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Full text of "Jets and flashes"

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1 p. 50 K. riyiiJKHH-b.— HeKpacoBT>.— -4>en».— TiomeB-b.— HaACOH>. — CoBpeMewibm 

MHHiaTIOpbl.— O CTapOM-b H HOBOMT> HaCTpoeHIH. 

— BM r BCT0 IHJlIlCCEJlbByPrA. I. BtCTH H3-b nO^HTHqeCKOft Ka- 

TOprH. J[. MeAwtuna. — II. Ha AMypcKOfi KO^ecHOfl Aoporfe. P. Bpaeeicaio. H3ft. 
1906 r.— 40 CTp. H. 8 Kon. 

H. ^. MMxaMAOBCKiM. COHHHEHIfl. IHecTb tomob-b no 2 p. 

T. I. Mto Taxoe nporpeccb?— TeopiH AapBHHa h o6mecTBeHiai Hayna.— AHaj 
nmeckift mctoat* bi o6mecTBeHHOft HayKt.— Bopb6a 3a HHAHBHAyaJibHocn». — Bo^bm j 
u noABHWHMKH.— M3i> ^MTepaTypHbix-b h wypHavteHbix-b saMtTOK-b 1872 h 1873 it. 

T. II. npecryruieHie h Hai<a3aHie. — I epoH h TOJina. — HayHHwa nHCbMa.—-fla'j 

AOrUHQCKSLH MaHH. — H3T. AHTepaTypHblXl> H XCypHaAbHbtX-b 3aMtTOKT> 1874 r. 



5fT. III. <Pnnoco(piH HcropiH JlyH BaaHa. — Bhko h ero .Hosafl Hayxa*. — HoBbif 
ncTopHKT. eapeflCKaro Hapona. — 4to Taicoe ciacrbe? — 3anHCKH ripo4>aHa. 

T. IV. >KepTBa crapoft pyccKofl ncropiH. — Mxiea«nH3MT>, HAovionoKAOHCTBO ■ 
peaJiH3Mi». — Cy3AaJibUbi u cy3AaAbCKa* icpHTHKa. — Kap;n> Mapncb nepeAi» cyAOir* 
r. 10. >KyKOBCKaro. — Bt» ncpeMOKKy.— JlirrepaTyp tibia sairfeTKH 1878—1 880 r.r. 

T. V. >KecTOKift TajiaHrb. — Hi. M. YcneHCKifl. — LUeApHtiv — report 6ea- 
epeMeHbJi.— H. B. LUenryHOB-b. — 3anncKH coBpeMeHHHKa. — FlHCbMa nocTopoHHstro. 

T. VI. BoAbTepi. — rpacj)^ BHCifapirb.— MBam. rpo3Hbifl bt. pycocoft jumpa- 

Typt. — AHeBHHKl> MHTaTeAfl. — IlHCbMa pa3HbIXl> pa3HOCTHXl>. 

— JIIITEPATyPHHH BOCHOMHHAHIH h COBPEMEHHAfl 
CMYTA. T. I. HaaaHie emopoe. 1905 r. 504 CTp. IJ. 2 py<5. 
Mofl nepBbif) AHTepaTypHbifl onurb. „Pa3CB%rb a . »Khh>khnh BtcrHHKV. .Oren. 
3anHCKH*.— HeKpacoBT», CaATbncoBi», EAHceeBi*, ycnetiCKift, LUe^ryHOBT..— O rp. Toa- 
ctomi>. — IlHCbMo K. MapKca. - Kaioiuieca ABOpsme. MAeaAbi h haoau. — T. 3. Eah- 
•ceeBi. 

— JIHTEPATyPHblH BOCnOMHHAHIfl h COBPEMEHHAfl 
CMYTA. Tomi> II. Haaaade emopoe — 496 dp. It. 2 p. HopAay o Bwpo- 
xcAeHiH. /leKaaeHTbi, chmbo^hctu, Mam h npoi.— Ochobu HaponHHwecTBa K>30Ba. — 
06t> 3KOHOMMwecKOM"b MaiepiajiH3Mt. — H3i> nuceM-b MapKCHcroB-b. — O 4>p. Hnmue. 

— OTKJIIIKH. T. I. H3A. 1904 r. — 492 CTp. Bt 1 p. 50 b. 
CiaTbH cb AHBapH 1895 r. no siHBapb 1897 r. 

— OTKJIIIKH. T. II. H3«. 1904 r. — 431 CTp. U, 1 p. 50 K. 
CiaTbH cb HHBapa 1897 r. no Aeica6pb 1898 r. 

— nOCJTB£HIfl COHHHEHIfl. T. I Hsa. 1905 r. — 489 CTp. 
H,. 1 p. 50 R. CiaTbH cb Aexatipsi 1898 r. no anptAb 1901 r. 

— IJOCJTB^HIH COHHHEHIH. T. H. H3fl. 1905 r. — 504 CTp. 
H. 1 p. 50 R. CiaTbH cb ceHTfl6psi 1901 r. no hhb. 1904 r. (Mtcairb cifepni aBTopa). 

— Hst> poMaHa „KAPbEPA OJIA^yiHKHHA 44 . HaaaHie 1906 r. 
240 crp. U. 75 r. 

B. A. MwiOTMirb. HBT* HCT0PIH PYCCKArO OBmECTBA. Ha* 
tmopoe 1906 r.— 4» CTp. IJ. 1 p. 25 R. npoTonom» ABBaKyM-b. — Kh. Ulep- 
-6aTOBi>. — Ha 3a pt pycctcoft o6mecrBeHHocTH (PaAHiueB-b).— M3*b NymKHHCKOft shoxh. — 
T. H. rpaHOBCKifl.-— K. fl. KaBeAHH*. — flaMsiTH TAt6a YcneHCicaro. — flaiisiTH H. K. 
MHxaftAOBCKaro. 

— HAIJO JIH H,HTH BT> RYUY. Hafl. emopoe 1906 r. 40 CTp. 
U^Ha 10 Ron. 

A. 0. HeMMpoBCKiii. HAriACTb. XIoBtcTL (H3i> xojiepHoft snnjiewB 
1892 r.). Han. 1896 r.— 236 CTpa IJ. 1 p. 

A. A. HMKOJiaeBV K00nEPAII,IH. Haa. 1906 r. 56 CTp. H 10 k. 
A. B. neTpiimeBi. IJEPKOBb H IHKOJIA. Hafl. 1906 r. I£ 15 k. 

C. noAWieBV T. L MblTAPCTBA — H3fl. 1905 r. — 296 CTp. 
H 75 KOIL— MocKOBCKifl paCoTHbifl aomt>. — Flo BTany. 

— T. II. CPE£H PABOHMXT).— Hazi. 1905 f.— 287 <rrp. U. 75 r. 
A. B. ntuiexoNOBV 3EMEJIbHHH Hy^^bl ^EPEBHH. Ochob- 

hhh aaflaqa arpapfloll pe(J)opMH. Ha^. mpemie 1906 r. — 155 CTp. 
IttHa 60 R. 

— KPECTbflHE H PABOHIE bt> hxt> BaaHMHNXT» OTHome- 
Hiax'b. Ha^. mpewbe Cea-b nepeM^H-b. 1906 r. 64 dp. U. 25 k. 

— 9K0H0MI14ECKAH nOJIHTIIKA CAMOAEPatABW. Bmo- 
"nx 1906 r. 80 dp. U,. 30 k. 

- XJI^BBTj, CB-BTT) h CBOBO^A. Hemeepmoe H3A. 1906 r, 

ul'p. 'H. 10 R. 



— AITAPHAH IIPOBJIEMA bt> obh3H ct> KpecTMHCKHirb 
j|BH3ReHieMTi. Han,. 1906 r. 135 cTp. IJ. 40 k. 

— , CyilJHOCTb ATPAPHOft nPOBJIEMH. OwtjibHHfl orrncK* 
ni> KHHrn # ArpapHan npofijieMa". 1906 r. 82 CTp. IJ. 6 k. 

— KTb BCUlPOCy OBTb HHTEJIJIHrEHIJIH. 1906 r. 108 CTp. 
It*Ha 25 Kon. 

— HAKAHYH'B. Hsa. 1906 r. 214 CTp. H 60 k. 

. -r- nPOrPAMMHHE BOIIPOCbl. Bun. L Ochobhha nojioaeHin. 
IJ. 10 koii. Bun. II. HcTopnHecKia npe^nocHJiKH. H 10 Kon. 

C. A. CaBMHKOBa. rOJl,bI CKOPBH (BocnoMHHamfl MarepH). Ifefl. 
1906 r. 64 CTp. II,. 15 icon. 

n. Tiwo(t>eeBV HlsMTb JKHBETb 3AB0£CKlft PABCTCIiL 
1906 r, 117 CTp. IJ. 40 k. 

Kap^T, mypnv H3T> BOCIIOMHHAHlft ITBMEIJKArO PEBOJIIO- 
UJOHEPA. 1907 r.— 132 CTp. IJ. 30 k. 

BwKTop-b HepHOBi. MAPKCM3\Tb h AITAPHblft BOIIPOCb. 
HcTopHKO-KpnTHqecKitt OHepKT>. H. L H3H. 1906 r. 246 CTp. IJ. 75 k. 

B. 3*pycM. 04EPKH nO nOJIHTIWECKOH 3K0H0MIH. Bmo~ 
poe jisjx. 1906 r.— 274 dp. II,. 1 py6. 

C. H. K)maKOB-b. ^OBPOBOJIEIJ'b IIETEPByprb*. /jBajKflH 
BOKpyrt Aain. HyTeBHtf BneqaurfeHia. Il3#. 1894 r. — 350 CTp. IJ. 1 p. 50 k. 

Bt> CTpaHt xyHxy30Bi m TyMaHOBT>. — Ha TeruibixT> Boaax-b. 

n. fl. — n. flKy60BHMT» (Jl. MeAbuiMH-b). OTMXOTBOPEHIH. T.I. 
(1878—1897 rr.). Ilxmoe H3fl. 1903 r.— 282 CTp. II,. 1 p. 

.— CTIIXOTBOPEHIfl. T. II. (1898 — 1905). Tpenue, aonoa- 
HCHHOe, H3fl. 1906 r.— 316 CTp. II,. 1 p. 

— PyCCKAH My3A. CrHxorBopeHiH h xapaKTepHCTHKH 132 iwros-b. Kpa- 
cHBbifi KOMnaKTHbiH tomt> bt> nBa cTo;i6ua; okojio 40.000 CTHxoB*b. riepepa6oraHHoe 
Aono^HeHHoe n3/iaHie. 1907 r. IJ. 1 p. 75 K. 



Bt> KOHTopt «P. E.» npoflaioTCH h H^KOTopHa Hymia H3^aHi^: 

raiuiepen uujMCcejibGyprcKMX-b y3HMKOBT>. Ct> 29 nopTpeiaMH, 30 6io^ 
rpa(|)iHMH. Visa. 1907 r. bt> nojibsy 6hbiiihx> injiuccejib6. y3HHK0BT>. 
HfcHa 3 p. 

/I. MejibuiMH-b (n. <D. flKyfioBMHi). niJIHCCE.IIbByprCKIE MyHE- 
HHKH. Bech Hncruft Wop'b bi> nojibsy <5uBniHX'B nuraccejibOypr- 

CMXT* y3HHKOBT>. H3fl. 1906 I\— 32 CTp. 1J. 15 K. 

M. Opo^eHHO. MlIJlOCTb. (Ife* BocnoMHHaHift ,o6t> AJieKcfeeB- 
cKOMt paBejiHH-h). H3n. 1906 r. 16 CTp. It. 10 k. 

Btpa <DnrHep*. CTIIXOTBOPEHIH. Esa. 1906 r. IJ. 20 k. 

Bi aaiuMTy MOBa. CBOPHHK'b CTATEK h CTHXOTBOPEHlft: 
IV-e HsaaBie (yaemeBjreHnoe) 6e3T> nepeMtH^. 225 CTp. II. 75 k. 

3amt> UlaiinbOH-b. OPAHlJIH HAKAHyiTB PEBOJUOIJIH no Ha^ 
KaaaM-L 1789 roaa. 1906 r. 220 CTp. II. 50 k. 

AaHiajib Crepiiv HCTOPIfl PEBOJIiOIJIH 1848 r.— Ha*. 1907 r. 
Ab* TOMa, no 75 k. Kancziuft. 

C. H. K)waK0BV BOBPOCbl nPOCB^mEHM. ^Ha 1 p. 50 ; 

— CCmiOJIOrH<IECKIE 3TK)AbL T. II (t. I pacnpo^afli»> 
E[iHal py6. 50 koh. 

n. Jl. /laspoB-b (Mmptobt,). HAPO^HHKH H nPOnArAH,I[HCTL 
IX*Ha 1 py6. 



If 07, # /S q^stc^jefat 



H B bl E II H 0. 

(H3T* UlKOAbHOft XpOHHKH), 

XT. 

9to 6HJia npejnoflia coBepraeHHo HeoaomaHHaa, BH3BaHHaa 
cJiyme6HHM'B ycepAieMX JJ.eMeHTiH denaHUHa. 

HeTBepTOKJiaccHHK'B JlaBpoBt BHniejrB H3i» KaCHHeTa yejui- 
HeHia cb jnmoarB noflospmejibHo fffejioBHM'B. JJ.eMeHTifi dena- 

HHTb — HeJIOBtKI* OIIHTHUft— BtHCJIHBeHbKO BBflJTB erO CBaftH 8a 

pyny noBHme jiokth, noflepHyjn> HaaaffB, Kb ce6i, h KaKi>-6H 
no ceicpeTv, ho CTapaacB npH(5jiH3HTb CBofi hocb icb ero piy, 
cnpocBJTb jiacKOBO, ho^th no-TOBapumecKH: 

— Kypajit? 

BaxpacTufi, mepmaBuft JIaBpoBi>, xy^ofl, saMopeHHHft h ao- 
cTaTo^HO cMHpHug cy6T>eKT"B, 6hjtb OHeHb yno6ewb «Jia po- 
BHCKa. 06uKH0BeHH0 owb cb cMnpemeM-b noOTHHajica $a- 
TajiLHofl HeH36iacHocTH Kapijepa, flyxT> hm^ji-b cjiafiufl h iuiotb 
aeMomHyio; ffBa paaa 6hjtb HdJiOBJieiTB cb nanapocofl bt> BaTep- 
KJio3er& •rfeM'B ace ^eMeHTieMX OrenaHHHeM'B, a oahh'b pas* 
nonajica Ha rjiasa caMOMy HHcneKTopy bt> rjiyxoMX iiepeyjucfc, 
y Boporb Toro MajieHLKaro MtmaHCKaro ffOMHKa, Ha KOTopoMi* 
upn6HTa 6ujia HeKasHCTan BHBicKa: w ^yxoBHuft MacTepi* hb* 
KieBa JlaBpoBX*. 

JlaBpOBT* MOJIHa, CB npHTBOpHHMT> HeflOyM'feHieM'B, CMOTp-fejTB 

Era fleMeHTia denaHUHa. Ho b* 3tom*b B3rjiaA* onuTHufi rjia3T> 
Reuewria CTenaHHHa yace yjioBHJTB npoBopHHa, MaJioflyniHH* 
rbHH. 

— KypmrL? — cTporo noBTopnjrB cBoft BonpocB fleMeHTifl 
CTenaHHH'B. 

— Hto bh, JHeMeHTifi OrenaHHH'B? Ct> Hero bh B3AJIH?.. 

— J^mxhh! 

JlaBpOBT^CB TOTOBHOCTblO IHHpOKO paCKpHJTB pOTB H rpOMKO 

^oxHyji-B. Ho JI,eMeHTia CTenaHHHa h Tyr* npoBecra 6ujio 



wm :: - 



«4& 



2 $. K P » B B %. 

TpyjiHo: no AOJirojr&THeMy onbrry oh* SHajrb, hto JIaBpoBT> 
AOXBerb bt> ce6a, a He hbt* ce6a. 

— ToBopH: ^naxHerB ctHOMT* Hajrb jiyraMH"...— CTporo Ha- 
XMypHBmHCB, CKaaaji'b obt> JIaBpoBy. 

Hh o^HHTb caMbiii onuTHufl njiyrb He cyMfcerb cupbiTb npa 
AeiuiaMaiUH Ta6a<raaro aanaxy. 

— JJa hto bm ko mh4 npHCTajra! — KpHKHyjTB BApyr& 

JlaBpOBX. 

BMtcTO Majio/iyinHHX'B rfeHefl bt> rjiaaaxx ero aacBepKajiH 

OrOHBKH, H BT> TOJIOCfe nOCJIHHiaJlHCB CJie3H. 

— %o-o?! 

#eMeHTifi CTenaHHHx HayMHJica. 3a6HTuft, mepmaBHft, no- 
KopHufl JlaBpoBt, Bcerna TaKofi ynofiHufi ffJia npiiMtHeHin kt> 
HeMy bcbkhx'b neAarorHiecKHXTb aKcnepHMeHTOBT), — h btotb 
toht>... BoTt TaiCb BpeMa! 

— Hto?! — noBTopHJi-B ^eMeHTifi OenaHbiTb h, oTKHHyBX 
rojioBy H-bCKOJibKO Haaaflt, noAepiiyjrb K'b ce6t JIaBpoBa. . 

3anpoKHHyTaa Ha3aA*b roJiOBa h HayMJieHHo-Heroayromift 
B3rJiflAT> BbipaJKaJiH necpaBHeHHoe, yHHHToacaromee BejiHKOjrfenie. 

— Bbi He cMteie AepraTb!— rpoMKO KpHKHyjrb JlaBpoB* h 
BHpBajii> pyny. 

JleMeHTiH CienaHUHT, BHXBarajrb hbt* 6oKOBoro RapMaHa 
aanncHyio KHHHCKy h, cHOBa XBaTaa JIaBpoBa Bbiine jiokth, 

TOHHO 60HCb, HTO OHT> y6-b3KHTB, HCHflKHM'B, HO <5oeBHM'b TOJIO- 
COWb BOCKJIUKHyJTb: 

— K'b HHcneKTopy! 

A Mencny i-kM^, hxt> yace OKpyacHJiaTOJina. BnepeAH MajieHbKie 
Kapany3u, BepuiflBbie h JiioGoribiTCTByiomie, TOJiKaacb h XHiHKaa, 
HanHpajiii co Bcfex^ dopoH'b h oAofipniejibHo KHBajia JlaBpoBy 
H3i>-3a cnflHH JXeuemin OenaHbiqa. CsaAH— naoTHoe KOJibuo 
CojibniHXT), cojiHAHHX'b Myacefi, npHBJieneHHBix'B kt> ci^Ht yace 

He OAHIWb JIJOfionblTCTBOMT). 

Botb ohh— rjiyxie, HeMHoro npH^aBJieHHue BByKH ponoTa 11 
samara; Mbrearb h ryjyrrB: 

— TjIHCTb... TJIHCTT)... 

— Bu He HMteTe npaBa xBaTaTb! — o3jjoC :cuuhmt>, njia^y- 
in;HM r b rojiocoMT) Kpa^an'b JlaBpoBx, BbipbiBaacb. 

— y-y-y- ry-y-y... TjiH-H-crb... 63-3-3... My-y-y... Tjih- 
h-ctt>... — rjiyxo saryA'feJia Tojina. 

,II,eMeHTiio CTenaHuqy npaouiocb 6apaxTaTbca, hto6m He bh- 
nycraTb pyny JIaBpoBa. Om> h caMT> He noHHMajrb, kl HeMy 
AepacHTb ero, ho padepajica h atflCTBOBaji'b yace RBLo6ywh... 
H oTKy^a TaKaa CHJia y 3Toro 3aMopwiua? Orb ycajiifi h Ha- 
npflaceHia JXeuemm CienaHU^'b noKpacHtjit, Bcnorfeji'B, am- 

Hia.Tb TBHCeJIO H nOTepflJIl* COJIHAHHH BHA'b. 

— 3a HT0-0-0?.. TjiH-H-Hcrb... y-y-y... ry-y-y...— see rpoMHe 






fiOBfclB AHH. 8 

rya^jraTOJina, h 3th 3ByKH, noBajiHBnracb Ha HeMemla OeiiaHBrea, 
o6ctinajiH ero, Kaicb icyna MejiKHX'b KaMHefl, AaBHjra h o6e3CH- 
JiHBajiH. Oh-b naqaJi'B naAaTB nyxowb. 

— He csiteTe XBaTaTb!.. Bu Mirfe KypTKy naHKaeieL— -ncre- 

pHHeCKH KpHHSUKb JlaBpOB* H, BbipBaBHIHCB, CTaJTB pyKOH BHTH- 

paTL pyKaBx KypTKH. 

Tojina saxoxoTajia. BeTxyro Kypmy JlaBposa, yiepanieHHVK) 
naTHaMH, cb cJi^AaMH Miuia h iihjm, Myapeiro 6ujio Hcna<i- 
KaTb. Ho JIaBpoBT> yAa^HO noicasaJTB, hto npiiKOCHOBeHie Jlfi- 
Memia OrenaHHqa Bce-TaKH ncnaHKajio ee. 

— Si Te6t roBopio: k* HHcneieropy! A HHa^e a...— nonpotfo- 
BajrB KpHKHyTb ^eMeHTifl CTenaHbiTb... 

Ho jkhakih rojiocb ero yace yTepajrB npeatHee 6oeBoe ynoe- 
Hie, h, BMicTo rpoaHuxx hotb, b*b Heart cjmmajica HeyBtpeH- 
HHft, noHTH aaaHifl KpafCB. 

— Tjih-h-hctI)... rjiH-H-HCT'b... y-y-y... ry-y-y... yjuo-jiro-jiro...— 
aaryA^Jia TOJina, h komoktb ateBaHOH 6yMarH Manco nuien- 
nyjica b*b CjiaroBocnHTaHHyH) <|>H3ioHOMiK) ^eMemia Oeiia- 
Huqa. 

Owb B3Aporayjn>, Chctpo pa3BepHyjn> KHnacicy h OKHHyjrb 
ropKHM-b BarjiaAOMT* TOJiny. CnjioinHaa, njioTHaa dtaa mojioamx'b 

JIHUT>, CfepHXT> KypTOKT>. HaCMtlHJIHBHe U CBliTaiHieca HeHaBHCTBK) 

rjiaaa, MHoro rJia3T>... H Bee oziHHaKOBoe. Bee CTajio KaicB-TO 
BApyn* He3HaKOMHM?>, BpaacAeCHHM'b, 6ojibhihm , b h cepbesHhisfb. 
PuaciH, npumeBaTHfl naTHKJiaccHHKB ct> 6ojibnraM , B hocom?> Ha- 
napajrB Ha Hero rpyABio a Harao ycMtxaJica. 

— TypbeBT)! bh Bbime CBoefl npapoAH He B03Hoeirrecb! 
JXe^iewTiH CTenaHHTB jhoShjtb 6jiecHyTB KpacHoptqieMTB h 

HHor^a sarnfiaJTB, Ha noifcxy yHeHHKaM-b, H3yMHTejibHbia Bupa- 
mema. 

— CBoeH MopAofl, Bee paBHo, EBpomi He yKpacirre!— npa- 
6a w HJTb oht> TOHOM-b 6e3anejuiaitfoHHaro nparoBopa. 

TypbeB-b, xoTa h He o6ojibmajn> ce6a HaAeacAOK) yicpa- 
CHTb CBoeS „mopaoh" EBpony,— o6HAfeaca h rpy6o B03pa3njn>: 

— A tn, AyMaenib,— yKpacaoib? 

— Hto-o?! 

H cpeAH orjiymHTejibHaro xoxoTaTOJitm,B , bKOTopoM'b npHHajrb 
y^acTie Aaace JlaBpoBT), ^eMeHTiii OenaHHTB BbiXBarajrB ubt> 
CBoefi naMaTHofli khhjkkh KapaHAaurb cb TakHMT> BupaHcenieM-B, 
KaicB 6yATO 3T0 four* peBOJibBep-B. Pyica ero 6hiCTpo 3a6brajia 
no dpaHHut, ho KycoiCB 6yjiKH, nymeHHufi HCKycHOH pyicofi 
C32WH, H3*B-3a rojioBu, yroAHjn> npaMo wh KHHacicy, h OHa Bbi- 
Jierfejia h3t> pyKT> ^eMeHTia CTenaiiuqa npa oCmewb boctop- 
aceHHOM'B rBajirt h roMepa^ecKOMB xoxot*. 

— To-ro-ro... Xo-xo-xo-xo... O-o-o... y-y-y!..— sacToftaJio Bee 
KpyroMi. 



£ P It K <> ft V 



H otesKypaaceHHOMy ^eMeHTiK) CTeaaHtiiy Kaaajiocb, hto 
xoxoqyrb ct*hh, noTOJioKt, JitcTHHua, Ape6e3Hcarb CKBepHUMi>, 
aaopaAHHM'b cmIjxom^ oKHa, h npHTOMi> Bee 9T0 ryAHTb, yjiio- 
iiOKaerB, muhhtb, Kpaqarb: „rjiacrb!" 

— ByHTB... He MHHOBaaa h Hac* lama ciaL 
Oht* notfjr&AH'fcjrb ii cpaay ynaorb AyxoMx. 
TpacymHMHca pyicaMa noflHHJi-B ohb KHi^atKy h, Beci> caeaB- 

inncb, BTOHyBt meiK), (Soacb oraaHyTbca a o*HAaa, hto ero 
Borb-BOTt y^apaTL KT0-HH6yAb bt> mex> HJIH CIIUHy, npOTHC- 
HyjrcH kt> JitcTHHivfe, KOTopaa Bejia HaBepx*, h nofitowurb no 
aea CucTpuMu, TpycjiHBHMH maraMH. 

— TjIH-H-HCTt!.. rJIH-H-HCTt!.. — flpySKHMM'b, HeCTpoflHHM'B, 

uecTpuMt xopoMX rpanyjia eMy BCJT&A'b. 

H TopMcecTByiomia bojmh 3ByK0BT> ryjiKo oTAaJiacb B*b Kop- 
pHflopt, BecejiwMT> 9Xomt> npoKaTHJiHCb no raMHacTHHecKoil 
aaji-fe, npojieriuia HaBepxi*, CMarqeHHHa h fiojite cTpoaabia. 
H JI.eMeHTiio CTenaHbi^y Kaaajiocb, mto OHt raajiHCb sa uuwb 
h xotIhih 3axjiecTHjTb h yTonirrb ero bt> cbohx* myMHHX'b 
o6'baTiax , b. 

3th flpy»Hue asyKH, AHKie h 3aAopHO-Top»ecTByromie, npa- 
3hbho OTflajincb bo Bcfex'b yrjiax* raMHaaia, a bt> hhhchIh Kop- 
pH^op^ ceanacb nee cieKJiacb cfeptia tojihi* naTacorb paaao- 
o6pa3BHx , b no B03pacTy, ho o6 r beflHHeHHNX?» o6iuhm , b nyB- 
ctbomi> CMyTHaro, 6e3co3HaTejibaaro, AaBHO nasplsBaBinaro npo- 
recTa rojioB-b. lDHHX'b, ropaiax'b ro.aoB'b, Becejitix'b, Jienco- 

MHCJieHHO-fioeBHX'b, pa^OCTHO-rOTOBHX'b Ha BCaKifi inyM'B, B03HK), 

3paicy h Ha mTypMi* neAaroranecKaro nepcoHajra. 

MuaytH Hepea'b ab^ noaBHJiacb Ha ropa30HT* — bt> kohu* 
KoppaAopa— <£arypa HHcneKTopa cl pacTonHpeHHUMH pyicaMH. 

3a HHM'b Cb BOHHCTBeHHWM'b BHAOMT* BHCTynaJTb KaJIJIHCTpaTb, 

a ^ajibme 0aBopc.Ki#. HeMeHTifl denaHHTb ocTajica HaBepxy, 
bt> pe3epB"&. 

HHcaeKTop*b ycajieHHo xorkirb HBHTb cBoefi $arypofi h4hto 
rpo3Hoe h ycTpainaiomee. Ho B-b HaxMypeHHOMt B3rjiaA* ero 
aBHO cKB03HJia aaaHba TpycocTb. rycraa tojioh, ryA^Binia, 
icaicb nieju*, h kphkh Majibiniefi cMymJia ero cpasy. OH*b 
aa^aa-b ry6aMa HtcKOJibKo Tpemamax-b 3ByKOB*b,— OH*b Bceraa 
3to jxbJi&JTb, npesK^e n1&wb CKa3aTb HTO-Ha6yAb. 9roT^ Kopo- 
TeHbKia a oparHHa^ibHHft TpecK'b npaBOAaji'b Bceryxa b^ oco- 
6eaHO Beeejioe HacTpoeHie jierKOMHCJieHHyro MOJioAesKb— nepBO- 

KJiaCCHHKOB'b a BTOpOKJiaCCHHKOB-b. Be* OHH OHeHb HCKyCHO 

yMlsjra BOcnpoH3BOAHTb ero. SacJiHuiaBi* ero, ceitaacb ace Ha~ 

HWHaJIH BTOpHTb CaMH H $UpKaTb OTb Offexa. 

— IIor-ryjiHHTe! — kpotko roBopnjrb HHcneierop'b, CTapaacb 
paap^AHTb tojihh cTpaHHHMH, jiOBamaMH BOSAyx'b mecTaMH. 

H cJibimaAoeb bt> ero rojioct hto-to TpycjiHBoe, HeyBtpeH. 



from* *wn. ) 

noe, ywojimomee. Oht> (Jeacjr&AHO yroHyjrb bt> ryjucoarb roaopf. 
MOJiOAe)KH. A Majiumu 6tacajin caaAH u pflAo>n>, rpoMKo no- 
TpecKHBaJiH ry6aMH w $apKajiH orb CMtxa. 

— PaaoflAHTecb!.. Bw... rfe, KOTopwe... bott> HiieHHo... bh, 
KOiopwe TaMT>... 

HHCiieKTop'b CeaycirbiuHo CTapajioi yxBaTHTb pyicaMH bos- 
ayx*. 

— y-y-y... oo-o... ry-y-y...— pa3AaBaJioch cuepeAH u e3aAw, 

H M8JIHUIH $HpKaJIH OTb CMtia, 

— KaJiHCTpan* AraeoHHTb, aaannuiTe rfexTi, KOTopwe He 
pacxoflHTca... H noTOMTb noAaHTe... rfocb, KOTopwe Tyrb... 6yji- 
Banu... no»rb f bot*b hmchho,.. 

— Ty-y-y... y-y-y- Zlojiott canoHCHHicaL y-y-y... PoBHoacy* 
Aojiofi! BapaHa!.. y-y-y... 

— HepBHafB flOJJrOMT>... KBHTHHttfCarq, AhTOHT> AHTOHMM'b,— 

npHJKaB'L jiaaoHb Kb ry6aM*b h ckochbt» rjia3a, ct> TaiiHCTBeH- 
HbiMi> bhjxom'l cicasaJTB 6aBopcKiB:— ofiparaTe same BHUMaHie. .. 
B3opoMT> cbohmt>, K&Kb 6u CKasaTB... noacpaTb hjih nonajiun. 
nacB xoneTB... 

— 3arfeM^ 5KHryH0Ba, — iipH6aBtun> cwnjiHM'b rojiocoMi. 
KajuracTparb:— nepBbw saTOHmHicb Bceniy. 

— 3a hto, KajuiHCTparb AraeonuTb? — B03pa3Hjn> 0Ka3aB- 
miSca hoa* pyKofi JKHryHOBT*,— oh'b HyTKnMt yxoMt yaoBHjrb 

CBOD <J)aMHJliK),— H TOTTOCb AByMH IiaJIbLjaMH BHCMOpKaJICJI II 
CA'bJiaJIT) BEJTb, HTO 06jIH3UBaeTB HX'B HBHKOM'b. 

— Bote bhahtc... KpHTHKy KaKyio HaBOAnrb!— TKHy/n> naJib- 
ueirb KajuiHCTpaTb AraeoHHYb. 

— JKHryHOB*, odaHbCH Ha Tpu naca, tfyjiBamb 3Taicifi! — 
BocKJiHKHyjix HHcneKTopT> HeroAyKmjHM'b tohomt*. 

— 3a hto ace? 51 tojibko BucMopfcajica. A KajuracTpan* 
AraeoeuTb paaBt He CMopFtaeTca? JJaace bi, crfeHy xapKaerb... 
TIoTCMy ace h AOJiaceH'b cHAtTb, a He oht>? 

— Mojito, (SyjiBaH'bl Th y MeHH... He paaroBapiiBafi! H Te6t 
He roBapum.'b... 

— Ty y-y... y-y-y... Aojioh PoBHoacya! BoHAapa aojiom!.. 
Ho-Jio-ofi!.. 

C3aAH, ct Cokobx, cnepenn Hecyrca BBtpHime rojioca. Becb 
icoppHAopi* saryA'feJi'B, 3aMH l iaji'b, aacTOHajrb. HncneKTop'b abh- 
nyjicH BnepeAT> cb pacTonbipeHHUMH pyicaMH h co BarjiajioM'b, 
BnepeHHHM*b b*b OAHy TOHKy. ToJina noAaJiacb. Ht^To cbpoe, 
6e3(|)opMeHHoe h CTpaHHO-noABHHCHoe 3aKonomajiocb, aapnOnjio, 
KojiuxHyjiocb nepeAT> hhmt>. HnKoro He y3Haenib... CaaAU 3a- 
KpnqaJin, aacBHCTajiu, aaTonajin. TAt-To Taarb, BeyTpn 9Tofl 
fiea(J)opMeHHOfi, uieBejiameiicH cbpofi MaccH pa3AajiHCb 3ByKH 
irhHia— HecTpofiHue, ho Cofiicie, BuauBaiomie, CpaBypHue. 






* e. KPDKOBV 

— 9re! botb oho hto! — cb yacacoirb noflyMajii HHcnen- 
Top*. 

Bhjtb CTpameHi* eiiy He ahmhhA sanax-b peBOJiioitfH— oto 
nycraKH, — a JiefleHHJio KpoBb oaho yxtacnoe onaceHie: He 
Aouuia 6u bch 3Ta HCTopia ao ry6epaaTopa, a Tajfb ao none- 
HHTejiH OKpyra... TorAa— nHinn nponajio! He pacxjie6aenib 8Tofl 

KaiDH BT> fleCHTKH JltTt! 

Oht> 6hicTpo noBepHyjrb Haaaa'B — c*b bhaomt* TpycjiHBO-OT^ 
HaHHHofl ptiiiHMOcm. ntHie rpHHyjio y Hero 3a cnuHofi. KpH- 

KH, CBHCTb H TOIIOTb CJlHJIHCb Bt AHKyK), CTpamHyK), HO CBOe- 

o6pa3Hyio cnM(J)OHiio. 

— /Iojioh PoBnowyaL JJfijioH canoacHHKa KaJiJiHCTpaTa!,. 
BoHHapuuiKy aojioAL y-y-y... ry-y-y... 

Kto-to h3T> naHcioHepoB'b, KOTopuM'B flaBajra Ha saBTpaicb 
nepHUH xjit6i>, nycTHJiii Kpaioxofl bt> GaBopcKaro, ho npoMax- 
HyjicH. Kparoxa npoJierkna KOppHAop* h nonajia bt> orho. Pas- 
AajicH 3boht> paaCiiTaro cTeKJia. fiapbiBi> Kpaica, raMa, CMfcxa, 

CBHCTa npHB-bTCTBOBaJlTi BTOrB HOBhlH 3EyKT>. 

9to * ChiJio HaqajioM-B, ho OKa3ajiocb bm&ct& h rohuomtb 
nepBaro peBOJiioiuoHHaro nepioAa. Oopoarb IleTpT* npeKpaTHJTb 
ero caMHMt HeoacHAaHHbiM'b h npocTbiMi> cuoco6omi>: ohi> 3a- 

3B0HHJTb, MOTaH H30 BCtXt CHJTb KOJIOKOJIblHKOM'b, H IipOH3H- 

TejibHbie, cBepjiamie 3ByKH 3BOHKa, KaKi> 3ByKH qojikobou Tpy- 
<5u, pasptA^JiH TOJiny, pa3A*JiHJiH ee Ha rpynubr, h, aBTOMaTH- 
necKH nocjiyniHbiH, oh4 ABHHyjincb kt> KJiaccaM'b. UlyM'B paa- 
6iijich Ha oTAtJiLHae py^bM, noTycKHfcjrb h, Bcnbixuyfi'b flBa 
paaa, cTajn> racHyTb. , 



XVI. 

y AHpeKTopa onflTb nponajio BejiHHie, h MaxeHbKaa (JmrypRa 
c*b HamioHeHHofl BnepeAT> roJioBofl, cb pacTepaHHUMT> B3rJia- 
Aomi>, CHOBa HauoMHHajia 03a6niyK> KyponaTKy. 

— KaJKeTca, rocnoAa, npHAeTca HaM'b pacxjietfHBaTb Ratny, 
cKa3ajn> oht> pacTepaHHo-cRop6HUM , b tohomt>: — a yace coo6- 
maji-b no TeJie^oHy HOJiaueHMeiicTepy... Ha BcaRift cjiyqafi.*. 

— ^Aa... nocBHCTMBaK)Ti>.,. — MeaaHXOJiiiHecKH 3aM*Tnjn> 6a- 
TiouiKa, A^P^a pyKH caoaceHHUMH Ha acHBorb. 

HoMOJiiajiH. Tjiyxo AOHocmmcb 3n6juomiaca bojihh yracas)- 
maro niyMa. HHorAa suhhuh cbuctb mjih Busr'b npoH3ajn> ko- 
nuiHHBinieca 3ByKH, 3Bohko npoHocmica Hepesi nycTyio 3ajiy 
h yAapflJica bi> pacKpuryio ABepb yqaxejibCKOH komhatu. 

— Coo6mnjii> noJiHueiiMeflcTepy.,. Bcero HaAO HCAaTb... — no- 

BTOpHJl'b AHpeKTOpT>, OMCMAaa yCJIUIIiaTb OTb CB0J4X*b IIOA'Ul- 

HeHHbix'B OAo6peuie »tojj Mipi. 



I 




•*>3 



H013XE J(HH. 



H OHflTb H15KTO Cpasy He OT03BaJICfl, TOHHO bc6 irpHCJiymn- 

sajiiicb kb 3T0My OTflajieHHOMy, nedpoMy, KaaaBmeiiyca Tenepb 
imncuM-b myMy, 

— TjiaBHoe— cJia6ocTH ne o6Hapy»HBaTb!— nepBUMt aaro- 
BopRJii, KyaneuoBt h c»ajrb nyxjmft KyjiaiCB. 

Out HcnoflJiofibH nocMOTplurb Ha cbohx'b TOBapnmefl h pt- 

mBTeJIbHHBTB, HtCKOJIBKO JIOKTOpaJIbHHM'b TOHOBTB HpOflOJI- 

— Focy^apcTBO ycTaHaBJiHBaerb aaKOHH, nojwaHHbie o6-6h- 
aaHu Hxt co6jiK)AaTb!.. Paa* He xonemb noflHHHHTbcn. HnHHmb 
peBOJiiouiH), BHOcarab paapynieme cymecTByromaro CTpon, — 
rocyAapcTBO npHMtHHerb Mtpu, KaK-b to: BoeHHyio CHJiy, no- 
jTHiiiio, cyfl-b... HTO-»e 3to tfyaerb, ecjin MaJib-HHUi-KH HaHHyrb ; >! 

^HKTOBaTb CBOH yCJIOBiH BdpOCJIUM'B JHDaflMT>?.. ; | 

JIhuo ero notfarpoB-fejio. Oht> aaaeprajrb mieHOM'b h yen- ' ! 

jieHHO aacoirfejrb enemwb hihpokhm'b hocomt>. Bch MaccuBHan V' 

gmrypa ero Bupa»cajia HerojjOBaHie. B* caaoM-b jr&Jit, o<5haho ^| 

6ujio, tto MajibiyraHu, Bupocmie Ha ero rjiaaax'b, cTOJibKo ^ 

paa^ aaJiHBaBmieca cjieaann aa'b-aa epHom>, yHHMceaHo ynpa- ^| 

niMBaBmie w npocTHTb" hjih „3a<iepKHyTb tt , hjih nonpaBHTb, Tpe- ;i| 

neiaBniie nepefl* p'feniHTejibHUM'b B3MaxoBTb nepa, noTTHTejibHo -| 

oTBtmuBaBmie hokjiohh, cMHpeHHo CTOflBmie bt* yrjiy, 6e3po- ■-'$ 

noTHo BHCJiymuBaBinie aajieico He aTTHHecKyio cojib ywrejib- ;:; 

ckhxx HacMtmeK'b,— Tenepb ycrrpaHBaiorb 3a6acTOBKy, npH<ra- :\% 

hjhot-b TpeBory, o6hah, Hapyraarorb oCh^hum nopnAoicb hchshh 

Cipa riHHfl Cbi-Tb nejiOBtitb KyaHeuoBb. '^ 

JKnsHb oht> Bejn> HsyMHTejibHO-ne^aHTHiecKyK). Bceraa bt> •' 

ohho BpeifH noica3HBajictf Ha yjinut, ojinnwh h rbwb ace ma- 
rou-h mejrb bt> rHMHaaiio; Kaican 6h hh 6uJia noro/ia, HHKor/ia 
ee 6pajn> H3B03<reica h He canHJiCH vl TpaMBafl. Hh pa3y He 
onoaaaji-B, He nponycraJTb hh oflHoro ypoKa. Pa3 < zvfeBajicH h 
BtmajiTb najibTO Bcerjia Ha CBoeirb, CTporo onpe.atjieHHOM'b 
wtcrk, h ecjiH oho oieaabiBaJiocb aaHHTO, npHKaauBajrb mBen- 
qapy HeaceflJieHHO ocBotfoflHTb. KaJioniH caMi> 0THpajn> 3aroTO- 
BJieHHo^ aapaH-be 6yiiaroH h aaaee ofiayBajrb ct> hhxt> nujib, 

K0CTK)MU CBOH HOCHJTb H3yMHTeJIbHO flOJirO. JKHJI'b O^HHOKO, 

cicyno- Ho noKynajrb MHoro KHurb, BbinncbiBajrb acypHajiw 
„PyccKyio CTapHHy a h „HcTopH*iecKift BtcTHHK , b•, ra3eThi, Bet 
Hoaepa KOTopbix*, ^aate jihcth Cb o6T>HBJieHWMH, 6epe»CH0 
xpaHiuni h cicjia^UBajTb bi» crapoft 6aH^ 9 nocTaBinefica eMy no 
HacJit^cTBy otb poAHTeJieft. 

061* 3T02 yrpiOMOft, OAHHOKOft »H3HH Cpe^H THMHaaHCTOBT) 

xoaujio MHoro JiereHAapHbix r b paacKaaoBi. 

— CKynofi Hoprb! Co6aKH ^aace He nepacarb. Bufifferb HOHbH), 
cwb noOpeuierb-noOperaerb aa onaTb cnaTb... 

Asa rofla Haaaffb KyaHentOB'b Bucny»HJi , b neHcii). JKflajiH, 






K P 



K B T> 



TT0 Bblfljjerb BT> OTCTaBKy. BpaHfl THMHadiH) U JHeHHKOBX, 0HT> 
06UKH0BeHH0 roBopHjn>: 

— flocjiyacy ao neHcia, aa MaHyTbi He ocTaHycb bt> stomt> 
npoKJiHTOMi> aaBefleHia! 

Ho Bee TaKH ociajica. H, KaaceTca, He h3T> cKynocTH — no- 
3KHTb 6mjio HtMt, — a npocTO noTOMy, hto HeitynaCbiJio fl-feTb 
ce6tf, cTpamao 6hjio JioMaTb aacTUBmia $opMU saBefleuuaro 
nopaiiKa. H no npeacHeMy poBBbiMT>, pasMtpeaBbiM* maroML 
Bxo^aji-b oht* bt> yqaiejibCKyio poBao aa naTb Maayrb no mo- 
jihtbu, caaajica Ha cboM CTyjrb noa-b aepKaJioarb, BUHauaji t. 
cjiOHceaHbia BHeTBepo iuiaTOHeFrb h, THHceJio OTflyBaacb, Bum- 
pajrb norb cb cepAaTaro, nyxjiaro Jiaua. Ilpe nepBUXT* 8By- 
Kax-b KOJioKOJibHBKa, He T^paa hh ceKyHnw, BCTaBajrb, 6pajn> 
aeypHajrb h t&m'l ace HeToponjiHBHM'b, MeTOAaiecRHM'b maro&n* 
uiejit bt> KJiaccH. H Bcer.ua, npa bxo#1s Tyaa, obt> cJinmajrb 
npeaynpeacaaromee yqeaaKOB'b BocKJiauaaie: „Ko6eJib!" 

— EjBBCTBeBBoe... caMoe aaKoaaoe h„. caMoe ryMaHHOe. . 
ry-MaH-Hoe!.. cpeacTBo bt> noflo6Hhix:b cjiynaax'b— njieTb!— aa- 
KOBqaji-b KyaHeitoBi* hohth inanamaMii rojiocoM* h noxpacb 
nyxjiuM-b KyjiaKOMi* nepent cbobmt> hocomt>. 

— Hjih noacapnaa KHuiKa, -npaCaBBJTb BopmeBHTb. 

— ^a/BTO ocBtJKaerb! — pa^ocTHO noaxBaTHJTb CaTiomKa:— 
ho h njieTKa, KOHe<rao.,. nepeHocaTB uhjib OTCttfla (oht> npa- 
KocHyjica nepcTaMH ko a6y)— cioaa (oht> norjian&irb cefia no- 
HHace noacHHUH csa^a). 

A^opaaM'b o. aaKOHoyqaTejia He npoH3Bejn> Hajuieacamaro 
BnenaTJitaia hh Ha aapeKTopa, hh Ha yaHT&Jiefi. ABfcceHTifl 
BacajibeBHTb OAo6paTejibHO 3axHXHKajn>, ho, yBHA^BmH, hto 
AapeKTopb odaeTca cepbe3HHM , b h pacTepaHHMM'B, ceaaacb ace 
npeKpaTHJTb CMixx a H3o6pa3HJTb Ha cBoeMX jraitfi cyryCo 
cepbe3Hyio MHHy. 

~ Honpoiny r.r. KJiacCHHX'b HacTaBHHKOBb Ha nepeM^aarb 
aeacypaTb KaaeaoMy okojio cBoeroKJiacca,— CKa3ajn> aapeKTopi* 
TOHOM'b MarKaro npaKaaaHia: — a rr. npenoaaBaTeJieii — buxo- 
AHTb 3a naTb MHByrb «o 3B0HKa h ocTaHaBJiHBaTbca no nojio- 
MceHHaro cpoKa y flBepa KJiacca .. 

B3/ioxHyjm. Pacnopaaceaie 6hjio He h3t> npiaTHHXT>. Oho 
H36aBJiajio caMoro jjapeKTopa orb HenpiaTHOCTH jra^Hux* 

CTOJIKHOBeHifl H CTaBHJIO JIHIJOM'b K*b JIHIjy Cb B036y»CfleHH0ft 

TOJinofi y*MTejieM. y KysHeijoBa kejibKByjia Mucjib, aatcoHHO 
jih 3to pacnopaMceme, h oht> pimaJix HaBecTH cnpaBKH Bt 
cfiopHHKfe HcaeHKOBa. 

Ohi> B3ajn> KapTy - cTapyio, aaTacKaHHyio, aanujieHHyio Kap* 
xy MocKOBCKaro rocy^apcTBa XVII BtKa. OHa fiujia He6pe3Kao 
HaBepayTa Ha cKajiKH, nynajiacb, rpeMtjia, a hcjiobko fojjto 
HecTH ee. Eme aeyAodHte tfbtiio croaTb ct aefi bt» Koppimop't 



rroBHi Ann. 9 

nepeA** KJiaccoin, utaHX* nan* MHHyn>. H KyaHeuoFb <ryBcx- 
BOBajrb ct6fi CM'&niHHM'b, Korfla ocTaiiOBHJiCH nepe,m> iuecTUMi* 
kji&ccomt,, npHHCHMan oahoh pyrcofi kt> aenBOTy acypHajrb, a 
Apyroti H-feacHO o6hhbt> 3Ty 3anbuieHHyro orpoMHyio KapTy. 
Cpe^H raMa wojiOAbix-b, BflopoBbixt, bbohkhx'b tojiocobx, cpeAH 
irkHia h fluKiixt BoarjiacoB'B, flOHOcHBUiaxcH H3i> KJiacca, OHX 
caumajix « octpotu ma* coCofl: 

— IlIisuiaKi» 6h eMy Tenepb Ha rojioBy, — Hacroamifl 6u Pe- 

4^AH OblJTb,.. 

— B* apxeoaorHHecKOM'B Myaet cnpocHTb, whrb jih noAep- 
aaHaro... 

— A $nrypa noAXOAamaa... 

H cjiutua^ca xoxorb, ApyncHutt h aapaaiiTejibHuft. 

3tH OCTpOTJJ BHJIHCb HaA'B Ky3Hei^OBuM , b l KaffB Harjibia Myxa, 

noKycuBajiii t hhoS past BHHBajiHCb npuMO bt> cepAUe, u oho 
aaiewiajio* 6e3CHJibHHMT> HeroAOBaHiearb. 

— JXonoR KajuiHcTpaTal-KpHHajit AHKifi, (SapaHifl rojiocb, 
BHAtJuiflCb fiaa* BOJiHyiomHMca myMOMi». 

KyeEieuoBii yKopnaHeHHO orjiaHyjica no croponaM-b. Htn 

HHKOrO CO^yBCTByiOmHX'B B6JIH3H. KaJIJIHCTpaTT> CTOaJTB bt> ABe- 

paxi> Tpetbflro KJiacca, h bhaho 6ujio, Karcb oh'b BupaaaiejibHO 
rpoaHji-b Kosiy-TO najibueitfb. Okojio Hero pofiKo acajica MajieHb- 
Kifl KJiaccBK-b Hhhcob-b. HHcneKTop"L TpycJiHBO BurjiHAbiBajrb 
fl3T>-3a noBopoTa Ha JifccTHHuy. ^ajibme, nepeA'b naTbiarb KJiac- 
com-b, Tepaacb HeacHUMH oqepiaHiHMH bt> cyMepeHHoarb cBivrfc 
Koppupopaj TopnaJia yHHJiaa <|>Hrypa 93eJibMaHa. H Be3A r b h3t> 

KJiaCCOB-b BHCKaKHBajlH B*b nyCTOfi COJIHAHO-BHHMaTeJIbHblft Kop- 

pHAopt Becejiue, sbohko npHraromie kphkh, BspuBbi CMtxa, 
CTyFTb, 6apa6aHHaa TpeJib, atHBbie, 6ofiKie, HeyroMOHHue bbvkh 

MHOU 3KH3HH, CO CTOpOHH Ka3aBmieCH CMtlHHblMH H MUpHO- 
pfeSBHMH. 

npoaaeH^jiB 3bohokt>. I1phhhbt> cypoBo HenpeKJioHHbift BHA r i>, 
cjterica HacynHBmHCb, Ky3HeitoB'b Bomejn bt> KJiaccx. 

— KoCejib!— BHpBajica 0TKyAa-TO c6oKy npeAynpeAHTejib- 
Hufi BoarJiacb, KOTopufi BcerAa otfroHHJTb ero npa bxoa* b*b 
KJiaccu. 

Hto-to pasoM* rpoMHXHyjio, tohho cepAHTbifi abophhkb 
eCpocHJTb na nojTb Taacejiyro BasaHicy apobx. BcTajiH. H KorAa 
OHt Baoniejiii Ha Ka^eApy, oaaTb abophhicb mapaxHyji'b Cb 
paaMaxy raaaHKy apobt>: c6jih... 

— KorO HtTB? 

UpeacAe* fiHBajio, AeacypHHfi TopHajn> okojio Ka(|)eApH ei> 
6yMamK0fi h-% pyKt, cb BbipaHceHieM'b AOCTaTOHHOH no^THTeJib- 
ifoctif h fotobhocth Ha JiHi^t. Tenepb HHKoro He bhaho. flBHoe 
kt HaatpeHttoe HapyuieHie nopaAKa. 

— Koro atT'b? — CTporo dobtophji'l Ky3HeaoBt 



10 I. ft P B S B 1,. 

H3i> flajiBHaro yraa, otb neHKH, noAHa/ica pocjiufi MOJionoft 
HejioBtK'B bt> KypTK*6 6e3i> noaca, cb o6pocoiHM , B BOJiocaun 
noj,6opo,nKOM'b h MefljieHHO Ha^ajTB BwdapaTbca H3*b-3a naprb- 
Oitb 6e3T> Heo6xonnMOCTH utnjiHJica aa hux*b, rpoMbixajrb, 
L i ABHrajn> hxt> TaaoMi h Boo6me AfcMOHcrpHpoBajrb Ronnie- 
CKoe ycepztfe. y Ky3Hei(OBa Bee BHyTpn KHniao npa bha* stofo 
jioMaHJH, ho Haao 6hjio CAepacHBaTbca. 

~ IleTpoBt, — MpaHHO npo6acHJTB AeacypHHfi, tohho CTaen 
fit Bimy yHHTejiro oTcyTCTBie IleTpoBa. 

— I'm... ^chbothk'b, saaqurB, aafiojitjit? 

npeacA©, oCuKHOBeHHo Taia> Ha3UBaeMan MejiKOTa noompajia 
xuxmcaHbeM'B 3th octpoth. Ho Tenepb hhkto He yjiufiHyjica. 

— rjiyno!— paaAaaca BoaraacB cb KaareaTKH. 

— HeocTpoyMHo!— npufiaBHJi'B roaocb 6jiH«e ; 

— MojiqaTbl— KpHKHyjiT* Ky3HeuoBT>. 

OrnopiuiacB ABepb. Bi» KJiaccB cntinHO, cb npoBHHHBiimMiH 
bhaomtj, Boinejii* onoaAaBmifi yqeHMCB Coxop*B. Oapaacb He 
BCTptTUTbca B3vnanom> cb yHHTejieMx, oht> HanpaBHaca 6hjig 
kt> napTaMX. 

— CoxopB!— CTporo ocraHOBHJTB ero KysHeijoB-B. 

Oe-b He Jiio6vun> HHopoAqeB'B, ^hchaob'b" bt> oco6eHHOcra, a 
ptHKo nponycKajTB cjiyiaft 3aAaTb hmt> TpenKy. BcKJiOKOMeHHan 
BopoHafl uieBejiiopa Coxopa, BbiTapameHHbie, BJiaacHO <5jiecr&B- 
uiie rjia3a, KpynHufi ceMHTH^ecKiH hocb h ry6bi, B036yscAajiM 
bb eeMi) Tenepb caMyio HCKpeHHiOK) HeHaBHCTb. 

^ — IIOAH 3a ABepb... nOTOM'BBOfiAHB'BKJiaCCB... OCTaHOBHCb,.. 
M HOTfJIOUHCb yHHTeJIK). 

KysHe^B'B roBopujrb otphbucto, co 3HannTejiBHHMH nay- 
sawn. Coxop'b H3oGpa3HJTB Ha CBoeMi> JiHitt asyMJieme h cKa- 
aajn> HeAoyM'feBaiomHM'B tohom*b: 

— Ci» KaKofi cTaTH a 6yAy 9Ty KOMeAiro npoAtJiuBaxbl 
KyaaenoB'B q.acTO h rpoMKo Baconian hocomt*. 

— fl AOJiaceH'B Tpe6oBaTB orb yqeHHKOB'b b43Kjihbocth.,. 
Hqhsruu ohh KJiaHaTbca yHHTejiK), hjih h^tb? 

— H cb BaMH paciwiaHaJica,— CKasajix Coxopa, rphbh fly- 
ihokj, 

— IlpaBAy oht> roBopHTB?— ofiparajica BApyrB KysHeuoB-B 
k% KJiaccy. 

HacrpoenHaa BpaacA^fiHO KaamTKa KaRT> 6yAT0 npopsajiaci* 
h Apy^HO ■Baryfliuia: 

— IlpaBAy! 

ripaeoe naeio Ky3HeijoBa nepBHo aaAeprajiocB. Borh oaa, 
9ia TOJina, bto 6e3Hia6auiHoe CTaAO, y KOToparo h&tb — He to* 

*ITO HeCTM H COBtCTH, H-feTT* npOCTOH HOpHAO^HOCTU! A B'bQb 

qyTb He KaacAtifl hb^ uhx^ merojiaeTT* rpoMKHMH Jioaynrami, 
npeTeaAyeTii Ha oco6oe BHHMaHie kt> CBoefl nepcoHt, Tanxx ^ 



r 



ffomra ami. 11 

npejinojioacBTejiBHO— KaKie-TO aanancH, Tpe6yen> cepfleiHaro 
nonenemff h aaaee noy^aerb... H bc& npanwpy botch bt> iuiaurfc 
npHrfecHPBHHX'B, yrHeTeHHHX'B, sarytfjieHHHX'B. Ho hhkto, k-b 
coacaJi-feHiio, He nora6HerB, bc& RtinjiHByrb CjiaronojiyiHO, 
cxauyTx npoxBOCTaMH, o6roHflTB cbohxt* yraTejiefl, ex kom- 
(fopTOM-B ycaayTca Ha meio Hapoaa... 0, nocTHJioe yiHTejiBCKoe 
SeacHJiieL 

— ITpaBuy?— cracHyBt ay6H, tohkhmx, nnraamnM-B tojio- 
comt> ne^jieHHO 3aroBopHJii> Ky3HeB[0B'B:— BO-nepBbix'B, bh JiaceTe, 
roBopjj, ^to hokjiohhjihcb mhIj (oh"b npaacaJTB ojjhhb naJier^T* 
cBoefi Hyxjiofi pyKH), a bo-btophxt>, bh He HcnojraaeTe CBoero 
AOJira...— (owb npHHcajrb apyrofi najietvB). IIo3TOMy a Baanb 
cuthtb npiiKaaHBax): noflra boh*b, boSth bx KJiaccB h hokjio- 

HHTBCJL,. 

BJiaacnne rjiaaa Coxopa o6Bejni KJiaccB, KOTopnft BHJKHjja- 
Te:ibHo iipiiiHX'B. 9to HaoropoacHBineeca CeaMOJiBie npHKaauBajio 
esiy ynepeTbca h BHaepacaTB HaracKB. Coxopt onycTHJn> ro- 
jioBy h rjiyxo ocaaaJTB: 

— a ne noflfly... 

— Torjia noinejrB bohx! Cobc6m , b! 

JIhuo KyaHeiioBa <5hjio CarpoBo h CBrimmo. Pyica aepraaacb, 
cjiobho nopHBajiacB pasMaxHyTbca. Coxopa cb ycHJiiearB yjiu6- 
Hyjica h HeToponjiHBO, dapaacB coCjiiocth aoctohhctbo, bh- 
mejrb bbx KJiacca. KyaHeiioB'b flojiro iiojiqajrB, HHxrfejrB h oth- 
pajn> njiaTKOM^ jihiv>. 

— 3K-»HfloBCKaa Mopsa!— rpyaHO BHflHXHyjrB oht> otfjier- 
ia»miH cjioBa HeHaBHCTH h cTajrB paacKaauBaT^ ypoicb. 

Oh*b roBopHJTB Bcer.ua xopouio, HHTepecHO, ct> BHameM'B 
A&ia. Ero ctohjio nocjiymaTB, ho aajieico He Bet n ne Bcer/ia 
oiymaJiH. Tflt-TO aaaeico 6hjih mhcjih bthxx BpaacaefiHo Ha- 
CTpoeHHwx'B DHomeu. Kohhhjtb. Harayjica kt> acypHajiy. Ceft- 

TOCB BH30BeTB K0r0-HH6y£B. 

— HBam> KyabMHTL, no3BOJiBTe bhhth?.. 

KoHeHHo, 3to — Thhbkob'b. Bw\-b Henpn3HaHHaro rema. Hacy- 
hhjich, cmotphtb yrpxwo, totobx Ha rpyfiocTH. 

— C/rtuiafiTe TaKyio naieocTb. KjiaHflHTecB TaM-B cToporay. 
A bh hto ynoxpefiJiaeTe: BepTOHtra, hjih Ha6HBHHH? MoacerB, 
TpyfiKy? 

— KjiaHHTbca Mory, a KypaTb He Kypio,— MpanHo otb*t- 
CTByeTB Thabkobt*. 

— Tm... aa... Hy, H3BHHHTe b*b TaK0MT> cjiyna^... Iloaca- 

HyfiCTa, H3BHHHTe... 

— HBaH* KysBMHH'B, a He Mory OTBtqaTB ypona... 

— IlpuHiiHa? 

— ToJiOBa 6ojitJia... 

— H bh? Taicx. H bh Toace? Tpn, ^erape, mecTB nejio- 



12 W. K I' W I JB I. 

B*?n>... UlecTb HejioBtK-b! Hunero... IIo Tpa*HOBO& kojiohh* 
BaMi>, jipy3bH moh, nocTaBJiK). rojioBa, xchbotb h nponee... 
K*b neMy JiraTh, MOJioAbie jik>ah? 3to yHuamejibHO, 6eaiuioAHO, 
HenyacHO... IIo TpaaHOBoft KOJioHHt! Cajurrecb! 

Toraa ohh cTajiH BHpaacaTb npoTecrb. Taiei, Kaic* yMtwrb 
BfaipancaTb ero Jimiib Majib^HoiKu: cTynaJiu h ABurajra nap- 
TaMH, uiBupKajiH HoraMH, MunajiH, roroxajw. 

— 5KajioBaTbCH AHpeKTopy!— AOHOCHJiucb rjiyxie BoarJiacu 
uai) rjiy6uHH KJiacca:— uuib, 3a3Hajica! IIuxTHrB Ha* ABy- 
ctbojikh... C6mb cntcb!. 

3to HepBnpoBaJio. BuaBaHHUft kt> Raeejipt yHeHHKT> IIjio- 

XOBO OTB^aJTb H3T> pyiCb BOH'b CKBepHO, MflMJIHJTb H yJIH- 

6ajicH, upucjiymnBaacb kt> TOBapHmecKmrb 6oeBHMT> KJUHcairB. 
0, Bt^Han, H3HypHTejibHaff, MejiKaa Bofina yqeHHKOB'b c*b y<ra- 
TeJieMi>, ysiiTejia ct> yqeauKaMH, npHunxcanmaa h 03jio6jihk>- 
man, o6nJibHan KaBep3aMH, ocTpuifH yKoaatfH, atecTOKaa u 
6e3CMUCJieHHafl!.. 

— CicaHCHTe, noacajiyflcTa, ckojh>ko BaM* jrfcrb? 

TOHT> BOapOCa 6bUTb yCHJieHHO CHOKOfiHhlfl, HO H3BHT6JIb- 

HOCTb yace yjiaBUHBajiacb HytKHM* yxoifB IIjioxobo, h oh* 

HirOTOBHJICH KT> 60JD. 

— OcbMHaauaTb. 

— BapocjibiAt HejioB^K-b... CJiaBa Bory, Moxeers 6HTb, cRopo 
pa3CTaHeMca. HojiyHHiiib pacnncHofl jracrb.». Tpax^-Tapapar* — 
noA'b KpacHyro inanKy! 

— Hira, yBHAHMca eme Ha (Syaymifi roffb. HaAeacAH He 
repaiD. 

— Tmm... bh flyMaeTe? 5Kajib, ecjra TaMb. Ho cicaHCHTe, 
pajm Bora, ajih Hero, coCctbchho bh Hecjimecb saicb, b*b 
»tomx npeKpacHOM* 3aBe^eHiH? IloneMy bh He HcnojraaeTe 
cBoero AOJira? 

— A bh HTo-ace ayMaeie: Mofl jxojirb BaniH ypoKH y*nrrb? 

— llojiaraio. Moh h Apyrie. 3a hto ace bh xjiiCx *AHTe? 
San-feMiD? 

♦— Edimus, ut vivainus,— cojihaho citaaajrb IIjioxobo. 

Kjiaccb orjiymuTeJibHO aaxoxoTajrb. KjiaccuiecKaH yneHOCTb 
bt> ycxaxT) IIjioxobo 6biJia coBCbarb HeoacHAaHHoro Benjbx) h 
npoH3Bejia rJiy6oKO-KOMH4ecKoe BnenaurfeHie. 

PyKa Ky3HeuoBa onaTb aaaeprajiacb, h Chjio noxorae, hto 
oH-b BOT'b-BOT'b pa3MaxHeTca h yAaparb. Ho oht> He yAapHJTb. 
Offb Jiiiuib cica3ajrb TOHKHM'b, BnHBaiomMMca rojiocoMi>: 
. — #0 CBHAaHia, mojioaoA nejioBtK'b, 3Bt3Aa CyAymarol 
BoApysKaio BaM-b napoHKy... 

Oht> Harnyjica Kb »cypHajiy, BHCTaBHJii Kpyrreyio, »npHyi> 

TTBoidKy h, nojioacHB'b nepo, saroBopHjiTi, otipaxuancb k^ KJiaccy; 

IlyraeTt Hcajiofiofi AnpeKTopy? CxpaiUHO,. Ho hto o6iiabo 



i 

»HOBBE *HH 18 } 

40 OMepaeHia? Tt caMbie rocnoaa, KOToptie KpErearb Tenepb 
kt* KyjiaK-b, nocjrfc ypoKa noflxoaarb: „H3BHHHTe, noacaJiyucTa, 
dojitrae HHKorna He 6yay..." A eme Tpe6yrorb icb ce6fe ysa- 

KopoTeHBKift CopoKHH'B, iiojiyqHBmift eflHHHuy 3a oxicaai*, 

IIOAHHJICfl H CT> flOCTOHHCTBOM'b SaHBHJTb: 

— K% HHCJiy TaKHXT> a He npHHawieacy h acajioBaTbca He- 
npeir&HHO 6y#y! 

KysHemoBX Cbicxpo aoGarpoBlurb, saflepraji'b pyicofi u 

KpHKHyJIT*: 

— Boat h3t> KJiacca! 
Lia :um,t CopoKHHa H3o6pa3HJiocb BejiHROJitneoe aoctohb- 

CTBO, H OHT* CKaSaJTb XJiaAHOKpOBHO: 

— HanpacHo KpHHHTe... fl h TaKb yftay. A Bce-iaKH a 
»;iM p b CKaacy... 

— yfiapaflcH bohi>, roBopw Te6t! Hnwe... 

— C-iHffly. Si He rJiyxoft. A Bce-TaKH... 

— Boh*, Te6fc roBoparb! 
TojicTeHbKift CopoKHH'b, He Tepaa aocTOHHCTBa, Bbimejn> 

HecntmHUMH, HapoHHO 3aMeflJieHHHMH, maraMH H3t> KJiacca h 
rpoMKo xjnirayjrb ffBepbio. Cpasy B*b AByx'b yrjiax* KopoTKo, 
jtfuiaHHO aaroroTajiH, noTOMx kto-to 3aMbreajrb, eme kto-to 

CBECHyJTb. 

— H-Heroflafi! — apomenTajrb ejie cjihihho, noHTH aaftbi- 
xaacb, Ky3HeuoB*b. 

XIotomii, Taacejio nHXTa, norjiafffejrb Ha imaccb HtcicojibKo 
MrHoBeuift h, mapoico pa3CTaBHB , b pyKH, BOCKJiHKHyjrb rojro- 
com*, noJiHUM'b H3HeMoaceHia h OTHaama: 

— PacnHHTe iiena!.. Bora,., ctok),.. Ha-TeL JKecTOKOBHfiaoe 
pocciacKoe H)HoniecTBu! Haaeac^a oTenecTBa! PacnraaftL 



xvn 

Ha apyrofi aem*, c*b caMaro yTpa, nacrpoeHie 6hjio tpt- 
Boamoe h BHMCHAaTeJibHoe. JlHpeKTop'b yace He xoflHjrb no 
3ajr£ BeJiHHecTBeHHHMH maraMH, He BHTaniBajrb ycoBi», He 
OTKtuuBajTb Ha3aA*b roJiOBy. 

IlepBHe npH3HaKH peBOJiion;iOHHaro xapaKTepa o6Hapy«tH- 
jmcb bo BpeMH o6m;eii yipeHaeft mojihtbh. BanoniKa ct> Koji- 

JlUCTpaTOM'b TaHyJIH K03JIHHHMH roaocaMH: „H CjiarOCJIOBH jjo- 

CTOflHie TBoe... a A ctpue phah MOJiqajm. MajifcimH neperviflAbi- 
sajiHCb Meac^y co6ofi, nepeMHniBajracb h TpycjiHBO XHXHKajin. 
GTapmie CToajiH cojihaho, cepbeaHo h TJiy6oKO OeaMOMCTBo- 

3to yace naxao „*a6acroBKoit\ 



14 i k p io s o i.i. 

Haao 6hjio npnHHTB arfepH. Ho Kaicta? KaiCB ysHait: kto? 
Bt* kom'b KopeHB 3Jia? Bc&x'b ne npHTAHemb Kb oTBtxy: no- 
AHMyrB rBajiT'B, aaBoiorb, aanpoTecTyroTi). 

BbiJio ejiHHCTBeHHoe, Tpa^auioHHoe cpeflCTBo, KOTopoe bh- 

A'feJI'B B-B CBOHXT* pyRaXT> AHpeKTOp'B H BT> CnaCHTeJIBHOCTB KO- 

Toparo ne BtpHjrB: noTpetfoBaTB paaucKaHifl bhhobhbix'b no 
McxoAamea cjiyaceCHofi rpaAaiUH. Ohb npHKaaajrB HHcneK- 
Topy npo«3BecT« Aosname, HHcneKTop-b nepeAajrB 9to npHKa- 
3a Hie Ha H o;3HpaTejiHM , B. A rb oeH^HUMi* nopaAKOM-B boihjih bt> 
coiipiiKocHOBeHie cb HenpiHTejieM'B h HayraA* BBiXBaTMJiH 
Tpex-B r^aBHtix'B, no hxt> MuiHiio, arnTaiopoBX. 

Jlea 6hjih H3*b BToporo KJiacca -Be3naJioB'B h E^jikhh-b, 
Tpeiift mi* neTBepTaro— JIaBpoBi>. Bwjio yciaHOBJieHo GaBop- 

CKHMt, HTO Be3naJI0B'B H BftjIKHH'B 3JI0paflH0 XHXHKajIH BO 

BpeMJi ntflin 6aTK)iiiKH h pereHTa. A JlaBpoB-B, KaicB ofiHapy- 
fl /iceHO paacJi'&AOBameM'B JJeMeHTia OenaHBiHa, bo BpeMa mo- 

JTHTBU ^TO-TO rOBOpHJTB CTOHBUIHM'B CB HRM^ paAOATB TOBapH- 
maMl, M Ti yTBepflHTeJIBHO KHBaJIH Ha 3T0 TOJIOBOfi. 

— SanacaTB bt> KOHAyHTHtift acypHajTB,— cb BJioB'&mHM'B 
cnoKoiicTBieM'B npon3HecB AHpeKTop-B.— Pesojirouia: aoaobchtb 

ST* COB'feT&! 

K-b o6bi<moMy BpeMeHH co6pajracB y*raTejia. H y Bcfex r B Ha 
jrauax'B 6hjio HanncaHo OHCHAaHie ciopnpH30B'B. 3a naTB mh- 
nyn> ao 3B0HKa npHineji'B KysHeuoB-B. Oht> npnxoAHJTB Bcer^a 
bt> osuy nopy— hh MHHyTOH paHBuie, hh MimyTOH no3Hce. 
Mpa^uo a MOJi^a noAaB*B pyny cocjiyacHBijaM'B, oh^ ofipaTHJica 
k%> AHpeitTopy: 

— .floBoacy ao Bamero CB^AtHiH, KaicB HanajiBHHKa: ce- 
toahh, bb ABa naca ho^h, TOJina rHMHa3HCTOB'B 6HJia ko mh4 

BIj OKHa... 

II, ee AOKHAancB oTB'feTa, ohb OTouiejiB, c&jtb Ha cboS 
dyjit noAi* sepKajioM^, hojiojkhjtb nyxjibia jiaAOHH Haieojr&HH 
h unepiiJi'B He&iopraiomiH b3i\iiha , b EyAAH Ha ABepB. 

II3B fedie 6hjio HeoacHAaHHoe h T ipe3BfaiqaHH0e. H AnpeKTopx 
h yqmeJiH He 3HaJiH, hto CKa3aTB. Bt> BOofipaaceHia BApyrB 
Bupocb TaHHCTBeHHtiH, rpo3Hbifi HenpiflTejiB, KOToparo ao 
nocilvAH^ro BpeMeHH TpaKTOBajiH aobojibho npeHefipeaKHTeJiBHO, 
no^Tu ue saM^qaa ero chjim, npnacHMajiH h 03jio6jihjih. He- 
yacejiM BcfcM'B 6yAeT'B npeA'BHBjieH'B cnerB?.. 

— B'b ABa naca, roBopHTe?— cnpocHJii* HHcneKTop-B. 

— £a. 

— Tmm... MHoro no35Ke pa3ptnieHHaro BpeMeHH... 
HecneKTop'B cb rjiy6oKOH yKopH3Hofl KaqHyjii> CBoefi jim- 

cHHOti cnpaBa Haji'feBO h o6paTHO. 

— KorAa CTopoacB CTaJi"B hx*b ocTaHaBJiHBaTB, ohh eMy: 



i 



ttOBLIE AHH. 15 

w toojrra, noKa ufbjrbl 9to eme tojilko Hanajio! IIoroAH, He to 
eme 8$jHBnL* m 

KysHerjoBii yrpiOMO nocMOTptob Ha AHpeieropa h, Kaicb- 
6yATo t Mcnajii* ott> Hero onpaBAaTejibHbixx cjiobx. HAnpeKTopi> 
^yBCTBOBajix, hto Ha^o 6h ^rro-HnGyAb CKa3aTb, buhccth 
BtcKyio pesojiiouiK), ho MOJiqajrb h pacvrepaHHo ineBejrajrb 
ycaaitf. IIoToMt noinxoHbicy noBepHyjica h, He CKa3aBina hh 
c^ioBa, Kpa^yqacb yniejrb h3t> yHHTejibCKOM. 

3to 6lijio oTKpuToe npH3HaHie 6aHKpoTCTBa BJiacTH. HHcaeK- 
Topx ex OT^aHHHOH) ptoiHMOCTbK) cA'bJiaji'b nonbincy npoaBHTb 
Ha^ajibCTBeHHyro fl^HTejibHOCTb, xoTa 6h bt> BHAt dpeMJie- 
Hia Kh pascji^oBaHiro. 

— A 1T0, CTOpOHCb BaM'b He C006mHJTb KaKHX'B-HHfiyAb 

npR3HaKQB'b? Hjih (JmMHJiiiJ, MOHcen* 6biTb, He cjiurnajn> jih? — 

HaKJlOHHBUIlICb KB Ky3HeijOBy ft TaHHCTBeHHO HOHH3HB*b ro- 
JlOC^b, CnpGCHJTB OH*B. 

— Bt ABa naca hohh, roBopio BaM'b! KaaceTca, acHo? KaKie 
Taut npaaeaKH momcho pa3CMOTptTb?~ cb pa3ApaHteHieM , b CKa- 
aajiii KyaaeaoB-b. — Bt> ABa Haca ho^h! HeyacejiH He noHHMaeie? 
O^eBtfUHo, B-b jiionaHapia noAJiemu HanpaBJiajiacb... 

HHcneKTopi> noMoprajrb rjia3aMH, nodoajn>, MOjraa noBep- 
syjica h BumejTb. 

— Bt nepBUH pa3i> BCTptHaro TaKoro HHcneKTopa!— ct> 
pa3ZipaHceHieM'b CKa3ajn> Ky3HeuoBi> bt> npocipaHCTBo:— npH- 
TBopaeTca jiu oht> AypaKOMX, hjih TaKOH Ha caMourb A^Jit? 

— HtrL, 3T0 npnpoAHoe... orb Tocnofla,— cKa3aji*b o. aaKOHo- 
yiHTejib. 

Eu*e He npo3Beff&jrb 3BOHOK*b, a ohh bc& yate BbicTynnjra 
b-l hoxoat* h ocTaHOBHJHCb KaacAHfi npoTHBT* CBoero KJiacca. 
H Ha ypoKi KaacAbifl nyBCTBOBajrb ce6a Taieb, icaicb 6yAT0 

6HJTB BT> nepBUH pa3T> y HOBblXT) 3HaK0MnXT> BT> rOCTHX'b. 

Bcfe Aepasajiu ce6a ocropoacHO, ycHJieHHO b£hcjiubo h npeAy- 
npeAHTe^bHO. 

IlepBUH ^acb npomejn> CjiaronoJiy^HO. Ho 6iojiJieTeHb nepe- 
MtHM, ycTHO onyOjiHKOBaHHHH ^eMeHTieM-b CTenanuHeM'b, 6bun> 
TpeBQHcaaro coAepacaHia: H3i> HiecToro KJiacca b* KoppH^op-b 
BhiKariiJiH KaKie-TO CTpaHHbie npeAMeTH,— hto-to niapoo6pa3Hoe, 
xeMHoe, HeonpeA^JieHHoe, ho Aaio ru.ee ocHOBame npeanojiaraTb 
pa3pusHbie ceapaAU. ^eatypHBniift BHH3y KajiJiHdpaT'b cnpa- 
Tajica s ptmniejibHO 3aaBHBuiH, hto oht> bhh3t> He nofiAeT'b, 
ito CBoa 5M3Hb eMy AopoHce cjiy»c6H. Oh^ 3apa3Hjn> CBOHM'b 
dpaxoMX n imcneKTopa, aacfeBinaro y cefia bt> KafiHHeT'fe h 
06-bflBHBtnarocfl eojibHUM^, ho 6hjio ohcbhaho, hto oht> caMO- 
BOJibHO 3BaKyupoBajTb ce6a bt> 6e3onacHoe m^cto. Heqero a*- 
^a?b, AiipeKTop-b KOMaHAHpoBaJi'b Ha A03HaHie HaAaapaTejia 
CKBOpuoBa, Ckbopuobi* He 6e3i> KOJiefiauia cnycTUJlca 8^13^, 



U a. % t m & # b 1.. 

BT> KOppHflOp*, TpflCymHMHCfl pyKaMH B3flJTb B*B pyica fflapHKU 

h, iioa* cM-fexi* 6jiaroflymHO HacTpoeHHofl tojioh, croaBineii 
KpyroM^, y64AHJica, hto 3TO«o<SbiKHOBeHHHe mhkhihh HepHaro 
xjit6a. 

Ha BTopoft nepeMtob j^eifeHTift CrenaHHYB onyOJiHKOBaJTB ho- 
bhA 6K)juieTeHB. B* HeTBepTOMT* KJiacct paaAaJicH BbiCTplwn* Kto 
npon3BejrB ero — HensBicTHO, ho ^eiieHTiii CienaHHYB coCctbch- 
HUMii rjiaaaMH Bvmlurb, hto Bjuom* yrpoacaiome pa3 MaxuBa jtl 
peBOJibBepoM*B — BHflHMO, no aApecy ero, JJfiuemin CfenaHU- 
ra. IIpHBJieKJiH Kb OTBtTy BjiEOMa. Co3HaJicH cpaay: peBOJiBBe- 
poMT> paaMaxHBajrb, ho bto He n HacTOHiu,ifl a peBOJiBBep-B, a 
neHajrb. IIpeACTaBJieHHufi bb KaiecTB-fe BemecTBeHHaro Aoicaaa- 
TejibdBa, peBOJibBep-b-neHaJTB He 6bun> npH3HaHT> orHecTp-fejib- 
humx opyaeieM'B. ^oanaHO, hto BbiCTpiurB 6hjtb npoH3BeAeHB 

XJIOnyiUKOfl. IIpHKOCHOBeHHOCTb CBOK) KB BHCTpftjiy BJIK)M1» 

OTpauajTb. Bce-TaKH unpeKTopoifb 6uJia noaQ»eHa peaojirouui: 
apecTB Ha ABa laca. 

IIotom'b HacTynnjia tfojibnian nepeMtHa, caifun KpHTHiecieifl 
MOMeHT^. Hto6h npe^ynpe^HTb CKonjieme rHMHaaacTOBt, o6uk- 
HOBeHHO aaBTpaKaBHiHX'B bt> rHMHacTHiecKoft aajit, 6ujio wh- 
JiaHo pacnopaaceHie: KJiaccaM* BToporo BTaaca bhhs'b He cxo- 
jliiTb, hh»chhm , b— He ABJiflTbCfl HaBepx'B. RjiaCCHHM'B HaCTaBHH- 

KaMT> BMtHeHO 6bIJIO BT> 06fl3aHH0CTB Ha6jIK)CTH 3a nop£AKOMT>. 

TojioflHue h XMypue, ohh <5poAHJiH 6ezT> TOJiKy okojio cbohx* 
RjiaccoB'b. THMHaBucTH BeprfeJiHCB okojio hhxt>, cunajiH Bonpo- 
caMH, octph^h, HaAotflajia- Ho HacTpoenie 6ujio fijiaroflyniHoe, 
h peBOJiiouiefi, KaKT>-6y«TO, He naxjio. 

ToiTta KJiaCCHbie HaCTaBHHKH ptfflHJIHCB CaMOBOJIbHO GpOCHTB 

cboh no3Huin h nofirn Bt yHHTejibCKy» hohhtb Hafticy. 

— Hnqero, chokojhho, — roBopHJTB EopmeBHTB, Kaici* 6h 
oopaBAbiBaiicb. 

— Jlfi. b*ab.h rjiOTKy-To npoMOHHTB hcoCxoahmo, — npnfia- 
bhjii» rjiyxofi Hhm^oaopob^, jno6HBUiifl nuTB naft. 

— HHKaKoro 6poaceHiH yMOB*B He3airkTHO, — yBipaJTB hth- 

UeBHAHHM HbWOB'B. 

Ho kt> kohi^ nepeMtHH CHH3y aohccjihcb 3ByKH MHororo- 
jiocaro ntHia, rpoMKie, ApyatH0-B036yjKAeHHbie, BH3HBaiome- 
Becejiue. IloAMUBaioiiUH ptsBbifl phtm'b hxt> 6omko h sanopHO 
npofi'braji'b mhmo y^HTejibCKofi no Koppa^opy h 3BeHani,iiidH 

BOJIHaMH MHMOXOAOM'B yAapHJICH Bt ABepH. H 6bIJIO Wh HeM'B 

qTOTo yAaJioe, npodopHoe H/- sapasHTejiBHO-CMijioe... flaace 
0. AHApeii, BCJiyniaBHincB, ciaJi'B noMaxaBaTB b*b TaKTi> rojioBoft. 
He BUAepHcajii) h Ky3HeuoBi>, HaqaBniifi Bbi6HBaTb najibuaMii 
TaierB Ha KOJitHaxi>, KaKi> Ha 6apa6aH%... 

3a6biTaH iohoctb, paAOCTHo-caMOHaAtaHHan, 6oApaa, OKpti- 
jieHHaa kopotkhmh sojiothmh rpeaaMH, bi> 3thxt> BByKax'B npo- 



HOBHB $&*. 17 

OfcacaJia nepeA^ rjiaaaMH ycTajibixi., oTHJKejrtBiiunrb, yqmMHrB 
jiioiieii h BCKOJiuxHyjia co ah* pofiKHXT*, yHHUinx'B Aynrb 
CBtTJiyio 3u6b jo,aBHHXT> OHapoBaHifi H mhjiuh, CTapua ouihOku... 
0, ^yAHaa, ^aJieKafl, HeB03BpaTHaa MOJioAocTb! rat th?„ 

— A BpoAt KaK-b <5h Mapcejibe3a?— npHCJiyiuaBuiHCb, CKa- 
3a.ii. cb paAOCTHott yjiu6Kofi 4epHOMop , b. 

— Hjih „Bo OpaHLUK) ABa rpeHaAepa", — BUCKasaJTB iipeA- 
noJioateme 6aTK)iUKa. 

1L apHAep3KaBi> 6jiK>Ae*iK0, tohko2 <J>acTyjiofl tanluit 

M CMHpHO, m MyTKO h 6y-yjiy 
Jle-waTb, Kam> Ha crpawt, Bb rpo-6y... 

Bomejrb BdpeBoaceHHHH JJeMeHiifi CTenamm a TOponJiH- 
bo cKa3ajn>: 

— T. AHpeKTOpX npOCHTB KJiaCCHHX'b HaCTaBHHKOBb m> 
CBOHM'B KJiaccaMT>! 

— TAt 3to noiOT'b?— cnpocHJTb HepHOMop-b. 

— Bb rHMHacTHiecKofi 3aJit... dapiiiie KJiaccu... safipaJiac* 
h 6e3o6pa3HHqaK)TB... 

— A HTO nOIOTB? 

HeMeHTiu OrenaHHYB ckochjtb Ha cTopoHy cboh Bbipasw- 
TejiLHue inMuraiomie rjiaaa h CMymeHHo 0TBtTHjn>: 

— He Mory Ba\rB CKa3aTB, He pa3o6pajn>/ Ho, bhahmo, Karb 
MOBa, TaKT) h mothb*b He Toro... He cooTBtTCTByK)Ti» Bt yiefi- 
hom'b 3aBeAemn... 

— A bh $paHijy3CKifl AiaJiercrb MoaceTe paao6paTB?— cnpo- 
ciuiTb o. AHApeii. 

— fla TaK-b... Koe-HTO... Mepcn, napAOH*, nepMeTe Mya ac 
copnip'B... A bt* o6meM-B — CJia6*B. Bu-ace caMH, o. Ah ipefi, 
3aaeTe, KaKie ^paHixyau h3t> ceMHHapiH buxoaatb. 9x-xe-xe„. 
bot-b KaKoe BpeMfl noAouuio, o. AHApefiL no-HCTMHt bockjiuk- 
seinb: o, tempores, o, mora!.. Xotb 6h sbohoicb nocKopbii... 

3B0H0K1>, A*MCTBHTeJIBHO, BbipyHHJTB. riinHOTHHeeKOe aM- 

emie ero em,e He noTepajio chjih. 3aApe6e3»cajrB, noKpburb 
Bet 3Bj r KH, pa36nji , B uxi Ha 0TA*Jn>Hbie pyHeflKH h aarnajiii 

BL KJidCCH. 

xvm. 

KorAa 33ejibMaHT», Kapjn> OcKapHTb, irpHmejrB bt> mecTofi 
Kiraccb, 3a napTaMH CHAtJio HejioBiicB mecTB-ceMB, He Comb- 
ine. Hhkto He BdajTB npn ero BXOA'fe. Bet 3aHflTbi 6bura cbo- 
hmi> a*Jiomb: oahh 6ojiTajiH, ABoe "'iHTajiH raseTy, OAHHt, no- 
jioacuB'b rojioBy Ha napTy, HaniBajrB noxopoHHhiu iiapiin>. Bb 
meme nepBbix'B nam MHHyrB yqennKH bxoahjih bi> ioiaccx 
ao-oAUHOHK* h rpynnaMH» saT^Mx ohhtb BbixoAflJifl. Ha ape- 









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nojiaBaTejiH He o6pamajra BHHMama, Kaicb 6y^T0 ero h He (Shjio. 
HanpacHO Kapjrb OcicapNTb HtcKOJibKO pa3T> B3HBajn>: 

— ^eacypHbifi! aan-caTB, Koro HfrrbL 

HHKTO He OTKJIHKaJICH. 

Kapjrb OcKaptiH-b 6bun> bt> Tflrocraoarb HefloyBrfemH: npo- 
,D[OJi»caTb jih CHzitTb bt> KJiaccfc, ofipeicaa ce<5a Ha CMiuraoe h 
yiiH3HTejii>«oe nojioaeeme, hjih yHTH? Ho ecjiH yfira, — noflH- 
MeTca HiyMi, rBajirb h aaTtMi) HeMHHyeMO o6*bflCHeHie cb ah- 
peKTopoM-b, KOToparo 93ejibMaETB Cohjich. 

Bhaho, odaTbca... 

Ho hto ^tJiaTb? nepeBOflHTb vlzt> w TpHAijaTHjr&THeft BoftHti" 
HX'b He sacTaBHfflb, a HtMi> aaHHTb? Pa3Bt 3KCTeMnopajiift no- 
npo6oBaTb? XoTb ajih BHfly?.. 

— Tor.ua cA^JiaeMi MajieabKift nacbMeHHHH 3KCTeMnopa- 
jiifl... — TopxcecTBeHHO npoH3Hecb oht> BCJiyx-b. 

— HanpacHO, Kapjiyina!-— npo6acnjn> HeBHAHMbifl tojiocb. 

— Hto-o?.. 

Ktoto $HDKHyji'b. Baci> He 0T03BaJica. 

— no#n cb CBoeft KyxapKofl pa3roBap-Bafi! — CKa3ajn> ct> 

ffOCTOHHCTBOM'B KapJTb OCKapblH'B H BCTaJTb, 3aJI0HGHB'b pyKH 

8a cnnny. 

— Mo-M-n-cb h M'6-CflU , b!—pa3AtjibHO h BHynuneJibHO npo- 

B03rJiaCHJl'b OWb. 

— norojiH, Kapjiyma,— nporyflfcjrB onaTb HeBHAHMHft 6acB. 

— Hto-o?.. 

OnaTb kto-to (^wpKHyjiii. HeBH^HMHii 6acb He 0T03Bajica t 
ho Bt flpyroii CTopoet cepAHTbifl rojiocb cicasajrb: 

— Eme HHHero He npuroTOBHJin, a bh yacb flHKTyeTeL 

— Be3T> pa3roBopoB^! Baajrb pyqica h iimihh.! „Mo-M-ncb 
h Mi-caivb..." Bt> cKo6icax'b Han-caTb: „JIyHa." 

— Hto Tanoe „MoMncb"? 

— KaKofi rjiynift rocnoAHHB cnpamHBaerb? HsB^CTHufi 

BHfl-b COfiaHbeH nopOflH... CT> KpyrJIHMT> MOpAOftTL H KypH0CHM1» 
HOCOMX... eCTb MOMnCb! 

— Moncb? 

— He pa3roBap-BaTb! 

93eJlbMaH'b OKHHyjTb BAOXHOBeHHUM'b B3rJiaA0M'b KJiaCCb H 

rpoMKO HanaJi^ AHKTOBaTb: 

— „0/lHa3KAH CblJTb TOJICTUH TyHHblH MOMHCb, KOTOpHft 
X0AHJ1T), KaiCb BC* MOMnCbl, Ha BCtXT) cbohxt> HeTBepHHKaxt..." 

— IloroAH, Kapjiyuia,— nporoBopHJi-b 6acb. 

— Mojib-naTb! fl noBTopflTb He HaMipeH-b! /Jajibme... „IIpH 
cB^TjioMTb jiyiiHOM^ ciani-6 oAHaMCAU nporyjiflTbca..." Si Bacb 
npouiy MOJib-naTb h n-caTb!.. 

— H 6oJibine HH^ero, — ycnoKOHTejibHO nporoBopHJiT* 6acb 
mi> noA3eMejiba. 



■OBUB AHH. 19 

— TJiynift ycaHT>— dopoAara h... 6ojibme HHHero!— cepAHTo 
nporoBopHJTb Kapjn> OcKapuYb. 

H Kor^a Bet BacMtajincb, aacM-fcajica h oht>, c^HTaa cbor) 
hocjt&ahk)bd penJiHKy o^eHb yAaHHOH. (IoTOMt HacTaJia minima, 

H 6bIJIO CJIHIHHO, KaiCB TA'fe-TO flaJieKO ntJIH— THXO, dpotlno H 

TaKt KpacuBO, hto xorfeaocb cjiyinaTb, He Hapymaa npnTaHB- 
niaroca MOJiqaaia. H BApyrb kt> 3T0My OTAaJieHHOMy ntHiK) 
npucoe^HHHJica bt> KJiacct CHa^ajia oahhb thxm roaoeb, no- 
TOM'b ffpyroft... 

— MoJib-HaTb! 9rb hto TaKoe?!— cTporo KpnKHyjrb Kapjrb 
OcKaptiTb. — Han-cajiH? /Jajibme: „Tyrb HaTKHyacH oht> Ha no- 
nepeHHHft poB*b h bmhpb!.." 

TaHHCTBeHHHft 6acB nporyA^Ji-b: 

— He cirfemH-JKe! 

— OnflTb paaroBopn? Bacb 3a 8T0 BbiKJiroHarb, eacejra a 
Baci> BoabMy 3a bhbopotl h noBeAy kt> HHcneKTopyl.. „ripnr- 

HyJI'B BaMT> TOTb TOJICTHK'b... 3T0TB TyHHHli MOMHCb... Hepe3*b 

poBX, flyaiaeTe bh?.." 

— KoHeHHo! 

— OcTaBJiK) Beet KJiaccb Ha Asa nacaL Hlwb! ^TTpnacoK-b 
ero 6ujn> cjihoikhmt> KpaTOKb... h ohx ynaJit bt> Hero TOJibKo 
no npHnHHt Taacejioft TyHHocTH cBOen..* 

3ByKH nfcHia c/rajra pocTH h npn6jiH»caTbca. Borb ohii yace 
coBcfeAfb 6jih3K0. Borb no KoppiiAopy, mhmo KJiacca, noTeKJia 
fljiHHHaa, necTpouBfeTHaa jieHTa 3H6jiK)iu;Hxca 3ByK0Bi>, npo- 
CTynajiH cothh Horb orb niyMHbiio> roBopoarb, cm^xomx, rrfe- 
HieM-B, KpHKOM'b... Bca ay^HTopia Kapjia OcKaptrea ct> paAO- 

CTHHM'b HiyMOM'b, CKa^KaMH MrHOBeHHO BHHeCJiaCb BT> KoppH- 

AopT> h yTOHyjia wh o6wfiWh Moryqearb noToicfe. 

KorAa oht> npoxoAHJTb bt> y^HTejibCKyio, oht* He y3Hajii> 
aKTOBoa 3aJiH. BucoKaa, bt> ABa 3Taaca, o6biKHOBeHHo nyciaa, 
MOJiqaJiHBaa, OHa Tenepb oacnjia, HanojiHHJiacb MOJioAHM-b uiy- 
MOMtj Becejio aftryAluia, 3aroBopnjia CTpaHHHM'b, MajionoHHT- 

HUMt, HO 6oflKHMT> H 3B0HKHM'b a3blK0M*b. B^ npiOTBOpeHHyH) 

Aeepb yHHTeJibCKoa BbirjiaAHBajra paciepaBoiieca h HenoyMt- 
Baiomie y^HTejia. Ka3ajiocb, ohh bt> nepBHH pas* bha&jih 3Ty 
naTwcoTeHHyio TOJiny K)Houiefi h A^rea. Bcfe Jiima 3HaK0Mhia. 
Bcfe ohh Ha nx*b .rjia3axT> pocjih — 3th BbicoKie, TOHKie, em;e 
He coBctM'b cjio»CHBmieca BejieHbie johoihh h njiOTHhie Mynca 

C*L ycaMH H Hl,eTHHHCTHMH nOAfiopOAKaMH, H nOApOCTKH HQT- 

BepTaro— naTaro KJiaccoBii, ycujiuBawuueca Tenepb 6biTb oco- 

6eHHO CepbeSHUMH, H BTOpOKJiaCCHMKH, CT> BeCeJIhIMH JIHUaMH, 

c% paAocTHo 6jiecTauj,HMH rjia3eHKaMH, niHtipaiomie noAT> ho- 
raM^i B3pocJibix , b... 

He ohh jih, 6biBajio, Topnajin bt> yraaxi>, nojiyqajin eAU; 
HimH> sajiHBajracb ropbKHMH cjie3aMH, npncTaBajiH cb ynpa- 

2» 



iO *. K F £L* K O B 1>. 

nraBaHiHHU?.. BuJia BJiacTb, 6buio 3HaneHie y BcbxT>, Aaace y 
rjiynaro, HeBlwicecTBeHHaro 3*e:ibMaHa. Kyjja Bee A-knocb?,. 
IIoHeMy Bflpyrb flfyrcKaa TOJina npio6p-feJia hobuh o6jihkt>, 

CTBJFE H63HaK0Ma H HeiTOHflTHa? OncyAa HeOJKH^aHHO Bbipocjia 

at Hen BTa HeacHo p-feiomaH, eABa omyniMaa cHJia, KOTOpaa 
nojiH&Jia ee Hajn> hhmh, ycTguihiMH u poGkhmh jijoabmm, otoab ti- 
ny Jia li cA^JiaJia nyacofi?.. 

Hyacott... CTaJio rpycTHo. He AocaAHo, a rpycTHO... Moacerb 
6uTh 9 n npeacne 3Ta A^TCKaa TOJiua He 6biJia hmt> Bt hojihoA 
M%pt (Jjih3kou h poAHou, JIk)6ujih ohh ee TaKT>, KaK*B canojK- 
miKi* judChtb canorn, KOTopwe Tanaerb una cbouxt> aaKaa^n- 

KOB'b: BCD 3KH3Hb, COrHyBUIHCb, CHAHTb Ha CTyJlfc, KOBHpaeTL 
UIHJIOM'b, CBHCTHTb ApaTBOli, CTyHHTb MOJIOTKOMTJ, HaBOAHTi 

fiGCK-b meTfcofi,— H30 Ana bt* AeHb o^Ha h Ta aee oTynjiaioinas 
pafioTa H3T>-3a KycKa xjitfia, noKa He H3H0CHTca rjiasa h He no- 
KpoDica peBMaTHHecKHMH y3JiaMii najibuu, noKa Becb He npn~ 
jxzvb B-b HeroflHOCTb. KaKaa yacb Tyrb Jiro6oBb!.. Ho ecTb ne- 
BH^iiMWfl hhth, KOTopua CBflBUBaioT'b ero cepAUe Cb 3epKajibHO- 
Gjieeramefi o6yBbio paBHOAyinHaro 3aica3qHKa, h6o OHa yHecjia 
rracrb ero TBop^ecTBa, ero TpyAa, 3a6orb, nacTb ero hch3he... 

TaKi> h ohh, yrpiOMwe, MejiKie peMecJieHHHKH, HenaBUAfl 
cboc peMecjio, jiRtfarb Bce-TaKH ero H3Atjiia... 

Ilocjit myMHaro h Ka3aBinaroca 6e3TOJiKOBHM'b roBopa 
KpiiKOB'b, npepeKaHifi h BcnuxHBaBuiaro Ha KopoTKie MOMeHTbi 
cwUxa BLurkflHJracb naTb HejiOBtfCb h nomjia B*b Ka6HHerb 
AHpe&CTopa. Ohh hijih, cJienca pncyacb cBoen MHccien, yBtpea- 
Hue Bb ce61* h cbohxtj TOBapnmax'b, KOTopue ctohjih 3a hhmu 

Apy^KHOH CT&HOH. A HXTb HaqaJIbHHK'b, HeAaBHO TaKofi BaxcHua, 

cii He^'caraeMbiM'b BejiH^ieM'b EepoH3HOCHBiniH caMbia o6hkhd- 
Bennwflj Aaace nycrbia cjioBa, Bbiuiejrb icb hhmt> Tenepb, 6jiJia- 
huh, cl Tpacymeioca rojioBofi, KOTopya) TmeTHo ycHJiHBa.ica 
nefacaTb 6oApo... 

Oht* nooieji'b 3a hhmh bi» 3ajry. ToBop-b cjierKa ctmxi>, ho- 
MHSHJiCfl, a cfepaa cT-fena, oxBaTHBHiaa ero noJiyKpyroMT>, CTsura 
HenpoHHuaeMo-njioTHofi h HenoABHHCHofl. Oht. CTaji-b roBopntb 
HMb. He 6hjio cjibimHO ero rojioca. Ohh noHHMajm JiHnib 
pofiKyio acecTHKyjiauiK) ero pyK^, npHrjiaiuaBUiyio hxi* pasoii- 

THCb, H 3ar0B0pHJIH BCfe paSOM-b, H SaCM'feHJIHCb. 

OH-b OTBeJTb AByXT> yHeHHKOB'b, CTOaBOlIIX'b Kl> HCMy BCtXb 

6mme, — cyiyjiaro, raxaro ocbMHKJiaccHHKa IltmexoAOBa, 
scerjia cepbe3Haro, ynacTie KOToparo bt> 3a6acT0BK-fe Ka3aJiocb 
irrpaHHUirB ao Heo6^acHHMOCTH, u Hocararo TypbeBa, Bonpo- 
<!i3Te,T!LH0 orjiaAWBaBuiaroca no CTopoHaMx. Oht> MarKO onpa- 
uiHBaji'b Hx-b h kpotko npeAJiarajii) yaajiHTbca m-b 3ajibi. Ho 
Wb OTB-ferb Ha 9to, ntmexoAOB'b jiHiiib noHcaji-b raeqaMH w 
yjujfiKofi Mo.iHajuaBaro oTKasa Aajix noHaTb, hto ii36paHHHJc 



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• HOBhIE £H1. 21 

ztHpeKTopoifb MaHeBp'b He qlwiecootfpaseH'b. A rypbeBi> npo- 
aojiacajn* BeprfeTb cbohmt> 6ojibniHM*b hocomt>, orJiajjHBaacb no 

CTOpOHaMT> H OHCHflaH HHCTpyKLjift H3T>-3a CnHHH- 

BOTB appKHHe KpHKH H3T> 3aAHHXT> pH/JOB* pa30MT> HO- 

t ihcb Ha ^npeKTopa. 

— IleTHuiioL IleTHuia na Kaeejipt!— cJiHtnajracb peBymie, 
KaKt bt> pynop^, Boarjiacw:— Ha Kaeeapt!.. BosbMHTe!.. 

— IleTimiK)! — noflXBaraJia imororoJioBaa h MHororojiocaa 
ctpaa crkna. 

— ...raijiiol — nocjrbflHHMa bt> 3Tomi> HiyMHOMT> aKKop^* 
npo3BeHtjiH TOHKie, cepe6pacTMe jrfeTCKie tojiochuikh. 

OrJiyineHHtifi h o6e3KypaateHHbift KpnKaMii, AHpeKTop-b 110- 
nomexb kt> Kaeeapt. He cobc&mt> onpaTHbift nojiyjwcrb ci> 

(jfjlOJieTOBbMH CTpOKaMH HepOBHHXT>, KpynHHXT> 6yKBT> B3rJTH- 

ayjn> Ha Hero, KaKT>-6yaT0, H3,zrbBaTeJibCKH. TaHJiocb hto-to 
cTpaniHoe, npoTHB03aKOHaoe, He pasptmeHnoe HHKaKHMH unp- 

KyJTflpaMH, HH KOHCfrHfleHUiaJIbHblMH nHCbMaMH, bt> araxx 

tJjiojieTOBHX'B nepnHJiax'b h B*b 3thxt> aaKJiiOHHTejibHwx'B bockjih- 
imejibHbix'b 3HaKaxT>. Bt> aym* AHpeKTopa Ha^ajiacb Taacejiaa 
6opb6a: npnKacaTbca jih kt> 9Toft npecTymiofi CyMaacrcfe bo hmh 
ycnoKoema yMOB*b h npeKpaiifeHia ckaHuajibHoft Hcropia, hjib 
oTBeprHyTb ee bo hmh 6yKBajibHaro HcnojiHema nowrfeflHaro 
npe^nucaHia ero n—CTBa? 

Oht> nocMOTpiurL b-b Hee, cnpaTaB'b pyKH bt> KapMaHu. 

B Ta»ejiufl rHerb Hamefi niKOJibHofi chctcmh, KOTopwfl 
ucnuTajn> h HcnbiTHBaerb KaacAbifi hs-b y^aiUHXca, 3acTaBJiflerb 
Had CMtJio n OTKpuTO cKa3aTb oneicaK>meMy nacb cepfle*HHMT> 
noneHeHieM'b Ha^aJibCTBy..." 

.Hajibme sanphiraJiH bt> rjra3ax'b 6yKBH h aiOBa, CTpaHHbia 

H t KHflaHBblfl, TaHBUUH B*b Cetft OCOGblfi, HenOHHTHHH CMHCJTb 

qero to Heajr&uiHaro, HeoSbiwaro... aaKanajincb, copBajiucb 

Cb CBOHX<b MtCTT* H nOHIJlH KpyJKHTbCa no BCeMy JIHCTy BT> 

GesmafiaoiHOM'b, H3A*BaTejibCK0M , b xopoBOJtfc. 
OH-b oToiueji'b. 

— neTHijiK)! neTMttfro.. — onaTb rapRHyjra apyacHHe bo*- 
rjiacu. 

— ...thuIk)!— noAXBaTHJiH HX'b necTpbie, SBeHamie rojioca 
wajiHmefi. 

H Ka3ajiocb, hto Kpannrb Bee— - crkHti, noTOJioKb, oKna, 

ilB^pH, HTO BOTb-BOTb COMKHyTCa RajTb ero TOJIOBOtf 3T0 

BJiacTHtie, HHKTyiontie kphkh, aaxJiecTHyrb ero, h npoH3oft^eT^ 
^to-to CTpaniBoe, HeoxciiAanHoe, hto noryCarb HaBtKH Bee 6ro 
cjjy3Ke6Hoe npeycntaHie, npio6ptieHHoe TpHAUaTHJiiTHaMH 

yCHJliHMH H yHHHCeHiHMH. 

CaMOo6jiaAaHie noKM^ajio ero. Oht> ManiHHaJibHo BepHy.Tica 
*'h Ea^eApi h npoTaHyjrb pyKy k% »tom v y yxcacHOMy JincTy. 



22 •. K P K) K B T>. 

o$$nuiajn>Ho-B*MWiHBOMy h xojioOTo-HacMtrajiHBOMy. Bsajr* 
ero ocTopoacno, KaicB paapHBHofl cHapaAb, h He BHaJTb, hto 

C*b HHM'B fltJiaTb... 

IIpejKHie naTb AenyTaTOB* oto^jiejihcb otb tojiiih ft no- 
Aohljih kt> HeMy CHOBa: 

— Cxapinie KJiaccH npocarb paaptuiHTb cxoAtcy. 

— SI... He bt> npaBt... 

Oht> He y3Hajrc> cBoero rojioca: kto-to po6Kifi, hbbhhhjd- 
injiica, pacTepaBuiiucH roBopajrb 3a Hero. 

— Bt> nporaBHOM'B cjiyiai, mh 3a nopaAorcb bt> KJiaccaxi* 
He pyqaeMCH... 

Oh-b Ha oaho MraoBeHie 3aAyteaJica. 

— CefiqacB,— CKaaaji'b oh* h ymejn> b*l yHHTejiBCKyro. 

— Ilpocarb paapiniHTb hm*l cxoAKy... 

Oht> yjibifiajicH pacTepanHofi yjin6K0ft, Tmerao CTapaact 
noKa3aTb 3toh rpynirfc cbohx'b noAHHHeHHNX'b, hto oh* eme 
He oKOHHaiejibHo jihihujich caMooSjiaaania h bojih. Ho hto-to 
acajiKoe, HeAoyMiBaiomee h OToponMoe 3ByqaJio bi> ero 
rojiocfe. 

y^iiTejiH CHfltjiH Mojpia, TpycjiHBO, BHaciiAaTejibHO. KaHCOTfi 

KaKI> 6yflTO BOCHpOH3BOHHJl'b B* yMfe CBOH rptxH H Huajit 
B03MOHCIiarO B03Me3AiH. OHH BCK) JKII3HB npHBblKJIH THyTbCfl 

h MOJisaTb, h6o bch) jkhshb hx* 6e3T> nomaAH rHyjiH h na- 
BHJiii. Ilo BpeMeHaMT), Bojibiio h neBOJibHO, ohh BHMemaJia 
CBoe yHHHcenie h rope% 6e30TpaAHoii hch3hh botb Ha 3THXt 
caMbix* irfcTax'b h H)Honiax'b, KOTopwe Tenepb hto-to Tpe6o- 

BaJIH, O HeMX-TO HiyM^JIH... H BOTT> He3aMliTHO Bupocjia HOBafl 

CHJia, KOTopan cornerb hx* eme 6ojite. H ohh MOJinaJin, ro- 
TOBHe npeTepntBaTb h rayTbca ao 6e3KOHe<raocTH. 

— Pa3ptuiHTb?-— cnpocHjn> AMpeKTop'b. 

Hhkto He OTBiiajTb. Jluuib CTapHH, 6jiaroAyniHHH Hepno- 
Mop"b CKa3ajn>: 

— HacTpoeme noBHineHHoe. OTKpiiTb 6u yarb KJianaH^,, 
IlycTb... 

H TaKb KaK-b bc6 MOjreajra, to AHpeKTop-b, npHHHMaa 9To 
MOJiiaHie 3a 3HaK*b corjiacia, Bbioiejrb h coo6mmrb AenyTaTaifb, 
^to cxoAKa pa3p*fenieHa neAarorHnecKHM'b coB'fcTOM'b. Oh* pis* 
mHJi'b, <ito Tenepb yAo6Hise A'biicTBOBaTb HMeHeMi> nejiarornie- 
CKaro coBtTa, a He eAUHOJiHHHo. H ToTnacb ace aenyTaThi cKa- 
3ajia eMy cnoKOHno-BtaJiHBO, ho ptimrrejibHo: 

— IlpocaT'b Bacb h Bcbxi) npenoAaBaTejiea h HaA3HpaTeJiefl 
He npncyTCTBOBaTb b* mirk. 

Ohi> Bbiinejn> h ocTaHopHJica bi> KopHflopi. BHAHa 6uJiaJiHmb 
nacTb aajiu. Cjihiuiajica uiyM-b; ryA^Jin, KaKi> ujMejiH, TOJiKajincs 
okojio KaeeApH. 

HtcKOJibKo Ao6poBOJibi;eB , b nojiHi^encKHX'B BHrHaJui MajieHb- 



KOBUB AH*. 23 

khxb. BpeMeeaMH mywb CMOJueajrB* pa3«aBajicH oahh*b tojiocb. 
Kaia> 6yATO h BHaKOMHfi, a HHKaicB He yxBaTHinb: neH? Yah- 

BHTeJlbHO KBlKT> HBMiiHflerB HX^b pa3CTOHHie... 

— CeMBHTb, nOCMOTpH-Ka, KTO 3T0 TOBOpHTb?.. 

CeMeH*B ocTopoMcao, 6okomb, BTHCHyjicfl bi> sajiy, ho ceiHacB 
»e 6hijn> aaMineHB. 

— nomeji-B boht>!— apyacHO aaKpiiqajiH Ha Hero. 

IIOTOM'B HtCKOJIbKO HeJIOBluCb BbUMIflHyJIH BT> KOppUUOpB. 

yBHAtBi> ffapeKTopa, cnpaTajracB. On^Tb buuijih AenyTaiBi h 

BtaCJIHBO BaHBHJIH: 

— Cofipame npocarB Bacb yAajiHTBca bt> KatfHHerB. 
J^HpeKTop'b MOJi^a noBepHyjica h MeAJieHHO noinejrb. HaKor- 

Aa h bo CH-fe He CHHJiocb eMy noAo6Haro ac^poma. H KaKB Bee 
8T0 bhihjio? HoieMy? Fjjfk TaflHbia npyacuHH? Kyaa jxbjiocb 
o6aame ero HaHajibHHiecKofi BJiacTH, HeAaBHO KaaaBineeca eMy 
caMOMy HecoKpyuiHMUM'b h He noAaeaeainHMB KOJie6aHiio? 

Jifia mjie Tpu paaa CA*JiaHa Cujia nonuTKa aarjinayTB bt> 
8aJiy h H3i> yqHTeJibCKofl. CaepBa BbiuiejiB 6aTioiHKa HOCTaHO- 
bhjich b*b ABepax-B aajibi cb yjibifiicofi SjiaropacnojioEteHia h 
Aaace yuKJienia Ha Jiaut. H-fecKOJibKO nejiOB'bK'B noAomjiH h 
BiauiHBo nonpocajiH ero yAajiHTBca bb y^HTejibCKyio. 

noTOMi> Hhm4)Oaopobt> cA*JiajrB bhab,hto eMy HaAO co6paxb 

TpeTbeKJiaCCHHKOBB, y KOTOpblX'B OHB 6blJIB KJiaCCHbiMB Ha- 
CTaBHHKOMB, H BOUieJTB bb 3ajiy. 

— Bohi>!.. Bo-ohb!!— paaaajiHCb BApyrb Apyacnwe, orjiyina- 
Te^bHue, HeroAyiomie KpiiKH,— oTBirB Ha TpHAijaTHJiiTHiOK) ace- 
CTOKyK) THpaHiK) nepcTBaro KJiaccHKa. 

Ilo6jitAa*BuiiH HwM(J)OAopoB'b, KorAa-TO rpo3a rHMHa3in, 
KOJiefijiiomHMHCH uiaraMH yHecB ce6a wd-b aajiu h, saJiHBLUuch 
cjieaaMH 6e3CMJibHaro HeroAOBania, noBaJiHJica Ha AHBanb bt> 

JTIMTeJIbCKOfl... 

IIunpofioBaji'B 6ujio HHcneKTopB OTKpuTb ABiepb bb aajiy cb 

npOTHBOHOJIOaCHOM CTOpOHH, — HpHUlJia BB TOJIOBy cqacuiMBaa 

.MiJCJib ocB-feaKHTb noMtmeHie, — ho omrrb ApyacHbie kphkh, ru- 

KaHbe, CMfcXT> BCTp*THJIH ero, H OHT> TpyCJIHBO HC^eBB... 

J\o iihth HacoB*b Beiepa aajia ocTaBajiacb bo BJiaA^Hin 6yu- 

TOBHJIHKOB1>. 



XIX. 

3a6acT0BaJiu bc* cpeAnia yie6HHH saBeAeHia ropoAa. 

Hanajiacb 6e3ajia6epHbie, ho Becejiue ahh. „3axBaTENMB 
npaBOMB" rHMHaaacTU yciaHOBHJin CBo6oAy cxoaoki> hotmIs- 
uhjih HomeHie (J)opMU. llpaxoA^JiH bt> rHMuasiio bb nHA-acaKaxi), 
KocoBopoTKaxi), bb CojibHiMXB cauoraxB. HiKOTopue Aaace ao- 



24 f. U9KH1 

(SfclJIH TAt-TO JIOXMaTHfl MaHA«ypCKiH mailKfl H, H6CM0Tpjf Ha 

Tenjioe BpeMH, merojiajia b*b hhx'b. 

Ha cxoAKaxx HaqiiHajiacb 6opb6a ch npaBUMt re^emeirs, 
ctopohhhkh KOToparo CTajiH noroBapHBaTb o tom*b, hto nopa 
6u npucTynaTB kt> aaHflTiflwrb, noica yquTeJin npacMHp-feJia h 
totobh cfltflaTb HerjiacHo MHoria ycTynKH. JlfeBue 6ujih He- 
npHMHpHMhi. Pe30Jiroi^iH— „He npncTynaTb icb 3aHHTiHMT> BnpeflB 
Ao yAOBJieTBopeHin Bcfext nyHKTOB'b neTHiua"— bt> nepBbie ahh 
HM'bJia 3a coGofi noAaBJiaromee 6ojibinnncTBO roJiocoBt. 

IleTHuia Tpe6oBajia w aKaAeMUHecKofl cbo6oa«", ,aBTOHOiciH" 
AJih CTapniaxt KJiaccoB-B, cbo6oah cxoaoicl, ij-fejiaro paAa ot- 
wfeffb: oTMtHbi BHtmKOJibHaro Ha^iopa, o6hckobt>, pacaeiaTbi- 
BaHia nnceMX, <J>opMH, otfaaaTejibHaro noctmeaia uepitBH, 6ajuib- 
hoh cucTeMbi, BBe^eHia jieKitfoHHaro cnocotfa npeaoAaBaaia, ne- 
pe^aqH 6n6jiioTeKH b-b pyKH yqeHHKOBi u t. a. 

Ehjih nyHKTH h o6t> ycTpaHeHin HtKOTopux'B npenoAasa- 
Tejieii. Bi> raMHaain Tpe6oBajm y^ajiema KyaueuoBa h KajuiH- 
CTpaTa OeHHKeoBa. 

HaqajibCTBO, noBHAHMOMy, oicoHHaTeJibHO pacTepajiocb h He 
aHaJio, hto AknaTb. SCAaJiH yica3aHi2 CBHine, ho tblht> AHnjio- 
Mara^ecKH MOJiqajia. HouuMajiH, icaicb-GyATo, hto dunneum aa- 
fiacTOBOK-B, oxBaraBoiyK) bck) y^amyroca PocciK), MyApeHO ocTa- 

HOBHTb UHpKyjiapOM'b. 

JIu6epaJibHaH nacTb y^HTejiefl npeflJTOjKHJia komupomhcch. 
HtKOTopwe nyHKTH neTHitfH oGtmaJiH BpeMeHHO yAOBJieTBopnTB, 

JIMfflb 6bl npHCTynHTb K-b aaHHTUUTB. ,HhH TpH rHMHaSHCTfal no- 

xoahjih Ha ypoKH, ho AepacajiH ce6a cJiaoiKOM'b cbo6oaho h 
HenpaHyacAeHHo: B*b KJiaccax-b KypHJiH, rpuajra noACOjmyxai 
BejiH rpoMorJiacHUH tiecfeau, npuxoAHJin h yxoAHjra, KorAa 
B3AyMaeTca, CBueoKa TpeTHpQBajiH y^HTejiefl... 

IIpaBHjibHHH daHATia npn TaKowb nopaAKt oicaaajracb He- 
bosmojkhh. IIonpo6oBajiH cocpeAOTOHHTb BmiMame Jinuib rar 
MJiaAiniix-b KJiaccax'b, MaxHyBX pyicoft Ha dapuiie. IIojiarajiH, 
too 3to Jierae. Ho KorAa MajiHum yBHA*JiH, hto hxi> oahh^cb 
tojibko aacTaBJiaioT'b pa6oTaTb, a cTapinie ryjiarorb, to hoahjijih 
HacToamin Cyarb: nepetfajiw qepHHJibHHim, bh6hjih BoceiibAe- 
can* Tpn deKJia, pa3opB8unH ceMb Kaprb h Gojrfee TpHAUaTH 
rpaBFopi. Ha ypoKaxT> Aep»cajiH cefia coBCfeifb KaKi> MaJieHbKie 
xyjinraiiu: ucniiCUBajiH M-knoMt h onJieBUBajin chhhh HeJiK)6n- 
mumi> y T 3iiTeJiHMi>, HiBupjuiH Wb HHX*b aceBaHOH 6yMaroH, KpH- 
najin, 6apa6aHHJiH... 

— 3to He rHMHasifl, a KaeaK^!— roBopnjrb co ctohojtb Bop- 
wfiBimi> Ha nepeMtHt (aHeKAOTOB*b Tenepb oh^ yace He pas- 
CKa3HBajn>):— KyAa mu HAeMT>? 

— KyAa mu npnuiJiH— botb hto HaAo cnpauiHBaTb!— roio- 

pHJIX H3MyHeHHU0, COBCiM'b fiojibHoi HepHOMop'b. 



i 



2 



— 0, Boace mo*, Bonce MOft! — B3HHxajn> o. An^pefl: — Bee 
pacurflOajiocB, HaqaabCTBO Bbinycrajio boshch, hh bo hto He 

XOTOTO BHHRaTb... 

— A BH XOrtJIH 6fcl, HT06bI OHO BHHKaJIO? — «eJIHHO BOC- 

KJiHKHyji'B KyBHeuoBT*.— Pa3Bt hjih Toro HanajibCTBo nocTaBJieHo, 
Trofiti eMy 6e3noKoHTL ce6a sthmh nycTaKaMH? 9to— rpaanaa 
pa6oTa.„ Tyrb Hy«HO MyacecTBO, qeeTHOCTB, coo6paaceHie... A 
HaqajibCTBO coB^aHO ajih hhctoA pa6oTH— apaTB niKypy cb Ha- / 

Enero (SpaTa! 

— JJa... aa, aa...— ycTaJiu»rb rojiocoM* corjianiajica HepHo- 
Mopi,, aanyMHHBHft h rpycTHtifl:— nucypy apaTb... ^a, KOHe^HO... 
HaqajibCTBo,~HTo6u rHyTb bt> jiyry... Kor^a floacHBenib ao Ta- 

KHX"b JltTB, KafCb H, TO BT> TOJIOBt— JIHffib BOCnOMHHaHlH. H 

roTb 6h ooto CBtTJioe, OTpanHoe... Eoace mo3, KaKHXT* nnpeK- 
TopoB'b Mfffc npnxonHJiocb BHaTb! H Bee BMHecb... Bt> HaManji^ 
6h.tl oiHBHb. y Hero Jiencia crHHJiH, cepnqe crHHJio, neHeHi. 
Towe t — Becb nporHHJTb HacKBoab. H paanpaacHTejieH'b 6ujit> no 
aocJitnHefi CTeneHH. Bt> nepBOM-b Kjiaccfe yqHjn>, homhio. Ka- 
Kofl-Hu6yjib pe6aTeH0RT> He noHHMaerb, oktb H3-b ce6a bhxo- 
jtnrb-,, HszrfeBaTbca HaHHerb: „Borb... oht> Tyrrb, Kaicb aepeBo... 
Hn^ero He noHHMaerb. Bu aafiTe eMy KapaH/janrb, oht> ero co- 
caTb HaqHerb. Ha, iiocochL" Cyerb eMy bt> porb KapaHjjanrb. 
„KapaHnaraa He xonerb... Hy, aaflHM-b eMy Kycoicb Maca, om> 
tro cocaTb 6yaerb"... Cyerb eMy KyKHiirb... \ 

HepaoMop'b rpycTHO ycMtxHyjica h noKanajrB rojiosoft. 

— A TO AKBHJIOHOBT> 6fcIJTB... C'b BH3HT0MT> H KT> HeMy HB- 

jiawcb, a ohb cnpamaBaerb: w 3aqtMT>? a ToBopio: 3acBHfltTejib- 
cTBoeaTb noTreme.— w I1omhhtch, a Bacb bt> rHMHaain BHiriwrb? 
Bb paaroBopt co mhoA Majio no93ia. Jly^uie B3ajin 6u 3HeHfly 
hjih O^acceio— TaMT> no33ia. nocHflijiH-OH flOMa h noHHTajiH— 
nojieante h npiaTHfce"... 

— Hto-kt*, 9to npaBHJibHO, — cKa3aji*b oao6pHTejibHO KyaHe- 

UOBTs — H OpHrHHaJIbHO... 

— XapaKTepncTHKH, 6biBaJio, okohhhbidhmi> nncajTb TaKia: 
B ocTajica TaKHNrb ate »haomt», KaKT> h 6bun>"... A BorbTenepb 
da aTHX'b opHrHHajioB*b Mbi pacnjiaqHBaeMca... Ha Hacb hjiio- 
forb, Kpanarb, cb rpa3b» Hac-b MioiaioT'b! 

HaKOHem>, hs-b OKpyra 6hjio nojiyqeHO cpaay Tpu unpny- 
aflpa: b% oflHOMii— rjiacHOM'B — npeanHCHBajiocb co3BaTb poflH- 
rejibCKoe coBtmaHie h cobm^ctho cb poAHrejiHMH BHpa6oiaTb 
srbpu kb npeKpam;eHiBD 6e3nopaAKOBx; jipyrofi— KOH<|)HAeHui- 
aJibHH^-TpefioBaji'B BUKaauBaTB TBep^ocTb npa noaaBJiemH 
fieaaopflAKOB'B, BHyinaTb Btpy h BtpHocTb othh3h* Hrocy^ap- 
ciBeHHOMy cTpo»; TpeTift— Toace cenpeTHWH — aanpemajii^ ynn- 
TejiaM-b noctmaTb ofimecTBeHHhia coCpaHia, rflt ocKopoiaiorb 
HtiioMi-TBO- Hapojuiaro npocBtmeHla. 



26 §. « P H) E B %. 

rTpHCTynHJIH KT> pOflHTeJILCKOM-b coB'fcmaHiaM'b. 

Sp-fejinme 6hjio necTpoe h opnrnHajibHoe. Bt> nepBOMT* sa- 
cfeAaHia npoH3omjio to, <rro npeACKa3biBajrB Ky3HeuoBT>: 6pa- 
HiiJiH yHHTejieii. KpHTHKa 6biJia p-fe3Kaa h He Bceraa aoica3a- 
TejibHan. OflHa hs-b poAHTejibHHUT> wb HepBHoS, B036yatAeHHOft 

p-t4H, IipOH3HeceHHOfl flpOXCamHM-B rOJIOCOMT>, 06BHHHJia flHpeK- 

Topa bt> tom-b, hto Hepe3T> Hero OHa HaatHJia nopoKt cepmta, 
paacTpoHJia HepBH h cTpaaaefb HenpepuBHHMH MHrpeHHMH. 
^HpeKTop'B otfHjrfejica h OTKa3aJiCH otb npeflctflaTejibCTBOBaHia 
bi, coBtmaHia. Onno3Hu,ioHHo HacTpoeHHbie poflHTejra Bbifipajra 
npCAcfe^aTejieM'B a^BOKaTa TJiaAHJiHHa. 

Ilpn hobomt* npeflct^aTeji'fe, bt> Ka^ecTB* po#HTejieft cTajra 
BHCTynaTb cobc6mt> 3eJieHhie iohodih, h toht> Ae6aT0B'b cpaay 

nO^HHJICfl ^0 HenpeflBHfltHHOft BblCOTbl. K)HHe KpHTUKH DIKOJIb- 
ElblXB DOp^KOB-b BB KOHU$ KOHtJOB'B ptSKO OfipyUIHBaJIHCb Ha 

Becb rocy^apcTBeHHMfi cipofi. HobhA npeAC&AaTeJib nonpo6o- 
Bajrb 6ujio odaHaBJiMBaTb He bt> Mtpy ribuiKHX'B opaTopoB*, 
ho 6biJTb ocBHCTaH-b. Pa3yM-beTca, ohb ceflqacb ace no<jyB- 
cTBOBajn> ce6a He3AopoBbiM*B h OTKaaajica otb npencfeAaTejib- 

CTBOBaHifl. 

OaJlH HCKaTb 3aMtCTHTeJIH. HO 3T0 0Ka3aJI0Cb fltJIOM'b He- 

jjerKHMT>/ OxoTHHKOB'b pyKOBOflHTb npemaMH ' He HaXOflHJIOCb. 
Bi> cpeAt poAHTejieft yace cjiamajica rjiyxoS npoTecTB npo- 
thbt> cpaTopoB'b, HaroHfliomHX'b BHe3anHbifi o3Ho6t> na upeAcfc- 

JiaTGJIfl. rHMHa3HCTH, KOTOpue ^flBOHHUNrb nopflAKOMT>" TO«e 

np< fipajincb bt> aajiy sacfeAama, cTajin KpanaTb: 

— KpaeBa! KpaeBa npencfe^aTejieM'b npocHTb! 

KpaeBB TOT^acb ace ofiparajica bb d'fercTBO. Ho B'B Beera- 
erojrfe Haraajia ero ny6jiHKa, oicpyacHJia h dajia ynpamnBaTb. 

— rocno.ua! HHKoraa bb 3KH3HH a He npeactflaTejibCTBO- 
BaJiB!— pacTepaHHO roBopnjrb KpaeBB, KpacHHff, Kairb paicb. 

— EloMHJiyflTe, KOMy ace, Katab He BaM'b? Btflb bh y hext* 
kjmhpb!— yxBaTHBi> ero 3a pyicy, ryAiwn> cofiopHbift npoTO- 

AbflKOH'B. 

— #a h hto TyrB My^peHaro — npe^ctnaTejibCTBOBaTb? — 

aBTOpHTeTHUM'b TOHOKb rOBOpHJTb KaKO#-TO He3HaK0MHli CTy- 

jieHTB:— BH3UBaHTe no cnacKy opaTopoBB, h nycTb ce6t tobo- 
Phtb Ha snopoBbe... 

— #a bu hx^ He yqHTe! Ohh BHarorb, — Boapaacaji'b 6opo- 
AaHB-(|)ejibA(|)e6ejib bb apTHjuiepiacKofl (^opait. 

YnpocHJiH. HoA'b annJio^HCMeHTH MOJioAeacn KpaeBB cfejiB 
bx npeAcfeAstTejibCKoe Kpecjio h apoacamuMi* rojiocoM*B cna- 
aauB: 

— Ha o^epeAH BonpocB 06* otm^h* 6ajiJibH0tt chctcmh. 
Cjiobo npHHanjieaeurb r. PHAHHKy. 

MajieHbfdfi Puahhkb, B'B CHHefl 6jiy3t h bhcokhxb cano* 



HOBBIE JH1* 21 

rax*, 6eaycHfi, cl lepHbiarb nyuiKOM* Ha noatfopoAK*, BHmejrB 
Ha cpe^HHy sajiu, CKpecmjit pyKH h onycTHjrb rojiOBy. noTOMT* 
Hepeas* MHHyTy, noAHHJTb ee, o6Bejn> rjiaaaMH saTHxmyio ny6- 
aMKy h cscaaaJTB: 

— TpaawaHe! 

H CHOBa noTynmiCH. 

— Bca KiiS Majio MajibCKH mhcjihuuE HejioBtK^,—3aroBopHJn> 
OKb HaKoneiti), nocjii TOMHiejibHoii nayau, — Tenepb iiohh- 
Maen>,KOHeqHO, hto rjiaBHHM r b BHHOBHHKOM'b Hero^HocTH Hauieft 
mKOJiH ABJiaeTCH cymecTByromifl 6iopoKpaTHqecKiu CTpofl. Oht> 
HueHHO CA'bJiaJi'B Hat mKOJiH nojiaueHCKoe yqpejRAeme, BocnH- 
TbiBaiomee HacB He rpaacAaHaMH Poccin, a cyxHMH KaHuejiap- 

CRHMH HHHOBHHKaMH... 

— BHHOBaTB, — caiymeHHO aaMtTHJi-B npeActflaTeJiB: — no- 

8BOJn>Te BaMT> HailOMHHTb, hto BonpocB — o6t> OTM a &H ( & 6aJIII>HOft 

CHCTeMH... TaK-s KaKi> aaaucajiocb ceMHaA^Tb opaTopoBi>... 

— Si nepeiiAy... 

— noacajiyficTa! 

— HO Ha^O HCe'MHll MOTHBHpOBaTb... 

— Hejib3fl-Jin Kopone? CeMHaAUaTb 3annceft... 

— CJiymaro-cb... Bt> noJiHueficKofi inKOJrfe, rpaacAaHe, nncojib- 
Hoe HanajibCTBO npeejitAyerb h ciiCTeMaTuqecKH yfiHBaerb bch- 
Koe npoHBjieme acHBoii mhcjih. Koafy He3aaKOM , B rani neAa- 
rora — ^ejioBiica bt> cfryTJiflpt",— bck> cboio aaaaqy nojiararo- 
maro bt> noACJiymHBaHiH, noflCHHCHBamti, BbicjrkacHBaHiH, iioa- 
jiaBJiHBaHia?.* Si He HaaHBaro jihivb, ho kto He corjiacHTCH, qro 
oxpaHHoe omtJieme Bceraa moimio 6h nonojiHHTbca xots 6u 

H3T> 3/l-feUlHefi THMHa3iH A^TeJIbHUMH areHTaMH. He6e3bI3BtCT- 

huh JJfiuewTi& CTenaHuq'B /JecHHUHHL h ctojib ace noqTeHHofi 

H3b'feCTH0CTH rOCnOAHfl* OeHHKCOB'b, HJIH XOTb r. 6aB0p- 
CfOH... 

— BHHOBarb! — HaxMypHBnracb h cTapaacb roBopaTb tohomt* 
bosmohcho Cojrfce p'feinHTejibHhiM'b, ocTaHOBHJiT> opaTopa KpaeBT>:— 
oqeHb npoiny OTAtJibHUxt jiHHHOCTeft He KacaTbca... 

— IloqeMy ace?— aaaopHO cnpocajib Phahhicb, h MajieHbKaa 
<£nrypKa ero cTajia HanuMHHaTb epuia. 

— 3A*cb HAert oficyacAeaie Bonpoca 06^ OTMtHt 6aJiJibHOH 
crideMU, a bh TpaieryeTe coBvbwb HHyio TeMy... CeMHaAUaTb 
BannceH... 

— Xora 6h ceMHawaTb thchhT)! BonpocB HacTOJibKo Ba- 
«eH!b, hto BcecTopoHHee pa3CMOTptHie ero... 

— AjieiccaHAP'b IIeTpoBHqi>!— pa3AaJica tojiocb ^ecHHUHHa, 
B"B KOtopoM'b ABCTBeHHo cjiumajiacb o6aAa: — a cnpocme y 

HHX'b, y I\ PblAHHKa, KOMy OHH pOAHTeJIb? 3A*Cb cothh poah- 

xejiefl co6pajiHCb, a ohh BOBce— He poAHTejibl JlpxiQ h He poA- 

GTBeHHHKb HHKOMy... 



28 t. it r in * o n %. 

— BtpHo! y Hero h fffrreii-TO H*frn>!~ nocjiHmajtca oacecTO- 

TCHHblft, XpHnJIUH rOJIOCB OeHUKCOBa. 

— 8to coBepiueHHo cnpaBeflJiHBoe yKaaaHie! — 3aaBajn>, 
BCTaBaa cb MtcTa, 6jiaroo6pa3Hbift 6aTK)iUKa bt> sejieuoib pact: — 
mbi, poaaTejin, ci>txajiucb cio^a aaaee U3i> jiajibHHXi> yia.aoB'B, 
hto6h o6cyAHTb Bonpocu uikojiu h BoscTaHOBHTb nopaaoK'B 
A BMtcTO 3Toro BhiHyaeAeHH cayinaTb HeyM*peHHua, CKaaey 
Aaaee, HeyMtcTHbiH pb^u aejieHoa MOJioAeaca. Odparare Bauie 
BHUMame Ha sto, r. npeaciAaTejib... 

Kaicb-TO cpaay aamyMlwiH em,e HtcKOJibKO npoTecTyK)mHXi> 
tojiocob'b, h Hepe3i> MHHyTy bt> aajit CToajrB oacecToqeHHUft 
rBaJirB. PacTepflBuiiaca npeflcfcaa/rejiB nonpo6oBaJTB 6hjio sbo- 

HHTB B'B KOJIOKOJIbHHKTb, HO IiyCjIHKa OCTaBHJia CBOH M*bCTa, 

pasdnjiacb Ha rpynnu, cnopmia, Kpanajia, 6paHHJiacb, h cojiha- 
Haa aKTOBaa sajia CB ea CTporuMti nopipeTaMH Hirfuia Tenepb 

H3yMJieHH0-CK0H(|)yKeHHUH BHA'b* 

— HepHOcoTeHUu! — cjiuuiajincb kphkh CBepxy, H3B Koppu- 
aopa TpeTbHro aiaaca, HMfcBinaro oKHa bt> BaJiy. 

— IHnioHHL 

— Bu, MOJioaofi nejioBtK-b, 3th CJioBa HonoMHsrre! 

— A BH HTO? UlniOHX, HTO-JIb?.. 

— H3BHHHTe Cbl y MeHff CHH* B'B HeTBepTOM'b KJiaCCt H 

flBik flonepH. fl Mcejia», hto6h ohh jik>abmh 6hjih, a He maui- 
6epHunajiH... 

— Hhkto He inaji6epHHHaeTb. HiterB 6opb6a. B'B pa#H (Jo- 
piomefica apMin, bo "rjiaBi cb npojieTapiaTOMTb, BdynaiOTB Te- 
nepb h y^amieca. 

— Bm eme ~ KyirapB aeaeHbitf, mojioaoA qeaoB'&K'B, aa-cB! 
A a H3Tfc nocjitAHHX'B cHjn>, MOHcerb, MHycB... KaKie y MeHfl 
KanHTajiu? fl— upHKasHHK'B, copoK'B naTB pytfaeft acaJiOBaHba, 

H3T> nOCJTfeAHHX'B cpe^CTBT* THHyCB, HT06bI A^Tefl B'B JIIOffH BH- 

BecTb. . A bh eme, mohcho 0Ka3aTb, TpaBa... aa-CB. IIonoMHHTe 
nocjrfe Bania CJioBa na SToarb arfecTt... 

— IIo3BOJiBTe mh* cKasaTB, Baine faaropojiie, r. npeflct- 
AaTejiB! 

Bojibmod, tojicthh neJiOBtK-b B'B nHflmaKi BepfijiiOKBaro 
UBtTa neperHfiajica Hepe3-B ctojtb bi> CTopoHy KpaeBa. 

— Bee paBHO, hhkto He cjiyuiaerBl ' 

— HtTB, n03BOJIbTe. Si BaMB HMeHHO CKa3aTb... 

— Ilo 3T0My Boupocy? 

— CKa3aTb Boo6me. A«a CJioBa... Si He aajjepHcy-cB. R~~ 
nejioBtK'B npocTOH, 6aKajieHHi;uKT>... Si tojibko oaho: ^cejiaro, 
hto6u moh a*th o6fl3aieJibHO KaJKjtyH) uepKOBHyio cjry?K6y xo- 

AMJIH, KaK-B ICB OfitAHt, HHaHe TOBOpa KT> JIHTyprlH, TaKB H KO 

BceHoiuflofi. 0-6fl-3a-TeJU>-Ho! Bojtbm© unqero-cb... A ewivjia. ue 



Homiffc xhh 20 

irpHayrB, bh mh* jracnb ABa MOBa HepKHHTe, same tfjiaropo- 
Aie, h a hm-b, cyKHHWMi cbinaMTb, noKaacy-cb!.. 

— Mo3roBaH, yMCTBenHaa ciicTeMa, KafCb u $H3HHecKaa 
cTpyKTypa, Tpe6yen> nocroaHnaro ynpaacHeHia,— cjibimajica b*b 
ueHTpt oahoh rpynnu cojihahhh 6apuToin>: — npoAOJiacHTeab- 
Hoe yiwioHeHie fl cTopoHy orb 3Toro ynpaacHeHia Moacerb ra- 
6ejibHO 0T03BaTbCK Ha yMCTBeHHOM-b ypoB.rfe nojipacTaiomaro 
noKOJi^Hiji... H icaKT> Bpa<n>, Kaicb Apyrb mojioaokh, Bcero 
flyuiofi coqyBCTByiomifl eii, noHusiaiomiH 6;iaropoacTBo ea no- 
puBOB-b, a Bce-TaKii BbicKaauBarocb aa npeKpamesie aa6acTOBKH 
h BOBMoacHp CKop-feHiuee naHajio 3aHflTift... 

— B-feftb MajibHOHKofi 6ujvb — Hy, npocTO, jno6o iviHA'&Tb! — 
3BeHtjrB APB6e3>icamifii tojiocb HHCTeHbicaro ^ejiOBftqjca BT>cfepod 
HHAHcaHHOH napt:— Tuxifi, KaK-b caMaa raxaa BOAa.- Bodbxerb 
cafiKy, acyerb n Bee HaAT> khhhckoh cHAHrb... IlepeJitai b* 
naTbifi KJiaccb,— Kaicb no^MtHHJiw! Orb OKHa He nporoHHfflb... 

BepTHXBOCTKH 3TH, THMHa3HCTKH, UIMbirb-IHMbirjb.,. H ohi yac* 

xyrb, KaK'b Ko6ejiHiHKa KaKofl... H KHiiacicy 3a6pocHJn>L 

— Hy, xopoino. HbiHHe oAHoro BuraaTb, aaBTpa Apyroro... 
Tat ace bh yHHTeJiefi HaiiAeTe? — yBtmaiomuM-b tohom'b roBo- 
pHJi-b 6;iaroo6pa3HhiH iepen bt> TpeTbefi rpynnt. 

— Mu dyneHTOB'b npurJiacHM'b! — yBtpeHHO Boapaaeajn 

JWHHHHfi, TOHKlft rHMHaaUCTb. 

— A-a, 9to A^Jio... Ohm Hayiarb! 

— .ZJa yacb He xyace HaoiHX'b neAaroroB-b,.. 

— UccmotphmT)... HefloraaJMBH yqnTejiH. Ha hx*& Mtcrfe 
a 6h 3a6acTOBKy ycrpoHJix Aa Bctx-b Bacb Ha BTopofi roA^ bt» 
r&x*b ace KJiaccaxB. A Baxfewb Haurb 6parb, poAHTejib, Toace 
Bpo^t 3a6acTOBKH: He Aajn> 6h BaM*b HeA*Jibicy-ApyryiD oCt- 
flam.. nocMOTptJi-b 6u a TorAa Ha Ba<vbL 

— Ohh CTaparoTca HHcnpoBeprHyTb Hamy npaBocjiaBHy» 
pejuariio! — gt> oacecTOHeaieM'b xpHrrkirb bt> cBoefl rpynofe co- 
t iyBCTByiomHX , b KajijJucTpaT'b OeHUKCoBK — pejiHriio! H mu 6y- 
AeMT> hxt> cJiymaTb? Tyrb roBopujiocb npoTHBT> mchh. H Mean 
xoTHTb cyjiHTb... KTO-ace? OyAeHTii!.. A a saaBJiHio BaMB, hto 
MeHa npwrjiacMji'b ciOAa AwpeKTop-b h AaJi'b MHt npa BCTynae- 
fiiH Ha cjiyac6y HHCTpyKi^ia. 9th HHCTpyKiiia a h BhiaoaHaio, a 
Gojibuie a 3HaTb HiiKoro He xony! H cy^HTb MeHa ohh He 
HMtiorb npaBa, — TaKOBO Moe MHtHie, — hbu MeHa wb aTOMB 
HHKoraa He pa3y6feAHTel.. 

KpaeB* Hanaji'b 3B0HHTb onaTb h 3BOHHJi*b flo Ttx-b nopx, 
Bona o6m,ifi niyMi* HtcKOJibKo noHHSHJica. Torj^a oht> ptnin- 
TejitHHM'b TOHOMTb 3a£BnaT> o cBoeM*b OTKa3i orb npe^cbAa- 
TejibCTBOBama. OTKaaoj aTOTi* onaTb B036yAHJi , b CTpacTH. PuflH- 
TejiH nepeccopHJiHct Meac^y co6oh. EfepeBtcb ct«ujih 6paTb koh- 
cepBaTHBHbie ^jieMeHTbi — KynAH, Mtmafle, AyxoBeHCTBO. Hum ■$ 



80 *. KPDKOB*. 

6hjtx irpHrjiameH-b bt> npeAcfeaaTejiH CpaHAMeftcTep-b 3-fl^acia 
BacnjiLeBTj. Hobh3 npeAC&AaTeJib cefiqacb ace BJita-b he CTyjrb 
b OMcecTOHejmo Haqaji^ MOTaTb KOJiOKOJibqHKOM'b, nptiauBaa kt» 
nopjf AKy. Ho cjiyniajiacb njioxo. ilpyraa qacTb poAUTejreii Tpe- 
fioBajra, *ito6h npeAC&AaTejieM'b 6turb upHcaacHtifi noBipeHHHfl 
BoroHBJieHCKifi. Mojioneacb KpHHajia: 

— BacujibeB'b- ysypnaTop'bl JlflJioM 

Cfippxy, H3T> KoppHflopa TpeTburo 3Ta»ca, kto-to HanajrB 
(Spu3raTb boaoh. 3to 6ujia o6cTpyiujia rHMHaaHCTOBX. IIotomi* 
npiiHflJiucb racHTb jiaMnti. 3actAaHie 6hjio copBaeo. 

ttiopoe coBtiuaHie He cocioajiocb 3a HenpH6bn ie*rb yiHTe- 
Jieii. Ha Tpeibe abbjiocb oieHb Majio poAHTeJiefi. norrpofioBajra 
coBtmaHiH no KJiaccaMi*,— BtiniJia TpyAHO npHMHpHMaa paaHO- 
rojiorima: poAHTejin ceAbMoro KJiacca OTBeprJiH ^aBTOHOMiio* 
u npo^in Tpe6oBama nerauiH rHMHa3HCT0BT>, HacTanpajm Ha 
HPjie.a/ieHnux'b saHaiiax'b; poAHTejiH naTaro KJiacca BHCKaaa- 
jiucb aa asTOHOMiH), 3a jieKuioHHHfi cnoco6 , b, aa nponojraHTejib- 
HKii otjujxt, Aa6ti AaTb A'bTAM'B ycnoKOUTbca, h 3a nepesoAt 

BCtX'L 6e3T> 3K3aMeH0BT>. 

TaK-b TJiuyjiocB A*ao tfojibme Mtcaqa. HaKOHeirb, na?> oKpyra 
upniiuio npeAawcaHie: HeMeAJieHHO npncTyniiTb Kb 3aHHTiflMx; 
yqeiniKOBT), He Hcejiaioni.HX'b noA^HHHTbca ycTaHOBJieHHHMtTpe- 
fioBanburb nupHAKa, yBOJiHTb; ofiparao npaHHMaTb JMiHh no 
SKaaMeny. 

Tor^a k*l saHHTiaBfb aBHJiHCb bc*. 

Ho hto 3to 6hjih 3a saHHTia! no it eaciieMy, na yposan 
Kypujiu, urpajiH bt> KapTH, Jiymmm noACOJiayxa. npnxoAHJiH 
8 yxoAHJiii, KorAa B3AyMaeTca. Mepe3T> AeHb ycTpaiiBajmcb 

CXO^KU, BHHOCHBUlia COBC^M'b HeBfainOJIHHMbia pe30JH0lUH. 

y^aibca hhkto He xorfurb. QrafriaTb Ha ypoicax-b 0Tica3UBa- 
jiecl. Bea^ibe h npa3Anoe cJi0B0H3BepaceHie BoaseAefio Sujio 
BTb Ky t nLTb- ywrejia, no npeacHeMy, merojiajiH bt> licnucaH- 
hux-l MtjioM^L h onjieBaHHbix'b csaAH ^ropTyicax'b. Bee hojisjio 

Bp03fc-., 

HaqajibCTBo TpycjiHBo npaTajiocb h HCKaJio, Ha Koro 6u 
cnajniTb BUHy B'b npoacxoAamefl HeypaAHivk. HHCUHyaijiH n 
AQHocrb AtficTBOBajiH ct> 6e3npHM , fepHHM'b ycepAiewb. 

KaKi. to, BT> HaqaJit Man, A^peKTop-b onaTb nparjiacHJrb 
Kpaesa m* cboh KafinHerb h BejraqecTBeHHO-CTporiJM'b TOHOM'b 
oGpaTiiJTCH kt> HeMy: 

— H liMfeio cBtA*Hia, ito Bacb noctmarorb niMHasHcxH 

CTapUJUX-b KJiaCCOBT>... 

— SaXOAflTT^ HtKOTOpHe. 

— KTO IIMeHHO? 

— OauiuiiJi He Haxoacy Hy«HHMi> HastiBaTb. 



■OBHB JHH. 

— Sflawrb, CHHTaeTe HyacHHMT> cicpHBaTb? 9to Kaicx-para 
to, ito a npeanojiarajrb... 

— KoHcnapauia?— yjiutfaacb, cnpocnjrb KpaeBi>. 
^HpeKTOpx He OTBtTHJii). KpaeB*b BCTajix, hto6w yiiTB. Kt> 

mkcjih o tomt>, hto eMy npnaeTca paacTaiLCH cb rHMaaateii 
oh-b yace npHBHKt h ct> HeTepirfeHieMT> acaaJibKOHijayqeGfiaro 
roaa, A™oc<J>epa raMHasiff CTaHOBHJiacb HeBUHocHMoio. 

— Si xorfejrb 6u Baci> eme cnpocHTb,— cicaaajrb ^HpeKTOp^ 

H6 COBCfeMT* p-feoiHTeJIbHO. 

— IlomajiyiicTa. 

— Ebuit jih bott> TaKofi $aKTT>?.. IlepeA^ Hanajioarb 6hb- 
mnx-b y Hacb 6e3nopaAKOBT> bh iejih no aajrfe, a yneHHKt 8-ro 
KJiacca BoroaBJieHCKiH noAomejrb Kb Baarb n, npHJioacHB-h jia- 
Konb k% ry6aMT>, cnpocnjrb hto-to, Ha hto bh otb^thjih yTRep- 
nare.ibHHMTj KHBKOM'b tojiobh. Kor^a ace HaxoAHBiniuca Tyrb 

ILOMOmHHK'B KJiaCCHMX'b HaCTaBHHKOB'b OeHHKCOB'b 06paTlIJICH 

c-b BonpocoM^b kt> BoroflBJieHCKOMy, o nearb oht> nepemeriTbi- 
BaeTCfl c-b y^HTejieM'b, to BoroaBJieHCKia eMy rpy6o otb^tujii: 
„hc Bain^ ;rrbjio u ... N 

Kpaenx sacM'fcaJica h CKaaajix: 

— Morjio 6biTb. 

— MMM-ry... xo-po-nio... 

16-ro Maa CTopoacb CeMeH^ Kjhokhh-b npHHecb Ha RBaprapy 
Kh Kpaesy KaaeHHbifl nanerb, kotophmt> flapeKTop'b yslyioM* 
jistJi-b craTcKaro coBtTHHKa KpaeBa o tomt>, hto noneqjmjih 
yqeOHaro OKpyra ocBo6o3K£aerb ero ex 1-ro iiojia orb aoji>k* 
hocth npeno^aBaTejia rHMHa3in,— no nponieHiio. 

— Bora noflJiocTb,— ct> floca#OK) npoMOJiBHjrb KpaeBK— no 
npomeiiija,. a a h He noaaBajrb HHKaKoro npouieHia!.. 



XX. 

— Hy, npomafi! Hay... 

ToHKaa aceHCKaa (jmrypa noaHHJiacb ct> AHBaHa. Bt> moji- 
qaJiBBOMt cyMepeqHOMT> nojiycB'feT'fe oHa Ka3ajiacb Bfainie, Jierie. 
HepiH JiHqa CTajia He3HaKOMH h Jianib yraflbiBajiocb B*b HHXb 

^ITO-TO 6jIH3KOe, MHJIOe... 

OHa noBTopajia nienoTOMx: 

— IIpomaM! 

H djiH3KO HaKJiOHHBmHCb Kb Jinuy KpaeBa, nojioauwia pyKH 
eMy na nJieHH. 3HaK0Mbifi apoMaTb violette de Parme n npiiKOC- 
HOBeeie ea KOJT&H-b pa36yAHJiH bt> Bewb Ha o,nno MrHoueHie 
6jin3Kia n AaJienia BocnoMHHaHia. HeyjiOBHMO GHCTpo MejibK- 
Hyjia Bet ero HeaoJiria cBaan, OKyTaHHbia jiernon noaTunecKofl 
AHMKuii. 0, MHJibia acenmnaii! Cnacnfio BaM*b sa KopoiKoe, 






38 h. ,K f R> k B X. 

cB*TJioe o6aame, yHOCHBmee otb cipuxt 6yAeHT> jkh3hh, 3 a 
cJia^Kia BOJiHeHia cepAUa, 3a CBoeo6pa3HyK) H3o6ptTaTeJibH{)cTb, 

H0BH3Hy f pHCICB, 3a MHJiyH) Baffiy JIOHCb!.. 

Oht> mojito B3HJTb ee 3a jiokth. Il(w?HHflflCb ero jiacK*, ona 
c*Jia kt> HeMy Ha koji^hh. IHeJircB kocJvtohkh JiacKOBO aanie- 
jiecriwi'B h HfoKHo Kocnyjrca ero JiHi;a, KorAa oHa oxBamjia 
pyKOM ero nieio. 

* — B^epa BenepoMTb a noAOiana kt> OKHy... y cocbgefi Ha 
pofljm kto-to arpajit. rpycTHHH TaKofi BajibCB... CyMepKH.* n 
a TaiCB njiaKajia!.. 

H KOTOa OHa npwacajiacB jihuom-b k-b ero men*, oht> no^iys- 
cTBOBaJii> Tenjihia cjieau h THxoe, potficoe BcxjiwmbiBaHbe. 

— Mhjihh cyMepKH! <H Taicb jiiotfHJia hxT)!.. HnKoraa He aa- 
6yny» Cwjih mh ct To6ofl y AjieKcta HBaHbina: caAHiCb TaKoft 
KponieHHMfi... h yaeHbKan p-fcHica... My3UKa AOJieTajia... Marfan, 
cTpofiHaa, HtHCHaa... H xor&jiocb hh o nem> ne ayMaTb... raxo 
ftbiinaTb h cjiyoiaTb npeicpacHyio 3kh3hb... 

KpaeB'B BanoxHyji'b. HpaBjia, 6ujio: h Taxifl, MeTraTejibHtjn 
Beiept, h KopoTKaa paAOCTB hchtb, He AyMaa hh o Heart... H 
npouiJio Bee, jihoib rpycTb odajiacb— 6e3MOJiBHaa h npoHnaa,., 

— 3to 6hjio flaBHO,— rpycTHo Kaqaa tojioboh, dajia Aeoa- 
MHpoBaTB OHa:— a 6e3COHHbia hohh, a AyMH?— Kaia> mhI* wyTRo 
Toraa, KaK'B mh* xoneica cHacrba!— Kaia> npouuioe 6jih3ko b 
mhjio...— 3to 6ujio a&bho. fl He homhk), Kor^a sto 6hjig? — 
MoacerB 6htb, HHKoroa?.. 

OHa B^pyrb ct> chjioA cacajia pyKaMH ero roJiOBy rf cxajia 
iX^jiOBaTb ee. 

— 0, moh Me^TaTejib, Aoporoa mo#, HeHarjiaAHHiiL He- 
y»ejra— KOHeivb? HeyaceJiH a 6ojibme HHKoraa He npHHCMyct 
kt> Te6t CeayMHO, aeaAHO, He 6yay ^yBCTBOBaTb okojio eefia 
tbok) TenjJOTy, TBoe cepzme?!. 

Bi> cociAflefi KOMHarfe nocjibimajracb Taacejibie mara Ba- 

CHJIbeBHbl. 

— Kb BaMT> eMHaancTH, 6apHHT>, — CKa3ajia OHa, A&KHKaTHo 
/ KamJiaHyB'B h He noKa3HBaacB H3T>-3a ABepn. 

Oht> Bdajix, noAHBJi'B Ha pyicax^ 9Ty 6*fejioKypyK), rH(5Kyio 
aceHmHHy h 6epe»cH0 nociaBHJi'B ee. OHa oTepjia rjia3a h pob- 
humi> roJiocoM'B CKa3aJia: 

— IIpoH^aH— Ha BOKsajix npitziy hjih HtrB,— He 3Haw, 
IlHniH noHame. Hepe3 , B Mtcau'B nodapaeMca yBHAiTbca. Hy + - 
bt> nocjitAHin pa3i>! 

OHa KptnKO h KopoTKo noivfeJioBajia ero bx vy6u h BHniJia. 
Ocrajica aanax^ violette de Panne h omymeHie bt> pynaxij mo- 
jiOAoro, rafiKaro Ttjia. KaKi> 6yaTo oTopBajiocb hto-to— lonoe, 
o(JB*aHHoe napaMH cjiaAKHX^ MyqeHia, Heoi;tHHMoe, OTopea- 
jiocb M noawbjio B'B CeaAHy neBoaBpaTHaro... OiomJia ^acit 



ITOBHB ahh 33 

mBBHE — cirfeTJiaa, nodTH^ecieaa nojioca ropaTOX'b yBJie^emfi, 
HeACffMX% MeTramfl h HaAewb... H HimorAa, nHKor^a yace He 
BepHeTca... 

BOIUJTH rflMHa3HCTH. 4 

KoMgaxa, KaaaBmaaca paHbine npocTopHOif, Tenepb, ex Bbi- 
iiBnHyTHMH Ha cepeflHHy HeMOAaHaMH h Kop3naaMrr, dajia no- 
xqahtl iia paarpoMJieHHHfi Jiarepb, bi> KOTopoM'b HerA'k 6ujio 
noBepayTLCH AecaTicy mojio^hx'b nocferaTejieii. 

Koe-KaKt pasM^CTHJiHCb. BacHJiheBHa BHecjia cB^icy. 

- HaftKy, rocnoAa? 

— Htrb, He 6e3noKoiSTecb. Mr Jiiiinb y3HaTb, cb KaKHMT> 
no^AOMT*? HamH Bet yace oTnpaBHJracb Ha BOKaa.TB. A mh 
BOTb aam.TH... y3HaTb... 

Otm KaiCB-6yn;TO erkcHajiacb ero, Majio roBopnJiH, 6ojibiue 
dOKamjiHBajiH. HyBCTBOBaJiacb bx hxt> B3rjifl^axi> h ptAKiixx 
cJiosaxt aacr&HHHBaa jiacKOBOdb u rpycib, hto-to Tenjioe, 
TporaT€JibHoe. naacioHep'b HBanoBx CKa3ajn>: 

— Ay Hacb Tpesora BHepa BuoiJia... Becb nancioH^ o6h- 
cKajiM! 

— Ara.- TaK'b BaM r b h aaAoL 

— ^tipeKTOpii, HHCneKTOp r b H ABKCeHTlfi BaCHJIbHTb... 

TpetbeKJiaccHHK'B oa^hx Hanucaji'b craxoTBopeHie, nocBfliijeH- 
Hoe Basit. KoHe^HO, He oneHb Baacnoe, ho... Bce-TaKH ecTb hto- 

TO... OTT> AyniH... BOTb OHX TaAfb 3T0 CBOHM^ TOBapiIIH,aMI> h 

■raTaerb,— b^ niBeHDiapcKOH cupaTajiHCb, —a ABKcenTiu Baciuib- 
htb no^KpaJTCH Ha UHnoHKax'bH ijanh-uapaab!— ,,A, ^orb oho, — 
roBopoTE,— OTKyfla Huerb... HHcaTejibCTBO-TO... Borb kto eMy 
cooSmaerb!.." Kb AHpeKTopy. Hy, AHpeKTopT> ceiiiacb me ao- 
irpocb: Kama CBifltHia, Koraa u aai^Mx coofiiuajiH? Haca Tp» 

ofiUCKHBBUlH... BOflTCfl, HTO BH HX'b OHHIUeTe... 

Thxo Bcfe aacMtajiHCb. 

— Hai* 3Toro acHO, • — CKa3ajn>, Ao6poAyuiHo ixocMbiiBancb 
fCpaeBt, — HTo cjiobo, He TOJibKO nenaTHoe, ho h imcaimoe, — 
CHJia, ii Aa^Ke TaKOii BejiaHeciBeHHuii lOnaTepTs, KaKi> naurb 
HHpeKTopx, npHxoAHTb b^ 6eanoKoiiCTBo otx oAaoro npn- 
apasa ea„ 

IIoMojr^aJiH. 3ByKH BeceHHaro Be j iepa, BMlscrb CB JiyimiCTOH 
npoxJiaAofi, Hepe3*b OTKpHTbia oKHa 3arjianyjiH Ha MiiHyncy bt> 
KOMaary; rrpo3BeH , fejri> pascbtirmTbiH ;rbTCKifl CMfexTb y uepKOB- 
hoS orpa^H, h, OTopBaBuiHCb, AOJieTtTia mi, ropojic^oro ca,aa 
KopoiKaa, Marnaa Tpejib Boemiaro opnecTpa. 

— HamH Bcfe acayrb cjioBa or-b Bact,— cKa3ajn> BoroHBJieH- 
ckLB HecMtJiHM'b roJiocoMT>:— 6yzi,eTe roBopirrb na BOK&urb? 

KpaeBi> oTpHuaTejibHO saKanaji^ rojiOBoii. 

— Ho^eMy? IlocJiiAHee cjiobo Bcer^a thki Aoporo... AOJiro 
aoMHHTM... H KaKt-TO ocofieHHO xoqercji nocjiyuiaTb ero! 

Jteittfpfc. Orjilwi* I. 3 



34 6. E v m K B T>. 

Botb mh 3HaJiH bbcb, no-cBoeMy .tuoChjih, h HaAo^ajiH, h orop- 
najin... Bee 6biBajio. He Bcer/ia yuiuiH ivIshhtb... 
roJiocB BoroaBJieHCKaro ctojtb rjiyme h rame. 

— H botT), bh ybaacaeTe, a mh ^yBCTByeMx, hto TepaeMT> 
cBoero HeaaM^HHMaro flpyra... 

BoroflBJieHCKii! Bapynb HaxMypHJica ii cmojiicb. KpaeBi* 
BCTajra, orjiaHyjica KpyroM^. IIaHcioHepT> Ma3aeBi>, aaacaBnincb 
B'B yrojioiCB, yace yrapajica njiaTKOMt. He acejiaa BH^aTB cbo- 
ero BOJraema, KpaeBT> KpaKHyji'B h npomejjca no KOMHarfc, 
ufauiaacB 3a HeMOAaim u KopsiiHu. 

— He yMiio a roBopHTB, — cicaaaji'B uHt, w rojiocb 6hjfi>, 
KaicB 6yAT0, He ero, cnnjiBiii h raxiH.-~KoHe<rao, xot&jiocb 6bi 
CKasaTB HTO-HHfiyAB, MHoroe xotIwiocb 6h CKa3aTb„. Kaicx 

tfOJIBHO OTpHBaTL Tfe HeBHflHMBia HHTH, KOTOpHfl KptllKO COeflH- 

BBibTb cepwe Moe cb BaMH... Kaia> bh mh* Bet aoponi h 

6JIH3KH... KaiCB XOTtJIOCB 6K BCTp1>THTB BaCT> KOrfla-HHfiyAB 

nocjit cnacTJiHBBiMH, CB060AHHMH, 60APHMH... Ho He yMlsro ro- 

BOpHTB! CJIOB'B y MeHfl TaKHXX HftT'B, KOTOpHH BHpa3HJIH 6h 

KaKT> pa3?> to, ^to a ^yBCTByio... 

OH!* CKpeCTHJITb pyKH H TJiy60KO B3H0XHyJTB. 

— Ckojibko pa3*B a MeHTaJTB h njiaicajrB o iituiaiomHX'B, 

apKHXTB CJIOBaX'B, MOry^HX'B H npOHHKHOBeHHHX'B! Ho TaKT> H 

He npHXOflHJiH ohh.,. H mbicjih Bee 6bijih Tania Cjikjsjmn, ko- 
jie6JiK>miaca, pofinia, 6e3CHJiBHBia.., H KpyroMx — cyxie TyMaHti, 
rpomeBaa apMia noJiycHTHX'B, TpycjinBNX'B Jiroaefi, a a bt> hxt> 

HHCJT&, JltHHBHH H JiyKaBMH pa6*B, MaJlO 06pa30BaHHBIH, ony- 

CTHBniifica, ufkuKO aepacaBniiiica 3a acajiKiii nojiyKOM$oprB 
20-ro HHCJia... Botb bh npnnuiH ko. mh* cb BaHiero TporaTejiB- 
hok) JiacKOK), cb TeiuiHM* coHyBCTBieMi), a coBtdB MeHa ceft- 
nacB rpnaerB: HHHero-To a fljja Bacx HacToamaro, HyatHaro, 
ccbHHaro He cjtfui&jrbL 

Ohh apyacHO aanpoTecTOBaJiH, noflHajracB, paao&TB 3aroBo- 

pHJIH, H HyBCTBOBaJIOCB B'B HX1> CMtHiaBfflHXCa BOCKJIHUaHiaX'B 

scejiaHie HBJiiiTBca B'B toh nJitHHiejiBHOfi ioHoiuecKofi jijo6bh h 
tfjiaro^apHOCTH, KOTopKa #ocTaH)Tca HejierKo h pfe^Ko bh- 
cKaaBiBaioTca. 

— Hy, xopoino! Hy t nycTB 6yfleTT> no BanieMy!— CKa3ajii> 
KpaeBX, CMymeHHHfi h pacTporaHHHfi, ocTaHOBHBniHGB cpe^ia 
KOimaTBi: — 6jiaroflapio... 6oJiBHioe BaMT> cnacHSoL Ho... oohtb 
bottb a nyTaiocB... Hto a xo^y cKaaaTb? TJa... boti* hto: ufr- 
hhtc to pliflKoe cnacTBe, KOTopoe BBinajio BaarB Ha .hojik),— 
cnacTBe y^HTBca, cnacTBe npio6mHTBca k'b coKpoBHinHHU'fe 

^eJIOBtHeCKHXTb SHaHiH, BaBOeBaHHUX'B TpyflOMT), JIHUieHiflM^ 

CTpaffamaMH MHJiJiiOHOB'b njOReib... OrpoMHoe h pi^Koe y Hact 
3T0 cnacTB©! ^.opoacuTe hmi, KaKi atnimeH OKa, Hcnojib3yHTe 
«r« TtKi, ^to6h nocji* H6 cTHAHTBca h He acajitub; TpyAH 



aotas abb. S» 

xect, pafioTaflTe, He TepafiTe flparoivfeHHaro BpeMeHa! He npiy- 
■jafixe cetfn kt> TyHen^CTBy, He yMHoacaflTe co6ofl hhcjio napa~ 
sHToa-h, 6opHTecb ct> pacnymeHHOCTbio, KOTopan TaRt jienco 
Geperb bt> mrfcH'b Baun> B03pacT*B. HcnuTyfiTe iracaHin, He #a- 
BafiTe sacnyrb y*iy, h * cepwa BauiH nycTi> fiyayrb Bceraa 
OTKpbiTH zuia Bcero fijiaropojiHaro, cnijiaro, BOBBHUieHHaro!.. 
He aa^HBaiiTe, hto npHKocHOBeHHocTb kt> o6pa30BaHiio CTaBHTX 
sacL bij pa/iti npHBHJierupoBaHHuxi> KJiaceoB-b, a ofipaaoBame 
aojiynaere bh HacHert Hbero-TO Heynlwiaro, <iepHaro, TaaeeJiar* 
TpyAa... nac^erb rfcx^ TeMHuxt Maccx, 

HbH pa6oTaiorb rpy6wH pyKH, 

ripe/lOCTaBHB'b nOHTHTe^bHO HaM'b 

Florpy>KaTbCH bt> HCKyccrBa, bt> HayKH, 
ripe/iaBarbCH Aiemairb h cTpacTHM*b... 

- 0, He 3a6uBaHTe 3Toro!— Kp-fenno CHCHMan pyicn, bockjihk- 
nyjrb OH'b ropmo m yMojifliome:— Moacerb 6uTb, BHine 9Tofi 
nankin, Buuie co3HawiH 8Toro HeonjiaTHaro AOJira nepeA'b Ha- 
pozioMTi HH^ero h H-feTi> ajih Hacb, pyccKHxi)... ,3,yMaio, hto 
elyrtL 

GeTL OCTaHOBHJICH, QXBaHeHHNH HyBCTBOMT> f 6e3UMaHHaro, 

ttocTop . eHHaro nopuBa, noabicitHBaa cjioBa, <rro6bi BHpaaHTb 
aeacHyjo, ho KaaaBmyiocH eMy BaacHOH MUCJib. 

— BtpoHTHO, eme AOJiro HyacHbi 6yAyrb hoabmhchhkh Ha- 
meaiy BapoAy... IIoabhhchhkh, ocBimaioiiue TepHHdbifi nyTb 
ero ki> 3aBoeBaHiK) cbo6oah h CHacTbH. H wb>rb Buuie noABHra, 
KBKb no^BHPb paAH HecHacTHaro HapoAa... „Hhrb jiyneaapH'fee 
B-fcfma", icaK r b BlsHeivb, 3a Hero npuHHTUM... H bh nojioacHTe 
act Bamii chjih Ha TpyA'B, kotophh eA'&iajrb 6h h3t> Bacb Ha- 

CTOflJH ( HX r b, He3aMtHHMUX'b pa60THHK0B'b flJIfl pOAUHH. TpyAX, 

TpyA'b h TpyA'B... npocB'bm.aHTe yM*b, BoopyacaHTe ero Mory- 
immi* opy3KieMi> 3HaHia... 6o/ipcTByMTe h BtpyfiTe!.. 

Oat onycTHJi'b rojioBy h Ao^ro MOjreajrb. Mojiqajra m ohh 
bc±, HecjiHCb HBflajiH MHrKie 3ByKH cojiflaTCKOfl nicHH h ray- 
iafl TpeJiL ropoACKOii i3AH. 

— THMHa3iH flaerb BaMi>, MoaceT'b 6biTb, oneHb HeMHoro. 
Hano, Bce-TaKH, yM'feTb B3flTb. Mh, BauiH yqnTejin, KOHeHHO, 
iijioxu, ho He cyjiHTe Hacb cynowb HeMHJiocTHBHM'b! CMapeHHaa 
yimeJibCKaH (J)Hrypa Hecerb TaKoii TH3KKiii rpyax, aaBHTt ee 
KJ> MaTyiHKt CHpOM 3eMJli TaKOH THeTb H He3aBiicamHX , b 06- 

cioflTeJibcTB'b, h 6eaa:ajiocTHofl Hyacffu, h 6e33am,HTH0CTH, qTO 
npn6aBJiJ3Tb K r b 9T0My BejiHKOMy rpysy em;e raacejiyio rapBD 
oryjibaoii 6paHH w criJiouiHoro ocysKAemn — He pbiuapcicoe 
AfcJio. He 6paHHTe BainHXT> y^HTejieH, rocno^a! IIocTapaHTecb 
nofliiib uxi> aojioaceHie, MbicjieHHO daHbTe &b Hero caMH hjiii 
b&nmxt poaHTejiea aocraBbTe, a aarfeMt aoname orjwflUBai- 

3* 



it> xi. tt i JO £ <* tt k. 

Teob Ha ce<5a, ceoa nocrpoace lipoBipaHTe, He flaB&HTe cG6i 
uoojia^KKii... II a TBepao B'fcpio, 4T0 BbiiiAyrb H3T> Bacb Hacio- 
auue rpaac^ane 6oflq,H, Hecrubie, cir&jme, 6e3i> CTpaxa n 

ynpeKa.. 0, KaKl> 6bl MH r fe XOTfejIOCb BCTpiTHTbCJI Cb B&MH Wh 

t* JiyniHia BpeMeua, BirvwuiyTB Ha Baci> xotb oahhmi, rjiaa- 

KOM-b H H3BliAaTb p'llAKOe yAOBOJIbCTBie, yflOBOJIbCTBlC bockjth- 

KHyTb-jie. cTtJAflCb, a cb ropAOCTbH): 

— „9to moh yHeuiiKiiL" 

Oh^ iiiHpoKHM'b ;icecTOM'b noBejrb KpyroM*b h yjiHfinyjica. 

— II H yBlipeii-B, 4T0 BpeMH 9T0 npuAOTB... IIOJIOmHM'b, « — 

Me4TaTejn>. Ho Kaiv'b qacro noclmjaiorb Mena 3th HeacHna h 
^yAeciMH rpe3H, Kain> BojmyiorL ohh cepAUe! KaKi> GyATo 
My3biKa... npaBo! T:u >. u KrwKeTca: Hrpaerb ahbhhh opKecTpt 

CTpoI'UHXL. HyAHHX'b 3BYK0BT>, HOG'feAHHX'b H paAOCTHHrb, 

nojiHHX'L aoByiJieii H;ae>iv.i,H ; cmIwiocth h ropAOCTH... A BCTpax- 
Heuibca 11— irivrh HH4eroL JIioGjik) a 3th Menu* h axon* 
$aHTacTU4eciciQ opicecTp'L! Hey^cejiH ont HHKoraa ae npo3By- 

4HT'b BT> fltHCTBIIT^JlbllOCTH?.. IIp03By4HT'b! 

Oll'b OKIiHy.Tb CBOHX'b FOCTeit Bonpocm , ejibHHM r b B3rjiaA0Ml>. 

Ohh rjiajitjiix na Hero M0Ji4a h BocTopaceHHo. 

— Hy, IIoiyiciBCKiii! „PooiTHHKH Ayxa"! . — citaaaJTb owh 
Beccjio. 

M ohh aa.rivin. Cnopna. poGico h thxo, noToarb cMiJrfefi. Mo- 
jioAHe rojioca cTa:in pociH, Kp-fcimyTb, 3anojiHHJirr cofiofi bch> 
KOMHaTy, lioAHiuiiRb h noHecjiHCb BTb MflrKifi, TenjiHii Be^epHifi 
Boaajxi,, Bu^KBaiomie u apirie. H iitcna o aeMjrk, o Tpefioraxi> 
ea, o 6inuk ;kii3hu BBynajia doApo h paAOCTHO... 

H 8Byi:n ea bcc 3iieu r kHu B-b ymaxt KpaeBa, AaJfte Kora& 
notaA'b orxuAHvi'b. llo ijjiai^opMi 3a hhm'b bcji^ai GfeKaim 
rHMiia3iiCTbi, 4to-to KpHHajiu. Maxajiu HJiaT04KaMH A^MiJ. Ilpo- 
dfcKajia ba^jih aeflTa a.neKTpH^ecKiix'b <|)0HapeH: 9T0 ropOffB 

yXOAHJll... FopOA^, BT> KOTOpOM'b OHX HOXOpOHHJI^ TpHHaAUaxh 

jrfrrL CBoen 5KH3HH... 

CacaJiocb h saApoacajio cepAue. JlynuiKXTb Jitrt }icii3HM 
yace h'Sti*. 

Upomaii, mhjiuh ii .cKyiHufi ropoA^!. 

6. KpKJilOBli. 



KapTHHKH TK)peMHOft 3KH3HH. 

(Ma* AHCiHHica 1906 r.). 



IT. 

K b h r m. 

CoGpaib sect danacb apaBCTBeHHtirb chat* h .nepacaTb cefia ul 
eacoBUxt pyRaeuuarb, He no3BOJiflfl ce61j nepecTynaTb npeAtjihi ca- 
itaro MtmaHCKiiri 6iaropa3yidifl, — botl moh neqia. Bi»TH)pbMt nejL.id 
pacnycstaTt.ca, xiH#pHTb h HepBHHqaTb... Pa3 , b BdynHB-b Ha stqtl 
ajTt t — He ocTanoBHfflbca h noKaTHmbca no HaKJOHHofl iijiockqctcl.. 

Ha aiOM'b C£0Jb3K0irb nyiH cnacaerb h uojwepjKHBaerb iimim. 
Ci Tofi nopEj, Kara bt> $opToqicy BnepBue noBtajio BecHOfi— hu'Itg 
cepbe3Hoe ne merb Ha yM*b. Rbjlagtcz noipe6HOCTb bt» (jjaaTamt- 

leCKOlTb, HeoCblKHOBeHHOMTi, HO B03M03CH0CTH BeCBJIOM'b, C"b XOpOlJ 

KoaqoitB, b^ qeM^-HH6yflb TaaoM'b, 17$ 6u co^epaaHie npeoa 
fla#& MbiCJibK) ii.iti, Jiyqme Bcero, MHCJib OTcyrcTBOBajia 6u. JKhml Bujma 
a nponoTHJi^ oiHHirb Maxoirb. Cb-saAHOcrbK) qHTaio yacacHu nepe 
so^b «ILoTona» CeHKeBHqa, rat Ha KajKAoE CTpaHHiji naTb up:i ;.ik 
qeaift, h repoa rajmi flo 6e3rptniH0CTH. Ho qxo y6nBaexi> h nmu- 
saerb CKy^y, — las* bto JToohha'b AupeeBi ci ero HUTbeirb it ipa 
ruqecRBHH HaTypaMH. Ob OTfipan^emeH'b, HCTHHHHWb oxBpameimMji. 
a nepeqHTaii'b Bacubi <&HBeficKaro hjjo cnxxnop'bHe Mory piininLUJ 
na <KpacHBifi Ciitai» f xoxa qHxaib fiojite Heqero. 

KHura yaacau no bh4idhocxh, oco6eHHo 6eJJiexpHCXHKa, lyj. 
yan> o rarieat h ayaiaxb Heqero, xoju>ko 6m ho HcnaqKaTb o EHirry 
iiife, Jioacsy, hoke. BHyxpa noqTH bch 6ejuieTpHcxnKa 33raiKei 

caUfJUH 6e3CMHCJieHHO-IliHHliqHbIMH HaAQHCHMH H pHCyHKaMH, ficfropbie 

npuHopaBJiHBaBDTCfl BTb HanSojrte xyflosecxBeHHHM'B h «qyBCTi;j 
HHM-b* jrhcxaarb xeKCTa. Hsplwta, BnpoqeMT), nonaaaroxca Hainan 
HHoro xap&Kxepa, Ha o6jlojkk4 o^aofl khhi-h, cpe^a 3a6opHofi auia- 
paryptz, a npoiea-b HiaHoe h 6e3rpaMOTHoe nocaaHie apecxaara &% 
uBoel sent— HicKOibKO oqc» TporaieJibHHX'b cxpoKx o tom* «tq 



38 



<> c « »• r h h v 



♦aaryGiut a cbo© aymy h Bacb. Aoporaa mob cynpyra, nycTMjrb c^ 
A^rum no iripy*. 

Booftme Ha^nHcn bi> xirpbMt .tftaaioTca p-fenraiejibBo aa Bcem* 
Moil dost Becb noKpurb Bwpi3aBBb]MB <J)aMBJriaMB m KJBiKaMH 3a- 
KJiioqeHHbix'b apecxaHTOB^. Ha ABepa — pa^ (JaMHjifi nojmTHnecKHX-b 
tft ofiosnaneBiearb ahb apecTa, «jitjia» h cTarefl yjioHeBia. Ha crb- 
Haxt, Ba okobboS paMi,— Ba Bcearb, Kpowfc napama (xapaKTepBo!) 
biiAHiJ uaanBCH, KOTopuxi* Be noraa yBBiTO»BTb BTOpaqaaa 3aKpacKa. 
Oco6eHHo oxotbo namyi-b Ba TaKBX'b Midax'b aie6ejiB h crfcB'b, 
Ort 3TB HaAnacii Be ctcopo 6poeaK)Tca bi> rjci3a, BanpHMtp'b, Ba BBy- 
TpeBeeS ivopoHt CHAtBia Ta6ypencB. Taan> a npoqe.Tb TaKyrocTpoiKy- 

Cb TpyauiTb BLIBeAeBHyK) TpHmKOfi XpOMHftTb, CHAtBfflHM'b B'b oah- 

uo^Kt *3a 3ejieBBXHKa> Bt 1897 roAy: «lla bojih a, Apy3ba, oiHBb 
(SuJi* uajio, sbctl npooflTaa 3aejia». #pyrofi apecTaBrb noApo6ao 
asBtrnaeit o Towb, <ito ob*b qncjHTca 3a cyji,e6num> cjitAOBaiejieM^ 
ua paarpoM'b qafiBO-KOJiOBiajibBofl jiaBKH... 

FoBopa o KBHraxT>, a 3a6ujn> ynoMBByib o nepeiracKt nocpeA- 
ctbomij wprb, xoTB bt> uoao6boA nepenwcKt bt> AaBBoe BpeMa Ba- 
An6H0<™ h« Bcrptqaerca, Tatcb uam> BByipeBBaa TiopeiiBaa noma 
ycoBepmeHtTBOBaBa. HepenHCKa BejieTca noc.itAOBaiejibHbiM'b 3anep- 
j£HHaHii?M% ByacBHx^ oyKBi* Ba cTpaBHjjt. TiM'b ase cnocoooarb bh- 
niyrca TanncTBeBBaro CMLicjia nocaaBia 6e3 r b oupeAtiieBBaro aApeca — 
npawo k% i iBTaTe:iio, BanpaMtpx: «HHTaTejib, Be Btpb, qTO y6ifln;a 
aafrfcrHert. HaKa3aBia 3a CBoeT npeciynjieBie. S B36iacajrL, bo Tenepb 
amy aa ijacoe ySificTBO. H — J^.> (<J)aMHJiia nojiBOCTbio). 

Mni Bopiacb j&xwrcz oqeBb AocaAHO, ito sa Tpa Micaija npe- 

OUBaBlB fit HOpbMt fl Be COCTaBBJTL, XOTB h mofl 6ei, BHTepeCByK) EOJI- 

jeKAiK},— KOJJieKUiK) BaAnacefi Ba KBaraxTb. cocTaBJieHiH nojiaofi eojt- 
aeKuiii, % e. o 3aBeceBia B'b TeipaAKy bc^x?* BaAnncefi— a ptqa SbiTb 
H8 m&trhi KaK'b noTOMy, mo bmh HcnempeBti Bet cTpaBHmj, Tam> 
oco6eBHo noTowy, hto 8to, oaBBbiM'b o6pa30M'b, H3HCKaBBHe o6pa3- 
ibkb 3a6opHofi jBTepaTyDH, H3yMHTejibBbie no pa3iiaxy ijHBHSMa. H 
ae 3Ty, EOBeqao, jBTepaTypy a pasyntio, xota Be coiiaiBaiocb, mo 
,pa Bpaqa-BCHxiaTpa oaa AOJiaraa CbiTb BBTepecBa qpe3BHqaflB0, TaKx 
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1 



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oht> BosBpamiii* ee. 

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ocTajibHue npoqecTb h BpeMeHH Hirb, na h Majio nonaTHO Aira 
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— A bh mh* noqaxafiTe! O^flOMy-TO Mffb CKyqno waiv 



fUTTHHKR TIDPEMHOft KH8HH 4S 

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— HpaBHTCJI. 

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V. 

H. a c t p o e h i a. 
12 Mapma. 
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44 m. o r o r r a h %. 

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Oahht> H3i> mohxt> codtoeft tosc aaBHO co6npaeTca cofira <r& jms, 
ho, k*b coftajrimiK), HHRaR* He MoacerB. 9to— 6oxrapHff& C., He- 
6e3U3BtcTHii]fl B r b ne^iaTH hoa* noqeTHtiirB HMeHCMt «BHAHaro anaH- 
TiopHCTa». Oht> HrpajiT) Ha ABa xarepa h, KaRt npo$ecciOHaiBHirt 
npeaaiejiB, — npeAaBajrB peBOjuoitfoHepoB'B mnHRairB, a mnHROB'B pe- 
Bo.iioi^ioHepaMx. TaR* no Kpafleeft Mtpt o newb roBopaTB. Ero not- 

MaJIH APy3KHHHHRH H XOrklH pa3CTp4jIflTB, HO OTHyCTHXH, BaT^afB HOlt- 

iiajH cboh 6paTbH-miiHRH h Tanxe xorbM paacTptjflTb, ho oh*b 

OTRyUHJICfl HtcROJIbRHMH rOJIOBaMH APytfHHHHROB'B. CtBT* MOS^y JkBJUSL 

dyjibflMH, oh-b o^yTHJica Meway AByMH peBOJibBepaMH. HojioiReHie He 
h3*b npiflTHbix^. ABaHTiopHCTy HyaceHi npocTop^: Ranepa AyniHTB ero 
aBaHTropy. H ocjih oh'b ao chx'b nop*B He comejrB <vb yMa, to bto 
tojibro roBoparb He B'B nojibsy 6ojirapcKaro HHTexJieRTa. 

Bt> TtopbMt ecTb H^cROJibRo «ono3opeHHbix r b». KpoM* 6ojrapHHa 
h TaraKe He6e3H3BicTHaro «qacTHaro noBtpeHHaro>, KOTopufi, Ka- 
aceTca, TmeTHO cTapaeica pea6nJiHTHpoBaTBCfl, ecTB eme HicROXBRO 
HecqacTHbix'B, caaSoBOiibHHX'B, 8anyraHHBix , B pa6oiax^, OTqacra cxy- 
qaflHbix'B, oTqacTH co3HaiejiBHHx^ npeAaiexeft... B'B oahoitb 6oxBmoBTB 
oy^ynieMT* npoueccfc 6yAei"B ^BrypapoBaTB oroBopeHHbifi TOBapnoiaMH 
pa6o*iift n. Ero c^HTajiH noqeaiy-TO y6wmwb; cjyx'b o ero CMepn 
6burb HacTOJbRO ynopHbrnrB, hto Ma»TB OTCjysHja no Hen* naHHXHxy* 
Bt> jvfcBcTBHTe.ibHOCTH oH'b 6ujtb apecTOBaffB. Kor^a sa6paiH ero to* 
BapHmefl, to ohh, HcnyraBmncB oOBHHeHia (wh oxpaHRi hitb, ro~ 

H64H0, rp03HJin pa3CTpf>J()MX), CrOBOpUJIHCb H ptmOJlH CBaJIHTB BCD 

OTBtTCTBeHHOcTB Ha «y6HTaro» II-Ba. CjrtAOBaTej© hhtb lexoBiRi 
Aajiii no^poOHbia h o6cTOflTejbELia noRa3anifl, h3*b ROTopuxi mowho 
3aoroqHTb, ^to rohoboaoitb Stun* n., ito oht> AepaaJTB HrB bcItb 
B'B e^0BLixT> pyKaBm^axT), qTo hoa'b yrpo3ofi ciiepTH, He BunycRafl 
H3-B pyR'B peBOJibBepa, oh^ 3acTaBJiflji , B hxi ctpohtb 6appaRaABi H 
0T6apaTb y nojuiitfH opyade, ^to oh'b caMi BepmHJTB cyA*B n pacnpaBy, 
lyxb He caMTb pa3CTptjiiiBaji , B h t. fl. h t. x* A ohh, mojii, 6uih 

TOJIbRO CJltnHMH OpyfliflMH B'B eiK) pyRaXX. B'B ffMlCTBHTeJIBHOCTH OffB 
6miT> pflAOBLIM'B Cpe^H HIIXT>, TaRHX*B SO pfl^OBLIX'B. B'B HaqaibHHKH 

ero npoH3Bejia TOJibRO MHMMan ciiepTB h orosopB TOBapnmeft. 

HacTynHJi'B aeHb 3aBepineHia cjit^CTBeHHaro npoH3BOACTBa. Ki 
ejrfsAOBaTejiK) noBejin Bcix'B cpaay, h... npeaaTejiH yBH^ajiH MepT- 

Bei^a, ROTOpblfi #aBHO yJKe 6bIJIl> B'B O^HOfi cb HHMH TH)pBMi. 

IlpoTOROJiu cii^cTBifl ^HTajiHCb cb ^acy xhh ao 11 ^ac, Beqepa. Bo 
Bcbx'B npoTOKOjiax'B, cpein xpyrHX'B HMem., Ha nepBOBTB HJiani ctohjio 
hmh* n., noAT* BciMH npoTOROJiaMH CTOHJio HMfl ero TOBapnmeft. Tojibro 

B'B OAHOM^ npOTOKOJlt HHRTO He 6tUTB HaaBaHi: 9T0TB npOTOROXB 

6uJVh noAnncaH'B II. 

— Mep3aBii;hi bij! Heroiai! ByA^T# bu xrpoRUTU, oiuohi! 3a 
5T0 bu Ha nan* naflittXH?.. 



*r?: 



M 



RAPTMHKH TIOPEMHOft flCHSHM 45 

CjrbAOBaTeAB pacRpn^ajicfl Ha II.: 

— KaKi» bbt ciiteTe pyraTbcn! il Bacb Jiemy saniero np^Ba 3Ha- 
ROMHTBca cb aoayMeHTaMH. H sa wxo bu nTb pyraeTe? Ohh noK^ajin 
bck) npaB^y. 9to tojtbko bbi saniipaeTecB. Ecjih 6i>i He bbt, — a .naimo 6li 
caiflCTBie 3aK0HqHjn>. 

HpeAaTejiH CHfliJiH 6fltwbie, tcaRTb cMepTb, a U. 6ojiBme HH^ero 
H1TB H6 npH6aBHi f L. 

fl ^HTajit nacbMo II. rt> oflitOMy m*b ero cocfcflefi, HanncaHHoe 
Ha flpyroft #eHB, wb rotopomx oh'b bcc bto pa3CKa3biBaerb. 3to He 

HHCbMO, BTO BOMB OTTOBHifl HSBtpHBHiarOCfl H npHCy^eHHarO K^ 

cMepTH ^ejiOBiKa,., fl uomhbo noTTH aocjiobho na*iaJio aToro jjiiiHHaro 
nocjiaHia, HanncaHHaro MajiorpaMOTHbm r b KpynHbiMt no*iepKOM r b: 

<JI,oporofi NN! Biepacb Bepny:iHPb mk nonhU) ott> cjrtioBaTeJifl, 
a a h noceflnacb cnacy y cTOJia He cnaBnra. Bcro to noqbicy h npo- 
njFaKajr&, Wb nepBufl pa3TE> Bt ;kh3hh peBy. 3a *ito ohh Menu npo- 
jajH, OKaaHHHe. A h hx'b c<MTajn> caMMMH jiy*iHiHMH TOBapamaMH. 
Tenepb, aoporoft NN, BncfcTb Mat Ha cepeBoqidk HenpeMinHO*... 

Bee bto oienb TjaaceJio... Hirb HH*iero MynpeHaro, ^to HepBH 
MHorHrt He BBiflepacHBarorb h *ito $ejib^inepy npiixo/uiTca oiraTb 
cb HHTbH) cKJiJHoqKaMH opoMy n BajiepbUHKH (ab^ naHan,eH TiopeM- 
Hott ameKH) b^ xaacfloft pyR'b. HaureMx $ojib^ruepi a yace nnca;rB. 
IIomhi), ito, cpaBHHBaa ero cb HexoBCKHM'b $cMbnmepbMb, a HaaBa;n> 
Haniero MeHBinHM'B hokjohhhkom'b Baxyca. CopoKa,a,iieBHbiii onbirb 
HHi>eKi^iH MHmbflKy jiOKaaajTL Mnh, naR'b acecTOKO a otuiioa.icjar. 

BbiBajio, CHHcy, niiray... Cjujiuhh oucTpue, myMnwe raarn: $e.Tb,n- 
mept b*b jho6oitb rpajiycfc ysiterb xo^HTb Clictpo. HaA3iipaTejiL -.^ 

EropoBt OTBopaerB #Bepi^ h bxoaht-b caw-b bt> Kanepy BCJituT, sa ■'* 

^ejiBAniepoM'B. EropoB'B cmotphtt> neo/i;o6pHTejibHC h flarae HicKOJibico •"% 

npe3pHTej[bH0, TaK'B KaK'b (Je.ubflinep'B HecoMBtHiio B r b rpaiiycaxi. n r 7 

Wb fioJibniHX'B. BapoqeMT), BO^Ka He 6biBaeT , B Hn^e 40 rpa.TycoB'L, a \> 

CB MeHHI^HHCKOfl TO^KH 3ptHifl 9T0 onacHaa TeMiiepaTypa. EropOB'f, -* 1 

saxo^HT'B He CTOJibKO BHpaanTb MOJi^ajiHBoe HeoAoopeHie, cKOJihKo no- 
nojB30BaTbca nannpocKofl. 

— A CTaKaHqHK'b'TO Bam r b uycToft. Mnxanjiv AHApeHqT*! fl BaM r r» 
nojioacy nanHpocoK'B... 

Oh"b oxotho 0Ka3HBaerb mh* 3Ty MejiKyio ycjyry, Sepen, cb iroiiKn 
Kopo6Ky h Tyro Ha6HBaerB moS CTaKanqiiKTi, 3aKypnnaeT , B caM'B w 
CTanoBHTca B"B ^Bepflxi*. K% cTasaH i iHKy TflneTCH ii (f)e.iLAni(^pn. Oitt> 

CHAHTB Ha MOefi KpOBaTH pH^OMTb CO MHOft, — B'"'.TMIOCTb, KuTupyR) OHT. 

ce6*fe nt)3BOJiflerB TO.ibKO b-b SKCTpeHHMX'B cjiyqaaxTi. 

— Xe-xe-xe... Cei^acB h ^yib ho yxepT, co cMtxy... 

— Mto Taaoe? 

— J& botx, MOO,— 'AOjikho 6biTb, {incarejib—TaRyFO rnryKy na- 
HHcajn»I. 3aMtqaTejibHo! Hiiinerb b-b 6ojibHiin,y aanncBy: <r-HV 
<J>eJB,ninepy, y mchh bi najiaii Ha KpoBaTH.. Htrb, Kau'B bto oth,? . 
Aa! B% Moefl najiaTi u bi. noexit xaiarb!.. n r rro mo.tt't>. np«ni- 



■I 

■4 



4fi M. C * P I H H V 

/mre MHt naTpii 6poMam. Xa-xa-xa!.. ^a! Ilpo kjoijob* «ttq-to: wh 
Moeft najnart. bt> mocm'b xajarij... KaaceTcn, TaKT>... saBesiicb ejh> 
nam,.. xa-xa-xaL He homhbo xopomo, TOJbKO oieHb CKJiatfHo, II, ro- 
bopht'b, upnmjiHTe, mh*b, roBopurb, HaTpn GpoMaTH... Bi^b Bor& na- 
me cthxii! ^ojracHO 6mtb nncaTcib. fl xorbjn nepeiracaTB, a Eosropt 
Haim, roBopHTL: «a, roBopHTb. ce6i B03bMy». 9xi>! A Ha.no 6w nepe- 
nBcaib.-. 

Ha^npaTeJib bbho HeflOBOJieffL. $ejibiunep'b bh^htb sto, a owh 
Ha^HpaTe.ieit oqeHb 6ohtch. Oht, fl-hjaerb cepbe3Hoe jihbo rt bbi- 

TaCICHBaeTT. CBOH HHCTpyMCHTH. 

O^Hoii n Tofl ace HrojiEoft, — npocTH ewnr Eoace,-— #a erne TynoE. 
oHTt roTOBi. nepeTHKaTb bcr) TiopbMy. PyKH y Hero flpoacaT-b, if a T02te 
nannHato rpeneTaTb. 

— A ne nepenpurHyTb „ih HaMt qepesi, oahhtj jjeHb? He Bcnphic- 
HyTt jih saBTpa?-- roBopro a cjia^KHifb tojiocomi, mto6m ne o6nntTb ero. 

— Ilo'ieMy ate-o/b? H cboh o6a3aHH0CTH SHaio! #, 3naeTe, 6hi- 

BajlO... 

HananpaTeJib OKOHiaiejibHO HeflOBOJieH'b h aaace yxo^Hrb. npnTBo- 
pBB'h ^Bepi^ *ejib^niep , b jryitaBO mh* noflMHTHBaerb n Haqimaera 
onepanjio. 

IIIbpoko pa3CTaBHBi> Bora pa^H ayqmaro paBHOBicia, oh* aatUH- 
frHBaexi. mh* Koacy nojbijaMii, hto oKaswBaeTcn Bcer^a, So.Jbate ca- 
niaro yko^h. Bti6paB'& MBHyiy coBepnieHHaro paBHOBicia Kopnyca. 
OHt HCttyciio BcaacHBaeT'b nrojiKy no caMbifi KOH'iHFrbinrTpHJja. Orroro jib, 
?to paeaoBtcie yace yTpaqeao, hjm OTToro, qTO uroJiEa ynnpaeicn bt> 

MOK G^HLTfl KOCTH, HO TOJbKO ffiBftKOCTb He HtfeTL. 

— Hto Tauoe? Hto 3a qoprb. Tm... 

Onii RHTacKHBaeTi> Hrojiny h npoSyerb innpnirb. LUrrpin^ 
a,tficTByerb ncnpaBHo: JKHflKOCTb o6pH3rHBaprb crfeHy. fl cBf>sa <vra- 
paiofb no^BecTH MHHy: 

— A to OTJioacHM'b ,n;o saBTpa: KaaceTca uunpnEfb Hcnopqce p b,„ 

— IIInpHij'b BcnopqeH r b?HiT , b-ci>! JJInpimt AtficTByeTi>HcnpaBn<h 
Cefiqacb Gy^eT^ totobo. 

Ha BCfldfi cjiy^afi b cTHCKHBaio sy6bi h CKpioqaBaio najibau Ha 
Horaxt, IlrojiKa bhobb BnnBaeTca, MumbaKi) bhobb He H^eit n 

BApyrt.» 0$$! BeCb MHfflbBIi'b $0HTaH0M r B JieTHTl* B1> $U3iOflUMirO 

^ejjbAmepa--. CiaBa Bory! Tenepb a KaaceTca CBoOoAeH^! Y $e;nauiepa 
tci'b rjraaa, TaKt KaKt B'b acH^ieocru HeMHoro KapoojiKii. fl .™>6e3no 
upeAOcraBMK) CBoii njiaTOK'b BbiTepexb rjia3a. 4>eJibAinep , b rqjitq Mop- 
raeT'L, Tperb, ho B'b saoioqeHie cHOBa npoOyerb ninpnu;^, noitep- 
fljBT» em Bsepx'L wrojiKoft. Cipya nojiQacHiejibuo BeJiHiiOJi'fenHa b no- 
tt&&d.eTh upuMO na .^aMHOBoe CTeoo, Koxopoe ^aeTT> TpemuHj. 

— Huqero, Ka3eHHoe,— ycnoEaHBaro a cMymeHHaro $eJn»ABiepa 
Tarb KaKt cTpyn xopoma, to onepaipa npoAOJiffiaeTOB. 

— CcfiqacB npHKOHqy, — BaaBJiaerb moS MyqHiejib. 

— TipB&aH3HBafiTe! — corjiamaiocb a yjiaBniHii'b rojra##i% 



I 



&AFTBHK0 TWPEMHOfl &H3HH. 47 

Ha 8Torb pa3T>, ycTaHOBKBt paBHOBicie, (jxbbAuiep'b Tapamim 
rjiasa Ha to m*cto Moeft pyitu, bi> KOTopoe xoqerb MeHanpHKOS'inrk 
h BApyrt, v pa30M , B Ki^aeTCH, Kaieb iiaryuiKa Ha Myxy, OAHOBpeaeHH* 
mnnjierL h npoHsaerb,— h Bee KOHqeHo. 

* ycntx'L npeAnpiHTia sacTaBJiaerb ero 3a6uT& oSoawKeHHue Kap~ 
oojikoA rjiasa, a mchh — tphjeam npoH3eHHiafi dnijencb h pasfinTOe 
jiaM xoBoe deoo, Mli BUKypHBaeMx no nanHpocKt h paacTaeifCfi* Ha 
nponjaHbe oht. roBopurb: 

— A fl BcnoMBHJit, icaKi!— B'B Moefl naaarh, B'b MoeMt xajrarfe... 
Htn> — Ha Moefi KpoBaTH... npunuiHTe MHt, noacajiyficTa, HaTpn 6po- 
MaTH^. xa-xa-xa... Kaicb ctuiaAHo! Jlflsxao 6wTb, HHcaTeab. 

H bhAah 3a A^epb h 3anepeBi> ee aBTOMaiaqecKoft pyraoti, or* 
npioTBopaerb ABepHyK) $opToqKy h AonojiHaerb: 

— KjonaTH! Botb Kairb! Bchomhhjtb... 



16 Mapma. 

y MeHH HOBaa 6ojrfc3Hb, ^obojibho, Bupoqewrb, npiiiTHaa: cna^Ka 
Bhhh) bt> stom'l BeceHHifi B03i^yx^. H Kaaofi ; npiflTHufl cohb! Uk- 
cKOJbKO He yTOMjaioiuifi, He rjyooidtt, nojHufi CHOBH^tHifl, KOTophia 
a cefiqacb-ace 3aouBaio. IIomhk) tojibko, qTO bo ch4 sl scer^a Ha 
boa*. 

JIfl. Ha BO.it h cb MoiiMH MiiabiMM. HoTOMy-xo m iipiflTHO aaufiyih 
^yTKHMTb chom'l, qTo6u KaacAuii 3ByKT», AOHOCflmifica Bt Kasiepy 
H3Bh4, co3AaBaji r b HOByro <J)airra3iK>, qTo6u uiarH Ha^apaiejiH, oohki 
HaqajncTBa, Sojitobhh pafioqux'b-apecTaHTOB'b, dyirb nocyAH, - bga 
aia npHBbiquaa TiopeMHaa AHesHaa cyiojioKa cHOBHAtHiean. nepeeo- 
3AaBajiacb B'b 3Byicn yjnu,u, rpoxorb aKuaasefi hjih B'b Oojitobbio mh- 
Jiofi •KOMnaHiii, caitx-b A^Teli— Becejiiix'b, 6e33a6oTHHX-bpe6flTHiuetrb... 

Ha B0.it... B'b 6ojbinofi CB'fcTiioa KOMHarh, Ha MflncoM'b AifBaHi, 
qroou B'b okho BptiBajHCb jiyqn cojmu,a, KOTopue H36braiOT'b mogB 
aaMepu... H.ih Beqepo>rb, upH jiaiini vb afiajEypoM'B, cpeflH a^ho 

XOpOlHO 3HaK0MbIX1> H 6jIH3KHX'b iIK)Aefi, H CMtflTbGH, CBitflTbCE, 
CirfeHTbCfl... 

Mli h 3A:fecb nocxoHHHo cMieMca, ho ocoShm'b, TttpeMHUMii, Mpo- 

HH^eCKH&Tb CMtxOM'b. CMteMCH HaA'b COCofi, Ha^t CBOHMt HOJQiEe- 

flieifb... 

Pa3b-ABa, pa3T>-ABa, pa3'b-ABa, — ycjiOBHHfi ciyK'b y oTAyfflHHbi, 

— ToBapHU^'b, CJIHHIHTe? 

*— Cjibiujy... 

— ToBapmuT)! Hto-to cKyinHO. Bu KaKi. nojiarae're? 

— ^a, 3Haeie, Kaai* 6yAT0 CKyniaoBaTO, Kaitt 9T0 hh cTpaHH&. 

— ToBapniivb! CityniHo, roBopro a BaMi>! •.. 
H pe6aqbHMH rojiocaMH uu 06a TaHeM'B: 

— Ctty-y-yniHo, CKy-y-ymao... 

— ToBapumi! A to HanjieBaTb. ILQ&wmv v ..lu« ryjaxb. 



4fc m. • eerriiv 

IIoflAeMTe. Tojilko Kj^a? 3a ropo^ pasit? H© jepHjTiJB it 
lle-TponcKifl napin>? 

— fpflfcuo 'j'aMii, a ceiliacB orryaa. 

— Hy, Torja jijmuip GyAeMi noMa cb^tb... Bu, noaen» Onrfc, 
Jiiisa xoxjixe bmiihtbV 

— EjTu.io i iKy, noawiyfi. 

- jl,a S'bvL niiBa-To, bott* fcaaaa JKajocib. 

- Buuuu BceV 

- BuilUO, A^ CO(')C'l bohho n He 6BIJIO. 

— J^Ks&Uio. A bh aaMiTHJiii, TOBapBm'L, Kaicoft y Hack Ajwk- 

CEHApM 1 !^ CMtfflHuil? 

i — A iior 

- ^a BOTb, OTBopn.i'b ok.ho, Bwr.iflByjrL h roBopHrt: «a fitjb 
xopoino iia Bo.rk>>! HacM r tiniiJii» Mens... 

- ^a T oitiunoft. . Hy, a bu OTMtqaeTe? 

Tt jshh He oiMt'ia.TB, nacMypao 6ujio, a cero^HJi otm^thi-l. 

M(jJi tWkxb ciMtiaeTT, Ha Kocairb OKna rpaHnqy cojmeiHaro 
ay^a. ,1,1- u ^ tom'b, *ito ct> npH6jiHacenieM*L BecHm aaxoAamee 
co.iHue ctluo ojierKa-citTKa KacaiLca HarnHxi* okoht>. Bi> Kaiiepy 
jyTL see eme ue riponiiiiaert, ho Ha HicKo.ibKO MHHyrb sajvUBaorb 
KpaeiueiiTj q-itna. Kmua bt. nepBufi pant cojiHn.e npo^tJia^o 9iy mry- 
uy, mij oGa cpasy aaMimiati n fipociuiiicb kt> OT^yniHHi nojvfcjiHTbca 
HtmocTbiO- Ct aroro aha coci^ cxairb ntjiaTb Ha KOcaKi fiTictTEH 
rpaiumu pttiTiciBaro :iyia. 

oauimaiocb caj^BOAOTB'.'Mi, h oropoAHnnecTBOM'b: HOCaAHiTB bt» 
mecT^niili iiuj»-hoa'»' ^aiuio aepHa 6is.iofi ropqimH, nponiii.aHmii.fl Met 
orb ttinapi k :t iKrJViira... il CpucajT. cfeMH bt* floopyjo now, ji s&ajn» 
i>6iKibii;nu Bcxo,ia. Ho pacryrb y MeHfl KaKie-TO TOHiue bgjsoceh, 
xyAOco T fHue ii u;. -n-ioniue... Cb!»tj iiajio, TiopbMa 3ar:iymi!:ja iron 

HOctBliL^ KnpO-.t'Mb, TiJUCTCfl MOfl ropiHIja yAHBHTeJbHO OUCTpO. B*b 

iuitk aneE ULrniiiyjiucb AJHHHue, BepinKa bi #Ba cTeSjui, c-h flsyMfl 
JiHCTniiaMn na Bepxymnt. 3ra t< man TpaBKa, Bupocuiaa b-l TKpbMi, 
TaKTi Ha^Tnii'iiiBo iMOiinrar kt> CBtTy, Taui* Biini6aeTca, nxo mh4 no 
uicrccukEy paa r L Bt aohd npnxoAHica noBopa^HBaTb 6aaKy» ftoGti 
cTvdcubEui goc.Tii irpjiMO. H eABa a noBepHy, KaK'b h TpaBKa saHH- 
Haerb buiipiim.ditlch, BLiiipiiMJiflTbCH, h oiihtb Harafiaeica Bt era- 
pi'iiy Gtiua, oiiHib CTpoMaxcfl Ty^a, r^t bhaho, ecJH BdaTb na cio^'bi 
ico,tuKo:u.jno llBana Be.niKaro, Kpuuin aomob*l h MajieHbKiii KycoqeEx 
y^iiUbi, no uoTopofl KpomeHHaa JiomaAKa Bu3erb MiiKpocitoDJiqecm 
raaini... 



22 Mtxpma. 
^erjjpi! w& y^Tb Ha 6opt6y iiaTj-aa 6yMarn. HcnopTHjn* cefii 
bi'piMi, j^Jfuara ro.ioBHofi 6ojih, ho ao6hjich h peayjibTaia: aojjyuurL 
paiipbmcstir uMiib Gyjaaiii, cKOJibKO noacejiaH). U,4ji£ifl pant 06M«e 



fctrvnu mnuisoi aran. 49/ 

lil, conpoBoa^aBmificA ntJHM'L phaoitb o6*maHlff, He iiphboahm hi 

KB H6MJ, H A . H3O0ptjrL BKCTpeHHOe, AOBOJbHO Kypb63H0e GpOACTBO: 

ho8bohhjtb HaAaepaTexa h, Kor.ua tott> otbophjib ABepHy» $opToqsy, 
a npocyHyjrB ckbosb Hee rojiOBy b cKaaajrb, qTO He yflAy h ne ^wb 
sanepeTB, nosa He flOJiyiy 24 jhctobt> 6yiiaru. IIpHme.n> cTapmifl ($ejb^;- 
$e6ejib), KOTopoMy a saflBHJTB, ito ecjin qepe3t 15 MHHyrB 6yMara 
.He 6jflfiTb y mohh, b-b Kanept, to a 6yjiy npnqaTB h dyqaTb Ha 
bocb KopnycB h no^UMy Ha Horn bck> mpbiiy; a Tara saK-b a h bth 
cjOBa yxe Kpa^aurB AOCTaTorao rpoMKO, to qepe3T» hbtb MHHyrB npH- 
HecjH 6yHary He tojibko Mfffc, ho h mohmb coctAflMi>. HTairB, cnoco6i, 
HafixeHi. Bi 6opb6i o6ptTemb ra npaBo cBoe!.. 

Tenepb npeACTOHTB <6opb6a» aa otkphtuh oana. Ha ahhx*b Hami 

OKHa 8a6HJIH HflTBADfiMOBbUIH rB03£flMH. OqeBHAHO, — HO^YJIX OJOXOfl 

Birep-b H8B IIeTep6ypra... Haci> BOo6nje GTajH ct$chhtb bo bccmt,: 
bt> Gyifarb, bt» Bonpoct ofiBOKHarB, b*b nporyjwh, b*b BbinncKi npo- 
^AyaTOB'L, B'B pacapeitfuieHiH hx-b Meacjiy HysAaton^MiicH qepera na- 
mHXb Heo$$iir^iajibHuxx cTapocrb. HaiajEtHHE'B TropbMbi, conacHO 
HHcrpyuuH, noATflrHBaerb bosxh, npoBoipip^a rojioAOBsy... 



25 Mapma. 

BbimiH y M6HH nannpocH. HpHnwocB nonpocniB y cocbAa. HaA- 
supaTejLa bbohutb He xot4jiocb, a noTOMy, He cmotph Ha HoiHoe BpeMa, 
mli cb AByxi> ctopohi bo3o6hobhjih paSora no npojiojKeHiio TyHBejia 
B'b OTAymaH* — h He Oesi ycnixa. nannpocbi yAajioct nepeAaTb ie- 
pes* oTAymHHy, h A^ffie mm mooh noacaTB pjpyrb Apyry na.ibn.rj. Co- 
c^ab npameix bt> nojiHuft BOCToprb! Kara 9to hh cMtuiHO.— HOBne- 
HaTJitHie b'b Bbicmeft CTeneHH npUTHoe: CHAtTB bt> AByxB Kavepaxx, 
pa3AtjeHHUXT> crtHOft vb nojiropa apmHHa tojih^hhu, ho nponycKaro- 
mefl hh Majtfimaro SBysa (ecjin He CTyqaTb),— h Bce-TaKH Hauuacb " 
TaitH jia3efina, qepesx KOTopyi) mo»ho uocHyTbca ApyrB Apyra. no 
dTOMy noBOAy mli 6ojrrajiH h xoxoTajin qaca ABa. 3arjifiHy,rb 6hjio 
crapnK-B no6echAOBaTb, ho yBHAaBB, qTO a aararB, nonpooMB iiokj- 
Phtb h ymejn>. 

— fl yan MtirtaTB He 6yAy, roBopnre, roBopHTe. TaK*B-T0 CKy^Ho 

CBA^Tb... 

Oh* oqeHb HHTepecyeTCH cefiqacB T©peMHofi 3Jio6ofi aha — npo- 
i^pccom'l o 103 nojUKorax*B TeHbKHHa, 17 th jrfrrHHro MajibqniiiKB, 
ocyaKA^HHaro Ha EaTopry. IlpiflTeJiB h coTpyAHHKt SToro TeHbKHHa 
chabtT) HeAaJieso otb MeHH. 9to 6paBbifl h KpacHBufi napenb, no- 
ctohhho chahtl Ha njioniaAKi 4 BTaaca, Tas-s KaKT» b-l 9tomt> otho- 
memH yrojiOBHue nojiBByroTca SHaqHTejibHofi csofioAoft. Caait TeHb- 
tsLWb bb Apyrofi fiopbifb. 3Atcb ero, KaK-B npeAaTeifl, HenpeictHHo 6m 
t6hih. 



>0e««0pb Orxfcn i 



50< 



*e*priev 



28 Mapma. 

B.1B3HTCA AyMa.. Ko;n»niHFfCTBo yrtpeHo, hto b* nepBufi xw 
AyMH — koh^u^ Hain^My bo.iiikomv riivLiiiio. Comhutpjbho... 

MHTepect kt> BLiGopnon ariiTaniii— orpoMnuii. K«ueTu npucjui 
Ha HMfl TRiprMnuxT, naA'nipaTe.n fi Bo.nBunia a ciiucku KaHjiuaTOtfV 
naKeTU odaJHCb y fla'iajbiuiKa, Koropun He aceo noHHitaen*, vi 
KaKyio ace, HaKoneiVB, cropoHy nyxHO AepxaTb hoot., qm6u jjepxar* 
ero no Btipy... 

IIo3aho HoqbR), bo BTopojfb nary, me.iicaerb rja30KT>, h 3art« 
npioTBopae^ca 4>opTo*iKa h ocTopoaHO sar.iJiAbiBaerb ko mh* roaoBa 
Ha^HpaieJiH EropoBa. 

— Mnxaiurb AHApeiiTb, a Bnacy, bu He ciiHTe; botb, mli chjhitv 
ra3eiy ^uiaeMt h He SHaewb, qio 3T0 nonoTinyijioHHo-AeiiOKpaTine- 
citaa napTifl h napria mipoAHoii cbo6oaw OAHa h xa ace? 

— ji,a, — OTBiqaro a EropoBy. 

— TaKi>! A Btflb nootjiua ohu. 3to xoponio! Bott> sajb, Bant 
HBKaKX He.ibsa rojoca 3a Hee noAaTb. IJpeMeHH H-fert. 

Iloejrb 9 nacoBi>, Konia nopbMa sacunaerb, HaA^upaTejiH, HacKOJkKO 
3T0 B03M0JKH0, cooupaiOTCH Kyiuaun u.ui napoiKaMn, mmnBarorb qaesrb 
h noqiiraBaiorb ra3eTuy. 3ro — 6o.ibinon pjicm,, ho coS-iasHt erne 
6ojii>milf. Bt> ntaHoii Tiiiiiiiirb cjbiuieH'b paaroBop-b Bnojroaoca. HHorjia 
BCTptqaeTca saTpyjHeme, — He noHiiwaiorb qero-niioyAH. Torja Hamuli 
yxoAarb Bt CBoe Kpu.io HaBeciH cnpaiiun y cBtAymaro jnija. Ilo.iy- 
qnBT> cnpaBKy, Her.ibiinHUM'b maroM'b oTiipaiuacTca o6paTHO Hacxoa&y. 
HHTepecb kt> BufiopaMx h cooLniflMT. cTpaiiiHbifi, jiaffie y cTapurb 
TBopeMuuiKOB^. Kt ABii3KeBiio onn oTnocflTCi anoint C03HaTeJbnO. 

— Ilnqero, nociiAine, citopo BuiUeTe. 3a to ue dapojn ciiAHTe- 
3a napodz, 3a ceo6ody\ 

HHTepecno cjujiuaTb sto orb TiopeMHLix'b HaA3iipaTeJiefi! 
Kairb-To a roBopK) rpyiuemcoaiy: 

— Borb, cKopo, roBop;rrb, aMQHCTia; onurb HapoAt npHAerb ax 
TiopbMy. 

— 9to xoponio, aMHHCTia. a rojibKO a 6orocb... 

— Hero? 

— YroJiOBHbiX'b oowob. Kairb HaHHyn* Baci> BbIlIycKaTb,--yroi[al^ 
flHe Hac/L 3apt3;yrb n y6tryrb... yzn, a pijiHHjrt Tain* cAijiaTK KaE*b 
TOJibKO npiiAerb Bapo;n>, — a ncpBwH yoiry h.tb Tiopbitn... 

— A Hacb-TO KaEfb 3Ke fipooiiTe? 

— A a Bacb Bctx'b OTBopio, noTOMi> n y6try... 

HaCTeHbKO Mbl fiOJlTaeRCB CT> HIIMT* y $0pT04KH. 

— Hto, TpyineijKifi, xopcmo 6bi Tenepb Ha bojih)? 

— Oxi), BHAbixaeTT) oht>, xoponio 6u! 

06a mli apecTaHTbi n o6a Me'iTaeai'b o boiA, — a, 3anepTiiit bhip 
Ha saMOKX, h oh'l, npncTaBJieHHbifi cTepeqb MeHa. OAHa Me^Ta— boia, 
OftHa HaAeacAa— BbifiTH H3'b TK)pbMbi Kanofi yroAHO ijtHofl... 

OAfla^AU rpyuieitKifi nprnnejib aa cwiHy cb BeceaHMii jihi^omt* 



*.• —r 



RAFTHVB1I T&FEIfmfl JKH3HB. 

HaKaHjFb y Hero 6hjtb cBofioflHHft fleHb, tto 6biBa©rB past. b% irt- 

CHI^b. Ob TaHHCTBeHBUM1> BHflOM'b OHb C006nXHJTb, 1TO fltjtO JCTpOB- 

Jioch: 0Ht nojiyqnjrb m*cto mBefiiiapa h cefiqac* ae no;i&n. apoine- 
i ,. Hie o6*b yBOJLHeHiH. 

— Kfc Ilacxt yftay! 

KaKofl onb cqacTJMBHfl, cijnomifl! TaKi> ace 6y^y ciBTb h h, &orjia 

I BHfiAy H3T> TK)pbMU. 

Chahm& y <j>opTOTOif, fiect.nyeM'L 061* ero yaaqt, Bjipyrt orr, uporji- 
rHBaen> mh* pyicy, acMerb h roBopHrb: 

— JKejaio BaMi> buHth cKopte... CnacH6o BaarbL > 

Owb qyBCTByerb, *ito nepecTaerb 6uTb TiopeMmiiKOM^ qn» 
aaeTca rpaaciraHHHOM-b h no-iyiaerb sthmt, npaso noacaTb pyuy rpaat- 
n;aHHHy, KaKi> paBBbift. HyncHO CKaaaTb. qio Tpyineniidft Beer : 6u£fe 

f:L * j^OBOJibHo qonopHUMi> coJAaTOM'B, Aaffie He no3BOJifl.TB ceGfc $aMtut,:ip[jn 

Ha3HBaTb 3aKJHoqeHHuxi> no hmchh h OT<iecTBy. Ho iihctiihi & cbo- 
6oabi, ypaBHHBaiomifl flio;iefi, 0Ka3aJicff bt> tot* MOMeHrb, koix* cyii&fa 

34 f ero piminjiacb. 

J fl pa^b 3a Hero B^BoflHt: TropbMa OKasaaaeb jjjih Hero no;it*»iroft 

^} h cfltjajia hp* coji^aTa rpafflflaHHHa. 



flamy, — h B^pyrb crpamHtiii kphk-b b'b Kopnyct... HeircTriBue 

BOMB, frfcrOTHH, CT^ITb, B03rJtaCIJ «y6lJJIH», «H3T> HHCTOJieTa y5liTii* 
H T. fl. H3T> BCfeXT. KaMepT» CJMniHM OHCeCTOIPHHIiie 3B0HKH — mm® H 

si. 9ia npoo^Taa flBepb 603* ejjHHoft mejioqan... 

— Bej ito, r. M.?— caumy cnoKofiHtiit iuxocb Han3HpaTe,m 

— Hto TaM-b cjiy^Hjioct? 

— Huqero, Taieb, nycTHKH, — cyMacme.^niifi Ta>n> ouhht>. ., 
EoHeMHory Bee ycnoKaHBaeTca. 9rorb «cyMaoine;uni[t» yme eb bti 

nepBufi pa3i» nponaBOAnra nepenojox-b. Homftk> TaKofi rae c^nafi 
Ho^bK). Ho TOJibKO 3aitMT> bt» TropbM* chjhtt, cyMacine;uniii? I 
oh* He wb 6ojibHHn[t? KaKan qymb... 
30 Mapma. 
TpeTifi ACHb jiyerb ctBepHufi BtTep^, BoeniH ryjjnrb m viinn^b, 
cbhcthtb bt» Kaauofi Hie.iKt paMH, ryjiBeTi* no KaMepft, cjior-n') OEh 
3Atcb xo3bhht>. SL 3aKpuBarocb orb Hero myfioft, HantBaH) riyiordn 
Ka-ioniH, saTLiKaio mejK fiyMarofr, jitjaio H3 , b jiyqifHLi npoinuit 1 
nopt ajib OKOHHoft paMH, cepacycb, xoaaio Horoit. npoK.iiiRaio m \ 
h ctpufl KyqeBwa oojasa, n cn.iy3Tr>i ropoj;a Ha saKaxt duram. 1 
no6tjiy KaaeTOBi), n nsBepaceHie Be-iyBia. h coctj^a, kotopliS itejiKql 
iipoSbio OTCTyKHBaers Ha CTiHt cboh jivmm h TpeBoni... Hi'^ urrl; 8 
a4.io ao ero TpeBort; hto mh* 3a pa^ocTb cjiumaTh, nxo BaBip 
nocji3aBTpa oht* yiiAert Ha bojiio, no^T* sajiorB, acuaTb cy^a 
6tiBaJHH npecTyn.ieHifl, KOTopHx-b caM-B OH'b 3HaeT-b Me at p. 
KT0-HH6y,nb... OH'B HAeTi* Ha bojk), — h nYCKaif Hflerb, ho caumaTB 

06l 9T0M1» usi CKyqHO... 






*2 m. # c o r r h a i. 

ft cxwroajn*, naK'B He jaxeKO otb mom rpeiriurb satiORi, Eawb ro- 
* octi *])f.MM$efii»jiH, BHKpHKHBafl qbio-TO $aMHJii©, npnSaBHJTb ABaMare- 
qccKax* cjEosa «cb BemaMH», KaK'B 8a okhom'b pa8^ajiHCb npomaibHue 
cpiiKH Toaapnmeft... fl BHA'bJi'B, BCTaBt Ha TaGypeTKy h npnxaBinHCB 
anoML Kii neoy, Kara kto-to, chkh vb npojieTKt, uaxajrB uuianofl 
no BanpaBJiemK) ra HaniHMi OKHaM'B, KaE-B TpoHyjica H8i$omHK'B h 
Kara MajieHLiufl sycoqeE'B yjiHn,M y BoporB tidpbmh, bhahhA h3*b Moero 
0Kna T cHOBa onycrbjrb... Ha MHHyTy b*b RaMepy npoHHR'B ayq'B cojimja 
EOtopoe saif^M-L CKpraocb sa EoaoEOJbHefi. Bi> KaMept cTajio TeniHie, 
litTopi, saBbtf *b eme 6ojrfce 3jio6ho, h orb ero nopiJBa 8aEaqaaocb Ha 
crbai KapToimoe «H3BjeqeHie hsi- npaBHJTb pa saKJiioqeHHBiX'b*... 

— Efetfb botb KaKofi CBHptnufi, vb hopb cniHGaerB, a ceojbko 
apmrn-K copsaai ceroAHH, — saroBapHBaerb HaA3HpaTeJB, 

— XOTB 6l>I OFB CB TIOpbMH KpUffly CH6CT»! — TOBOpD & 8JIO6HO, 

— SaqiMt ace, Tor.ua HaM*B xyae 6yaerB; y»i h Tenepb npo^y- 
Baeri.... 

Ax*, rH, cTapaa npaETHqecKaa MyapocTBL Kara tbi He xoqemb 
noffflTt, qro mcbh »Ta Kpuffla AaBHrB. Heyacean tbi He qyBCTByenib, 

ilTO TGTTj-IKO CtBepHLlfi B'frrep'B, KOTOpufi CBHCTHTB Bl MOeft KaMept 

i! orh EOToparo TaKT> paaSojrkaacB rojiOBa, — 6hjtb 6bi mhjtb mh4 Ha 
Bojrfc- fl pacttaxHyj'B 6h Ha BCTptqy eMy my6y, chhjtb 6m nepex^ hhitb 
nranEj h nosBOJWjrB 6h eMy TpenaTB moh bojioch, KaieB eMy yroflao, 
Tpenarb we «a Bcero, KaKT> oropo^Hoe nyraao. Ecjih B'fcrep'B nonyrHBift— - 
a oT^ajica 6u eMy, ccjih BtTepi* hpothbhbiA, — a nomejrB 6bi eMy na- 
nepeptst, r see TaKH aocTarB 6bi Toro, nero mh* ceroflHH Ta** 
cTpacTHo He AOCTaeT-B, npHmejrB 6h Tyaa, r^t MeHa h mjiyrh, h ae 
wyt%.. 

— EocMOTpHTe-Ka b-b oeho, — roBoparb cociffb. 

— Hy, qio TaMt? 

— ropojTB... 

— Bfrgfttt-, HH^ero xopomaro fffcrb... 

— KapufHEta! 

~ OueHb oynaa KapTHHKa... 

— ^a bu hto? 9re! MoacerB 6htb BaMi na bojiio xo^eica? 

— Xo^ieTca. 

— TaKt.,, BaM'B, Bipoarao, xorhjocB 6h, nanpHMtp'b, c*ctb dTaKT. 
h& iHBomtma h notxaTB... kojcchkh BepTaica, npojieToiKa xaTHTca, 
ryjiiioT'b ^ejioBiiEH... 

— Bovh iiMeHHo, ryjarorB qejiOBiiEH, Hecyn* h3t> B;epKBH cb4hkh, 
6-iaro cero^Ha dpacTHofl qeTBeprB,— nmarocB a octphtb h saMiqaro 
npn stomtp, qxo bt> nocjitAHee BpeMa ocipro Tynte, h^m* 6btjio 6bt 
upocTBTeiiiiHo,— A, BnpoqeM-B, CyjibTe 3,nopoBH, saxoflaxe KaKX-HHSyAB, 
a a btj naHHjBo MHHyTy rocTett He npHHHMaro... 

— X^ npojieToqKa xaTHTca*.. npit3aaeT6 bh aoMOi, «oeMba io^ 
Kpyrt Bca n)6ep©Tca» h Bee Tasoe... 

— CiijmaflTi, ^a««jtwca, oTexaabTt, EOjgiTt s% iopTjL 




M 



va 



KJJTHHn *»FBMHOll SHSHH. 

— £a, ceMBfl BOKpyrt co6epeTca, h npn btomt. XpHarocb BocKpec* 

WBTb JCTh HOJbeTCJi... 

— y6npaflTecB K"B qopiy, roBopro a Bail*. S cefiqac* see aaA'iiaio 
OT^ynraHy KHpnHqeirb, a BacL Ha Ayaab BH3HBaro. 

— Bh yxe, KaseTca, AjieKcaHApnqa BH3BajH? 

— Bbi3Bajn> h yfibio, h Bacb yfibro. 

— H nacb y6beTe? Tara-ci. A bcg TaKH Ha boj* HeaypHo... A? ? jjp 

— CJiyraafiTe! Ceprttt CepriH«n>! yBaacaeMwfl! ncnojiHHTe mobq no- 
EopHMmyro npocbfiy, y6epHTecb ko Bdwb qepTawrb! Ecjih yarb Baarb 
TaK*B xoqeTca 6ecb^0BaTb, to «npnxoAHTe» ceroAHfl Beqepoarb bt> no- 
aoBHHt AecaTaro. Ha/rbiocb 6mb AOMa h jx&me yromy aneabCHHOirb. 

— 3HaqHTB, ceroAHa »ypT>-$nKci? 

— #a, no ofiuKHOBeHiro... 
CoctA'B otxoahtb or* OTBepcTia. 3jk)6£*moh yTHxaeTT>, ctBepHHfl 

lrfrrep'b cBHCTHTb MeHbme... Cjihhiho, Kasi cocKa* naniBaerb qio-To 
MejaHxojHiecKoe... 

— 9fi, TOBapnnrb, Ceprfcfi CeprfcHTb! noAoflAHTe, rojiy6^HK , b, Ha 
MHHyTKy no BaatHOMy A^Jy. 

— Ktay. CjiyniaH), qTo Tasoe? 

— Bora Rasas Bemb, C. C, bhahto jh B'b qeirb a^jo, Mnanfi 
ipyrB,— pacTarHBaio a cjioBa. — Borb a Bad* o qeirb xorfcjrb cnpocHTb, 

BH... BaiTb, M0»6Tb 6HTb, CerOflHfl Ha BOJIK) XO^OTCH? 

— A Hy Bacb! 
— - HtTb, cepbe3H0, Moraerb xoqeTca? Tojibko a Bacb aojtjkph'l, 

rojy6qHK-b, npeAynpeAHTb, qTo ceroAHH BfapeHo,' npociyAHTbca moxho. 

— OrcTaHbTe, pa^e XpacTa! 

— Hy, ho cepflHTecb, rojy6qHK'b. A cKamHie, noacaJiyfiCTa, bh ce- 
roAHH BeqepoM^ AOMa SyneTe? 

— .JjMaio 6utb. Xorbn hAth b'b TeaTp^, a& pa3AyMajrb... 

— KoHeqHO, ho ctohtb. CjuniHTe, noroAa Kaon. A aomoS bh co- 
joaha He co6apaeTecb? 

— IIoAHTe K'b qopTy! Hfrrb, cepbe3HO, yfinpafiTecb, Hy Bacb... 

— A to nomjiH 6h bh aomoA, 8TaK*, saaeTe, ceMbfl BOKpyn> Bca 
cofiepercff... 

— fl Bacb y6b» najKofll 

— Hy, Baqiici ae najtKofi, nuiy6qHK3>. A BnpoqeM-b ao cBHAaHba, 
Ao Beqepa... 

CeroAHfl fiesyMHO xoqeTca Ha bojibo... HnKorAa eme crfcHH HeAa- 
bijh TaKt M03rb, HHEorAa en^e Meqra He 6hjih Taifb cipacTHH h 
HaAe»AH TaKi oTqaaHHH. fl — HeBtpyromifi h pejiarin He hm^io. Ho 
TpaAHUiH Bcerna »hbh, h CTpacTHaa h nacxajibHan hca^jih hjui MeHa 
HeBOJibHO BHA^JWioTca H3T> ocTajbHHX'b nflTHAecHTH HeA^Jib roAa. Cipa- 
CTHafl HeAtM npHBOAHT'b mh* Ha naMBTb niMHa3HqecKie toah; noA- 
Po6bocth AaBHO sa6HTH, ho He »a6HTO 9to oco6oe npeAnpa3jiHHqHoe Be- 
eeHiee HacTpoenie, He 8a6uTa KpacoTa Be.inKonociHaro iiinin, <pa3- 
6ojUuucji», «q8pTora». MaiHisa E$psifa CiipHHa, nyT«ineaTBio ua% 



54 if. o r o p r n h t>. 

HCpKBH CO CBt^aMH AOMOft _ co CBtiaMH, Ha ROTOpbir* fflapHBUiMH 

Bejica cierb ^BtHajmaTH eBaHreJiift. A BTorb nacxajibHufi nepesBoe'B, 
KOTopwfi TaK* ace HpaBirrca cHaqajia, KaK*b HaAotAaerb uotom'b... Bee 
9to MHoro pas'B nepesHBSLiocb h He Moaterb nsrjaAHTbca wb naiiRTH. 

H Bee 8to TaKt qyacAO xiopbMi! 3At>cb acn3Hb HAerb pobho, ona- 
HaKOBO, 663^ Majitfimaro yKJioHema, h 6yAHa HiiiiM!* He OTJLumBxyrcs 
orb npa3AHHK0B , b. roBoparb, B'b npeacHee BpeMa yro.iOBHbie ycipaa- 
BaJiH HJi.iK)MHHai^iio na ABopi h aaace bt> oahhoihomx Kopnyci. Paa- 
BtmHBajiHCb h 3aacnra.iHCb nBtTHue $OHapnicH ? ciaKaHquKH, noaBO- 
jifijiH OAHHoqKaM r b BLixdHTb, 3AopoBaTbCH, no3ApaB-iaTb Apyrc apyra* 
Tenepb, Kaaceica, Bee bto yHMmoaceHo, h xpHdiaHCKilt npa3AHHKii ee 
Hapyuiaerb Te f iema TiopeMHoft acii3HH, e/bpofi h OAHOo6pa3Hofl, Karb 
apecTaHTCKoe n.iaTbe. 

IloTOMy Ayma npoevrrca Ha bo.to, ^to Taarb Tenepb »H3Hb KHnflT* 

K.lK)qeM , b, BCt OKHB.ieHH, BCt OAtBaFOTCH H MUCJIflT'b HO UpettWR* 

HOMy. H B'b o6niecTBeHHOMx ABHHteHiH oa£HB.ieHie; bc* yBjeqeHH bh- 
6opaMH, noAciiiTbiBaroT'b no6tAu, A^arb niKypy HeyfiHTaro MeABtm 
BocxBaJiarorb cboh noABnrn. H xoqeica bhSth h CKa3aTb bthmt>top~ 
afecTBR)muMT>: <Hojiho, Baina jih 8to no6tAa, bh jih noAHHJiH Pocciio? 
Kto Aajrb npaBO BasTb, yMipeHHHM'b, cepeAHHHHKaM'b, nocTeneHOBnarb* 

Ha3bIBaTb Ce6a HpOB03BtCTHHKaMH H 3aniHTHHKaMH HapOAHOfi CB060Abl? 

He edb jih bh 6e3HCH3HeHHiiift neHTpT*, cAtJiaBiiiifica jrfcBoii Ha 6e3- 
pu6bw? He noAaAHTecb jih bh BnpaBO, rorAa Bepnyrca H3T. TropbMU 
h cchjkh HacToantfe HapoAo6opijH h nonpocarb Bacb oqacTHTb dx^ 
Mtda Ha jrfcBUX'b CKaMbnx'b, Mtda, npuHaAJieacain.ia hm^ no npasy? 
Ta* 6hhh bh, KorAa ohh ihjih hoat* BHCTpt-iu?* 

HoTOMy xoieTca Ha bojik), ito Taai* ociajiocb Bee, ^to Hanojwajio 
2KH3Hb, paAH qero ctohtt> awrb, TaMT> odajmcb Bet, ct> Ktsrb a1jjh- 
JiHCb 6ojibiuia HaA°acAH, MajieHbKia yAaqn m rpaHAi03Hbia nopaacema; 
cb KtM^ Jiyqme b^^iho ceopiiTbca, qfcMT> 6HTb qacb bt> pasjiyKt... 

Ho, oaBHoe, noTOMy xoqeica Ha bojik), ito TaiM-b BecHa,— a 3:rfecfc 
cfeBepHHfi BtTepT>, nTO TaM'b h aTOT'b Btrepb cBoOoAeffb, — a zxbvh 
oH'b CMiinaH'b cb TropeMHofl aTMoc$epoli h BpuBaeica He mHp^Kofi 
nopHBHciofl bojihoB, a no ie3yHTCKH, cKB03b oKOHHyio meJiKy, OCTpiift 
h npoHH3HBaiomifl, aA^BHTwfi h sjioohhS... 

B'b coKpoBeHHOMT> jtojik* Ayinii e^Tb MaJieHbKaa-MajieH^Kaa Kjt- 
TO^Ka, a BT> Hefl KpoineqHaa, MHKpocKonnqecKaa HaAeatAa na CKopya:; 
cB(»6oAy. HH^ToacHaa, KaKb MaKOBoe oepHuuiKO, ona He nycaaerb 
pocTKOBT*,— h xopoino A^JiaeTT), T&K-b KaKi> paacyAOKi* MHroM*b 3arjiy- 
rnHJix 6h ee. Ho oHa edb, He 6yAy cKpuBaTb. Ona wzmrb, 6UT&, 
HHaie 6hjio 6h CKyino. 

A CKyKa BT> TiopbMt — H3JIHTHHHH pocKOiHb, KOTopaa pHCKyeTi* ne- 
peflTH B'b pacTOH«TejibHOCTb,— B'b Tocuy, B'b oiqaaHie, B'b OojifeRb. A 
noTOMy 6yAeMT> Jiyiuie 6epeqb h oxpanaTb OT'b nocTopoHHHX'b.iviaat 
9iy MajeHbKyiG HaAe^Ay? Bb^b OHa HHKOMy He Mimaert... 



j 



;Ml 



<4 



tArnanm wranroi shbbi. 5& 

10 anprbA*. 

B* TiopbMt MepTRaa h qyrttaa TaniHHa. Bt> 8to Bpesia, no*b Be- 
qepx, Hacejeme o.UHHoqes'b o6lhho cofinpajrocB y okoht>, hijih h6ckoh- 
^aeMtie MHTHHrif, npHqeM* opaTopT> He BH;vfc.rb opaiopa. He BHfltji* 
HH^ero, KpoMi Kpunrb ctojihiju h cKyqaromaro npHBpaTHHKa; HacKy- ^|f 

qnBb ptqaMH— ntjiH h cojio, h xopojrb... Ho cero^Ha MOjqaHbe, OKHa 
safiHTu rB03AflMH; nojiHTiiqecaaH TiopbMa rojioaaerb... 

Hto Mosen> 6uYb yacacnte h 6e3CMuc.ieHHie aioft $opMH npo- 
TecTa;— h oanaKO, oHa Heu36faKaa, TaKt KaKt ejtfiHCTBeHHO AOCTynna. ;^ 

Hint 6ojn>me OTBiTHTb Ha flHKoe HanafleBie na o^hhohhmx'l ARyxii ^3 

port coji^arb, hoa'b npeflBOflHTejbCTBOM'b HaqajibHHKa TropbMH? Hiift • ^ 

OTBiTiiTb Ha btj 6e3CMH canny, Kara He eme Sojibraefi oescMHCJiHijefi? - ■$£ 

CuojibKO Tflacejiuxi. cnpwb 6mjio Bqepa. Bt Kaaeayio EaMepy BBa- jj|| 

jiBBajiocb 4—5 cowan, co HiTUKaMH, 3a ABepaaH CToajrb eme aeca- .^; 

TOKt, ocjmijep'b, naqajibHaK-b, HaA3HpaTejni; njoTHUK'B 3a6HBajrb okho ?fe 

a Kt 3aoK)qeHH03jy piniajca noflofirH KaaceTCH tojibko oahh'b llBaHt j| 

neTpoBHqt. KOTopufi Bctais 3TUM-L oqeHb pa3CTpoeHT». Bt» H , baoTopbIX^ H 

Kaaepax-b 6ujia CBajma. Hamero KpoTKaro n MHjaro A.ieKcaH,npbiqa, :i| 

Moero napTHepa ho nrpt bt> maxMaiLi no ciyay, ^epacajni qeTBepo T ;^ 

cojiflarR, yjoacHBT» ero Ha KOflKy, a ont BrfpuBaJica h 6pocajica qtarb 
nonajo, dapaacb pacmn6nTb okho; ct» humtj cA^iajiacb HdepiiKa, oh'b 
CTpaiuHO Kpnqajrb h iipoK.iHHa.rb Bctxx. il npanoMHHjrb ero ptqb Ha 
HocjrbAHeM'b T^peMHOM-b «MHTiiHrt», Korjja oht> ropaqo npoTecroBajrb 
npoTMBi> rojoflOBKH h npefljarajrb aKTHBHyio 6opb6y. Ob nocjitAHHMi 'J 

cjiobomt> ero piqn cjhjich 3boht> cTeK0.n> pa36iiTUXT> y^apoMi* ero Ky- ; ? 

Jiasa .. CeroflHH TaKofi SBOH'b cjnjina.icH Bee yrpo,— hh oaho okho He v 

odajiocb EffejiiiM^. Sa,Tiwb Bee cmo.ikjio... TiopbMa eAHHOAyuiHo tjjo 
j^aerb... 

HepBH HanpHBseHbr... KaKTb mu HeHaBH^nirb h KaK'b mu... 6ea- Jr 

CHJIbHH. . • . . . * <*'■ > 

Ho bo BceM'b 6wBaeT^ cMtranaH cropoHa. 

COJ^aTH, KOTOpUXT* IipHCTaBH.1H K'b HaUIHM'b KaMepaM^, 0Ka3aJIHCb 

MnatfiiDHMH peSflTaMH. CHaqajia ohii eaceceKyH^HO aarjHAWBajiH m> 
rjia30K^, H0Ka3UBaa Apyr'b Apyry Kaac^bifi CBoero 3BtpH. Ilpasio no- 
koh) He fiuao! duHTTb ^BWHyTb pyKofl— npioTBopfleica $opToqKa... 
liwb 6ujio npHKa3aao c.^AHTb dpoacafiiue. HaKOnen.'b, mh* Haaotjio, 
h a dajn. niaraTb no KOMHarfc; Baacy — cmotphti bt> rjiasoKt coji^arb, 
h a noffotue.i'b b-b ynopt h npncTaBHii^ oas-b. 

— Hto, roBopio, Biixa&b 3Btpa saiiopcKaro? 

— HeBO? 

— A to, roBopio, qTO HaAotji-B th mh4! Hero spa ^eJiKaenib 

3aABB«K0fl? 

CojiAarB noMOJiqajit, ho ace cmotphti*. HoroM'b otbophji-b $opToqjty 
h cnpauiHBaerb thxohlko: 

— XoAHiiii ace? 



M h • i • r t i v %. 

— Xoacy. A th cMOTpamb ice? Easoro aoa&a? 

— Ai-TpaxaBCKaro. 

- A KaKoft ry6epmH? 

— Pa3HH?cb mm. Ectb KypcKie, ecTb Jtajtyacfcie... 

K'l $fjpTOHBi noAOuiJiH eme aboo, HOTOMt em* 1 ; Bet ct pymaini 
h cMorpflfL .iiDiJouuTHUMH, KpyrjiuMH raaaaiiH. yaacflo cirfcaraue. 

— A ito, roBopro, BaMt Ha nocTy nottypaTb Heitia? Xotutc 
uaXttfpGCfiy? 

OAHHb B3fl,Tb, HO CKaaaJTB, 9T0 BUKypETB HOTOMTt, JlfiyTQ* HO- 

upoctttt y ueaa pa30in> 3aTHHyTbca, iperiS cnpamaBiu ml 
-^ A ito, Tyrb Bee 3a6acroBmHKH? 

— BcflKiG, roBopio, Tyrb ecTb. 

- A TIJ A^BHO CHAHIflb? 

— HeTBepiuii Micam>. 

— A eme tfCLiro npocHAHmb? 

— He 3HaiD, Moacerb AOJiro, Bioaerb h4tt>. 

— Burnt tli! CKy*rao, BtpHO. OAHOMy-TO? ^o6po 6u x<m abo© 

— CsyHHG, roBopio. Ho acH* a& no poahumt. cayqa». 
DoueMeoiEKy pa3roBopnjiHCb, xoth ohh oieHb soro-TO QOAiflCf>; 

BuocjitACTBiH oEtasajiocb, mo Hamero HaAaapaTeJia. H Hit ycno- 
kuh.tl ua ero eierb h cTaurb hmx pascsaabiBaTb, aa ito kh scb 
CBftaJTfc, MO iiu Tanie h t. a- Ohh cayuiajiH ci rpouaAHHirb hht&- 
pecojwb. MeRfl ohh noqeMy-TO co<ijih sa «caaaro rjaBHaro»; a cm- 
insult, Ha Kb jrofi qacosoft vb ropAOdbK) roBopHJi'B: <iyrt y ratl 
caaiuft r-uiBiibifl Hx r b HaiajibHHR'b CHAHTT>». BnpoqeMt, APyrofi yrt- 
pjajrb, "ito a noxoacb Ha 6a6y, — «oqeHb AOJiroBOJiocHfi>. Hmepecao, 
sto iioith act Mbi 3aHHMajiHCb B r b 9TOTb Beqep-b «nponaraHAofi B^ 
BoEcKaxt*, h coJAaTbi 6ujih oqeab aobojibhu. Mh yrocTHJiH nrt 
BexmiHufl, afiuaMH, KyjmqaMH. Kx Hoqa etl yBcan, o *eni a 
acapuBHo noasajrfejrb. Ecjih 6h cojiAara npofiujiH y nacB ana 
ABii— ipn, ohh BepHyjHCb 6u b-b Ka3apMU uhijmh. LLOHia — Ciaro- 
^aTHaa. "itpHoaeMHaa. 



26 anpibJiH. 
Hto A^Hb rpHAyniifi HaMi» totobhtx?.. 

OivHTjia oTKOUBaeTca ^yMa. YB'bpeHHOCTb bt» 6jHBKoft cBoCoAt, 
Wh oCinefl aMHUCTia, HacxojibKO CHJbHa, uto MHorie yoa^HBa»rb 

Ben^H t 4T06bl OLITb HarOTOBt. B*b TIOpeMHOfl KOHTOpt C6TOAHH DOA- 

Boa Aa^e HTora bt> HamaxTb pacxoAHbix'b KHHaKaxx- HaA^HpaTeis 
cemAHH noaaojaioT'b oAHHoqKaM'b, B03BpamaiontHMca c f b iiporyicB, 
6poAsJTt no TupbMt no nojqaca. Hamt HOBbifl HaA3HpaTejiB, HaaHa* 
nesHuA ua irt<m cqacTiHBU.a-rpyuieii.Karo, BunpocHJii» y Mesa caaifc- 

RHfl TJ$M. 

Haii^. i. 0., Bee pasao yarb ae iioaaAoCaToa, saaxpa Bci 






RACTIUS TKlFIATHOfc SHBHBL 

BBit^ere. A iurk ovb npHroWTca hoto» AesypwTB; bt> BaieFntarfc 
Tenept xapso... , 

A a, CKenron, He Btpro b*b CBo6oAy, h $pa3a HaA3HpaTeaH sra- 
boibho HanoMHHaert unit APyryro $pasy, CKaaaHnyio npn Apynirt 
oficToaTeaBCTBarB. Koraa oAHoro H3-B TOBapnmeft no aaoKneniK), 
CTjAeHTa-0a6pHKaHTa HI., nocjii Aonpoca no^b yrpo3oft CMeprn, nu~ 
BeiH na flBop'B, ta* Ha ero uasarB pa3CTp*fejiflJiH abohyb paCo'inn, 
to coJAaTU roBopeiH III.: 

— IIOAapn canora! Te6t Bee paBHO GoaBine He HOHaAoGaica 



1 Man. 

JlT&Vb, 3arOTOBHMT» HOBlltt KaJieHAapB... Ha CKOJrBKO M^ffT^Bl,? 

0, Htnb, a Tenepb yace He TairB HaHBem>I Ectb npeKpacnnii en- 
CT6MBI nepeABHKHOfi KajeHAapB, TaRi> Ha3HBaeMwii BtqHiiB... YiTpol! 

CTBO erO HtCKOJBKO CJIOJKHO, HO 7 M6HH MHOrO CBOfiOAHarO Bpe&ieUFT 

BiiepeAH... 

Ja 8ApaBCTByerB 1 Man! 3anaceMca TepirkmeMt, TOBapnmn! 
Eme no«HBeiTB, 3me nocaopuirB. Eme MHoro, MHoro pas* tiocn- 

*h» FB TDpBM*... 

M. Ocoprwiv 






COJICMOHOBO PBDIEHIE. 

Pa3CKa3T>. 



Ha oBCTbefi apMapicfe xoahjih bi> TOJJirfe h acapico o ^eM*B-To 
fiec^soBajiH Apyn> ch jupyrou-b ABa mojiouhXi* fitjioKypwrt 
cBJimenHHKa; ohji jiobko noAXBaTbiBajin Ha xojjy nojiu cbohxx 
^HpeHeBUxii pn?% MeacAy kphbnmh pnnaMH CBa3aHHUXT>, aca- 

JIOfiHO GjieflBIHliX'b H CyqUBUIHXt XBOCTaMH OBeiJT» H KpyTo- 

ffiotngb 6apanoBi>, cojihaho ApeMaBurax'b Ha npnneK-6, h, Ka- 
sajjocb, l rero-Tn iicKajiu, oxBa^eHHHe BaJKHofi 3a6oTOH. OAHa 
6a6a s npiicJiyGiaBnincB kt> hx'b paaroBopy, ineirayjia CBoeMy 
wyaty; 

— Cx HoBjipefi Hmyrt... 

- Ob H03,apeii?..— nepecnpocwjix MyacHicb n, hto-to 6ucTpo 
coodpaaiiBij, AomajrB nonaKOB'B h, KJiaHaacb, CKoporoBopKufi 
Bunajuun*: 

— Otijh AyxoBHbie! Baarb ct> H03Apeii Tpe6yeTca? Ectb 
TaKaa,„ y mobo recia E$HMa Mfrrpiiqa... oBua-To .. JKepedeHOKt 
ee jitTOM-b ysycHJi'B bt> caMyio MopAy,— Taicb H03Apa-To y Hea, 
no^HTaii, bo bcd mercy... 

BariouiKH Ha mhfb ocTaHOBHJiHCb, neperjiaHyjracb, yjiH6> 
Hyjinci. h ctcaaajm: 

- HHKaKoii obijh HaMi* He Ha^o. 

— KaK-L me TaKi>? A Moa 6a6a.... 

MfMW&B ocTaHOBHJica, noqecuBaa bt> aaTHJiid*, a 6aTK)inKH, 
BepnyBmiicb m> npepBaHHOH 6ec&A*, onaTb to h niao noBTopaJiH 
BOOAyiueBJieHHo: 

— Haap^jio... 

- JX&, m, Haaptjio!... 

Bjtpyrt oh u ycKopwjin mara, aaM'feTHB'B BnepeAH ce6a Ay- 
xoBHyio ocody, BHCOKyio h mioTHyro, ci> ajihhhhmh phjkmmh 
BOJiocaMH, apno pa3BtBaBiHHMnca no HIHpOKOfl CnHH'fe, HOA^ 
lepiiou, imipoiconojiofi uuianofl. floHTeHHaa oco6a 3Ta, onacjiHBo 
orJiaAWBaacb u abho nocniniaa, 6biCTpo yAajiaaacb kt> nyryHHofi 



ctieutHOJi* ramus*. &9 

orpa^t, OKaftMJiHBmefl cbohmh de3TOCJieHHUMu KpecTEKaMH 
HU3KO BpocmyK) bt> 3eMJiH> cTapHHHyio KaMemiyK) UepKOBb. A 
TaMb — noiiHKH 3HaJiu 9to— okojio naxHyBiueii MaxopKoio h mok- 
pbiMH*rojieH«maMH uepicoBHOii cropoacKH, bt> rfeHU, nojirb Abipa- 
bum-b HaBtcoMij, CTOfljia TeJitacKa Ha »ceji1i3HOM'b xoay, CT> 
HeKpameuuMH ApoacmiaMH, puHceii acepefion Ko6hiJiOM, ace- 
BaBiuefl cBtacyK) TpaBy, h noapocTKOM'b KynepoMt, Toace »e- 
BaBiuHMT> Kajia4i>-na[iyiiiii]]Ki> Bb oacimaHni xo3BHiia. IIocJiliAiiiH 
yace ToponJiHBo aanecb Hory bt> TejitacKy h, rpy3H0 ctB-b, 
KpiiKHyjrb: „CKop-6e, MoTbKa!", KaKt MOJioAbie otuu nojtftftcajia 
JierKofl pucijofi h, yxBaTUBiuiicb pytcaMii aa Ky30BT>, 3aBonmra: 

— Oreirb 6jiaroquHHHii!.. Ha MimyTyL ,H,tJioL 

— Ka-Koe?— yTOMJienHO ciipocmrb 6jiaro4UHHbiii. 
IloiiMaHHNH bt> coficTBeHHOH Tejitaucli, oht> Tenepb Cl> 

TpynoMt cflepMCHBaji'B nitB'b Ha HenoBopoTJMBaro MoTbKy, 
KOTopuft nponycTHJi r b y£o6HHii MOMeHTb noABflaaTB noanpyry, 

B3HTb B035KH H 3a4M0KaTb Ha JIOIHaab. 

— 5Kapa-TO Kaicafl, a bu — a^jio... Hy, <rro TaM-b? 

— ,H,a Bee 6 tomt> aee, — otbIsthjm nonHKa: — noMHHTe, o 
HeM?» Ha 8Torb ace caMOMT> M-fccTt bt> noaanpoiujiiJH qeTBeprb 
roBopajiH? llhxb Haap^Jio, o. 6jiaro4HHHbifiL 

Orervb fijiaroHUHHufi noMHmrb... Toi\na oht> to^ho Taicb ace 
6i*jrb aacrarHyrb r&M'b 3Ke o. IleTpoM-b H3i> KoHoSteBa h o. 
IIaBJioMi> ns-b KoHOTonoBa, Koxopue flo6pux , b flBa naca TpeBO- 
acujiH ero cbohmh nycTUMH pa3roBopaMH h HeocMucjieHHbiiMH 
npoeKraMH Hacqerb pejrario3Ho-HpaBCTBeHHo-3KOHOMH4ecKH-no- 
jiuTHqecKaro nojioacenia AyxoBencTBa. IIpeABUAa h Tenepb 
noBTopeHie Toro aee HCTH3aHia, oht> pa33paaceHno 6ypKHyjn>: 

— JJa yacb a CKaaajrb: Haanaqy... H Hasuaqy! 
- Koraa? 

— Hy, TaM-b, nocjrfe Ka3aHCKoir... Kaicb-Hn6yflb... 

— Hbrt, o. 6jiaroqnHHiJii... 3xo HeB03Moacno! Tarcb flojiro 
mm xcjiaTb He corciacHH... 

— Bbl... TO eCTb, KTO MCe 3T0? 

— Mh bc6... Bee fijiaroqHuie... nojiroaa acnajra h yacb 
ycrajiH... Tepntme HCTomHJiocb... Mu, HaKOHeEfb, mpedye.ml..— 
Ohh nonqepKHyjin 3to cjiobo. — Bt> fijiH^Kafioiee BocKpeceHbe, 
OTeAT* CjiaroqanHbifl, bt> 6jiu3Kafluiee! nojioacniejibHo Ha3ptjio*.. 
Mflo»cecTBO BaacHtftuiHX'b BonpocoBT)! 

— Haa^ptJio!..— 6pe3rjiHBo npon3Hecb 6jiaroHHHHMH h, sa- 
^caB'b oahhmx nej%TOMi> npaByio hosapk), BbiCMopKajicn no 
pyccKH... 

Tor^a o<5a 6tjiOKypHX^ nonHKa BApyn> no6jitflHtJiH orb 
o6hah h sanaJib^HBo BuroBopHJin: 

— Bm Bee eme cKOMopoinecTByeTe, o. TapaciH, CBoeii (pa- 
jiojioriefi? 



ft ftii&tlJJI JIUDUMS*. 

yaHHeHHKft BT> HeKOppeKTHOCTH, 6jiarOHHHHt*H BUJTblli H«* 

TejitacKH h cr&jn> nepeMHHaTbCH cb Horn Ha Hory, KaicB cjioh'b. 

— Jlfl a HH^ero, rocnofla... HToaet! Bt> BocicpeceHBe, Tan* 
bt> BocKpeceHbe... Tojibko ceroAHa B*Ab naTHHua,— ho ycntTB 

B^ OflHHTb A^Hb pa30CJiaTb HOBlSCTKH. 

— Mbl BaMT> nOM03KeMl>. 

— Toaee noMorajibmHKH!.. BepTKH bh tojibko Ha Horn na 
aa H&HiCb... AflKCbi! 

— TaMT> yBHAHMT>, oTeu,T> rpoMOBepacem*,— nomyTHJiH B* 
tohi* OTei^'b IleTpi) h OTeirb IlaBeJi'L. 

- Boh* o. EBreHiM ytxajrB kt> 6paTy Ha CBa«b6y, h OKHa 
aaKpHTiJ Ha riiyxo,— yKa3ajii> fijiaroHHHHbifi Ha nonoBT> aomt> 

<"b 3aKpbiTbIMH CTaBHflMH.— rA* HCC HOBtCTKH HHCaTB fiyfleiTB? 

— A BT> CTOpOHCKt?— npeAJI03KHJIH AflKCH. 

— fla B^Ab TaMT> hh nepa, hu 6yMarH... 

— Pa3Ao6yAeMi>!— cKa3ajii> o. IleTp-b h noetacaJTB HeMefl- 
jiemio btj JiaBKy, ta^ pa3opmica Ha Tpa kohMkh h Kyniurb 
inecTb jihctobt> ctpoii 6yMarn. 

Bonura bt> cTopoHCKy. Bjiaro^HHHHH ctoB bt> nepeAHift 
yrojit; Ahkch MycjiHJin 6yMary bt> crH6t h, oTpbiBaa, iracajra, 
a 6jiaro4HHH[KH, no Mtpfc HanncaHia noBicToicB, noAHHCHBaJica: 
„CBflm. Tapacia HeonaJMMCKin". 

Bet TpnHaAU,aTb iepeeBi> BocbMoro 6jiaroHHHia nonpomafi- 
cKaro y^Aa, cb AbflKOHaMH h AbmKaMH, npHrjiainajracb vb 
ceJio KoHo61ieBO kt> o. IleTpy Ha co6pame, jijih ptmeHia 
„HaaptBUiHX'b ,< HyacA'B AyxoBeHCTBa. Hepe3i> nacB bc* Tpoe 

BBIWJ1H BT> OAHO BpeMa H3T> CTOpOJKKH; 6jiarOHHHHHfl pacnpO- 

msuica h yixajrb. 

AflKCbi ace CB TpeyrojibHHMH naiceTHKaMH hohijih ohhtb no 
fiasapy HCKaTb My5KHK0B*b cociAHHX'B cejn>, hto6h repeat 

aMXl> BpyHHTb HOBllCTKH HX1> OTIXaMl* AyXOBHHM^ 



Bi> Ha3HaneHHbiH A^Hb kt> cejiy KoHotfteBy MHyjiHCb bkh- 
na:Kii cb AyxoBHUMH ocotfaMH. H3B MaTynieK'B npu6NJia OA»a 
TojibKO aceHa o. IlaBJia, ajih coA^tiCTBia aceHfc o. IleTpa m> 
paaJiHBaHbt naa Ha „TaicyK) opaBy". 

B-b Torb AeHB o6*AHa no onpyri BesAt 6HJia „no-paHy u ,— 
KaJKAOMy eaTioniKt xot^jiocb nocntTb kt> AOManiHeMy o6tAy 
n nGCJrfeo6'feAeHHOMy ^OTAOXHOBeBiio*, a Kb,; TOMy »ce h bt> 
codpaHia 6uTb co cBtoen tojioboh. 

XtbflHKH Toace npMrjiauieHu 6hjih bt> co6pame „H3i> tocth*; 
umb Aaace jibcthjih nepcneKTMBoii paBHaro rojioca (HeaaMtrao 
BucxaBJifljiocb, BnponeM'B, ycJiOBie, hto6h Ata^eK'B ^noABeai* 
na cBoen jiouiaAM nona); ho jiyicaBNe abh^kh, wb 6oJSbuiMBc?B% 



•MNtoioM puna. 61 



yKJiOHHiracB orb aTofl hccth, roBopa: w 3aTfcMi> mwbl Bork 
Ka<5u b*b AluieHCFcfc paBeHCTBO «a bt> nojiaxi**... 

Hat flMKOHOB'B aBHJiocb tojibko ABoe. npi1i3JRie pa3Mtm;a- 
jracb no flBopaMi> cooTB^TCTBeHHO CBoeMy 3BaHiio— nonu iioa- 
BepTHBaJin Kb nony, «lhkohh kt> ABflKOHy, ncajiOMmnmi kt> 
CBoeMy 6paTy HcaKiro, h tojilko ncajiOMmnicb 06yAteBi>, Tosa- 
pnacB o. IleTpa no ceMHHapin, cmIjjio aaHHJTb mIjcto bt> nono- 

BOMT> AOM*. 

Kb qacy aha BCt cBanjeHHHKH pacxaacBreajra bt> 3ajr6 jijih 
chaIwih napaMH no B03pacTaMT> — cTapue ct> CTapHKaMH, MOJio^ue 
cBoefl KOMnamefl. /JbaicoH'b 3pacrb h3t> MbiMpima Tepca okojio 
KpyrJiOM, acejitaHoft nenn, oxJiaatAaa o6t> Hee cboio cnu«y h 
noBepTHBaa roaoBy to Kb oAHy, to bt> Apyryio cTopoHy, 
CMOTpa no TOMy, oTKyAa nuia rpoMKaa (J>pa3a, npaBjieicaBiiiaH 
o^mee BHHMaHie. JjBa CTapNX*b ncajiOMmaica, HrHaTBiqi, a 
EropHH'B, BHCOKie, Tomie h Jibicwe, OAHOo6pa3HO noAnoacaHHHe 
cneuisuibHo cTapoAbanecKHMH ihhpokhmh bhuihthmh noacaxin, 
BHTHHyjiHCb y KocaKOBX bxoahoS ABepn, KaK'b cyAefiHhie 
npncTaBa, BTb totobhocth no6fc3KaTb, noAHHTb, ycjiyaurrb jtjie 
Aarb Koaiy nnHKa, ecjiH npHKarayrb. A flbflHeicb 06yji&wh, 
3aHHMaBmifi MtcTO AbfliKa jramb B*b Ka^ecTBt BpeMeuaaro 
o6cepBanioHHaro nyHKTa, ci> KOToparo jierqe BucMOTptTb xo- 
pomyro HeBfccTy h aoxoahhB npHX0A*b,— Bepr&Jica Bee Bpeun 
no cocfeflCTBy bt> ctojioboh, o6yqaa mojioahxt> nonaAeercb nvpt 
n wb HepBH" h BHCJiyuiHBaa orb hhxt> noxBajiu pa3HNMT> He- 
BtcTaM-b H3X xopomnxi), t. e. poACTBeHHHx-b hmi> ceMetf. 

0. IleTpa h o. IlaBejrb xoahjih M3t> yrjia bt> yrojrb, ycnjietinu 
aaHHMaacb npeABapHTejibHofi arHTauien; bt> pyKaxi> y unx% 
6hjih jihcth 6yMarn, KyAa ohh bhochjih Bonpocu, noAJieacamle 
o6cyac«eHiK) cotfpaHiau To oahh*, to Apyron noTJixoubKj 
cnpaniHBaJi'b: 

— Ay Bacb hto,— HaaptJio? 
EojibinHHCTBO oTtnyinBajiocb: 

— Ha3ptTb-T0 Ha3p"fejio, Aa He o<|>opMHJiocb. 
IIcaJiOMmHKH, MeaeAy npoHHirb, roBopnjra:— Hejn>3a jih Monb, 

Bcfexi* ncaJiOMni;H l iecKHX , b A^Tefi coAepncaTb Ha Ka3eHHbifi e^eiL? 
HHane „no huh , 6uihhm , b BpeMeHaM*" — neuia... 3aHecjm u 

BTOTb BOnpOCb. 

.HbHKOH'b 3pacrb, c-b cBoefi CTopoHU, saflBBJi-b: 

— HeJibaa jih o6xJionoTaTb HaM'b KaKOH-HafiyAb 3Haieicb 
AbaROHCRaro npeHMym,ecTBa, bi> cooTBtTCTBie cl nacTupcKiiMb 
KpecTOMi>? A to nonu noJiy^HJiH, a AbaKOHH— HH^ero... MeacAy 
TtMi*, mi> HayHHUXi* pafiorb npo$eccopoBi> AyxoBHbix'b aKa- 
AeMifi aBCTByerb, 4T0 bo BpeMeHa ohh AaBajiH KaMHJiaBKH ye 
TOJibKO nonaM'b, ho m AbaKOHaM'b, h Aaace Awi^KaMTb. 



62 juuojuii ffikXAHOJfb. 

— Bote icaK*!— B03jiHK0Bajra AbaiKH.— Kt> 8ToMy npeflMeTy 
h uu npucoe^uHfleMCfl... 

BucjryiuaB'B npnirb, Aaiccbi nonuiH bt» eTOJioByio cob*- 
m,aTbCH, KaKi> $opMyjiupoBaTb AbaicoHCKoe aaiiBJieHie. 

. — OGpaSOKT), HT0-J1H, BWb KaKOM? A? — MblCJMJTL BCJiyXl> 

o. IlaBejrB.-— KaKoro-6hi CBHToro? 

— ApxnAiaKOHa Cie$aHa, — pimHJTB o. fleTpx. — TaKi> b 
bammieMi). 

— H y MeHtf, omu, Bonpocb, — 3aaBHjn> OGyA'feeB'L. 

— IIosKaJiyficTa. 

— Be3ycjioBHO BaacHHfi... Atfa KOHHajiuxi>... Biopo-6H AyxoB- 
hhx*b HeBtcTi> yqpeAHTb. 

AflKCH paacep^iuiHCb m, no cTapoMy. TOBapnmecTBy, 060- 
3Bajin ero AypaKOMT>. Ofiy/rkeBt 6e3o6nAHO paacMiaJica h, CAa- 
Baa KapTH, nycnurb hmt> bt> AoroHKy: 

— KaAeTU... npeAco6opHbie... 

HoAroTOBHTejibHaH paOoxa tftuia KOH^eHa. Cpejona 3ajiH 
cTOfljrb ctojiT), a na hcmt> jieacajio HtcKOJibKO m&CTuxrb jihctob'b 
6yu*ra, ct> nojiAK)5KHHhi oHiineHHbix'b Kapawjiauieft h ab* <iep- 
HHJibHHUU vb py^KaMM. Ho coGpairie He oncpHBajiocb, noTOMy 
hto fijiaroHHHHUH Bee eme He aBJiajica. 

— Yacb npi&AerB-jiH? 

— Kaicx ace? CaMi> Ha3HaHHjrb... Bhaho iiobaho oGiAHio cay- 

3KHJTB. 

— Hy!— MaxHyjn> pyicoH ncaJioMmHtcb HrHaTH*rc>, earkacb: — 
Kt> bocbmh ^acaM-b 1 y HHXt h JiaAOHoarb He naxjio. npotoacajix 
a mhmo... 3Haio... ^To-HnGyAb Apyroe! 

— CnaTb &Y)6wrh 0. Tapaeift... Yxb, n jik>tt> ace no 3T0fi 
tocth,— cKasaji^ oahh?> hsx nonoBX. 

— Ho rjiaBHoe, MeAJiHTejieH'B, — npn6aBHjn> Apyrow. — 
no^KapTi y uuTb bx cejit Ghjix Bt TpeTbeM* roAy, Taicx 0. Ta- 
pacifl KpHHajix BcfeMT>: „He Topomrrecb, nocnteTe"... 

— A He Ha^aTb-jiH 6zm> Hero cotfpame? — npeAJioacHJTb 

KTO-TO. 

— Hto bx caMOMTb A^Jit? HaAo eMy xotb pa3X noKasaTb... 

— ^aBaiiTe 0. ABpaaMia bx npeAC&AaTejra... 

Ha 3T0 CaMblH CTaptlH CBameHHHK1> CB CeBaCT0nOJIbCKHMl> 

KpecTOM^ Ha rpyAH 3auiaMKajn>, 0T6HBaacb o61shmh pyKaMH: 

— CnacH TocnoAH h noMHJiyfi! KyAa mh*? HirL, Hivrb... 
fl Jiynoie yiay.— H ohi> cfliuiajrL ABHaceme Kh BHxoAy, ho ero 
yAepacajin. 

^.baKOHX 9pacT-b BApyn> cKa3ajn> pa3cyAHTejibHo: 

— Besx 6jiaroHHHHaro Hejn>3a^ 

H b*b 9Ty MHHyiy nocjiUHiajica cTyKX KOJiect hoa% OKHaMH. 
Mflorie Bbi6tiKajiH BCiptnaTb 6^:aroiMHHaro. 



60£6MO*»B* PMDKHIE 

— IIOfliHMaTB nOIU.TIH, - CBH3BHJn> OJIHBPB HOITB HO JSTb 

aapecy. 

— Padojitnie...~~noflTBepflHJn> cobc&kb MOJio^oft <5e3ycbifi 

nOHHICB H CK0H(|)y3HJICH. 

EjiaroHHHHfciii, boh^h, HCTOBo nepeicpecTirjicfl h o6jio6h- 

SaJICH CO BC&MH CBflmeHHHKaMH, a flbflKOHaM'B H AbflHKaMT> 

npoTHHyji-B AJiaHfc ;i;jih jio63aHiff, hto t* h czrfejiajra,— flbflKOHH 
co CTpaxoMT*. a ftwracH cb TpeneToarb, oTBtniHBaa noacHbie 

OOKJIOHH. 

— A yacb mh xorbJin no flOMaMi* paa'B'feaacaTfcCH, — aaMfc- 
thjtb bhobb npn6HBUieMy OTeivb TepBacifi. 

— Kyaa ToponHTbca?— cnoKOHHO OTBtrajn> o. TapaciH. — 
ycnteMTb... Hy, hto ace, HaHHejkTb, fijiarocjioBacb, — h owb aa- 
nijit „IJapK> He6ecHbiii w . Bet BdajiH h npHCoe#HHHJiH cboh 
rojioca. 3aTtMT> bt> npe/jckwejra eAHHorjiacHo H36pajm Toro 
ace o. Tapacia HeonajiHMCKaro, a AByxi> Aakcobt> npocHJia 
6htik cenpeTapHMH. IIpe3iJmyM'L ycfejica 3a ctojtb, bc6 npo*rie 
pa3M*CTHJincb no CTyjibflM'b h 3a,n;biMHJiH nannpocaMH. ,fl,Ba 
TouiHxt flbH^Ka cb crcpemeHHNMH Ha rpynn pyKaMH ctojjjih 
no-npeatHeMy y KOCflKOBt flBepn; hntb npefljiarajin cfecTb Ha 

CKaMblO, HO OHH CMHpeHHO 0T3HBaJIHCb: 

— iiocTOjiMt... Hauie xkno Tejia^be... 

— IIpoiTnTe, o. cenpeTapb, bt* neMt nanra flijia 3aKJiK>- 
HdiiOTCB,— npoB03rjiacHJn> npeflc&AaTejib. 

— BonpocH, noAJieacamie HacroameMy co6paHijo, — iirrajrb 
o. IIaBeji*b,— TaKOBH: 

1) o6t> yHHHToaceHiH jiaTHHCKaro h rpenecKaro a3HK0B , B b*b 
jyxoBHO-yHe6Hbix , b 3aBe,neniflx , B, 

2) o6t> ynpa3AHeHin aojukhocth Ha^npaTejien 3a y^eHH- 

KaMH, 

3) o6t> H3M*6HeHin chctcmh iiepKOBHaro cyAonpoH3BOACTBa, 

4) o BHSopHOM'B Ha^ajrfe ijepKOBHoft iepapxia, 

5) o noAHHTin aBTopmeTa .ziyxoBeHCTBa, 

6) o MaTepiajibHOMt ofieaneqeHiH ero ace, 

7) o6i> iepeflfcKOM'b BTopodpanin, 

8) o6t> yqacria MipaHT> B-b ijeprcoBHOii acH3HH, 

9) 06^ ynacTin nyxoBeHCTBa b*b nojiHTHHecKotf 3KH3HH 

CTpaHU, 

10)... 

— 0, TocnoflH! H enje ecTb? — nepe6Hjra> npeacfeflaTeJib 

yTOMJieHHO. 

— Ectb, — oTBtraax cenpeTapb, — Bcero ABaAuaTb £Ba 
nyHKTa. 

— 9ko HanptJio! TbMa... 

— Bojibho ace 6hjio He HasHanaTb coGpama paHbme, Bori> 
h HOflorHaJm Bee kt> ojjHQMy ahid. IIpHjxeTca nonoTt». 




M nw)i4l «hxam*v 

- HeyacT© ayicaeTe Bee cefl^tCB? H upowTAiraaro ao- 

BOJIbHO! % 

— 3a rjiaaa...— noflTBepac^ajin cTapnKH. 

— Bt> KaKOMx ace nopaAR* pa36apaTb? 

— ITo MoeMy,— 0T03Bajica npeAciAaTejib, — h*ao cb KopHa. 

— ITpaBHJIbHO. 

— Ho bt> neMT* ace, CpaTia, RopeHb? 

— #a— B'B caMOMi> j^tjit... Bi> qeifb raaBHoe Hame He- 

JCTpOflCTBO? 

— Otkphtb 6h tojibko KopeHb, a TaM*b TaR*B h nofifleirB... 

— Hy, TaK^ npomy BHCKaaaTbca, otiih... 

— IIo MoeMy,— Hanajrb onuwb CBameHHHRB He6oraTaro npn- 
xona, ho cb 6ojibinoH ceMbeft,~rJiaBHaa npn^Hna — Heofieane- 
HeHHOdb flyxoBeHCTBa, KOTopoe Bceuiuio aaBHCHTB orb npnxo- 
ataETb. HyacHO acajiOBaHbe. 

— fla BtAb th nojiynaemb, o. Mapicb? 

— A MHoro-JiH? Ha^o 6h BflBoe! 

— ypaBHATb 6u cnaqajia BC'fex'b, bo Bcb <5h npuxoAH «a- 
jiOBaHbe Ha3Ha^HTb, — BMtmajica CBanjeHHHRB 6e^ r b acajiOBaHba. — 
A to oahhm'b RSTDTb, a ApyrHMT>— He npornfeBaHTecb. 

— A rjxh TaKyio yfiMy fleHerb B3flTb? HHKaKoe rocyAapcTBo 
ne BHuepsKHTb,— B03pa3HJi , B 6jiarpraHHNtf.— .ZJame h AaiepHRa, 
ecjiii xoTHTe, Kb npHMtpy... 

— A no MoeMy, rjiaBHoe sjio b*b rowb, tto y Hacb nlvrb 
Butfopnaro Ha^ajia,— cRa3ajn> o. IlaBeJi'b.— HanpHMtp'b, (wiaro- 
qmniufi... SI He o6b otu$ Tapacin roBopio, a BOo6me... IIo- 
^eay ohx no Ha3HaneHiK)? IIoqeMy He Bi*6opHbifi? 

- XM...~3acMtajicH npeflciflaTejib: — He Hamero yMa oto 

A*J10_ 

— A Ha^o, hto6h 9To ufaio Harae Cbtiio! 

— H onaTb-TaKH, omu, rjiaBHtifi Haurb rpirb Kb oTcyr- 
ctbIh HaAJieacame nocTaBJieHHaro o6pa3oBama! — BaasHO bmI*- 
niajics o. OHjrann'b, mi* CTyAeHTOB'b ceMHHapiH. 

— CoBepnieHHo BtpHo, noATBepAHJTb TOHeHbKHJTb tojio- 

CKOM-L MOJIOAOfl CBHmeHHHRB, — H HOTOMy CJlt^OBaJIO <5h HaM*B 

saBecTH 6n6jiioTeKy, Aa He Rofl-RaRyro, a HacToamyio... hto<5h 
tumi> u CneHcep* 6bun>> h JUapBHH'b, h MapRCb... Botb cb 9Toro 
6u h na^aTb... 

— Bee 9to rocnofla, nenyxa, — Boapasnjrb o. TepBacift KeA- 
poJiuBancKifl, acHBonacHO noAHaBinncb cpeAH ROMHaTH h «e- 
criiKyjrHpya.—yHHTbca yacb noaAHO, HHTaTb HeRorAa a* h 
6e3nojie3HO, noA^ nepenoM'b-To yacb He M03ra, a onnjiKH. A a 
cKamy: rjiaBHUH HenopaAOR'b Hanieft khshh saRJiDHaeTca Wb 
aarpaAax'b. 

— KaR-b?- -Mzyuuxuch Maori* ctojib KtoaoxaiHOMy o6opory 

kEUCJDL 



cojioMOHOBo nw&BiK. 



65 



~ Bame coo6paaceHie He BCTaBJieHO bt> peecTp*, — 3aM*- 
THJIt o. IleTpi). 

— Hto ace H3i> Toro? fl npeAJiaraio BcraBHTB h xony ao- 
KaaaTL CBoe noJioaceHie. 

BjiarOHHHHHH, C006pa3MB'b, 4T0 nOAHflTHH BonpocB MeHb- 

nien ocrpoTBi, "rkwh BHGopHoe Ha^ajio a Bee nponee BnaoTB 
Ao nojiHTHHecKoii pojiH AyxoBeHCTBa, cKasaJi'B: 

— IIoacajiyftCTa, paaBHBaiiTe Bainy Hfleio, o. repBacifi!.. 

0. TepBacifi npHHajra noAodaromyio opaTopcicyK) noay h 
npoAOJiacajTB: 

— HarpaflH — BejiHKoe 3jio bt> qejioBtnecKofi hch3hh Boo6me 
a b*b nacTtipcKofi Hanna^e. H wb neAarorHHecKOM'B aijii owb 

BK6pomeHbI Bl> HOpMaJIBHHX'B IlIKOJiaXT>... HHTaJTB 06t> 3T0M1> 

He^aBHo. Ha, HarpaAH nocejiaiorB bt> cepAijaxi* 3aBHCTb h 
t^mtb pasotfmarorB AyxoBeHCTBo, aacTaBJiaiorB ero noAJiaaea- 
BaTtca k*b HanajiBCTBy, npoHHKaTBca jiyxowb HHSKonoiuioHCTBa 
h pa6ojr6nia; owb BHOcarB HeBfcaeecTBO, h6o kto noHTeH'B, tott> 
CJiaBeHt h yuewb. Kb HeMy TorAa 6htb o6pa30BaHHHM , B h 
yKpainaTB cboh yMi> HayieaMH, a cepwe Ao6poA*Te,JiaMH, Korffa 
cyHyjrB BsaTKy h oqyrajica BBepxy Bcftra h Aaace Ha rojio- 

BaX'B BCaKHX'B yMHHKOB'B? 

- BipHo!— noflTBepacaaJiH MHorie. — BtpHo! 

0. TepBacifl eme 6ojiBine BooAymeBHJica, n6o 3to 6hjio 
caMoe 6ojiLHoe m^cto wb ero Aymt... B'B HaHajrfc cjiyac6H no 
nacTH HarpaA^ eMy Beajio. Ha nepBOMt aee ro«y oht> cjiobhjtb 
KaKHMX-TO Hynowb Ha6eApeHHHKi>, noTOM'B no ABa roAa Kpaay 
ABa 6jiarocjioBema cBarMmaro CHHOfla, oaho ct> rpaMOTOH, 
Apyroe 6e3i> ohoE. Ki> ABaAijaTH nara roAaMt oh'b hochjtb 
yace (JiojieTOByio cicy<|>BK), a eme qepeB* ceMB-BOceMB ji^tl h 
KaMHJiaBKy... 

HyMaJi'B o. TepBacin, ito h BnpeAB A&Jio TairB ace rjiaAKo 
noHAert, ho BApyrt o6opBajiocB. Ilponuio AecaTB jiiT'B nocjrfe 
KaMHJiaBKH, HaAo 6u yace KpecTB HanepcTHNH nojiy^HTB, a ero 
HirB, KaK'B h*ti>! TjiaAHHiB, eme naTB JifcrB npoMejiBKHyao, 
a o HarpaAaxTb Bee hh cjiyxy, hh Ayxy... ToBapHm,n, kotophx'b 
o. TepBacift onepe3KajrB B'B mojioaocth, Tenepb a^bho bc6 060- 
raajra ero h Ha^ajiH 3a3HaBaTBca. 06hahoL IIo Hanajiy o. Tep- 
Bacifl AyMajn>, hto npn^HHa chahti* bt> 6jiaroHHHHOM , B, h, cTa- 
paacB ycTpaHHTB OHyio, no ABa roAa nepeA 1 * cpoKaMH HarpaA- 
huxx npeACTaBJieHifi HeynyarirrejiBHO npeaeHTOBajii* o. Tapaciio 
no napi mchbhx'b hhaiokob'b Ha njieMa, ho Tojucy otb 3Toro 
HHKaKoro He 6hjio, h B'B nocjiiAHifi paa'B, npHHHMaa TpeTBK) 
napy hhaiokobtb, fijiaro^HHHHfi Aaate CKa3ajii>, B3AoxHyBmn: 
^HanpacHo!" Cob*£ctjihboctb o. Tapacia npocTepjiacB ao Toro, 
hto oh'b OTAapHJi'B o. TepBacia napofi yTOKi»... 

HeKa6pb. OTiiiwn» I. 5 



M inojuft huixahotj.. 

— Mfemaer* Tain> kto-to Basra*, — npoMOJiBHjrs npn 9Tomt> 
faaroiHHHuft. 

H tojibko Tyrb oc4hhjio o. TepBacia npoaptme... Oitb 
icnoMHHJix, K&Kh poBHO 12 jibvh Hasa^i, y Hero npoH3ornjia 
Hetfojibmaa CTNHKa ct> kohchctopckhm'B npoToiepeearB... Oitb 
AaBHO 3a6ujr* o Heft, ho mam o6naa, oneBHAHo, He 6wJia 3a- 
6uTa! 

H ^tyBCTBo, Taie& «aBHO sapoHeHHoe bt> Ayiny o. TepBacia 
KOHCHCTopcKoft HecnpaBeAJiHBOCTBro, ffHKTOBajio eMy TenepL bt> 
co6paHin cocJiy»CHBi;eB'B BAOXHOBeHHyio ptnb, KOTopaa bo 
MHorHXT) cepAqax'B Hamjia ropanifi otkjihicb. 

— HiaiCB,— aaKJiro^HJTB o. TepBacift, fftjiaa 9HeprHiecKiH 
KecTB,— Haflo C0BcbM*B OTKasaTBca otb bchkhx'b HarpaA'B. K*b 
TOMy oh* ayxoBHOMy jinny, cjiyatHTejiro npecTOJia Eoacia, B'fe'j- 
Hoft npaBAH? HarpaAH HyjRHbi ajih Mipa, Aaa bhahmocth, ajih 
noneTa, cyeTHOCTH. Ho BorB 3HaerB... HarpanH 6yAyi"B Ha He- 
tfecax'B... Ha aeMjrfe jui& BoatBaro ^tjia He HyacHbi noompeHia 
HeJiOBtwcKia... KorAa 6u, A*3cTBHTeJibH0,. rocnoAB Aasaji* 
era Harpaau .. A to, bIjab, hcjiob'&kh... Aa h KaKie?.. Kohchctop- 
CKia KpbicH... H aa hto? 3a M3Ay!.. 

— npaBHJiBHo!!! 

— KorAa ate, fipaiia, He CyAerB HarpaA'B, h mh 6y%ewb 
bc* paBHu, Toraa HCToprayTca h3*b cepAua Hainero saBHCTB h 

ayKaBCTBO, BOABQpHTCH BT> HeMTb OAHO flOfipoaceJiaTeJIBCTBO B3aHM- 

Hoe, h Ha now6 paBeHCTBa noacHBeMT) Ao6pe H OjiaronecTHO, 

MHpHO, BKyn*6, B'B ejiarOMT* eAHHeHiH BCfeCB, BO eflHHOMTb 

o6m,eM'B ynoBamn HarpaAH otb Oma He6ecHaro. 

— npaB^a! HpaBfla!— 3aryA*6JiH KpyroM'B cBameHHHKH, a 
ncaJiOMHtHKH ci> flBaKOHaMH, o6peneHHHe Ha Bi^Hyro 6e3HarpaA- 
hoctb, Toro nyme... 

JJpnro He CMOJiKaJiH fiypHtie anaoflHCMenTH... OpaTopi ace, 
erne 6ojn>me BOOAynieBJieHHBifi hmh, rpoMKo h aaiiajib^HBO 
BoaraacHJix: 

— Otkh h 6paTla! OTKaateMca otb HarpaA'B, KaicB otb 3Jia, 
KaicB otb rpixa, h noaoacHMi* Ha^ajio HOBOMy Ao6poMy skhtIio! 

— nojioacHMi*!— peBtaa TOJina. 

— CocTaBHM'B MOTHBnpoBaHHoe nocTaHOBJieme h nomaeM'B 
BJiaAWK*! 

Tosna aaxBa^eHa 6Haa o. TepBacieMi), acawnb ohb— TOJinoio... 

KorAa ohi> HanajTB tobophtb, ohb cobc6mte> He npe^nojia- 
rwB, hto npaserB Kb TaKOMy KOBuy... 

HacrynHJia nayaa. Kto-to B3A0XHyjn> HeoacnaaHHo ^Jia 
oe6a, He to npomaacB Ha BiKi> cb opAeHOM*B, He to KaacB btb 
HenpaieAHO cTaacaHHoft KaMHJiaBick... 

— A He HaropnrB-JiH HaMi* aa 9to?— Bapyri nocaHuiajrocB 
wn yraa uojyh oCpaaaMii, 



K 



C010M0H0B0 PftlfflHIB. 6f 

— Hy!— oTBtHajiBf cb npoTHBonojio«Haro Komja, — faro 
paAH 6yAyTT>! B^ab b'b ro«y oraycKaeTca H3BtcTHoe hhcjio 
MMJiocTen, no nponopuiH... A pasx mh bt> ctotb He BoftAeiTB, 
AJia Apyraxx oCjierHHTca*, sHaHHTb, cnocofo cRopMmaro 
Bocnpiaria. 

— KaKi* B3rjiaHyrB eme!— npoAOJiKajrb cKenTOieB. 

— KaiCB hh rjiaflH, xoponio bhxoahtb! Pas* mh omasH- 
BaeMca, 3HaHirrB, mh— CMHpeHHH. A CMHpeme— Ao6poA*Tejn>. 
A A^a Ao6poA*feTeJiH paaBt nojiaraeTca npenoHa? 

— A ecjia... 

— KTO HaMT* 3anpeTHTT> 6HTB CMHpeHHHMH?— BoniajrB HC 

6e3x ropAOCTH oahh-b nojiHHH 6aTK>nnea, yAapaa ce6a bi rpyfffc. 
—He xothm'b— h 6acra! CMHpeHie— oho, (SparB... 

— IIpaBHJiBHo!— ryaftna bt> yrjiy 6acoBaa HOTa, h ee hoa- 
AepacHBaJiH cb Apyraxx ftoHqoB'B TeHopa: 

— Aa, TyrB HejiBsa npHAHpaTBca... AofipoAfcreaB — oHa, 
6parB, TBepAHHa KaMeHHaa, MaaieB... 

CKenmK'B 6hjtb BHnratfjieH'B h3*b hobhiuh, ho Torfla BHCTy- 
imjvb o. MapKi>, Ha Bee HM^Bmift ckjiohhoctb CM0Tp1m> cb 

HHCTO 9K0H0MHHeCK0fl TOHKH 3ptflia. OhT» TOBOpHJTB XpHHJIO, 

tohho cb nepenoa: 

— A He coHiyrB-JiH 9to 8a acejiaHie 0TKa3aTBca KOCBeHHHMi 
nyiewb otb npaMHX'B HaJioroB'B? HarpaAM b^a* otfjioaceHH 
c6opoMT>, Taicace KaiCB KapTH, bhho h BcaKaa Tanaa mTyica... 
3a HafieapeHHuieB noacajiyflTe Tpn pyfijiHKa, 3a cKy^bio— 
naiepKy, sa KaMHJiaBKy— KpacHeHBKyio, a aa npoToiepeficTBO— 

H BCK) HOJICOTHK). H BCe 3T0 HAeTX B'B HOneHHTeJIBCTBO o 64a- 

hhx'b Haaiero 3Bama. Ilojiaraio, co Bcanaro fijiaroHHHia Vb 
cpeAHesfB Ha6tMtHT , B py6jraK0B , B copoK^, naTBAecarB? 

— Hafi'feHCHT'B, — HOATBepAHJii) ejiaro^HHHii, Hepesi) KOToparo 
injiH BcaKie ctfopu bt> kohchctopik). 

— Hy, botb... H Tan-B noflMyrB, hto mh 0TKa3HBaeMca 
noAAepacHBaTB baobx h cnporB... A noTOM-B, rjWAB-norjiaAB, 
naTb cTapyxx fiesx iAH yMpyTB otb Hamero npoTOKOJia h 
<5yAyTB Ha HacB acaJioBaTBca Ha tomx cBtrfe. 

Bo3paateHie 8to sacTaBHJio MHorax'B npHsaAyMaTBca; ho 
o. TepBacift Hainejiea: 

— A ecJin CTaHeMi> He tojibko CMHpeHHHMH, ho h 6jiaro- 

pOAHHMH?.. BoSBMeMT* Aa H SMIBVlWb, HTO B3H0CH Ha nOHeTO- 

TejiBCTBo npHHHMaeM'B h 6e3T» H'arpaAB... 

— 3a He cyntfa, ano 3a cymia!— <J>opMyjrapoBajrB 3Ty mhcjib 
Apyron OTdj-B. 

— Jta. He 3a caMHa HarpaAH, a 3a noTeHuiro Kb ohhmi>. 

— 3a noTeHuiio... Xa-xa! He o6jioacaT , B! 

— Ofijio^caT'B! Ea-Bory, o6aoacarB! 

• flcajioMmHK'B 06yAteB*B, noKHHyB^ mojioahx'b nonaAeeicx 

r 



()8 tfHfcOJlAil lUHXABOHh. 

KOTopHX'b o6fcirpajrB na nojuopa u&jikobhx'B, BHiueJTB bt> 
aajiy h cicasaji'B: 

— Hero cnopHTe? Ilponoptjia ptraaert jifaio. Kto bt> Hee 
BOHAerL, totb n.naTH. H ecjra hepBHft HJieH'B nponopuia, to 
edb hhcjio Harpafl'B ocTaHeTCH 6e&b H3M&HeHia rjih. enapxin, 
a hxt> pacxBaTaiOT i B > to KaKaa ace BAOBima 6ywrh hchtb tojio- 

AOM'B? 

— A Bt^b npaBAa!..— cnoxBaTHJiHCB noira. — YMtenib th 
coo6pa»caTB, Hkob'b HBanHH'B. CTyAeHTOM'B kohhhjtb? 

Ho JJkob'b HBaHBTTB ocTaBiwrB 6e3T> OTBfrra BonpocB h, 
noo^epeAHO HaKJioHaacB naAi* OTijaMH, KHBajrB nm> tojioboS 
Ha OTBopeHHyio ABepB, vjik MaTyniKH cTy^ajin ^aiiHHMH jiohc- 

KaMH o CTaKaHH. 

— B'B Kyjiyapu, otijbi, ^b Kyjiyapw... npocarb MaTyniKH 
AJiH npocBtoiema yMa h MHCJien, — mema-jra 06yA , feeB r b. — Ha- 
rp*Ji , B a kxt>\— yxMHJiajica oh'b, — jihxo! 

MHoroAyMHoe co6paHie ycTpeMHJiocB HeMeAJieHHO B'B „icy- 
jiyapH". TaMT> BHCKa3HBajiHCB oco6na mh'&hui, KOTopua moimih 
6htb HeyAo6HH b-b ofimeM-B npncyTCTBiH. 

HM^Bmie KpecTH nyBCTBOBajra ce6a HejioBKo, KOtAa viwb 
roBopHJin: 

— A hto, o. SeoAocia, ct> KpecTaMH-To BOAKa BKycnie 

HJIH KaiCB? 

— Bee paBHo,— CMymajica KpecTOHOceirB. — Bejraica Baac- 
hoctb opAeHT*... Hto b'b newb TOJiKy bt> cejift? Ka6H B'B ropoA*, 
b'b cofiopb, Ha uapcKOMi* uojie6wb— Hy, BceTaKH... 

— A MyHCHKH He HOHHMaiOT'B? 

— He HOHHMaiOT'B H He ^yBCTByiOTB. 

— Jlnnraaro KOBHia pyra He npadaBjiaioT'B? 

. — ,ZJa KaKOH ace AypaieB no pyry xoaht'b b'b opAeH*? 

— Xe-xe-xe... CyeTa, anaHHTB? Oahht* pacxoA'B?.. 

— TaKT> TfTo ace, CTapnKH? CoraacHH? B'B BacB rjiaBHaa 
npyacHHa... 

— Mh He HecT0JiK)6n,H,— OTBtiajiH rb.— Xotb cb HarpaAaMH, 

XOTB 6e3I> OHBIX'B, HaMl* BCe paBHO, MH CBOfl BlilCB IipOMCHJIH. 

— Ohh yacB Bca Gjiaraa Bocnpiajin bt> atHBOTfe CBoeM'B, — 
BCTaBHJii* o. TepBaciH. 

CTapHKH nfeCKOJIBKO CK0H<J>y3HJIHCB, a MOJIOAHe pa3CM4aJIHCB, 

ho CMteoMTb MarKHM'B, AofipoAyniHHM'B. OcyacAaJiacB nponuiaa 
rjiynocTB, nycToe nofipaKyineeTBo, KOTopoMy npaniejiB KOHeu,^ 
bi> cepBe3Hoe ropanee BpeMa, h HHKOMy 9Toro nponmaro He 
McajiB, KaicB pe6a^iBefi raynocTH... P^hb nma o mojioachch, o 
CyAymeM'B, KorAa HOBHe *03aeBa mch3Hh BtraeTyrB HaicoiiHB- 
miHca ot"b npeAKOBT> xjiaMT> h cop^. 

CTapHK'B o. ABpaaMiM, KpaxTa h no3BaKHBaa ApeBHeio ce- 
BacTonoJiBCKOK) m4abio o HOBMmee cepe6po, BHCKasajTB: 



COwlOMOHUBO P-BIUEHIK. 69 

— KpeCTH— HTO BT> HHXT>? ToJIbKO KT> 3eM*T& npHraearorB... 

BHAHTe? — H owb Huace crop6HJiea h jiobtophjtb: — Tara 
bhh3t>, a ne bbhcb... BoTh Ka6H KpecTH o6jiaAaJin Taieoft 
HyAOflMcTBeHHotf chjioh, hto MorjiH 6h chhtb ct> nnewb aoJioft 
AecaToiCB-Apyrott jt&tb, TorAa 6u a cb BaMH nocnopHJTB. . 
MojioAHe yjiHfiHyjuicB. 

— Hfflb th, Hero 3axoT , &ji r b... IIonjiacaTb? 

— yxi>, h naacyii'B ace 6hjtb a, oma, B r b Banin toah! 

— TpaxHH-Ka cTapMHoft. 

— HfcrB y«T>, AOBOJibHO... H BaMi* He coBtTyH). IIponjiacaji f b 
a bi> cBoe Bpewia, ropbKO cicaaaTb, npoToiepeiicTBO. H Aocejrb 

nOMHaTB H He B03BOAHTB... 

— 3ndL<mYb, syfix HMfeemb?... 

— KaKoii 3y6T>!.. jJaBHo Bcfe noBNiiaAaJin... H KycaTbca He 
xoneTca. Hireero He naAo! CyeTa Bee... TJifeH-b h npax'B 9th 
narpaAH. Bnojinfe corJiaceH'L cb BaMH. 

MyApocTB CTapija pfeuiujia A^Jio, oco6eHHO nocjrfe Toro, 

KaKT> KTO-TO HST* MOJIOAeECH nOJIBCTHJTB: 

— CiapHKH — xoporaie TOBapamn! 

— A TO? Mbl TaKHMH H BT> BafflH TOAM 6HJIH. Mbl He HCKa- 

TejiBHH. He mh hijih icb HarpaAaMX, oh* caMH icb HaM'B... 

— A MH BOTB XOTHMT*, HT06H OH* HHKOrAa ICB HaM'B H He 
npHXOAfliUHl 

— Bh AaJiBine nacB noftAefe.... IIIaraftTe! C'B BoroM'b! 
IIpenaTCTBia He OKaateMx. 

— TorAa, SHaiim, eAHHorjiacHo? 

— EAHHorJiacHoI EAHHorjiacHOI 

— Tojibko bt> TaKOM^b cjiyHat h 6yAerb hm%tb B*cb Hame 
nocTaHOBJieme. 

— HmchhoL EAHHorjiacHo! 

— H eAHHOAyniHo! TaiCB h nnuiHTe. 9fi, o. IleTp-B! 0. IlaBeJTB 

TaK*B H HHHIHTe! 

— CjiyniaeM'B, — otbIvthjih ceKpeTapn. 

Em;e bhiihjih... ^ofipHH reHift aBHo qapiurB bt> cHHefi 
Mrjit Ta6a^Haro AHMa HaA'B BHCOKonoAHaTHMH, BCXoxJiemraMH 

a B360ApeHHHMH TOJIOBaMH AyXOBHHX'B OTIJOB'B, KaCaaCB CBOHM'B 
MarKHM'B KpHJIOM'B AJIHHHNX'B B0JI0CB. OtIJH TO A^HJIHCB Ha 

rpynnH, to Bet oicpyacajra Koro-Hn6yAB OAHoro, KOMy yAajiocb 
npHBJieHB oCnjee BHHMame ocvrpoft $pa3oft, m^tkhm^ cjiobom'b. 
CeKpeTapn-aaKCH nacajiH npoTOKOJTB, H3o6paacaa bt* HeM^ 
bc4 mothbh, cTapaacB hh OAHoro He 3a6tiTB. Ohh TaicB cepbe3Ho 
3aHaTH 6hjih sthm'b a'Sjiom'b, hto Aaace He bhhhjih hh 
w eAHHofi a ... 

— TocnoAa! — o6pamaaca kt> h^ckojibko BaxMfcjiiBineMy 
co6pamro o. IleTp'B. — Bot*b o. BacHJiifi roBopnrB, hto HarpaAH 
pasBpamaiorB AyxoBeHCTBo. Bctrbhtb sto hjih wbnti 



70 HHEOJUft tUflXAfttyfil. 

— BcTaBJiflfi! numnl 

— A o. rparopift roBopnrB, to Harpaam icaoaDTca Bceraa 

JlHUt HeAOCTOflHHXTb— ©TO HHCaTB? 

— IlHinH! Bee mima! 

— Hy? H ^Bceraa*— nncaTL? 

— Jlynu! Bo Bca TH&Kaa! Bcerfla, hhh* h npacno, bo b£kh 
jj-faKoirb, aMHHfc! 

Hepe3*B nac-B hpotokojtb cocTaBHjra h npoHJiH fccjiyx*, npa 
4eMb HiKOTopwe otijh y»e aepaeajiHCB sa njienn TOBapameft, 

CKJIOHHB'B OTflaCeJliBmifl TOJIOBH BHH3T>. 

XIpoTOKOJTb BHmeji'B Ha cjiaBy, cTpoftHHii, rjia^Kifi h BtcKifi. 

HaHHHaJicfl OH'B cJioBaMH: „Mn, HHaeenofliracaBiniecH, co6- 

paBmncB b*b cejrfe KoHoeteBt, no mojihtb* Cb. JJyxy, H 

apHHJIB'B BO BHHMaHie, BO-nepBHX*B\.. CjT&flOBaJIO 12 nyHKTOB'B... 

— JIobko— flBi-HaroaTb! HyTb He no nacjiy codpaBnraxca.,. 

— „IIocTaHOBHJiH: BcenoHTHTejiBHMme h BceycepaHMme 
xOAaTaficTBOBaTB npeffB Ero IIpeocBflmeHCTBOM'B, HamaMT* Mn- 
jiocTBBMniHM'b ApxnnacTHpeM*B h OmoM*B, Aa6bi OHoe Cjiaro- 
4UHie pa3*B HaBceraa Chjio ocBo6o»fleHO orb bchkhx'b Harpaai* 

aO BCtM'b B$flOMCTBaM , B a . 

— IliuiHfi jihctb... Oro, botb TaKx BOopyaceHie... Moprapa... 

^HHHWfi TOM'B! 

— noAHHCHBaflTecb, o. npeac&zjaTejiB. 
BjiaroHHHHbifi, BoopyacHBniHCB o^KaMH, dajTB nepe^HTHBaTB 

h yKa3HBaTB Ha nponycicB sanarax'B; b*b oahomt* Mtcrfe He 
KCTaiH ynoTpeCjieHHaa 6yKBa n 6HJia, no ero yica3aHliD, cna- 
ctjihbo noflTepTa h npeBpameHa b^ e\ ho h nocjrb Toro 
u. Tapacin MeAJiHJTB nojjnHCHBaTB. 

— Hero ace bh? 

— Si nocjitffHHM'B, rocnofla... IlycTB bc* bh cHanajia... KaitL 

BQflHTCa— CB MJiaAniHX'B. 

— HaerB! Koe Micro? 

— Mh bc4 paBHH... IIo aji(J>aBHTy. 

- 9to npaBHJiBH*6e— no aji<j>aBHTy. Aji<j>eeB*B! EBapecroB'B! 
MoryjioB'B, TnBepiaAOB^! 

— A HaifB Kyaa — wb ajuJmBHTB BpfeaTBca, hjih KaacaoMy 
Krb CBoeMy HacToaTejiK) npaTKHyTBca? — HeoflyMiBajra abahkh 
h .UHrcoHa. 

— B^ oco6nn;y... noHHaee nporax'B, noBHme ceiepeTapa,— 
noKaauBaji'B hm*b Micro o. IleTp'B. 

BjiaroHHHHHft Tbwb BpeMeHeMTb CTpeMHJica yjraaHyTB, h 
yne \ BejrB TairacTBeHHHft pa3roBopi> cb Motbkoh, KOTopoMy 
Bejrfurb nojiaTB Jioma^B, a caM^ pasHCKHBajrB nuiany, Kor.ua 
o. repsacifi noiiMajrB ero aa noJiy h npHBejn> o6paTHO bs> 
KOsinaTy. 

— OA*Jiafl Bee no (£>opwb... noAQHimi 



r 



oommwoBn p*nmx. 71 

— $L ffOMa... 

— 9, h*6tb... Henero t6hb HaBOAHTB... 

— PyKH apoacarb... 

— A th BHneft wh xpa(5pocTH... Botb!— H o. TepBacift 

HaJIHJTL 6jiarOHHHHOMy nOJIKHOBKH. 

— Ilepo hto-to He Toro... cfcopftioe, pacaBoe. 

— Amu BaifB CBliaceHBicoe, — nojjKJiajiHBajiH pynicy o. 6jia- 

rOHHHHOMy. 

IIpenaTCTBia 6hjih TaKHM* ofipaaoirb ycTpaHeHH. Ham 
rojioBoft 6jiaro<ranHaro, CHOBa npocMaTpHBaBinaro 3a ctojioitb 

npOTOKOJIt, CTOHJIH nOHH CB JIHHeftKaMH, a KTO H CB HOMCHq- 

KaMH b*b pyicax'B... 

— Hy, affaa, noAMaxHBafi!— HeTepirfeaiJHBo noaroHfljra cTa- 
pHKn, onacaBiniecfl, Kant 6u o. Tapacift He ocraBHJTB hxx bb 
EypaicaxTb Barker* cb MOJioaeacBK) h flBa<HcaMH.— ^a cmotph, He 
KanHHl— npeaynpeat^ajiH ohh, 3Haa noBa^Ky CjiaroHHHHaro 
BautnjiHTB H3"B HepHHJibHHUH fioJiBmyro 3ejieHyro Myxy, Korw 
6yMara eMy noieMy-JiH6o He HpaBHJiacB. 

BjiaroiHHHUH noanHcajrB, HaieoHeivB, h, HafipaBi vb cboh) 
(SoraTbipcKyro rpyffB sosayxa, BiinycnwrB: 

— y-y-yxT>L 

CeFcpeTapH mchbo noflXBaranH cBoe TBopeHie, nonyjra Ha 
He aacoxmia nepHHJia, h^mi-to npnauienHyjiH, TopominBO aa- 
nenaTajra vb KOHBeprB h Hatf&JiH nuumi*. 

— Kyua norajiH? 

— Ha noHTy. 

— ,Ha b^ab aanepTa... npaa^HHK'B, — aaroBopajTB tfjiaro- 
tohhhA, He npeanojiaraa TaKoro crpeMHTejiBHaro oCopoTa fftjia. 

— IIOXJIOnOHeM'B,— CnOKOflHO OTBtTHJIH AflKCH.— nOTTMetf- 
CTep*B yBaHCHTT>. 

Tonia fiaaroHHHHHft aaroBopHJTB nenaJiBHo: 

— Jlfl. KaKB ace, po6flTH, 3T0 fllUIO-TO BiflB Moe~ nocHjiaTB 

6yMara?.. PanoprB a floJiraeffB npncoBOKynHTB.. Hpn pa- 
noprfe... 

— Orapo 3to, o. 6jiaroraHHHii, crapo.. Othchjio cBotfBfacB... 
CyTB He B'B panopTaxx... 

— y-y-y^'Bl— eme pa3"B BsaoxHyjiB (JjiaroHHHHHit, cb ot- 

HaHHieM-B B3MaXHyjTB pyKOH HpeffTb HeH36iHCH0CTBK> HaABHraBD- 

meficH onacHOcra h, nyBCTByn cpaay Heo6biHafiHufl ynaaoicB 
chjtb, noAomeji'B k*b cTOJiy cte> HajiHBKaMH h HanajiB nocniniHo 
npHKJiaff biBaTBCH. . . 

— Hy, h oaopHHKH ace BamH ejiaiw&pHHe... KaKB tojibko 
bh cb hhmh acHBeTe?— niyraJi'B oh*b cb mojioaumh nonaflefiKaMB 
nocjit ^eTBepTofi: piomkh nojiuHOBKH. - Ee3*B panopTa... Xm.. 

cxBaTHJin h— 6e3*B panopTa... xm... 

— #a, ga, o. 6jiaroHHHHufi... Oflm—yacacHHe c&mobojbhhkh 



1 



72 HMKO^Afl inHXAHOBl*. 

— BMfcmaaca b'b paaroBopi* 06yAteB'B > — ohh Aaaee hx*b botb 
ijIwiyiDrB 663^ panopm.. 

06* MaTymKH CTHAaHBO 8apyMaHHJlHCI> H CB npHTBOpHHM'B 

rntBOM'B y^apHjiH ocTpoyMija BiepaMH no KyApaBoii tojiob*. 
A 6jiaroHHHHHfl, BCMOTpiBinHCB B'B 3arayTHe BBepx'B ycH 
cM^Jiaro h lopnaro ncaaoMmHKa, daMlmurb, Kanaa roaoBoft: 

— Hy h Co^pOH-B ace! Th, napeHb, KaK'B a noraaacy... no- 
xaenje KafleTOBi*!.. 

Ha nowfe naicerB npHHaaa. OmH-AaKcu, BoaBpamaacb; 
noAonura kt> AOMy bt> Ty MirayTy, Kor^a mT> pacKpHTtix'B 
okoh'b cb aejieHHMU CTaBHaMH noHecjiacB ntcHa: ^OrpiinHMca 
otb daparo Mipa". JlencoE noxoAKoii cKoaB3HyB*B no cTyneHB- 
Kaifb KpHJiBija, ohh 6HCTpo B6tataan B'b aaay, hto6h npncoe- 

AHHHTB KB XOpy H CBOH TeHOpa*, Meatfly TfefifB KaK'B BCTpeBO- 

aceHHHH o. Tapacia ncnyraHHO nepe61sraa , B aanaeTaiomHMHca 
HoraMH otb oflHoro ki> npyroMy, yB'&meBaa'B, BpaayMJiaJi'B n 
pyraJica: 

— OrjiameHHHel Ci yMa bh comaa! 06iAmch cbo6oah-to, 
KaK'B 64aeHBi! YHMHTecb! 3aMoaKHHTe! 

KoMHaTa cTOHSuna orb KomyHCTBeHHHX'B 3ByK0B*B; Hero- 
Ayrome K0Jie6aancB (JjOTorpa^HHecKia KapTOHKH npe^KOBi* a 
apxiepeeBi*, paaBfcniaHHNa B'B KapTOHHHX'B paMKax*B no crfc- 
HaM'B... EaaroiHHHHii, HaKOHeiub, njironyjiB h, 6e3noMom,HO Ma- 
xaa o6 , 6hmh pyKaMu, noff'B o6m,m cm6x , b ydtacaax nepesx 
6aJiKOHHyio flBepb b-b caAT>. 

B'B KOMHaTaX'B 6HJI0 AyniHO, H CKOpO BC* BHUIJIH Ha CB*- 

acin BoaAyx'B. 

— A xopomo <5n bot*b ba^cb Ha npoxaaAU* h Apyrie Ha- 
apiBinie BonpocH pfcinHTB,--npeAaarajrB o. IlaBejrB.— Ho m$ 
Hann> fijiaroHHHHHfi? 

— nomeai) B'B KOHonjiH BM r 6cr6 cb ceBacTonojiBn,aMH. 

— 0. 6jiaroHHHHHfl!— KpHHaJiH nepes'B npacjio. — A ocTajib- 
HHe-TO Bonpocu? 

— IIoniJiH bh Bet k*b nepTy!— 0T03BaJica na^ KOHonaetf o. 
Tapacifi. — B'B MOHacTHpb cb BaMH yroAHinb... 

— Xa-xa-xa... 

Ho 6hjio acHO, hto Apyrie BonpocH npnxoAHTca Ha btotb 
pa3T> OTaoacHTB. CTapHKH ycTajiH, yKaaAHBaan peraain h Ka- 
MHaaBKH B'B oco6bie (JyTaapif h crpeMHaHCB AOMoft. PacxoflHB- 
maaca MoaoAeacb TmeTHo yAepacHBaaa hx*b. 

— Ky^a ToponaTecb? IIoflMHTe, hto TaKoe eAHHOAyniie BHme 
Bcero HCHTeEcKaro. B^ab 9to ptAKia MHHyTH! B'B Bame BpeMa 
3Toro, noAH, He 6hjio? Hame nocTaHOBaeHie, MoaterB 6htb, 
eAHHCTBeHHoe B'B GBoeM'B poA'fe Ha bck) enapxiio! 

— Maao— Ha bcio Pocciio! -nonpaBaaaa Apyrie. — BocbMoe 
fiaaroHHHie UonponiaHCKaro yfe3Aa— KaKOBo?!. 



COJtOMOHOBO PUmBHifc. J8 

— TocnpAa, HaAO oC'B stowb Bt nenaTB... 

— Bs> nenaTb! KoHenno, bt> ne^aTB! 

— He cpaMHTecL, otijh...— yBimeBajra cTapmie:— Hacrpa- 
najm h MOJi^LHTe... IlycTB ocTane-rca bt> ceaiefiHOM'B, TaicB cica- 
saTB, Kpyry. 

— HtTt, 3T0 A&Jio npHHUHniajiBHoe, -*B03paacajiH mojio- 

flHe. — MH AOJIHCHH OTKpHTO H HIHpOKO aaaBHTB EeWb. 

— Bte> KaKofi ace raaert? 

— BajiHHTe bo bc6... BeaA* ne^aTafl! 

dapHKH coBctM'B acnyrajiHCB; ohh npncfeAajra KHHay, 
cjiobho HaA^ hhmh cnycicajica He6ecHufi cboa'b, xjionaJia ce6a 
no JiflMCKaM'B h pacTepaHHo BOCKJrauajra: 

— Ma-Ma-maL 

0. GeoAOciM ycniJi'L-TaKH yBepHyTBca h, He npocTACB, 
yfexajii*. 3aM , feTHB'L oTcyTCTBie cBepcTHHKa, o. ABpaaMift Tome 
saTopoiraaca, ho ero „cxBaTajra" h He nycTHJin. 

— Omk! — B3MojiHJica oh^, — Aa MeHa dapyxa tojibko ao 
CTa^a oraycTHJia. daAo y»CB roHHTca, boh'b BarjiaHHTe, a mh* 

ceMB BepCT'B... 

— IlacTHpB, He fioaca CTaAa!— otb'&thji , b eMy 06yA*eB , B. 

— A nonaABH? — npndaBHJTB o. TepBacift. 
Bc& ApyacHO aacM^ajiHCb. 

— Heiero cKaJiHTB syfiH... IlycTHTe. 3to HacHJiie, a bh 
nponoBiAyeTe cBo6oAy. 

— H paBeHCTBO, — ryA'feJi'B 6acB. — A th eme He cpaBHajica 
cb HaMH: 3a to6oh HeAOHMKa— mecTB piomoicb! 

— CMepTH, HTOJIB, BH MOefl XOTHTe?— CTOHaJTB o. ABpaaMiii.— 

HiaKt yacB Ha3H)3HJica cb BaMH... 

HaKOHeivB h Bcfexi* noTaHyjio aomoiL Ilpn npomajiBHHX'B 
Jio63aHBax^ h o6T>a , riax , B onaTB BepHyjiacb kt> BnenaTJiiHiaM'B 
AHa. 

— HaB^CHJIH MH K0e-K0My Ha HOCB... IlyCTB BCfe 3HaK)T'B, 

KdLKb AyMaerB Hacroamee AyxoBeHCTBo, Aa-CB... A HaiiTB 6parB, 
HcaKin OTKJiHKHeTca 03^ MeABfoKBHxi) yrjioBi* h no^AeTX, H 

nofiA^TB!.. CB'feT'B-TQ— OH'B HliEorAa Mfc TaJIHJieH... 

Ofi'B onacHOdH Majio kto AytoajiB. Kanaa onacHOCTB? Ot- 
KyAa? 3a hto? Bee TaiCB 6jiaropoAHO CA^JiaHO h Aaace iio^th- 

TeJIBHO... ^BfeHaAU.aTB IiyHKTOB'B; H KaSKAHft H3T> HflXX — 

npaBAa, rojiaa, HcraoHaa npaBAa... UpeacAe ee, MaTyuiKy, H3y- 
poHB, onpoBeprHH, a noTOMX yacB cb HacB BSHCKHBafi. Hy, a 
ya^B ecjiH, na*ie ^aaHia, ofixoAoarB KaKHM'B hjih yMOJinameMTb 
npaBAy B03BMeTe, to qTo h TorAa HaMT* CA'feJiaeTe? BnroBop'B? 
BejiHKa BaacHOCTB... KaKOM riou^ HCHBerB 6esT> BHroBopa? IIpH- 
bhhhh!.. ^a h oahhi> BHroBop-B Ha bck) 6paTiK), Ha nejiOBiKa— 
OAHa TpHHaAitaTaa— TB(J>yI nycTaK-B cymiiL. 

TaKia, upH6jin3HTejiBHo, mhcjih noji3Jiw bi> saxM'fejitBuiHX'b 



?* afttojuit eqhxahobv 

rojiOBaxi> ABtHaAUaxn flyxoBHHX-b otuobt>, pasT^acaBmnxca 
no AB^HawaTH oKpecTHUM'L ceJiaMTb. Mhohm* mi* hex* Ka- 
aajiocb, hto H3*b hx*b cepaem HBJiHBaeTca Bt 3Ty hohb KaKoft- 
to oco6hA (J)oc(J)opHqecKifl cBirB, oaaparomift h corpiBaromifi 
seMJiH) jiacKoft h npHBiiOM'B, KOTopwx'B ohh HHKoraa eme He 
HcnwTHBajiH... A wepxy 6jiHCTajra Btratia sb^u, dpya CBOfi 
aarajioHHH8 cBirb— He to CaarocaoBjiaa h HamenTHBaa cbo- 
emh tiynaMH hto-to HiacHoe h o6oApaiomee, He to flo6poflymHo 
cMiacB hwb BoebMHM'B (SjiaroHHHieM'b HonpomaflcKaro yfe3Aa... 



Bh toti> rojn> y ripeocBameHHaro 6hjio MHoro xjiorion> u 
Beaimro pofla HenpiaTHocTefi, h aarjiaBHOfoy KOHCHCTopcKOMy 
opoToiepero, npHxoflHBnieMy no yTpaifB <vb aoKJiaaaMH, nacTo 
apnxoflHJiocB BHCJiymHBaTB: 

— Bora m eme raynocTB... KoTopaa yacb no cneTy? 

— He cHHTajrB, Barae npeocBamencTBO..: 

- A Ha^o 6h... /jaa CTaracTHKH. Botb npoHTHTe-Ka, a 

MeJlbKOMTb nOCMOTpiUTB... HHTaTb TOIHHO... OrB TpHHaAU&TH. 

CicaHCHTe, hto TaMi> aa jhoah — b*b 3T0JTB IlonpomaiicKOMi> 6aa- 
ro^uHiH?' BaM*B H3B*CTeHB 6aaroraHHufi? 

— KaKOB'B? 

— CayacdHcrb oTMiHHbifl. 

— H He jiyKaBHfi? 

— He 3SLMtHaJI0CB... 

— A He rjiynufi? 

— Paayaia o6biKHOBeHHaro... 

— SantM'B ace ohb nofliracaaca? 

— HaBtpHoe CKJIOHHJIH. 

— 3HaHHT , B MajionyniHufl. 

— PaHBme, KaKb 6yflT0, h xapaKTepi> 6hun>. 

— Kyaa ace Bee fliBaaocB? 

— 9to HHHt, BJia^HKO, CHBaerb... He pt^KO (SHBaerb... 

H yMHHfi, H HeCTHHH, H CTpOrHX'b npaBHJTB fiHJTb HeaOB'feK'B, 

a B^pyrB otmohhtb TaKyio nriyicy, hto flHBy flanibca! BpeMa 
TaKoe,.. Hy, fla 9to, Bame npeocBflnjeHCTBo, npofiaerB! KaK'B 
Kopocta, npofiflerB... 4to ace, Mipbi npHicaaceTe? 

— ,U,a Kama ace Mipa npoTHB-b KopoeTH? Tojibko He ko- 
BupflTb, no MoeMy... OraaK) Ha Bame noJiHoe ycMOTptHie. 

KoacHCTopcKie npoToiepen nponjra nonpomaacKifi npo- 

TOKOa-b H CO B3ffOXOM'B H3peKJIH: 

— BoHCTHHy, aypaKH... OryjibTycNL 

Ho Bee ace CTajra nyMaTB. Hpeac^e Bcero cjrbaoBajio ycTa- 
HOBnib, npecTynHO-JiH ataHie. UopHJracb bt> tojictom'b CBOflt 

KOHCHCTOpCKHX'b SaKOHOB'b, — HHHerO He HaUWUH; nopHJIHCB B'b 



oaKMOftoio pftsonm. 75 

o6mHXi> 3aKOHaxi> — to ace caMoe; noBopowm Aaace nocTaHo- 
BJieHin BcejieHCKHX'L h noMtcTHHX'b co6opoB , B h KaHosu ijep- 
KOBHHe, ho hh oflHo „ame" He noflomuio kb ceMy cjiyiai). 

— OopifajibHo Heya3BHMU, aTO npaBAa,— BaMfrrHJTB Torffa 

OAHffB H3*B HJieHOB'B, nOCbA*Bfflift BT> KOHCHCTOpCKHX'B Tpy- 

AaxT>. — Ho o6paTjiTe, rocaoAa, BHHMaHie Ha tore... KaKOBT> 

TOffbL TopflOCTH-TO BT> HeBTB CKOJIbKO— pOBHO B*B fiafflH* BaBH- 

jioHCKoft... OcyacAeme cymaro... A u$m> — otieaalraHTB Hamy 
fltflTeJIBHOCTb, HOHH3HTB aHepriio cay»6H... 

— IIpaBHJIBHO! 

— Hoacajiyfi! 

— Tor«a HanaaaTb? — copBaaca oahhb m3*b MJiaAOiHX'B. — 
Bcfcx'b Ha nepHyro Aocicy! HaicorAa hh OAHoft HHKOMy HarpaAH! 

MojnaBmifl ao ThxT> nop^ ceKpeTapB, rocnoAHH'b ofijits- 
Jiaro BH^a, b*b CHHearB 6e3yicopH3HeHHOM?> (^paidk, cb aicaAeMH- 

^eCKHMTi BHaHKOM'B H UpOHHMH OTJIH^iflMH, BflpyPB yJIUfiHyJICfl 

h BoapasHJTB: 

— TOHHTB myKy B*B BOA*? Hto BH?1 

— 17m... — saayMajiHCB OTqti, — flMcTBHTejiBHo... Ohh BToro- 
to b*ab h xototb! Ho Tor^a too ace npHAyMaTb? 

Torjxs. cenpeTapb hphhajtb rJiytioicoMHCJieHHHfi bha* h TaHH- 
cTBeHHo cKaaajiB: 

— Hamo HarpaAHTb. 

Bcli Tpn npoTonona urapoico pacKpujin rjiaaa h pra otb 

HeOSCHAaHHOGTH H nOTOMT> rpOMKO H COIHO padCMlllIJIHCB,— AO 

Toro noKaaajiocb hmb Hejr&no npeAJioaceHie. 

— HarpaAHTB aa npocTynoicB?! 
Ho ceKpeTapB Boapaa^TB: 

— H cepbeaHO, oTijbi... fl He cmIudcb.,. BHHKHUTe... BcTa- 

BHfflB B*B KOJieCO HOJI^HO, H TeJltra OCTaHOBHTCiT. Y HHX*B Bee 

CJiaaceHO, Bee Ha Ma3H, HaAo Bee ncnopTHTb... Ecjih Haica- 

XeMl, — 8T0 HXT» 06*BeAHHHTB H yKp*HHTB. HaAO HX*B pa3BOAH» 

HHTb... I[apcTBo paBA^JibnieecH Ha ch... SHaeTe?.. H botb... 

— Coofipaaceme, He JinmeHHoe CMHC&a, — aatffrrHjiB nepBo- 
npncyTCTByromifi. 

— Ectb aojih npaBAm,--noATBepAHJi , B cpeAHiS. 

— HxaiCB?— nocTaBHji*B BonpocB MJiaAniiik 

— HTaicB, HarpaAHMB! — noBTopnjjB ceicpeTapb. 
-T- Beta*? 

— OAHOrO H3B BCtXTb. 

— Ho koto ace? 

— Toro caMaro, kto nepBtifi cAiuiajn> npeAaoaceHie. 3atrpo- 
chitb o ceMB 6jiaroHHHHaro. 

HepeaB ab* HeAiura bb KOHCHCTopia CTaao KOH^HAeHaiajiBHo 
HSBtcTHO, hto HHHiuaTop'B h pyKOBOjiHTejib HenoAoCajomaro 



7fi HHKO.IAft IllRXANOBT*. 

iiodaHOBJieHifl tijujrb He kto hhoS, Kam> KOMapoBCKifl iepefi 
reppactfi KeApoJiHBaHCKifl. 

— Xm... noMHHTe, o. npoToiepeii?.. TapacbKy-TO? 

— Hy, Kan^ 3a6HTb TaKoro rycfl! . 

A BflpyrL offb OTKaaceTca orb HarpaAH? 

- Hto?— Boapaamrb ceiepeTapb.— He6o h aeMJia npefiAyrb, 
a noun,,. 

Otuh upoToiepeH HeMHoro em;e K0Jie6ajiHCb... 

— Ho KaKX ace o6i»acHHT r b TaKofi, bt> cymnocTM, Heodxac- 
humuR $aKrb? HarpaacAeme BHHOBHaro?— CTaBHjin ohh Bonpocb. 

KoHCMdopcKift Cojiomoh'b noAyMajix HeMHoro H CKa3aJIT> 
thxo, ho MHoroaHaHHTejibHO, iio'ahjib'b najieij'b BBepxi*: 

— MyapocTiio! 

HyTt He flecaTb pa3i> bi> HeA&jno BJiaAHKa iipnabiBajrb kt> 
ce6^ raaBHaro KOHCHCTopcKaro coBtTHHKa h, CAaBaa eMy 6y- 
Marn, roBopHjii yapy^eHHo: 

- Boti, h effle rjiynocTb... Toro ace copTa... IIorojioBHoe 
oyMacniecTBie! 4to npaieaJKeTe AknaTb? RacTOH<raBO npocarb 
cosBETb nacTHpcKin cbbajx-h Been enapxia... 

- Orb cKyKH bto, Baine npeocBameHCTBO. B r b AepeBHi-Ta 
cKyrao, IlycTh norajiAHTb, momcctb nojierHaerb. 

— TaKt bh ayMaeTe — paaptuiHTb? 

— A n oi eMy 6u h whrb, BJiaAUKO? 

- HaepyH^flTB, b^ab... TaKoro HaBopoiaiorB!.. 

- J\& BtAb piniHTb ohh He npHBBaHH? 

— Ho aazvkBaTb HaHHyro... 

- A Moreno h CAa^H aaTb... Oahhitb cjiobomt> Bee m> m©mcn 
upeBpaTHTb. 

— TaicL bh coB^TyeTe, o. npoToiepefi? 

— Ha nycTb noTtinarb cboh) AyineHbKy! — h npoToiepefl 
paeiumJica bx yjurfiey. 

- A noiKaJiyfl...— CKJioHajica BJiaAHKa.— HapuBX Haap&jrb... 

llopa 11 lipOKOJIOTb... — BaKOHHHJl'B COBtTHHK'b H HOJiy- 

hhjtc. nopy^ieme CBecra BoeAHHO bcio cyMMy MHtHin, B033pi- 
hie, npoeKTOBi) h npeAnojioHceHifl, KOTopHX'b HaKonnjiocb hh 
MHoro, hh najio— okojio AByxcoTX... Oaho nepeHHCJieme Bonpo- 
cobx aanajio eofioH) AOBOJibHo TOJiCTeHbKyio 6ponnopKy, roto- 
pyw noJiyqiiJJM n bx HonpoHiaHCKOM'b yfeBA*. BocbMoe 6jiaro- 
iHHie roTOBHJiocb icBBHfiopy AenyTaTOBx, h, KOHeHHO, HapaAy 
cb oo, AaKcaMii y Bcfexx Ha asHKii 6hjio HMa o. TepBacia KeA- 
■pojiHBaHCKaro, y KOToparo Ha 3HaneHHT0M , b 6jiaroHHHHHHe- 
ckomx coSpaniiT o6HapyjKHJiHCb He3aypaAHHa nepibi o6m,ecT- 
BeHHaro #&OTejjg— bhcokoh MapKH opaiopcKiii TaJiaHTb, necr- 
hoctb yfitaeAeHifl h ctomkoctb xapaKTepa. 

— yacx aioTX ne BHAacrb... Owh hmx HaKJiaAerb bx 3a- 
rpHBOKX... HaAdxea! — roBopHJiH o neMX bx ejiaro^HHiH. Ho 6jia- 



COJOMOflOBO PfcHLEHlE. 77 

iohhhhhh Bee MeflJMJit coaBaTb BHfiopHoe co6paHie. A rfeMi> 
BpeyeHeM'B B'B oahomi> U3T> HOMepoBt w II,epKOBHHX'b B'hjxouo- 
defi" noflBHJiacb MajieHbKaa, ho HpeBaTaa nocJifcACTBiaMH $pa3a: 
„CBam;eHHHKy cejia KoMapoBa, TepBaciK) KeApojmBaHCKOMy— 
HanepcTHHH Kpecrb." 

Ecjih 6h Ha piHKt IIonpomaftK'fe, npoTeicaBineM BAOJib boci^ 
Moro 6jiaro*iHHia, yjierjiocb nonepeicb HeBfcpoaTHo-HcnojiHHCKoe 
HyflOBHme h, aaropoAHBi) pycjio, npon3Bejio noTonJieme bc^xtj 
nonpoinaMCKHX'b jiyiwb,— HaB^pHoe, 9to 6hjio 6u He TaKt no- 
pa3HTejn>Ho! 

Hirraa ^BiiAOMocTH", Bcb Tapamujui rjiaaa, npoTttpajiM hxi. 

BM^CT* Ch OHKaMH H TOBOpHJIIi: 

— He Moacerb 6biTb!.. 

Ha Apyrofi AeHL, Kb Benepy, y o. lleipa B'B KoHofiieB-fe 

CbtxaJIHCb HeJIOBtKT> nHTb OTUOBT), H KaHCAHH HB'b HHXT> 3a- 
XBaTHJTb He TOJIbKO CBOK) MaTyiHKy, HO H CBOfi HOMep'b Bimo- 

MocTen. H cToa cpeAH 3aJia Ha caMOMT> tom'B Mfccrfc, rjifb 11%- 
KorAa B03cfeAajn> npe3HAiyM'b, Bcfe, yTKHyBiHHCb KaacAHH fit 
cbom HOMep'b, pasBOAUJin pyKaMH h ckjiohhh 6hjih Aywaib, 
hto 3T0-— onenaTKa. 

Ho nocji^AHee npeAHOJioaeeHie A«na KaacAaro 6hjio caMOO^e- 

bhahoh HeJT&IIOCTbK). 

— HHKorAa bi> 5KH3HH „K,epieoBHHa B^aomocth" He onena- 
THBajiHCb!— 3aB , 6pjiJi'b o. Mapieb. — 3a bc6 BOceMHaAijaTb jrfrrb— 
hh pa3y! 

— TaKT>, KaKi> ace axo? 

— A hoptx BHaerb Kaieb... 
■— HsyMHTejibHo! 

— KTO HCe 3T0 yCTpOHJll>? 

— KoHCHCTopia... KOMy ace 6ojibuie? 

— Ilocjrfe Hauiero upoTOKOJia-TO?.. 

TorAa o. ABpaaMifi H3BJieKx h3t> CBoefi CTapnecKOH roJioau 
HiKoe yAHBHTejibHoe npeAnojioaceme: 

— A eacejin o. TepBacifi noTOM'b bbjhtb Aa h pacKaajien... 

HHCTOCepAeHHO?.. 

— Hto-o-o?..— nofiji'bAHtB'b, 3aroroTajiH B'B oahh'b rojiocb 
MOJiOAHe, Kara noTpeBOMceHHue rycn, h HS'b-noA'b HaxicypeH- 
H&x'b 6poBen CBiTHJica Taicofi rHiB'b, hto OTei^b ABpaMifi ire- 
peTpycHJi'b h CMymenno crajrb 3aMeiaTb cji^ah Hejrfcnofi csoefl 
AoraAKH: 

— Si, otiuj, nomyTHJi'B... HtrB, Hirb... ES-Bory, a tojilko 
noniyTHifb... Pa3Bi mojkho Taicoe?... Blyjb oht> BceTaKH y Eosklh- 
ro npecTOjia... 

Ho lira ycepAHie 3aMHHajn> cbok) AoraAKy o. ABpaaMifi, 
Tira Ha30HJiHBie Jifcjia OHa KaacAOMy bi> rojiOBy, Tara htd o, 
IlaBejrB, QKOHqaTejibHo HSMy^eHHHH eio, He Morb A0.irbrae ejiep* 




HffROJUt fUHXAKOirc. 

»HiaTfcCJf h BocKJiBKHyjit ci> rope<!BK). cAaBHBmefl eMy 
ropJio: 

— Bee MOMteTij 6htbL npeAaTejiBCTBo MoacerB BbipaacaTBca 

Wb THCflTfe CaMHXX pa3H006pa3HUX'B $opMi>... 

— H-iyTOBaTB oh*b 6hjtb Bcer^a, oTeij'B-To repBacifl,—- co- 
roiaCHJicfl nepBtjii o. ABpaaMifl. 

— Hero Ty rb?. + JKyjiniCB... h3b*ctho!— npH6aBHJTB o. Mapicb. 

— Bctx'B npoeeji'B, a& KaicB HCKycHo! 
-- A cawB... ny h mejiBMa! 

— HaBeprb! lyfla!— ptano 3aKJiK>*rajra otuh-Ahkch. 
HaKOMy m Wh rojioBy He npHxoAHJio caMoe npodoe npejjno- 

JioaKenie— o MyApoera HaiajiBCTBa. 

— BoAkotl ejiy, IyA*!— npoKpuqajTB o. IIaBejn>. 

— B% AenyxaTH ero! CoBcfeM r b H3T> Hainero djiaroHHHin 
BBBeprayTb!- 

— /la Tyna me 6u h 6jiaro<raHHaro...— BCTaBHJTb o. naBejrb. 
Hy, eABa jih OjiaroHHHHHfl kt> aTOMy A&rcy npaqacTeH'B, — 

aacTynmicH o. ABpaaMifl.— H, KpoMt Toro, otiuj... He Mtmaerb 
loofime ocTopomnocTb... h no OTHomemio kt> o. TepBaciio... 
CjrfeAyerb BHacAam A BApyrB 3T0 KaKafl-HH6yAb maJibHaa Ha- 
rpaAa, BtAb 6uBaK>TT> ace majibHHH nyjra.,. 

— nojio»HM%... Ho TorAa oh*b cdiWb ROJixewb 0TKa3aTBca 
orb HarpaAM- 

— 3to A'fejro AecflToe... A to wb nejiOBtica cpaay KaMHeMi*!.. 

— He AoraAaeTca,— aaobhto BQTaBHjrb o, MapK'B. 

— HacHerb *iero? 
OTKaaaTLcii-TO... Hochtb CyAeTB.,. 

— Hy, mh ero TorAa!.. 

Cotfpanle nocjit 3Toro paa'B'&xajiocb, o6t>hbhb , b o. TepBaciro 

JIHHIb yCJIOBHHH <5oflKOrB... 

A B-& aom* o, TepBacia iio^th oAHOBpeMeHHo npoHexoAHJio 
cjrtAyromee, KorAa npanecJiH w IJepKOBHHfl B^aomocth", AOMa 
(Snjia OAHa MaiyinKa EjieHa HBaHOBHa, cymecTBO rpaMOTHoe; 
oh& Of HCKajra Bt raserfc cbojo enapxiio h Hanajia BH<raTHBaTB, 
xaKaa hbt. poACTBeHHHX'B h SHaKOMHXTb (JaMHJiifl nonajia bt> 
ihcjio HarpamAeiiHHX'B. H BApyrB... y Hea cepAUe nyTb He 
bhckohhjio hs-b rpyAH... CoBepmeHHo sdL6uBi> 06^ oTcyTCTBia 
Myaca, yfcxaBinaro b*b AepeBHio npHHamaTB 6a6y, My^HBinyiocH 
POA&MH TpeibH cyTKH, OHa 6jiarHM*B MaTOM'B 3aKpHHajia na BecB 
AOMt: 

— Hoirb! /I,a TH JIH OTO? 

Taira xaicb no cjiynaro acapbi Bet ABepa 6hjih pacTBopeHU, 

TO BOCKJIHUaHie WHeCJIOCB B*B KyXHK). 

— BaMt qero, MaTyniKa?— enpocujia Kyxapica, npH6*ataB- 
maa cb noAOTK&yiHM'B hoaojiom'b h31> Kyxnu. 

— DoiTb KarpaAy nojiynBui'B, KpecTt... 



GOJtoitOflOBO 



H 



— Hy, cJiaBa Tefit rocnoAH, CJiaBa Te6fc... A h-to *y&ta» 

^ITO 8T0 CT> MaTyUIKOfi nonpHT^HJIOCb, He CBOHMt rOJIOCOA p<*- 

BerB... 

Cropaa acejiaHiearB noA*JiHTBCH cb k1smt>-jih6o cBoeft pa- 
ZiocTbio, nonaaba oTnpaBHJiacb kt> MejibHHivfe, mhmo KOTopofl no 
HaB03H0H njioTHHi AOJiaceH'B 6hjtb B03Bpam,aTBCfl o. reppacifl. 
Ha cBafiXT> bhahIuich pyccicift koctk>m , b cb chhhmh 6ycaifH, a 
caMa o6jia,n;aTejibHHua ero, (SapninHH-yHHTeJiBHHUta, Kynaack 
b-l npyny, 3anjituia Aajieieo ki> oropoAaarB, rat h maouuia c* 
yTiiTaMH. 

— AHHa HBaHOBHa!— KpH^aJia eft MaTymica, icaxaa iOHTH- 
kom*b. — AaHa HBaHOBHal lion* HarpaAy nojiyiHjn>... 

— A? Hero? TpoMHe roBopnTe! 

— nont HarpaAy nojiyqajTB... #a bh nepeciaHBTe apasHHT* 

yTOKT»... 

— Hy?— ocTaHOBHJiacB yqHTejibHHija, CKpbiBaa, Kpkwfc ro- 

JIOBH, BCK) Cefifl BT> BOA*. 

MaTyiniea npHJioaeajia o6t jiaAOHH kt> meicaarB pacKpuTaro 
pTa h, KaicB b*b pynop'B, hIickojibko oicptauraM'B roJiocoMi 6a- 

COBHTO BHKpHKHBaJia HO CJIOBeHKy: 

— ^Jloirb... Harpaay... noaynurB... 

— OTKyAa?—3BeHtJio hbx boah, h hto-to tftJiyatbe uoaau- 

JIO KTE> HJIOTHHt. 

— VLa-b CHHOfla,— oTBtnajio c& 6epery. 

— KaKyro? 

— CaMa He 3Haro xopomeHbKo... He to KpecrB, He to npo- 
Toiepea... botb npiliAeT'B, pas6eperB. 

— IIo3ApaBJiHK)!— H KOMapoBCKan Opana, orJiflAfcBmHcb 
KpyroM-b, Bbimjia h3*b boah h 6ypno o6jio6H3ajia MaTymiey, a 
noTOMi> BCKpHKHyjia! „Ah!% onaTB cK0JiB3Hyjia b*b npyflfc... Orb 
ABepeft MejiBHHitu nofcasaJiacB hbh-to roJioBa... 3to abhkobtb 
SpacrB mojiojtb poacB h, 3acjiNmaB'B Ha hjiothh* rpoMKift paa- 

r0B0pT>, BMtCTfe CB MeJIBHHKOM'B XOrfejTB nOJIK)6onHTCTBOBaTB. 

IIonaABH npuBiTJiHBo KHBHyjia mn> tojioboS HS'b-noA'B CHHaro 
30HTHKa h Ha h^moh Boiipocb, BHrafiaa nieio Ha TpexaTaac- 
homt> noAfiopoAKt, cojihaho npHfiaBHJia: 

— ^a, nojiyHHjn>... HarpaAy Moft nom>. 

— KaicB TaKT>? -HeAoyMlmjrB 3anHJieHHHfl MyKoft Aba* 
kohi*.— A... npoTOKOJi-B-io Hann>? — Ho TyrB ae cnoxBaraJica, 
tto cica3ajrB He jiaAHoe, h nonpaBHJica: — Hy, Aaft TocnoAH... 

BApyri> efioicy, Ha noBoporfc, coBciMTb cb Heo«HAaHHoft 
cTopoiiH, sacKpHntjia Tejitra; B03HHi;a, ctoh bt> nepeAKt, 
xjiecTaJii) KOHu,aMH B03»ceft iwiaqy no BHAaBmnMCir pe6pairB t 
a no3aAH ero Ha TopnaBuieft bo Bcfe CTopoHH, Kanx BopoHbe 

rHt3A0, COJIOMfc, npHKpHTOH KaKOH-TO rpfl3H0fl pBaHM), CH- 

A'feji'B o. TepBacifi. 



80 auROJUfi iHHXAHom>. 

— TtJ KaKB 3ft1iCB?— BCKpHKHyjTB OHT> HByMJieHHO, yBHA^Bl* 

nonaAfcio. 

- yraAafl-Ka?— HHTpHroBaJia MaTyuiKa, ho cefiqacB ace, He 
yrepn'feB'Bp npn6aBiuia Becejio:— Te6a HarpaflHjral 

— Hto Tbt, ^to th, BorB cb to6o#L Ci> yMa comjia... 
H noirb nepeKpecTHJi'B no Boa^yxy. 

- Jl& caMa m HHTa-na bx B'fcflOMOcTflx'B, cefi^acx ct> hohth 
npiraecJin. 

■ HfcJH*, viaxb Moa, He nepBoe anp'feJiH... Bt> Mai Bpanb He 
no,ao<5aen>..- 

MaTyimca, pasApaaceHHan TaKHMt HeBljpieMT>, cepflHTO ot- 
HiiJia pyKy otb Kpaa TejrfcrH, Ha KOTopyio onapajiacB, mm wl 
uiar-b cb He ocraHaBJiHBaBuieiocH jiomaAbio, u OTBepHyjiacb. 

- OdoaHajracb, JierKOB^pHaa!.. Koro-HH(5yn;b apyroro npn~ 
HflJia sa MeHH... MaJio jih Ke/jpojiHBaHCKHX'B Ha 6'b>Jiowb cb^t^! — 
TBepAiurL uon'b M3t> Tejr&ra, He noKHAaa CBoefi no3HU,iH h bt» 
mace speMa He npurjiainaa djiaroB^pHyio cfecTB pn^oMt cb 
cofiofi; nodi'tanee othioab He 6hjio HeBtacecTBOM'B no OTHome- 
Hiio kb flaMfc, TaKi> Kaicb, hm*h aapoHocauy Ha rpyAH, o. Tep- 
BaciH h He bt> npaBi <5hjtb pa3HrpHBaTb pojib KaBajiepa. 

E^sa CTynuB'b ^epea^ noporB jjoMa, o. TepBacifl, He chh- 
Man cl cefia ^apoHOCHiiiH h udihuh cb otbhcjihmh noJiflMii, 

CTpCMHTeJILHO KHHyjICH K*B B'fcAOMOCTflM'b H 0CT0Jl6eH'fejrB, IVIflflJl 
BB OfijIHToe KBaCQM'B tttCTO. . ^ 

Hto, 0oMa HeBipHHH, paayjrB rjiaaa?— Ha^ajia nonanba. 

- Ha, A-feucTBirrejiBHO... HanepcHHft KpecTB! 

- He oflHCxJmMHJieirB? 

— H^TB,.- 

— Xa-xa... 

— Ho hto-bcti duo SHaHHTB? 

- O^enb npocTO... MoHapniaa mhjioctb... 

Ho th, naii, noMHHinb Hanie KOHofiieBCKoe co6pairie? 

- ^aBHO aatiujia!.. 

- Ho y na^ajiBCTBa He nonaflbHHaa naMHTB. 

• MaJio jih Hero bh MejieTe noffB nBAHyio pyKy... Ka6u 
bcako auieo bb cTpoKy, Bcfexib 6h BacB bt> Ch6hpb... 

- Kafiti oflHHH'b paaroBopoMi* noKOHHHJin, oho 6h hhwo, 
a to B*iAB sanpoTOKOJiiuiH h nocjiajiH... 

- A, MOttcerB, h He aoiujia Bania 6y'Mara... roBoparh, Ha 
nonrt MHoro nponaAaerB naceMi,. 

- fla He TaKHx^... BjiaflHHiioe He KOH<|)HCKyeTCfl. 

- Hy, Hero thI..— nepe6njia MaTyuiKa, BoaBpamaacB kb pa- 
flocTHHWCL GinymeHiflM'B. — TenepB h 6wb Toro y MeHa 6ynan 

XJTOnOT-B HOJIHHH pOTT>! TOCTH... IlHporB... 

— Hnpori>? 

— A KaKB JKe? 



! 



COJIOMOHOBO f%ni£HIK. 81 

— Xm... IIoMcajiyH... . 

MaTyniKa cootfpaacajia no#po6HOCTH. 

— nprk/jyTB - bc6 OT^HaziiuaTb, Aa flecHTb nona^ea... jjBafl- 
uaTt jjpa nejioB^Ka... 

— Xm... A Moacerb h He npiiflyrb...— 3a,n;yMqHB0 CKaaaJii> 
o. TepBacifi, 3a6npaa bi> KyjiaK'b 6opo,ny. 

— KaicB He nprfc^yrb?! — H rjiaaa MaTyniKH OKpyrjimracb 
h bch OHa HaxoxJiHJiacb, KaKi* coBa, Kor^a Ha Hee aaMaxHBa- 
lOTca najiKofi. Ho Korjja o. TepBacin BHCKasajn* He 6eai> ne- 
najiH, hto 9To 6JiaroBOJieHie CBHine MHornin» TOBapHmaM-b 
npHAeTCfl hihCko He no cep/juy, h6o, KaK'b-HHKaK'b, npoTOKOJTb- 
to Bt KoHo6 , feeB , fe 6ujn> o6opyflOBaHi> npn ero <5jrajKafimeM , b 
yHacTin,— MaTyimca caMa 3a#yMajiacb h npoH3Hecjia conpy- 
ineHHo: 

— fl-Aa... bott> hto bhhu;o-to Baine flkfiaeT'b! Ho repeat 
MHHyTy OHa onaTb 03a6oHeHHO cnpocnjia: 

— Taxi* Ha cKOJibKo aee qeJioB-feKb i*otobhtb? 

— He 3Haio... 

— Hy, TaKi> kto Mce dyaerb 3HaTb?— paacepAHJiacb Ma- 
TyinKa. 

Tor^a o. TepBacifl, bt> cbok) oqepe^b, pascBBpiulurb h 3a- 
Tonajrb HoraMH. 

— y^Hpaflca th Kb HopTy! Hto a— Borb, hto jih?.. Hy, h 

M*CH Ha BCtx*... CKOJIbK© CCTb MyKH, H Mica... Ha BCfeXX flpOBC- 

acaxi*! Bo Bcfex'b KBaniHHX'b! 

— A kto 6yAerb icTb, ecjra? 

— Bee caarb no^Mi*! 

— Ooth'b? Huib Tbi... MoHapmaa-To mhjioctj* wax* anrre- 
thtb noAHMaerb. 

— JI& yarb no3,npaBJiK)Cb! 

— PaAT>? 

— BceicoHerao... 

— Hy, h a pa^a... 

— Btpro... 

H Bflpyrb MaTyniKa <5biJia HeotfbreaHHo H3yMJieHa: cKOJibKO 
jrfrrb OHa smyxiewb, h HHKor.ua enje He cjiynajiocb, hto6h 
non-B ee noiv&JiOB&Ji'b AHeM'b, npn oTKpHTHXTb OKHax^ h ABe- 
paxi*, bt> KOTopua BpHBaJica HiyM'b yjraqnHX'b tojiocobt*, Ape- 
6e3HcaHie Tejitrn, peB'b KopoBH h xpiOKaHbe cbhhbh... ilou;*- 
jiyfi npn coJiHe^HOM r b ocB^meHiH... ^aace cob^ctho... OHa 3a- 
KpbiJiacb (^apTyKOM'b h ydteajia 3a juposocaMH K'b npocBHpHt. 



IIpHniJio BocKpeceHbe. MaTyniKa Bcero HaroTOBHJia rrfejina 
ropH. nnporoB'B, nmeHHHKOB'b, JiannieHHHKOB'b, BaTpyraeKb n 
pasHHX^ JienemeKT) 6hjio cTOJibKo, *rro mohcho 6hjto ncny- 




HHROJIAJ! inilXAHOB7>. 



raTBca npu mucjih, hto Bee cie npe;ma3HaHeHo ajih yTpo6 , & 

.!■„. 0. IVpiiaciii npoaBiLTB aiccTpaopjuiHapHyio 

froTopjieHiii BbiniiBajibHoii T iacTir,— HeAapoMT> oht> 

B0K3j\jii> ii KyniiJiii bi> 6 y (pert ab1} 6yTbiJiKH 

eeorcmiifiaTeJifiHOJi, no ero cjionaM'b, boakii . 

ami ii 6jiaroAapciBeinia.ru MOJiefiiia upezit hko- 
o& Pa^ocxu", oirb npoxasicifBaJica co CTaKaHOMx 
. no aajik okojio ynrroBaHiioii Tpane3N, HCAajrL 
u hcM&ohckO BoJXBOBajicji. 

.nib T iacoB r b... liaao 6h y;KT> Kofl-Kowy nprkxaTb... 

-l o. MapKy... Bcero ceMb Bepcrb... ^To-Hii6yAB ero 

bOm?Miio, cexMbH... Bi»;ux cb TaKofi ceMbeii, h bx 

rcuibca — yrkiia.Tb ce6a o. FepBaciii, y koto- 

OAiia Ao^b, Aa n Ta c L iacTJiiiBO 6ujia BH^aHa. 

i pa3i> Kocujica Ha oMapoBaiejibiiyio ^cuorcnm- 

pTHJiKy ii R&ine rpo3UJi'L ci'i nepcroMi: 

Tar, lie Mann, r.na3acTaa... liorb lioA'b'feAyrbL 

Kb KOJiect no yjiimh npuBJieKaJi-b ero BHHMame; 

lUJI 1 * Itt> OKIiy, CMOTp'kTb II OIUIIOaJICH. 

Iiijii, a Bee iiukto ne noKa3biBajica, h bt> Aymy 
BKpaAbJBajincb SfeSnoKoiicTBO. 

r T,Ba Hpouiuio, a 6jiaro T iniinaro Htrb... 

muii flOJirceHL 6u yace 6uTb... Ero A'fejio npnBe3TH 

Kpecit B&rpaattfeHiioMy, ecjm BHCJiajiu nrn> KoiiCHCTopin, a 

nb cBoii na BpeMa, a ecjiu cBoero HtrB, to pa3- 

poH'&, ii bo BC5iK0M r b cjiy<ia r fc coBepiuiiTB nyfijin^HO 

;33JiOKeiiia Kpecxa, b'b KOTopoM'b iiarpaHCAeiiHbiM h 

JkMX bo Bee EpeMa xop/KecTBa, a Ha npyrofi 

A^iiL. B03BpaTii5!T> 6u ero coocTBeiiiniKy. 

jesei't o. TVpaeiii! Ilupa 6u yaai h o. Ilexpy, h, 
u, Haiuy.,, 

dpaHnocTb? — cnpauiiiBaji'b BCJiyx'b o. TepBaciii, 
rt ce6a nenpiflTiioe npcAnojiOH*eHie, jrbsuiee bt> 
raj!OBy now hmo bojili: — Ha hto kjihtcji?.. 

aire* CyATO cl> iKKoniibiMb ooHTOeMt no3ApaBJienia 

no to Hejiajmoo. OGhkiiubpiiho bij fijiMMcafimee 

icb cb r t£5-Kajjiicb ki* narpaiivAeiiiioiiy — n nonu, u 

B€ tojibko ^pyBLfl, no ii lH^pyrn n ASMce 3aKJiaTbie 

i'iijjo MHTepecnH olijiii B'b TaKuxt cjiynaax^ 3TH 

le... Bj»Bii), nepeeiynaa noporb, noaBJieHieM'b CBOHMTb 

tuawh uh loBopiiji'b: 

il. BiiAnnib?.. Kono'iHo, a tboh Bparb, 3T0 tu 

ic* Biiaioi'b, ho a bt> TBoeMb AOMt, a Te6I> xkn&TO 

!HjiBiica, — 3to BpeMH nopeMiipia Ha Boiiii'fe, a 

►■ero B« j cejibfl ii TopiKPCTia... JI ;tojiro ne 3*acuacycb... 

Hcib hi' 6y;xy. M cn< : -r« . , inii6?Jio T ^KM tfe TBoeH 



I 



Vf&* 



COJIOMOHOBO PliniRHIB. 83 

He BKymy, a bt> TBoearb naio tojtbko yen noMoqy n nycTb oht> 
CTHHeT'L-CTHHeT'L-CTHFieT'B... H HBIIJ1CH cio,aa, tto6m noKa3aTb, 

hto a 3aBiicn> Kb Te6is BHTpaBiurb mT> CBoero cepAua, npe- 
B03Morb ce6a... HecTb x iecTbio, a npo'iee 663^ nepeMlMiu. Mo- 
aterb 6biTb 3aBTpa->Ke a nonuiio na Te6a KJiaysy, MaTepiajrb 
Ma Koefi nosepnny B^tch-nce, y Teoa bt> aom*... 

H3yMHTejibH0 caMoyBtpeHiio AepacurB ce6a Bparb bt> aom* 
Bpara. Oht> <5ojite BefexT) rocTeii, 6ojibine caMoro xo3anna, 
ofiuKHOBeHHo HtcKo;rbKO CTkcuaioiriaroca, HyBCTByeTT) nenpn- 
KocHOBeHHOCTb CBoeii jiu^ihocth. Ero, KaKt 6yATO, Bee orpa- 

HCAaeT'b, — H X03HHH r b, H X03HflKa, U TOCTH... Bci rOBOpHTb HTO- 

to npocToe m ct> Busy o6u<moe, ho ho to, <ito HMkerca bt> 
cepAu;t. A bt> to Ke BpeMa bc& Apyrc> y Apyra bt> cepwxxt 
HHTaiOT-b, h Aa/Ke MHoro nonnTHfce, acute, nku b bt> CBoeM-b 

C06CTBeiIHOM r b... 

Pi 3T0 bt> Bbiciuefl cTorienii a :irepocH-> — roBopiirb hs to, 
hto jxyMaenib, h anyniaTb ne to. hto roBopsT-b, a rrpiT^iyrmi- 
BaTbC;i Kb TaflnoH Myabudb x iy>KUX'b Jiyrca'BHX'B CJionb, BbnuBafl 
hxt> CBOHMH, ivdKb CBiiCTyjiLKoii nepenejncy... ^Boimaa paCcrra 
mhcjih... oqapoBaTe;ibHaa on^pi ;ku3hii... oaho htb BeJiiiqan- 
fflHXt HacjiasKneniii; 6e3-b K<>Topux r b ne npoxojULna mi OAHa ^-Jj 

Harpa.ua bi> nonpomaiicKoxrb 6;iaro i iuMin. H o. TepBaciio Toace :-v$ 

xorkrcocb 6h, *rro6bi y Hero na jipa3AiiiiR , & npiicyTCTBOBajrb no- ^ 

Ao6huh Bparb, — Borb 6h ohii no6eclyj,OBajiii! Yacb u XHTpo- '^ 

yMHaa 6biJia 6u nrpa, hto tboii iuax\taTbi! :J 

0. repBaciii aaMeHTaaca 11 nponycTii.Tb ohjio CTyin, KOJiecb ^ 

KaKoro-TO He Myaamjcaro, a (Jojrfee AejiiKaTiiaro aicnnaaca. Mh- ^ 

roM'b rrpocKaKajia napa rir&ij>ixT,,~-o. repBaciii Bn/vfejrL tojibko • 

xboctej CBtTJitie, pafiBtB>uoLiUeca na BfeTpy, bojiocu o. IlaBJia 
KoHOTonoBCFcaro n Kpacnyio Bya^b ero cynpyni... CMOTpa na 
yjieraBinyioca nHJib, o. repBaciii Bojiyxt nponai-iecb: ^ 

— CKOTHiia... Mhmo... l{\ a mI>m^ BimoBarL? YAHBHTejibHo! : ; 
Bi> TpeTLeMi) qacy npotxa,n> CBoaicL o. OiiJinnm> n He 

tojibko He aaBepnyji'b, no ji-yxo oTnepnyjica 0TT3 KoMapoBCKaro 
nona, Korzia 9tott> bltthitv^-b ecio cboio ro:ioBy 3a iioaokohhhk'l 
cb HaM'fcpenieM'b no3AopoBnTT.ra. 

— Hy, 9T0 y>io> npa.Mo no;i;.'Teii,'[% xoTb n po;uia... no^ieu,T>! 
IloAJieii,'b! — 3jio6ho Kpii i ia;n> 0. rej)Bac!ift BjoroiiKy MUJiOMy 
poACTBeHHHKy, xoth tottj h ne e:iMinajix>, BhpoaTHO, btiix'k 
JiecTHHX'b aniiTeTOB'b. 

'MaTynnca Bee em;e f.ptuiLiacb ii naxcaiuia B r b ce61i ciuili 
ycnoKaiiBaTb cynpyra: 

— Oo't^aiorb... Hojiobk-j K'b i -iy;-KOMy-To oofny... Kt> Be^epy 
npi'fejiyT'b... Kb ^laro... Hy-r-:.-\ a nacbniicb pa3.ioiicy ? naTouxaK'B . 
Jiyqine cxoahtch. - Ona mncah'b ne Moraa ce6L npeAvTaBiiTb, . > 
^to b.ch ea BeJimcaa cTpanuff ocTaneTca BTyni; TaK^ xyjjoac- ^ 

6* :^ 

■~Ja 
'■ft 



84 nu&OJlAft UJHXAROM.. 

HUK F h, HainioaBiiiifi orpoMHoe nojioTHO m nocTaBHBiiiiii ero bi» qyA- 
hoh paMKt Ha BHCTaBKt,-— M03KeTT> jih Ay^aTb, hto Ha ero pa- 
6oTy Aaace He BarjumyrB? 

— 3roro He Moacerb 6htb... Kaicb 3TO? Hy, paayMteTCH, He- 
mho5kko uoo6^jxhJiuch, npaBAa, ho hto6h He npitxajin, — 3to He 

MHCJIUMOl 

Ho y$KT> CTyKHyjio mrrb HacoBT>... uiecTb... OaAO noraajra no 
ABopaMTi,., Pacajit HcepeOeHOK'b, 6jieajiH obuh... IlflTb past no- 
Aorp-kBajiu caMOBap'b, Myxw o6jiftnHjra BaTpyniKH, — 3Toro xo- 
afliiKa Aaate He aaMtnaJia. He 3aMtTHJiH KeApojiHBaHCKie h Toro, 
<jto ct yTpa ohh 06a He iwin. 

— ripoKJiHTHe... iuhiiatt*... — pa3cepAHJica o. FepBacin Ha 
cofiKpaBUiieca CHOBa 6ifrb nacbi h npeicpaTHjrL Te^eHie BpeMeH-B, 
ocTaHOBiiBi> ABHHceHie ^jiHHHaro MaaTHHKa, ycH5KeHHaro MyxaMH. 

— Oxt>!~- npocTOHajia MaiyniKa co b3Aoxomt>. 

— JX&, botb oho... — noATBepflMJTb CanouiKa m onycrajix 
CBOio rojioBy, noArrapaa ee pyicaMH. 

— XoTb 6h oAaa CBHHbfl... a to — mncoro! — cy3Hjn> oht> 
cboh aceJiaHia. 

— II saTbMTb TOJibKo Beji'bji'b roTOBHTbca? — ynpeieajia EjieHa 
HsaHOBHa ocjia6 , bBninMT> roJiocoMT>. — Ckojibko Ao6paro npona- 
Aaerb... pacxoAH KaKie... 

Ilon r b 6hun> rjiyxi>. 

— Hy kojih Tanx, iinb Bee caMT>!— 0. TepBacia He abh- 
ra^cii.— npa3AHyfil.. PaAywca! 5KpH!— exHflHH^ajia bi> KOHem> 
ofiGSJiaBniaaca nona^bH. 0. TepBaciH ct> 0THaaHieMi> cxBarajix 
ceOa 3a rpy^b h BOCKJiHKHyjrb, Kaicb CTpaAaJieij'B: 

— He nopH th mok) Aymy!— H icpynHaa cjiesa-roponiHHa 
BUKaTHJiacb y Hero h3t> rJia3i>. MaTyuiKa o6pa3yMHJiacb h mh- 
pt>JiK)(5nBo cKa3ajia: 

— ,HaBaH, ^to jih, o6i*AaTb... JIioah yacHHaK)TT>. 

Ohh fAku 3a cmjrb, ho He bt> napaniHOM sajrfe, aBT>cocbfl- 
Hefl MajieHLKofi KOMHaTt. nepeHecJiH TyAa HacTt acTBi> u UHTifi 
ex npHroToBJieHHaro CTOJia h 3aTBopHJiHCb. Hmx Taatejio 6hjio 
riiA^Tb aa t^mx ctojiomx, ta^ <5hjio mhofo nycTUX'b cryjibeBx, 

KOTOpbie RBlKT* 6yAT0 CKaJIHJIH 3y6H CBOHMH pi3HblMH cuhh- 
KaMB. 

— He^ero h CKaTepTb rpa3HHTb, — o6i>HCHHJia MaTyuiKa, 
paacTMJiafl cBoft sanaHKaHHHH (j^apTyKx Ha MajieHbKin ctojtb. 
0. repeacifl npeABapHTejibHO nponycraJTb cb ropa neTbipe 

pJOMKH II CH0rCIHH6aJI0BKH", M Bl> Hero T0HH0 BCeJIHJICfl H*fe- 

kto bi> paAyrt h ciflHia. H o. TepBaciH 6opMOTajn>, yTtniaa 
cefia: 

— Hnnero... Hy h necb cl BaMH. BbiJia 6h necTb npeAJio- 
Miena, a on* y6HTKy Borx H36aBHJi , b! 



OOJIOMOBOBO I'fclllKHlK. 85 

He ycirknu noxJie6aTh m,eii, KOTopua 6hjiu HeBtpoaiHo 
jKupHH h BKycHH, Kaieb bt> sajrfc ycjiumajra Bflpyn> mam. 

— Kto 3to?— cKaaajiu eynpyra b^ oahht> ixwiocb h pac- 
qBtjin: 

— HeyaceJiH?.. — Ohh 6pocHJiH o6 , 6ai> h no6iwKaJiij. Ha- 
BCTptny nwb noAHajiacb c&Aaa rojioBa, xpana: 

— O^HHaM cbato co6jnoflaa, a no3ApaBJiaio... no3ApaB t naiu.,. 
XosaeBa OTOponluiH. • nepe^x hhmh Kanajiacb h Tpacnacb 

sjioBimaa $Hrypa nona-pascTpHrn, dapuKa AicaKia, npoasaH- 
Haro nepeMeTOMi). Oh'l h3t> npaBocjiaBia ymejrb bt* eAHHoBtpie, 
H3i> eflHHOB'fepia bt> pacKOJii>, CKHTajica m?> cejia b*b cejio, 
onpeA&ieHHaro Mfccia He hmIhtb, cicpHBajica h noKaaHBa^ca 
iamb, rjifa 6HJia KaKaa-HH(5yAb paAOCTb, a npHHen JinmBifl Ky- 
coi^l xjrb6a, KOToparo jiioah bt> 3T0 BpeMa He acajitiorL, 

— Bora h a3 r b, MHororptniHHfi, aBHJica... Kaicb ace? PaAOCTb 
BejiHKaa, npeBejiHKaa, pasBejiHicaa... MoHapuiaa mhjioctb, nero me 
6oJitme? 

XoaaeBa Mojreajra, ho rojTb, He CMymaacb, npHc£jn» ki> 
CTOJiy. 

— JKfleTe?— cnpocHJii> oht>, orjiaAHBaa ctojii> ataAHbiMit 
rjiaaaMH HB'b-noA'b cfeAHX^, Topqamaxx CpoBefi, KOTopHMii abh- 
Tdjrb. Xo3aeBaMT> 6hjio HeJiOBKO, Aaace cthaho; MaryniKa 
HCKpeHHO acejiajia npoBajiHTbca Bceii CBoeH CTpanHi co BcfeMii 
HajiHBKaMH. Toctb B3i\JiaHyjrb Ha nacH: 

— He HAyTT>? 

— HCHOpTHJIHCb. 

— Si Mory noHHHHTb... Otjih^ho noHMHaio! — Ohi> noAoniejrb 
h ABHHyji r bMaaTHHK'b,HacH nonuiH, rocTb BHHMaTejibHo cMOTplyit 
h xjL&JVb, KorAa ace ohh ocTanoBaTca. Ho HacH nijui cbohmt* 
nopaAKOMX, h rocTb 3aM f &THjrb myTa: 

— Qpjmwb npHK0CH0BeHieMT> ncn.tJiHJi'b... A! KaKoBo, Ma* 
Tyimca? 

— Th Jiyqiue CKaaca: oTKyAa noacaJioBajrb? — oToaoajiacb 
EjieHa HBaHOBHa. 

— Orb 3anaAa h cfeBepa, h Mopa... 

— Kto noABe3i> Te6a? 

— Borb moh kohh!— noonepeAHO noAHajrb OH'b iLVh-n.ojXb 
pBaHaro nojiyKa(|)TaHba 06^ Horn, otfyTbia bi> Jianra. — Tojibko 
noA^eubi o6peMeHaK)T'b HacToamaxi> JiouiaAefi cotfcTBeHiiUM-b 
TfcjiOM'b, ho a bt> 3T0Mi> He rp'feuieH'b. Bee xoacy, xoacy, xoacy... 
Borb no3ApaBHTb Te6a, OTeuT>, npHinejrb. 

— Hy, no3ApaBbca, Aa h... 

— 9xi>, oTeivb, OTeu.'b... — BApyrb nepeM'feHHjrbCTapHK'bmy- 

TOBCKOH TQH1> Ha rpyCTHHH.— HOHCaJlML B^Ab, MOHCeTL 6HTb, 

TOJibKo a oahh* Te6a acajitio... fl, tboh Bpari>, HtnorAa T06010 



6* 



EEEOJUfl nMXAHOB'fc. 



cKomeHHHtf, h bott> a y hofb tbohx-b... — Aicaiciii onycriwica Ha 

KOJltHIT. 

BCTaHB, AOBOJIbHO naHCHHHaTb... 

- BcTany u cicaxcy: a jiyqrne . BcbxT* tbohxt> apysefi. Ohh Bcb 
tg6h ocTaBiiJiii. Ily, cMOTpn— KOMy cie?— OH , B , o6BeJi , B pynaMH. — 

BOTE yJKTi HMeilHO— MHOrO BBaHHUX'b... 

- Hhkopo mm He 3BajiH,— saMiTHjia MaTyimea. 

- SHaio, shew.. Ho ecjin 6h aaaee* bhihjih na pacnyria h 
crajiu 6u rpoMKo aaauBaTb, Bee 6h paBHO... Hhkto 6h! 3Ha», 
aHaio.,. Bcio Bamy HCTopiH) 3Haro... 

— OTKyjta? 

■ fl, oiem. T He orJioxi>... A cjiyxoMT* 3eM.ua nojiHHTca... 
H h CKamy nptfMo: noAJieuuL 

Hy, Bwnbewb, hto jih...— npeAJioxcHJTb, HaKOHei^b, xo- 
aaBHt, 

II toctb, BH^UB^ piOMrcy h KpaKnyB-b, cKaaaJTB: 

— JI MHoro 3Haio, OTeij-b, MHoroL 
Hy-ny... Hy-Ka eme, ^toOh ne xpoMaTb... 

— Mohcho... H CKaHcy a Te6i, Kaicb jvbjio 6hjio... y hhxb 
(Shjio cofipanie onaTb TaM'b ace, bt> KoHo6-feeB-b... yacb h 
lecTiuiH me Te<feL He no3flopoBHTCH... ByflTO, y Te6a yacb 
flaBnG yroBopeno 6ujio vh najiaTosoft KOHTopofi: B3flTKy 
th ofi^maji^ aarjiaBHOMy npoTonony, AaHe BnoJiHi AOCTaBHJTb... 
nocyjniJTB cothbo, a npeflCTaBHJi'b peHTofl," a peHrfc itftaa 
tojilko 70, Borb oh^ Te6a h npoMaHeacHJTb, flecKaTb, Torae 
jkhii, noKa peHia He jxoibjifiTb ro 100... Ho th He aypaiCB, <|>h- 
HaacH pyccKie noHHMaemb, CTOjilme jRflaTb Te6*6 He saxort- 

nOtht H BOTb TH ROCJiaJTB TpH JteCHTHIHHHUH— K'b KypCy. 

- FasocTt! HnKOMy a B3aTKH He AaBajrb. 

— HeyacTo? 

— /Ja *rbM , & xonemb noKJiHHycb... 

— Ho Toraa fcaKB ace? 

■^ BoTL TaKT>, , 

— Ct> nefia? 

— JlMeifuo-.. 

- Hy, Tor^a eme no3ApaBJiaK>... noBTopHM'b! 

— nOBTOpi]MT>I 

A ohh npoTHB'b Te6a yMHnuiaiorb... Tojibko, roBopjrr*, 
HaA'faHb OWB, tojibko Ha/rfeHb!!. 

— 4to me? 

- PyKH He nonaAHM'bl A, no aroeMy, aiea niTyKa— pyKa! 
Hy h nec-B cb hhmh!.. Oho KaiCB Tyrb (AKaicifi yaapHJTB no 
Bapsrany 0. TepBacifl), aa Tyjb (uoTpoHyjica ao jifia najibiteMT*) 
h — Bee! A TaM'b wprb cb hhmh! He Haao! Taoe MH^Hie, oTHe?.. 

— Pa3fl*Jiaio... 

PaaA'bJuiM'B h ceft rpa^HHil — BjjoxHOBHJica rocxb. 



r 



M 



;?3 



fcOJOMOMBO P*fflEHII. 8$ 

— Hy, yarb 6yAeTT> BaM*,— ocTaHaBMBaaa MaTynraa.— He 
nopaJiH Te64 ompaBJiaTbca, o. AicaKifl? 

— Kyw? 

— Jlfluoi. 

— A TA* OH*? 

— CaMi> 3Haenn>... 

— He 3Haro... H caMi> Tocnoflb Bort He aHaero... 

— IIleJl'L 6bL BT> MOHaCTbipb... 

- — He npHHHMarorB. 

— Hy eme 6m Kyaa... Ha aeMjrfc iiajio jih Mtda. 

— HtrB M*6cTa mh& BHrAfc... H th MeHH He tohh... eft-Bory, M 
He roHHl.. 3aHiMT>? nnma y Bacb MHoro, boakh— Bejiie.. '5| 
noMory..t Co Bcero chjioio Aynra... noacHBy ao aaBTpa... h no- ' :J| 
ihhk) nacH... Jlfi ohh HAyrb orjianieHHbie?.. Hy Tant... h3t> mh- || 
jiocth saHonyiD... Ta* hh to... KoHJDniHa edb?... BaHa ecTb?.. ^ 
OTem>? 

— B*b KyxH* iforaerafc... 

— Botb cnacHtfo! Bora fijiaroAaprol Si He Bpart, a HHKOMy 
He BparL, xoth MeHH oTOBCioAy roHarb. 3a hto? 3a H3MliHy... 
nepeiieTL HcKapioTtiq-b.;. A bh Bory He HaMfcHHJiH? Bu ero 
He pacnHHaeTe? Bora-To cBoero?... HopTy ayiuy aa hojithh- 
hhkt> He npoaaeTe?.. fla bh 6e3"b pacnuHama ceoero Bora una 
He npoacHBeTe! 

— YcnoKoiicfl, CTapnKT>... Hy, tto TaMi>... BbineH, — yTiniajTb 
o. TepBacifl^ Oieu^ AKaKifi Bbinajrb h CHOBa aaroBopajrb: 

— roHATB MeHH OTOBCiOAy... orb icpaa ao Kpaa, ao Toro, 
iro a Ha npoiHJioH HeA^Jit onyTHJica y TaTap*b... y Myjuiu... 
Oh& He nporHaji'B, „JKhbhV- CKaaaJit... H a aeajrb Taarb, 
OTAoxHyji'L... H a odhtl TyAa yfiAy... MhIi— ito? Mory... CajiMa, 
Kopanb... mh*6 Bee paBHO... Bet rpfcuiHHKH h a rpinmHicb ...— 
0. AKaRifi BApyrb CAtJiaJica CBHptnuM'b h cKa3ajn>: 

• — H oAHaacAH a coBepniy Bejraieift rpferbL 

— KaKofl? 

— yflAy bi> TatapcKyio Btpy... 

— Hto-o-o?— 0. TepBacifi wine npHBCKOHHjrb, cratfaa emmy 
a BblTSHyBfflHCb BC'feM'B TyjiOBHmeMT> BnepeA'b. 

— npHMy Kopafl'b, aajitay Ha MeieTb h tfyny KpH^aTb: 
Ajuia! Ajuia! 

— Tu He Toro?.. y Te6a bc* AOMa?— TpeBoacHO cnpaBJiajica 
o. TepBacifi, thto eMy naJibijeM'b bt> jio6t>. 

— Bt> nojiHOMi> yM*fe h BApaBOH naMATH... Huh^ CBo6oAa... 
Huh* KaKyio xo^emb Btpy, Ty h ncnoB'feAyH .. Ecjih h paHbuie 

«HJTb OT'b BbpU... H KT> BTOMy npHBHRT*... H eCJIH MeHfl TOHHTl), 

aico nca CMepAflntaro... H ecjin h AOJiHceHT> yMepeTb uoA'b aa- 
CopoM'b... A Apyraa Bfcpa MeHa, 6e3npiK)THaro, npiiOTHJia... to 
Jiyqiue yMpy bi> Bipi, KOTopaa sieHH corptjia... bt> HeM a yMpy 






88 HHKOJIAft fllHXAHOB^. 

He KaKTi AoxJiaa KoniKa, a kslkb HejioBticB... Yflffy, yftffy b*b 
MaroMexaHCTBo! H ecjua, no BaineMy, 3tq rpixx, nycKafi oh* 
na^erb Ha sac*! 

H o. Ana Kin TopacecTBeHHO npoTHHyjrb kt> o. TepBaciro cbok> 
BOJiocaTjR} pyicy, a caarb B r b Toace BpeMH Mpa^HO ABHrajrb ct- 

AUMH fipOBflMH CHH3y BBepX'B, BpaUJ,aa npH STOMT* 6'6jIKaMH 

rjiaa'b, 

— 06eayMtji , L... IIonaAba, oGesyM&jrb AKaKia! C6pH3HH ero 
GBflTofl BQAimefl! 

— 3Toro ein,e He AOCTaBajio, hto6h HacB 6yAynu# Myjuia 
no3ApaBJifl m>\— BOCKJiHKHyjia, oacecTOHUBiHHCb, MaTy mica: — IIo- 
HieJI'B BOHli, HexpHCTB! 

— A, TaiCb Bbl TOHHTe?? IIpoBOKaTopH!.. 

— Bou-hl bohi>!.. 

— TaKX h ace kt> Myjur&L Ceftnacb! rpferb Ha BacB h Ha 
AtT^xi, Bamnxi)!! 

H AimKitt, Haxjio6yHHB r b obhuhhA Majiaxafi, yuiejrb. Repeat 
naTL MHHyTt noirb cl nonaAteH, o6AyMaBinHCb BBHBaJiH bo 
tbm%: 

— SQ 3 oneixb AKanifi, BepHHCb... nonyft bt> eaH*... 
Ho TbMa yace norjioTHJia rfenb o. AicaKiff. 



Ha yipo, KorAa MaTyuiica xorfcjia y6paTb eo wojia ch*ah, 
o. TepBacifl ocTaHOBHJTb ee. 

— He xpoacb. 

— Koro ^AeiHb? 

— HnKQro... Caarb. 

H o + FepBacifi najrb h tjrb, r &jn> h nmrb h noTOifb cnajrb, 
ciiaJii* 6e3i. KOHija. 3a rpn nocjr&AyKmjHX'b ahh oht» o6pi03rb, 
ocoB&n h onycTHJiCH. EjieHa HBaHOBHa Toace o6e3noKOHJiacb. 

— A it*, noiuh, nojierne... Ka6n Hero He cjiy^HJiocb. 

— A HTO? 

— Snaeiub... KoHApauiKa... 

KorAa Bee 6hjio, HaKOHeu'b, cb^AeHO h MHoroe BbinHTO, h 
eacTtiJin fiyiura, o. TepBaciM npeAajica MHiuJiemio h caMoyrjiy- 
Ojieuiio. Okl He nepecTaBajrb JiOMaTb ee61i rojiOBy HaA'b pi- 
menieMt hbjxi> BonpocoBT>: KaicB h *&wb o6i>HCHHTb nocTy- 
noKT) Ha<iajibCTBa? H Kara 6biTb Tenepb no OTHOineHiK) icb to- 

— He noMoacerb jih 6jiaroHHHHHM?— BHCKaaaJia MaTyimca, 
icoTopyro o. FepBacin HeoTCTynHO boahjtl 3a co6oh) b^ Jiafin- 
penrfe-Bc.flHecKHX'b coMH'&Hia h coofipaJKemfi. 

— Bs caMOM'b A^Ji*!— BocKJiHKHy.ii'b 6aTK)iuKa ct> otfjierne- 

HieMx. 



COJIOMOHOBO P*1HEH1K. 89 

Ho mohcho jih 6ujio ixaTB kb HanaJibcTBy 3a paaptmemeMi* 
MyapeHOH saaaHH cb nycTHMH pyicaMH? 

— H'&tb! — piinnji-B o. TepBacifl. — BeacoBtcTHO nojn>3o- 
BaTbca AapoMi> *iyECHM'B paayMOMi*, He b*b mohxt> 3to npaBH- 

JiaXT*.— OHB BHHieJTB Ha ABOpi> H CTaJIB ofiOBp^BaTb CBOe xo- 

3flficTB0, oTHCRHBaa KaKOH-jmfio noAxoAamifi AJiH flapa npeA- 
Merb. Jlomajib, KopoBa, 3Kepe6eH0icb— bto cjihihkom'b yfiuTOHHo 
h HecopaaMtpHO Bejraico. KypH, rycn, hhaiohikh -- Hecopaa- 

lApHO B*B 06paTHyj[) CTOpOHy... yTKH — CO BC'&M'B BHBOAKOM'b 

b*b TpawaTb Asa yTeHKa— noacajiyn, hoaxoahjih 6h ho... ne- 
pewpHBaTb HenpHJiaqHO. 

B^pyrb ci> HeBHCOKofi coaoMeHHOH Kpunra aafijieajia Koaa. 

— Borb oht>, nepcTx Boacifi!.. PaA'B 6yAerB... Pi He ao- 
poro— Bcero TpH cb hojithhoh... Koay! eii-Bory, Koayl— 0. Tep- 
Bacift JiacKOBo noMaHHJTb ee: w ManiKa! Mamica!" Ta hchbo Ky- 
BHpnyjiacb h noAOiHJia. ITom* norjiaAHJi'b ee h aaroBopHJTb e^ 
Hefi, Kaicb Cb paayMHHM'b cym.ecTBOM'b: 

— Borb, K030HKa, (KJiaroHHHHHft B0o6paataerb bt> ceet na- 

XOTKy H JTfeHHTCH MOpKOBHHM'b COKOMTb... MopKOBHHft COKT* — 

nenyxa, a Borb TBoe mojiohko— nepBoe cpeACTBO. Hiaicb, Mama, 
co6Hpaficfl saBTpa ki> 6jiaro*raHHOMy. 
Koaa MtajiofiHO safijieajia. 

— He xonemb? He xonenib wb nyacoH aom'b?.. Hojiho... Bee 
paBHO... BeaA* 3eMJia TocnoAHfl. H TaMi> Te6a 6yAyT r b xojihtb, 
Mh He Taicb bi» Te6i HyjRAaeMca; nonajia th ko mhI* CJiy- 
naHHO, 3a Aonrb Hamen yqHTejibHHm*... Bee paBHO a npo- 
Aajn> 6h Te6a... JKajib K03JiHT0K , b? He acajiM, ohh yacb 6ojib- 
mie h oahh npoacHByT'b. A y 6jiaroHHHHaro 6yAeTB Tefii Jiynme, 
OHT) Te6i saBeAerb K03Jia... 



Ha yTpo, i;orAa npHBashiBaJin K03y icb TapaHTacy, HanaJiact 
u.'fejiaa HCTopifl. Koaa <5biJia BocnHTaHa y^HTejibHHii;eH Ha cbo- 
6oa* h He 3HaJia, hto TaKoe BepeBKa. Tenepb OHa pBajiacb 
KpyacHJiacb, pacKOBajia ECH3HbK), nyTaacb MeacAy KOJiecb. npa 
bha* TaKofi 6e3jir&pHoA oTHaaHHOcra nowb npeAJioacHJiTb cbh- 
3aTb K03y, KaK-b TejieHKa, h hojiomchtb ee bt* nepeAOK-B TapaH- 
Taca. Ho MaTymna pinraiejiLHO nporaB'b 9Toro 3anp0TecT0Bajia, 
roBopa, hto bt* TaKOikTB o6ni;ecTBt OHa hh 3a hto He noiAeT'B, 
vbwb eojite, hto y Hea HOBaa uuianKa h bo BTopoa tojibko 
pa3T> HaA'bToe MyapoBoe njiaTbe. 

— Hy, Taieb a oahh-b notAy,— He noAyMaBi), CKaaaJTB o. Tep- 
Bacifl. 

— nofeacaft... — o6HAiJiacL MaTyiHKa. — Ci> kosoh... xa-xa!.. 
H xotb th KpecTi> noJiyHHJi'B, a yMa y Te6a He npH(5aBHJiocB... 



90 bikojaM nraxAHtBi. 

CJIOBHO MCftFTapMCKift pOTMHCTp'b, KOTOpblft »eHy OCTaBHJTB flOMa, 

a Ha KaBKa:n> nofcxajTb ct> nyaejiearb... Cm*xh!.. 

0* repsacitt HacM^meKt (SoaJica h noTOMy cnpocHUTb: 

— Torzi,a Km% me? 

A MaryrnKa exHAHHHajia: 

Ilotomatt, nofcaaeaft.., Hn^ero. Ob Rosoft... — OHa yarb 
oTKOJiojia mjiflCTKy orb nbiniHo b36hthxt» bojiocl h Haarfepe- 
Bajiacb nanaTB pa3;r&Banbe. IIoitb, Bt cbok> onepeflb, sjihjich: 

- A th He epyHflH, OjieHa, TOJiKOMt roBopn, KaKB 6HTb... 

IlpHCOBtTy^ 

- A y caMoro-To y*Te6a ywb KopoBa cjinaajia?.. Ba6bHMi> 
xoiemb $kutb.„ — OHa pa3CTerHyjia nparaicy h CTajia CBepra- 
BaTb rojiyfioii KomaHbiH noacb. 

PaeoTHuirb AJiemKa, npHcyTCTBOBaBiniH npn 3T0ft ceMeftHoft 
cuent, yKpomJiii ee o^eHb npocTHM'b npe.zjJiOHceHieM'b: 

- Erace jih 6u co CTopoHceM'b ct» riepKOBHUM-b... Ko3y-m.. 

- H BtipaBAy! — BOCKJiHKHyjrb o. repBaciii o6jierHeHHO. — 
Kara panbine He aoraAaTbca!.. CaAHCb Tenepb, nonaflba, He 
fiofiea 3a cboh Myapu! 

MaiyHiKa Mojiqa 3acTerHyjia onaTb Kopcaacb. Ko3y, Cb Be- 
peBKOft Ha met, caajiH ijepKOBHOMy cropoacy h nofcxajra... Ho 
jiojiro o. TepBacifl n AjiemKa orjiaflUBajiacb Hasa.zj'b. 

- ynp^MincH, MonieHHHua... ynepjiacb aaflHHMH HoraMH, 
Kaicb coxoft... A Tenepb boht> bt> CTopoHy MeTHyjia... TjiHHb-Ka, 
CaTioniKa, c^ 6yrpa-T0 OHa B*b OBparb noTHHyjia EpMOJiaa... 

- JXd. oh* HHKaicb ee flepacorb Hafl'b o6puBOM , b? flypaicb... 
yjmBnrb... EpMomKa, hto th aluiaenib? — ncnyraHHO 3aicpH<iajrb 
o FepBaclfl, ho Torb yxce h caMT> aoraflajjca, cnpbirHyjrb bt> 
OBparb h *iepe3i> MHHyTy CHOBa iiohbhjich Ha aoporfe. 

- OGoHAeicfl,— saidiTHjrb Ajieimca h yaapHJi'b no jioma- 

IlepBoe Bpena y 6JiaroHHHHaro ceMba KejipojraBaHCKHX'b 
^yBCTBosajia cefia hcjiobko, TaKT> Kaic* xo3aeBa BejiH ce6a 
^pe3BHqaflHo cAepacaHHo n cyxo. 0. TepBaciH BJiHJica Ha Ep- 
MOJiaa, KOTopHH 3ano3,n;aji'b. EjieHa HBanoBHa BonpocHTejibHo 
norjiajiuBajia Ha Myaca, h bt> Kpyrjibixii ea rjiasax'b Hyajica 
^epAHThjfi Bonpoc-b: 

- CKopo-jiii K03y-To npHBeayrb? A to xoTb flOMoii Bnopy... 

HaKO»em>, Kor.ua K03a noaBHJiacb Ha ABopfc, h 6jiaroHHH- 
HHxa ycjibjwajia mi> ycrb rocTbH, hto y 3Tofi K03H — He mo- 
,i30ko, a HacTonmifl KyMHCb, 6jiaroHHHHHH »ce 6e3i» bchkhxi> 
06-bflCHeHiii naiiajrb ea Ha3HaqeHie, ohi*, HaKamaaBnuicb bjw- 
CTajib, bx AOKasaTejibCTBo CBoefi cepbe3Hofl fiojiisHH, saroBO- 
bmji^ HpeaBHHaijHo 6jiarocKJioHHO: 

Bama liarpa^a, o. repBacifi, npaMo, no MOeMy MfffeHiK), 
Atjio CBepx*b-ecTecTBeHfloe... OTKpoiocb BaMi>: Ctunb ko Mflt 8a* 






60J0M0H0J0 mums. 01 

npo<vb, h a, npocTirre, Tcnepb h^tb HaAoCHOCTH cKpbiBaib,— 
OTHHCaJTb Bee, KaKt 6hjio... 

— H npo MeHa? 

— ,Ha... Kaiocb... Ho, BHjurre, npaBfla-TO nocJiyjKHJia Ha 
nojibay.— Ojraaico, jihuo o. TepBacin 3aTyMaHHJiocb. 

— ^a bh hto?— ofioflpajrb ero o. Tapacifi.— Xopoino see, 

HTO XOpomO KOHHaeTCH... 

— TaK'B-TO oho Taicb, ho Tenepb, OTeu'b Tapacifi, mob ae- 
AoyM-feHie enje fiojilse B03pacTaerb... x 

— MaJio jih TafiHTb, o. TepBaciH, bt> npHpofl* h jkh3hh 4e- 
•noBtHecKOtt, KOTopua CKpuTbi orb Haniero yMa, orpaHHHeaHaro 
bi> CBoefi cy6cTaHuiH. Hero 6e3noKOHTbca? IIojiyqajiH h fijia- 
ro^apHTe Bora, nojjaTejia Bcix* me^porb. 

— Ho... npnHHMaTb jih Harpaay? 

— OHa yacb npHCJiaHa. Ha no<rrfe. Borb noBtcTKa... 

— 9x1), nocMOTptTb 6u... — npoH3HecJia EjieHa HBaBofina 
HeTepiriuiHBO. 

— #a mh cefiqacb ace nonuiearb 3anncKy Ha noHTy! 



Hepea'b nojiqaca fijiaroHHHHHft yaee pacnapwBaJTb nocEuiicy. 
KeflpojiHBaHCKie croajm okojio b^ HeTepirfcjiHBOM'b OHCH^anm b 
flo H3B*fecTHofi CTeneHH CTpa^aJiH orb Me/uiHTejibHocTH ^BHii;e- 
Hifi h MeTOAHHHOCTH 6jiaro<raHHaro, kotophh CTapajica coxpa- 

HHTb BT> U^JIOCTH He TOJIbKO KOJieHKOpi> H BepeB0<IKy, HO U 

cypryTO, KOTopuMTb aaneiaTaHa 6tiJia nocHJiKa. CypryTb 3totb 
oht> npHBHRi c6eperaTb, saHHMaacb B*b s CBo6o,n;Hoe BpeMa csa 
pHBaHbeMT> ero bt> ocotfofl (J)opMH najiOHKH h 3acTaBjiaa no- 
tomx noHTMeficTepa JioMaTb rojiOBy, Ha KaKO# $a6pHKt noKy- 
naerb o. Tapacifi Tanofl CMpaflHO-mnnyHiH cypry*rb Heonpe- 
fltjieHHaro itBtTa bl HOMepa... KeApojiHBaHCKie xoponio 3iara, 
KaKie fiHBarorb HanepcHue KpecTH, ho hmt> Ka3ajiocb, hto usn 
KpecTB, HaBipHoe, 6yaerb Kaicoro-TO oco6aro BHaa h Ka^ecTBa 
h Moacerb HanojiHHTb hxi* cepAUa hobhm'b HpesBuqaHHHMi) 
^yBCTBOMi*. Ohh aaflbixajiHCb orb oaenaaHia; EjieHa Beano ruu 
roTOBa fiHJia BHXBaTHTb mi> pyfcb 6jiaro<raHHaro HoacHEmu, ko- 
TopuMH oht* He ToponaJicH A^HCTBOBaTb, TmaTejibHo crpefiaa 
KpoiHKH cypryMa... CeicyHflH Ka3ajracb ^acaMii... Ho Borb bu- 
CKOHnjn> H3T> pyieb 6jiaro^HHHaro (^yTJiap'b, h MaTyuiKa Ejieuu 
HBaHOBHa CB Hey.aoBOJibCTBieM'b oTMiTHJia: 

— Orapbiii... oCojipaHHii. 

— 3to Bceraa... 06MiHHBaro , rb TaMX... Op^em* jih, Kpeen> 
jih, — Bee paBHo <£yTJiflp'b CTapufi... 

— A Cepyrb, Kaieb aa hobhh? 

— HHoraa h JieHTy He ^onuiiDTB... Ho Kaicb aaiiHpaiorb 



92 RHKOJtAtt IllHXAHOB'h. 

— OyTJiapx He 6fcfla, ho jieHTa... Ee He Kynnnib Ha 6a3apt 
wb KoHofiteBt, bt> jTaBieHKaxt... Tyro KaicbL 2Kah cjiyiaa — 
oBe^Ben JipMapKH, a to H3T> ropo#y BbinncHBafi... Hho2 6h h 
Bo^A^t na bhk), fla He no c^opMi fiy/jerb... 

— To to a ahbhjica: noneMy 9T0 y kohchctopckhx'b npo- 
ToiepeeBi* tyyTJiapH Bcerzja tohho h3t> MaraaHHa... Ha hto 3a- 
parca! 

— /I,a,.. y hexx 3Ta GTaTbfl 6es r b HBHOcy... 
EjiaroiHHHHH 0TKpujn>, HaKOHeui>, Kpbiimcy ofijiynHBinarocfl 

i|)yTJiHpa. Jlynfi cojraija, rjiafltBinaro bt* okho, okojio KOToparo 
ecfe xpoe CTOflJiH, y^apHJin no aojiOTy h ocjifanwra rjiaaa 
o. FepBacia, npHHyflHB f b hxx npnmypnTbca. 

B.iaro^HHHHH nojioinejrB Kb HKOHaMi>, rufe CToajia CBaTaa 
sojja, noKponHJi'B HeMHoro Harpaay, KaiCL 6u oMHBa* ct> Hen 
jjyxoBHyio HeHHCTOTy, h, noBepHyBniHCb aaT^Mt ki> o. TepBa- 
c'm t CKaaaJit: 

— Hy-CB... Bo hmh OTija, h Cbraa, h CBaTaro JJjxvl... 3a 
peBHOCTh h ocofoie Tpyflbi... 

0. I>pBacin HarHyjrb meio, KpecTacb, a 6jiaroHMHHHH, ocfe* 
HHBt ero KpecTOM'B, pacnpaBHJTb ufkub, paacTaBJiaa KaiCB mohcho 
raupe oTBepcrie, o6a cA r IuiajiH flBHaceme Bnepejrb, o. TepBacift 
rojioBoE, o. Tapacitt pyicaMH, h Kpecrb onyraJica Ha bh* Ha- 
rpaayieHHaro, KOToptift, noij'lwioBaB'B Harpaay, CTajn> Jio63aTbca 
CB fijiaroiHHHHM'B. Kor.ua ohh TepjiH metcn o6t> meKH, EjieHa 
HsaHOBHa, pacnpaBJiaa Ha chhh* CBoero Myata nepeicpyTHB- 
rniflca otb^cb n^nn, jiacKOBO aaM^Hajia: 

— He yM^erb eme hochtb-to, kkwl cjr&Ayerb. 

— HayquTca, fliuio He My^peHoe, — OTBiTHJib (JjiaroHHHHbifl 
h npHrjiacHJit: 

— IIoHAeMTe bt> CTOJiOByio, 6jiaroHHHHHxa-To em;e He bh- 
najia„. Six th, Mapea, Mapea, neqenraca o mhos&m'b... Cmotph — . 
jiKtfyflCH, MaTb... Hobhh KpecTOHOceij'b! 

Bjiaro^HHHHxa, oTnnpaa niKa^, bt> nojiyofioporb BarJiaHyjia 
w CKasaJia: 

- 3Taicon me, Kaieb h y Te6a. 

— A th noaApaBb, MaTb. 

— IIo3flpaBJiaK), — OHa no/jajia pyicy, He cauraaa najibijeBrb. 
0. FepsaciH cl HyBCTB0MT> Tpacb npoTaHyTyro JionaTKy, cat- 
jiajrt ABHJKeHie nomiaoBaTb ee, ho 6jiar.o<raHHHxa MrHOBeHHO 
OTflepnyjia, roBopa: 

— Bi> jKejiTKaxx: aHHHnuy CTpanaJia,—H noTOMX 3Bohko- 
3B0HK0 pacixtjiOBajiacb cb rocTben. 

— Ca^HTecb... CKymafiTe rjiaayHbio, a hotomx Haft 6yAeMi> 
tiHTb, — OTAaBT> necTb aHHHHu,*, o. TepBaciH naai> natt ct> 
oTMtHHHM'b anneTHTOM'b, npn nem> He uovh npeofiopoTb HCKy- 
meHia BarjiaHyTb Ha Kpecrb npa KancflOMTb tjiotk* naio, o6e- 



cojbomohobo F^msBie. » 93 

peraa ero otb Kpaa CTOJia h HanpaBJiaa ero icaHama Ha nacTbip- 
CKin cepe6paHtra Kpecrb, oT^ero nojiynajiacb HtacHaa Mystiica 
flByxi* MeTajuiOB-B, jiacKaBtnaa yxo EjieHH HBaHOBHH, ho bh- 
3BaBmaa aaMtnaHie fijiaroHHHHaro: 

— Cepe6pnHHH-To Tenepb b*b apxaBi*, h6o MeHbmee norjio- 
maeTca 66jibmHM'b. — 0. TepBacifi xorfejrb 6hjio tottocb ace 

CEHTb CTapHH KpeCTb, HO 6jiarOHHHHHH OCTaHOBHJTb:— Il0CJr&... 
nOTOATB... 

— Tenepb yBacx, o. TepBacifi, BnepeAH-npoToiepeficTBo — 
aaHHMajia 6jiaroHHHHHxa rocTeii. — ,ZJaii BorB... 

— Ott> Bceii AyuiH 6jiaroAapro Bacb, JIk>6obb IleTpoBHa. 

— JlflVL Bofb, ^afl Borb... Mh He aaBHCMHBH, HanpoTHB'b, 
acejiaearb, hto6h y Beta* 6hjih Taicia HarpaAH... KoHeHHo, hhoh 
paai* HarpaacAaroTTb h He 3Hafl aa hto... 

Ho TyrB oHa cnoxBaTHJiacb h npn6aBHJia: 
s — H He o6t> Bact roBopio, o. TepBaciH... Bh, KOHe<rao, no 
aacJiyraM'b... 

Toraa o. TepBaciH, rioA^ BJiiaHieMTb xoaaficKOH jiacKH h bh- 

HHTHX'b TpeXI> pBOMOICb BHHa, pa3MJHCb H IiyCTHJICa BT> OTKpO- 
BeHHOCTB: 

— HHkTL, JIk)6obb IleTpoBHa, KaKie ace moh oco6He TpyAH? 
HanpoTHB'b... Ecjih h fibijia oco6aa peBHOCTb, to He HarpaacAe- 
Hiro, a CKopte HaKaaaHiio noAJieacanjaa... CaMH 3HaeTe, He 6yAy 
pacnpocTpaHHTBca... ripoiny BHHKHyTb tojibko bt> mok> Ayniy, 
bt* Ayniy!— oht* CTyiajn>no rpyAH icyjiaicoM'b. — Aynia Cojihtb... 
CMyi^eHa h HeAoyMtBaerb... HocHTb, hjih He HOCHTb?., 

— KaaceTca, H6cHTe... — yjiHfiHyjiacb 6jiaroHHHHaxa. 

— Ho Kaia> Aajibme 6tiTb? BfcAfc TOBapama ocyacAarorb! 
Meamy hhmh ponoTb... rpo3arb npeKpaTHTb o6meme... 

— A BaMi> kto Aopoace— HanajibCTBO, mjih TOBapamn? 

~ ,3,a, b*ai>, Kaicb cKaaaTb... H 6e3i> 3Toro Hejibaa, h desi* 
Toro He o6oHAembca. A oaho ct> ApyrHM'b, KaKb oroHb h BOAa, 
bt> BejiHKOM'b npoTMBopi^iiH... H noTOMy— ApaMa... 

Bet saAyMajmcb h noMOjraajiH, nocjrfe Hero xoaaHHt 
Hspeira 

— HaAo oaho mT> AByxx BH6paTb. 

— KoTopoe ace?— TparHHecKH npon3Hecb rocTb. Ha bto 
OTBtrajia paHbine Bcix'b ero coocTBeHHaa aceHa: 

— j3,aBH0 a Tefit roBopio: 6pocb 6jiaronpiaTeJieii, a th Bee 
MajioAyinecTByenib. 

A 6jiaroqHHHHxa AofiaBHJia: 

— Oxi*, yacb 3to TOBapnm;ecTBO, npocTH TocnoAH, ra- 
Aoc?n> nopaAOHHaa. Hho« pa3 r b ki> xoMy aoBeAy r n>, hto bbcb' 
BtK-b naTHo!.. 

— JO[a, Aa... 

— Botb xoTb 6w TorAa... Hy, hto raJiAtJin? 4ero xorbju? 



¥4 HHKOJlAfl UIHXAUObf>. 

0. repaaciii onycTiurb rojioBy. 

— H ca>[T> He 3naio, Kaia> iipoiiaouuio cie... 

— HosiuaKn... KpiiKyiihi... HeBojiarB, — eKa3ajn> CJiaroiiiH- 
HHih— MiMonaTiiua... 6upoiiHrb. IloAXBamni cjiyqafliiyio MUCJib, 
TaKi> cKaaaTb, pia desiderata, MCMTy, yivfcniuracb aa nee— 
nouuiG. 

— Botb HMeimo!.. 

- 0. IVpBacni Aojniceirb Tenepb cb'b3;uiTb k*b HaiajibciBy 
ut> ry6epniio, — TBepjo aajiBiuia 6naro i nnmiixa. 

- Ox^, bottj My4(jiibe!- BocKJiiiKnyji-b HarpaHCReHHUii. 

- Ho linage Kara tfce? UoBiiiuiTbOi... Bt> 9ToM r b hto xy- 
Anro? Buuumch ;i<e nepe;n> FocriOAOM'b bo rp'bxax'b... KaacA^fl 
Aent, ica^fluii T iacb, mo/kiio cKa^aib, rp'bimiM'b, hh ua mart 
Seat rp'bxa, — u x ito 6iijio 6u, em 11 6u lie Kanjincb?! 

A /itu, Bfe^b MOio nonaAMO Bopb paayMOM , BHeo(>BA , fcjrb¥— 
c% yjiufiKoii Boiipomaji'B xoaaiiirb rocTeii. 

0. FepBaciii iio*iejn> aojiroM'b TaKTiiHHo ynoMjrayTb jio- 
cTcuiK'TBaxb npe;j,K(»B'b xoaaiiKii: 

— ^a, noKOHiibiii 0. IleTpi> 6njtl paayMa Heo6traafiETaro. 
ITpoiisoiiiJia nay3a, nocjit KOTopofl JIioOobb I'lexpoBHw 

npouaiiecjia: 

— IlaMJiTb eMy neAaBiio 6biJia... bt> npouiJioe BOCKpecenbe.— 
Tor^a rocTLfl BOCKJiiiKHyjia: 

To-to Baci> h ne 6hjio y nacb! A mu cb nonoM'b ay 
MaJin-raaajin, no T ieMy 3to He npibxajiii? 

- jXypaKaMH-TO mm HiiKoraa ne 6biJiu... 
Repeat MimyTy 0. FepBaeiii 3aro3opiui r b: 

- flfl, noaKajiyif, naj,o CKb3AiiTb bt> KOHCHCTopiiu. 

— 06fl3aTejibHo! H He aaMeAJiinejibno! — HacTaHBaj]^ 6jiaro- 

HHHllblfi. 

4epe3t jiwb Helium 0. FepBaciii coo6m;ajrB npifexaBineMy 
k% Beiiy o. Tapaciio: 

- J\&, 6biJia HaKaJiKa, hto u roBopnib... TaKan 6ara— h-h!.. 
HyA^ bt> K0HU,1i KouuoBb, Bee o6uin:iocb 6jiaroiio.TiyHHroiM JIfiJVh 
h, npemjje Bcero, iioArmcicy B'b tomti, #eci:aTb, hto iioAnHcajie-fl 
UQRh Tkwb, anaeie, iviynuM"b npoTOKojiOM'b no HeAopa.iyM'fauiio. 
Ho Bumy— Majio. „ L lero mojit*, eiije?" 

— 3auuuiiicb bt> coi03-b pyccwaro napoAi. — „0b noJiHUMt 
yAOBo^LCTBieM'b". CA'bjiajrb B3iiocb, yOjiaroTBopmiHCb. 

— A npo Mena ne cnpciiiiiiBajiii? 

- CnpauiHBajiu... II a yAocTOB , £piiJi r b, tto nojyh HaTHCKOM'L 
HtKOTopuxb annaTopoB-b bh ne Moiviii HanpaBHTb coSpaaie 
no uaa-aesKameMy pycjiy, a tto wb Aymb h ua cjiobjs-l jbm 
GfelJXU jiponiB-b. 

— BjiaroAapio aa #o6poe cjiobo... 



COJIOMOHOWO P^mFHIK 95 

— C^IIIficTb CBOITM'B npHMblMl) flOJirOMT>... BcTpf>TILTb, MC- 

5KAy npo^uMi), bx ropoA'k oma Ma pica... Pa3c.Ka3a.Tb eny Koe- 
hto, TaKi) OHi) caMOCTujiTOjiMW n-')CtacajiT^ u c;rfcjia:n> noAotfnoe 
ace 3aflBJieHie... /{ojiskho 6uti>, c-topo Bcr>M r b npeAJioacarb CA'b- 
JiaTb to ace caMoe... A KuTopufi ocTanyxcfl npn npeHCHeMx 
MHiHin, Tix r L 6y,ayn> copTiiporuvrr, no Apynnrb ytsAaM'b... 

— 3to BO'fb Hanpaciiu!— BociwiiiKHy.i'L oTei^b Tapacift, a 
oTeii,!) repBaciii oG'bsicmui'b: 

— OfiHHcaioTCH, rnaBiibiM'b o6pa30M7>, Ha rjiacHOdb... Bt> 
.in6epajibHHX r b ra3eTaxT> 61 wo iiano'iaTauo. Maio Toro, roBO- 
pflTb, ^to naKOCTb y T iuuiMii, eme n Bocne i ia.Tajiii o(Vb oiioii, 
bt> oacimaHhi cyeTiiofl noxBa.ra... CxfeACTBie no ceMy noBoay 
fiyflexTb, h Ha^o iio^araxi", oruy IleTpy ct> qtixom'l naBJioMT* He 
CAo6poBaTb... Ceicpe/rapb npaMO CKaaajn>: „Mu Bamero 6paTa 
OTyqiiMi) orb rasen/'. 

— A Bbi noMajiKiiBaftTe o6x 3T0M r b, oTeivb repBacifi. ycjiu- 
marb, ein,e 11 o5t> 9tomx nanc^aTaiorb. Hapo;n> mmh KaKoii!?. 

— Si TOJIbKO BaMT>... 

— Mirifc MOJITO,— a Moriuia... - II 6jiaro T mmiHii eme mine 
saroBopujii), onycRaa ao iiieiioTa croh ronocx: — Meauy npo- 
HHM'b, oTeivb repsacin, niiTcpeciio,— npocTUTe 3a HecKpoMiiHii 
Bonpocb: bo ckojilko jkc ooollijiocl npimnpeiiie? 

OTeivb repBaciii o6b<\tb rna3a.Mii icapiin.Tb KOMnaTti, r^t 
bhjich njnomx, BSAoxnyjit 11 oTB'bni.Tb To;Ke iuenoTO>i7>: 

— KaKTb CKasaTb?... r 7Jeiibra>,in innero lie b3iijiil Ho ceicpe- 
Tapb Ha3iia T nLTb cBiiaauie bt> rocinniiu'b „Poccia", 3iiaeTe — 
mhicapnafl TaKan cb BepKajiaara bo bcio ju*epb?.. Hy ? 3aiiHJin 
mh oco6biii Ka6imerb... Ciia^a-ia Bee Hiiirb-MimoM'b, cepbe3Hbiii 
pa3roBppi>, A"6JitHuft: iiac^ierb coiosa pycci:aro iiapoaa, bh6o- 
poBi> bt> /TyMy 11 np. IIpoipaMMaMii 11 bcjikiimh 6poniiopaMH 
CHadAHJix MeHH. Meaciy npoHUMX, SKajrhax, hto A'McTBiiTejibHO 
HarpaAH ofipeMeiiaiorb, 11 uaBo;ui:rb enpaiiKii 6oraTtix , L no- 
naxT>, KOTopue BHAep/Karb... JI. Ko.'ie r mo, He cicpbijix KpeAHTO- 
choco6hocth namero 6paTa... no coBtcm... 

— Hy? 

— II npo OTua Mapna, iianpinrbpT), npflMO CKa3ajn>, ^to na- 
rpaAHTb ero 6ojibiuoii narpaA^fi paBirociiJiiiiio 6yAe'fb nyciHTB 
ero no Mipy, noiOMy— coMbiima, u KaiKAHii rpoun> na y^eTli... 

— A npo MeHH ^to CKasa.^iii? 

— ripH3Haiocb, Bacb OAixoro 11 BHAtfnrajrb... 

— Xm... — 6jiaro i iiiiiiibiii hhctiihktiibiio cyiiyjix pyKy bi> 
KapMaHx, a OTeux repBaciii up<>A ( - , ^"* ,1 i>- 

— IIotomx noAouieji'b Kh nuMTb rjiaBHwii CTOJioiianajibHHicb, 
BHCOKifi TaKoii, xyAymiii 11 ci> 6o;ri»iniiM'B-KaflUKOM , b, rjiaBHHfl 
npiaTejib ceKpeiapn, upaBan ero pyKa... 

— 3flaio... 



96 HHKOJJAft nj)lXAHOBT>. 

- Orajio Haci> Tpoe, sHannrB... CeMeH'B CeMeHbTTB, ceicpe- 
Tapb-io, B3flJi , B KapTOHKy acTBt sl irarift, no8Bajn> xjr&6o;n;apa 
ct BHHOiepnieMT* h Hanaji-B THKaTb nepcTHeMi> no npeftcB-icy- 
paHTy bo bc6 Mida. H TOTqacB, KaicB no MaHOBemio BOJime6- 
naro a£e3Jia, noaBHJiHCB Ha ctoji* — HKpa, CaJiUKH, oMapu h 
pasHHe (Sn^niTeKCH h pa3HocojiH, HMeHa hxi>, Fochoah, Tbi 

B^CH... liflHM'B, nBeM'B, BHa^HTB, CeC'feAyeM'B TOM"B, CeMfc... 
MHOrO a OTt HHX'B y'BHaJTB TyTT> H npO KOHCHCTOpCKHX'B 3anpaBHjrB 

h ^aace npo BJiaAHKy... OrapoBeHHUHajra, — h Hejib3a cica3aTB, 
hto6h MaTepiaJii> 6um> ffo6poKaHecTBeHHHfl: Bee CojiBme CMim- 
Hoe, aHeKAOTHHecKoe... H bot'B CTOJioHaqajibHHicB h roBopHTB: 
rt maMnaucKaro 6biL" BHacy, a&JI&tb He^ero... 3aKa3ajn> 6hjio 
6yTEJJKj'4Ky pyccKaro, ho ohh He 3axorfejiH h HioxaTb TaKoro 
KBacy; npanuiocB KaicB cjrfeAyerB — 3arpaHH ic raaro... /JMctbh- 
TejiBHO— bhhi^o, xaHTB He npaxoAHTca... H /jpyryio noTpetfoBa- 
.to... 3aKypnjiH carapH HacToam,ia, raBaHCKia... H HanajiMCb 
aneK^OTH H3T> #pyroro yac-B amnica. — Macrepa! IIpH3HaTBca, 
Mena aaToinHHJio Aaace... A tlokl KOHeij'B a yaci> He mofb h 

OCTaBETbCH... 

0. TepBacifi sanHyjica. 

— rtoHeMy ace?— cnpocnJTB o. Tapacifi. 

- fl,a He MorB... Hy, KaicB iepefi... Hy, npocTO KaicB Myan>, 
yBaacaioiniH cotfcTBeHHyro aceHy... 

— A, noHHMaio... A ohh ocTajracB? 

— ^a, nocjiajin 3a KaKHMH-TO oco6aMH aceHCKaro nojia... 
H we cfitHcaji'B, Ha Hea^opoBBe coanajica... 

— Bot'B apTHCTH!.. Xoponio xotb to, hto BaMi> naaraTB He 
npniUJiocb. 

— H-frrB, o. Tapacin! 3a Bee sanjianeHO— bot'B OTcio^a! — 
OTeixh TepBacin niyMHO xJionHyjii* no CBoeMy KapMaHy. — H 3a 
to, ^to nocJit MeHa 6hjio... ABaHCOMi)... 3a Bee... 

— OAHaieo!.. 

— Jb». 

— Ckojibko ace? 

MHoro 3a6pajii» bt> ce6a BOBAyxy OTei^ TepBacift npeaeae, 
whwb otb£thtb... 

— ».Cto ABa^i^aTB Tpn pyfijia copoicB neTHpe Koir&e<ncHL 
BjiaroHHHHHH noKanaJTB tojioboh h conpynieHHO saiuimHJrB: 

— BaaToicB, npaB^a, He GepyrB, ho to ace Ha to bhxoahtb... 
He Jier^e npeacHaro.. ,ZJa eme nojiHTHKy npacTerayjiH... y-y^fc! 



ynjiaTHB"B 3a Kpecra ctojib AoporHMi> yromemeM'B, o. Tep- 
Bacin bochjtb ero noTOMTb, HHHToace cyMHaca, 6e3x BcaKoft 
Apa&m bt> cepAn,*, h tojibko npn BCTpi^t cb TOBapHBo;aMH 
aeBo^BHO npnacHMajTB ero Kh rpy^H, Kaicx 6u hhcthhkthbho 






rp^AyniAro cuactmt aaibjue ahh. 97 

•xpaHM Aoporyx) coficTBeHHOCTb otb HaxaJibHaro nopyraHia: 
crnfiajica, XMypmica, miiero ne roBopnjrb h TopomiHBO y«a- 
juuica. Ero aadirajiH. 

H kx 6jiaroHHHHOMy cTajia othochtbch aaM^THo xyace, xota 
h He HacTOJiBKo, hto(5h mejiaTb ero 3aifbHH ApyrnMt jumoirB. 

■60 RJISl BCfeXT) CTajIO flCHO, KTO IiepBHH KaHAHAaTI* Ha 3TO 

irfecTO. 

— Ob TapacoMi) xopomo Haxjie6ajiHCb, a yaeb TepBacb 
spaMO yTonarb... Ha to nomejrb, B'B co6opHue m£tuti»! 

HHKOJMM UlHXaHOBl. 



rpfl^ymiaro ciacThfl AaJieKie ahh 
Ob ciflHiearb cojiHua, u.B'&TOB'b h jiaaypH... 
Bi> HeHacTHyio hohl, noATb pacnaTaMH 6ypa, 
He BtpHTca cepAuy, hto 6yAyTi> ohh! 

KoHIja H^TT) AOporfc TOMHTeJIbHO-TpyAHOM... 

He coh'l jih t6 jhoahmtj upHrpe3HJicfl HyAHbiE? 
Ho, cojiHue, th 6ynemBl.. H jiioah ct> TpyAOMi> 

nOBipflT'b KpOBaBOH H TOpeCTHOH 6HJ1H 

H, bt> yacacfe, cupocarb: „,ZI,a BnpaBAy-Jib bh jkhjih,- 
JIk>6hjih, cirb&JiHCb, 6opoJiHCb cb BparoMT^? 
Ha npaaAHHKi CB'fcTJiOM'b jih)6bh h cbo6oah 
He CHflTca-Jib TiopbMbi HaMi> yrpiOMbie cboah?" 

n. fl. 



/leKa^j 1. OtijJwn. i 



(hepKH H3T> HCTOPIH nOJIHTH4e6KHX r fe M 

oCmeeTBeHHbiXTb Hflefi jjeKadpneTOBTb. 



FJIABA 111. 

Hpueiery ptHpopirb M. 0. Opjiosa, rp. M. A. ^JiHrpieBa-MaMOMOBa 
11 H. H. r l>preH6Ba Bt 1814 — 17 ro^axi..— Or>m,ecTBO PyccBMXT, 

Puu,apeii. 

Bcfe y Ku:mHHBia HaMH, KaKt OTpaijaTeJibHbia, TaK'B h nojioJKHTe*b- 

HMii RI41HJ3 COfltfiCTBOBaJH B03HHKHOBeHilO H pa3BHTlK) JH6epaJbHHX7. 

wnefi bti PocciH, KOToptia 6hjih pacnpocTpaHeHti, kohc^ho, He cpeflii 
tUHHrb *umowb oSmecTBa. IIocjrfcflHie, BnpoieM'b, hhoS pasi* yajie- 
Kaiuicb f npe,a;cTaBJiaH ce64 pacnpocTpaHeHie bthxt, H^efi ropa3,n;o 6o.rbe 

^HawreJbHIJMt, lliM!* 8T0 6hULQ B'B fltftCTBHTeJIbHOCTH. TaK'B,' Hanp., 

H. A. BecTyaKeBi bt> CBoewh noKa3amH tobophtl: «eji,Ba jih He Tpen> 
pytcKaro AsopaHCTBa MHCjiajia hoji;o6ho Hairb, xoth 6Hja Hact 
(jCTopomHie^. KaxoBCKOMy npoijeHTb jiH6epajioB'B cpe^a mojloj&jrb npe*- 
cTas-VHJica *?uie fiojrfce 3HaqHTeJibHHMT>. Bi» iracbirfc H3i» KptnocTH ofb 
roBopurb: *jl c& HeMHorHMH qjieHaMH TafiHaro 06mecTBa 6hjb 8Ha- 
koitb h Boo6me AyMaio, nacjio axt He bcjihko. Ho H3t Sojibraoro iHc*a 
Houx'b SB&ttOiiux'b, He npHHaAJieacamBxt HHKaKHirB Tafimnrb 06me- 
RTBaiiii, ohchb HeMHorie 6mjih npoTHBHaro co mhok) imiHia. Cirfcio 
roBopK, wo H3i» TBicaqH MOJio ) fl;iiixx jnofleft He HaBjjeTca da leiOBiK'b, 
KOTopue 6u He muau cTpaarbio kt> cbo6oa*». 

II oca* p'hM rocyaapa Bt BapmaBi bt. 1818 r. BecbMa MHOrie 
ir»HAajiii BBeifleHLs KOHCTHTynjoHHaro cipoa h b^ PocciH. TypreHeB-L 
^jin'feqaerB B'B GBoera flHeBHHKi 3 anp&ia 1820 r. JiroSonHTHHft $aKTL. 
«Hacnxi. ppaTb co6pajiHCb ceHaTopu flia oG^aBJieHiH MaHH$ecTa o 
pa3Bojvb o,ecapeBHqa KoncTaHTHHa IIaBJiOBH<ia *). CeHaTopu, He 3Haa, 
saitm ax'L cofiapaiorb, hckuh npiranffb. HHLie nojaraJiH, — nmo mu- 
mtifiermiik o KOHemumyt^iu, HHbre — o BOJibHOCTH KpecTbHFb. 3Haen> 
Koiu&a, ibe waco cvbjia!» npH6aBjaerb TypreHeBi», oqeBHflHO, no aapecy 

) MasMlwro 3T0TB noHBHJicji 20 iiapTa. II. C. 3. XXXVII, JS 2S.2#8. 






01EPKH HST* MCTOPIH HABfi flEKABPHCTOB'B. 99 

nocjtAHHxii *). 3aBajiHmHH , B cBHfliTejibCTByerB, tto «JH(5epaibinja 
unt>infl, Bii ofiffleifb, 6hjeh oieHb pacnpocTpaHeHM Aa»e b*b Haiaib- 
cTBeHflTitxi, c^epax'b*, ta* He 6oajiHCb npH6jiHacaTb k*b ce6t h*koto- 
ptixt JDfleft, cjiHBraHX'L jiHfiepajaMH. ?to ace KacaeTaa ofimecTBeHHHX'b 
reqeHifi, to, no ciOBairL 3aBajHniHHa, H^ROTopue «MeiTa*H o ciHmKoin» 
jTonnqecKHX'B cpeACTBaxi rocyAapcTBCHHaro ycTpoflcxBa, ^a»e Bpoirt 
4>eHeioHOBHX , B nopaMOB'B BceoSmaro 6paTCTBa» 2 ). 

.' In pn;jarHie nojHTHiecKaro jra6epajui3Ma B'b Maccfc mojeoacsh boch- 
Hofij yHUBepcHTeTCKOii h BcaKOfl Apyrofi ecTecTBerao >H3HBajio se- 
lanie nonuiaTbca BHCTynHTb Ha 6opb6y ci> 6e3o6pa3HHM , b hoihth- 
MeciurM-b ii couiaibHHM'B CTpoeBfb. Ho bccth btj 6opb6y b'b ne^aTH, 
npii cyniecTBOBaHiH cTposaflmeft npe^BapHTejibHofi ijeH3ypH, 6hjo xkio 
cosepmeflHo H6B03MO»Hoe, He roBopfl yace o tomtek nTo He Bca*ifi 
cnocoOeffb kt> jHTepaTypHOMy TpyAy. HaKOHeiyb, OAHHx*b jiHTepaTyp- 
BHTb luiflHifi 6hjio He^ocTaToqHO a*h npeo6pa30Bama rocy^apcTBeH- 
Haro cTpoa: oaurb 3anaAHOft Ebpohbi noKasajrb, *ito am saBoeBania 
nojHTH^ecKOJB cbo6oah HysHa aKTHBHaa 6opb6a go cTapmn* nopaAKOMT>. 

HeBQ^MOSHOCTb OTKpHTO BblflCEHTb 06meCTBeHHHfl 3aAa*IH H CH0C06bI 

fiopbfibi c^ cymecTByromHirb 3Jiowb eciecTBeHHO BH3brBaj[a noTpe6HOCTb 
Bt nerjiacHHX'B co6paHiHXT>. OAHy w&b TaKHXi roTOBbixi* $opm», 
yHacjiiAOBaHHbix r b orb XVIII Biaa, npeACTaBJwwa iiacoHCKia josh, 
h HHorie Ha-b Aena6pHCTOB , b nponuiH 9Ty uiaojiy, ho CKopo noiyB- 
cTBonaJiH ce6a cjiHmKosrb crfecHeHHHMH ycjiOBHHMH ^opsraMH h saAa- 
qaME Haraero MacoHCTBa ho^th HCKjmqHTejttHO HpaBCTBeHHaro h 6jia- 
r«>TBopHTejbHaro xapaKTepa 8 ). EciecTBeHHO, ito Ha paAy c-b iiacoH- 
ctbom'b jiBinacb MLicjib, saHeceHHaa TaKace vb 3anaAa, ofi'b ycTpoficTBt 

i-aflHIJ XT* ( inmeCTVB Vb HOlHTHieCKHMH BaAa^aMH. M. A. <I>0H'b-BH8HH , b, 

>j Bb jjeKa6p , b Toro *e ro#a TypreHeB 1 * [oTMBHaeT'b bt> flHeBHHicB cboh 
paaroBopt c?» rp. IIotoukhmt. no noBOfly KHHrH rnao: *CeroflHH npn 3aBTpaicB 

COB^TCKOMt rp. IIOTOIIKift rOBOpHJTb MH*B KHHrB GuilOtj XBaJIHJTfe B'b oco6eH- 

mocth oaho Mtcro, rfl*B G. roBopHTi*: n Hapo^bi HM*Bion» ^yBCTBO, BJieKymee 
HTb vrh JiynineMy. Ohh yB*p©HW, ^to Tpe6oBama hxt> cnpaBe^HBti; aToro 
He,AOBOJibBo: ohh aHaiorb, ^to ohh HM'BioT'b npaBO fltJiaTb ciH Tpe6oBaHia. 
'3xoro He ^obojibho. Ohh bh^htb, hto ohh HM'BioT'b h cnjiy nponaBecTH cboh 
TpefioBaniJi m> HcnoJiHeHie. H TaK*B HyBCTBO, cnpaBeflJiHBOCTB, npaBO h CHJia 
coejiHHeHu rmIjctb*. 3to m*cto npe^CTaBjraeTT> ho cobcbm-b TOiHyio nepe^any 
he naiiATb Hat KHHrn Th30 .Du gouvernement de la France depuie la re- 
stauration et du ministere actuel". P. 1820. p. 2G6. SarBMt TypreHeBi 
npo^ojufcaerb: . Tp. HoTonjcifi roBOpHTT>: «^b , b ctopohh cnoparB TenepB 
MejKjty cofiofi: CTapHft cb-btb h hobhh. flojiaKeH'B jih cTapuH ycTynHTB hto- 
HB(5yj|ii HOBOMy? IIpaBHTejibCTBa, KaaceTCH, xoponio c^jiajiH (6bi), ecjiH 6u 
corjiacH^ircb Ha KaKia HH<5yAb ycfynKH. Hapo^u Mnoro 6u BbrarpajiH. Ilpa- 
BHrejibCTna HHHero 6h He noTepajiH. Ho ec^H cin nocji'BAHia 6y^yTi> ch ynop- 
ctbomt* npoTHBHTbCJi, to He npn6jiHatae'rb jih 3to p^mHTejibHyio cxBaTKy, 

p^IDHTeJIbHblH TOJIHOKT***.. 

% ) Cp, o coi^iajibHHX'b BBrjiHAaxT. OeHejioHa KHnry Lichtenberger «Le 
socialisnie au XVIII siecle> . P. 1896, p. 41—43. 

*) ynacTiio #eica<5pHCT0BT> Bb MacoHCKHXT> jioHcaxT* h nocBamy ocoomh 

-0 T iepKT>, 

7* 



100 B. CKMEBCRlfi. 

jnoMflHyBi. o CTpeMjemn neTepfiyprcteoft BoeHHoii MOJioaeaKH Kt H3yqeH lk> 
noaHTHqecKHrB cHCTeBfB, Teopifi h coBpeMeHHHXT> 3ana#Hidx r b espo- 
neficKHXt coSHiift, npoAOJiacaerb: «a sto m 6lwo oaBHBiMi> npeflMeTOirB 
3aHHTift pa8MHoacHBinnxca bt> Espou* TaflHHx^ nojiHTHqecRHX'b 06- 

njeCTBTb, . KOTOpHX'B qjieHH HCKJnoqHTeJbHO nocBflmajiii Ce6a IIOJIHTHR'fc. 

Gmamymu w/bKomopt*x% U3% dmuxrb como&b, cymecTBOBaBinnxTi m 
<PpaHu,iu 11 TepMaHiH, 3aB63eHH 6bum bt> PocciK) h HaBejiH Hanrax'b 
^aSepajiOB'B Ha mhcjib yqpeflBTB TafiHoe noJiHTaqecKoe oSmecTBO y 
HacL cb aijBK) orpaHHiHTb caMOAepacdBie*. Hoa^ TaRHMH BJiiaHiaMu 
h sapoAHJica b'b 1816 roay Cok^t* Cnacema. Mti yKaauBajiH Bunie 
Ha to, qTO bo BpeMH npefihiBaHia JlyHHHa b'b Ilapnai bt> 1816-17 r»r. 
y Hero 6ujih CHomeHia cb KaKHWB-TO TaftHUM'B o6mecTBOArB, noBimH- 
MOMy, cb KapfioHapifiMH. 

8-ro <J>eBpajm 1816 r. Hesaaojro ,11,0 Toro, KaKT, bt> Poccin 6hijn> 
ocHOBaH'B Cok)3 , b Cnacema, hojirobhhk'b 6ap. JipftwYh b'b ceRpeTHOM'B 
^OHeceHia (Ha H'hMeijROM'B a3HKt) $ejib^Mapuiajiy BapoaBO-jje Tojijih 
H3i> Meficcena nncaji'B: «0({>HijepLi b'b npyecRoft KopojieBCRofi rsapAiH 

OTKpHTO TOBOpflTB, qTO HHRaRBXT* KOpOfleE He HySHO H 1T0 COCTOHHie 

MipoBoro npocBtmeHifl A*JiaerB Heo6xo£HMEiMn pecnyfijiiiKH. — FoBoparB, 
qTO b'b Haraefi apMin pacnpocTpaHHJica Taitoft ace ayx'B Meacay o(j)H- 
u;epaMH BcjiwvrBie conpHROCHOBema hx'b ct> TafiHHMH o6mecTBaMH bo 
$paHn,iH, TepMaHin, BapmaBi, HeTep6yprfc h t. #. h qTO no#o6HBia 
xte BBipamenia , ynoTpeCjiaiorB aaase o$ai^epu cbhtbi Baraero ciaTeab- 
cTBa» i ). Uoji^b TafiHBiMH o6mecTBaMH b'b IIeTep6yprh H^nwb, scero 
Bipoamfce, paayirbjrb MacoHCKia jiojrh (eMy, oqeBHjjHO, He 6bijio H3Bt- 

CTHO, 1T0 npaBHTeJIBCTBO O^eHB XOpOHIO 3HaJI0 BCe, qTO B'b HHX'BA'fc- 

jaeTca), TaKTb KaK'B #ajiBine oh^ nepexoAHTB kt> MacoHCTBy, HasfimaerB 
KHBymaro bt> Poccin HSB^cTHaro MacoHa <J>eccjiepa iesyHTOM'B-aKO- 
6HHD,eM , B h c^iHTaeT'B onacHoro MacoHCKyio [iponaraH^y. Ho h^ckojibko 
paHie cymecTBOBaaH bt> PocciH h apyria Tafimja ofimecTBa, KasrB 
3to bhuho H3T» pa3CKa3a. H. H. MypaBbeBa o6i> ocHOBaHHoarB hmt> 
b'b 1811 r. KHomecKOM'B o6mecTBi. H. H. MypaBLeB'B duji'B Torja;a 
KOJOHHOBomaTHM-B h cjiyjKHJTB Ha,n;3HpaTejieM'B b'b neiepGyprcKOM'B 
yqHJiH^t KOJiOHHOBOsaTHX'B. B'B qncjii yqeHHKOB'B aToro yqHjrama 6hun* 
ero AaJii>Hifl poj.cTBeHHHK'B, ApTaMOH'B 3axapoBHqTb MypaBbeBTb, Bnocjii.fli- 
OTBiH qjieHT) DacHaro Taflnaro 06mecTBa. Mojio^ho jhoah qacTO StiBajiH 
BMicrh; k*b hhmt> npHcoe,fliHHHjica roHKep'B CeiieHOBCKaro nojiKa, MaTBM 
HBaHOBH^'B MypaBbeB'B-AnocTOJi'B, no3^H*e qaeHi> Coiosa Cnacema 
h j^pyrnx'B TaflHBix'B oSmecTB'B. H. H. MypaBBeB'B, B036y»AeHHBifi ito- 
HieMTb «06ni;ecTBeHHaro ^oroBopa> Pycco, MeqTajrB HeofixoAHiiocTH 
npeo6pa30BaHia coBpeMeHHaro crpoa h HaKOHeit'B npHiueji'B n mbicjh 
y^ajiHTBca qpe3*B naTB jitrB Ha KaKoft HfiSy^B octpob'b, HacejieHHtift 
jbrhmh, b3stb c*b co6ofi Ha^e»HBix r B TOBapamefi, pacnpodpaHHTB oopa- 



x ) AoHeceHie 6ap. JXn6im& HaneqaTaHo H. M. 3aTBopHHL^KHMT> bi> M PycoK»d 
CTapHH-fe" 1907 roAa >fc?ft 4—5. 



fcqEPKH H31> HCTOPIH M^llil AEKABPHCTOB1.. 

aoBaHie cpeAH «HTeJie8 ocTpoaa h ycipoHTb Tain, pecnyfijHRy. Owb 
cocTaBHjnb .naace saKOHH axofl 6y^ymeft pecny6jiHEH h yroBopajrb cjrfc- 
^.OBaTB sa hhmte> ApiaMOHa MypasbeBa, MaTBia MypaBbeBa- AnocTOia 
h *Byxi> HepoBCKHXi*, JIbBa h BacMia, TaK»e BCTynHBnrax'b B'b yiBJinme 
KOJOHHOBoacaTHX'b (B'b 1817 r. 6wjih npiraflTM HjieHaMH B'b BoeHHoe 
06mecTBo, HJM 06mecTBO o.iaroMbicjiamHX'B, ho CKopo bhimh hst* 
Hero). Buavl yqpes,neHH coSpama h BBOAeHH ycjiOBHHe 3HaKH Am 
ysHaBaHia qjieHOB-b npn BCTpiqi. Ilpeijnojiarajiocb ycTaHOBHTb *a«e 
oco6yio $opiiy (Meatfly npoqiiMnb noacb cb KHBHcaiOMt, a Ha rpy^H 
ABi napajweJibHbifl jibkLh mT> m4ah — aHaK'b paBeHCTBa), ho am ocy- 
mecTBJiema axoro upeAnojEOseHia y qjieHOB'b o6meorBa ho OKasaaocb 
AeHerb. Ha cofipaHiaxi. qaiajiHCb aanHCKH OTHOCHTejibHO ycoBepineH- 
CTBOBama 3aK0H0Bb TQBapnmecTBa, KOiopHe no o6cy«AeHiH yTBep- 
x^ajiHCb bc4mh. Me«fly npoqHMTb nocTaHOBHM, 4to6li Ka»AHii H3i, 
qjieHOB'b ycBOHJTb KaKoe HHfiyAb npo$eccioHajibHoe 8HaHie, a na H. H. 
MypaBbeBa bosjohhjih oGasaHHOCTb ycTpoHTb BOHHCKyro qacTb h Banjo - 
maTb 6yAymia Baa^ima orb Hananema cocfeAefi. ApTaMOHt MypaBbeFi. 
HasHa^eni, 6wrb JiiKapeM'b l ), MaTBifi MypaBbeB'b-AnocTOJTb— ctom- 

P0MT>; BCTyUHBIUiM B'b OfimeCTBO WHKep'b KOHHOfl TBapAiH CeHaBHH'b 

flojijKeH'b fouro saHflTbca ycrpoficTBorb (j)jioTa. ^lepes'b naTb Jtirb 
npeflno.iarajiocb oTnpaBHTbca, no cosiTy CeaaBHHa 2 ) h IlepoBCKaro, 
Ha ocTpoB'b HoKa (HMHtniHifi CaxajiHH'b). Ilpoeirrb a-rorb HHKOMy H8i> 
qjienoBT. He Ka3ajca ahkumt., h Bci oScyacAaM ero Bnojmi cepbesHo: 
ho cocTaBJieHie ycTaBa oSmeeTBa o6ih;hmh cnjiaMH noABarajiocb Mea- 
jeHHO h He nonuo AaJiie Tpex'b HHcaHHbix r b jlhctob'b. Ilpe^nojiarajioci. 
BctMij njeHaM'b cAiaaTb neqaTH ct> H3o6pajKemeM f b 3Bama h peMecia 
Kaa^aro, ho Ha sto TaKffie He XBarajio AeHerb. H. H. MypaBbeB%, 
naAiajica npHBJieqb bt> ofimecTBO Maxanjia Kojronnraa, cBoero 6paTa 
MnxaHJia h cuHa noKofiHaro Mhx. Hhkhthu MypaBbeBa, HnKHTy, 
(BnocjiACTBiH wenu CoR)3a BjiaroAeHCTBia, a HnKHTa MypaBbes^ 
Taitrae Coroaa Gnacenis h CisepHaro TafiHaro OfimecTBa). Kaac^Mii 
npejicxaBJiHJi'b cbohxti KaHAHnaTOBi), h ApiaMOH'b MypaBbeB'b npHBejii. 
OflHasmbi teo.ioHHOBO«aTaro PaBi6ypra, ho oh^ npHflaAJieacajacb y»e Wh 
ApyroMy o6mecTBy h noTOMy He pimajica BCTynHTb B'b o6m;ecTBO 
MypaBbeBa 603^ npeABapuTe.ibHaro coBimama ct> cbohmi* «6paTCTB0M , b». 
^jieHaMH Toro »e o6ntecTBa 6wjih TaK»e o<j)Hijephi: ^ypHOBo, AjreKcaH^pTb 
m.epfiHHHH'b, BajibAeMaHT), JJejuiHrcrayseH'b 11 HtKOTopbie Apyrie. Iltjrb 
3Toro oSmecTBa, codnpaBmaroca y ,3,ypHOBO, Gmia B'b ToqnocTH II. B. 
MypaBbesy Hen^BicTHa, TaKTi KaK*b ohh «TaMHCb orb .npyrnxi* to- 




! ) Bnoc-TfeflCTBiH, naxoAiicb bt> oTnycKy 3a rpaHHijefl, oht> cjiymajii> bt> 
yHHBepcHTeTax'b JieiciuH no Me^HiXHHCKHM'b HayKaMT> h nockmajrB kjihhhkh, 
II. M. roAoeaueei. «/leKa6pHCTH. 86 nopTpeTOBi>, H3,n. M. M. 3eH3HHOBa> M. 
1906 r. CTp. 155. 

2 ) Hhk. flMHTp. CeHflBHHt, cwht> BHixeaAMHpajia CenaBHHa, npHBJieKaaicii 
kt c.Ji'BflCTBiK) o TaflHOMt odmecTB*; npH ocBo6oac^eHin apecTt 6ujrh BMfi- 
HeHi. eMy bt> HaKaaanie. Toe. apx. I B. M 198. 



m 






:\) 



100 B. CBMEBCKlfi. 

napnim-'i! cbom£%». ELoaTOiiy h PairCypry 6uja He Bnojint OTKpbtm 
nfcxh o6n;ecTBa MypaBteBa. OAHa&AH PaiiCyprB Btipaniuii aejiaiiie 
eoeAHEHTb 06a o6mecTBa h nojiarajrB, too «mosho 6yflen> coi\aacoBaTb> 
nx'b bh^li, o iein» roBopnjrb h cbohmt> coqjOHaM'B, ho Tata. KaKi> 
•jtflFE nat hhx'b yfcxajnb bt> Pnry, to cnuTajiH H€o6xoAHMujn r b no^o- 
ay^Tb uTB'frm Ha nocjiaHHpe 6My hhcbmo. OflHaKO, noxopt 1812 r. 
pasci'poujiii Bet npoeKTH aiofi 36JieH0fi MOioaesH, asai-bui* ohh saGu.-ui 

HHXt, 

HJ3KH0 3aMtTHTb, TOO HH KpjaOJTb MjpaBbeBBIX'B, HH 6paTGTB0 

PawGypni He Guih MacoHCEHMH joacaMH: Bt nepBOifB ciriiajiHCb na^t 
yiwe^eniciri* HacoHCTBOiCB 6paTa H. H. MypaBbeBa, AieKeaHflpa Hh- 
KOiaeBBHa, a HMCHa qjieHOB'B 6paTCTBa PaM6ypra Tanae He BCTplmaffirca 

Iff, CQHCEarB 'IieHOBt MaCOHCKHXTb lOJffB *). 

HonHTKa MypaBBeBHX'B 6Bijia Bnojrai a*tckok>; OTHOCHTeabHO 6pai> 
cTBa PaMftypra h ero flpyseft mm He SHaeifB HHKaKHX'B noApo6H0CTefi. 
FjiaBHLiMTj noCyaweHieiTb k'l aajiBH'hflinHM'B nonuTsaM'B ocHcmaTb Tafi- 

HOe ofimeCTBO, nOTpe6HOCTb B'B KOTOpOlfB BbI8HBaJiaCL qfejULATL pflAOMT> 

! i {in mi! mi h BJiiHHi*, no,npo6HO pa3o6paHHHX'B B'B npe.HBijiymHX'B o^ep- 
mTh, nocayatHJTL npeacffeBcero fffcMeijKift CoH)3 , B#o6pofl , fcTejiii (Tugeud- 
Bund), o noa^HififflHTB ace cHomeHiflxt pyccKHxi c?b aananHo-eapo- 
jiQficEHHH aapfioHapiflMH mbi 6jnewb roBopsTB flajriie. 

M. 6. Opnovb wl sanacK* Ha $paHn;y3CK0M'L amirfe j^m n»ne- 
paropa HHKOJiaa orb 29 ,n;eKa6pa 1825 rofla roBopart: <R flyMaro, too 
a nepsufi Bi> Poccin 3a,nyMajn> njiaH-L TaflHaro o6mecrBa, 8to Slijio 
B'B 1814 rojiy, H 6bijtb Bnorai npoHHKHyrBTor.ua cosHaHieM'b Baanaro 
suaiieHifl, KOiopoe Tugend-Bund npio6p*jrB bt» noraTHEi. Ob flpyroti 
("l'opoHU, a i.inoMHHji'B cjiOBa HMnepaTopa AjieKcaH^pa, cKaaaBmaro 
Bt HapHJKt: «BHinraie Bparn pa36HTH Hanaro, eyjueui) cpajKaTbea 
n Bparauii BHyTpeHHHMH». Ct bthmh mbicjhmh a nprfcxajn. Bt PoccIkk 
.S xorfoi'b nepeMtHHTB KapBepy, ocTaBHTB BoeHHyio cjy»6y h nepefiTH 
wv rpa^j^aHcayH), B'B KOTopofi.. rafeflHTCH BHyTpeHHie HanojeoHti-rpa- 

■ -WT0.1H. Bb 3T0M1> CMLICJli fl BCJI'B HepeUHCKy CB rp. MaMOHOBUM'L. 

;I cKfloHHat ero y^acTBOBaTB BTb ocymecTBjieHiH mohx^ HiMtpeHifl, 
Owb OTBt i rajrB mh4, too BHyTpeHHifi BparB CHJiBHte, ^fhwh set BHiira- 
Hie spam, h too ofb OTqanBaeTca B'B yentxt. ThM'B ae Meaie mm 
tooacHJiHCb Tor.ua OTHOCHTeabHo HtKOTopHXi npeAHOJOJKeHifi*. B'B 
(jboom^ no^pofiHOM'B noKasamn Ha pyccKOMTb asHK* Opjioai. TaB&e 
rOBopHTB:^ yBipeHHHft, too TyreH^'B-ByHjn^ 6hjo o^ho flat a^tbjb- 
ntftuiHxi) cpeflCTB'B, ynoTpeSjieHHHX'B ^Jia cnacema DpycciK h Tep- 
uaHiH, no BOBBpamemn B'B Pocciro wb 1814 ro,ny, a B03HaM*pHJCfi 
<'j>^jtaTB TaftHoe o6mecTBO, cocTaBjeHHoe hs'b caMHX'B qecTHHXTi Jtro^efi 



1 Gp, cim^oTCB o$Hii;epoB , i>, npHHa^JieacaBinHn> Kb MacoHCKHiti. j:ottani> 
■ jw&mnTL'h noAnscKy He ynacTBOBaTb bt» hhxi» npn sanpenieBiB MacoHCTBa 
n% 18S2 voaTt xpaHaauflca bt» BoeHHO-yioHoirB ApxeB* h Bane^&T«Htfu£ 
*l\ 0. CoKOJiOBfiKOio, B'B .PyccKoft CTapBH*" 1907 r. HH 6—9. 






04BPKII H8T> HCTOPIH HflBJt AEKABPHCTOITB. 103 

4J* conpoTHBJieHifl iHXOHMCTBy h Apyraira CesnopaflRaM'B, roh cjjhih- 
som laaro o6jLHiaiDTca bo BHyTpeHHeirB ynpaBJiemH PocciH*. Op- 
ioi% Ao6aBjflerB a^tci*, *rro, no corjarnemro cl rp. ^MHTpieBHM'B- 
MaMOHOBLiMT,, ohh «roTOBHjH o6mift MaHl*, ROTOptlft 6ynT0 6m «xo- 
t4m npeAio»HTB Ha yTBepsaeHie* rocyaapa, Ha^tacb, ito offB bosb- 
MerB hx'b ^oa'b cboc horpobht6J[bctbo, nofl,o6HO TOMy, RaRt bto 
tg&iarB Ropojib npyccRifi othocht6jibho TyreHfl'B-EyH.na*. *) 

Ilpeawe ntirb nepe&TH kt» xapaRTepncTHRi rhxi. nojiHTHiecRHX'B 
i o6mecTBeHHuxi> Hfleit, rotopbih BLipa3HJiHCb bt» npoeRrh, Btipaoo- 

TaHH0M*B M. 9. OpJIOBOM'B H rp. M. A. ^MHTpieBHMt-MaMOHOBHM'b, 

a oqirraiD Heo6xoAHMHM , B ocTaHOBHTBca Ha npeamecTByiomei hx'b 

aCH3HH, OTM'fcTHB'B B'B H6fl OC06eHHO TB COfiHTifi, KOTOpHfl MOrJIH HaH- 

oorte chjibho hobjuhtb Ha pasBHTie hxt> MipocosepaaHia. 

M. 0. OpjiOBt, CBiffB reHepajTB-nopyqHRa Ge^;. TpHr. OpjioBa, po- 
J.JHJCH b/b 1 788 r. h orohsm'b o6pa30Bame bt, naHciOHt iesyHTa a66aTa 
Hakojui (r^t 61111 nepBUM'B yqeHHKOM^); TOBapnmaMH ero 6bijh 6y- 
sjmjJt fleRafipncrB C. T. BoiROHCRift h hIjth hsx MHorax-B ceMeit pyc- 
cboI 8HaTH: TojiHipiHH, HapBimRHHH, TarapHHBi, MeHmHROBa, Boh- 

«6HA0p$H H flp. B'B 1801 T., CjAflOBaTOJIBHO 13-TH JT&THHM'B MaJBHH- 

son, oht» 6butb aanncaHt «H)HRepoMi>» B'B KOJJieriio HHoarpaHHBix'B 
ffcn: BtpoHTHo, ero npennoaaraiH roTOBHTB r*b ,pnjiOMaTH<iecROft 
Kapiepi, OOTaRO, yace irb 1805 r. ofb nocTynaerB 9CTaH,n;aprB-]DHRe- 
pwrB we KaBajieprapACRifi noaR'B h, 6jiaro,napa yqacriK) B'B noxoflax'B 
gpoTHBT» $pamjy80B , B B'B 1805 — 7 r.r. a ), 6ticTpo ^*JiaerB BoeHHy® 
capBepy. 

B'B 1810 r. OpiOB'B 6(11% BasHaqenB a#BK)TaHTOM'B wb rhh3K> 
9. M. BoiROHCROMy, saB^HBaBmeMy RBapTHpiieficTepcROK) qacTBio, h 
y&* bi, bto Bpeiifl, no ciOBairB jjeRa6pHCTa BoiROHCRaro, owl «bbj- 
KttearB otjihrhuh AapoBaHia», «npHae»aHie kt> ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHiio 
vb BoeHHofi HayR 1 !*, a ^BBrbcrb cb rhMii B'B spyry neTep6yprcRaro 
o6o(ecTBa npio6pta> ysaaeHie h... cnurs bo naBt h MBicjrameft, h 
rstrcRoft MOio^esH» s ). 

1 ) Boa'te CHJitHoe BJiiaHie Hfewei^Kifi Cok>3T> ,Z(o6poA'^Teji.H OKa3aJiT> apn 
BMpa6oTK-fe ycTaBa Haraero Cowaa Bjiaro^eHCTBia, a noxoMy a h 6y^y tobo- 
pnrb o ero BJiiamH hh«6. Ectb HaB'fecTie, hto eme A. H. Pa^HmeBt, bt> cbo- 
Mit> HepasucKaHHOM'B ao chxt> nopt v IIpoeKT'B rpaac^ancKaro yjioaceHia*, 
■peACTaRaeHHOMt bi» 1802 r. rpa<|y IL B. 3aBa^cKOMy f c^HTaa Heo6xoAH- 
muitb erporifl h HenoAKynHHft kohtpoab HaAi> A*ficTBiaMH cyAOBi> h hhhob- 
jhcovb, npeAJiarajit ynpeAHTb TaflHoe o6mecTBO, KOToparo hjiohbi o6fl3aHBi 
fefiH (5m cji'bahtl aa OTnpaBJiemeMt npaBOcyAin, CTapaTbca HcnpaBJiaTt 
hju npe^ynpeacAaTB HecnpaBe^JiHBHH A*flcTBia h, fb CJIy^a'B HaaotfHocTH 

AOBOAHTB HEJCb AO CB'B < Z^HiA BUCmaPO BpaBHTOJIBCTBa. 

*) Bhjii> b-b cpasteHiaxt npn AycTepjiHii'B, r^* npoaBHJiTb aaMtHaTejib- 
iifio xpa6pocTB, sa ito h npoHSBe^eHt bi> kophgtu, h npn OpHAJian^'B- 

s ) Bi> HanaJi* ii>jui 1812 r. oht> ohjtb Ha3HaH6Hi» $jinrejib-aA'BK)TaHTOMi> 
Mb rocy^apio h ex aBrycTa Toro ae ro^a yHacTBOBajit bo MHornx-B cpawe- 
m*m ct> (^paHi^ysaHH (Meac^y npoHHMi> 11 OKTaCpa npH ManoMt Hpo^.iaBi;^ 



W4 



CEMKBCKlft. 



18 itapxa 1814 r., no uopyqeHiio hmh. AjietccaHApa, Op.iOB'b 3a- 
KjiiosHjn* AoruBopT> o cna*rb HapHaca cok)3HBimt» BoflcKairb. Bt ho- 
ApofiHOMii pa3CKast ero uo'b dTowb coowxiH OTM'bTHMt cjiiAywiHia 
ciOBa; *Mki jibo6hjih ashk^, jiHTepaTypy, n,HBHJiH3aijiH) h MyaecTBa 
ippaHuyaoBt, cb yCtacAeHieMt h BHTyaiasMOMi OTAaBajm hitb bo Bcfcrt 
axux'b oxnoineHLHX'b cnpaBCAJiHByio AaHb ynHBJieHia», ho TyrB »e 
^pjioBii yripeitaerL <J)paHijy30B'b bt> «ckjiohhocth ki> yToniuM'b* '). 

Bo BpeMa npeStiBaHia OpaoBa fit HapHaci 6ujia OAoopeHa <|>paH- 
uy^cKUMi. cenaTOM'B HOBaa KOHCTiiTyijitf, OAHffL H3i> nyHKTOBt koto- 
pofl, uowuEiMOMy, mrim BJiiame Ha OpjioBa h rpa(j)a X MH TpieBa-lfa- 
MOHOBa npn cocTaBjieHiH hxi» nepBaro nojiHXHqecKaro npoeKxa. 

Boi$ff* aaT'bM'b OpjioBy 6lijio AaHO BaatHoe AHEuroMaTH^ecKoe bo- 
pyqeme. 

5-ro aiipkua 1812 r. bt> nexopSyprfc 6hjtb noAnacaHb TpaitTaT r i>, 
no KOTopoMy IIlBei^ifl o6fl3HBajiacb 0Ka3aTb noiiomb AjieKcaHApy I at 

6opi>6t cl HanojeoHOM'B, a pyccKiii HMnepaxopT* flflxmewb 6un 
no6y^HTb /^aHiio (ci> Koxopoio y Pocciii 6lijih xorAa bhojih* mhphbm 
OTHomenini yciynHTb UlBeiuH HopBeriio AoSpoBOJibHO (ecin bo3mokho, 
Harpa»Aenie bl repMaflia), bt> iipothbhom'b ace cayqa* npHHy- 
Auxb &h BTOMy ,3,aHiK) CH.10K). 9xox r b coio3 r b 6mn> cKpbnjieH'B jmqHHBTL 
CBHflanieM'L HiBeACKaro Hac.i'hAHaro npHHija Kapjia-IoaHHa (EepHa- 
AGm) c/b HanepaTopoMb AjieKcaHApoMT> bt> A60, bt> aBrycrt 1812 r. 
R{j AoroBopy ^amn c r b IIlBenjiefl b'l Ku;it (14 >iHBapa 1814 r.) Hop- 
Berifl 6hju ycxynjieHa UlBeipii; HopBeacuu He noacejiajiH ao6pobojibho 
oraacHTbOa Ha 6e3ijepeMOHHoe pacnopaaceflie hxt> poahhoio, rtni 
Soite, ito b*l HopBeaccKOMt HapoA* 6&nra oqeHb ciuibHa HenaBHCTb 
Kb uiBGAaMb, u bo rjiaBi cxpeMamMXca in, aaijioHajibHOfi HesaBHCH- 
mocth HopBeaci^eBi> cTajii) chh?> Hac;iiAHHKa AaTCKaro npecTOJia, XpH- 
Tian^-^ptiAPHX'L, paHie Ha3HaqeHHbift Kb HopBeriio KopojeBCKHifB 
uaaiicTHWu-OM'B h upio6piBmifi o6myro jio6oBb. Bbrjia npoB03rjiaraeHa 
tfeaaBHCHMocTb HopBeria, h 10 anptiia 1814 r. 6hjio co3BaHO co6pa- 
me BuSopnbTxt b^ OiiACBOjibAt a^i^ pinieHin cyAbSbi HopBerin h bm- 
paoofKii eja KOHCTiiTyijiH. 17 Maa BecbMa AeMOKpaTHqecKaa %jui 
Tory Bpeyean HopBenccKaa KOHCTHTyn;ia 6bua npHHHTa HanioHajibHWM'b 
ien-h, n XpHCTiaH'L-<&pHApHx r b H36paHi> 6hjii» sopojieMt Hop- 
seim Kap»-IoaHH r b, HacjiiAHbifi npMHA'b inBeAcaifi, npHfijiHSHJica k% 
rpaHimaNb HopBerin ct apMiefi bt> 30.000 qejiosiKi), utoSh chjloio ao- 



b% KOTopoMii cpa3Kajicji 11 rp. ^MiiTpieBt-MaMOHOB-b). B"L 1813 i\ nepefi^n 
B&b6$ R*b BHA7 HeiipiaTeJia, ohi- 3acTaBHJiT> ero ocTaBHTb ApeBfleHTi H yia- 

4-TfiOUHJli BO HHOrHXt Cpa5KeHiflXT>, BT> TOMT> HHCJI* H BT> 3HaMOHHTOfi *ieTLI- 

poxAHeBHofi fiHTB* npH Jleflni^Hrfe. 

J ) 31 iiEipra ct. CTiuia Toro ace roAa OpjiuBi 6t*jn> nocjiaHt B'b <&0Hfe- 
neojio a-h-h pfiSM'BHa paTH^HKaum TpaKTaTa o6t> OTpeMeHin HanoJieoaa, npn- 
qeirb pa;jcMaTpHBauiHCb Bonpocu o6t> acKopT'B, KOTopuli ^ojiaceH'b ero conpo- 

BOJKA&Tb, Ofifc 06'BaBaeHiH npeKpameHlH BC'BX'b BOeHHMXl ^'BfiCTBifl, o6t> 06BO- 
^O^K^eillH BOBHHO-na'BHHblX'b. 



0*IEPKH H8b MC'fOPIH HflEfi ABftABPBCTOBl. 105 

(JiiTbGH HCfloaHeaia Kajibcaaro AoroBopa, a Amviia a Poocia o64majii 
eny cboh) noiiomb *). 

Ho eorosHHfl ^epataBH pimiiaa c;vkiaTb iionHTay flo6aTbca kcnoi- 
HeHifl Kajbcitaro TpaKTaTa .flanjiOMaTHqecKBM'b nyTeirb. 16 anptjia cr. 
cthjul M. G. OpjiOBt nojyqHJi'b bt> napaatf* HHCTpyKijiH) orb rp. He«- 
ceibpo^e, cat^ys KOTopofi oh* j&jmewb 6u:n> OTnpaBHTbca B'b Jlpmn 
h noTpe6oBaTb orb Kopoaa npaEHTia caifbix'b cypoBbrx* Mip'b npOTHB* 
npHHfl,a XpHCTiaHa bt> cjiyqat ero aaabHtfiinaro HenoBHHOBeuia. C^ 
TaEHMH npaftasaHiaiiH ^aTCRaro Kopojia OpjioB'b aojmeH'b 6hun> no- 
taaTb bt» HopBeriK) kt> npiiHn,y XpucTiaHy, npnqeM'b eiiy npe^nHcu- 
Bajocb imtTb CBH^aHie co Bctata jgiHn,aMH, cToamaMB bo oaB* e* 
yiipaBJeHia. TBepAO 3aaBjiaa o HeH3M*HH0CTH ptmeuia, npnHHTare 
ero rocynapeM'b. OpjiOB'b ^ojiaeHt 6mjtb B'b to »e BpeMa ntflcTBOBaxb 
Ha HopBeaci^eB'b npHMapHTejibHWMH cpeffCTBaMH, rfcifb 6ojrhe, qTo HlBe- 
itffl 6bua ciuoHHa npe,opcTaBHTb HopBeria 3HaqHTeJbHHa bbito,hh. 
Ecjih 6h AaTCKift Kaoimerb He noaceaajTb yoTynaTb Tpe6oBaHiflMi» 
AjieKcaH^pa I, to OpjiOBi. ^ojiaeHt 6um aaaBHTb, hto apMia rpa<j>a 
BeHHarceHa, iio^KptnjeHHaH Kopnycoarb iipyccaaoB'b, 0Ka<Kerb noMom* 
fflBeflCKofi apMiH. Ho aToaiy se Af>Jiy nocjajiH cBonxt ynojmoMoieH- 
EUTb AHrjiia, Hpyccia h ABGTpia. 

Bt» ^ama OpjoBa yot^HiiH, mo npaBUTejibCTBO He npaieifB B»b 

COnpOTHBiieHiH HOpBeSH.eB'b, <IT0 OHO BnOJBt npiTMHpHJIOCb Vh MUCJIbl* 

coeflHHemH HopBeriH co HlBeitfefi h naxoflHrb flaace bto coeaaHe- 
Hie ecTecTBeHHUM r L, Tairb Kara KOHCTHTyqioHHaa HlBeuja iioaserb Aa- 
poBaTb KOHCTHTyitf 10 a HopBeriH (itaaia «e 6HJia Tor^a HeorpaHHqeHHO» 
MOHapxiefi), ho wo flaTCKifi Kopojib ne vb cocTOHHia sacTaBBTb cbo- 
ero njieafaHHHKa XpacriaHa-^pHflpaxa no^HHHTbCH cbohm'b Tpe6oBa- 
Hiaarb. XpacTiaH'b He BnycTHjrb bt> HopBeriio KOMMHCcapoBT> Kopojta, 
cciMaacb Ha to, vto ohi He Moscerb jyfepaTb, htoSh coioaHbia ^ep- 
>icaBH, ^apoBaBTb cBo6oxy BctM'b Hapo^aM-b, He JKeaajiH 6h .naTb ee 
HopBeaci^aMi3. OpioB^ cooCu^hjtb Heccejibpo^e, hto niBenJa oStmaerb 
HopBeria jiH6epajibflyK) kohcthtv^k) a Tpe6yerb, nrotu AaTCKifi w- 
pojib o$$an,iajibHO h nyojaqiio Bocxsaaaji'b ea BuroAHOCTb aaa Hop- 
Beria. 

22 ifoaa 1814 r. OpjioBi OTnpasHJica B'b mBe^CKifi ropo^T* ToTe- 
6oprb BatcT* c^ npe^cTaBBTejieM'b npyccia, a TaMi» ohh coeAHHa- 
.iacb cl npencTaBBTejiHMH wra ^pyraxi corosHbix'b ^epacaBx. He 
3Haa hh asbiKa, hh M'bcTHHX'b o6&i<iaeB'b, OpjiOB^ nparjracaji'b txaTb 
BMtcrli c^ naMTb 6biBmaro pyccKaro reHepajibHaro KOHcyja B'b Hop- 
Beria, BpioHa, 11 30 isoEa ohh 6bijih yae b^ XpacTiaHia. 

^epesi* HtcKOJbKo flHefi hocji* Toro BproH9 cocTaBHA'b Ma OpjOBa 
3anHCKy nocjit.UHHX'b coobrriax'b B'b HopBeria a HacTpoeHin Bb Hefi 
oCmecTBeHHaro MH^Hia, KOTopyro OpaoBTb nepecjiaj'b Heccejibpo^e. Me- 

J j Allen. Histoire deSDanemark, traduit dap res la 7-me edition da- 
noiee. Copenhague, 1879, t. II, 235—242. 



litt B. C E M E B C ii 1 U. 

MRf ffpOlHM'B BpiOHd rOBOpiTB B*B Hefi, 1T0 Ha CeMlfi B*B BfiflCBOJEBA* 

•oopaiocb 115 jenyTaTOB'B, h3*b kotoputb 33 6bmh npeflCTaBHTe- 
jihh pii-uiH^HBirb KopnycoB'B apMin, c^opMHpoBaHHHrB no 60JO>ffleft 
itcTE nail mhjthi^h; TaK'b mete* b^b cocTaB'B efl bxoj];hjih npeHMyme- 

•TBeHHt) dCMeJIBHbie COGCTBeHHHKH, TO H H6 CblJIO OCHOBaHift JMOiaTb 

in jrpaBa rojoca. HpHHi^B XpacTiaH'B, nponaHeca m> cefiirh dHep- 

IHtHyiO pittb H yKaaaBT* Ha HeofixOflHMOCTB COCTaBHTB KOMHTerB 13^ 

^enyraTOBii TeTupen* rjiaBHuxt npoBemtfii CTpaHH #jih BBipafioTma npo- 
ntra K0HCTMryiqH,KOTopMfiji;ojixeH , B6£urB 6bitb npe^cTaBieH'B Ha ojo- 
opeme ceflwa, caM* yixajra b* XpncriaHiK), npejocTaBHB'B eiiy norayio 
♦Booo;i;y A^crBia h cooomHBi Bet cx|)<|>HijiaJiBHBie aKTBi, noaBHBnrieca 
tfh ^asiH h HlBei^iH OTHOCHTeiBHo npHcoeflHHeHifl HopBerin kb IIlBe- 
^ih ho KffjBCKOMy ^oroBopy. KoHCTHTyijia 6bua ojjoSpeaa cefiMOiTB 
[7 Maji. Qua ycTaHOBHJia b*b HopBerin orpaHH^eHHyio HacjrfcflciBeH- 
ijio Monapxiro, h b*b totb ae AeHB XpncTiaH'B 6hjh» npoBosrjianieffB 
lopBaatcsHMi* KopojeirB, a ^epes'B flBa ana offB npnHeoB b*b ceiirfc 
ipfloary g$ tom*b, tto 6yjterB ynpaBJHTb HopBeriefi conacHO saKO- 
«iirB a KOHtiTHTyiUH CTpaHH. 9to co6Brrie BH3Bajio 6ojiBmoft 9HTy- 
ttaairb: ropo^a nociiJiajiH no3^paBHT6JiBHBiH AenyTaijiH h npHHomema 
jee&raMH a aaiypow Ha HyaAH cTpaHBi; AaMbi acepTBOBajra cboh jpa- 

Opjobb HamejTB, ^to XpncTiaH'B AepaenrB ce6a ob CojiBranBTB jo- 
•rofiHCTBOM^ n fijiaropoACTBOirB, He bhoch b*b fltjo hh Majrbftmaro 
*naaro cauojifflCia. Oht> dasBn^B, *rro MoaerB cjioshtb Kopony tojbko 
rt pyKH Hapo.ua, jjjwi *ero HyaHO co3BaTB cefiirB, n ^to oh* He 
■OBHeeTo cBoero Hapoaa. «Owb noKaaaaca hsjib qecTHBiicB ^eaoBi- 

BMfb BTi Ilu.THOM'B CMHOjA 3T0T0 CJIOBa», HHCaiTb OpiOB'B B*B CBOOlTb 

j^ooeceBJif HecceJupoAe: «ciacTie HopBerin cocTaBJtaerB rjiaBHBifi npeA- 
MdTB ero sa6oTjiHBOCTH. Ohx capaBe^JiHBo ayMaei-B, qio noMimajTB 
aiiapiLH bt* CTpafffc*, n ^ajrhe OpjiOBii yKasHBaeTx Ha cTpamHyio He- 
■aniioTi* flopseai^eB'B jtb uiBeAau'B. Ilpn AajiBHtfimnrB CBH^aHiax'B 
»b% rK;\:::i.Ts XpncTiaHy o sejiamH npefld'aBHTejiefi ^paaB'B ^aTB 
HopBerin caMyro HeBaBHCHMyro KOHCTHTyi^iio n aaaBHJi'B, ^to coora- 
bhi% ochobhbih nojoseHifl yHin en cb niBemK) bt» jinSepajiBHOM'B 
Mjxk, npnieMT. BHi^e-KopoJiB ^.ojiaeH'B 6htb npHpoflHBJM'B HopBeameirB. 
B^ p©3yjrBTarb leTKpx'B-qacoBofi 6ecb,HBi OpjiOB'B yfiiAHJica b-b ncKpeH- 
iocth h npjiMorh XpncTiaHa n npoHHKcn K'B neaiy ho^hhicb ysaae- 
lion. Oflrrajto, Tpe6ya nepeifnpifl ^jh coaBaHia cefiMa, XpncTiaH'B 
jdbaiHTe-aBHo OTBeprB npeAJiaraeMoe raz BToro ycjiOBie— c^aqy Han6o- 
jto cniBHKisB KpinocTet mBeflaM'B, corjiamaacB jihuib Ha nepe^aqy 
hxt» Bogc^aMB codshbix'b ^epaaBT*. 06ntift bbiboa'b Opjiosa b*b AQQenrb 
•tb 17 iio-ia totb, iTO «EBpona 6HJia BBe^eHa bi 3a6jiyaweHie otho- 
wreiBHo aroro npnni^a, KaicB h othochtcjibho mhothtb ^pyrnfeb npe^- 

OplOBli tSAUl'B H Bl IIlBeipiD H BHAiUCa CB HaCJltAHUBTB HpHH- 

Kfiitt niHpiifMCHMi, ROTopBifi Hameinb ycaoBia XpncTiaHa HenpieMJieiAiHfl. 



oqhFKH H3b HCTOPIM BflEfi AEKABPHCTOB'b. 107 

•a* npoHSBeJB Ha npwTaBHTeiifl Poccin HefijiaronpiflTHoe BneiaT- 
j*eie. HoBoe CBH^ame ct> XpHCTiaHOM'B He npHBejio k*b corjEanieHiro, 
h QpjoB'B, saixaB'b bt> KoneHraremb, qpesi CTOKroabM'b B03BpaTHJiGJi 
n Pocciio , ). 

Bt» CTOKrojibM'h 16 asrycTa OpjiOB-b co<yraBHJTb o6cTOHTe*bHy» 
saHHCKy o cBoeirb nocojbCTBt wl .nyxt eaaroirpiHTHOMt jjjih HopBe- 

riH. «*lTO KaCaeTCfl KOHOTHTyiUH, — rOBOpHTb OpJIOB'b, — TO npHHirb 
XpHCTiaHT» MOrB npe^JIOSHTB ElBeipH TOJIbKO Ty, KOTOpofi OH* caMT> 

ipflcarHyax...; ho Bee 6uno npe^ocTaBjieHo o6cyayi,eHiK> HaitfoHajib- 
Haro cofipaHifl h, cjrbflOBaTeibHo, Bee Morjio 6utb H3MlraeH0». Haspo- 
thbt>, Tara KaKi» HacjrfcflHbift npHHm» mBeACKifi «B03CTaBajn> spo- 
thb-b rapamifi, to, cjrfcflOBaTejibHO, owb aejiaers aara HopBesijaM'b 
iamb npH3pa^HLifl npaBa, 6e3*B BcaKaro pyqaTejibCTBa, qTofibi HiifeTb 
BOBMoacHocTb o r ro6paTb hxt> no CBoaity npoH3BOJiy». HpHBHaBaa, wh 
BHjiy KaTeropHqecKaro 3aHBjreHia hmh. AaeKcaHflpa oraocHTeibH* 
ipHCoe^HHenifl HopseriH K'b HlBeiuH, Heo6xoAHMOCTb TBep^oft iiojih- 
thkh, OpjiOBt npe^ocTeperajTL npoTHBii qecTo.oo6HBbix , b 3aiibicjiOB r b 
EnBen,iH, aoxoflamHX'b ao MeqTaHifi o pasfllurk ^amn h HanoMHHajrb. 
we HopBeria HtKor^a 6ur& oqenb nojieaHa Poccin, Haiiaaaa hu 
IIlBeiuH), Kor^a B03ropaiiaci> hjih ^ase npeflCTOfljia sofiHa uemy 
IHBeitfeit h Poccieio *). 

26 iiojui 1814 roja H^ajacs BO&Ha Mea^y HlBeitfefi h HopBe- 
rietf , ho npoAOJraajiacb He^oiro cl nepejrtHHbiM'b ciacTieirb. 14 aBry- 
cfA B'b Mocct 6hm sasaroqeHbi nepeiinpie h m> totl ace aeHb #o- 
poBopt, no KOTopoiiy Hacjit^Hbift npHHi^b mBeflCKift Kapjrb IoaHHi* 
%vb HiceHH mBOACKaro Kopoaa npH3Haxb HopseaccKyio KOHCTHTyijiro cb 
rfeirb, tto B'b Heft Morjfi 6uTb npoHSBeAeHN, cb coraacifl HopBeac- 
c&aro dopTHHra, tojibko rfc H3MtHeHia, sam Bbi3biBajutcb ymeso oi> 
niBeipei). XpacTiaH'b-^pHflpHX'b o6asajicH OTpeqbca orb kopohh wb 
sac&A&HiH CTopTHHra, co6paHHaro cb 9tok> utjibio. 10 OKTaopn ohi> 
ntJLO&ESUirb 8T0, BpyqHBi, BJiacTb CTopTHHry h B'b Torb ace 
*e» noKHHyji'b HopBeriio s ). Bcjrbn,cTBie wAbRMmux-h neperoBo- 



x ) KaKT» BHAHO, OHT» ta^HJIt H B'b JIOHAOETB, TaKt KaKl> B'b KOJIJldKU^H 

mceM'b OpjiOBa H3T> AHrjiin kt> nwnno PaayMOBCKOMy 1815 r. ecTb doitb- 
neeHoe: JIoHflOH-b 1-ro ceHTa6pa 1814 r. ct. o6pameHieMT> kt> tpa&y: Ah^ji. 
Kap. PasyMOBCRifi 6bun> noac&soBaH'b bi> KHA3bH bt> Ma* 1815 r. Bacajif.- 

HHKOBl). .CeMeflCTBO Pa3yM0BCKHX'b* IV, 567. 

f ) IIpHHomy HCKpeHHioio npHSHaTeoibHOCTb A^JionpoHSBOAHTejiio TjiaBBai o 
HeTep6yprcKaro ApxnBa MnHHCTepCTBa HHOCTpaHHUXT* fl'BJi'b, V. B. Biome, 
co4>6m,HBmeMy mh-b, hto ^OHeceHifl OpjiOBa h3t> j^aHiH, HopBerin h IIlBeD,iH Ha 
^paHn.yacKOM'b aauurB, xpaHjmjmcn bt> neTep6yprcKOin> ApxHB'B MaHHCTepcrua 
HaocTpaHHUxt ,11,*^^^ yace 6ujih HSBJieneHbi HopBeaccKHifb y^eHbiMi Hhjjbco- 
hoitb, hto /jajio mh* BOSMOSHOCTb OTbicKaTb i'xi> B'b ne^aTH. Cm. Aktsstykkei 
redkommende Stormagternes Mission til Kjobenhavn og Christiania i Aaret 
1814, cTp. 69, 169—246 bt> HBAaHiH Skrifter udgivne af Videnskabsselskal>et i 
«uri«tiania 1897, II, Historisk-filosofisk Klasse. Knstiania, 1897, Js£ 3. 

•) Otm-bthm*, ^to, CA^JiaBDiHCb B'b 1839 r. ^aTCKHM*b KopoaeM-b ho/it> 



JW B. G E H E B C U H. 

pom. ciopTHHra ct> inBeACKHMH ynojiHOMoqeHHbiMH, HopBeria 6ujia 
o6T,flRjtifia roe^HHeHHoro ot HlBeijiefl, Kawb He3aBHCHMoe aopo- 

JeBnTBO, CtlujaHH 6blJIH HtKOTOpHJI H8MtHeHifl BT> KOHCTHTyiflH, M 

4-ro Honfipi! 1814 roaa Kapxb XDI, Kopo;ib iiiBeACKifi, Oburb H36paHT> 

HOpBdEC&HlTL KOpO.ieMTb *). 

Bl «BicTHHK4 KBpoiibi* 1816 r. 2 ), KaKTb a y»e ynoMHHajn>, 
Oma noMimt v Ha nepoBOflHaa cTaTba o HopBeaccaoft KOHCTHTyijie, bt> 

ItUTOpofl &MJK] CKa3aH0, HTO OTOTb 1KT1> MOHCerB yAHBJieHHHM'B ne- 

JHTHttaMi. i^iyaHTB 3a flOKasaTejbCTBO, ^o Kattofl bhcokoS cTeneHM 
si, HayKis aa£OHOAaTejibCTBa aohijih eBpoiieficiiie HapoAbi. nocpea.- 
♦■TBOMt cero aKTa HopBeria, npera#e ctojib Majio 3Haqymaa, aaHij- 
Maen, ueacjiy rocy^apcTBaMH wbcTO, ct KOToparo jiHqno Hoacerb 
yfrpeMHThca kt> BHaiieHHTOii utra*. CucTPMa Bu6opa qaeHOBt CTop- 
THHni fiH.ui ABycTeneHHaa, a aarhirb ohh HsfiHpajH ii3T> CBoeft cpe^N 
qeTBepxyio qacn> q.icHOB'L a-ih o6pa30BaHia nepBofi najiaTLi (larTHHri), 
a ucvrajibnue TpH qPTBepm cocTaBjnjJiH BTopyK), HHarayio naaaTy 

H. TypreneBt coo6maexb, co cjiobt> OpjioBa, q*ro, npnebiB'b bt> 
HopBtriitJ, ofi f b jrBiutiJTb, qTO «a*jio HopBeacn,eB r b, B03CTaBmHx , b npo- 
TRB'b u i'.\i ► jHHema hxt* OTeqecTBa Kb HlBeijiH, cnpaBeflJLHBO h 
joctmRho jBR^fceHiji, h cooopa30Bajn> c/b 3THMT, cBoe noBe^eHie. BlffcCTO 
iioaa^P^hh BepHaflorL Bcxpt>THJi , b bt> im(b upeACTaBHTeM PocciH 
npoTHBHHica, npeAyotHCAeHHaro npoTHB'b ero npHTA3aHiit, h 3amHT- 
Baita #amiT. Bnpoqean,, npoAoamaerb TypreHes'b, cho oahht> OpjOBb 
fiaxajuurb a1ijo HopBe«ueB r b cnpaBeAJHBbiM'b. ^ase Ti, KOTopue npH- 
HHHajin yqacvie bt> oTtfaq-fc HopBeria IIlBeitfH, He moivih He ocyAHTb 
&roro- fl uomhfo, icaKii npn mh* npyccKifl KaHn;jiep r b, kh. FapfleH- 
tieprb, o^oGpoTb B03CTaHie HopBeKH.eB'b, h 6jiaropo,HHbifl eaoBa ero 
no aToay iiuEOAy... Bt> kohuIj kohe^obt* nopBejKn,H CyMtjIH H3BJieqb 
uijb oetfja tfft*b?y hbt* npoHcmeAinefi nepeMiHu* 4 ). 

Mm bhjt&iih, qTO OpjiOB-b h bo $paHn,y3CKoii sanncsft wa 
hmh, HHKOJtaa, h bt> pyccKOMT* oSraHpHoifb noicaaaHiH KaTeropHqecKH 
roBoparb, qTO oht> B03BpaTHJca btj Poociio bi, 1814 ro,n,y 5 ). Haxo- 

Hiieafcsi'bXpiicriaHa Vill, oht> xojibKO uepojatT> caMOio ciiepTbio (bt> 1848 r.) co- 
r.fiacHJiea \1A Bue^eHie KOHCTHTyniu bt> flaniH, ho yMepi> #0 oCrLflBJieHia ©a. 

M Alle n. Histoire de Dannemark II, 242—243. 

*\ M. B^ CTp. 284—295. 

3 ) t|>paHuy.iCKifi uepeBo^'b HopBeaccKoft KOHCTHTyuJH cm. Dufau, Du- 
v r ei trier at Guadet. Collection des constitutions, P. 1822, III, 322—342. 

4 ) La Rus.sie et les Russes, I, 44 — 45. HKyinKUHT> bt> cbohxtb aanflCKaxi. 
oancunaerb y i tacTie OpjioBa bt> ptinemn cyAbou HopBcrin: .Op.noB'b 6tun. 
noeJiaat ci> t'Sm'b, hto6m y6^AHTB HopBeHcueBi> coBepmoiiuo iipncoe#HHHTi>cj> 

K1 UllUiUil! H (IM-BTb CL HCK) BM^CT'B OAHHT> CeflMt. Ho OpJIOBT> c6jlH3HJICW 

ct TaKomtinuM jintfepajiaMH h ^•BflcTBOBaji'b Hecor^acHo ch .AamibiMH eny 
np^DHcaHiHMii. HopBeria, npiicoeAHHeHHaa kt> IIlBemH, ho hm-bh CBoe co6- 

CTBeHHOC IIpe/li:TaBHTeJlbCTBO, OCTaJIUCb BO MHOrilXT> OTHOUieBWXT> 3QHJIQV) on> 
WX eTVTBJlbHOID". 

*) OCpamato Ha 3to BiiH.uaHie noTowy, hto Bbiuie bt> Moefi CTaTb* ( w Pyc- 



OHEPKH H8t MCTOPIH HflEfi tfEKABPHCTOB'b. 10* 

m^esie Opjiosa bi> neiepdyprh B'b Komjb 1814 r. noATBeprajjaeTca a 

lTHCBMOMt ero KT> nOCJiaHHHKy BT> PoCCiH Cap^HHCKarO KOpOJIfl, JIH- 

weHHaro ero BJiafliHia, HSBtcTHOMy HHcaTejiH) rpa(j>y fle-Maorpy. 
IlHCbMO 8to ^pe3BBiqafiHO jiiofionuTHO jpa Hacb noTOMy, mo noita- 
SHBaeTt, HacKOJiBTto He ycTaHOBHJiHCb eme Bt bto BpeMa nojiHTHqe- 
ene Bsrjiaflbi OpjiOBa, HacKOJibKO fla.ieKH ohh 6hjih aaace a on> tqiv 
HeiiocTaTO^HO nocjrfcflOBaTejibHaro Jia6epajiH8Ma, KOTopuarb oht» otjih- 
qaaca BnocjrfcflCTBin. Moapo 6bijio 6h 0JKH#aTb, hto npacyrcTBya b»> 
*paHn;iH npa KpymeHiH BiiacTH HanojieoHa h ycraaoBJieHiH kohcth- 
Tyi^iOHHofl MOHapxin Byp6oHOBT>, a 3aT*M , b noctTHBt HopBeriK), ro- 
TOByio cb opyariearb bt> pyKaxT> samamaTb npaHaryK) cTopTHHroM'b 
KOHCTHTyijiK), ropas^o 6oji-bQ ^eMOKpaTHqecKyro, qin/b Ta, KOTopaa 
oujia ojioopeHa $panijy3CKHM'b ceuaTOM-b (J anpta 1814 r., OpjiOB'b 
npoHHRHexca BnoJiHt JiiiQepajibHBiMH BossptHiaMii. 3ioro, OAHauo, He 
cjiy^HJiocb, KaK'b mh yBH^HM'b HH»e H3^ pa36opa Toro npoeKTa npe- 
o6pa30BaHia, KOToptift ohi> jBbipaGoTajrb BwbcA crb rp. ^MHTpieBbiarb- 
MaMOHOBHM'L; 9to moecho 3aKJUoqaTb h H3^ ynoMaHyiaro nacbMa 

.Te-M9CTpa. HO #JIH HCTOpHKa BaHHbl H HHTepeCHH He TOJbKO KO- 

He^Hue BbiBOfli/, Kb KOTopMM'b npHiium Bb^aiomieca qjieHU Taitaaro 
o6mecTBa, HecTejib, H. MypaBbeB'b h ap., ho h nocreneHHaa, Meji,- 

JIOHHail 8B0JIK)n,iiI Hflefi fleKaOpHCTOB'b Boofinje. 

OpjioBy, BpamaBmeMyca B'b HeTep6yprfc B'b apHCTOKpaTH^ecKHX* 
cwoHaxT>, BoenHTaHHHKy naHcioHa a66aTa-ie3yHTa Hhkojlh, ho Tpy^HO, 

6llI0, K0H61H0, n03HaK0MHTbCH CTb HBB'tCTHHM'L 3aB^HTHHK0M^ iesyH- 

TOBt h Taicae hxt> yqenaKOM'b rpa$OMT» Ioch^omt* .ne-MacTpoM'b. 
YMHLifi, jiobkUI, qpe3BU ( iaMH0 HaqaTaHHtift h JiK)6e3HRfi, rpa$*B 
je-MacTp'b cyM'fca'b cfliiiaTbca joo6aMbJM , b rocreM'b caMuxi* OHaTHLiXTb 
neTepfiyprcKHX'b jjomob'b. He flOBOJibCTByacb cjiaBOio ocTpoyMHaro co- 
fieci^HHKa, oht. cyMi.i'b 0Ka3HBaTb Bjiiame bt> caMOM^ peaKn,ioHHOM r b 
Xjxb h Ha HiKOTopiifl BHyipeHHia ^tjia Poccia, Tairb KaK'b npe^ 
HHMt 6jraroroB , feji r b MHHHCTp'b Hapo^Haro npocBtra,eHiH rp. AjieKctfi 
Khphjui. PaayHOBCKifi, OTuacTH bjuhjiI) oht> h Ha ero npecMHHKa khhsa 
A. H. TojiHUbiHa; .ne-MacTpy cjyqajiocb pa6oTaTb ji$fte c r b caMHBfb 
hmh. AjieKcaHApoM-b *). 

Bx 1814 ro^y 6e3x corjacia fle-Macipa 6hjio nepeneqaTaHO b* 
UapHSc^ ero coqHHeme « Considerations sur la Frances, H3,naHHoe 
BnepBue bt> Jloaanflt B'b 1796 r. 6e3T> hmohh aBTopa, ho nepenena- 



exoe BoraTCTBO" 1907 r. JsS 10, CTp. 48) 6lijio ynoidaHyTO o B03BpamemH 
OpjiOBa hocji* OTeHecTBeHHofl boAhh b'b IIeTep6ypr , B bt> Hoa6p , B 1816 r.; 
bto 6ujio yace BTopmHoe noca* nea BOBBpameHie, nepBoe we othochtca kt. 
1814 r. 

J ) IlaTB BBceH'b rpa$a Ae MacTpa Kt AneKCBio K. PaayMOBCKOMy o Ha- 
po4HOMi> o6pa30BaHin h iesynTax-b cm. B'b KHHr* A. A. BacHJitiHKOBa 
w C©MeficTBO PaayMOBCKHX-b** II, 248—287, cp. 532—634. flpyrofl TpyA"b, naiiH- 
caHHMft Re MacTpowb una PaayMOBCKaro, Ha^aHT. bt> 1859 r. bt» IIapH»t 
doat> 3arjiaBieMi>: w Quatre Chapitres inedits sur la Russie" (cBo6oAa, HayKa, 

pWlflia, HJT^IOMHHaTCTBO). 



I 10 B. CEMEBCKlfi. 

■ ■ ihc ueHcapaBHo co MHornMH npnSaBRaiiH h coRpameflifliiH. B'b t# 
BpeMff, Ror,a;a npoHSBOflHJiacb 9?a nepeneqaTRa, ae-M9CTp , b noejai* 
Dpiony cBofi Tpy^ii bi> nepBOHaiaibHoirt BH#fc, pqeBH^HO He 
tojbeo n&a Toro, qTo6u no8HaROMHTb ero cb cymHOCTbio cbohx* 
wjeft, ho h flJHi Toro, ^to6h noxBacTaTt cBoeio npoHHijaTeib 
:: .r-:'r.m. TaK'B Kara bt* 8T0mt> coqHHemH, saflBjfifl, qTO (JpaHi^yacaaH 
peBo.iK>n,ia ho qTO HHoe, RaRT> naKaaame, nocjaHHoe Eoroirb, oh'b bt> 
to 3Ke BpeMs yTBepHflajn., qTO HpoBHfffcHie pa6oTaerb Ha noiL3y 
Byp6oHOBTb, h qTO ohh HenpeirtHHO BHOBb safiMyrb $pamiy3CRifi 

IipCCTOJTL. 

OpjiOB'b Bi) nHCbM* #e-MacTpy, npH B03BpameHiH ero Tpyja, 
yTBepac^aerB, qTO bto coqnHeme — OflHa HB'b Ttab aRciOM-b, kotophh 
He z* k a tbiBarorb, TaR*b RaRX oh* He HyacAaDTca at flORaaaTeibCTBi,, 
ho kotophh qyBCTByioTCH caMH co6oio, ho*o6ho TOMy, KaR'b «ayma 
HeonpofiepacHMO qyBCTByerb* cymecTBOBaHie Bora; «TaR0Bti ate h 
uejuttria HCTHHbr, KOTopHMH HanojiHeHT. TpyA*b» Ae-M3CTpa. ^eiOBiiti. 
noHvPTb tojibko npeAiiojiaraTb, bo xoat* coSuTifi noBHHyeTCfl iamb 
pyids Tsopija. «9noxa $paHuy3CRoft peBOJion.iH— BeJiHRaa 9uoxa: bto 
BOJipMGT't 3p4jiocth h pasyara. KoHen.'b ea Taoce Becbira aocTonpH- 
M^aTeieH'b: bt> H6mte> BHflHa pyKa Boacia, — 9to B'hK'b Bipti. Cjfyt- 
cTBieMt aTofi rpoMa^Hofi EaTacTpo^ti aBJiaeTca B03BBimeHHijfi ypoK^ 
aapojxaM'b h KopojiaM'b. 9to npHirkp-b, aaHHwft fljia toto, qTo6u eMy 
He notfpaacaTb. 3to oaho h3t> rfcx-L BejiHKHX'b CiflCTBiii, rotophmh 
6hjtb noparceH'b po^ qejiOB^qecKift; oho aBJiaeTca oii'fe.ucTBieM'b Rpa- 
cffoptiriBoS rjiaBH* khhth ae-MacTpa, «TpaRTyiomefi HacHibCTBeH- 
homtj pa3pymeHiH qejroBtqecKaro poaa. O^a 3Ta rciaBa— i$jfcifi 
Tpy.a>; oaa flocToima nepa BoccioaTa* *). «IIpopoqecRaH qacTb Tpyja 
iienH xaitace nopasnjia, — npoflOJiacaerb OpiOB'b.^-Borb qTO 3HaqH*n> 
yMD3pnTejibHoe H3yqeme Bt ayxi BoacieM'b: to, qTO w pasyiia 
jrB.iHeTCH HeHCHHM'b cjrfeflCTBieBfL, CTaHOBHTca OTKpoBemeM'b. Bee no- 
Hraaexcfl, Bee OTra^HBaeTca, Ror,n;a Bocxoaarb k^ BejHKofi npn- 
qHHi». ^ajite OpjiOB'L HasHBaerb Tpy^x .ne-MacTpa KJiaccHqecRHM'b 
110 ero raySoKHM'b H^eaM'b, ho bx to ace BpeMa HMiron^HM'b HHTepecb 
^oBpeMenHOCTH, oco6eHHo Ta rjaBa, bt^ KOTopoft roBopHTCa c^eKJia- 
ptLn,iiT icopojia $paHn,iH» BTb 1795 rofly. B'B btoS rjiaBi aBTop'b 
nacTariBaerb Ha BejiHKOM'b sHaqemn HacJii^CTBeHHOfi MOHapxia h 

BGCXBa-IfleT'b JIlO^OBHKa XVIII, HO BT> TO 3Ce BpeMJi HtKOTOpMH M*CTa 

5eoapaii;iH RopojH MoriH noKa3aTbca OpiOBy HMliioniiHMH 6oJibmo« 
^Haqeaie h bi> BH^y Ha3piBaiomHX'b noTpeoHOCTefi Poccin, Raicb Ha- 
npiiMtpt, totb nyHKrb ea, Tjvk Kopojib tobophtb: «KoHCTHTynJa 
irpejiniicwBaerb ycJOBia ycTaHOBaeHia HajioroB'b, qTofiH ^ocTaBHTb 
irapo^y yBtpeHHOCTb, qio noflaTH, kotopblh ohtb njiaTHTB, neo6xo- 



*) Bt 3T0fl (TpeTtefi) rjiaB* #e MacTp^ ^oKasHBaeTb He tojibko h«hs- 
^liJEH0CTii T ho flaace noJie3HocTi» bohht>: ho ero cjiOBaMi, ,KpoBb— yjjoGpeHie 
j^jis Toro pacTeHia, icoTopoe Ha3MBaiDrb reHieMi> w . 




1 ) Bott> KaKt xapaicTepB3yeTi> hsbbcthhh ^paHnjacKifl HCTopHKt Copeju. 
3Ty BepoHCKyio fleKJiapanji) 1796 r.: „OTBepraa BCflKyro mhcjib o aoroBop* 

CTb HapOAOMT*, rpa$T> IIpOBaHCKifi (JIlOflOBHKl XVIII) HaXO^HJIt Hej'BHCTBH- 

Tejn»HO», fla«e rpaaeflaHCKyK) petj>opMy, aapoBairayio peBOJUonjefi. Oh*l npea- 
aaraJi* $>pahiuh bt> flap*, no cjnynaro paflocTHaro BocmecTBia Ha npec*ro4rc> 

H nOCJTB TOrO KaKTb OHO COCTOHTCH BO BCeft nOJIHOT* BepXOBHOH KOpOJieBCKOfi 

RaacTH, tojibko ycTpaHeHie HtKOTopuxt 3JioynoTpe6jieHift h nojioaceHie vh 

CKHHiK) KOpOHU UpeCJIOByTMXT> OCHOBHHXt 3aKOHOBl», OTLICKHBaeMHXt H3AaBBm 
BOpHCKOHCyJIbTaMH, T6KCTa KOTOpMX* HHKTO HHKOr^a He BH.ZJ'BJI'B, AJ^T> KOTO- 

puxi* HCTOJiKOBHBaJicjj icasK^uM'B no CBOOMy. 9th TO HeyjIOBHMMe 3aKOHU 
OKpemeHU 6ujih rpoMKHMt HMeneM-i apeBneft kohcthtviuh KopoJieBCTsa, B*> 

3T0H KOHCTHTyOJH HlfBJiaCb TOJIbKO OflHa CTaTWI, a HMeHHO BepXOBHOH Bxa- 

cth kopojih, h npeACTaBJiujiacB tojibko o^Ha rapaHTia: w nojiHTHHecKaa *o- 
faecTb MOHapxa h hckvcctbo ero mhhhctpobi>*. „EBpona h <{>paHn;y3CKaH pe- 
bojuohui*. Cn6. 1892 r. IV, 311—312. 

2 ) Oeuvres de M. le comte de Maistre, 1822, t I, p. V— VIII; hhclm* 
nonnHcaHo bt> ne^aTH Taici: „M. 0..., general au service de S. M. l'Empereur 
de toutes les Russiea'; o tomi, hto oko npHHanJie*Hn> OpjioBy cm. Bulletin 
du Bibliophile de Techener, 1854, p. 915; Bibliophile Beige, 1855, t. II, 15*, 
de MacTp-B h ero npe6LiBamH bt» Poccin cm. Cogordan Joseph de Mai- 
stre. P. 1894. 

3 ) Ectb H3BBCTie o BocnHTaHiH ero bt> ieayHTCKOMt ynHJiHinli bo <&pan- 

UiH, HO OHO MaJIO BlipOtfTHO. 



ttJ 



"HEPKM H.TT> MCTnriH HJBM AAttABPHCTOBb. 

jhmh am 6jiara rocyaapcTBa*. Ho 8Ta CTapaa <j>paHuyacKafl «■•■■ ^ 

0THTyr4a», no BHpaateHijo Kopoia, cTanHia aaKOHH «no#B oxpaaj ^ 

KopojiH h Tpert cocjobM, *ito6h npeaynpejiHTB peBOJioipio — Ben- ', ;| 

^aftinee mb 64flCTBift\ KaRHMT* MoryrB noflBeprffyTBca HapoftH* *). B% ^'1 

3aKjroqeHie OpjiOBt Bupaacaix acejame, *rro6Bi je-MacTp'B onnca» f ^|i 

co6wTia, nocji^OBaBmifl 3a H3flaHieM , B ero coiHHemK bt> 1796 ro*y. ^ 

Bt co6paHiH coiHHeHift ^e-MacTpa, BBime^nreMx wb CBtrt nocjrfc ; f| 
■ero cnepTH, ero BjjOBa paspiraHja HaneiaTaTb nepeat «Les Cansi 

derations sur la France* hhcbmo OpjOBa 2 ). ^ 

Mh npHBejin Btinie noKasame OpjiOBa o npeAnojoffieniflxi, oth©- 

CHTeJbHO BHyTpPHHHXT. npeo6pa30BaHifi, BHpa60TaHHHX1» hmi BMicrk 

cb rpa^OMt JiMHTpieBMM'B-MaMOHOBWM'B, npnqeM'B OpjiOB'B He noscrajr*, 

tto o6m;ecTBy, hmh 3a#yMaHH0My, npe^nojarajiocB npn^aTL MacorfcKifl ^ 

$opMH, Taat KaKx ohh o6a nsyqajH MacoHCTBO. IIo3HaKOMHBraiiafc >| 

cb npeflinecTBOBaBHieD Kapbepoio OpjiOBa, c^HTaeiTB HeofixoffHUHMt * .!•> 

cooSnxHTL CB^irfeHia n o npeAmecTByioiiteft hchshh ^MHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa, . ^ 

OTHOCHTejbHO KOTOpoft MH TaKXe MOmeMTb npHBBCTH HiKOTOpHfl He- v^; 

BHfl ^aHHHfl. i^ 

Tp. MaTBifi AjeKcaHnpoBHq'L ^MHTpieB-L-MaMOHOBt, cant $aBO- . -^ 

pHTa nifff. EKaTepHHia II, A. M. ^MHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa, pofloca b% /■•;;' 

1790 r. h nojiy^H^'b xopomee ^oManinee BoennTame 8 ), ho yHacjii- 
AOBajit orb oma ero Hpe3BU^afiH0 ropAufi xapasTepx. Eacy 6ujm 
Bcero 18 ji^tb, Ronja, npoH3Be^;eHHHfi bt» itaMep^-iOHKepN, oh^ 6hji% 
HaBHaqeHt cob*thhkom»l MOCKOBcaaro ry6epHCKaro npaBjema, a 
BCKopt sarhMi 6hjit> cxbjia,wb oSepx-npoKypopoMt mecToro yroioi- 
Haro AenapTaMenra ceHaTa bi> MocKBi, r^i nposBHjrb 6oiLbmis. en©- 



112 B. CBMEBCKlfi. 

rofinocTH, a Taoce carfcjiocTb h HeaaB^HMOCTb npn dOJiKHOBeHiH cb 
rtaBHOKOMaH.nyromHM'B Mockbh, rpa^OM'L ry.uoBHqeM'b, H3x-3a cBoero 
■o^4HHeHHaro, 3ano,no3ptHHaro bt> BLicTaBjeHiw «nacKBHJibiiiJx , b oth- 
xoBTb* Ha 6yjhBapi h 3a bto apecTOBaHHaro. 

^MHTpieB'B-MaMOHOB'b HHTepecoBajicfl pyccKOK) HCTopiefl m iteacfty 
ipomhm'l co6npajn> CBi^Hia o nyraqeBmuHi. Bt> 1809 r. oht, ay- 
njurb, no ero c.ioBaMb «Ha skwh 30JOTa», 3anpemeHnyK) h noTOMy 
"TOHb ptuKyio bi» PocciH ramy KacTepn «Vie de Catherine II » 
j 1797) h HanHcaji'B na Hee saMiqaHia, iyvb yaa3biBaerb Ha xaHacecTBO 
i:hit, EjiH3aBeTH, rpa6HTCJii>CTB0 IHyBajOBKLXT,, cooGmaerb, qro 
kh. HHKHTa Tpy6eijKofl, reHepajrb-npouypop'b, saBi^uBaBiniS TafiHoa) 
i;aimejiflpiefi, nojiyqHjrb npH OTdaBat <f)e.ib,nMapinajibCKiJt se'sn, 
«Toma uaifB 0H"b bck) cbok) acu3Hb oopamajcs cl jKesjioifb najiaqai*, 
iTo cm yMepx «HeHaBHAHMbift h npooHHaeMbifi* jh qro «eMy no- 

CTOflRHO CJIMHiaJIHCb BOnjlH H KpHKH H MepeiUHJIHCb TiHH HeBHHHbLTb 

Jiioj^eit*, pa3CKa3WBaeT , b, aaRT* «aoboju»ho 6e33acrfcHqHB0» OpjiOB'b 
BijnpainHBaJTb ce64 yEaaTepHHH II HacejreHHHaH^tHiE 1 ). OTMiTHirb, 
t ito MaMOHOB'b Ha3MBajrb 3ntcb HancmeoHa «BejiHKHM'b HejroBiaoM'b*. 
MaMOHOB'b npHHfljnb yqaciie bt> OreqecTBeHHofi Boflfit 2 ). Kor#a 
ycipa-HBajiocb MOcaoBCEoe onojiqenie, oht* BusBaica c$opMHpoBaTb Ha 
t>Bofi cqerb KOHHHit nojiK'b 8 ); bt> Maprfe 1813 ro.ua MaMOHOB'b c«b 
•BoaM'b, eme He oaoHqaTejibHO c^opMapoBaHHWM'b uojiaoM'b Haxo- 
jujii 1 :! bt» flpociaBCKofi rySepmn 4 ). 



J ) Cp. moid cTaTfcio „IIo3KajioBaHie HacejieHKuxb HuluiiH bt> uapcTBoaaaie 
IvEaTppHHU II bt> „3KypHaJTB ;jjih Bcfext", 3a 1906 r. 

3 ) 3a OTjureie bt> cpaaceHiax'b npa TapyTHHl* 6 OKTa6pa h MajroflpocJia&n.'ij 
IS okt\h6ph 1812 r. oht> 6biJib Harpa3KAeH*b 30jiotok> ca6jie» a> Ha#nHCbK> 
,3a xpa6poan> a . 

1 ) Kh. II. A. Ba3eMCKifi pa3CKa3biBaerb, 4to no npita^* bi> Mocsny 
HwnepaTopa Ajieiccaimpa bt> 1812 r. MaMOHOB'b , npe40cTaB.ua jit> cboh eace- 
vQRmitL fffixoffb (h jxoxoffh secbMa 3HaqHTeJibHufl) Ha noTpe6HOCTH rocy#ap- 
f^TBa bo see npoflOJiaceHie bohhh; ce6* BwroBapHBajrb OHb tojeiko 10.000 p. 
f;icc.) Ha cBoe ro^OBoe coAepxcame. Bm*cto Toro 6mjio npe^jioaceHo eiiy 
^jpeaTb rp. PacTon^HHa c$opMHpoBaTb Ha cboh cierb icohhuh uojikx - . H. Typ- 
"aBftB'b yTBepjK^aeT'b, 6y^To 6u .HMHTpieBi^-MaMOHOBb npe^Jiarajn, ^aace ro- 
^rj^apio H'BCKOJibKO MnjuiioHOBT* py6jieH, 6pHJijiiaHTH Ha HeMeHbmyio cyMiiy 
h bcr cBne He^BnacHMoe HMymecTBO. Tlo flpyraMb cjiyxawb TOTKa coB'&TOBaxa 
MaiionoBy noacepTBOBaTb MHJiJiioH'b h ^axce 60^0, ho He c^opMnpoBLiBaTb 
noJJKa, TaKi> Kairb ero BocnHTHBajin, mto6u 6uTh He BoeHaHajibHHKOM'b, a n«- 

■ H€TpOMl>. 

4 ) 12 MapTa 1813 ro^a AaeKcaHjip'b I yKa30M"b, ^aHHUMb ynpaBJiaiomeiiy 
boghhhm'b MHHHCTepcTBOMi>, Bb Harpa^y 3a .ycepflie h noacepTBOBaHie He- 
MajioBaacHofi cyMMH Ha noKynicy Jioma^efi, Benxeft h co^ep^aHie noaKa u 
MpoHaoeji'b ,Z],MHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa bte> reHepajn>-MaiopH h HasHa'iHJib me^oirb 
$opMnpyeMaro nojiKa, npn ^eMi> eMy Ghjio npe^ocTaBJieHO yKOMnjieKTOBaTb 

• ro CBOHMH Kp-BHOCTHblMH H HaBep60BaHHMMH JlIOflbMH, flJI« Hero HOJIKTb flOH- 

mea'b 6bijn> npocji'BflOBaTb lepesi* MocKBy, hto6u CKop*e o6MyH4HpoBan» 
ero H3b 3aroTOBJieHHHx , b MaMOHOBHM*b semen (opyacieM'b ace ROJiwiQWb 612x1 
euafijiHTb ero KOMMHecapiaT'b). npo^OBOJibCTBie nojuca h ssajioBaHie co BpeiieHH 
jKasti, rocy^apa ^ojikho 6buio npnHHTb Ha cierb Ka3HH. AMHTpieBy-MaMO- 



01EPKH H31> UCTOPIH H^Efi AEKABPHCTOBb. 113 

9 anptjwi 0H r b AOHecv qTo He 8110171111.11, eme BCjriuicTBie pa3jra- 
Tia ptKb. BMtcit ct rb\ni oht> acaaoBajicfl Ha to, qro AaHHJiOBCKifi 
seMCKifi cyAi> Ha npocb6ti ero oTpaAurb qunoBUHKa flja noMoma bt> 
saKyntrifc (fypasa OTKasajica orb 3Toro h «tJjm^ jiBim hobhS onirrb 
rtx'b 6e3qncjieBHbix'b 6e3nopflAKOBT>, KOTopux-b* MaMOHOB*b «ho- 

•AHOKpaTHO JJOHOCHJTb» ynpaBJIBIOmeMy BOeHHblWb MHHHCTepCTHOM'b fl 

Aaace caidOMy rocyAapio 1). 

Btb ceHTtffip-b 1813 r., no noBejrfiHiK) rocyaapa, Ka3aqiB nojiK*b 
JI,MHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa fiburb HanpaBjeH'b b^ MornjieBCKyK) ryfiepHiro, 
ta* h flojiaceHb 6burb pacnojojKHTbCH. Bt> 1814 r. oht* 6ujn» yace 3a- 
rpaHHneBO *). Bt> anpt.it bt» MtcTeqidj BiuuiHHreirb BejiHKaro rep- 
itercTBa EaAeHCKaro npon3ouuo arojiKHOBeHie nojiaa MaMOHOBa ci 

WrfcCTHLIMH HCHTeJLHltH H KBapTHpOBaBIDHMl, TaM* aBCTpifiCKHMT, OTpH- 
*OMT> *). 

HOBy 6wjio npe^nHcaHO cjrfeAOBaTb bt> MocKBy u sixtiHTbca Kairb mohcho cko 
pt© npHBe^enieMi> nojiKa bi> OKOHHaTejibHufi bhat>; oh-b ^mopb BepGoBaTb 
TOJibKo jnoAeft .CBo6o^Haro cocTOflHia" h He hm-bk)[u,hxt> HHKaKHXT> 3aK0HHbixi> 
HpenflTCTBifi ko BCTynjieHiio Ha cjiyw6y, a Tanace He CTapuxi h ne yB'SHHuxt 
h aaKJiioHaTb ct> hhmh .KaniiTyjifluJH* Ha 5—10 jTBTb ci» o6*mauieMi> Bbl- 
poai>, npeflocTaBJieHHbix'b HMeHHUMt yKa30M , b 5 MapTa 1810 ro^a (4epe3i> 
■JiTb x%Tb cjiyxc6bi np«6aBKa xpeTH ooaAHoro aajiOBaHia, Hepe3T> 10 ji-feTb— 
■•JiOBHHbi, repeat 20 jibtt, acejiaiomuM'b npoAOJmaTb ciyacGy- ABoflHoe ma- 
JWBa?ae) h ct> rbifb, ttoom Ha ocHOBaHiH HMeHHoro yna3a 10 $eBpaJia ldll r. 
Mi nocTynHBinie Ha cjiy«6y no KanHTyjiflojii hm-bjih npaBO nojiynarb ot- 
waBKy Hejie^jieHHO (n. C. 3. XXXI, JifcNs 24.147, 24.619). Ha aanpocb ynpa- 

BJiaiOmarO BOeHHblM'b MHHHCTepCTBOMT*, MOHCHO jih pacKBapTupoBaTb (JopMH- 
pytMblfl MaMOHOBblMT» nOJIK-b BT> MoCKBt, rp. PaCT0n4HHT> OTBtHaJI-b, HTO fljia 

aroro H'feTb CBo6o4Hbixi> KaaapMi, rjiaBHoe ace HeyAoCcTBO cocTonrb bt> tomt> 

HTO CT> BO^BOpeHieMt nOJIKa rfBOSHHKHyrb CHOBa 6e3QOpflAKH ? jKajio6bi, Bep~ 

•oBaHie h BopoBCTBO, ieMy y»ce mhofo Glijio npHM^poBi>' 4 . Bcji-fe^CTBie dToro 
-AaMOHOBy 6buio upeAaHcaHO npocjitAOBaTb ct» ero hojikomt* ^pe3-b MocKBy, 
h% CepnyxoB*b, nvfe JierKO momcho noJiyHHTb H3t> Mockbh paaHbifl Bemii, He- 
>6xo4HMbiH .qjifl o^MyH^apoBaHiii, a aaT'BM'b BLicTyniiTb bi> peaepBHyio apMiio 
■pjtMO bt> Cjiohhmt>. BoeHHO-yneHbiH ApXHB1>, I OT^. >& 336. 

l ) TaKi> KaKt M'BCTiibie aciiTeJiH He npojiaBajiH ^ypaxca hjih npo^aBajiB 
^mo HeHMOB'fepHbiM'b u-BHaM-b", to MaMOHOBi. ct> icypbepoM'b AOHeCb, HTO 
aoaicb He HM'seT'b 6ojite bo3mohchocth KBapTnpoBaTb bt> cejife BaTCK0MT». 
IpocjiaBCicift «e ry6epHaTopT>, kh. Mux. TojiHUbiH'b, Ha CA*JiaHHbiH eMy sa- 
■pocb, 1 Ma« oTB'B'iaji'b, hto rp. MaMOHOBi* cHanajia caMi> 0TKa3aJica orb co- 
jffcicTBin H.iena seMCKaro cy.ua, a Kor^a oht> oKaaajica Hy*HHM , b, to 6bui-b 
oTKOMaHAHpoBaH'b bt> BaTCKoe, ta* h HcnojiHHeTT> HeweAJieHHO bcb Tpe6oBa- 
mn nojiKa. Kh. II. A. BHaexicKW, nocTyaHBtuift bt> MaMOHOBCKifl nojiKi>, h 
yHacTBOBaBinifl bm-bct'b cb hhmt. bt> cpaxceHia npa BopoAHH-fe, CBiiA*TeJib- 
'iTByen*. hto KorAa 3tott» dojiki CToajn> bt» ilpocjiaBCKofl ry6. t rp. MauoHOBX 
^seeBaji'b 0(J>$uuiajibHbJMH GyMaraMH ci> flpocjiaBCK«MT» ry6epHaTopoMT>, kh. 
CoAHiutHbiirb. Mbi bcb OAHonojinaHe ctoajih aa HanajibHHKa CBoero". 

*) Bt> H6Mi» HHCJiHJiocb TorAa 40 inTa6T> h o(5epT>-o^Hn,epoB , b h 679 hh«- 

ftflXl* HHHOBT*. 

•) B*b pyccKHXt o^nn;epoB'b h cojiAaTi* CTajiH 6pocaTb KaMeHbH, 6peBHa, 

aMXidHbie mojiotkh h npoH., BCJilJACTBie nero H-feKOTopbie 0(J»Huepu 6biJiB 

jBiH^JiCHbi, a MHorie pa^oBbie paHeHbi, HHbie— THJKejio. ^Khtcji^mh npe^BO- 

^ptTtJibCTBOBaJiH H-BKOTopue KBapTHpoBaBinie TaMi» aBCTpiftCKie canepbi; ABoe 

Aexa6pb. OTAtA>. I. ^ 



U4 B. CBMRBCRIH. 

HeaaAOJiro ao 9Toro co6uTifl MaMOHOBi* bt» AOHecemii AjiencaHApy f 

tBb Kparo, rfl-fe pacnojioaceHi> HbiH'b BB'fepeHHbiH Mirk nojiR-b, He- 
npiiruieHHbiH, hjih, Jiynrae CKa3«iTb, spaacin pacnojioacpHia auiTejieft h 
npamrrejibCTBa ^o Toro B03pac;iH, mto bciirbh Ma.ieHbKau pyceRa* 
KOMarMa OTjvbJibHo Haymaii, noanepraeTCH ofimiiM'b oGujinwh h ocKop 

OJlOHijlM-b, KOTOpblH XJIUAHOKpOBHO MOryTb CHOCHTbCH OUHHMH H-feMUaMH. 

npHKpwBaiomHMH jihhhhok) pyccKaro MyHAupa HeHaBHCTb cboio kt> pyc- 
wcnwy h iiioGoBb Kb npupcuHbiM-b BparaMb HaranM-b. Bb SA-feniHeMi* 
Kpaw Gojibuian qacTb o^iiuepom,, KOMaHayiom.HX'b pyccKHMH co-iaa- 

TaMM,— H-feMUb! HCC H3T> KOHXT* HHb!6 H6 3HaiOTb HH CJMBa IIO-pyCCKH, 

c-nyraa bt> pyccKoft cJiysKGI*. Bcb oTHomenifl pyccKHx-b bohckt> kt> axbm- 
Bir\rb )kmt6«ihmi>, npaBHJibHOCTb, ao;i)K6HCTByiomafl rocnoacTBOBan. 
iiuauy humh... chmh HHHOBHHKaMH HCKaacaeTCH... BCHKOMy Hls\my npeao- 
CTtiB.ieHO ocKopHjiiiTb pyccKaro co.uaTa... a pyccKOMy nperpaauaioTca 
cam hie nyTH oTbicKHBaTb Ha H-BMua... PyccKift co;iaaTT), yaa;ieHHbiftorb 
poa«HW CBoeft h HMii npHTBCHeHHbiH... oropMOH-b chmt> HecKaaamio... rio- 
IfrtiKtftte cie tojihk<i HecnocHO aphTb pyccKOMy, mto a y.MO.iaio b. h. b... 
tioaeoJinTb MH'b He 6biTi> bt> 3Abrmie\n> Kpaio, #aobi He GbiTb CBHXBTe- 
jieM'b Bcero Toro, hto npeTepnliBaiorb aaBoenaTejm EBponbi, pyccirfe, 
Wapoxb Bann>, orb Hapo.ua, npioGbiKoiaro paGcrBOBaTb h BoaBbiniaro- 
marocn naxb no;maHHb!Mii BaiflHMH noTONiy TOJibKo, hto b. h. B-By He- 

H3Ul>CTH0, 4T0 HH03eMU,bI, pyCCKHMH HaablBaFOLOJeCH. n03BOJIHK>T*b TtMT> 

HH03eMuaMT>, foii neHaBH^HTTj Pocciio h jwiarb e>i ruoeJiH, hto flOKa- 
aaHt> fbMH MHTencaMu, kohxt> h Gbi.ib oqeBiuHbift cBHa'BTe^b, h noao6- 

Hbie CBMy B"bpOflTHO CKpblBaeMbl 0Tb B. H. B-Ba» *). 

Kara CTOJiKHOBeHie OAHoro h3t> BCKaApoHOB'b MaMOHOBCKaro nojiKa 
&h acMTejiflMH H*MeuKaro MtcTeqita, Tain* BtpoaTHO h toht» AOHecema 
HawoHOBa A.ieKcaHApy I, HeoGuqHbift bt> noAo6HbiXT> o$<j>imia.TbHhix , i> 
6yMaraxT>, noBe-iH Kii TOMy, qTO BoeHHaa Kapbepa AviiTpieBa-MaMO- 
MoaOBa He 6biJia npoAO.i»HTe^bHa. Ilo cBH^tTeJibCTBy khasa Bfl3eii- 
CEaro BCJitACTBie onHcaHHbix'b yjiHqHwxT> OeanopaiKOB-b h ApaKM 
iio.nv^ MaMokoBa 6hji^ pac^opMnpoBaBTj h ero Kaaaicn olijih aaqa- 
cjieHbi b^ Kattofl-TO rycapcKift nojiK-b. 8to aojisho Gilio oqeHb paanpa- 
KHTb MaMOHOBa, ho HtKOTopoe Bpena oh-b erne npoAOjiKajrb cjiyacoy. 
no osoHqaHiw bobhu oht> npHCoeAHHH-ica bt> Mockb* kt> «o6iunpHOMy 
Kpymity HeiioBOJibHbix^: nopHuajiTi, $? 0H ^ H P 0BiU,]b > 6paHHJTb». B* 
^espaJit 1816 r. oht> 6un yaojieH^ sa rpaHui^y jio H3JitqeHia 6ojit3HH 

fl, nOBHAHMOMy, BT> T0MT» »6 TOAy BblUJeJIT. BT> OTCTaBKy. Ho B03Bp3k 



■3i> uuxt> CMepTejibHO paHHJEH pyccKaro Ka3aKa, a oahht>, Ha3BaBtuiflcii o$h- 

!;•-!■■■; ! >, GpOCHJICJI CT» KOpTHKOMT* Ha CaMOTO MaMOHOBa, HO 6bIJTb 0CTaH0BJI6Hl 
)0'i--' >> 1MB 0<l>imepa>dH t fl^HTpieBT>-MaMOHOBT> B6JltJIT> CXBaTHTb OAHOrO H31» 

Bamlofl-be BUHOBHbix-b bt> 6eanopHAKaxT> h HaKaaaJit ero, .Kam> HaKa3bisa- 
E>rt BHHOBaTbixt cojiAaTi> a bt> Haineft a[»MiH. Bt> AOHeceHiw hmb. AjieKcaH^py 
obt> anpaBAWBajica rban, tto KOMaHAOBaBuiaro aBCTpiftuaMH otj»Hiiepa, koto- 
paro obt> He paai* Tpe6oQajn> kt> ce6"B Ha noMomb, ct> caMaro yrpa He 6wjio 
Bii ybcTAHicb. lloAooHoe hkb npoHciuecTBie cjiy^HJiocb h Bt cejieHiax'b, TJ& 
KBapTiipoBajit Apyroft dCKa^pom*. 

l j Bt» repiiaHiH y MaMOHOBa boshhkjih KaKiHTo HenpiaTHocTH ct> rea. 
^pxejieMTb. 



01EPKH H3*B HCTOPIH HAEM AEKABPHCTOBB. 115 

meHiH M8^-8a rpaHHUU oh*b crajrb BecTH coBepniPHHo BaTBopHmecityio 

*H3HB Vb CBOeMT> HOAMOCKOBHOMB HMtHlH ,HyopOBHIJbJ. Ob 1817 T. 

y Hero HaqajacB ncHXHuecKaa eojilwHb; BaaeMCKifi no:iarajn>, mo npH- 
iBHaiiH efl 6i>ijih «HeorpaHHqeHHoe caMOJitooie h fftbdeniseuHocmbnoAo- 
menix naiuezo*. CoiiocraBHB'B axu cjioBa cb HHCbMOBfB MaMOHOBa itb 
AjeitcaHApy mh wwewb noHHTb axt JiHmb bt> tomb cmucj*, mo ero 
eajibHO paaipasKaJiH nojiHTuqecKin u o6mecTBeHHbia HeypjJAHijbi Poc- 
cih. 9to 6yAerb eine acHte, Kor^a uu no3HaitOMHMCH cb ero otho- 
meHiflMH kt> M. 0. Op.ioBy h cb rhMH njiaHaxH npeoopa30BaHifl, &o« 
Topue ohh Bupa6aTbiBajiH. 

Kh. BflseMfRifi cBHAtTeJibCTByerb o 6jh.iocth MaMOHOBa cb cra- 

pHMH MOCKOBCKHMH MaCOHUMli: nO erO CJIOBaM'B, OETB «npuHaA.ie3Raj['B 

» MocKBt o6mecTBy Tain> Ha3UBaeMbix , b MapTHHHCTOB'b. Ohb 6hjjtb 
wb cbh3h ci> Kyry30BUMb (IlaBJiOMB MBaaoBa'ieMb), IIeB3opoBUMT> a 
ApyrHMH jiHi^aMH eioro KpyacKa*. 3ro bhaho h hsb Toro, ito oh*b 
tOTpyABHnaji'B bt> «,fl,pyrfe lOaoniecTBa* HeB3opoBa: ba^cb b*b 
1811—12 rr. neqaiajmcB ero CTMXOTBopemji (« x IecTb», cTeHiK)*, 
«BpeMH», cHcTHHa» m ap )• ct* noAnHCbro: T. #. M. Kh. BaseM- 
eKifl ynoMHHaerB b*b nucbMt 1823 r. o «npe«HHX'B MacoH- 

«HXT> CBH3HXX* MaMOHOBa CB II. H. I\)JieHHmeBbIM'B-KyTy30BUM , B, 

moTopufi npocjiaBHJiCH AOHOcaMH Boo6me h Ha KapaM3HHa bb qacrHO- 

•TH *)• Il03AHte, BO BpeMH 60-lt3BH, .J.MHTpieB'B-MaMOHOB'B HH- 

tajra cBoeMy pojcrBeHHHKy h onetcyHy C. II. <{)0HB-Bii3HHy: cM.ih bei 
le tot-b Ceprtft [Libjobiitb, KOToparo a SHajB cb Ajieac. Hb. Ma- 

MOHOBMM'B H BB Jioffit MaCOHCKO&» 2 ). 

Yace H3B npHBeAt J HHbix r s Bbirne ciyxoBB o npeAJomeHHHX'B MaMO- 
■obbtm'b noacepTBOBaHinx^ bhaho, mo oht» Gblib oqeHB 6oraTB. IIo 
irtAOMOCTHM'b, cocTaB-ieHRLiM^ ero oneKyHana b* 1853 r., y Hero 
6mo no 9-fl p°bh:uh 6e3T> Majaro 13.U00 Ayun* KpecrbflH-b m. n. 
h esenuHuft aoxoai> ct> bthxt* HM^Hifl npeBocxoAHJiB 76.000 p. 
Aa KpoM-fe Toro bt> mockobckoA ABopsacKoS oneKt xpaHHJica uanuTajii 
fb lt-T.OOO p. B*b 1860 roAy, no 10 fl peBHaia, MaMOHoay npHBaA- 
leacajo yace okojio 15.000 Ayun* KpecTbaH'b m. n. npa 90.000 Aeca- 
THHaxi» aetfJiH, pacno.ioHceHHbiX'B bb AecflTH ryoepainx'B h 29 ytd- 



i) A. Baciuwwcotr,. €C' 4 Mei4cTB0 Pa3yMOBCKHXi»», t. II, 64—65, 288, 325, 
*41, 34:^, 346, 348, 363, 374. ro-ieHHmeB-b-KyTy30BT» 6ujn» ceHaTopoM-b Bt Mo- 
ckb* bt» 1805 — 21 rr., cJi-BAOBarejibHO h bt> to BpeMH, Korfla bt» ceHaT* 

CJyaCHJTb ^MHTpieBB-MaMOHOB-B. 

*) AaeKcaHAP'b Hb. H x <»TpieBT»-MaMOHOB , b 6ujit> Hs6paHi» 7 AORa6px 
1817 r. BejiHKHUi» MacTepo\n> MacoHCKoft jioirh HmymnxT> MaHHbi, TOJibKO 
^to nepe;n> t-bmt> ocHOBaHHofl, a C. 11. $oht> Bh3hht>— ea Ha.vi-BCTHWM'b Ma- 
CTepo\ii>, ho hh cpe^M iJieHOBT*. Hii cpe^H noc-BTMTe^eft jioacH Hmymux* 
MaHHM b-b 1817 roAy MaTBBft AaeKC. AwaTpieB'b-MaMOHOB'b He yaoMHHaeTca, 
ja 8to h ecTecTBenHO, TaK*b KaKT» bt» 3to BpeMH oht» yace ncuji'b bt> noJiHOMi 
yeAHHemH. IIoaTOMy ynoMHHaHie bt> nncbM* flMHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa othochtch, 

B-BpOSTHO KT> OOJI^e paHHHMT> MaCOHCKHMt C06paHiAMl>. 

8* 



116 B. CEMEBCKlft. 

Aaxx l ), saitMTb y Hero 6buia ^a^a bt» Mockb* Ha BopofibeBHX'b ro- 
paxi,, aomt. bt> IleiepSyprh h RanHTajrb 6ojrfce 200.000 pyfijiefi bx 
fimeraxt rocy^apcTBeHaro 6aHKa. Bee HM-fenie 6buio He sajoaceHO, u 
KanmajTb repeat qeTbipe rcAa B03pocb ao 500.000 py6jiefi. Hatto- 
Bent, bt> KJiaAOBUXt MOCKOBCKoft ABopaHCKofi oneRH xpaHHJOCb npH- 
HaAJie;samnx , L MaMOHOBy sojiOTUXt, cepe6paHiix'b h 6pHJiJiiaHTOBUXi* 
semeti npawtpHO Ha 200.000 pyfijiefi. 

C'BepuieHHO HecoMHtHHO, qTO npeflnojioJKeHifl, oTHocHTeJibHO koto- 
puxi* OpjioBii h ^MHTpieB-b-MaMOHOB-b, no CBHA*TejibCTBy nepBaro 2 ), 
upiiLCJia Kb cooaraeHiK) bt> 1814—15 r.r, HSJioraeHbi bt> flOKyiieHT*, 
nannraHHOM'b pyfcoio rp. ,3,MHTpieBa-MaM0H0Ba 8 ) h 03ai\iaBJieHH0M'b: 
«ILyHirru npeno,aaBaeMaro bo BayTpeHHeM-b opAeHt yqeHia*. CasiUMX 
nepBUMii h3t> 8thxii nyaKTOB'b ycTaHaBjHBajiocb «orpaHiiqeHie caMO- 
jepnwBFjofi BjiacTH» nocpeA*-TBOM'b ceaaTa: 9to 6ujio Kaifb 6ei bo3- 
poacAenie rfcx'b HAefi o npaAaHia nojiHTHqecitaro 3Haqeflia ceHaiy r 

Cb KOTOpWMH HOCHJIHCb HtttOTOpue HaiDH .IH6epaJIbI BO BTOpofi HOJIO- 

bhhIi XVIII fit tea h bt» caMOMT» Haqajrii napcTBOBaHia hmh. Ajiea- 
caHApa 1 4 ). OpjiOB'b h MaMOHOB^ npeAnojiarajiH, q-ro caMOAepacaBHaa 
BJiacib 6yAerb jwuieHa npaBa: 1) H3AaBaTb hobuc saKOHti h otm4~ 
EBTh crapue «6e3T> bojih ceHaTa»; 2) «HajiaraTb Hajioni* 6e3^ ero 
«cor;iacia»; 3) o6^aBjiflTb Bofiay h saosoqaTb TpaKTaTM ^esi^ bojhi 
ceHaia*; 4) ccujiaTb h HaKa3biBaTb ^Ceax bojih ceHaia*; 5) ocTaB- 
iaTL rocy^apcTBO h yfeacaTb sarpaHHay; 6) atajioBaTb bt* KHHHecKO* 
h rpucfcKoe poccificKoe aoctohhctbo, bt> $ejn>AMapaiajibi, KaHijJiepH, 
.ocyaapcTBeHHue mhhhctpu, reHepajrb-ry6epBaTopbi norpaHnqHbix'b ry- 
CepHifl h ChGhph, rjiaBHOKOMaHAysomie apMiefi, bt» KaBaaepw opAe- 
hobl AHApea, Teopria nepBbix'b ftByxx KJiaccoB'b h B.iaAHMipa I-fi 
CTenenu, bt> cenamopbi, bt> KOMaFflnpH RopnycoB-b h bx noama kt> 
j(BaptiMT> aarjiificKOMy, $panay3CK0My, npyccKoMy, TypeijKOMy h aB- 
crpiftcKOMy 6e3i. cooacia ceaaTa. 9to nodaHOBjeBie HanoMHHaeTb 

KOnJHUlH, npeAJIOaceBHUH BepXOBBHM'b TaflHUM'b COBtTOMT) Ahh* IoaH- 

ROKHt. OHa o6fl3biBajiacb 6epT> corjiacia BepxoBsaro TaflHaro coB-feia: 
*1) mi ct> k^mti BoftHU ne HaqHHaTb, 2) wiipa He3aoH)qaTb, ^jBtp- 
huxii Haninx'b noAAaHHbix'b HHKaKHMH hobijmh noaaTBMH He OTaro- 
maTb, 4) 8HaTHbie mmhu, K'dWh B'b cBtTciiie, Tairb h BoeBHue, cyxo^ 
nyrnue h MopcKie Bbiiue nojiKOBHH f ibaro paHra He acajiOBaTb, buk* 
ait 8HaTHUMT> ji^ji'dwh HHKoro He onpeA*JiaTb, 5) y IHJiaxeTCTBa »H- 



1 J Bt 1789 r. oTity MaMOHOBa 6lijio noacajioBaHo EKaTepHHoro IJ 2.25t 
Jtyuiii Myac. n., HapoMHo AJia Hero KynjieHHUxi,. 
") Cm. npHBe^HeHHoe Btiine ero noKa*aHie. 
) Hto 3to AtflcTBHTejibHO pyKa rp. ^MHTpieBa MaMOHOBa momcho yCV 

flHTbCfl, CpaBHHBT) 3TOTT> ^OKyMOHTl. CT> Co6cTBeHHOpy4HUMH CTpOKaMH er<> 

HoueceHia BT* ^-bji-b BoeHHO-y^eHaro apxHBa, I Ch\zrBJieHie J^ H3«. ji. 31 o& 
l ) Cm. mok) CTaTbio ^Boopocb o npeo6j»a30BaHin TocyAapcTBeHHaro CTpoa 
Poccjii BT» XVIII h nepaoft ^eTBepTH XIX B-BKa" B'b JKypHa-i* .Bwji©e* 
190*> rojia J^ 1. 



01BPKH H8T> HCTOPIH H^Efi ABKABPHCTOBX. £U 

BOTa H HMtHlfl H 16CTH 6e3Tb CyAa H6 OTHHMaTb, 6) BOT1MHH H a«- 

peBHH He acajiOBaTL, 8) rocyAapcTBeHHtie aoxoah bt> pacxoA* He 
ynarpe6jiflTB». 

M:jBtcTHO, ?to nonuTKa BepxoBHHKOBi> orpaHH»MTB caifOAepacaBHyio 
BJiacTB jihuib bt> CBOio noJiBay BcrptTMJia npoTecn» CO CTOpOHH ABO- 
paacTBa, h bt> Bupa6oTaHHux'B Tor.ua npoeKTaxi* k*b yiacTiio bt> npeA- 
CTaBHTewibHOMT> yqpeatAeHiH npeAJiarajiocb AonycTHTB Bu6opeuxi> otb 
ABopaecTBa, a bt> npoearfc rh. J{. M. FojiHUUHa — h on, ropoAOB'B. 
IIo Dpoeoy MaMOHOBa h Opiosa mieBsua cenaTa, noTopuft AOJiaceH* 
6iunb orpaHHqHBaTb caiiOAepacaBHyiD BJiacTb bt> jtfwh BaKOHOAarejiB- 
CTBa, BHyTpeHHflro ynpaBjiemfl h BfffcinHBX'B OTHomemfi, aojihhh 6ujih 
6bin> jiHn,a, He Ha3HaqaeMbLfl rocyAapeirB, a qacTBro Hirfciomia Ha to 
npaBO no cBoeiiy nponcxofflAeHiio f qacTBio Bbi6opHue. HpeAnojiarajiocB, 
ra> ceeart 6yAerB coctohtb <h3t> AByxcorB HacjrbACTBeHHHX'B napoB* 
(Pairs), MarHaTOB'b bjih BeiBiioarB rocynapcTBa, hs-b qeTupexcorB 
apeACTaBHrejieft ABopancTBa h hs'b qeTHpexcorB npeACTaBHTejeft Ha- 
po£a». Ho OTsyAa bshtb «HacjrkACTBeHHbiXT> napoBi>», KOTopuxi, vb 
PocciH He cymecTBOBajio? Mx^ npeanojiaraiiocB cos^aTB ncityccTBeHHO 
aocpeAGTBOM'B «AapoBaHiH» AByMCTaifB BewibMoacawb rocygapcTBa «yA"h- 

JIOFB rOpO^aMH H nOMtCTBBMH* B*B HaCJl^ACTBeHHyH) C06CTBeHH0CTb, 

npH newb ropoAairB, cocTaBJtaiomHirB tHacjitAie napost rocyaapcTBa*, 
AOjukhbi 6li.ih 6htb npe^ocTaBJieHBT «npaBa rpa(j)CTBT> bt> AHrjiie h 
aapcTBi, bo $paHi4H». 

Bt> nacTOflmee Bpeaia raKofi miaH'B MoaerB noKasaTBCflcoBepmeHHO 
HejrbnfciM'B h HeB03M0*HHirB, ho ocjih mu npaiieirB bo BHHvaHie, 4to 
OpjoB-b h ^MHTpieB-b-MaMOHOB-b codaBJifljiH cBoe npe^nojioseHie m> 
bt, 1814-15 r. h <ito OpjiOBi> Tor^a tojbro l jto nprbxajrB H3T, $paH- 
ipe, r^t AjeKcaBAp'B I npeAOCTaBHJTB ewy 3HaqeTeJibByio pojB b*b ne- 
peroBopax'B ct> $paHijy3aiiH, to mm He yAHBHMcn, ecjin hcto^hhrx 

TOJIBKO HTO yKa3aBBb!XT> HpeAnOJEOSCeHifl 06*B HCRyCCTBeHHOM'B COBAaHiH 
HaCJltACTBeHHUX'B UapOBT,, BXOAfllUHX'B BT> COCTaB'B COHaTa, KOTOpblfl 

AOJiseH'B 6hjtb orpaHu^HTB caMOAepsaBie bt> PocciH, uu HafiAeMi b*b 
coBpeneBHofi $paBU,iB. Bt> TaKT> Ba3biBaeMofl ceaaTCKofi KOHCTBTyqiH, 
onySjiHKOBaHHofl bo ^paHi^H 6 anptjia 1814 ro^a, 6bueo cnasaHo: 
«ceHaTopu HecHtHHeMu, h hxt> ssaHie nepeAaeTCH no HacjiiucTBy bx 
bt> MyscKOMi noTOMCTB-fe no npasy nepsopoACTBa. Ohh HasHaqaioTCH 
KopojieirB... BbiHtmee^ nosRaJiofiame (dotation) ceHary h ceHaTop- 
CTBanT, (s^natoreries) npHHaAJiexerB hmt>. ^oxoah a^atch He»Ay 

HHMH aopOBBy '), H 8T0 npaBO nepeXOAHTT* El, BXT> HaCJI^AHHRaiTB. 

Ecjh cJiy^HTca, ^to yMperB kto jh6o uvh ceHaTopoB'B 6e3T» My»CKoro 
noTOMCTBa no npjaMofl jibhIh, to ero aojh B03BpamaeTca bt> sasHy». 
Ihcjo ceHaTopoB^ aojikho 6bijio 6htb oti 150 ao 200 2 ). 

J ) Bt* H-fecKOJibKO coKpameHHOMt nepeBOA'fe ceeaTCKott KOHCTHTyam, 
eane«iaTaHHOMi> Bt .CtJHfe OTeqecTBa** 1814 roAa (q. XIII, 193-197), 6uao 
jvouauyro, hto .ceHaiopu nojibayioTca neTbipbMA UHJUiioHaMH Aoxo^a, 
aoay^aeMaro cb HaitfoHajibHbix'B HM'&aifi". 

*) Tripier. Les constitutions francaises. P. 1848, p. 230. KorAa BoHa- 



118 B. CEMEBCKlfc. 

Mh nojaraeirB, ito hstb BToro BCToqBHKa OpaoBt h rp. RuviTplevb- 
MaMoHOBi> h 3aHMCTB<)Ba-iH CBoe npeAnojioaceaie o BacjrticTBeBHHnr 
nepaxT>. 3aHMCTB0BaBie bto Gbijio rtwh jierqe h BOSMoraa'fce, qTO »- 
peBOAT* BOHCTHTyi^iH 6 anplua 1814 r. 6uun> BaneqaraBT> bt> oabom* ' 

H3T> HaHOOJte H3B*CTHbIX'b TOr£aUIRHXb HCypaaJ0B*b. B03MOJKBO, SO- 

ae^HO, h Bjuaaie npawtpa aerjiiftcKofi naJiaTbi Jop^OBt. BtpoaTBs, 
OTCfo^a ace, t. e. hoat> BJiiaBiearb (j>paaijy3CR0ft ceaaTCKott kohcthtjiUi 
1814 r., a Taaace h aBiuiiflcKoa najaTM jiopaob*, BBHJiacb h y Mopj- 
BBHOBa MLicjib o «rocyAapcTBeBBofi Jljarfc* (hjih «^,yM , b BeJbMoarb», 
«BepxoBHofi najiarfc», KaKT> oat xorbjrb BasBaTb ee nepBOBaqajbBo), 
cocToamefi B3Tb BBTHAe .BTH qjieBOBT>. Oht* npejuiarajn*, qTo6bi B'b SBaBii 
qjeaa btoA ajku acajioBajn> rocy^apb, a noTOMT) oao at-iaeTca Bacjrtj- 
CTBeaBUM'b h nepexoAHTb Bcer^a kt> CTapmeMy cuHy. KaacAbift cBeib- 
M03Ka» npH noacajiOBaHin bt> bto 3Baaie nojiyqaerb b3t> saseBflux^ 
BMymecTB^ Be MeHte 10.000 ayurb (m. n.); hxt* Bacaiayerb CTapmil 
cwB'b, KQTopBifi, no cMepTH OTija saaaMaerb ero MtcTO no AOCTHseflii 
coBepnieBHOJitTiji, nojiyqaa, BiipoqeM'b, npaBO rojioca B'b ayMt xniHb 
Kor^a eMy MaaerB 24 ro^a. HMtaia, cocTaBJarontfa npiiBaAJeacaocifc 
fl;ocTonacTBaBejibMo«T>, Be Moryrb 6uTb, no npoeirry MopABHBoaa, u 
npojiaBM, bh noflapeBH, bh 3a.ioaceBiii, aoxoAbi ct» bhxt> ho Moryr* 
6biTb «ynpoqeBH» bh 3a k^mi* apyrHM'b. Obh Bcer.ua nepexoflarb h# 
BacjitiicTBy k% CTapmeMy ChiBy, a ecjia cuaa Htrb, to B03Bpama»TCji 
bt* Kasny. BiipoqeM'b, na Mbicjib o . acejiaTe.ibBOCTH noacaJOBaaifl Hace- 
ieBBbix , b BMtaiM BejibMoacaM'b moimh HaBecTH OpJiOBa h rpa$a A 14 *- . 
TpieBa-MaMOBOBa h «kobab^h» 9 npeflJioaceBBbia BepxoBBbnfb coBtTon 
AHHt IoaaBOBst, xotb TaMi> caMOAepacaBaaa BJiacTb h JiHinajiacb npaea 
noawaoBaflia bthxt* HMiaifi Oes'b cooacia BepxoBBaro Taflaaro coBira. 
HyatHO 3aMf>THTb, BiipoqeM'b, qTO bt> nyaKTaxT> MaMOBOBa h Opioi* 
Be yKasaao Toqao Toro, KtwE npoH3BOA&;iocb «AapoBaHie y^tjiOBii> 
BejibMoacunfb rocyaapcTBa; bo h3t> naceM'b ^MHTpieBa MaMOBOBa, s»- 
Topua Oyayrb npHBPAeabi Baacft, mosbo aaoroqmb, qTO ycTaaoBieait 
cenaia, orpanHqaaaiomaro caMOAepacaBayio BJiacTb, ja;ojiaKBO 6litb p#- 
syjbTaTOM'b rocy^apcTBeaaaro uepeBopoTa, KOTopufl AOJateai* 6urt 
npoHSBecTH OpAeBi, Pbmapefi PyccKaro Kpecvra, hjih PyccKax-b Pbm»- 
pefi. Orii'hTHM'b en^e, qTO h KOBCTHTynieio (,J,o6aBoqBbiit aKTi»), npji- 



napTt, CA^JiaBmHCb nepBUM-b kohcvjiomt., CTaji*b MeqTaTb o6t> HMnepaTopcwrt, 
oht> p*iuHjn> npio6p-fccTa pacnoJio»eHie ceH&TopoB-b, 6oraTO oaapHBT* hx%. 

Ilo KOHCTHTyijiH Vlll (179 1 J) r. H31> AOXO^OB'b C1> HamOHaJlbHblXT> HMymecTi* 

6w^o onpe;vB.neHo coABpacaaie ceHaTa (n. 22), Bt> XI ro^y 6ujih o6pa30iasii 
oco6bie OKpyra H3i> HaaioHajibHux'b HMymecTBT> — ceHaTopcTBa, bt> KaacAOirb 

H31> HHX-b dblJlT, .HOM-b H OHO AaBaJIO AOXOAT> OTb 20.000 AO 25.000 $paHKOBV 

Ci. cji'B^yiomaro (180«i r) bcb ceHaTopcTBa dbiJia poaAaHbi, ho TOJibKO v*> 
noacH3HeHHyio co6cTBeHHOCTb. CeHaTCKaa KOHCTHTyuin lbl4 r. o6paTRjia 
ceHaTopcKiJi uwbmsi H3T> nojKHHeHHbJXT, bt> HaairkACTBeHHbifl. Ho KOHCTiiTyi^iJi 
«Ta He <5biJia ocymecTBJieHa, h yKaa-b 4 iioHa 1^14 r. npHcoeAHHHJi'b an 
HM-bHia vn» rocy^apcTBeHHUM-b HMymecTBaM"b f npn nejib KasiwoMy cenaTo^y 
6bi*a HasHaqena neHcia B'b 36.000 (fpaHKOBt. 



uqEPM H3'b HCTOPIH MftEfi AEKABPHCTOBT>. 119 

HflToio bo BpeMfl cTa AHefl, noA'b BJiiaHieMt BeHHtaiieHa KoHcraHa, 
6buia ycTaHORJieHa najiaTa napnB-b. Ilo ceHaTCtofi KOHCTHTyijiH 6 anpiia 
1814 r., KpoMt ceHaTi aojukchtj 6bun> 6biTb h saKOHOflaTejibHhifl Kop- 
nycb. Opjiobt* ae h MaMOHOBT> nyidajin coeAHHHTb bt> OAHOMi> ceHark 
200 Hacjit l acTBeHHHX r b napoBT>, warHaTOB'b h.ih BejibMoan> rocy^apcTBa 
c% 400 npeACTaBHTejinMH ABopaHCTBa h 400 npeAcraBHTeJiaMH HapoAa. 
Mwcjib o6t> yqpejK.ii.eHiH napoBi* B-b Poccin npHXOAHJia bT> rojiosy 
He TOJibKO ^MHTpieBy- MaMonoBy, Op-iOBy h MopABHHOBy; eio aa^a-. 
»ajca oaho BpeMa Aaace H. H. TypreHeB-b, xoth h Ha coBepmeaHO 
iHbix-b ocHOBaHiHX^: y Hero 9Ta Mbicjib cBaauBajiacb HenocpeACTBeHHO 
c* npeAnojioflceHieM'b o6-b ocBofiojKAeHia KpecTbaH'b. JKhbh eme aa 
rpaenu,eK), bo <£paHK<|)yprfc, TypreHeB-b 19okth6ph 1815 r. saHOCHT* 
B*i cBofi AHeBHHK'b Mucjib o tomt>, qTo6bi nocjrfc npeo6pa30BaHia «BHy- 
TpeHHflro h bt> pco6eHHOcTH se&iCKaro ynpaBJieRia* 6oraTbL>rb A&opa- 
Hairb CbiJia npeA0CTaB.ieHa B03MoacHOCTb «npio6p-fcTaTb npaBa napoB% 
ocBofiomAeBieMi cbohxt> KpecTbaH'b. KaKyio npeKpacHyio cjiaBy pyc- 
cKie BejbMoacH chm , l 3acjiy»ciiTb Moryrb», npoAOJUKaerb oht>. ^epesi, 
to fiorarae jiioah copahhb botch cb npaiJHTejibCTBOM r b jim AOCTnaceHin 
BejHKofl n, , fe:iH ocBu6o3KAenifl». llapu, npeAJiaraeMbie TypreHeBtiM'b, 
OTiaqaroTCfl orb napoB-b OpaoBa h rp. ^MHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa He TOJibKO 
ipoHcxoafAeHieM'b hxt> BBaHia, ho h rtM-b, qTO ohh, no KpafiHefl Mtpfc 
HepBOHaqajbHO, HeorpaHHqHBaroT-b caMOAepacaBHofi BJiacTii: «He HyacHO 
repaTb nu Mcvio l ) caMOA^pacaBRoiB BJiacTH npeacA© yHaqToaceHia pa6- 
GTBa>, roBopiiT'b TypreHeB-b. «Ilapbi He orpaHHqarb en, ho yciuiarb*! 
4pe3-b nojiroAa TypreneB-b pasBiiBaerb cbofo MHCJib o napax-b h 
SftAyMUBaerb yqpeacAeHie h3t> hhxt> eAHHofi najtaTbi. 25-ro anp-fejia 
1816 r., eme hchbh 3a rpaHHH,efi, oh'b sanHCbJBaerb bt> cBoeMT* AHeB- 
HHK-fe: «Bb Poccin, KaaeTca, mohcho Tenepb ct> nojibsoto bbccth une 
Chambre des Pair (najiaTy napoBT>) a ch. de Dep. (najiaTy AenyTa- 
tobt>) He BBOAHTb. Orb cefl Hejib3H Tenepb oacHAaTb HHqero nojie3Haro. 
IlepBaa ace Moacerb noAAepncuBaTb jHoepajibHyio cncfeMy, KOTopyio 
iioaterb BBecTH npaBHTejibCTBO. Cia nepBafl, ecjw TaKaa cucieMa 
bb(»autch, npeAOxpaHHTT* ee ott> pa3pymeHifl bt> nocJi'fcAywnj.HX'b uap- 
CTBOBaHinxxi>. CaMo coooio paayMteTCH, qTO nocji^AHflfl HaAeatAa 
o^ieHb HaHBHa npH coxpaHeHin caMOAepacaBHofl BJiacTH, KOTopaa 6y- 
Aerb HM r feTb nojiHyro B03MoacnocTb yirnqToacHTb Kaicb upeacA© npa- 
HaTyH) jiHfiepajibHyio CHCTeMy, TaKi> h caMyio najiaTy napoB-b. Yqpe- 
KAenie 3T0li najiaTbi TypreHeB-b no npeacneMy cqHTaeiTj ocoSeHHO no- 
ie3HOK) noTOMy, qTO qjieHbi ea «He 6yAyT-b iiM^Tb KptnocTHUX'b ibo 
Aefl». Ohtj Haxo^HJi-b ooymecTBJieHie ero mhcjih HacTOJibKO BaacHHirb, 
*to Aywaji-b npeA-ioacHTb ee hmh. AjieiccaHApy 2 ). 



l ) KypCHBT> riOA«JlHHHHKa. 

a ) 3TO BHJIHO H31> HenOCpe^CTBeHHO eJTfeflyiOmHX'b 8a ^THpOBaHEHMI 
M*CTOMT> CJIOBT>: .IlpeACTaEHTb BC* nJiaHM OAHOMy H npH TOM-b CKa3aTb, 4TO 

oHbie He 6biJiH HHKOMy coodme»bi. H6o h^ti. HHKaicofi noJib3bi bt» ceMi* 
ooo6meHiB, h6o h yntpeHT, BecbMa. hto noJie3Hbis nepeM*Hbi MoryTX CbiTt 



120 b. c e m e b c a i n. 

HaitoHeirb, 2-ro iroHH 1816 ro^a, eme aa rpaHHaefi, TypreHeB'b iia- 
CpacwBaerb bi» CBoeifb ahcbhiik'b o6mifi njiaH^ npeofipaaoBanift, paa- 
cqHTaHHufi na 25 jtbtl. Oht> npeA.iaraerb pa3A*JiHTb sto 25-THjrbiit 
Ha naTb nepioioBT*. Bb TeqeHie nepBaro cjiBAyerb aaHHTbca: «i) co- 
CTaBJieHieMT. KOAeKca bcbxt* 3aK0H0B r b, 2) o6pa30BameM , b BHyTpeHRBr« 
ynpaBJienifl, 3) HcnpaBJieHiearb CHCTeMU <t>HHaHC0B-b». TypreHeB'b 
npe^Jiaraerb ompaBHTb 3a rpa'umy na qerape roAa orb 100 ao 200 
qejiOBtK'b fljia H3yqeHia npeMM : : ' -cTBeHHO lopHCfipyAeHm'n, a bx axo 
BpeMH 3dHflTbCH cocTaBjieHieMi) upoeKTa 3aK0H0BT>, nopyqiiB'b 9to 

A^JIO 0TAtJIbHMM7> JIHIl.aM'b DJIH KOMHTeTaM'b. II B03Bpam*eHiH OTlfpa- 

BJieHHHX'b 3a rpaHimy Ha poahbj hmx upoqHTHBaioTCH npoeKTii :m;o- 
HOB'b, KOTOpue h no-iyqawrb CHjy bt, nepBufi roAt BToporo nepioAa n§ 
TOJibKO HaBpeMfl, tort* KaMi> bi> 3to BTopoe nflTHJTBlie HX1> npHrOAHOlTb 
aoABepraeTca HcnbrramK), h Jiomb qepeax 10 jiivrb orb Haqajra npn- 
o6pa30BaTeJihHaro nepioAa ohh OKOHqaxejibHO yTBepjKAaKrrca. Bi> npo^oj- 
Kerne TpeTbiiro iiflTHJi'BTifl TypreHeB'b npeAJiaraerb 3aHflTbCH ocymecrujie- 
HieMTb ero mhcjih o napaxvKOTopue, Kain> oht> BHOBb HacTaHBaeri,, hb 
TOJibKO «He ocjiaSflrb BjiacTb npecTOJia», a aaaee eyAyn* HMfab npoxiiBo- 
nojioacHoe 3HaqeHie. Tairb icaKi, napawn Moryrb 6bixb TOJibKO «iiom1>- 
djhkb>, ocBo6oAHBraie cbohxt, KptnocTHbix^, to, AynaeT-b TypreHeB'b 
«ohh, no ecTecTBeHHOMy xoAy Bemefi h dpacTefi, Moryrb tojmto,.. 
coAtilCTBOBaTb npaBHTejibCTBy bt> oSmeMT* ocBofioacAeniH*. Kx xuyy 
ae OHi) cqiiTaexx B03M0WHbiM r b, htoCm npaBa napoB7> 6um «nepBo- 
HaqajibHbiMT. nojioHceHieM-b orpaHaqeBH bt> TeqeHie 10 hjjh ]f>-TH 
Jiirb Tain., qTofiti Bwrnie bxt> mofjio TOJibKO Bcer#a cnocirbmecTBo- 
eaTb BHAam* npaBHTejibCTBa, ho HHKorAa Hirb npoTHBHTbca*. OqeBHj^o, 
TypreHeB'b pascqHTHBaerb na to, qTO npaBHTejibCTBo, ecjiH oho nptj- 
iierb ero njiaH-b, Syiierb upoHH$HyTO nporpeccHBHhiMH cTpeMJieHMMU. 
Oht> HacxaHBaerb Ha CBoefl mucih, qTO «Bce bt> Poccih ao-"»ho 6uti> 
cA*JiaHO npaBHTejibCTBOM^, HHqTo caMHMT* HapoAOMx. Ecjih npaBHTejb' 
ctbo HHqero He OyAeT'b A*JiaTb, to Bee aoji»ho 6HTb npeAOCTaB:ieRn 
BpeMenn, HHqTo BapoAy. TaKHMi* o6pa30MTE» qepc3T> 15 jrhrb,— npo- 
AOJiaaeTij ohx,~ MHHMteM-b 3aK0HH, $HHaHCH, BHyTpeHHifl nopaA'kK'b 
h napoBii^. Bt» TeqeHie qeTBepTaro nBTHwitiia napu bmIjctb cl up«- 
BHTejrbCTBOMTi aojischm npoH3BecTH rjiaBBtfluiee npeo6pa30BaHie— *ijoji- 
Hoe yHHqToaceHie pa6cTBa». B r b Teqenie naTaro nepioAa 6yAerb bbc 
AeHO «HapoAOiipeACTaBJieHie, CaMOAepacaBHaa B^acTb orpaHHqHTca t eo 
He TaKT» KaKt bx AHrjiH h bo <&paHDJH h np., — y Hacx OHa b^ . ,,t 
AOJiacHa 6uTb CHJibnte: MorymecTBo, CHJia h BHtniHaH cjiaBa Puccijk 
cero Tpe6yK)rL». TypreHeB'b bt> TaKOM^ Bocroprb otx cBoero upoeKTa, 
qTO, HsjiojKHB'b ero, BOcoHi^aeT'b: «Bo»eI kotah a bto HaaByyBHHyN 
Bo BpeMa cocTaBjieHin bthx^ npoeKTOB^ H. TypreHeBy ou^io 
26 jitTi,, h ott> qejioBtKa, OKonqHBmaro yHHBepcHTeTCKifl Kypci> bt» 

cA'feJiaHU TOJibKO npaBHTejibCTBOM'b. CJi^AOBaTejibHO. ecjiH oho ae aaxoinr-ti 
hxt» A*JiaTb, to bc* njiaHU npeAaDTCff orHio^. 



0?EPKU H3Tb HCTOPIH HRE& AEKABPHCTOBT*. 121 

Poccih i! npocHyniaBinaro KpoMt Toro jewta rerrHHreHCKHX'b npo- 
$eccopoB^-K)pncTOB^, mohcho 6hjio 6bi, noBHAHMOMy, oaH^aTb q«ro- 
HH6yAb fiojite sptjiaro, 6ojite ptmHTejibHaro. Ho oqeHb bo3Mo«ho, 
qTO HiieHHo npeSbiBame wb TepMaHiH, soiopaa TOJibKO nro HaqnRajia 
bt> 8to BpeMii BBOAHTb KOHCTHTyaiOHHLitl cTpoit ■), 3acTaBHJio TypreaeBa 
AyMaTb, qTO ycTaHOBjieHie HapoAHaro npeACTaBHTejibCTBa He Taitoe 
JierKoe Aiuo, KaK-b bto Kasa.iocT. OpjOBy m rpa$y ^MiirpieBy-MaMo- 
aoBy. «IIyHKTu npenoAaBaeMaro bo BHyTpeHHeMT* OpAeHt yqeHia> 
apjiMO HaqHHaioTca ct> toto, qTO caMOAepacaBHaa BjacTb bo mho- 
raxb OTHomeHiflX'b orpaHHqHBaeTca BJiacTbRi ceHaia. Kairb aoctht- 
ayTb BToro orpaHH^eHifl, — Hefiujio CKa3ano btl npoeKT* hh cjiobb, 
h [cpeACTBa ocymecTBJieHia rocyAapcTBeHHaro nepeBopoTa BHHCHa- 

JlECb TOJibKO B'b liepeilHCK'b MOKAy JjMHTpi^BHM'b-MaMOHOBblM'b H 

OpjBOBWM'b (cm. nH«eX — TypreneB'b acn npeAnojrarajrL, qTo6u Ha- 
poAHoe npeACTaBiiTejibCTBO HtcKOJibKO orpaHHqHjio caMOAepKaBit 
aHnib qepea'b 20 jrbrb, nocjii npoBeAenia paAa pe^opM'b — hbahhih 
HOBMxt aaKOHOBi*, npeofipaaoBaHia ynpaB.ieHia n <J)aHaHC0B , b h rjran- 
hhmt> oSpasoMT. yHaqToacema KptnocTHoro npaBa. IJpaBAa, paH*^, 
*Awb TypreneB'b Ha6pocajrb cboh npeAno-ioacema, a hmohho bt> kohij* 
anptjia 1815 roAa, 6mjih y»e orjaineHW B'b BapmaBt ochobh nojib- 
cKofi KOHCTHTyuin, ho ecjw ohh n&mv 6hjih H3B'bcTHw TypreHeBy 
OHi) Morb nojiaraTb H'b to Bpeiia, mto HMnepaTopii A.neKcaHAP'b ho 

HaXOAHTTb B03M0JKHHM'b HOMeAJieHHO CA'kiaTB TO JKO J[JIS PocdH, qTO 

ptiDHjrb OTHocHTe.ibHO TTo.ibuiiT, j'A* bt> repuorcTB'fc BapmaBCKOMT, y»e 
cymecTBOBajia KOHCTHTyuia h 6hjio yHHqToraeHo B'b 1807 r. KptnocT- 
Hoe npaBo. IIpaBAa, to h Apyroe Ghjio BhinojineHO HanojieoHOin, 
secbHa HeyAOBjieTBopHTe;ii,H(» (specTbaHe nojiyqujiH mubKo JinqHym 
cBo6oAy 6e3i> 3eMjiH), ho xoth, Kairb yBHAHMi* HH»e, y TypreHPBa 

B'b 9T0 BpOMa MPJIbKaJia MMCJIb HeofixOAHMOCTH AaTb 3eMJIK) EpeCTb- 

aaaM'b npH ocboGojkacfuh, oin» bobcp fie 6wji r b ydtaAeHb ht^ 3tomj> 
HacTOJibKo, qTofibi ho AonycnaTb h 6e33eMejibHaro hxt. ocBofioacAGHia. 
CpaBHHBaa c'b npeAnojioaceHieM'b TypreneBa MHCib Opjiosa h rpa$a 
^MHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa oO'b yqpesAeHin AByxcoi^b HacjitACTBeHHbix'b 
napoBTb, BXOAantHX'b wh cocTaBt ceHaTa m-b TBicaqa qjieHOB'b. ta* 
ocrajibHue 6ujih aojijkhu 6htl bu6ophumh, mm bha^h, qTO Me«Ay TtiTb 
saKHb OpjiOB'b h f HMHTpieB , b-MaMOHOB'b Tpe6oBajiH HaAtJiema cBoarK 
aepoBi. yA*JiaMH, cocToamHMH iianb ropoAOB*b h noMtcTift, TypreHeBi. 
eTaBHjfb, Hao6oporb, ycjiOBieMi) una. AOCTH»ceHia 3Baaia napoBx 0Traai> 

OTb BJiaAtHlfl KptllOCTHLIMH JIIO^bMH. 

BosBpan^aacb kt> coAepsaniK) ^llyHKTOBi, npenoAaBaeMaro bo 
BHyTpeHReM^ opAeH* yqeHia», mm bbahm^ bt> hext* ABoaKaro poAa 
apeAJioaeHia: oahh— nojie3HH am Poccin a pyccttaro HapoAa, a xotb 
BOBce He paspaSoTaHHbia noApo6Ho, ho bco se aBJuuoniiaca Bupaaxe- 

•) KoHCTHTynia bt> repijorcrB* HaccaycKOMi» BBOAeHa bi» 1814 roAy 
r«pBHRyci T. II, 543-544. 



122 H. CEMBBCKlfi. 

Hieirt nporpeccHBHbixx cTpenureHift jyqmeli iacTH pyccKaro ofiraecTBa, 
Apyrie, HanpOTHB'B, coBepnieHHO peaKijioHHbie. Bra, ABoflcTBPHHOCTi* 
cKaauBajiacb yace wb cajnoirb ycTpoflcTBt ceHaTa, ROTopwfl AojaceHt 
6hjtb orpaHiiqHTb caMOAepscaBHyH) BJiacTb: 800 bu6ophhxt> qjiPHOBi. 

BBOAHJIHCb B'b Hero Ijf>HOK) HaAfcjieHitf flByXCOl'b HaejiACTBeHHUXTi 

HdpOB^ ropo^aMH h noMtcTbflMH *) ^ajite: opAeHy, qjieHOB'b KOTopar© 
cocTaBHTeJiH npoeirra npei-iarajm HaaBaTb PbmapaMH Pycrsaro Kpecra, 
jojhkhh 6ujih, no npHMtpy TeBTOHCKHXi puijapeft, CbiTb AapoBana 

H6 TOJIbKO KptllOCTH («<|>0pTeitfH»), HO H «nOMtCTbfl H BeMJIIU, 

t. e., oh^bhaho, spmjih, HacejieHHbjfl h HeHaceJieHHua. A MPHCAy rbir* 
n% rhxt we «nyoKTaxx» ynoMHHajocb o6t> «ynpa3AHeHiH pa6«*TBa 

B , bPpCCiH».Hy3KH0 BaMtTHTb BnpOieM'b, 1TO J^awe TaKOfl npOTHBHHKl 

saKOHOAaTejibHaro orpaHaqeHia KptnocTHoro npana, KaKHMT> 6ujr* 
Mopabuhobtj, B'b HMtHiaxii, KOTopufl ofl'b npeAJiarajrb noaajnBan* 
«eHaM , b ero «rocyAapcTBeHHofi .BjMbi*, . Aonyc«ajn> BeobMa cyme- 
cTBeHHHa orpaHHHeiiifl npaB'b Bwfcjihua, a HMenHo KpecibflHe aojukhh 
6ltih njiaTHTb eMy ofipoirb, a He OTObiBaTb 6apmuHy, bo BjaAtHU 
KpecTbflirb cocTOH.ia oiipeAiwieiiHan qae/rb 3PMejib h iiyroB-b h, HaicoHem>, 
ohh MOOH BWKynaTbca Ha CBo6ojiy 3a Ha3RaqeHHyio saKOHOirb 
luraTy. CocTaBinejiH nyHKTOB'b «e BXOAflTb hw bi> KaitiH iioapoShocth 

OTHOCJJTeJIbHO TOrO, KaKHMT* 06pa30MTi paOCTBO A0J3KH0 6bIJI0 6blTb 
yHH^TOffieHO B'b PocciH 2 ). 

113* qacjia nporpeccHBHbix'b Mi5pT> npeAJorceHHbix'b B'b «IlyHKTax*», 
•TMiiTHM'b cjitAyromia: BBeAeHie «BO-ibHaro KHuroneqaraHia*, t. e. cjo- 
6oah ueqaTHaro cjiOBa, «neqaTaHie h ooHapoAOBaHie attT0B*b ceHaTa*, 
BOJibHaa npoAasa BHHa ii cojh h ynpa3AHeriie BHHHaro omyna, yiieHk- 
meHie nucjia MOHacTbipefl, «yjiyqmeHie cocTOHHin co.iAaTa», HaAtJeHie 
*eioeiQ cojiAarb, BucjiyHCHBiHHX-b ypoqHue roAH, h AapoBame hm* 
ibrorb h npHBHjierifi, cb oGasaHHOCTbro o6pa6aTbiBaTb AaHHua seiUH 8 ), 



*) ITpeAJiarajiacb, BnpoHeMT,, h BooGuje pasAaia HeHacejieHHUxi> acne** 
^tftCTHUM-b JiHnaMT> .no rocyAapcTBeHHbiM-b yBaHceHiaMi>*. 

8 ) Bt> sanHCKax-b AeKadpHcra C I\ BojiKOHCKaro ecrb Tanoe R3B-BCTi*: 
B'B 1815 r. M. OpjiOBT> ^ocTaBHJi-b ajtpecb kt> iimq. AjieKcaH4py o6i> yHHi- 
TOweHin KptnocTHoro npaBa B'b PocciH, noAnHcaHHLift TorAa mhophmh H3i> 
■ppBeHCTByioiuHX-b cjiyace6HuxT> i niHOBHHKOB , b; KaKi> a > T 3Hajn> BnocjrBACTBiH. 
6ujih TaMi> HMewa Kim3a H-uiap. Bac. BacHJib4HK0Ba, rp. BopoaaoBa h Bjij- 
AOBa". 1138*0116 aTO a cjHTaio BecbMa coMHHTejibHHM-b: a^pecb, cocTaBJieH- 
Hbift OpjioBbiMb, lie TOJibKO ,ao chxt> nopi> ne HafiAeni> f HO HeMT> H Hft 
ynoMHHaerb hiikto, icpOM* HojiKOifCKaro. He ynoMiijiaerb o neMT> h OpjfOB-b 
m> rBoeMb noKasaHin, h, BBpoaTHO, BojiKOHCKift 6bun> BBe^eifb bt> 3a6jiy»CA^ 
aie nosAH'BftinHM'b (1820 r.) ajj.pecoMT>, noAnncaHHhiMT> rpa$0MT> M. C. Bo- 
poHnoBWMt, H. B. BacHJibHUKOBbiM-b, rp. noTomcHMt, KH. BaseMCKHMl, 
SpaTbaMH H. h A. TypreHeBUMH h ^p. 

8 ) 3to, KoneHHo, 6biJio bo3mo»ho JiHinb npn coKpameHin cpoica cJiyxCM 
m A^RcTBHTejibHOMi* yjiyHineHiH duTa cojiAaTT>, Tain> KaKT> npw 25-t»-ji BTeet 

JWMICB H »eCTOKOfl MyiUTpOBK-fe OHH o6|JKH0BeHHO nOJiy4aJIII OTCTaBKy JIHIBfc 

■ocji* coBepuieHHQfi yTpaTH chjii> h cuocoohocth kt> TaKOMy TaacejEOiijr 
TpyAy* KaKT> seMJiczj-BJiie. 



OWU H8T» hctopih hakB xbkabpugtob^. 123 

yiptflcxeHie HHBajrHAHHX'b jOMOBTb B'b Mockb*, IleTepCyprt, KieBt, 
Part, Ojecc* h KaaanH, OTKpbirie «KajKAOMy nyiefi aa.ioBaTbca Ha 
HparhcHeHia ry6epHCKHXi HaqajibCTBT** h HtKOTopua Apyria. 

Mtpu oTHOCHTejibHO npocBtmeHia, npeAJiaraeiiHH cocTaBHTciaMM 
«njHKTOBx», 6ujih flOBOjibHo Hejitnu; obh coBtryioni ynpa^AHHTb 
«xeHyxHue yHHBepcHT6Tu» h yqpeAHTb bmIjcto Hiixt, h npn tomt* 
TOJibKO bt» MocKBt h EeTepSyprfc, oocepBaTopin, CoiaHnqecKie ca^ti, 
iy6iH<iHiifl 6u6jiiOTeKH, JiaSopaTopin, SBtpHHiibi, Earn 6vato B<vfc bth 
y*pe»Aema MoriH saMtBHTb yHHBepcHTeTM. Dpe^-iOHceHie 3to mojkho 
me onpaB^aTb, a pa3B* ao HtKOTopofl deneHK ofrbacHHTb HecoBepmeH- 
tTBOM'b Tor^amHHX'b Hainnx-b BucinHX'b saBeaeHitf. Ha»6ojite CHiina- 

TH1HHMH flJIH aBTOpOB'b yqe6HMMK BaBeAeHlHMH, 0'ieBHAHO, aBJIHK)TCH 

iwrcfcie sopnyca, npH qeirb cBepx-b cymeciByiomHX'b 3aBeAemfi aioro 
poja jja ABopaHii npeA-narajiocb yqpeAHTb TaiciH JKe h ajih Mimaa r b, 
a xpoirt Toro KaBajiepiflcKia htko.™, Kain> bo 4>paHijiH. B'b «BoeH- 
iurb» (?) ropoAaxT> (6biTb Moaeerb, bx TaK.uxT>, r^t cocpeA<vroqHBajiocb 
MHoro BoflcKt hjih HM'feiomHX'b 3Haqeme Kptnocrefi) npeAJiarajiocb 
yipea^eBie nojrHTexHHqecKHX-b niKoax, H3*b kotophx'l ycirfcinao yqa- 
■Ueca Moria nocTynaTb B'b KaAeTcirie Kopnyoa *). 

Mti bha^jh, q*ro B-b cBoein* noRa3aniH OpjOBT* roBopm-b o 6opb64 
ra j[hxohmctbom^, Eatcb o6i> OAHoi! m-b rjiaBHwxT> ivkieii npeAnoio- 
aeHBaro hm*& oSnjecTBa, ho yKasaHnoe B'b «nyHKTaxT>» cpeACTBO 
61110 6oite qiurb Hejrfcno. HpeA-iarajiooT, ^cnopoe 2 ) HaKa3aHie jihxo- 
mcTBa caiepTbio hjih ToproBOio Ka3HbK)» (t. e. rkiecHoe HaKaaaHi© 

EHyTOMl HJIH MeTbMH). Kt> qHCJy OTpHU.aTejIbHblX'b CTOpOH'b IiyHKTOBT. 
•THOCHTCfl yBKifi Han,iOHaJIH3MT> MXT> aBTOpOB'b. HeHaBHCTb MXT> COCTa- 

BHTCJCfi Kb HH03eMuaMT>, 8aenMaioniHMT> altera Ha rocyAapcTBeHHoM 
6jiy3K6t h HMtromHM'L, TaKHMi> o6pa30MT>, BJiiame Ha A^Jia. rocynap- 
GTBeHHHa, TaRT> BejiHKa, qTO ohh npeAJiaraioTb He to.ilko jrHmem© 
hx% TaKoro B.iiaHia, ho h «KOHeqnoe naieHie, a, ecjia bo3mohcho», 
j|a«e «CMepTb». Tanaa Kpaflnaa HeHaBHCTb kx HHOcTpaHijaM'b, coctoh- 
m&wb Ha pyccKofi cjy»64 1 KOTopofi, xoth h bt» ropa3AO iieHbuiefi 
sreneHH, 6ujih ho qy»A^ h HtKOTopue Apyrie AeKaSpacTiJ, BH3HBajiacb 
•rojib ace KpafiHero h HepaayMHOH) npHBepmeHHOcTbK) kt> hhmt> Ajig- 
KcaHApa I, KOTopaa conpoBoacA^Jiacb upeneopeacHTejibHHMf. oTnoine- 

■161111 Kh pyCCKHMl. 

C0CTaBHTeJIH «IlyHKTOB'b» IipOHHKHyTH CaSIHMX aHTHnaTHqHHM'b 

aHTHceMHTHBMOMT): ohh npoA^araiOTTb «nepecejieHie nojioBHHbT mizwh 
l ) IloiiodHO Tony, xaK'b TypreHeBi> cnirrajrb no^eanhiMt AaTi> anaHie napa 

JlBOpjlHHHy, OCB060AHB[Q6My CBOKXt KpeCTbHHT>, TaKT> COCTaBHTeJIH »HyHR- 

tobt»* npeA-narajiH B03BeAQHie bt» abophhctbo Ttxi» Kynnost, KOTopwe yqpa- 
jym B'b Ch6hph (noqeMy-To TOJibKO B'b Ch6hph) .aaBe^eHia. Morymia npii- 
iochtb o6mecTBy nojib3y e«eroAHyio orb 400.000 ao 500X)00 py(5." Ilo hxi> 
iiH^Hiio, 8to aojimcho 6biTb eAUHCTBeHHbiMb cpe^cTBOMT> %&& Kyni;oB , b npiodp-fe 
wru tBJiHie ABop^HUBa. 

f ) KypCHBT. nO^JIHHHUKa. 



124 K. CEMEBCKlfl. 

m-h. MtMi.juH B-b aeHacejieHHUfl* (t. e. Maau HaeeaeHHBia) «ry6epmn 
h oGpautenie uxt> to mpy» l ). Hy«HO flyiiaTb, *rro Tyn» Hirbiocb b*b 
BHJiy ue cBoSoiiHoe. a HacnjibCTBeHHoe nepecejieHie, Tairb Kairb, bo- 
nepabixi,, onpe^tJiflJiocb, KaKafl qacTb eBpeeBT* flojiKHa 6utb nepece- 
lena, a BQ-BTopurb, HaaHaqanHCb, satcb m4cto HOBaro BOflBopemfl, 
MajtOHaco;jeHHua ry6epHiH, kotophmh BBJiflJiHCb, KOHeqno, ittcTHOCTH 
Ha ofcpaHmixi, EBponeiicKofi Pocciii ji bt> CuOnpH, Ky.ua eBpen AajieKO 
ne B'i\vm :jaxoi"bjiH 6w nepecejiHTbca AoSpoBOJibHO, a n p H ycaoBiH 
<)6paiiU'jfiJi iib upaBocjiaBHyio Btpy h HaBtpHO He 3axorbjiH 6u. 

; Kpaflunn pejiurionnafl HeTepnHMOCTb CKa3UBaeTca bt> «nyHKTayB» 
h m> oTHoiueHiii kt> pacKOJibHUKaifb: cocTaBMTejH npoeKTa acejiaiorb 
«HCTpefwieHin» ne tojbko cpacKO.ua cKonnpB-b*, ho h «BcbxT> pacao- 
jiobi>», OTmpraiomHX'B itepKOBHufi 6paKT>. IIo/^ «HCTpe6jieHieM , b», 
soHeqno, ifpaxoAHTGH pasywhTb caMoe cypoBoe npecjrh,n,OBaHie. 

Mm >m i yKasuBajiH paHie Ha to, *ito coeraBHTejiH «DyHKTOBX» 
uponoBt ihjBnjiH BHyTpeHHH)io h BHtoiHK)K) nojiHTHKy B^ ayxt KpaflBsro 
flaitfoHajiHaiia h uiOBHHH3na. Ohh ace.aa.iH He mubKo OKOHqaTejibHaro 
«BCTpe6jJCHiB» HMeHH IlojibiUH h KopojieBCTBa UojibCKaro 2 ), HO H 
flpHcoe.iHBPHiji K'b Poccifl upyccttofi h aBCTpificKofi UojibfflH, a Taoce 
Beiirpiii, OepGiH h Bctxi* cjiaBBHCKHXT> HapoflOBTb; npeanojiarajiocb b 
jpyroe, mM» ate HeJierKoe a^o, HBTHanie TypoK-b nai EBponu s ), a 
BoacTaBOBiieHHRH nocjrfc Toro rpeqecrifl peciiyfijiHKH aojkhu 6mjih 
oocTOBTb noA'h HOKpoBHTejihCTBOMT> PocciH. Ha Brim rpaHHijax'b 
Pocriw Hamn OTBaaHwe hojihthkh cqarajiH HeoSxoflHMbiMTi «BcerAa 
cojjeparaTb bt» nojraoirb KOMnjieKrh apMiro, a bt> BajiTificKOM-b h 
^epHOM-s Mopax'b h bt> ApxnneJiarfe $jiotm». IIocTpoeHie raBaHH npa 
fcn/k Anypa Taose Morjio BH3BaTb cepbe3Hbia BHtniHifl aaTpyjj- 
aeHiH, ocoSeHHO nocjii HenpHHflTia bt» 18o6 r. KHTafieKHirb npaBH- 
rejihCTBosn, Haniero nocojibCTBa. H 8thmt> He orpaHHqaBajiHCb no- 
jiHTH<vecKiB $aHTa3ia cocTaBHTejiefi «IIyHKTOB'b»: ohh acejiajiH npa- 
*;oe^HHenjji HopBeriH k^ PocciH, nepeceJieHia «rpeHJiaH40B'b» m> 
CuoMpb (fieyb coMHtHiB, ^o6poBOJibHaro, no npHMtpy apyrnxt hho- 
*;TpaHHi.i.\'b KOJiOHHCTOB'b), h jwxG «coqHHeHifl npoeKTa euzodnou boAhh 
«pOTHB r b oepciam. h BTopaceHia bt. Hhaik)» 4 ). 

Bi, 1H15 r. OpjiOBi* yqacTBOBajrb bt> noxo^t, BU3BaHHOM , b bos- 
BpanieHifMij HanojieoHa cb ocTpoBa 9.ib6bi; ao 3-ro ce&Ta6pfl btoto 
rojia oH'b ^aHHMajnb «0Ji3KH0CTb HaqajbHHKa mTa6a 7-ro ntx. Kopnyca. 

l ) KyjKHBT> DOAJIHHHHKa. 

*) nocifeAHee ynoMHHaHie noKaaHBaert, hto ^nyHRTH* oKOHqaTejibHO 
(iocTEB^eubi ue paHte anp-fejin 1815 ro^a. Bt> 6oji-fee no3AH6MT> npoeicrb Rim- 
rpieaa-MaMOHQBa bi> HHCJi'b ^jighobt* najiaTu eejibMOHCb mu Haxo^HBfb, OAHaso, 
^npeACTaBHTejsefl IJapcTBa IlojibCKaro* (cm. HH«e). 

3 ) Co6opii rpenecKRX'b naTpiapxoBT> h rpeKO-poccifiCKHXi* MHTponojiHTOB'b 
^oJimeHb 6hun> 6aarocjiOBHTb Op^em, Ha 6paHb npoTHB-b HeB'bpHbix'b. 

*) Toe. Apx. I, B. J£ 15, ji. 48 06 51 06.; HaaeqaTaHo bi> khhpb, HBAaH. 
ao^t peA A- K. BoposAHHa: „H8i> nncewb h noKaaaHift Aeica6pacTOB , b a f hsa- 
M. B. riH[Ki^KOBa, Cn6. 190B r. t dp. 145—148. 



^ 



01EPKH m r b HCTOflrt bflflb ^EKABPHCTOBTi. 125 

Bt 8to BpPMfl ct hhjtb nosHaKOMoca bo <J>paHijiH H. TypreHest H, 
Moaerb Quit, ero npeanojioaceHia o6t ycfaHOBjieHiH napoBt 6hjm 
peayjibTaTOM'b cnopoBt ct OpjioBMMt, xoth kohc i iho ohh MorjH Curt 
HaBtflHu h KOHCTHTyuioHHOH) xapiieH) JIlOAOBBKa XVIII 1814 r. Bt 
HOKaaaHiH ceflaiopa CTapuHKeBHia o6t OpjiOB* ecrb yKasaaie, ito 
aocjit noxo.ua bo <&paHn,iK) Bt 1815 roAy OHt ocTaBajica Bt Qa- 
pBark ao ceHTfl6pfl 1816 r., ho 3to HeBtpHO. Bt 1815 roAy 
OpjoBt, KaKt bhaho H3i> ero naceMt Kt kh. Ahap. K. Pa3y- 

MOBCKOMy, JKHJIt H^KOTOpOe BpOMfl Bt AHrjriH, HO Sarfclttt onait 

iprfexajit Bt HapHarb. OrapuHKeBHTb roBoparb, qxo 3Atcb OpjiOBt 
«saHHHajicfl jiuTepaTypoft u MareeTH3M0Mt», MHoro qHTaat 06% 
Asin h oco6eHHO o6i» llnjyw, «KOTopaa Tor^a npeHMymecTBeHHo ero 
iHTepecoBajia». Y Hero 6uBajn> B03BpaTHBmiflca h3t> Mhai'h h npo- 
auBinifi TaMTi okojio 10 jitrb CTapaKt-<j>paHny3t MopeHact, KOTopwfi 
roTOBHji'b Bt 8to Bpeita Kt neqaTH coqHHeHie: «06t HHltffiCKHXt 
tacTaxt, hjh nncbMa c6t HHAycaxt*, BbuneAmee Bt cstrb Bt 
1822 r. OpjOBt HMtBinifi oieHb xopouiee cocroaHie *), saaaMajca no- 
ijnuoE) CTapux-b KapTHHt h Bpamajica Bt caMOMt apHCTOKpaTHie- 
•KOSfb oSmecTBi: OHt 6biBajit y KHaraHH BojiKOHCKofi, ypowieHHoft 
Btiocejibc&ofl, 6biBajn> y pyccRaro nocjiaHHHKa, 3HaK0Mt 6ujit ct 

MOCJiaHHHKaMH aHrJlifiCKHMt, niBeACKHlfb H ^aTCKHMTi, Ct BHKOHTOMt 

CersopoMT,, poACTBeBHHKOMt 6biBiuaro nocjiaHHHKa HanoaeoHa Bt 
Pocccin KojeeKypa. Ho ito OpjiOBt Be.it He HcoroqaTejibHo cb-bt- 
•kjk) scasHb, a HHTepecoBajica h 6oJite cepbe.3HtJMn npeAMeiaMH, 
ihaho H3t Toro, qTO bt> ^eBpajit 1816 r. OHt Gnat HsftoaBt qjie- 
loicb o6mecTBa HawajibHaro oopaaoBama Bt Ilapiiffct. IlHTepect kt. 
MarHeT»3My h Hhaih HaxoAHTca, oqeBHAHO, Bt cbh3h cb ero n.iaHaMH 
•611 yqpe»AefliH OSmecTBa PyccKHxt PuaapeM. Hro 3HaKOMCTBa 
Opiosa fit IlapiiHct He orpaHiiqHBajiHCb Ha3BaHHUMu CTapuHKeBH- 
icifb jiaqaMH,— mowho npeAnojiaraTb Ha ocHOBaHia cioBt caMoro 
Opjiosa vb nHCbM* Kt hmq. HaKOJiaio H3t Mockbh oxt 12 AeKaSpa 
1825 roAa, Ha Apyrofl a^hb nocjit ero apecia: «Eme Bt 1816 roAy», 
roBoparb OpjioBt, «KorAa npitxajit a H3t qywHxt KpaeBt, no- 
lara-iH, ^to a bo $paHd,iH ycTpoajit cBa3b ct TaMouiHHMH B03Myni- 
rejiaMii». 

YjKe 6eljio npHBeAeHO pafffce noica3aeie OpjioBa ero imcbM-fe Kt 
AaeKcaHApy I Bt 1815 r. ct npoTedOMt lipomBt BoscTaHOBJieHia 
IIojibniH, KOTopoMt rocyAapb y3Bajt h KOTopoe Bti3Bajio ero rfltBt 2 ), 

*) Bt 1822 r. ont caut oivfeaHBajn* CBoe cocToaHie Bt 1.290.000 p. ace. 
M. 0. repraeH30Ht .CeMba AeKa6pHCT0Bf. ^Buaoe" 1907 r. JS6 10, 
•Tp. 317. 

•) Kh. AnaMt HapTopucKifi nacajit hmu. AjieKcaHApy H3t BapraaBbi wh 
1815 roay: w Ct HtKOToparo BpeMOHH a BnojiH* y6-BA«aca, hto Bt Ilerep- 
fyprfc ycTpoHJiocb h-bhto Bt poA* otfmecTBa, rjiaBaaa ix-fejib KOToparo cocTOHTt 

Wb DpOTHBOA'bfiCTBiH BaMtpeHiilMt B. B-Ba OTHOCHTeJIbHO IlOJlbUlH. -3to 

•4m«CTBO nocjiajio ck>a& H^KOTopbixt JiHnt h, Ka5K6Tca, iTO n,ecapeBaHt* 



12ft B. CEMEBCKIlf. 

Hojaran, *ito nojbCKia BJiiflHia oAepreHBaRyrb Bepxt bi yirfe rocyaap* 
(oht* aaEJiouaJTb 06'b dtom^ h3t> o6pa30Baaia oco6ofl qactu BoiicK.a 
noA"b Ha;jBaHteMT» jiHTOBCKaro Kopnyca *) h, npHnacwBas aro AbflcT 
■in In. [[u^bCKaro Tafinaro ofimecTBa, KOTopoe cymecriiyurb ( irpi*- 
flasjiflerb O^jtob-b bt» CBoean* lmcbMt Kt hmii. HHKOJiaK)), on^ saAy- 
Ma.ii> ko BcbMT) npeacHHArb cbohmt> npe^aojioaceHiflMi npHcoeA»H*i?ii 
npoTHBOfffeficTBie «nojibcttofi CHCTeMi» h npoTHBonocTaBMrb noit- 
cKOMy— pyccEoe TafiHoe o6mecTBo, KOTopoe, cjit^oBaTejibRo yne »e- 
Morjio 6biTb npeacTaBjieHO Ha yTBepacAeHie rocyAapa, Karb aro oht> 
ErpeAnojfarajUt cA^jiaTb ct» oGmecTBuM'b, 3aAyMaHHbm'& b^ 1814 roay* 
t3ruirb aaBiiMajic^ OpjioB'b, no ero caoBawb, bt> 1816 h omacTH b^ 
1817 ruAy, BM-fecT* cb rp. ^MHTpieBbiMT* MaMOHOBUMT), ho hxt> npeA- 
nojiOHkpRin acTajHCb He ocymecTBJieHHbiMH h 6ijjih BCKopt coBepiuena* 
HOKHnyTM JI 1 MiiTpieBbiM , b-MaMOHOBiJM f b «BCJitACTBie ero nyieiuecToifl u 
(lynreeBfifl) fiojrfe3HH>, a OpjioBbiMi, noToiiy ito owb yamxh o cy- 
mecTBiiBafliii Apyroro TaflHaro o6mecTBa. 

TaKHiaii o6pa30M-b He saAOjro ao Toro BpeMenn, KorAa ofipaaoBajicjsr 
(Soim Crwenifl, OpjioB'b h ^MHTpieB^-MaMOHOBi, saAyMa-iucoirraBHT* 
tOfimtxTun PyccKHX'b P*iijapefi» 2 ). Ha cirfeACTBia Opjiom, iiOKaaajrb, 



(KotiCTaHTHmi IIaBJioBH4T>) w pyKOBOAHTca «ro BJiiHHieMT> bt> cboghii aoBeA&- 
»iH + KOToparo oht> AepacaJica h AepacHTea enje Tenepb, Ha^^act Talcum* 
QfipaaoM'fc npio6p-feCTH nonyjiapHOCTb. 3to o6iuecTBO npHroToanao npeacTa- 
BJieiae oTHocHTeJibHO Ilojibnin, KOTopoe aojijkho Cmjio 6biTb nocjiaao Ffc 
B-wy Bey**. HanaBinaaca BoflHa (cb OpaHnjofl bt> 1815 r.) .OTR-ieKJia &T8XSI 
KpaMOJihHMKODii, h coB'BTbi H'BKOTopbix'b 6\jiaropa3yMHbix'b JIK),V ri QDUilUiajLH 
Hcno^apHiio aroro npoeKTa". BuTb Moaeerb 3to naB'bcTie gthochtcji n> 
noDWTKli M. 6. OpjioBa. 

l ) flKymKiiHb, ccbuiascb Ha pa3CKa3*b canioro OpJioaa, roBopHTt: .Kor^a 
o,iTj;j;l-i'k:i-. ji iu iiCTHhiMi> HaMijpeHie hmu. AjieicoaHApa o6paaoBaTb trnrluthBuA 
jujtubckiH ropnycb h, OA'bBinH ero bt> nojibCKift MyHAHp'b, AaTb ewy jihto&- 
CKiw fiiiaMPBa, HaM'BpeHie 9to B03MyTHJio MHorHXT> HauiHXT> renepajiont h ohh 
cor*naf:HJTncb ueHCiiy co6oh no^aTt nucbMeHHoe npe^CTaBJieHio HMaepaTopy, 
Wh ii'ijr ipoMi* ohh H3JiarajiH Becb BpeA*b, Morymift nponaoHTH on- o^paaoBaBiJi 
#TAt).ii ii;iro jiMTOBCKaro Kopnyca, h yMOJiajiu HMn^paTopa He npiiBtuuiTb nb 
acaojiHCHie cnoero HaarBpeHia, ctojlb naryCuaro rjui Poccih. Bii Hiicjiii reaa- 
pa-iQBi> f eor^acHBmnxca noAnncaTb sto npe^cTaBJieHie, dbijit rcHepaji'^- 
aA'T'iOTaBT'b BacnabHHKOBT>* (ct> 1H17 r.), HaiajibHiiiCb TBapAeficKaro Kopnyca, 
OhTi Hrnyrajica co6cTBeHHofl CBoeft cm*bjiocth h, npHmeAiiiH K'b HwnopaTopy 
ct pacKaHBieMii, npocajii y Hero npomeHia bt> tomt*, hto BaAyMa^t nfOTjm'b 
Rem neAoOpoe, Ha3Bajn> bcbxt* cboiix'b coo6mHHKOBi> h pa^cKa?aJii> aoe 
A*-no T B-b KOTopoM-b rjiaBHUMi* no6yAHTejieMT> ObiJib OpjiOBT> T Hanac*aemrtt 
canoe opeAfcTaBJieHie. TocyAapb noTpe6oBaji'b K'b ce6*B Opjioea, BaQOMHaJit 
Dpewiifie K'b iieuy 6jiaroBOJieHie h cnpocHJH, KaKT> Morb oht> ptmHTbea A&&- 
CTaoeaTb npoTuBT> Hero. OpjioB'b CTajii* yBBpaTb HMnepaTopa bt* cauefl in* 
aeaiy npeaatiHQCTH. TyT*b HMnepaTop'b paiCKaaajib HOAP06HO Bee A*Jio* 
lawbim/iaeiioe reHepaJiaMH, h npiiicaaajrb OpjiOBy npHHecTH k% BeMy npeA- 
CTaBJienie, nncaHHoe kt> HeMy on» HueHH reHepajiOBT*. OpjioBb oti Beero 
oTpeKca, docjl-b 4ero HMnepaTop'b pascTaAca HaBcerAa cb npe^uiiM-b caoiiMt 

■> Mu BHA'feJiH H3*b w riyHKTOBT» HpenoA&BaeMaro bo BHyTpeBieu'b OpJicn* 



OHKPKH Htt'B HCTOPIH MflKfl flEKABUUTOB'L. 12T 

to* naiitpeme yqpeaHTb TaKoe ofimecTBO He 6wjio ocymecTBJieHO, Ha 
Bonpoct ace, — «kto ^jiphu o6mecTBa?» OTBtqajn>: «Hhkto, h6o He 

B03WMtjO fltftOTBlfl. PaSBt MOJKHO Ha3BaTb MJieHaMH MaMQHOBa, H 

neHH, h eme HnKo:iaH TypreneBa, K-vropoMy a o ceM'L roBopH-rb [b* 
1817 ro^y, ho KOTopufl Tonia Hame-nt mmcjib aiy HeocynjecTBHMoro. 
Ha Bonpoci, o npaBHJiax'b hjih RaKOHaxt oSmecTBa OpiOBT, otb%- 
iajn», qio nacKOjibKo oh'b Moacerb BcnoMHHTb, 6bijiii cocvraBJieHbr, hjik 
lyqme CKaaaTb Haqara Tpa rpa^yca npuHJiTifi, coBepiueHHO MacoHH- 
^ecKie, BuSpaHHue *JacTbio h3t> «AyxoBHaro Pbiaapa* *), a qacrbK) 
H3T> cTaTyTOBT> xpaMOBHHqecTBa o6bittHOBeHHaro 2 ). CiH Tpa rpa^yca 
im1>jih HtKOTopyio nocTeneHHocTb h /iaBa:iH qyBCTBOBaTb, qTO TpyjiaMH, 
HOBHHOBPHieMT> h npuBepaceHHOCTbio Heo^iirb Moacerb COBpeMeHeM'b 
y3HaTb atjib cero opjieHa... Kpoarb cero owjib erne cocTaBjien-b ycTas-b, 
coBepinenuo iroAo6ehifl ycTaBy TaMruiepnivb*, Op.iOB'b npn6aBHJTb, qTO 
Bee, ito 6hjio y Hero no 9 r rowy npe^weTy, npe/jaHo «3aoBeHiK) sl 
qthv) <vb 1818 roAa». Ha ocHOBanm 6yMan>, jI,MHTpieBa-MaMOH0Ba 
Moarao 8aKjK)qnTb, hto OpaoB'b oqeiib cMarMii.Tb xapaKTepT> sa^yMaH- 
Haro hmh o6n;ecTBa h He bhojih* tohho yaaaajt HCioqHHKH hxt> 

TpyflOB'b. 

IlHCbMa ^MHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa Ha (JpaHnyBCKOM-b flaunt, coxpa- 
HHBiuijica bt, ero 6yMaiaxT>, 3HaqHTe;ibH0 BbiacHfliorb ero Mipoco3ep- 



yfeHifl", *ito Tor.ua puijapeft op#eHa upemiojiarajiocb HaaBaTb Pbii^apflMH 
PyccKaro KpecTa*. 

*) Op.iom> n- acHHjn>, hto .flyxoBHbifi PbiixapiA- nenaTHoe coHHHeme, 
,Ka5KeTca", Hb. B-ia^. Jlonyxuna, HaxoAHmeoca bt> npoAaacfe y bcbxt> khhto- 
■poAaBneBT>». Ho CTen^HH, BbipH6oTaHHwa MaMonoBhiMT>, coBepiueHHO He Ha- 
DOMHHaioTT> 3to np0H3Be,aeHie Jlonyxuiia. Ilepnoe H.^auie KHiiru .AyxoBHbii 
Pbioaph, hjih Hiuymifl npeMy^pocTH - 6791, t. e. I7i)l r. (6e3T» HMeHii aRTopa 
■ u-BCTa genaTaHia) xpaHHTca bt> ny6\iHHHoft 6n6jiioTeK , B l Kaicb 6ojibiuaa 

p-feAKOCTb, BT> BHTpIIH'B. BblJIO 61116 BTOpoe m:iaHie 3T0fl KHHTH nOAT* H4- 

CKOJibKO H3M-BHeHHbiMT> sarjiauieMi): w ZtjXoSoXo;, HCKaTejib upeMy^pocTt 
hjih JlyxoBHbifi- Pbiuapb". A. Cy poBi;e bt>. .H. B. JIonyxiiHT>". „B1*cth. 
BceM. Hct." 1900 r. M 4, cTp. TO. 

*) HoBbiexpaMOBHHKH bo Opaimin (Chevaliers de Tordre du temple), %pe- 
TeHnyioiuie Ha npoucxoacAeHie ott> TaMnjiiepoBi*, B-b cymHocTH Beayrb cbog 
HaTajio ott> napnaccKofl jiomch Chevaliers de la croix, bt> KOTopofl bt» 1805 r, 
ABHJiacj,. Mucjib, y»ce h paafee npe5K4e Hcnojif,30BaHHafl, o B03o6HOBJieHiH 
^Taparo TaMiuiiepcTBa. Bt> 181 L r. ohh npouo3rJiacnjiH HOBbie CTaTyTbi h sa- 
HBHJiH napH)KCKOMy "BeJiiiKOMy BocTOKy, KOTopoMy npeacHaa Jio3Ka 6biJia no,n 
iHHeHa, tto opA''H r b TawnJiiepoBT* He HaxoA»Tca hh bt> KaKofi cbhsh ct> Ma- 
coHCTBOM-b. Cm. Allgemeines Handbuch der Freimaurerei, Leipz. 18B.\ n, 
411—417 h Manuel des chevaliers de l'ordre da temple Paris. 6^0 (1816 — 7). 
Bt> »Toft khht-b Me3Kiiy npoHH\n> Ha3Bana bt» hhcji-b BejiHKHX-b npiopcTBi> op- 
AeHa— Puccifl hjih MocKOBia, paaA'feJiaroiuaHCH Ha OKpyra: HHrpiio, /lBHHy(?>, 
JlHBoHiio, MocKBy a CMOJieHCKT> ct» KOMaHAopcTBaMH: IWepeyprb, HoTe- 
^ypn> (?), KoBropoAt, BtJiooaepo, ricKOBi>, Kojia <?), ApxaHreJibCKi>. Bojior^a, 
JTcTiorb, Pura, PeBejib, Hapsa, MocicBa, Poctobt,, CyaAftJib, Betjan (?), 
Bfl3bMa, JIoporo6y3K , b (p. 202). Bt» HapB* Ha3BaHi> h Kasoft-TO KOMaHAopi>, 
fipart K)jilh. 



128 H. <■ K M K B C K I ft. 

ijaflie. Botb hto OHb nucan o khhsr^, cocTaajieHHoft urn.. Rtpo- 
htho, no corjameHiio cb Opjiobhmx: 

W H BeJi'feJi'b HanenaTaTb .Kparaa HacTaBJieHia* ch npufm&AeuixMn 
8to OyjieT-b totobo noca-fe aaBTpa, h a npHnuiio BaMT> Bcfe 8K3o«ri;iflpw 
ft HcnpaBjiHK) cTenenn, npe^ocTaBi/re mhI* bto, npomy Bacb. H B'b ot- 
laiiHiH. hto ^ojiaceHb Gyjiy noKHHyTb Pocciio h rfeMfc Gyay jiHrnea* 
BOSMoacnocTH coo6maTbCH ct> BaMM. H cvieHb paA?> HMfyrb ul saei 
;ijjenTa- Bo3,aBHranTe npopoKoei l ), Gojrfce MorymecTBenHbix?. na CAmax* 
w #* (Wflifc, hIsmij Barai> cJiadbift snopoBbeMT. apyrb". Hepes-bHUeKOJibK* 
HHeft MaMOHOBi> nncajn>: „Bott> h , KpaTKia Hae/raBjieHia" «a BejieH©- 
uoft GyMiirfe. H ca-fejiaab MHoro floGaBJieHift. Hto hh roBopn,— Kor^ 
rtuio cT|vaiiaeTT>, cTpajiaerb h ayma. Ho a jiyMaio, o^HaKo, hto ji npir- 
najn> aTOMy MajieHbKOMy Tpyjiy Becb tott> pa3\rfepT>, bcio Ty eajiy, *, 

rCMll^lOCb CKaaaTb, BCIO Ty V3btCfCan*0Ctnt t KaKJH GblJIH B03M0aCHbb 

j^to Jinfflb BBejxeme. fl B3ajica aa crenenH, a hxt> Bealurb Haue- 
MaraTt; bw yKaaceTe Mirfe B-fcpHbin cnocoGi> fl.ia nepecbuiKH hxt> aaM-b,- 
#to 6y;ieT'b npnxo3Kaa. Bu ace paGoTaeTe bi> rayGnH-fc KaoHHera na^> 
pacnp^iiTiJieHieM'b h yKpaiueHieM-b BHyTpeHHHX'b noKoeB*b. IIoMHirre, 
4T(J HitT, HHX'b HyHCHO ycTpoHTb aaGHpuHrb h He BB-fepaTb nyTeao/iRoft 
K"b neviy hhth— a eaBa He cKaiaJTb— HHKOMy. MH'b Henero npHGammi 
tij Tony* hto a BaMi> HanHcajrb o BameMb TenepeameM-b Tpy;rt±, KaTe- 
tH3HCT> ttOJiHceHT* cocTaBJiaTb TOJibKO o;my raaBy 8Toro Tpyj^a, Owb 
tnJinfeH'b ObiTb nocjrkaHeio rjiaBOK), KpaTKHMT> oGo3pt>HieMT>, c&aTbtMb 
noHTopeiiieM'b Bcero Tpy.ua bt> BHA'fe BonpocoBt h otb-btobt:., htoGh 
^aiipiaTb bck> CHCTeMy GojrBe acHoio h tohhoio. Bw, Moacerb GbiTb, no- 
axaaitTe mh-b bt> BHKy yBejiHHeme MacnrraGa, ho nynruo hIihto eeAtixoe 
KaKoe aaaneHie hm1>h)tt» caMbia npenpacHbia (puAotpai»Mu % cJCtoUBuai 
raK'b, HToGbi hxti mohcho Owjio pa3CMaTpnBaTb bt> MHKpocKonii T ecjia 
«x"b uoMiiCTHTb Ha KapHH3li 3aania, BepxyniKa KOToparo TepneTca b% 
ofljiaKaxTi. Ecjih 6bi a HM-feJii* OeayMHoe caviojiioOie, bt> kotopomt. Meaa 
nGbHajjJOT'b, a He 3KeJiajn> Obi HH4ero JiyHmaro, KaKi> ecaH 6bi eicaaaJm, 
lTo cuteneHU, Komopuji h u30f>pn>Ab t cocmaejAimm cpy6h y gchoghou icaMettt. Ht 
ucTHtia CiepeT-b Bepx-b Hafli> BcfeM^ bt> MoeM-b cyHCfleHia, h a jioJiiKerLb 
;o£jaaTbc«, hto cTeneHH He 6oalie, KaKi> 6e:idih.iywKu, dtbmcniR mpgttmu ivb 
cpauaeHin Ch BaniHM-b Tpy^oMT>, hto CTeneHH ^ojihchw cooopa^oeaTbCft 
c r b B&itttftfb Tpy^oMi*, a He Bairn? TpyiX'b co cTeneH^MH. 8to 3iia<iiiJio 
6bi ^cy^MTb opaa Ha to, htoOm oiitj copa3M"fepaab cboh nojieTi. ci. no- 
leTOMb BopoCba. Hnnero Hlvnb Jierne, KaK"b 8th nycTaHKH pirryaJia u 
'meqQtei^—H eaMb npnroTOB^H) flBa^uaTb jxpyrnx"b, ecaH bu 3axoTiiTe; 
no a hg cKaacy Toro ace o Tpy^, Haaij KOTopwMb bw paOoTa*'T<'; lit 
imchho noTOMy, hto oht> Heco«3M'fepHMo Bbime CTeneHefi no caoe&gy na- 
iKaneHiio, a aceaaji^ 6h AJia Hero jijpyrofi $opMbi, h H3ao»cnTh ero a% 
tiOiipocaxB h oTB'HTax'b, 3HaHnao 6w ero ci>y3HTb, Hii3BecTii epo }{• 
ypobHa Q6%*6AeHifl, npoi}>aMMt>i t HaKoHeu.T>, «amextt3itca. HyacHO HanpoTriBi* 
imiio^FTHTb ero du.ieM.uaMu, a(fiopu.maMu t cacHMaTb, HaKOii-iaTb pa^cyjK;io- 
nia, nacraHBaTb Ha HeoGxoaiiMocTH KOHCTHTyuin, o6i>aBaaTb h jioKa^bi- 
)iaTF*, hto oua Gyaerb nojie3Ha h caaBHa JiHfflb Torfla, ecaH ona iiaoft- 
AeTTj Hirb cpe^bi 0. (op^eHa), hto oHa npoHSBejieT-b fiaaronpiayabia fla- 

MtHOllia JIHmb BT> COOTB'feTCTBiH Vh T'HM'b B.JUflHieM'b, KaKOC Cy^jTt 
HMlH'b pblU.ipn, CT> T'fcM'b, K3K1j OHH Oy^yTT) rpeM^Tb npOTHBTj T»paHlK r 

rpeMbTb npoTHBij 3JioynoTpe6aeHin, rpeMtiTb npoTHB*b noaaKOB"b T B3bi- 
hetu Kb noTOMcray, Kb TliHaM*b lllyftcKHX-b h IloacapcKMX"b of>-b yera- 



! ) KypcHB*b Bes^ii no^AHHHHKa. 



0*IEPICB MBT> HCTOPIH M^Efl AKKABPHCTOB b. 



129 



HOBJieHin aaKOHa cnacenix uav,iu, nocTaBHTb ero nofli oxpaHy bcbxt> 
xpa6pbjx*b jiio^efl Poccia, bc^x-b HCTHHHbiXT> cwhob'b 0Te<iecTBa, CM-fejia 

BMCTaBHTL OpReWb, KSiKb SHaMH 06T>eflHHeHifl, KaKb HpeAMeTb, AOCTOft- 

Hhifi yflHBJieHia, AOCToflHuft Toro, hto6h oht> cocpeAOT04HBajn> bc1j ace- 
aama rpaacMHb h noiTeHie Bcbxb cocaoBift rocynapcTBa, htoGbi oht> 
eKaaaJTb: „B30flAH, 3apa cboCoam". 

„To, hto a npH6aBHJib Kb „HacTaBJieHiK) u —6e3fl'bJiHua. Ho ai-oft dea- 
A'tJiHUH He AOCTaBaJio KHHrB ajih Toro, htoGh oHa cocTaBHJia oaho itb- 
Jioe. H.oqeHb AOBoaeffb, hto oHa HanenaTaHa. Bee ace 8to MaaeHbKaa 
uoG-fe^a CBo6o#bi. IIpaBAa, hto nandaAu Kamoua h t. a* AbHBoabCKH He 
apaBHJiHCb rr. ueH3opaM-b. Ho nero He AofeeTca HaAofcAaHBOCTb h Ha- 
cTofl^HBocTb. fl piniHJiCH coJiraTb. H CKa3ajrb, hto pyKonHCb— nepe- 

BOflT>, Cfl-BJiaHHhlft 30 JI-feT'b TOMy Ha8afll>, CJIOBOMb, BceBOJIOJKCKift x ) bm-b- 

BHBaeTCH h npHKa3biBaerb ero Hane T iaTaTb, umo6u cd/bAamt Mun, odoA- 
acenie. 

„H bott>, TaKHMT) o6pa30Mi> oo"mecTBO, cymecTByionjee TOJIbKO BT> 
nn,e% BosB^maeTca yace nyTe\n> nenaTH. 

,8to materia prima Haraero BeJiHKaro TpyAa,— oaarocaoBHTe ee h 
o6pa6aTWBaflTe ee no oOpawy yvettuoci, pacnpocTpaHaftTe Majio no Maay 
noAb pyKoft 3K3eMnjiapw. 

w Hto KaeaeTca MeHa,— a totobb 3aBipa ace, ocjih HyacHo, yMepeTb* 
ec;iH 6y,ny HMliTb npaBO cKa3aTb to. ace, hto CuMeoHb, KorAa ohi* 
yBHA'BJi'b npnneceHHaro Bb xpaMT> Toro, Koro bm 3naeTe". 

Rd'b Apyroro nacbMa ^MinpieBa-MaMOHOBa baa^o, ito nepBOHa- 
najibHo n,e£3ypa oTKasaaa bi> paapimeHiH ne^aTaTb KHHacRy h ^to 
ee cnacao mubtto BMimaTeJibCTBO BceBoaoaccKaro. JJaaie MaMOHOB'b 
ipoAOJiacaeTTb: 

.IIocBameme— TOJibKO aanacKa, Koropyio a HaiiHcaa'b BaMb, ho a 
viyBCTBOBaji'b, hto HenpHM"BTHo a rapuoBajrb Ha neracfc, n 4To6h He 
uocuJiaTb BaMb BSAyTbixi) (Jjpaa'b Ha AypnoMT* (j^paHuyacKOMb H3hiK^ 
Bb (t>opM-B JiiodoBHaro nncbMa, a xpaGpo p-Bmn-ica HanenaxaTb <J>paH- 
ny3CKoe. Beero 25 8K3eMnaflpoBb, h Aypnoft (J>paHuy3CKifl a3biKb H36a- 
Baaeri* MeHa orb HCKymenia Hane^aTaTb Ha xopomeMij pyccK0Mi>. BoT"b 
KaKi> a Haaaraio y3Ay Ha Moe caMoaiodie... 

,HaKOHem>, pa3B*B 9Ta KHuacna He HcxoAHT r b H3i> fcpeAbi 0. (opAeHa) r 
e6m,ecTBa, KOTopoe caMO cymecTByeT'b TOwibKO bt> HAe'B? 

»Ho KTO MOaCeTl> HCHHCaHTb HHCaO A^Teft, KOTOpHH noca1iAyK)Ti> 

3a 3thmt> nepBhiM'b HOBopoacAeHHbiMb? Kto MoaceTT> oivfaHHTb noca'BA- 
cTBia ^hxt> Moryn;ecTBa h npeACKa3aTb hx^ KpacoTy?.. IIo cm*bjiomi> 
Bor*b— nopyKa! 

„CaMbia BeaHKia A^Jia HMtiOTb caa6oe Hanaao,— npeai. cto Ji-ferb, 
a MQaceTb 6utb h panfee 0. ^opAeH-b) 6yjifiVb HMtob bi> HHca* CBOHX'b 
MaeHOBT> BeaHKHx*b reHieBi>, nxb npoH3BeAema oyAyrb cb-btom'b MyA- 
pei;a h hx^ A'bflcTBia rpoMOBbiMH yAapaMH BaacTH. 

.MoaceTT* 6HTb HHnero He CyAei-b. Ho coraacHMca, oAHaico, hto 
»To—MaaeHbKaa no6*BAa (npaBAa, oneHb MaaeHbKaa) acHo BtipaaceH- 



J ) 3to B*poaTHo H. C. BceBOJioaccKift (1772—1867), tfuBmift Bb to Bpena 
BHue-npeaHjjeHTOMb MOCKOBCKaro oTA^aeHia MeAHKo-XHpyprHHecKofi aKaAe- 
ida, KOTopwft Ha cboh cpeACTBa Bunacaab H3*b napaaca oti» Ahao otfpas- 
noBwa aHTepu h saBeat npeBoexoAHyjo Tnnorpa^iio. .Mock. B*a u i 1&& 7 r - 
jNft 23; .MocKoscKift HeKponoab", cocTaB. B. H. CaHTOBUMb h B. JI. MoAsa- 
jteBCKHMb, H3A- b. k. HHKoaaa MnxaHaoBHia. Cn6., 1907 r. h. I, 241. 
AeKa6pb. OTAta-b I. 9 



130 B. CBMEBCKlfi. 

Hhir* jiKflepaJibHbix'b Hfleft bslkl npeflpa3cyAK0Mi>, ncxoaamaa hst. mo- 
cKOBCKaro noiaTHaro crrantta. 

^fleHerij whrbl flepraeMbift co BC'bx'b CTopoH'b, a Mory noxBa- 
jiHTbCfl &T8H% MaJieHbKHM'b noacepTBOBaHieM'b h He Morb ptranTbcn 
yfexaTb, ee ymjifaB-b HacTaBJieHia HarieiaTaHHbiMH! 

„3ro Materia prima Haniero BOJiHKaro n'bJia, foiarocjiOBHTe ero, p»- 

^OTafiTe HAA1> HHMT> H OC066HHO JIH)6HTe M6HH. Mf (MaMOHOBT>). 

,P. S. ^GtfHaKo, a npomy Bacb He pacnpocTpaHaTb TOTHacb 3K36M- 
nJiflpoB-b. 

(1 BnAiiTe -in! IIoHeMHory! He to, hto6w a 6ohjich — a aajieicb on. 
BCflKaro cTpaxa, ho cana* cywnoctM dnAa Tpe6yeTb octopojkhocth, ocmo- 
Tpure^hHocTH bt> Bbi6op , fe HHTaTejieft. H Hazrfeioeb, aa, a Ha^liiocb, Ba 
cTaueTb speMa, Koraa MOJioflbie, CTapwe hjih aaace Ha CMepTHOMi, 

OApl*, MM OyaeM-b HNTBTb B03M0«H0CTb, KaKl> CHMeOHb, CKaaaTb, KOIVtfi 

OHfc yBUJi'Bn'b npHHeceHHaro bo xpaMT> moio, kow eu snaeme. „rocnon,H, 
Hhio-fe OTnymaeniH pa6a TBoero ct> mhpomV... 

Bfc oahowt, hst* npHBefleHHHX'b Hume nnceM-b l fl,MHTpieB'b-MaMu- 
HOB'b ynoMHEaerb o Tpy^i, HaA^ kotophmt* pa6oTajrb ero Koppe- 

CHOEAOBTt,— O^eBHJlHO, OpjIOBt. Bt nHCbMt, HailHCaHHOlTL HiCKOJIbKO 

paHio, oh% roBopHTB no 3T0My noBOAy: «fl AO^KeHt BaarB cKa3aTi> T 
q-ro fl GA'bJiaji'b 6h Ha Baineara MtcTi. SI pacnpeA'k 1 iHjn> 6h Beer 
rpynt no rjiaBaM'b— -MeTOAa, qpe3BbiqafiHo ofaerqaiomaa xoa^ has!* 
a cooSmaroinaa cjiory H3amecTB0, kotophmt> HHicorAa ne oTjraqaioTCji 
Tpysbi, He HMironnie onpeA'kaeHHHX'b noApa3AiJieHiiL Jlyqnie Bceru 
cBecTH Bee B'b rjiaBH. noApasAiJieHie aojihcho A^a-Tb B'b KpynHMX-i* 
^epiax'b: cnaqajia BBe^eHie, KOTopoe aojihcho hcxoahtb mi> KaRortK 
jh6o ocHOBHoro nojioacema, hjih nampiapxajibnoM% npaejieHiu, 
ecjiH BH xoTiiTe HCTopnqecKaro BBeAema, hjih matineiX ueooxoditr- 
Mocmu saKOHOB'B ocHOBHUx r b h JiH6epajn>Htix r b, ocHOBaHHiix'b Ha npH- 
poAt ne^OBBKa, hjih npupoofcdenHoit ceododrb, ecjiH bh xothto pa3- 
cMaTpiiBait npeAMerb, naira $hjioco(|)'l. 

9to BBeABHie aojhkho 6tiTb HanncaHo schbo h iiojiho HAeaMH. 
SarfeM'L cjitAOBaJiH 6h rjiaBti ct 3ByqHHMH h BHyniHTejibHHMH nana- 
BiaMH, Haap.: 1) HaejrfcACTBeHHHX'b H H36HpaTejibHLix , b KopoHaxi^: 
2) pejiHric>3H0fi h nojiHTzqecKofi TepnuMOCTH. a no BTOMy noBOAy n 
CB06oAi neqaTH; 3) reHepajibHHX'b mTaTaxx, 6ojibinHX'b c^i^Aa^L 
npa A^op-fe (des cours pl^nier^s *), hx^ npoHcxoacAemH, 6hjih 3u 
ohh at Poecia; 4) KpynHue JieHU (fiefs); 5) BtpoHTHOM-b eyAymein, 
eBpooeticKiixTj Hai^ifi, ecTecTBeHHHX'b coK)3HHKax f b h npHpoacAGHHux'b 
Bparax'b Poccih; 6) KOHCTHTy^OHHLix'b 3aK0sax , b J KOTopLie nparoAHu 
A^h Be^HKHX% Hai^ifi h bt> qacTHOCTH ajih Poccih; 7) saBoeBaHiax'b; 
8} pejnirioaHLiX'b pacKOJiaxi* h t. a. 

«He nyiKHO orpaHHqeHifl h octopohchocth..., Bee 3to BU3bTBaerb 
Mtrcjb xmpocTH h cjia6ocTH, h 6yAbTe yBtpeHH, qTO CMtbjiufi, TpyA^ 
BHamBaeTt SoJibinee yBaaceme npecMUKamqeucH tojihh, q^Mi* KHnra, 



T ) Bo BpeM« 9THXI TopacecTBeHHuxTb $eoAajibHWXT> cbtsAOBi* npn KopoJieB- 

CKOMT. 4B0p r B BL CpeAHie B"BKa npOHCXOAHJIH He TOJIbKO DpaaABecTBa, ho a 

^■fejiajincb nociaHOBjieHia OTHOCHTejibHO hojih^h h aAMHHHCTpain'H KOpo^eBCTi ^ 



04EPKK M8'b HCTOPIH HRE& AKKABPHCTOB'b. 131 

jjOBOJBCTByiomaaGH naMmaMU. TaKi> 06mecTBeHHHii ^oroBopi* (Con- 
trat Social) nepeBe^eHT* h HaiienaTant bt> Poccin (?), a HecpaBHerao 
Gojrfce yMtpenHHl TpyA'b o 3jioynompe6AeHiftXT> decnomu3Ma 6yAerb 
saAepacaffb, h aBTop'b npeAam* bt> pyKH uojiimiH. 

«HCTHHH CMtjILlfl, HOJIOSHbltf, IipOCTUfl — nyCTb OH* OAH* BCIIJW- 

BaiorB Ha noBepxHOCTb, Ha npaedy cjiqv* neMHow... 

«BepxoMT> HCKyccTBa 6hjio 6h CAtaaTb h3*b Tpy^a, KOTopuft blt 
upeAnpHHHMaeTe, KHHry has. ny6jHKH h ocHOBHtoa npaBHja am 0. 
(OpaeHa). IlocBflmeHHHe HauwiH 6bi wl Heit TafiHy 0., npo<J>aHH — KHHry 
xoponio npoayMaHHyio, yqeHyio, xopoino HairacaHHyH)». 

HtCKOJIbKO BUflie, B'b TOM'b JK6 nHCbM't, Ha<iaio KOTOparo, ITb 

coJBajrbHiio, He coxpaHMoeb, ^MHTpieB^-MaMOHOBT. peKOMeqAOBajn> am 
Toro ate coiHHema cBeaHnafirayK) npocroTy, He HcoroqaiomyK) H3flm- 
hocth. He HyacHO (pfWh, 0T3MBaK>mHxcfl odpoyMieM'b. OnpeAtjeHin 
^aBHAOBa, Hanp., <HenpnBHToe AepeBO» h t. a- npeBoexoAHbr, ocTpo- 
jmhh, oiem> xoponm rzh emeneneii Kamexu3ucoa'b, noTOMy qTO ohh 
npeACTaBJiflBOTb aJLieropiH. Ho khuzo, otcusuxi, ynenie 0. aojhkhh 6htl 
Bwme 9Toro l )... 

<Hy«eH , b Macmia6 r b H3'b 6ob3hh hjm cjhuikom'b pacTHHyrb hsjto- 
raeme, km CA^JiaTb ero HenoHflTHMMT)*. 

B'b 9to BpeMfl no^HTHqecKifl paAHKajiH3arb ^MHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa, 
xoth h Ha apHCTORpaTHqecKOfi, Kaifb yBHAHM'b, noAKJiaAK*, bh4 bch- 
itaro coMffbHin. Owh MHoro RHrajrb h, icairb bhaho hs'b TOJbito q*ro 
npHBeAeHHaro irfccTa oAHoro efo nncbMa, cnjibHoe BneqaurfcHie, no 

JtpafiHefi Mtpt HtKOTOpHMH CB0HMH qepTaMH, IipOH3BeJI'b Ha Hero OAHffb 

113^ 3naMeHHT j fefimHX , b acypHajiOB'b liepBbix'b toaobt* $paHn;y3CK0ft peBO- 
.iioi^iH cLa Bouche de fer», KOTopwii H3AaBajn> EoHHeBHJib (1760— 
1828) cHaqajia orb a66aTOMb <&ome, a noTOMi> oahht> (b^ 1790—92 r.r.). 
3to OLijrb o$$Hi^iajibHufi opram, peBOjiioiijoHepoB'b-MHCTWKOB'b cCo- 
njajibHaro KpyacKa*, BMXOAHBUiiit B'b cB-ferb Tpn pa3aBT> hca^jir). Oht> 
oiynnjrb BupaaceHieM-b HOBO-xpHCTiaHCKaro MHCTHn;u3Ma, cMtiuaHHaro 
Cb peBO.iK)n;ioHHHMH haohmh h Vb MacoHCKOio $Hioco$ieK). CpeAH 

MHCTHqeCKHX'b TBOpeHifl, MaCOHCKHXTi Me^TaHift H THHCeJIOBiCHHX'b 

pa3cywA«Hiii bt> Hem BcrptqaJiHCb cm^hh mucih, nanp. OTHOCHTeJibHO 



l ) B'b bha^ o6pa3r;a cJiora ajih o6cy»cflaeMaro Tpy^a MaMOHOB p b peKOMBH- 
Ayerb cji*Ayron;ia co^HueHia: 1) TalniTa, 2) „La defense des emigres, par 
Lally Tollendal, 3) w Le tableau de la revolution francaise" 3 vol. 4) p-fe^il 
Uaaepofia npoTiiB-b KaTHJiniiu. „H^« icaHBbi njiaHa, — roBoparb oht>, — 
.a He 3Ha» 6oJi*e no^xo^ameft ^Jia Bacb Knurn, KaK"b .Tia Bouche de fer 
de Bonneville— MapKH3i, Lally Tollendal (1751— 1830) nyfljiHrmcrb h hojihth- 
lecirift A*«TeJib, BUCKa3MBaBraiHCH bt» HauioHajrbHOMT> co6paHia 3a yMtpeH- 
Hy» MOHapxiro no aHrjiiftcKOMy o6pa3uy; ptib ero sa y^peHCAeHie AByx-b na- 
aarb ozrlwiajia ero HenonyjiapHHM'b. IloKHHyBT> OpaHuiio, oht» waawl bi» 
1795 r. KHHry B'b samHTy naMHTH JIioAOBHKa XVI ii btf. 1797 r. „ Defense des 
emigres fran^ais adressee au peuple*. llpii peciaBpaiUH bt> 1816 r. CA*Jiam. 
HJieHOM'b aKa^eMiH h BepxHefl na^aTU, r^'fe npunafljieacaji-b kt> napTiH MOHap 

XHCTOB'b-KOHCTHTyaiOHaJIHCTOB'b. 

9+ 



1B2 B. CEMKBC&lft. 

upasa coScTBeHnocTH. 3a^cl neqarajiHCb HHCbiia h cTaTbn ToMaca 
liana, KoH#opc9, AHaxapcnca KiOTca. Ilocjrfe StrcTBa JIiOAOBHKa XVI 
aypHajrb pimHTejibHO BHCRasajicH sa yHHqf oaceHie KopojeBcitofl BJiamf, 
HyjBno 3aMiTHTb, BnpoqeBrb, ^to coijiajibHaH cropoHa BZT&BROB'h <&onii- 
m BoHBeBHjfl He iiMtjia aaMiTHaro BjiiaHia Ha #MHTpieBaJIaMOHoBu, 
xoxa, f)HTb Moacerb, ext> sypHajrb h 8acTaBHjrc> ero 0Tita3aTbca orb 
HtKoropux'L npe«HHXT> npe^aojiomeHifl *). 

Bb OAHoarb h3t>' cbohxt* miceirb, HanHcaHHoarb, KaKi> 'H Apyriu- 
coxpaHiiBiniflCfl bi> ero SyMaraxi*, Ha ^paHHiyscKOM'b a3MKi, ^MHTpiesi^ 
MamoiroB^ roBopnT'b: «BcaKifi MOHapxii tojibko nepBHfi cayra rocy- 
flapciBa, BCflKifi MOHapx-b, KOTopufl H3MtHHH^ecKH A^flcTByerb BonpeEH 
KejianiH) CBpero HapoAa, KOTopufl AYMaerb, ^to Hapoo.'b coTBopeH'b a^ 
Hero, — 5e3yMeHx! Ho Ton>, kto npH3UBaeTi HHOcrpaHn.eB'b Ha noiionib 
ce6i h nojibsyeTCH hmh, ito6m yraeiaTb csofi HapoAT>, otkputo o(h>- 
*M&Wh ce6a ero BparoMT>». 

^anie, no noBOAy Haniefi HHOCTpaHHofi iiojihthkh ohtj minifST*: 
*Mu imtniHBaeMca b% A^aa, KOTopNa Moryrb BpeAHTb HaM*b pass'b 
tojilko npa npoTHBOAtficTBiw 9T0My BMimaTejibCTBy. Mm AbficTByevK 
iag& Joht.-Khxott,, ucupaBJiaa Bpe.xb, npHqiiHeHHufl orb OKeaHa a<» 
Baojw. EBpona AyMaera, «m> mm acejiaeM'b cA^JiaTb ee yqacrmmeji 
M36wTKa Hamero c^acm h Hainefi cbo6oam, a mm, ocBo6oAHTeJin APJ- 

AHXT>, CTOHeMT* HOATj HeHaBHCTHMM'b HrOMl^. 

Bx ApyroM'b nacbMi, Haiajio KOToparo He coxpaHH.iocb, Maau- 
hobt* BHcajTb: «Bm 6yAeTe ywfepeHHW AaJKe h Tor^a, ccjih yAOBCuib- 
c-TBycTccb MOjiqameMii, cjnjma 03jio6jieHHbia HanaAema MOJiOAMX'b aaeu- 
tobii na npaBHTejibCTBO, ho o6y3AHBaTb hxt., — AyMaeie jih bm 0$ 
aroMbV TjiaBHoe j&jio B-b tomt,, ito6m BOcno.ib30BaTbca nbuiKocTiiio 
cROJixt nocjii^Baxejiefi. Bt» caMOMTb A^i, He Bee jih paBHO, no 
neJostKi. aBJLseTca nocpeACTBeHHocrbio, ecjia y Hero ecTb HacraabKQ 
BAPSBaro CMHCJia, ito6m noHATb npeeocxodcmeo u36tbcmuazo dtbjia, u 
docmamoHHO xpafipocmu u 6jiaiopodcmea dyiuu, nmodu npunRWA e* 
hzm* tfuacmic. H yBtpeHi), hto bh HaflAere JiiOAefi, KOTopue ne sacjiyffiarb 
orb Bacfc Ha3BaHia Seapaacyd-Huayb, KOTopwM'b bh He cMoaceie OTKaaaTb 

Bl» AOCTOHHCTBaX'b, H A^SCe BMAaK)ffl[HXCH AOCTOHHCTBaXl>, HO eCJIH 3TH 

jh^ah pa6u, to a npeAno^Hiaio Bamnx'b 6e3pa3cydH,ux*. 

*fl oqeHb AaJieux oti> Toro, ^To6bi He OAo6paTb Koncmumyi^iQn- 



j ) CpaB. JlHXTeH6epace. Coi;iaJiH3MT> h ^paHi^yscKaa peBOJiioals 
lIepeBcw> K). CTeKJiOBa. Cn6. 1907 r., CTp. 56—61. HtKOTopoe BJiiaHio w\ 
itipoeoaepnaHieflMHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa MorjiooKaaaTb coHEHeHie H. BoHHeBHJi« 
„De Tesprit des religions* (P. nouv. edit., 1792), ecjin oho dujioeMyHaB-feCTno. 
Eiu,e Coate momcho ohjio 6m 3to npeAnoJioacHTb, cjtah no aarjiaBiio, ,npy- 
ro«'b eo4HHeHin Toro »ce BoHHeBHJifl „LeB jeBuiteB chasees et la 
Ma^onnerie Ecossaise, comparee avec les trois 
professions on le secret des tern pliers du 4-m e 
fliecle*. L. 1788, 2 parties, ho ero h^tb bt> noTepGyprcKuxx 6H6jijOTe- 



/ 



01EPKH IWb HCTOPIH HAEft AKKABPHCTOB'b. 133 

naw Kamexu3uca, Ha;vB kotophbtb bbi paSoTaeTe; HanpoTHB-B, a jKejaio 
^ero-HH6yju> 6oabinaro, qiirb KaTexnsHCB. S xorbjrB 6h TpaaTara, 
Bb pojrfc Toro, KaKOfi a BaiTB HaMiTHJi'b bt> oahom'b hbt* mohxt> nHceMT*,— 
KaTexH3Hc/B Bceiyja H-fcqTO Taaoe, qTO naxHerB yqedHHKoarB, hjih nep- 

tfOBbBO, HJIH MaCOHCTBOlfb. 

«Hyacno ocnapHBaTb, AOKastiBaTb, o6pamaTbca sa upHMipaMit 
k^ HCTopin, — KaTexH3Hct MoacerB coflepacaTB b-l ce6t anmb uepBua 
naqepTama aioro BejiHKaro Tpyaa. Be&b jiecTH a Mory cKa3aTb brwl, 
qTO Baina rojioBa MoacerB npeKpacno npeoflOJiiTB bth 3aTpyAHeBL>j. 

«DpaBAa, 9to Tpy^Hoe jtfwo, ho Bee ace aTO He to, qTO uuiifiTb 
Mope: canoe cymecTBeHHoe b*b tomtb, wo6u BJioacHTB b*b HaniH coih- 
HeHifl TaKyro 3aitBacKy, Koiopaa BbrauBaerB 6poaceHie yMOB-B h Jtoxopaji 
no6yjKAaer& cKa3aTb: cbotl mm, uto bm Haarb upHKaaceie?* 

MaaoHOB'b, o'Iobh^ho o&ltb totobt. Ha BecBMa piiHHTe.ibHHH &M- 
cTBia: «Ha qTO bu acajiyeTecb? — HHineTB ohx b'boahom'b hhcbmIl- 
Bh wajiyeTecb Ha to, qro BHAuxe pacnpocTpaHeHie HeHaBHcxn in, 
THpaflin. Henpejio«HLie (tcaKTb bh hx*b Ha3HBaeTe) HpHHipnbi uu m>- 
mwb bt* qecTHOM'b cepwh. CpeACTBa, rjlr BbmojiHeHia njiaHa, Syayrb 
naM'B OTKpuBaTbca no Mtpt xo.ua co6biTifi, — a cicaacy fiojite: b^ nojiir- 
thk4 Mbpu, BMHyacAeHHbia oScToaiejibCTBaMH, noqTH Bcer^a ^hh- 

OTBeHHO XOpOHliH H eflHHCTBCHHO BtpHBIH, TBHt KaKi. (jieoah) ne py- 
KOBOAHTb COfiblTiaMH, a pyttOBOflCTByiOTCH MMH. IIpO^THTe HCTOpiW 

paajiHqHbix'L saroBopoBT), KOTopme HH3BepniH ct TpoHa HsGnpaeMbirh 
i^e3apefl ApeBHaro PiiMa,— bh noqTH Bcer^a yBHAHTe, qTO HtKOTupue 
;jaroBopmuKH K0Jie6ajiHCb, 6&UH bb HepimHTeJibHOCTH h, HaKoeei^, 
ptniHJiHCb, hoa'b BJiianieM^ o6cTOHTejibCTB'B, no saKOHy AaHHaro mo- 
jceHTa, KOTopafi cocTaBJiaerB see, npHHHTb aiuiTeJibHoe yqacTie b'b 
3aroBopi. BejiHKoe HCKyccTBO pyKOBOAHTejiefi peBOJiroi^iH coctohtt, bi» 

T0MT>, qTOfibl nOCTaBHTb CBOHXTb areHTOBT) B'B HeB03M03EHOCTb OTCTyilHTt, 

« TOJibKo BOJHya yMH, ^ocTHraiorb toto nyHKTa, KOTopuft, Tait^ cita- 
-3aTb, cocTaBJiaerb TapueficKjio cuajiy TiipaHOB'b (noTOMy qTO ko uc^iiy 
aTOMy Hyacno npHMtoiHBaTb qTO-nnfiyAb pHMCKoe). 

«To ace h oTHocHTejibHO Hact, — qTO MOJKeMi* mu, qxo Morju 6u 

MM, 6CJIH 6bl HH OAHO .IHI^O, HH OAHO J1$J10 He BLIIHJIO 6H HBTb LUOHio 

o6biqHaro nojioaceHiaV Ecjih 6li Bci yMM ocTaBaancb cnoKofltitJMiiV 
J 1 ecnoTii3M'B pa^OBajca 6li aTOMy iiohok), KOTopwfi paBHaeTca 6eaqy«- 

CTBeHHOCTH CMepTH. 1100.14 TOrO, KaKTb A0Cn0TH3M'b yTBepAHJiCH, liaK r b 

y HacB, Bet ero Mtpu h BHCTyn.ieHia AosBOJiaroTT) cdepeaceHia cmtiTh 
cnn, cnoKofiHyro yBtpeHHOCTb, poBHoe uiecTBie, KOTopoe coBepmeiiiio 
He ro^HTca a^h itxi, kto xoqerb ch hmmt* cpaacaTbca. 

«HyacHLi TaSHa, ceKperB, ho bto He ceKpeTi) MauiHHu, cocTOjin^eli 
i;.jT» puqaroBt, cTepacHefi, BepeBOKt, — axo ceKpert mhhh, HauojiBeH- 
Hofi nopoxoM'L.— Hyacno ee B3opBaTb h, nojibsyacb cpaBHemaMH, 3i- 

ilMCTBOBaHHElMH W3T> BOeHHOfi aCHBHH, TaK'b KaKT> H TOBOpfiO CB KOeH- 

hmmt*, — pa-3B r b mi He paspyiimTe 3Aania,— KOTopoe saKpwBaeT'b ofimji 



134 B. C E M K B-C K 1 ft. 

BBflt bt> j&Bh cpaaemn hjih nperpaacAaerB BaMi> nyTb,— ec&H bli mm- 
»eTe cA^JiaTbaTO BHCTptjiaMH» ! ), 

Mai He yaajiocb eme noaa HaftTH khhjkky Ha $paHn,y3CKOMT> fl3HK,fc. 
Haue^aTaHHyH) ,J,MHTpieBbiM'b-MaMOHOBbiM , b bt> 25 8K,3eMn.Tflpaxt, koto- 
pyio OH'b Ha3HBaeTi»: ^<KpaTKiflHacTaB.ieHiii>. BtpoflTHO opHrHHajii>Hi;* 
KOTopoft qacTH BToft KHH3KKH coxpaHHacfl cpejjH pyttoniiceft ^MiiTpieBa- 
MaMOHOBaB'B rocyAapcTBeHHOMT>ApxHBi: Tyro ecmb odpndv npieMa u 
namexu3ucb Kpecmoouxh Put^apeU h «CTaTyTbi qepnuxi* itpecTOBbixi. 
pHi^apefi coBepmeHnaro CoK)3a MojiiaHiu h CfiflToro Tpo6a» — aa 
pyccKOMT. amivh h npaBHJia o pbujapflxb, KOTopHxi> Hyacno bo3ct&« 

HOBHTb BT> POCCIH, Ha $paHIjy3CK0M'b flSHKt. H3T> 3THXT> pyKOHHCeH 

bh^ho, *jtu OpfleHT,. AOJiaceii'L 6luh> mm^tb Tpn deneHH: uepBaa cti> 
neHB hjih nepHHii asma* — H3paHjibCKifi, BTopaa cTeneeb— rpenecKift. 

TpeTbH — pUMCKlfi. 

Taicb KaK-b Hac r b HHTepecyiorb Tenepb jiHiHb nojiHTHqecaU h o6m^- 
CTBeHHHH H^en MaMOHOBa, to OTwfeqy, ^to BCTynaronjie bt> TpeTbro c/rfe? 
neHb pctmHu 6hjih npaHHMaTb o6fl3aTejn>cTBO OTHOCHTejibHo 6opb6M 
vb THpaHaMH. Phtop'b Op/jeHa roBopHTT, itaH^H^aTy: «lIo #0.1 ry casa 
Moero o6fl3aH'b h npe^aapHTb Bacb, hto ott> Bacb TpeSyeTCH 60^ 
CTBeHHoe npojiHTie kpobh BparoBi. Op^eHa h orenecTBa: boti> yciOBie, 
Ha KOTopoMii MOHceTe bli 6wTb npioSmeHH BHcniiiM'b KpyraM-b COCJIO- 
Bia Hainero*. — 3Afecb SepeTca c* KaH^H^aTa peBepcb bt» tom'b, <ito 
OH'b «o6a3HBaeTC < a npecjiiflOBaTb Bes^i BparoBii Op^eHa a oTeqecTEa 
h ^to OH'b npH3HBaerb npoKJume Borne na ce6,a, ecjiH npHcara cih 
Hirb He HcnojiHHTca». Kor^a KaHAHflarb bboahtgh B'b Jioacy bt> Tan- 
MiepcKoft o#eswb, bt> Heft racarb ocaimeHie, 6paTba odpaTH.aiOT^ 
Ha Hero Me<iH, 6.nHCTaeT'b MOJiHia. Tairb npo^ojiacaeTca ci> nojqaca, 
h sarhM-b KaH.HHTaT'b npHHOCHTb npHcary, bt> KOTopoft, Me»#y np r »- 

HH&Tb, KJHHeTCH «HOpaECaTb TapKBHHieBT>, HepOHOB'b, ^OMHl4aHOB% J 

KajinryjioBx, Kommoaob'b ii rejioro6ajioBb», «^THTb h Jio6bi3aTb khh- 
raaiTb, kohmt* nopasHTca noxHTHTejib npaB^, T iecTii m cbo6oaw otc- 
qecTBa», «yMeperb 3a cBofioAy^, «hc cTpaiUHTbca okob-b, Me^eft, TeM- 



! ) Tocyfl. Apx. I B. J^ 15. IIiicbMa MaMOHOBa He TOJibKO He BnojiHt co- 
xpaHHJiHCb, ho h nepenyTaHbi bt> $$&%. Bhtb MoaceTTb, 3to 6wjio cjifbn&UQ 
yMbiuiJieHHO bo BpeMtf 3axBaTa aAMHHHCTpauieio ero 6yMan>. OpjioBT> 6biJi'b 
apecTOBaHt bt» Mockbb 21 ^eK. 1825 r.; na .npyroft ,zieHb OH'b nuraeT-b ami. 
HHKOJiaio: ^Ay^ajiH, hto moh CBH3b cb rp. MaMOHOBuuT) 6bura oeHOBaHa m 
nojiHTHHecKHXi* aaMbicJiax'b. Tp. MaMOHOB-b comejii> ct> yMa. Bywarn, KHHni, 
aanncKH ero bi> pynax'b npaBHTejibCTBa, 11 a ocTajica r iyatA'b ott> BCflKnx'b 
HapeKaHifl". Ha'b aTax'b cjiOB'b bii,hho, t ito xot>i MocKOBCKi/i boch. reH.-ryG. 
kh. TojiHi^HH'b H3B , BCTHJi , b umii. HnKOJiaH o6i> oTo6paHin 6yMan> ^MHTpiesa- 
MaMOHOBa y ero oneKyHOBT> jiniiib 4-ro HHBapa 1826 r., ho 3to 6biJio c^*BJiaHo 
eu;e ;jo 21 ^eKa6pa, b-bp'ohtho, HeMe^JieHiio no nojiyHenin bt> Mockbb H3B'BCTifl 
co6biTin 14 ,z;eKa6pa. OpjioBy ne TOJibKO h3BBctho 06b onenaTaHin 3Thxip + 
6yMan>, ho h tomt>, hto bi> hhxt> hbt^ iiniero, npaiio ero KOMnposieTii- 
pyiomaro, t. e. mo ero hmji bt> hux-b He ynoMiiHaeTca. Towb, »ito hmghbo 
bb^to, OH'b Morc> yaHaTb orb onenyHOB-b MaMOHOBa,— cenaTopa ApceHbena \i 
nanBopHaro cob. n. C. ^OHTj-BnanHa. 



OlEPltH H3*B HCTOPIH HflBfl flEKABPMCTOB'B. 13& 

HHtuj, nhiTOK'L, fljia, nHCTOJieTa h KHHsaja». SarfcjrB h npHcyrcTByromie 
iieHu Opflena o6tn^aK)TCfl npojiHTB KpoBb Bcfcra BparoBi* cbo6o^u h 
ne BJiaraTB Me^a b'b hojkhh ao HCTpefaema h HH3JK)seHifl BparoBi> 
Op^eHa. Hyacno 3aM*tTHTb, qTo Bcfc ani flOKyMeffra HaaacaHH py- 
ko» caMoro MaMOHOBa *)• 

H. M. TypreHeBX no3HaKOMMca ct M. 0. OpaoBfinrb eme 3a- 
rpaHHi^efi h oco6eHHO wb HaHCH, ra,4 OpjioBt 6butb b'b 1815 r. Ha- 
laJibHHKOMt mTa6a 7-ro nix. Kopnyca. TypreHeBy npHXOftHaocB no- 

CTOflHHO B03paacaTB npOTHBt «BOHHCTBeHHHX'b H 3aB0eBaTeJIBHbIXT> 

Teopifi* OpjiOBa. TypreHeBa B03BpaTHJicfl bt> Pocciio wb kohi$ 1816 r. 
m ^pes'B HtcKOJibKO BpeMeHH, yme bt> aniflyiomearB roay, -BCTpiTHJicji 
cl OpjioBHM'b bt> neiep6yprh. Bt 9to BpeMa Bch mhcjih OpjiOBa, no 
cjiOBaM'b TypreHeBa, 6hjh norciomeHLi MacoHCTBOMV. «0&t> cocTaBHJib 
npoeKTL BO3CTaH0BjieHia ero b'b TaKOMi bh;$, KaKt oho cymecTBO- 
Baio npn EaaTepHHi II, h »e;ian r b aaTB eMy KaKyro-mdyAB noaHTH- 
^ecKyro hjih CKopie npaKTHiecKyio i$jib. ToBapHmeifB eMy B'B btomi> 
npeAnpiHTiH 6hjtb rp. MamroHOB^ KOTopufi, Kaweica, hm^ji'b ocoSeH- 
Hj»jiK)6oBb kt> ApeBHeMy pyccKOMy MacoHCTBy» QiH<rao TypreHeBT* He 

6hUTb 3HaK0MT> CL rp. . ^MHTpiOBBiM'b-MaMOHOBblM'b). «MaMOHOB'L, 

HpoAOJiHcaerB TypreHeBi*, fibui'B, KaaceTCH, nocBameH'B B'b o^ny H3i> 
buchihx'l deneHeft ciaparo ^paHK-B-iiacoHCTBa; OpjiOBa, 3Haa 3xy 
cTenenb h $opMyjiy nocBameHiii, bhocb b-b hhxt* hIikotophh H3M r fe- 
HeHia corjracHO CB coBpeMeHHMMH n,a;eHMH, ho coxpaHHB'B mhcthicckyio 
^opMy, KOTopaa rocnoflCTBOBaiia bx tyrapoirB oSpHA**. OpjOBT> Hie, 
upH3HaBaa b-b cBoeMTb noKasamH, ito rpaaycH npHHaTla B'B OpAem> 
PyccKHX'b Pbin,apeii 6buih coBepnieHHO MacoHCKie, roBopnrB, *rro «b'j. 
cocTaBi 3aHflTift» Op,a;eHa «MacoHH^eciue npeflMeTH He BXOAsrB* u 

*TO «MaCOHH CyTB He 1T0 IIHOe, KaK'B paCKOJIBHHKH TaMHJ[iepCTBa v 
■IH OpueHa XpaMOBHHKOB'B* 2 ). 

OpjOB'B, no cBH^txejibCTBy TypreHeBa, noKasajn* eiiy cboA npoeKTi., 
npoca 6oo6ni;HTb ero HtKOTopHM'B ero SHaKOMHifb $paHK*B-MacoHaM r b, 



j ) Bt> npaBHJiaxT> o puuapaxt Ha ^paHuyacKOMt aauK* yaoMBHaeTca o 
tomt>, ito HtKOTOpHMTb H3i> hhxt> npejinoJiarajiocb nopyHaTb paaoGjiaieHie 
9JioynoTpe6jieHiH upe^CTaBHTejieft BJiacTH, du30bi> Ha Jiyajib, hjih H3AaHie 
en-BJiaro naM$jieTa npoTHBi* npaBHTeabCTBa, dHTBa cb npeflCTaBHTejieMt 

BJiaCTH, KOTOphlft Bpe.HHT'B Op^6Hy B'b 06meCTB"B, HpeCJlt^yH ero O^BHHeHiflMIl 
HJIH ASBHTeJIbHblMH HaCM^mKaMH. 

a ) Bt> uHCbM'B kt> hmh. HflKOJiaio Hat MocKBbi orb 22 ^eKa6pa, Ha apyroii 
j^eHb nocji* apecTa, OpjiOBt roBopiirb: B lloJiarajiH, hto nocpe^cTBOM i, 

MaCOHCKHXl> 06meCTBT> H HM"BK) CJIHIDKOM'b 60JIbfflOe BJliflHie HaA'b BCBMI! 

BojibHbiMH KaiieHbmnKaMn,-HO ^aace h hmchh Moero bt> cnncKaxi. h- 
■amjiH". B'b chhck* HJieHOBT* TaflHaro o6mecTBa (ott» 30 nap-ra 18*24 r.). 
©npbiTaro (!) B-b KieB* reHepajiOMT* 3pTejieMT>, t. e. GbiBineft ^ohch Coe,HH 
HeHHbix*b CjiaBflHt, noM-BmeHo hmh Mux. OpjiOBa, Taicb ace KaKT> h reHepajia 
PaeBCKaro ( ApxnB-b r.iaBHaro IIlTa6a t 6yMarw no /VBJiy o Buc. nopyn., B03- 
JioacHa reH.-a^. Jleav^flBa. 1826 r. xbno M 4), o^Hano, bt> ne^aTHUXT* cnw- 
CKaxt aTofl aowB hu. TOT*b, hh ^pyrofl He sHanaTca ^awe h bx hhcji* noieT 

/lUXt ^JieHOBl,. 



136 H. CKMBBCKrft. 

I 

^to6h ohh nonpoSoBajiH bbccth ero wb cbohx'B jioaaxt. TypreHee* 
ncpewB btotb peraaiieHrB, hjh ijepeMOHiajrB npieaia, npeAciAaTejiro 

O^HOfi JI03KH, H TOTB 6HJTB B^ BOCTOprfc, ^TO HilterB cffiKOTOpHft 

chsjbojtb CTapHHHaro pyccKaro MacoHCTBa, fffeKoraa ctojh> BHaMeHH- 
Taro* l ). B-b to «e BpeMH OpaoBTb saaBHJTB TypreHeBy, yto «tojbk« 
'iro cocTaBBj-B aapo o6m;ecTBa, ocHOBaHHaro Ha bthxt* ocTaTKar** 
ciaparo MacoHCTBa h «Ha3Bajrc> cbohx'B npHBepaceHijeB'B: bto 6hih 
rh. M. (MeHfflHKOB'L) h r. B. (BeHKeHfloptfrb)*, nocjil^Hifi — TOBapHm* 
OpjOBa no ymuuimj a66aTa Hhkojih 2 ). Ho cjioBairb TypreHeBa, oh% 
HHor H D(a»BCTp , bqaji'B 9thxt> rocnofl'B, ho tojbko o^Haa^Bi roBopHjrt g« 

BTOpUM'L H31> HHXt o6t» HX'B 06meCTBt 8 ). 

Op JOB-b bo <J>pamjy3CKOM , B CBoeirB nncBBrfc K"l,hmu. HflKoaaio or* 
29 jteii. 1825 r. roBoparB, *rro noKirayjrB «pa6oTy» no cocTaBJieHiio 
sajjywaHHaro hm'b o6m;ecTBa BCjrfcflCTBie cflijiaHHaro hm'b OTKpuTia, 

1TO *COCTaBHJIOCL 06meCTB0 MOJIO.fliMX'B JHOflefi, TS^REKOWb'y HJIH nOTTH 

acen-fejio, cocToamee est> rBapaeficKHX'B o^HijepoB-B, KOTopoe, TaK«t 
yBjreueHHoe ycnixoMT> Coi03a .HoepoflfaejiH, paeoTaeTi* b'b tom^ ace 

CMWCJT&. fl c6flH3HJICH CB HHMH, HO npHCOeAHHflflCb K"B HHHTB. OAHffB 

Hobhkobt, 4 ) BXOAnrB B'B cHonieHie co mhobo». B'b npHMtqamn Op- 
job-b fltjiaeT-B oroBopKy, *rro bm4cto HoBHKOBa aojhkho ctohtb hh* 
AaeKcaHflpa Hhk. MypaBBeBa 5 ). ^a^ie bo $paHijy3CK0M r b nHCBMi 
Opj!0Bi» aiaaerB BecBMa npene6pea;HTejBHyH) xapaKTepncTHKy ycTasa 
CoK)3a Bjiaro^eHCTBia. TaKHM'B o6pa30Mi>, 3a4cb oht> yMajmHBaerB o 
Coioa-fe CnaceHia, OTjnmaBineMca 6ojrfce paflBKajiBHBiM'B xapaKTepoMt, 
h npH3HaerB cboh CHOmema vb Cok>30m , b BjiarofleHCTBia, KOTopara 
b'l J 817 r. enje ne cymecTBOBajio, T&Kb KaK'B Cons^ Cnacema 6hm 
npeo6pa30BaHTb B'L CoKra'B EaarofleHCTBia jihhib b'l 1818 ro#y. 

HanpOTHBT), B'B CBOeMT> 06fflHpH0M r B nOKa3afliH, HailHCaHHOM'B Ha 

pyccffOM'B asuwk B'L nepBUXT* ^HCJiaxi. HHBapa 1826 r.,' OpjiOB'B ro- 
bopbtid HHaqe: «CTapaacB npeooHHTB m> HaMtpeHiaM'B mohm'b mo- 
jto^hx'b JHO^efi, a roBopnji'B o ceirb 6HBnieMy npaBHTejiio KaHi(ejiapii 
MajopoccificKaro reH.-ryfiepHaiopa HoBHKOBy 6 ) hjih AaeKcaHjtpy 
MypaBBOBy. 0^33^ hstb hhx'b, He homhk) kto 7 ), otkphjh> mh*, hto 



J ) Cji'feflCTBeFHaa KOMMHecia no Khny l neKa6pHCT0Bi» noTpedoBUJia ai'oro Ma- 
cona bt> IleTep6yprB, ho oht* He ouji'b Hafl^eHi* bhhobhhmi>. N. Tourgue- 
n e t f, La Russie, I, 162. 

*) TIpHKOCHOBeHHOCTb kt> 3T03ty a^^Y BeHKeH^op$a Morjia 6hte oxho» 

H3Ti IlpHHHHt TOrO, HT0 anH30fl1> 3T0TT> HG HO^BeprCH HO^podHOMy H3CJI'B^«- 
BaHlJO CJTBflCTBeHHOft KOMMHCCJH. 

9 ) N. Tourgueneff. La Russie et les Russes I, 159—161. 

4 ) IIjieMSHHHKTb H3B"BCTHaro MacoHa, HJiem* Coioaa Cnacemn h Ootoaa 
BaaroitencTBia. 

5 ) 'IJieH'b rhxi* ace o6mecTBi>, hto h Hobhkobt>. 

*} Ko BpeMeHH cji-BACTBia o TaftHuxi 06mecTBaxi> Hobhrobib yace yMepi». 

7 ) H. M. MynaBteBT> bt> cboomt* ^HcTOpH^ecKOMTb odosp'BHiH xo^a o6me- 
CTBa* roBopHTx: .OecTejib ytxajn* bt» MaTasy, h AjieKcaH^pTb MypaBbeBi> «a- 
cTyaiLTb m-bcto cTap'BHraHHH* (bt» Cok)3* CnaceHia). .reHepajn* liHxafl*« 



OqfiPKH HBT> BCTOI'IH H^Kfi ABK^BPHCTOBt. 1ST 

TafiHoe ofinjecTBO, cociaBjieHHoe no Cojibmefi qacra H3i> mo^oawxt> 
o^Hn.epoBi, raapAia, yaco cocTaBJieHo, h cie oTKpuTie sacTaBHJio 6po- 
chtl bc4 moh npeacaia coqaHeHia*. ^ajiie OpjioB^ roBoparb, qxo 9T# 
jehho npeAJoacajio ©My boAth b'b oSmecTBo, ho Ha Bonpocb, kto er# 
qieHH, OTKasa-iiocL HasBaTb etb aiieHa, o^Haso ace, 0006111,00 Hx*b 
«o6m;ift naaH'b* — h xajriie OpjioB-B aajcaraerb HicKOJibKO qepra 
ycTpoflcTBa Coiosa Cnacema, npaSasjiaa, qTo, BCKopt nocjrb er# 
orbfeaa hb-b IIeTep6ypra, oho npeoSpasoBaaocb fiesx ero «Bt,fl;oMa a 
coAtfiCTBla» Bt Cobds'l BjraroAeHCTBia. 9to noKaaame BnojiH* y^o- 
cTOBtpaert, rto y OpjiOBa 6hjih cHoraeHia ct qjieHaMH Coro3a 
CnaceHia. Hjlqwi* BToro corosa IlecTejib, yfcxaBmift H3-L HeTepSypra 
AO npeofipasoBania ero B'b Cok>3^ BaaroAeHCTBia, b'b oAHOM'b hst. 
cbohxi noKaaaHiM roBoparb: «0 TaflHOM^ OSmecTBi, hoat> Ha3BaHieMB 
PyccKHx^ Puijapefi, roBopajn, mh4 ren. OpjiOB'b, cKa3HBaa, qTo kb 
oHony npaaanaeacajrb rp. MaMOHOBB. Y hhxt> 6buia neqaTHaa khh- 
»eqKa o(fr> ofini.ecTB'b, KOTopyro a, OAHaKO »e, He qaTaro*. 

B'b o^homts flOHeceHia (HaqajibHBKy mrafia, kh. BojiKOHCKOMy, orb 
4 iiapia 1822 r), npa coSapaHia HerjacHo cBiAiHifi Coroat Bja- 
roAeHCTBia, 6hjio «otkphto, i ito OAHHb h3t> qjeHOBi cymecTBOBas- 
ntaro eme ao $paHijy3CKofi boShh bb coSpaHHofi Ha nojbCKoft rpa^ 
BHij-fc apiiia ofimecTBa noAB neqaTbio* (HapacoBaHa KHara, npaaio- 
HeHHaa wh ejiiti) «a noJiaraBmaroca a^bho acqe3HyBinHM'b nparjia- 
man B'b OHoe K. I\, Ha3Bajrb eMy qeTHpex% qaeHOB'b, iieasAy npo- 
qairb AjieKcta HyniKHHa *) a ^M.-MaMOHOBa (He a^ioTaHTa Bainero 
ciaxejibCTBa) 2 ), a AaJn> coqaHeHHyio nocjrfcAHiiMb Gpomiopity: «Ha- 
CTasjeme pyccKOMy pbmapH>». Bt> oHofi BunacRaMif h3t> CBameHHaro 
IlHcaHia npaKpbrra itfuiB ofimecTBa; HaneqaTaHa oesB ijeH3ypbi». Bpo- 
niropa aTa, iawb mm yme SHaeMB, 6njia AificTBaxejibHO cocTaBJieHa 
MaTBieM^ AjreKcaHApoBaqeMB t B,MHTpieBbiM , b-MaMOHOBbiM'b. OfimeciBO, 
oyn;ecTBOBaBmee npeA'b $paHijy3CKofl boAhok) bt> apiiia, Bipoarao, . , 
Kaitaa ,?a6o MacoHCKaa jioaca. KorAa qjieHOMT* 9Toro o6^ecTBa ca^- 
^aica ^MHTpieB'b-MaMOHOB'b — Hea3BtcTHO. B&iTb MO«eTi>, vb to BpeMa, 
uorAa co cbohm'b Ka3aqbHMb hojebomi oht> HaxoAH-ica B'b 1813 roAy 
B r b 3anaAHofi Poccia; bb TaKOMi cjiyqa* cjioBa «ao (Jpani^yscKoft 
boShh* — HaAO noHHMaTb: «ao. noxoAa bo 3>paHijiK)». 

Kh. C. II. TpySei^KOfi. oahhi> H3X ocHOBaTejiefi Coiona CnaceHia, 



OpjiOBT> HaxOAHJica Tor^a bt> IIeTep6yprt. Oiui OTKpwjiiiCb APyrt ^pyry, no- 
TOMy hto Kaacflufi h3t» hhx'b cTaJix yroBapHBaTb Apyroro BCTynaTb bt» cboo 
o^mecTBO. IleperoBopH ciii Kon^njiHCb rbwh, hto ohii odfemaJiHCb He npenaT- 

CTBOBaTb OABHTb ^pyrOMy, H£fl KT> O^HOfi n.'BJIH, H OKa3bIBaTb 066* BSaHMHbia 

noco6ia. HameMy o6mecTBy CTajit H3B , BCTeH'B oahut> ren. OpaoBb, ero o6in,e- 
oTBy — oabht* *AjieKcaH,npi> MypaBbesB**. 

*) KaKOft-TO IlyinKiiHTb 6biJiT> ceKpeTapeMi> bt> MacoHCKOfi jiohcb Hmymax* 
MaHHH. KanHTaHT* Jiefld. tb. 2 apTHJi. 6pnr. nyniKHHt 6hun> qjieHOMB Jioaat 
TpexTb flo6poA*TejieH bt> neTep6ypr*B, ocHOBaHHoft bt> Hoa6p , B 1816 r. 

*) y KH. II. M. BoJIKOHCKarO dbUITy aA"bK>TaHTT> JjMHTpieB'b-MaHOHOB'b, He 
MaTB'Bft AjieKCaHApOBHH'b. 



138 B. C K M E B C E I 1 

waajni, 'itu kt> qnciy ijiohobtj oSnjecTBa PyccKHX'b Pun,apeft npHHaA- 
xe»M% kh. MeHfflincoB'L '). C H. MypaBbeBt - Anocma'b roBopHTT* 
o Coiost CiiaceHiH (xotji h He na3hiBafl ero no hmohii), q*ro oh'b 
fiuji-h «i»cHOBaHT> 9 KameTca bt> 1816 rojy», a urn omjtb upwiflrB bt> 
Hero Bi. Hauajif> 1817r., h iipnoaBjifleTx, »ito «bi> to me caiioc BpeMn 
(MB npeiKfle, hjih nocit, He 3Haio) B03HKKajio o6meeTBO APyroe, ko- 
ero ocHOBarejieM'i, 6tijn> M. 0. OpjiOBT*, HaauBaiomeeca, ecjiu He 
onjHoatocb, «Ptmap>iMH IlpaB,nu», cjiHBmeerH BnoejrkACTBin ct. Ha- 
*}. IIocjiiiAHia cioBa, b^pohtho, 03Haqaiorij no3AHifin]ee 
ftoxyruesiie caMoro OpaoBa bt> Cok)3 , b BjiarofleHCTBia, KyAa oht>, no 
HUpaatofiifc) H3BicTHoft sarnicim rpn6oBCKaro, «6pa;iofl BOBJieib Ma- 
MGHOBa*, ho nocjrtflHitt, oqoBHAHO, Bcjif>ACTBie CBoeii ^yiueBHOfi 6o- 
jtiuijii, ne c^tjiajicH <i<ieHOMT> OonjecTBa, a jw& ^pyrie iipHBepscemju 
OpjuBu., kh. MeHmmioB'b h BeH&cHAopiJrb, BCTyuHTb bt> Hero He no- 
ECJaw OAHaiKAbi liocjitAaifi, bi> pasroBopt cl II. H. TypreHe- 
BUM'b a ) 3 no noBO#y npeAJioaceHifl coe^uHHTb o6ra;ecTBO, no^roTOB- 
jjiewoe Op.iOBbiMTb, cb 001030311* BjiaroAeHCTBia, cicasajrb, qio oht* vr 
Lv'iiiT^r;, HeofJxotfiiMiJM'b coe^uHHTb am ABa oSmccTBa b^ oaho, mio 
uymnu uocMOTpiTb, naicb oyAerb A^ficTBOBaTb Coios'b BjiaroAeHCTBifl, 
n ijrtcTyimTb cooSpasno TOMy, 6y^erb jh out, HM-kTb ycntx'b, hjih h^tt,. 
Typre-n^B r b He 6w;rb q.ieHOM'b Coi03a CnaceHia, h CHOineHiflX'b Opjosa 
rh oro f iJieHaMii 0H/b He ynoMHHaerb. Ho TaKT. Kaicb caMT> Typre- 
mwh H'Tynnji'b bx Cok^t* Bjaro^eHCTBifl bt» 1819 roAy, to cjrfcflOBa- 
■nubim «me h bt> 9to BpeMJi OOmecxBo PyccKHX'b Pbiuapeft cqara- 
jiocb (x<&$ h HOMnnajibHo) cymecTByionuiM'b. 3to noATBepacAaeTca h 
<joftaMH Opjiosa, qTo, Kor^a ero npnrjianiajiM b^ Coids^ BjiaroAGH- 

I'TByTj TO OH'B l iaCTO «H3'b OAHOfi OTTOBOpRH» yTBepJEAa^j ^TO HpH- 

najo^cjKjir& rb ^pyrony o6mecTBy — PyccKHX'b Pbmapeii. ELoBTOMy h 
hi> oAHOM'b AOHOcb, noAaHHOMi* iiMnepaTopy AjieiccaHApy bo BpeMfl cy- 
jHec-TBOBaBifl CuK)3a BjiaroAeHCTBia, ynoMHHaeica Coroat PyceKHXi 
PhmRpeii n upHHaAJiemnocTH kt» neMy M. OpjiOBa h rp. MaMOHOBa. 

riujjrnnecirie njiaHbi OpAeHa PyccKHX'b PwniapeS BupasHjiHCb 3% 
cxcmI; npeo6pa30BaHifi, cocTaBjeHHoft rp. r ^MHTpieBHM r b-MaMOHOBbiin> 
r *"nxpuHiiBUieficfl bt, ero SyMaraxi*. 

MlUiohob'b npeAJiaraeT'b yqpe^HTb H^poAHoe Btqe, KOTopoe a^mtoh. 
liii Airh najiaTbi—najiaTy BejibMoacb h na.iaTy MimaHV «IIaj[aTa B€Jib- 
uowu coctoht'b 113^ 221 HacjitACTBeHHLix'b BejbMom'b rocyAapcTBa, 
Baajibii mmx'b yA^JiaMH* HeoTqyavAaeMbiMH, «Bii rtx'b o6jiacTflx , b», orb 

ROrO[UJXb OHH HBJiaHDTCH ^HaCJltA^TBeHHUMH npeACTaBHTeJIHMH H a^- 

l ) ^yanncKH kh. Tpy6eu,Koro u , H3A- ero Aonepeii, M. 190(5, crrp, 84. 

') K% Tpy6ei^Kofi ynoMriHaeTt bt» CBoeMt noicaaaHiH, hto, iKaaceTca He- 
L*Te4b ti kh. JIonyxKHt" (o6a HJiena Coio3a CnaceHia) .xoi'fejiH CTapaTLca sa- 
w*ptm cHoinenia no o6mecTBy ct> M. 6. OpJioBUMt". 

") H. MypaBteBt Ha3UBaon> TypreneBa npe^cTaBHTejioMi> b% HerepGyprlv 
1 mi- ' in,i, ycTpaiiBaeMaro OpjioBbiMt. 



I 



01BPKH H8b HCT0P1H HAEft AEKAEPHCIOB'b. 13ft 3 

HjTaTaMH». Bt> cocTaBi, ^IlaaaTu Haca'hACTBeHHHX'b lrpencTaBHTejiefi 
bxoahjh eme 442 «npocrax , b» ABopaHHHa, «He HacjrfeACTBeHHHX'b,, 
ho H36paHHHXT>npeflCTaBHTejiefl:>, bi> qncjrb kohx-b aojhkhh 6um 6hti>- 
«npeacTaBHTejiH HoiibCKaro IJapcTBa*, iioat* naTpoHaTOMT* KieBCKHxi, if 
boiwhckhxti napoBT,, «AenyTaTLi .m^jiflH^CKaro, KypjflHACKaro h $hh- 
MHACKaro mMxeTCTBa, noAt naTpoHaTOMT> HoBropoflcitaro n,apcTBa, 
rpjBHHCKie ,j,enyTaTH nojn> npoTeKTopaTOMT> AcTpaxaHcitaro uapcTBa. 
CBepx'b BToro Bb najiaii BejibMoan. ^ojiskhij Chjui saciJAaTb 10 Aeny- 
TaTOBTb pyccKaro puijapcTBa h uiecTb ^enyiaTOBTb orb BOjibHbix r b ro- 
poAOBi> *), a o6mee racao ^acHOB-b paBHJiJioeb 679. B'b npoeark He- 
oS'bacHeHO, Kara o6pa3yioTCH «HenpiiKOCHOBGHHbieyAtJiH»BejibMO>K'b J — 

6yA7T'b JIH 8T0 HXT) C06CTBeHHHfl HaCjrfiACTBeHHLIH HM'IiHm, CA^JraHHUfl 

Heof^ysnaeMbiMH, hjiii 9th HirfcHifl tfyAyrb noacajiOBaHbi, Kara npeA- 
nojiarajiocb bt> «ILyBKTax , b». 

Hhjkhhh HajiaTa no aTOMy npoeKTy hochti HasBanie «IIajiaTbi 
MimaHTb*. «TaK , b nasbiBaeMbie M*maHe», CKa3aH0 b-b npoeKTt,«AOJiacHH 
cocTaBHTbca h3t> AenyTaTOB'L ropoAOB r b», KOTopiie «Moryn> 6HTb 

B36HpaeMbl» UWb ABOpSH'b, AyXOBHMX'L JIHIJ'b, Mimam, KynuoBX, 

MacTepoBwx'b h «nocejum'b». KaacAHfi ropoAi> AO«eH'b H36paTb 
no rpn aenyTaia: no OAHOMy ABopflHHHy, no OAHOMy Kynn;y hjih ay- 
xoBHOMy Jinny h no o^HOMy peMecjieHHHKy hjh nocejiflHHHy; a 8tk 
xpoe H3onpaHm> qoTBepiaro He hsx cBoefi cpeAH, Bee paBao hsb Ka- 

KOrO COCJOBifi, KOTOpblfi H HBJUieTCH «HapO#HHMT> npe^cTaBHTejieMii*. 

ABTop r b npoeirra nojiara.i'L, ito Taitux'b npeACTaBiiTejiefi oyAerb oko.iu 
3000 »ie.iOBtra. r^enst ^jia yqacria B'b Bbtfopi HapoAHbix-b npeA- 
CTaBHTC.iefi h a^h Toro, hto6u 6uTb BLiSpaHHbJM'b B'b na.iaTy Mimam., 
ne ynoMnnaeTCff, no, Kara tojtlko hto Shjlo yicasaHO, BbiSopH npeA- 
noiaraiucb He iipjiM&ie, a AByxcTeneHHtie. 

B'b KajKfloii najiari npeActAaTejibCTByeT'b H36paHHHii Ha oahht> 

rOJ'b fiOJIbraHHCTBOMTb rOJOCOBl lIOCaAHHK r b 231. HHCJia BeJIbMOKTb HJIB 

«BepxoBHHX , b pbmape^» 2 ). OAHHt mi* AByx'b HMnepcKHX'b nocaAHH- 
EOBt HMierb raaBHoe naiajibCTBO HaA'b BOfiCKaMH, APyrofi — cyA'B \i 
pacnpasy, noAoSHO phmckpimx KOHcyjiaMi,. IIepeH36paHie nocaAHHKOB'b 
na cjitAyromifi toa'b hh wh icaKOMi. cjiy^ai He AonycKaeTca 

Poccia pa8A"hJiHeTca no npoeKTy ,H,MHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa Ha 8 ijapcTBi* 
u KpoM* Toro D^apcTBo JIojibCKoe, KypjiflHAiio, JlufyjiaERiio, ^hhjieh- 
iah) m rpy.jiro. Abtop'l npoeKTa npeAJiaraeT-b BBeAenie cyAa npncaac- 
iilixT). Boflcito, no ero Maiaiio, aoj^ho 6utl Tpex'b poaobb: 1) «6ojib- 
mail A^ficTByionjafl apMifl>, 2) «napoAHaa cxpaaca*, hjih Han;ioHajib- 



] ) Kieea, AeTpaxauH, KaaaHH, OAeccu, HoBropo^a h ilpocjiaBJia. 3tu 
jenyTaTH ^ojihchh 6mjih 3ac r feAaTb bt> naJiaT* BejitMOHct, xoth 6m ohh 6u:i 1; 
h He ABopHHe (.njie6eiiHe"). 

*) Bi» KaKAofl naaarB aojiwho 6hjio 6litb no oAHOMy ^BtmaTejno*, mjiie 
opaTopy, h no OAHOMy .nopy^HKy", hjih Ha6jiFOAaTejno aa HcnojiHeHieMt Ae- 

KpeTOBt. 



140 B. CEMKBCKlft. 

;iafl rBiipAtH ii 3) KBtneBaa cTpaaca*, HaxoAaaiaflftH bt> pacnops»e- 
tttn na^alieHTa h BaBHcsmaa HenocpeACTBenHo orb nero l ). 

► MOSflpXHqeCKOft BJiaCTH B'B dTOWb npoeiCrfc KOHCTHTyitfH BOBOe 

firinniHacTGfl, h hto aBTop-b hm4jit> bt> BH^y pecnySjHKaHCKoe 
vcTpoficTBo, mo;kho naiuio'iHTb m'b Toro, uto bt> aairbTKli, noirfcmeH- 
nofi uocj'b onucaHia ycTpofidBa aapoAaaro wfcqa, ManoHOBt, ccm- 
ajicij mi pa3roHT> ncnaHcicHXi> KopTecoBb, yTBepHC^acrB, qTO «njajRTb 
(T{!p;nroBT>) 3aa i iHTT» upirroTOBjiflTb, KOBaTb Ha ce6a okobh 6ojriie 
TJi&e.ibitf, utMi. rb, KOTopwa xoTHrb CKaayTb*. Kopiecbi 6hjm paao- 
ruanu ^upflHHaHfloirB VII bt> 1814 ro^y. 

OrMIClCaB'b HOAaBHO 0#Hin> AOKyMeHTT, C'b H'fcCKOJIbKHMH CTpOKaMM 

uGiURuiiHMpytiHaro nucbua rp. M. A. ;jMHTpieBa-MaMOHOBa, 3a ero 

iitHUnaiHV 11 Mon> imojiHt necoMHfeHHo ycTaHOBHTb, mo lisjioacSffHaa 

: iryOjHKaHCLioi} KOHCTHTyi^in nanacaHa pyuoio rp. ^MHTpieBa- 

taiwoTOfia h, BtpoaTHo, cocTaB.iena iiM-b no >Ke.iaHiK) M. G. OpjroBa 2 ); 

?flj paooTa ca-Moro MaMOHOBa Biia.no list Maornx^ nonpaBOK'b bt> 

i'ik Tenepb cTanoBflTca Biio.iirh iiohhthmmh HticoTopHH qepra 

-XOfltW'Bil MOHC^y OTOft CXeMOK) H H3BtCTHHMH VJKB HUM'b «IIyHKTaMH, Upe- 

1 M^iro bo UHy.rpenHeM'b OpAeBi yqeHia», a hmohho — ycraaoBJieHie 

Lr.rha;n , weHHHX'b Be;iLM9/KX (bt> IlyHitTaxT> — 200, Bb npoeiirfc pecny6- 

w>HCTirryiuH—221), Jipn <iomt>, o^naKO, bt> «IIyflKTaxb» 9th 

BeafcitoffiH cocTaB.uiiOTb b Bitot cb AenyraTaMu 01 v b ABopuH'b a Jlt- 

ittaBlj o^mTb ceHari>, a bt> npoeiat KOHCTirrynin 01111 axo^afb b^ 

cwr&wu oco6ofi najiara BeJibMOJK'b; n r b «IIyHi£Tax'L» yqpeaujaeTCH 

Qppfitn I'biijapefi Fyc^tcaro Kpecia, wl upoenrfe KOiiCTmyijiH ynoiiH- 

na»Ti;ji aPyceKie Pbm,apn» 11 aeuyTaTbi on* mix'b, npn qesib yxe 

uiponoMb, flt'rL ptqn HaAt.ieHin iixb uoMtobHMH, seMJUMa 1 

ptnommH, a iiM-b npHAaeica .uiiub 3Ha i ieflie «ooepj3raTejiefi .kohctm- 

jUtii-. ntieBofi cTpa3Kn», iiaxoAamefica Bb pacnopajKeHin napia- 

neura 11 ^iaBucsni.eii orb aero. ffr> «IIyuKTax r L» npeAJiaraeTCfl cewn 

ropo^'LAiT, (MocKB'b, Bjia^HMipy na KjwiabMi, KieBy, KasaHu, BejH- 

^?ay iloBropo^y, HaacHeMy HoBropo,ay h ilpocjiaBJuo) AapoBaHie^- 

ipash u npHBHjierifi, kotopumh nojb30BajiHci» Bb PiiMCKoli HMnepin 

80JibEM€ nAinepcKie raH3eficKie ropoAa, Bb irpoeKT* KOHCTiiTyi^iM 

yiJOMlIHUfOTCfl llieCTb BOJIbHUXT. TOpOAOBb. SaM^TKa 06*b IICIiaHCKlIX'b 

1:0 pi^c ux'b, HanncaHHaa Taume pyKOK) MaMOHOBa, iin.iaeTCfl KaKT> 6m 



) M/iirpaJibHfeiMH aAMUHUCTpaTHBHbiMii y4peHc^6Hifl&iu, no iipoeKry U&- 

PtfJjKOHa flL^HlOTCH „,HyMbl"; TOJIbKO MHHHCTepCTBO IIHOCTpaHHUX'b A-fejit Ha3Bau« 

nocojii^fc^M'b npHKa30MT>; kpomIj Hero npe^nojiaraJiocb ynpe^inb inecTb njm>: 

I } pHTl I LI XL ;vfeJI"b, 2) MOpCKHXT> A'feJI'b, 3) 60JIbniOft Ka3HbI (MHHIICTepCTB* 

iftiiUiittco&'b), 4) BHyTpeHHeft ynpaBbi (muh. BHyTpenHiix'b A r kJn>), 5) ToproBaa 
0) yicHaa ayMa. MaMOHOBi» o6pamaeTb BHHMaHio Ha to, tto ohi He 
WWTS&rh lryjicabiMH MHHHCTepcTBa nojiimin, locTnaiit h HcnoB-b/taHiH. 

Bb cumomi> HanaJit pyKonacH CKa3auo: .ryGepHCKoe y^pcatAeuie, n*%b 
^oTopbiaij BM HcejiaeTe 3acTaBHTb mohh pa^oTaTb". CjiOBa 3th, BBpoflTHe, 
^MnrTMiinnrb o6Hpamenie kt> OpjiOBy. 



OyEPKH H^T. MCTOP1M HA*$ AEKAEPHCTOB'L. 14!* 

B08paaceHi6M'b pecnyO.iHKaHu.a MOHapxHcxy-KoncTHxyujoHajiHcxy h 3a- 
••raBjaert AyMaxb, *ixo ^MHTpieBL-MauoHOB-b bt> 9x0 BpeMH 6wrL. 

HpOHBKHyTL fiOJrfce paAHKaJIbHblMH B033ptHiaMH, q*M> OpJIOBX. 

IToBTopaio, xenepb HecoMHtHHO, ^to cxejia pecnyOjiiiKaHCKOfi koh- 
f-THTyn.iH cocTaB.ieHa MaMOHOBLiM'L, jio Ha ocHOBamH H3BtcTHara 
B0Ka3aHia IlecTejifl mobcho AyMaxb, qxo owl ysHsurb o Heft (b*- 
ponTHO, 6e3i> iiweHH aBTopa) OTt HoBHKOBa, ii hto peciiyojniKaHCKaj* 
KOHCXHxyuia HoBHKOBa, o Koropofi ynoMUHaenb IlecTejib, ecxB xa 
caMaa, noxopaa 6mia B3axa, Butcxii cb 6yMaraMH ^MuxpieBa-MaMO- 
HOBa, x. e. coeTaBjioHHafl hm/b cxe&ia itoncxnxyijiH. 

H3JioaceHHEJfl bt* HacToamefi rjiaB* npejuiojiO/Kema o nojiaxHqe- 
cKHXt upeo6pa30BaHiflXTb M. 0. OpjioBa ii M. A. ^MHrpiema-MaMO- 
HOBa, oxinqaronueca npa bcbm-l nojuiTHiecKOMTb pajj,HKajin3M r h Mano- 

HOBa apHCTOKpaTHqeCKHM'B XapaKTepOM-L, IipHMHKaEOX'B IVb U,tjIOMy 

paAy wyrnx'b npeAnojoaseHift, bx> koxopblxxi, bt> xofi hjih hhoA ^opMt, 
B03JiaraK)Tca HaAOKABi Ha apncTOKpaTiio, Rain, ua oxpaHHxejiBHHUj 
HOiHTHqecKofl cbo6oah; TaKOBH: BanHcua CnepaHCKaro vb 1802 r. *)\ 
6ec*Aa rp. n. A. OrporaHOBa cx> rp. C. P. BopoHn;oBbiM'B Bt 1802 r. r . 
ipoeaxii rpa$a MopABHHOBa. ^,aace H. H. TypreHeBt npeAJiarajn> 
jmpe»A6Hie napoBt, cHaqajia b*b CMiicjrfc hckjho^hxcjibho coBtmaxeab- 
Haro yspeameflia, ii3i> 6oraTHx-b noii'fcmHKOB'B, ocboSoahbihhx'b cbohxt* 
KpecTLaHi>. HpHHaB'L bo BHHManie Bee sto xe^eHie, ciaHerb hohhx- 
ate h orpoMHbifi H35iipaTejibHbifl npasi*, ycraHOBjieHHbifl bb npoeKTaxt 
KOHCTHTyu,iH H. M. MypaBbesa 2 ), A*a Bcix-L H36npamnefi, KpoMk 
KpecTbaHb, h apacTOKpaTHiecKaa xeHAeHijia m> KOHcxHxyitfoHHOM'B- 
ipoeKxi ^eKaSpacTa BaTeHbKOBa 3 ). 

B% oSmecTBo npoHHOH cayxH, xoxa h 3Ha*iHTe.flBH0 no3AHte, a 
npoeKxi EOHCTHTynin OpjioBa h rp. ^lorrpieBa-MaMOHOBa. 16 anpijDi 
1820 r. H. TypreHeB r L iracajrB CBoeMy 6paxy Cepriio: «roBopHjm r 
hto OpjiOBi)* (cjiyajHBinifi B r b to BpeMa bx> KieBt) «cpa3cyjKAa^- 

BeBAt KOHCTHTyUJH... HaKOHGIli'L, CEa3aJIH, *IXO OH r b t3AHJI'b B'l, 

MocKBy, hto6h pa3CM0Tptob cl MaMOHOBbiMi) c^aHHyK) hmh koh- 
6THTyn,iK) am Poccin. Btopb nocjiiAflifi cjiyx^ aonieji'b h ao rocy- 
Aapa, IIocjr&AHee, qT0 cjiyxTb ao rocyAapa Aouiejrb, — KaaceTca, B*hpHO>. 
H. TypreHeBi> coB'frroBaji'b OpaTy saixaTb bt> KieBii h nochTHTi>- 
OpiOBa: 4CCT) xaEHMH jnoAbMH, — Ao6aBJiaeTT> oh'b, — piA^o mohcho bi>- 
CBiii BCxpiTHXbca. Djcxb BBiAyMaK)XT>, ito xh isAHJi'B rjisi nepero- 

BOpOB'B KOHCXHXyuiH*. 

Bt> 1819 r. ,]I,eHHCi> AaBUAOB^, Ha3biBaa M. OpjioBa v<HAeoJio- 
roMi>>, nncajTB o HeMt KacejieBy: ^KaKi) oh'b hh AtoJKt, a hh eMy r 
km 64meH0My MaMOHOBy He cxpaxHyxb a6coJiK)XH3Ma bt> Poccih». 
v B. CeMeBCKJH. 



J ) Cm. mo» CTaTb» o Heii bt> .PyccKOMi* Bokltctb*' 1907 r. J^& 1. 
a) H. MypaBbeB-L 6hun> xopomo 8HaK0Mi> cb Qp&OBUH'b: o6a ohh 6uw* 
^jiei^aMH Apsanaca. 

*) Cm. mow CTaTbio bi» »cypn. ^Bwaoe" 1907 r. >6 2. 



EE3IlPIK)THblfr 

Ojia Fancona. Hep. B. 0. 



Ha ahax!* ^ahjtb wh pojtfiyio A^peBHro. I1oai> Be<iepi> a 
atiniejn> noryjiaTb. ^opora pa3M0KJw orb oceHHaro aohcah, cb 
KpacHOBaTHXTb B^TBen hbh najiajiH KaruiH, h 3eMJia h He6o cjih- 
jihcl B'b acejiTOM'L TyMaH^. Mh* KaaaJiocb, hto a HHKoryja He 
Guji'b bh4 3Toro TyMaHa, hto a HHKorAa He Btififly H3T> Hero, 

IT MHt XOTBJIOCB 3aBepHyTBCa nOKpime B'B noKpHBaJio H yc- 

HyTb KptnKo m chokohho, KatCB cnaoib jihihb B'B ^tTCTBt. Bee, 

Hero H AOCTHPB, BCe, H$>Wb a CT8JTB TaMT,, B'B TOM'B Mip*, 3a 

stem^ acejiTbiMT), cbipHM'B TyMaH0MT>,-~y3H, CBa3yK)in;ia MeHa 
c% ApyrHM# 'jiioabmh, HHTepecu h 3anpocH, AaBinie yace pe- 
■^yjiLxaTH, rope h paAOCTH, CBepKaiomia HaAeacAH h ctpeHBKia 
pasoqapOBama— Bee Ka3ajiocb uwh xpynKHM'B, tohho KapToi- 
Hiifi aqmhk'b; a 3a necTptiM'B y3opoMi> (|>aHTa3iH npocBiHHBajrL 
Bee TOT'B-ace aeejiTHH TyMaH'b. Mh* ^yMajiocb, hto a naTHaA- 
naTb ji£tb THi;eTHo nNTaJica ydtoaTb otb co6cTBeHHOM t6hh, 

^TO fl XOT'fejTB npOM^HaTB MOe HHTHMHOe si Ha KaKia TO nyjK- 

HHR mhIj 3anjiaTH, h naraaAUaTb JiiT'B CBajiHJiHCb cb AepeBa 
Moett jkh3hh, to^ho naraaAUaTb yBaAmax'B JiHCTbeB'B. H MHt 
noKasajiocb, hto 3to a TaMT> inararo bt> TyManfe, 6poeaa sepHa 
bt. pacnaxaHHyio 3eMJiio, hjih nacy oTijoBCKoe CTa.no. 

Ho aa^i) Moeft rojiOBofi BApyro npoHecca p'fesKift kphicb 
AHKHX*b rycefi; CTaa nopuBHCTo Jierfwia h3te> TyMaHa K'B cojihuv, 
Kh K>ry— h yBaflinie JiHCTba bhobb no3ejieH'fcjra, h bhobb npo- 
idjih nepeAO mhok) nepejKHTNe roAH, h hobhh HejiOBisiCB, nejio- 
B'feK'L khmfb h jJioAefi, OTA'&JiHJica oti> CTaparo h BCTaJTB ne- 
peAO mhok). H tohho noBa3Ka cnaJia cb mohxtb rjias'B: CTpaHa 
BOKpyrB 6biJia yj*ce He Ta, hto upeacAe, h nocTpoflKH CTajiH 
Apyria, h Jitma cMOTpijia HHane; KOft-Tro npntfaBHJiocb, koh- 
^to hc^jio. H a noAyMajii>, hto 3A*cb naTHaAUaTB pa3T> se- 
jrerfejia HOBaa acaTBa h naAaJia noA'B cepnoMT>, h hto KaatAwfi 
A6Hb B% 3TH naTHaAHiaTB JltTTb 3ByqsujiH 3A r kc& u;epKOBHue ko- 
.TioKOJia; AyMaji'B a o hobhx'b rpo6axi> Ha KJiaA^nni;*, h npus- 



b jj 3 n p i ju r h h It. 143 

parc* 6peHH0CTH, h3m1jhhhbocth BCTauiT* MeaeAy MHoro h npoia- 

JIHM'B, H a OCTaHOBHJICfl BSIMiaAOM'B Ha AByXT> TeMHHX'B OTBep- 

CTiax'b, hto cMOTptJia Ha Mena, 6yATO HepHHa rjia3Htia Bna- 

AHHH B'B 6-fejIOMTb Hepent. 9T0 6HJIH JIHOIb flBa TeMHHX'B OKHa 
B'B flpKO BH6'fejieHHOH CT'fcH'fe. 

a CTOaJTB npejt'B OtiHKHOBeHHOH flaTCKOH KpeCTBHHCKOli 

ycaAB6oft, cb nerapBMa KBa«paTHUMH npncrpotf KaMH h^ckojibro 
<5TapHHHaro Tana h BecBMa neqaaBHaro BHAa. CojioMeHHaa 
KpHnia pacrpenaaacB h nopocjia aejieHMMt mxomt>; H3BecTKo- 
Baa niTyKaTypKa oTBajiHJiacb otb rjiHHaHbix'B cr&HB h o6Ha- 
atHJia 6ojiBinia rojina nflraa. HasKaa Kpwnia, MajieHBKia okhr 
H3X HeTbipexi) cTeKOJi'b— see 61saho h neqajibHO, 3a HCKJimeHi- 
eirB OAHoro <J>jrarejia, BHXOAamaro Ha yjrau;y, xoTa h owl Te- 
nepb oTAaHTb b'b ActfbiHy BiTpy h HenoroA'fe; Ha HeMT* bhah*- 
lOTca eme, OAHaKo, cjt&ah crapNX'B nonbiTOK'B npiyKpacHTB 
sro, h ero KaMeHHbia crfeHH, BHcoKia OKHa h creKJiairaaH 
ABepb cb ocTaTKaMH BepaHAM BbirjiaAarb Ha o6meM*B $owb 
ycaffbtiu, KaKi) HOBoe nJiaTbe Ha CTapoarB tfpoAark. 

fl DpHCJiOHHJica k"b KaMeHHOft CT^nt, Girymefl: baojib ao- 
pora BOKpyrB caAa, h MeacB kophbhx'b ctbojiob'b cTapwx'B bh- 
3ob*b CMOTptji-B Ha nycTbia nepHbia OKHa (|>acaAa. H b*b caAy 
Bee Toate H3MtHHJiocb. IlBtTO^Hue ra30HH o6paTHJracb B'B rpaA- 
kh KapTO(J)ejia h CBeKJiu, HCKOBepKaHHaa nsropoAB Topnaaa, 

KaK*B npOTHBHUfl C&ABia KOJIIOMKH He6pHTOH 6opOAH, a AJIHHHHe 

kohuh xBopocTa TjmyjiHCb BnepeAT), K2lkt> najibijbi crapqecKOji 
xyAOH pyKH. Bo Asopfe nepeA'B ABepbio— KOJiOAe3b; 6epeMeH- 
Haa aceHmHHa BHimia, BUTflHyjia ABa BeApa boah, nocroaJia h 
nocMOTpiJia Ha MeHa. JKejiTbie h KpacHbie JincrbH MeAJieHHo 
naAaJiH cb bh30bs> na MeHa h CKaTHBajmcB Ha 3eMJiK>, yace 
ycTJiaHHyio jihctbo#. BBepxy ^lto-to mypuiajio; 3to Bopona ko- 
iiofflHJiacB y rafesiia. 

0, KaiCB Bee 6peHH0, H3M r IiH«i0BO, npexoAHiije... CHOBa rjiasa 

MOH, TOHHO npHKOBaHHbie, BHepaiOTCfl B'B TeMHblfl OKHa. Ohh 

rjiaA^rb na MeHH, 3th deKJia, KaKT> Mpannue rjia3a, ncnyraHHO, 
6e3noMom;HO, BonpocHTejibHO, tohho 3a hhmh chahtb kto-to h 
Tep3aeTca Taatejioii 3araAK0H o CTpaAaniax'B ^eJiOB-feKa. SI cto- 

HJl'B B'B OMCHAaHiH, HT0 B0TB-B0TB Bbip'feateTC.H Ha TeMHOMT* 
CTeKJI* HeH-TO 6tJIHH o6pa3T>, MH* Ka3aJI0Cb, HTO ABHaceTCH 

kto-to BH.yTpH, yAepncHBaa AwxaHie, h hto h ero 3Haio. Ho 
BApyrB HajieTiJi'B nopHBT> BtTpa, h b'b BepxymK'fe bh30b , b ea- 
myM'feJio h aaTpeneTajio, — saniyM'fejio tohho noKpbreajio naTpyn'b, 
3aTpeneTajio, KaKi> BocnoMHHaHie o npeACMepraoH nicHfe. H a 
oHHyjica h Bee bchomhhji'b. 

B'b oahoh H3T> 6ecbR0K r b 9Toro caMaro caAa, Ji'feT'B naTB TOMy 
HaaaA'B, bt> JiyHHyio ji-bTHioio ho%, a cha^ji-b cb ApyraM'B mo- 

JIOAHM'B ^eJIOB'feKOM'B, MOHX^ JltTB. CTpOHHblH 6jI0HAHH'B, OH*B 



144 OJA rAHCOHT*. 

6hjii> rM6oKT> h ynpyrB, KaK'B aaKajieHHtifi kjihhokb; ero jihuo 
HanoMHHajio jieaaHoe JiesBie, a ero cfepHe rjiaaa cBepKajm, 
Kaics> cTajiBHaa ninara hjih KaK'B oTfijiecrcB coJiHita bb Kanjiaxi* 
AoacAa. 3Bajra ero AHuepcB TopcoH^, h oin> <5hjtb xoaaHHOirb 
3to# ycaABtfu. Chht> MyacHKa, oht> ^;o6hjich HSBtcTHocTM yqe- 
Haro, ho BepHyjica kb fftJiy OTija. O/uraoRifi, KaK'B HyaceaeM- 
hbih i^b^tokT), aaHeceHHMH bt> HaaiH Jiyra, oht> cha$jtb npeao 

MHOlD BB Ty HOHB H pa3CKa3BIBaJTB MB* CBOK) HCTOpiH), TeMHyK) 
3 tJmBTaCTHHHyK), KaK'B AJIHHHHa T&HH, KOTOpHH THHyJIBCb Bl> 
JiyHHOM-L CBtTt IIO paBH&Hll. 

3Ta JlllTHaH HO^IB H 3TOTb pa3CKa3*B BOCKpeCJIH H3T> MCpT- 

bbixb, Kor,n;a a, onepmncB o crfeHy, rjiaalurB Ha nepHtitf oicea, 

H BepXyiHKH BflSOBT) HiyMtjIH Ha^Tb MOefl TOJIOBOK). To^ho ne- 

bhammuh pyKH BHrarHBajiH 0T,zv&JiBHHa hhth H3i> cnyxaHHaro 
y3Jia MOHXTb BocnoMHHaHin, Kor.ua a MeAJieHHO inejit flOMoii h 
Ha 36MJTH) cnycTHJiHCb BenepHia cyMepKH— oceHHia, THxin, ne- 
qajiLHbiJi cyMepKH. ,fl,Ba cfepHX'B rjiasa, CBepKaromnxt, Katti> 
oSHasfceHHaa ninara hjih KaK'B hckopkh cojraua bb A03KAeBUXT> 
icanjiflx^, CTOAJiH npe#o mhoh, h a cjiHinaJTB 3ByKH anaKoMaro 
rojioca— He 3Haio, bo Mnfe hjih oTKyaa-TO H3,zjaJieKa... 
Oht> roBopHJTB: 

„,. MOH HCTOpiH HaHHHaeTCa, C06CTBeHH0, B'B MaJieHBKOM'B 

Cafe du Lac bi> KoneHrareHi, rjifb a CHA'feji'B oflHaacflbi aa KO(|je 
a ra3exoH no^B Beiepi> [acHaro anplwiBCKaro ahh. KejibHepi> 
fiirajiB MeacB ctojihkob'b, Kaccnpma nepeziaBaJia 3aKa3hi no 
rejie^ony, nociTHTejin CMiHajra apyrB apyra, hahmb ctojijix 
B-b MaJiuHbKOM'B aajrfe. fl CHfltJTB y nojiyoTKpuTaro OKHa. Jler- 
Kaa cn3aH flbiMKa Jieacajia Hafli* MopeM^; B03ayxi> 6Hjn> no- 
jiOHt BeceHHHMTb TpeneTOM'B n 6'faibifl pa3cfeflHHbia o6jiaKa, Jier- 
KUh KaKB nyxi>, hccjihcb no CHHeMy He6y. 

Bee 9to— H3BHls h BHyipn— AaBajio mh* HeonpeA'feJieHHoe 
HacTpoetrie yTOMJieHia h nopHBa; yTOMJieHia, whwbl— nopHEa, 
ki> HeMy? He 3iiaio; MarKie OTrfcHKH ^yBCTBa MejiBKaJin bo mh^ 
MUMOJieTHoii rtHBio, to'iho 0T6jiecKH Ha mejiKy hjih BitepOKi, 

E&jTb CJIOKOHHOH TJiaflBH) MOpH. 

>1 paenjiaTHJiea h BbimejiB; Bceo6in.ee omHBJienie uapajio 

Ha yjlliut. HHHBKH KaTHJIH nOBOSO^KH, HSTt) KOTOpHXTb MH^ yjIH- 

fiajinct MajieHBKia A*TCKia JiHii,a; Myac^HHii uijih B'B pa3CTe™y- 
Tyxh najiBTO, h bb noxoAKi h flBHacemaxB hxt* hcho qyBCT- 
BosajiacB npiaTHaa ycTaJiocTB, KOTopaa aBJiaeica paHHen sec- 
hoiL H ineJi-B mhmo 6oTaHH4ecKaro ca^a, oKyTaHHaro cnneBa- 
toiI a^mkoh, noAHHMaBmeflca mrb BjiaacHOH, HarptTOM 3eMJiB. 
'Stot'b bha'b B036yAHJiT> bo mh* cTpaHHoe omymeme: KaKoe*To 
BOcnoMHBaHie 6jiecHyjio B'B Moefi Aynit, ho He bohjiothjiocb 
ffB onpeA^JieHKHH o6pa3i>. BesnoKoficTBO, coMHime, neonpe- 
A^^eHHOCTB OBJiaA^H mhoh; a He 3Hajn>, hto A^JiaT^ Kyaa 



B 1 8 H M I) T H H I. 145 

hath. Ob MamHHajiBHoft 6e3C03HaTejn>H0CTBK) a nieji'L no 6y jb- 
Bapy, h TaKi> Ao6pejn> ao napica 9pcTeAa, mb JietfeAH njianajiH 
no rojiytfoft noBepxHocra npy^a, to^ho 6iJiHa ofijiaica bj> nefrfe. 
3A*&cb 6hjio thxo h 6e3JiK>AHO, h Mn& CTajio Jier^e, Kaicb 6yn- 
to a HamejrB hto-to H3i> two, hto HCKajrb. H Korna a noTOMt 
BepHyjica »b myMHyro yjnmy n BnoBb oicyHyjica b^ ea hch3hl, — 
bi> rpoMHxame OMHnfiyca, h sbohkh kohkh, h cyeTy jiroAefi — 
bo MHi CHOBa otjihjio cnoicoficTBie h TaroTa CHOBa HaBajnisa* 
jiacB Ha MeHa jramcofi Maccofi; ho BCJi'&A'b sa Hefi noAonua no- 
Baa BHCOKaa BOJiHa h CMKJia <vb nofiepeacba Bee dapoe, h 
bhobb upeAo mhoh MejibKHyjin 6iJiHe Jiefie^n Ha CHHearb npyjrfc, 
64jiue CapauiKH bt> ciraeM'b He6i, BJiaacHaa AHMKa h CBepKa- 
»miii B03Ayxi>, a sa Bc&M'b smwb Bdajio nepe.no mhoA HoBoe 
BHA^Hie, KOToparo a TaKt xot&jtb, Taicb 6ojrb3HeHHO sas^aJiii, 
k*b KOTopoMy Taicb 6e3yMHo pBajica, tohho ki> naMara o twp- 
Bofii ji»6bh: a xorfejn> bha^tb nepHyio paBHHHy y. ciraaro Mopa 
h cjiHmaTB pi3Kifl cbhctb KopocTejia Ha AaJieKnxi> nojiflxt, 
H Bee oKpymaromee cTaao uwh HeBHHOCHMO raAKo: cm^xt* mjjk- 
hhht>, TyaaeTH AaMt, yanHHaa MOCTOBaa h 6jiecieb okohhljx^ 
BHdaBOK'L. fl nocniniHJi'b aomoh. 

, ^CMepKJiocb. SI saTonHJTb KaMHffb, Jierb Ha KynieTKy n aa 
nyMajica o ce64 a o ceroAHanraeM-b ah*. Ho o6m.ee BnetaTjrh- 
Hie AHa He AaBaaocb Mn&; w ceroAHa" TaHyjio ieb „BHepa u , B 
TaKi Bee AaJite HasaAT* bujiotb ao Toro BpeMeHH, KOTopwM'h, 
mh4 Kaaajiocb, aaMHicaeTca 3Torb „OTHeTHHH nepioA'b". TtJ 
8Haemb, hto <5biBaerb, KorAa HanaAemb Ha cjrfeAi> HacToaiijeri 
mhcjih: cnepBa MHCJib BupHBaeTca H3i> HeonpeAtjieHHon mrccm, 
tohho ncKpa H3*b yracmeft Kyqn nenjia; OHa Tjrkerb, noTOM'b 
paaropaeTca Bee ap^e h ap^e, n BApyrb njiana oxBaTusaerb 
Becb Bopoxi* HaKonJieHHux'b BnenaTJitHifi h BocnoMiraaH 

IlepeAO MHOfi CBepKajia HecoMHtHHaa, Henpeo6opHMaancTn- 
Ha. OHa 6buia acHa, Kaicb MJieTiHbift nyTb b*b npo3paquoMi> 
aHMHearb Hefii bt> HOBoroAHK)K) hohb: acn3Hb Moa ymioHti.iacb 
otb ea Hacroamaro, eciecTBeHHaro nyTn; a BApyri> noHHJTL, 
hto HAy He no TOMy HanpaBJiemio, KOTopoe BeAeT'b Kh Moefi 
ixhjw. IIoHHMaenib? Poat* 3a poaomx ^khjih moh npeAKn, no- 
raomeHHbie oAHnM^ ji$]iom> 9 bx toU ace MfecraocTH, B*b tomi> 
we Aoarfe. XapaKTeprnja ocodeHHOcra HaTypu, AaHHua hmt> 
KpecTbaHCKHM'b TpyAOMX h npnpoAon iipadpeatHOH AaTCKon 

paBHHHH, MOrJIH JIHUIb yCHJIHTbCa BT> MHOrOB^KOBOM'b BJlUlnill 

HacjiiACTBeHHOCTH. 3T0i"b KanHTajii> pocb bt> reoMeTpnieeKon 
nporpeccin, KaK*b 6ucTpoTa naAaiomaro KaMHa. A a nmajioa 
saMeAJiHTb naAeHie KaMHa, mwkRwib ero nyTb, ocTaHOBHTb ero 
bt> BOSAyxt. H nHTajica naMinnib coAepmaHie noen flyoiw, 
OKpyacHBi> ee khhhchhmh o6pa3aMH, ndM^HHTb ea $opity no 
HAeaJiy Apyrnx^ o6n;ecTBeHHHX , b KJiaccoB'b. 4aeT0, cjihuikomt, 
Aexa6pb. QrAtin* I. 10 



I4f OJIA TAHCOB^. 

lacro a ynycKajrb 3Ty HCTHHy; Tenepb a Aepacaji'b ec, totoo 
MOJTO^yiD nTH^Ky B'B pyKb. Si Ha^ajra cb HacJT&AOBaHia, %mo y 

CofiCTBCOHO, npOTHBHO MHlj B'B ropOACKOft 3RH3HH, H KOHTOJTB 

flCHtf*n> coBHameM'B nynoBHHti, KOTopan HepaapHBHHMH ysaMH 
cBHSUKaJia MeHH cb po^Hofi aepeBHefi. 

fl BCKO?HJi r b, no3Bajn> npncjiyry, npnKa3aji r b yjioacHTb Bem" 
h aaBTpa yTpoMt pa36yAHTb MeHH, noTOMl> BHHiejrb, 3aica3ajn> 
HocHJibmHKa h Tejierpa^npoBajii* poACTBeHHHKy bt> AepeBHK), 
mto6h ohtj JKAajrb MeHH. fl p'feniHJi'b yixaTb h3t> ropoAa, * ho- 
kum jib Bet ropoAa Ha b*kh, h HyBCTBOBaJiTb, hto 3to pfcme- 
nie, CeanoBopoTHo; oho CKOBaJH >kR ^yny. 

IloTOM'b a HainejrB npiaTeJia, h noTamHjn> ero cb cofiofi B'B 
Etablissement National. fl 6um> bt» BocropaceHHOM'B HacTpoeHiH, 
rpaHH^iiiBnieM'b cb JiHxopaAo^HBWB cocroaHieM'B. 51 AyMaro, 
HHKorjift B'B Moeft mchbhh, hh paHbme, hh no3»ce, a ne nyB- 
ctbob&jtb ce6a TaieB xopomo. KacicaflH mj t 3hkh Hecjracb HaAo 
mhoh, BOBAyxx TpeneTajrB otb paAocra, a a Kpinico xpaHHJTb 
B'b Moefi rpy^H cnacTie, noAo6Hoe TafiHofi paAocra nepBoa jik)6bh. 
Mh% AOcTaBJiflJiH yAOBOJibCTBie 6e3ijB'&THLia maHCOHeTKH h 6a- 
HajibiiHff ynpaacHeflin aKpo6a , roB'B, KaicB hhhto ao chx*b nopx; 
h6o Bee BpeMfl MeHH He noKHAaJia mbicjib: h He Bann>; a He 
AOJUKeHt CKy^aTb ba'&cb KaacAHfi Benep^B— h aA^cB toctb, ny- 
ataKTi, KOTopufi no3a6aBHTCH ceroAHa otoh epyHAofi, a 3aBTpa 
nofinerb n&nbine, CBoeii Aoporoft, H Eofb b4ctb, KorAa Bep- 

H6TCH. 

B'B nojiHOHB Moii npiHTejiB 3axorfejrB AOMoii; ho h He ny- 
cthjitj ero— h yBJieiCB ero cb co6oh bx Ka3HHO. H mh TaH 
uoBajiH! w nnjiH B'B Jioacfe maMnaHCKoe, cb aceHmHHatfK. . 



Ha yipeHHeMi* napoxoA'b 6hjio iiycTo; jihiub napa coHHHrb 
naccaacHpoB'B ApeMajia, CBeacHBinncB B'B yrjiy cajiOHa. SI nepe- 
menx bb CTOjioByro noaaBTpaKaTB. KorAa h bhobb iioahhjich 
Ha naJiy6y, h oahoh Horon ctohjtb em;e Ha JibcTHHU'fe, h yBH- 

A*Jl f B A^My B'B TeMHOMl* AOpOHCHOM'B KOCTIOM*. OHa CTOHJia, 

onepmucB o nepnjia. Eh (J>nrypa hcho BHpt3ajiacB Ha^mnpoKofi 
3OJTOTHCT0H nojiocfe, npoxoAHBiHeH nepe3T> 3yHAi» Me»Ay napo- 
XOAOMT> H eeperOMI), KOTOpHH bt> opospaHHOMTb B03Ayx r 6 RasajiCH 
coBC^Mt 6jih3KO. Bojioch en Ha saTHJiKi 6hjih aa^ecaHM BBepxi>, 
a noATi hhmh jierKin nyinoKi>, tohho CB^TJioe o6jiaHKo, ott^hajtb 
en men), B'B totb MOMeHT*B, KaicB h nocMOTpiji'B Ha Hee, OHa 
GKJXOHHJia rojioBy — yAHBHTejibHO Ma^eHbKyio rojiOBKy,— Ha 6okx, 
h no 9T0My ABHaceHiro h ee TonacB ysHajn*. 

fl CTOHJi'b oahoh jiHmb Horofl Ha najiyd*, h xot^jtb sep- 
HyTbCH. C^ Hefl a xoT'feji'b-CH BCTptTHTbca MeHbme, niM'B cb 



BKatfpiJOTttiift 147 

Ktin> HH6yAi>. OHa cTOHJia npeAO mhoA, KaicB BonJiomeme 
Bcero, orb nero a fi'feacaji'B, mu* Kaaajiocb, hto OHa nperpaac- « 
ffaen> mh* nyn>. HiHTo CBa3HBajio Mena ct bthmt* HyTKHM* 
HsamecTBOMTb mhmo3h, KaKx uiejiKOBaa jieHTa, KOTopyio a He 
nocMfejn* 6h nopBaTb. 

fl OCTaHOBHJICH Bl> HepiUIHTeJILHOCTH, nOffOflTH KB HeS HJIH 

BepHyTLca. yacejiH OHa TaKB CBasHBaerB co BcfeM'b, on> Hero 
a yxoacy? Ee 3Bajra ArHecca JIhhaPjiom'b; cb ea 6paTOMi> a 6hjtb 
TOBapniAeMt no yHHBepcHTeTy, h nacTo <5HBajrp-y hhxi>. OTei^B 
ea— aeMJieBJiaA'fejieu'b Bt CMOJiaHA*. He 3Haio, cyMiio jih a 
BuacHHTB Tefit moh oTHoinema CTb ArHeccofi. BjnofijieHH Apyn> 
bt> Apyra mh He 6hjih, a bt> Apyactfy MeacAy MymnHoiS h aceH- 
nyiHOH a He Btpro. Kor^a cSjinacaiOToa ABa niapnKa, sapaaceH- 

HHe 3JieKTpHHeCTB0MT>, OHH HJIH IipHTarHBaiOTB HJIH OTTaJIKH- 

BaroT-B flpyn> Apyra. KorAa BCTptnaroTca mojioaoA HeJiOBiKB 
h MOJioflaa raeHiigjHa, to— oaho mth AByx'B—HJiH ohh nyBCTBy- 
K>n> (|)H3HHecKyK) aHTHnaTiio ApyrB icb Apyry, hjih ohh ea He 
HyBCTByrorB. Mojrho Ha3HBaTB nocjr&AHi# cjiynan KaKHMt 
yroAHO HMeHeM'L, ho cymnocTH oho He MiHaerb: Kaicie 6u ot- 
t*hkh hh aBJiajiHCB bt> 3thx"b OTHOuiemaxi), pa3HHu,a BcerAa 
CyAerB jihhib bt> CTeneHH. ByflerBJiH jirotfoBb hxi> xapaierep- 
Hoid nepTofi hjih KyjibMHHai^ioHHHM'B nyHKTOM'B — 6e3"B Hea A&Jio 
He o6xoahtch. Ho cjiOBa jik)6obb mm He hpoh3hochjih: bto 

OAHO H3*B TfeCB fiOJIBIHHX'B CJIOBT>, KOTOpoe MH, HOBHe JIH)AH, 

fioHMca ynoTpefijiaTB. A cajiOHHaro yxaacHBaHia a BcerAa Tep- 
niTB He mofb: mh He u^JioBajracB, He 6pocajiH yicpaAKoE 
B3raaAOBT> Apyra Apyry, He oeMimiBaJiHCB TaftHHMH pyKono- 
ataTiaMH. Hanm OTHomema otkphto 6hjih oneHB 6jih3kh, 
cbIitb hm^jtb nojiHyio CBo6oAy ToaiKOBaTb hxi* KaKi) yroAHo, 
a ohb nojib30BaJica 3Tofi cboCoaoh Hpe3BHHaiiHo ninpoKO. 
HMeHHO noTOMy, hto Bee 6hjio AocTynHo 6jiarocKJioHHOMyBHH- 
MaHiio nyfijiHKH, OHa ynopHO AOHCKHBajiacB nero to cKpnraro, 
otb Hero mh 6yATo 6h OTBJieKaJiH o6m.ee BHHMaHie. Hhkto h3*b 

HaCB He XOTfejTb HH CBa3HBaTB, HH ()HTB CBa3aHHHMI>; MH XO- 

t6jih 6htb cbo6oahh — h 3T0 coo6maJio oco6eHHyro npeJiecTB 
• HaniHM-B OTiiomeHiaM-B. Mh oTAaBajin ApyrB Apyry HauiH Bne- 
HaTJiimia, Hamn HAen, HamH HHTepecn— h nojiynajiH Bee 06- 
parao cb npnpocTOM'B; mh OTpaacaJiHCb Apyr'B b-b Apyrt, h 
AypHoe Ka3aJiocb HaM^ eme xyace, a xopoinee npioepiTajio 

OCOfieHHyK) a4hH0CTB; MH CMOTptJIH Ha 3KH3Hb CB OAHOfi TOHKH 

ap^Hia h bha'6jih ee btb oaho2 oKpacick Haui'B AynieBHHfi 
Mip*B 6ujrb cxoAeHB h pa6oTajn> bt> oahomI) TeMnfc. 

Ofla BHHyjia MopcKOH Cuhokjib h HanpaBHJia ero Ha MajiB- 

M3, TA* KpHHIH AOMOB*B HCKpHaHCB BT> tismw COJIHUa H AHMI> 

H3i> <j>a<ipHHHHX'B Tpy6x noAHMajica BepTHKajibHo, bt* bha* onpo- 
KjtHyTHX'B KOHycoBTb. I^tjinfi roffb a u% bhawb Araeccy, 

19 






U8 OJIA fAHCOMfc. 

m en Bucoioifl, cTpotaaa (frurypa B036yAHJia bo MHiniHoroe— * 
keki* nepeue 3ByKH CTapofi, poAHoii MeaoAiH. I^'bjiBift toat> a 
iiLnero He cJibimajrb o nefi orb ea 6paTa, ho a 3Hajn>, hto oHa 
bi, UlBefluapiH, h a noHajrb, hto Tenepb OHa npaMO orryAa 
'hfffiTh aomo£L Ho aaH^Mi* cJiynaHHocTb npwBejia ee mmchho ce- 
roAHn Ha moio Aopory? — cnpaniHBajrb a ce6a cb iiohth cye- 

B-fepHEJM'b CTpiiXOM'b. 

CoHHhie A'KCHTJIbM3HH BHOIJIH Vb 6oJIbmHMT> inyMOMT* H3T> 

KaR>Tbi, 11 Aruecca noBepHyjia ko mh4 CBoe MaJieHbKoe, Mancoe, 
CBipjioe jihhhko. OHa BApyn> npociajia npa bea* MeHa. il no- 
Aomeji-b. 

- riepejieiHua nTHijH BCTpiTHJincb Ha BeceHHeM'B nyra,— 
onaaajia ona, cM^cb. 

Ha najiyOi ciaHOBUJiocb xojioAHfce. Mh cnycTHJincb bt> ca- 
jioh'l h yct.UHCb BABoeMX. ManiHHa patfoTajia Taacejio h oaho- 
o6pa3iio, JiaMnu paBHOM'fepHO noKa^HBaJiHCb; KpyroMi> 6wio 

THXO, Mbl fifcJJIJI OAHH, H MH* Ka3aJI0Cb, HTO A HO CTapOMy CH- 

acy $% en yioxnoH KOMHaTK'fc bt> CMOJiaHACKofi ycaAb6i, bt> 
rjjyGuirb ea KycieTKH, cb ea jnofinMoii mejiKOBoii noAynie^KOfl 
noA^> meKuii, u cjiyiuaio ea MarKifi rojiocb, BBy^HHfi, KaKt Me- 
jioAHHUbJU peHiiTaTHBi). 

H Bwpaaiurb yAHBJieHie, hto OHa TaK'b paHO yfoaeaerb bi> 
AiipeBHio, noTony 4to ona BcerAa ocTaBajiacb ao hojiobhhn Maa 
Kb CTGrcrojibMt hjih KoneHrareHi. 

— Paauflji Becna TaK'b cajibHO Ha MeHa AiftcTByerb, — ro- 
Bopujia oua:—oco6eHHO ea npeATenn, KorAa nyBCTByemb BecHy 
ae cTo.it ku b uKpy rb ce6a, CKOJibKo BHyxpH. 3naeTe, KorAa 
MoacHo yact; xoahtb no TponnHKaM'b, xoAHTb MHoro, 6ojibmHMn 
araraMU, a<> JiaHeMoacema. KorAa yTOMHinbca 3a 3HMy ropoA- 
cKofi smmhiOt to TaK'b npiarao CTynaTb no BJiaacHofi h eme 
4yT0HKy noAMep3nieft seMJii,. npo6npaTbca noA* ynpyrHMH h 

U'fenKHMlf B&TBftMH, CKB03b KOTOpbia HOpiJBHCTO pBeTCa BHe- 

peAt cojirnHMApL CB'fei'b. Ii Borb, yKyTaBHiHCb bt> inaab, nojio- 
•MUB^ t no MuJvicuoBeHiK), rojiosy Ha njieno, a HAy, yjiufiaacb, 
marb 3a waroirb... IIpeACTaBJiaeTe cefii? 
IlpeBocxoAHO npeACTaBJiaio. 

- A KorAa npiiAeuib aomoH, HacTpoeme MtHaeTca. CTpaui- 
Ha^t M/KecTb h ycTajiocTb OBJiaA'feBaiOT'b To6oit, 6yAT0 th u$- 
jiyw HOHb npoLLnacajrc>. 3naeTe, HHorAa nocJi* bthxt* npory- 
jioKi) a JXQ&& n^aqy,— 6e3T> inyTOKT>, ropbKO njiany. Bee sto 

orb BeCHH... II nOTOMX eiU£ BOTT> HTO— BCe 3T0 HHTepeCHO 

TOJibKO Bb na^iajii: h no Jifccy no6poAHTb, h B3rjiaHyTb Ha 
ciaptja mimum MfecTa, KOTopua npHBUKi* JiK)6flTb ci> A^TCTBa; 
jioMHHTe bi> rayfiniils jitca 3Ty sejieHyio nojiaHy, ta^ kto-to 
Bbip^aajix. na otboji* Jinnu: w Fleurir— Mourir — Renaftre?— Pent 
4tre!"— noMHMTt;? A noTOMi> noMHHTe „mok> JiiiHiK)* — bojihhcth4 



J 



B JS 8 tt P t » T fl H 1 149 

CHJiy3TB nopocmaro TpaBofi xojiMa Ha (JjoHt TeMHOCHHaro AaT- 
cicaro He6a?.. 

JJa, fla, Bee 3to yacacHO xopomo — ho, bI^b, oho TaKt 
cKopo nepecTaen> 6htb hobhmi»: ero xBaTaerb HeA^wra Ha abIj, 
hotomx daHOBHTCH CKy^HO. fl He coaAaHa flJia oaaHoqecTBa; 
mh4 Hy3KHH jiio^h. IIpaBO, a HHoraa pana, KorAa ropHHHHaa 

SaXOAHTB 3a H'feM'L-HH6yHb Bt MOK) KOMHaTy— JIHIHb <5h can- 

inaTb HejiOBiHecKifi roaoct!— Bh BepHeTecb Bt KoneHrareHt?— 
npepBaJia 0Ha ce6a BHeaanHO. 

— HirB. 

— Kyna ace— bh He coweTe Monxt BonpocoBt 3& ofiHiHoe 
Jno6onuTCTBO, He npaBA* aa? KyAa »« bh *AeTe? 

— Bt AepeBHK). 

— HaAoaro? 

— HaBcer^a. 

— Hto?.. Bh myTHTe. 

— 51 roBopro oneHb cepi>e3Ho. 

— Hto act bh, 3eMJiK> xoTHTe naxarjb? MyacHKOMt cvraTB? 

— Hto bh Ha3HBaeTe „MyacHKOMt tt ? Ty npecaoByTyro $h- 
rypy, KOTopyio rocnoACTByiomiii Kaacct BHAyMaat fljia hpoth- 
Bonoaoacema CBoeMy rany, h KOTopaa HHKorAa He cymecTBo- 
BaJia. Bh noApaayMiBaeTe no At MyacHKOMt h^hto BpoA'fc acH- 
BOTHaro, KOTopoe patfoTaerb, m>erB h icTt, h He HMfcerB Apy- 

HlXt HHTepeCOBl>. Cm^K) BaCb yB^pHTb: 3T0TB 3B*fepb AaBHHMt 

AaBHO norpe6eHT> h, HaAO HaAiaTbca, He BOCKpecHert. 

— Ho wo Bact TaHeTt Kt 3T0My oAHHoqecTBy? Biflb bto — 
AMa f Bama AepeBHa. 

— a BOBce He 6yny TaKt OAHHOKt, Kaiet BaMt KaaceTca. H 
HaAiiocb C03AaTb Aaa ce6a, HaKOHeut, to ,, milieu", Koropoe 
ecTecTBeHHo jsjm MeHH... IIoiiMHTe MeHH, $pBiceHt ArHecca. Bh 
AOjhkhh noHHTb. H'&rt ceMBH, rxb a 6HBaat Hame, ta* MeHH 
HpHHHMajia paAyniHte, fa* a nyBCTBOBaat ce6a aynine, mbwh 
Bt Bauiefi. H BceTaKH Bt THcaTk Meaoneii a HHKorAa He ne- 
pecTaBaat HyBCTBOBaTB ce6a y Bact, Aaaste y Bact, ^yacHMt, 

OfijiaCKaHHHM'b H ofiaCMBHIHMCH, HO BCeTaKH HySKHMt, ROTOpuft 

pBeTca AOMofi, noTOMy hto HHKorAa opraHH^ecKH He craHeTt h 
He Moacerb CTaTb CBOHMt. Bamn npuBsi^KH xopomaro TOHa. 
Bama MaHepa othochtbch Kt 6jimKuwb aiOAHMt, Bee Bame, 
BnaoTb ao yMfeHia cha^tb 3a CToaoMt, Bee, caoBOMt, wo Bt 
Bact 6nao yHacaiAOBaHHHMt, 6e3C03HaTejibHHMt, BpoacAeH- 

HHMt CBOfiCTBOMt HaTypH, 6HJIO H OCTdJIOCb Aaa MeHa H'fcMt 

to BHyqeHHHMt, 3aTBepaceHHHMt, BHiniHHMt,— CKopaynon, Ha- 
KJieeHHHMt apaHKOMt, KOTopufl roBopaat MHt h ApyrHMt, 
mto a npHHaAaeacy Kt BaiueMy Kpyry. HHorAa Hbe HHdyAb 
naoxo CKpHToe H3yMaaHie Han MHoro3Ha*raTeabHaa yanfina 
HaAt rbwh, hto a cKasajit Haa CA'feaaat, He nponaAaaa Aaa 






ISO OJU TAHCOH^. 

Mens— 6htl MOHteTb, a onrafiajica h npHBOAHJTb 3to bt> cjiy- 
nafinyio cbrbj> cb rfeMt. hto a CKaaajix hjih CA^aaji-b; ho a Bee 
BrjiiiAyBajica n cnpauiHBajrb ce6a, Hirb jih bo mh1j nero hh- 
6yAb npoTHBHaro o6m,ecTBeHHOMy KOAeKcy— h mh& 6ujio cthahq 
mm fiojibau. 

/JaiKe bh 6bura, Aa h Tenepb ocTajracb AJia Menu h^mtj to 
cTpauHbiMT., HyatAHMt, Hero a He noHHMaio h nero Gqdcb ko- 
cHyib03, & HUKor,n;a He 6hjit> cb BaMH Taicb eciecTBeH'b h cbo- 
dofleBT), KaKi> 6uBaJiH, a AyMaio, MOJiOAbie jik>ah Bauiero icpyra. 
jjofipaa ^acTb HeJiOB^Ka, KOToparo bh y3Hajra noAt mohm-b HMe~ 

EBWb — TOJIbKO MacKa. 

HaoOoporb, npeAdaBbTe ceet Mepa bt> ofimecTB'b Moex'b 

MytfCHKGB'b. CKOJIbKO 6u OHH MeHH HH TepaaJIH, HM OCKOpO- 
JIH.HH MO II BKyCH, KaiCb 6h HH 6UJIH MH* npOTHBHH HX^ IipH- 

bhskh, ysipaio Bacb, jramb BAtcb, bt> 3toh cpeA* a jiory 
ABiiraibca -- Aa^ce bt> hhcto <J)H3HHecK0M'b cmhcjjI} — cosep- 
meHHO HenpiiiiyHCAeHHO, cbo6oaho, 6e3i> coMHtHia, xarb aaAo 

3T0 CA'fejiaTB HJIH HHaHe. Bl> STOMt CMHCJlt liEfc Htrb HySKAbl 

cmamu MymeKOMi*, KaK r b bw Bbipaacaeiecb — a yace HfS&Wffh. 
Smmna iiimmarum— a He iAy bt> nyacoe m^cto: a B03BpamaiDCi> 
AOMOfl, 

Arnecca BAyMHHBo MOJinajia. 

- 3to, KaateTca, He TaieB,— cicasajia 0Ha THXO.-EoKHJh, 1W 
bh Bee sto cefit BHAywajiH. y Baci> TaKaa H«o6y3AW»a $aH- 
xaaia, h bu Taicb npeyBejinneHHO BocnpiHMHHBU, i iiotom'b— 
OHa pofiKo yjiufiHyjiacb— bh dojJbinoe. AHTa. 

PaaRaaca cbhctok'b; mh dbura bt> raBaHH MajibMa. Sxhtk 
Arneccy aojihchh 6ujivl BCTptTHTb 3HaK0Mbie; a npocTHJica <n> 
eefi na napoxo/vk. 

- He 6yAbTe ace OKaMGHiJiocTbio,— -roBopnjia OHa*— 4t h% uo 
lepaio Bac^ liai? bhay h, KorAa bh MtHbiue BC*ro 6yA#T« asAaTi* 
axoro, HauaAy Ha Bacb Bpacnaox'b. 

Bt AOfipHH HaCTb! 

- Ble ne BUA^pacHTe. 

- A hto ecjiH BacB noTaHerb icb Apyroft hch3hh? 

- Bonmai HacTbBHHH SyAeT^Ha BacB, (^pSKeHii Aree«ca. 
OHa fipocHuia Ha MeHa rpycTHHH h BonpocHTeJibHiii B3rjiaA^- 

Hotom% ona em;e pas^ KHBHyaa mh* h nopbiBHcro fffam* 
jiacb. 

4epe3*b A^a naca a CHAiJi^ bx noisA^. fl BHAi^ix yace aa 
uTanuiax'b 3HaK0Mbia Jiima, a y3HaBajn> AepeBHH h ycaAb6u< 
MH'fe KaaaJiocbj hto BaroH^ mom jieTurb H3'b KaKou to Kama- 
n^efl tbmh, Koiopaa crycTHJiacb 3a mhoh h Tenepb o6jiaHKOMX 
cnycTHjiacb K r b ropnaoHTy, h KorAa a Biinieji'b Ha Moefi crafi- 
aim M3% Barona, a 6jbun» . 6oap%» tohho nocjit Kyuaala. BesKu- 



F.-- 



IBIiriBTIHt. Ill 

HeiHKft noKofi BcceHMaro noayAHa MOjrea h BJiacTHo ofruun* 
Mena. . 

Tohho bo BpeMa BH3AopoBJieHia nocjit TaacKofi 6ojrt3Hu 
hjih bo BpeMa OTAHxa nocjit Taaceaaro nyTH, TaKt Jieneo, 
cbIhko, noKofiHo h CHacTJiHBO nyBCTBOBajit a ce6a bo bgh> 

B6CHy H JT&TO. 

OceHbio a KynHJTB 3Ty MajieHbKyro ycaAb6y. XoaaiicTBo bt> 
Heft <5hjio yacL MHoro Jiirb aanymeHo: xo3aeBa ea saHitMajnicb 
coBctM'B ffpyrHMi> A'feJioM'B; 3T0 6hjio Hadoamee BopoecKoe 
rfffeBAo. ^pyroro aaHaTia He 3Hajia Bca ceMba, cocTaBJiHBOiaff 

Cpe^OTOHie BCfefb IipeCTyilHNX'B BJieMeHTOBTb B'b 3T0fi MtCTHO- 

cm ^om'l 6um> nojioHx BcerAa noA03pHTejibHofi cbojio™, h 3a 
ero aanepiMMH ABepaMH h OKOBaHHHMH BopoiaMH saMHnura- 

JIHCb BCfe HOHHHe HJiaHH. CjiyHaJIOCb COCfe.HflM'b BHfltTb K&Kb 

HHorfla hoibk) co ffBopa BN^McaJiH TeJiirn, 6nTKOM'b nafiHTHa 

MyatHHHaMH H HCeHIimHaMH, H K&Kh OH* HOTOM'b B03BpamaJTHCb, 

a noToarb paaHOCHJica cjiyx'b o KaKOMi> HHfiyAb rpa6eari} no co- 

CfeffCTBy, HJIH KOHOKpaACTB'fe, HJIH paatfofc. Bcfe 3HajTH BH 
HOBHHKOB'b, HO HHKTO He CMtJTb yKa3aTb Ha 3T0 BOpOHbe FHfeAO. 

Ho nama nepenoJiHHJiacb; HarpaHyjia B'b oahht* npei;pacHHtt 
Aem> hojihiuh, nepeBepHyjia Becb aom'b BBepxi* ahom'b, Hauuta 
iiaccy KpaAeHaro Ao6pa, h 3a6pajia CjiaroiecTHByK) cetoafiKy. 
ycaflb6y npoflajia, a ee KynHJTb. 

Mh* 6hjio o^eHb He no cefifc, KorAa a B'b nepBH^ pa3% ne- 
pecTynHjrb noporb Moero HOBaro jKHJiba. Mh* KaaajiocL, hto 
B'B HeM'b ocTaJiocb hto-to onb ero npeacHHX'b o6HTaTej]eft— He 

3HaiD, HTO — HO OHO HyBCTBOBaJIOCb HHCTHHKTHBHO B'b AWpflBOfi 

KpHin*, B'b rpasHbiXTb odoaxi, B'b saTXJiOM'b Boaayx'k MajieHV 
Kia MpaHHHa OKHa rjiaaluiH Ha MeHa TaK'b noA03peTejitHo h 

3JIO<ShO, TOHHO XOTtJIH MCTHTb MH* 3a MOe nOHBJieme, H B'b HH3- 
KHX1> KOMHaTaX'b Ka3aJI0Cb, OCTajIOCb, HfcHTO 0Tb HbaHHXT) pli- 

nefi, HenoTpefiHHX'b cjiob'b h KpoBaBHX'b njiaHOBi*. Bee 3to h&ao 

6HJIO BHBliTpHTb. H OfiHOBHJTb BeCb AOM'b, nepecTpoHjrh $J1U- 

reab, rjifc co6Hpajica caii'b acaTb, ycTpoHJi'b caA'b. 

TaK'b npomjia oceHb, noTOM'b 3HMa. H xo3afiHHHajrL, aann- 
Majica HayKofi, KaK'b h paHbrae, He ynyenaa H3 r b BHfly jjyxoe- 

HOfi »H3HH MOerO BpeMeHH. B'b MepTBOM THniHHt, OKpy)KaBIJJftl1 

MeHfl, a CJiHniaji'b MomHue pa3Maxn KpHJibeB'b niraHTCKofi 
nran;H, h He oaho npoponecKoe cjiobo, saraynieHHoe ropoA- 
cKofi cyTOjioKofi, napnjio bt> AepeBeHCKofi thhih acHO, KaKi> nay- 
THHa 6a6baro Jiiia hjih oTHeTJiHBHfi ssyKX cypAHHKH. 

Cpe^H MOHXl> COC^AeH 6^1^ OAHH'b MOK pOACTBGHHHKh 

OH-b xchjib ci> MceHOfi h eAHHCTBeHHofi AOHepbH) HenoAajieKy 
orb MeHa. y HHX'b a npoBOAHJTb AJiHHHbie BHMHie Be^epa, ko- 
•ropbie TaK'b HeBbipa3HMO aojito TaHyTca B'b AepeBHfe. Mu cu- 
AtJiH BcerAa bt» MaJieHbKofi o6n;efi ropHHii.'fe, oficTaBJieHHOfl no 



1M 6jti rAB«oin». 

cxapoaaB^THOMy. Ct^hh 6hjih noKpHTH o6oaMH Jinan* na jib* 
TpeTH ott> Bepxa; 3ar&MT> mejn> AepeBaHHbiii Kapmia-B, a no^ 
hhmx pacKparaeHHHe KBajipaTN. HlnpoKaa #BycnajibHaa Kpo* 
BaTB, mKa^, wb BepxHefi, CTeKJiHHHoft nacTH Koroparo xpa- 
HHJiHCb HeMHoria ceMeHHtia KHHra, co$a nat Ba3a f o6HTan 
KJieeHKofi, ^ty6oBHe nacH cb m'Iotjhm'b i^H(|)ep6jiaTOM i L J Hempe- 
yrojiEHuii nojinpoBaHHtift ctojtb h napa cTapnHHNXt Kpecejrb 
cociaBJiflJiH bck) Me6ejn>. K&Kh KpoBaTBK) BHcfejia KapTHna n-h 
^repHOH paMfe, KaKin bi> CTapua BpeMeHa 3aica3HBajia cenba 
mKojibHOMy yiHTejiro Ha naMHTB o6t> yconmeM'B: rpo6t, oicpy- 
ateBHHii cB^qaMH, h BHHay TmaTejibHo paapucoBaHHufi ctbxt, 

EST* MOJTHTBeHHHKa, HMH H flaTH CMepTH H p03K£eHia ITGKOflHarCL 
Ha^t HH3KHMH H KBaflpaTHHMH OKHaMH— TOHKifl, 6§JIHR 3aHfl- 
B*feCKH. 

B% axoii KOMHaTfeanpoBeJi-BMHoro BeHepHHXx nacoB-b, icypa 
AypHofl TafiaicB, noTarnBaa nyHHTB aax CKBepHaro pona, toji* 

Rya CB XOSaHHOM'B HOJIHTHKi H COJITaH l ZjepeBeHCKHX r b HO- 

BOCTAXt cb aceHmHHaMH, KOToptia aaHHMajiHCb pyKoniJiieM'b. 
SI yaHaBajiij, hto Bnepa CKa3ajn> IleTept, h hto cA^Jiaerb 
sasTpa IlaBejrb, a Kor#a paaroBop'B ocTaHaBJiHBajica, to bm^- 

innBaJlHCb CT&HHNe TiaCN H CBOHMB paBHOMipHNMB nOCTOHH- 

HbiMt THKaHbeM'B f n > , fe^HJiHnay3y Ha cTOJibKO-TO paBHbixi. ^acrefi 
OAHooGpaano h flo6pocoBiiCTHO. HHor.ua cn> aoporn aoHOCHnncb 
3BJ t kh rapMOHHKH h KpHKH AepeBeHCKHX r b napHeii, a COfiaKH 

BHJIH R JiaJTJIH. IIpH 3T0WL MOJKHO fifclJIO CJINIHaTB MHOJKeCTBO 

Myppux'b aairiwamft o aofipoM'B CTapoM'B BpeMemi, KGTopoe 
ymno CBoefi ,n;oporoft, h o hobomt>, KOTopoe npanuio na ero 
m^cto. H KaKt TOJibKO a nepecTynajrB noporB 8T0fi KOMHaTH, 
moh mhcjih o saJieKOM'L cvbrb racJiH, KaieB acicpa; MajienbKifl 
MipoKX, kotoph^ H3i> Hero BbipiaajiH wia ce6a 9th jikvuh, 

GUJTB BC6, HTO OCTaBaJIOCb. B"B 9T0# CTapOMOAHOll KOMHari 

mh* 6hjio yiOTHo; npeAt mohmh rjiaaaMH BCTaBajiu o(5pa3M 
dapofl 6a6yinKH b*b nJiaTOHKi h A^fla bT) KypTKt ct cepe- 
6paHHMn nyroBHAaMH, h nyBCTBO t^choth, ysocra axoro 
Mipa ne HaBtmaJio MeHa. 

A co BpeMeHeMT) h Jiro6oBb npHnuia— HAHJiJiia Bt CTapnH- 
nowh cTHJrb. IloTOMy hto a y3Ki> caM?> Kaaajica ce6^ napaeMt 

B% KOpoTKHXT* nO KOJI^HH 6pH)KaXTb H BOJIOCaX1>, BUCTpHaceH- 

hhx'k El KpysKOKi), a xo3aflcKOft flo^epa 6hjio ABa^i;aTb jrfrr^ 
if ea TeMHHe rjia3a rjijwkjra B^yMHHBo h JiacKOBo, IlpaBAa, 
ffap'kAKa 3th rjiaaa N hhtjihbo h Ho^o3pHTejibHO cmotp"6jih Ha 
MeHa f h cjiOBa naAaJia Toraa p^KO h ^cecTKO cb aa ycrb; 

HO napeHb B^ BUCTpHMCeHHHX'L BOJIOCaXB 3HaJTL, HTO 9T0— ofiu- 

^aii fltBymeK'B. H Kor^a ea tojiocl CTaHOBHJica Mame, h rjiaaa 
jiCB'fep^HB'fee h npHBiTJiHBte rJiaA^JiH na Hero, to ohx pa^o- 
Bajica, KaKt pefieHOK'B. 



& is 8 n P t K) T H u It 158 

H HyAHHMi> BenepoM'b paHHaro jrfvra, Kor^a MOJio^eatb mta- 
cajia B"L jr&cy Boicpyrb MaflcKaro aepeBa, h Bee Boicpyrb 6hjio 
nojrao jiyHHaro ciama h no93iH, oht> CA^wiaJTb fiojibmyio rjiy- 
nocTb. KaKi> oh'l hh 6ujit> dapt h TpoHyrb yace xcn3Hbio, ace 
BT) HeM*B TpeneiaJio orb cqacTba, 6ojrfe3HeHHaro, CTpaHHaro 
c^acTbH, Kor^a OHa MOjiHa acaaa eMy pyKy. Jlninb noaace, 
Kor^a napeHb BHOBb BepHyjica ieb npeacHefi npaHecKt h ro- 

pO£CKOMy KOCTIOMy, JIHUIb TOraa OHT> 3aMiTHJTb, hto bi» rjiy- 

6hh , 6 ero c^acTba CHAHTb 3aH03a: ohx yBHAfcjrb bi> caMotf rjry- 
eHflt ea acHHXT> rjiaax HeAOBipraBbiii Bonpocb h sto oCsfcajio 
ero X0Jio l a;oM r b JieAHHoro coMHtHia. 

He RJia qero rosopHTb Te6t, hto oaa HOCHJia eAHHCTBeHHoe 
HMa, KaKoe Moacerb HOCHTb repoHHa AepeBeHCKoiJ HAHJiflin. 
Ee, KOHeHHO, 3Bajra AHHa. 



IloHTH Hepe3T> rojvb, doa Ha BepnraH'k boht* Toro xoMa, 
a saMtTHJi'b Ha 6ojibinoH #oporb BKHnaacb, h bi> HeM*b AByx-b 
AaM'b. OAHa H3i> HaxTb, OA*kTaa bt> KpacHoe, BApyrb ea*iajia 
MaxaTb mh* njiaTKOM'b. Bi> H3yMJieHin a OTBlmjrb Ha npHBtx- 
CTBie, He AoraAHBaacb, KT0 g H 3T0 MO n> 6hiTb; Tor^a OHa. ckjio- 
HHJia roJiOBy Ha njieno, h a TOT^acb y3HaJii> ee. 

Hepesi) ABa naca a nojiy^ujrb orb nacropa coc&AHefi 06- 
iuhhk 3anncKy; OH'b 3Bajrb MeHa Kb ce61i, o6*&maa noitaaaTL 
CTapyio 3HaKOMyio. Bi> ero 3anncidi Jieacajia Apyraa: 

w lloMHHTe, hto a roBopajia ABa roAa TOMy HasaA'b aa na- 
poxoA*? HacraJTb BejiHKiH Aem> HTora. 

EcJin-6'b bh 3HajiH Kajcb mh4 xoneTca Bacb BHA^Tb! Mnt 
yacaeHO MHoro HaAO y Bacb cnpocaTb. He sacTaBbTeace MeH/j 
AOJiro acAaTb. 

ArHecca JlnHA6aoM , b. 

H 3aMtTHJia, hto bw MeHa He cpasy y3Hajia: bh TaKT> ne 
p*niHTeabHo CHHMajiu injiany. TorAa a noJioatHJia rojiosy na 
mieno: a xorfejia, ^To6 , b bh 3HaJin, hto a npifexajia, ho He 
8HaJia, KaK'b 9to CA^JiaTb". 

H CHA'feJi'b y OTKptiTaro OKHa Moefl pafioqefi KoaiHaTH. 
Hqejibi acy3K5KaJiH bt> caAy h BoaAyx'b, nyTb He 3Byqa, Apo- 
acajii> OTi) acapH. Kypw KonaJincb B'b HarptTofi aeMJili, m% 
KOTopofi noAHMaaca napT>, h Moa co6aKa, BHcyHyB'b a3HK'b l 
jieacajia cpeAH ABopa. 

H 6ujrb HeAOBOJieH'b ArHeccon. H HeAoyMteaji'b, ^et'o en 
HaAO Ha MoeMi> nyra; OHa Moraa 6u ociaBUTb MeHa bx noKot. 
Mh* Ka3ajiocb, hto a ajih Hea— KOMHaTHoe pacTeHie, KOiopoMy 
OHa H3Tb HSjiHfflHaro jno6onMTCTBa Mimaerb nycTMTb KopHtf, 
b^hho Konaacb n 3a6oTacb, Kp r £nKO jih oho chaht^. Yacejiy 

MOH CBH3H 6HJIH HaCTOJILKO HenpOHHH, HTO 6oHJIHCb npHKOCHO- 



154 OAa rAHGOHTi. 

Besifl? no^oaptHle npocKOJiBBHyao bt> mok) Ayniy h bjihjiocb 
B'B nee, KarcB BaMnnp'B. Ho noAoapfcHie, hto ecTB hto-to, iero 
Gu He xorfcjrB, noA03ptHie o najiH^HOCTH nero-TO, cymecTByro- 
maro BonpeKH HauieH Boai, Tanoe noAoaptme noxoate na mu- 
en^ecKyio ra^py: Korfla eft OTpy6aiorB rojioBy, to BHpociaerb 

COTHH HOBHX'B-HJIH Ha HepBflKa, KOTOpblft npOAOJIJRaerb 5KH3HB, 

paaopBaHHHii Ha HacTH,— hjik Ha nayKa, h6o oho TaK/Ke nsb 
cefia njieTerB ijiwiyK) cfrrb, KOToporo onjieTaerB bck) Aymy h B'B 
KOTopyia jiobhtl Bet nopxaiontfa BOcnoMHHaHia h ymiBaeTea 

HX1» KpOBBK). 

Pasa ABa 3a 3HMy a 6HBajn> no HicicojiBKo AHefi Bb Ko- 
neerarewfe, cjiymajrB xoponiyro My3HKy, Bepriwica b*l khoh- 
men 5KH3HH, necipoft, KaicB KapnaBajrB, 6HBajn> B'B oCmecTB^ 
HHTejumreHTHbixT> MyareHH'B h jx&wb. Koraa a B03Bpamajica 
noMofi, see Ka3ajiocb MHi yacacHo 6e3UB-feTH0. Bee 6hjio rpy6o, 
rjiyno, ^yacAO h npoTHBHo MHi--M f fecTHOCTB, h jiioah, m pas- 
roBopu, h HHTepecu. JIhihb Ha hIjckojibko acajjKHX'B A^etf a 
noKHHyji'B cbok) o6bi*rayH) OAeacAy h yarB Bee Ka3ajiocb am* 
nacTOJitKO HyacAO, hto a He cpaay h He jierKO bxoahjtb ohjjtl 

B'B KOJieH). 

Hto 9TO 3HaHHJio? H z&rbwh MeHa nyrajio eme Hlmo. 
Bis TewHie roAa, cb rbx'B nopx, KaicB a 6bijtb noMojiBJieHb, 

tiblBaJTU MHHyTH, B'B KOTOpBia MOa HeBtda H a HyBCTBOBaJIH 

ceda ^yMCAHMH Apyrx Apyry. 9to A^ajioct cpa3y h hhktc 
03-l saeb He Morb 6h CKa3aTB, Kain> 3To cayiHJiocB. Mbi ea- 
ji'bjm Apyrx noAai Apyra, ho mh^s Ka3aJioeB, hto Hae*B pas- 
A^aert Kaicaa~To MaTOBaa creKJiaHHaa crfcHa, ckbo3b KOTopy© 
a csiyTHo bha^JI'b AHHy, h He ^yBCTBOBaax, dBeTca jiu eme ea 
ayjiBCb, Tenjia jih ea Koaca. CJiy<raaocb-— h He paax,— MHoro 
past cJiy^ajiocB, hto a BApyrB HHHero, pobho Hiinero kt* nefi 
BO HyBCTBOBajIb, TOHHO HHHTO HaCB He cBa3HBaao, to^ho ona 
GHJia O^HMMl) H31» OCTaJIBHHX'B A^BaTHCOTB AeBaHOCTO AesaTH 

cymecTBi* B'B roCKax'B h KocaxTb, coBepuieHHO He BHA^Jiaach 
usx onxi>. H B'B Hefl Toace Obijio He Bee jiaAHO. Haiue sceru 
MHi Kaaajiocb, hto a rjisi Hea qyacoH, KOTopoviy 0Ha He mo- 
meTt A^BtpHTbca,— 3araAOHHoe, HeB^AOMoe cym,ecTBo, cb ko- 
TopyMi aaAO 6utb BcerAa HacTopoKi,— HeHSB^cTHO %&& Kaicofi 
a^jia cym,ecTByromifl, cjioxchuh npudop'B HtaHOHKOHCTpyKuju, 
Kb KOiopoMy OHa npHKacaJiacB jihhib cb fioabuiofi HeptoinTejib- 
HOCTbiQj tohho 6oacb noBpeAHTb ero jijivl iiphhhhhtb cefili BpeA^* 
H itorAa t^hb HeAOBipia naAajia Ha ea acntie raa3a h B^raaA'B 
efl dlitjihbo odaHaBaHBajica Ha mh*, tohho 6e3b HaAe«Ati 

BOCKpeCllTB H3MiHHBUlia HaMX HyBCTBa,— COB^CTB MyHliTeJlbHO 

xep3ajia MeHa, Kanx 6yATO a coBepuiaji'b HeAocTO^Hbiii, He- 
HcKynBMHfl nocTynoK'b. KaKofi noaiynoK'b? OTKysa »ra 60- 

Jl'kZRh COB^GTU? 






B B 8 I M » T H H t. 1 W 

3to 6hjio Ha apyroft aeHb y nacTopa, nocjri o6*6n;a. OflHa 
h3t> noHepefi ero CHtffejia y poajia, apyraa saHHMajia mod He- 
Bidy; a h Arnecca CHzrfura bt> flaJiBHexrb yrjiy KOMHaTH. Ha 
OTop* aaBHBaJia 6ypa, bIitbh AepeBbeBT* 6hjihcb o CTeKJia, 
Bona niyMHo acypnajia bt> acejiotffc h bt> KOMHarfc; HecxoTpa 
Ha paHHee BpeMa 6hjio yacb TeMHOBaTO. Renoro^a, HanoMH- 
HaBmaH oceHb, yiOTHaa HH3eHbKaa KOMHaTKa cb ea hahjijih*i- 
hhmt> oTnenaTKOM'B BeTxoaaB'feTHOH 3KH3HH H^peBeHCKaro na- 
CTopa, cyMepKH, My3HKa — Bee uaBaJio Marieoe HacTpoeHie; to% 
wb to^b, KaKT> cH^Hnib, 6biBajio, petfeHKOM'b, h acaenib CKa3KH. 
ArHecca Cbeacajiacb B'b yrojiKy ffUBana, a cHa4ur& nepejrb Heft 
Ha CTyjit. TpoMauHaa najibMa octaajia ee cbohmh 6oJibinHMH, 
6ji4hhopo30bhmh naxyHHMH itBiTaMH. Ea KpacHoe miaTbe— 3to 
<5hjtb moahhS UB'ferb ce30Ha— Cpocajio ropanie tohh na ea 
MaTOBoe jihiio. Ha cnHHKt jjHBaHa Jieaeajia ea pyica, 6*jiaa, 
OTHHHaa, y3Kaa. 

— HTaicb?— roBopHJia ArHecca. 

— Hto? 

— Ha^HHaflTe Baniy ncnoBtflb. 

— Ct> yAOBOJibCTBieMx. 

OHa HaKJioHUJiacb ko mh% h CKasaaa e*pb**Hr 

— Bh C^aCTJIHBH? 

Mh 3aMOJinajiH. Ona B3rJiaHyjia na MeHa; jihijo ea HOTeM- 
Hftno; OHa oTOABHHyjiacb h ea CiwiHe #JiHHHHe naJibUH o6biijih 
py^Ky OTBaHa. 

— nO^eMy BH He OTKpOBeHHH CO MHOft, KaK'b HtKOTOa? 

— noneMy bh Taicb ayMaeTe? 

— 0, a 3Haio Bacb aocTaTOHHo, hto6h BHflliTb no Bacb, hto 
bt> Bacb fltjiaeTca. Y Bacb Bcerfla Tanx cacaMaeTca jio6t>, 
Kor^a BaMi> 6ojibho; h BarfeM^ bt> Banrax'b raa3axi> Toace Mejib- 
Kaerb hto-to Hexopoinee. H BA^cb, kohchho, He noMory; ho, 
noMHHTe, Korfla-To bh roBopHJiH, hto BaMT> cTaHOBHTca Jierie, 
KorAa a KJiaay pyny Ha Bann> jio6i>. Bh He cnoieoftHH. Hjih 
bh CyjjeTe co mhoh MeH^e HCKpeHHH noTOMy, hto y Bacb He- 
BicTa? 

He Me^Jia hh MHHyTH, a paacicaaajTb eft Bee, o HeMi> nepe- 
AyMaJit B^epa. 

— H Koraa cero^Ha a yBHA'fejrb paaoM^ Bacb h mow He- 
BtcTy, MeHa nopasHJia 3Ta nojinaa nporaBonojioacHocTb Measly 
BaMH--TOHHo npHMaa JiHHia h H3ornyTaa. Moa HeBtcTa — npocTa 
h HecjioacHa; OHa npaMOJiHHeftHa. Ea $arypa SHaeT'b jrainb 
HicKOJibKo nojioaceHift, h Ayina ea Tajcace. Bee B'b Heft paa- 
rpaHH-qeHO h aaMKHyTo; oaho synieBHoe cocToame He conpn- 
KacaeTca ex ApyrnMT>; bt> Heft HtT-b nepexo^OB'b, Hirb oTTiH- 

KOBX, H*Tb HOJiyTOHOB'b. Ea paAOCTH HHCTH 0Tb BCaKHXT> tyWb 



156 OJIA TAHCOTTB. 

on BcmcHXT) coMHtrnft. Ea BocxHinenie BUCKa^HBaeTCfl rairh, 

KEKB eCTB, B'b Cbipofi (JjOpM'fc, 6e3T> OrOBOpOK'b, 6e3T> 3aHFIHX'B 

Mucjieil HHHero 6e3npHHHHHaro, BHeaairaaro, HenpeiBHir&H- 
naro; HincaKHX'L CKaHKOBt nyBCTBa h mhcjih. (tea— oGBinercHaa 
KpecTBHHCKan hch3hb, h ea cymecTBOBame He nojrao, norca oea 
He chuhtb y KOjiH6ejiH CBoero peCeHKa. 3a 3to a juoGjib ee. 
A bt> BacB a BHA'feJTB o6pa3T> Moero nponuiaro. B'b Bacb 
BonJTOTnJica HHofl Mip'B, npoTHBonoaoHceHie o6octphjio sainy 
RH^nBtiAyajibHocTL ao KJiaccoBoro rana. BH~H3orHyTafi jnmia, 
Bama nyma rn6Fca, KaK*b Baine rfcao; Baina cJiOBa omnBJieHH, 
Kairt BamH TOHKie najiBuu; HacTpoema Baraeft flymn m£h£- 
TOTca TaKt ace Jienco, KaK'b Btipaaceme Ha BameM-b Bocnpiiitf ^n- 

BOMT> Jlimfc. B'b BaCL ^pe3BHHaHHO pa3BHTO HMeHHO TO, HCED* 

ciaTOK'B Hero 6HBajn> mhIj TaK*b Taacejrb bt> Moeii HeB'fecT&: 
BajnTi ^yxoBHHH Mip'b rH6oKi>, njiacTHqeHi>; oH'b Jierno cjrfe- 
nyerh 3a caMHMH tohkhmh HaMiHemaMH mohx'b HacTpoeHid; 
owh Moacerb 3ByqaTB, KaK'B no6 , 6AHaa $aH<|>apa h MeiTarb, scales 
adagio. 

H sra acenmHHa TaKHee 6jiH3Ka MoeMy cepwy. Ho k-b nefi 
CTpeMHTca JiHfflb ^acTB MeHa. Jlpyroe x bo mh^ jiioGhtl npa- 
Myio jiHHiH), jih)6hti» 8th BAyMHHBue necTHne raaaa, Jijo<5)irb 
MaTB n ftHTa, h KOJibi6ejib. Bo mh^ jxbb, x... 

Haci> npepBajra; ^BymKa Bdajia H3 , B-3a poajia h no^onuia 

Kb HaMl>. 

Koraa mh BenepoM'b co6npajiHCb kx oTO&Bffy h npomanncfc, 
a cjinmajTb, KaK'B Araecca CKasajia Moen HeB r &ar&: 

— Mh 6yjiewb upysbaMH, He npaBAa .to? 

He RHaro, hto OTB^THJia AHHa, ho a HyBCTBOBajii., hto bo 
RBrjrfljii'ft ea MeJiBKaeTX Tenepb Ta 3aMKHyTaa, orrajiKHBaromaa 
xojio^hoctb, KOTopaa Bcer^a aBJiajiacb B'b Hea, Korvja ona ee 
AOB'fipajia, noA03p*Bajia. 9to Bcer.ua npoH3BOflHJio na mchh ia- 
atejioe BneHaurfeHie, KaK'B 6yATO KT0-HH6yflb Bajio n nexoTa 
no5KrjMaerb orb Been flynra npoTHHyTyro eMy mhoid pyKy. 



HyBCTBa Moefi HeB^cTH kt> ArHeccfc onpefliiJiajiHCb npeatjie 
Bcero TtM'B, hto OHa BHAtoa B'b CTapoMi* Apyr* conepuHijy, 
MMliromyE) BaacTb Ha^o mhoio. K/b 3T0My npncoe^HHnjiocb em,e 
h^hto, AaBaBmee pt3KOCTb 3T0My noA03p , feHiH), rope^ib 3T0My 
neflOBtpii), 6oat3HeHHOCTb 3toh pant. 9to 6biaa BpomaeHHaa, 
HHCTHHKTHBHaa aHTHnam oflHoro o6m;ecTBeHHaro KJiacca k-b 
ApyroMy, Tasejiaa paficKaa HeHaBHCTb jiioAeft, CToamiixi. HHHte 
wb couiajibHOM'b h AyxoBHOMi* OTHomeHiaxi), ko Bceniy, hto Bume 
uxt. Ona 6HJia ydiMCAeHa, hto Araecca c^HTaerb ee Jiypoa; 
OHa Tepaajia ce6a yBtpeHHOCTbio, hto Bee, hto OHa A^Jiaen> 
fb npneyTCTBia ArHeccH, rayno h cm^hiho; wb npHBtTJiHBOCTa 



j 



vw' « : 



BE 3 II P I F5 T H H fl. 1*7 

Araeccu OHa BHjtfyia tto-to yHH3HTejn>Hoe. ocKop6irr^bHGe 
flJia CBoefi ropaocra, a bt> oTKpoBeHHOCTH ea co mhoh ne na- 
xo^HJia HH^ero KpoMl* o6H,HHaro fljia Hea KOKeTCTBa. 

H ArHecca Hanero He noHHMajia bte> jjoqepw MyHuuca; efl He 
iiomofb ea rn6Kift yMi>, — ea Hyn>e npHTynnjiocB, h OHa ire na- 
najia Ha cjr&fli>. 3to pasapaacajio ee. OHa 3aMlvnTJia, who Me^ny 
hhmh nponacTb, h, Tain> KaicB 3a co6ofi OHa ne 3Ha.na bt> 3T0>n> 
bhhh, to 3aKJiK)HHJia, hto oTB^TCTBeHHOCTB na^aerB Ha jtpy ryio 
cropoHy. OHa Bnaluia, hto ee ynopHo orrajiKHBaiorB, h ea npn- 
b4tjihboctb 3acTHBajia b^ JieaaHoii xojioahocth, cb KOTopoit ee 
BCTpiiajia AHHa. 

A a ctohjtb bt> cpe^HH*. Co OTa Ha zieHB sto nojiomeHio 

CTaHOBHJIOCB HeBHHOCHM'fee. H CaMHMl) pOKOBHM'B Wh Moefi 

cyflBfii 6hjio to, hto 3to BH^niHee pa3flBoeme nepeni.Tio bo 
BHyTpB. Ta ae oacecTOHeHnaa 6opB6a HecorjiacHMHX'B npoTiiBo- 
ptnitf, bx KOTopyK) BTaHyjiH MeHa bth aceHmHHH, 6ymeBajia 
h BHyrpn MeHa, ho enje CTpanmie, oacecTOHemrfee, tfesma- 

JIOCTH'fce. 

Si noTepajTL BHyrpeHHee eflHHCTBO. Si 6hjtb pacmeiLnee-B ea 
SBa flymeBHUxi) ijeHTpa. OflHO a bo MHi jik)6hjio npaMyio Jineieo, 
apyroe jih)6hjio H3orHyTyio. HacTO, Korjoca nopHBi* h^hchqcth ?a- 
HyjTB MeHa Kb Moeft HeBicrfe, a HyBCTBOBairB bt> ce6t npoTiieo- 
nojioaKHoe Te%Hie— h ocTaHaBJiHBajica. /Joxojuijio ro Toro, mto 
b*b npncyTCTBin o6tHXT> aceHmnBTB a nyBCTBOBajrB ce6a pa3op- 

BaHHUMl Ha flB* HaCTH, KaKX T* HeCHaCTHHe, KOTOpHXT> BT> 

BapBapcKoe BpeMa npHBa3HBaan MeacB flByxi* KOHefi h rnaJiH 

Vb IipOTHBOnOJIOaHHaCTOpOHH.— ^Bt »CeHmHHH, KaiCB MarHIITH, 
CKOHI^eHTpHpOBaJIH BT> Ce61l BCfe CHJIH flByXT> pa3JIHHHHX r B Ofi- 
meCTBeHHHX'B KJiaCCOBT>: BO MHt 6HJIH BJieMeHTBI, poncTBeHRue 
064HBTB, H MeHa CB Heno6tAHMOfi CHJIOH TaHyJIO BT> paSHEJC 

ctopohh. r^i-ace 6uno Moe HacToamee a, Moa hcthhhsuj jiih- 
hoctb? Bt> o64hx'b noaoBHHaxi)? Hjih bt> ojihoh? BiKaKofi-ase? 
H hto TaKoe apyraa, Ta, KOTopaa 6e3T> MeHa? 

Moefl id6e fixe CTajio pastfBoeme MoeH aymn; a b-b o^hh-b 
npeiepacHHfi ^eHB ncnxHHecKaa ^BoflcTBeHHocTB npHHHJTa $h- 
BHiecKyK) <J)opMy: a yBHA^JTB caMoro ce6a cb AByMa rojioBaMH 
h HerapBMa rjiasaMH. 3to BHA*Hie abejiocb o^hh-b pa3i> a uc- 
neaJio HaBcer^a, ho oho HanoJiHHJio MeHa yacaooM'B, a iyB* 
CTBOBajrb 3to BocnoMHHame Bcerji;a 3a Moe^ cnnHoii, krkx nu- 
aaromie Coaom^ h ToMoppy, h 6^3Kajn> ot^ Hero bt> coananuT, 
hto ecjin a ofiepHycB h BaraaHy Ha miaMa h cl^py, jieTamypi 
CBHe6a, to a TaiCBace, KaKi* HceHa JIoTOBa, o6pam,ycB BT>co:ia- 
Hoft cToa6x. 

6pena Moe CTaJio HenocujiBHo; a qyBCTBOBajn> Heofixonu- 
moctb Hafira Koro-HH6yAB, B'B ^bJD »yffly a Mon> 6u nepejiWTB 
moh CTpa^ama; h6o wkTb Jiy^maro ycnoKoeHia bt> ropti n 3a- 



i 



ISt aiu rAtfcoa*. 

CoTfe, icaic* HafiTH co6paia no Hec^adiio. 3Ta noTpe6HOCTb 
ABHJiacB, KaKT> BJiacTHoe BejitHie, h Kara acaJio6Haa MOJit6a. 
Ho Korna a pfcuiajica, to BApyra npeAO mhom BCTaBa-no comh*- 
Hie ( a ,3a hhntb a BHA'kJi'b, hto nyTb mom ABOHTca, h a He 
BHaJTfc, K% KOMJT HATH, B'b HbR) ABepb CTyqaTbca. H6o OAHa — 
a HM'fi-Tfc 3Ty My^iHTejibHyro yBipeHHOCTb—npHMerb Menu, Kaicb 
Henpooi.HHaro rocTa, MyKH KOToparo BHymarb eft oaho co- 
CTpaAaHie, ho He TenjioTy conyBCTBia, h nparoTOBHTb 3THMt> 
MyKawt cojiOMeHHoe Jiome na KaMeHHOMi> nojiy. ^pyraa ace 

npHJKMt Tb UXT> KT> CepAUy, KaKB pOAHUX'b A^Teft, H yjIOJRHTb 

hxt, bt, jietfaaKbeMi, nyxy, u nou'fejiyerb h HaBterb THxifi coH*b. 
H mchh TaHyjio kt> Heii, xoTb He OHa AOJiacHa 6biJia 6biTb mh* 

Bt o6mnH'fc, y nacTopa KOTopoft rocTHJia ArHecca, npa3AHO- 
sajia KpecTbflHCKyio CBa,nb6y. Bhjio 6jih3ko kt> pascBlvry, kom- 
naia nojraa 6HJia nbura h AHMa, tocth niyM-fejiH. Si BHmejrb 
cb ArHeccofi B'b caA'b. HyBCTBOBajiacb yace yTpeHHaa npoxjia^a. 
Bopofan cohho ^fHpwKajiH iioa'b HaB'fecoM'b. 3a caAOM*b, m> aJi- 
jiet ^Tapux'b Bsiso^jy mh cfejra Ha cKaMbio. Mearb cTapux'b ctbo- 
aoBt BfciAtH'b 6burb (Sijibift Tyjiamb, noAHMaBmiftca Hajiyraxi>; 
Ha BOCTOKi ajriuia 3apa. 

H iicnoB'&Aajica. OHa He CKa3ajia hh cjioBa, JiHmb cnpjrraaa 

CBOe JiDqO B'b pyKH CT> H'fcMHM'b ateCTOM'b, HanOMHHBHIHM'b MH* 

OAHy KapraHy: bt> co3HamH fiesMtpHaro, ho HenpeoflOJiHMaro 
ropa ctohtb Ha KOJi'&Hax'b HceHmHHa h mojihtch: „One Hann>... B 
Bapyra hto to CBiTJioe MejibKHyjio B'B cyMepKaxi*. Kto to 
npocKOJii>3Hyji , b mhmo Hacx, ocTaHOBHJica h ckphjich. 3to feuia 
Moa HestcTa. 51 OKJiHKHyjrb ee, ho OHa He OTBirana. H no- 
3Bajn> eme pa3i>— OHa nuia AaJibme. Si noHajrb, hto AaJio eft 
3Ty rop^yK) c«Jiy; h bch Jiro6oBb kt> Heft, hto 6HJia bo mh4, 

H BCe, 1TO OHa OT« MeHH 3HaHHJia, HOTHHyjIO MeHH KT> Heft Cb 

HeyAep»CHMofi CHJioft, ho h ocTaJicn, — a OHa yaajiHJiacb Bee 
AaJibme h AaJitme. 51 xorfejrb 6tacaTb 3a Heft, 6biTb bosji* Hea; 

HO He HBHHyJICH CT> M^CTa: 6HJIO BO MHi HTO-TO CHJIbH^e 3TQT0 

ncrpbiBa. H B^pyr^ a yBHA^Jit, hto paaoM*b vh Heft HAerb kto 
to,— KaKi> 6yATO Moa jidCobb, BHTaBHiaa HaA'B Hero, BHJioTHJiacb 
bi> 5KUBofi oGpaax; h oht* He ABHraaca, ho CTaHOBHJica Bee ac- 
Hte, Oat Ka3ajica mh* He noxoacHMi) Ha Apyrnxi JiroAeft; ho 
KorAa a cnpaniHBa.n'b ce6a, B'b ^eM'b HecxoACTBO, a He mopb 
oTB'feiHTb, noKa BHe3anHo to^ho noBaana cnajia cl mohxi> o^efl, 
ii a yBtfA&JTk — caMoro ce6a. 

H cxBaTHJTb Arneccy 3a pyKy f 

— B0TT> OHl>, BOT'b QWb... 

51 HyBCTBOBajrb KaK r b Apoatajia ea pyKa bt> Moeft, a cjibimaji'b 
ea ranQCb, noAaBJieHHHft h TpeneTHHft. OHa BbipBaaa csoro py- 
Ky h fipocHJiacb Kh AOMy. Tanoro BHpaaceHia yacaca, KaKoe B'b 



fi£»(IflK)TflUft. 159 

3T0TB MOMeHTb npoMeabKHyjio Ha ea Jiaijb, a bb ucadaii He 

BVLJ&JTb. 

Hepea'B ABa aha a ctohji-l Ha Mcejrfj3HOAopoacHofi njiaTc^opM'fe. 
OBHCTHyji*B napoB03i>, nobsxh ABHHyjica; njiaTOKB bt> ajihhhoA 
tohkoh pyicij flOJiro paaBtBajica— noTOM^ jran,o HC^eaJio, nponui« 
nocjrkflHie BaroHH... 

Ajiaa 3apfl noTeMHiwia BApyn> npeAO mhok) u Bee bo mm* 
crycTMJiocb bb BfciayK) hohe>. 



Hohb 6Hjia BOKpyn> Mena, h a CHA'bJn* Ha pasBajraHax'B 6h- 
aoro... Ho a cofipaaca ct cHJiaMH h nouieji'B BnepeAB; HeHa- 
bhctb, CBepKaBinaa bt> mohxb rjiasaxx, cBiraaa mh6 bo tbm* 
hotooh, h cepAUe Moe 6hjio nepenojraeHo ropeqbio. H a rpo- 
3hjtb CBoeMy ABofiHHKy KyaaicaMH, aaBHJi'B ero npeapHTejibHHMH 
cjioBaMH, aaTHKaJi'B eMy nacTB, hto6h oht> He xpHiajTB o cbo- 
hxb cTpaAaHiaxTb. A KorAa a yBHAaJTB Ty, KOTopyio obtb ji»6hjtb, 
a Bnajn* bi etmeHCTBo, h irfeHa BHCTymuia y MeHa Ha ry- 
6axi>. 

Oahsjkah bo BpeMfl acaTBH, KorAa nojiHuii Micairb ctohjtb 
HaAi> KonHaMH, mh cha&kh babocmb Ha ayry, rA* paaocTJiaHU 
<5hjih nojiocK nojioTHa ajih 6iuieHia. 

— Jlyqine 6u th yixaJTB ct Heio, ^mb MyqnTB 3A*cb Me- 
an,— cicaaaaa OHa. — Tu noAXOAHinb kb Heft, h kb TaKHM* Kan* 
oHa, a He ko mhIj. 

H oahhb yjiw6HyJica, a Apyroft bo mh* nonyBCTBOBajrB 6aa- 
acaaocTHbie yicopbi cob^cth. 

— HaMX Jiy^me Bcero pasoiiTHCB. Mh paaHHe jiioah. 

H onaTb oahhb bo mh^ 3jio6ho sacM'kajica, a Apyroicieop- 

HMJICa, KaiCB HepBHICB. 

— HanpacHO th npuniejix kt> HaMB. Jlyqnie 6m a HMKorAa 
TeCfl He 3HaJia. 

H dHJii) oahh'b. Mtcau'B noaceaTiwrB m noAHaaca bhcoko 
bi> He6*. Si BCTaaB h nomeaB AOMofi. Ho kto to mejnb sa MHoft 
a ocTaHOBHJica h o6epHyjica nocMOTp'feTB, kto 9T0. Ho tot* 
Toace ocTaHOBHJica. 

fl ycKopnjTB inarn, <ito6h H36aBHTbca orb Hero, ho ohb 
Toate nouieji'B fincTpie; a noniejiB MeAaeHHte, hto<Sb ohb ne- 
perHajrB MeHa, ho oht> Taicace saMeAJiHJiB TeMHB. Owl ynopHO 
yAepacHBajrb oaho paacToame MeacAy HaMH; ohb 6iataji , b, KorAa 
a GiacajrvH iioji31>, KorAa a noaa'b. Oahhb pa3T> a ofiepHyaca 
h nocMOTpta'B eMy bb jihao: oho 6hjio rpycTHO, h roJioBa ero 
6HJia onymeHa; ohi> BtjrjiaA'feJi'B, K&Kb 6poAara, y KOToparo 
h^tb KpoBa Ha ho^b, KoxopHH 6peAeT*B 6e3B npHCTaHHma, 6e3B 
U^jih, 6e3B HaAeacAH, He 3Haa, rjjfk npiioTHTbca. KorAa a hoao- 
UKta-h jai> AOMy m ocTaHOBHJica ua uopor^, MU r t noKa^a^otfc, 



160 OiA fAHCOHl>. 

hto oai* cHOTpHTb Ha MeHfl ex ropecraoii MOAbfoft— H BAP7TB 
oht» 6poca.ica ko Mff&, ho A aaxaoirayjrb npefffc hhmx 
ABepu 

J^Ba paaa ct> rtx'b nopt a cjiumajn>, Raicb ohb HoibD CTy- 
r ianea bt> uok> ABepb; 3aTauBi> AHxaHie, a Jieacajn> e cayinajrb, 
Kattt ohi» ctohtt> cHapyacn h KAerB, hto ero BnycTarb; h tekb 
KaKx HiiKTO eny He oTBopiLit, to om> noinejrb Ha3aAT>, MeA- 
.tchho h eeptuiHTeabHO, a a QaMmajn> ero mara, nona ohh 
aauepau wb TiiniH hohhoS. 

H»j oAHaacAH Ho^bio, Kor^a a npocHyaca, a Hamejrb wd 
iioA*T& cefia. Bhjio cobc&m , & tcmho, h a He BHAlura ero, ho a 
*jyBcTBQBaaT> ero npucyTCTBie. A noAHaaca h saacerb CB*Hy- 
OHt* aeata,Tb ci>e»HBinncb Ha noKpHBaa* tohho yaeaoicb, h 
moTpbwb Ha MeHH TaKt npaHHaceHHO h ataao6HO, Kara* 6ojil- 
Hoii hjih no6HTaa coGaita. 4to 6uao nocjrfe, a He 3Hax>; xorAa 
a npiiinejrb bt> ce6a, bt> okho npo6HBaaca cfcpbiH cBtrb; a ae- 
a:u:\ l oonepeicb KpoBaTH, a noACBtHHaicb h cjionaHHaa CBliia 
.leataaii sa noay. 

Ct> rbxi> nopi>, Borb yaee Mtcacfb^ a He bha*Jit> ero. Ho 
KaacAyfci H04b oht> 6poAHTb BOKpyrb AOMa, u a 3Ha», tto KorAa 
eii6yAb oht> npocKOJib3Herb bo BHyTpb, h a onaTb HailAy ero 
m* iioei nocTejiM. & HyBCTByio ero bo BceMT>— Wb acajio6HOMT> 
mejiecrb naaoBT), h bt> rpycTHofi My3hiK r fe, h bt> BenepHmrb cy- 
MepKax-bj h Borb, Tenepb a Bnacy ero b* ajihhhhx'B r&Hax'b, 
KoxopHH Mfecau'b 6pocnjn> Ha noaa. Ohx— 6e3npi»THHfi, h co- 
BfccTb My i iaerb MeHa, hto a He A&K) eMy npHCTaHHma Ha 
uohl; uo oht>— h Bparb moA, „owb ^wbpb, cocymin mod KpoBb 
m a yOL© ero... u 

H Biioub cToaax npeA'b satfponieHHHM'b, pa33opeHHHM'b ao- 

UOWb M A> r Majn> TOH JltTHefi H04H BT> deC^AK*, H 060 BCeMT> 

4 ro Cbuiu CBasaHO ct> 8Thmt> BocnoMKHaHieMTb. CyMepKH cry- 
uruaucb, h bt> A0Aiax r b noBCJOAy aaOaecTtaa oroHbKH. Bfeep'b 
uiioiib ^amyMbJib h BUOBb HaA'b Moefi roaoBOH aanieaecTHJiH 
HUm, wb uiopoxfc KOTopuxi) HyAHaocb MoeMy Apyry ero 
upa'iuoe HMAtuie. H a AyMaai, hto, aojiskho 6uTb, bt> Taieyi)- 
wte UOHb, JCorA^ TaK'B ace aaBHBajrb B'feTep'b h myM'fajiH CTapne 
M$H, oiib oiiaTb yBHAaa-b dpyzozo noAJifc ceda. H6o OAHaacAH 
yTHOfcrb, BcKopfe uoca'b Toro, KaKT> oh^ pa3CKa3KBaJi'b mh* cbo» 
tictaufilj fro Hainan MepTBbiMi> bt> nociean, B*b ayacn kpobh 
CT> liWKDM* B r b rpyAw, pyKoaTb KOToparo cacHMaaa ero pyica. 

UaM4»yOLHCTBO 6liJ10 O^eBHAHO H 06l>aCHaa0Cb He3AOpOBHMT> 

flViUttBiiHMfb cocToairieM'b. Ho KTo-ace Morb 6bi noHaTb to co- 
uTuame, B% KoiopoM'b ohT) BOTKHyaT> Hoacb BTb CBoe cepAUe, B-b 
iiiiJiiioii yBfcpeuuocTH, uto B0H3aerb ero bx rpyAb npyroro ^e- 
jiOBbica 






HJIbfl KAJIEHHfl. 

(Msii MeAaBHflro npouwaro). 



I. 

Kaaajiocb, nocjrfe 6ypH ct loro-sana^a AOJiJRHa 6HJia ycia- 
HOBHTbCH Teruiaa 11 acHaa noro^a, a bnhijio HaoOoporb: ct> 
ofi'feAa B'feiep'b OTKJioHHJica Kb ciBepy, h norofla CAlwiajiacb 
oTBpaTHTejibHoii. 3aMejibKaJiH bt> BOBAyx* Htejirae jihctbh h 
noqTK xaEiH-ae KpynHHa chIukhhh. OfijieAeH'feBHiaa aaBOACKaa 
yjinua crajia HenpoxoAHMoio. Bt> AOBepnieme HenpiaTHOCTH 
oKasaJiocb, hto aomhihko KajieHaro aaneprb, a caMT> oht> Jie- 

2KUTh BT> 3aBOACKOfl fiOJIbHHIJ'b... 

ripHinjiocb OTnpaBHTbca Ty^a. BojibHHHHHfl cTopojKTb, nejio- 
B±>Kh BeCbMa CJIOBOOXOTJIHBHfi, ho c*b TpyAOMi> BoponaBraifi 
aaHKOMT^ aaflBHjrb, hto cefiteacb 6ojibHHXT> TpeBomaTb Hey,no6Ho: 
xMejibHH oneHb. 

— BiitfHiiib— Kanaa nnyKa, mhjihA HejioBiicb. y oAHoro 
cTapuKa cuwb Tyrb jieacajrb — EMejibKoft 3BajiH. JleaeajTb-jie- 
yf.^i'b a& oeaMHacb h noMep'b... bi> poAt, Karcb co cKyKH. Cfra- 
pHKaTO— HaKH^opoMTb 3BaTb — eh KJia^6Hin;a npaMO ki> HaMT>. 
Kyiuurb, (5e3i> coMHima, boAkh, KOJifiacH, cTyAHK): — „IIoMflHHTe 
noKoflEHKa"! ILia^erb caM'b... Hy Kaicb Tyrb? — GrapHK'b ci> 
nbfluofl u c^acTJiHBofi yjiH&coft paaBeji'b pyicaMH. — Bet h Ha- 
noMimaiiHCb. BojibHHe AaBe^a Ha ivfcjiHtf KBapTajrb nicHH 
irfejiu. A Tenepb cnarb bi> 3a6yAymyro. H KajieHHft ennrb, 
Aojukgo 6wn>. A Apyroe xbjio — He 3Haro. Emejra Te6t oneHb 
nyHHo,— noflAeMi>, nocMOTpHM-b... 

Kt> c^acTbK), Kajientfft, aaHHMaBinifl OTAluibHyio yrjioByio 
KounaTKy. ys&e Bticnajica; nojiyjieaca Ha KpoBaTH, oht> ci> cep- 

AHTUM'b BHAOM'b HpOCMaTpHBaJTb ra3eTHHfi JIHCTOK'b, O^eBHAHO 

npomeAmift ^epe3T> MHoro pyKi>. Ct> nepBaro-aee B3rjiaAa, eme 
CKB03L cxemiaHHyK) ABepb, a y3Hajn> ero no onncaHiaM'b. Bt> 
HapymHOCTH KajieHaro 6buia Tanaa opnnmajibHaa ^epTa: 60- 
poAy oa'b Cpnjrb, ocTasjiaa TeMHyx) nojiocKy ycoBT>; ab* Ta- 

AeKaGpb. Ota-fern* I. 11 




1<*2 B. A B O C C K I t. 

KVLTh me TeMatiiTb hojiockh man orb Kyp^aBHx-b bojioo* no 
meKEMij Kh Haraaeft nejiiocTH, oT^ero oHTb Kaaajicn— oco6eHHO 
HaAaJiH— KaK-b-6H bt> rjiyxo sacTerHyTOM'b nepHOM-b nuieM*,— 
oOcTOflTCJihCTBo, npHAaBaBiiiee ero TOJiciOMy, Ao6poAymao-Be- 
cejiowy Jitiqy KaKott-To BOHHCTBeHHNfl bha'b. Ho eme xapaK- 
TepH-fee ajih KajieHaro 6hjih rjiaaa: «HBHe, Hc^epHO-Kapie, ohh 
BpeMeHaMH 6yKBajibH0 hckphjihcb H3T>-noAi> HepnHxt CpoBefl... 
Kor^a h naasajiTb ce6n h hohchhji'B, san'feM'b nprfexajrb, bt> 
EMTb ceepKuyjia paAOCTb. 

- KaiCb?— TOJIbKO KO MHk? BHKpHKHyJITb OHT> Ha BCK) KOM- 

aary, bhuhmo nojibmeHHuft.— 3HaiHTb, edb fl-fejio? O-o-o! 

0ot> sanaxayjrb xajiarb, BCKO T raJii>, nepeKHHyjib Hepetfb 
KposaTb ia6ypeTKy h ycaflHJi'B Menn kt> ctojihk,y, iiohth pa- 

AO&Tb Cb CoOOft). 

Hy-cb, KaKoe-ate nopyneme? 

- JX& b^ab bh 6ojibHH? CKajRHTe CHanajia - hto ct> BaMM? 
KajieEuu scefl CBoefi (Jmrypoft BHpasHJTb yAHBJieaie. 

- HI— BtKi> He XBopajrb! nycio*... TaKi>... onepaitfio qruj 
b"l ^afiHof! cjrfejjajra... 

— Onepaijiio? 

- JJa, jkhbotb, no^JieuH, cBepxy Ao-HH3y... xa-xa!.. pacno- 
pora...— Taivb Bt^b yacb aamnjio! Tio-tk)!—- Bi> rojiocb Kajie- 
naro cjiumajiocb Bejianaflniee yAOBOJibCTBie. — Pyfieivb oahht> 
ocTeuiCfl.,, Hy, ia> 3T0My mh* He npHBHKaTb daTb. H Oea'b Toro 
Becb necTpefl- Ha hto CTopoaca b^ BaHHoft cm^dtch:— HnKaKi) 

TU QTh DeCTpott KOpOBM pOAHJICfl. 

Ohij noABiiHyjica ko MHfe h samenTajrb, noAMHFHBaa: 

- CKOJlbKO HOJIHTHHeCKHX'B oabhxt>! Tyrb hto y Hacb 
Omjio: ,cBofioAH... Bu6opbi... 3a6acT0BKH — Bee, KaKi> ecTb, Ha 
iDKyp'k y MeHfl aanncaHO. Bora uaicb nepeAi> HcTHHBHM'b! jQ[a 
He bi> 8TOM1. cyTb. Bh Hac^era... xe-xe! . nopyneHW nopascica- 
muxe-Ka! — BApyrb nepe6HJTb oh^ caMi> ce(5a h yifOJUCB B'B 
oatHAaaLH* 

fl bt> KpaTKHxi* h no B03MomHocTH ToqHuxT> BHpaateHiax'b 
hbjiojkhji'l cyTb &km. YKasajrb, Me«Ay npo^HMfc, hto npn 
yAa^t oh'l cnacerb »H3Hb HeBHHHOMy ^ejiOBtKy, npn HeyAait 
pncKyeTt, no^ajiyfi, nojiy^HTb em,e oahht> xopouiiu py6ei; r b... 
^iwio HAeni o nepeAa^t 3aiiHCKH, no npn o6cTOHTejibCTBaxi> 

AOBOJIbHO TpyAHHX'b. 

ToJibKO nepeAaTb 3amicKy?... Hjih HTO-HH6yAb eni;e ca* 
jiaTb? Hn^ero?.. — Otjihhho. A 3anHCKa aa BCflKifi cjiynafl 
mH^poBana? Axt>, 3Ta caMaa?— fa, ho KaKvaee— BApyri> cno- 
xbethjich onii c/b 6e3noKOflcTBOMi>,— B^Ab MeHa eni;e He cefi- 
nacn> Buniimyrb OTcioAa... 

- A cKopo-jm Bacb BHnHinyrbV 

Run itixupe npoAepaai'k. HH^ero! Biipt^tM*, a mu% 



noaauiyfl pam>nie BHflay. BTaKoe .zrfcjibijeL. Pa*Bi* iosmojrho 
onycTHTb? 

Oht> 6hjtb Becb Bt abhskchIh: yjiuGajica, epomnjrb bojioch, 
noTHpajn> pyicaMH. 

— Meacay npoHHMt— CKa3ajn> 0H*b, noflBHraacb ko mh* h 
noflMHrHBaa: — Oho, kohchho, no,m> pyatbaMH HacoBHXT>... ToroL 

HeMHO»KO meKOTKO... ToJIbKO 3T0 ne 6'bR*. 

Oht> ycnoKOHTejibHO saMaxajrb pynaMH. 

— 8to no mh$. JIk)6jik>-io! npoTjmyjrb oh^, Becb CMopnjHB- 
nracb orb yAOBOJibCTBin, h nepeaepHyjrb njienaMH.—Hy aaft 
Borb SflopoBbH TOBapHmaMi>: bchomhhjih. 3HaHHTb roaycb 
Koe-Kyzja. H BaM'b TOJicToe cnacn6o! 

Owb nopHBHCTO npoTHHyjrb pyny. 
■ a — Mh^-to 3a hto? 

— A Kaieb-Hce? — 3a HeocTaBJieHbe... Hmb,— paaHCKaji*. Hy, 
cjiaBa Te<Mk, Tocno^H! Xotb HeMHO»Ro BCTpaxnyTbca... B'bceC* 
npfaOTH! A to coBcfeMT> Ha jxymb 3apjKaB*fejio. 

KaJieHHfi Harayjica ko mh4 h cooCmnjrb yace no npia- 
TeoibCKH, no ceKpeTy: 

— B*pHTe-JiH: TaKan Bee Ha »tomt> BpeMeHH Heyztfrea na 

HCnpiHTHOCTH... 

— Hy-y? 

— yfiHTbCH Haao! Jlfl, emfl BjjoOaBOK'b Ha cMirb aaBoacKie, 
^epTH, noAHHJiH. Bee 6ojrfee HB'B-Ba 3Toro:— KajieHHft noKaaajrb 
rjiaaaMH Ha jkhbotb.— w 3aH*M'b aajica... KaKoft th nejioB'&K'b 
ecrb\ Hy, a Tenept a hmj> yTpy hocb. yipy... xe-xeL roJiyC- 
HHKaM'b! Bt> KpoBb pac^eniyTCfl co bjiocth... 

Offb nopHBHCTO BCKOHHJTB, C^tJiajIt KOHeiJ'b-flBanO KOMHaT* 

cHOBa ocTaHOBHJica nepeao mhok>. 

— Bon> npa3flHHKi>-TO bh mh4 ycTpoHjra!— nponsHecb owb 
no^TH cb yMnJiemeMi*.— Hy, ^rro a acnjrb ao chxi> nop*b? #eHb 
TO hohb— cyncH npo^cb? 

— A Tenepb? 

— Hy aa, fiyffro He noHHMaeTe!— BospasHJi'b oht> ct> Jiyna- 
bhm'b BHaoMi*. — flcHaa Benu>,— tohho Ha cb^tb Bomiflt BtnnejrB. 
Tenepb a Mory h cs> nejiOB'&KOM'b roBopirrb... h bi> rjiasa eny 
rjrajr&Tb... He npeatHGMy— ^eTa. 

— 3HaqnTb, jxhno KOH^eHO? BepeTecb?— cnpocHJTB a pinra- 

TeJIbHO. 

— Bepycb-TO 6epycb... KOHe^Ho! Hto o tomt> roBopHTb! 

T0JH>K0 OflHO BOTb... 

K'b H^KOTopoMy MoeMy yflHBJiemi), KajieHHfi TaKTb rae 6HCTpo 
HaxMypnjica, KaKb HeaaBHO npnmejrb bt> BOCToprb, cfcjrb Ha 

M^CTO H, UOCTaBHB'b JIOKTH, Ha^a-XCb epoUIHTb BOJIOCH, BaM^THO 

oTpocmie bi> CojibHHi^'fe. 

— BuflHTe, Kanaa Beno>, — HanaJTb OH'b ^epea^ MHHyTy Ka- 

li* 



164 B. OABOPCKlft. 

KKWb-Tn CTpaHnHMTj— H CMymeHHHMT>, H npOCHTeJIBHBBTb, H 

jiacKOBHMi> no c^rctjihbocth tohom'b:— Ecjih-6h BaMt eme pa- 
30kt> eaBt^aTbca cero^HH? a? HacHKOB'B 3TaKT> bt> BOceMb? 
Tor^a-fin yarb «... OKOH^aTeJibHO, — npH6aBHJTB oht>, cjierna 
BcnHxeyB'B. 

— Hyl HHKaieb h Baiffb aaxorfcjiocb... noayMaTb? — cicadajrb 
a wb nejioyMiHiH. 

KajieHHfl, npoflojiacaa KpacfffeTb, saMaxajrb pyicaMH. 

— KaKoft ^oprb! ^eMT* Tyrb ayMaTb? Bee hbb'^ctho 
HanepeieT'b. Rowb. bt> cjiy^a* nero, bhtk): nycicaft aojith 
oraacrt, flpoBa— KamyxHHy. OcTajibHoe npo^iee - Taicoe Mory 
xoTb ceflnacb no naJibijaM'B paaHecTH. Hirb, Tyrb apyroe 

otfCTGJlTeJIbCTBO... 

— CeKpeT'b? 

— y Hacb-To cenpeTH? Ha iripy «HBeMi>,~OH , b nocMOTpfcjrb 
MH*fc Bx rjiaaa h nporoBopmrb, noHH3HBi> rojiocb, <?b aaay- 
ineBeoft HCKpeHHocTbior—CopHHa Ha cob4cth... BO-orb! H hh- 
<rfeMx ee He aatcTb, He aanHTb. A yafb Ha Taicoe ffbjio hoth... 
caMR 8HaeTe,-HTo kt> npn^acTbio. flojimna 6uib coB^CTb bt> 
cnoKck 

npoTjrayjiacb #ojiras MHHyra MOJiHama. 

— Xopomo,— CKaaajii) a.— B* BoceMb a aaftay. Bh He pas- 
ay Maeie? BpeMH floporo. 

KaJlOHHtt BCKOTOJTb ct> MicTa. 

— *Ito bh, rojiye^HK-b! JJa paaBt mojrho... HeymejiH a... 
H-ny!— Owb ct> y^HBJiemeMi* paBBejrb pyKaira. — Axt>, bh, mo- 
3Kerb T jiyMaeTe y MeHa HHB*CTb *rro TaMi>... Ha cob^cth? Ily- 
ctjikh-hL Cthai> h CKaaaTb-TO... 

Oht> Ctf'&JiaJI'b H^CKOJIbKO HejIOBKHX'b OTH3ReHift B3a£T> H 

Bnepe^-b, aarfeM'b CncTpo HaimoHHJica kt> Moeiiy yxy h noac- 
bhji^ ho^th monoTOM'b: 

— IlpoGTo-Ha-npocTO corplmrajrb Tyrb nepe;rb fl^BHeHKofl 

0£HOft_ 

— Afi-afi-Hfi!— noKanaJi'b a rojiOBoft ci> HeBOJibHoB yjmCKOft. 
Kricb me bto bh Taieb? Hexopomo! 

— Hy bott>, bhahtb. jlyMaeTCH — Ha hto h ^*bkh? Aht> tc- 

Uepb^. J^tfiCTBHTeJIbHO... 

— Hto me Tenepb? 

- JX& hto: MFpHTbca r Ha^o, oTBtTHjrb OEPb h pasBeorb py- 
KaMH- Mh* onaTb noKaaajiocb, hto oht> He crojibKo nopa»em> 

H CKOH^yHCeffb, CKOJIbKO OCHaCTJIHBJieH'b BTOfi He06X0AHM0CTbK). 

— PaHbme OTJiHH^Tb He yM^x, — renepb yacb noa^HO. Oho, 
no HacToameMy, HanJieBaTb: h Tenepb-6n HH^ero... aa He jik>6jik) 
h! 9to ^ero HtT'b xyate, ecjin ^ejioB'bK'b Ha Te6a 6yaerb njia- 
KaTbCfi! HoHCb BOdpHli! H TaKi> jih)6jik), hto6h Bee 6hjio xo- 
pomo!— BocKJiHKHyjrb owb gt> yBJie^emeMT>,— Bo-OTbl ^Lto6h Ha 



HJWT KAJEHH*. 165 

jiynrb 6jiaro#aTb Ctuia! Hh cy^Ka, hh 3a£opnHKH! Toraa...y-y! 
ftyaa yronHo! H ropioniKa Majio. A qyxb HeMHOjRKO copnHa... 
ne to! ^xeaTKa He Ta... Ko #Hy TaHerb... B^Ab Chjio CH^ry 
na Moeft tojiobW 3Haio... 

KajierrtiH yjiHOHyjica, cxBaTHJn> MeHfl aa pyicy h, JiacKOBO 
tijieera rjiaaaMH, npnfiaBHjrb: 

— Tajcb aaft^eTe? 

— 3afl^y, saflAy, HenpeM^HHo! 

— Hy botb h cnacnOo 3HaqHrb, ct> ;rbJiaMH noicaM'fecrb 
KOH^eHo. — KajieHNft Becejio B3T>epomHjrb bojioch. — A Tenepb... 
qaflKy co MHOft? Bt> caMOMT> a^Ji*: cb aopojkkh? noTOJiKyeMT>... 
Tome xopomi> rycb, — BApyri> aacyeTHJica owb, noABHraacb 
aaraaraMR kt> ABepaMTb,— cHAHTb h rocTa HHH'feM'b He hot* 
^yerb. 

B<yfe ero ABHweHia Chjih CTpeMHTejibHH,— ho BceTaKH mh* 
yaajiocb yAepsaib ero. 

— Il03B0JIbTe, B'hjXb BH XOTfejIH KT> BOCbMH yJiaflHTb 
Jl-fejlO? 

— TaK*b hto-»t>? — yjianHM-b. Tenepb KOTopHft: naTbrti? 
ycnieTca. TojibKO bt> rnecTb ryAorcb GyAerb. OHa B-fe^b TOJKe 
na (frafipHK* pa6oTaerb. Te-Te-TeL Aa bh, Karae-rca, He naio-JiH 
woero Ooiiiecb? — BApyri> cnoxBaraiica ohT), CMiacb h MyApo 
npoHHKafl bt> o^Hy H3i> npn^HH'b Moeft HeptmHTejibHOCTH. Hy 
TaiCL... Ho rjiaaaMi) BHacy. TojibKO bto... xh-xh!.. HanpacHO. Haft 
y Meua OTJiH^HHft, cb BOJiH,— 3HTb AaBena npHHecb. H 6yjiKa— 
MaTepnHa.., 

^epeaij MHHyTy a HtcKojibKO AecnoraqecKH Cturb boabo- 
peHi> Ha cxapoMTb Mfccrfe y crojiHKa, a cMiiomiftca noC^AOHoc- 
HHft rojioci> KajieHaro 3BeH r feji , b y«e B'b ApyroMi> kohi** Kop- 
pejxopa. 

— CepryHbKa! TaBpa^o, MOXHaToe phjio! hCthhhthjih" Bann> 
w THnaTOK f B-oTi>? 4 ' TaKi> nero -^t-b bh? He bhahtc, hto kt> co- 
3HaT6JibHOMy pafio^eMy rocTb npninejrb? JKhb— bo! 

— Heceo— OM*b!.. nocjiHmajica eMy B'b oTBfrrb neft-TO to- 
HenbKlfl aJibTmcb, BtpoaTHO,— CepryHbKHH r b. 



n. 

3a laeM-b, KaK*b h cjiiAOBajio oatHAaTb, oBTb ne yrepnlwi'b 
h cb cbohmt> o6h4hhmt> xoxotomt>, atecTaMH h B036y3RAeHieMT>, 
paacKasajih cbojd HcropiK). 

— KaxcnafB cnoco6oMi> Bee bhhijio? — Hy, rojiy6qHKi>, 3Toro 
n caan> nonHTb He Mory. JJpyrie, CKameMTb, otf'&maioT'b me- 
HSTbca... TaMT> KJiaHyTca, SoataTca, a y MeHa h bi> noMKH* 
toro He 6hjiq. rJiHA^Ji^ coBcfeMX upocTO... rojiocoKi> BeceJiesb- 




166 i. •ABoresit 

Kin... &h cepetfpeuoM*, Mopuamica, Tajiia... He a, TaKi> apyroi 
Hjiwi— Bee e^HHo. ,Ha eacejra mh* Ha Bctx'b ateHHTbca, koto- 
pMa co MLiofi xopoBOAHJiHCb...— -KajieHHft sacBHCTaiTb h paa- 
Beji^B pyKaMii— TaKi> aio, 6pan>, HyatHo cyjrraHoarb TypeijKHM'b 
6HTb. linage h cocToama Moero...xa-xa!— He XBaTHTT>. Oco6eHHo 
Tenept: KOTopwd wbcaifb h b'b 3aBOAT>-TOHe xoacy... 

— He xoflHTe? no cjiynaio 6ojrb3HH? 

4epHHH flpoBH KajieHaro Ha MrHOBeme cABirayjracb. 

- Hftrb* a h paHbme He xoahjit>. Ct> nponuiofl saCacTOB- 
kh. CoBctMTj, mojkho cicaaaTb, orb TOBapnmeft OTmarayjica. 
yarb no Moejty TaKi>: rjiyno hphkoh^hjih, HaraHafl apyryro. 
II ohh Tome:— „,flj)yryroL apyryio". Aht> Mican^ npoxoAHTb: 
paGoTam-b. H h najibTO HOBoe cbfcjrb: pa6oTaiorb... Gryjrb, Bfc- 
niajiKy ajih njiaTba: ^to aa ^oprb! JIjMajrb: ciAwb eme caMo- 
Bap*b aa ^ryryHH vh KacrprojibKaMH?.. Hy MaTb CT&na nonepeirb, 
aaGpajja, hto 6hjio nocnoco6H , fee — h Kb shtk). A chh'b xoTb 
bojikom-b boA. BoTb #o cBaab6H jih Tyrb, caMH paacyaBTe. 
Oahomj JKeeaTb He^ero. A BpeMH? He TaKb aoxHyjrb h pyKH 
HaaaTB- Tarn ch/jh noTOM r b #a coxhh— aft meHaL n$>in> atma?.. 
'Bjia-jit eeronHa? Hy, KaaceTca, acHOl Hirb, noflH-Ka, croBopn 
ci> AliBqeHKaMH! XoTb 6h ob Moefi HacTacbeft PoroBHOft. y 
Hex-b y Bcbx'b oflHH'b cyKT> bi> rojioBt: aaMyarb! CTajrb a Tyrb 
nepe.Tb jrfcToarb cfinpaTbca B'b nHTepT> — aTaicia fltjia y Bacb 
TaM-b nfbjwjiKCh: Bca Ay ma neperopfcjia y MeHa.' — rjiaflb, h OHa 

CO MHOflV 

— „Th?! 3a^tMi>? 
„A KaKi> ate? 

„ BoHa HenpeMteHBctt wen* R&Rofi! J[% y M*mvn>, a o&nrb 
xcmy? 

- „A n Ky^a? Bi> neTJiio? 

- ^Se^mx bi> iieTJiro? Butijiewh aa apyroro. 

— ,3a Koro a noBay... He^ecraaa? 

„Hy, MaTymKa, o6t> 9tomi>, roBopio. nyatmo 6nao panb- 
me ziyMaib. He xo^HJia 6h no;vb KycTHKH. 

— „TVme yjiecTHjn> m yjiacicajrb? 

- W A th6h He noAAaBajiacb! He MaJieHbicaa... 

• H Ha TBOK) COB^CTb HaA^HJiaCb .. 

Hy noayMaflTe! Borb ^ero XBaTHJincb y Hainero 6paTa!— 
Hi> TaRHx-L-To A'feJiax'b, roBOgro. TaKT> 9to mh* CMimno: hsb*- 

CTHO— MyjK^IHHa, ^TTO BOJIKT>, r^t ypBeTb, TaMT> JHf JiaAHO.— Th, 

roBOpD, norjiH^H KpyroM'b: ecTb y Te6a rjiaaa, nafl? Oho Bti^B 

H AtflCTBHTCJlbHO: HTO HXX TOJI^eTCa BA^Cb! KaKT> KOMapOB'b 

wh senepy. A MHoro jih, cnpocnTb, BJiarb B*Hei; , b yBHAHTb?— 
OcoCjihbo TftKHXT>, roBopio, KaKi> th, He 3A*niHHx , b, HyatecTpaH- 
hhxt,, Ce3i> oTita, 6e3i> MaTepn, 6e3i> poziy, Cea-b njieMeHH? 
Onyiajin— h cTynafl: Apyraa aa Micai;^ naTepmcb xoaaeB'b ne^ 



EUM>A KAJUHHfi. 167 

peirfeHHTb. Th-6h zjoJMRHa, roBopio, em;e CaaroAapHTb: ctojibko 
BpeneHH aa oahhmt> JKHjia. Hy hto-o! 

Kajienufl npeapHTejibHO aacM-feaJica h MaxHyjrb pyicoft. 

— Baarb He HyatHO MHoro paacKaauBaTb: Haft, hxi> He cb moc 
sn^'fejiH, ssaeTe. GnoBaMH He BaaTb, h-h, npnjinnaTb HaHHerb, 
K2lki> cjitnoft ki> rfecTy, noflJiHSNBaTbca... — „TaKoft-caKoft .. 
cyxofl— HCMaaaHHHfl... HjibiomKa— AyniKa,— th bto orb Ge^bKii 
rrpHM'bpu 6epemb; He Btpio a, hto6h th 6hjii> Taicoft Ceaco- 
B'bcTHHfl 1 ',,. Borb h noflH ct> Heft. DlepcTKa Maricaa, Ha cnHHi: 
uepBOHa^ajibHO Kpinnmbca, a noToarb h c^aBaTb HaHHemb... 
yjKb y HeHH-JTH xapaierepeivb— He Bepecnna; Hfrrb, noAaaca- 
t&kh! HhoS pa3*b caMT> BHHcy: ^yHainica - oaho cnaceHbe. Ta- 
saa y Each no cociACTBy axoBaa AtsneHKa atHJia.. h Toate 
nero to pa^H aa imoft yBasHBaoiacb. BHBajio, BcnoMHHmb 
npo nee, tohho HenaaHHo: — nocMOTpn, mojtb, ecjin eft ne Ta-me 
necTt GyAerbl BaTiomKH cb^th! Hto Ha KaMeHKj! 3aM , &THT'b, 
aa^Hpicaerb... b^ MopAaeBO H'&M'b nonajio cb-feaAHTb... Hy h 
ofjioCjih na HeA^JiK) Bposb... Taicb h orb aToro He Jierqe. Bmnb 

AO CTpaCTH JIK)6JIK) 6'feAOBHX'b TaKHXT>. ^TO BT> COHHOft TO? Ch- 

AHrb— cboio Jiany cocerb. A 3Ta— yrapi> A*BKa. JIjMaeTca — 
cxBaTHTb-6H ee nonepeK'b rkna, epeTHHKy:—Ha! iinb MeHa! 
BeAHj KyAa xonenib. H cnopy Ronei^. Bo-orb! Cboh npHHHea. 

IIpHCMOJTHJlO! 

KajieHHft noAHiurb BBepx*b yicaaaTejibHHtt najieij'b. 

— Kan* HaAomjio OAHaatAH kt> paapHBy— B^Ab cania oTica- 
tajia mh-6: nero 8HaHHTb Jiynme? Hiyn>, Ha crfeHy nojrfea'b. — 
fl GHJiofl yAepJKy!** Boht> ao Hero npnnaajica... Ha em* hto a 
Bam, cKamy: h yAepacaTb-To He cyMijrbl — npoiaHyjrb ohi* 
nojiymonoTOMTj, CBBpino CJiecHyB'b raasaMH. — /JapoM* tojibko 
MThwem iiofi HcnopTHJiH. 

— KaKTb, h bto Hax-aa Hea? 

— A to H8i>-8a Koro-ate? CaMH, qaft, noHHMarr*. IIoAAaft- 
cm ■ b h ouyrb BTamaT*. HtptAaftTt •TaKaiYHKfc, a b4m% hoa- 
€hbjuo crbmeHbitaro... 



m. 

— CKaiKHTi noacanyftcTa, KaKH»rb ^t *to oflpasoM^ Morjio 
ojiy^mrbCH, hto ona caMa OTKasajia BaMi>?— npepHBa» a npeai* 
MHHyTy MOjmaaie. 

— J\b. KaKb?—6ojrfee co cTHAa... co cpaMy, 0TB'feTHJi r b aaAyM- 
^mbo KajieHHft. — Ci> aaBOAa noc6ajica, Ha nponia BaKaHi^HH 
Ee nonajra, 0e3i> coMHiHia, oAeateft nooTpenajica... Hy em;e > 
oKa»*Mi>, ntfAacaiCb, «a bit&mm Majio-Majio } a hto canorn— oaho 



168 b. eijoFCiii 

HaaBaHBe... PasyMteTca, h ki> BHey CoJibmoe co^yBCTBie hbh- 
Jiocb. Bott> 3T0 Tome... JlfiEh-io xoAHmb, Kaicb orviaineHnHft: 
MyHHma!.. Tom;Hin;a! TaaeTy Kynnnib: o, neprB,— lie rjijukjiii- 
6h rjiaaa!.. Bi> HaftHyio. yTpoMi> o^nerabca— 6ainKa Tpemerb 
cb BeMepomHflro; ApoB-b Hlvry, ^aio ct> caxapoM'b Htxy: oGpax- 
eo! B^ paaHHX'b-TO canoraxT> no rpasH... Mh^-to ymi> im no- 
qeM-b, — npHTepnfcjica, a eft cthaho: jho^h CMtiDTca. — h Co- 
aHaTeJibHHfl patfonifi! Bt> onopsax'b, nbaHHft, xoAH'rbh Hy - Aa, 
h Majio-Jib ^ero? Moacerb, Goajiacb? HepoBeHi> Haci>: JitoJibKa! 
KyAa?! 

KajieHHfl paaBejrb pynaMH. 

— Borb bt> Torb-TO AeHb, Kaicb 6HTb MHt pIsaaHOMy, y 
Haci> cxBaTKa h Btimjia. JIomjih) a npaMHKOM'b no TpanniHOMy 
nepeyjiKy, a HacnoinKa Ha BCTpi^y. H eme, noMnio, Tain, 
ofipaAOBajica: ^HCTeHbKaa Aa OiJieHbKaa, fenxpN pacnecaHH... 
KOSHpefcrb TaKHMi>: Hiraero, atHTb em;e moskho. TjiaAb, — it ohs 
B-b ciopoHy. A cb pyKaMH h 6jih3Ko noAOflra hb cmM. 
n KaK-b?.. Oreero?"— JJ& Taicb botb... orroro... CHa^aJia BOAKy 
ni^pecTaHb jiaicaTb... Aa aceHHCb... Tor^a nocMOTpHMi>, JJ^tol 

— ^Hto, roBopio, eme npnKaay CyAerb? 

— „BoJibnie HH^ero. 

— wAx'b, TOJibKO? TaKi> cMOTpn-ate, TapaicaHbe Mapajio, nio- 
fiyfica. 3TaKie yjjapH BHA'iwia? — Canorb eft noKasHBato .— A »Ta- 
Kie?— ^pyroft noKastiBaio. 

— „He fijiaacn! Bt> 3aBOAi> dynaft. 

— „PyKH no Ha^ajibCTBy JinsaTb Aa otfasaTejibCTBa B*b Gaa- 
roeaAetfCHocTH noAnacHBaTb? 

£ — r> He Gi^a, no^rmnienib. HHa^e y Hacb h paaBaaii He Gy~ 

— Borb HSTj-aa 3Toro Bee 6ojrfee h Bumjio. Oneab ym'b MHt 
Hacnerb aaBo^a o6haho noKa3ajiocb. ToBopio eft— caul. <jyib 
ayfiaMH He CKpnnJiK):— „TorAa yacb rjui MeHa corjiacHte ftyAert 
coBcfeM-b 3aKaTHTbca bt> IlHTep'b!"— A'oHa cb HacMime^Koft ot> 
TaKGft:— Mojiih-h! X-.Jiepa! ' He BHAajracb bt> IlHTept mstBMb 
AoOpoMT>! A KTO-me qaftHyio-TO 6yAeTi> KapayjiHTb? &$flb, no;4ii 
pefieHKa Jierne oti> rpy^H dHflTb, H'feM'b Te6a oti> *iaftHQft? Hy 
n n ne cTepnibjrb: hto HasHBaeTcn no HameMy, no aasoAcKOHy 
ea-oxManib! 

— Wr H,a TeG'fe-TO, roBopx), Kanaa neqajib? Tefi-fe-To KaKaa 
saGoTa? Btj IlHTep'b jih, bt> naftHyio— Bee paBHO ma Tema eii^d 
Bij A'bByniKax'b ryjiaeT'b! 

„B^i>. TpoxoHyjTb- ctoio nepeA r b Heft, bi> 3y6ax'b— OKypoffb. 
BApyri> noGtjitJia Bca, KaK^ 6epecTa. ^a noTOM'b: 

— wB^Ab Bpemb th Bee? HaBtpHo aceBHnibca oa komit 

HH6yAb? 

— „H© 3Haio; sapoKa ae K/iaAy. BbuioOh HSfc-sa 4ai u xo- 



Iflbfl KiJlBMliL 166 

ujrb HairkBaTb! A *rro y Te6a? Ilony He aanjianrrb? rjiaannpr 
o#hh? TarcB 9to, 6pan>, flemeBO ctohtb. 

— „Axb, aemeBO? — H otjih^tho. H nycTb 6yaerB aemeBo! 
Te6*, roBopHTB, ^eHBrn HywcHH.... Hy, y uensi aeHerB rhYb 
H*Ty. 3HaHHrb, h cpaMHTBea mh* cb ToOoft He^ero. BceMy — 

KOHeiJ'Bl* 

— Bohb Ky^arataMfl Ha^ajio BHKH^HBaxb. HHte AaJiBme, 
TbMB uyme. - Hh th — ko mh*, hh a— kb Te61s: aMHHB — cjiobo. 
Mena, roBopHTB, xopomie jiidrk 6e3T> Bcero, 3a jih>6obb 6epyrB. 

CKOpifl BHXOflHTB Ha^O. 

— H cefl^acB me onpoMeTBio— bb nepeyjiOKB: Ha (J>a6pHKy cb 
o6ina 6'featajia. 51 roBopio Ka(5H Ha yMHaro — TaKB h nycTBl Oxot- 
hhki> Hamejica? — ofinpaft, c/rfejiaft mhjioctb. PyKH pa3Ba»emB. 
A Mera B'B i^HraHCKift hotb KHHyjio. Be8T> Hea, bhhib— T rro 
TpaBHHa bt> noarfc. Cohbidcb OKOH^aTejiBHO. Kpnqy eft B'B flo- 
roHKy: CKaatH, mojtb, kto xoth cBaTaerB? MoateTB, em;e na- 
Pohho? IlyraeT-B. OflHaKO HtrB: 

— w KapBOHeH , B. CanoatHHR'B. 

— „HyxHa? 

— „H BoBce He ^yxHa, a HfcMeijB. 

— „J$s. eme aytfaTOBeij'B *) BjofiaBOKB? 

— ^to th eMy sa canora Ronxiewb ocrajica, TaiCB owl h 
3y6aTOBeijB CTajn>? 

— Cb t£m*b h H3i> BH,ny nponajia. Axb, BOJIKB Te6a 8ap'fe3BB! 
KpynycB nocepe^B yjmijH, tohho mchh kohko* nepeixajio. 
Bee ace ao cen nopa, yacB He roBopa o npo^eii'B, xotb (Sapum- 
hh 6HJia. A TenepB h 6apHmHH Hlvry. OKOH^aTeJiBHO B'B no- 
cajjcKie npnnHcaJicH. Hto-etb bh ayiiaeTe: BBajiHBaiocB B'B ^aft- 
Hy», a 3th nofljieijH KaKB no #yxy ^yjorB: 

— ^KaJieHOMy! IIoHerB! 

— ^BcfeM'B no ceMB, a Hjibrcfe BoceMB cb KocroHKOii! 

— „ro-ro-ro!— cb kojiokojibhhkom'b! 

— „ro-ro-ro!— cb 6y6eHHHKaMH! 

— „ro-ro-ro!— cb KpacHNMH JieHTOHKaMH! 

„3a CBoero npH3Harorb. y6aTBca Ha^o! Ha hto OrapKOBB— 
BopHme npeecTecTBeHHHft — h totb cb pynoft ko mh*: 

— „K&Kh atHBeTca-MoateTca? 

— „J}p TBOeft pyKH flOJRHJTB?! 

— ZJa aTo-To nycTHKH. A botb Bxomy B'B 6om>mjK> KOMHaTy — 
fies'B xoro MyTB Ha cep^mt: totob^ nepBOMy BcrpfcHHOiiy ro- 
JioBy cjioMaTbl— h Bflpyr'B... KaKB bh ayiiaeTe, — kto ch^jtb 
TaMB? Kto? Hh bt> jkhctb He yraflaeTe.... 

— MoacerB 6htb, canoatHHKB?— CKasajiB a Hay^any. 



*7 .3y6aTOBeijT>— Ha m*cthomt> aauK* ffpjrb h npHCJiyacHHirb nojnuUn, 
noHTH mnioHi*. 




17# I. UIIMIll. 



n 



— Btpno. Kara pan* nonajiif.— Kajieirafl MamnnajibHO npm- 
BCTafli> 3 h rjiyfioKo nepeBejn> Ayx'b.— Cairb «eHHX'b, BHararb. 
IlTaK-b oabrb, CKOTHHa: nrraHH TpeKOBue na BHnycicb, BopoT- 
hh^kh sanajieHH, * bh6phtb. A Baopx exHAHHfl: — „Th, mojtb, 
h ne nyemb, T rro a ct> TBoeft ryjiaTb Be^epcwB noflAy?" Botb 
Kor^a mciui ocBiTHJio.— Ilofi^enib?— o-o-ol— Hy-Ka, noAH, Ay- 
MaK>. npiicyHBca! 

4tvMT>-»e bh MorjiH noirfemaTb eiiy?— cnpocHJTb a He 
fiesi. jnoCooHTCTBa. 

— ^liMi)? ^a inero HaRocTHJiaTb eiiy xopomeHbROI— bckphk- 
Hyji-b KajieHHH, Becb BCiiHXHyB'b.— H aaROHHo! Ha nyaofi 3a6opT> 
He^ero aapHTbca, cboA ropoAn! Hto CMOTpme? He no Bameiiy? 
A K&K-b me no BameMy? Xa-xa!... Ha ayaJib ero BHBBaTb? Y Bacb, 
H3BfecTno, ao CjiaropoAHOMy. A no HameMy KaKT> orb oTqoB'b, 
orb npaA'^AOB'b Be^eTca: bt> xojiny HamiacTb, cRojibRo BJr&aerb, 
Aa B-h rpH-m BHBajiHTb bt> JiyimeM'b BH^i, <$OHapeft bt> npe- 
noprUio nojuacTaBHTb, a TaMi> hah, Ry^a xorfejrb... He 6oflcb, 
HHKyAa oh-b, TpenaHHft, h ne noffAerb. KaKT> Borb cbhtb, 
oahhi» nporyjiaerb y MOCTa. Borb vjifk BAopoBO nocirkeMca!.... 
no3^paBHMi>! Hn^ero, ohhtb Moa GyAerb. Xa-xa!... meaROBaa! 

Kajienuft, bt> BejiHHaflmeM'b BOJraeHiH, noTnpajrb pyRaMH. 

- TaEtb onaTb Cifla,: He bhxoahtb no HameMy!— BCRpHRHyjrb 
owh cHOBa, y4apHBi> pyROfl no pyR*, cb AOcaA<HHBO-»ajio<5HbiM , b 
cM'bxoM'L,— Yacb cHa^ajia, Raaexca, KaRi> ^ryAecH.o nociponjiocb 
Khjio, Hapoay HaGpajiocb kt> MoeMy CTOJiy bhahmo HeBHAHiio, 
Aaace OrapicoB'b cHOBa . noAomejrbL Ob pHJia no rpHBeHHHRy, 
Meeerb — Macca. BoARy Rynajin y w cTp'fejiK0B'b a Ha yjiHij*, 

XOpOByiO 3EBeJIH SaRyCOHHyiD... CjIHXHBaJIH? 

flo yjiHirt moctoboW, 

(lO IIlHpOKOft CTOJltfOBOft, 

Ulna ropHHua ct> BCT^HHOtt. 
C3ajiH yncyc-fc mo-jioaoH 
KpHHHTb: 6apuiiJHJi, nocroft! 

- Snaexc?— Hy botb. flajibme TO*e aowco t<n:ratHO. H 
•Apjrx BoMHieB'b, xoaaHnb ^aflHOft, flasafl ynrman nijde. 
Ko MB* MemAy npo'iHM'b: 

- „Ka,ji€HHft, th Moaeemb aaRpHTb nactb? 

A H JHCb 8HaD — HTO OTB^THTb. 

^a nojiHO, AHApefl THpHH'b, TaROft-caROfl, apjr* ETOi^t- 

arn \m i\ ;uifl nocRaHAaJiHTb Ha nocjiiAHift paii>. y"ao at#H»oi»- - 

TyT-b ohh Bcfe: 

- „Xh-xh-xh... U,a Te( ta> ^a^> ■* y*A* Ri> Btouy ho np«- 

„To<rao, roBopio, CpaTipi! Hhkto c#6t He Bparb. flja bmaho 



j 



Ijq* lujuautt. 171 

HH^ero He no^fejiaemt. HeoxoTa 3y6aTOBitaMT> AtBHomcy ot- 
saBaTB. CjiHinnTe? — JJiBHOHKa-To, roBopio, Oojibho xopoma. A 
Tyra> aaBejica OAHHb Taicofl ropa<rift, npoxoAy He Aaerb. TaKi> 
hto bhxoahttS efl orb Iy^n npocxo KpHniKa.. 

• — HoHHMaeTe: canoacmiKa no HMeHH He HaaHBaio, a tojibko 
hto najn>i^eMT> Ha Hero He noKaanBaro. OflHaKO 6oiocb: cTpycnrb, 
cKOTHHa Aa yfiaerfc: hui;h hxt> TaM'b BnoTbiiax'b! Hi-irb: He 
TaKOBCKifl! Em,e MH& ate HaBCTplray! 

— ^hbjuocb foBopHTB, Ha HHHfenjHHXT> jiroAefi: ApyroB 
cobc^m'l rojiHfl, 6eaT> MtcTa maTaeTca, a nyrb MaJieHbKo: a*- 
HHTbca!.... aeHHTbca!... 

— Ohi>-to KpyroMT> Aa okojio, a a yara> m HanpaMHKi>; kyaa- 
komi no cTOJiy: 

— „Ka-aK*b! Kto rojimfi? — aV Axt>, th, nojiaijeflcKaa npa- 
cocKa. A 9to KaK*b no TBoeMy: He nnAatairb? A aTO, Hanpa- 
M , fep , b, He acHJieTKa? A 3to He <|>ypamKa vb KoatipbKOM'b?.. 

H Bflpyn> oht> KaKi» BCKpHKHerb: 

— „A canorn? — Ha bcjd na&Hyio. — A canorn— nyacie? Moh 
canorn; aa hhxx ao ceft nopti He aamia^eHo. Xo^emb, ceBnacb 
pa8yio, fieaertuKie rjiaaa? Hah fiea^ canoroBi> Kb BfcHuy! 

Camb Aaace kpobbh) orb paAoara Hajrajica, Kairb niaBKa 
H-Hy-y!.. HapoAy Kpyrb Hacb CKonnjiocb... atAyrb - hto KajieHHfl 
cKajaerb. B4ab Toace rpoxajio He nat nocjrfcAHHX'b,— sHanm*, 
4T0 a He H3*b OAHaro KOTejiKa Kaniy ijrb.... 

— „BnaaJiH, roBopio, rojioByniicy ct> yniaMH? H canorn 
AaBHo cHomeHH, a oht> Bee euje A«Heri> jkacti*... 

„Hy, Kaicb ohh aojttob'b cpoay He njia^HBajin— bt> noKaTO^Ky. 
Borb 3to y^ajiocb mh* (KajieHHfl rjiyfioKO h ycnoKoeHHO bsaox- 
nyjii>) Aa noTOMi>, HeMHoro cnycTa, Toaee He yAapnjrb jnmoM'b 
bt> rpaab. npncTajrb oht> ko mh4: CKaatu Aa cicaatH, OT^ero 
aa canora iraaraTb He xonemb? 

— w Moacerb, a xyAO mbio? Henpo^Ho? 

— »H4Tb, roBopro, mraero-o, npo^HO. HokoAhhkh He Ha- 
xBaJiaTca... 

— Hy noAyMafiTe! — KajieHHfl noAMHrHyBi> mh4, npncHyjrb 
cocifbxy.— Bi> JiocKb nejiOBtKa nojioarajrb. TojibKO oxaerb: o!.. 
o!.. o!.. a caMT> h cicaaaTb HHiero He Moacerb: khcjihmi> aa- 
iihjio. noTOMi> OHHyjica: naflHHKOM'b B'b MeHa. A mh* nero h 
HyatHo; caMi> B'b pyKH AaeTca. Oht> mh* nafiHHKOM'b bi> 
6aniKy, a a ero no-CBOflcKH: c*b Hon> aojioA. Hy Borb 
TOJibKO, KaateTca, Majio-MajibCKH nomeKOTHTb 6h: tocthhi^h 
HacoBaTb KyAa cjrfeAyerb, npn^ecKy nonHnmie ycTpoHTb h 
AOCTaTOHHo; aa rjiaaa 6h! Htrb, He BbiJia<|)HJio!— KajieHHfl ct> 
oepAeHHHM'b coKpymeHieM'B paaBejii> pyxaMH.— BApyrb KaKaa- 
to cKOTHHa Heaa caaAH noAi> mhhikh... 

— »Att-A* «03HaT«JibHUJt pa6o^ifl! JUl-%* tazpajra a«m0- 



1 Vii B. e a a u i> c U 1. 

KpaTb! EJiaro HejioBiicb no cnjrb nonajica, — pwb ao cMepTH 
3aKJieBaTb? a 

— Kto bh ^yMaeTe? OrapKOBT>. 3a T rbMi> AaBena pyKH eMjr He 
noaaji'b. Botb hxt>, KaicB hh roBopn, yarb h ABoe CTajio. Oahhi> 
noATb ciiJiKH Aepacnrb, apyrofl Ha Horn bckohmtl, bt> pyKa*b 

KH MHOrO HH MaJIO— HOJKHKTj. OHO, CKa3KeMT>, H HOHCHfCb-TO 

Apanb, cMOTp^Tb He Ha hto, a npeBOCTpbiit, KaHaJiba; hmt> ca- 
IIOJftHHKII HHCTHT1> H pOBHHH)Tb noAomBy. Borc> KaKoe a&ho 

BHxonHTb. H— bi> oAHy CTopoHy: He yfiTHl Bt> apyryio cTopoHy: 
He ypBaTbcaL Tenepb Hanra aBOHapn KaKyio nrryicy BNAyMajra: 
„y Hero-^e pyKH h Horn OTHaJincb co-dpaxy". Hy, CKaacHTe Ha 
mhjioctl! PaaBt noxoace?— KajieHHft ct HeroAOBameM'b oramo- 
HyjicjL— yacb Tor^a mh^ bch CTaTb 6HJia-6H KpHKHyTb bt> okho 
BoMHTOBy: ohi> Ha ABop* JiomaAeft noHJTb. OAHaico, a He aa- 
KpH^ajTh. j^ahh'b ynpaBJiiocb! He B-b nepBti# paaiA Ta6ypeTKa 
6JLH3KO oToajia, sa Ty yxBaranca. Tenepb, moji'b, eme nope3o- 
HHJCb ch BaMH, npiaTejra. TaKB pacHHTHBajii): bi> cjiynai nero 
BApeOeam pacnra6y canomHHKa. Borb Tyrb KaKHM'b poaomi> 
AaJi^b h npoMamicy — 3Toro AMcTBHTejibHO ao cen nopn noHHTb 
He Mory-„ He ycn'fejrb eme pasBepHyTbca hjih He AorjiaAiiJrb, — 
loprb ero 3Haerb. Cramy TOJibKo: hto 3to y Mena, Ka*a> 
orHCMTb no JKHBOTy? XBaTb, a yacb jxbjio KOHneHo: pacnopojin... 
KajieHHft ci> cepweM'b h HeAoyM'fenieM'b noatajTb nJienaMH. 

— Bofb, Ay^aio, epyH^a-TO? HnKarcb bi> noMHHaHbe sanH- 
cajia noA*rceijH? A Hero yarb TaMT>: bt> rjiasax'b TeMHO. H Ta- 
6ypeiKy H3T> pyiet stray CTHJTb. Tji'b cToajrb, Tyrb h jien>. Orap- 
KOBt 3yAHTi> noAT> yxoMi>:— Jlyncyfl ero, Jiyncyil xopoineHbKo! 
OAHy naranuy MojioKa He noxjie6aTb! A a h naaibuearb abh- 
Hyrb He Mory bt> sanjHTy. Rsl yacb GoMHneB'b C'tmurb: — Bh 
htg, apecTaHTu!.. KaTopatHHKH! Bi> 6ojibHHuy ero!.. Ha H3B03- 
qHKi! Jl$ HyTpeHHOCTH ero, KpHHHfb noAfiepHTe! ~9to a tohho 
bo cH'fe cjiHmaJi'b: — HyTpeHHOCTH-TO ero! HyTpeHHOCTH! Kajie- 
Bui\ Bcrajrb, BHHHJi'b sajiHOM^ H&& H3i> CTaicaHa h aaxoAHJH) 
no-KOMaaTi. BiTep^ CTyHaJi'b bt> oKHa. H3T> ABepeA aohoch- 
jihcl pasHHie CojibHHHHHe 3ByKH: inapicaHbe Ty^jiefi, oxh, Ka- 
mejib, 3ftajio6HbiH BOCKJiHuama; kto-to n , fejn> BAajiH chhjihm*b 
TeHopoMi, cKyHHyio MOHOTOHHyio n'bcHio. nporaHyjiocb AB^-TpH 

MOHyTU. 

— TaKT> bott> KaKaa HeaaAana, caMH bhahtc, Hanajrb Ka- 

JieHHfl Cb HOBHM'b npHJIHBOM'b BHepriH, CaAHCb Ha CBOe M'feCTO. 

8a^cl oMHyjica— bojioch AHfioM'b. H H3Tb-3a nero? H3-b-8a cjih- 
koth^ H3b-3a A^BHeHKH? JljMaeTca: npHAH OHa Bl> TO BpeMfl, 
aporHajiTj-Cfci!— „Kt> cBoeny noHoaceBu;HKy!.. Mapuii>! tt — h A*Jiy 
Koneqij. A noTOM'b— to Aa ce, paHa CTaJia aamHBaTb, aoktop^ 
cMieToa:— Hnnero, npoHHie npemHaro 6yAemb!.. OnaTb cb 
ftflaofl cropoHH saAyJio. A y^ci> kslri* caiioS yBHA'bJi'b... 



Mh& KULEtiUB. tit 

KaJieHH^ TOJitKO MaxHyjrb pyicofi. 

— HaB^CTHJia Bact? 

— HaBfccTBTb OHa! Ilocjit Tajcoro CKaHAaay? ^osojihHo 
Toro, hto no BenepaMT> Ciraerb Kb oKomicy, — npoCopMOTajn, 
oht> cb BaeaanHOli mnpoKofl yjiH6icofl. — 3A r kcb mTopa-To ao 
KOHija He cnycKaeTca — h bhaho, KaKi> kto-to 3araaAHBaerb. 
A HaHHenib BCTaBaTb... (J)iy!.. H cjih^b npocrajn>... Qua! 
Bojibme HeKOMy. Bott> ct> rfexib nopi> a h b36£chjich: — nonuii> 
aa Hefi h ma6anrb. Ilomjiio, nonuiH), — a Ayxy-To h He xea- 

THJIO... 

— noneMy-ate? 
KajieHHfi ycMtaHyjicH. 

— JSfi,, a hocb-to KaKb noAHHnerb! CnpocHTb, MHoro-jui 
Oyaerb pa^ocTH? Yarb B3opi> oahht>...— w Hto, mojib, yTepcji** 
BtAB KpanH-HBa! Tyrb HaAO npaMO noAi> eflHyio Aepacasy 
npHCKJiOHaTbca. . . 

— Ho B^Ab ceroAHa bh npHKJiOHHTecb?— CKaBaJi^ a, bct&- 
Baa CB HeBOJibHOfl ycM^niKoft. 

— Taicb eme-6H, ceroAHa? CpaBHaaH! — OTBiTHjrb oht>, Toate 
noAHHMaacb Ha Horn h Becb Kpacfffetf . — CeroAHa Apyroe A*a»- 
H to 6yAy npocHTb: o6a3aTeabHO nycTH Ha nacb! 

— Bh noaaraeie,— ecjni CyAeTe npocHTb, oTnyoTHTb? 

— Hy, KaK'b He OTnycnmb? B1jai> OHa H3i> noHHMaiornHXL. 
Kairia-To aacKOBHa HHTOHaitfH 3a3By^ajra bt> rojioct Kajits- 

Haro, ho, oneBHAHO, oht> caMi> He Ohji'b yBipeH'b bt» ycn'&xji, 
noTOMy hto cnycTa H^CKOJibKO ceKyHAi> npM6aBHjn> bi» paa- 
AyMba: 

— A eaeJiH h 3aynpaMHTca — HanjieBaTb! 06oflAy Kaia*- 
HH6yAB. O^eHb npodo. Hto? OnaTb cMfceTecb?.. He BtpmeV 
Borb yBHAHTe yato. Bi> JiyimeM'b bha* o6aanoiny! TocnoAuf.. 
bt> nepBHfi pas*, hto-jih? 

— A ecjiH OHa „npHJiHnaTb" Hannerb? — HaaoMHHJTb a. 
Qwb aaMaxajrb pynaMH h lafioranjica. 



B'b Ha^ajit AesaTaro a cHOBa bxoahjtb bt> MajieHbKyio yrjio- 
Byio najiaTy. 

npH MoeMi> noaBJieHin BHcoicaa TOHeabKaa A*ByinKa &$ 
Tenaoft ko^to^k* h BasaHoarb 6 , hjiowb iuiaTOHicfe cTpeMn- 
TeabHO noAHaaacb ct> Ta6ypeTKH, Ha KOTopoii a Aasena m- 
A'feji'B sa naearb h, A*aaa bha?>, hto onpaBJiaerb noAymtui, 
Kp^HKo noijIuioBajia KaaeHaro. H ocTaHOBHjica Ha noporfc b% 
HeAoyM^Hin. 

— HaHero, HHHero, BxoAHxe, — cjierKa CMyuu.eHHHM'b h kl 



174 B. tfAisOPCKltt. 

to ace BpeMH TopKecTByromaafB tohomt> paspfcmHJTb Kajienufl, 
npHnoABHMaacb. JJa, bt> ero rojiocfc 6bura TopsKecTByromiJi 

HOTU; HeCOMH^HHO OHt HyBCTBOBaJTb Ce6a X03aHHOM r b hojig- 

aceHia. — Bon> peKOMeH^yK): bto moh nojioBHHKa OyAymaa, 
HacracbH BacHJibeBHa. riajibita bt> pon> miacTb Hejibaa: oiKy- 

GWTh. 

Hacia ycMtxHyjiacb, Tomyjia na Hero Horoft 11 Heptnia- 
xenbHO opoTHHyjia B^b MoeMi> HanpaBJiemn ropanyK> ysenb- 
Kyw pyny. Ybh! OHa He TopacecTBOBajia... Ilpn cBtrfc CKynaro 
KaaeaHaro oroHbKa OHa noKaaajiacb mh£ npexopomeobKofi, ho 
BejiHKo,rr-fenHHe came rjiaaa 6lijih KpacHH, sanjiaKaHH. r Iepea^ 
MHayry a aaM^THJii), *rro ohh yicpaAKotf noAHHJincb ea MeHH— 

He TO C/b JIK)6onHTCTBOM'b, He TO CT> HeHaBHCTbK) — Q TOTHaCb 

onycTHJiHCb, nocjrk Hero ea BCTpeBoaceHHoe jihhhko ciaJio eme 
ne^ajibHte. EABa-jra a He npeACTaBJiajica A'tByunek 0Jini;eTBo- 
peaieMb HeyMOJiHMOfi cy^bCH, yrpoataBmefl Tenepb ea mhjiomj, 

— HeymejiH oraycTHJia?— MejibKaJio bo mh*. 

— Bu He noAyMaftTe, hto a njieTy Ha Hee, — npoAoJUEaji'b 
MemAy t£mt> KajieHufi.— Cefiqacb co MHofi KaKyio mxyKy co- 
gues ji a! Xo-xo! — bt> Tpe3B0CTb yneiuia! Borb KaKi* nepeAi> 
HcTHHHHM'b! Y6HTbca Ha^o! To Bee nbHHHija Ohjtb, a xenepb.,. 
KaKT> h dynHTb He 3Ha«). BaMii cbcTb HenyAa? Cett^acb oRa 
yxoAHTb. Hy, HTo-ace th, yxoAH! — o6paTHJica OH'b Kb HacTi t 
B-b To-3Ke BpeMH saAepaeaBaa ea pyny bt> CBonx'b pyitarb - 
IloGHA'feJia, nopa h ^ecTb 3HaTb. Hjih h Te6a BHCTaBJiaTb ByjKHo, 

KBJC'b A^Be^a HOMHHaJIbmHKa BHCTaBHJIH? 

Tiixifl 3Byia> ero rojioca, npoHHKHyTHE rpycraoft h bhho- 
Kaiofi whmEOCTbJO, CTpaHHO npoTHBopiiHHJi'b ero HacarkinJin- 

BblMTj CJIOBaM'b. 

— Axi>, HaAotJia? Hbbhhh, noatajiyflcTa, — nponaaecjia 
osa ct* yjiH6Kofi, ocBoCoaeAaa pyny h3t> ero miemeft Tojiocb 
y Hea ajibTOBaro 3ByKa, HMeHHO w cb cepeCpeitOMV, no AaBHm- 
fieMy BwpajKeHiH) KajieHaro. — 3aBTpa He npnAy, ec<™ Tain.,— 
(5yAb noKoeHi>! 

Oaa BApyrb bch BcnuxHyjia paAOCTHO Kajiennfl uorajrb, 
t ito aasrpa OHa CHOBa HenpeMiHHo npnC'fejKHT'b kt> HeMy. 

yjiufiKa aBJiaeTca h bi> jmufa KajieHaro, ho, b^pohtho, 
H3i> npHJinqia oht> TOTiacb npHHHMaerb KOMHHeciCH^CTporifi 

— He npHAenib? — o-o! A bi> cojiAaTH xoqemb? 
HacTynaerb MHHyTa MOjrcaHia. OHa ncnoAJioSba B3rji3AH- 

saerb na MeHa — ropbKifl ynpeK^ nyAHTca mh^ m> Browb 
BarjaA'fet— sarfcifb Ha Hero h BApyri>, Kaieb 6h HcnyraBniHCii 

B03M0HCH0CTH SaHJiaKaTb, CKOJIbBHTb Kb ABepHM'b. Ct HOJOM 

ona BC«-TaKH eme paa'B orjiaAHBa«Tca Ha KajieHaro, A^fejiaert 



Ufcl KAJBBffMf. ITS 

•My bt> -MA* nocjit^Hnro npHB^TCTBia orpoMHNfl noe* h 
Hc^eaaerB bt> KoppnAopfc. 

— Axt>, 6ecTin nojiocaTaa! y-aco-o— KpHnnrb eft KajieHHft 
c-h He coBciMi> HaiypaJibHof! BecejiocTbio. 

— IIoMHpHJiHCb?— cnpainHBaio a nepes'b MHHyncy, ho Ka- 
jieHufl ne saMlinaerb Bpnpoca— OHb npncjiynraBaeTca kt> en 
inaraMx>. H tojibko Kor^a xjionHyjia HapyatHaa ABepb bt> 
KyxHi, oht> nepeBejTB Ayxi> h, Kaicb 6h bhxoah H3* aa- 
GbiTba, npoH3Hecb, ycMixaacb: 

— Ha.. noMHpHJiHCb KOft-KaKi>.. OrnycTHJia... 

- OTnycTHJia?— noBTopaK) a cb HeBOJibHoft rope^bK). Mh* 
Bee no^eMy-TO Kaaajiocb, hto BHifAerb Hao6oporb: hto a no 
myny, nocMtiocb HaAi> KajieHHM'b, h smwb a^jio koh^htch. 
Ho KajieHHft h Tenepb He cjiHmajrb Moero BOCKjraqaHia. IIpH- 
THCHyBmHCb kt> oKHy, owb HanpaaceHHO BrjiHAHBajica ckbo3i> 
aanorbBmia deKJia wb TbMy yjinijH. MnHyTa TaHyjiacb 3a MHHy- 
TOft. BipoaTHo HacTa Toace 3aMiTHJia ero bt> oKHi, noTOMy tto 
KajieHHft yjiH6ajica h AOJiro hto-to noKasHBajrb pyKaMH. Haico- 
Heivb KajiHTKa CKpnnHyjia, A^Byraica ynuia. KajieHHft o6opaHH- 
BaeTca ko mh* Bee eme ct> OT6jiecKaMH cnacTba bt> Jini**, a 

BMicrfe CT> T&Wb H Cb O^eBHAHHliH yCHJliaMH BCHOMHHTb, Ha 
leifb MH KOH^HJIH. 

— #a, oTnycTHJia, oraycTHJia, — Ha^HHaerb oht>, 6hctpo, 
BnaAaa bt> cBOft o6hhhh« tohi>.— Botl bh He BipHJiH. 51 ro- 
Bopro: OHa hbt* noHHMaiomHX'b. Ho yacb AocTajiocb mh* cero- 
AHa!.. <£y-y!.. Ha coBicTbl 

Oht> nepeAeprraaerb njienaMii; 3aT*M'b, CpocHB'b noAospn- 
TejibHHft BsrjiaA'b Ha okho, hhcthhkthbho oTXOAHTb BTb yrojn> 
h yate orryAa npoAOJiacaerb Bnojirojioca: 

— Hlvrb, bh 3HaeTe hto: coBC'JsM'b He xoTiwia MHpHTbca' 
Borb KaKX nepeAi> HcraHHHM'b! Tanaa npnmjia— hh bt> Ayry, 
hh bt> orjioCjiJD. Yafb caMa bhahtb, KameTca: nejiOB^Ka xotb 
bt> nrojiKy BA'bHb, na-Bce totob'b! H4rb, KaKT> cBoe cepAe^Ko 
nepejioMHTb! 3aq , bM , b, BHmb, paHbme JioMajical H Tyrb, H3- 
BOJibTe paAOBaTbca, ne no eflHOMy CKaaaji'b, h TaiMb He TyAa 
nomejrb, h bi> ^aftHoft HeoAHOKpaTHO npocjiaBjifljrb, h pi- 
3ajiH-T0 MeHa- He sap'&sajiH: Tenepb hh bt> rfexx, hh B'bcfex'b, 

HH JKHBOft, HH MepTBHft... KaRHXl> BHffb ne Hac^HTajia! — w Th, 
TOBOpHTb, HOMHHHIb, KaiTb H'fejl'b:— BKyCHH JIH MHJiaa CJie3H 

cojieHHa? Hirb, CKajRH: noMHHHib? Th HTO-ace AyMa-aii? Hto 
a KaMeHHaa? A noMHHmb enj,e, KaKi> 6axBajiHJica: Moa-Ae T«ni;a 
eme B'b A'bBymKax'b ryjiaerb! A 9to noMHHmb, KaKT> bi> ro>a- 
homi* bha* rposHJica: — He Aamb noJiTHHHHKa, kt> /IjHaniK'fe 
yftAyl" -H roBopro:— Majio-Jib nero bt» nbaHOM'b bha^ 6uBaerb... 
He Ka»Aoe jihko bi> CTpoKy...— w Axt>, He KaatAoe! nona j^iji'b 
6hjtb, Meaa 3HaTb He xoTbji'b... ^emeBO CTOHmbl" A Tenepb, 



176 B. ftABOPCKlft. 

KaKi> HyTpeHHocTB cMOTpiHa, TaKi> h a cTajia xopoma..? „He 
KajKnoe jihko. B'B CTpoKyL" Bhaho icTb-TO Cyzjemb, a pa(5oTaTb 
noA03E^u? Ha moh xjrfe6a cbcTb pa8CHHTHBaemb". ^a-ci>, botb 
Aarce ao ^ero ocMlurajiacb... Taicb yarb mbA, BHaeie... Toro... 
e o6haho HeMHoatKO, h cm&iiiho, a^ nym,e Bcero yAHBH- 
TejibHo: bott> naMHTb! Th roBopnnib ci> hhmh, He ayMaemb, 
a oHt KaatAoe cjiobchko icb cepAijy KJia^yrb, a noTOMT> h Haft- 
nyrb ero npn cjiynafc. Hy yarb Aeprancb Tor«a... 

— 'iro-aK'b bh? 

— JJa hto... cHa^aJia-To K03HpHJicn, a noTOM'b h rojioBy 
noxb KpHjiHmKo: hh cjioBe^Ka. Mojrcy— y! IlycKaft H3i> Hen 
BuxoAHT-b. TjiaBHoe, BpeMa-To He sRjierb: Ha BocbMOft nacb ne- 
peBajiHJio; cicopo bh aojijkhh npnATH. HaKOHeirb, rjiaaty, THme 
Aa THme. CjiaBa Te6i, rocnoAH, — h coBvbwb paaiiflKJia... Totoo 
cBHTOfl BoflH AaJiH.— Hy, Aa jiaAHO, roBopnrb, He cKynafl; o6h- 
meHHaro He oCnmy. Momerb, ao cma He HaKopMJiio, a h cb 
rojioAy He AaMi> yMepeTb OKOH^aTejibHo. ByAy, KaKi>-HH6yAb 
BurarHBaTbCH. 

Moji^y-y! 3a pyiey bbajitb. 

— ,CjieaH-To yTpemb? 

— Ti^Tpy... TeCt-To hto? 

— fl Momerb, em;e rpHdb m«hji GyAtnrb? 

— „ija He 6yAy... Hy Te6a! 

— t^HaHHTb, Apy^KHO? 

— Wf Ha ApyacHO y3RT>... Jlemn, CpoAsra! 

— B H aaMyacb, aa MeHa, nero Aofiparo noftAomb? 

— »Mo«jrra, a cKasajia! y— y!.. Taieb 6h h TpecHyjia"! CaMa 
h CM^eica h XHHHerb... Hflci Heft,— hto rptxaTaHTb! Bcero 
tow o... aa KOMuaHiio!" 

Moft repott, Becb KpacHHft, MaxHyjrb pyKoro. 



V. 

— Hy, a KaKb-«e bh npo nopyneme-To eft cKaaajra? — 
cnpocHJii* a nepea-b MHHyTy vb HeBOJibHofl HepBHOCTbio bt> ro- 

JIGC*. 

KajieHHft MTHOBeHHO HaxMypHJica; ohcbhaho, bto bochomh- 
naHie Chjio eMy nenplaTHO. 

— Hnnero!.. CRasaJTb... IIpHHajia! — nporoBopnjrb oitb OTpa- 

BHOTO. 

— noAH HanaTb-To 6hjio TpyAHO?— onaTb cnparnHBaro ji no- 
cnt nayan. 

— Eme-6i*l BTaK-b pa3Me*rrajracb HeKCTaTH, Taicie Ha^ajia 
B03AymHHe aamcn cTpoHTb: sl-rq yato KopoBKy aaBeAy A& Ky- 
po^Ky,.. Hy noAywaflTe! Aa hto eme BHCKaaajia:— nuiany 6ea- 



r 



HJIbB KAlEHBlfl. 177 

■peirfeHHO Ha^'feHy. 3to, roBopHTb, HH^ere, ecjra y Te6a Mtena 
6j%eTb 6apHHa? Axt>, nuien'b Te6a bo ma! 3anKHycb, samc- 
Bjcb: — „Th, mojtb, 3HaeuiB-JiH 3a Koro BHxoAHuib'? — n 3HaK) a 
T©6a ne nepBH# neHb, 3a6acTOBin;HKa a !— H onaTb 3a cboc Hy 

H€ BOpOTHTCfl a3HKT>, XOTb HJia^b. CaMT> BHSCyi TOJIbKO eft H 

aorrb-To. Kor^a cnaacy, yacb KaKoe eft aKHTbe CyAerb. dxh. 
b%tb 8a6HJiT> a, hto 3a pasroBop'b Tyrb y Haci> BHinejrb. 
•rofiTe-Ka: Aa He Hacnerb jih boakh? Hy-Aa, TaKb h ecTb: Ha- 
^ajia nbaHHi^y Ha yMi> HacTaBJiaTb. — »fl-Ae He cmnbKO tbohxt> 
3A6acTOBOKT> 6oiocb, CKOJibKO nojiyHeKT>; xapaKTep^ y Te6a, 
HtaHaro, xyAoft; bi> nojiyiKH th SesnpeMiHHO 6yAemb MeHa 
K^KaTb**. Bott>. Bpocb Aa 6pocb BOAKy. A a kt> aTOMy cjioBy 
a npHuinHJica: — JIaAHO. A th mok) npocbdy yBamnnib? 

KajieHHft BApyn> tohho cnoTKHyjica h yMOJiKT>; ero rjiaaa 
MenoABHamo ocTaHOBMBHiacb Ha MoeMT> jrairfe. cmotp^jih Ha Me- 
• Ha, He Mnraa. 

— Hy qToacb oHa?— npepBgui'b a MQjraame. 

— JJa, no npaBA* cKaaaTb, He 6oJibHO xopouio... Bi> poA* 
Kaicb asHKa jinmnjiacb...- KajieBHft pa3Bejn> pyKaMH.— Chahtb 
frfejiaa, ^to noKOHHHaa. A y«T> 3to, caMH 3HaeTe, KSMb AJia 
hbxi> TarocTHO eacejiH aaHKb He AMcTByerb... Hy-K»"a TpacTH 
©e! HoTOMTb— HHnero, saroBOpana... 

— H qTO-ate cKa3aJia? 

— OAHaKo h bh Tome... „Hto cKasajia?" 'flcHaa Benjb: 
^ero mojkho TpeCoBaTb ct» ncnyry? — He nymy! — - botb h Becb 
otcaa-b — „J]y^nie th, roBoparb, Ha mh* Be sceHHCb h BOAKy 
nefi, CKOJibKO BJifcserb. h Ayfi MeHa Bca^ecKH— cjioBa He CKa- 
*jr. Th ApyrnxT> atajilierab, a MeHa BHCKOJibKO"? A, Aa i rro 
Tyn>! ToBopio: 6hjio Bcero! 

KajieHHfi 3aMoaHajn>, BHniejrb mwb cBoero yrjia h, AocTaBi* 
Wb CToaHKi Kopo6Ky cnnHeKT>, 3aKypH.11> nannpocy. 

— Ho bi* KOHij-fe Konijoirb, roBopHTe, corjiacHjiacb? — nepe- 
oopocBJiTb a nooirb HliKOToparo MOJi^ama. 

KajieHHtt pa3Ap^3KHTeJibuo noBPJHb aae^aMH. 

— Boti> enie! . Hy, KOHe^Ho! KaKT> Hnane? Haft caMa bh- 
jprrb: 9TaKoe ^OBfepie ott> ToBapnmefl! Hh kt> KOMy He npn- 
«wih, ko mh* npuiDJiH! TyTi> y^tT>... xe-xe!.. He nbaHHueft nax- 
Herb, He nocaACKHMij! Bbiuie noAHHMafi! HTO-mi), a 3axo x iy 
wojmenowb nepeA'b hhmh 6HTb?- Ka^eHHft ci> chjioE yAapn-Ji-b 
cefia bi> rpyAb. — Ka-aK'b ate! HepacH KapMaHT>! 

Oht> noMoaHajii) H-hcKOJibKO ceKyHA'b, yjiudHyjica h saroBo- 
pe^i^b ApyrHMT> yme tohom'k 

— Ho TOJibKO ynpaMa ao ^ero,— po^HTean! npHAyMajia rjiy- 
MOCTb: — H a cb Tofiofi! C'b To6oft h cb To6ofl; OAHH'b h no- 
minjiaTb He cwbfil — TaKT> h nia6aini>; hhkohmt> o6pa30Mi> c*b 
mo& to^kh cCHTb He Mon>. Hnib, no eflHOMy: hto mHTb, ^to 

AeKa6pb. OTAt/r-b I. 12 



17* t b. m a b <> i' c k i ii. 

noMHpaTb— Bee Birbcrb. B*Ab Bon> TapanaHbe Mopu.no KaK«e' 
IF, rmM^TbTe, caMa! Hhkto He ywurb. npoc/raa A'kB^OHEi! 

r<aa3a KajieHaro aafijiecrbjTH; ohi> oTBepHyjica K/b oKHy 
'JTO&H CKpHTb BOJiHeHie; 

— TaK r h Ha 3T0MT> H nOKOHMHJlH? — CHpOCHJTb H, CIiy<TH H<V 
MHnro 

— Hy-Aa. — nJl'hno TBoe, roBopn). Kaicb xonenib". Hh GtoW 
flonefttKb. IIoHHMae're, mh^ TOJibKo Tenepb ee ofii/bxaTK » ymt 

TiiM'b TO a BHKpyqyCb. fl HTO XOHy,— npH6aBHJIT> OBb TaMHCT- 

BeHHo ( HaKJiOHaacb ko mh* h CjiecTH rjiaaaMH:— 3aBTpa oea 
npHtftuKHTb cio^a, a a... cb y3ejiK0Mi> HaBCTpisny:— Th ityAa? — 
A K\;ia xoqemb. Bunncajica. — Tyrb-TO 6yAerb y Hea ptmocTe' 
Ono nbRh u A^^CTBHTejibHo: *t$>m> sjxhch KHCHyTb, Jiy^uie iu 
Bojrli noryjiHTb AeHeira-Apyroft, nooTAHmaTbca. 0! 3a. ABa ah* 
B<rb ropa 8a6yAeMi>! OroJiKyeMca. 

KajieHHfi Bacarfcajica, cfeji^ 6hjio bt> aaAyMHHBoc.™ na Kpo- 
BaTb, no TOTHacb bckohhjit> h, oCpamaacb ko mh*, npoHaneci* 

CB EtKOTOpOH TOpjKeCTBeHHOCTblO: 

— Hy-cb, a1wio KOH^eHO. MoaeeTe nepeAaib: corjiaoeHb. Bi* 
JieneniRy pacmnOycb Aa o6pa6oTaio A'&Jikije 3a 9T0 pyiaroc*!— 
^aKOHqB^i , b oH'b, Bb BocToprb nepeAepHyB'b njienaMH 



VI. 

UoRb KOHeij'b Hainero cBHAania a ^yTb He noccopmicji cu 
KajieuHinb. Yace Bb najibTo h bt> manic* a cKasajrb ewy, tto 
4aBHo Beprknocb y Mena Ha HBHidk: 

- A BHaeTe, Hjiba rpnropbHH'b, BceTaKH He noHCKaTt m b&mi> 
Koro Apyroro? 

B% nepByio MHHyTy KaJieHHfl TOJibKo yAHBHJica m npo6*+p- 
MOTajib: 

— PaBB* a 0TKa3HBaK)Cb? 

Ho sarfeM'b, Kor^a a, — npnanaTbca, ct> HiKOTopofi hbjiob- 
KOCTbio — ynoMHHyjrb o6t> ero nojioaceHin h o tomi>, hto a bqojih1> 
eity coqyBCTByio, oht> BcnHXHyjib, Kaicb nopoxi>. 

- KaKoe nojioaceme? HHKaicoro y MeHa H'kr'b noJiomemtf 
Hy, em,e hotom'k aceHa, a^thdikh... A Tenepb, hbbhhhtc, a h<* 
ycTyujiro. H jiynrae He HaHHHafiTe! 

06n£a, paBApaMteme, Aaace yrpo^a nocjiHHiajiHCi> Bb em 
ranopfe. 

Mfffe yAaJIOCb BCe TaKH Cl> BejIHKHMTb TpyAOMl> HaCTOHTb Hh. 

npo^TemH KopoTenbKaro cnncKa h3t> naTH-mecTH ^aMHJiift, ii 
naA^HJica, hto bi> HeM*b oKa^ceTca kto-jih6o, cnocofiHHit , au- 
MliHiiTb KajieHaro. JOfMcTBHTejibHo, ero xMypoe jihuo wa mhhvtv 

IipOflCHHJIOCb. 



A 



HJIIifl KAJBEHhlii. 179 

— ,J|a, oahht> ecTbl— cKaaajit owt hohth ci> vuummeuk: - 
Oe^bKa BeanajiMf!, c/b KOToparo a eme ^pHiiip** 6epy " — 
noMHHTe, HacTioniKa SKajiOBajiacb? ,H,a, 9toti> xQpoHrb6B[ naj>e- 
HeKTb — yropHnib, moh pa^ocrb! Cx 3thmt> mohcho 6h h JKepeGwi 
^5pocHTb. TaKT> Ha 61i/iy paafiHrb Becb: Ha noaeapli ct> kphihh 

CB&ffHJICtf... 

06i> ocTaJibHHX'b OT3HBU KajieHaro (mmi HefoiaronpiaTfiw. 

— PacTHna! 

— Bapa6oniKa! 

- TeMHan ho*h>! 

— FojioBa He e/b toK cropoHH aarecaHa! 

— Boo6me, Jiyraie Kajienaro Baarb He HaliTH, — floCaBMuib 
ohi> ci> AOBOJibHHMT> cM'fexoM'b. — HeflapoxTb KajieHWM'b h npo- 

9^a«HH... 

— Hy. a ecjiiiV.. Bw noHHMaere: ecjia?.. — BupBajiocb y Mena 

HeBOJIbHO. 

Oni* nocMOTp'fejiT. Mirk B r b raaaa, iiohhjii. h B^pyn, coBep- 
MHeHHo HeoatHAaHHo aacMlwLJicji. 

— Bh tohhc HacTacbH,— nporoBopHJi'b He Geax cosher^ 
^oGcTBeHHaro npeBoexoacTBa. — A n TaKt o tomx h ayaraTb ne 
xo^y... HoVb Kairb nepe^'b HcTHHHHM'b! 

— He 3a6yflBTe, mto bh Tenepb He ojinm>.. Hh cBaaanw, — 
aoBejnb n cbok) Mucjib jxo KOHua. 

Jlm\o KajieHaro npHHjmo AoGpo/iyiiiHO-Hacif'biiiJraBoe Bbipa 
ateHie. 

— Hy, #a ecjiH Ha ejiesn nxma oMOTplvrb, ao cMepra iioai, 
KaMHeM*b npomHBemb. Ha yjiimy ne bhxoahJ— KajieHHtf MaxHyjrb 
pyKOli.— KoHe^Ho, bi> cjiyia* Mero, majiKOBaTo HeMHOJKKO... J\n 
nycr>iKH-Hl OOmeKOTOTCii! Bx JiyimeM/b bha*! Bowl— He#ajieito 
xo^HTb! — OTern* y MeHfl Taione csoero B'feKy He aomiui'b; KaK r i> 
MaTb yCHBajiacb! Awh i\ ho ceH^acB CKpHrnirb. Kamflfcifl #eHfe 
cio#a cb no^HHKofi xo^HTb. HrojiKa arpoMa^Haa: — ^Heidx. 
roBopHTb, uilk), a homlio Ka,HHTKy nofliiHpaio. Xoxo^exb cawa 
IIpo noKOftHH^Ka, iioaii, h jiyMaTL safauja. TaKi> ii .^Ta. Hjreero-o. 
Vsro uiJinny ce61i Kymirb. Bee lmianoM jj npofiAerb! — npnfia- 
BHjn> oht> c-b Keyaepa.'HMOfi h B f b to me BpeMH cTpanHon 
AJia Hero fiojrbanenHoft vjim6ko#.-- Htrb, bh Borb *rro MHh 
cKamHTe: uocHjiaTbaauncKy tom,v iionomeBiuHKy ajibHe nocjiaThV 
rt-bjib npn uoJiHuiii ch;iht7>, uaft, ^yiueflbKa bch HdHo^raJiiuiacb. 
II Bapyrx eMy saiiHCKa: Tairb, MOJrb, h TaK^, neTpycb, co6a T ii;i 
cuwb, a chmTj na hoetl nanopojioi. O-o! !I]o^ii tj;o noxoji kh 
npHBCKoqiiTb! UouiJiro-K)!.. Hh,m> kto ate, nam lie ji, Beeny fl'Jviy 
npn^HHeH-b? 

H BHXo^y Ha yjiHuy. <)na Tenepb KaKi> paai> lio^'b-cTo/n, 
3foeiiy HacTpoemio: ;kvti;o. Mpa^ino, xojio/uio. Ha neS'b Ty T iii - 

12* 



180 A. A 3 hi K B 'b. 

«e Ty^H, — chhb KaKan-TO... IIo nperaHeMy sjihtch BiiTepi*, oicpa- 
n«Tb tockjihbo Oepeau H f HaKJiOHflHCb BnepeflT, Glummi cTaHoirt>, 
KOMy-To «aJiy»Tca ^repea^ nojie. 



M3T> MBCEHA. 



Ha cKaji&xi>, b*b $iopfl r k nmcoM'b, oTJiHBaiomeM'b cbhhuovi> 
Tara m*cto Bbtfupaerb, hto6t> 066*6 nocTpoHTb aoht>> 
We scajitn, nyx'b H3T> rpyan BnpuBaerb h KpyroM-b 
ycriiJiaerb aoatb, hto6t> 6hjio h Tenjio, h Manco B*b HeMt 
Ho pbiSaicb cypoB^, h HiuKHocTb cepAuy ^epcTBOMy *iyHtA* 
MarKifl nyxx oht> BH6npaen> Ha npoAaaey hb'b rH'baaa. 
Bce-acB JiK)6oBb cHJiLHte dpaxa, h xoth cohhtch KpOBb, 
Para nyxx enje omHiuierb, TrofiT* nr&aflo hmx BHCTJiaib bh4B& 
Kojib onaTb ee orpadarb — Bunie MejKAy ahkhx'b cKajn* 

BBOBb rH^BAO OHa yCTpOHTb, HT06-b HHKTO He OTHCKaJTb. 

Rcjih»jki» CHOBa AofiepyTCH h #o 3Toro rHisAa, — 
TeHHofi HOHbK) noKHAaerb Kpaii poAHoii OHa Torna 

H JieTHTb, CT> OKpOBaBJl^HHOH rpyflbK), CKB03b HOTIHOK TytfUPfc, 

FlaA'b CHH'feiomee He6o 6jiaroAaTHbix , b mcHbix'b CTpas-b. 

A. R3MK0BV 



J 



AHAPXHCT1. 

Mana Ulanmaeyaua, 
(TIepeBOAi> A. H. AHHeticKoff). 



rito 6uno bo BpeMH aHapxHCTCKaro Teppopa. Bt> TeHe&ie 

HtCKOJIbKUX** M'&CflUeB'b 6om6u B3phlBaJIHCb coBepmeHHO He- 

omiiAaHHO h npHTOM'b, HecjoMHtHHO, no KaKOMy-TO sapaHfee 
ax-iaBJieHHOMy, AbtfBOJibCKOMy njiany. 

E&Ba HaqHHajiocb cyAe6Hoe cjitacTBie no noBoay bsphba 
wh Ga«K r fc, bo OjiaHjipia, KaKi> BapuBHaTHM CHapaAi> npon8- 
boah ji% paarpoMX bt> KBapTHpt cyAbH Ha 6epery CpeAHseM- 
naro Mopa. BHHMaHie nojiHijiii cocpeAOTO<MBajiocb Ha Bpe- 
Taiiu. rA'b .ionHyjia aACicaa wauiHHa, a bt> 3to BpeMH yfiiii 
CTBeHHaa 6oM6a pacnpocTpanHJia y»acb bt> CaBoai. Oahhmi> 
csaoBOMiF, bust OpaHuia 6buia 061. jua TpeneTOM r b, Kaicb npa no- 
.HBJieHhi xojiepu. Ho Tenepb fi^ACTBie Kaaajiocb He npocTOio 
ejiyqafiHocTbjo: kt> cjiyqafiHocTH npawfeniBBajiacb CTpanraaj* 
AOJifl Hbew-TO sjioh bo jih. 9to 6bijia KaKi> 6u rpoMaAHaH jio- 
repea cMepien h norpoMOBT>, bt> KOTopofl KaacAHfi 6osuic& no- 
jiy^MTb BMurpbiniHHfi fiHjierb. CyAe6Hbia BJiacra co CTpaxy 
Au Tore pa^xepHjiHCb, hto BHHOBHhie no Gojibnien nacTH H8- 
ft-ferajifl upecafcAOBaHis; cjitAOBarejiH onymiiHCb bx aaieoaAo- 
BaHHOMi> Kpyry: cjiyaeefiHoe ycepAie Tpe6oBaJio, hto6h ohm 
BHe.ir-kKOBajiH, jiobhjih, apecTOBUBajiH, yHHHToacaJiH Bckx*b 
^HaRxncTOB'b; KorAa Bet ao eAHHaro 6yAyTb ncTpetaeHH. 
TorA& TojibKo mo«ho 6yAerb cnoKofiHO BBAOXHyTb. Ho npn 
r^Toirb ohb nyBCTBOBajra, hto hxt> caMHXT> npecjrfeAyeT'b yrpo- 
m cTpaiuHofi Mecra, yrpoaa, KOTopaa MHoro paax 6iuia npH- 
waeHa btj McnojiHeHie. CHMMeTpia yciaHaBJiHBajiacb cb MaTe- 
aaTimecKoiu TOHHocTbio: nocorfe BcaKaro apecTa aHapxncTa ica- 
ttt>A-HH6yAb <uiewb cyAe6Haro B^AOMCTBa noni6ajrb orb ahha- 
mhtjl 3to dHaiHTejibHo oxjiaacAaJio hujh> cyAefiHaro nepco- 
lutiih bi> ucnojiHeHiH CTOJib onacHaro AOJira. no HtieoTopHMi* 

Dpa^HdKaMTi, yCTaHOBJieHHHMT> 3KCnepTaMH-XBMHKaMH, MHori« 



198 KAH'B fflAHTAByAHl>. 

n flaaoojrfee chjibhhh h3t> BspuBHaTbix'b Bem.ecTB'L, npHroTdBM- 

TeflH KOTOpHX'B OCTaJIHCB He OTKpHThlNTH, (SfclJIH C(|>a6pHKOBaHH 

oahoh) h tok) ace pyROK). IIojiHi^eficRia bjmlcth BCKopi onpe- 
.Tbjuuiii, hto npecTynHUKT), jiobko H36iraBinift HaKa3aHia, 
wm-b iitKTO IIIaMap-b, dxem* IIIaMapt, KyBHeiyb, TpHAijaTH 

G6ICH JlliTB OTL pOAy, KOTOpuft, BCJlliAOTBie CBOefi JTkHQQTM H 

TreniH apeAHbix'b KHiirB, npeBpaTHjica wb aHapxHCTa h npona- 
raHflHCTa He cjioBoarb, a jifenowb. Ha norpaHRHHbia HcejrfciHo- 
AopomniJH CTaHuiw h na h^kotophh Apyria paaocaaHH 6unu 
uro opHifbTu; bt> raseiaxx nojfBHJiCH ero $0T0rpa<|>HHecKii£ 

lIOpTpeTl*, MOMeHTaJIBHHH CHHMOICb, OAlwiaHHblB HtCKOJIbKO 

.itrL Toiay Ha3a.ui> w MaotfpaacaBmiii KopeHacTaro, noAfione- 
HMBinarocfl A^THny, cb rycTHMH 6po&HMn h 6ojiBiuHMH ycaMH, 
tie 3aKpHBaBnmMH ero cMtiomMxcii ry6 r b. IHaMap'b BCKop'fe 
KBMjficfl BonjiomeHieM'B o6maro yacaca: 0H r b Kaaajica h 6jih- 

301Tb, H MH8HHeH'B, OH'B MyHHJTb, KaKT> KOfflMapt IIOTTeHHbLVb 

6ypa;ya ( He HaA*flBiiiHXCJL hto6h oht> KorAa-HH6yAb nonajrb 
&i> pyiur npaBOcyAiH. nojraitffl MOJinajia, ho ne coMH'feBaiiacb^ 
mo HaxBaTHTb cboio no6umy: A/bficTBHTejiBHo, KaacAoe HOBoe 
TfOKymeaie, npHnncHBaewoe IHaMapy, CBHA'kTejibCTBOBaao 
HoapacTaBfflefi Aep30CTH, KaKOAnxro fiesinaOaiuHOM'b oaop- 

CTB*, KOTOpOe Wh KOHUt KOHUOBt A0JI3KH0 6HJI0 IipHBeCTH ero 

kl rafieJiH. OflMiii> paai, oh^ noJioacHjrb 6oM6y bo3jt& 6yAKH, 
uepeAb aomom^ KopnycHaro KOMaHAHpa; repeal* ab* Hefliwitf 
on-L B3opBajTB nojiHijeiicKiH iioctb Ha rjia3axi> y areHTOB*. 
f -WeBPfAHo, IIIaMapi*, onbaneHHtiH onacHOCTbio, yBJieKaJiCH 
Hrpofi. npeACKa3aiim nojmijeficKHX'b c6tiJiHCb, 11 3to ero no- 
rytSmro, OAHaacAH oh^, noAJioacHB'b cpeAH otjiaro aha 6ou6y 
bt> yripaBJieme npe(|)eKTypbi B*b MapHli, — rjiaBHOirb ropoA'fe 
mu. CeHH h Iohh, cnoKOHHo yAajiHJica, KaFCb BApyra 0HapHA*i> 
BaopBajio npe>KAeBpeMeHHO. Oht* He nocTpaAaJi'b, ho cTopoarb 
rxBaTTfjrb ero. Bhah, ^to napTia npoarpaHa, oht>, Kaiei* xopo- 
uiifi iirpoKT*, noKopHJica. Ob ero cmjilhhmh KyjiaKaMH eMy hh- 
wro He ctohjio y6HTb CTopoHca, ho sto 6hjio SeanojiesFro. ffia- 

MftpX, He COnpOTHBJIHHCB, OTnpaBHJICH B'b TiopbMy. 

^panaifl B3A0XHyjia cbo6oaho, cjiobho KaFcoH-jiM<5o hobmh 
TepKyrrecb H36aBHJi'b ee orb CKasoHHaro HyAOBHm;a. TopoA'b 
MapHij cKopo 3a6tui'b onycTouieHiH, iTpoH3BeAeHHKH noctffeA- 

HHM^b B^pHBOMTb, BeCbMa, BnpOHeirb, He CHJIbHHWb, h yuHBaacff 

ropA^M'b C03HaHieMi), hto oht^ 3aAepHcajii> h sacaAUJi'b sa Kp'fen- 
ma crfefiM aaaMeHHTaro pa3pyuiHTe,Tifl. riponeccb IIIaMaipa 6usn>, 
mokho cKa3aTb, roTOBb paHbnie ero apecTa: ero OA&oro h^ 
xsaT^o, mibKo ero h acAajiH RJin Hanajia. , Oji'^actbIv 6hjio 
6ucrpo 3aKOH<ieHo, h IIIaMap'b npeAdaBJieH^ Ha cyA*b apa- 
^amHuxi* Cohh h Iohh. nocjii hhth 3acfeAaHifi bi* AyniHOM'b 
^iji^.—oT^erb hrxt* 3aH«Ji73 u'Sjihh phatb raaeTHHX'b or«>^o- 



A H A P X ii C T h. 183 

+*&h. — UlaMap'h 6hjtl npHroBopeH'b kt> cMepTH h bt> oacHAamH 
ma Ka3un chobe noM-femeffb bt> MapHCKyjo TiopBMy. 

3Ta TiopBMa — o6pa3U,OBoe 3Aame HOBaro Tana, noxoacee 
esopM Ha <5ojibHeijy hjih Ha (JaJiaHCTepi), vfcwb Ha TiopBMy. 
/VpxHTeKTop'L cyiriun*. ycipOHTB ero TaiCB, hto oho npeACTa- 

BJMJIO AJIH CBOHX^ HOAHeBOJILHHX'B HCHJIBIJOB'B MHHHMyM'b 

lipiHTHaro h MaKCHMyMi> KurieHH^karo: BOBAyx'B, npocTpaH- 
ctbo, cb*ti> pacnpefltjiajiHCb bt> Hesrb no toihom, pauioeajib- 
Hefl CHCTeM* h Ha ocHOBama nocjrfcAHHX'B AaHHbix'B hobM- 
inefi $H3iojioriH. KaMepu samnraim pobho TaKoe KyfiH^e- 
cKoe KOiiHHecTBo BOBAyxa, KaKoe Heo6xoAHMu aju* HopMajn- 
Haro B^HxaHia Bapocjiaro nejioBiica, ho 3to AocTHrajiocb 
6jiaroAapn BHeorfe nom&KOB'b, KOTopaa no3BOJitfJia cfl'feJiaTb 

KfcMepH TtCHHMH, T. e. HenpiHTHBIMH, XOTfl M 3AOpOBHMH. 

CrfeHH ci> 3aiepyrjieHHHMH yrjiaMH o6MHBajracB h Ha hhxi> 
BHcfejio npeAynpeacAeaie o6mecTBa 6opb6H c*b Ty6epKyjie30M'B 
He njieBaTb Ha nojrb, hto6h H361wKaTB pacnpocTpaHema 60- 
rfoHH. KaMepH 6hjih He TeMHHa, cb^tb npomiKajTB nepeai). 

OKHa, AOBOJIbHO IHHpOKifl, HO paCIIOJIOHCeHHHH OHeHb BHCOKO, 

Taicb, hto6h B3rJiHAi» aaKJiioqeHHaro He Morb yeJiaAHTbca bh- 
ifiwh hh ro.iiy6oro He6a, hh cojmija; BnpoHeMT>, ajih npeAy- 
iipeacAeHia 3Tofi onacHOCTH cTeKJia bt> oKHaxi) 6hjih MaTOBHfl. 
j^Bopbi 6hjih AOCTaTOHHO BejiHKH, hto6w Ha nporyjiiefe 3aiuiR)- 
qeHHHe MorjiH noJibaoBaTbcn nojiesHUMTb moiuohobcb, ho He 
Ha GTOJibKO ofiinnpnu, hto6h AaTb MajiMuiyK) HjiJiiosiK) cbo- 
6oah. Bee 3T0 6hjio pasMipeHo, BHCHHTaHo, pacnpeA'kJieHo, 
npHraaHo ct> caMOK) CTporoio to^hoctbio: rocyAapcTBo noKaan- 
Bajio, 4to, yAOBJieTBopHBT> cnpaBe^niJBocrb. oho ne acejiaJio 
HATH npOTMB'b ryMaHHOCTH. 

TOTb AyX r B, KOTOpHH pyKOBOAHJIT* HOCTpottKO#, npoHHKaJll> 

h wb ynpaBJieHie TiopbMH, Haxo^HBaieiicH noAT> HanajibCTBOMT, 
r. JlejioHFB Ae-Poacepa, 6biBHiaro ny6jiHii;HCTa, KaBajiepa op- 
Aena rio*ieTRaro JlerioHa. F. Jlejiourb Ae-PosKep3 o6jia#ujrL 
wb BHCinefl cieaeHH HyBCTBOM^ AOJira. Ilpa KOHcepBaTHBHOMi> 
MHHHcrepcTB'fe oht> noAnncbiBaJicH: JI. Ae-Po3Kep9, npn cm* 

HiaHHOM'B JlejIOHFB Ae-P05Kep3, npii paAHKajIBHOM'B BOQBpa 

majica ki> HMeHH cbqhx'b npeAKOB'B h iiHcaJix npocTo: Jle- 
.iohpb. BaaHMOA^HCTBie AByx^ nporaBonoJioacHHX'B TeHAeHU,iH 

ITOMOraJIO AHpeKTOpy? TIOpBMH CT> yAHBHTeJIBHHM'B paBHOB'fe- 
•ieM-B HCnOJIHHTb CBOH o6H3aHHOCTH: OAHa 03^ 3THX1> TeHA^!!- 

iMfl 3acTaBJiHJia ero oTHOCHTbca ct> npe3pHTejibH0H) cypoBo- 

CTBH) ICB SKHJIBIjaM'B, KOTOpHXl> eMy FlOCTaBJiaJIH CyABH, A?y- 

ran ciwioHajia ero cMarnaTB 3Ty cypoBOCTB paayMHOK) npw- 
MtcBR) 6jiaroAyniia. BjiaroAapa 9T0My, oh'b cb OAHHaKOBoio octo- 

p^JKHOCTbK) H36'feraJI , b, KaKl* HeMHJIOCTH Ha^aJIBCTBa. TaKT> K 



184 HCAH'b lnAHTAByAtTb. 

6yHT0Bi> 3aKJiK)HeHHbfXT>. Ctoh bo raaBt o6paauoBoa ropbiiM. 
r. JIejioHn> Ae-Poacep3 6um> ofipaaijOBHM'b flHpeKTopoii'b. 

JXna ero nojiHaro fijiaronojiyqia ne XBaTajio OAHoro: wi> 
MapHCKof! -nopbarfe coAepacajiocb f Majio aaKJiroqeHBHX'b, h b*<- 
3to Chjih caMbie o6HAeHHHe npecTynHHKH. Bt> AenapTaiieHTfe 
CeHH h Iohh judah y6HBajiH, KpajiH, noAHCHraJiH hh 6ojii*e, kh 
MeH*e h He HHane, TfeMT> bt> ApyrHXTb M'&CTax'b. 3Toro 6h*> 
j^ocTaTOHHo, hto6h aaHATb BpeMH acaHAapMOB'b, BTopyro cvrpa- 
Himy (|>ejibeTOHOBi> arfjCTHHX'b raaert h nyrjraBoe BOo6parae- 
Hie paHTbepoBi>. 9Toro 6hjio cjihuikom'B Majio ajih TaKoii 
■nopbMH h juia TaKoro AHpeKTopa. IIo KpafiHeH arfepi, tokom 
6hjio MHtHie r. JleJioHrb Ae-Poaeeps: „y Hacb TOJibKo npe- 
cTaa w xpoHHKa a > — roBopiurb ohTj, — a Haarb Hyacno <5h „nepeAe- 
Byio" CTaTbK) bt> napnatCKOH raaerfe". 

3iy nepeAOByro CTaTbK) AocTaBHJTb eMy apecrb h cy«> 
HaAi> 9»eH0M*L IIlaMapoM'B. T. JleJioHrb Ae-Poacep3 He «•- 
MH^Bajica, hto Bcer^a MOJKerb 6htb Ha Bncorfe AaHHHyb 
o6cTOATeJibCTB'b, ho Tenepb o6cTOtfTejibCTBa noAHfljracb ro Her©. 
3HaMeHHTH& napnaccKM aABOKarb, bt> CBo6oAHoe BpeMa aaHH- 
iiaBiiiiH mIicto couiajincTHHecKaro AenyTara, nprfexajrb 3an*i- 
u;aTb ofiBHH^eMaro. JKypHajiHCTH noacejiajia nocfeTHTb ero wb 
ero KaMept h Taicb Kaicb Ha ocHOBaHia yciaBa He 6hjih a®- 
nymeHN, to o6paTHJincb co cbohmh pascnpocaMH kt> A*rpeK- 
Topy. T. JleJioHrb Ae-Poacepa HicicojibKO . ropAHJica r&MX, 
hto eMy npaxoAHTCH BaMtH^Tb co6oii Tanoro BaacHaro np«- 
cTynHHKa. HjuiiocTpHpoBaHHbie acypHajin iiomIjcthjih bhaw 
TiopbMH h nopTpeTu: IIIaMapa— 6pnTaro, KocTJiflBaro h r. fle- 
Poacepa — nojiHaro, cb KpacaBoro, c&AOBaToio <5opoAofi, noiro- 
aeejo Ha orpoMHyio BbiTHpajiKy ajih nepbeBt. 

Bt> nparoBopt IIIaMapa onpeA^JiflJiocb, hto Ka3Hb fiyAerb 
ooBepmeHa ny&upiHO, Ha naomaAH, bt> MapH*. B'b nepBHfl pa*b 
ct> HeaariaMaTHHX'B BpeMeffb, rjiaBHOMy ropoAy CeHH h Iohh »- 

BOAHJIOCb 6bLTb CBHA'^TeJieM'b CMepTHOH Ka3HM. Ha 0$(|)HIUQ8- 

hhh aanpocb MyHHuanajiHTerb OTBtTHJi'b, hto rajibOTHHa M0»erb 
6HTb ydpoeHa Ha nycTHpi nepeA*b caMoft TropbMofl. TaRH»> 
ofipaaoM'b, ocyacAeHHHM SyAeT'b HadaBJieH-b ot^ MyKH A^HHHaro 
nyra k*b CMepTH, h naTb vucsiwb nejiOB'&K'B 6yjj,jTb hm^tb bos- 
MoatHOGTb BHA^Tb 3Ty CMepTb. B'b oatHAamH 3Toro co6urifl 

npHHHMaJIHCb HCKJIJOqUTeJIbHHH wbpUl plyneHO 6HJI0 yCHAHTb 

cocTaB'b hojihiuh h paaptuiHTb Ka6aTqHKaMT> ycxpoHTb npoAaay 
nHTefl Ha OTKpHTOM'b BOBAyxt, KaK'b B'b AeHb HapoAHaro npa3A~ 
HHKa. Ho: IIIaMapi. noAajrb KaccauioHHy» acaoioSy, ko- 
Topaa fiHJia oTBeprHyTa jihuib repeat HicKOJibKO HeA&& 
Sarbifb OH'b noAajrb npomeHie, o aoiouiOBaHiH, KOTopoe ert 
aABOKarb AOJiaKeH'b 6burb noAAepmaTb HpH jih^hom'b cbm- 
jama cb npe3HAeHTOMT> pecny6jiHKii. IIoTHXOHbKy, a HHor^a 



AHAPXHCT'b. 185 

Jtajte n rpoMKO, o6uBaTejiH Mapna BucKaabiBajiM nomejiama, 
•TTofifci bth xJionoTH He yB^HHajiHCb ycn'bxoM'b h He jihihhjim 
wkl ejiHKCTBeHHaro KpoBaBaro sptjiama, #ocTynHaro crpaHaM'b, 
h* anamnHMTj 6oh 6hkob'b. Cepbe3Hbie mow HaxoflHJiH Becbiia 
BamHHM-b, hto6h BOCTop5KecTBOBajia cnpaBefljraBocTb, a bhh*- 
■reprOBUH c^HTaJiH eme dojite Ba^CHUMt, ^to6h hmt> npeflocra- 
RieHO Gfjjio xopomo noToproBaTb bt> TeieHie oahoh ho^h. 

Bo.ueeHie BoapacTajio h oxBaTHJio Becb ropo^b, aa HCKJiro^e- 
»ieMi> aaH6ojite saHHTepecoBaHHaro jraija. 3anepTHfl bx CBoei 
KaMep-fe, IIIaMap'b arpajrb B'b KapTu co CTopoacaMH, KypHjrb, 
BfjuapaRHBajib KOHHHKOM'b Hona Ha HOBbix'b crfeHax'b HenpM- 
Hwmw HaffnHCH, ^JTb, cnajrb. ymacHafl cyju>6a, rpo3HBmaa 
eMy, He nyrajia ero. OH'b 3Hajn>, hto acHBHb niTyKa Tflacejiaa, a 
ciiepTh Jiencaa, Kor^a OHa npaxoAurb CticTpo. B'b A'bTCTB'fe ohte. 
6ttji r b 3a6pomeHHUM , b pe6eHKOMT>, noTOMTb CTajrb JK&JiKHM'b pa6o- 
inrb, noTOMT) 6e3pa6oTHNM'b > neyB'fepeHHHM'b B*b BaBTpaaiHeMt 

IH*; HHCTHHRTbCOXpaHeHiH 5KH3HH6lJJI'b eMy H3BtCTeH'b TOJIbM 

bo BpeMH My^eHiM rojio.ua mjiu ney.no BJieTBopeHHaro noaoBoro ^yB- 
ftTBa, OpaBHJibHaH h oflHoo6pa3Haa acH3Hb TiopbMH npHBOAHJia 

WO B'b KaKOe-TO nOJiyCOHHOe COCTOflHie, BT* KOTOpOMl) 3aMapa^M, 

WltTb atejiama, Tairb h cTpacTH. Bi> cynjHOCTM, jjjih TaKoro He- 
ysa^HHKa. KaKi> oht>, noMtmeme 6ujio He oco6eHHO flypno; 
Bet nociliAHie MfceauH y Hero He 6mjio nocroAHHaro acHJiama; 
eMy cjiy^jajiocb 3aHHMaTb ropa3#o xyAmiH h MeHte 6e30iiacHtw 
KOMHaTH, llama 6buia cbimoSHaa; yAapi> Hoaca oKOHiaiejibHo 
HSfiaBHTt ero orb HHiijeTH h bchkhxT) HecnacTiM. TaKHMT> 06- 
pasoM'b, Bee xopomo ycTpaHBaJiocb. ,ZI,eHb npoxo^HJi'b 3a flHeMi>... 
Ho Bnpyrb HecMOTpa Ha cBoe BHjiHMoe cnoKOHCTBie, IIIaMap'b 
iiairfeBHJica. Owl He npnTporwBajicH kt* ropaqHM'b KyniaHbHwcb. 
KOTopus eMy nepe^aBajiH qepe3T> OKomeqKo bt> flBepn. OH'b aca - 
loBajica Ha rojioBHyro 6ojh> h Ha roJiOBuiepyaceHie: ocmotp&blh 
nevhi oTanjiHBaBmyK) ero KaMepy, OHa OKasanacb wb nojiHOM'b 
nupamrfk. B'b ooto npeKpacHoe yTpo nocjii 6e3noKOHHoft hoto 
IIIaMap-b apocHyjica bt> jraxopaflK*. Ero 3ho6hjio h Tpacjio 
tokii, tto 3y6w cTynajiH, OH-b 6hun> Becb bi> noTy. EMy He 
xorfejiocb BCTaBaTb. GTopoacb nHTajica pacTOJiKaTb ero, ho oht> 
npoAOJi3K8ui'b JiemaTL. Taicb kslkl ao cax'b nopi> OH'b OTjianajieii 
:»6pa3aoBo» noKopHOCTbio, to cropoacb cpaay noHajii), hto ohi>, 
tffeiicTBHTeJibHo, 6ojieffb h AOJioacHJii> o6t> stomtb AHpeKTopy. 

T + fikmWFb AC-POHCepa CHfllUTb 3a CBOHM'b HHCbMeHHHM'b CW^ 

joirb h pa36Hpaji , b yTpeHHK)H) nowy. OH'b toju>ko hto BCKpH^rb 
naKerb <tl Ka3eHH0» neqaTbio h npoqeji'b, hto npocbfia Ilia- 
Mapa o noMHJiOBaHiH oTBeprHyTa, hto B'b MapH*b OTHpaBjuaiWb 
Bci npHHa^JieacHocTH Ka3HH, h tto 3aBTpa nadiaq'b npi-bflerb, 
i rro6u oroBopHTbCH ct> uhWb Hacierb HeodxoAHMux'b paeno- 
pa»eHia. Macjib, hto IIIaMapx, HaKOHem> Tann, yMpeTb, ycno- 



lfcfl HCAlih fllAHTAByAH'b. 

K#HJia r. ^e-Po3Kep9 h oht> 6um> HenpbrrHo ymwimi* 
BwfecTieM-B o ero 6ojrfe3HH. y Hero MeibKHyjio npe.iTyBCTBi^ 
K#Topoe oftl He ptninjicfl BMCKaaaTb. 

— A, wpTL BoabMH, cefinao/b Hjiy! 

H, flpocwBT* bc* jrkiia, oht> no6 r fe;ikajrb bt, KaMepy anapxHOTa. 
Tain. oht> CTajii> ocMaTpHBaTB, paacnpaoiHBaTb ero LU&Map'b 
f *TBli*iaJi r b Majio h HeacHO. Out. 6njn> cjia6i>, jihijo ero 6hjiv 
FcpacHO a cyxo, rjiaaa 6jiecrfejiu. V. JlejioHrb ae-Po>Kep3 B3*urb 
ero aa pyKy u oAHofl pyKOH mynajrb eMy nyjibcb, a Apyrofi 
jioctajTb hbtj KapMaHa aojioTue nacH u HorreMx oTKpiiJit hxIj 
KptjoiKy. He rosopa nw cjiobs, owl HiecTbuecarb cettynirb nia- 
JCfaJTb Ha CTptJiKy: 

ltf2... IIpoKJiaTie! 

OHb nnoBa no;io;KHjn> 4acbi bt> KapMaa^, h onyeTHJrb aa 
BposaTb ^ry 6ojibuiyx) MycKyjracTyio pyicy, xenepb 6e3CHjn»HyKh 
HO f:BepniHBIIiyK) HtCKOJIBKO ydificTB'b. 

r U,HpeKTop , b BepHyjicfl bi> KadnHerb, cajibHo npH3aAyMaB- 
iriHMTb. t lepe3 r b HicicojibKO MHHyrb flOKTop'b Ulap^^e^ij, tk>- 
peMnuil epaTb, hbhjick Ha cboh odbi^HbiH bh3htl, KOTopaii 
oGuKHoeeHHo orpaHH^HBaJiTi nojreaciiKOM'b 6eivbj\u ifh r. Jiejiotrn* 
jje-Pomep;*. Ho bt> 9to yTpo AHpeKTop-b BCTpkrajn* AORiopu 
@!b 6ojibujHM r b BOJiHeHieMi), ne npefljioaaurb eMy hh ca^HTbca t 
hh BUKypHTb CHrapy. OHT>^a^ce ynpeKHyjrb ero, hto tott, jqo- 
3^ajTb, h HeMe/yieHHO noBejrb ero kx IUaMapy. Bojibtfotf ace 
Bpena jjpoHcajrb bt> jinxopaAo t moM'b acapy. TloKTop-b, bt> cbo*> 
oiepenb, nomynaji'b eMy nyjibc/b, Bucjiyniajra ero; hutomt* oat. 
nocJia.Tb ^a TepMOMerpoMT) m caMT> nocTaBgorb ero ooabaotiy. 
HecaTb MHHyrb npouuia bt> MOJiqaniH. SaT'&M'b #0KT-ipT>BHHy;rh 
repMOMerpi*. 

- CopoKTb h uiecTb jecaTHXT^,— nporo3opii<Ti'b oh'l,— rMi>.-. 
Gat OTKHHyjit OA'fenjio IIIaMapa, no£HJurb ero py6auiKyA<> 

fioA^opi^Ka. IIoATb BOjiocaMH, noKpHBaBuiHMH ero B3,iyTui1 mi*- 

BOTb T BMAHfejIHCb flflTHa, KpaCHOBaTHe KpyrH. flOKTOpi> BCK>fl,y- 

mynajrb, xporajrb, BHCJiytriHBajrb, Mfljrb, HCKajrb Ti to^kh. [ipw 

HpUKOCHOBeHiH K-b KOTOpblM-b 6oJIbH0H T'JiyXO CTOHaJI r b. 

- Hy, 4T0— cnpocHJi'b r. Ae-Poacep9 c^aBJieHHUMb ro«i$- 

WWb t KOrAa OHH BUUIJIH B*B KOppHAOpi*. 

- Hy, hto— noBTopnji'b ,n;oKTop'b 1 --HaAo nofloac/taTb. flepr- 
HectiTeero b* 6oJibHau;y, AepnciiTe na ^rt, flafrre eMy rpaMM% 
xnaHH T paiaAfeeHHUH Ha #Ba npieMa. TlycKaa eMy Tpn pa3a ^^ 
A«Hb FrsMtpHKirb TeMiiepaTypy. }l eus,e pa3T» saibuy Benepobrt. 

Be t iepoM , b, Kor^a IUaprnfie^-b, A'bficTBHTejibHO, 3a^xaJiT> t b^ 
eocTOflHiH 6o.nbHoro aaMiTtio 6hjio CKopte yxyAmeaie, TfcM% 
yayiuieHie. ^oKTopTb OTJioacajrb cboh AiarH03 r b ao cJiiAyroictaro 
j*Hfl, a TaKt KaKi> h Ha cjrfe;iyK)iitf# ^eHb npoAOJiataJioch tohc^ 
HeonpefffejieHHoe nojioHceme, to eni;e 30 cjr&Ayronjaro, 



AHAPXHCT '!». 1*7 

Bow Ho^rb Ha MapHCKOMt AeCapKaAep* 6hjio CHJibnoe ibm- 
atenie, aecKOH^aeMufi otjibbx h npHJiHB r b jiroGonHTHNXb^ Br* 
6y<j>ert cTOHJia nocTOAHHaa Tojina, h noclvrHTejiH bhxoahjim hbt> 
nero Ha Ha6epe»CHyK), cofiHpaacb rjiaBHbiMT* odpaaoMb Boicpynb 
pUHKa. Ilprkxajn* <|>yproH'b c% nuibOTHHofl, h repeal* KaKoft 
»f»6yAb 4ac*b Becb ropoAT>, y3HaBT> o6i> 3tomt>, saxorfeji'b bwaIw 
opyflie KaaHH. 

yTpeHHiff no'baA'b npHBea^b [lapuKCKHXTi acypHajiHCTOB'b. 
KOTopux'b jierKO 6hjio yaHaTh ho tix'b mohokjihmt> hjih 4epe- 
iiafflbHarb neHCH9, no hxt> mnu\imwh yeaMi>, HX r b KOAaieairb. 
BUCfeBuiHMTb Hepea^ njieno, ho hxt> cbo6oahhmt> MaaepaM'L 
npe«Ae qtMii AaBaTb oimcanie aaBTpatiiHen KaaHH, ohh xotIwih 
say^HTb o6cTaHOBKy toU mIjcthocth, rA* 6yAeTT> pa3T>HrpbiBaTbca 
hxt> w xpoHHKa". J\uewb ohh xo/ihjih no ijepKBa&rb, a Be^epoarb 
no pa3HH*rb Bep r renaMi> yjiwubi rrx>H-Ae-/loMi>. IlajiaH'b A^^ent 
fiwji'b nprfexaTb jimnb bt> cyicepieH, ctiobh<» icaKaa-TO no'ina* 
nniiia. Bt> ropo/rb 6h.tto Beceao, to*iho HarcaHyHl* upasa- 
rrHKa. > 

HOCJTb H*CKOJIbKHX r b flOCBIUeHltt, /JoKTOp'b IHap»<>e$'&. 

♦-me pa3T> oeMOTp'&B'b LQaMapa, Morb traKOHeivb notvraBHTb ^aoifr 
jiiarHoa'b. 

— Hy, hto 9Ke?~cH0Ba cnpocfurb AHpeKTopi,. 

— Hy, — oTB'feqaji'b offb A — h Taicb cpaay h AyMa,n r b; mh& h^ 
.vjrtaocb Torna He BHCKa3aTb csoe iwrfeErie, ho a He coMH'feBajrr^ 
<-h canaro nepBaro ahh. 

— 4to ace Tauoe?— npepBajiij r. JI<MioHr?» Ae-Poxcep;*. 

— Th(|)T> ; — nporOBOpMJTb AOKTOp'h, — H 046Hb TH5Ke.na.fl tyitim i 

Ohi 3 B3fljrb AHpeKTopa 3a o61> pyKH. 

— #pyn> moh, a He pyqarocb aa ero >KM»Hb. 

T. JlejiOHrB Ae-Po/K.ep3 no&rkAHlvrh w npo6opMOTa.iT-. 
- TaKT. BHaHHrb... aaBTpa? 

— Hto bh, KaKi» Moacno! — Bcrcpiraurb UIap»e6e$ r b~ y^n'ptiMi- 

BR#Te, KHKT> XOTH'fV, TtVierpa'JWpyfiTe. HO OTOTb HeJIOB-feKb :i< 

MeKOTb CToaTb Ha HoraxT>. Oht> He yMpera jkhbmmT). 

8th cJiOBa nopaswjin Aupeicropa, Kaicb , ?ejiOBlJK r b, koto|.^m> 
Heo6xoflHM6 bt> yeAUiieiiiH o6ji.yMaTb cBoe nojioaceHie, om> *\n%- 
.iajTb 3HaKb AOKTopy, 4to6h TOT*b yflajiiiJicH. 

— Xopomo, — nporoBopw.jn> oh^,— h noAyMaio, « npHMy de- 

6X0AHMUH M-bpbi. 

OHb BepiiyjicH bt> Ka6HHerb h 6pocH,ircfl B r b Kpec.Tiu ni • 

UpOCHA'fejI'b H^CKOJIbKO MHHVTb HeilOABHKHO. 

3arbMT> ohi> Bapyrb BCKOHHjrb, noA6b?Kaji r b Kb oBueii ■>«- 
6AioTeK r b, cxBaTHJiT> GoJibuiyio KHHry t nocntuiao 0TKpujn> ^ r 
npHHHJTCH ct> tfcaAHocTbio nepejiHCTHBaTb: ohi> cjhohhai na^itu b 
6iicTpo nepeBepTHBiUi'b cTpaHHaw, boahjit* yKa3aTejTbHMM r b 

H«pCTOM'b HO CTOJlfiliaM'b. . T i<»HAa AO KOHUa, OHT> aRKf'MT^ 



f#8 JRAin> lUAHTAByAH'h. 

KHHry m 6pocHJTb ee Ha ctojtb: yeTaBb He roBoptun* hh 
^aoBa. 

^to AtJiaTt? 

Oh'b enje h^ckojibko MHeyrt npocHjrkjrh HenoABHtfCHo. 

IIotomi>, KaiCB 6yjrro ero noATOJiKHyjia Kaican-TO npyatHaa, 
^XBaTHJTB jihctb 6yMarH, nepo, tto-to 6fciCTpo Harmcaji'b a no- 
9Bohbjtb MajibHHKa. 

— Kaieb MoacHO cicopM 3Ty TejierpaMMy Ha Tejierpa<j)T.! 

Oht* acAajix nflTb HacoBT> oTB-frra. HaKOHeivb otb^tb JipH- 

HIOTb. 

EMy coo6m,ajiM, hto KaaHb ouioaeeHa, hto najraiy mho 
aHaTb. HaB-bdie h3T> MHHHCTepcTBa ycnoKOHJio h o6paA<> 
sajio ero: ohi> sacHyjrb Ha CBoeMi> aejienoM'L TpHaoBO>rt *rc- 
BaHt. " 

HoHbK) r. JlejioHrb Ae-Poacep3 cjibiaiajrb h3t> cbobm kom- 
Bara, KaKi> TOJina co6upajiacb Ha nycrapb nepeAT> TiopbMoii, 
©acHAaa, Kor.ua HanHyrb daBHTb rajibOTHHy. JIk>ah npuxoAHJiu 
HedojibfflHMH rpynnaMw, h nx'b mans OTAaBajracb rJiyxHui* my- 
m©mt> no TBepAofi noHB-fe. C^ KaacAofl MHHyTofi ponorb roJlocofi h 

CTaHOBHJICH rpOM^e H npepblBaJICH B3pbIBaMH KpHKOBT^ bockjih- 

b^him h CBHCTKOB'b. Bapyrb, cpe^H TOJinu npoHeccfl Bosrjraci. 
pa30^apoBaHia, h OHa pa30injiacb ch jt&chsMh h eM'hxoM'b, fit- 
poaTHO, KaKo^-HnfiyAb nojiHueficiciH o6*bHBHJTb, qro saasb oimo- 
HceHa. T. JlejioHrb Ae-Po3Kep3 CHOBa aacHyjrb. 

Ha cjitAyiomee yTpo „9xo Cebbi h Iohh" cootiupLio H3t 
.fl.ocTOB'fepHaro HCTOHHHKa", hto uepeMOHin npoHBy^Aerb Ha 
ejrfefly/oiijifi AeHb. Ho nocjrfe BTopofi ho^h HanpacaHxi. oaeHAa- 
hih acypHajiHcra nouura HaBOAHTb cnpaBKH. HpuBpaTHBKb 
ritpbMN OTB'b^aji'b, KaKT> eMy 6hjio npmcaaaHo, to^ho noBropjun, 
tayqeHHHfl ypoicb, — hto aefib Ka3HH eme He HaaHa^eH'L. Bro 
acera pa3CKa3ajia Ha 6a3ap , fe, hto niaMap'b 6oJieHT> ^etpoflTHo, 
yiiperb HenocTbiAHO, Kain> xpHCTiaHHffb. Ha cjrfeAyioince yrpo 

9Ta HOBOCTb nOHBHJiaCb CT> HafliJieSKamHMH KOMMeHTapiHMH II 

Bt napaaccKHXTb h wh M'&CTHbix'b raaeTaxTb. „9xo Gen hi h Iohu m 

HOM'feCTHJIO 06jIHHHTeJlbHyH) CTaTbJO, yTBepaCAaa, l ITO MHHHatt 

6ojrfe3Hb Hlaifapa, hh fiojiie hh Mefffee, Kaicb aaroBop-b; nye 
eTynHHK-b O'feacaJi'b; Kor^a Hcneajia BcaKan HaaeatAa HaHTH«ro T 
3T0 fitrcTBo ptmeHO CKpHTb, hto6h cnacTH, Koro cjitayerb, 

t>Tb OTBtTCTBeHHOCTH. 

4Teme 3T0fi CTaTbH npHBejio r. JIej[OHrb AB-Poacepa bl 
OTqaame. „J3, , fejio a , y Hero 0Ka3HBaeTca ecTb ^Atjio", y Hei <i. 
TaKoro o6pa3i^oBaro HHHOBHHKa! Oh'b nocjiajii bi> p^aKqin- 
^opMaoibHoe onpoBepaceHie. Oho 6hjio HanenaTaHO^ ho m npu - 
coe^HHemeiTB cjiiAyioiH.HX'b CTpoKb: „HecMOTpa Ha lioMknjeH- 
aoe Bume onpoBepaceHie aaHHTepecoBaHHaro Jiuua, mu c4Hra^n*b, 
^?to MoaeeMTb noAAep^iCHBaTb bo Bcefi no^Horb cooSrqeBffue haihi 



AHAPXMOT'L. 189 

BHQpa H3B^CTie ao rfex'b nop*B, noKa rHJibOTHHa, iipHHy>K£eH~ 
Haa iiojiqaTb, He CKaacerb CBoero nocjr&AHaro cjioBa*. Cfrpaxx 
r. JlejiOHra ycmiHJica; ohtb nocjiajit 3a AOKTopoMT> IIIapac6e#0M'b 
ii, ayHyBi> eMy ra3eTy BCKpH^aJit: 

— CnacHTe ero, AOKTop'b, cnacHTe ero! 

^OKTOp'B, HeJIOB'&K'b fl06pOAyiHHHH, HaA'&JI'b neHCH9, TTOObi 

wponecTh ctpokh, KOToptia eMy yica3biBajiCT, h nporoBopnjrb: 

— Si pa#T> ero cnacTH, ho ^to eMy orb 3Toro 3a nojibsal 

— MojiHHTe, HecnacTHHw!— B03pa3HJii> r. JlejiOHrb Ae-Poace- 
p3.— Ilo^yMaHTe, hto bh roBopnie! Bo hmh ryMaHHoera... bo 
hmh HayKH... n noTOMT>, KaKOBo ace mh4-to 6yneTT>? 

/l.OKTop'b ycnoKOMjn> ero, yjibi6aacb, h nornejrb irpoBl$AaTt> 
HIaMapa, KOToparo oht> no npeacHeMy Hamejn> bt> tijioxom-l no- 
jiomemH. 

MeacAy r&tfb ynopHaa 6ojrfc3Hb 3HaMeHHTaro npeeTyriHHKa 
3anHTepecoBajia napaacb. ,„H,eHb tf , 6ojibinaa emeAHeBHaa ra3eTa 
HanenaTajia Ha nepBofi CTpaHnut KpHKJiHByio cTaTbio bt> Tpa 
oroji6u,a, no;n> saraaBieMi* „Cyxaa nuibOTHHa" h cb ij'kJibiM'b 
p^AOM-b noMaroJioBKOB'B: „Bo3o6HOBJieHie nbiTKH", „y(5ifiCTBeH- 
h«h TropbMw", „TH$03Haa ropa<nca wh M'fecTax'b saKJiEoqema", 
„JIoBKoe yHHTToaceme ocyaeAeHHbiX'b". OaTba 6ujia hjijijoctph- 
poBaHa AByMH KapTUHKaMH: Ha oahoh H3o6paacajracb 3Aania 
MapHCKofi TiopbMU, Ha Apyroii— MajieHbKia ^epHHa naTHHiiiKH 

BB O'fejIOM'b KpyJKe'IK'b— 6aUHJIJIH TH(|)03HOii ropaHKH. CTaibfl 

BHpa^Kajia ne^oBtpie ko BctMT) HJieHaM'b TiopeMHOH a/iMHHH- 
crpauiH bt> iiIuiom'l Kf B'B HacTHocTflxi), BbiXBaJiajia ynoTpeSjie- 
me (J)mibTpa *** jinn npeAOTBpameHia th(J)03H0h ropa^KH h c* 
•co6eHHHMT> acapoMt o6jiH<*ajia TiopeMHbix'b Bpaqefi, w xiojib3yH>- 
Mjaxca cbohmh aoxoahhmh MtcTaMH ito6h noABepnaTb ocy- 
SKAeHHHXTb onwTaMi>, KOTopue mojkho 6e3T> npeyBejiHHeHia na- 
3BaTb BCKpuTieM-b Tpyna w 6e3'b upeAynpeacAema" KaKB CKa^ajris 
6m Haun> He3a6BeHHbifi Ajib^oHCt KappiA 

Ha 3tott> pas-b AOKTop-b IHapac6e<J)'b BfifeKaJTb bt> KafiHHerb 
AapeKTopa, Bociurauaa: 

— Mhi ero cnaceM-b, Hoprs noAepn! Mh ero cnaceMB.— Oht> 
h« yMperb 3A*Cb! ■— npa6aBHJi , B aoktop*b, yaapHB-b KyjiaKOMi. n» 
orojiy. 

CfTaTba „#Hfl" Ha^tjiajia iny3Jy: acypHajincTbi npiisHcajiiiL 
rarepBbDupoBaTb r. Jlejionra jie Poatepa. HecMOTpa Ha cbo» 
ipeBory, on'b ^yBCTBOBajrb b*l rJiyfiHHi AyniH yAOBOJibCTBie; 
Wb gHJioe BpeMa oht> caMT> MHorHXT> HHTepBbioHpoBaji'b, h eMy 
6vlho npitfTHO, ^to Tenepb kt> HeMy HBJiaioTca HHTepBbiOBepu 

Oht> BcnoMHHajn> cboh BH3HTU kt> PeHaHy, KTb reHepajiy 
ByjiaHJKe, kt> llaTTH, h cTapajica A^pacaTbca, KaKT> ohh; owh 

A'feflaJI'b BHAT>, HTO OTHOCHTCa KT> jy^Jiy BHOJIHU Ofi'beKTUBMt 
©« T b BOAHJI'b penopTepOB'b HO HDpbMt Ch rpyCTHHM'b BHflOMTb. 






ItM ^ JR.\R'b UlAHTAByAH'l.. 



no cx iiujjhok) npeAynpeAHTejibHOCTbio, tomho KaKOti-aiifiyAb 

ynpaBJTHffJlltffi rOCTHHHUH, BCe HMT> 06l>HCHHJI^, TUJIKOBftJTb, 

XBajiHJi'L riarieHHHHoe ycTpo#CTBO crfeHi), hhctoty hojiobt?, upe- 

BOCXOACTBO BeHTHJIflTOpOB'B, COBepineHCTBO BbirpeOlfUJCb AMI*: 

01Kb caMi> flepraji'h ijtnoMKPi Bnc^Bmifl no crftHaM'h, n repeal, 
4>ap(|jopoBHa Tpy6u jihjihcb u'fejibie iiotokh. Kor.ua y aero h% 
wohu* kohuobi> cnpauiHBajiH, KaKi> ate oht> ce6fc ofrbHCHflerb 
*tto Cojifenb Bee TaKM npoHHKJia CKBoSb 3Ty 6poHK) npo^MJTaK 
rmecKUX* cpeACTB* n npeAoxpaijiiTejiBHbix'b Mtpi>, oB'BTOJitKo 
paBBOAHJTb cboh fiojibiuia pyKM, h cjierKa ckjiohaji'l cnutfy bu- 
paataa cBoefi noaoH 6e3noMomHocTb, h Kaicb fiy^To roBopa:- 
CoBepmeHHO HercoHflTHo! Taicifl BenjH tojibko co mhoio h cjry- 

HJiflTejiBHaa 6ojifeub saKJUOHeimaro AaBajia niimy HOJieweitt. 
VapcMHirb Hanwcajia xpoBHKy npencnojraeHHyK) HeroAOBaHLB. 
^OomeuTBo noKpoBHTejibCTBa qeJioBf^ecKOH ^hhhocth" bsboji 
BOBaJiocb, h oahhb HSi, ero ^JieHOBb, j^enyTarb dojibuniHCTBa. 

HSB'fecTHJI'b npeBH^eHTa COB^Ta MHHHCTpOB-b H MHHHCTpa BHyTpeH 

HHX'b a^jtb, hto Cy^^TB HM^Tb \ecTb npeACTaBHTk eMy 3a- 
npoc"b o rfext M^paxt, Kama aojihchh 6utl npiiHHTbi jxjiv, 
yjiymneHin caHUTapHaro coctoshih M-fccrb saKJHoqeiibi. 

3anpocb!— 9to 6ujio nocjrfc/iHHM'b y^apoM-b ftjia i\ ."IejioBn, 
*e-PoEcep3. Qui* qyBCTBOBaJTb ce6a TaicuM^ ae ocyjKAeHHWMu 

tf TaKHM'b 3Ke 60JIbHbIM'b KaKT> IHaMapT*. MlIHHCTp'B BHyTpeHHHX'l. 

jlurii KOMaHAiipoBajrb HHcneKTopa B r b MapHCKyK) TiopbMy. I\ 
*e-Pomep^ boahjtb ero no TiopbMt ei> TpeBoncHoH ycJiyauiw 
BocTbiu. ex omymeHieMi> TOHymaro njioBua. HHcneKTopi> aaxo 
rfejii3 jthiho ocMOTpiTb HIaMapa: 3T0 bo bc>ikom7> cviywfc 
*acT*b *My TeMy ajih pa3roBopoB7> bt> KypiuibHbix'b KoaiHa* 

TftXTw 

- ButfHTe, r. HHcneKTopx, brahtc,— roBopHJTb i 1 . &ejra&r£ 
Ae-Pomepa, y nocTejra yMiipaiomaro,— 9to y Haci> eiiiiHCTBeH- 
imn Tn(jjo3HHH, AaaKe, mojkho CKa3aTb, enHHCTBeHHbrii Gojibhoh. 
TaKUMia ofipasoMi), TyT^ n^Tb m cjit^a antiiieMin: hhhto He 
yicaabiBaeTb Ha KaKoii jih6o HeijocTaToicb, pe3yjibTaTT> Koroparo — 
ii no3BOJiflio ce6i ofiparaTb same BHHManie Ha BToxii nyHKTTi — 

6WJTh 6U BeH36'&XCHO pacnpOCTpaHeHHHM'b, JIQ HliKOTOpofl CTf 1 - 

nenn. oSiuhm'B... 

Hhhobhhkx yfexaji^, coxpi-HiiH Bn,ai> TaiiHCTBeHHufl 11 Macr- 
Hufl, hto noKa3ajiocb r. Ae Po5Kep» BecbMa AypuuM'b 3Ra- 
komii- Ha'b TiopbMH nHcneKTop'b OTnpaBHJica bt> npe^eKTypy, 
rat jf>^\ n pafioTaromie KaMeHm,HKu em;e HanoMnim^ii o no- 
Kym^Hiji IIIaMapa. BMy 6hjio nopy^eHo CHa6,aHTL MHHHcrpa 
ftcfeMn A^HiibiMii RjiR oTB'feia Ha npeAnojiojKeHKHH aanpocb, h 
BOTOMy 0H7^ .noJiHteH'b fibi.n'b y3iiaTb y npe$eKTa, K&Kfc ornu- 
r:HTCa irb 3T0My HaceaeHie Mapna. S^opoBbe IIIaMapA npoao^- 



,. !■ \ :• \ ;• • ! ". 

atajio saHHMaTb yMM ofibmaTeJieii. Ohm tajcb cxpacTHo aceaa.iiH 
BH3AopoBJieHifl aHapxucTa, 6yATo dTorb ^ejiOBtKT>, HeA^n** 
ciHTaBiiiiHca no3opoMi> jum oomecTBa, CTajrb ero <j)eTn- 
iuearb. Ta HAea, mto cnpaBeAJiHBoeTb AOJimna nojiy^HTb yue- 
BJieTBopeme, HatfpacbiBajia KpaciiBbiii iiokpobt> Ha hhskoq ace- 
Jiame yBHA^Tb, KaK'b jipb crpya KpoBH TeKy rb h3t> pepi-^rb- 
3aHHaro ropjia. IIpeKpacHbia Miiee, KaK'b h npeKpacuwe ub kvu 
BupocTaiOT'b H3t HaBoaa. TaKHMt o6pa30M'B, 3aKJiK>qajrb ape- 
^eKTh, ecTecTBeHHaa CMepTb 9aceHa UlaMapa npHBe^erb bi> hc- 
FOAOBame otfHBaTejieii MapHa, h, BCJifcACTBie stofo, 6yAyiUJ* 4 
Bu6opH 6yxyTb bo BceM'b AenapTaMeHrfe CeHH h Iohh ne- 
6jiaronpiiiTHbi npaBHTejibCTBy. 

IlOC-li 3T0P0 iMHHHCTpi> 6bIJl r b rOTOB'b OTBliTHTb Ha 3anp<K"b. 

Omb iipflrjiaruajTB r. JlejiOHra Ae-Poatep3 h AOKTopa Illapat- 
6ec|)a y^BOMTb 3a6oTH o 6ojibhomi>; bo hto 6h to hh dajio, oh i 

AOJIHCeH'b BbI3AOpOB'feTb, MHHHCTepCTBO He OTCTyn«TT> HH liepeJTL 

KaKoft acepTBOH. Ohi> Tpe6oBaJTB, hto6h eMy KaacAHH A^Hb op«- 
cHJiaJiH 6i0JiJieTeHH, KaKi> 6yATO ji^jio nuio o6t> oahomx aai, 
TOBapnmeH ho coBfrry MMHitoTpoB-b. JJoKTopt IIIap^6e(|)i> h^m^j 
jieHHo .oTB'feTHJiTD, mto UlaMapa eABa jih He BbiaAopoBfeeTi*, Hi 
tto bt> caMOMi> CjiaroapiaTHOM'b cjiyqai, ecjiii HeaBHTca mucaKon 
ocjiojKHema, BHBAopoBJieHie 6yAeTi> oqem> npoAOJiauiTejiMUH* 
Bt> BHAy 3Toro TiopeMHoe ynpaBJreirie otocjiojio o6paTHo wh 
Hapnact rHrfbOTHHy, KOTopaa MHoro AHefi ociaBajiacb wb MapHb 
Ha TOBapHOH cTaHuin, npoAOJiacaa BH3HBaTb o6m;ee .nroSonuT- 
ctbo, ho pncKya 3apHCaB'feTb. 

OrapaBfca opyAia Ka3HH oatHBHJia nojieMHKy; „3xo Genu w 
Iohh" To^acecTBOBa-no: 6'krcTBo ocyacAeHHaro noATBepjKAa.noci 
caMHMi> CjiecTaiuHMi o6pa30M , b. Mhhmctpt> saxorknt crjiajum- 
BnenaTJiiHie, BH3BaHHoe 3toh M'fepofi. ^Toen AOKaaaTb o6mecTBj 
^to Ulaaiap'b eui,e hchb-b, h HaxoAHTca b-b MapHCKoii TjopbM'b 
ohi> nocjiajit kt> HeMy Ha KOHCHJiiyMX Tpexi) 3HaifeHH'i'Mx r i 
Bpaneii, HJieHOBt MeAHU,HHCKOH aKaAeiiiii. 9th rocnoAa He m- 
cTaHOBHJiH piuiHTejibHaro npHroBopa. ho OTHecJincb ct> 6eay 
cjioBhhmt> 0A06peHieMi>, A^>Ke cb noxBajioM, k* cncTeMt Jihn?- 
uix, npHM^HHeMOH aoktopoml IIIapMc6e(|)0M'b. „9xo Ceiiij i 
Iohh* 4 hoah^jio Ha cm^xi to, <jto oho Ha3HBa.Jio: ^KoMe^ 
orapaBJieHLH na toti> CB'feT'b*. He anaa hto AlwiaTb, MHHmiTep 
ctbo nepe3T> nocpeACTBo areHTCTBa TaBaca, o6t>hchhjio, qcro 
rHJibOTHHy npHffljiocb yBe3TH M3T> MapHa, TaKi> KaK'b eii upeA- 
cTopjia pa6oTa b*b ApyroMTb M-fecrt; h, hto6h onpaBAaTb btotx 
npeAJiorb, Ha iorh Ka3HHJin KaKoro-To o6biKHOBeHuaro yru;ioi;^ 
Haro npecTyuHHKa, HOMHJioBaHie KOToparo 6hjio yme ao^ri 
ptineHO. Ilocjii 3T0I0 BceTaKH npnuuiocb oTOCJiaTb rHJiburimy 

BT> MapHl», TA^ ee BCTpiiTHJlH CT> TaKHMl) BOCTOpPOM'b, H'Mh 
3TO 6bTJTB TpOflHCKiH KOHb. 



1*2 »AH1> niAHTAByAHT*. 

Menc^y r&M'b, BonpeKH BcfeM'b OHCHAaHiaBTb, IIIaMapy CTftJie 

BaHHH, 06jIHBaEBi?, 06THpaHbH, BCnpHCKHBaHbH, yKO.nbi, atf- 

MceraHBH, npnacHraHba, JieAt, xojioztb, Tenjio, wejifeo h a^ P 
<wihi]mt> cjiobomT), Bcb cpefldBa Tepania h bc6 Ji^KapcxBa $ap- 
MaKonea 6biJiH BHUBHHyTH Ha 6opb6y ct 6ojr&3HbH>. Hai> Ila- 
pima nprfexaji'b caarb npo^eccopt Barbe> tto6h cfl'kuaTb chut* 

•O CBOei aHTHTH(f)03HOH CHBOpOTKOH, BblBblBaBHiefi OtfCHBJieHHH* 

onopn bte> aKa#eMiflx f b h flpyrnx'b yneHwx'B oCnjecTBax'b. Girt 
npe/iaBajrb rpoMajiHoe BHaneme echshh h CMepTH fflaMapa: 

K&Kafl CHaCTJIHBafl HaXOHKa— H&rkTb B03M05KHOCTb CfllyTaTb bckph- 

xit) cBoero nauieHTa cpaay nocjrfe nojiHaro ero BbiBflopoBJieHtal 

HHKOraa BT> KJlHHHK'fe He npeACTaBHTCH TaKOft C^aCT.lHBUH cjiy- 

faa npn Haqaji* jrfeneHbH hobhm*l cpejjcTBOM-b. 7I,a, aio Glum 
JipaB/ia, IHawap-b BHSflopaBJiHBajrb. -JKap-b ero oejiafitBajTB, 
ji3bh KHnieKX BararHBajiHCb. Oht* HaHHHajii> nporjiaTHBaTb K%- 
CKO^bKO Kanejib MOJiona, fiyjibOHa, jioaceHtcy MHHepaJibHott bquh* 
BoKpypb Hero CHOBa 3apomnajiacb pajjocTb. I\ Jlejiounb ae- 

P03Ke|J3 H AOKTOp-b IIIopjR6e<f>'b, BCTp-fcqaHCb, 06MtHUBaJIHOb 

yjiti6KaMH h Kp^nKHMH pyKono3KaTiiiMH. Ha^enie TeMnepaxypu 
CojibHoro ycnoKaHBajio Jiaxopa^rcy it&jioh MaccH Jinweft. 

Caafb ohtb omymajrb Heo6biKHOBeHHoe 6jiarococTGflme, Ga*> 
KaKt 6h npocHnajica nocjrk 6e3KOHe*rao flojiraro cna h h^ 
hqmhhjtb, hto Cb hhmt> ^hjio, npe3K,n;e H'kwb owb 3aceyjii>. OffL 
TyBCTBOBaji'b, KaKi> nocjrfe AOJiraro ou-bneuiHia wb ero Hrrra- 
H^eHHOM'b Ttjit npocunaeTCfl 3KH3Hb. B3,noxHyTb noJiHOJorpyflb» t 

BHflHTb TJIOTOKt MOJIOKa, Vb 60JIbfflMM'b yCHJlieftTb HOflBtfrtyTfe 

pyRy hjih Hory, Bee 3to #ocTaBJisjio eMy CTpaHHoe, rJiyfioKoe 
yjjoBOJibCTBie, KOTopoe yAHBJiajio, 3a6aBJiajio ero, ho kotophm^ 
sht> BnoJiHt Hacjiaacflajicfl. Ct KaacflHM'B RKewb 9th yjivmxb- 
crBbi noBTopajiHCb Ham;e, HyBCTBOBajiHCb SKHBte; y Hero 6un* 
KaKi> 6h HOBoe t6jio, KOTopoMy He Ha^o^Jio ECHBOTHoe HacJiaa:- 
leuie atH3Hbio; Bee <5hjio eMy npi^THO, Bee xopomo. Get o^ea 
lOJJiofiHJnb mojioko, cBtmee, rydoe mojioko, 6feiH3Ha koto par*. 
Taiti> me Kaia> CtjiasHa npocTbiHb, ycnoKOHTejibHO a1jhctb&- 
Bajia ea sp^Hie; y Hero Taicofl cjia^Kifi h npiaTHHfl aanarb, 
•ho JiacKaeT'b pon>, ToqHOTenJiHH 6apxaT*B, h npeBpan^aexca Bt 
xopoiuyro, KpacHyio KpoBb, atHByro, nHTaTejibHyio. ^yxb aasffeT- 
ioe m,eKOTaHbe Ctrajio no BceMy ero rfejiy, Kawb 6y,mo hctm- 

HURT* MCH3HH CHOBa Hanaji'b TeHb nocjit HOJirOM npioCTaHOBKJl. 

Hacio, yTOMHBmwcb BHyTpeHHHMT> Ha6jiK)AeHieMi> coScTBeHHaro 
■MaflopoBJieHia, IIIaMap^ oTKpbiBaji'b rjia3a h, Jie»a HenoaBHSK- 
ho, ocMaTpaBajiCH Kpynwb. TiopeMHan 6ojibHHua, noM*fem,eHHa^ 
wh oTzrfeJibHOM'b (J)JiHrejit, Kant Toro Tpefiyerb rarieHa, npea- 
•TaBJiJiJia oneHb npiaTHUH BHA'b. OKHa, xoth c^ p^meTicaMn, 

faiJIH BHCOKifl, HlldpOKiH, CB np03paHHHMH CTeKJiaMH. CltB««(> 



AHAPXHCT1, 19$ 

mm Bmr&jica fiojibffloft KycoicB rojiy6oro He6a h BeprauHa 
xojiMa, to flCHo o6pHCOBaHHa^, to 3aKyTaHHaa TyMaHOM'b, 
to sejieHaa, to cfcpaa, CMOTpa no noroafc h no BpeMeHH 
OTa. CBtTJian oKpacKa ct*ht> yBeaHHHBajia cBirb KOMHaTH; 
icpoBaTB He noxoflHJia Ha yaeHbKia KpoBaTH RaMep*b, 0Ha 
fituia 6iwiaa, mnpoRaa, ct> MarRoio, ynpyroro nocTeabio. 
Orojio Hea ctohjii> Horaoft ctojihki>, cTyjnb, jiemajrb kobphk'b, 
tohho y 6oraTHX'b Jirofleii. Ecjih 6h HlaMap'b 6bun> oahhb 

Vb 9TOWb flJIHHHOM'B AOpTyapfc, OrpOMHOMTb, KBKb TaJIJie- 

pea ABopua, OH'b, noacajryfi, cocKy^HJica 6h; Tenepb, Hanpo- 

THB1>, HMeHHO HOTOMy, HTO OH'b CblJTb eAHHCTBeHHHH 6oJIbHOft r 

ero OKpyacajiH nocTOHHHUMH 3a6oTaMH, ROTopwa pa3BJieKajin 
ero. Cayacamie bi> 6ojibHHiv&, MOHaxtma h (^ejibAinepB, Bee 
BpeMa 6hjih npn HeMT>; ohh Ha6aK)AajiH bc* ero ABHaceHia, 
yraAHBaJia ero aeeaama, npeAynpeacAaaa hx'b. Kor^a (JejibA- 
mep-b npHnoaHHMajrb ero, OH'b ct> KaKHMB-TO cjiaAocTpacrieM'b 

HyBCTBOBaJTb CBOe Ta3KeJIOe TiJIO B*b 8THXT> CHJIbHHX'b H OCTO- 

poxcHHX'b pyKaxTb. Ho OH'b ocofieHHO jno6HJn>, Kor^a ero yKJia- 
AUBaJia cecTpnija, cecTpa MHJiocepAia btb CBlvrjiorojiy6oM'B 
HJiaTbt, eme MoapAaa, Cb poaoBeHbKHM'b jihhhkom'b, o6paMJieH- 
hum'b 6tjiHM'b HenaoMT>. OHa HaKJIOHaJia HaAT> HHMT> cboh dpofi- 
HUfl cTaH*B, cboh) A*BCTBeHHyH) rpyzu> H TOBOpHJia C^aBJieH- 
Huifb rojiocoMT>. Bto 6ujio Kanoe-To irfejiOMyapeHHoe BHA'bHie, 
cboahoh CTopoHH, BHyniaBniee eMy noHTeHie^cb Apyrofi— CBoeio 
npejiecTbio B036y3RAaBinee bt> btom'b o6HOBJieHHOM*b Tiafc 6e3- 
coBHaTejibHoe h CHJibHoe BOjmeHie, noAo6Hoe TOMy, Kaieoe hb- 
xaeTca npn HacTynJieHia hojioboh apijiocra. 

Majio no Maay naaiaTb E03Bpamajiacb kt> HeMy. floKTopa 
AOJiro 6oajiHCb 3a pa3cyA0RT> IIIaMapa. Bo BpeMa KpuTHie- 
CKaro nepio.ua 6oji43hh, Aoaroe 3a6biTbe ohhcthjio ero Aymy. 
IIoao6ho Tony, KaKTb npopBaBniifica HapbiBT> H3Bepraerb irbJibiii 
noTOR'b raoa, TaR-b h OH'b H3Beprb bcio rpasb cBoefi pacayTHoft 
jkhshh, Becb hat> CBoe3 npecTynHofi 3Jio6h bt> OTBpaTHTeab- 

HUX'L KpHRaX'B, B*B MepSRHXTb CJIOBaXTb, 6e3CTHACTB0 KOTopblX'b 

sacTaBJiflJio (J)pJib^mepa npucicaTb co CMtxa n HaBojiHJio yncacb 
Ha cecTpy. noTOMT> oui> H'bCKOJibKO AHen noATb paA*b He tobo- 
pHJii> hh CJiOBa. Jlnnib pt^Kie CTOHU noKasbiBajiH, HTO C03Ha- 
Hie He BnoJiHt ociaBHJio ero. Ho Majio no MaJiy TyMam>, saBo- 
jaRHBaBniin ero Moar'L, Haiajit Kaia> 6h npoacHHTbca; OH'B 
crajii> noHHMaTb, hto eMy roBoparb, h caMi> Ha^aJ^b npoH3no- 
chtb OTA*abHbia CJiOBa. Oht> RaKi> 6yAT0 CHOBa y^HJica tobo- 
pBTb, roBopHJfb HeTBepAo, He npaBHJibHO, HaHBHo, KaRi> pe6e- 
hoki>, ho jybJidJVb fioaie 6HCTpue ycuixn, *rb>wb o6ukhobch- 
huh MajieHbRia a^th. Oh'b cocTaBJiaji'b (|)pa3u RopoTKia, pe6a- 
wcKia, noA'bHCRHBaJi'b CJiOBa, noBTopajn> hx'b, yaHaBajrb uxt>, 
RorAa KT0-Hti6yAb npon3HOCHJi r b hxb npn neMi>, cnpamuBajii, 
AeK«6pb. OTAfeiit I. 13 



194 *AFb IHAHTAByAlTb. 

rb HasBaHifl npeAMeTOBTb, koto pun no3a6ujn>. Ob KaHcgUMb 
AHeMi> eMy Bee 6ojibme h Combine HpaBHJiocb roBopHTb, Tosat 
9T0 6tuia KaKan-To oneHb cTapaa h bi> to ace BpeMa HOBaa nrpa. 
Torw MOHaxuHH no u$m*wb nacaifB cHAlwia okojio ero n*- 
CTejin; OHa Ba3ajia, nrajia, BbiniHBajia h pascKasHBaJia UlaMapjr 
padHua padHOCTH. Oua roBopmia eMy, Kaicb acHByrb bt> moh*- 
CTupt, KaKi> npaBHJibHO pacnpeA^Ji^HH mojihtbh h pa6orai, 
Kaicb Be^eTCA xosahctbo, Kaicb o6pa6aTHBaeTca caAi>, Kaicbif*- 
HaxHua noc&maiorb 6 r hjxHux r b; bi» 9tomt> HCKyccTBeHHOirB ey- 
mecTBOBamu, bh^ <5paiea, BAajra orb CBtTa is! 6opb6n, He 6us» 
icbcTa hh ajih TpeBor-b, hh ajia 3Jia. Jleaca Bb cbohxt> 66jihx% 
npocTbiuHX'B, nojibsyacb 3a<5oTJiHBHM*b yxoAOMi>, IHaMap'b cpa*- 
HHBajTb cbok) cyAtfiy cb cyAt6oio Ao6pHXT> cecTep-b. EMy 11a- 
sajiocb, hto oh-b oneHb noxoacb Ha hhxi>, hto oh*b npencne*- 
HeHT> TtMl> CHOKOHHUM'b fijiaaeeHCTBOM-b, KOTopoe Ha3HBaK)rk 
CBHTOCTbK). OhT> eABa HOMHHJTb CBOK) npeJKHIOK) HCH3Hb, TflJKfr- 

Jiyio, 3Jiyio; OHa 6ujia oTA^JieHa orb Hero 6ojibinoio nponacTb* 
6e3i> MOda, h owl He bha&jtb npoTHBonojioacHaro 6epera bto! 
nponacTH. 

Bi HeMT> HHnero He ocTajiocb orb npe»Haro nejiOBlma: 
nocjit Toro, Kaicb oh* ncnbiTajrb Ha cefifc 3a6oTti ApyrHX*, 
Kaicb oht> BHA'bJi'b BOiepyrb ce6a CBirb, pa3JiHBaeMHH cauo- 
oTBepacemeM'b, oh'b cmi> noqyBCTBOBajrb ce6a kpotkhm'b, jw- 
6flmHMTb, 6jiaroAapHHM*b; Ao6paa, BeJiHKOAyinHHa nyB^TBa ow- 
maura ero cepAue, hoao6ho TOMy, Kaicb CBtacin B03Ayxi> oto- 
macro h pacniHpaferb Jiencia, no bhxoa* H3i> KaKOH-Ha6y» 
KJioaKH. Bojit3Hb nepepoAHJia ero; BUdAopoBJienie aBJiajioe* 
WH Hero BOCRpeceHieM'b kb hoboh echshh, Kb skh3hh Heaa- 

tLHTHaHHOH. 

KorAa MOHaxHH'b npnxoAHJiocb ocTaBJiHTb ero, hto6h haw 
wb uepKOBb hjih bi> KyxHio, OHa AaBajia eMy rjik pasBJie^ie- 
nia ^HTaTb KHHrn. 3to 6h.jih He6ojibmie pascKaaH, OAo6pea- 
Hbie cBarfeflniHMH omaMH enncKonaMH, apxienncKonaMH n 
capAHHajiaMH, KOTopHe noAnncajin Ha 8arjiaBH0Mi> jihct* cBoe 
HMa h nocTaBHJiH KpecT'b. HasuBajiHCb ohh: ^HcTHHHaa atHSHb*, 
,,01^ 3eMJiii ao He6a", „racnap , b hjih ^ 6jiyAHbiH chhi>*, 
„IIomhh u h npo^i.; B"b hhxt> He 6ujio hh noy^eHitf, hh npaMO 
BHCKaaaHHbix'b HpaBCTBeHHbix'b npaBHJTb. Ho bt> HHX'b no- 
cToaHHO H3o6pamajiocb, KaKi^ coBepuieHHO npocTO, npa CTe^e- 

HiH CaMMX-b 06HHHbIXT> H eCTeCTBeHHHX'b 06CT0HTeJIbCTBl>, 

nopoKi) 6ujrb BcerAa HaKaaaHi* hjih acnpaBJieHb, AoSpoA^Teja 
HarpaacAeHa hhctumx h CKpoMHbiM'b CHacTbeM'b. IIpo^HTaB 1 * 
TaKyio xaHHcecKyio Oponiiopy, IIIaMap^ HyBCTBOBaJTb ce6a cno- 
KOflHKMi> h npocB'feTJieHHHM'b: owb pliHiajica nocTynaTb xo- 
ponio, pa3"b aTo TaKi> JierKO h TaKi> BuroAHO. Bo BpeMa 6oji^3hh 

OHTb 3'a6blJI , b, HTO fiUJITb OCyHCAeH'b. OH*b 9T0 BCnOMHHJI'b 6e8* 



A H A P X H C T T>. 1M» 

flojibiuoro 6e3noKo5cTBa h He TpeBOHCHJics 3thmt>. Bi> khhhc- 
iwcb no6poft cecTpntiH oht> npoTOJrs wcTopiH MHorwxT> ocy- 
mji;eHHbiXT», kotopup Bepiiyjincb kt> pejinria h ycTpoiura ce6t 
^jecTHyK) h bt> cymHocTH oqeHb npiaTgyro 5KH3Hb. bpoBH.n'&Hie 
He ocTaBHTT* ero. KaTopra h rajiepu He cymecTByrorb Gojrbe. 
SHannTB, oht> yftAerb Ky^a-Hnfiy^b xajieieo, Bt KafleHHy hjih 
bi> Hob.vh) KajiejjOHW, J^ine bt^ HoByio Kajienomio, rxfe RTOMarL 
^opoBie. Ta\rc> owb Gynerb o6pa6aTUBaTb aeacJiro. Bnpoqewb, oh^ 

He (fyfleTB npOCTOH CCHJIbHNH, KHKt Hpyrie: aHapXH3MT> — B^b 3TO 

nojiHTHKa, a noJiHTHKa— anapxnaM-b; eMy 6ynyrb oica3HBaTb oco- 
6oe yBaaceme, ct> hhmt> 6yjiyrb otfpaajaTbCH Jiynine, Tbwb ct> 
npoHHMir. BjiaroAapa CBoeMy npHMfepHOMy noBezfeHiro, oht> 
r.Kopo npioGptTerb HfecoTopyro HesaBHCHMOCTb h co6cTBeHHoe 
nojie, KOTopoe cTaHerb o6pa6aTHBaTb. PafioTa uojn> otkphthmt> 
He6oMT) aaerL Mnpi* h noKOH. OhT) GynerB Bec/m ce6a fijiaro- 
paayMHo. 4to6h He cnaTb o^HOMy, hto CHOBa Ha^nnajio My- 
T iHTb ero, oht> meumca Ha KaKoii-HH6y4b ccujibHOft h hojio- 
atHTT> Ha^aJio u.'fejioMy noKOJifeniio KOJioHHCTOB'b, Jiionefi cbo- 
6otjhhxt>: cb KaKoit CTaTH yHinTO»aTF> HacTOflmee o6mecTBo, 
Kor.ua BCflKin ^ejioB-feicb hochtt* bt> ce6b c&mji o6m;ecTBa 6y- 
Jtymaro? 

Bth mhcjih yrfemajm IHauapa eme 6onbnie, n^wb cojraije, 
jiyHM KOToparo, npoHHKaa bt> okho, pncoBajin Ha cb^tjioS 
crim* nepnyio r&Hb p^rneTKH: oxBaqeHHMH npiHTHoro jrbHbH), 
oht> 3a6hiBaiTb Becb cb1iti>. Ho cBlvrb He3a6tfBajrb ero. T. Jle- 
JOHr r b "ne-Pomep3; h ji;oktopt> UlapHrfefirb cte> jiK)6oBbH) cjifc- 
ztwjra aa ero B^3ji;opoBJieHieM'B. Muio-no-Many jmpeKTopTb CMHr- 
^hjit> bt> OTHomeHin kt. HeMy choh) aAMHHHCTpaTHBHyro cypo- 
BocTb. Ohb jiacKOBo pa3roB:ipHBajn> ct> HHM-b, pacnpaoiHBaji'b, 
xopomo jih oht> noo6*ji;a.Ti'b, ecTb jih y Hero anneTHTB, xo- 
pomo jih Bapirrb ero acejiy^oKii, chokoKho .tih on-b chhtl. 
Owb HasHBaji'B ero: „moh Apyrt". 3to BHHMaHie Tporajio 6ojn>- 
Horo: nonoHCHTeJibHO Meatny HHMb h o6mecTBOM-b B03CTaH0- 
bhjich MHpi>. Bhxouj^ H3^ Jia?apeTa, AnpeKTop'b h JiOKTopx 
BCHKifi pa3T> Bee 6ojite h 6oJifee pa,o;oBa,jiHCb Toafy, hto orcac- 
HOCTb peiiHAHBa yMeHbuiaeTCH. Me>K^y Tiw& MHHHCTepcTBO, 
npecca, o6n;ecTBeHHoe MHfeHie BOJiHOBaiacb, Haxo^Ji, hto A'feJio 
einfflKOM-b 3aTHHyjiocb: 6)Ji&3Hb ocyncneHHaro npo^oji>Kajiacb 
Heno3BOJiHTejibHO uoJiro. CwoBa nouinn cjiyxn o 6-fercTBt, ko- 
TopoMy 6ocT6e h.ih Men-fee noKpoBHTejibCTBOBaJio naqaubCTBo, 
H3b CTpaxa nepeA'b MecTbio aHapxHCTOBii, h mn> Btpa.JiH. B% 
* rfajiaTy nocTyniuia ho Baa n^Twuia o 3anpocfe. ripeac.ie H^bwb 
Ha3HaqaTb cpoKT> npeHitt no 3To\fy Bonpocy, MHHHCTepcTBO 
8'anpocnjio jxoKTopa IHap7K6e$a. Kor^a 6o.nbHOM.y mohcho 6y- 

WT-b B1JHTH H3T> Jia3ap«'Ta. ,n,OFCTOpT> OTB'&THJTb BH0..1H% 6e3- 
npHCTpaCTHWMT* OT^eTOM-b H Bb SaKJIfO^eHie SaflBHJT-b, hto no 

13, 



*.■*' 



195 JBLAWb lnAHTAByAHl*. 

coBicra 3anpemaer& 6oabHOMy Ha HeonpejrfwieHHbift cpoicrs 
„bhxoju>, KOTopufl Moacerb 6utb aaa Hero rH6eabHHMT>". 

noflKptDHBUlBCb 9TH>Tb CBHatTeJlbCTBOM'b, MHHHCTp'b BecbM* 

KpaoHopt^HBo 06'bncHHJi'b na;iaT%, hto 6oJi*3Hb yKpHBaeri 
fiojibHoro orb ffkficTBia npaBocynia; sto,— cnaaaJTb oH^-ecTfc 

UaTOJIOrHHeCKafl UpHBHJieriH. Bl CBOro p*Hb OH'b BCTaBHJTB 
H*CKOJIbKO KpaCHBHXl) (ftpaB'b, CpaBHHBSH COBpeMeHHbia 60JJb- 

hhu« cb ijepKBaMH, KOTopua B*b 6biabia BpeMeHa aaBajra He- 
npHKOCHOBeHHoe y6tacHme. Bca naaaTa paapaaaJiacb pyKonae- 
CKaHiaMH npa BTOM'b cpaBHeHin: npaBaa npHB*TCTBOBaaa ero, 
KaKT> 3HaKT> noweHia npaBHTeJibCTBa . kt> uepKBH; jr&Baa, Ha- 

npOTHB'b, HaXOflHJia, HTO Ofl'b KCTaTH npOTMBOnOCTaBUJIT> CBtT- 

CKoe ynpeacaeHie oChiHaro, aanaTHaHHOMy KjiepnKajiH3M0M r b. 
Korfla opaTopi) Bepnyaca Ha Micro, TOBapHiijH bctp^thjih ero 
nosnpaBJieHiflMH. P'feHb ero piineHO 6hjio HanenaTaTb h ny6- 

JIHHHO BUCTaBHTb. 

O^HaKO, nepes'b H^CKOJibKO OTefl IHawapTb 6hjt& B*b co~ 
cTOHHiH BCTaBaTb. OH'b cHanajia npomeaca HeMHoro no kom- 
Harfe; cecTpa h (feab.mnep'b nojmepacHBajiH ero, Horn ero 
ocjiad^Jia h KasajiHCb eMy nycTMMH. IIoTOM'b, Maao-no-Maay, 

KaiCb OH'b BHy^HJICH TOBOpHTb, TaiCb OH'b CTaJTb y<IHTbCa H 
XOAHTb' OflHffb. Ofl'b Cl> KaMCUHM'b flHeMX npOBOflHJTb BC6 

6ojibine h fiojibme BpeMeHH Ha HoraxT>. HaK0Hein>, Hadajrb 

HaCT>, KOr^a OH'b, OKOHHaTfJIbHO Bbl3#0p0B'kB'b, BblJUeJTb H3*b 

jiaaapeTa h BepHyjica btb cboio KaMepy. CrfeHH ea noKasajiacb 
eMy 6ojite rbcHbiMH, oKHa fiojrfee ysKHMH, nocTejib 6ojrfee 
icecTKOH), nojrb dojite xoaoAHHM'b, h^mij npeacae. JJfiKb Ta- 
Hyjica saHHHHft h HHH'&M'b He 3aHaTbifi. A Meac/iy rhwb IHa- 
uapi> He oqeHb CKynajrb; bi> cymnocni, caMaa cKyjca 3ami- 
iiaaa ero. 3a HeHM'fcHieM'b jiocTaTo^Haro npocTpaHcTBa Aaa 
xo^b6H, oht> Konajica btb co6cTBeHHofl, o6HOBJieHHOH fliynii: 

BT> BflOpOBOH, CB'feTJIOfi flynrfe, OTKpblTOH flJItf Jlo6p^X , b, flOBlip- 

HHBUX'b, pa^ocTHMXTb HyBCTBt; oht> paacMaTpHBajHb ee CO Bctx* 
CTopOHT>, KaKi> ocMaTpHBaiorb coficTBeHHbifi, BHOBb npio6p*b- 
TeHHbiH aomt>, KOTopufi cofiHpaioTca Me6jiMpoBaTb no C06dBeH- 
Howy BKycy. ,H,a, oiohb ropaHKH, ji'feKapcTBa, TuiiiHHa Bbia^o- 
poBJienia- Bee 3T0 ohhcthjio, omhjio, BHnojiocKajio, nepeA*- 
aaao UlaMapa 3aH0B0. Ero HeHaBHCTb, ero cTpeMJieme kt> Ha- 
CHJiiio HcqeajiH; bt> npeacnee BpeMa, Kor^ji acH3Hb ne aaBajia 
eMy HHHero KpoM* 6tACTBifl, oHTb npeanpaJiTb »cH3Hb h cboio^ 
h Hyxcyro. Tenepb, Kor^a oH'b no^jBCiBOBajn) bt> acujiax'b, bi 
KOCTax'b, bo BceM'b T'tJi* cJiaAKifl h MoryniH npH3HB*b K*b 
KH3HH, OH'b nojiioenaTb 3KH3Hb. Tenepb, Kor^a HimHaa 3a(5oT- 
jniBOCTb OKpyacaion^HX'b nonasajia eMy, hto Tanoe 6jiaronojiy- 
Hie, eMy CTajio KaaaTbca, hto e^HHCTBeHHoe acejiaTejibHoe t 
«AHHCTBeHHoe BOBMoacHoe cyn^ecTBOBaHie AJia neaoBtKa— sto- 



.A I i P U G T l, 197 

cymecTBOBanie necraaro TpyaceHHKa. HccomhIjhho, owl nepe- 
poAHJica. Kopa6jib yBeserb ero aajieKO, aajieKo, b* apyroi 

€BtTT>, H TaM*b HaiHeTCH AJIH Hero HaCTOHIUaA HCHBHb, JKHdHb 

xoponiaro pa6oTHHKa, acHSHb qecraaro HejiOBtKa. H IHaMapx 
He jirajrb caMt nepe^b co6oh; aaace HcnoB'feflHHK'b-rHnHOTH- 
aepi He Hamejrb 6h bt> Hearb HHKaicoro aypHoro HHCTHHKTa. 

Owb yCHyJTb CHaCTJIHBHft, KptflKHM-b CHOMT*. 

IIIyM'B KJiio^eft pasGyAHJTfc ero. Bi> Hoqaoft TeMHorfc okho 
ero KaMepu yaee BbipacoBUBaJiocb 6-fejiOBaTHM'b hhthomx. 3a- 

KJIKHeHHblH fiHCTpo BCKOqHJTb H CfcJTb Ha HOCTeJIH! CBfcrb <|>OHapa 

ynajrB Ha nojn>. ,fl,Bepb OTKpHJiacb; bohijih HtcKOJibKO nejioBiicb. 
Ulauapi* y3Hajn> cTopoaca, 6opony JiapeKTopa, cyTany cbh- 
njeHHtuca, h yBHfliurb eme Oflnoro rocnoAHHa, KOTopbift Aepacajrb 
bt> pyKax* BHcoKyK) nurany, fijiecrfeBOiyK) npa cBtrt $0Hapa. 
IIJaMap-B BHnpHMHjicH, onnpancb Ha jrfeByio pyKy, a npaauirb 
Ryji&ROWb Tepi* ce66 rjia3a, cnpauiHBaa: 

— ^to? hto? hto TaafB TaKoe? 

Toraa rocnoflHffB cb bwcokoh nnianofl oTfltjrajicH otb npo- 
hhxt>, noaoineji'B h nporoBopaji'B TBepAMMB rojiocoMi>: 

— IIIaMap-B, Ha Baniy npocbtfy o noMHJioBaaiH nocJiiw>Bajr& 
0TKa3i>; Haci> B03Meania HacTynajTb, 6ynbTe MyacecTBeHHH! 

OeyacfleHHHEi cTammrb npocTNHK), cocKo<rajrb c*b KpoBara h 
c*jtb Ha Kpan MaTpana, cnycTHB-b Hora; pytfauiKa ero paacTe- 

FHyJiaCb, OHT> CMOTpiWTb paCUlHpeHHblMH H OCTaHOBHBIUHMHCa 

rJiaaaMH. KaK'b nejioB'&K'b em,e He BnojiH* npocHyBiuiflda, onb 
ct> MHHyTy MOJiqaJi^, MainnnaJibHo no^ecHBaa cboh BOJiocaTna 

HOrH. IIOTOBTb Offb HpOH3HeCb XpHnJIHATb TOJIOCOATb TOflbKO OAHO 

45jiobo, He to KpHK'b, He to monorb: 

— IloffJiei^bi! 

TaKt KaK'b oh'b npoAOJDKaji'b cnjifkib HenoA^HacHo, to ah- 
peKTop* nonpocHJi'b ero o^TbCfl, oafcTbca nocKopM. Illaifapx 
BcyHyjiTb Horn bt> naHTajioHH: 

— IIoAJieitH! nojjJieun! — noBTopajrb OHb. — TaKb Borb fljia 
nero bh MeHH JiiqaJial Bh He Morjia aaTb mh* cnoKofiHO oko- 
jrtTb Ha nocTejiH, KaK'b KaKOMy-HaSynb 6ypacya. KaK'b mohcho! 
To ajih Bacb. A MeHH Ha^o y6HTb. Bh MeHfi OTKapMJiHBajin Ha 
y6ofi! 

Offb HaTHHyji-b KypTKy cHjibHbiwnb ABHHceHieM'b njien^. T. 
JlejioHrb fle-Po»cep3 npepBaji'b ero h cnpocHJii> pfcoiHTejib- 
HHwrb, ho cocTpa^aTejibHHM'b tohomt>, H«6rb jih y Hero KaKoro- 
HH6y/ib nocjrfeAHaro atejiaHin, He xoTOT-b jih oht> nojiyiHTb yrfe- 
meme pejrarin h BunHTb CTaKaHHHK'b poMa. Ho IHauap'b, 
He OTBtqaa eMy, npofloJiacajTb cbom MOHOJior'b. 

— 9»aH 6tAa! H ito h 6HJTb aa... KaK'b a Morb noBtpHTb 
BXb Aofipori, HX'b cocTpaaamjo! 3xi>, 3XTb, 3x*b! 

IIoMomHHK'b najiana oTptaaji^ bopothhkb y ero py6aniKH. 



108 MkVL-b niAHTAByAH'L. 

Tam>, Taicb, — cicaaajrL owb- OTKpHBafiTe MH'i nifciu, Te- 
nef>b Mirk M03KHO npocTyAMTbca; Ha »to hhkto He oGpamaerb 
BHHMaeie, Bee paBHo a 6yAy JieacaTb bi> aMli. 

Em> saBfl3aj]H pyKH 3a chuhom. Oki> ofiparnjicfl ki> Tiupeii- 
HOMy CBJimeHHHKy, kotophm noKa8HBajn> eMy pacnaiie, h aa- 

rOBOpHJI-b OB hhmb: 

Hy, bh, 6aTBKa, cnpa^Bie-Ka 3io; bh onoBAajiH CB BauJHKU* 
$xrypajAH Aa ct> KpacuBBiwn $pa8&Mii. ^eciHue cjjobo, B^epa 
bh Moi'Jiu 3acTaBH'iB MeHa nobtpHTB Bcewy, qeaiy xorfejiM. 06o 
MH f 6 aafioTHJiMCL, weua BHJiiMBJiM, 3a mhom yxaacHBaam, Ka£% aa 

MaJleHbKllMT> peOeHKOMl, aaMHOH, 6^3A'fejiLHtlKOM , b aEapXMCTuM^. 

Bcjjh 6iJ co mhom BceiAa xopomo o6pamajincb, y Mena ue 6**jio 
6H M GX'jTH BCe B8pUBaTB... Ji HyBCTBOBaJTB, hto CTaji-L Ao6puMX, 

cto roTuBt Ha Bosnia Ao6poAiTejiH. y MeH>i cA'feJiajiocL coedarb 
HOBoe cepAU,e, coBcfeMi> 64jiaa Ay^a. Bama eecrpima nanaJia 
nepeBopanHBaTB mh^ Bee H^'Tpo; OHa AaBajia mh1j hhth.tb khhph 

Ch 603KeCIBeHHHMTb. BoTT> KOrAa BaMl> HaAO OHJIO IJpEATM ct 

BamiiM'b KapToHKHM-b BoroM'b. Si 6h Bee npHHaaB. Ceroiuia a 
Ed ram* rayrrb. 

PaacyacAaa TaKHMB o6pa80MT>, IIIuMap'b no^BOjmji'b noMuin- 
HHKaMii 0A*BaTb h Becra ce6a. Ero Tojiicajra, oht* iuejn*. Ma- 
jieHbKaa apoueccia AoniJia ao BupoTX TiopBMH; oahu ctbupka 
oTKpujiuCb. IIocjibiLuajiiiCb myMHbie KpMKM TOJinu. Bb TyifllUi- 
HbiX'-b, npeApa3CB , feTHHX'b cywepKax r B nJiomaAb Kaaajiacb iepBOio 
on> KHiu'tBuiaro Ha Heji HapoAa. nocpeAHHt ea, Ha uroi&CTOra 
HeG'fe BupacoBbiBajica cHaydTB 3iua<|)0Ta, ct> ero CTOJiCaMH u ai 

BHC'feBLLlHM'B HaMCKOCb KJIHHKOM'B. 

IlIaMapi) 6e3CTpauiHO mejrB BnepeAB w ripoAOJiatajTB ro- 
BopHTb: 

HepeA'b CMepTbio hhkto He JiaceTB. ^a n Kb qej&y? Rj, 
tto ae, 3T0 upaBAa, a oburb rjpecTyiiHHKi>, KaK^ bu jaauBaeTc, 
wiairkfi, ho KJiaHycb BaMi), MoaceTe MH'b noBipnTb, a Cft'feJiaaGJi 
AoOpuMii MajibiMib, coBc'feM'b 6e3BpeAHbiMi>. Bo BpeMA 6ojrfeaiii§ 
a 3a6Hjrb bck) cbok) jkz3hb; a poAHJica bo BTopoii paaij, a bo« 

paBHO, 4T0 y»Ce OHJI^ MepTBUMX. BliJIBia npocTHHE, XOpOIUe* 

bhho, ctcTpHHKa, 6M(J)iUTeKCH TaKT> 3a mhoh yxaacuBaJiH t aru 
MCfla eoBC'feM'B ^lepeA^Jiajio. H caM*B ce6a He yaHaBaji-B; a 6u,ii> 
tohho ApyroH qejioB'feK'B bi> Ton me Koarik. PasB* bu AyMaeru, 
^rro Bac r b HeHaBHAflT'b, o6KpaAWBaR)Tb h yfiHBaiOTB p^ah co6- 
•TBeBHearo yAOBOJibCTBia? HeyxcejiH bh He 3Haexe, ^to axo 
A f 6Jiat*Tca oTToro, hto y qejioBtaa rojioAHoe 6pH)xo m rope ha 
♦epAUii? Bu aaBoAHTe TiopbWH, KaTopaKHKa paCoTBi, rHJibOTHHy, 
MOTOMy ito bh 6oHTecb. CnpaBeAJiHBOCTb! KaKTb 6u ee TaicB! 
Kafin uu 6bijih Ao6pn Aa cupaBeAJiHBH, bh 6h He yoHBajm, a 
jtHii^u jiDAefi. Hy, botb MeHa BHjitHHJiH, roBopio BaMi*. H ce- 
roABa ae a noAJiem>, a bh! He a 3Btpb, a bh! He a yfliHiia^ 



AHAPXHCTT> 



19U 



a mi, bh, bh ytfitfijH! h Tpycn! Xoporao, hto bh MeHfl yfiHBaeie, 
Koraa a nonajn* kt> Bain> bt> pyrcn, noTOMy HTOTenepb HBacb 
yBHajrb, h h 6h y6HJTB BacB, Bcbxi> 6u y6HJn>... 

maMap-L Bomejii> Ha CTyneHbKH 3ina<|>0Ta. Ero KptiiKo 
■psBHBajiH kt> AOCKt, KOTopan KaHHyjiacb. Kor/ja rojioBa ero 
yac© Jieacaaa wb OTBepcrin thjibothhu, om> Hamejrb chjih Kpa- 
KHyTK eme paai>: 

— Bh yCHBaeTe necTHaro HejioBtiea! 

■ owl 6buvb npaB'b. 



Bt MajieHbKOMt ropoflKt. 

1 Knyma TaMcyna. 

(IlepeBOAi> A. H. AHHeHCKOfl). 



KorAa ne hactb cjihhikom'b chjibhuii aohcab, Tor^a ivfcjiya 
He^'fejiK) ch yTpa ao ho<ih pa3AaK)TCfl cb KopafiejiBHoii Bepijm 
rpoMKie, 3ByHHhie y^apH mojiotkob-b no aaKjienKaMt h rB03A«Mi». 
9to eAHflCTBeHHHfl 3ByKT>, KOTopuft cxumewb bo BceMt ropoAfc 

B BT> Ka3*CaOMT> flOM*. 

Hami. ropoAT* MaJieHBKoe MHpHoe MfccTerao, chokohho koh- 
cepBaTHBHoe rHiBAuniKO cb ccmbhmh KanHTaHOB'B, cb boaoh- 

HHMt 3aBOAOMT> H CB IjepKOBBK). HoHHBIM'B CTOpOHCaM'B SR^C-h UBJIO 

pafioTu. Apaicaxi* hjih Hapymemax'B hohhoh Tiiumubi sxhcx* 
TaKX ptAKO roBOpHTB, hto bc6 nprfe3HCie Aaace yAUBJifliOTCH. 
Ecjih KaKofi-HH6yAB MaTpocB hjih nyTeiuecTByiomiH noAMacTepBu 
AO Toro pa3BecejiHTca, hto BeqepoMT> 3aTflHerB nfcceHicy hjih 
npoeaHecerB GpaHHoe cjiobo, to TaiCB h KaaceTCH 6yAT0 ropoA- 
CKaa THinnaa CAaBJiHBaerB ero tojiocb. H ropoACKie cropoata 
cnoKoneo npoxoAflT'B mhmo, Aaace He noBopa^HBaa rojioBH, raKi 
mwb 3to BOBce He HyaeHo. 

HoqbKj BecB ropoAT> chhtb; hhkto He* cTpaAaerB 6e3COHHH- 
qeHj hhkto He KyTHTB. BeqepoMT) cropoaca BCTpi^aioTCH Ha Mas- 
peJiBHOiTb pMHRi. Ct> 9Toro nyHKTa ohh Ha^HHaiorB cboh q6xoa*b. 

OflH 3AOpOBaK)TCH, H^CKOJIBKO MHHyrB XOAHTB BM-feCT* B3a#B H 

BnepeA'B, caAHTca OTAOXHyTB, 3acBinaH)rB, HeMHOJKKO Kyprn-B, 

OHATB XOAHTB BSaA* H BHepeA'B H TaiCB npOBOAHTB BCK) HOIB, 

Ohh BHaiorB KaatAard qejiOBtKa, acHBymaro bt> ropoA*, h Kaac- 
AHfi ^ejioBiiCB 3HaeT"B hxt>. Ecjih KT0-HH6yAB mi> noTreeHUX'b 
ofibiBaiejiefi HAerB no yjiHijii BeqepoM'B, no3Hee ofiHKHOBeHaaro, 

HO'IJlIJe CTOpOJKa BHaiOTB, HTO OHT> BOSBpailjaeTCfl AOMOfl CB m- 
KHXB-HH6yAB KpeCTHHl), HJIH CB MyJKCKOft BenepHHKH. A ewm 

CJiy^HTca, tto AByxKOJiecHaa ropoACKan noHTOBaa KapeTa npo- 

tAeTli MHMO HHXT> TeMHOH) HO^BK), H OHH BaM^THTB B*h HOfi 

aceHCKyio cjmrypy bt> KaniomoH'k h MyaeHHHy c3aAH Hea, hoi- 



Bl> MAJIEHLKOM-b ropo***. 201 

sue cTopoaca noHHMaroTb, bt> nem* aIwio. Ohh cxoahtch, ne- 
pemenTHBaiOTca, KHBaiorB apyrb Apyry, tohho ah* cnjieTHMju 
8a Ko$e, h otjihiho noHHMa»rb oahht> Apyroro. Pobho BT> 
mecTb HacoBt yTpa KaacAHft CTopoarb HaapaBJiaeTca cBoeftAo- 
porofi ffOMofi h pacnpocTpaHaerb bo bc&xT) AOMaxi>, ta* jiioah 
yme BCTaJiH, H3BtcTie, hto noBHBajibHaa 6a6ica npoixajia Asa 
iaca TOMy HaaaA'b no ropoAy, h hto cynpyra KanHTaHa Ta6piejiB- 
ceHa poAHJia pefieHKa, Bi> ropoAKt hm^iotch KpoMt Toro aboc 
xpoMuxx nopTHHXt, oahht> HHmitf, ApMia CnaceHin, napoxoA- 
Haa Ha6epeacHaa, TaMoacHa h c6eperaTejibHaa Kacca. Bee Kaicb 
cortAyeT'B. B-b cepeAHH* ropoAa HaxoAHTca w co6pame", aTeHe- 
yiit h KJiy6i>, KyAa cxoaatch otuh ropoAa hto6h HHTara 
^HoBiMinin HsBicria" hjih w yTpeHHijft JlacToieb". y Hac*b b*b 
ropoA* jiioah He HHTaroTi) ao nepeyTOMJieHia h ao 6e3CHJiia; 
KHHronpoAaBen.'b npoAaerb BceB03M0»HHa Bema, Ha'iHHaa ct> 
rpe6eHOKT> h iijihtok'b nioKOJiaAa, ao y c ie6HHK0BT> a cfiop- 
hhkob'l nponoBtAen. roBoparb, oahht> H3*b o6uBaTejieH bt> mo- 
jtoaocth nponejrb cb Hanajia ao KOHija „IIeAepa Ilaapca", ho 

CB BTHMTb HeJIOB'feKOM'L BHIHJIO nJIOXO: 0HT> OCTaJICH CTapNMt 

xojiocTAKOM'b, cA^JiaJica Bopoirb h KpoM* Toro HeMHOMCKo cy- 
Mac6poAHHMT>. Ero BOByTt TeaHecb Ojiafi. Hhkto He 3Haerb, 
Yiurb acHBerb TgHHecb Ojiafi; ho^ bt> oC-feAeHHoe BpeMH OH*b hh- 
KorAa He 6uBaerb Ha yjiHU,*; HaBtpHo ace ohtj Hlwb-HHtfyAb 
HHTaeTca B"b CBoefl CTapon, npeciapofl KOMHarfc, ta* oht> aca- 

BeTl> 3HMy H JTfeTO OAHH'b, HeMBB^CTHO KafCb. Owb Hefiojibinoro 

pocTa, ci> pHaceBaTo-eiJiOKypMMH BOjiocaMH h fiopoAOH, Ha- 
pyatHOCTb HeBapaHHaa, a bt> nocjrfeAHee BpeMa cTaji'b HictcojibKo 
TOJicriTb. Oirb AepatHTca BcerAa cnoicoiiHo, Bee A'kJiaerb o6Ay- 
MaHHO h CKJioHaerb rojiOBy HeMHoacico aa Cokb, hto npoaexo- 
AHTb otb ero Ha^HTaHHOCTH n rjiy6oKOMHCJiia. TaKi> KaKT> oht> 
BHaerb Becb ropoAT>, to oH'b c^HTaerb CBoeio 06a3aHH0CTbK) 
bc^mt> KJiaHaTtca; 6ojibinHHCTBO o6uBaTejieM oTB'feqaeT'b Ha ero 
hokjiohh, ho KOHcyjii) TOJibKO irpHKJiaAHBaeTb yKa3aTejibHHfi 
;najiem> ki> injiant. 9tott> T^HHecb Ojiafi nojib3yeTca, Bnpo- 
TOifb, H'feKOTopHM'b yBaacemeM'b cpeAH npocTonapoAba. IIpocTue 
pu6aKH h nopTOBHe pafioHie c^HTarorb 3a necTb HasuBaTb epo 
CBOHM*b ^TOBapameMTb". Ohh AyMarorb, hto TSHHecb Ojiafi sa- 
pa6aTHBaerL cefit nponHTaHie TaaHCTBeHHHM'b cnoc©6oM-b, ajih 
KOToparo Tpe6yeTca yMHaa rojioBa; ohh AyMaiorb, hto ohi> 
Hoprb. Hhkto HHKorAa He BHAajrb ero 3a pa6oTOH, a owl »h- 
Berb h Tojicrberb; 3T0 He BcaKOMy yAaeTca. 

HO TftHHeCb OjiaH He 6MJI*b HOpTOMB BI> 3T0MT> cmhcji*. 

BAHHCTBeHHoe cBepxi>-ecTecTBeHHoe, hto ohtb, noacajiyH, Aony- 
CKajii> B'b ceOt, 6hjio ero cbo^ctbo jxeah h HOHb 6poAHTb no 
•ropoAy OAHOBpeMeHHo bt> paaHMXT* M'bcTax'b. 

Ecjih npocHnaacb yTpoMT>, acHTejia He cjiHHiarb co cto- 



101 ttBVTb lAMCyHT*. 

poHM Bep(f)n eflUHCTBeirearo 3ByKa, HanojiHaiomaro ropoAT* ■ 

npH TOMT) BHAHTb, ^TO Htrb HOHCHH, OHH ZHdiJOTb, 4TO He^tjIJl 

MponiJia, ^to HacTajio BocicpeceHbe. Tor^a ohh napaacaiOTCH ■ 

■AyTB BT> IjepKOBb. 

Bi> uepnoBb Beaerb H3BHJiHCTaa necnanaa gopora, noAHW- 
MaiomaHCH na npuropoicB. MHoro hopl inarajio do stoh ao- 
port, Taacejiua cTynHH MopaKOB-b npeBpaTHJin MejiKie KaMeuiH 
wb necoKT>. H necoicb noAHHMaeica npn MajitfluieMt AjHOBeaii 
B^TepKa. He cMOTpa Ha 9T0, aceHa KanwTaHa AHAepceua, meH- 
mHHa cocmaTejibHaa, coxpaHHJia MOAy cbohx'b K>HHx*b jrfeT-b ■ 
•ce enje Hocurb njiaTbe co uuien^oM-b; mohcho ce6t npeAcra- 
•HTb, KaniH o6jiaKa nujin OHa noAHHMaerb, Korjia tmerb m* 
i^epKOBb! MHorie npoKJinHarorb ee aa 3T0. 

MojioAwa .ntByinKH HAyrb bt> CB^TJibixt njiaTbaxi>, fltei- 
hjhhh bt> TeMHux'b. Hnen> IeHceHT>, KOTopuft cjiyacnrb y ftyniia 
Bepra, MAerb anTeopb h OjibceHT* H3b TaMoaceHHaro b^aom- 
CTBa. Halt's (|>oTorpa(j)b Poaeirb, y KOToparo Bcero oAiia Eora 

H KOTOpHH BO BCK) aCH3Hb He MOrb yCTpOHTbCH KaKt CJTkjiyerb. 

BHiue Bctx'b Gburb KOHcy*n>, KOTopuii Toace HAeTT> bt> ijep- 
KOBb. y Hero TeMHwe BOJioca h oht> Bcer^a hochtx uBtTOK* 
wb neTJTHHK-fe, xoTa y Hero yace Tpoe BspocJiHX'b A^ieti— cra- 

PHH rptaOBOAHHK^! 

KanHTaHU o6i*KHOBeHHo cxoAaica Barkcrfe h H^yrb Ky t ncoft t 
KaKT> t%, KOToptie TOJibKo ^to BepHyjincb h3t> nyxeniecTBla, 
TaK*B h t% KOTopKe HaBceraa pacnpomajiHCb cb MopeMb, y 

HHX'b 3arop-bJIH,H MOpiUHHHCTHil JIHI^a, OHH BCfe MyaMHHH ILHOT- 

Hbie, h iuaraK)T r b tohho JioniaAH, KOTopbiMT* npaxoAHTcn TamHTb 
raatecTH; ho roBoparb ohh Bcer^a Becejio h HMlHorb fieaaa- 

60THHH BHfl'b. 

rtoTOMT) HacTaerb nocji'bo6'fe^eHHoe BpeMa. Karcoif-HHtfyAfe 
Mopaicb npHrjiaciiT'b Apyroro noTreHnaro MopaKa noryjiaTb 
BMtcT'b Ha HafiepeacHOH okojio TaMoaceHx. CiOAa B-b kohit& 
kohuobt> Bcfe co6npaK)TCH. 06pa3yK)TCH rpynnn, pacxoAaTGA t 
onaTb cocTaBjiaioTca, jiioah nepexoAarb orb oahoh Kb Apyrol 
h 6oJiTaK)T'b apyrb ct> ApyroMi>. Pa3roBopi> HAeTi> Maspejia; 
o .CBtacefi MaKpejiH, o MaKpejiH cojieHOH, o KomeHofi n MapHao- 
BaHHofl MaKpejiH. IlpeHia o MaKpejiH c^HTaioTca BnojiH-fe yAa 1 ?- 
hhmh, ecjiH ohh KOHqaiOTca ki> HiecTH HacaMV, HO eCJIH Kfe 
»TOMy BpeMeHH cnopamie He npuayrb ki> corjiameHim, npeHLa 
see paBHO npepHBaioTca. IlapoxoAHbiM cbhctokt> &h ^iopA* 
cjiyacHTb cHrHajioMTj; h ct> 3toh MHHyTH hhkto Sojibine ee 

Hp0H3H0CHTT> CJIOBa MaKpejIb. 

IIoqTOBbiM napoxoAT>, cHJibHo KaHaacb, npHfiJiHacaercs h^ 
ropo^y. Bcb cntruarb Ha napoxoAHyio Ha6epeacHyK>: mfttTt 
^acoBT> — BaacHUH MOMeHT'b AJia atHTejien ropoAKa. JI(0A« wa 
icocTUJiax'b KOBHJiHrorb kt> npncTaHH, TyAa me Beayrh JfiOAeft 



H'b MAJUfiHLKOM'L rui'OjW*. 2<W 

b* Kpecjiax*i>. H^eTwpe T iejioB'fcica ctohtb HaroTOBli, hto6h 
■OAXBaTHTS KaHart; nojiAroacHHbi MOJiOAeHbKHX'b CapbimeH'* 

•06paJTHCb, qT06hI 6p0CHTb OflHO IIHCbMO BT> nOHTOBHH flmHKl) 

ita napoxoA*. JEenu MopflKOBi> npiiinjiu tojiiioh nocMOTpiiTb, 
h* nprfexajrb jih bt> ropofl-b cTpaHCTByiomift npnKa3HHK f b Ka- 
Koro-Hn6yAb ToproBaro AOMa hjih KaKoii-HiiCyAb nyTeuiecTByio- 
njfi no,nMacTepbe. ApMifl Cnacema eTonrb Tyrb ace ct> Kpac- 
auiiH 3Ha<ncaMii, ct> BOHHCTBeHHHMH B03rjiacaMU, cb Gojimiihmh 
•6T>flBJieHiflMn; KaacAO*iy cyiorb bt> pyicy JiHCTOK'b, Ha koto- 
peira KpynHMMH 6yKBaMH HanewraHO: „Eo«Jibinoe MOJiHTBeHHoe 
s yBecejiHTejibiioe co6paHie wb x i% 7-ro qaca. T. OjibceH'b, Ka- 
MfiTb, A. C. Toprecein>, Maiopt. NB. TojoBbca ABHTbca Ha cyAi* 
BoaciH". Ha napoxoA* pa3Aajica nepsufl 3BOHOicb h BCKopI* 
aocjit aToro btopoh. OAHa ono3flaBuias[ 6apuHfl, KOTopoa Toace 
xo^eTca nocMOTptTb, CiacHTb no Ha6epeacH0H, npnAepacHBafl 
wiaTte o61iiiMn pyicaMH. 

— Bbi xoTHTe 'bxaTb?— cnpaiHHBaerB nrrypMaH'b cb 6yr- 
BapjBTa napoxoAa. 

— Htrb, — oTB^Haerb oHa 3aAHxa,acb. ' 
OHa xonerb TOJibKO npacyTCTBOBaTb npn TopxcecTB*, icaK-b 

s bc* npoqie. GnaBa Bory, OHa BceTaKH npnuuia bo BpeMa h 
b«ahtt>, KaKT>. c*b napoxoAa BHrpy3HJiM ABa amnica iiHBa una 

rOCTHHHHUbl. 

Pa3AaeTCH TpeTifi 3bohokb, cxoahh cHHMaiorb n ManiHHa 
HaiHHaerb pa6oTaTb. 

Tojina pacxoAHTCH; OHa Bee BH^tjia cbohmh rjiasaMH h Te- 
■apb B03Bpam;aeTCH bt> ropoAT> OTA'feJibHHMH KyqtcaMH. Bnpo- 
newb, rfe, Koro 3to oco6eHHo HHTepecyerb, cjrfeAyiorb 3a iiohto- 
bojS cyMKofi; mojioahh AaMbi, KOTopwa oauiAarorb niicearb, 
racnoAa, KOTopbiwb Hykua „3an'aAHaa ra3eTa a . Hepes^ T mcb 
BcaKifl nojiyqaerb oacflAaeMbia B'fccTH, qepes'b nacb HeTepnfeHia 
a o»HAaHbi, HaAe3KAi>H acejiamn. Sarfearb bc* 3aHHTepecoBaH- 
Hfcie pacxoAflTca no AOMaM'b. 

nocjrfe ymHHa iKmeHHbie otuu ropo^a OTnpaBJiaiDTCfl bt> 
to<5paHie, hto6u He Toponacb npoqecTb hobhh ra3eTH. 

TaKi> npoxoAHTT> bt> ropoAKt BOCKpeceHbe. dojib 3Ke cno- 

KOtiHO H MHpHO IipOXOAHT'b HOHeA'feJIbHHK'b, H TaKHCe HeaaM^TH* 

loiHyerb oahhT) M-bcflivb 3a ApyrHM'b. 

Ho BApyn> HadaJiH yacacHue toam, KOTopHe noTpacnn ro- 
pofflOKT* ao caMaro ocHOBaHia. He3bi6jieM0H ocTaJiacb TOJibKO 
WpKOBb, Aa eme KaKia-HH6yAb ab*, TpH Bema. 



JX'hJio Haiajiocb cb nycraKa, h Taicb ecTecTBeHHo, KaK*b 

TO^bKO B03M0XCHO. <J>OTOrpa(|) , B PoBeHT*, ^eJIOB'feK'b o6*b oahoh 

Hort, KOTopHfi HHKaK'b He Mon> nopflAorao rrpncTpoHTbca, no- 



204 KHyrb rAMcy^. 

B'bCHJICH. Offb IIOCTOHHHO nepe^dHCaJTb CT> OAHOft KBapTH[J!J u». 

Apyryio, HHrA* He mopb HaAoaro nocejiHTbca, noToaiy qto bcdaj 
Aoaacaai>; hotom'b owb 3aaoHcaai> Bcfc cboh anaaparu a upo- 

JKHJTb HXT>. A 3aTfeMT> HOBtCHJICa. Ho paHbme 3T0PO OHl 

ycalurb nocsaTaTbca; ero HeBtda 6tiaa Aoiepbio aaBO'miiKa 
h noTOMy HOCHJia maanKy h sohthk-b, h craiaaa cefis mojio- 
Aoro 6apbiniHeio, xoTa eft 6uao Ooabine TpaAUaTH afrrb, Xo- 
Ahjih cjiyxH, ^to OHa He paax noMoraaa cBoeaiy <|>oTorpaif>y, 
npa ero AeHeacHUX'b saTpyAHeHiax'b, Taccb hto B-bKonqfe kohi^ob^ 
y nea caMoft noaTH miaero He ocTajiocb. Ho Apyria Heaauy:*- 
Hita oco6h ea a-frrb, yTBepscAaaa, hto eft noAbaoarb! Ha ito 
OHa bt> cymHocTH paBCTHTUBaaa? Ohh Aomaa Aaace ao Toro, 
hto yB^paaa, 6yATO HecHacTHuft (JwTorpaiJrb noB-bcaaca, Hiofiti 
H36aBHTbca orb aceHHTb6u. BtAb oht> 6uai> o6pa30BaHHutf ae- 
raynuft aeaoBiK*, oht> noHHMajn>, hto ero oatHAaao* 

npoacniecTBie cb $OTorpa$oNTb PoaeHoarb, oTpaaajiocb a 
Ha TaM0HceHH0MT> OJibceafc. OabceH'b, npaBAa, He noBtcuaca, 
ho cb hhmt> cayqnaocb Hecaacrie, KOTopoe noBaiaao aa bck> 
ero JKH3Hb. Taicb BcerAa 6biBaerb, KorAa jiioah HHBKaro ssaHia 
h npoacxoacAeHia MiTarb caaniKOM'b bhcoko. Oabceirb nocar- 
Hyjrb Ha TaMoaceHayio Kaccy; 6nao Aoicasaao, hto oet> hoxh- 
THa"b okojio Tpexi> corb KpoHT*. OaeHb MHorie npeABHAfeJiti, hto 
oht> AoCpoMi* He KOHHHTb. TaMoaceHHufi OabceH'b iipuaaAJie- 
acaai) Kb aacay aioAeft, KOToptie, Kairb ToabKO HaaHerca Becaa, 
HenpeM^HHo meroaaiorb wb Ctaoft coaoMeHHofi manuis a bt> 
cBiTaoM'b koctjom*. Hh y Koro bt> ropoA* He TopqaJii Tairb 
^acTO kohhhk!) meaKOBaro naaTKa H3i> KapMaHa, hhkto hc 
H0CHaT> TaKofi H3^iu,Hoft TpocTOHKH KaKi> OabceH'b. A MeacAy 
TtM^ bc6 3Haan ero MaTb, fitAHyjo BAOBy, KOTopaa ateaa wb 
CBoea xaacHHt cthpkoh 6taba h ^hctkoh naaTba, a& bi> 
npa3AHHHHMe ahh noMoraaa npacayi^b y pa3«HXT > rocaoAb. 
A MeatAy TtMT> OabceH'b He xoT^-b hh bt> neM-b OTCTasaTb 
ott> ApyraxTb hhhobhhkobT); 0H*b nepea-b 4 )OTor P a( J >a Po3^h& 
cTapaaca boAth bt> KOMnaHiro cb aioAbMH, y KOTopuxij fibiaa 
Haaa^Hbia AeHbra, h Aaa Hrpii- bi> Reran h Aaa naea, h Aaa 
aceaTbixi* a^THHX'b fioTHHOK'b. ,ZJa, KOHeqHO, bto Aoafflao 6ujio 
naoxo KOH^HTbca. OabceHy 0TKa3aan orb M*cTa bt> TaiioiKHt. 

no BceMy ropoAy nouian cnaeTHH h nepecyAH. BeproBCtcifi 
npHKa3HHK'b IeHceH-b co^HHHa'b He6oabnioe craxoTBopeHie o&b 
bthxt* AByx*b npoHcmecTBiaxT>. Ho Tyrb bx A'feao Bn*hraaaca 
KOHcya*b. roBopaaa, hto KOHcyai) BecbMa HeoAo6pHTeatno oto- 
3Baaca o cTHxaxT> IeHceHa, xoth leHceHT* cayacHa*b He y aero, 
a y Kynua Bepra. KoHcyaii npaMO cKa3aai>, hto $oTorpa$t 
Posemb, h TaMoaceHHMft OabceH'b, fitum eAHHCTBeHHHMH conep- 
HHKaMH IeHceHa, a pa3*b bto, roBopHa^ Koacya-b, to stem* act 
finao CKaaaHo. BcaiACTBie 3Toro, BeproBCKift IeHceH'b ae cxaa^ 



BT> MAlEHbKOMt rOPOAK*. 205* 

CTHTETbCH nOCJl'fe CBOerO CTHXOTBOpeHiH BeJIHKHlTB nHcaTejieirb; 

vbvb, coBepmeHHO HaofioporB. 

3arbMT> nouuin pasroBopu o mojioaoA sceni* KannTaHa 
BaJiJiepTceHa, ^to ee bt> nocjiiAHee Bpewa Karcb-To n&rjxb He 
iH^aTb. 

Bt> cymHOCTH, eft He 6hjio HHKaicoro ocofieHHaro ocHOBama 
noRaauBaTbca Tyrb hjih Taarb; ho KaacAOMy nejioBtKy npuxo- 
AHTca A*JiaTb noKyuKH b*l Mara3HHaxi>, 6biBa*rb wb 6yjio<moft, 
vh KpyacKi cbohxi> Apyseft, nejibBa ace npepBaTb Bcaicoe cho- 
meHie <rb ropoAOMi! Ojia(J>a BojuiepTcenb cHA&na Aona. Hto ace 
OHa Tairb TaKoe A*aajia? 

9to Cwjia KpacHBan, MOJioAaa acemnHHa, BtiineAtnaa aaMyatv 
Tpn roaa TOMy Haaajn>; MyacB en ABa rojia He 6bun> AOMa; 
oht> ynpaBJitfjn> oahhmt> h3*l napoxoAOB-b KOHcyjia, h orapa- 
bhjich bt> flajibHee miaBanbe. y hhxt> 6hjtb petfeHorcb. /JoBOJib- 

CTBO H OnpjlTHOCTb UapMJIM BT> MaJieHbKOM'B AOMHK* C1> p03aMH 

Ha okh*, h HHKOMy He Morao npajiTM b*b roJiOBy, hto TaM'b 
He Bee b*b nopaAK*. AiBo^Ka-noApocTOKTb, cjiyacHBtnaa bv 
AOM*, He sawferajia, hto-6h Ojiacjm .cnacajiacb", hjih hto 6h 
OHa npucoeflHHHJiacb Kb Aparia Cnacema. BapoqeM-b, OHa bo- 
ofinie Majio roBopajia h cropo»HJi^cb Beix'b. 

TaK-b nponuio HicicojibKo HejitJib. BoroAa croajia Tenjiaa 
i MaKpejib otjimhho jioBHJiacb; ho Ha Mopt 6ymeBajia CHJibHaa 
6ypa. OAHaHC^H yrpowb ABoe jioijMaHOB'b bbcjih bt> 6yxTy Ha 
OyKCHpt TpeKMaqTOBoe cyAHo, KOTopoe ohh HauuiH Aajieno bt> 
nop*, okojio Maaica. Oho 6hjio ocTaBJieHO SKHnaaceM-b, hoch- 
aocb Ha BOJiHax-b u CKopo* aojihcho 6hjio norw6HyTb. KaKoe 
6<wibnioe BejiHROjiiriHoe cyAHo! Kor^a oho ctohjio, noKa^HBaacb 
B-b fiyxrfe, Ha Hero Hejibaa 6ujio He jnofioBaTbca. 

MoJioAeHbKan 8jibsa nonuia ryjiaTb c*b HicKOJibKHMH no- 
jjpyraMw, h nepBaa aaMtrajia ero. 

— CMOTpnTe-Ka, CMOTpBTe!— BCKpH^ajia OHa, h noicasajia Ha 
cyflHo. OHa cpaay saM-frrujia, hto bto HHocTpaHHoe cyAHo, hto 
oho He npHHaflJieacHrb HHKOMy H3*b ropoACKHx-b.— Ohh Hanura 
ero ceroAHa HOHbio,-npH6aBHJia OHa.— ByAeT-b npHa-b 3a cna- 
ceHie Kopa6jia! 

IIoApyrH corjiacHjiHCb, ^ro OHa npaBa. — OroHb AtBymKaf 
Bce-TO OHa noHHMaen>, xoth en^e oqeHb MojioAa. 

— BoflAeM-b, pascKaaceM-b xceHaM'b JioiwaHOB-b, Ao^poAymno 
npeAJioacMJia Djibaa.— CKaateM-b hmt>, hto 6yAeTb HarpaAa. 

H oh* nomjiH. 

9^b3a TaK-b ropAHJiacb, tohho OHa caaia npHraajia cyAHo. 
OHa oieHb Ba»HHHajia nepeAi noApyraMH m npHAVMbiBajia 
mbu-b 6h en^e OTJiHHMTbca. 

— 3HaeTe,— Ha4ajia OHa,— y BeproBCKaro IeHceHa Ha ho- 
ihx«b naHTajioHax'b hhtho orb MacjiaHoft KpacKH. 



206 re fTb TAMcyHX. 

Axi), Tenepb yaeb 6wjio cobc6\tb He HHTepecHo no^cifki- 
BaTbca Haj^'B IeHcenoMT), Kor.ua KOHcyjix ocy#HJTb erol 

— 9ro, MoacerB 6utb, h HenpaBjea! 

— Pa3Bi bh He BHaeTe? Ilo aiwiOM'b eMy, 3a<rfeMi> Baawn- 
Haen>! 

— Xa, xa, xa, norfcxa! 

— Bh, noaeajiyfi, Toace He 3HaeTe, hto Ojia^a BojuiepTMK 
TaKaa? 

— KaKaa, TaKaa? 

— TaKaa!— H 8jib3a BHCTaBHia bchbotb Bnepeat. 
IIoApyrH bt> yacacfe BcruiecHyjia pyna^H h bockjwk- 

Hyjin. 

— Hfcrb, Focno^ii noMHJiyfl, 9to HaBipno HenpaB^a! 
Ho 3jib3a cjiuuiajia bto 3a BfcpHoe. 

— ,3,a B'feab yace flBa ro.ua KaKi) BojuiepTceHT* yixajrB, btop« 
He Moacerb 6biTb! » 

— XoTHTe BipbTe, xoTHTe Htrb, ho ne aa6yAbTe, hto a Bara 
•to roBopn-ia! 

Mojioauh A'feByuiKH He BnojiHi noHH^ajiH, b^ newb #&«©; 
oH'fe BHaJiH TOJibKo, hto ecjra OTei^Ti yix^jrb ABa roAa Tcary 
Ha3afli>, to y Hero He Moaeerb ponHTbca pe6eH0K'b. 9jib3a To*e 
He Moraa HHHero od-bHCHHTb mn>, xoth eft oneHb xot&iioc* n#- 
Ka3aTb ce6a yMHoii. 

Orb jiouMaHOB-b MOJioflbia ^iByniKH nomjiH npaMo Ha aa- 
6epeacHyio; pa36aTuft Kopafijib 6buib npHHajieHT> Kb fiepery , 
paacHaiueH'b, Bo.ua #3^ Hero BbiKaneHa, h oht> aepaeajica Ha 

BOJIHaXT>. 

KoHcyjn> HBHJica ocMOTp^Tb ero. Becb ropoftb cofipaaea 
Ha Ha6epe3KHyio h rjiaA'&ji'B, hto Cy^erB fliuiaTb KOHcyjn>. H4- 
eKOJibKO rjiynuxTb aiBafCb 3aropo#HJiH eMy aopory, ^ oht> b*»- 
jihbo nonpocmrb, hto6h ohh #ajiH eMy npofiTH. 

Offb nieJIT> B&5KH0 CO CBOHMH HepHfelMCT BOJIOCaMH, B'bCB'iT- 
XQWb KOCTIOMt, CB I^B'feTKOM'B BT> HeTJIHqKt. Ilo^'b MbUHKOft 

oH'b Hecb fiojibiuyio naiiKy ci> 6yMaraMn. Oht> ocMOTplurb Bee 
cyAHo pBepxy rq HH3y, BHCJiyinajrb aoKJiaAT) JioijMaHOB'B, 3a- 
nacaji-b Bee, hto BHA'feJi'b, a TaKHce bc6 oficToaTejibCTBa, nepe- 
saHHbia eMy jiou,MaHaM;L O^Horo He.ioBtKa, CTOHBmaro Ha Ha- 
6epeacH0H bi> TOJint 3pHTejieft, noaBajia Ha cy^HO, hto6h Aep- 
xcaTb HepHHJibHMny ajih KOHcyjia, KOTopun Bcro^y xoahjix « 
3anncHBaji r b... 

YfliiBiiTejibHo 6hjio, hto b'b 9T0M-b roji;y He npoxojuuw 
hohth hh oAHoro Mtcaij,a 6e3i> KaKoro HH6y^b xotk MaaeKb- 
Karo npoHcuiecTBia. IIuSKap-b y yiHTejia 9jiiacceHa, noHHTHO, 
HeJiL3a 6ujio ne na3BaTb nponcHiecTBieM'b, B*»a;b Tarn n Beimt, 
He BcaKia A^Hb cJiynaiOTCtf. 

3,oOpHH BjiiacceH'b! IlpoBHutHie, HecoMHtHHo, upHiuJio eny 



BT> MAjEHblfcOMTb rOPOflKfc. tOT 

Ha noMoiub: He, 6ojrfee roAa TOMy Haaajj'b oht> sacTpaxoBajonb 
wb Kpynnyio cyMMy aomt>, xoaaMCTBeBHwa nocTpoHKH h ao- 
MainHioK) yTBapb, h botb Bee crop'fejio. Y^HTejib SjiiacceH* 
6hjii> bt> to ace BpeMa KaccnpT> „Co6paHia" h bt> noacapfc cro- 
piJia Bca Kacca „KJiy6a". 9to 6tun> eAHHCTBeHHHH yfibiTOKt; 
atcKOJiBKo cott> Kpom> norn6jiH hh 3a hto, hh npo hto. Ha 
#6meM?» cofipaHia HjieHOB'b KJiy6a, npeAJioaceHo 6njio He Tpe- 
6oBaTb cb KaccHpa crop^BoiiH AeHbrn, ho 9jiiacceHi> BCTajnb 
h 3aHBHJH> pacTporaHHHMi> TOJIOCOMT>, HTO cKopte OHT> H acera, 
oro, h Bet ero MaJieHbKia a^ta 6yAyTT> xoAHTb tojihimh, ho 
owb He aaaepacHTL hh oahoh KonMKH KJiyeHHxi) AeHerb. ,Co- 
4>pame tt cAtaajio eMy necTb, ii36pajio ero Ha 3Ty 0TB r bTCTBeHHy» 

JWJIHCHOCTb, H OHX 3HaeTT> CBOH flOJinb. 

TorAa nopbiBB OAynieBJiema oxBaTHJTb ^JienoBt KJiy6a; oh 
•HiwiajiH ciwiaA^HHy h coCpajin 200 KpoHTb Ha noKynKy Me6ejui 
Ma yHHTeJia 9jiiaccena. 

* 

HacTaJia oceHb, HenoroAa, TeMHbia hohh. #Boe HoqHux'b cto- 
peacea BCTptnaiOTca Ha 6a3apt. Ohh 3AopoBaK)Tca, HfccKOJibico 
HHHyrb pa3roBapHBaiorb, H^CKOJibKO MHHyn> pacxaKHBaiOTb no 
yraivfe. Ctohtb Ho^b, TeMHaa hohb, (J)0Hapb nepeA'B tocthhh- 
nefl paenpocTpaHneT'b TycKJiHH cBirb. BApyrb 0AHffb H3B cto- 
po»efl XBaTaerb cBoero TOBapnma 3a pyicy h Kpinico aepacHTb 
ero. Ohh 06a croarb h rJiaAarb... 

HpoHCXOAHTb h4hto yAHBHTejibHoe: TOHHecb Ojiaa HAerb 
cbohmt> 06HHHHMI) cnoKOMHHMT> inaroM'b no yjum* h BApyr* 
bxoahtb no JitcTHHUi'fe bt> KOHTopy KOHcyjia. Ho BtAb Tenep* 
Hoib! Bsohah Ha jiicTHHuy, ohi> Ha MHnyTy ocTaHaBJiHBaeTca, 
eKjioHaeTB rojioBy ejierica Ha fioicb, — yaa> cjihihkom'b MHoro 
MHCJieH aaHMMaiOTt ero,— h cropoaca totobh noAOflra h crrpo- 
«HTb y Hero, wo eMy HyacHo, ho Tyrb ohh BHAarb, hto koh- 
«yjn> caMi> OTKpuBaerb ABepb Toimecy, Ojianio. Yace naraaA- 
na*n> airb t-Teperyrb ohh ropoAi> h HHKorAa He BHAajiH hh- 
iero noAofiHaro! Ohh ocTaiOTca Ha Mtcrfe, KaKi> oKaMeH^Jiue. 

TOHHecb Ojian Booiejn> THxoHbKO h acAaJn>, nona KOHcyjit 
BOBepHerb kjuoh'b bt> saMK*. Ero npoBejra bb 3aAHK)H) KOMHa- 
Ty kohtoph. SA^cb Toace ABepb 6biJia njiorao h KpinKO 3a- 
nepTa. 

— He ctohtt> saacHraTb CBfcrb,— cKaaaJi'b kohcvjib. — OoHapb 
rocTHHHUW HeMHoacKo 0CB&maeTT> Hacb. Ho caA^Tecb, caAH- 
Tecb CH)Aa! 

TOHHecb Ojiaii tio^THTejibHo cfejiB Ha KpanqHRB CTyjia. 

— TaKi> Borb ^to a xorb-YB cKa3aTb BaMT>, — nporoBopmit 
KOHcyjit. — Bbi, BnpoqeMB, m cajtfH 3HaeTe. Bh BCiOAy xoahtg 
no HoqaM'b. Bw MeHa BHAaJia pa3B umi ABa, HenpaBAa jih? 
€kojibko pa3T> BMAaJiH bh MeHfl? 



208 KHyre> rAMcyHi>. 

— CeMB pa8T>, TOCnOAHH'L KOHCyJTb. H3BHHHT6 mob aaitli- 

lame. 

KoHcyjit aaKypnjTb cnrapy, ho He npejuiostmrt TosHecy 
OjiaEio 3aKypHTB. 

— Hy, Moacerb 6htb, nycTB CyAerb ceMb t ~OTBl**iajn> oa-b, 
nycKas j\uwl Ha B03Ayxi>.— Ho a HaAtrocb, mto OTHncwTejibH* 
Bcero nponaro mh cl bmvl nojiaAHM*b, moh MHJihiii Hhc**ht>. 

Co6ecfejiHHK , B He noAAaeTca Ha JiiofieaHOCTb m ne ropAHTca 
rhwb, hto KOHcyji-B iiaaHBaerb ero w mhjim6 HnceH'b". 

— TOHHeCB Ojiafi, UpoCTO, rOCnOflUffL KOHCyJI'B, — OTBi^aJTS 
OH*B. 

KoHcyjTB KHBHyjix rojioBofl h BbinycTHJTB aum* cnrapH H» 

B03AyX*b. 

— Xopomo... Th roBppnjrb, hto BHAiwrb, KaicL a BHxoAUJr* 
■3^ ea flOMa. 8to, BO-nepBhiXT>, a bo-btophxt*, th eKaaajTb e6, 
hto a aoJiaceH'b Te6t 3a 8T0 aanJiaraTb. CieojibKo ace th Tpe- 
tfyeuib?— Ob 3THMH caoBaMH om> npeAJiommrb TOtiHecy GmiiD 
carapy, ott> kotopoh Torb OTKaaajica. Oht> HaeTaHBaJii>, ho Toa- 
Hecb ptniHTejibHo He corjianiajica KypHTb. 

— CKOjibKO a TpeOyio?— nporoBOpHJTb oht>, — He anaio, KaKb 
CKasaTb. Mh* HeMHoro HyacHo npn Moefi 6*jihoh sku3hij. Bu 
»to HOHHMaeTe, r. KOHcyji'b. 

— A BCeTaKH, CKOJlbKO HCe. 

— CKOJibKO 6yAerb yroAHo Bamefl mhjiocth, »fe KOHcyJTb, * 
bi> Bamefi BJiacTH. 

— rwb... fla, noacajiyfi, 3to BfcpHO, hto th b^ Moefi BJiaera. 
fl Morb 6h coBcfeMTb HH^ero He AaBaTb Te6* F Toimecb Ojiafi. 
Ho a He jik)6jik), Koraa 060 M«t xoAarb ciureitftf, Koraa na 
iieHa KJieBemyrb, 060 MH4 roBoparb HenpaBAy: a neJioB^KS 
ceMeHHUH. IloaTOMy a xo^y saacaTb Te6i port. Bon ^ero a 
xony. KaaeeTca, acHO. 

TorAa TOuHecb Ojiafi cnpocHjrb noHTHTejibflo* 

— A kto 6yAerb oTiioirb, r. KOHcyji'b? 

— OmoMT>? OHa yacB 3T0 caMa ycTponrb, 

— He Tam>-TO JierKO AJia oahhokoA HteHmHtm ycrpaasaTb 
hoao6hhh Bemn, — BOBpasmrB TOHHecb OjiaiL— flpH&HTe 3io b& 
BHHMaHie, r. KOHcyji'b. 

— Xopomo, ho hto ace th co6cTBeHHo xo^renib cKaaatb? 
TOuHecb Beprfeji'b injiany bt> pyKaxi> h, noBHAHMoay t o6Ay- 

MHBajn>. 

— T. KOHcyji'b Morb 6u BHAaTb MeHa aa OTua, — cKaaajr^ 
owb, HaKOHeui). — KoneqHo, ecjia OHa caMa corjiacHtca HM^Tb 

A*JI0 Cb TaKHM-b HeJlOBtKOMl, KaKT* H. 

KoHcyjrb nptiCTajibHO nocMOTpbjn> Ha Hero rpe.au OKpy^caB- 
men mxi* tcmhoth, h noiyBCTBOBajrb, hto 3to iipeAJioaceHie cna- 
cano ero. 



— H 3cerAa roBopiun>, hto y Te6a 3aMls<{aTeJibHaa rojioBa, 
JiHceHT>. H MHoro pa3ii 3Kejiajii>, tto6h y MeHa 6HJia TBoa ro- 
aoBa, #HceHi>. 

Ho ero co6ec6AHHK r b ocTaBajicn no npe^caeMy xojioahhm'b. 

— MeHa o6uKHOBeHHO He Ha3UBaiOT r b Hucenowb, r. koh- 
cyjii). 9To N Jinni«ee. Mh6 npa KpemeHbH AaHO hmh TOHuect 
Ojiaii. 

— #a, fla, TOHHecx Ojiatf, oqeHb xopoiuo, ho Bce-TaKH a 
^acTo xorfejrB HMiTb tbok) rojioBy. TBoe npeAJToaceHie oneHb 
U'&hho. H xony cKaaaTb, oho Hero-imfijAb a& ctohtb, aa Hero 
momcho aanjiaTHTb, nopaAO^Ho aarijiaTHTb, ^hcthmh AeHbraMH. 
CsojibKO, KaiCB th caM^ AyMaeuib? 

T0HHec r f> Ojiaii noAyMajrb: 

— Tucaqy KpoHT>. 

KoHcyjrb B3AporHy.Tb, tuhho orb y#apa KiiHacajia. 

— TocnoAH noMti.iyM! Th ace 3fcu> 3fiaemb, 4to a HejioB-feicb 
ceMeHHbiM! ToBopii eepbe3H0, Jiio6e3Hiiii! 

— Tncaqy KpoHT>. r. KoHcyjrb! HsBiiHUTe, ecjiH a tto hh- 
6y#L HejioBKO cfcasajTb. 

— 06t 3tomt> He Momerb 6biTb h p'fcqn!-- BcicpifHajrB koh- 
cyanb m rroAnajicH ci> Mf>CTa. Out* b'b pa3AyMbi> CM0Tptjn> bt> 
okho. 3aT'hMi> cHOBa ofipaTHJica kt> Tonuecy n nporoBopHJTb 
pbniHTe:ibHo:— HtT'b, Bb TaKOMb cjiymfe y iiacx % r kjio He CKJie- 
wTca. H3BHHU, x ito a Teoa TaK r b iio3aho no3Bajix. fl HOA'BiiHiy 
ue6% Koro-HH6yAB Apyroro. 

— Tatcb-rb! A hto ace r. KOHcyjrb AyMaerb CA r &JiaTb co 
MHOfi? — cnpociiJi'L TOHHecL Ojiafi, BCTaBaa bt> cbok) oiepeAB. 

— Cl> T060H? ^TO 51 CT> T06OH CA r fejiaK), HOpT'b? — BCKpH^aJlT, 

KOHcyji'B, BHeaariHo aaApoacaBTb orb FH'feBa. — Te6a a 3aBTpa Jice 
BejiH) apecTOBaTb! Iloiueji'h BOH'b! 

Koneyjit OTBopiiJib ABepb h TflHuecb Ojiaii cA'iuiajrb bha'b, 

HTO TOTOBT> yHTH. 

— ri03B0JiLTe Mat BaM'B o6bHCHHTb oAHy Bem,b,— nporo- 
BopHJTb oht>, cMupeHHO npoTarnBaa pyKy. -Jlyquie MeHa r. koh- 
cyjiy HHKoro He HaMTn! 

KoHcyjrb acHo noHHMajn>, hto TfiiraecB Ojiaii npaBb; oht> 
pascepAHJica m noTOMy oTB'fcqajrb: 

— A B03bMy Koro-Ha6yAb Apyroro, a y>Ke cKasaji^, h A'feJiy 
KOHeui)! 

Ho TOHHecB OJian npaB-b, 3to cJiurnKOMi» otobmaho. IIo3TOMy r 

KaK1> TOJIbKO OHT> AOXOAUTb AO ABepeH, KOHCyjIli BTacKHBaerb 

-ero HaaaA'B h caosa 3anHpaeTb ABepb na 3aABHHKy. 06a bos- 
BpamaioTca b-b KOHTopy. 

— Th xorfejrb MtitTfo-To o6 r bacHHTb,— noBejiHTeabHO tobo- 
pHTB,KOHcyjn>.— 06 r bacHH Tenepb :ae\ 

AeKa6pf>. Onrfe/n,. 1. 14 



210 KHVTb TAMCyHL. 

Mto 3HaHHTi) THCHia KpoHT* una 6oraTaro MtviGBtica, — 
roBopurb TOHHecb Ojiaii. 

Hy, #a, a, KOHe^HO, ne hmuuh, ho Te6u bto He Ka- 
uaeTCfl. HoHflTHo, a He cohcbwb jrameH'b seMHbix'b fijiarb, Ha- 
IVkJOCL, M HBKTO 3Toro h He AyMaerb. V 

Hftrb, coxpaHH Bon>! 

- JJa, th nojiaraenib? Ho BceTaKH Tbics4a icpoin>-- H*rb t 

HeBOSMOJKHO. , 

MOKHO 6bl yCTpOHTb /V&JIO OHeHb y£06HHMT> CHOCOOOMTb. 

- Karcb TaKt? IljiaTiiTb no qacTJM'b? HeyaceJiH tli 3to ejffejrb 
noAyMaTB? 

Ilo HacTflMi>l— BCKpHnajiij TflHHee/b Ojiaii.— Hto bw, rocno- 
AMH'b KOHcyjii)! /Ja y6eii MeHfl Bora Ha 3tomt> Micrfe... 

A MH^, KdHCeTCa, TTO TbI HMeHHO 3T0 H AyMajtfb. 

- Hejib3H jih 6h pasA'feJiHTb 3Ty cyMMy nonoJiaM'b? Ha 
;i,Byx h? Ecjih rocnozuiH'b KOHcyjn> oahhi> He Moacerb ee yiuia- 
THTb, oaa Moacerb 4T0-HH6yAb npHfiaBHTb, Taicb cKaaaTb, cjio- 
acnTLCJi ct> rocno^HHOMt KOHcyjioMt. y Hea MHoro jjeHerb. 

ucyjrb cHOBa BCKoqnjii>. 

- Hy, yacB Tenepb yxo/jH! nomejrb boht>! roBopio... nocToii,. 
a Tti ct> Heio yace roBopiurb o6i> 9tomi>? 

TaKx, HeMHoacKO HaMeKHyjii> eu. 
Koncyjib no^yMaJii) ct> MHHyTy h CHOBa cijrb. 

- /Jibio He b*b tomi>, hto a He Mory, — CKasajrb ohx. noMo*u> 
irxorfrrb 9to ue oziHO h to ace. Ecjih a Te6i aanjiany, to 3to 
BCe paBHO, HTO H OTAaJI1> A^H'brH CBOHXt poAHbixt fliTefl... KaKi> 
ona roBopnjia, ckojilko 0Ha Momerb aaTb? 

- OHa He roBopnjia CKOJibKo. Ho oHa bo bc6xi> OTHomeHiHX'b 
,10 Spaa 6apuHa, MM^HTe 3T0 bt> BHAy, rocnoAHH'b KOHcyjiT). 
Ohr uaBtpHO He CTaHerb CKynHTbca. 

- llojiOBHHy,— pl»iHHTejibHo CKa3ajn> KOHcyjix. — He AyMa#, 
<itg a CTaHy ToproBiTbca. Bojibme noJiOBHHbi OHa He AOJHRHa 

DJldTMTb. 

Ha 3T0M1> OHH COHIJIHCb. 

3a Moen iiojiobhhoh Moacenib npnnTH xoTb 3aBTpa, xoTb 
bt> Apyroii ^eHb, Kor.ua KaccHpT> 6yAerb AOMa, y Memi wbrb 

KJIHJ'-iH. 

KoHcyjrb BHnycTHJi'b TOHHeca OJiaa h3t> ABepefi, caMi> Bep- 
liyjic^ bx KOHTopy, sasKerx JiaMny h cfejix nopa3AynaTb, nony^ 
piiTb h nopascHHTaTb... 

HoHHHe CTopo^ca ctoajih Bee Ha tomx 3Ke M'fecTfe. Ohh Bee 
BHAtJiK n KaKT> TOHHecb Ojian Bxom^i^, h KaKTb ero BHnycKaJiH. 
Ho ohh HHHero He cjiHxajiH. H ohh He noHaJiH pobho HHiero. 
JoaioMy ohh ptniHJiH nonpoSoBatb aoraaTb ToHHeca Ojiaa. 

;^to hmi> He yaajmcb. TOHHecb Ojian aawbTHJi'b mx^; oHTb 
ijom^ ai. npflMo K*b rocTHHHU'fe, npouiejiiT mhmo Hea, 3aniejii> 3a 



BT> MAJEHhKOMl, rCPO^S*. 211 

<£oHapb h noBepHyjTL wb cropoHy, rA* hhkto He mofb ero 



H botT) cuoBa BCTplrearoTca HOHHtie cTopo3Ka*no3AHO Beie- 
poMi), h cHOBa KopuTarorB BpeMa, noKypHBaa Tpyfio^Ky, paa- 
roBapHBaa h npoxaacHBaacb B3d.jvb h Bnepe/VB. 

— SI ohatb CTajn> KypHTb Moxopny — BaMtTHjrb oahhi h3t> 

HHXT>. 

— fl[ toxcp,— oTB^HajTB Apyron, saKypHBaa Tpyfiny. 

— KapTy3HHftTa6aKi>, KOTopufi a npe»Ae nocroaHHo Kypnjrb, 
-CTaJTL nenoMtpHO AoporL. 

— OhT* TB.K'b JJOporfc, TTO HHKaKHXb CpeACTBT* He XBaTHTB 

ero noKynaTb. 

— Be* HyKHHa Bem,n Aopoacarorb, 3A*cb cKopo coBC&M'b 
Hejib3a 6yAeTb mchtb. Hto, pa3Bi a He npaBAy roBopro? 

— Iloacajiyfl, hto rptnrao TaKi> pa3cyacAaTb, To6jaceH'b, a 
TojibKo 8to npaB^a, h roBopHTb He*iero. r ZJoporoBH3Ha CTpanraaa, 
BcaKifi ^ojiHceHT* acaTbca, a& o tomx tojibko h nyMaTb, .Kaicb 
6h rponien XBaTHJio", KaK*b b"b cTapnHy roBopnjiH. BecHotf Moa 
MJia^aiaa flo<Hca KOH<|>HpMOBaJiacb, AyMaemb, mh MorjiH 9 KynHTb 
em ofiHOBKy? 9to TaKoe BaacHoe, cepbe3Hoe a^jio, a OHa AoaacHa 
CtiJia hath BT> IiepKOBb BT> IUiaTb'6 cBoefi cecTpw. 

— JIlOAH 9aBHAyK)Tb mWb< MHHOBHHKaMTb. roBopar^ MH Ha 

o6mecTBeHHoft cjiyac6i, y Hacb b^phbih KycoK'b xJi46a. Ho 
-cnpamHBaeTca, Mapicyceffb, hto 3a nojib3a fiHTb hhhobhhkom'b, 
KorAa Bee Heo6xoAHMoe ao Toro Aoporo, hto npaMO echtb He- 
bobmohcho. Tojibko hto noayHHoib acajioBaHbe, CMOTpHinb, yarb 
h ffbTb HHTCro. Tohho 6yATO Ae.Hbrn A'feJiaiOTca HeBHAHMKaMH. 

— Yacb KOMy aTOJiy^nie snaTb, KaKTb He mh*, To6HceHi>? 
KorAa AeHbrn cTaHOBaTca HeBHAHMKaMH botb Tyrb, bt> mohx'b 
<5o6cTBeHHHX'b pyKaxi*, TaKx vfcwb ace mh* mwrb npHKaacenib? 

— A B^Ab B*b HNH'feHIHeM'b TOAy MaKpeJlb He AypHO JIOBH- 

jiacb. H Bcfe-To jik)ah acaayiOTca. H cjibixajrb, hto 6aHKT> xo^erb 

KOM-KOMy 0TKa3aTb BT> KpeAHT'fe. 

— Hto thI KOMy ace Gh 9to? 

— MHorHXT> HasMBaiorb. ToBoparb, KpoMt KOHcyaa h4t* 
hh oAHoro HaAeacHaro nejiOB^Ka, boti> hto roBoparb. 

— ,H,a, KOHcyjrb He HAerb bt> npHMtpx ApyrHM-b. y Hero 
Bcero MHoro. Y KOHcyaa TaKia jxhjidn ecnH Ha oahomti oKaacyTca 
ydtjTKH, oht* noKpoerb nx'b vb Apyroro, noKpoeT^, Aa em;e &b 
H3JiHfflK0MT>. Hy h napoxoAOBT> y Hero MHoro. 

CTopoaca THxoHbKo 6pejiH no yjiHU*. BApyri) ohh ycjiwoiajiii 
inyM'b KOJiecb ho^toboh KapeTH. 

— OnaTb K*b KOMy-To 'fe^eT'b! 

Ohh ocTaHOBHjTHrb, 11 aKyraepna npotxajia mhmo hhxt>. 

\4~ 



212 KHyT7> rAM'JHh. 

— TIocMOTpHM'b-Ka, Ky/ia ona -feAerbl — npeA-JieatHJi'b Map- 
KyceHi). 

— 51 H CaMT> XOrfejTB Tee'fe 3T0 CKa3aTb,— OTB^aJTB ToOflf- 

ceH-B. — OHa, KaaceTca noixajia Hajif.Bo orb (|)OHapfl? O0a T 
aojHKHo 6htb, noBepHyjia kt> 6ojioTy, SHaHirrB, oua iiAerb kt> 
OjiacJ)* BojuiepTceu'L. 

— 9icafl iiuiioxa! 3aMy3KHaa acemiuma 11 ao Hero Aouuial 
KaKTb th Aynaeuib, hto cKaacerb BojuiepTceH'b, Kor^i BepHercJi r 

— Ymcl u He roBopn! 

— H eme BaacHii^aerb! 3a aKyiuepKofi noeHjiaerb! 

— He 3Haenib, x ito h nonyMaTh!. A BojuiepTceH'b iiBa rona. 
KaK'L ytxajTB... 

AnyinepKa -feaAHJia ki> Ojia(|)t BojuiepTceH'b. yTpoM'b Reci> 
ropoA'b 9TO 3Ha«jn>. Tenepb yacb Hejibsa ohjio cKphiBaTbea, Hy, 
h XHTpn^Ka 3Ke Ojia(|)a! Kaicb oHajioBKO Aepmajiaob B-rtcropoirfe 
orb jiioa^h, htoOh hhkto .He aaMiTHJii en nojioaceiriflL 

Ho oieu^— kto ace 6burb otu,omt>? 

,ZJa, T0HHeci> Ojiaii HiiCKOJibKO He CKpuBajrb, *ito ohij, ci> 
ci* no3BOJienia cKaaaib, oreivb! II piuiHTejibHO bc4 bx ropoirt^ 
yAHBJiHJiucb 3T0My. Hhkto He Morb noHHTb. Ecan 6u 3T0 6URO 
xotb cepAe^Hoe yBJie^eme, KyAa hh hijio: Ojia^a MOJioAa i; 
KpacHBa. Ho ex Tthmecowb OjiaeMi>! 9to npocTaa (5e3iipaB- 
CTBeHHOCTb, HHHero 6ojibine. 

TOHHect Ojiaft caarb roBopnjrb, tfo 0Hb ue aHaer'b, Kairb 
3T0 aiy^HJioeb. Ho oht> onpaBAHBajii> ee. y TaKuxi* tohkji^Ii 
6apuHb, roBopHJTb ohb, 6biBaK)Ti> HHorAa CTpaHHue BKycM. Hut* 
Moacerb noHpaBHTbCfl HeJiOBiK'b npocToro 3BaHia h ireKpacHBHii 
ex BUAy. TaKi> h Tyrb bhihjio. HaAO 3to npHHHTb bo BiiHiraHie. 

A TOHHecb Ojiati h Tenepb, Kaicx npeacAe, xo/mjrb eefflk 
thxo h cMHpeHHo no BceMy ropoAKy. H „TOBapHmn" He craJDi 
yBaacaTb ero MeHbme nocjifc 3Toft ncropiH. „9k1h AbflBojibCKifi 
napeHb, 3Tott> TOHHee/b Ojiafi,— nyMajm ohh, — oht> noKasaji'b 
ce6a coBcfeMT) ex hoboh dopoHbi. Oht>, noacajiyH, B*b coctoa- 
Hin bt> oahhi> npeKpacHHH AeHb 3aHflTbca ToproBJieH, cA'fe- 

JiaTbCH OHTOBHM'b ToproBueM r b H Ha3HBaTBCfl SHCeHIj^ 

y Hero rojiOBa Ha Bee cnoco6Ha, oht^ h Tenepb noxo»cb na 

Kyn^IHKa, TaKOfi CTaHOBMTCfl TOJICTeHbKlM. 



B r b KOHU-fe 3HMW 6oM6a BaopBajiacb. AX'b, BCfe IipO'liH opo- 
HcuiecTBiH hhtto bi> cpaBHeinH cb 9Tofl y«acHoil Ka.TaCTpO$OM: 
KOHcyjrb otfaHKpoTHJiefi. Mnorie a^bho yace yRRBtizmuh, htj 

Ha BeKCeJIflX'b KOHCyJia CTOilTTb KaKJa-TO HeHSBtCTHHS. T6MiiUii 

MJiena, HaKOHei^T> 5 Kyiieivb Bepri) upeAJioacHJi-b oTKasaTb wh 
ynerfe noAo6Haro BeKcejia. Oht> xortjii) saMiHirrb fijraHKO- 
HaAHHcaTejia ApyrflMb, Cojite cojihahhmi. 3to 6u.no cjmmKowh 



J 



BT> MAJlEHbROMTj roPOflltffc. 213 

rpy6o oTHOCHTejiBHO Tanoro HejioBfeca, Kaicb KOHcyjrb. Ecjih 

OH*b HaXOAHJTb HMfl AOCTaTO^IHO COJIHflHBIM'B, SHaHHTB, OHO CO- 

jihaho. OflHHMi) cjiobom-b npeAJioaceme icynija Bepra He 6hjio 

upHHHTO. 

8Ta MajieHbKaa HenpiaraocTb Bt aacfeAamH cTpanrao no- 
paanjia KOHcyjia. Ho owl oBJia^ijiTb coGofi h npHHHJTb xojioa- 
hhh, paBHoaymHHH bhat*. JJfaio &*> tomt>, hto y Hero enje 
6njia Haaeaefla, noarfeAHaa: oht> oacHAajrb TeJierpaMMH orb Ka- 
HHTaHi> BojuiepTceHa, kotophh Beat rpyai* <|>pyKTOB'b, MajieHb- 
koh TeJierpaMMH o6t> ycntniHOH CA'&JiK'fe c/b oaho# HM)-iopK- 

«KOH <|)HpMOH. 

— rocno/tfm'b Beprb acejiaerb Gojite cojraAHoe hmh,— cica- 
saa-b KOHcyjn>. — IIo MoeMy Kanoe 6h hh Chjio hmh, 9to nycxaa 
(J)opMajiBHocTL. Ha cjrfeayroinieM'L aacfeA&HiH a 6yAY HMiTb 
HecTL ynjiaTHTTb no 3T0My BeKcejiio. 

JJ&, BOTb BH,ziHTe, KaK'b oht> orraTajn> Bepra, — h no AiflOMT)!.. 
Ho HacTajio cjr&Ay*omee 3ac*AaHie, a KOHcyjrB He ynJiaTHJTb 
no BeKcejiio. Ax'b, oht> BOo6iu,e nepecTajrb njiaTHTb no BeKce- 
jiflMt. TejierpaMMa BojuiepTceHa 6biJia AaJieico He npiaTHa, ee 
noHTH MoacHo 6hjio Ha3BaTb 6e3yMHofi: BojuiepTceH'b 6pocHJTb 
€Bon napoxoA'b, ero BCTpeBOKHjra nncbMa, nojiy^eHHbia ct> 

POAHHH, OH* fcxajTb AOMOH. 

KoHcyjiy He ocTaBajiocb Apyroro HexoAa... 

Ohx noAHHJicH co cTyjia, cMaxHyjrb nbuib co cBoero crop- 
TyKa h aaaBHJTb, ^to HMierb CAiwiaTb HenpiaTHoe coo6meme 
iroHTeHHOMy npaBJieniio Camca: 6ojibinia noTepn, Hec^acTia cb 
cyAaMH, njioxia BpenieHa, — BCJrfeACTBie Bcfex'b arax'b o6ctoh- 
TTJibcTB'b oht> He Moacerb AOJibine yAepaeaTbca bt> cBoeMTb no- 
JoaceHiH. Ero KpeAHTopbi yaHaJin o6t> 9?owb. Offb oTKaaH- 
BaeTca orb CBoero noneTHaro M'fecTa B'b 6aHicfe. 

3aciAaHie 6hjio TOTHacb npepBaHO. 

BtcTb 060 BceMi> npoHcnieAiueM'b Ha HeMTb pacnpocTpaHHJiacb 
B'b ropoA*; Bee npnuiJio bt> Bojraeme, aceHmHHH njiaicajra, 
.6oM6a BaopBajiacb bt> ropoAKi. KoHcyjrb o6aHKpoTHJica, kto ace 
nocjit 3Toro ycTOHT'b Ha HoraxT>? Oarb 6ujrb c&yLUWb BaacHHM'B 
qeaoBiKOMTb B'b ropoA'fe, ero CTOJinoMi>; Moxcerb 6htb, ohtb 
HHorAa CbiEaji'b bx tomt> hjih ApyroMi> cjiynai* ynpaM*b h bh- 
tOKOM r fepeH , b ) ho hhkto, KpoMi Bora, He Mon> hath npoTHBTb 
Hero, y Borb, B'b kohu^ KOHixoB'b, Bon> noniejrb Ha Hero h 
Mopa3Hjn> ero. BcKopi BbiacHHJiocb, hto MHorie, o^eHb MHorie 

^OJiaCHH pa330pHTbCH BM^CTt Vb HHM1>. 

3to 6HJia rpaHAio3Haa KaTacTpo<|>a. /toniJio ao r roro, hto 

eAHHCTBeHHHH 3ByKTb B'b TOpOAK* yMOJIKTb, yMOJJKJIH yAapbl 

MOJioTKa Ha Bep(|)H. 

IIpaBAa, Kyneu.'b Beprb HeneAJieHHo ycTpoHJi^ MajieHbKy» 
B#pa6jiecTpoHTejibHyK> Bep(|)b Ha aKqiaxi>, ho mojiotkh He CTy- 



214 Kayrb rAMcyfffc. ^ 

HajiH Ha Hen TaKt ycepAHO, KaK'B na npeatHen, 3ByKi> 6u*% 
cobc&M'b apyrofi. 

Bee sacTHao. KoHcyjrB, ero aontb, ero A&na— Bee 3T0 6umq 
3KH3HBH) h Kpacoro ropoAa, a TenepB HeJibdA 6hjio 6e3i> rpycTii 

BHAfcTB, KaK'B STOTb CaMH# KOHCyjTB OCTaHaBJIHBaJICH Ha JJtVJXk, 
BHTaCKHBSUHl> CBOH 06aHKp0THBIHiftGH KOIHeJieKB H nOAaB8LHT> 

HHmeMy cepe6pjmyK) MOHeTy. Owb 8to npoAlwraBaJTB Kam> 
HCKycHHft arcrep'B, on> apoHiefi, oGpaojeHHoft na caMoro ce6a. 
OffHaKo, paaTb Bee TaKHMT> o6pa30Mi> na^ajio, paaBfc Morjia 
ycTOHTB MOJioAeHtKaa 3jiB3a, paaBi OHa 6tuia 6oJibine 3am,u- 
m;eHa otb 6aHKpoTCTBa, HiarB bc6 ocTajibHBie? Ilocji-fe tofo, 

K&Kh yCJIOBifl 3KH3HH CTaJIH TaKHMH UiaTKHMH, OHa, 3a H6HM t- 

Hieirb Jiyqmaro, B3ajia cetf-fe bi> MyatBa BeproBCKaro npaKas- 
HHKa IeHceHa, xoTa no CBoeMy 3BaHiK> ohb ctohjtb MHoro HH»ce 
en. Taacejio 6bijio bha*tb, KaK'B OHa, ropAHM'B ruaroMi*, rpycTHO 

H HeOXOTHO fflJia pa.HOM'B CB HHM1> KB SJITapK). 

Oahhm'b cjiobom'b, bo BceMTb ropoA* He ociajiocB HHHero Ha 
CBoeMx M^crfe 3a HCKjiroHeHieM r b tojibko ijepKBH. H aceHa Ka- 
HHTaHa AHApeceHa Toace npoAOJiacaJia noAMeTaTB yjraijy injiefl- 
$owb cBoero cTapoMOAHaro njiaTba; ea cpeACTBa no3BOJiajm 
eft 3To, TaKTb KaK'B OHa coxpaHHJia cBoe CoraTCTBO. TOHHecvb 
Ojiafi npHHHMaJi'B Bee 6oJi*e h 6ojr6e oKpyrjieHHbia <£opMH, ho 
b^ ofimeM'b Aepacajn> ce6a TaKi> ace cMHpeHHO, KaK'B paHBine, 

H He HaHHHaJI'B HHKaKOH TOprOBJIH. 

KyneifB BeprB CAlwiajica nepBHM'B jijauontb b'b ropoA*. 
Owb CTaJTB AHpeKTopoM'B 6aHKa h npeACTaBHTejieMi> ropoAa. 
Ho Kyneivb BeprB 6ujn> He to, hto KOHcyji'B. Oh-b 6njtb npo- 
cToro poAa h He nojiyHHJi'B o6pa30Bama. MyHHTeJiBHO 6ujiq 
bha*tb h cjiHinaTb ero, KorAa offB BUCTynajrb samHTHHKOMt 
ropoACKHX'b HHTepecoB'B. Ohb caMi> ce6a HasHBaJi'B „AnpeK- 

Tepi*" M HH 3a HTO B'B CB^Tfe He MOPB OpOH3HeCTH XOpomefi, 

CBH3H0ft piyra. Oht> Bca^ecKH yripaaeHHJica h y^HJica KJia- 
HaTBca, xopoino BBipaaeaTBca, ho, KaK'B hh cTapajica, eny m 
no pa3roBopy, h no MaHepaMi* 6hjio AaJieKO ao Koncyjia. Hto 

rOBOpHTB KOHCya'B, KOrAa KTO-HH6yAb npHXOAHTB ki> HeMy BT> 

rocra?— Mh4 oneHB npiaTHO BacB bha^tb!— botb KaK'B Bbipa- 
ataeTca KOHcyji'B. Ho KorAa Kyneij'B Bepr^ npHKHMaJi-B Koro- 
HH6yAb ? ohi* iiiapKaji-B Horofi, to^ho JiomaAb, h roBopHJi'B na- 
HHni,eHHo: — ^ofipbiH a;eHb, a paAyiocB cBHAaHBK) cb BaMH! — A 
KorAa y ero aceHH 6biJia crapKa, ohb pa3CKa8HBaji , B, hto y Her# 
btb Jiowb HAerb oHuu^eme oAeacABi. 

5KeHa ero Toace He noAxoAHJia rml pojin nepBOH AaMH ro- 
poAa. HaxaJiBCTBa y Hea, BapoHeMi*, 6buio AOCTaTOHHo; Taict, 
OHa CTa^ia nojiynaTb nacbMa aApecoBaHHbia: ea bhcokopoa», 
rocnoacfe Beprb. Hto 3To 3a „BticoKopoAie tt AJia aceHH Kjoma? 

TIOHTMeMCTepTb H'feCKOJIBKO BpeMeHH A^ajI'B BHA'b hto ae 



,BT> MA.IEBLKOMT. rOPOflKS. 215 

3HaerL, KOMy aApecoBaHH Tarda iracbMa. Ho noHeamory WLwremi 
ropo^a npHMHpHJiHCb co bc£mt> 3Thmt>. Kyneu'B Eepn> 6hjii» 
fieacnopHO CoraTufi HejioBiicL; ct roAaMH oht> npio6p , &Tajn> 
Bee 6ojn>me AeHerL h pacniapaJTB cboh fltjia; bi> kohh;^ koh- 
nowb, owb 6bLm> cK&Ji&wh KOHcyjioMi), h TorAa aceHa ero cfajia 
6jiaropoAHaa AaMa. noApocxaiomee noKcwrfeirie BHAiJio, Kara. 
ropojn> npouB^Taerb nojn> BjiacTbK) HOBaro npaBKTejia. A koh 
cyjrB, tSHBmifl KOHcyjit, cAfcJiaJica areHTOMt no npoAaarf* MaK- 
pejiH h no cTpaxoBamio hchshh, areHTOMt bt> cBoeMT> coCctbch 
homtl ropoA*, ta* obtb KorAa-TO 6hjtb u;apeMTb! Ho KorAa owi> 
cMHpHJica h BarjiHHyjrb bt> co6cTBeHHyro Aymy, rocnoAb Bon, 
CHOBa nocjiajit eMy BeJiHKyK) mhjioctb: ero aohl Kopejii* 
BHniJia 3a 6oraTaro HeJioB'feKa. H Kopejiia ciajia Aoporaiyn. 
coKpoBamearb AJia cBoero Myaca. 




yPOKT) KOPOJIfl. 

PaacKaai BHJiJiiaMa MoppHca. 
IlepeBOjrb ci> aHrjiiWcKaro. H. C. PycaMoea. 



11 po BeHrepcKaro KOpojia, MaTB r ba Kopsnua, KOTophiii 6ujrh 
AjjbcJjpe/ioM'b BejiMKHMTj AJifl cBoero BpeMeHH n CBoero sapofla* 
^KasbtBawrb, hto OAHaacAH (oduamdu m\ tojjlko?) ycJiHEuajrb 
%wh t WO H^KOTopue (#a tohho jim, 6paTem> mom, nrbwrnopw?) 
naii ero KpecTbflHi) Hepeanypib mhopo pa6oTajin a Mepe^ypt 
njioxo miTaJiHCh. Bot*b owb m cofiepH coB'kfb, h C030BB he 
Hero rojioBi. orb niaBHbix'b ropoflOB'b m Kofi-Koro waii BJiajrfe- 
TeJibHHXTb KHJiaeH h mxt> noApyniibix'b m AaBaii pascupaniHBarb 
y huxT) irpaB^y. Ha Bcfe Jiaflti ohm pa3CKa3ajiH oflHy ctta3?:y o 

TOMl>, JtttfCb CHJI&HH KpeCTbflHe H KaKT> OHM CIIOCOfiHH VTh pa- 

6oTt, tf KaieB Bcero y hhxt> aobojilho h ecn> mi* *wpo c6epe~ 
vsfrb, mimb 6u He lipoma.™ h He nporiMBajra, rfcx% 6iMie, 
tto ohh B^Ab tojibko npodoe MyacHHbe; M eacejiw Ghl OHM He 
pafioTaau, no KpaHHeH Mtp*, ctojib ycepjiHo, Kairb patfoTaiorB 
Tenepbj to »to 6biJio 6u ruioxo u ajih hmx'b caMHXT> h ruioxo 
jijih nxi* rocuoA'b. IloTOMy hto HiMi* y My^KMKa 6ojibiue ecn> t 
rfcto-h oht> 6ojimie h cnpaiUHBaerb. H eacejra oht> ysHae-nb, tto 
TaKoe CoraTCTBO, to yanaerb, h hto Tanoe OiflHOCTb, KaK-b cjiy- 
HHJiocb ex A^aMOMi) h EboS bi> BoJKbeM?) paio. 

Kopojib CHAfejrB h Majio roBopHJTb, noica ohm pa3CKa3bmaJiH ? 
ho aanoAoapHJUi mxt> b^ tomt>, hto ohm— jiaceiya. Taiei> h paso- 

iOeJIGH COB^Tb HH Cl> H^MX. Ho KOpOJIb npHttHJTh TO fl&RQ 

Gjih3Ko icb cBoeMy cepwy, h6o 6bun> HeJiOB'feKOM'b cjipaeeflJiH- 

BMUfb H ripM TOMT> 60JTfee flOfijieCTHHM'b, I'lWb BC* OHM, fifl&e H 

bt> ri cTapHHHHH BpeMeHa. Hepeax #Ba mjim Tpn ahs, caaab*- 

BaJQT'b, OHT> C03BaJTb KHS3efi H COB'&THHKOB r b, KaKHX"b cqHTaJTb 
€I1MU\!H CfI()C06HHMH, M npHKaaaJI'b Hftfb lipHrOTOBHTb^H IH: BtJ* 



ypoKi. KOPO-ifl. 217 

•haAy. H, npHroTOBHBiimcK ohi> h ohh nycTHJH*ci> b% nyTb, 
6jiacTaa BeJiHKOJi'fenHHMH AocntxaMH no o6u x mK> rfext AHeiL 
HxaJiB ohm, ixajra, noKa He npr&xajin bt> KpecTbflHCKyio Ae- 
peBHK), a ^ipe3X Hee AoSpajracb ao 6HHorpaAHHKOB?> 1 r%h jijoah 

pafiOTaJIH HH COJIHO T IHUX r b JOJKHblXTb CKJIOHaX'b, CXOAHBUIHX'B ICB 

pfodk: moh cKa3Ka yMa-imnBaerb, 6wjin jih to Twcca, hjih fly- 
Haw, hjih eme KaKaa p-fena. 

JJfino 6hjio no3AHeii Been oh hjih panHHMT> ji'&tom'b, h ua 
,uo3axi> tojibko hto CTaJiu noKa3HBaTbca y)03Abfl: c6opi> BHHO- 
rpa,ay bt> sthxT) 3eMJiHXi> noaAiiifi, n Hac/ro ero He e6HpaioT?,, 
upeocAe n'hwb ne yAapnrb nepBMH Mopos-b,' ott> KOToparo bhho 
6biBaerB h Kp^irie. h cjiame. TaMT> h chmi> HaApHBaJincb Ha,n,'b 

pa60TOH KpeCTLHHO, MySKIHHH H 3KeHTI^HHbl, IiapHH II M0JI0AH«H 

AiByuiKii. Oahh pa3puxJiflJiH KnpKoii noHBy MeacAy paaaMH 

JI03T>, AP,Vrie B3HOCIIJIH KOp3HHH CB HaBO30i\Tb na Kpyrae XOJIMH, 

ho bc/6 TaK'B hjih MHaqe TpyjiiKUHCL HajTB BHHorpaAOMi), KOTo- 
paro HHKorAa He fiyayrb icrb, h HaAT> biihoitl, KOToparo hh- 
Kor.ua He fiyjiyrb iiutb. Tyaa-To HanpaBHJica KopoJib, cjr&STb e r b 
kohh h CTaji r b B36npaTbCB no KaM( j HHcraM7> CKaTaMt BwnorpaA- 
HHKa, a KH^3bH ero aTkAOBajm Taicace 3a hhm?>, yAHBJiaacb npo 
ce6a, hto 9T0 HaA,YMa:rb Kopojib. A Kopojib o6paTHJica kl opjaouy 

M3T> HHXT>, KOTOpHH 6bIJTb IIofalHHCe KT> HeMy, IJ CKa3aJTb CTi 

ycarfeiUKoii: 

— Hy, rocnoAa khh3bh, ceronna mk 6yAeMi> nrpaTb bt> 
HOByio nrpy, 11 6yAeTi> Haarb orb nea HOBaa HayKa. 

yjIblfiHyJIHCb KHH3bff, HO KHCJIOH yjIbl6KOH. 

A KpecTbHH'B pa306pajn> BejiHKiH cTpax?> npn bha^ bthx'b 
BeceJiHXTb pa330JiOHeHHHXT> rocnoAi). H ayMaro TaKT>, *rro ohh k 

He 3HaJIH KOpOJIH, nOTOMV nTO Bp^At JIH KTO H3T> HHXt H BH- 

Kbjvb ero KorAa-mi6yAb bi> jihii,o, 3najra tojibko, hto oht> uxi> 
oTeu'L, h mto OHt xpa6pHfi bohhi>, He RaBaBmifi TypKaifb pa- 
3opaTb hxx AepeBHH. A, no npaBA* cKaaaTb, hmt> 6lijio Bee 

pa.BH0, KTO 6UJIT> IIX r L BepXCBKblMl) BJiaAHKOfl, TypoKX ujii; 

u&Rhajrb, noTOMy hto TOMy hjih APJTOMy rocnoAHny, a hmi> 
BceTaKH HaAO (5hjio OTAaBaTb MHoro pa6o^HXT> AHeil bi> roA>\ 
11 CKyAHO 6hjio nponiiTaHie, KOTopoe ohh AotfHBajiH ce6ii B'b 
ocTajibHHe ahh, Kor^a hmi> mohcho 6hjio pafibTaTb Ha ce6a. 
Ha cbohxT) acein> m A^Teii. 

JIaAHo. 'ToJibKo 3HajiH ohh hjih He 3Hajin Kopojia. aa f. 
weacAy 3Thmh doraTUMH pHijapjiMH ohh y3HaJin CBoero rocno- 
awna » 6hjim yjKacHo nepenyraHU. Henero 6hjio h AyMaTb. 

^^6111 y6 r lMKaTl> OIX aTHXTi CHJlbHbIXT> JIK)AeH H CHJIhHHXt KO 

Hei: ohh yate hctomiijihcb HaAi> pafioToii, nanaBT» ee ao bocxo 
Aa cojiHH,a, a Teneph 6un r b no^TH nac r b nonojiyAHH. KpoMl 
roro. ch KopoJieMb 11 KHaBbHMH upHiHJia FBapjiia ap6aJieT^HK0Bx 



21 S H. E. k y A P H H 1.. 

OGTA&majg&f] uo Apyryio cTopoHy c/rfcnH BHHorpaAHHKa: to 6h- 
ut aopteits ropnti H3B HTajiiu, nocujiaBinie <5e3T> irpoMaxy CTp-fe- 
tw. T:ua, A He iTo6taajiH 6tAHbie juoait. HaoGoporB, ohh c#ii- 
.wa Bwi^ Cymo'Bce 3T0 u ne tcacajiocb hxte>, h npoAOJiraaJim 
paSora Th. It TcaJKAHw roBopHJTb rrpo ce6a: „eacejra MeHH He y6bi)TB, 
Tu y ueaa He 6yjs<&rb aaBTpa h uycica xjrfctfa, pa3i> a He npa- 
wycL TCiiepb ace hbo bc&x'b chjtb aa pa6oTy; a, Moacerb 6htl, 
weHJi erne iiasHanyrb H&6oJu»injnn», e>KejiM irepe6bioTb KOH-ieoro 
HOT> Hauinxi,, a a odaHycb jkhbT)." 

BorB HUAXOAHT'b*KopOJIb FCb HUM'b M rOBOpHT'b: 

- A kto, Ao6pHe jhoah, y Bacb Ha6ojibiniil? 

Ha aTO 0HHH r b 113^ HUXTb, 3AopoBbift MyMCHK'b, yace bt> n> 
Aaxx, (■,!> rHjibHHM'b aarapoM'b Ha jraivfe h jiencoft c&ahhoh bi> 

1 BOJTOCaX f>, QTBfriajrB: 

— H y hhxt> H^fiojibuiiM, rocnoAHH'b. 

- H,aiJ-Ka MH-fe TBOH) KHpny,— cKaaaji'b KOpOJIb,— H upHMycb 
:m A'feJio TMiepb caMi>, riOTOMy 4T0 bottb 3th rocnoAa noacejiajra, 
'itoGh a noKaaajrb mvb Hosyio wrpy, u oqeHb^paAH uopa6oTaTb 

iTOA'b MOCfl KOMaHAOH Ha BHHOrpaAHHK'k A TH CTaHb B03jrf> 

neHH zi riuirpaBJiafl MeHH, ecjiH a hto He Taia> npHKaacy. By 
^ce, bc% ucxaJibHHe, cTynaflTe no3a6aBHTbCiiL 

KpccTbHHHHTb He 3Hajn>, hto h noAyMaTb, H KOpOJIb Taut 
GbUKj H ocxajicfl c-b npoxHHyToii pyKofi. Ho Tyrb MyjKHicb 
aarjiHuyjiTi HCKoea Ha cBoero rocnoAHHa, h Torb CBHp'&no Ka^- 
iiya'b rojioBOH, cjiobho roBopn: „Kbsmii, hto npmca3aHO, cooaiea!" 

Idrfta MyiKiiK'b nepeAajrb Kapicy Kopojuo. Tott> ceifaacb irpH- 
HHifaefcs 3a a&jio u npiiKasHBaerb cTaTb bc^mi* KHH3bHMT> Ha 
pafibfy, n BCflKOMy Aaerb CBoe 3aHHTie bt> BHHorpaAHHK'L A 
nyjKUKi* rjPT'b me CTOiirb u noejrk* KajKAofi KOMaHAH KopoJiJi 
iir'iiroKapjmaeT'b: „TaK r b w , hjih „He TaK r b". IIocmotp^jih 6u bh 
XWJI«p Hin nojierbJiH na nHJibHyio seMJiio 6apxaTHHe njiamH 
m (|>jiaMaHzi;cKiH enaHqn H3i> TOHKaro ajraro cyKHa: Apy^RHo 

IlpUHMJUJCb 3a A'fejIO KHiI3bH H pHU,apH... 

K&ki> I'Mtayera noHajierjiii ohh, h 6oJibiunHCTBy mi* Hix^b 
i[o,]i K*fimiacb 3Ta Hrpa bt> BHHOA r kflie. Ho 6hjii> Tyrb Me«Ay 

UtIHl:., KOTOpHH, CRHHyB'B CBOff aJIHM riJiailTb, OCTaJIGH 

Wh BcjuiKMTfeiiHOMnb icaM30Jife H3i» nepcHflCKaro niejiKy, 3aTKaH- 
ftaro nu.rjoroM'b, KaKoro jijoah y^ce ne alwiaKyrB 6ojibine h ko- 
Topuil oTOifjrB cothio (|)JiopHHOB'b 3a 6peMeHCKiii JioKOTb. Emj 
to icopoTL. fieBT) MaJiMuieH yjiHfiKH HajiHU.'k, npiiKa3aji , b HOCHTb 

RaBOTb \lu KpyTHMT* CKaTaMX BHHOrpaAHHKa Bl. Ca^MOH 60JIbIHO# 

pacTpiHiaHUOH KopsHHt. H na 9to rocnoAWHTf> bi> uiejiKy CO- 

."tpOHJI'h laKOe JIHUO, HT0 JIK)60 6H-JI0 CMOTp^Tb, a KHfl3bH H 

puiiapu uM'feHJiHCb. OTnpaBJi^acb b^ Aopory, ohi> cicaaajrb, 
iiwb,' hto6u hhkto He cjiHinajTb ero: j^to-skt*, 3a rbM*b qTo 



yVOli'h VLWOMl. 21 £ 

jih a cjiyacy aTOMy Bbi6... y, htoGu 0H r f> 3acTaBJia,)rb MeHa ho- 
chtb HaBoa'B? 1 ' HaAO BaM*b cKaaaTb, mto oTeux Kopojia, Hht> 

ryHia^^, OflKHT) H3T> BeJIHHafilHHX'b BOHHOBTd BT> CBtrfc, Tares 

Ha3HBaeMHH ^Mojiot'b Typoicb", 6njrb poacAeH'b bh1s 6paica t 

XOTfl H OTB KOpOJItf. 

JIaABO. IIoKa ace ohm pa6oTajin bo bcio, h rpoMico pa3Aa- 
naaca HX'b cMfenb, Kor,n.a khpkh BapbiBajia 3eMJiR), paafiuBaa co 
3bohomt> TBepAHH KpeMeHb h noAHHMaa ofijiaico nHJiH. Paciuu- 

THH 30JI0T0M , L, ptlljapb XOAHJIT) BBepX^b H BHH3S> CT> HaB03HHMH 

Kop3HHaMH HeHCTOBO 6paHacb h npHSHBaa to Bora, to HopTa. 
H oahh roBopmiH apyruM'L: „nocMOTpHTe-Ka, Kaieb 6jiaropoAHaa 
KpoBb upeBocxoAHTb MyjKHijKyK), Aaace Kor^a cnpaBJiaerb My- 
acHUKoe A*Jio: am jrfeHHBHe neroAan h pa3a He ycntorb iioa- 
hhtl KHpKy, KaKi) mh yace yAap0MT> Tpa." Ho Kopojib, pa6o- 
TaBinifi ne xyace Apyrnx'b, coBC'feM'b He CM'fcaJica. A rhwb Bpe- 
MeHemb 6iAHHe jiioah ctohjih HenoAajieicy h Cohjihcb nepeMOJi- 
BHTbca cjiobom'B. Ohh no npeacHeMy 6hjiii CMepieJibHo Hcny- 
raHH; ho yace He Toro doajracb ohh, hto hx'b nepe6bK)rb Tyrb 
ace Ha k'fecT'fe: bid hx'b cepAU* fituia JiHaa AyMa. „3th BejiHKie 

H CHJIbHHe KHfl3bH M pbHjaPH npHHIJIH CIOAa y3HaTb, CKOJIhKO 

nejioB'feK'b MOKerb pafioTaTb, hto6h tojibko coBtfura He yMepeTb 
oTt ycHJiiH Tyrb ace Ha m^ct^. EacejiH ohh em;e Ha6aBarB 
HaM'b 6apnxHHHHXi> AHefl bi> roAy, mh nponajin 6e3*b B03BpaTy". 
H ynajio cepAue y hhx'b. 

A pa6oTa uuia; h cojmije noAHHMajiocb Bee Bbiuie h BHiue 
bt> He6t, h 6hjio yace A&JieKO 3a noJiAeHb. Yace cm^x^ He pa3- 
AaBajica 6ojibuie bt> paAaxib pa6oTaBHiHX'b roenoA'b, h yA&PH 
KHpoicb h mothki> CTaHOBHJiHCb Bee pfcace ii plsace, a puijapb^ 

HOCHBHliH RdLB031>, npUC'fejI'b y HOAHO^Kifl XOJIMa H CMOTplwi-b Ha 

piny. Ho KopoJib ynopHO paeoTajn*, Taia> tto, cTHAacb ero, h 
Apyrie KHa3ba eme He ocTaBJiajin a^jio. HaKOHeui), 6jiu/Kaiiuiift 

Kb KOpOJIH) COCfeAl* Cb HiyMOM-b dpOCHJITb KHpKy H KpfcnjCO BH- 

pyrajica. To 6Hjn> CHJibHHfi HepHo6opoAHii Myac^HHa bt> UBt- 
rfe jiirb, Ao6jiecTHbiM BoacAb 3HaMeHHTaro HepHaro oTp^Aa, ko- 
Topwa TaK"b qacTO upopuBaji'b Typeu,Kie p^AH. Kopojib Jiio6HJTb 
ero 3a BeJiHKoe MysKecTBo h Tenepb o6paT«JicH kl HeMy ei^ 
BonpocoMTj: 
f r — Hjih hto He TaKi>, KaHHTaH^? 

— Hirb, Hu^ero, Mofi Kopojib,— oTB'bTHJi'b 3toti>. — Ho cnpo- 
ch jiynnie y HafioJibniaro, hto cb HaMH. 

— Ha6oJibiHi#, — KpHKHyjnb icopojib,— hto cb HaniHMH xpa6- 
Phmh pbiu,apflMH? Hjih a hto He Tairb npnKasaji'b? 

— Htrb, Bee Kaicb cjitAyerb. Ho &b hhmh to, hto ohk 
| •TJiuHHBaiorb, — oTBiiaJTb MyacHKT>. — H He ahbo: b^a^ ohh, 
F jiobko npHHtfjiHCb 3a nrpy, a KpoBb-To y HHX'b 6jiaropoAHaa. 




'S-D H. K. K y A ** H H 1>. 

- [JpaB^a 3to, rocnoAa pfcmapH?— cirpocMJib i;opojib.— Ru 
yMce ycraJiu? 

Be* noBtcHJin rojiOBjr, h hhkto He npoMOJiBUjrt cjiOBa. 
KpOM% xpa6paro KanmaHa. Oh'b 6ujvh ciduniH qejioB*m> mhp 
jiacem*, H owb cKaaajix: 

— il 3HaK», Mofl KOpoJib, Ky#a tu m^thuil. Th npHBejrb 
nach cmaa, hto6h iipo^HTaTb HaM^ npouowhjib ycTaMH botl 
3Toro TBi^ro rijiaTOHa. Hy, TaKi> cscaaarb npaBAy, a 6o;ibine 
He Mory pa6oTaTb h noiifly o61WLTb,— iipoiiOBkuyfi, ^to 3Haeini>! 
A, BnpoHeMi), ecjin th xonemb 6uTb npn stom 0Ka3in CBHmeH- 
KHKoarb, to a fiyjiy tbohmi> AbaKOHOM^. rio3BOJiHiui> mh* enpo- 
emu usa cjiOBa y 3Toro napHH? 

— CupamMBaif, — oTB'fcraJi'b Kopojib. H AJ r Ma o6jiaKOM r b npo- 
uijia iro Jinixy ero. 

Tor^a KaimTaHT) npioc.aHHjica, paacTaBMJib H<«rn h Ba»Ho 
onpocHJi'b y MymiiKa: 

- JJoCpHfi qejioBtKi), a cKojibKO BpeMenH Mbi pa6oTaeMi>? 

- J\n l iaca ABa, m.tiu okojio Tore, ejKejiii cyzurrc> no cojnmy, 

'IT0 Haai* HdMH, — OTB'&TH.Tb TOTb. 

— A CKOJibKo Bauieii pa6oTH mu c# r fcjiajiH 3a 3T0 BpeMa?— 
{■npamHBaeTT> chobu KaiiiiTaH'b, no^MHrHyB-b ewy rJiasoM 1 *. 

rocnoAMH r b, — oTBtnaerb MyacuK-b, yjibifauscb npoTUB^ 
bimh,— He nponrhBaiica Ha moh cjiOBa. Ho bt> nepBbie nojiqaca 

Bbt Cpa60TaJIH, CKOJIbKO Mbl 3a COpOK'b JTfl'fb MIIHyTT), BO BTO- 
pHP, fKO:ibKO Mbl 3a TpWJlUaTb, BI> TpeTbH CKOJIbKO MLI 3a IIJiT- 

HdimaTL, Hy a bt> nocJifeziHiii iiojiyqac/b nu h Ha ^b* MHuyTU 
ho cpaooTajin. 

H yjnifiKa coBcburb iicqeajia C7> ero JiHrja, ho ero Baopt 
iarop p fcm:?i oraearb, Korjia oht> 3aroBopifJii» TaK-b: 

— A Tenepb, a jiyMaio, Baurb ^HeBHOfi Tpyivb KOHqeH'b, m 
hu nofifleTe oo-feftarb, 'fecTb cJiaziKia 6jiK),na h ntiTb KptnKoe 
bhiio, Mli ace nporJioTHM r b HeMHoro pacaHoro xjrfc6a h 6y^eM f b 
pafioTaTb eiue aojiro iiocji* Toro, KaKb ca/ierb cojiHn;e h orb 
MtcJma .naryrb rknu... H to BHaio, KaKx bu evAeTe cnaTb, m 
m*. it ibe Bt^oe rfejro 6 yjjeTe caciiMaTb b*b cbohxt> o6T>aiiHx r b, 
nuKa 6ynyrb raHyTbca narHHo^M m ciaTb 3Bt3Abi. A MHCHOBa 
oy^eM^b Ha patforfe npe/K^e, qtMi) rioTyxHyrb 3th 3B*&3AMi h 
uonyuaii tojibko Hyb-3a Hero 6yjieM'h HazipuBaTbca!.. fl He 
:*naK), itaftyio nrpy h noT-fexy bh eme npuziyMaeTe ji;jih ce6a 
na aaBTpa, Kor.ua Bepnexecb aomoh. Ho Korzja BepneMca /iomor 
mlj s to jplh Hacx cjiobho 6h h He 6hjio BHepauiHaro ahh, 
i-jiobho 6u Mbi Hinero He pa6oTajia, h Becb Tpyiiii ceroAHaui- 
UBVO jinn cjiobho 6u h He 6biJii3 Hcnojinetrb, h mu chobsl npa- 
Mejica 6e3T> ycTajin pafioTaTb. H y aaBTpauuiaro ahh fiyA.erb cboe 
^aBTpaiUHiH Reuh w y 3Toro em;e cbou, a y Toro hobhjh^ mm 



ate Bee tfyAewnb TpyAHTbea, Tpy^HTbca 6e3i>KOHua, h raicb 6y- 
Aerb hath, noKa ajih nacb yace coBctMb He HacTaaerb saBTpain- 
Haro flHfl... noaTOMy eacejra bh pinrajra HafloacHTb Ha Haci> Ka- 
Kyro-HH6y^b HOByro no^aTb hjih aoBHHHOCTb, to ABaacAH noAy- 
MafiTe npeacAe, h^mt* cA^JiaTb 3to, Taicb Kaicb Hivrb y Hac* 
CHJTb fiojibuie cHOCHTb. Bee 3T0 a roBopio 6e3-b BCHKaro dpaxa: 

H 3HaH), ^TO BOVb 9T0Tb ^eJIOB-feKTb, CTOHHl,iH B03JT& MeHH B% 

nepHOM'b, 6apxaTHOMT> KaM30Ji'6 h Vb 30jioTofi qtnbH) Ha inei, 
Ham*b Kopojib; ho ohT), a AyMaio, He y6berb MeHa 3a moh 
cjiOBa, noTOMy hto rjisi Hero h am ero Mory^aro Meqa Hafi- 
AeTca enje MHoro Typoicb! 
H CKa3ajn> Tor^a KanHTaHi>: 

— Kopojib! HojiaceH'b jih a ytfHTb 3Toro nejiOBiica? Hjih 
ace om> cKa3ajn> 3a Te6a Ty caMyio nponoBtAB, hto xorJurb 

CKa3aTb TH? 

— He y6nBaH ero: oht> CKa3aJTb nponoB'feAk 3a MeHa,— moji- 
BHJi'b Kopojib. — IIpHCJiyiHaMTecb ace kt> MyacHijKoB: uponoBiAH* 

MOH KHa3ba H COBtTHHKH! Ho KOr^a ApyrOH HeJIOB'feK'b BHpa- 

3HJTb Hania mhcjim, to orb ero cjtobt> y Hacb poacAaioTca eme 
hobhh AyMH, h y MeHa ecTb yace HaroTOB'fe Apyraa nponoB-fenb 
Kh Baacb. Ho noKa a npoMOJi^y... A Tenepb coHneM'b o61iAaTb!.. 

Ohh cnycrajiHCb, koikwis h ero cBHTa, h c'Ljih y pliKH, 
noAT> Ttabio mejiecTamnxTj Ha B-feTp* Tonojieir, h CTajiw icTb 
h nHTb h 6hjih oneHb BecejiH. Kopojib npHKa3ajn> oTHecTi 
BHHOAtoaMTb Ha^aTHa 6jnona h Ao6pyK) nopu,iio cojiziaTCKaro 
BHHa; H^6oJibiueMy ace ^ajit icpyirayK) aojiOTyio MOHeTy, a Bchm> 
ocTaJibHHM'b KpecTbaHaM'b no Tpii cepe6paHHXi>. H KorAa o^a- 
HHe MyacHKH nojiy4H4u Bee 3fo, to hmt> noicasajiocb, 6yA r ro 
ijapcTBO He6ecHoe coiiijio Ha 3eMJiio. 

Ropojib m KHa3ba B03Bpam;ajincb Kb ce6 , fe aomgh noA*b 
CB , fe»c'feK)mHM r b He6oM'b Benepa. Kopojib 6ujrb pascfcaH'b h moji- 
HaJiHB-b. HaKOHeuT), KannTaH'b, KOTopwfi fcajn, paAOMi^ cb HHM-b, 
o6paTM.)xca icb HeMy co cjioBaMH: 

— Kopojib! CKaacn ace MH'fe tboio HOByio nponoBtub! 

— H AyMaio, th n 6e3T> MeHa xopouio 3naeuib ee, otb*6- 
thji'b Kopojib,— HHaqe th He roBopMJi'b 6h TaKi> yMHO ct> My- 
HCHK0M*b... Ho CKa>KH mh* Tenepb, KaKoe TBoe penecjio h pe- 

MeCJIO BC r feXl> TB0HX1> TOBapHU^eH, H HiWB BH aCHBeTe, BOTb 

KaKT) :KHBeTi> xoth 6h ropnieqHHK'b rhwh, hto A'^JiaeT'b ropniKH'? 
H cRaaaJTb KanHTaH r b: 

— KaKi> ropraeqHHK'b HCHBeTT> o6acHraHbeHi> nocy nfi, Taicb 
mh acHBeMT> rpaee^coMi* 6&AaaK0Bi». 

H cHOBa cnpocHJTb Kopojib: 

— Hy a KaKoe Moe peuecjio? 
H OTB^THJi-b pHqapb: 



ooo 



E. K y A P H H T>. 



— A TBoe peMecjio 6uib KopojieMT> ^thxt> paafioaHHKOB'b, 
ho He xyace ApyrBXT>. / 

Kopojib aacM'feiiJiCH. 

— 3anoMHH ace 3to— cKaaajrb ohx,— a a CKaacy Te6i, tto 
ji Ayaiajrb, noKa roBopiurb MyacHKi). „My3KaKb, AyMajrb a, 

6yjlb B T060K) BJIB TaKHMfc KaKTb TH, H B3HJTL 6u B'b pyKy 

&ie*rb itJin Koiibe, mjih Aaace upocTofi kojtb orb aaropozm; a 
BfijibJii. 6w flpyrHMi* cA^JiaTb to ace canioe, a npaHtfjracb 6h mh 
Ba n'ftjio... A TaKt KaKt Hac*b 6hjio 6h MHoroe MHoraecTBo, w 
HaiTb He^ero 6hjio 6h TepaTB, KpoM'fe atajiKofi »ch3hh, to mh 
BCTyriMJiH 6u B'b oT^aaHHHM 6oa h no61iAaJia 6h HeApyroB-b, 
h nojioHHJiH 6u KOHeui) a peMecJiy Kopojieft, h KBijaeii, n 
pocToBin.aKOB'B; a ocTajiocb 6h Ha CBivrij JiHinb oaho peMecjio: 
pafioTaxb Becejio Ha caMHX'b ce6a h Becejio hcbtb cbohm-b TpyAOMT*. 

H CKa3ajn> KanaTaHi>: 

TaKx bottb Kanaa tboh nponoBiAB. Hy a kto fiy^erb cJiy- 
jiiaib ee, ecJia th BOBbMenibca nponoB'&AHBaTb? 

H cKa3ajrc> Kopojib: 

— T% kto cxBararb cyMacmeAinaro KQpojia a 3aupyrb 
ero B'b ftOM'b yMaJiaineHHbix'b Kopojiefi. IIoTOMy-To n a soa- 
Aepacycb ott> 3toh nponoBtflH. Ho oHa Bee ace doji&cm 6yAerc> 
paajjaTbca. • 

— J^a, ho hhkto He Cy^erb ea BHHMaTb, HaAtocb, — cKa- 
aajfb pHixapb,— KpoMi Tixi*, kto nocbiJiaerb Ha iLJiaxy h b1i- 
rnaerb Jno£ea, KOTopue pacnpocTpaHHiorb hobha Be ma, nojiea- 
uhh Rim Bcero Mipa. Hanie peMecjio 6yAerb CTOflTb nponno 
* me He oaho noKOJi'feHie. 

^ cb 3thmh cJioBaMB ohb npiixajia ko ABopuy KOpOJIfl, H 
r pa Jin r &CTb, a naTb, a cuaTb. 

A mi pi meji'b cbobm^ nepeAOMT). 



3 a n h e k h n a p i h *)• 



„Moi, morbleu! perdu dans la foule 
obscure, il m'a fallu deployer plus de 
science et de calculs pour subsister teu- 
lement, qu'on n'en a mis depuis cent 
ana a gouverner toutes les Espagnes". 
(Le Maxiage de Figate). 



I. 



B'B O^HOfi H3T, CBOHXT, HanfiOJTfce H3BtCTHLin> EHUrB TeKRejib *•- 

KaiHBaeT'B npaBO ^ejiOBtqecaaro oSmecTBa OT^tjiuBaTbca orb Bcix* sa- 
jiiK'BHHeH3Ji , feqHMo6ojii>HHXi. «MHori.H hsi STHXt saJiKHxt cymecTBi 
ct HeTepn*HieMTb ra.nyT'b, noKyaa caiepTB nojioacnrB KOHenvB hxt> Myue- 

HiflMt. B03HHKa6T'LBaaCHUfi BOnpOCB, H6 HM'fceM'B JIH JMH npaBO H31> CO- 

cTpaAaHia hoAth naBCTpiqy acejiaHLHM'B 9thxt» HecqacTHtix'B h hojioshtl 
KOHen^ hxti cTpa^aHiflMTb npn noMoma 6e36ojit3HeHHoft cMepTH?* Mu 
nocTynaeMX b^ab TaKHMt o6pa30Mt ct AOManiHHMH khbothhmh. «Mh 
cnpaBeAJHBo npeAaeM'B cMepTH cocTapHBnraxca h 6ojibhhx'b BipHux'B 
co6aKi» h 6aaropo ( a,HHX , B KOHefi, Aoaro aHBHiiix'B cl HaMH, — npoAoa- 
acaerB reKKeJb.— TaKHMt ace o6pa30MTb mh HMieMB npaBO hjih Aaace 

06fl3aHH0CTB IIOJI0JKHTB KOHei^B CTpaAaHifllTL HafflHXl. C06paTB6B'B- 

jooAefi. HiKOTopaa My^HTejiBHHa h HCH3Ji4<raMUfl 6ojrfj3HH AitfarorB 

«H3Hb HeBHHOCHMOfi RJM 60JlbEUX r b H OHH MOJflrB 06t» H36aBJieHiH... 

TenepB B'B ijHBHJiH30BaHHiJX'B cTpaHax'B AJ r ineBHO-6oJibHUX'B 5 — 6 Ha 
rucsmj HacejeHia. Ecjih cqnTaiB naceaeHie EBponw B'B 390—400 
MHjoioHOB'B, to AJ r nieBHO-6ojibHHX'B 6yAerB ne MeHbrae 2 mhjjIohob'b, 
cpe^H kotophx'b no KpaflHefi Mtpi ab^cte thcot'b HensjrfciHMHX'B. 
Kauofi Macci arpaAamfi AJia caMaxi* 6ojibhhx , b roBoparB bth n;H$pHl 



*) The Story of My Struggles. The Memoirs of Arminius Vamb^ry 
y. v. I— II. 
Aeicatipfc. Orxfcjn, II. 1 



I A I fl B 0. 

Ka&aa Macca 8a6on> h ropa #jia po^Huxt! Kaaofi rpoMammft pacxoATi 
HJia o6m;ecTBa. Kara* cnjibHO yMeHbinnjiocb 6u cTpa^ame, ecjra 6u 

06meCTB0 ptfflHJIOCb H36aBHTbCH 0T"b HeH3JlfeqHMHX , L eOJIbHHX'b iipu 

noMomn A03bi Mop$ia... MyacecTBO, cnjra h KpacoTa ApeBHHxt cnap- 
TaHii;eB , b o6ycjiOBJiHBa.iHCb o6uqaeM , b OTfltjibiBaTbCH otb Bctxii cja- 
6uxi> Afrrefi h KajrfcK'b... Ka&yio nojib3y HSBieftaerb qeaoBiqecTBo 
orb Toro, qio oho HCKyccTBeHHo nojwepacHBaeTi THcaqn rjiyxo-nt- 
Mbixt, H^ioTOB-b h np., hochiuiix'b HacjrbflCTBeHHoe SpeMa HeHajrfsqn 
Mofi 6oJit3HB? He jiyqine jih cpa3y noKOHHHTb ch hxt* aajiKOfi JK^Hhro, 
KOTopaa 6yAerb n,imbio CTpaaamfl fljia HHXTb caMHX'B h ajih art 
poAHHX'b*? «CeHTHMeHfa.in3M'b HHKOiyja He AOJiaceHi y3ypnHpoBaiii 
arkcTO, npHHaAJeacamee bt* Ta^uix^ BaKHUXt Bonpocaxt pa3yMy, — 
3aKaHqHBaeTT> TeKKejib» *). 

Bt, AHrjiia cjiOBa reKKejui HaxoflHTb, BtpoaTHo, 6oabinoe coqys- 

CTBie, XOTH TaEHX'b TeMaXT, He npHHflTO TOBOpHTb OTKpUTO. «Ka- 

joLtKii h HAioTOBi)*, noacajiyfi, aiajitrorb, noTOMy mo ohh ch^htii b-l 
6e3onacHOM , b Micrfj, bt> paSoqaxi) flOMaxi*, ho KpafiHe He juo6RTh 
cjia6bix f b Jiiofleft 6e3T> HHflHBHflyajibHocTH, 6e3 f b bojih, 663^ cnoco6- 
hocth pa6oTaTb, 6opoTbCH ii npeoflOjrfeBaTb. Koiyja Ha aHrjiifici:iii 
asu^-h 6biJia nepeBexena «Tpo3a», kphtiikii 0TKa3HBajracb BHfltib 
dpajty, npoHCTeKaroniyio orb cJia6ocTH bojih. Ohh bh^jih ToabKO ko- 
MH i iecKie THUbi. 3aT0 HHiTvfc, Kara bt> Annua, Tara He yarfciorb qt- 

HHTb CIIJIbHHX r b, ,J,apOBHTbIXl> JUOfleft C*b apKO OKpameBHOft HHAHBH- 

AyajibHOCTbio. Ha KOHTHHeHii qeJiOBitti) 6esi> yHHBepciiTeTCKaro .hhh- 
.ioMa, Bbunejuniii 1131. pa6oqefi cpe^u, 3aTepajcH 6h, 6y^b ohtb xot& 
ceMH miAefl bo Ji6y. Bt> <capHCTOKpaTiiqecKoii» AHoin ^jkohT) BepHG^ 
pa6oTaBniifi no 25 Jiirb Ha saBOflax'b,— cianoBHTca mkhhctpowl h 
qjieHOM-b Ka6nHeTa. CHH'b canosKHHKa JIjioifAv^acopAJK'b TOJKe qiem. 
Ka6nHeTa h 0Ka3HBaerb cbohm'b yMOM'b h TajiaHTOMi> TaKia BaJKHUii 
ycjiyrn po^HHi, qio flaace KOHcepBaTHBHHH ra3eTbi, HeHaBH^Hmia mi- 
HiicTpa 3a pa ( n;HKajm3M , b, BocTopnceHHO BocxBajiHroTii ero. AHrais 
8opKO BHHCKiiBaerb cHjibiibixTb h TajiaHTjiHBbixi j£H),nefl h 6eperb 
nx'b, Kor^a HaxoflHTb, He cqaiaacb vh hxti npoHcxoacji.eHieM'b. Oaa 
He m6vLVb TOJbKO Gesn.Bti'Hbix'b h ctpHX'b jiioAefi. Bthmi> una 
#aerb mnpoKyK) B03M0/KH0CTb cnoKofiHO acHTb u Hacjiaac^aTbca CBonM'b 
cf>puMT> CbiTieM'b. KopMqux'b ace h BKHnamb ,n;jia cBoero o6o^ecTBeH- 
Haro Kopaoja Annua Ha6flpaei ,, b mi* ciuibHHX'b.jiioAefi, Bep6ya nx'b, 
171,* HailAeT'b. $paHn,ia rztebjlb, ryreHOTOB'b, repuor'b Ajib6a 3acTaBHJti> 
3MiirpHpoBaTb (JuiaMaH.imeB'b, peBOJHon,ioHHbia 6ypn 6pocHJiH Ha anr.da- 
cKifi 6epen> TwcaqH 6*trjien 1 0B r b. AHnria npHHHMajia HX"b Bctxii k 
Bu6npajia GHjibHHX'b h Ta:iaHTjiHBbix , b JiOAefl ,pa ce6a. Mh bhahmtj, 



*) D,HTnpyio no HMtromeMycn y MeHa Bt pynaxt anrJiiflCKOMy nepe- 
BO^y „The Wonders of Life", Chap. V, p. 120—121, 



8AHHCKH UAPIH. 3 

«m> Aaaa Ahtjiui noAofiHaa nojiHTHKa: nepe^t HaMH caMaa SoraTaa, 
caaiaa BejiBKaa h caMaa cnoKoUuaH HMnepia b'b Mipi. AHr.iia oxotho 
npoTatHBaerB pyKy chjilhbim'l h TaaaHTJiHBBiM'L jhoahm-l qysofi crpaHH. 

He CHHTaflCL CL T^MTb, KaKt. OTHOCflTCfl KL HHM'B Ha ponHni. Harajifl- 

HHMTb npHM-bpoait cjsfyHHTt, Me»Ay npo*iHMT>, AByxTOMHaa aBTo6io- 
rpa$ia «The Story of My Straggles*, fit Hefl 3HaMeHHTnfi opieiiTa- 
jHCTb h cMtffHfi nyTemecTBeHHHK'B ApMHHifi BaMfiepH paacKa3HBaerB, 
Kara oopo-ica cb tchioaom'l. -HHmeToif, a em,e 6ojBme cb o6m,ecTBeH- 
hhmh npejtpa3cynKaMB. noicyaa He 6bun> oi$HeH f B Bt AHrjiin. EBpefi 
uo npoHCXOSfleHiK), BaMfiepn y ce6a Ha poflHHi, EOTopyro noTOMTb npo- 
cjiaBHji'b, He Mors aoShtbch Aaace npaBHJiBHaro oopa30BaHia. B?> BeH- 
rpin (ao peBoaroitfH, AaBiuefi BctMi, rpaac^aHaMt pafiHonpaBie) mojio- 
Aofi BaiffiepH, He cMOTpa Ha cboh BHAaromiaca chocoShocth, 6lijtb 
tojibko «kha , b», napia, KOToparo npecjitnoBajiii sa HaijionajiBHocTB. 
Kor^a BecB Mipt rOBopajTb o nopa3HTejn>HO cmIuiom'l nyreraecTBiH 
BaM6epH vb CpeAHtoio Asiio, nosTH Tor^a neHSBicTHyK),— tojilko Ha 
po^HHi, wb HHTepecax'B Koiopofi 6hjio npeAnpuHHTO A^Jio, k'l nyTe- 
mecTBeHHHKy othccjihcl BpaacAeGHo, cl oOh^hmmi. cKen , fHu,H3MOM , L. 
H Tor^a, Kor^a raseTH Bcero Mipa BocxamajiacL 6e3yMH0 cm4jihmi> 
hoabhtom'b, y.iHqHwa BeHrepcKia ra3em rayno iviyMHjiHCB Ha^ «jkh- 
aoin>» BaiiSepH. Ahoih ycTponjia nyTemecrBeHHHKy BocTopaceHnufl 
npieM'L. KopojieBCKoe reorpa$HqecKoe o6njecrBO bhhchhjio 3Haqeme 
Tpy^oBt BaM6epn h AaJio hm'l cooTBtacTBeHHoe 3HaqeHie. 3HaMeHH- 
Tuft opieHTajiHCTB, KOTopnfi y ce6a Ha poAHfffe, KaKT> napia, yiinpajit 
otl rojio^a h BHajit tojilko npecjrfcjjOBaHia, — 6mrL oniiHeHi. b'b BeH- 
rpin tojilko nocjit ycnixa B'b JToHAOHi. Tojibko Tor^a BaMSepn 
npeA^oacejiH Kaeeapy bocto | ihbix , b h3bikob , b b'b neinrfc. 

«3anncKH napia* KpaflHe jhoSohhthh bo MHoraxx OTHOinemax'B. 
botb noneMy a ptuwjica hocbhthtb hwb sto hhcbmo. 

EepeAT* HaMH ^J^HHaa jifeonHCB rojio^aHifl, 6e3KOHe i mbix'B 

0CK0p6jieHifl h yHHJKeHift BCHKaro po.ua. HyacHa Smia 6ojiBfflaa 

9Hepria, yHacjrkflOBaHHafl otb npe^KOB'B, tojtbko rh& Toro, ^to- 

6H He BHaCTB B'B OT^aHHie H He nOKOHqHTK cb co6ok). Ilpn ^T6- 

HiH «The Story of My Strugles* npe#B HaMH BupHcoBbiBaeTCH Kpyn- 
Hbifi, oqeHB TaJiaHTJLHBHfi, 6oraTO OAapeHHBifi qejiOB'bK'B, ecjin He 
cl TeMnepaMeHTOM r b, to cb h*kotophmh B033p"iHiaMH $nrapo. KaK^ 
noA06aerL b^ aBTo6iorpa$in, BaMSepn HaqHHaeT'B otb poac^ema; 
ho TyrB ace HaTajiRHBaeTca Ha nepBHfl KaweHb. «fl He Mory cb to^- 
hoctbk) onpea'fcJHTB ^aTy Moero poacA^HiH, — roBopnrB SHaMeHHTBili 
opieHTajiHtrL.-~a hm^jtb npoejieMaTnqecKoe ciacTBe poahtbch otl 
eBpeficKHX'B po^HTejieft b'b to BpeMH, KaKTb BeHrepcde eBpen He 6lijih 
eme npHHyacAeHH 3aK0H0M^ sanHCBiBaTB pojK^aiouxnxcfl y Hnxi* a** 
Tefi. Botl no^eMy HHKaKofl o$$HnJajibHofi otm^tkh o ah* Moero 
posACHia ne cyn^ecTByeT'b. MaTL moh roBopnjia, mo a. poahjich He 
sa ^ojiro ao CMepTH OTn,a, KOTopaa npon30iujia bi» a^hl Cb. Iocn$a. 

I* 



4 t 4t t o a b o. 

OTeij'b 6£uet» oahoU h3t> nocjrfcAHHX'b fflopTBt xojepH, onycToniaBniett 
BeHrpiio bx 1830 r. Bora noqeMy a nojiaraio, <rro poAHJica npn6jiH- 
BHTejibHO b'b 1831 r. TaR'b KaKt a He ocoSeHHuft noKJOHHHK p b reHea- 
jtoriM, to He (TaHy o6peMenaTb qeiaTejieft ho^poShoctamh Moefi 
po^ocjiOBeoS. HacKOJbKO mh4 hsbIjctho, Mofl npa^t 6ujn> poaomx 
hbt* ropoAKa BaM6epra. Kor^a Iocn^ II npnK.a3ajrb, mto6h bc4 ero 
noAAaHHHe-eBpea hm*.ih $aMHJiin, to /I'feA'b nepecejiHJica b'b BeHrpiio 
a cTaat Ha8HBarbca EaifGeprep'b, oTKy^a 6ejH ero npe^KH. Cx Te^e- 
HieMT» BpeMeHH 6yKBa B nepeuuia bt> B h moA OTen^ HHcaaca yace 
BaM*6ep^ep^, xoth eMy, KaK'b npaBOBtpuoMy eBpero^ ptflKO npaxoAH- 
jiocb noJib30BaTbCfl (})aMHJiieft. 9to 6bao TOJibKO npH CHoineniax'b cl 
Ha^ajibCTBOM^. Bt> ofime&HTin npaBObtpHbie eBpen nojbsyioTCff, bm*cto 
$aMHJDfin, HMeHeMi* OTija. Mofi OTen,!* 6bM r b He TOJibKO Ha6ojKtibrfl 
enpefi, ho h 3aMtqaTejibHbift Ta.iMyAHcrb. Oht> npocajKHBajrb ho*h Ha- 
npojierb iiaA'b rpouaAHWMH (JjoaiaHTawH, Maio aa6oTacb o 6peH- 
homt» cymecTBOBamn h o 3eMHbix , b A*^axt». MaTb BaMdepa, Kaifb 
6ojrfce npaETHiHuit qejiOBtK'b, y64,HHjia Myaca nepecejiHTbca B'b ropo- 
AOK*b C.-reopreH^, pa3cqHTMBaa, 4to ero Ha3Haqarb Tarn noMomHHKOM'b 
paBHHa. Ho h Sflicb oTeii'b nyTemecTBeHHHKa 3a6uBaji , b HaA'b sany- 
TaHHMMH BonpocaMH «MHiuHbi» h «reMapbi» npo aeMHHa nijia* SJeHa 
saciaBjiajia Mysa to ToproBaTb $pyKTaMH, to 3aBt^HBaTb MaaeHbKOft 
xapneBHeft. HaKOHei^b, OHa yCt^HJia ero 3aHflTbca cKynKoft AepeseH- 
ckhx'b npoAyKTOBT* y KpedbaH'b, npifoHcaBoiHX'b Ha ptiHOK'b. YqeHLia 
TajiMyAHCT'b, irorpyaceHHufi bt» paapiineme $Hjroco$CKnx , b BonpocoB'b, 
.fl.oJiaeH'b 6ui r b BHOHKaTb Ha pusKt KaKo.fi-Hu6y.nb M'fcmoK'b vb 
OBCOBfb hjih OBe^hio iincypy. Pas* oceHbio oieivb BaM6epH KynnjrbHa 
Plihk4 TOJbKO ^to o6oApaHHyK), eme BJiajBHyio KopoBbio niKypy h 
B3BajiHJi'b ee ceot Ha njeqn. OH'b npnruiejica flOMOii no3AHo HO?bK), 

MOKptlft OTb flOJKflfl, H3MyqeHHHtt, 3anaiKaHHbjft B'b rp,H3H, CBaJIHJTb 

Hiaypy Ha nojrb h, He npHTporHBaacb kx CKy^HOMy y»HHy, yckaca 
3a cboh KHHra. 3to 6hjio B'b nocjiiAHift pas'b: OTe^ Ban6epH 3a6o- 
jiijcb h yMepi.. Bch TaacecTb co^epacaHiH ceMLH, ocTaBraefica piniH- 
TejbHO 663^ BCHKHX'b cpeACTBT), naja Ha MaTb BaM6epH. OHa 3a- 
6pajia A*Tefi h nepecejiHJiacb cb hhmh ns-b ropo^Ka C.-reopreH'b B'b 
^y Ha -HepAare jih. ByAynjeMy 3HaMeHHiOMy nyTeiuecTBeHHHKy 6hjio bi» 
to BpeMH Tpn roAa. Ma*n> AOJiHHa 6wjia Ka^Auft A©Hb ocTaBJHTb 
Atoefi Ha npoH3BOjix cyAb6u, *ito6u 3apa6oiaTb Ha prhk* HtcKOJibKO 
rpomefi. Pe3yjibTaTOM , b OTcyTCTBin npn3opa ABiuiocb to, ^to MajeHbKifi 
BaM6epH Haiajrb xpoMaTb Ha Jitsyio Hory. XpoiioTa ocTaJiacb Ha 
bch) »H3Hb. Yace B'b paHHearb a4tctb4 6yAy^ifi opieHTajiHcrb ysHaji'b 
xpoHnqecKifi rojiOA'b. «Apy r i fl A^th b^ paHHeM'b Bospacrt 3HaK>rb 
TOJibKO po3M h HCHoe ro.iyfioe HeGo,— roBopHrT* BaM6epH,— a «e 
HMijiTb Jinnib Tepmn. jHHieHiH h HHffl,eTy». TaK'b KaK'b MaTb He BcerAa 
Moraa Bbipa6oTaTb HtcKOJibKo rpouiefi Ha xjiiGi*, to ceMba BaM6epa 
o6paTHjacb K'b HOBOMy npoMucjiy: K'b ToproBJit niaBKaMH. «To 6uji© 



3AHHCKH HA^lla. & 

ceMefiHoe 3aHHTie poflCTBeHHHKOB'b BioeS MaTepn, — npoflOJiHcaerb BaM- 
6epn.— BpaTj>a en noKynajm y KpecTbain> niflBOKt, BojinBDomxca B'b 
h3o6hjii"h bt» cocbOTHX'L 6oJIOTax^, copTHpoBajiH nxt h nepenpo.ua- 
Bajia hotomtj aQTeKapaM'B bt> OfcBepayro BeHrpiio. MeHa ct Ma.11.1XT3 

-TkTL EOCBSTHJIH BO Bet IIO#po6HOCTH TOprOBJH. lliflBOKT) HyHCHO 6hjio 
COpTHpOBaTb nO Be.lHqHH'fe H K-iaCTB BXT> B'b XOJmeBLie MtfflKH OKOJO 

40 cauT. B'B .HJfHHy. JKhbothwxt. Kynajia flBaacfl&i bt> .neHb; npH aTofi 
onepaijin npncyTCTBOBajiH bc* aIvth. fl HHKairb He Morb npeo^oj^Tb 
OTBpamenia, Kor^a npnxoAH;iocb OTMUBartr niaBOK'b orb OKpyacaionieii 

HXt CJIH3H. CjiyqaJOCB, qTO niflBKH BLl6HpaJIHCb HOqbK) H3T> JrfelHKa H 

noj3.iH no nojiy, cjiyacHBineMy Haarb nocTejbio. OqeHb qacTO kto-hh- 
6y^b mi* ;vfcTeft npocHnajica bt> yacacfe orb Toro, mo rojioflHoe acn- 
BOTHoe npncocajiccb wb najibuy Horn. IIpocbinajiHCb bcIj h saqHHa- 
jiacb cyMaTOxa. BfciHHRy HCKajiH co CB^qeit h ohhtb BOflBopaaH bt» 
M'femoK'b. 9th Ho^Hbia TpeBorn cnjibHO pa3BjeKaJiH ocTajibHRxt ;rfjTeft». 
KoinnecTBO jiOMTefi xjitfia, civfcAaeMHX'b a*tlmh, saBacLio Bcen^fejio 
orb cnpoca bt> jjanHbift MOMeHTt Ha niaBOK'b. 

B'b BeHrpin Tor.ua nacejieHie jik)6hjio eme «6poeaTb ce6* KpoBb»; 
ho TaK'b KaKi) Bpaqa yaee B03CTaBajin npoTHB'b niaBOK'L, to cnpocb 
Ha hhxt, yMeHbinajica, naflaaa n,i>Ha, a BMicrfc ci* smwb Bee CHJib- 
Hie 3anoji3ajrb rojio^ B'b aom^ BawSepn. «Po30Bbie Ann AtTCTBa 
6hjh %na. mchh roaaMH CTpanaRili, jMinemft h roaofla, — roBoparb 
snaMeHHTbifl opieHTajHCT'b. — Ilopofi HKD^eTa flOCTHraja no TaKHXt 
ysacHMXTb pa3M , fepoB'b, qTO ee Tpy#HO 6hjio bmhochtb. CheHb qacTO 
y Hacb He 6ujio flaace xjrfc6a>. IIocTaBmHKaMH ero 6bijih rjis. BaM- 
6epn — HHmie. IIo nsTHimaMt, ecjin ToproBJifl niaBKaMH flaBajia Ht- 
ckojilko rpomeft, MajieHbKift Basf6epn vb GpaTbHMH OTnpaBJiajiHCb 
noKynaTb y hhbo;hx'b cofipaHHHe iimh KycKH xjrfcfia. «B-b paHHean* 
ptTCTBt a yace xopomo no3HaKOMHJica cb yacacebrMT* npaspaKOM'b, c r b 

TOJIOAOM'b, KOTOpijfi HOMO nOTOMT> 6UJib MOHMI. nOCTOHHHIJM'b cnyTHH- 
KOMT>. fl MHOTO BeiTb 6hTBT> B'b KH3HH, HO B'b qilCJl'fe HXT. OOpbfia CT* 

rojiOAOM'b npHHa r n- 7 ieaciiT , b wl qHC-iy caMHX'b ynopHMx^.* HecMOTpa 

Ha BC6 9T0, BaiffiepH- pOCB SAOpOBbTM'L, CHJIbHUM'b MaJIbqettOMTi H 

hh pa3y ne 6o&ijrb, ecjiH He cqwTaTb xpoMOTy. Ot^ paHHefi BecHH 
AO no3Anefl ocohh Majbqnirb xoahji'b 6ochkom , b, B'b jioxMOTbaxT*. JKea- 
mHHK Ha puHKt jiK)6cBajiHCb po30BHMH h nyxjiHMH meKaMH Ma.Ib- 
qtiKa, ero KyApHBHiiii ^o.iocaMH h 6.iecTflm;HMH r.ia3aMH. KpecTbHHKH 
xajitjin TOJibKO, qTO cacHAeHOKt xpoMaerB*. 9th comajitRifl sacTa- 
bhjh qaA0JiK)6HByK) MaTb BaMSepn o6paTHTbca Kb sHaxapaM-b: aok- 
Top*b 6hjtl HeAOCTyneHii. «CpeACTBa h jiiKapcTBa, KOTopbia 6ujl\l 
HcnwTaHM Ha mh*, qTo6bi HSJitqHTb moh) xpoMOTy, — He nojw&JOTca. 
onncaHiH), — roBopnT'b BaM6epn.— Hyn^enbi 6hjh bti xoa'b caMbia H3y- 
MHTeJiBHUH GHaAo6bH h caiiHe HeBtpoaTHbie npieMw. MeHa ho TOJibKO 
EynaJiH bt> pa3JiiiqHbix , b TpaBaxi* h HaTiipajiH paaHbiMH Ma3HMH, ho 
nojibsoBaJH Taitace TajHCMaHaMH h HauienTbiBaHiflMH. Kor,a;a Bee wo 
ho Aa^o HHKaKHXt pesyjibTaTOB'b, MeHa hoaoschjih B'b nojnioqfc m 



6 | t O H E 0. 

nepeKpecTKi ppyxh Aoporb, ta^ Ha^o mhoio nienTauiH cTapbia u,h- 
raHKH. 8to eme mohho 611.10 TepniTb; ho xyace 6hjih omara qyAu- 
TBopi;eB , B h mapjiaTaHOB'b. Taira, Hanp., ao Moefl Maiepn Aonuia BicTb 
npo qyAecHtia H3jrfcqeHia, KOTopua A^aerb KaTOJinqecirift cBameHHHK'b 
H3*b AepeBBH PyAHO bt> CiBepHofi BeHrpiH. MaTb moh HeMeAJieEHO 
OTnpaBHJiacb kt> qyAOTBopijy BMtcTi co mhok). Taira KaKt TorAa ace- 
afeHbix'b Aopon> He 6wjio, to hoihjih mm ntniKOM'B. HHorAa A<>6po- 
AyinHufi KpecTLaHHH^ no3BOJiajn> HaMT* npnctcTb Ha ero HarpyjKeH- 

Hblft BOBt. HoCJlk MHOrHXt yTOMHTe.lbHMX'B AHefi Mil AoCpajnicb, 

HaKOHe^, ao AepeBHH. MaTb moh AOJ»Ha 6iuia a^tb BsaTKy xosaite't 
AOMa, ta* ffiHJnb CBameHHHK'b, qToGbi Hacb AonycTHjiH k'l HeMy. HyAO- 
TBopen.'b ueflbKOMT* B3rjiaHyjrb Ha moio Hory, Hanncajrb peijenrb (airre- 
Kapb fibiji'b bt> coioat co cBameHHHKOM'b) h oTnycTHjrb nacb, nocy- 
jihb'b CHCTpoe Hcn.'fcjeHie. Ho peijenrb He noMorb, h MaTb ptuiHJia 
ofipaTHTbcjj kt» APFOMy 3Haxapio, KysHeuy 113^ AepeBHH Tpy6T>. Btotb 
npH3HaBaji , b pimHTeJibHbiH onepaitfH. HaTb ahcS noA'b paA^ fiojibHyjo 
Hory napnjiH, ««ito6h pa3MarqHTb hchjih*, KaKTb oS'bacHiui'b snaxapb. 
Ha niecTofi A^Hb npncTynHJiH k-l onepaijin. MaTb BLiciajiH h3t> AOMa, 
a MeHH yjioacHJiH Ha nojrb. ,2,Ba 3AopoBeHeux , b u,HraHa, noApyqHEje 
KyaHeija, KptiiKO Aep^ajiH MeHH 3a MeqH u 3a hoth. 3arkM , L Kys- 
Heij'b Bcefi TaacecTbK) cBoeio ynajrb Ha Moe GojibHoe KOJiiHo, KOTopoe 
o6pa80BUBajio hohth npaMofi yrojrb. nocjiumajca CTpaurawfi Tpecicb, 
h a noTepajrb co3HaHie. KorAa a onaTb npHmen B'b ce6a, MaTb Moa 
njaKajia HaAO jihok). HoBpeacAeHHyio Hory BnpaBHjiH B'b rpyfiue jiyfiKH 
h Tyro 3a6HHT0BajiH. Hoao6hhh onepaijiH ao chx'b nopx npaKTHKy- 
iDTca eme bb BeHrpiH. KoHeqHO, OHa He AaJia HHRaKHXTb pesyjibTa- 
tob-b. Kasx TOJibKO Jiy6KH chhjih, koji^ho cHOBa corayjiocb, H MHi 
onaTb npHHijiocb nojbsoBaTbca koctw-iamh*. 

B'b mojioaocth BaM6epn TaKT. cajbHO cTpaAajn* orb rojoAa h xo- 
jtOAa, ^to BnocjiiACTBiH, bo BpeMfl CBoero 3HaMeHHTaro h eAHHCTBeH- 
Haro B'b CBoeMi poA* nyTemecTBifl no II,eHTpajibHofi Asia b-b bha* 
AepBHnia-HHmaro, — Oh* cpaBHHTejibHO JierKO nepeHOCHJiTb $ M3H1I 6cm 
jiHineHifl. 

DepBOHaiajibHoe cBoe o6pa30BaHie BaM6epn nojiy*iHjrb B'b oqeHb 
njioxoft eBpeftcKofl niKOJrk, ta* npo.HBH.iHCb 3aMt^aTeJibHbia cnoco6- 

HOCTH MaJIb^HKa. B'b BOCeMb Jlkvb OHT> OTJUTOO 3HaJTb 6k6mio h, 

KpoMt Toro, xopomo qHTajn> h nncajrb no-BeHrepcKH h no-HtMeuKH 
(BaM6epn ciHTaerb cbohmh poahrmh a3uuaMH BeHrepcKifl h cjiOBan,- 
Kifi). 6jecTflmHX'b cnoco6HOCTax'b Majib^HKa tobophjih TaK^ mhoto, 
wo MaTb BaM6epn ptmiua bo hto6h to hh CTajio a^tb eMy o6pa30- 
BaHie h cAtJiarb ero «aoktopom , b», qTO, KaKT> H3BtcTH0, a*h 6iAHUX'b 
eBpeeBi He TOJbKO BeHrpiH, ho h Poccin, npeACTaBjiaeTca KyjibMHHa- 
u.iOHHbiM'b nyHETOMi* cqacTba. Bi> to BpeMa BaM6epa, CTaBHiiit bdo- 
cjrfcACTBiH pauioHajiHCTOM'b, 6uj r b oqeHb pejiHrio3eH'b. «fl cKopte 
TorAa yMepi 6h orb rojiOAa, qtM'B Bsajn. 6u B'b porb nnmy, npuroTOB- 
leHayia He corjiacHO o6paAy,— roBopiirt saaMeHHTUfi opieHTajuicrb.— 



r 



8AHHCKH HAPW. 7 

JI nomeji'B 6u oxorate Ha nHTKy, qiMi, ^OTpoHyjca 6u #o cbhhhhh. 
H3t dpaxa o(5Ha»HTB rojiOBy, a KptnKo HaflBHrajrB Ha ynro manKy. 
U Kor#a pa3i> MajbquuiKH cojpa.ni ee MHi, a apoacajrB, KaKT> ochho- 
BHfi jihctb, y6*3KAeHHHft, qTo TenepB a HeMHHyeMO nonary b-b reeHy 
orHeHHyio*. 

HecMOTpa Ha tjj6okjjo pejHriosHOCTL, Man BaM6epn B3ajra ero 
H3^ eBpeficKofi niKOJiBi h OTflaaa bt» xpHCTiaHdtyio. 3a*cb yqajin Ha- 
qaTKaM'L reorpa$iH h ecTecTBeHHUXt Hayira. HlKOJia fiwjia Jiyqnie 
eBpeficKofi, ho Bee ace oqem> iiaoxa*. KpoMi nepeqncjieHfcBix'B npej;- 
MeTOB*B npenojiaBajicH, KOHeqHO, enje aaTHHCKifl aauwb, CTOHBinift 
Tor.ua b'b Bepmaffh yrjra SHama. CBifliHifl, coo6meHHHH iHKOJiofl, 
6u.i\i cKy^Htj, ho Bee ace ohh roBopiuH o coBpeMeHHoft hhshh, a He 
«o Bemaxt, npoHcxo^HBniHX'B Tucann jAtb TOMy Hasa^*, KairB bto 
flijajia eBpeflcKaa Hayita. MajieHBKifi BanSepH (eMy Mffnyjio flecHTB 
jiirB) pinrajrB TBepAO OBjantTB HayKott, KOTopyio eMy aaBajia maojia; 

HO BBinOJIHHTB ptffleHie 6BIJ0 H6 COBCtM'B JierttO. Bt^HOCTB CeMBH 

^ocTHrjia Tor.ua npe^tjia. Oapinafl cecTpa BaM6epH, HecMOTpa Ha to, 
qTO eft 6UJ0 tojbko 12 jrfcrB, AOJiacHa yse OHJia nocTynkTB bt> cjiy- 
ataHKH. HnmeTa ccmbh 6uja TaKT* BejiHKa, qTO MaTB, cnptna cepAne 
OTflaaa 6y^ymaro opieHTajHCTa Ha ciyacSy k'b a^mckomj nopTHOMy. 
HpHXO^HjfocB ocTaBHTB MeqTy o «^0KT0pcTBt». «fl o6yqajrc> eBpefi 
cKOMy A3HKy cHHa nopTHoro, 3a ito nocjrfcABiit nocBHmajrB MeHa b'b 
TaHHCTBa cMeTUBanifl no£oa,HKH». HayKa aTa njoxo flaBajacB MajB- 
qHKy. EoflMacTepBH cmIjhjihcb Ha^i» ero hcjiobkoctbh) h 6hjih ero. 
Repeal* Mic-sin* MaTB noHHJia, qTO cfltjiajia omnSKy, oT^aB'B BaMfiepn 
Kb nopTHOMy, ho y6tacfla;ia MajiB^EKa noTepniTB %o BecHBi, noTOMy 

qTO 3HM0fi eft OCOfieHHO TpyflHO 6BIJI0 npOKOpMHTB fltTeft. 

HacTynajio, HaKOHeij'B, Tenjoe BpeMfl, h y MajiBqHKa co3pijn» bt» 
tojiob* rpaH^io3HHfi miam*. «H piniHji'B He tojibko ocTaBHTB po^Hoft 

^0MT», HO H HOKHHyTB TOpO^OKT., B'B KOTOpOMl 2CHJI0 eflHHCTBeflHOe 

6ji?.3Koe MHt cymecTBO — MaTB. ^Jifl OAHHHa^uaTii-Ji'feTHflro MajiBqHKa, 
Hanaro, eflHHCTBeHHafl no^AepacKa KOToparo koctbtjih— -to 6btjio, ko- 
HeqHO, repowqecKoe ptmeHie. Oho nyrajio MeHH, ^aBBJio, 3acTaBjifljio 
njaKaTB. Ho qTO ^pyroe mohcho 6lijio CA^JiaTB? 51 He bha4ji , b hhoto 
nyTH ajih ^ocTHHceHia 3HaHia». MaTB no^epacHBajia MajiBqHKa bl ero 
ptraeHin: «yqncB h CTaHB ,hoktopom , l!» — roBopnjia OHa. YqHTBCH 
mo»ho 6bijio bx tomt» ace C.-reopreHi, omy^a BaM6epn nepeceJH- 
jihcb Eor^a-To; ho fl-ifl ocymecTB-ieHia n-iaHa hco6xoahmo 6ujio 3apa- 

60TaTB XOTB HtCKOJIBKO (J.IOpHHOB'B. H O^HHHaAIIiaTH-JltTHift MaJIBqHK'B 

nocTynaerb AOMauiHHM'B yqHTe.ieM'B ki* Ka6aTqHKy bx ^epeBHi Hejck'b, 
bx A B y^i» qacaxT> nyTH otb JI^yjia-MepAareJiH. 

IlponiJO h^ckojibko AHefi, npesAe qinx BaM6epa npiiBHKTb kt. 

CBOHM'B HOBLIM'B oeflaaHHOCTJJMT), KOTOpHH 6UJI0 AOBOJIBHO cJIOatHBI. 

By^ymeMy Hsc^AOBaTejiK) BocTOKa npHxoflHJOCB 6htb He* tojibko yqn- 
TeaeM'B (yqeHHRii 6ujn> jifo-B Ha mecTB CTapuie h AByMH rojiOBaMH 
BBime OAHHHaftii;aTH-jitTHjiro xpoMOHoraro MajBqHKa), ho Taoce h 



I 



t A I H £ 0. 

cjiyrofi h noAHOcqnK0MT> bi mHHKi. Btb npoAomeme qeTHpex* *a- 
coBt eaceAHeBao BaM6epn ofiyqajrb cBoero yneHHKa apiieMeTiiKt h 
ChSjuh; no yipaMi, ace h Be'iepaMi. npnxoAHJiocb HOAaBaTb bhho h 
BOAKy KpecTbaHaMTb, HAymMMi* Ha pafioTy hjh B03BpamaiomHMca c-b 
Hea. Ho nflTHimaM'B yqiiTejb, KpoM* Toro, incTiurb npa3AHH*iHoe 
njiaTbe h BaKCHjrb caaorH Bcefl ceMbH. Ha npH^auy yneHHEt nonaaca 
Ha pfeAKocTb jiiHHBHfi h rjiynufi. KorAa pa3T> yiHTeab, npHBeAeHHHfli 
btb OTiaame jrfcHbio yqeHHKa, o6o3Bajn> ero ckothhoS, Mopan^ (xaui 
sBajiH «CKOTHHy») Ha6pocHJicfl Ha BaMfiepn, noBajrajn* Ha nojrb h 
npHHJUica KOJOTHTb. Ha oTHaaHHufl kphk-b y^HTeJia npfl6i»ajia MaTb 
Mopaija, ho OHa 3acTynnjiacb «sa Aopororo MajibiHKa*. Botb noqeMy 

CTH^Ka'CL yHHTeJieMTb IIOBTOpilJiaCb HOTOMt HliCKOJIbRO pa3T>. flocjrb 

nojyroAnqHofl neAaronraecKofl AtflTeabHOCTH MajeHbKift BaMdepn B03- 
BpaTHJica AOMoft cqacTJiHBbiM'b oSaaAaTejeMi BocbMH $jopHHOB'b (okojio 
7 py6. 50 Ron.). 

3to 6hjtc» secb roHopapi 8a niecTb whcuupwh pafioTii. 



II. 

BaMfiepn npo6br.Tb flOMa ao ABiHaOTaTH jrfcrb, sarhMx owl cHOBa 
safipaai* cbobo MaaeHbKyio KOTOMKy c^ AByMH py6axaMH h nicKOJib- 
khmh KHiiscrraMH h, onapaacb na koctujib, bx conpoBOHAeHin iiaTepu 
ociaBH.i'b ^yHa-HepAareju. ,3,0 HpecGypra MajieHbKaro xpoMOHoaay, 
OTnpaBHBmarocH 3a SHameM^., noABest cepAoGoJibHtift KpecTbaHHH'b. 
MaJibrairb h Maxb ero npoBejin bt> ropoA* HicaojibEO AHefi, npn newb 
MajiehbKifi BaMfiepH He nepeciaBajrb yAHBjiBTbCH BejrHKOjrfcniK) aomob^, 
bt> cymnocTH OAHOBTaacHbiX'b h AOBOJibHO aca.iKHX'b. Hst Hpec6ypra 
nyTHHKH OTnpaBH^iicb Ha BOJiaxx bt* C.-reopreH'b. -3Atcb Htaifi rnpnTi 
TnpHay, mKOJibHbifi TOBapiint'b oma BaMfiepu, AaJi'B MajibqHKy «Aapo- 
Byjo KBaprapy*; 3aKJno?ajiacb OHa bt> towl, *ito 6yAymeMy opieHTa- 
.iHCTy pa3ptmajiH KasmyK) ho<u> npniiocTHTbca co CBoero aoACTHJKoft 
rA*-HH6yAb bx yoy bt, Kyxfffc. 

KorAa KBapmpa 6ujia o6e3neieHa, MaTb BaM6epn noBejia ero Kb 

AHpeKTOpy MOHaCTIJpCKOfi KOJJieriH, KOTOpufl npHEHJTb MaJIb^HKa B*b 

MJiaAmifi KJiaccb (Parva). HojioBHHa roHopapa, nojiyieHHaro otl Ka- 
fiaT^iiKa, nomja Ha njaTy 3a y^eme, Ha BTopyro nojoBHHy BaM6epn 
KynHJi-b yqefiHHKH. TaKHMT> ofipasoM^, MaabiHK'b ocTajica 6esT>' rponia, 
xoth Bonpocb 06^ bxh He 6ujn> eme paspiuieH'b. Ho TyTx Ha no- 
Momb aBHJiacb yAiiBHTe^bHaa cucTeMa GjiaroTBopnTejibHocTH y eBpeeBi. 
JI,o6pue jik)a», fioJibineK) qacTLio Kpafinie 6tAHflKH, npeAJioasHJiH MaJb- 
HHKy ofitAaTb y hhxx pa32» Bt He^JiK). BtAHue JiiOAH xoTb TaKJiM^ 
ofipaBOMt ffieuajiH noMo^b coiuieMeunHKy Ao6^Tbca 3HaHia. «IIecqacT- 
Hbie, 3a6HTbie, 3araaHHbie h 6esnpaBHHe jiioah, KaitHMH 6hjh TorAa 
BTb BeHrpin eBpen, — roBopnT'b BaM6epu,— BcerAa cb paAOCTbK) a*^h- 
JiHCb nocjiiAHHM'b KycKOMt cb loHoniaMH, acaacAaBniHMH 3Hama; to 



BAHHCKH HAPIH. 9 

6hjo npoaBjieme BHcmeft ryMaHHOGTH h 6iaropo^Haro cTpeMaema 
hocoShtb BOHonii B'b CTpeMJiema kt» cBfrry*. 

neAaroraqecKafl CHCTeMa B'B KOJiaeriii ocHosaHa 6bLia Ha syfipaqKfc; 
ho AJia MajeHbKaro BaMSepii, npHBtiKiuaro vlt> sayquBaHiK) nitjiuxt 
cTpaHH^ TajiMy.nHqecKHX'B cxojiacTaqecKHX'b TOHKoareft, He mooo 
6wtb h piqn oSx yMCTBeHHOM'B nepeyTOMJieHiH. Hocjrb eBpeflcKofi 
HayKH JiaTHHCKiii aauK'B, Hcropia, reorpa<|)ia h MaieMaTHKa Aasa- 
jmch MajibqiiKy myTii. Bt> MonacrapcKofi KOJUieriH npenoAaBaTean Ha- 
jierajiH, rjiaBHMM'L o6pa30MT», Ha jiaTHHcdfi asHK'b, KOTopuJi fiujit 
paaroBopHLiM-fc aawKOMt bl mKOJit. MaabqHKH, yjmqeHHbie bt> Taac- 
EOM-b npecTynjieHin pa3roBopa Ha poAHHX'b aawKax'b (Bwkvrb yqii- 
JiHCb BeHrepn.br, H'fcMii,bi h caosaKH), aojukhu 6wjih bt> HaKaaaHie Ha- 
nHcaTb ho ABaAijaTH pa3i> «sum, es, est» h t. a- Ci ivfcflbro pac- 
Kptrria npecTynaenifl niKOJbHoe HaqajibCTBo bbcjio npaBHJibHyK) ch- 
cTewy mnioncTBa. Oahh'b hst* niKOJjbHHKOB'b hoctoahho bochju. Vb 
co6oro, Taicb Ha3HBaeMyio, «ocjiHHyK) KHnry» (Liber asini). KaK'b 
areHT'b-npoBOKaTop'b, ohte> saroBapHBaji'b c*b MaJibqHKOM'b Ha ero po#- 

HOM'L fl3HK*. ECJIH MajibqHK'b OTBiiaJI'b nO-BCHrepCKH HJIH H0-CJI0- 

BaiiKH, a He no-JiaTMHH, — agent provocateur HeMeA-neHHO BcoBHBajrb 
H3jioBJieHHOMy npecTynHHKy «ocjmHyjo KHHry», co cjiOBaMii: «Inscribas 
amicel* (Bnumn cboo hmh, Apyrae!) H npecTynHHK-b ofiasaH'b 6bun& 
aanncaTb CBoe hmh, qTO BJieoo 3a cofioio nopity B'b SjiHJKafimyH) 
cy66oTy. Ci> laKHM^ ace ycepAieM'b HacaacAajiacb B'b KOJUieriH KaTO- 
jaqecRaa flHcijHnjiHHa. Majibqiinn jiroTepaHe, KajibBHHHCTH h eBpeH 
o6fl3aRH 6buni TBepAHTb: «Veni Sancte Spiritus, reple tuorum corda 
fidelium*, « Pater noster» h «Ave Maria». Be* hhob^pi^h o6a3aHti 
6ujin npacyTCTBOBaTb Ha ypoKaxTE* 3aK0Ha Boacia (KaTOJiaqecKaro). 
HM'b BciM'b Bocnpemajiocb npHHocHTb ct> coCoio B'b oaccb mhco no 
nHTHnn;aM'b. Oahhmtj cjiobomt*, npenoAaBaTejiH BcaqecKH dapajiHCb 
o6paTHTb Bctx'b MajibqnKOB'b BT> KaTOJinuH3M r b. Pe3yjibTaT"b nojiyqajica 
€OBepraeHHO hhoE: nocjrfcflCTBieM'b nojiiin;eficKaro OTHoraema K'b peja- 
rin Chjit* nojiHbifi HH/i ) n$(J)epeHTH3M'b kt> Heft. 

Ban6epH fibidpo ciajiT* BTopuM r b yqeHHKoirb B'b oacct; nepBHM'b 
OH'b He Morb c^tjiaTbCH, noTOMy qio He yqnjn> icaTexH3Hca. Cte» Bonpo- 
comt> o ctoji* ii KBapTnpi aImo o6ctohjio He Taicb xopomo, Kant cb 
yqeHieM^. MajibqHK'b HMtJi^ Tenepb bt> neA^iio yace He ceMb 064^08^, 
a TOJibKO qeTbipe. «fl iioctohhho qyBCTBOBaji'b Myicn ro-io^a, — roBO- 
pHTi) BaMfiepH. • Oporaa flidm, na KOTopoft a BLraym.neH'b 6uz , b ch- 
^frrb, TO^bKO B036yacAajia Moii h 6e3T» Toro 3AopoBbift anneTHTT.. He 
Mory nepe^aTb Moe HacTpoeHie, Kor^a a, rojo^Hbifi, cnjifcjrL B'b yoy 
bi» niKOjii n yqEJi^ ypoKH, bt, to Bpeiia KaK'b moh TOBapnmH 3aBTpa- 
sajiH*. Kor^a MajibqHK'b neperae.i'b bt» CTapmift oaccb, B'b Secunda, 
kt» rojioay npn6aBHJiacb HOBaa 3a6oxa o tomt>, rjit nociaTb Heo6xo- 
AflMbie yqeOHHKH. Ha npn^aqy, npenoAaBaie-ib bte» Cenyndrb He otjih- 
qa.ica t»kok) TOJiepanTHocibio K'b enpeaM'b, KaK'b MOJiOAofi MOHaxT> B'b 
ncpBOM'b Baacci. IIobhA yqmejib 6un r h k>ao$oo^, AacTaBJiaBiuift ce6t 



10 & I H B 0. 

yjOBOJBCTBie BT. myTRaX'B Ha^ MaJbqHKOM'b, KOTOpHfl H6 CMtai OTfli- 

thtb H3i> CTpaxa npejrfc HsrHameMt. 

— Hy, Momejie (KOJUieKTHBaaa oiraca eBpeeBTb bb tomt> Mtcii) t 
aa^tM'B Te64 y^HTbca? Jlyqme caijjiafica pIjbhiikom'b h upo^aBafl 
«KoniHpHoe» Maco, — octphjtl' npenoAaBaTejib. He cmotph Ha to, wo 
MajiLqHK'B y^HJica eme Jiyqine, itarb b*b MJiajjuiefl «$opM*h», npenoAafia- 

TeJIb 4^3^ npHHI^Hna» CTaBHJI'b eiiy AypHHH GTATfcTRH, 1T06bI *B6 

BHABHraTb acH.ua Biiepe;vb». ♦Bx to BpeMa, — 3aM*h»iaeTL BaMSepn,— 
eBpeficKifi Majib^HK'B vl Maiibix'b jrfcrb nojiyqa-Tb npeACTaBJieme p 
tom'b, hto eMy npeACTOHTb HcnwTaTb bt> hch3hh. Ha yjiHii.ax'b unar^a 
3a mhoh) rHajiHCb xpHCTiaHCKie Majib^HKii; MeHH TpaBHJiH co6ai;aMii, 
3a6pacHBaJiH KaMHaMH, KpMqajiH Bci,ivb: «Shide Makhele! JlepI 
Hep! HepU 

^epesTb MHoro Jiivrb, Kor#a hmh BaMoepn HporpeMta) Bcio.ay, n 
Koiyja owl Ba3BpaTHJicH Ha poflHHy nocjrfc BocTopaceHHaro npiewa b'l 
Ahtjuh h bo 3>paHijiH, — bt> Heurrfe, Ha napa.a.HOM'b 6aHKerfc, ycTpneH- 
HOMTb aKa^eMiefi Hayifb bt> iecTb 3HaMeHHTaro opieHTajniCHTa, KTrHtiMy 
noflomeJi'b CTapHK'b. «Bh — BOcnHTHBajHCb oaho BpeMa bt> KOJueriH 
Bt C. reoprenfe, — Haqajrb CTapHK'b. fl flo.meH'b Bupa3HTb Bant ry 
rop^ocTb, KOTopyro HcnuTHBaerb Koxaeria orb co3Hama, *rro imkm 
Bt cbohxt. crbHaxt TaKoro ,n;o6jiecTHaro sejiOBina*. BaMSepn y3Haa*L 
BTb cTapntti Toro npenoAasaTejiH, JiK)6HTe.ia eBpeficKHX'b aHeK^OTOHi., 
KOTopbifi Kor^a-TO coBfrroBajrb eiiy 6pocHTb yqeme h CTaTb pt3Hii- 
komti. Ho Kor.ua MajbqHK'B HaxoAHaca Bt Cenyndtb, &o noiecTefi 6hjio 
eme jjajieKO. «TojibKo pas'b bt> He^jno a HMfcjrb HacToamifi oSiut, — 
HHrnerb Baii6epH,— 3hmok> a Apoffiajn* bch) Ho^b orb xojo^a Ha nony 
bt> KyxHt. Koiyja moh HHmeTa flocTHna KpafiHHX'b npe.n.'fejiOB'b, na^o 
mhok) cacajuHJica MOHaxx — y^HTejib nepBaro KJiacca. T Iepe3 , b ero no- 
cpe^CTBo mhIj aajra pa6oTy: BaKCHTb canorn npotfteccopaM'b b% moh<i- 
crapfy A^fl ^ero a HBJiajica paHO yTpoMT>. BuaojiHaji'b a pa6oTy bt> 
KoppH^opi npn apKOMi. orfli bt> ne^Ki, KOTopufi He TOJibKO corp'fe- 
Bajn» MeHa, ho h fla.Baji'b B03i;o»HOCTb npnroTOBHTb ypoKH». 3to 
npaBO rptTbca y ne^KH ^a eme BpeMa otb BpeMeHH HicKOJibKO Kap- 
To$ejiHH'b cocTaBJiajiH bck) 3apa6oTHyio njiaTy saTpy^. «Bt>C. Teop- 
reH* a Hcntrrajrb rojiOA'b, xojioa'b, HacMiniKH h ocKop6jieHiH». Bt 
paHHeMT> B03pacT*fc yace BaMSepa npHCTpacTHJica kx ^TeHiio, b^ 
oco6eHHOCTH, nyieraecTBifi no BocTOKy. HHiepeeHaa EHnra sacTaBjiajia 
MajibHHKa 3a6uTb npo rojiOA'b. 

Bis MOHacTHpi MajieHbKifi BaM6epn nepeacHirb pejmrio3Hwfl Kpn- 
8HCb. Bee to, ito MaJibHHKT> BH.n.'tJi'b, 3acraBJiajio ero OTHOcnibca 
paBHOAyuiHO kt> o6pajioBofi pe.inriH. BnocjiiACTBia, no^b BJiiaHieMi. 
SHn.HKJOLone^HCTOB'b, HHAH$$epeHTH3M , b nepepo^HJica B'L pai^ioHajiiiaii'L. 
«fl Be More* He 3aMtTHTb KOHTpacTa Meac^y T4M*b, HeMy MOHaxa yqiurn 
h ito A^ajiH, — roBopnT'b BaM6epn». Meac^y rbwb o6cToaTe.iLCTBa 
coa^EiBajiHCb Taifb njioxo ftJia Majib^HKa, ito oh-b pifflHjn>- nepefliH 
nvb hikojih b-b C. TeopreHi B r b Hpecfiypi^ bi» HaAeacA*, «to at 






8AHHCKH n^PIH. 11 

6ojibniOM'L ropoflfc Haft/jeT* h 6oibine 3Hama a jryqmyro B03MoacaocTb 
npoKopMHTtca. IIo coB'feTy Maiepn, MajibiHKi* pimHjrb OTnpaBHTtca 
npeABapHTejibHO Ha «ot,h;hx'b» He^tjiH Ha ^Bt Kb poACTBeHHHKaMT>, 
shbhihm'l bt, JlyHfleHSyprh fBi. MopaBia). Tairb Rairb cpejjcTB'b He 6mjio, 
to nyTb npeACTOfljio coBepnmTb ntniKOM'b. Bt» Hpec6yprb MajibqHK'b 
npaSbiJi'b 6e3i> rpouia. /I,o6pHB (ftyproHmHicb corjiacnjica no^BecTH 
ero flapoan> ,no BtHH, ec.HH MaabqHK'b «yxHTpHTca noMicTHTca B'b 
njieiymirb am c*Ha no3a;jH B03a». B'b Biwh BaM6epa pasucKaa-B 
flajibHaro poACTBeHHHKa, KOTopufi /jan* na 6njierb ao JIyH,neH6ypra: 
bt> 1845 r. 3Keji43HaH flopora s^tcb 6HJia yace nocTpoeHa. Harha 
bt> KapMaH* ni-fejitift KanHTa.Tb, BaMfiepn He ycToajrb nepe^ HCKyme- 
HieMi» h HaKynaji'b ce6* Htc.KOJibKo numeK'b cl MacjiOMi*. H botl Ha 
CTaHnin, nepecinraB'b ^eHbrn, MajbqHK'b ex yacacoirb yetflMca, ito 
y Hero He XBaTaerb Ha fiiuierb. Tairb Kara %o OTxo^a noi3,a;a ocvra- 
Bajiocb yace He MHoro BpeaieHH, to npHxoflHJiocB; flisficTBOBaTb BHep- 
rnqHO. H botb, HaGpaBiuncb MyacecTBa, MajibqiiKT* noflomejrb wb rpynni 
naecaaaipoB'b h o6paTHJica no JiaTbiHH: 

— Domini spectabiles, rogo humillime, dignemini mihi dare ali- 
quantos cruciferos qui iter ferrarium solvendi mihi carent (t. e. 
</I,ocTonoqTeHHLie rocno^a! He aaflHTe jih bh mh* HicROJbKO KpeflmepoB'b, 
TaKi* Kara mh* He XBaTaerb Ha noKynay acejrfc3HO,nopoHCHaro CnjieTa). 
JIaTHHCKaa piqb, npoH3HeceHHaa MajieebKHM'b, xpoMOHorHM'b, o6op- 
BaHHHM'b Ma.ibqaKOM'b npoH3Beia BiieqaTjrfeHie. UaccaacHpbi co6pajiH 
Meac/iy co6ok) He^ocTaBaBHiifi $jiopnH'b. BaafSepn Kyniurb 6njierb h 
,Ho6pajica flo JIyH,ieH6ypra, nvfc pa3bicKaji , b poflCTBeHHHKOB-b. Ohh 
xopomo npHHajiH MajibquKa, «iio;i;kopmhjih» ero, aajiH hoboo HJiaTLe 
h HtcKOJibKo $jiophhobt», qTofiu ao6paTbca Ha3a/VB ao IIpec6ypra. Sn^Cb 
MaJb^HK-b oqeHb fiucTpo y6t,ijHJica, ito eMy ^pe^CTOHrb scnsHb iiyqe- 
HHKa». Haqajiacb .pHHHaa jrfcTonncb roJio^aHifi h yHHxemfl eme 
ropnmx'b, qijrb bt> C. TeopreHi. Koraa BanSepn aBHJica B'b Kajureriro 
6eHe,pi£THBijeB'b, qTo6w 3anncaTbca bt» TpeTbK) «$opMy», peKTopi*, 
OTei^ AjOH3i&, cKa^aji'b MajibHHKy: 

— H TaK'b, Tepraejib, th sa^yMajrb cxaTb ^OKTopoM'b, hh fiojibme 
hh MeHbme! 

cToT'b $aKTb, hto MeHa npe»^;e Ha3UBajH «Momejie», a Tenepb 
«repmejb», — HHCKOJibKO He cMymajrb MeHa, roBopHTi* BaM6epn. — Ho 
no HacMtmjiHBOMy TOHy a mofb aaotoqHTb, hto MeHa scjierb Bnepe^H. 
H r n*acTBHTejibHO, a HHKonja He 3a6y^y rh Tpn ro.ua, KOTopbie npo- 
Be-i'b B'b npecSyprcKofl KOJueriH. fl He Mory 3a6biTb nynux-b myTOR-b 

Ha^O MHOH) CO CTOpOHH MOHaXOB-b H HXT. HaqiXTb He MOTHBHpOBaHHyK) 

3Jio6y. — MeHa jno chxt* nopi» nopa^aeTT* OTcyreTBie TOJiepaHTHOCTH, 
ot'l KOToparo a Taai> cTpaAaJi'b bt» MOHacTbipi*. BaM6epH, He caioxpa 
sa xpoHH^ecKiii tojioa^ h Ha npec-i*AOBaHia, yqnjica BejiHKOJitnHO. 
Oht* yace xor^a npoafiMji-b nopa3HTejibHua jiHHrBHCTHsecKia chocooho- 
cth Kponi JiaTiiHCKaro a3HKa, KOTopbiM'bMajibqHK'bOBJiaA'hJi'bBiiojiH'b, — 
oh^ B'b TpaHaanaTb JitTi BHajn* xopomo em,e BeHrepcaifi, HiMei^aifl, 



1 



12 X I • H E 0. 

cjioBauKifi b ApeBHe-eBpeftcKifl H3HKH. Baifoepa caMoyiKofl npiiHaiie* 
na 0paHi^y3CKiS a3BiKB h 6ucTpo oBjiaAt-iB hmb. «J^a npaKTHKH* 
Ma.ib t iaKT> oGpamajica cb ptquMH Ha $paimy3CK0MB a3HKi p-feina- 

TeJtHO KO BCtMB, BOKWHTeJIbHO AO BCHrepCKHXB KpCCTBaHB, Hpit3- 

acaBiiiHxi Ha pbihokb. «3to Oijjio eAHHCTBenHoe Moe pa3BJieqeme, 
TaKi. KaKB jvfcjia nun H3B pyKB bohb djioxo. HtTB, KaseTca. hh 
uABoro KaMHfl bb Ma.icHLKOMi» AynaficKOMB ropoAK*, KOTOpidti He 
uorh 6u pa3CKaaaTj» ropecTHyio HCTopiK) npo to, KaKB a roaoAaJiB h 
dpa^aJiB ott> xojioAa bb to BpeMa*. Pa3B bb occhhjoio HoqB 
BaneopH ocTajica coBcbMB 6e3B Hoqjiera. Ohb 6poAHJn> no yjaijaMB 

CO BC'liMB CBOHMB HMymeCTBOMB, — CB HfcCKOJIbKHMH KHHJBKaMH HOAB 

MbiiriKofi. «Bimo okojio A^BflTH qacoBB, KorAa a, coBepmeHHO o6e3CH- 
jwuhuA ot-b rojioAa h ycTajiocTii, onycTiuica HacKaMbio, HafiyjBBapi. 

IlpOTlIBB MeHfl CTOflJTB OAHOBTaXHBlfi AOMHKB. Bb OCBimeHHbitf OKHa 
fl BlI^tjIB AHTefl, ySHHaBIDHXB 3a CTOJIOMB, CJQLbimaJIB 8ByKH niaHHHO. 

Gi'iaaBie h qyBCTBO nojraaro OAHHoqecTBa OB-iaAiJiH mhok), a ropBKO 
saruaitajiB*. Ho, He CMOTpa Ha OTqaaHHHa jraineHia, BaMSepn yqajca 
lopomo h npoinexB TpeTbio, a hotomb qeTBepTyio «ff)upaiu», Majb- 
uukb, He AOBOJibCTByacB niKOJibHofi HayKofl, qHTajB oqenb MHoro, KaKB 
Bet caMoyqKH, ohb ckjiohchb 6ujtb nepeon,*HHBaTb cboh aaaHia- 
Karb y BctaB caMoyqeKB, ohh npHHajia OAHOCTopoHHifi xapatrrcpB: — 
bb a^hhomb cjiyqai to 6buio H3yqeHie a3biK0BB. 3HaHii5 mb uwtju 
to nocjiiACTBie, hto no BceMy ropoAKy, bb ocoSchhoctii cpeia CBpeft- 
cuaru Haceaema, pacnpocTpanajiacb cjiaBa npo yqeHodb Banfiepu. 
y hito aBHJiHCB rponieBbie ypoKH. Ban6epH yqH.TB ?tciuk) n niicbMj 
sa upaBO HoqenaTb bb KyxHt, nacajiB RyxapKaMB u ropuiiiBLiMB 
billets doux bb o6iitHB 3a o6$ab h up. 3rn oieHTtuf iipuaaraaAn- 
pQBajH cjiaBy MOJioAoro yqeHaro cpeAH cbohxb xo3aeitB. Pa3B Beqe- 
poar&, no npeooaceHiio ceHTHMeHTajibHtffl KyxapKH, BJuuGjcfiHolt no 
vnin bb canoacHHKa, BaatOepH cnijiB eft noAB aKKomiaiinaitmrB rn 
japu HapoAHyso ntceuKy: 

.Schone Minka, ich muss scheMen, 
Ach, du ftthlest nicht die Leiden - . 

(i t e. «DpeKpacflaa MuHKa, a A^JiaceuB pa3CTaTbca ci to6oid. TbuI 
Tu ne BHaeuibMonxB CTpaa;aHifi»). CHJibHiift h 3B0HKift fojocb Majib- 
tns4 upoHMKB bb rocTHHyio h, noBUAMMOMy, npoH^Bcrb xopouiee 
BiieiaTJi'feHie Ha X03afiKy n ea AO^epefi. Baii6epH iioiwaaw bb APy- 
ryio Kt^MHaTy, ta* eMy irpeAJioacnjiH em,e niTb. Kpont loro, xoaaHKa 
peKOMtiBAOBajia MajbqnKa cbohmb 3HaK0MWMB (eBpeaa^, iioTiJMy qio 
bb to BpeMa, ao peBOJHon,in 1848 roAa, Mipu xpucria ncidfl u eupefi- 
CKifi bb npec6ypri HHKorAa He CMtuiiiBajmcb), KaKB xopomaro y^iH- 
-re.iH BeHrepcKaro, tj)paHuy3CKaro n jiai'MHCKaro a3UK0UTn Bo^narpa- 
acAeRie 6wjio 6o.ibme ^iMB cicpoMHoe: A»a $JiopnHa btj wkcar^Bj % e, 
no qeiBipe KonefiKH 3a ypoKB. TaKB KaKB BaM6epti jimIlib eate- 

lllUBHU TpH ypOKa, TO Ha 12 KOH. «MOTB SHTB CB KOM^OpTOMB*, 



t 



i 



BaHHCRH HAPIH. 18 

K&Rt owb nnmerb. Bjaronojiyqie ero aocthimo TaRHXT> paaMipoB*, 
ito oht> Mon> Aaae, in» BeaHKofl cBoefl ropAOdH, o6jaiHTLca Bino- 
HoineHHLie miaHu h btt ciopTyR'b, npio6ptT6HHHe Ha cotfcwtfewww/i 
8apaooTaHHHa fleHbru. Ho cyAb6a nocnimHJia HanoMHHTb iiajibqHRy, 
qTO Sjiaronoayqie He nocmaHHO. B'b 1848 r. Haqaaacb B'b BeHrpia 
BOfiHa 8a ocBo6oa,fl;eHie. Kaifb bcsa* b"b hoao6hmx^ cjiyqaax'b vh 
He3anaMaTHHX'b BpeMeFb, BparH ocBo6o»AeHifl BuciaBHJiH bhhobhh- 
KaMH ero eBpeeBt h HaipaBHjiH Ha hmxi TOJiny. Bt BenrepcRHXTb 
ropo^ax^ BcioAy Haqajracb aHTneBpeilcRie norpoMBi. 9ro He hom*^ 
niajio eBpeficKoft MoaoAesH npHcoeAHHHTbca rt> BOScTaHiio; OHa Apa- 
jiacb bt> pa^axTb BeHrepcKHX'B BoflcK'b sa ocBofioacAeaie o6mefi poahhh. 
Bm4ct4 cb BeHrepcKHMH naTpioTaMH, Kor^a ABHaeeme 6ujio paa^a- 
BJieHO, espen thhjih bi, aBCTpiftcRax'b RaseMaTax'B hjih hijib Ha 
eraa^orb. H Roraa, HaRoneivb, una BeHrpia HaarynajiH ayqinie ahb, 
eBpen 6njih Taifb cpaBHeHbi B'b npaBax^ vl ocTajibHbiM^ Hacejie- 
HieMi». 

Ho BceMy BTOMy, npeacAe Bcero, npeAuiecTBOBajiH norpoMti. Tojina 
pasrpoMHjia, Meamy upoqairb, npec6yprb. EBpeflcRia jiaBRa 6hjih 
orpa6jieHii, a AOMa coacaeeHH. ^iaiejibHafl, saacHTO^Hafl oSmana 6buia 
coBepraeHHO paaopeHa. Baiidepa He Morb npaHflTb yqacria B'b 6opb6* 
sa ocBo6o»AeHie BeHrpia, noioMy qTO 6hjtb en;e aiajrb h rt> TOMy ace 
KajrfcKa; ho owh coxpaHujrb BOcnoMHHame o aeecroROM'b ycMapema B03- 
ciama. «fl ao chx^ nopi* He Mory 3a6biTb Ra3Hefl BeHrepcKoxii na- 
xpioTOB'b, KOTopbixTb aBCTpiaKH HasHBajia «6yHT0BmHKaMH» h «pas- 
6ofiHHKaMH». Ha HiKOTopHX'b Ka3Hax'b a npncyTCTBOBajix, npiiBJie- 

HeHHHfi A'fc'TCKHM'b JHOOontlTCTBOM'b. ^Bi CIjeHbl B'b OCOSeHHOCTH 

naMHTHu Mat. HpeacAe Bcero, EasHb 6apona MeAHiaHma, ROMaHAHpa 
MajieHbKofi KptnocTH JIeouo.ibAHiTaATa, bshtoS aBCTpiftijaMH, h ero 
TOBapnma TpySepa. 06a 6mjih mojioau h cMiaaacb, KorAa pyaa B'b 
pyKy injiH Ha Ka3Hb. KorAa a bha^'b, KaR'b cjiyra RaMapajiia hsa*- 
BajiHCb HaA'b rbjiaMH bthxx naTpioTOB'b, RaqaBmHMaca na Bacijiaij'fc, 
K2lkt> Aeprajiii noBtmeHHux'b sa Horn, B'b Moeft rpyAH saRanajia 
aca«Aa Mniema. He Menie cHJibHoe BneqaTjilnie npou3Bejia Ha Mesa 
Ra3Hb JiroTepaHCRaro CBameHHHRa Pamra, npHcy»ACHHaro izb Bact- 
jmnfc sa naTpioTHqecRyro nponoBiA^*. 

H*Mii 1 H-uo6'hAHTeJiH AepaajiH ce6n RpaflHe BHSHBaiome no otho- 
ineHiio ro BctMi. 8anoA03ptHHHM r b B'b coqyBCTBin noBdaHi;aBrb. Boti. 
noneMy nojioseme eBpeB-b B'b Dpec6ypri yxyAHiHJOCb nocxb pasrpoMa 
BeHrpiH. BaMfiepa, noaTony, piiiiHJTb ocTaBHTb ropoA'b. K^ TOMy ace 
eBpeficRoe HacejieHie 6wjio coBepmeHHO pasopeHO, h ypoRH HC4e3Jii. 
Majib 1 iHR r b npiiHAJTb npurjiaineHie HeSoraTaro eBpea H3i MapieHTa-ia 
6tiTb y Hero AOManiHHM'b yqnTejieM-b. Hepes'b ceMb Mtc < an;eB'b BaM- 

6epH B03BpaTHJICfl BT> HpecSyprb Cb FliCROJIbKHMH $J0pHHaMH B'b 

RapMaH* h ptmeHieM'b ocTaBHTb 6eHeAHRTHHCRyio ROMeriro (MajibqaRii 
nepeuiejrb yace b^ mecTofi, nocjitAHift RJiaccb*) h nociynHTb B'b npo- 
TecTaHTCRifi mufiH, npenoAaBaieJiH ROToparo OTHOciuncb 6ojrfce Tep- 



14 A I E K 0, 



nniio kt> eBpe^nfB, qiii'b MOHaxn. «Be3npepHBHHa npecjrfcflOBama co 

CTOpOHH (ftaHaTHKOB'b-MOHaXOB'b COBepmeHHO H3My»IHJlH MeHH, — rOBO- 

pHTt BaM6epn. — Mh4 6hjio yace BoceMHawaTB jifrrb. BocbMHjrfcTHaa 
6opb6a ct> rojiOAOMt yTOMHJia MeHa. CocToame Moero ayxa 6hjio #o 
TaKofi cTenean noAaBJieHo, qTo a pimajrb npeKpaTHTb yqeme Ha 
roflt h B3aTb MicTo flOManraaro yqmejia TKkKu6yjt,b m> flepeBFfe, 
# qTOOH yKpinHTB chabi h HaROUHTB i;oe-KaKia cpeflCTBa jpa npoKOJ- 
raema yqema*. 

III. 

BaMSepn ocymecTBHJi'L cbok) MeqTy: oht* nonaj'b yqHTejieM'b kte» 
HefioraTOMy noMtmaKy IleTpHKOBHqy, qejioBtKy 6e3i> npeApa3cy,n;K0B'B. 
/I,jia BaM6epH ycjiOBia 6hjih 6jiecTamH: 150 $jiophhob'b bt> rofl'b Ha 
iiojihomt* coAep»aHiH. IIpeno^aBaTeJb nojuKeHT* Shut ofiyqara AByx* 
MajibqHKOB'L HHOCTpaHHHM'b asHRaMi., a cefia caMoro nocBamaTb b'b 
TanHCTBa o6pamema cb bhjikoS, HOweM'b h caji$eTKofl. Rjlh. 64£Haro 
eBpeficKaro MajibqiiKa, iipnBLiKinaro HoqeBaTb Ha yjiHn$, howl Mea- 
KonoMicTHaro 3eMJieBJiaA f hJibn,aKa3ajica ji;Bopn;oM'bH3 r bBOJiuie6Hoft CTpaHH. 
Ho 6jiaaceHCTB0 KOHqajiocb bte» 1851 r„ Eor^a yqeHHKH BaM6epn no- 
cTynHJH b'b HiKOjiy. Eyaymifi opieHTajracrb onaTb oqyTiuica Mii;oM , b 
Kt jumy el Hyac^OK). HpHHuiocb B3aTb mIjcto flOManraaro yqHTeaa sa 
KBapmpy h ctoj'b. «Cjiobo mapmupa 3Byqnrb oqeHb rpoMKO. B r b 
^tficTBUTe.ubHucTH, a HMtJi'b npaBO cnaTb B'b KOMHarfc &m npHCJiyra, 
r^i. EpoMt MeHa, cnajiH eme Kyxapaa, ropHaqHaa h peSeHOK'b. Hto 
ase KacaeTca «cTOJia», to oht* 6urb HacTOJibKo CKpoMem>, qTO bqcho- 
MHHanie o HeM'b coxpaHajiocb cKopte y MeHa B'b naMaTH, qisM* b^ 
ace.iyAKt». TaK'b KaKT> BaMfiepa He Morb aanaaTHTb BCTynHbixi 
mecTnawaiH ^jiopkHOB'b, to nparajiocb ocTaBHTb mhcjr> o npo- 
flOJiaceiriH o6pa30BaHia B'b mKOJrb. Ohx HHKor.ua He 6bun» vb yHHBep* 
cHTexi h Bc/feMH SHamaMH ofiasaH'b TOJbKO caMOMy ce6k. BaM6epH 
odaBHJKb MMCJb oS'b onpetfkieHHoii npo$eccin, h TaK'b KaK'b upaxoflH- 

JlOCb aCHTb qtM-b-HHSy^b, TO Offb CTaJI'b HCKaTb ypOKOB'B HHOCTpaHHBDCb 

a3HK0B'b. B'b to BpeMa BaM6epn 3Hajrb yace xopomo HiMeijiufl, $paH- 
nyscKifi, HTajibHHCKift, jiaTHHCKifl, ApeBHe-eBpeficKifi, BeHrepcaifi h 
cjioBai^icifi H3HKH. yqeHHKaMH ero 6hjih, npeHMyntecTBeaHO, eBpen. 
«MeHfl Bcer,na nopaacajio CTpeMJieHie ^aase Han6ojiie rpyfinx'b h Haa- 
MeHte rpaM0THHXT> eBpeeB'b jjaTb nopa^oqHoe o6pa30Bame cbohstb 
Atiaai-b, — roBoparb BaMoepn.— 9th jiio^h He KajrfcjiH noejii^Haxi* 
cpeACTBi), qTo6H ^ocTaBHTb flfrrHM'b B03MoacHOCTb yqHTbca». 

YcjiOBia onaTb cjJOEMiHCb 6jiaronpiaTHO jyis. BaM6epn, h ofb 
nojiyqHJi'b wbcw ^OManiHaro yqaTejia y saasHToqHaro eBpea, h4- 
Koero Po3eH6epra, acHBmaro b*b KyTieBO, A^peBHt B'b CjiaBOHia. 
TaK'b ita*i> BaMoepa oTflaBajrb cBOHjfb yqeaHKaM-b TOJbKO mecTb 
qacoB'B B'b AeHb, — to y Hero ocTaBajiocb BpeMa mb jmo6hmhxi sa- 
eaTiii $HJiojioriefi. B'b ftepeBHi 0Wb B nepBHe Haqajii aaHHMaTbca 



typei^EHMi munowby <ito HaTOJiKHyjio BaM6epa Ha MHCJib o6t> nay*- 
qemH BocTOtta. Pa6o^efi KOMHaiofl cayacHJia Bcer^a KaRaa-HH6yAb 
ye^HHeHHaa AOJiHHa. BaM6epn c^ fliTCTBa dpacTBO jhoShjh* npH- 
poay. flpuoe yTpo iiphboahjio ero B r b xopomee HacTpoeme Ha bccl 
AeHb. KpoM* npHpo^H, BaM6epii jho6hjh> eme no33iK>. Ha KajEAOMi* 
hobom'b H3HK4, kotophB H3yqajrb, 6y,nymifi Hacji^oBaTejiL BocToaa, 
npex^e Bcero, nporaxtiBajTb no3xoB r b. 

Bt> ^epeBHi kx ccmh aBUKaarL, ftoxopue BaM6epn sHsurb yace, 
oht> npH6aeHJi'B eme HcnaHCKifi, fla/rcKifi h mBe^CKifi. H3yqeme xy- 
pen,Karo aauaa Tome 6bicxpo noABHraaocb Bnepejvt; ho HAnajraqecKOMy 
npe6uBamio bi> aiaBOHCKofi .nepeBH* npainejrL HeoacHAaHHHft KOHei^b. 
Po3eH6eprB 6hjtb o^eHb ^oBOJieH'B BasiSepH, Kaieb ymiTenewb; ho 
oqem> He^OBOjeHt t*mte> BnenaxjrfcHieM'b, KOTopoe npoH3BejiH Ha mojio- 
Aoro qejiOBtKa upeKpacHbie raa3a cecTpu ero yqeHHKOB'b. Bb pesyjib- 
Tart BaM6epH nojiy^HJTb OTdaBKy. Oh*l oxnpaBHjrca bt> BtHy BB Ha- 
AexAi, ?xo T&wb HafiACTca cnpocb Ha ero JiHHrBHCXHqecKifl 3HaHia; 
ho oaJHAaHifl He oitpaBAajiHCb, h BaM6epH npnnuioGb oxnpaBHXbca 
o6paTHO b-b BeHrpiio, bt> Heinrb. 3ji$cb, bt> sajisofl aoMHaxicfc Haffb 
naSaKOMt, He cmotph Ha oTiaaHHyro HHmexy h Ha B4<rayK) noroflK) 
3a rpofflOBHM'b 3apa6oTROM'b, BaM6epn npoAoasajn, cboh saEaxis. 
JlaTHHCKaa nocjioBHija Plenus venter non studet libenter 6mia c.io- 
ateHa, Kajcb 6yAxo, Hapoiao w& Hero: omymema «nojraaro 6pioxa» 
BaMoepn bi> to BpeMH coBepmeHHO He 3Hajrb. Ese^HeBHO ohx. xpa- 
mat or* 10 — 12 qacoBt Ha aaHHTiH $HJiojioriefl. Kte> poMaHCKHMx 
h repMaHCKHM'b fl3HicaM'B BawSepn iipii6aBiiJii» Tenepb caaBaHCKie 
AiajieETH. CaoBaijCKifi aauK'b om> 3Hajrc> vb A*TCTBa, HJumpiflcKifi 
AiajieKxt H8yqiurb bi KyrieBO. B'L CBoefi KOMHaxi HaA'b KaSaKOMt 
BawfiepH 3aHflJtcH pyccKHMt hbhkom'l. <BcKop4, — roBopnx'b opieHxa- 
anarb, — a Hacja»^ajECH npoH3BeAemaMH BanoniitoBa, IlyinRHHa h 
JlepMOHTOBa*. BMicTO saBTpaica, BaM6epn npHXOAHJiocb ^OBOJbCTBo- 
BaTbca HtcKOJibKHMH ntcHjiMH H3^ Orlando Farioso, bmIjcto o6'bn;a — 
«BaxqHcapaficKHM , B $OHTaHOMt», «EBremeM , b Ofl'brflHbiM'b», «Fritiof 
S^ga* hjlh «rycjHMii» Byica KapaAHH^a. BbiBajio TaKi*, wro h Ha 
yasHH-B He 6hjo HH^ero, KpoMt qTeHia ApaMi» Ka.ibAepoHa hjih Ty- 
pej^ttHX'b JitTonncefl. OflflTb HBHJiocb cnaceHie fb bh^ Mtcia flo- 
iianiHaro yHHTejia. HaHHMaTeJiio BaM6epn oTflaBajrb no bocbmii na- 
cobi» wb A^Hb, a Ha cboh 3aHHTifl— inecTb ^acoB'b. 

mbwb fiojibnie BHaKOMHJica BaM6epa cl JiMxepaTypofi BocTOKa 
(oht> H3yiHJi'b xopomo kt> TOMy BpeweHH Typeu,itifi H IiepCHACKifi 
a3HKH), xiM'B cHJibHte pacjio B'b uewb asejiaHie no6HBaTb TaMT>. H 
Bora cosptao cMtjioe ptmenie OTnpaBiiTbcn bi> Typn,iio. «fl sHajii) 
Maccy HHOcxpaHHHX'b fl3HK0B'b, — roBopHTT. BaMoepn, — h mofb h;hth- 
poBaTb Ha naMBTb rpoMaAHbie otplibeh h3Ti npon3BeAeHifl majibflH- 
ckhxt> noaiOBT., BaflpoHa, IlyniKHHa, TerHepa h CaaAH. Ha mhoihxx 
■ a3MKax*b a mofb Ctrjio o6T>HCHaTbca' h nopaAO^HO nncaib. Ho moh 
3HaHiH 6uJiH 6eacHCTeMHu. To.ibKO BuocJitACTBin, hoai> BjiiaHieM r b 



16 i I H B 0. 

onuTa, y MeHa BupaGoTsuicH onpej^jeHHuft m6toa , b». 3ajiyMaTb njaHi> 
nyTemecTBifl Ha Boctorb 6buo ropa3AO aerqe, i^mb ocymecTBHTb Ha- 
Mipenie. Beet KanHTaxB BaMGepn cocToaaB h3t> 120 $jiophhobb, 
HaKonjieHHHX'L Ha nocjrfcAHeft «kohahi#h». ^eHerB bthxb e^Ba xsa- 
Taao Ha noisARy ao KoHCTaHTHHonoja, r^i y BaifSepn He 6luio Ah 
Aynra. «Ho Bee bto HHCKoabKO He cMynuio MeHa, — nnuierB BaM- 
6epa. BejHKOJi'hnHHfi Boc$opB, 3ojoTofl Port, crpoftHHe MHBapeTti, 
BejieqecTBeHHBie KynojiH Me^eTeft, TypKH bb T*op6aHaxB, 3aKyraHHEiH 
TypnaHKH h MHoriH Apyria ^yueca, o rotopijxb a MeTraaB, coBep- 
meHHO saBJiaAi-in mohmb BOo6paaceHieMB. H He MorB jh&trq pjuxrb o 
TaKHX* npoaaa^ecKHX'B hoapo6hocthxb, KaKB to, tbmb 6yny »htl 
Ha BocTORi. «KaRB-HH6yAb BHBepHycb*, — ptinnjiB a». E^HHCTBeHHoft 
3a6oTofi 6hjio, KaRB 6u AOCTaTB nacuoprB y aBCTpiftcKHXB BjiacTeft, 

KOTOpHfl KaKT> pa3B BB TO BpeMfi OTH0CHJHCB KpaftHO H0A03pHT6JIBH0 
KO BCiMB tAymHM'B BB TypijiK), TJlfa HCH.1H BeHrepCKie BMHTpaHTH. 

B*b BiHi noAoaptBajiH, ito bb BeHrpin noAroTOBiiaeTCH peBOJiBon.ioH- 
noe ABnaenie h uto, noaTOMy, areHTH ero 6e3nptpHBH0 chochtch cb 
6irjien,aMU sa rpaHHije8. BaM6epn noMor.io cjiysafiHoe 3HaK0MCTB0 cb 
opieHTajHCTOMTb SapoHOM-B STBemeM'B, no peKOMeHAaijiH KOToparo nyre- 
mecTBeHHHKy BHAajiH nacuoprB. BfffcinHifl bbab HBCJTBAOBaTejiH He 
roBopHJLB o ero fiaarococToaHin. BamMaKH, Hanp, HaxoAHJHCB bb 

TaKOMB MOXOMB COCTOflHiH, 1T0 H0A0HIBH, *IT06h OH* H6 OTBaJHJIHCb, 

npHHiJiocb npHBH3aTB BepeBO^KaMH; ho KajKflwfi rponiB hco6xoahmo 
6hjio 6epe% Ha 6HJierb. Bb Mat 1857 r. BaM6epn cfcjiB Ha napo- 
xoab, orapaBJiflBmiftcH bb TajiauB. BonpocB o 4a4 6hjib paspimeHB 
Ha napoxoA* Apys6ofi cb Kopa6e;ibHiiMB noBapoMB, HTajiBflHueMB, 
CTpacTHHM'B JiK)6HTejieMB no33iH. BaMfiepH A©KjaMHpoBajiB eMy Apiocro 
h cone.TH IleTpapKH. IIOBapB B03Harpa»,n;aJii» nyTemecTBeHHHKa boc- 
KJiniiaHiflMH: «ben fatto» h KycKaMH xjrfc6a cb MacjOMB h chpomb. 
Bb Tajian;* y BaM6epn ocTaaocb pobho ctojibko AeHerB, hto6h Ky- 
hhtb 6naeTB Ha najiyfii ao KoHCTaHTHHonojra. IIojiHoe OTcyTCTBie ao- 
aerB He cMymajio H3CjrfcA0BaTeJia. HanpoTHBB Aaae. «fl 6ktjib bb 
BHcinefi CTeneHH cnacTJiHBB, — tobophtb ohb. — HaK0He^B to a bh- 

A*JTB MOpe, HSB^CTHOe MH* ^0 T*XB nopB T0JIBK0 HO OHHCaHiflMB 

BaflpoHa, Teraepa h pp. noaTOBB. H.npn co3epu;aHiH mapoKaro npo- 
cTopa, a 6hjib bb BOcxHiijeHin. HtoSw Jiyqine co3epi^aTb 64rB bojihb, 
a, cb paspinieHia MaTpocoBB, yckaca y 6yrumpHTa. Mh4 npeACTaBjia- 
jiocb, Kor.ua cojeHHa bojihh ofijiHBajiH Meea, ito a HJBiBy Bep- 
xomb Ha A^t^HHi. fl 6yKBajibH0 Kynajica bb Mopt HacjiaHAema. fl 
nijiB, A©«JiaMHpoBajiB cthxh, h ao no3AHefl ho^h moS tojiocb cm*- 
HIHBaJICa CB npOH3HTeJIBHHMB KpHKOMB MaeKB. HaKOHen,B, KOTAa Mop- 
CKaa BOAa coBepmeHHO nponflTa.ia Moe njiaTbe, a BCTajiB cb Moero 
«Aejib$HHa», yjierca Ha najiyfit, ta* Jieacaja TypKH w KpinKO 3a- 
CHyji'B*. ^a»ce KOTAa Ha^ajiacb ho^bio cnjibHaa Ka^Ka, 11 najiyfiHue 
nacca«npH, bb oco66hhocth TypqaHKH, CTajra chjibho CTpaAaTb otb 
MopcKofi 6o-i43hh, — BaM6epH 6hab tojkg AOBOJieHB. Iloacajiyfi, rmrg 



8AUHCftH HaPIE. 



1* 



6ojtBine, qiMi tor^a, Kor^a CHflijrb Ha cBoearb «^ejrb$HH*fe». «Boit 
Bfopa, /rpecKb aocoKb, pasaiaxH KOpafijia; b3#oxh h ctohei naccarcn- 

pOBli rOBOpHJIH MHt, *ITO BCKOpt H yBHJKy BeJIH^eCTBeHHElfl dsKCHFL 

bt> Kpacorfc HacToamefl oypii. fl TOTqacb ace noAHHJica h, He CMOTpa 
Ha TeMeHL, HanpaBHjca K f b Maqrfc. 3/vhcb a 6li.IT) B'b Bocroprft, KorAa 
cjiyqafiHaa MOJiHia ocBimajia BejmKOjrfcHHyK) Kapumy Bspbrraro Mopa. 
OcymecTBJiajiHCb moh .caMMa 3aBtTHtia acejiamaU Baaifiepn, KpiriKO 
flepaeacb 3a neperopwcy, OT^bJiaBmyio Tperifi KJiaccb ora nepBaro, 
CTajrb fleKJiaMHpoBaTb cthxh H3'b Henriade. Ha py6idj nepBaro 
KJiacca cToajn> tojibko o^hhT) naccaasHp-b, To;Ke Jiio6w£ejib*6y#ii. Ero 
TaKis nopaaiurb S^aho oAtTuft mo.ioaoA najiyfrnufl naccaaenp'b, Aeoa- 
Mapyioipift Ha Typeijuoarb napoxoA* cthxh BoabTepa, *rro oht> saro- 
bophji'b cte> BaniSepH. To 6h.tl ceKpeTapb 6ejbrificKaro nocojibCTBa 

B'b KoHCTaHTHHOnOJI'fe, KOTOpuft BHOOirfeACTBiH OIia8aiTb MOJIOAOAiy ny- 

TemecTBeHHHKy Koe-uaKia ycjiyrn. 

Kopa6jib, naKOHei^'b, 6pocnjrb aKopb bt> 3ojroTOM , b Port h omBap- 
TOBajca npoTHBT* TajiaTH. Haccaacapbi TOMHJiHCb, qTo6u CKopte bh- 
CpaTbca Ha 6epen>. Jljia. BaM6epH BaepBHe BuacHHJiHCb npoaanqfltia 
cTopoHH liyTemecTBia. B'b KapManfc y Hero 6bLio pobho cTOjibKo Ae- 
Herb, qTofibi 3an.aaTHTb jioAoqHHKy aa nepenpaBy Ha fieperb. B'b ro 
pofli nyTenieCTBeHHHK'b He HMtjrb hh oahoS 3HaK0M0ft Aynin. Ho KaK'b 
TOJibKO BaM6epn nonajrb Ha y.iim&i KoHCTaHTHHonojia, OHb onaTb sa- 
6ujlt> npo cboio HameTy. HecTpaa, npaqy^iiBaa acii3Hb, xaocb a3H- 
KOB'b, jno6onbiTHbia h Bbipa3HTejibHbra jmn;a, carfcnieHie KpaeoKb,— Bee 
3T0 norjiOTHJio BHHManie BamoepH. Bonpocb o KBapTJipi paapfcninjica 
ejiyqadHofi BCTptqefi vb BenrepcKHMH BMHrpaHTaMii, KOTopue npa- 
rjiacHjiH 3eMJiaKa HoqeBaTb na npoAaB.ieHHOM'b A^airfe. Hh noAymeKb, 
hh npocTbmb, hh OA^ajia He 6ujio, ho BaMoepii npiiBbiK'b cnaxb Ha 
noACTH.iat, B'b yrjiy B'b Kyxnt, Ha nojy. Bonpocb o Kycid* xjrfcoa tohc* 
pasptmnica AOBO-ibHO CBoeoopaaHO. BcioAy Ha BocTOKfc: B'b KonciaH- 
THHonojiJ, Kanpi, TyHaci h Ajiacnpt — ecTb cBoeo6pa3Hbie <yieHue 
HHnue>, AO^HBaroni.ie cKyAHHft o&hji;b ,a;eK. i iavian,iefi HaH3ycxb h.ih ho 
KHarh noaMx h cKa30KT». BaMoepa, o6jiaAaBmiii cnoco6HocTbia Hd 

TOJibKO 6lICTpO yCBaHBaTb qy^Ofl 33^^, HO H OBMAiBaTb B'b coBep- 

HieHCTBi auijeHTOM'b, ciajn, TaKHM'b AeoaMaTopoM'b. OH'b qiiTaj , b"B r b 
KO$efiHax , b TypKaM^ otptjbkh H3T> «AuiHK r b TapHO'b* (t. e. «Bjho6- 
jieHHHfl /T Iy3KecTpaHei;'b») um Apyria nonyjiapHLia noaMtr h B'b biia* 
roHopapa nojiyqaji'b xji'bo^, cHpi>, KO$e, a HHor,a,a «Keoa6b» (jKape- 
Hoe mhco), nHJia^-b hjih «nacTapMa» (Ba.ieHoe maco). «nepBLia niecTb 
HeA^JiB bi> K0HCTaRTHH0n0.1t npoiMH HesaM'tTHO,— roBopuT-b Ba\i 
6epn. — fl HHKOiyja ho 3Ha.ii> yxpoirb, fiy^y .ih a icTb BeuepoM^ h 
ecjiH Aa, to r;vk hmchho. By^ymee MeHa HHCKO-ibKo He cMymaao. 
TaK'b KaK'b a saMiHHjrb nuiany $ecKofi 11 6ujvb B'b AOCTaToqHoil C Te- 
neHH o^opBaHi), to MeHa, flMcTBHTeahHO, nci npiiHiiMajia 3a Typaa 
npo$eccioHajibHaro CpoAaqaro A6oaMaTopa. H Hac;ia>KAajca MoeK) 
aasHbio 6poAara». Hjioxo 6bijio TOJibKO, Kor^a HacTynn.iH xojiOARbia 
i!eKa6pb. OTAt^T, If. 2 



18 j( I H E 0. 

hoih. BasiSepH AP0*ajii> Torjja Ha CBoeMT> npo^aBJieflHOMi ABBa^fe; 

HO H TyTL HafflJOCb CpCACTBO. OpiOHTaJIHCT'b CHpOCHJTb SMHrpaHTOB'b, 

nivb m y hhxij, vkwh npuKpui^ca. Ohh ^aja eMy dapoe Benrep- 
CKoe 3HaMH, KOTopoe yAaaocb cnacTH cte> hojih 6htbh. To 6wio hxi 
eAHHCTBeHHoe HMymecTBO. «3HaMH bto 3a»nrajio oroRb/ 8HTysia3Ma b*b 
cepAuaxT* 6opiiOBrb 3a CBoSoAy,— cuasajr* CTapufl dunvi aHrt: —oho, 
noaTOMy, 6y^erB rpiTb h BacB». BMHrpaHTOBt citopo BbirfccHHJiH 3a 
HenjiaieacB ACHerb, h BaMSepa ocTajica 6e3i» Hoqaera; ho oahhb 
BeHrepe^, y KOToparo KaK*b pa3*b Toraa OKOJiijia cTopoaeBaa co6aKa» 
npeAJoacHJ'b opieHTaJHCTy aapayjiHTb aom-b, noicyAa He 6yAei*b npi- 
ofiptreH'B Apyrofi necB. «H a saHajB BaaaHTHBift nocrB cTopoaeBoft 
co6aKH», — cnoKoflHO nninerb BaM6epa. Ho yipaMTb oh'b H3yiaiTb Ty- 
peijayio h nepcHACKyio jHTepaiypn, 3ai u bM , B uhctui ABopi, "xoahjtb 
no-Bo^y, a BenepoM'B ompaBaHJicH bx KO$efiHH, ito6h 3apa6oTaTb 
niacTpi hjih A^a aeKJiaMan.iefi nonyjapHBix'b ceHTHMeHTajibHbix'b h 

apOTH'ieCKHX'B TLQdWb. KaKT> TOJIbKO Baii6epH, B3M0CTHBIHHUlb Ha BH- 

coKyio CKaMbio, HaiHHai'B AeoaMHpoBaTL HapacntB'B, bt> hocl, no 
BocTO^HOMy o6HqaH), cboh no3Mbi,-ero tottocb ace OKpysajH TypKH 
u apuHHe. 3aTaiiBi> Awxame, ohh cjyniajin jno6oBHbia mjLo6u Ba- 
MHKa, 93pn, Xoccpy hjih IIlHpHHa. 

TaKT> nijio p$]io ao rjiy6oKofi oceHH. Ct» HacTynjieHieM'B xojioahhx'l 
AHeft, 6poAaacecKaa hch3hb cTaaa TarocTHa. Heo6xoAHMO 6hjio noay- 
MaTb o TaKHX'B npo3aH^ecKHXT>, ho KpafiHe nojesHiix-b Benjax'b, KaKx 
Kpinwe 6aniMaKH, n,t.iLie nnaHH h np. H bot-b BaMfiepn ptmHjrL, ito 
cjrfcAyerb HCKaTb KaKoro-HHfiyAb nocTOHHHaro 3aHHTifl, Hanp., ypoKOBi. 
BcJitACTBie yAHBinejibHaro 3Hama H3HK0B , b, cnpoca Ha hhx'b bb Koh- 
cTaRTHHonojit, JierEocTH, cb KOTopofl BaM6epH 3HaK0MHJica cb 
jiioAbMii, h HenpHXOTJHBOCTH ero, — ypoKH cKopo HauuiHCb. OpieHTa- 
jihctb CTdLjrb yqHTejieM'b bt» KOHaKi y TyccafiHa JtaHMB namn. «fl 
nepecejuuica bte> Typen,Kifi KBapia-ix, — pa3CKa3BiBaerB BaM6epfl, — h 
npeBpaTHJicfl bi> Haoroamaro Typna. HeAOdaBajio mibKO hmchh. Moft 
npnHi^Hiiajii> cTajTi Ha3HBaTb MeHa PeniiiA'B, t. e. « T IecTHbifl». 3a 

MOH 3HaHlfl MH* HpilfiaBHJH THTyjI^ «3$(|)eHAH». TaKHM^ oSpaSOMTi & 

cTajra PeuiHAt 9(|)$eHAM; iioa'b aniM'b HMeHeMTb a cb Ttxi* nopt 
H3BtCTeH'b Ha B0CT0Kt>. npHHBjunaj'b 6bijtl yBipeHT., ^ito npHHHTie 
HCJiaMa co cTopoHM PetaHAa 9$$eHAH abiitch caMO co6ok> BnocjitA- 
CTBin. TaKHMX o6pa30MT>, a^ BaMoepH oTKpHjacb 6bi aopora wl no- 
^ecTflMi). Ho opieHTajHcrb coBepmeHHo He AyMajn» nocjtAOBaTB npn- 
M^py A^CHTKa APyrnx^ eBponeiineBi). Xoth HCJiaM^, no cjiOBaMT* BaM- 
6epH (Toajecanoe roBopHT*L n Apyroii Bejiauifi 3naT0K'B BocTOua — cap* 
PaqapAi* BepTOHb, o kotopomb a nuca.i'b yace panbiae), A^erb hih- 
poKifi npodopx cbo6oahoA mlicjih, TaKT> uaKii ocHOBaHT) Ha pauioHa- 
jmcTiiqecKHX'b AorMaiaxx; ho scexaicn aTo onpeAi-ieHHaa Btpa, TorAa 
KaK^ nyTemecTBeHHHKx kx aTOMy BpcweHH 6u& r b yace CBoSoAHMMTb 
MiicjiHTejieM'b. TypKH, no cBHAtieJibCTBy BawGepn, ooH^aiOTca oojib- 
moiD T0.iepaHTH0CTbK), u iioaTOMy Bonpocb o peHeraTCTB* 6hjtb co- 




r 



8AHHCKM flAPIH. 10 

BepmeHHO ocTaBJieHt, Kor.ua TyccaflH'B-nania y6t,a;HJicflr, qTO opieirra- 

JTHCTL npOTHB'B HepeXOfla B'B HCJiaMT*. y BaMfiepH HBHJiaCB B03M0»- 

hoctb H3yqHTb Bii coBepineHCTB* He tojibko Typen,Kie HpaBH, HO H 
TypeijKyio MaHepy mbicjihtb. Bora noqeMy ofb #o chx'b nopt cqn- 
TaeTca caMHM'B jiyqniH&TB •aBTopHTCTOM'B, Kor.ua saxoflHTB piqB o 6e3- 
KOHeraoM'B TypeijKOArB Bonpoch. BaMfiepn OTMiqaerB Bt cbohx^b sa- 
nHCKax^ araoria cHMnaraqHBiH qepTBi TypoKi>: hxt, qecTHocn>, ^eMo- 
KpaTH3M'B (bt> Typnjn H-fen* apncroKpaTiH no poae,a;eHiK); qeJiOBiK'B 
caMaro TeMHaro npoHcxow^ema MoacerB cteitb BejiHRHM-B BH3npeM'B), 
naTpiapxajiBHocTB. Cjiyrn aBJiaroTca mienmn ccmbh h HMiiorB HHor.ua 
cMBHoe BJiiame Ha 3$<|>eHfliT, naray, h, b'b ocoochhocth, Ha fliTeft. 
HiKOTopHe eBponeflcKie HapoflH, He cmotph Ha CBofi Ko^eKCB mo- 
pajiH, KOTopHft HcnoBiflyKyrB, OTJHqaH?Tca cjrfcnoft HeHaBiicTBio kt» 
HHopoflijaM'B. TypKH ace dporo cjii^yiorB h bt> noBce^neBHoft kihhh 
npe^HHcaHiio Kopana: «Ekremu ed dhaifuui ve lau kana kafirun*, 
«Hth rocTfl aaase Tor.ua, Konja oht> HeBipHwft*. 

^tia BaM6epn, KaK'B npenoaaBaTejia, hijih xopomo. BM^crfc ct» 
dTVLWb pacniHpfljiacB bo3mo«hoctb H^yqaTB pa3JiHqHHH ctopohm Ty- 
peijKoft acH3HH. Tl3T> KonaKa TyccaflH'B-naniH BaMfiepn nepemejrB bt> 
AOM'B RaHipepa HMnepcKaro coBiia, iyi,i no3HaKOMHJicH cb MaAxafl-B- 
namefl, SynymHM'B oinpwb TypeijKofi KOHcraiyijiH, rcHBinefi TaK'B Ma.io. 
Hepes-B nocpejjCTBO MH^xa^'B-iiafflH Baii6epH nocTynHJTB B'B «Me;v 
pecce», t. e. BHcmyio mteojy ;pa H3yqema KopaHa. «CKpioqHBinHCB 
y hoi"b «Khodjas» (npo$eccopoB'B), a ocnoBaTejiBHo HsyqmrB HCJiaM'B,— 
roBopHTB opieHTajiHCT'B: — 3HaHia, KOTopwa moh TOBapHmH-cTyaeHTH 

BOCnpHHHMailH CB peJIHri03HBIM'B BOCTOprOJTB, 6iIJIH I^HHH ^JIH MeHH 

He tojibko noTOMy, qTO noflHHMajiH MeHa B'B rjiaaayB OKpyacaromnx'B, 
ho eme noTOMy, qTO aaBajra bosmohchoctb ocymecTBHTB Kor^a-HHoy^B 
3apo»#aBmieca cMtjHe njiaHBi. Cpe^n eBponefln;eB'B, H3yqaBraHXTE> 
Boctok'b h nepemeAniHX'B noTOMT* B'B HCJiaM'B, a 6Hjrc> nepBBifi, koto- 
pwfi noJiyqHJTB cneijiaJiBHoe pejinrio3Hoe o6pa30Bame bx «Me,npecce» 
h He ofipaTHJica B'B MaroMeTaHCTBO. Yqeme B'B «Meapecce» fliiBajiocB 
mh* jerKO, rioTOMy qio oqeHB HanoMHHJio npeno^aBaHie b'b eBpeflcKofi 
hikoj!*. M TyrB, h TaMt cb oAHHaKOBHM'B acapoMi Be^yTca a&cTpaKT- 
HHe peJHrio3HHe ffHcnyTH, TntaiejiBHO o6cyacAaroTca MejiBqafimia pn- 
TyajBHwa ^eTajin h JiyquiHM'B yqeHMMi* npH3HaeTca tott*, kto MoaceTTb 
AOJBrae BcfexT* cnopHTB*. TypKH ijiflarB m> qejiOBiK* ero caMoro, a 
He npoHcxoacAeme. Ha po^HHt ott* BaMfiepn OTBopaqiiBa.iHCB tojbko 
noTOMy, qio oht* eBpefi. B'B TypitfH ero Hai^ioHajiBHOCTB HHKoro He 
HHTepecoBajia. 

HacejieHie h npaBHTejiBCTBO codaBjiarorB ppa, pa3jnqHHX , B Mipa, 
KaK'B 9T0 Ha6jiK)flaeTCH ho bi> o^Hofi tojibko Typijin. CaMBie npocB-fe- 
m[eHHHe aAMHHHCTpaTopBi, 6jiHCTaBHiie nepeA'B BaMfiepn cbohm-b eBpo- 
neficKHMT* ofipasoBaHieM'B, hm^jih o rocyjapcTBeHHHX'B $HHaHcaxT>, 
Hanp., aobojibho CBoeo6pa3Hoe npe^cTaBJieHie. cyaTaFfc h roBopiiTb 
Heqero. Kor.ua ^yaj^'B-nama pimajica 3aMiTHTB rioBejHTejiK) npaBo- 

I* 



20 



A I H I 0. 



B'fcpHbix'fe, ito Cb rocyflapcrBeHHofl Ka3Hofi cifayen* o6pamaTbcji Hi- 
cnujbKo onopoHfH r te, cyjrraHx BocK.niKHy.TL: «Pa3Bt a He noBejiHTejb 

lipaB-iBtpHHXT)? Pa-^Bt BCfl HMHCpia H6 npiIHdAiieJKHTT* MHt?» 

^nxcufJ BaM6epn 3Ha*niTe.ihno yBejH'in.incb. Ilocjrfc AOJrojrfcTHeft 
Copbou ex rojOAOM^ y opieHrajucTa 6id.n> Tenepb cboS yrojrb h 
GuJbinafl CJiaBa bt> KoHCTanTiiHono.it. B.iaroAapa efi, ohx no-iyiHjn> 
-^ocTymi B'b 6n6jioTCKH f rxb naniejn mhoto rypeijKiixb pyKonncefi, 
Kacaiomttxca paHHefi HCTopia BeHrpin. 11 botb BaMOepH ptinajTb 
BHcryuiiTb Ha jiHTepaTypHoe nonpame 03iiaK0M.ieHieM , b Benrpia cb 

^THMH HCTOIHHKaMH. OAHOBpeMeHHO CT> BTHM'b BaMdepH COCTaBHJTb 

uiaioi^Q-TypeiUvifi cjioBapb, n.^aHHufi bt> 1858 r. B'b KoHCTaHTHHO- 
uo,Tfc xauace Haqajiacb jKypHajibHaa fliaTejbHOCTb BauSepn phaomx 
hhc€M%, nofiBHBuiHXCji B'b Augsburger Allgemeine Zeitimg h bt> Pesti 
Napln. IlucbMa bth oCpaTHJia BHHMaHie cneijiajiiicTOB'b, KOTopuro 
nopaaiuo niyooKoe 3HaHie BocTOKa. Meacay Thin* H3y*ieHie jiiTonHcefi 
Bt GHojiiOTeKt Bee cHjbH&e 3axBaTHBajio BauSepii. Ero jkhbo aa- 
HHTepeconajio TaaHCTBCHHoe nponcxoacAeme MaAbapcKaro Hapo.ua h 
sauna, IH uiKOjrfc BanCepa cjujmajrb mhoto jiereHAx o6t> btomx, 
KMTOpbia iKejiajix Tenepb npoBtpHTb II TaKi> Kara jiereHAH yica3bi- 
Bajii na LI,enTpa.ibHyK) Asiio, Tor^a coBepnieHHO HeH3BtcTHyK), Kara 
na Ko.iu6e.ib BeHrepcKaro Hapojxa, to y BaM6epH 3apoAHJiacb 6e- 
SYMFro-CMt.ia?i jifla toto BpemeHH MbicJib H3CJifcA0BaTb aTorb Kpafi. JIio- 
Gom-mio He to, hto oaho hsx caMLix'b nopa3HTCJibHbix , b nyTemecTBifi 
B r b liCTopiH reorpa$nqecKofi HayKH 6hjio ocymecTB.ieHO mi* Haitfo- 
Ha.iiicTH i JecKHX'b no6yjK,neHifj, a T0? ^tq nyTeuiecTBeHHura npHHaaae- 
rcajn* ki> njieMeHH, orb KOToparo Ha poahh* oTBepHyjincb MaAbapii. 
Bi. to BpeMa a3bira HeHTpa.ibHofi A3iH, t. e. qara-Taficiufi hjih bo- 
cto^bo Typen,Kifi 6hjtb iJ3B'tcTeH , b na 3anaxfc TOJibKO no paSoTaMX 
$paHuy3coro opieHTajHCTa KaTp^apa (Quatrem^re). Ha ocHOBama 
btuxii asjAjLuvb AaHH^xi., a TaKHe pa3Himu MeacAy pasroBopHHarb 
h juiTepaTypHuifb abukoitb, Baii6epH HaAitfJicfl HafiTH Ha 6eperaxt 
Oucyca (AMy-^apbH) Ejuoqi ra pa3ptnieHiio Bonpoca o npoacxoacAe- 
Hiii HfnrepcKaro HapoAa. Bt> to Bpena cBtA^ai^ o6i» ABraHHCTaH*, By- 

Jtapft J3 XlIBt M0T.1H AaTb TOJibKO naJOMHHKH, B03BpqmaBHlieCHH3T>MeKRH. 

]5c1i bth CB^AiHifl roBopajiH o ahkocth, rpyoocTH, ffiecTOKOCTH ii $aHa- 
TH3Mt nacejieflia IJeHTpajibHofi Asin. H KorAa, HaKOHei^ii, BaM6epn 
coo6mji.ib cboiimt, Typei^Kiiwb APy^bSMT), mo ptninjTL npeAnpHHHTb 
nymiuecTBie B'b HeasBtcTHuo Kpaa. ero co^ia MaHiaKOM^. Eiue Ha- 
cTofiuiiBlie 3aroBopaJiH o AymeBHoii 6o^mi BaM6epn, KorAa ero 
ciaaii BJiAfob nocroHHHO bt, of5n^ecTBt ooopBaHaHX-b, nojiyHarax-b 

naJJOUHHKOB'b-HHmHX'b, B03BpaTHBIHHXCH mi* IJeHTpa.!bHOfi A3'H. H 

boti. BaM6epn piunnT&abHo npncTynn.i'b kx BbinoJiHeHiio HJiaHa, ocy- 
mecTBieBie KOToparo npocjiaBu#o 6e3yMHO-CMijjiaro nyTemecTBeHHHKa 
na Beci> Mipx. BenrepcKaa aKaAeMia HayK'B, H36paBuiaa K'b Tony 
Bpejieiiii BaM6epa sa nepeBOA^ Typei^KiixTb jitTonncefi cbobmi Kop- 
pecnoHAeHTOM'b, Aaja eMy Ha nyTemecTBie cKpoMHyK) cyMMy bi th- 



nvnacKH hapih. 31 

eaqy ^jiopHHOBi,. ^aace npe3HAeHTT> aKaAeMin nay hi Majio HaatMc* 
Ha to, ito BaMGepn BorjBpaTHTca H3t nyreinccTBiH. II KorAa oahht> 
H3^ aKaAeMHKOB^, KpaHioaort no cn^iajibHOdH, npe^ioacn-ii) Ban- 
6epn npHBe3TH afccKOjibKO TiopacKHX's qepenoBi* rub cpaBHema ct»' 
BeHrepcKHMii, npesiiAenTt aKa^eMia HayK'b 3aMtTH;n>: «noacejiaeMX 
jyqiue HauieMy coTOBapHmy iipuBecni bt> ijiaocTH co6cTBeHHwit ie- 
pent*. Hto6t> o6e3neiHTb BaMSepn paAyinflbiS npieMi* y TypKMeHOBi, 
aicaAeMifl nayrb CHa6Aii.aa ero nponycicoMi> na jiamuucKOjM a3bifit. 
DojiyAHKoe HacejeHie AuraHHCTaHa, Byxapu h Xhbh ii3Bima.iocb, 
mo «Socius tioster Vir ingenuus honestissimusque Arminius Vam- 
b6ry Hungaras eo fine per nos ad oras Asiae Tartaricas mittitur* 
etc. cMoh MBJiwe cooxeqecTBeHUHKH nojiarajiH, ito AOKyweHTt arorb 
6yAerb bt> Bucmefi cieneHH uojieseHi mh* npa cHoniemax'b ct 
xaHaim TypEedaHa h ct> TypKecTaHTCKHMH boh?a3mh. HoK-aacH a diy 
rpaMOTy Bb cTenaxT* hjh Ha Ceperax'b Oacyca, MeHa HeaieAaeHHO 
oT^aJiu 6h najaqy* — roBopiirb BaM6epn. 

,fl,eHen>, ornymeHHHX'b BeHrepcKofl aKaAeiiiefi HayK'b Ha BKcne- 
AHitfK), 6hjio Tain* Majo, ^to hxt» Morao XBaTHTb tojibko ao TerepaHa. 
JJjia ocymecTBJieHifl njiaHa, BauSepa piniHirb, *ito jiyqiae Bcero eiiy 
nyTeinecTBOBaTb, KaKT> Typity, hoat> HMeneMi* PemHAT> 9$$eHfln h 
noab30BaTbCfl peKOMeHAaiUaMH, nojiy^eHHbiMH orb Typemtux'b Apy^efi. 
tTLkwb 6jMace 6hjtl ppub orbiaAa, — roBopiirb BanSepH, — vbwb 
6ojM>me B03pacTajio moc HepBHoe B036yaKAeHie. SI e^Ba cosHaBajrb, ^to 
Ai-iaro. BjH3HjiHCb kt> ocymccTB.ieHiio Me^nu Moefi khocth, topl mh- 
paacb, KOTopufi MaHHJTb MeHa noaroaHHO npn B3yqeHiii BOCTO | mbjx r b 
.iHTeparypx. Caopo a yBnaey boo^ieo moh) MeTry! npunoAHaroe Ha- 
cTpoeHie saoyraajio rojioct 3ApaBaro CMHcaa. Hto, bt> caMOMi> j&jii, 

MOOO CTpafflHTb MeHH? Bl> KOHII,* KOHnjOBt, OIiaCHOCTII, rpo3HBuiia 

mh*, 6hjih Bet MaiepiajbHaro CBoficTBa: jrainema, 6opb6a ct» Bpa- 
»Ae6Hofi npnpoAOfl, 6oi43hh. A coBepmeHHO He AyMa.ii> o tomx, ^to 
Moe npeAnpiaTie Moacert KOHqiiTbca HeyAa'iefi h ciiepTbio. ^to rhh 
MeHa 3Ha i iHjiH $H3nqecKia jiemeHia; csiuibRo hxi* a HcnbiTajrB bt. a^t- 
ctb* a johocth! Bi» EBponi a xpoHinecKH roaoAajrb ao BOceMHa- 
AH,aTH jiirt. He TOJibKo bt» A^cTBt, ho h o^chb AOJiro noxoM'b a He 
8Hajn>, ^to TaKoe Tenjioe h ivLioe njiaTbe. Bo BpeMa nyieuiecTBia 
mh* npeACToa.io BbiHecTH HacMtuiKH; ho mh* jih, Koroparo. «KaKX 

aCHAa», TpaBHJIH CL A'feTCTBa, 6iIJIO npHBblKaTb Kb HHM'b! $aHaTi^H 

iniHTu 6yAyn. rjiyMHTbca HaAO mhobo bt» nyTa; ho ntwb bto xya^e 
yacac.HMX'b kphkobt*: ♦reii'b! ren'bl* 11 mBupaHia KaMHaMH* *)? 

BaMdepH Ao^aseH'b 6bi-Tb ociaBnTb «xopouiyK)» acn3Hb, KOTopyio 
sejii. B'b KoHCTaHTiiiiouojii. Hpn oniicaHiH ea mh bhahm'b^ Kaicb He- 
Tpe6oBaTeieH , b 3HaMeHHTbiM opieHTa-incTi): «a HMtat yio6Hyio kom- 
HaTy, eaceAHeBHo cHTHLiii odtA^ h Mon> Aaace nojib30BaTbca 3Knna- 
seiii*, KorAa mh4 npeAdoajia bt> Hearb HaAo6HOCTb». 



*) The Story of My Struggles, v. I, p. 158. 



H I © H J5 #. 



r. 



HdopiH nyieinecTBifl BaMfiepn b*b IlepciK), ABraHHCTairb, Ryxapy 
u Xupy pa3CKa3aHa MHoro pa.3T> *), Kaira hm'l caMMi, mo u #py- 
niMu; ho 6e3yMHo-CMt,ioe npe^npiflTie cvn> btoto hhckojibko ne yrpa- 
tujio cBoero HHTepeca. Ro chxt, nopi» oho ociaeTCH no^TH eAimcTBea- 
hlih-b b*b CBoeMt po.3,%. Cd^b PHqap;rB BepTom* nocinut MeKKy 
nc^' BiiflOMT* Soraiaro apa6cKaro Kynija. Oht* pncKOBa-TB nonacTB 
Ha ko.tb, KaKT> h BaMfiepn, ho raancOBi* Ha cnaceHie y aHrjiiflcitaro 
nyremecTBeHHiiEa Gbijio 6ojn>me. KpoM* Toro, ero cTpancTBOBame 

GblJO 05CTaB.ieHO H3B'i>CTHbIM'B KOM^OpTOM'B (CB T01&H 3p1tf]Jf nyTe- 

mecTBeHHHKa no BocTOKy, KOHeqHo); Tor.ua Kaira, npeSBiBamo BaMGepn 
bt. Cpeiaefi A3in npeflCTaBJiflerB co6oro 6e3KOHeqHyio nfcub ncBtpoaT- 
nwxii Jiimeniff, rojo^a, roncHifl. BepTom> iiMta* bosmojkhoctii cuep- 
tniiTfc nyTL BepxoMi» na BepS-uo^t, Tor^a KairB BaM6epn mejni irfcrtr- 
KOMt cl TOJinoio hhiuhx'b najoMHHKOBt. Xora BaM6epn pascTajicH ct 
koctiiUom'l eme bx 20 jitrL, ho Hora ero 6mia TaK'B CBe^eHa, ^to 
owh ciijibho xpoMaJiT*. H, He CMorpa Ha RpafiHe HeSjaronpiflTHbia 
yrjioBia, npn KOTopbix'b 6ujio coBepraeHO nyTeinecTBie; He CMOTpa Ha 
to, *ito Ma.itttniafl aaMfeTKa, c^i-iaHHaH bt> nyTii, ecjH 6u ee jfc&tnai, se.ia 
fiu aa ro6oii jjjiji BauSepH MyuHTejiBHyK) Ka3HB, — cjrfeijyeT'B y^it b.ihtiiC5t 
roq booth h ,uo6pocoB r fccTHOCTH ero Ha6jiK>AeHifi. Koraa BaM0epir Biiep- 
Bj.ie pa^cKa3aji r b o CBoeirb nyTemecTBiii, eMy hob^phjih tojbko b'b 
A him in. Ha po^imt K),a;o(|)o6cKia ra3eTH nncajin, qTO <»Bjr& Haspaji^ 
n uce BM^yMaJit*. TojibKO Bnoon'fe.ncTBiH, Koiyja Byxapa h Xni*a cra.iH 
AOPTyriHH, BLiHCBHJiocb, KaiTB ffo6pocoBtcTHO BaMfiepn nepe^aerB 

$aKTR. 

Bt Jiaprfe 1862 r. BaMfiepn npHSun bt> Tpane30HjjB, oisy^a 
OTopaiiiiJCfl bt» IlepciK) ci> HeSo.iBniHM'B KapaBanoM'b. «Kor^a h bsoh- 
paacff na TflHymifica baojib no6epeacbfl HepHaro Mopn ropnufi xpe- 
Oct^ n BH.zrfe.Tb, KaKT> nocrreneHHO cKpuBaeTca bi* TyManii Mope, — 
iocK.niBoe qyBCTBO OBJia;vfejo mhok). BnepBHe k*b cTpacTHOMy asejaniK} 
yBn^TB HeB^oMBia eBponeflnaM'B MtcTa npHnimaJiocB npeinyBCTBie 
npeiiCTOjimHX'B onacHocTefi. Bujia BecHa. BeJHKOjitnHaa noro^a h 
Be.niqecTBeHHbifl KapTHHU ropi* ho^th pascfefljiH 9th CMyTflMH npeA- 

^yBCTBlJi; HO OHH J3BHJIHCB OnHTB BeiepOMT), KOT^a MU Dptt6[JJIH B'b 

rpiinnyft KapaBaHcapafi. Ilocjit yTOMHTejBHaro nepei3^a, si Ao^sKeHt 
CblTb raw-B npuroTOBHTB Moft cKyAHbifi yacwffB, a BarfeM'B y.ieqbca Ha 
no.iy, IIo'ibk) npe^cTOHra;ee nyTeniecTBie pucoBaJiocb mh* a^ko He 
B'B po30BOM r b cBtit. IlyTB orb Tpane30HAa ffo 9p3epyMa noKaaajicfl 



*) t1 Travels in Central Asia". Ha pyccKift xzukt> 3Ta KHnra nepese^ena 
noiTH o^HOBpeMeHHo: „IlyTeinecTBie no Cpe^Heft AaiH bi» 18b3 r. A, Baii- 
5ttjpH, ei^ KapToA', Cn6., 1865 r, 



3AI1HCKH IIAPIH. 23 

KfI 0C06eHH0 JTOMHTeJIbHHM'B. HpeACTOHJIO BOfiTH B'B MHJIOCTB K'B 

uoEWb nonyT»iHKaM r b, rpy6uMi> h $aHaTH i rabiM'B noroHmnitaMt My- 
jiob*b; ho, ito enje xyae, hco6xoahmo 6100 npHBHKHyTB k*b HaciKO- 
mhm'b, KOTopHMH HoqaerH KHniijiH». Ofb 9p3epyMa Ha nyTH BCTptqa- 

JIHCB TOJIBKO ffiaJIKifl CaKJH apMHH'B, nOXOtfUH CKOpte Ha KpOTOBHfl 

Ky^H, niwb Ha qejioBt^ecKoe acEJiBe. B'B sthx'b eaKJiaxTb iidah jkhjiii 
BMtcrb cb 6yfiB0.iaMH: Ha #arapi KapaBaH'B BnepBbie BCTpiTHjica 
cb paafiofiHHKaMH-KypaaMH, m BaM6epn npHHHJTB nepsoe «Kpem,eHie 
orHeM^». 3flaMeHHTBiii nyTeniecTBeHHHK'B npnxoAarB kt» 3aKJno^eHiro, 

HTO TaKifl AOSpOAtTeJIH, KaKT> Xpa6pOCTB, HaxOA^HBOCTB B'B OnaCHOCTH 

h npesptnie K'B cmopth He HacjrfcAyiOTaa, a npioSpixaioTca.onbiTOM'B. 
«H HayqHJica cb TeqeHieM'B BpeMeHH cnoKofino CMOTptTB onacHocTH 
B'B jrnijo h He fioflTBca CMepTH, — roBopnrB BaM6epn. — II a ocxaiocB 
npn Moearb MHtmH, *rro repon (b^ CMHcwrb cm^jiocth) He pojKAaioTca, 
a fffcaaioTCfl. HaHSojrfce pofidfi AOMOckAT* MoacerB, no^-B BjiameM-B no- 

CTOflHHOft HeoSxOAHMOCTH CaM03amHTBI, CTaTB HaCTOHmHM'B JIBBOMTb. 

Tojbko 8Ta HeoSxoAHMOcTB co3AaeT*B Ao6poA*TejiB jmqHaro ityacecTBa, 
KOTopyio TaKi> BocxBajraKTB Bch. Hctoihhkom'b repoH3Ma flBJiaeTca 
HacTOHTejibHafl Heo6xo,nHMOCTB caMocoxpaHeHifl». HaKOHe^, KapaBaH'B 
nepeBajHji'B qepes'B nepcHjjCKyro rpammy. B'B BOoSpanemH nyTeine 
CTBeHHHaa ELepcia npe^cTaBJiajiacb CTpaHofi pos'B h mnpaccKaro BHHa 
#HKia ropH h nopa3HTe.iBHafl 64ahoctb chjibho cMyTHJiH, noaTOMy 
TypacTa. K'B Tpy^HOCTflM'B nyTH npn6aBjifljHCB MyqeHia Apyroro poAa 
^Jia miHTOB'B nepcoB-B BaMSepn, hjh PemHA*B 9$$eHAH, 6ujt> pa 

CKOJIBHHKL CyHHTB, ^yflOBHIIje CB06rO pO^a, oS'BeKT'B 6e3K0HeiHbIX f b 

HaciitmeK'B h ocKop6,ieHifi. — «Y ce6a Ha poAHHfc nepeti cMiLiwe $a- 
HaTHKH,— -roBopHTB BaMfiepH.— KaK* 6yATO a He AOCTaTo*rao Tepirkin, 
yrae otb $aHaTH3Ma b*b a*tctb4! raapa pejiHrio3Hofi apocTH ny^MJia 
MeHa TenepB cHOBa. Mh* KpnqaJiH: «Segi SunniU (t. e. cyHHTCKaa 
co6aKa!). To 6hjtb, cBoero poAa, BapiaHrB KpiiKa: «rem>! rein>! auiA r B», 
kotophm'b MeHH npecaiAOBajiH B'B fltTCTB^. 3jo6a h HeHaBHCTB nep- 

CHACKUXT* KynUOB-B H MyjJTB IipiIHHHaJH MH* He MeHbHiyK) 60JIB, qtaii) 
KaMHH, KOTOpUMH HIBBipaJIH BT» MeHH KOr^a-TO Ha pO^HHt HJIH H'tM'B 

oyMjieHia mohx^ y^HTejiefi bt» KOJiJieriH, Ho a TaaT* ace npHBBHCB K'B py- 
raiejiBCTBaM'B miHTOB'B; homotjh mh* Tepnteie h bhhocjhboctb Moero 
njeMeHH. H npHHHMajica iHTaTB Ha pacntB'B KaKyK)-Hfl6y.nB «cypy» 

H3I> KopaHa HJIH 8HH30A'B H3I> MeSYievi, l\Wh UHHnb, O^HHaKOBO CBH- 
meHHBIXI., KaK'B A-^a CyHHTOBI», Tatt-B H &.W miHTOB'B. — 9r0 flMCTBO- 

Bajio ycnoKaHBaromHM'B o6pa30M*B Ha moiix'E npecitAOBaTejiefi, ohii 
roBopHjH: ^(Oh'b em,e He coBciM-B noraoT); oh v b TaRT) snaeTT* KopaH-B, 
^to hs'b Hero Moacen> em;e bhiItm AoSpufl Mycy.iBMaHHHX» (t. e. 
miarB), BcioAy Bee, ito ecTB HanSojiie Hti.iKaro B'B qejioBtui, npo- 
aBJiajocB npe^o mhok) hoa^ BJiiaHieMTi pejiarin, KOTopaa cmiTaeTca 
npoAyRTOM'B SoHcecTBeHHaro BAOXHOBeHia h, no npeAuojoaceHiK), AOJiaaa 
AtficTBOBaTB Ha HejiOBbqecTBO oSjart^pajKiiBaH)^!!^!^ oSpasoM'B. Orb 
Moefi KOJLioejm ao caMofi ciapocTa, KaK'B B'B Asia xaK'B b*b EBpont, 



24 A i B A o. 

cpe,o;n rpyStrx'B BapBapoB-L h Jiojefl bhcoko* KyjLTypH, a Bcrcjiy 
BCTpt^ajit HeTepriHMOCTb, y30CTb B3r.ia;i,0B , b, 3Jio6y h HecnpaBeA-iii- 
boctii TOJbKO co CTopoHM pe.iiiri03HHX'b jno^efi h Ha ho^bI; ptiBrjg»< 
mm* ^ajbuie bt> iuyob Ilepcia yxojju.rb KapaBaH'B, Tiwb rlojuiniti 
^aHaTHSM'L npoflBJia.io Hace.ieHie. ,3,Jifl Hero «PemuA , b 9$$en;ui*, no 
upe^nojioaieHiio cyHurb, 6bun> TaRaa ace «nedjis> (HeqncTb), kqkt. jj 
xpucTianiiH'L. JKeHmHHM npoaBjajm eme Cojibmyro HeTepaiiMooib, 
qisj'b MyHc^iHHLi; oh* iueBajH na «cyHBTa> h "ocwnajiH ero pyraieib- 

CTBaMH. TO ()6cT0HTeJIbCTB0 qTO JKeHIUHHbl 9HeprH4Hte JieMOHGTpH* 

pyioTi) cBofl $aHaTH3Mii, qiMT* MyjKiaHfj, Hcnuxaji'L, Bnpo^eidb, eme 
KaHflHAi* *)- 

Bt> TaBpHci, iTofibi He BHAaBaxbCa CBOiiMt bh^omt* bi» nenpofi 
TOJint Kynn;oB'B, peMecjieHHHKOB'b, HHmnx'b, aepBHHiefi, myroBT., yjjHi- 
hhxt> ntBHiOBi, h (JoKycHifKOB'L, Baai6epH 3aMtHHJn> cBoe nojry-e»po- 
neiicKoe njiaTbe, npeBpaTHBineeca bt» jioxMOTba, nepcMACKHM'L, Tn.n% 
Kartt opieHTajiHCT'L ofaaAaerb ynHBHTejibHoft cnoco6HOCTbH> GucTpo 
h bt» coBepmeHCTB-h y.iaBjiHBaTb atcneHrb, to BaMfiepH, He CMOTfwi 
Ha ero eBponeflcKoe jmn,o, CTajiH npHHHMaTb bt> Ilepein 3a Tyaemja. 
CiuibHyio noMomb OKa3a.io TaKHce BejiHKOjrfcnHoe 3HaHie Kopana. llocurt 
HpoAOjiacmejibHaro npe6uBaHia b^ TaBpiicb, BaM6epa OTtipaBHJiea 
bx TerepaHi). Eynymee iipeACTaBjiajiocb Tenepb nyreinecTBeHBHKy st 
6ojrbe posoBOMTb cb4t4, — co3ptjia Ha^eHCAa, mo CMiuoe npeAnpiime 
AOBeAeHO CyAerB ao KOHU,a. BaM6epH npucoeAHHHJicH Kb KumnaHhi 
KypAOBt h apafiOBi; xoth bth 6hjih h H3-b cyHHTCiuix'b CTpaHii, ho 

txaJIH OHII, KaKT) UHHTH, «npOMHLU.}IHH Bip0fl». IlyTeHieCTBefTflHKH 

»th 6mjiii CTpaHCTByioni;ie CKa3HTejH CB?rai;eHHbiX'b ajieritt (Rouzekhan) 
k eaceAneBHO npojinBajin ijlubia Beapa cjiea'b, BOcirfcBaa B'b AepeBHaxt 
TpaniiecKyro-cyabfiy MyqeHHEOBT, racaHa h TycefiHa; HaSpaat Aeeeri,, 
nepeoAtTwe cyHHTbi cm^hjihcb Ha^ «HeBipHLiMH». ToproBiju: stpoff 
HMtjiH h Apyryro cnenjajibHOCTb: ohh onipaBjiajiH mnBiix'b n Mepx- 
BHXTb nepcoBT) kt> cBaTHM'b M'bcTaM'L bt» KepSeaa. JKuBbiirb iiepcawb 
«ToproBUH» ciyaciuiH npoBOAHHKaMH. Ohh BuroBapnBajiH ce6t B03- 
mohcho 6ojrfce Bwcoitift roHopapb, KOTopHit nojiyqajia aBaHeosrb, 1 
TattKOMi. BCTynajia hotom'b B'b CHoaieHie cb pa36ofiHHKaMii-6e,nyn- 
HaMH, o6npaBuiiiMH nyTeuiecTBeHHHKOB'b. MepTBbix^ nepcost Aocia- 

B.lflJIII Kl> CBaTMM'L MtCTaMt BbroqEbrMT. nopHflKOM'B, BT» HpHMHTHB- 

hlix'l rpoGaxi), cocToaBiHHX'b ii3i> TieTbipex^ aocokT). Bt* 9Toit nomeH- 
Hoii KOMiiaHin BaaiCepu 6jiaronoJiy*iHO Hpuow.i'b bt, TerepaHi**). Ki> 
nyTeuiecTBiK) bt> CpeAHwro Asiio opieHTaJiiicT'b roTOBHJca nofeflsofl 00 
K)}kho8 IlepciH b-b IIcnaraHb, niupacb h Ilepcenojib. B-l Terepaet. 

*) ,La femme...., avisant un homme qni doutait que le pape fftt an- 
techrist, lui repandit sur le chef un plein... ciel! a quel exces se portt la 
zele de la religion dans les dames!" (Candide, Chapitre III). 

**) 9ia KOMnania no^po6no onncana bo BTopoft KHHrB BaM6epn, ttocbji- 
meHHoft nyTeuiecTBiio bt> Cpcuiitoio A3iio: „ Wanderings and Experiences in 
Persia*. Kunra nepeBe^eHa Ha Mnorie a»HKH, no, KaaceTca, He Ha pyccKifi. 




SAffHCKH BAFI8. 15 

lyTeraecTBeHHHKj ciea3ajin, *ito nofoflKa b*b Byxapy noTrn hcbos- 
MO»Ha. BcjrfcflCTBie boJIhh, nponcxoAHBineft Tor#a Ha ctBepo-BOCTOK* 
HepciH, Aopora qepe3t MemeA'b h MepB'b 6buia coBepmeHHO He^o- 
CTynHa, HTodbi He TpaTHTb HanpacHo BpeMeHH, npHxoflajiocb HaMt- 
thtb, noaTOMy, KaK0fi-HH6yftb HHoft njiaH'B. «Bt> mok) nporpaMMy He 
bxo^hjio Hayqeme apificKHX'b H3biK0B'b, — rosoparb BawSepn, — no- 
BToiiy, co6cTBeHHO, uwb Heqero 6hjio ataaTb bt> IDacHoft nepcia; ho 
a %omewb 6hjtb npoflojnKaTb cncieMy aaKajHBaHia ce6a. Kponi 
Toro, KoqeBaa jkhbhl ho Toro iioaioGHjacb mh*, ito TBep^oe cb^jio, 
TBep^He cyxapn h TBep^aa nocTejb Ha seMJifc npaBHjracb Teaepb mh% 
fiojibme, qiMi pocKomb, KOTopyio npe^araJH mh4 b'b rocTenpiaMHOM'b 
TypeiiKOM'b nocojibCTBi bt> TerepaHi». T lepe3'b nocpeflCTBO Typen,KnxT> 
apy3efi, BaM6epn npio6pfrrb MHoro sHaaoMiix'b bt> Ter paHt, 6njrb 
npe^cTaBJieH'L niaxy h, Korjja OTnpaBBaca bt> JOacHyio llepciio, nojiy- 
qajrb orb nepcHACKaro npaBHTeJibCTBa oxpaHHtifi jhctb na hmh 
«OTOMaHCRaro noflnaHHaro Peraa.n.a 9$$eH,HH». Bt> HcnaraHa 3HaMe- 
HHTufi Myjuia Toro BpeMeHH ntrrajicfl oSparnxb «cyHHTa» BaM6epn 
Ha nyn^HCTHHHHfi, t. e. B'b iniHTa. C'b aiofl i$JibK) ycTpoeH'b 6h.it> 
flaace 6ojn>niofi pejHriosHbift flacnyT'b. Myjiay noAflepjKajrb pa^ flpy- 
thx'b yqeHMX'b 6oroasoBOB , b, cTapaBinnxca flOKaaaxb, ito TOJibKO flor- 
MaTH ffliHTOB'b eflHHCTBeHHO BtpHbie. Botocjiobbi npHBejH BCTHKOe 
MHOHcecTBO apryMeHTOBT> #jih flOKasaTeabCTBa, ^to nepBue Kajiii$bi 
AeyKHpi*, OcMaH'b h Oacap-b 6hjih, bx cymHOCTH, TOJibKO ysypiiaTopw 
h hto TOJibKO OjD^HH'b Ajih HMterb HeorbeMJieMoe npaBO Ha THTyxi. 
HacjrfeflHHKa npopoaa. Tairb Kaicb BaMSepa npHcyTCTBOBajrb yace Ha 
TaKux-b fl.HcnyTax'b B'b Typitfii, to oht» npnBejrb apryMeHTH, BticTa- 
BiaeMbie o6uKHOBeHHO cyHHTaMH, sarfeM'b saMOjreajrb. BoroaaoBbi 6miir 
B^ BocToprfc, nro pa36HJiH na roJOBy cxH3MaTHKa. «BtAHHe oynijbi! — 
roBopHTi, BaM6epH,— ito 6h ohh CKasajw, y3HaB'b, hto otl npHKO- 
cHOBema KTb «$peHrn> (eBponefiiiy) cTaJH «nedji» (ne^HCTb). E^- 
Harn apryMeHTHpoBajH Bee BpeMa c'b saKjumnrb BparoMTb KaKoro 6li 
to hh 6ujio KaHOHH3iipoBaHHaro fforMaTaI» YneHbie SorocioBU Ha- 
mjiHCb h B'b KapaBaH-h, c'b kotophmt> BaM6epn npeflnpHHfljrb nyTe- 
mecTBie no H)»Hofi IlepciH. Onn roTOBbi 6r.ih HaqaTb npenia bt> 
jiioSofl MOMeHrb: wh nyTH, Ha Hoqjieri, Ha npuBajiax'b. ^acTO kt> 
Beqepy, Kor^a cTanoBBJiocb npoxjia^Hte h BaM6epH ^peMa.11) bt> ckfljii, 
KaK0fl-HH6yAb pbanbift cnopmHK'b BHesaimo fiyAHJTb nyTemecTBeHHHKa 
BOCOHD.aHieM'b: ^HTaK'b, th OTpHn;aeinb, hto OMap-b, 8Ta napuiHBaa 
cofiana, raycHoe Hcqa^ie a^a, 9Ta BOHroqaa ra^ana, 6Hjn» 3axBaT- 
qaK'b BjacTH h caM03BaHen,T>? Orstqafi HeMe^eHHO 8$$eHAH. y MeHH 
CHJibHoe MceJiaHie OTnpaBHTb Te6a B^ a^ Kb TBoeMy cKBepHOMy na- 
TpoHy!» H MHpojiR>6aBbifi nyTemecTBeHHHK'b, noooHHHK'b Bo.ibTepa h 
IIlTpayca, npo6yac,neHHHfi BHesanHO orb CHa, flOJiaceH'b 6ujit> He- 
MeAJeHHo npHBo^HTb h BHCJiymaBaTb He^inbie apryMeHTH. 

Kor^a Baai6epH B03Bpaiajica B'b TerepaH'b H3i> no^fliui no H)hc- 
Hofl HepciH, offb oaoHqaTejibHo pimnji'b npe^npaHaTb n,yTemecTBie 



88 J 1 H E 0. 

bt> Byxapy, ecjn hcoSxoahmo, qepe3t Tepart h npaMo <iepc3t Typs- 
MeHCKifl CTena. 031* «a$(J)eHffH» BaMSepH npeBpaTHJica b% Spo^ary 
flepBHma, t. e. bt> MycyjibMaHCKaro «cTpaHHHKa». Xo^htb bt» nox- 
motwix'b h BtinpainHBaTL xjrbS-b niHieMx cBflmeHHUxi, rHMHOB-b OtiJio 
Tpy^Ho; ho sto AaBa.10 H3BicTHbifi maHCb Ha ocymecrBJieBie sa;iy- 
iiaHHaro iijaHa. Bt> to BpeifH, t. e. B'b Haqajrfe inecnuecsraxi. ro- 
AObx, y Bctxt B'B naMATH fibuia CMepTb aHrjiificKHXTb o<J)Hijepm*ii Ko- 
hojjih h dow^PTa, BaMyqeHHuxt nuTKaMH b*b Eyxapi. Tar^a 3se 
Ae BjOKBHjb, TOJbKO mo SivaBmifi h3T> njiiraa y TypKMemiivb, rrpn- 
Bejrb Bctx'b B'b yacacb pa3CKa3aMH npo CTpaAamfl eBponeflqeB'B, Ha- 
xo^aniBXca B'b njrfcny y cpeAHe-a3iaTCKHX , b xaHOBi*. roBopiun, *ito 
anrjiflcKift o^Hijep-b Kannianb YofloopH'b, nponaBmift B'b TypKMeH- 
CKHX'b denflX'b, nomS'b Toace orb nbrroK'b. Bcfc sth $aKTH u MHoro 
Apynixi* eme iiphboahjih TerepaHCKie apy3bfl BaMSepH, ^toSh otto* 
BopMTb ero orb nyieniecTBifl, TaK'b cKa3aTb, bt> ijeHTpx Mycyjib- 
MaHCKaro <jmnaTH3Ma. Kor.ua B'b TypeijROM'b nocojibCTBi ysnajiii, tito 
BaMSepH coonpaerca cBepmnTb nyTb B'b KOMnama oSopnaRHLirL, 
nojiyAHKHX'b.TaTap'b, B03BpamaBaiHxcH B'b dean H3 , b najioMtinnecTBa 
wb rpo6y npopoKa, — nyieniecTBeHHiiKa co^jih ocyjKAeHHMM r b Ka riiSe-it. 
IlpiflTejib BaMSepn, Typemuft nocaaHHiiK'b Xafi^ap^ 3(Jxj>efiAfr, npn- 
3Ba.Tb Kb ce6t CTapocrb KapaBaHa Hnmnx'b, a^t* umt> no.ua pkh h 
yStsK^ajiT) HX*b 3a6oTHTboa o uyTemecTBeHHHK'fe. EocJiaHHHK'h cAtaajrs 
eme Sojibwe: OH'b Bbinajrb oxpaHHTejbHjK) rpaMOTy, bt> KOTopoti BaM- 
SepH 3HaiH.iCH, KaK'b xadjfcu Manmerb PeniHA'b 9$<|>eHAn. 3panie 

«Xa^H», O^eHb ITHMOe Ha BOCTOK*, KaK'b H3BtCTH0, J^aeTCH TO.ILK0 

npaBOB'bpHiJM'b, noSuBaBHiHM'b B'b MeKK*. TypeijKifi nocjraHHHKT; aiiajni, 
•no PerauA^ Stytymnn He TOJibKO He 6ujn> y rpoSa npopoKa, ho nw 
oh^ Aaace He Mycy.ibMaHiiH r b. BuAaia rpaMora CBHAfrrejibCTByerL, KaK'b 
o AoSporfc Typei^Karo nocia, TaK'b h o pejinrioaHoft TepniiMocTH ero. 
TpaMOTa ii TiiTy-iT) «xaAHca» HtcKOJibKO pa3T> cnacjiH »H3Hb BaaifiepB. 
0$^iiii,iajbHbifl AOKyMeHT-b, cKptrweHHLifi noAQHCbH) cy^TaHa (xyrpa), 
Bcenja BHyraajcb TypKMeHaM'b rjiySoKoe ynajKeHie. Ohh nptefiairni 
ocMaHJiiicoB'b 6paTbHMH no Btpi. B'b CTenax-b TypKMeHU npnoaAtr- 
Ba.iHCb K-b hoauhch cyjuaHa, KaK'b Kb cbhtbih4. B*b Xhb4 n Byxapt, 
r^t noAnHCb naa,Hinaxa fibijia enje Sojite HSBicTna, rpaMOia Bbi3bi^ 
Baaa eme Sojibniee yBameHie. Ho MHtHito BaMfiepn, o$$iiniaabHufi 
npeACTaBHWJb KaKoro-HHSy^b rocyAapcTBa ryMaHHofi Esponu Bp.a,n 
jih cfl'bjiaji'b 6h TaKoit He BejiHKOAyniHufl nocTynoK'b no OTflomeeiio 
K-b MaroMeTaHiiny. 

IlLiTajicfl TaKace OTroBapiiBaTb BaMSepn otti nyTeraecTBia BpaTt 
npn aRCTpiiicKOM'b nocojibCTBi. yoiJAHBiHHCb, ^to apryMeHTti no a^A- 
dByiorb, Bpa^i* a^jit* BaMSepH HtcKOJibKO nnjirojib. «Borb Bani. 

CTpHXHHH*b, — CKa3a.IT> OH'b, — RJXb BaCb HSSaBHTb OT*b MCAJieHHnfl CMCpTH 

hoat* nuTKofi. KorAa Bacb OTAaAyrb najiaqy, nporJOTHTe stii un- 
jijojih. Oh* coKpaTjm> Bamn MyqeHia». BaMSepn oSHflji'b Bpa*ia h 
cnpaTajii> b^t> 3a noAoaAKy. «I1hjik)jih Sujih Moeft HaAe^Aofi b^ 



8AHHCKH HAPIH. ^ 27 

nyrn, — roBopnrb BaMfiepa. — MHoro pa3T> bo BpeMH RpaftHeft onacHo- 
cth a HamynHBajit muiom. YSiAHBniHCb, ito oh* Ha Midi, a 
qyBCTBOBajrb o6.ier<ieme». Bee coaroame BaM6epn 3aoK)*iajiocb Bt 
«Kiblenuma», t. e. bt» Roitnacli a^h onpeA^eHia no.ioHceHifl MeKKH 
h Me^HHH bo BpeMH mojihtbh, Aa bt> H r bcKOJibKHx r b AyKaraxT,, 3anpa- 
TaHHHXT> b-l fianraaRax'b, Me»AY nofloinBaMH h no^cTHjiKOii. «Cantabit 
vacuus coram latrone viator,* —roBoparb H)BeHajn>, t. e. ccTpaHHHKt, 
HHiero He HMtomifi npa ce6*b, -fiynerb niTB, 3aBH#feB'B rpa6HTejieft». 
Bora noqeiiy BaMfiepa He 6oajica BCTptqa cb pa36ofiaHibHMii maft- 
KaMH. JIoxmotlh ero 6lijih Tain. acaaRH, *no ho Mor.ni co6jia3HHTb 
Aaace caMaro asa^Haro pa36oftHHRa. H bott, BanfiepH TpoHyjica B'b 
nyTb no HanpaBjieHiEO wb KacnificROMy Mopro, ociaBHB'b 3a co6oio Te- 
repaHt h nocjrfcAHia cba3h cb EBponofi. Kte. TpyAHocTaarb nyTH (xpo- 
MOMy BaM6epa npnxoAHJiocb MHoro hath niniROM'b), kt> MyaaM^ ro- 
jnoAa h scaJKAu, k-b TaacejiOMy rjiz casiaro HenpnxoTjiHBaro eBponefina 
cocTOHHiK) HHmaro-AepBHina, nHTaiomarocanoAaaHieiyrb,— npnoaBJiaJiocb 
erne 6e3npepbiBHoe cTpamHoe Hanpaaceme HepBOB'b. CMtiufi nyTeme- 

CTBeHHHKTE. nOCTOHHHO AO-iaeHT. 6bLTb AyMaTb TOMl, RaRT» 6bl He BH- 

AaTb KaKOK) HnSyAb HH^ToacHOK) MejiOHbH) CBoero incognito. BaMSepa 
BTb coBepmeHCTB* BjiaA'fejrb hshromv, oht> otjm'iho 3Hajn> KopaH'b; ho 
H0A03ptHie B036ysAa.iH qepibi ero JMn;a. «JJ,neM r b u hombjo, bo chIj 
hjih Ha ABy, bt> lOJint hjih HaeAUHi, a uoctohhho AOJHKen'b 6twr& 
noMHHTb moh) pojb, 6biTb BcerAa Hacropoart, hto6h HHKorAa hh Ma- 
jitfimHM'b npoMaxoMt He BMAaTb ce6a, — roBopnrb BaMoepn. — IIo ho- 
qaM-b, KorAa Bet cnajiH, a upiyqajrb jihijo ri* HiROToptiM'b rpiiMacaarb, 
K*b fijiaroqecTHBOMy h xapaKTepHOMy a^h HHmnx'b-AepBHnieft saHara- 
BaHijo rjias'B. H noApaacajrb KecTHRyjian.iHM'b, noAMiHeHHbiM'b y mohxt> 
nonyTqHKOBX. HeJioB'fcR'b ao Tauofi deneHH 6hctpo npHcnocoSjiaeTca 
vn> OKpyasaiomefi ero cpeA*, ^to qepes^ A»a Micaija a npeACTaBJifljri 
B'b acecTax'b h MaHepi roBopaTb TO^syro Roniio mohxb nonymHROBL 
najiOMHHKOB'b. OouKHOBeHHOMy TypKMeHy a Rasajica AepBHineirb H3T> 
Konana hjih Kauirapa... He Mory crphtb Toro, ito nepBbie ahh $h- 
anqecKia jLHraema, HepaspHBHO cBH3aHHbia cb Moeio pojibH) Hemaro, — 
AOCTaBjiajin mh4 MyqeHia. TaRT», Hanp., He;ib3a cRa3aTb, ^To6bi oco- 
6eHH0 npiaTHO 6bijio tdb najibijaMH 1131* ropuiRa pneb, CAo6peaHLifi 
sa HeAOCTaTROM'b aenpa — cajibHofi cBfrieft, pacb, bt> ROTopufi Hamie 
TOJbKO mo BcyHyjiH cboh rpfl3Hua, HOKpHTbia 6ojinnK , a / UR pyRH. He 
ocoSeHHo npiaTHO TaRace cnaTb phaomb cb xpauantHMH hhd^hmh, iox- 
MOTba ROTopuxx RHmarL HachROMHMH. Ho a yrtniajica BOcnoMHHa- 
HiflMH crpaAaHiax'L h jiHiueHiax'L, ROTopua nepeHecb bx a^tctb* 
h iohocth*. CnabHte Bcero BaM6epn CTpaAajrb ot^ HactROMHX'b. 
TojibRO bte» cTenax'b CpeAHefl Ami oh^ noea.Tb, no^eaiy wb BaSjiH 
HaciROMbra ynoMHHaioTca, RaRT> OAHa hs'b asBTb, rotoplimh 6bun> Ha- 
na3aHi> Eraaerb. Hotomi* cMtjaro nyTemecTBeHHHRa AOHHMajia acapa, 
KOTopaa wb cTenax^, no HafijiioAeHiaM'b no.iROBHHRa MapRycoBa, ao- 
fiTaraerb ao 50 h aa^e ao 52° no Peoioopy. «3ejioBtR'b, xaRi GRa- 



k 



29 A I O H ft 0. 

3aTB, B^Hxaerb He BOs^yxT*, a naaMH. Ko^a iiopmaTca. KoieSaHie 
HarpiTaro, CTpyamaroca BosAyxa noqTH owrfeniaerB. Orb bocbmh qa- 
coBt yrpa ao 3—4 qacoB'b A&a nyrHincb qyBi.TByerb ce6a Eaat 6h 
bt> »apKO BWTon.ieHHoft neqa. Myqeeia yBe-iaqiiBaiOTca, ttor^anpuxo- 
AHTca, CKproqaBinaeb, CHAiTb bt> «kedjeve» (icopaHHt) Ha cmifffe bo- 
naiomaro noTOMt h a3BaMH Bep6:iB0Aa. Mncr^a, KorAa 6t^Hoe jkhbot- 
Hoe He Bt cHjiax'B 6ujio ynce dynaTB no rjiyooitOMy nectty, a aoji- 
meH'B 6livTl cnycTHTbca h njim anaqiiTeJbHoe pascToame niifflKOM'b. 
Tain* icaKt a xpoMajn> na nory, to npuxoAHJiocb chjibho onapaTbca 
Ha najih'y. Orb aToro npaBaa pyKa pacnyxaa HACJiro cajibno 6ojrfciia>. 
3a HCKJiioqeHieM'B aToro, 3AopoBbe BaM6epa Bee Bpena 6llio bt> ot- 

JIH^HOMt COCTOHHiH. 

BaMfiepa ao TaKofl cieneHH xopomo arpaat cbok) pojib, qTO Typ&- 
Menu npoHBoacb rjiy6oitHM'L yBaxieBieM'b kt> ero naooTEHocTH. Ohh 
cHHTajiH ero CBaraM'b h3t> AaseRaro «Rum» (3anaAa). MoaoAfcre h 
CTapHKH cTapa.iHCb upoTOJitaTbca Kb Heny, qTofiti nojiyqaTb orb Hero 
6jiaroc:iOBeHie, h.ih xotb noqyBCTBOBaTb Auxame cbhtoto, KOTopoe, co- 
raacHO npeACTaBjeHiro, npeAOxpaHaert orb fiojitraa: Paa'b wl BaM- 
6epa npainejrb cfcAcfiopojiLifi CTapaKT,, ciennofi bojieb, MHoro jrfcrb 
rpa6HBinifl KapaBaitbi. «niefixHM-b, — t. e. MOft meUx^,— Haqaxb da- 
pain*. — IIo'ieMy th He daHenib bo oaBi OTpa^a xpaepenps-b h He 
cflijaenib Haotra. TBoa CBHTOCTb jento coopajia 6m apMiro bt. uhtb 

TLICaq'b HataAHHKOBf, CT. KOTOpiJMH TH 6u MOHb BTOprHyTbCa B'b cTpaHy 

cxnaMaTHKOB-b-iHiHTOB-b (IlepciK)). & aerso Mory aTO CA^aaTb Aaa 
Te6a. Ilpn noMoma Ajuiaxa h TBoefi fatiha (mojibtbh) mh BepHeMca 
vh oojibmofl AoSuqefi*. 

KpafiHe Tpy^HO 6hjio CKptrrb cboo incognito b-b TaKHX'b HacejeH- 
hlixte» MtcTaxT., Yjifr BCTpiqajiacb jhoah, no6rjBaBniie bt» HhaIb h Typ- 
n;iB h BHAaBinie eBponefiijeB'b. 9th 6biBaji&ie jik>ah Kpafine noA03pa- 
rejibHO OTHOCHJiHCb kt> «xaAKH h CBaTOMy», noABeprajiH ero nepe- 
KpecTHOMy jjonpocy h AoniJTWBajHCb, k^koS oht> HartfoHajibHOCTH. Haa- 
6ojiie TO'inrae h acHbie OTBtru He mooh pa3ciaTb noA03ptHift. Ta- 
KHM-b o6pa30MB, Hanp., bo Bpeaia nyTH B'b XaBy, OflHH'b o6b[BaTeJib 
KaHAarapa, CtnaBmia mi> aHrjiiflc&aro njitHa b*l 1840 r., KaTero- 
pnnecKH saBBaji-b BaM6epn, ^to oh'b eBponeeT^t, xoth h roBopiiT'b 
Taifb otjih^ho Ha a3MKax'b npaBOBtpHux'b napoAOBb. BaM6epa npo6o- 
Ba.!^ npeBpaTHib Bee B'b myTKy; ho 8to He homotjio. Paa'b BeqepoMt 
BaMoepa noACJiymajrb, KaEb ero oSjiaqHTeJib CKasajit KepBaHoaniH 
(t. e. HanajibHHKy KapaBaHa): «Bbiocb o6b aaoaA^, ^to oto nepe- 
oA'feTbia «$peHrH» h.ih pyccdft innioH'b, orMtqaiomift y ceoa Bet ropbi, 
Aojihhli h K0.10AH.M A-ia Toro, qTo6bi pyccuie motjih BdynHTb noTOMTb 
ciOAa 663^ npoBOAHHKa a OTHaTb y Bacb A^Teft a CTaAa. \ih XaBt 
xaHb ffiHBO Ao6epeTca %o npaBAH. ,H[ii6a a KajieHoe aeitao pa3Ba- 
»yTb aTOMy nepeoA^TOMy «$peHra» a3HK r b». Tpe6oBa.iocb yAHBHTejb- 
Hoe caMOoSjiaAaHie, qTofiiii He BbiAaib ce6a hh OAHaMbHecTOMTb BaM- 
oepa npiyqaaca ^jikimh qacaiia cha4tb HenoABHffiHO, KaKi KaMeHHoe 



L_ 



SAtitfcftH tupfif. 29 

fiSBaame h TOJbKo 6e33Byqno meBejiHTb ry6aMH. TIInioHU, BUCjiaHHbie 
m-b Byxapu, Ky^a AocTH.rb CMynraii cjiyx'b npo nepeo^Taro «$peHrn>: 
HHor#a rpoMKO o6cyjKAajni bt. ero npncyTCTBi"H npoeicrb jiyqmaro H3- 
JiosjieHiji. Ecjih 6bi BaMoepn u3M'teHjicfl bt> jihi$, to owl norHo-b 6h. 
tlloffb Byxapofi, y MorMH MiciHaro cbhtcto Baraa^HHa,— paacra- 
sHBaert BaMfiepa,— mm cBepnin.iH o&mm&a MOJieHia, iipoAOJUKaBnria&a 

BeCb NEb, OT'b BOCbMH iaC0BT> JTpa #0 IK^flHeft HOHH. H MOJIHJICflj 

nfejit, BoriHJiT., cTonajrb h fie.jyMCTBOBajnb bt> cBameHHOMi. BKCTasi 
He OTCTaBaa orb Ha«6ojrfce fijiaroqecTHBLJX'b naaoMHiiKOBh. Y^ubjaiocl 
AO chx-l nopij. oTKjjDta y mchh Tor#a bs&jc a TaKofi HeH3caKacMufl no- 
TOKt cjiest h KaKi, a Mora Taw aojto Bb tote ache nrpaTb po.ib 
BocTopxenHaro naJOMHiiKa, ne BHAaB'b ce6a. Romewb cxmaTLca, qio 
npnpoAa Ha^jmjia mchh MHMnqecKHMT. TajnHTOM'b. Yace b-b paHHefi 
mojioaocth a yBrkjrB iioApaacaTb BwpaaceHiio jnin,a pasjuiqEKXT. m&e&. 
fl AyMaio, BnpoqeM'b, qxo Bt Cpe^neii Abih mh* noMon, ne cTOJibKO 

MHMHqeCKifi TaJiaHTb, CKOJIbKO HHCTHHKT'b CaMOCOXpaHemH H C03HUHie 

6e3npepbiBHofi onacHOdH. Orpax-b cMepTH Bcer^a HBjiaeTca oTBpaTH- 

TeJIbBblMl) SKBBOTHHM'b, CKaJTaiH,Hirb na HaCb CBOH 3y6bL XOTH CB T6- 

leHieMTb BpeMeHH mojkbo npHBUKHyxb kt> mhcjh o uocToaHHOM'b npn- 
cyxcTBiH 3Toro 3Bipff, ho oh^, t. e. CTpaxT, cMepm, HHitorna He Te- 
paerb cBoefi BjiacTii Ha^t HaMH. Ii ecjin mu na;vfcJieHbi Kptnitofi HepB- 
Hoft cncTeMofi, to MOHceMt ,o;a3Ke, He cMOTpa Ha npacyTCTBie qyAOBnnja, 
CBepmaTb yAHBBTe.ii huh Alijra». *). 

Bii Xhb4 6ujh> TaKoil M0MeHT7>, Kor^a npHSBajiH yace najiaqa; ho 
y^HBHTejibHoe caMOofijiaAaBie cnacjio BaMCepn. BnoaniACTBiH h^ko- 
Topwe KpHTiiKH, hcxouh mi* nojioaceHia, qTo eBponeeni^ He Moacerb 

BHHeCTH TaKHXt JIHIHeflifl, Katt-b Hiimifl-.nepBHiHb. — CKenTH*ieCKH OTHO- 
CHJlHCb KT» HO,lBHry BaM6epH. «3HaKOMFJe Cb TtMT>, ^TO a BiicTpanajTb 
B*b A^TCTBt H BT> IOHOCTH, — rOBOpHTt nyTeHieCTBeHBHlCb Bb CBoefi aB- 

To6iorpa$iH,—q[HTaTe.iH, aHaromie, ^to #o BOceMBaAojaTH .itTt a h© 
SHaji'b omyn^eHia nojiHoil cutocth h BUHec-b paA^ cTpaAanifi Bcaaoro 
poAa,-He yAHBHTca TOMy, qro Mat y^ajiocb ocymecTBiiTb Mofl njam. 
Ct A^'CTBa MeHH hoctohhho 3acTaB,iajiH uocTynaTb npoTHB-b mohx'b 
y6teACHift: qTo6r>i noaacTb b'b inKOJiy, Hanp., mh^, eBpeio, npa- 
xoAHJiocb cjymaTb KaTOJinqecKia MOJiHTBbru KarexH3HC!>. HiT'bHHiero 
yjjHBHTejibHaro B'b tom-b, hto bt> CpeAHefi A3in, vn;h OT'b y^aqHaro 
npHTBopcTBa, homhmo Bcero, 3aBiic4-io Moe cnacenie, a Buuie.i'b uo- 
GtAHTeJioM'b. ,11,0 MeHa hhkto H3b eBponeiicKHX f b nyxeinecTBeHHHKOB'b 
He CKpbiJit CBoero incognito hoat> jioxmotbjimii Hiimaro A^pBHnia, no- 
TOMy qTO ByparapTb, BepTOH-b h XepcTOHAarb noctTH^H Meiacy, Bojib^-b 
h BepHCb Byxapy h KoHejJH— TypKMencKia CTemj, Kait^ 6orarbie My- 
cyjibMaHe, hjih KaKb o$(f)nuiajbHbie npeACTaBHTe-iH HaeicTHaro rocy- 
AapcTBa. HeMHorwM'b h3t> uouxt iipeAHiecTBeHHiiKOBb npHiujocb uc- 
HHTaTb B'b nym Tania jnimeBia, Kas'b MHi; no neMHorie sa to npo- 



*) The Story of My Struggles, v. I, p. 108. 



30 X I H £ 0. 

mjiH bt> fliTCTBi TaKyro noAroTOBHTejibHyro inKOJiy, Kara a. Ben^ bch- 
Karo aceMaHCTBa h coBepmeHHO HCKpeHno CKaacy, ^to moh npnomc- 
Hia bt> CpeAHeft A3in noKaacyTca HeHBTepecntiMH, ecjin paacMaipiiBaTb 
hxx, KaKt nponojiaceme MOHX'b HCHbrramft bt> TypijiH h bt> Tlepc-iu, 
a 9th nocjiiAHi^i Kara AaabHifiniee pa3BHTie Bcero Toro, to> uepe- 
Tepntjn. a B'b A^TCTBt h B'b iHKOjrfe, rA* Bet, cb TaKHMt ycepAitiHt, 
MyqHJiH «jKHAeHKa». Mchh qacTO cnpaniHBa.iH, Kara a motb buhgcth 
6e3npepwBHoe oasHAame MymieJibHoH cMepTHofi Ka3Hn? Ho jehuii ato- 
ryrb npHBUKHyTb ptinnxejibHO ko Bceuy: Kb roaoAy, ra fiesnpepuB- 
HHM'b yHHaceHiaM'b, ra BirabiM'b npecjit^OBaHiaMTb, ra no-aoateHlio 
napiw. HpHBtiKarorb ohh Taoce ra mbjcjh o tom*, <ito cMeprt Jiuerb 
hx'b eaceMHHyTHo. JI Tepajrb caMooSjiaAame, h toto-uko HaMraoBenie, 
jiHinb Tor^a, Kor^a coSkria 3axBaraBajiH MeHa coBepmeHHO HeoiKn- 
flaHHO. IIomhk), a BOCKJiHKHyji'b pa3 r b Ha poflHOMB a3WK*h Et Xa.ia- 
TacKofi cTenn, Kor^a no^Tu yuapajTb otb aca&AH. H ropfrit jvrjip, 

Wb JIHXOpafllrfj H 6UJH> B'b 6e3CQ3HaTeJIbH0M'b cocToaHin. BTopofi past, 

a cMyTHJica Ha MrHOBeHie B'b CaMapKaH^t bo Bpena ayAi*Huin y 
9MHpa. O^hh'b H3*b npiiABopHbix'b KocHyjica Moeit ineir_ h cuasaxb, 
«Hcajib, 3a6uji'b Hoarb AOMa». Ho Bcefi BtpoaTHOdH, to 6eijto cay- 
^afiHoe saMtuame. Bt» o6meMTb ace, bt> caMue KpHTH^ecKie momghtij, 
a He TOJibKo coxpaHHjnb cnoKoficTBie, ho 6ujn> j&me Becexb. 3j;opOBa:i 
MOJio^ocTb He JierKO noAAaeica oTiaaHiK). Y MeHa 6hun> rpoiuaAHiJii 
yanacb JKH3HepaA0CTH0CTH, KOTopufi no^Aajica Jianib BJuaHiro cxapo- 

CTH H 60JTfc3HH» *). 



Bt> cBoeM'b onncaHiH «3HaMeHHTaro nyienrecTBia, nepeBejeHnoifb 
Ha pyccKifi a3bira, BaM6epn pa3CKa3HBaerb, Kara eABa He 6u.ii> ut- 
AaH-b najiaqy. H36aBHBinHCb orB HeMHHyeMofi, noBHAHMOMy, cMeprrc, 
BaMfiepa OTnpaBHJica n&b CaMapKaHAa Ha K)ro-3an;aA , b A3iu. *Mh4 
npHnuocb BHHHTb Aaace ocaAora bt, Ky6Kfc CTpanamfi,— roBopurb ana* 
MeHHTHfi opieHiaJiHcrb B'b cBoefi aBTo6iorpa$in. To, ^to a BiicTpa- 
Aajn* ot-b roaoAa, xoJOAa h ycTaiocTH MemAy CaMapKaHAOMo u Me- 
meAOMT* npeBocxoAHT'b BcaKoe onacaHie. EBponefin;bi BpaA'b Jin nosi- 
Phjih MHi». Ha lor^ oti OKcyca (AMy-^apbH) BaM6epn 6ojbine CTpa- 
AajiT* orb rojiOAa, vbwb Aaace B'b DpecSyprh. 3a to onacHocxb Ohtl 
y3HaHHEiM'b yMeHbmHJiacb. 1/ BaM6epa Teiiepb 6ujtb eme o^um* ox- 
paHHbifi jiHcrb, BHAaHHbift eMy oahhm'b Ha'b CTenHHX'b xaH0B"b, *A a 
6jjsfivb b*aomo BciM*, — rjacHJia rpaMOTa, — *rro SjaropoAHbiil xajaiB 
ASAypeuiBA'b, BbixoAeni'b h3t> Typn,iH, npnmeji'b croAa c'b HaMtpeHieMt 
noooHHTbca iiornjiaM'b CBaTHX'b B'b SjiaropoAHofi Byxapi ippaficKOM'b 
CaMapKaHA*. CoBepuiHB^ CBoe najioMHHqecTBO Kt MorujiaM'b cbatmx% 

*) lb., p. 201. 



. 8A1TWCKH 1APIH. •'I 

h 6hbidh qeJioMi ero BeaeqecTBy aMHpy, — xaflKH A6AypeinHA'b BOSBpa- 
maeTca aomoB. Oh'b HMien. rpaiioTy orb ero BejinqecTBa noBeraTejia 
npaBOBtpHMX'B h HMaifa Bctxi MycyjiLMaHT>. CoBinyeTca, uoaTony, 

He TOJIbKO He ^HHHTB HHKaKOfi 06URU BHffieHa3BaHHOMy xaAacn, HO, 

eanpoTHBt, hthtb h yBa«aTb ero, OHcaao b*l . Micai# Caycapi, 
jrfcra 1280*. 

HHmifl-aepBHiirB SaaronojiyqHO Ao6paJrca ao AfiraHHCTaHa. Bt> Te- 
parfe OH'b npofifcUTB HicKOJibKo He^B. Ebuia yace xojiOAHaa oceHb; 
ho nyTemecTBeHHHB^ Bee Bpeiia, BMtcrh cb ApyrHMH hbhuimh, floa- 
ateHi. 6kuh> ctoatb Ha otkphtom'b BosAyxt, Ha rojiofi seiurb. IlHTa.icH 
oh'b noAaameM'b, BHMajiHBaa ero y $aHaTHKOBT> hjIhtob'b, kotophh 
qacTo, BMtdO xjrh6a, npooHHajH <cyHHTa», 6hjih ero hjih rpo3HJiH 
cMepTbK). «Jifl chx'b nopTb a coAporarocb npn mhcjih o toA ra^ocTH, 
KOTopofi npHXOflHJOCB b*b to Bpeiia nnTaTbca, h o rfcxB 8JI06HLIX'B 
Bzr&siji&Tb, — roBoparb BaMfiepa. — B'b CHjy oxpaHHofl rpaMora mo- 

JLOROTO 8MUpa, MeHH H6 CWbjlK y6HTb, HO 3a TO HeHaBHfllMH H oc- 

Kop6jflJiH». HeHaBHCTb b'b ocoSeHHocTH npoflBHJiacB no nyTHH3*re- 
paTa bt> MeraeA'b. ABraHijaM'b, saKyTaHHHM'b bt> m&xobhh 6ypKH, ao- 
cTaBMjio ocofioe y^oBOJibCTBie bha4tb, KaKi» HHmift - AepBHHTb apo- 
acHTB orb xoaoAa b'b cbohxt> jioxMOTbaxT* h CTyqarb sySaara. Mucjib, 
qTO CMtjoe nyTemecTBie 6jih3htch k^ KOHuy, B036yacn,ajia BaM6epH h 
AaBajia eMy chjhj nepeHOCHTb jminema. HoA^eM* ayxa 6&urb TaK* 
BejiHifb, qTO orb Meme.ua ao Xopacana nyTemecTBeHHHK'b HaxoAHJica 
Kaifb bt> jiexopa^K*. mwb Sanace noAXOA&Ji'b RapaBaH'b kt> TerepaHy, 
rat Haxofliuiacb nepBaa eBponeflcKaa KOJiOHia, — rfcM'b Sojrbe npnnonHHToe 
HacTpoeHie paaio. BaiiSepa pacoBajrb ce6t 6ynymee B'b caMHX'b po- 
30BUX*b EpacKarB. Tenepb, kohc^ho, poAHHa npasffaerb ero sacjiyrn. 
Oh-b 6u:n> nepBbift eBponeen.'B, KOToptift orb roacHaro 6epera Kacnift- 
cKaro Mopa qepe3i rapKaHCKyio nycTHHio aocthfb Xhbh, oTTy^a qe- 
pe3i> necqaHHH ctchh XajiaTa ^o Byxapu, a. noTOin* ao TepaTa. 
Oaho bto flaBajio y»e npaBO Ha H3BtcTH0CTb; ho, homhmo Buno.iHeHifl 
ynoMHHyTaro MapmpyTa, BaMfiepn cofipaj-B en^e ^paronitHHLifl pyKO- 
nHCH h o6pa3UH BOCToqHO-TypemtHXi H3biK0B , b. Bee 9to 6hjio coBep- 
meHHo hobo fljji yqeHaro Mipa. BjH3Koe eSmeme BaMSepn ci> Me- 
MeaaMH, cpeaH KOTopux-b oH'b xuajtb, ^ajio eMy 6oraTbifi sanacb 9T- 
Horpa$HqecKHX f b CBi^flifi. — «Kor^a a pncoBajr-b ce6t, Kaax Becb - 
uipiy npaaHaerb moh sacjiyrHj—roBopHTb BaM6epH, — to 3a6biBajrb mAo- 
roe. IloAyMaft a Tor.ua, qTO, BCJitACTBie HeAOCTaTO^Haro o6pa30Bania f 
a He oGpaTUJi^ BHHMaHia Ha MHoria aBjieaia, iipoHCxoA»Biiiia npe^o 
mhoh); qTO a He Mory aaTB HHKaKHXT* reojEorHqecKHX'b CBtA*Hifi 9 
CTpaHax'b, B'b KOTopux-b 6w.tb; qTO reorpa$aqecKia yKaaaHia, npHHe- 
ceHHua mhok), HeAOCTaToqHH, TaKx KaKT^ a Morb A^JiaTb saMtTKH 
TOJibKO yKpaARofi, Ha KjroqK* 6yMara, cupaTaHHofl 3a noAoaAKy xa- 
jiaTa; ccjih 6u a BenoMiiiLTL 060 BceMi> 9tomt,, to po30Biia Rpadkii, 
KOTopuxi) icoe BOo6paaceBie He maAHJO, — BHaquTejibHO noTycKRt.m 
6h». B'b IlepciH Ban6epH 6uxb m> 6esonacHOCTH, h cnyTHHBi ero 



1 



42 J I H E 0. 

Y36eiCB, conpoBoa^aBinifi nyTemecTBeHHHKa or* Xhbh, aayMHjica Me- 
TaMop$o3i, npoH30ineAfflefi B'b MOjmajiHBOM'b aepBHurfc. Owb pacirfc- 
BaeTx TenepL apia H3^ aTajibHHCKHX'b onep-b. BjianwecTHBiift YsSeK'b 
Ajmujcb, ito 9T0 CBanjeHHHe rflMHM, pacniBaeMLie MyjuaMH Ha najie- 
komt> 3anaAi h, wl cboh) o^epeflb, nuTajica nouTaraBaTb. Hoiyqajica 
e^HHCTBeHHufi B'L cBoeMt pofl* Jiyarb. $H3H^ecKH BaM6epH folJTB 
HSMyqeHi aoporofl ao Hey3HaBaeM0CTa, ho ^yxowB (fowb Coap'b. H 
bott* nyremecTBeHHHK'L npHfiujrb bt» CTOJHn;y IlepciH, 17$ eBponeft- 
CKaa KOjiOHia npaHHJia ero Heo6iiKHOBeHHO paAynmo. Bc$ aejiaJiH bh- 
ji$Tb CMijiaro mczhjipB&TeiLa, KOTopuii Tain* c^acTJiHBO nepeHecb Be- 
jiHKifl onacHOCTH. hhxti roBopnji'B bha* BaMSepn: bt> KopoTKoe 
speMH mi* «H3Hepa^ocTHaro mojioaoto ^eJOBtKa nyTeinccTBeHHHK'B 
npeBpaTHJca hohth bt> CTapHKa. TaK-b Kait'b ott> BaM6epa rqiltq ho 
6mjio HHKaKHX'b BicTefi, to B'b TerepaHi* caoacHJiHCb yace jiereHAH npo 
MyqenaqecKyio cMepTb ero. lIa.iOMHHKH npanecjiH cjiyx'b npo KasHb 
KaKoro-TO eBponefin;a bt> Byxapt (A r fcso nuio o6t» HTajibflHCKOM-b Kyn- 
1$), h Bet 6bi.iH yetacfleHbi, q T0 aT0 nocTpaA&irb cMijibifi opieffra- 
jihcti. JlereHAa A^Bajia HicKOJibKO BapiaHTOB'b po^t Ka3Ha: no oa- 
Hofi Bepcin BaMSepn noBtcajiH 3a Horn, rojOBofl bkhst* HaA^ ko- 
ctpomi>; ho Apyrofi— ero c6pociuiH ct> pacaaTa SaniHH. TpeTba Bep- 
cia onHCHBaja, KaK^ BawGepa wrBepTOBajia h OTAajrn co6aKaM*b 
KycKH rfejia. Bciarb 9THM , b pascKasaM^ Bipujia, noToay qio B'b to 
Bpeaia B'b Eyxapi sosMoacHbi 6ujiu BCflKie ysacti. BnaaMH meKH BaM- 
6epH h cxk%bi uepeHeceHHbix'b cTpaAamfi BosSyac^ajiH Bceofinjee co- 
qyBCTBie. 

nyTemecTBeHHHK'b npofibunb bt> TerepaH* Tpn Mtcaua. Owl bog- 
nojibsoBajica sthmt* BpeMeHOM'b, iT06H,,0TA0XHyTb, cocTaBHTb Ha ocho- 
BaHiH saM-feTOKii, cAtJiaHHbix'b B'b nyTH *), noApoCHHfl AOKJiaAi. h Ha- 
^epiHTb Kapiy. Hax TerepaHa BaMfiepn qepes-b TpanesoHATb B03Bpa- 
THJica bt> KoHCTaHTHHonojib, tji$ ySt^H^ca, ^to cjaBa onepeAHJia ero. 
BaMfiepa npHHflJiH 3At>cb, KaKx cntjiaro yneHaro, oKa3aBmaro Bean- 
Kia ycjiyra HayK*. Bt> Mat 1864 r. nyTemecTBeHHHK'b, naKOHen.'b, B03Bpa- 
THJica BT> pojiHyK) BeLTpiio. 3ji$cb ero »A8^o ropbKoe pasoHapoBame. B'b 
TerepaHt, KoHCTaHTHHOuoJii, a BnocjitjOiCTBiH bt» AoRROwb B'b BaM- 
6epa bu^jlr saMtqaTejibHaro opieHTajiHCTa, BbinoJiHHBmaro eAHHCT- 
BeHHbifi bt> CBoeM'b poj^t Tpy^Hbifi noABHFb. Ha po^HHi cBoeft nyTe- 
mecTBeHHHK'b npeaca© Bcero, 6ui r b «repmejib>, «aiHAOK'b» po^OMT. aa'b 
Jty^a Hep^arejiH, cwH'b HHH^aro. B'b KamAofi cTpaHi B03Bpameme cm4- 
jiaro nyTemecTBeHHHKa, OTKpuBinaro HeH3BtcTHHfi Mip*b, — Han,ioHajib- 
eu& npasAHHKb. TaKOBO 6mjio BOSBpan^eHie JlHBHHrcTOHa, CnaKa, 
TpanTa, BepTona hjih Ctdhjih b^ AHrjiiio, Hop.a.eHniHJib.fl.a — B'b IHfie- 
n,iK), Ilefiepa h BefinpexTa bi> BiHy, HaHceHa— btb XpacTiaHiio. 
IIpi , t3A , b BaMfiepn Ha po^HHy Smi'b coBepmeHHo HesaMi^eH^. Ha ao- 



*) ^jia 6e3onacHOCTH BaMdepn xbadLXb aTH aawfeTKH Ha BeHrepcKOir* 
fldiiK^ ho apadcKHMH 6yKfiaMH. 



3AHHCRH 1IAPIH. 



33 




K*a#fc B'L BeHrepcRofi aKa^eMin HayKT> noqra hhroto He 6mjio. He- 
MHorie cjiyraaTejiH oTHecjracb cb rpyfitiM'b HejjOB'kpieM'b rt> paacRasy 
Baii6epH h TaKi» RaR*B flORJiajjqHR'B fiitra «»hati», to He ciHTajocb 
HyacmjMt jjasce coSjhogth BHtmnioH) b'6hcjihbocti>. Cjit^yerb hom- 
hhtb Tanae, 'qTO BpeMa Tor^a 6hjio oqenb THJKeaoe fljia BeHrpia. 
Bee TajiaHTjiHBoe, cnjihHoe, CMtjioe h opHnmajibHoe noraSjio Ha ania- 
4ot4, tombjiocl bt» aBCTpificKHrL fiopbMax'B hjih bt> H3rHamH. yn;*- 

tfkjIH JJ0.HH CL TeMnepaMeHTOlTB H HaRJIOHHOCTflMH pa6oBT>. Hto hbtl 

•imo ao Toro, tto BaMGepn oKasajnb, uemnj npoquarb, BeHrpin cne- 
iqajbHua ycjiyra! Bt> yjiHqHHX'b BenrepcKHX'b ^ ra3eTaxT> cirfjfljiHCb 
Ha,ffL €»HAKOM r b», OTpai^ajiH $aKTb nyTemecTBia h name nojjBeprajiH 
conHtHiio 3HaHie BaM6epn TypeijRaro a3HRa. Bonpocb o icycR* xjrfc6a 
BHpHCOBajrca nepe^ nyreinecTBeHHHROMB ct> TaRHin* ace TparH3M0MV 
saRik h B^ paHHeft mojio^octh. Ohhtb npHxonHJiocb rojiojjaTb m npn- 
HflTbCfl 3a rpomeBbie ypoRH, noTOMy qTO nai^ioHajibHOCTb Mimaaa 
BamSepH saHHTb Kaeejjpy. H botb oh*b piumjrb oTnpaBHTbca bt> 
Ahtjuk), qTo6bi npoqecTb jtoRJia.a.'B wb iohaohcrom'b reorpa^HqecKOMt 
ofimecTB*. AeHerb H & ffopory He 6hjio. Baii6epH ofipaTHJiGH 3a noco- 
%iewb kb BeHrepcRoii ana^eMia HayR'B, h 8;cbcB eMy npHinjiocb hcuh- 
TaTB 6ojite ropbKoe 0CR0p6jieHie, vbwb bt» cpeflHe - asiaTCRHxi 
crenflX'B. jjijo nuio o HaqTOSKHoft cyMM* b-b 200 py6.; ho aKaAeMia 
HayR'B corjiacHJiacB OTnycTHTB 9th #eHBrH tojibko nod* 3ajiovb pyno- 
nuceu, BHBeseHHHX'b h3*b Cpe^Heft A3ia. Ct> «repmejieM'B» cqffrajiH 

H8JHmHHM r L fleJIHRaTHHqaTb. 

BejiHRo 6hjio H3yMJieHie nemTCRHXTb k>ao$o6ckj!x , b rasera, .Ror^a 
Bca Ahtjim BOCTop»eHHO npHHiuia BaarSepH; Rorjja boh npecca 3afl- 
BHJia, qTO BeHrpin Bnepsue BHflBHHyjia BHaiieHHTaro neJOFhRa, ro- 
TopuifB OHa iioacerb ropflHTbca. Bt> AHrjiin ivfcHarB chjibhhx'b h Ta- 

laHTJIHBbirb J[K)flefi, OTRyfla 6bl OHH HH HBHJIHCb. B*B OC06eHHOGTH, 

sgbcB i^*HarB ciitjiBix^ nyTemecTBeHHHROB'b, noTOMy ^to Raa^Hfi H3i. 

HHX'L OTRptlBaeTB HOBHC pHHKH VJ3L 6pHTaHCROfi npOMHOIJieHHOCTH H 

HOBtie ropH30HTU Riia aHr^ificRofi dojihthrh. HpeobiBaHie b*b AnrjiiH 
iuxo oahhitb cnjioniHHM'B TpiyM^OM'b una BaM6epH. JIoHflOHCRoe Teo- 

Fpa$HqeCROe OomeCTBO CBOHM-b BLICORHM'b aBTOpHTeTOM'b npH3Hajio 

BejHRoe Hayinoe h npaRTH^ecRoe 3Haqeme CMijiaro nyieraecTBifl. Ob 
■rhx'B nop"B cjnaBa BaMSepn ycTaHOBHJiacb npoiHo. Bt> JIohaoh* b*l 
to jnfao nyTemecTBeHHHR'b 6ujt f b «jibB0M , B ce3ona». BaM6epH 6ujvl ro- 
cieM'B RopojeBH BHRTopia, npHHn;a Y9JbCRaro h Bcero JOH,aoHCRaro 
«high life». jlm AHrjria Hacji^OBaHifl BaMSepH hm*jih ^hcto npa- 
RTHqecKoe BHaqenie, npHHHMaa bo BHHMaHie HHTepecw ea bt> CpeAHefi 
Aain h Mh^h. BipoflTHo, bt» 3HaqHTejibHofi deneHH npH3HaTejibHOCTbK> 
nyTemecTBeHHHRa oe'bHCHaen^ ero aHrjo(J)HJibCTBo, ROTopbiM-b npo- 
HHRHyTH Bcfe MHoroqHCJieHHH^ ny6jHii;HCTHqecRiH cTaTbH BaMSepn, no- 
wwn^eHHbra BOCToqHOMy Bonpocy. nyTemecTBeHHHR'b oxoTfffce . Bcero 
roinieT'b no aHrjiiicKH. Ha aTOMi* H3HR , b HanncaHa ero aBTo6idrpa$ia 
(The Story of My Struggles). BaMfiepn BOSBpaTHJica nsi* JIoH^OHa B'b 
J|eKa6pb. OTzrfe/nb II. 3 



34 , | I fl E 9. 

Hemrb o&iaxaTeieM'b MipoBoro hmchh. Tenepb hhkofo He y£KBU» 
yace, tor^a eHj npS^JiosHJiH Raeeapy BocroiHurB asukofb b*b QenH 
TeicoMi yHHBepcHTerfc, KOTopyro obtl saHHMaerb no chxi> nop*. 



YpOKH HCTOpiH. 

(HcTopH^ecKie aH&noriH h kohtpiicth). 

I. 

«Oc8o6oAHTejibHoe #BH«eHie OROHqaTejfcHO jHRBHflHpoBaHo»; «mi- 
r^i h HHRor^a He 6hjio TaRoft yacacHofi peaKuia*; «bt> caMOM* jyi- 
ineMt cayqat mm cHpBa OT6pomeHH Ha qeTBepTb sttta na3a^», — 

TaRLH CR0p6flMH MHCJIH, DpHnpaBJieHHUfl BCeB03M0JKHNMH MeJKflOMfc- 

tlhmh, bh 3aqacTyro ycjiLimuTe h3*b yen* jittflefi, KOTopwe^ eme He- 

AaBHO 6LIJIH npOHHRHyTH CaMMM'b p030BUMT> 0IITHMH3M0M'b H gaS* 

HcnoB^AUBajiH cBoero po^a HjiefiHHft iiaTpioTH3Mi> wb npHMtneHiii wb 
PocciH, nojiaraa, qTO y Hacb BejiHRaa 6opb6a Meatfly ciapHMt h ho- 
bmmt> CTpoeMt BaBepnraTCfi cKopte, nbwb rjit-jiHoo, OROHqaTejbHOi 
no6i>Aoft sbbhx7> HCTopaqecKHx^ chjtb Ha^ OTMspason^HMH. H, ojieatto, 
Kor^a bh OTopBeTecb Ha MHHyry orb KoraiiapHofi pyccKoft -aMctbi- 
TejibHocTH, nonpo6yeTe ycHJiieMt mmcm hoahatbch Ha^ KpoBaBMMi 
TyMaHaMH, sacTHJiaiomHMH conpeMeHHMfi nojiHTHqecKift ropH30ffrf, it 
Bail's He Tpy^HO 6y,nerb npHnoMHHTb, qTO Bt flpyria BpeMeHa h y 
jjpyrnx'b HapoAOBT) obijih nojioaceHia, ecjin He ToasecTBeHHun, to ana- 
jnoraqHLia cb rfcM'b, qTO atjiaeTca Tenepb BORpyrb Hacb. roBop» 
^aHajiomqHbia, a He ToacecTBeHHMa», noTOMy qTO, KaEt He 6uBaerb 

AByX*b qeJIOBtKl>, pa3BHBaK)n;HXCA B*b $H3HqeCROM'b H HpaBCTBeHHOlrt 
OTHOmeHiflXTb BUO.IHi OAHHaROBO, TaK'L EtTb H H6 6hUlO Rpynfflbttb 

qeJioBtqecRHX'b coBDBOBTb, — rocyjj.apcTB'b, Haitfft h t. n., — rotophh 6u 
npootra.iH b*b cBoeMib pa3BHTiii coBepmeHHo rfc ace caMMa <J>a3M. 0% 
apyroft ctopohh, OTpmjaTb o6njee . cxo^ctbo bt» BBOJiroijiH pa3HHX* 
cTpaH'b TaRi> ace He ro#HTCH, aaK'b He toahtch oTpHijaTb atficTBie 

H^ROTOpUXl) 05mHXT> GiOJIOrHqeCRHX'b 3aR0H0Bl» bt> npnaosceHiH rb 

^aHHoiiy, ROHRpeTHOMy Ileipy, EaBjiy hjth HBaHy. He npocTHpaa 
3Tofi auajioriH Meawy »hbmmh jmqHOCTHMH h o6mecTBeHHHMH opra- 
HHSMaMH ^ajibHie, qiM-b to cjitAyerb, He AyMaa, Hanp M yTBepamaTb, 
hto aaac^oe qejioBtqecKoe o6mecTBO HenpeMiHeo mjifirb TaKaa m% 
cTapocTb h TaRaa me cMepTb, RaRan oSptiBaerb »H3Hb jinqHOCTE, 
mm MoseMt, bo BCHROM'b cjiyqat, yTfiep«AaTb, ?to aHajtoraqHMA npa- 
qnHM npoM3BO^rL h aHajEornqHbLH cji^actbis. H nojiHTuqecKoe rkio, 



yPOKH MCTOPIH. 35 

ycntBinee AOCTHrayrb HSBicTHofl to^eu pasBHTia, He yxepeB'B & Be 
pacnaBmHCb. aojisho HcnwTHBaTB h b% 6y nyuxewb npH6jiH3HTeJibHO 
Taicifl ace BHA0H9MiHeHiH, Kama BwnajiH na aojho o6orHaBinHXi» ero 
B7. aBOiioiuH oGmecTBeHHMXt 0praHH3M0BT>. 

IlHinymeMy 9th ctpokh nprnuia bt> rojioBy mhcjh> noncKaTb B'b 
HCTopiH 3ana.ua noAxojantfix'b kt> coBpeMeHHOiiy pyccKOMy noiose- 
HiM, — nodapaTLCH AOKasaTb, qTO Hnqero HHrA* HeBHAaHHaro h He- 
ejuxaHHaro cb Hanin He npoHCXOAHTB, h ito Aaxe bo BsnaAax* 

HaiBHX'B $HJIOCO$OB , B, COttfOJIOrOB'B H HOJlHTHKOB'b H3*b BtjIOBteCKOl 

nymn wkvb b*b o6meMTE» HHqero TaKoro, qTO 6ojrhe ^jieHopa3A , tJK>HO i 
(fojrfce KpacHopiqHBO He $opMyjiHpoBajiocL 6m yace hx'b co6paTaiiH 
h3*b BpeTaHH h BaHflen 20-xt* ro^oBt npomjiaro BtKa, hs'b BpaH- 
ACH6ypra h HoMepaHm 50-xi> ro^OBt. Tojirh o t&m'b, yto pyccKoe 
ocBoCoAHTejibHoe ABHaceme— JiHKBHAHpoBaHo, BacTaBJiarorb MeHa, a***- 
cTBHTe-ibHO, npacMOTpiTBca BMidt cl qHTaTeJieM'b KT> nOJIHTHie- 
ckhm'b cofiuTiflMt, cjiaraBinHMca vh o6myro KapTHHy «pecTaBpaijiH» 
bo $paHuiH ii ottocth €KOHTp*b-peBOJHoaiH» Bt repMaHin. fl aoi- 
aeH'B, snpoqeM'b, 3apaHie oroBopHTbca, hto HMeHHo 8T0 napajurejib- 
Hoe H3yqeHie aHajoraqHbix'B ct> coBpeMeHHHM'b pyccKHM'b nojioaeHifi, 
npHBO.niMT'L MeHa Kt y6feK,neHiK) o cymecTBOBamH Tofi ochobhoS paa- 
hbuh MezK^y ^pae^efi 20-x , b roAOBTb, TepMaHiefl SO-xt* h Pocciel 
Haqaja XX B$Ka, ?to y Hacb, bte> npoxafionoJioacHOCTb AByarb Apy- 
rous anoxairb, peBO-norjia He tojibko He KOHUHiact, ho, no-HacToa- 
meuy-TO, jamb Haqajiacb. Crfuax), HaKOHenyb, h to nocjrfcflHee sairb- 
TOHie, qnro, coScTBeHHO roBopa, h (frpaHuyacKaa pecTaBpam'a, h repiiaH- 
<5Kaa KOHTpi>-peBOJiK)niiH, Torae npuBejm Bt nocjrfcAHeii'b cqerfc kt> 
HOBOMy ocBoSoAHTejibHOMy nBHmemiQ, 6ojrfee ranpoKOMy h Barker* 60- 
jrfce rjiyfioKOMy, q'fcai'b to, Kaaoe 6buio BpeMeHHo noAaBJieHO Hanopoirb 
peaiuijiOHHbix'b chjTb no JiiByio h no npaByro CTopoHy PefiHa. Ho 
OTHomefliio kt* Poccih a Mory Jinnib, KaK'b mh* KaaceTca, BMCKa3aTb 
yatpeHHOCTb, ^to TeMnx aTofl CMtHH BpeaieHHofi peattn;ioHHofi nojiocH 
hobhmt> noA'beMOMT, 6yAerb ropa3AO SHCTpte h aHeprnqHte. A Tenepb 
KepefiAeMTj HenocpeACTBeHHO kt. ycTaHoujieHiH) aHajorift Me»Ay H36paH- 

HHMH MSOK) AJIS. ypOKa «CpaBHHTeJIbHOfi aHaTOMiH» HCTOpHqeCtCHMK 
HOMeHTailH. 

IIpHCJiyniHBaacb kt> cjioBaM'b h npHrjiflAHBaacb Kt acecraM'B Ha- 

IDHX'b COBpeMOHHHX'b «Ha3aAHHK0Bl», KaK'b Ha3BaJTb 6bl HX'B noKofl- 

Hwfi CoJiOBbeB^, — Heib3fl He nopaacaTbca t4mT), KaKia myTKH uiyTHrb 
naATb naniHMti HCTHHHO-pyccKHMH BaiiapAaMH HCTopHqecKafl CyAb6a, 
Ta cTapaa n HeyMOJiHiian AnaHKe, Mofipa hjih HeMe3HAa, Ha3biBafiTe 
«e KaK'b yroAHo, qTO ynpaBJHja, coniacHO BipoBaHiro aP6bhhx , b h rpe- 
rob'b, Aasce h 6oraMH, «noBHcmnMH, — KaK'b HpoHH3HpyerB 6e3CMepT- 
hhS JlyKiam*,— Ha hhtax'b IlapKi** *). Jlepraa 3a bth hhth Ben- 



*) Luc. Jupiter confutatus: bvdyAf\ 'jjxtvTJpxfjO^aiaTco too tvou aotobv. 

3* 



36 h. e. k y A P H H Tb. 

iihxt, h Majraxi 6oroBt Haniero OjwMna, npespamaiomHXCH raaHic^ 
^6pa30Hi» bt> npocTuxt MapioHeTOKT>, HatnH HCTopRqecaia IlapKH aa- 
cTaBJUHDTb hxt> npoAlmtiBaTb rb caMUK ABHKeHta, roBopHTb rt ca- 
muh cjiOBa, RaRifl npo^HBaJiH h roBopwiH pwixapH pecTanpa- 

Bosbmbm'b, Haup., wb BbicoKoft cTeneHH CTpaHHRfi cnopT>, Bejy- 
inificA y HacB ci camaro aKTa 17-ro okthSph Measly cTopoHHHKaMK 
dropoKpaTmecKaro a6co.KH)TH3Ma h cTopoRHHKaiiH npeACTaBHTeabHaro 
npaBJieHia: ecTb y nacb «KOHCTHTyiutf», hjh fffcrb? HecomrfeHHO, nro 
bwt 9Ta JioroMaxia paajstjia nHnrauM'b URtTOMi, HCKJiroqaTejibHO 
na noqB* KOJioccajibHaro HeAopasyMtHia, coB^aHHaro caMHMH npejcTa- 
BMTejflMH Hamero qaHOBHaro caMOBjiacTia, KOToptie saHHTepecoBaHbi bt> 
•roirb, qTo6w no npeacHeiiy ynpaBjiHTb no CBoeMy npoHBBOJiy, 663% Kaaoft 

6bl TO HH 6HJIO OTBtTCTBeHHOCTH H BCHKaTC) KOHTpOJIfl, BOJIHKOfi CTpaHOft. 

CaMa nojiHTHqecEan HCTopia nepeAOBtixt HapoAOBt CBABajia cb TepMH- 
hoitb «KOHCTHTyr^ifl> coBepmeHHO onpeAtjeHHyjo accoijiaiqH) HAeft, co- 
BosynHOCTb noHaTift, xapaKTepH3yK)mnxT> rocyAapcTBeHHbifi orpofi, ocho- 
BaHHHft Ha floroBopt rpaa^aHT> c^ BjacTbio, na rapaHTin jih^hhx^ h 
noaHTH'iecKHXi. npaBT>. Ha cbo6oa*. Ha aaKOHt, Ha OTcyrcTBin npoHB- 
BOJia. Btoto, kohoiho, Hama neorpaHnqeHHaa CwpoKparia aonycTHTb He 
Moraa h noTOMy, $opiiyjiHpyH vb aKTaxT> 20-ro <J>eBpajra 1906 roja 
Kara 6yATO naqaaa coBepmeHHO HOBaro npaBOBaro nop^AKa («3asoH l B 
He MO»en> BoenpiaTb cbjlu 663% OAo6peHfa CoBfrra h JIjuh> *), 0Ha 
uocTapajiacb bt» APyrax-b MtcTax-B rfcxtae aKTOB* npeACTaBHTb <vra- 
pirt CTpofi eme cymecTByromHMfc h, Majio Toro, Aa»e peryjmpyiomHirb 
HOBHft nopHAOK^ Bemefl («rocyAapcTB6HHaH AyMa yqpe»AaeTca &m& 
•ScyacAema aaROHOAaTejbHMX'b npejinojiosceHifi, BoexoAHmnx-b m> 
BepxoBHofi caMOAep»aBHO* BiacTH no ohji* ocHOBHHrb saito- 

B0B1>» **). 

9to co^HHeHHoe 6ropoKpaTiefi, qui pro quo, h HBHjrocb 
eTnpaBHHM'B nyHRTOMi. 6e3KOHeqHoit cJOBecnofi h neqaTHoB npn, 
wb peayjibTarh KOTopofi BTHBiojiorHqecKaji ABycMticieHHOCTB bh- 
pocjia bt> BeMKifi TpaniqecKifi Bonpoc^: ^to »e, HattOHeij'B, y nacb, 
napcTBO 3ait0Ha, hjh npoHBBOJCB qHflOBHHKOBT.? A 6«r)poKpaTia h ho- 
CopHHKH ixycHMCKaro h noprb-apTypcKaro pe»HMa norapaiorb TOjibKo 
pyKH. Tara, B-b Haqajit cnopa «caMo^epa:aBie» 6bno p$a hhxt., no 
mTb «e cjioBaMi, mmu noqeTHHM'b, qHCTo-HCTopuqecEHiit THTyjioirb 
BepxoBHofi BJiacTH, He HMtiomHMT) HHRasoro peajibHaro sHa^emfi. 
T. MeHbuiHKOB-b, Hanp., MeHte ro^a TOMy HasaA'B npHMO pacnnHajrc* 
wb stomti CMbrcjit, yBtpjia Kctxii h Ka«Aaro. qTO hh oahitb a»- 
SpocoBtcTHLifi qejoBift'b He Moacerb ynpeKaTb ctopohhhkob'b «caM«- 



*) Cm. c6opHHKT>: 3aK0H0AaTejibHHe aKTH nepexoflHar© 
iptMeHH (1904—1906 r.r.Y, Cn6., 1906, cTp. 356. 
**) Ibid, CTp. 376. 



yroKU hctopih. B7 

Aep»aBHoi» BiacTH, 6yAT0 ohm paayirtrorb hoat> dmwb aaare- 
TOin> BjacTb «HeorpaHHqeHHyio»; ho ito ohh — He xyjiaraHH h no- 
Tony cb noqieHieM^ othocatca ktb dToiiy oeaBpeAHOMy HCTopaqecKOMy 
THTyiy h npn&braiorb kt> Heiiy toiho Ta^b se, sam* KyibTypautt 
lejOBiat lipHftbraerb kt> ^opMyjiairb b&xjihbocth: <MuJiocTHBuft ro- 
cyxapb», «Baun> noKopHtifi cjyra», h t. a-, OTH»Ab He noHHMaa hxt> 
b% 6yKBain>HOMTb cMucjrb. Mu aHaeinb, bo ito Bupocb Teaepb bt»toi- 
KOBaHin ToroiKe r. MeHbine&OBa aTorb 6e3BpeAHitft THTyjrb h kaitia 
npasTHqecKia, Kpaflae cepbesHbia, «KyAeTaTHcraa» sauio'ieHUi'&UK 

BblBBAOHbl BBT> H6r0 HaiHHM'b peaKD,iOHHHMT> HpaBHTeJIbCTBOlTb H CTE 

TpM,maTi>K) TucflnaMH npHBaierHpoBaHHiurb «HocHTejiefi syju>Typu»... 

H, oAHaso, hobu JiH 8TH hohutkh jk>ag& cTaparo pesHMa yraim- 
j€hho CTaBHTb cHaiaaa iHCTO-<|K)pMajibHHH 3anaAHH HOBOMy, eoie 
TOibKO ^opMBpyromeMyca cTpoio, qTo6u 3arbin> H8i> OTSHBmaro 

«G10Ba» BHBOAHTb H OTSHBmee «A^JiO» H BO HMH npHSpa&OB'b npOffl- 

jiaro AyniHTb h TepsaTb mojioayk), Morynyio acnsHb? IlepeHeceMca bo 
4>pamtfio BpeMeHi, pecTaBpauiu. IIpoHHKHeMi> Birbcrb ct> Kpafiae 
yiiipeHHUM'b HCTopHKOMt, 6apoHOMT> JyH Ae-CajibBiaKt-Bbejb-KacTe- 
jein,, cjyasHBuiHM'b bt> AHnjioMaTiH Byp6oHaMi> h OpieaHam>, npo- 

HBKH6M1,, rOBOpM) H, BT> KOMMHCCilO, HBrOTOBJIflBHiyK) XaprilD, Ha OCHO- 

BaHiH KOTopofi rpa$i> HpoBaHCRifi AOjnffefli> Sua* saHHTb Tpoffb 
4»paBD,iM iiOATb HMeneirb JIwAOBHKa XYIII. Mh 3HaeMi>, qro npii- 

3BaHHLlfe 60HauapTHCTCKHM'b C6HaiOMl>, IlOA'b A^BJI^HieM'b oSCTOfl- 
TeibCTBl H COK)3HHKOB'b, U,apCTBOBaTb BT> yCTaBIfleft OTb 6e3K0H6H- 

Hux'b boB^t* h HMnepaTopcKaro A^cnoTHSMa CTpafli, oparb Ka3HeHHtur0 
JI»A0BHKa XVI ycnijrb nyTeM-b orrarHBaHia h paBHHXT, xHTpocTefi 
oTnaaaTbCA orb upuHBTin KOHCTHTynjH, Bwpa6oTaHHofi ceHaToirb, a 
oAOopaa wb o6m,HXi» lepTaxi ea upoeirrb, o&baBHjrb o CBoein* HaMt- 
peflia oKTpoHpoBaTb cTpaHt xapTiio. HaAb cocTaBJieHieM'b 3Tofi xap- 
Tin b paooTaaa KOMMiecia, cocTOHBmaa h3t> rpex-b yriojiHOMOHeHHhm> 
&opojia h Bin. se HaBHaqeHHbirb m> Hee a^bath ceHaxopoB r i> h a©- 
KgTH A^nyTaTOB'b. Ilocjit Ae6a70B*b, bi> Teqeme uoTopbix'b ohjih bu- 
pa6oiaHbi pa3j[H^Hbie nyHKTbi ocHOBHoro rocyAapcTBeHHaro a&Ta, 
iOMMMCcia CTajia nepeA^ Bonpocoifb, KOTopufi OHa He Mona pfeinHTb 
cBoefi HBHiyaTHBofi, a a,0J3CHa ObiJia npeAOCTaBHTb KopojiD: to 61*1% 
Bonpocb o tom'b, KaKii ae HasBaTb cocTaB^eHHyio xapiiio. 3Haa, mt# 

KOpOAb yCMJIPHHO iipOTHBHTCJl BC61iy 9 <1T0 MOOO 6u HM^Tb XapaKTOpl 

AoroBopa MexAy BJiacTbio h HapoAOMi*, kommhccui yse h ao Toro 
HB6trajia noA?QP&HBaTb bi> cBoeii pa6oH nyHKTbi, KOTopue 6u hosbo- 

JlflAH AyMaTb, HTO JlfrJLO BAerb HaCTOflmefi KOHCTHTyijiH. HlH, KaiPb 

BupaasaeTGH ii,HTHpoBaHHbifl HaMu o6cTOfiTeJibHijfi h OTHH)Ab He Bpaas- 
AeoHHtt KopojieBCKofi BaacTB HCTopHK r b, roBopfl oo^ HaroTOBMBHieftca 
x^Ptib: 

«To He 6ujia coocTBeeHo KOHCTHTyu.iji, m> tomi CMbicjrb, sasoft 
3a MOCJitAHiH ABa^aTb HHTb atrb coeAHHHJica ct> btbm'l cjobomt> m» 
4>paHu,iM. ABtopw ea, hcxoab n&b xoro npHHi^una, wo KopoaescKaa 



38 H. E. K y A 1' H H T>. 

Macro (royaut6) npeflmecTBOBaia BciBTB flpyrnirB yqpeJKAemaM'B, qTO 
oHa rocnoACTBOBajia Hafl'B hhmh, h ito bco npoHCTe&ajio us'b nea, He 
goijih aase HyacHLiMT> ynoMHHarb o6-b 8tojtb ochobhom-b $aRrfc. Ohh 
Co&ihcb BHeceflieMT> ocHOBBUXt npara MOHapxin bt> xapriio cfltaaTB 

BHAT>, 1TO BUBOAflTb HXT> H8T> 8TOIX) OCHOBHOrO SaKOHa H nOAIHHHTB 

hxt> TasHifB o6pa30M , L cymecTBOBaHiio xapTin. IIoaTOMy ohh orpaHH- 
* *hjihcb rbicB, ito npodo nepeiHCJiHJiff rfc HBirfcHeHia, kotophh bom 
Kopojfl BHOCHJia Ha Syaymee BpeMa bt> nojiBSOBame bthmh cbohmh 
npaBaMH» *). 

TmaTejLHo BBrrpaBHB-B hs* xapTin Bee, hto momo 6h HasecTH hoj- 

AaHHNX'B ROpOM Ha MBICJIB TOM*B, HTO OHH BMicA CT> T&Wb H TpaHCflaHe, 

gbo6oaho AoroBapHBaiomiecfl ct> BepxoBHofi BJiacTBH), komhccLs, kmi> 
mbi yse cKaaajiH, ynepjiacb si 3aTpyAHHTeiiBHyK) sa^aqy, KaKoeae 
HMfl a&tb BTOMy 6iopoKpaTHqecKOMy ^tramy. BonpocB btottb oScyjKAaaca 
ota*j«>ho KOMHccieft, h noBepraaca Ha fijiaroycMOTpime MOHapxa, bh- 
3BaBT> KpafiHe jno6onHTHBifi o6m^h , b MHCJiefi, no3B(MflBniifi HHTaTL Ha ca- 
llous ah% qHHOBHHMtefi Aynra, HCRpeHHO hjih JHUjeirbpHO npeAaHHofi era- 
poiiy pesHMy. Mhhhctp'b locTHijiH, hjih, Rain* yroAHo 6lijio BBipasaTBCtf 
Ha dapufi laA'B ji^ahmi pecTaBpai^H, «BejiHRifl naHipep%» ^aMdpa see 
eme BOo6pasajrB, hto ohx acHBert bt> AO-peBOJiK)itfoHHBLa BpeMeHa a 
noTOMy, cb yacacoMt oTBepraa bchkoo HasBame, ROTopoe Morjio 6u 
BH3BaTB npeACTaBJieHie o ROHCTHTyijiH, HacTaHBajrB Ha Heo6xoAHM0CTH 
oKpecTHTB TaKofi RpynHHfi aKT*B He3HaqHTejn>HBiM'B h npHTOM'B Hano- 
jiOBHHy apxaHiecKHM'B HMeHeifB ^YKas-b pe$opMHpoBaniH» (Ordi- 
nance de reformation), npH newb npeAJiarajfB ero nojpeprHyxB peni- 
crpaitfH BHcmnxT. cyAeSHHX'B h aAMHHHCTpaTHBHHX'B opraHta*. Ta- 
rhitb oSpasoin* xapTia nojyiaja xapaKTep'B npocToro RopoaeBcsaro 
yaasa, ROToptifi Mora 6htb npecnoRofiHO OTMtHeHt no Bojrij HSflaB- 
niaro se ero MOHapxa. 

O^HaKO, TOHKa sptoifl no^TOHHaro EaHipepa noRaaajiacb b*b to 
speMfl qepesqyp'B oTRpoBeHHofi ^ase ero co6paTaBTB. H t&eppaffB, 
HasHa^eHHbifi «AHpeKTopoM , B no^rB*, npeAJOHHji'B Ha3BaTB pa6oTy 

KOHHCCiH «KOHCTHTyn;iOHHHM'B aETOM*B» H paSOCJiaTB ero HO KaHTOBaJlB" 
HHM'B C06paHiHM r B *). 

Ho rpa$*B BeHBo, 6uBmifi mhhhctp'b BHyTpeHHHX'B Kkjrb, ropaqo 
BOBdaji^ npoTHB'b TaKoro npejioaceBla, HaxoAfl, ?to oho MoacerB 6vm> 



*) Louis de Viel-Castel, Histoire dela Restauration; IlapHJicb, 
1860, t. I, CTp. 416. 

**) Tarn* HaawBajiHCb, corjiacHO ynpeanaBmeMy hxi> «opraHHiecKoiiy> 
ceHaTycT>-KOHcyjibTy 16-ro TepMH^opa roaa X (4 ro aBrycTa 1802 r.), co6paaia 
rpa3K^aHT», acHBymnxt bt> KaHTOHt h HaM'b^awmHX'B mhpobuxt* cy^et, paaeo 
icarb H36Hpaioiu,HX'i> HJieHOBib bt> oKpyacHyro Bbi6opHyio Kojuierii). Cm. Lean 
Dugnit et Henry Monnier, Les constitutions et les principalis 
lois politiques de la Prance: naproci, 1898, CTp. 132. 



yPOKH HCTOPIH. 39 

■croiEOBaHO Bee ace Kara po** ntaoero aoroBopa iieamy Hauiefi h 
lopoaeirb, h, KOHerao, 6yaerb oTBeprHyTO MOHapxoirB, ropaio ctohb- 
mm sa «6oariio iiHJOCTb*. Bt> rohh;* KOHn,OBTb, nocjrfe. noxTEKb npe- 
Hil pimeHO 6hjo Jian* aKTy Ha3Bame «KOHCTHTyn;ioHHOfi xapTin», 
ipH qeifb aBTopu npHftaBaiiH oco6yro BascHOCTb cymecTBHTejbHoiiy 
«xapTifl» h ckojh>8hjlh no upHJiaraiejibHOMy «EOHGTHTyipoHHufi»: rjiaB- 
Hoe, mojtb, xbno m> tomt>, hto Kopojib, h hhrto apyroft flaen* Haqaio 
hobomj rocy^apcTBeHHOMy ycTpoflcTBy, a cb rfcirb, hto oho BbuxoMrB 

Ha CXOBaXB KOHCTHTyitfOHHHM'b, nOtfHpHTBCH eme MOSHO. 

3totb BarjiaAt Bcei^tJio TopaecTBOsaiTB Ha otrpniIh naaarb (neny- 

TaTOBT, H n9pOBT>), KOT0p06 HMftjIO BltCTO 4-rO ifOHH 1814 r. Ilocjrfc 

AObojbho JOBKoft ptqn KopoM, cTapaBraaroca npofiTH mhmo onacHurB 
BonpocoBt, BbJABHHyTLixT> 6ypHOii HCTopiefi 4>paHiuH h Ebpohh 3a 
HOciiAHiOK) qeTBepn» Btaa h He BOBfiyamarb jihhihhx'b nojiHTHiecKHX'L 
cTpadefi, cTapuft pexcHirb ropAO noAHBji'B cboio roaoBy vb jhh$ RaH- 
jiepa ^aMCpa, aioro aofipoayniHaro, ho sacRopysjiaro bb npeAamarb 
•cagHHM HopMaH^cKaro «sy6pa». Ohb, HHTroace cyMHflca, npoH3Heci. 
p4*b, yHHqTomaBinyro BneiaTjrfiHie orb He6e3*BHCRycH0fi $paseojioriH 
Jh»AOBHKa XVIII-ro h otrpobohho xapasTepHSOBaBmyK) hobuS nopa- 
lovh Bemefl, Kara npaMoe npoAOjraeHie npeacHaro peacHMa. ,J,o6jiecT- 
Bil HopMaHflen^ He mofb yaepacaTbca, hto6h He bh6pochtb nepe^B 
isSpaHHoi ayflHTopiefi h cjiob'b «yEa3T> o pe$opMHpoBaHin». ocraBaB- 
muxca y Hero Ha aynrfc. 

«^[to 3a BejiflKOJi-hnHoe h TporaTejibHoe 3pijiHme, — roBopHJUb oh-l-— 
apfciHHie KopoJia, KOTopufi ajih Toro, ^to6h o6e3ne<iHTb ce64 Harae ray6o- 
maimee noiTeme, He Hyamaeica hh st* qeifb hhomte>, RpoM* cbohxt> Bejm- 
un Ao6poAtTejiei, KOTopHfi pasBepTUBaerB HMaosaHTHufl annaparb 
sopojieBCRoi BjcacTH, ito6bi npHHecTH cBoeMy Hapoay, HcromeHHOMy qe*r- 
lepTbH) Bt&a HecqacTifi, ctojb acejaHHHfi h 6jiaroA r bTejibHbig Aapi» 
yxu3a o petfopMupoeauiu, rohitb oh** yramaerb Bch napiiH, paBHO 
Kara HOATBepac^aerB Bcfc npaBa. Dponuo MHoro jrfcrB cb rbx'B nopi>, 
xavB IIpoBHAtme npH3Bajio HameroMOHapxaHaTpoHBnpapoAHTejieft... 
Ho, npH ero BOcraecTBiH na npecTOJCb, *paHj^ia, cfiHTaa cb hcthh- 
Haro nyTH jioshumh yqemaMH, pasAHpaeicaji ^yxoifb HHTpnrH, ocjtn- 
leHHaa nycraMH npHspaKaHH CBo6oAbi, CA^Jiajacb ji,o6biqefi Bctx^b 
lUTeacHuxi* napTift h TeaTpoMi BceBOSMOKHbix'B HencTOBCTBi> h co- 
jqporaHifi aHapxin. OHa HCDpo6oBa^a nocjitAOBaiejbHO bchrui $opMH 
ipaBJieHla, nosa HaKOHeai> 6peMH x 0TJirqaBfflHxq> ee 6^cTBifi He npn- 
bcjo ee vn> OTeqecKofi siacTH, ROTopan b*b Teqenie n^jiuxt qeiup- 
HSMmaTH BtKOBt cocTaBJiflja ea cjaBy h en cqacTie. HwxaHie Bora 
•apoKHHyjo MorymecTBeHHaro KOJiocca chjiw, ,n,aBHBinaro ,bck> Eb- 
peny... *paHnla, naROHei^B, GHOBa Hanuia Hesu6jieMEiH ochobbi 
erapHHHOfi MOHapxiH. Ha axofi CBameHHofi ochob^ Ha^JieacHrb bo3- 
^■rflyrb HUHt npoqHoe s^aHie... Ero RpaeyrojDbHbiirB RaHHeMT> j{i 
jaeTCfl Kopojib... Oojia^aa hojihumh HacatACTBeHHbiMH npasaMH Ha 
8V0 npeKpacHoe ropojiobctbo, ohb sejia^rb nojrbaoBaTbCH BjracTbio, 



1 



40 H. E. K y A P H H Tb. 

nojyieHHoro hmt> otb Bora h otb cbohx'b npeAROB-B, nocTawaa cam 
xe rpaHffi^u CBoeMy MorymecTBy... Oht> catrs xoqerb AaTB $paHBty- 
saiTB xaprii), cooTB&TCTByionjyK) hx-b acejamaM-L h hxt» noTpefim- 

CTHITB* *). 

Ecjh qHTaTejiB HefloyMiBaerB, RaRHMB o6paaoMii ,9,aM6p8 Mors ri- 
BopHTb o «MHorHXT> roAaxB*, soTopue nporajH co BpeiieHB Bocme- 
cTBia JI»AOBEsa XVIII-ro Ha «TpoffB npapoAHTeieft», Meawt I**** 
icamb offt tojibro ito canwca Ha btotb TpoffB hoa*b oxpanoio pyc- 
crhx*b, aHrjiificKHX'L, H*Men,KHXT> nrrusoBi, to nycTb HeAoyMtBattmifi 
iHTaiexb He 3a6yAerB, ?to JierHTHMHCTH bo Bee npoAOjraeme pecny6- 
jihkh h HMirepiH rfeniHJiH ce6a pe6*<iecROfi $HRipefl, 6jrto rpa$T> Ilpo- 
BaHCRiM cA^JiajicH Kopojieirb $paHitfH ct> caiiofl CMepTH xaiojrbTHjii* 
jlDAOBHKa XVII-ro h ne nepecTaBajra* npaBHTB vb rk^b nop* «npe- 
KpacHuirb KopojeBCTBOM'B* kt> ra mine My 6aary cbohx'b BiipHOHOAAaH- 
hhxb. 3ra <|>hrijui Hamia ceC*, MexAy npoHHin,, 6iHcraTejEBHoe bm- 
paaceme wl «McTopiH $paHqw» CTaBmaro 8HaneHHTBiirB no axovy 
noBOAy iedyHTa. o. JKaHa-HHROjiaa lopHRB, KOTopuft wh nepBOjp— 
TmaiejibHO HCTpe6jieHH0fin> BiiocatACTBiH ero »e ApysBHMH,— H8AaHiH 
KHHrn npocTo na npocTO BiraepRHBaffB h3t> hctopih cBoeft cTpanu bc» 
anoxy nepBofi hm nepia h x chhcxuahtojibho roBopHJTB o fffcRoeiffB «Map- 
uHst Ae-BoHanaprb», sasoBoS bt> gaiecTBt raaBHORQMaHAywmai* 
BoficKaMH JlBOj^OBHKa XVIII -ro BomeJiB b*b 1809 r. b*b Biray... 

Ho B03BpaTHMca otb KypBesoBi k% cepBe3HHM , B cropoHaM'B pe- 
cTaBpaipH... KaKB hh peOaiecKH Hejrfena 6Bua Toqaa spuria f Haii6p9 
§Toro cB^TCKaro JIopHaa, cTapaBmaroca «8aroBopHTB» cbohmh apxa*- 
qecttflMH p-feqaMH AtficTBHTeJibHbia co6um nocji'bAHHX'B ABaimaTH HATH 
j*rB, ho oHa 6wjia cHosa cb 6ojH>mHiiH liOApo6HOCTflMH pasBHTa bo 
«BB6AeHiH» rt> xapm, KOTopoe6tuio npoqHTaHo Bee Ha tomt> ace ot- 
spuTiH najiart. Bb 3tomi> HCTopHiecROifB <B3rjiflfl4 h H*qTo», 6p#- 
caBnreMCA Ha noiHTHqecKyio sbojhoi^o ^paHuia «jno6HTeJEH]fH rocy- 
Aapcrsa» JierHTHMHCTCKaro noniH6a, A*Jajiacb ropas^o 6ojrbe cirhjiaa, 
q-feMt y^aqHaa non&iTKa cBHsaTB hhtbd HenpepuBHOCTH nponuoe w$- 

POJIOBCKOM CpeAHeBtKOBOfr BJiaCTH H HaCTOflmee KOHCTHTynJOHHOft »- 
HapxiH H OTULCEaTB B'b AaJTCBOlTB 6UJLOWb Iipei^e^eHTbl COBpeMBHHaM 

cxpoa, coBAaHHue ako6u BOJieio onnTB-TasH MOHapxa. H Bee bto «% 
i^-fejibio noKa3aTB HesHa^HiejiBHOCTb rocyAapcTBeHHaro nepesopoTa i 
0T&a3aTBCfl orb npeTHBmaro JierHTHMHCTain> OTKpOB6HHaro upHSHaBrifl 
Toro (f>aKTa, qro Bee se bo ^paHi^LH othuh^ A*3cTByerb KOHCTHTyni*. 
Bofb rjiaBHtfimie nyHKTM aioro BBeftema, Ras^ oho aaHeceHO Vb 

COOpHHKH KOHCXHTyiUfi^ H0JIB3yH)nUeCH aBTOpHTeTOM'B 0$HI^aJIBHHrfc 

AORyMeHTOB'B: 

^IIpoBHA'bHie BoHcie, npesBaBi, HacB bt> name rocyXapcTBo uocji 
npoAOJiSHTeiiBHaro OTcyTCTB'ui, bosjioachjio Ha HacB n bojihrui ofiasafi- 

HOCTH... GOBpeMOHHOe COCTOHHie ROpOJEOBCTBa Tpe60BaJO KOHCTHTyi^iOB- 



*) Viel-Castel, 1. c, t. I, cTp. 450—462, passim. 



yPORH HCTOPIH. 41 

boM xapiin; mh ee oCtmajH, h Tenepb o6HapoayeM , b. Mh paacyjpuiH, 
vro xoTfl BjacTB npeSuBaja bo *paHn,i'u ujhiEmwb bt» ocoCi ko- 
poifl, HamH npeAmecTBeHHHSH He KOJie6ajrHCb mu^Rarb noabsoBame 
e», coo6pasHo c% padJiH^ieifB Bpeiieffb; ?to TaRHM^ o6pa30Mi» kom- 

MJHLI 06fl3aH£I 6UJH CBOH1TB OCB06o»HeHieM l b JIlOflOBHRy TOJCTOHy, 

nojrrBepacjieHieMTb h pacmapeHieM'b cbohxt, npaBT> JtoflOBHRy Gbatomj 
s #MHnny IlpeKpacHOMy; qTo cyae6HHfi nopaAOffb 6hjtb ycTaHOBjreno 
h pa3BHrb saKOHaMH JIiOAOBHKa XI, TeHpuxa II h Kapja IX; ito, 
HaKOHen^b, JIioAOBHRt XVI yperyjmpoBajra, noqra bc* qacra rocyaap- 
CTBeHHaro ynpaBaema pa3JiHqHHMH yRasaMH, MynpocTb rohx*b jjo chxx 
nopT> eme hh4to He npeBsomjio. 

«IIo npHHtpy sopojieft Hanrax«B npeflniecTBeHHHROB'B, mh aojhkhh 
6hjm o6paTHTb BHHMaHie Ha pesyjraraTM hoctohhho pocTymHXT> ycirb- 
xob'l npocBtmeHia; hobhh OTHomeHia, BHeceHHHH bthmh ycntxam 
wb o6mecTBO, HanpaBjieme, npnflaHHoe hmh fl nocjrfcflHie noJiBtsa 
yMam, h cepbesHsui H8MiHeHifl, KasoBbia H3T> oHaro npoHcreRm: mm 

HpH3HaJIH, 4T0 CTpeMJieHie HamHX'B nOflflaHHHX'L R'B ROHCTHTyitfOHHOi 

xapTin ecn, Biipaxeme .ffbfteTBHTejibHOfi noTpefiHOcm.. Mm aojixhm 
6imh BcnoMHHTb Tamse, qTo uepBUM'b HaniHifb Ao.iroMi> no OTHomem* 
Kb HauieMy Hapoay HBjmeTCH, fit ero coScTBeHHHX'b HHTepecaxi, co- 
xpaHHTb npasa h npeporaTHBH Hamefi ropohh. Mh Ha^tajHCb, hto, 
HayneHHiiil pnHTOMt, ohi yfiiflHTca, qTo TOJibKO o,a;Ha BepxoBHai 
Biacib Moacerb npn^aTb ocHOBHBaeMHM"b ero yqpea.neHiflM'b cajiy, no- 
gtohhctbo h seaHqie, KOTopbWH oHa caMa oGaanaerb... ho qTo Rorja- 
HacHjiie BHpbiBaerb ycTynma y cjia6ocTH -npaBHTeabCTBa, to o6me- 
eTBeHHas CBofioaa Haxo/jHTca bt> HeMeHbmeft onacHOCTH, q^ira h ca- 
Mbifi tpohx. Mbi, HaKOHen.'b, HCRajiH ocHOBTb ROHCTHTyitfoHHofi xapxi* 

BO $paHnj3CK0M'b XapaKTept H ST) IIOqTeHHHX'b HaMflTHHRaX'b MHHyB- 

niHX'b B'feKOB'b. T&wh mh npHSHajiu wb Boso6HOBJieHiH napiH hcthhh§ 
Hai^ioHajibHoe yqpeafteme, ROTopoe aojikho CBBsaTb bt> o^ho Bci boc- 

aOMHHaHIff H BCt Hafl6»flH, COeJUIHtffl BpOMeHa npODLSHfl H BpeMM 

aacToamee. 

«Mh 3aM%HHjiH najaxoK) #enyTaTOB'b rfe cTapHHHHH MapTOBCRia m 
MaficRui codpaHia (les assemblies des Champs de Mars et de Mai) 
b rfc najiaTH TpeTbjaro cocjiOBia, KOTopua Taicb qacro j^bbar aor&- 
BaTejibCTBa h pBemn R'b HHTepecaM'B Hapo^a, h BM'fecrfe cb rbn 
BipHOCTH h yBaaceHifl icopojeBCKpfi BjiacTH. CxpeMflCb, TaRHM*b o6pa- 
%owb, CHOBa cBHsaTb n,tiu> BpeMemb, KOTopyro pasopBajm rnOejibHiu 

OTSIOHeHiH B*B CTOpOHy... MH, £06pOBOJ[bHO H CBOfiO^HO, HOJIbSyHCfc 

samefi aopojieBCRofi BjacTbK), a^jih h Aaenx, ycTynaeMi h ortpos- 
pyeM-b HamHirb no^AaHHHM'b, 3a ce6n h sa cbohxb npeeMBHROBib, na- 
jeer^a HHaecjrfcflyiomyK) ROHCTHTyi^oHHyH) xapTiio* *). 

Ha^o 6hjk> no-HCTHHi npHHa^jieacaTb R'b RaTeropiH HHieMy as 
say^HBrnHXCfl h HH^ero He 3a6biBmHrb jierHTHMHGTOB r b,^To6H b^ 9toir» 



*) Dugnit et Monnier, 1. c. CTp. 183—184, passim. 



42 H. E. k y jl P H H I. 

JAHBHT6JU»H0M , B «BBe^eHlH» (BCTaTH CKaSaTB, HanHCaHHOMT> B«B o#Hy 

■oqb rpa$OMi> BeHBO, KOTopufi 6ujh> «6o3k.hm , b nepoirB» pecraBpaijiH 
vh poA* Hainero r. KpwscaHOBCKaro) HaHH3aTB Ha oflHy, — yBH, nepe- 
pBaHHyio rpoaofl peBOJHonJH! — «i$nB» h co6paHia nepBo6uTHBix , B 
ropABix-B (^paHKOB-B, KOTopHe otb4thjih 6bi rpy6HMT> cm4xom'b na npn- 
TflsaHifl «RopojieBGKofi BJiacTH»; h «naji^Tu TpeTBaro cocjiobIh*, kg- 
Topoe btb nojioBHHt XlV-ro cTOjrima 6mjio na Hoaax-B cb kopojumh, 
wb Ha^ajit XVIII cTOjrfrria HanoMHHajio JIioAOBHKy XIV bt» HHCBMarB 
ra repijory Ae-JIapom<i>yKO, hto bo $paHitfH ecTB eme cMfruie jiidah 
n poA'fc PaBajiBAKa, a b*b kohi$ nocmiaao Kopojm na ama^ora; 

1 ^yflOBHmHyK) affMHHHCTpaB(iK) TOJIBKO HTO ynOMHHyTaTO JlfoflO- 

BHKa XIV, yoaau KOTOparo, A*ficTBHTejiBHO, He 6hjih HaqiMi «npeB- 
3oflaeHH>, ho jihhib b*b CMiicjrfc 6e3yMia j;eonoTH3Ma. A Mea^y Tiii-B, 
tee 8to cb npeBejiHKofi noMnofi B03B*majiocB am toto, ito6h 3aTy- 

BieBaTB Ji'hfiCTBHTeJIIBHBlS, B6JIHKifi pa3pHB*B Me»,Hy AOpeBOJIJOIjiOHHOft 

^paHnieft h ^paHniieS, no KOTopofi HponjejrB orHeHHHfi njiyrB peso- 
jnoniH, h npn^aTB KopojieBCKOfi BJiacTH xapairrep'B HenpepuBHaro h 
cepBesHaro nojiHTHHecKaro npHHuana, jihhib oScTaBJiaiomaro ce6a ho- 
bbimh anceccyapaMH, ho ho cymecTBy ocraromaroca HeHSMtHflHiflb 
•ojhi^m'b Bcefi, Tarorfciomefi BOKpyrB Hero, coBpeMCHHoft roey^ap- 

OTBeHHOfi CHCTeMH. 

IIpHCJiyraafiTecB ace TenepB wh TOMy, ito tobophtb bt> napia- 
MeHrfe qyTB He cto JiirB cnycTH, Ha ApyroM-B kohi$ Ebpohh, npe#- 
rraBHTejiB 6iopoKpaTHqecKaro npasHTejiBCTBa, GTapaiomarocfl #0Ka3aTfc, 
tto no cymecTBy y HacB co BpeMeHH 17-ro OKTflSpa HHqero ocofiaro 
me cjiy^HJiocB h ^to npoAOJUKarcmifi no npeacHeMy cymecTBOBaTB cra- 

pilfi CTpOfi BHeCB TOJIBKO HSB-fcCTHBia BHA0H3MtHeHifl, HO OCTaJICfl BT> 
CB06BTB OCHOBHOM'B npHHISHni rkwb, vkwb H 6h.TB: 

«Bci rfe pe$opMH, Bee to, tto tojibko qTO npaBHTejiBCTBo ape*- 
joxhjio BameHy BHHMaHiio, bIjab sto He coqaHeHO, mli Mqero HacMBHo, 
MexaHHqecKH He xothitb bh^phtb b-b HapoAHoe co3Hame, — Bee 3to 
iiyfioKO HauioHajiBHO. KaK'B b'b Poccin pp IleTpa BejiHKaro, TaK*B h 
wl nocjii-neTpoBCKofi PocciH, MtcTHHH chjbi Bcer^a hocjih cjiyaceSHiia 
rocyaapcTBeHHBifl hobkhhocth... Hainn pe$opMH, ^to6bi 6htb »H3HeH- 
■um h, aojkshu qepnaTB cboh) CHJiy bt> sthx^ pyccRHX'B HaiuoHajiBHtiXB 
iaqajiaxi>. KaKOBH owk? Bi> pa3BHTiH 3eMmHHM, bt> pasBHTia, ko- 
leTOO, caMoynpaBjreHia, nepeAa^t eBiy qacTH rocy.napcTBeHHHX'B 06a- 
»aHHOCTeft, rocyAapcTBeHHaro Tarjia h bt> co3AaHiH Ha nnsax'B spta- 
Msxrb jiiOAefi seMjiH, Koiopue 6hjlh 6m cBHsaHBi cb rocyAapoTBeHHOio 
uacTBK). Botb HanrB HAeajix MicTHaro caiioynpaBjieHifl, TaK-B ae, 
caK^ Ham'B HAeajra HaBepxy— aio pasBHTie AaposaHHaro rocyaapeifB 
rrpaHt saKOHOAaTejiBHaro, HOBaro npeACTaBHTeJiBHaro crpos, KOTopiit 
j^oiaceH'L npHAaTB HOByio cajiy h hobhS fijiecKTb i^apcKofi BepxoBHott 
BiacTH (annAoducMenmu enpaea u st> t^eumprb)... CawoAepacaBie mo- 
•kobckhx'b n,apefi He noxoAHT*B Ha caMOAepjsaBie IleTpa, He hoxoabtb 
■a caMOAep«aBie EKaTepHHH II h ItapH-OcBoeoAHTejiH. B^a^ pyccKoe 



yPOKH HCTOPIH. 43 

fooj^apcTBO pacjo, pasBHBaiocb H3i> cbohx-l co6cTBeHHuxi> pyccKHx* 
KopHefl h, BMicrfc ci> hhmh, KOHeiHO, BHflOHSMiEajacb h BepxoBHaa 
HapcKaa BJiacTb. Hejibas k% HamHifb pyccKHirb Bopum, kt> Hameny 
Pjcckomj cTBOjy npMKptnjiaTbKaKofl-TO qysecTpaHHiiii ijB'frroK'b (amijw- 
ducMeumu cnpaea u 6% i^eumprb). IlycTb padjBiTerb Hain't poflnoft pyc- 
erifi n^in>, nycTB oht> pacnjBiTerb h pa3BepHeTca dojvb BJiiflHieM'b BsaH- 
MO^tflcTBia BepxoBHoft BJiacTH h ^apoBaHHaro eio HOBaro npe^cTa- 
BHTOJibHaro CTpoff... Ectl cjioBa, Bupasaiomm qyBCTBa, orb kotophx* 
bi xeqeHie cTOjriTift ycHJieHHO Shjihcl cep;wa pyccKHXT* jno^efi. 3te 

4yBCTBa, 8TH CJlOBa AOJIffiHLI 6iXTb 3aiieMaotHLI B*B MMCJIflX'B H oTpa- 

xaTbGfl wl A'kiax'b npaBHTejeft. CjOBa 8th: HeyooHHaa npnBepaceH- 
HOCTB kb pyccKHJiTB HCTopHqecKHM'L Haqajiairb (Sypnue annjiodu- 
cMCHmu cnpaea u eb i^enmpih), bi> npoTHBOBicb 6e3noiBeHHOMy eo- 
qiajH3My *). 

B'b CBoefl cocToamefi ciuiomb mi* o6u*mux'b o 4 <|>$HijiajibHMX , L 
ina6jioHOB'L pi^H npeflCTaBHTeab pyccKaro cTaparo peacHMa hobto- 
paerc» ihihb to, hto 93 rofla TOMy Haaaflb $paHi^y3CKifi CTapufl pe- 
ssitb cqHTaji'B HyKHHMT. bt> fiojrfce ajieraHTHoS h KyjrbTypnofi $opMi 
ccaaaTb Ha noporfc npe^CTaBHTejibHaro npaBJiema. #paHuy3 , b HCKajb 
ochobx KOHCTHTyuiH bo «$pamjy3CKOM r b xapaKTepi H noqTeHHHXTb 
iiaMATHHKax'b MHHyBfflHxi> BtKOB'b». Oht> nuTajicfl <GBfl3aTb n$ttb Bpe- 

M6FB, KOTOpyH) pa30pBaJIH mSeJIbHblfl OTOOHeHifl BT> cTopoHy>, Hafirs 

h* t6xt» hjeh apyrHX'L, cosflaBaeirax'b nwb no#b flaBJiemeM'b Heq6xo- 
^hmocth, nojBTHqecKHxi* (JopMax'b «HanjoHajibHoe yqpe»,neHie>. Owb 
HpeBpam;aji'L KopojieBCKyK> BepxosHyio BJiacTb b*b HenoflBH»HHfi 
Hfiwrjrb HCTopiraecKiM sbojiioi^h <&paHoiH, B'b ocb Mipa, BOKpyrb koto- 
p«i BpamajiHCB nepBo6uTHiifl co6pama, h fliaTejibHOCTb TpeTKflro 
GtcjOBifl h, HaKOHe^, coBepnieHHO hobua $opMM rocyaapcTBeHHOft 

ZH3HH, BT> CymHOCTH-TO H6 «flo6pOBOJIbHO H CBOfiOflHO* HO BOJlt 

lopojM, a $aTajftHo cMiraBinia cTapyro 6ropoKpaTHqecKH-Heorpa- 
HHieHHyio MOHapxiK). H Hanrb rJiamaTaft <pecTaBpan,in> Toace 
nparjianiaerL cbok> ay^HTopiio OKyHyTbca B'b rjiy6HHH «HaipoHajii- 
Haro» J,yxa, cpyccKHxi HauioHajibHMX'b Haqajrc>». Owl TO»e nu- 
xaeTca HaHH3aTb Ha o^Hy HHTb h flo-neTpoBCKyio, h nocjit- 
lerpoBCRyK) PocciH), h cTapna ^MicTHbia chjiu» 9 h ^3eMiUMHy* 
nocji'bAHHX'b AecflTHji'iTiii, h hobuS «npe£CTaBHTejibHHfi cTpod». 
«MtcTHua chjiu, Bcer^a hocjih cjjxe6Hun rocyAapcTBeHHHH oOasas- 

HOGTH>. TaKOBa, ROHe^HO, H C0Bp6M6HHafl HX'b JpOJLb. TaKl> 4TU, 

HaHp., rjlsl nero cjiyjKHTb Aaace caifb <HOBtifl npeAGTaBHTejibHHfi cTpofi, 
^apoBaHHiifi BepxoBHOK) BJiacTbio?* ^a Bee m& toto ace: owb «roi- 
zeHi» npHAaTb HOByio CHJiy h hobuS 6jiecKT> aTofi BJiacTH*. IIpespH- 



•) rocyjtapcTBeHHaa AyMa 3-ro cosuBa. IIpHJioaeHie 
n raaerfe ^Pfeib". GeccU I. 3ac*AaHie BoctMoe. 16-ro H0fl6pa 1907 roj^a, 
etp. 67— 68 (o6T>ACHemsi npe^c^AaTejia coB^Ta mhhhctpobi>). 



■ i 



44 H. K. K y A P H H %. 

toaho 0T6pacuBaa «qyxecTpaHHufi OT*Toicb» koucthitd^m, Ha 
«pecTaBpaTopi» npHnamaerb Haci> npesiOHHTboa nepeffb «pycciuiM* 
ctbojiomt>>. H, HaKOHei^b, cpuBaerb 6ypmje annjoAHCMeHTu «Buco&ara 
co6paHifl», — saKi> Tenepb npuHHTO Bbipaacarbca MeacAy uwuu, paat- 
raaBiiiHMH ABt AyMu, — nana h naKH HcnoB'bAyacb «bt» HeyuoHWt 
ipHBepseHHOCTH pyccEHMi MCTopaqecKHM^ Haqajiain»». 

IlepefljteM'b Teriepb on* cpaBHeHia «GJfOBi>» ^paHqyscitoJi u pyt- 
toott pecTaBpai^ifi kt> cpaBHeiiiio hxi> «A*Jn»». 



II. 

« 1 Ie^HocoTeHHoe» ABHateme, npoKaTHBinee cboh Myrow: bojmh 
bo Bcefi PocciH eme bt> MOMeHTb HaHBbicmaro noA^eica ocbo6oap- 
ieju>Haro nopuBa, bt> totb momchtl, sorAa cTapufi cTpoft npHHysfteab 
tun KanHTyjiHpoBaTb nepeA* npo6yAHBmHMCJi HapoAOirb, nopaaui 
Huoruxi yqacTHHKOBT> b% HCTopHHecKOirb npouecct pacKptaomcBW 
saipH, uaKt yAapi> rpoiia, uairtb h*ito coBepnieHH* HeosHAaHHO* h 
Aase coBciirb HeBHAaHHoe HHrA'b paHbme. Gi> oahoA ctopohu, Majt- 
^HCJieHHOCTb h HH3Konpo6flocTb 8jieMeHT0BT», HrpaBinHXi poib vb *ep- 
fi0C0TeHHBLO> BaKxaHajiaxT>, hxt> KpafiHAE HeaonyiapifocTb, jpm 
najio xoro coBepnieuHaa, uoBHAHMOMy, oTptmeHHOCTb on> uuipoKJi» 
HapoAHhixt Maccb. Ci> Apyroii, nonycTUTeibCTBO hjih ace iipjmoe m$- 
«06HH^eCTB0 M'feCTHblX'B Btfaciefi, a BpeHeHaiiH u KpynHux'L HpeA«M- 
BHTaaefi, no KpaflHefi iiipi, ^aKyjufCHbixi, BAOXHOBHTeiefi itenrpaifc- 
aaro upaBHTeJibCTBa,- -wo toju>ko h iiosbojihao TpycjtHBbiMi* repoiMb 
iepHocoT€HCTBa coBepiuaTb aKTbi HeBtpoflTBofi asecTOKOCTH HaA> »•- 
pasAO oojrbe MHoroqHcaeHHhiMH h xpaopuMH npoTHBHHKaiiii m ycTpai- 
iaTb norpoMu bt> Kpafiee uiapoKHx-b pasHtpaxi. Bee oto ohmmi- 
jumo AtflTejiefi ocBo6oAUT6JibHaro ABHaBenia h ao chxi, nop* aaem- 
Bxaeirb 61146 AyMaTb hhuxi hbi hhxt>, mto HHiero, noAo6Haro Mg- 
BHrairb Hamefi «?epHofi cothh», HHrA* h HHKorAa ho 6biBaio. M&ujf 

T*MT>, HMeHHO fffcttOTOpbie MOM 6 HTM $paHHJ3CK0fi pOCTaBpaHLH Y(Mft- 

BuqaiiHo HanoMHBarorb, ayqine CKasatb, npeABOCxamaiDTb bth Heneiw- 
eTBa, xapaKTepncTHHHO& qep'rofl kotopbix'b JiBJuieToi to, hto tan 
ipHHaA^Bsarb ki> Kaieropin o(t>$Hoio3Hbix'b, qyTb-qyTb. He o$^Hioa»- 
Hbixt 6e3iiopHAK:oB r b h B03HHKaK)T r b B*b aTMOc^ept, HacumeHHoft H- 
xeiibiM'b aiieKTpHqecTBOMTb yse bgojeh^ onpeAtjieHHaro upaBHTeuexBM- 
Haro Teppopa. 

TaKi» MMeHHO o6ctohjih A^iia npH Haqait BTopofi (^paeuy3Ctt#i 
>ecTaBpan,iH, Kor^a pohjih3mi>, BpeiteHHO HanyraHHBifi cTOAHeBHiiift 
YopsecTBOifb HaiioaeoHa, mgthjh> sa CBoe yHHseHie HacTOfln^BMi aa- 
pOKCH3M0Mi> 6tmeHCTBa, BbipassaflCb bi> HpHAHiecKHX'b yoificTBaj& 
xpoTHBHAKOBi cueiuajibBbiMH TpH6yHajaMH h BOo6me KOpOJieBCUUfft 

tyXPWb H aAMHHHCTpaiUeft, Wb MHOrOMtCTHhDCb MaCCOBUXl* H86i6HUl«b 
MHpHbiX'b SKHTeJLeft CO CTOpOHbl UOAOHKOB'b JierHTHMH3Ma HpH HOTMf- 



r 



I 

yPOKH MCTOPIM. 45 

I 

cn& h 8aqacTyiD coaMctbih BaacTefi, m> yacacaiomeirb npoH3Bort 
BteHHBixT> h nrraTCRHX'b HaiajibHMKOB'b, wb fiesyMHO peaRijioHHOf 
voxHTHR'b BBi6paHHofl bo BpeMfl rocnoflCTBa 6*jiaro Teppopa <necpae- 
neunou naaaTH* (Chambre introuvable) *), h t. #. 

51 He 6yay ocTaHaMHBaTbcn na ysaat cHOBa B03~BpaTHBraaroc* 
woxb oxpanoft 1.200.000 comsHuxt coj^arb JIioflOBHRa XVIII, 
yBasfe, ROTopuM hbjuijicji cBBpinuBrb h BtpojOMHuifb AeRperoM'B * 
ipocKpHinjiiLX'b h 6bun> oSHapoAOBam. AHmb 24 to iiojiH 1815 r; 
t. e., RaRT> pas*b nocirb Toro, RaRi> Mapuiajiy #aBy y^ajiocB pacny- 
«CHTb 663% npojHTia rpobh HanojieoHOBCRyjo apMiio, oTBejeHHyio Hirb 
n Jlyapt h noayiHBinyiD 8a to orb rpotkhxt* h 6jiaropo^Htix , b. 
(RaRT> Mill BCKOpt yBHAHBTb) pOJIJIHCTOBT* Ha3BaHie ^yapcRHX* pas- 
ioftHHKOBTb*. PaBHO, KaRT> He 6yAy hoapo6ho roBopHTb o BopHAH^e- 
ORarb yGifiCTBax'b nojiOBHHRa JIa6aAofiepa, Mapmajia Hea h ^pyraxt 
■pynHuxt 6oHanapTHCTOB'L > o BoaMyTHTejibHocTH npon;e«coBii ROTopbix* 
TOAKOBajiocb ysce He najio B'b HCTopiax^ anoxn. 51 aiunb ynoMHHy 
•6t> y6iflcTBt JierHTHMHCTCROfi mmofl Mapmajia Eprona k o jieraTH- 
mhctckhxt> se norpoMaxi, Ha rorh: mh* nocRopie xoqeTci nosnaRo- 
m% 9tb m^ cnocoGoiTb nHTaTejieft cb no^BHraMH $paHqy8C5Hx^ qep- 
■ocoTeHi^eB'b BTopofi pecTaBpai^in, qTo6bi noRasaTb, bt> Raxofi cre- 
ieBH, cBOHirb xapaRTepoMi o6cTaHOBRH h npnqHHaMH 9th 3Jtoq,iScTB% 
HanoMHHaiorb js^heisl HaniHXt «HCTHHHo-pyccRHX'b» maetti). 

Orafriy, npea^e Bcero, to o6cT0HTejibCTB0, ^to bo $paHitfH ajeHow 
pecTaBpai^ioHHaro qepHOcoTeHCTBa HBMJiHCb rh ioxHue AenapTaMiHTH, 
lOToprue bxoahjih B'b cocTOB'b IIpoBaHca h CMeawbix'b cn> HHM-b natTeft 
HHSHHro-JTaHreAOKa h Hacejieme ROTopwx'b OTJinqaeTCH oraroAb He 
lOHHCTBeHHOCTbK) (ohh nojibsyioTCH, Bao6oporb, cpeAH (JjpaHiiyaoB'b p*- 
Hyrai^iefi MajiOAymifl), ho HMayjibCHBHOCTbro, noABHXHocTbro, (J>aH^ 

TH8M0M'b, HOAOrptBaeMblMX KaTO.IHqeCKBMH CBflmeHHHRaMH H MOHaxaMH, 

i ^aBHHMi* npHcyrcTCTBieirb bt> bthxt* Miwvrax'b HHOBtpqec«Hrb (npo- 

TCCTaHTCRHX'b H T. n.) SJieMeHTOBT*. KaRT> BHAHTe, TyTb eCTb MHOT» 

cxoaaro ct> ycaoBiflMH H3JiK)6jieHHaro TeaTpa Haranxt oco6eHHO ran- 
poRHXT. norpoMOB'b, — k)»hhxt» h K>ro-3anaAHUXT> oSjiacTeft,— r^* no- 
XOhrh «HCTHHHO-pyccRaro» HacejieHia OTJiH^aroTca Toae ipycocTbK). 

HO H CBHptnOCTbK), HeBtaceCTBOMT., HMny.lbCHBHOCTbH), r^ OHH TOHM» 

•6pa6aTWBa»TCH 3jio6hoh) nponaraH^oBo Hanmx'b cBtTCRHX-L <MOHap- 
xhctobti* & la KpymeBaH'b h Haranxi ayxoBHHXTb qepHocoTeHixeB^ 
i la HiriioAopTi, ta*, HaROHeivb, TO»e cymecTByiorb HHOBtpqecRie 
tieMeHTU (eBpen), Ha rotophxt» peaKn;!H He nepecTaerb HayctRHBaTb 



*) 3roTb 3nHTeTi>, KOTopuft bt> cymHocTH He nepeBo^HMT> no-pyccKH, 6ujc% 
jmorpe6fleE'b caMRBTb JIioaobbkomt* XVIII. yMH.iaBraHMCH jioiuiH3My AenyTa- 
tobt>: ,Ka3ajroci> 6h, hto noAo6Hoft HajiaTU HHieoiyja He HaflAenib** (unc 
pareille chambre semblait introuvable),— cKaaajit Kopojib napjiaMeHTCKofl nene- 
pu(iH, noBeprmefl kt» ero CTonaMi^ oah«t> h3T> 6e3HHr»jieHHWXT> OT^aaHHO p«- 
amioHHbix'B npoeKTOBi rajiaTW. Cm. Theophile Lavallee, Histoire des Fran- 
fftis; IlapHarb, 1884, t. V (HanncaHHWH Frederic Lock'oM-B), cip. 132. 



1 



46 H. E. k y A P H H %. 

6aHAH nponoHirB, 30JOTopoTneBB Eh npo$ecciOHajH>HHx , B rpafa- 
Teaefi. 

A Teaepb noJirofiyfiTecB Ha cnaTpioraqecKia* ffkamff (fepaHnyscKOft wp- 
hoS cothh, KaKL HejifaSfl jiyqme noATBepacAaromiH Ty ncTHHy, qro peaup*- 
vepu noBcioAy o^hh h rk se, TaRB ase TpycxnBU h ctojib xe &poBt- 
xaAHH. BtcTB o nopaxeHiH HanojieoHa npn BaTepjioo Aocraria Map- 
cejia b'l BocKpeceHBe, 25-ro ima 1815 r., Kor^a saxHToqHwe' jmjpr 
pasBtaaracb no oKpecTHHMB jiflnaM'b. MeiRie Toprowju h peicecieH- 
hhrh jierHTHMHCTCKaro o6pa3a Mticjiett, TOTqacB ace no bhxoa* m*& 
ijepRBefl, ycTpeMHJiHCB no yiHijaMB ropo.ua cb spHKaMn: <Aa sapai- 
cTByerB Ropoju>», CTapaacB jBJieqb sa co6oft HHsmie cjioh Hacejeffia, 
a oco6eHHO irfccTHBix'b focaROB'B, bb qein* hitb ycepAHO noMoran 
poflJincTCKie npoBosaTopbi. Ho- nosa reHepajiB BepAbe ocTaBaica w 
hojiromb ntxoiH b apTHJiJiepifiCKofi 6aTapeeS B'B Mapceu, ropjiaw 
TpaTH.iH cbofo 9Hepri£) noqTH HcoioqiiTeJibHO Ha spHKH h yrpowi. 
3a to JMmb TOuihKO ROMaHAOBaBmifi BoflcRaiiH, oqeBHAHO 6oHBmiifca 3a 
cboh) Kapbepy bb cjyqai TopacecTBa EypSoHOBB, A&JB cojinaTam 
HpHRasB o yMCTynjieHiH H3B. ropoAa, Kara yjiHati oqyTHJiHCb bo BJiaen 
6ymeBaBmei TOJinu, npeABOAHMofi h HaycbRHBaeiioft Ha «BparoBB 

MOHapxa* CBHptHHMH maflKaMH ROpOJieBCRHXB BOJIOHTepOB'B, KOTOpHC, 

wh Teqen/e TpexB nocjrfcAHHXB MicaijeBB, BepSoBajHCb sa^cb repno- 

TOMB AiryjiaMCKHMTb, HJieMHHHHROM'B JIlOflOBHKa XVHI. 031 oapecTHO- 

defi cfhraroTCH Ha<j>aHaTH3HpoBaHHiie RpecTBHHe, h cKopo B'B ropoA* 
h KpyroMB ropoAa 3anHJia2[B qyAOBumHbift norpoMB, TaRB H3o6pa- 

a^HHllfi HHBHMB nepQMB OAHOrO H3B HCTOpHROBT> peCTaBpaitfH, JM*- 

peHiaro pecny6jiHRaHua Ae-BojaSejura: 

«KorAa HacTynajia HoqB, B'B MapcejH ho 6lijk) tfoJBme rapra- 
8caa; MjrreacB TopsecTBOBaaB. 9totb aerRifi TpiyM$B onBHHHJTB wo6i- 
^[Tejiefl; hmb HaAO 6hjio bo qTO 6h to hh CTajro noGijKAeHHHXV 
HtcROJiBRo inaeKB TOTqacB ae BpHBaroTca bb ajHJiHma rpasAaHB, Ha 

KOTOpHXB HMB yRa3HBaK)TB, RaR'B Ha 60HanapTHCT0BB, BWJiaMbIBa»TB 

ABepn, pa36H3aK)rB neperopoARH h 6pocaK)TB H3B ORornb TaaEejiHi 
semn, kotophxb He MoryTB yHecra cb co6oft. Pa3rpa6HBniH AOMa, 
HpnHHMaiOTca ySHBaTb xosaeBB. Bb 3T0 Bpeiia'Apyna inaflRH HaBOi- 

HMJIH JKaJKifi, OTAaJieHHUft KBapTaJITb, VJli }KIiJIH OCTaTRH KOJOHiH 

MaMejiOROBB h BOo6me JKHTeJieft BocTORa, npH6biBniHxi H3B ErnnTa 
bcji^Ab 3a HanojieoHiiMB h (|)paH^y3CRofi apMiefi. Heqero 6hio ho- 

FpaSflTB y 9THXB 6tAHHXTE» JIOAefi, HSSpaBfflHXB $paHHJH) CB0HMB 

OTeqecTBOM'B, — h botb nycKaiOTCfl hxb pfeaTb. T*xb, kto ntiTajHeb 
cRpuTbca, npecjiiAyiorB no yjinn;aMB, Ha njiomaAaxB h Aaace bb a*- 
MaxB ApymxB acHTeJiefl. Hh B03pacn>, hh hojib He HaxoAHJiH non^aAH 
y dtraeHbixB najaqefi; aceHH^HHM, a^th ySHBaJHCB bb caMOirB nopTj, 
Aaace Mope He motjio cnacra hxi>: BHCTptjibi H3B RapaSHHOBB HacTi- 
rajiH hxb bb BOJHaxB. KaRaa-TO eranTaHRa, ciiepTeJiBHO paHeHaa 

BB TOTB MOMeHTB, ROT^a HMTaJiaCB CHaCTHCB BHJiaBb, Hcqe3aeTB Wb 

spHROMB... Eme bb Teieme HtcROJiBRHXB MraoBeHlfi MoacHO Cbiio 



yPOKH HCTOPIM. 4f 

BEj&vb, KaKT> ea pyan meBejrajiHCb Ha#b BOfloft... 9Ta apocTHa* 
xasaa y6ificTBi> cRopo o6pamaeTca Ha BcaRaro npoxoflflmaro; Ha 
soro 6m hh noKaaajiH, KaKt Ha 6oHanapTHCTa, Toro cefiqaci> se oapy- 
saDTt h npeaarorb cMepTH. YTpoMt 26-ro yjaratie py^bH 6umm 
spacHu orb npojiHTofi epobh... JEanib rpafiesn, a He npecTynaema i 
He y6ificTBa, HcnyraM, HaROHem>, 6ypsya3iH>: Tpenema sa cboh Jena, 
Mara3HHM h jiaBRH, 6ojbniHHCTBO Bja^tJibueB'L, HeroniaHTOB'L h xop- 
roBijeB'b Boopyanjocb yTpoMTb BToporo .hhh h ^BHHyjiocb npoTHB'b rpa- 
6HTeJiefi... Mapcejib nojiajia cHrgajrb rte» yfiihcTBairb: Ha Hero crop* 
jojshh Cbijih 0T03BaTbca rjiaBHtflraie ropo.ua lora <J>paHijiH» *). 

3HasoMUfl EapTHHBi! rpaoeatv, 6pocaHbe b'b OKHa Toro, *ew> 
Heib3H yHecTH; 6e3nomajtfioe H36ienie seHm l HH , 5, flfrreS, CTapHROB**; 
oxoTa sa jikw>mh no yjinaaMi> h m> flOMaxT>; 3BipcRifl HCTjraaHia 
6b]t t BnK0B r b, ROTopux'b yCHBaiorb tojilko noTOMy, *rro npoBORaTopn 
yRasuBaBOTB Ha hhx^, RaR'b Ha HHopoAijeB'b. CaoBoarb, norpoarb, pye- 
citifi norpoM'b, ROTopwft cflijiajrb 6h. qeorb HSoGpiTaTeJibHOMy rem» 

TOMCRHX'b, RHfflHHeBCRHXT> HJH S'fejlOCTORCRHX'b «C0H)3HHR0B'b»!.. 

XapaRTepHCTHqHM TaRace kjih ncnxoaorm pohjihctcrhx^ norpon- 
hjhrob'b cu,eHti, pa3urpaBiniHca bo BpeMH nyTeinecTBia no rory Map- 
Hiasa EpioHa, KOTopbifi, nepe^aBt 6e3i> npojiHTia rpobh cboh soficRa 
lerHTHMHCTCROMy npeeMHHRy h noarfcinaB'b, noRa crosuub y BjacTE, 

pasSOflMT* pOHJHCTOB'L, pifflHJICH OTnpaBHTbCH 6e3T> BCHRarO 8CR0PT* 

B'b Hapaai. Oh'b TaR'b h He tAotxaji'b ao ctojihu^i, h6o, ycR0ib3- 
HyB'b orb apocTH MOHapxHCTWb B'b 9rc4, Sbijfb yMHouieHHo 3a;jep- 
san'b Ha sacTaBt ropojja ABHHbOHa o^hhm'b hhhobhhromt>, peBHOCT- 
hhm'b cjyacHTejieM'b Ropojia, jiro6h 3a Heco6jiK)ji;eHie nacnopTHHXTb 
^opMajibHOdefi, a Ha caMoarb jvfejit, vb i&Jihio aaTb norpoMnuiRaifb 
speMH co6paTbCH h 3axBaTHTb Mapinajia. H qepHOcoieHijbi, naKOHen^., 
noaBHJiHCb. 9RHna»y BproHa npHXonHTca B03BpamaTbca B'b ropojp. 
doa'b rpanoifb RaiiHefi, npn 6'feineHbix'b RpHRax'b tojiuei, ROTopaa, nojib- 
syacb rfcirb, ^to bt. ABHHbOHt ocTajiocb Majio BoeHHux'b chii, 
oca»Aaerb rocTHHHHiiiy, 17$ ooiaHOBHJicH Mapmaji'b h, BCTynaa b* 
pyRonaniHyK) vh hJrotopbimh npe^CTaBHTejiflMH Mtcraofl BJiacTH, xo- 
rtBniHMH OTCTOHTb BpiOHa, ycnoRawBaeTCH He paHbme, *vbwb y3Haerb 
vrb rpynnu 6aHAHT0Bi>, npoRpaBfflHxea kt> Mapinajiy qepe3ib Rpumy, 
tto «H3M'feHHHR'b» y6HTb hmh... 0, Tor^a BOCTopraM'b norpoMmHROB* 
vbvb ROHi^a. Ocaac^aro^ie HeHCTOBO pyRonjiemyrb. H BJiacTflMT) npn- 
xeAHTca orpaHHqHTbca jiHUib cocTaBjeHieM'b jiacHBaro npoTOROJia, npn- 
HHCHBa»maro CMepTb Mapmajia caMoy6iflcTBy, ho otrpobchho otm4- 
laromaro Ty jiroSonuTHyio noApo6HOdb, qTO bo BpeMH «naTpioTHue- 
CRofi» oca^ti rocTHHHi^a 6ujia pa3rpa6jieHa h Bet Majio-MajbCKH 

fl^HHHfl BemH yHeceHH miJIRHMH pOflJIHCTaMH: JK)60Bb rt* Ropoi», 

BOBH^HMOMy, Hepa3jyqHa y HHX-b vl jhoOobbh) rt> qyacofi <CBan^eHHofi 



*) Ach. de Vaulabelle, Histoire des deux Restaurations; naprovb, 
1857, 3-e H3A-, t. IV, CTp. 3—4. 



48 H. E. UHPHH'i.. 

C06CTB6HH0CTH>. IlOflBHrH pblljapefl JierHTHMH31ia H Ha BTOBTb, BIip#- 

qeirb, He soHiHAHCb: Kor^a Ha yjiairt nosasajicfl rpo6'L cb rkaoi«» 
Bpioaa, KOToparo BJiacTH ptmniH nocKojrbe noxopoHHTb, to tojua 
6pocmnacB Ha neiaabHuft RopTearb, pasaoBiajia bt> menKH rpofii*, par 
3opBa;ia caBaHt, Btrramajia Tpym» h, BOJioia ero no moctobhbtb w- 
poAa, 6pocHJia B'B Pony... 

Bt» 8to *e npH6jiH3HTejubHO BpeMfl ^epnocoTeHHoe ABHaceme nra- 
Poko' pasjiHJiocb bt> AenapTaMeffrt Tap*, npoHBHBjnHCb vb oco6ok> 
chjioh) bt> Hbm* h lOaect, rA* nosoAOMt h npe^jioroM'B H3fiiemft c*y- 
JKHjia He CTOJiBKO nojiHTH^ecKan HeHaBHCTb k*b CoHanapTHCTaMt h pec- 
nySjiHKaHJ^aM'B, cKOJibKO peaHriosHaa BpaacAa HeBiagcTBeHHHX'b Kar«- 
jhkob'b kt> npoTecTaHTaM'b. BjiHaaflraaa »e npHiHHa, koho^ho, jm- 
scajra Bt ycTaHOBjieHiH cTopoHHHKaMH BypdoHOBi chctcmh o$hhm»- 
Haro, a BpeHeHaMH fi npaMO o$HirfaJibHaro Teppopa, KOTopuS noj- 

Aep3RHBaJICfl KOpOJieBCKHMH qHHOBHHKaMH, pOHMCTCKHMH KOMHTeTaMH 

h o^eHb qacTO npHHHMajrb <j>opMy MHHMo-HapoAHaro RMwenia. Saaro- 
japn npaMOMy noACTpeuaTejibCTBy BJiacTefl. Bo BCflKOMt cjiyqa*, ca- 
Mbie ryiiaHHue npe^cTaBHTejiH jierHTHMH8Ma Bt pa^an* MtcTHurb 
BJiacTefl ne eijih bt> cbohx-b AOKJiaAax* ijeHTpajibBOMy npaBHTejibcray 
fladbme 6aHajbHaro co6ojvfc3HOBaHiH no noBOjiy «H3jroniHaro ycepAia* 
norpoME^BKOBt h npHTOMt HensirkHHO cBajiHBajiH rpafieacn h ySiftcTBa 
Ha ocKop6jjeBHLLH BparaMH Kopojia qyBCTBa poajnicTOBb. BpeMenaiiK, 
Kor^a ^HTaenib onHcaHie yacacoB'b Siaaro Teppop^ y hctophkob'b anoxn 
Ha^HHaerb nojioacHTejibBO KasaTbca, ito j$jio npoHCxoAHTb B'b cospe- 
MeHHofi PocciH. B^yMafiTecb B'b cjrfcAyronuH cJiOBa Ae-Bojiafieaiifl, r^ 
Topun a npHBoacy B'b bo3mokho coKpameHHOBn.BHA'fc: 

«BaHAHTH, B'b ae^eHie hath wbcsmewb AepsaBinie bt> crpax* 
Becb TapcKiit AenapTaifeHrb, 6hjih, B'b cymHOCTH, aobojibho MaaoiHc- 
jieHHU ... Hxi> iiMCHa 6biJin hsb^cthr BciM'b, h hxt> co6paHia npo- 

HCXOAMJIH OTKpUTO B'b AOM*, 06pamaBHieM'b BHHMaHie TOJIIIW rHraHTCSOK) 

HaAnacbio HaAT> ABepbio: «Byp6oHH Hjih cMepTb»... Ohh, npasja, 

B03Harpa3KAaJIH CBOIO MajIOIHCJleHHOCTb ACp30CTbK) H yBtpeHHOCTWD, 

KOTopLifl hbtb Aa^ajio coyqacrie fioraTofi ^acTH KaTpjinqecKoM napriH, 
ho ocoSeHHO noKpoBHTejibCTBo aAMHHHCTpai^iH h cyAa...,Hn OAHffb. 
TpaSyHajcb He npepBajn> cBOHX'b 3aciAaeifi bt» 3th ahh neqajra e 
Tpaypa; Haofioponb, npecjiiAOeaHin 6hjih MHoroHHCJieHHte, n±wi> KorAa- 
jih6o, h KajKAufi A^Hb Ha CKaMbt noACYAHMbix'b noflBJuuiHCb He rpa- 
6HTejH-KaT0jiHKH, ho orpaGjieHHue nporecTaHTbr, ne najiaiH, ho 
acepTBbi. 9th nocjitAHia aoji3khh 6hjih OTAaBaTb OT^erb cyAy B'b 
©CKop6JieHiflx , b, KOTopuH BbipbiBajiHCb mi> nx'b yen* no aApecy 
rpa6HTejiefi h y6ifia^; B'b yAapaxi», KOTopue ohh mowih HaHecTH, 
samiinxaH CBoe HMymecTBO hjih 3ch3hs, bt> acajio6axii na npaBHTeJb- 
ctbo, KOTopoe npHHocHJio hmt> jiHinb pa33opeHie h roneHia. 3to 
conpoTHB.ieHie h 3th acaaoSbi. Ha kotophh AOHOCHjiocb TpecTajibOHOin> 
h ero coyqacTHHKaMH, HrpaBiiiHMH bt» TaKHX'b cjiyqaaxi* pojb o6bi- 
HHTejeii h cBHAtoejieii, HeH3MtHH0 npeBpamajiHCb TpHeynajiOM'b vb 



yPOKH MCTOPIH. 49 

sum* HacHjifl, B08MyTHT6J[BHHe KpHKH, njiaHu BoacTania, napaBinieai 
ireyMOJHMMMH cyjuhaua: wb n&mewb yjioaeHiH He HaxojMOCb aocTaTOiHO 
eTpornxB HaRa3aBifi ajm HeciacTHiirB o6BHHfleMMXi>. 3a to, soma 
TpecTajBOVB, hjih kto-hh6yab H3i> ero maJo noaBiMca npeffb cy- 
KOitb bt> KaqecTB* o6BHHjieMaro bt> rpa6earb hjih yCificTB-fe, oht> QnpaB- 
XHBaicfl npH pyKousecKaHiflxi* t<5oth, h ero cb TopaecTBoirb hochih 
■o oaBHHM^ jMnmawb ropoaa* *). 

H nosBOJK) ce6i npHBecTH eme h^crojibko aeTspefl mrb HCTopix 
woro 6tjiaro Teppopa, ito6h iHTaTejib mofb bi> flocTaTOiHoft CTeneHi 
•y^HTB o xapaKTepi Torflanraaro qepHOcoTeHCTBa h ero naBHMniHXS 
jtfuiTejiefi. B% Hhh* jsfao HanaaocB cb Toro, ito npe^ crhHaMH ro- 
pofla, 15-ro irora Bee Toro ae MonoJiy^Haro 1815 r., aBMca «KopoieB- 
•Kii R0MMHCcap , B», rpa$T> ^e-BepHH h npefljoanrb CoHanapTHCTCKOity 
reHepajy JKhjuih, m> BHAy naAema HanoieoHa, KanHTyMpoBaTb. Bujio 
yejiOBaeHo, *rro coaAara, cjoaHB'b opyaie, chokoAho yAajaTca. Ho 
jhidl tojibko %e6oibmofi otphab o<yra*ca 6esopyHHUM'B y Ha Hero 
folio npouBBexeHO BipoJOMHoe Hana^eHie KopojeBCKHiiH BOJioHTepaMH r 
ito noAajo CHraajrb Kt yaacHOMy norpoMy bt> ropoA* h OKpecrao- 
vrsTb. Bx TeieHie AByxB AHefl kpobb jbeTca piitofi, h H36ieHie h 
rpafiearb craBaiDTca bt> HeonncaHHyro KapTBHy xaoca. 3a ibwb yfiift- 
ctbo h bopobctbo opraHHsyroTca MeTO^H^ecKH. 3apaHie oTMt^arors 
XOMa, nofljesamie pa8rpa6jreHiro, h cocTaBJialoT'b chhckh jihitb, koto- 
pnrb ptmeHO yCHBaTB. Ob ropoAa nojHTHKa Teppopa nepeHOCHTca na 
OKpecTHOCTH: y KpoBaBaro Kpyra pafliyct ^ocTHraerB Bepcrb ABa&- 
uaTH. CeroAHH pasrpafiiiaioT'b oAHy A^peBHi), Ha 3aBTpa sacTaBJiflxm 
tTKynaTBca xpjtjjd, nocilsaBTpa b% ospyaaiomHX'b (JepMax^ Biipii- 
iai)Tca BHHorpaAHUfi jiobh, BbipiiBaiOTca oihbkobhh AepeBba, 8a6H- 
paeTca BecB xjrftf'b; eme #aju>me ycipaHBaeTca Bceo6maa o6iaBa, h jodae 
ipecit^yioTCH, rao 8BtpH. y daHflHTOBt B03HHKaerB cBoe HanajiBCTBO. 
MeayQ npeflBOflHTejwMHBHjiaeTca yae ynoMBHyTHfi n^THpoBaHHHM^Hai« 
acTopHKOM'B TpecTajBOHi, wo Ha npoBaHcajbCKOM'B ^iajietfrb 03Ha*aer& 
npH6iH3HTejn>Ho «Piab-Ha-Tpje»: ero HacToamee hma 6hjeo S^aicb ^»- 
hoht», ho offb bhojuh* onpaB^aji'B CBoe CBHptnoe npo3Bnme, hto He 
Mimajio eiiy c^iJiaTb hs^ y6ificTB'B Kpynnyi) CTaibK) ^oxoAa. Owb 
tacTaBJUMt oahhx'b OTKynaTbca otb cMepTH, xpjTEYb ySHBajiTi, ^to6h 

»OH$HCKOBaTb HXl HMymeCTBO. TaK'B Offb CAtjajTb Cb OAHHM'b OT- 
•TaBHKIMT, KanHTaHOMT), OyXHMT>, CTpaAaBHIBM'b OTB paHT> HHBaJH- 

AOu%: oahhi hsi noMomHHKOB'b fiaH^HTa ySHJi'b Hec^acTaaro CTapHKa^ 
h HOitb ero 6iurB owhi cecTpt TpecTajibOHa, kotopm AaBHo 3apH- 
jacb Ha nero. 

Bi K)3ecfe Hamejrcji AOCTOflnafi conepHHK'b TpecTaJbOHa: to 6un> 
i4kto Tpa^^aHx, CKopo noiy^HBinifi, ohcbhaho b-b HHKy yae npocia- 
iranieiiycH pa36oflHHKy, npo3BHme KaTp^-TaibOHa (Quatre-Taillons), 



*) Vaulabelle, I. c, cTp. 26—27, passim. 
J|cica6pb. Omtx-b II. 



50 H. E. K y ft P H H !>. 

1TO 3HaMHn, ? «p*kBb Ha WTLTpe qaCTH». OaHHITB H3Tb caicux'b A06l6CT- 

Huxi) ero no^BHroBt 6hjio ySiflcTBo mecTH 3aoB)qeHHHX , B b*b m4ct- 

HOft TIOpBMi flpOTeCTaHTOB'B, KOTOpBTTB eMJ BU^aJTB UOMeH^aHTL r«- 

poAa. H <J>a,KrB eme Sojrfce BHaMeHaTejiBHHft jps Hciopiii efciaro Tep- 
popa: Kor^a acnieiH OKpecTHUTB aepeBeHB nojiyqajin otl oflHoro nojv 
npe$eKTa paaptmeHie Boopy«HTBca, ito6h conpoTHBJMTBCH SaHAHTairB, 
to Apyrofi iioA'B-npe^eKTB najn> nopy^eHie sara pa3T> sHaiieHHTOMy 
KaTp'B-TajibOHy HaKaaaTB hx* sa Brora «6yHTB npoTHB'B Kopojia*; h&- 
1 ^ajibHHKT, 6aHAHTOB , B aaxBaTHBaerB mecTB mhphhx'b rpa»AaH*L, npi- 
boahtb ETb bt> KteecB h ba^cb paBcrp'fcjiHBaeT'B hoa*b oKHaMH npe- 
$eKTypw. 

HoBBifl H36ieHifl 3ajiHJiH KpoBBH) Hhm*b KaKB paai HaKaHyHi BH- 
6opoB , B, KOTopBie 6bijih Ha8HaieHH Ha 22 aBrycTa. HpoTecTaHTic 
omjih raKT> sanyraHii, tto hhkto h3t> hhx*b He aboch ajlh noAaw 
rcunoca, — coBctjfB Kara y HacB espen wb MtQTax'B, npbcjaBJieHHBix'B 
^tflHiaMH coiosa pyccKaro Hapo^a. He MyApeno, ^to BUdfiopu, npoHS- 
BOAHBraieca noBceiiliCTHO bo <£paHn;iH npn rocnoACTB* cakaro yxac- 
naro Teppopa, h ,s,aji0 yace ynoMHHyTyro HaMH «HecpaBHeHHyK) na- 
Jiary>, e'b noABHraMT* ROTopofl mbi cefliacB h nepexoAHM-b, ho npej- 
BapHTejBHO npH6aBHB r b eme nocjrfcAHift, 3aoroqHTeJiBHHft nrrpHX'B rB 
Hapnc-OBaHHoft HaMH KapTHH* qepHocoTeHHaro ABHaceHia. $paHijy3CKie 

H)KHWe pOHJIHCTH 6HJH OieHB Ha603KHHMH JIIO^bMH: B^ BTOM'b QTHO- 

meHiH ohh He ycTyaajH HanraM-B «HCTHHHO-pyccKHM , B». H BorB ice 
b^ Tom* me 3JionojiyqHOM'B Hhm*, Ha YcneHbe, KOTopoe otohb no«- 
TaeTca bo wkxT> KaTOJ[HqecKHX r B CTpaHaxiE., ateHH *iepHocoTeHn;eB* 
ptiHHJH saMtHHTB y6ii!cTBa aKTOMi xpHcriaHCKaro MHaocepAiH. B% 

STOTB JI£HB OHH yCTpOHJIH HaCTOHUiyK) OXOTy 3a npOTeCTaHTCKHM* 

aceHmHHaMH h A^ByniKaMH: oh* ocTaHaBJiBBarorB hxt. Ha yjiHijax*, 

6e3CTBJAHO nOAHHMaEOTB HX'B HJiaTBH H HpH X0X0T*fc H rpH3HBIX , B py- 

raTejbCTBax'B MyaciHH'B 6BiorB hxt* h KJiefiM.HT'B oco6o npHAyMaHHtiift 

OpyAieM'B HHTKH, TaKT* Ha3HBaeMWMH «KOpOJieBCKHMH BaJIBKaMI> 

(battoirs royaux), KOTopBie no ^opM-h HanoiiHHajiH o6fciKHOBeHHtio 
BajBKH, ynoTpeSjuareMBie npaqaaMH, ho 6bijih yTBiKaHBi fbosahmh, o6pa- 

30BaBHIHMH $HrypBI, nOXOacifl Ha JIHjiH, ^TOTT* A*BCTBeHHO-1HCTHi 

rep6-B JierHTHMHCTCKofi MOHapxiH *). He HanoMHHaerb jih noABHM 
HaraHXTi ^repHocoTeHn.eB'B, KOTopwe bo BpeMH h4kotopbix , b eBpeficKHX'B 
norpoMOBT) HaHocHJH KpecToo6pa3HHe paHH cbohm'b acepTBaarB, n«- 
XBajiHACB rfeM'B, wo «xotb HoacoM-B, ^a KpecrHJH napxaTHX'B*? 



*) Cm. Giel-Castel, t. Ill, cTp. 544; Vaulabelie, x. IV, CTp. 20; f;avael#e 
(Fr. Lock), t. V, CTp. 102. 



JPOKH HCTOPIIl. 51 



. hi. 



'3,0 chxt» uopt mh hm4jih .aLio ci> A«Marorm.ecKHMii $0pMaMH 
pecTaBpaijia, KOTopHa mohcho ynoAo6aTb Hauieniy i iepHocoTeHHony 
jBHtteHiio h no oTHOineHiR) wh KOTopHM'B juo^h .CTaparo pesHMa 

*paHI^iH, KaET> H JIK>AH «pyCCKHX'b HCT0pHqeCKHX1> 0CH0FL», HLOTJVb 

yTBep»,naTb, mo ohh, coficTBeHHO, Tjrb He npn nearL, qTO OHH, 

T02K0 0HJiaaHB3H)T'B 9TH BKCIjeCCH, HO HO MOryrb H6 3aMf>THTb, <ITO 

HUHa JiesHTb Bt caMHX^ Bparax'b 6jraroAiTe.ibHofi Tpa^HuioHHOft 
BJiacra, CepeflJimHX'B no&nmwb HapoABHX'b Maccb. Mh y»e bh^jih, 
mto 9to iicTopaiecKaa Jioacb, uto q TaM'b, h 3ji$cb qepHocoTeHijH He 
owjih MHoroHHCjieHHH, ito HHnnjaTHBa 3BipcTBTE> HecoMH'feHHo mja 
orb hhxt>, a He ort nx'b npoTHBHHKOBT>, h *ito caiiy h nnipoTy 9T0My 
^BHaeHiK) npH^aBajio nonycTHTejibCTBO, a to h npaMoe noco6Ha*iecTBO 
BjiacTefl. Ho Tenepb mh nepexoAHM'b m> «6ijioMy. Teppopy», icaRi* 

IipaBHTeJIbCTBeHHOfi CHCTeMt, XJia^HOKpOBHO H MeTO^HqeCKH IipOBOflH- 
Mofl HopMajibHBiMH opraHaMH I^eHTpaJIbHOfi BJiaCTH H nO^^HkeHHHMH 
eii MicTHbiMH yqpeacAeHiflMii h mjs^un cyAe6Haro h ajjMHHHCTpaTHB- 
fiaro nepcoHaJia. TjiaBHyH) pojib B'b yiiOMaHyTOM'b Teppopi iirpaerb 
^HecpaBHeHHaa najiaTa», A*flTejibHocTb KOTopoft mh h nociapaeMca 

OTMtTHTb Zflfccb HiKOTOpHMH XapaKTepHCTH^HHMH HOpTaMH, HO He 

aafiHBaa, ^to h caMofi KopojieBCKOfi BJiacTii, a bt> ocoSeHHocTH ea 
•iaKyjiHCHHM'b B^oxHOBHTeji.aM'B npaHa/memHTb Hepi^KO HHHijiaTHBa 
acecTOKiJX'L Mipii, pa3Bpamaioiiuix'b o6ni,ecTBO ropa3AO 6ojrfce, *rhrfc 
lara Ha3HBaeMHe «peBOJHou,ioHHue aKCueccn*. 

HsBicTHo, *ito BTopaa pecTaBpaijia bt> napjaMeHiapHOM'b cMucirk 
naiajiacb ci pacnymema npeacHefi naJiaTH AenyTaT0B r b h BHfiopoB'b 
HOBOfi Ha ocHOBaHin yBejiaqeHHaro qncjia npeACTaBHTejefl, noHHaceHia 
B03pada K36HpaTejieG h H36apaeMHX'b h t. il, paBHO Kaicb cb ocho- 
BaTeJibHofi nepeTacoBKH ijeHTpajibHoft BJiacTbro cocTaBa uapin, cTano- 
BHBiuefica Hacji'fcACTBeHHofi. JlK)6oiibiTHa xapaKTepacTHKa cBkne-Hcne- 

leHHWX'b K0p0JieM r b n3p0Bl> H H36paHHHXTb TeppopH3HpOBaHHHM r b Ha- 

eejieHieM'b AenyTaTWb, Jlyqme Bcero OHa BHxoAaT'b bx H3o6pa»emH 
Jtojiopa, 6HBinaro <ueHa KOHBeHTa, KOTopwi B'b CBoefi HCTopia pe- 
CTaBpan,iH cKOHi^eHTpHpoBaji'b Maccy AOttyMeHTOB'b anoxH. CHa^ajia 
napH: ^JIjoaobhrT) XVIII Ha6pocnji , b MaHTiro napa Ha HOCHTejieit 
HMeHT), npocjiaBHBHiHxca HiKorAa bohhckhmh noABHraMH hjh cTaBHiHX'b 

SHaMeHHTHMH CBOMMH HH30CTaMH npH ABOpt; OHX peaOHJMTHpOBaJTb 
nOBOpHyiO «H3Hb BTHXTi JHO^efi, Vb& MOJIOAOCT.^ 6HJia HCTpa^eHa B'b 

oaecTamHX'b opriaxi) h %a cTapocTb, He noMora efl Kopojb, 3aK0H- 
^HJiacb 6h Mep3ocTbio a HameTofl... HHHe mi> QinTb rocnoA'b no 
ropjio yBASJik BT> AOJirax^, ohjih Mem^y hhmh a Taaie, KOTopnx'b 
JipaxoAHJiocb OA'feBaTb vb tojlobh ao Horb, itoCh hmi Moacao 6hjio 
HBaaTbca bt> o6n^ecTB* B'b npujaqHOM'b ma*: ohh aouijih ao aToro 

4* 



52 H. E. k y J P H H i». 

cocTOAHifl 6jiaroAapfl paanpaTy, jrtHoara h TsepaoMy aejamro «aunv 
no^BopaHCKH». B*b KopojieBCKOM-L ABopu;t 6hjth pascTaBjreHEi ctojit 
jaa 8THTB mnnj&Yb HOBaro po.ua... Cam JIk)Aobhr , b XVIII OTaHO- 

BHJTCH HX*B TpaKTHpmHKOMT), BT, OSHflafliH TOrO MOMBHTa, ROrfla OHH 

•68aBeA7TCfl cbohitb xoanftcTBOWb: TaRX htb nHTaJH bt, Teqeme Hi- 
eROJibKHX'L irfccan;eB , B, nosa ohh He CTajiH aact^aTb bt> najiarfc na- 
pOB*B» *). 

A BorB nopTperB najaTH flenyiaTOB'B: «Bt> najrarb aenyraTOBV 
Bci cHMnaTiH 6bmh Ha aropoHi irtp'B, cnoco6HBiXT> CHOBa norpysHra- 
HapoAt bo MpaRii cpeAHeB^KOBBA npn noMomn rocnoflCTByiomefl 
uepKBH h B03CTaHOBjeHifl pTapHHHiix'B o6BraaeB , B h / 6apm0HHMX'B 
noBHHHocTefi. Cpe^H BToft AJiHHHOfi BepeHHijH peTporpaflOB*B BBIflaBa- 

* JIOCB HijCROJIBRO TajraHTJIHBHX'B JHOH,efl, ROTOpLie BHRa3HBaJIH 60Jb- 

rayio ropj^HOCTB, ito6h h^th no Toiiy nyrn, Ryaa RaR*B pas'B He 
jesajrn ETb AtficTBHTejibHWfl y6i^eHifl: to 6hjih HHTpnraHu h to^h 
6e3*B Majrfcflmaro HpaBCTBBHHaro qyBCTBa, jroflH, npo^aBaBmie cboi§ 
jobroctb jno6ony npaBHTejbCTBy, on> ROToparo ohh motjlh ojKBflaib. 
hhhob^ h AQHerB... Meamy hhmh... BasTOiBHRx... qejiOBiK'L BBiraaH- 

HUfi 3a H3M*Hy HS'B MHHHCTepCTBa HHOCTpaHHBIX'B atjTB... ^6JIOB4k!B,- 

cKOMnpoMeTHpoBaHHRfi noise KaKHMH-TO TeMHUMH neperoBopaMH H 
y^acTBOBaBinift b*b RaRHX^-To saroBopax*B no npHroTOBjemro y6ifi- 
cTBa... Ohh ctoajih bo oaBt napTin, ROTopaa xoriuia aase 6ojrita 
Toro, ^to ^aBaJ'B cTapufi pesHM-B, h ohh hoaphuhjihcb coqHHHTB 
$pa3H una 9TO& napilH, aijiBnaMH H noBipeHHtiMH Roefi OHH H 
hbjwtjthcb. Mohcho 6uj[0 6li, KOHe^Ho, y^HBJiflTLCfl, cayman, KaKT> OHH 
saiUHipajiH bt> cbohxt> p^axi> pejiiiriio, npocjaBjnwH 6jaroTBopHOfr 
BJiiHHie .nyxoBeHCTBa, npeB03H0CHJH nojBsy 6oJibmHX , B h MajiHXTb ce- 
MHHapifi; ho bt» Ty anoxy npHxojjHJOCB yAHBJHCTBca He okhhitb bthitb 
MeTaifop$03aM , B... ' 

«rpoMa^Hoe ae 6ojBmHHCTBO najiaTN, noiTH i$jihrom'b coctohb- 

Hiee H3TE» npOBHHI^aJBHBIX'B flBOpflFB, (VB RpaflHO ySRHMH HffeHMH, 
npHHeCJOCB B-B CTOJIHECy CB pa3pyniHTejiBHHMH MaHaMH cBoeft Ae- 
n;eHTpajiH3aiijH: Raa^wfl hs'b hext* xot*jtb jihhib toto, ^to Mono 
npHflaTB eMy BaaHOCTB b'b coficTBeHHOifB orojiotr*; HcnojraeHHHe 
pejiHrio3HHx , B npe^pascyAKOB'B, ohh TpeSoBara no^HHeHia hojihthrm 
aBTopHTeTy RaTOjrHiecRoft BipH. B'B BTofl 6e3nopHAO^HOfi TOJini i^a- 
pnjia KpafiHflfl aK3ajn>Targ'fl h KHnijo qpesBBraafiHoe pas^paseHio 
npoTHB'B IlapHsa, noTOMy ^to oht* 6ua r b oiaroirB peBOJiroi^iH h He 
nepecTaBaji'B 6bhb n^ETpowb H^eftHaro jryqeHcnycRama, OTRyw pac- 
npocTpaHHJiocB npocBtnueHie, ROTopoe ohh ctojb HeHaBHAtJiH h Ha- 
suBaan «pa3Bpan^emeM , B». ^aHaTH^ecRie npHBepaceHi^Ei RopoJieBCRO^ 
BjiacTH, roTOBue mcthtb sa Hee rpobbio, ohh He 6ojmhcb, o^HaKO, 
•cjiafijiHTB ee h cm4jio HanaAaTB Ha Hee, RaR*B tojibro rIulo Baxo- 



*) J.-A. Dulanre, Histoire de 1814 a 1830; ITapH»i», 1849 t. IV v 
CTp. 218. 



yPOKH HCT0P1H. 58 

1HJL0 oSli HX*B KaCTOBUX-B HHTepecaX'B, ROTOpMX'B, BnpoieMTb, OHH H 

«aMH He iroHHMa.Tii. Y hhx'l He 6hjio HHRaRoro onpeAluieHHar* 
Mana... 

«Bci 9th npoBHHu;iaJibHHH HHHToaeecTBa, 3a^LixaBiuiaca otb h«- 
Tepntflia yBHAiTB peajrasaijiK) Toro, ito ohh HasiiBajiH cbohmh «bh- 
AaifH», rpymrapoBajiHCb BORpyrB 8thxt> 3HaMeHT>: Ra»AHft h3tb hhxt> 
jitjiaji* csoe npeAJroxeme... JIboah, KOTopue wb Teieme Bceft cBoeft 

XH3HH HHROrAa H6 3aHHMaJIHCB HH MaJTkflfflHM'B ^tjOM'L, y EOTOpHXt 

He 6hjio Aa#e caiiaro Heo6xoAHMaro yirfcHba yupaBjiaTL cbohitb 
iM^HBeHi, KOTopne He 3Hajra hh ofimecTBa, hh shshh... BApyrB 3a-^ 
xorkiH 6uTh pe$opMaTopaiiH rocyAaporaa. Ohh hbjihjihcb c% th- 

•HSB1D HeJl4HHXTE» HJiaHOBT., HyTeM'B KOTOpBIX'B OHH CTapaflHCb HaCBl- 

TUTb cbok) HeHaBHCTB K'L pasyiiy, R«B COBpeMeHHOfl 9110X4 H $HJIO- 

«0$CROMy HOHHMaHiH). Bcfe 9TH OTUieJlbHHKH fyeOR&JlbRUTh SaiCKOB'B 

crpeMHJiHCB Tenept Kb TOMy, *rro6ti #aTB TopacecTBO naoAaarB cBonxt 
jhrhx'b MeHTamfi... Ho a Me»Ay 8thmh peaRitfoHepaMH jifcjio He 06- 
xoahjocb OAHaito 6e3t Hairipemii HHTpnroBaTb h npyjRHffB *racT0 
jH«maro Hffrepeca* *). 

JI 6ok)cb ocjia6HTB ROMMemapiaMH BneqaTJrfcHie BejHKofl hctoph- 
qecKofl HJiJiH)3iH, koto py jo AOJiateHT) HcnuTBiBaTB, a yBtpeHX B'B 
aroiTB, jiH)6ofl pyccKlft qHTaieJiB, BAyMHB&acB b'b tojbro hto ijhth- 
poBaHHUA cTpoKii: Aa, b^ab dTo OHa, OHa, coBpeMeHHaa Poccia, B'B 
KOTopoft BpeiieHHo TopatecTByerB He 3Haromaa HH^ero, RpoMi cbohx'b 
«aacTOBHX , B HHTepecoBT** npHBHjierHpoBaHHafl peaRijia! A ecjra 6u 
mh4 no3BOJiHJio MtcTO, to xapaRTepncTHRofi otaIjjibhhx'b repoes^ 
3>paHijy3cRoft pecTaBpai^in no ,J,K)jiopy, a Mora 6h eme 6ojrfce ycHJiHTB 
»Ty HMmm, 0THCKaB"B a^h BoaaKOB'B pyccKaro 3y6paHoro CTa^a 

ABOftHHROBTi ILTL $paHIjy3CR0Ji MOHapXHieCROft IiapTiH. 

Hepexoffly, He ocTaHaBJiHBaacb Ha 3thx*b noyqHTejiBHtix'B a«- 

laJHX'B, Kb AtaTeJBHOCTH «HecpaBHeHHOft HaJiaTKE*, ROTOpoE H0M0- 

rajiano^TH Bcer^a naJiaTa napoB'B h KOTopaa He BCTpiiaaa cHaqaua 
•onpoTHBJieHia bx Kopojii, 3aqacTyK) Aa»e paAOBaBnieMca btb rjy- 
6hh4 Ay°iH ycepAiro pohjihctobT). B'b caMOMi Haqajii ceccin, oceHB» 
1815 r./ npoxoAflrB oahht> aa ApyrHM^B Tpn ApaKOHOBcde saKOHa, 
HpeAJioaceHHfcie npaBHTejibCTBOM'B: ^npiocTaHOBEi HenpHKOCHOBeHHo- 
•th ih^hocth hjih HHAHBMyajiLHofi cbo6oah», KaKT* BHpaacaeTCH 
4>paHnj3CKift TeKcrt; <noAaBJieHin MHTeJKHHX'B kphrobt* h npa- 
«HBa Kb 6yHTy»; «npeBOTajiBHHX'B cyAax^*. IlepBHfi saKOHTb wb 
•yHtHOCTH OTAaBaji'B Ha np0H3B0jn> aAMHHHCTpaipH BcaKaro, kto 6ujl% 
8anoA03p4H , B BjiacTflMH B'B «npecTynjieHiax , B hjih npocTynttax'B npo- 

THB*B 0C06H H aBTOpHTeTa KOpOJIH, np0THBT> 0006^ KOpOJieBCKOft $a- 

MHJiiH hjih h^jiocth rocyAapcTBa». HMiBinifi Hea^acTie HaBjie^B na 
•*6& TaRoe noA03ptHie <MoaceTT» coAepsaTBca b^ saRjironeHiH bhmtb 



*) Ibid, CTp. 228- 281, passim. 



54 H. E. K y fl P H H T>. 

jo npeKpameHia aMctbui aaHHaro 3aKOHa, ecjw paHbine aToro spe- 
mchh ofb He Syaerb nosBaffb Ha cy;n>». HpnieMt 3aK0Hi> oroBapn- 
BaeTca, qio ero aiflcTBie npeKpanjaeTca caMO coooio b'b tomi> eiy- 
qai, Koraa najiaTa He BOTHpyert ero npoflOflaceHLa bt> 6jiH2Kafimet 
cecciH. OTciOAa biiboa'b aceHx: eaiH BjiacTHMi, yro^HO He upaBJieKarb 
aanoAoaptHHaro kt> cy,ne6Hoii oTBtrcTBeHHocTH, a napjiaMeHrc> 6jpfin> 
hb'l ceccin bt* cecciio rojiocoBaTB coxpaHeHie 3aK0Ha, to 3Jionojiyq- 
HHfi npednoAaiaeMuu npe.TynnHKt Moacerb CHfltTb bt. TiopbMi ao 
cKOHHania BiROBTb. Bnpo^eanb, oahht> H3i> naparpatfoB'B 3aK0Ha mh- 
iocthbo 3aMiHaeTii saiuHoqeme bhcihhmt> nojiHn.eficKHM'b Hansopoifb, 
pa8i> npeanojiaraeMHfi npecTynHHRt He TaK'L BajKeHi...* 

3HaKOMLie mothbh! BOCKjHHjaerh yace, uo Bcefi BipoaTHOCTH, co- 
BpeMeHHwfl pyccKift UHTaiejib. ,J,a, HacTOJibKO 3HaK0MHe, ito Tairb « 
m xoieTca cnpocHTb BMicrfc cl TeliHe: 

Sonderbar! wie wohlbekannt 
Diinkt mir diese Barensprache! 
Hab'ich nicht in teurer Heimat 
Fruli vernommen diese Laute? 

CTpaHHO, CTpaHHO! KaKTj SHaKOMT* MH"B 
BeCb H3WKT> MeAB*3Kifi 3T0TT>!.. 
He Ha pOflHHt JIH MHJIOfi 

H yacb cjiuraaJi'L sth sbyku?.. 

9to cpoactbo asHKOB'b peaimin BHCTynaeTt eme 6ojrfce ec.nn npH- 
ciyraaTbca k^ TOMy, hto roBopnjiocb bt> o6i>acHeHie HCKjno*MTejibHHX r b- 
irhpTb npeACTaBHTejiaMH cTaparo peacHMa. Bo BpeMH npemfi no no- 
BOAy TOJibKO qTO aHajni3HpoBaHHaro 3aK0Ha, mhhhctp , l nojiHijiH, fjt- 
*a3i, xapaKTepnsoBaji'b cMucm ero Taicb: 4(310x11 saKOH'L niiierb 
niiLbJQ npH^aTb AtficTBiHMt BJiacTH, KOtopofl nopy^eHO 6jhocth ca- 
MBie CBATHe HHTepecH o6niecTBa, 6e3onacHOCTb rocyaapcTBa h xpona, 
cHJiy, Bt KOTopofl OHa HyacflaeTCfl, titoSw oOysAaTb BejiHKHX'b npe- 
CTynHHKOBt, noTOMy ito 6jaro^iTejibHHH, ho Mefl-neHHtia $opMH 
npaBHJbHofi K)CTHuiH o6peKaK)T'L ee Ha 6e3CHJiie... TpeSyioTca 11 
oco6hh ycHJiia, itoCh A0Ka3aTb HeoSxojiHMOCTb 3Toro HOBaro 3aK0Ha 
CTOJb ace cnacHTejibHaro, * CKOJib BejiHK&ro?.. HaniH AificTBin neco- 
mh4hho bcjihkh; BejiHKO aojhkho 6uTb h jrfcttapcTBO npoTHB*b hexi*... 
BaacTb oSimajia to, qero xo^erb HHTepect Hapo,n,a. Ho HapoA'b a;e- 
laext, npeac^e Bcero, ^to6h ero cnacM... Kopoj[b, MHJOCTHBbie ro- 
cyflapa, pimnjit BocnojiHHTb H6A0CTaT0K% cymecTByromHX'L 3aK0HOBi> 
t^mh, npoeKTL kotophxtj ohi» nopyqnjib mh^ npeACTaBHTb BaMt... 
Ho ohx aceJiaeTii, ito6h bth MipH fla-Bajin rpa3KAaHaMi> Bci rapaH- 
Tin, Kaitifl TOJibKO mohjho hmi» o6e3neqHTb, mubKo He KOMnpoMernpyii 
cnacemn TpoHa h 0Te^ecTBa» *). 



*) Dulaure, 1. c. cTp. 246—249, passim. 



4 

i 



r 



yPOKH HCTOPIH. 55 

Hjih, KaifB pa3BHBaji'B pfrxhe mhcjib npaBHTejibCTBa repijorb Ae-jlj- 

JftBHJIb, OAHHtf H3T> CaMEIXt peBHOCTHBIX'B 3amHTHHK0B'B peaKI^E B*B 

Mauarfc napoB'B: «YBaaceflie Kb xapria, HecoMHiHHo, nann* ppsrb. 
Ho TorB, kto HSt yBameHia kt. ea CTaTBairB, noABeprB 6u ouacHOCTH 
eaMoe cymecTBOBame ea, ne uoxoahji'b jih 6h Ha qeaoB'feKa, KOTopiifi 
ydoaaca 6h, am cnaceHia suiTejieft ropamaro A<>Ma, jioMaTb ABepH, 
rrpamacB HapymnTB HenpHKOCHOBeHHOCTb qyaroro jKHjrama? Bii mo- 

MeHTB HafflHXt UOCJL ; kjl t EliX r b HeCiaCTifl, CJHHIKOM'B qyBCTBOBajiacB He- 

^ocTaTO^HOCTb HaniHxi> 3aEOHOBi>... HayqHMca caMEira onbiTOM'B, tto 
•6pa3TE. JKH3HH 3AopoBaro qeaoBiKa He MoacerB roAHTbca jn;jia a^™ 
SoibHoro, h qTO bo Bpeiia 6ypa Ha.no HHaqe MaHeBpnpoBaTb itopa6- 
jeifb, qiMTb b-b xopomyro noroAy» *). 

A bott>, qTO mu cjiHuiHifb 93 ro;i;a cnycTa: «PocyAapcTBO Moacerb, 
rocy^apcTBO o6a3ano, KorAa oho HaxoAHTca b% onacHOCTH, npMHHMaTb 
caMbie dporie, caime HCKjiioqHTejibHbie 3aK0HH A^ a Toro, qTo6bi 
erpaflHTb C e6a otb pacnaAa... Kor^a aom-b roparb, rocndAa, bh BJia- 
MiraaeTecb b^ qyaria KBaprapH, bli JiOMaeTe ABepH, jioMaexe oKHa. 
lorAa qejiOB'feK'B SojieHTb, ero opraHH3M , B jrhqarb, oTpaijiaa ero 
jaoitb... EHBaiOTT), rocnoAa, MHHyTH b*b »H3hh rocyAapcTBa, KOi^a 
rocyAapcTBeHHaa Heo6xoAHMOCTb ctohtb Bbrine npaBa h KorAa HaAae- 
jkhtb BbiSapaTb MeacAy n.'hJiocTbH) TeopiM h ijijiocTbio OTeqecTBa... 
IlpaBHTejibCTBO npHMeT'b Mhpn w& Toro, qTofibi orpannqHTb cypoBHft 
aaKOH'b TOJibKO caMHMii HCKJiioqHTejiBHHMH cay^aaMH... Poccia, K0- 
BeqHO, cyai'beT'B OTJinqarb kpobb Ha pyitax-b naaaqeft orb kpobh Ha 
pyaax'b AoSpocoB'hcTHHX'B apaqefi, KOToptie npHirfmajra ea^tia qpes- 
iHiaiiHHa, Moacerb 6htb, Mipw, ho ct> oahhmt> TOJibKO ynoBaHieBTb, — 
aci^ijiHTb TpyAHO-6ojibHoro» **). 

KaK'b BHAHTe, les beaux esprits se rencontrent He TOJibKO b-b 
afimeifb HanpaBjieHiH TpaHciieHAeHTajibHO-aAMHHHCTpaTHBHofi apryaieH- 
TaijiH, ho h bt, AeTajiaxi). H Taarb, h SA^cb roBopHTca o neoSxoAH- 
mocth paspyniHTb npaBO W& cnaceHia rocyAapcTBa, BHjaMHBaTb 
ABepH HenpHKOCHOBeHHaro acnjiiima AJia cnaceHia saxBaqeHHuxi) no- 
acapoMij ooHTaTejiefi, npHMtHaTb k^ jrfcqeHiio fiojibHoro cpeACTBa, co- 
BopmeHHO He HAymia 3AopoBOMy qeiLOBtay. IIpaBAa, B'b piua npeA- 
cTaBHTejia Hamefl peciaBpan,iH He ynoMHHaeTca o MaHeBpax'b Kopafijia 
Ha fiypHOM-b Mopi. Ho Ha to BiAt Poccia, oco6eHHO no Tenepem- 
mhmi> BpeMeHaMii, npeHMyntecTBeHHo cyxonyTHoe rocyAapcTBO... 

H3Tb oOcToaTejiBCTBii, npa KOTopux'b nponieji'B BTopofi SaKOH-b, 
BaKa3HBaBHiift «MHTeambie kphkh ii hphshbt. wb 6yffry», cJitAyeT^ 
wb oco6eHHocTH ynoMHHyTB o KpoBoacaAHoarb HacTpoenin najaTH, 
•Maqajia acejiaBnieit, qToGbi Bee, — h B03rjiacH, h piqH, h KappHKa- 

*) Ibid., CTp. 258. 

**) Cm. o$$HijiajibHLifi CieHorpa^HfecKifl oTHen. Tocy- 
AApcTBeHHaa Ayua. Ceccia II. 3ac*AaHie aeBflToe, btophhkt>, 13 
MapTa 1907 r., CTp 514—517, passim (cjioBa npeACBAaTejia coBtTa mhhh- 

CTpOBl»). 



56 H. E. K y A H H H I. 



• 



Typn (npoTHBi, KopojescEoft ^aHHJUH), m pasBepTUBame RaRHX-B-iifii 
SHaiieH'L, Rpoict KopojieBCKHrB, h HomeHie okhx'l-jihCo R0Rapj>, 

«pOMt JierflTHMHCTCKHX'B CtjIBrTB, — HaRa3BIBajI0CB CHepTLK), flame eCJLM 

oh «8th nonuTKH He HiciJiH HHKaRoro peayjibTaxa h He 6mjeh 6h b* 
eB£3H hh ct> KaRHifB saroBopoirB*. Bo bchrojtb cjiy^ai, npjLBHTeiB- 

~CTBO CB yAOBOJIbCTBieifB npHHHJIO HOnpaBKH ROMMHC(5ift, pa^HKaiBH« 

■BirfeHflBinifl MHHHCTepcRifi saKOflonpoeKi-L, h, bt> rohi$ rohh;ob , b, no- 
jyqnjiafl saROH'B, ROTopuft HaRasuBaji'B 6eacpoqHoio ccijjirok) 3a np#- 
jijiBi #paHiUH (deportation), flase 6e3pe3yjiLTaTHue «rphrh, ptqif m 
nncaHLfl, BBipaaaromia yrposy noRymeHifl npoTHB* sh3hh h oco6m 

-COpOJia H IJieHOB'B ROpOJieBCROft $aMHJliH, HJIH npflMOft HJIH ROCBeHHUl 

npHSMB-L Kt HHcnpoBepseHiio npaBHTejibCTBa» h t. 4., a sa rpmrh 
h nncaHin, 3ao»qaBmie bi> ce6t npH3HaRH Heno^TeHiii r-b Ropoj» 
h ero A0M3; hah nojmcTpeRaTejEbCTBo kt> HenoBHHOBeHiK) BepxoBHoft 
BJiacTH h xapriH, rpo3Hjrs 3aoH)qeHieM , B wb Tiopbirfc ao hhth aira 1 
nrrpa^oiTB #o 20.000 $p. 

Ho poHjmcTU noHCTHHi npeB3onuiH cefia, Roiyja ,ne6aTHpoBajca 
Tpeiifi saROH'B, «npeBOTajiBHBix , B cy^ax-B^, RCTaTH cRasaiB BHeceHHHfi 
npaBHTejiBCTBOMnb corjiacHO sejaHinifB h yRasamflMTb flenyTaTOB-B h nt- 
poB'L, ROTopue nwjiaJiH HeTepnimeM'B co3jn;af b oco6ufi Tpu6yHa:n>, npucno- 
co6jieHHHfi AM «HeyRioHHaro» npoBefleHia flByx* tojibro itg bothpo- 
saHHiirB peaRuioHHBix'B saROHOB'B. IlpaBHTejBCTBeHHiift 3aROHonpoesrB 
soscTaHOBjiHjrB h #ase pacnrapjurB npeBOTajuBHyK) ropncflHRijiK) jp- 
peBOJiroiyoHHOft anoxH,Rorffa raR-B Ha3HBaeMtie pr6v0ts des marGchaux, 
hji oco6aro po#a BoeHHBie cyflBH, cy^HJin fiesanejuflijioHHo fipoprt, 
pa36ofiHHROB-B Ha 6osbnmTb floporaxx, coBepmaBmHX'B npecTynieHia 
cojiftarB, <$ajiBinHBBix r B MOHeTSHROB'B, BoopyseHHux'B aroaeft, co6m- 
paBfflHxca CRonoMi, h t. n. *). 

SaROH'B, BOTHpoBaHHLifl «HecpaBHeHHoft najiaTOfl* b*b Te^eme flByx* 
•aahaaHifi, a najiaToS nspoB'B h coBvkwb 6c;tl npemft, yqpeac^axi 
b'b RaacAOMTb .nenapTaMeHrb npeBOTajiBHBifi Tpn6yHajrB, cocTOHBmifi man* 
«npeBO» hjih BoeHHaro cy^bH, Hirfciomaro ram* He hhso nojiROBHHrta, 
isTb npe8H,n;eHTa h EWb ^eTHperB cyaefi, H36paHHBix r B Meamy cyaeft- 
crhm'b nepcoHajiOM'B nepBOfi HHCTaniUH. 3th TpnSyHajiBi cy^HJiH Bcfcx*, 
kto oSbhhhjich wb 6yHrb, ycTpoflcTBt MflTe»HHXTE» co6paHift, yqacTii 
wb BOopy&eHHBix'B mafiKaxT), cocTaBJieniH MHTeacHux'B npooaMan^, 
wb yrpo3axi> noRyuieHieM'B Kopojiio hjih qjieHaifB RopoJieBCROfi ^aiiHiiH, 
bt> npnsEiBi rpaxAaH'B r*b HHcnpoBepsemK) BepxoBHofi BjacTH h t. 1 
IlpeBO HMijn* npaBO B036yarAaTB cy^e6Hoe npecjiiflOBame hpothb«> 
BCHRaro, .nase fla ocHOBamn npocToro qacTHaro AOHOca. IIpHro- 
sopbi npeBOTajiBHaro cy^a He no^JiesajiH hh anejuiai^H, hh RaccaryLi 
m AOJiacHH 6hjih npHBOflHTBca wb HcnojiHeHie bte» Te^eHie CyTOBfc. 



*) Cm. CTaTbio „Prevot8 des marechaux* wh A. Cheruel, ,Dictiona&i?e 
historique des institutions, moeurs et contumes de la France"; 
IlapHXCb, 1865. 2-e H3fl , nacTb II, cTp. 1019—1020. 



yPOKH HCTOPIH. 57 

GlOBOH*, 3T0 6UA r b Q04TH lip006pa3 , B HaiHHX'B BOCHHO-flOJieBHrfc 
Cy^OFL. 

Ho eme *K)6onHTH4e caMoro 3aK0Ha 6ujm pascyacflema jmd6ht#- 
jefi «cnjibHoft BJiacTH* bo BpeMfl AeSaTQBt. HpHBefly otphbok'b hs* 
piiH HiKoero r. ^ronaeccH, KOTopufl, upoMi ysacHO npaBamaroca 
BciirB peaKiuoHepairL cpaBHema HacajibHHROB'b ct> «ao6pocob^cthlimh 
BpaiaMH», ocraHOBMca Ha j[K)6obhoS anojorin neucH: «TaxejLO, mh- 
jocTHBae rocyjjapH, o6paman» cboh bsoph Ha oGmecTBenHHH hsbh, 
Ha aecTOKia cpefldBa, kotophh mm ofiaaaHH ynoTpe6jraTb npoTHBi 
hhxb. Ho, nofloGHO Bpaqy, KOToparo He ocTaHaBjiHBaerb hh bhjvb 
•aiitLTL yacacHMXt paHt, k^kobhh oht> dapaeTca H3jrfciiHTb, hh ot- 
BparaTejiBHHfi BKycB jriiKapcTB'b, KaKOBHH oht» npnroTOBJiHeT'b, tto6h 

BHpBaTb 60JILHOrO H&b 06*BHTifi CMepTH, BH H6 yQOMTeCb 3aHHMaTb 

Banrb jwl sthmh neqajiLHUMH npe^MeTaMH... ^ojijkho nepeM-fcHHTb, 
MHJiocTHBHe rocyaapn, opy^ie Ka3HH. To, Koropoe 6hjio saBimaH* 
Hairb no^b npe^jioroM'b ryMaHHocra peBOJioiueft (robOTHHa. H. K.), 
6bmo OKpameHo cjhiukom'l qncTOH) h cjwniKOM'b cjiaBHOK) KpoBbro, 
*to6h ero mosho Obijuo othhh4 ynoTpe6jiHTb &m HaKasama 3a npe- 
•TyMeHie. Haarynnjio BpeMH, Kor^a, npoHHKHyrae stod Mucjibio, bu 
ipe^Jio»HTe 3aK0HT>, *rro6H B'b fiyflymearb hheto, ocyameHHbift na 
Ha cMepTL, He noflBeprajrca o6e3oaBJiHBaHiH). A noKa BosciaHOBHie 
ipH HcnojiHeHiH npHroBopoB'b npeBOTajibHaro cy.ua, Ka3Hb, KOTopa* 
ynoTpe6jiflj[acb HiKOiyja bo <&pamjiH... Hosop'b, conpoBOJKflaromiJi no- 
Bimeme, npoH3Be,n;erb enje dojiie 6jiaroTBopHoe #fcficTBie, I'fcM'b caMa 
Ka3Hb> *)... 

H 3Toi"b A iI $ H P aM 6 , B B'b qecTb ueTJiH 6hun> HeMHoro no3se no- 
BTopem> eme noflpofiflie B r L p-fciH npoitypopa TpHHKajiara, KOTopafi, 
Ha saciflaHin napjiaMeHTapHofi kommhccIh, «vh yjiij6Kofi Ha ycTarb* 
h tcaMHirb cjiaARHM-b rojiocoiTb* 3aroBopHjn» nepefl'b cbohmh TOBa- 
pan^aMH no 6topo Taira: «B'b TaKia BpeMeHa, Kama mh huh* nepe- 

XHBaeM'b, HaflO pa3HTb CHJIbHO, 6bICTpO H B'b B03M0HCH0 60JIbHieMt 

HHCJii cpasy; ho nofloSHaa peupeccia TpyflHa c% rajcbOTHHofi, 3thm% 
o^eHb cjioaHHM'b, cTparano TaacejiHM'L HHCTpyMeHTOM'b, KOToparo ho^th 
Hejibsa nepeB03HTb. CTapHfi cnocofi'b Ka3HH He npeflCTaBjiaerb hh 
•AHoro TaKoro HeyAo6cTBa: Hy, r^t Hejibsa HafiTH Kycaa BepeBKH, 
hj[h Aa«e npodoft 6HqeBKH? BcaKifi, Kpoiii Toro, MoaceT'b hochtb ee 
B'b KapMaffh, h noBCK)fl;y HafiAGTca Taoce rB03^b, 6ajiKa hjih #peBec- 
Hafi cyK*b, ^To6bi noBicHTb ee. TaKHMTb o6pa30M , b, a jsfi^ssjch Tor* 

MfffeHlfl, ^TO Ha^O OCTaBHTb THJIbOTHHy H B03BpaTHTbCfl K'b CTapoMy 

MeTo#y» *). 

ECJIH aAMHHHCTpai;LH h cyA'b «peCTaBpHpOBaHHOfi» MOHapilM 

h He sjioynoTpefijiHJiH rpoMorjiacHHMH 3aaBjieHiHMH bo BKyci Kpouo- 
aca^Haro lOMopHda TpHHK3-iara, to h 663^ netjiH, npH nowion^H Tperb 



*) Dulaure, IV, CTp. 294—295. 
**) Vaulabelle, IV, CTp. 208, n 



CTp. 208, npHM. 



58 h s e. k y a p ii h 'h. 

lOTHpoBaHHtix'B 3aK0H0BT>, cb ycnixoarB B03BpamaJIH KO BCijlTB <CTa- 
ptrnt MeTojiaMTb» CTaparo pesHMa. Xopoino rapMOHHpoBajrB ob 
9thmt> ofimHM'B nojioaceHieM'B Bemeft h Taira HasupaeMiafi «3aK0H% 

©fit aMHHCTiH», KOTOptlft eCJIH H He JTAOBJieTBOpHJl'L CaMUXT, KpafiHHXt 
pOflJIHCTOBI., OCTaBHIHXCfl Bt flaHHOMt CJiyiat HCAOBOJIbHUMH «Mflr- 
KOCTLH) KOpOJItf* H «CJia6oCTBR) npaBHTejiBCTBa*, TO, BT> CyEHHOCTM, 

6Hjn> He Mtpofi safiBeHia, a caMofi uoajihhhoE npocKpnnijioHHoE Mtpoft. 
H6o, ecjiH iiepBufi ii4,parpa$-B btoto saaoHa npoBoarJiainajrB aMHHCTiio 
rbTb, kto «npaMO hjih KOCBeHHO npnHHMa.it yiacTie bt. B03CTaHiH 
wh y3ypnaijiH HanojieoHa*, to cjrfcAyiomie naparpa^w bboahjih cy- 
H^ecTBeHHoe orpammeme bt> 8Ty o6myK\ $opMyjiy, ocTaBJiflH b*b chj4 
cyae6Hoe npeofliAOBame h H3rHaHie Bctxt jibi^, o6o3HaieHHHX'b vb 
yKast Kopojra orb 24-ro inus 1815 r. ^bcTaxoiHo CKa3aTB, hto ecu 
na ocHOBamH yKa3a 6ujih coBepmeHBi nojHTHqecirifl y6ificTBa noi- 
KOBHHKa JIa69Aoflepa h Mapmajia Hea, to Ha ocHOBamn 3aK0Ha o6t 
iMH^CTin Stum cyAHMH h no 6ojLHiea tooth npnroBopeHH ira CMepTB: 
aAMHpajrB JlHHya, hojikobhhk'b ae-IIapejuo, renepajiKi ,3,e6ejuiB, Tpaso, 
Jpyo, KaM6poHHi, niyTpam., MtejiBTOHt, MyTOHt-JIjOBepHa, rpiofiep*, 
repoH^ecKie 6paTBH . <&onia h t. a-, h t. #.; tphai^tb BOceMB ije- 
hob*b KOHBeHTa h «n,apey6iilivB» oTnpaBJifljiHCB Bt H3rHaHie, h t. h. 
A rhwb BpeMeneMt BceB03Mo«Haro poAa Tpn6yHajiu, h, npe»A© Bcero, 
ipeBOTajiBHHe, ofipyniHBajiH acecToqafimie upHroBopH Ha rojiOBy a»- 
jeft, npHHa.pefflamHX'B ko Bvbwb oaccaarB oSmecTBa: MeAHKOBB r 

$a6pHKaHT0B'B, aABOKaTOBli, HOTaplyCOBB, pafioqHX'B, OTCTaBHBIX'B 

•OJiAarB. TiopBMH 6ucTpo nepenojiHHJiHCB, oco6eHHO 6jaroAapfl ijHp- 
xyjiapy MHHHCTpa nojimjiH orB 26-ro MapTa 1816 r., ijHpayjiapy, wb 
KOTopoifB ^eKast guara npe^eKiaMt caima oSuiapHBifi nojiHOiio^ia 
jjih «oxpaHeHLH 6e3onacHocTH», raicB KaKt npeAocTaBJuaurB hxt> TaKTy 
h np0HHn,aTejiBH0CTH cyameme o Tom, Koro, co6cTBeHHO, c.TfeAyeTi 
pasyM^TB noA^ qpeBaTUMt rpo3HBiMH HeAopa3yMtHiaMii HMeHeMt 
«BparoBi> rocyjn;apcTBa». 

IlepenojiHeHie Tfopearc* sacTaBjnauio npe^cTaBHTejiefi MtcTHofl BjacTM 
ipn64raTB k*b saM^H'b 3aoio i iefiifl BLicujiKaMH h cctuiKaMH, BOABope- 
Hieinb ocyatAeHHHX'B hjih npocTo noA03ptBaeMiixi» Ha ApyroMt KOHi^i 
#paHi;iH ot*b hx*b oSnqHaro MtcTcacHTejiBCTBa. MyacbH pasjiyrajmoB 
vh acenaMH, po^HTejiH cb a*tbmh. BpeTOHi^a BHCHJiajiH mi> PeHHa bs 
MapcejiB, acHTejia TpeHofijia OTnpaBJiajiH no^t Ha^opt noJiHiuH b*b 
Bopjio. 

IIoBcioAy o6pa30BajiCH, «KaKT> bt> caaiBifl xyAinia BpeMeHa P^MQRof 
ijinepiH*, — no cjiOBaarB yMtpeHHaro ncxopHKa pecTaBpan,iH (KOTopuf 
TenepB 6h cAtjiajrB Apyroe cpaBHeme), — «oaccB npo$eccioHajiBHRix^ 
iinioHOB'B*: oth HeroAHii, noompneMBie jierKOBtpieM'B HtKOTopBix , B 

aAMHHHCTpaTOpOB'B H OCOSeHHO 0$HIU03HUX'B nOJLHRift, COCTaBJieH- 

BBixt BOKpyrB npHHii.eB'B KopojieBCKaro AOMa KypTHsanaMH, KOTopBie no- 
AOsptBajiH b4phoctb Aaace caMBxt mhhhctpobb, nHTajin CMiuiyK) HaAeHAI 
cocTaBHTB ceSt Kapbepy, 3JioynoTpe6jiaH sthm^ AOB*pieM*B cb nfbjibm 



i 



ypoiiH HCTOPIH. 59 

ry6HTb HeBHHHWxi>» *). Hffue u&b hmxt* micaM npoBOnaiuoHaiJfl 

HHChlfa KT> paaHtlMT), 3a^aCTyK) HMt HeH3B*fcCTHbIM , b JHO^flMt, H IIOTOM'B 

cam* ase nepexBaraBajrn 3th nHCbMa h npeflCTaBJiflJiH hxt> no Ha- 
laitCTBy. ^pyrie ycvrpaHBajiH otkpmto 6iopo mnioHCTBa h 3aBeJiH. 
cHej^iajbHUfl khhhi kjiji flOHoeoBt, itoTopbie ohh KOHijeHTpHpoBajiH h 
ornpaBjfljiH BJiaarflM'b. II Bee sto, 3aMtTbTe, lepn^JOCB h flarae no- 

OmpjJJIOCb M^CTHMMH npeflCTaBHTeilflMH BJiaCTH, KOTOpHe 6e3KOETpOJIbHO. 

ynpaBJiajiH BBtpeHHHMH nMT> OKpyraMw; noayqaaacb 3HaK0Maa Haarb 
KapTBHa aBTOHOMHHX'b caTpaniS. 

Oco6eHHO OTJHqujicfl b^ btom-l cmhcjA rpeHo6jibcirift reHepajn> JlflR- 
Ha,fl,be, ira* KOTopoMy Tait'b h xoieTCH npni^f>nHTf> iimh o^Horo^i3*b caMbixb 
HaniBxij aneprHiHHXT, reHepajiOBii-<ycMHpnTe.ieil». Owb yMiimaenHO 
pasflyji'b nycTyio AffccTHyro KOHcnnpaijiK/ 6oHanapTHCTOB'b, HacqHTHBaB- 
inHxt Bpfl^^ an Sojiie jpyx'b-Tpex'b coTeHT), n nocjara cjiiJAyromyio 
jenemy MHHHCTepcTBy. «^a 3ApaBCTByerb Kopoabl Tpyma ero BparoBt 
ycfciiBawrb bc* floporn BT> oiipecTHocTflX'b TpeHoSjifl. Y MeHH Hfrn» 
BpeiienH nncaTb: Mory mibito CKa3an> BaineMy BLicoitonpeBOcxofln- 
TejbCTBy, hto Bofic-Ka Ero BejiiiqccTBa noKpujiH ce6n cjiaBofi. Bb iioji- 
Bonb ropu ocBtTHjiHCb orHAMn HHcyppeiujin bo Bcefi iipoBnprn.iH... fl 
cHOBa caacycb Ha jioHiaAt — CqaTajorb, qTo qncjio pa3(5oftHHKOB r b, aTa- 
KOBaBniHX'b ropo^i,, npocTiipajiocb ^o qeTHpexT. THCflqi>» **). Eme 
GTpamnie 6li.io nncbMo, noaiaHHoe renepajioarb ^oHHa^be BoeHHbnrb 
KOMeHAaHiaM'b JliOHa h BaJiaHca: bt> Hearb roBopnjiocb o KpoBonpo- 
iHTHofi 6iitb% KOTopaa npoflOJHKajiacb Tpn qaca, npuqewcb KpyroM-b, 
bt> neTHpexBepcTHOMT) pafliyci, rpeMtjn> nenpepHBHbifl pyacefinnfi oronb. 
Ha caMOMT. me ufajii njioxo BoopyacoHHEifi OTpa^t MflTeaGHHKOB'b pa3- 
CHnajica npn nepBOM'b 8a.in-b, ocTaBHB-b Ha Mtcrfc mecTb TpynoB'b 
a Meac^y coj^aTaMH hhkto ho 6uji , b paHemb. 

Ho reHepajix nocburaerb jjenenin h nncbMa npaBHTejibCTBy h cs> 
paAOCTbio bhahtl, qTO hstj ctojuihh cjiijiyeT'b npHKasi, o BBeAeHiH 
ocaflHaro nojioaceHin bo Bcesix HsepcKoafb .nenapTaMeHrfc h o npHHa- 
TiH 9KCTpeHHbix , b AitpTE. bo BctxT> OKpyacaBD^HXTb AenapTaMOHTaxiu. 
npeBOTajibHHfl h BoeHHbifi cyAH npHroBapHBarorb kx CMepm 21 qe- 
jiOBtaa: 14 pa3CTpijiaHbi HeMe,u,JieHHO, a ocTajibHbie, B r b tomt> qacjit 
luecTHaOTaTH-Ji'feTHifi MajrbHHK'b, Ha cj^yiomifi ,a;eHb no npnKa3aHiro 
UOHTpajibHofl BJiacTH. Km^ BpeMeHeMTE. 6paBbifi reHepajnb mj&QYb 
yKa3i>i, npeBbiuiaBniie ero nojmoMoqis .naace b-b 3to KpoBaBO-6e3yMsoe 
BpeMfl. Oht* opraHH3yeT"b HacToamiH o6.iaBbi na OKpecTHiix'b MyacH- 
kobti. BoflKifi, bt. HbOMi* ^om4 6yAen> nafineH'b HHcypreflT^, pa3CTpt- 
jiHsaeTCH, sHjiHn^e cpaBHHBaeTCH cl seMJiefi. Bcaaifi, y Koro HaiiAyT'L 
oxoTHHqbe pyacbe, npeji;aeTCH cMepm, a aomt> Toace pa3pymaeTca #o 
ecHOBaHia... 

CKopo, 6aaroAapii pasoojiaqeHiflMi, conepHHqaBmaro cb reHepa.ioM u 



*) Viel-Castel, V, cTp. 183. 
**) Viel-Castel, ibid., CTp. 98. 



60 H. E. K 7 j( P H H l. 

npe$eKTa, h cB'fcA'fcHiflM'b, cofipaHBWMT) Ha irfccrfc, npaBHTejbara* 
ysHaerB, *ito 6br.no stepTBofl yacacaiomeft MHCTH$HKan;iH. Ho neiba* 
me KOJie6aTb aBTopHTeTa flodnecTHaro BOHTeJia? H bote ^OHHaflM 
ohjit> narpajEAeu'B thtjjiomt, BHKOHTa, c^jaHT> KOMManjxopoM'B opAeoa 
cb. JlroflOBHKa, noJiyqHJi'b 100.000 $p. HarpanHHX'b. (Ero conepHHrt, 
rrpe$eKTB, nojrymjrb 3Bame rocyaapcTBeHHaro coBtTHHKa). H aojii* 
eme pojuiHCThi upocjiaBjui.iH coRpymHTeJUi «rHjo;pij peB0JH0D,iH», cTas- 
inaro hxt> h^ojiom'b... 

MHTaTejiL, MO»en> 6utl, yjiHBJiaeTCfl, *rro, roBopa o BceBOBMO*- 
hmx'b npecjit^OBaHiflXTb Bt 9noxy.napoKCH3Ma peam^in, npoKHHyBineficji 
Bt Ha^aji* Bxopofi pecTaBpan;iH, a He ynoMHHaio HHqero o npeciijo- 
BaHiaxTi noBpeMeHHoit ne^aTH h o Kapaxi, jKypHajwcTOBTb. Ho &*> 
o^Hofl cTopoHH, coSctbohho, nepioaHqecKafl npecca Hirbjia B'b to BpeMa 
Majo 3Ha<?eHia. Bx 1814 r., Korjia Bwpa6aTUBajca 3aK0Hi> o «cbo- 
ooA , fe> neiaTH h ueH3ypa CHHMaaacb ct> npoH3BefleHift, HMiBniHXf* 
Gojrfce 20 jihctob'b, HHKOMy H3t JlHKyproB'b pecTaBpanjH h b^ rojioBy 
He npHxoflHjio o6e3onacnTb ce6a ijeH3ypoft npoTHB'b raaerb: Taicb pfcflM 
h Majio pacnpocTpaneHbi oh4 6hjih bt> 8Ty anoxy. H noTOMy ^peaoiwi 
6ujih HanpaBjieHH Tor.ua npoTHB'b neineBHX f b h hm6ko pacxojpBniHxe* 

SpomiOp'b, B'b JEHCTb HJIH OKOJIO TOTO, COCTaBJIHBmilX'b H3JIK)6jieHHy» 

<£opMy ofimeHia nncaTejiea cte. ny6jiHK09. Ct* jipyrofi CTopoHH saKOHt 
o ((MHTeacHHX'b KpiiKaxT** Hapa.iHSOBajTb cbohmh acecTOKHMH HaKasa- 
HiHMH BCJiKoe acejiaHie h B03MoacnocTb unsi Maao-MajibCKH jraOepaii- 

HLIX'b nyfijIHD.HCTOB'b BbipaiKaTb CBOH B3rJIflfl;bI no BOnpOCaMT* JH*. 

JlHnib yjibTpa-MOHapxH^ecKin Spomiopbi pacxo^HJiHCb cbo6oj;ho, Ha no- 
j;o6ie HaniHX'b qepHocOTeHHbix'b jhctkob'b h, HecMOTpa Ha HeBipoHTHt 
pfettia Hana^eHia Ha «H3M , BHHHKOB , b»-MHHHCTpoB'b h .aasKe'Ha canioro 
lopojia 3a Heaejiame BHcaymaTb roaocb «HCTHHHaro Hapo.ua> h «oo- 
KpymHTb Bcfcx^ 3jioA , BeB'b» (bto onaTb-TaKH Rain, y Hacb) noqTH hi- 
Kor^a He npecjii^OBajiHCb. H3Tb npecjrfc.n.oBaHifi pecny6jiHKaHCKoft n©- 
pioAHqecttofi npeccH BtiflaeTca TOjibKO npoijeccb npoTHB'b ^caKexrart 
KapjHKa», uepeiiMeHOBaBmaro ce6a saT^Mi* B'b. «TpextjB*fcTHaro Kap- 
jiHKa*. 

3a to 6e3npecTaHHHH npecjit^OBaHia BbinajiH Ha hojih) BoeHHEEPb 

H CBtTCKHX'b JlOJIffiHOCTHHXTb JIHIfb H qHHOBHHKOB'b, BnJIOTb «0 CaMblX'fc 

MejiKHX'b cjiymaniiHX'b, no ( n,03p , BBaeMbix , b B'b He ( a;ocTaTO^HOM'b JierHTi- 
MH3Mt. crHcTHHHo-(|)paHn;y3CKifi» aHrjHqaHHH r b Th^ (no HacToamenf 
XafeA'b) jte-HeBHjiJib npe^Jiaraji'b OTM-fcHHTb Ha roA'b HecMtHaeMOCTb cy- 
j,efi, n najiaTa vb BOCToproM^ npHHHJia 9Ty pesojuouiro. Boo6ni;e bt> Te*w- 
Hie nepBofl nojiOBHHH 1816 r. 6hjio OTCTaBjieHO qpesBH^afiHo mhoto ra- 
nepaJiOB'b, npe^eKTOB'b, no.naTHHX'b T iHHOBHHKOB r b, MapoBTi, HapoflnLnrb 
y^iHTejiefi, ceJibCKHX'b c.Topoacefl, no^TajibOHOBTb, KypbepoB'b h t. a. To 6hi# 
?jHaMeHHToe «o^nnteHie> affMHHHCTpaTHBHaro nepcoHajia ott> JiH6epa»- 
hrxtj njieBejiTb. H o^Hofi m-h rjiaBHbix'b npyacHH'b 9Toff onepanjH 6hjw 
j,aBjieHie «npaBHTejibCTBaaHTpecoM», «TafiHaronpaBHTejibCTBa», — mh6k 
irasaJiH Tenepb: «KaMapnjibH», «3Bt3AHofi naaaTBi», — KOTopos rpyi«i- 



yPOKM HCiOPJH. 61 

p obmogb BOKpyn> 6paia KopoM, rpa$a A'Apiya, Oyjymaro Kapia X^ 
a ciaraaocb as* ctopohhhrob'b caMuxi> peTporpaAHux'B ui^b h sa- 
uuiTHHKOB'b B08BpameHia k*b cTapoMy pesHMy bt> ero ijijroirB. 



IV. 

3aKaHiHBaa M3o6paaceHie axoro nepBartf, b'b* HSBicxHoarB oxHOine- 
na HaH6ojrfce peaMtfoimaro, uepio^a Bxopoft pecxaBpaitia, npe^daB- 
jwromaro ctojibro aHaJiorifl cb coBpeiteHHofl Poccieft, irai xorhjiocK 
tu bb camuxt o6m t ax r b nepxax'B yKasaTB a Ha ero paBHuuy cb Ha~ 
hihmt> uojioaKeHieM-L Bemefi. A ^Jia Toro a AOJiaeHt 6yny npoABH- 

HJTLCa BT> HCTOpiH peCTaBpaitfH HtCROJIBKO Aaju>nie pa3CMOTp4HHOfi 

mhok) fiojrhe hjb MeHie hoapo6ho anoxa h no bo3mo«hocth BKpaxn^ 
«6pHC0BaTb cmbicjuj ^JbHtflniHxt coGuTiii. Mei bba^Jib, qio «lle- 
cpaBHeHHaa naaaTa* Jiwonjia GTapBifi pesaifB «bo *ito 6m to hh crajio» 
m cTapajacb B03craH0BHTB KopojieBCKyio BJiacTB bo BceS ea Heorpa- 
HHieHHofi nojiHorh. Ho airfea b*b BBAy btotl, t2lkt> cRa3aTB, aficrp^RT- 
HHfi HAeajiT), OHa ynoTpeCaajia Ha nyTH Kb HeMy Taaie npaRTH*iecRi& 
ipieMH, KOTopue HMeHHO nonpuBajiH frry noaHOTy h, Hao6oporB, Bep- 
xoBHOfi BjiacTH Ropoaa npoTHBonoaarajiB BceMoryn^ecTBO HapoAHar** 
ipejcTaBHTejLCTBa. «HecpaBHeHHaa naiiaTa* BnepBHe cepLe3H0 pa- 

80fflJiaCI> B r B JIHltfl CBOHXX KpafiaBX'B JierHTBMBCTOB'B OB MHHHCTep- 

«tbomt» noBonpocy o6*b «aMHHCTia», ROTopaa efi noKasaaacB ycrynRoft 
P6bojik)iiJh. Eme fiojrfce pi3R0 OHa CTaaa Ha nosBy onnosmjia wb no- 
ciiAyromie MicaijLi cBoero cymecTBOBama. TaK'B, Kor^a bt> Komj't 
1815 r. MHHBCTepcTBO bhocjio bt> najiaTy saROHonpoeRTB o BBtfopax-B, 
iM^Bmifi n,4wiLH) a^tb npeoGaaAaHie bt> H36apaTeJibHOM , B Kopnycfe 
ipaBHTeJBCTBy, KOTopoe npeTeHAOBaao bbocth, phaom-b cb HeSojiBmHM'B 

UCJIOlTb Ha6HpaieJiefi IjeH30BHR0B*B, nO^TH BC'hX'B qHHOBHHROB'B Bl> 

bh6ophhh KOMeriH, to «HecpaBaeHHaa» BHABHHyjia hpothbt* axoro 
apoeETa CBofi KOHTpTb-npoeKTB, AasaBinili, Hao6oporB, piniHTejiBHO* 
mpeoCjiaAaHie RpynHoft coSctbohhocth. \H aTa npoijeAypa no Tony »<* 
Bonpocy noBTopnjiaeB eme pas^: npaBHTejiBCTBO TaK'B h He motjic*- 
ipoBecTH cBoero njiaHa h npn axoM r B ycjiLiiuajio co cRaiiefi yjibTpa- 
poaiHCTOB'B HpoHHqecidfi coBtrB — npaMO Ha3HaiaTb yroAHHX-B ero 
cepAAy AenyTaTOBii, a He npaStraTB k^ KOMeAia bh6opobt>, ^to6h 
HanojinaTB napjiaMeHrB cbohmh RpeaTypaMa. 

To^ho TaRace, RorAa MHHHCTepcTBO, Heaaa ynpo^HTB pascTpoeHHHe 
wb KOBc^Tb BoflaaMH ^HHaHCH, npeAJioHHiio yBeJiH^HTB Hajiora na nose- 
MeiBHyio coficTBeHHocTB h noABepmyTB oTqyfflAeHiio rocyAapcTBeHHBie 
jica, to Taace yjiBrpa-poajiHCTCRaa najaTa npoTHBOCTaBHja aTOMy 
ipeAJio&eHiK) CBoe, RjionaBmeeca r*b nepeHeceHiio hobhx'b HajroroBi> 
h& naTeHTH, t. e. Ha iipoMLimjieHHue a ToproBLie RanaTajiu. OrB 
apoAasRH se rocyAapcTaeHHBLX'B jitcoB'B OHa ptmaTejiBHO oiRasajiacb, 
t^HTaa, hto TaK'B RaK*B GoJibfflaa uacxb bxt> oTHOcajiacB ao peBOjtioi^itt 



< 2 H. E, K y ]( P H H 'b, 

KT> UepKOBHHM'L HMymeCTBaMT>. TO HXT> H HaflO B03BpaTHTb HJXQ- 

BeHCTBy. daBi. ptunnejibHo Ha nyTb onno3HijiH, «HecpaBHeHHM» 
upuHHja oflHy 3a apyrofl Taitia peooJUDitfii, K&wb yBejraqeHie »aao- 
BaHbfl AyxoBeHCTBy, Boyco3AaHie i^epKOBUtixt HMymecxBt h HMymecTBt 
«MepTBOfi pyKH», hjih pasjiHqHbix'b pejinrio3Hbix'b yqpesfleHifi, nepe- 
Aaqa HapoflHaro npocBimenifl bte> pyKH onaTb-TaKH ayxoBencTBa, nojy- 
qaBniaro npaBO Bbicniaro pyKOBO^mejibCTBa B'b mKOJiax'b, h t. j. 
M ecjiii npoTHBT> HtuoTopux^ irbp'b (HanpHMtpt, OTM^HBI 3aK0Ha 
pa3B0At), npaBHTcibCTBO, xoae He OT.iHqaBiueecH jm6epajiH3M0irb, 
HH^ero He B03pajKa.io, to oho 6hjo, Haofioporb, KpaflHe nepenyraHO 
caMOCToaTejibHLiMH ajuiopaMH najiaTH bt> c$ept fiioflaceTa h BOo6me 
(|)HHaHCOB'L, KOTopne cjiyauum fijiHacaflmero MHUieHbio 3KcnepHMeHTain» 
yjibTpa-poajiHCTOBTj, He 6ohbhihxch nepeTacoBbiBaTb no CBoeMy skohomh- 
uecKie HJiaHbi npaBHTeJibCTBa, Jiamb 6u c;io»HTb ct> ce6a nofiojibme 
HajioroBT), nepe6pocnTb 3HaqHTejibHyK) qacTb nxt Ha npoMunjjeHHOCTb 
h o6e3ne^nTb .ayxoBeHCTBO. 

Ein,e cTpaHHte 9Ta onnosKmoHHaa pojib yjibTpa-poaJiHCTOB'b CTaia 
nocjrfc yaasa 5 ceHTHopa 1816 ro^a, yicaaa, KOTopuft pacnycaajTb He 
B'b Mipy ycep^Hyro h KpaflHe HenoKopHyio na.iaTy h Ha3Haqajrb hobhc 

Bfil6opbI, 3aKOHqHBHlieCH, Kaifb HSBtCTHO, TOpHCeCTBOM'b npaBHTejb- 

cTBeHHoii, yMtpeHHo-KOHcepBaTHBTiofl hjih .naace,— KaK/b Kasajiocb Torja 

flpOTHBHHKaM'b peaKltfH, — .1H6epaJILH0ft nOJLHTHKH. OqyTHBHIHCb Vh 

HOBofl najiarfc B'b MeHbinHHCTB* (hxt, 6hjio npn6jiH3HTejibH0 100 npo- 
THB'b 160), KpafiHie jeniTiiMHCTH noBeJin npoTHBT. npaBHTeJibCTBa m 
ero yMtpeHHO-JiHoepajibHO-KOHcepBaTHBHaro 6ojibinnHCTBa He MeHic 
oflcecToqeHHyn) KaMuaHiro, qiM-b h paHbme, ho yace Ha cefi pa3i> b% 

POJIH 3amHTHHK0B f b CBOGOHH. JlnqHaH HenpHKOCHOBeHHOCTb, CBoSoja 

neqaTH, He3aBHCHM0CTb HsoHpaTeaell, npaBHJibHoe cyA0npoH3B0ACTB0,~ 

BCt 3TH A^fiCTBHTeJIbHO HpeKpaCHHfl H fltfiCTBHTeJIbHO HeoOxO/JHMbUI 

&m KyjibTypHaro rocyjjapcTBa Benju HaxofliuiH bt> hhx'b ropflqHXT* 
cTopoHHMKOB'L, Tor^a KaKTb, BT> ciuiy jiio6onbiTHaro HCTopHqecitare 
chass6-crois6 h nepeBrhHU nosHnjfi, Torflaiimie «jm6epajiH» bt» najiark 
ctohjih jiHHib 3a nojiyMtpu h no.wpJKHBajiH MHHHCTepcTBo, Kor^a 
oho cMarqajio BOTHpoBaHHue ace «HecpaBBeHHofi najaTofi» aaKOHH, 
KpafiHe orpaHuqHBaBinie JinqeyK) HenpHKOCHOBeHHOCTb, hjih ocjia6iaio 
rHerb i^eHsypbi HaA'b raseTaiin. 

TaKTb H.IH HHaqe, co3Aanajiocb nojionceHie, KOTopoe j&jio hobo^ 
Jlyn-BjiaHy c^JiaTb TOHKoe h B'b oSmeMij Btpnoe 3aMtqaHie, 6pocaBraee 
cBiTx Ha BHyTpeHHift cmucjite. nojiHTHqecKofi 6opb6w, HanojHHBme* 
cbohmT) myM0MT> h 3aqacTyro cbohmT) ffpaMaTHqecKHM'b 6jiecKOM , b secb 
nepioA^ pecTaBpau,iH, BiuioTb ao irojibCKoft peBGJiioniiH: «Bt> rjiasax* 
(J)eoAa.ibHofi napTiH, KaK'b h B'b rjiasax'b napTiH 6ypacya3Hofi, Kopo- 
.leBCKan BjiacTb 6bijia CKopte opyAieMT), qtMT> npHHijHiioM'b. HoaToiiy, 
Kor^a 3Ta BJiacTb cTajia 0Ka3WBaTb no^epacKy 6ypwya3ia, to $eoflajibHa* 
iiapTia AOJiacHa 6bua yKpuTbcn 3a napjaMeHTapHyro BJiacTb h saro- 

BOpHTb HSblKOMT) HOJHTHqeCKHX'b CB060AT>. A KOI^a KOpOJIOBCKafl BJiaCTb 



/ 



yPOKH HCTOPIH. 63 

no^HHHJiacb, Hao6opoT , B, bstjisa^wb h cTpacTaM-B $eo«ajiBHofi napiiH, 
to HacxynHJia oqepeab 3a 6ypacya3ieft aTaKOBaTB tpofl bo hmh cbo- 
ooah. TaKt o6T>acHflK)Tca npoTHBoptqifl h aHOMaaiH, hs'b ROTopuxt 
(MaraeTca nojiHTHqecEoe flBHseHie pecTaBpau.iH* *). 

Bt> cymHOCTH, Kara roBopHT'B bo MHorHxt MicTaxi CBoero Tpy^a 
TOJibKO qTO n;HTHpoBaHHbifi HaMH aBTopT., ocHOBHaa 6opb6a nuia Mesjy 
KopojeBCKofi BjacTBK) h upHHu.HiioM'b HapoflHaro cyBepeHHTeTa. Byp- 
jKyaaia ace, KOTopaa aBmaacb HCTopHqecKoft peBOJiioijioHHoft chjoI 
aTofl anoxH, «xorfcjia nopa6oTHTb ceet KopojteBCKyio BJiacTb, ho He 
paapymafl*. He to mean, KattTb nn bh^jih, iipecjiiflOBajia h abophh- 
c*aa napria, xoTa h pacTeaaaeb bt» CBoefl jiioobh Kt «kopojik) b© 
ito 6h to hh CTa.Jio»? OqeBHftoo, bte» caMOMt npiiHijHn'k HapojjHaro 
irpeflCTaBHTejibCTBa jiemnrb BHyTpeHHaa CHJia pasBHTia, KOTopaa 3acTa- 
Bjaen> ctopohhhkobt> HeorpaHHqeHHoB Bjiacra HcnoBiflOBaTb, B* 
kohh,* kobi^ob'l, BceMorymecTBo HapjiaMeHTapHaro npaBJCHia, Kaic* 
xoTa 6h npB6jm3BTejiLHaro BHpaaceBia hcthbhoS HapoflEofi bojih. 

HO npH HOMOHIH KaKHXT* peaJIBBUXT. CHJTL, BH'fcmHHX'L CHJIt BHy- 

TpeHHaa CH.ia nojiHTHqecKOfi sbojiioiuh HH3Bepriia cTpofi pecTaBpaijia? 
Bt> KOHU'b kohd;ob , l 1 npH noMoma HapoflHux'b Macct, noTOMy qTO, KaKHMa 
ApaMaTHqecKHMii 9$$eRTaMH hh OTjiaqajincb cTOJiKHOBema 6opK)m;Hxca 
naprifi wb nepiojvb ott» naflefria HanojieoHa ,a,o najjema CTapmefi JiHHin 
Byp6oHOBi>, peaKijia He 6uJia nooiacAeHa, nosa o<j,Ha h3t> BpajKflyionuix'b 
CTopoHT*, xoTa BHaqajit ct> onacKOio, ct> KOJiedameMTb, He ofipaTajiacb 
sa noMombK) kt> pa6o*ieMy oaccy: b^ 1830 ro^y napajscirift npojie- 
TapiaTi., noA'b npejj.BOflHTe.ibCTBOM'b 6yp3Kya3ia, pa36ajrb «CTapuft nopa- 
&OKb» Ha CappHKa.iax'b, KOTopbia He Bos^Burajnicb bt* cTO.iHii.'b ct> 
caMaro naqajia $poH,ni>i bt» 1648 ro#y. OiiHaKO, bt> tomt. <{>aKTi, qTO 
TpeTbe coc-ioBie npn3Bajio kt> 6opb6t qeTBepToe jniinb no HCTeqema 
iiecTHaAuaTH Jiirb co BpeMemi BOSBpanjeHia BypSoHOB'b, CKa3biBaJiacb 
He tojibko po6ocTb BoacaKOB'b KpynHofi h cpe^nefi 6ypacya3in, ho caiioe 
cocToanie yMOBT, Bii Tpy^fln^Hxca Maccax^. PeBOJifoi^ioHHbia oypH h 
BofiHH KoHcyjiaTa h HMnepiii bt> TaKoil cieneHH yTOMHjiH napofl'b, 
KOTopbifi, rjiaBHHMTi oopasoM'b, ii nocTaBjiajrb HHcyppeKn;ioHHoe, nyrae^t- 
Hoe h no,a;aTHoe maco, ^to Ha,a;o 6lijio npofiTH cpaBHiiTe.ibH0 3Haqa- 
TejbHOMy npoMeacyTKy BpeMean, npeHc^e qianb Tpy^ameeca oojibiHHHCTBO 
Hai^iH motjio B03CTaH0BHTb niraHTcaia HS^epHCKH MycKy.ibHofi h HepBHofi 
3Hepria, pacTpaqenaoii hitl bt> acnojiHeHHbifi Be.iHKiiMH TpeBOJiHeaiaMH 
nepiOATb 1815—1830 rr. 

KpoMt Toro, rpoMajjHaa qacTb Tpy^amaxca Maccb ^paHn;iH dbuia 
npcACTaBJieHa wh to Bpeivia ce.ibCKHM'b HacejieHieM'b, cocTaBJiaBmnBTb 
ioqTH Tpn qeTBepTH oSmaro qncjia acHTejiefl (Ha py6eatf* pecTaBpan.iH 
i iiojibCKofi MOHapxia bt» ^epeBHaxTb acHJio KpyrjiHM'b qacJioM'b 24 mhji- 
jdoHa Hsi) 32). IlpH 3T0MT, Tor^aniHifi Me.iKifi KpecTbaHBHt, flo6paB- 



*) Louis Blanc, Histoire de dix ans (1330—1840); napn^Kt, nojHoo 
HJiJiiDCTpHpoBaHnoe HB^aHie 1882 r. bt> ^ByxT> TOMaxt, t. I, cxp. XVIII „BBe- 

.MfimSL". 



64: H. K k y fl P H H 1>. 

mifica ao BaafffcHia cbo6o,hhok) co6ctb6hhoctbk) npn peBOiion.iH h Hand- 
jeoHt, jkhjtb aobojibho cnoEoftHO npH pecTaBpaijiH, sor^a owb co6ctb6HH# 

TOJIBEO H HaqaJTC) fltftCTBHTeJIBHO B03fl4jBIBaTb CBOH) 36MJIKD, XOTfl OTB 

BpeaieHH ;jo BpeMeHH h oTpHBaacb otb caoeS 6opo3nu H npncjiyiDH- 
Baacb r'b TOMy, ito roBopaiocB b*b ropoflax'B o bosmokhocth B03BpaTa 
Kb flo-peBoaBonioHHOMy nopa^Ey h $eoaajibHHBrB noBHHHocTairt. Binie- 
HHe yjiLTpa-poaJiHCTH KaifB paa^ CTapajracb He safliBaTB Ty saTe- 
ropiio AepeBeHCKaro HaceaeHia, ROTopyro mh HasbiBaeifB Tenept «Tpy- 
iobhmi» KpecTBaHCTBOM , B». Hao6oporB, crapaacb npio6ptcTB CHOBa 
yTepaHHoe bi aepeBHax'B coniajbHoe Bjriame, ohh npo60BajiH rwrq 
HycKaTB b*b xoffB fleiiaroriK) no OTHomemro e*b stemi* MeJiEHirB Myara- 
KaMT». H He Majio pohjthctob'b hocmhcb cb npoeETaMH He WHSOBoif, 
a Bceo6mefi no^aqn roaocoB'B, ho bt> Tanofi cBoeoSpaaHoft (fropirfe,. 
KOTopaa AaBaja 6u bosmosehoctb MicTHbnrB flBopaHaiffB npeflnncHBaTB 

eOCiflHHM'B KpeCTBHHaM'B BOTHpOBaTb 3a HpHBHJierHpOBaHHBIX'B Ma- 
JSJbjlhJl<dWb. 

3aM*qy, KpoMt Toro, tto iiHJuriapfloirb BOSHarpajKnema 3mh- 
rpaHTaM'B 3a EOH$HCEOBaHHiia bo BpeMfl peBOJiroitfH seifjra MOJOtfaa 
<I>paHiuH, xoTa cb OTBpamemeirB h bjio6ok>, ho OTKynajracb orb CTpa- 
xobi» ofipaTHofi aRcnponpiaitfH npio6piTeHHofi ero co6ctb6hhocth c* 
ctopohh BOBBpaTHBiHHXca (Jeo^ajioB'B. HanoMHio Taoce, *rro npoBa- 
jiHBiniflca npn pyEonaecEaHiax'B cTpaHH saEOHonpoeErb o BBeaemH 
B'b saBtmame npaBO nepsopo^cTBa onaTb-TaEH Majio Kacajica pa^o-' 
Boro EpecTbaHHHa, TaE* saEi hm4jtb B'b BH^y jihetb, pacnojrararomHX'b 
co6cTBeHHOcTbio, EOTopaa Hecjia He iiefffce 300 $paHEOBt no3eMejb- 
Haro HaJiora. «,HHEie noMiiUHEHi, B03BpaTHBniieca bo #paHniK> B'b 
^ypronax-B coh>3hheob , b, Hanaaajra He ctojibro Ha TpynpBoe EpeorbaH- 
ctbo, ceojibeo Ha cejibCEyio 6yp»ya3iH), EOTopaa, coopraHH30BaBniHCb 
eme npn peBOJiroijiH bx «*iepHiiH 6aH^bi>, noEynaaa sa 6e3n$HOE , B 
Hjrfmia 6aHRpoTHBniHXca #bophh*b, nycEajia Ha czowb 3aMEH, pyfinia 
jiapKH h npoflaBajia 36mjih mcjehmh y^acTEaira jKaamaBinHM'B co6ctb6H- 
hocth Tpy^OBbiBTB EpecTBaHaifB. 3aEjro^y, HaKOHeifB, bto H3o6paaeme 
©THomemft pecTaBpanja R'b paaoBoiiy ^epeBeHCEOMy aro,ny ynoMHHa- 
Hiewrb, hto Byp6oHH h hx'b areHTH, b*b caMOM'b Ha^aJ!* cBoero xosafl- 
HH^aHba Ha.n'B BejHEofi cTpaHofi, 6pocnjiH B'b HapoA'B nonyjiHpHHl 
EJiH^'b: flojofi EOHCEpHnniiK)! ,a;ojiofi EOCBeHHHe Hajiora (TaR'B Ha3H- 
BaeMHe droits r6unis)! KoHe^HO, BCEopt EOHCEpnnnia 6HJia BBe^eHa 

CHOBa JIHIHb B'B H^CEOJIBEO FHOfi $OpMt. KOHe^HO, H EOCBeHHUe HaJOrH 
He TOJibEO He yMeHbmHJIHCb, HO npOflOJMKaJIH paCTH, CA'hjaB'B CEa'IOE'B 
CB 342 MHJJliOHOB'B ^paHROBTb HpH B03BpameHiH Byp60HOB , B «0 

567 MHJuioHOB'B npn BocmecTBiH Ha npecTOJTB Kapjia X. Ho bo 
bcheom'b cjiynai H3"B 9Toro bh^ho, hto pecTaBpai^ia cTapajacb He 
B036y»flaTb no-nycxy npoTHB'B ce6a rpoMajo;Hoft MaccH EpecTBHHCTBa, 
KOTopoe, EaE'L mh BHfl'fctfH, .fl.'hficTBHTejbHo He npHHHMajro flferejibHaro 
y^acria bt> 6opb6t npoTHB'B $eo,naj[bHofi peaEn,iH. 

HO 9THMH ace RpHRaMH: AOJIOfi KOHCKpHDHilo! JSfiJLOi EOCBeHHUe 



-POKH HCTUPI11. 65 

simoni! pecraBpai^iH crapajiacb npiooptcTH ce6t co^yBCTBie h ropoA- 

VtUXTb TpyAHIUHXCfl Maccb, KOTOpiJfl H6 MeHbHie, eCJIH He 60jIblH# 

jciTeaeit A^-peBHH crpa^ajiH orb Oe.inpepuBHbix'b peKpymuun> HaCo- 
poBT>, a KOCBeBHue Haaoni hocjih bt> npoiiupijlu, 3HamiTe.ibH0 npe- 
MiinaBinefi tv, bt> uaicoti yiaciBOBajio bt> HeceHin axofl TaroTH cejib- 
citoe HareiieHie. ropoACKofl pa r ~>uqifi luaccb Boo6me arpajrb miwh 
H€8Ha i !HTe.ibHy[0 po;ib bi, no-iMTii'iecKux-b Koa^-TUKTaxi* pecTaBpai^iii, 
flpeffifltf Bcero oH'b oTAwxajrb oit> qeTBepiH BtKa peBojiioijioHHbix'i 
MicTynjieHiii h KpoBaBaro Apenaraa Bhilai. MainepiH. Sarbsi'b y Hero 
oujh cboh Bejmda uoBceAHeBHHH aafiora o HOAAepacamH cBoero 
xa«aro cyuiecTBOBaHia, KOTopoe ocooeuHo yxyAiuiiJiocb bt> nepBbi* 
-toah paciipocxpaHeHiH Kpynnaro KaniiTa.iii.3Ma, oucTpo meAinaro bt> 
repy iipn Hano.ieoHfe h BypGoHaxT*. Ilapaji.ie.ibHO Cb TliMi., KaKT> 
pocjua KOHi^eiiTpau,ifl KumiTa.ioB'b, BbipaHcaBuiaacfl bt* ycirfcxaxi) Ka- 

MeHBOyrO.lbHOfl IipOAIbllUJieHHOCTH (1 MHJUlOH'b TOHHT> yr.ia BT> 1 820 r. 

i 2 MHJi.iioHa bt> 1830 r.), MeiajjiypriH (110.000 tohht> qyryaa b^ 
18 JO r. h 2C7.00u Bb 1830 r.), BHMuiiefi ToproBJH (600 MHJurioHOBT* 

^paHKOB'b IFpH BOI^apeHiH Byp6()HOB'b H 1 MH.l.li'pj.'b HaEtaHYHt HXT» 

iHBBepaceBifl), 6amiOBaro m 6HpjKeBoro A^a, pocjiM HyacAa h jih- 
KeHia paComix'b, KOTopue bt> 8Ty 9iioxy noKUAa:iH MejiKia 3aBeAeHifl t 
sa6HBaeMua KOHKyppeHijieio lcpynnux-b, h ui.ih Ha Bee 6o.ite a 6oj"fee 

yBeiM^HBliBflllflCH BT> pa.JM'fcpaX'b ^aripiIKH. ButcT* CT* TtMT> BCtt 

Tpy^Hte h TpyAHto CTaHOBH.iocb acHTb Me-iKHMT> xosaeBaarb - peMec- 
jeaHHi.aM'b. Mojkho cKanaTb, ito ropoAcicaa paSoqaa Macca bt> B,1i- 

JtOMt HaTaJIKHBaJiaCb CKOpte Bib 9TO BpeMfl CBOIIMTj JIHCTHHKTOM'b Ha 

■jTTb conjajibHofl BpasKAM kt> npoMHOiJienHuli h ToproBofi 6yp3Kya3in > 
Miirb Ha nyib peBo.iKmioHHaro conpoTHB-ieHia ({)eoAajia\n>. Ct> Apyroft 
eropoHti, piuiHTe.ibHbie hpothbhhkh pecTaBpan,iH BepooBa.incb TorAa 
epeAH HHTe.i.iureHTHofi M0J0A* 3 ani h jimub oTMacTH MeacAy Hanoojite 
iWAaBomHMiicH peMecjieHHWRasiH, mcjikhmh ciyHcamnMH, KOMMepcaHTaMU 
i t. n., np« MeMi* b^ rBo«x r b njiaHaxi* ohh HaA'feii.iHCb no f iTH hcokj- 
WTejibHO Ha iipoHHKHyxyio eme AeMOKpaTHMecKHMi ayxomtj apMiio, 
■ oieHb Majio Ha paooqiil oaccb. jlwuib nsptAKa, Hanp., bo BpeMa 

»HbCKHXb 6e3lIOpHAKOBT> 1820 I\, B03HIIKIIIHX'b BO HMfl npOTeCTa 

h^othbt* peattu,ioHHaro Ha6HpaTeiibHaro 3aK<)Ha, yqamaacH MOJiOAeacb 
UapHaca BKJK)4ajia bt> cboh paAM pa6o'iHxi> MaHH({)ecTaHTOBb. H 
.siiiib HaqwHaa ch iiojoCKofi peBoaroi^iH, paAHtuubHaa 6yp»cya3ifl bli- 
y^iTca npaBHji»>Ho npH3UBaTb Ha noMomb kt> ce6t TpyAflmiflca Maccu. 
Ha TorAa HacTynHT'b nyTb He ABaAH,aTH JitTHifl nepioAi> BpeweHH, bi. 
Taenia KOToparo paGouie 6yAyn> hath 3a BoaeaKaMH TpeTbnro cocjio- 
mu f nro6u npio6p-fecxH nepBtie upooaecKH K.iaccoBoro co3HaHia u 

IdHHMaHiH npOTHBOHOJlOaCHOCTH CBOHXTb SKOHOMMHeCKHX'b HHTepeCOB'L < 

ximb bt> KOHut aToii anoxH. KaKi> bhahtt> MiiTaTejib, xpyAHmeeca 
6oibinHHCTBo bt> npoAOjacenie Bceii pecTaBpanjH He oKa3HBajio aKTiiB- 
bwo conpoTHBjieiiifl «<TapoMy peacHMy*. 

TaK^ JIH CTOHTTb Jl^JLO Bl> COBpeMeHHOfi PocdH? BaM*b, HeCOMH^HHO, 

Xeica6pb. OT^t/n> II. 5 



•f» h. e. k y a h a a b. 



i 



6pocaTca, npe«Ao acero, bb rjia3a, qro bmcbho mapoKia Maccu s^ic* 
GTasoAb He Moryrb OKa3aTb Taaoro Aoararo KpoAaTa noAHHBHieft n*- 
lOBy peaKjjia, KaitTb to ciyqajiocb bo ^paHi^ia bo BTopofi iiojmBBffi 
10-rb roAOBi> a Bb 20 Xb rojax'b npoui-iaro B%Ka. Hauie icpecTbflH- 
•tbo OTHio^b He HaxoAHTca bt» no-ioHceHia qe.ioBtaa, Ao6HBaiaroca 
jr^OBJieTBopeHifl nepBUXb cyinecTBeHHMXTb noTpeoaoivrefi h JKCiafionjar* 
jaabHifliaaro yjyquieHia CBoero 6biTa, ho He yrpoacaewaro Heiiocpe*- 
craeHHO rojiojiHOH) cMepTbio. rpowaflaaa qacTb Haaiero AepeBeacRart 
EaceaeHia ajqerb a as8UKj,erb aeujiH 11, noaa He yAOBJieTBoparb stow 
BejiaKaro ihcto HCTopaqecKaro crpeMjeHia Kb cpej^cTBaM-b npoB3BOj- 
€TBa, BhipBaHHUM-b y Hero upaBajierapoBaanrjMi> BJiaAtHiearb, ao rhx* 
Dop*B He «ycnoKoaTcs» a He uoSAOT'b bt» AofipoBOJibHoe paocrBO ri 
BOCToqHHM'b ^eoaa.aaM'b. Oho aarfcM-b i\ay6oRo TpoHyro ajiefiaoK) npe- 
laraHAoio nepeAOBoft qacTH Harnett HHTejumrenitfii. HeAapou'b Hanw 
ocBu6oAHTejibeoe ABaaeeaie, Sopionjeeca c^b pyccsofi pecTaBpa^iefl, hjw, 
lyqnie CKa3aTb, noauTttofl pecTaapauia, pa3Bepnyjiocb qyrb He cto- 
lime cnycTa, KOFAa Bejiauoe MipoB033ptHie Tpyaa bckplijo ochobhha 
apoTHBoptqia Meac,a.y HHTepecaMa pa6oTa»omaro SoJibmaacTBa a npasa- 
aaro MeHbinaHCTBa. HaKaKHMH najuiaTBBaBia, HHRaKBMH MaKriaBejiH- 
qecKaMB DjiaHaMii co3^aTb npaBajierapoBaHHoe BJiaAtaie cpeAH Kpe- 
cibflHCTBa He yAacrca OTBpaiHTb Bejianofi aiROBofi Tant pyccRart 
jepeBeacRaro JiK)Aa rt> aemit, 9iOMy EOJuieRTHBHOMy cpeACTBy npoaa- 
loACTBa, co3AaaHOMy npapoAofl. 

06paTBTe BHHMaaie a Ha to, qro pyccRifi MyacaK'b aa nocjrhAHioii 
qeTBepTb BtKa ro.noAaji'b, Hamaji'b, Tepaiu'b BceB03M0ffiHufl rHerb i i 

MP cbxT) nopi) aBJiaeTca 3jionojiyqHiiiM'b oC'beRTOM'b «ycMHpeaia» Ha j 

BceM'b niapoROM'b npocTpaacTBi HMuepia, ho He noABeprajica TaROMy f 

cacTeMaTaqecuoMy KpoBOiiycRaaiio a TaROwy paspajKeaira HepBHoi : 

•nepria, RaKia Bunajia na aojk) $paHuy3CRaro KpecibancTBa bt> pe- ' 

Bojiroi^ioHHwfl nepioA'b, a raaBHoe — B'b anoxy RpoBaBofi anonea Hano- 
ieoHOBCKHx , b Bofla'b. 3jiono.iyqHaa BofiHa vb fluoHiefl nycTaaa no 6*iy j 

catTy He iiajio Rajrfca'b, pa3opa.na He Majio ceMefi, 3ajiajia cjie3aMB He 
MaJio rjia3i>. Ho OBa He TOJbRo He OTyMaaajia AypMaHOMi, noCtA'b a 
aioBaaacTCKaro TpiyM$a cep^i^e a yMi> pyccKaro MyacaKa: OHa o6Ha- 
pyacajia HaqToacecTBO b naryoHocTb npaKa:tHoro CTpoa, pacKpujia rja- 
^a RpecTbflHCTBy Ha fiesnoMoa^aocTb b BHyrpeHHee paajioaceaie Tixi, 
tiro cqaTaerb ce6a 6e3KOHTpo;ibHbiMa rocnoAaMH Bejaicaro HapoAa, 
pa3Apa3KHjia ero a Ha AccaTKa Jkkrb ABaayjia ero co3aaaie BnepeA*/ 
]T!)HBaBT> eMy HeBo.ibHLift BBTppecb Rb o6u^e^ocyAapcTBeHHbIM'b sonpo- 
lia.M'b. Kopoqe cKaaaib, HadpoeHie pyccsaro MyiKHua bt» naqajit XX-r© 
CTo.rlma rujiuiu) He to, Kaicoe 3aM*b<iajiocb cpeAa $paHi^y3CKaro Rpe- 
GTbHHCTBa BT> Haqa-it npoujjiaro. A MeacAy TtMT> jiioah Hamefi npaBajie- 
nipoBaHHofl peaiaiiH oxaiOAb ae o6Hapy3KHBaiorb toA cpaBHarejibHot 
CAepacaHHucTa, Kai:yio 4)paHii,y3CKio (|)eoAa;iiii npoasjiajiH npa Byp- 
6oHax , b BT, AepeBB'b, h Katfb Oia Hapo'iao acnbiTbiBaiOT'b cyAb6y, CTa- 
paacb Bctna cnocooaMH j{ r &i\> noHaib apecTbaHCTay, qro ohh cqaTa- 



y.OKH HCTOI'IH. #7 

rjti> ce6a ero iiufitflHTeiiaMH a naitoeBaTejiaMH, HMifomaiia npaBo s* 
joSbiqy, h;i spolia opiraa no6taAeHHbix'b... 

IlepexoAH Kh cpaBHOHiio HacTpoenia ropoACKoro pa6oqaro Kiacca 
rrpa pecraBpaijin n y Haci>, mm Kara 6yjivo HaTuaaeMca y cayort 
Bopora 9Toro cpaBinrrejibHaro Hsyienifl Ha neqajibnyro auaiioriio: Haarw 
■poaeTapiarb noBHAHMOMy Tain, ace ycTa,n> a Tain* ace oTjxuxaeTi* 
Tenepb, Kain> $paimy3e*rifi pafioqifl Kjaccb up a EypSoHaxib. II OAiiaRO, 
9T0 TO.ibKO noBHAHMOMy. Ilocjrb HeaMOBtpHaro Hanpfla;eHifl TpexT> no- 
•jt^HHXT> jilvrb, bt* Teqeaie KOTopwxi, Tpyaanuflca Aiaccbi ropojjOBb 
HapaBHt ni» nepe.no Boft HHTejunreHnieft BbmyacneHbi 6ujm BHHOCHTb, 
h BUHOCHTb Kb nepBuxT> pa^axi*, caMue Taacejme y^apu peaKii;iH, 
•Hi, ^tftcTBuxejibHo, BpeMeffHo ocTaHOBJiJincb a He aayrb flaJibiue no 
iyTH Toro 8HeprHqHaro 3aBoeBaHia aKoiiOMHqecKax'b Jbrorb h no«~ 
TaqecKHXb CBofiofls, Koropoe B036yjjn.io iiHTepecb a aaTy3ia3M"b y 
paSoqaro K.iacca Bcero Mipa. Ho aTO Jianib BpeMeHHaa h bt> h3b , bci v - 
hom'b cmhcjtb Heo6xoAWMaa npiocTaHOBKa, KOTopaa noKa3MBaerb tojh>ko, 
m> pyccKifi npo.ieTapiarb HamyniiBaerb no T iBy, qToGu oracKaTb Ha 
Heli yKJioH'b BTb dopoHy jnmiH HaHMeHbiiiaro conpoTHB.ieHia. Ocia- 
Siao aa ero nonnMame HacymawxTi sa^aT* MOMeHTa? Kohciho, wkrb. 
HafijjeTca jh Tenepb Meawy pyccKBMB pa6oqaMH MHoro TaKHXT, HaaB- 
HHX'b JiiOAefi, KOTopue ctohjih 6h Ha npaMHTBBHoft tone's sptHia, 
Eaxyio BHCKa3biBaJi'b, Bcero 3a H r bcKO.ibKJ qacoBT> jio irojibCKOfi peBo- 
non,in, oAHHTb ijHTHpyeMwfl Jlya- B-iaHOMi, TpyaceHain., B'b OTBtrb h& 
•eacaijiOHHyio BtcTb, npaaeceanyio eMy TOBapameMT>, Hacqerb Toro. 
ito «bt> riapajKfe H'brb 6ojibine hh na-iaTH, hh ra3erb, hh cbo6o.!,i»! 
*eqaTH»: «IIpaB3a? Hy Taitb rfeMT> .lyqme! IlycTb TOJibKO xjtS'b cto- 
htb $Ba cy, 3a bhho qerhipe, a Ha ociujibHoe Mirt HaitJieBaTb»... 

TaKoro oparaHajibHaro «3it0H0MncTa» bh, rKOHeqHo, cb Tpy^OMb 
HafifleTe Meac^y pyccKHMH paGoqima Hainax'b pefi. H6o Bet ohh 60- 
jcke hjh MeHte noHHiiaiorb CBH3b Meac^y 9KOHOMH i iecttoii h nojiHTB- 
qecKofi peaKi^iefl, h hhicto h3t» Haxii He cKaacen,, ito eMy aaace ^jji 
^ocTaaceHia qacTo $a6paqH!»ix-b Tpe6oBaFiift 6e3pa3.[aqHO, B'b KaKOM r b 
j;yxt pearapyroTT) Ha ani «^e6aTbi» Meac^y TpyAOM^ n Kanaiajoin. 
•Toamie Tenepb y no.iaTaqecKaro pyjia KopM'iic. ,T,fciicTBHTejibHO, h« 
aa^o 3a6biBaTb, qTO cTpeM.ieHie, KOTopoe odaapyacaBaeTca Tenepb 
fpe^a pa6oq;ix-b Kb p-feineHifo npo(|)3ocioHa.ibHuxb 3aAaq-b, KT>npocB^- 
meairo, kt> Ky-ibTypHott ^taTe.ibnocTH, Kb opranH3an,ia TOBapaniecTBb, 
anqyTb He ooo-maqaei^ hojihthich «Ma.ibix-b ^Lii.)), KOTopofi 3aHHMa- 
iacb bt» HHofi o6.iacTH ycTaBuiie BOCb.Mn;jecflTHHKH. TiM-b eojie, ITt 
na-ibia Jitjia, ocBfe^aeMbia Maaitow^ Be.nucaro ^.ia, He Tojboo He ot- 
B.ieKaroT'b Tpy^amaxca ott. ocaoBHoro a^eajia, ho, Hao6oporb, no3BO- 
iniOTb eMy CBa3F,TBaTb noBCPAHPBaija, Hacya^HFja Tpe6oBama h o6niy» 
ipoo-iewy MipoB033prbaiaTpy,T;a. Hviena') sto nocit^Hee, KOTopoe cTOJibKt 
itT'b nponaraiuapoBawiocb pyccitofi nepenoBofi HHTeJuiareHqiefi cpe^K 
K03pacTaBinaro h Bee KptnnyBuiaro pafioqaro Kjacca ropo^OB^, i 
laerb eMy B03MoacnocTb co3HaTe-ibno OTHOCHTbca K*b oSn^efi no.iaTH- 

5* 



9$ H. E. K y A 1' H H b. 

^ecKofi n4flTejii>HOCTH m hc n.iHTb Ha fiyKcnpt y iipe^cTaBHTejiefi ita- 

HHTaJia H BJiaA^Hia, KaKHMH Obi SByMHUMH (J)pa.3aMH HH 06.ieK.a.lHCfc 

Ha iixi. ycTaxb HHTopecu npHBiuerapoBHHHaro MenbimiHCTBa. B* 
•to&iTi onaTb-TaKH ne;iiiKoe npeiiMymecTBO coBpeMCHnuvb TpyAflm^xca 
Maccb ropoA^Kofl Pocciu no cpaBHeHiio cb i^paHuyscKHMi, upo.ieTa- 
piaTOM-b BpeMem> pec/raBpaijiH. H miokho 6biTb yBtpeuHUMT*, qio Ram 
TOJbKO nppACTaBiiTca nepaaa B03Mo,Knocn> iiiHpoKofi o6mecTBeRHofi 
JliaTeJibHucTH, Haniewy paOouexiy Kjaccy He noifiiAoonrra, KaKi> $paH- 
i^yar^oMy npH BvpfioHax-b, inecTHaAUani jiirb, qio6bi OTpa.3iiTb $eG- 
AajibHyio peaKniio, h HOHbixi> BoceMHaAHara, KaK^ to fiujio Cb nocjiiA- 

HHMTb npH JlK)AOBHKli-*ll.UlIIIlt, 1T06fJ COSHaTb ripOTHBOHOJIOSKHOCTfc 

gbohxt. HHTeperoB'b c/b HHrepecaMii KJiaeca HMymiiX'b h npaBamnx'b.,. 
IleccHMiicTHWKyK) qepiy b^ KapTHHt coBpeiieBHaro nojiojsenia 
Pocciu cpaBHHTeJibHO ci> «pecTaBpnpoBaHHoft» <t>paHineft cocTaB-iaerb,. 
npaBAa, noBeAeHie Hamefl 6yp3Kyaaia, a rjiaBHbiMb oopa30MT> ea 
jiuoBofl, npoMbiiujieHHofl h ToproBuli «iacrii. Mu 3HaeM*b, KOHeqHO, h 
ist* HdopiH 4>paHn,iH, qro BTa qacib Tpeiharo cociOBia He jhoOhjml 
nuipoicHX-b HapoAHMXT) ABiirceHifi; h qro saTHHenofi xapaKTepx jierHTH- 
UMCTGteaa peaiuua npiiHHJia, CBepxT» yace yi:a3anH!Jx r b Hawii npwqyn'b, 
«me h noTOMy, t ito Gyp>Kya3ia icpaliHe fioa.rar.b 6pncan> cnoBa bt> 
dopbfiy .napTifi Ty «y.umy», KOTopaa nrpa.ia TanyK) pojib bti HCTopa- 
qecKie «ahh» BcjhkoiI peBO.iioiiiu. Ho, no Kpafineti Mtp-b, iroJHTg- 
qechie bojkah fiypajyaaia bt> ptiuuTejibubie MOMenTbi yMt.ia no6tacj,aTi 
poSocTb CBoero K.iarca a HaTpaBJia.ui bt> arorb Man* «HapOAHar# 
ibBa» na cboiix^ apxan f iecKiixb ii|)0Thbhhkobt>, xoTa HHeBbinyraaa 
GOBcfein* naiipaBJi3ionx«fl ivfcrin m3t> cbohxii pytcb. IloBHAHiiOMy, pyccK.0* 
TpeTbe cocJioBie nacrojibKO ace cpaBmnejibHo oTCTa.io orbCBoero (ppaH- 
ijyacKaro npc/roTiina, HacKO.ibtto pyccKia Tpyaflmiaca uaccM 3aui.iu bt> 
HtKOTopbiXTi (iTHOiueHiaxij nnepeA'b paCoqaro h KpecTbancKaro jiiOAa 
pecTaBpau.iii. Bt> caMOM'b A^Jit, KauiiMb 6w CTaTHcTii'iecKHM^ BuoaA- 
KaMT. hh npeAaBarbca, CTapaacb AOica3aTb cr6-fe, hto, mojit>. H3-b 6 
UHJUiiapAOBT* oomaro nauioHajibHaro AoxoAa (bt, EBponeficitofi Poccia) 
Ha aojk) eejibCKaro xo3»iicTBa cb jitcoB^A^TBOMTi npnxoAHTca Gojiti 
noiOBiiHH, a AoouBaiontaa n oopa6aTbiBaK)maa npoMbiiujieHHocTb h^ 
ipe.icTaBJiflei^ h qeTBcpni ero, ToproB.ia hco aoero oAiiy OAHHHaAaaTyn 
i qTO noaTOMy pyocKOMy npuBiuempoBaHHOMy 3CMJieBjaAtHiK), KOTopot 
arpaeT^ ao chxi» nop^ Taicyio pojib bt» namefi cejibc.Kofi ac»3HH, h nt 
BTaTy no.iaraeTca HaooHaib b^ cbok) cropoHy paBHOAtfidByiomyEv 
fCOOTHomenia peajibHuxT> o6^ecTBeHHUx , b ciun>»,— Bee see. MH3epHocTi> 
wojiHTiiqecKaro BJiiaHia Hainefl HHAycTpiajibHofi h KOMMepqecKofi 6yp- 
acyasia aBJiaeica noqTH Heo6iacHHMbiM^ (JmRToarb. btAb, Kaai hh 
KaKi>, a Haun> KanHTajjaaM-b npeACTaBJia.n> cofioro oqeHb BJiiaTeAbHyni 
$Hrypy npn aameMt «cTapoMT> peaciiMt*. B^Ab oht> ycntBajn> ao6h- 
BaTbca orb Hero TaKHXi* cymecTBeHHbix'b BbiroAi* a Bocnoco6jieHifi, 
wo 0Ka3biBajiea eABa jih Aaace He 6o.ite jiK)6iiMUM , b A'feTaI^el\I^ caMO- 
j^acaBHofi CfiopoKpaiiB, q^M^ caMO A«opaHCTBO. H qio ace? KyAa, 



-i 

1 



ypo&M HCTOP1U. •• 

A*BaJIOCb BJliflHie BCtX'b aTHXt eHpaceBNX'b KOMHTeTOB'b, CbtaAOB* 

■pejiCTaBHTejiefi npoMwuuieHHOcTH h ToproejiH, KaMeHHoyrojibHbix'b, Me- 
TajJiyprHMecKHX'L, caxapHHX'b h HHtixt CHHAHKaTOB-b? Hjih Hauia 6yp- 
syaBifl TOjibKO h 6i>uia CHJibHa TorAa, Koiyia BbinpaiiiHBajia y cc$ep^> 
pa8Hoo6pa3HHfl cy6cii;tfH bt. ymep6*b HapoAy, caMa aaacTnqHO cri- 

riOA'L THHCKHMfc HrOftTb CaMOBJiaCTbJI, 

FloKOpHa pa6cKOMy Hpity?... 

Huh* HacTynn.ia nopa «HapoAHaru npeACTaBHTejibCTBa*. Kaieb am 
m rAi ace npe^CTaBHTejiH 6ypacya3iH Bbipaacarorb cboh oaccoBue mh- 
Tepecu? #a h kto Boo6me npeACTaBjiaerb ee bt> HameMT* Kaaoifb hi 
la eeTb, a Bee ace napjiaMCHrfc? 3>paHKO-pycciufi ♦CTapoofipaAeij'b*, 
p. ryiKOBT>? Hjih I],HijepoH r b ct> TBepcuofi hjih Ap6aia, r. njieBaico? 
Bjra KaK^fi Hnofi iipHTaHRUiiitcii ao nopM ao BpeMeea bt> cohm! 
•KTfl6pHCTOB , b reHifi «TOJCTocyMia»? A MeacAy rira'b nocMOTpHTe, AypHO 

HJIH XOpOHIO, HO BCfl paTb ^AHKHX'b nOMtmHUOB-b* Ha JIHIJO, BCfl 

ApyKHo cTOJinnjiacb Ha samn'ry cbohxt* KJiaccoBux'b HHTepecoBT* i 
cbohxl 3aji02KeHHtix , L-nepe3a.i03KeHULjXT>, ho Bee ace natomnxt el 

B#3MO»CHOCTb «aCHTb nO-ABOpflHCKH» HMtflift. 

8to ap-fejinme npeacAeBpeaieHHofi aph6jiocth Haniefi 6ypacya3iH i 
floApofi dapocTH Hamefi «apHCTOKpaTin» sacTaBJiaerb Hacb oopaTHTbca 
ta KpaTKofi HCTopuqecKoii cnpaBKofi, 3a aHajioriefi yace He Kb anoxt 
$paHijy3CKoft pecTaBpan,iH, a kt> cpaBHHrejibRo noBAirbiuiHarb Bpeaie- 
MenaMT* repwaHCKofi «KOHTpT>-peBOJiK)mH>. 3xkcb, Ha py6earfj 40-xt» 
b bO'Th toaobx nponuiaro Btica, nocjrfc KpaTKofi 6ypH 48 -ro, «ccyj*ac- 
uieAniaro roAa» mli HafiAeirb cxoactbo ct> ncnxojioriefi , h B3aHMHHin> 
©THOuieHieMii HaniHX'b BMciunxTb KiaccoB'b: 3eMjieBJiaA'kjibijeB , b h Kana- 

TUJHCTOB'b. 

CHaqaja, Kaifb H3B*fccTH0, ynopHafl 6opb6a 18-ro Mapra Ha jm 
uax^ BepjiHHa, 3aBfl3aHHaa napoAoarb ct> npyccKHMH BoMcKaMH h koh 
iid»!iiaaca KaaaTyjumiefi cocjioBHO-HeorpanHqeHHOft MOHapxin, B036y- 
juia Bceo6min HaAeacAH Ha OKOHqaTejibHoe ocBo6oacAenie CTpaHHorb 
•TapuxT» nopflAKOBTi n npHBfrrcTBOBajiacb Aaace 6ypacyasiefl. 3a hojih- 
*?nqecKHM , b nepeBopoTOM-b HaABHrajica coijiajibHbifi h npeacA© Bcero, no- 
BHAHMOMy, bt> A^peBHt. Hjih, KaKT» BbipaacaeTCH hctophkt>, cToamifi 
Ha conjaji'L-AeMOKpaTHqecKoli to'ik* sp^Hia h noTOMy He ckjiohhuA 
■peyBejiHqHBaTb aKTHBHocTH cejibcuaro HacejieHin: «Ha 6epjiHHCKHX T b 
iappHKaAaxx H'bMen.Kaii peBOJiK)i;l'H npiooptja ce6^ TBepAyio no^By 
■OA*b HoraMH. OHa 6ypHo nuia no Bcefi CTpanh h HCTpeSjiflJia KopHM 
feoAajbHaro ufimecTBa. IIoahjijich BpecTbHHCKift oaccb, qTo6ti otom- 
«thtb 3a cboh HecKa3aHHHH CTpaAaHia. Bt> roacHofi TepMaHiH, B'b Oach- 
»ajbnt, B*b nieapi^BajibAt HOBoe njiaMH B03roptjiocb na dapofi noqst 
EpecTbHHCKofi boAhh; coopmHKH rocnoAi> h jfeHHuxi BJiaA'bJbi^eB'b 
■poroHfljiHCb; seiiejibHbifl n ^qchteeeur khhth yHH^ToacajiHCb, BJiaA*- 
TejbHtie 8an&H padpymajiHCb. Bcero CHJibHie KpecTbiiHcitoe ABHacenw 
iujo b% npyccKHXi> o6jiacTJix^, pacnojioaceHHbix'b Ha boctok'b orb 



70 H. E. K y A >* A H h. 

&ju>6h, a ocofieHHO bt> Cnjie3iH. KpecTbaue ABJiHyjiucb Ha noMierbji 

9 8A*CI> UMHyAHJIH CBOHX'B MyiHTeJiefi AaTb HUT* rpUMOTU, BT> KOT#- 
pUXT> OHH 0TKa3HBaJIHCfc OTT> BC'feX'L CBOHX'B $eOAaJIbHIJXT> cGopOBX 

i 6apmHHHHX'b noBHHHocxefl. $eoj(&JibHaJi uapiiH, eAHBCTBeHHaa, ko- 
ropaa Gbuia opraHH30BaHBoil b*l IlpycciH, owjia pa30HTa btumh 6e3- 
HacjeflHUMM KpecTLAHCKHMH BoacTaHLHMH, a cl Heio iiaaajia h no- 
whAHflfl onopa AO-wapiOBCKaro rocy,aapcTBa». *). 

Ho xyrb ace fiypayaaia nepenyrajiacb h c/rajia ynoTpe6juiTb «ce- 
BOBMoacHua yciuria, mo(>u «8aK.ixranTb opy peBOJiouin*. Eopn,bi a a* 
HapoAa, KOTopue; b"l paarapt BHcyppeKii.iH, npocjiaBJiJUHCL BoacaKaMH 
TpeTbaro cocjioblh, kuk^ repoimecKie jiciiojihiitpjih rpaac^aHctrart 
AOJira, CKopo 6ijjim pasjKajiOBaBH bt> «6yBT0BmnK0B^». H pan bhiuhth 
orb HHX r b nopjiAKa m cBflmemjofi coocTBeBHrcTH 6ujia c$opMnpoBaHa 
Bt EepjuiH* 6roprepcKaa MMjjimla, KOTopofl h 6hjm po3AaHM 2b, 009 
pyatefi H3t i^flxraysa. Mepe3t Tpn HeAlim hhkto Apyrofl, aaKi> 
lopoJieBCKifi npoKypopx, npiiHyacAeH'b taurb bt. OTBfcb Ha 6e3HH- 
sjieHBwe aohoch, cunaBiniecfl h3t> paAOB^ 6ypacya3iH Ha «9KcijeccH 
npeccH», o6TbflCHaTL dTuwb ^epe3^ypT> ^yBCTBHTejibHMM'L rpaaKAaHaM r b, 
tTO «kto xoierb cboGoau ne r iaTii, Tort jyunKeH'L ymiTb chochtb 
i Bjioj noTpe6jieHifi eio». H eme He ycniurL HCTenb Maprt wbcnu^, 
taK*L noqTeHHbie npeACTaBHiejiH 6epjiHHCKaro 6ioprepcTBa i iyTb 6hjio 
He JiHHqeBajiH OAHoro 3aonoJiyqHaro peaaKTopa AeMOKpaTH^ecKofi ra- 
*eTH, yBtmaBuiaro aiOAefi cBoero sse 6ypacya3Haro oacca He yrjy6- 
iflTb nponacTH, KOTopaa h 6e3 r L xoro cymecTByerL Me»Ay hhmh h 
pa6oqHMH, a, Haofioporb, CTapaTbCfl cCjiHsaTbca ch nocjrfcA H HMH, hah 
Bee AaJ">ine h Aa-ibme no nyni nporpecca. A KorAa 6wjih BBi6paHu 
napjiaweHTH, — ofimerepMaHCKift bo ^paHK^ypii-Ha-MafiHt, upyccKOo 
Han,ioHajibHoe co6paHie bt> BepjiKH-b, h t. a-, — to He 6tiao Taitort 
HapoAHaro ABHffleHia, HanpaBJieHHaro npOTHB^ CKopo HOAHHBniefi cbo» 
rojiOBy peaKn,iH h Aa»e cneijiajibHo A-^-a saniHTu HapoAHaro npeACTa- 
BHTejibCTBa, ^ToSbi obo cTpoacafime He oeyacAaJiocb, a bt> caM0Mi> 

JiyiHieM'b CJiy^at He OTCOBtTMBaJIOCb 6jIK)CTHTeJIflMH 3aK0HH0CTH. 

Meauy TtiwL, npHBHKuiie Kt BoeHHofi h rpaaAancKoft 6iopoKpaTHqe- 
citofl opraHH3ai^iH, $eoAajibi h onnpaBiDifica Ha HHXt BpeiieHHO onie- 
lOMJieHHtifi, ho oiHtoAb He y6nThifi adcojuoTHssfb yMHoacajiH npeAJiom 

Vb CTOJIKHOBeHiflM'b H yM^JIO CTaBHJIH HeOHblTHyK) no ^laCTH nOJIHTHEtr 

6yp»ya3iH) bt» 3aTpyAHHTejibHbiH nojioffieHia, He OTKaBHBaacB npH6t- 
raTt kt» jiOBKofi AeMaroria. 

TaKt, KorAa npyccKoe Han,ioHajii>Hoe coCpaHie BOTHpoBaao BHeceH- 
hoo JitBUMi, i^eHTpoifb npeAJOKeHie otm^hbtb 6e3i> B03Harpa«AeHiK 

BC4 <|>eOAajIbHbLff nOBHHHOCTH, OfipeMeHWBfflia KpeCTbflH'L, KpOMi T*XT> f 
KOTOpua BMTeKaJIH H3T> OeflSaTeJIbCTBt, OCHOBaHHHX'b Ha COBpeMeH- 

hoitb rpaffiAaHCKOM'b npaBi, to ABa ^rjieHa npaBOfl, tojibko ito both- 



*) Franz Mehring, Geechichte der Deutschen Sozialdemo- 
krfttie; HlTyTTraprb, 1903, 2-e H8fl., t. II, CTp. 12—13. 



yiHiftH HCTOPIH. / i 

poBaBuiie npoTHBt, BHecJiH T0T T iacb ace bt» npaHaTyio pe30JiK)ijiK) cb<>io 
HOirpaBKy. dra, nonpaBKa onpefltiifljia aeo6uqHO BB3uift npoijeHrb 
BOSHarpajKAeHia sa OTMtaflBineeca o6a3aTejibCTBO ne $eoAa:ibHart 
upoHcxoHtneiuH. A icorn,a xfeBaa BOTHBupoBaja h 9TO npe^JioaceHin. 
to Bca ocTajibHafl npaBaa TopatecTBeHno npoiecTOBajia npoTBBlb aa- 
pymenia apaBa yaee ne $eoiiajibnoii, a coBpeMeaaofi eo6cTBeaaocTB ? 
KOTopoft, mo.tl, HaHOCH.Tt cynjecTBeaaufl yaiepGi* npoH3BOJbHo aa- 
BHaieHHwfi pa3M*p , b BoaHarpaacaeBia. H nporpeccHBHaa qacTb co6pa- 
aia, 6jiaro^apa aiofl yjiOBirb peaiui.ioBepoB'b, OKana.iacb paapyraaiomei 
j*Bofi pyKofi to, ito TO.ibKO se OHa BtuBHByjia npaBofi, KaKl OCBOB- 
Hoe aaqa.no coBpetfeaatix-L rpaawiacKHX'b OTHomeHift. Kopoqe ckh- 
«aTb, $eoAajiu a 6iopoKpaTLi jraBapoBajia Tairb jiobko h CTaBaaa 
6ypKya3ia Taitia acKyciibia 3anajjHB npa o6cyatneaia arpapHaro bo- 
*poca, a rasta 6ypacya3ia ofiHapyacoa cmib Majio acKpeaaaro ate- 
jaHia BHCBo6oAHTb KpecTbawcTBO 6e3B03Me3^H0 mi* BCTopaqecKBX'* 
nyrt 6apnjHBbi, mto flepeBeHCKoe aace.ieaie coBepmeHHO pa3oqapoBa- 
jiocb wb j^taTejiaxT. MapTOBCKofi peBOJiroijiB a ho no^epsajio ax'b B'b 
MOMeHTb OKOHqaTejibaofl .iHKBH^ai^iH fleMOKpaTflqecaaro flBHaceaia <yra- 
puwb cTpoeMt. 

Ol apyroft CTopoHH, po3Hb Bieac^y BMynjHMa h aeHMynjHMn vb ro- 
pojjaxt, oSaapyawBmaaca vb caMaro ace aaqaaa repMaacKoft peBO- 
i»ijia, coBAaaasa Bee aoBbia a bobub He^opasyMtaia, 06aerqa.ua B03- 
MO»aocTb ^eMaroraqecKofi TaKTHKii #jia npaabixt a ocjiafijajia Banop^ 
MOJiOAofi TepMaHia aa CTapyio. IIpHcoe,HHBHTe K'b aToay ckjiobbocti 
rb ^pasaMii, no.iHTaqecKOMy neflaaTH3My a oTcyTCTBie 6oeBoro Ten* 
lepaiieaTa y repMaacKoft 6ypacya3iti; aeyjjaqy pecnySjiHKaBCKBX'L 
B03CTaHifi B'b Bajieat, CaKcoaiw, BaBapia a cHOBa Ba^eat, aeynaqy, 
©foacaaBniyroca onaTb-Taaa Majioio BHBijiaTBBBOCTbK) cojihahux^ 
6»prepcKHXT> a.ieMeaTOB'b a ax* CTpaxoarb nepejj-b ampoKaMt aapofl- 
«mmt> flBBHGeaieM'b, KOTopoe oaa 00/raBjia.iia 6e3-b nojuepacKa; npefla- 
TejibCKyro, ao i$jiecoo6pa3ByH) a aaepraqayio TaKTnsy npanieflmBXT* 
Kb ce6a apaBBTejicTBTi B-b 6opb6t ct pescjuoitfeft, — a bh nofiMeTe, 
loqeay noBcio,n;y B'b TepMaaia BupBaaaua aapoAOMi* y BJiacTefi koh- 
CTMTyn,ia fiujia aaMtaeabi oKTponpoBaaHtiMa. PaBHO KaKi» bh oirfreaTi 
jio AocTOBHCTBy poab repsfaBCKOft 6ypacya3ia, KOTopaa no3me, B'b ca- 
HHfl CBo6ojtojiK)6aBbia MaayTu, Banp., bo BpeMa 6opb6u ct> BacMap- 
komt> B'b aaqajii 60-x^ tojiob^, ae nuia, no cjoBaafb CBoero ace Bpara, 
j&zbme «onno3Hm*a bt> nuia$poKt a Ty^Jiax^*, eme noase qyTb ae 
B$aaKOM*b najia aai^'b nepe^ cbobmt> npoTBBBBKOMi> B'b jieu$ Banjo- 
Hajn>-Jiii6epajioBT> a B'b jiaaaufi MOMesrb BBJiaerb Mipy yABBBTejibaoe 
3p , bJIBn^e OABoro 831* npaBOMtpBHX'b ajieMeaTOB'b nporpeccaBBO-soa- 
cepBaTBBaaro. jiafiepajbao-iOBKepcKaro «6.iOKa». 

BOTb, WOBB^HMOMy, T^t MOaCCTb BaftTB CBOfi npOTOTHITB GOBpe- 

Meaaaa pyccaaa Sypncyasia, ecjin eme ae npeB3ofiflerb ero b% cBoeft 
6e8noMOii;aocTB a noaaTaqecKofi ae,n;aj!bBOBBABOCTB. JEEo npeAbiAya^ii 
aaajB3T> aacTpoeaia coBpeMeHHbixi* TpyaantHxea Maccb Poccia nona- 



T2 A. OETPMmKB'B. 

traaaerb Hairb, <rro Ham* He noHaioSaTca 60 jrhrs ajih Toro, ito&i 
cpoflTH Tjr CTOJib eme Majiyro qadb nym, BeAymaro kt> aeMoapaTi- 
^ecKOMy ctpok), KOTopaa upoflneaa ao chxt> nop* FepMaaiefi, aiaeiit- 
rarom^fl noA'b 6peMeHearb (fteojajibBMX'b TpaAna,ift, Gypsyasaofi *•♦- 
hocth h noATa.iKHBaeM()ft jiHinb HiweqRim pa6oqnin» RJtaCCOMTfc. 
Haraa TpyAHnjiaca Maccu bt» ropo^t h flepeBHi Bocnoanarb Hea;#- 
•TaTOKT* noMOKpaTH*iecitHXT> Teafleaijifl Bt Haraefl Sypacyasia. 

m H. E. KyApHHV 



y en ok oe hi a 



— «Poccia ycnoRoajiacb* bjih, no Rpafiaeft Mfcpt, «aaqajia ycw- 
»<oHBaTf>ca>. «PeBOJK)iuoBHbift yrap* npoxoflHT-b*. CoBepuiajca nep«- 

JIOJTL BT> CTOpOHy «3aR0BB0CTB H nOpfl^Ka». «PeBOJIK)Uia Bupoflvuiaftb 

«7» paaSon h rpaoeaa*. «PeBOJuon,ia npeRpaTBJiarb*. 2ta3Hb bxoaht* 
Bh HopMajibHoe pycjo. . 

TaKT» roBoparb bt> .Hyirfc. TaR-b roBoparb noqTa bca eaceOTeBHaa ie~ 
qaTb. IIpaBaa, HuatniBioK) e3Ke#HeBHyio neqaTf> Tpy^ao cqaiaTb nojiaot 
Bbipa3HTejibHHnefi oSaiecTueHHaro Mataia. Ilpa AaaaRXTb ycJOBiaxt m 
HeS ae Moryrb npoaaaTb ce6a ecjia He Han6ojifce Monxawa, to, jw 
BcaKOM'b cjiyqat, aodaToqao Moajabia Teqema pyccftofl ofimocTBeaHOi 
mucjih. Bi> HLiH^mnefi esKeflaeBaoft neqaTa, owtb Moserb, HaaSojihi 
(ymnieffb rojocb rfcx'b caoeB-b oSmecTBa, kotophm-b xoqe-rca xo» 
KaKoro-HH6yAb Bbixo^a b3t» «cMyra», xoTb RaKoro-aaoyflb «ycnoRoeHi*». 
Hrjaimaaa eseflBeBBaa neqaTb jianieaa bo3hohcbocth hc Tojibfto ocit- 
THTb, ho aa»e npocTo npeacTaBHTb cb aocTaToqaojo nojinoToio $an- 
TiiqecKoe nojioaeaie fllurb. OHa cjiafflKoirb Bt oflHy dopoHy no#CTp»- 
seea. II rfeirb ho Meaie He Ha cmJibKO ace, bx caMoarb $$&% ojat- 
TOHHa, qTo6bi 6e3T> BcaKaro ocHOBaflia cxo^aTbca Ha npH3aaaia craib 
spynHaro, CTOJib ocaoBHoro oScroaTejibCTBa, Ram ORoaqaHie peaow- 
ipa hjih aaqajio ycnoRoeHia. II pa:n> «HoBoe Bpena», cb oaaofi e*t- 
poati, a «P*fcqb> aanp., vb jipyrofi. Ha btomt. xoTb bt» Raaoft-HaCyjb 
irtpt cxo^aTca, aaaqarL... cairb ^uMa 6e3^ oraa»... 

KoHeqHO, «HoBoe BpeMH> roBoparb o6t. ycnoRoeaia Poccia aHB^ 
mh cjiOBaMa, q^irb, Hanp., «ToBapan^7>» a «Ptqb». OpraHM peaauioi- 
HHe Afofarorb coBctM^ He totl bmbo^t*, KaRofi CBOfieTBeaea'B ojwra- 
aaMx oanosaipoaHHM'b. Ho caMHft $&RTh npa3aaeTca 6ojte axji 
werte eAHHOAyniBo: 



y c. rr o k o k h i k. 7U 

— PeBOJiouia ROHqnjiacb hjih KOHqaeTca, ycnoKoenie HacTynmw 
■jfl HacTynaerb... 

OAflaKo, no cjroBaM'B npetfcfc^aTeM coB-frra MHHHCTpoB-b, «jui 
Bcbxi> flOJHKHO 6uTb flCHo, hto npn TenepeumeM-b KpasHct, KOTopat 
aepeacHBaerb Poccia, npaxoiHTca npaotraTb wh TattHM-b Mtpaarb, 

WTOpUfl He BXO^Tb B'b 06HXO^ JKH3HH HO.pMa.1bHOfi» *). 4cP0CdJ[ 

jrnoKOHJiacb*, ho «ciiyTa» cymecTByerb, Heo6xoAHMOCT& bt> «qpe3BH- 
*\aHiax , b Mipaxii* ocTaeTca HeofixoflUMOcTbio; h, cy#a no npaBHTeak- 
«TB6HHoft \neoapan;iH 16 Hoafipa, npeABHflHTea, cBepx'b roro, bo3moik- 
Mwm M*pT» eme Goxfee qpe3BbiqaflHHx , b. 

Bt> o^HKt yKasania, *rro «CMyTa» cymecTByerb h «KpH3i!Cb* 
ipMOJUKaeTCH, Hej^S-kasHo, KOHeqHO, pasHOMucjiie. Orpy6jui.a h cxo- 
naTH3Hpya pasxHiHHe ott*hkh MHliHifi, mohho CKa3aTb, Hanp., qw 
tHoBoe Bpena», HaocHOBaHiH Kpn3H<?a, Tpefiyerb ycyryfijieHia cKop- 
■OHOB'b, cP'feqb* h «ToBapHnrb» Haxoflarb, qTO caMoe cymecTBOBanit 
spMSHca B.iacTHO yica3hiBaerbHaHeo6xo,HHMOCTb HeMepeHHaro ycTaHo- 
weHia npasoBoro cTpoa jkh3hh. Ho 3to onaTb-TaKH jumb pa&iHqHHt 
kubosh ii&b (j)aK,ra» CaMufi ace $aKTb npasHaeTca o^HHaKOBO Bcbufi: 

— «KpH3Hc*b» npo^oJKKaeTca. HTorb pyccKofl »h3hh coa^HBa- 
nTftdi H3T> arpapebixi* noacapoBT>, nojniTHqecKHXT> y6ificTB'b, He6uBajiari 
#Bio6jieHia cHH3y h He6biBajio-6e3noma ( HHaro Teppopa cBepxy. 

«RaHH6a;ibCKifl HTon>», KaKT> Bupa3H.icH He^asHO B. I\ TaH»b bt. 
•IHOfl H3T> CBOHXT) ra3eTHux , b cTaTeft. 

H uepeA'b HaMH, TaKHM'b o6pasoirb, nojiyqaeTca ncHXOJiorHqecitaii, 
tfSk, icaajiyft, h nojiHTiiqecKaa 3araflica. Oahh h rfe ace jibo^h, a qacTO, 
tara r. CTOjibinHH'b npH qTema fleoapaiuH, B'b o^ho h to n 
ipeiia HCXoflHTb n3i> anyx-b B3aHMHO-npoTHBop*feqam;HX'b ^aKT&B-b*: 

— Ob owofi cTopoHU, «ouacHoe 6poraeme» cymecTByerb h oShbt 
pymaBaerb flaace TeHflemjiio ycyryfiiiTbca. A cb apyrofi cropoHM, — 
««rpaHa ycnoKoeaa*, ycnoRaHBaexca h oSnapysHBaerb TeH,n;eHitt« 
n no.iHOMy ycnoEoeHiro. 

OraocHTejibHo caMoro r. CTOJrwnHHa bosmohcho, pa3yM*eTca, npej- 
wjaraTb, ito oht* cooHeH'b cjumiKOM'b orrniMHCTHqHo roBopaTb o6*b 
«ycnoKoeHin^, no cBoficTBeBHOfl MHorHirb cjiadocra nepeoi^tHHBaTk 
yfsyjbTaTbi cbohxt> TpyAOBi. Ho A^ace jho^m, aoTopwe BecbMa Kpn- 
THqec&H OTHOcaTca kt> HHetaraeft npasHTejibCTBewHOfi iioimthk* bo- 
#6me im>r. CmibinnHy bt* qacTHOCTH, Hept^Ko 6e3noMonjHo MHpaTci 
r* HpoTHBopiqiesfb... 

— OKOHqnjacb jih pesojiro^a? 

— JUa KaKaa Tenepb, 6aTronrKa, peBOJiiouia! Hto van; Tyrb! Bultu 
mwb, Aa H3rbt3AHjica... 

— 3Haqnrb, HacTynnjo ycnoaoemeV 

— Kasoe tjttb ycnoKoeHie! iKHTb cTpanrao CTaio... 



*) Ha* p*q« npeflcfe^aTejia coB%Ta mhhhctpobt» bt» rocy^ap. Ryvth 1€ 
■©fl^pa 1907 r. 



T4 A. IIKTPitJJlEB'b. 

0& oABoft CToporiur, «mu» Kaicb 6yAT0 h BnpaBfly tMOJEein* cita- 
•am, no BMpaaceniio r. MaoaKOBa bt> Aysrfc, «qro napoKCH3irb pcB#- 

IIDltfH KOH'IHJICH, BpeMH pe$OpM'b naCTyilHJIO*. H 'IHTafl 9TH CJIOB*, 

HannaxaHHtia, Meac/iy npo^HMt, bt> «PfcqH» 17 Hoaopa, o6bTBaTejn> 
leBOJibHO corjiaiuaeTca: 

— KonqHJicn... Ilopa oli h bt> caMOMT> a^ji* 3a pe$opMw. 
SarkM'B, bt> toA ace <PtqH> bt> TOMt ace ,Ns orb 17 HOfl6pa tot* 

ace o6biBaTejb qaTaerb, KaKb At.no ocBtmaeTca c/b Apyrofi cTopoau; 

nojiyHeHT> pn^t coo6meHifl o KpynHUxi» noAXoraxT>. Bt> Kpomckomt> ytoflft 
•tt» no^sKora croptjia co bcbmh ABJiaMB KaMepa aeMCKaro HanajibHHKa TpeTb- 
aro ynacTKa. Bt> hm-bhIh aeMCKaro Ha^a^bHHKa OpjiOBCKaro yfe3Aa IlymHHa 
Wb TeneHie M-fecaija 6hjio ABa^aTb noacapoB-b. Bt> rpaflBopoHCKOMt ybwb 
lipoHaoinjiH rpoMaAHbie noxcapu bt> aicoHOMiflX'b IIIaToxHHa h KHanma K)cy- 
*«OBoft. Crop-BJia Macca xjife6aB-b cKiipAaxi*. HajiniHocTb no.nacoroB'b ycTa- 
HOBJieHa. Bt> HM-BHia khjithhh ypycoBoft, b6jih3h TpenoBKH, EjiHcaBeirpaA- 
CKaro ytaAa., crop-fe-Tb orb ao;*Hcora dohth aecb ckothuh .nBopi^ B* Maji#- 
apxaHr. y., OpJioBCKofi r., noncapu bt> noMt>inH4bux , b aKouoMiax'b He npe- 
KpauiaioTca. 3a nocji-B^Hee Bpexia npon3oin.io 60.1^ ABaAijaTH noatapOFVb 
H3T>EKaTepnH0CJiaBa «PyccK. Cji.» nHmyrb, 4to, eorjiacno xoaaTaftcTBy 3eii- 
tKaro co6paHia, npHHATbi <ipe3Bbi4 aft tibia u-hpu oxpaHbi bkohomHI. BBeAeriH 

pa3T>'B3aiJ KOHHOH CTpaHCH no BCCMy EKaTepHHOCJiaBCKOMy yB3Ay. Pa3T> r B34BI 

•oasaHbi no onpe^tJieHHOMy Mapuipyry o6vB«HcaTL aepeBHH, xyropa a noirfe- 
HH'ibH ycaAb6bi, a t. #. h t. n. 

H o6uBaTejib, tojibko hto corjracHBuiitica e/b BbiBOAOM* r. MaK«HaK#- 
Ba, He npeKOCJiOBiiTTb h npoTHB-b BjracTHofl aoraKH ^aKTOB*: 

— BoTt-Te a KOERHjiacb peBOJiioijifl! Borb-Te a HacTynajio ycnt- 
EoeHie... 

Hepeai* Heat.™, 24 HoaOpa, bt* roft ase «P*qa» BHHiiamjo qffra- 
Teja cHOBa npeAJiararoTca pyKOBOAantffl penaKijioHnbia CTaTbH, b* 
•chob^ KOTopuxT* jieacHTb nocHJiKa: CTpaHa ycnoKOHJiacb h «oktji6ph- 

•TM>, eCJIH 6tl OHH ptfflH.lHrb nOCTynUTb TaK^-TO H TaiCb-TO, MOTJIH 

iu npHCTynaTb k* npoBeAeiriK) pe^opMi.. H o6biBaTe.ib, cMHpHufi pa- 
^OBofi oSuaaTejib, KOMy HeBtiflocHMa HbraiinHfla KyTepbMa, roTOBi> f 
loacajyit, corjcacHTbca: 

— ^to acii, mojit*, Aaft Borb. Ha^o ace Ha qeMT»-HH6yAb KOHiRTf>. 
Ho BCjitA'b 3a pyKOBOAaiuHMH ciaxMiMH ero BHHMaHiio coBepnieHFf« 

HeomHAaHHO npe^JiaraeTca ^aKTHiecKoe coo6meHie: 

— «B*b KajiyscKoft rySep^ia Tpa bojocth cb HacejiedieM* »b 
ABafflaTb THcaq'b qeJiosiK-L He aocTyoHbi npaBHTejibCTBeHHHM'L area- 

TaMT>. *) 

He k* TOMy, pa3yMteTca, roBopio, ^to botb, moji*, a.-A- ♦'P* 1 *** 
Bna^aerb wb npoTHBoptqia. He MeHbine «Ptqa> xpoiraeT* bi> aTOM*B 
CMbic.it Ha 06a KO.itHa h 0KTfl6pHCTCKifi <Tojioci» Mor.KBbi» t h y&cb- 
peHHO-KOHCTHTyijioHHoe «Cjiobo» 9 h 6oesoe «Hobo6 Bpevfl», h mhhh- 
crepcKaa «Poccia». B* ptAKOM* HOMept HUBrhraHeft fiojiboiofi ra&e- 



*) „Pf,Hb - , 24 HOfl6pa 1907 r. 



j 



y (• II K E H I K. 75* 

TbI Bid He HaflfleTtJ 3T0T0 «Vh OAHOft CTOpOHU, H6JIB»fl H6 npH3HaTbCfl 9 

a ci> APyrofl — HejiMia He co3naTbCH»... 

H 3to npoTiiBopf>qie ecTb He TOJibKO bt» rasei'ax-b. Oho cyme- 
•TByerb h bt> niHpoitux'b o6wBaT6JihCKHX , b Kpyraxt, r^* vh OAimaKO- 

BHMl CKenTHIJH3MOM'b OTHOCHTCfl H KT> B^pt B'b yCHOKOeHie, H K'b 

aaAesrAawb Ha peBOJiioijiro. H nocKOJibKy a^jio Kacaeica innpoKiix'b 
o6HBaieJibeKHX'b KpyroBT., MHoroe, noacajiyfi, mojkho obi o6bacHUTb 
rrpocTHM'b He^ocTaTKOM'b ocBt,a;OMJieHHOCTn. 

Hh fljia Koro He ceicperb, qro oTHQCHTeJibHO «rjiacHOCTH» 1007 r. 
•SHaMeHOBaHT* noBopoTOBn* ko BpeMenaMT. CuajiruHa h TLieBe, Kor^a 
raseTM .hojijkbu Ghjih MOJiqaJMBO H3o6pa«aTb, qTO B'b Poccin Htrb 
hh o6mecTBeHHwx , b 6*ACTBifi, hh ofimecTBeHHHX'b ^Biiacenifi,— hh ro- 

.lOAOBOCb, HH 3a6aCT0B0KTE», HH TH$a, HH XOJiepH, HH C.-p., HH C.-A-r 

a ecTb cnjioniHoe Gjiarono.iyqie. H Poccifl, bt> ra3eTH0M'b, no upafHeft 
irhpt, OTpaac^HiH, AiflcTBHTeabHO Ka3ajiacb 6e3MHTeJKHbiirb uapcTBOirb, 
r#h no,iHTHqecKifl CTpacTH HM^rorb pe30HT> cTajiKHBaTbCfl .iamb Ha 
•OBepnieHHo HeaHnHux'b BonpocaxTb, — Hanp., o npenMymecTB-fe uep- 

KOBBHXT» HIKOJTb HaA'b 3CMCKHMH... 

B'b Ty nopy Ka»AHfi HaMeirb Ha npoHcmeAuiyK) rA^-anSo 3a6a- 
•TOBKy hjih Ha arpapHoe HeAopa3yMiHie ropaqo KOMMeHTiipoBajicfl h 
jaBajra nnmy W& bhboaobx: 

— Ara, .ik)AH BceTaKu acnByrb, eme BOpooraTCH... 

H ecjiH MHorHM'b ao cvlxt* nop* KaaceTCH, hto B'b 1905 r. a id am 
■pocHyjHCb Kara-To cpa3y ; BApyrc», to n,o HSBicTHofi deiieHH s^tcb 
•iirpan pojib h saKOH'b KOHTpacTa,— nepexoAT. on cicasoqHOft th- 
niHHbi ET> HeoSuKHOBeHHOMy o6wjiiio 3ByK0B-b. B'b HacToamee Bpewra 
aeqaTb CHOBa jwrniuiacb cnocoOHocTn orpamaTb He TOJibKO HiKOTopae 
OTAiJbHue 3ByKH f ho h Efkjiua MejiOAiH. H bto, HecoMHtHHO, cosAaerb 
BneqaTjitnie, coo6pa3Hoe Towy »e saKOHy KOHTpacia: 

— BbWH cojiAaTCKia nncbMa, Tenepb ntrb cojiAaxcKHXTb nuceM'b, 
•Taj[o6wTb— HeBOJibHO yM03aoroqaeT^ oOtiBaTeJib — apMia ycnoKoaiacB. 
Bum Tejierpa^HUH cooSnxeHia neTep6yprcKaro areHTCTBa o KpecTbflH- 
ckomi ABHxeBiH, Tenepb, ecjiH cyAHTb no areHTCKHM^b TejerpaMMairb 
KpecTbHHe coBepnieHHO iiepecTaan «ABHraTbea», 3H;iqHTb... 

Bujio rayMHO h RHnyqe. H BApyrb onaTb TiimHHa, xoth h oqeHb 
tTHOCHTejibHaH, ho nocjit HeAaBHHro uiyifa, ona HeBOJibHO KaaceTca rjiy- 
ioKoft. 3Torb KpyTofl nepexoAT> He^DOMHtHHO AOJi^eHT) onpeA'fejieHHbiM'b 
•6pa30M , b A*ficTBOBaTb Ha ooHBaTe-iLCKyK) ncnxojioriK). IIoHeBCTi 
HOHHSHHib roaocb, KorAa KaaceTCH, qTO KpyroM'b to6h «bc*» roBopait 
menoTOM'b. Cjobomi, ubpu kt> TOMy, 4to6h co3AaTb HtKOTopyro hjueo- 
nim ycnoKoema, A^ftcTByrorb bt> o6wBaTejibCKofi cpeA*, k^kt» iiacio 
BHJiHToe Ha bojihu. A npHTiixHyBHiee, CjiaroAapa 9T0My, HacTpoeme 
niHpoKHX'b o6biBaTejibCKHX , b KpyroB'b cooTBtTCTBCHHO OTpaacaeTca h 
yqHTHBaeTca ra3eTaMH. HojryqaeTca, TaK'b cicasaTb, o6oK>AHbifl thh- 

S03T>, npH KOTOpOMT> A^i 06tHXT> CTOpOH'b OAHHaKOBO B03MQ2KHO A06pO- 

•OBtcTHo safijiyaAaTbca. H 6ujio 6m HeyMHO OTpni^aTb, qTO npaBH- 



7K A . IU.TPHIUKB1,. 

TeJIbCTBeHHHH MtpbT IipOTHBT* TJiaCHOCTH HrpaiOTb B% BTOMT* CMMftJ* 

HtKOTopyio pojb. Ho 6luo 6m, noacajiyfi eine HeyMflic Bee 06'uiCKWfc 

MMeHRO 8THMH qHCTO-BHlifflHHMH 06CT0«TeJIbCTBaMH. 

HuH-bomee cocroanie Poc4h C. SI. EjinaTbeBcsifi o6pa3HO cpa*- 
HFurc, cb iwAaeifHMii'b noacapoM'b. MajiooiibiTHOny h He BflyMqHBOMy 
Ha6jF0.fliaTe.iio Moserb KaiaTbca, qTO bco cnoKoftHO, aeiuia xoiojma. 
UB-tTbi i^iTyn,, py f ibH acypqarb... II MaaoonuTHufi Ha6jno*aTtJfc 
cTparaAo noparcaeTca, noqeMy TaiCB cnjjbHo naxHerb rapbio, vb *a- 
Kofi cTaTH Bjipyrt Tarn* aaroptjiocb flepeso, TaMt BCiibiXHyjrb cxerb 
dtaa, noo^ajib 6e3T> BoaKofl BujiHMoii upuHUHbi 3a/udun.iacb TpaBt. 
H JIH4H0 BnojiHt npncoeAHHflK)cb ut> mhcjih, KaKaii Bjioacena b% «• 
cpaBReHie. OflHaKo, mh* noHSTHO, hto Moacerb B03pa3HTb «MaioonHT- 
iTKiii Ha6jiK)AaTejib»: 

— ^a, rapbio naxHerb, Koe-rfl* flepeBba BcnbixHBaKvrb, Koe-r#fe 
cTora roparb, Roe-rat TpaBa jjtiMHTca... Ho, noqeMy bh AyiiaeT«» w 
•to no^ewHufi ^oacap^? A no Moeiiy, bto «nocjrfeflHia Tyqn pa3c4«H- 
Hofi 6ypn», cjvknu OhuiuTh rpo3T, — 3apHnnu. Hosap'b 6ujn> — m aa*- 
aeMHbiil, h no^eMHbifi. A Tenepb ocvrajiocb jmhjb nenejmme, ia **- 
TopoMT> cjia6o KypaTca yivfcjrfeBniia tojiobhh... 

A* jo BOBce He b% MeTa^opax'b: «Ha,H3eMHHft nosap-b* mjh 
^nocJitAHifl TyqH». Haao yqHTHBaTb Koe-KaKie oG^eRTHBHwe h cy6 , beB- 
THBHbie npru3naKB. Mm bkj&.w HeoobutHOBeaauft oomecrBeaHut 
noffbeBTb, Btpy bt> cBHTiie HjeajiH cbo6i>ah, ropaqyro sajjeacjjy Ha 
Ho6iiy. Tenepb ynaioirb, 6e3CHJibHbift CKenTHijHsarb h 6e3Haflea£H0CTb, 
rpaHaqamaa ct» OTqaaHieirb. 9ro pa3jmqio mm He TOJibKO BHAfnrb, 
ho h qyBCTByeM'b. Bt> 1905 r., #a OTqacm h b-b 1906 r. 6uja 
»aacAa 6ojbiuofi, MaccoBoff 6opb6n. Tor^a SByqaJH 6li fiflKMWh 
aeaxpoHnaMOMT. pa3roBopu «naiibLX , b A'kiax'b*, coaflaiomHX'b hjub- 
Biro «Ky.ibTypHofi pa6oTu». Hhh* ohh €3Byqarb» h flaace Heoieab 

P06K0, XOTK Bterb OTb HHX'b HO CTOJIbKO aHaxpOHHSMOBTb, CKOJbK* 

«TqaflHLPM , b: 

— *lw ace apyroe mo»ho HafiiH? Hto? 

BbiiTb Sturm und Drang. Bee cjiobho cpuBajioci, ci> cbohxi ufu 
BaqHuxt ycToeBi>, totoboc ycTpeMHTbca Ky^a-TO «Bnepe;n» h BBepx%» . 
Tenepb qame BH^Huib acejiaHie onycTHTbca cb Bucorb o6n^ecTBeHHO» 
6opi»5u Ha 3eMJiK), nepefini kt> npHBbiqnoMy o6pasy shshh, aacievL 
sa npepBaHayK) co6uTiflMH pa6oTy r «,9,a Ka6bi KynHTb inifaToa% m- 
MejibKH, ^a nocTpoHTB Ha neM^ coScTBeHHwfi AOMHnnto>... KcTaTs, — 
ta uocjrfeflffee Bpeaia qio-To y«b oqeHb qacTo BCTptqaeuib JiD^el, 
Meqxarontux'b BCJiyxii «mifaTKt 3eMeJbKH» h «co6cTBenBOirB jp- 
MHmKt»... Hto ace aro } — noKap-b wm oxjiaacAenie? PasropaeTca ptt- 
dficKaa 36MJifl hjih ocTbiBaerb? 

PasyifteTca, Poccia necrpa h MHorococTaBHa. H HewyapeHo, ewui 
pa8ropaqeHie oahoS ea qacTH HaGjuo^aeTca oAHOBpeMeHHO ct» ouwt 
»^eHieMi> Apyrofi. MoacHO b^m h TaKi> cy^HTb. HHTejuHreHTHwaa, 
9ojtoshm'b 9 cjoamh noHBceHH CTpaniHua noTepw. HHTejjmreHiua «sa - 



r 



y C II K, U K H IK. . 4 

pefiomuiacb*— uaii'b BupaaHju'a oahhtj u.vh AyMCKHxi* opaTopoa'b. 
7 nea tfBHjacb noTpeonoc/rb OTAbixa, HaitoiuieHiji HOBbix-b en.rb. 
lftUKjy t4mi», GpoHcenie bt> Maceax'b HapoAa He Moacerb y.ieubaa, 
KO&a bo ocymecTB.ieHbi auwHeHHO-HeooxoAHMbia a.ih cTpaHbi co- 
npiajibBO-no.THTiiMecKiji pe<|>opMbi. Ho h HapoAHwa Macc.H ne ecrb 

H**TO OAHOpOAU'»0. Bt» OAHoM'h MliCT* HOC UFO AOCHiniyTO, H UapOAT*, 

TatTi cKa3aTb, oT.u»ixaeTT>. Bb ApyroMi* He rojbKO Huwro He AocTar- 
ijto, ho cTa.io xya;(\ TaM^ ABnaceuie ho rb.\n> m.ih HHuarb npii'ui- 
iairb o6c3en.rkio, »Atcb aaiiacj> nopoxa Bb nopoxoBHinjax'b AaJiew> 
mp ho HBpacxoAOBaH'b... 

H, HecoMHiuiHO, pa.3Hoo6pa.3io n nccrpoTa MHoro sHaiarb. IIo 
«C€TatH rAf> jKQ MacroBwe 8(1j(J)( j ktu? Tat MarcoBufi noA'beMi? E< rb 
eaceAHeBHUfl bciiwuikh TaMT> n 3Aieb. Hxt. MHoro. PaaposHeHHMii a 
can* 6yntro caymfiHUB, out bt> inort coaAaiorb Bt>Tro BHyuinre.ib- 
noe, 6o;ibuioe. Ho BfcAb h orb neiie.inma, na, KOTopoai'b AOTJif>Bam:b 

rOIOBHM, Hjei w b fio.lblliofi AbIMT>. Ec.lH aTuTb AWMl,— peBOJHOUJH, TO 

1*4 «e liaeeoBoe BooAyniebJieuie? Ecjh aion jiu^-h - Koneirb noacapa, 
BaMaao «cnoKOiirTBiB», to fa* a<e npiianaKii MaceoBoro AOBO.ii.CTBa, 
MarxoBoro iipiiMiipniifl ci B.iarn.io, c r b «( ymecTByiomnML cTpoeM r b»? 
B*Ab HeAapuMT. jko caMT> r. CT.ubuniirb aaroBopH.n, bt> /Ijarb oot> 
jcaoKoeiiiH cTpanu t;ikum^ tohomtj u bb TaKnx'bBupaaceHiax-b. c.iobho 
•to yniOKoeBie 'ipp3Bi.i<iaiino uoxo*,Ke na «Hec.ibixaHnyK) CMyTy*, f rpe- 
ijmnjio HeciuxaHUbix-b wl^ irponiBi^hiU'TBiji. 

II HacKojbKO a iiomiMaio, ohti, At>iioTBine-ibiio, ne spa aaroBo- 
pwb TaKHM'b TOHoarb h bt> Tauiix^ BwpaHwciJLflxi,. HbiniiiiiHee «ycno- 
Koeaie» h bi» caMO\n> j^t-i'b o'iuhb hoxo;ko Ha «cMyry>, a «myra» 
•raja, noacaayfi, iioxoAHTb na «yenoK,oeHie». ,T,bio Bb tom*, hto ooa 
•th cjioBa: «(*MyTa» h «yciioiioenie», Ka^.aioTca Jimiib pas;iiRin>ix'b 
•ToponT> oahoto h T<»ro ace MpeaBLi'iaiino c.mjKHaro uponecca. A caM* 
so ceot 9i oi^ up nieccb TaicoB'b, 'rro r. CTo.iuiiHHb ne Morb tobo- 
pMTb o HCMTi MHaie, Kaicb tohomt> ocTparo pa3ApaaceHia h iiatiKOM'b 
yrpesi>. # 

II. 

tcPoccia AOJiHcna 6biTb pahhoI! h HeA*.iHMofi», — Taifb 3HaqHTca bt> 
^anHTOJibCTBeHHMfi nporpaMMt. II btott* jioayHri* Tperba Ay Ma — -fl ro- 
B*p», KOHe^HO, oot> ea 6o.ibiuinicTBb — co«j-ia Ao.iroMb noBiopnTb bi, 
camomtj Ha»ia.it CBoefi pa6orw. OcTaBHM-b bt> CTopoH* tott> KOBapHwif 
u cfleumjmqei'Kiii cmucjit>, ojiaroAapa koto po My $-)pMy-ia: «eAHHaa h 
ee^tjaiiaji Poccia», no-ib3yeTCH 3ac.iy#KeuHoio HeiionyjinpHocTbiu. 
B# cymecTBy, ecjiH ynoTpeojBTb c.i«»Ba Bb hxt> npaMOM-b, a aa 
fCJOBHMMT> 3Ha«ieuiH, nepeAT> HaMii upocTO oa^o u:iT> MHoruxb od- 

t^MXli IffeCTb. 

♦ PuCCifl AOJiaCHa 6lITb eAHHOfi»... Ct> MeCTHLJM'b npOTIlBHIIKOMf. 

Mt&flt cnopMTb o cpeACTBaxij, oOeaiieqHBaiomiix'b cahhctbo. il AY' 



78 A. HElPHmfcBb, 

Mato, q r ro cvuihctbo u npoqHocib rocyAapcrBeHiiaru opra«H3Ma Btp- 
Hie o6e3iieqwBaeTCii pasBHTieMt 4 )(i AopaTHBiiux f b Hawajit. ,H,pyroMy 
KaaceTca HeoGxo^HMoii UPHTpajincTHqocKaji cucTeMa. KoneqHO, «$e- 
jepaTHBHua Haqa.»ia» jjjh mchh ivfeHHM He TOJibKO cb xoqRH apiHUi 
rocy^pcTBeHHaro eAHHCTBa. Ho Bee TaKH, ecjin Meauy mhoio h MOHin* 

npOTHBHIIKOM'b HAeT'b ropjIMl'fi CHOp'b, TO 3TO BOBCe Re aHa^HTb, HTt 

cahhctbo TOJibKO eMy Aoporo. 

«Poccifl ^aacHa 6wTb HC;i1>JiHMoli»... PaayMieTCH, He nee Tyrb aa- 
bhchtl oti> Haniefi Ao6pofl bojih. 9io xopomo noHHMajrb BapraaBCKifi 
renepajrb ryfiepHarop'b (kaJioH'b, yrp>acaH repMancKHarb HamecTBieM'b 
rp. TwinKeBHny, JIii6HijK0My 11 flueony, a qepe3 n u HXb iuiobli h BceMy 
HacejieHiio «BB r fcpeHHaro eny Kpaa». Xopoino nuHuwajrb 9to h o$$h- 
ijio^Tb coBtTa miihiictpobt*, yrpoaeaa Beeaiy nacejieniio Poccia, w« 
pyccKan Bjiacrb Baityerb noAAepacRy Bb repMaHCROM'B HMnepaTopi. 
Ho nocit0.ibKy A^Jio 3aBHcnrb orb Harnett bojih, hh o^Ha mi* o6me- 
poccificKHX'b riojiHniqecicwx'b napTifi He coSupaeTCH AiuiHTb Poccifi) 8 

•TJ,aBaTb efl OOJJaCTH COCfeAHMT*. 

«Poccia Ao.i>KHa 6biTb e^HHofi h HeA"fcJiHMo8»... Ho, B'bflb, 9to saa- 
HHi^b Taicace, qTO Ao.i/Kea'b fiim ijeMeHTb, rotopliS cnocooeffb cnaaqM - 
Baib 140-MiuiJiioHHyio JiioiCKyK) nbLib bi, 6ojiiie hjih MeHte CTpofinot 
h opraHH30BaHHoe ivkioc. H Ka3ajiocb 6bi, aojhkhi,i Ghtb ocHOBama 
npe^iio-iaraTb Hajinqiioeib 9Toro ijeMeHTa. XyAO hjih xopomo, ho Poc- 
cia ao chxt> nopx acnjia, KaK'b caMOCTOHTeJibHoe rocy^apcTBo. HpoqH* 
hjih cJia6o, ho en Kpafine necipoe HaceJieHie 6ijjio Tbni>-To cnaaHG. 
HycTb cnaiiKa 6biJia oqeHb HecoBepraeHHa. HycTb cnaaHLi 6wjih jmnn. 
HiKOTopua iacTH rocyjiapcTBa, a Apyria AepauuHcb hhcto MexaHH- 
qecKH cHJiofi) opysKia. Ho BceTaKH HiROTopuft i^MeHTb, HecoMeiHHO, 
6bijn>. A botb Ha cqerb Toro, coxpaHH.icH jih oht>,— MHtHia Moryrb 

6bITb pa3HbIfl. 

KoHe^HO, HCTopia noKa He sHaerb rocyAapcTBij, T$h Bee npHBe 
jeno wh e^HHCTBy w rapMOHin, ta* h1>ti> npoTiiBoptqifl, yrpoacaio- 
mMXi* pacriaAOWb. Bt> Ka/KAOMT> con;iajibHOM'b opraHH3Mt ecTb onim 
CTpeMJieHin i^eHTpo6tacHWH, — ecTb BpaacAa, ecrb cxo-iKHOBeHie h 6opb6d 
npoTHBonojioHCHbix'b HHiepecoB-b. Ho ecTb Taicace h H^qro iteHTpG- 
cTpeMHTejibHoe, Koxopoe noMoraer r b opraHM3My He pacuaAaTbca Ha 
cocraBHUH qacxH. KaHCAoe con,iaju>Hoe t b.io MomeTi) 6urh wqacTja 
cpaBneHO cl HaxoBusfb KOJiecoMb. Xopouio CKpbriJieHbi tocth k#- 
ieca,-~OHo pa6oTaerb. HapyniiiJiocb cKpiiLieHie, — - h KOJieco paase- 
TaeTc^i Ha KycKH. 

CaarL no ceot n,emn.Yb, KOTopwii CBaawBaerb h opraHH3yerb ie~ 
jiOBtqccKyK) nujib, — Bmib cioacHafl h MHoroeocraBHaa. Bt> Hero bx©- 
jLSLTb MCmAy npoqHMTb xade oOmie BJieMeiiTU, KaR'b HHCTiiHRTb caMt- 
coxpaHenia hjih 6opb6a sa cymecTBOBaHie, — KOTopme aerKarB bt. 

•CHOBt BCHKOfi COU,iaJIbHofi 3KU3HH. BoJIbHiytO pOJb Bl> CMUCJllj 06^C- 

^tifleHia qeJioB'bqecKiixb ocooeii B'b Torb hjih j^pyrofl rocyiapcTBeHHufl 
•praHH3M r b HrpaioTb HcxopHqecKia oSpaaoBaHin y civil qiiBaro, mjm~ 



y <; u o k u k h i k. 7t 

TeJbBaro xapaitrepa, bt> poA'b oCmsjro a3MKa hjih ofimefl pejuiriH. 
Hrpaiorb pojib TaKae HCTopa^erKia o6pa30«auia He CTOJib ycToilqiiBua, 
Hanp., oGmee yBaaceme kt, rfcirb h,ih hhlimt> rocyAapcTBeHHWM r i> 
ycTanoBJieHieMb. Bojibnioe 3HaneHin Hurberb ofimnocTb aiiOHOMH*iecKHX% 
»HTepecoBT>. MHoro BHauarb nopoio .name CKoponpexo^amiH HBJiema 
Kyabrb HanojieoHa hjih peuyTauja TaMoeTTu bo <£paHuhi. nonyjiap- 
iccTb noKofinofi BuKropiu bt> BoJniKo6piiTaHiu hjih <I>paBua-IocH<j>a 
Bb ABCTpo-BeHrpiii, — HecoMidiHHo, coA^ficrBOBajiH i*eMeHTnpoBaHi» 
•CmjecTBa. ^aace naMHTb o TaKHXT* noKOfimiKax'b, Kain> nimuep'b hjib 
Fexe, IIIeKcniip'b hjih MiuibTOHb, BojbTepi, hjih 3KopHn>-3aHA'b: 
Koctkhhko hjih MumceBHYb, ecTb cnjia ijeHTpocTpeMHTe.ibHaa, h icaK'b 
laKOsaa, BXOAHrb oahhmtj ii3-b cocTaBnux-b ajieMCHroBi. bt* TOT'b ije- 
MeHTb. KOTopbift cnaiiBaerb jno^oii bt> onpeA&ieHHoe o6mecTBeHHO§ 
hjih rocy^apcTBeHHoe itfuioe. 

3A*cb He m^cto roBopHTb. icaicie HMeHHo ajieMenTM HeoSxojpMU, 

A KaKOfl HMeHHO CHJIbl OHH AOJIH.HM 6lJTb, TTOStl Morjio cymecTBOBaT* 

•OBpeMeHHoe HaNTb rocyAapcTBO. 3j,tcb He irtero TaKace onpeA*^Tb, 
tattoro HMeHHO cociaBa 6burb ijeMenrb, KOTopuB ao cnxb nop-b cnaH- 
sajn> Pocciio. JI,Jia Hac/b noKa AocTaToiHo o6maro yKasaHia, ito co- 
ciaBTb moTh KpafiHe cjioaceHb, h hto AajieKO He bc* BJieaieHTbi, bxo- 
jamie bti Hero, oahiukobo npo^HLi h OAHHaKojp CesycjioBHW. Coitfajib- 
HKifi i^eMeHT'b, ecjiH no3BOJieno Tairb Bi.ipa3HTbca, He ecTb Ht*T§ 
BiiHoe. Oht* Moacerb h o6HOBjaTbca h BWBiTpiiBaTbca h y&ptnjiHTbca 
h paapymaTbca. Ho ecjiii pa3CMOTp1iTb tott* ijeMeHTb, KOTopwM'b 6uj[a 
KpinKa Poccia Ao-peBOJiioiijoHHaro nepiona, h KOTopuE neo6xoA»M , b, 
»tTo6'b ocymecTBHTb HbmtiHHioK) npaBiirejibCTBeHByH) nporpa\iMy, to... 
fl Borb ynoMaHyjn> o pejiarin. He GyAeMT* ptmaTb, njoxo hjui 
xopoino npaBocjiaBie. Ho, oho, bo bchkomb cjiyqat, cnaHBajio, ecjin 
BipHTb n,H(|>paM'b neperiHcit 1897 r., cBbiiiie 87 MiuuiioHOB'b wo- 
BtKb, — no^TH 70°/ Bcero HacejieBia PocciH. Bto 6bijn> OAHH-b wai> 
rpaHHTHbix-b ycToeBt, Ha KOTopuxi, A^P^stJiacb TpaAHiiioHHaa, naipiap- 
xajbnaa pocciiicKaa oSmecTBeHHOCTb. Huh* aaae «HoBoe BpeMa», 
BOitce ne cooHHoe «KOHCTaTHpoBaTb», iio «ycTOH» pa3pymeHbi, hh- 
aierb: 

ic'^To-ffi'b CKpbiBaTb ynaAOK-b Btpw? Eme BCTptqaemb Koe-rA* b4- 
pya>mux'b JH)Aeil, ho ao ^ero hxt> Majio Aance cpeAn npociaHapoAbal.. 
BojibHOMUGJiie, KOTupoe npa HauiHX'b A r bAaxi oxsaTHBajo aptiCTOKpa- 
Tiio, a npn oTn;ax'b— cpeAHiii HHTejunreHTHbifi oaccb, - BOJibHOMMCJiiii 
•nycTHJiocb ao npoconapcuba h npoii3B jahti* TaMT» HeBtpoaTHbia ony- 
•TomeHui. MojioAe/Kb A^P eBeHCKaiI Y&Q nouui OTCTaaa orb i^epKBH. 
X.ajKe bt> So.ibiuie npa3AHHKH ho BiiAiiiHb bt> ceiibCKHX'b xpaMaxis 
* MOJiamaxca, — pa3B'b cTapiiKii npuopeAyr'b Aa 6a6u... HapoA'b ymejft 

• r'b UCpKBH HJIH CTpeMHTeJIbHO yXOAHTTb* *). 

TepMHHOJioria B r b ftps tupaa* «HuBaro BpeaieHH» KpaiiHe npn~ 

*) «Hob. Bp.», 25. XI. 1007. 



W A. UETPHlUEB'b. 

lofJiHBa h enocoGfla noAaib noBo;rb ki» 6ojibniHM r b HeA°pa3jMiiHi«Mi>. 
Bii qacTnocTif, OTHOCiiTiMbHo «yna,HKa B*fcpM» hijhw HaMT> Heofixo- 
jhmo 6yAerb CA^JiaTb uechwa cymecTBenHun oroBopKH h nonpaBKB. 
Ho ocHOBnoe ynaaaHie, qio Haia-ica CTppMiiTejibHufl chcxoat^ Ha- 
poaa hbt» npahocjiaBHOfi uepKBH, e^Ba m mojkho ociiapHBaTb. 3iort 
^aKTa, A*ficTBiiTejibHO, He 3aqtMT> citpuBaTb, m6o Bee paeHo «• 
cspoeiDb. 

HecoMH'bRHo, na miuinx'b r.iaaax'B coBepinaeica «ucxoivb napoa* 
i3T> uepKOBHaro iurhHeHia», KaKT> Bbipaaiuica 6u BparB n,epKBit 
JJ'fcjio, OAnaKO, utcKojibKO aiojKHte, ntM-b iipodofi «hcxoat> Hapo.ua*. 
CaMO AyxoBeHCTBO, caMii KopMiie nopicoBHaro KopaSaa, cyaa no BceMy, 
le iyBCTByioTi» noA^ cofioro TBopaoit ho'ibm, He lyBCTByiorb Toft yB*- 
peHHOCTii bt> cefrfc, Koropaa noaBOJiaen* nopoio cKa3aTb: 

— Mu TepaeM'b Bee. Ho mu npaBti. Ilcniua Ha Hamefi ct#- 

pOB*.., 

HecoMHtHHO, ceitaacb y iipaBorviaBHoii ijepKBH ecTb oxothukh aa- 
•amamaTb ee. H flarce npeAiipuH^TM BeebMa ptmiue.ibHbia Mtpu b\ 
Ji.tjiflX'b aamiiTbi. Pa6oTaeiT> bt> btomt> uanpaBJieHin npoKvpaTypa, 
ipHBjieKUiaa Mspanuoe itojiiiqociBO jiinepaTopoBt no 73 h 74 ct yro- 
joBnaro yjiorcema. TpyjuiTca cBHTiiiinifi cHHojn,, HiraojKHBimft 3* 
ioeJit>Anee upeiua MHoatecTBO cBHineHMiKOB'b. TpyaiiTca nojnmeficicaji 
uiacTb. TpyAHTca coio:rb pyccnaro Hapofla, oTKpbiBinifl Meacjiy npo- 
hhmi>, noxuATj npoTHBi nberu r-Ha IlporoiionoBa «HepHbie BopoHu» e 
ycMUTpHBaa bt> ev! HenpiflTewii HaneKii Ha cboito cou.ieHa o. IoaHHa 
KpoBfflTaATCKaro. 3aiuHTHiiKn, HecoMntHHO, ecrb. Ho BHarorb jih ohi, 

KaKYIO COCcTBeHHO TeppiiTOpiK) HMT> H) T 2KH0 3amil1H,aTb, — 9T0 H(*- 
*3/fcCTH0. 

Bt> K0Hn,t Hoafipa neiepfiyprcKOMy .uyxoBeHCTBy, h BucHieMy 
x BHsniewy, MejKjy upoqiiMt iipmujiocb no HeBO-rfc BHHKHyrb b> 
t^HHTi Bui ocHOBHbix'b BonpocoBT, npaBOojiaBia. noBOAOM'b noaiyaciur* 
pe^eparb r-Ha PosanOBa bt> pejjHiio3HO-(J)M^oco(J)CKOM f b ofimecrBt Ha 
Teny «0 cjiaAqaiimewb iHcyct m ropbKiix'b iiJioaax-b mpa». T. Po3a* 
hobt, cTajii Ha Ty TO'iKy 3ptnia, qio xpucTiaHCTBo ecTb pejiuria «h^ 
•OBepuieHCTBOBaHia h:jh jjiymueiUH Mipa, a OTpeneHiH ott> Hero». 
^EBHBrejiie He iipaBnaerB hh }KH3Hepa,fl,ocTHocTH, hh y^OBojibCTBia^ 
hh BJiK)6.ieHH0CTM)». Mu, HaiipiiMtp^, we MosKenfB npeAdaBHTb ce6*, 

«!T06bl XpMCTOCb If JIH ailOCTOJIbl CMliHJIHCb. ' «BblJIH JKeHaTHe anOCTOJIH. 

Ho h aceHHTbfia hxi> ObiJia KaKaa-TO ocooeHHaa, cjiobho He 3eM- 
Haa» *). 

TaKOBa Tesa. ■B'b ouf>HKt ea mohcho, kohchho, cTaTb Ha HCTopHKt- 
iHTepaTypHyio Tonuy sp'bHifl. M croa Ha Heft, Aooa^ r. Po3aH0Ba, 
HpH^eTca npH3Harb cniouiHUMij Heaopa3yMtHieM , b. Hat BctxT> ochob- 
■bixi* pe.iHri()3Hhix , b KHiirb, EBaHrejiie iiwb hmchho OTJiHqaeTca, mt# 



*) IJ,nTaTbi, ooo3HaHeHHbifl KaBU^KaMn BaaTH hst* OTHeTa o pe^epaT* 
r. PoaaHOBa ut> }q 278 «P*b*iH». 



j 



..jS 



ycuoKOEflifc). 81 

oiiHcame npopo^ecKaro cjiyaseHia Xpucra HaqaTo SparaburL nnp- 
raecTBOMij bt> rajiHjeficKoS Rank, sarbirb He OAHOKpaTHO npepHBaeTca 
ynoMBEaniaMH o MHornx'b Apyrnx r b nnpinecTBax'b h aaKaH^HBaeTca 
nBpmecTEeuHHM'B Becejibeifb b*l ^om* BocKperaeHHaro jlasapa. Taicoro 
o6HjbHaro ynoMHHama o HHpmecTBeHHbix'B paAOCTax-b HirL hh b% 
KopaHi, hh B'b iihthkhhsuh MoHceeBOM'B. Hh bt> KaKofl ApyroM ochob- 
hoS pejiHrio3Hofi KHHrfc bh He Hafi^eTe HacTofiiHBaro, HOAiepKHyTaro, 

HO^TH KaKTb BH30BTE* BHtlHHeMy 6jiarO*ieCTiK) H aCK6TH3My, HanoMH- 

Hams, qio «y^HTeJii> B03Jie»ajn> Ha HHpniecTBi ci» MbrrapaMH h rpim- 
HHKaMH*. 9to, 6htl Moacerb, HaH6ojrfce TporaTejibHaa h Hanfojrbe 
yBJieKaTejibHaa cTopoHa HCTopnqecKofi iacTH EBaHrejiia. Ee-TO HMeHHO 

T. PoBaHOBt H C^HTaeTb B03M0HHbIM , b coBepmeHHO HrHOpHpOBaTb. 

MOHHO nOJlOflTH KT» T634 r. P03aHOBa CTb HayiHO-6orOCJIOBCKOft 

to^kh sptHifl. H Tor^a npeac^e Bcero npHAeTca cnpocHTb: 

— KaKOBTL ^xpncTiaHCTBi* H^erb ptqb? XpncTiaHCTBO, b4a&, 

KaX^OK) T^epKOBbH) «H KaffiflOK) CeKTOBJ UOHHMaeTCH H TOJIKyeTCfl no- 

cBoeMy. 

HaKOHei^'b, a^h npaBocjiaBHaro nacrbipa shoot* ecTecTB6HH0 CTOHTb , 
Ha no^Bt npaBOCJiaBnofi a,orMti, npaBOCJiaBflaro noHHMama xpHCTian- 
cTBa. H ctb 9T0JB nocjrfcuHeli to^kh splraia, BsrjiHA'b r. PosaHOBa 6e3y- 
nperao ijepKOBeHi. h aaeojiHqeH'b. T. PosaHOB-b B3fljrb ijeHTpajibHbifi 
-nyHKTb npaBocJiaBifl h, B'b cymHOCTH, jamb noBTopM'b MHoroKpaTHo 
BOSB^meHHyio npaBOCJiaBHyro HCTiiHy: 

— HAeajrb 6jiaroqecTia — nojiHoe OTpeqeme orb Mipa h A^^era. 
Ho RaKT> pa3i» HMeHHO cpeAH npaBocjiaBHUx'b nacrbipefi Ha cefi 

paa'b aTOTb, KasaJiocb 6bi, TBepno ycTaHOBJieHHbifi h o6meH8BicTHHfi 
B3rjLflAi> npaBOCJiaBHofi ijepKBH, Bm3Ba.iT> KOJieSaHin. Oahh nacrapH 
B03pa»ajiH r. PoaaHOBy *) y npn Heart HbnajiHCb Aasce cTaTb Ha BecbMa 
cKOJibSKyro jsfls. hext. HCTopHKO-jiHTepaTypHyio Toiay 3ptaifl. ,3,pyrie, 
KaKT> 6yATO h coroainajiHCb c% HHifb, h KaKS» 6yAT0 He piniajiHCb 
corjsacHTbca bhojih*... 

HoBTopnio, 3T0 OMeHb MejiKifi annsoA'b. BAyMafiTecb, ©AHaKO, Vh 
Hero. CTpaHa oxBaieHa cTpeMJieHieM'b o6aaroo6pa3HTb cBoe rocynap- 
cTBeHHoe 6biTie. «PyccKie npaBOCJiaBHHe jooah» yBJieqeHH a;eJiaHieMi> 

yjiyifflHTb CBOH) «MipCKyK)», €36MHyro SCH3Hb». BTb O^eBHAHOfi CBH3K 
CTb 9T0fi Tflrofi KT* MipCKHM-b A^aMX r-HOMl> POBaHOBHM'b HanOMH- 

HaeTca T^epKOBHaa To^Ka 3pfcHi.a. ^ijiaeTca nonHTKa BHABHHyTb Ha 
nepBHfi njiaHi gajieKQ He MajiOBa»Hbie bohpoch. Botl, Hanp., Ayxo- 
BeHCTBo yqaBCTByeTi. bt> pa6oTax*b TocyAapcTBeHHOfi JI,yMH. CnpaniH- 
BaeTca, — corjiacHO sto cx npaBOCJiasHMMt noHHMameM'b xpHcriaHCTBa 
hjih necooacHO? Bonpocb, HecoiraiHHO, ocTpufi. Ho « Mips He » paBHo- 

AyfflHIJ, — OHH B^A^j «CTpeMHT6JIbH0 yXOAHT'b^. A HaCTLipH He SHaiOTb, — 

TaKii oho hjih He TaKT*, cH>Aa hjih TyAa, Ha iorb AopataTb aypcb hjih 



*) Cm. <P*Hb^, 24. XL 1907, 



82 A. HETPHmEB'b. 

Ha cbBep'B... Baifl Baina, — sto chmiitom'b ho tojibko yMaieHia DjepoBH, 

KaffB OAHOrO H31» yCTOCB'B 6HJIOft 06m;eCTBeHH0CTH. 

^ojiroe Bpeiifl HecoKpyinaMLiMT> Kasajcfl h Apyrofi ycToft— jBase- 
Hie k*b HCTopuqecRoft BjiacTfl. Oho 6hjio. Oho cnaaBajio jito^efi. Ha 

qTO CB HHITB CT£U[0, — 06*B BTOM'B M03CHO CyAHTB H6 TOJTbKO HO H6- 

o6£iKHOB6HHOMy o6h.UK) cyAe6Hbix'B gbra, B036yxAaeHU7B Ha ocHosa- 
HiH 128, 103 h TOMy noAo6Hux , B daieft yiuaoBHaro yjio»eHiH, xora 
h caMO no ce64 bto «o6HJiie»-— chmhtobtb TfeBoatHufl. Mh4 ho pan* 
HpHXO^Hjiocb OTMtqaTB rjy6oiciH nepeifbHU vb «yMOHaooHeHiH» Ha- 

POAHHX'B MaCCB. IIpHXOAHJIOCb yKa3KlBaTB Ha $aKTbI, CBH^TOJIBCTByB- 

mie, KaKofi cmhcji'b iiphhhjih bt» HapoAHOM'B co3HaHin 6bUbie aBTopa- 
T6TBI. Hpe3BBiqafiH0 pa3HT6JibHafl nepeMtna B'B OTHomeHiax'B Hapo^a 
icb aBTopHTOTy HCTopHqecKofi BjiacTH BOo6me oTM^qajiacB He pas* 
MHoraMH opraHaMH rieqaTH. TaifB qTO bto ofidOHTejibCTBO mojkho cqii- 
TaTB AOdaToqHO BbiHCHenHbrM-B. Bo3Bpan;aTBCfl k'b HeMy ocofiofi Hyajpj 
HtrB. MeacAy rfeivrB HHHimHia BHimmH ycjioBia BecBMa Heeaaronpiai- 
CTByrorB yrJiyfijeHiio bt> aiy r reMy. IloaTOMy orpanaqycB npocTHM* 
yKaaaHieM'B Ha cirfcAyromee xoth 6m HBJieHie. 

CefiqacB bt> PocciH HirB ry6epma, b'b KOTopofi He BBe^eHO hckji®- 
qHTejibHoe nojioaceme. H He 3Haio, moscho jih HafiTH xoTb oaho ceze, 
bt> kotopom'b He 6hjio 6h iipaBjieqeHHaro 3a HHcapoBepjKeHie cyme- 
arby&maro cTpoa, 3a Aep3ocTHoe HeyBaacenie kt> BepxoBHofi BjiacTH 
hjih b'b apyroM'B TaatKOM'B rocyAapcTBeHHoarB npecTynjieHiH. KameTca, 
caaia BJiacTB a&bho yace noTcpajia cqerB «npHBJieqeHHbM'B» eio, npH- 
roBopeHHMM'B, BbicjianHbiMi), cocjiaHHBJM'L, o6ucKaHHtJM r L, apecTOBaH- 
HHM'b... «IIpecTynHHKOB , B> noHBHjiocb npsMO TaKH 6e3qHCJieHHoe mho- 
acecTBO. H yace oaho sto qpe3Mi>pHoe o6ajiie «npocTynHHKOBT>», hobto- 
paio, HarjHAHO CBH.o.tTeji^CTByeT'B, qTO c*b aBTopHTeTOM'B BjiacTH ji^ta 
06cT0flrB HO BaacHo. 

HaKaKoe npaBHTejiBCTBo He pimiiTca ctojib AaJieao hath b'b paao- 
fijiaqeHiH co6cTBeHHaro MopaHbHaro 6e3CHJiiH, ecjra oho xotb ckojbko- 

HH6yAB OCTOpOfflHO H Aa.lbH030pE0, H eCJIH OHO H6 CTOJIKHyTO o6ctoh- 

TejibCTBaMH Ha poKOBofi ajih Hero nyTB. ? Ho cyTB, roBopio, He b'b oahoitb 
qpe3MtpH0M , b o6HJiiH «nojiHTHqecKHX , B npecTynHHKOB^». Bkltb MoacerB, 
eme BaacHte o6biBaTejibCKifl Bzrjiwb no aTOMy noBOAy. EABa HaqajHCB 
pa6oTH TpeTbefi AyMu, Kauii BJiacTB coqjia am ce6a Heo6xoAHMUM'B «cy- 
Ahtb BTopyK) ^,yMy>. IloqTH bch coaiaxB-AeMoKpaTHqecKaa $paKqia bto- 
pofl A7 MM OKaaajiacB npecTynHofi; Bci, koto yAaJiocb cxBaTHTB, nocaaceHH 
Ha CKaMBK) HOAcyAHMbixi); h ho'ith bc4 nocaaceHHbie oco6bim'b npncyT- 
cTBieMi) ceHaTa uparoBopeHbi icb tjjjkkmm'b HaKa3aHiaM'B. OAHaKo, BJiacrt 
He pimHJiacB «cyAHTB BTopyro ,3,yMy» rjiacHO, npii OTttpHTbixT* ABepax^. 
H OAHOAHeBHaa 3a6acT0BKa no cjiyqan) btoto cyAa, — 3a6acTOBKa, n* 
KOTopofi, no npa6jiH3MTejibHbiM , B noAcqeTaM'B yqacTBOBajio ao 700 ra- 
caq'B pa6oqaxT», — ^jihuib noAqepKHyaa, qTO y BjiacTH 6wjih ocHQBa- 
TejiBHHH npHqHHM 6oHTbca OTKpwTbix'b ABepefi. KaKTb 6hjio HHa^« 

nOCTJHHTB, 6CJIH OqeBHAHO, qTO BJiaCTB H 06BIBaT6JIb CMOTpATB Ka 



ycnOKOEHIE. OO 

BTopy© ^yiiy g% BecBMa hpothbohojiojkhbix'b Toqera 3piHia? 3a npH- 
roBopoMt coitfaji'B-AeMOKpaTOB'B BTopofi ,3,yMBi Kt KaTopKHMM'B pa6o- 
Tain* cjit^yerB «cyA"B Ha^t nepBoft ,JjMOfl». Ho hh &m koto He 
cenperB, ^to h othochtchbho nepBofi .HyMU Me«Ay npaBHTejBCTBOM'B 
h ynpaBiaeMBiMH cymecTByerB Hen;pHMHpnMoe pa3Horjiacie. 

9to cb OAHofi CTopoHH. A cb Apyroft, npHOOMHHTe, Hanp., ropB- 
aifl aajiofiti «HoBaro BpeMeHn» Ha nojioaceHie yBOjieHHBirB bt> aa- 
nacB hhjkhhx'b qnHOB'B rBapaeficKaro ceiieHOBCKaro noJiKa, yqacrao- 
BaBinflX'B bt> «ycMHpemH Mockbh*. BjacrB noSjiaro^apHJia h Harpa- 
AHjia BipHBix , B efi ceMeHOBD;eB , B. A o6iJBaTejrB, no cjiOBaarB «HoBaro 
BpeM.>, no^BeprB hx* CBoeo6pa3HOMy SoftKOTy. 

Maoro 6bi mokho HanoMHHTB Tattax^ $aKTOB'B. H Kor^a BAyMH- 

BaeiHBCH B'B HX*B KpaCHOptqHBHft CMBTCJTB, TO IipaBO, nopOH) HeBOJBHO 

onpaniHBaeniB ce6a: 

— IIOJIHO, CTOflJI'B JIH KOrfla-HHfiyjliB B'B PoCCiH BLICOKO aBTOpH- 
TeTB BJaCTH, aBT0pHT6Tl> HaqaJIBCTBa? 

O^HaKO, e^Ba jih moscho coMHiBaTBca, qio ohb 6btjtb, a^Actbh- 
TejiBHO bbicok'b. CqnTajrB ace pyccKifi MysHttii aojuwb CHHMaTB inanity 
npn BCTpi^h cb «racnoj^HHOM r B B'B KOKapAt*. H sto yBaaceme K'B 
npocTofi KOKapA*, kt> RoneeqHOMy CHMBoay BJiacTH, nrpajio BaacHyio 
pojB B'B pyccKofi wh3hh. Oho 6ueo nopoio KOMHqHO, nopoH) onacHo, 
TaKi> KaKTb cjiyjKHJio 6jiaronpiaTHofi noqBOio ajih aBaHTK>pH BCflKaro 
po^a. Ho yBaaceme fla»e wb RoneeqHOMy cHMBO.iy BaacTH BceTaRH 

oS'BeAHHHJIO JUOAefi. HBIH4 UJTRVLWb BIiaJTB B'B 030pCTB0. He 3HaK), 

y^acTcfl jh ero npHHyAHTB cipaxoM-B HaKa3aHiH k'b Toaiy, qTofi&i owb 
no npejKHeMy cHHMajrB raanKy nepejrB KOKapAoio. Ho ecaH 6u. h yaa- 
jiocb, to mbi hmIsh 6h MaccoBofi crpax-B HaKaaaHia, miy KOToparo 
qacTO po^HTca HeHaBHCTB, ho e^aa jih xotb KorAa-Hn6yAB poahjiocb 
yBaaceHie. 

Aojiroe speMH ho^th B'B naTpiapxajibHoft-qHCTorh coxpaHaica po- 
AHTejBCKifl aBTopaTeTT*. PyccKaa ceMefiHaa BJiacTB, 6e3anejuiaii;ioHHaH, 
cypoBaa, Cma Kara 6bi MHHiaTiopofl aBTOKpaTHqecKoft rocyjjapcTBeH- 
Hofi BJiacTH. PyccKaa ceaiBa npeACTaBJiajia hmohho Ty aqettay, h3t> 
€OBOKynHOCTH KOTopux-B co3AaeTCH nojHi^eltcKoe rocyAapcTBO. TenepB 

HHL1C CTaJIH HpaBBI. 

Buio MHoroe Apyroe, ne Bcer^a ctojib ace BaacHoe, KaKi. aBTopn- 
•perB uepttBH, aBTopHTerB BJiacTH, aBTopHTeT'B ceMbH, h, OAHaKO, hm4b- 
fflee, BT> 6ojn>meS hjih MeHBraefi CTeneHH oSnieHaqiOHajiBHoe SHaqeHie. 
BBiAa, Hanp., Btpa b-b HenoS^AHMOCTB pyccKofi apaiin. nycTB bto — 
CBoero po^a HJWK)3iH, ncnxo3'B. Ho oh'b cuaHBajn* JiroAefi, 06'BeAHHHJi'B 
hxt* na H^Koeinb oCmeM'B jtpa hhx'b qyBCTBt Hai^ioHajibHott ropAOCTH. 
Ta* TenepB stpa, hto mh Heno6*AHMti? Mh* BcnoMHHaeTCH cefiqacB 
noqTH CMtfflHaa MejoqB. B'B a^tctb* h He pas'B cjiBiniaji'B B'B naSax'B 
OpjoBCKofl ry6epHin AOJirie pa3roBopu aohckomti KaaaqecTB*. 06h- 
kaTejB KopoTaji'B cboh BeqepHie AOcyrn, BpeMH-OTT»-BpeMeHH pa3CKa- 
5HBaa hjh cjiymafl JiereHAH o6*b «yAajioM'B aTaManfe n,naT0Bt», 

6* 



84 A. nETPHmEKb. 

iJHXHX'b M0.10imaXT> AOHIiaX'b*. Il03SCe MH* lipHXOAHJIOCb CAblUiilTL 

Tarie ae o6uBaTejibCKie paaroBopti B'b KypcKOfl h KaayacKoft ryfiep- 
Hiflrb. 9to 6ujiu naTpioTHqecirie pasroBopbi, He jiHineHHHe ropaocTH,— 
qTO botb, moji., wb Hainefl MaTymtti-PocciH ecTb Karie mojkotbi, botb, 
iiojrb, ecTb KaKie y Hacb samHTHHKH... HycTb cirfcinHO a*ro 6hjio. Ho 
3to 6hjio. 9to o6^e«HHHJio xoth 6h TOJibKO Br&KOTopyio qacTb Haceie- 
His. Hbifffc sasaibfl caaBa Ha oahoS jihhIh co onaBOio HHrymeft. H 
Ka^aKam,, KaK'b aHeKflOTHqecKofi kos% saBHSHyBmefi bt» TepHOBHHKfc, 
npaxo^HTCH neHHTb JHmb na cboh pora. j 

He 6yny rosopHTb o toA MeTaMop$o3i, KaKyro npeTepnijrb npe- 
cTHacb cyna. He 6y^y roBopHTb h o tom*l npeflCTaBjemH, KaKoe cio- 
SHiocb B'B paflOBOfi o6uBaTejQfbCKOfi rojiOB-b oTHocHTejbHO poccifiCKOfi 
aaKOHHOCTH. He 6yay KacaTbca h MHoraro apyroro, ^to TaK, & mh 
HHaqe coaificTBOBajio cnjioqeHiro juo^cKofi hhuh h ito hhh* pa- 
cTafljio... 

«Sko xaerb bocktb orb jiima orHa»... 

He see, KoneqHo,- pacTaajro TOJibKO Tenepb. Oaho, B'b poflt 
Ka3aibe& caaBH hjh Btpu b*b Heno6iAHMOcTb pyccKofi apiiiH, 
paacHnajiocb KaK*b-TO cpasy, Bflpyrb, sa 2-3 nocjiiyjHie roaa 
Apyroe, KaK'b aBTopHTerb n;epKBH, paspyniaaocb MejjaeHHo, B'b Te- 
qeme MHorax'b AecaTHJitTifi. H He Bee pa3pymeHHoe mh paspy- 
maromeecjj Hir&erb OAHHaKOByio i$Hy. EcTb MejioqH, b*b po^i «Ka- 
aaqbefi* caaBH. B'b o6mefi ysymrfc offfc cocTaBJiflioTb H-hqTo. Ho B'b 
oiwfejibHOCTH BBflTafl KasaqbH cjiaBa Morja 6urb, Morjia Hcqe3Hyrb, 
ho 8to e^Ba jih choco6ho noTpacTH rocyAapcTBeHHbifi opraHHsm. 
Ectb Bemn 6ojite cepbe3Hbia, Oaho ncqesHOBeme, Hanp., Btpti bt> 
apMiio caMO no ce64 Moserb nponsBecTH nepTypfiaitfK). Edb, naKO- 
neyb, Bema npaMO TaKH ptmaiomaro 3Haqema. JlerKO cKasaTb: «Ha- 
pOfl'b CTpeMHTeJIbHO yXO^HTb H3T> ijepRBH*. Ho b*^ ecra 6h ceS- 
qacb bi, Poccin 6burb TOJibKO BTorb «cTpeMHT6JibHbjft yxojrb* h hh- 
qero 6ojibme, to h bt> Taaoin* cjyqa4 mu HMtjiH snoaHi AOCTaToq- 
Hyio npnqHHy hjia peBOJUon^a. Jlerao csasaTb Taoce: «aBTopHTerb 
HCTopHqecKoft BJiacTH najiii*. Ho b*ai> QCJih 6h OHTb najii TOJibKO 
OTqacTH, ecjiH 6u noTepn*jia KpymeHie tojo>ko, Hanp., HecoMffhHHO 
6b]BiuaH HapoAHaa Bipa, hto HCTopnqeci£aff BJiadb j&crh 3eMJH, wh, 
no KpafiHefi Mtpt, xoqerb flarb, to, npaBO, ^HaMi> He3aqiMT> 6mjio 6m 
HCKaTb jipyrax-b hoboaob'b am «HecjitixaHHofi cMyTH». 

Mhothxt. nyraeTi* cjiobo: «peBOJiK)i4fl». Ho peBOJiroi^ia, wb ea 

06iiqHOMT> nOHHMaHlH, BCOTaRH nopUB'b HapOAHbLX 1 * MaCCb, CKOBaH- 

hhxi> o6m,eK) HfleeBo, o6m;eK) Bipoio, o6meK) HaAeatAoio. HopHB'b, 
cTpamHufi CBoeio pa3pyuiHTeJibHofl cHJofi, ho 6jiaroji,tTeJU>Hbifi, KaK'b 
ciijia TBopqecKaa. B'b pobojib3i4h ecTb o6 r bewEaiom\& MOMeHT'b. Cefi- 
qacb B'b Poccin iipohcxoahtl HiqTO APyroe, h, 6iiTb Moaerb, Soirfee 
cTpaniHoe, qtMii peBOjiroi^ifl. Hepe^ Haiia He oO^e^HeHHaa B'b 
eAHHOAyinHourb nopuBt cTpaHa, a KaK'b 6u pascnnaBmaACH xpaMHfla. 
CTOHJia OHa, noKa n,eMeHrb, cKptnjiaBniifi ee, 6hun> npoqeH'b. Ho 



' 



y C II U K E H I E. 85 

sorb ofb BBiB^Tpujicfi, paspyniHjica, h pa3CHnaaacb juoAcaaa nwjib, 
h pacRajmjiacb orb B3aHMHbix T b TOjqKOB'b h Tpenifi. dpana npanura 
3i> paciLsaBjeHHoe xaoTHqecKoe cocToame. HepeA'b HaMH hmchho 
KaKi> 6m pacujiaBJieHHa^ h fiypHO-ooKoqymaa aiacca. H Korfla Brjup- 
AHBaembca, Kajfb OHa KJionoierb, to HesojibHO cTaBHmb cefi* ayTKift 
Bonpocb: 

— Hto HOCMTca HaAi> Hero? atuBHTejbHHfl jih ^yxT> Boaift? Hih 

CMepTb, H TOJDEbKO CMepTb? 



III. 

KaaaJiocb 6m, HeJbBH, fies-b aHBHTeabHaro ,3,yxa Boaia. IlycTb 
cxapilfl ueMeHTi, paapyniHjica. Ho bto He sHaiHTb, ito ffbrb HOBaro 
iieMenTa. Kasajiocb 6h, AOJaeH'b 6HTb hobuA. He Moaerb He 6biTb. 

Bott> «HoBoe BpeMa> UHmerb: ^Hapo^'b noTepajrb B4py», «Majo 
ocTajocb BtpyiomnxT* jiro^eS». Ho Bbfrb bto ao ffhKOTopofi cTeneHH 
;ihim> aaM^Ha to^hmx'b noHHTifl HeToiHtiMH. Hto Hapo^T. «CTpeMHTejbHO 

VXOflHT*b H3*b IipaBOCJiaBHOft B[epKBH», — 3T0 fitpHO. Ho «CTpeMHTeJIbHHft 

yxofli* H3T> npasocJiaBia* BOBce He osHaiaerb yipaTy Bipw. Hh a** 
Eoro He ceKperb, <rro ayxoA'b* orb npaBoejiaBia qado He tojh>ko co- 
BiiaAaerb cb aa«Aoft HafiTH yiOBJieTBopenie pejHrio3HOMy qyBCTBy, 
He h odycjiOBJiHBaeTGH aTofi aaac^ofi. Hcvropia pyccKaro ceKTaHTCTBa 
Hariw^HO CBHAtTeJibCTByeT-b. <rro OTnaAeme orb rocyAapcTBeHHoft uep 
kbh qame Bcero coBepmaeTca He ott> yna^Ka, a orb noBbimema pe- 
:iurio3Hux'b HCKamft. / 

Cftaay 6ojibine,— eciw qejiOB'bK'b oTnaAaerb orb npasocjiaBHoft 
ijepKBH, 3to eme He SHaqarb, hto ohi* ho xoqerb fiojibme MOJHTbca 
no npaBOCJiaBHOMy. Ocenbro Hbrainraaro ro^a bt> KaKofi-To BopoHea- 
ckoS H3frb upH o6hcr4 «o6napyaeHT> (Ha iiicrfc, r$b nojiaraeTca 6biTb 
HKonaM-b) nopiperb Mapin CrrapHAOHOBoft, BHcfcBinift B*b Biorfc ct> 
roptBmefi nepeA'b hhmt> jaMuaAKofi; ntfpTperb KOH<f>HCKOBaH r b» *). He 
Kt TOMy, KOHeqHO, roBopK), 9to Borb, AecBarb, xoth oS'benHHJiBniaa 
npaBOCJiaBHyro Pocciro Btpa B*b cTapua cbhthhh ncqe3ja, sa to no- 
flBHJHCb HOBHa HM6Ha, cjiasa KOTopuxx BOcnoMoniecTByerb cnjoqeHiro 
jno,a.efi. HeasBtcTHbifi HaMi* BopoHeacKifli ofiHBaTeJib, y KOToparo Ha 
6oaHHD,t OKasajiacb He HKOHa THXOHa 3a,fliOHCKaro hjih Cepria PaAO- 
HeacRaro, a nopTperb Mapin CnapuAOHOBofi, Bcero MeHbme MoaerL 
cjiyaHTb noBOAOMi> ajia ctojk cM r fejiux r b buboaobt*, oaKi npeAHoaoae* 
Hie o saifirat ciapuxi, cBHTHHb. HepeA'b HaMH npocTO qeiOB^Ki, 
BnaBmifi, cb i^epsoBHofi toikh spima, bi> Aepssoe KomyHCTBo. On> 
npaBOCjaBia ohi>, HecoMErfeHHo, ymesi>. Ho 3aaHraeHaa hmt> jiaMnaAKa 
3HaMeHyerb, i ito ohti ocTaeTca bo Bjacra npaBoejiaBHux'b ^opirB 
yAOBJieTBopeHia pejmrio3Haro qyBCTBa. 

*) „Bhp«. BbA.", 14. X. 1907. 



86 » :.hzs*'J3M~±. 

tcji>bo». 9to zmjesie otijcjczLxeao iBomi i eiiaraacz xpnnaxH. 
H© exn jb x oae; c mrfcicaTvrs, *to EtKcrcjjx- ?:ji onpaic roy- • 
6oe oojvmajitTso z*pifBEsi Bjarrg. 7a* cjnnzxcn r:«e<Jperjo 
BpaBoeiazE ^ jyi-;i>e£-:T^j jejExarHiflu c?:p:£au Zrp*,i5>i z&,aa. 
Oho Benma^i: perrr^s jaxe rauxi> bs^ihkt* ?njrxsHK sarb 
Tpomuca* ■ Klefrs-ze^pcta* jaspa. Buzy-rca* it* ro hxchb lep- 
HOcoreHBue jecteb <^bi» muorpa-jLH, H&zp., Kie»> -^^r>:Boi jupu 
ojcbo zpeiu ne^aiajHCb zirpoMHua npouaxanlsi. Oh. ae mmaawo 
aepiOBBUTL xopjTBefi, Bojpyza* puon cl bus raxpaxara «3Ha- 
neiia* coi&a pyctfxaro aapoaa. Cbbtheh aepoa, i Sea* toto nepe- 
XHBaBmel cpHTH<ie?ciH BpeiieHa, 0Ka3aj£:b opomeoHiuni n> canoe 
oeuo nojwnmecvA oopboa, h hxb ronierb bi rps.?b — tbh!— caMO 
IjxoBeHCTBO. 3Ta caiioyGiikTBeHHafl nojHTzsa ccHE0i3Jbs:>ft5OMaflaH> 
Be Bona He onnaTHyrb on, ijepKBH xaccu eapo^a. Ho urcsaa BOBce 
ae cztxjerb, hto ounaTHTBiniecfl yTparaiH pei£rio3Hoe «ijbctbo, mm 
lOCTHrjH raxoro xyibrypHaro ypoBHB, npp ioropoirb He noxeTb yjep- 
zaibCH, nanp., HKOHonoiffraHie, B*pa bt> raHHCTBa, m> jraqsaro Bora, 
bt» pail h ajB. 

ABTopHTerb uepKBH nan>. Ho pexario3Hoe rjbctbo ecn>. Borb 

B^CTb, BT> KaKlfl $OpMU OHO X02SeTL BOIIJOTHTbCa. Ho OHO HQ^OTb 

4>opMM BOiuomeHin. He Moaerb He HcxaTb. H nocwxibKy oho crpe- 

BBTCB HafiTH $0pMH, HT06U BOHJOTBTb Cefifl, — MH, HeCOMfftHHO, HM*- 

ewbRhiocb chjioio tboptockoio, Koropan Tax*b hjh HHaie noMoriafibicmo- 
TBTb JiiOACKyio niub, — ecaH 6u vh Poccin He 6hio reHeparb-rySepHa- 

TOpOB^B. 

Mosho 6u npe^CTaBUTb ce6t, ito bote bbhtch peiHrio3Hul apo- 
noB*AHHirB, npBTHHerB kt> ce6i cep^a .T»Aei, sain* MarHHTb npH- 
TflniBaerB KexkBHiia ohh.ikh, H3i> o6jiomk,ob's codHXAHTL HtsyK) hobjio 
xpaMUHy. Ho HeyaceJiH mosho coMH^BaTbca, tto ec2H 6u h abujic^ 
TaKoft lejOBtK'b, OHt 6yAert H3i»flrb H3i» o6pameHia, npeame i^mi* 
Macca Hapo^Hafl ysHaen o ero cymecTBOBaHiH? Mcjkho 6h npeaara- 
aHTb ce64, ^to cHHay, caMOonpeA*JieHieM!> pacnHjeHHHrB MaccB Ha^- 
Herb CKaaAHBaTbCfl h*^to bt> poA* cBo6oAHHXb pejarioaHHX'b 06- 
mflvrwb. Ho fleysejiE hokho coMHtBaTtca, qro Bca&aa CK6JibK0-HH- 
6ya& saMtraaH nonuTKa bi* btom-b HanpaBjemH 6yAerb npecsqeHa 
crpaKHHKaMH-HHrymaMH no nepBOMy reHepaji'b-ry6epHaT0pcK0My Ma- 
HOBeHiio? fl xopomo noHHMaio, cKOJib SeBHaAeana Hrpa HHrymeft h 
reHepaji'b-rySepHaTopoB'b. KoHe^HO, ohh He noAHHMyrb ynaBnrifi aBTopH- 
Terb iiepKBH. He ohh, kohc^ho, Moryrb co3AaTb qTO-Jinfio B3aMiH , b 
oCieAHHABinefi jiroAefi chjih npaBocjiaBia. Ho ecjin 6m TKb-jii&6o no- 
HBEJica. 3M»Aymifi, ohh ero CBaacyrb h npHMyrb Mipa, ito6h cTepeTb 
rb 3EI& seiijiH. 9to ohh Moryrb. Ha 9to hxi xBararb. 

B[epKOBHaa BjracTb pas-b cTynHBTb Ha no^By caMoy6ificTBeHHofi no- 

JUTHKH, 6ABa JIH CMOatei'L OCTaHOBHTbCH. HO BCefi BtpOHTHOCTH, ftbio 

paspymeHia 6yA6T , b AOBeAeHo ao KOHo;a. B*b aTOirb cmhcji4, na^ 



y c n o k o e k i e. 87 

T*lTb MtCTOMTi, TA* BBICHJiaCb 0$$HIjiaJIbHafl IjepKOBb, BHH* HBHO JI6- 

TaerB aHreJii CMepTH. A ecjiH cHH3y h totobm noAHHTbCH chjm TBop- 
secKia, to htb, noKa *rro, amerb TaK»e CMepTB... 

Bepy ffpyroe — na^eme aBTopnTeTa Baacm 9to — $aKTb, Toace npn- 
8HaHHHfi, Meac^y npoiHirb, «Hobhm ? b BpeMeHeMt*. Ho 0TCK)Aa BOBce 
He cjrfcAyerb, ^to Haceaeme Poccih npeBpaTHaocb bt> aHapxacTOB-b, 
arpHijaerb BcaayK) rocyAapcTBeHHOCTb, bcbkjio BaacTb. Mohho, noaca- 
ayfi, yKadaTb Koe-KaKie rpo3HHe npnsaaKH b*l 9tomi> cMHCjrfc. HepBaa 
J^fMa, Hanp., 6braa BceTaKH E^eHTpoM'b BceHapoAHaro BHHMama, Bce- 
MapoAHHXii B&nps&Xb, xoth 6h h He SesycjOBHHXTb, xoth 6m h oxaa- 
xAaBfflHxea 8HaHHTejbH0K) npHMicBK) CKenTHijH3Ma. CymecTBOBame 
BTopofi AyMH npoTeRaao He ctojbko cpe^H ' HapoAHHX'b HaAeacA%, 
•kojlko cpe^H HapoAHaro cKenTHi*H3Ma. TpeTbeif Ayiift, no caoBairb 
ra3eTB, «KieBCKie MyacHKH» roBoparb: 

— Hero orb Hea acAaTb! OHa naHCKaa... 

Ho sHa^HTB jih 9T0, ^to HacTpoeme HapoAHHX'b Maccb nepeABH- 
HyiocL vb CTopoHy aHapxH3M'a? Ha Mofi B3rjrflflT>, xi&o oCctohtb h 
npome, h rayfiace. B'b 1906 r. Poccia HMiaa xotb oaho rocy^apcT- 
B6HHoe yqpe»AeHie, na KOTopoe «MyacnK r b» HaAkaaca: «botl kto Aacrt 

86MJIH», H KOTOpOe HlffcaO BO* AaHHHH, qT06H CTaTb aBTOpHTeTHHM'b 

-H BjiacTHHM'b; a B1* KOHEfh 1907 r. MBi He hm^m^ hh oahoto yqpe- 
«AeHia, KOTopoe B036yamaao 6h HaAeacAH B'b HapoAHoft Toami h Morjio 
6u CTaTb aBTOpHTeTHHM'b. Hfrr-b cnopa, nepeMina 3HaqHTeabHaa. 
Pay6se naj-b aBTopHTerb BJiacTH. BesHaAeacfffce CTaan B3raaAH Ha 
B03M0»H0CTb pa3p$nieHia rocyAapcTBenHHifb nyTeMi* Tamx'b Kopen- 
whirb HapoAHMXi) HyatA'b, KaKi> HysAH seMeabHoft. OpaHa, no 
cpaBHemio name ct> HeAaBHHM'b npomaHMrb, npHBe#eHa bt> eme 6oa4e 
pacnjiaBjueHHoe h xaoTHqecaoe cocToame. H He orroro tojibko eme 
Sojibme pacnaaBHaacb OHa, qTO noTepniaa Epyineme HaAeatAH Ha 
#J*y, — hjih BtpBfhe Ha to, ito HCTopaqecKaa Baaorb 6aaroHeaaTeabHo 
loflflerb no nyra, yKasaHHOMy Rymio. Co6cTBeHHO, noTepnijia Kpy- 
meHie MeiTaTejitHaa mucul o eAHHemn HCTopnqecKofi BJiacTH ct Ha- 

pOAOM'b. HO, HOBTOpHK), H6 TOJIbKO B'b STOM'b CyTb. 

3a nocjTBAHie 2-3 ro^a pyccEaH acii3Hb He 6^Ha nonuTKami 
•praHH30BaTbca cHH3y, tbmt> hjih hhumx cnoco6oMT> bhMth hs'b xao- 
THqecKaro coctohhIh. Bturb, Hanp., KpecTbHHCKifi coiob^. Ho HHHijiaTopH 
9Tot He hjioxo saAyHaHHoft hohmtkh co3^aTb MaccoByio opraHH3ai^K) pas- 
rtjma HHrymaMH h reHepajn>-ryoepHaTopaMH, npe^e qiwb HacToarn,e 
lO^omjiH kx iiaccaMTb. A ^to yn.iji'bjio orb HHrymefi, to saMypoBajiocb 
wl no^nojib* h xHpfeerb otb He^ocTaTKa cBiacaro B03Ayxa. 

Boshhkjio npo$eccioHajibHoe ABnaceHie, B'b ochob* KOToparo Jie- 
xajo ropasAO CoJibme qHCTaro cepAma, CTHxifiHofi wa»AH acHTb opra- 
HHSOBaHflo, Heacejtn xoJiOAHaro pascyAKa. Tpe6oBajiocb B'b roAHHy ocTpofi 

■OJITHqeCKOfi 6opb6fcI H31> pa3H0p0AHHXX, B'b CMLICJlt nOJIHTHHeCKHXl, 

«8riaA0B'b, 9jeMeHT0B , b cosAaTb npo$eccioHajbHHH opraHH3aiuH, npa- 
mMbms SH3Hb ROTopux'b He MucjLHMa 603% o6mecTBeHHaro KOHTpO^fl, 



88 A. HBTPHmEBb. 

H npH TOM'b COSflaTb B'b CTpaHt, TA* IipH HaJIHIHBIX'B ycjiOBiax'b He- 
MHCJIHM'L npaBHJLHBlfi 06n^eCTB6HHUfi KOHTpOJb. JJOJISHa 6Haa po^HTBca 

MaccoBaa, cbo6o^ho caMoonpefliuaiomaacfl opraHHsarjia, ho onflTb-Tara 
b% CTpaHt, r^t npH flaHHHX'b ycaoBiaxt nyTH caMOonpe^tjreHia yKa- 
3y»Tca HHrymeMTb, a cjobo «CBo6o,na» ecTb AOCTaToqHHfi noBOA'B wa 
bhchjkh H3T» npefl'fcjiOB'b reHepajrc>ry6epHaTopcTBa. npo<f>ecciOHajrbHHe 
coiosh bo3hhoh. Oahh H3i> hhx'b HHrynrb ynpaaflHHJTb. #pyrie npe- 
dura. TpeTLH cKpujiHCb orb HHrynfeBHXTb oqefi h cymecTByrorb bt> 
saMypoBaHHOM'b coctohhih. 

Bo3HHoa THra bt> cTopoHy opraHHsanjn chjtl ,pa tMaaburb Aiwr&», 
Ajh KyjbTypHoft, npocBtTHTejibHofi pafioTH, — rara Bnoafffc noHHTHaa 
h #aacc TporaTejibHaa, KaK'b nopuBT> bhAth hb-l aesopraHHSOBaHHaro 
h paciuiaBjieHHaro coctohhui. Ho h bt> 3Ty nontiTKy BHeceno Combine 
qnciaro cepflija, qtinb xojiOflHaro paacyflRa. Mat npanoMHHaeTca, 
MeJKAy npoqHM'b, nocTaeoBJieHie KaBKa3CKaro JJ,afflHaKn,aKaHa, Haneqa- 
TaHHOe nicKOJibKO M'hcaiieB'b Hasaflii bt> «P4qH». 3Ta napiin nocra- 
HOBHJia B'b EaamoMTb ceJieHia, 17$ ecTb 50AOMOB , b, oTKpbreaTb niKOJiy. 
Mhcjib, KOHe^HO, npeKpacHaa. Ho foiocb, qTO ocyimecTMeBie ea cjehih- 
komt> saBHCBTb 0Tb yqe6Haro HaqaabCTBa, t. e. b% KOHeqHOMTb cqerb, 
onflTb-TaKH, orb crpasHHEa-HHryma. Karaacb, HeAaBHO,— He aajike, 
KaK'b B'b 1905 r., bc4 daecTHin.e yMtjin AOKastiBaTb, qTO HHKaKaa 
KyjibTypnaa h npocBiTHTeiibHaa pafioTa He MHcjraiia, noKa nferb aju 
Hea npaBOBux^ (JopM'b, ofiycjioBjieHHbiX'b KOHCTHTyujoHHHMH rapaH- 
TiflMH. KTb coacajrkmK), bto «noKa hIito* ocTaeTca bt> cnJrt no cefi 
AeHb. 

H3i> He Bpaafle6HHx r b Hapoay o6mecTBeHHux , b opraHHsanift yiyfc- 
.TfcjiH noJiHTHqecniji napTin. Ho e#Ba jih Hy»HO rwopHTb, Koraa offk 
MeHbme 6um aaMypoBaHH, B'b Haqaarfc 1907 r. hjih B'b kohi$, 
Kor.ua MeHbme qyBCTBOBajiH HOAOCTaTOK'b CBtaaro B03ayxa, Kor.ua 
MeHbme TparaiH chjit, Ha to, qT00T> noflofiTH kt> Maccarb, hjir fla*e 
xoth 6h jiHmb Ha to, qToe^ nyreMi* coBMtcTHaro o6MtHa MffhHifi onpe- 
^tjiHTb cBofi napTifiHbifi o6pa3i> AMcTBifi. Mm onflTb noAxo^HM^ see 
kt> toS »e KapTHH-b: crapoe pyxHyjiq h HaA'B ero ofijOMKaMH Jie- 
Taerb aHreji'b CMepTH; mojo^oc He pacTerb, h6o He ycn^Baerb oho 
BBipocTH, h6o e^Ba iiOKaaceTCiJ oho HaA'b o6jioMKaMH, KaK'b TOTqacb 
ace rn6Herb orb pyKH HHrymeft. H qiMTb CTapaTejbfffce pafioTaerb 
HHrym'b, vhm> CHJbHte spaa^a K'b nocjiaBmHM'b ero, tImii cTpeiui- 
TejibH-he pa8pymaroTca nocjiiAHie ocTaTKH 6hjihxt> aBTopHTeTOBi, 
rbM'b paenjiaBjieHHie cTaHOBHTca cTpaHa. A qiM'b pacnjiaBjieHHie 
cTaHOBHTca CTpaHa, rhMfc cnjibHte B'b Kaat^oMT* H3*b Hacb »a«Aa 
ycTpoHTbca no-qejioBiqecKH, rbM'b cTpeMHTejnLbffhe pByrca Hapyasy mo- 
jio#fcie pocTKH, h vbwb cTapaTejoibHhe pa6oTaerb HHrynrb. 

H Kor^a Hayb rosoparb: «Poccia ycnoKOHjiacb», mi pacspH- 
BaeMi> nojq?a3yM*BaeMbifi cmhcjii. arax-b cjiob^: «r. CTOJibinnffb o^ep- 
acaa'b nofi^y h pecraBpHpyerb CTapuHy B'b rowb BH#h, Kasofi o6y- 
-• iOB.iHBcLica HeBH6aeM0CTbK) npeacHHX'b aBTopHTeTOB , b». A Tas^b ttan> 



y C II K E H I E. 89 

HM6HH0 8T0TB CMHCiTB nOflpasyMtBaeTCH, TO HaiU'b OTBtn> 3ByqHTB 

TBep.no h yflipeHHo: 

— HfcrB. Hciesjio ocHOBHoe ycJOBie, 6jiaroflapa KOTopoMy cym&- 
cTBOBaja cTapHHa. A CTajo 6htb, h hcjibsh ee peoraBpHpoBaTB. OHa 
ne 6ojibhoB, EOToparo eme MoaerB BburfcqHTB HCKycarfco Bpaqa, a 
noKofiHHKi», TpyirB, fljia KOToparo HyanH ycjiyra noxopoHHaro 
6iopo. 

A Kor^a roBoparB: «peBOJnoijia npoftOii»aeTca», KaKt 6u cajirB 
co6oh) Ha3p*Baen» cKenTHiecKifi orBirB: 

— PeBOJiroijifl? nopiiBii Macct, craoqeHHBix'B eflHHOio Biporo h 
eAHHo» Ha,ne»flOH)? Hyaeflt BceTaKH xotb KaKoft-HHSyflB n;eHTp'b, 
itoC'b oh4 chjothjihcb. Ho rjsfk ace 9Torb ijeHTp'B? OTKy^a h KaKB 
ohi MOJKerb B03HHKHyTb, pa3*B Ha Kaawirb irfccrfc ch^htb HHrynrt 
h 6berB, 6berb, 6berB?.. HejiOB'hK'B oh*b HaEBTofi h paaroponHHfi, — 
He npoaijBaerb. 1^4 Btpa b'b no6*Ay? 17$ Ha#e»fla, ^to totb hjih 
hhoS mi> flocejrfc H3BicTHLix , B nyreft Be^ert k*b ufam? 

H*tb ycnoKoema. He bh«ho h peBOJiioijiH. H*tb noStabi. Hire* 
m nopaaeHia. «IHecTaa toctb CB-fcra*, KaKT, ropao ao chx-b nop-B 
pyccKie HasHBajiH csoe oieiecTBO, npeBpaTHJiacB b'b CTpaHy coijiajiB- 
Haro pacna^a, b'b CTpaHy 6yfiHaro pasryjia cxpacTefi. MaccH mw& 
Aomm flo TaKoro coaroaHia, ito vl hxt> rjiasax* noTepaja i$Hy h 
qyaaa, h coScTBenHaa aasHB. HoaBMJiHCb, Hanp., KpyaKH MOjioflean, 
sanaTHe HBCjrfcAOBameM'b Bonpoca: KOMy jierqe yiinpaTb, — noBimeH- 
HOMy hjih «3aAynieHH0My nepes'b caarie coHHtix'b apTepifi*. H Trod'B 
tohho H3Cjrfc#0BaTb 9to, monro h A*BymKH no oqepeflH BimaiOTB 
h aymarB apyrB apyra. Bt. raseTaxB He^aBHO pascKasuBajiocB o Ta- 
koitb KpysKKi, cymecTByfiomeM'b bb EaaTepHH6ypri. Oahhb hjih oflHa 
BtmaeTca, a apyrie BHHMaTejiBHO cmotphtb, KaK'b nocTeneHHO cth- 
xaioT'B KOHByjBciH, KaK*B BHTarHBaexca rfcjio, KaK* oho e/raHOBHTCH, 
HaKOHeBfB, HenofljBHaHHM'B. 9to cqHTaeTca 3HaKOM , B, qxo «Tpynx» 
nopa chhtb cb neTJH h npnBecTH b'b qyBCTBO... HnTaa o6-b mowb, 
a HeBOJiBHO BcnoMHHJi'B npHSHaHie OAHoro CTaparo h onHTHaro Mac- 
HHKa: 

— y^apHTb, — roBopnji'B ohi>,— KopoBy MejffB poroBi> odyxoM-B HJIH 

HOKOM'B TOJIOCHyTB — HyCTHKH. A BOTTb Ha eftHBIH Cy^OpOrH CMOTptTb — 

cBiaeMy nejiOBiKy He nepeHOCHo. A y HacB npHBHiaa TaKaa — 6y#ro 
ne 3aM4qaenib. OAHaao, HHaa CKOTHHa ihhSko MyqHTca, Kaat hb% 
Hea nap*B bhxoahtb... HHyro, B*fcpHTe jih, no ro^y iiomhhhib. A 6h- 
BaerB h no HO^airB chhtch. 

KTO BH^hjTB, KaKl* ptayTB CKOT'B, hjih xoth 6h TOJIBKO qHTaJI'B, 

Hanp., y JI. H. Tojidoro onncaHie 6ofiHH, totb jierKO nofiMeT'B, wo 
lase kopobbh npeACMepTHbia cy^oporH ^CBixeMy qejiOB , bKy» bobco 
ne nepeHOCHBi, a HHorja;a h npo$eccioHajiy-p43HHKy MoryTi «no h#- 
qaifB chhtbch*... A Tjvh Bce-STb TaKH He kopobbh cyfloporH. H ^aate 
ne cyuoporH qyacnx'L, HeBHaKOMHX'B jno^efi. B'B eKaTepHH6yprcKOM% 
KpyacrA see cboh jibokh, 6jiH3Kie, CBasaHHHe APy«6ofi: 4 MOJiOKHXt 



•0 A. IIETPHmEBT • 

lejostKa #a 3 6apumHH, oahhi rffcmaeTca, mecTepo cMOTpaTB... H 

•TO OTHH)flB H6 BUpO^KH, H6 3B*pH. HpOCTO— SCH3HB TaKOH CTaia. 

Jidah ao Toro flomjH; hto hmi» yarB cjiBniKoirb aerao wb BHft* oraiTa 
nuBicHTBca, cjiHniKOM'B jerKo cMOTptTL Ha npe^cMepTHua cyaoporH 
i»6iiMarp s qejioB*Ka, aiofiHMoft ff&ByniEH. nycTB eKaTepHH6yprcKii 
ipyacoKt ecTb hInto naToaoniqecKoe. Ho He Bee bt» HHHtmHeirL 
oTHomeHiH k«b cBoefi h 6jiH3R0fi shshh— naToaoria. He naToaoria, 
Kor^a Moaoflbie jhojoih, ijBiJTymie noaHtie chjtb, totobh npeBpaTHTB 
tefia bt> 6oM6y, — naqHHHTBca flHHaaiHTOM'B hjh rpeMy^HMt cTyaHeirb, 
■ofiTH bt, oxpaHHoe OT#bieHie h Tarn BsopBaTbca. 

He TaKTb aaBHO cyflHan HicKoaBKO qeaoBttt'B HMeHHO 3a noay- 
meHie npeBpaTHTb ce6a Bt 6oM6y, HaqHHeHHyio AHHaMHTOiTB h bso- 
psaTbCH bi> oxpaHHOM'B OTflijieHiH. UpeflCTaBHTeaH rocy^apcTBeHHoi 
BiacTH caMHM'B cepBesHBiiTB ofipasoM-B o6cyamaaH, <rro fliaaTB c-b 
npecTynHHKaMH, 3jioyMucjiHBinHMH B3opBaTb caMHX'b ce6a bt> Heysa- 
iaHHOM'b Micrh. HoBicHTB? PascTpijflTb? CocaaTB Ha KaTopry? H 
npaBO, a saTpy^HflDCb CKa3aTB, kto 6oaBme CHitnTOMaTHqeffB, oto 
6oa*e xapaKTepeH'b jyis. aaraaro BpeiieHH: «npecTynHHK , b» an, roTo- 
bhS eaMoro ce6a npeBpaTHTb bo B3pbiBqaTHfi cHapafl'b, hjh «cyflba», 
HpH^yMHBaiomifl, KaKHMH MtpaMH ycTpaniHTb jiBOflefl, ito6h ohh He 
•OBepmaaa TaKHXTb nocTynEOB'B? Hto mohcho CKasaTb o BaacTH, koto- 
paa aoaacHa 6u BH^tob, #o KaKoro cocToama 0Ha flOBeaa aiojefi 

tBOHMH «MtpaMH» H BCeTaEH npOflOaSCaerB ^tflCTBOBaTb, ItaKB 1 no- 

eeai fftflcTBOBajia? 

JI,aa rhx^, KOMy xoqeTca xotb KaKoro-HH6yflB «nopa,nKa», xoTb 
KaKorq-HH6yAb 6aaroycTpoficTBa, 6biao 6h yrfcrnHTeabHte AyMaTB, too 
MacTb npocTO 3a6ay»flaeTca h MoacerB bhSth Ha npaBHabHyro po- 
pery, a no^BJiacTHHe npocTO «pa3BpameHH». Ho saqiiiB se ckph- 
saTb ovh ce6a, i ito pa3 r b cTpaHa b-b pacnaaBaeHHOM'B, fle3opraHH3o- 
BaHHOM'b cocToaHin, 3HaqHTb — Haffb Heio Kaa'b 6h c6HJiHCb npopoie- 
tttia cjiOBa: 

— HacTaHyT^ #hh, Korja;a »HBHe 6yAyrB 3aBH,a;oBaTB MepTBbiMV 

H b*b xaaie ,h,hh HeH3frb>KH0 rojureh 6eitb jmpfl, ^jiH'KOTopbix^, 
j^hficTBHTejiBHO, Bee paBHo — HHTB hjh ynepeTB, h is^Kb yMepeTB, — 
lOstcHBUiHCB Ha KpioKy, ?to6h npiflTejiH hm^jim cjiyqafi Ha6jiE0^art» 
iipeACMepTHHa cy^opora yAasjieHHHKa, hjih HaqaHMBmncb AHHaica- 
tomi. HocjiiAHee BceiaKu MrHOBeHHte, 6e36o.i , b3HeHH r be. Tairc Ha 
iproicy Ha^o MyqaTBca, noKa noTepaeniB cosHaHie. A s^cb, — juhbb 
aaacaTB KHonay KapMaHHofi CaTapeH — ^h... 

^to ace KacaeTca BJiacTH, — ^jia Hea, cyica no Bcemy, He ceKpeT*, 
naKyK) Mopajibnyio onopy OHa mosotb HafiTH HHHt bi» HacTpoemv 
Hapo^HMX-B MaccB,* BsrjiajU'B BJiacra no aTOMy noBO«y bhojih* qnpe- 
H,ixeHHo BbipaaceH'B b*b H36HpaxejibH0M r i> sasoHi 3 iiOHa. Y Hea eo» 
MOHXHaa $H3HqecKaa onopa, — rAaBHHifB o6pasoM r B 9 caofl noiriser- 
VMxrb seMJieBJiaA'bjibueB'b. Ho botl yace 6ojbme Tpexx jrhrb uzyvb 
«arpapHua Hjjii)MHHaipH». A sto 3HaqHTX, ?to yace 60^*6 Tpext 



HABPOCKH GOBPBMBaHOCTH. 91 

xb>Tb e^Ba jih He caMHft Mon^Hufi $H3HqecRifi ycToft pasSnpaeTca no 
Mpnaqy, B36aaoMy<ieHHoe HapoAHoe Mope BHMHBaen» hs'b Hero Ka- 
Jieffb sa KaMHeMi), nec*iHHRy da necniHKQK). II He MoacerB BiacTb 
ho samamaTB cbohx'b ycToeBi.. Ho ho mosctb h Mope He padpymarb 

TOrO, WO CTOHTTE. Ha HyTH erO BOJIH'B. 

Ecjh xoTHTe — 8to peBOjiroijifl, h6o pa3pymeHie cTapuxi* yoroeB'B 

H^eTB CBOHBTB ^epeAOMT* H OCTaHOBHTBCfl H6 MOSerB. ECJIH XOTHTe, 

TyTTb ecu* h h4^to bt> poA*k «ycnoKoeHLH», — ecTb saacAa cnjoTHTBca 
xora h HeyroJiHMaff, ecTB CTpeMJieme bhAth h3*b xaoTH*iecRaro eo- 
cToaHia, nepefiTH otb aHapxin rt> rocy^apcTBeHHOMy 6tniK), hckjb»- 
*eHa Ha 6jiHHaflniee, no RpaftHeft Mtpi, BpeMH bo3moshoctb nacco- 
bhxi ^iflcTBifi. Ho bto «ycnoKoeHie» CTpanrafce peBOJHOitfH. A aTa 
peBoiiDi^ifl ujifivb kt> CBoeS paspyranTejibHofi u$jlk Bipfffce cuepTH. 
H nexyAa otb He a yitTH hh BjacTH, hh noABJiacTHHMTb. 

A. FleTpmueBV 



HaOpocKH eoBpeMGHHoeTH. 

. IX. 

yenoKoeHie hjih ynpoii^eme? 

3a nocjriAHee BpeMfl bt> caMLixt padHOo6pa3Hiix'B opraHaxi> HameM 
nepiOAHiecRofi neqaTH HeoAHORparao niirajiHCB iioiihtrh onpeAtflHTb 
eymHOCTL nepeacHBaeiiaro HaMH MOMeHTa. B^ 6ojiBfflHHCTB , fc aay*iaeB , B 

STH HOHHTRH CBOAHTGH R"B HOBTOpeHiH) OflHOft H TOft JK6 $OpMyjIH 

coraacHo KOTopofi TeKymift momoht'e HBJiaeTcs momchtomtb jiHKBH^an;iH 
peBOJioitfH. Oahh roBoparB o6t stom-l c*b ropeiBio h cojKajrfcHieirB, 
Apyrie cb paAOCTBro h BOCToproM'B, ho, bi» kohi$ kohijob'b, ho Majo 

nyfijIH^CTOBTb, HCXOAHHIiHXT) H3TE> paBHHX'B T0R6K'B 3ptflifl, CXO^HTCJI 

Ha oahom'b h toitb ace bmboa*, ^to bt» HacToamyio MHHyTy nepeA'B 
HamHHH rjiasaMH hpohcxoahtb hb^to HHoe, Kaia> hmohho JiHRBHAaijiH 
peBOJiron.iH. Bt TaKofi o^hrIj nepeacHBaewaro MOMeHTa, HecoMHimHo, 

6CTB AOM HCTHHH. ^pyrofi BOnpO(TB, BGH-JIH HCTHHa 3aKJH0^aeTCa B«B 

HOAo6Hoft on.'fcHK'fc. Ha btotb BonpocB eABa-jra bo3mohcho a^tb 6en- 
ycaoBHO yTBepAHTejiBHHfi OTBtrB. Bojibrae Toro, — ecjH no6jra«e srju*- 
xbrbc* vb HaH6ojrfce xapaRTepHHH HBaeHia coBpeM65HOCTH, to npi- 
jerca, nomajiyfi, noHCEaTB a^^ hhxt» HicKOJibKO 60^6 ToiHaro i 
Birlcrb 6ojrfce cjioacHaro onpeA'hJieHifl, ho yoaABiBaioniaroGH b^ paMRi 
cpaBHHTejtBHO npocxoS ({)opMyjibj, roBopameft o jiHRBHAan;iH peso- 

JDOipH. 

HoCKOJIBRy pt^B HAeT«B A^ftCTBiHX'B HpaBHTOJIBCTBeHHOi BJiaCTH, .IHK- 



92 H. MAKOTHH'b. 

BBAaiua peBOJBOuin, BH*fe Bcanaro coiifffcrna, arpaerb wb hhxt, BecbM a bhj- 

•nyio pojb. Hmohho B'b 9ty GTopoHy b& secbMa 3HaqHTe.ibH0ft Mtpt Ha- 

upaBieHH h 8aKOHO,naTejiBHoe, h aAMHHHcrpaTHBHoe, h cy,ne6Hoe TBOp- 

^ecTBO BJiacTii h ycHJiia, npeAnpHHHMaeMUS ero bo BC'fcx'b &thct» o6jia- 

T3Tb B'b utjIflXX OKOHqaTeJIbHOfi .IHKBHAauiH peBOJBOUiH, OTJIHqaBOTCfl 

KpafiHero aHeprieit. Bt> caMOMTb Atjit, nonpofiyein. npanoMHHTb xots 6h 

niKOTOpHH ^epTH H3Tb A*aTeJIbHOCTH OAHOft TOJIbEO Cy^e6HOfl BJiaCTH 

3a nocjAflHee Bpeiia. 3a ABa roAa cymecTBOBaHia «pocciflcKOft eoh- 
'•thtjtuh*, c*b 17 oKTafipa 1905 r. no 17 OKTaSpa 1907 r., Boea- 
hhimh cy^aMH, no ra3eTHMM , b cB'fcA'fcHiHarb, 6hjio npnroBopeno vb 
cifepTHOfi Ka8HH 2717 nejOBtK-b, a KasHeHo 6hjio no nparoBopairb 
9thx^ cyflOB'b 1780 qeJiOB'hK'b. 3a to ace Bpeiia R*b aaToprb 6bmo 
npHroBopeHo no nojiHTMqecKHM'b A'kiaM'b 3873 qeaoBtKa; hs'b hhx*» 
605 6hjh npHcysfleHH K1> 6e3cpoqHofi KaToprt, a 3268 — k*l cpoiHofi, 
3T> o6mefl cjoshocth Ha 29.523 roAa. Kt> noKHBHenHoS cchjik* fla 
jiocejieme 3a tott> ae nepiOAT* BpeMeHH omjib npHroBopeHH 502 qe- 
.dOBiKa, E'b 3aoroqeHiK) B'b Tropbiri* h r'b apecTy — 5751 qeJEOBiirb, 
kt> 3aKJnoqemio bt5 apecTaHTCKia OT.nt.ieHia — 2586 qejoBiK-b, wb 
AHci^HUjiHHapHHe SaTaJibOHH - 1538 qeJOB'fcK'b h wb KpbnocTb — 1307 qe- 
jioB'bK'b *). H Hejib3a caasaTb, *ito6h 9Torb jiHBeHb cyAefiHEix'b pe- 
ri peccifi cKOJibK.o-HH6yAb ocjiadtjiT, xoTa 6h vb nocjrfcAHie MtcaijH. 
3a iiOHb Teicymaro ro.ua Kb CMepTHofi aa3HH 6h.io npnroBopeHO 1 10 qe- 
job4ki» h KasHeHo 30, sa iiojiB npnroBopeHO 151 h Ka3HeH0 108, sa 
aBrycTb npnroBopeHO 107 it Ka3HeHo 62 **). l[a h bt> caMiie nocx&A- 
aie ahh HCUbsa pacKptiTb raseTH 6es r b Toro, qToSu He HaTKHyrbca 
Ka fiojibmee hjih MeHbraee KOJinqecTBO CMepTHurb upnrOBopoB'b h 
cMepTHbixTE, KasHefi. Be3i» HSBtcTifl o TaKHX'b npHroBopax*b h aasHax^ 
ne upoxo^HTb, KaaceTca, hh oahht> AeHb. 

B'b BH^y TaKHX-b <J>aKTOB'*, HeB03M0»H0, KOHeqHO, COMHtBaTbCa 

3'b TOirb, qTo cy,ne6Hoe b*^omctbo co Bcero AOCTypHOio eMy 9Hepriet 
^^erb no nyTH «jrHKBHj;aii,iH peBOJnoniH» h «ycnoKoeHia» CTpaHH- 
Ho Ha paAy cb 3Thmte» bt. coBpeiieHHofi ^taiejibHOCTH cyAe6Haro b4- 
jf>MCTBa M03KHO noAMtTHTb h HiJKOTopHH Ai>yria xapaKTepHEia qepTH, 
se BnojiH* yMimaiomiaca B'b paMKax'b irpocToii jHKBHAan;iH peao- 
jion,iH. JiHBeHb cy,n;e6Hbix'b penpeccifi, AOJiKeHCTByiomifi coanaTb «ycno- 
xoeme* cTpaHbi, no MeHbmeii Mtpt ocjioacHaeTca o^HHirb aBJiemeM'b, 
pasBHBa^niHMca napajiiiejibHo ct> hhmi. h nocTeneHHO 3aHHMaK)mnirb 
see 6ojrfce BHAfloe m4cto B r b coBpeMeHHofi cyAeGHoft npaKTHat. B'b 
6opb6t ct> peBOJiromefi; rrpaBHTeJibCTBO, no cjioBaM'b AeKJiapanjiH, orjia- 

UieHHOfi T. CTOJIHUHHblM'b B'b ^M*, OKOHqaTejIbHO yTBepAOOCb B'b 
TOB MHCJIH, qTO «npOTHBOHOCTaBHTb 3T0My aBJieHUO MOWHO TOJbKO 

OHJiy*. «KaKia-jiH6o nocjiafijieHia bt, stoS oSnacTH — 3aaBHjia npaBH- 
TejrbCTBeHHaa Ae^apania — npaBHTeabCTBO coqjro 6h sa npecTynjieHie, 



*) «ToBapHmt>, 18 Hoa6pa 1907 r. 
* fr ) <ToBapnm>», 11 irojia, 9 aBryCTa h 8 ceHTa6pa 1907 r. 



r 



HABPOCKH COBPEMEHBUCTH. 93 

TaKT) KaKl> A6P30CTH BparOfil> OOmeCTBa B03M0SH0 nOJIOXUTb KOHeiJ'b 
JHfflL IIOCjrfcflOBaTeJIbHblM'b ripHMtHeHieMt B(Vfcx?> 3aK0HHHX r b CpeACTB'B 

aamHTM*. Dpecjrfcjiya 3Ty i$Jib, npaBHiejbCTBO, no cjiOBaBTb Bee 
•rofi »e fleoapanjn, «p4mHjio bc*mh MipaMH yKptiiHTb bo3mokhoctb 
6iiCTparo h npaBHJibHaro cy,ne6Haro B08Me3^ia». Ho bt> c$eph cyae6- 
hux% ^tjix BJiacTB Bce-TaKH bt> HacToamee BpeMa He TOiitKO Kapaerb H 
whhtb B03Me3jtfe, OHa eme h MHayerb. H ecjia aapu, HaaaraeMHa 
ero npH noMomH cyna, HanpaMaroTca Bt oupe.n'fcjieHflyK) dopoHy, to 
h MBJiocxb BJiacTH HM^eTb Bnojrai oupeAtjieHHoe HasHaqeme. Bs> 
aTOMt KaK*B HejiB3fl Sojrfce 1 Jiento yfiiflHTbca, npncMOTpiBmHct m* h4- 

KOTOpMM^ KOHKpeTHHM'L $aKTaMTb JKH3HH. 

OaHHIi H3Tb TaKHX-L (JaKTOB'b 6bIJTb OnySjIHKOBaH^ «PyCCKHMli 

3HaifeHeMT>» eme B'b caMOirt* Haqajrfe TeKymaro ro^a. «IIpeAc4AaTej[b 
BOJibCKaro OTidtaa coK>3a pyccitaro Hapo^a, Kynei^ A. CoJotOBbeBt, — 
pa8CKa3HBajia Ha3BaHHafl raaeTa — TejierpaMMofi otte> 5-ro MHayBmaro 
$6Bpa3fl odparaaca Ha hmh npeflcbflaTeJiH coBfrra mhhhctpobt, cl 
xoAaTaficTBOM'b o JipeflCTaBJiemH na BceMHJiocTHBMmee ero HMnepa- 
TopcKaro BejHqecTBa 6aaroB033p , kHie yiacTH »epTBt peBoaroitfoHHaro 
ABflseHia MtmaH-L ,H,ojiroBa, FaasoBa, MnpoHOBa h EpeMteBa, ocyac- 
AeHHbix^ B'b KaTopacHHfi paGoxH ci> 3aMiHoft apecTaHTCKHMH po- 
TaMH sa npoflBjieHHhifi b* BojibCRt 20- ro 0KTa6pa 1905 ro#a caMO- 
cy.n'B HaAT> peBOJiioi^ioHepaMH*. XoAaTaficTBO sto 6hjio y^OBJieTBopeHo, 
«0 noMMOBaHia npeaciflaTejib coB^Ta mhhhctpob'b nocTaBHJTb B7 
H3B*cTflocTb MHHHCTpa locraijiH nHCbMOBfB, a capaTOBCKaro ryfiep- 
HaTopa TejierpaMMofi *). Okojio Toro se BpeMeHH B'b raseTaxTb no- 
ABHJiacb TeaerpaMMa h3t> TyjiH, coo6maBmaa o noMBJiOBaHia qepHO- 
coTeBneB*B HecraoBa, BejibflOBa a KapTamesa, npHroBopeHHHucb 
6hjo OKpyaLHHHii cyAOMi> sa opraHHsan.iio norpona b*b Tyjrfc B'b 
0KTfl6pt 1905 ro^a kt> safuiroieHiK) iia pasHue cpoEH B'b ncnpa- 
BHTejibHuxi apecTaHTCKHX'b oTA'hJieHiflX'b **). B'b KasaHH Kynei^ 
IQsajieB'b 6bun> nparoBOpeffb oKpyaHHM'b cyaoM-b kt> 8 M-fccflijaM'b 
TDpeiinaro 3aKJiK)qeHia 3a ySificTBO B'b 0KTa6pbCKie ^hh 1905 ro^a 
npHcaaHaro noB-hpeHHaro ^BHHCKaro, ho no xoflaTaficTBy «i;apGKo- 
HapoAHaro d6mecTBa», BH^HbiM'b qjieHOM'b KOToparo cocTOHTb DQ[Ba- 
xeBi, aTorb npnroBop'b cy^a, Oujh saMbnewb xbjm& Micai^aMH 3a- 
KjfjoqeHifl B'b KpinocTH, a 3a HeHM^HieMt ea bt> KaaaHH, IIlBajieB'b 
OTfiiui'b CBoe HaKasame Ha BoeHHofi raynTBaxrt ***). Coo6meHia o 
TaKHXT> cjyqaflX'b BCTpt^ajiHCb B'b raseTaxT. h no3»e. fl He cTany 
nepe^MCJiaTb 3%kcb bc4 cjiyqan no.nofiHHX'b noMHJOBamfi, ho h*koto- 
pue 6ojite THna^HHe hxi> npniitpH nosBoaio ce6i BocnpoH3BecTH b% 
naMATH ^HTaTejiH. B'b iwjit CTOJiHiHWM r b raseTairb coo6mHjH H3i 
OjkQccu o cocTOHBineMca no xoaaTaftcTBy coiosa pyccKaro Hapo^a no- 

*) U^HTHpyio no <P. B-feaoMOCTJiM'B*, 15 MapTa 1907 r. 
**) «Pycb», 29 MapTa 1907 r. 
***) «ToBapnmT», 20 anp-fejin 1907 r. 



94 B. MAKOTHH'B. 

MHJOBaHiH 8 ^eJIOBtK'L, OCy2KAeHHHTC> HO fltjiy O&b OBHAiOIIOJB>CK0M'b 

norpoMt *). B*b «Xpbkobckhx , l TySepHCKHx-L BfcAOMocTax , b» bi» coh- 
TaCpt nosBHJiacb saMiTKa: o toitb, *rro corjiaceo xo^aiaficTBa o toitb 
xaptKOBCKaro coH)3a pyccaaro Hapo^a, o6i>flBJieHH noMHjioBaHHtiMH 
h ocBofioacneHW HST.-noAt cTpasH ocyacAeHHbie xapbKOBCKHM'b oKpys- 
Euwb cjjiowb sa ySificTBO eBpea IQepa, 6yHTOBin;HKa-peBOJiK)ipoHepa, 
CienaH'L JlameB'b, HnKOJiafl Tojiobkob'b h B.aaAHMip'b JlyaHH'B **). 
Okojio Toro ae BpeMeHH 6hjio ionyfijiHKOBaHo coofinjeHie o noJiHOM-b 
DOMHJioBaHiH MnxajiHHa, yfinBmaro bt» Moceb4 18 0KTa6pa 1905 r. 
c.-a. BayMaHa, ABasAH npii3HaHHaro npncaacHbiMH aact^aiejiaMH bh- 
HOBHHfifb h npHroBopeHHaro kt» jraineHiro ocofibix-b npaBt h saajime- 
Hiro Ha nojTopa roAa bt> apecTaHTCKoe OTAiaeirie *). Bi Hoa6pi no 
pacnopaaeHiK) js^b IleTepfiypra 6hjih ocbo6oka6hu mi* eKaTepHHO- 
cjaBCKoft TiopBMEi Bet ocyacAeHHbie no A*ay o6x eKaTepnnocjiaBCKOBrb 
h jiyraHCKOMii ropo^cKHXi, norpoMaxT. **). Bt> HoaGpi se b*b Hoji- 
TaBCKoS ry6epHin nojiyqajiH noMHJlOBaHie leiBepo KpecTbaffb, ocys- 
AeBHtix'B oKpysHtiMt cyAOM-b 3a ycTpoMcTBO eBpeflcKaro norpoMa b>b 
3ojiOTOHonicKOM'L yfesA* ***). 

TaKHifB o6fB t 3QWb bt> caMbixT* pa3flH*iHbix r b MiciHocTaxt PocciH 
HafijiBOja.aeTca oahh* h totl ace nopaAoirb, 6jiaroAapa KOTopoMy yqacr- 
hhkh norpoMOBi>, Bi) ocofieHHOCTH npnaaAJieJKamie Kh «coio3y pyc- 
CKaro Hapoaa», ^aae bt> tom'b cjiyqat, ecjin ohh ocyacAeHbi cyxon, 
jierKo cHHCKHBaioTTb ce6t noKpoBHTejibCTBo BiacTH h bt* cnjiy ea sa- 
ih;hth ocBo6oagi;aK)fca ott> Kapu, HajiaraeMofi Ha hhxt» saKOHOMt. 

$aKTHHeCKH BT» 3EH3HH yCTaHOBHJIOCb H^TTO BTE> pOA* aMHHCTiH 3a Hpe- 

CTynjieHia, jCBH3aHHbia ct» norpoMaMH eBpeeB^ h HHTejurareHijiH, h 
9Torb nopa^OKt Taai HMeHHO h yiHTHBaeTca qjieHaMH Tixt naipio- 
TH^ecKHX'b opraHH3auifi, npoo6pa30Wb kotophx'b HBjaeTca npecjOBy- 
Tbift ccoroa'b pyccKaro HapoAa». He Taifb a&bho b^ YMaHH cjymajiocfc 
tfuio ofi'b eBpeficKOM*B uorpoMi, paaurpaBineMca m> btobtb ropoA* 
HicKOJibKO BpeMeHH TOMy HaaaA'B. ^^HaHeojite xapaKTepHoft ^epToft b% 
3tomx npoi^ecct— roBopHjiocb bt* oahoA hs'b nocBam;eHHbix'b eMy ra- 
seTHux'b EoppecnoHfleHEu'fi — 6bijio HeofiuqHo npeKpacHoe caiioqyBCTBie 
HOfljcynHMbix'L. Kasajiocb, ^to ohh yBipeabi, ecjin He bi> hoihomx 
onpaB^aHiH, to, bo bchkobtl cjiyiai, bt» ocBo6oacA6HiH otb bchkoH 
KapH. Ha nem> ocHOBWBaaca Taaofi Barjia^'b, bhaho h3t» cjiiAywraiaro. 
Bt oKpyacHMfi cyA'b aBHjica oahh^ mi> npHroBopeHHtix'b no 3T0My 
XbjLj sa Koniefi nparoBopa. Kor^a ero dajiH pa3cnpaniHBaTb, to oh«b 
cb 6ojibniHM , B anjioMSoMT) 3aaBHjn>, ^to oh'b HH^ero He 6ohtch, TaK'b 
zb,kt> cyA'b ctoht-l 3a HHXTb, Aa h cok)31» pyccKaro HapoAa sa hhx^ 



•) tPtHb», 19 iwui 1907 r. 

**) IJaTnpyro no tKieB. Kyptepy», 18 ceHTa6pa 1907 r. 
***) «KieBCKifl Kypbepi>>, 25 coht. 1907 r. 
**•*) «ToBapHmi>», 13 Hoa6pa 1907 r. 
****) <P*%>, 8 Hoaopa 1907 r. 



HABPOCKM COBPKMEHHOCTH. 95 

pa6oTaerB» *). H raaoe HacTpoeme cpeAH npeAaHHHX'b cyAy norpoM- 
mHKOBi> npoflBJuieTca sa noaiiAHee BpeMfl He bt» oahoH tojilko YMaHs- 
He jajiie, KaE'b Ha-AHaxi, bt> neTep6yprcnHrB ra3eTaxi» 6buia ony- 
6jHKOBaHa qpeaBHqafiHo xapaETepHaa TeaerpaMiia H3t OpniH. «He- 
peA'B o6 , bjiBieHieM , B pe30jHon;iH no xk&y o norpoMi — coo6majiocb b* 
BTofi TejierpaMM* — noAcyAHMtie ciajiH roTOBHTbca wb AeMOHCTpaitfH. 
Ohh npeADOJiarajiii bo Bpeiia qTema pe30JiK)ijiH nponiTb thmh'b h 
orjacHTb sajrb cyAa EpHEaMH ypa. Kor.ua ace hmt» EaTeropnqecEi 
6hjio ofixflBJieHO, hto bt> cy^t AeMOHCTpanJa He 6yAerb AonymeHa, 

BAOXHOBHTeJL HOACyAHMHX'b, GHHUI^RiB, npOH3HeCb nepeA'b BLIXOAOMfc 

cyAa phqb, B*b EOTopoft npocajrb cbohx'b TOBapumeft no Hecqacrb» 
B03AepacaTLca otl epheobt* h npoTecTOB'b, He naAaTb AyxoMt, h sa- 
kohihji'b yBtpeHieMi>, qTO, ecjiH h ocyAarb, to HaEa3aHia oTSHBarb 
He npHjeTca **). 

He yAHBHTejibHo, qTO npa TaEoro HacTpoeHiH bt» paAaxi, coros- 

HHEOB'b HOpoft B03HHEaeTb MHCJIb TOMl*, HT06h Cpa3y OCBOfiOAHTbCa 
Orb BCHEOft OTBtTCTBeHHOCTH 3a npOOIJIOe H SaM^HHTB eAHHHIHHfl 

noMHJOBaHiH *3aK0H0AaTeJibHbiM , b aETOM^ ofimaro xapaKTepa. MftcTaiu 
«HCTHHHO-pyccEia» opraHHaauia npeAapaHHMaKKTb yrce h HtEoropbH* 
npaETHqecKie raarn b^ aTOM-b HanpaBJieHiH. TaET>, bte> XepcoH* no 
noBOAy npuroBopa, cocToaBmaroca no A*Jiy 061* OETaSpbCEOifb no- 
rpoirfc 1905 r., irfccTHue ota^jih «pyccEaro co6paHia» h «coro3a 
pyccEaro HapoAa* o6paTHjmcb, EaKAuft bi OTA^JibHocTH, c*b Bce- 
HOAAaHHtflniHM'b xoAaTaflcTBOurb o MOHapinearb MH.iocepAiH, npoca 

HOBejrfjTb OCBOSOAHTb 06BHHeHHLIX r b OT«b OTBtTCTBeHHOCTH H JIHineH- 

HHifb npaBTb— BosspaTHTb npasa. Ho npa aiowcb OTAtjn> «coK)3a pyc- 
csaro HapoAa*, He AOBOJibciByacb xoAaTaiicTBOM'b o noMHJiOBaHii 
o6BHHeHHtix , b no HacraameMy A*-&y> npH6aBHJTb eme npocbSy, — «Aa6H 
B*b 6yAyn^eM r b, wb aHajioniqHbix'b npoueccax'b, He fituio HaAo6HOCTH 
CesnoEOHTb oco6y ero BaiaqecTBa xoAaTaiicTBaMH o noMHJiOBaHiH, no- 
BejiiTb ceHaTy pascMOTptTb Bonpocb, npHMtHHMa jih BOoSme Et 
OETaSpbCEHirb co6uTiaM , b, HMenyeMHMb eBpeflcKHMH norpoMaMH, 
269 CTaTbfl yjioateHia, bosmojkho jih npH3HaTb B'b dTOWb ABHseHia 
HieMeHHyso Bpa»Ay» ***). 

ByAerb jih acnojiHeHa npocb6a xepcoHCEax^ «coro3HHE0B'b> o $op- 

MaJIbHOM'b H3M*hHeHiH pyCCKHX'b SaEOHOB-b HJIII HtT'b, — CEa3aTb noEa 

TpyAHO. Ho no cymecTBy aia npocb6a bo bc^eom'b cjiy^ai HaxoAnrb 
ce6t yAOBJieTBopeHie B'b »h3hh wb paA* nacTHHXTE* Mtp'b h TaEHMT* 
nyTeM-b b*b npaiTHE* coBpeiieHHaro cyAa ycTaHaBJiHBaeTca Bnojini 
onpeA*«ieHHwfi nopaAOE*b. CyAt KaEX Hejibaa 6ojiie ycepAHO CTapaeTca 
JHEBHAHpoBaTb peBOJfoi^iH), aHcpniqHO B03AaBaa, ecjia He BcerAa npa- 
BHJbHoe, to BcerAa 6ucTpoe «B03Me3Aie» B&wb A^CTBHTejibHbLM'b ■ 



*) ,KieBCKia B*cth*, 24 okt. 1907 r. 
*♦) ,P*ib tt , 27 Hoa6pa 1907 r. 
***) .KieBCxiA B*cth", 4 0Kra6pa 1907 r. 



( «46 B. MHKOTHHB. 

npe^no^araeMtiMi. yqacTHHKaifB ocBo6oaHTeJiBHaro jpHaeeHia, ho Ha 
paay cb TaKOfl «jrHKBHAan;iefi» bi c$ep* A*Jra>> no.jpeaamHX'B Biffb- 
Hiio cyaa, npoHexoflHTh h apyroe aBjaeme, ecan He bhojih* hoboc, to 
bo BGHKOMt cjiynai paapocnieecH #o He6uBa;iBix , B panfce pasMipoBTE. 
n BMtcTi cb rbwb noJiy^uBinee Heo6biKHOBeHHO ynpomeHHHfi xapaK- 
Tept. 3aKOH*L h cyAi> OKastiBaioTca KairB 6bi 6e3cnjibHHMH no oth< 
mem© k-l pa^y flificTBift, KOTopua flaae c*b tohkh 3ptHia jvfcfteTByK- 
maro 3aK0H0,naTeJiBCTBa aBjaioTca caiuuMH ik),h;jihhhlimh npecTynje- / 
HiaMH. H, ecjiH, cb oflHOfi ctopohh, BjacTB bt> ntjax'B «ycnoKoema» 

CTpaHH BCfclTb, BTi KOWh TOJTBKO OHa 3anOfl03pHBaerB CBOHXTi npOTHB- 

HHKOBt, «npoTHBonocTaBJiaeT , B CHJiy», BBipaaceHHyro m> $opM* aflMH- 
HHCTpaTHBHHXi» Kapi> hjih «6Hcrparo cy^e6Haro B03Me3Aia», to, cb 
Apyrofi ctopohh, Ta ase BJiacrB h wb vbxb ae n.'kiiax'B «ycnottoeHifl>» 
c^BTaerB ByacHHifB ocTaHaBJiHBaTB Kaparomyio pyay saKOHa Haat 
y6ii^aMH h norpoMmnttaMH, pas'B nocjit^Hie 3aaBJiaH)rB ce6a pen- 

HOCTHHMH CJiyraMH KOHTp'B-peBOJIIOI^iH. Hepe^ HaMB BT> 9T0MT> cjy- 

lat, oqeBHflHo, ho o#Ha tojlko jinKBHflaiua peBoaioijiH, He npocToe 
BOSCTaHOBJieHie CTaparo nopa^Ka, a hobhS h cepBesHHfi mar* no 
nyTH flajiBHifimaro ynpomema oTHomemfl Meatfly BJiacTBio h Haceae- 
HieMt CTpaHH. 

AHajoraqHHa aBJiema mojkho npocji'fcflHTB h bi» flpynix-B c^epax'B 
SH3HH. Ho, 6htb MoaerB, cb HaHfiojibmeK) pejrbetJmocrbK) ohh bh- 
CTynaiorB Bt HacToamifi momchtb bi» flepeBH'fc, rat jih^m , b kt» Jinny 
CTajiKHBaiOTca KpecrBaHCKaa Macca n npe^cTaBHTejin rbx'B 130 th- 
cait «KyjrBTypHHX , B» noMimH^bnx'B o^aroBT*, Ha crpaarfc hotopedtl 
ofiimaao ctohtb npaBHTejiBCTBO r. CToannnHa. 3jifbcb fliflcTBia BJiacTH 
npioSpiTaroT^ noaeajiyfi, HaHfiojite 3aK0HieHHy» $opny h pyKOBOfla- 
mia hmh TeH^eHi^in BCKpHBaiOTca b'b Hanfiojiie OT^eTJHBOM'B bha*. 
Ho m& Toro, ito6h Haraaflfffce npeVraBHTB cefth 9th TeHfleHijin, ae- 
jrHinHHirB CynerB onaTb-TaKH npnnoMHHTB KOft-KaKie KOHKpeTHHe 
$aKTH hbt> coBpeMeHHoft ,n,epeBeHCK()fi »hshh. 

MnHyBmnM'L jiiTOM'B n ocenBio bt* ^epeBHaxi) chjibho pacnpocTpa- 
hhjihcb noaapbi noMin^nqBHX'B ycajnefii). M4cthhh a^MHHHCTpaTHBHHa 
BJiacTH ptninjiH SopoTbca ci> sthmt* aBJieHieMTb n noBejin Taayro 6opB6y 
cb qpesBHqafiHOK) BHeprieS. TaKi», xaptKOBCKifi rySepHaTop-B o6pa- 
THJica k'b HcnpaBHHKaM'B cBoefl rySepmn cb ocoShm^ i^npKyjiapoM'B, 
nopy^aa hm-b onoBicTHTB Haceaeme ytsAOBTb o tomt», ito «fl**a, no 
ofiBBHemio bt, yMBiniJieHHOM'B noflJKorb Sy^yrB HanpaBjiaTBca, b*b no- 
paflfffc ct. 17-fi nojioaeHia 06^ ycnjieHHofi oxpaH*, juja cyasAOHia no 
3aKonaM'B BoeHHaro BpeiieHH» *). B^ HtKOTopnx'B ,npyrHxi> ry6epHiax^ 
aAMHHHCTpan,ia OKasajiacb, noaajiyJI. erne 6ojite H3o6ptTaTejiBHofi. 
PaaaHCKifi rySepHaTop^, HanpHM-hpi), MHHyBniHM'B jiiTOM-B H3Aajii» 
oco6oe nocTaHOBjieHie, KOTopuMi* o6a3ajn> BvhYb coBepmeHHOJiiTHHX'B 
EpecTbamb aBJiaTbca ct» Be,npaMH, JioMaMH, TonopaMH, 6arpaMH h t. n. 

*) „P*hb*, 23 i»Ha 1907 r. 



HABPOCKH COBPEMEHHOCTH. 97 

Ha noxapu, BOSHHicaiomie na 4 Bepcra B'b oitpy&HOCTH, h npH groin* 
nesnpeKOCJiOBHo nofliHHflTbCH pacnopflseniaMi h Tpe6oBamaM , b cbo- 
♦to cejLCEaro HaqajitcTBa w qnHOB'b noanijiH. T^mt, ace pacnopaae- 
HieiTB ry6epHaTopT> o6a3biBajrb naayjoe cejibCKoe o6mecTsp aepscaTb 

^eMt If HO^BK) KapayJIbHHXT), ROTOpiJe CJTfcflHJIH 6W 3a B03HHKH0B6- 

aieirL noacapoBi> h HeMeflJieHHO onoBtmajm o hhxt> xHT&iefi. Orb hg- 
rojOBHofi bbkh Ha m*cto noacapa ry6epHaTopcKoe pacnopaaceBie 
wSaBjifl-io jihibb rfe cejBcitia o6mecTBa, kotophh 3aBeAyn> j ce6a 

MSapHUfl APyaCHHLI Cb HaflJieaCamHMH , nOffiapBHMH HHCTpyMeHTaMH H 

•y^yrb nocujnaTb Ha noacapH sth ApyKHflH. Bhhobhlim , b ace m» He- 
HcnojmemH BcixT* 8tbxi» pacnopajKeaii} ryfiepnaTop'b rpo3HJTb aflMH- 
HHCTpaTHBHOii Kapofi bi» bha* niTpa<|)a #0 500 pyo. hjih apecTa pp 
Tpexnb MtcflueBT> **). IIoAo6Hnfi nopa^OKi bui ycTaHOBJieBt h m> 
Tj jibCKofi ry6epBiH. • «Bo_ BpeMa nocfcmeHia ryoepBaiopoMii Boropo- 
jwjKaro yts^a — pascitasHBajia OflHa h3t> TejierpaMM'b, noM^meHHiix^ 
jrfeTOM'Jb bt> ctoj[hhhhxt> raseTax'b, — KpecTbaHe, OTKasaBinieca npuHHTb 
j^racrie bt* TymeHia noacapos'L bt> noM , hmH , ibHx r b ycaflboaxTb, oinTpa- 
<w)BaHM no 5 py6. Ha Ka»,pjfl A^opt, CTapmHHa 3a fie^tfiCTBie Ha 
150 pyo., crapocTa na 15 py6.: KpearbaHe cejia KnenraH, E<J>peM0B- 
cicaro y*3Aa, 3a oTKa&b TymHTb HOiKapT* wb HMimn aeifjieBJia.a.'fcjibi^ 
JluMKOBa oniTpa$oBaHH no 3 py6. Ha KaacAHfi ^sopi** ***)• TasHirfc 
o6pa30M^ ycHjiiflMH ry6epncKofl aAMHHHCTpanjH bt> HtcKOJbKHX'b m*ct- 
hocthxb PocciH Ha cejibCKia ofimecTBa B03JiosceHbi HOBbie pacxp^M h 

ftlfl KpeCTbflHT, COS^aHa HOBafl IIOBHHHOCTb BT> n,tjIflXl> OXpaEM HOMt- 

mnqbflro HiiymecTBa. Tbir* caMMMi* KpecTbane CTaBaTca bt> nojioxeme 
JHip», He TOJbKO HepaBHonpaBHbiX'b ct> HOMtmnKaMH, ho aaace Kairb 6h 

■OHqHHeHHHX'b nOOJI'feAHHM'b H BO BCflKOATb CJiy^at 06fl3aHHHX'b HeCTH 

8% Hx^ nojib3y HiiymecTBeHHHH atepTBH h orapaBjaTb bt> hxt* nojib3y 

HSBtCTHHH DOBHHHOCTH. 

Ob HeMeHbraero apKOCTbio to ace nojoseHie oSpHCOBHBaeTca h b^» 
j^yroM'b octpomi> Bonpoci coBpeMeHHofl AepeBeHCKOfi khshh — bx 
tTHomeHiflX'b, coaAMBaiomHxcH Ha no^Bt qncTO 9KOHOMaqecKofi 6opb6u 
uex^y noMimHKaMH h paooTaion^HMH y bhxt> KpecTbasaMH. BjiacTb 
HffltorAa, npaB^a, He ociaBajiacb paBHoAyniHofi ki TaKOfi 6opb64 h 
Boer^a A^psajia bt, Hefi cTopofly noMtnxHKOB'b. Ho Tenepb ryoepHCKaa 
a^MHHHCTpan,ifl, OAapeHHan oco6mmh nojiuoMoqiflMH, BMtniiiBaeTca b'b 
3f7 6opb6y A^flTe-ibHte, qtai^ KorAa-Jiii6o panbnie, h nyeicaerb wl 
xoffr ropa3AO ocjie ptniHTejibHLifl cpeAciBa, HeiiseJiH rh, Kaaia yno- 
Tpe6jwjiHCb eio paBbine. MBHyBmawb j1>T0M r b bi> oa«AaHiH cejrbcuo- 
xe3flficTBeHHiix , b saCacxoBOK'b MtcTHaa aAMHHHCTpauia bo MHornx-b 
nyoepHiflXT* h oejiacTBX'b Poccih BOcnojib30Bajiacb cBoBM'b npaBOM* 
H^AaHLS ooasaTejibHbix'b uocTaHOBJieHifi A-na Toro, qTo6H npH^TH na 
floiiomb noMtmHKaMi> n Bcefo chjiok) rocy#apcTBeHHoii BJiai^Ta no^- 



*) «P*% a , 7 iioji* 1907 r. 
**) .Pfcib", 29 iiojiH 1907 r. 
,|£Ka6pb. OrjitJi-b II 



1 



98 B. MHKOTHH'b. 

aep»aTb HXT» OpOTUFB KpeCTMHCTBa. TaKt, HaupHMtpt, BT> PoctobIi- 
na-^OHy aTaMaHOM^ 6hiJio Hs^aHO odasaTejibHoe nociaHOBJieHie, m- 
rjacHO itOTopoMy ceibCEHirb pattomrb 3a yqacrie Wb CTaqEi rpo3irt 
TpexMica^HHli apecrb*). Toiho Tas'bse xepcoHc&ifi ry6epHaTop*b oeo- 
6uwh nocTaHOBjieHieM'L BoenpeTHJTb hoat» yrposoft mTpa$a B r b 50* p. 
hjh TpexirfcaraHaro apecTa ceabCRO-xosaftcTBeHHwa ciaqRH h sa6a- 
ctobkh, noACTpesaTejibCTBO kt> hhmt> h nocflraT6JU>CTBO Ha yaaieaie 
npHmjiRxi, pa6oqHxi>, xoTa 6h Tasoe nocararejibCTBO Bupasajocb Kb 
o.nHHX'b jihiiib yBtmaHiax'B **). HoAofiHbia ae nocTaHOBJieHia 6hjim 
onyCjiHiiOBaHH h bo mhotphx'b ^pyrHXi mIcthoctaxi. Ho MtcTaMH 
aAMHHHCTpan;ia nonua h nfccKOJibEO ^ajibine. noaraBCEift ry6epHa- 
Top7>, usji&wb m> cbok) oqepeflb oSasaTejibHoe nociaHOBJieHie. Bocnpe- 
njawmee no^i» CTpaxoirb mTpa$a bi 500 py6. mh apecTa Ha Tpa 

M*Caija CeJlbCKOX03flfiCTBeHHLLH 3a6aCTOBEH, HOTpaBH, BT0p»6HUI «'[> 

aaropoaceirabia irtcTa h noxHwema ctea h cojomm, He yAOBOJibCTBO- 
Baicfl 9thh^, a oSparaaca eme cl oco6hmt> ippEyjiapoMb k.% 36m- 
ckhm'b HanajibHHKaM'B. Bt, btomt, jjapEyjiapij ofb npeAJiarajrB 3eM- 
CKHM'b HaqajibHHKaM r b «bi cjiyqai nocTynjiema aaaBiieHia o cam;- 
BOjibHOMi. yxonf> paSoqaro, ecjin HaHHMaiejib ape/VbaBiirb hcki> o 
BBbicuaHiH TpexMicanHaro sajioBama*, «HeMe^ji6HHO, OTJioacHBt Mi> 
A&aa no yqacitcy, He Aajrfce, EaE* Ha Apyroft AGHb, Ha ifbcrb paao- 

opaTb ECE'b H, npH yAOBABTBOpeHiH HCRa, BHAaTb HCHOJIHHTe*bHHft 

.HHCTb ct> HasHaqemeifb ncnojiHHTejiH ptmeHia*. Ha Torb ace ciyqaii, 
eciH6£i pa6oqift 6mxb HaHarb no floroBopHOMy jiHdy m HaHHiiareib, 
oTKasuBaacb orb rpasA&HCEaro ncica, ofipaTHJica et> nojHiiiH ci> 
upocbGofl o uoHyacAeHin pafioqaro aBHTbca Ha pa6oTy, ryfiepHaTopciuii 
ijHpsyjiap'b npeAHHCHBajTb amc&uwb HaqajibHHEairb «Ha6jiiocTH bi. 
aTOM*b OTHoineHin 3a A*ficTBiaMH nojiaiUH h He no3»e, EaEb Ha jpy- 
roft flfiEb hjih, bt» KpaflHeM'b cflyqat, Ha ipeTift AOHb no noayqefiiu 
orb noaiiulH cooomema o HeHcuojmemH paGoqaifb TpeooBaHia hoib- 
0,iH 9 pascMOTptob A*Jio bt> yrojiOBHOM^ nopaAK**. «BHCTpoTa npoHS- 
BOACTBa osHaqeHHHX'b AtJi» o6a3aTejibHa>, — npnfiaBjiaji'b ry6epHaTopi> 
h wb saoioqeHie cBoero i^npKyjiapa o6a3HBaji , b 3eMCKHXt HaiaibHH- 
wowb b^b tomt. cjiyqai, ecjiH EaKia-JiH6o oocToaTeabCTBa nocTaBarb 

HX*b B*b HeB03M0SH0CTb <<HCnOJIHHTb 4TO-JIh6o Bli CpOE'b, yEa3aHHblfi DO 

j^HpEyjiapy, o EascAOATb TaKOMTb HencnojiHeHiH aoboahtb ao GB^A^Hia 
ry6epHCEaro npHcyTCTBia, EOTopoe oficyAHTb npHUHHH saiieAJieHia, a 
b*b cjyqai HaAo6HOCTH h npHMerb irbpu E*b ycTpaHeHiio npenaTCTBifi. 
^aMeAJiaromHX'b hpoh3boactbo» *). 

TaEHin> odpasoM^, b^ DojTascEOfi ryfiepHin, coraacHo ToqHOMy 
cMbicjiy npeAHHcaHia Bbicniefi ry6epHCEOfi aAMHHHCTpai^iH, bc* A**a, 
HaxoAanuaca B*b B'hA'feHiH somcehx^ HaqajbHHEOB'b, aojihhh 6hjri 

*) ^ToBapHiA'b*', 11 iiDJia 1907 r. 
**) „ToBapHim>% 26 iiDHa 1907 r. 
:?: **) .P'feHb", 4 h 11 iK>JiA 1907 r. 



HABPuCKH CJBPBMBHHOCTH. 99 

'TOABiiuyTbca hu aaAeift njiaui nepe^ HHTepecaMH seiueBJiaAtjih- 
neB^, KOTopiimx rpoBHjia noTepa pa6oqHXT> pyKT>. IIoiTaBCKie hom*- 
iuhkh He aaMe/UHJiH ou^hhtb kck) BiiroAy co3AaBiiiarocfl aih hhx^ 
uoiosema h nocntmnjiH noftTH HaBCTptqy 3a6oTam> aflMHHHCTpaEpH. 
Kaicb coo6majiH B'b cboo BpeMfl rase™, wb HepeacjiaBCKOM'B y*8#fc 
iipeABOAHxejib ABopflHCTBa, kh. TopqaKOBt ceKpeTHo pa3ocjiajrB hom*- 
uiffsairB unpKyjflpf> catflyromaro cojiepaaHia: «bt> BHfly MorymHX'i, 
BOSHHKflyT* aafiacxoBOtti, Ha uojieBBixt pafioTaxx, ,pa ofaerHeHiH 
cKoptflmaro nxt noaaBJieHia, wejiaTaiiBHo, *ito6h BaacTH 6hjih ocB'fe- 
AOMJieHu o jiHu,ax^, pyKOBOflamHX'b bt> cejiaxt arnTaipefi; hobtomv 
ii pom y cooOmHTb aneHa Hanoojite BJiiineJiBHbix'b h Bpe^Hux^ B'b 
Bjowb OTHonieHiH KpecTBHETB* *). PaschuiajiHCB Jin noao6HHe aupny- 
japH h Bi» jjpyrax-B yfcsaax'B, HeH3BicTH0, ho, ecjiH aaaee B'B uoariJA- 

HHXt H He 6UJO TaKHXt 0Ka3aT6J[BCTB r B rhCHOft APyac6H nOMtm,HKOFf. 

h a;piHHHCTpai4H, hxt> OTcyTCTBie He irhmajio cymearBOBamio caiiofi 
3pys6bi. Tato>. aor#a b'b Jtomjij iioHH b*b aepeBffh HacHHKOBK*, JIox- 
BHi^Karo yteAa, pa6oxaBmie Ha MaHTaiUaxT. kh. Op6ejriaHn KpecTbHHf 
oTKaaajflCB orb npoflOJUKema pa6orb, noTpe6oBaBT. yayqmema hhihh, 
to y»e qepeax qacB nocjrfc 06'bflBjieHiH 3a6aaroBKH bt> HMtme aBn- 
.iacB nojmtujj cb KaaasaMH. Bcit^ sa rbwb neTBepo ysasaHHUXh 
KaflaeMT) Op6eJiiaHH «3aqHHmiiK0B'B» H3^ ^HCJia KpecTBaffB 6bmh 
apecTOBaHM h OTnpaBjeHbi bt> joxBHijKift apecTHbifi nowb **). 
«BwcTpoTa npoH3BOACTBa>, KOTopoft Tpe6oBaji , B liOjiTaBcaifi ry6epHa- 

TOp*B, 0Ka3aJiaCB TaKHlTB 06pa30M*B C05jK)AeHHOfi B'B HOJIHOft Mip'h fl, 

Ha#o uo-iaraTB, He cb MeHbmuM'b pBemeire co6juo,najiacb OHa h b'b 
ApyraxT> cjiyqaaxi. 

<J>aKTOB-V no A06HIJXX rOJIBKO TIO npHBeAeHHBIMT>, B'b xpoHHK* hh- 

trfcniHeS aepeBeHCKoii jkhshh mojkho yKa3aTB He Majio. H onarB-TaKH 
iioabccth bc4 Taaie $aKTH iio^b npocTy© $opMyjiy «JiHKBHflaijiH pe- 

BOJHK)ipH», OieBHflHO, wkvb HHKaKOfi B03M0SH0CTH. B'B fffcfiCTBHTeflb- 

fiOCTH ia aapTHHa, itoropyK) ohh oopHcoBBiBarorB, coAepacHrB bb ce6t 
:itq'fo ooJibinee, qtM*B o^na TOJbKO jiHKBH^ai^iH peBOJiiouin. en MeqTa- 
HiS h ea nplo6ptTeHifi. Yse oahh npHBeAOHHtie Bbiiue upHMtpu cb 
AOCTaToiHOH) y6*hAHxejBH0CTBK) CBHfl*TejiBCTByio'rB o tom*b, q[To a*fi- 
cTBiaiiH BJiacTH b'b ^epcBHt bt> HacTou^ee BpeMfl pyROBO^HTB CTpeMJieme 

He TOJBKO B03CTaHOBHTB CTapHfi UOpfl^OIfB, He TOJIBKO B03C03^aTb 

npeisHifl OTHomeniji Mes^y noMtn^HKaiiH h KpecTbHHCTBOMi>, ho h 
npoABHHyTB axH oTHomeHia em;e jjajiBme, npn^aTB hmi> enie 6ojie 3a- 
ftonqeHHLifi bh^i.. Pa36ynieBaBUiiflCH bojihh peaKn;iH ne SHarorB yAepacy 

H, CTpeMflCB OpofiTH B03M0SH0 A^JbOie H yHH<IT03KHTB Bet CTOflO^ifl Ha 

hx'b nyra npeoHTCTBifl, nonyiflo cMHBarorB bc* npaKTHKOBaBmiacH 
paHBme fijraroHaiiipeHHHH upHKpacH h oSHaacaiorB HCTHHHyio cym 
HoeTB -Bemet H upemjip KpecTBHHCTBO oSjarajocb noBHHHOCTflMu, 



*) w P6^b", 10 iioaa 1907 r. 
**) „P4ib fc , 3 i»^a 1907 r. 



100 B. MtfKOTHH'b. 

o6pamaBiiiHMECfl wb noJibay iiOMtmuKOBi,, h npeKA« BJiaciB b*b AepeBH-fe 
Heoc*a6Ho a HeycwnHO cToaaa Ha crpaai coijiajiBHaro nopaA*a, 
o6e3neHUBaBU)aro cajiy noirbmaqbaro EJtacca a OesnpaBie KpecTbaa- 
cTBa, h Bcrpiqajia acecroKBMH penpecciaaia Bcattoe noKymeaie Hapy- 
ihhtb 9Ton, nopaAOKt. Ho Tenepb rfc se npieMbi nycKaroTca bt> xo/pb 
B^ ij'fcjiax'L «ycnoKoeaia» A^nieAniaro #0 KpaflHeft Hy»AH a B3bojih#- 
Baimaro peBOJnoi;ioHHog Gypefi Hacejiema, a BAoOaBOttB npatfhHHiDTGa 
ohh cl HecpaBHeHHO Sojibiiiefi OTKpoBeHHOCTbK) n cb yAecflxepeflHofi 
aHepriefl. ropart noMtmaiba ycaAfcObi, — h BJiacTB Hajiaraerb aa 
OKpecTHoe KpecThHHOTBO iiorojiOBHyK) noBHHHOCTb Tyniema noffiapoBi», 
npoHBuaa BM&crb cl rbM r B roTQBHocTb npa6fcrayTb kt> caMbiifL cyp9- 
blimT) penpecciaM r b, BnaoTb ao BoeHHbix'b cyAOBt. BcnbixaBaKm, ceab- 
GKO-xo3.aficTBeHHbia aaSacTOBBH,— h k-b ycayrairb nojrfemaKOB'b OKasbi- 
Ba»Tca set cpeACTBa BJiacra, naqaaaa vb OjiarocKiioHHaro a ObicTparo 
cyAa, npoAOJi»aa aAMHHacrpaTHBHofi pacnpaBOft h aoaqaa bohhckhmh 

KOMaHAaMH. IIpH 9T0Mt BCBKafl HOQblTKa COnpOTMBJieflifl yCHJIHBae'Pb 

8Hepriio BJiacTH ao Kpafiaax'B npeAtJOBt, Bbi3HBaa cb ea cTopoKH 
caMBie dECTpaopAHHapHBie ciiocooli B03AtficTBiH Ha HaceJieme, Biuerb 

AO BOBCTaHOBJieHiH CpeAHeB'feKOBLIX'L npaBOBHX'L MHCTHTyTOBTb. Ecjlh 

paHBnie KpecTbflHCTBo Ohjio cBA3aH0 itpyroBofl nopyaofi Bt noAaTHdi 
c<$epi, to Tenepb eMy npaxoAaTca Bee qame sHaKOMHTbca g% Mero- 
Aomi> KpyroBofl nopyicn bt> oOaacrB hojihthkh. Ecjih paHBine bt> ab- 
peiiHi OuBajiH cjiyqaa MaccoBbix r b nrrpa^oBT,, najiaraBinaxca nopoM 
Ha i$Jioe oCmecTBo, to Tenepb b-l Hefi cmm Aaaeico ae piA^a cayqaH 
iiaccoBbixii apecTOBi) h MaccoBbixi ace bhcbijiokt,. MaHyBmairb li- 
tomt> npoBHHi^iajibHbia a cTOJiaqHbia ra3eTH oOomejrB pascKas'b o Aayx* 
xapaKTepHbix'b cjiyqaaxt Taaoro poaa, pa3birpaBmaxca bt> Typia. Bfc 
MiiKejib-raOpiejibCKOM'b oOmecTB* 6ujlt> apecTOBaa-B bb nojiflOM'B co- 
CTaai (368 qeJiOBtKt) cejibcitifi cxoa'b 3a OTKast b-b BbiAaqi Mtcr- 
Haro cou^ajHi-AeMOKpaTHqecitaro KOMHTeTa. ApecTOBaHHbie KpecTtaae 
ohjih npenpoBoasAeHH B'b 03ypreTbi, ta4 hx^, 3a HeaMtHieai'B Aocxa- 

TOHHarO KOJIHqeCTBa CB060AHblXT> MtcrB BT> TlOpbMt, HOMtCTHJIH no^b 

OTpaacefi bte» qacTHOM'B aom^. Apyrofi cjiyqafi 6hjh> He MeHte xapaKTep- 
hhmT). B'B JiaHrxyTCKOM'B yqacTK* KyTaaccKofi ryfiepHia npHCTas* 
MHKieBi, BHTpeSoBaji'B kt> ce6t otb KaKAaro cejia JiaHqxyTCKaro ^6- 
mecTBa no ynojiHOMoqeHHOMy nm neperoBopoB-b o BbiAaqi jihi^, ro- 
EyniaBmaxca Ha ero miwb. Ho ynojiHOMoqeHHbie He cMorjiH a%» 
upacTaBy HysHbix r b eMy CBtA^Hifi a bi> cbhsh cl sthmb, no cj[OBaii% 
raaeTHaro cooomemii, 52 qejiOBtKa H3b JiaHqxyTCKaro oGmecTBa 6iiiH 
HaMiqeBH rt> bhchjik* bt> ctBepHHa ry6epma *). Cjiyqaa Tasoro po^a 
paiurpyBaioTCii bi> aacToan^ee BpeMa He TojibKO bb Typia, ohh He 
mfit y»B p*akh h B'b ^HTpaaBHbix r b ryOepeiaxT). ^.ocTaToqHO bchok- 
hmtb xoTa On ^epflaroBCKyio ryOepmK), Ha Tepparopia ROTopofi ry- 
GepaaTopt PoAioHOBt MHflyBmaM'b jitTOMi. B'b a.tjiax'b ycnoicoeHia Ha- 



*) „P*qb", 4 i»jm 1907 r. 



HABPOCKH COBPBMBHHOCTH. 101 

cejema coBepraaxb c^opiieHHue BOHHCKie noxoasi, ofiucKHBaa ceieaia, 
xyropa, jrbca h 6ojiOTa, AecflTsaMH 3a6apaa bt> wrhwb noflospirrejfc- 
huxt» jhivb h rposHo Tpe6ya on, HaceieHia BHflaqn Bctx'B spaiion- 

HHTb aieifeHTOB'B. 

floxoflbi qepHHroBCKaro rySepnaTopa, no ciOBairb areHTcraxi ie- 
jrerpanirb, apoH8BejiH «ycnoRaHBaromee h oTpesBjiaiomee BneiaTjrfcHie* 
Ha KpecTBflHGRoe Hacejiesde. Mohho flyMaTb OflHaRO, mto 8th hoxoah, 
saieb h set BOoSme fltficTBia BJiacTH bt> AepeBffb 3a nocjrfcflHee 

Bpeiffl, HM*fcjIH H HtROTOpiUI flpyrifl HOCjiflCTBiff. H nepBLI&Tb KIT* Ta- 

SHXT, nocit^GTBifi aojikho 6hjio HBHTbca Heo6iiKHOBeHHoe ynponjeme 
oTHomeHift nes^y BjiacTbio h Hacejiemein>. H ocTaBiaio noRa b-l cto- 
pori BonpocB o Tom's, Ras'B Morjo nocjrfcflHee pearapoBaTb Ha TaRoe ynpo- 
meHie. Ho camjft fy&RVb ynpomema OTHomemft bo BcaROirb cjryqa* He 
Ho^ieasHTB cnopy h He Moserb BusuBaTb HHRaRHXTi coMHtaifi. Ha rjaaax r f> 
RpecTbflHCRaro HaceaeHia BiacTb CBH3HBaerb cefia caMHirb rtcHUMX, 

CaiUOTB He^ByCMHCJeHHUM'b H OTRpOBOHHUlCb C0H)301TB CB UOM'tffl.Hqb- 

hmt> RjaccoifB, OT^aBaa Ha cjiyaceHie nocjrtflHeity bck> cboio cnjy h 
npit&braa b-b ero HHTepecax^ kt, BceBO3M0SHEiifB cpeACTBaira B03- 

j^MCTBifl Ha 2KH3HB HapOAHLUTB MaCCL. H O^HOBpeMeHHO Cb STHlTb 

caitua flfAcTBisi BJiacTH nojyqarorb bhojih* onpeAtaeHHbdl xapaRTepi, 
yTpa^HBaa BGflsyiD cb&sb cb npaBOBoft noiBofi. BaacTb aB.iaeTca ne- 
pexB Hace^eHieHT* b*b pojm He HOCHTe*bHHHbi Toro hjih HHoro npaBa, 
a ofaaxaTeJbHHUH chjih, h OflHy ary cMy OHa h npoTHBonocTasjuierL 
Bcinrb sanpocairb, Bcfeirb cTpeMaeHiairb HapoflHHX'b Macci>, He lyaaa 

CTfcCHHTb Ce6fl RaRHMH-MfiO npaBOBHXH HOpMaMH, RaRHMH-JIHtX) co- 
06paaeHiHMH SaROHHOCTH HJH HBSaROHHOCTH CBOHX'b jtfjftCTBiJI. 

Korja CKjjaAMBaeTca TaRoe noxoflceme Bemefi, npa KOTopoMt npaBH- 
TejbcrBeflHaa BJiacTb ompoBeHHo Ceperb Ha ce&i samffry HETepecoBt 
ojHoro Riacca npoTHVb rpoMaflHHX'b iiaccb HaceieHia h bt> btoS sa- 
imnrfe ptniHTejbHo cxoahtb cb npaBOBoft noisu, He ocTaHaBUBaacb 
hh sepeffb KasHiTB HacMieirb, BsaHMHiui oTHomeHifl BiacTH h Hace- 
jema H6H8&bxH0 ynpoma»Tca #0 nocj*AHefi cTeneHH. H dto yHpo- 
meme npio6p*Taerb rbm Gonnre SHaiemfl, q^irB onpe^eHH^e ca- 
mhs gMtcroiji BjacTH, qtin* acHie Ta itfua, ROTopyn ohh npecjrbjQr- 

KTTB, H YfclfB BT, fiOJIBEDeifB ITpOTHBOptqiH HaXOftHTCff 3Ta ufrxb CO 

GTpeMjeHiflMH mHpoKHXT, Maccb. A Meac^y rbin b*b c$ept BonpocoBi 

AepeB6HCR0fi XH3HH HOJETHRa, UpOBOUHMaa BJiaCTLK), HMeHHO TasoBa, 

too jcntorb en SHaMeHOBajrB 6h co6ok> a^h AepeBHH bt> ea i^hiOM^ 

He TOJbRO B08CT^HOBJieHie BC/bXT, CTapUXT, nOpfl^KOB'b, HO h AaJEbvbft- 

mee bxt» ynpoqeHie h pasBHTie. 

Ho to ae caMoe vb cynpocrH npoHCXOAHTb h bo bc^xt, ApyrHX'b 
o6iaGTflTb cospeiceHHol hhshh. Oaho BpeMfl FbROTopue opraHbi Ha- 
nrefi npeccu b*b cbash cb paaroBopaMH o coBepmaromefica jiHRBHfta- 

IPB jeBOIIOUiH AOBOAHO HaCTOfiqflBO npOBOAHJH H OTGTaHBaiH Ty 

MHCJb. q-ro B*b HacToanqfi momchtt* 3HaqHTejn>Haa qacTb oOmecTBeH- 

HSFb CH^b KOSeTl> H JOJUKHa fibTTb oTBJieqeHa OTb nOJIHTHqeCROtt 



10 J B. MHKOTHH'B. 

f>opw6u b*l pycjio KyjH/rypHofi pafioTH. r Wi!cTBHTeibHocTb He saMeAUHJia 
BcapiiTb bck) HaHBHOCTb Taicoro pofla njiaHOBT, h npeAiiojioacemfi. 
Gi&ojibKO-HH6yAL HHTeHCHBHafl KyjibTypHa^ pa6oTa bt> ycjOBiflxi nepe- 
HCHBaeifaro MOMeHTa oKasajiacB uooraBJieHHoft bt> He fiojite, ecjur 
tojibko He MeHte, 6aaroiipiaTHoe noioaeme, *ii»rB to, KaKoe oHa 3a- 
HHMajia b*b npeacHee BpeMfl. Hobuji KyiBTypHua HaiHHaHUi, b'b toU 
hjih HHOfi Biipi H^ymia Bp^im co cTapuMH nopa#itaMH KH3HH, He- 
MOAieHHO noABepraioTCfl ynopHOMy upecjitAOBaHiio co ctopohh Topse- 
cTBynmefi peaKijin. npo$eccioHajn>HHC codsh, e,pa BOSHHKHyB'B kt> 
khshh, nonajiH jioa'b xaKoft ace no^TH cHjibHufi h nenpepbiBHbifi rpa#L 
penpeccifi, Ka&ofi ociinaerB y Hact HOJiHTHqecKia napTiH, h no#& aa- 
BiemeifB 8thxt> penpeccifi KH3HB cojo3obt>, oaho BpeMH Kas'B 6y#ro 
o6imaBfflaa nrapoKo pasBepHfTbCH, bhobb aaifepaa. fit cbok> o^epeAb 
h HecpaBHeHHo fiojrte CEpoMHiia KyjibTypHbui npeflnpiaTia Haxo^fln* 
Kjm ce6fl He oco6eHHo MHoro npocTopa b% o6cTaHOBEfc TeKymaro mo- 
MeHra, jj,aae yci'poficTBo nydanTOHX-B jreiouft oaaaHBaeTca b«b 3toS 
o6cTaHOBH,t AO-HejiB3Ji aaTpyAHeHHbiMi). H aarae Tor^a, aor^a Tanis 
jiem^H ycTpaHBaioTCfl, offfc nopoio BJieKyrb 3a cofioro coBepmeHHO He- 
oxHAaHHHfl nocjrhflCTBia. He aajrfce, icaa^ bt> Komyb MHHyBmaro jrfera, 
bt» MocKBi npoHsomejrb TaKoro poaa oiyqafi. Ha jrhTHHX'B Eypcax-L, 
opraHHSOBaHHUXB oomecTBOMi, BoenHTaTejibHJiq'B h yqHTea&HHiyb, m> 
*ihcj* ApyrnrL aeKTopoBi qHTajm iieKn^n npHBarB-jjoijeHTH EopoBoft h 
CaKyjiHHi. O^HaKO MOCKOBCKOiiy reHepajrL-ry6epHaTopy He nonpaBMHCB 
MreHLfl diHX'L juq& h oht>, He aojiro Ayifaa, HaaoraHjrB Ha hhxt» oa 
Hapymeme o6fl3aTeiBHaro nocTaHOBJieak> ]UTpa$T>, Ha r. GasyjiHHa 
b* paBMtpt 500 p. h Ha r. BopoBoro b^ pasirhpfc 1.000 p., cb 3a- 
m*hok> npn Heynjiarfe hIch^hhm'l apecTOMt. Kor.ua r. BopoBofi OTKasaaca 
ynjiaTHTb noTpe6osaHHHfl cb Hero gorani, owb h 6butb AtficTBHTeJibHO 
3aK*meffB b*b cymeBciaii nojiHijeficKift homo> *). TaKHir& ofrpasoarB vl% 
nxGsy ycaoBifi, onpefliuraromHX'b bo3mokhoctb npocB^THTejibHoS pa- 
6oth nyreirB ny6jHqHHxi» jieKi^ft, coBpeMeHHaa AficTBHTeabHOCTB npa- 
SaBHia eme ohho: b% pesyjiLTarh npoiHTaHHoS jeK^iH jieKTopb mo- 
ser* nonjiaTHTbca ^eHe«CHbiM r b nupa^oMTb, .ih6o chcTb b^ TiopbMy. H 
Tanoe ycjOBie, HyaKHO npHfiaBHTB, pacnpocTpaHaerB cbo» cany He 
tojbbo Ha JieKuiH, ho h Ha flpyria ctopohh fliurrejiBHocTH (timfivrvh, 
cTaBHmnxi* ce64 KyjiBTypHHa sa^am Hb'b MaccH cjiy^aeBi,' o6pHCo- 
BMBawnjHX'b 917 cTopoHy A'hja, a B03BMy w& npimipa tojibko o^hh^. 
B* Boropo^HDiKOMi yfe^* TyjbCKofl ry6epmH cymecTBOBaao ofimecTBo 
HapoAHaro o6pa30Bama. HponuiHM'L aiTOM'B o6me§ co6pame 9Tora 
o6mecTBa nocTaHOBHjio osasaTB noMomb BMCbuiaBineMyc^ nm, ry6epHiH 
yqHTeaio. Hocjii Toro caMoe ofimecTBO 6hjio saRpwro, ^jieH'B ero npa- 
pjieHifl, r-»a 3HaMeHCKaa, cocTOflBmaa bm*ci* cb rhMt HaHaju.H*meH 
Micraofi o6maHH cecTepi MHJiocepAiJar, 6swa apecTOBaHa, a flpeAct- 
;iaTeib o6maro co6pama, qjieHT* seMCKoft yiipaBBi. Shji'b ouiTpa^oBaHT* 



*) ,P*Hb", 31 mjLa h 3 aBrycTa. 



HABPOCKH COBI'EMEHHOCTM. 103 

ryfiepHaTopoM'B Ha 500 p. **). 8to, koh6^ho, He 6ojrke, mm* iceJiKift 

OMBOffb Bl» C0BpeM6HH0fi flMCTBHTeJLBHOCTH, HO B^b TaRHMH 8IIH30- 

jaMH nepenojHeHa shshb pocciftcKaro o6H8aTejm He bi> o#hoS tojibko 
TyjbCKOft ryfiepma, h b'b BHfly woro ^obojibho Tpy^HO cepbesHO ro- 

BOpHTB B03M02KHOCTH OTJIHBa 3KHBHXT. ofimeCTBeHHHX'b CHJTb B'B 

KjjftTypHyH) pa6oTy. B'B 3T0fl c$ep4 KHsna HOBTopaeica to ae ca- 
noe, to) h Bo.Bchxt ocTajLHHXT). Bjiaroaapa flMcTBiairb bjkicth, 
peBHHBO eTapaiomeiiea He tojibko BepHyTb ce61j act cboh CTapiaa no- 
suajh, ho h 3axBaTHTB hobbih, flase caMaa cKpoMHaa Kyjn/rypHaa pa- 
fiora aBJiaeTCH #o-HejiB3a 3aTpynHeHHofl h Hacejieme OKasHBaeTca sa- 

I HaHHHlTB B7. TyHHRfc. 

HeMHorHM'B Jiyraie o6ctohtb flijio h b% bhcoihxb y^efiHux'b 3a- 

BeXeHiflXTB. H*KOTOpKLH HSX TaKHXTb 3aBe,HeHifi, B'B CBOe BpeHa B03- 

HremHX'B no qacTHofi urn o6mecTBeHHofi HHHipaTHBt, TenepB y»e 3a- 
KpHTH a^MHiiHCTpauiefi. TaKaa cy^bfia nocTHnia, HanpHirhp'b, b'b IleTep- 
6yprfc BwCfflyro BojibHyio HlKOJiy, cosflaHHyio npo$. JIecra<i>TOM , b h npH- 
BjieKaBHiyx) Bt cboh ayaHTopia 3HaiHTejibHoe kojih^cctbo yiamefica mo- 
jrojesH. TaKOBa me 6buia 3a nocjrfcflHee Bpeaia cyflbfia h h4kotophx , b 
s$jywxi> Bbicurax'b yHefiHHXi saBenemft. Boo6me se Bucmaa niKOJia 
bhobb 0Ka8ajiacb nocTaBJieHHofi no^b cnjibHiitniee jjaBJieme co cto- 
poHU aAMHHHCTpaiiiH. YHHBepcHTeTCKaH aBTOHOMta HanojKOBHHy yace 
jic^esxa h 8% »H3Hb Bwcnieft niKoabi onaTb bxoahtb CTapufi hojih- 
ueicsifi peanM'b, BpeMeHHO HsrnaHHbia 6iuo hs'b ea crtorb. A Birt- 

Tt Cb 3THMT> CTa^HlTb pefflHMOM'b B'b SH3HB BHCHiefi HIROJIH BOHIJIO 

!i ero HeHs6*»Hoe , nocjii^cTBie. AKafleMHqecKifi roni Ha^ajica coBep- 
1H6HH0 cnoKofiHO h nepBOHaiajibHO BHHMaHie cTy^ertecTBa 6hjio ofipa- 
ineno hohth HCKJHOiHTeabHO B'b yie6HHM r b saHaTiaMTi. Ho no Mtp* 
roro, Kairb »H3Hb yqanjeftca MOJiofleaw no^Beprajiacb Bee SoibraHifb h 
(»ojo>fflHMT> crbcHemaifb, B'b ea cpejtfk HapoeTajio npoTecTyiomee na- 
cTpoeme, BupBaBmeeca, HaKOHeij'b, Hapyray B'b qfaoirb pa^fe cTy^eH- 
leciuurb BOJiHeflifi. B'b TOpbeBt, bt> Kiest, B'b O^eccb, B'b MocKBt 

BCHilXHBaJIH 9TH BOJIHCHia, H HO OTHOffleHiK) B'b HflMTb 6HJIO HymeHO 

Bfb xojcb onaTb-TaKH CTapoe cpe^cTBO— MaccoBoe yBOJibHeHie, B'b KieBt, 
HanpHM'bp'b, npairhHeHHoe vb TaKofi aHepiieB, ^to 6ojrte 700 cTy^en- 
tobi> 6hah Bbi6pomeHH nn yHiiBepcuTeia. 

Tojibko hto OTMtqeHHoe Aueme biuothji) noABO^HTb Hacb kt, APjroft 
oTopoHi toto Boupoca, o KOTopoM'b y Hacb Hflerb p4qb. Ho paHbine, 
•rhirb o6paTHTbca wl 3Tofi ApyroA cTopoH*, nonbiTaeHca cbccth ktb 
ojqiOMy ofimeMy HTory Bee cKasaHnoe BHine. CTapaacB bhhchhtb TeH- 
iiempio, pyKOBOAanQTH) B'b HacToan^ee BpeMa AtficTBiaMH BJiacTH, a ne 
6es% yHucia ocTaHaBJiHBajica mT> sthx'b ^tficTBifi jehhib Ha tbx-l, 
Koropua HocaTb, TaKt CKaaaTb, Haa6ojrbe o6uA6HHUfi xapaKTep^, 
Ktropna He BuxojwTb 3a npe^iuiH e»e^HeBHoM cipofi ^ficTBHTejib- 
Hoera. M mm bha*Jih, wo, ^aae ocTaBaacb b-b 3thxt> npe^jiaxi,, 

*) .P-feife-, 1 aerycTa 1907 r. 



104 rt. MHItOTHH'h. 

AtfiCTBifl BJiaCTH HejEbSH nORpUTb OAHOK) JIHUlb (|)0pMyJI0li JIHKBHAaijiK 

peBOJiK)i;iH hjih ae irb 9T0fi $opityjr&, ecjiH y»b ynoTpeSjiHTb ee, np«- 
xoahtgh A^JiaTb pflAt cymecfBeHHiorL oroBopoK'B h AonojiHeHifi. Caiia 
no ce6t 0Ha cjihuikomi, eme CKpoMBa h 6jiaroAapa aioMy cjihiekomi, 
h6to«iho nepe^aeTB cymecTBo TeKymaro MOMeHTa. Bt> A*ftcTBHTejibH*- 
c.th mm nepeaHBaeirb pasryjn> TopaecTBymeft peaKuin, KOTopan cm- 
raerb ce6a no64AHTejibHHn,efi m hmohho noaTOMy hh Ha MHHyry Ht 1 
0TKa3HBaeTca orb npoAoaaenifl 6opb6w, cTpeMacb He rojbKO OTo6pa*i> 
h yHHHToaHTb Bet npiofiptTeHia, CA*JiaHHHH 6luo HaceJieHiearb 3;i 
nocjrhAHie ABa rofla, ho h ynpo^HTb tochoactbo CTaptixi. nopaARom. 

2KH3HH B*b eme dOJlte 060CTpeHH01fb H SaKOMeHHOlfb BH^t. H co- 

oopasHo Tammy noaoaeHiio Bemefi BjiacTb, ojianeTBopaiomaH bt> cefii 
3Ty peawpro, He xo^erb h He Moaerb ocTanoBHTbca Ha npoxoAHMOirb 
eio nyTH. PoKOBHM'b oopa80M , b BbinyaAeHa OHa onycaaTbca co cTyneHbRH 
Ha cTyneHbity, Bee OTKpoBeHfffce pacKpbiBaa cBoe HGTHHHoe coAepaanie, 
Bee rbcHte CMbi&aa okojio ce6a Kpyrb gbohxi> cjiyn> h cok)3hhjkobi>. 
Bee 6ojibuie ynpomaa cboh OTHomeHia ire Hacejiemro. 

PyKOBO^HCb HcoroqHTejibHO cji'bnHM'b HHCTHHKTOM'b caMocoxpaHenia 
k cTaBH nepeAt coooro eAHHCTBeHHofi aa^aqefi noAAepaame KaKofi 6u 
to hh 6hjio iyhHoft cTaparo nojiHTHqecKaro h cou,iajibHaro yoa^a, 
BJiacTb 0Ka3biBaeTCH bt» h6o6xoahmocth npoH3BOAHTb see 6ojrfce Tma- 
ieJibHhifi no^oopt Aase cpeAH cbohx'b co6cTBeHHHX r L cjiyrb, omeTaa 
rhxi* mi* Hiix'b, kto He ofinapyaHBaeT'b AocTaTOiHoft peTKBOcra bt> 
npecjrhflOBaHni HaMiieHHofi njhm h OTCTynaerb nepeAt ynoTpefijieHieirb 
spafiHHX'b cpeACTB'b. 3a ABa nocjrfeAHie roaa npoijeccb TaRoro iiOA<>opa 
CAtJiajrb rpoiiaAHMe ycntxH, ho oH'b npoAOJiaaeTca h ao chxi> nopi, 
HaxoAfl ce6i> Bbipaaeme bt> paA* KpacHopinHBux^ (JaKTOB-b. Ha-AHax£ 
em,e ra3eibi pascKasajin OAHffb hst, noAo6HMxi> $aKTOB'b. He TaRt a^bho 
vb Part 6hjih KasHeHU ABa 6paTa IocejbaoHu, ofiBHHeHHHe bt> y6iit- 
ctb*, He cMOTpa Ha to, hto jhd,o, B03BeAmee Ha hhx% orosop'b Wb 
y6ifiCTB*, Ha cyA* b;hjio 3totb orosopi HasaA^, 3aaBHBi>, ^to oh-b 
6uji r b BUHyacAeHHUM'b. Bcji^a^ 3a ^H'b bt> raseiax'b noaBHJiacb Tasaa 
TejerpaMMa h3t> Phfh: «npoKypopi» BoeHHo-OKpyacearo cyAa nojiKOB- 
hhk'b Xa6apoB r b, noAaBoiifi npoTecrb Ha o6BHRHTe.iLHwlf npHroBopi* 
ho ni-iy 6paTbeB*b Iocejib30HOBi, OTCTpaHem* ora aojhehocth* *). 
BoeHHui npoKypopt, piinaioiuificfl npoTecTOsaTb hpothbi cMeprHaro 
upnroBopa, xoth 6h 3aB*A0Mo, no ero MHtmio, HenpaBM&Haro, oto- 
bhaho, He Moaerb 6biTb TepnHMi> Ha cjiya6t. H TaKoro poAa noAfioin. 
CBOHX'b cjyrb BjiacTb c r b oAHHaKOBbQfb ycepAieifb npaKTHKyerbNi bi> 
p^Aaxi, BoficKa, h cpeAH rpaaAaHCKHXi qnHOBHHROB'b, k bt> cpeA* 
AyxoBeHCTBa. OnHTb-TasH Ha ahaxx bi> «PyccK0Mi> 3aaifeHH» noaBH- 
jocb TaKoe cooomeme oti> hhgkr «rjiaBearo coBtTa coK>3a pyccsart 
HapoAa»: ^Tas'b KaKT. hst* pasHHX^ ittcrb nerep6yprcK0fii enapxin 
nocTynniH bt» rjiaBHufi coBtTTb 3aHBjieHifl o Toirb, wo MtcTHoe jf- 

*) .PtHb", 30 Hoa<5pfl[ 1907 r. 



HABP0CKH COBPEMEHHOCTH. 105 

xoieHCTBO, He 3Haa oipoineHifi kb coroay pyccKaro napoaa enapxiaab- 
hoS BJiacTH, Bo.^epffiHBaeTca otb yTOcria b*b Heara, npeflc&AaTejii. 
rjaBHaro coB*Ta xoaaTaflcTBOBairB nepe^x BBrcoKonpeocBameBHifinraarB 
AHTOHieM'b, MHTponojiHTOM'B c.-neTep<5yprcKHM r B, o BtracHeHiH eitasaH- 
Haro Bonpoca. BucoKonpeocBameHHtfioiifi BJia^HKa AHTOHift, npasBairB 
6jarociOBeHie Boarie Ha npeactaaTeJiH coroaa A. H. ,Jj6poBHHa, co- 
SjraroBOiiHjrB pasptfflHTB eMy aoBecTH ao CBitfkma CBameHHOcjtyaw- 
Teaefi, ^to co aropoHH MtcTHHrB enapxiajibHBrx'B BjacTefi hmb He 
mokctb 6bttb ihhhmo nrntaKHXt npenaTCTBifi b-b Alwrfc, SaarocJOBen- 
homt> ero BHcoKonpeocBflmeHCTBOM r b» *). «EaapxiajiBHaa BaacrB*, 
onoBimaromaa noA^HHeHHoe efi ayxoBeHCTBO o toitb, *rro «cok>3t» 
pyccicaro Hapofla» nojiyqHJTB orb Hea «6jarocJOBeHie» h ne mosctb 

BCTptTHTB CBefl CTOpOHH «HHKaKHXT» npeilHTCTBifl*, KOHeTOO, OM- 

naen> on> Taitoro onoBimeHia npaKTHqecKHxt pe3yjiBTaTOB'B. H h« 
Tpy^Ho npcucTaBHTb cefit, KaKOBH MoryrB 6htb 9th pesyjiBTara. 

OKasbiBaa TaKHirB o6pa30H r B onpefliuieHHoe flaBjreme Ha Bctx* 
c.BOUYb areHTOBX h BCTynaa b'b caMyro rhcHyio CBH3B cb opraHHsa- 
niaMH THna «coK)3a pyccKaroHapo.ua>>, rocynapcxBeHHaa BjacTB Birfc- 
crt cb Tt^fB ao nocjrfcflHefi cTeneHH ynpocrHJia cboh oTHomeHia itb 
Hacejiemio, c6pocHB'B cb hhxt> bc* npHKpBiBaBmie hxt> paHBme no- 

KPOBH H OTKaaaBIHHCB 0TB BCaKHX'B ydOBHOCTeft. OTKpOBeHHO B3HB*B 

Ha ce6a sa^a^y oxpaHH conjajiBHHX'B HHTepecoBi HH«rro»Haro TOCJieH- 
ho npHBHJierHpoBaHHaro MeHbmHHCTBa npoTHB'B ihhpokhx'b MaccB Ha- 
ceaenia, 0Ha pascMarpHBaerB 3th uocjrfcflHia, KaieB cBoero po^a He- 
npiaTejBCKifi cTaHT>, no oraoineHiio kt> KOTopoMy bo3mokhh h Heo6- 
xojhmh BcaKia Mipsi, jihihb 6h oh* o6e3nerajH no64fly. Bt> co- 
0TB*TCTBiH cb othitb oHa ptfflHTejiBHO noKHHyja npaBOByio noiBy 
h. saropoAHB'B Bet aopora Kb y^oBJieTBopemBD HaH6ojrfce HacymHBirB 
norpefiHOCTei HapoflHBncB Mace*, ocHnaerb 9th nocjrfcflHia cypOBHMH 
penpecciaHH, sairiraaa 6nqH CKopniOHaMH h nepexoaa orb oflHofi 
KpsdfcHefi Mtpu HacHiia kt» apyroft, erne 6o-Tfce KpaiiHeft, b'b pascierb, 
^to TaKHMi> ujreu% efi yiacTca, naKOHen.^. bo^bophtb b-b cTpaH* 
<'ycnoKoeme». 

Ecjh6bi sthm'b nyTeM'B Morjio A*BcTBHTeJiBHO BOjpopHTbca Oojrte 
hie MeHte npouHoe ycnosoeme, oho 6buio 6bi, KOHe^no, ycnoKoenieirB 
MorHJU. Ho BO^BopaeTca jh oho b'b schshh Ha cawoMT> j^&ii? Tt ny6ia- 
i^bcth, KOTopbie oco6eHHo oxotho roBoparB o coBepmaromeftcH bo- 
BLpyri HaCB JIHRBH^aipH peBOJifouiH, iiobhahmomv, coohhh OTB^qaTb 
Ha 3tot*b sonpocB wb yTBep^HTejBHOM'B cMBicjii, noaaraa, ito Tasaa 
jHSBH^aipa HirberB Micro He to jbko bi> ^McTBiax^ BiacTH, ho h fb 
xhshh HaceJiema. Oii,HaK:o wl npuwhmmi\ kt> aTOft nocriAHefi (J>op- 
Myjia, cBOAan^aa co^epscame TeKymaro MOMeHra kt> jiHKBHAai^H peso- 
jiioniH, Hya^aeTca b'b eme 66*bihhx , b orOBopKax^h h .nonojiHemarB. 
H Beo6xoflHMOCTB TaKHxi, Aorro.iHeHift caMa co6oio BucTynnrB nepw^ 

•; IlHTHpyio no „ToBapHiuy*\ 1 ^eica6pH 1907 r. 



10<) B. MaKOTHHT>. 

BcaiufMii, kto .saxoqerL BHHMaTe.ibH'fee BT&axbrbcA wi 2KH3HB Haceae- 

M, H6 flOBOJIbCTByflCb OflHOH) BfffcniHeK) efl CTOpOHOH). 

BypHoe MaccoBoe flBHaceme, KOTopoe ct» xaKOft cmo* npoaBxaiocb 
b* SH3HH HtcKOJibKO BpeMeHH tomj Hasa^i, wb Hacmsmee BpeiLa 
•TcyTCTByert h bt> dTOWb cmhcjA CTpaHa, fffcfiCTBHTeabHO, nepeauiBaerb 
MMceHT-b Kara 6m fffcKOToparo 3aTmnba. .Hpyrofi Bonpocb oflHaKO,— *b- 
iae>Tca jh 9to 3aTHmbe HMeHHO ycnoKoemeirb. Ha btotb Bonpocb 
lento otb4thtb, ecjiH npHnoMHHTb, sto bc4 rjryfioitia npn^HHH, aeaaB- 
inta b*b ochob* HapoAHaro #BH»eHia nocjrfcflHHX'b jrkrb u BU3BaBmk 
ere Ha HCTopHiecKyro cueHy, ocTajmcb ne ycTpaHeHHHMH h, cTaio 6uxk, 
BJuraie htb npoAOJUKaerb cymecTBOBaTb bi> HapoflHOi khshh. Ilo- 
cKOjbity iiaccoBoe flBHseme #fcficTBHTejn>HO saMepjio, sto ciymsocb 
He HOTOMy, qTO Han6oji*e HeoTJioaHue 8aupocbi h HaH6ojrfce Hacym- 
HHg Hyacau mnpoKHXi) MaccB HacejieHifl 6hjih ysoBJieTBopeHH, a m- 
Twiy, *rro MaccH BCTptTHJiH Ha cBoem nyTH cHjiy, o KOTopyro pas- 
(WiHCb hxt> c/rpeiueHifl. Ho flMtcTBie chjh, upHMtaaeMoft m> Hapoj- 
Hiurb Maccasi'B, hirfcerb cboA ecTecTBeHHHft npeAtat h bo bchboml 
cxyiai He nopoawaerb m> hhx'b ycnoKoeHia. CoaaaTb nocjrb#Hee mo- 
th 6m jranib KaKia-HH6yAb oco6hh ycjioBla shshh, cnocofinbia oKa- 
mm* cepbesHoe Bjiiame Ha HapoflHyio ncHXHRy. 

Tfc ycaoBia, KOTopbiH co3AaHH vh HacToamee BpeMa sa6oTaMH BJia- 
oth £ifl pyccRofi SH3HH, HecoMiTBHHO, oica3biBafi3Ti> caMoe cepbe3Hoe 
BiwHie Ha ncHXHKy HapoAHux'b Maccb, ho tojlbko 3to Baiame HeH3- 
itaao HanpaBineTCfl bi> cropoHy, npairfo npoTHBonojioHHyio yciiOKoe- 

BtB. H BT> 9T0MT> OTHOineHiH JKH3HB BO BCHKOMT> cjiyiai ABH»eTGfl 

Bsepej^b. JIk>ah, KOTopwe m> cBoe BpeMa acAajra, qTo BeaHKifi hcto- 

pH<ieCKifi KOH$JIHKT*b pa8p4fflHTCa COBOpmeHHO MHpHOH6e36Oji , B3HeHH0. 

lyTeMtOAHnx^TOJibKo neperoBopoB'b H ? coriianieHiB, jnoAH,KOTopEieHaHBHo 

B*PH1H,1T0 iepHXOHCFUH CTBHHpyXHyT'b npH nepBOM r brpOMKOMliTpy6HOM , b 

3Byrt, BDOJiHt nocjii^OBaTeJibHO Bnaflaiorb Tenepb bl rjiy 6oKoe paso^apo- 
saHie h He BHAflTb B1> ospyacaron^efi hxb 3KH3HH HHqero, spoM* jHitBH^ai^iH 
•CBo6oAHTCJibHaro #BHseHifl. Ho ma rfex'L, kto ciiOTp'Bjrb Ha schshb hhumh 
naaaiiH, kto yphR'h He saKpHBaTb oti ce6a efl cyposofi npaB^H po- 
30iuifH ujiJiiosiflMH, nepesHBaeMHfi MOMeHrb AOJUBeH'b HM^Tb coBcbafb 
Apyroe 3HaqeHie. BesyMHO acecTOKH h cBHptnM ohjh yposa, ^aHHwe 
Havb «H3HbH) bt> nocjii^Hie ro^bi, ho n r b cnjiy caMofi cfioeg secTo- 
kocth din yposH He moiuih npofixH 6gzcji%hbo BT» HapOAHOlTb COSHaHiH. 
|,Ba ro^a TOHy Ha3aA*b Hapo#HHH Maccu, ysse BDiHyBiiimcii bt> o&e- 
•TOieHHyH) 6opb6y 3a cboh npasa, 6ujih o^HaKO eme oqeHb oorarw 

jMSHarO pO^a HJIJIlD3lflMH Ha C^ieTb TOfi 06CTaH0BKH, B'b KOTOpofi £OJl- 

ana 6bua hpohcxoahtb ara 6opb6a. Ob toU nopbi «H3Hb HeyciaHHO 
paackHBaerb Tasifl HjuinsiH h npoAOJiacaerb paactHBaTb hxt> h bt> 
HacToamee BpeMfl. ()Ha HarjisAHo noKa3ajia MaccaMT>, ^to aHa^arb 
wtnpaBHoe Hapo^Hoe npeACTaBHTejbCTBo. OHa He ifeH^e HariHAHo 
Hoca8HBaerb Tenepb, tto Tasoe aBjiaerb mi> ce6# oaccoBoe npe^- 

CTMWITeJIbCTBO. BMtCT* C*b TtlTb OnblTb »H3HH BCKpHBaOTb Hepefl'b 



HABKXiRH C0BM5MEHH0CTII. 107 

Macc^MM HdHHHyK) i$Hy h flpynixt, cymecTBOBaBiUHXii h npoHHO aep- 
iRamnxaa. vb hxt> cpefli HjuKraifi, cBjmHHbix r b ct> rocyaapcTBeHHoB 
Bjacn>K), h, 6htb MoaeTL, HHicoiyja eme 9Ta paspyniHTejrbHaa pafiora 
khbhh He GOBepmaJiacb ct> TaKoro chjiok), RaRT> Bt HacToamitf MOMeHfb, 
HMeHyeMufi MOMeHTOM'b ycnoKoemfl. B'b caMOMt jijhjrh, no Mipi Toro, 
jtaRi* BjaiacTB ynpomaerb cboh OTHomeHia kb HacejiemBD, bt> coBHaHia 
HocjrkAHjarro HeH36t3KHO B03HHRaerb aHajioraiHuS npoijeccb, B'b pesyjib- 
raTk ROToparo ajih MHornxi* hbt> npeacHHXT, HjfjHDBifl He aojiwho y«e 
tcTa»ca MiiCTa. Kor#a BjiacTb ORasbiBaeTca otkphto CBasaHHOft bt» 
c^epi nojiHTH^ecKHXi* BonpocoBTb ci> «cok)30M'B | pyccicaro Hapo#a», a 

B'b OfiiaCTH CODiiaJIbHHX'B OTHOHieHifl — C'b HOMtllUIKaMH, MHOriH H3T» Tpa- 

AHUioHHUXx npeACTaBJieHifi no HeofixoflHMocTH aoji»hm iicqesHyrb. Bt 
bhjj tfroro npnxoflHTCfl, noaajiyfi, npH3HaTb, <ito b'b HapoflHOirb cosna- 
HiH nepeacHBaeMHfi momohtl OBHaMeHOBaFb JiHKBHuaijiefl ho ocboCokh- 
Teju>Haro ^BHaeniH, a Tteb ujuuom&, KaKia 6ktjih coe#HHeHH b*b yiiax r b 
Macci> co ctapHin* peaHMOirb. Ho kto Tepaerb hjuudsijo, totb BUHrpw- 
Baerb HCTHHy, npioCptTaa npaBHJibHoe noHHiiame BemeiL A npaBMb- 
Hoe HOHHMaHie — BejHKaa CHJia bt> o6mecTBeHHoft 6opb6t. sorna oho 

flHJUOTCA AOCTOHHieM'b Maccb. 

Ob 3to8 to^kh 3piHia cairaH saROH^eHHOCTb peaKUJH Bt HacToa- 
my» MHHyiy. Hirberb csoe 3Haqeme. Ecjih orJiaHyTbca Ha bocb nyTb, 
HpolxeHHuS uaMH sa noafliflkie jjBa ro.ua h npHBeflinift Hacb Kt TOMy, 
it* Tenepb arodarb HaaHBaTb <spaB6HTHM r ^KopHT0M , b», HeBOJibHO bcho- 
MHHaDTCA cjiosa, HaiiHcaHHHH H*Korfla repn,eHOMi> B'b apyroft 06- 
cTaBOBst h no noBOny hhhxt> cofibrrift, ho yAHBHTesbHO noflxo#amia 
wh HameMV BpeMeHH h kt> nepexHBaeMMifB eqmvl co6wri&wb. «Pyx- 
Hyjrt, HaKOHei^'b, — nncajrb repueHi, bt> 1851 r. — aiorb arip'b, npa- 
spawtifi, Apaxjiufi, nepesHBniifi caiioro ce6a, Mipi> pacna#a*>- 
milca, AByHa^ajibHHfi, HeoTKpoBeHHtia, ^oniejiuiifi #o jisrh h cMt>- 
\n*mn Bc/fexT> noHATifi, KaR'b Bee, BiiaHBaion^ee mi> yMa, ocTaHOBHB- 
niificji Ha HeB03Mo»Hbixr> coqeTaHiaxx, Ha HecoBM'bcTHMX'b nepeMH- 
pifl», Ha caafioAyiHHHX'B ycTynRaxi.. Bee, ito oH'b xbniuub, npH^y- 

MUBaJI^, BNCTpOH.Tb H3T» lipOHieAHiarO H BHSijIHJI'b HOBOfl RpacKOfi, BC* 

npoH3BeA©HiH ero dapqecKaro pefiaqecTBa, — Bee paacHnajiocb, &arb 
KapTO^Hiifi aomi. IlpoTHBHbiH cyMepRH nponajiH. Htrb Combine jspy- 

CMUCJteHHblX^ HPflOrOBOpOKT,, HOJD^ep«HBaBHIHXl> HyCTbTfl HHAe^ABI Cl> 

•Siaxt CTopoH r b. TeMHaa hohb, KOTopyio awajH, Hai5Tajia,— mm hia- 
rom> 6jiH»e kl yrpy». H w& HaciE», nepeaHBmax'b «npoTHBHbia cy- 
MepRH», HacTynMa «TeMnaa ho%». Ho bo Mpast hoto mo»ho awTb 
yrpa, — tojibro Haao noMHHTb, «ito bt> qejiOB'fenecRoft shshh yTpo h 

A0BB COSflaiOTCfl leJOBt^eCKHMH yCHJliHMH. 

B. Mhhotnhb. 



108 a. nftmEXOHOfii*. 



XpOHHKa BHyTpeHHefi 5KH3HH. 

Bi 9tu<>6*eHH0M% cmpon. I. HoBtie bhah.— II. HoBwe 3ByKH.— III. JIoBue njiama.— 
[TV. HoBUfl ochobh.—V. Hobbih nepcneKTHBu.— PeBOJiroitfa KOHinjiacb... 

KaK'B H8B'bCTH0, MH SHBeM'B BT> «OfiHOBJieHHOM f b rOCyflapCTBeHHGITL 

CTpot». OcTaeTca numb ^yuptnHTb* ero. 9to OAHa H3i> raaBHHyB 3a- 
j&vb, npeAHaiepTaHHUX'L pjui TpeTbefi .Bjmh. BunojiHeHie bo3jio»*h- 
not Ha Hee mhccIh nocjrfcAHHfl HaqHerb, noBHAHMOMy, cb Toro, <yro 
TTBepAHTB rocyAapcTBeHHyto pocimcb. 

TocyAapcTBeHHyK) pocimcb «o6HOBJieHHOft» PocciH... Bro^mcer* — 
no e6pa3HOMy BupaaeHiK) oahoix> Est ^pamjyscKHX'b cTaTHCTHKOBi — 

HO KJWOTB, KOTOpHM'B'MOJKHO OTIiepeTB BC4 flBepH A0Ma H 3arjflHJTb 

*axe bt> cBSTaa cbhtbix'b sHBymefi b*b hoitb ceMbH. Bocnojit3yeM€H 

2B6 3TH1TB KJIOTOM'B, qTOfiil BOftTH H OCMOTptTB «06H0BJieHHHfi» MfiWb 

pyccKofi rocy^apcTBeHHOCTH. He aajjaBaacb irfcjibK) 3arjiHHyTb bo bc* 
ero 'TafiHHKH, nosHaROMHMca Ha aTorb pas'b xoth 6bi cb ofimei ero 

IMaHHpOBKOtt... 

I. 

♦ TIopJIAKa... H'BT'B, KaK'B H*BTI>:»... 
llpH BXOA* MU BCTp'fciaeM'B A**CTBHTeJIbHO H*TTO HOBOC PoCDMCb 

rocyaapcTBeHHHX'B aoxoaobi h pacxoAOBii Ha 1907 rotfb, no cj^ier) 
pocnycRa ^bjxt> rocyAapcTBeHHBix'B ftyirB, ocTaaacb, KaK'b hsb^ctho, 
BeyTBepffineHHOio. U,tjii>rfi ro^ npaBineJiBCTBO khao BpeMeHHUMH xpe- 
^HTaMH, Kasie oho oTiiycKajo 0661 «b*b nopa^Kt 116 ct. ochobhuxi. 
aaKOHOB'b^. Ob 1862 roAa, Kor^a BnepBHe 6hjio ycTaHOBJieHo o6aa- 
poAOBame rocyAapcTBeHHBix'B pocnncefi, Taitoro cjiyqaji eme He 6hjk>. 
He 6bljo ero, Hy»Ho AyMaTB, h paHbme, Kor^a firo^aerb pocciffcaar* 
roeyaapcTBa cocraBJiajrB rocyAapcTBerayK) TaflHy, KorAa... «eb $HHaH- 
eoBbiirb AtjiaM'b AonycKaJiHCB tojibko A**cTBHTe.3BHBie TaftHBie eofifc- 

HHKH>. 

«B , b HOBHSHaxij — HMcajiH KorAa-TO cTapoo6pHAUw — HaMi CTapMa 
cjnamHTca». CjiMfflHTca OHa, noaaayft, h wb btoh hobhsh*. Bt> apo 
hmoitb, HecoMH^HHo, obijh speiieHa, Ror^a HHKaKHXB cirbrb cBomn. 
AOxoxaM'b h pacxo^aMT, pyccKie npaBHTani aapafffce ne tojibko He 
yrBepKgajiH, ho h He cocTaBJuoH. Cohjjuocb xotji 6u Ha $HHaHC0By» 
trocTeiiy RHAsa Mropa. GyAH.no .atTonncH, bt> Hed He 6hjo HHsaaoro 
^opjBARa, a Ofcua .ihiub oAHa HeHacuTHaa asaAHOCTb... 

,Un rbxi> A^BHHX'b BpeMem wb 9tomt> He 6ujo, KOHeqHO, HR<iero 
yjivBHTeJibHaro. CjiHmROirb HeaaAOJiro nepeA7> Thwb 

CMeKHyjiH Hanra npe^RH: 
IIopHAKy-Ae. BHnife, h*tb... 



XPOHHKA BHyTP£HHKfi KU3HH. 109 

PyccKafl rocyaapcTBeHHOCTb, mohho caasaTb, tojibko qTo Haqiraa- 

jaofc... 

M boti. npninjiH TpH ipaxa, 
BapurH cpe^Hext ji-BTt, 
rjuiAflrb: seMJia 6orara, 

IIopaAKa— BOBCe H*BTT>... 



IIOTON'b KHflaCHJl-B KHJJBb Hrqpb... 



CjHHHKOM'b MaJIO OblJO BpeMeHH, qT06bl BO BCeifb JiOABOpUTB H*~ 

pajoira*... He to renepb. Tbicaqa jrfrrb, cyAfl no pocciBcKOMy cBOjy, 
nposHTa He HanpacHo: nopaAOK-b BOABopeH'b, — «HMnepia poccificKat 
ynpaBjaeTCfl Ha TBepjiuxi> ocHOBaHiax'b BaK0H0B?>...» Eojih mu Aa«e 

AOHyCTHM'b, TTO OfOAHCeTHaa HOBHSHa, CB KOTOpOfi MH BCTp'feTHJIHCi, 
AtSCTBHTeJibHO HaUOMHHaeTl> $MHaHCOByH) CTapHHy, KOTOpofl Mbl 
BCaWHBJtU, TO H 3a BCtM'L T^Ml Me»Ay HHMH, HeCOMHtHHO, AOJIiKHa 

6wi* pa3HHua. Hropb KHflacujrb He tojilko 6e3T> cMtrb, ho h 6e3i> 
ciriwmixTb aaKOHOBt; HbininiHee ace npaBHTejiLCTBO, KOHeqHO, npasarb, 
xora h 6e3i» ysaKOHeHHofi cm*™, ho no 3aK0Hy... 

Mhmoxoaomt* mm 8to yse bhaImh. BpeMeHHbie KpeftHTu, itaifb a 
omtTHJi'L, oho paspiniajio ce6t «bt> nopflAfci 116 ct. oohobhuxx 3a- 
kohobt,*. «Ecjih rocyAapcTBeHHaa pocnucb — roBopHTca Bb aTOft 
ordTbt— He oyAerb jTBepsAeHa Kb Haqaay CMtraaro nepioAa, to 
ocTaeTcs Bt CHJit nocji*AHflH, ycTaHOBjieHHKiM'b nopflAKOM'b yTBepacAen- 
Haa, pocnMCb, cb rfcMii jinnib HSM^HeHiaMH, team o6yciOBJiHBaK)TGH 
HcnojBHeHieM'b nocjiiAOBaBuiHX^ hocji* en yTBepacAeHia yaaKOHemJi. 
BnpeAB AO o6HapoAOBaHia hoboU pocnHCH, no nocTaHOBJieHiflM'b costaa 
MHHHCTpoBT>, bi pacnopaaceHie MHHHCTepcTB'b h rjiaBHbix'b ynpaBJiemfi, 
OTxpHBaioTCfl nocTeneHHO KpeAHTbi bt> paaii'fepax'b A*ficTBHTejibHofl n#- 
tp©6hocth, He npeBbimaiomie, oAHaKO, bt> Mfccairb, bo Bcefi hxt* cg- 
BOKynHOCTH, oAHofi ABiHaAitaTofi qacTH o6maro no pocnHCH HTora pac- 
xoaobi»>. TaK'b HMeHHo npaBHTejibCTBO h nocTynaJio... Ilo KpafiHeM 
M%pt, oho aapaHie — yace 1 aBBapa— o6i>flBHJio, qTo, ocTaBmacb Ha 
1907 roA'B 6e3i> yTBepacAeHHofi pocnHCH, oho 6yAerb A*ficTBOBaTb «Ha 
ToiHoirb ocHOBaHiH 03HaqeHH0fi cTaTbH*. Tenepb, KorAa roA'b OjwaHTca 

K% KOBI^y, Mbl MOHCeMT, HOABeCTH HTOFH H, TaKHMT. oSpasoii'b, HarJIJiAHO 

ydfcAHTbca, qTo $HHaHCOBbia A^aa rocyAapcTBa Bejiacb Bee Bpena b* 
aajteHHojH) nopsAK*. 

Caaqajia, OAHaKO, HyKHO cKaaaTb HtcKOJibKo cjiobt> o caMoarb aa- 
k«h4. KorAa npamjiocb npHMtHHTb ero, to bt» HeMi> OKasajiacb Ma- 
jeBtKan HeacHocTb. BpeMeHHbie xpeAHTu Ha RaacAbifi Mtcan,^ aojikbu 
tT«ycKaTbca, KaK^ mii TOJibKO ^to bha^Jih, bt> pa3Mipaxx, He npe- 
BMinaiontHX'b oahoS AB^HaAuaTofi qacTH cofimaro no poenncH HTora 
pftexoAOBT)*. CnparanBaeTCH OAHaKo: KaKHX^ pacxoAOBii? — o6biKHOBeH- 

fMTb JIH TOJibKO HJIH BM^CTt C f b qpe3BbiqaflHbIMH? EcjIH HM*Tb B* 
BMf «HCTHHHblfi pa3JM^» 3aK0Ba, TO TOJIKOBaTb TlOGS^^m^ CJltAyCTl, 

KdHeqHo, bt, tomt> cMbicjit, qTO ocHOBameM'b npH HcqHCJieHiH BpeMea- 



II U A. HfclUfcXOHoB'h. 

WHX'b Jttpe^HTOB'L flOJMKHH CByjKHTb 06HKHOBeHHU6 paCXOflbl, TaiMb WIK7, 
TOJbKO 9TH paCXO^M MOJKHO OTHOCHTb Kb qHCJiy... 06bTKHOBeHKim», 

»3i> ro&a bi ro#b noBToparonmxca. ^to aacaeTca qpe3BbratHEn> 
pacxo^OBt, to, no caMOMy xapaaTepy HX'b, o#HH'b toa'b He Moser* m» 
stoii'b cjiyqat cjiyaKHTb npHMtpoMt AJEir Apyroro: y Kaaynaro H8% mxi. 
Moryrt 6htb cboh ocofibia HpesBbiqafiHbia noTpe6HoeTH. 

Taitia uoTpe6HOCTn Moryrb, KOHerao, BCTpiTHTbca h b*b tomi way, 
KOTopHfi ocTajrca Cea^ yTBepacaeHHoft cnenjajbHo ajeh Hero pocuhch. 
Ho 9to He BHaHurb, ^to npaBHTejibCTBo, EOTopoe npa paspimeHiM 

BpeMeHHUXT. KpeJUHTOBt CTaJIO 6H pyBOBOIHTbCfl HTOrOMt 06HKH©BeH- 

Bhix'h tojii>ko pacxoAOBT), OKa3ajioci> 6u vb desBHXOAHOifb nojoaseBiH. 
HenpeAycMOTptHHuxt pocnHCbro HeoTjKO«Hbixi> pacxoAaxB wbi 
6ioff«eTHHfl npaBHJia roBoparb oco6o h aaiOT'b Ha 9Torb cjryiai eo- 

BtTy MHHHCTpOBl 6001*6, ibwb flOCTaTOIHHH, nOJHOMOHifl. TauiM*b 

ofipasoifb noKpbifiaTb qpesBU^aSHue pacxoflbi BpeiieHHUMH EpejHTaiiH, 
ornycKaeMMMH bt> nopa^E* 116 ct. ochobhhx'b aaROHOBi, wbrb *a*e 

Ha^06H0CTH. 

Ho ecjni HMtib bt> BH^y He «pa3yMT>», a «6yKBy» aasoHa. t* 
TOJiKOBaHie fiyaerb, rohciho, hhoo: pasnb Bt 116 ct. roBopnTca «(& 
«o6meifb HTorb», to, cTajio 6biTb, h Hyarao B3HTb o6myK) cymiy pa 
cxoAOBTb — o6HKHOBeHHHx r b h qpe3BHqafiHHX , b, — Easie TOJibKO 3HaiaTea 
B-b yTBepw^HHofi pocnHCH. 

<Ilocji*^HeK),ycTaHOBjieHHHM , b Hopa^KOMT* yTBepa^eHHOH),pocnHCfc»» 
aBHJiacb B'b AaHHOMi) cjiyqat pdcnncb 1906 rojia. IIo neM npejwjo- 
koho 6hjio pacxo^OB*b: 

oOKLKHOBeHHKLX*b 2.018.076.650 py6. 

Hpe3BMHaftHbix-b 492.896.225 „ 



HToro . 2.510.972.776 py5. 

IpoMa^Haa j^H^pa qpe3BbiqafiHHX'b pacxoAOB'b bt> diowb ro*y *(n>- 
acHaeTca rhwb, *rro pyccRo-anoHCEaa BOflHa TOJibKO qTO OEOHimiaeb 
k Ha pacxoAu, CBiiaaHHue vh 9toS BofiHOfi h ea nocjrfcflCTBiaMH, m> 
cirfcTy 6hjio BHeceHo 6oirfee 400 mhjl py6. Baaroaapa 9T0My, «MaieHb- 
Kaa>, East a ee HasBajrb, HeacHOCTb bt> saaoHt OKasajiacb paBHofi 
B'b fl.aHHOM'b cjiy^at hohth nojiyMHJiJiiapAy. B'b 3aBHCHM0CTH orb wo 
hjh HHoro TOJKOBaHia saKOHa, a, CTajio Shtb, h orb toS n;e$pH, ko- 
Topaa 6HJia 6h npHHaxa 3a ocHOBame ^ja pascqeTOBT*, BpeMenmue 
Rpe^HTH mooh 6htb HcracjeHbi TaRHMi ogpasoMX 6ojibine hjih neHbrae. 
Ho pasc^exy Ha oahht> Mtcan.'b axo aojmkho 6hjio j&Tb pa3HHDty B*b 
41 mhji. py6. EflBa jih Hy»HO ^aase roBopHTb, *ito npaBHTeabCTBO 
npeAnoqjio B3aTb to ocHOBame, KOTopoe niHpe,~He pasyMT. saKOHa, a 
ero 6yKBy. 

B'b ynoiiaHyTOM'b yace npaBHTeJibCTBeHHOM'b coo6meHia, noa»HB- 
meMca 1 aHBapa, 6hjio o6i>aBJieHO, ^to «Ha ToqHOM'b ocHOBanui^ 

116 CT. OCHOBHHX'b 3aKOHOB'b COB^TTb MHHHCTpOB^ B'b Ka^eCTB* «©6- 



XPOHHKA JiHYTPEHHEfi WHHHH. 1 1 1 

maro HTora» bumi ip<|)py 2.510.972.775 py6. «CoraacHo TOHHeMy 
YKa8aHiJD» xofi se cTaTbH ohs* z&rbwb btj n;H<|>py H3M*HHjrb, a HueHm, 
Ha ocHOBamn «nocjrfjflOBaBinHX , b nocjt yTBepacAema pocnucH ysaso- 
RQHi8» HCoroqHJTB H3T. ea «o6maro HTora» 3.538.447 py6. h npn6a- 
BHJB Kb HeMy 64.467.992 py6. *). Bt> peayjibTart «o6mifi HT0Fb» 
h.ih, Kara owb Ha3HBaeTca BTb npaBHiejibCTBeHHOM'b coofimeHiH, «pa3- 
Mtpi> ochobhoA roAOBofi cyMMM jinn HcqncjieHifl BpeMeHHMXT) ttpe/iH- 
tob'b» onpe^jiHJCji bt> 2.571.902.320 py6., a ^cMicaraaa HopMa* «b 
otcasaiacb paBHOfi 214.325.193 py6. OnpeAi.iiHB'b 9Ty HopMy, cob4tb 
MHHHCTpOB'B Tor.ua ace yTBepAHj^ BpeMeHHue KpeflHTti cpasy Ha tpm 
M-fccaija B*b cyMM* 642.975.579 py6. **), t. e. bte» MaKCHMajibHOWi 
Hx*h paairfept. 

Boofime wb Teqeflie nepBbix'b naTH MtcaijeBb 1907 ro.ua, t. e. 
j,o pocnycKa BTopofl rocyaapcTBeHHofi flyuu BpeMeHHHe KpeflHTti pas- 

ptinaiHCb COB^TOMT. MHHHCTpOB'B B'B BblCIHHX'b HX'b paBMtpaX'B; 3a- 

rfcite, HaiHHaa orb mux, BpeMeHHHe Kpe^HTbi Ha T iMHaBorL paspiniaTbca 
B'B 3aMiTH0 MeHbnrax'b cyMMax'b; MeHbiue Bcero 6buio OTnymeeo 
46Herb Ha HOaSpb h aeKa6pb (195.480.770 h 191.373.204 py6.). Bt- 

pOaTHO, TaKOBM 6bIJIH cfl'MCTBHTeJIbHHfl HOTpefiHOCTH*, KOTOpblMH, CO- 

rjiacHO 3aK0Hy, AOJacetfb fiburb pyKOBOflHTbca coBirb MHHHCTpOB'B npi 
oTnycK* BpeMeHHbix'b KpeAHTOB^. Bo3mo*ho h to, *rro, nosa fcyflb6a 
BTopofi fljuu OKOHqarejibHo He onpe^kjuuiacb, npaBHTeabCTBo Ha Bca- 

*) Bi> TOMt hhcji*: Ha yujiaTy npoijeHTOB-L no hobmmt> 3auMaMi>— 
44,o93.811 py6., Ha rpa^OHanaJibHHKOB'b, hojihojio h KopnycB acaH^apMOBB — 
6.621.112 py6., B'B noco6ie Kp. BaHKy h Ha seMJieycTpoficTBO— 5.700.000 py6.. 
Ha bohcko h norpaHHHHyro CTpa»y—5. 180.552 py<5., Ha Toe. Cob'bt'b h Toe- 
rlyMy— 1.024.126 py6. h Ha .npyrie pacxoABi—1.648.391 py6. KpaflHe xapaic- 
TepHO, ito opn HcnpaBJiemH „o(5maro HTora" t1j yaaKOHeirifl h yicasBi, koto- 
pbiMH paap-femeHbi 6hjih ipeaBbiiafiHBie pacxoabi, wb tomt> ^hcjtb h oahh- 
cTBeHHbifi 3aK0HT,, QOJiyHHBiniH CHJiy ct> OAoopema nepBofi rocy^apcTBeHHOil 
JyMH, a HMeHHO zaxowb o6i» OTnycK* 16 mhji. py6. Ha roJioflaiomHX'L, cob*- 

BtTOMt MHHHCTpOB'B, HOBHAHMOMy, BOBCe He 6bIJIH npHH#TBI B'B pa3CHeT1>. 

KaAO caaaaTB, hto HpeaBbnafiHHX'B pacxo^oBi*, iiocji* yTBepac^emH pocnHca 
Ha 1906 r., 6bijio paapluneHO bt> btom'b ro,ny 600,6 mhji. py6. (KaK*B 6uxo 
^paaptnieHo",— a tobophtb ho 6y^y; jj,jlr mohh BawHo bi> ^aHHOM'B cjiyia* 
otm*thtb, hto Bcero sa chott* pocnHCH 3Toro ro^a 6uxo oTnymeHo Ha qpea- 
BHHaflHLie pacxo^bi— 1.088,3 mhjt. py6.). Bt> pe3yjibTaT* nojiy^HJiacB aBBaa 
Hecoo6pa3H^a: npn HCHHCJieHin BpeMeHnHXTb KpeflHTOBT> Ha 1907 ro^i* o^Ha 
noJiOBHHa Hpe3BHHaHHbixi> pacxoAOB-fc 1906 ro^a npHHHMajiacb bi> pascnerB, 
^pyraa — h^tb. Cji'feAOBaHie w 6yKB*' sanoHa npHBeno TaKHMi* o6pa30M*B kt> 
OTpHuaniio BCHKaro ,pa3yMa M bi> HeMi>. 

**) Bepy 3Ty iXH$py h3T> coo^meHia MHHHCTpa $HHaHC0Bi>, noaBHBmaroca 

1 HHBapfl. B'B 06^flCHHTeJIBH0H BaHHCKt TOrO ace MHHHCTpa, npHJlOMCeHHOH K*L 

npoeKTy rocy^apcTBeHHofl poennen na 1903 ro^-B, cyM.va BpeMeHHBix'B Kpe- 
,3. h to B'B, pa3p-BineHauxT> cob'btom'b MHHHCTpOB'B Ha nepBBie Tpn WhCStUfii 
1907 rofla, yKa3aHa HHaa, a HMeHHO Ha 422.791 py6. MeHBme. FlpH rbx% 
KpynHbixt njn$pax'b, kotop&imh npHxo^HTca onepHpoBaTB pyccKOMy MHHHCTpy 
^HHancoB-B, 3Ta pa3HH^a npeACTaBJiaeTCH, kohchho, nycTamHoft. K*b TOMy »e 
r. KoKOBi^eB'B, KaKi mbi 6yflpwb hmIitb cjiy^aft yBHA'feTB, Boo6me He roHwrca 

3a TOHHOCTBK) B'B CBOHX'B C006uxeHiaX'B. - 



1 



112 A. UfeHIBXOHOBl>. 

Kit ciyqafi ciHTajio 3a .lyqmee HcnojiL30BaTi> cboh npaBa nojreocT&ia. 
Moxho nonycTHTL, HanoHeiTB, h eme oaho o6i>flCHeHie: no HCTeidHki 
mth MtcajaeB'L coBin. mhhhctpob'b mopl yOiflHTbca, ^to ecjiH a 
jajbme pacxo^OBaTb j&EbTii uo BbmHCJieHHOfi hmt> «Hopirfc», to hx% 
n kohi$ rojja npocTo-Ha-npocTo He xBararb, — rkm> 6oirfje, hto bo&- 
uoshoctl CKOJibKO-HHoy^b 3oaMHTejibHaro 3aflMa oe.TL AyMbi npeACTai- 
*uacj» npoojieMaTH^Hofi. 

Kara 6h to hh 6ujio, Ha^o cKaaaTb, hto Ma»cHMaJiH3M'b, npoa*- 
leHHuft npaBHTejibCTBOifL, Kara. npH onpefltjieHiH «Mica'mofi hopmh*, 
Taicb k npH pa3pimeHiH BpeMeHHtix'b Kpe^HTOBT> bt> Ha^ajrfc roja, 
caM'b no ce64 He npeACTaBJueun ^ero-jtH6o yrpoacaiomaro #jia Hapoj- 
rax'b peccypcoB'b. HpaBfla, oh-l HtcKOJibKO HanoMHHaji'b ocHOBHoe 
gbo4ctbo ApeBHe-pyccKOfi $HHaHcoBofi CHCTeMH, ho bi> Hame Bpeiw 
jaae acaAHOCTb— ecjra 611 3to 6buia 0Ha — HMiert cboh y3aKoneHHHe 
ipe^tjoi. Kara a yace yuoMaHyjrb, saitOHT. Tpe6yerb, ito6h aeHbra 
pacxoAOBaaHCb «m> pasMtpax^ fltficTHHTejibHofi noTpe6HOCTH». I\aaB- 
Hoe xe, b'l tomi> ace caMOBTb 3aKOHi HMteTca h Jjpyraa, em,e 6oj&e 
eepbesHafl, rapaffria. HanoMHio 116 ct., Kara OHa qnTaeTca bt> aa- 
*ajffe: «ecjni rocyaapcTBeHHaa pocnHCb He Syaerb yTBepac^ena kt> Ha- 
qaay CMtTHaro nepio^a, to ocTaeTca bt» cHjrfc nocii'fcflHHa, ycTaHOB- 
leHHMM'b nop^AKOMTi yTBepacA^HHafl pocnncb»... TaKHM^ o6pa3oan> 
Katie 6h ce&fe BpeMeHHue KpeflHra Ha KaaeAHft Micaij'b npaBHTejb- 
ctbo hh OTnycKajio, pacxo^oBaTb fleHbni oho motjio tojebko Ha rb »- 
Tpe6HOCTH h bt> rfcx'b npejvfcjiax'b, KaKie npeflycM0 r rp'feHbi pocnacbB) 
1006 rofla, — «c^ rfcMH jramb HSMiHemaMH, KaKia oSycsoBJiHBaiOTca 
HcnojiHeHieM'b nocjrfc.noBaBHiHX'b nocjrfe ea yTBepac/jeHia y3aKOHeniM». 
ToMy ace, *ito npaBHTejibCTBO He cTaHerb btophiho pacxo^OBaTb fleHbra 
Ha KHKBH^aniio, HanpHMipTj, pyccKO-anoHCKOfi bojBhh, no cKOJibKy t*- 
KOBaa jmKBHAan^fl 6HJia coBepmeHa yace m> 1906 roay, mosho. ko- 
nerao, 6hjio h 6e3i> ocoGhxt. rapaHTifi BtpHTb. Bt* stom'b ciij^a* 
Baojifli AOCTaToqno ^aace Heonpe^ijieHHQfi cchjikh, coAepacamefica B*b 
3aK0Bt, na ^McTBHTejibHbja noTpe6HocTH»... 

06maa cyMMa KpeAHTOBi,, Kanie pasptmnjio ce6* bte> 1907 ro^ 
■paBHTejibCTBO, Teuepb yace H3B*cTHa — cooTBiTCTByronjifl n,H$pH npH- 
leaeHH Ha 11 cTp. oSiKHCHHTeJibHOfi 3anHCKH K'b npoeKTy pocnncH 
• 1a 1908 ro.n.'b. 3th i^0$pbr, KaKt a yate OTM*THJi r b Bt oahomi> hs^ 
■oflCTpo<raHX'L npHMtqaHift, HtcKOJibKO pacxoAHTca cl apyniMH ny6- 
JHKai^iflMH MMHHCTepcTBa ^HuaHcoBt. KpoMt ^oro, no ra3eTHiiM , b e»fa- 
AiHiflMT), nocjii BHecema ynoiiaHyTofl 3aaHCKH bt, rocynapcTBeHHy» 
^yiiiy, coBiTOMTb MUHHCTpoBt 6luih pa3ptmeHH K'b OTnycKy en^e b4- 

KOTOpHfl CyMMbT. Ho A^JJ HaCT* Bl> J&RUOWb CJiy^at 3T0 He BaffiHi. 

Hacb HHTepecyeT'b He o6majj cyMMa, Kaayio b3hjio ceCt Ha pacxojbi 
npaBHTejibCTBO, — 3Ta cyMMa, noBH^HMOMy, onpejitjiajacb, rjiaBHiun 
#6pa30M , b, KaccoBOH) HaJiHqHOCTbio, — a tot'b' ^nopaAOifb*, bi» KaKoafB 
jnfb OTnycnajiHCb h pacxo^OBajiHCb A^HbrH. C*b 3Tofi toju»ko TO*»a 



XPOHUKA BaYTPBHEEft SH3HH* 118 

sp^ma Mil a nocMOTpHMX Ha morn ero $HHaHC0BHXi» oaepai^ft bb 
1907 rony. 

Ho CB^iHiflMt, coaepraaniHMca bt> «o6'BHCHHTejiBHoft aanacitfu, 
npaBHTejibCTBOiJ'L paapimeHO k% OTnycicy Ha HBifffcinHifi ro^: 

Ha o6biKHOBeHHBie pacxoflbi 2.173.400.894 py6. 

„ HpeaBHHaflHue . 324.585.915 „ 

Htoto" . . 2 497.986.809 py6. 
ConOCTaBHBT>3TOTT>HTOrBC'LT4M r b4(06niHM'BHTOrOM^» (2.571.902.320 

pyd.), KaKoft 6ujn» onpe.K'BjieH'b cob'btom'b mhhhctpob'b ajh Hcqacjema 

BpeMeHHHX'L Kpe^HTOBli, MHHHCTpii (ftllHaHCOBt KOHCTaTHpyeTB B'B CBO- 

eft aanncKt pa3Hnny Meacay hhmh bt» 73.915.511 py6. JIcho, ^to 
npaBHTejiLCTBO OTnyfcTHJo ceoi Ha pacxoflbi MeHbmyio cyifMy, i^mb 
Kaayio oho c^HTajio ce6a BnpaBi. CKOJibKO rjrb 6wio «3K0H0MiH» h 
crojijiKO KaccoBofi «HexBaTKH», K'dKi> a yace CKaaaJI'B, MF.I He BHaOMX, 
#a bto juia Hact h He bsijkho. (karay tojibko, hto ecan bto 6buia 

«9K0H0Mia», TO Ha OflHOfi MKBHjjaijiH pyCCKO-HIIOHCKOfi BOflHbl, Ka3a- 

jiocb 6u, mojkho 6lmo cbskohomhtb fiojibme. BnpoqeM'b, H Ha TOMt 
cnacH6o... 

]Iaci> bo bcjckom-b cayqa-fc HHTepecyeTB cefitaac*B apyroe. Ecih mn 

CpaBHHM'B TOJIBKO *ITO npHBefleHHBIH IJH$pbI Cb HTOraMH «nOCJTfc,fl[Heft 

yTBepacAenHOfl pocnncn», t. e. pocnncn 1906 r., KaKOBBie HTorn 6hjiii npn- 
Be^eHH BHine, to oKaraeTca, *rro npaBHieJibCTBo OTnycTHJio bi 1907 r. 

Ha o(5HKHOBeHHue pacxo^u 6oJibme Ha . . . 155.324.344 pyo\ 
, ipe3BU4aflHUe „ MeHbine .... 168.310.310 „ 

niwh sHa^HJiocB no pocnncn 1906 ro#a. Ecjih mh B'B htofb oShkho- 
BeHHux'B pacxoAOBT* no aToft «nocjrkflHeft» pocnncn BHeceMi. rfc muk~ 
Hema, KaKia BHecB b*b cboc BpeMa coBirB mhhhctpobb, t. e. ncoio- 
ihitb H3i> Hero 3.548.447 py6. h npn6aBHM , B 64.467.992 py6., to h 
noorfc Toro OKaaeTca, ito Ha oSHKHOBeHHHe pacxoflbi B'B 1907 rosy 
npaBHTejibCTBOMX OTnymeHo (2.173.400.894 py6.) 6ojiBme, qiarB 6blio 
yTBepac;i,eHO no pocnncn 1906 r. co bc%mh nocjrfcaoBaBnraMH noc.it 
eayTBep»AeHiay3aK0HeHiaMH (2.018.076.550—3.538.447+64.467.992 
=2.079.006.097 py6.) Ha 94.394.797 py6. Bm4cto 6oj4e, vkwb co- 
MHHTeJBHofi aKOHOMin Boofinje no 6K),HJKeTy, mh HM-hearB TaKnarB o6pa- 
30irB, necoMHiHHKifi nepepacxofl'B no oTjvfcjiy o6biKHOBeHH£JX'B pac- 

XOflOB'B. 

Ha^o CKa3aTB, ^to aaKOHB He flaerb npaBa MHHHCTepcTBy «m> 
Te^eme A^flcTBia TOcyaapcTBeHHoii pocnncH» nepeHOCHTB Kpe^HTH He 

TOJIBKO Hira OTA^Jia Hpe3BLI l iafiHHX , B paCXOAOB'B B'B OTAlWB o6bIKHO- 

BeHHbix'B, ho flase hs'b o^hoto «HOMepa« pocnncH bt> Apyrofi *). HeJIB3a, 



*) CyTb bi> tomt», HTopocnncH .cocTaBJiaiOTca" 3aKOHO,naTejibHHMii y^pe- 
5KA0HiHM« „OTiiocHTejibHO .noxoflOBt — no naparpa^aM'b, a OTHocHTejibHo pac- 

XOAOBT> HO HOMepaMT** 1 ^TaKHXT> HOMepOBT* BT> HHH'BinHefl pOCOHCH — 432). Bt 

dTHXT* „rjiaBHTax'B no^paBfl'BJieHiax'b", KaKt hxt> HaauBaeTt eme aaKOHt^a- 
#eica6pb. OT,aB^T» II. 8 



114 a. iraiKKXC>B0Vi>. 

HanpHM'fcp'B, AeHbra, accHrHOBaBHHfl Ha ropoffOBuxt (NfijSfo 29 h 30), 
o6paTHTb Ha coAepsame rpaAonaqajibHHKOB'b (N° L } 8), — ^a»e Kb tom'b 
cjiyiai, eciH 6h Ha ropoAOBHX'b ostasajiocb bo3Mo»hhm , b cl8koho 
MHTb. H3t woro cjrfjAyerb, nro KOHCTaTHpoBaHHHfi HaMH nepepacxojn. 
AonydieH'b vb aBHUM'b HapynieHieMi 3aKona. 

H onpeA*tfHJrs btotb nepepacxoA* (94.394.797 pyo.), cpaBHHBi, 

HT0n> ofibJKHOBeHHblX'b AOXOAOBl HO HCnpaBJieHHOfi Ha OCHOBaHiH 116 
CT. pOCHHCH CL HTOrOMT* HXT> HO BtAOMOCTH BpeMeHBHX'B KpeAHTOB'L. 

Ecjih 6h cpaBHUTb rb h Apyrie He bt, Hioraxt, a no «H0MepaM , L», 
to nepepacxoflfc OEasajcfl 6h 3HainTe:ibH0 Combine, TaK-b KaKT> bx 
HTort ocTaTKH no 0AHBM*b HOMepaM'b noKpbura qacTb nepepacxoaa no 
ApyrHMT>. Ho yxoMjaib qnTaTejiefl RdJibBk&wuwb conoc/raB.ieHieM'b 
ijiKjp'b si He Cyjiy. fl yae cKa3a:rb h bhobb uoBTopaio, qxo Hacb hh- 
Tepecyerb cefliacb He cyaiMa AonymeHHaro MHHHCTepcTBOM'b nepepac- 
xoAa, a nopHAOKi* pacxoAOBaHia hmt> rocyAapcTBeHHHX'b peccypcoB'b. 
HopaAOK'b ao BTorb BKpaTi$ TaaoB-b. 

B^ ct. 116 ocHOBHMX'b 3aK0H0B'b cKa3ano: «ec^H rocy^apcTBeH- 
Haa pocnncb He 6yAerb yTBepac^eHa Kb Haiajy CBitTHaro nepio.ua, 

TO OCTaeTCH BT» CHjt nOC^AHflff, yCTaHOBJieHHHM'b nopflAKOMi> yTBep- 

»R©HHaff, pocnncb*. Bt> AtficTBHTejibHocTH, oj,HaKo, era pocnncb bt» 
cmii He ocxajiacL: BpeMeuHtie KpeAHTH pa3p4majiHCb h jipRbm pac- 
xoAOBajiHCb He «Ha to'ihomt> ocHOBaHin> 116 ex., a vb aBHuirb na- 
pymeHieM'b ea bt> BasHtflnieft en T iacTH. 

Hbx BToro cJiiAyeTi, ito ho 3-ro TOJbKO irona h ne HCTopHie- 

CKOH) TOJIbKO BJiaCTbK) 6bIJIH HapymeHbl OCHOBHbie 3aK0HbI, — OHH Ha- 

pymajwcb n.ijibjfi toa^, Hapymajincb coBfaowb mhhhctpobt>. 

HaTaTejiH, 6tiTb Moacerb, nopaaceHbi Moero Aep30CTbK>, a hIjkoto- 
pne, 6uTb MoaceTi), yrae SeanoKoaTca 3a mobo yiacTb. He oniHGca jin 
a? H ecjH 3T0 Aarae BipHO, to mojkho an b^ nanm ahii nncaTb TaEia 
BemH? Ho He TpeBoa&Tecb, APy^bs-qHTaTejiH! Si He HacmibKo caiio- 
HaAtflHi, ^to6h Ha ocHOBamn coGcTBeHHHX'b H3Hcitaniit npeATbHBJuiTb 



KJUDiaeTCJi, MoacHO cKaaaTb, rjiaBHLifi cmhcji-b pocmicn, Kant TaKOBoft. JXjih 
HJiJiiDCTpauiH Toro BHaneHis, KaKoe npn^aeTCJi ,HOMepaMT>*, conuiiocb Ha hh- 
nnxenrb, HMtBiuift wbcto He^aBHO bt> rocy^apcTBeHHOft Ayw-B. 7 fleKa6pa 
npo^OBOJibCTBeHBaa KOMMiiccia BHecjia npe;yio»eHie o6t» OTnycK* BHeceHHuxi 
vb npoeicrb pocnHCH 7,7 mhjiji. py6. Ha Bbiiany noco6ift rojioAaiomHsi'L, ho 
fljia AyMU OKaaajiocb HeBosMoacHbiM'b npiiHATi* sto npe^jio»ceHie bt> CioAxceT- 
homt> nopn^K*B Mexc,ziy npoHHMi> noTOMy, ito osHaHeHHhift pacxoAi> Bt poc- 

HHCH 3HaHHTCa nOJ^Ty OAHHMT* HOMepOMt CTb flpyrHMT>, 6Bie H6 BHeceHHUM-b 

Ha yTBepncAGHie JSjubi. Bonpocb 06% 0TnycK*B aeHen> Ha roJio.AaioniHX'b npH- 
uuiocb OTJioacHTb ao pa3CMOTp-BHia cooTB'BTCTByiomaro .HOMepa" poennen hjih 
ace ao BHeceHin ocodaro 3aKOHonpoeKTa no aTOMy npe^MeTy. TaKHMt o(5pa- 
30Mi> ^a»ce 3aK0H0AaT6JibHbia ynpeacneHia BUHy»AeHbi CHiiTaTbcn ct» w homo- 
paMH u . flonycTHTb ace nepeneceHie Kpe^HTOB'b h3t> o^Horo no^pas^'BJieHia B-b 
Apyroe npocTbiMi> pacnopHaceHieMi> HcnojiHHTejibHott BJiacTH, sto 3HaHHJio 6u 
bi> cymHOCTH aHHyjinpoBaTb pocnHCb. Tor^a npoiue 6biJio 6vl oinycKaTb 
j^eHbrn coBtTy mhhhctpobt>, TaKi> cica3aTb, „MoxoM , b H ; .boti BaMt ^Ba hjih 
TpH MHJimapAa, — paexo^y flTe ; r-^a MHHHCTphi!" 



XPOHHKA BHyTPEHHEfl JKHBHtf. lift 

npaBHTejiBCTBy o6BHHeme b'b HapyraeHin ochobhhx'b saKOHOBb. H 
ocHOBUBawcL bx AaHHOMi* cjiyqai Ha coocTBeflHOM'L npii3HaHiH... 

MHHHCTpa 4>HHaHCOB1», — H IipHTOMTb Ha npH3HaHifl, KOTOpOO CA^HO 

He bt> MacTHofi KaKofl-JiH6o 6ecfeA*, a bt> AOKyMeHrh, Kaa* npHHAio 
BupaacaTtcfl, «bucokoA o$$HuiajtHofi BaaiHocTii*. 

Bt> o6xacHHTe.ii>Hofi 3anHCKt kx npoeKTy pocnncH Ha 1908 roffb 
r. KoKOBDjeBT,, co cBoiicTBeHHoio eMy cjiOBOoxoTJHBocTbH), paacitasbi- 
Baert o rfcx* MaHHnyjiaijiflX'b, KaK«Mi» noABeprca 6K)A*erb 1907 ro^a 

B'b COBtrfe MHHHCTpOBX. IIpaBAa, BCtxt HSMtHeHiflX'b, Kada ca*- 

jiaHH B'B xewb cpaBHHTejibHO cb «nocatAHeK) yTBepffiAeHHO© poo 
HHCbio», oht> He pa3CKa3ajnb, — aioro, noBHAHMOMy, He pascKaacemb... 
Ho cyTb dTBTb H3MtHeHifi owb BceiaitH o6*bflCHHa , b. IIpHBeAy sro 
o6i>flCHeflifl in extensor 

3a nocjitAOBaBinHMT> 3 iioHA pocnycKOMi> BTopofl TocyjapcTBeHHoft Ryuu 
u 8a Ha3Ha<ieHieui> cpona oTKpbrria hoboh cecciH saKOHOAaTejibHbix'b y«ipe- 
acAenifl Ha 1 uoa6pH TeKymaro roAa — iHTae*rb mh Bt .o6i>acHiiTOJibHOH 
3anucKt a — He Morjio 6urh 6oJi^e coMHtHia bt> tomt>, hto pocnacb Ha 1907 r 
ocTaHeTCA HeyTBep3KA6HHOK> h ito B'&AOMCTBau'b npHA6Tca ao KOHija roAa 
noJib^OBaTbCH M'ficaHHUMH KpeAHTaMH, oTKpbiBaeMbiMii nodeneHHO bi> no- 

pflAK-fe CT. 116 OCHOBHbIXT> 3aK0H0BT>. Ho AAA TaKOrO npHM'&HeHifl CT. 116 B'b 

xeieHie n.'fejiaro i*0Aa HeooxoAHMO 6ujio onpeA'feJiHTb OKOHHaTejibHbie roAOBbie 
HToru pacxoAOBT> He tojibko no KaasAOH cufcTfe, ho h no OTA'feJibHbiM'b CMfrr- 
HbHii» noApadA^eHiflM'b. 

«OapeA'bjiflTb 0K0H4aTejibHbie roAOBbie HTorn pacxoAOB^ no oia*^ 
auwb CMiTHbiM'b noApasAi-seHiaMb*, aaace TorAa, h HMeHHO Tor^a, 
aorAa «He mooo 6utb fiojrfce coMHima m> tomt*, ito pocnncb Ha 
1907 toa'b odaHeTca HeyTBep«AeHH0H)», aa3ajiocb 6*i, He 3a<rbMX, — 
He 3a TfeMTb yace noToiiy, »ito «3th oROHiaTejibHbie Hxora» onpeAtaeHbi 
«bx nocatAHefi yTBepjEAeHHofi pocnHCH*, — bt> AaHHOMTb cjiyqai, bt> 
pocHHCH 1906 r. Hto ace HHoe Mosen. 3Ha^iiTb Bbipaaceme 116 ct., 

qTO «OCTaeTCH B'b CHJTfc nOCJTfcAHHH, yCTaHOBJieHHUMX UOpflAKOMX 

yrBepacAeHHaa, pocuhcl», Kaira He to, ?to qctqjotcsl wb cnjit okoh- 
qaTcibHbie HTora en no OTA'feJibHbiM'b CMiTHbiM'b noApasAiJieHiaMT*? 
CaMoe Cojbmee, ^to npeACToa.io cAt^aTb coBtiy MHHHCTpoB'b, — sto 
BHecTH bi> HTora vb H3MtH6Hia, Katda BbJTeKajiH H3*b y3aicoHeflifl, 
nocaiAOBaBuiHX'b nocjii yTsepacAeHia pocniicn. PafioTa npeAcroflJia 
qHCTO 6yxrajiTepcKaa. Ct> tohkh 3ptHia 116 cTaTbH HHKaitoro Bonpoca 
o6i> «0K0HiaTejibHbixx HToraxi>» Aaace 6biTb He Mcrao. TtMi* He Me- 
Hte, KaKTb 0Ka3biBaeTca, btotb Bonpocb omrb nocTaMeH'b. 

Ho o6cyacAeHiH dToro Bonpoca — HHTaeMi> mbi AaJite bt> <aanHCKi» — 

GOBtrb MIlUHCTpOBT* HpUineJTB Kl> SaKJIIO'ieHilD HeB03MO3KHOCTH pyKOBOA- 

eTBOBaTbca b*b Te^eHie Bcero 1^07 roAa roAOBUMM ua^paMH 1906 r. no 
OTA'bAbHbiM-b naparpa^aiix h CTaTbflMT> cMtrt. 

^pyrnMH cjiobbmh: coukrb mhhhctpobi> Hauieji r b HeB03M0SHUMx 
pyKOBOAHTbca ^nocjiiAHeH) yTBepacACHHOK) poc«ncbK)», r% qeMy ero 

06H3bIBaJTb 3aK0HTi... 11 pH Be Ay H COOSpaaeHifl, EOTOpbllUl B'b «3aiIiICKt» 
MOTHBHpOBaHa dia «HGg03MU2CH0GT&». 



ii6 a. n^niExoHOBt* 

CTaTtH 116 ochobhhxt* 3aK0H0Bi> yKa3HBaeTT> coBepmeHHo onpe^tJieHHO, 
hto M^caHHMo Kpe^HTH .hojijkhh <5tiTb oTnycicaeMbi «. pa3Mtbpib dtbucmeu- 
meAtuou nomptOHocmu. Meac^y t*mt>, He no^JieacHT'L coMH'BHiK), hto ecTb 
noTpe6HocTH, pasBHTie KOTopux'b Hflert 6e30CTaHOBoqHO h noTOMy He MoacerB 
6htb urpaHHHHBaeMO accnrHOBaHi«MH npeauflymaro roaa. Bi> apyrHXTb cjiy- 
Maaxt yBejiH^eHie pacxoAOBt BH3biBaeTca B03JioacemeMi» Ha rocyaapcTBeHHoe 
Ka3HaHeflCTB0 hobuxt> oCaaaTeJiBCTBij, pacinnpeHieMt saaaTBrocyaapcTBaBT. 

COOTB"BTCTBiH CT> COBpeMeHHUMH Tpe60BaHiflMH 3KH3HH H T. fl. B'B TO 3K6 BpOMfl 

bt> pocnHCH npouie^maro roaa hmIhotch accarHOBama Ha Taxis noTpe^HOCTH 
Ha^o6HocTB bt> KOTopuxi bt> HacToamee BpeMfl MHHOBaJia,.. 

OflHHMt cjiobob-l, 'mothbobt., wro6u npeanoqecTb 3aK0Hy C06CTBeH- 
Hoe ycMOTpiflie, kvlkt? Bcer^a, Hamjiocb MHoro. He tojibeo «Tpe6o- 
Bania hch3hh>, ho Aaaee ca^t 3aK0Hi> KaKi» 6y£T0 TpefioBajra 6e33a- 
KOHia. 06paTHTe, Bt caMOM'b atai, BHHMame xoTa 6h Ha to, qTO 
nojiyqaiiocb nocjit 6iopoKpaTHqecKofi o6pa6oTKH H3i» «A*fcficTBHTejib- 
nofi noTpe6HOCTH», o Koropoft ynoMHHaeTca B'b 116 ct. h b'b koto- 
poft mh ckjiohhh 6lijih BHUie bh^tb QflHy H3i, rapaHrifi... Ho aa- 

KOBH 6u HH 6HJH MOTHBBI, ^aKTB TaKQB'b: UO C06CTB6HHOMy HpH3HaHil) 

upaBHTejiBCTBa, «nocjrfcAHeK) yTBepJKAeHHOK) pocnacbjo*, jsawb bto Tpe- 

eyeT'B 116 CT. OCHOBHHX'b 3aK0H0BT>, OHO He pyKOBO^HJIOCb. H npoH- 

3oniJio 3T0 — Mory a Teuepb npH6aBHTb — He cayqaflHo; ocHOBHiie 3a- 
kohbi Hapymajmcb CHCTeMaTaqecKH a npeAHaMipeHHO. EflHHCTBeHHO, 
B'b newh a, noacaayfi, flonycTHjrb irpeyBejmqeHie, bto B'b tom'b, mo 
cK&sdui'b, 6yATo TaKoe Hapyraenie npo^ojiacajiocb ijijEift roATb. IIo cjlo- 
BaM'b r. KoKOBii;eBa, oho Haqajiocb co BpenieHH pocnycKa BTopofl .Jjmh, 
Kor^a «He mooo fibiib 6ojrfce coMHiniJi bt» Toarb, qTO pocnacb Ha 
1907 rofl'b ocTaHeTca HeyTBepacAeHHOK)*. HtoSh BticKa3aTb cBoe npeA- 
nojioaceHie, y mchh 6hjih ocHOBama, ho HacTaHBaTb Ha HeM'b a He 
oyAy. He Taicb BaacHO, bte> caMOM'b flijii, Hapymajiacb jih «kohcth- 
Tyn,iH» irfejibifi tort> h.ih ceMb M'kcaii.eB'b... 

HHTepecHie OTMiTiiTb Apyroe. HpHsnaHie, qTO «nocjrfjflHaa yTBep- 
>KA6HHaa pocnHCb* He BbinojiHHJiacb, a BbinojiHajiacb KaKaa-To ^pyraa» 
hh oflHHMTb HSi) 3aK0H0ja;aTejibHbix r b yqpeacAenifi He pa3CM0Tp*HHaa h 
He yTBeps^HKaa, mm HaniiiH B'b od'bacHHTejibHofl sanHCK* MHHHCTpa 
^HHaHCOB'b K'b npoeKTy rocyAapcTBgHHofl pocnncH aoxo^ob'b h pacxo- 
^obt. Ha 1908 roA'b. TaKHMi oCpasoM'b, $am btoi^ qjienaMTb Tocy- 
AapcTBeHHofi JtyMbi HSBicTeH-b. Hhkto, o^HaKO, m% ertb Ha HeM'b 
He ocTaHOBHJica, xoTa o6nua npeaia no OBOAffieTy #aBajiH, Kasajiocb. 
^ja 9Toro npeKpacHHfi cjiyqafi. OSt* BTOM'b HapymeHiH ^lOAaceTHbixi. 
saKOHOB'b ne 6ujio yuoMaHyro ^ajKe B'b caMofl oSuinpHofl H3^ ptqefi, cica- 
3aHHHX r b bo Bpejtfa sthxt. npeHifi,—B , b pf>qa H. H. MnjiioKOBa. Ho- 
cJitAHifi MHoro roBopmi'b o He#ocTaTO T iHucTH oro^aceTHMX'b npaBx To- 
cyAapcTBeHHofi jljuu h HeoSxo^MOCTH HX'b pacmapHTb; yitasbiBaJi'b 
Ha rb crhcHeHia, KaKia npaxoAHTca HciiHTHBaTb Hapo.UHHM'b upe.5- 
CTaBHTejiaM's bt> hxt> Ha^opi 3a Hcno.iHemeM'b rocyaapcTBeHHOft 
pocnacH, npn qeMTE* B'b KaqecTB* HanSojite apfiaro npHMtpa HanoM- 
HHJLt, KaK'b rocyAapcTBeHHHfi KOHTpojiep'b OTKasajica nosHaaoMHTb 



XPOHHKA BHyTPBHHBfi «H3HH. 117 

BTopyio ,3jMy cl HMtiomHMHca y Hero no a-roiiy Bonpocy MaTepiaaaMH; 
BucKa3aji^ OHt, Mes^y npoiHM , B, i H coacajtHie, ito TocyijapcTBeH- 
Haa #yMa fflmeHa bosmojkhocth oScTOHTejibHO h CBoeepeMeHHO paa- 
cuoTptrb SioflHeerL; ho o tomt», ^to ocnoBHtie saaoHH b"l c$ep4 $h- 
HaHcoB-L cHdeMaTHqecKH He BbmoaaHioTGH, npeflCTaBHTejib k.-a. napriH 
He o6MO^Bnjicfl hh ciobom-b... 

CnpamHBaeTCH, oflHaito: saKOfi cMucjrb iioraerB hm^tb pacmnpeHie 
firo^aceTAHxt npaBii ,Jj mh > gcjih BbinoMeme HMifomaxca aaKOHOBi 
coBirB MHHHCTpoBt Morcerb npH3HaTb, Koiyja eMy 9to aa6jiaropa3cy- 
^htch, «HeB03M0KHHM'L»? H .najrfce: saqikb Bairb MaTepiajiu, hm4bo- 
miecn y rocyAapcTBeHHaro KOHTpoaepa, Kor.ua cairb mkhhctpx $h- 

HaHCOB'L TOBOpHTL BaM'L, HTO yTBepaKAGHHOK) pOCHHCBK) 0HT> He pyKo- 

boahjich, a bh HHnero npoTHB'L 9Toro cjvhjiaTb He MoaseTe h aaae 
BonpeKH 3T0My qTo-midyflb cicasaTb He csiteTe? H, HaKOHeci^: ctohtb 
jih Boo6me pasciiaTpHBaTb h yTBepamaTb CroflHcerb, ecjin y Bacb Hir* 
rapaHTift, q*ro ero cy^b6a Syaerb HHaa, qiifb cy#b6a «nocjrfe;*Heft 
yTBepjKjieHHOft pocnncn*? 

Hejb3a, kohc^ho, flonycTHTb, qioSbi 9Ta cy^bfia b*b k.-,h. Kpyraxi 
Odajiacb He3aMtqeHH0ft. Ecjih n. H. Mhjhokob'b cqejnb 8a jyqmee 
yMOjqaTb o Heft, to, B-fcpoaTHO, y Hero omjih Ha 3to cboh coofipa- 
aceHia. EbiTb Moserb, rayfioKifl coo6paacemfl... xoxa 6m B^po^i cj*- 
AyromHX'b: KOHCTHTynJH Htrb, ho eyaeirb roBopHTb Taicb, aao CyflTo 
OHa cymecTByerb, h Torfla KOHCTHTyijifl y Hacb fiynerb... 

Ho KaKOBH 6h hh 6ujih bi> AaHHOM'b cayqat coofipaateHia onno- 
SHijiH, yrjiySwiflTbca bt» 8Ty TeMy ceftqacb He BpeMa. Haira npeflCTOHrb 
eme noABecra mora rfcirb Ha6jnofleHiHM'b, KaKia mbi c^tjiajn. Mh 
ocTaHOBHJiHCb nepe^ Sjoajkcthok) hobhshobo, KaKyio npa Bxo;vh b*b 
o6HOBJieHHHfl cTpofl BCTpiTHjiH. fl npHraacHirb qaTaiejieft b% Hee 
BrjLflfl'frrbCfl, yTBepayjaa, qTO Me»Ay Hero h cTapoHOio, HecoMHiiHHo, 
AOJUKHa 6biTb pa3HHija. Mh BCMOTp*fejiHCb... h mh4 npaxoflHTca npa- 

8HaTbCH, qTO a 0HIH6Cfl. 9t0 TOJIbKO Bl pOCCifiCKOM'b CBOflt CKa8aH0, 

qTO «HMnepia poccificKaa ynpaBJifleTca Ha TBepAHX'b ocHOBamflXTb 
saK0H0BTb»... Bt» ^tficTBHTejibHocTH ace, TaKoro Hopfl^Ba bx pyccaoft 
senijii eme He aaBeaeHO. Bo BCHEOM'b cjiyqat, bti $HHaHC0BEix , b a*- 
jrax'b ero He OKasajiocb... 

Ho, Moacerb 6HTb, B'b HHX'b ecTb Apyrofi hophaokt.? iKejiaa onpaB- 
AaTb cefin nepe^ HHTaTejiaMH, a roTOB'b yxBaTHTbca h aa 9Ty cojio- 

MHHKy. 

^onycTHM'b, qio npaBHTejibCTBO A*ficTBOBajio He no saKOHy... Ho, 
Moraerb 6biTb, oho At^cTBOBajio no CMirfe?.. HycTb 9to 6biJia fla,»e 
ne yTBepaAeHHan CM^Ta, nycTb 9to 6uji r b TOJibKO npoearB cm*th, 
ho 3a6jiaroBpeMeHHo coc-TaBjieHHHfi, BcecTopoHHbie h TnjaiejibHO, 
xoth 6h h He B'b saKOHO^aTejibHHX'b yqpe»AeHinx^, co bc*mh oGctoh- 
TejibCTBaMH rocy,a;apcTBeHHofi shshh coo6pa»eHHHfi... BceTaKH 9to 
Gewb 6h nopaAOifb... 

AojaceH'b npnsHaTbCfl, mto, Ror^a bi> raseTax'b noflBHjiHCb cB^t- 



118 a. ramEtOHOBi. 

Hia o6i ofimefi cyMMt oTnymeHHHrL Ha 1907 r. BpeMeHHHxx ape- 

AHTOB'b, TO HMeHHO 8Ta MLICJIL npHHIJia MH4 B'b TOJIOBy. S CpaBHHJTb 

cyMMy BpeMeHHuxi) KpejniTOBi> Ha ofibiKHOBeHHbie h ^penBuqafiHue 
pacxoAH cb cooTBtTCTByiomHMH HToraMH no npoeKTy pocinicH Ha 
1907 r., KOTopiifi 6uivh BHeceHTb bo BTopyro ,HjMy. CoBna^eHie 
OKasaaocb y^HBHicjibHoe: 

OGuKHOBeHHue 4pe3BLiHaflHfje 

pacxoau. pacxo^u. 

CTo npoeKTy pocnacH Ha 1907 r., 

BHeceHHOMy bo BTopyio Aywy. 2.178.180.171 py 6. 298.554.701 py6. 

IIO BtAONOCTH BpeMOHHUXX Kpe- 

AWT0BT>, 0TnymeHHbixi> COB*- 

TOMl muhhctpobx .... 2.173.400.894 > 324.585.915 » 

Ho 0TA*Jiy oSHKHOBeHHux-B pacxoAOB* noayiHJiocb ho<jth nojraoe 
TOKAecTBO. B'b qpesBHiaiiHbix'b pacxoAax-b OKaoajiacb pasHHua b*b 
26,2 muji. py6. Ho, B^b, BTopoio ^ynoK) ocofJUMn saKOHaMH 6ujih 
pa3ptmeBU MpesBHiaflHue Kpe^HTM, CBepxT> npoeKTHpoBaBmHxcxi no 
pocnHCH, a HMeHHO en) 6hjio OTnymeHo 28,5 mhjiji. py6. Ha Bbiaaqy 
nocofiifi HacejieHiio, iiuCTpaflaBineiiy orb Heyposaa. Oicbhaho, mo 
npaBHTenbCTBO BtinojiEaerb npoeKTb pocnncH, xoth h ocxaBimfica 
HeyTBep»AeBHUM , B; ho 3a6jiaroBpeMeHHO cocTaBjieHHtifi. Oho BHecjio 
wb Hero JiHinb rfc u3MiHeHia, Kaiun oCycjiOBJinBaioTCH nocjrfcAOBaBuiHMH 
nocjit ero cocTaBJiema y3aK0HeHiflMH. Hpn 9tomt> oho cyMt.io eiue 
xotb HenHoro cbbkohomhtb... 

Kor^a a iHTajrc» oO^flCHHTe^bHyio 3annctty MHHHcxpa $HHaHC0Bi» t 
to 8to npeAnojioaceHie o6paTHiiocb 6ujio y Mens bt> nojiHy© yBt- 

peilHOCTb. COOOEUHBI), ^TO COBtT/b MHHHCTpOB'b npH3HaJTb HeBOSMOS- 

hmmi> pyKOBOAHTbca pocnncbro 1906 roAa, r. KoKOBn.eB'L HenocpeA- 
CTBeHHO BCJitAi* 3arbM'b niinierb: 

TaKHMT> 06pa30MT> O^eBHflHO, HTO npH Onpe^tJieHiH rO£OBfclXT> HTOrOBX 

oTA'fcflbHUX'b Kpe^HTOBi>, cJi'bnyjowjAX'b K*b oTnycicy no BpeMeHHHMi> pocnH- 

CaHiflM'b, HaH(50Jlte B'fcpHblM'b M'fcpHJIOM'b TOfi AtftCTBHTeJIbHOfi nOTpetfHOCTH, 
O KOTOpOfi rOBOpHTt CT. 116 OCHOBHblXt 3aKOHOBT>, XBJL&1QTCA IJII<j>pH aCCH- 

rHOBamfl, BHeceHHHXt B'B cm-btu Ha 1907 roAt... 

MofflHO 6mjio B3^oxHyTb vb oejierqeHieMi): nopaAOBTb B'B $HHaHC0- 
BbixTb A^axi., o^eBHAHO, ecTb,— npaBAa He upeAycMOTptHHHfi 3aito- 
hom'b h Aaace BAymifi B'b paaplra'b cb HHM'b, ho BceTaKH nopflAOK'b... 
Ji^ 6o.ibmefl yBtpeHHOCTH h BceTaKH cpaBHHJn> BpeMeHHue KpeAHTH, 
oxnymeHHHe coBtTOMx MnHHCTpoB-b, ct npoeKTOMTb pocnHCH Ha 

1907 rOAT>, BHeCeHHHM'b HM'b BO BTOpyK) ,3,yMy, He TOJbKO B'b HTO- 

rax-b, ho h no HOMepaM'b. B'b peaynbTarfc — nojiHaa HeoacHAaHHOCTb: 
OKasajiorb, ito TOJibKO no ofiHKHOBeHHOMy 6i0AseTy, He roBopa o 
Mpe3BUiafiHOM*b, OTnymeHHbie KpeAHTM pacxoAHTca ch npoeKTHpo- 
BaHHtiMH, t. e. yBejinqeHH hjih yMeHbraemj cpaBHHTeabHO cl nocjiiA- 
hhmh B'b 80 cayiaax-b! CoBnaAeme B'b HTorarb, cTajo 6HTb, 6hjio 
ciyMafiHbiM'b... OtipamaiocL bhobl k% o6*bACHHTeJibHoi[ uaimcict h 



XP0HHKA BHyTPEflHFJi JB03HH. 119 

BH»y, *to A**CTBHTeJH»Ho npoeETB pocnncH, nocjrt pocnycKa BTopoi 
JIjmh, bhobb noABeprca nepe^ijiKaMt. IlepeAaBaTB, Easia bto 6hjh 
nepeA^JiKH h qiBTB oh* 6mjih ofiycaoBJieHBr, 6mjio 6m cjehdieomi yio- 
MHTejifcHO. OrparaqycB h4eotopijmh pe3yjBTaTaMH. 

Hat bIjaomctb'b HaH6ojibmifi ypoFB ofb bthxtj nepefllMOK'B no- 
Tepnijio MHHHCTepcTBO napoAHaro npocBimeHia. Hai 12 «HOMepoB r B», 
Katde racjiaTca sa bthbtb mhhhgt6PCTbom , b no pocnaoH, oraymeHSHe 
EpeAHTU oEadajincB MeHBme npoeETnpoBaHHBix'B B'B 10 cjEyqaaxi. 
IlpeAnojaraJiocB accnrHOBaTB no BToiiy MHHHcrepcTBy 50.906,218, a 
coBinwB MHHiicTpoBi) paspimeHH BpeueHHHe KpeAHTH JIHIUb Wb 
cyMM* 45.907,159 py6. Canaa EpynHaa npn6aBKa cAiaaHa no OAHoaiy 

HSft «HOMepOB'B» MHHHCTepCTBa (^HHaHCOB'B, EOTOpBlfl B'B pOCHHCH 

oaarjiaBJieH'L TaKT»: «npnnjiaTu, nocoSia h Apyria burwu nacTHBiM'B 
ofimecTBairB sejriteHHX'B AoporB no BEcnayaTaijiH hmh rami*. IIo 
npoeKTy pocnncn npeAnoaarajiocB accnrHOBaTB Ha stotb npeAMerB 
29.940,750 py6., a coB*TOM f B mhhhctpob'b oTnymeHO 38.140.750 py6. 
Efex bthxt* AByxi npHMipoBTb, a AyMaio, AOCTaToqno hcho bhaho, B'B 

EaEy» CTOpOHy yOOHHJIHCB «AtflCTBHTeJ[BHBia nOTpe6HOCTH>, EaKT, 
TOJBEO npaBHTeJttCTBO OCTaJIOCB HaeAHHi CB CaMHM'B C060K) H CTaJIO 

3th noTpe6nocTH onpeA^aTB «bt> cooTBiTCTBin c% coBpeMeHHHMii 

TpeCOBaHiflMH HCH3HH»... 

HtrB! CojioMHHEa, sa KOTopyio a 6u.no yxBamaca, ho BBiAepaeajia 
IIpHXOAHTca npH3HaTB, *ito HHHtinHee npaBHTeJBCTBo TaK'B ace ynpa- 
BjiaeT'B ^HHaHcoBHMH ^t.iaMii, EaR'B hmh ynpaBjiaJTB KHA3b MropB 
6e3Ti carfcrB n 663^ saKOHOB'B... «HcTopia ovl TocTOMHCJia*, oqeBHAHo 
npoAOJiacaeica, — npoAOJrasaeTca b^ tojtb ace HCTHHO-pyccEoarB Ayx4: 

IIopaAKa... HtTl, KaKT> H*6rb... 

II. 

«TTpH 3boh* BecejioiiB cTaRaia>... 

fl onacaiocB, «rro iHTaTejiH ecaobojibhh Moero MeA-iHTejiBHo ctbio 
Bm*cto Toro, htoCh cpa3y ace boHth bt& «o6HOBjieHHBift» aomt., a 
HaAOJiro saAepacajica npn bxoa*. Ctohjio jih, b^ caMoirb a^*, no- 
cBamaTB ctojibko MtcTa BpeMeHHtiM'B KpeAHTaM^?!. IIpaBAa, aB.ieHie — 
HOBoe... Ho b^a* oho CBoficTBeHHO TOJibRO HHHtniHeMy nepexoAffouy 
BpeMeHH. YKptDHTca «o6HOBjieHHHft CTpofi», yTBepAHTB ,HyMa 6h)a- 
sera — h CHdeMa BpeMeHHux-B KpeAHTOB-B OEaseTca nosaAH HacB, 
ocTaHeTca tojibko B'B Hamnx-B BOcnoMiiHaHiflXT,... 

H He ptmarocB, OAHaao, ycnoKOHTbca Ha 9Tofi HaAescA*. B03- 

MO»HO, ^TO aBJieHie, CB EOTOpUMX HaM^ npHfflJIOCB hm*tb A*Jio, He 

tojibko HOBoe, ho h AJflnjeecH. Yae n.tjiwfi toa'b mh nponnjia npn 
BpeMeHHBix'B KpeAHTaxi h HOBBift — Ha^HewB cb hhmh ace. H 
en;e h6H3b4ctho, *&wb btotb hobuA toa^ EOHqaTca. Ecjih mh Aaace 
AonycTHMTb, mo TpeTBH JtyMa, xoTa 6h h cb ono3AameM'B, yTBepAHTB 
6K)AffierL, to h 3a BcbicB rhM'L HeH3BicTH0, uaKOBa GyAerB ero A'<uh~ 



120 a. namEXOHOB*. 

Htflmaa yqacTb. KaRT> a yae cEaaajTB, MoaerB 6htb, oHa 6yAerb 
Ta ae, *ito h «nocji*AHe* yTBep*AeHHoft pochhch*. y»e bt> cMy 

9TOrO TOIBEO, BpeMeHHBIMH RpeAHTaMH HpHXOAHTCH HHTepeCOBaTBCH. 

MoaerB 6htb, ohh Aaae HcieaHyrB, ho nkrb HHqero neB-hpoaT- 
Haro, tto onflib cKopo noaBaTca. Boo6me bt> nepexoAHOM'B coaroaHiH — 
bt> npHTBopi, Tas* CKaaaTt, ROHCTHTyitfoHHaro xpaMa — n&wb npa- 
AeTca npo6HTb, MoaerB 6htb, Aoaro. BoaMoaHO, hto h Ha yjiHijy 
enje Bufira npHfleTca. Kto, bt» caMOM'B j^vk, nopyrarca, hto He uo- 
aBHTca KaKoft-HH6yflB npoTOAiaEOH'B, c*b 6oJite 8biihhm , b rojiocoBTB, 
qtM'B y r. CTOJHHHHa,, h He paBRHerb: 

— OoameHHiH H8BiAHTe! 

H bhAth Ha yanijy Toraa, HecoMH*HHo. npHAeTca... UoijifiWh oa- 
naKO jajibtue. BofiAeM^ bt> «o6HOBJieHHHii aomt»»... BofiAeM'B BMicrfe 
CB mhhhctpom'b $HHaHCOB , B. HpncjiyinaeMCH, hto oetb cRaaerB sa- 

c4AaH>mHM , B TaM*B «HCTHHHHM'B HapOAHBIM'B npeACTaBHT6JIHM , B», EaE'L 

oht> HXTb HasBaji'B. IIocmotphm'b, r&kl ohh ero BCTpiTarB... 



Hanajio MHHHCTepcKofl Aeoapaoifi, noKa OTHomeme et> He* 
jlyMH He onpeA^HJiocB, a onymy. Hainy cb Toro MOMeHTa, sorAa 
f HyMa vb Hee BCJiymaiiacB. 

Hh oaho rocyAapCTBO — 3aaBHjn> MeatAy npo^HMB b*b cBoeft A©KJi&paniH 
r. KoKOBueBi— He Moaerb no3BOJiHTb ce6t bb HacToamyD MirayTy TaKOft 
pocKomn, KaKB oTKasi ott> Toro hjih apyroro Bnna cbohx?> aoxoaobb 6e3T> 
npeo6pa30BaHia h saM^HU ero apyrnMB, He MeHte o6eane t ieHHfciMB, nocTy- 
naieHieMt,— HacTOJibKO noTpetfHOCTH coBpeMeHHHXB rocyAapcTBB BejiHKH h 
Heo6'LflTHbi h HacTOJiBKO o6jiacTb ())HHaHCOBaro TBopnecTBa h Aarae H306pt- 
TaTejiBHOCTH orpaHmeHa. HacB ynvrrb 3TOMy ohhtb ica«Aaro ahh h npn- 
M'fep'b Apyrnxi CTpaHi>, HCTopia KOTopux'b cjioa&HJiacb cpe^a ycjioBifl, MeHte 
TarocTHHX'b, HeaceJin tb, KOTopua co3,najiH Hame oTeiecTBo; tbxt> CTpam>, 
KOTopufl He aaKOH-iHJiH tojii>ko ito, KaKt mli, passopHTejibHyio H 06HAHyD 
naa Hamero caiiojiK)6ia Bofley, KOTopua He nepeaKHJiH no3opHuxi> .hjijiiomh- 
Hauifl* H ApyrnxB npoABJieHifl BaH^ajinaMa, HaHecniHX'b h Bee eme HaHoca- 
mnxT> Tanie CTpainHMe y^apu Hameft pyccKofl KyabTyp* h HameMy Hapo^- 
HOMy 6oraTCTBy... 

(Ann.ioducMeHmu enpaea u &b v&tmpfb). 

9to 6ujh nepBue annjiOAHCMeHTH, EaKie yAajiocb BLi3BaTB CBoeso 
pt^BK) MHHHCTpy $HHaHcoB , B. CnpaniHBaeTca: ^to bt^ npHBe^enHOM'b 
OTpbiBKi noHpaBHJiocB cjiymaTejiaM-B? TeancB opaTopa hjih ero apry- 
MeHTairta? To jih hm^ noHpaBHJiocB, ito «rocyAapcTBO He Moserb 
nosBOJiHTB ce64 b'b HacToamyio MHHyTy TaKofi pocrohih, East 0TEa3B 

OTB TOrO HJIH APyrorO BHAaCBOHX^AOXOAOBT)*, — APyrHMH CJIOBaMH, qTO 

oho He MoaerB yMeHBmHTb HajioroBoro 6peM^HH, Jieaamaro Ha nace- 
jieHia? Hjih ae hm?> AOCTaBHjio yAOBOJBCTBie HanoMHHanie o «pa330- 
pHiejBHOfi h oShahoA aj^ Hamero caMOJirofiia BoflHi*, o «no3opHHXB 
HJijiK)MHHai] t ijaxi> h Apyrnx^ npoaBJiemax'B BaHAajiH3Ma, HaHecmnx'B h 
Bee eme HaHocaniHX'B xaKie cTpamHue yAapu HameA pyccKofl EyjiB- 
xyp* h HameMy HapoAHOMy 6oraTCTBy>? 






XP0HHRA BHYTPEHBEfi HH8Htf. 121 

fioBTopaio: 9to 6hjih «nepBHe» annaoflHCMeHTbi, KOTopue o6hkho- 
BeHHo Han6oJi'he TpynHo 6biBaerB Bbi3BaTb opaTopy. Pa3ii ohh bm- 
BBaHLi,-— dpyHa coqyBCTBia Meac,uy hhmt> h ayaHTopieft HafUeHa* 
Kaac^oe HOBoe iipiiKOCHOBeHie Kt btoS CTpynt oSinjaerb hobhg aflHto- 
AHCMeHTH. H opaToptr, ofiuKHOBeHHO, 8T0K) B03MoacHOCTbH) nojn>3yioTcs + 
HoaTOwy, ecjin mh He yjioBHJH, B'b qeMt 3aoioqaeTca «cepieqHoe 
co3Byqie», KaKoe cKa3ajocb b'b jjaHHOM'b ciy^ai Meatfly flyMcrcn&rb 
CojQLLmiiHCTBOM'L h npeflCTaBurejieM'b npaBHTejitcTBa, to MoaceM^ ente 
npacjiyraaTbCjar. 

He MO»eTi>~roBopHJi , i> r. KoicoBijeB'b aajibme — He Curb TpyjjHbTM-b, 
cTtcHeHHUMT, h Aaace o6peHeHHbiM-b Ha BejiHHaflmyK) czcepaaHHocTt B'b 
cbohxt> pacxo^axi) $HnaHcoBoe nojioaceHie Toft crpaHbi, KOTopafl flojiataa 
Cmia bt> TeneHie Tpexi* ji^Tt HCTpaTHTb 2,5 MHJiJiiap^a na 6opb6~y cn> 
BH*mHHM r b BparoMT> h KOTopan bt> TeieHie hobhxt> flByx'b Ji^Tt He ne- 
pecTaeTt GopoTbca c*b xyflinHMT> BparoMT> — cbohmt> BHyTpeHHHM*b HeeTpoe- 

HieMT>... 

(AnnAoducMenmu). 

dpyHa saTpoHyTa, HecoMHimio, Ta ae caMafl, — ho HaM^ onflTb 
npEXOAHTca cnpaiDHBaTb: qeMy JIjMa amuioflHpoBajia? ToMy an, To) 
<J>iiHaHcoBoe nojioaceme CTpaHtr «He Mosserb He 6brrb TpyflHuub u 
CTtcneHHbiM'L*? hjih TOMy, *rro bi> Teieme Tpex^ jrfrrb BToft expand 
npnmJiocb HCTpaTHTb 2 l / 2 MHjuiiapfla Ha*6opb6y vb BHinrnHBrb spa- 
roMT> h B'b TeqeHie hobhxii flByx^ Jitrb fiopoTbca a* eme xy^rauMiv 
BparoM'b— cbohm^ BHyTpeHHHM'B HecTpoeHieMT>? 

ByAeMi), oflHaico, cjymaTb flajibme... 

... CocTaBJieHie GioflaceTa Ha 1906 rofl* — CKasajrb Meatfly irpo^BM^ 
r. KoKOBaeBT* bo BTopoft CBoeft p'B^H— npHHaAJie«HT-b He MHt. Oaho matKo 
Mory CKa3aTb, mo cMtTa Ha 1906 roa'b, icaicb, BtpoaTHo, npnnoMHHTk To- 
cyAapcTBenHaa JlyMa, Ctuia cocTaBJiena B'b coBepmeHHO HCKJUDHHTeju.Hbix-b 
ycjioBiflxi.* OHa cocraBJiajiacb bo BpeMH Bceotfmeft noHTOBO-Teoierpa^Hoa u 
nceji'BaHOAopoKHOH 3a6acTOBKH, 3TO CbiJi'b 0KTfl6pb 1905 rofla, a paacMaTpa- 
BaJiacb CM^Ta rocyflapcTBeHHbiMT> CoB'BTOM'b B'b nepioA'b MocKOBCKarb Boopy- 

3K9HHar0 B03CTaHU... 

(AnnAoducMenmu). 
YjioBHTb, Kanaa sByiHrb cipyHa, Ha »Torb pas'b Jierqe. *0^eq 

T0JIBK0* M0I"L CKa3aTb B^ ^HHOMTi Cjyiat MHHHCTp'b $HHaHC0BX H, 

oneBHAHO, 9T0 «oaho TOJibKo* h momo AOCTaBHTb yflOBOJbCTBie ero 
cjiyfflaTejiHM'L: CMfca cocTaBjfljacb bo BpeMfl 3a6acTOBKH, pa3GMaipH- 
Bajiacb bo BpeMH BoopyaceHHHaro BOSdaHifl. HeyaceJiH, OflHaKQ, 310 
HanoMiiHame TaKT» npiaTHO TpeTbefl ^yMt? 

HtoSii acHte 6tuio, wb qeMi> TyT'L A*Jio, npaBeAy eme oaho bog- 
noMHHaHie MHflHCTpa $Hi;aHC0B , L, AocTaBHBniee, cy^H no cieHorpaMM^, 
He Majioe yja;oBOjibCTBie ^HCTKHHiiMt HapoAHHM'b npeACTaBHTejiEM^*^. 

A*HCTBHTejibHo— CKaaajii r. KoKOBueB'b, oTBtiaa II. H. Mhjhokobf,— ^a 
H^cKOJibKO BpeMeHH, Bcero 3a M'BCflix'b ao rocyaapcTBeHHoft flyMU nepBarti 
cosuBa, npaBHTejibCTBO BawiioHHJio KpynHHft saeid^, npaB^a He bt> mhjuiIm ju l, 
a bi» 843 MHJiJiioHa, h a otkphto AOKJiaAbiBa» TocyaapcTBeHHOH Rjh% ito 
»toti» eaeM-b, no noBejrfeHiio ero HMnepaTopc»ar« BejiHieeTBa, 6bijn» eooep- 



1 



122 A. IIMIBXOHOB'B. 

meHT» mhok). Hto we? 3to 6biJio aypHO, hto npaBHTeabCTBo hchojihhjio erot, 
YroAHO ObiJio 6bi, htoGbi npaBHTeabCTBO acflajio, Kor^a rocyaapcTBeHHaa 
JfyMa nepBaro coauBa aajia 6u eMy nojiHOMOHia Ha coBepmeHie dToro saftMa? 
H'BT'b. ITpaBHTejibCTBO ac^aTb 3Toro He Morao. Oho 6biJio ynojraoMoneHo Ha 
coBepmeHie saflMa h oho .hojimcho 6hjio HCKaTb 3th cpeacTBa ;jjih Toro, hto- 
6bi yAOBJieTBopHTb tb aoaroBbiH o6fl3aTejibCTBa, KOTopua 6hjih BaKJironeHbi, 
h oho hchojihhjio 9to h Hainao H6o6xoAHMLie peccypcbi... HaHIJIO HXB, H6 
BBHpaA Ha to, hto HainaHCb bt> Ty nopy pyccKie jik>ah, KOTopue npaGmiH 

BT> riapHJK'L, TA'B H Bl> TO BpeMH HaXO^HJICH, H 06hB3UIH HOporH $paHHJ"3- 

cKHXt BJiacTeft, cTapaacb npenaTCTBOBaTb coBepmeHiio 3aflMa... 

(Bypuue annAoducMenmu cnpaoa u e% ueumptb). 

Tenepb, a nyMaio, iHTaiejiH Aoraflaancb, noHeiiy btb OTMiqeHHbix'b 
mhok) MicTaxij JIjMa annjiojppoBajia. «^BH»eHie», BLipajKaacB nap- 

JiaMeHTCKHMt HSbJKOM'B, SaM^ajIOCB H «3HaRH OA06peHifl» ClLimaJIHCL 

BcaKifl paa'L, Kor.ua mhhhctpb yuoMHHajTB o Bparaxt, Eor.ua ohb ro- 

BOpHJTB 6HTBaXl. B'B HOCwl'BAHeM'B HBT) HpHBe.HeHHBJX'B MH0H) OTpblB- 
KOBB, OH'B BCIIOMHHjTB He TOJbKO 6opb6i CB KpaMOJIBHHKaMH, HO H 

o noo'BA'fc na^t hhmh,— o nofi'hA'B, KOTopaa, 6bitb MoacerB, pinrajia 
cy#B6y KaiinaHiH. Kaira CBoeBpeMeHeffB h yfla^eHB, B'B caMOM'B #4,14, 
6biiTB btotb o6xoa*b Hapo^Haro npeACTABHTejiBCTBa! Kara SjiecTanje 
BBinoJHHJi'B ero r. KoKOBijeB'b! H Kara hhhtojkhei Barkers cb t*bmb 
0Ka3ajiHCB Bparn, KOTopBie He npHflyMajiH HHHero jiyqinaro, B'B 8Ty 
ptmHTejTLHyro MHHyTy, KaKB*«o6HBaTB noporn*! Hohjitho, HToannjio- 

^HCMeHTU npH 9T0MB BOCnOMHHaHM ORasaJEHCB «6ypHHMH»... 

fl[ He 6ujh> B'B ^yMCKOM'B 3actAaHiH 27 Hoa6pa .. Ho Ror.ua a 
qHTaxB CTeHorpa$nqecKifl othctb o HeMi>, nepe.no mho© bcc acfffee h 
acHie BCTaBajia KapTHea h3t> apeBHe-pyccKofi jkhshh, BocnpoHBBe^eH- 
Haa Kor^a to ajih HacB noaTOM-B: 

Khabb Hropb h Ojibra Ha xojwb cnj\nrb, 
flpyacHHa nnpyerb y Gpera; 
Boftnjd noMHHaiorb MiiHyBmie ahh 

H 6HTBbI, I^B BM^CT-B py6HJIHCb OHH... 

IlycTb 8th 6htbh He bc4 6hjih yaa^Hbi; nycTb noeri hhx'b ocTa- 
jmcb py6n,bi h, 6uti> Mo»cerB, He BnciHt en^e sa^HBiniH paHM... 
BcnoMHHTb o HHXTb Bce-TaKH npiflTHO,~oco6eHHO Tenepb, Kor^a onac- 
hoctb MHHOBajia, KOi^a BofiHa 0Ka3ajiacb no6tAOHOCHofi... H npHXBacT- 

HyTB npH BTOM'B H6 3a30pH0 *)... 

B03M0fflH0, TOO Ha 9THXT> HHpyfflKaX'B KHH3A CB ApVfflHHOK), «HpH 8B0Ht 



*) H3B MHornx-b HeTOHHOCTeft, Kaicifl raseTbi HamjiH bi> pfeHax'b MHHHCTpa 

(J>HHaHCOBT>, CHHTaK) H6 JIUIHHHM'b OTMtTHTb SJ&Cb O^Hy w o6MOJIBKy", KaKT> 

HasBaJio ee .Cjiobo",— T'BM'b Cojite, hto »Ty oGmojibky a BOcnpoH3Bejn> Bbime 
6e3i> BcaKoft oroBopKH. KaKi> yTBep}KAaeTi> r. Oe^opoBx, a oht> B'B KaHecTPB 
6uBinaro MHHHCTpa 9to, koh6hho, 3HaeTi>, 8aeMT> nepeAi> nepBOft flyMoft 8a- 

KJHOHHJIB BT> A*flCTBHT€^JIbHOCTH rp. BHTTe, V. KOKOBnieB-b »6 IirpaJTb Bl» 

8tomi> cjiyna'B poJib KOMH-Boaacepa, bb KanecTB'B KaK<>Boro oht> h 'B^hjiib'b 
IlapHaci. Ho a Aywaio, hto CTpaHHaa co cTopoHbi MHHHCTpa otfMOJiBKa, bi 
ycTaxB HCTnHHO-pyccKaro GoraTupa npeACTaBaaeTCfl BnoaH* hcbhhhoio 
noXBaJib6o», Bo bcskomi cjiyna* dTOTi> mTpnx'B xapTHHbi He noprnTx .. 



w 



XPOHHKA BHTTPEHHEf 3KH3HH. 198 

Becejicwfc CTaRaHa», He tojibko BcnoMHHa.iHCb npeacHie iioxoah, ho h *a- 
MHinjiajiHCb HOBHe. 3n%cb, BtpoaTHie Bcero, CTponjracb iuaHH, Kasrc> 
«otmcthtb HepasyMHHM'b xaaapaMT**; 3a*cb chxt* cejia h hhbm na 
6yflHiifl Ha64rb o6peKa:iHCb MenaM'b h nosapairb*... Ho, ecJiH aro 
TaK'b, to cxo^ctbo Me»ay TpeTbefi JjMofi h BejiHKOKHjiacecKoft apyircn- 
Hoft OKaaeTCff, noacajyft, eme 6ojibrae. 

^to6h HJiJirocTpHpoBaTb ero, a Mort 6h npHBecra hobhS pa^b bi»t- 
jjepseK'b mi> ptqeft r. KoKOBiieBa. Ho mh4 KaaceTca, hto cepaeiHoe 
corjacie uemsj #yMoft h npaBHTejibCTBOM'b, nocKOJibKy tffcjio Kacaeica 
6yjjymaro, HHTepecff&e OTMiTHTb B'b fiojiie o6mefi ero $oput. 
HoBTOMy a conuiiocb Jiyqrae Ha aeoapaijiK) npeackflaTejiH coetTu 
mhhhctpobi. HanoMHro, ibm oH'b BUSBaji'b «nepBiie» amwuitf- 

MeHTH. 

Jlaa bcbtb Tenept CTajio oneBH4HHMT»,— CKa3ajn> r. CTOJiunHH'b, — tto 
paapyniHTejibHoe aBHrneme, co3aaHHoe KpaflHHMH ji*bhmh napiiaMH, nj 
THJiocb bt» OTKpuToe pa36oflHHHecTBO h BU^BHHy^o Bnepe;vb bcb np< : 
o6mecTB6HHue npecTyaHHe BJieMOHTU, paaaopaa necTHHX'B xpy*eHHKoe i, n 
pasBpamaa MOJio^oe noKOJi'BHie... 

(Bypnue anruxoducMeumu cnpaea u e% ueumptb). 

Hocjrfc Toro, Kaffb mm BGayniajiHCb HtcKOJibKO vl jsjuckjjo mv- 
3HKy, btotb aKKop.n'b yae He noKaaceica Hain, CTpaHHHM'b. Mh He aa- 
noA03pHMTb yace, *rro .fljMa aniiJOAHpoBajia wl naHHOin* cjyqai *paa- 
pyniHTeJibHOMy flBH»eHiK)», KOTopoe tnpeBparajiocb B'b otkphtoo pa-v 
6oflHH9ecTBO»... ^aace Bonpoca o tomx, ito hmchho wb npnae^H- 

HOlTb OTpiIBRt BN3BaJ£0 Ub 6H CTOpOHH BHaKH 2CHB4flniar0 0£06p6Hiff, 

mh He nocTaBHirb. ^Jia Hacb coBepnieHHO acHO, ^to npefldtoaTejib 
coBtoa MHHHCTpoB'b aaTpoHyjrb Ty ace cTpyHy, Ha KOTopoS Hanrpu- 

BaJI'B HOTOMfc MHHHCTp'b $HHaHCOB , b. Pa8HHIja B'b TOM'b JIHOIb, TTO T. CtO~ 

jiHHHH'b cxiuiajrB 8to aHepraqHte, saTpoHyjrb CTpyHy CHJbHte. Antno- 
^HCMeHTH, 6jiaro,fl;apa BTOiiy, cpasy nocjHmajiHCb «6ypHHe», — k omr 
rpeM-fciH y»e noTOMi, hohth He yMOjiKaa... 

He aarhirb oflHaKO r. CTOJiwnHH'b HanoMHHJii o «KpafiHHXi jit- 
BHXTb napTiax^>, ^to6h npeflaTbca noToirb BMicrb co cbohmh ciiy- 
maTeJiaMH npiaTHHM'b BocnoMKHaHiaMx. He o GnTBaxi, «rA* BHtm-h 

pyfiHJIHCb OHH», CTaJTb OH'b TOBOpHTb... HtTb, Offb n03flpaBBJTb ^JMJ 

vb HOBiiM-b noxofloirb. H HaAO CKa3aTb, hto ohx bctp4thji^ crb ea 
CTopoHH TaKofi ropaqifi otkjihk^, Ha sasofi He Bcerna fibwa cnocoorra 
^aae KHaacecKaa ^pyacaHa. HanoMHeo: sor^a Hropb saMBicjiflJi'b rob- 
TopHMfi noxoA'b bi» apeBjiaHCKy© seHJiK), to, Kaicb paacKa3biBaeTT. 
.ThToiiHcen.^, owb ycn'b.i'b cooHHTb ki BTOMy pHCKOBaHHOMy npen- 
npiaTiH) Jinnib He3HaiHTejibHyK) ^acTb cBoeft ^pyaaHH. T. CTOJiunHfix 
ace yBJieR'b ho^th bck> ,JjMy.... 



HTaKT*, mh 3arjiaHy.iH b^ caMHfi xpairb KOHCTHTyi^iH... H cpaay 
se ysHAiuui, hto TaMt Haxo^aTca «BtpHue»... ApyxHHHH&H. C% 



IB4 a. mynsxosoBi. 

«KHA8bflicR Mipacero», — Kara ynocTOBipnia «Poccia» — ohh ^OBoparb 
Ha oahoh'b a3HK'b, BOOflymeBJieHbi o^hhmh ^yBCTBaifH, ncnoBtAyrorB 
o,HHy B*py». 0! 9Ta JIjMa yTBepanrB eroflserb h o6HOBJieHHHft CTpoft, 
ecjra 8to tojibko OTb Hea 6yneTb saBHcfrrb, ynpoiHTB. Bo bchkoitb 
cjiyiafe «Hepa8yMHuirB xasapaMx* OHa otmcthtb h apesjiaHCKyi) 
semi) A&HbD CBunie chjtb o6jiojkhtt>... 

III. 

«H He trro--** (Jyaerb!..* 
IIoat> yuapaiiH hbbh* h HSBeyrpH toCHOBJiaaacb* pyccaaa rocy- 
^apcTBeHHOCTb. 06cToaTejn>cTBa npH dTowb cjiosHJiHCb TaKt, mo pe- 
BOJiroijia Haiaaacb paHLme, itm Bofina OKOH^HJiacb. Hirt nosTOMy 
HHiero y^HBHTejiBHaro, hto ffhaTejiii «o6HOBJieHHaro cipoa* o6-b bthxb 
«6HTBarB, 17$ BMicrfc py6MHCb ohh», BcnoMHHarorb — Kara hbi 
TOJibK* mo bha*jih — 6ojH»nieK) toctbk) Biitcpb. Bt uTb najfaTH «Hea- 
Tiie» h «KpacHue» Bparn caHBaroTca, noBH^niioMy, TaKi, se, KaKB 
8th ABa i^fera cjiHBaiDTCfl am Hanrax'b oaat bt, paAysHoifb cneETpfc 
necoMHtHHo, tto ijBiTa pa3Hbie, ho r^h KOH^aeTca oahht* h Haqn- 
HaeTCH apyroft, pasjrareBTb mm He Bt cocTOHHin. HcHxojioriH xobhcb-b, 
HecoiiHtHHO, CKasuBaetCH h b'l pacnopflAKaxt «AOMa». He Bcerfla 
MoacHO oMHHHTb, KaKia nepe^fejiKH nponsBe^eHH Bt HeM-B, ito6h OTpa- 
8HTb y^apu BH r feiiiHHx r L BparoBi, h sarin, qTo6u cjiomhtb HaTHCKB 
BHyTpeHHHXb KpaMOjbHHKOB'L. Eme TpyAfffce OTAiJiHTB BofiHy orb pe- 
bojooiuh vb SjoAHcerb. 

Ob OAHOfi dopoHH, npHTOTOBJieHiff kx peBOjroi^iH Ha^ajiHCb paHbme, 
*rfcirb Hanajiacb BOflHa cb Snomeft. HanoifHi) hIjkotophh u&b otho- 
camnxca eiDfla Miponpiarifi. 20 amapa 1903 ro^a, t. e. noira sa 
HBa ro^a flo paSo^aro mecTBia, kt> KaKOBOicy MHorie npiypoiHBaK>rB 
Ha^ajo pyccKOft peBOJiHHjin, 6hjio yTBepameHO MHtaie rocyaapcTBeH- 
Haro coBtoa oS'b ycHjemn aa oSmerocyAapcTBeHHHfi c^erb noraipa 
B'b C.-HeTepfiyprt. 21 anp*M Toro se ro.ua 6mrb yTBepsja;eH , b sa- 
koht» o $a6pHHHO-3aBOACKofi nojH^H BOo6m;e B'b HMnepia. 5 Haa 
nojiyqnji'B caHKijiK) 3aK0Hi» o nojiHueftcKHXt cTpaacHHKax'b, KaKOBue 
aBJiaiDTca Tenepb rjiaBHOfl onopofi gjia 6opb6n vb peBOJiioniiefi bt> #e- 
peBH*. 4 ^eKa6pa Toro »e ro^a ocofibrarb HOBejitHieM'b OTnymeHO 
1.182,478 py6. Ha pacxoAH no nojraijiH, He no^Jieaamie ooanieHiH)... 
H HanoMHHaK) JHnn> Han6ojite 3HaHHiejibHua accnrHOBaHia, npeAycMO- 
TpHTejibHO paBptmeHHbia B'b 1903 ro^y h BnepBHe BHeceHHiia b-b 
pocnHCb 1904 rofla, — bx Ty caMyro pocnncb, KOTopyio cnimao npHin- 
jocb noToifb nepeAiJiuBaTb wb BHAy HeojsH#aHHo pa3pa3HBmeficH 
boShh cb flnomefi. ^ 

Cii fl,pyrofi CTopoHH, pacxo^u Ha BofiHy npojrojiKaJiHCB h nocit 
xoro, Kaxi MHpb vb flnoHiefi 6hjtb noAnncaffb. ELpo^ojiacaiOTca ohh 
Tenepb, Kor^a ^peBOJiroifla OKOH^njiacb*. SI y»e ynoMaHyjn>, ito bb 
pocnHCb 1906 rofta «Ha pacxojgii, CBasaHHHe '<n> pyccKo-anoHCKofi 



XPOHHKA BHiTPEHHfifl SH3HH. 125 

BOfiHOfi H 6fl nOCJlt^CTBiflMH* HO OTfffcjiy qpe3BOTaftHHX'B TOJIbKO pao 

xojbpb'b 6hjio BHeceHO 6ojibme 400 MHJuriOHOB'b (405.375.775 py6). 
Ho 3thxt> aeHerb OKasajocL HeAOCTaTorao h bi» Teieme A*flcTBia 
pocnncH 1906 ro;i;a noTpe6oBajiocb, KaK'B oStacHeHO b-l cooSmeHin 
MHHJfCTpa $HHaHC0B , B orb 1 HHBapa 1907 r., ^onojiHHTejibHoe accnr- 
HOBame wb 62 mhjijl py6, Bt 1907 ro^y Ha TaKie ace «pacxo,n;bi 1 
CBflaaHHHe cl pyccKO-anoHCKOfi BoflHofi h en nocjrfcACTBiaMH», omy- 
meHO wb $opM4 BpeMBHHHX'L KpeftHTOB'B 123.824.777 py6. HaKOHeECb, 
xenepb. no npoeKTy pocnacn Ha 1908 rojyb, HcnpamaBaeTca HaTort 
se npeflnerb 66.687.811 py6. 

SI OTM'iTHJi'b HiKOTopua accHrHOBama, KOToptia, TaKt cKasaTb, 
HenocpefldBeHHo cBasaHH, ct oflaoft ctopohu, ct> peBojiioijiett, cl 
^pyroft — cb BOfiHOio. Hxb BceTa,KH mokho 6hjeo 6h pa3rpaHHqHTb, 
xoTfl ohh h coBnajiH bo BpeMeHH. Ho Bi,nb 6hjtb npoH3B6AeH^ em;e 
n$m& pflA'B ^HHancoBHX'B onepaijifi noa* HepasnijibHHM'L, Tatn> cRa- 
3aTL, BjiiflHieifb boAhh h peBOjnonja. HanoifHio xoth 6bi toti* caMBift 
aaeM'B, KOTopmrb noxBajiajica r. KoKOBueBx, — craaeMt, npaB^a, ho 

BT> MHJJliapA'b, a BT> 843 MHJIJliOHa>... C^ KaKOH) I$JlbH) OHT. 6hWh 

3aKjrioqeHi? Rssl Toro jih, qTofibi OManaTb nopaaceme, HaHeceHHoe 
flnoHiefl, mh fljia Toro, qTo6bi ompasflHOBaTb no6*hjiy Hajrb peBOjiK)- 
ijiefl? Ckojibko hs'b rixx 44 mhju. py6., KOTopwe 3Haqaica Tenepb 
bt> pocnncH Ha ynjiaTy npoueHTOB'b no 9T0My safiaiy, mh aoajKHH no- 
CTaBHTb Ha cqer* anoHn.aii'b h cKOJibKO — Ha cqerb KpanojibHHKaM'L? 
OTBiTHTb Ha btopb Bonpoct, a flyMaio, aaTpyjiHHjica 6h flaace 
mhhhctp^ $HHaHCOB , b. ,9^a Hero aceaTbifi h Kpacmjfi EyrtTa, KaKb ;i 
yace CKaaajrb, cjHBaioTca h pa3rpaHnqHBaTb hxt* oht* He bhahtb naace 
HaiofiHOCTH. n. H. Mhjuokob-b bt» cBoefl pirn OTMiTHJTb, qio no;vb 
ofimairb HaHMeHOBameirb «pacxo«OB , b, CBa3aHHiix r b cb pyccKO-;noH- 
cKolt boAhok) h ea nocjrfcflCTBiHMH> b-b npoeKT-B pocnBca BHeceHH 
8 mhjm. py6jiefl Ha «co«ep»aHie BTopooqepeAHbixi* Mo6ujiH30BaHHHxx 
KasaqbHXt qacTeft, HecymHX'b cJiyafiy no oxpaHi BHyTp^HHaro no- 
pa^Ra, h Ha AonojHHTejibHoe ^OBOJibCTBie boAckobbix^ qacTefl, KOMaH- 

AHpOBaHHHX'B JW& CO^tfiCTBia rpaJKAaHCKHMTb BJiaCTflMT**. Hy, qTO-JFCb 

TaKoe! — OTBirajTb mhhhctp'l $HHaHCOB'b... BnpoqeM'b, ero b3bojiho- 
BaHHyio h noxoiiy, 6htb iioaeT'b, HtcKOjibKO 6e3eBH3Hyio penjiHKy 
Jiy^tme 6yAerB nepe^aTb houjihhhhmh ero cjiOBaMH: 

yKaaaHO, ito 3th 8 mhjijl py6.,— cKaaajn* oht*, — H^yn Ha coflepacaHie 
BTopooqepeAHLix'b KasanbHX-b nojiKOB-b, KOTopue 6biJiH npH3BaHbi Ha cjiy^cdy 
fljra cofl-bflcTBia hojihixih, h yKa3aH0 6ujio, hto, KaaceTCH, 8Tott> pacxofl*b ho 

HaXO^HTCa HH BT> KaKOMT> COOTHOUieHiH CT> HOCJl-BACTBiaMH pyCCKO aQOHCKOIi 

BOHHbi. Ra., cb nocji'BACTBiaMH pyccKo-anoHCKofl bohhh oht> He Haxo^HTca 
hh bt» KaKOMT» cooTHOineHm, oht* yKaaaHt b*b py6pHK'B HpeaBUHafiHHX'b pac- 
xoAOB*b soeHHaro B-BAOMCTBa, ho 3th pacxo^bi no cymecTBy CBoeMy ^pe3- 
BuqaHHbi, h bt> cm*btb o6i>acHeHO *), hto 8 mhjiji. py6. TpaTaTca Ha coAep- 



*) He JiHmHe 6y;jerb HanoMHHTb, ^to ,o6*bflCHeHie bt> cm'bt'b* Hwfeei b 
coBepmeHHO hhoo -aHa^eHie, tbm'b HaaMeHOBaHie h, rjiaBHoe, ^HOitep-b* 4 , ncu/h 



116 A. HOTflEXOHOBT.. 

aaHie BTopooiepeAHBix'B KasaiBRXi* hojikobi. npHBaeieHHBix'B na cjiy»6y 
ma coabhctbIh nojiHairr. 

Hto 3to Tatcoe, paoxoA* ooHKHOBeHHBift hjih qpesBBwaHHBift? KaKoro 
poAa pacxoABi ipesBBinaftHBie 6bijih mhoio ceroAHa nepeincjieHti? BTopoft 
nyHKTB 3thx , b pacxoAOBi— pacxoAH na BoflHy, BoeHHHfl 3KCiie^HuiH. HapoA- 
HBia 6*^cTBia, anHAeMin h ap«; hto 3to, He HapoAHBia 6*ACTBia, BHyTpeHHie 
6yurul He ajih aToro KaaaibH noJiicn b3htbi co JibroToft, He ^Jia Toro ohh 
BsaTBi Ha a"BflcTBHTejiBHyK) cjiy«(5y noMoraTb nojmniH, noTOMy hto icaaajiocb 
Heo6xoj^HMUM% ooeperaTB nanrB BHyTpeHHifi noicofi, ito6bi ohhtb ne hobto- 
Phjihcb BHaMennTUfl HJuiioMHHanjH? Vjft Tyn> m-bcto rji& Kaicnx-B-To „MaHH- 
nyjranjfl - , o KOTopuxt 6tuia ceroAHa pfcHB? 

(AtiTuodiiCMenmu cnpaea; WAOca: «Bnpuo! u ). 

KoHeiHo, BtpHo! HnnaKHXt «MaHHnyjHmi8» TyrL irfvrB... Tain* 
Ka3aKH ApaJiHCB n Tyr& AepyTca, a cb k^m^ flepyTca— ct> HHonie- 

MCHHHKaMH HJIH COOTe^eCTBeHHHKaMH— 8T0 COBepnieHHO (5e3pa3JlHqHO... 
Pa3*B flJIfl HHXT> 8TO 6e3pa3JIHqH0, TO AM HaCB CTaHOBHTCJI T&BrL 

6ojrte TpyAHHM'B pa3rpaHHHHTL, qTo cfliHiaHo b*b rocyAapcTBeHHofi 
pocnncn hoa'b MiflHieirB boHhbi h qTo boa* BJuameM'B peBOJiioipH. 

IIOMHMO CaMBIX'B CBOflCTB*B CiOlJKeTa, 3T0My npenaTCTByrorB H C^eTO- 

BOAHBifl ero ocofieHHOCTH. Mbi BLiHy^AeHH noaTOMy b3htb $aKTB, KaET> 
oht> ecTB, — He Ataafl pasjinqiB weamy rharB, qio c^tjiaHO bt> «cTa- 
poirB aom*> bti HHTepecaxTb hckohhoU rocyaapcTBeHHoit saAaqn-- 
BH4mHe8 oCopoHBi cTpaHBi, h mo nepe^tJiaHO bt* newh paflH 6osb- 
muvb y,n;o6cTB , B «o6HOBJieHHoft> jkh3hh, Han6oji48 xapaKTepHHirb 
npojiBJieHiejrb KOTopoft cqHTaeTCii BHyTpeHHee «ycnoRoeHie». ^jih btok) 
AOCTaTOiHo 6yAerB, KaKT. a yse cRa3ajrB bt> Haqajrfe, no3HaKOMHTBca 
c/b o6njefi njiaHHpoBKofl «o6HOBJieHHaro» ^oiia. Bt btiixi BH^axt, 
RaKi mh4 KaraeTca, Jiyqroe Bcero cpaBHHTB HbiHiiiraiS 6K)A«erB ct» 

npe3KHHM7>. 

^m cpaBHema a BoaBiiy pociracH 1903 h 1908 rr, *). OcTa- 



KOTOpBIMT> paCXOABI BHeceHBI B*B pOCHBCB. OS'BeAnHHB'B B"B HOCwTBAHefi 0(5mHMl 

w HOMepoM*B" HpeaBHiaflHBie pacxoAH Ha BoflHy h Ha BHyrpeHHioio cjiy»6y, 
* npaBHTeJiBCTBO t*bmt» caMBiMT* oTKpBiJio juisl ce6a B03M0»CH0CTb „c6epe3KeHia* 
no OAHOMy naparpa$y cm*btbi, OTHocsmefica ki» 9T0My HOMepy, o6pamaTB Ha 
„8KCTpeHHBia bt. Teneme ro^a HaaooHOCTH" no Apyrony naparpa^y. TaKHMi 
oo'pasoM'B, ecJiH pocnncB 6yAeT*B yTBepacAeHa, icaia* OHa npoeKTH[)OBaHa, to 
npaBHTejiBCTBO HM'fceT'B npaBO o6paTHTB A^HBrH, accnrHOBaHHua Ha hojih- 
n;eficKyio cjiyac6y bohcki, Ha JinKBiiaauijo boAhr ct» ilnoHiefi h, Hao6opoT*B, 
c6epexcenia no JiiiKBHAai^iH— otfpa-rnTB Ha ycMHpeHie KpaMOJibHHKOB'B. KpoM* 
aToro npenMymecTBa ,HOMepa a , n HaHMeHOBauie ero Harfeerb cboio ncnxojio- 
rnHecKyio ix'BHy: HHKaKHX'B ipeaBBiqaflHbix'b pacxoAOBi> Ha peBOJUonJK) no 
POCHHCH H6 bhaho. 

*) Pochhcb 1908 r. HM'feeTfia noica Jinnib bt> npocKT-B, ho npn tomi> eAH- 
HOAytnin, KaKoe Ha6jiH)AaeTca Meac^y AyMCKHMt 6ojibuiRHCTBOM , b h npaBR- 
TejrbCTBOMt* Moacno 6biTB yB'BpeHHWM'b, ito aTOTij npoeKT'b 6yAeTT> yTBep- 
jKAGHt ^eat cymecTBeHHbixx H3M-BHeHifl. PaAH KpaTKOCTH, h bt» AaJibH"BH- 
meMX HBJioHteniH a 6yAy HasbiBaTb ero npaMO pocnncbio. Bm'Bcto pocnHCH 
1908 roAa mohcho 6bijio 6kt, KOHe^iHO, BsaTb oTHeTi* rocyAapcTBeHHaro koht- 
pojia 3a tott» »ce toa^- Ho a c^maio ne cobc*m*b npaBHjibHbiM'b cpaBHHBarb 
MpxcAy co6ok> .npennojioaceuia" no OTHOineflijo kt» 6jQWKeTy oAHoro roAa 



V 

XPOttHttA flfiTTPEHHEfi WH3WH. 127 

HaBJiHBaa cBOft Bti6op , L Ha hhx'b, a bobco He xoqy 9TfiMi> csa- 
zwrb, hto no 190J3 r. HHKaKHX'b npuroroBjieBifi kt> peBOJiioniH He 
Aijrajiocb h *rro nocjrfe 1908 r. HHKaKHX'b pacxoAOB-b na anoHCKyH) 
boAhv ne 6yAerB. Hirb! AccHrHOBKa bt> A^a cjraniKOM'b MEJuiona Ha 
nojiHC^eflcKyro cTpaacy bt* 3aKaBKa3bfc bhochtch m> pocnach Ha ocho- 
BaHin saKOHa, H3AaHHaro eme bx 1899 roAy; nepBaa mi* cepiH 
KpynHHxi> npH6aBOK^, Ram A*aaK>Tca sa noaitnHee BpeMa eaceroAHO 
Ha Kopnycb acaHflapMOB*, cocToajiacb eme bt> 1901 r. n t. a- Toiho 
TaE*B ace h «pacxoAM, cBasaHHbie cb pyccKO-anoHcaoro bo9hoh> h ea 

HOCJltffCTBiHMH*, BX OCOfieHHOCTH eCJH nOAT» HHMH H BnpeAb 6jN[Tb 

pasyiitTBCfl pacxoAH «Ha AonojiHiixejibHoe #OBOJibCTBie BoftcKOBb^ 
sac reft, soviaa AHpoBaHHbiX'b am coAtficTBia rpaacAaHCKHMTi BJiacTHBrb 
HecoMHtHHo, bt» 1908 roAy em;e He oKomaTca, a 6yAyr& npoH3BO- 
AHTbca h flaa&me... ^to KacaeTca o6mnx , b pacxoflOBx Ha BoftHy h 
peBOJooijiK), — Bt bhaIj, HanpaMtpt, npoijeHTOBt no safiMaM'b, — to 
H36aBHMca mm orb hhxt>, HecoMHiHHo, He CKopo... fl 6epy a«*h cpaB- 
HeHia 1903 ro^, b^ kotopomb ne 6biao emo BoeHHbiX'b A*ftcTBift, h 
1908 Toxb, bt> KOTopoMi>, b'b BHfly AOCTHrHjrraro «ycaoKoema», He 
npeAycMaTpHBaeTca yace peBoaroitfoHHbJX'b noTpaceHill. Bt> npoMe- 
acyTicfc MeacAy bthmh, hmohho, roAaMH «o6HOBHjiacb» pyccaaa rocy- 

AapCTBeHHOCTB... 

Ec.ih mr opaBHHMT> 6joA»eTHbie iiTora sa 1903 « 1908 toah, to 
nojyqHM'B Taaia un$pu: 

Bt» MHJiJiioHaxt pytfjxeft. 
1908 r. 1908 r. 

0<5hkhob#hhm# pacxMbi • • • 1.8s0,4 2.317,5 

n P ©8BU4aftEWt > ... 191,3 198,0 



HToro. . .2.071,7 [2.515,5 



3a uhtb Art 6K)AserL yBeJiaqajica hotih Ha noji'b-MftMiapAa. 
3to yBejiH i ieHie naAaert Bcen,ijio na o6uitHOBeHHue pacxoAu; hst. 
8Toro cjitjiyeTTb, hto b'b homi* Hirt qero-auOo iKCTpaopAHaapHaro, 
CBoiicTBeHHaro tojibko 1908 r., — oho yace Bonuo bt> HOpMy. 

3a npeA r i>HAymee mnajitTie (1898 — 1903 toah) o6uKHOBeHHHe 
pacxoAM B03pacjiH Ha iy ace npH6;iH3HTe;ibH0 cyMiiy (Ha 530.3 mhjijl 
py6.). TaKiiMx oSpaaoarb, «o6HOBjieflie» Poccia He ocTaHOBHJio hxt. 
HapocTaHia,— Aaace TeMnt btoto HapocTaHia ocTajca upeacHHiTL. 

TpoMaAHBie pa3Mtpi>i pyccaaro rocyAapcTBeHHaro OeoAaceTa npH 

KpafiHe HH3K0MT> COCTOaHill Up0H3B0AHTeiIbHtlX'b CHiTb CTpaHH H 8K0- 

HOMh'iecKaro nojioaceHia HacejieHia yace Aa^flO oGpan^ajia Ha ce6a 



cb „BLmojiHeHieMT> - ero bt* ^pyroM'b ro^y. Hpii BbiuoaHeHin pocnacb 1903 r 
noTepnfcJia ^OBOJibHO cymecTBeHHhia HSM-fcHeHifl, uo B03M0)kho, hto h poc- 
nMCb 19U8 r., nocxb cBoero yTBepac^eHia, 0Ka»eTca BtinoJiHeHHofl ct ne 
MeH-he 3ua4UTe.ibUbiMu 0TCTynJietii>iMH. CpaBiiaTb uxi> ci> dTofi tohkh sp'bHiH 
nopa HacTyniiTL uo3»;e. lloKa ace cpaBHU&rb .npeAHOJioaceHia", KaKia HM'fia^cL 
Tor^a a KaKia hmiioxch T»uepb. 



128 a. n^nrEXOHOBt. 

BHHMame, a HeofibreaflHO 6hctpmS pocrt rocy^apcTBeHHwrL pacxo* 
BOB*, oSHapyacHBmiftcji wb ocoSeHHOCTH cb Haqajia 90-x^ roaoBB,— 
mcmkho cKa3aTB, cb Toft caMofi nopu, KaKt HanajiHCB roaoflHbie ro^Bi,— 
flan BcfexTb, kto cMOTpt.i'B npaMO bb raaaa fliiScTBHTejiBHOCTH, npefl- 
cTaBJAJCfl npflMO yrposaromHanb. «Hapo£Hue dphShteh* — KairB he 
CTapaacfl r. BHrre saBtpHTB bt> hpothbhomb, ho sto flJia Bcixt 6mo 
jeicho — na^arorB, a rocynapcTBeHBbie pacxoflbi Taira 6bicrpo pacryTB... 
Hto se, B'B kohi;* kohijobb, noay^HTCfl? — cb TpeBoroio cnpamHBajiH 
ce6a HaOJiro^aTejiH. nojiymaacB peBOJHontia... 

TeaepB mh shbcm'b B'B «o6HOBjeHHOMB» crpoi. Mbi nepeKHUH 
THSceJiyio bh4iuhk)io BofiHy h BeJHKyK) BHyrpeHHiOH) cMyiy. Bb Ha- 
poAHOMT> ^ocToaHiH, HecoMHiHHo, npoH3ome.iB rpoMaflHufl ymep6B.. 
Ho 3a to rocyAapcTBeHHLifl MexaHH3MB h3m4hhjich... OKasHBaeTCfl" 
OAHaKO, HTO H B'B 06H0BJieHH0M'B BHfli ohb npoflOjacaerB pa6oTaTB 
no npeacHeMy: Bee bb 6o.ibinHX'B h 6ojbmHX'B pa3M*hpaxB pa36pacBi- 
BaerB HapoflHBiH fteHBrH. 

^arae r. KoKOBijeB'B noqyBCTBOBajiB, noBH^HMOMy, HeaoBKOCTb 
bbiEth cb TaKHM'B annapaTOMB Ha ny6jiHKy h npofleMOHcrpHpoBaTb 
ero B'B KanecTBt hobhhkh. Oh-b npasnajicji, nw annaparB crapbifl, 

HO TOJIBKO nOTOMy... 1TO 06HOBHTB ero HeB03iM0JKH0. IIo K0HT6KCTJ 
pt^LH MHHHCTpa $HRaHCOBB COBepmeHHO HeJIb3fl IIOHflTB, BB Ka^ecTBi 

^ero ohb npeno^HecB cjiymaTejiflMB iiocjiiflHee yTBepjKjjeHie: He to 

B'B Ka^eCTB* OflHOJt H3B «HeiipeJIOaiHLIX'B HayqHbJX'B HCTUffB*, ^HCJIO 

kotophx'b, no ero MHtHiio, «bb c^epfc ^HHaHcoBB BecbMa orpaHH- 

*ieHO», He TO BB Ka^ieCTBt OflHOTO H3 , B «Cy6BeKTHBHBIXB BSTJEflflOBB 

h cnopHBix'B nojioacemfi*. Ho ^to 6ij sto hh Cbijio— piflKOCTHaa jlm 
bte> $HHaHcoBofi c^epi «Henpejio3KHaa HCTiina* h.ih ace Bbipocmee Ha 
«nmpoKOM'B nojii» firopoKpamqecKaro ycMOTpiHia «cnopHoe hojio- 
5KeHie», — cymHOCTB ero (hjih ea) TaKOBa: 

OHHaHcoBaa CHdeMa KajK^aro rocyaapcTBa ecrb hjio.h'b bIikoboh paGoTbi 
U'bjihx'b noKOJTBHifl; OHa paaBHBaeTca bm'bctb cb HcropieB h caMoio «H3BbH) 
rocy^apcTBa h cHJibHlie GojiBinHHCTBa OTpacjiefi rocynapCTBeHHaro ynpaBJie- 
Hia, conpoTHBJiaeTca bchkhmt, nonbiTKasfB BHecTH p*B3Kia h 6bicTpbia hsm*- 
iieHia B'B ea oKp-Bninift yiuia^Ti, no KaKHM'B 6u ocHOBamaMT. hh CTpeMHJiHCb 
BHecTH 3th p'BSKia H3MfeHeHia oT.zj'BJiBHbiH JiHixa, — 6y^b to rocy^apCTBeHHBie 

JIIOAH HJIH 06meCTBCHHBie MOHTaTeJIH... 

IlepBbie bb yro^y hocji4juihmb ,zi;a»e anHTeTB «HeorpaHH^eHHHft* 

BB npMMtHeHiH K*B BepXOBHOfi BJiaCTH COrJiaCH.IHCB H3B OCHOBHBlX'b 

saKOHOB-B BuqepKHyTB, ho mto6h nepeMtHHTb $HHaHCOByio cncTeMy... 

HtTT,! 9TO HeB03M03iHO... 

Flo cnpaBe^jiHBOCTH mo»ho cKa?aTb, hto He Harajiocb eme TaKoro 
pBraara, <5y#b to ApxHMeAOB'B pn^ar'B, kotophh Mon> 6u KpyTO nepeBep- 
HyTb bch) $HHaHcoByio CHCTeaiy rocy^apcTBa, noTOMy hto ^aa Tanoro hobo- 
poTa He HaftaeTca ,a;ocTaTOHHO TBep^ofl to i ikh onopti... 

0! ecjiH 6h TaKofi pu^arB h Taiwan TBep^as To^Ka onopbi HainJincb 
6h! Tor,n,a, KOHe^HO, HbiFfenraiii mhhhctp'b $HHaHC0B'B corjiacnjicfl 6bi 



XPOHHKA BHyTPEHHEfl KH3HH. 129 

curpatB poJtB ApxHMe.ua... Ho hx* whvb. «CoKpamaTb pacxojpi jierKO 
tojilko bt> piiaxt h Ha fiyjiart, Ha caMOM'B ace j&Jib HirB Tpyaa 6ojrfce 
HeSjaro^apHaro, KaK'B Tpy;vB no coKpameHiro rocyaapcTBeHHLix'B pa- 

CXOAOBt, COBOKyHHOCTb KOHXt, HO CBH3H HXT> CB KH3HBK) BCeft CTpaHBI, 

HanoMHHaeT'B HCKycHyro, a HHorjja h HCKyccTBeHHyio i$nB»... H He 
CTaHeT r b ace MHHHCTp'B $HHaHC0B , L paspymaTB BTy i$hb ^aace B*B 
HCKyccTBeHHofi ea qacrH. 

CrpaHa MoacerB, BnpoqeM'b, yrfcuiHTBca... I\ KoKOBijeB'B He p*fc- 
innjica, noBH^HMOMy, BocnojiB30BaTLCH i^wb yrfemeHieM'B, rt> KaKOMy 
npafiirajTB b^ TaKHX'B cjiyqaax'B b^ cbob BpeMa r. Barre. Ho Kpaft- 
nefi Mtpt, b-b CBoefi jjeoapaijiH HaaeraTB Ha to, qTO «HapojiHHe 
npH6tiTKH B03pacTaiorB», ofb He cra-TB. Ho y Hero nanuiocB apyroe 
yTimeHie: rooyaapcTBemiBie pacxoflbi cb «rk;yrB ace hoctohhctbom , b» 
h cb <ctok) ace 6bicTpoTOK)» pacTyrB bo BcfcxT* dpaHax'B: bo *paHuiH, 
Ahtjuh, TepMaHiH, Eeabrin, HlBefiitapiH, HrajiiH... HpeflcraBHTeJib 
npaBHTejbCTBa, KOTopoe HMterb bo Bcfcx'B bthx-b CTpaHax* KOHcy- 
job'b h iyTB jh flaace He ocoSmxt* $HHaHC0BHX'B areHTOB-B, a y ce(5a 
AOMa uijibifi pa;vB «yqeHbix , B KOMHTeTOB>B» cb ocoShmh «yqeHBiMH 
ceKpeTapHMH» npa hhx'b, mofb 6li, KOHeqHO, jjaTB no aTOMy Bonpocy 
caMyio To^Hyro h HayqHO ofiocHOBaHHyK) cnpaBKy. Ho r. KoKOBnjeB'B — 
pa^H sammeS y6iAHTejiBHOCTH, MoaceTi> 6bitb, — npeanoqeji'B saHaTb 
bt> ^aHHOM'B cjiyqai 8$$eKTH0-He6peacHyK) no3y: oh-b cpaBHHJTB $pan- 
D,y3CKie pacxo^bi 3a 1875 h 1905 roflti, mBefiaapcKie 3a 1850 h 
1900, .HTajibaHCKie 3a 1890 h 1905 — 6, repjiaHCKie 3a 1874 h 
1907. Ctohtb jih, b% caMOM'B atjrk, nosHCKHBaTB crpaHH h nepiojjH, 
KOTopbie naafioji'te noflxoflHJiH 6u no cbohmtb ycjioBiaM'B kb rbwb, 
bt> KaKHX'B naxo^HTCH cefiqacB Poccia? Ctohtte* m phtbch bt> I(h$- 
pax-B, qTOOH B3HTB fljia cpaBHcma xoth 6h o^hh h t4 ace roflti?.. 
I],H$pH — Bt^B 3to TaKan cKyqHaa MaTepia. H BceTaKH, KaK'B mh* 
KaseTca, mhhhctp'b $HHaHC0B'B npoHBHJi'B HiKOTopuft h36htok , b ne- 
6peacH0CTH. J^aace, cb ero to^kh sptma, noKonaTbca b^ i^H^pax^ 
ctohjio 6u h, nanpHM'hp'B, t* ace repMaHCKie 6rofl,aceTH cji^OBajio 6u 
nepecMOTpiTB 3a 6ojite AOJirifi cpoK'B. Ecjih 6h w& cpaBHema cb 
1907 iujom'b B3aTB He 1874, a, HanpuMip'B, 1870 ron'B, to OKaaa- 
jiocB 6h, qTO b*b 1870 rojiy (Kor^a repMaHCKaa HMnepia eme ne cy- 
mecTBOBajia) pacxo^Bi cockflirflro q^ HaMH rocy^apcTBa paBHHJiHCB 
HyjK), a TenepB — 2397 mhjji. MapoKii... KaKoft 8$$eKTHHfi— npaMO 
nopa3iiTeJiBHbifi-— buboa'b Moarao 6hjio 6h CA r hJiaTb: 3a 37 jiivb rocy- 
AapcTBeHHHe pacxo^bi B03pacjiH bt> 6e3KOHeqHoe qncjio pa3*B. Ecjih 
ace 9TorB bhboa'b noKa3awicfl 6h qpe3MipH0 a^h HacB yTtmHTejiB- 
hbbtb, to MoacHO 6biao 6h b3htb 1871 hjih 1872 toa'b. BnpoqeM'B, 

MHHHCTp'B $KHaHCOB'B HOTOMy, 6blTB MOacePB, H B3HJI , B 1874 TOA'B, 

qTO bhboa'b npa 3tomi> KaK'B pas^ HOJiyqHJICH BT. Mtpy. ToBOpflTTh, 
b^b, qTO HeCpeacHHH no3bi noTOMy tojh>ko 6MBaiOT , B HHor^a 8$$eKTHH, 
qTO oh4 HanepeA'B Tm;aTejiBHO pa3cqnTaHH. 

KaK'B 6h to hh 6hjio, yTimeme mu HMieMi*. Bx eaMOMi* ^feai: 
,HeKa6ph. Owkni, II. 9 



ISO a. nimiioHOBi. 

ecj[H A&&e bt» urbrB CTpafiaxi, Haropia kotophtb cxosenjacB cpe^e 
ycjioBifi MeHte TarocTHHX'B, Heacejm rfc, KOToptia coBAaan Hame OTe- 

MeCTBO», B'B <TtrB CTpaHaXTb, KOTOpEIfl He 8aK0H1MH tojibeo ito, 

Kara mh, pa33opHT6JibHyH) h ofiHAHyio am Hamero caMOJirofiiH BOfiHy, 
KOTopwa He nepeKHjH no8opHMXi> MjroifHHanifi h ApyrHXT> npoaBJieflifi 
BaH^ajiH8Ha». rocyAapcTBeHHbie pacxoAU 6hctpo paaryrB, to mh-to 
h no£aBHO pa36pacmBaTb HapoAHEia ACHBrH MoseifB... 

Ho $HHaHCOBfiift annaparB, Kpoirt paBfipacHBama HapoAHHX'b 
peccypcoBi,, ppmewb enje h BHKaiHBaTB hxb. Hocmotphitb Ha Hero 

H CB 8TOfi CTOpOHH. CpaBHHlTB, KaKTb OHT> pa60TaJTB HHTB JiiTh TOMJ 

HasaAT* h KaKi 6yAerB pa6oTaTB Tenept. 06uKHOBeHHEix^ aoxoaobx 
upeAnoJioaseHo: 

no pocnHCH 1903 r 1.897,0 mhjui. py6. 

» » 1908 r 2.318,9 » 

Pa3HHH,a Tose ho^th bi nojnb-MHjrjriapAa. BuKaqHBaromaa qacn> 
MexaHnsMa, cy&a no dTOMy, hhckojibko ho OTcraerB bt» CBoefi pa- 
6ot4 otb paa6pacHBaiomett. IIpaBAa, bc4 KpyroM'B roBoparB — h 
II. H. Mhjhokob'b bt» CBoefi pt^H oco6eHHO HaaerajrB Ha 8to,— *jto 
xenepb cncTeiia HCHHCJieHia aoxoaob'b ynoTpe6jeHa HHaa, vkwb npaK- 
THKOBajiacB npeacAe. PaHBiue — no saBeAeHHOMy npn C. 10. Barre 
nopflAKy — annaparB nycK&aca b'b a*Jio <vb TaKHMx pascqeTOMx, ^to6h 
BHKaqarb Combine, *Lbwb ckojibko npeAnoaarajiocB no pocniicH. Bb 
tomt» ae, HanpHMtp'B, 1903 roAy oCEiKHOBeHHHX'B aoxoaob'b b'b A^fi- 
CTBHTeju>HocTH nocTynajio 2,031,8 mhjui. py6. BM-fccTO npeAnojioaceH- 
EUTb no pocnHCH 1.897,0 mhjui. py6., t. e. Ha 134,8 mhjui. py6. 
CoJiBme. B'B Apyrie toah 8Ta pasHHija Aocrarajia h eme 6ojrhe Kpyii- 
BUTb uh$pt>. Tanaa cncTeMa HCMHCJieHia aoxoaob'b npaRTHKOBajacB 

H3-B «0CT0p0KH0CTII>, — nOHyTHO SCO, EaK'B 6bl HeB3Ha*dft, B'B paCHO- 

paaeHinnpaBHTejiBCTBae»eroAHOOKa3iiiBajracB «cBo6oAHaa HajraqHOCTb*, 
sHaiHTejiLHOH) ^acTBio KOTopott oho, A*flcTBHTejiBHO, pacnopaacajiocb 
coBepmeHHO cbo6oaho, He crfccraa ce6a aaKHMH-To TaMx pocnncaMH. 
KpoM* Toro, h $HHancoBoe 6jiaronojiyqie AeMOHcrpapoBaJiocb vh noji- 

HOK) AJIfl BCtXl O^eBBAHOCTBH): AGHbrfl, M02KH0 6lIJI0 TOBOpHTb, TeKyTB 
B'B TaKOMTE. KOJHqeCTBi B'B Ka3Hy, B'b KaKOMl* HX'B A^e He OfflH- 

AarorB. 

Ho pocnHCH 1908 r. o6HKHOBeHHHe aoxoah ncracjieHH, Kas'b 

yTBepKAaiOT'B, B'B MaKCHMa-lBHOM'B H, CblTb MOHCeTTb, fiflMQ IipeyBCJIH- 

leBHOM'B pasMipi. Bo-SMoacflo, hto BHKaqaTb cTOJibao, CKOJibKO npeA- 
nojioateHO, noAaTHofl MexaHHSifB OKaweTca Aa^e He bt> cocToamH. 
Hy»HO CKasaTB, qxo mhhhctp'b $HHaHCOB'B, OTBiqaa II. H. Mbj©- 
itOBy, ne OTpHuaji'B Toro, ^to aoxoah BcqacjieHH npaBHjibHo. TaKOB'b 
yarB Mofi o6u^afi, — noacHHji'B r. KoKOBiteBTb h b'b A0Ka3aTejibCTB0 
9Toro cocjajica Ha pocnHCb, KaK^ OKa3ajiocB, cocTaBJieHHyio He HBfb, 
a ApyraMTb mhhhctpom'b. ^oaaceHTb CKa3aTB, ^ito a iinqHO sthmt. Bonpo- 
comx He 8aHHMajica h yTB«p»AaTb, ^to b'b 1908 roAy noAaTHofi m«- 






XP0HHRA BHTTPEHHEft 2KH8HH. 1S1 

xaHHSM'b cBofioflHofi HainiHOCTH He aacrb, — He pinrajcH 6u. Mory 
Jinrab yaocTOBipHTB, mo npn cocTaBjremH pocnncn «cBo6oflHOft Ha- 
jihtoocth* He 6emo, h bt> btowl OTHomemH 1908 ro^b, HecoMffhHHO, 
OTjiH^aeTCH on. 1903 rojia. MpeaBHqafiHue pacxopi npeflnojioseHO 
noKpuTb: 

, MnjuiioHM py6jiefi. 

1903 r. 1908 r. 

OcraTKOMi on» oohkhob. GroaaceTa. , . . , 16,7 1,4 

BRjia^aMH b*b Toe. 6aHKT> Ha b-bihoo BpeMa . 2,5 1,0 

Hal CBODOAHOH HJUIHHHOCTH 172,1 — 

Or* B03BpaTa ccyai, BbjflaHHUX'B H3% npoAOB. 

KanHTajia — 6,0 

On> npoflaaii KpynHoft roc. co6ctb6Hhocth . — 0,1 

Orb npeflCTOHmHX , b Kpe^HTH. onepaitffi. . . — 189,6 

HToro 191,3 198,0 

BirfccTO «cbo6oahoS HajroiHocTH* oaBHUH HaaesjflK npninjioch 
Tenepb bo3Jiokhtb Ha RpeflHTHHH onepaijiH, a Roe-Ram — Ka»e Ha 
panhe roiOAaBniHX'b, oqeBHjjHO, npn npeanoaoaeHiH, mo Tenepb-To 
ohh yace HaB/fcpHoe npeCuBaiorB bt, AOBOibCTB*. Ho sto erne He ao- 
KasaTejbCTBO, ROHeino, hto ri Romjy rofla «CBo6o,HHoft h8Jih^hocth» 
He fiyaerb... 

Ecjh AoxoAHaa nacTb $HHaHCOBaro annapaia aiftcTBHTejibHO He 
tojilro He onepeaaerB, RaK* bto 6hjo npea^e, ho aasce Haqaja ot- 
cxaBaTB orb pacxo,KHoft, to ee, b^b, mohho ycnjiHTb. H npaBHTeJib- 
ctbo, HecoMH*HHO, 8T0 cfliaaerb. Btb ra36Tax^ yace noaBMOcb H3Bt- 
crie, mo we cob4t4 mhhhctpobx pa3CMaTpHBaeTca h vjn> ra He 
OAo6peHi» npoeRTB SHawTeabHaro yBejHqema cTaBOR'b naccastHpcRaro 
Tapn<j>a. Cy&a no TOMy, *rro npaBHTeabCTBO HaraHaerb vb 3Toro 
ROHnia, mosho .nyMaTb, mo qyBCTByeTca noTpeCHoarb ^aTb aapa6o- 

T0RT> He TOJIbKO 0311*, HO H laCTHbUTb HpeflnpHHHMaTeJIflM'b Vh AVUJk 

aceji'h3HOrtopo«HHROB , b. y npaBHTejibCTBa HaftsyTca, roho^ho, h apyrie 
choco6h ycHJiHTb fliflcTBie HajioroBoro Hacoca. H rto 8Haerb, — ycn- 
jeHHbifl inyM-b, RaRoft noflHffrb bx TpeTbeft ^yirt orojo HapoflHaro 
nbHHGTBa, He npHBe^erb jh bte* kohi^ RomjOB'b, RaR*b sto h paHbme 
b/b TaKHXt cjiyqaflxi, 6biBajio, rt> ycHJemio HajoroBoro oCjiosema. 
Bo bcbrom'b cjiyiai ofijierqema Hapoay B'b BTofi c$ept <o6HOBJieH- 
Hbifi CTpofl* He npHHecb. H npHHecra He Morb, — yTBepa^aerb r. Ko- 

KOBI^eB-b. 

fl yace npnBO#HJTb sto m^cto h3t> Aetuiapar^iH MHHHCTpa $HHaH- 
cowb, npepBaHHoe annjKO^HCMeHTaMH cnpaBa h h3t» i^enrpa. ^ma- 
Tejin, npHnoMHATb, hto mh eme HefloyirfcBajiH, HeyaceJiH ^yMa annjo- 
AnpoBaJia TOMy, hto «rocy^apcTBO He Moacei-b no3BOJiHTb 0664 bt^ 
HacToaffl,y» MHHyTy TaRoft pocRoran, RaHrb OTJsawb orb Toro hjih Apy- 
roro BBfl;a cbohxi aoxoaob'b*. B% KaqecTB* yTimeHia MHHHCTp'b $h- 
HaHCOB'b h noaTOMy cayqaio npeno^Hecb CTpaH* «Henpejro»Hyio hcth- 
Hy»: «hh vb o^BOfi cxpaHi Mipa He HacTynnjia eme nopa HajoroBoro 

9* 



132 A. nftlHKXOHOfi'B. 

OT*Mxa». Pas* bto TaRTb, to, noHHTHO, h y Hacx ero HiTy. «H4Ty... 
h He aan— He 6yaerb» — botl b*l cymaocTH *rro cKaaajn. 27 HoaCpa 
mhhhctpi» fynE&scowb Poccin; — noqin OyKBajibHO to ace caMoe, wro 
Kor,aa-To eypMHCTpT* Bjacb noBt^aji 6a6yinK* HeHHjrfc. 

Yae MHoro pa3i» noaaraaa Poccia cjiHraajna 8tott> OTBirb h, KaKt 
«aa6MTaa flepeBHa*, flojiro jKflajia: «Borb npiiaerb 6apHm» — 6apHHi> 
HacB paBcyAHTB*. #BaaflH yae KaifL 6y#T0 o6jia^KO noflHHMajiocb na 
floporb h jpaxAH «sa6HTaa aepeBHa* — ounwb paa'b ct> paflocraoft 
Hajrea#oft, apyroft pa3T» cl 3aTaeHH0ft TpeBorofi — BCMaTpHBaaacb wb 
Hero, He SapaH^ jih tueix. Pe6aTHniKH yae xaonajH bt> aa^onm: 
kpfiVbl iflerbL Ho to fiujia jcoanaa TpeBora. 

Tenepb eapnH'B nprfcxajrb... HacToantfft 6apHffb — «rocnoji;cKaa» 
JIjMa. Bdptqy ea cb mhhhctpom'b $HHaHC0BT> mm yae bha4jih h. 
ito OHa cKaaerb Poccia, npeayranaTb HaM*b He TpynHo. OHa, oie- 
bhaho noBToparb to, hto yae cEa3ajn» CypMHCTp'b KoKOBijeB'b: «h ho 
aw — He 6yAerB»L 

Pa3t yjKi> a BcnoMHOTb 6a6yinKy HeHHjiy, to HanoMHro h to 
jrfcjio, no KOTopony eft npunuiocb oCpaTHTbca bt> noMimaubio ycaabCy. 

y 6ypMHCTpa Bjiaca 6a6ymica HeHHJia 
rio^HHHTb H36eHKy jrfecy nonpocHJia. 
OTB*Hajn»: h^ti JT&cy, h hc «^h— He Gy^erb!,. 

^4jio Kacajiocb, KaKT* bhuhtb qHTaTejni, He ffoxo^Hoft, a pacxo^Hoft 
qacTH rocnoflcttaro fiiojjaeTa. BaSynraa Henajia pasc^HTHBaaa nojryqHTb 
nacTHiKy Toro, ito ea 6apHHi> Bt cboio nojibsy yace amiponpiHpoBajrb. 
JI,aae TaraTbca cb 6ypMHCTpoMt crapyxa jjyMaja: «6apHffb Hacb pa3- 
cyflHTb*... ""Ito eft Morb OTBtTHTb 6ypMHCTpB, CBoero 6apHHa, ko- 
He*mo, xopomq 3HaBmifi? «H He i&jm — He (SynerbU 

HaHBHOCTb cTapofi HeHHJiBi cTOJib o^eBH^na, a OTBirb 6apcKaro 
CypMHCTpa TaKi» ecTecTBeHeH'b h, a 6u cKaaajn*, #Jia aaHHaro cTpoa 
aoraqeHTb, ^to Tenepb, Kor.ua orb o6m,nx r h HToroB'b a aojiaeH'b ne- 
peflTH Kb 6oji4e AeTajbHOMy paacMOTptHiro rocynapcTBeaHaro 6io,n- 
aeTa, ocTaHaBJHBaTbca Ha ero pacxoflHHX'b cTaTbax'b mh* npejj;- 
cTaBjjaeTca aaE'b 6y,mTO HejioBKHM'b. Mm bha'&.ih, ^to pacxoOTMft 610^ 
aerb, h 6evb toto rpoMa^HMS, aa nocjrfcjjHia naTb Jiirb, noKa «o6ho- 
BJiajiacb* Poccia, B03pocb eme Ha nojiMHJiJiiapja,a. Mm BHaeMT), hto 
HapoAHHa Hya#M, h 6e3T> Toro 6e3MtpHHa, sa bto BpeMa yMHoaa- 

JIHCb H 060CTpHJIHCb N qp63BMqafiH0CTH... Ho, B^b, 6MJIO 6h HaHB- 
HOCTbK) flyBtaTb, HTO «CTapElft 6apHH r b» — XOpOmO H3B*CTHblft HaMB 6a- 

pHH'b — ,pa Toro coOHpaj^ coKpoBHnta, ^to6h paa^aTb hxi* wl kohh* 
KOHUOB'b hhih,hm'l. He MeHbnieK) HaaBHOCTbio 6mjio 6m HaA^aTbca, 

TfO «HOBHft 6apHH'b» HaHHeT'b HM6HH0 Cb 9T0r0. 

HoBMft oapHH^... Ho mm ero yae BH4i.u1. Mm 3HaeM% yae, Kao» 



XPOHHKA BayTFIHHEfl &H8HB. 133 

o6HOBMca b*l jHui iqchoxb rocyaapcrBeHHoft crpott — t«%-bi-*o%, 
EaKX b*b «3a6mofi flepeBHb*: 

HaKOHei^Tb, oflHaacau cepean aoporH 

IIIecTepHeio nyroMi* noKaaaancb Aporn: 

Ha flporaxx bhcokhxb rpofo ctohtb ayGoBHH, 

A bt» rpo6y-TO 6apHHi>; a sa rpo6oMB— HOByft. 

CTaparo OTntaH, hobuh caesu BbrrepB, 

Cbjtb bb cbod KapeTy— h yBxaai> bt> IlHTepB... 

Bt> 9tomt> h BaKJiro^ajiacB Bca cirfcHa, Kt BTOMy h cBeaocB Bee «o6ho- 
BJieme»: cTapuft SapnffB cjiyaajTB BecB vbKb vb raapAia h hobu£ 
OTnpaBHJiCA Ty^a ace... 

Ha paTHoe A*ao ^eHLrn HyaHH, h HeofixoAHMiia Ha aTorB cnerb 
pacnopaaema hobhA 6apnH%, eohotoo, cAiaaerB. Ho ao Toro an eMy 
Tenepb — Kor.ua npeACTOHT'B hobbiA noxoA^, Kor^a HyacHO «otmcthtb 
HepasyHHburB xasapain** — AyMaTB o HeHHjrfc, o ea pasBajiHBmeficH 
H86yniKt... Cjiobi ffkrB, — 

aerico AOKaauBaTb— roBopHJii> mhhhctpb $HHaHCOBi» — HeaocT.-vro*iHocTi> 
pasxoaoB'B h Heo6xoAHMOcn> 6ojite mupoKaro yaoBaeTBopeeia KiifHeHHtix'b 
noTpe6HocTefl crpaHU. 3Ta o6aacn> ocotieHHO sauaHHRBa; bb Heft Bcero aerie 
Haxoaarb ce6* npHirfeHeHie ranpoTa saMticaoBB, ropaiee aceaame 6*aara Ha- 
poay. ctojib ecTecTBOHHajf aeaacaa bh^tb noBcroay yayiineHia h ycOBepmeH- 
cTBOBaHia, tiucTpo cirbHaunua cotiofi He,nocTaTKH h HenparaaAHbia ctopohu 
HacToamaro. 

TOBOpa KOpOTKO, eypMHCTpi H6 COMHtBaeTCa, 1T0 OCiaCTaHBHTb 

HeHHJty ero 6apHFB o^ohb h oieHB aeaajre 6ti... 

Ho hh b*b oaHoft otijiacTH h*tt> tfoatmaro paaaHiia Meacay »eaaHieMB 

H OCymeCTBHMOCTbK) H HHrU*, KaKB HM6HHO BB dTOft otfaaCTH, OTB npeaCTa- 

BHTejiefl Hapoaa ho TpetfyeTca TaKoro cHCTeMaTHHecicaro caepxHBama no- 
aeTa hx*b Mticaeft h CTpeiiaeHifl, icaKi bt> ooaacTH aaaBaeHia o hobuxt> no- 
Tpe6H0CTaxi», xoTa 6u caiiuxB HacyniHHXB... 

JJeHerB h Ha crapbia noTpe6HOCTH eae XBaTaerB... 06t> aTurh 

CTapHXl nOTpe6HOCTflXTb, KB.Kb H B006me 06l» «9K0H0MHHeCE0ft HOJIH- 

THtt* caMOAep»aBifl» mh4 yse npaxoAHaocB b% cBoe Bpeiia uh- 
caTB *),— h o6mia TeHAemjiH, RaKia eft cBoftcTBeHHU, mh Tor^a ce64 
yacHHJiH. HosTOMy a ocTaHOBJirocB jthhib Ha HisoTopHX^ noipe6Ho- 
cTaxi), naH6ojie BaMtrao yKjOHHBnraxca bt> CBoeM'B pa3BHTin — cb 
tohkh aptaia HanpaBjieHia hjih b'b OTHomeHiH TeMna, — otx o6maro 
ABHaema rocyAapcTBeHHHX'B pacxoAOB-B. HoHmeM'B, He Haftae-rca an 

EaKHX% HOBHX'B TeHfleHHtfl, CBOflCTBeHHHX'B 06H0Ba6HH0My CTpOH). 

CHa^aaa cb toikh 3p*Hia HanpaBjieHia... Hpa ofimeM^ h o^eHb 
fiwcTpoM'b HapocTamn pacxoflHaro 6B0A«eia, no ffbKOTopHM^ cTaTbaMi> 
Hbi BCTptqaeifB BHa^HTeaBHbia coKpan^ema. HanuocB &aae n,tjioe Bt- 
AOmctbo, EOTopoe o6HapyaHJio ckjohhoctb AaTB, cb cBoeft cropoHH, Ha- 



*) Cm. fl 3K0H0MHH©cKtta noAHTHKa eaHOA^psaBia*. Cn<5. 1906 r. 



184 A. HMTWXOHOBl*. 

cejieHiro «Haj*oroBoft 0TflHrL». 9to — MopcBOe raracTtpcTBO. Ha wo 
pacxoAH Ha3HaqeH0: 

no pocnncn 1903 r 116,2 mhji. py6. 

- 1908 p. . 87,1 . „ 



Bt» 1908 r. iceHbme Ha . . . 29,1 mhji. py6- 

hjih Ha 25%. He MoacerB 6htb, kohctoo, HHKaKoro coMfffcHia, *ito 
3rd pe3yjiBTarL «o6HOBJieHia>, Kanoe npeTepnijTB nam* $jotb bt> 
6ETBaxi> ct> anomjaiiH, a OTiacTH h cb KpaifOJBHHKaifH. *Rbn> Tpyaa 
6ojrfce ne6jiaFOAapHaro, — Meamy nporairB CKaaaJTB mhhhctp'b $HHaH- 
cob-b Bt CBoefi aeoapaiuH,— Kara Tpy^t no coKpamemw rocyjjap- 
cTBeHHtixi pacxoAOBi... CoKpameHie cTapHXTb pacxoaoB-B aaerB Be- 
juwHy.., coBepraeHHO raiTOJKHyjo, h coKpamema bth m> ayqmeirb 
cjiyiat Tpe6yK>TB fiojibraoro HCKyccTBa, HacTofiiHBOCTH h BpeiieHH*. 
Ho, oqeBH^HO, MoryrB 6htb h xyamie cjljhb.hi, Kor.ua coKpameme ara- 
pLix-B pacxoAOBt jjaerB aobojibho sairfrrHyH) BejinqaHy, npnieirB He 
Tpe6yeT"B hh ocofiaro HCKyccTBa, hh ocofio MHoro BpeMeHH. CaMO co- 
6ofl noHATHo, OAHaKO, ^to b*b nqflo6HHX r B cjiyqaax-B BOo6m;e h, b*b 
qacTHocTH, b-b tojibko <ito yKa3aHH0BTB HejiBBH ycMOTpiTB KaKoro-jra6o 
HOBaro HanpaBjieBia b*b pasBHTia rocyaapcTBeHHaro xoaaftcTaa. Co- 
RpameHie pacxoAOBx, aBaaeTca %m HbiH'binHHX'B xoaaeB'B b*b ^aHHoirB 

CJiyqat BHHyaC^eHHHM'B H, HeCOMfffcHHO, BpeMeHHHJfB. *JIOrBOHH, K0- 

He^Ho, B03CTaH0BflrB, h pacxo^H no BiopcKOMy BijjoMCTBy, He cqHTaa 
i ipe3BHqaflHbix , B aaTparB, 6hctpo floroHarB h, 6htb MoaerB, eme one- 
pe^arB MHorie flpyrie. «Mn He MoaeM'B— 3aaBHJTB mhhhctp'b $HHaH- 
cobt>— oTKaaaTBca otb BoscTaHOBjiema, xoia 6h h nocTeneHHaro, Me- 
fliieHHaro, pacnpe^tJieHHaro aa pa^ ro,noB*,— pascTpoeHHOft boHhoio Ma- 
TepiajBHoft ^acTH Hainefi apMin h ocTaBHTB nanra BOopyaceHHBia chjih 
6es r b cHaSjKema hxt> bc^mx Heo6xoffnnDrB, jpa HcnoaHeHia hmh 
cBATofi 3a^aqH, KOTopaa ecTB ofiopoHa rocyjjapcTBa h orpaKfleme ere 
iecTH h ^ocTOHHCTBa*. JIjMa BCTptTHJia bto saaBJieme airajjoflHCMeH- 
TaMH. BojBme Toro. Hpe^cTaBHTejiB ijeHTpa, OTBiiaa Ha fleoapaitfio, 
c^eJiT. AOJiroMi., cb CBoefi dopoHH, c^iJiaTB 3aaBJieHie— <caMoe rjraB- 
noe h caMOe Ba»Hoe», Kara BBipasoca offB. 

Cowl 17 OKT«6pa noJiarae , rb,-~3aaBHJi , B r. EponKHHi,— hto cymecTByerB 
o^Ha nacTB bt» rocyAapcTBeHHOMT* xombctb*, r^* cKynocTb Bt pacxo^OBa- 
Hin napo^Huxx cpe^cTBi* He tojilko He rx*fejiecoo6pa3Ha, ho h npaMO Heno- 
3BOJiHTejibHa. 9Ta nacTt— pacxo^u no rocyaapcTBeHHoft o6opoHt. Ci» 3thmh 
pacxo^aMH cB«3aH0 MorymecTBO Poccin, ea npecTHxrB cpe#H flpyrnxi ,«ep- 
maBt, ea paaBHTie, en Kpe^HTi. Bt> 9Tofi o6jiacTH pacxo^u aojishu 6htb 
ranpoKH, cpe^cTBa .hojischli 6uib Hafl^eHU, h ohh HaflAyTca... 

TaKHMT> 06pa30MTb, B'B TOBTB, ^T0 $JTOrB Cy^eTB BOBCTaHOBJeH-B, 

Hejn>3a coMHiBaTBca. Oh'b, 6HTb MomerB, CyaerB B03CTaH0BJieffB naace 
6Hdp4e, ivkwb npefliiojiaraerB mhhhctp'b $HHaHCOB , B. Bo bchkom'b 
cjiyqaij, «apyacHHHHKH» Ha bto'tb c^eT^ cKynHTBca He CTaHyrB. 
He JiHiiiHe 6yAerB npa btojtb omtTHTB, hto Ha BBinoJHeHie «cbji- 



XPOHHKA BHyTPlHHBfl HH3HH. 13S 

xofi Baaa*?H» no pocracn 1908 rojja HasHaneHa He MeHbinaa aase 
oTHocHTejLHO (a yse He rosopro a6cojiK)THo) qacTb, qtarb no pocnncH 
1903 rofla. Ha BoeHHoe h MopcKoe MHHHCTepcTBO, BMicrfc cl booh- 
hhmh pacxojjaMH no qpe3BMqaflHOBiy 6roA»eTy, accnrHOBaHo: 

IIo pocnncH. 
1903 r. 1908 r. 

B* MHJuloHax'b pytfjiefi 446,1 578.9 

• °/o°Jo Kb otfmeMy HTory pocnHCH 21,6 23,0 

TaKHHTi 06pa801Tb, eCJIH Wb 3T0fl TOCTH $HHaHCOBarO X03flftCTBa H 

mqhbo noflBifcraTh KaKyro-jiHfio TeHfleHnjro, to, bo bchkom'b cjiyqa*, He 
Bnepe^t, at Kaitofi-To HeHSBidHofi eme HaM* hobh3h*, a nasa^t, 
wb ^aBHo 3HaKOMoft dapHHt, — ko BpeMeHaMt IlaBjia, HanpnMtpx, 
Kor,aa pacxojjbi Ha apMiro h tyjiovb norjiomajra nojiOBHHy Bcero 6k)#- 
atera, ecjrn He ko BpeMeHaifB IleTpa, Koiyja ohh OTHHMajiH nosTH 4 /s 
Bctxt rocy^apcTBeHHwrB peccypcoBt. 

Bojate MefljeHHoe, qiM'b bt» oSnteMi HTorfc, BoapacTame h jiaae 
ijohth naiByio npiocTaHOBay hoo6xo,hhmo OTM-bTHTb no TaKOMy Epyn- 
homj h KpafiHe xapaKTepHOMy una Hamero rocynapcTBeHHaro 610,0;- 
atera OTAijiy, Kara pacxo^H Ha sejrfcsHbifl floporn. CpaBHHBt b-b worn* 
oTHomeHiH pocnHCH 1903 h 1908 rr., mh nojiyqnM'b TaKia n;u<J>pH: 

Mhjiji. pytfjiefi 

PacxoflLi: 1903 r. 1908 r. 

Ha KaaeHHtia acejrfttH. aoponi . . . 419,1 517,1 

Hoco6ia Hacm o6m. no rapaHTiH . 16,2 58,4 

^p«3BUHaflH. pacxoAM 181,3 66,9 



Htoto 616,6 617,4 

Ho h b-b BTOtt npiocTaHOBKi poda acejii3HOAopoffiHUX'B pacxo < a 1 oB^ 
eflBa jz mokho ycMOTpiTB KaKyio-JiH6o HOByro TeHfleHitfio. Bee sacTa- 
Bjflen* flyiiaTB, ito OHa 3HaMenyerB co6oio He noBoporB bt> «8koho- 
MH^ecKofl nojiHTHKi* HHHtniHaro npaBHTeJibCTBa, a npocTo Ha npocTO 
HenocTaTOET* bx ero pacnopaaceHiH cBo6o 1 fl;Hbix r b peccypcoBi> h HeBoa- 

MOHHOCTb IIOJiyqHTb HXt HpH flaHHBIX'b yCJIOBLBX'b nyreiTB SafiMOBT). 

Mm He MoaceMt— saaBHJTb Meatfly npoiHMTb, mhhhctpt» $HHaHC0B*L, rcfiopa 
HeaaSliacHocTH npeAcroaniHX'b Hpe3BMHaflHbiXT> pacxo.noB'b,— He ncnpaBHTb 

Hatil'E ateJ1^3H0A0pO3KHblft HHBeHTapb, npHBeAeHBblfl BT> pa3CTpOHCTBO BO 

upcMJi i:ci::i!OHHTejibHoft no HanpaaceHBOCTH cjiy»6bi ero bt» nopy BoeHHofi 
HeBero^u... Mu ho mo3K6mt> bobco oTKaaaTbca ott> npoflOJiaeHia BanaTbixt 
pa6oTt no coopy»eHi» acejrtsHbix'b aoporb hjih He npHCTynaTb BHOBb ki> 
coopyaefliKi rfcx-b hst* hrxi, KOTopbia bo bcio rjiyGHHy 3aTporHBaioTi> ans- 

UeHliliSC UHTCpeCbl pOABHbl Ha OAHOH H31» OTA&JieHHbIXl> HaiHHXTb OKpaBH'b... 

MMteT^, KaK^ h3b*ctho, BnojiH* yiKe pa3pa6oTaHBbifl njiaH^ 
yCH-QPHLfl h yjiyqmeHia Ka3eHHbix , b ae;i , fe3Bbix'b aoporb, BbipaOoTaEHbLH 
MHHHCTepcTBOM'b nyiefi coo6meHia n, KanT* coo6maJiH raseTH, yace oao- 
6peBHufi Mea.ayBiiiOMCTBeHHbiM^ coBtmanieM'b. GcymecTBJieHie axoro 
ii-iana AHtsxyeTCH He TOJbKO HeoSxo^HMOCTbK) ncnpaBHTb npnBeAeHHbifi 
Bt paBctpoflcTBO aceJiisHOAopoacHbifl HHBeHTapb, ho h rfeMx, ^to «cy- 



136 a. nftmEXOHOFB. 

mecTByrontfa b* Poccin acejritaHua aoporn, KaKT> KaaeHHtfa, Tain* a 
qacTHHfl, — roBopHTca wb MHHHCTepcKOMT> npoeKrh, — no npHIHHt ejia- 
6octh CBoero oSopynoBaHia, He ynoBJieTBoparorb noTpeSHOCTam, 6ti- 
cTpo B03pacTaiomHXT» nepeB030KT> rpyaoBi h naccaacapoB-B h noToaiy 
cjyaarB npenaTCTBieM'B kt> flaaBHkflnieMy paBBiniio OTeqecTBeaHofi 
npoMHmjieHHOCTH h ToproBJiH» *). I\naBHoe ace,—iTo, Moacerb 6uTb, B 
He roBopHTca b*b npoeKrb, ho ito bc4btb h 6e3^ Toro HSBtcTHO,— 
jiaBHO y»e ofiHtipyranBinaaca h see b^ pacTaiomaa y6 HT 0HH0CTb m- 
jt8HOAopoacHaro xoaaflcTBa BHHyacAaerb npaBHTeJibCTBO bo *ito 6m to 
hh cTaao H3HCKaTB rfe mh hhhh irfcpH w& ea npeflOTBpameHia. 
CaMo coootf noHATHO, ito «npHBefleHHHM , b bi pa3CTpoflcTBO HHBenTa- 
peirL* aoxoahocth He noflHHMenib... Ha ocymecTBaeme BHpa6oTaHHaro 
MHHHCTepcTBOM'L naaHa no yjiyqineHiio h ycHjieHiio KaseHHHXt atejito- 
hhxi> floporB noTpeSyeTCii, no ero pascqeiaMt, 916 mhji. py6., KaKo- 
Bue oho h Ha^teTca nojiy^HTb h^b rocynapcTBeHHaro Ka3Ha^eficTBa 
b*b Te^eme naTH-jiiTHaro cpoaa. KaK^ TOJibKO btotb njiamb HanaeTb 
ccymecTBJiflTbcfl, Kejrfc3Ho,n;oposHBie pacxonu cpaay AOciHrHyrb TaKofi 
bhcotm, KaK-B 6yATO HHKaiioit npiocTaHOBKH bi hx-b pocrfe He HafiJIK)- 
Aaaocb. MeacAy Ttarb, KpoMt yaynmema h ycHJieHia cyn^ecTByroruHXt 
yace Aoporb, hcoSxoahmo AOKonqiiTb HanaTtia pa6oTH no coopyseHiro 
hobmx'b h npncTyiiHTB k'b coopyaseniio rhx-B, «K0T0pHH bo Bern rjy- 
6HHy saipornBarorB »H3HeHHbie HHTepecH poflHHti Ha o^Hofl H3"b or- 
AajieHHHX'B nauiHX'B OKpanH'B*.., ToBopa kopotko, ropn30HTH no lacTi 
mejiisHOAopoacHBix^ paoxoflOB'b OTKpwBaioTca nrapoicie. 

BonpOCB B*B TOlfB TOJibKO, HafijiyTCH JH AeHBm... H Kb 8T0Mt-TG 

upaBHTejbCTBO 3a nocjrtAHee bpcmh, noBH^HMOMy, ycyMHHjracb. Korfla 
II. H. MajiiOKOB'b 27 HOflSpa ynoMaHyjrb o npoeKTt bt» 916 uhjut 
py6., to MHHHCTp-b $MHaHCOB , B #aaee pa3cepAHJica. 

3th 916 mh jiji. py6. — 3aaBHjn> oht* — He tojibko HeH3B*BCTHbi qjieH&MT* 
rocy^apcTBeHHofl Rynu, ho ohh h6H3b1icthm aaace npaBHTOJibCTBy. Ohh co- 

CTaBJiaiOTT, npCHHOJIOHCeHlfl TOJibKO O^HOrO Bt^OMCTBa, a OflHO BtflOMCTQO Hft 

Mowerb eme tohho yKa3aTb, KaKb b6jihkh 3th noTpe6HOCTH e HacKOJibKo ati 
noTpetfHOCTH nocHJibHbi rocyAapcTBeHHOMy KasHaHeftcTBy Booo6me... 

3toto He 3Haerb h mhhhctp , b $HHaHC0Bi: «HejiB3a cnpaniHBaTB, — 
3aK0HqHJTB oh'b cBolt OTBtrb no ^aHHOMy Bonpocy, — KaKi no$fij$M% 
mu gaibme h KaKHMn cpe,a;cTBaMH mh 6jpfiWb sth noTpe6HOCTH no- 
KpuBaTb». IloTpe6HOCTH ae bojihkh, npaMO, mo»ho CKa3aTb, «h6hc- 
«ihcjihmh». B3HTB xoth 6bi t* ace acejit3HHa .noporn: «ocjih hjikho 
916 MHJiJiioHOB'b ji,.ia Toro, i ito6h Ka3eHHyio pejibcoByio ctTb npHBecTH 
bl nopa^oKTi, to HyacHo o^HOBpeMeHHO npHBecTH qacTHyn) pejibGOBjB^ 

ctTb BT> nopHAOK'B H Ha 3TO HpHfleTCH HCTpaTHTb eme 400 MHJ.liO- 

hob'b*. HoHaTHo, pascepAHfflbca : rojiOBa h TaK^, KaK'B no,nyMaenib o6ii 
8T01TB, H^eT^ KpyroMi., a Tyrb e^e «KpacHHe» jii3yTB, Apa3HaTca: «a 
AeHBTH r^t B03BMeTe>?!.. 



*) .P*Tb", 1 Hoaopa. 



r 



XPOHHKA BHyTPBKHSfi 3KU9HB. 
ycyMHHBmHCB Vb OflHOM'B H8^ CBOHX* HJiaHOBX, ffpaBHTCTtCTBO 

3aHflT0 TenepB, noBH^HMOMy, rtiTB, *rro CTpoHTt Ha ero M'kcTO HOKue. 
^oxoahoctb acejitBHHXi* aoporB, KaK?B a yse ynoMHHyjTB, oho paac^ir- 
THBaert noflHHTB noBHmeHieii'B nacca«HpcKaro Tapn^a. OSayMMHiiPT'L 
oho bt> ^TOM^ HanpaBJieHiH h eme Kofi-Raida Mipn, bte> pojrfj onn.m,! 
jLroTHaro Tapn$a Ha nepeBOBKy xjrfcfia jsiia rojioflaiomHX'B, .aiiiiieiiia 
Kejrfc3HOfloposHHX'& cjryaamiHx^ npana Ha fieanjiaTHufi npotsa'fc n t. u 
Ho bt> rojioBy npHXo^arB Bee Meaom Bora no qacra «npHBeaeHHaro 
urb pascTpoflcTBO HHB6HTapa» fl^flcTBHTejiBHO npainjia fijrecTamaa iuea: 
cflaTB noABHacHoft cocTaBTb bc*x^ sejrk3HBix , B aopora Ha OTKyiTL. Ila- 
^aJHCB coBimama; h OTKynmHKH na^-sa rpaHHijH yace npifeutK.-. 
Ho nocjit^Hie npeaaosHJiH TaKia ycjiOBia, vro npejicTaBHTejiB i raer- 
hhx'b aoporB npaMO axHyjin: nbrB, roBoparB, Ha TaKyro Ka6a.iy mh 
He corjacHH. #a n rasei^HRH BamyirfejiH. Tarn flfciio h paBcrpoH- 

JOCB... 

HpHXO^HTca npn^yMHBaTB qTO-HH6yjq> flpyroe, h npnayMaTB Train. 
Mh4 KaaceTca, tto mhhhctp'b $HHancoB , B He npeACTaBjaerB Bceit rpo- 
Ma^HocTH CToameft nepeflr> hhbtb 3a^a^H h Bcefl octpoth aexfeairo- 
Aopoacnaro Bonpoca. HHaie ofb He cica3ajrB 6h: «nyacHQ iwth 
HcnoflBOJB, Me^JieHHO...* JKeatoHOAopoacHoe ^tjro He t^mt^ bI^b, 

TOJIBKO Ba«HO, 1T0 HpHXOflH H paCXOJJH