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Full text of "Jets and flashes"

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tD^fflHOCTH H He HpeACTaBJIHJIOCB, TEKb WJfb X&CTb MOHLO 6h 

XBaraTB h am B^Boe tioumaro KOjmqecTBa ta^eft. 

— Cwfta, OcBKa Henoiraiinjift, clonal.. peBfcrB mothmS pu- 
scetiopoAufi MyacqHHa, ctoh bo BecL pocrt Ha Hapaxt y oraa h 
cb TopacecTBOirB liaxan manKofi:— CK>Aa, TOBapHnjH! 

rpySHO KOBUMIOmefi HOXOAKOft TOpOUHJIC* Ha 9T0TB 80BB Ma- 

aeHBKift HeyRHioffiifl qejiOBiqeKb, noBHA&MOity,.6ojiBinoft (juierMa- 
thkb no npHpoA*, ho Ha 3tott> paaB TaK&e BoatfyscAeHHuft h 
TOpaseCTByioniift. 3a hhmb ftftxajio kb oray eme qejoBfocB hhtb 
mojioahx-b, BAopoBiixx petfaTB, Bca 9Ta rpynna, otobhaho, co- 
CToaBmaH b-b AopoaraoirB TOBapamecTBi h HrpaBmaa pyKOBOAfi- 
myio pojiB bt> napriHj sapjura h4ckojibko casern jiy^maxi h$ctb 
Ha HapaxB. XyAmin, tfojiie y^ajieHHua otb CBfrra, M&CTa saHHjm 
crapnKH h ceMeflHtie. Bjmse bc%xt> hb ABepflHB oiyrajicji eara- 
CTBeHHuft KaHAajiBHufl bb napiiH, eBpeft HeonpefffiJieHHLixi) jrirb, 
xy^ofl, cyxonapuft, , cb shakoA kosjuhoS (SopoAKOft h nyrjiHBO 



6 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

6iraiomHMH.cipBoiH rjiasKaMH. Ero conpoBoawuia MHoroincjeH- 
Haa ceubsi: &eHa, MajieHBKaa h xyAOHBKan aceHmHna, cobcJitb 
tiojBHaa, eae nepeABHraBmaH Horn, ho cb hbctbchhlimh eme cjrfe- 
Aam KorAa-TO 6oja>moa opurHHajiBHoft h cHMnaiHiHOft KpacoTu* 
Ha pyraxB opa .nepsajia wyxB MajieHBraxB fliBoieKi— OAHy cb 
puKHMH, Kaffb orora, KypqaBUMH^BOjioceHKaiiHj cb apKO (taecTiB-* 
mBKH otb uoposa wfinxmx, Becejio Ha Bee gpyroirB yjrutiaB- 
myioca, SP717H), HanpoTHBi),— <ftiyi\ayK>, Kara ijuraHoqKa, ncny- 
rarao rjMA*BinyK> no CTopoHaan> cbohmh 6ojEbmHMH, TeMHUMH, 
KaKb-6£i ct y^EBjieHieMt pacKptiTUMH raasaMH. 3a jo6kj MaTepn 
ir&njuuiacB ipeTBa A*BoiKa, nocrapuie, cb cepBeraBiMB, He no- 
a4tckh 03a6oqeHHtiM'B mtokomb; qeTBepTa* Tan^Hjra v&moKB 
Cosbme cetfa caifofi. Oren^ h AecarajiiTHiS MajBiyraHB, otohb 
Ha Hero noxoacift, cb laKHM* ace amhhhmb, ocrpHMB hocoitb h 
cipuMH Hasan, bojuokjih npoqifi ceiie&Huft acaptfB. 

-*- IDfooAa, mioAa, Eraa!— - cb xapa&crepHHiiB 'eBpeicrairB npn- 
meneiUBaHBeirB roBopwB rjiaaa ceiieftcrBa, cuiaAUBaH Benin Ha 
nyciEiH Hapu y caMuxi jiBepeft.— A6paniKa, 6ira CKopifi Ha 
ABopi>, norjuiAH, ho 8a6iUHi-jiB enje u,ero. 

Effra b-b H8HenoseHiH ouycTHjiacB Ha Hapa cb o64hmh a*- 
BOiicaMH. PBiateHBKaa ceftqacB see Becejio cocBoraia cb ea pyicB 
h npHHAjiacB noMoraiB CTapmnifB cecrpauB b-b pastfopici Bemeft; 
lepneHBitaH, HanporaBB, enje Kpinqe ftpasajiacB kb iiaTeps. 

— Hy, ?to, EHTajd? Kara ce6a *yBCTByemB, Ayma noa?— no- 

HHSeHHEIMB- rOJOCOMB CnpOCHJTB MyKB, CB HJMKHOCTBK) H TpOBO- 

roft sarju^AtiBaH aeH* b-b rjiasa. TLociftw&aA HHqero He OTBiqajia 
h TOJBKO HepBHO rjiaAua no rojiOBKi npflmBHyBinyro ra Heft jno- 
6flMHi(y aoib. * 

— S. maflKy cefiqacB saBapio... UorpieMca! Xacs, Epyx3, 
Cypejra! noMoraitoe Haiepn. H sa boaoA no6iry. 

— Hy, a h, rocnoAa, KyAa ae npHcrpoiocB?— rpoiiKo nporo- 
bophji'b wb 8to Bpeuii, HOCJ^AHHHB BomeAinift wb Kaiiepy, CTapH- 
*6ra 6jiaroo6pa3Hofi h noiTOHHoft napysHOCin, cb myTOBCKHMt 
h^ckojibko BtipaaceHieiTB cbohx-b yMHux-B, Aase njiyTOBaiux-B ci- 
pux-B rjiaax.— Mh$-to, CTapHKy, hoab Hapu, <ito-jib, ji^stb? 

— CTapn^Ky HnKOJiaeBy Hame noweHie! Kb HaHB noaajiyftTe!— 
OTKjiHKHyjicfl eMy otb oBHa puase6opoAuft Hys^nna hsb KOMnaHia 

MOJIOABIXB HflaflOB'B. 

— Hah kb Hain>, CTapuft acnHA'B!— KpHKHyjrB orryAa en^e 

KTO-TO. 

— Botb yaub h pyraeiecB!.. PaaB* 9x0 bo3mo«ho, rocnoAa? 

Si Kb BBMb Cb AO^pOMB, a Bil 9BOHa BB KMIA TJiynOCTH yrjtti$- 

jweTecB] 

— /A He to kb Hain> dyn^ft, HnKOJiaeBB, Micra XBaTHTB,— 
nocjiumajiCH BEpaA^HBuft rooiocB hsb Apyroro yrjia* Tojiocb btotb 
npHHaftapsajTB nysqHH'6 yse hoshjibix'b ji^tb, KopeHacroaiy, 6jrb^ 



KOBMRA BI> nYTH. 



HOMy, cb HenpiffTHHKb BBipasemeirb iiacaaHHCTBirB niasB h Bcero 
jiima, HeAo6paro, ho Bcer^a noAepHjTaro npaTopHo-cjia^Koft 
yjiLf6Koft. 

— Kb Ham! IlaBejrb HaKojiaeBHqi>, Kb mmi mejiocth npo- 
chitb, — ^noffTBepAua h seHntHHa, CHKbBmaH cb hem* pajoiTB:— 7 

BM— CTapHKH, BaiTb CB CeiiefiHHMH-TO CnOKOftfffce 6jJSfiTb. 

— H BipHol BjiaroxapHini' sa npnBfrrB. Sy^ene cyciAHMH. 

— A, dapuft qopra, kb tiatiauB nojitsx! Ty6a-TO He Aypa! 
3apeBijn> otb oraa pusetiopoAuft. — Tu nocMaTpHBaft Tara sa 
fnurB, IlepMHHOBb. Offb He cnpoda... 3HaearB mli 3thxt> crap- 
newb 6oaciHxi>... Toro h mhah, 6esi» aceau ocTaHemBcjil 

IIpH dTHXi cjiOBarB y IlepMHHOBa Bee jihe^o 3jio6ho nepero- 
cbudeocb; ohx npoHOjraajrB, OAHaico, h tojdrko 6pocHjn> kt> oKHy hojdl- 
Hiift npespiHia BsrAHAB. HnKOJiaeBB, yse Ha?aBmift« pacuiaAu- 
BaiB cboh m4idkh, TOse HM^ero He otb^thjtb Ha Hacirtmicy; cyAfl, 
Bnpo^eirb, no BEipaseHuo amia, ohb 6ujlt> caopie no^mem oro, 

TfaffB yKOJIOTL. 

Kaicepa Haqimajia nocTeneHHo npramiaTB sHjroft bhxb. Bi> 
CipiTeHcri o6paTHtifl napiia chahtl He iieHsme AByx* Hejjfcjib, 
h noToiiy Bci ycrpaHBaouicB nporao, ocHOBaiejCBHo, toiho Hairi- 
peBancB jkhtb aA*CB nfknue vom. PacnaKOBUBajHCb cakue sa,- 
rtTHue yam h ir&niOHKH, aanacajiacB npoBH3in. IIoKa KaHepa 
He (fcuia enje saMKHyia na hohb, apecraHTii to-h-aAjio cHOBajra 
ho KoppHAopy h no Asopy wana, crapancB ayqme osHaEOMHTBCH 

Cb IffiCTHBIMH HOpHABailH H otifiHaHHH, ySHaTB, K&rB-JLH BB AP7~ 

TBXb saMepaxB apecTAHTOB'B h upon. OteasajiocB, wo bb coc4a- 
Hem* 6ojibfflOMT> Hyirepi HaxoAMacB aaMKHyiaa no cjryqaio npa- 
(fam hobhtoobt>, o$f HitfajiBHO enje He npHHmin h HeotfiiCEaH- 
huxt^ napiifl bt> 80 wjOBiicB, npnmeAaiaH sa h*ckojibko A^eft 
nepeffb rbm> m% BjiarosinjeHCKa h cocTOHBinaa Ha hojiobkhj 

H3B SaTOpSaHB, Ha HOJIOBHHy H81> HOACJI^ACTBeHHEiIX'B, KOTOpUO 
AOJUKHLI 6UJM CyAHTBCH BB HpKyTCKft HO SHaHeHHTOMy $$XJ 

pasrpatfjieHiH Ha AMypi KapaBaHa cb sojioroirb. J ABepn 9Toft 
Kanepu cTOfljia Kywa tojcbko ?to npflfiuBEnHX'b o(5paTHuxi>, nepe- 
roBapHBaacb ckbosb mejb cb sanepTUMH <cTapaKaMH>. 

— dporo-jtB TyTB — otiucKHBarorB?— AonpamHBajTBpasSflTHoft 
pHse6opoAbifl, KOTOparo TOBapnnjH HasuBajiH KaiaeBUirB. 

— Mosho CKasaTb, Aase tfes^ejiOBiqao, — oTBiqajrb H3i»-sa 
Asepn HeBHAHHBifi tojiocb qejiOBiKa* noBHjj&MOMy, He MeHie pa3- 
6nTHoro, 6uBajiaro h cjiOBooxouizBaro. — RannTaHB IferpoBCKift 
npHMO sa saHAapiia coftra Moacerb. ?yTB hto— Aaae h bi» cnyjiu 
HOpOBHTB. Ho bbi, rocno^a, ho ciiyn^aftrecB. BBepxy Hamefi abo^h, 
okojio neqKH, A^pa edb, saTKHyiaa TpariKoa. Bee, ^to y BacB 
ecTB OTb sanperaaro njOAa Anaiia hjih Ebbi, cnimaxe nepeAaTB 
nan Ha xpaHeme. 

— A BorAa 6y3tyrB npHHHMaTB h o6HCKHBaTB? CeroAna »e? 



8 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— Hh BT> KaKOKb cjiynai. y KanHTaHa IlerpoBCEaro npa- 
BHja TBepj^LiH, pasi) HaBcena saBeseHHua. 3asrpa pobho fb 
OAKHHawaTB qacoBT>. 

npeAJiosenie HeBHABMaro rojioca 6uxo TOTqacb-se npHHHTO 
Kb cb$a&hix>> h OcBKa HenouB&wjA, yciBnmcB Ha njieiH po- 
aeiiy h BticoEOMy KfliaeBy, nojrfi?b Ha neiKy poaucKHBarb cna- 
CHTejiLHjio Aupy. Bb pysarb y Hero 6uso h4ckojibko kojtoa* 
Kaprt h cnje name-To hs* csairpeTHuxb ilsoaobi>», o Koiopuxi 
yoouHHajLi HpeAycMOTpHTejEBHfiift coBfirraKb. 

— A KaKi> tojibko otfumyrb sacb 8&BTpa, oTonpyro h Hac%.' 
Toi^a saBeAem npiarHoe sHaEOMcroo, h ecjiH nosejiaeTe, nepe- 
KHHeilCH no iiaoieHBEoft! 

— Ob HamHHi> , nojiHLan> yAOBOJBCTBieirb. A em Kb Bameft 
naprin xeHBSBOHEH? 

— BoAflica. Mli no sojKoroify b4a* A**y cyAHTbca bt> Hp- 
KyTCKtb igem. Khali ecTb (Joraiue— paasyAHTb tojkbko Hano. Hy, 
Aa yBHAHMca jhiho — Bee oto oticyAHKb eme h otiopyAyeirb. CaMH 
bh 0TKy.ua nyib Aeparae? 

— MH H3b niejiaH. CjLHXaiLH, b*pho? 

— yrojioffL TeniHfi, Kan ho cjraxaTb. roBopaTb, iionuia? 

— Epfflio o6Hieju> CBflTaal CMOTpnrejiB^HiyMeH^apecTaHTH— 
MOHaxH. Xa-xa-xal 

— 3HaqHTb, AeHLffiOHOKt h bh AOcraTOrao Besere? HaKO- 

HHJQI Bb MOHameCTBi-TO? 

— Mfloro-jiH, Majio-jiH, a Ha Ham* B&Kb xBararb,— xBacTjiBBO 
OTBiqajrL KaiaeBi), noAMBrHBaa TOBapnntairb. — Ho AOMairb OAHaso 
nopa, petfjrra. K&JKHCb, sairapaTb rac* BAyrc>. ,3,0 BHAarafl, 
naHe! 

H toiho, vb KoppHAopi) Bomeacb e^pefiTopi ci> KjmaMH, bt> 
conpoBOSAeHin eme HicKOJibKHXb co*Aan>, h BOJi&rb saTacKHBara 
bt> naMepy napamy. ApeciaHTOHb nepeciHT&iH h co6HpajHCb sa- 
nepeTb Ha saMOKt. 

— TomnoAHKb e^petopb, — Hecirfuio BHcrymurb bt> oto Bpeiui 
Buepexb rjiaBa eBpeflcKofi ceMbn:— otfparaTe BHHMaHie.... 

— *Iero TaKoro?— HaAMOHHo cnpoourc* Ceaycuft eme e$peft- 

TOpi), KaKb-TO HCKOCa H CB6pxy BHHffb dritpHftb erO BSrjWAOlfb. 

r — 7 nacb ecTb seHn^mw... h imoro AfcrneKb... mohxt> ao- 
u,eKb... 

— Hy, TaKb Hio-acb? Y* Te6a B&Ab hxs» He npoc&Ti. Ajq> 

CaMH HpOCHTCfl? 

^ — a nacieirb napaniKH, romnoAHHi e^peTopi, AOJuoanfie 
roenoAHHy oxBBn.epy, qTo6ii He sannpaTb KanepH, Bb KoppHAOtrb 
ymarb nocxaBnib. 

— naprin y Hacb CMHpHan, rocnoAHHb CTapmifi, — noAAep- 
acajrb npocb6y kto-to en^e hsi yrjia:— BesA* HaMH eoblboS 6huvb 
AOBOJieHb. 



soBHjuu. bb nym 9 

->- ^ero hxb Tyn> cjymaTBl Sairapafi, napa! Ho MicTairt, 
noKa nfijtti!— 8apeB*jn> B^pyrs e$peifcropB. 

^BepB myMHO saxjoirayjiacB, sanoiB bb saifKfe m;ejiKHyjn,. 

— ?ero BBiijrb, »ha>?— sarpoxoTajiB KmaeBB:— aameiiyrjiB 
6paTy MOAHHqaTB, spaxoTH 6apcm pasBOAHTB? JKeHmima, seH- 
mHHa... JJa hto OHa y Tetfa— A*BKa, ito-jib? HetiocB, BBona ckojilko 
SHA6HHTB HaMO^Hjia, He xyse HacB cb Totioft npo Bee SHaen,.- 

H, Eara-tiii bb noATBepsAeme cbohxb cjobb, okb tjjtb me 
HanpaBHJiCH kb napanrft... 

SSlhshb nomjia cbohmb nepejiflwh.06mmejm saiiepH TOT?ac&- 
acepfts6BjiHCB Ha h4ckoju>ko syqeKB. Oj^a cocToajia hbb efipeilCKaro 
, ceueficTBa; bb APyroft CTapnKB HHKOJiaeBB 6ec$AOBa» cb npiiOTHB- 
mefi ero neTofi IlepMHHOBiixB; i^eHTpoMB n ^ymofi Tperaeft, hath hjls 
mecTH hojioauxb pe&iTB, 6luh> roBopjmB&ifi RHTaeBB,My8iHHa HeMO- 
jioauxb y»e ji4tb, ho TenepB, no OKOHianin saTOpra, co6npaBinificfl ? 
Ka8ajiocB, CHOBa homqjio^tl h paajsiicTH. Ha npoTraonojrosHHXB 
napaxB, bb yrjiy, cha&ih enje ABa qeoiOB$Ka: oahhb bhcokiS h 
ApaxjiHft CTapssB, y Koroparo hcho otipncoBmajiocB Ha A6y 
oefiMo, KaTopsHuft eme HHKoaaeBCKHXB Bpeuem>, tojbko Te- 
nepB oKOHHHBinifl, BCjri&ACTBie toctuxb notfiroBB, He6oju>moft bb 
Ha^ajii cposB CBoero HaKasama. Ghjibho oraoxnri* h npHmeAmift 
noqTH bb codOflHie MjaAeraecTBa, ho ecer^a Becejinfl h HeyHu- 
Baiomift, ohb 6ujn> o6n(H]fB jwo&iimeMB bb napriH, myxHHBOHB 
ho npo<j>eccin. He npHHajueata hh kb EaKOMy jiarepio, ohb ^yrso 
npncjiyrnHBajicfl, ho CMOTpa Ha rayxoiy, ho bc&mb pasroBopauB 
h no BpeneHaMB noAaBajtB cboh peMHra! 3b&kh ero Twio^ee- 

BHMB. 

PHAOM%» CB HHMB, XOTfl He HMiBfflifi HHiaBOft CB HHMB CM8H, 
CHA&HB KOCHaTBlfi Hy&HKB CB BOAHHOIHUMB JTHIJOMB H JptBBMb 

BsraiaAOMB, HeotffciKHOBeHHO yrpioiuifi, MOJwaMBHfi, Kocromifica 
Ha BcixB h nocTOAHHO ito-to npo cetfa BopqaBinifl. ApecTanru 
HasHBajin ero BoboS h ciHTajra cyHacmeAmnuB. 

Bb rpymrfc KnTaeBa 6ujlo oco6eHHoe o&HBjEeme h Becejite. 
EmaeBB 6esocTaHOBo<iHO 6ojrrajn> n xBacT&KB. 

— CnparnHBaert: <<MHoro-j[B achbsohokb BeseTe)> Hy, a& 
MeHa-TO, daparo nomeHHHKa, ho npoBeAeniB. 3Haio a BacB, 
pociOBCKHXB jpyjiHKOBB, HacKBOSB. Xvrpti B£I, a BCe-S6 hoaojib- 
cide Tpn pasa BacB BOKpyrB najiBi^a o6obbk)tb! Y shaobb h no- 
jiheobb yujicH a... Cb 67-ro roAa cb TiopBMofi sHaEoiicrBO B6Ayl 
cMHoro! OTBiqaio:-*- 1 nepaH KapHaHB mzpe, huiah tojibko, ^to(5b 
He npopBajicH>. H'botb noMaHHie Moe cjlobo, 6paTD,u, ne 6yAB 
a KniaeBi), k^jih a aToro pocTOBCKaro ^pama saBipa ace ro- 
jiuhb He nymy co bc4mh ero SBAaMH BMicri. ^eHBrnl ^a 
KaRia HoryiB y HacB 6utb A6HBFH, kojih mu hbb Hlejiaa HAemb? 
3a to 6amKa y nacB Ha njieqaxB. 3a to npocB^nurb HacB OTeii>* 
HryiieHBl 



10 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— Hy, a& Te64-T0 rpinmo-fo saaoBaTBCH, KaTae^b,— 
B^pyrb 0T03Bajicji eiry crapEBB HHKOJiaeBB, BoyopwH, sacjoimaBi 
HSAajm HHTepecHyio oec&Ay, noABsrajKCH Tenepb on CBoero irtcTa 
Ki^Becejiqft rpynni. Bb 64joS Ka3eHHOft py6axft, hhsko noAHo- 
acaHHofi tohkhmb peMeniKoirb no%b KpyrjroiMB shbothkomb, ob 

BOJIHHCTOft C^AOBaTOft tfopOflKOft, H3B i&XB, Bald* HHOiyTL Ha 
AHKaXB CBflTBIXfc, CT> KyApeBaTBIMH BOJIOCaMH, TmaiejibHO paBo- 

6paHHUMH no cpeArai npotiopoifB, cb jnyKasuMs cfipuira rjia- 
saMH h hocokb KapTonucoft Ha 6jaroo(5pa3HOirb, noKpbiTOMB nop- 
n^HHaiiH, ho enje ppihhomb juntfi, cb cbohmh creneHHO CKpe- 
meHHMMH Ha rpyAH pyicaMH, Hecn&mHofi hoxoaroS: h MHWHirB 
jAbj^bxb roJiocoMi) — ohb npoHBBOAHJTb BneiaTjr&Hie qeJDLOB^Ra, 
pimHTejiLHo bcjutb Ha CBfrrfc AOBOJibHaro, CBoeft yqaciBtf, ca- 
MHJfb cofiofi h juoabmh, Bcer.ua roTOBaro h ApyrnxT, TaKace no- 
yqHTB h HacTaBHT&*TOMy se AOBOJiBCTBy h Myrfpofl yiT&peHHOCTH. 
' — Te6i-To rpirnHO-6i» rauoBaTBCfl, KnTaeBB. J Te6a 6mKypi- 
to TyroHBKO, HeCoct, py6jieBKaHH r2l6htl. 

— Axb th, CTapuft necb! #a tbi mynajrb Moft onucypB-TO, 

IHTO-JIB? 

— A paaB* hob$pho? Ha *ito jkbtbi JEroSKyBB Hleaai coAe- 
acan? dTaxa* A$BKa passi jho6htb-6bi ie6n 6e8B aeHerb craia? 

— A noqeMy si 6u h se craaia? Pass* h piurovB He Bu- 
rnett? Mh* xomb h copora ^empe roja, a safiB aa^ey a icy- 
Mawyro pytiaxy *a b* pyra rapMOHb 903BMy, TaffB He tojibko, 
6parb, JhD(faa, a cana— h He saaH) kto— bjoo6htbch bb Mena 
HoseTB! AypeHB TU 9 AypeaB, neHB HOBropoACKifi! Tu no ceftfi 
bhaho, cysnmB, ito ie6a 6esB A6Hen» 6a6a nojuoGarB ho mokctb? 

— MeHfl TBI odaBB. 51 hbb t$xb roftOBB Btimeirb. Mh4 
Bory nopa mojihtbch. 

— Bory MOJiHTbCfl?! HfrrB, ?opTy tbi mojmiiibch, a He $ory. 
^to th eBaHAejiBe hoctohhho TOTaemB, *a ncajoiBi (SoacecTBeHHBie 
noemb, Tain AyMaemb, a h He Bnsy Te6a Bcero HacaposB? Bnsy, 
roJiydiHKB, OTJIH^HO Bnsy... 

KoMnamfl KniaeBa hohctobo saroroTajia. CrapHKB He to 
CB0H$yjK6HH0, He to caMo^oBOJibHO npHmypHBB rjuttKH h cjierKa 

yXMBUDBHyBinHCB, yKOpHSHeHHO SaKHBaJTB rOJIOBOft. 

— Botb ropoxHTB... botb ^opOABTB... ?ymB TaByK> npeTB f 
?to A&se ymn MHyrb! 

— ?ymB? A CKaatemb, AeHen> bb bojibhoS soMaHA^ He Ha- 
KonnjiB? fl nojiaraio, y Haci y BcixL sa^cb ctojibko h^tb, 
ckojibeo y Te6a OAaoro bi> KyoiaKi sasaTO. Tojebko th — acnHA>« 
7 Haci bohb, y Bceft KamiaHiH, AecflTKa KaEaa pa^Bi Ha6epexcii, 
KOTopyfo mbi Ha wsmj MoseirB aosbojkhtb ce64 • TpaTHTb, a MBI— 
nocMOTpH: h qafl (5aftxoBuft cbCyjiKaMH nbewb, h 6apaHHHy Kaac- 
*Htifl AeHB Iahmb* A tbi— too tbi 4utb ceroAHJi? GKasH. Cyxapn 
cb BOAOft? ^ase ^aH) EHpnH^Haro He hhjtb? 



KOBEUOA BT> HTTH. 11 

— flfl, a vb cyxapjixB 6ojn>aie asf cy Haxosy, vim* b*b Bameft 
6apaHHffi. Otb Hen tojibko mucjih AypHua bi (fanncy JiisyrL. 

— Xo-xo-xo! mucjih sypHHji... To-to, Hetiocb! ^a th nocToft, 
tm He yxo^H ott> Hacb, ho cepqaft. SL ie6i bott> ito cicaacy, 
HHKOjiaeBi>; no apyatfi. Heiero HaMb nepeicopaMH saHHkaTBCH. 

KaiCB HH KaKT), BB OAHOft TH)pbM* HACKOJIbKO Jt^TB HpOBeJIH. TfilKB 

, bott> hto h npHCOBfcryK) Te64, Aotipa* acejiaio^a: chhmh Mafl^aBTL! 
llapriH, savB bhaho, (toraiaa co6epeica. Otfoporb xopomifi H8i> 
cbohxi A^Herb crfuiaTB Moacemb. « 

— Xm,.. Botl qy^Hoft tu* lejiOBtorb, KnTaeBb! #a hs* Ka- 
khxb jeHen>? T#fc oh* y hohh? « 

— He npnTBopflftcH, HnKOJiaeBi*. Hy, csasuBaft no cob$ctb: 

CKOJILKO y T66fl? 

' — A h He 3Haio cKOJDbKH. Botl EopHOBUH Bqepa noayuurb... 
Otb* nponuiuxi kopmobuxi Toace ABawaTB ranie^, dito-jih, 
enje ocTajiocB... 

— Bpefflt! OBpOMA KOpHOBSIX'B 6CTB. . 

— Otbhshcb th 0Tb Meiui, caiaHa! JTochoah, npocTH sa 
corpimeme... 

fa HroojiaeKb, ^ifiCTBHTejbHO, Ha btotb pasi ocepiaHb, haotb, 
MaxHyKb pyKofl, npoib, conpoBoamaeMufi CK&xoHb h noicaHBeirb 
KounamH. A KniaeBB, npiiAfl nocjrfe BToro coBciurb yate b* faa- 
roAynmoe Hacipoeme h qyBCTBya ce6a n,apbKOMT> He6ojn>moro, 
ho noKopHaro rocy^apcTBa, caMOAOBOjiBHO nyem* Ha 6jooa6?ko 
<zb wdtab'H npoAOJisaeTB pasniarojibCTROBann 

— %o, <5pan> OcBKa HenoMHamift? H Tenepb eme satfoica, 
ho6ocb, XBaTaemBCH, mynaemb. caarb ct6a: chhtch Te6i, a jib b&- 

HBb BCe 9T0 npOHCXOAHTB, STO. TBI 0Tb OTIja HTyMOHa BUpBdJICH, 

Ha nocejieHte haohib? 

— H He roBopn Jiyqrne,— MOTaert 6opoAoft MaaeHLirift qejio- 
BifaeKB, EOToparo 30Byrc> HenoHHan^niTB. 

— A npH3HaTBCfl t h Bee, 6paTb, Bpenn jyMajrb, tto tu Ha 
CaxajiHffB yroffHinB. IIoTOMy poACTBa HenoMHjrauft, ho-hcb caicut, 
no hxb mh4huo, Bpe^Hufi tm HejiOBiicb. H BApyrB h& Tetffe: 
BUXO^HTB npHKaffb — HB KjooqeBCKOft BOJIOCTH nocejiHTB. 

— 3a(5ujiH, BHAH9, bb CTaTeflaufl- sarjiHHyTb, — noATBepAHJi'b 
HojiOAOfi o6pycfeBmift xaTapnTB MaHrnpoBi: — a to rjrfe act 6u 
yflM otb CaxajiHHa? HoH^e BcfixB 6poAflrb TyAu huiotb. 

* — IIpflMO CKa8aTB, CqaCTJIHB'IHKb! BB KjUO^eBCKyK) BOJDEOCTb! 

B$ab ^to, OcBKa, h ao poAHo£ TBoefl A^peBHH, KaacHCB, pynoS 
noAaTB? 

— Mojiih!— He to cepBesno, He^io myMmo rposHTb najii>- 
iteicb HenoHHJin^ift. 

— Kara! h Tenepb enje oma HryMeHa Tpycnnib? Bopothtb, 
(k>nibbCA? HiTB, yact ae bopothtb, APT^ majiamb! Tenepb mu 



12 , PyCGKOE BOrATCTBO. 

BOJiBHBie jhoah... TenepB iieki upuneji&ML mofb 6m th h poao- 

CJlOBie CB06 <)6lvflBHTB. 

HenoMHJintfft ho BUKasuBaerB, OAHaKO, HanipemH oCbhbjhtb 
po^ocjioBie h xpaHHTL ynopHoe Mojraame. 

— #epacH KapMaffb nmpe, o6mbhtb oai— KaKB-se!— oraft- 
naerb aa Hero MaHrnpowb:— oh* EpftnoKB, acim**! 

— Ah cjia6BUia an y Te6n raflka bt> nocifypiie Micfln;u, 
oxi), Kara caafajia!— npoAOJUKaera KoraeKB:— cam ho cboAxo- 
Ahtb, 6tiBaji6, bb TiopBMi no ABopy, Bee AyuymKy cboio AywierB 
Aa ra^aerb: CaxajranB, aju> ho Caxajmrn?.. 

— GxaHemB, HetfocB, jyiiaTB,— Kpamco OTKjuncaeTCH HenoM- 
ranuft. Okb HecaoBooxoraHBB, aaMKHyro bb cetfi, ho aimo ero 
riM-L He Merie ciaerb bo Bpeiu aioro pasrosopa aobojbctbomb 

h pagOCTBK). 

BuHecjia cyABtfa Ha csfrrB Eoacift, iiepTBaro, oTnfrraro j«e 
cobc4mt> qeioBfoca BLraecjia! H BcnoMHHaeTC* eMy, Kara Tjusejaif, 
CTpamHufi cohb, H6#aBHee nponuioe. Tnxift h cHnpeHHtit Myacn- 
hohko, tojibko qxo seHHBmiftcfl h ho ycniBmifl HacjiaAHTBCH, 
Kara cjr&Ayera, paAOCMUH ceHeHHOft shshh, nonaAaerB orb bb 
coj^aTti. HenpmHraaa Taacejiaa jkhshb bictdoioh BBicasaptt... 
TocKa no stent h poahh4... Phab HesacjtyseHHuxB o6hat>... H 
botb THxan h noKopHaa Bcer.ua Ayma BHesarao npopraaeTca h 
sapa6aTUBaerB ce6i AHCiranjiHHapHuft CaTajiBora. CjiyxH o ho- 

BHHOCHMOfi Tfl&eCTH 3KH3HH B*B 6aTSUIB0Br& HaHOJIHfiH)rB 668JH- 

hmm-l ysacoMB cepme mojioaoto coj^aTa — h ohb coeepmaero 
Aepsicifi no6in> hb^hoab dporaro Kapayjia, cb onacBOCTBio no- 
jiyqHTb bt> CHHHy nyjoo vcoBoro, pncKya 6htb nofbfaHHUMB h 
HOABeprayTBCH enje 6oji$e cypoBouy, *rihrb npeacAe, HaKasaHfro. 
Ho cyAB6a, kb cqacTtio, noispoBHTejiBCTBOBaaa eMy. Eroapecro- 
BajEH tojibko aa TBicnqy BepcxB orb Mida no64ra; ora 
Ha3BajB ce<ta Ochhovb HenoMHflnpiM'B h, npHHtfruft 3a (ftr- 
jiaro KaTopsHaro, idfljun* «na yjinwy* no bc$mi> pyAHHKara 
HepuHCKofi K&Topra, hhiw& ho (Shjtb npHBHaro n ocyacfleirb, Ha- 
KOHen.'L, Kara tipoAflra, Ha ierape ro^a BpeMeHHo-saBOACKHXB pa- 
Con.. Bci 3th qerape roAa ohi> ApoxaJFB a^hb h hohb nepeAB 
bosmoshoctbk) 6bFib oTnpaBjieHHUM'L Ha CaxajHFB— h BApyn>... 
BMicTo Bcero dToro, eMy HasHa?aH)Ti> MicTcfU'B noceaeHUipoAHMUH 
najiecTHHul TenepB yace bcarhm^ cipaxaMB KOHem>! Ecjnt 6m h 
HamejiCH TaKoft He^pyrt, KOTopufi no^ejuan 6u nsofoHiHTB ero, 
to caMO HanajiBCTBO ho npHMen> yace Kb CB'hjs^mio o6jra^eHifi: 
ctohtb-jih saBapnBaTB HHKOMy HeHyjKByH) Eamy, KorAa y qejio- 

Bisa HMtlOTCH BHOJlHt ysaKOHOHHIJH, KyiUeHHBIH H^CKOJIBKHMH 

roAaMH CTpa^amfij HOBoe hma h SBame? Ohi> Moserb nojiyqerb 
TenepB b*b CBoefl bojiocth, KorAa' Baxoqeri, aaicoHBoe cbha4t6Jib- 

CTBO H HATH CI HHMB Ha BCi HeTHpe CTOpOHH... ^a, KOHOHJ|aCB 

CTpanman nkTKa! BnepBiie cohb ero MoacerL CTaTB no npeas- 



HeMy THXt h tiesiiHTeseKB. Hhbih, 6ojrfce (faaseHHUH rpesu no- 
CimaiorL TenepB ero hohh: hto-to seHa? %o ohb o Heft ycjiu- 
ihhti.? KaKB-To ona ero npHMero? H guuuco meium h BMidi 
6ojrfe8HeHHO Hoen» cepjme o#b caMuxt pasHopoAHBixB npe^- 
lyBcroift... 

CTapRKb HsKOJiaeFb ohhtb chahtb pmokb cb cynpyraMK 
IlepiriiHOBUMH. Mysi — Heo6uKHOBeHHO cjiobooxotjebbih h caH- 
THMeHTaj&Huft ?6jiob£kb, HcnojiHeHHBift kb TOMy ace BcaqecRaro 
tijiaroqeciiff.' 

— 3, 6pan> th »Moft, HHicoraa HenpaBABi He jdo&ltb. 3a 
npaBxy, Mory CKasaiB, h h nocrpaAajrB, b-b KaTopry npn- 
mejii. ^! H syxa a he hphxoahjtb, bosa* Mera HawjBHHKH 
TorcacB-ace otjqpuuh h Harpa&Aajin AOBftpieKB. Bora xora 6ej 
h xenepB bi» AjuawxB. Kara tojibko abhjihcb mbi cb aenoft, 
Mens h ojHoro aha bt> TfopBiri He Aep&am, hotomj bt> craTeft- 
homt> MoeirB.Bce nponHcaHo... CeJtaacB-se iieHH b*b BOJBHyio 
KOMaHxy, h He to hto6t> aa qracojiyfo KaByw patory, a iipflMO 
ropHUMi) croposeifB nociaHOBHXH. «Mu bhahki>, roBopHri), Ilep- 

KHHOKB, ?TO TBI CTapHKB leCTHBlft, H COB&CTB BT> Te<% 6113,6 He 

noiepjffla. TyrL Te6i hm4cto!> 

— Bt> neiuriMfc T664 m4cto, Ahthitb npoKjumni!.. npo- 
maHEajrB BHeaanno crapHSB Tniio^eeBV y KOioparo 6llho uoh- 
mo Ha Ji6y (cAHTHnaMH hpokmtbimh* oht> o63HBajrB bck> ao- 
porycoj^arb h bchkoo HaiaoiBCTBo). — Ahthitb tli npoKJUuBift!.. 

' nOBTOpHJTB OKB eme pa3T> CB HenOHHTHBIlTB OCTepBeH%HieM'B. 

— A tbi MOJi<ian> 6m ce64,»ypaBJo> AOJiroHocuft,— Cb nepe- 
kochbeihmch jranoirb OTOdBaJCH eMy oi#neH$Binift Ha MHHyiy 
otb HeosHAaHHOCTH nepMnHOBi: — Bora y*B y6iwB, h ijapB sa- 
KjieftMOffB— CHBijrB 6u ce&b m> yray, seBajtB cbo* TafiaicB. Tau* 
H*ri— Ty^a se jriteerB, syga h xohb cb kohbitokb. 

— 3TO TBI-TO BOHB CB KOnUTOITb? AHTHHB TBI HpOBJIHTUft— 

BOTB TBI KTO!.. 

— JKypaBjib! JtaeftxeHBiitl Tafiaqmaft hocb! botb kto th. 

— 3to kto Tarn Hamero sypaBjui o^HsaerB? — BMimajicfl bl 
ccopy cb Apyroro KOHi^a Kavepu KnTaeHB.— A! 3to IIepMHHOBi>? . 
Taxi ero, TaffB ero, acypaByniKa, poAHOftl Ahtehb oh* npoKM- 
Tiift, Ahthitb! 

•>— Ahthitb npoKJumift h ecn>!^-rapKHyjn> eme pasi CTapHKB, 
BUTHHyBmncB bo BecB 'CBoft cojiAaTcrift pocrt h rposHO hocmot- 
piBi> Ha CBoero spara. 

HO HOCJF& 9T0T0 OHB MFHOBeHHO yCHOKOHACH, OHyCTHJICH Ha 

Hapu h cb 6jiaateHHHMT> BBipameHievB hb jiHut, toiho orb co 
BHamn HcaojmeHHaro floara, hphhhjich no npesHOMy aceBartTa- 
6aKb^ yace ho o6pamaa Cojitme BHHHaHk Ha bopkothk) n6paHB 
IlepHHHOBa. A noci$AHift, nopyraBmncB BCJiacTB h MeTHyBi eme % 
HicKOJiiKo 8jio6Hurb B8rjLfl.noBT> bi> CTopoHy THMO^eeBa h En- 



16 PyCCKOB BOriTCTBO. 

najiH? Botb 8a 9to Ohb h roHfleTB Bad Tenept no 64jry 
CB*Ty! 

— A 8a to »e Bacb oht> roHnerb, kojih bei He shah? 

— Hacb? Hac* sa rpixn Hamn... Oxi-oxb-oxb! rpixH Hanra 
Maude! Skuuco mrt xefia, Bopoxobhvb. MyauorB th, a mscy, 
6eaxHTponiHfiift. Born oht> h pyccrifl, HanrL npaBociaBHiift 
(mothjjtb HHKOJiaeBT) tiopoAoft bi CTopoHy Becejio .pasraarojiB- 
CTBOBaBinaro o tohi-to RsTaeBa), a& ™ h*b Toro? HpoAacrB 
h BHflacrb Te6a sa x&ARyro KHirtftKy. H Kan yropasffuo Te6a 
cb sroft ceMBon Fb xaTopry BjionaTLca? 

— 3a Hanpanunray, gbnyum, bhahtb Eofb — sa Hanpain- 
junry. Bi *y*yH> BKienajra. H Bee orroro, wo— 8ha*. OrpaJfajw 
iiepROBB bi> HamevB cej*. Ha Koro nojsjuaxb? Rohoiho, Ha 3KAa. 
Cxftjuiu y mohh o6hckb? H nanura njoaiOKB RaKoft-TO ijepKOB- 
nuft, B03Ayxoin> sobotch... Cam, abhbojtb, bhaho, hoaCpochjtb 
nam* ero! TaKb mu h ao chtb nop* ho sHaewb ct> Ehto*, 
Kara okb y HacB oHyrajicfl. A Heart t6itb — yjMKa! TaEB h 
somen Ha ceimamaTB jt&tb KaTopni. 

— SSasb Tefa, kojih He BpemB. #a! oho nocjiymaTB Hac* 

BCil*b, TaKB H HH OAHOrO, HOIHTaft, BHHOBHarO HO Hafl^eTCil... 

IlepiiHHOKB bohb Toae roBopmrB, sa npaBAy npHmejrB... A yara 
Hero TyrBl no rjiasairB bhaho, hto jh6o A&BKy HSHacHjBHHiaorB, 
jih6o pastfoftHHft npHTOfft co^epsajTb. 

— A tu cam>, A&Aynnca, sa hto ace nonajrB? 

— fl-TO?.. HOJIOSHITB, H-TO, A$&CTBHTejIBHO, 6631 BHHH... flfl 

b*ab kto noB-ipHTB? Kto noB^pHTB? CyA* He noBipHjrB, a yacib 
Te6i-T0, an HHOMy-npoieiiy cb KaKofi ciaxn b$phtb? He jnD&ub 
a h roBopHTB noOTOMy spa. H^abitb Jiynne BnepeAB sarji^u- 
BaiB. Kara 6h He bbuhjio hotokb, hto h saxopry enje no- 
acajor&eniB? 

— H otohb npocTo, — noATBepAHJTB BopyxoBHTB, T0»e JOO- 

6HBmift nopoft no$HJioco$CTBOBaTB: — npaBAy pynucan nocnoBHija 
roBopHTb: tto HjrbeifB, He xpannirb — noTepuBinH nuaTbeL 

nofieciAOBaBT, nooraaca bt> TaKoirB poA$, JfocojiaeB'B, nurpoKo 
staa* h KpecTH poTB, h bhah, hto pasroBopu Ha^HHaiorb npn- 
THXaTB no BC&TB JTMJFb, rose HanpaBHjcH, HaKOHem>, KB CB0- 
eny HicTy. Tain ohb pasocrjiajrB Ha HapaxB cboS yseHBKift 

BOftjIOHHUft TKXfflqOKB, npHMOCTKA HB HSrOJOBBO M^IHOKB H 

sartiTB, ropHHO homojuicb Ha KOzinsiTb h CTyKHyBmHCB h£~ 
ckojibko pasi j6omt> o rpasHLifi dianHEii nojn,, yjiercn hoa*b 
apecTaHTCEyio my6y, HaBpBiBmHCB eio no BpecrBiracKOMy o^u^aio 
cb rojiOBofl. Ho cokb nqjiro ho mejn> kb HeMy. 

'— 0, TocnoAH, rocnoAH, npocTHmB-jra cjia6ocTB Hamy? — 
paaMMmjffljTL crapHKB cb coKpymeHiH'B cepA^^HUirB. — He XBa- 
tejio Ayxy cb nepBaro pasa b% bhh£ cosHaTBcn, TaKB yaci> oho 

H HA6TB, TaKB H JSfi KOHH,a HATH 6yA6lTB. BOTB H SHAB 3T0TB— 



KOBHJKA B*B HYTH. 



17 



Toae, U8.no 6utb, Bpera. EesnpeirfiHHO om bto ijepKOBB orpa- 
6hjtb, cKasaTB tojebko 6ohtcjl Oxb-ox«b-oxi! BcaKOMy-TO h»b 
Hacfe 6ora?ecTBa nyme Bcero xoiotca, h botb npiyroTOBjfieitB 
mbi ce6i h Ha aeiurii, h na Hefii agb Kpoiriarauft. Hy, pasBi 

H6 affb 8T0? XOTB M6Hfl Se B3HTB. ffiHJTB XOpOIHO, nHJTB-'lurb, 

ogfiBajiCfl, saKB jooah, noierb mriurB orb qyacnxft, orb A^eft 
noKopHOCTB — h BApyra HaEocb! Bt» nyiHHy KaicyH) cain> cetfa 
BBep3iurb! TojioBa ckojebko i&Yb 6pma& fouia, Ha Horaxi 6pyc- 
jieTLi sBHEara, npoMeacb KaKoro Haposa »htb npnauocb, ^ero- 
qero ho bha&tb, He cjiuinaTb... Tenepb-io, nojioaaaiB, Bee ya* 
910 MHHOBajio, Ha bojuo HAy... Hy, a Bee y«B He to, ?to npe»Ae, 
6yA6TbI Poahofo lAcra HHKorAa ho yBB»y, Ha iyx6nni bt» jhh- 
semH mmpy, a3jtbmh npoKMraft h satfuruft..* ^a. A kjcoki- 
^C to xiitfa rflfc Ha CTapocra jAtl AotfyAy? Kom h ?octb koA- 
T^ Kaidfl X6HHB0HBH, vb noacfc a& vb roaeHnmaxb sanpflTaHH, Ta^cb 
y b^ab Ha wsxb oxp&xb Bcfl h H&Aesa Tenepb. A moth bth h 
xpanti pasnue, BpoA& KoraeBa, bb csynocjH yicopHBOTB, acMO- 
Aeeirb soByfb. #a 6yxb 6m y camera y BacB mecTbAecarb Tpn 
roAa Ha me4— tto 6b bm sanfcjra Tor^a? H ?yAaKb so btotb 
RHraeBi: emen, roBopffTB, MafiAanB. IlapTia, mojtb, 6ojn>maH h 
cb A^HBraMH cocraBHTCfl* Hy, a& rA$ »* mh$ CTapnKy TaKHVB 
A&ioirB opyAOBaTB? Pa3opHmBCH tojbko— Hiraero dojxBine. Oho 
AonycTHVB, rpaMOTHHft a, h rjxasa enje sopKie hm4eo. Oco6jihbo 
HyApeHaro HHiero h TyrB ho BHsy: Kaprb h^ckojibko kojioab. 
satracH Aa cjAah— 3Haft, ckojibko naprifi: sa hoib carpaM, 
t^^* ckojbko Ha tboio aojuo npontenry npaiTeTCfl... #a h4tb! TB<^y- 
TB$y, npodH Tochoah! Hymaft cans CHHMaioTB, mh£ h AyvaTb- 

TO Ofo 9T0BTB rpiXB!.. 






Ha cjrfiAyromift a^hb nocjii npieMSH hoboS: napria o6a ho- 
uepa OTBopajiH h apecTaHram, hosbojioh pasH^CTHTBCfl ^bb Ka- 
Mepax'B no co6cTBe>HHOMy acejiamtt). HeMe^neHHO H3* 6ojrf>nioft 
Kaiiepu vb MeHBmyio HaxjniHyia njiiaH Tonaa tJxb, y Koro ho 
<5buo TairB M4da na Hapaxi, h c^finaaocB Be3At TaKB t4cho, 
Kaffb o6uKHOBeHHo 6uBaen> t4cho Ha 3TanaxB. H Ha nojy, h 
Aase hoa% HapaHH— BesAi hoh£cthj[ch HapoAB. niyMB ctohjib 
HeBoo6pa3HMLift. Maxopowuft %um> k napB otb AUxanBa Jiwji.efi 

(He CMOTpfl Ha MHOrOJMOACTBO, 6UJI0 A0B0JTBH0 XOJlO^HO) SaCTHJiaJIH 

BOBAyxi cb nojiy ao HOTOJiEa. Boranafl napiin, npiixaBman Ha 
napoxoffb hsi BjiaroBimeHCEa, 6ujia cauoro pasnocopTHaro h 
pa8HOxapasrepHaro cocTaBa: 6bijih bb Heft h npocme 6e36ajieT- 
HEie, OTnpaBjtHBmiecfl no 9Tany Ha poAHHy, foura h ocys^eHHue 
yace no pasHUirb qiiairb bt» Kaiopry h mpflnrie Tenepb bb py,n- 
hhkh; qejiOB^KB se ABaAitaTb aojisho 6bijio eme cyAHTBGH bb 
HpnyTCKi. 9ra nocjrh&Rsui rpynna, cocTOHBinan H3B jitoAefi 6o- 

1* 8. Or^iii I. 2 






18 py'CCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

raTuxi) h HaxajiLHurb, bhahmo, BepxoBojmjia bt> napriH. EpacHo* 

piqHBUfi pa8CKa3HHKL, CB KOTOpUHl 06paTHHKH n03HaB0MHZHCB 

Biepa ckbosb ABepHyio mejiKy, KpacHonepoBi no $anraiH, oua- 
s&acfl rocnoAHHOMt jiirt TpHjmara nam, He6ojiLinoro pocra, ci> 
oqeHB 6jrfejiHLun> mnom h npoflupjiHBuuH KapHMH rjtasKaioi, 
oa4thmi> vb cipufi nHA»aKi> cb auuieTOMi, Ha KOToposrb Kpa- 
coBajiacb sojioTafl i$nowa (Jes* tocokb. Oh* Tame ixaav 
cy^BTBca no A*Jiy ofo orpafaeniH KapaBaHa h cb abhok> rop- 
AOCtbh) sa^Bju^jTB, wo eny rposHTB BepeBRa... nflTepax-B-mecre- 
puxi> TOBapBmeft, cb ne MeHtmefi ropAOCTBH) roTOBHBmHxca Vb 
Toft ase y^acTH, oht> pyrajii 3a rjiasa AemeBEaMH h fl8nraHRaMH. 
Mes^y npoHHKB, EpacHonepoB* npHBejn> cb co6oft HajneHBKaro 
vuB^HKa j&Tb ceMH, secBMa 6ofiKaro h pa8BB8Haro, saKjrcwu- 
BaBmaro OAHy pyny bi> Eapiiavb 6pK)KB, a Apyroio HeycTamo 
aymmmaro Ee^poBBie opixn. 

— Botb Hami PBHaj[BAO-PHHajiBAHHH 9 aTaMaHi) maftRa! — 
rpoiiorjiacHO OTpenoyeHAOBajn ohb MaiBiHEa Hanum aHaEOX- 
n.aM'b HnKOJiaeBy, EHTaeBy h ApyrawB. 

MajiB^HKi uha$» Ha bc&x'b cirfuio h canoyBipeHHO, nepe- 
boaj) ct> OAHoro JiHE^a Ha Apyroe cboh nHTMBHe cipue raaaa, 
h ycijicjj, naiTB Cojutmofi, Ha napu. 

— left se 3to? Chfb tbo*, .niTO-m? — nojK>6onuTCTBOBajrB 
HHEOJiaeBi. 

— H4tb, 3to chhi 8HaM6HHTaro eBpea Hemo. IIoxHHTe, 
Toro, wo h4ckojibko jiirB nasaAfc noBtmeHTj 6hjtb bt> *Iht* 
Birtcrt cb Kymjoin AjieKcieBUMB aa orpafaeHBe nora*? MaiB- 
to ero 3a Apyroro TenepB Bununa, To»e espea, KOiopuft iAerb 
no Hameaiy se #&Jiy bt> HpnyTCicb cyAHTBC*. 

— H 9Toro, HaAo 6bitb, noB*caTT>? 

— HaAo 6utb, ^to TaicL. Botb cyAB(fa uajooTKH yAHBHTejOr 
naa, a? Jlpyxb omoBi> hm4tb h o6ohxb Ha BHcftdHnj oxnpa- 
bhtl! H bbi He noBipMe, nosajiyfl, KaKofi pasBHToft MaaiBiHinEa? 
CeMH ji4tl enje H$n>— h see noHHiiaerB, KaKt Bspocjuaft. Oh* 
y HacB Taicb h soBeicn aiaafaHOifB mafimff! 

— BuApaTL-6Li ero xopomeHBEO— He CTajrB-6u TaKB 3BaTB- 
cal — cb HeroAOBaHieM'B saHBHjix HnsojiaeKB. 

— Xa-xa-xa!— cjiumaniB, Mama, hto A^xynrca npo Tefa 
roBopnrb? 

— PyKH KopoTKH,— oTpisajit aianaBTB maflicH, HaxajiBHo 
norjMA$Bi> Ha A^symRy h BBuuuoHyBB hso pTa opixoBUH CKop- 
jiynKH.— GeroAHH fb Eapm CTaHeie nrpaTB? — nojno6onHTCTBO- 
biui> Offb saxiMi y cBoero noKpoBHTejLfl. 

Ho nocji^Anifi oTomejn> yace b*b dopoHy cb KHTaeBMirb, 
ycniBmHMi) saansaTB ci hhitb 6jiH3Koe SHaKOMCTBo, h TenepB 
AepsajrB KaKoe-To TaHHCTBeHHoe coB^maHie. * HicKOJiBEO KHHyro 
cnycTH ohh BABoewb noAonuiH ohhxb kb HnKOJiaeBy- 



kobwlkjl fl nyra. 19 

— Hy, IlaBejH) Hroojiaeffb! SL He spa coBfrroBajrB TeCi* 
B?epa ifafiA&ra CHMaTB. Botb nocaymaft, hto roBopim> , qe- 
jiob4fb. 

— #a, a mwb CKaaty, ^to 9to a*JK> toiho noAXOAHm.ee. 
HMifiTe m> BHAy, itc^ eBpeft JleBeHmTefiH'B virarb bi> btj n.W. 
Hai OAHoro BToro MoaeTe hohbtb, HacKOJiBKO BuroAnoe a&imjg. 

— Hy, h nymaft ero CBraaerB. Mh4-to dito... Ho mh& xotb 
TaTapHHi) cbjmh! a xjrfrfa OTHHMaTB hh y Euro He xo*y; bc4 
iiu Tyra 6esi> OTija, 6e»B NaTepn, bcjikb o ce6t npoifunuurit. 

— He wb tomt> a4jio, CTapHKi). A Hairo, pyccpiirB, o6haho 
tfyAerB, kojih jkhah bch) napriio kb cboh pyKH safiepyrB. HMifiTe 

BT> BHAy, HXl Ty^ MHOrO. HjLOXO HaHB HpHAeTC*. 

— MeHa o6ha£tb hhkto He Mosero. Byjy nojxynaTB cboh 
KopuoBHH — h BCH Tyn>. Hy, a kojih escejiH TaKan sa6oTa 6e- 
pert Baci>, TaicB caMH 6li h cmiaJiH MaftAaffB. 

— AypaKB tu tiesnosrjiufi, HHKOJiaeBT), hcthhhuA AypaEi>! 
#a Ka6ti y nacB A^HBra 6bijih, HeysTO-Gu mm Te6i npejJio- 
»hjih? H Tetifc, Kara seMJiHKy, Ao6pa xoqy. Ckojibko jk&tb BM4crfe f 
vb HIejiaA npoacHjin, He rpix* 6u .Teftfc, cxapoMy nopTy, h 

nOCTO^TB Sa^CBOHXl. 

— A cb iero b hoctoio-to? Tjsjb y Mena Kynnaa-To, ito(Si» 
MaflAaHU CBiMaTB? MHoro-jiB Ba Hero sanjiaTHTB-TO naAHTB? 

— HycTHKH. &> AByxi> pyCjiefl HaiHyra. Hy, AoroHOTB, 6mtb 
MoaceTB, ao mecTH. 

— BoHa nasoft KanHTajrB ny&ewbl H^tb y iieHH aTaKHXB 
AeHerB. #a h 6bijih-6'b — He KynHjrB 6u. 9xo roBOpme bbi tojibko 
Tara, hto napiia Baraa Coraian, a norjHAHTe-Ka dBOHa, same 
ceHaTopu paAOiTB co MHOfi yjierjiHCB... HIy6a-T0 npflMo, HetiocB, 
eHOTOBan?.. Binefl-io, Bmeft-TO, * xyitaH), ckojibkh! 

— Hy, KaKB BairB yroAHo, (fauia 6u toctb npeAJroraeHa. y 
MeHfl caHoro Tarn ACHBrn HafiAyrcH. He xot4jiocb mh4 tojibko 
uapaTBCH o6i> bto a^o. A asHsy JleBemnTefiHy a BceiaBH ho 
yciynjiH), hh sa *to ho ycTynjno! 

H HOBoncneqeHHBie spysBH otodijih otb cTapnKa npo^B, 
eapoHHBi), oAHano, bb Hero TpeBOSHyH) Aywy. CKpeciEBi pyKH 
Ha rpyAH, MejpeHHOft hoxoakoA nomejTB oh*b b-b tiojamyfo Eaiiepy 
nomaTaTBCH npOHesi napoAa, npacayinaTBCH b*b 6ee&A&irB h 

npHCMOTpfiTBCH Kb HOBBIMl jmH&Wb. 

BnenaTjiiHie otb CTOft nporyjuur BtiHecB obtb, noBHAHMOMy, 
(faaronpiflTHoe. HapoAi*, A^flcTBHTejiBHO, Kasajrcn 6oraTUHi. H4- 
ckojibko pasi) m> Te^eme aha oh*b cain» hoaxoahjtb nocJii aioro 
kb KHTaeBy h saroBapneajTB o MaflAaHi. 

— Tu roBopnmB, KnTaeBB, MaftAanii-MOjrB... ^asiAB taAk'b 
mai o6opyAOBaiB TaKoe a^jio, CTap*B k... 

— A qero TaM*B opyAOBaTB? OoproBajrB, KynHjrB— h 6acia. 

IIoflMH TU, CTapBlfi qyp6aHB, TTO HHKTO B^A^ TO^a OKpOHA 

2* 



20 PyCCKOE BOIMTCTBO. 

Te(Jfl bo scefi napriH He tiyaerb ra npasft hhtJvb ToproBETht 
O^Hoft ToproBJieft BepHemB ce6i to, ito samiaTflmB. A Kapra? 
Tu nosyMafi tojibko, Kaxaa nrpa TyrB nofiaerb. 7m6hh, tiparo, 
sapaK&e pyra *emyTca... Tyn> espefi oahhb octb— nponutyio- 

HOSB, FOBOpHTB, ^BiCTH irfUIKOBUXB CnyCT^JTB H XOTB 6u HO- 

MopqHjicfl. Enje ctojibko ate caycTHTB roroffB. Ob AByxcora Ha 
tbok) aojqo ^BaroaTB pytfjeft npHnuiocB-6u... Botb h CMeraa, 
jypaffB. Hath-to HasrB npsxercfl so BepxHeyxHHcica jpa irtcaija, 
a sanjiaraniB tu Bcero KaKaxB-HHtiyx* raecTB pytfjiefi. 

— ToBopHTCfl tojibko TaKB, w> mecTB, a xopoino a ana©, 

*TO H JO BCtXft A6CHTZ XOrOBUITl. 

— Hy, aa xotb 6u a flecaTB. PasBHSH MomHy-TO, acmwB* 

— Hiiy yneHH dcromcETB aeHen>, roBopw Te64— HirB. 
#a h to enje: Haw b4a& TOBapnma HaraTB, nononpoiBa. 

— H HaftMB. 

— Koro HaftMemB? Tyn xo6pocoB&CTHut qejiOBiicB HyseHB. 
Botb Ka6u OcBKa HenoMflamift noraejB, Ha xapin 6u hoh no* 
crynHJTB. A enje 6u jyqme tu, KaiaeBT>. H 8Haio, itq tu 
nofljrei(B h MomeHHHiTB; py, ja Mesui-TO ciapHKa, tu, a SHaio, 
He otiHA&rb 6u... , 

— Tarn bhkho tfyserb... KynH paHBine! 

— Hfrro, yarB Eon ct> mr&, ci naflRaHOM*... Hiro, h*tb!. 
OroftgH otb M6HA, HCEymeme caTanHHo! IIoc£th hoha ijapb 
flaBUs* h kpotoctb ero! 

— 3airiurB omtb CBoe... ^a ayma Hro tc6h bohb h hst> 
AaBUfta. TBoero! TB$y! nomejrb otb MeHH ko bc4mt> flBHBOJiairB, 
acMoxefi 6e3AymHufi! Hpona^H tuhcb fleHBraiiH cbohhh, hsjoxhh 
Ha hhxb, necB cMeparfmift! 

— dsjio HymB ropojHraB! 9Kyio qyms npemb!— yKopasfleHHO 
Kaqajn> rojiOBOft HnKOJaeBt h iiejjieHHo otxoahjtb enje pas* 
npo^B. 



7 Bcasaro CBoe rfuio « cboh satioTu. Haetfojrte sauKHyTo 
h crpaHHO Besyrb ceda Cyupyra IlepKHHOBEi. 06a, bhahiio, ^ero- 
to BonyioTCH, H3B-3a qero-TO ccopjrrca, xota Bee hpohcxo^htb 
hoxb cypxHHKoft, copa H3B hs6u ho buhochtch. MysB thxhitb 
monoTOMi) A&iaeTb aceHi KariH-To BHymemn. HasoHem, OHa 
He BUxepasHBaerB h yAapaeTCfl hb cjiesu. 

— Bcertfa botb TaKB, Bcer^a xaKB... ^[to-sb a xy^oro cj^- 
jrajia? 3HaKonut HejtoBftBi oTUCKajtcn, noqeiiy aci> 6bijio He do- 
roBopHTB? Iloieify qaio cTaxaHa He npesjioJKHTB? Tu ace cam> 
HamejrB BaRHXB-TO Tose BHaEOMurB, n^jiuft qacb hb tomb Hy- 
Mepy npocHA&TB— a HHqero... 

BojmyacB, OHa BosBumaoTB nocreneHHO roaoci, npEBJOKan 
BfB ce6i BHHMame ny&uiKH. 



KOBHIBA BB II7TE. 21 

— D^unii!— natBHo meMymHMB rojiocoirb ocTaHaanHBaerb 
66 Mpti; raasaifH ohb touo cotinpaeTCfl ee nporjioiHTB h bccb 
APOShtb on CAepsHBaeiioft BHyTps hpocth. 

Otb BHHMaHiH ItaraeBa He ycKOJiBsaen asa cejueftHaa cijeHa. 

— Ea! TusHTe, petfaTa,— kphtotb ohb cb Apyroro KOHija 
nanepH: — IlepifHHOBB, Haso 6mb, omtb cboio seHy npapeBHO- 
Bajcb. Ystb He Kb HameMy-JB ciapi^y 6osiio? Bi.ua 6a6i — Aa b 
Ha! Hoqbio iriMmcaim ee co bc&xb ctopohb otfraaAHBaerb, to>($b 

KTO-HHtiyftB HOAH&8TB H6 npHXHTpHJICH, a AHeVb BIlftTH, CB 

flosBOJiemfl csaaaTB, OflHy He nymaen. 9ft, mica! #a hjoohb th 
Ha Hero, CTaparo xpina. Maao-jrB Tyn> mojioawkobb octb no- 
mwp ero. Xoma 6u iiena Banjia— nojraotinja. 

— • .Ha-H BipHO, AjiAeHBKa, w> peBHyera... JGBLhtbh npocto 
ho CTajio, — OTsuBaexcA BHmeAmaa H8B ce(5a Tenta. — Jfooaeft-TO 
xotb 6li nocxtiAHJic^! Kto yacB nosapHTCH TenepB Ha iieHH? 
n^TBAecfln BiftB BTOpoft roAi... 

— IIlKypa tli, micypa, — phtotb Ha Hee Myara, aaofao CBep- 
xafl rjiasaHH: — Kara nouy a ie6a JiynnTB, Kara noray jymrrB, 
Tara 6y^emB th sHaxB Tor.ua, Kara uecraa* aceHa AOJiacHa^ 
BecTH ce6a. 

— A qiM-B a HeoiaAHo cetfa B6Ay? 

' — A T*MB, UTO CO BCHKHMB HpOXOAHMHMB XBOCTOMB TOTOBa 
KpytHTB. 

— T%$ sl xboctom-b-to Kpyiy? 

— Tara y3HaemB r^k... OepBBa! 

H BCjrfeAi aa bthhh cjOBaxg nocjurinajcji SBOJurift yxapi 
nomeqHHH. 2fibHnjHHa rpoMso sapHAajia. Bca Eauepa, Kara 
oahhb qeaoBira, onojratfjacB npornBB TaKoro caiioynpaBCTBa 
(eAHHCTBeHHO noTOMy, KOHeiHo, ito bc4 eAHHOAyniHo HeHaBHA&m 
HepMHHOBa): KKraera nponsHecB Aaae i^yio ropjnyio pfriB bb 
san^aiy ryHaHHOCTH Bootfme h seHCKoft caa6ocTH ra qaciHOCTH 
h ?yTB He nojitoB bb Apasy cb IlepMHHOBHra. HaKOHen,!), no- 
cji$AHift, maoBjvb bb cepAnaxB, y me jib bb coc$ahiok) Kanepy. 
JKeHa ate ero aojito eme cn^ijia h njuusajia. Ciaprfra Hhbo- 
jiaeBB HOAomejrB kb Heft cb pascnpocaiiH. JIhiho y Hera/ He cmotp* 

Ha HJITBAeCATB ABa rO^a, KOTOpiJXB OHa-TOJIBKO ito saHBHJia, 
A0B0JIBH0 eme HOJIOSaBOe H MHJIOBHAHOe. IIOBHAHMOMy, 6ujio 

BpeMH, Kor.ua 0Ha snajia Jiy^myio shshb. Bb cepjm* ^> ^ 

8T0MB HOKOpHOMB H SatiHTOHB CepAA^, AOJISHO 6&ITB, MHOrO 

HaKHnijio sjioct^ h npoTecTa: orjiHAUBiuncB desnpecraHHO Ha 
ABepB, CKoporoBopKoft h Bnojirojioca pHa pascKaaajia HflKOJiaeBy 

BCH) CBOK) SHBHB. ' 

— Th ero, ff&AyniRa, He caymaft, wo ohb o CBoeifb (faaro- 
necTm xe6i cKasKiBajiB. Pas6oftHHKB 6butl, Hacronnuft pasCoft- 
hhkb. H qiiiB npHKOJiAOBajiB M6ha — npaBO, caita He Mory bb 
*tojikb b8otb— hh KpacHBBift, hh CoraiBift, hh paayMHBift... BeHB 



22 P7C0K0E BOrATCTBO. 

nHeifBl H b^ab sa Bioporo aa Hero Bunuia. On nepBaro-To Mysa 
y MeHH AO^Ka yarB Bspocjian em. CXSb CameHBKfe-To a nyme 
Bcero h KpyraycB. *Ito-to TenepB cb Heft, rojytioHBKOft itoeft, 
CTajiocB? XopomeHBKaa-TO KaKan 6ujia, Katfu th bha&tb, ao*h- 
KaTHaa, H&KHan, pobho tiapnniHH... IIoB&pHinB-Jui: h ee-ToVfejb 
ohb oKOJAOBajrb! ^OMorajiCfl Toace... yrposu xkn&xb... h neiuiflo 
ctliahjich! 

— ^ero sb tbi ho 6pocnmB ero, Taicoro BapBapa? 

— #a b$ab * ne BOABHaji tiiua. & b$a* tos<s cb jurae- 
Hiein> npaBi> npHnuia. Owb h MeHH bb 3th jr&Jia cboh BOBjieKb... 
IIoTOHy KaKB a He aohochjhi h yKpuBajia... 3a 3to h ocyAran. 
TenepB, roBopniB, iiaHa^ecrB aojukoitb 6htb npHMiHeHB ko mh4, 
Aa* botb ysHaTB He Hory HacTOHnpurb o6pa80irB — bb KaKoifb 
CMticjii npHirfmeHB. CaitB-TO, -mao 6utb, BHaerB, a mh£ h& 
roBopHTB n y jno^efi cnpamnBaTB He AaerB. 

— ^TO-aCTb OHB— CHJIOft, SHaqHTB, JSflJtlRRTb Tetffl? 

— yrposaitH, A*AyinKa... Bee botb xo*y cb jofipuMH jih)abmh 

HOCOBiTOBaTBCH, KaKB 6u yflTH Jiyqme, AaHHKaffBH6B03M02SH0-~ 

eroposHTB. ^a enje b$a& ?to: xoierB, ?to6b & h CameHBsy 
cioxa ate eb- HaMB sBajia. 

Ho TyrB pascKasinija npHKycnjra BHesanHo hbhkb, noioiiy 

HTO IlepMHHOBB HOKa8&ICH OHHTB BB flBepHXB, HOflOSpHTejIBHa 

orjumuBaa HnsoJiaeBa, KOTopuft ch^jtb paaomi cb seHoft, py- 

MflHHft H B0AHMO BSBOJIHOBaBHtlfi. 

— SI npomy botb A*AymKy nncBMeijo kb Canienbici Ha- 
HHcaTB, — nocniinHJia OHa o6bhbhtb Myaey cb AiaaHHoft, saHCKH- 
Baionjeft yaBi&coft. 

IlepMHHOBB npHHHJTB TOTSaCB SO CBOft 06uiH£lft M6A0T01HB£lft 

bhab h HaqajTt npocHTB HflKojaeBa cohhhhtb hhcbho, He OTKjua- 
jpjBan bb AOJnift hh^hkb. dapHKB He sacraBHJTB ce<ta yroBapn- 
BaTB h, AOCTaBB jhctb cipoft 6yn;arH, nepo h qepHBma h Boopy- 
shbihhcb orpoMHHMH cTapoMOftHBuiH oiKauH bb qepenaxoBoft 
onpawfc, HeveAJieHHo npncTynajiB kb coiHHHxejiBCTBy. OnepBa 

CJ$AOBaJIH otilHHBie HOOOHH BCeft pOAH* H SHaKOMUMB, saiiMB 

ofibrmoe acer <IIocfiuiaK) Te6$, raXJesHaa ao*& moh * CanieHBKa, 
MaTepflHCKoe cBoe SjiarocjoLOBJieme, KOTopoe uosotb 6htb Bain> 
nojresHUMi, ao rpotfoBoft Bameft aockh». ^ajrBme pacnscuBajiacB 
hpkhmh KpacKaMH npejiecTH h BuroAM jkhshh bb 3a6aftKajiBCK0& 
o6jDtacTH h, bb aaKjiroqenie, npeflJiarajiCH CaraeebKi cob^tb 6po- 
chtb He&iaroflapHyio pdAHHy h ixaTB kb jno6HmHMB po^HTejiHM^ 
Ha HOByio, 6ojrfie cqacuHByio shshb. 

dapyxa Bce % Bpenn sajiHBajiacb cjesaMH, noKa nncajiocB 
hhcbmo, OAHaKo TaKB h ho nocMijia BucKasaTB KaKoe-Ha6yj|b 
npoTHBoptqie TOHy, mto AHKTOBajiB MyacB« BsrjHA'b ero seie- 
Hux'b rjia3B ? Kasaiocb, jcuiULsm bb Heft BCAKyso mbicjib, no- 
AaBJUMB BCHKoe ABnseme en co6cTBeHHO& bojih. H HaKOJiaeBy 



KOfiEUKA FL UYTE. 23 

6hULO H6C0MH$HH0, <JTO M61TBI. 6fl yftTH'OTB Hero TaKB H OCTa- 

HyTCH HaBcer^a nycTUMH, Hec(>UTO<rauMH MOTraMH... 



Tojebko <rro sanepjra nocjrfc Beqepneft nosipEH Koppmopi, 

OCTaBHBB Ha 9T0tb pS3T> KaJieptl OTBOpeHHHHH v Kaffb KTO-TOnpO- 

Kpnajrb shihuhb rojiocoirB, HTofo bc4 cxoahjhcb bb oaho 

MiCTO Ha BUfiopi apTeJIBHIUb IHHOBHHBOB'B. ApeCTaHTU HOBaJIHJlH 

totwcb ace Bt 6oju>myK) Kaiiepy, oahh ABHSHMue otfmecTBen- 

HHKH HHCTHHRTaMH, jpyile— HpCfcTEUrB JHO^OHHTCTBOlTb. Bb M6HB- 

meft KaMepi ociajiHCB Ha uteri tojibeo BopyxoBHM, IlepuH- 
HOBii Aft cyMacmeAinift BoBa, HenoABH&HO CHA$Binifi bt> CBoeirb 
yrjiy Fbmansi h mytffc, cyraBmift EaEyio-xo BepeBsy HBopiaB- 
mift cetfi hoab hoct> saria-To satuiHHaHifl. ^ase 76-jr&THift 

TBMOfyee&b CT> CBOHKB flJIHHHLIMB TfctfaraHMB HOCOKB H KieftMOlfb 

Ha Mopn^HHHdOH'B Ji6y nonjuejiCH BK&CTfi cb ApyrHMH. A BuepeAH 
BG&xb HecniraeMMH maraira ABnraacfl bt> CBoeft titaoft pyfoxi, 
cjiokhbT) Ha rpyAH pyEH h h4ceojibeo HacMimjiHBO yjuitfaflCB, 
CTapHKT> HflBOJiaeB'b. 

— Hy, htq, He HaAyMajrB, acMOAel?— xjioirayjrB ero no mie?y 
cyerjiHBBift KuTaeBt h, He AO»A&BmHCB oTBfcra, notftaajTB Bne- 
peA> posBicKHsaTB KpacHonepoBa. Ho KpacnonepoBi yae cain> 
saHBHjrB o ce64. Bso6paBinHCB Ha Hapu, £ohb ;saEpn<iajrB kt> 
co6paBmefiCH mini: 

— He 6yAeMB leparb, rocnoAa, BpeiieHH, %o EacaeTCfl cia- 

POCTBT, TO MH BC$ 8A$CB CifijIO M0S61TB ystpHTB otfpaTHyK) 

napriio, wo jryqme npeacnaro Hamero crapocTU CfiKCTyaoBa 
sejiaTB HeJiBSfl. #a h Bii6npaTB 6ojiBine Hesoro. 

— EaEB Hesoro? CoicojioBa moscho BHtfpaTB, a He to [Hsa- 
HOBa, nocjoiraaacH qefi-TO rojioci h3*b saAHHXB pflflOB*. 

— ^ero TyrB pasroBapraaTB? CBHCTyHOBa ocTaBHTb! otfpaT- 
Haa naprin coraacna!— aarjiymsma ero KpnoaBaa raoTfia K&ia- 
eBa, yace yenifimaro CHioxaTBCH h co CB&CTyHOBHirB. 

— GBHCTyHOBa! CBHCTyHoaa! 

— CoEOMBa! 

— Hy, TaEB, BHaqHTb, pimeHO, rocnoAa, ocTaBHMB CBHdy- 
Hosa,— saEjnoHHXb KpacHonepoBi>, saEB-6u He pa3CjiuinaBaiia 
ApyrnrB rojocoBi.— OcTaeTca TenepBJtfojfte BasHoe a*io— npo- 
Aasa Ma&A&Ha. A to HacHAHHCfl bt> ^opori *fa n q a H>, caxapy h 
Ta6asy. Ceojebeo se n&ume sa MafiAanB, cxapHKH? 

Befi MOJiqajiH, 

— a caMi roTOBi ppib Tpn pytfjM,— 3aflBHJiB TorAa Kpacno- 
nepoBi). 

— Tpa pyfijw. Kto 6ojaine?— saspHqajTB, noHBjumcb BApyrb 
Ha TixB ace Hapaxt h 6epa bt> cboh pyEH 6pa3AU npaBJieHia, 



24 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

CTapocra CBHCTyHOBt, iiytaraHHa aMeraqecKaro cjioacema cb po- 

30BHMH Ha^yTBIMH meKEllH H flJHHHHMH pHSfflMH JCaMH. 

— • ^erape py6jui xaH),— OTosBajoi KpacHBHft 6pK)H6TB cb 
roa#KO Bti6pHTUMH n^esaiiH, oxfrruft bb qepHHft ciopxyKB h c4- 
pue Bjfrrarae tipioRH. (heBH,&Ho, bto h 6hjtb eBpeft JleBeH- 
mreftffb, o KOTopom npesynpeawajiB KpacHonepoBB. 

— CjHmHTe: lerupe... Kto (fojaine? 

EpacHonepoffb npefljio«HjrB mecra pytijeft, JleBeHmTefiffB bo- 
cem>. Ilocjrt Toro KpacnonepoBB saMOJur*. Chhctjhobb roroBuca 
y*e BHKpmHyTB, hto MafiaaHB nocrynaert Kb JleBeHmTeftHy, 
Kara B^pyn cb npoTHBonoiosdoft CToporai, nn tojoih, nocra- 
majica Herpomift h towo oxpHnmii h£cko»bo huocb, sacra- 

BHBDlift BclxB H6B0JIBH0 OtfepHyTBCfl! 

— IhnmeCOTb KHnieKB wl6sbjlsud. 

— Eal zeiumoKb? 3to th?— nayiourc* otfpaflOBaHHuft Kh- 
TaeBt: — He ycrynaft, He ycrynaft, Cpar*, rawy, noxnapacH Ha- 
hihxb! 

Bci sazoxoTajiH h npoTOJUtau HraojaeBa Bnepe^b kb Ha- 
pairs, rgb npoHexoAua 6opb6a. 

— UaTbfficarb KHnieFB HaCaBju™,— hobtophjtb ohb enje pasB, 
OTKamjfflBa^CB, h ciriuio BsrjumyjiB Ha npoTHBHHKa cbohmh ci- 
puMH npoHHAaiejiBHBniH raasaira* 

— ^ecHTL pyfaeft »»,— o(^bhib JleBeHnrreftHB. 

— n^TBAecjirb ranieaB Ha6aBJMiio! — HeBosifytHiio oto3buci 
HHsojiaeffb. 

— ^iHawaTB py6jefl! 

— .^HajWaTB CB HOJITHHOft... 

— ^eTHpHamaTB. 

— MeTtipHawaTB cb nojiTHHofl... 

— Oro-ro-ro! Mojo^BHBma crapHBB. He ycTynaen! He po- 
6ierb\ 

— Aft, & IIaBejn> HHKOJiaeBB. 3Haft HamnxB mejiaftcKHXB! 

— fla h He ycTynjoo... Bu Kara jyiiajiH?— npiocaHronracB, 

BaJIBHJLB HBKOJiaeRB, TOpseCTBeHHO OtfopaiHBaflCB KB TOJffl* H 
BMBHBaff BB Hefl BSpUBB COiyBCTBeHHarO XOXOTa. 

— 3HauTB, HeTHpHajmaTB cb HOJITHHOft. Kto 6ojn>me? 
JleBeHinTeflHB coBfrroBajica cb KyiKoft TOBapnmefi. Phaomb cb 

hhhb onyTHjiCH h KpacHonepoBB, io«e qTO-TO menHyBmift eiiy. 

— Biopoft pasB ^eTwpHajmaTL cb HOJITHHOft..* Kto 6ojttme? 

— HlecTHajmaTL pyfijieft, — cKasan JleBeHnrreftKB. 

— IIIeCTHaWftTB CB HOJITHHOft,— KaKB 3X0, OTKJUIKHyiCA Hh- 
KOUeBB. 

OHB 6bUL*b, BHftHMO, BSBOJIHOBaHB H KpaCeHB, EaBB Bap6HUft 

paKB, ho Ha xBujb HanHcaHa 6ujia TBep^aa pimHMocTL. KmraeBB, 
bb BCBpeHHeHB BOdoprt, to-h-a&io HOCUJiajTb eiiy rpOHKU oao6- 
peHin. 



• KOBIUKA Wb OTTH. 25 

— He poftit, Apyarame, Kaiafi-ero! 3axaT£iBaft! 

— A ?ero xyuaemB? H He otipofitaol— xBacraxc* pacxoxHB- 
mifica cTapHuiHa: — TaKB npjmo ao cothh h crany raaxB. 

Tojina OTBirajia Ha 9th cjiOBa hobumb pafloCTHHMB roroxameMB. 

— He dapHKB bto, a npHMo — jpa cb 6oBy! 

OAHaKO, kto-to hsb daropasyMHHXB HOAomexB eb Heiiy h 
Apy&ecxn npeAynpeAUB, *to Ma&AaHB bpaab-xh ctohtb TaxnB 
AeHerL. 

— CsasaxB: ao cothh raa» 6yxy!— He cjiymaa, BpHEHyxB Ha 
Hero HflEoxaeBB h HeiepnixHBO Maxnyxi pysoft. 

JIeB6HmTeflH% hhmhbo hocmotp&ib Ha Hero. 

— ^ajwaTB pyfixeft, — npoBOsrxacxxB ohi> TopsecroeHHo. 

— JE^BawaTb cb nojiTHHofl,— AaxB cboA ofonmdk otb*tb Hm- 
-EOjaaeBB, aoboa* Becejie toxhu ao HCTepHKH. 

JleBeHinTeflHi OTCTyiraxc*... CBHCTynoBB yxapHJTb xyxaEOMB 
no Haparo. 

— MaflaaHB sa Totfoft, cxapxEB! HoxoBHHy AeHera, no 0611- 
laio, cefaacB-ae BHecx. 



.-• 



He ycnixa coctootboT npoAaasa Mafljaea, Eax* HaiaxH hoa- 
6npaTBCH arpoKH. Ohh coihjihcb bb neHBrneft Eaiiepi, rA* y 

OftHOt H8B CT4HB HaXOffHJIOCB eflHHCTBeHHOe Micro BO Been* 

aranft — sasajiocB, conepmeHHo yxptiToe otb aopraxB rxa8B koh- 
Bofinoft EOMaHAH. Tyix oiyrajiHCB h KoraeBB cb KpacHonepo- 
bhmb, h eBpefl JleBeHmTeflHB, tojibko ?to nuTaBmifiea ot^htb y 
HHKOJiaeBa MafiAaHB, h Hnoro xpyrax* jiiotfHTejieft chxbhuxb omy- 
meiiifi. CTpeMn^HEB ctojixb y*e na CBoeMB nocry, h ocraHOBEa 

6HJia TOJIBKO 8a MafiflaHmHKOMB, KOTOpElfl otifldaHB titUIB AOCTfr- 

bhtb Kapru, CBfriy n ycrpoHTB Ha6xH>A6Hie sa xojomb Hrpu. 
HHKOJiaeBa hcbosmosho 6buo ysHaxB. Kyaa AtaaxncB ero cre- 

neHHOCTB, COX0AHOCTB, HeyHBIBaiOn^aH 6e8MHTe&HOCTB, KOTOpHMH 

enje He^aBHo ohb TasB Burojpo ouuiiaxcH on apecraHTCEOft 
mnaHKH. HeonuTHufi, cobc&mb ctiHTuft cb Toxxy, ofofixuft no- 

TOMB, JipEO pa8pyM£HHBmiiCH, OHB KOMHqHO tipOCaXCH H8B CTO- 

POhu bb dopoHy, aajiEifi, CesnoMon^Hufl, EaxB Mospax KypHija, 
ho 8HaH ito A$JaTB, cb *ero HawrB.' Kotiujsa tiesasaxocrHo hb- 
A^BaxacB h ocTpnxa mab hhmb. HaEOHeijB-To, yAaxocB eMy 8a- 
Bep6oBaTB ce64 bb homohihhkh TaiapsHa MaHrnpoBa, SHaBmaro 
toxsb bb Hrpi h corxacHBmarocji HaH^TBCH sa HBBicTHyB) njiaiy. 
Pa80CTxaaur Ha noxy kobphkb, sasrxn caxBHyio CB^y, CTaun 
^CAaBaTB Kapiu, MaHrspoBB HpHKypHyxB wsjA Hrpa&iqHXB cb 
^HaMipeHieMB sanHcuBaTB hhcjio curpjiHHUXB napTifi, otb koto- 
puxB MafiflaHmHEy mexB AecATHnpoAeHTHBift aoxoab. CaMB se 
HHxoxaeBB, norfimaji co6paBmyiocA TOJiny jhoCohuthhxb, xo- 



26 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HEj'b BOKpyrL, BOJHyacb h yaapflH cetfa tfesnpecTaqpo fyKaiiH 
no Ce^pairb, h roBopnjn>: 

— dBOHa vb Kasyso 64ay cam ce6a btk>phjtb! Botb apaTB- 
to 6u Koro, CTaparo Aypaaea, baao! He Chjio H&Kasoft safioTH, 
jiesajrB cefii Ha 6oKy, npeniiBaioqH, Tast H&rbl Ha^uTb 6rao 
TaKyio otfysy Ha njieqn ce6i BBBajurrb. Hy, He jhbo-jih, jih>ah 
Aotfpue, a? H Korja Tenepb BLi6epemb 3th flBawaTB c* noi- 
thhoS, a? 

— Uponajia xenepB tboh roaoBa, ciapHKB!— ch^hjchcb Hag* 
hhmT) apeciaHTfii: — enje noroan, npHEjiaflOBB orb KanaTaHa neis 
poBcsaro OTBi^aemB! 

— flfl, HeyaTO?! 

Ho tojbko q-ro crftaaxB ohb 9tott> Bonpoci), nojiHLift caifaro 
KOMHqHaro e fcenojmijibHaro yacaca, Kara nponsonuio hItcto ne-* 

06lIKH0BeHH0e. r#&-TO BB OTflajieHiH qTO-TO BXpyrB SBHKHyjIO, 

tohho 6£icxpo OT6pactiBaeMufi ABepHOft sacoBv, nocjEBimajiCH myirb 
npoBopHO yjeneTUBaioii^HX'B hofb; orra cpasy Bespit noTyxm; 
apecraHxu, sase Bnojmfc he bt> qeiri> HenoBHHHiie, topohhjihcb 

BSOtipaTBCH Ha HapBI, lOpKHyTB nOflB XajiaTl> H npHTBOpHTBCfl 

cniin^HJiH. A no Koppnffbpy GiusajH yace cojwaTH cb pyatbflMH 
Ha nepeBicB, ocBinjaeMue $0Hapejn> seatypnaro h noompaeMUQ 

qBHHB-TO BJiaCTHUJIB OKpHKOMTb: 

— Eefiie hx-b, Mep3aBa,eB^! fl nosaacy hmb KapTbi! 

H botb Eoro-TO HacrarM bl KoppH^opi: passage* sbohb 
onjieyxn, CTyEB npHEjaga h bcjAab aarfMB BepenjaHBe Toqno 
noAXBaqeHnaro sytiaMs hcobt, saftija. 

— EoMHJiyftTe, mnaniHTe!.. Bame BHmoKo6jiaropoAie, a He 
npHqeirL... OrnymTHre Aycy Ha noKaaHBe! 

— Hy, SH^a Hamero nofiMaiH, BopoxoBHqa, — hpomojibhjib 
KHTaesB HBi-noxb cfioero xajuwa: — bb qyacyro BJter&jHb! 

HcrepnqecKift BH3n> HeHiijHHLi 6hjtb npoAoaaeeHieirb cn;eHu: 
bto 6ojiBHafl Effra tfpocHjiacb Ha noMonjB CBoeiiy sjionojiyqaoMy 
Mysy. Eft oTBiqajit njiaqB npocHyBmnxca petfHTHmeffb. 

— Tu CTpeHn^HKT>? Tu ctopokhjtb HrpaiomHXB? — Kpeqajrb, 
Tonaa HoraMH, otJmijep'B. 

— HnKaKB h4tb, Bame 6jiaropo;ue, a n;eeTHMft eBpeft, a no 
CBoeMy xtosy Kb HOUHOMy ycaTy xoahjtb. 

— Ohb Moft MyacL, same tfjiaropoAie, Jioft MyatB... Y HacB 
6ojLnlafl ceifBfl... Mm 6^AHEie eBpen... 

— A koih TaKt, Heqero nuiflTBCH no Hoqam>. Y6Hpaftca 
CKopii no Ao6py, no s^opoBy Ha Hapu. 

MajieHBKafl, HeBspaqHan ^nrypna rpo3naro KannTaHa, bb co- 
npoBOH^emH n^oft opaBti coji^arb, BoopyseHHaxi pyacsnMH n 
^OHapHMH, noHBHJiacB bb KaMepi. Ohb MexseHHO o6omejiB ee % 
KpyroMB, npacrajiBHO Brjui^uBaacb bb jiemaBinifl no HapaMb He- 
noABHSHUH, KaKb ipynu, ^nrypu apecianTOBB. 



. KOBHJEA B*B U.7TE. 27 

— Cpasy na bcSxb cohb Hanajra, — otipaiHJicH oob HpoHHiecEH 
kb cojiAaTaMi,:— bi> cjr&Ayromit pasB BCHEaro, Koro noftMaeie Ha 

CTpeM* HJIH 3a KapTaMH, OTBOJJHTe Bl> 6aHH). 

H cb 3thmh saraAOHHUMH cjnoBaMH KanHTaH* IleTpoBCEift npo- 
cjr£AOBajn> bb xpyryio Kaitepy. Repeal hotboptb qaca oohtb no- 
cnMinajiCH jfl3rb 3anHpaeMuxB sacoBOBi, h , HaKOHeu^, Bee cmojioo. 

OqHyBfflHCB otb BpeneHHaro oitfineH'&Hifl, apecTaHTH HaiajiH 
Majio-no-Majiy BiinojisaTB h3*b cbohxb Hopt. nocjmmajHCB pasro- 
* Bopu, cnepBa po6irie h HerpoMKie, hotohb HacMinuiHBfcie h Be- 
cejrae. 

— Ahtbiibi nposjiHTue!— saBOHBUTB JKypaBJiB. 
KHTaeBi nor&majicfl h^a* no6HTtun> BopyxoBHqewB. 

— TIto, 6parB Moflraa? Boita-To cftAH$Hm», HetiocB, a? 

— ,Ha nopj^KoiTB-TaKH 0Tj$JiajiH, Tjepra... noKb opixi,! 

— Xa-xa-xa! KaKOKB sanHTaHB? Oht>, GparB, qoxt-jiorB ho 
pasfapaerB, jiyaurB Koro nonajio. IlapAony aanpocajiB? 

— 3anpocHJi*B-6Ej h tli... A npo KasyH) dto ohb 6aHK> ro- 

BOpHJTb? 

— JKajiB, qio Te6n He cborhjih xy^a. BHnapnjra-6B Te6n 

TaiTB tfepeSOBHMH B$HHKaMH TaffB, qTO TH H 2BHAOBKH CBOeft, H 

jRzjifiEATb ne npnsHajTB 6u... Botb CTpeMnjHsa Hamero Tome He 
Miraajio 6u OTJiynnTB nyTeirB. He sisafi, hoajtcikb, kojih x^HBrn 
6epemB! 

— YXb 9T0 BiCTHMO. 

— A vgh »e, 6pamH, HanrB MafiAaHmaKB? Yon, ne bt> 6a- 
hio-jib ero OTBejiH, cepAeqHaro? 

— #a He xyae, 6paTB, faniiL. oiosBaaca hsi-hoab xaaaia 
rojiocB HnKOJiaeBa, sa KOTopuarB nocjr&AOBajrB BspflftB xoxoTa bb 
KaMepi:— e^Ba-e^Ba Horn yBOJiOKB... Botb jkmhb-to ce6i Ha- 
acHJB, TyHCB KOJifiiBaHCKift! 3HaernB ?to, EaTaeBB? Kyna tli y ueHH 
MaftnaBTB, npaBO cjobo, Kynn. 3a nHTHamaTB nj&jiROBMX'BOTAaMB, 
Ky^a hh niJio. 

— HaineJTB AypaKa. Tbi AyMaemB, CTapHftKOJinaKB, JleBeH- 
mTeflHB h BHpaB^y xorfjix KynnTB? #a mbi TeCn, acnnaa, HapoqHO 
tojibko pa33anopHBaj[H, AP&3HHJIH, EaffB HHA^fiCKaro niiyxa. 

— Ofi-ra? 

— JIfi botb rfc n oft-Jin. Tbi, kmah, h bb nojiroAa ho bu6o- 
pernB cbohxb ABaauaTH py6jiefi npn dTaKJixx ciporocT^xB. *Ito H3B 
Toro, hto o6paTHaa napik? Oaho HaaBaHBe tojibko, Kor.ua A&aA- 
n;aTB hojioai^ob'b npHHO Ha BtmajiHijy HAyrB cb HaMH. 

— TaiTB HTO-arB A^JiaTB mh4 TanepH^a? 3B0Ha wb sainyKa- 
Kyio sajiia-B, m> CTpa&rB KaKofi, bo TBBiy KaKyio KpoMimHyio! II 

H6 CTBIAHO Te6*, EHTafOIHKa, TaiCB HaA*B TOBapHBQ[eirB CTapBIMB 

HaACM^xaiBCA? 3a^tifB se tbi cotijiasHHjrB ueun? EaKoe a 3jho 
Te64 CA&iajiB? 

— Hnqero, ne po6ifi, ciapsqEHa. Eqe see mosho nonpa- 



30 * PVCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

maa yacb A&Bynraa. IIoKa sanyaB He BHfiAemB h cbohxb a&toei» 
He Ha8HBemB, o6mHBaft HacB, qHHH, cfpanaft, conra HaMB bh- 
THpafl. #a. MaMaca 6tuia Tanaa seHnjHHa, Taica* seHmBka... 
HferB, Xacfl, h4tt>, Bpyxa, HHKoraa He 6ujio 6ojn>me h ho 
6yjieYb Ha CBirt Tasoft seHnprau. fl npaB#y roBopio. Hbm bc4' 

A0JI3HEI« CTapaTBCfl TaKHMH »«& CTaTB, KaKB OHa. 

— A ckojio, nanaca, Ha dTain» mu miHAeMB? — cnpamnBaerb 
CoflKan puseHBKan Cypaio. 

— CKopo, CKopo, joi^Ka. Botb 3Ty conKy otSoraeMB, Tann 
aian'B, roBopjiTB, Cy^erB. 

— A saBTJia onflTB eian-L? 

— SaBTpa ohhtb mnB. 

— A noTOMi) qio? 

— IIOTOirB? HoTOUB AHCBKa. 

. — A nocai AHeBM? 

— Hy... TairB ohatb 9Tam>. 

— A HOTOMB STO? 

— IIotomb? Dotomb caHa jBHAHmB. Kara npi^AeMB TOJO&KO 
vb ropHMfl 3eaeHTyfi, TaKB bc$xb BacL, A3m>i{KH, bb npiwrb 
BosBMyrB. 9to TaKOfi xopocufl aomb, TaKoft xopocuft, 1TO BBI H 
He BH^ajiH enje TaKoro... Ha^HyrB Ha Baci uhctu* nepeAHHijKH, 
6ijiLie Kanop^HKH, MHoro TaMB h ^pyrnxB a*b<Wkb h MajfciH- 
kobb cb Basin tiyAOTB. Bece.no, xopomo. Tenjio h cbitho. Tojibko 
ypuTBeji Ha^o xopomo h HaqajiBCTBa cjiycaTBca. 

— A limb HacB kophhtb TaMB 6yAyiB? 

— XopomO KOpMHTB 6yAyTB. XjliCOMB H rOBAAHHOH, h maMH, 

H BmiHB TaKHlTB. 

— H HoaoKOiTB Toate? 

— Hy, h mojiokomb no npasAHHEairB. 

— H ijaeiiB? 

— Bhqib, BOdpyxa, n;ero saxor&jia! Hy, uaeirB He n;aeMB, 
a tiepesoBoft Kama BAOcraja xwyrb. 

— A Apyrie MajiB^HKri h aIboikh Toae 6yAyiB yiMBca? 

— Tosce. 

— A ohh Ao6jiLie? 

— ^o6pae... 

— A kto 3a 9iofl bohb coHKofl smeTB?— cnpaniHBaeTB BApyrB 
vajieHBRan HepHorjiasaa Pyxem). 

— JIfOAH. 

— A 3a TOfl KTO? 

CpeAn TaKHXB pasroBopoBB Bpeiw npoxoAHTB HeaaniTHO, h 
naprifl hoaxoahtb, HaKOHeijB, eb Biany. Kb cqaeriio jsfia MoflmH, 
napTia He ocoGerao 6oju>maa h CyftHaa, h AotfuBaHie MiCTa Ha 
HapaxB AOdaeTCH HHorAa 6e3B 6oju>mHXB xjiohotb. Ho BpeMe- 
HaMH npnxoAHTCA BceTaKz KpyTO. 3TanBi Meamy Ctp4thhckhmb h 
3epeHTyeirb oahh hsb caitiix* ytfiflCTBeHHHXB... TiCHOTa, rpasB, 



K0BR3KA BT> ByTH. 31 

xoxoRb HM$K>n> wajio paBHux'L ce6$ na npoTflacemH Bcero Be* 
^ giHKaro ch6bpck&to cnyra cji$AOBaHiji>. CaMtifl HasBamfl y othxi 
'ffranoBi mem soiOBtmiH, sapan&e TpeBoacamiii BoetfpaaeeBie: 
yHAHHCBie KaBHKy^H, TaaBiiypcKie KaBLiKyqn... <Ob KaBUKyqefi 
Ha KaBLiKyqH — oasa noBunyqn> 7 ocTparB HeyHHBaiomie ape- 
CTaHTU aacqerB copoRaBepcTHaro hjth Mea^y bthmh OTanaMH. 
IIIajionyrBHa, Taftna, CojiOBma... noneperauft 3epeBTyfl, TopHLifl 
SepeBTyfl, hot, e&ki BagtiBaiorL ero KaTopsHtie, TopbEifl 3e- 
peHTyft. 

HiKOTopue hot> 9tbxt> 9TaiioBT> TaKOBti, wo npefaBaHie Kb 
hbxt> HicKOJiBKHXi> jecflTKOBi qejouBiirBB'BTeqeBiexojiOAHOflflBBapB-- 
CKofi Boqn hoa* 3bmkomb, Ha Bsrjuiji'L KasAaro qejOBJuca, cno- 
cofaaro mhcjibtb h qyBCTBOBaTB no-qejiOBiqecKB, 6ujlo 6h ho- 
bosmokho. Ho ^4fiCTBHTejiLH0CTB ? a t*mt> naqe cHCapcBaa a**- 
CTBHTeju>HOCTL no-nejiOBiwecKH He HjBCTByerb n He pascyacAaen, 

H HeB08MO«HOe OKa3UBaeTCiI A3* H6H HaCTOJIBKO B03MO^BUMT>, qio 
Vb 8TH TiCBBie H Jie^flHWe CBHHIOHIBBKH 8arOH*eTCH Hupoft JOOfr 

CBoe CTaAO vb nojrropacTa rojiora! Bopqart soCiuiKa, HeroAyerb 
Ko6ujiKa, Aaace npoTecryen, BUSHBaii Kb ce6i yKrepi-o^Hijepa 
h nurancB BHymBTB eiiy B^en qejioBiKOJiiotfifl h cnpaBeAOTBOcra; 
ho KOHqaeTCH a4jio, pasynieTCH, Tim*, hto KotiujHca nojiflmtnerca 
CBoefl yqacTB: ee saroHJiiorb bt> cbhhkhhhhkT), Ky^a daBHTca Ha 
Boqi> BOHioqift ymaTB-napama, h sannpaiorb Ha 8aM0£i>. KoHBoft 
Bcer.ua yacacHO ipycBTb n hh sa qio He coraamaeTCH nocTaBBTB 
ymarb vb KoppHAopi, xoth 6ti h cb iacoBbun» Bosjii ABepn. 
3aMOKi npeACTaBjineTCH a^okb tiojr&e HaAe»Hbun>: m> Kapayjib- 
hoitb aom£ TorAa xotb bch) Hoqb nrpafi bt> Kapraj apecTaHTti 
ho KHHyrcH «Ha ypa», He pasft&ryTca, He nepetfworb cojmarb. 
SyAa h aaqiM-b no64ryrb apecTaHTu bi> SHMHee Bpeufl, xoaoAHOfi, 
TeMBOfl Hoqbio, KorAa Boicpyrb 9Tana buchtch enje rposHua najra, 
o^paHAeMUH HapyacBMMH qacoBUMH? Bt> TaftH$ AT mH BCHROMy 

flCHO, qTO CTpaXH 3TH— OAH$ IiyCTHH $aHTa8iH, HO 0$$BD,iaJIBBO 
CqHTaiOrB HyKHUMl OTHOCHTbCH KB HHHb CaMLIM-B cepbesHuirb 

o6pasoKb. 

Yate CMepKaeTCH, Kor^a napm, rojiOAHan h HSdHfrna*, npi- 
64raerB na oahbtb as* boaoCbuxI) dTanoBi. Ob B6B364sHoft nepe- 
CpaHKofi, 6e3TOJiKOBniHHofl, a noA^acb n ApaKoft apecTaHTti pas- 
MimaioTC^ vb OTBeAeHHOirb hitb CTofljii. RopyxoBHqy cb qaAaifH 
(6tiBaiorB h Taicie cjiyqaa) AOciaeTCH m4cto Ha nojiy no.ni> Ha- 
paMH, BOBJii caiaoft napanra, rAi xojiOAHHfi B03AyxB BOiKift past, 
Kara pacTBopjieTCA ABepb, o6Aaerb hx*b, to^ho jieAano* Aymi». 
Bet A$THmKH CTpamno KanuHEorb, h ho 6yAB y hhxi> npeABa- 
pBTejiBBOfl MBoroaiTHeft sasajucH, BOHeqHO, a&bho 6n yace Ha 
CMepTb cpocTyAMHCb. Ho cjiaBa Bory, hto xotb .h TaKoe-To 
m4cto OTUCKajiocB: ceroAHAmHift drsurb BciifB dTanani cjiasa 
H*o6pa8ei^i)! Bi MajieHbKofi KaMopici HapoAy HafinjiocB, ToqHo 



32 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

cexbxei vb 6onkb. GrpainHO norigA&rB, ito hpohcxoahtb tekb, 
9b tsj6ebA ear juisrb ijineft, conpoBoamaenuft ho Merfie dpam- 
soft (SpaHbift, BH8rjiHBtie spHKE aceHmaffb, imaTb j$Teft, riijio Ha* 
t4jt6, roxoBa h*vb roiOBoio... Ysacaiomafl ayxoia k sapa BBepxy, 

XOXO^B H CBipOCTb, C0eAHH6HH£I6 CL HeBUHOCHMttlTb CMpaAOlfB, 

BHHsy no^b HapaKE, rx* Toace Konomaica bb t6mhot6 shbeia cyme- 
craa, Hacca xfrreft, liyaqrarB h aeHmairBw.. 

— A EBXb b4^b, .utTODiKH, no^opirao ceroAM, n;To mu y 
XBepeft saxBaraxH m£cto, — npo6yerb yTimHTb ce6a z pe6aTH- 
meKb[rjry6oEOMucj[6HHuft EopyxoBHii:— Tairs sajoxHyrbCH mojkho, 
npaBO cjobo, moscho... A 8Aicb HHijero, BoxbroTHO... 

JlfimmKa npocarb 4cTb, ho enje He BtixaHH bopmobbix. Hpo- 
xoahtl gotipucb xsa qaca, nona CTapocra nojiyqarb hxb, Hano- 
Hen^>, orb ynrepi-o^raiepa h paa^jrart napriH. Mofinri yjaeTCfl 
EynHTB y ToproBORB hIicroxbeo npiicHUXB maHerb cb TBoporora 

H KapTOnpCOft, BCKHUHTHTb BOTOXOKb CB BOtfOft H 3aBapHTB BB 

HeirL KHpmpiHaro wk>. Hocxixnpe xocraeTca, Bnpoqeirb, uhmio 
KpynHoft nepetipamcH w> apecTaHTaHa h aaace jByxB-TpexB tojw- 
bobb kb rpyxb, Tairb KaKb y exHHCTBeHHoft neqKH toxhhtch Kyqa 
Hapoxy, & «* Basxcdl yroxoxB H^ert 6opt6a qyTB He Ha jkhbhb 

h CMepTB. 

— KyjH xftaeniB, shx* nopxaraft? PasBi He bhxhihb, Tyra 
npeatje Tefa jno.pt ctohtb? 

— A qro-8%, h pa8Bi He ijexoBiEB? Moh xfrrn He Taxie-xrb, 

KaKB TBOK? TaKB S6 HHTb-4CTB H6 XOTHTB? 

— Axb th, qyBHpjio SHAOBCEoe! Tyxa »e pasroBapHBaTB! 
Tyxa se bb ?exoB$EH jiiserb! 

Ho Moftma He cxaeTCH h ynopno OTcraHBaerb cboh npaBa 
qexoKfoa. Ha EoxoxyniBH ohb BHHicaHifi He o6pamaerb, Ha 
6paHb— Toro MeHBme. Borb ero <a£toi;kh» HanoeHH, Hasop- 
MxeHti. MajneHbrin yse npnKypHyxp h cmtb, cnxeracB xpyrB 
cb apJtohb pyqoHKaMH h saKyTaBoracB bo BceBosMOsnoe ape- 
CTaHTCKoe tiapaxxo, crapnne se eme kononiaTCH, npHBox* bb 

nopHXOBb paSHKIH X03flfiCTBeHHUfl npHHaj(IOSHOCTH. Bb cosHafida 

qecTHO HcnojraeHHaro sa cero^HflmHift a^hb ja;oira, cain> Bopy- 
xoBHqB jiesHTBy pasBajiHBinHCb Ha mj6% h MeqiaeTb. ^eMB 
Offb lceTraerb? 06b yiiepmeft ^eHi, o cqacTjiaBOMB nponuiovB, 
o x^THrb, o npexcTOHEqeHb hmt> 6yAymeMB? Hih npodo npa- 
cjiyinHBaeTCfl kb pasaorojiocuHB SByKairB, Hecyn^HHCH hsb Toro 
BpoM^nmaro a#a, BOTopuS npeACiaBiaerb co6oeo xaMepa? He- 
•pi^so? J^na Ha chhh4 h saxosHBB pyKH sa rojuoBy (j[H)6HMaH 
ero nosa bo BpeMfl bthxb BeqepHHKB otabixobb), ohb HaniBaeTB 
Bnojrrojioca sasyio-TO AJ^HHyio, MOHOTOHHyio, sayHUBHyio ape- 
CTaHTCEyiojiicHio ? eAHHCTBeHHyio, BOxopyK) ohb 3Haerb, h.hb koto- 

pOft MOSCHO pa306paTb T0J[BfiO OftKHBiaCTO nOBTOpflfOED(iftCH cthxb: 
n(yAB6a moa HenraacTHaa... 



K0BSL/1KA BJ> HyTlI. 33 

— 3ft, XMRbl— KpHMrb eiiy kto-to hkb T6xhotu noAT> na- 
paMH:— He ery-JB nicHK> bh nium, KaKi> n&b seium ernneTCEoft 

BftCb BBirOBflJLH? 

— A tu $apaoHOMi> 6tun> Tor^a, ijto-m?— tiofiso orpu- 
saercH EopyxoBH?i» h HHor^a, fl 3Hairb Bucmaro npespisk, 
npH6aBJiieTL nasi-titi npo cetfa, jnotfnMyio cbok> norosopEy: — 

T036, BHAHO, EOpOBa, H TOde HSAOXHyTb XOieTt. 

— Bnnib, raAHHa, enje h aaeTca, — oTBiqaen, HeHSBicraHfi, 
ocotfeHHO no*eiiy-TO o6HseHHufi Ha3BameMi> $apaoHa. — A cjuj- 
xajiH-jKB bh, 6paTijfci, K&Kb shah npoMem-b cetfa pyraioTCfl? JI 
CJiuxajft. Oahhi» roBopHTb apyrouy: c^oprb no6epa TBoero 
oma!> A tott> OTBi^aen>: cBpemB, a*A& TBoeroU QepBufteHy: 
cH oTn,a, h k&A&i h np&A$A& TBoero a$A&!> Tor.ua Apyrofi He 
BUAepasHBaeirb h ephihtk cfl xoiy, iTofo y Tetfa 6tun> aomt>, 

H Bl> 3T01fb A0M4 6hJI0 COpOKb EOMHaTl, H Bb K£UKAOft KOMHaT* 

no copoKa xpoBaTeft. H nycxb xe6n copoirb Aneft Tpacerb jiaxo- 
p*AEa, Tana*, hto6b nepeCpacHBajio Te6a ci EpoBaTH Ha Epo- 
BaTb, H3T> KOMHam bt, KOMHaTy». Bora Kd.vb, peCnia, shabi 

6paHHTCH. 

— Hy, chh, AbflBOJii>I— TOJiKaerb pa3CEa8iHsa sera, h hoa'b 
HapauH BOABopnercH 6e8M0JiBie. 



HaKOHem>, noKasajica h TopHJuft 3epeHTyfi, KOHeraaji itfuib 
nyTH napriH. IIOAHaBniHCb Ha ropy, apecraHTU yBH^ajiH vl 
OTAajemn (Huryio saHeHHyio nopBMy h tiottmyio npajieraiomyio 
Kb Heft A^peBHio cb D,epKOBbio no cpeAHHft. Y KaacA&ro HeBOJibHo 
csajiocB cepAije orb cuimaHHaro qyBCTBa pa^ocTH, ito 
OKOHqajHCb AOJroBpeMeHHMH uuTapcrBa 9Taimaro nyieinecTBifl, 
h BM*crt TpeBora sa 6jiH3Koe, ho HeB$AOHoe tfyAymee. Boti> 
OHa, KaTopra! KaKOBa-TO OHa? Jlyqme hjh xyse Aopora? Hy, 
hheto Kairb Sorb, Bes^ jodah. 

t^jih BopyxoBHna xaTopra He 6ujia hoboctbk>, ofb nepe- 
boahjuch TOJibKO est* oahoA TiopBMH vb APyryH), Tiwb He Mercfce 
h y Hero cepAu;e sa6HJiocB Vb rpyxs CEJBK&e... Oahh j&mmins 
He qyBCTBOBajiH he Majiifiineft TpeBore h paAOdHO ysasiiBajia 
Apyrb Apyry Ha Jipso 64jrfeBraia ctShm n;eHTpajia- Ohh ctoju>ko 
HacjiuinajiHCb o FopHOifb SepeHTyi, poAHTeu hxi> ctojibeo Meq- 
TajiH a nepeBOA* bt> dry TiopbMy, qTO OHa npeACTaBji^jiacb hxi 
Boo6paacemio q$in>-To bt> poA* seifHaro pan, hjih no MeHbmeft 
M*pt Tasoro xicTa, rA* ho 6y^prb 6ojiBme hh xoJiOAa, he 
rojiona. 

Il^mie apecTaHiu npn6aBHjiH xoAy; jnomaAH, nonyaBi 6jhh- 
30CTB croftjia, sapacajiH h no6tacajiH Becejiofi pucAOft. Bon> 
noTAHyjiHCb yace h aohe ihhobhhkobi* TiopexHaro irfeAOMCTBa, 
noqTOB^H KOHTopa, RaTopsHoe ynpaBjieme; botb, HaKOHen.^, h 

i>ft 8. Oufer* I. 3 



34 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

caHaa nopBiia, 6ojn>moe, KpacnBoe, qncroe SAaaie, ocjr&nHTeoiBHo 
^ctitionifle Ha SHMHevb cojlhd,* CBoefi ti&ioft KaneHHofi orpajoft. 
Tohho ho TiopBMa, a KaKofi-TO $aHTacTHqecKift saxoieb ptmap- 
ckhxt> BpeHeHi cb CamHjnra, aMtfpasypam, pBatfH, noA^eifHiiMH 
HOCTaMH. Bee hobo, HeBHAaHO am rjiasa, npHBHKinaro rbrpn8s 
h HenpHrMAHOCTH ch6hpckhx , b 9TanoBt. Hapm ocraHOBHxacB 
y BOporb, bt> oxHAaHis npieMEH. 

flBHJICH nOMO^HHET) CMOTpHTeJH, MOJOflOft eilje qeiOB^K'B 

He6ojn>aioro pocia, Kpyrjitifl, iiiOTHBift, npHBfrrJiHBHft h, bhahmo, 
6e33a6oTHUft no ?acra cjiyactiu. UpHHHMajn/ owl CucTpo, qaran 
no cnHCKy ^aMHJiiH apecraHTora, npHtfaBJUifi kt> hbitb no Bpe- 

HeHaWb 6e306HSHUH OCTpOTU H X&M8 6$TXU& OCHOTpB KaseH- 

heuh Bemasrt. MyacHHHt Ha^3HpaTeJTH jBOSHjiH no OXHH01K& 

BT> BOpOTa TBDPBMU, XeHD^HHl CB f^ThMK HJCKajIH Vb BOJIBHHe 

tiapaKH, a h4kotophxt> nm pe&iTHmeKB Tyro ace aaHoegjra b*b 
chhcobb KaHAHiaTOBB Ha uOBrtmeme bb npiforf. ^onuia onepeAB 
h ro BopyxoBHqa. 

— Hy, 6parB, tbi ^BawaTHjiiTHift? TiopexHuft schtojib! 3a 
BopoTal— yjiu6aHCB 9 npoKpniajTB eiiy homo^hhsb. 

— A fffeTHtneKB mohx-b b*b npiiorB oTonuieTe?— poCico enpo- 
chjtb Moflma, noAofiocTpacTHO Aepsca b*b pyrax* mamey h cbjko- 
hhbT) 6pnTyio rojroBy. 

— KaraxB KbTRmeKb? 

— A BOTB dTBXb CaMUXb, XLHK^UTb... GrapCBlft CBIffB 

ACpam, OflHHHajmaTH jri&Ti, h leTBipe a&boi{kh: a^chth, bocbmh, 
mecTH h ^eTBipexi jAtb. 

— A MaTB r^i? 

— MaTb Ha tom* cBirfe. ^oporoft noaiepjia. 

— Botb TaKi> nrryica! Kara ace 6bitb?— CMyraacfl 6esneqHBii 
qHHOBHHK^:— cpasy HejiBdH b$a& bt» npiiorb hxt> OTUpaBHTB... 
#a nodofl, 6pan, nocrofl: tbi espefl? 

— EBpefi, Baca (aaropoAie. 

— To-to, n eMOTpK), MUKb 6yAio HeAoraenaffB, — ofipaAOBaaca 
noMomHHKi), ToqHO oTEicBaBi BApyrB aceaaHHBift hcxoak — Hy, 
ia,Kb A*Tefl tbohxt> bt> npiioTB He npHMym 

— Kara He npHMyTB? 

— A* TaK1> - UpHKa3i) ecTB otb noneiHTejui npifOTa, ^to6i> 
eBpeftcEnrB A*Tefi Cbiji HSBicTHBift tojibko npoijeHTB; a nxi> u 
Tara yan> He3aEOHHoe qncjio. Kara ae xyrb 6htb? 3ft, Tpo$u- 
mobt>!— o6paTHJcw oht> Kb OAHOHy H3*B HaA3HpaTejLeft:~6irH, napfl, 
cefiqacb se Kb cmotpht6jkk), qKaaca, hto h npomy no BasHOMy 
A*Jiy. Hy, a tu, tipmeup, dynaft TenepB bt» TfopBMy, Heqero 
Te6$ Tyrb 6oju>me Ai^aTL. 

— Bace 6jaropoAie, RaEB ace a nofiAy? ^osbojibto fflxwibca 
rocnoAHHa cMOTpHTejia. IlycTB Bupirniirb j&jlo. 

IIOHOniHHVB He CTaiT> npOTHBOptUTB E, OTBepHyBmHCB OTb 



K0BHJIKA BT» HJCTH. 35 

BopyxoBHia, npoxouuuft npiemcy xpymft apectaHTOB*. Ilojnaca 
cnyc™ H3B-aa yraa TioptMU nobBHJCfl, ciynaa MefciHTejiBHHiiH 
maraMH «h onnpaacB Ha n&ny, caiii CMOTpirrejt raopBiiu, coaim- 
HLift tochoxhkb cb oEJiaAHCTOft qepiioft 6opoAOft h HenpraiMH- 

BBIMB BQTJLHAOWb H8H0M06m. En^6 He npH6jlH8HJ[CH om> h Ha, 

TpH^aTb marora m> naprin, Kara HapnpaTejiB rpouKo npo- 

KpHHaJTb: # 

— Cmhpho, raanKH xooiofit 

noMomgHKi) tiucipo noAomen k* evoTpHTejno, cftijiaj-L ho*b 

K08BipeET), OTJtgJCb paHOpTB H 0ftB4CHHJFB, HOTOMy CTeJTB HySHBIKb 

noTpeBoasHTB ero. 

— EBpeflCKHX'B petiHTHmeiTb HHEaKb H6 AB8fl npHHHTB,— otb4- 

*ajn> TOTqacb ace iepHo6opoxni rocnosmrB, Hcsoca BsrjurayBB 
Ha yHHseHHO croaBinaro nepejB mnn> EopyxoBH^a h ha ero 
€OHBHpiniixcA bi cropoHi rffcHOK) KyiKoft rfraeft. Mofima noBa- 

JHJICfl Vb BOTE. 

— Bace BHmoieo6jiaropoflie, BaceL Kyja ae hxi Tenepnqa? 

MaJQOTKHL. 

— Bctahb, BcraHB, iiotfo sroro He 6ujio... fl He Bon> h 
He n;apB,— otiopBajrc ero CMOTpffrejB.— #a h bbi bc£, — otiparancft 
ohb kt> mnaHsfi, <5yflH> cefi^acB tojbxo 8aȣnBfB oCfaaacerauji y 
bcSxb rojioBu:— raanKH Ha#£Tb. 

. — Bace BHmoKo6jiaropoAie, Kara se Tenepnna?.. 

— A TaiTh ace, too He paaroBapraaft h crynaft bb TiopBiiy. 

— A k&th?.. 

— A wo kb a Mory cxfioiara? Kb ceftfc, hto-jo>, bsotb? 

HejlBBH HX*B ppHHHTB BT» HpittTO. 3aKOHB. 

• — He aojokhtb-u pa8B4*3aB4jyK)meMy saToproft)— Heciriuo 

BCTaBHJTb nOMOmHHKB CMOTpHTeJH. 

— TClffB? 

— ^a botb o x&nn... ^to, mojtb, Ha yjnm*, Vb MOpOffB... 
Orei^b wi TiopBMi, Mara yMepaa. 

— 3aB$Ayiosqi& Kaioproft eme Biepa yTpom cflfcjiajrB sairt- 
qame, hto jtb npiiorfi yace qfuuuxi ae^jrrB eBpeftCKHXB MaJEB^H- 

eobi>. Cxopo BecB nphorB HH^eHflTa aanojHarb. 

— TaicB KaKB se 6bitb? 

— flfi TaicB ace h 6bitb. Mbi He bb 6oropoflHOMB saBeAemn 
cb BaMH cjyacHirB. HsBOJBTe fliuiaTB CBoe a&k>, Ha^8HpaTejra > 
oteeAKre apedaHTa bi> TiopBHy! 

^Ba # HansHpaTejra Hene^jieHHO tfpocHjracB hchojihatb npinca- 
aasde HaiajiBCTBa h xotIjih 6bijio noian^HTB BopyxoBBraa; ho ohb 
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CMOTp^JTB CB TaKHlTB -rpOSHLIMB BH^OITB, HTO HaA8Hpaiej[H Ha 

MHHyTy OKaMeHijiH. 

— Kara, Bace (taaropoflie!— saKpH^aai ohi>, KHjjaacB cnoBa 

KB CMOTpHTOJIK), KOTOpBlft nOHflTHJLCH Ha JBa fflara H HHCTHHETHBHO 

3* 



36 PyCCKOK BOrATCTBO. 

B£iTHHyjn> Bnepexb cboh> najKy. — Kan! eBpeftcirifl j4th — nje- 

HflTa, WO HXb MO»HO Ha MOp03\> BEJKHHyTB, 6681 MaT6p&, 6631 

OTua ocraBHTB? Ohh ho Tamk at* a*th, Kan bc&? He tan ace 
nETb-4»CTB npocaTb, He Tan se njiaiyTB, san nporia flira? 
Eflpea coBcin He jhokh? il He nofiny n Tiopbity, h ho 6pomy 
ej.i na yjiHn^fi — jiyqme y6eflre MeHH, npnKaxHTe cojuaTawb sa- 
cxpiyiHTb tfeHH... Hjih xynin BO Mff6 K&Tb, *TO H KpOBb CBOH) 
hoehhj, niKypy cnacaioiH? Focnoaa HaiajibHHKH! h Ha^i> Basis 
Eorb... H y BacT> ecTb almr... H bh— jik>ah... 

Crpanaoe tto-to CjyqHJiocb cb BopyxoBaqera. Oai roBOpnjrb 
ne ni:i.. san Bcer^a, potiBO h npiiHHaeHHO, a bjkctho, Topxe- 
CTB6HH0, «aace npoTHn oSBiKHOBemn Majio npanieneTHBaa, tojio- 
coirt, uojmtm cae3b h upoHHKaion^HirB wb caifyio aymy... H 
anno ero cjdlobho npeo6pa3Hjiocb fib 3iy MHHyTy: OHb 6Hjn> He 
TGTb culnuHO* Moftraa BopyxoBHqb, KOToparo bc4 nepejpb Tin 
3najra h uHxfiu, MajieHbirift qejioBiqtfn ci KJuraootfpasHofi 6opox- 
Kori, ocTpeHbKHirb HOCHKOMb, (SiraromnMH rjia8KaMH n Bnyraaio- 
mefl aajiocTb $nrypo£. CiuiHa ero Kan-TO Bjpyrb pacnpaMH- 
jiacb, aaropiBmieca rjiasa dpaHHO pacnrapHjiHCb, H^Bce jiaija 

CA^JiajlOCb HHHMb, BHymHTejbHUlfb, H01TH KpaCHBUMb... 

Kir ofimeiiy yflHBjremK), cMOTpnrejb bm$cto roro, uo6n buSth 
n-jL ce6a, pacKpnqaTbca, caymajrb ero pfcqb Kan-TO CMymeHHO 
a pacTepaHHO. 

— |a a qTo-ab... £ko* ae th, 6paTeijb... 5 6m h pa#b 
Bt^b,— jeneTajib on, desnoMonjHO osnpaacb BOEpyrb. 

Bk 3Ty caifyio' MHHyTy n TOJiny npoTOJiKaoiCH Bucosift ko- 
ct.i jiBuii < rapnn Cb huhho&, cifloft fiopojoft, bt» npocToft ape- 

CTliHTCKofl Ojeaat, HO Cb Heo6LIKHOBeHHUMb AOCTOHSCTBOHb B* 

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HtcTHOMb Haceaeein 6ojibmo& HSB^cTHOCTbH) h A^ace yBaaemeMb. 
Ohl ^aBHo yae CTOfljrb B03Jii TBopbuu, BHA^ib bck) cn;eHy ct> 
naqajia ^o KOHD;a h, cubho BSBOJiHOBaHHUS, npHHfljrb Tenepb 
BHesannoe pfimeme. 

— Th iero, roibj6eprb? — o6paTHicn n HeMy CHOTpHrejib, 
TuiHO otb Hero osH^aH cnacemH. 

— H 5epy n ce64 Ha Bocnnrame jByxb MajcioTon!— o(5b- 
^Bnab CTapnn, xBaTaa sa pyKy CBoero sjionojyqHaro conjieMeHHHKa. 

— Hy, Borb HnpeBpacHO, — o6paxoBajiefl CMorpHieib:— Maib- 
'r.-raiia ji, noaaayft, kb ce64 BOBbny. Mh4 pascuibHuP Majib- 
i mniKa ? nan pasb 9 Hy&enb. 

— fl Toae B08bMy caMyio MaaeHblcyH) A*B0iEy,— Ao5aBHib 
hojio^oS noMomnnn, Becb BapjtBinHCb, Kan nionb:— y Hacb ^t* 
Tefi nitb, h «ena tfyaerb oqen pa^a, 

— Eme Jiyqme. 3Ha<iHTb, o«aa TOJibKO AtBiOHsa ocraaeTcn. 
Ecjih tm, TojibA^eprb, corjiacanibCfl B3»Tb ^Byx^ cpexnaxb, TaKb 



KOBBUKA BT> HFTH. 37 

ciapmyio, naBipHbe, Omupruu BoaBiiyra— hmt, H>mBKa Hyaraa 
jjjh peCeBKa. Borb h Bee jt&jio HOKOHieHo. A to myvb hojhjijih 
He b4ctb hkb qero, H^B-aa BHijemaro afiija. Tara-TO oho Bcer^a 
jryqine bhxojhtb, no lejoBfriecTBy... Hy 5 bm xohmuh cb npi- 
eMKofi, HaBejrb flKOBJieBHU? Th... Kara, 6nmh 7 Te6a 80ByrB?.. 
AypbA tei rojiOBa... ffiH^—Tairb ohb xhvb h ecTB! Tu npomafica 
CKopifl co cbohkb Karajioin> h uapmi bt> xiopBMy. ^aBHO nopa. 
Ha ABopft TeMHO coBcim, h kohboio Haw> otaoxhjtb. 

H CB 9TBMH CJHOBaifH CMOTpHTejQb CypOBO HOBepHyjTB Kb WMJ\ 

ho, oTofijm hIckojibeo maroBB, B^pyrb npiocTaHOBHjiCH h, b-b 
noJH> o6opoTa, KpincHyjrB: 

— A th, Majie^, — Kara je6a. Tain,— sa mhoII: CTynafi! 

MeacAJ **** Mofima, ' bocb otfescMmmiil h apoaaBmii, Kara 
bb jiMopawfi, 6esB cieTa ufrrofeau xojiojhhh jimhkh a*re4, 
nepenyraHHMxi), enje cuepTeaBHo (fariflHHX'B nocxfe tojibko ht^ 
nepeatHTOft, Hajio hohjhhoS hjtb, ho CTpamHOfi cnenu. Ohh npo- 
n^aucB cb othomi» Kara-TO MaraHHaibHO, Tyno, 6e&B cjera. Ha- 
KOHeifB, Mofima BSBajuurB CBoft Miunora Ha hjeoho h thxo no- 

HJieJICH Kb BOpOTaMB TBOpBMBI, BB KOTOpHXB H CKpUJICfi, HH pasy 

He orjuiHyBHiHCB HasaffB. 

H Tara 6uxb owl omtb asajiora, HespacHBx h cm$iqokb bt> 
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Bemefl Ha corHyiofl chhh$!.. • 

Jl. MeJIbUlMHB. 



Co^ajibHb-aKOHpMHTOCKifl Boaapfcirifi 
CHMOH^a «e-CaeMOHp[. 

(OnoHHOHie). 



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cMOTpiiia, Kas'L Ha ocymeorBjeme cbohx?> npHHijHttOBB; eciecTBeaHO, 

iITO OHB tfOJUKSHB 6HJTB yCOMHHTBCH Wb UpaBEJLHOCTH OCHOBHIETB 

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ptSKO B03CTa6TB UpOtHB'B 3JOynOTpe6ieHifl a6(5TpaRTHHMH BHRiafl- 

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ohb CTapajca H3yqaTB Raa^oe aweHie bt> Toft coiuaiBHoft o6<rra- 

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ojiar^^eHCTBie Hapo^a... Ero hobho yqeHHRH bi> AhtxIh cjainKOMt 



GOipAJfiHO-dKOHOMOTBCm B038P&HIH CHKOHAA AE-CHCMOHAH. 39 

yAapMHCB bb a6cipaKn^H; b*b hx*b H3ca4AOBaHiflx , B nodTOMy coBep- 
meHHO ynycKaeTca hbb bhaj iojobIieb, EOTopoMy npHHaAieatHTB 60- 
raTCTBO e KOTopuft ppxatBWb hmt> n0JO80Bax&CH. HajEa bb hxb xpy- 
AaxB cAiaaiacB HaoToiBKo cneEyjMTHBHoft, tto EaaeTCH, 6yATO osa 
He HnieiB Hireero ofinjaro cl npaKTH^ecEoft «h3hbjo. noaarara, Tiro 
ecjH mm fiyfleMi* HBOjrapoBaTB Teopiro otb bchehxb nofioraiiXB $aK- 
tobb, mh ontiaeirL ee (kwrle acHoft a yAo6onoHHTHOit Bb a*Actbh- 
TeiBHOcTH npoH3omjio ooBepmeHHo o6paTHoe: HOBue aHrjiificKie bkoho- 
mhcth BecBMa TyuaHHH, ohh Mory^ 6ilTB nOHATil AEIQB CB BOAHqaft- 
niHMT) Tpy^OMB, TaEB saK'B -HaniB yMB 0TKa3UBaeTCfl jjonycTHTB rfc afi- 

CTpaKTHKfl np6An0J[0S6HiA, H3B EOTOpHXB OHH HCXOAHTB. HeAOBipie, 

KOTopoe HaniB yirB nnraerB k'b bthmb npe^nojioaceHiflirL, j*e caMO 
no ce6i cay*HTB AOEasaTeiiBCTBOMB, tto mh yAajraeMca otb hcthhkt, 
Kor^a mh bb ofiiaoTH o6mecTBeHHHXi» HayKB, r^i Bee t4cho 0BH3aH0 

MCSAy C060H), CTapaOHCfl HBOJHpOBaTB OAHHB npHHAHH'B H HTHQpHpy- 

exb Bci 0CTaJiBHue» *). Uo Chcmohah He orpaHH^HBaeTca toabko 
oahhmb npFHii.HniajrLHHM'L HpoTecTOUB. Bb cbohxb «Nouveaux Prin- 
cipes» h eme 6ojie bb cbohxb «Etudes» ohb o6pa6oTajrB 6oraTufi 
MaiepiajTB no Hcropia npoMHimieHHOCTH h bb oco6ohhocth no hcto- 
piH cejniCBaro xoaaficrBa, ocBimaromia pasraiHue Bonpoon bkohomh- 

ieCKOfiSH8HH. 

T02BK0 (taaroAapfl mhofoctopohhhmb hctoph^ocehmb no3HaHiaMB, 
Chcmohah yuaaocB npaBMBHHMTb o6pa30Mi> oi^hhtb MHoria xosaft- 
CTBeHHBia HBJieHiH KaK*B npomaaro, TaKB h HacTOAmaro, nojiy^HBiuia 

BB TpyAaX'B BEOHOMHCTOBB-EiaCCHEOBB JI0SH06 0CB£n^6H16. BCHOMHHMB, 

HanpHM&pB, ero octroy HCTopn^ecKaro BHaieHia ijexoBoft oprann- 
sanra. Bt Tpy^axB Chcmohah hpoboahtch totb bbimhab, ito xo- 
8flficTBeHHUH flBjema ho aojhkhh 6htb HBoanpyeMH otb APyrnxB 

COI^iaiBHUXB. $&KTOpOBB, TTO OHH JifiJOBBK H3yTOTBCH BB CBH3H CB 

(JaKTaMH con,iajiLHO-nojflTHqecKaro xapaETepa. Bsmha* stotb, KaEB 

HSBtOTHO, 0C066HH0 BHABHTaiGH OnOGTOHB FtOHTOMB; OHB HBJUieTGH 
OAHHM^ H3B OGFOBHHXB nyHKTOBB BB B083p£HlHXB COBpOHOHHUXB 

npeACTaBHTaaefl HCTopn^ecKofl mKOJtu KaEB TepHaHiH, TaKB h Ahtjuh. 
Hmohho npHM^HemeiiB npaBCTBOHHofi n coi^a£BHO-noj[HTHiecKo& to^kh 

8p*Hi0 KB X08fl£GTB6HHHMB JMKTaiTB OOBHCHHIDTCH B3TJWAH CHCMOHAH 

na MHdria 8E0H0MHqecKiH tfBJieHia, HanpHMipB, ero GHMnaxin rb hoji- 
EOfl aeMejLHofi co6otb6hhocth, npeAno^Tenie peMecjt npeAB Epyn- 

L^IMH (J)a6pHKaMH H T. A* 

HaMB cjtiAyeTB TenepB BspaTH.^' hsjoshtb B033pima Chcmohah 
Ha H-tKOTopHH ochobhuh TeopeTH^eGsia noHATia. CEaseMB cediacB ace, 

*TO 9TH B033piHiH OIOHB ^aCTO C6HBSHBH H npjOTHBOpi^HBH **). Ho 



*) Noaveaux Principes I, CTp. 55—56. 

**) Chcmohah npHSHaeTB, nanpHMipi., ?to tojebko Tpy^B Moatei-b cos- 
AaB&TB 6oraTCTBo; ho Tyrt se Rkzwrb eaM^qaHie, vro tpy^B h 6e- 
pejKJHBOCTJb (le travail et l'gconomie) aBiwiOTCfl Bcer^a hcthhhhmh hcto^hh- 



40 P7CCK0E BOTATCTBO. 

He cMOTpa Ha npoTHBopfrrifl, mh h 3a4cb ?aoTO HaxoAHiTB y Hero 

BeCBMa U^HHSH MHCM, BOCnpHHflTHH n08AHifllIIHMH BKOHOMHCTaMH, 

nepepafoTaBmvKH hxt> b*b CTpofaM h 8aK0H?eHHHA y^emji. C»fla 
oTHOcflTca B033piflis Chcmoh^h Ha npHfiiMB cb RannTajra, Ha flOXOffB 
h ero no^pa3^jemfl. Ho cbohitl Bosapimaiti Ha npH6mB cl Rara- 
Tajia oht> 3aHHMaerL cpe^Hee m$cto Meaay RjaccHRaira, noioairainHinr 
ocHOBaHie TpyaoBoft Teopin i$hhocth, h HOBiftmnira BROHOMHCTaMH, 
cA^JiaBinHMH ki> y^ems o npn6Hin flaaBHiftmie bhboah hsi 9to& too- 
pin. BeMt-BaBepKt Bnorafc npaBi, roBopa, ito Chcmoh^h ofipasyerB 
moctl Meamy Cmhtom-l h PHEap^o ct oflrfoft CTopoHH h nosflHiftnraini 
HiueiqcHini BKOHOMHCTaMH c*b apyroi *). <Mh cKa3aji paramo, — ro- 

BOpHTB GHCMOHflH, — TTO BCHK06 6<>raTCTB0 OCTB HpOflyRTB Tpyj»... 

HpHHflTo, o#HaKo, pasjnreaTB Tpn BH^a #oxoaa, hmohho: peHTy, npn- 
6hua> h 3apa6oTHyio raaTy, KaKi> 6u npoHCTeEaH>mie hbi Tpex* paa- 
jhothhx'b hctotohrobt*: seMJiH, HaRoweHHaro RannTajra h Tpy^a. Ao- 

CTaTOHHO OTHeCTHOB ffftCROJIBRO BHHMaTeJIBHie, 1TO0H aaiTbTHTB, 1T0 
8TH TpH BHfla flOXOfla COCTaBJlflDTB HHTTO HH06, KaKT» TpH paSJffl*- 

hhxi cnocofia y^acTia b*b npoflyRTaxi ^eiOBiiecRaro Tpy^a. Bjaro- 
flapa pasBHTiio npoMHimreHHOCTH h HayKH, no^HHHBmeft TOJiOBtay 
bc4 chjm npnpoAH, Ras^n* pa6oqift mosotb erceflHOBHO hpohsboahtb 
6ojrbme, ropasAO 6oji,me Toro, qro ofb bt> coctohhIh noTpefiHTB 
(Nouv. Princ. I, CTp. 85 — 86). Ho npH coBpeMOHHHX'B ycaoBiax'B xo- 
afldcTBa pa<5o*rie ho hm4jotb hh coCctbohhocth Ha serai), hh eo6- 
CTBeHHOdH Ha RaMTam. Il08T0My-T0 pa6oqie HysmaiDTca npesae 
Bcero bt> tom^, tto6h 30MeiBHH0 coCctbohhhhh no3BOjnuH hitb dojtb- 
soBaTBCH 3eMJieK); nocjriflHie fliaaDTB sa sto Bmert H3i> npoflyRTOBi 
Tpy^a. «Co6cTBeHHHKi 8emH, Ha KOTopofi coBepmaoTca Tpy^B, yaep- 
atHBaen, toctb upo^yKTOBt Tpyaa; brohomhcth Ha3HBa»TB btotb 
#oxo;vb 8eMeiLHoft peHTofi*. Pa6oqie HyacaaBTca, najrte, vb Rann- 
Tajrfe. tBoraTMfi ^eaoBtK-L, Bja^Kimift (tb^othbiuh npnnacaMH, ch- 
pKVH HaTepiajnavH h MamHHaMH, nsfiaBJieHi orb Heo6xoAEHOCTH 

Tpy^HTBCH, nOTOMy TTO OBTB HBJTHeTCH HiKOTOpHlTB •06pa30MT» X03HH- 

hoitb Ha^ Tpy^oiTB pa6o?aro, ROTopoMy oht> Bee bto aocraBHjrB. 
Bt> Harpa^y sa AOCTaBjeHBHH pa6oieMy Buro^u, ofb y^epsHBaeTB 
.mi> npoayRTOBt Tpy^a pafio^aro 6ojtBinyi) ^acTB. 9ro — npn- 

6UJHB Ha BA0X6HHH8 B*L A'fejUO RaHHTaJIIl HIH JJOXOflt RaHHTaAHCTa, 

Xoth 6m pafioqifl npoHSBO^nii npn noMomn csoero Tpyj^a ropasAo 



esmh 6oraTCTBa (Nouv. Princ* I, cop. 62 h 69). K-b 6ora-rcTBy, no ero mh*- 
Hiio, OTHOcaTca tojilko MSTepiaaLHUfl 6jiara; ho gaiLine oht» 8a6HBaeTi> bto 
onpextaeHie h n^inacjia&rb ki Han^iOHaaBHOity 6oraTCTBy yqeHuzt h zy^os- 
ehkob-b (Ibid. CTp. 147> Bo B8rMAaii. Ha 8eHeaBHyio peHTy oht>, hoao6ho 
A a- Cmiiy, em;e He bhojih* OT^BJtaatCfl orb 8a6iiy»A«HiH (()H8iORpaTOB%: Hcroq- 
hhkomt, produit net csysHTb, no ero mh-bhIk), Tpy^B npepo^H (le travail de 
la nature): 8§Mejn,Haa penra, roBopHTB oht>, Haqero He OTHHMaerb hh y apen- 
Aaxopa, hh y noTpe6HTeifl. 

*) BOlhm-Bawerk, «Kapital und Kapitalzins> B. I, CTp. 368. 



COmAJI&HO-SKOHOMHHECKIH B033PMIH CHXOHAA A*-CHCJIOHAn. 41 

fiojiBme Toro, ^to oht» TpaTerL eseflHeBHo, BecLMa pi^KO caynaeTca, 
qio6u, noarb Toro, kbkT) ofl noAfowca <tb 86M6ji[bhkmi> co6ctb6hhh- 
komt> h KanHTajHCTOM^, 7 Hero ocTaiocB (JojBme cavaro Heo6xoAH- 
Maro Ma. ero cymecTBOBaHia* (Ibid. cip. 87). <IIpH ofimecTBeHHOirb 
nopaAfii (dans Tordre social), — roBopirrB oh-b m> ^pyroMt iticrt,— 
6oraTCTBO npio6pijo choco6hoctb BOcnpoHSBOAHTbca npn noMonm *iy- 
acoro Tpy^a, 6e3i> BcaKaro coAiftcTBia go CTOpoHH coCcTBeHHHKa. Bo- 

raTCTBO, E8RI H TpyAt, npH HOMOmH Tpj^a SO HpHHOCHTB eaerOA" 
BUfi DpOJiyRTB... HpO^yKTB 9T0TB eCTB doxO&l, S03HHKaK>miH HBT, Kfl- 

nwnoMi (Ibid. crp. 82). 

Bt> npHBe^eHHuxi) xjErraTaxTb Bcairift y3HaerB sapoAHiirB Toft Teopin, 
KOTopaa TenepB H3BicTHa noA* Ea3BaHieMi» Teopin npnCaBOTOoft i$h- 
hocth. Cjit.njKimia icfccTa enje 6ojrfee roBopart bt, noxbsy Toro, *rro 
Chcmohah Bi) yieHin o aoxoa^ ct> KanHTaja aBJiaeTca npeAmecTBen- 
bbkomi> caMuxt BHAa»mHXca hobMhihx'b brohomectob'b. KerAa pa- 
Conifi TpyABTca npn noMomn uanHTajia, «to npoAyKTH ero roAHraaro 
Tpy.ua Bcer^a 6yAyn> Hrtfrn> 6ojn>myH) niHHOCTB, Thin* npoAyKTH npeA- 
mecTByiomaro roAa, cjyxamie coAepsameirB jyia pa6o^aro. Hkohho 
fijaroflapa aroft CBepxcTOHMOcra (a cause de cette mieux-value), roto- 
pas iiwb 6ojn>me, v&wb 6ojn>me nporpeccB ncsycoTBa hah HayKH 
bt. en npHMiHeHiH kt> HCRyccTBy, — npoiramjieHHOCTB cnoco6cxByeTB 
nocToaHHOMy pocTy €oraTOTBa> (ibid. CTp. 103). Ho 8totb npnpoerB 
HAen» He b* noaiB3y paeoinx-B, a fb nojn»sy RamiTajrHOTOB'B. Bt 
< Etudes sur l^conomie politique > met HaxoAHirB TaKoe o6mee 8aiti- 
game: t pBMCRifi npoieTapift »hjtb howh HCKJUO^iBTeJiBBO Ha cpeACTBa 
o6njecTBa, nojosyacB t4mh ot>4cthhmh npraacaiiH, Kasie pecny6*HKa 
pa8AaBa*a npoaerapiairB; hosho 6ujlo 6li csaaaTB, ^to ooBpeiteHHoe 
ofinjecxBO sHBeTB Ha cpeACTBa npoaeiapia, t. e. Ha Ty toctb, roto- 
py» oho BBiqHTaen> hsi ero aapaSoTHofi njaTH>. Ilocji scero 
cKa3aHHaro,«y Haci, RasaaocB, He aojdbho 6imo 6h 6htb HHRaRHx* 
coMHiraifi Ha cqera Toro, hto Chcmohah xoporao noHnHan, wb new 
saoroqaeTca hcto^hhk , b .noxo^a cb KanHTaja; ero Teopia ho toibko 
6jra3Ka kb Teopin peHTH Po^epTyca h rt> Teopin npnCaBOTOoft irtH- 
hocth, ho mh ^aace HaxoAHirB y Hero to caHoe BiipaseHie-r-CBepx- 
ctohhootb (mieux-value), bt> KOTopoin> nosAHiimie bsohomhctu <J)op- 
MyrapoBaiH cboh B3najpi Ha aoxoai ctb BanHTaia: surplus value, 
additional value y BraBaMa ToMncona, Mehrwerth h t. n. H #*»- 
cTBHTejuBHO, B03sptHia Chcmohah Ha floxojvL ct KanHTajia oKasaAH 
6ojrBmoe BJiiame Ha B. ToHncoHa, Ha HiKOTopHxi ceHt-cHMOHHCTOBt 

(AH^aHTOHa) H APyr., KOTOpHe II.ijIHKOM'L BOCnpHHHJH 8TH BSrJtaAHH 

CAijajH H3B hhxt> flajTBHifimie bkboas. 

Mh, o#Haso. npeyBOJiH^HiH 6u 3HaqeHie Chcmohjjh bt» btoitb otho- 
meHin, eczH 6u npasHajEH, ^to Teopia npHtiaBoraoft hIhhocth 6iua 
jvlo. Hero Bnojmi acHa: oh*l ho tojbko hg CA^Jai'L rtxt bhbo- 
AO^i, ROTopne jornqecKH H3i» Hea BtrreKarorL, <ho caMa Teopia ao- 
xoAa cb KanHTaja OTm^aerca y Hero qpesBiraafiHofi c(5HBqHB0CTBD. 
Phaoh'b oi BHrn^npHBOAeHHUHH B3iMHAaMH Ms HaxoAHMB y Hero 



42 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Apyrie, croamie ct> hhmh m> asaovcb npoiHBopiraiH. Ora npss- 
Haen, Hanp., *to senxeBJarftaeiii, faaroAapa nepBOHaiaiBHOMy 
TP7A7 no pacraorfffe somjh uh 6.iaroAapH oRKynaitfH OBOOOAHaro 
yiacTRa, npio6pijn> pa3i> Ha BcerAa npaBO Ha aeMeaBHyi) percy 
(Nouv. Princ. I, crrp. 110). Totoo TaKse h RanHTaiHCTB HMierB npaBO 
Ha noiywHie npoijeHTOBv. owb Ha hhxb noiyrarB npaBO, 6xar0Aapn 
nepBOHaiajBHoiiy TpyAy, ROTopony RanHTajr* otasaHi cbohmt* nponc- 
xoac^eHieHT> (ibid. 111). Chcmohah A**aerb sarbMi oriAyiomift o6mift 
bhbo#b: «Mh bhahm!, vro, He cMOTpa Ha yRasaHHyi) HaMH npOTHBO- 
noiosHOGTB.HesAy AOXOAaMH, npoHcxoAamHMH otb* (foraTCTBt h otb 
patkraeft cnjni, Meawy hhmh cymecTByert 6ojii>moe cxoactbo. Y hhxt> 

OAHHaKOBHfi HCTO^HHRt, HO EffTOUBBKb BTOTB OTHOOHTGfl RT> pa81H^- 

hhm'b anoxairB. fife* Beta* Tixt, xoTopHe a***™* HapoAHWB ao- 
xoaom*, oahh npio6ptTarorL, faaroAapa HOBOMy TpyAy, Rasffuft roAfc 
HOBoe npaBO Ha btotb aoxoa*; Apyne se npiotiptan npeacAe nocToaH- 
Hoe npaBO, faaro/japa nepBOHa^aiBHOMy TpyAy, cA*iaBmeMy eseroAHuft 
TpyA*B 6ojrte npoH3BOAHTai[BHHM , &. RaxAufl n&JiyqaerB cbod ao*» bt, 
HapoAHOMi aoxo;$ nocrojbKy, nocKOjrtKy ohb h ero aaROHHiie npeeM- 
hhrh npHHHHaOTL HiH se npHHHMaM ywcrie BT» cosAaHin SToro ao- 
xoAa (ibid. cip. 112 — 113). Osobhaho, wkn> HHRaRoft bo3moshocth 
npHMHpHTB nocjiiA^ee Mfffeme ci> BucKasaHHHirB paraine B3rjwA0M-b, 
tto BcaRift aoxoai cb RannTajia edb BHiera hsb sapa6oTHOft 
njrara. Mu aojshh TaRHMB o6pa30Mi, npHBMTB, tto, xoth Chcmohah 
h co3HaBajrB cym,Hocn> Toro, r Tro TenepB HasuBaeTca Tedpiero npHfiaBO*- 
Hoft d^hhocth, ho OHa y Hero He 6fcuia BnoJiai npoAynaHa, ohb nodTOMy 
iryiaeTca bt» npoTHBoptqiaxi. Tojibro HOBiftnmrb HiMeijKHM'B sroho- 
MHCTaifB, 6oiie cnocofimnrB rb tohkhmt, AQflyRTHBHiDTB H3CJrtA0Ba- 
mjauTB, 6oi4e hphbhihhmb rb a6cTpaKTH0Mj aHaansy, yAaiooB nepe- 
pa6oTaTL t£ bswehah, BOTopue HaxoAflicfl y Chcmohah eme bi> sapo- 
poAHtni, b*l cTpofiHoe h JoraiecKoe yieHie. / 

Eme 6ojr6e HHTepeoHiiHH HBiHUTCfl B033piHia Chcmohah Ha pa3- 

JUHHH6 BHAU JS,OXOJSflWb. Bl, BTOM'L OTHOmOHiH OHT> BCe^IO HBJUieTCfl 

npeAmecTBeHHHKOM r b PoAGepryca. H3BiGTH0, hto npeai bcid cncTeicy 
nocji^AHflro ispaoHOD hhtbd npoxoAHrt Ta mhcib, tto, npn ooBpeueH- 
hhxx yciOBiaxi HapoAHaro xoaaftcrBa, xapaKTepHsynn^arooa rocnoA- 

CTBOMTb qaCTHOfl CO6CTB6HH0CTH Ha 36MJH H Ha OpyAlH npOHSBOACTBa, 

BecB HaiaoHaiBHHd RoxoRb pacnaAaeTCH Ha Aril lacni: OAHa noory- 
naerB MaAtai^aarB 86mih h £>py^;ltt nponsBOACTBa, ^pyraa — npeAcra- 
BHTeaaMt TpyAa. Aoxoay, ocHOBaHHOMy Ha Bja^feHia (Besitz), bkjik)- 
qaa ci>Aa h 3eMeiLHyK) penxy, h npaSfciiB, ohl npoTHBOnocTaBJUieTB 
noaTOHy aoxoa*b 9 ocHOBasHitft Ha TpyA*. TaRoe se caMoe A^ieHie Ha- 
poAHaro AoxoAa mix HaxoAHHi h y Chcmohah. Xora Me»Ay aoxoaomi c% 
361UH h aoxoaoitb cb KaoHTaia, roBopHTL ohi, cyn^ecTByeTB HbROTopoe 
pasjHqie, OAHano mh mosohi o6a bth BHAa AOxoAa bridhhtb bt» OAHy 
K&reropiv), Tani KaKb seMjeBiaAijLi^H hie npeAnpHHHMaTejiH 36Mie- 
A^itBveoRHX'b pafioTB HrpaDTB no OTHomemjo Ri»pa6oqHMi TaKyro ace 



(i. 



COIUAABHO'dKOHOMHIECra B083FBHUC CflMOH^A AE-CHCMOHAH. 43 

pojt, EaffB h KanHTajHCTH-npeAnpHHHMaTejH bb ofaaora o6pa6aTH- 
BaromeS npoMHiraeHHooTH: nocai Toro, Rax* ohh enfiAME pa6oiiix*B . 
cpefldBaMH'npo^OBOJLCTBifl, oflH ciapaDTca hphcbohtb a*h ce6a ca- 

MHX"B B019 npH6£UB, CO3AaHHyj0 TpyflOMT>, H OCTaBHTB J>*6o*WWb JIHUIB 

caMoe Heo6xoAHMoe a*h noAA©P»*HiH. vai> jkhshh (Nouv. Princ. I, 

dp. 104). «C"B BTOfl BTOpOfi T01KH Bpiniff HapOAHH& AOXOA*B COCTOOTB 
TOJIBKO H3-B RByTb TOOTO*, OflHa H31> HEX* 3aKJ[D^a6T0fl BB eserOA" 

homb npoHSBOACTBi, a APyraa qysA* axoiiy nponsBOACTBy. Ilepsas 
eoiB aoxoa'b, BOBHHKaromjl otb SoraicTBa, a BTopaa qaoTB pa- 
6o*aa cHia, flBUDpaofl peayiBTaToirB shbhh... Toaoboo npoH3BOA- 
ctbo, mh pesyjiBTaTB bc&xb pafioTB, coBepmeHHtirt napoAOirB b*b tc- 
n'eme rofl'a, lasse coctohtb est* AByx* ^acTeft: oAsa h3*b bthxt* *a- 
CTeft cocTaBJiaerL emohho to, o qeirB mh tojebso *to roBOpnra, t. e. 
npnfoMB, npoHCXOAamyro otb 6oraTdBa; Apyry» se toctb cociaB- 
jaeTB padoqaa cnaaa (Ibid. cTp. 105)* IIpon;HTHpoBaHflna MicTa hcho 
A0Ka8UBaH>rB, mo Chcmohah Bnojra4 ycBOMi xy caMy© MaccH$HKa- 
quo rfapoAHaro AOxOAa, KOTopaa nrpaeTB y HOBiftniHX'B bkohomhctob'b 
xasyK) Bs^KHyio pojiB, hmohho p^enie HapoAHaro AoxOAa Ha jipxoxb, 
ocnoBaHHHft Ha TpyAi, h Ha 6eaTpyAOBoft zoxoRb — Ajrbeitsloses Ein- 
kommen. 

XoTfl, BOo6me roBopa, BaraaAH Chcmohah no Boupooy o aoxoa* 
He Bcer.ua achh h onpeAiaeHHH, ho bt> hex* BoeTasn nporjEHAHBaera 
co3Bafiie pasiircifl, cymecrayromaro iiea^y lacrHO-xoaaficTBeHHHM'B h 
HapoAHo-xoaafioTBeHHUM'B aoxoaoh*b. Owb MHoro pa3i> noBTopaen> 
Ty mhcjib, ?to Ha yBeraqeHie racTaro AOxoAa npeAnpHHHMaTera 

H62B8H CMOTpiTL, RdSl Ha BBIHTpUHTB A** HapOAHarO XOSfiftCTBa, TaKT> 

KaR*B 8T0TB 1HCTM& aoxoa* mosotb noay*MTBCff jh6o (wiaroAapa TOMy, 
tto npeAnpHHHMaTejD yAaaocB npoAaTB cboh TOBapti Aopose, *h6o 
GjaroAapa TOMy, ?to ohb yiuaTHjrB patioiHMB 6oiie hhbkoo B03Ha- 
rpasAeme. Oh-b cosHaBaffB, xoth eme He Bnorai hcho, tio sapa- 
6oTHaa njiaia, cb tohkh sptHifl HapoAHaro xoaafiOTBa, ho MOserB 
6ktb OTHecoHa kb H3AepsRaM , B npoHSBOAOTBa, a HOTOMy coKpamenie 
3apa6oTHofi njiaTH, xoth oho h MoserB yBOJiHHHTB aoxoa*b npeA- 
npHHHtfaTejrH, ho yBOJiH^HBaerB HapoAHaro xoxoAa bt> i^tiOMX *). 
HlKOJia PHsapAO, roBopnrB Chcmohah, HaauBaerL npu6vubw BCflKyio 
BKOHOMiX), KaByi) Hp6AnpHHHMaT6J[H jtfULWDTb Ha HBAepsKax'B npoH3- 
BOACTBa, t. e. h Ha coAepxaHin iDAefi, EOTOpuxi* ohh ynoTpe6j[fli)rB 
bb a*J*. Ha Hann> BsriflA'B bth jiioah cocTaBJEDTx Haipio ; to, 

1T0 SeiaDTB CBBKOHOMHHqaTB Ha C0A6p»aHiH BTHXl JUOJlfltL, flBJIflOTCa 
HCTO^HHKOMB HXB CiaCTBH, BTO — TOTB HBJIHffleK'B 64AHHKa ; Bfc KOTO- 

pOMB BonjiomaKTca Bet ero MaiepiajiLHHH Hacjraac^Hifl, CBflsaHHBiH 

*CB 3THMB* AOCTaTKOMB, T. 6. XOpOHlOe SHJUHD^O, XOpOHiee HJaTBe, XO- 

pomee BAopoBBe (Etudes I, CTp. 190 — 191). Chcmohah hobtomj OTKasH- 



*) Sehmoller, Die Lehre vom. Einkommen, Zeitsehrift fttr gesammte 
Sta&tswlHBenachaft, 1863 r. CTp. 13. 



44 PYCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Baerca bh^tb nporpecci Tan, rat, xoth h yBejmBBaeTca ucrafl; 
^oxoa*b 3eMJ[eBJ[aAiiBi(eB% e npomimjiesHirrB npegnpHHEiiaTeiel, ho 
bto yBejHieHie hxt> aoxo.ua noKyGaerca i(Ihod yMeHBmema BosHa- 
rpaamema Tpy;unwixcH uaccoBi. Ob cepAeraoi) 6ojlb roBopirrB ohb 
o tomb HanpaBjemH, no KOTopoiry noinio aHrjriftcRoe xoaaftcrao, xapaR- 
TepHsyromeeca bb ofaacTH seMeflijria npeBpamemeirB naxaTHUxt 
3eMeJB vb nacT6sma, t. e. coKpamemein» EoranecTBa 3eMje#fcjnrte- 
crhxb pafioiHXB h apeH/jaTopoBB, a bb ofiaacTH ofipafiaTHBaiomeft 
npoMLnnaeHHocn — Bee 6ojLmefl e (fojBmeft 3air&Hoft raaoBiqecRaro 
Tpy^a HamHHHoft pa6oTofi. HpoTHBT. H3B4cTHaro MEima PHRapjo, ^to 
jim HaipH 6e8pa8iH?effB paairtpi ea BaioBoro floxo^a, a BaseffB 
jthiub pasHipB iHCTaro floxofla, oht, npHBOflurL cj^y»mee 8HaMe- 
HHToe Bospaseme: cKaRB?6oraTCTBo cocTaBJraerB Bee, a mo^e — pinra- 
tojtbho Hnqerol KaRB, CoraTCTBO mtherb anaqeme jceieb nocTOJUbxy, 
nocKOJiLKy oho MoseTB 6htb ofiaoaceHO naioroMB? IIpaBo, ocTaercs 
tojbro noxejaTL, ito6h RopoiB ocraica oahvb Ha Bceirb octpob4 s. 

BOCTOHHHHO BOpTH pyROHTROft, HCnOJIHHJTB-fiBE HpH nOMOIIJH aBTOMa- 

tobb bch) pafioTy ^AnrjriH* *) Nouv. Princ. II, CTp. 331). 3temb mh 
3aKaHqaBaeM'L ji3JioaceHie B3rjraflOBB Chcmoh^h Ha paajOTHne Bonpocu 
TeopeTH^ecKofi brohomie. 

Mm, TaREVB o6pa80M%, 08HaR0MHJTECB ct toe EpETHRoft, RaRyro 

CfcCMOHflH BHCTaBBJTB RaRB npOTEBB TOH) HOBaTO HanpaBieHW, HO 

KOTopoMy ct> Romja nporaaaro BiRa nonua sROHOMnqecRaa keshb 
nepeAOBHX'L CTpaHB, TaRi h npoTHBi HayRH, cMOTpismeft Ha bto Ha- 
npaBjenie, RaRB Ha hJjito HfleaJiBHoe e Bnorai 3flopoBoe; mix no- 
jipo(5Ho ocTaHOBHJHCB Ha tomb aHajEerai, ROTopovy Chchohah no^Beprb 
ochobhhh ^epTH RanETaracynreecRaro xo3aftcTBa, CTpaaaronjaro, no ero 

MH*Hil), #ByMfl opraHH^eCRHMH 60jt3HaMH, T. 6. OTCyTGTBieiTB paBHO- 

Btcia Meaay poctomb #oxo,ija H poctomb HaceaeHia cb o^Hoft cropoHH, 
n HapymeHieMT» paBHOBicia Meac^y npoasBOflCTBOMB h noTpe6jeHieMi> 
cb APyroft. Mh no^epRHyra, HaROHei^'B, HiROTOpua H3i ero Teope- 
TH^ecKHxt B033p*Hift (ero y^eHie o npnfiHJH, ero Rjaccn^HKaijiff ao- 
xo^a), ROTopua eme 6oa$e yacHHDTt naMi RpnTH^ecRoe OTHomeHie 
Chcmohah r*b cyiu;ecTByiomHMi> ycjroBiflifB x03aficTBa. Y BCHRaro ^oj- 
meBt TenepB ecrecTBeHHo B03HERHyTB BonpocB, bb qeirB-se saRjno- 
'jaeTca ero nojoJKHTejBHaa nporpaMMa? KaRoe HanpaBieme HapoA- 
Haro xosflficTBa npe^cTaBjaeTca eMy 6osie HopMajLHUMi>? KaRia 
HSHtHeHifl vb cymecTByromHxi> SKOHOMaqecKHxt e npaBOBux* ycio- 

BiflXl C^ETaeTB 0H1> B03M03KHHMH H SCOJiaTeJIBHlIME? Ha 8TE BOHpOCH 

mm nocTapaeMca OTBiiETB bb ciiflyiomeft naBt. 



*) <Qaoi done? la richesse est tout, les hommes ne Bont absolament rien? 
Quoi! la richesse elle-mdme n'est quelque chose que par rapport aux impots? 
Ku verity, il ne reste plus qu'd desirer que le roi, demeur6 tout seal dans 
Hie, en tournant constamment une manivelle, fasse accomplir, par des auto- 
mutes, tout l'ouvrage de rAngleterre>. 



COqiAJBHO-BKOHOMHUCKIfl B033PSBIH CHMOH^ flB-CKCMOSAH/ . 45 



IIotth ao canaro nocjritoHflro BpeMOHH fl affrepaTyp* rocno^cTBO- 
Baao MHime, *rro y Chcmohah hb 6uao HHKasofi noJoaorreaBHoft npo- 
rpaMMa; xora oh* h pacspiin hsbh RaiiHTajniCTH^ecKarp CTpoa, ho 
oh*b He 6ha% bt> cHJiaxx npejposHTB Kam-ra6o npaKTaqecKia cpe/j- 
CTBa ^Jfl nxt Bd^ijieHia *). 3ro mrfcme nepexoflmo KaKt-6u no Tpa- 
OTitfH H3i> y^efiHBKa b-l y^eCHBKi,, H3*B OflHoro Handbuch'a bt> 
/ipyroft. Mosbo - jh craTaTt ero ocHOBaTej&Hmnb? 06mehob6Hho 
ccujaE)Tca Ha cjrk,nyi>mia cjiosa caiioro Chcmoh^h: «Co3HaDCB r 
hto uocjAtoto, K*Kb a ysasajfB, bt> qeMt, Ha Hoft bsmh^b, 3aiuiio- 
qaeica cnpaBe^HBOCTB, a ho qyBCTByD ce6a vb cHjaxx HaMfcrnTB 
cpe^cTBa, EOTopHH Heo6xo^HHU am ea ocymecTBJenia. PacnpefliaeHie 
npo^yKTOBt Tpy^a Measly t4mh, KOTOpse co^McTByDTB hx*b npoH3- 
BO^CTBy, npeACTaBjaeTca mh4 HecnpaBeamBinrB, ho mh£ Kaaceica, 
^to noqin Bume chjtb qeaoBiiecKrocB npHtfynaTL HHyD $opity co6- 
CTB6BH0CTH, KOTopaa (ftua-CH coBepmeHHO OTJH^Ha otb cymecTBy- 
»mefi» (Nouv Princ. II, dp. 364). 

Echh«6h ynpeKi bi tom-l, ^to Chcmohah ho flaeTB HHsasHX'K 
nojiosHTeiBHHX'L cpeflCTB* ^jia ycTpaHOHifl HeHopHaiBHocTefi cymecTBy- 

©mBXt yCJIOBift, HCXOflHJrB T0J6K0 OTB yTOHHGTOBl, TO 9T0 6iOO-6hI 

BnojBi noHATHO. Chomoh^h, A'feficTBHTejiBHo, He BtpHTL bx npe,pa- 
raeiiue bmh peitenra; ohx KaTeropnqecKH saaBHJt, *ito ho pa3^t- 
iaert $aHTacTHqecKHXT» npoesTOBi Po6epTa OydHa, Tomhcoha, $ypto 
z .npyraxx, ra> ho cqwaerB hx* ocymecTBHMHMK. Ho ynpera co cto- 

POHH yTOnHCTOB*B TOJBKO rOBOpffTb BT> EOJUOJ CHCMOH^H: KSLWb TOfflO- 

B*k*b, npeKpacHO 3HaK0imft ct> HCTopie©, oht> cihhikomi xopomo 3Hajn>, 
tto KpynHua H3MtHeHia bt> o6n^ecTB6HHiix < B yoiOBiflxi ho coBepma- 
DTCfl no MaH0B6Hix> BOjnneCnaro se3jia, vro Ta hih raaa o6mecTB6H- 
Haa opraHH3an,ia ho ycraHaBJiHBaeTca no cos^aHHOHy qeiOBiiecKoft 
^aHTaaiei) mafijioHy. Mh xothm-b yft&flHTB bkohomhctob'l, roBopKTB ohi>, 
^to etl Hayna habtb no josHOMy HanpaBJiemio. Ho mh ho HMiearB 
^ocxaTO^HO ^OBipia Kb saniBH'B CExairB, tto6h yKasart em-l, st wm> . 
AOjbsho 3aK2ioqaTLca hctehhoo HanpasJteHie. Canoe 66JiBniee, ^to 
AocTynHo Hameify yiiy, saKJioqaerca wb tovb, hto6h yacHBTb ce6t 
coBpeMOHHyi) opraHHsaipn o6mecTBa. <Ho Tjsjh Ha&TH Toro BH#ai>- - 
m,aroca qejioBixa, KOTopuft moi"b-6h npHAynaTB Tasyx) o6n^ecTB6HHyi> 
opraHH3anjE), sanaa em;e ho % cyn^ecTBOBaia, kotopuh-6m Mora bh^^tb 
Cy^ymee TaKi-se, KaKX mh bbahm'b Hacroamee* (Etudes I, CTp. 105). 
Mu npHBHaeMi TaEse cnpaBe,pBB0CTB ynpesoBi, a^^mux*b 
Chcmohah * HOBifimeft HtMei^Kofl aEOHOMHqecsofi msoioM. ^Mctbh- 
tojbbo, He cMOTpa Ha to, tco Chcmoh^h xopomo cosHaBaJt opraHH- 



*) Mignet, Meiroires de FAcadtoie des sciences morales et politiques, t. VI. 
1850 r. CTp. 19. 



46 • ' • ' PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

f 

^ecKia 6ojt&8hh, npncymia KauirrajiHCTE^ecKOMy cTpox) npOH8BOA0TBa, * 
ho CMOTpa Ha to, ?to owb paeipixra ochobhhh npoTHBopiqia 9T0r0 
CTpoa, oht> 6h» He bt> cHiaxi ocboCoahtbch orb E^MBwauntb no- 
HHTift, E6 Mora OTpimHTBca otb HacTEO-xoaaHCTBOHHOft oprarasaijik 
npoHSBOAOTBa; oh*b crpeMHioa R-BTony, vro6u coxpaHHTB hobuh cpeACTBa 
npossBo^cTBa h o6iriHa bt, pausan CTapmB (gropm xosaftcTBeMoft 
opraHH3ai^iH. B& btojtb sauiqaeica caMaa xapaKxepHaa iiepTaCHOMOHAH. 
Oht> aBuaeTca bt» nomoMi oioicji cjioBa nacaTeJiein» nepexoA- 
Hofi booxh: bo MHoroin> nopBaB* CBA8B cb cymecTByromHM'B, OHT> 

OTHOCHTCfl KX E6My Q0CBMa RpHTHTOCRH, HO OHO BC6TaBH MA* HHlfL 

TarorterB. Eny He y^ajiocB noflir&THTb TixtaapoAHineft hobhxt> ycaoBift, 

Earn BupaOaTjEiBaiHOB yae eoBpeMOHHoS ewy o6mecTBeHHoft shshbd. 

Ho ynpesH b*b oTcyTCTBin y Chomohah noaomreiBHoft nporpaMMH, 

BT> TOMT>, TO) OHT» H6 8Ha6TB > VGTO S6JI a CTb, J&ZaXKVb H6 T0IBR0 

npeACTaBHTOJHHH BiinieyKa3aHHfiix i L HanpaBieHifl. B*b btom* ynpeEaiH 
ero h cTopoHHHRH MaH^ecTepcTBa, h npeAaraBHTeiH HOTopnqecRoft 
idkojoi. BorB bth-to ynpeKH mh craraeMi coBepmewio HecnpaBeA- 
xhbhmh. KaKT> yBHAHMi ceftqacb, Chcmohah y»e wb nepBoft ^otbopth 
HHff&mHflro cTOjrtTia HaMfrnurB Ty nporpamiy coitfajtBHHxx pe$opMi>, - 

KOTOpyK) CB TaKOfi TOpSeCTBOHHOCTBI) H HOMHOft CT8JH paBBHBaTB 

TOibKO 50 jrbTB cnycTa HiMeijRie RaTeAepircoitfaiHcra. CpaBHHBaa 
pasiH^Hua npaKTHqecm mtponpiaTifl, npeAiaraemia Chcmohah h 
hbbIcthhm'b cVerein fur Socialpolitik», moxho ihuib yAHBMTBca ■ 
TOMy, Kasi Majo ymu BnepeffB i*eHU BToro Verein'a, sara Maao 
ohh Bociroj[B80BajLHCB ypoRaMft fiucrpo pa3BHBa»meflca eKOHOMeqecKofl 
4EH3HH. Pa3HBi;a Mesoy Chcmohah h bthmh nncaTeMMH saKixraaeTCfl 
mhib bt, tomt>, *rro nepBiift BLiCTaBJiaerb cbod nporpaiwy ci> ropaa^o 

COJIbmefi CRpOMHOCTBH); QWb ^yBCTBOBaJTB H OTKpOBOHHO 8aHBHJn>, TO) 

9Ta nporpaMMa HeAocraToiffla, ito oHa He ycipaHHTB Bcixx (H&ACTBift 
EanHTCuiHCTHqecKaro cTpoa. Mh HaxoAHMt y Hero Tasse ropaaAO 
Cojbme HCRpeHHOCTH h MeHbme caMoyBtpeHHOcm Bt, h4rotophx , b 
oTHomeHiHxi), Rant yBHAira HHse, oh*b Aaxe ymexB Aa*Bme coBpe- 

MOHHUX'b BKOHOMHCTOB'B. 

HiaKB, bt> qevb-xe saKJOED^aeTca noJuosuTOJiBHaH nporpaMMa 
CHMOHAa-Ae-CHCMOHAH? Mu yace yita3UBaiH Ha to, too oht> HBJUieTGfl 

OAHHMT, HB1> nepBBIX'b HHCaTOiefi, BMCTynHBfflflXT> Vb piBKHMl HpO- 

TecTOM'b npoTHBT. npzHD.HnoB'L laissezfaire; btotl npoTecrB BUTeKaeTB 
y Hero ho H3i> seJiaHia orpa^HTB Han,ioHajbHue BHTepecu hjih Hai^io- 
HajbHyD oaMocTOflTeJEBHOGTB, saK'L mu 8to bh^hmx, Hanp., y 4>pn^- 
pHxa JlHCTa; ohi npoTeciyerb mjuuowiexbuo bo hmh 6ojKle cnpaBe^- 
jHBaro pacupe^eflia CoraTCTBa, bo bma HHTepecoBi Tpy^ametica 
Maccu. He CMOTpa Ha 6iaroroBtflie, c-b KOTopuMi oht> OT&ocHTca Kb 
AAany CMHTy, ohi npaMO aaflBjraerb, ^to xhx&erb H3t ero TeopeTH- 
qecKHXTD nojioaceaiA buboah, opaMo DpoTBBoaojiosHue rfeMt, kt> eo- 
TopHMT» npHinejx aBTopi. «BoraTCTBa HapoAOBt*. «Aa. CMHrB, roBO- 

PHTT> OHT>, HMia Bli BHA) T JIHOIB 60raTCTB0 H 3Hafl, ^TO BO* BJiaA*H)- 



C0mAIBH0-9K0H01fHHBCKIfl B033PSHM CHMOHflA flE-CBCHpHflH. 47 

ntfe doraTCTBoiTB BaHHTepecoBaHH bi ero yBejuraeHiH, npnniexB kt> 
Tony 8aBiDH6HlD, HTO poora 6oraTCTBa CKopie Bcero Cy^era flocnrr- 
Hyro b-l tojtb cjyiai, eciH npeaocTaBHTB o6njeorBy Homy© cbo6oat 
bi> npeoriwrcaHiH cbohxi mrrepecoB-B. Oh* otipaTMca Kb npaBHTeiB- 
CTBy co ojftATttmHKH cioBaMH: oyioia CoraiCTBa oTfflurBHHX'B aim* co- 
CTaBAflen 6oraTCTBo Hania; h4tb Tasoro 6ora?a, KOTopuft ho crapajca 
6h c^iiaTBCfl enje <5oa4e 6oraTHin>; ^aitae eny HOJHyro oBofioay, h oht> 
o6oraTHn» flaitfi), yseiHTOBaH cbob oo6ctb6HH06 6oraTOTBO (Nouv. Princ. 
I, cTp. 51). no flaraeMy-xe MHfaii), npoflOJisaeT'B Chcmohbh, IJ4JB 
nojiiTH^ecKoft asoHOMiH aaKJiiwaeTCfl He bt> yBejE^eniH CoratcTBa, a 
vb yBeinqeHiH Bceo6maro faaroaeHCTBia. Mh noaroMy ho* Bipam> 
vl 6iaroA*Tej[BHOCTb npmnpna laissez faire». «Mh bha4ih, ^to 60- 
rarae Moryrt yflejranuiBaTB oboe CoraTCTBa, bjtb (toaroaapa HOBOMy 
npoH3BOACTBy, hjih se (taaroflapa TOMy, hto ohh npncBoarB bi cbod 
nojcbsy 6ojbfflyD qacn> hs* tofo, no paHBme noorynaio bt» noaBsy 
<5*Ahhx , b; hmghho, ito6u peryorapoBaTB ero pacnpeAfaeme, ttoCh 
cjfluaTB ero cnpaBe^mBinrB, mi novra nocToarao npa3HBaein> rocy- 
AapcTBeHHoe BMimaiejiLCTBo, KOTopoe oTBepraiocB Afl. Cxhtojcb. Ha 
HanrB Baria/rB, npaBHTejBCTBO aojmkho 6htb 3anjHTBBK0MT> cia6aro 
nponrBi. cHiLHaro, Ban^HTHHKoirB Toro, bto A MoaserB sampmaTtca 
eo6cTBeHHHMH cnxaMH; oho aojisho hbjhtbqh upeflOTaBHTeaeirB 06- 

mHXl> H nOCTOSHHUXl HHTepOOOBB UpOTHB'B BpeM6HHHXl> H HOCIipa- 

BeaiflBHi'B HHTepecoB^ OTAtjtBHUX'B ranv (Ibid. dp. 52). ^oraaTB 
CBotfoAHoft h Bceo6mefl *OHayppeHi#H, roBopnTB owb flaaie, noiyrarb 
mnpoKoe ocymecrBieme bo bc*xi> i;HBHJB30BaHHLix'B cipaHarB. Bia- 
ro^apa cbo6oaho8 KOHKyppeHuJa npoHSBOAHTeJBHHH chih, fffcftcTBa- 
TejBHO, c^tiaJH 6ojrBmie ycnixa-, ho eft se MHoroiHareHHHe uaccu 
HaceieHia o6asaHH cbohmh CTpaflaaiaiiH. cToibko 6jaro,n,apa oiuuTy 
met noiyBCTBOBajra noTpe6HOCTB bt, rocy^apcTBeHHoft samarfe, KOTopyro 
mh npaBHBaeMi,; oaa Heo6xo#HMa flia BocnpenaTCTBOBaaia TOiiy, 
hto6h Juo.ua ho 6iuh npaaeceaH bi» sepTBy tforaTCTBy, kotopuvb ohh 
coBepmeHHo ne bi cocToaHin 6yAyn» BoonoiB80BaTBoa» (Ibid. crp. 53). 
Ha ynpeKi, cfliaaraHtft eiiy 3K. B. Ca, m> toitb, ^xo ohb oTKaaaaca 
otb npHH^auoB'L laissez faire a npHsroaerB BMimaTejiLCTBO o6n^e- 
OTBeHHoft MacTH, Chchohah oTB^^aeTB: «BiAB BaKOHO^aieJiB, ycTa- 
HaBAHBafl npaBO qacrraoft co6cTBeHHOCTH, peryiapya HauritaCTBeHHoe 
npaBO, 3amamaa hohohojoh pasHaro po#a, aanpemaa aacajrie a ao- 
nycKaa xarrpocTB — adresse (obtb paayMterB, BipoaTHp, codbh npe«- 
npaHBMaTejefi), bobco ho ocTaeTca HeftTpaiBHiiMX. Hmohho, ct> i^^ibd 
h3m*hhtb to, ^to ofb cairb cosAara, a a Tpe6y», tto6h ohi ffbft- 
CTBOBajrB A&^nib (Nouv. Princ. II, cxp. 463). 

HTaKB, Chcmohah Tpe6yen, BMimaTeibCTBa rocy^aporBeHHoft 
BJiaoTH, ^to6m ycTaaoBHTL 6ojie cnpaBe#iHBoe paonpeAtxeme 6oraT- 
CTBa, qTo6u orpajpiTB HHrepecH 6oi*e cia6nx , B. Bt tomi-so bto 
BMimaiejiBCTBO aoj»ho npoHBJUiTBca? YKaseMi npesw Bcero Ha 
Mipu, t{upb CKa3aTB, OTpai},aTejBaaro xapasTepa, t. e. CBOflamiaca kt> 



48 , * PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

0TM*h4 HtKOTOpMTB yS6 CyEjeCTByDEJEXX BaKOHOB'B. BeiHKoe 810 

coBpeMOHHaro BROBomraecRaro crpoa saRJuoqaeTCE, no ME&siio Chcmobah, 

Vb TOITL, TTO TpH (jmKTOpa IipOE3BOACTBa HO G06AEE6EH Vb OAEOMt 

mqi, ^to npe^cTaBHTeiB TpyAa ho flBi&eica vb to «e Bpeiia npeA- 
cTaBHTejieM'L soiue h sanHxaioBi. 3aK0H0AaT6JQ»CTB0 aojkho CTpe- 

METBCE El C06AHH6HiK) (JaRTOpOBl npOflSBO^CTBa. cMH 6hl y*T> MHOrO 

CAkiaiH, ecin-6H saROBOAaTeiBCTBO nepecTajo A4*CTB0BaTB wb Ha- 
EpaBieHiH, jtara pas* npoTEB0noao»EOM*b BTOMy con,iaibHoMy beto- 
pecy: eora-6H otm4eiuhi bo4 sasoHU, sa^epsHBaDnUe no^pa3Atieme 
HacjiiACTBeHHUXTb HMymecTBT), taaroapiflTCTByttniie ofipaBOBaEuo h co- 
xpaHBHiA) spynHHX'B cooTOflmft h npenaroiByjomia Tony, tto6h Ra- 
nHTajn> 2 seneiiBEafl coSctbobboctb paonpeAiMracB MajeEBREKB ao- 
msmk MexAy acnojiHjauBomBMH pyqHOH TpyA*; ec*B-6ii oTMiEBaB bc* 
sasoHH, aaniEmaromie RoaiBijiE *npe#npHHiiji aTeaeft npoTEBt pa6osHXT> 
h jramaionue pafioraxi. ex*b ecTecTBeBEHxi* cpeACTB* am iipotebo- 
fli»CTBia» (Nouv. Princ. II, dp. 450 — 451). 

Ho homhmo btext> 0TpHn,aT6Jn>HHX'L Mipi, Cbcmobab peKOMGH^yerL 
h pfl^ nojioffiHTejrLHHX'B ir&poEpiHTiS KaK1» B*B 06iaCTH ceJiBORaro xo- • 
8fl£cTBa, Tani h vb c$epi o6pa6aTHBaiomeft npomunieHHOcts. KaKt 
Ham* yse b3b4ctbo, b% ofaacTB ceiBOKaro xoaflftcTBa ero CHMnaiiH 
lesarB Ha CTopoHt Tasi HasuBaeMoft naTpiapxaiBEofi ohctomu o6pa* 

tiOTKH BetfJTH, T. 6. 06pa60TRB 36MIH M6JIKHMH 36Mej[BEHME C060TB6H- 
. HHKaUH. Il08T0My-T0 OHT> TpeGyOTB OTB npaBHTOJlBCTBeHHOS BJiaCT* 

noonjpema STOft $opKH xoaaftcTBa. «Ho oTHomeHuo kt> seiue^B- 
^ecKOMy Haceiemio 3a^aqa npaBETeabCTBa saRJiroqaoTca bt» toitb, *to- 
6m o6e3neHHTB 3a t4mh, rotopho TpyaaTea, ysaarie vb seiceiBHOfi 

C06CTB6HHOCTH, EOOnjpflTB npOEMymeCTBeHBO Ty CHOTOMy 06pa60TKH 

seMra, KOTopyE) mh sadBajifl naTpiapxaiBEoft. KpyuHua Bja^mfl be- 
Kor^a He ltoryrb 6mb ofipafiaTHBaeira no eioft cBCTeirL 3aR0B0Aa- 
TejbCTBo ^ojubho noaToicy OTpoHHTBoa k*b ex* noApasAiaeHi©... Ho, 

TiWB H6 MOHiO, H31> yBa2K6Hifl KB CB060flt, daROHO^aTOJlB pflmmb 

Au SToro ynoTpe6j[flXB ihihb o6n^ifl h RocBeHHHfl Mtpti; ero xk&o 
cBOAHTca kt» TOMy, mo6u ao B03MoaHOcrn o6JLeTwrb npo^aay hoabh- 
SHMocTeft, ito6h A03B0MTB noApasAtiesie bt> Kas^ofi ceMbt HaoxbA- 
ctbohhhx'b HMymecTBi), tto6u BoonpemaTb BCflKia ns^axifl h oy6oTH- 
TyAiH, HaBcer^a aaRpiniaiomia co6ctb6HHO ctb, ^votn npH3HaTB, Ha- 
B0H6ITB, 3a BaaAtoieMt seiuen H3BicTHHfl npeHMyn^ecTBa, TaEi tto 
BGflKift KpecTBflHHH'L 6jflfiTb oTpeMffTBCfl k*b npio6pfrreHix) MajieHBKaro 
ynacTKa sohjih n*& yflOBieTBopemff cBoero caM0JiK)6ifli. 9th RocBeHEiiA 

MipBI, EO HEtHilO ChOHOHAE, Bt 3HaiHTeiBH0& CTenOEE HGnpaBETB TO * 

3jo, t. e. ROEi^esTpamiD 36M6JibH0fi coSctboeeoote, fOTopoe ebejiocb 
pe3yjbTaT0Mi> sepanjioEaiBsaro 3aK0H0#aTejibCTBa. Ho Ror^a ROHH,eHT- 
pai^ia 3eiieibH0fi co6ctb6eeoote yse nyoTEia oumKOirb rayfioRie RopHE, 
KaKb sanp. bi> Aetjiie, r^i b<& seMaiBEra BJaA^aia cocpeAOTonesu 
vb seMEorExi pyRax%, r^i Rpyimse ^epMepu coBepmeHso ho Aaiorb 

B03M0SH0CTE ROERyppEpOBaTB MeiKHlTb COfiOTBeSEERaiCB fl apOHAuTO- 



COipAXBHO-BXOHOMOTECKIH B033PMIH CHMOHflA flE-CHCMOH/(H. 49 

pairs, TaMt aasoHOAaTeiBCTBO aoxaxHO npxflTH Ha homoh(b amn no- 
cifypnurB 6ojrfce npamarB nyreirB. iSaKOHOflaTexBciBO, ofaaaHo oxa- 
aroaiB eiy homoiijb kb Effrepecaxt Tpyjjameftca icaocu, kb Htnrepe- 
caxL Bcefi HaipH, HaxonenB, h fl HKrepecarB xpynHEira seme- 
Bia^iiBi^effB, xoropue cam 6yjsjrb pasopeHH, oqxh hkb yaadca jhh- 
?toshtb Bee to Hacexenie, xoropoe ohh TenepB mrownyrb* (Ibid, 
dp. 342). 3th npfiMm ufcpu BMimaTejiLCTBa, BOAyntf* vb f6koto- 
piurt orpaHHqeHLnrB uciHoft aeMexBHoft co6ctb6HHocth 9 Chcmohkh 
onpaBjpiBaeTi bocbihi HHTepeoHHHH ooo6paseHuucH. 

c^aoTHaa co6ctb6hhoctb Ha aeicxx), roBopnrB okb, ocHosaHa He 
Ha npHmpirb cnpaBeflxraocrH, a Ha npHHn,xir& oCmecTBeHHoft hoxbsh*. 
OfimecTBo ycTaHOBUo hhcthtttb qacraot co6ctb8hhocth, tto6h jgh- 

MBTb CTHHyJTB Kb TpjJXJ. «(>H0, CrfflOBaTaiBHO, IipHHflXO 3eiUeBXatf£jB- 

ijest no;r& GBoe noxpoBHrex&cTBo pmh cBoei-se hoxbsh, pa^n hoxbsh 
Kan <%XHaro, Taxi h 6or^iaro« Ho otimecroo mosotb npeAracHBaTB 
sexxeBxaflixBiiavB, otiasaHHraL eicy 9Tofi ycTymtofi npasa oo6otb6h- 

HOOTH, HSBtCTHEZfl yCXOBifl. OflO #1X6 gQJORHO 8TO J&XATb HO flyxy 

caMoft ycTynm. Oho floxaxno hoatchhtb seieiBKyx) oo6ctb6hhoctb Ta- 
xoxy K 8aKOHOAaTeiBCTBy, xoropoe, fliflcrBHTexLHO, hji£io-6h gbohhs 
peayiBTaTOMi* noxB8y Beta, Tax* xata toxbxo b*b HirrepeoarB 06- . 

meft HOXB3H 006cTB6HHOCtb 8Ta HpHSHam SaXOHOKB* (Nouy. Princ. I, 

<rrp. 160). HacTHaa ooGctbohhoctb na seiux), roBopnrb okb aarfce, 
He ecTB Hfrrro, BureKanmee H8* npHpo/pi. Hcropia flaero mra Hacoy 
npHMipoB'B, r;j& Taicol co6oTB6HHOdH BOBce He cymecTByerB. Boo6me 
OTffftxeme npefldaBHrexeft Tpyaa otb npefldaBHTexei seMexBHofi co6- 
etBeHHOdH eoTB npo^yxTB ofimecTBemoft opraHHsaipH. <JSxb pas^i- 

XOHle, IipOTHBOnOJOJKHOCTB HTB HHTepeCOBT* J90TB OJT&AOTBie HOKyCCTB0H- 

Hofi opraHHsai^H, xoropyx) mh aaxn ?exoBtaecxoMy o6mecTBy. Boe, 
*ro eocTaBxaerB flfcxo HanmrB pyxi, hoax6Jkhtb h HameMy fonrpoxx); 
BMimaiexBCTBO saxoHOA&Texs aoxsho no&roity xacanoa h rtxi 8x0- 
jrnOTpefixeHift, KOTopuH hbxhdtgh. pesyxBTaTOiTB ero 3aK0H0BX>. H 
TaKB 9 xasifl-se orpaHH^eHia o6mecTBo Hoserb HaxosHTB Ha wthjk) 
86MexBHyx> co6ctb6Hhoctb? Bt, qeMi afltoB aojekhh 3aKXD^aTBca npa- 
HHfl Mipn rocy^apcTBOHHaro BMiniaTexBCTBa? 

HipH 8TH 3aKjaoqa»Tca, no va&mn Chchoh^h, m Ton, iro Ha v 

SpyHHHX'B 86M6XBHHTB C06dBeHHHK0B r B ^OXXHa 6iITB BOSXOSeHa 0<fa- 

8aHH0GTB o6e3ne^HTB 3enxeAixB^06KHX'B pafio^HTB Ha exyqaft HXB 
CTapocTH, 6oxi3HH, Hecrcacrift h 6dspa6oTHipi. «KpynHHe seHOXBHiie 

C06CTB6HHHKH H KpyUHHO apeH^aiOpU BM3BajHKB SH3HH KXaCCB 86HX6- 
fliXB^eCKHTB pa60^HXl», 6681 XOKTB OHH H6 MOrjTB o6ofiTHCB. Co6- 
CTB6HH0GTB BTHXl KpynHHX*B 86HX6BXaj^XBI^eBl» HHTOrO H6 0T0HXa-6iI, 

ecxn6H ho 6hxo seHxe^&DDb^ecKHXB pafe^sx'B; b*b ycxyraxi nocit^- 

HHX'B Hya^aeTCfl HCEXX)?HTeXBHO KiaCCB 8eMeXBHHX'B C060TBeHHHK0B'B. 

Mes^y 8thmh ^ByicH Kxaccavn cym,ecTByeTB noBTony ooxx^apHocTB, 
H.aeMJe^iiBietKie pafoqie aoxshei noxy^aTB ope^dBa k*b *h3h# 
hcbxx>^ht6xbho Bffb toto 6oraTCTBa, xoTopoe ohh co3^ai)TB vb xpyn- • 
M 8. Ota*« n. • 4 * 



50 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

HUrb 3eM6JILHHX , I> BJMWfeHUirB. OHH MOIJTB CrOBapHBaTbCfl ct ae- 
MeiLHKMH CO^CTBeHHBKaiEH HaCTOTB D$HH HTB pafiOTOrO jQ[Hfl; HO 6CIH 

pra .itftaa HeAOoraTO^Ha, eciH ceraa pafcraaro, nojy^HBinaro 8Ty ijtay, 
HysAaeTca eme bx HiKOTOpoft npH6aBK$, to HCRJODwreiLHO seMen- 

HH6 C06CTB6HHHEH MH KpyDHHO apeHAaTOpiI, AJfl H01L3H: KOTOpHTB 

h cymecTByen> uaccL seiueA'ta&TOCKiix'B pa6oqexx, ofiosaHH A&Baib 
DTy npB6aBsy» (Nouv. Princ. II, crp. 350). OtasaHHOOTB oxaaHBara 
noMOim* 3eitiieA'feiBqecKHMi> pa6orairB AOJnraa, TaoMX o6pasoirB t na- 

AaTB H6 Ha BC6 06meCTB0, a JDUnL* Ha SeMOJIBHHX'B COSCTBeHHHKOB'B, 

noiB3y»mHica hxi TpyAOirt. Ecjdi mh npHSHaeifb stotb npHflnmn>, 

eC4H C06CTB6HHHKl H apeHAaTOp* 6j^yTB 3HaTfc, HTO TOIBKO OHH 0(fc- 

sanu A&BatB coAepsame seMje^iiB^ecKmrB pa6oqajn> bt> ciyroi 60- 
jrtaHH, CTapocTH, Hec^acrift h 6e3pa6oTHD^i, to ohh cam 6yxjT* fla- 
saTB obohmi pa6o?HM% jqpmiee B03HarpasAeHie, ohh ho OTaHyro htb 
HSHypflTB paCoTOft h 6y#yTB pacnpeAiiaTB pa6oTy 6oiie paBHonipHO. 
HiaKiy Mips rocyxapcTBeHHaro BMimaieiBCTBa, pesoMeHAyeMKH Ch- 
cmohah vb o6jiacTH ce*BCEaro xo3flftcTBa, cBOAHTca Kb citAyi>meMy: 
nocmpefiie MeiKaro aeMieMaAiHia h paaApofaeHie Kpyiraoft seMeiB- 

* HOfi C06CTBeHH0CTH CB OftHOft CTOpOHN, BOSJOSeme Ha 86MeJ^HHTL 
C06CTBeHHHK0Bl c6H3aHHOCTH COA6])2KaTB CBOHXT* pa60HBXB BO BpOMff 

(SojrisHH, Hecqaciifi, cTapocrHH 6e3pa6oiHipi — ct» Apyroft. 

Eme KHoroCTdeHHie Mipn, npeA»raeMHa Chcmohah, no otho- 
meHk) ki o6pa6amBai>meft npoMHmieHHOcra. Xora ofb b*b npra- 
unni BUCKa8UBaeTCfl npoTHBi TaMOxeHHot hojehthkh h BOo6nje npo- 

THBT> BCflKarO nOKpOBHTeiBCTBa np0MHmi6HH0CTH H TOprOBli, OHB BC6- 

TaKH ho npH^aerB BTOMy npnnijHiiy afcojooraaro 3Haqema. Oht» ao- 
nycKaerb, T rro Bt HiKOTopurb cayqaaxB noKpoBHTeiBeiBO o6mecTB8H- / 
Hoft BiacTH HBJUieTCfl nojesHHifB h Aaae h6o6xoahmhic i b. He Bcasaa < 
nania xopomo noraMaerB cboh HHTepeciz, ho Bcanaa otiiaAaera ao- 
craTO^iHofi HHHu,iaTHBofi, ?to6h CTpeHHTBCH Kb EX% ocymecTBjeHii). 
cHhoA pas* neo6xoAHMO CuBaerB npnCiraTB Kb TOjnKairB, ?io6h 
bubooth HanJ» H3i> o^nefftmfl* (Nouv. Princ. I <rrp. 459). fit bthtb 
cjiyqaaxx Tpe6yeica rocyAapcTBOHHoe noompeme. Kor.ua Hai^ia, bcj^a- * 
cTBie ysopeHHBniHxcH b*l Heft npeApascyAKOBi, othochtch ct> npespft- 
meub ko BctM'B yTHJiHTapHBiMi> npo$ecciflMT», vb npommueHHocTH H 
ToproBJii, Tor^a, 6utb Hosei^, aMaeTca HeofixoAHMHirb noompaTB 
bth OTpaciH TpyAa iiyieMx xbrovb h aKCTpaopAHHapmm HHiooTeft> 
(Ibid., CTp. 460). Kasi h3b£ctho, sth-so cairafl coo6paseHiH ebh- • - 
jhgb Tasse y OnoapTa Mhuih OAHoft zvb npH^HHi ero OTOTynaeHia 
otb npHHJ^HnoBi> laissez faire; Mhjuil pasBHJTB 8Ty mncjeb eme hoa- 



Ho HecpaBHeHHO 6ojojne BHHMaHiH Chcmohah yA^flen BM&na- 
TejtcTBy rocyAapcTBOHHOft BjacTH cb d^jibd ycTpaHeHia hih, ho 
KpafiHeft Mtpt, cMarqeHia BpeAHHxi* pesyjn»TaTOBi> kaposA&Boi^^ 
TorAa npoMumjieHHoft chctohh. Mh yae BHme bha^joi, sauna Mp^- 

.HHMH KpaCKaMH OHT> HapHCOBaTb Ty npOHHHUeHHyY) peBOXDI^D, cbh- 



COI(IAJIBHO-dKOHOMH<IEqKlJl B033PMIH CHMOHAA. AE-CHCMOH^H. 51 

XtTeJUeiTB KOTOpoS 6HJ npHDMOCB 6BETB. OffB CB Oep^e^HOH 60JTBH) 

CMOTptj'B Ha nocTeneHHoe HcqeaHOBeme MeaRHxx peMecieHHHROB'B h 
sycTapeft, Ha ROHiteHTpaipro RanHTaioB'B h np0Munuii6HH0CTH; ostb <tb 
y»aooH , B roBopnrB o THxeaoifB Tpy^i seHmnnB h jsfireA Ha $a(5pH- 
KarB, ofo y6iflcTB6HH0ft o6cTaHOBRi TpyAa, ofo H3HypHTeaBH0 #ahh- 
hojtb pafio^eiTB ah*, HHmeHCKOft 3apa6oTHofi mart, o Henpo^HOcra 
noJioseHia pa6o^Hxi>, hoctohhho pHcsymn^xi* jmmHTBca samnift 
BdiACTBie 6oji*8Hh, cTapocTH, a raaBHoe — BCJcb^cTBie noBTopjuomnxca 
kph3hcobi> h nocreneHHOft aairfiHH ^MOBt^ecKaro Tpy^a TpyflOMB ua- 
mnwb. Owl npnsHaeTCH, tto npoTHBi bc*xb bthxi 6*ACTBi# ohb He 
.MOserB npe^CTaBHTB HHRaRimb paAHRaaBHHx-B cpeflCTBi; ho ohb boo- 
TaKH He cwraenb BOSHOSHBorB ociaBaTBca 6e3yiacTHHM'L rb bthite' 
TflxejUMT, CTpa^aHifliTB TpyAflmefica MaccH, oht> Haxo^arB Hys- 

HHJTB CflluftlTB BCe, *ITO B03MOJKHO, HO RpattHOft M4p*, flfiH CMHrqefllH 

bthxb cTpa^;aHifi>. Mh fliftcTBHTejiBHO xqisiqi npH3HaTBca, too npo- 

THBTb TaKHXB RpaftHHX'B 6*A<5TBift MH MOSeirB HpeAJIOHHTB JIHIHL HaJI- 

jdaTHBHHH cpe^cTBa, coBepmeHHO ho cboTBiTCTByrontfa Brain* 6*a- 
CTBiflin>> (Etudes II, dp. 355). Chcmohah npeAJiaraerB npe»Ae Bcero 
MipH, EOTopiiH MoryrB ao K&KOTopofl cxeneflH sa^epsaTB Oucipyi) 
KOHn;eHTpaD,iH3 KanziaiOBB h BiirfecHeHie mcjekhxi ^opM'B npoiuun- 
jeHflocTH. flra BToro offB peitoueHAyerB rocy^apcTBy npHBjieRaiB 
KpynHuxi KanHTaJiHCTOBi, nyreifB Harpa^B h THTyjioBi, k*b TaKHifB 

BaHflTiflMB, KOTOpiW H6 H&TOTb 0C066HH0 BUCOKHX'B AOXOAOBT*, HOOm- 

poTB pa3flpo6aeHie KpynnaxB HMymecTffB nyTeMt pa3A*aeHia Ha- 
citAOTBB MesAy coHacjriAHHRaifH; c»Aa-ae othochtch h paA* $HHaH- 

COBBIXt Mip-B, TaRSe HanpaBJeHflHXB Kb yMOHBHieHilD ROHneMpaitfH 

RannxaiOBB; o6b bthxi $HHaHCOBHXi> M*pax*B y HacB GyneTB p**B 

HH80. 

Chcmohah peROMOHAyerB sarfeffB pha*b m*pb, BXOAamax'B TenepB 
bb c<j>epy pa6oiaro saROHOAaieiBOTBa. Ohb HaxoAHTB HeodxoAHMHMi 
ycTaHOBHTB orpaHH^reme A*TCRaro TpyAa. ILiaTa, nwiy^aeMaa a*tbmh 

8a HX*B TpyA^, BT> A**CTBHTeJHBHOOTH H6 HpHHOOHTB HHRaROT HOJIB8H ' 

-pa6o^eMy ceMeficTBy: $a6pHRaHTH nojiBsyioTCH bthmb, ^roto HaoTOJiBRo- 
xe coRpaTHTB MaTy B8pocjrax , B pafio^HXi, ROTopaa paHBme 6iua ao- 
CTaio^Ha A^a npoRopiaeHifl Bctxi ^ieHOBX combh. «Bb caMOMi. pfyrh, 
pesyjiBTaTOMB ynoTpefiiema A*TCRaro TpyAa 6iuo He yBejinqeme ao- 
xoAa OiAHaro RJiacca, a jthhib yBeanqeme TpyAa, o6M*HHBaeMaro Ha 
Ty se oyMMy, t. e. yMeHBrneme noAemoft naaTH, Me»Ay t*^* KaRi 
i$Ha Bcero HaipoHaiBHaro TpyAa ocTaaacB npeacHefi. TaRHMB o6pa- 

30MX, 6e3B BCHROft BIirOAH A^ Hai^ifl, A*TH GtAHHROBl rameHH 6bUW 
6AHHCTB6HHarO yAOBOJLCTBifl OBOOft SH3HH, JIHDieHH 6iUH BO8M0SHO- 

cth Beoeio h cbo6oaho Hacja^HTLca rfjrB B03pacToirB f RorAa pa3BH- 
BaBTCH <|>H3flraecRiH h yMCTBeHHiia chjh». Chcmohah ho ^opMyjinpo- 
BaffB onpeA^JOHHO cboux'b Tpe6oBaHift OTHOCHTe-tbHO orpasAQHia a*t- 
ORaro TpyAa, ho mhcjwmh ero BOcnoJHB30BajHCB ero yTOHHRH, rpyn- 
nHpoBaBinieca BORpyrB cRevue mensuelle d'6conomie politique/, 

4* 



52 PFCCROE BOrATCJBO. 

* 

ranp., Villeiieuve, Bupa6oTaBmi3 npoeRTB othochtoibho afrrcRaro 
Tpy.ua Ha $a6pHKaxi». Ho BTEVB-se causirB coo6paseHiflM'B Chcmoh- 
jpi BiiosasiiBaeTCfl h sa Bocupememe BOCspecHaro Tpy#a. TaRB RaR*B 
pa6otie* o6hshob6Hho nojryiajorL jteqis to, *to h6o6xoahmo ^jui noa- 
AepxairiH hxb cymecTBOBaHia, to npn o6fl3aTe*BHOCTH BOCRpecHaro 
OTfftixa ohh 3a mecTHAHeBHEift Tpy^L nojryiarorB B33Harpasj8Hie, 
AOOTSTO^Hoe am oymecTBOBaHia bb TeqeHie oeun aneS. Eojih oriifc- 
hhtb 8TOTL BOOKpecHiiB otahxb, to Heo6xo^HMafl 8apa6oTHas raaTa 
otb 9Toro hhcrojbro He yBeJurareca; pa6o^HMB npn^eTCfl pa&rcaTB 
• 080 aha vb flem 6631 bchrhxb nepepHBOBB, h 3a 7 flHefi TpyAa OHH 
6yAjTL nojyqaTB croiBRo-se, crojibro paHBine coiyqaiH sa mecTE-. 

" AHOBHHfi Tpy^Tb BT> HeflfclK). <80QSp6CHElft OTflHXB— H6 T0IBR0 OBpeK- 

CKit o6paflB, 9T0 ho pejrario3HHft o6paflB, cymecrByttmift jhehb y 
OflHofi HaitfH, Karb oranjeHie hie acepTBonpHHomeme; 0totb 6iaro- 

fffcTeJIBKEtft SaKOHB OflHfcaROBO HOHOIHEeTCH UOCJr&AOBaTOSflMH pa3XE?- 

hhxb peterift: eBpeaiiH, MaroiieTaHaMS h xpncTiaHaMH. Otahxb stotb 
6hjtb opeAHHeaFB qeiOBiRy ho HcoroiffreibHO am toto, ito6h ohb MorB 
OT^aBaTBca mozhtb* h ^peiHriosiniMB o6pafl;airB, ho hash roro, tto6u 
OffB.Haciaa^aioa horooitb h yAOBOJBcraiaMH, tto6h BeceaBe, TaHHii, 
nime, cjobohb Bci (SaaropoAHHH yAOBOJBCTBia, cocTaBjraimjia no* 
tpo6hootb qeionfcRa, Bpera otb BpeiiesH 6hjih-6h AOorynHH TaRse 
pa(5y h pa6o?euy» (Nouv. Princ. I, crp. 384), 

ChCMOH#H BBI0Ra8HBa6TCfl flfiU^B, XOTH B*B HeCOB<r&MB OnpOfffcieH- 

hetcb BEipamemarL, bb no*Bsy Boonpemema qpesirtpHO ^xsoe^to 
pafowro m& h TpesMipHO hh3Koh sapa6oTflo& mara. tEfcraRB, 06a- 
saHHOCTB npaBHTOJBCTBa, RaR*B 3ain,E[THHKa HaceioHis, 3aKjroqaeTca bb 
toieb, qTo6u CTaBHTB nperp^H i*mb sepTBauB, ROToptra qejOBtKB 

UOSOTB 6HTB BHEyS^OHB HpHHOCHTB; OHO H6 ffOASHO AOUyCRaTB, ' x TT06hL 

patiomft noart roro, RaKB ohb pa6oTa*B 10 lacoBB bb ages, cona- 
maica Ha pa6oTy bt> 12, 14, 16 hjeh flaace bb 18 qaooBB; hjeh— nowi 
toto, KaKTb ohb paHBme ynorpe6juurB s^opoBjK) nnn^y, 8HB0T&y» h 
paoTHTeiBHyx), oraiB ^OBOiBCTBOBaTLca oyxnuB xjASomb, Rapro^e- 
aeirB hjih nyoTHMH maMH> (Nouv Princ. n, CTp. 238). 

Cb ooo6eHHoft noApo6HOCTL» Chcmohah ocTaHaBJnroaeTca Ha tIxb 
rapaHTiaxi), ROTopra hqjbkhh. 6litl npe^ocTaBieHH pa6oqHm>, ?to6h 
o6e3ireqHTB hxb Ha cjyqafi 6oi&3hh, Hecqacrift, cTapocra h 6espa6o- 
Tfflpi. 3^6cb ohb BH0Ka3HBaeTca npH6jH3HTejLH0 3a t6 caufiia Mips, 
ROTopsa ropasfto nosse noiyvuH bt» hIrotophzb crpaHaxB ocyn^e- 
CTBjeme bb bhji^ ofasaraiBHaro CTpaxoBama pa6oqaxT>: 3apa6oTHaa 
maTa, roBopHTB ofl, AOJURHa 6utb nocTaTO^Ha ,pa toto, tto6h hoa- 
AepsaTB paSoqaro ho toibro Tor^a, Ror^a y Hero octb pafiora, ho h 
Torga, Ror^a ohb jramaeTca saEurrift hjh bb tI ahh, Ror#a ohb noibsyeTca 
otabexohb; OHa AOJtSHfr TaRse o6e3neiHTb pa6o?aro na cjyqaft 
criapooTH h Ha aiyqaft 6oi*3hh (Nouv. Princ. I, CTp. 379). Ho ocih 
3apa6oTHaa njiaTa HeflOCTaTcuma ^aa Bcero btofo, to npnqHHoft aBiaeTca 
Hama o6m;ecTBeHHafl opraHasaipa, pasopBaBinaa cbhsb uempj npe^- 



COIpAJEbHO-BKOHOMOTECKIH B038PBHIH CHMOE^A flE-CHCMOHflH. * 53 
CTaBHTOlHMH Tpyfla H Co6cTB6HHOCTI>K) Ha 36MJD H KaHHTaJTL. OffL 

npeAJaraenb nodroicy, bomojkhtb Ha xoaaeB^ npoionnjeHHira npej- 
npiflTitt iasifl-se ofasaHHOCTH, Kasifl oh* paramo yEasHBara An 

BeueXBHHXB C06CTB6HHHR0B'B 9 T. 6. 06fl3aHH0CTB 8a60THTBCff CBOHX* 

^a6oiHTL bi> oxyrafe 6ojrb3Hn, cTapoore, Hecnaora h tiedpafornipi. 
IIpeAiipHflHMaTera aojxhh coe#HHHTBCH Kb EopnopaitfH, h xaswft 

ff3T>%HBXT> flOJKefl'B A&iaib HBBtCTHHe B8H0CH, H3X KOTOpHTb* COCTa- 

BHTca Racca rzsl OKaaaniH noMomn pa6o™irB B* yEasa&Him Bizme 
cjyqaaxi). Ecu npeAnpHHHMaTera 6yAyrB otasaHiz no^epaKHBaTB 
cbohxi pa6oiHX% bi cjyqai 6qi*3HH, cTapocra, Heo^acTifl h 6eapa6o- 

THipi, TO OHItCaMH, KJX2MTb ChCXOHAH, GjKJTb BaHHiepeCOBaHH Kb TOM*, , 

mto&b pa6onie nozyrara xopomee BOSHarpaamenie, ohh Cjaytb dorie 
8a6oTHT&cH o SAopoBoft $a6pH?HO& oCcraHOBKi, ne cxaHyrc> no/jBep- 

raTB CBOHX* pafolHX'B OJOanXOlTB HBHypHTeJBHOHy H npOAaX3KHT6J&- 

BOMy Tpyxy, ho craHyrL Tan nocninmo bboahtb hobbm MamgHH, a*- 
*ai>mia €HaiHinHHMH> pa6craiH pyra (Nouv. Princ. II, <np. 361 — 363). 
Chckohah He ospHBaerb ott» cefia, too ysaaaHHUH nips HeAocra- 
touhh, mo rrpn coBpeMeHHHxt ycaoBiax'B xo3h&cxb'b noioaeme pa6o- 
*aro Hmtor^a He HozerB 6htb npoOTiarL, ero 8apa<k>Tokb ne Mosen .. 
6im> rapaHTHpoBaHB. HsuiHeme xapaKTepa nponaBOACTBa bt> sasoft- 
*h6o npoBHHB.iH HoseTb oxHHTL sapadorovB y paftaujxb Apyroft npo- 
bhh^h; TaRHM'B o6pa80Mi, Ha npeAnpHHHMaTeaa nocii^Hei npoBHH- 

H1H, 6681r BCflKOft BHHK CB 61*0 CTOpOHN, naAOTB THTOCTB COAepSaHLfl 

ero paftraxi, MesAy ttirb bth HSM^Heflia bt> yoiOBiaxt npoHSBOA- 
craa MoryrB pasopHTB h cbmhxx npeAnpHHHMaTejeft, otb kotophtb 
pa6o*rie ppmHsi a^aTB homoiuh (Ibid. crp. 363). flpyroft n4poft, mo- 
rymeft ao HiKcropofl cTeneHH rapaHrapoBais pafioneicy 6oiie nporaoe 
cymecTBOBame, oBueTCH, no MHiHii) Chcmohah, ynaorie pa6o^Hx% n 
npnfisuui irpeAnpiHTiH. Owl noaroicy pesoMesAyerB rocy^apcTBy npe- 
AOcraBHTB HiKOTopfcia npemfyn^ecTBa, HaTeplaiBHUH h nojHTHieoKui, 
rbwb npeAnpHHHMaTejiHirB, KOTopue HaHHHaDTB pafioux* Ha 6orie 
npoAOJUKHTOABHtie cpoKH h npeflocTaBJifltt'TB mrB HftBOTopyn ppsn bt> 
hph6hih (Ibid. CTp. 366). 

IIpaEnroeoKafl nporpaima Ghohohw He orpaHHUBaeTCH nepera- 
cieHHHMH nipaira bi» dfiiaoTH caiBCKaro xosflScrBa h 06pa6aTUBa»- 
meft npoMiinueHHocTH; b*b yneHin o Haioraxi orb, hoxo6ho eoBpeneH- 

HHH'B HtMOiptHMX SKOHOMHCTaVB, npOAiaraOTB pflAl $HHaHCOBHX'b 

Mtpt, KOTopua TaKse aojckhh bocth K'L 6ojrfce paBHoicfipHOMy h cnpa- 
BeAiHBOMy pacnpe/jtiemD 6oraTQTBa. Hcxoah hsi Toro coo6paxeHiH, 
^ro Haiorn, ynxaviBaeiaie rpas^aHara, hbiadtoh BosHarpa^AemeirB 
3a to noKpoBHTejBCTBo, KaKoe rocyAapcTBO osa8HBaerB htb jh^ihocth 
h hxx co6ctb6Hhocth, ohi> cviTaeTL bhojuA onpaBeAUBHirB, tto6m 
KasAHft njaTHJTB cooTBtocTBeHHo rbwb BiiroAaMx, • KaKia om, Hsdce- 
xaerB hb'b otmecTBOHHaro cipoa, h rfcin> TpaTavB, sasifl o6mecTBO 
A^JiaeTB b*b ero HHTepecaxi. HoBTOMy, xoth oht> h npH3Haen> o6mlfi 
npHHn ( Hn'B > ^ro KasAHft nowBWb njiaTHTt Hajiorn nponopnioHajiBHO 



54 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

CBOGMJ ^OXOffJ, HO CHHTaeTB HeqfiXOflHMHirB pfl^'B OTCTymeHiH. 

«Bojn>nia£ nacTL ofimecrBeHHHXi pacxoflOBi, rpBopHTL Chcmoh^h, 
npe^Ha3HaqaeTca flia 3amHTH 6oraTaro npoTHBi 6i^Haro; ecM-6ti 
hxt> upe^ocraBHiH caiuurb oe6t, to fiorarae OEopo 6hih-6h paso- 
* pefibi otiHHMH. TaKHMt .ofipaaoiTB, Haiora, yuaniiBaeMHe 6oraTHMH 
aia noinepxamfl ctoib BHrojjHaro flia hhxt» nopoAKa, He toibko 

flOlBtHH OHTB HpOHOpijiOHaiBHH HXl COCTOHHUO, HO flaSCO ftOUKHH npe- 

BBunaTL btjt nponopipD rfirB 6ojrte, tto ropaaao cnpaBe^jHBte 6paTt 
ot7i imnmua 6oraTaro, h4itb h3*b csyAHUxi cpe^cTBt 6££HHKa... Eojll- 
niaa ^acrs o6dx6ctb6HHHX , b pa6on», fiojmnaa toctb bo6hhuxi> pacxo- 
Rowb e pacxo^oBi Ha npasocynie coBepmaioTca cEople paan 36MeiB- 
Hofi, qfjMi paflH ABHSHKoft oo6cTBeHHOCTH; 6hio-6h cnpaBeflMBO no- 
btomj, mo6u cb 8eraeBJiafl4jBijeBB B8HnaiH fiojiBinift Haion, *rtirB 
ci> jpjTHx-h rpaa^amb. ^axfce, xoth fiiflHiift TaRse noaiayeTca npe- 
HMymecTBaMH o6n^ecTB6HHaro cipoa, ho 6oraTiifi KamrraiHcrb, Kynen^b 
oh $a6pHsaHn» HOJtBsyioTCfl hmh bt» ropasflo CoiBmeft cTenena. Ohh 
eme fio.rfee, hosojih seiueBJK^iJiBmi, ocih bto bosmokho, B036ys- 
Aaron* aaBHOTB 64^HHKa, h npn aHapxin hxt» HiiymecrBO 6bho-6h mo* 
uenraniHq yHOTToawHo. ?to6h hsbjeoib Biiro^y h3t> cboetb KanflTa- 

JLOB'L, OHH EUGB CaMH, HJH ?6pe?B CBOHX*B Ciyaa^HXl* H AOMHHKOB'B, 

bwvtti nooTOHHHyD 6opb6y cb 6iAHHKaMH, pafioTaimjHMH Ha hexb; 
ohh ctebhtb hitb HpesBtroafiHO »e<rroKia, HHor^a fla»e npocTo 6e3- 
pasoyAHHa yciOBin. Ho wul dToro HeAocTaToiHO hxi co6ctb6hhux'b 

CHJ'b; OHH 3aHMCTByiOTB CMH J p6n^60TBa. IIpOMHfflJieHHOCTB, H3B KO- 
TOpOfl OHH ipHMO HJIH K0CB6HH0 H3BJeKaOTB BCi CBOH ^OXO^H, 86 

Moraa-fra cymecrBOBaTB, eoiH-611 npaBBTeiBCTBo, 3amHma»mee 6ojb- 
meK lacTUO ycTaHOBjreHHHft nopaAOR'B, He pastinpaa ^aae npaBi 
paannTHMx-B cropoHB, ho oKasHBaao 6h hoctohhho noMepsra Tony, 

KTO BJAjiftTB ^fclTB HH6y^B, HpOTHB* t4x1, KOTOpHO HH^ilTB HO BJia- 

AtKi'n>. TaKHifB o6pa30H*B, HaaorH, yniaiHBaeioie semeBJiaffi^i^wH, 
^ojix&m 6litb 6ojrte Heaera nponopi^OHaiBHU hxi aoxow, ^to6u 
B03nar[ia,inTB npaBHTeJttOTBO 3a pacxo^H, coBepmaeMue HCMireHTeJMO 
paju hiixx; Hajora-ae, ynjaHHBaeHue KanHTaucTaMH, Taxse aojuehh 
HpeBHmaTB 8Ty nponopnj©, TaEi KaKt ohh ^aace cbohitb cymecTBO- 
BanieMt o6H8ateH npaBHTejacTBy* *). 3th ijHTam hcho HOEasHBaDTB, 
qro Chchoh^h craTaji noffoxoflHQ-nponopipoHajBHHfl Haaorb He^oda- 

TO^BUMX; OHB HaXOAHJTB CHpaBejpHBHM'B C% 6oa4e KpyHHHX'B aoxo* 
AOBTi. KlIKI, 8eMJieBJ[aAtJIBI^eB'B, TaHl H KaHHTaJIHCTOB'B, B3HMaTB Hi' 

CKOJibKo uojiie, HiMi nponopiiioHajftHHft Haaorb. B*b btoitl oTHomeHin 

HtMCIJiiie 9KOHOMHCTH JIUH HeMHOrHMl AaiBIHG. Cpe^H paunHHTb 

irpaudji* otSioaseHifl Chcmoh^h BueTaBHJTB Tasace nprauo, hto Ta 
wen. ^oio^a, KOTopaa Heo6xoAHMa wh cymecTBOBaHia, ho AOi»Ha 
6utl ogjaraaMa HaaoraiiH. tTani KaKb HaaorB octb n^Ha, ynja^H- 
Baeiiaa rpaacflaHHHoin> sa nojyiaeHoe hmt» HaciaaA^Hie, to ero Hejnaa 



*J Nout. Princ. II. CTp. 155—157. 



COH^AJLHO-aKOHOMHqECKLI B033PMIH CHMOHflA flE-CHCMOHflH. 55 

TpeCoBaTB oTBToro, KT0H6 nojB3yeTca HEKasHMH Hacjaa^eHiaMff; Ha- 
jorL, criflOBaTeiBHO, HHKorfla He aojxeHB na^aTB Ha tj tocto ao- 
xo.ua, KOTOpaa Heo6xoflHM» #ia cymeoTBOBama maTeiBmHKa». (Nouv. 
Princ. 170). .HpyrHMH aroBaim, ohb npiraHaeTB h6o6xoahhootb oobo6o- 
ABTb otb ofoosemp TaKi> HasHBaeMuft Existenzminimum. 

Jlfl&e mh uixoahmb .y Chomqhah BecBMa HHTepeoHyH) naBy, 
nocBflB^eHHyD HaaorauB Ha noTpefiieaie. Ohb BBiCEa3BiBaexca npo- 

THBB 8THXB HaiOrOB'b H6 TOIBKO HOTOMy, HTO HXB B3HMaHi6 

conpaseHO cb (faxBmiiMK pacxoaaMH, TpefiyeTca 6o.iBniaa apMia ra- 

HOBHHKOBB H IipOH., HO T0JIBK0 IIOTOMy, TO) MH HHKOrfla BB TOIHOCTH 

He BHaeicB, Ha soro, bb kohh'6-kohi^ob'l, na^erL btotb HaaorB, ho 
raaBHHiTB ofipaaoMB HOTOMy, tto Haaorn bth naflaiorB npeHMynp- 
CTB6HH0 Ha <%AHHe Kiaccs HaceieHifl. <Ecih nepeinoiHTB bc4 rf 
tooth aoxofla tioraw, KOTopaa H36aBieHH otb Haiora, to mh yBHflHMB,. 
tito ohb e#Ba crb oAHOtt flecaToft obohxb pacxo^oBB yuaaBaen na- 
sorH Ha noTpe&reme. A no* Mipi Toro, i&kb mh cnycKaeMca kb 6ifl- 
hhmb siaccairB, Haaora Bee BOSBHinaDTea opaBKareaBHo ex AOxo,naMH; 
AOxoab se Han6oi4e CiflHaro uacca, Kaacca <|>a6pHTOHXB pafiosaxB, 

EOTOpilft TpaTHTCH U07TH HCKID^HTeJIBHO Ha CBtOTHHO UpMiaCH, HpH- 

BeaeHHHe bb ropofla, btotb aoxojqcb ijiraxoMB noflBeprHyTB otiiose- 
HiD. TaKHirB o6pasoMB, npeflaoaeme yHHTrosHTB bc4 npaMHO Ha- 
iorn h oofopaiB rocyaapcTBeHHHe floxo^H ahhib npn noMoma Haxo- 
rOBB Ha D0Tpe6jeme — npeaaoaeHie KpaftHe HecnpaBe^iHBoe h ho ry- 
MaHHoe; oho hotth paBHOCUBHO TOMy, htoCbi ocbo6oahtb 6oraTHX*B 

TfTB-M HO OTB BCtXB HaiOrOBB H B8HJiaTB HaiOrH TOIBKO OB ftlfl- 

hhxb*. Haiorn Ha nOTpefaeme aojkhh, no MH*Hii> Chcmohah, 6htb 
toibko AonoiHemevB kb npaMHMB naioraMB. Chcmoskh pfeso bos- 
CTaeTB npoTHBB HSH&CTHaro MHtHiH PaKapflo, yTBepamaBmaro, to> 

K0CB6HHK6 HaJOFH H6 BpeflHH ^Ifl pa6o?arO KiaCCa Ha TOMB OCHOBa- 

HiH, 6y^ro ohh boattb kb cooTBiTOTBOHHOMy noBumemD pa6oqeft 
Mara h TaKHirB otipasovB, bb kohi{£-kohii;obb, yiua^HBaDTca npeA- 

npHHHHaTeiflHH. 

IIocji* Bcero BnmecKa3aHHaro hcho, a jsjmn, HaoKomso Hecnpa- 
Be^JHBO MHiHie, 6y^ro y Chgmohah hoCiuo HiocaKOft noiosHTeiBHOft 
nporpaioai. Mh bh^Uh, ^to ohb npHSHBajri rocyaapoTBeHHoe bm*- 
maTejBCTBO Ufa. samaTH ciatiaro otb CHJLHaro, ^to6h bhogth bb ot- 
HomeHia Hes^y npeACTaBHTejuoca KamiTaia h Tpy^a 6oiBme oopa- 
BeffiHBocTH. Ohb yBasacb pa^t irfcpB bb oSjacTH oeiBCKaro xoaafi- 
CTBa h o6pa6aTHBaromeft npoiramieHHOCTH, KOTOpua ^ojxhh, ho ero 
MHimi), coAificTBOBaxB 6ojrte paBHOHftpHOMy pacnpeffiiemi) 6oraTOTB'B 
H XOTB OTiaCTH CMar^HTB Bpe^HHfl CTOpOHH KanHTaiHCTH^eoKaro xo- 

aaftcTBa; ohb BHCKasaiea bb nojroy obo6o^h pa6o^HXB oodsobb, bb 
noiBsy orpaHH^enia A^TCxaro Tpy^a, ycTaHOBjema ahe OTAUxa bb 
H6AiunD 9 peryjmpoBaHia sapatioTHofi njaTH h ajhhh pa6o^aro A&&; 

OFB npe^JIOSHJIB pa^B HipB, OCymeOTBJEeHHUXB HOAaBHO bb h6koto- 

Pkxb crpaHaXB, bb BHAi pa6o^aro cipaxoBaHia; Kpoarfc Toro, $EHaH?- 



56 PFCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

coBaa noiHTHKa, no ero rataix), Taicse Aojuraa 6htb HanpaBxena 
k'l CMBT^emx) HepaBHOMipHocTH kb ' pacnpexiiesiH 6oraTCTBt. Ofl 
noaroMj HaxoAHTB cnpaBeAMBHirB, tooGh ob 6orararo Haiora bbh- 

. xajicfl k& 6oju>ineft nponopnw, qim ex (Hanaro, ?to6h Existenz- 
minimum 6wn> 43bo6oa6h% on> oGioseHta, *to6h Haiora Ha norpe6- 
jieHie abjuhhcb jhhib AonoinemeirB kb 6ai4e cnpaBeAroiurB npt- 

* man, Bajioram. IIpaBAa, npeAaosenia Chckohah He soer^a $opny- 
jtepoBaBH tooto h oupefttaeHHO, ho b4ab He cxbjsj&rb aatiraaxB, to> 
okb HHcan fb nepBoft wBeprH XIX crorfcria, Kor.ua TpetioBaHie 
rocy^apcTBeHBaro BMimaTeiBCTBa cwraiocL qyrB-jra He epecBB. 

&L yqesui Chcmohah BasHH, oAHaiw, He ctojbko otaIibhhh, cne- 
EqajBHHH MtpH, BpeAaaraBmiaca hmt>, ckoxbko otiiqift Ayxt, xoropmrB 

DpOBBKBJTa BOB 610 CHCT6Ma. BODpeKH KiaCCHTOGEOl. fflKOlt, OffL 

BHABHraerB cb ocotieHHofi ciuofi HHiepecu pacnpeA&ieioji, a ho hh- 
TepecH npoHBBOACTBa. Repeal bc4 ero ipyAH npoxoAHTB hach, boc- 
npBHflTan botomi CwoapTOirB MiuueMi, wo o6mecTBeHHHe saisoHH 
He hocbtb Toro aficoJUDraaro xapasTepa, KaKHirB ouoraaDTca sasoHH 
ecTecTBeHHHe, tto cncreifa pacnpe^hieHin fioraTora* h Bootinte boh 

X03flftCTB6HHafl OpraHHBaiflfl CIOXHIHCB Bft 8HaqHTeJBH0ft GT6H6HH 

HOAB BjiameM-B qesoBixa, a botomj- touob&kb se b-l cocToaHiH htb 
HSMiHHTB. cOpraHHsai^H HejoBiqecKaro o6mecxBa, roBopgart okb, 
ecTB a**o HamnrB pyiCB (Forganisation de la sori6t6 humaine est 
notre ouvrage); hh Bcer^a fb cnzaxi octbhobbtb ea ^UtcxBie, ecm 
ona BpH^BHflerb 6cjn>nrifl cTpaAaHia, mh ho aojekbh cb bthitb npn- 
MBpflTBCfl h He HMiem npasa cBajiHBaTB oTBiiCTBeHHOCTB sa HaniH 
aMctbme Ha KaKofi-TO josbhII $aTaJH3M r b». Xoth Chcmohah h ho 
mofb oTpimHTBCfl otb qacTHO-xosflficTBeHHOft opramraaitfir nponsBOA* 
CTBa, ho ore h bt> BTOiit OTHomefliH BceTaEH ymeffB A&mne MHO- 

rHXl BHABHTB HpeACTaBHTexet COBpeMeHHOft HOTOpHHOCKOfi nnsoiH 

ioJumrcecKOft 8K0H0MiH. HHCTHTyTL HaeMHaro Tpy#a ohb He oraravB 

qAlft-TO HOCTOflHHHlflb H BfoHBOTB, KaKHlTB 6r0 (HHTattTB COBpeMeH- 
HH6 BKOHOMHCTH *). Owb KaTerOpHHeCKH 3aflBHJTB 9 . ^TO, HO 6IX) HH*- 

Hi», HaeiiHHi Tpy^t octb Taxoe se HCTopn^ecKoe h BpeneHHoe aBieme, 
KaKt pa6dB0 h xpinocTHH^ecrBO. <HamrB Bsopi, roBopnrB okb> TaBB 

npBBMKl> KT> COBpeMeHHoB 06meCTB6HH0fi 0prafcH3aHJH, K*B 8T0t BC6- 

o6mefl KOHKjppeHipH, ycraHafiJUHBanmet BpasAe6HHH oTHomemH xea^ffy 
KiaccoifB eoraiHX'B h Tpy^mefica Maccofi, wo hh hb MoaseirB oe6i 
npe/jcTaBHTL Apyroi $opnH cjmecTBOBaflia... Ho no^exy He Aony- 

CTBTB, ^TO MH OTKpoeiTB OGHOBHOfi nOpOKT> CHCTeMU HaOHHaTO Tpy^a 

TOTOO TaK-B se, Kara hh OTKpnjiH nopoKt pa6cTBa, jreoftaiHBHa h 
nexoBofl opraHH8ai^iH. Kor^a rocuoflCTBOBaiH bth Tpn cHcreMH, Tasse 
HejBBSH 6hjo ce6i npe^OTaBHTB, saKaa CHCieica hbhtgh hm-b Ha cniHy; 
HonpaBieme cymecTByumaro nopaAKa Tor^a Tasse aojxho 6buo xa- 



*) Brentano Ltijo, Die Arbeitergilden der Gegenw art 2 B M Leipzig, 1872 r., 
r«wa V. 



C0^AJLbH0-9K0H0^H<IBCKTfl: B033MHIH CHMOH^A ^E-CHCMOH^H. 57 
3aTLCtf B6B03M0XBHM'B H atfcypAHHMl. Be81> COXH$Hta, HaoraHerB 

BpeMfl, .Kor.ua Hama bhjkh CyAyrB raHTarb HacB BapBapaxs sa to, 
to> mh ocTaMaxn TpyAantfeca kjiscch (Sesi rapasrift, hoao6ho Toxy, 
KaiCB ohh tjjijrb CHBiaTB H Kara mh caxn traHTaera BapBapaxs 
' Bci ri Haijin, koTopua aobojih cboh TpyAflntfeca Kiaccn ao coctqh- 
Hia pa6ciBa». (Nouv. Princ. n, CTp. 434—435). 

Hami B3rjflA , B na snaieHie CraoHAa ao-Chcxohah mh xoserapesi)- 

MHpOBaTB Bl CliAyDHtfCKB 01038X1, KOHMH OAHffB HJUfOqKii 8KOH0XH0Tb 

oxapasTepircofiajTB Bee HanpaBjenie, poAojHrcraaKBHHKora KOToparo hbhxgs 
aBTopi> <Nouveaux Principes>. «9to HanpaBiefiie vb BHcmei ere* 
ceHH tohko pasoCpaio Bci t4 npoTHBopiraiH, sasifl oymecrByroTB bt> 
C0BpeH6HHHX , b yc*0Biaxi npoH3BO#CTBa. Oho pacKpaio' m^enipHHfl 
npnxpaniEBaHifl bkohomhctobi. Oho HeonpoBepsHHO AOKasaao pas- 
pymHTejLHoe BaiaHie xannmB s pas^JieHia Tpyaa, oho yxasaio Ha 
KomjeHTpaijix) KanHTajioBi s sexeiBHoft co6oraeHHoarH, Ha cyme- 
cTBOBame kphshcob* h Ha HensGisHyi) rBfiexL MexKarB peMecaeHHH- 
kofl h KpecTLABx, Ha &&ACTB6HH06 noxosenie npoxeTapiaTa, Ha 
aHapxtro npoH3BOACTBa, Ha Bonii>myi> nepaBHOMipHOCTB vb pacnpe- 

* A^ema 6oraxcTBa, Ha paspymHTexBHyiD npoiinnureHHyD Boftny paa- 
xothhx'b nanift Meayiy co6o», Ha paaioseme cTapuxt qmBora, crra- ' 
psora ceMeMHux'B ycToera h cTapsxi HaqtoHaiBHOcreft*. nprfaBHra 
ra BTOMy, qTO no BiKOTopHMt TeopeTHTOCKmrt B033piHiairB Chcmohah 
sBJiaeTca npeAinecTBeHHHKOH'B oaxHxt BHAaDityEXoa HOBiftnncxb bko- 
homhctob'l: BonoMHHifb ero B3raaAH Ha aoxoa* crb KanHTaxa, Ha 
BpHSHCB, ero KjaccH(J)HKau,i» HaitfoHaxBHaro AOXOAa h t. a. ^to se 
Baoaeroa ero npaKTHqecKExt npeAxoaeHii, ero nozoacffreiLHHX'L 
npoesTOBi, to vb btom'l oTHomeHin xiz c& hoihhx* npaBOin, xo- 
seirB cMOTpiTB Ha Hero, Kara na poAOHaiaxtraKa anraecxaro hxh 
coitfaxBHO-pe$opxaTopcKaro HanpaBxeBix, 

Eoxh Chcmohah OKaaaii Ha cbohxi coBpeMemHKora (MunnxoxB 
cjra6oe BXiaHie, ecxn Dpe^araBmiaca hmt> coitfaiBHsa pe$opxxz fee 
noiyroxH ocymecTBjeHia, to bto ofeacnaeTca rxaBHHra ofipasora 
Tin, hto owb 3HaqBTeju>H0 onepeAHJTB cboh) enoxy. Ofb nsoajTB bt> 
to BpeMa r Kor^a 6ypa^ya3ia npa8AH0Bajia cboS moaobhA Mican'i; owb 
paospiurB h3bh coBpeneHHaro eMj ofimecTBa, Kor.ua iDjacsaa peBo- 
jrioiqH OKOH^aieJBHo uepe^ajia BjiacTB h MorymecTBO vb pyrai 6ypay- 
a3in. IIoHflTHO, tto npn TaKHXi ycxoBiax'b roJiocB ^eiOBiKa, Tpe6o- 
Baemaro coigaiBHHXi (e^opifB, Roxxewh 6hh> ocTaBaTBca rjacoin> 
BOBinn^aro vb nycrafli. Ho Bi,p» mh 3HaeMB, ^ro h hotomotbo 

» OTnecjocL kx neMy HeMHornMi, jy^me. d^o o6xaoHaeTca, 6htb moscotb, 
t4mt>, tjto Chcmohah HBifleTca, Kara mh yse csasajui Binne, nHoa- 
TejeMB nepexonHofl acoxn: xoth ob-b h xejaert KpynHHX'B HBMiHe- 
Hit, owb tim. He Menie ho moxotb bhoxh^ OTptnmr&cfl otb crapa- 
ro. YMipeHHHM'B jiDAflxx owb sasajca noaTOxy oihihsokb paAHKajB- 
bhmi,, a Ha bbitoai npoACTaBHTejuefi 6ojie KpaftHHXK HanpaBiemft 

* OWb 6UA1> CJHUIKOM'B yMipeHHHMt. 



58 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

HciL8£ BceTaKH AyuaTB, tto haoe Chcmohot nponura coBepmeHHo 
6aacjt^o, hto oh* nponajH aapoirB. Owl js,sjlt> tomcri k*b o6paso- 
BarnH) nreara 8sohomhgtob , b, rpynrapoBaBinHxca BOspyrB «Revue men- 
tuelle <T6conomie politiquo h paaBHBaBiiiHX'B 6oji4e noflpoCHo H onpe- 
ffknerao t6 npasxH^ecKifl TpetioBaHifl, KOTopm BHOKasaHii 6hm 7 
CncMOBRH iHmB b*b o6meft $opMi. Kpoirt Toro, ero o6mia conjaiBHNa 
n TeopemecRia B033p4Hia OKasain cHJiBHoe BJmraie Ha Taraxi bha- 
EHxt bkdhoiihctob'b, Kara TojracoHi, MfliiB, Po^depTycb h flpyrie. 
■ *tr QHcaTejH nepepa6oTajni ero h^oe, ho Bcer^a onpe^bieHHHfl h 
achhh, a no^iacB npooTO oChb^hbhh, b*l arpofiHyx) h n^ibHyio caoTeMy. 

BaxHoft saoiyrofi Chchohah ooTaHeTca flaiie h to, To) ofb hb- 

lfl6TCS O^HHITB HB'L nepBHXT, 8R0H0MHCT0FB, COfltftCTBOBaBinBX'B TOMy 
c6j[B3S6HiD HCTOpiH CI HOMTH^eCKOft dSOHOMiefi, KOTOpOO ORaSSUIO CTOJB 

1 Mar TBopHoe BJdaHie 1a tj h jipyryro ahch;hmhhh. B-b oSJiaoiH ho 
TopiH, pafloro <n> EsyneHieirB naiiHTHiKOBi HCKyocTBa, jnrrepaTypH, 
npafia h npo^., <rra*o Bee 6osbme s 6oiBme BiiflBHraTBca Ha nepBHfi 
u.iaat H3y^eme xoaHflcTBeHHHxt HBJLemfi. Bt oSiacTH noaHTiraecKoft 
'JK'-'HomIh CTaiH HrpaiB boo 6diBmyi> h 6dJn»myi) po*B npoBipKa h 

OCB'tmOHie AWKTHBHHX'B BHBOffOBt HyTOMft HCTOpOTeCKHXl H3CJ&A0- 

BaHiri h BOoOme Hsy^eHie HOTOpin xosflttcTBa. Chcmohah aBJiaeTca 

O^H0Bp6M6HH0 H HCTOpHKOMt, H TaiaHMHBHlTB SKOHOMHCTOITB, Vb BTO 

MRV& ocyn^ecTBMOOB cfijiHseme HCTopin cb nojumwecKoft BKOHOirieH). 

E. 3<J>pycM. 



* 

Koraa bx nycTUHl pacKsmeHHoft 
Th coBepmaeniB ipyAHuft nyiB 
H crpacmo aaameniB, yroiaeHHHft, 

XOTB HS MTHOBeHBO OTflOXHyTB; 

Kor^a BOKpyra 1062 CBepnaerB 

HeyiCOJIHMO SHOftHRft fleHB,— 
IIopOK) B80p*B TBOft pasjunaeTi 
^BOpipi, $OHTaHBI, pomH rflHB, 

H th, saforaB 061 yroMJieHLH, 
HaeniB, 6iatHmL ly^a CRopM, 
Th npej^Kymaemt HacMKjeHBe 

Bt TlHH TaHHCTB6HHUXl BilBOft... 

He Tpan> cjiatffaomia cmh, 
Tju bhobb nycTHHeft OKpyaseffB, 
H Bee, ito xaRi Te6a narfcHMO, 

JlHmB TOJBKO 6p8ffL, JIHinB TOJIBKO COHB. 

Hsu BnepeffB, Meqioio aauiBot 
CBoeft Aynra He coftnasHJift 
H, nyTB CBepmaa TepnijiHBO, 
Bi> o6iTOBaHHHfl BCTynnmB spafl. 

Allegro. 



Bt> joprb noejit^Hflro KHpra3CKaro 
ijapeBHraa*). 

(Hra no^B^KH kb KoR^eTaBOsifi yfoffB). • 



EABa-M ^HTaTejEL SHaerB, iytfi 8to KoKraraBCKift yfe^B. He mho- 
i li m ir flcflie flia Hero cTanerB, ecJM cxasaTB, too bto b* Akmo- 
iPHCKofi ofiiacTH, h pasBt Kor^a HasoBeniB RHprHaosyi) creiEb, to 

uH'b jpaSyiriieTL, Bl SOTOpyi) CTOpOHJ HySHO BBlfiTH H31 BOpOTB, 

Bairpaso mh hjui4bo, *to6h nonaciB bi btotb ytoffb, h y Hero no* 
a batch HtaoTopua npe^craBJieHia o nefiaaa* e o jnoflfflCL aroft m*ct- 
bocth. Ho tjtb BH^erB eme xyxe, nOTOMy too 8TH npeflCTaBaeHia 
coBctart He 6ynyrb b*phh ffti0TBHTejn»H0CTH. KnprHSCKaa cTemJ 8fla- 
■mtti 8to too-to raocKoe, MOHOTOHHoe, cipoe, OKymoe, Gera rojryCHXL 
so^t h (Seai aejeHaro noKpoBa seHHOtt noBepxHOcrn, bto Kpaft, rfli 
aa^uxaioTca otb mira, CTpjyiaBrB otb xasftH h yTOionrb ee rot 
sacToasniBxca KoaoAeaeB, — ciobom'b, too-to vb poflftCaxapBiHmroeH, 
Ha caMOMi ate jsjksk bto spafi <tb bhcokhmh ji4chcthmh ropam, ct 
ropHHMH piraaMH n MHoaecTBOMt 6oja»mnxi> nptcmm osep'B, no- 
EpuTidf cochobhmh 6opaMH, 6epe30BHMH jricauH h jryroBHMH ore- 
ejimh, — MOBOMt, Kpafi fiaaro^THHft h oiero 6oraxHft shbouhcheimh 
yroJiKaMH. 

DpH o6niHpHocTH Hamero oTenecxBa, BipoflTHO, He Maao Taraxi 



*) HacToamaa cTaim ecTB paecBara o ahjixtb, npoBeaeHHbiTB mhoh> b% 
iopt-b EHprHBcuaro cyjrraHa ^HHTHca BaxieBiraa BamoaHOBa. CyaraHi 1 Lzhthoi 
cuht> nocjri&ABflro KHpniBCKaro zaHa Bum, no?exy a h Hassan ero vb saro- 
jiobk-b ctstbh SHprH8CBHM% HapeBH?eM , B. y xaHa Baira 6bmo kb* aem; ora 
cTspmef seHU tibial cbihb ratiaftiyua v Apyr.; y Mxaxmeft, xaHBnm Ahxahbim*l 
CTapniifi cHHt HaBUBaxca TIhhthcb; y Hero to aba opaTa: Hene h Aj n»fl« a g B. 
IlGcaft ciiepTH BaaH - zaHa KHpmsH oG-babejih xaHOWB raCaftiymiy, ho coxpa- 
ii r i lie xaHCBOft BxacTH b% opafc He bxoxjuio Vb pascveTH pyccsaro npaBHTeib- 
ctb&; ratiaftxyjuia 6nun> apecioBaHi h oTBeseH'b b% ccuxicy b% BepeeoBi; Tasi 
k ns^jajiaeb xaHCxaa MacTB vb opjs/b. Bpaits ^Lrarnca, ^ene h Amffgagb, yuepxn; 
ecjiH hb% x&reft Mia^meft xaHLnm octoich TenepB tojibbo oxhhi» ^ihthcb, to 

O <ie EL B-BpOflTHO, VTO HBl A*T6ft CTapHtefl XaBUHH HHXOrO H6 OCTaSOOB, TaBl 

mo uht> bcibxi cHHOBeft nocji-B^Haro xasa Bass b% shbhx-b TenepB, Bfepoarao, 

O^HH'b TOJIBBO CyiTftHTb ^HHTECB, H VU AyMaeVB, VTO MH HMfceiTb HOIHOe HpaBO 
BOJHiTQTb CyXTaHa T lHHTHCa <nOCJTBflHHM'B> KHprH8CKHMl) XaHOBH^eMlr HIH Ija- 
p PBHqnM'&. 



BB H>PTfc HOCMflHHTO KHPrH3CKArO I^PEBMA. 61 

yrojocoPB, ROTopue Haio h8b4othh, xoTa 6a saaiysHBajiH 6ojBmeft 
nonyiflpHOCTH. KoR?eraBosi& se fh3jp> rkm (kwrie BnpaBfc paacnnH- 
BaTB Ha o6n^ecTB6flHoe BHBuame, ^rro bt> Hero TeirepB ycTpemaeTCH 
CHJLHoe ABHateme nepeceieHneB*. 

Oahfb HayroHtt y3K0-cnenjaiBHHft bo&pocb npraerB xoh& HponuoarB 
jAtoitb sb 8T0TB xopomeHBRift yrojoKB* flo ropoAa HeTpottaBjoBCKa, 
lesamaro Ha cfoepHOfi rparaitfi KoneraBCKaro y*3Aa, ^oxoahttb se- 
jfeHaa Aoporaf otb IleTpona&aOBCEa ao ropoAa KoK^eTaBa npnxo- 
Abtgh fccaTB he mmoBHXB. Hoc** wrapexAHeBHaro 3aT0^ema bt, 
Baroffb, Mejudfl HeyAotfcrea i&Ka Ha nepeiuaAHBCCB kb oirphtoitb 
sKHnasfe, to octb vb npocToS TeiesKi, nepeHOCHmB cb yAOBOJfcciBieirB 

H BX OXOTEy. 

H&cb 6oxfce y^ajaeniBca Ha dhb otb neTponaBioBesa, t4mt> pise 
OTaHOBflxofl 6epe30Biie ckoikh*, t. e. fiepesoBna pomn; b;b1ithcthI 
jyroBoft KOBepB hiiihmcrhx'b creneft, oRpysattmiccB HeTponaBJOBCKx, 
cirftHaercg BOJHyDnpflrcff HopeirB KOBiueft; bm4cto «TOnapoBB>, qame- 
o6pa3HHX , B yrayfaeHift bb nora& cb ratfynnrB 6ojotomt, b*b cepeAHfffc, 
noHBiflDiea cojompa. Cioboitb, HmaMCKaa OTenB nepexoxHTB b-b Knp- 
rHBCKyio, KOTopaa Ha orAaaeHHOft bshoS cioei OKpaaH* npeBpanjaeTca: 
kb 6e8ni0AHyD nycrHHD, H3B4oTHy© y Kiipm* ho^b HasBanieirB 
npoKJurrofi crenH (BeAn&K , B-Aai&)> a y pyocKHTB hoab # HHeneirB To- 
jioahoS. IlepexoAB btotb 6bijtb-6h HenpepHBeffB, ecjra-fo bt» 200 
Beporax'B kb Dry otb nerponaBioBOsa ho 6wlo rop*, KOTopiia xyrb 
npoxoAflTB cb 8ana.ua Ha bogtokb h nepeciKaiDTB Hamy Aopory. y 
oiBepHofi noAomBH Brora rop-B crenB craHOBHTca yse raimecKK 
6e3j*cHo©, HacTosmeK) sHprHSCEOD, ho TyrB BApyn BMftcri cb ropaMH 

OHMTB nOflBJUDDTQfl 6ep680BH6 KOJEKH H, ?erO H*T* JSflMO OKOJIO IlefpO- 

naBiOBOEa, oocHOBire 6ops Ha ropaxi, a MesAy ropaMH, biActo co- 
.. 20H^asos , B > pa3CTHJiai)Tca npbcHfiiH osepa h crpyaToa ropHHM piraH. 
Otb nerponaBiOBCRa bmotb #o KoNeraBa — pascroaHie kb cto 
oeuBAecoTB BepcTB— Aopora raaAKaa, poBHaa, ho CTaBapn sa ab* a<> 
KoR^eraBa crspuBaeTOH bhai Ha KOKieTaBORift KaBKasi; bccb b>shuS 
ropHSOHTB npeACTaBJueTGH B3B0iH0BaHHUirB; npaMO Ha dtb 'bhahh 

MOCKia B08B£OHeHH0CTH HJH XOJMH, HO HaitBO H HdHpaBO OTTb HHXt 
BHAHH CHH1H ropH CB RpyTHHH HpO^HWMH, O^OBHAHO CKaiHCTIM. IIpH 

noAomBfc HeBtiooKHXT* xojmob'b, KOTopse bhahu npaMO bt> kohu^ ao- 
porH, h pacnoJioseHB He6ojBinoa ropoAOKi KoCTeTaB'B, EHpnraeKi& 
€BiaAHKaBKa3i>»; hoao6ho KaBKasoROHy, btotb BHprnscKift «BjiaAn- 
KaBKaBT>> jiexHTB Ha mockocth, ho ropa HauHaeTOH ceihacB se 3a 
ropoAOiTB, h ropoAOKOfi caAb HaxoAHTca yse Ha ropt. 

KoKieraB'B eABa-JH hm^otb 6ojrbe AByxi thcotb sHTeieft; boob 
AepeBHHHKcft, hh* oahoS BHAanmeftcfl nooTpofiKH, A^i i^epKBH h ab* 
mo^cth; h3*b dxoro yse bhaho, hto noJiOBHHa Haceiemfl cogtohtb hs'b 
HycyatnaHt; He^texn spaoHBie n;epKBe8; ecTBiaBOHHue pflA^, bte> ko- 
TopurB Topry»TB npeHMymeoTBeHHO TaTapa. TopoA* COCTOHTB 03^ 
AByx*B ^acreft: h3t> Mtn^aHCKofi ciodo^n h Kaaa^LeS craHHH^i. HffreJi- 






62 P7GGR0E BOrATCTBO. 

XHrerajH bt> ropofli rjaBHinrB o6pa30MT» coctohtb m% Rasaiaiixv 
o$Hn,epoB^. Tjtb ogtb Rasamfi Kny6B, Kasa^ui (eflHHCTBeHHaa) ofime- 
CTBeHHafl fiadrioTeEa; eflHHCTBeHHaa bt» ropofli mRoaa fljra flteowB, 
bb KOTopofi yrarca h irfcmaHCRia flfcrH, Tose sasaua. 

3a4cb npes^e Boero a nosHaROMMca. cb Rasa^iBHirB hojlrobhhromb 
H. A. Chmohobhitb, o ROTopomb a cjunnan eme wb HerponaBJiocKi 
(mh4 peKOMeHAOBaiH oflpaiHTBca k% HeMy sa coBiTaMH). ^Mctbh- 
TeJEbHd, a BCTpiTnjn» bi .hom* r. CflMOHOBa caMHft Tenjmfi npieirt; r. 
Chmohob-b HanpaBHix mbha r-b noHomHHKj ytaflHaro HaqaiBHHRa r. 
Aejaaapn; caMoro HaiaiBHHRa b*b 8to BpeMa bt> RoK^eiaBt He 6hjk>; 
ohb yixajTt b*b oraycKx bt> Poccin. T. ^eaasapH 6iutb ko Mfffc oiohb 
joo6e36Hi h ORasajra mh4 Tarn ycjiyrn, 603* KOTopHXt Moa j&xb- 
nMmaa nofeflita He 6Hia 6h yaaraa. KoHeraoft h,4ib3d ea 6hib 
ayjrB BaraxaHOBHX'B; bto RnprcracRaa ceMBH, cb kotopoS a 6hjtb #aBHo 

SHaKOMt; CB O^HHM'B HS* 6paTB6Bl> BaJtHXaHOBBEXB, HORaHOlTB, flaBHO 

yse yMepmnici, mh 6hm raROJiBHue TOBapmnH; BnocaiflCTBiH a BCTpt- 
raica Tasse a cb flpyrHMH 6paTBaxH a cb hx*b onjoifB. Mot maai 
Ha ji4to 6wb TaKofl — saixaTB b*b ayjrB BaiaxaHOBtixi, nocejpiTBca 
Vb HeirB, ecja MeHfl npBityTB, h padoiaTB. Ho a HHRor.ua He nepe- 

HHCHBaJICa CB BaJIBXaHOBHMH H #aS6 HO SHaJTB, JRHBB jih cyjTaHB *) 

Hhhihcb, OTei^B ^ORaHa. 

H 3HaiTB, TTO SHHOBRd BaiHXaHOBHXB HaXOflHTCH Wb ypOSffllji 

CepeM6eTB, ho TenepB jt6to, ayjrB BaraxaHOBHX*B OTRo^eBarB Ha it- 
TOBRy, cai^oBaTeJBHO, B'B CepeMfiera HCRaTB ero Heiero; HysHO 6mo 
b*b KoR^eTaB* ysHaiB, r#fe HaxoflHTca jrlTOBRa BasHxaHOBBDCB; fla h 
o caMOirB CepeiffieTH a He 3Han y bb RaROjTB pa3CToamH oho &&miT> 
otb KoRqeTasa. 

r. JJeaasapn flajrB iih* bb hpobo^hhrh o#Horo R$b «noiTOBoftnie», 
ROTopue coctohtb Ha cjLjiR&k uftt yi8AH0irB nojiHn.eftcRoic'B ynpaBJie- 
HiH. T&Kb HasuBaDTca nojtHi^eficRie pa3C£UBHue nwb RHpras'B. 8to 
o6urhob6hho 6o&Rie, pacToponHHe ih>^h, ooe^HHaDmie sHaaie roto- 
bhxii o6u^aeBi ex SHameiii pyecnaro aauRa, HesairbHHiaie jim 

pyCCRHX'B qHHOBHHROB'B BO BpeMfl HXl paS'BtdAOB'B HO CT60H. ^aHHilfi 

mb* «no^TOBoftffle» hoohjtb hmh HafiifaHi; ohb hotoitb, wb a^xbhU- 
meft Ham eft nofeflRi, oRasaica Heoi^tHeHHuifB TOBapameirB. 

Eme ao Moero BHaROMCTBa cb HafiMaHOifB a otb noro-TO nojy- 
wn npiaTHoe HSBicrie, tto cyiravB ^hhthcb shbb. B<urii/rB sa Tkwb 
Ha&MaHB wb totb se caMufi aohb, Kun> mh cb hhmt> no3HaKOMaoicB, 
npHBejrB b*b mod RBapTHpy poACTBeHHHROB'B cyjrraHa ^HHTHCa, no »a- 

RH1TB-T0 A^aiTB HpitxaBfflHX'B BB ROR^eTaBl. OHH COOfilUHlH, ^TO 

^HHrncB ctohtb no^ ropofi ToxTy, b-b 30 BepcTaxi otb Raaauaro 
cejieHia BafiHRa. HpiixaBmle poactbghhhrh B&raxaHOBa peROMeHAO- 



*) CyjrraHaMH y saprssB HasuBaiOTCfl hotomeuh zaHOBi; obh coct&buk>t"b 
Bucnzee cocaoBie RHprHacsaro Hapo^a, KOTopoe HasuBaeTca <6&iok> roctbco* 
bb OTjunde otb «qepHOfl kocth> ? t. e. otb npocTOHapoxBa. 



BT> K)PTB HOCJI^HflrO KBPril3CKArO ipPEBHTA.v 63 

• 

BajHMfft nposHTB HicKOibKO juaniHHX'B flHeft bi KoRwraBi, hto6u 
,n;aTB hitb BpeHfl, cnpaBHB'B cboh ataa, yixaTB BnepeffB h onoBtcTHTb 
cyjrraHa ^HHrnca; HaifB (5h h3te> ayia BNCJiara b-l Ba6uKB TapaniacB 
h joina^efi. Ho BpeMeHH n'Tasi 6iuo noTepflHo MHoro; coraacHTBca 
6bmo HeiBSfl, h mi Ha apyrofi ^chl BHixaan h3t> KoRwraBa no ao- 
por£ bt> Ba6ssi. Co mhoA ixajrB TaR»e ctjaohtb neiepdyprcRaro 
yHHBepcareTa KHprH3csiM cyjrraffB CyjTaffB-rasHffB, EOToparo a. npn- 
raacKTB conyTCTBOBaTL imi bt> Ea^ecTBt nepeBo^HKa, bctp£thbbihcb 
cb ram eme no aoport bi> HeTponaBioBCKi,; HataaHB cha^jtb y 

H&CB Ha K03JaX'L. * 

no Bcefi flopori ao Ba6uKa HasrB nonaflamcB pyccRia cejiema, TaRB 
tito B63A^ mh tiara wb TOJiesRi Ha cm*hhhx'l jfomaAflxt; sriurraMH 
oTaHiUH 6hm ho 6ojie 15 BeporL. Bcero b* KoRTOraBCRoifB OKpyrfc 
Hac^HTUBaeTGfl ao copoKa pjccrhxi ceaemlt; toctbd bto sa3a^BH oi»- 

HHUH, ^aCTBI) KpeCTBflHCBifl flepeBHH. TOJBKO HOpBafl CTaBH^I OTB 
KOEHBTaBa CTOHTB OflHHORO CpeflH TdEOft «6 HyCTHHH, RaRB H Ta, 

EOTOpaa ospysaerB ropo#B KoRraraBT.; ho HenpHrraflHHH ospecT- 
hocth 8Toro ropoaa ho Aurora HHRaRoro upeACTaBJieflifl o shbohhchhx'b 

KapTHHaX'L, SOTOp&Ifl OTEpUBaiDTGfl B*B My6HH* Epafl, XOTfl cxeMaTH- 

qecKia qepTH MicTHaro neflsaata h sa4cb y*e octb: ropa, npn no- 
AomBi ropu osepo, Ha 6epery osepa ceaenie — botb cxeua Bcix* 

32T&IIIHHX , B, HaHfoxfce SHBOIIHCHHX'B MiCTeqOE'B. 9T0 BC6 6CTB y TO- 

poAa KoK^eiaBa, ho tojibro t4 ab4 ropymRH, KOTopua TopiarB hj^b 

OSOpOlTB, CJIflfflKOMt HHTTOffiHH, HT06H OCJiafiHTB MOHOTOHHHt XapaE- 

Tept npraeraromeft naocRoft CTenn; Monte, *4irB bt> qacB xoab6bi, 
MOJKHO 6htb Ha oaiioft BHcmefi HXfc to*ir4; oh* mocrh, Ha hhxb 

HiTB HHEaKHX'B CEaJTHCTKTX'B BHOiynOB'B H, KpOW* TOIK), OH* COBOp- 

meHHo rojiH, 6e3jrtcBH, Kasi 6e3Ji4cHa h hioceoctb, OEpysann^ui 
co Bcixi cTopofft OoABmoe sos^exaBCEoe o3epo. Cjioboitb, OKpecT- 

HOCTH KOKIOTaBa H6 RbtoTb HHEaEOrO Havesa Ha EpaCOTU, EOTOpLW 

cspBTBaDToa sa bthmh nposanqecEHMH npeAropBHMH. 

CeJiepiH, KOiopua mh bha^jh Ha Aoporfe, ^ejKap'b, flHrncxaB'B, 
AHpTaBi> — bc4 pacnoAOseHH bx shbohhchhx'b m^cthocthx'b; Kaayioe 
jrestHTB Ha 6epery osepa, Ha^B eotopbiitb nenpeu^HHO ci> OAHOft cto- 
POhh spyro noAHHMa»rca CKajracThia ropu, nospimifl rycTUirB cooho- 
buitb aicoMt. IIpoMeatyTOiHwa MeacAy ropaun, opaBHHTaiBHO 6oite 
HJtocKifl npocrpaHCTBa nospuTEi 6ojiie joe uewbe rycTUMH 6epeao- 
bhmh pon^aiiH, a npoMe&yntH Mes^y pomaMH noRpsxu bucosoS 
no koji4ho 'ayroBoft TpaBofl; iH)u;epHa HHor^a saiHBaerB i^iuh jie- 

CflTHHH CBOHM'L SOXTHITB H^iTOMI). B*B TOpaXl TpaBH 6^6 B£Qne; 
HtROTOpUfl CBOeft BHOOTOft HO^TH B*B pOCTB qOJIOB*Ka HanOMHHaDTB 

MorymecTBOHHyK) pacTHT6jn»H0CTB AiTaa. He My^peHo, ^to bb btotl 
yroiOKB ycTpeMHJiacB Bona nepecejieHi^eB'B. TaKia sHBonncHiifl irbcTa 
THHyTca Ha cto BepcTB kx 3anaAy on KoKqeTaBa h na cto BepcTB 
kb BociOEy. Ooo6ohho KpacHBH, no o6n^eMy OTSHBy, Micia rb BocTOKy 



62 PyCGKOB EOrATCTBO. 

raremjiH fl ropoji MaBHinrB o6pa30Mi» coctoftb hbi RasasBHXi 
o$Hs;epoB r b. Tyn eoiB Rasauft Riy6B, Kaaa^Bfl (eaHHCTBeHHaa) o6me- 

CTB6HHafl 6H6jQOT6Ka; e^HHCTBGHHafl Vb rOpOA* HIEOJia flIH tfkBOTORB, 

bt> KOTopofl yqaroa a MinjaHCRia AfeH, Tose RaaaiBa. 

3a4cb npes^e Bcero a noaHaROMMca. ci> RasaiBHKB uojkobhesoitb 
H. A. Chmohobbqtl, o ROTopoirB a ciumaJTb eme fl HerponaBJiocRi 
(mh4 peEOMeHAOBain oflpaiHTBea Kt Hexy sa coBiTaMH). ^Mctbh- 
TejLHd, a BCTpiTnjn» bt> aom4 r. CflMOHOBa caMHft Teniiifi npieM^; r, 
Chhohob'b HanpaBBn MeHa Kb noHomEHKj ytaAHaro HaqaiBHrnca r. 
Aejaaaps; caMoro aaiaiBHHRa Bt sto BpeMa bi KoR^eTaBi He 6mo; 
ohb yixajTB bt, oraycKt b'l Poccijo. r. J^eiasapa 6lwb ko mh& o?ohb 
joo6e3eHi> h oKasan mh* Tania ycjyra, 6631 soTopux'B Moa a^jib- 
Hiftmaa noisxsa He 6ma 6h yaaiHa. KoHeraoft h,4ibi> ea 6htb 
ayn> BajraxaaoBBixt; aro RHprascRaa ceMta, cl KOTopott a 6hjtb Aasao 

SHaKOMi; 01 OABlHM'L H3t 6paTB6Bl> BaJHXaHOBHXl,, ^OKaHOMT*, a^bho 

yse yMepmnirB, mh 6hm uiROJrBHBie TOBapamn; BnooiiflOTBiH a BCTpt- 
qaica TaKse h ct flpyrmfH CpaTtaira h cb Hxtom.OM'L. Mofi niaKB 
Ha jrfcTO 6hjtb Tasoft — aaixaTB Bt ayra BaraxaHOBimb, nocejanBca 
B'L hom-b, ecjiH MeHa npHMyrB, a pa6oiaTB. Ho a HHRorAa ae nepe- 
necHBajca ct» BajraxaHOBHMH h jpse He BHajrB, shbb *h cyjiairB *) 
HaHrHCB, OTei^L ^OKaaa. 

H 3H8JTB, TO) BHHOBKa BaJBXaBOBHX'L HaXOflHTCH B'L ypOTOmt 

CepeMfieiB, ho leneps jAto, ayjB BamxaHOBuxB oTKOTOBara Ha ai- 
TOBRy, cj^AOBaTeiLHO, Bt Cepeif6eTH HCRaTB ero Hewo; Hyjrao 6mo 
bb KoK^eTaBi ysHaTB, r^t HaxoflHTca jrfcroBRa BainxaHOBHXB; #a h 
o caMOMt Gepeii6eTH a He 3Hajn>, bb RaROM* paacroaHia oho jtesni'B 
on, KoRqerasa. 

T. ^eiasapa flaiB mh4 Bt hpoboahhrh OAHoro im> tnoiroBoftnie*, 
KOTopue cocToaTL Ha cayafit nptf yisAHOirB nojomeftcROM'B ynpaBie- 
Hia. T*ri Ha3HBa»Tca noMijeftcBie pa3CHiBHHe Effb Kapra3i>. 3to 
o6urhob6hho 6o&Rie, pacroponHue jik>ah, ooeAaaaroni.ie saaaie R0?e- 
bhx-l o6inaeB f b ex 8HaHieirB pyconaro asHRa, HesantHHioie jyia. 

pyCCRHXli qHHOBHHROB'B BO BpeMa aXt pa3T>t3A0BT» HO CT6HH. ^aHHIlfi 
MHi «HO^TOBOftnie» HOCHJTL HMH HafiMaHT»; OFL HOTOMt, Vb A^UDbHttt- 

meft naniefi nofeARt, oRasaioa Heo^HeHHHMi> TOBapHn^em*. 

Em;e ao Moero 3HaR0MCTBa cb HafticaHOicx a on Koro-TO nojiy- 
^hjtl npiaTHoe HSBicrie, tto cjm&wb ^hhthci shbb. Boiix^ 3a r ^ M ' L 
HafiHaHi vb totl se cavufi aohb, Rani mh cb hhjtb noaaaKOMaiacL, 
npaBejTL b*b hod KBapTapy poACTBeHHHROB'B cyjraaa ^nraca, no Ra- 
rhmx-to A^aMx npitxaBmax-B vb RoR^eTaBB. Ohh coo6iiihjih, too 
^laaracB ctohtb tlojsj> ropoft ToxTy, bi 30 BepcTaxi otb RasaiBaro 
ceieHia Ba6HRa. HpiixaBinie poACTBeaHHKa BaaaxaaoBa peKOMeaAO- 



*) CyXTaHBMH y RHpPHSl Ha8HBa»TCa nOTOMRH XaHOBi; OBH COCTABJWIOTB 

BHomee cocaoBie KBprnscKaro Hapo^a, BOTopoe HasiiBaeTca <6&iok> koctlio> 
Bt OTjunde on. «qepHoft bocth>, t. e. otb npocTOHapoxu. 



k. 



BT> K)PTB nOCJI^HHrO KHPrH3CKArO ipPEBHSA.' 63 

BaJH'Mfft npOSHTB HiCKOJIBKO JIHniHHX'B flH6ft B*B KOMOTaBi, HT06u 

,n;aTB airB BpeMfl, cnpaBHBTb cboh ^fijra, yixaTB Bnepefli h onoBicTHTB 
cyjrraHa ^HHrHca; Ham» 6u hsi ayia bncjhuth b* BaftHKB TapanracB 
h joinaAefi. Ho BpeHeHE HTarcB 6hio noTepaHo MHoro; corjacHTBca 
6bmo HexbBfl, HMHHa apyroft A6HL BuixajH nvb KoKwrasa no ro- 
pori bx Ba6mt , B. Co mhoA ixajrB TaK»e cTyjjeHTB neTep6yprcKaro 
yHEBepcnreTa KHpnracirift cyjrcaH'B CyaTaBrB-rasEffB, soToparo a npn- 
raacMTb conyrcTBOBaTB mh4 bt> KanecTBt nepeBo^HKa, bctp4thbiiihcb 
cb hhitb enje no floport wb HeTponaBJOBcirB; HafiMaffB CHtffcjrB y 
h&cb Ha Kosiaxi. » 

no Bcefi flopori #o Ba6MKaHa3Tb nonaflaracBpyccKiaceJieHiH, Taro> 
qTo B63A^ hh ixara bt> Teiesst Ha cm£hhhx , b jjomaflax'B; M-ioTam 
oTaHiun 6hjih He 6osie 15 BepcrB. Bcero Bt KoKwraBCKoifB ospyrt 
Hac^HTUBaeTGH flo copoKa pyccMrxi ceaeHilt; toctbd bto Ka3a%H cra- 

HHUH, ^aCTBK) KpeCTBHHCKlfl fl6p6BHH. TOIBKO nepBafl CTaHUJH OTB 

KoKieTaBa ctohtb oahhoro cpe^n TaKofi se nycTUBH, Kara h Ta, 
KOTOpaa oKpysaeTL ropofl* RoK^eTaBi; ho HenpHrraflHira oitpecT- 
hocth BToro ropo^a ho aaioTB HHKaKoro npejjcTaBjeflia o hhbohhchhx'B 
KapTHHaxx, soTopufl OTKpHBaioTca bt» rjiy6HH$ Kpaa, xoth cxeMaTH- 
^ecKia qepra MicTHaro nefl3aata h sjjicB yxe ecn>: ropa, npa no- 
AomBi ropii osepo, Ha Cepery osepa cejiesde — botb cxeiia Bcixt 
3iiniHHxi, Hanfojrte sHBonncHHxi MicTeqeKi>. 9to Bee ecTL y ro- 
po^a KoKwrasa, ho tojbko t4 jipb ropynira, soropHfl TopnarL HajL 
o3epoirB, GurnxovB hhitoshh, wto6u ocja6HTB mohotohhhS xapas- 
Tep-B npnaeraromeft mocko& ctooh; MeHie, *4irB bt> tocb xoabCh, 
mosho 6htb Ha oaiioft BHomefi hxi> totc4; oai mockh, Ha hex* 

HtTL HHKaKHX*B CKaiHCTHXT, BBIOiynOB^ H, KpOW* T01X), OH* C0B6p- 

meHHO roJiH, 6esjrbcHH, KaKi> tiesji&CHa h hiockoctb, OKpysann^ui 
co Bcixt cTopoHx 6oj[Bmoe EOK^eTaBCKoe osepo. Cjiobovb, ospecr- 
hocth RoKHOTaBa He #aK>TB HHKaKoro HaMesa Ha spacoTH, EOTopHa 
cKpHBaroTca 3a bthmh nposanqecsHMH npe^ropBaim. 

Ceje^ia, KOTopua mh bha&th Ha Aoporb, ^ejiKap^, flHracraBi, 
AnpTaBiy — Bci pacnojioseHH bx aHBonHCHHX'L m^cthocthx'b; saasjioe 
jreauirb Ha 6epery osepa, Ha^B KOTopsirB HenpeiiiHHO cb o#Hoft cto- 
POhh spyro noAHBHaioTGH CKaJHCTua ropu, noKpiiTHa rycTturB cooho- 
bbimx aicoMt. IIpoHesyTO^HUfl Meacjiy ropaHH, opaBHHran>HO 6oi£e 
luocm npocrpaHCTBa nospuTfii 6ojiie hjih MOHie rycniMH 6epeso- 
bhmh pon^aiiH, a npoxesyrsH MesAy pon^aiin noKpsxu bhcosoS 
no KOJitno 'lyroBofi TpaBofl; iion;epHa HHor^a saiEBaerB h^jike &e- 

CflTHHH CBOHM'L SeXTBUTB TSfibTOWb. B*B TOpaXl TpaBH 60(6 BBQH6; 
HtKOTOpUH CBOeft BBICOTOft HO^TH B*B pOCTB qeJIOB^Ka HanOMHHaiDTB^ 

MorymecTBeHHyio pacTHrejiBHOCTB Axraa. He My^peHo, tto fb btotb 
yrojOK'L yoTpeMHJiacB Bona nepecejieHi^eB'B. Taxia sHBonHCHiia MicTa 
TflHyTca Ha cto BepcrB ki sana^y otb KoiraeTaBa h Ha cto BepcrB 

Kl BOCTOKy. OoofiOHHO KpaCHBH, HO o6n^6My OTSMBy, MiCTa Kb BOCTOKy 






62 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

jraremjiH bi» ropoji rjaBHUVB oGpaaoirB coctohtl h3*b sasa^BHTB 
o(J)H^epoBT>. Tyn eon, Rasauft Rjiye*, Kasa^ui (eflHHCTBeHHaa) o6me- 
CTBOHHafl 6H6jioT6Ka; e^HHCTBennafl vb ropo^i urcoja flia ^botokb, 
b*b KOTopofi y^aTca e MimaHCKk A^TH t Tose RasaiBH. 

3a^cb npea^e Bcero a nosHaROMHica. cb Raaa^BHirb uojlbu>bhhkoitb 
H. A. Chmohobbhtb, ROTopoirs a cjannaJTB eme bt> HeTponaBJiocRi 
(mh4 pesoHeHAOBain odpaiHTBca r*b Heny sa coBiTaMH). ^Mctbh- 
TeJBHd, a BCTpiTnjn» bi> aoirt r. CflMOHOBa caHuft Tenjmfi npieirL; r, 
Chhohob'b HanpaBHJTL icera kt> noiiomraRy yteflHaro Ha?aju>HHKa r. 
^OJiasapH; caMoro HataiBHHRa bt> sto BpeMa bi RoR^eiaBi He 6iuo; 
oh*b yixajTB bt> oxnycK'B vb Pocciio. T. ^eiasapa 6wn> ro mh4 o^bhb 
jm6toewb h oKaaan mh* Tarn ycjyrn, 6631, KOTopuxt Moa a^jib- 
Hifimaa noisAK* ho 6iixa 6h yaaraa. RoHeraoft h,4ibi> ea 6htb 
ayjn» BaflHxaHOBHXb; bto KnprH3CKaa ceMBH, cb ROTopoi a 6mjtb #aBHO 

SHaKOMl,; CB OAHHX'B H3*B 6paTB6Bl> BaJMXaHOBBCX'B, ^OKaHOKB, flaBHO 

yse yMepmHirB, mh 6hih msoJTLHBie TOBapnn^H; BnocaiflOTBiH a Bcrpi- 
Haxcfl Tasse h cb flpyrmfH dpaTBAMH h cb hx'bothom'b. Mofi niaffB 
na jt&to 6hjtb TaKofl — saixaTB b* ayra BaaHxaHOBmB, noce^HTBca 

BT> HeBTB, eCJH M6Hfl HpHMyTB, H pafiOTdTB. Ho SL BBKJOTJSflk H6 HOpe- 

nHCBiBajcfl cb BajiHxaHOBHMH h Aase He 3HajrB, jkhbt> jh cyjiiairB *) 
Hehthcb, OTeiji ^onaHa. 

A arajTB, ?ro 8HHOBKa BaraxaHOBLDTB HaxoAHicH b-b yporami 
CepeMfiexB, ho TenepB ji*to, ayra BauxaHOBHX'B oTKo^eBarB Ha ai- 
TOBKy, catflOBaTeJEBHO, b*b Cepen6eTH ncnaTB ero He^ero; nysHO 6mo 
vb KoKHCTaBi yaHaTB, i\ui Haxo^HTCH jrfcroBRa BaiExaHOBuxi; #a h 
caMOMi, CepeicGeTH a He SHajn, bi> sasoirB pa3CToamH oho leanix^ 
oTh KoKieTaBa. 

T. AejasapH flajrB mh4 bt> iipoboahhkh OtfHoro H3i> tnoTOOBoftnie*, 
KOTopue oocTOHTB Ha caysfii npa ytsAHOira HOJiHi^eficKOirB ynpaBJie- 

HiB. TSUCB Ha3HBaH)TCH HOJHI^efiCKie pa3C£LIBHHe H3*B KHprH31». 3to 

o6uehob6hho 6oiKie, pacroponHHe iioAH, ooeAHHHDH^ie BHanie RO^e- 
Biixi o6u?aeB% ex SHaHieifB pyccKaro a3HBa, HesantHHioie am 

pyCCRHXl ?HH0BHHB0B1> BO BpOMfl HXl pa3T>t3A0B'B HO CTOflH. ^aHHilfi 

MHi «no?TOBoftnie» hochjtb hma HafiMam>; ohb noTOMi*, b*b AajiBHti- 
me& Ham eft nofe^Kt, oKasaxca Heo^neHHfiH'B TOBapsmeirB. 

Em;e no Moero 3HaK0MCTBa cb HaflHaHOicB a otb Koro-TO nojy- 
7eh» npurraoe H3BicTie, tto cyxraHB ^HHrncB shbi. Bcjrh^ 3a t^jtb 
HaiManB vb totb se cavufi aohb, KaKB mh cb hhitb nosHaKOMEXHCB, 
npHBejrL b-b kod KBapnzpy po ( n;cTBeHHHKOB'B cyjTaHa ^HHrHca, no Ka- 
ehvb-to Kh&am npitxaBmHX'B vb Ros^eTaBB. Ohh coo6iuhjh, too 
HHHrncB ctohtb noffB ropoft ToxTy, b*b 30 Bepcxax'B on Kaaa%aro 
cejieHia Ba6HKa. HpiixaBniie poactb6hhhkh BajnxaHOBa peROMeHAO- 



*) CyjrraHaMH y rhpphsi HasuBaiOTCfl uotomkh xshobi; ohh cocTABJiaiOTt 
BHcmee cocsoBie RHprnscKaro Hapo^a, KOTopoe HasiiBaeTca <6&ioh> koctbk» 

B% OTIHilIe OTl «qepHOft KOCTH>, T. 6. OTb npOCTOHapOXBfl. 



BB H)PTB nOCMflHarO KHPrH3CKArO ipPEBHqA.v 63 

BaJHMHi npOSHTB HiCEOJBKO JIHinHHXB flHeft BB KOR*eTaBt, ^T06u 

,n;aTb Amb BpeMfl, cnpaBZBi cboh ,n$jra, yixaTB BnepeflB h oiiob4cthti> 
cyaTaHa ^HHrHca; tomb 6n H3i» ayaa bwcjkuth b-b Ba0NKB TapaniacB 
h jioma^eft. Ho BpeiieHH HiaKB 6lijo noTepaHo MHoro; conacHTBcs 
6eho H6Jto3&, h mh Ha apyroft aghb BHfaara e3*b KoEwraBa no ao- 
por£ bb BaCmtB. Co mhoA ixajrB Tasse ctja6htb neiepfiyprcRaro 
yHEBepcirreTa raprH3CKift cyjreaHB CyjTaHB-ra3HHB, KOToparo a npii- 

rjaCHJ'B COIiyTCTBOBaTB MB* BB EaTOCTO* nepeBO^HHKa, BCTptTHBHIHCB 

cb hhmb enje no aoport bb HeTponaBJOBCEB; HafiMaHB chkJutb y 

H&CB Hd K03JHaXB. * 

no Bceft Aopori flo Ba6uEa HaMB nonaflamcBpyccEiaceJieHiH, Tara 
to> B63A^ mh ixaan bb TeaesR* Ha cm4hhhx # b JomaaaxB; sriurraMH 
cTamtfa <5hjih He (Sojrfie 15 BepcrB. Bcero bb RoR^eTaBCKoirB ospyrfc 
HacqHTMBaeTca ^o copoKa pjccrhxb ceieHit; ?acTBx> bto sasaiBH cia- 

HHUH, TOCTBD EpeCTBflHCElH ^p6BHH. TOJBKO nepBafl CTaHUJH OTB 

KoE^eTaBa ctohtb oahhoeo cpe^H Tasoft ace nycraBH, saEB h Ta, 
KOTOpaa oKpysaeTB ropo^B KoETOraBB; ho HenpHraaflHiia ospecT- 
hocth BToro ropo^a He aaioTB HHEasoro npejjcTaBJieflia o shbohhchhxb 

EapTHHaXB, EOTOpUfl OTKpHBaiDTCa B*B My6HH* Epafl, XOTfl CXOMaTH- 

qecKia qepTU MicTHaro neiteasa h SflicB y*e octb: ropa, npa no- 
AomBi ropu osepo, Ha Cepery osepa ceiesde — botb cxeMa bc4xb 
sninmnx'B, HaH6ojrie shbohhchbcxb MicTeqeEB. 9to bco octb y ro- 
pofla KoK^eTaBa, ho tojbro t4 pph ropyniKH, KOTopua TopiarB HaffL 
03ep0MB, cjEEmsoHB HHTTOffiHu, mo6u ocaafiHTB MOHOTOHHSitt xapaR- 
Tept npMeraromeft hjoceoII otooh; MeHie, i&wb bb tocb xoab6h, 
mosho 6htb Ha caMofi BHcmefi hxb totc&; oh4 moceh, Ha hhxb 
h4tb* HflsaKHXB csajiHOTHXB BueiynoB'B h, Kpoirfc Toro, OH* COBOp- 
meHHo roJiH, 6e8jrbcHH, sasB 6e3Ji4cHa h moceoctb, OEpyaaiomaa 

00 BCtXB CTOpOHB 60ABm06 E0E^6TaB6E0e 036p0. CJIOBOMB, OEpOCT- 

hocth RoKieTaBa He AaK)TB HHsaEoro HaMesa Ha Epacom, KOTopLia 
cEpBTBaioToa 3a bthmh nposaHqecsHHH npe^ropBaira. 

Cejepia, soTopufl mh bha&ih Ha Aoport, ^ejisapB, flHTHCTaBi>, 
AnpTaBB — Bci pacnoioseHH bb shbobhchiixb MtcTHOdaxt; saasjiod 
jresHTB Ha 6epery osepa, Ha^B eotopumb HenpeM^HHO cb o^Hofi cto- 
poHH spyro noAHHMaioTCH CKaJHCTua ropu, noKpimia rycTSMB cocho- 
buhb aicoM'L. HpoMexyTOiHua mosaT ropa^H, opaBHHTeiBHO 6oite 
mocEia npocTpaHCTBa nospuTS 6oa%6 hjeh MOHfte rycTHMH 6epe8o- 

BHMH pomaMH, a npOMOSyTEH M6»AT pon^aMH- nOKpUTU BMCOEOft 

no koji^ho 'lyroBofi TpaBoft; JiDii.epHa HHor^a sajHBaers i^joih ^e- 

COTHHH CBOHM'L SOITBUCB H^iTOMX. Bb TOpaXB TpaBH GWfl B£Qne; 
HtEOTOpUfl CBOeft BHCOTOB HO^TH BB pOCTB lOJOBJlEa HanOXHHaDTB ^ 

MorymecTBeHHyio pacTirreiBHOCTB Anaa. He iiyApeHO, qro bb btotl 
yroJOEB yoTpeMHJiacB BoiHa nepecejieni^eBB. Tasia sHBonHCHua MicTa 
THHyTca Ha cto BepcTB eb sanaAJ 0Tb KosqeTaBa h la cto BepcTB 
eb Bodosy. Ooo6ohho spacHBH, no o6n^eicy OTSHBy, MicTa kt> BocTOsy 



62 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

inreEi^E bt» roporfi rjaBHiarB o6pa3oirB coctoftb H3i KasaracrB 
o^HJiepoB'B. Tjtb ecTB Kasatift urjtf'B, Kasa^ba (ej^EHCTBeraaa) o6nje- 
cTBenHaa 6H<taioTeKa; e^HHCTBeHHaa m ropo^i nntoja aaa tftoOTOEb, 
b h Eoiopofi yiaTca e icfemaHCKia atar, toso Kasaita. 

3;vr.cb npea^e Boero a nosaaEOMBaca. vh Basa^BEirb uojikobhhkoitb 
J I . A. CHMOHOBiorB, o KOTopoiTb a cjiBnnajrB 6mfi wb neTponaBjocBi 
(MHi peKoxe^oBaiH. odpaTBTbca st Heny 3a coBiiaMH). ^Mctbh- 
TejrLHcJ, a BCTpirajTb vb ,hom4 r. CflMOHOBa caraft Tenmfi npieiTL; r. 
Chmohobt, HanpaBHJi'L MeHH kb noMomHiuty yta^Haro HaiaiBEEKa r. 
r T,e-ia.iapa ; caMoro aaiaiBSBKa b*b 8to Bpena bi RoEieraBi He 6hio; 
OHi) ytxajL bi oraycKt bt> Pocciio. T. ^eiasapE 6iutb ko me4 ohohb 
jua6e3eH-B h OKasara me* Tania ycjiyra, 663* ROTopuxi moh .naiB- 
h f.nuiuM no*3flKa He 6iua 6h yaaraa. KoBeEHoft n,iuiB» ea 6iiffB 
ayai- BajHraaHOBircb; bto unpraracKaa oeiiBa, cb KOTopoft a 6hjtb flaBBO 
suaKuMT^; oi o^hem-b hst* 6paiBeBT> BaJfflXaHOBHX'B, HOBaHOlTL, #aBB0 
yace yMepmEJTB, mh 6hm mEOJiLHue TOBapEHjE; BnooiifleTBiB a BCTpi- 
^ajica TaRse b ex apyrBMB 6paTLEME e ci BrbomoiTB. Mofi niaffL 
na -tI.tci 6eijtb TaKofl — saixaTB b*b ayjrB BaiExaHOBHX'b, nocejurrbca 
b*b H6Mi>, ecjE Mesa npfltfyrB, e pa6oiaTB. Ho a HESor^a He nepe- 
nin'Mua-ica CB BajiExasoBBiMH e flpxe He 3Hajn>, sebbje cyaraBB*) 
^nnrHCB, otoi^l ^OKafla. 

H 3HEUTB, ETO SEHOBKa BaJIEXaHOBHTB HaXOflflTCH Wh ypO*fflmi 

CepeMderB, ho TenepB ji4to, ayjB BaiHxasoBux'B oTKoieBara Ha it- 
TOBKy, caiflOBaTeJBEo, bx CepeMGeiE EcsaTB ero Heiero; HysHo 6mo 
bti KoKieraBi yssaTB, ryji Haxo^HTca jr&TOBEa BaftflxaBOBEixi; fla h 
o caMOMi. CepeiifieTH a He ssajft, b-b EaEoarb pa3CToaHiH oso lesnii 
otl KoKieTaBa. 

T. ;ieia8apE flajrb me4 bi iipoboahhke oflEoro n&b «noiroBoftnie>, 
EOTopzie oocToaTB Ha cayafii np# yis^HOiTB noraijeftcKOM'B ynpaBie- 
uin. Tdtt Ha3HBa»Tca nojsi^eficKie pa3C£UBHue En BflprE3i». 3ro 
o6ijehob6hho 6oifarie, pacToponBHe jhow, coeAHHEDn^ie 3Hasie so^e- 
Bam oSw^aeBi ct. SHaHieMx pyccKaro asuna, HesairfaHEMue jyia 

pycCRIIX'L TOBOBEBKOB'B BO BpeMfl EXl pa3 , bi3 ( D[0B , B HO CTCHE. ^aHHHfi 

MHt «uoqTOBOftme» hochjtb eme HafinaFB; ohb eotoicb, b*b jaiBHti- 
meii Ham eft nofafflrt, OKasajica Heoi^iBeEHHMi TOBapEH^eiTB. 

Eme ao Moero 3HaK0ncTBa cb HaftMaEOifB a orb Eoro-TO noiy- 
^ni'b upiETBoe E3Bicrie, tto cynaBi ^IflBrflCb sebi. Bcii.n'B sa rbwb 

J I aiisUHB B"B TOTB S6 CaHBlft ^HB, EaKt MH CB HfllfB HOSHaKOMEXflCB, 

npflBeji'b wb hod KBapTEpy poflCTBeBEEKOB'b cyiTasa ^ETECa, no Ka- 
iiffMii-To AijraMx npitxaBfflHX'B b*b RoE^eTaB'B. Oee coo6nifliE t ^to 
^narHci. ctoetb ho^b ropoft ToxTy, bi 30 BepcTax* otb Ea3a%aro 
cfjeHia Ba6s[Ea. HprlxaBmie poflCTBeBBBEB BaraxaEosa pesoneEAO- 



'i i wiTaHaMH y KHprnst sasuBaiOTCfl hotomrh zaHOBi; obh coctabjwk>ti» 
BLicmee cocaoBie RHprnacKaro Hapo^a, KOTopoe HasiiBaeTca <6&ioh> eoctwo> 

3% QT.UVUQ OTb «?6pH0fl KOCTH>, T. 6. OTB IipOCTOEapOXBJL 



b*b h>ptb nocraflHaro RHPrn3CRAro ippebhsa.-. 63 

• 

Bajn'MHi nposaTb h4ckojilko jmniHHX'B AHeft b% KoRieTaBi, htoSbi 
,n;aTb hm-b BpeMa, cnpaBHBi> cboh ,n$jra, yixaTB BnepeffB h onoBicTHTB 
cyaTaHa ^BHTHca; Ham» (5m hsi ayia bwcjmuth bt> BafaarB TapaniacB 
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62 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

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xhhchhh, ecTB eme oAHa nocTpofiEa, EOTopaa no-EHprH3CEE Ha3BiBaeTCH 
Hynem\ OHa cjiyaHTi bm*cto EyxHH. 8to 6peB6H^aTaa mecTHrpaHHaa 
tt 8. on*** i. 5 






, 66 ■ PyCCKOE BOrAICTBO.* 

©pTa 6e3T> OROffB H 6681 HOTO, CX SeMJHHUYB noioiTB, cb oiaroMi 

nocepeflHHi n c^ RoraqeoKofi Rpinnefi, npHRpiiTOft flepHOirB. 

9ia HoqeBKa fe ctoue He npeABHAfaacB, n RasaRH He 3axBa- 
tem ot» co6oS nocyflH, yto6h CBapHTB naft. HpHinjocL b*b cyxyio 
jieiB cnaiB. KasaRK HaaepraiH h3t> urea xBopocTj, sasrjm HefoiB- 
mott Kocrepx 6ojQ>me ara pa3BieqeHiff, ^iKi> Ji£& yaoBjreTBopeHia 
$H3H^ecK0ft noTpeOHOCTH, — h B&k yaerancB ua roioft CTena no/vb 
OTKpiiTUM'B He6oM'B. Ho^b 6tMa Tenjaa e He6o acnoe; floatflB «e 
yrpoxajn), ho cnaTB fituo flymHO, hotomj tfo npninjocL 3aKpuTb 
rojoBy mrefloirB on> ROMapoBi. HafiMam> npeaiaraJTB pacnoiOKHTBca 

B*B OflHOft H8"B KHprH3CKHXT) XHJKHHX; TaiTB, OffB TOBOpHJ'B, OTB ROMa- 

poBi> 6yA6TB cnoKofiffhe, ecra bhjtph flOMa pasBecTH RypeBO, ho sa to 
TaM*L 6uia APyraa HanacTB — hhos6Ctbo 6ioxx. 

Ha Apyroe yrpo roaoflHiie mii abehjjihcb flarfie. Bee bhahhoo 
npocTpaHCTBO ctohh 6hjh>, Kaicx h B^epa, 6e33KH3HeHHo. Har^i He 
6elh> bbaho CKOTa, hh oahhi BcaAHnKx He nosa3UBaicfl Ha ropH- 
30HT*. Ho ch) CTopoHy ropH ToxTy — HO 6HJI0 HHKaKOK) COMHiHiH — 
ayaa He 6tuo; ecjmfi'B ohi> ckpubmch b-b phtbhh* piiRH, ero npn- 
cyTCTBie Bi^ara 6h 6po^HBnrifi oeojio Hero crotb. Bet Hamn Ha^es^n 
cocpeAOToqHJLMCL Ha Tofi Torab aopora, r^t oHa orHfiaerB ropy Toxiy 
h, cjriytya napajjejBHO jjojiHErfc piKH ARRaHB-fiypjiyRa, noBoparaBaerB 
Ha sanaA'B. Tyrc> mh oacHflaaa yBHA^TB hoboo rojAho aojihhh, roto- 
poe 6buo saroposeHO ropoft; vl hoitb, mosotb 6htl, h npjrraica ayjrB 
BajmxaHOBUX'B. OflHffB h3*b RasaROBTb jBEj&jn> Ha ropt ToxTy Kam-TO 

T6HHBIH nflTHHmKH; OHB flyMfcTB, HTO 8T0 SpOJJHTB CROTB, HO Hafi- 

MaHx cRasaix, hto 9to uoserB 6htb h RaMHH. 

HaKOHen^>, mh aoixara #o RpHTHiecRaro nyHRia. Ilepe^b HaMH 

OTRpHJOCB HOBOO HpOCTpaHCTBO, ROTOpOO pAH*e 6fiU0 SaRpUTO B08BH- 

meHBocTAHH, ho noJtJKeme He h3m4hhiocb. He o^Horo paAoerHaro 
npH3HaRa, hh Msurbftmaro Bara^o^Haro nflTfiBrama! Bel Ha^HHaeirB 
BoiHOBaTBca. KasaRH hooxotho iAjrb finepeAi; mi ffiA^MT), wo ceft- 
qacL HaqHeTca paaia,^ naniEXx HHTepecoBi, vro vu sacnopEMi. II 
bt> caMOMx A^Jrfe, cnopx Mes^y RasaRaME e HafiMaHOMX saroptica. 
IIo MH^HiD Ra8aR0Bi t HanpacHo npo^o^saTB uohckh ayia BaisxaHO- 
bbixt>; ero Tyn wbrb e He 6iuo. 

Bt> canon A^it, hto se 6uzo j^jiaTB? Hto6u ixaTB bi> ctohb 
^ajie .npyrifl cyTRE, ao riucB nopx, noRa ho Aot^eirB #o ayjia Bajn- 
xaHOBUX'B, HysHO HaiaTB HOBue neperoBopn cb Ra3aRaHH; a hto ohh 
ianpocarL Tenept, Koiyja, Kponi hexi, heroix) HtTx? Hub BepHyTBCH 
Ha3a^ bb Ba6uR p B? 

HafiMgiHT), OAHaRO, 8Haix otjih^iho o6HRHOB6HiH CBoero Hapo^a, 
yuiji'B opieHTnpoBaTBCfl bt> noftotiHMX'B o6cTOflrejLBCTBaxx h BHeprn- 
qecKH HacTaHBajra Ha toitb 9 mto Haj^o ixaTB Bnepe^t. B*b KoRqeiaBt 
RHpra3H cKasaiE, tto ayjri BajrHxaHOBBExi CTOBrB y ropN ToxTy; 
He spa, roh6<iho, CKasajra, o6MaHHBaTB He cTanyrL. Ayjn> r^t he- 
6yAB Tyra. CyjETaH-B ^HnrEcx TpoHyjca cb jh4tobrh Ha anMOBRy, h 



# 



BT» ttPTB HOCl'MHflrO KHPrfl3CBArO IJAPEBH'IA. 67 

. jpyroft Aoporn eriy ffirt, RaRi TyrB, memo ropH ToxTy; eMy Heny^a 
A^BaTBCfl. CyjrraHH Bcer.ua ctoitb Ha pfrucarB; botb lyra h pisRa, 
h ayjrB rAi HHfiyAB noAJrfc pi^KH. 

HaftMaffB rOBOpEJTB CB TaROft JB'fepeHHOCTHD, KAKX 6yAT0 Bee 8TO 

fouro a^ Hero aRcioMofi. KasasH CAaiHOB h corjacHMCB eme noAaTBca 
neMHoro BnepeAt, ao firaBaftmaro 6yrpa-, ewiH cb 8Toro 6yrpa ra«iero 
ne tbhahitb, HOBopoTHiTB HasaffB. ^otxajiH flo 6yrpa h He tojibeo 
ao aToro, ho h ao Apyroro no^aiLnie, ho MRaRHXB npHSHasoBi ayaa 
He OTRpu^ocB. KasaKH TopsecrBOBajra. EtaRaRoro coMHiHia, hto ayjia 
<mch8ro Htn>; orojto 6ojBinoro ayjia r^t m6yAB Ha ropaxB 6hjtb 6m 
BHaeffB crotb. Ho 8to coofipaseme EaaaROBB b*l wiaaaxB HaftiiaHa 
He nutao HffKaKOft n,iHH: corai^e Ha Bepmafffc He6a, acapa; aa^tA* 
ace crotb 6yAeT* xoahtb no ropairB; oh-b TenepB ctohtb crpyacemHtt 
y p&RH Ha ah4 piraoft phtbhhh h ero He BHAaTB, 

Bt 8to Bpenfl csa^H HacB BAaaa 6mh saMtaeHH jUBa Bc^HHRa, 
RVropne nepetoacaaH otohb nonepeRi namefi Aoporn. Ohe RaEB 6yATO 
taaiH r*b TOMy se njHRTj, RaR*B h mh, tojibeo Apyron, (fojrte npa- 
Mofi ^oporofl, repeal ropy. IIOHBJieHie BcaAHHROBi ORomaTeaBHO y&6- 
AHao HafiMaHa, ?to ayn mxoahtch BnepeAH Ha Hameft Aoport. ,Ohh 
$AyrB HaierRi, 6e8i Garasa, 6e8*B bbdtooS saBOAHOft aomana, 3Ha- ' 
msrb RaRie to poactbohhhrh hih SHaROMHe *AyTB bt> tocth bb ayjrB, 
EOTopurfi r^i-TO HeAaaeRO. KaaaRE aojhrhh 6hjh yoTyHHTB h coraa- 

CHTBCfl, TO) TyTB r^t-TO 6CTL ayJTB, — 6CIH He TOTB, ROTOpHH MH 

BmeMt, to RaROft HH6yAB Apyrofi; Bt homi mh, no RpaftHeft Mipi, 
*rro Hn6yAB ysHaeirB o BajHxaHOBHXB. 

■Sag***- BApyrB nepeA> mme OTRpuBaeToa HeraytioRaa BnaAHHa 
b*b 3eMJii h bb Heft RaROfl-TO Tafiopx. Botb h ayn BaiHXaHOBUXl, 
AyuaeifB mh. KaseTCH, h HaSMaHi TaKt AyMaro. Ho OTpaHHo: DprB 
He 6hjto bhaho; oah^ tojibro Tejrtrn c% yzoaEeHHOs) Ha hhx*b noKja- 
xeio, saBepnyTOB) BofijOKaMH, h MesAy hhmh HeCoJBmie 6asaraHH, 
HacRopo nocTpoeHHHe H3B RpacHnxi ©pto^hhx'l pimeTORi. 

^ — 3, OHH RO^yDTB! — CRa8£UTB HafiMdHB, RaKB TOJBEO yBHA^JKB 

Ta6opB. 

Xoth a npoB6Jn> ho Maio BpeMeHH bb cTenaxi*, ho mh£ HHRorAa 
He npHXOAHJiocB Ro^eBaTB BMicrfe cb RO^eBHHRaMH; bo bo4xi> nyTe- 

meOTBlflX'B fl XOAHJTB CBOHMB COtiCTBeHHHMB ayjIOMB H HHKOr^a ^6 

BHAajrB Ro^eBaro Ta6opa Ha ocTaHOBRaxi bo BpeMH nepe^BHmeHia cb 
ji^tobkh Ha 3HMOBRy. K)prB bb btomb cjiywi ne craBHTB, a ydpau- 
Ba»TB maiamH hbx dpto^hhxb ptmeTOKB. Haute Bcero 6epyn» ABa 
<RaHaTa» *) h cTaBflrB hx*b raKB, KaEt a^tb oipoflTB aomhrh H3t 
RapTB, bb bha^ ABycRaTHot RpHnni; TaKie maJiamH Ha3HBaDTCH no- 
RHprH8CRH uMb-apna^ «co6a^BH cnnHa». Epenpome Apyr°* ntfuranrB, 



*) PimeTKa, hbi KOTopoft oGpasyeTca ipiiHHAp^ecRafl HHanaa vacTB ropTH, 

^OCTOHTli H81» tiCKOflBKHXT. OT^tjILHHX'B 8B6HL6B1», KOTOpUA CBflBMBaiOTCfl: 
BM-feCT*; OTA&IBHOe 8B6B0 HESMBaeTCfl KCMOMb. 

5* 






V 68 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO*. 

; '- KEprH8csoe HMfl KOToparo a 3*61111, a bb nepoBOfli oho 8HaiirrB 

<qaHrapaKx npHciOHeHB» *); 8TO ^Harare, qTO o6py?B, Roropuft 

;' ' o6pa8jerB BepmaHy cBO.ua ropru, npnciOHHJiH rb Tertri c3a#H a& 

Ha6pocHJH Ha Hero bo&iorb, h 6ojK>me mraero. 

HofliAxaBB vb Ta6opy, hh y3Hara, tto bto enje ho ayjiB 8a- 

' • , jHxaHOBHX'E, a ?eft-TO *yao8, ito ro ayara BanxaHOBHXB eme 

ocTaeTCH cb Bepcrry npoixaTB BHH3B no toA se pfrrcb. BcKopt, 
kt, o6meMy Hameify yaoBQiBCTBiio, mi yBHfliuiH pa flpyraxT, ay*a t 
pacnoJioaeHHHXB Ha npoTHBonoJiosHOMB fiepery piKH ARRaffB-BypjyRa, 
o^vLWh BHme no p$R4, Apyrofi wl nojyBepcrfe HHse; nepBHt 6hjtb 
apt iueiiHHHHKOB'B cynaHa HHHrnca, cHHOBefi ero 6paTa AnpcaHa, 
BTopoft — ero caMoro. 9totb nocirfejjHift coctohib est* flecHTRa 6oxb\snsxb 
iQprB h k&crojibrhxb HoiKHii maaamefi; DpTU 6hjh OKpyaeHH to* 
jftraMH, 6oJBrae» qacTBD nycruMH, pasrpyseHHUHH; ^rt 6fcnifl »pTH 
ctomh Ha 6jth3Komt> apyre* rb xpyry pascTOHHin; hotoitb ORasaaocB, 
wo b*b oaHoft hsb hhxb noMimajca caMB cyjnMB TThhthcb cb aeHoi, 
a bb Apyrofi erft uaftrnift chhb KoRynrt cb cbohmh ^6tbmh. 

HOflBixaBB KB pKTBHHt, BB KOTOpog Te^OTb pfaa, MH OCTaHO- 

. bhjihcb npoTHBi) ayia Ha flpyroirc* 6epery. HacB otb ayja OT^tJiflJa 

- TOJIBKO pfrlHafl pHTBHHa, Ha flH4 ROTOpOft, laCTBJO BB BOfl4, OTOflXH 

Ta6yHH h cTa.ua, coBepmerao coraacHO npe^GRasaHin HaftnaHa., Knp- 

' rH3B, npoBOKaBnrifi HacB BepxoMB Ha xoma^H otb* nepBaro Ta6opa, 

yixajiB Birepe^B ob HanmMH bhbhthjbmh RapTOHRaMH. Mei be^Sm, 

' RaRB ohb nepeixaiB tiepesB ptay, noflMjea Ha Teppacy, noflBixarB 

rb DpTavB, arts* cb JiomaAH h BomejiB bb ropiy RoRyma. HaSnaHB 

OCTaJICfl CB HaHH H, CHflfl Ha R03JiaXB, HCTOJIKOBHBaiB T* ABHS6HUI 
H fltttCTBifl, KOTOpHfl MH 3aiffriaj[H BB ayjrf* H ROTOpiIfl, OieBHflHO 
(5MIH BH3BaHH HaHLHMB HOHBJieHieifB. 

— IIOffllH CB ^OlUta^OMB RB HHHFHCy. 

— XOTflTB npHHHTB, OTRHHyiH TJDHfllORB **); 3Ha^HTB, JTaflflTB ©pTJ, 
fffojQQTB ROBOpB. 

Eor^a HaniH Tejrbrn nepeixajH p*Ky h noAHHincB Ha Teppacy, 
H3B ABepei ©pTH BHmejrB npH£HiHO OAiTHft MymHHa Jiirt okoio 

COpORa, KpaOHBOfl HapySHOCTH, CB BaSHOfi OOaHROfi H MeiaHXOXH^eCRHMB 

B3rjflA0MB; 8to 6iurB KoRynrb. Ohb 6bub oj&Tb noira no esponeftcRH; 
B^t hohb 6ujo 6ijroe j^THee njiaTBe: HHA«aRB h y3Rie naHTaiOHii; 
tojbko RpacHaa <£>ecRa npH^aBajia ero $Hrypi bv^b MycyiBMaHnna. 
3totb cirbmaHHuft roctdmb HanoMHHajrB 6yjo?HHRa, aHaTOjdftcRaro ryp- 
Ka bb CeBacTonojrfe hjih bb Geo^ociH bb RpiiHy. IlpHTJianieHHue KoKy- 
mem* boAth bb K>pxy h yme 3HaK0Mtie cb RHprHSCRHM'B 8THK6T0MB, 

MBI CB CyiTaHOMB CyjTaHB-ra3HHBIMB BOmiH H 3aHflIH CBOH irtcTa Ha 

pa30CTiaHH0MB ROBpi, Ha npaBofi nojoBHHi »pTM. PaaroBopi Haqaica 
' CB 06uqH£IXB npHBiTCTBifi; KoRymi) rOBOpHJXB cAepsaHHO, TaRB ^T(V 



*) ^aarapaKt— -flepeBaHHHft o6$ym> y kotopumi> B*H^aeTCfl* cBOfffc npTu. 

**) BoftJIOK-B, KOTOpHMl) 8aRpHBaeTCH BepiHOe ^UMOBOe OTBepcrle lOpTH. 



BT> Dm HOCJM&AHHrO KHPrHBCRATO IJAPEBH1A. 69 

KH H6 8B&JIH, npiflTHHe IE MM TOCTH MH Hin>. KOKjnTB fle^BHO 

OBAOB&rfr; Ha pyKaxi ero OdaiacB sacTteiHBaa joc&raija TyHa, bt> 
Boapacrt uaAmefi rHMHasicraa, h pisBiift msjibhek'b IHepAsaffB. 

^Ippm HiasojtbKO uHHyn h3*b Apyroft »ptbi npHmejrB flRyfiB, 
crapmifi chh*b cyjuaHa ^EHrnca, h pasroBOpi okhbhjich. flKytis 6bmb 
oa&tb coBepmeHHO b*b TaKoft se koctdmi, KaKi h KoKynn,. 9to, oqe- 
bhaho, 6tuia rapirocKaa MO^a KOHH,a XIX ctojAiIh. fiKy6*B BiacTHO 
BomeaB bb Dpry, nosAopoBaaca cb Havn rpoMKO, se uppeMcra&cB, h 

C&iB MOSAJ HaMH H X08AHH0MB DpTH, T. e. '3aHflJlT> nepB06 ItiCTO Ha 

xgaaficKoB nojioBHHi, dymeBaBt RoKyma Ha BTopofi mraffB. Ohb 
OTA^Bajn npaKasqpia cayraMi KoKyma, KaKx 6yATO chj^jtb bt> cBoeif 
co0ctb6hhoS Dprfc, h KB Hameicy npitoAy oraeeca, KaKB nepBoe ian,o - 
b*b ayjrfc,' o64maa ycTponTB Hame flpetfaBaHie b*b crena. Cjioboitb, ohb 
^bui bb pojia CTapmaro 6paTa. • 

Hepca'B aooraaca bb Dpry BOinejn> KHprH3T>, otobbaho, hocojtb h3T> 
DpTH cyjuafla TlaHnica, n ofipaTraca ki AKj6y cb AOoa^oMt. Bbicjry- 
maBB ero, CyjrraHvflKy6B nepeAajn* HaMB no-pyccKH: cHanama 80- 
B6TB BacB kb cetffc Ha qamKy tod!> 

Mh ABHHyjHCB bb raaBHyD »pTy ayaa Bceft Haniefi KOMnamefi: a, 
cynaHB CyjrraHB-ra3HHB n HatiMaHB, a Tamse SiKj&b h KoKynrB. 

Bb r^aBHoft lopit BMicrfe d> cyjrraHaMH ^hhthcoitb xhjh ero 
seHa (6afi6Hqe) h fffcBHija ^ayso6aft, BHyiKa HHHTHca. Kor^a mm 
ch^h bb Kprt KoKyma, jfayfa cTapaica nparoTOBHTB nacB kb bho- 
rarjrtaiD raaBHOft Dpra; ohb, noBHAHMOMy, 6oajica, Kara 6h mm, yBE ; 
,a4bhih TlHHTHca, He HcinjTajiH pasonapoBaHia; ohb npeAynpexAajTB 
HacB, qTO tnanaraa* TenepB yse He npesHift, cAiaajca <5ojtbhnmb 
ciapHKOMB, yM'B ero ciara pefiaiecKift. OKa3aJ0CB, hto chht> cram- 
komb yacB Mpa^HMMH KpacKaMH - ofipacoBaJTB cocToame cBoero oma. 
CyjiTaHB ^hhphcb, He CMOTpa Ha cboh 85 Jrinrt, en^e 6o^pMfi erapHKi; 
Ao nocitflHaro BpeMeHH ohb ^Jian cboh nepeKoqeBKH ne bb TapaH- 
Tact, a BepxoMB Ha JiomaAH; ro^a Tpn TOMy Haaaj^B ohb seHHica Ha 
HOBofi seHt. Co cTapon sceHoft 3eHHeirB, MaiepBD ^oKaHa h ero 
6paTL6BB, ^HHrncT> nposHJii 52 ro^a. 

*CyJITaHT, ^HHTHCB CH^&DIB y Sa^Hefi CTfeHM DpTH, 7. e. npOTHBB 

ABepett. KpoBaTB ct> HarpoMOKfleHHMMH KOBpHKann h noAyinsaMH 3a- 
HHMajia npaBMfl 6okb Dpra; no^i EpoBaTH CHA^a 6aft6Hqe; pa^oifB 
cb hod RbBHiia T IayRo6aft- ona pa3JHBajra qaft. 

Cha&ih mm cb noAsaTUMH Horaun. Bb mojuoaocth a ymijrB cha^tb 
no Typeu^H 6e3B yTOMjeHia, ho otbmkb, Horn moh ho rHyjacB, h mh^ 
6hio ysacHo hojuobso, xot&jocb BMTaHyTB hxb BnepeAB. CynaHB 

HbhTHCB 3aM*TflJTB 9TO, HO OHB H6 MOfB Ce6i HpeACTaBflTB, HT06B 

moh Horn 6mjih ho bb cocToaHia corHyTBca, h Ay^ajB, ito bch npn- 
^HHa bb ysKHX'B naHTaJiOHaxB. Ohb npHKaaajiB 6aM6nqe cefl^act ace 
AocTaTB MHi H3B cyiTaHGKaro rapAepo6a naHTaioHU a pyoaniKy Eap- 
rascRaro noKpoa, nocoB^TOBajiB nejpeoAiTBca bb 8to njiaiBe a pascRa- 
3ajB, hto oahhb ero dapsfi npiaTeiB ^hhobhhkb Cothhkobb. koto- 



70 PYCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

pufl BT> COpOKOBHTB I'OflaX'B npiisSaJTL rOOTHTB Kb H6Hy nwb OHCRa 

KasAoe ji4to, Bceiyja b*b aya4 OfliBaica b* KoneBoft koctjdmi. 

II bi> caifOH'B A-furfc, Kara tojebro mm «ootmh qaft h cTaaa pac- 
K.iaHriBaihcfl cb cyiTaHOifB ^HHrHCOM-B, mh4 noaaia KHprnscsift i4t- 

Bift KQOTBQrt. B3HB1> nO^X-MHfflKH BTH B6n^eOTB6HHHe SHaKH MOOrO BO- 

iBopeaia b'b KHprH3CK0Mt ayai, a yaaiiaica b* ropTy Kosyma, koto- 
paa ceMeflsuMt cob*toitl 6mia Ha3Haqera .pa noiiimeHia Meaa h 
Moero cnyTHHKa r. CyjiTaHX-ra3BHa. 

JtxoBKa BajmxaHOBNxt, t. e. m4cto, r,n4 ohh npOBOflarb jrino, 
HaioAHTca y osepa bi 20 BepcTax-B ki> »ry otb Toro MicTa Ha 
AKKaHv6yp.iyrcb, iyji mm aanura 8Ty comb©. Ayjra> yse flBHHyica 

CX .ThTOBKU Ha 3HM0BKy, H MM 3aCTaJIH erO Bfc XOfly, HO TaiCB KaK'B 

Ba-inxaiioBM hm4jih Haiiipeme npocToaTB 3fl*CB HicKOH»KO jjHefi, 
ifl ayit 6m*b He b*b kotobomi nopaflKi, a Kara fiyflTO na hoctohh- 
Eoii ctohhkIj: 6raa HocTaBJieHU ropra, a BpeMeHHHX'B maianieft b*b 
poit <co6aqbeft chhhh* hah cnpncjioHeHHaro qaarapaKa* He 6ih<k 

4f>T0BKa, ddKM&jiay pa Mpras'B caMoe Beceioe BpCMfl. 3hmoh 
KapraaH B-b TeieHie bocbmh MicaijeBB saByrB Ha oflaoirb iiicri; no- 

HATHO, TTO flapOX'B flOJlHeHB pa3M*CTHTBCa Ml M0SH0 npOCTOpff&e, 

itoGh oeojlo BasAOft shmobkh 6bua aocTaTOiHO ofimHpHfca sopuoBaa 
n:Toma r i.L &aa cKGTa. JI4tomi> BToro hpocropa bt> TaKoft Mipi He Tpe- 
oyeica, 11 na xfrroBKax'B Hapofl* SHBerb 6oa4e chiotohho, ibwb bwloH. 
Ilan-bcTHo, ito aHrraqaHe 3HMy npoBOflarB b*b $aMajn>HHX'& nap- 
K3vi>, a jt&to Bt JIoHflOH*, h codOHi yBeceaeHii, TeaTpora n onepuc 
y HflXL jtLtq, a He sniia, KaK*B na MaTepHKi, — h y EHprHSi bi Tora 
ate pojfc ji^to ecTB cesoHi Hrpi, caaqera h BOHKaro po^a cnopTOBt. 
T\rh yctpaHBamTca 6opb6a, 6ira h pa3HHa flpyria arpn h cocTa3a- 
Hia. M ij ono3#am h yse He sacTajm bthxi Hapo^HMXt pasBJie^eHia. 

Paarap-b jiraefi SH3HH mhhobsuh, ho BceTaKH flo HacToan^aro 
KOHiiia ce3oaa, t. e. jsfl Bo^BopeHia KHprasi vb hx*b shmhhxi xasta- 
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cTaTonKo BpeMeHH, qTo6H HcnuTaTB baoboib bch) npeiocTB npefibiBa- 
ala cpe;;n Hiiqacpxi h CxemaflTb da^B a H3B^aTB «CBir^ H 
rbHn> Eoqesaro o6pa3a «H3hh. 

Eor^a B£i BOABopaeTecB bt» KHprnscKoirB ayjri, npea^e Boero BaM-B 
fipocaeica b-b rxaaa, ^to bm Heoan^aHHO nonajra noA*B Herjiacaufi 
ja.E.iujiK oco6ohho ho^bh). Bh saiai^aeTe, ^rro sa BamnvH ^BHseHiaMa 

BflHiiaTGilbHO CXbflflTb; TOJBKO BH HpHHOAHaiHCB CB M*CTa, JM.Kb y»e 

Bame Kurtpeme ociaBBTB »pTy yra^aHo, cjyra npe^ynpe^HTejiBHo 
npHnoAHHMaeTB saHaBicKy ^Bepefi, buxoahtl bcji4^b sa saMH H3i 
:op vu a lm I'rjQperb 3a Baiia no naTaMi> vb no^THTeiBHOMi pa3CToamH, 
ho n ae nb TaKOMTb fioJibinoM'B, bi KaKOMi bm 6h «ej[ajiH. Bojefl- 
aesojiefi bh ^oi«hh no^^iaHHTBca STOMy Ha^popy, HHa^e Ha Bac-b 
!ia:ra.iyT i- ubia ayjibHHa co6aRH. 

HocTeneaHo bm 3HaK0MHTecB a cb .npyraMa oco6ohhocthmh acH3HH 
cpe^a MnpaHXTb CTfi^B. Bh ayMaeie, qxo HHr^i bh He naftfleTe Ta- 



BTb DPTB ndCI^AHflrO RHPrH3CKArO D^PEBHIA. 71 

Koro 6jaropacTBopeHHaro Bosayxa ho^md, mr^t bh He 6y#eTe saeu- 
naTb cpe^H lasofi thhihhh h 6e3H0Jfii£, Kara bi> RHprascROft naiaiKi, 
ho bh 0fflH6aeTecB. Ha hoto KHprnsH npnroHiiK)TT> CTa^a Kb ayjy; 
OBipi yEjajpiBanTCfl cnaTB nocpeflHHi ayaa, a RopoBH josaTca Kpy- 
roMTb. Kara tojibko CTa.no Bonuo bt> ayra, HaqHHaeTca boshh. 
Texirn cKpHnarB, ©pra xoflyHOM* xoflart, noTOHy *ito ropobh h 

0BIJH HaTEHHaDTB H60aTbCa H TOpeTBCH 06l, HHXT>. PyHHUO K03JIH BCKa- 
KHBaiOTB Wb DpTil, fle6oiHHpaTB, XOJIflTb HO BaiUHMB HOraMB, 6CA& 

oh4 npoTHHyru, h HacTynaDTL Ha Bamy ro*OBy, ocm bh xeauiTe. 
3to BTopseuie leTBepoHornx'B bb sh3hl jnofleft HpoflOMaeTca ao t^xb 
nop**, . noKa cra^a ne yiaryrcfl. Bli chahto bb ©prt hih naaaTKi 
Haqero ho bhahto h tojibko no SByKaicB, soHOcamHMdi #o Ba<7B, ao- 
raAUBaeTecL, tto hpohcxoahtb bh* jopro; TaMB tto-to TpemnrB, bb 
^pyroMB Micri aoMaeTca, bt> /rpeTBeiCB hto-to na^aerB Ha seMjao; enje 
jiaaie seHCKie roaoca bt> ncnyri kphtotb: oft 6a aft! aomaAH npo- 
otaaAH, sta^H Horaua 3a nmypu naaaTKH n o6poHHJra; yroiB ea Ha 
cHAtBniEXB bb naaara* seHn^HH'B. Botb *to-tq MiAHoe 3a3BentJio; 
U3i coct^HeS ©pra pasAaeTca jofipo^yjuHHft roaoci cyjrraHa TlHHra- 
ca: — 9, caMaypHHM'B 6acn Kerra! (axi>, nponaaa roaoByniRa y cauoBa- 
pa!) Oh-b Toace, chah bi ©prt, HH^ero He bhahtb, ho A*a ero' yMCTBeH- 
Haro apiHia ct^hb ho cymecTByerB, h ohb hohajtb, hto tojibko ?to 
cKHntomifi caMOBapB pokobhmb o6pa30MB npamejca Ha nyTH, no ko- 
Topoiiy AOJUKHa 6111a npoflTH KopoBa. 3a sac* BpeiieHH, nona«He 
yierjHCB cTa^a, ohh ycntrorB npmecTH upocTpaHCTBo B03ii »ptb 
BB TaKOe GOCTOflHie, HTO BCHKiS pa3B, epra BaMX cjyqHiocB bhSth 
H3B JOpTH BB T6MH0T6, B03fipan^aflCB Ha3aA^» B£t AOJLXEU CaMBIMB 

BHHMaTejBHMMB o6pa30MB ocMOTp^TB CBOJO o6yBB. HtcKOJBKO npona- 

XOBB, EOTOpiie BH H6H36iSH0 A&JWeTe, BCROpb Y&ks^BJDTb BdCB, 710, 

HaMipeBaacB nocemrBda bb RHpra3CRoft ©prt, bh nociynaTe BfacMBie 
no OTHomemx) kb ea xo3HHHy, ecM ocTaBHTe pyccKyD o6pB h 3a- 
irfeHHTe ee KHprnacKofi, t. e. Ha^HeTe «aqHrH>, ca^BHHOBHe qyjKH 
h cKe6HCH>, KosaHHHH Kajioma. Bxoah bb x>pry, bh MoseTe c6po- 
chtb «ro6hch» ci Horn y nopora, sara 8T0 Aizworb RnprH3H, h 
Tor^a bh cTynaexe na Aoporoft nepcHACKift ROBepi noAomBaHH hhcthx'b 
«HqaroBB», ho pncEya ero 3ana^RaTB. 

HaROHen,B, ciajja yjienncB, ho h Tyn> eme ohh He cobc4mb *yro- 

MOHMHCB. OHH KpaXTHTB, DHXTaTB, CTOHyrB, TOxarorB H H3AaDTB 

pa3HHe Apyrie 3ByKH; KpoMt Toro, bth «a*th npnpoflH» nopTHTB B03- 
AyxB cb HeBMiHaeMOCTBH), npflBO^amei) bi> OTqaaHie. Ecjih noiaHyjiB 
Ho^Hofi lerafi B^TepoKB, bh pa^yeiecB ero upoxjia^i, ho ecia ohb 

TflHeTB CT> TOfi CTOpOHH, BB KOTOpOft pacnOIOffiHJIOCB CTaAO, BH HO 

3HaeTe Ky^a ^iBaTBca. ^homi shbothhh Be^yT^ ce6a caMHiii 6es3a* 

CTfeHqHBHMB o6pa30MTb. To HpHXOi^TCH 3aKHMaTB HOCB, TO 3aKpHBaTB' 

rjia3a. A HHOiyja Hao6oporB — HyaHO CMOTpiTB bi> 06a, noTOMy ^to 
MOaerB cjiyquTtca, qTO HeB^ajieRi ott> Bamefi iopTw KopoBa pa3piv 
ihhtch orb 6peM6HH, bh He aaiitTHTe ponHBuiarocH TeaeHKa, npoCn- 



72 



P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 



paact anno Hero flOMoft, a qaAonctfaBaa poAaieJiBHBija MOxerB cbo- 
hmii porawir ocbo(5oahtb BacL otl BanraxB BHyTpeHHoareft. 

DpocTOflBii aha ABa mh TpH sa AKKaHi-6ypjryE*, ayn Baiaxa- 

HOBBTXB IlJltHjrjICJi X^jAe fla (*BepB, HO A<>POri Ha SHMOBRJ, RB ypo- 

wmy Cep€M6eTB, r^t y cyjrraHa ^HHrnca nocrrpoeHB 6oaBinofi Aepe- 

BflHBHH A03TB. HatfB HpamjOCB ROHOBaTB BtftCTl CB ayJIOMB, H TJTB 

H in, nepBMft pa3B 6jb3R0 no3HaKOMHJca <tb nponeccoirc, KHpnscKa- 
.ro KO'ienaHia, 

JlaKany Hi rotobrh, eme cb yTpa 6buo o6babj[6Ho HaHB, tto saB- 
Tpa M£i KoiyeiTB, ^to BenepoiTB ropra 6y^yro pasofipami, emu ho- 
iveiTii uo;n> otrphthmb HefioMB. Kor^a coraije Haiaao caAHTBea, jiioab 
na.ni roTOBBTB'cfl kb ko^obk*; npes^e Bcero HanaiacB yRjaARa Bemeft bb 
Tertnr. Kor^a.Bci Bema, 3a HCKJiD^eHieirB HeMHornx'B, 6e3B KOTopHXB 

EeiB3H OHIO ofioflTHCB HOIBK), 6BMH yjiOSOHII BB T0JltrH, HORpHTH 

BofijOGaMD n yBasaHH, Ha^ajin CHHMaTB BofijORa cb idptb; BCKopi 
TaMB, nub se^aBso ctohjib ftfejeaBRia nojrymapia, bhahh 6buh tcmbro 
EpacHUH KpyxeBa .AepeBaHHHX'B octobobb ropTB; pa3pymeHie duo 
;ia/iMiie, n ata RpyseBa 6hih pa30(5paBH Ha *iacTH, a Ror^a coJHije 
cAao, ayjiii npeBpaTaaca b*b Ta6op*B. Mh 6hju TenepB Ha kotobomb 
noaoaceHijt. AyjiB nojryqniB, ecaa mohcho TaKB CKa3aTB, ^pyrofl cajiyaTB. 
Ohb «MluTiLica Mome, npaHHJTB 6o*ie npanjrrocHyTHft bhab; nycraa 
terfera ncqesaa, bc* Tejrfjra HanojiHMHCB h cABHHyjacB, ayiB ca*- 
,iaaca njrorate. JKh3hb CTaia 6ojrfce yinHOD; paHie qacTB oraei 

GRpUBaJSHCB 8B »pTaXB, TOHepB CRpHTHX'B OrHOft H6 6lUO, BCfc OHH 

cxaiH aapyaHmra. JboACRia pa3roBopu tojko ho 3arjryinajiHCB (foifte 

CTtHaMHl OHH BOJIHCB Ha OTRpHTOMT* B03<jyx4. AyJB CTaJIB OKHBJieH- 

Hte, noasia rtpa6aBajiocB. 

Mu mjia otb ARRaHB-6ypjiyRa ao CepeM6eTa OAHraaAijaTB AHeii: 
BcraBaiH no yrpaMB paHO, bb 4 qaca,' ao cBtty. Hera fiyuMB o6hk- 
HOB6HH0 cKpanB Teairb. CHaiaaa pa3Aaeica OTA^BHutt crphhb bb 
oabomi KOHt^t CTaHa; sto SHa^arB, oflHy H3B TeitrB noTpeBoanjni cb 
ytlcTd. noiramHJH Bnepe^B hjh saBepHyjrn orjio6jtaMa no nyra; saa- 
'ihtb, xotatb 8anparaTB bb aee 6iiKa; hotoitb TaRoft ae CRpHm> ao- 
aeceTca ibb jtpyroro ROHu;a CTaHa; flpyryR) Tejtry cABanyja cb Mt- 
cra. Hepeat HicKOJiBRo MHHyrB cRpnirtHie HaiHHaeTca bo bc4xb.roh- 

Haxl; OTOBCD^y CJBmiHH Oiyi&tfBHEie, OTpBIBHCTBie CRpHHH cb 6oJEte 

ion Monte npoAOJiafflTejrBHHMH nepepuBaMH. IIpoxoAHTB eme HicKoaBKo 
MErayrb, a bh saMtqaeTe, qTO bt> o^homb KaROMB-TO MicTfe bth otph- 
bhctljc cnpnnH cjthjihcb bb nenpepHBaiomeeca cKpantme, xoth H3b 
Apyrax^ ^acieft ciaaa aeceTca TealuKHaff My3iiKa bb npeaHeirB po,at; 
im jjttHHMaeTe, hto. HtcROJiBRO TejitrB BHTHHyaacB B^ JiHHiH) h noTfl- 
ayjrach bt> aopory-, BMicrt cb yuaieHieirB otb CTaHa CKpanB bthxb 
"Teffkrt craHOBHTca Tame, ho 3a to Ha .npyroMB rohh,4 HaiHHaeTca 
HOBaa aenpepuBHaa apia; eme rpynna TeairB nycTHJiaoB bb xoab. 
r^t-TO bb oTAaaeHia 3a pomea aaqajiacB TaKaa se cRpanyqaa apia, 
EoTOpym eisa cjiHniao; bto noTaayjacB Tejrtra B3B ayjioBB AjiBA»a- 



Kb joptb nocMtfraro KHPrE3CRAro h;apebe*u. 73 

HOBijeBV hjh HeneeBi^eFB, t. e. H3i» ayaora raeMHEHHKOB'b cyjuaHa 
^HHrnca, flfrreft ero 6paTB6B , B Ara^sasa e Hene, ayjiu KOTopuxi 
croaiH ota^jibho orb ayaa ^HHrnca. Bee eme tbmho, paacBirt eme 
Be Ha^tHHaiGfl, a yse Bee npoCTpaHCTBO orjamaeTca CKpaaoMX Te- 
jrfcrb, toiho bt> ho^hohi Ee64 coBepmaeTca nepeaerb hohhhx*l 
nTHijx; bu nponoMEHaexe H3t CaoBa o nojKy HropeBt: csacKpEnira 
TeairB noJ[OB6n;Kiff, pijH jefieflB bo noiyHomE*. ^BHraiomiaca tojiob*- 
^ecsifl <j>Brypn bh^hli tojllko Ha Sjihbkom'l pa3CTQsniE; KOHTypa 
OKpyaaiomeii cram, pon^n He BHfffcaaroTca Ha Teimoirb $oh& He6a. 
• Ho Bort, nosa^H pomn ofipasyeTca CiaoBaTHft ,$offb; HaqflHaeTCH 
pa3CBirb; TtHB c6iraerb ci> oeiiHoft noBepxHocTH h 6hctpo oTCTy- 
naerb B^ajib. CHa^aia mr. pasjuraaeirb noApo6HOOTH tojbko BHyTpH 
Hamdro daHa, a noroirb cTaHOBHTca flOCTynEHME aptEiio h flaibHie 
niaHH. Ha Hameui> ciaHi ocTamcb tojibeo nocjrtflEia raairn, Ha ko- 
yoptia ToponflTca cjosETb Harna nocTera, qacTB Hamax-L HM&poBHSHpo- 
BasHLixx naiaTOSt h nocyay, KOTopaa cjysHja HaMi> npn Biepam- 
HeS nocjii^Hefi Tpanesi, ^a ocTajrca eme Tapanracb, Bt soTopoiti no- 
hjjprb cyjreara Hbetbct* orb 6afi6B*e e flByMH BHyqEaME, fffcBEn;aiiB 
HayKofiaft h TyMa. 

npoCTpaHCTBO Bnepe^H Hamero CTana yciaEO pajjai£E flBEtfymExca 
Tejrfcrb; nepe^ma Tejira yse BUTHHyjiflCB bt> o^ay jehud h Bflyrb no 
floport, ho 8to He caMue nepe^me pa^u; rfexx, KOHerao, yse He 
BE^aib: ohe cKpHJHCb 8a HepoBHocTHEE ho^bh e sa 6epe30BUME po- 
maMn. Camie 3a#Bie paflii eme He bhuuie na jjopory;, ohe Bpaa- 
fipo^b THHyTCH e cnpaBa, e caiBa, Kara pyqbE ra o6meuy pyoay. 

Tara, vjijb 6bme pacsHHyTu arana AabasaHOBijeB'b h HeneeBijeBi, 
be^hm tojibro sy^KH oc4,paHHHX'b aoraafleft h KonoraamEXca okojio 
hex* ntmexoAOB'L. Ha samem* daHi Toace roTOBtia aoinaAH ctoetb 
CBH3aHHHE e sayrb ciflOKOBTb. Mh s^eM* nepBaro coaHeiHaro ayia. 
KoKynn> ct> ^Bywa accHCTeHTaMH 6y,nen» coBepmaTb Ha pasocTJEaHHux'b 
sa aeMjrfe xaiaian yTpesHifl HaMa3i. 

JIomaAE, KOTopLia nofi^yrb cero^Ha no^ cfefljoM'L, Bci nepejOB- 
2eHu; Ta6yHi» dOHrb chokoSho, tohho Tflseiaa ^epHaa Macca jiesETB 
Ha 36mj4; ho botx 8Ta Macca Aporayaa, ^BEHyjiacb BCirfwb sa Tejt- 
raEE, jtoHiaAE saxpanfon e sa^upRajE, ^sa nactyxa, Kara ABa MaaT- 
HBEa, saMOTajHCb no3a#E saAHEXi pa^OBt, e Ta6yHi» toko Haqaa^ 
<yAaaflTbCfl. TpoHyjncb e TapaHTacH ct KBpra3CKHMH a&m&me; jternoi 
Phcijoh AoroEHDT'b oee sapaBaHi e neperoHaK)TL ero. 

Ho ozopqaHiH HaHasa mm, HOMHorie ocTaBmieca orb KapaBaHa, 
caAEMCE Ha Jioma^eS. Cymwb ^Hfiracx, Kara a yse cKasajrb, He 
CMOipa sa cboe 85 juirb, Bee eme Koiyerb BepxoEi> sa lonia^E, ho 
na erorb pasi* ohi> cfejix bx TapaHTaci, a cfioero kohh h cboo ci^o 
H3i> jiH)6e3H0CTH ycTynHra mh*; SLRj&b Tose dure B*b TapaHTacb, a 
cfcfljo cBoe ycTynnra MoeMy TOBapnmy r. CyjnaHii-ra3HBy. MoS kohb 

6UJTb GJMUlft, KpaCHBHli, caMllfi BMCOKifl BO BCeMT> Ta6yHt, Cb EHrKOfi, 

jacKaromefi, RaKt MejEO^iH, noxo^KOH. Bi^a 6uJia tojbko bi tom-l, 



1 



74 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

qTO flpH MaiOHlKOtfl M06M* pOCT* MKfc 6lUO Tpy#HO CaflHTBCS Ha Ta- 

RyD bhcokjk) lomaAB. fl He Mon> ofoftTHCB 6e3i> nocropoHHeft ne- 
moiuh; MHt npnxoAHJiocB qjTB He BHffle Moero TeMeHH noAHHMaTb 
cbok) Hory, qT06M BCTaBBTB hocokt» efl bt> cTpewa, npnqeMi), ecin6 i B 
Hst ne noMoraiH, a ynan 6h HaB3HHii> npesae, *riur& ba4to Hory. 
noMonua MHi TaRHKi o6pa30M'L: npea^e Bcero noflnnpaiH mh4 mao- 

HHMH CDHHy, a HOTOITB 6paiH MOD HOrj H BCOBHBAJH 66 BT> CTp6HH. 

Kofleqao, B3rpoM03AHBnnicB Ha BHcoRaro rohh, a vb Teienie nepe- 
xo#a qjBCTBOBai'B cetia (Sesnouon^Hiui'B; npn ApyrHxi ycioBiaxt a vl 
oxoTOtt oTRasaica 6u otb ta^H Ha Tanofi 6anm4, ho bt> 8tomt> ciy- 
qa* 6wjo 6h 6esTasTHO npocnTB o CKbHi JiomaAH: bto 8Ha?«o 6u 
He on,*HHTL, KaKt cji/tyerB, JcaoRy xosaHHa, KOTopufl m6hh nosaxo- 
Bara cotioTBeHHUMt K0H6MI. fla Rpoirk Toro, 43Aa Ha TaKOMT> qy^ec- 
HOVb KOflt HMiia 6ojn>myH) npejrecTB, — OHa BrauBaja bt, ciAORi cno- 
KOflHoe HacTpoeHie. 

KoKynn» 6irab HaqaiBHZR^ Hamero ABHHeHia, ROJOHOBoaamft, 
ijeHTpaiLHafl $Hrypa KoqeBKH. Bo Bpeiia nyra r*b Heny noAifesaM 

pO^CTBeHHHKH, HJieMflHHHKH CyJITaHa ^HHTHCa, 3AOpOBaiHCB H fcxaJIH 

pfl^oMt, cocTaBJUifl ero CBHTy. MHorie H8T> qjeHOBi> btoA cbhtu BeuH 
Ha pyRaxi jiobhhx'b corojiob'b h acTpe6oBT». Bcer^a kt> btoJI soimaHiH 
npHcoe^HHfljca TaR*e nyjua, boah bt> noBOAy JromaAB, Ha Roropoft 
b% AiTCROH'B ocofiaro ycrpOHCTBa c4a** ixajTB ero naTMiTHift chhi, 
IipHBfl3aHHHfi kt> c*A*y. 

Ayjn» ^BHraiofl bi TaROMt nopaAR*: no Aoport hjlh baojtb en no 
ct6hh mJLH TeairH, 3anpaseHHHa 6iiRaMH, h TapaHTacu, sanpaseH- 
Hue JioznaABMH. Bj4bo otb 0603a m*H jioniaAH, BnpaBO — 6apaHu. 
HaKOHeu'L, HefiojLLinott $pohtb H3t BcaAHHROB* cb KoRyinevB bo oaBt 
Aepataaca ih6o BupaBO, m6o bjAbo otb 0603a. 

CoBpeueHHaa RapTHHa rotobrh ho ^aerL noHaria toitb, Rasx 
KO^eBaJH 3^inHie RHprHBU npes^e, Kor^a bx wkmnex'b Rpai RHp- 
rn3u ^epsajiH sepfijiiOAOB'B. Mrb ABawaTB RaRi> bto shbothoo s^cb 
yxe He pa3BOflan>. Bt> nepio^t BepfiinAOBOACTBa fiarasi nepeB03HJca 
o6hkhobghho Ha BepfiiD^axi; Ha 6uKaxi> nepeB03HJiH tojebro KyxoH- 
Hyn nocy^y. Bbdrh Ha BepCjuo^ax-L noRpHBajra ROBpaun. KajK^yio 

GBASKy H3T> G6HH HJH BOCBHH BOp(5j[H)AOB > B BOJia 06URH0B6HH0 HOJIO- 

Aaa saMysHHH aceHmHHa bi> «coyROJie», t. e. b*b BUcoROd ocTpono- 
HeqHofi miani, y6paHHOft cepe6poin>, MapacanoMX h seHqyrovB. Bcb 
AiBHijH ixajiH BepxoMi Ha-pa^y cb A»arHTaMH. KoqeBKa 6uja Ha- 
pa^Hie h TOina Boa^HHKOBi> 6mra MHoroqncjieHH'fee. Tenept fiyiecRy HHoro 
y6aBHJOCB. Burh, HAyniie b*b orjxo6iaxi>, ^aieno He TaRt Beiaqe- 

CTB6HHN, RaR*B B6p6jK)AbI. 

HHTepecHO, ^to, xoth choco&b nepeABHaema cymecTBeflHo H3Mt- 
HHJicfl, pojl seHn^HHu ocTajacB npesHHH; npeacAe OHa KoqeBaia npn 
6araHfb, n TenepB Tose npn Garaaci; tojlko npex^e OHa txaja Bep* 
xoutb Ha JomaAH n Baia Bep6jnoAOBx; TenepB OHa ch^hti> Ha K03jaxt 
n npaBHTb CtiKOMt, 3th «eHn^HHU t chabiiUh Ha B03aXT>, CB rojo- 



BB IOPTB ffOCMAHflrO EHPrE3CRArO H^PEBH^A. 75 

BaMH, DOXpilTUMH 6&OIME <A*aBiyKaME», npE^amrB OpHTHHaABEHit 
BBAB KHprHSOKOMJ 0603y. Bb 0C066HH0CTE CTpaHHO BHX&Tb, qTO E Ha 

Kosaaxfe TapaHTacoBi, ra kotophxb nepeKoieBHBaiorB KHprESCKia 

#aMH, T0S6 CEftflTB KBpri3EH BB <S4jHXB A*aBjyKaxB fl npaBflTB 

TpoftKaMH jomaAeft. Kor.ua Cettb E3MtaaeTcii, HepiflKo HiKOTopiie Ma- 
HepH e $acoHH ocTaDTca npfl hobhxb (j^opMaxt 6uTa, xoTfl cynje- 
CTBOBasie exb He onpaBAHBae*rca noTpe6HOCTEMH; Tara, pe3HH0Btia 
Kaaonra no?eMy-TO A*aaiDTCji ob jxoshhmh paffraMH, Kara 6jrto m-b 
no^paacaHia KajromaMt ebb kose. , 

HoABflraflCB TaKEMi o(5pa80MB ra oiBepy, mh, HaK0H6i{B, noAomnH 
6ie8ko ra jpoiHn^ CepeM6eTB. OcraBaaocB BepctB naTsa^aTB ejee ceM- 
HajwaTB ;i;o AOMa, bb kotopomb cyjuaHi npoBOflBTB 3BMy. TyrB Ba- 
jmxaHOBH ctootb Micai**, ^to6h He BHTpaBHTL npe»A6BpeMeHH0 KopMa 
orojeo CepekfieTa. Hpeac^e ayra oyjreaHa ^Esrsca npExoAflra Ha 8to 
ypoqnpe no3se; cb xa&AHMfc roAOMB, Kara s Bci Apyrie KEpmcKie 
ayjna, BajiHxaHOBti HaEEHaBTB epexoabtb Ha SHMOBKy panie, *ito6h 
He ynycTETB c*H0K0CB0e BpeME. Hpe^e, Kor^a KH$rfl3H ho kocejie 
ctaa, hmb H63a?birB 6uzo topoebtbce Ha semobkb; ohh mome AOJrBme 
ocTaBaTbCfl sa »rt, Ha oTenuixx KopMaxB,— Aa e camua jtIjtobkh 
6bue Tor^a H>sHie. TenepB <tb KaaAHMt roAOMB e pasoToame Me«Ay 
jrbTOBKofi e semobkoS coKpamaeTCfl, h yMOEBmaeTCE TaKse CTenHoft 

Ce30HB. 

Jlpa. 3a Asa hjh 3a Tpn ao npsxoAa Ha CepeMtfeTB BajnixaEOB- 
cKie ayjw cTajiH yfiHBaTB; HapoAB CTaaB yxoAETB Ha c*BepB, 6jiH»e 
ra sEMOBKaM'B, okoio kotophxb paonoaoaeHH ctaoKOCHHe iyra; Kor- 
Aa-»e M£i odaHOBHJHCB sa nocjrbAHioK) ctohhkjt, Ha APyrofi aohb 
bb namem ayjrfc ocTaracB oaee tojibko Tps fiapcKia »pra; ocTajBHNa 
DpTs e maaainn cb exb Tarbraus ymaB sa c&hokoch. 

Ha DTOt CTOflHSt a II03HaK0MHJICH CB OCTaJBHHMH AByMfl CHHO- 

bbamh cyjnaHa ?EHrnca. Oaehb esb hexb Maxsiy^x; ero ayra oqy- 
TEJica otb Hafflero ayja bb padCTOflHis He 6oiite qeTBepTE BepcTu. 
A- CA*Jiajn> euy bhshtb, e mu eotomb o^eHB tocto bea'&iegb. Msi 
6ujio oqeHB npiaTHo cb hehb no3EaKOMETBca, TaKB Kara ohb npe- 
KpacHO roBopETB nopyccKE. CyjiTaH'B MaxMyAB boh^ejib KypcB, Kara 
e HoKaHB, bb KaAeTCKOMB Kopnyci, yqHjca EOTOMB HOMHOrO BB Ile- 
Tepoyprfe, cJiysnjiB b% BoeHEofi cjiysfii, ^ocayacHBinHCB ao HHHa no- 
pyiEKa, BHEieaB bb OTCTaBKy e TenepB »eb6Tb bb CTenB, KO^yerB " 
e 3aHHMaeTca cojibckeeb xo8e8ctbomb; he oaeeb E3t BajiExaEOBBixB 
ne HMtert TaKoft fioJDtBmoft nafflHH, KaKi> ohb. 

T h06u EOSHaKOMETBCflCBApyrEMB 6paT0UB, MaK6, fl A0IS6EB 6uib 

cb4&ahtb bb GepeH6eTB. MaK6 EKHtmHEMB jr&Tora oTKasajicfl Koqe- 
BaTB e Bee jrfrro npoBejrB Ha 3EM0BKt. Kara tojibko mm npzuiJiH Ha 
noc^AHioio CToasKy, y HacB HaqajHCB laoTua cHomeHia ob Cepen- 
6eTeMi,; JUDAH E8B Hamero ayjia CTain ^saetb bb CepeM6eTB, xetojih 
CepeM6eTE npifeacajra kb HaM*B. MaKe a^bho yxe 3aKa3HBajn> cRasaTB, 
hto osb SA6TB M6HE. JlKy6B npnrjiacH.i'B neHfl noixaTB CB HEMB 



76 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

mi i fii y k mh CoiBmoft KOMnameft Bepxom> Ha jroma.nax'B OTnpaBMHCB 
B*B TOCTH kt> Man6. 

BxaaH hotte bc» aopory Mea^y tfepesoBHMH pomaMH, to -no* Tfc- 
HHCTog awe* BHyTps pomn, to no nporajraH* Messy pomaMH. Ha 
rr ] > riturHax'B 6mo yae HacTaBaeHO MHoro doroB-B HaRomeHHaro ctaa. 
To BripaBO, to bji4bo orb flopora 6hm bhkhh 'RHprH3CRia yca^Bfiw 
hju 3hmobkh. Mh He yccriura enje BKrfexaTB H3* tfepesoBHX'B ponn>, 
nun- nasi BepniHHaMH 6epe3x noEasajacB aerroBaTO-cipaa Bepxymsa 
ropa CepeMfieTB. 

BepesoBHa ponjH BApyrc o6pi3aiHCB, h mh BHixajin Ha cyxyD 
cTeab, KOTopaa o6pa3yerB nofloniBy CepeMfiera. Topa nepers* mmh 
BO B6Ct pOCTB 0TB BepiHHHH flO noflomBH. Mh BBitsxaeiTB Ha EdP- 
Kyio-TO yKaTaHHyro flopory, no ROTopoft, oqeBHflHO, He Maio npoixaxo 
xejrtrB h TapaHTacoBi). 8to aopora est* HpicHOBCRofi craHHipi, ro- 
xopaa laxoAHTCH Ha Ka3a%efi jhhIh oeoio ropo^a KypraHa, bt> r6- 
Pojvb ATfiacapi, Jieaamitt b-b ijenrpi KnprH3CKo& arena. Ho btoB 
Aoport mh fiHCTpo flOMqaaHCB ao yca^fin cyjrraHa TlHHrnca, pacno- 
;i> meHHoft noA'B 3anatfHHMi> mhcom*b ropn Cepev6eTB. 

YcaABfia cyjrraHa ^nnrnca coctohtb hs-b 6oiBmoro 6apcBaro flOMa 
cb ipeHH $iHrei«MH, aM6apaMH h MeqeTBH). Bb raaBHOMB j^oai shmoA 
ii'^it maeTca caM«B cyjrraffB ^HHrncB cb ceMBeft Mia^maro ctina Ko- 
Kyma,Bo$rarejnHX'b — MaRe, pa3Be,neHHaH aeaa JlRy6a cb ero ;$tbmh 
(GuBrnafl CHa^aia aeHOE) Hosana) h Myjwa. Yc^B6a paenoaoaeHa 
na oTKpHTofl njiomaflR*, naA'B KOTopoft cb BOCTOKa Bd3BHinaeTck ropa 
teposreeTL, noKpHTaa na BTOft cTopoHt cochobhm'b jl4comi», cb 3ana$a 
6ojibui&h 6epe30Baa poma OT^tjuierB yca#B6y otb fiojiBinoro 03epa, 
iD.iu ROToparo bhahh Meaay crBOJiaMH Cepes*. 

Mase BepxoMx Ha jiomaflH BufcxajrB Kb HaMx na Bcrpiqy. Ero 
K>pia croajia b*b h4<*ojibrhx'b caaenaxx otb yca^B6H, Ha oRpaHH* 6e- 
pesoBoS ponjH. Mane nojcyqnjrB oSpasoBame B"b mROjrt nyxoHiMHX'B 
b^ Ilerep6ypri, HaTopoxoBoft yjmi^i (oh-b rjyxoHtMoft), noTOM'B.cjiy- 
shjix bi pa3HHXi> Kani^ejiHpiax'B bi IIeTep6yprt h OMCKi, (B^IIe- 
Tepoyprb npoGBWB Bcero o,nHHHaflu;aTB Ji4rB) 1 TaK , B ^lto mi bc^xt, ch- 
HOBeii cyjrraHa ^Hnrnca bto 6um> caMHft oSpycfciHS. Mh* rosopMH, 
qro t Korsa ohi nafeaaerB 3hmoS bb KoKieTaB-B, bx pyccROMi Riy6'i 
ero npnHHMaDTB, EaRB npiHTsaro tocth; ero juo6hti> TaM*B sa ero 
•.•OmuTeiBHHft xapaRTepi n raJiaHmoe odpan^eme. Ki> coaaitmro, h 

He BJia^iK) HCRyCCTBOM'B rOBOpHTB 3HftKaMH CB TJiyXOHiMHMH H HOTOMy 

ee siorb 6iiHae coAthcb cb Mane, ho Rorjja a 4xajn» H3i KoRsexaBa 
pa3ucEflBaTB ayji'B BajrHxaHOBHXT), a ayMajTB, ^lto ocjih a cb RiM* 
ir^ 'leTHpexii aHBHXx fipaTbeBi saBeay Han6oJiie OTRpoBeHHHa cjBa3n, 
to niaeHHo cb MaRe. 

Mane He.a.aBHO obaob£jtb h aeHHica bhobb. Otb npeaHefl aeHH 
y eero ocTajincB xopomeHBRaa ^o^Ra h ,a;Ba MaiB^HRa. HoBaa aena, 
TaiapKa H3B ropo.ua HeiponaBJiOBCRa mh, Raaeica, RHprH3Ra, ho 
Bupocmaa b*b HeiponaBjiOBCRi; RaaeTca OTe^. ea, Raprasii, noce- 



B?> »PT* nOCJtBflHHTO RftPrH3CRATO IJAPEBH1A. 77 

♦ 

jjHBmiflca vb neTponaBJOBCK* h OTaTapHBmiftca> KnpritfRH He npa- 
^yTCflorB ujwmwb b ho 8aRpHBa»TB mija, a aena MaEe BceBpeiin, 
noKa Mil »hjeh bt> ero roprfe, He BHXOflBaa asi-aa 3aHaBicKH. Hnor^a 
Mase OTAeprHBajrb saHaBicRy, *to6h noxBacraTBca Hani ea RpacoToio, 
ho OHa CHOBa ee safleprHBaira. 

Bi> ropri MaKe mh npoBera cyTRH- h BepHyancB b*b ayjrt cyxraHa 

HHHTflCa. 

. ypoHHnie CepeiiCeTB 6hjo noaaioBtao Maiepp cyjreaHa HuHrnca, 
xaHBint AfixaHHM-B, BToppfi TRewb nocaiAHHro RnpmcRaro xaHa Bara, 
no HHeHH KOToparo 2 cepearfeieBCKie nOMimHRH Ha3HBai>TCH Bajin- 

XaHOBHHH. B*B aaJOBaHHOlTB AOKytfeHTi 6iMO CKasaHO, 1TO 36MJIfl 8Td 

OT^aeTca bt, 6e3cnopHoe no*B30BaHie xaHBnrfc AfixamaMB cb en no- 
tomctbomi> h poftaMH ATa^aft h Rapayjfb. BnocfliflCTBiH bto «6e3cnop- 
Hoe» Baa^ime caMa a^MHHHCTpai^ifl crajia ocnapraaTB y BaMxaHo-. 
bhxt,. Bjafltaipi semra, nojiB30BaBinieefl en fiojrfee nojycmriiTiH, 

npHBHKJH CMOTp^TB Ha H66, KaKt Ha co6ctb6hhoctb; HtCTHaH a#MH- 
HHCTpai^iH TOJTBRO B* H08,HHiflinee BpeMfl (Ka»eTCH, BT> meCTH^CHTHX'B 

rojiaxB) B3^yMajia oficyaHTB, RaR-B noHHHaTB noseMeaBHHH npaBa ce- 
peHfieTOBi^eB^, h pfcnreja, hto ohh ne co6cTBeHHHKH, a tojtbro hm4- 
lomie ypoHHme CepenfieTB bo BpeveHHOHi> nojBBOBaHin. 

IIoacajoBaflie 36mjh bt, 6e3cnopHoe noiBSOBame xaHCROft comb* 
6hjo cflfoaHO b*b pa3cqer6 Ha ycoyrz Poccin, Roropna oanfla-. 

JIHOB OTB XaHCKOft C6MBH, H Bt CaMOlTB fffcrfl, eflBa Jtf MOXeTB 6NTB 

Ha3BaHa KaKaa-HsfiyAB apyraa RHprH3CRatf coubh, ROTopaa naTaaa 611 
Ta*ia jipysecTOeHHNfl ^yBCTBa rb pyccKHMB, xaKt combh cyjreaHa 
^HHTHca. Cam, ^HHrncB BajueBH*rB ofiy^aaca b-b pyccRoft mRoat nepe- 
boahhrob'b bx Omce4 h, car&AOBaTejBHO, cb fffcrcrBa npHBHR* r*b pyc- 
crhm , b; BnociiACTBiH, Ror.ua ofb cjiyaHjrB, ynpaMHJTB KynmypyH- 

CRHM'B ORpyrOMB H 3aHHMaJTB flOJUKHOCTB HpeflOTaBHTeJIH OTB RHprB3- 

CKaro Hapofla npn oCaacTHoirB npaBaeHia bt> Omcr*, ohb nocioflHHO 

BBJIT) ^pys6y CB CaHHMH HHTOJUIHreHTHBmH pyCCRHMH ^HHOBHHRaMH 

b*b OmcrI, ROTopnft- 6uA'b i^eHTpoifB ynpaBiems crenBK), — CHaqaja cb 

qflHOBHHKOM'L COTHHKOBHM'B, H0T01TB CB ftOlfaMH ryTROBCRarO H Kany- 

cTHHa. Cothhrob'b, opieHTajrHCTB h3*b RasaHCRaro yHHBepOHTOTa, BJH)- 
6njca bt> RHprnscRift Hapo^B^ Rax^oe JitTO oht> npitesajrB bt> ayji> 
cyjrraHa ^HHrnca h b% Teqeflie HicaoJBRHX'B ubcajifiB'b RO^eBaxB 
bm4ct* cb hhm^ no RymMypyHCRony ORpyry, sbutb b-b RHprascRott 
ropTi h o^Baica no RHprascRH-, no ero-TO coBiiy HHHracB Baiie- 
bhh*b oTflajrB cBoero BToporo CHHa HoRana ywTBca bi Ra^eTCRift 
ROpnycB b*b Omcr4. CeMeficraa KanycTHHHX-B h ryTROBCRHxi, cocto- 

HBniHX'B Bt fijESROHl pO^CTfii MeSC^y G060H), 6LUIH H,eHTpOM r £> OMCROfl 
HHTeJIHreHEUH: bt> 8THX% AOMax*B co6HpaincB o6pa30BaHHHe ?HHOB- 
*hhrh h Mojio^He o$HijepH; Tyn> MoacHo 6hjto BCTpiTHTB o$Hijepa 
* reHepaJiBHaro nrra6a, xyAOXHBRa hjih qnHOBHHRa JiHTepaTopa, yqeHaro 
nyremecTBeHHERa, 3a4xaBmaro b*b Omcr^ no ^opori b% D|eHTpajiBHyK) 
AsiiD, mh no9Ta, oqyTHBinarocfl 3^4cb b^ Ra^ecTBi <HeBOJiLHafo crpaH- 



78 PyGCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

BHsa>. HoKa?*, chb5> cyiTana ^HHrnca, 6wn> npHHHTB yb oeireft- 

CTBi FyTKOBCKHXT,, KaKT> pO^HOfi CBIHT>, H 8T0 TM&XQ TBS1SL XLOCjAjlr 

cTBia, KaKi 6yaTO ABa Aona, oahhb pyccrift, ryraoBCEHX'B, h ipyroft 
KHprHBCKift, BaJTHXaHOBHXt, nopoAHHJHCB Mos^y co6od. KpoMt Ho- 
KaHa, cyjnaHi> ^Hrnct a*** pyccKoe ofipasoBame eme jspywb cbo- 
hmt> cbIhobbjim'b — MaxMyAy h Mase; crapmift cuht> Shzy&b Be yraxca 
bt> pyccKoft inEOjrb, ho oh*b rOBoperB no-pyccEH, caysmrB Ha BBrtfop- 

HHXT> AOJSHOCTHX'B H T0JK6 AO H3B4CTH0H CT6n6HH 06pyc6jrB; TOJBEO 

oahht, KoKynn, ocraaca He saTpoHyTBin pjccehitb BiiHHieirB*. Cjto- 

BOMTB, BaJBHXaHOBH OAHO B3T> CaMHXT> pyceH^HJjHpOBaHHBEX'B RHprHB- 

crhxi ceMeBcTBi. K-b nepeiHCjeMHirB iienairB 8Toro #OMa HysHO 
eme npncoeAHHHTB Mycy HopiiaHOBa, a«A» HoEaHa no naTepn, t. e. 
6paTa nepBoft xeHH cy*TaHa HHHrnca. Myca HopvaHOBi, TenepB yse 
.yMepmift, hoao6ho cyjreaHy TlHHracy, Aoaro coctohjtb Ha pyccsofi 
cjiyx6i, to KaKi> ynpaBffreaB ntaaro KHprHSCnaro OEpyra (6agffB- 
ayibcsaro), to nasi npe^CTaBHTen otb EHpraacEaro Hapoxa npn 

OMCKOMX OfaaCTHOlTB npaBjieHiH. Oh-b 6h« HSBtCTeffB Vb 0MCE4, 
KaR*B qeJIOBtKX BpOSAOHHarO yHa H 3HaT0KT> EHprH3CE0fl SKH3HH. B% 

TeqeHie ho MeHie nojyBiKa OMCRaa aAMHHHcrpaipfl nojBSOBaaacB co- 
BtoaMH h BJUflHieiTB na CTenHoe Haceieme bthxb Tpex* rani: cyi- 
TaHa HHHrHoa, ero CHHa HosaHa h ero cBOHEa MycH ^opMaHOfia, 
KaKi> caMHxi CB^ynn^HX'B bt> cTenHuxi odniaax'B iDAeft. Bx ap*H- ^ 
BaXT> OMCEHXV EaHBieJWpifr, BipOflTHO, HatAeTOfl He Maio TpaETaTOBi * 
H 3anHC0KT> Q KHprH3CR0M'L XOSflflCTBt HIE KHprH3CEHXX Cy^eCHHXX 

nopBAKaxi h t. n., hjlh cocTaBieHHUX'B HosaHOirB no co6paHHHW> 

HM* MTOO AaHHHM'L, HJIH HanHCaHHHXB HOffB AHETOBEy MyCH HJLH 

cyiTaHa HHHraca. Ob oahoS cTopoHH, menu cexe&OTBa BauxaHOBa 

6UJLH HeSaiTfeHHMHMH HOMOntHHEaMH IffcCTHHX'B aAMHHHCTpaTOpOB-b B*B 

ynpaBjemn o6*acTBiD, cb Apyrofl — npHMipi» BToro ceMeftcTBa, npe^aH- 
Haro pyccsHMi HHTepecaMX, ho ocxasajicH 6e3i, BiiflHifl Ha BepxHift 
EJiaccB cTenHoro Haceaemfl, Ha EiaccB cyjnaHOBi>, CieBi h 6oraTHxi» 
jiBo^efi. OooCeHHo ace BJiiflTejieHi 6ujtb a^^ ctohh Hpniiip'B ^osana 
BajHxaHOBa. 9to 6hj^ He6iiBajiuft <J>eHOMeHi> — sHprHSCEift DHoma, 
o^Bi^epi, npoHaAieacaBinifi e% CBH-rt reHepai'L-ry6epHaTopa 1 npHHa- 
Tblft BT> BUCffleMI, Epyry Bt MtCTHOft ctojbd,* Omce£, Majo Toro, 
nojB3QBaBmificii Bt MtcTHoirB pyccKOMt o6mecTBi penyraijieft ^e- 
lOBtKa cb 6jiecTflmBMH yMCTBeHHWMH cnoco^HOCTflMH h cb fixaropoA* 
HitafB HanpaBjreHienT» MucjietL HoKaai npHAaji. Tasoft CiiecEt HMeHH 
BajiHxaaoBuxi,, qTO Apyrie BajruxaHHAU, ho HasuBaBmiecH Bajinxa- 
HOBhiifH, noiyqHBinie cboh ^eMRJihEua. npo3BHma He no HMeHH xaHa 
Bajin, a no HMeHaMi ero cbehoboS, crasH noToiii Ao6HBaTBCH savbHu 

HX1> HerpOMEHX'B (faMBJlifi CJiaBHBIM'B HMeHeiTB BaJIHXaHOBKIX'B. Bt> 

cpeAt 6ji««aHinHxi> poACTBeHBHEOB^ HoEana naM£TB o Hem xpaHHTca v 
KaKB AOopoiTB ceMeflHOM-B remH. H TenepB eme lyBCTByerca Ay- # 
xoB^oe HacjrfeACTBO, ocraBJieHHoe HoEanoirB b*b poAHOfi comb*; obtb 
noKa3ajn» hm'Bj Easoro TOHRaro cyABH) qejoBiqeoKHxi nocTynEOBt 



. BT> DPTB IIOCJH&flHHrO KHPrH3CKArO IJAPEBHqA. 79 

BupaCaTBreaerb eBponeficsaa RyaBTypa. ^oRaffB 6hjtb RnprHBCRift 
naTpiort, ho bt> to se Bpena bto 6ujtl h naTpiorb pyccKifi, h ecan 
6h h8*b KHprHSCKaro Hapo.ua 6h*o BHSBaHO nofioaie HoRaHOBt, cbhbh 
Tofl ^acTH RHprHscnaro Hapofla, KOTopaa sanpaBaaenb RHprHSORoio 
SB8HBK), c* pyccKHMt o6mecTBOMi> 6hjh 6h npoHF&e. Ecan bt> cpejcl 
EHprnsoBi h HaflAyToa junja, ROTopira Moryn» 6iiTb nocTaBJieH^i, no 
ex*b sacjyraMi, pyccRoft schbhh, paflomb <r& CTapmnMH HJieHaus ce- 
MeScTBa BaiExaHOBHX'B, ct> cyjrraHOM-L ^HHracomb hah Mycoft Hop- 

MaHOBHM'L, TO H6 HaftfleTCa HE OflHOrO, 3a ROTOpHlTB B03H08H0 6bIJI0 . 

6h npHSHaTb 3Ha*eHie, paBHoe c& HoRaHom. 

TaRoe o6mecTB6HHoe Bsaqeme cepeudereBCRHXi BiafffcjiMjeB'B ycao*- 
HfleTB jpfcmenie cepeii6eTeBCRaro Boupoca. IlycTB BaiHxaHOBH yace 
6e3noje3HH jjjia pyccKHXt niieft, Bee se pimeiue Bonpoca o 36M< 
jiaxi Cepen6eT6BCRaro ypoinnja CyaeTB hm*tl sHaieme ao6paro hjh 
aypnoro npen;e^eHTa julz RHpraBi bs> Cy^ymeMi,. 

no36H6JrBHSfl oTHoraeHia yporama CepeM6eTL vl nacToameMt rnxb 
BH#fc aobojbho crpaHHu h sanyraHH. 8to ho co6otb6hhoctb, ho h He 
o6mHHHaa seiiifl. Ypo^mme Haxoprrca bi» noiBsoBaHin y Tpext Eiac- 
coBt jD^eft; Ha Heir& chahtb, bo 1-xt, cyjrraHCKia #4th, chhobbh, 
BHyRH h njievflHHHRH cyjrrana ^aaraca; bo 2-xi>, 6uBmie TrojieHrynj, 
t. e. 6fciBnrie hxt> pa6a mh Rpinocraue, h bi» 3-xt>, cBotfoflinie mjyL 
poftOBfe ATarafi h Kapayii; Bcero, RaseTOfl, flo mnnjuec&m 0Tfliu[LHHXT> 
xosflftoTB'B. He to 8to ofimHHHaa aewa, Haxoaamaaca bi noiBsoBaniH 

06mHHH, BTb COOTaBl ROTOpoft, BOHpORH o6H1HOMy HOpaflRy, BXOAflTL H 

cynaHCKia j^th, t. e. flBopane, hto-to bt> pon* boocociobhoA bojtocth, 
ho to noiricTBe, Ryxa noirfemHROiab npnnymeHH h npocrae judjw. He 
SHan, ecTb-JH bt> RaprracRoft crenH eme apyroft yqacroR'b bt> TaKHxt 
ace' ycjOBiax-B nojBBOBaHia. 

OTHomeniH era ywroaouaaoTca eme rtirB, tto oahvb 18% CMHOBeft 
' cynaHa HuHraca, MaxMy^t, no oorjameHiD ct> ^pyrHMH cepeM6eieB- 
I^aMH, BUA^HICH, H bt> e ro noJB80BaHie BupteaHT> 0C06Hfi y^aCTOKT) 
somjeh; KpoMt Toro, oMCRafl aAMHHHCTpai^H, BipH*&e 6iiBmiS reHepaiT>- 
ryCepHaTopt KomaKOBCKift, seiaa, BtpoaTHO, cns^HTB HenpiHTHoe Bae- 
qaTjtHie pimeHifl Bonpoca o Cepeirferfe He b*b cmhojt6 noTOMCTBea- 
Hofi co6<3TBeHHocTfl, B086yjiHrL xo^aTaftcTBo o Ha#feieHiH cyjrraHa ?hh- 
raca vb noTOMCTBOHHoe Bii^iHie A^yMa THca^aMH ffecflTHHB seifiH 
hsii Toro ace CepeM6ereBGRaro ypoqimja. HecrpoTa en^e 6ojte yBejia- 
totch, Ror^a MtcTaaa aAMHHnorpai^a npHBOAOTB bt> HcnoraeHie cboo 
npe^nojioseHie ooHOBaTB pyccRift nocejoKt bx caHOMi n[eHTpt cepen- 

6eTeB6R0ft TeppHTOpiH, Vb MiCTHOCTH AROaCB, Tfffc HaXOAHTCfl dHHOBRa 

flKy6a. TenepB btotb BonpocB o pacnpocTpaHeHiH pyccKofi ROJOHHBa- 
i(ia Ha ypo^ame CepeHfieTb BoiHyen> BajaxaH0BHXi>. Ohh roBopan>: 
«Mh ho npoTHFt ocHOBaHia nooejiRa wb 6yAymein>, ho acexain 6w, 
?to6u Ham Rzan h^crojebro liTB o6#yxaTB hoboo Haine nojoateHie h 
nparoTOBHTLca kt> Ha^BHraDn^HtfCfl ycjiOBiaMi shshhi. 

Mm BOBce He HaMtpeHH HacTaaBaTL Ha npnsHaHiH BajiHxaHOBHxt 



80 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

hotomctbohhhmh RiafliiBijaiiH CepeM6eT«; TaKaa pasja^a zeuesh bt> 
tocthhh pysH GynerB HenpeAycMOTpHTejLHOCTBK), spe^HOB) ara xoro 
se KHprH3CKaro Hapo#a. Ho HeiBsa h jerKOMHCjeHHO oraecTHCB ri 
aroMy Bonpocy bi> BH^y Tixi HMemfi, KOTopua coBepmaroTca pa#oir&. 
Ha seMjiax-B, HiKOiyja npHHafliesaBirax'B EHprH3airL, noceaeHH ch6hp- 
csie h opeHfiyprcRie Kasasn; H3i> 6uBinHXi> RHpnrecRHX'B somoib Ha- 
pisaHU Haaim Ka3aHLHMT> cxaraijairB, a Tanse n yqacTKs RaaamiirB 
o^an.epaM'L, xopyHSHiTL h coTHERaM'b no 600 flecaraHB, a -reHepa- 
. JttaiTB n SHa^HTeJEBHo fiojrfce. 3aT*M% o$Hn;epaBrB npe^ocTaBjeHO npaBO 
cboh yqacTSH npo^aBaTB. HoiBsyacB bthmb, RaK-B mh cjramajH, Eympi 
b-l upe^axi, opeH6yprcEaro BoficKa cRynarorB o$Hn;epcRid seicu s 
C03fla»rB TasHHi nyTeirB RpynHiM noirfecTBa; bi> ocofeHHOcra mhoix) 
cKyiiHjrc» Tasnx'B seHejiB RaRofl-To y$HMCKifi ejih KaaaHOKiH TaTapHHB. 
Ecih 8to npaBfla, to RaR* se Tasi? KHprnacKift cyjraaffB, npejRH 
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86 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

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88 



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— YcnieTca. 



HAHACTB. 91 

— #a! Te64 see yctrfcerca! — cepjHio OTKJiHKHyjica BaBMa.— 
Bcio hohb, He6ocB, 0% AtaKdMH ryjweie, a* bhhijo paenmaere; 
a xyrb sa Bad nocniBafi. 

— A earn a hh OAHoft piomtH He bhhhjtb, He to ?to ct 
^BRaiffl. 

— He6oc&, Bory mojihjich ao paacBfcra. 3kaem mh Banra 
Alma. 

— A ht<m#& h fliaa!— XBacMHBo saroBopMB rpHimta, ca«HCB 
sa ctojtb, Ha rotopoh'b yaw ctomh ropjarcia nyi, n BHesanHo 
jihijo ero pacnycrajiocB yjiuGKoft.— H-h! ny, h MnTpitt HBa- 
HHHT>, uojEOAei^B! csasaHo: 3y6oRB. Cb hhitb, RaaeTca, bt> 
canoe nojimca; oaho cjiobo, Ha AHoe MopcEoe! 

H TpnuiKa pascRasajrB, KaKB, maTaacB cb MhtbroA SyfiKOiiB, 
o&h nosAHeio hohbk) HaCpejm Ha TOJiny, Koxopaa cocToaja hsb 
pasHaro c6poAa: Tyn> 6hjih h 6eperoBtie paSoiie-noAeHmaRH, n 
coJieMOJoi, h cyAopa6oqie, h pasHuft CpOAanift juogb. KaRoft-xo 
pa6oHifl bb H80ApaHHOirB xoJimeBOMB CaaaxoHi opaTopcxBOBaJiB, 
npHBJieKaii o6mee BHHMame. Ohb pascKasHBajTB, KaKB caiiB tjttb 
He CA^Jiajica acepTBoft AORTOpcRoft OTpaBM h KaKB ero caHoro 

HyTB HO DOXOpOHHJIH aCHBB6M1>. 

— IIpHmejrB 3to a, roBopniB, bb 6oJiBHHi*y, — pascRasHBajiB 
rpaniEa, — 3y6aim o^eHHO Maaaca; a saaffccTB 8y6oBB bs^jih Aa 
caMoro yjioacmiH Ha Kotay h ^ajm jieKapdBa, aiaRB He 6ojn>rae 5 
KaKB cb HaneperoKB. OAHane, roBoparB, npamexB bb OHpaneme. 
IIpocHnaiocB wb rpo6y. KpiimKy aojokho He 6ojibho npHKoaoTMH, 
BHnepB HoraMH. Tjuusy, roBopnrB:— KpyroMB rpo6a; HanpaBo 
rpofo, HajrtBO— rpo6B. A caMB-xo bocb bb H3bbctk4, iuiasa 3a- 
jt&iihjio. Hy, ncnyacajica, BH6paaca KaKB to H3i> noABaaa h— 
AaBafi Bofb Horn! H Ha 6apxy-TO BecB 6%jmft bb HSBecTH 
npHM^ajiB. Botb h AflAH $aA$& bha^jib. H aw $aAift TyxB 
ace ctohtb: cto^ho, tobophtb, bha&tb: MepTBeijB moptbguomb; 
h no ceflaacB, roBopnrB, hbb 6amKH He bcio HBBeexKy BuxpaxB*. 
A H3B 6amKH, to^ho, cunexca. HapoA* to KpyrouB cjiymaexB. 
A CTapHKB oahh*b: <xaicB-TO, roBopBTT*, y mom napna yMopnra 
ORaaHHue, MflKOJiymKy mobo*. — ?aro xyxi> nap ha! y iceHa 6ojib- 
maKB co CHOxofl, Aa en^e ciapyxa Ha npa^a^y, sci Bory Symy 
bb ABa ahh OTAaJiH, bohb KaKT>!» — sarpeM'fejrL APyroft, a caMoro 
cjiesa npotnB6aexB. tCnpoTB nojraa Hs6a, nera HCxonnxBHiKOMy*. 
H — bojkb cBoe. Ctohmb mu 9xo cb Mnrpifl HBaHH^eMB, a ohb 
cefrfi yxMUJinexaa: 1 3Ka njiyn., BpaRH pasBOAHTB!> EoAomeJiB rb 
HeMy. c A CRascH, roBopnrB, no^xeHHiflmifl, aaqiMB ate axo xe- 
nopBHSBecTKy cunjiiorBBB rpo6a, RorAa CojAshh kIxb HHi^Kofl, a 
tojibro oxpaBa orBJieKapefl?> — «KaRB, roBopHXB, sa^iMB? Himxone 
noHHMaemL? A KaKB cJii^cxBOBaxB npii^yTB H3B HexepCypra, a 
oxpaBa to BBifi^exB, ce6n oicaacexB? BesB hsboctrh to OKaaceT^; 
a th AyMaemB He OKaaceTB?*— A nponie raJiAarB: cKaKB ho OKa- 



92 pyccEOE BorATCTBO. ; 

SR&nA CesnpeMiHHO OKa*erB! A to na hto6i ee, H3BecTKy-TO. 
3iiaMo j$jio, co CTpaxy: cjr&ACTBOBaTB npii^yrb! JIjMaemB, 
h4tl? TaK'b, hto-jib, Ha hsmop* OTaajjyrb? HirB, BpemB!» 
t^Iero npiiffyn.!, — roBppnrB sHararB aiorb caraft ouatb 
mi rpoSa ROiopuft yCirB, — npftxaM y»B, roBopim*: ABa, 
reeepajia. Tojibro enje cami ce6aHe ofoflBJiaioTB. A botb nofojiBine 
ei hhmt. chjih hsi neiep6ypra npH6yA6TB, ohh h npHMyica sa 
0KaHimeBi-TO». cIIpiflMyTca, nan* HenpHHflTBca? H-fanxo mojkho 
Taui.'v Bhahtb MaTpift HsaHH^'L: yBepTMB* Tort. A CKaacHTe, 
ruBopuTB, noHTeHHiflmift, bt> Eanyfo SouHUiy xowura bh syfiH 
jre^ETb, rjsjb Ban ynopuH to? tKaKB b«b KaKyro? Himro He 
3HaemB 6ojn>HHny?» H to 8Haio; y Haci ex% jpn; a bh b*b Ka- 
kjio xoahjih? c^ero npHCTajii: bi KaKyio, b*b RaRyio? A necs 
oe 3naerb, Kanaa OHa. EojorBHHija, 6ojamma OHa h ecTB».— 4 
i m [to KpaflnocTH cKaxHie, r^i OHa axa caiiafl Gojirainja Haxo- 
ahtca? <A Tetffc Ha hto: tj$ EaxoAHrca? TIero npncTaJFB? *Iaft 
ee HaHe6i, Ha seiuii HaxoAHTCHK— Kan Ha hto? MoserB, Tan 
bt. rpofiaxi TaKie enje, KaKB bh, ynoicoflfiHTOH: hx* BupyHHTB 
HaAOTb. A TyrB h Apyrie: cBHpyTOTBHaAo! Raid He BHpyHHTB cep- 
XOTBHX&I— A 0m to: «Hy, Biipy^aft, kojih oxora!> A caMi Has^A^Bi 
HapoA T b>norJiy6xe npa^erca, sHanHTB.— Hirt, roBOpvrB, to ecTB 
Mnrpifl IfoaHHTB, bh, noHTeHHiftniift, noroAirre! Bh aojhkho, 
ne ;uf>mmft, KorAa Cojibhhijh, ta^ caiot nonnpajiir, Haftra hh- 
kekt. ne SHaeTe. — A Te64 Ha *no: 3A6mHifl a, huh h$tb? — c A 
n AdpaxaHH ho 6nBajiH? Kara TairB rpafiHJra, a& HapoA* y6n- 
BajiH, cJiy^aeirB 6HBaerB, ne BHAaim?*— Bhahtb njiyrB, — He- 
ycToflKa, HeKyAa noAaTBca.— 9-a!, kphhhtb, a* ™ cairB, 6pa- 
T^u-b tu Moft, aojukho, $epinajrB, hjhh jienapB RaKofl! IIpaBOCJiaB- 
ii ae! Stottb cairB, aojxho, hsi OKaaHHBncB sthxi cauHxi!* — 
«Hy, 'I>epm&m a, hjih HirB,— roBopnrB MHTpift HBaHHTB, — a 
™ BOTb, niwb Bparai pasBOAHTB a& HapoA* 6yjiraHHTB, noftAein- 
na < i.HHuy noKasn, Aa reHepaaaMi bthitb pascKastn, RaKB 
t66h :?:nBoro xopoHHJnu. H crpe&B ero, 6pa:ra(H moh, Mnrplft 
HBaHH^i, KaKi ahm Majioe. 

rpnniKa ao joro yBJieKCH, tto, He CMOTpa Ha roJOA^, hohth 
ne iji-b h jramB HspiAKa XBaTara 2ulahhmh rjiOTRaus, nepxaa h 
KamjiJiH. 

— Hy-y! nonwia KaraBacia! — npoAoaaajrB ohx, HeMHoro ne- 
peAOXHyBx.— Kto Ha Mmpta HBaHH^a: c^epmajii! $epraajrB! 
6efl ero!> Cjiy^HJiocB TyrB, koh ero npHSHajra. cKanoft $epraaJTB! 
9to— Mbm, MHTBKa-3y6oKi! Mara-ApyrB! He CAaBaflca!*... Ta- 
kobo TyrB 6hjio, h-hh! CpaaceHie!.. H CHJinma-arB y Hero, 
6paTi];H moh! JIomobhki! ^BHHyjracB ohh 3to Ha Haci, CBoero, 
sna^nrb, BHpyqaiB. Haranxi-TO Bcero nOTKa cb Tpn, a hxi — 
apaiifl! Mnipift HBaHBRB BnepeAH. IlepBartf, KOTopHfl npncniffB, 
KaKb xBaiHTB, ja-HTO TBoft choto, ce6i qepero rojiOBy— KaKB 



BJJIACTB. 93 

axHen>! JCpyroro aiaRi enje pacRanajrB, Aa Hasa^B hmi> Ha cy- 
CTpfrttL Tojibko HoacKH 6ojrraioTca. ^a axaKHiTL MaHepoMi, Tpe- 
raaro, rareepTaro... H cirfcxy, h ropaL CRasaHO: ojho cjiobo— 
Ha aho MopcKoe. 

— A MOJioffia BHTaro TaR* h ho otChjih?— cnpocmrB Rynepx 
Eraceft. 

— Cn$ otChtb! cam nasi ropoxi paacKinajiHCB. 

— %o aci, npncTaBHJii) ero, tomb. Kyja? 

— Htrt, caBn> OTnycraiTB. nojumia HarpaHyaa, Tpoe koh- 
huxb. cHy, roBopirrb, cnacTLe tboo, napeHB: cain* 6u a. Te6a, 
6poA&ry, CBejrb, RyAa 8Haio, hto6i» He BpairB, Aa HapoA* He 
6yjiraHHjrb; a aram apxaHreJiaMx He OTAaifB. IIpoBaJiHBaft! yHOCH 

JKHBOTH»! . 

Kjraep'B Ejracefl OAoCprcrejiBHO RHBHyjrB itojiobok). 

TpHmEa He rohtoutb enje CBoero paacsasa, RaR*- Bomejrt 

KpeCTMHEH^ HaCTOAH^ift A6peB6HCRift MyaCHR'B, BT> CHHOft H3T> 

HaCoftKH py6axi h ■aanrax'B. Oh'b chajtb mansy, Me^JieHHO ne- 

peKpeCTHJICa Ha HROHU H OTBtCHJTB HH3Klfi HOIUIOHB CHA^BmHM'B 
8a CTQJLOWb. 

— Ob npa8XHHBOMi XphctobhicbI xJii6i>-cojn> Ha A<>6poe 

8AOpOBBe. 

Bt> 8BOHK01CB h TOCTOKB roJioci ero cjinmajiacB irSByiaa 
HoiBa. Bommie rojy6ue, hJcrojibro BBiayBUfiie raasa ero cmo- 

TP&IH OTKpHTO H ACHO. 

— A! $pojiy TepeHTHiy! 3aopobo, $pojayniRa!— noaramajiocB 

BT> OTBiTL. — MHJIOCTH npOCHMB, H^MB BorB HOCJiaJTB. 

^oiASUffl xpeTBH) MHCKy Kama. Ho Abaotm noarlnrao HajiHJia 
bhobb MHCKy njeft, paAymHo npnrjiainaa $poaia saaaTB Miaro. 
<frpojn> ohjitb nepeRpecTHJicfl Ha hrohh, cAro 8a ctojii>, bhobj* 
nepeRpecTHJicfl h npnaajicfl MejpeHHo h octoposho Ha6apaiB 
op, CepejKHO hoahocji AepeBflHHyio JioacKy ki> ry6aifB. 

Pa3CKa3i> rpHmRH $pojfb caymajn iiojraa, juhhib napiARa 
B8AHxak. KorAa rpHmica rohhhjtb, oht> RaRi 6h npo ce6a npo- 
menTajTB: 

— Tochoah! Cnace! 

— Th cb h$m.t>. $pojii> TepeHTH^? — cnpocHJTB ero BaBMa* 

— Ci> cinoicB. 

— A RaR*B npoAaxa? 

— CeuHaAi^aTB ci> b4cobi». 

— qxo 6ojn>HO A^nieBO? 

— He nupeft rbroS; noAtficHoe. 

— %0-aKx, hto noAJiicHoe? Hoh4 sajiHBHoe, hoah, ho ag- 
meBrne ceMHajmaiH. A Aani, rjia^a, AopojRe 6yAen>« 

— Hi, ho 6yAerB: ipaBaMH HOHi rpix^ aaiiHTBca; bck> 
BecHy a^kahhrh nepenaAaJin, a nepeAB Tpofti^eft Tochoab RaROft 
jiHBeHL nocjiajrB. 



iXv • ■'■■- 



K Tfl- 



94 



PYCCKOE BOrATCTBO% 



— A KdiKb y Bact HacierB 3Toft 6ojrfc8HH? 

— JIoKa, 6jiaroAapHTb rocnoAa, HHqero. ^a OTRyAa eft rb 
Ham - to? y nacB, bt> KonBeBRi, th 3HanrB, Jienapa hItb; $ep- 
majTB Toace sa AB^HaAijaTB Bepcrb. OTRyAa eft? He to, hto bb 
KyBtiRaxi. 

— A qfo? 

— KaKi MyxH Mpygrb! TaiiB— aeRapB. 

— TaKi itoxi, hto >Jie^apL?— HacMinuiHBO cnpocHJTB rpHm- 
ks. — HaciHft co6eciAHHRx Mmpifl HBaHirca, oh-b He 
BipoiTB cJiyxaMi) o MKapcKaxT, oipaBaxi,. K-l Tony ate kx 
AepeBeem.HH'i, ocoCeHHO rt> $pojry, othochjioi oht> h4ckojibro 

CBUCORa. $pOJIB 6HJTB pOAOlTB H31> A&^Hefi A^peBHH KHH3H, B* 

jiicHCToft oRpaHHi ryfiepHiH. Bb hhcjt& Apyrnxi npnpoAHHXB 
SHaTOROBi jrfccHoro Atjia ohb 6hjtb BHSBaHB bb KonBeBRy bo 
BpeMa Rp'ynHofi aicHofl py6RH h TaRi n oaraaica sa&cb, ndjiy- 

HHBB OTB BKOHOMiH yA06HUft RJIOieRX SeMJJH. Bl HOBOMl IffcCTO- 

acHTejlLCTBi $poJTB coxpaHHJi'L npocrae o6uian CBoero saxojsy- 
CTBfl, He co6jia3HH^CB n.HBHJiHsan.ieft npnropoAHHX'B cojtb: sniioft 

H JltTOlTB XOAHJIl BB JiaHTJIXB, H6 8Hajrb CHT^eBl H RyiiaHeft, 

bb KOTopue p^ahjihcb ROHBeBKu. TpumRa, KaKt BnoJini ijhbjb- 
jiH30BaHHuft ropo&aHHH'B, ciHiajii) ce(Sa Hen3MipHM0 Binne aToro 
jitcHoro A^Rapn. 

$pojii» tojibko hoahmb na rpmnRy cboh 6ojibmie rjiasa h 
HHqero eiry He otb$thjtb. 

— He 3Haio, RaRi A&JiBme y hhxb 6yAerB, — npoAOJracajrb 
oht>, — HaMeAHH nporHajiji. 

— Koro? JieRapa-TO? 

— Ejie aKHBoft ymejrb, hohhhitb a^iomi nepesx jtIcb b*b 
Bopo6beBi;y. BapuHH AxiiaTBxa, CRasuBaioTB, ijijiuft a?hb bt> 
noABtoi xopoHHJia, ft ohatb xe bb hojihOib saAaMH a» MeacHH- 
RaMH Ha CTaHijfK). Ka6ti He CapHHH era, acHB0My-6u He yflTH. Ha- 
po;vb h Kb Heft noAdynaJica; bcio ycaAB6y o6ffiapHJiH, ,a yxi> 
owb yixaBmn... CojiAarB, cjibrmb, npHraajra; CKa3WBaiorb, Be- 
jiiHO po3raMH Bcfan> ao eAHHaro,— npH6aBnjTB ohb nocjit Hteo- 
Toparo MOJreaHis. 

— TaKB BairB h HaAO, 6aniRy Majo-Majio npoB^TpHTB. Bojibho 

yjKB MOSrOBHTHl— BCTaBHJIT) rpHfflRa, H0RypHB8Ui HaHHpOCRy. 

— ?to, no TBoeMy, MosroBHTH, a? — 3HepnaraH0 saroBopHJiB 
$poaB h A^ae cb cepAneMi 6pocnjrB JioaRy. — A tbi botb hto 
CRaacn: saM^Mi* MaKOJiafi Ahapohib He npHKasuBaerb esb IlAOJira 
HHROMy hh RanoiH eAHHoft HHTb?'BctMB — 3anperb! 3a^4irB? Poahhkt> 
ciapufi onpaBHJit, ABa hobuxb poAHHRa BupmiB, a iTofix h3t> 

ptlRH HHROMy HH KaOJIH. SmiWb? TBI BOTB YTO CRaSH. 

' — A & no^eiTB sHaio, wo Tain, BaMB MHROjaft AHApeamb 
npHRasMBaerb? Majio jih hto MnROJiaft AHApeH<n>! Bu* TaM^ y 



HAHACTb. ♦ 95 

.Hero, cjihihho, lafi cb caxapom pocnmaeTe, ropjreeHBRHMi &a 
caaAeHBRHMi Hyrpo napHxe. 

— To-to: «a noneMt sHan)?*. MosroBHTnU A th botb hto 
noAyuafi: bt> KyBHRaxB-ro HflOJira cpe^B cavoro cejia nponuia. 
EyBH^aHe, ORpoua Kani Hro Heft, HHRaROft boah He SHaiorb. 
A HAOJita,. Haft, H8i» KyBHKB si Ham, a He orb Haci» men?. 
Ajil ho 8HaemL? Boht> bhsobcrIS Chhphaohi>, nafi sHaeie, 
ciapjurB,— ne yCeperca, b*b hojdA ct> aapy Hamuica: ri paacBfey 
Bory flymy OTAara... MosroBHTHL. A y Haci - to bofb He hbiotb. 
b HORa— CJiaBa Te64 Fochoah... 

ApryneHTH $pooia bc4m^ noRaaajracB oieHB y6fcAHTeJEbHH. 
HacTyrrajio MOjraHie. Cam TpHniRa saAyManca, cooCpaaaa, ox- 
?ero 6h mopb 6htb TaKofl Bpe^B orb pflraHOft boah? $pojrc> ohhtb 

BSSJTB XOJKKy H npHHflJICH CHORO&HO *CTB. 

— A hto Hacnen tok>,— roBopiwii okb yae coBcfcin* cno-, 

ROftHUMl TOHOMl, — TaRT> 8T0 TOHHO: MnKOJiafi AHApeHHl p03- 

Aaai 6a6aMi> nafi a caxapi. Hy, hsb-Ictho: 6a6airB-TO bi oxoxicy, 
BapflTB, — npn6aBHjn> oh* cb yjaiCRofl, earn* oneBHAHO craraa 
pa3Aaiy qaa h caxapa, RaRx h RHna^eme boah, nycToft sar&eft 
MHROJiaa AnApenna. 

9 — #a BaM * MHKOJiafl AHApeHYB CRasHBajrB, *rro - jib, HTO.Jie- 
Rapa Bt HAOJiry oxpaBy nycTHJiH?— asaprao cnpocHJTB rpHmKa, 
ho aceaaBmift CAaBaTBca h bi» to se Bpeiia HyBCTBya, hto sa- 
naci. ero Bospasemfl bhahmo HCTonjaeTca, a cAepeBM> no6ijRAa*' 
era ero Ha raasara y Bcefi abophh. 

— 3a^in» CKasHBaiB?— cnoKofiHo OTBinaJni $poJii.— Mhro- 
Jiaft Ahapohhi xpHCTiaHCKaa Aynia. Eicy acaaito cHporB, oh* h 
ynpeatAaerb: He neft-Moai aiofl boah. A CRasHBaTB sa^Mi? 
Th cairs noHHMafi. 

— Ub&rb ace cROTHHa! — HecoBcim pimffrejiBHo saM^THjrb 
rpapiKa. 

— Toxe!.. IIpHpoBHaJii CROTHHy! JKmoTHyH)! — nocanmaiiHCB 
HacMinuuiBue Bosraacn. 9th HacMimRH enje 6ojiime sa^ijiH ca- 
MoyBipeHHaro rpnnncy. 

— %o, j&HBOTHaa, acHBoraaa! Bojuaeie bbi cb nycTHX* ro- 
jroB-B, caBin He SHaeie nero, botb hto! OipaBa! b*b pi^Ky ny- 
cthjih oTpaBy! A th CKaaui: bha^'b jih kto nai Baci>, nycTO- 
roioBBixi), axy cany 10 OTpaBy bi pi^K%? KaaajTB-jm kto BaHi 3Ty 
OTpaBy, hto bc4 CAypy CojiTaeie; OTpaBa, oTpaBa nymeHa! 

CHA^Bmift ao Toro Moana npHseMHCTiifl, mnpoKOHJieqifi ABop : 
HHKT), Ahtoh-b BHpiOKOB'B, HJIH npocTO — BnpioRX, Me^eHHO no- 
AomeJTB h o6paTHJica ri rpnmKi, chokoAho oneicaHHBaa Raac- 
Aoe cjhobo: 

— A a BorB hto CRaacy Te64, MBurafl th neJioBiRi, Tpa- 
ropifl Thxohhtb. MaxB^BHa Haui cb to6oA ♦ceroAHa Ha 06^ 
m,H BapHJia; mn BapHJia, Hy h d^h coJiHJia. A th botb hoah, a& mj 



96 , PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

caMvid cojib bo max* HaftAH, A* HairB, nycToroJiOBHMB, ee no- 
Kaata, Korfta th tsroA juhhH h bcAxb yiiHie. 
Pa3Aaaca gpyxaHft xoxotb. 

— 6* Bane Tyrb h cam OAypiemt! — orp^ayjic a rpHmsa 
h, MaxHjBi pyKOfl, 6ucTpo BiimeJTB. 

— Hero saxoriunb: oipaBy bb piraKi bha*utb-jih kto? ,flj- 
paKH got: bc$mb Ha bsahmoctb pa3CHnaTB ciaHyxi. TaKB h 
BOJtrKa ue ofiMaHems: KamtaffB KaKB bb crfrB sapoemb, h to 
coo6pa3HTb. A to TOJiOBisa. 

— A a, onpi moh, CKaay Bam, hto h bha6jih, — BM-fcmajiacB 
Abaotlh, — Kara eciB BHffkra, botb Kara a BacB Bamy, 3totb 
&&% camifi. 

— Hy-y-y! — nocJDumaJiHCB HeAOBipraBiie rojioca. 

— fflfcre BHK&jm, cbohmh utaaaMH bha&m, — HaciaHBaaa 
Abjgtui, BHCTynaa Bnepe^B.— H ho to, hto oahhb hojiobIeb, 
eecL uapoffB BHflijrB. Hpa, eft Bory! TpeiBeso «hh Ha Caaapt 
Ouueiuai pw6HHija pascKasHBaJia. HpHmeJTB bio aeKapB bb KBa- 
coBapmo, raacB, BHfflB, cJiiflCTBOBaTB. Hy, xopomo. EpHraejiB 
ch RQWh nojnomeftCKift, OKOJOTOimiik C;rib;eTByeTB ohb raacB 
axon> camdl h cntjCTByeTB, a cauB tpoctbio bb iaHy Bee ici- 
maeiB, Bee irlmaerB aa no6aiiTBiBaeTB. Hy, xopomo. ^oaro-Jin, 

HO 3fiaiO, CJrtACTBOBaJTL OHB KBaCB 3T0TB; a TOJIBKO X03flHHy, 

KBacoBapy, cymniTejiBHO. A KaKB CKasaJTB ohb eny: «bocb KBacB 
BUJHBaft! 6e3npeirtHHO ito6b bccb KBacB ceio MHHyry Ha abopb 
BbiJiriTbi— xoaaHHy nyme bb roaoBy yAapnuo. Hy, xopomo. Ho- 
myMtjiH ohh, nomyir&JiH npoMeacB ce6a, JiesapB, to octb, cb xo- 
aaBHOMB. HapoAB cjunran, a He 3HaerB, nero myicaTB. Hy, 

XOpOQIO. TOJIBKO, OTHBI MOH, XOSaHHB 3T0TB CBMM& BBI&AH H3B 

KBaceoft: cHpaBoaiaBHue! bb pa33op* pa33opaK)TB, Ha nocai- 
ajixb rytiim! B30flflHTe bb 8anpny!> y Hero, cjibhhb, b% TpeTBe 
ywh KuacB BHJiHBaioTB. Hy, no-raijeflCKie sa Hero. Ohb nynje. 
IIojini^eftCRie ero BHsaTB; H3Bon^HRa KMKHyjm. Hy, HapoAB He 
cTepn'LTb, ot6hjtb, h JienapB-io ejie ymejrB. 

— ^a oipaBy-TO, a«B-TO r^i bha^jih? — HeTepniMBoenpo- 
ghjh> EnHceft. 

— A bha^jih! saRB xe He bhaSjih, Kor^a bh^ih? y jie- 

Kapfl-TO TpOCTB 3Ty CaMyK) H3B pyKB BHpBaJIH, CJIOMaJIH. Tpodb 
CJIOManfl, a BB TpOCTH TO HflB! — HOTTH HaTeTH^eCKB 3aKOH1HJia 

Abxotba. 

— ,Ha KTO BHflijTB? 

— KaKl KTO? BCi BHfffejIH, BOCB HapOflB BHfl%JIB. 

— Hy-y, npasfla-jiH? He 6oJiTaeTB jih tboh 6a6eHKa pH6- 
HHi^a, apa? 

— 9 caMOBHAeAt! — rpoioto h tbopao CKasaJiB Ahtoht» Bh- 

— Tut, $eAOTHiB, caifOBHseHB?— cnpocnjio h$ckoju>ko rojio- 



\ 
HAIIACTB. 97 

cobb. CjiOBa BHpiORa npoHSBejnf Bneiarataie; ohb, bhahmo, hojib- 
80BaSCJi AOBipieiTL, 

— fl o tj nopy meJiB otb TejrfcatHHRa. Otjio6jw y nooiy- 
$ypRa caoMaaacB,— oraotfjiK) hccb. Busy Ha DjiraHCROft, croAa 
noBjQise rb tiasapy, napoAB raaAHTB, MeraeniHTCJL HoAomejiB, 
a ohh EBacHHRa-To y»B Bupymim h sa t4xb 6fiuno ApyatHO 
npHHHJiHCL, Aa yGiacajiH rsrb-to. 

— A OTpaBy-TO, jjab stotb bha^uib? 

— B6tb, 2 A&^e^e ctojutb. Ka6u nofijniace, a& 6hbihh a 
npH omo6ji4, Hy-y! — EnpiORB sjioCho noipacB roaoBoio.— TyTB 

JDOAK CKa8UBaJIH, KOH BHA&™; RaRB TpOCTb-TO CJIOMaJIH, OHB H3B 

tpocth CHneTca: cipuft, CypoBaraft, tohho hocorb. 

— TaRB botb TaKB-io, 6paimi! — cb raaeJiHMB B8AOXoicb 
mojibhjib BaBHJia. 

— Tociioah, Cnace!— B3ABixajii h Rpeciracfi $pcgr&. 



XL 

IlocJiinnajicfl HeonpeA&ieHHuft myMB, soTopufi, Rasaaocb, 
AOhochjich iepesi> caAB, cb 6oKOBaro npoyjiRa. CHanaaa Heac- 
HHfi, myifi dtotb nocieneHHO araHOBHjica rpoirae h aBCTBeHHfce 
h, HaROHei^b, CKB08& HOcicojiRaeMuft ryan», 0TH6TJ1HB0 npopuBa- 

XBLCb RpHRH JHOACRHXX HMIOCOBB, B3piJBH XOXOTd, CBHCTB H FH- 

KaHBe. Tohho irfuiaa o6jiaBa naiRHyjiacB Ha w&pa h norHaaa 
ero. 

— %o 3to? HeRaRB Ha cjio6oar41 — cnpocHJia Abaotbh. 

— He HaAO 6k Ha Cjio6oar4; 3to no6jiH«e. 

MHMO OROHB JUOACROft CB FHRaHBeMB H fcpHROMB npOHGCCH 

$6Afl no HanpaBJieHiio rb BopoiairB. 

BApyrB He to JiasrB naAaronjHXB MeiaJunraecRiixB jihctobb, ho 
to sbohb pasfiHTaro deoa co CTpanmoio cmok> pasAaJica ao- 
bojibho Cjihsro, h bcjAa* sarlM* 3aroroTajiH cothh tojiocobb. 

. Bc6 pa80MB 6pOCHJIHCB H3B JUOACKOfl H HOCiataJIH RB BOpO- 

TaMB. Ha spiuobql, y BHXOAHBmaro bo ABopB OTKpmaro hoab- 

%8Aa CTOHJIB RHH3B, BCTpeBO»eHHBlft H 6irflAHHft; BB OAHOMB 

OKirt — HCKaaceHHoe cTpaxoMB jnmo rh&thhh; a bb rJiy6HHi rajn- 
Jiepen hhhh KjiaBAifl, caMa Apoata otb cipaxa, ycnoRaaBaaa 
njiaKaBmyio h TpeneTaBmyio JleHoray. 

niyMi> oRasaaca He cb toA ctopohm, OTRyAa ohb aohochjica 
bb JiiOACKyio, a cb npoTHBonooioJKHaro yrjia, bb 6ojn>mofl n ma* 
poRoft yjnn$. 3aBepHyBB sa yrojn>, ABopoBue RHasa yBHA&ra 
cjiij^iomjEO RapraHy. 

Bo btopomb otb yrjia a^hhomb, OAHoaraatHOMB 8AamH no- 
x Mimajiaci> anieKa. IIoqTH Bci ORHa ea 6hjih y»e bm6hth. GopBaHHaa 
Ha noJiOBHHy BUBicna BHciJia oahhmb rohi^omb bhhsb h Kaqa- 

JA 8. Ox/iii* I. 1 



98 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

jiacB otb B$Tpa. Hst- orohb to h jtfuio aertra 6aHRH, ctrjdihrh, 
SyTHJiH h nysnpBKH h, npn myMHOMi roroianiH tojiiih, co sbo- 
iiomt. n TpecKOMi 6hjihcb x) MOCTOByio, paajniBaa h pascunaa no 
aefl pa^BHa JiiRapcTBeHHtta CHaAo6Ba. OCopBaHHHft, hotte nojiy- 
rojihrfi napeHB, Ha beab 6eperoBoft HOCHJiBmHR'B, cb osBipiuiHirB, 
BocnaJieHHUifB jnmoiTB, npocyHyjrB Kanyio-To CJiery bt> pasfiHToe 
okho a ynepi ee bt> yrojrB ROcaRa. JJepacacB sa apyroft ROHeiyB, 
ohb, npn noMonjH AByx* Apyrax* o6opBaHijeB'B, BopoiaJTB eio, 
xarB pbnaroirB,iipoH8BOsacTparaHoe paspymeHie bb anTeiHoft rom- 
Barfe ho maw he tojiob'b, he $H3ioHOMift tIxb, KOiopue TyA& 
pan-fee aaSpajracB. Grbosb rpoxoTB e TpecRT> naAaiomEX'B mRa- 
<J>obb, araxepoKi cramaaBCB orryaa HeBCTOBaa 6paHB h kpekh. 
J.h;i MOJiowa BMHecjiH KaKyio-TO CoJiBmyio- SyiHJiB cb seaeHOBa- 

TOfl JKHAROCTBK) E, HpH OflOtfpETeJIBHOM'B XOXOrf, CB pa8MaXy 

opocriJiB ee Ha MOCTOByio, o6aHBaa e otfpHsniBaa TOJiny. Hsb 
Apyroft hojiobehh.' KOMa aerfcan na yaEijy pasHtia AOManraia 
Bemn- Me6eJiB e mraTBe. Oabhb MaaBHHRfB naacajrB Ha hoaoroh- 
irni; ?; m> aeHCKofl TaaBirfc. Ciapaa 6a6a cb ocTepBeHtmeirB pBajia 
irfaymuy, BiinycRaa Ha Bfeepi nepBa e nyxi. B*b # spyrofl rom- 
Harb AB(ie MajiBiEmeKi ynpaatHajiHCB Ha^i RaaBHraaME,<£opTe- 
iriano, a Tperift, CToa Ha A^Ri, BHwbiHfcairb pasHHa ^nrypu. H 
cpeae aioro xaoca, cpeAB rpbrobb, mywa e TpecRa — Boft e jraft 

COOaKT,, TO 8JI06H0 RHAaBHIEXCfl Ha JHOAeft, TO CB ataJIOSHHEB 
BHSrOMB CRpHBaBfflEXCH HOA'B BOpOTa. Bb ORHaXB COCiAHEXTb AO- 

mobb MenBRaJiB BcnyraHHBia, 6jitAHiw rnija; JnoACRia ^nrypu 
m» cMHtemn e cipaxi MeTaJiscB no ROMHaTaMi e to noASiraaH 
Kt oKnaMi e OTBopaoiB Exi, to noar&nrao eaRpHBaaH e onycRaan 

:'.:i HfiK'JVCKH, RaRB 6fil BH^a 8a HEME Sa^BTH. 

GocIahbx'b aomobb, Bnpo^eMB, TOJina ne Tporaaa; bhaho 6wao, 
hto Bee ea BHHMaHie cocpeAOTOHHaocB BCRaioTOTeaBHO Ha anTeK*. 
KaKOft to MaaiBiBRB nycTEJiT* RaueHB h nonaJiB bb OROHHyio paicy 
HeAaneKo orb anieRB CToaBmaro OAHoaTaatHaro AOMERa. HIckojibro 
ctckojib co BBOHoiiB noaerkao Ha TpoTyap*B, e bt> ORHi noRaaa- 
jiocb iicnyraHHoe jieii;o CTapymRB b*b hbzowb ^enni. . 

— HsBBHHTe, MaTymRa, npon^eHBH npocnirB; 3T0 no He^aaH- 
iiocth.— o6paTBJica r*b Heft CToaBmift TyrB BucoRifi napeHB, bb 
4>paHTOBCRoft noAAGBRi e bbbhcorbxb «rapMOHBRoft» canoraxB.— 
A th, Kocoft! botb a ri! HTO spa jiyRaemBca? — RpHRHyjii ohb 

BB CJltAB MaJTBHERy, ROTOpHft UQMb ThMB lOpRHyjITb BB TOJIHy. 

PasAajiHCB BApyrB rpbre: canieRapBl anreRapB!* — e orojio 
AecaTKa o6opBaHn;eBB nycTHjiECB sa mojioabhtb ^ejiOBiROMX bb 
cBtuioft JifeHeft napi, cb mnpoROft nuianoft Ha tojiobL 

MuaoAOft ^6jiob4rt>, 6iJio6puctift, ci He6ojn»moft SopoAKOft 
bo BecB Ayxi Msajrca otb cbobxi npeoiiAOBaTejieft; ho KaRoft- 
to napeHB, 8a64acaBB c6oRy, HaaeriuiB Ha Hero cb TaROK) cb- 
jtoio, qro Bkicrt cb hem* pyxHyjica Ha TpoTyapx, nprneMB 06a 



# HAHACTB. % 99 

pa86HJEHCB BT> RpOBB. MOJIOAOft HeJIOBiRB H6 yCH&IB nOAMTBCff, 
1&RB A6CATB pyKB BH^HMHCB BB H6r0 } pBSUIH eFO BB paSHHH 
CTOpOHH, HOMHJIOCepAHO HaHOCfl yA*PN. BB OROWb MHFL BC* 

OA&Kfta Ha H6MB 6HJia nsopBam, h no Jinny crpyHJiacB kpobb. 

— He anoTeflKep'B! He anoieftRepB! ryraaxepB! manKe, 
nurane!— oraaaHHO bohhjib HecnacTHH*, KaKB mjtohrb, nepeRH- 
AUBaeioift c?b pyRB Ha pyRH, nona oahhb icacxepoBofl bi$- 
nraca eHy npflMo bb ropao h cBamjiB Ha seMJuo. Ohb ne- 
hctobo AyniHJiB h pBajiB CiAHyro acepiBy. 

Hiicei^B nepeciajTB yace RpmaTB h, yBHA^BB HaAt CBoeio ro- 
jioBofi Apyroro o6opBamja cb RatraeMB bb pyRi, saRpujiB raasa. 

Eiiy, Bipa«THo, h He npnmjiocB 6h hxb y»B 6ojiLrae ot- 
kPhtb sa&cb Ha semrfc, ecjra6H pocjiHfi, mnpoRonaeHift napeHB 
bb aTy MHHyiy He ohjuijicr MeatAy hhitb H T%MB, KOTQpHft sa- 

HeCB KaMOHB. 

— %o bh, ambojih, A^awe? He BHAHTe, tto jih, oto— 
Kapayma, RaprysmiRB cb AaeRcaHApoBCRoftl— h ohb TaRB chjdbho 
pBaHyji'B MacrepoBoro sa bopotb, hto totb CRaTHJica cb rfama, 
ociaBHB'L noJioBHHy CBoeft py6anrKH bb pyRi neoaRHAaHHaro sa- 
m,HTHHKa Kapjiymn. 

— Pasrib RapiysHHRB? ^ero-arB rayiiaTB: anieKapB! — cnpa- 
nniBaJTB MacrepoBoft, noAHHBnracB cb seion, mosb t4mb RaRB 
Ryroa, TepaaBmaa nlima, HeMHoro noAaiiacB HaaaAB. HojiyHa- 
rofl, HCiepsaHHuft, sannjieHHHft, caMB MacTepoBOfl ejie nepeBOAHJiB 
AHxaHBe. 

— cPaaBi, pasBi!> Haojtb th rrpoKJiaTuft! RaRB necB 6$rae- 
E*& Bni^nHJiCH, AymHmB, He pasysHaBimi! 

— HlyKflTB: ameKapB! — BmoBaTO 6opMOTaJiB MacrepoBOfl, 
ciapaacB jnjbxkBmmm Ha homb JiocRyTaMH py6amRH npHRpHTB 
o6Ha3R6HHoe riuio. 

Kapjiyma Me»B t4mb npoAOJUKaaB aexaTB HenoABHMo, xora 
ero yace hhrto He TporajiB. Korjja ace napeHB AepHyjiB ero 
RBepxy, OKb oTRpnjTB rjiasa, Gucrpo rjiaHyjiB RpyroifB, nO- 
HflJrB, HTO OHTb CB060AeHB, BCROHMB H, RaRB HOACTpijieHHHft 

sBipeKB, noMTOJica otb tojuih. IIpotfkaajrB ohb, OAHaRO, He 6o- 
jrie AByxcoTB maroBB. fflaiaacB, ohb hphcjiohhjich rb saCopy, 
hotomb onycrMca na seMJiio h saraaRauB, sanaaRajiB a^tcrhmb 
kajioGHMMT) njiaieiTB. 

Enje rfc, KOTopue Tepsajin Kapjiymy, Kpn^ajm h rajiA^JiH, 
yRopaa n o6pyraBafl ApyrB Apyra, RaRB cb Apyroro KOHija 
yjiHi^u ohatb pasAajincB rphrh h rnRanBH. Memo amentf, hohth 

CRB08B BCK) TOJIDy, 6&RSUia H TOJIKaJiaCB KyHKa jnoAeft H MeJIb- 

Kajia $Hrypa ^eJiOB%Ka bb 6*Jioft Cjiysi h ^opiieHHOfl $ypaxtR$. 
CHa^ajia TpyAHO 6hjio paso6paTB, tohatch jih sa bthub ne- 

JIOBiROMB, HJIH OHB, BM^CTt CB APyTHMB, CaMB TOHHTCfl Sa R^MB- 

jih6o, h tojibko, RorAa ohb BuCpajica hsb tojiuu h no6^acaJiB 



I 



100 PypCKOB BOrATCTBO. f 

no CBotioAHoft ciopoHi yJUHUH, hcho o6o3Hamnoci>, hto npearfc- 
Ayiorb hmohho ero. ^eaoBiR* aiorb, cb bhjqt pocjoifl lOHoma, 
Aoji^bo 6bitb, oCaiaflaJTB SHaraieabHOft cnaoft: om 6iacajn> c*b 

TaKOfi SuCTpOTOft H JierKOCTBK), TTO CI nepBHTB ace MOKeHTOB'b 

^uknuca otb cbohx* npecaiAOBaieaeft Ha sHarareabHoe pas- 

CTOHHie H, BipOATHO, OH6HB CKOpO ymOJTB 6h OTB HHXl. Ho H6- 

yB-i.jKfrjuoc» Jin HaftiH sanjHTy bi coci«Heft yam**, ri ROTopoft 
out, npH&maaaca, nan CTpaxi nonacibca Ha BCTpiny AByici 
o6opBaaqaMi>, ROTopue noRasaancb hsi npoyjma BnepejH ero, 
tojilko ohi>, BirhcTO xoro, hto6h 6isaTB Aaaie, ri jjempaabHoft 
*iacTH ropoAa, BApyrb ociaHOBHaca y oflHoro AOMa, Cffiaaa* npu- 
:rmi; % ir, RaRi cepHa, nepeHecca nepera saCopi. t Ihcjio npecai- 
noBare.-ieft ero 6ucTpo pocao, ki hhicb Ha nyra npHdaBaan 
j^pyi i :• h Rorjta ohh CiraaaH mhmo toA Ry<ntH, ROTopaa Ciiaa 
HtMuia, to Torao no TOMy ace TjrBCTBy, no ROTopoMy co6aica rh- 
flaoTCH sa 6iry^Hirb memo aoiBOTHHirb, bc« aia Ryroa Toace 
noM^ajiacb c& rphromi: (j^epmaai! $epmajrb! jepaui! jiobh! He 
3iiaj3 aaace, rto H8i Ciryn^Hxi $epmajn» h rffh ohi? Toana CRopo 
jtocTorjia ABopa, bx Roropoirb CRpuaca MoaoAoft neaoBiKb, h 
cxaaa uacrapara Ha sanepTbia Bopoxa. 

Ohh Ka8ajiHCb AOBoabHO npoHHH h He ycxynaan Hanopy. 
Oahht* napeHeR'b yae ycniurb Bso6paxbca Ha safopi h nepe- 

CKOHHJIT, BO AB0p^, RaRl HSl RaJIHTRH Bumeorb CpHTufi M&seHb- 
Kifl CTapOTOKb, CI BHfly ICeJERlft HHHOBHHRl. 

[epmajii! y xe6a Ha ABopi (frepmaai!.. %o eicy cmo- 
ipiib Bt sy6bi? ^epacn ero! Moacerb, h oht> xaRoft ace!..— pe- 
bBjie b"B xoani. 

XlcnyraHHuft h oxoponiaNft cxaproeRi He ycnta* CRasaib 
caoBa, KaRi HicRoabRO TOaoBiRi 8a ero cmraoft mirarHyaH bi 
oTKpuTyio RaaiHTRy, h sepesi MHHyxy Bopoxa pacRpmracb Ha- 
CTeart, 

Iloi^saJICfl ABOpi, OflHHl HSl lixi ABOpOBl, R0T0pU6 M03CH0 

BCTpiTHTb en;e tojcbro bi rjiymn Hameft npoBEHi^iH: ^jtib 
ne utjiaa secaraHa seMjra, sacTpoeHHaa RjAiymRaKH, an6a- 
pymKaun h HaBicaifH, sapocmaa TpaBOK) h RyciapHHROirb; no- 
^a-ibmo, BrJiy6b, 8a noJiypaspymeHHuifb njiexHeicb — aobojibho ry- 
CTMH, qacTHa jepeBba, a sa hhmh— Tpy6H h RpHnm crpoeHift, 
ByxoAHamax'b yate na coci^HioK) yjraijy. ' 

^eoiiRa nojiTopa o6opBaHn;eBx RHHyjmcb b-b BopoTa h pas- 
cunajiHCB no ABopy, CRpuBaacb sa RyciaMH h nocipoftRauH. 

nponuio cb nojiiaca. Bo ABopi 6hjio thxo. Toana bhahmo 
cxajia ocxHBaTb. OTAajieHHbie Bosraacw h rphkh nocieneHHO sa- 
MOJiKaiiiT, h canmenb 6hun> ToabRO oGn^ift Heo npeA^aeHHKft ro- 
sop'B. Macib Toann, xoaRaBmeftca y anreRH, Ha rphrh ABHHyaacb 
yace rjaao CK>Aa ro ABopy, h bcs Macca saRoawxaaacb bi btowl 
nanpaBJieHin; Tenepb OHa onaib MeAaeHHO CTaaaoTanBaTbofipatHO, 



HAUACTb. 101 

Kb anreKi. IIo cpejHHi yjnmu otKyja-To onymuicsi Kosejrb. 
^eoioBiirb ABSfflaTB, cxapuxi h mojioauxx, sarajmcbHirb, cbxo- 
xotokb 6irajiH h BeprijracB, apaaHJi h HanpaBJwa ffpyrt he apyrt 

60ASHB06 XHB0TH06. B*B H$CKOJEBKHX'b CMBMEaYb OTb BOpOTl 

XBopa npH3eMHCTHf, 6ocoHorlft icyxHR'b nosasBiBajTb CHjry: oh a 
Aepsajrb bi> 8y6axi> hto-to Bpo^l oCjiaioca tojictoS acejrisHoft 
Konepra; cepejpraa ea 6iMa y Hero BopTy, a Ha Romjaxi, yxBa- 
THBmncB pyBaira sa searlso, hobhcjih ABa SAopoBeHHUxi) napHa. 
noAacaBi ki» acHBOTy kojt&hh, ohh Ha Bicy flepacaJiHCB h noRa- 
HHBanncB, yBejiH^HBaa rim h 6esi xoro HeicaJiHft b$cl 3Aopo- 

B6HHHXI tIjTB. MyjRHKB, pa8CTaBHB'b 60CHH HOM H 8aKHHy BT> H%- 

'CROjibko Hasa^b rojOBy, ymeflmyio bi npnnoAHaTHH miera, tojibro 
BSAparHBajrb: kohdju Ro^epra rHyoracb, ho nso pia om> ee ho 
BunycKaJii). 

— Hmb, jKffBOJn, KaKofl TyroysAHftI — cjoimajmcb OfloCpn- 
TejiLHNa BOCRJiHqaHta yAHBJieHHHXi* spHTeoieft. 

^[Hn^e Apyrnxi 0A%ruft Min^asHFb, ct> coBepmeHHO CTacijra- 

BOft (J)H8iOHOMieft, CTOHJTb HepOA* CHJia^OMT> Cb nojrymTO^oirb 

h CTaKaHOMTb bi> pyRaxi>, — bhahmo npH3T>, BHHrpaHHBifl Tyroys- 
fpm> aKpo6aTOMT>. 

06njee HacrpoeHie 6hjok> botch Becejioe. 

BApyn> wb rjiy6HHi ABopa pasAaaecb rphrh: 

— A-a-a! a-ra-ta! th bo ta*! — HicROJibRo $nrypi> Meat* 
KycTOBi MejiLKHyjio no HanpaBJiemro ri RaROft-TO noctpoftRi bx 
cafly, h BCJitAt sariarb Tairb nocinainajiacL bobm. 

RaRi 3JieRTpHH6CRaa HCKpa, npoCiaaJTb 9toti rphri ho tojutI, 
h 0Ha HTHOBeHHO HaciopoacHJiacb. GroABmie fijraace ro ABopy 

ABHHyJIHCB 6bIJtO B1> BOpOTft; HO BT> dTO BpOKfl H3T,-3a HJIOTHH 

noRasaica MOJiOAOfi HeaoBiRi bt> fijiysi; ero TamHJiH naTb-mecTb 
o6opBaHn;eB , B. JIioah, RaRi 6u caim HOAaBJteHHHe rposoio mh- 
Hyra, onATb noAajracb HasagB orb Boporb, MOJma OTCxynajiH h 
pa3CTynajiHCB, HanepeA* A&saa Aopory. Bca TOJina RaR* 6u cry- 
maJiacB h aaciHBajia wb oacH^aHlH. Tixi, ROiopue csapi h cl 
OoROB'b CTapamcb nporHCRaTbCfl R*b Boporavb, 668% RpHRa h 6e8*b . 
myua, ho c% sjioChhmi, maniHleirb or6pacuBajni Hasa^. 

Ci ahroh) paAocibH) Ha jnmaxi Bejin MOJio^oro nejioB^Ka sa- 
nuxaBmiecH o6opBaHi«u. Okl mem, h'Jckojibko ynnpaacb, ho 6e3T> 
oco6eHHaro conpoTHBJieHia. Ha CjrtAHOM'L, 6e36opoAOMi> jran;i ero 
BHAHa 6Hjia UHJiL h rpa8b; hso pia huol hbi pasCHTofi ry6u 
BMieKajia cipyflKa KpoBH. TeiraoseaieHaH cyKOHHaa $ypaacKa, cb 
jKeJiTHM-B KaHTOMt, 6mia c0HTa Ha8aai>, h Ha OROJannKl jicho bh- 
jfawb 6nun> iiiAHuft 3HaKT» yne6Haro saBOAeHia. HecHacTHuft, RaRi 
BHOCJiiACTBiH 6hjio BHHCHeHO, oRasascH yHeHHROMi CTapmaro 
KJiacca peajubHaro y^njmn^a, no ^aMnjiin IIoMopcidfl. PascRasH- 
BajiH, hto oht> B086yAHJii npoTHBi ce6a noAOspime rtirb, hto 
dapajica orpaAHTb RaRoro-To CTapmca, Bti6&RaBinaro H3i> Boport 






102 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

anTeHHaro ABopa, KOToparo TOJina npHHaaa sa caHoro ameRapa 
b H36njia ao noaycMepra. 

Koraa QoMopcKaro BNBean eb% Bopon», Toouia Bcipiraaa ero 
noim HiMHM*B MOJiTOmeMi: nspiARa jraniB cainnaaoct saoSHoe 
mime h npoptiBajiHCB rayxie, c«aBJieHHHe 8ByRH:— «symery6H! 
x pHCTonpoaaBmiL > 

Hohajtb aa HeciacTHNfi lOHoma, too ero BeAyrBHa Rase*, h 
ott> yacaca oirtneHtoB, hah ohb He BipHa*, hto6h to yxacHoe 
h rpo8Hoe, KOiopoe ero CTparanao, icorao Bt AiftCTBHTeaBHOcra co- 

[ lUHTBCa, TOJEbBO OBTB MOJITO 03HpaaCH Ha Toany, cxpaHHO yaw- 

6aacB cbohmh 6aiAHHMH, nocHHijrHicH ry6aicn. 

A HeacB rlirb Raawoe ero caoBo 6hjio 6h ycjaimano cpejH 
ii (iMoro Moaiama, h cRasH oepb tojibko, too ohb — ho $eaBAmep , B, 
a leHHKi peaaBHaro* yraanma, ohb, MoaerB 6htb, 6hjtb 6bi 
cnaceHB. Ho oh-b mojitojtb h Kprao yaiiCaaca. MoacerB 6bitb 
eiqe OAHa MHHyTa h bt> caiioft Toani nameaea kto-jih6o, kto no 
i[>vpa»s6 ysnaai 6h bi Hem* yneHHRa yinanma h oahhm-b cao- 
bumb, oahhjtb OKpHKOMi pasciuurB 6h poROBoe saOayameme o6e- 
yMiBmeft MaccH. Ho— cyABCa pimnaa HHane. 

JIioah He tojibro pascTynaJiHCB nepefti hhitb, otfpasya ao- 

bojibho ranpoKyio Aopory, ho Aaxe RaRi 6yATO noAasaaHGB otb 

Hero Hass^A'B, xota 3to 6ujio ohohb TpyAHO, TaR* Rani CTOHBmie 

iah chjtbho HannpajiH. HeAaaeRO otb BoporB, b*b paAy APy- 

rnx-B, ctohjtb Ahtohi BnpioKOB'B. Ohb Tani ate, vaxx* m Apyrie, 

-uuich HasaA^, KorAa BUBean HoifopcRaro h3*b BoporB, h, doa 

Coroml CMOTp'lurB Ha npHCaiiataBniHxca. MaaeHBRie, ray($ORO ch- 

Annueraasa ero anxopaAorao h (tacTpoGiraan no f Hrypi MoaoAoro 

^eaoBtaa, h npaBoe naeio ero cyAopoarao noAeprHBaaocB. 06op- 

i j hh yace nposeaH HecnacxHaro hhho BnpioROBa h ciaan yraytf- 

t »ca bi> Toany, RaRi EnpioROBi BCRpHRnyai nan, npasHaBHie 

jmiHjjrbj B8BH3rHya'B|nHCRaHBO, xaao6HO h HaHecB cd&xa Ho- 

MopcROMy yAapi. YAapi npmneaca no saTBiucy h HaHecem dHa-B 

ci> TaROK) cnaoft, ito HecnacTHBift pyxHyaca Ha MOCTOByio, yBaeRnm 

cl co6ok) OAHoro hs'b Tan^HBmHX'B ero o6opBaHBieB , B. 

3aT4irB npoHsomao hto-to yacacHoe, hto-to 6e8o6pasHoe h 
BMicri cb TiM^ ao Toro HeonpeA&aeHHoe, ao ioro 6e8$opMeHHOe, 
hto noHATB ero, yaoBHTB ero raasoici He npeAdaBaaaocB HHRa- 
<i bosmoshocth. Toiho RaRafl-io atHBaa Ryna BoponaaacB, 6a- 
pasTaaacB, to noAHMaacB, to onycRaacB; MeatRaan pyRH, chhhh, 
roaoBH f 8aTHaRH, h dTa Ryna AHmaaa, oxaaa h CTOHaaa. Kasa- 
. hjcb, ea 6apaxTaHBio He 6yAen ROHn;a, xoTa oho ajmlhocb He 60- 
viie MHHyTH. H RaRi npeacAe yAapi BHpiOROBa, RasaaocB, bhs- 
Bajn> bck) 3Ty CBaaRy, laRT* h TenepB BHesanHBiA, saao6HHft a^t- 
cKtfl RpHRT>, RasaaocB, npomeai no aToft Kjii h ociaHOBHai ee: 
ABBaceHla ea cram saiieAnaTBca; b*b Heft craan o6o3HaTOTBca ot- 
AlaBHBia ^eaoBi^ecRia $nrypn, ROTopua nocTeneHHO h MOAaeHHO 



4 

HAHAGJTB. 103 

OTA&iajracB orb He*. BcRopi Ha MOdOBofi jfoapo 6bmo 
bha$tb Majn>qBKa jtItb abcam: oh* cb cxpamHUicb kphromx 
MeiancH bt> hhjih, XBaTaacB to sa 6okt>, to 8a Hory. Pocjian 
Moaoflaa 2R6HiE[HHa noAOimia r* HeMy, noAHMa h noBJieRna r*b 
ipoTyapy. Otobhaho, cJioMJieHHaa Hora ero 6ojnajiacB, h MajiB- 
tor* otb 6ojih HeacTOBO KpHqajrL: — ho Ha^ol ho HaAo! — IIo- 
AajiBme iepHo6opoAH& MyacHK^ bco cmhjich hoahotbch cb somjih, 
ho 3to eMy He yAaBaaocB: ota^hboihcb ROft-RaR* on somjih, ohb 

K&SRJ&A pa3*B OHHTB MOJITO HaflaJTb Ha BUCTaBJieHHBIH HasaA* 

pyKH. Eiiy hhkto He HOAaBajiB noMonjH h hhrto, Ra3ajiocB, He 
o6pamajii> na Hero HnicaKoro BHHMamH. 

HoMopcKifl jjeaajn Ha tomi> ace Midi, r%k cBaJiHJii ero 
yAapB BnpiOKOBa. Ohb jieacaJTB Ha npaBOMi <5oRy, roJiOBoft yTRHyB- 
nmcB b-l jfocTOByio. JKjioro jritearo rjiasa hoith bco 6hjio Ha- 
pyacn h Topnajio, yimpaacB bb nepeHoamy; Jifeaa pyR& enje 
CJia6o B3AparHBaoia. 

JIk>ah, sanuxaBiHHCB, raacejio A^ma, MeAJieHHO pascxynajiacb; ' 
kto onpaBJi^jii cbok) H80ApaHHyio OAexAy, kto Ha xoAy hoah- 
MajrB cb aeMJiH sammeHHyio, saxoHTaHHyio mamcy. Ha nor^uxt, 
noKpuTUx-L muxbio jnmax* TpyAHO 6hjlo npoTOTaiB KaKyio-JiaCo 

MHCJIB, TpyAHO 6NJIO HOMTB, RaRl OTHOCflTCfl 8TH JHOftH Rfc TOJIBRO 

hto coBepmeHHOMy hmh BBipcROMy y6iftCTBy. HspiA^a cjuama- 

JIHCB OTA^JIBHUH, HerpOMRLa H HepimHTOJIbHHH CJIQBa: — TO-TOl HO 

CoflCB, 6oJK>me He CTaHenn>! AymeryfiKi! h npo*.— Ho cjdeobb bthxi 
hhkto He cjiumajn; He cjihimajca hxi, RaaaJiocB, h rt, Roiopue 

HXfc HpOH8HOCMH. 

Hs'B Toft tojieh, KOTopaa foiia y ameKH h ne yTOCTBOBajia 
b-l CBaJiKi, MHorie CpocHJMCB Ha myMB. Tenept ohh, saMi^jm 
OTXOAflBmHXB, mojito o6cTynajiH y6Hiaro. KaKofl-TO MajieHBfift 
Tn^eAyniHH& ciapHKi>, cb aceoiraMx 6es6opoAUMX junjoMi, xaacejio 
Tama cboh orpoMHue canorn, npH6jiH3HJica Kb Tpyny h h4koto- 
poe BpeMH cb 8Jio6Hoft ycMimKofi pascMaipBBaji'B ero; hotomi, 
npoihenTaBT) KaKoe-To pyraTejibCTBo, oht> BApyra TynuMTb hocrom* 
canora TOJiRHyjrB MepTBen,a. 

Bee RpyroM-B oxHyjio, h raqero OAoCpffrejiBHaro TenepB He. 
CJuimHO 6hjio bb diowb 8ByR$... 

Repeal saAHiOK) RajinxRy RHaacecRaro ca^a, HenoaajieKy otb 
ROToparo npoH3omjio y6iflcTB0, em,e bx HanaJii CBajiRH npa6i- 
acajn> CTapHRi Ahtohm^. Ohi Cblhi 6e8i» $ypa3CKH h bi> CTpaxi 
h 6e3noKOftcTBi 6irajix orojio tojiiiu: 

— Tochoah! ito bbi 3to? Fochoah!— EorAa ace CBajiRa oroh- 
iHJiacB, HapoA*B pasciynajica, h ohb yBHAaJFB HecTOCTHaro K)Homy 
B f b cyAopoacHMx-b notfeprHBamnxx Ha MOCTOBofi, ohb noA^isa^ 
kb HeMy, HarHyjica rwl ero jran.oM'b h cb 9Hepriefi, necBOfi- 
CTBeHHOfl ero THXOMy HpaBy, Ha6pocHJicfl Ha OKpyacaion^axi), 
Rpma: 



164 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

f 

— BeaacaaocTHHe! Kpecia Ha Baci> wbn>\ sa too y6mH ne- 
jiOBiKa! Hs^.tojihh nocjramajiocB: — $epraajrb! — A kto 3Haen», 
too (^praan-L? kto bha^jtb, too $epmajrb? a kojih $epnuui*, 
TaKi too? Be3xaJiocTHHe! 

H AOJiro myiriurB h RpH?aJii> bi Tojmi crapHKb, Hana#aa 
caMi h BusuBafl 6pam> v oanoCjieme nporoBi ce6a. 



xn. 

$poJTB CaBOCHHi) aosto h CeaynacTHo CMOTplurB Ha pasrpoMi 
ameRH. Oht> cjairaaJTB kphkh: t$epmajix! $epmajn>!> bha&tb, 
KdiKb (ftxajra jdoah, RaR% ROJmxaiiacB h BomoBaJiacB TOJina no 
HanpaBJieHlH) araxi rphrob*, h Bee ctohjtb, hphcjioheboihcb kb 
sa6opy. Cpew yacaca pasrpoica, cpej^n xaoca ero meMHJio ho- 
onpeAkieHHoe ^bctbo. He CMOTpa Ha to, too TOjma cocTO&na 
npeHMymeCTBerao hsb caiiaro npocToro juooa, hsx xaKHXB xe, 

KaKB H OHB, pa60TOXT> H MyJKHROB'B,' $pOJTB HCHHTHBaJTB ^JBCTBO 

nysecTH. Ofb coraaBajTB, too ohb ho y ce6a bt> KonBeBKi, a 
b% qy»OM* eMy, 6ojiBmoia> ropoA*, Tjsjb atHByrb nyxie, eMy ho- 
h8b%cthh6 .jhoah, ta% acHBerB Cojamoe h Baaraoe naiajiBCTBO. 
Ohb bha^Jtb pa8rpoMi» airreRH, cosflaBan ero npiraiHN h, no- 
acajiyft bb CBoefl tomhoA mhcjih, onpaBAajra 6h hxb; ho oh* 
hh o vbwb ' wb 9Ty lumyTy He AywajTB, a jhuhb Soaajnroo 
cmotp%jtb Ha 6ymyioiniHx , B, HesHaROioixx eMy jno^efl ir oanpajica 
no CTopoHairB, saKi 6u nma h oxbji&i noaBaeHia Toft cum, 
KOTopaa cjffljiacB y Hero cb npeAcraBJieHieifB o 6ojn>mojn> ro- 
poA*, o BaamoMi) Ha^ajiBCTBt, o <ry6epHiH>. Ohb hcho 

^BCTBOBaJTB OTCyTCTBie 8T0ft CHJH H 0«HAajTi> 6H HOtfBJieHifl, 

h6o 6681 Hea ohb He noHHicajii caMofl cry6epmH». 

Ho CHJia 3ia ho noaBJiajiacB. BoflCRa 6hjih bb juarepi, a He 
npHBHKmaa cnpaBJiaTBca cb ABH*eHiaMH MaccH, omejiOMJieHHaa, 
HcnyraHHaa BHesanHUicB, HeoacH^aHHwirB bsphboitb, nojiHEtf* ciy- 
nieBaxacB n CKpujiacB. 

Kor^a myifB y XBopa, bx KoropoirB CKpBUica HoiiopcRift, 
yace saraxB, $pojh MejpeHHo nonjiejica bi> Ty cropoHy. Ohb 

HOAXOAHJTB KaKB pa8X BT> TOTB CaHUft MOMeHTB, KOr^a H3B BO- 

poTB bhbgjih HoiiopcRaro. Cb npoTHBonojicMRHaro ipoiTyapa H6* 
pe3B Tojray $pojry MeaBKajio Cji^eoe mho HeciacTHaro. 3artrB 
HanaJiacB CBaJiKa. $pojn>, KaKB BROuaHufi, croajiB h bb oitfbneHi- 
Hie cjtIahjib sa rhwb, hto nponcxoAHJio nepex^ ero rjiaaaMH. 
Oht, sHajii), too Hapo^T) pacnpaBJiaeica cb c^epmaJiOM , B», xo- 
porno noHHMajrB, viwb AOJURHa orohhhtbch dTa pacnpaBa, or Apo- 
acamefl pyROio KpecTHjica ropotohbrhmh RpecTaMH: — Tochoah, 
Cnace MajiocepAHHfl!— Kor^a ace CBajifca ciHXJia h $pojn>, crbosb 
piAiwmyio Maccy ABirsyn^nxca qeJioBiqecKHXB $nrypB, jbha^ji^ 



HAHACTB. 105 

^acnpocTepToe rluio y6Hxaro, okb Cncipo AtaHyjica no TpoTTyapy. 
^yxan cry6epHia» noRasaaacB eicy em,e tiojrbe nyaeoft h cxpam- 
Hoft. KaKaa-TO orpoMHaa h — ohb hcho co8HaBajrb— BpaKAGtina* 
6My CHJia raajia ero npo^B. ;H ohb cnimHJTB na CiflHyio, r^i 
ociaJiHCB ero ab£ lejiirn cb jiomaABMH, r^t, hoa* npncMOTpoiTB 
OAHOcejiBiieBi, oacH^anx ero narraiTHift BacaHBRa, KOToptifl «yBa- 
8anc£> 8a hhitb H3i> KonBeBRir bt> ropoAB. $pojrc> mem 6Hcrpo, 

H6 03HpaflCB. cRo ABOpaSTBl> — 9Ta MHCJIB, qTO OHT) cKopo 6y- 

A«tb bi> KonBeBKi, y ce6a AOMa h4ckoubro ycnoRoroajia n^eica- 
m,ee nyBCTBO, ROiopoe ohb HcnHTHBaji'B. Ha noBoport b*b npo- 
yjiOR* eMy nocjffinnaacji Kain> 6yATO 6apa6aHHH& 6oft. Oh*b ocra- 
jHOBHJica, npHCJiymajica n a^Actbhtojibho: H3Aajra, ejie caainrao, 
AOHOCHJICa niyxoft, Mipfliift pOROTB. 

— TaRi-To Jiy^me! — nporoBopnttB $pojtb, OAotipmejiBHO 
KHBHyB-BroJioBoft. — A to ?to? He nopaAORfc. 

$pojrB 6hjtb rayCoRO yCiatAeHi, hto HapoAi jCwb «$ep- 
majiai— oipaBHTejia, ho BHyirpeHHee nyBCTBO ero He mhpmocb cb 
xaRHMi* caMOcyAOirB. H bi> oiAaaeHHOM'B 60% 6apa6aHa eMy cjih- 
maaacB hmchho ia CHJia ryCepHie, KOiopofl He AOcraBajio npn 
pasrpoMi ameKH. 

— A to hto? pByrB, Raai coCaKH. H Ha JiioAeft He no- 
xojrh, Tochoah, Cnace! HirB, yara jiobhtb, T&Kb Bcixx, no pe- 
ecTpy. IIopaAOKi) saROHa...— npnnoMHM'B ohb CTpanmyio RapxHHy 
y6ifiCTBa. 

H OKb OVb BpeMOHH A<> BpeMeHH OCTaHaBJIHBaJICfl, CB AOBOJIB- 

waa bhaoki npHCJiymHBaacB kb OTAajieHHOMy 6010 6apa6ana. 
Oht> npomejii) h$crojibro yjiam*, h eMy ociaBajiocL tojebko CBep r 
HyxB B'bnpoyjiOK'B Ha CiHHyio, RaRi mhmo Hero h^qhocjihcb fph 
noacapmja 6o?rh. Tyn> tojibko ohb yBHfffcJTB ctoji&b AHMa, ro- 

TOpuft 60JIBfflHMH KJiy6aMH BSBHBaJICfl BJT&BO, B*B H$CROJIBRHX , B 

RBapxajiaxi on> Hero. HorpyseHHuft b*b ce6a, ohi> papie He sa- 
M$THJTB HOXapa, XOM ahmi> 6ujh> BHA^Hl H Cb rtxT> yjiflni., no 
KoxopHMi) 0Hi npomejii*. 

^epeBGHCKlfi MysHRi ho MoaterB He 6iacaiB Ha noacapx, 

KaKl» H6 M0JK6TB JiaCTOHRa HO B3BHTBCJ3 8a HpOJieTiBmHM'E MBMO 

acTpe6oirB. ^epeBeHCRifi MyatHKi> poahjich h bbipocb ci> hhcthhr- 

THBHMM'B COSHaHlOM^ TOfl CTpamHOfl OHaCHOCTH, ROTOpOH) rp03HTT> 

eMy oroHB; ofl yHacjL^AOBajTB HeoAOJiHMoe nyBCTBO 6opb6u cb 
dTHMi cTpamHHMi BparoMi>. 3a6uB*B cboh Teiirn h Majie?Bsaro 
cuHa, $pojii> RHHyjica no HanpaBJieniio noxapa. 

Topijio AraHHoe OAH03Ta»Hoe ci MesoHHHOMi 8AaHie — Bpe- 
MpHHaa xojiepHafl 6ojiBHHD,a. OrpoMHaa TBica^Haa TOJma rojdcu- 
xajiacb Ha mnpoROd yjraitfb, HanojHHJia cociAHie ABopm h cr£- 
Hofl oRpyacaJia ropamifi aomi. IIoacapHaa ROMaHAa th^otho cia- 
paaacB npoGpaiBca crbosb cnjiomHHA Maccu 3chbhxi> rhivb: 8a- 
i3^cajia cb pasHuxi cxopoKB, cb rphromi RHAsma Ha HapoA* 



106 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. • 

curuxi, paaropaHeHHHX'L aomaflefi; ho jiioah Sescrpanrao ocia- 

HaBJIHBaJIH HX*B Ha XOA7, OTrOHflJIH HJIH OTBOABUTH H^aA'b.^ Bhaho 

6hjio, tto TOJina pimajiacB He AasaTB TynmiB 6ojn>HHi^y. Poc- 
jiuft 6paHATMaiopi> Rpa^ajTB, rpo8njn>, pyrajica, HanpaBJiajrB Ha 
TOJiny noatapHyio Tpy6y. Bee HanpacHO. OKaTOBaeirae xojtoahoA 
cTpyeft, jiioah yxajin, axajni, roroiajui, ciAhjihcb: — a bh enje 
Baaie 6jiaropojie! y-y-y-xt! BaatHo! ct aapy-io noJOSHTejiBHo! — 
h Bce-ae TymHTB 6ojn>rany He AaBam 

H bt> to see BpeMH BecBMa 6epexno oxparajincB coci^Hia 
3^aHifl. 3aM$THB , B Majrfcflmyio onacHOCTB, jiioah RHAanHCB kt» hhmt>, 
3aBJiaA$Bafl noatapHHMH 6o?RaMH, nacTO HacMBHO ccaatHBaa no- 
^apHHxi>. H hh oaho 3AaHie, He CMoipa Ha CTpanmufl noaapfB 
6ojilhhi];h, He 6mjio saAfrro HJiaMeHeMi*. 

Bt rJiy6HHi ABopa, sa nojiypaspymeHHOft orpa^ofl, hoab p$A- 

KHMH AOpeBBflMH CyeTMOCB ^eJIOBfeB HaTbAeCflTB: 8A&CB bhahh 

6bijih HOAymsH, MaTpan^i, xajiatu, Cojibhhtohji koAkh h npo?. 
CioAa, enje ao noacapa, HapoA* BUHeci 6ojibhhx , b h pasir&CTiui'B 
hxx KaicB h Ha ^ewb non&no. Okojio hhxi cyemuiHCB CojiBine 
6a6w. 

— Ha, neft, poAHiieHBRift, nefl! otb Hero SAopoBi # ocra- 
HemLca,.. Oxi, npoRJumue, oxi, Aymery6H, RaRi saMopHJiH... 

MOTpH, MOTpH! 3HT0TB OTXOAHTbL Oxi, rOJiyS^HEHL KopWTB, 

KaKi kop^htbL. Oxi, Tochoah!.. 

H Cojibhhx'b ipacJiB, imjih, TepjiH, pacTHpajm, hohjih boa- 

KOft, MOJIOROITB H APyrHMH JRHAROCMMH, HeMBiCTHO OTKyAa H0- 

HBHBfflHMHca. HecHacTHiie, rto bt, cxpaxi, ETO HO CJia60CTH, He 

COnpOTHBJLflJIHCB: HHJIH BC6, *ITO HITB A&BaJIH, BHHOCHJIH BC$ pa- 

CTHpaHta, CTOHajiH, KpnHaJiH, a HHHe, bt> cyAoporaxi h pBort, 
xyii se yMHpajia. 

$pojn» 6buii> sa&cb. BecB Aposa h co cuesaMH Ha rorasax'B, 
oh-l RHAaJiCH otb OAfloro 6ojiBHoro kt> ApyroMy h, He homhh cetfa, 
noHJn>, pacTnpajTB, noRpHBajn*, motojtb h ct> yacacoifB saMfriajrB, 
mto cpeACTBa ero HHRaROro A^AcTBia He npoH8BOAarB. 

Pa3AajiacB rjiyxaa apo6b 6apa6aHa. 

£[31 6orobo1I yxaap BHdynajia noJiypoia. HapoAi h^crojibro 
3aK0JiHxajica 6hjio cb npaCJiHaceHieM'B coJi^arB, ho sarion* ocia- 
HOBHJica Ha Micrt. PI tojibko RorAa o^ni^epi, cb TpeCoBaHieMi: 
«pa3CiynHCB>, bhjiotb noAomejrB ri TOJini, 0Ha no^aJiacB h npo- 
nycTHJia cojiAarB Ha 6ojiBHHHHBifl ABopi. 

— Pa8Aaftca! nponycra! — TpeOoBajn o^Hi^epi Aopora kjiz 
no^apHBixb Co^eRi. Oahhi MOMenrB TOJina, RasajiocB, xoriJia 
6biJio conpoTHBjiaxbca, ho sarfeiTB nojiajiaCB. 

— Ilyn^aft! h$hito sajiBerB? OHa BO-RaRi HHJiaerB. 

H Ai*CTBHTejiBHo, — 6paHffTMaiop , B He fffoajTB cepBesHMxi no- 
hhtori ri> TymeHiio 6ojebhhhbi, oxBaneHHoft y»e co bc4x*b cto- 
poHi HJiaMeHe&rB. y6i^HBfflHCB, qio BOAa nosapHnxi Tpy6i» He 



HAHACTB. 107 

tojubko ho TymHn», a' 6oJii>me ycHJoroaerB njiaMa, oh* OTBeirB 
(Johrh h npaaflJica orpasmaTB cociAHia CTpoemn. 

Barter! cb nojiypoioft npH6ujn> nojnmeftCRift npncTaBT> h 
hIcrojibro ropoAOBuxi. HepeCiraa Bnepejm cojiAarL otb oahoS 
KyHKH kb Apyroft, npHCiaBi, ho nepeciaBaa, RpnnairB n wb 
CTpanraoifB BoaCyameHiH Tpe6oBajn>: to pacxoAHTBca no AOMawb, 
to noMoraib TynniTB, to OTCTaHBaiB cociAHia SAaHia... 

BxpyrB cTpanmuft RpHR& pas^ajica bt> rayCHHi flBOpa. Hi- 

CROJIBRO AeCHTROBl TOJIOCOBl, TOHHO no ^aHHOMy 8HaRy, BtipBa- 

jihcb OTKyaa-io h oTHaflHHo noTpjicanH BOBAyx*. HencTOBaa 6paHb, 
npoRMTia, ctohh, naaYB h noxopoHHHft Boft — Bee cjehjiocb h 
CMimajiocB b*b Ranoft-TO 6eso6pa3Huft xopB. 

Tojina cpa3y noAaaacB Tyfta, ho cojiAaiH 6ucrpuwb ABHxe- 
HieirB nperpa^HJiH eft Aopory. OHa ocTaHOBiuiacB, n jthieb hgmho- 
rie, cb 6okob , b h Hopes* coc$AHie aboph, npopB&micB h no6i- 
samx no HanpaBJieHlK) rphrob*. O^Hn.epx xaoce HanpaBiuca 

TyAa-, BSflBl Cb C060K) HiCKOJTLKO pflAOBUXl. 

^JIHHHOe, CB HE3RHMta KaMGHHMMH crflHaMH CTpOOHle (ShJIO 

OTBe^eHO noxb noRofiiraijRyK) BpeiieHHofi CojiBHnijBi. mnpoKaa, 
ABycTBopnaTas ABepB nocpeAHHi 6wjia saspuTa; c6oRy — Apyraa 
Ha Taacejmxi) saMRaxi. PascunaBmieca no ABppy jiioah m- 
6pejm Ha 3to 3Aame h otrpkuh ABepB. B-b nojioci CBfcra, 
npoHHRmaro BHyTpB, ohh yBHA^ra h^ckojibko rpo6oBT>, a 
Aajn»me, bi t^hh Ha roJioft seMjrfc, bhah&jihcb Tpynu wb pasHMXB 
nojioaeemaxi). 

— YnoROftHHRHl — nocjramajica monoi-B, h jiioah npiocraHo- 
bhjihcb y ABepn. — H,apcTBO HeCecHoel — h hIcrojibro HeJiOBiicB, 
KpeciacB, 6oa3jiHBO nponuiH bt> noiiimeme. Octoposho ciynaa 
Meac^y rpo6aMH h noROftHHRaMH, jiioah pascMaipHBajra jinija 
yMepmnxT). B^pjtb mojioaoA napeHeRi cb ncnyroirB meriHyjTB 

coc*Ay: 

— MoTpn, Bana, TopRaerca,— h oht> yRasajrc Ha croaBmift 
b% ciopoHi rpo6x. 

Bara yciaBMca Ha rpo6i>. Stotl monora ycJEHmajra APyrie 
h npH6jni8HJiHCB. rpo6oBan KpBimKa 6Bina sHa^HxeJiBHO CABHHyra; 
Meamy Heio h ct^hkoA rpo6a sifljia mapoKafl, Tenmaa h^ojib. 
EorAa CTajiH npn6jiHsaTBCfl r*b rpo6y, RpumRa Ha hgeb hb- 
CTBeHHO AporHyjia, h BHyTpn nocjiBimajica rjiyxoft ciyKB. 

— Cnjia Rpecraaal— JIioah noAaomcB Hasa^, h totb caHuft 
MajiHft, ROTopufi paHte apt^hxi saM^THJTb abhsohIo Rpunncn, 
onpoMOTBio BH6iacajn> h3t> MepTBeniKoft, Kpn^a: — jRHBoft! shboA 
bi rpo6y! BaTiomRs! acHBoft bx rpo6y! 

OcTaBmiecH bb 8AaHiH CRopo onpaBHJiHCB. TpoMaAHaro pocTa, 
cobc^mb dAoft dapHK-B npoTHCKaJicH BuepeA^: 

— H BHpaMB atHBHX'B XOpOHHTB, ORaflHHHe! — H OHB CHJIB- 

hhmb tojihkom-b cGpocHJH rpo6oByio RpumRy. 



108 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

B*b rpo6y Jieacajn> jkhboA HOJiOBiKt. Ohb ?yiB cjbmhho bsaox- 
Hyjn,, cjia6o meBeM pyKOio. 

— BepncBl ^ero cmotphihb!— sarpeiriurB CTapuKi, n nepes* 
MHHyTy rpofo 6hjh> BUHeceH'B Hapyay. 

JleacaBmifi bi> rpo6y 6vun> bt> rpasHOirB, 6ojibhh*ihom'b xa- 
jiarfc, Ha KOiopoAfb, xaRx n Hasocicax'Brpo6a,Bnj[Hfii6uJiHo6]uiB- 
Hue cjt&ah sojrepHHXT) HSBepatemfi. BonBHoft jieawajTB Ha 6oRy, 
noBepHyBfflHCB BBepxi> neuwm>, hohth yace nocHfffejaiifB jumpwb. 
Qwb AHmajrB cjna6o; Bnanue, oRpyaeHHBie nepHOft RaftMOft, raasa 

eiX) TO OTKpHBaJIHCB, TO SaKpUBaJIHCB. 

— Botb TaKi-TO botb! rjia^H/npaBOCJiaBHHel— rpeirfurb CTa- 
pHKi Hapo^y, TOJnraBmeicyca y rpo6a.— Y-y-y! ORaaHHiie! — Oh*b 
noTpacajrL cacaTHira Ryjiasaifa h cain» bocb Tpaccn, Rani bt> jih- 
xopa^ici. 

IIpOH80raJIO fffcHTO H6B006pa3HMOe* CT» CTpamHUlfB RpHROHl 

OTHaama agcator'b ^ejiOBiirL pHHyracB bt> oTRpuTyio ABepB no- 
RoftraijROft, h Hepe8T> MHHyTy rpo6a 6hjih bcrphth h horoAhhrh 
BHHeceHH bo ABopi. 06e3yM%Braaa xojina, xplbjl nprnecTH yMep- 
mnxT) Bt nyBCTBO, Ka^aJia, Tpacjia hxi, noJiHBajia h npHCRaaa 

BOflOfl. Y3HaJIH-JIH HiKOTOpBie pOACTBeHHHKOBI» CBOHX* H BHaRO- 

mhxx MeacAy . yMepmnim, hjih npocTO no co^yBCTBiro— tojibro 
cpe^n BceB03MoacHHXi rphrob'b, BOsruacoBx, pyraieJi&CTB'B n npo- 
KJiaTift noHecca Ayniy paa^Hpaiomifl noxopoHHuft boS h njia*n>. 
Kto-to yRasaJTB Ha cocIahboio sanepiyio ABepB h— bmhtb hohbh- 
jiocb rpoMa^Hoe 6peBHo; agchtrh pyKi> ero pacKa^ajin n Bwca- 
AHjm HifB ABept. UoKOfiHHKOBi) wb dTOifb noMimemn He ORasa- 
jiocb; 6blhh juhhb pasHUH 6ojibhhhhiu[ npHHaAaeatHOCTH h agshh- 
^eKDiioHHHe npnnacu. Bee bto 6hjio buhocoho, pas6HTO, pos- 

JIHTO, HSJIOMaHO, H80pBaHO H yHHHTOJReHO. 

$pojrc> HOHCTOBCTBOBajTb Coarfce Apyrnxi). Ohx KH^aJica ora 
OAHoro MepTBei^a r*b Apyrony, xpacL hx*, Tepi, pacrnpaarB, pas- 
jRHMajTb OROCTeH^Bmla nejMocra, jihji^ B'b smicmjie MepTBue pru 
mojioko, BOARy n Bee, hto nonaxajiocB no^t pyRH, n bx 6e3Ha- 
xeacHoifB orauraiH BHKpHKHBajii>:— OMpa^HJiHct, roJiyCqHKH owpa- 
hhjihcb! CyMJitjiH, cepflenrauel rocno^H! Cnace!.. 

KaKi> MorJio cjiy^HTLca, hto b-l MepiBeiptoS, cpe^n Aeamca 
TpynoBX, o^yTHJica bx rpo6y em,e jkhbo&, xoth bhahmo yimpa- 
Bmift HMOBiR'B?— aToro HmcaKi) BwacHHib He yaaxocB. Bnajn» jih 
owl B'b rjy6oKifl , o6mopoki> n Bnonuxax'B 6um> co^TeHi sa yuep- 
maro (cuepTB b-l bto BpeHH 6uJia ABJieHiewB o6uAeHHHirB: bi 

60JlhEEU$ eaceAH6BH0 yMHpaJIH AeCATRH), HJIH, TTO BtpOOTHie, C&KB, 

HcnyraBfflHCb HarpaHyBmeft tojihu, co6pajn> nocji^AHlH chjih h 
yKpBuica B'B MepTBeijROft, ta*, HaKpHBi ce6arpo6oBoftRpHinROft, 
MeAJieHHo yracajTB, nona 6yraeBajia TOJina? HecoMriHHO oaho, h 

BHOCJTlACTBiH nOATBep3RA6HO OHeBHAAailH, B'B TOtfB HHCJli H KOMaH- 

AOBaBnraBTb ncwiypoToft o$H^epoB^B: TOJina, A**CTBHTeJiBH0, b* 



. HAHACTB. . 109 

oahowb H8i» rpp6oBi) Hanuia atHBoro Heacmfea, h bt> btomx noaiy- 
HHJia noTpacaiomee no CBoeft otobhahocth AORaaaTejacTBO xoahb- 
rnHxt bt> Bapo^i Hejrfcn'fcfimHX'B cnyxoBB o tom*, ?to jr&Rapa ho 
tojibro OTpaBjraH)rL, ho h TKBBhewb sap&isaiOFb b*b MorMH. 

IIoBHAHMOHy, h o$Hijepa osaAaiMo 3to noipacaiomee api- 
jump. Obi noAomeJTB r*b MepxBeijKoft KaKi> pasx bx tot* mo 
MeHTB, KorAa cxapHKX bhobb noAHfljrb rpofe, T no6u bhh6Cth ero 
Ha yjnii^ ki Hapoay. 

— rji^AH, Bame 6jiaropoAie! wwah, CawoniRa! kthah, otbi^l 
poxHOfl! BsofiAHie bi 8an^HTyt— Cxapssi bocb Tpacca h, HarnyB- 
hihcb, jiobbjtl iyfiaHH pyKy OToponijiaro o^rappa. 

MejEAyTiMB 6ojiBHHiHoe sxaHle nocieneHHo BaoaocB. To ct 
•ioft, to cb Apyroft ctopohh, 6ajrca 3a 6ajiKOft, o6pymHBajiHCB no- 
tojikh, noica, HaKOHen;B, cb xpecKOMB pyxHyjn* MesoraHB, naxHyBi 
rpoMa^HBiMB cronfowb miaMeHH h o6cunaa AOXAeira HCKpB. 
EoJiBHBija cropijia no raa. 

Tojina oixjiBiHyjra h nocieneHHo piw&iia. 

^epesi nacB rpoMHjm Apyryio ropoACRyio Cojamny, bx pas- 

CTOflHiH BepCTH 0TB XOJiepHOfi, H, HOKa HpH6HM COJIAaTH, KBap- 

rapa CTapmaro Bpana o6panjeHa 6una b-b m,enKH. CaiiorosAaHla 

H6 TpOHyJIB, y6iAHBIDHCB, HTO XOJiepHBIXB 60JIBHHXB BB HOlfB 
H6 6HJIO. 

Bb to ace Bpeica Ha npoTmonoJioxHoft ropoACROft oKpanHi 
noACTynaJis kb ry6epHCKofi seMCROft 6ojtmhiv& n pasrpoMHjra 
HicKOJiBKO KBapTHpB. Bx hulcjA 6ymeBaBmeft ?epHH fount iacTBK> 
n r&, KOiopue stjih xojiepnyio 6ojiBHHiiy. IIo RpafiHeft nipt, 
npH norpoM* ropoACROft totb se orpoMHHft crapuKB, RoiropHft 
BHHecB rpofo, 6hjib bha^hb bb nepBHXB pHAaxB, h ero ix)jiocb 
rpeM^jn Ha^B tojihok). 

Enje ocTaTRH tojieh maiajmcB okojio AoropaBmeft Cojtbhhah, 
BMido yxoABBmaxB noflBJuumcb HOBue, ex jhoCoehtctboitb pac- 
npamHBaa h ocMaTpmaa, kukl Ha oahojtb hkb CMeacHuxB cb 
6ojiBHHn,eio abopobb 3aMirajLH ^ejEOB^Ra, KOTopuft, osHpancB, npo- 
6npancfl MeacB cTpoenLiMH n MerraiiH. Ha hgmb 6hto $opMeH- 
HBifl ciopTyKX. 9to 6mhb ciyAeHrB-MeAHKB nflTaro Rypca Cepe- 
AHhb, npHrJuameHHHfl ropoflCKHMB ynpaBJiemeifB Ha Bpena 3nn- 
AeMiH bi xoiiepHyio 6oJiBHHn;y. Crpubhihcb bb oahokb h8T> aM- 
6apymeKi» cocfyuoflro ABOpa, ohb npocHA^'B iaMi>, bb CMepraoMB 
dpaxi, npHCJiymBBaacb Kb myMy to yAajLaBmefica ? to y caMHXB 
ctIhi ero acaJiRaro y6iacniri;a 6ymeBaBinefl tojihu. II eiiy Rasa- 
jiocb, hto orJiymHTejiBHue kphkh HapoAa oihoc&tca r*b Heuy; hto 
HMeHfeo ero, a ho Roro Apyroro, nn^en axa Tojraa, h oht> eate- 

MHHyTHO OXMPflJTb, HTO OHa QTO OTRpOeTB H paCTepBaeiTB BX RyCRH. 

KorAa myvB cxajiB nocxeneHHo saiHxaxB, hojioaoA HejiOBtEx ho 
BHAepacaJii» ? B£i6paJiCfl ocxopoacHO hsb CBoero majiaraa h cxajiB 
npofiHpaxBCH kb njion^aAn, Ha Koxopofi He 6hjio CKonjieHia HapoAa. 



110 • PyCCEOB BOrATCTBO. 

Ero saMirajm, ho,' rb ciadBH), jihiub HeMHorie, maTaBmiecH 
enje Ha sagHeirb 6ojilhh^homt> ABopi. PasAaracB kphkh:— Jli- 
Kapt! JiiKapb! MojioaoA tojk>b4rb nycrajica 6t»aTB, RaRB Moacen 
6tacaTB HejiOBiKB, ^yBCTByiomifi, *ito sa hhbtb roraTca caHa 
CMepTB: hh njieTHH, hh sa6opii He saAepatHBajra ero. 3a^HHM> 

CB RpHROKTb HOrHaJIHCB CB JXfiCATOWb leJIOB^Rl. 

$pOJIT> CaBOCHHB CHA^JTB, OHyCTHBt TOJKOBy OKOJIO KaKoro-TO 

noRoflHHRa, Rorfta memo Hero cb rphromx npotfiacasH jhoah. Ohb 
bckohhjtb n noHeccfl sa HHHH, He shm, RyAa h saltan,; ho Hecca 
6ucTpte Apyrnxi). Ero CBfeiBie bojioch BiepoarB pa3BHBaJiHCB 
BORpyrs rojiOBH; cjneT^Bmift cb Horn JianoiB Biricri cb nopMH- 
Kofi TpenaJiCfl, npHrajn, h 6mcji Ha pasn OTaBmefica ofiopfc. Hla- 
raxi> b% naiHAecHTH, nepecRaRHBaa nepesi nacrem, $pojn> sa- ' 
ijiinuica, sanyiaJiCH h Bceio raatecTBK) riuia pyxHyjica Ha somjho. 
OqeHt jih yac-L auieHi 6hjm> ymnGi, hot He BUAepxajrB opra- 

HHSITB CHJIBHHXB HOTpflCeHlft, HCHUTaHHBIX'B Bl> TeqeHie A™, 

tojibro $poJii> ocraaca Ha irtcrL 

IIpecjiiAyeMuft cryAeHTB Ao6$*ajrB ao MonjaAH h HaTRHyjca 
Ha pacKpuTHa Bopoia ijepROBHoft orpa^u. Oht» 6pochjich xy^a h 
caMB He noMHHJTL, Kaicx Hepes* RaRta-TO ABepn OHyrajrca noxb 

frkmWb RaMeHHUKTB CBOAOICB, Cb 6tICTpOTOK) IITHIJBI HOAHflB- 

kihcb BB9pxi> no JiiciHHirl; ohb jBVLxhjrb ce6a npflMO noA*B ijepROB- 

HLIMH COJUOKOJiaMH. 

Ero npecjit^oBaTejiH npoHHiura sa hhitb bt> orpajy h b*l nep- 
bbia MHHyni pascunajmcB no ijepROBHOMy ABopy, flma ero b^' 
KycTaxi) aicauift n cnpeHH. y»e H^ROTopue totobu 6hjih npo- 
HHRHyTB b*b cairoe sAame xpaiia, KaK^ nepe^t hhmh, cb Rpe- 
ctomI) Bt pyKaxx, noHBHJiCH nacTOAiejiB ijepRBH. MoJUOAof , Rpa- 

CHBUfl CBameHHHKI) BHyfflHTeJIBflO H CTporO 06p8THJICH Kb HHMX, 

Tpe6ya HOMeAaeHHO cOTcrynHTBca orb Bpan> xpaifa TocnoAHH*. 
JIjoah Rproajur, pyrajiHCB, ynasHBajiH, hto bb xpairt CKpujicn 
y6ifin;a, rpoaiura caMOMy CBflmeHHHKy; ho nacTHpB He ycTynajn>, 

TOBOpH, HTO eCJIH ^eJIOBfefc STOTb BB HeiTB-J[H60 BHHOBeHB, TO 

ohi> tnojiy^HTi no saROHy ocy&Aenie, a nepecTynHTB nopon> 
o6nxeJiH xpHCTOBoft cb yCificTBeHHHMB HaM^peHieiCB* ohb He 

AOSBOJIHTB. H KaEX HH BOJIHOBaJIHCB OTJI,4jIBHHe o6opBaHD;H, KaKB 

hh KH^aJiHCB kb nanepTH, KaKT> hh noAcrpeRajiH Apyrnxi^o <ne- 
pecTynHTB ^epesi KpecrB* He nociitjiH. JIioah ocTajrncB bb B[ep- 
KOBHofi orpafli h okojio Hen, piraHBB, noBHAHMOHy, KapayjiHT^ 
cTyAeHra, bt> oacHAamn npexo^a Ha^ajiBCTBa. 

Mojito oaHAajiH ohh sa^cb. Oahh yxoAHjm, Apyrie npqyo- 
ahjih. Okojio cothh HeJiOBiKx, KaKx Ha 6nByaKi, Jieatajio ch- 
Afcio BORpyrB ^epRBH, RorAa yae rt> Beiepy npHnuia ROMaHAa, 
ocBo6oAHJia HecnacTHaro GepeAHHa h, hoax oxpaHoft hithrobt^ 
yBejia ero r*b AOMy nojnmefiCRaro ynpaBJiema. KcTaia 3a6paJia 
h bch) RapayjraBmyH) ero TOJiny. 



HAHA.CTB. Ill 

$pojrB CaBOCHH'L npoaeaajTB 6ojrie jipyxb ^acoBi h, orayB- 
hihcb, Hecpasy ohomhhjich. Cm/tho hocmhcb y Hero bt> rojiOBi 
nepeKHTUfl Bne^aurfcHia n coCuiiH ahh, h ohb aojito chaIhib He- 
noABHXHO h CMOipiurB Ha cbok) Cocyio Hory, Ha BajmBmifica pa- 
M>wb Ha o6op£ JianoTi>, Ha npoApaHHtie Ha kojt6h£ nnaHU. Ha- 
KOHei^B, BCiajTb h, Trn;eTHO noHCRaB* bi> CypBHHi cbok) manKy, 
MenJieHHO nonjiejjca n nonjiejica BnepeA*, noioMy tto csa^H 
6wlt> njiexeHB. IIpoftAS mnpoKHifb, rycio sapocmmcB ABopOM* k*b 
KajiHTKi, BUBeAmeft ero bt» yseHBKift npoyjiORi, ohb sarfeMt He- 
peat Apyryio yjiHuy BHmejrB Ha naomaAB. Sjs^cb ero BHHMame 
npHBJieigiH juoah, JieaaBinie CHByaROM* okojio i^prbh; ohb no- 
AomejrB h npHcfcJTB kb hhmt». uwl MOjraa CJiymajn, roBopi co- 
cbfteft, MOJna nprJiHAHBaJi'B Ha rojiorojibhio, rffk cnpaiajicii «ORaaH- 
Huft» h— Bee hto-to npnnoMHHajrB. EMy RasaJHOCB, HTO ohb aa- 

6UJLT> HJIH 06p0HHJTB HTO-TO TdROe, HTO eMy H606xOAHMO HyjKHO 

6hjio ceflraacB »e noncKaxB HHaftra. Y rokhto hs* cocije* 

OHT> yBHA^JTB KJBUmWb CI BOAOK); OHB HOHpOCHJIX H Cb X&JI,- ' 

hoctbk) Hamoca. HaKOHeiCB, ohb bchomhhjtb! 9 to 6uju> ero Ba- 
CflHBRa, ero nopoxma Tejrlra, ero oahocojibijh Ha CiHHoft, cb 
KOtopbiMH eMy HysHO B08Bpan^aiBCH bb Kom»eBKy, «ro abo- 
. paMi>>. Ohb yse hoahauch, hto6w hath Ha Ctaayio, Kara no- 
Aomjsa KOMaHAa n oRpyauma ijepROBB. 

$pojrB ho TOJibKO ho conpoiHBJiHJica, RorAa ero 3a6HpajiH 
BMicrt Cb ApyrHMH, ho, HanpoTHBi, HaxoAHJiB 3to BnojiHi ecre- 

CTBeHHHlTB, A&Xe H606X0AHMHMB. KaKB JKe? B*6aB OHB CBHAfeTOJIB, 
CBHAbT6JIB-0^eBHA6IVB rpO<5a, BB KOTOpOMB JieacaJTB SHBOfi ne- 

jiob^kb! 

KorAa ohb yBHAiJTB CBOAOHHaro cb kojiokojibhh CTyAema, 
OKpyaceHHaro mruKaMH, ohb yjoarttayjicji, h roiasa ero CBepKHyjiH 
noC&AOHOCHO h 8jio6ho. — TaK^-TO bott> jryroie! IIopaAORi sa- 
KOHa!.. He 6oAcb, Bcixx tbohtb mhjihxb apyaucoBB cnoApyHHH- 
kobx toxx!.. Tara-TO npaMifl!.. nopHAOKt saKOHa;.. 

H nocTeneHHO npHnoMHHaa Bee BHA^HHoe, ohb Bee 6ojiie 
oacHBJiajica h B086y^A&aiCH. Om> bck> Aopory, ao caMaro hojih- 
ijeftcKaro AOMa, KHAaJiii coci^MB otpubo^hua ^pasu, HenoHHT- 
hbih jifls hhxb cioBa h ABa pasa noASirajiB kb o$ai^epy, boa- 
meMy KOMaHAy, h Bos6yxAeHHO 3aBtpajiB ero: — caMi> bha^jib, 
cbohmh rjiasaira bha^jib, botb KaKB to6h, 6aTK)mKa, Bame 6jia- 
ropoAie, Bnxyl— H mojioaoA o^nijepB, He noHHMaa, o HeicBTaRB 
ropano TOJiRyerB eny 3Toi°b o6opBaHHuft } danuneHHuft h, KaKB 
eMy KasajiocB, BunHBmifi hojiob^ri tojibro CTpornMi roJiocoMi 
noKpHKHBaji'B:— Ha8aAB, bb Ryny! He cm£tb bbixoahtb sa JiBHiio! 

$pojTB 6butb, npaBAa, h^ckojibko osaAaqeHi), RorAa ero He 
nycfHJiH cb nojmn,eficKaro ABopa <c6iraTB Ha Hacoin. npoBt- 
AaTB MaJiBHOHKy, Bac^HBRy, Aa cb peCaiaMH HaRasaTB 6a6i>; ho 
CRopo ycnoROHJica. — %0-arB? TyrB xoace jsfaio He Majioe! Ba- 



112. pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

CAHBKy pe6flTa He CpocarB, a AoMHa, Haft, caiia CBecrn cto- 
jkori AoraAa^TCH, He poBHO sa6cb saAepacyT**. 

fPe&rca*, ffiftcTBHTejftHO, He CpociurH BacaHBRy: h ero, i 
ABi nycnifl TejrtrH $pojia ohh npHBeaiiH bx EoiiBeBKy h cAara 
xeHi ero floMHi. BacaHBBa bch) Aopory, ao caiforo AOMa, pe- 
siarB, noBiopaa sa bspocjoimh: frareHBRy, aojukho, sa6para>. 



XIII. 

KaKi h cb Hero HanaxocB 6yftcrBO ropoACROft iepmi, ex toh- 
hoctbio y8HaTB He y^aJiocB. Oahh yRas&raajiH ero Haiajio Ha • 
TOJURyneifB pbihk%; Apyrie pa8CRa3HBam, hto Ha pgHRi aBHJiacB 
yace TOJina, cotfpaBinaaca r^-TO Ha oahoA hs* hhjrhhx'B, npH- 
6peJKHBTXB yjiHDi'L. Hoboaoitb kb Bspmy CtiJia, no pascRasairB 
oahhu, npocTaa ccopa y Ka6aica; npirceirB kto-to KpHKHyjn,: 
tapayjn>! y6HJin! 3aTi»rB, yace, noBHAHMOMy, 6e8i> BCflRoft jont- 
necROft CBa3H n npnHHH, HapoA* KHHyjiCA Ha aM6yjnaTopHyK> 
npieMHyto, r^b oChrhobohho CHA*Jn» ^eJiBAmepi h hm^jizcb ue- 
AHRaiceHTKi. Pa8CRa8HBajiH TaiuKe, hto Ha EaROMi-TO ABopi npo- 
H3BOAHJIH Ae8HH$eRi^K); 6a6a, cb rphrom*, too <OKa&HHue» ot- 
paBHjiH y Heft Myaca, Biriiiajia Ha yrnny h BSBomoBajia ma- 
TaBmlfica, no cjiyiaro npasAHHHHaro ahh, HapoA*. 

Bujih h Tania imiHla, hto 6yftciB0 noATOTOBJieHo 6mjio enje 
HasaHyHi h Aaxe sa h4ckojibko weft; hto noACTpesaTejui mmi- 
pflJDi no Ra6aRaMi h npHTOHaMX, Bojraya nepHB h noAroTOBjrsa 
ee kt> HMiiomeMy coBepmHTBca co6bit1io; npn aroifB 6yAto Ha- 
poA*B yBipara, qxo H36ieme aoktopokb h paapymeHie anieRi 

K&1TB-T0 np6AHHCaHO ; TaRl-RaR'B Ha^aJIBCTBO HO Bl CHJiaXX-AB 

cnpaBHTBca cb «0RaaHijaMH». 

ITepBHa ABHmeHia tojihh 6hjih nanpaBJieHH HCRjnowreJiBHO 
Ha r& nyHKTti, rjn% no ea mh4hiio, Moroia xpaHHTBca oipaBa; 
ameRH, an6yjiaTopiH, (foiBmnpi. Yace noAHflBnmcB ao BucmurB 
npeA&ooBi B086ysA6Hlfl h ho Bcrpinaa Ha CBoein> nyra HHRaRoro 
oraopa, TOJina HaRHHyoiacB Ha OAHy nojraijeftcKyio qaciB i pas- 
rpoMHJia ee. ^lacTHua noirtmeHia ocTajracB, OAHaRO, He ipoHyra, 
HCRjno^aa TteB HeHHorHxi aomobi, rfffc HaxoAMHCB hjhh npeA- 
noxarajiHCB RBapTHpu Bpanefi. IIpoxoAH memo JiaBOKx h Mara- 
3hhobi>, TOJina He tojibko He RHAajiacB Ty.ua, r^ hm^jiocb bco 
A^a yAOBJieTBopeHla rpaSHxejiBCKHX'L hhcthhktob'b, ho ycnoROH- 
Bajra h o6oApHJia ToproBi^eBx, Rpnna hmi>, hto hxi OHa hb tpo- 
HeTB. H rpa6ejKa b-l i^choitb cmhcjA cjiOBa, ^iftCTBHTeJiBHO, He 
6uao, ecjiH ho CHHTaTB HesHa^HTejiBHaro ROJornecTBa Benjefl h^b 

pasGHTUX'B' RBapTHpu, KOTOpUH 8aT^ITB OKasaJlHCB y paSHtCTB 

jihitb: TOJina npeHMymecTBeHHO yHH^ToacaJia, a He noxmi^ajia. 
7jro a&soro sa noJiAeHB npeRpanjeHH 6ujqi 6esnopHARH npn- 



HAHACTB. 113 

meflmHMH est* aarepa BOftCRaMH, ho hohth bcio hohb maTamcB 
enje no ropoAy KyHicn Hapo;i;a n man tojikh o 00611112x1 aha. 
noamtfa, npn noMOnp coaAarb, ycepAHO pa3ronaaa bth kjhikh, 
nproeirb, kohohho, npoHcxoAHan HeAopasyirtHia, HawHaBiniacH 
cb ocTport h HacMimeicb h KOHHaBmiHca apecraim: apecTOBaHO 
He iiaao Hapo^a, h b*b hslcjA npoinxi* aioft yiacra noABepraacB 

TpHinKa H MHTBRa-3y60KB. 

Mwn>Kd.-3y6oKb, nocai TpyxoBoft hohh Ha 6epery, rpfr eny 
npHDuioct BHAepsaTB csajiKy cb qfeaoft roanoft, npocnaaB bocb 
A6hb. IlocJii noJiyAHa ero pas6yAHJrB rpmnRa, TO«e ho saAOJiro 
nepeffB tIitb npocHyBndflcfl Ha cfcHOBaai, xyAa ohb ymeai no- 
cal HeyAa^Huxi npesdft bt> jdoaceoA. 

— H-h-h! too 6Hao, Mffrpift HBamrrB, too 6hjio! YsacTH 
npocTo. — H rpmnRa BRpantfb pascRasaaB, too cam yarfcat 
yaHaiB. 

— Tii too xe, AMBoaB, ho pastiyAiurB Mera? 

— JIfl a caMi) tojibko cefiiacb raasa npoApaai*. 

— A tii, npHmjecca, — o6paraaca MHTBKa rx Bome^meft 
arani, — noieMy mohh He pas6yAHaa? 

— EyAerB Cb ie6al 3a ho?b aobojibho Haryaaaca. TyiB h 
668% Te6a on CTpaxa He 8Haio, KaKB Ayma bb rtai y^epaca- 
aacB. 

— y! TBapBl — h SBOHRaa onjieyxa paaAaaacB bb MaaeHBRoft 
yioraoft KOMHart. 

Apama ynaaa Ha AHBaHB h saanaacB rpoicRHKB naaneMi. 

— KaKT> Aynia yAepaaaacB! He 6oAcb, RpinRO, AoaxHO 6mtb, 
chJhtb 0Ha bb Te6i: AOXHemB, AOXHemB, a HHKaKB He caox- 
HeniB.— Apmna enje rpoarce saanaacB. 

— 3a hohb Haryaaacal — npoAoaxaai MHTBKa, noAoflAa kb 
mRa$y h HaanB* ce6i ciaRairB boakh. — HferB, cb io6ofl ch- 
A&tb, bb tboh acmta OHHraaAferBL A neJioBiica to Tain, y6naH. 

H, CMinHBB HsopBaHHBifl HHAacaR'B Ha Apyroft, MHTBKa, RaRl 
6mjtb, rpaamift, HemiTHfi BBimeJiB bb conpoBOXA^HiH TpHmRH. 
y BiixoAa ohb CTqaRHyaca cb AHTOHsraeifB. CiapHEx mraero He 

rOBOpHJTB, TOJIBKO yROpH8HeHHO Ka^aJTB roaOBOK). 

— %o MOTaemB roaoBoft, MaHaniRa? *Iero-arB ctohihb? Hah 
rb Heft, yrtinaftl 

— 9x1, Mma, Mnia! Bora th He 6onmBca. 

— A th 6onniBca! UsaKcy »aaB, a neaoB%Ra y6ajiH, He 
acaaB. Ilpn Te6i 6nan, caifB bha^jtb, RaRB Tep3aan Ha RycRH. 
9to HHqero? Mma! MHTa! 

— A OHa h4itb npnHHHHa? 

— ^mb npHHHHHa, h4mb npn^HHHa! — nepeApasHHBajrb 
MHTBKa CTapHKa. — 0, TocnoAia, RaKB onpoTHBiira, KaKB bc! 
oopoTHBian! 

— A th Bora noan, tto ne 6buix TaMB. ToMy 6h hojebsh 

M 8. 0i&2% I. 8 



114 PyCCKOK BOrATCTBO.* 

ho cfliuiajrb, a cara 6h 6e8npen4HHO yrojpurb, noxanyft, nia* 
6p He ocxaaca. ^afi, BHaenm cboS HpaB-b. 

— Hy, ocTaaca 6h sum ho ocTaaca, a qthmi. SapaHairb pac- 
xepaaTB neaoBiRa He flaa* 6h, — OTBiraai MaTbRa, CRpHBaacb 
sa lepeBMMH aaaea. 

— He OTjajit 6h Ha TepsaHle! - raeniaa'b, raa^a eify Bcaijfb, 
Ahtohhto. — A bott> nojpaTbca caynaft ynycrajTb, bote nero 
Hani auuiKO.— H Ahtohhto Boraeorb bo $anreab Kb Apiimi. 

MniBRa nomeai maiaTBca no ropojjy, nepexoja orb oflHoft 
KyHKH ki Apyrofl n npHCJiymHBMCB Kb pascRasaifb o co6htLdh» 
aha. He oaho pyraiejBLCTBO OTnycraax ohi no aopecy 6yaHOKb, 
h He oaho npoKJuixie noaynuni otb Hero ydiflim HoMopcKaro. 
Oahbtl pa8CKas^HK , b, aobojibho nrpHBO H8o6pa»aBnrifl cijeHy yfiifi- 
ctbb, 6hjtb HeoxHAaHHO oropomeH'b Mhtbko4, 6uBnaan> b*b to- 
cni caymaTeaeft. 

— A Te6a 6h caiforo, CROTHHa, botb Ha $OHapHNft CToaftb! 
HaBipHo, h cam npHaoacnaca: yaeb ohohb Beceao pascRasHBaemb. 

Fa8CKas?HR , B noaaaca Hasans h cmojpcb. 

— A Te6i hto? HniB Kaitofi! $onapHufi ctojt6 , b! 

— Bimafica cara, Roan xonemb,— nocaHmaaocb Cb pasmirb 
cxopoHi. 

— PacxoftHCB, pacxoflHCb! ne myMiiB Tyrb!— pa8*aaca siw- 
nnfl noBejiHTejUJHNft roaocb, h HeaoBiR-b raecTB coaaarb ci npn- 
ctmboitb, t^mx caMHMi, KOTopuft 6ujl% Ha nosapi xoaepHOi 

GoJLbBHIJH, HOAOHLHH KB RyiR*. 

— PacxoftHCb! hto 6yaHHmB? — H npHCiaBi cxaa* nepejfb 

xMliTbKOft. OffB, KaKX H BCH noaHltfa, XOpOfflO SHaJUl Bfc 0011(0 

HseicTHaro ryjuucy h 6yaHa. 

— Mh ho 6yjiHHM , B, Bame 6aaropojpe; mh TaRi npOMexi 
ce(5a, — onpaBAHBaiiHCB jhojh, paacrynaacB. 

— Th nero ctohhib, RaR* Ay^HHa?— KpHKHyjrb npacTaB'B Ha 
MoTLKy, ROTopufl He iporaaca c% Micra. 

— 3— HH^ero,— h MaxBKa OTnycimrb KaKyro-TO ocrpoTy. 

— A, th — aepaocTHl— h npHCxaffb Haaeriurb Ha Mhtlkj, — 
Baaro ero! 

— 3a hto MeHfl 6paiB? hto a Tanoe cffiaaai, hto ifena 

6paib?— CB BHAHMHJTb CHOKOflCTBieiTb B08paaaJTB MffTLKa, 01V 

cipanaa pyity npncxaBa, iepe6HBniaro ero JiaAKaHH. HeflOCTaTOHHO 
;iti MarKO OTCTpamia'b MnibRa dTy pyKy, hjih npoHSonuio hto- 
jih6o AP7 roe 9 ToabRo npHCTaBi>, hohth He noMEa ce6a, KpHiajrb: 

— A-a-a! th ewfi... th en^e.,, th ewfi... th eme... Be- 
paie ero!!. 

MHTBRy ORpyaCHJIH hithrh. 

— A aToro, Bame 6po«ie?— cnpocMH jBoe ropojoBBix'b, jep- 
^aBmie fiHBmaroca y hhx% B'b pyRaxi TpBHiRy. IIpHCTaBi bo- 

npucmejiLHo nocMOTpia'B Ha hhx'b. 



HAQACTL. 115 

— A-aHH, Bame 6po^ie, oju&wb 8a oaho; ami, Bame 6poAie, 
flpyrb 6e8x Apy«Ra!..— noncnurb ropoAOBoft, pocjrafi corojix Koh- 
Apa?yRt, xopomo sHaBmift 06011x1 npiflTanefi h ho pasi hcen- 
TaBinifl T^saiyK) pyKy Mhtbkh 3y6Ka. 

ApecTOBajra h rpHnrey. 

Bi hhcjtI HHi^H^eHTOBi. am HaH6o.n4e HHxepecHHMi> 6hun> 
apecrc> HOme PaficKOft. ApecTOBaHa OHa 6uura npa cjrfeAyronjHX* 
o6cTOflTeju>CTBaxi>. PasrpoMHBt nanojiOBHHy nomijeftcRyio nacre, 
Toiina ABHHyjiacB no raaBHoft yjnm%, no HanpaBJiemio Kb n;eH- 
TpajiLHOfi ropoACROft MonjaAH. Ky.ua coGctbohho nuia TOJraa, — 
HeHSBicTHO. HLia OHa, ROHBonpyeiiaa ex o64hxi> ctopohx riwb 
H68HaHHT6Ji&Huirb hhcjiomt, coamara, ROTopue cnacra orb pas- 
rpoua ropoftCRyio 6ojn>HHny h noaBjieme ROTopiix* BNHyAJMO 
6yaHOBi> ocTaBHTB noanmeftcRyio ?acTb. ToJina mna myirao h bo- 
ceao, He npoaBJiaa, noBHAHMOMy, HHKaKoro jKejiama npoAOJraaib 
6yflciBO. MoacerL 6utb, npHcyiCTBie xora HesHarareabHOft, ho 
Bee ace BOopyaceHHoft chjiu ee yAepatHBaao. IIpoHBBOAHao Bne- 
^aTJiime, *ito racaraaa xojnia ABHraaacb He no CBoeMy npoga- 
BOJiy, hto ee Bean am ABa aecaTRa coaAarb, Roiopue man no- 
saAH h no 6oRairb en. JIioah Beceao pasroBapHBajiE Meacx co6ok> 
h cl Maccofl jno6onHTHHX'L, npHCTaBaBfflHxi> Ha xoAy; a BnepeAH 
ManBHHnmH nrpaan, npuraan h ronaancb 8a RaRofl-TO He6oa&- 
mofl KOMHaTHofl co6a^eHRoft. Kor^a Toana npH6aH8iiaacb rt> bh- 
xoay, ee Tyrb BCTpimao aobojuho BHynmTeabHoe qncao coaAarb, 
ycntBrnHxi npnGHTB H3i> aarepa. 3A^Cb (faurb h ROMaHAyiontfft 
reHepajTB, n ryCepHCftia Baacra, n (toabmaa Macca jno6onHTHHrb 
H8i> paaHHxi) aioeB'L o6rn;ecTBa, Koiopuxx, npn Bceifb ciapaniH, 
nojomin HHRaRi ne yAaBaaocb y^annTb. 

ripoH80fflJiH o6MCHeHia. Hanfioaie cii&oie hlbt> xojmH BHCiy- 
man ct> cbohmh acaaotfauH, He caymaa hh ynpeROB*, hh yBi- 
njaHift. 9th cirfcabHaRH 6hjih BsaTH h nepefiporaeHH bt> phau 
coaAarb. Tojraa aaBoaHOBaaacb; nocatiniaaHCb yrpoacaion^e bos- 
raacu. 

TeHepajib noTpeGoBaai— pasoftracb. IIoTOiiy an, hto 6yaHH 
OKpyateHH 6hjih nodopoHHefl ny6aHROft, nan no APyroft npn- 
HHHi, TOJHbRO Ta xacca, KOTopaa cioajia nenocpeACTBOHHo nepe^t 
BOflCRaim, ho ABHranacb ci> Micia. Tpe6oBaHie 6iuro bAckojibko 
pa3T> noBTopeHO ct> npeAynpeacAOHieirb, bi caynat HenoBHHOBeHLi, 
ynoTpe6HTL bi /$jlo opyaue, ho TOJina ho ABHraaacb... 

K)jdH PafiCKaa CTOHaa y caMaro BbixoAa Ha njioma^B, npn- 
xaiaa ki» ABepairb yrjiOBoro icarasHHa. BnepeAH ea 6mjtb Majib- 
hhri ji^Tb aochth, 6ocoHorift 9 663% manRH. Kor^a paa^anca 
sajnrb, Maab^HRrb BCRpHRHyjrb h ynajrb. Ilyita npo6ajia eiiy 
MJiROTb Horn h nponuia bt> ABepb HarasHHa. K)jria KHHyjiacb Kb 
xajib^HRy. 

— Y6hjih! y6njiH peGeHKal Boah! AORTopa CKopie! Y^acHO, 

8* 






116 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

6es6oatHo! — H TOmsi, He noma ce6a, MerajracB Has* MaiBHH- 

KOM-L, pBOJia CBO& HOCOBOft HJiaTOK'B, H6 3H2Uia, ZdkKb OCTaHOBHTB 

EpoBb. KOTopaa JiHJiacB h3*b paHeHOil Horn h hso pia MaJiBiHRa, 
pacnmSniaro cefii npn naffemH tojooctb. ^Ba coJiaaTa ho«hhjih 
paneHaro. Gtb Hcnyra-jra, hjih otb ynra6a oh*b jumnsjicfl nyBCTBi. 
Djujs 6pocoacfc sa hhitb, npoaoJUKaa BoraoBaTBca, naaRaTB h 
ocwnaTb ynpenaMH BoeHHHXi, ctp&mbihhxi bi Hapo#B. 3to ycn- 
3ESBUO B03Qyx^eHie MaccH. A TaRi> Kara K)jria ne yHiucajiacB, 
to ee BbiBejiH bt> sa^Hie pa^ti, a sarfcarB otbgjih bb nojnmeft- 
CEyio nam., KOTopaa Haxo^HJiact Ha Toft ae nJiom,a#H. 

Ee, KOHenHO, bi tot* ae Beiepi ocBo6o,HHJin; ho cjy^aft 
arorb npoesBeJi'B cencaitfio & BHSBajrbTOJiKHBBoCnjecTBi. CepBes- 
rare h rjiySoKOMHCJieHHHe jhoah noRaiHBajm roJiOBann h BUCRa- 
BMsajrir cepbeaHHa h ray6oROMHCJieHHHa npejnoJioaKeHia; JierKO- 

KHCJTeHOHO H HiyTHHKH— COHHHHJIH aHeRflOTH. Pa8CRa3HBaJIH, HTO 

K)jiia npe^BOAHTeJiBCTBOBajia Tooraoft, flasa cpaaeHieperyaapHHirB 
BoflcKaM-b I, pa36nTaa Ha rojiOBy, cjnoauuia opysie h caajiacB b*b 
njrfein*. Hameaca wane pHeMonaerB, KOTopuft coothhjtb cthhikh 

Ha llOCOilCHLKiJ MOTHB*B, XOpOHIO H3B4CTHHfi nOC&THTeJWlffB jAt- 

naro yeecejiHreaiBHaro aaBeaeHia. B*b axoft nicHi H3o6paxaaocB 
3aTpyjiHHTejiLHoe noaoaceHie nojran;efiMeftCTepa, Korga ohb jBEKbjrb 
lOJiHHbKy, KOTopaa HOCHJiacB t OpjieaHCKOft JKaHHoio nepeffB Toa- 
now nbaHoio>. 

XOTB Xpa6pOCTH HCHHTaHHOft, 

Ho — ^eaOBiK'B BOcmiTaHHBrft — 
Oh'b ^paTBoa b^bb cb a$BHijeK) 
He Mort nocaaTB noaimiK). 

H nocjit KaatRaro Rynaeia otb orama noaimefiMeftcTepa no* 
Biopsaca pe^peHi: 

3a6paTB hxt> bt> toctb Mory m a, 
Kosb bo rjiaBi hx*b IDaia? 

Bcixi* 6ojo»me 3thmt> craniRairB cm&aaacB caHa IDaia h bho- 
cjrbACTBln, noffB aROMnaHHMeHTB $opienBaHO, cana hxb pacni- 
sajia h sacxaaaaaa nfoB apyrnxi. 

Ha ApyroS johb nocjrfc 683nopaAROBB BJiacin npucTyMan kb 
crt^ciBiw. ^epes* HicRoaBKO RHeft aoSpajiHCB jo Cepria Bspio- 
KOBa, h BBiicrt cb hhmi> 6hjih apecTOBaHu HOHTH BCi JO0JH KHa3H 
KefiCTy Tb-BiuniHCKaro, b*b tomb hhcjt& CTapHR'B Ahtohh^i h ^ep- 
Has Eyxapita AB^OTBa, «MapKrpa$HHa». 

XIV. 

XojiepHue CesnopajKH h BOSHHRmee sarfeirB cttiACTBie ho- 
nplaTHO oTpasHJiHCB Ha KHasi ReftCTyrB-BHJQiHCROM'B h jifixe 
irtCKOJiLKo saff&nH ero ofin^ecTBeHHoe nooioaeHie. 



HAUACTB. 117 

Khasbji KeftCTyrB-BmiHHCKie bbjih cbo ft pox* hb*b JIhtbh. Bt» 
TpnjmaTHXi) ro^axi HacToamaro CToaiTia, bt> oahoitb hsi nixoi- 

HKIX'B HOJIKOBX HORb MOCKBOK) CJiyXHJTB BT> hhh% KanHTaHa OTe^ 

Hamero AaeRcaHApa BjiaAHCJiaBOBMa, rhabb BjiagHCJiaB'b EasH- 
MipoBEHi KefiCTyrL-BauHHCKifi, yjse npaBOCJiaBHuft no Maiepn, 
aoHepn KaKoro-io ceRyHA^-Maiopa. 

KpaCHBUfi, CKpOMHBlfi RaHHTaffB 6HJTB BX02CB BB AOMT> H3B4CT- 

naro bt> to Bpeica 6oraqa 3jio6KOBa, noepaBHJica Maiepa h npa- 
vjimyxc& AO^epn Bapi. Gb aioft Bapefi, nocjii CMepTH eaoTija 
h eAHHCTBeHHaro 6paTa, r-b RanHTaHy nepenuio Bee orpoMHoe co- 
croflHie 3jro6aoBa 7 roxophmb obi, OAHaRO, He AOJiro noJTBSOBajca: 
om yMepx vb xojiepy copoKX bocbmoh) roAa, 0CTaBHBi> aeHy ct> 
AByua AonepBMH h ^ecaiHJiiTHBMi) cbihomb, Camefi. Cama poet 
Ha pyKaxx CoarlsHeHHoft, pejiariosHofi Maxepn, oRpy&eHHHft raHB- 
KaMH, ryBepHaHTKaMH, npHKHBajiKaMU n CoroMOJreaini. Eroroxo- 
bhjih Bi yHEBepcHTen; ho, bm4cto yHHBepcHieTa, ohb b*b ABaA- 
uaxB Jiirt, b-b hhh4 Ropnexa B— CRoro rycapcRaro noma, o^y- 

THJICfl BT> 60JLLmOin> MaiOpOCCiftCKOMB MicieTCfc, CaMOftJIOBKt, TJ& 

CToajPB ero acRaAporo. IlaxB jiirB npo»HjrB ohx TaM*B. Ckpom- 

HBlft, MOJIHaJTHBHfi H 8aCTtHHHBHft, OH*B JRHJTB HO HO-ryCapCKH H 

Aajieso HHJK6 cbohxT) cpeACTBi. ToBaprajH nasuBajiH ero khjhk- 
HOft. y xos^HHa ero KBapTHpu 6tnra KpacHBaa A OTKa > OaapKa. 
Ifa Romjy naxaro ro^a bt> CaMoftjiOBRy npiixaaia kbatvlrz Bap- 
BapaTHxoHOBHa h, nocjii noxmx'b ycnjiifl, npn coA$ficxBiH cxapnKa 
dCKaApoHHaro KOMaH^npa, cuaBua Camy bb ropoA*, bt> noJi- 
KOBoft mra6'L, a O^apKy yBesjia cb co6oh>. OaapKa nepesi xpn 
Micaija poAHJia CHHa JJjMnxpia (Bnocjr&ACTBiH MaiBRa 3y6oRi>); 
a Cama iepe3T> TpH ro^a aceHMca Ha AonepH AHpeRTOpa raima- 

8iH, Co^Bi HHRaHOpOBH^ EoflraeHRO. 

UepBwe roAU nocoii aceraTBfiH rhjisb npoBejrB wb qyjKUX'B 
Kpaaxi, Haisaaa jihhib He HaAOJiro b*b ctojdmjh; sarfcifB noce- 
jihjich b-l KonBeBKi, a no 8&MaifB acHJit b*b ropoA^. CoBepmeHHO 
HeoxHAaHHo jsfla. ce6a h hombko CBoefi bojih notias'B owb CHa- 
qajia bb yisAHBie, a hotoitl bb ryfiepHCKie npeABOAnreora. 

Bb ABopiJHCKOfi cpeAi, nocjii xojuepmixi* 6e3nopflAROBB h4- 
ROTopyio nnmy nyBCTBy HeAOBOJibCTBa jajio enje to oficToaTeoiB- 

CTBO, HTO, no B03HHKHOBeHlH CJliACTBifl, HOTTH Wfe JHC\1H KHA3H 

6lijih npHBueieHH n toctbio apecxoBaHU. KaRi-TO BCRopi pac- 
npocTpaHHJiCH cjiyxB, hto bi> HHCJii apecTOBaHHHX'B caMHM'B rjiaB- 
hhmb A^HTejieiTB, noACTpeRaTOJeMi) h qyxB He y6iftn,eK) IIomop- 
CRaro ORasuBaeTca HiRift MHTBRa-SyeoRi; hto ototb 3y6oRB — 



118 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HHRTO HHOfi, KaKB HOSaROHHllft CHWb RHH3A, npHJKETBlft CI RaROfi- 

to nojiBRoft h caMt nyiB He CRpuruft RaTOJorocB. 

KaKt tophb, noTpaceHHafl yacacoin* HeGuBajroft caiepTHOCra, 
bt> naHH^ecRoirb cipaxi HCKana to timrapyi, to camuiHHaHRyi 
h roTOBa 6biJia BipmB BcaROMy HejiinoMy cjyxy, raRfc h o6in;e- 
ctbo, omanoMJieHHoe SyHTOM'L, nycTMOCB b* o&iacTB caioix'B $an- 
xacTH^ecKHX'L npefluonoaceHifi, AoraAORfc h noAOspimft. Oho 
He xorfcao bha^tb b«l 6e8nopaAKax*B npocToe npoaBJieHie Teif- 
hoth rpyCoft, Bcerxa h Bes^i no^ospHTejiBfloft Maccu;HanpoTHBx, 
oho totobo 6buio o&bhchotb ce(Ji cotfurta bc6mt>, ?iirB yroAHO 

TOJIbKO H6 3T0ft npOCTOfl H flMCTBHTeJIBHOft HpHTOHOft. OflOTaKXe, 

Kara n qepHB, HCKajio <mMapy» h faHrjnrcaHxy>, tojibro b* 
o6pasi 3JiOBpeAHHx*B noACTpeRaTeJieft Bcixx bosmoshbixi HaHMe- 
HOBamft n Haiti*, ij&ie* h crpeMneHift. 

— H4n>, CaieHBKa, tjtb hg xojiepa! He sqepa po^hjihcb: He 
npoBe^ere. Hm,HTe norayfiace! 

— He noB-fepio a, w bth o6opBaBHH He 8HaiorB, tto TaRoe 
xojiepa. IlycTflRH! PasBi ohh ee He bha&ih bo> copoira bocb- 
mobtl roAy? 

— KaKoe b*b copORx bocbmoitb! Bi T. b*b 1871 6hjml xo- 
Jtepa h noiHnje Hameft, a 6yma He 6hjio. Hfrra, pa6orajm jiioah, 
noxHTpte btkxi o6opBmneft. 

— A bbi pasBi He cjoimam, reri rrpn pasrpoirii anreKH 
HrpanH Ha $opTenBflHo, a& eme hto!.. 

— A TO)? 

— Mapcea&esy, botb hto, 

— Hfrra, He MapcejiBeay, GeAop* Akhmbttb; a cjaunaJTB, to> 

HOJIBCKlft rHMHL. 

— HoJiBCRift raiffli 3T0— bi apjtoicb irfccri. Hy, nycRaft h 
nojacRift mien*. %o jki, no BameMy, bto CeperoBBie rpiotohrh 
Aa cojieMOJiH HrpanH nomcslt rmcffB Ha $opTenBHHO? 

— c^yGnHymKy* niura, Kor^a hijih Ha noJumeflCKyio nacTBl 
3to kto, no BameMy, h^jtb? To»e kpiotohkh ofopBarajH? 

— A BOTB BTOTB 3y60K-B HJIH 3y6KOB'B — raaBHuft saHHHn^nnb 
h pyROBOAHTeoiB: ohb, roBoparo, no-$pam(y3CRH ofeacHaerca, hto 
tboA TajieflpaffB. Bora h hx-b npeBocxoAHTejBCTBO sHaiorB. He 
TaKx-jH Bame ip-BO? 

— TOBOpHTl, HTO OHB SHJTB y RH£8fl? 

— EaRoe xMjfbl ToBoparB,— ohi npaico curb ero oitb Ra- 

ROft-TO mJWXTflHKH H HO Cefl^aCB, rOBOparB, KaTOJIHICB. MaTB 

TO^e, roBop^TB, ao chxi nopB ta%-to y rhash b-b hh^hIh sol- 
herb. He npaBAa-jra, Bame np — bo? 



HAIUCTB. 119 

— #a, Raxerca, ktosb dioiiy 3y6Ry npHXOAHTC* poactboh- 

HHKOMB*.. HTO-TO BT> pOA* OTDia... CT> MaTOpHHCKOfi, 3Ha8T6, CTO- 

poHH,— ocTpHJTL reHepajra Ceprift Chaopnto. 

Tasi roBopHJioci> bi 6y$eiHoft AOMa ABopaHCTBa, 17$ aaci- 
Aaoio dKCTpeHHoe coCpame ry6epcRaro sencTBa, cosBaHHaro bcjAa* 
8a 6esnopaAKaMH. Tobophjih, CJiymajiH h Bipnjm, h HHKoxy He 
npnxoAMO bb roJiOBy BCMOTpixtca no6jra«e, yGipETtca — 
BipHH jsh CJiyxH Mapcejn>e3%, nojacROM* noral, h t. a.; 
BipHJiH h c% HeTepniHieiTB at^ara CRopftftmeft sanpiTH, CKopifi- 
maro ocBotioxAeHia on A&BHBmaro bc4xb CTpaxa, cicopiftmaro 
npeftpamente h HCKopeHema dcyru h, bi oco66hhocth, HaRasa- 
Hia, npHMipHaro, crporaro HaRasaHta. Oahhx cyxofi, KaKB CTajn> 
ynpyrift, HiiieifB, OBijeBo/c&, jojiro cjiyatHBiiiIft y Coraiaro 6apHHa 
h no CMepra ero xeHHBmiftcfl Ha ero BecBMa noxuoft baob*, 

SaflBHffB, HTO <6e3 r B CMepTHifl RaBffB HeJ3H UpHBOflHTB R*B nopa- 

AORb: pyccRit HOJiOBdRi hh aobojho JioftajrB». 

Ilpa xaKOMT) ofim.eM'B HacxpoesdH pocjio ^bctbo He^OBOJibCTBa 
h He^OBipia ri rha8K). 3to OTHomeme k% Heify oCmeciBa cRa- 
sajiocL aaate bt> npemaxB raacHHXB* Oahhb naBiciHiift cbohmh 
jiHCepanLHUMH b8hiha&m& raacHiift BucRasajra, to> <bx xojiep- 

HHXB 6e8nOfWISKaX r B H8B*CIHyK) AOJDO 0TB$CTB6HH0CTH HeceTB 

caiio seMCTBo cbohmb paBHOAymieMB h He6pexHOCTBK> eb HapoA- 
HOMy o6pa80BaHiio». 

nonunH npenia; ORasaaocB, ito 6eciffi c% HapoAOirB aurb 

HOJIBS* A63HH$6RIllH HlrfieTB npaBO BeCTH JIHEDL O^HO H6H0- 

cpeACTBeHHoe HaiajiBCTBO h, b*b HSBftcraoifb aiyqat, gyxoBeH- 
ctbo. C^aHO npeAJioaeHie: xoAaTaficiBOBaTB, bb BH^y hcrjuo- 

HHTeJIBHHXB OfiCTOaTeJTBCTB'B, A08BOJI6HiH nOCTOpOHHHlffB JIMjaiTB 

co6npaTB am bto* itfura cejBCRle cxoah. 

Rhh8B HaxoAHJii TaKyio iripy BecBHa irfmecooCpasHoft h bh- 
CRasajrB, wo HapoffB, sa p$arhich HCRJoowHiaim, AhftcTBOBajrB 
<cjrfcno, KaKx ahth>; hto OTcyxciBie rpa6eaceft AORasuBaerB, tto 
«8th ocJiinjieHHBie a*th> cipeMHJiHCB, npaBAa, bb ahroA h 6es- 
o6pasHoft $opMi, ho bb cyn^HOCTH «jihiiib kt> cauo8an^HT%>, ca- 
MOsamHrt, cb hxb tohkh 8pisifl f €H6o6xoAHMOft h cnpaBe^H- 
Bofi»; too CesnopaAKH MoryrB hobtophtbch, h acaaiRO, RaRB «ho- 

BHHHHXB acepTBB, TaKB H 9THXB OCJTfeHJieflHHXB A^Teft»... 

IIOAHflJICfl rJiaCHllft H8B ROHCOpBaTOpOBl. MOJUOAOft RpacHO- 
pfoHBNft, CB BUCmHlTB 06pa80BaHi61TB H COCTOflTOJIBHUft H6JI0- 












120 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

b4kb, oht> o6panjajrb Ha cefa oCnjee BHHMaHie h cbohhh bos- 
spimaicH, h cBoeio (utaroBociuiTaHHOCTBio, h TaKTOMB. «Le beau 
Serge > HasuBajiH ero xaira; «Hann> 6yAyntf& npeABOAHTeJiB>, 
roBopnjiH o Hein> KyxmBn. Ct> HecBOflCTBeHHOK) eiiy aanajib^a- 
boctbk) BaroBopHjn> ohi> npoiHBi npeAJKUKema, KHAaa bhsu- 

Baiomie B3IMHAH Bl CTOpOHy KHH3JL 

H npeAJioxeHie cb ipecKOirB npoBajnuiocB. 

— EpeKpacHo, Moft joporoft apyrs, npeKpacHo! — roBopHJTB 
reHepajn> Cepr&ft Chaophhb, Kpiso noaciraaa pyity MOSOAOMy 
opaxopy. — Kohotho, Aiieft acajuco, ohohb xajnco, ez oco6ennocmu 
C80UX& co6cmeewHbtxb dtbmeul — Ao6aBajn> oh*, cb 8HaiHiejii>H0ft 
yjiu6R0ft oroiaAHBaa npncyTCTByiomiix'B. 

Ceprfcft CnflopHYB bb bth ipeBOKHue ahh samuiB bb raa- 
saxi ofimeciBa BHAaiomeeca nojoxeme. 06hkhobohho Jua6esHHft, 
rayiJiHBo-CHHCxoAHTejiBHufl, oht> CTaJtb CAepxaHHie, MOjnajiHBie 
h BaxHie. HeyAOCTOHBaBmlft npeawe 36MCRaro coSpaHis cbohmh 
nocin^eHiflMH, xotji h nocioaHHO saoTOO HsfiHpaemift bb raac- 

HH6, OHB Ha 9T0TB pa8B flBJIJIJICfl RaSA0AH6BH0, CHA*JT&, cay- 

majTL h saraAOHHo MoaraaiiB. H tojilko bb nepepiiBaxB, RorAa 
rjiacHHe Kpyauwuni cnopmra, r paiejihcb, efrroBajra n bt> oco- 
6eHHOCTH o6bhhhjih, o6bhhh3ih 663% pasCopa Bcixi h Bca,— Cep- 
rfcft Cn^opuHX tokb 611 mhmoxoaom'b npoEffc«HBaaB ckbosb sy6H: — 
a b4a& 8to umz a^bho roBopHJiB, AftBHO umz npeflCKaatiBajTB; 
hjqh: ohu m6ha 9 kohghho, noftnyrB, ho, Moxerb 6htb, cJUnnKoira 

H03AHO. 

HHKTO, K0H6HH0, B'B TOTOOCTH H6 SHaJTb, KTO TaKie 8TH OHU, 

KOMy ohb roBopHJTB h npeACKasHBaax n Koiopue ero He nocay- 
majra; ho hmghho 9Ta HeHSBiciHOCTB, aia saraAoraocTb npn^a- 
Bajia ero caoBam, caoBam* tnoHTi caHOBHHKa> 6ojn>moft b^cb 
h sHa^eHle. Ero caymaaH, eicy BHHicaaH, noKaiHBaan roaoBara h 
Aajse BSAHxaan no noBOAy Toro, qio ohu wb cboo BpeMa ero ho 
nocjiymajiH. 

H Ceprift Chaopmyb craHOBBaca Cb kurahmi AHem Bee 
BasH^e h saraAOwhe h Bee 6oJiie ^upKaJTB KaKi bb CTopoHy 
npeABOAHieJui, xaKi h ry6epHaxopa. Ki» aroicy ^upsaHBio otho- 
chuhcb cb rhwb 6ooiBniHM'B BHHMameM'B, ito o6BJiCHflj[H ero 
othioab He KaKOK)-jm6o 8aBHCTBK>, a HM6HH0 BHcmHMH coo6pa- 
^emflMH rocyAapcTBeHHaro CBOflcTBa. Oh-b ^aace RaKi-ro pasx 



I r 



I' i 

» I 

ft 



HAHACTB. 121 

BBipasMca: — y MeHa 6iun> oahhb Tanoft ryfiepHaiop'B,— h xotb 
BciM'B H3BiciH0 6bi.ho, ito ohb HHKorAa He saHHMajTb raKoro 
coiyjRe6Haro nojioaceHia, npn kotopomi «y Hero> Mora 6un> ry- 
6epHaTopi> ) h Bee ace caymajra, BHHMajni, xoahjih, 4sahjih kt» 

H6My, COB*THBaJIHCI> CI HHlfb H HOy^aJIHCB. 

— He cyflH, He cyAe6HHa npeHia h He ajBOKarcKoe KpacHO- 
pi<rie Basil* HyatHH, a — irtpn, iriipH, MOft Aoporoft! — CKasajra 
oht> OAHajRAM bb ofimecTBi. H bc4 corjracHJiacB, hto HyjKHH 
irtpBi> h— acAajm trlpi. 

— He 3Haio ; AoraAaioxcH jeh ohu maw* h AOCTaiouo jih 0«# 
ocBiaoMJueHH?— CKasajix oh* wb flpyroft pas*. — H bc4 HCKpeHHO 
aceJiajiH, ^to6h Ceprfeft Chaophh*b uxb HaAoyMBUFB h Haftnexa- 
rn;HMi> o6pasoin> uxz osHaKOMHJTB cb nojiosemeifB Bereft. 

A Ceprifl Chaophyb MHorosHawiejiBHo MOJnajrB, He othh- 
*aa, BrrpoieMi>, Ha^eac^u, too oh*, MoaeerB 6utb, h aaroBO- 
pnrB, r«i caiffyerB, h yKaaerB, Kony coiiflyerB, 

Mon Aldegonde, 

La blonde 

Doit plaire i tout le monde... 

HaniBajrB om, bxoa& bi cboio xojiociyio KBaprapy, cTapsHHyio 
maHCOHeiKy, sayieHHyio hkb enje b'b mojoaho roAH: 

Doit plaire, doit plaire 

Doit plaire i tout le monde!.. 

BHBOAHJTB ORB, HrpHBO paaUTCHBaflCB, H CTOCTJOTBO yjm6ajiCH, 

HpnnoHHHaji, cb nun rjiy6oKHMx yBaatemearB BHHMaJio eicy 
b'b dioTB Benepi AOBip^HBoe o6meciBO, cb Kaicmrb ynoBameMx 
BSHpasH Ha Hero h nyiB He mojihjih o noMomH... 

TaRi pocx aBTopHTenb ry6epHCRaro «hohth caHOBHHKa>, h 
8Haieme ero noAHMaaocB. noA* KOHeifB oh* ciara rftaaiB Ha- 
MeKH, <KaKi> 6h caMOMy He npnnuiocB npotxaiBca myda, xora 

H OTOHB He XOHeTCH>, H B'B KOHI# Jliia OffB, A^fiCTBHTeJIBHO, 

yixajrB. 



XV. 



a e Kmbb He sairircairB mh He xortorB saiifriaTB droro oraorae- 

Hia ki H6My oGm.ecTBa. Ero ropasAO 6ojiBme 8a6omra Mhth h 
Ahtohhhb. noaiiAHeifB ohb 6hjfb y64aAGHfc, wo oetb ape- 

* ciOBaHi) 6esBHHHo. Orb 3Hajn>, hto ciapHKB <ne cnoco6affB Myxa 

ifl o6ha%tb> h 6hjtb coBepmeHHo cnoKoesTB sa Hero: cpas^CHHTOi 

ao- h ocbo6oahi:b». 

tf« Apyroe jsjbjio — Mhth. KaKi> hh yBipajia ero Apmna, wo 

Mora bo Bpeicfl CesnopHAROBi bocb aghb npocnajn», eicy He b%^ 

P Phjiocb: oht> 3HajrB, naKi Apnina jhoGhtb CBoero rpyfiaro 6yaHa. 

^ H niiTB MeHie ohb eft b^phjtb, niMi 6oaie com^BajiCH, viwb 



122 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

scnie npe^cTaBjwjrL OffB ce6i Mhtk) bi Toani flHROft, (SyHTyio- 
meft HcpEH, rfeifB 6oa4e ciaHOBHJiocb eMy 6ojtbho h sa ee6a, h 
3a Mdtiu, rfcirb 6oa4e noflaBaaao ero yace ho pas* oxBaiMBaB- 
mee ero cosaame CBoeft bhhobhocth nepeffb 3thitl 6y&nwrb, 
neo6y3AaHHbJMT> Mmeft. He ohi jih cain» BHHOBarb bi» toitb, yto 
Mhth BLnne.ii* TarairB HejiOBiKOM'b? IlycTB nepBHe rojH ero k6t- 
ctbe ont He ofipamajn* BHHMaHia Ha ero BOcmrraHie: cairb 6uwb 
mnoxb h rjijm. A nocai? Mnrfc He 6hjio enje AByxx arfera, RaR* 
noKofleafl kehthha BHAaaa saMyrcb ero Mara, ero ae ociaBHJia npa 
cefii- MajsBiHK'b pocb, 3HaJi^, hto oieiyb ero— Cy^eriHRi HBanb, 
MaTb — OaapKa, h bt> to ate BpeMa ciapyio rhjjthhk) HasuBajrB 
6a6yniKufl. Ea6ymRa-RHflTHHfl ero CaaoBaaa, same rysepHaHTRy 
BSHJia n Aom>, ho CKopo yMepjia. Bi ceMbi 6y$eT?HKa HBaHa 
Mhth HyBCTBOsajTb ce6a lyxHifB, bi ocoCeHHOcra, Ror^a yMepaa 
ero MaTL, 10 canoft CMepiH ocTaBmaaca xoxaymRoft OAapRoft, 
Ao caMofi CMepiH He npHBHKmaa rt> ^yatnoft eft sejraRopyccRoft 
cpejvk Bt, leTtipHawaTB aftra MaabOTCb ysHaai TaftHy CBoero 
poatAcnia h y&fcawurb on HBaHa. — BiAHHft Mhth! IIpaMO 6u 
Basra in. ce6i cjr&AOBaao nocai CMepra MaTymsH. IIpaBjDta, — 
Co$h... Hy, ito arc> Go$h? HeMHoro HaCTOft^HBOCTH h xapanxepa, 
h— tojilko. A rjnaBHoe, npaBAy, npaBAy He ca^AOBaao CKpuBaiB 
ovh Hero. Bee paBHO ysHaai, tojibko ysHaai orb apyraxv, poA- 
Hoft me oieiiB CKpuBajra orb Hero, OTraaRHBaa* ero! B4jhhS 
Mht#L Passi .bto momo HaBcerja oeraxbea xaftHOft jpa Hero? 

II 3aDHCb H31. I^epKOBHOft KHHTH KSLKb TO ftOtilUFb. 

— fl, roaopHTb, HesaKOHHopoaAeHHuft CUWb A^BHipi MMO- 
pocciaaKH O^apiH OcianeHKOBoft. — MaaopocciaHRa Ojapia OcTa- 
neHKOBa! Taia> nepeBejrb Ha pyccRift hshrx xoxaauRyio O^apRy 
CTapn*ieKT> cBanjeHHHR'b, RpecmBmift Mhtk). Jlyqrae He GbyMforb... 

— H HTO &a AHBO HBTH AefiOIHH, H 3T0 HbflHCTBO, H... 3Ta ate- 

HHTbGa na Ao^epn ceabCRaro iracapa! KaRi eMy He oaedo- 
WTbca? ^pyroft 6h Ha ero Micri, Moacerb 6htb... a y aroro 
npaot atfla, h HpaBi, n CHaa RasaRa OdaneHRa... BiftHHft 
Mhtji!.. A KaRoft xopomift Majft^HRi 6hjii h — Tenepb, bx flynrfi 
coBctn He 3jroft ^eaiOBiR'b... KaRi jnofinrb JleHOHRy! Ko mb* — 
KaK"B-TO :KejraHO; kt> Co$h en^e xyae, ri cbohmi AiTaMi 6yffro 
coBcin-L paBHOjyraeffb, a Kb JleHO^Rt... 

— Th xorfeiia 6h 6htb Moeft cecxpoft, JleHO^Ra? 

— KoeeiHO, Mhth, xo^y! 

— Ho irl^b th RHflXHa; a a, a... npocToft MyatHR-b. 

— TaKt ^to-x^! fl Te6a, Mhta, jdoCjho o^em, th xopomifiL 
,HyMMx 5 — hhrto ero He caHnrarb. H RaRi» iffejioBajrb JleHO^Ry, 

KaK'b i^tjroBaj'b!.. BiAHtift Msta!.. Tenepb, Moacerb 6htb, o6bh- 
Harb, saMioqarb bi TiopbMy, a to, noacaayft, sacyjarb h.„ co- 
mjiiOT'Ll Bt^nuft Mofi Mhth!.. 



HAHACTB. 123 

BGfcxaJia JleHOHRa, b% h$croabro npuuRROBi oiyimiacB Ha 
ROAiHAx* y oma h pyHKaim ofiBHJia ero men). 

— Mhccl roBopHTB, hto mh saBTpa nepeisjKaeiTL bi EonBeBRy. 
IIpaB^a, nanoraa? 

— JJa, MHJiafl: bh saBTpa bppre. 

— A th, nanoHKa? 

— fl npii^y nocori, nepes* h*croj[bro AHeft. 

— HirB, nana, nofoacaft h th; a He jik>6jiio, Kor^a th ho 
$AemB. 

— ^to jkb, AiTOHKa, h$croabro ftHeft npoCyAemB cl MaMofi, 
a nocjrt h a npii^y. 

— fl He juo6jqo; a jdo6jod, Kor^a h nana, h Maica. 

Ehasb nfcaoBaai ea MAntie, BOJrancTue boaoch. JleHoraa sa- 
M&nuia rpycraoe BHpaJKeme ero jaa&. 

— A Te6i, nanoraa, He cRyrao 6031 Masra? — cnpocnjra Jle- 
HOHKa, taaaa na 6ojn>moft nopipenb ciapoft rhahihh, BHciBmifl 
wb RataHerl rhasa. 

— %o, JTeHOHRa? 

— Besi) MaMH ie6i He cRyrao? 

— B^ab fl nepes* hScroabro AHeft npiiay kb xe6i h eb 
MaM%!— co bsaoxomi otb^thjh* rhasb. 

— HfcrB! 6e» TBoeft MaMH, 6e8-B aroft, 6031 6a6ymRH, — 
noacHHJia JleHowa. H bhobb BsrAAHyB'B bt> jum;o rhasio, npa- 
naua ki> HeMy.— B£ahh& nanoHRa! Te64 CRyrao 6e8i> TBoeft MaMH. 

— H4n>, moa Rponmna! h^tl, moa MaieHBRaAl cb to6ok> 

MHi He CKJTHHO. Th — MOA MKMa, Til — MOA COCTpa, TH — MOA 
AOTOHBRaL 

Toiasa rhasa noflepHyjiHCB BAaroft; bi> roAoefc cAmnaaocB 
cjia6oe, no^ra CTapiecRoe apoacaHie, RaRoro JleHoraa paHBme He 
cjnjxana. 

— JIomaAH noAaHH! — aojioshjtb AaReft h bca^a* 3a hhm-b 
Ha nopori noRasaxacB rhathha. 

— S[ He 3Haio, Alexandre, saltan* th HenpeMftrao xotoihb 
ixaTB myda? Mh$ RaseTCA, — npeftocTaBHTB, noRa bhachhtca. 

Ehasb MOJnajTB. 

— Y nuxb ecTB Bee, hto HysHo; RaaAuft fjssb nocKiaeTCA. 
A th HenpeM^HHO caMi Ao6HBaemBCA£CBHAaHiA, noRa He bhac- 

H6H0... 

Ehasb npoAOJOUUTB moatotb. 
Ho^xaJTB dRsnaxi ry6epHaTopa. 

— AHflpeft IlaBAOBHYB, noMorHie, noxaxyftcra, mh$ yroBo- 

PHTB RHA3A OTXOACHTB CBBflame Ha BpeMA, UORa BHACHHTCA, — IIo 
TOHy BHffHO <$HAO, 1TO RHATHHA H6 B*B nepBHft pa3T> 06% 8T0M*B 

roBopHTL cb ry6epHaTopoirB. 

— Aa, a Toace noxarajrB 6h, noRa... 

— He sanoAoapATB ah h moha b*b coiyBCTBiH h no^CTpeRa- 



S; 



124 ryCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

TeJi£CTB%?— nicEOJiiKa ptsKO nepetfHJTB ero kmsb, — h Kara 6u 

CaiTB OSaA^BEHHfi TOHOMX CBOOft $pa3H, MflTKO npH6aBHjn>: — 

IIpocTHTe, AE^peft DasjioBHYB! HocHflHTe cb aeHOH), a CKopo 
BosspamycB* Mbi b4^l aaBTpanaeifB bm$ct£, He npaB^a jih? 

HO BEA^TB AHTOEHia H MllTH) KHA8H) H6 npHDMOCB. — UpH- 

Kasano HEKOMy ne floaeoJiaTB CBH^ama, HHKOMy, — ebxl 6u hsbh- 

HJlflCB, flOJIOatHJrfc TlOpeMHMft CMOTpHTeJIB. — A *ITO KaCaeiCfl RO 

itpecTMHHHa ^MHTpia 3y6KOBa, — npaCaBHJTB okb, — TaKB btotb 
b*b ceKpeiHOfi KaHepi* BnpOTeirB, ahh BacB, Bame ciaxeaiBCTBO, 
BipOATHo CyjerB HCKJnoieBie. Ecjih npHKaateie, a cnporay no 
Tejie^oHy- 

Ho EHJisB nofijiaroAapaJTB CMOTpHiera h yixaro. 

KOIJl-m IIEPBOft 1AGTH. 

A. HeMMpoBCKitt. 



i 



Pa3BHrie ochobhhxb EB^surb nojjaTHaro 
odjioaceHiii fl 3ana;Q;H0& EBponl 



i. 

OfimecTBeHHoe pas^jreme Tpyja npHHaflaesmrB kb tocjij Bam- 
HiftnmxB $aKTopoBB coqiaiBHOft shshh. Bjraroaapa eMy, HapoflHoe 
xoaaficTBo aBiaeTca He MexamqecKHin, coeflHHeHieirb exjmwnp, a op- 
raHsraecsHicB i^jou'l, bt> KOTopoMt cocTaBHiia tooth «pa6orax)rb Kas- 
flaa Aia Bcixi, h bo* am KaK#oi» *). OTfliiBHim OTpaom HapoflHa- 
ro xoaaficTBa mrlirrB caMOOToaiejBHoe oynjecTBOBaHie toilko iiobh- 

AEHOMj; B*B ^fiCTBHTaiBHOGTH 86 Offfc HaXOflHTCH BTb HOJHOH 3aBH- 

chmocte otb Bcero MOzaHEsua, AecnoTHqecKoft Boat soToparo offfc aojuk- 
hh CesnpesooiOBHO HOBHHOBaTBca. Ilpn o6oy»fleHiH 3KOHomraecKHX , b 
KaTeropift HeiBaa nodTOicy hoxo^htl orcXacTHaro xosaftOTBa, ynycKaa 
H8i» BH^y ero o6in,ecTBeHHMt xapaKTep^ ero HepaspiiBHyD gba3b cl 
HapoAHUiTB xo8flftcTBoin». Jt^si npaBMBHaro cystoma o xoaaftcTBeHHHxt 
aMefidaxi. h6o6xoahmo oTnpaBjaTbca otb ijiaaro kb ero toothmb, otb 
HapoflHaro xosaftcTfia kb ero qjeHaMi,. PaBHHifB o6pa30Mx h rocy- 
AapoTBeHHoe xobhSctbo HeJiBsa pasoiiaTpHBaTB sara fffcra) coBepmeH- 
ho caMOCToaTejrtHoe, hh ot> vbwh He CBasaHHoe h hh otb *ero He 
aaBHcamee: oho hh (Joaie, hh MeHie Kara o#Ha mn> cociaBHHXB ia- 
CTefi Hapo^Haro xosaicTBa, cToamaa bt> HepaspiiBHofi oprararaecKoft 
CBH8H ob qacTHHMH xo8oftoTBaMH . Hapo,nHoe xo3flficTBO npeacraBJifieT'B 
co6o», TasHirb o6pa30in>, ooe^HHeme tocthhxb xo3aftcTBB <tb o6me- 

CTB6HHEIMH; HapOAHO-X03HfiOTB6HHafl ftilflTeJBHOCTB 6CTB COTOTaHie flt*- 
TeJTLHOCTH qaCTHHXt XOSaiCTBB CB fliffTeJIBHOCTBl) 06n^e0TB6HH£IX'B 

oonsoBB (rocy^apcTBO, 86MCTB0, ropofli). Kaac#NJi h3t» aim* saeHOBB 
yAOBJEOTBopflOTB cboh noTpefiHOcrn H3B o6njaro $OHfla Hapo;pro-xo3aft- 

GTBOHHfiEX'B flOXOflOBB. HaillOHaJEBHHft flOXOJfB jtfuiHTCa Ha MH0S6CTB0 

floaeft, H3B KOTopux'L o#Ha haotb Ha yaoBaeTBopeme noTpe6HOCTe8 
rocy^apcTBa (h otfmecTBeHHHXB coidsobb Boo6me), a Jtpyria AOCTaeT- 
ca tocthhmb xosHHOTBaH'B **). ^HHaHcoBHe opraHH— »xo, no $nry- 
paiBHOMy Bupasemi) rHe$je, cAoscsa, KOTopyjo rooy^apciBO HapaBHi 



*) K. Rodbertus-Jagetzoff. Das Kapital, 80. 
**) 2M&, 86. 



126 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

ox ApyrHMH xoaaftcTBaMH norpysaeTB b-b o6myro KoaoccajMyio mhckj 
HanJoHajiBHaro aoxojja, mto6u noiepnHyTB oTTy^a cooTBtTCTBesHyH) 
qacTB HanloHaiBHaro np0H3B0flCTBa, Kara MaTepiaiBHiia cpeflCTBa cbo- 
ero cymecTBOBasia* *). Ho cymecmey TaKt tfiraaerB h 6nBajo Bcer- 
fla, bo bc4 BpeHeHa h 7 Bctxi Hapo^OBi). Ho tfopMa, Vb KOTopoft 
rocyaapcTBo nojyqaen> cboh cpe^CTBa, cnocofo, kotophmb nponcxo- 
jsjsvb BHfliuieHie rocy^apcTBy ero aojih mvb HaijioHaaBHaro aoxofla,— 
BapBHpyioTca bt» saBHCHMOCTH otb opram3aijiH HapoAHaro xo3aficrBa, 

OTL BKOHOMHTOCKarO OTpOfl. rOCyflapCTBeHHOO X03flfiCTB0 3a4cl OTpa- 

saeTB bt> ce64 cyj$>6u o6maro HapoflHO-xoaaftcTBeHHaro paaBffria. 

Ha sapi nojumnecKOft *h3Hh eoto^hzkoitb rocy^apcTBeHHtixx 
boxonowb cjryaarB co6ctb6hhhh HMymecTBa rocy^apcTBa — flOMeHH. 
?aoTHo-xo3flficTB6HHaa fliaTOJibHocTL vl 9Ty nopy enje Maio paBBHTa, 
h 6oaBinaa qacn» seiceJB h aicoBB npHHaflJieacffTL o6me<rrBeHHmrB 
coro3aMi>. Tocy^apcTBo h o6id,hhli — caMHe KpynHue co6otb6Hhhke, Wb 
hit, pyitaxt cocpeflOTOiaBaeTca rjaBHuft hctotokkb aoxoaobi btoB 
enoxH— He^BHaHiioe HMymecTBO. rocy,napcTBO y^OBJieTBopaeT'b cboh 
noTpe6flocTH hste> co6cTB6HHaro xo3aficTBa, He npn&fcraa kb noMonqi 
qacTHtiiTb xo3flftcTBx. Tasoe HeaaBHCHMoe cymecraoBaHie rocyaapcTBa 
bobmojkho He TOJCbKo noTOMy, ito oho o6aaAaerB rpoMa^HOft co6ctb6h- 
hoctbk), ho h noTOMy eme, iro ero n0Tpe6H0CTH cpaBHHTeaBHo hjw- 
to shu. Bjraroflapa caa6oMy pa3BHTix> ofimecTBeHHaro pas^erna Tpy- 
#a, nacTHua xo3aficTBa 3aHHMaroTca He tojbko AO^HBameM'L MaTepi- 
ajiBHurL faarB, ho h oaiot HcnoiHaDTb ofimecTBemHH <J>yHKiuH. 3to — 
aaMKHyraa kjt&to*ikh, KOTOpHa y^OBJieTBopaKTB bc4 cboh noTpe6HO- 
CTH, HO BHXOJJH 3a toctorojtb cBoero flBopa. X03afiCTB0 aHTHraaro 
pa6oBJiaAiJBn;a hah ceHBepa Haqaia cpe^anxB BtKOBi He aifbio Hys- 
jsji ofipamaTBca 3a nbwb 6u to hh 6imo he kt> flpyrnirB qacTmarB 
xosaftcTBaMi, he ki rocyaapcTBeHHHM'B opraHaifB **). Bee, tto Tpefio- 
BajooB Tor^a otb rocy^apcTBa, bto— BffhmHaa oxpaHa, #a H o&b HeS 
bt> cpe^Hie BtKa iiphxoahjiocb 3a6oTHTBca Kaa^bMy xosaflcTBy b*b ot- 
#£3 bhocth, TaKB saKB rooy^apcTBOMi 0Ha o6e3ne?BBaiacB 6ojrte vbwb 
HeyAOBieTBopHTejiBHO. Ha btoS CTa^in coniajiBHaro pa3BHTia ota^JB- 
hhh xo3aficTBa (b*b tojtb qncjii h xosaftcTBa o6n^ecTBeHHUXii cod- 
30B1,) cocTaBJiarorB KaKt 6h o6oco6jeHHua i^apcTBa, KOTopua He tojib- 
ko HcnojraaDrB xosaflcTBeHHBia $yHKc;iH, ho h TBopaTB cyffB, oxpa- 
hhiotb cefia otb bh4hihhx , b HanaAeHift h up. Hpn TaKoft HHTroaHOft 
pojH rocy^apcTBa, h noTpe6HocTH ero He bojiheh: AQMeHOBt Bnojfffe 
jocraTorao rm o6e3neieHia ero cymecTBOBaHia. Haaorn wb cmhci* 

npaBHJIBHUX'B BSHOCOBl B*B Ka3Hy, npOH3BOAHHUXB HaCTHHMH X03flft- 

CTBaMH, BCTpiqaiOTca anwb bb bh^4 HCEJiioqeHifi. Bb oco6o bkctpoh- 
huxi cjiyqaaxTb, npa qpesBHqafiHofi Hy«A* bb MaTepiajiBHUxi cpe^* 
CTBaxB, rocy^apcTBo npH64raerB k*b noMoma qacTHHXT* xo3aftcrBi>, 



*) Schefle. Die Grunds&tze der Steuerpolitik, 10. 

**) H. v. Sched. Die Theorie der socialen Frage, 4—10. 



PA3BHTIE OCHOBH. HA*Uun> HO^. OBJO*. FB SAHA^. BBPOITB. 12? 

ho dto HirfcerL xapaKiepi mh «ao6poboibhhxx> noflapKOBt, eii aaft- 

MOBT), KOTopue, BHpO^BlTB, HHKOIfla H6 yMaTOBaracL. Bt HCTOpiH 
paaBSTia rocyaapcTBeHHHX'b floxoflOB* 8Ty anoxy mosho HasBaTL doMe- 

HiOAtHOit. t 

IIo Mipi pasBffria KyjBTypH oTHomema qacTHO-xosaficTBeHHaro 
o6opoTa ycjiosRHflDTCH. 3aMKHyTOCTB (oraocHTejLHaa, kohohho) wct- 
HHxt xo3flftcTBi> Hciesaera, ycTynaa cbog m4cto sHBOMy o6irtHy yc- 
ayrt. TexHsqecKia ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHifl flaron Moryqifi TOiqeKi, co- 
i^iajBHOMy fliKJxftepeHmipoBaHiK). npeflCTaBaaa co<5oh> peayjibTarB o6me- 
CTBeHHaro pa3fffcieHia Tpyna, ohh bi^gbod o?epe#B OKa3MBa»n> 06- 
paTHoe ^iflcTBie Ha o6mecTBOHHoe pasBHTie. «Ob AH(J)$epeHn,HpoBaHi- 
6mt> opyaift Tpy^a Bee 6ojr&e h 6ojr£e AH$$6peHi^HpyDTGfl n t4 orpa- 

CM npOHHBLieHHOCTH, KOTOpfiUL 3aHHMaJ0TCfl npOHBBOflCEBOlflb 8TEXI 

opyaiib. ^eHesHoe xoaaftcTBo, 3aMiHaiomee HaTypajraoe, ycitopa- 
paen> stotb npoijecc-B, ofaeraaa cHomeHia Heac^y OTfliuiBHHMH xo- 
sflficTBaior h TiMi> flaBaa eh'b bo3moshoctb cymecxBOBaxB o#ho nps 
noMonjH apyroro. HacTHO-xosfl&CTBeHHaa flterejiBHOCTB pasBHBaercfl 

CT> HOHMOBipBOfi 6lJCTpOTOfi; o6*aflaH BHCOKOft 3KH3HeCHOOo6HOCTBK) H 

CTpeMflCB kt> npeofaaaami), qacTHUH xoaaficTBa pacmHpjooTL ctftepy 
CBoero rocnoflcraa, man, 8a maiWB oramiaa y o6meoTB€HHHX^ coro- 

BOWb HCTO^HHK'L BX1> flOXOflOBT*. Bt TO BpOMH KaKT) Bl flOMamaJIBHyiD 

anoxy ofimecTBOHHaii coCctbghhoctb Ha MaiepiajiBHHfl cpeflCTBa npo- 
HBBOACTBa saHHMaiia BH^Boe m4cto, TenepB aKOHomraecKaa opraHHSa- 
itfa Bee Oojrfee cTaHOBHTca qaoTHO-lxosgficTBeiiHoft no npeuMyutecmey, 
h cpeACTBa npoi3BOACTBa nocTeneHHO nepexoflHTB bt» pyRH qacTHHXL 
xosflicTFb. rocy^apcTBo, Tepaa cboh aomohh, BHHy^eHo HcsaTB ho- 
bbixt> hctotohrob'b km yflOBJieTBopema oBonrB noTpefaocreft. H bto 
•Tfcirb HacTOHTeiBHie, to) h oanuxi noTpefiHOcxeft bthxt, ctmo ho- 
cpaBHeHHo 6oiBme. 06mecTBeHHoe flH$$epeHijHpoBaHie Bee (Sojrie ocbo- 
CoKflaers Hacmiifl xoaaftcTBa otl OTupaBjemft, BNXOAamHXTb hbi, 
c$epH dporo xoaaficTBeHHoft A^flTejonbHocTH. YcjiosHeHie o6mecTB6H- 
hhxi> OTHomeaifi Tpe6yen> cneniaMsaijiH TaKHXi ^yaKi^ifi, HaK'B cy^t 
h Bfffcnraaa oxpaHa, h hxt> BiinomeHie OKOH^aTOJiBHo nepejtaeTCfl bi> 
pysH rocy^apciBa *). Majo Toro, Hapa^y ot> npaBOBoft aan^Tofi jam- 

HOCTH, C060TB6HHOCTH, 6630naCHOCTH H Hai^OHaJIBHOft H68aBH0HH0CTH, 

BHCTynanrL nojosHTejiLHHfl KyiLTypHHa sa^aqa o6n^eoTB6HHaro con- 

8a, KOTOpUfl, KaCaaOB BOlxl ^aCTHMXl XOSflfiCTB'B Bl COBOKynHOCTH, 

TaEase BunaAanTi» Ha aojuo rocy^apcTBa. 06n^eoTBeHHufi codsi Bee 
6ojAq h 6o£ie 6eperB Ha ce6a ^yHKi^H, npHHa^esaBnnfl rotojA 
qacTHHMT> X03flScTBairB. Ho yoiosHOHie $yHimid boaotb sa co6on 
pacmnpeHie noTpe6HO0Tefi, Koropoe, bi cbod o^epe^b, Tpe6yert yBe- 
JBU^eHlfl aoxo^obx. 

TaKmrB o6pa30Mi> 5 no#b Bjiamein> paaBHTia chct6mh ^acTHUX'B 



*) W. Uocke. Die Abgaben, Aoflagen and die Steuer yom Standpunkte 
der Geachichte and der Sittichkeit 141—208. 



128 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

xo3aftcTB , B > cb oflHoft ctopohh, i paomnpeHia rocy^apciBeHEHXt $yHK- 
uji, en. apyroft, rooyflapoTBO ramaerca npesHaro cnoco6a yaoBxeTBo- 
pema cbohx-b noTpe6HO(rreS h BHHysmeHo hcmtb hobhtb hctoihh- 
kobi> aoxoaa. Tara rant bch xo3aflcTBeHHaa fffcaTexBHOcTB nepenwa 
b-b pyra ^aeTHBixx JumB h ofimeoTBeHHaa $opMa xosaftCTBa m6o 
okohtotoibho npeKparaia CBoe cymeoTBOBame, xh6o jOBeaeHa ?p 
minimum'a, to eflKHCTBeHHHirB hcto^hhkom'b aoxoaob-b 0Ka3HBaeTca, 
^acTHoe xo3hhotbo, h rocyaapcTBy ne ocTaeTca HH*ero Ootffce, mkb 

BHflfclHTB Effb 8THXT> TOCTHHX'B XOBalCTBTb fffclCOTOpyX) flOJHO BT> CBOK) 

nojftay. EcTecyrBeiraofi $opMOft rocyaapCTBeraHxiAOxoAOBiaBJunoTca, 
crfiAOBaTexBHO, Haiorn. Ho cpasy nepeMTH otb aoHamai&HBix'b Aoxo- 

flOBl KB nOXaTflMX 6hXO 6n <HnnnKOM*B pfeKfflffB CKaqSOMl OTB OAHOfi 

$opMH Kb apyroi, npaMO npoTHBonoioaraoft. TocyAapcTBO Bee enje 

H6 H0X6TB OTptmHTBGS 0TB BdTJL&H* Ha CB0H AOXOAH, K&Kb Ha IipO- 
AyKTB COfiOTBOHHOft X08flftCTBeHH0* fltHTeJU»HOCTH, a TOCTHHH X03H&- 
CTBa, BT> CBOK) 016pe£B, C1HIUK0MB UpHBHKJH Kb TOMy, YTo6h K)Cy- 

AapcrBO npntfiraio k*b hx-b noMomn amm> b*b cxysaaxs *pe3BHiaft- 
Hoft Hyspi. Ecjh, nodTOMy, b*b paAy rocyAapcTBeHHHX-B aoxoaobb 
Haxora saHEMaDTB (Jorie bhahoo Micro, t&mb paHBme, to rtirB He 
Meffie ohh eme He arparorB npeo6iaAa»meft poiH. DraBHiMB ho 
toothkom* rocyjapcTBeHHHX'B aoxoaobtb CTaHOBH^a perajiin, cocTaa- 

jijnnTTTiii h4TO) OpOAHOe K6SA7 06n^eCTB6HH0fi $0pM0ft X03flflCTBa H 

qacTHofi. 3a4cb rocyjapcTBo ho OTpimaeTca osoHqaTeiBHO otb npea- 
hhto cnoco6a asBieqema cbohxi aoxoaobb h b*b to ace Bpeira npa- 

MtHflOTCfl Kb H0BH1TB yCJIOBifllTB BKOHOMHieCKHXTb OTHOmBHiit. II0A06- 

ho TOMy, Kara paHBme oho noaB30BaiocB AOXOAaira otb cbohxtb se- 
iiaiB n JiicoBB, TenepB oho o6pamaerB vb cbod ucK*mumeJMiyio 
uojnay aoxoah otb h*kotophxb APyraxx OTpacaeft npoMunueHHOcrfl, 

OTCTpaHHBT> OTB HHX*B TOCTHyi) KOHKyppBHIJUD. MOHOHOJlifl HBJEfleTCH 
3A&CB HOOfiXOAHJEOft B*B BH#y CTpeMJema UCTHUX'B X03HfiCTBB k*b 3a- 

XBaTy Bcixx po^oBi xo8flficTB6HHoft .fl^TTeJibHOCTH, — oTpeiueHifl, o6y- 
cJioBxeHHaro xoaoitb con,iaii>Haro pa3BHTia. 

Bx 8T01TB ace HanpaBneHin AificTfiOBaia h nojiHTH^ecKafl bboxdi^h. 
PeraiBHufi 0000061 ^o6uBaHifl rooyAapcTBeHHSDCB aoxoaob^ Stui 

B03M0S6HB T02BE0 HpH T0& HOJIHTHieCKOfi $0pMt, KOTOpafl Kb TOMy 

BpeMOHH BCTynHJia b*b cHjy. Ecih AOMaHiaiBHaa anoxa BnojHt rapMo* 
HHpyeTB cb Tim nepio^oicB noJiHTH^ecKaro paaBirriH, sor^a rocy^ap- 
cTBOHHafl HiaoTB emfi oqeHBoia6a 9 h rocy^apt tojbko cnepBuSiiesAy 
paBHUMH*, to cHOTeua MOHonojril B08H0acHa ho iraaie, KaKt npa 
ycjoBiH ciuBHaro Moryn^ecTBa rocyAapcTBeHHoft BjacTH. H,eHTpaiH3o^ 
BaHHoe rocy^apcTBO cb a6cojoDTBHiiB MOHapxoarL bo rjaBi ootb ho- 
o6xoahmoo yoioBie jifia pa3BHTifl cucmeMu peradft. 

Ho aooto oto npo^ojiaaTLca He Mono. PasBHBaacB bt> cHzy jio- 
rHiec&oft Heo6xoAHMocTH, qaoTHua xo3flftcTBa cb HeyaepsHMOft GTpe- 
mht6J[bhoctbi) HanHpaxH Ha Bet nperpa^u, saAepsHBaBmia hx*b abh* 
KOHie Bnepe^B. IIpHHi^HirB cbo6oaho& KOHKypem^H bxoahtb bo Bee- 



PA3BHTIE OCHOBH. HAWAII HOtf. OMOK, Wh 3AII. 'EBPOD'B. 129 

otfmee codHaaie h npHSHaeica conditio sine qua nbn o6mecTB6HHaro 
paaBFrifl. dEOHOMH^ecKaa opraHE3aijiH ho bmhochtl he crfecHemft, hh 
orpaHjraeHifi bt> RaRoft 6m to hh*6hjk> c<J>ep4, HacTynaert nepeBO- 
porb: paMKH c6pacHBaB)TCfl; Bee, ito TopicasHjo cbo6oahoo pa3BHTie, 
ycTpaH06TCfl, MOHonojuiH o6i»flBj[flDTCfl npoTHB^MH *cBo6oAt. Cbo6oa- ' 
Haa KOHRyppeHiiifl BCTynaerL fl cboh npaBa, BROHOMEqecRift cTpoft 
noayiaerb otcthS EBAHBBAyajiECTBqecRiJt xapanrepx. BHtcrb ei 
Tim Hajora cTaHOBflTCfl npeofiaaAaJDmEirB ecto^bhsoitb rocyAapcrBeH- 

HHXT> AOXOAOBTb *). 

HraRi, cnocofo nojiyqeflia rocy^apcTBOMt cbohxi aoxoaobx «onpe- 
AiaaeTca npern^e Bcero cymecTByiomefi bt> AaHHoe Bpeua opraHHsa- 
iuei HapoxHaro xosaftcTBa, t. e. R0M6EHaitfeft qacTHHX'b xosaflcTBi 
cb o6mecTBeHHWMH. Ta hjebt Apyraa BROHOMEiecKaa oprarasaijiH AaeTB 
H3BicTHuft nopflAosx co6ctb6hhocte Ha MaTepiajiBHHfl cpe^CTBa npoH3- 
BOACTBa h onpeAtJeHHoe pacnpejvkieHie nocjrftfHEX'L Ha qacTHy© co6- 
cTBeHHOCTb, npHHaAJe*amyK> qacTHHin> xoaaflcTBairB, h o6mecTBeHHy©, 
npHHa^pesan^yio o6mecTB6H^UM i L corosairL. 9to paoUpe^tJieHie ,onpe- 
Atjaen,, bt> KaKofi itipi HysA** rocy^apcTBa yAOBJieTBoparoTca fcaio- 
raMH e bt» Kasoft — co6ctb6hhoe xosaficTBeHHoft A^flTeJiBHOCTLK) rocy- 
AapcTBa. IIo Mipt Toro, RaRi cpeACTBa npoESBO^cTBa CTaHOBflTca 

qaCTHOfi C06CTB6HROCTLH) OTAtJIbHHX* JEI^b, E 8R0H0ME«ieCRaa OpraHH- 

saitf* ciaHOBHTca qacTHO-xo3flfioTBeHHoft, — Haaorn 3aHHMaH)n> bco 
6ojiie beahoo m4cto. Cir&AOBaTejibHo, Haaorn — bto HCTopaqecKaa Kaie- 
ropia. ^Jia hxi» cymecTBOBaaia Heo6xoAEirL HHCTHxyrb qacTHofl co6- 

CTB6HHO0TH E HOpeXOA'B MaTepiajbHHX'b Cpe^CTBt HpOE3BOACTBa Kt 
qaCTHHMT, X03flfiCTBaiTb> **). 

HaaorE npeAcraBJEDTB ecTecTBeHHiift e bt, to se Bpeifa npo- 
crifimift cnoco6i> Ao6HBaHia rocyAapcTBeHHHX'b cpeACTBX E3i» HapoA- 
Haro xosaftcTBa, opraHE30BaHHaro Ha BHAEBBAyaMCTBqecROM'b Hawaii. 
TaRT» KaKT» HaitfoHaabHHft aoxoat* bt> hombhtb noaMeflia cBoero Ha 
cBtrb pa36EBaeTca Ha mhosoctbo ockojikobi, to rocynapcrBy aaqero 
HHoro He ocTaeTca, RaRX co6npaTB to, hto eMy HysHO, Raiuuo 3a 
Ranjieft esi ota'&ju»hhx'b xo3aficTBX. Bt> ofimeft HaipoHaju>Hoft sroho- 
Hifl SAtcL coBepmaiOTca ABa npon,ecca: CHa^aia aan^OHajtHLitt aoxoa*b 
pa36HBaeTCA Ha qacTH, a hotoitb bth se ?acTE Rosn^eHTpflpyiDTOfl 

*) Kor^a bt» Komi,* XVII CTOJiiTia Bt HpycciH Bnepsue 6uaa yqpeittAeHa 
AomsHOCTB cGopmnitOB'B noAaTefl, to atajofiaMt He 6hjio KOHi^a. < rioxose *Ha 

TO,— HtaJOBaJIHCB COCJIOBla,— TTO OTHBIH* 5*AHafl CTpftHa HHKOr^a H6 OOB060AHTCa 

orb HaaoroBT>>. PeflxcTan. bt» BpayHmBeftn,-Bojn4eH6K)TeH , B BBipaanjca teki: 
cTBepAO ycTaHOMeHO, vro hueofh epothbhh npapoA^ rocyAapcrBeHHaro o6me* 
KHTiJi*. Neumann, Die progressive ^inkommeosteuer. Schriften der Ver. far 
Socialpolit., VIE). Bt AHrniH najiorH nonyqaiorB xapaKTept npaBHJLHar^ o6ao- 
»eHia ho paH&me KOHD;a XVII B-BKa ( Vocke, Gescnichte der Steuern dea Bri- 
tiBehen ReiehB). Bt PocciH &o Ajzesc^ji MflxafljioBHqa He cymecTBOBajio npaBHUb- 
naro B0HMa«ifl HajoroBt (Janno-JfanujieecKiu. 0praHn8an;ia npaiiaro o6iioaeHia 
bi Mockobckomt> rocyAapcTB^ co BpeMeHt cMynj ^o anoxa npeo6pasoBaHifl). 
• •*) ^(i. Wagner, FinanzwisBensoliaft, II, 170—171. 

M 8. Orrtn I, * 9« 



130 ' PVCCKOB EOI^TCipO. 

o6paTHo. Bt* TOMt h flpynmi cjiywfc npoHcxoflarB ofrpoitHaa TpaTa 
9HepriH *), flMflBDmaflCfl npsMofi npTepet ma. HatjioHaaBHaro npoH3- 
bo^ctbe. TaKHSfb ofipaaoirB, noflaTHaa $opMa ao6HBaHia rocynapcTBeH- 
hhxi. aoxoaob'b aajieKO He mosotb cwraTBoa HfleajBHOft. Ho Rm 
danwio, HH^HBHAyajHCTHqecKaro cTpoa oHa HanayTOiafl h e^HHCTBeHHO 
B03MoacHaa. 

Cbhsb HaaoroBi cb #aHHoft BRdHoimaecEofi opraHHsaitfefi Heitsa 
ce64, ojjHaRO, npe^craBjaTB MexaHHiecKH. Bhio 6u ohih6oiho ayuaTB, 

YTO BTb flfcftCTBHTeJIbHOfi HCTOpK^eCSOfi 2KH3HH M08CH0 TaKt S6 T0TC0 

pasrpaHH^HTB npetffcra pasHBixi $HHaHcoBHx , B HepioaoBt, saBi mm 
8T0 crfuajui Ha upejUiEjijmfLTb cipaHHijax'L. Hcropn^ecEaa BBoarciua 
Her BHaert CKaqKOBi>. 3ro cnpaBeaiHBo He tojbko ujm ftEOHOMMfc- 
CKaro pa3BHTia, ho h j&b $HHaHCOBaro. Bx to Bpeiur, East crapLiii 
Hopfl^OK'B Haxo^HTCH enje bi» noraoMt pacijBiTi, yse Hapo&AaDTCH 
HOBue BJCMeHTM, ROTopue, bt» Haiajrb e,pa 8aMiTHHe, nocTeneHHO 
paspocTajoTca, HaKonjunorB dHepriio ■ mart 3a maroirb otbocbbi* 
bqjdt.'b npeofiaaflaromee m*cto. JKh3hb noayiaert HOBy» onpacsy, ho 
CTapua (J)opMH eme aoaro npoAOimarorb cboo ijymecTBOBaHie, bhmh- 
pas Majo no Maay, nosa oh4 oEOHHaTeaBHO He Hcqe3aH)rB. ItOBTOMy, 

eCJH rOBOpHTT> HOBOM'L CTpO*fc, TO 8T0 BHaiHTB, 1T0 H0BH6 BAeUOHTH 

npeo6jra^aH)TB, sajjaroTt tohx jkhbhh, oEpanraBajorB cbohitb n.BiTOM'B 
o6n^ecTBeHHUH OTHomeHia. Hpn rocnoflCTBi qacTao-xosaBcTBeHHoft cu- 
cTeioi npo^oisaDTB eme cymecTBOBaTB, xoth wl orparaqeHHUxt 
pa3Mipaxi>, o6mecTBeHHiia xosaficTBa, noflofiHO Tony East bi #0Ma- 
HiaiBHyio anoxy cymecTBOBaja lacTHH* xo3aficTBa. IIoBTOMy Haiora 
BCTpt^aroTca h bt> jg>eBHia BpeMeHa, ho npeofoadawwyn) poaB ohh 
Ha^HHanrB HrpaTB ramB ot> BOn.apemeM'B iacTHO-xo3afioTBeHHaro cno- 
co6a npoH3BOACTBa, jthhib cb bthx'l nopi> ohh ofipamaroTca wb cu- 
cmeMy. 

, Cji.ua da pa3BHTieiTB HaJiorOBi cb caMoro hxi 3apoamema, He 
Tpy#H0 saH^THTB, ?to Ha hxt> cyAB<5ax r & OTpaacaiHCb bc* nepHneria 
BHyTpeHHeft HCTopia Hapo^oBi, hxt> o6jihki> bx ^aHHHH MOueHn oupe- 
^iiajica coOTHomemeM'B o6^^ecTBeHHMx^ chjt>. Ecjih bt> HCTopin ro- 
ey.aapcTBeHHHX'B ^oxo^obi boo6d^6 pimaromyK) pojB arpajra, KaKi mh 
BHR&JIH, BKOHOMH^eQKaa opraHH3auia b-b cbh3h cl paaBHiieMt hoibth- 

^eCSHX'B $OpMT> t TO BT> HCTOpiH HaJIOrOB'b 8Ta poiB UpHHa^eSHTB 

6oj)b64 KJiaccoB%, orpeMamaxca kt> nojiHTH^ecKOMy rocno^CTBy, — Bee 
paBHO, ocHOBHBaeTca Jia BTa 6opB6a Ha cocjiobhhx'b npeporaiaBaxi»,. 
npoHcxosAenie soTopux'B bocxoahtb ki» po^oBOMy 6wTy, hjui Ha aHTa- 
roHHSMi BKOHOHH^ecKHX'L aHTepecoBx. Hajore HMiDTB xy hjh Apy- 
ryio $H3ioHOMi©, cMOTpa no Touy, EaKoi cjiofi Hace.ieHia nojiBsyeTca 



*) Bt> 6 eBponeftcKHXt rocy^apcTBaxi. (Upyccifl, ABCTpia, HTanifl, OpaH- 
nla, BeiHKo6pHTaHlfl a Poccia) aa BBHMame HaaoroBt TpaTHTca 6oJLbnre 223,3 
Man. py6. (P. <f>om Kay<pMam. rocyAapcTBeaaue h m-bcthm? pacxoAtf rjraBBTB^- 
maxt eBpon. cTpam., 103—115). , 



PA3BBTIB OCHOBH. HAWAII EOj;. QBJIO». B1> 3Att. EBPOH*. 131 

vb flamym enoxy noraTaqecKOft BjracrBio. «BcaKiB rocnoflciByiontfit 
sjiaccB AiaaerB rocnoACTByronjaMi npHHn,Hnoin» Bcfcn> o6n^ecTB6HH£ix'^ 
yqpesfleHift totb npaHnnni,, Ha KOTopom* sHs^eTca ero rocnoflCTBO, 
Hajaraert Ha Bcixi hxt> HCKJuoHHTeiLHyD neqaTB aioro npaHntana*. 
CocpeAOTo^HBaa vb cbobxt, pyxaxi noaaTaqecayiD BiacTB, rocaoa- 

GTByDUpfi KJiaCCTb T4rB HJB KKUWb CnOC060MI> CBaiHBaOTB BCD Tfl- 

secTb HajoroBt Ha rk cjioh HacejeHia, soTopue, bt> cray *)paaase- 
cKaro-aa hjh $aKTnqecKaro SeanpaBia, ho bt> cocToamH nporaBHTBca 
OTofi cBoeKopucTfiofi nojHTHKt. Be facto noflaraoe 6peiia jreaurrB 
o6urhob6Hho Ha 9J[6M6ht£ caa6ifiineirB bb BKoaoifaiecaoirB bjh no* 
jHTH^ecKOMi* oTHomeaiH, a dUBHiftmift Bcer#a Haxo^arB bo3moxhoctb 
hjh npaMo ocbo6oahtbch otb ofiaoseHia, hjh nepeaoaaTB ero Ha #py- 
rax'B. Bi oocjiobhom'B rocynapcTBi, lyjfc npeofijrtflaromyi) po*B nrpaeii* 
poKOBaa SHaTB h rocnoflCTByiDmaM'B npamjanoirB HBJtaeTca Ciaropofl- 
gtbo npoHcxoa^ema, aaiorn nana»TB Hcaro^BTeiiBHO Ha HefijaropoA- 
hwtb (misera plebs contribuens), kt> kotophmi npaHEAiesaTB Kpe- 

CTBEHO H TOprOBHG JDflH. IIpHBHJierHpOBaHHOe H0I0S6Hie, Bl KOTO- 

pOMX s^cb Boofime Haxoprrca BLicniee cooiOBie, pacnpocTpanaeTCH h 
Ha o6iacTL HaioroBB: flBopacrBO, He ouoipa Ha cboh orpoMHHa 36* 
MejbHua 6oraTOTBa, HcnoiHaerB toibko aaqHyro caysSy, sa KOTopy© 
oao noiyqaeTb ho jsaioe Bosaarpas^eaie, a siks npaananiaibao 
xasi h $aKTaqecKH cbo6o#bo otb naaoroBB. Ho^aTHtia npaBuerin 
po^OBofi apacTOKpaTia, Hapa^y co Bctaa apyraMB ea opeporaTHsaHtf, 
He B036ysflaia HasaRaxi coMHimft y Tor^amaaxTb rocyaapCTBeHKEixx 
jnosefi. Bt> t* BpeiieHa rocyaapcTBeHaaa BiacTB xajo 3a6oTuacB o 
npaBajiBHovB no,u6op4 npe,jM6T0BT> ofijoseHia; o6aaraaocB Boe, to> 

6tMO B03KOSHO, HO rOCHOflCTBymmee COCJLOBie OTKpHTO npH3HaBMOCB 

cbo6o4hh]tb otb HajoroB'L. PyKOBo;jaminrB npaHD^noiTB 8a4ob 6hxo 
HH6HH0 6jaropoACTBO npoacxo*,a;eHiH, a He seMeiBHoe (SoraTCTBo, saKB 
Ayaarorb hhho (Hanp.,.JlaccajiB). 9to bhaho, nes,ny nporairB, h3*b Toro* 
mo ecia He6jaropo^Hbifl. (Haap. > Kynen;T>jnpio6ptTaaT» seium, to ohb 
dthitb caMHirB e me He ocBo6o2K£aj[CH otb HaioroBi; HanpOTHBI), CBO- 
6oAy otb ofijioacenia nojyqajrb BcaKiS, kto noKynarB cTHryn 6aaro- 
po#CTBa>. JIamB Bnocjii^cTBiH, Kor.ua, 6iaroAapa Hyscjrfi Kopojea bt> ' 
AeHBraxi, 8T0& HcsyccTBeHHoa 3HaTH pacnjoAHJOCb HecirbTHoe mho- 
secTBO, nepBOHaqajiBHui npaHuani) Haso no Majy TepaeTca, ycrynaa 
GBoe Micro 6oraTCTBy, ho Tor^a 6oraTCTBo saKJoraajocB y3Bi> He b1> 
oj^Hofi seKJrb, a a bt» A^aesHoirB sanaTaii. TaKHirB o6pa30MB, btb 
^eo^aiBHOiTB rocy^apcTB* nojflTHqecKoe rocnojjcTBO ocHOBUBaiOGB Ha 
poAOBOBTB npaHqani, Ha hostb ace ocHOBHBajiHCb h no/jaTHhtfl npHBa- 
jieria. DepBoe orpaaa^eHie rocnoa,CTBo bto TepaaTB co CTopoaa Kiapa, 
KOTopHfi, oTBoeBaBi ce6£ 3eMayio bjmctb nocpe^cTBOM'b «A7^oBaaro» 
opysia, cTaaoBaica BTopuMi cociOBieATb a npiofiptTaeTi Tt ace npa- 
Boeria, KaKi» nepBoe. ApacTOKpaTia a AyxoseacTBo aepmatB cy^ti 
<J>eoflajibHaro cocjioBHaro rocy^apcxBa, a bt> pe^yibTart noay^aexca 

CTpaniHBlfi TH6TB HaJIOrOBl, HOA'B KOTOpHMB CTOaOMl.CTOHyTl *HOA- 

9* 



132 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

jme jq&ah». IIoflaTHoe 6peMH naAapTB Ha TpeTBe cocaoBie, t. e. Ha 
bo&tb, Kpoirii apflCTOKpaTiH h AyxoBOHCTBa. JI$jlo hhckojbko He hsm*- 

HMOCB, KOr^a BT> COCJOBHOMt rOCyAapCTB* BOABOpHJCfl a6C0JEE)TH8HT>. 

Buomifl oocioBifl coxpaHHan cboh npeporaraBH bt> hoihobtb bha*; no 
OTHomeHiD Kb npo<nnrB KJaccawB HaceieHia ohe ocraracB rocnoA- 
CTByromnMH He tojebko de facto^ ho h de jure. Cboo nepBOHCTBO ohr 
noTepjJJH*TOjn»Ko nepeAT> Jhh.om'b MOHapxa, EOTopaft, hocmotph Ha 
cboh) aficojiioTHyD BjacTB, HHKor.ua He pimaaca mihhtb hit, npHBH- 
leriit. Uojp> AaBieHieifb BoeHHHxi HyawB MOHapxx HHor.na npn6trajn> 
Kb o6io*emi>, pacnpocTpaHflBmeMyca h Ha Bucmia cocaoBia, ho Kb 
Taisxrb cay^aaxx ohh HeaHaiHTeJBHHMH eAHHOBpeMOHHUMH B3Hocaua 
omynajiHCB on HaaoroB'B, ocTaBaacB no cymecTBy npa cTapux* npu- 
Bueriflxt. 

R-b Komjy cpeAHHXi BtaoB* bi, EBponi BupocTaerL HOBaa oua — 
ropo/ia. BaaroAapa pa3BBTix> ToproBaro o6opoTa h otkphtuo hobhxt, 
cTpaHi,, hxt» MaxepiajBHua cmh pociyrt c& HeHMOBipHofi 6uorpo- 
Toft, a ct> rkwb bm*ci4 pocTerb h caiiocosHaHip ropoACKoro Kiacca. 
no Mipi yBejicqenia poin ABHSHMaro KanHTaia Vb ofajecTBeHHot 

2KH8HH, ropOSaHO HaiHHaDTB CTpeMHTBCa H KT> nOJHTflqeCKOfi BJiaCTH. 

Zlosynafl mysu fijiaropoACTBa y chjbho Hy«jra»mHXca bt> AeHBrax* 

KOpOJEeft H A^Baa HBTB <B3a8MK» KpyUHLia CyKMU JP& HX*B JH?HNXft 

h BoeHHUxt noTpeCHOcieB, roposane ci> KaayiuirL ahoitb Bee (fruie 
}6iacfla»Tca, *to hxt» 6oraTCTBa cocraBJiaBTB HCTHHflyD onopy rocy- 
lapcTBa, hto fieai hxx j&EQrb KHqjBBaa apncTOKpaTia He Moraa 6h 
HosHHaTB nofrhAHHX'B jaBpoBi Ha noai 6paM. ToposaHe HftiHHaurB 

CTpeMHTtCa Kb TOMy, 1T06h CTaTB TpeTbHMt COCJIOBieMi; M63KAT hhmh 

H HpHBEJierspoBaHHiiMH RjiacoaMH BoaropaeTca npoAoasHxeaBHaa 
6opi>6a sa npeo6jiaAaHie, to rayxaa, HOAnoiBHaa, to aBHaa, OTKpu- 
Tan. KopoaeBCKaa BaacxB HepiAPo coAiftcTByerB HpHxasaHiairB ropoA- 

CKHXB KJiaCCOBl, Vb O^HOfl CTOpOHH HOTOMy, 1T0 OHa B-frfflO HySAaOTCfl 

wb AeHBraxi), a. cb jjpyrotf, noTOMy, ito OHa Ha^iejca ct> hxt> no- 
xomBB cjtoHHTB MorymecTBO apHCTOKpaTiH^BpaaAeCHofi ea a6coa»- 
THqecKHMi, TeHAOHn.iflM'B. Ha sap* hoboS HCTOpiH ropoACKHirB KJiaccaMi> 
yAaeTGfl TaMi> h cam* npoHHKHyn» h b*b npe^cTaBHTejiBHua coGpafiriLa, 

HO TSKX EaKl OHH TaifB COCTaBJUUDTB HOSHaqHTeJCBHOe M6HBmHHCTB0 9 

to ptmHTejiLHaro 3Ha^eflia He Moryn, HMiTL. Btofo, oAHano, hmt» AOCTa- 
ToqHO, ^to(5m npio6ptcTB TBepAyD To^Ky onopu m& cbohxi> CTpeM- 
xesML Bt, Hawaii 6opt6a boaotga rjiaBHMMx o6paaoirB Ha now& - 
HajoroBt, h Ha nepBOMi niani ctohtb Tyi-B, koho^ho, noAaTHLia 
npHBHieriH, npoTHBi KOTopux'B 3apoffiAa»maaca 6ypsya3ia HaqH- 
HaerB acecTOKyio BofiHy. OHa BHCTaMaerL ipe6oBaHie BceotimHooTH 
o6j[0S6hjh, KOTopoe, OTpHi^afl BCHRia H3T>a*ria otb HajoroBT>, npaMO 
HanpaBjeHO npoTHBB bbichibxi cocaobiS. Tan KaKi>, jspake, ABOpaH- 

CTBO H AyXOBOHCTBO BJiaA^DTB OrpOMHUMH nOM&CTBHMH, flpHHOCani r HHH 

spynHue aoxoau, to BUCTaBJiaeTca Apyroe Tpe6oBaHie: Haiora aoji- 
S6H*b 6htb nponopi^ioHaJieHB aoxoAy. IIpaB^a, o6a 9th TpefioBaHia 



FA3BHTIE OCHOBH. HAWAII HOA- OBJIOS. B!> 3AH. EBPOH-fi. 133 

nopaaa»rj> h 6ypaya3ii), ho ohs, Bo-nepBHXi,, ■ 6earb Toro niarKTB 
6ojn>mie HajorH, npnTOirB 6031 BCflKaro cooTBiTCTBia ei aoxoahoctbd 
cbohxt> HMymecTBT>, a bo btopbwb, oHa npespacso noHHMaerB, ito 
HCTHHHyx) BeiEHEHy aoxoAa on> A8H68HUXI KanirraaoB'B ropaaAO 
lene ckphtb otb rocyAapcTBeHHBirB opranoB*, ibwb aoxoah otb 
86MejiB, Ta $opua ofaoseHia, KOTopaa 6sua npeA*osena 6ypsya3ie*H 
ea HfleoioraMH, ecu He too hhoc, Kara t. h. Ertragsteuer, npa koto-* 
poft EOHCTaTHpyeTCH He o6ntf* aoxoa* jHija, a aoxoahoctb Toro hjh 
Apyroro noAaTHaro ofoeraa. Teopia $H3ioKpaTOBi>, npeA*ara»max , B 
BBe^eHie eABHaro Haaora Ha dewao, sasi H6JB3H 6orie cootb£t~ 
CTByert cTpemeHiHM'B TpeTBaro cociOBia. Cauo co6obo pa^yHteica, 
too rocnoACTByromie Kiaccu bobco ho pacnoaoaeaH 6eai> 6opb6u 
ycTyoHTB noie 6htbu HenpiareiH) h CHCTeMaTHiecKH OTBeprawrB 
BCHKia pe^opHH, KJioHamiaca ki y^aieHiiD hit> npHBHierift. He 6y- 
Ay*H, o^Haso, b* cocTOAHiH yAepaara bx noanoft cm* upeacHBOD <j>opMy 
ofaoaeHia, naAaBinyD Bceft OBoeft TaaecTBD Ha TpeTBe coaioBia, 
rocnoflCTByxmue mraccN BHABHraiorB Ha nepBMii njaHi> sooBeHHue 
Hajorn, MacKHpyromie nepaBHOitipHOOTB ofaoaeHia. Bypaya3ia Ha 
nepBsix'B nopaxi npHMapaeTca c*b bthitb 6e3MOiBHBirB KoacnpoMHc- 
comt>, rtMTb fiorie, too EOCBOHHiie Haiorn 6oxfee Bcero o6peMeaHTeib- 
hu aih hh3hihx , b cJioeBi TperBHro cocjuoBia, ho HMiffimaxi) upe^da- 
BHTejieft b*b 3aK0H0AaTeJtHHi'B co6paalax^; ho, no Mtpi Toro, EBXb 
pa^H ea yBeMSHBaBTca h 6oraTcrBa yMHoaaioTca, aaaAa Bjaom 
oxBaTHBaerB ee Bee Carte h 6oxbe. . Ob poctohi caMocosHaHia ycH- 
iHBaoTca ea CTpemieHie coBepmeHHO ott&chhtb uepBbia ABa cociobih 

OTB BJiaCTH R CdHOfl 3aHHTB HX"B M^CTO. 9T0, KaS*B H8B4CTH0, 6H 

yAaeTca. HacTynaerB napcTBO 6ypaya3ia, a <tb rtjrB BMicri n Toro 
npHHn,Hiia, na koto pom, ocHOBHBaeTca ea HCTopaieoKoe saaieme, — 
ABHKHMaro KanHTajia. TenepB poJH iftHHDTca: H3i H^soBaiBHH oaa 
oSpamaeTca bx mojiotl, KOTopwfi Hen^aAao 6botb Bcixi, ho npaHaA- 
jesanmx'B ki> ea paAaui. Bceo6maocTb h «copa3HipHOCTB» c*b ao- 
xoAaHH CTaHOBaica rocuoACTBjK>mHMH npHHn;HflaMH o6ioaeHia; o6BflB- 

JUMDTCa CB AOOTOAOJUKHOfi TOpSeCTBeHHOCTBK) GB060Aa H paBOHCTBO H6 
TOJLKO B*B HOJIHTH^eCKOfi oOiaOTH, HO H BT> ^HHHHCOBOft. OAHaKO, BTH 

rpoHRia $opMyjM hhIjih h ofipaTHyn cropoHy: 6iaroAapa Boecf6- 
mHOCTH, o6ioseHiio noAieacarB, npaBAa, h «6jKaropoAHue> 9 ho bt> 
to me BpeMa ho AaeTca nomaAH h rameMy, «HBymeMy Bnporo- 
ioab. Bi CHJiy nponopitfoHajiBHOCTH, 6oraTHft naaTHTB, npaBAa, 
6ojiBnie (HiAHaro, H0 y g ora q a 3a y M aToft naiora ocTaeica eme 
rpoMaAHuJi HBjanieK'B, HAymift Ha ' npaxoTH, a y CtAHHKa HaiorL 
OTHHMaerB Hacyn^HHfl KycoKi» xjrtfia. Jl^ HapoAHOfi Macoa, npn 
noMonqi KOTopoft 6ypayaaia Aocrarjia BiacTH, He . npoHBonwo hh- 
KasHX'B yayraieHiB. OHa no-npeaHeMy H3HenoraeTB hoai 6peMe- 
neM% naioroBTb, <tb toid jhhib pasHHi^eft, too paHBrae rocnoA- 
CTByiomie oaccH OTRpuTO BHCTaBiajiH cboh npHBHieri^ a TenepB' 
ohh npHKpHBa»Tca MaHTieft paBeHCTBa h paBHOMtpHocm B-b A*ftcTBH- 



134 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

T6JLBH0CTH 86, nOflO(5HO TOliy, KaK"B paHbffle ^BOpflHCTBO H flyXOBeHCTBO 
B3Ba2HBaJH BCD TflSeCTb HaJOIWL Ha ToproBiitt Kjacct H TpjAfi- 
myioca Maccy, tski Tenept 6ypxya3ia, bt> cbod, o^epe^b, caaraerB 
noAaTHoe 6peMa ci cefia Ha apyrie uaceti — seiMeBaa.aiK.ijeB'B, 
EpecTbflHTb e pa6oqHxt. XapaKTepflcnraecKafl qepTa HoBOft no- 
flaiHofi CHCT6MH COCTOHTB Vb toitl, ito upEMiie Haiorn Ha^aroi 
rjEaBHiiifB o6pa30Mi, Ha HeABHXBMHfl mymecTBa h Tpy#i>, Torja 
z&wb jsfiiojfja ci> abhxbmhxt> KanBTaioBi bih BOBce ho objaraiDTCfl, 
. Hjm o^eHB jerao, a KOCBeHBHe Haaora orpaHHiHBaiyrcfl ofoosemeire 
npeAMeTOBX nepBofi Heo6xo,nHMOcTB; h t4, h apyrie 6ojn»me Bcero 
nopasaioTb TpyAamy»cfl Maccy. 

Ho h rocnoACTBO 6ypsyaaiH BU3i»aeT% npoTHBi ce6a npoiecTB, 
BAyn^ft co cTopOHM HeBnyniHX'B luaccoBt, cKja^HBaDmHica bt> 
qeTBepToe cocioBie. HpeAUBAHeiioe HeHMymHMH uaccaHH npaBo 
na qejoBtaecKH aocTofiHoe cymecTBOBaHie BHpasaeroa vb <Jm- 
HaHcoBoi ofijiacTH vb AByrL npHHHHnaxi>; vl ocBo6oxaeHiH on> 
najioroBx H3BicTHaro minlmum'a floxoaa h bi> fioaie ceibhom-b 
npBBie^eniH (foraTHXi MaccoBX kx yqacri© bt> noAaraoirB 6pc- 

V6BE. 9tH npHBUBDH CBOflETCa Ha flpaKTBK* Kb yHH^T0X6Hi» 

kocbohbhx'b HaaoroBi Ha npe^Mera noTpefaeHia HapoflHofi Maccu h 
kt> .BBeAeniD nporpeccEBHaro naqajia bt> CHcieHy npaMtixi* Haaoront. 
JIoayHroui pafoiaro Eaacca hbihotch nporpeccHBHocTB ofaoaeHui, 
no#o6HO TOMy, KaKTb jrosynroini 6ypsya3iH 6iura nponopijioHajKbHocTB. 
Ha BToft-io uo^Bi h DpoHcxoflBjra rfc MHoro^HCjeHHtia $HHaHCOBM 

6BTBH, KOTOpKMH HOJIHa HCTOpifl EBpODH BO 2-fi nOaOBHH* XIX CTO- 

ilrcifl. Eypsya3iB, noABepraacB cbjlboA aTani bt> cbobxt> HacymHHXi 
HHTepecax^, ivfcnKO AepsHTCfl 6ypsya3HNX*B Ha^ajrB o6ao»eHia, o(Sra- 
bhbt> extb e,nEHCTBeHHO yAOBJieTBoparoniHira Tpe6oBaHiaM , L cnpaBeflra- 
bocth. 3ia 6qpb6a npofloasaeTca ao chxt> nop* ct> nepeMifrHHirB 

CqaCTLGMT,. TaMX, r^t, BT> GHJty OCOfiHXTb BCTOpHqeCKEXB ycjQBifi, H6- 

HMymHMi» KJiaccaMx y#aiocB npic6picTL HiKOTopoe nojHTH^ecKoe 
BiuiHie, tiypxyaaia BUHys^Ha 6tija nofiTH Ha ycrynRH h ^onycrHTb 
npeo6pa30BaHie DOAaTHofl cacTeMH Ha Ha^ajaxx coiuaJiBHoft cnpaBe^- 
jhbocth. Bx 6oJHBmefi se qacTH eBponettcKHX'b cTpaHT> o6ioaceHie bt> 
c^mecTBeHBHX'L qepTaxi> ociaeica rjiydoKO dypayaaHMMX. 

II. 

Tskobo HdopHHecKoe pasBHTie ochobhhxi TeHAeHi;i& noflaraaro 
o(5jro»eBia, BpacHoi betik Bpoxo t Q£mHX > L ^epesi BCTopiK) Boixx Kyjib- 
TypBuxi CTpaBi. Hpn BcevL pa3Hoo6pa3in, npe^CTaBJiaeMOMX hcto- 
PBH6CEBMH cy r Ju6awH eBpoueficEBxi rocy^apcTBX, Ha^HHaa ch nep- 
Biixi maroBi) nojiBTHiecKoft jkh3hh h KOHHaa cobp6H6hhoctbk), ho 
Tpy/iHo yjioBBTB 8BOJIDA1B) ofmaro xapaKTepa HaJioroBi,. HaH6ojite 
'tHUH^sa b*l otowl OTHomeHiH $paHn;ifl, r,nt BBOJUDi],ifl HaioroBi> bm- 
pa3HjracB b*b Ooaie ^ectom'b bea^. Hdopia (J)paBi^y3CKHXT> HaAoroBi 



PA3BHTIK OCHOBH. HA^IA^ nOfl. OBIOJK. Bl 3AIT. EBPOM. 135 . 

€CTecTBeHHHM^ ofipasoirL ^tjHTCfl Ha #Ba 6ojluihxt> nepioaa, H&fc 
Eoropux'B owwb o^HffuaeTL no^aTHyio cacTeify «cTaparo nopaflRa*, a 
^pyroft-CHdeMy, ycTaHOBHBinyroca bo Bpeira BeMKoft $pamjy3CRoft 
peBOJiioi;iH h pcraBiuyioca bt> noaHofl chjA ao cero ahh. dm nepio^ti 

HaXOflflTCfl B*B DOJIHOM'L COOTB^TCTBiU CB o6n^HM'B XOflOlfB HCTOpiH $paH- 

H,ia, B^KOTopofl #0 1789 ro#a rocno^cTBy lomHMH KjaccaMH 6mh nepBoe 
n BTopoe cocjOBifl, a ct> 9Toro MOMeffra apeHofi noMTH^ecKofi h coni- 
ajLHOfi jkhshh Bceivfeao pBaaflfcaa 6ypsya3ia, yjjepaHBaiomaa ee no 
buhL Pa3Hoo6pa.3HHe Hajorn, cymecTBOBaBmie flo peBoaroijiH (hocto- 
«hho huh BpeiieHHo), hochjh oahhb ip totb ace xapaRTepi>: OaBHOB 
€Boefi TflsecTiK) ohh na^ain Ha r& cioh HaceaeHia, KOTopue b*b to Bpe- 

MH, He CMOTpfl Ha pa3IHqie CBOHX* BROHOMHTOCRHX'LHHTepeCOB'BjTipO-/ 

TflBonocTaBJiHJiHCB b*b EaqecTBi TpeTBflro cocnoBia ^BopflHCTBy h ayxo- 
BOHCTBy, nOIB30BaBmHMHCfl CBOfiOflOft otb HaioroBi: «IIpocB6u npOBHH- 
DiaJBHHXT> h reHepajiBHHX'B nrraTOB-B,— roBopBTB KaaMasepaH'B*), — 
acajo6Li iiapjiaireHTOB'B, cTaTBH nyfijiHijHCTOB'B, nepenncca mhhhctpobi, 

M6MyaptI COBpeMeHHaROBX, — Bfffe OHH eflHHOrJMCHO CBHJXiTeJIBCTByroTB o 

HepaBHOMipHOM'B paonpeflbjeHiH npaMtixB Ha-ionm, Ha^anaa cl cpefl- 
hhx'b BtKOBi* #o 1789 ro^a. 3 to noflTBepacflaeTca h MHoro^ncjreHHMMH 
opAOHaHcaiiB, KOTopue cbohmh pacnopaseHiaiiB othoohtcjibho taille 
o6Ha»aiorB H3BU Tor^amaaro ^HHaacoBaro CTpoa... H3X Bcta> flORy- 
mohtobb BHTOKaeTt off,nLWb $aRTT>, npaHafljresantffi r*b qncjiy Cesara^- 
HbHiBHX'B (JaKTOB'L names BCTopie: nocToaHHoe o6peMeHeme 64ahhxt> 
jioAefl bb noib3y fioraTBix'B. He toibko cymecTBOBaia utnue KaaccN, 
KOTopue, b*b cHjy caiiaro noJiHTsqecKaro CTpoa, nonBdOBajiHCB cbo6o- 
Aoft ott» HajioroBB, ho h cpe^a caiinxi MaTejn>maROB , B rocnoflCTBO- 
sajo noraoe HepaBOHCTBo: Goraraft coOcTBeHHHKB cBaaHBajTB qacTB 
noflaTHaro 6peHeHH Ha CiflHaro, rameHHaro BJriaHia mh horpobhtcib- 
«TBa>. Ilpn ycTaHOBJiemH HOBaro Haaora cqaTajocB caMO co6oro pa3y- 
MtonpMca npaBHjfoiTB, hto jjByxB BucmaxB cocjeobIh oh-b ho KacaeTca. 
Kor^a, npn oco6o RpaTaqecRHX'B o6cTOflTeJBCTBax r b, hphxoahjiocb npa- 
BjeKaTB Kb oCjoacemio a npaBHJierHpoBaHHue KJiaccu, to oto A r ^a- 

JIOCB CB BCaqOCRHMH B3BBH6HiaMH H OrOBOpRaHH, CCHJIKaMH Ha 66?- 

BBixoAHoe nojtoseHie rocyAapcTBa, yB^pemaMH, tto hobiiK HajorB 
Gyn&rb 0TMiH6Hi> Hene^ieHHo no MHHOBaHin Ha^o6HocTH. Kor^a Jfc>- 

AOBHRy XIV, BB BH^y CrftCHOHHHX'B 06CT0aT6JIBCTBT,, HpHIUJOCB BB6GTH % 

HajiorB, 3aA^BaBmifi npeBHjeria 8HaTH, to ohb jiojlto K0Jie6ajca, 
coMHiBaacB bt> cBbeifB npaBt o6iaraTB Bticmia cocjuoBia. Myiautift 
COMHtHiaMH, OHB 06paTHJICfl KB aBTOpHTOTHOMy rojiocy Cop6oflHLi, H 
ROr^a nOCJtiAHHH BHCKa3aJiaCB BB nOJIOatHTeJIBHOMB CMHCJlt, KOpOJIB, 

npaHaB-B OKOHqaTejiBBoe pimeHie, roBoparB, saniaRaix. Totb cauuft 
qeJioBtK-B^. KOTopLift ho noKOJie6ajica o6jeoshtb HajoroM-B nocy^y Oi^- 
HflRa h oSarpnj^ ce6a kpobbh) 6peraHCRHX'B RpecTBaH^ BgdCTaBinaxi 
npoTHBi qpe3MtpHHxi> noAaiefl, kotopbtA cb HecRp^BaeMUicB yjiOBOJB- 



*) Clamagiran. Histoire de Timpot en France. I, npeAaca. LVII. 



136 <• m P70GK0S BOrATCTBO. 

CTBieifB npe^aBajTB npoTecTSHTOBx camiirB BosMyTHTeiBmricB Ka3- 

HHMB,— He MOrL COBJia^aTB <TB CBOHMH HOpBaMH, KOr^a 6MJ npHmiocE 

B8ATB rponn. H3i> RapMaHa «6aaropoAHHX , B» Goraieft... 

Bi» Ao-p8BOJiion;ioHHOft $paHn?H npffrpoirB xasecTH npflMoro o6jio- 
S6Hia Gbiaa taille (juuhB h no3eiieiBHHft HaiorB), otb ROTopoft 

H0JDb30BaJIHCB KVbATieWb KaKT> JHqHOCTB CjaropOAHHXT), TaRB H HX*B 

86MAH. 3totb Hajrori, cooraBJiflBinift RpynHy© qacn> 6K>A»era 
Tor^amHefi $paHitfH *), 6kutl oahhmx b3t» o6p6MeHHTejBHtftmsxi> 
AJifl 6iAHaro JuoAa HaioroBi. n&MflTB o Hem SHBa noHust bt» 
Macct $paHHj3CKaro Hapo^a, h ctohtb toilko npn irpoesTi sa- 
.Roro-ra6yAB HOBaro Hajrora HORasaTB ero cxoactbo, iota 6u bhbhi- 
Hee, cl taille, RaRB nporaBB Hero TOTqaci HOAHHMeTca chibeo& 
hcaobojbctbo HapoAHoi Maces. Harfea Aiuo ci> HaioraMV CTaparo 
pesHMa, mm he Ha MHHjTy He bhxoahmb hsb c^epn jh6o noiHaro 
HsiffriH npHBHjrerflpoBaHHux'B RjraccoBB otb o6jo»eHifl, jh6o paaiaq- 

WOXb XbTOTb, CBOAHBfflHX'L lUaieSH ABOpflHCTBa H ^JXOBeHCTBa RT> 

Hyaio. TaRB, bt> 1695 roAy 6Kua BBeAena noroJOBHaa HOAaTB (capi- 
tation), KOTOpaa AOMHa 6ujia na^aTL 6e3B HCKJioqeHia Ha bcbxb 
$paHuy30BT>, pa3fffeieHHUxi> na 22 RJiacca. Ho Bceo6ojHOCTi» o6ioace- 

Hlfl 3A*CB 6MJia TOJLKO HOMHHaJILHafl. IIpHBHJienipOfiaHHUfl COCJOBifl 

Maio no Maiy, eAHHOBpeMeHHoi ymaToft HesHawreJiBHOil cyMMH, ot- 
KynajHCL otb Haiora, TaRi tto, ho cjOBaM* T»pro, RanirraipH npn- 
BHiernpoBaHHUXi. RiaccoB'B nocTeneHHo Aonwa ^ minimum'a, a Ka- 
nHTauifl noAaTHHX'B cocjobUI Aocrarja uh$ph caMoft taille. B*b npo- 
MeayTORB BpeMeaa otb BBeAema BTofi noAaiH ao bqoxh Tiopro KanH- 
Tauifl ABopHBHHa yMeHBmHJiacB Ha V 4 h Aaae y €i a RanHTaitfa spe* 
CTBflHHHa yBejuH^HJiacB bb 10 pa3B. TpeTBe cocjOBie Henypa saiyensa 
vb cbobxi> cahiers, to> ABopaHe bt» bh^ RaiiHTaijni maTHTB okoio 
V,oo QBoero Aoxo^a, a KpecTBHHe orojio *I u . To se caicoe noia3H- 
BaiorL npoTOROJiBi npoBHHi^iajiLHux'B co6pamtt Hjil Ae-$paaca h Op- 
jeaHHa. B*b BepxHei TieHH b*b 1783 roAy RanHTai^fl ABopaHCTBa h 
qHHOBHHqecTBa 6tuia sHaqHTOJiBHO yMeHtmeHa, a KanHTan^a, oiaTH- 
Maa HapoAOH'B, ocTajiacs 6e3B nepeu^HH. Maio Toro: hoaobmkh abo- 

paHT> 3a6uBaJIHCB CT> 60JIbm0fi CHHCXOAHTeilBHOCTBK) , H 9T0 Otuo oahemi 

H3i> cpeACTBi jw& H36aBJieflia ce6a otb njraresa. Kasie mapoKie pa3- 
MipH npHHHMajo HaRomieHie abophhckhxi> hgaohmoki,, mohho bha^tb 
H3i> Toro, hto b^ 1775 roAy, nanpHMip-B, MHorie .ABopaHe He ynjia- 
thjh Kanirraain 3a 1767 roA^. AyxoBeHCTBo BOBce H30aBHJiocB otb 
KanHTaijiH, 3aMiHHB^ ee He3HaiHTeiBHUMH AofipOBOiBHUMH npflHome- 
HiflMH ao 3-xt> mhjuuohob'b bb roAB, Aa h t4 He Bcer^a ynia^HBaiBCB: 
B^ 1788 roAy oho ynjiaTMO Bcero 1 mm. 800 tmc, a b-b 1789 roAy 

COBCtlTB 0TKa3aJI0CB HJiaTHTB, To X6 caHoe HyXHO CRa3aTB TpeTBeiTB 

rjiaBHOHX BHA'b npaMLix'L HaioroBB — vingti^me (€ABaAn;aTafl A6H^ra»). 



*) Bt, 1775 roAy taille cocTaBJwn* 65,6% Bceft cyMMBi HaxoroBi h novni 
Vi Bcero AOZOAHaro 6K>A&eTa. 



PA8BHTIB OCHOBH. HA^AJTB HOA- OBJIOS. BB 3AH. BBPOH-B. 137 
JtBOpflHB IMaTMH *TOIBRO HOJOBHHy H flase TpeTB TOTO, 1T0 AOISHH 

(5bim niaTHTB, hm4h1h se 6£ahkxi» jnoAeft ofiioseHBi 6bmh co Bceft 
tJTporocTBro. Cx>Aa cjrt,nyeTt npncoeAHHHTB em;e h to, tto bc4 Apyria 

IIOBHHHOCTH (KHXHltfa, COJ^aTOKift nOCTOft, ^OpOSHafl nOBHHHOCTB) OT- 
6HBaJHCb HCRJOOMTeJIBHO HeopaBHjerHpOBaHHUMH COCXOBlflMB. Ta- 

rhitb ofipasoMB, mpmi bch Macca HajoroBB h hobhhhoct6h nanaia 
Ha TpeTBe cocjoBie. IIo BU^HCieiiD Mopo Ae-2KoHHeca, bb Hanaat » 
XVII Btaa 3-e cowroBie naaTMO 77% BcfcrB HaaoroBB, a npHBHJie- 
nrpoBaHHBia cocaoBia 23%. IIepe.irB peBoiioitfeft AyxoBeacTBo yMaw- 
Baio rocy^apcTBy b-b bha& HaaoroBB ho CoiBine qeTBepTH cbohxt* ao- 
xoaobt*, ABopaHCTBO tojbko Ve» a 3-e cociOBie V 3 . Cahier HeMyp- 
cicaro 6ajiBasa sajryeTca, <rro h3*b 12 chohob'b 4 yxOAflTB Ha Haiora. 
Bb HlaMnaHH Hajioro ROJrefijnoTca Me»Ay 54 h 71% BaJOBoro ^oxoaa, 

BTb HJTB A6-$paHCt OHH COCTaBMH)TB OROJO 42%, BB OBOpHH 60J*e 

55%, HHorja Aaae 85%, bt> npnxoA* Vanves ohh paBHHBOTca 65%. 
T4 se naiora raaTHra h jik>ah, HHiero He HMiromie. noAenmHR-B bb 
Tyjy36H*, noaryroBinift 10 oy b% aghb, niaTHJTB RanHTaijia 8, 9 h 
10 jiTOpoBTb; bb BypryHAiH npocTOft CaTpasB niaTHJB gtb 18 ao 20 

JHBpOB'B *). 

MHoro^acjieHHiia rataii* h npHBtueria npHirtnaiHCB TaRrae rb 
KooBeHHHirB naiorairB, HM^BinHirB rpovaAHoe pacnpooTpaHeme h ho 
maiHBtnHBTB Hmero, mo tojbro mojkho 6bmo o6jto»htb. HepaBRO- 
h^Phoctb h Tyn, 6u. i ia nopa3HTejBHaff; npHBHierapoBaHHoe noaose- 
Hie BHcmoxB RiaccoBT* BUCTynaJio 3H f 6cb cb TaRoft se oTRpoBeHHocTbro, 
RaR'B h bt> npaMBix'B HaJioraxB. ToBapti pa3Hoft ^hhocth oiaTHJH 
OAHHaROBHft HajiorB, npH*eMB po3HHqnaa ToproBia otfjaraaacB chjb- 
fffee ohtoboS. IIosTOMy juaija, ynoTpe6jffBinia Aoporie TOBapu, naa- 
thjih oraocHTejrBHO MBHBnre TfcxB, ROTopue ynoTpefaain TOBaput ao- 
nreBBte. Kpoirt Toro, BBicraie RaaccH npn H0Tpe6aeHia npo^yKTOBB 
Hep^ABO npaMO ocBo6oaciaj[HCB otb HajoroBt hjih ynjiaqHBaiH tojbko 
qacTB. 'TaRi, bt, BOAO^moiTB 6iopo $AaHApia RpecTBHHe njraTHJH 3a 
BOARy 3 jHBpa 10 cy, a abophho tojtbro 2 JHBpa 7 cy. Bb CaiBast 
Hjd RpecTBaHe manure 3a BOARy 3 J. 5 cy, a npHBHierapoBaHHHe 
2 j. 10 cy. Ecjih eme hphhstb bo BasaaHie 3ioynoTpe6jreHm c6op- 
hihrobx noAaTeS, ROTOpae H3B jrnqHHX'B cooSpaaeHift AasajiH pasaBia 

JTBrOTH 3HaTHHMB H fioraTHBIB JH>UH!fB **), yBeiH^HBaff THrOCTH 6tA" 

hhx'b, to nojyqHsrt nojHoe npeACTaBieme o tomb rHerfe. ROTopuS 
lesaiB Ha aapoAHOfi Macci h Ha tpotboitb coojobih BOo6me ***). Thotb 



*) H. Kapneeb. RpecTBflHe h KpecraracKift BonpocB bo <E>paHn;iH bt> nocjrfea- 
Hell leTBepTH XVIII B*Ba. 169—174. 

**) <Bojtbo hjih MeH'Be ooraTEift TienoB'feK'B HHor^a npocTo roBOpffJn c6op- 
OHBy no^aTeft, qTO ohi. hbt^tb, h cCopmaKt yzoAHJi'B he ct> *i%irb 9 6oach 
noABeprHyxLCfl HaicasaHiK) 8a B3HCK&Hie no^aTH cb HS'BaTaro or& MaTe^a 
aHAa» (Ibid., 171—172). 

***) c^OCTOftnO r0TT6HT0T0BB TO TOCy^apCTBO, B"B ROTOpOlfb H8B*CTHafl 

rpynna JiK^eft Moaten> cKasaTt: «naaT2TB noxmQWb totb, sto pa60TaeTB' } mm 



PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 
0TOTL R31 TOAa Vb TO%b pOCB C*B HeHMOB*pHOft ()NCTpOTOfi. TaKT, BT> 

npuxoAi 5KaHBHJiBe OABa tojbko taille cb 1715 j\ AO* 1789 Bospocjia 
Coite itM-B r*b 8 1 /2 pa3i>. Bt> jOiepeBBi Eypaa Hajora yBeJuwBiHCB 
aa 20 Jin Ha 10%; bt> BepMaHTOH* ct 1687 no 1780 r. Haaora 
no^HHJiHCb c* 7897 JiBBp. ao 12768. HpflXOAi Pierreville b*b 1775 r. 
njaiuji* 1915 JiHBp., a qepe3* 7 JO*n> y«e 4783 a. *). 

He yAHBHTejLHo, ^to c^Mers Tpeubaro cocaotoia hojihu ropBKHX'B 
;j;a,n""n. Ha rHei'LHajioroBx: «Bo Bctii^epeBHflXi $paHijiH, roBOpirrcH 
B'b < about* cahier, noAHiiaerca uparb Hapo^a, pa3AaBaeHHaro neno- 
wi-Iiiium MBcajecTBOMt BaaoroBt, h btotb KpHEi B03Btn^aerB, hto 
cKopo fiyAen* caMoe noaHoe BCTomeme BcixT* hcto^hhsobi^ ofiaoxe- 
aja», Bi Apyroin* cahier saay»TCH, ito €6t,HHoiiy pafioqeMy npnxo- 
amm njaTBTB h coAepxaiB •rbx'B, KOiopne ero 6b»tb, BHroHH»n» 
us* aoiiy, JHnmaiQTi cpeACTBi kt> cymecTBOBaHiB **). PyaHCKift nap- 
jiaMefln> cKa3ajn> bt> 1763 roAy: «Bann> HapoA*, rocyAapt, Hecia- 
cieH^; Bee cBBAtTeaBCTByerB o6^ btoM neMaaBHoft bcthh*. HoTont 
najiorciB'B 3aaMT> HemaAHO nanm ropoAa h AepeBHa; imymecTBo, npo- 
Mbicjjw, jih^hoctb rpasAaHi> — see oOaomeHo; Aaace BHUjeTa CAfcaaaacB 
HieptBofl Baaora* ***). Bi 1759 roAy Gilhouette AOKaaAHBaaT* Kopoa»: 
->■[ t.'MH najioroB'B yae o^enB Taseao; AepeBflH Haxo^Tca b*b TaKOMt 
noJioaeHiB, ito ct> hbxt> 6oaie Heiero b3htb» ****). HeKKepT* bi» 
cec6mi> aokji8a4 KopoJK) saaBaaeiT*, qTO o6aoseme AocTHriq Kpai- 
hbxt* npeA*aoBT>, oTM^eBBiaxx noaoaeBiein* HapoAa. TasecTH Ha- 
j oio iit eme KpacHopi^BBte cBHAtTeaBCTBy»iT» MaonmcaeHHiia Ha- 

p<;iHUil BOJUBeHlH, CBJIOmB H pfiAOMX COflpOBOaKAaBIIliH B3BUaHie Ha- 

jioroBi . TaMT> h cara HapoAT* npaito OTKasHBaaca naaTBTB, Tarb qto 
upnxoABJiocB nocHJiaTB BOBCKa. tCi HesanaMHTHHX'B BpeMeHB npa- 
uue HSJiorH nocTyuaiDT'B se HHa^e, RaKi Dpi noMonp rapHH30Ha, b 
h-b BTOtti fltit BHiero cTpaHBaro, iawb KaKi ohh OTHHna»rB ho^th 
uoiiOBEBy qBCTaro A0X0Aa» *****). 

l;Mtcit ci 6poaeHieMi, nponcxoABBmnMi bt» napOAHHXi Maccaxt 

B IijupBJBaBIDBMCH Bapjay B'B BHA* OTEpUTUXl B03MymeHlfl, H6A0- 

bojiiictbo cymecTBy»mBM'B cTpoeMi nocTeneHHO HaKOMMocB h b'b 
c j ic. ]■!» fiucnrnxi cjioeBT. TpeTBaro cociobih. Oho CTaHOBBTCH BecBMa 3a- 
vs l.juhJMi yse cb ceMBJitTBeft BofiHH. Khb»hh4 puHOK% HaBOAHfleTca 
npt-iiijopauH h uaM$jreTaMH, hojbbbimh pt3KHX*B BanaAOKi Ba npaBH- 
■ lmjctbo h rocnoACTBycn^ia cocjioBia. Ho Mipt pocta caMoco3HaHia 



i!iim':\i He aojeshbi naaTHTB, noTOMy qTo mu npasAHu*. (Voltaire. Oeuvres 
completes, t. 24, cTp. 302). 
*J Kapne&b, 167. 

** ) P. J. Proudhon, Theorie de l'impot, 30. 
***) Sismondi, Histoire des Francis. XXXIX, 287. 

} Ch&rles Gomel, Les causes fiuancieres de la resolution frangaise Les 
ministferes de Turgot et de Necker. 11. 

) Taine, Les ongines de la France contemporaiQe. La R^roluUon. I 
17- me U It), 92. • 



PA3BHTIE OCHOBH. HA^AXB HOtf. OBJIOac." B*B 3AH. EBPOUfc. 139 

b*b 6ypsya3iH h pa3BHTia &E0H0Mtf?ecEHX'B HAeft, BpamaBmaxca raaB* 
huitb o6pa30Mi» BOKpyrt raeTa HaioroB'B H HecnpaBeAMBocTH noAaT- 
hhx'l npHBBJierifl, hucthhethbhsui HeHaBHCTB ki> cymecrByiomefi ce- 
deMt HajoroBi) ofipamaeTca bt> cosHaTejiBHyro. K*b kohdj ijapcTBO- 
Bama JlDAOBHKa XV 6yp»ya3Hue EjaccH Ha^HHajorB ontpuTO Tpe- 
6oBaTB pacnpocTpaHeHia noAaraaro 6peneHH h Ha 06a BNcmia cocao 
Bifl. rocnoACTBys)mie EJiaccu, cb GBoefi aropoHH,. KpinKo AepxaTca 
cbobx'l zhcoTb n npeBMynjecTB'B, h TaKi» sas'B Ha hxt. dopoHi npa- 
BHTe2BCTBo > a bt> napaaMeHTax-B, cyAeCHHX'B jHipesAeBiax-B h co6pa- 
HiaxTb reHepajbHuxi» nrraTOB'B ohh HMirorB oonLinHHCTBO, to saioGH 
3-ro cocjiobih ocTaDTCfl rjnacoMi Boni»maro bi» nycTNH*. Houmtkh 
$BHaHcoBhix r L pe$opinb, npeAnpHHHMaBmiaca npaBHTOJiBCTBOMi no^t 
AaBJieHieMi HacToaTeaBHoS Hyac^M b*b ^HbraxT,, HHKor#a KopeHHUM'B 
o6pa30M , B He nocaraja na cymecTByromyro opraHHsaitfH) HaaoroBi. 
Majrfcimift Haitera, b-b EOTopom> 3HaTB Moraa ycnoTp'&TB onacHOCTi 
AM cBOETb npHBHJierifi, B036yjKnajn> 6ypi> HeroAOBama, epheh o 
noTpacema ochobt> rocy,aapcTB€HHaro dpoa. Hh PemejiBe, hh Ma3a- 
Phhh, hh Kojn>6ep'b, hh Cdjuh He o6HapyacmiH cepB63Haro HaMipe- 
Hia npeo6pa30BaTB cncTeiiy HaioroB'B. DepByjo h eAHHCTBeHHyro* no- 
HHTBy dToro poAa hosho Chjto osH^aTB otb Tiopro, ho h ohb ho 
ycirfurB ocymecTBHTB cbobx'l naMipemft h najrB, jhihb tojlko npeo- 
6pa80BaHieu'B < ^oposHofi dobhhhocth ofb zwkjn> HHTepecn npHBH-' 
jierBpoBaHHUx-L cocaoBifi. Tropro HecoMHiHHO 6imi npeACTaBirrejrejrB 
6ypsya3iH, bt> KOTopofi oahoS bh^jii onopy am cBoeft hojibthkh. 
He CMOTpa na EpafiHMo cepomhoctb ero Ha^HHaHiB, Ha bcd ero octo- 
POxhoctb, oht, bo 36 y AMI npoTHBB cefia HeroAOBame apHcrospaTin h 
ea npeACTaBHTeiiefl — napjiayeHTOBx a mhhhctpob'b. napaaecEifi napja- 
iieHTB 0TKa3ajca 3apernoTpHpoBaTB 9ahetb Kopoia o pe$opir& Aopos- 
Hofi hobhhhocth, ito 6mo HeofixoABMO ^Jlfl BCTyraeHia 3aK0Ha B*B 
cHay. Bx TopacecTBOHHOiTB sact^aHiH, cocTOHBmeMca bt» npncyTCTBiH 
Kopoja, nepBwfl npesHAeHTB napiaMeHTa bt> pfeEHXi BHpaseHiax'B 
ocya^ajn dahett*, bx eotopom-b ohb ycMOTpiji^ noEymeHie Ha npa- 
BnjieriH 3HaTH. ' C*b eme 6ojBmnM , B iphh3hohx BUCTynaji'B reHepajb- 
Hiii aABOEarb, Bupa3HBmifi npaBHTe JbCTBy nopni],aHie 3a to, ito 
o&BHBjeHHaa pe$opna cMtrnHBaerb npBBHjerapoBaHHHH cocJOBia c^ 
ocTajiBHofi Maccofl. cMena BOSMyTH^a ptiB reHepaiBHaro a^BOEaTa, — 
nHcairB no BTOMy noBOAy BajiBnojB, — oTCTanBaBraaro HOHaBHCTHHe 
HHTepeou 3HaTH h AJ^oBeHCTBa otb jsajio6'B GIahheob'b h ynoTpe6- 
jiaBinaro cBoe npecTynHoe EpacHopi^ie, hto6h 3aoTaBHTB EopoM no- 
^epTBOBaTB HHTepecaMH MaccB paAH npHBHJierifi HeMHorHXi»i *). Cb 
HeMeHBrnnifB JKapoarb oTCTaHBajia HHTepecn apncTOEpaTin npeACTaBH- 
Tejis npaBHTejiBCTBa. Mehhctp'b Mirom^snil nHcajn Tiopro: «a aoji- 
mefl-b csa3aTB, ^to bo $paHn,iH npHBHJueriH SBaTH aojxhu 6litb yBa- 
acaekH; a nojaararo, ^to npaMofl HHTepecB Eopojra — hxb nowepaH- 



*) Gomel, 202-203. 



1P?B- 



*?- - 
s 






*■■'.■ 



140 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

BaTB» *). Bceo6mee hoaobojibctbo apacTORpaTia aoKOje6aio aoB-fcpie • 
Kopojfl rt> Tnpro. Koiyia pacnpocrpaHMacfc b4ctb o6i» OTCTaBRi re- 
HepaJiLHaro ROffrpoiepa. to pa^ocTH apHCTOKpaiiH, ct» qjeHaMH Ropo- 
JieBCRaro poiia bo raaBi, He 6hjo npe.aftiOB'b. tPajjocTB ABopa, nn- 
cajrb Mnpa6o, BupasmacB bt> BOCRjraijaHiH M. d'Artois: HaKOHem>-TO 
y Hact 6y^yn» fleHBra!.. Ho napo^i onycTHjrB rojroBy> **). IIoiiHTRa 
Tropro ho Moraa ystHqaTBca ycnixoirB, noTowy *rro Cypayasia Torjja 
He Hirfcjia noiHTHiecRaro MiaHia. Ero onra6Ra cocroaja Bt toitb, tto, 
yBipemnaft bt> HpaBCTBemoft no,nnepaR4 co ctopohh TpeTtaro cooio- 
Biff, ***) OHt He no3a6oTMCH jjaTB eMy $aRTHqecRoe yqacrie bo BHyrpeH- 
Hein» ynpaBjemn. Pe^opiiy HpoBHHi^iaiBHuxi co6pamfi ohb nocTaBO'L 
Ha 3a,nmtt njaHt, Meajiy Tiara KaKt cb btoto oh'b jojaeni 6ujh> Ha- 
qaTB. Ecjh 6u owb piiHBjicH co3BaTL reHepaiBHHe njTaTH 1 TOjcirfcxT> 
•ror^a 6hjtb 6h HecoMH&HHO Ha ero ctopoh*, TairB Kara 6ypaya3ia 
npeo6jra^ajira 6h iHcaeHHo ****). nociinyromia cofimia buojh* nofl- 

TBepgUH BTO. 

Bt> 1789 roay 6ypaya3ia BocTopaecTBOBaia, h nepBHBTB a^^ostb 
ea 6Hjra OTir&Ha HeHaBHCTHHXt irpHBHJierift bbicihhx'b cocaoBift h 
yHHTroaeme CTapoft cacTeira HajoroBt RaRi> npaMMXt, TaRT> h koc- 
BeHHHx^. JHeKpert HairioHaiBHaro co6pania otb 7 0Rra6pa 1789 roia 
o6i)flBHjri>: cBci Hajiora h o6nxecTBeHaua TarocTH rojurru nanaTb Ha 

BCfcx* rpa7KAaHT> H C06CTB6HHflK0B'B, C0pa3tftpH0 HXT> COCTOflffilO H 

niaTeaHocnoco6HOCTH>. r 3i[icB 6ypsyasia BiipasHia obojd noflarayK) 
profession de foi: OToyrcTBie bchrhx'b ro^aTiS h nponopijioHaiBHOCTB 
ofiaoaeHia. 9th iBa RoapuHHaaBHBix'B npHHijana qtiHRoirb nepernia 
Vb ^eiuiapairiiD npaB'B, ROHCTHTyijiH 1791, 1795 rr. h bo bc4 no3flHtft- 
mia. iBHHeme 1789 roja hochio na cefrfe fiypsyasrai; xapaKTepi,, 
9to bhaho, Meany ppoqairB, h3*b Toro, *rro ROHCTHTyijia 1791 roia 
ranraia 6aTpaK0Bi> H36apaTeJiBHHX'B npaBi h ycTaaoBHira nem-b RaR*B 
una. npaBa H36paeia, TaKi> h urn npana HsSapaeicocTH. HanpOTHBT*, 
npaBHTeiBCTBO 1793 ro.ua HMijo apnift jjeMORpaTH^ecKift xapaRTep-B: 
ycTaHOBHB-s Bceo6n^ee H36apaTejiBHoe upaBO, oho Birlcrfc ctb rtM-B 
npoBosrjracMO nporpeccHBHHft npHHijairB o6ioaema. Ho TopaecTBO 
AetfORpaTia 6mro GJHmROBfB RpaTROBpeMeHHo; ea nuen npoHecJincB 9 
6jecTamHBTB MeTeopoM^, Hcqe3HyBinHM^ 6e3i cjrfcfla. Boa npe^niecTBo- 
BaBmaa HCTopia nojjroTOBBja no6-feji:y 6ypaya3ia, ho ho pa(5oqaro 
Rjacca, b*b ROTopoirB ODxe ho 6mo cosHama aHTaroHH3Ma HHTepecoB^ 
Tpyjia h RaHHTaia. 0^1795 rojia yoTaaaBJiHBaeTca b*b HOTopia $paH- 
ny30RHxt HaioroBT* 6ypaya3HHft npHHn;Hn , b, TopaecTBO ROToparo npo- 
AOiaaeTca, 3a HCKJiioqeHieM'B KopoTKaro nponeayTKa 1848 r., -bitjotl 
jlo HaraHXT* flneft. 



*) Ibid., 174. 
**) Ibid., 221. 
***) Ibid., 146. 
****) DeLavtrgne. Le* aseambldes provinciales sons Louis XVI, pr6£ XII. 



PA3BHTIE OCHOBH. HA^AJTB HOA- 0BI03E. B'B 3AH. EBPOHfc. * 141 

EtOAaTHan cncTOMa, teeAeHHaa bi anoxy Beinsoft peBoaioniH, co- 
CTOflJia H3i> 4-x'j» raaBHHX* HajioroBx: 1) noaeMejibHaro (contribution 
foncifere, sax. 1 ao*. 1790 r.), 2) contribution personnelle et mobilise 
(3as. 13 ahb. — 18 $6Bp. 1791 r.), cocTo&Bmaro H3i> npjTb ochob- 

HMXTb TOCT6&, 03* EOTOpHX* O^Ha OnpeA^JUUaGB Tp6XAH6SH0& 8apa- 

CoTHofl uaToft, a APjraa — maTofi aa EBaprapy; 3) npojuicjtoBoro 
Hajora (3as. 2—17 MapTa 1791 r.), Beuqa&a KOToparo onpeA*ia- 
*acb bx saBHCHiiocTH orb CTOHMOOTH noirfemeHia (10%), h 4) aajora 
sa OKHa h ABepH (aaK. 24 Hoa6pa 1798 r.). PasciiaTpflBaa -BTy ch- 
CTOMy, He Tpywo 3aMtTHTb Tpa xapaKTepHHa lepra ea: 1) aoxoah 
otl abbshmhxi KauHTajioBT> He noAieaarb Hajiory, 2) o6nu& npaH- 
Hflrrb — nponopi^ioHajibHocTb ofaoaceHia, 3) pa3Mfcp* Hajiora onpeA*- 
raeTca BHimHHMH npH3HaKaMH. OfcAOBaTejMO, Bceo6maocTH raio- 
. roB-b bt> AiacTBHrejibHOCTfl ho 6mo: rpoMaABbiH uaccL 6ora*eft, su- 
Bym.HX'b npon,eflTaMH Ha Kanaiajrb, nojLb30Baica HSiarieirb orb 0610- 

SOHifl. T0Tb HMeHHO KJaCCb, KOTOput nOJlB30BaiCa HaHOOABmHirB 

BJUHHieMi bt» enoxy peBOJuoitfa, 8Ta < bourgeois vivant noblement>, 
h3t> pflAOB-b KOTopuxi* peEpyrapoBaiacb «naxpioTH 1789 roAa» *), — 
CAtaaaa ceftfe MaaeHbKiri noAapoEi bt> bha* cbo6oah otl HaaoroBb. 
IIpHBHJieriH, npHHaAJiesaBmifl paHbme GaaropoAHHJib no Kpoaa, no- 
pemjiH Tenepb ex 6aaropoAHUMi» no Eomeju>Ey, cb tod iamb pasHM- 
ijeft, ito r&, y6isAeHHbie bt> cBoem> npaB* Ha npeaiiymecTBa, 3a- 
aMHJin o tomt> oTKpbiTO orbi et urbi, a eia, na caosax-b npoTedya 
npoTHBi> bchbbx'B H3xaTifi, $aExa^ecEH c03Aajifl A*a cefia npeaiiyme- 
• CTBOHHoe noioaenie, 3aMacK£puBaBi> ero bt> ofaoseHin Bctxx hctoi- 
hheobt> AoxoAa, KpoMt ABasaMaro Eauaxaja. 9xa npaBmLerapoBaH- 
Hodb Bucmefl 6ypasya8iH ho TaEi Opocajiacb bt> raasa noBepxaocr- 
HOMy HaGjuoAaieJiD, Ka&i» npes^e npaBMierapoBaaaocxb ABopaacTBa 
h AyxoBeHCTBa. Ob BHtmHoft cTopoflbi Bee xyn> npeapacHo: paAOMi cb 
BceoGmHocTbK) ofaoaceaia BBeAeHa copa3MipHocTb ct> aoxoaomx, Tasi 
^to cnpaBeA-iBBOCTb TopaecTBOBaaa. Ho bto Jinnib 6ypsya3Hafl onpaBeA- 
jHBOdb: B'b to BpeMH EdKi KpynHbie aoxoah OTB AeHeSHUXX EanHTa- 
joB-b 3a6uTH, aoxoah orb in^Haro TpyAa ho ocTaMeabi 6eai BHBMa- 
Hia, h noAOBbniHEy, ejie AoOufiaion^eMy ce&h uponaTaflie, npnxoABTca 
oTAaTb bt> sa3Hy cbod xpexAHefiHyi) iuiaTy, qio6u, shbh BcerAa Bnpo- 
rojOAb> Tpa AH* roJioAaib bhojih^. fl^^e, aoxoah orb apoMHcioBi 
HJiaTflTb 10% co ctobmocth noM^meaia; ho TaKi> EaEi> pa3Mtpbi no- 
irtmeHia h njiaia 3a Hero 3aBacarb He orb bojih^hhh o6opotobi> a 
npH6uja, a orb oco6eaaocTefi npoimcjia, to Majiue aoxoah yA'&i&ia 
Vk A^flcTBBTejibaocTH 6oJbmyio aojijo, ^ivb spynHHe. To se Hjtfeero 
m^cto B'b OTHomeaia Kb contribution mobilise, onpeAtiaion^ettca ma- 
Tofi sa saHBMaeayH) KBapiapy: totb ^aETb, *to O^Aaaa ceMba ynia- 
viBaerb 3a EBapTapy 6oJbmyro Hacn> cBoero sapa6oTEa f qtM'b Cora- 
Taa, ae noAaesarb cnopy; bo $paHi^iH cpeAaaa ceitba saTpana- 



*) Taine, aasB. co*., I, 416. 



142 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. " 

■ 

Baerc> Ha KBaprapy 7«— 7s CBoero AOXOAa, Tor.ua Kara y 64ahhxb 
pacxoA* sa KBapiapy paBHaeTca 1 / 4 mb 7* AoxoAa *). ^Ito Kacaeica 
o6ioseHia okohtb h a**P©*, to HeitnocTB Haiora Ha CBirB h B03Ayxt 
He Hys^aeTCH b* oC'tacHeHiax'B. Tauun, o6pa30MB, nponopijioHaiB- 
hoctl o6ioseHia cbo^htch kt> oCpeiieHeHiD (ftflHHKa, a Bceo6mnocTB 
osHanaerB npHBieieme k-b Haiory HHmeTH. HepaBHOirfipHOCTB, Bie- 
Kymaa 3a co6oh> oTaromeme diiHiftmnxt KiaccoB*, ycyryfiiaeTca 
eme o6mnin> xapaKTepoHi no^aTHofi chctcmu, b*b ocHOBanin KOTopoft 
jnesarB BHimnie npH3HaKH (BejrnqHHa seMeJiLHaro yiacTRa, niaTa 3a 
KBaprepy, noMimeme juul npoMticaa). 3a4cb oco6eHHOCTH hhahbh- 
AyaiBHaro x03&8cTBa bobcb He npHHHMaioTCH bo BHHManie, MesAy 
tbwb RaKi npa coBpeiieHHOMT) pasBHTis xo3HttoTB6HHaro ofiopoTa ao- 
xoahoctb npeAnpigTifi *acro h chibho irfcHaeTca, Vb 3aBHcnnocTH ors 
yciOBifi Brfecxa h BpeneHH, raqaoft HHHitfaTHBU, ojiyqafiHHX'L yAavt, 

CBH3aHHHX'B Vb KOHMJHKTypoft H np 01. 06iaraH HO HH^HBHAyaJTBHUft 

AOxoat>, $aKTHqecKH noiyqaeMtfft a&hhhm'b impirb, a Ty adcTpaKTHyio 
BtiroAy, KOTopan noser* 6htb BH*racieHa Ha ocHOBanin Toro hjih 
Apyroro BHinraaro npH3HaKa, rocy^apcTBO noparcaerb oahok) ma- 
Tejui^nunca 6ojn>me, tr&MB Apyroro; bhoch OAHHaKOBHfl Haiort, ohh Ha 
caMOMi fffejrt HntoTB pa3HHe aoxoah. He roBopro yae o toitb, Tro. 
mvbpeme aoxoahocth KoraqecTBOirB HSBicraaro npH3Haita He Moserb 

He 6MTb HpOH3BOJLHO. IIOdTOMy, BCHKaH CHCTeMa, OCHOBdHHafl Ha 

BFtmHEx-L npH3HaKaxT> (TaKOBa Ertragsteursystem), a He Ha onpeAi- 
JieHiH $aKTHqecKaro AOXOAa maTeiBmaKa, cTpaAaert HepaBHOMip- ^ 
HOCTBK), H6H36tSH08 JfrXQ BonpeRH HaMipemarB saKOHOAaTeia. $paH« ' 
ny3CKaH peBOJnoi^H, npoB03riacHB-B hphhijhiih Bceo6maocTH h paBHo- 
m4phocth, ycTaHOBHia HOAaTnyio CHcreiiy. ocBo6o»Aa»myro otl Haao- 
jowb KpynHy© 6ypsya3ix>, o6peMeHHK>myro Marae aoxo^h bt> noiBsy 
fioiBirax* h BOofime B3BaiHBaiomyH) no^aTHoe fipeira Ha HH3nrie 
HiaccM. HapoA^aa Hacca Maio BHHrpaia otb noxprrarcb pe$opr£ 
peBOJDi^ioHHoft anoxH. 

Be* nepnneTiH, kotophh nepeawa ^paHijia otb nepBoft peBOiuo- 
HiH ao ynpo^enia TpeTBeft pecnySiHKH, ne 0Ka3aia cymeerBeHHaro 
Bjriama na noAaTHyx) cncTeMy. npnBHJierHpoBaHHoe nojioaeme 6yp- 
3Kya3iff, o6peMeHeme TpyAamaroca KJiacca h TenepB cocTaBaaron waB- 
Hy» xapairrepHyi) nepiy $paHi;y8CEHX'B HaaoroBTb. He3HaqHTejrBHHa 
npeo6pa30BaHia CTapoft chct6Mli h BBeAeme 4%-Haro Haiora Ha a&- 
HearHHe KanHTajru He BHecin cymecTBeHHuxi, nepeu^H'B h hhckojb- 

KO H6 yM6HBIHHXH HH HpHBHierHpOBaHHOCTH 6oraTHXT> KJaCCOBl, HH 

KpafiHeft HepaBHOMipHocTH noAaTHaro 6peneHH Boofime. ^ocTa*roiHo 
6pocHTB 6tMHft B3rjnaAT> Ha 6H)A»erb TpeTBeft pecnyfaHKH, ^to6h 
yBHAiTB, Ha KaKie cjoh HaceaeHia naAaert rjaBHaa TaacecTB rocy- 
AapcTBeHHHX'B aoxoaobT). OAHa ^eTBepTB AoxOAHaro 6»AaeTa npaxo- 
AHTca Ha aojk) HaioroBi>, noiiyqaeBiLixT> noA*B pa3HHMH HaHMOHOBaHi* 



*) B. CydeiiKUHb, HpflMue Haiora h hit, opraHH8an,ia bo <I>paHi];iH, 114. 



PA3BHTD2 OCHOBH. BA^AJTB HOfl. OBJCHK. Kb 3AE. aBPOflfc. 143 

sans cb noaeMeJBHoft* coCcTBeaaocra, ugrrj Tiwb EaET> cb ToproBJin 
a npoMHmieHHocTH noJiy^aerca He Cox&e y i3 rocyaapcTBeaHHX'B #o- 

XOflOBlu A 06l0S6BId n036ireJ[BH0fi C06cTB6HHOCTH BO <5paHlflH 6CTB 

no npeiofyn^ecTBy ofiaoxeaie EpecrBaa*. Bt> caMOMi fliiii, H3i> Bcero 
qacua maTeiBiUEEOB'B no36MeiBHaro Haiora 61,02% npaxojjHTca Ha 

flOJIJO MeJIKHXt C06cTBeBHBR0B*B, BMtomHX'B H6 GOABIHe 1 TORTapa 36M- 

jeb, TOiyja KaKi> yqacTKauH ao 200 reETapoB* Bja^feert ne 6oaBme 
0,22%, a BHine 200 reKTapoBT. Bcero 0,12% *). CjrfcaoBaTeirBBo, 
rxaBHyD uaccy iuaiejiB^HKOB'B noseiiejiBBaro Hajiora cocTaBjifliorB moa- 

Kie C06CTB6HHHRH — Rp6CTBflH6. TITO KaCaOTCfl HepaBHOMtpHOCTH, TO 

OHa oqeHB KpacHopt^HBO BupasaeTCH orimyjomaiiB ija<J>paMa: no3e- 
uenHHfi HaiorB cocraBiaeTB bt> cpeflaeii'B 4,68% ci qacraro floxo- 
#a, a cb ^o6aB09HHMH caBTBMaMB 9,20%; o6io»eaie ToproBia a npo- 
MLunaeHHocTH cocTaBiaerB 3% cb ^acTaro floxoaa, a cb flofiaBoraH- 
mb caHTaMana 6%, t. e. ae^aaaMaa coCcrBeaHocTB o6jo«eaa bt> 
V[i pa3a cHiBfffee ToproBJH a rrpoMHCJioBL; aaaorB Ha CTpoeaia 6e- 
pert- 2,65% cb floxo^a, a cb flofiaBo^auMB caHTR&raMa 5,43%. Ecaa 
npaaaTB bo BBBMaaie, tto naTOBTHBift c6opt o6hrhob6hho nepeia- 
raeTca aa noTpefiaTejra, to craaeTi Bnorai acBHM*, hto naBBaa 
TaaecTB BaJoroBvnaaaerB aa aapoaayiD Maccy, xor^a aaa-B rocnoA- 
CTByionuft EJiaccB ynjiaiaBaerB HaHToaHyro cyMMy, nojryiaromyioca 
otb c6opa cb npoi^eBTBKix'B CyaarB. 

#o cayB nopT> mh hm^jh flfaio tojtbeo cb npflMHMH aaaoraMB, a 
Me&Ay rfeMi* co BpeMeaa BcrynjeHia bo BJiacrB Hanoaeoaa I bemotb 
flo aamaxi flaeft EOCBeaaiie aajora nporpeccapoBajra cb aeaHOBtp- 
aofi fincrpoToft, codaaiaa noflaBJLajomyio qacrB 6iDA«0Ta. Ecjia mu 
pa3CM0TpaarB 6»A»eTH $paaijia ct> 1801 #o 1883 r., b3hb*b roflnq- 
HHa opejiaia no nepio^aM'B: 1801—14, 1815—30, 1831—47, 1848—51, 
1852 — 70, 1871 — 83 (BjraflHqecrBO HanojeoHa I, pecraBpaijia Byp-. 
Cobob-b, Mtn^aHCKaa Moaapxia JlyH $HJEinna, BTopaa pecnyfiiBRa, bto- 
* paa aMnepifl, TpeTBa pecnyfanEa), to aa&fleirB, tto npaaue aajrorn 
aeapepuBBO najjara, cocTaBaaa Bt nepBHft, nepiofl'B 42,4% ofinjaro 
6jo,naeTa, bo BTopofl 38,1%, b-b TpeTiii 33,9%, BiwrBepTHH 34,0%, 
b*b naraii 27,7%, bt> mecToS 23,1%, Tor^a KaKt EocBeaaue aajiora, 
aanpoTaBT*, 6e30CTaaoBoqao pocjia: 41,8% — 55,4%— 59,3% — 57,2% — 
62,5% — 66,7%. K*b TOMy aie pesyjiBTaTy npa^eMi. mm, ocjih, bm4cto 
npon;eaTaaro OTHomeaia o6ohx , b bh^obx Hajora etb o6meMy Cro^aeTy 
sa AaaauM nepio^, bosbmom'b aScojiiOTHMa i^a^pu 6k)a»6tob'b sa 
o^hht, saEofi-jia6o ro^t Eas^aro B8i> 9thxt> nepiOAOB'B; hh Baft/tern*, 
^to ct 1830 AO 1885 r. npaMHe aajora B03pocja Ha 144,8%, a ko- 
CBeaaHe Ha 394,5%. #ia xapaKTepacraKB coficTBeaao TpeTBett pec- 
ny6jBKH cpaBaaicB 6DAseTU 1870 a 1894 rr.: aocjiiAaifl npeBbimaerL 
nepBBT& aa 1847,7 mhj. $p.; bbi btoS oyaMH 9,1% npaxoflBTca aa* 
AOjoo npaMBix'B HajoroB^, a 82,4% aa flora EocBeaBBixi. Kt> BTOBiy 



*) Ad. . TFa#«er, Finanzwisseuschaft, III, 447. 



144 PFCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HyacHO npiiGaBHTB, ?to kocbohhh6 HaaorH na^aDTB hotth Ha |bc4 
npeAMeTH MaccoBoro noTpe6i6Hifl y ho HCRjmqaa 6yMarn, cBiieft, cdh- 
MeK-B, jKcyca h up. Tasoe padBHTie kocb6hhhx , b HaaoroB-B, nadato- 
umch imenuMb o&pa30Mb ua npedMemunepeou neofixoduMocmu, OieHB 
xapaRTopso PAa 6ypsya3Haro pesatia coBpeMOHHOH ^panuifl. Bi> $h- 
HaHcoBoti Hayxt cqHTaeTca ueocnopflHUH'B (ftaBTOMt, too Haiorn Ha 
npeAMem noTpeOaeHia oCpeMeHfliorL 6*AHHe oaccH HecpaBHeHHO 
6ojibiue, *rbin> fioraTHe *); EpoM* Toro, bo $paHipH ofiaoaemi rt 
HH6HH0 npeAMGTH, EOTopne ynoTpe6JiaE>Tca 6iAHtfimBM'B jidaomx: boa- 
Ea, caxap*, EO$e, ctpHua cna*iEH, cojib, bockobub cb*ih, Ta6aEi> a 
up. *). Cjobom'b, $paHuy3CEaa cBdeMa HaaoroBt, B3axaa bt> h^omi, 
He ynoBJieTBopflerB A**e npaHijHnaM'B 6ypsya3Haro KOAeRca— BceoCm- 
hocth h nponopn,ioHajibHOCTH ofooaceHifi, He roBopa yse o npnHijK- 
naxi», BUABBHyTBixi coBpeiieHHofi (J)HHaHcoBoti HayKofl — nporpeccBB- 
hogth o6jo2ceHia h ocBo6o8A6Hin otb Haaora H3BtcTaaro minimum'a 
AOXO.ua. , 

HenoMipnoe o6peM6HeHie TpyAamnxca KJnacooBX **) He Mono He 
BH3UBaTB HO^OBOJibCTBa BcaKifi past, KOi^a pa6o^eiiy KJiaccy y^aBa- 
jiocb sacTaBBTL BLicjiymaTb cboh Tpe6oBaaia. Bt> peBOJiE>iyE> 1848 ro.ua 
BnepBbie cKa3aiocB oaccoBoe canoco3HaHie bt> paOo^efi cpe**; Tor^a 
BiiepBue pa6oiifl KJiaccx BHCTynHjn> oT/vkibHO ott> dypsyasin h npo- 
thbx flea. H $eBpajbCKaa pecnyfijiiiEa nepBaa cAtiasa nonuTsy 
B3MtBHTb noAaTHyE) CHCTeMy bt> HanpaBJieHia, 6jiaroapiaTHOirb BapoA- 
Hofi Mace*. Yme qepe3i> 5 Aaeft nocafc HB3Bepacema Jly^ ^flJHiraa 
BpeMeHHoe npaBHTeJBCTBo bo3b*cthjio, *rro Heo6xoAHMa 6ojrfce capaBeA- 
jiHBan CHCTOMa BajoroBi>. Bi> CBoefl AeK*apaitfH orb 16 MapTa 1848 r. 
TapHbe Haace 3aaBHJi^, ito caMbift cnpaBeAMBUft Hajion> — 9T0 hoao- 
xoAHHfi Ha noAofiie SpHTaHCKaro income-tax. Bt> 1849 roAy TapHbe 
Ilaxe npeAJosajn, otm4hhtb cojhihoh h&iofb, ofaoaeme HanaTKOBt 
a Mflca n ycTaHOBHTB BsaM^ai* BToro nporpeccHBHoe o6iioseHie co6- 

CTB6HB0CTH H HajOITb Ha HtKOTOpiie ap6AM6TEI pOCEOBlH. Ho BC* 8TH . 

pe^opMu 6hjth yHHiTOxeHH, KaKT> toibro BTopaa pecnyoiHKa npe- 
EpaTHJia cBoe cyn^ecTBOBaHie, a ycTaHOBoioji pesHMi Haaojieoaa III. 
IlpH TpeTbett pecnyfijiHErh BonpocB o nporpeccaBHo-noAOxoAHOMi 
Hajiorfe B036yjK r a;ajica HeoAHOEpaTHO. ^yTb-Jia ho npa Ka»A0Mi> Baece- 
Hin bt> najaTy npoeETa 6ioA«eTa AenyTam JiiBoS BbiCTyuaJH ci> npeA- 
josemeMB hohoahhtb Ae^ax^arb nporpeccHBHUM'b oOjoseHieMi aoxo- 
A0bt>. Ho BCHEift pasi> onnopnoaacTM, cocTaB^aK)iu,ie fiojuuiuHCTBO it 



*) K0CB6HHH6 HaiOrH 8aBHliaJUI BHAH06 V^CTO H npH COCJIOBHOMt pesEM^ 

pasHHi^a tojbko bt> hxi, opraHHsai^iH: npes^e oGjiaraaoct Bee 6eai> paa^opa, 
npHqem, CHJibHO ctbchajihcl ToproBna h npoMunuieHHOcTB; Tenept ROCBeHHoe 
t o6ji02EeHie cnei^iajmsHpoBaaocB, nopasaa npeAMeTu Maccoeoto noTpefotHta, t. o. 
naAftfl raaBHoft cBoeft Taaecn>H) aa paCoqie saaccu. 

**) Bo OpaauiH 6*baho6 ceMeftcrao ynjiavHBaeTB vb bh^«b HaioroBi ao 20% 
CBoero 8apa6oTKa, Tor^a Basi Ha cpe^Hioio 4>paHD,y8CRyio combio BOoCnje npH- 
xoahtcb h« 6ojiBme 14%. (Cavaignac, Pour l'impot progressif, 1895, 74—75). 



PA3BHT1E OCHOBH. EAXkJTh IlOfl. OBJOS. BT> 3AH. EBPOM. 145 

Dajart, eAHHOAymHO noflHHMajracB npoTHBB Bcasoft nonuTKH pe<J>opMB, 
H fffelO KOH^aJOCb TtMB, 1TO aetfraitHTB nospHBaica noBHrneaieiTB 
kocb6hbkx% HaaoroB'B. Eme Ha HanmxB roasaxi npoHCXoAMa 6opB<5a 

H62BAT paAHSaJIBHUlTL M&HHCTepCTBOlTB Bjpsya H 3aKOHO^aTeJLHUMH 

co6paHiaMH, — 6opb6a, oKOBraHBmaaca rfcMib, hto Bypsya aoaseHB 6hutb 
ycTynHTb OBoe m4cto KpaftHeuy npoTeKiporacTy h apoicy saniaTBHKy 
HHTepecoFB 6ypsya3ia — Mejuray. XapaKTepHo h to, ito hpotkbhhkh 
pe^opvB He pimaroTca otkphto BHCTynnTB npoTHBB caiiaro npHHijHiia 
nporpecoHBHOCTH h jh6o HanpaBaarorB cboh OTpiura Ha BTopocTeneH- 

HH6 HOAOCTaTKH npOeETOBX *), JH6o BLICTaBflflBOTL Ha Bfl^B HKO-6H 

coi^iajiBHyio onacHocTB, Kporomyioca bb nofloxoflaoirB Haxorl. «Hama 
$HHaHC0BaH cHCTOMa, nncajTL, HanpHirip*B, JEeoffB Ca **),— CTpaflaerB 
Cojibhihiih HeooBepmeHCTBauH, ho 6uao 6h oiohb onacHO npHGTymiTB 
k*b p^AHEaiBHOMy ea npeoGpasoBami) bt> yrojjy Taraxi koktphhb, 
ocymecTBjeHie KOTopuxt hoboio 6h kt> rattera. Hamero oreiecTBa*. 
Toae noBTopaerb a Jlepya-EojiBe ***) h MHoroe icaosecTBO ^pyrex* 
HAOOJioroB'B 6yp»ya3ia. Ohh saOuBarorB, oflHaKo, to> BBe#eHie npo- 
rpeccHBHO-nofloxo#aoft ohctomh HaaoroBB bb IIpycoiH ho hobojio ho 

TOIBKO K*B rH6eJIH OTB^eCTBa, HO H KB KaKHlTB 6u TO HH 6UIO' CMy- 

Taiii. 



III. 

Bt> AHrjriH HOTopia HaioroBi bx cymecTBeHHHxi qepTaxx cxo^Ha 
cb Hcropied $paHiiy3CKHXB HaioroBB; pa3HHn;a bb tojtb, tto nepe- 
xo#b otb o^HOfi CTa^in pa3BHria kb ^pyroft, coBepmaBnriftca bo 3>paH- 
i^h nyTeifb HacHjiBCTBeHHHX'B nepeBopoTOBB, s^icB nponoxopurB no- 
CTeneHHO, 6e3*B oco6eHHuxi> BHyTpeHHHX'B noTpacemi. Bb to Bpeiia, 
Kara bo $paHn;iH bb Te^eaie nepBaro nepio.ua po#OBaa apacroKpaTia 
rocnoACTBOBajia Bceijfcjio h reHepaiBHHe nrraTH, — 6ahhctb6hho6 yipes- 
A6me, bt> kotopoitb tpotbo cocaoBie Mono saaBHTB cboh sajio6u 9 — 
cosuBaiHOB H3pi}AKa, bi» AhtjiIh yse co 2-oft hojiobhhu XIII OTOJrima 
ropofla noayiara npe^CTaBHTeiBCTBo bb napAaMeari. Ilpasffa, hoju- 
THqecKaa BaacTB no-npesHeny oocpeflOTOOTBaaacB bt> pyitaxB apaoro- 
Kparia, a HflSHefi IlajiaTt npeAocraBiajrocB tojibeo npacoeAHHaTB- 
ca ki nociaHOBJieHiaMt BepxHefi, ho Bee se, sad^&fl HenpepiiBHo, 

OHa HM^Jia H^KOTOpyK) BO3MOSHO0TB OTOTaHBaTB CBOH HHTOpeCBI BB 

rtxT> cjiyqaaxi), Kor^a BHcnrie KJiaccu cjehikomb hbho bh> Hapymaia. 
He cHOTpa Ha cboo npeofaaAanie, po^oBOfi apHCTOKpaiiH BQieft-HOBO- 



t 



*) TaBt nocTynHJTB, HanpHM^pi, ^oEia^KEfL toDjt&eTHoft kommhccIh ^e- 
jxoMCpi,. Cm. Temps otb 13 MapTa 1896 r., sup pi. 

**) Solutions d^mocratiquefl des impots. n, 273. Cm. Tasse ero HOByio 
KHHSxy <Contre le BOci&lisme>. 

***) Cm. ero Traitf de la science des finances, 1892, I, 140, 148, 159 h «>., 
Taxase pflA^ craTeft, HaneqaTaHHHxi, Bt sypHasaz-B sa 1896 ro^*B a HanpaBien- 
muTb npoTHBx npoeKTa JIjub. 

M 7. Oiffijs »• 2Q 



146 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

jeft npHXOAUOOB ma^HTB HHTepecH 6ypsya3iH h bx oco6eHHO spnTH- 
qecsifl &m rooy^apcTBa mhhjth nooTynaTtca bi» HiROToppft cieneHH 

(5BOHMH C06CTB6HHHMH HHTepecaMH. BOTB H 0^6 My apHOTOKpaTEPieCKift 

xapaRiep* nepBaro nepio^a bi pa3BnriH aHrjdftcKJixi HajoroBt bli- 
CTynaerB He TaRt pe*Be$Ho, KaKi> bo $paHqui. Toiho Tasse bo bto- 
poM'B nepioai 6yp»ya3Haa OEpacRa noAaTHoft cHcreiai CMgrqaeica 

KpaCRaMH, HaiOSeHHHMH HOBiftfflHMH COIjiajBHUMH ABHSeHifllCE. Hcto- 

pia Ahum Boofime oTraiaefpca paBHontpHOCTBD pasBHTifl h othoch- 

TeJCbHUlTB OTCyTOTBieiTB CJMBHHX'B BHyTpOHHEXl HOTpHCeHift; BJieiieHTH 

craparo nopaflRa ecTecTBeraNirB xoaoot> Bemefi saMiHajacB s^toB ho- 
bhmh BJieMeHTaMH, nojyqaBmHMH roonoACTBynn^ee 3Ha*eme bi chjij 
HopManHaro pa3BHiia. 9totb o6mifl xapaRTepi aHwrificRoft BCTop v iH 
HaioauurB cbod nesaTB h Ha pasBHTie HaaoroBt. Tim* ho Mefffce, 

OTJUTCHTeaBHUH TOpTH KUK^arO £371 8TE» HOpiOAOBl MOryTB 6UTB H 
8fl4CB EOHCTaTHpOBaHU Cb fl0CTaT0*IH08 OHpefliieHHOCTBH). 

IIpHBEJierHpoBaHHoe noaoaceme flBopaHCTBa ^oboibho peiBe$ao 
BHCTynaerb yse bi BeaHROfl XapTin 1215 ro^a, bt> cuy KOTopoft 
'ABopaHe o6jiara£)TCH tojbro ct> hxi corjacte, Tor.ua RaRi» o6jiomeme 
ApyrHXi cociOBifl croraeTca oGflsaTeABHuirB. flft Ha?a*a XVII Bina 
bt> AHrjiH ho 6buo npaBMBHoft chct6mu HajoroBi>, h noTOHy e#Ba jth 

H0S6TB 6iITB pfrlB RaR0ft-JIH60 6^6 ft TeHfleHltfH. OflHaRO, H6C0- 

mb£hho o#ho: wo — ocofioe npncTpacTBe ri norojroBHOft no^ara, o6aa- 
ra»m,efi o#HHaROBO bc4 6031 pa8MHia coctqhhIh, h cojBHoe pa3BHTie 
EocBeHHHXi> HaioroB'B, o6HBMaromHXT> Bet 6031 BCKJiioqefta npeAMera: 
norpeSjieHifl. HoroiioBHaa no^aTB He 6mia yHHTroseHa, a #ase yse- 
joraeHa, ho oMOTpa Ha BHSBaHHUH ex) BOJHeHia RpecTLAHL (Jack Straw 
h Wat Tyler). ^Ito RacaeTca RocBeMux* HajLoroBt, to hxb pacnpo- 
cTpaHeme 6wlo aoBeaeHO flo Heo6fciqafiHLix r b pa3MtpovK cTpynHO fl 
€Ra3aiB, Ha ito enje mokho <5h 6ujlo pacnpocrpaHHTB aKD,H3i», — bc4 
BasHtfimiH noTpeGHOOTH hmt> oxBaTHBaaacL: bt> ±p$ — mhoo h cojib, 
bi» naaTB* — bc4 MaTepin, b-l aainmi — ^epeBo h sejfoo; oTonieHie 
noABepraxocB ocofioxy o6jioseHiD qepe3T> Haion Ha yrojo»> *). Hy^o- 
BHm,Hoe B3Aoposanie npo^yRTOBi, nponcxoAHBmee BOJiiACTBie bmco- 

KHXl aRip^OBl H R0CB6HHIJXI HaJOrOB'B B006me, B£I3UBai0 HaCTHfl 

BojiHeHia, gjfl no^aBJieHia rotophxi npaBHTe^BCTBo He HaxoAiuo hh- 
^ero jyqine BoeHHOfl ohjih. SSj8ljlo6u h npoiecTU pa3AaBajiHCB 00 Bcixi 
GTOpoHi, HaxoAH otrjihrx h bt> iHTepaTypi. Bt» myTiHBOirB naK- 
$Jeri, noaBHBmeMca vb 1649 ro#y uo^b sariaBieirB <IIpoTecrb seH- 
numi npoTEBX aRi(H30B'B», roBopHTca: <,H,o6pLie jtoah! BMCjymafiTe 
Hama bohjih h csaju/recB HaAt HecqacTHLiMH, GbxRuxa aeHmaHaMH. 
Mu He MoaceMTb npnroTOBBTB cyni», <ito6li ho HaTKHyTtca Ha aKH,H3T> 
bt> $opMt Hajora Ha cojib, hh H3roTOBHTB nnposROBi, He HaTRHyBmncB 
Ha to se. noseiaeMViH BucrapaTB Hamn py6amRH — MHBCTpiqaeiTB 
aKD > H3 r L b*b BH^t Haiora Ha hiuo... Bee o6jioaeHO HanoraMa: ooib, 



*) K SLnoicyjto. Ohhtb HBes^AOBaHifl aHrsiflcRHXi BOCBeHHHxi saxoroB% } 15. 



PA3BHTIE OCHOBfl. HA1AJFB ILO& OBJIOS. BT> 3AII. EBPOM. 147 

hhbo, Matbe, nepHHH h Aase ffferoRiH neieHKn!> *). Bt btom-l bco- 

/ -GT0p0HH6M , B paSBHTiH ROOBOHHEnTB HaJIOrOBl CRa3HBaeTCH OC066HH0CTB 

oTHomeHifi RjaccoB-B b*b Tor^amHeS Amain. JKeaaa BSBaiHTB 6peifa 
BA&oroKb Ha HenpHBHaerupoBaHHHfl cocjOBia, ho BCTpiraaa npoTecra 
co cropoHU HajiaTH OfimeFB npH bgakoS nonurKt upaaioro ofijoase- 
hIh 6ypsya3iH, rocno^cTByromift KiaecB npntiftrHyjrB ex tomj hmohho 
bhay naaora, KOTopni cofaaAaeTB b-b BHcmeft deneHH cnoco6HooTBH> 

HpOH3BOAHTL HJOT)3iK» **). K0CB6HHHe HJUOFH BCerfla CjySMH cpeA- 

ctboitb, kt» KOTopoMj npHfiirara rocnoACTByrontie RjaccH, sexafl 3a- 
cTaBHTL ApyrHTB HeoTH Ha ce6i Bee Gpeua noAaieft He3aM*THMin> am 
hix*b o6pa3om». B4r*b apHCTORpaiiH bt> btojtb oTHomemH rbMi» anniB 
oTJH^aeTOfl otb BiKa 6ypsya3in, too m nepBoin» cjy^at He npeHe- 

- <5peraron» h HaaoraiiH, crfccHaDmniiH nponsBOACTBO h ofiiiiHi TOBa- 
poBi,, Tor^a KaRi bo BToporB oncTOHa R00B6HHEIXI HajroroB* ' noiy- 
qaerL Tasoe ycipoficTBO, npn rotopomt* njaAflTca HHTepecii ToproBaro 
h npovuniJ[6HHaro Kjacca h ofaaramca HCKjno^HTejiBHo npe^Mera 
noTpeCJiemji napoAHott Maccii. Botb noqeny aHriificEie KOOBeHHiie 
Hasorn AO-6ypsya3Hofl bhoxh aBJuraoTca, riaBHion> o6pa3oiTB, fb bha* 
aKip[30B'B, chjibho crtcHHi>mHx , B ToproBJ© h npoMHmjeHHocTB. Bora 
noieiiy aHwdficRaa 6ypsya3ia, ihhib tojebro AOdHraa H&ROToparo no- 
jHTHqecKaro BHaqeHia, Haqaeaen> cMBHyi) arnraijiiD npotHB* koobgh- 
hhxt> HaioroBt h, OAepsaFB notify, He yHirarosaeTB h*b coBciirB, 

' a iHinb npeo6pa30BUBaerB 9 orpaHMHB'B o6joaceflie npeAMeiaxH, yno- 
TpefaaeiiHiiH hhsiehmh RiaccaMH. 

GBoero anorea KOGBOHHiie Hajora aootrtoh bt» ijapoTBOBanie nep- 
bhxt> flByxi, MOHapxoBt raHHOBepcsaro Aoira, — napciBOBaHie, koto* 
poe no cnpaBeA^BOcTH ciHTaeTca caMHHi ipiTymHirB BpeMeHeirB 
BJiaAHqecTBa aHNiiflcRott apncTORpaTiH ***). MnHHcrp* Teopra I h II, 
PoCeprt BajLnoJB, saAaica mhcjtbd yHnvrosHTB nosevejiBHUft fla- 
vor*, naAaBmifi Ha apncTOKpaiiK), n saH^HHTB ero ofaoseHieM'B npo- 

HBBOACTBa. MHHHCTp'B Bl CB06& HAO^ CKOHI^eHTpHpOBaJTB JIHIHB 3aBiT- 
HUH MC^TH H nOCTOHHHUH CTpOMJieHifl aHTJdHCROft apHCTOKpaTJH. Ho 

8to 6ujo cjramKOM*L oTKpoBOHHoe noKymeHie Ha EaptfaHU 6ypsyasiH, — 
noRymeme, OTHHMaBmee y KOOBeHHErrB najioroBi hxt> ^yAOA^ficTBeH- 
Hyio cnoco6HO0TB hpoh3boahtb HJDno3i». Ero Mam»— oahhitb no^ep- 
kom-b nepa ocboCoahtb apacTOKpaTi© otb npaMHXi HajoroB'B — He 
yAaAca; ho «bto ho noirfemajio nocTeneHHO, HeqyBCTBHTejbHHin> %]& 
HJiaTeJ[Bin;HKOBi» o6pa30M^ bbocth noAo6Hyio se cncTeMy, npn ROTopofi 
npfliioe oCjioxeHie aoboaoho ao minimam'a, a ofijroseme npeAMeTOBt 
noTpefaeHiH— ao maximum'a. IIpaBAa, b-b CHJiy BoeHHHX'B noipefiHO- 
creft h apHCTORpaTiH npHnurocB ce6a HtcROJtBRO o6joshtb noopeACTBOM* 
nazora Ha npeAHeTH pooRomn; ho ?to bto 8Ha?HJ0 bt> cpaBHemH ct 



*) Ibid., 25—26. 
**) Clamagtran, I, npe«. XIV. 
-***) JIuHepuM % HapoAQOVb npeACTaBirreJiBCTBi, 258—9. 

10* 



148 PyCCBOB BOrATCTBO. 

Hajoroin, Ha npewreTHC noTpefaeHia, fffcficTBOBaBiiiHM'B Kasi xyflmaa 
norojoBHaa noflait? BciiKoe ynoipefaeme, BcsEoe gBH&eHie Hiiyme- , 
CTBa 6hjto ofiioseHO, h HSofiptoaTejraocTB rocyflapoTBeHHHX*B JUDjeft 
Hanua npe^bn toibro bt> h6b03Moshocth otrphtb hobho npeflMeni 
o6ioaeHia» *). 

Hto KacaeTGfl npajfuxt HaaoroFB, to ohh, no Mipi ycMenia no- 
rymecTBa apHCTORpariH, nocTeneHHO Tepajra cBoe BHaqeme m> aHwrift- 
croicb fijoflserli h k*b ROHijy XVIII Btaa flonura j;o minimum'a. Han- 
(tojrte HOHaBHCTeHi 6hjtb #ih rocnoflotByiDmeft apncTORpaTiH nose* 
MeflBHHft Hajiorb, bb6A6hhei& b*b 1697 rofly. H botl, Bci ea ycmrifl 
EanpaBJUOOToa si TOMy f too6h oobo6oaetbch otl btoS tatocth, xota 
noseKeJSBHHfi Haion 6lijtl (fojrte qtm yMipeHHufl. He roBopa yse 

O TOMT>, TTO MHOrffl 3eMJ[H 6HXH OTOHB HH3KO OI$HeHH**), — HaXOrb i 

He noBumajicfl, xoth noaeifeiBHaa peHTa yBOMmuiacB cb 8 mhj. $. 

CT. B* KOHUt XVII BiKa flO 25 MHI. fit KOHltf XVIII. OAHaRO, BTx 

MHHHCTepcTBO BaanwioJiH, BToro flparo no6opHHsa HHTepecoBt apncro- 
KpaTiH, noseHexBHUfi Hajiorb 6kutb dHa^HTeJiBHO noHHseHi. Eme 
Aajo»me bt> btoitb HanpaBjemH nomejrb Bm. Hhttl, ycTaHOBHBmift 
bb 1798 r. BUKym> no3enej[BHaro naiora Ha o^ohb JiBroTHHX'B ycio- 

BiflTB. 

BecBKa xapaETepHO 6mjeo noBe^eme apHCTOKpaTiH, sor^a IIhttb 

BHOCB FB napiaKeHTB CBOft APyrOft 8aR0H0npO6KTB: cmbho Hja^aacB • 

bt» AeHBrarB flia Be^ema ^paaijyscRHX'B boHhi, ofb npe^osHjrb • 
napiaHeHry npnCaBKy kt> cymecraoBaBmHirB HaaorairB Ha pocRomB, — > 
npn6aBKy, yBeJuraHBaBmyioca bb B03pocTaH>meft nporpeccin no M4pi 
pocra Aoxo^a. «Ho h btotb b*b Biicmeft CTeneHH yiitpeHHKd* marL 
BcrpiTHJTB Tasoe CHJbHoe npoTHBOAificTBie, tto tojtlko ipe8BHrca&Ho 
RpHTH^ecRiH oCcTOflTejtcTBa Mown cjoifHTB ero» ***). D^taaa 6ypa 

nOAHHiaOB npOTHBt MHHHOTpa, KOTOpHft ♦HOBHM'B Heo6HTOHMl>, ITO- 

TynpofB, My^HTeJOHUirB HajioroMt B036y^HjrB Hey#OBOj[BGTBie Boero 
Hapoxa> (TaKi BiipaacaiacB Toraamflra aHrjificKaa ne^aTB). Bi nap- 
raifeHTfc aacTpijBmBKaMH npoTHBHHKOBt Haiora hbhihgb $oecb h 
niepHAamb, Han^AaBnrie Ha saROHonpoeRTi, «nocaraBmit Ha co6ctb6h- 
hoctb h yciaHaBJEBaBniifi AecnoxHSirB h npoH3BOJB^B». B*b OA^Aynn^eirB 
roxy HajiorB 6hjlt> npeo6pa30BaHi»: bm4cto Ha,n6aBOEX, npano BBe^eFL 
nporpeccHBHO-noAOxo^HHft Haaort (property and income tax), koto- 
piift B3HMajica bt> pa3Mipt otb V 6 AO 10% (tl o6i>aBJieHHaro no co- 
BicTH AOxo#a. 9totl HajorB naAan OAHHaROBO Ha noseMejLHoe HMy- 

Hl,eCTBO H ABHXHMH6 RaHHTaJUI. A2fl AHrJQH npOAOTaBJIfleTOfl BT> BHC- 

mefi CTeneHH xapaRTepHuirB to, ^to nepBuft KpynHiifi npfluoft Ha- 
iorb ho saEiffi^ai'B bi> ce6i HSiaiifi ,pja apnoTORpaiiH: 6yp«yadia 



*) Vocke, Geschichte der Steuern des BritiBchen Reichs, 54. Cm. twwks 
Dotoell, History of Taxation in England. 1885. 

**) 06% »tomt> cBHA^TeJiBCTByeTB CuHKMpb vb cBOOft History of Public Re- 
venue of the British Empire. 

***) Took e,Geachichte etc., 51. 



PA3BHTIE OCHOBfl. EAXAJTb nOfl. OBJIOS. 1> B3AH. EBPOffB. 149 

tfnia y«e flooTaTorao oMBHa, mro6& He aonyoTHTB hbhhx'b npenMy- 
mecTBi> fljui rocnoAOTBjnn^aro Macca. Ho, c*b apyroii cTopoHH, apacTO- 
spaxifl 6ujia cjhiukom'l MorymecrBema, ito6u ho B03HarpaflHTB ce6a 
ttb APyroMt irtcrt 3a 8to nocaraTeaBCTBO Ha ea sapMaH&i. H flift- 
tsTBHTejiBHo, HhttT), CMKE^afl fiojBinoro Aoxojia orb oSaoaeHifl 6oraToft 
6ypsya3iH, pacnpocTpaHiurB HaxorB h Ha apHCTOEpaTiio, ho sa to 
npeo6pa30Bajn> noseMejBHiifi Haion>, cboah ero kb Hyjiio. 3aAiBaa hh- 

TOpeOU 060HX1» KJiaCOOBfc, HOJIB30BaBmHXCH aOJIHTHqeCKHMT* BJliflHieH'B, 

HaiorL Harra He non> cymecTBOBaTB floaro. Jlmnt tojlbko okohto- 
ihcb HanojieoHOBCsiH bo£hh, bo Bceft CTpairft noflHMacB CMLHaa ara- 
Tan^ia npoTHBi, noaoxoflnaro Haaora. «Bo rjaB* arHTaipn 6blio jioh- 
flOHCKoe KyneiecTBO, KOTOpoe Ha cofipaHiH fb aeKa6pi 1814 rofla co- 
OTaBHjio neraijuD, Tpe6oBaBmy© otm4hh Haaora; aTOny npniripy.no- 
eriflOBara Apyrie ropo^a h bt> (JwBpaii 1815 ro.ua npeflCTaBHin nap- 
^aMOHTy neTHD,iio, noKpuTyro 6e3iHCJieHHHMT> MHOsecTBOMX noflnnceft. 
BcjiACTBie dToro, yae b-l Hawaii 1815 r. mhhhot6potbo Hirkjio ra- 
Mipeflie otm4hhtb HaaorB, ho BOBspameHie HanoaeoHa ct> 9jll6bi no- 
TpeCoBaao hobeki AeHe»HHx r B cpe^cTBi, h Hairfepeme 61120 ocTaBaero. 
3a to, KorAa na ca*Ay*>ntftt rojVB hhhhct6pctbo npeffoseao y^epsaib 
noAoxoAHiift HaaorB Bt 6B)fl»eT4, xoth-6h b*b noaoBHHHOBTB pasiripi, 
nooaiflOBaaa Tanas 6ypa onosmjiH, fb napaaMeHTB nocTynnaa Taitaa 
Macca nernnifl h a^pecoBi, bt> o6njecTB4 uuia Tanaa arHTan^a npo- 
THBi 9Toro Haiora, ito npnnuocB otm£hhtb HeHaBHCTHyD $opMy 06- 
aoseHia. ^to6h noxopoHHTB caMyio nanaTB o6*b btomt. Haaort h no 
bobmoshocth bt> CyaymeMi daTpy^HHTB ero B03o6H0Bjeme, napaa- 
M6HTL, no npej^oaemro JiopAa Bpyaia, nocTaHOBHJn» yHH^TOSHTB no- 
cpeACTBOM'B cosaceBiH Boi AORyMeHTH, HjfbBmie oTHomeHie kt> H6My> *). 
,3,0 cpeAHHH XVIII cToa. Beinso6pHTaHifl He oiohb bhcoro croaaa 
B'B npoMunueHHOifB OTHomeHin. Ho BeaHKia OTKpbiTia h H3o6piTeHJn 
<5ucTpo HSHiHHiH noJOseHie Kbin>: iipaAHJiBHaa MamHHa XaprpBBca h 
napoBaa Yarra abjih HoryqiS tomem* npoMwrajieflHOCTH. BoraTCTBa 
typxyasin 01 bthxi nopi pocTyrB <tb HeBipoflTHoft 6ucTpoToft, a no 
Mipfe yBOJiHqeHJH ea BKOHOMnqecKaro MorymecTBa B03pacTaen» h cTpeM- 
jeHie Kt noiHTaqeoKOMy rocnoACTBy. Ho ciapaa CHCTena BtifopoB'B 
Aepacaja hboio 6ypsya3HHxi npoACTaBHTOJieft bt> napjiaifeHrt ho 
Ha Toft Bucort, KOTopaa cooTBiTCTBOBaja $aKTHqecKOMy 3Ha?eHiD 
6ypsya3iH. Tasie ropo^a, KaKi MaH^ecTepi h BnpiiHHrairB, SticTpo 
Biipocmie h3*b Ma^eHBRHXi MicTe^eKi b*b KpynHLie npoiuiniiteHHue 
qeHTpu, BOBce He. hit&ih npeACTaBHTeJieft b*b napjaMeffrt, Tor^a KaEi 
mnrosHue ropo#KH, npnHaAieasaBniie KpyoHBiirB semieBiaA^iBi^aini, 
nocBuaiH no H&csoiBKy A^nyiaTOBT, **). Otb Tasoro nopfl^Ka bm6o- 
I>obt> cTpa^aji rxaBHHM'B o6pa30Mi» npommueHHiift uaccB, h botb 



*) H. Snowy** Ochobhhh Haqaaa $HHaHCOBOft HayKH, 373. 
**) TaKT> Hanp., rep nor ^ Hop^ojilb'b pacnoaarajrb 11 roaoc&MH Bt naaari, 
aopA^ JIaflCAeftjiL 9, ^apjiHHrTOHt 7 h t. n, 



■1 



150 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

ci, Haiasa XIX Bixa BOBHExaera araTania bt> noiBay n3ir&HeHia h&- 
6HpaT6Ja>HUX'B saxoHOBi. Bhxxb 1832 rofla, C08flaBinift 40 — 50 ho- 
buji> H36HpaTeiBHHXi> efframifc h raniHBinift npeasHHX'B npaBi Mi- 
CT6TKH cb HacexemeirB ho Bume 2000 urexet, BHaueHyerB oo6oi> 
no64fly 6ypacyasifl. Ob bthxi> nopi, piniHTex&Hoe npeotijiaxame apn- 
cTOKpaTiH na^aerL, h ea m4cto saHHuaerB npouianieHmift xxaocb, 
BiaoTB KOToparo 6e30CTaHOBorao pocTen>. 

Kaxi toibxo 6ypsya8ia flooraria Bxacra, tottocb se $HHaHco- 
Bas nojuiTHKa npraHiiaerB cooTBiTCTByiomee nanpaBieHie. OoHaxo, 
TaKB xax* no6t.ua flocTaxacB 6ypaxyasiH He nyiem paAHxaxBHaro 
nepeBopoTa, sasi bo $paHitfH, a mbphoS pe$opiioft, to He npo- 
H3omjio KpyTott nepeif^HH bt» cooTHomeHin o6mecTB6HHnx , B cart. 
IIo#o6ho Toiiy KaKi> paHBme, npn roono#CTBi apHcroxpaTin, 6ypaxya- 
aifl npeflCTaBxaxa csjry, cb xoTopofi npHxofliuocB craTaxbca, Tax* 
TenepB, npn npeo6xaaaHiH fiypsyaain, apacTOxpaiiH ooxpaHMa 8a 
co6ox> 8Ha?HTeiBHoe BxiaHie bi» napiaHeHrb. Rax* parane npn npo- 
B6A6HiH xaxoro-jra6o 613JU&, sa^BaBniaro HHTepecH 6ypsyasiH 9 
upHxo^BJiocB BMji.epsHBaTB ynopHyD 6opB6y vb hod, Tax* Tenep* 
npn npoBe^eHiH pe$opirB 6ypsyasifl BHHysfleHa 6uuia cTOraTBca 
cb conpoTEBJieHieicB apHcroxpariH. 8to xapaxTepHO #ia AnrxiH, r^fc 
cTapue 9JE6M6HTU aoxro ysHBamcH 60x1-0-60x1 cb hobhmh. 

y»e bi> Haqajrfe 40-xi, roflOB* $HHaHC0Baa noinraxa Ahtjqh 
npio6piTdera apxy» 6yp»ya3Hyx> oxpacxy. HcnoiHHTexeirB 3aBirc- 
hhx-l MeqiaHifl Toprosaro s npoMHmxeHHaro xxaocoB-B aBxaerca Po- 
6eprL Ilttib, stotb apuft Topn, noHHBmift crpeMxeHia anoxa h H3T» 
CTopoHHHxa apHGTOxpaTis craBniifi npoBojjHHROirB H^efi 6ypsyaaiH. 
Kor.ua IImb BCTynHxi bt> mhhhctbpctbo, $HHaacoBoe noxoBenie Ah- 
rxia 6iuo b*b Bticraeii CTeneHH sanyraHo: Ha rocynapcTBi xeawurB 
orpoMHufi floxra, bo Bet upe^H^ymie roflii 6das6T£i oxaHTOBaxacB 
Ae$Hu;HTauH, bt» 6ynymeirB npeflBH^xca #6$Hi{HrB bt, 2 ( /i hejue. 
Cio^a npncoe^HHHJiHCB h BHtmHia saTpy^HeHia: BofiHa 0* KHTaeifB, 
HeAopa3yHiHifl cb HH^ieS, HaTaHyTua OTHomeHia cb ^paBmjefi h 
AMepHKofi. ^eHerL Tpe6oBaiocB MHoro, a crapue $HHaHOOBLie HCToq- 
hhkh 6&UH coBepmeHHO HO^epnaHH. IIobuchtb KOCBOHHue HaiorH 
3Haqoo 6u aobocth cipaHy ^0 noraaro axoHOMH^ecxaro pascrpof - 
crBa. <Bi» o62086HiK npe^MeTOB-L noTpe6ieHia, cxasan IIhjb fl 
cbooh 3HaM6HHToft pi^a, mr ^obuih jjfl npe^oBX B03M0SHar0>. B*B 
caMOMi a^*> bt> npoMJbirajieHHOCTH h ToproBJit 6hjtb 3acrofl. AHTXifi- 
cxafl HHAycrpin, He cMOTpa Ha cBoe Buooxoe pa3BHTie, He Mona pac- 
nrapHTB BHtmHaro puHxa, nOTOMy hto sanpeTHTeABHaa TaMoseHHaa 
nojiHTBxa, npaBirrejBCTBeHHaa perjaMeHTai^ia, BTopraBmaaca bo BHy- 
TpeHHia OTHomeBia npoHSBO^CTBa, cnoco6ii B3HMama xocBeHHHXi> na- 
xoroBi., xpafiHe CTtcHaBiniS yjyqmeHia b yooBepnieHCTBOBaHia — bco 
bto TopMa3HJ[o pa3BHTie HHAycTpia, He ^aBajio efi ^ocTnrHyTB Taxoft 
BirooTU, npn KOTopoS OHa Morjia 6u nepeflxa sa upeAiJU BejHKo- 
6paTaHin. Ki> dTOMy npnooeAHHfljacB AoporoBH3Ha xjit6a, npoaoxo- 



PA3BET1E OCHOBH. HA^AJI'L HOfl. OBIOS. BT> 3AH. EBPOffll. 151 

AiiBniaa otb ycTanoBjeHHaro bt> noJB3y seMieBiaaiiB^ecRaro Kiacca 
3anpememfl BBoaa HHocrrpaHHaro xjr£6a, — ,n;oporoBH3Ha, noBHmaBmaa 
sapafiOTHys) nJnaTy h, cfffcaoBarejiBHo, BecBMa Heyao6Haa jua npeflnpuHH- 
Maieaeft. Bee bto 6buo npHiHHOio OMBHiflmeft arcrraijiH, noflHHBmeftca 
bi> noJBsy yHHTroaema oTkcEwresbwax'b fl*a HHflycTpin koob6hhhx > b 
HaJioroBt. rjaBHua dptiti 6yp»ya3in Cmra, o#HaKO, HanpaBiemi 

npOTHB'B Xfffe6HHX , B 3aKOHOBT>. BB6CTH CBOfiOflHHft BB03*B BHOCTpaHHarO 

xjt6a 3Hairao jhiehtb no36Mejn>HyK) apHCTORpariro npHBHierupo- 
BaHHaro nojuosema; bto 6iucb, CJrfeflOBaTeaBHO, He tojibko bkohomh- 
^ecsitt BonpocB, ho h nojHTHqeoKia, h hphtoitb BonpocB qpe3BH- 
qafiHoft BasHOCTH Am fiypsyasin, cTpeMHBmefica othhtb nocitflHroi) 
Toray onopu y no3eMej[BHoft apHcroRpaTin. 9ia TeHfleHuia hookho- 
KpaTHO BuorynaeTB b*b plraax* raaBapefl JlnrH npoTHBi. xji46hbix , b 
saKOHOBi, EpafiTa h RoS^eHa *). Ha oppowb mb mhthhtob'l Ko6fleiFB 
npnuo 3aaBHJi>, «rro Jlnra BHCTynaerb npOTHB'B npHBaaerift no3e- 
KeiLHOft apncTOKpaxiH, a *rro pa aa^a^H BHoafffc cooTBiTCTByroTB hh- 
TepecairL npoMHmaeHHocTH. Jlnra no*B30BajiacB rpoifa#HBnrB yeni- 
xom*b; en aypHaat « Anti-Bread-Tax Circular* pacxqflHJica bt> 15 rac. 
9K3eMnjiapoBi> bt> Micai^. nonyaapHocTB en floxoflHia ao xoro, tto 
Aarae < Times >, b*b HaiaJit scctoro HanaflaBmift na Hee, nepeMiHHUTB 
$Pohtb h 3aflBHjn>: «JIara octb BeJHKifi <j>aRTB>. «HoBaa cnaa, m- 
caaa BTa ra3eia b*b jjpyiwB k4ct4, BHpocrfa b* rocy^apoTB*; TenepB 
fffeBHqM h AaMH cTpeMHTca ho bt> TeaTp-B, a na MHTHHrB JlHra, RaKB 
6yATO TairB flaeica HOBaa HHRaaTHaa $paHn;y3CRaa nseca*. Bb nap- 
jaMeHrB BCTynaio Bee 6oaBme ctopohhhkob'b cBoSoflaoft ToproBra; 

Bl) JIOHflOHCROlTB CffTH WLQWb JLllVE Ha BBlSopaX'B HOfi'fc.KHJrB ROHCOp- 

BaTopa. ToproBHH najana ofipamaocB bt> napaaMeHTi c*b neTHniaMH, 
yKa3MBaBmHMH Ha cTicHffreiBHocTB xit6Hiixi» sasoHOBB flaa Top- 

TOBJH. 

IIpH TaKOlCB B036y8A6HiH npOTHBl nORpOBHTOJIBCTBeHHOft HOJTHTH- 

rh n KocBeHHuxt HaJioroB'B, Heqero 6lijo h j^yHaTB o6*b HcnpaBjeBdn 
rocyAapcTBeHHux'L (JmHaHcoB'L nocpeACTBOBfB noBMinema TaMoseHH£ixi» 
nonuiHHB h HajoroBi> Ha noTpe6ieme. IIhjil, Bipno noHaBiniS nojo- 
seHie Aim*, pimiurB b3htb Ha ce6a HcnoJiHeme nporpamiBi Sypscy- 
asiH. IIocTeneHHO peopraHH3yn KOCBeraoe o620seHie h bbo^a cbo6o- 
Ay ToproMH, oht> npiofip^TerB pacnojuoseHie npoHunuieHHaro Riacca, 
KOTopnfl 3a to noiioseTB eMy npoBecra Mipy, npeACTaBMromyi) e^HH- 
CTBeHHuft hcxoa^ hsi sanyTaHHaro nojioaceHia rocyAapcTBeHaLixx $h- 
HaHCOB'B. TaRTHRa Ilnjifl zp$cb HanoMHHaerB choco6b j&ivrBiA Haira: 
nociiAHiS, j^jls. npoBeAema noAOXOAHaro Hajora bi> aaoxy rocno^GTBa 
apHCTORpaTin, bhaImcb ce6a BHHyxAeHHHMi> RynHTB en coraacie Ha 
pe^opMy yMeHbmeBierB no30MejrBHaro Hajora; nepBUft^ jtfla. npoBe^e- 
Hia noAOXOAHaro Haiora Bt anoxy rocnoACTBa 6yp«ya3iH, AOJffieH-B 
6ujtb o^aTB efl ycTynny bt> bh^4 peopraHH3a^H ROCBeHHHX'B Ha- 



) Ohh 6hjih z2onHaTo6yiiasHBie $a6pHKaHTH. 



152 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

aoroBB h ocjia6jieHifl npoTOKitfOHHSMa. IIporpaMMa Hmh saiwroqajiacB 
bo BBeAemH oporpeccHBHO-noAOxoAHaro naaora, noraseHiH nonum 
Ha 750 npeAMeTOB'L, bt> tout* ^acji Ha xjrfcfo, h yHH^roaceHin bh- 

B03HHXB nOHIJIHH'B. B*B CBOOfl nepBOfi 3HaH6HHT0£ piM JJhjtb bh- 

cEaaajicH b*b toitb CMticji, mo raaBHaa aajjaqa ero b*b tomb h co- 

CTOHTL, mo6u H0HH3HTB EMOTE Ha HOTpefijeHie, H 9T0 OflHO ^aCTB, 

no ero MHiHii), TaKoe yBexa^eHie rocyAapcrBeHHHX'B aoxoaobb, hto 
A6$hhhth 6yAJTB ycTpafleHK. Ho lasx sara pesyjiBTam pe^opvu CKa- 
xyTCfl juuhb no HCTeqeHiH HiKOToparo BpeMeHH, to hoo6xoahmo, ei au- 
dit epeMCHuou Mn>pu, bbocth o6mee o6joseHie aoxoaobb. Taicyro-TO 
8aMacEHpoBaHHyK) $opicy c^eai IIbjib Heo6xoAHVuMi» npn^aTB CBoeMy 
8aKOHonpoesxy, sa^BaBmeMy oAHOBpeiieHHO HHTepecu apHCTOKparia 
h 6ypsyasiH. 

Ho h bb noACiameBHOM'L bha4 bhjuojui 9Ta 6um BcrptieHa 6y- 
pefi HeroAOBaHifl. npranHniaiiBHoe oficyameHie aanoHonpoesTa npoAOi- 
saiocB n.ijuiX'B 8 3ac*AMifi. Dpn TOfl APJ*Hoi onnosHijiH, cb ko- 
topoh Clijtl BOTpiqeH'L 8a£OHonpoeKTB Hum, TpyAHo csa3aTB, KaKOft 
hcxoab BMija 6k dTa 6opt6a MMHcrepcTBa cb napjiaifeHTOirB, ocjh- 
6u Tyn» He BHCTynHiH Ha ci^eny qapTHcra. 2 vaa 1842 roAa Hhx- 
neft IlaJiarb 6tua nepeAana, npn xopxecTBeHHofl npon,eccin, 6*aro- 
npiflTHas HHHHOTepcTBy nenmia, noKpmaa 2*1, mm. noAnnceft. Ha- 
poAflafl vaHH^ecTaiqH, noATOTOBieraaa qapTHCxaxH, ona3aia chibhoo 
AaBJieHie Ha napjaMOHTB, h, CKptna cepAije, ohb nprnunrB sanoHO- 
npoesTB Ueie bi> bha& BpeiteHHpft irbpa. 

HapTHOTcsoe ABHsenie 3HaMeHyerB co6o» BticTynjeme pafionaro 
sjnacca Ha apeuy ncjiBTH^ecKofl jkhbhh. Bi> AHniH, Kara h bo $paH- 
ilin, pafio^ift luaccB bb Haiajii men pysa ofo pysy cb 6ypsya3ieft. 
Tojibko faaroAapa ero coa^ctbud, 6ypxyasiH yAaiocB AocTHrnyTB Bia- 
cth. cKorAa b*b naiajrfi ijapcTBOBania BHjBreJBMa in hoahhjiocb Tpe6o- 
Banie napjumeHTCKoi pe$opMH, to bc* oaccu, Hcorciaa Toro, ko- 
Topufi n(UB30BaJicH MOHonoiieft nojiHTH^ecsofi BjacTH, cooahhhmcb ai* 
arnraitfH cb eAHHOAynrieifB h 8HTy3ia3M0Mi>, piAKO BBAaHHHirB. Hhkto 
ho ooMHiBaeTca, mo pobhoctb, cb KOTopon pa6oqie bo Bcefi crpaHt 
npHVKHyjiH k-l ABHseHii), MHoro cnocoticTBOBaia HapoAHoft no6iA*. 
Ohh BipHJia bt> o6imaHia, EOTopua cpe^flie luaccu n^eApo pasAaBa- 
ih, ^to, KorAa ohh can h ao6bbtch npaBB, to ynoipe6arL cbo» BiaciB 

AIH TOK), qT06H A^TB B% Hefi y^aCTBO H UpO^HH'B C00T6qeCTB6HHH- 

sairB. OAHaKo-ase, cKopo pafio^ie yBHAain, hto rfe, nojiy^HBt hojihth- 
qecKifl npaBa, He o^eHB 8a6oTHTca ofa> HcnojiHesdH o6in^aHifl. Pa6o- 

qie OHJIBHO OSeCTO^HXHCB npOTHB'B CpeAHHXl EJiaCCOBB, KaKB JQOAB* 

soTopue bha'&ih ce6a ho tojbko o6MaHyTUMH, ho pflxe o^ypaqeH- 
hhmh» *). HapHAy ci Tpe6oBaHieirB Bceofin^aro H36apaTeju>Haro npa- 
Ba, napTHCTH BLjciaBHiH h coi^iajiBHyK) nporpamiy, KaKi> orpaHH^eHie 



*) Henry Richard* The Memoirs of Joseph Sturge, 293. Cp. Suoicyj*. 

OnHTB H3CJTlA0B«HiH KOCBeflBHXT) HajioroBi, 134. 



FA3BHTI6 OGHOBH. HA^JTB HOA- OBJOS BT> 3AHAA. BBP0M. 153 

seHCEaro h A*rcKaro TpyAa, yveHbmeHle pafioiaro ww h up. *). Ta- 
shm'b o6pa3om, BosHHsmee patfonee ABHaceme naaoauuo cbojd newrb 
Ha $HHaHcoByio hojihtikj AhmIh. He ycirtaa fiypsyaaui yKpinHTBca 

BT> OBOefi BJiaCTH, XaK*B yXB BHCTyDHJTB HOBHft BJieiieHTb, CT> SOTO- 
pMMT» IipHXOAHTCa CHJQ>HO CTCTaTBCJt. BOTB HOieMy 9rOH8MT» OpOAHJirO 

macca ho Mors npoaBHTBca bo Bceft oBoeft iHcrorfc, h coBpeMeHHas 
cHCTeHa anrjiiftcEHXX HaaoroB* HMien> cuimaHHHfi xapaKrepi. 3a*cb 
onaTB-TaKH CKa3HBa»Tca oco66hhogth pasBHTifl aHnificKaro HapoAa. 
Ilpn BceMt toitb, oAHaKO, noAaraoe 6peufl bt> Ahtjdh bi 3Ha«- 
TejBHiftmeft OTeneHH na^aerB na HapoAHyro Maccy. CpaBHHBaa 6»a- 
seiH 1801, 1846, 1848 h 1866 rr., mm bhahitb, hto Haioni Ha 
noTpe6jieHie, nopaacattiuie oco6eHHO pafoqift KjaccB, yBejuarcrancB 60- 
ite irfun* baboo, TOiyia saKB Kaxeropia HaaoroBi (npairae), n^an- 
mpxb npeHMymecTBeHHo na fiorarae maccu, ooTaiacB 6eai> nepe- 
m*hh. Bt> KaKoft irfipi KOCBeHHHe Haaorn naxanrB Ha pa6o?yi> 
Maccy bhaho H3-B Toro, wo (tb qaa, caxapa e BrtutoTopmB apyrerx-B 
npe.nMeTOBT, Bucnrifi waccB njraTHTB b*l bha* Hajiora 0,25% GBoero 
AOXOAa, cpeAHift Mace* 0,8 — 2,0%, pa6o^ift Rtacc* 2,0 — 2,4%; ct 
aaKorora h Ta6asy BHCinift Macro ManrrB 1% cBoero AOXOAa, 
cpe^Hift 1,5 — 3,3%, pa6oiift 2,5 — 3,2%. KpoM* tofo, KOCBOHHire 
Hajrorn oxBaTHBaroTB npeimymecTBeHHO npeAMero, cocraBJiflnnUe He- 
o6xoAHMHfi rrHTaTeiBHBift m aTepiajB am pafio^aro KJiacca. IIhbo, Ta6aKi>, 
?aft h caxap* hh vb KaKOMi cjny^ai He MoryrB ciHxaTBoa pocxoniBK) am 
aHrjiflcKaro paSo^aro; a bth npe^Mera n aBjaroTca rjaBHuarB ofoen- 
tojtb EOCBOHHaro ofaoaeml, npnieirB ci *aa, Hanpmip'B, nam 
Aemesaro bt> 35 koh. $yHTT>, TaKB h Aopororo bi> 7 py6. $yHT*, 
Ceperca oAHHaKOBaa nomuHa — 18 koh. cb $yHTa. GraTHCTHKa no- 
Ka3MBaerB, tto maximum noTpe6jeHia bthxi npoAyKTOB* uphxoahtoh 
Ha patiom* KJiaccB. Ho paacqeTy npo$. JIobh, H3i> 88 mhjmIohob'b 

$yHTOBT> CTepJHHVOB'B, KOTOpUe TpaTflTCfl aHrjiHCKHM'B Hapo^oiTB Ha 

HannTKH, 60 MHJjioHOBi> na^aKTB na pa6o?ift uaeci. Hai 9T0ft 
cyMMH Ka3Ha?eftcTB0 nojyqHJto fb 1869 rojuy 25 i | 2 MHiiioHOBi, hsi 
kohx-b Ha aojh) pa6o?HX*B npHXOAHjocB 18 HHixioHOB'B. ^aiie, no 
o$$HitfajiBHHM'b cBi^HiairB, 9 | t0 Bcero Ta6asy Vb BejiHEo6pHTaHiH 
noTpefiiflOTCH pafioqnH'B KiaccoMT,, ynjraqHBa»mHirB nonurarai 6 mi. 
IIo BuracjeHiK) Masi-Kyxoxa, aHrjdlcRie pa6o^ie noTpefaflOTB ca- 
xapy 39,5% h H3T> 5 mhi. 614 tbic. Hajora ynjaTHJH Kb 1869 r. 
okojo 2 mhj. IIo H3CJ^A0BaHiD Jifijifiea BdKCTepa, EasAKft pa6oqifl 
noTpe6jifleTT> bi Amain He MeHBme 3 $yHT. qa» bi> tort^ cjdAOBa- 
T6JBH0, xasAuft pa6oqiti ynja^HBaeTB vb toa* Haiora V\ s mu M a 
bccb pafio^ift KJiaoci l T | a mhj. $yHT. CTepj. TasmrB oCpaaoM*, 
tojbko 3a HanHTKH, Ta6aKi, caxap* h ?afi pa6oqift Hiacci yniaiu- 



*) vapTHBM'b cm. npeBpacHUfl ctbtlh Bpenmano <Die engli8che.Chtrtisten- 
bewegung> b-b <Preus8iBche Jahrbacher> sa 1874 r. XXXIII, Taxse bt. Conrad's 
HandwOrterbuch d. Staatawissenschaften. t. X. 



154 PyCCSOB BOrATCTBO. 

Baert rooyAapcray 27,5 mm. $yHf. oTepx., a Tara KaR* bch oyvMa 
HaaoroBi Ha era npeAMOTH cocTaejuierL 66,5 mhj., to Ha flora bhc~ 
maro h cpeAHaro KJiaocosi npnxoAHTca 39 mhjl Ecjth 6jneui> ctch- 
TaTS roAOBOft aoxoa* pa6oieft combh bt> 50 ^yvroBi CTepraHroB*, 
to B6CB BajOBofi aoxoa* pa6o*aro KJiacca (4 mu. ceMefiCTBi) oocTaBHTB 

200 MM. 0yHT., HSt KaKOBOfi OyMMH B*B BHA* HMOra 3a HaHHTKH, 

Ta6aKi>, m& h caxapi yraaraBaerai 27 mm., t. e. 14%. HpHHHMaa 
Becb BaiOBOft aoxoa* BeraRo6pBTaHiH wb 800 mm. 0yHT., nojiysmrfc 
Ha aojod BHcmaro h cpe^Haro MaccoBB 600 km., H3i kobtb Ha- 
aora na nomenoBaHawe npeAvenj yMauBaerea 89 mhji., t. e. 
67a%' CJitAosaTeiLHO, pa&raii inoci ofoomem, bt> ABa pasa cmb- 
Ffee, ^fara o6a blicihhxt> oacca *). 

Boo6me, 6pocHBT> 64rJiHfi B3na^L Ha 6»AaeTB BejraRo6pHTaHiH t 
HanpHMtpt, 8a 1891 — 1892"r„ yBHAHM*, hto TavoxeHHiifl nonuiHHii, 
naTeHTU h Haiorn Ha noTpefaeirie, t. e. c6opu, naAa»ntfe raaBHMMi 
o6pa30Mi Ha HapoAHy» Maccy, cocTaBJiarorB 28,85% Bcix* rocy^ap- 
cTBeHHUxt aoxoaobb, -rorAa KaK'B npflMHe HMora, naAaromie Ha co~ 
CToaTeiBBue Kjaccu, cooraBJunDTB jhhil 9,55% 6»AKeTa. 

IY. 

Mh He nnmeirb Hcropin HaioroBi* h noTOMy He craHeiTB gjt&ahtb 3a hxt> 
pa3BHTieMi) bo Bctxt rooyAapcTBaxi EBponu. Mu xorfuiH toibro roh- 

KpeTHHMH 0aKTaMH H31 HCTOpiH HOATBepAHTL CXOMy BBOJHO^H HaJOrOBT», 

HaqepqeHHyro Haim BHine. npHMipi> AHrain h $pamtfH noKa3aji>, too 
6opL6a oemeciBeHHUxt KjaccoB* Hrpaerc> pimaromyro pojb b*b pacnpe- 
.ufejiemH nonaTHaro 6peMeHH, h xapaxrep'B noAaTHOft chctomh saBHCHTB 
otl cooTHonieHia nojHTH^ecKHXt cmt>. J[m AonojHemH RapiHHH Ham 

H606X0flHM0, O^HaKO, CKaSaTb fltCKOILKO CIOBl IIpyCGiH, C0BpeM6HH06 

cocTOHHie KOTopoft upeAOTaBifleTB h^rotophh BasHHH AAA Hameft nrfeai 
ocoCohhocth. HcropiH HaaoroB'B FBEpyccin **) pacRpHBaert nepeA 1 * 

HdMH Tt SO CymeCTBOHHilfl TOpVH, ROTOpHH MU BHA*JIH Vb HcropiH 

3>paHu,iH h AhhLe. HoAaTHHH npzBHJieriH cymecTBOBam TaMi bqjotl 
Ao 1865 rofla, xoth (JopMaiLHo 0Ht 6hjth oTMiHOHU yse Vb 1810 
ro^y ***). CncTeMa, ycTaHOBJOHHaa bt> 1820 ro^y, mrfaiaapKyH) 6yp- 
syaaHyio oRpacKy: nponopi^ionajiBHOCTB o6jioaema (KjaccHaa h uacoH- 
^HiiHpoBaHHafl noj^aTL), ranpoKoe pasBHTie HajoroBt na npe^Meru 
nepBofi h6o6xoahmocth, RaRi> Hanp. HaxorB Ha xjitS^, mhco, hhbo h 
BOAKy, h coBepmeHHoe ocBo6o2KAeHie orb Hajora aoxoaob*b cb abhsh- 
mmxt> KanHTajoBx. Jlxa. xapaRTepncTHKH dToro nepioAa mh orpaHH* 
hhmch HicKOJbKHMH D,H$pa^iH. IIo cM^rfe Ha 1869 roA*B cyMMa RiacoHot 



*) E. Ruwysb. Oiihti, H8CJ. aHrjr. kocb. HaioroB'B, 301—302. 

**) 2). Riedel. Brandenbnrg-Preussische Staatshanshalt in den beiden 
letzten Jabrhund. A. 3o6A(nmu-flecnmo6ctau. ^HHaHcoBoe ynpaBieHie b $HHaHc« 
IIpycciH. OaepoM, <PyccE. Mhcjib>, 1896, kh. 1. 

***) Dr. H. A. Zacharid. Deutaches Staats-und Bundesrecnt, II, 523—533 



PA3BHTIE OCHOBH. HAJLAJTB IlOfl. OBJOffi. BT> 3AH. EBP0H*. 155 

noflaTH, na^aBmefl Ha soup orb aoxoaovb ho Binne 1000 Mapora, 
noTTH Frpoe npeBHfflaaa cyMMj no^ara K*accH<|>HijHpoBaHHofi, najjaBinefi 
HajoxoflH BumelOOO Map., npa^eMi, H3i» nocatweft no JOBHHa npHXO- 
AHJiaGL Ha Aoix> hh3ihhx*b 4-xt> pa3pflA0B*B (bc4xx paapa^OBi 12); 
win., nofloxoflHoe ofaoaeHie raaBHofi oBoeft TaseoiBK) na^ajo Ha 
M6Hie cocToaTejLHue Kiaccu. B-b Grojjserk 1870 r. npaMue Haaora 
cocTaBJifljiH 18,4% Bcixi rocyAapcTBeHHWit aoxoaoB*, a socBeHuie 
32,8%. 9ia cHCTeMa aepaaaacB Heaoaro. Hpycoia — 6Ahhotb6hho6 bb 
EBpont rocy^apcTBO, r^i oymecTByjomaa opraHHsaitfa HajoroBt bt» 

H3BtCTH0ft Mtpt COOTBtXCTByeTL GOBpOMeHHHM'B TpoSOBaHUDTB. 3l0, 6631 
COMff&Hia, HaXOAHTCfl Bl CBH3H CBTOJt BHflHOft pOJLJBO^KOTOpyDpaCOHBeABH- 

seHie arpaio CB Haqaia 60-x*b roflOBi bi> Ilpyccia h 70-xt> vb ofiieAHHeH- 
Hofl TepMaHiH. Bx repMaHCKOM* peftxarark ob nepBbrxx ^neS ero cyme- 
CTBOBaHia pa6o^aa napria npefloraBjnua co6od BHymBTejn>Hy]DBejrHqBHy, 
cl KOTopofl h6o6xoahho 6hjk> c^HTaTBCfl. XoTfl bi> npyccKOMi jraHflTari 
pa6oqie He hmIdtb cbohxt. npejoTaBHTejreft, o^HaRO $aKTOT6GBaa pon», 
ROTopyio Hrpaen. pa6oiift uaccb bt> HiMeijKoft o6mecrB6HHofi h no* 
umraecKoft xh3hh, soaraTorao Beuxa, ito6h hpohsboahtb cootbIlt- 
CTB6HH06 flasieHie *). Yx6 bt> 1873 roay ydaHOBJieHO 0CB0609^6Hie 
otl Haiora aoxoflOBi hhso 420 Maposi; bx 1883 rosy btotb minimum 
noBHmeH r b ao 900 Map.; bt> 1891 rojy BBeaeHa nporpeccia ofiiosenifl 
otb 0,62% #o 4%. 3aK0Bi> 14-ro iioja 1893 ro.ua npHflajr-B npyc- 
ckoS noAaiHoi ohot6m1i opraHH3an;i]D, npn KOTopofl 6peua HMoroB* 
nepeneceHO Ha cocTOATejLHHe juacou. Hajrora nosevejBHHft, hoaomo- 
bh8, npoMBicjoBofi h cl ropHaro npoMHcaa nepeAaHH o6maHaM*B, a 
B3aviHi» hxt> rocy^apcTBo bbcjio HaaorB noHMymecTBeHHHft, naflammift 

Ha BCAKOe flBHSHM06 H H6ABHSHM06 HMymeCTBO CL OCB060KJ[em6Wb 

ihhi>, HMymecTBo kotopkucb He npeBBimerB 6000 Hap. Ecih cro.ua 
npHcodAHHHTB nporpeccnBHO - noAOXOAHHi Hajort, BBe^eHHuft bt> 
1891 ro#y B3aififfB uaccHaro h RiaccH<J>anHpoBaHHaro, to nojyiHin> 
CT^o^HyK) CHcreMy, yAOBieTBopa»myi) b*b sHa^HTeiBHoft CTeneHH oo- 
BpeMeHHHSTL TpetiOBaHiflM'B $HHaHCOBOfi HayKH. OcBofiosAaa otb o6jo- 
aceHifl aoxoah HHse 900 Map., noAOXOAHLiti HaJiorB BSHMaeTCH cl #Mt- 
CTBHTeiBHaro AOXoAa, noKastiBaeMaro njiaTeJLmHKOMTL Ha cob^ctb 

npHH6MT> npHHHMaDTCH BO BHHMaHie Boi HHAHBHAyaiBHUa 0C066HH0CTH 

Toro bah Apyroro njaieiLmaKa, KaKi Hanp., aoifh, paoxoAH sa npio6pi- 
TeHie, o6e3ne?eHie h coxpafleflie AoxoAa, oi^HCJieHie Ha norameHie 
CTpoeHift, ManiHirL h npo?., cTpaxoBame Ha (uy^aft 6ojteHH h era- 

POCTH, HHCA6HH00TB C6MBH. HaSOHei^B, nOHMyH^OOTBeHHHS HaJIOFL 

npoH3BOAHn> 6ojie chxbhoo npHBjeqeme ^yHAHpoBaHHUX'B aoxoaobx 

Bl CpaBHeHlH CB He^yHAHpOBaHHMMH. 



*) <A Ay«aH), hto Bt snozy, Kor^a coi^laawnafl Bonpoci samniaeTb T&Koe 
BHAHoe m4cto, Kor^a uu mtbem bt> coqiajibHEzx'b Bonpocaxi» tskt* Tpf^HO 

BCnOlHHMUfl 06fl8aHH0CTH, BCB aKTH IipaBHTeJCbCTBft H B&ROVLO&TeSbEbm C06- 

paaifl A0I2HH on^HHBaTtca cb tovkh sp^Hifl hit> BJdflHifl Ha pasBHTie coi^iaji^T 
AeiiOKpaTJH* (CjOBa mmepcBaro sam^Jiepa). 



156 PFCCR0E BOrATCTBO. 

Bt> npyccEOirB fiBOflaerfi 1895 — 96 r. npairae Hajorn cocTaBrarorB 
35% BctiTb rocyAapcTB6HHHrc» #oxoflOBfc, a ROCBOHHue mhib 9%, a 
npHTOM'B na^aH)TB He Ha ope^era noTpefaeHia, a Ha o6opoTU h Ha- 
cjfeACTBa. OoTajLHaa qacTB 6roflseTa noRpsreaeTca co6ctb6hhui[h npea- 
npiHTtaMH rocy^apcTBa, opeflH ROTopaxi* seriKHBia aopora saHHMaDTb 
nepBoe m4cto. ^[to EacaeTca pacnpefliaeHia npaMnxi najroroB'B, to 
HcnojraeHie fimaxeTa 1894 — 95 r. H0Ra3HBaerB cjrfcflyi>mee: qncjro 
njiaTejii>in l HKOBi> naaora He npeBumajo 2 1 /, mm. npn HacejemH bt> 
30 mm.; bt> to BpeHfl, oflflaRO, KaRB 2199634 raaTejbmHRa ct> #oxo- 
tfOMi orb 900 flo 3000 Map. yraaTMH B<rfe bm*ct& 34V 4 mhj., Ill 
T£ic. 6oraTUXi» ct> floxoflOM'B buhio 6000 Map. bhogih 61 mm.; Ha 1 
rpax^aHHHa l-ofi RaTeropin na^aio bt> cpeflHeM* 15V a Mapora b*b 
roffB, a 2-of — 746. 



T4 se rjaBHue momohth, ROTopae mh npocjrfyjMH bt> pa3BHTiH 
rocy r n,apcTBeHHHXT> ^oxo^ob-b BOo6nje h HaaoroBi bi tocthocth, 

pOJTBe$HO BU^ilfllDTCH H B*B HCTOpiH $HHaHCOBOft HayKH. B% TJ 8H0Xy, 

Kor^a 6abhctb6hhum'b npaBMBHHMB hctotohrom'b rocyflapcTBeHHNX'B 

flOXOflOB'B CjySIUH flOMeHH,— h HHCaTOJIH HpH8HaBaJH C06CTB6HHyX) xo- 
PflfiCTBOHHyiO fliHTeJIBHOCTB rOCyflapCTBa 6AHHCTB6HHHM , B HOpMaiBHEDTB 

cnocodWB yAOBJueTBopenifl rocy^apcTBGHHiix'B noTpe6HocTeft, yaiiaa 
HajoraMt Micro ipesBiraaftHaro h BpeMOHHaro HCToraHKa. drj n^eio 

MH HaXOflHM'B y BCiXB DOJHTHqeCKHX'L DHCaTeiefi KOHTHHeHTa JO Ha- 

?ajra XVlEt B*Ra, TaKOBEi: 6oMa AKBHHGRift, Kapa$a, IlaiBMiepff, 

riOTH, BOflHffB, BopHHTI^B H #p. Oco6eHH06 pa8BHTie HOJiy^HJia JIHT6- 

paxypa o AOMafliaiBHOM'B xosaftCTBi vb TepMaHin. He roBopa yse o 
HHcaTejuix'B XVII Btaa, saKi 3eKKeH^op$'B, BucKaaHBarcmift Haflexay, 
hto naiorn He 6yAjn aoaro npoaojaaTBoa, h ny^eHflop^Tb, OTRasu- 
Baionufi rocyaapro b*b npaBt OTqyacnaTB rocyaapcTBeHHHH HMymecTBa 
h BSHMaTB HajorH, — ftase bi XVIH crrojiiTiH JOcth h 3oHHeH$eiBCB 
otboahtb HaioraM^ BTopooTeneHHoe m4cto. Teopia sthxb nncaTejeft 

HBJIfleTCfl HHT&MB HHHBTL, RaKB OTpaseHieMT* COBpeMOHHOft HMT> flttt- 
OTBHTejtHOCTH. Ty SO TbCHyi) CBfl3B CB A^flCTBHTeJLHOCTBB Mil 8aK&- 

qaeit h bo B3rjflAaxT> pasHHxi nHoaTejreft Ha xapaKTepx HaiorOBi. JIh- 
TepaTypa, OTHOcamaaca k*b nepio#y rocno^cTBa cocjobhijxt* npHBHie- 
rift, BHCRasHBaeTca bi nojibay ocBo6os^eHla apHCTORpaiiH orb bch- 
rhx*b HajioroBT>. TaKOBH, nanp., Kacnapi Kjokkt>, Bophhti^b, Kho- 
Phhfb b*b TepMaHiH, TeMHJiB, ^aBOHanrB, rajH^aRCB wb AHrain h 
Ap. IIo Mipi pasBHTia 6ypsya3in h pocTa b*b Heft caMOcosHaHia, h bi 
jiHTepaiypi Bee 6ojte h tfcurfee B03BbimaiDTca rojoca irpoTHBT> npa- 
BH^erift 3HaTH. CnpaBe^JHaocTLB) oCjuoacemfl Ha^HHaerB oiHTaTBca 

TOTB ^pHH^H^•B, TTO HHRTO H6 ^OjaeH'B 6HTB H31ffTB OTl HaiOra H 
TTO pa3Mtpi> erO AOJSeHB COOTBiTCTBOBaTL AOXOAy HJiaTOJIBH^HRa. Bb 

Teopin HajoroBx oTpasaeTCH, cii^oBaTOJiBHO, npoTecTB, no^Haraft 6yp»ya- 



PA3BHTIE OCHOBH. EAEAJTB EOfl. OBJOHC. BT> 3AH. EBPOnfi. 157 

3ieft npoTHB'L npeHMymecTBi, apHOTOKpaTin. OflacTaBHTCH b*b cbebb, cb 

OflBOft CTOpOBH, CB HOBHMH 8K0B0MB<ieCKHMB B033p£HUIMH, BHflBBBys- 

heme npHHUHnx CBofoflEOft KOBKyppeHitfB, a cb apyrofi — cb hobhme 
nojETsraeoKHMH TeopiflME, BEAflmjEME saasa^eHie rocy^apoTBa eckjuo- 
TeaLHO bo. BsimEefi oxpafli e BHyTpeaseft Bangui co6ctb6ehocte 
(KaBTb, $EXTe, ryM6ojn>,HT* *), BaKOHe^, cb $b*oco$ckbmh became 
paB6ECTBa e cbo6oam, cocTaBaaDmBMH a6cTpaETflyio ^opiiyjiBpoB- 
By cTpeMJiesift 6yp«ya3iE. H3BtcTHtia ^EHascoBHfl npaBHja A& 
CMBTa, saMirearonuE bi> ce64 Tpe6oBame BceoCnjEpcTB e paBBOirfcp- 
hocte o6joxeHia **), npeACTaBJiEJEarB ee 6ojie, ee MeB4e Kara pe- 
3J0Me CTpeMJieHift cpe#E£ro uacca. Do M*p4 Toro, Kara o6Eapy»E- 
BaeTca, ra> npEEimnH cnpaBefliEBOCTB, BucTaBAessne 6yp»ya3Bofi 

BIKOJOfi, BdJJJTb KB 0AS0CT0p0EE6My 06peM6S6Sil) EB3inBX*B KJaCCOBt, 

b*b $EHaHCOBoft jnraepaTyp* EaqssaerB Bee 6oaie B6oaie BHcrynaTB 
Teopia, Tpe6y»maa yHeEBmesifl no^aTHOH tetoote seEMyn^Exi uac- 
cob'l. To, tto npexAe craraiocB onpaBe/jjraBHirB, Tenepb osasHBaeicfl 
npoTEBopi^an^EifB cnpaBearaBOCTB; coiyaiBEHfi BonpocB BTopraerofl h 
pi $EEascoByi> saysy. IIoflflTie o onpaBefliEBOCTB BEflOEBMiBfleTCfl 
Vb Tom cMHCJit, *lto npBSBaeTca Heo6xo^tiMHM r b o6iaraTB 6oraTHe 
Kjiaccn GEJBBfce GbxKQX'b E ESBtcTBHfl minimum floxoflOBT) B0Bce 00B0 . 
6o»AaTB otb oGjtoseHifl. Bia EOBuf Teopia, b* cboh> o^epejjB, Eaxo- 

ftETOE B*B HOJIHOMT> COOTBtTCTBiH, CB OflEOtt CTOpOEH, CB yCBJOEieM'B 

pom Tpy^amaroca Eiacca bt» noiBTB^ecKoft sesee, ci» flpyrofi— cb 
eobuhe noTOTHqecKHMH BaraaflaMB, b*b cEjy KOTopuxi Ha rocy^apcTBo 
He toibeo BoaiaraoTGE ofiasaEEOCTB npaBOBofi e bo6heo& samara, so 
eMy npEOBaEBaBTCE e noaoaBraiBEHB KyjiBTypflUfl 3a^a?E, KJioEfimiaca 
kb yoTpaseflijo o6m;ecTBeHHHx r L npoTEBopiiift e o6e3neqefliio EHTepe- 

COBT> TpyAEB^efiCfl MaCCH, — HaKOHeiJ'L, CT> EOBKMB $HJOCO$CKHMH B^GEME, 

npfl3flas)n^flMfl 3a KaaflHirB HBflHBB.uyyBioM'B npaBO Ba cynjecTBOBaEie, 
^ocTOfiHoe KyjrbTypHaro qejoBtrca. TaREire o6pa3oin», nosETie o onpa- 

B6AJEB0CTE 06j[0S6HiE EaXOHETCE B*B BaBBCHMOCTB OTb XapaKTOpa BK0- 

eombtockex'b OTEomesifi bhoxe, cyn^ecTByiomaro npaBOBaro nopsAsa 
e rocnoACTBynEiEX'B $HJioco(J)CKO-noJiHTHqecKHXT» H^ea. 9to He aora- 
^ecKaa EaTeropis, a HCTopn^ecKaa. HeiB3a nodTovy hoctpohtb TaEoft 
CECTemi ofijoxema, KOTopaa 6uja 6h cnpaBe^HBa RM. bcAx'l Bpe- 
Hesi; so, coo6pasyaci> co BceS coBOKynsocTBD yoioBifi ^aAofi anoxa, 
mosso yorasoBETB cflcieMy ofiiosesia, KOTopaa 6yji x QTb cnpaBe^EBa 
M& 9mou anoxE. JKejaa saftTE npEEii.flni cnpaBOAinBOOTE, cootb^t- 
CTByiomift nepesEBaeEOMy saME MOMOETy, mm ^oisrsii, cji^oBaTejbHo, 

ECXOAETB E31> 0C066EE00T6fi C0Bp6K6HHI>IX'B 06n^6CTB6HSUX > B OTHOineHifi, 

H3^ HOBifiinaro Bsrja/ja Ha n^h rocy^apoTBa, h3t> o6n^e-(J)Hioco(|)- 
ckhx-l n^efi, rocnoACTByDE^flx'B b*b HacToam;ee Bpesui, — cjioBOMt, es'b 
Tix*B aa^aqx, KOTopHa hoztkeo ce6i cTaBETB ofimeacHTie bt> nepesfl- 
Baeifyi) anoxy. Jl. 3aKi>. 

(IIpqdoAotceHie cjmdyerm). 



*) flfinh roey^apcTBa $opuyjiHpOBaHa y Kanma bt. <Rechtslehre>, §§47 — 49, 
y Onxme bt, <Natu-recht>, Werke, HI, 152, y B. FyM6oM^ma b% «Grenzen 
der Wirksamkeit dee Staats, ra. HI h IV. 

**) Oho 4>opMyiiHpoBaHO bi ero <nepBOMi> 8aB0Hft>. (<H8Ci4^ob, o npHpoA* 
a npHiHHaxi CoraTCTBa HapoAOB , B>, nepeB. n. Bn^HEOBa, HE, 185). 



* 



bi pohhomi. yray. 

O^epK-B. 



HaA*B ropoAOM'B M. tojk>eo ito ryjiRO npo8Byiajn> yaapB 
6oJSBmoro co<5opearo RoaoROJia, BoaB^maa o Ha%jrfc BeqepHH. 
Eny rcraaci »e ciam btgphtb 6ojrfte Tomrie roJioca rojiokojtobi 
ApyrnxB uepKBefl, h kb coCopy, cxoawfivy Ha bucokoA RaueH- 
Hoft ropfc, HeftneHHO noraHyjoicB 6on>MOJiBmi bc*xb cocjiobiA, co« 

CTOflHifl H BOSpaCTOBB. OHH TOfl&O HOAHHMaJIHC& no oraoroft Ra- 

ueHHoft jiicTHHi^, ycTpoeHHOft jyui nimexoAOBi, a cnpaBa, no 
jjpport, to h a^jho, MiasncB cuius Kyne^ecida Jioma^H, o6roraa 

8aM0p6HHHXB RMTOHORB 6iffHaTO JDOfta H M6JIRHXB TOprOBIjeBB; 

Hspl^Ka MejiLKajiH rocnoACRia sanpaxRH h, KaicB HCRJiKHeHie, 
npocKaKajiH ^b4 aMasoHRH, Bos6yAHBB oCnjee y^BBJieHie. 

H^ROTopue 6oroMOJiLn;u yace ppmssi ao nocjr&jHeil nJioma^KH 
jActhhiqi h ocTaHOBHJiHCB nepeBecra Ay**- OTCioxa OTRpUBaJICA 
ABBHuft bha* Ha ropoAi, Jiexantflt BHHsy, Ha sanpHSHO-HSBH- 
BaiomyrocH rojiy6oft Jiemoft piray, noKpHTyio raacejiHMH GapRaira 
h xoARaiu, Ha ORpecTHua ceaa, nepeBHH, hojw h jrtca. Bee bto 
6mjio ao toro RpacHBO, tto a^xo CMopmeHHan, noABHSHan era- 
pymKa hsb nopoffu cb^hhuxb dpaHH^B> nprnmra bb HenoA- 
A&iBHoe yjuuteme h BocioiHKHyjia: 

— TocnoAH BanomKal Mhrojui YroAHHRB!.. (foaroAaTB - to 
RaRa^l 

Eft noAA^KHyjia APF** cxpaHHima, hsb cjry*aftHHXT>, homo- 
aoace, cb CTpaAajiBHecRHUi BupaseHiem» HCxyAanaro jnma. Oa- 
pymKa orjwA^a ee BHHMaTejiBHo. 

— %o 8T0, MHJiaH, a re6a paramo ho npHMiraaa, hjih th 

H8B S^mHHXB, ropOACRHXl? — capocHJia OHa. 

— HiTB, Maiynma. ft — nenseHCRaa, hsb Bepxraro JIoMOBa 
npHrana... MyacB y mom o<5osho*hjib, naiHawaTHfi tort* Jie- 
jrhti, a TenepB cmhokb CBaJUuiCH, botb a h coGpaxacB rb YroA- 
HHRy, MoaceTB orjuraerca Tochoab Ha mok) aojho CHpoTCRyio,— 

HaATpeCHyTUMB HMIOCOlflb OTBiTHJia CTpaHHHI^a. 

— 3xo a^o xopomee, mojimcb, roay6oHBRa. Maao ra mh- 
jiocth y YroAHHRa Eoasaro, Ha bc&xi xsaTHTB. Mojihcb tojibko 



bi> poahoatl yray. 159 

noycepwfce,— ycnoKaHBaioimnfL tohomt> npoH3Hecjia crapyniRa, 
ycasHBaacb Ha RaMeHHoft CRarab h npHraamaH cxbn&Tb to se 

HOByK) 3HaKOMyK). 

Bi> Tj-se MHHjTy no jr&eraHni 6ucrpo Bonma iioaoAaa a&- 
BymKa Bt chhoA caniHeTOBoA MaipocRi, npocroft coaoMeHHoft 
nmanfffc, cb RosaHoft cyMOiRoft Hopes* nae?o. OHa samaxajiacB 
h pacKpacH&iacB. OrjuHyBmHCB RpyroirB h bhah, hto bc& cRa- 
uefiKH saHfliu, OHa dma Ha BepxHeft cryneHBRi, HeAaaeRO on, ciapym- 
kh, cefljia maanfiy h h^crojibro pas* nposeaa imaTROin> no Rpa- 
cnBoiry pasropflHeHHOMy Ji6y, oCpaiueHHOMy BoaHHcrara npa- 

A&HH BOJIOCB apRO pHJRarO I^Bfea. HO, npOTHBl 06fcIKH0B6Hifl, 

BecHymRfl— 0Tjm^HT6Jn»HBift npnsHaxB pusHx*, coBepmeHHO ot- 
cyicTBOBajiH Ha (ftao-MaTOBoft rojk4 ea xopomeHBRaro aima. 
EpoiRoe BupaseHie CojarnHxi), cipHX'B rjiasi h npHBfejniBaa 
yjiu6Ka poaoBBix'B ry6*B— Ahaaan MoaoAyK) A*ByniRy otohb csuna- 
TH^Hoft. OHa 6biJiaBHCOKaHH3flmHOCJioateHa, HecMOxpaHajierKyio 
noJiHoiy. HeBOJiBHoe BmroaHie oGpamaaa Ha ce6a ea AtfHHHaa, 
rycraa Koca, TaHyBmaa HeiraoacRO HasaffB ropAyro roaoBRy. 

rjLflAa, RaRi oka Taaceao Awmaaa, cTapynuca o6paiHJiacB k*b 
Heft cb BonpocoMt: 

— Cicopo, aojhkho 6htb, man, Capunraa, ycraan? 

— HirB,— oxotho OTBiiHJia OHa, o6opauBaacB,— ne CKopo, 
a «aJieK0. Ob BORaaaa npamaa niumowb. 

— Bfcl, CiaJIO 6HTB, H3*B rOpOACRHXl? 

— OnaTB, HirL,— H3i yisAHNXii. Mh4 hsao Bt RaueHRy 
nonacrB, aa ho aeaio, Kara 9io ycTponiB? 

— Ito ace Baci> 8a$cb poAHue BcrpfrrarB, nan bt> ropoA$ 

rto 3eaKOMufl ecTb, qTo b*b co6opi> sainaH?— npoAoaaaaa Aonpa- 
mHBaTB CTapymRa. 

— Bt coCopt samaa homojihtbca YroAHHRy, a b*b ropoai 

y Mera hh poAHuxi, hh 8HaKOMuxi> h^tb. B*b EaxeHRy noftAy 
ioace nimROMi; nonmy sa^cb nonyTHHROBi. 

— MaTymRa! 9iaKyio a^ju>-to! B^ab ao RaMeHRB Bepcn 
TpHOTaib, noHHiafi, 6yAerB, — BcnAecHyaa pyRaim ott> H8yMae- 
Hia pa6aa <5a6a, croaBmaa HenoAaaeRy. 

— A th caifa H3i> KaiieHRH? — cnpocjma ee icojuoAaa a*- 
BymKa. 

— Eirbj poAHMeHBRaa, a na* Mofsjiokb, Bepcn> bocomb otb 
RaMeHRH 6yAerb. 

— Ta^B Bon* a cb To6oft, xotb, ao MonuiORi AoftAy 9 & 
TaM-B, MoacerL, enje rto ao RaMOHRH HaftA^rca. 

— H4rt, uaTymRa CapumHa, a xenepBy KyrmoBX Ha xyiopi 
JKHBy hoa*b ropoAOifB, aomoA, MOxerB, ki EoKpoBy oinpomycB. 

— ^ocaAHo! Ba6ymKa, MO»en>, th uwb HaftAeniB Roro rat 
RaHOHRH,— o6paTHJiacB MoaoAaa A^BymRa r*b CTapymRi,— hoh^h, 
rojiyCyniKa. fl sa ie6a CBtHKy YroAUHKy nocTaBJiio. 



160 PYCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— Homily, KacaroTOa, Henrro uwb TpyflHo. #a th Hio-ae, 
6e3poAHaa ^ro-jm RaRaa, hjih fii^Haa? Kb KOMy th bt> KaMeHRy- 
to HjemB?— cnpocHJia dapymKa, hobmbho nepexoAfl Ha «th> h 
npHHHMaa noRpoBHTejiBCTBeHHHfi tohb. 

— He CespoAHaa, 6a6ymRa, a 61JAHaa, npaBja. Y oma ao- 
m&jfr najia, a Apyryio Rymm He Ha hto. JIiimaRa HaHHTB ao- 
poro, KSEbTB Ha APyroe npHroAfirca, a hope y uena. mojioahh, 
asocB ninocoMt Aoftjy. 

— fla ni 9 MHJiaH, hsi KaKHrb ace 6yAemB? CBamemHRa 
wo-jih KaMeHCKaro Aoraa? — cnpocuia pa6an, xoace noTOMy-To 
nepexoaa Ha <th>. 

— HirB... Tam xmero ^MHTpift HBaHOBHra KopnarnffB, 
HeaaJieKO otb ijepKBH; cBoft aomhkt> y Hero, Moaerb, BHaemB? 

— #a th ero Aowa hto jih? — ohhtb BcnjiecHyjia pyicaMH 
pa6aa h npncTaJibHO norjia^ijia Ha A&BymRy, — TaRi, TaR&, h pu- 
jReHbRafl— bt> oma, cxoaca cb herb. 

— 3to xopomo, root aohb Ha 0Tn;a hoxoahtb, a chbtb Ha 
lcaib. C^acTouiBue Cyflyro,— BaxHo saarfcTHJia cTapymna. 

Pa6afl saxoxoTana: 

— CracMHpaa! Hy, ns6aBH I^apnija He6ecnaa otb Tasoro 
cnacTLfl! y»i 64AH0 xHBerB ^icHTpijt HBaHOBEYB, 6iAH$e 
nocjriiAHflro iiyatERa Ha AepoBHi... Hh MyiHn,H, hh xjr66yniEa 

HfcTB, HH TOHRE, HH OAe»eHRH. KyCRa HHHe TOAU BT> CBtTJIHfi 

npasAHHKB He bbahtb, paaroBiTBca HerfiifB. ^itb tojlko jkh- 
bh — rocno/CH Banomna BiAaerb! PaaBi hto ho rocnoAaMi 3Ha- 

ROMHITB ^HHTpift HBaHOBHTL nofl^eTL-BMnpOCHTB, A» AOHOfl IipB- 

HeceTL, a to npaiio cb roJiOAy 6h noMepjin. Xosalhra-TO ero ki> 
nepHOfl pa6oTi HenpHBH?Ha: npem^e Ha 6apcROin> ABopi* bro- 
HOMKoft jRHJia. #a AByxi Ao^eicB HOfffenmeft shmoA cxopohhjtb. 
He 8HaK>, cb Hero nouepjiH? Otb xoaofla, a& otb rooiOAa xbo- 
po6i-TO KaKt He npBBa3aTBca! 3BMa-T0 jnoiaa 6uJia. ^Mffrpifi 
HBaHOBH^'B co6npaTb noftAorB, a oh& Ha newt chaht*, bt> jiox- 
koth yBepHyBnracb, a& rojiocarb: 6ohtch — Ka6n He saueps'B 
OTeni'b-To! Henrro MyApeHo crapoiiy ^eJiOBtsy osho6htbch Ha 
cifepTB... OAeseHKa ase ohhtb njioxaa... A th, poAHMeHBKaa, 
rffi se 6uuia-TO, b*b y^em>4 hto-jih RaROirB? — nepe6njia ona 
caMa ce6a. 

MoJiOAaH A^BymEa He OTB^asa. Ona saKpujia jiHn,o pynaMH, 
h KpynHLia cjiesu HeyAepsHHO jihjihcb hsb en rjiwb. 

BcerAa Taacejio bha^tb cjieaw, ho Ha npeRpacHom hojioaomi 
jihi0, EOHeuo, en^e Taacejiie. HoaToiiy He yA&BHTeja>HO, hto 
cepwa ospyasaion^HX'B jk0hiii;hh'l hpohhruhcb ^hbmm'l co^yB- 
CTBieifB, h ori Bci noccrhmajiH cb cbohmh npocTUMH yrtme- 

HiflHH. 

— nojmo, rooiy6oHBRa,— roBopHJia crapymKa, MaAa roctjih- 
Bofl pyKOfl no roJiOBi njia^ymyio A^ByniKy,— nemro bi> 64ahocth 



Bi poahom* yrjy. 161 

to jooah He acHByrL, ^a enje Kara iraoft past rocnoAb noMO- 
raen>. Bo Bceirb Ero CBOTaa Bojih! ^pyroMy Hopes* sojioto 
jfflmB CJI63H npHxoAHTCfl; tm ate b-b yieHbH 6HJia. MoaceTS, bbis- 

BOJIHHIB CBOHX1,; TH HOMy y^BJUaCB-TO?.. Axi, TH, HOfl ropBRaH, — 

npnfiaBHJia ona, bhah, hto orb cores* j^Byimca He bi> coctohhIe 
eft OTBiiHTb, h cepuHTO o6paTHJiacb kt» patfoft 6a64: — Hy He 
rpfccB 8to Te6i... 3a^MT) th ee pacTpeBoxajia? He ycnieT'B 
OHa 6681 Te6a HaraaRaTbca, hto jra? Cava bhahiiib, RaRaa eft 
jojih BHmJia! Cjiobho sa asHKb ie6fl raHyjiH. 

HicKOJiBKO Apyrars xemiiHH'b Toace HaKHHyaycb Ha pafiyio, 
h ia coBciwnb CKOH$y3HJiacB. Kt> ea CTacTbio, b-b ijepROBb npomejn> 
CBan^eHHHKi», h 6oroMoaRH noTHHyjmcb sa hhmtb. CiapyniKa jac- 
kobo TpoHyja sa pynaBi HOJio^yio A&ByniRy. 

— HoftAeirb, KacaTOHRa, GarioniRa npHmejn. 

Ta nocjiynmo Bciaaa h nonuia sa Heio. Co6opi> y»e Chjh* 
hojiohb. BoroMOJiBn,u r&CHHJiHCb y ijepKOBearo anjHRa, h rycxofl 

3B0HB M%ffHHXl> MOHerb H6 yHOJIRafl CTOJUTB BT> B03^yx4. BilCTpO 

HanojraajiHCB bc4 hoacbItchhrh tojuctmmh h tohrhmh cB$?aMH, h 
hxt> ManeHBKie oroHBKH apKHMH, KpacHHMH BBisAO^KaMH saropa- 
jnoicb bt> nojiyMpaKi Buconaro cofiopa. 

Cama,— xaK-B sBamMoaoAyio AfcBymRy,— TOKeRymura h£ckojibko 
xoirfae^HHX'b CBiqeft. GrapymRa He OTCiaBaaa orb hoh h, has 
sa Heft, pacnpexbjiHJia, ROMy hxi ciaBHTb. CoBepmeHHO noTepaBi 
cbok) bojik), Cama MamHHaabHO xoahjui orb hrohu Kb hroh£, 
craBHJua CBiqn, oajia seimue horjkohh h npHKAaAHBa&acb rt» 
otipasaira. Koh?hbi> Bee, OHa maa y pimeTRH, sa ROTopoft no- 
irfmajmcB n^Biie, h ocMorpijiacB. 

Bt co6opi Bee TaRT»-»e, KaRi h A©c#rb jr&rb TOMy Ha3aAi>. 
TaKace ciporo cMoipiirb Ha Hee TeMHiift jihki> yroAHHRa bi» ;so- 
JKweHOft pnst, TOfb ate c&AeHBKift CBameHHHR'b, h totb ate Toa- 
CTuft pereHrb... #a h Toana TaKaa ace, TaRb ate, Ram, h TOraa, 

CT6KJIHCB CIOAa CO BCtab CTOpOHb pOffHOfi 86MJIH 8TH JQOAH, HeCfl 

CBoe rope. H rope Bee tooro... Tojibko Cama o^Ha HBirbHHJiacb. 
TorAa OHa (Suoia HajieHbRoft a^boiroA h bt> co6opi MOJiHJiacB 
ex uaTepbK). IIoMHHrB OHa, KaKx Hcnyrajiacb, Kor^a MaTB noABeaa 
ee npHJiojEHTbCA Kt RaiieHHOMy HSBaamio nyAOTBopi^a. 3to 6hjio 
nepeA*b ea oirbisAOHi bi rnHHasiio. 

OrpaHHO, hto nocjii ropa^KH, nepeHeceHHOft eto Ha AB^HaA- 
niaTOMi, roAy, hsi nponuiaro tojtbko h yi^'ljrljrb bt> ea naicaTH aiorb 
cofiopx. ^OMamHioK) o6ciaHOBKy, jran;a poAHbirb OHa 6escjrfeAHO 
3a6HJia. Bci acbhtb jrlrb, hto OHa npoBejia bt> T — oft rHMHasin, 
OHa HHRoro H3i> cboexx He BHAaoia. Koh^hb'b KypcB, OHa em;e 
i^jujft roA*b npoacHJia Ha ypoici y SHaKOMMX'B, ito6t> 3apa6oiaTb 
xotb Heimoro Aenerb Ha npoisA^ aomoA. 

Cama SHaoia, ito 0Ten;T> ea oqeHB 6tAHiift ABopaHHH'b, 8Hajra, 
hto CTapHRi noJi-yi3Aa ncnoJisaJTB Ha KOJiiHHX'B, ^to6bi noMi- 

Ift 8. Ota*jii» i. 11 



162 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

CTHib aosb bi> rHMHasiio Ha KaaeHHHft c^en». HoiraHJia OHa, kb,k% 
apy^kho xoxoiajiH ruMHasHCTKH, Korw OHa b% ciapoirB, pBaH0in> 
muhTwmA h orpoMHuxt BajieHRaxi, oiyrajiacB b% CBfajioft 
npieMHoB raMHaseiecRoft sajui. JKhbjui, pfcsBaa ^iBO^Ka cana 
paapa^itaacB HeyjepxHMMMi cm4xobcb, cjljhbSeo yBBAaBB ce6a 
bi> 6ojn,moin> sepRajii. Ho sa to, Kor«a ee oaSuih bt> $opiieHHoe 
njiaTte, to npn bha$ xopomeHBROft, arpoftHOft $HrypRH, bocho- 
MHeanie o «cir&mHoft HHmeHRi> jkhbo HsraiaAHjiocB, h HOByio 
TOBapKy HCKpeHHO noJiK)6njiH sa o6mHTejiBHijft xapaRrepi. 

IIomhh cbok) 6*ahoctb, Cama npHJiejKHO yrajiacB h ROBraua 
i;ypn* cb sojiotoA Me^ajiBK). Ofla HafffejuiacB eeftiacB ase nojiy- 
hhti> xopomee irfccro... ho yBu! He OHa OAHa Ha csirt 6huia 
<iteAajiHCTROfi». Mtda He mxoahjiocb. H,ijiuft coab, bt> oauiAa- 
hie era, OHa npoxHJia y cbohxb sHaROMHXB 3aBBaaoBiHn>. Ob 
JIn30fl SaBBHJioBofi OHa BMftcri yrajiacB, h a*bo?rh TaK-B noApy- 
jkhjihcb, hto EnaTepHHa HBaHOBHa (iiaTB JThsh), Raayjoe boc- 
KpecenBe, a hotomb Ha bc* npasAHHRH h na jtIto 6paJia Caniy 
KB rent, HT06bI Td BB thxomb ceMeflHOMB yrojiRi Horjia otaox- 
iry™ otb saraTift h Ra8eHnpHH. y JIhsh 6bljib eme 6parB, 
Ajieuia, CTapme ea Ha TOrarpe roAa, cb rotophmb Cama tojro 
o^eHb comjiacB. 

Korjw Cama ROHiHJia RypcB, Ta ase ERaTepHna HsaHOBHa 
oA^Jra ee cb hofb ao tojiobh h npiioTMa y ce6a. CiapymRa 
ropaio ee noJno6njia. Ajiema, yace CTyAeHTB, tojko He ocTaica 
paBHOAymHuicB rb CHMnaraHHofl h RpacaBOfi xiBymEfe. HesaniTHO 
hxb AtTCRaa CHMnaria nepenwa bb (kwrle rjiyCoicoe qyBCTBo, h 
6u:io ptmeHO tojibro AO»AaTBca, KorAa Ajiema rohhhtb RypcB, 
ttoGh 0Tnpa8AHOBaTB CBaAB6y. 

Bcfe otb BocnoMHHaHia OTAajieHHaro a 6jiH8Raro npomjiaro 
neeoJiBHo tIchhjihcb bb rojioBfc Cama, irimaa eft mojihtbcji. OHa 
ycmieEHO RpecTHJiacB, a mhcjih Bee BOSBpamajracB rb ea eAra- 

CTB6IIHHMB ApySBaMB, H \)M HHRaRB He MOrJia HXB HanpaBHTB BB 

Apyryio CTopoHy. 

SeiepHa ROHinjiacB. BcjrkAfc sa APyrHMH Cama nonuia npa- 
KJiaAMtmTBca rb nyAOTBopHOMy o6pa3y, h onaTB (RaRi bi a&t- 
i'tbI") eft crajio CTpamHO otb CTporaro ssroiaAa YroAHHRa... 

Ha nanepra ee ocTaHOBHJia 8HaROuaa CTapymRa. 

— Hy, AHTaTRO, Hamjia a Te6i conyraHi^, 6a6y H3i Ka- 
mchkh, Tojibro Ha ho^b RyAa A^BaTBca Te6i? Th en^e HUH^e, 
hoah, h^ saRycHJia?— sa6oTJiHBO cnpocHJia OHa. 

— CnacHCo Te6i, 6a6ymRa, sa xjiohoth. ^ctb, npaBAa, emfi 
Be &n»., A o6b Ho^eBRi AynaiB Henero, — yftAy onaiB Ha bor- 
3ajiij n ?aio Tarn HanBiocB cb 6yjncoft. 

— He jiaAHO 3to th npnAyMajia, — noRaiajia rojOBoft cra- 
pynnca. — Ce6a tojibro HSMopnmB, a& h 6a6a Ha sopBRt AOMOft 
noftAOTB... rAi aci> OHa Te6a no BORsajiaifB HCRaTB CTaHeTB? A 



B"B POflHOMt JULY* 163 

botb, kojjh He no6pe3ryemB, noflWMi Birfjcrfc Ha nocToaauil jBopi. 
TaMi> cb HacB no abIj KoneftKH sa HoieBKy 6epyrB... H naio cb 
tfyjKofi Tain ate AOcraHeirB. 

— Axt, 6a6ymica, — BOCicaHKHyaa Cama, — He noCpesryeniB, 
roBopninb th! JJa b^a* th ate canmaaa, too pa6aa cicaaaaa npo 
Moero oma, Kara ohb jKHBerB. TaieB niwb ace TyrB 6pe3raTt! 
Cnaoi6o, ito Bsrpyrana Mera, Aa HaAoyMHaa 1 . 

— TaKt mh 6a6y TyrB ac^aib He CTaneM-B, oHa Toxe Ha no- 
CTOflUHfi npHAera; nofli,eMi> noMajieHLicy, — npeAaoauiaa cra- 
pymica. 

Cama coraacnaacB, h oh* ABHHyancB bt> nyiB, Ho Aopori 
hxt> o6roHHJin aKHnaacH h, raaAa Ha OflHypisByio, xopomeHBKya) 
jiomaAKy, Cama BcnoMHHJia CyaaHHHKa, Ha kotopomi Kaianacb 
BepxoMi>, roc™ bt> hm*Ihbh 3aBBaaoBHX-B, BpnoMHHJia Aaeray, 
Bcer^a conpoBoaeAaBmaro ee, h HeBoabHO BSAOXHyaa. HoBceTawi 
mhcjir efl caenca npoacHHancB, 

— %o ai TaKoe, npaBAa, too mh 64ahh,— .nyMaaa OHa,— 
ecTB y HacB, BceTaKH, cboS aomhkb. Bi HeMi MoaterB 6htb hhcto 
h yioTHO. HaKOHeip>, HaftAMca ace Kor^a HH6yAB Micro ryBep- 

HaHTKH, SHaHHTB, M03CHO 6jflflTb nOMOHB pOAHHM'L... 

TaKi> pasMHmaaa, cma HesaMiTHO Aomaa ao maTsaro KpH- 
aeiRa nocroaaaro ABopa. CiapymKa OTBopnaa ABepB, h oh$ oqy- 
thjihcb b*b aobojibho Coabfflofl KOMHaii, rjijb yse CHA^ao Ha noay 
h Ha aaBEaxi HicKoaBKO 6oroMoaoK*B. 

Camma HOKpoBHTeaBHHija npomaa bi» AaaBHift yroai>. Tairb 
pasaasiiBaaa ROTOUKy MaaeHBKaa, imeAynraaa 6a6a b% sanaaiaH- 
homx capa^ani h pBaHOMi sHnyHHimci. 

— ^apBiomKa,— ooHKHyaa crapyxa,— botb ra 6apHnraa,TOO 
8aBTpa cb To6ofi noflAerb. Yxn> th, poAHMeHBKaa, ho HyAB ee ao- 
poroft-TO. Efl BnepBhie aTanyio Aaab HftTH npnxoAHTca. Tbog-to 
A^ao, b$cthmo, npHBw^Hoe, TaKi th hb Toponacb, ^aft eft nepe- 
AOXHyrB, Koaa npiycTaHeTi. 

— TItojk'b, mh& ToponHTBca HeKyAa, — paBHOAymHO OTBiTHaa 
^apBa, AOCTaBaa KpaiomKy xaifia,— too paHO, too ho3aho npaAy— 
Bee oaho. ' 

— A xo8HHHa-TO HiTi, too an?— yqacTaHBO cnpocaaa da- 
pymna. 

— H-frry... airB ABaAi^aTB, KaKi ymea*. Ha^ero He catixaTB 
o HeMfc. Pe6aTa bc% noMepan,— TaKi-ae paBHOAynmo npoH3Hecaa 
6a6a h norpysnaacB bx aceBaHbe xat6a. 

QrapymKa ymaa, a Cama ciaa Ha okho,- oraaAHBaa H6B8pai- 
bjjOj rpa8Hyio KOMHaTy h cb yxacowB AyMaa o HO^aeri sa^cb. 

AoacAaBmHCB BOSBpamema CTapymKH, OHa cb MOJib6ofl o6pa- 
laaacb Kb Heft: 

— BafiymKa, HeaBsa an ayime npaMO Ha ABopi hjih b% 
capai KaKOMi nepeHo^eBaxB? 

11* 



164 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— 3arinrB, KacaTcraa, Ha xnopi. 9 y»B neperoBopeaa c% 
xoaaftRoft IlaHTeaeHHa, oaa ie6a b*b hhctoA ropeHR* noaoaurrB. 
(tea h oma TBoero xopomo sHaen. TaRi-TO, poxHaa, noftxerB — 
a ycipon Te6n,— roBopHJia crapymRa, noRasHBaa Canrfc xopory 
bt> HOBoe noMim;enie. 

Ha TOcroft hojiobhh%, rx* xhjih xosfleBa, 6hjio amoro aynnie. 
Bi uajieHBKOft KOMHaTR*, cb nojieBHUH BaHaB'IcKaiai h niBfoaMH 
sa oKHaxi, 6hjio xobojibho yioTHo. 

Okojio CTOJia, saHHTaro orpoMHinra caKOBaporo, CHxfoia bh- 
coKaa, acejrcaa crapyxa, BcraBmaa npn bxox* Cama. OHa aa- 
ckobo yjm6HyjiacB Moaoxoft xftBymR*, noxaaa eft pyny n npn- 
raacaaa cIctb. 

— ?aftsy He jttoxho-jih? — npexaoauxaa (ma hhsrhitb npifli- 
HinrB rojiocoirL h nocraBaaa nepex* Cameft orpoarayio qamsy 
?aa.— Bh, aorainaaa, xoiRa ^MHTpia HsaHOBHqa 6yxeTe? Cax&CB, 
^OMHymRa, caxHCB crpaHHHija Eoacia, rocTBeft 6yxemB, — o6paTH- 
aacB OHa Kb crapymRi, ioxe noxanraa eft Ha&HTyio HamRy* 
Cama h crapymRa ycfcancB kt> CTOJiy. XosaftRa npoxoaawuia sa- 
HHnaTB hxt> pasroBopoifB, npeHMymecTBeHHo oCpanjaacB r* 
Cami: 

— Ilaoxo KHBen> ,H)aiTptft HBanoBHTO, 64xho! Hy, xa Too 
hoxb noMoacerB, bh saMyati CRopo BHftxeTe— poxroeaeft ycno- 
kohto. JRohhxh Haftxyrca, mghh enje HaifexHH uaiymRa hs-l fjura- 
hhi^b npo Baci> cnpamnBaaa. y Hea 6parb ecrB — bi aRaxeiiiH 
yroaca, yicHuft TaRoft rocnoxanB, xaKt oh-l HenpeirfiHHo xonera 
B8HTB HeBicry cb «mB6TCKHBn>> o6pa80BameirB. 

Cama hjttb He pascvfeaaacB HaxB npexnocaixHHirB caoBora, 
ho bo Bpeica cxepacaaacB h npoxoaacaaa ihhho hhtb CesxoHHyio 
ianucy. 

— Bh MOJoraa He xothto-jh? — aio6e8Ho npexaoaenaa xo- 
saftRa, bhxh, tto pasroBopi RaeHTcanaoxo. Cama HepinrareaBHa 
Bsrjurayjia Ha crapymRy. Ta noHaaa ea Bsraax*. 

— %o MaxymRa, Ahm CeMeHOBHa, — xoCpoxynmo nporoBO- 
pnaa OHa,— RymaTB-TO HairB, rohc^ho, xototch. Gb yipa MaRO- 
BOft pochhohrh bo pTy He 6mjio. ^a 6oHHca, Ramrrajty He xsa- 
thtb; xoMOft Toae jmnraiOH) RoneftRy npHHecin xototch. 

— Axi,, 6aTioniRH moh, x& pa3Bi Ha mh4 Rpeda hIti!— 

BOCRJTHRHyJia X08aftRa,— CROJBRO JliTB MH CT, ^MHTpieM'B HBdHO- 

BH^eirB BHaROim, a a cb ero xo^epn x^HBrn 6parB may? ^a a 
sa hoctb noiHiaK) npaHSTB TaRyio o6pa30BaHHyio oco6y. 

Repeal h^crojibro MHHyn, nepex^ Cameftyace ctoajtb ac6aHT> 
cb mojiokoitb, a 8artMT> hbhjhcb Ha ctojt! h xpyrla aciBa, Ha- 
xoxHBmiaca bt» nnta^y rocienpinMHoft xosaftRH. Cama CHanaJia 
CTicHaaacB, ho AHHa CeMeHOBHa eeiaRi paxynmo yronjajia, m 
ona xaja noanyio bojdo anneTHTy h cb HacJiaaRxeHieirB imjia h ijia. 

IIocjA yauma, AHHa CeMeHOBHa oTBejia x^Bymicy bt> MaJieHB- 



Bl> POAHOMX 7T&Y. 165 

kjk) KOMopoiKy p^AOirB, rA* y»e Cama npHroTOBJieHa Haciaa no- 
ctojib, h Cama hohth ceflqaci» ace sacHyaa RpinRHiTB, 6essa6oT- 
hhicb chojtb, ycnoKoeHHaa rim, hto Ha nepBNXB ace marax* 
BCTp^TBJia Ao6puxi» onoAeft. 

Bujio enje coBepmeHHo T6mho, sorxa ktoto pas6yAHJTB ee. 
€i> ycajieiTB otrpbib-b raasa, OHa yBHAaaa SHaROMyio cia- 
pynaty. 

— EaGymRa, Heyacejra BCiasaTB mao? CnaTBemexoieTCH, — 
aajioCHO nponsHecjia OHa, 6opacB cb caaARoft AP^HOTOft. 

— Ilopa, RacaTOHRa. IIo xoaoARy hath Jieree, a Ram coji- 
HfinnROMB npHrpterB— CRopie yifaemBca. BciaBaft, ahtatro; xo- 
8fiftRa yatt caMOBap^HR'B corpfoia, — aacROBo yCtamajia CTapymRa. 

Hexora noAHHJiacB Cama. Cxapynnta npHHecjia eft yioiTBCfl. 
XoJiOAHaH RJDOHeBafl BOAa pasoMi ocBiauura A&BymRy, nporaaKB 
en cohb, h OHa Bomjia Kb Ahh$ CeueHOBHi 6oApoft h Beceoioft. 

— Taxejio BaifB cb HenpHBHiRH noAHHMaTBca ct sapeft. ^to 
A&iaTB! #jih poAHTejieft HOMyHHiecB. 

— SL botb TyrB BaMx yseJioneKB npoBHsin Ha Aopoauty npn- 
roTOBHJia, a& ?afiRy bt> CyTHJio^Ky HajMa, Bee nonBexe vojRen. 
Mojno?Ra 6m Aana, Aft BpeMH sapRoe — HcnopraTca. Yxb ho noGpes- 
ryftie .mohkb yromeHBeiCB,— CRasaaa xosaftRa, noABHra* yseart, 
aeaaBraift Ha CTOJii, h nocnimHo H&nHBaa naft. 

y Canm cjiesu HaBepHyjincB Ha rJiaaa. OHa nopuBHCTO 
tipocHJiacB Ha meio cTapyxn h ropjreo ee pacntfuiOBajia. 

— AHHa CeMeHOBHa, rojiy6ymKa! Kaicaa ace bh Ao6paa, xo- 
pomaa! ^iirB mf& oatiaaroAapHTB Baci>? — BSBOjmoBaHHO nporo- 
BopHJia OHa. 

— IIojHOTe, AaeRcaHApa JJuHTpieBHa, Rattan Tau*B 6aaroAap- 
hoctb, — CKa3aJia TpoHyiaa xosaftRa,— botb, ecm caynHTca eme 
bb ropoA* 6utb, saxoAHTe omtb, a BairB Bcer.ua 6y#y pw- A 
noKa, caAHTecB-Ra sa naeRB, bot* fiyao^RH MarRia. 

Cama oxotho nocaiApBana eacoBfrry n CTaaanoAKpfcHaaiBca 
Ha Aopory. 

CRopo npnmaa ^apta, yace cOBciirL raroBaa bt> nyTB. 
HacRopo aohhbi HamRy naio, Cama nepeRpeciHJiacB, hotoitb 

HH3R0 HOKJIOHHJiaCB XOSafiRi* 

— CnacH6o Bam, AHHa CeueHOBHa, sa Bamy AofipoTy, a 
HHKorAa He sa6yAy BacB, — cRasaaa OHa, ototb Rpimco ee iji- 
Jiya.— Ilpon^aft, 6a6ymRa moh xopomaa, cnacafio ie6i sa tboh 
xjionoiLi, homojlhcb 060 imi, — oCpaiHJiacB OHa r% CTapymRi h 
•roae KpinKo pacA*6jiOBajia ea CMopmeHHua n^eRH. 

— llpomafl, ahthtro Moe sojioToe, xpaHH Te6a DjapHi^a He- 
CecHaa,— jhk>6obho nepeRpecTBma ee CTapynnca, e^Ba cuepaiHBajg; 
cjiesu. 

HaA^Bi nuiflHRy, Cama nepeKHHyjia repeat naeqo cyMOTOy, 
asaaa ysera h Bumaa sa ^apbefi. 






166 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Fopo^-b eme cnaJTB. MajieHBKie aepeBaHHiie jomhkh cb bhk 
cokhmh TecosHMH KpBimaMH, MesomraaMH h 6aJiBOHiHKaiai Rasa* 
jihcii HapncoBaHHEiHH h HanoMHHajra Garni j^peBHe-repiiaHCKie ro- 
poflKH, BHAtHHHe eio bi njunocTpaijiax'B kt> <$ayciy>. 

Ilpoflw mnpoKyio yjramy ct> paaoirB KysHHij* h KOJioweBi, 
nyTHequ bmiiijih hsx ropoja Ha 6oJn>myio aopory, no oCimrB 
cxopoaaM'B KGTopoft TflHyjiHCb 03hhh. Hxt* ryciaa, OapxaxHaa se- 
jienb nopa,iMBaJia Camy. 

— Ct xJiiCymKOifL HapoffL 6yflerB, — sairfiTHJia OHa,— searem 
to EaKie cjiaBHue, npeJiecTB! 

— FocnojH hbj&errb, kto hxi joameica-TO? — yrproiro oxosBajiack 
4apta>— xjrfeCymKa ypoflHica MHoro, aa 4ctb 6yneTb HeKOMy... 

— IIo^fsMy?— saHHTepecoBaJiacb Cama. 
CocpejioToieHHO rjiaja BnepejfB, #apBa saroBopHJia thxo, 

cjiobho npo ce6a: 

— Ectb y Hacb bt> Kaiiem* mpHHeKB CoroyAHHft, Mnxes-* 
T ieHi> 3BaTL. Oh* CTopoaeMt ijepKOBHHirB roaoB* aecaTB cJiyacHTB. 
Bott> oin, na Eropia Benepoirb nomejii bi nojie, tojtbko cbj4- 
cotoomvto nopoBHAJica, cjninrarB— kto-to Ha sejreHax'B rojio- 
chtb... yat'B botb Kara roji6cHrB, pobho MaiB no CHHy po- 
AHMoaiy. rojiocHTB, roJiocHTi, fla KaKi BcujiecHerB pyicaMH, 
saipaceTCii Tain*, ito Bca somjih saxpoxHrB. Mnxenni-TO da- 
pHK'B He pofiKift, a TyrB 6*Jiift cnhra flOMOft npH64*ajrB. 

— Bijth y Bad na Eropia npa3jHHKi xpaiiOBoft, MoacerB v 
bhuhjTB jinweee, ei«y h nonyflHJiocB, — CRasaJia Cama. 

^api.a npoMOJiHaJia, nno ea jrauy HejiBsa 6hjio aoraaaTBca, 
Kaitoe BnoiaiJiiHie Ha nee npoH3Bejio npeflnojioxeHie Camn? 
T'I;mt> hc Mfteie pasroBopi o6opBajica, n oh4 nura Mooraa. He 
CMOipa Ba Maft irtcai^i», yTpeHHift xojiojoki» npoCapaJTB MOJio^yio 
AisymKy h sacTaBJHUTB ee BSAparHBaTB. 

;UpBfl fiesynacTHO CK0JiB3Hyjia no Heft BsrjiafloirB h CKasaira 
uy^a -to bl npocTpaHCTBO, cjiobho H36iraa npaxo ofipaTHTBca k*b 
CBoefl cnyxHHi^'i: 

— Beat o^eatH njioxo... Enje-TO wo, KpoMi MaTBH, ecTB? 

— Ecte t — yjitiCHyjiacB Cama, — mh* nocjii npnmjnorb. 
Oujitb Boi^apHJiocB MOJraaHie. Cama xortJia cnpocBTB o cbohxi^ 

ho nocnt pascRa3a paCoft eft 6hjio crpamHO. 

— IlyciB Jiynme caMa Bee yBHacy, h^btb paHBme MyHHTBca, — 
p-feniHJia oea npo ce6a, IIpHpOAHHa BeceJiocTB h 6e8sa6oTHOCTB 
cicopo nporuajiH ea AyMU, h OHa nuia, paseiaHHO ceojibsh bso- 
poHt no CTopoHaMX. 

Ha^ 3a ctpoft TyiKH Ha BOCTOKi BiirjiaHyjio cojraNmKO, h, 
cjiobho e\iy bt» npHB^Ti, H3*b CjiH^aftmaro Jiica pasflanocB Bece- 
jroe nimie iiTHHeKi), H31 sejieHeft 0T03BajracB aaBopoHKH, coBep- 
menHO HeBHAHMwe, TaKT> wo Canrfc hcbojibho Ka3ajiocB, hto 
caMa aeMJiH noeTX. IIoJiHaa A^TCKaro BOCTopra, A^BymKa 6iro»TB. 



Bl POflHOMT, 7TJLY. 167 

CpocHJiacB kb jrlcy, 6681 Tpyja nepecROHHB'B HefioJiBmyio Ra- 
BaBy. 

— Cmotph, ^apBioniKa, RaRB sa&cb xopomo,— roBopnjia craa, 
nocntmHO cptiBaa JiaH^uniH h H6sa6yARH, lOMBinieca: hoa*b ao- 
peBBAMH bt> HsyMpyAHofl TpaBi, h yKpamaa hmh cboio nwanRy 
h njtaTBe. 

06jioKOTHBnrac& Ha najoray, /JapBH TepntjiHBO acAaJia Bosspa- 
mgHia Camn. Omtb ea BsrjiaA'B RaRi>-TO cipaHHO CROJiB8HyjrB 
no iiBforaMB, ho OHa He npopoHHJia hh cjioBa h t^itb ate ho- 
TopnjiHBmrb maroirB ABMyjiacB Biiepe^. 

Ki no8XH6icy Beiepy nyTemecTBeHmmw AOcrarjiH, HaRonai^B, 
h6jih CBoero nyiH. HecMOTpa Ha npoAOJURHTejiBHHft otahxi Ha 
nojiOBHHfe nyra, Caraa qyBCTBOBajia ce6ao*eHBycTajioft.Ho,T4irB 
ho HeHie, efl ckyrao xot&jiocb OT^ajiHTb CBHAaHie cb cbohmh. 
Ona He Morjia h ho yciriuia enje sarjiymHTB bb ce6i nyBCTBo 
MOJio^oro 3roH8Ma, eft xot&jiocb xotb HOHnoro ho*htb 6osb ra- 
JKeaaro meia ropa h HyacAw. Ha MrHOBenie b*b en rpyAH bchhx- 
Hyjio OTpa^Hoe CB^TJioe qy^cTBo: ona BcnoMeoa o6b Ajeinfe, ho 

OHO TOT^aCB H6 CKiHHJIOCB ropeHBK), Pa3JIK)6nTB OHB, ROHeSHO. .. 

msjio jra y Hero snaROHUxi pasBHiuxi h CoraraxB ataymeR'B. 
Binb tojibko Bi) pouaHax*B 6e3RopucTHHe repoa ociaiorca Bip- 

HHMH H HeH81filHHHlffH, a H6 B"B JRB3HH, TJ& TaRB JierKO 8aTKpa- 

Kxrcfl hobbimh BneHaTJiimaMH CRopo djAxritontf* lepra nporanaro. 
«Ob rjia3i) xoaoft, hs-b cepAija bohb>, tobophtb CTapmHaa no- 
roBopKa, h, He cmotph Ha mojioaoctb, Caraa noHHMaJia ropBRyio 
cnpaBe^JiBBOCTB aioft noroBopKH. 

Ee BBiBejiB H3T, pa3^yMBa roJiocB #apBH: 

— Botb h aohmh, cjiaBa Bory! 

Caraa ociaHOBHJiacB. Bee cejio 6klk> bhaho cb npnropRa. 
BHH3y CTpynjiacB HeranpoRaa piraeHRa, TOpe3T> Hee Chjtb nepe- 
KHHyrB moctb, h Aopora Bejia bb ropy, vjijb 6tjiijiacB ijepROBB, 
ospyaceHHaa jranOBHirB, b^robbimi caAOM*. HanpaBO, nepesB jio- 
m,HHy, Ha bhcoro* ropt pacKHHyjiocB cejio, Hair&BO otb uepKBH, 
Mepes'B BTopyio JiomHHy BOSBHraajiaCB RpacnBaa CapcRaa ycaA&6a 

BB TOHHOft 86JieHH CJieft. 

— BOTB TaiTB, OROJO IjepRBH ^MHTpift HsaHOBHTB XHBeTB,— 

raxo saroBopnjia AapBa, — pa^oiTB hotth. KpoM% ero jo- 

MO^Ra— CTOpOHRa TOJIBRO... HefflTO HpOBOflHTB JO Hero?.. HOSflHO- 

Baio 6yATO... hh% Ha cejio, botb Cioja hath... A to, npoBosy. 

— Eh? by cnacn6o, a o^Ha AoftjQT, — BtiMOJiBHJia Caraa no6i- 
ji^bhihmh otb BOJiHemH ry6aMH h, nepeftAH moctb, 6ucTpo CTajia 

HOAHHMaTBCH B*B TOpy. 

^oft^fl ao RaMeHHoft i^epROBHoft orpaABi, OHa ohatb ocraHO- 
BHJiacB. H3T> cTaparo ca^a Ha Hee b^hjio npoxjiaAOft h THraaaoft, 
eft xotIjiocb yftTH Ty^a h HJiaKaTB, njianaTB 6e3T> ROHi^a b*b 
HsyMpyAHofl TpaBi MeacAy naMaTHHROB'B h RpecTOBi. 



168 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Basuih nocJEumaJicfl repaid,, h CKopo noRasaaacB tojictm 60- 
coHoraa Atooraa bb HOAOTRHyToft h)6r$ n' pasopBaHHoft ro$- 
toto$, cb orpoMHoft xBopociHHoft bb pyRaxB, KOTopoft OHa hoa- 
roHAJia RBjTb OBeivB. 

HeKpacHBoe jnmo a*bohrh 6hjio HsypoAOBaHO ocnoft, MaaQHB- 
Kie cipne roiasa, sjio6ho rji^Afomie nsnoAJioCBa, n JioxMarae, 
pmRie bojuocu A^ajin ee cobc^mt, HenpHBaeRaiejiBHoft. OHa orjia- 
A&ia Caray ci> roaoBH ao hofb h npespnxejiBHO $HpRHyaa. 

— TocnoAH! HeyacejiH aro aroa ceorpa?— cb yxacom» no>Ay- 
Hajoa Cama h, ^to6h pasoifB pasciaiB cboh coim-ima, capocajia: 

— Th He 3HaemL, rpjb jkhbotb ^MHTpift HBaHofcHHB? 
^BOHRa sacarfuuiacB: 

— I>6 yacL MHi npo to BHaTB, Kor^a oht> mh£ thtbroU ao- 
boahtca. Ha hto ohb Te6i? Ohb BTopyio neAiJuo ta^-to Huiaer- 
ca, DB^HCTByerB aojkkho. BiflB ohb y HacB nBamomRa... 

— He xopomo raKB npo oma roBopniB, — nonpo6oBajia ee 
ociaHOBHiB Cama. 

— 0, 0! Th 3to OTKyAa BHHCRanacB? Tp«e Mesa y<mr* 
B3AyMaJiaI«. raaAH, HaR*B 6h a Te6a npeacAe XBopocraHOft ho no- 
yqHua, — norposHJiacB AiBiomca n, BSisaBi Ha maTKoe Rpn- 
jieHRO AOHHEa, ao KOioparo oh4 AonuiH, sanpHHajia: — MaMRa, 
KaKaa-io 6apHnma oma cnpanuiBaerb. 

^BepB sacRpHnina h OTBopnaacB* Ha uoporii noRasajiacB bh- / 

coRaa, xyAaa xeHmHHa b*b onpaTHOKB tohhoitb njiaTti. OHa cb 
yOTBjieHieMB nocMoipijia Ha Camy h BSAporayjia. 

— Cama! — Hecirfuio copBajiocB cb oh ry6i>, h ctojibro pa- 
AOCth h xenjiaro ^yBCTBa bhjihjlocb bi> otomb sByirfj, hto tojibko 
oahh yda bb Mipi Morjin TaKB cRasaTB oto HMa. Cama 6ncrpo 
6pocHJiacB Ha meio Maiepn. 

— MaMOiRa, a& mrb xe bbi Mena ysHann? — cnpamHBaaa 
OHa MesAy noitfuiyflMH. 

MaiB orcTpaHHJia ee thxohbro Ha MTHOBeme. 

— IIoroAH, flfaova, jsfiA novx&KbTb Ha Te6a. KpacaBHija 
RaRaa ciajia! Pocnaa... CTaraaa... FoBopaTB, Majiemicoft th Ha 
iieHfl 6HJia noxoxa, tojibko bojioch... Hioma Toxe co MHOft 6bu» 
cxoJKa, botb Bap a, Ta — bb 0Tn,a... MMynnca th Moa, ho Ay- 
Majia a Te6a Aoayi,aTBCH, — jiio6obho roBopnjia MaTB, oroiflABiBaa 
UBiTyn^yK) AfeymRy. — ^a rAi ate dToBapa? — BApyrb cnoxBara- 
jiacB OHa. 

Ho 6ocoHoroft a^bo^rh a^bho cjAab npocTBUiB. Cama pas- 
CMiajiacB. 

— OHa xorfejia iieHa yrocTHTB xBopocraHOft, a TenepB eft, 
BtpHO, CTaJHO cthaho^ OHa h cnpflTaJnacB. 

MaTB noRaiajia rojiOBofl. 

— 03opHH^a OHa y HacB, oiei^B nsCaJiOBajrB, tojibro ero 
OAHoro h cjiymaerB. CoiaAy cb Heft TenepB h*Itb. Hy hah, a$- 



A 



fb POflHOirB ytsv. 169 

TOHKa, bt> ropensy; a ee ceftiara pasBimy. TocnoAH, boh h ho 
nafljia TaKofi pa^ocTn! 

(tea OTBopHJia Cami A^epB, a caMa npoBopHO ynuia HCRaiB 
MJiajifflyio aohb. 

KoimaTa 6Hja otohb najia, noiOMy hto neperopoARH a^jihjih 
ee Ha ^erape qacra: nepBaa npeAdaBJiajia h3t> ce6a nepen,Hioio, 
hsi Hea npaiio ABepB Bejia b-b npieMHyK), a HanpaBO — bt> ara- 
jieHBKifi HyjiaHHEKB, HsoCpaxaBmift cnajiBHio. Bb npieimoft ABa 
OKHa 6wjih o6panjeHH Ha mronpflfc nepeA* ijepROBBK), wb hhxi 
bhaho 6hjio cejio, nowb CBanjeHHHRa h Aopora k*b Mociy, no ro- 
Topoft npnnaa Cama; TpeTBe okho bhxoahjio Kt orpafffc h ca^y, 
HanpaBO sa ABepBK) HaxofluiacB Biopaa cnaaeHRa. EaaroAapa Bqe- 
panreeMy npasAHHRy (ahio Cmmiejin HnROJiaa), Bee bt> aomhr4 
ciajio ^HCTOToft. EiaHa KOJieHKOpOBLia 3aeaBicH Ha ORHax-B, Ba- 
saHHaa caai^eTonRa Ha yroaBHOMx ctojihr4 hoa* o6pa30MT>, cna- 
TepTB Ha CoJibmoMi cxojii, Meamy AByxi orofb, h dhjrtiA A^pe- 

BHHHBlft nOJTB — CiHJIH 6iiIH3HOfl. Y A™HHOft CT4HH npieMHOft 

noMinjajica Taoce aobojibho KpacHBHfl, KoacaHHft AHBaffB; He- 
AaBHO BH6tjieHHBia ct$hh ynpamajiHCB i^apcKHMH nopxpeTaioi h 
AByMfl-TpeMH oJieorpa$iaMH; 6hjih Aaace ijBiiymia pobh, repaHH 
h peseAa Ha ORHaxi, a MnpHo ropfomaa JiaMna^a Bceiiy coo6- 
maaa KaKyio-TO TenjiOTy h yioiHOCTB. 

06cTaHOBKa poAHoro ralsAa nponsBeJia Ha Camy caiioe npiai- 
Hoe BneiaurlHie. OcboCoahbhihcb ot*l nuiaiiH h cyMOHRH, ocmo- 
TpiBB Bee, 0Ha noAomaa kb OKHy h ycjnixaaa pasroBopx iia- 
Tepn cb cecipoft, Ha KpiueiKi. 

— CeitaacB 6irn, — roBopnaa naiB, — cRaacn MaTynmi: ce- 
dpa, mojtb, H3i> mMHasiH nprfcxaaa, wem HanoHTB. HaAO, a ero 
hh cophhrh h^tb, h caxapy nonpocn, a& 6ijiaro xjii6n,a, jth6o 
npocBHpoRi. 

— A KaKi> He AacTL?— BtrpasHJia comiHie Bapa. 

— He Aact-B? rM... Hy, xorAa r* rocnoACRoft RaKramjfc c64- 
raft. ^a Jiyime npaiio hah RB Heft, Kb Arpa^enfe MapKOBni, 
OHa BcerAa flaen>, a nonaAta Hama CKapeAHaa. 

KnBHyBB rojiOBofi bb sHaRi corjiacia, A^BOHRa HeMeAxenHO 
yinajiacB, a MaiB Bomjia bt> KOMHaiy. 

— MaMO^Ka, sa^Mi bm TaRi xjionoqeie, pa3Bi Benbza. 
o6oSthcb 663% ^aa?— o6paTHJiacB kb Heft Cama. 

— KaRi ace hojkho, MHjiyniRa! #a, hto ace aio, a rojuoBy no* 
Tepajia, — BcnoMHHJia Abaotbh CienaHOBHa (xaKB 3BajiH MaiB 
Camn). — T%h ace TBoa noABOAa, Ha ^eMB th npiixaoia? IIojrhtrh, 
^afi, RaRie eciB? 

— HHiero, MaMO^Ka, a cb co6oft He Bsajna. HbmROWb npa- 
nuia E3B ropoAa cb J^apBeft, — o6*BacHHJia Cama, caAacB Ha m- 
BaHB paAOMi cb MaiepBio. 



170 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Abiotba denaHOBHa BcnaecHyaa pyRaMH, e caesn rpaAOM* 
hojihjihci* H3i> ea raaai. 

— TpHwaTB Bepcn nfanROifB! ^oneraa th Moa HeHaraaA- 
Hiia, MyieHHita th MOfl Heciacraaa... TocnoAH... 64ahoctb-to Haci 
sataa... ahtotko CBoe poAHoe otb ropa yCepera He npnxoAHrca, — 
npinnrajia OHa, o6HHMaa h ijiaya aohb. 

Cama Moanaaa. Eft Toace noieuy-TO xot&iiocb sanjiaKaiB, ho 
OHa cAepsajiacB. 

I > i [yjiaHHHKi nocaHmaaca THxift, 6oJiBHOft naa^B. Abaotbh 
CienaHoiiea BCTpeneHyjiacB. 

— BpaTeHOKi tboII naaTOTB, — CRaaaaa OHa, BcraBaa,— ceft- 
uact npaHecy ero. HeciacTHHft ohi y MeHa... Tochoab sHaerB, 
aa hto mh4 raKoe rope Bunaao. ^Byxt Aonesi cxopomiaa, ototb 
npocHTca Ha norocrB; OTei?B naox-B craHOBHTca. Bee tojibko rope 
ropBKoe, Aa MyKa MyneHHiecRaa. Xotb 6h yan> CRopie Bcixi 
mc% npe6paaa IJapaija HedecHaa. B$a* sto hto, pedeHORfc 
pa3Bi? — BHHecJia OHa r*b Cami 6a$AHaro MaaB^yraHa cb Heno- 

M'fi|)H0 CiOJlBmoft rOJIOBOft H JRHBOTOMl H TOHRHMH, RpOXOTHHMH 

pj uKiiMn h HOJKKaira. — TpH roAa B^epa cpaBHaaoeB, a oh'b Ha 
nora tie craHOBHTca, chahoitb chahtb. Csasaa* Haci cosciiCB. 
^■iBTOHKj cb Hmix ae ycaAHmB, Bee caMOft npnxoAHTca mhb- 
muh. Egsb nero Ha padoTHinRy 6h RyAa ymaa, JinmHift rponr* 
AofiwJia 6h, a TyrB owl BHCHerB, pobho RaifeHB Ha mei. 

Cama Bsaaa Cpaia Ha pyRH. rpycTHue, nepHHe raaseHRH, 

HOJIIIHO HeA^TCKOft AY*™* OCTaHOBHJIHCB Ha Heft cb jho6ohht- 

cthomti, ho ohb He 3anaaRaai>, KorAa OHa ero noi$aoBaaa. 

— HmB, MajoieHBKifl, a pasyirijerb, qio th He lyacaa, CBoa 
KpoRb, — CKasajia Abaotb3 CienaHOBHa, AOsonBHaa rim, mo 
Cama npiaacRaaa pedeHRa, — th yarc hochah cb hhmi, a$- 
To^Ka, noKa a caMOBapi nocTaBJuo, — npndaBnaa OHa, yxoAa. 

Cam a dajia sadaBaaTB HaJiioTKy cbohmh qacnRaifn. Ohb bhh- 
MaiejiLHo npncaymHBaaca Kb hx-b raxoMy xoAy, ocropoatHO ao- 
TpormajicB xo'hhxi npo3pa*rao-6jr&AHHMH py?KaMH, Ha roto- 
Phm. CKQ03BJIH CHHia JKHJiRH, nporaaAHBaBmia TaEme Ha Ji6y h 
BBCRaxi ero doa$3HeHHaro JiHiHRa. MoaoAoft A^BymRi ciaao ero 
yatacno jRaaB, h OHa enje fffccRoaBRO pa3i ropaio noijtaoBaaa 
peGeHKa. 

— Cama, — osado^eHHO ORaHRHyaa wraTB, npiOTBopaa Aaepb 
H3-L ritaefl,— a *rro ace, BceTaRH, ecTB y ie6a diabe, naaTBHmRH? 

— Ectb, MaMOHRa, Bee ecTB. SI yroBopnaacB cb noApyroft, 
^to ooa Mffi nocai npninaen. KaRi ToaBRO hsi ropoAa noay- 

HHTb — He 8HaK). 

- OiryAa He XHTpo. OreuTb cxoahti, npHHecerB. Ohi sa 
atio past AecaTb bi» ropoA* no6HBaeTB... TyAa no Aoport roc- 
iioj-b uuoro 3HaROMHxi auiBeTB, noMoraioT'B HaifB... ^a k&kb Te- 
nepb th cb HHiTb He BCTpiraaacB? Oh'b b*b Toft CTopoHi BTopyK> 



4 b*l poahobtb yrjy. 171 

fiesta) KOJioCpoflHTB; 6oiocb, Bee co6paHHoe npomerB... CUafo 
CTapmeRi dairb. OffB... 

(tea ho ycniuia AoroBopniB. Bt cira BHxpeirB BJierluia Bapa, 
HarpyneHHaa ysejucajni. IlepesaBi Bee MaTepa, ona onaiB xo- 
rkna ft&ataTB, ho Ab^otba CrenanoBHa noftMajia ee sa pyicy* 

— IIorojH, erosal %o »e Arpa$ena MapKOBHa npo Camy 
cnpamHBajia? 

— CnpamHBajia, h CapHnma cnparaHBaaa, a An^pefl roBo- 
Phtl: a ee bha^tb, RpacaBHija, roBopnrB. 

— Yx.'b AHspeflKa BCiosy ycnftera... Hy, a Capraa BHAfcua? 

— EapuH-B no ABopy xoahtb cb apanHHROMB, MeHa o64- 
n^ajrB co6aKaM2 saipaBHTB. BeaiurB AHApeio 3ai$ny cnycTHTB, 
&a CapnmHa njiasaTB Hanajia, — pacxoxoTaaacB Bapa. 

— #a ^to ae btotb eapHHi — cyMacmeflraifl? Honeiiy ora jiio- 
Aeft xpaBHTL? — BMimajiacL bi pasroBop* Cama. 

— 3jim ohh bc£ Ha MeHa bi> ycaABfii. fl y hhxi ahhh hsi 
napHHKOB'B noKpajia, Aa cTeiura bt> opaHacepei Bu6njna, — o6bac- 
HHJia Bapa, co BHHMaHieBfB cji^aa, RaR* iiaiB AOcraBaoia hsi 
CBepTROBi nafi, caxapx, aapeHHxi itfinmarB, ciaA^ie rapoauui 

H 6yTHJHKy CB MOJIOROM'B. 

— Bora h caMOBapi nocnfcjrB, mosho Aoporyio toctbio nofl- 
HHBaxB, — npepBajna Abaotbh CrenaHOBHa Cojitobhio Bapn, BHOca 
caMOBapx h CTaBs ero Ha ctojfb, — cslahcb, Cama, cb EoaioniRoft 
Bon> Tyn>, no^B ORomerao, h th, Bapioma, hah. Mm cb to6oA 
B^epa paAH roAOBoro npasAHHKa roJiOAajun, a ceroAHa sa to Bora 
BABoe nocjiajn>. 

Bapa HepimHTejiBHO, rciaAa Ha cecrpy, dura okojio Hea. 
Cama cb juacROBoft yjmCROft xoriaa norjia^HTB ea BstepomeHHyio 
rojiOBy h nporaHyjia pyRy, ho xfooua BApyrB Bca CBeaaiiacB, 
h ea jihuo npHHfljio HcnyraHHoe BupaaeHie. 

— %o cb io6oft?~ yAHBHJiacB Cama. 

— fl AynaJia, th MeHa sa Bnxopi OTOApaiB xoiemB, xBopo- 
craHy npnnoMHHJia, — OTBirajia Bapa, — a Hemro a SHaaa, ^to 
th cecTpa. 

— A TenepB, RorAa ysHajia, He 6yAemB co mhoS BoeBaTB? 

— Kojih th MeHa TporaiB He CyAemB — He craHy. A to wbjn> 
a — ApanjiHBaa. MeHa Bci Ha cejri tslkl h soByra: BapBRa-Apa- 
nyHBa. fl HaMeAHH ApHmRi MaTpeHHHoft RaRi MopAy-TO pacno- 
JiocoBaJia, cipacTB, — noxBaciaJiacB AiBO^Ra h bt> AORasaTejiBCTBO 
CBoefi cnocoSHOCTH xortjia bji^hhtb meJiqoKT> MaJieHLKOMy Kojii. 

BosMyn^eHHaa Cama bo Bpeica cxBaTHJia ea pyity. 

— HnRorAa He CMift o6H2taTB 6paTa, HeroAHaa A^BiOHRa, 
HHa^e a Te6a bohi BBimBBipHy, — cepAHto RpnRHyjra OHa. 

Bapa CMipnJia raasaMH BHCORyio $nrypy cecipH h, ohcbhaho, 
coo6pa3HBi>, hto CBJia ho Ha ea cxopoHi, npnnajiacB sa Haft, 






172 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Aaace hh hmo He oSH^aCb orphromb. Bb Heft TBepAO cha'Ijio 
yCiat^eHie: kxo chjichb, xotb h npaB*. 

— Ob B&wb ace imi oxocaaTB mcbmo Ha n<raiy?— cnpociuia 
Cama ? o(5panjaacB rb MaxepH, TaRB yBaeneHHOft naeirB, to OHa 
He 3aMiiTHJia aaace ciOJiRHOBeHia Meatfly cecipaMH. 

— *lepe3B rocnoflCKift flBopt mo«ho, Tairb bb ropoffB tocxo 
nocujiaioT'L. BapBKa, th He cjnaxajia, Kor^a b* ropoAB co6h- 
paioxca? 

Bapn nepeRyBupHyjia cboio HamKy RBepxy ahoatb, noJiosuuia 
ceepxy orpnaoRB caxapy bb 3HaRB Toro, tto ^aennxie rohicho, 
n oTBfcTiina, 6ojrraa Cochmh HoraMH: 

— BapHHB npa MHi CRasaaB AHApeio, ito cam saBTpa no- 

— SaBTpa! — oGpaaoBajiacB Abaotbb CxenaHOBHa* — He 
ycnliemB, noacaayft, HanncaiB-xo, A^roraa,— noayneiajiBHO, noay- 

BOOpOCHT6JTBHO HpnCaBHJia OHa. Y*B OTOHB eft XOT&IOCB, HT06H 

nocKop'be 6ujivl noayqeHH BenjH AO?epn. 

— HanacaiB ycniio, ROHeiHo; pasBi oto jifisrol V Mena Bee 
ecib ^jih nHCBMa, a cb r^mb ero nepecaaiB bb ycaABCy? IIobaho 
xenept, a hoibk) nncaxB 6ysy. 

— Csixy y HacB fffcrB, A&TOHRa, — thxo BHMOJiBHjia MaiB, — 
KOTOpwfi Be^epB 6e3B oraa chahmb, Repociray RynaxB He ea hto. 

Uaina nocninmo Aocxaaa hsb cyMO^KH bc$ 6HBmia y Hea 
^eHBrH h noAaJia hxb Maiepa. 

— IIhcbmo a saBTpa yxpoMB Hannmy,— CRasaaa OHa,— He ao 
CB'fcxa nee no^AyrB bb ropoAB. Th mohji pasCyAHinB, Maiio^Ka? 
BiAB xh, eipHO, paHO BCxaemB? 

— IIItb, MHJiymKa. Mm, KaRB 663Aomhhrh Kaicie, atHBenB. 
^ijiaxB nauB Heiero, kojih cb sapeio BCTaHeaiB, cb4ctb tojibko 
Sojimho npuAeTca, a RycRa-xo noA^acB h4tb, — rpyciHO npons- 
Hecjia Abaotm CxenaHOBHa, h Cama noraaa, hto saipoHyaa 
GojibHyio cxpyHy. 

— JI ]>a36yaty, — BirtmajiacB Bapa,— a paHO oboiib bb cxaAO 

TQEXK), H H HHCBMO CapHHy OTAaMB, OHB HHMO HaCB BB rOpOflB 

— Boxb yiraHi^a CyAemB,— noxBaanjia ee Cama,— cnacnCo. 
^■iBoiKa nrapoRO ynnCHyjiacB. 

— A xenepB a cnaiB noftAy, nopa. #aBaft mh£ KoaBRy, a 
ero 6axt hg 6yAy, — ycnoROHJia OHa cecipy. 

Ta oT^ana eft ApeMaBmaro peCeHRa h ocTaaacB cb MaxepBio. 
PaaroBopB hxb He RJienjuca. Garni xot4jiocb cnaiB. G6hbhhbo 
pa3CKa3UBaa o CBoeft auiSHH bb rHMHasin, o 3aBBajiOBHXB, OHa, 
saKonei^Bj rpoMRO siBHyjua, 

- CnaiB xoneniB, A^TOiRa, — saMixaJia Abaoim CxenaHOBHa 
h npuHecjia MajneHBRyio noAymeiRy bb HHdoft cnmeBoft naBO- 
jioiKi; a cxapoe BaTHoe OAiajno. 



vb POflHOMt yray. 173 

r — Bora tojibko h eciB,— co B3floxoM* CKasaaa OHa,— H yjo- 
jkhtb Te6fl nonoKoflrie ho upHxoAHTca. 

Ora nocrejuiuia o^jio Ha AHBamb, noitftaoBajia aohb, nepe- 
KpecTHJia ee h ynuia. Canrfc noKasaaocB, wo bt> raasax* Maiepa 
6jiecrfjiH cjiesu. OHa cjramajia, KaKB AOJiro MoamjiacL Abaotba 
CienaHOBHa bi CBoeft KaMopiefe, maceJio BSAHxaa, a hotom-l bo- 
ponaaacB Ha H6hctobo CKpnir&Bmeft KpoBara Bhaho, eft 6hjio He 
AO CHa. Cama xoace He MOMa ycHyTB, xora bj> KOMHarl 6hjio 
thxo n yioTHo orb ropanjeft JiaMna^KH, a b-b pacKpuiwa oRHa 
H3T> i^epKOBHaro cana aohocmhcb irtcHH coJiOBBeBi. Cama Jie- 
acajia, He pasAtaaacB, hoajtoxhb'b pyKH hoa'b roJiOBy, h AyMaaa 
ofo omi. Eft BcnoMHHajracb cJiOBa Bapn: cnBamoniKa b^a* owl 
y Haci>>. 

IIpflMO hoa* ORHOirb nocJiBnnajiHCB ibh-to mara. Cama BCTpe- 
BoaceHHo OKjmKHyjua MaTB. 

— Cim, Afoo^Ka, 8to MnxeHTB sbohhtb noman'B, — OT03Ba- 
jiact OHa HaATpecHyTHMT> rojiocoMi, h Cama yC^AMacB, ito OHa 

HJiaTOTB. 

.HtftcTBHTOJiBHo, Hepes* MHHyTKy ryjrco npo8By*ajrb yAap* 
KOJiOKOJia, sanforB Apyroft h TpeTift. Cama noAonua Kb OEHy. 
Ha fiesofijaa^mo-CHHeifB He64 kpotko Mepuara sb^sau, nepejra- 
BancB jiy^aMH; tombem jthuh b*b caAy ctohjih HenoABHacmia, 

CJIOBHO SaBOpOXOHHUH CepeSpHCTHM'L CB'feTOM'B JiyHU. 

— Xopomo-TO Kara Tain>, — noAyMaaa Cama h BuraaHyjia 
sa okho, ho b% Toace MraoBeHie c*b Jievmwb kphkokb OTmainy- 
jiacB HasaA'B. 

— %o cb io6oft, Cama?— CB6e8noKoftcrBOMB cnpocnxa MaTB. 

— Hniero, MauoiKa, jreiyqeS Humn HcnyrajiacB, — oTBiraoia 
OHa, sanHpaa paMy Ha saABHJKKy h cnycKaa saHaBicKy. — A hto 
MnxeHTB HOJiOAOft? — npagaBHJia ona HeMHoro cnycra. 

— B*b cy66oiy cto jAtx CyAerB,— nomynuia Abaotbh Cxe- 
naHOBHa, — axu pa8Bi ero BHAfejia? 

Cama Moaioa. 

— Cama, th, Hoxera, Koro BHAfeaa, — ipeBoacHie saroBopHJia 
MaTB. — BapHHt b^ab Tyn> ?acro no HOiain> maiaeTca, hto6i> 
euy Ao6pa He 6bijio! ftpyaeeH'B oht, cb MnxeHneMi: bhihb, hojho- 
Chjiocb eMy, KaKB crapHKB Ha CBHpfora nrpaerB. MoaterB, th 
ero BHAfcffa, <5apHHa? 

— He 8Haio, — thxo npoHSHecjia Cama, — mh4 noKasaaocB, 
ctohtb kto-to y oraa; MoaerB, npocTO HOMepemHJIOCB... 

Ho eft He noMepenjHJiocL. Bt orh% OHa nyTB He jhhi^omi k*b 
jnmy CTOJiKHyjacB cb mojioahmt>, bhcokhhi GpioHeroirB bb spac- 
HOft mejiROBoft py6anuc&. KaKB orHGMX o6Aaoii MOJiOAyK) ffiBymny 
ero npncrajiBHHft, CJierKa HacMinumBuft BsrjiHA'B, a hotobtb OHa 
BHA^a, KaKT> ofb cb MnxeHieM'B ymejrB bi caA^. OHa bch apo- 
acajra on HeroAOBania... raAOCTB Kanaa, JiasnTB no OKHaMi; hto 



174 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

eny Hy»HO sa^cb, aiOMy c6apHHy»?— BOJHOBajiacB Cama, Bopo- 
qa#cB Ha CBoeMi secTKom Jioati. 

B^pyrB ao Hea AonecjiHCB yHBurue 8ByM CBHpijm h ^bb-to 
ninie. BapxaTHiift CapHroffB lani h paajiHBaJica KpacHBUMH boji- 
uaMii bi 113X0111 BOSflyxi napyiomeft, JiiiHeft how, h K&Bynrea 
neBUJTbHO sacjiymaoiacB, 8a6uBaa CBoft ra^Bi. MenoAHHecm hoth 
ee >6aH)KHBajiH, h oHa csopo sacHyjia. 



eam>e oBem hoai okhoitb paaCywuio ee. Otkphb-b roiasa, 
ohe yBH^ajia nepeA* co6oft Bapio. 

— Hy, Cama, npocHyoiacB, botb h xopomo, a to mh4 ie6a acajsKo 
6hjio 6yflHTB,— CKaaajia A$BOiKa, — Hy, BCiaBaft, hhhih. fl no- 

CMOTpK), KaKl JIIOAHL HHCBMa HHHiyrB. 

Cama nocninrao BCKoraJia, HaKHHyjia o^iflJio Ha njoreiH h, 
:i.« ttjiui H3i> cyMO^KH nncBMeHHUfl npHHaflJiejKHOCTH, cfcjia Kb 
cTo;iy. Ci MHHyiy Bapa CMOTpiaa Ha HenoHarayio pa6oiy, Cb 
YAHBJiemeM'B cjii^a sa nepoifB CHCxpo CKOJiBSHBmHirB no Kpacn- 
BOM V JIHCTKy p030B0ft ho^toboH 6yMarn, ho sarfeMT* eft HaCKyHHJIO, 
h ona yraja Ha kpbijibijo. A y Camn He JiaAMOCB hhcbmo. Oh* 
ne BucnajiacB eme, He ycnina coCpaiB b*b oaho itfuioe cboh Bne- 
T iaT.Tfeaia, a* n Myxn MimaJiH, Kpyammiaca Hafli H6K> i^hitb 
poeM'B. Eft 6esnpecTaHH0 hphxoahjiocb orfHBaiBca orb hxi Ha- 
sofijiHBHX'B npHCTaBanift, *m> ee yxacHO pasxpaauuio. 

Kjpa OHa ycnima HaAHHcaTB KOHBeprB a HaKaemB MapKy, 
i::i irb Bapa cxpeMHTeJiBHO BCiacaJia bi KOMHaxy. 

— AaBaft CKopie, CapHFB iaerB,— saKpHiaJia OHa h, BNXBa- 

TltBT> HHCBMO H3*B pyKfc CeCTpfil, TaiURO 6uCTpO HCTOBJia. 

Cama, cnpaiaBmHCB sa saHaBicKy, nocMOipiuia b*b okho. 
IlepeffB aomoitb tojibko hto nopaBHaaacB n^erojiBCKafl KOJiacKa, 
sanpaateHHaa napoft Bopomaxi noJiyspoBOKi. B*b KOJiacRi ch- 
A^jtb c6apHH , B» b*b KpacHOft py6amKii h nojwflBKb. IIpH bha* 
ero, Bapa hchctobo saiiaxajia pyKaMH h 6pocHJiacB Kb&nnasy. 
BapsHi ocTaHOBHJii Kyiepa. 

— Th Ky^a hoa* JiomaaeS MramBca, pnatift toptchokb? — 
oSpaTHJiCH ohi Kb AiBO^Ki, h no 3ByKy rojioca Cama ysHoa 
b'b HeifB HOiHaro niBi^a. 

— CecTpa Beaijia Ha noity hhcbmo OTBesTB,— cm&io otb4- 
Tiuia Bapa, nporarHBaa KOHBeprB. 

i apHBTB Bdajii ero. 

— Tm... Bejitjia! HonepKi-TO BecBMa HejypeH'B; tbo« cecipa, 
Btuno, rpaMOranaa? 

— OHa b*b rHMHasiH BoceMB jAtb 6HJna, y^eHaa,— ropjo o6i>' 
juuijia Bapa. 

— Oro! 3to ^Mmpia HBaHOBHia AOHKa-io! CjmmHmB, Ah- 
Apeft?— oraecca owb Kb Kyiepy. 



bi POflHOMi* yrjiy. 175 

KpacaBen.^ h, o^eBHAHO, 6apcidS juoSjnfei^B AHApefl yjiH6- 

— SL ee B?epa BCTpfcnurB, noxrauca Ha nee; OTKy^a Taicaa 
KpacaBHD,a BsajiacB... CTaraaa, He bt» nanamy ci> MaMameft Bunuia... 

— Caymaft, nepTeHORi,— onaTB oGpaTHJica CapHHB Kb Bapi,— 
a tboh cedpa xoace pnaum? 

— A th He Cojibho pyraftca-To! fl h caMa pyrayiL nojrynme 
TBoero yniio,— oanHJiacb j$BOHRa, — xotb h puaeaa, Aa He TBoefl 
cjrfcnoft Hera. Caifb th ioprB Rocoaamift! 

— AHApeft, aaft mh6 RHyrB, a ee npoyiy, — khbo noBep- 
Hyjica 6apHHT>. 

Ho BapbKa yate y6i»Ma h, croa sa KaHaBofl b*l 6esonac- 

HOMT> Mtcrt, BMCOBHBaJia H3UK^ h 6paMJiacB CaMMMH oT6op- 

hhmh cjiOBaMH. Ha Hee, Biipo^eirB, hhrto He oGpan^ura BHHHa- 
Hia. AHApeft TpoHyin> Jioma^efi, h RoaacRa, naaBHO noRa^HBaacB 
Ha peccopaxi, noKarajiacb ji,aJibtne. Cama BHA^aa, KaKt 6apHni> 
eme past ocMOTplurB ea hhcbmo h cnpHTajit bt> RapiraHi. Bchom- 
hhb'l ccopy BapH ct> hhicb, OHa yjna6HyjiacB. 

— MojOfteicB A^BOHRa, yirfcerB ce6a otctojjtb h HHROMyRJia- 
HaiBca He craHerB, — MncaeHHO noxBaanuia OHa cecipy n Jieraia 
AOCHnaTB. 

npocHyjracB OHa hosaho. Enao yace orojio nojryjHa. C* Rpn- 
jie^Ka AOHocnjica bt> Roiraaiy ryjii> roJiocoBt. ToponjiHBo o^b- 
dihcb, OHa BHmaa TyAa h yBHAaaa Abaotbio CienaHOBHy, ORpy- 
ateHHyio 6a6aMH, Meamy rotophmh Cuaa n ^apBa. 

RHBHyBi eft rojioBofl, Cama paajtaoBaaacB cb MaiepBio. 

— 3acnanacB, CamypoiRa, — npaaacRaaa ee iiaiB. 

— #a, MaifoiRa, sa to OTAOXHyaa, k&kb caiAyerB. 

— KaR*B He 0TA0XHyTB! JlerKoe jih jtfuio npocnaTB ao 
o6iAa,— yauCaacB, saMfcraaa OAHa uwb 6a6*B. 

Cama nocToajia homhoxro, ho bh^h, hto npn Hell npepBaH- 
Haa 6ec$Aa He B08o6HOBaaeTca, ymaa Bt aomt>. Cropo kt> Heft 
npHimia iiaiB. 

— Th, BipHO, yipoM-B Haft hhtb npaBHRJia, — potfRO cnpo- 
CHJia OHa. 

— HpHBHRjia, npaBAa, ho h oTBHRHyTB Mory, — Beceao CRa- 
sajia Cama,— bot*b ho4ctb mh* xorarca! 

— HaKopMHTB Te6a, AfcroiRa, ecTB vbwb. CeroAHa cb yipa 
AoCpne jiioah, RaR* ysHaan, hto ro MHi jspmae^ npamaa, TaKL 
rocTHHi^eBi) npHHecJiH. MaiymKa CaHOiRy BapeHBa npacaaaa, a& 
npocBHpoRB; Arpa^ena MapROBHa— MOJioiRa, 6iJiaro xjii6n;a, 
Rpynn a* nmeHa, 6a6o?RH SHaROMHa rto anqeRi, rto Kyponcy, 
Bcero npHHecJin... C*b He^BKy noacHBeMt. TaicB to, A^oiRa, 
CBirL He 668^ ao6phx*b aio^efl... ?to ace Te64 MOJio^Ra a&tb, 

HJIH XSneKb CBapHTB? 

— Jly^me yai MOJioiRa Aaftxe, — pinrauia Cama. 



afr. 



/ 



J 



176 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— CeftiacB, MHJiymKa, npHHecy. ^a bote enje Ha^o Ba- 
pfomsy kb Aaeirfc KannioHOBHi noanaTL; aro apeHAaTopu-Kynipr 
rjTb acmyrB Hex&seRo: MaTB ci> chhomb. OHa Ao6paa Taicaa, 
ysHaera, tto tw npnmjia, tojrc hto HnCyAB AacrB. 

— TocnoAH! Maaioraa, a» Heyacejra omy HeJiBsa Kaicoe hht- 

6yAB MiCTO B8OTB, HT06B H6 BHnpaiHHBaTB nOJ&HWb?— BOCRJIHR- 

Hyjia Cama nyTB He co coiesaun. 

Abaotbh CienaHOBHa yAHBjreHHO nonwAifla Ha nee. 

— MooiOAa tbi enje, A^o^Ra! noacmemB, loace nofiAemB 
cnHHy rHyiB, a* BunpamHBaTL... Mtdo! He npo Hamero Cpaia 
oho, irtcTO-TO oto! Th AyMaeniB— JierRO omy xoahtb coCnpaiB? 
#a b^ab bb oahomi jsflvb eiiy mmocthhio noAaAyTB, a H3B TpexB 
bb sameH BHTOJiKaiorb. HaiieAHH HanrB 6apHHB ero iyTB naeiBio 
ho BHTanyji'L. Hemio JierRO TepniTB bto Ha ciapociH jtItb? ohb 
ace ABop^HHETB... #a He Ha p^aocib kaiTb bhiujio Hame ABopjra- 
cibo. A H%CTy kto ace 6h He pajvb!.. MoaoHRa-To npHHecra Te64? 

— Hiroero He xony,— ynaBniHMB tojuocoitb OTOsBaaacb Cama, 
saRpHBaa Jirn^o pyRam. 

— *Ito ace iaRB, AfrroHRa? Mojiohro xoaoAHoe. Biraefl, poA- 
Haa! PacTpeBOJRua & ie6a, MHJiymRa; uojiho, ho HJiaiB, — jiacROBO 
menraaa MaiB, rjiaAa KpacHByio, ne^ajibHO noHHRmyio roJiOBKy. 

Ho Cama Hoaiajia. Abaotbh CienaHOBHa npimecjia RpyacRy 

Cb MOJIOROMB H HOCTaBHJia Ha CTOJIB. 

— Btraeft, rffaoraa, ouierHeTB orb cepAija, — yroBapmaaa 
OHa, — a hotoitb noftAem cb cecipaMH noBHAaeMca. 

— Cb cecipaMH? — cb HeAoyirtHieifB cnpocnaa Cama, — a& 
rA& ace oh$? 

— A Ha norocrfc-io, roJiy6ymRa, Bee xotb MorMRaMB horjio- 

HHlHBCa. POAOMB 064 CXOpOHOHH, HOAB OAHHMB RpedHROMB. Kpe- 

cthrb-io ^MHTpift HBaHOBHHi cairB xfruuiB... Xortjn, 6UJHO CTO- 
jrapy saRasaTB, ja totb Aoporo sanpocMB, iaRB cam h ca&- 
jiajrb. Hioma nepe3i jipb HeAfoni nocafc cMepra cecipu Kara no- 
Mepjia. 3raa 6ujia jrioiaa, icaiejiH Ra»ABrft aghb, crirb ray6o- 
Rift... a y HacB ApoBHmeRB He 6hjio... hctohhtb HeniirB. Hioma 
nomjia bb yca^b6y HcnpocHTB apobb, Horn npoMOHHiia, cana hb- 
safijia... wl oahohb njiaTbHimci 6iraJia. J^obi> nairb a&a&> & OHa 
CBaJiHJiacb. BapHHB $3ahjtb Ka^wfi a^hb, Jii^HJii> ee, h^tb, bhaho, 
orb ciiepTH yflTH He jnenco. 2Chbo cropijia... A yacb KpacHBa-TO 
6ujia! 3arjiaA*Hle! CiaTHaa, BbicoKaa, rjiasa Sojibmie, qepHbie, 
cjiobho 6apxaTB, Roca en^e ^JiREBie TBoeft 6bijia, pobho sojioto, 
CBiuiaa. Botb KoJiBRa Ha Hee noxoacb... ^a! Rpacoia-io ee n 
cry6ajia ? npH (^ahocth KpacoTa tojibro Ha rpixB,— rjiyxo saROH- 
HHJia Abaotbh CienaHOBHa, orapaa o6njibHbia cjiesu. 

— noTOMy ace? — He nonajia Cama. 

MaTb oniflHyjiacB Ha ABepb, h ito-to yj^HBHTejibHO-CTpaHHoe 
npovejiBKHyjuo bb ea fijiyacAaion^eMB bsoaa^- 



Vb POflHOM* yriy. 177 

— BapHH* hbhtb Tyri sairtmajica-. HpHrjiaHyjiacB euy Hsoma, 
a OHa A^BTOHRa MOJionaa,rJiynaa... Grana RaacAHfl aghb b*b ycaABfiy 
xoffHTB; nnpu Ta*n> CapnHB cb cbohitb npiaxexeMB AnnpeflKoft 
sajiaBaji'L. Hy, xoAMa, xoahm, a& Kor^a cnoxBarajiacB, yaci 
AiJia ho nonpaBHmb. Bc6 Ha cent sanpnuiiTfljiK. Bb ijepsoBB 
Botkuo noKasaTBCH He cirfuia: 3acM$aM ee... Xoponio, Tochoab 
Ha Hee orjiaHyjica, npnSpajrB, on cpany H36aBHJTB. Ka6a enje 
irtcaua ABa noscraa— C^a-Si 6tuia! Ky^a pe6ensa A&BaTB? 
Orei^B 6h ee npoRjrajrB, a* cb nras-B coraaJTB... Haioro owb He 

8HaJTB— CTaCTBC... 

— A Kara OTsero yifepna? — nepeSMa ee Caina, nyBCTBya, 
hto KaKOft-TO cipaHHHft ncnyrB nepeAaerca eft otb MaTepn, 
mo ceftqacB OHa paspu2(aeTCH. 

— Kara-To? Hy, OHa cb poacneHifl xraaa, jp TpexBJifrrB cha*- 
Roft 6biJia, a TavB nocroaHHO to Ha 6okb, to Ha cnaay acaiioBa- 
jiacB. Eft yKB TaKB Ha poAy 6mo HanacaHO— yiiepeTB... 2Utb- 
to eft xopomo 6mo. Bapuna, *to B3HJia ee bb ycjiyaceHie, jipo- 
6ajia ee, lepHoft paSora He AaBaaa. Toabro Bcero jftm, hto 
nocrejib onpaBHTB, GapuHfo npaqecaTB, a* craaTB Roe-iro. Ha 
rope npitxana HacB npoB^AaTB, a Ha cejit RaRaa-To xaopB xo- 
Aaaa, kb Heft npHBflsajiacB. A chjm-to y hoa hh RpomeiRB He 
6amo, Aa bb nowh xojio^... TaKB h noiiepna. 

— B%ahhh, — BupBaaocB y Canra. Oaa aanaoK-B BHaaia mo- 
jdloko n BCTajia. 

— Ky^a ace tu, Caraa? — oRjrnRayjia Ma?s. 

— Bb cajjB... MHi jryoiHO,— ejie BHtfoiBHJia Caina, nocrioiTO 
ha* Kb ABepn. 

— Bi caA*! A Ha noroanb-To?— cb kpotrhm* ynpeROM* npo- 
H3necjia Aaotba CTenaHOBaa. 

— nocJrt... aHeiiory ceftiacB, MaMO^Ka!— BCKpHKHyjiaCaina, 

H HOHTH (ftrOlTB 6pOCHJiaCB H3B AOMa. 

KaJiHTKa, BeAyn^aa bb ca^B, 6ujia sanepTa, ho Cama 6e3B 
ipyAa nepenpHrayjia repeal HHBeHBKyro RaifeHayio orpaAy h 
npomna wi rjiyCuHy. TairB Cktjio thxo h npoxnaAao. CaieTiniHca 
b4tbh jiottb He nponycRaaa cojraeraBix* Jiyqeft, a bb hxb Tina 
rycio paspociiHCB chpqhh, jrbmohoctb, po3Bi a MajiBBu. Bb Tpast 
MejiBRaJia pa3H0i^BiTHBrH tojiobkh RamKH, kojxorojtb^hrobi, po- 
HaaiRH h RypocJiiaa; r^jrue poH mothjibkobb hochjihcb HaA*B 
hhmh. Ho Cama HHiero He sasrhiajiau YS^AacB, hto ee hhrto He 
bhahtb, OHa 6pocHJiacB Ha aesuiH) h, crphb-b jihijo bb rycToft, 
AyniacTOft TpaB'6, Aaaa nojiayro bojto cbohitb CJi93aMT>. Eft 6mo 
HeBHHOCHMo aajB cecT8p*B, oco6ohho Hioniy, a raaBHoe, ataiB 
ce6a. Carat RasajiocB, tto Km Hea KoaqaJincB CTOCTJiHBHe, 6e3- 
saSoTBHe Aaa, h OHa psrAana, RaR-B 6<MyMaaa, h 6aiacb roJiOBoft 

30MJIK). 

Ito cHacTBio, h^itb 6ypH*e nopwB^ rop*, rtitfi offB CRopte 

M8 0T X ii«T. 12 



178 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

npoxo^HTi.. TaKt 6hho h cb Gameft. $H3HqecRaa ycraaocTB cirl- 
HHJia en cjcesH, h OHa MOjrea aeacajia, saKHHyBB pysn hoab ro- 
jiobv, cosepmeHHO 6esy*iacTHaa h paBHOAynmaff ro BceMy, He 
ofipanjan BHHMama Ha T6MH$iomie npocB^ru jihitb h HapoBHufi 
posoBHfi oTfijiecKi saxoAflniaro cojmn;a, o6jraBmaro Tpaey h Bep- 
xymKH ^epeBLeB'B. 

FpoMKiS roJOCB Bapn saciaBHJTb A^Bynmy bhAth hsi sa- 
6utm. Oaa noAHHJiacB h, BH6paBmHCB hsb nam*, jihaomb rb 
mm? cTOJiKnyjiacB cb cecrpofi. Ta ee orjiflfflma cb yAHBJieHieMB. 

— Hot Te6a MaxB OTiysHJia sa ito HeCysB? — cnpocHJia OHa. 
Gam a mapoRO pacRpHJia raasa. 

— Mesa? MaTB? #a th ctyMa comaa! 

— Oxnero ace th njianajia? A a AY MaJia > MaTB nodnjia. 7 
eacL ABfl^iHxa cboio CoJiBmyio aohb bo-o-otb KaKB JiynarB... crpaciBL 
II MeHJi MaiB 6b6tb Roe-RorAa,— 8aaBHJia Bapa. 



Ab^otbh GtenaHOBHa XAaJia Gamy cb odiflOMi, no Ta hh ao 
qero He AOTpoHyjiacB h, bhah, ito coxsnfi cfcno, o6paTnoiacB rb 
Maiepa cb npocBCoft hath Ha norocrB. 

Abaotbji GienaHOBHa ceitaacB me ciaora co6npaTBca; HaA^a 
Ha nJie^H cTapaHHyio majiB, Ha rojiOBy TeMHuft naaTOieRB h o6b- 
ABHJia, hto roxoBa. Cama ABHHyaacB 6hjio bb nyTB f ho MaTB 66 
ocxaHOBH.ua. 

— IHjmnKy HaA*HB, Ad nepnaTRH,— CRasaaa OHanpoeammrB ro- 

JIOCOMB, — H^TH MHMO 6aTH)mRH HpHA6TCa, HyCTB HOCMOTpaTB, Ra- 
RyiO A OapLIIHHK) BHXOAHJia! 

Cama cb rpycraoft yjraCRoft Hcnoamma bto sesame, h o6i 
OTnpaBHJTHCL AaJiBme. 

CnycTHBmHCB no Aopori, yae SHaROMOft Cami, Abaotbh Ct6- 
DaHOBHa noBepHyjraHayseHBRyio TponHHRy, BeAymyio r*b AOMy cbh- 
n^eHHHEa. Tasrb, Ha CajncoHi 6JiaroAymecTBOBajm sa naeMB 6a- 
TiomKa h MaxyniRa, o6a BecBMa RpynHHX'B pastffcpoBB. MaTymRa 
raKB h BDHJiacB jueo6ohbithumh roiasaMH b*b Gamy npn ea npn- 

Ab^otbh CxenaHOBHa noAomna rb CajHROHHHRy. 
- 8^] ancTByftTe, MaTymRa OjiBra BacMBeBHa, iaeRB Ha bos- 
Ayxi RymaeTO, xopomaro BaMB anneTHTa, — CRasaaa OHa CJiaA- 
kqmb roJioCKOMB, HH8R0 RJnaHHflCB. — RaRB BAopoBBe Bame? Eaa- 
roAapio ooKopno sa BapeHBHije h npocBHpoiRH. #aft BaMB IV 
cnoAH Ao6paro sAopoBBH, hohijih BaMB D^apHDia HeCecnaa saBamy 
Ao6poxy, OjiaroAiTejiBHHi^a, hto He ocxaBJineTe MeHH, ropBRyio. 

Qua HD3K0 HORJiOHHJiacB on£TB. 3aBHA%BB SaTfomRy, BUrJlH- 
HyBmaro na Gamy HSB-sa mnpoRoft $Hrypn MaxymRH, OHa npo- 
Bopno iuv],;Kajia Ha SajiROHiHRB, cnoacHJia pyRH tropcTOHROfl* h 



BT> POflHOlTL YTJLY. \. ' ') 

TiM-B ase cjiajpcHMi rojOLOCROMfc, xryieft 6ojibio oTSHBaBmeifca kb 
cepTOi Aonepn, nporoBopHJia: 

— BjnarocjiOBHie, 6aTK>mRa. 

H sbohko ^MOKHyjia CJiarocjioBJWiom.yK) pyRy. 
MaTynnca vb CHHCXOAHiejiBHoft yjratfRoft noirfuiOBajiacB c& 
ABAOTtefi GxenaHOBHoft. 

— 9to hto ate — Bama ao^Ka? — cnpocHJia om, He6pe»H0 rh- 
Bafl Ha Gamy, 

— ^OHKa, uaTynuca Oju>ra BacnjiBeBHa, Aoraa. Cama, hoah 
cio^a, 6jnarocJiOBeHLJi nonpocH y oma HmtoJiaa,— He m4hhh sByKa 
rojioca, CKaaana Abaotbh CienaHOBHa. 

BHyrpeHHo npoRJUHHaa ce6a sa aceaaHie hath Ha norocro, 
Cama CAlaajia hJcrojibro manm Bnepej* h noRJiOHmacB. 

— ^to ae BH? OCHaCTJUHBBTe— BOlliHTe,— ne 6e8*B haobhto- 
cth nprnuracraa MaxyniKa, — He 6yx&Te TasHMH ropAHMH. 

Cama Bomjia. 

— 3xpaBCTByftTe, 6aiiomKa, — CKasajna OHa, nporarnBafl eiry 

pyKy, — BU MGHfl, BtpHO, H6 HOHHHTe? SL BiffB B0C6MB jAn He 

6ujia AOMa. 

BanomKa hto-to npoMBinajTB. Abaotm CienaHOBHa aepHyjia 
AOHB sa MaTBe. 

— BiiarocjioBeHBe npoca, — meirayjia OHa, — Henrro co cbh- 
n^eHHHRaMH sa pysy sAopoBaroTcal 

Cama, He cayman, o6paiHJiacB Kb MaiyniKi: 

— 3ApaBCTByftie, OjiBra BacnjiBeBHa, 6jaroAapio BacB sa 
BapeHBe. 

MaxymKa hgxoth AOTpoHyaracB ao npoTHHyiofl efl pynn. 

— He 3Haio, yro^HJia-JiH BaifB BapeHBeirB, b4a* bh TenepB 
TaKaa cB^iCRaa A^BHija CTaJia. 

— A bh, MaiymKa OjiBra BacMBeBHa, He cyAHie ee ciporo,— 
BMiraajiacB Abaotbh CienaHOBea, — nsB^CTHoe Aiao, mojioaoctb — 
oynodB! B$a* ckojibko jrbrh Ha Hyacofi cropofffc nposHJia Cess* 
Maiepn, a qyxie-TO jiioah pasB* Ao6py HaynarB? Hmb 6bi bcb 
Ha CMix-B hoah^. 

— MaMO^Ka Ha KJiaAfinme onosAaeMB: tomho ciaHOBHTca, — 
nepetSma Cama, bba£, hto MaiymKa Ha Hee rochtch h jsfixe 
He npeAaaraeiB, icTB. 

— %o«e caMi> xaK-B naraa ROMnaniH He HpaBHTca, — Rpmo 
ycM^xHyjiacB nonaABa. — KoHe<rao, mh bb ryfiepmH He XHBein>. 
KaKoft HHTepecB cb Ham! HaMi He ao HayRH, npociHirB jho- 
Asmi, He ao y^eHuxi pasroBopoBi... Ectb vbm> saRyceTB, Aa 
bo ^to oa&tbch— h sa to Bora 6JnaroAapHMx, no Rpafaeft irtp* 
no ^yacHMB ABopam sa MHJiocTHHefl He no6npaeMCfl. 

Cama Bcniixnyjia, PisRift OTBirB totobb 6hjtb cJiertTB cb 
ea Tj&b, ho, yBHAaBi ncnyraHHyio h npHHH«eHnyio $nrypy Ma- 

12* 



180 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

leps, oea MOjm noacaaa nae^aifH h, 6tiCTpo coftfla cb CaaKOHa, 
nanpacnjiacb ojgaa Kb Kzapfimny. 

— HmB, Kaicaa rop^HEa!— jOHecaocB saifiiaHie nonsmtH, — 
6hjo-6t. cb Hero hocb nojHHMaTB. 

— OjiBra BacHJiBeBHa, MaTymKa, He rrfraaftTecB Ha nee, npo- 
ciHie oynyio, Henrro OHa noHHMaerB, raKB cb jhoabmh roBO- 
pHTB ? — MaaajiacB Abaotba CienaHOBHa, noHHMaBinaa boo hobh- 
roAj MaxymKHHaro raW, — npocrare. By^Bie mmocthbh, Cuiaro- 
^TejiiiHHjtajBacBrocnoflBHarpajprrBH IJapima HeCecHaa saBamy 
tfoCpoty... EanomKa, oieipb HHKoaaft... Hemro ona noHmcaen.- 

Abaoxba CienaHOBHa sanaaKaaa. 

— Jifi hto th, Abaotba CienaHOBHa, mh Ha ie6a ne cep- 
naeMTi, — CKasaai 6anoinKa, Boo6rn,e oranaBmiftca 6oaBmeft Manco- 
cepAciHOCTBio, niicB MaiyniKa,— a Hexopomo, npaBja, b% larax* 
mohoamxb irinax'B HenoTreHie k-b ciapmHHi... onaiB-ace no#B 
6jiarocjioBeHBe He nojonuia! 8xo— ropAOCiB, rpte'B... A Bory-io 
ona y ie6a MOJraica? Hhh£ MOfla nomaa He iioaHTBca, iaRB OHa 

H6 H3B TaKHTB-JIH? 

— Moanica, 6anomKa y oieifB HsKoaaft! Eft Bory, MoaHiea! 
^a o6h OHa He MoanaacB, 10 a 6h ee Ha noporB He ny- 
ciiiaa... HpociHie, Maiymna OaBra BacHj&eBHa, — onaiB nyiB 
He &q 3%ujai HOKJiOHHJiacB Abaotba CienaHOBHa. 

nonajBa, HaKOHei^'B, ciffcHHJia rafanb Ha khjiocib. 

— Mh4 ito ae Ha BcaKyio apaHHyio xfoiOHKy cepjHTBea, 
ce6a paacipaHBaiB, mh4 na Hee HanaeBaiB, — acasaaa OHa npn- 
TBopHopaBHOflymHHirB lOHOifB, HaanBaa ce6i aecaiyio nsm&j 
^aa,— a Te64, Abaotbh CienaHOBHa, a Bcer^a paja, th — aeH- 
n;aiia vMHaa. Tbi ee noacypn xopomeHBRO, Ha to th mbtb... EciaiH, 
a xorijia 106*6 citaaaiB, y iioero CanoniKH hocrh hshochjihcb, 
latex a Te6i jam 6yMara, th cb CBoeft repijoraHeft n noBamaie. 
Bi^b see paBHO BawrB fffcaaTB Henero. 

— Henero, MaiyniKa OaBra BacHJiBeBHa, He^ero, — nocni- 
nraaa coraacniBca AB^oiBa CienaHOBHa, oCpa^OBaHHaa Tin, 
hto ccopa KOH^etfa. 

MaxymKa laateao Bdaja H^epes* h^ckojibko BpeneHH nps- 
HGCJia 60JIBffl0ft motok*b 6yMarH. 

— Botb, — CKasaaa ona, oiflaBaa, — ryrB nora Ha noajioaui- 
bHj a noioirB eme j&wb. Hy, TenepB h^h, cbok) yroHyio floro- 
Eaft- Kan HH6yAB OAHa 3axoflH, qaftKy nonBein». 

Hh3B0 oiKnaHaBinHCB, AB^oiBa CienaHOBHa nocnimnjia k'b 
Cami. Ta yace doaaa cpe^H Monurb, oatH^aa icaiB. 

— Hy h aaBase aia nonajjjBa, — 3aroBopnaa OHa, noflxoaa,— 
yxt Tasaa-TO a^OBHTaa, cjiobho air&a noAKoao«Haa. HmB, th! 
Eanomrji oGHOCiuica; hockh eMy CBaatH aa^apoMx! HfcrB, hio6h 
eomo^il CiftHOft a:eHmaH4; cb Hnn^aro cyny hopobhtb cian^nTB. 
JKajipiomaji! Y,-y... ^Tofi^B eft... CorpimBmB cb Heft, OKaaHHoft... 



Wb POflHOMT* yrjiy. 181 

— 3aTfcm> JKe bh Tam npocnjm n RJiaHajracB,— Haywaiac 
Cama. 

— TaMi-TO? ArB, A*TOHRa! #a He hokjiohhcb hitb, ohh 
SHBBeirB cbbRBTb... H TH HanpacHO noropAraacB, Camypo*Ra, 
noRb 6jiarocJiOB6HBe 6u noAoraaa, OiiBri BacHJiBeBHi pysy-fo 
non^JiOBajia, 0Ha aeHmnHa ciapaa. YBaacMa 6ti hxi, cmot- 
pmoB, — Korja 6u toAroitb nonoHJra, Kor^a 6m ofii^aTB nos- 
BajiH, rocTHHeiVB, Moater*, RaRoft miCyAB A*™ 6s... 3-8X1, 
fliiOHKa! Bt> 64ahocth ne noRaoHHmBca— He npoacHBerat, a 
idB RaacgOMy xorarcal Bora Hioma xoace ropAaa Cfcuia... a* 
pa8B$ jyqme bhhuio? ToffB ho^th b*b ycaflBSi npoJKHJia, cHa- 
nana-TO cjhlako RasaaocB, a nocjrfi, Ry^a rbr'b ropBRO npmn- 
jiocb... TaR^-TO, MHJiymRa, a cb horjiohob^ Te6a He ytfyAera, — 
saRjuouaa Mara, ocraHaBjrHBaacB y 6ojamoft, csixeH Hacuira 
now* rpy6BiMi> RpecTOirB.— Botb oh4 06*1, Kawoma h Htome^Ra, 
Afcroran moh cepAenHua!.. 

OHa 3anJiasaJia h ciajia Ha rojAhh. Cama noorfcAOBajia ea 
nprniipy h ciajia HHTaiB npo ce6a saynoROfiHHH mojihtbki. Rpy- 
roMi> Bee 6hjk> inipHO h TopacecTBeHHo. Tojibro Ha COC&AHeiTB 
Kpecrt Becejio TOpHRaooi pph RaRia-TO chpem>Kia hthirh, a& otb 
Bfepa irbpHO KOJiBixaJiHCB Taxearaa tojiobrh TaTapmiRa, mimHO 
paspocmaroca Ha jut&jsfimnfh. Cama nepeciajia mojihtbch, crapaacB 
BH3BaTB B'B HaHflTH otfpaat KpacaBHU&i COCTpH. Ha MHHyxy eft 
RasaoiocB, iro'oHa mhcjighho yjioBHJia ROHTypi 6jr6AHaro mojio- 
Aoro Jran,a cb lepHUMH rjiasaim n sojiothctoS roco&, ho ohhtb 
Bee pascfeaorocB, h OHa BCTaaa cb KOJrtm>. 

— A th h He nonjiasajia, Cama, — ynpeRHyaa ee MaTB, npaxa 

B'B KapMaHt MORpuft OTB CJS681» HOCOBUft HJiaTORX. 

■ — B4ab a hxi He SHajia, Manoraa, — rpotro sairfcTHJia Cama. 

— TaRi-TO TaRB, a BceiaRH — CBoa rpobb, — npo6opMOTaiia 

»TB. 

EorAa oh4 hopobhhjihcb cb aomoitb 6aTiomRH, j?Cama ipe- 
bojkho nocMCipijia Ha CanROEraHR'B. TaifB, Kb ea yAOBOJiBCTBiio, 
hhrok) He 6hjio. Ho sa to hx-b oxHAaaa Apyraa Bcrpiraa. He 
ycnira oh4 noBepHyTB Ha ropy, RaRi cb Mocia cBixasa ro- 
jLacKa, h <6apHHi)>, cHA^Bmift b*b Heft, noKJiOHHJica Canrl, rjiaAa 
Ha Hee b% ynop*B. ^iBymKa BcnuxHyjia. He oiBi^aa Ha no- 
rjqloh^, oHanpoAOJiaajia hath BnepeA*. Ho Abaotba CTenaHOBHa 
HORJioHHaacB hohth ao 86MJIH. AHApeft pacxoxoiajica h Haciiim- 
jihbo B8raaHyjrB Ha Camy. Ta noCjiiAHiJia orb rnlBa. 

— 51 CAaJi* Bame hhcbmo Ha noTry, — RpHRHyjfB 6apHH , B, 
nopoBHaBmncB cb Heft h cHOBa cHHMaa ^ypaacRy. 

Cama OTBepHyaacB, h ROJiacRa 6hctpo noHecJiacB bi ropy, 
AHApeft h4ckojibko pasi o6epT£iBaxca HasaAB, h Cama pascoiu- 
majia, Kairt oht> cRasaxi: 

— Cjiobho n;apHAa haoti... Aft a& ABmrplft HBaHOBH^tl 



82 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Oea npocio Chm-Ch roiOBa npH6sTB aepsRaro Ryiepa h ero 
CapHea. 

Axi, offB KaR% OKMHHHfi, — paspasnaacB Abaotba Cie- 
nanoBna no aspecy AHflpea, Rorfla noaacRa CRpnaacB hs* raasi, — 
HaOanoBMH ero rocno.ua noaoyMHHe. 

— #a saiiurB ace bh tbkl hhsko RaaHaaHCB btomj ihuib- 
HHmKi?— saMiraaa Cama, 

— fl?— oioponima MaTB HaMHHyTy, — H*rb, th wri ckjush, 
cl iero 3T0 6apHH*B BSAyMaat ci> to6o&-to RaaHaTBca? Cmotph, 
th y Meed, Canrca, no HiomRi He noftftH... Tojiocb ea iiaifiHiuica, 
h bt> rjiaaaxi onaxB noaB&nocB xo-ace crpaHHoe, fijiyatjaiomee 
BHpa^enie, icoiopoe pasi y&e aairfiTHaa Cama. 

,l;ii.n mKa jaxe ocTaHOBHaacB. 

— Bean bh mh% enje pas* CRascere nosodnoe,— ejie bhmoji- 
BEJia oa a, Aposa orb ocRoptiaeHia, — a ceftiacfc se yftjy on 
sacB* 

— TocnoflB ct> ToCoft, Cama, hto bto th?— HcnyraaacB Abao- 
tm CxenaHOBHa,— Hy npocra, Roan a, roiynaa, He Tax* *rro CRa- 
saaa. IHab MaiepHHCRoe cepwe Bcero 6onrca... JIfljYb gonera 
cx<tpi ut HJia, TaKt aa tpotbio-to pass* Ayma He 6oann? Tochoah! 
l^apnua HeCecHaa! b*ab h TaRi ckojibro MyRH HaffB BaMH npn- 
Hs.ua. Haffb MaaeHLKHMH HOiefi He Aocnnaaa, qacy cnoKofrnaro 
ne BHjvhua, HaA*B CoatnmMH eme Toro xyse. noxynnca-TO, 6h- 
Baao, on caesx MOKpexosMca ciaHen, Bee 061 tfac& y&raaaacB, 
rojn.Kaji! Efaaa-TO naiB bo bck) »hbhb caeraHRH He npopoHHTB, 
a Mnli tojbro h BumjiH Ha aojuo Myita MyiemiiecRaa, a& rope 
ropbKoe,— npHHHxajia OHa, Burapaa caesH. 

(OnoHHanie cjmdymm). 

A. IlioTpoBCRan. 



KOHEEfl) CTAPHHH. 

IIojih Eyp/ia. 
Uepeeodz ci fppanuyscKaio. 

XIX. 

CiapHfl BopoAa^t chahtb Ha xepeBAHHoft CKaicbi nepe^b ao- 
moitb Typpo. BeceHHee cojrane passepHyjio norai Ha ^epeBbaxt, 
h ciapHKB rpieica hoab ero acHHini jyiatfH. IIoao6ho muraHicfe, 
nBion^euy hocjtIahiok) pioxRy, ohb CMaKyerL npeRpacHHfl: aghb, 
BAHxafl nyxHufi atHBHxeJiBHHi Boa^yxTb, npo6yKAaK)n^ift pacieHia 

OrB 8HMHATO CHa. OffB oGbOAKFB B3I , JIflAOM'B ABOp*, Tft^ HpOTOKJia 

ero XH3HB, KepeBBA, Biipocmia Ha ero raasaxi, bhihhk), ROTopyro 
oht» npHHecb ex ropu, Kor^a poahjicji y Hero curb, h ki> roto- 

pofi HOTOlfB HpHBHJTB OTBOAOKt OTB HCHaHCROft BHIHHH. B*B Ty 

nopy ciapufl EopoAaYB Chjtb mojioa'b h cues* h ne Hyamanca 
Bt Hyson xjriMSi; BmneHRa 6biJia He TOJun;e pyRoara mothrh, a 
Typpo Chjtb RpacHeHBRoft nrryHRoft, KOTopaa tranjajia b*b rojbi- 
6ejra h Ha ROTopyio OTei^b tslejs^jli> <vb H$ROTopoft Tpesoroft. Te- 
nepB BHmHfl ciana tojicthmtb .nepeBOMt, Ha ROTopoe BjritaerB #io- 
bohb, RorAa nocnfeora hjioah; Typpo yxe He nepBofi mojioaocth, 
a ctapuft BopoAani— 6%AHuft cxapHRi, pasfiHTHft, HeMon^Hiift, 
6e8CHjn>HHa, am icoioparo jrhshb — cnjiomHaa Myna h qse cep^e 
6ojn>me HcxomaHO, vbin> RanHH Ha Aoporl. 

Ohx Meqiaert 06% BrafiaBJiemH. Ecjeh cicepTB He xoiero npHAra 
sa hhmi,, to ohb cam noftAerB kt» Heft HaBcrpfriy; Ha aio oh*b 
TBepAO pinnuica. 

Enje bb axo caHoe yTpo BiaHa ycipoMa eMy oAHy hsi itob 
cuflwby KOiopiM am Hero 6oja>Hie nodtoeBB. 3aBTpaKajra, h oitb 
oariunwica btophiho cnpocHTB noxjie6RH« 

— Hy, Hy,— CRasajia OHa eMy,— y Bacb CojAshb jihchuh, 
Roxopoft xoneica cb^ctb KypHijy. IIo Bameft pa6ort & oAHoft 
naniKH npeAOBOJiBHo! 

Xjb46b, Koiopufl eMy AaiorL, CTajrb cjihuikomb ropBKmrt h ho 
HAen eMy b*b ropao. Kara xopomo 6yAen> Ha RJitytfnntfi, rflfc 

HiTB HH RpHROBB, HH HOHpOROBi; RaRfB TaifB IIORO&HO! Ho OWb 






164 PyCCKOE BOPATCTBG. 

ae xoneTi> yMepeTL 6ez% OTOMmema,H o^a mhcjib BepHyxB CBOefl 
Befit ctk% ii ne^ajuH, roxophmh OHa ero HSBopjjia, sacxaBjraerB 
ero uoaafiHBaTB o hhxx h BusuBaen 6oiiAByio yoiu6Ky Ha ero ryfoi. 

Qn% yraAant, nero OHa xonerB. Oht> cjiymaorB Bee, hto tobo- 
jjw.iij ;:pyrie, Kor^a, cbaa BeiepoMi y oraa c*b MaJieHBRHifB 3Ka- 
LCiM'i-MapH Mex^y KOJiiB'B, ohb Kasaoica bhojib4 noiuiomeHBBiMfc 
GectAOK) ci> bbhi. Ohb 8aMiiHJLB Bet cxapaHia BiaHH jpa npn- 
BJie'ieuia ki ce6i oma. Cxapiifi xosahhi MioseJieBEH cmxajTB 
c€&:j nepa8pHBHO CBasaHBHMi cb aomomb cbohxt> npeAKOBi, ho 
OBa ^IficTBOBaJia xaKB jiobro, hto TenepB — EopoaaTB yBipeaB, — 
obb KOjieCjueTca, He noRHHyiB-JiH eiiy CBoe XHjmme. 

Ha Mio8ejieBKy HacoiaHa nopna. OHa BOcnoJiBSOBajiacB bxhmb 
xaKB ECKycHO, hto yCiAHJia exapHEa, 6yAxo ero jsflwb npouLSTB 
e AOJixeHi eMy onocnurfciB. 

Hbkio ne BHAiJH AOMOBoro, Roiopuft sanjiejii rpsBy y ro- 
OHJibi; ho hbrto He pimajica yiBepxAaTB, hxo ero He cyme- 
ciByei-b, TepMerra n ^pancyasa He CMtioix xoahxb hohbio hh b* 
pm y, hh Ha norpe6B, Coacb ero BcxpixHiB, a 06a Mioseu s 
cauja ue jaoieRH oxi> xoro-xe cyeBipHaro cipaxa. fyrb ciapim 
BO&pOAHJsca bi KajiaHApi; sa HCRJU0HeHieMT> MapRa h Mexpaaa, 
Bci BepnyjiBCB rb cxapHHHHMB npeApascyARaMB. H rto ae mofb 
ocnapuBaiB hxi npaBOTy? 

II] eatje Bcero, mojioro CTaoio RHCHyTB nepesi h4crojibro mh- 
uyn. nocjrfc AoeHia, xaRi *xo He ciajio hh Macna, hh cjihbokb. 
Ho ran KacajiocB, rnBHiurb odpasoiix, acefinpHB h 6hjio ocxas- 
jieHo 6esi» BHHiiaHia ciapHROMi MioseJieM'B. 

3aT*Mi ropobu 0060111^ nepecxajm AaBaxB mojioro, h MioseoiH 
EanaJlH TpeBOJKHTBCS. Hoiom-b 0BIJH samara BepxiiBca, a OAHHt 
B3T> GuKOBTb nepecxajn* 4ctb h cxajn xyAixB. TenepB XBopaerB 
h KoOMJia: yace h$ceojibro Aneft, RaRi ona XBopaerB,— Ha Hor& y 
ec;i iji}6orm pana. Tohho sapasa RaRaa y hbxi Ha crothoitb 
ABopt: seoB crotb XBopaeiB no o^epeAH. HicROJiBRO OBei^B no- 
Aoxjio, Curb Toace OROJiiBaerB, a RoCHJia neHSBicTHO en^e no- 

HpaBBTCfl J1H. 

CiapHRi xopomeHBRO BcipaxHyjii TiooiOHa, o6BHHaa ero bb 
njiBMiiiieniH Hop^n; ho ropnuft OTmejiBHHR'B pascunajica b% ywb- 
peuijjx'ii CBoeft hcbkhhooth, yiBepacAaa, ^to Bparn ocJiaBHJiH ero 

KOJIAyBOUl, a OHI> TOJIBRO BH^erB JliRapCTBB, BMtCTO Toro, hto6h 

npBHBB^TB CojiisBH. CiapHRi HMijM> laRxe oneHB 6ypHoe 06%- 
acEeuie ex BajiTasapBxofi, o ROTopoft hoihjih oiyxH, 6yAT0 OHa 
aoiuiaiHJia Tiojiony 8a bto. OHa CBijua onera BOSMymena hoao6- 
bujuh DOAOspiHiaMH: OHa bc§mi> cepAAeirb xejiaen x6hhtb6u 
CBoero napHA Ha TepMerri, ho Heyxera ee c^HTaiorB cnoco6Hoft 
na iai;ia nnyRH, KOTopua npHBOAflT'B npaMO bb aA*B? OHa cjihih- 
kom% xopomaa xpnciiaHRa h commROMi aoposhtb cbohwb cna- 
ceHieMx. 



KOHEIflb CTAPHHH. 185 

MexAy rhMt, Ha MioseJieBRi 6ujia nopna, h Mioses Chjtb 
yfiiacAeH'B, hto 3Ta ciapyxa sHaen 6ojB>me, qiirB BHCKasHBaerx; 
hto TepMerra bbjui&ich rjiaBHoft npHHHHofi Bcero nponcxoAamaro, 
h hto A^a noftxyrb enje xyse, nosa oHa He coraacHTca bhAth 
3a Baorrasapa. 

YnopcTBO MOJuoAOft «4ByniKH ciaoio, HaKOHeiji>, npeACTaBJumca 
eny HyAOBHinsofi 6esHpaBCTB6HHOCTLio. 

— Kara? — roBopnjTB ofb eft.— OkojAjio lexnpe 6apaHa, npo- 
najii> Chkb, Ko6uJia Toate, a AajiBme noftAerb eme xyae, Haciy- 
nHTi> passopenie, 6bj&, KOTopyio HaiuuiKaaa th, h ie6$ ctohtb 
CRasaiK cjiobo, *ito6h ftroro He 6hjio, a th ero He roBopHmi>! 
Th ynapaeniLCfl paAH CBoero AypaKa! Th AaemB rH6Hyrc> HameMy 
Ao6py, He yAOCTOHBaemB meBejiBHyTB naJiBijeMi h ciHraeniB ce<5a 
HeciHOK) A^ByniRoft, HeroAflftKa! AyifaemB Haci» pasxajioGiiTB 
cbohmh acajiKHKH poacaM! J^a, a ie6a noaamifo, enje 6h! PasBi 
t4, Koro caxaiorB bi> tiopbmh, HaA&JiajiH 6oJii>me 3Jia, hJitb th? 
Hy, OTBinafi-ace, hto th HOKJiajiacB passopHTB Hact! EyAB 
OTKpoBeHHa, npHSHaBaficji! 

— fl He Mory bhAth saMyjra no Bameny sejiaHiio, A&flyniKa, 
HHKara He Mory... 

— Tara & noxamy ie6n bi ijepKOBt sa bojioch, eoranoHa- 
AoChtcji!— KparajTB ora ob niHOio y pia.— He cicaatyrB, hto kto 
H£6yAB MeHH nepeyiipAMHJi'B. ByAy rHaiB ie6a najutoft, Kara bo- 
jlob-b, noiOMy ?to HHaie Te6a HH^rfurB He OAOJrfcemB. He xoiemB 
no boji4, BCDpaBEmLca noHeBOJii. Y6bk> tcCh ro CMepra, hjih 
8acTaBJDio cnymaTBca. 

E^AHa^ A^BymKa! Kara nepeHOCHJia OHa noAoCnyH) jkhshb? 
%o6h cjiomhtb e& conpoTHBJieHie, Miosojib BApyra npaAyMan-B 
npHcxynHTb ra sajEUUonemio 6paKa. MiciHufi HOTapiycB aojukohb 
6hjeb npoisxaTB mhmo EaoiaHApa; ohi nocjiara npocHTB ero 
saixaiB ra Bajna3apaMi) ajlsl oCcyaweHia KOHTpaKia. Pasi koh- 
TpaKTB 6yAeTi> roTOB-B, ora hocmotphtb, Kara ocm&hiitch TepMerra 

OCKOp6HTB ero OKOHHaTOJIBHHM'B OTKaSOMl. Ho KOBapCTBO Ee88a6oT- 

Haro, noAyneHHaro $paHcyasoft, paapynrajio won njnaHt, Koropnft, 
no MHiniio CTapnKa, ho Mon> oKOHHHTBcaHeyAaneft. Xpoicoft, Koxoparo 
npHSBajiH, hto6h no6pniB ciapHKa, boshjuoi cb 6phtbomi ctojibko 
BpeMeHH, hto MiosejiB nponycTHJTb HasHa^eHHHft nacB. RorAa 
oht> jiBHJica, to HOiapiycB ysce ytaaJTB, a BaniasapH 6hjih ohohb 
pascepjKenn. Ob!l o6xacHHJn> hmx, hto npoTHBi Hero Chji'b saro- 
BopT>, 8acTaBHBmifl ero onosAaTB, h Rxa. hxt> ycnoKoeHia AsurB 
hmx, TopxecTBeHHoe oG£n{aHie, hto TepMerra bhAaotb saMy^ci 
hjih sa hx-b cHHa, hjih cobc^itb hh sa Koro. Kor^a octb npa- 
meJDCB kb Typpo %ctb Be^epHioio noxjie6Ky, to BiaHa, sHaBmaa 
060 BceMTb, ht6 npoHexoAHJio bi> MiosejieBK*!, CKaaaia eicy cbohm-b 
BKpaAHHBHtfB tojiocoitb: 

— JIioah He BHaioTB, KaKi bh Ao6pn 9 SaTiomKa. Hhkto HO 



186 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

nOB-fepHTB, <1I0 BH xaRB 6e8HOROHXeCB o ifore, KTO H6 HyBCTByOTl 

Kh saw* HBuaicoft 6jiaroAapHOCTH. Bbfj> ohh coBciirB He 6aaro« 
Aapnu BarE, a jjaae HanpoiEBt. HeyaceM bbi axoro sacayxH- 
Baere noAT> CTapociB, cxojibro nopaSoxaBnra am cbohx'b ft%Tei? 
Ecjie bm xoxiixe cnacTH hx*b Ao6po orb pa88opeHla, xaRi b4ab 
ho am ce6a — cb cofioft b*b Morajiy He BOSBMexe, He TaKX-ara?— 
a ajih hhxT) a:e. Ecjih hitb HenpeiffcHHO xoiexca ocxaxBca HHm,HMH, 
othgio Bauij ue CpocHXB hxi na hpohsbojtb cyABfiH? Eqjlr-6% bh 
saxoitiiH nepecejraxBca r-b HaifB, ohh 6h hohhjih, RaKB cjAao- 
Bajio Baci ii£hqxb. JIk)6ohhxho 6k ysnaTB, KaK*B 6u ohh cxaJiH 
cnpaBJwmcJL 

3ia Mucjih — nocxaBHXB CBraa bi 8axpyflHeHie cbohieb yxoAOMi— 
^pesBH^afiHo uopasHJia MioaeoiH. 

— H npaB^a, mh4 8a6aBHO 6h nocMOxpixB, tto ciarion 
A^JiaTB stotb ojiyxx Ahxohb, Korja mohh He 6yAerB, hio6h bc4icb 
pacnopjiataTbCfl, 

Eiana noeajra, too Hanajia Ha BieRift aoboa*. OHa cxaaa Ha- 
CTaHBaTb, Mr^&jtb icajio-no Majiy npHmeorB ri HairtpeHiio noro- 
ctbti> Hiitoxopoft Bpeiw y ryppo. 

Y^e etcKOJiBRo AHeft, Ran* Bopo^aTB sairfraajrB, too ero 
cHoxa HeoGuKnoBeHHo Becejia. TaRi naKB owb xnjaxeaBHO cjA- 
Ahjit, aa ea noftxoflaifH, xo h npHnncajrB 3to ea yBipeHHocxn bi 
yctrfex%, Y uero He ocxajrocB HHRaRHx-B coMHiHift, Ror^a OHa eiiy 

06'BJ3BHJTa, 1TO OFB flOJHReH'B HORHHyXB CBOK) ROMHaxy H CHaXB 

hoa'b KpTJinr'f! na HepflaRi. OieBHAHo, OHa cofiapajiacB hocojihib 
Tarn oxija. 9to (fauia xo3aftcRaa ROMHaxa y ryppo; cxapnRi cnaJTB 
at neft cb rlxt nop*, RaR* jReHiuca, h ao chxi nop* ero He 
nocMtjiH oxTyAa BHrnaxB. 9xa HOBaa o6HAa aacxaBHJia ero npn- 
hjitb pimenie, ri Roxopoiiy ohi yace a^bho 6btjtb Cjmsor'b. 

— Ecjih-6b bh yMepjiH, xo HHRoro 6h He cxicHaan, — caa- 
maBHirB tohomi, CRa8ajia eary BiaHa.— A noRa, hjlr BacB n nep- 
AaKTi xopom-L,., 

HxaK-B, EopoAaii AyMaai>, CHAa Ha CRaitBi, bo ABopi. Oob 
AynajiB 060 bccmi biomi h roBopHJi'B ce64: 

— fl yMpy; a», y^py; ho crfcnaxB xe6a He nepecxaHy. Th 
m6hh orpaSHJia h HSBejia Ha MeAJieHHOirB orai. TenepB o^epeAB 
aa ApyrHMt, Th xoneniB ero orpa6nxB h yMopnxB, RaRB Mena. 
Ho ABa paaa bio xe64 He yAacxca: a noirtmaio xe64, aiiia! Ybh- 
Ahojb: xe6i eme npHAexca pyraxB cxaparo BopoAana. 

Biiep-L noKainBajrB b^xbh bhhihh bi i^B^xy. Bijrae JienecxRH 
Jieiajin h naAajni, iohho 6a6o^RH. Ohh 6§jh4jih ne^RAy cxe6eaB- 
Kaue MOJiOAOfl xpaBH, a HiROiopae Aoaerlan ao RoaiffB cxapHRa. 
Toxi. cxpflXHyji^ hxi cb nenaoiBHoft yjra6ROft h, npepBaBi cboh 
A3 : mh ? npo6opMOiajrB, Ram 6yATO o6pan^aacB Kb BecH*: 

— r \;\'A M6Ha ROHneHO. fl yse He yBHmy, RaRi noRpacfffc- 

K>rB BOmBH, 



KOREITL CTAPflHK. 187 



XX. 



— 9ft, COCiflBl— KpHKHJJTb B638a60THHfl, — 8afiffBT6-Ka BH- 

iihtb co mhok) CTaKaroHKb. TenepB CBfexee Bismifi yx-B Ram 

BKyCHO! 

— Hfly! — OTBiTHJTb BopOABTb. — a H CaiTB XOrfUTB HOTOJI- 
KOBaTB Cb BaMH. 

Be33a6oTHwa xhjtb b*b xaiyri, cocToaBineft hbi oahoA rom- 
HaTu. CaMBiMH saifiiHUHH npeflMeTaMH h66jthpobrh 6ioh Tpn 
6ohrh, CToaBmia bb pHA* Ha AByx* AyCoBHX* AOCRaxi; hxx 
noJiHpoBaHHHfl OKpyrjiocTH noKasiiBajiH, to> no hhitb He pt^Ro 
npoBOAHJUB pysoH). 3arfcMT> nuia AepeBHHHaa RposaTB c% coJiOMe- 
Enwb Maipan.oM'L, Ha KOTopom> xpouoft cb chhoitb cnajra, He 
pasA&BaacB. Be33a6oTHufl yBip&jrB, too aia cncreMa — cauaa 
yAofiHaa: yipoM* ctohjio nepeBepHyiB c6hhhri, h hoctojib ORa- 
suBajiacB yfipamoft. Bi oahomi yrjiy ctomo ABa irimRa cb 

pOJRBH), a Bl APyrOJTB — CTapuft, 0H6HB HHSRift cyHAyKi, CJiyaCHB- 

mift rapAepoCoirB. CiyjiBeB'B 6njio ABa; oahhb Cbijtb TpexHOrift, 
a Apyroft no^ETH cobcIitb npoAaBJieHB. Ee88a6oTHHft, yiiiBinift, 
Me^Ay npOHHifB, saujieTaTB ciyna, yBipaarB, hto fppamrb ero 
bi> TaROifB bha% jiflSL AOKaaaiejiBCTBa BipHoara hocjuobhi^u, ruia- 
cameft, hto cano^HHR-B xoahtb Bceiyja 6e8*B canon*. H4crojibro 
HHCxpyMeHTOB'B, HeroAflaa rt> ynoTpefijieHiio CROBopoAa h roto- 

JIOKB, B*B KOTOpOMX HpOHSBOAHJiaCB BCS CTpflUHS, AOHOJIHflJIH (J. 

ciaHOBKy, Koiopyio cairB xoaaHHi HaxoAMi H6A0CTaT0HH0K>, no- 

TOMy HTO, BtpOHTHO, AM SanOJIHeHifl 62 H8MHOB'B, OffB HpH- 
C06AHHHJI'B R*B Heft BOU^H, CROp£e JMkCTHHX. BTb pHrfc, RaKT» XBO- 

pocra, o6py6KH aepeBa h oxamcH cojiomh. 

XpoMoft Aforajft dTO auunime cb noJiyAioacHHOio rpojdirob'b, 

fffcCROJIBRHMH RypaifH (y ROTOpHXl JH06OBB R«B 06n^6CTBy HXB 

xosaHHa AOxoAHJia ao Toro, hto oh4 ho acenajra jkhtb wl A^pe- 
b^hhomT) KypaTHHKi, BOSABHrHyTOU'B am hhxi ero TpyAaMH ne- 
peA* jrarayroK), n hocjihcb b% ciapyio nurany sa M%mRaMH paca), 
yiKOio, y ROTopoft AOMamme hhcthhrth 6iuh pasBHTH He mo- 
Hie ? h xyAoio kohikoio, ROTopaa ho noAnycRajia ri ce6i 6jiHxe, 
^iirB na xpn mara. 3a HCRJuoHenieirB rpojihrobi, ^jih kotophx-l 
JKaHi pBajnb TpaBy no BOSBpan^eniH nsx hikojih, bc! 3th 3Bipn 

KOpMHJIHCB, qilfB MOrJIH; BTb 3T0BTB 0TH0m6HiH Be83a60THU& Hpe- 
AOCTaBJlflJI'B HATB HOJIHyiO CB06oAJ H HO CWT&JVb HySCHfiUCB Ha- 

pymaTB ee cbohkb BMlmaiejiBCTBOui. 

— 3a*cb He otohb-to pocRomHo, — cRasaJit obcb, yjai6aacB, 
BopoAa^y* — Bh bhahto, cctb cTyjcui, ho He npHrjiamaio Bact 

Ha hhxi caAHTBca. CaAHTecB Ha cyHAyKx: oht» xotb He pasBa- 

JHTCJi. 

OrapHKB nporaejTB hhmo 6oqeKi> h yAapanB corHyrmni yRa- 



188 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

saieJiBHHMi, namjjeM'B b*b oflHy H3t hhxi; nocjramajicfl ssjKh 
nyGTOTH. 

— IlycTa,— MeJiaHxojraHecKH sairtTHjrB Be38a6oTHHnS. 
Biopan doHita ns^ajia TaRoft «e 3ByKt. 

— Tonce nycia,— CKasajrb BessaSoTHHft eme rpycraie. 
TpeTBJi OKaaaaacB MeHie sbohroJL 

— Tyre* ecTL eme nooiOBHHa, — CRasajrB ohb. — Axi, 
Kara oh4 cicopo npnxoflarB Kb KOHAy! Xyflo to, hto mkb pasi, 
EorAa HacTyuatorB aapn h xopomo 6h bbtiihtb, yate He ORasu- 
Baexai BHEa. 

Bapa^a 1 !! yEopnaHeHHO noTpact roaoBOft. 

— Bon* h bh cocTapHjracB, MOft fii^HHft ^pyre*! 

— Ka;KHHii ro^B npnSaBjiaeTCH no RBiH^waTH MicaDjeB'B, 
npas^a. Ho Korja Hajo HORHyrBca, a eme hoctok) sa cefia. 

— A He nopa-jra ocTeneHHTBca, HanaTB no6eperaiB? 

— SaiiM-b, cocIwb? y ueHa HHiero He 6hjio, sorja a po- 
^Rjicj], ci> rfeM'B »e h noMpy, airta xotb npaBO CKasaiB, *rro 
npoacxurB Seo-B saSoiBi. Kto passopHJica, totb h stok) He CRa- 

— H^t-b, Ho npoiflaiB CBoe «o6po, noKysa oho ecTB,.. 

— liiirb n iieBipHO CKasajiH, cocfyp! fl ho bco npoi^aio, a 
He Maiio n nponHBaio. 

— ripotCTB-JIH, npOHHTB-JIH, BC6 paBHO. JftlO BWfi TOJIBKO 

HanairaeTCJi, a y Baci yace HHiero He octmocb. Passi 8T0 pa- 
ayMHo 9 

— *1to fliJiaiB, icyirB! 51 npeanoHHTaro pa3i> bhhhtb xopo- 
mesBKo, *iiin> h^crojibro pasi no raoTOHKairB, a to coBciirB h 
ho y^yeiDB Bnea. Mh$ Bcer^a roBopanH, hto a nomejrB He no 
CBoefi ^Gporfc. Mh-6 6h Haflo hhtb h Hmero HefffcaaiB. Canoe 
nojjxoflHmeel 

— Moateie saxBOpaTB, cjio^b ott» napamraa... 0, Bracya. 
Ecjrafix bh anajiH, KaKOBd iciB ^yacoft xjt66 , b Ha ciapocra jftn! 

— OcxaBBTe! a npowle Moero cyH^yica. Bhho jaerB Rpi- 
nociB: na CB'fcri 6ojn>me CTapuxi inwraHii'B, niirB CTapnx* jrfn 
Kapeft. IIoKa ho npoBajiHJiHCB 6qjibheipz, mh& Bcer^a ofiesneueHa 
KBapxHpa* 

B 1 ! TeneHie atcKOJiBKHX'B MHHyrB omnoBCiofly HCRaai Hero-TO 
h He Haxc^HJTL. Oh*b noAHHH ajii cbhsrh cojiomh, pacKanHBaJn*B 
XBopocrB, aarjrjjjq&iBaji'B sa 6ohrh, pacnyraBaJTB kpojihkob'b, ro- 
Topue pas6iraJniCB 9 npnacaBx ynra r*b cnHHi, — ho bco 6hjio 
HanpacHo. 

— Ky^a m> TOpTy ohb ero cyHyjii?— roBopwrB ohb.— Moft 
Hbhb Bnojufi cnocofieHx ero cnpaTaTB. IIpHBCTaHBTe-Ra, coctx'B, 
n nocHOTpio b^ cyHjyRi. 

— ^to bh TaRoe noTepflJiH? 

— CTaKafft. y HacB tojibko ojhh , b, h s^icB TaROft 6esno- 



KOHBH.'b GTAPEHH. 189 

paAOR*, hto £ ho sHaio, tj$ owb. Kucobo? CyHAyR* Hanrb sa- 
nepra, h kjhohb Hira. 9to nrrysn Moero napHHmRBl Ax*, mo- 
meHHHB'B! nocMOTpsre! ^anmn, cxaKaHH, Bee sanep^ b-l cjh- 
xyR'B, i rro6'B a He Mon> hhtb. He xHipen^-JiH, a? Oht> bhUaot* 
Jiy^me mohh. He 3Haio, cl Koro oh* topers npmriip'b, tojibko y 
Hero BTb ABiHawaTL jrfcrb (fojibine yica bt> rojOBft, TfeMx y icera 
b*b MTLAecflTL. Oh-l ciapaeicfl mohji ncnpaBHTL. 9to o^em xo- 
pomo, KOHe^mo, tojilko crjthho. — Om co CMymeHieMX necaarb 

8aXHJIOKT>. 

— Hy, tasi h He CTaroirb hhtb, — cBadaorb BopoAdYb. — 
BaMi> Ha saBTpa 6ojibme ocTaHeica. 

— CoBcfeKb wbrbl — BOCKjniRHyjrB Bessatiorauft, tohho osa- 
peHHbift BHesaoHoft mhcjibk). — IlycTB He CKaacyrt, hto a oray- 

CTHJTb BaCL 6631 yrOH^6Hifl. Mh BCeiaBH BNHbeWb, yBHflHTe! — 

Oh-l cxoAEura sa rohohjuiho& cojiouofi, sa t4mh eojihmh cTe&LaMH, 
Roropne ocTawica orb rohohjih nocjrfe TpemcH, BNOpaai as* 

OTOHb fljnJHHHH AyAKH) BHHyflTb BTJ30S.J H3TE> 60TOB H, HOrpySHBI) 

bt> see 0flHHin> ko^owtl cooioMHHy, a Apyroft ROHeifb Borons bi 
porb, npHHfljicfl TaHyTb bhho* 

— OqeHb xopomo Hjerb, a aiaBHO Binnurb! — BCKpsraajrb om 
vl Bocioprt otl CBoero HsoCpfrrem*. — Hy, crapiraa, Kant bh 
hh ciapti, a Taicb enje He yromamcb cb npiarejieirb! ^ocaAHO 
tojibko, hto Hejib82 HORaraca. %o A^^ib? Hy Tenepb Bama 
onepeAb! 

dapHKa 3T0 nosa6aBHJio. Ohi Cb rpycraoft yjoi6R0ft Bsajrb 
cbok) ipy6o^Ky, h 06a bhhhjih HicROJftRO raoTROB'b. 

— Hiiro, BceraRn He Taicb BRycHo! — CKaaajix Bessa6oT- 
mjft, — ho bhaho, ito nbemb. Bi» ciaKaH* npiaxHO nocMOTpfrrb 
Ha RpacHoe bhho: em;e He hhbiiih, Kaacexca, mo bhhhjtb, h oho 
noTOMi, BEycHie. 

Oh*l Barks* Ha (foray ma yAo6cTBa, a crapHicb npncjioHHJica 
kt> Heft, yciBmHCb Ha OAHy hsx aocori« 

— #a, TflHBTe-se, cocfyfbl Bhho npiaTeM jiy*me, viwb BOAa 
HSM^HHHRa. IlefiTe hjih a o6ssycb. 

— Ayma He npHHHMaerb,— otb$xhjtb BopoAaro. — fl He sa 
riwb npHmejrb. Bnsya, & npHmejnb nonpocHTb Bacb o6t> ycjiyri. 
3anoimHTe to, hto a Bairb CRasy; a em;e HHROMy He roBopnjn>. 
Bh xoAHie Ty^a h cioAa, CBopa^HBaeTe nanpaBO n HajrtBo, sa- 
xoABie noBCiOAy h Bact b63a% xopomo npHHHMajorb. 3HaqHTL, 
bh CKopie, niwb rto HH6yAb, CMoaReTe HOBTopHTb 3T0, RorAa h 
KOMy noHaAoCHTCfl. 

— #a hto xaKoe? — cnpocHJTb saHnxepecoBaHHHfl xpoMofi. 
TorAa cxapHEi> pascRasajii eiiy o cBoeft «hshh sa nocji^Hie 

roAU b% AOMt CHHa, o sjiocxh ryppoAHXH, cjra6ocxH Typpo, 
e3ceAHeBHHxi>, eaceMHHyxHHx-b ocRop6jieHiflx , b, koiopheh ero 
rpy6o TOJiRaiorb k% MorHJii. 




190 



PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 



— Moxero-JiH sto 6htb!— BCKpinajn> AoCpoAynmirfl Bessa- 
6oxHufl, 8a6uBaa o cbogmx bhh$. — Heyxejni octb Ha CBtrt 
Tasie some jdoah? BunefiTe-Jse, 6i^mjfi BopoAa<n>, Buneftxe, 
Moft (JfcAHNft Apyn! 

— Tenept a 8Haio, nero xonerb sjiosifiKa. Ona xoiero ne- 
peranum* eb ce6i oma. He hsi jmoCbhL 3Haeie, octb CTapua 

HBH, KOTOpHJI Aep^RaTCH TOJIBRO KOpOK), a CepAUeBHHN y HHX1> 

wbrb. TaKi»Hy nea rfrB cep^a... A Bee tojtbko hst> acaAHOCTH! 
Mi03ejiB He TaKOBT>, KaicB a. Oh*b He OT^ajrL Bcero, tto hit&jtb, 
a ocTaBHJTB ce6i TpeiBio nacxB. Bora TOB-sa btoA-to laciH OHa 
h yjienjaerL ero. Ho a He xony, hto6h ona saxBaiHJia enja 
Apyroro, Kpoirt mom: aobojbho h oahoh) HeciacrHaro. Bh no- 
RjuiHeTecB mh4 Bamefl AOJieio paflcKaro 6jorajReHCTBa, hto ca^- 
Jiaeie, o Hem* a Bad nonpomy. 

— fl BtpK) Bam>, coc&xb, ho CHaqajia xorfcjn> 6m 8HaTB, o newb. 

— Ecjih a hjioxo KOHHy... GjnnnnTe, ecJiH a moxo KOHiy, 
oSimafixe irai, KaKi» tojibko ysHaeie o Moeft CMepra, noftrn Kb 
Miosejno h nepeaaTB Bee, hto a pascRasajrB Bam. H xo*y, qxofo 
orb sHaji^, hto 9to OHa Mera yiiopHaa. 3to sacTaBHrb ero pas- 
AyMarB. A, HeroAflftRa! 06% oahowb acajrfno, ito ho yBHscy, 
Kara OHa 6yn&rb sjniTBca, Rani nosejieHierb! OCimafixe mh4 
9to,— npoAOJOuunb EopoAai* co cjiesaMH Ha raasax-B. — S yse 
AaBHO HHRyAft ho roAeHi, He hm^k) Apysefi n tojibko ri Bam 
Mory ofipaxaxBca sa axoft ycnyroft, He oxRaaunre mh4:— 3Tonpn- 
h6cjio-6h Bam Hecnacrie. 

— newb bh Ay*aeTe, BopoAa%, hto bh roBopHTe xaRi? 
y BacB HJioxoe bx roJOBi, Apyn» Mofl! MyscaftxecB! S, ecjm6u 
6hun> jinrymROft bt, CoJtorfi, TaRi* h to paAOBaaca 6h, tto mrey. 
HoKa 6yAen cb4thtb co-raije, cxaHerB spfrrB h BraorpaA*. 
3aHtin> onaaBaiBca? 

— Mh4 yace h xjnifii He HAerB bb ropjio, npiaxeJiB. 
OcBimeHHaa BeceHHHifB cejraijeM'B (yiaoRypaa rooiOBRa noRa- 

saaacB bi Asepaxi. 9to 6ujit> JKaHX-Mapn, Roxopnft tojibko 
Taira fiiiBaiii, c^acxjiBBi, r^i HaxoAHJii CBoero A^Aa. 

— Bxoah, MajiHrai! — RpHRHyjii eMy cb 6oirh Bessa- 
6oxHHft. — 3ApaBCXByfi, ApyacoKx! HoAah CRaaar AiAyniR*, ^toC-b 
ohb He OTHaaBancfl. 

CiapHK'B ct> HijRHOft JiacKofl npoBeJit pyROio no RyApairB 
BHyna. 

— Typpo 6hjix totoo TaRHMi, RorAa Chji'b MajUj—CRaBajn 
oht, xpoMOMy, — h 3T0TX, Hoatajiyfi, CTaHexi xaKHBTB ae, RaicB 
Typpo. Bee HeHaAeatHO. Mh* yai hosaho HaAi^TBca. Bm 
o6in^aeTe, ho npaBAa-JiB? 

— OStn^afiTe mh4, b*b cboio o^epeAB, hto bh He CA$JiaeTe 
HHqero HenosBOJinxeJiBHaro. 

— He 3a6oTBiecB 060 mh4. Oahhmi cnoBOMiy xothto bh, 



k. 



KOHEI^b CTAPHHH. 191 

Bura HirL, OKasarb 6tAHOMy crapHKy nocJii^Hioio ycjiy ry , o KOTopoft 

OH-B npOCHTB? ECJIH H$», CKHKHTe HpaMO, H a yft^y. 

— KjumyCB mohmx MicTOMi> bi> mapciBi He6ecHOMi>, — csa- 
8ajn> cb yCixAeHieBci xpoMoft, — a cAiaaio to, o ieir& bh npocnre. 

— CAepacHTe-ace cjiobo, — npH6aBHjr& EopoAara, soTopuft 
6butb cyeBipeHtj — hjih — TaKX xe BipHO, Kara to, to> a — xpn- 
CTiaHHH-B,— a nocai CMepra 6yay aBMTBca MyraiB BacB. 

Hh Torc>, hh Apyroft He noAyMaan, too, paspymaa naaffB 
BiaHH, ohh cnoco6cTByior& npoAoaaeHiK) MyneHlft , HenoBHH- 
Hofi A^BymKH. 5e88a6oTHBrft 6bijib MyamicB: paai a^o nuno ofe 
jwymecTBi* Mioseaa, to oho, 6esi coMHiraia, aojukho 6imo 
ocTaTBca bb MioaeaeBKi, h BToro coo6pajR6Hia He Moium nepe- 
BtcHTB HHKaKia Apyria, %o se KacaeTca BopoAana, to oetb 
6hjtb BecB noraomeffB cBoeio moctbk). 

Bb tot* ace a^hb, nocai o6$Aa, BessaCoTHuft yBHA'feJTB, hto 
Boahjib KeHCOHB h enje oahhi MyacHKB HecyrB baojib AepeBeH- 

CKOft yJIHIJH HOCHJIKH, Ha KOTOpBIXTb HTO-TO 60JTTaeTCa, H HO MOFB 

orraAaTB, htohmghho. H$ckojibko peCan cb HcnyraHHNMH JiHijaMH 
mora catAoin*. 

— ^to bto bh Heceie? — cnpocrai oh*b. 

— CiapHft BopoAani nepecTaa'B CTpaAaiB, — otb^thotb My- 
TRMKby noMoraBmift EeHCoay. — Mu hohijih Bt jt6cb 8a XBopo- 
ctoatb h Hainan ero bt> KpoiejiBCKoft boaomoehL He 8Haio, 8a- 
nkwb owb mofb TyAasaflTH, toj»ko,aojukho 6htb, nocKoaB8Hyaca, 
h euy He noBeano: yTOHyai Ha ray6HH$ HeHBme AByx* $yTOBT>. 
Oht> 6uin> emfl xenjiufi, ho mh bbkekb He mooh npHBecra 

ero BT> HyBCTBO. 

Besaarforauft npHHOAHaa* Kypiicy, KOTopoio npaKpHTO 6nao 
amjo noKoftHHKa, h 6mn> nopaxeHi bhaoitb aroro nepeKomeH- 
Haro JiHija, cb KOToparo enje naoxo CMBiia 6naa rpasB. 

— BiAHHfl ciapHKB, 6iAHufi arapHKB! Enje ceroAHa yTpoMB 

MBI JKHJIH BMiCTi! 

Ilpn bha% Tpyna, oCinjaHie, hmb AaHHoe, noKasajiocB xpo- 
MOMy ocoCeHHo TopaeciBeHHEnrB. Ohb pinraai TOT^aCB-ace 
ero HcnoaflHTB h cb BOJmemeMB HanpaBHaca k*b MioseaeBid. 

IIo Aopori OffB BCipiTHJTB cTaparo MK)8eaa. 

— H meJIB HM6HHO KB BaMB,— CKasaJIB OHB. 

— TenepB, EorAa saxoieniB ko vb& hphath, HaAO 6yAen> 
hath yse He bb MioseaeBRy. 

— A KyAa ae? 

— 3 nepecejiaiocB. ByAerB cb neHa nxnaro ynpaHCTBa. Ile- 
pexoxy Ha xhtbo kt> ryppo. 

— CiapBifl BopoAa^B xopomo BBi6paiB MHHyiy!— bockjthk- 
Hyjn» Be'33a6oTHBifi, nopaaceHHHfi coBnaAeHieMB.— CyAapB, He 
xoahto TyAa: bet Tain. sactaHexe noROfiHHKa! 



192 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— IIOKOfiHHKa?— nOBTOpHJTB Mk>86JIB H Cpa3y OCTaHOBMCJI. — 

Kto yMepi»? Biepa Be?epoir& Tarn ho 6hjio Cohbhhxi. 

— BopoAaro yTOHyjTB. 

— #a r*i? IIo 6jih30Cth whrb boxh, rfli 6u Mon> yroHyTB 

TOJEOBJlRl. 

— Korja saxoieniB, TaRx HaflAemt. Oetb nomea* 3a hgk) 
bi ropy. 

— TaKt OHt yronHJica? 

BessafioTHiift noBTopwrb Miosejno pascRassi cavoy6ifliQi h 
TaKt BaBjiaflijrB ero BHHMaHieirb, tto totb h ho noayMajn, ocTa- 
hobhtbch, npoxoflA mhmo flOMa ryppo, bo ABopi ROToparo co- 
6pajiocB HicKOJEbKO coekfleft, yaHaBnmx* o npoHcmecTBiH. HiEO- 

TOpilfl nOflpOfiHOCTH OHl BejrfUTB HOBTOpHTL Ce6t HO H&CROJTBRy 

pa3i>. 

— H om> BaMi> npHKasajTL npeAyupevrrB icera? 

— Ohi tojibko aa bthitb h roBopHJTb co mho*. Ohb sacra- 

BHJTL MOHfl IIOKJMCTBCa MOHMT, BfrlHHirB CnaCOHleiTB, TO fl H0 

8a6yay npeAOcrepeiB Bad, KasB tojibko ysnaio o ero cvepra 

Ciapuft Mi03ejiB xojito ayMajn*. 9totb sarpofiHufl roaoci, 
npexynpejRwtBinift ero He xo^htb Kb ryppo, nponsBejrb Ha Hero 
CjnnnKOKB chjebhoo BneiarcrtHie, hto6*b ohi> Mora ociaBHTB ero 
torn* BHHMaHln. Ho ohi Myrajica riir&, hto GespascyftHO nocni- 
mHjrB oCmbhtb Be88a6oiHOMy o CBoeirb wimi noRHHyiB Mro- 
seaeBKy. Topaoctb He nosBOJuuia eHy co3HaTBca fb TaKoft cko- 
pofl nepeirfuaii Hairkpemft. Oh* Hiriurb npeTeHsiio hh nepegi 
iim ho oicTynaiB. 

— Heyacem bm hob^phjih, hto & Bain> ceflrcacB CRasajr*: 
6yxro nepexoacy kt> ryppo? — cnpocurb ohi, raaflH HCROca h 
pasjyBaa hosaph. 

— Bh TaKi CKasajra. IIoieMy jtb 6h h ho hob^phtb? 

— Te6i 9T0 KaaanocB BlipoflTHinrB? 

— IIo npaB^i CKasaiB, nftra. Bt> BamaJiixa ho Ta^B Jierno 
M^Hfliorb Micro. 

— JHuio B* TOlTb, HTO Ji nomyTHjrb,— cKasajrB CTapTOB, BH- 
np^MJi^acB cb nopasHiejiBHHM'BHaxaJiBCTBOtfb.— Tojibko ecmi xo- 
*eim 6wtb mh4 apyroirB, hokojiih o6t> stomi; Heiero nepeCRa- 
8HBaTB apyrairB. 

Ohi sanies r*b ryppo BsrjiaHyTB Ha HOROftHinca, ROTopuft, 

RaSl H OHB CaiTB, CHHTaJICH OJHHlTb H8T> CatfHXT, CTapBTXT, Ha 

ceaii. Koiyja npHHecra MepTBoe tIjio, Biana He cpasy nosBOJnuia 
nojioacHTB ero Ha KpoBaTB, 6ohcb hchopthtb cboh npocTHHH. 
Ho 6paBufl KeHCOETB, napymnBT) cboio o6£RHyio MOJraaaiHBOCTB, 
npoH8HeCB TaRoe aHepra^Hoe BOCKJiHitaHie, hto OHa ronacb coa- 
Hajia cboio oniH6Ky h nepeciajia BoapaacaTB. 

Mi03ejiB MOJL?a h cocpe^OTOHeimo cmotp^jtb Ha CTaparo to* 
Bapsn^a. Biana, KOTopaa nepeAi. KaTacipo|ofl see npHTOTOBHJia 



KOHBH.'B CTAPHHH. 193 

r* ero npieuy, nanpacHO nnTaaacB npo^em bt» ero iuiasax'b, 
hbm4hhjio-jih cJny^HBmeecH HecnacTie ero Haarfepeme. Offb yraejrb, 
He cicasaBb ofo vrowb hh cjiOBa. Ora npoBOAMa ero ao nopora 
h npoHSHecjia caMNMb HiatHmrB tojuocoitb: 

— Tenepb y mm CTaHera Tara nycio! Tenepb ich oco6en- 
ho fiyxeMi paxu Baifb! 

— Cnacnfio, — OTBiTHJii oetb rpy6o,— a He xony cnaiB Ha 
nocTejra Eopofla^a! 

y^apt Chjtb yjKaceHi rjm. ifaaeHBRoft aceHn^HHu. OHa omtb 
CBeprajacb ct> bhcoth cbobxi na^esA^ KaKi pasi bi» Ty mh- 
Hyiy, KorAa c^Hiajia hxi> ocymeciBJieHHHMH, h nyBCTBOBajia, too 
ea a^jio nponrpaHo HaBcerAa. OHa BepHyaacb bt> aomx, RaRb 
$ypia, cb noipefiHOCTbio hsjihtb cboo 6$meHCTBO, hto6t> ho 8a- 
AOXHyTbca. OHa noACiaaaa kx icepTBeny h ct> yrposoft noAHe- 
cjia Kb ero Jinuy KyjiaKb. 

— dapHft 8JM)A*ft!— KpHKHyjia OHa. — Th CA^am bto Ha- 

POHHO. Til BCK) JKH8HB TOJTBRO H yMtjrB A^aTL, HTO TaAOCTH. 

Ecjm tn Tenepb He bt> aAy, to y Bora h$tb cnpaBeAJinBocTH. 

Crapuft BopoAaro Tenepb mofl cJiymaTb, hto yroAHO. Ero 
cepAue yse ho Chjiocb. Owl HameJib ycnoRoeHie, h ero 6es- 
HyBCTBeHHuft Tpynx 6ujn» paBHOAymeH'b Kb aiOACROMy rafoy; 
tojibro ecjra jyraa ero BHTajia enje Bb tobtb iricr&, r^i ctojibro 
BHdpaAajia, to AOJHRHa 6ujra npHSHaib ce6a oTOMmeraoft. 

.HiosoHb CMOTptjib Ha 3Ty cijeHy pacnrapeHHNMH orb yxaca 
rjrasaMH. JKaHb-Mapn npaiajica sa Hero h, pHAaa, noTHxoHbRy 
8Bajib A^AyniRy. Typpo, CMepieJibHO Car&AHHft h cb Cjiyamaio- 

mHMb B80pOMb, eJRHJICfl Ha CTyjrfc, y HOFb KpOBaTH, OKOJIO KOTO- 

poft ^OAOHa JlameHajib yate nocTaBHJia CBaxyio BOAy h stay 
6yKca. Bb ero npHTynJieHHoft cob4cth CMyxno meBeJiHJiHCb yrpu- 

36Hla, npo6yJKA6HHbIH MHCJIbK), HTO OHb, MOS6TI 6HTb, CHO- 

co6cTBOBajab aToft yxacHoft CMepiH. YcjibiniaBb, hto jRena ero 
pyraeTb noKofinHKa, OHb Bb nepsuft pasb Bb xhshh CA&nairb 
eft sairiraaHie: 

— Moorar, EiaHa, He CoroxyabCTByfi! 3to iioaierB Ham 
npHHecTB Hec^acTie! 



XXL 

BosBpanpacB aomoA, crapHRi BoaraoBajica He Mem>me Typpo- 
Ahxh. OHb qyTb 6ujlo He CAiJiajrb rjiynocTL, h jvlh. Hero 6uJia 

H6BUH0CHMa MHCJEb, HTO Be88a60THBI& BHA^JIb 9TO. Ho OHb A<>- 

caAOBajib ho Ha Hero, a Ha AHTona h, rjiaBHwirb o6pa80Mi>, na 
TepMeTTy: 8to ohh aobojih ero ao TaROro cocTOflHia, hto oh*b 
qyib He nonajrB Bb JiOBymKy. Tenepb ohh nonjiauiTCJi 8a bc4 
ero HenpiaTHOCTH. 

M 8. Oixi» n. 13 



194 PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

— Ohh Mem ct yMa CBeaH,— AyMaai ohi, — IlaTBAecaTB 
-ll-Tt a Cbutb rocnoAEHoirB Bt CBoeirt aom*&, Heyacera ace a 
ccTa&jQK) ero hs^-ss Toro, hto KaKaa to fliBTOHKa He caymaeTca 
modh? ^to co MHOfl? SL He yaHaio ce6a. Ohomhhcb, MioseaB, 

•;1;j> TBI X08HHHI! ECJIH HOHaAOfiHTCa, CJIOMafi BCe, BCe flOJURHO 

noKopHTBca Te64. 

TepMerra h $paHcyasa nofiiacajra Kb rypposain», ysHaBB, ra> 
Tvna npHHecJiH t4jio EopoAa^a. Biam npHHaaa hxi oneHB He- 
jtacKOBO h OTRasaaiacb otb hxb noifomH. Oh4 BOSBpaTHiracb ao- 
Mofi h CTaJiH noiioraTB AHTOHy aanparaTB 6hkobi,: jo how 
Hy;Kno 6hjio BcnaxaTB nojiocy hoa*b KyKypysy. 

i Tpoe ocTaHOBHJiHCB, yBHA^Bi noAXOXHBmaro Mioseaa; 
jnaiuta y Hero rafexaaa Ha cropoHy, raasa CBepKajm, amy) cy- 
poBo HaxicypaaocB, Beet ohi Chjtb nepenojiHeH'B csepsaHHuurB 
rntBOfiTB. 

— CiiepTB Bopo^ana mh4 nocaaHa, KaffB npeAOCTepeaeeme,— 
cuasajrB ohb bt> otb4tb Ha BonpocHTeaBHHe BsraaAH. — Ecjih 6h 
mu;j BHynsa 6iua ho Sapunma, BocnaTaHHaa no ropojCKOMy, a 
npocraa xopomaa pa6ormma, juoCanjaa Bemno h cboio combk), 
h 6m hh o *ein> He TyaourB. Ho y Meria Tarace ecTB rooiOBa Ha 
nae^aXB, He xyxe, h^btb y Apyrnxi,H a enje ycniro jo citepra 
ycTpoHTB bco, KaKB saxony. 

QWb rOBOpHJTB HaCMtniJIHBKIlIl TOHOMB, Wb KOTOpOlTB lyBCTBO- 

lijLiaCb Kanaa-TO rposHaa h HenpeiuiOHHaa pimHMOCTB. 

Ahtohi pacTepajca h BunycTHJH oahoto hst* 6uROB f B, koto- 
[n.n'1 BHCKOJiBBHyjDfB hsi apica. 

Mk)86jib noftMajTB ero, cxBanwrB sa pora h, HaA^aaa ero 

UHHKaMH Bb 60Kb, HpHBeJTB Ha MiCTO. 

— SI otftmajTB oCpamaiBca cb ToCoft, itaKi ct> bthmh bo- 
iianm, ecjra ho yjjacTca yicpoTMB refia. Cmotph ae, Kara CB 
jiiimh o6pamaK)Tca,— CKasaaB ohb AipyniKi Cb SBipcKoft yau6- 
j;oft.— OioftflH oTcroja, — npHdaBMB oh^, ofipanjaacB Kb ciray. 

Oitb sanperB bojiobi h xoriucB noraaTB mn>. T l?o6u hath b*b 
uory, o6a BOJia aojhkhh oflHOBpeMeHHO coftra cb Micia. MioseaB 

fifxb CTpeKajioifB jrtBaro BOJia; totb jBHHyjica bi to BpeMa, 
KSLKb npaBHfl odaBajica Ha Micrl, h Bca ynpaxB cxtxajia Ha 
cTO])OHy. Torja-TO vwksb ero HamejrB ce64 hcxoab. 

Owl TOTHaci HanajiB opaTB: 

— Bymapi>, BnepeA^! ^BHraftca ate, Eymapi! 

PaHeHHfi CTpeicajFoiTB h nepenyraHHHft ahkhmh KpaicaMH, By- 
iiiijjBCA*JiajiinpHacoKi>, ho, saAepaaHHBift apMOirB, ocraHOBHaca 
nQepeAH CBoero TOBapnn^a. 

— BnepeA'B, BpeHBe! BnepeA'B! Bora noroAH, a B08BMy py- 
;nHTKy CTpeicaJia, a Te noKaaty! 

Ilpn dTOWb onb yAapHJii BTOporo 6uKa TaKi», 6yATO xot6jtb 
n\h .irsHTB ero KODbeMi). C6HTHa cb TOJiKy TaKHMH npieMaiiH, SH- 



KOHEUT, CTAPHHH. 195 

bothhh Tepam roaoBy h, bm^cto roro, hto6m ABHraTBca Bne- 
pe#B, CpocaracB Apyra Ha Apyra. 

Miosem yace He BJiaAiorb co6ok>; om hoxoahjt& Ha ctyMa- 
cmeAmaro bb npimaAfffc Syftnaro noMimaTeaBCTBa, Ha 64meflaro 
8Btpa, copBaBmarocH cb ujbim. CxBaTHBB RHSHJioBoe cipeicajio 
sa ocTpie, octb Haqajn» rojiothtb bso Bcefl chjiu acHBOTHHXB: 
yxapu no pe6pain> pasAaBaancB, KaKi> yAapu itfina, ct> xaKoio 
chjiok), hto KpinKoe ^epeBO, HaROHeijB, pasaeriuiocB b% ap©- 
6e3rH, RaRB ctorjio. 

— A noraHHA nraypii, h bh toko gfeaaeTe no CBoeMy! IIo- 
floamHie *e, rjmhh, a Hay^y BacB caymaTBca. IIocTO&Te, noro- 

flHTei — KpmaJTL MlOSeJIB CB SBipCKHlfL XOXOTOHB. 

CxBaiBBB KH8HJioByH) naaRy otb nayra, TOJnniHHoio bb pyRy, 
ra6KyK) h TOHKyio, RaRB craaB, ohb CHOBa HaiaaB 6htb strut* 
crpamHUirB opyxieicB peBynpixB xhbothhx'b. 

Bhkh, oCesyirtBB otb cipaxa, HOHecancB raaonoMB, Tama sa 
C06010 onpoKHHyrafl nayn>; ciapHKB CteaaB sa hhmh, a co6aKa, 

8aKJH01HBB H8T> RpHROBB CBOOrO XOSflHHa, 1TO IipOHCXOAHTB ff&- 
HTO He06HKH0B6HH08 I HIO 6fl COrf&CTBie H606X0AHM0, 6pOCH- 

jiacB Barfed sa hhmh, jnaa hso scfexB chjtb. HaiaaacB OiraeHaa 
cicaHRa: 6hkh, oxBa?eHHHe naHmecKHMB CTpaxoMt, HecancB 6esB 

BCHROft A^JIH; HJiyTB, HOMEJIOCepAHO BCTpHXHBaeMNft, HOACRaRH- 

BaJTB Ha Beta* npenHTCTBiHXB; a ysacHHft CTapHRB to bhc£jib 

Ha OAHOHB port, TO CiURaJTB CB HeBtpOHTHHMB HpOBOpCTBOlTB, 

kojioth 668^ nepeA&nnRH, pyraacB h CoroxyabCTBya cb ymacaio- 
meft BHepriefl. 

Ahtohb, TepMOTTa h $paHcyasa, 'SesMoaBmie, orjfaeHiBmie 
otb yataca, cjrhjuam sa hhicb raasaira. Bojibi yAapnancb o cyxyio 
HsropoAB ca^a, Roropaa bch cpasy aeraa Ha seiuno, npoHecjiHCb 
lepesB i^faymift $pyRTOBHft c^ab h, CHOBa H3aoxaB& nsropoAB, 
BHJiertjra bohb. Bhkh, xoshhh^, co6aRa He ocTaHOBnancB, ho 
8aKeAJHJiH 6tra, a MHHOBajra caAB, RaRB nopuBB Bircpa, ociaBaaa 
rpyAy o6jiomkobb. H sa caAOHB CimeHaa CRaraa He npeKpara- 
jiacB. naJiRa Bee TaRace noAHMaaacs h onycRaaacB, yAapu cum*- 
jehcb HenpepHBHO, RaRB yA&pH i#na no CHonairB, CTapHRB ho- 
HCTOBCTBOBaJTL, 6hrh rjiyxo peB*fejiH, a MocRsa sajiHBajiacB, RaRB 
Ha oxori. 

Ohh BHJiertjiH bb nojie. ^oporofl hmt> nonajiHCB BHHorpsgt- 

HHH JI03M; RaR^ BHXpt, CB peBOHB H0H6CJIHCB OHH Ha HHXI>, HBO- 

BHe npyTBH n rojibh 3aTpein;ajiH, KaKB ranjioe A^peBO, h pasjie- 

rtjTHCL OCROJIRaMH B*B paSHHH CTOpOHH. JIoSH XJieCTaJIH SeMJIK), 

KaEi> TOHRie peimn, a BHxpb Hecca AaJiBme... Enje BHHorpaAHan 
HsropoAB h eme, a bhxpb Bee HeceTca, 6ypHHft h HenpeoAOJiH- 
hhS, npoA'ijiHBaa bt» nsropoAHX'B oTBepciia TaRi ace npaBHJiBHO, 
KaKB nymeiHoe hapo. Bojim hocjihcb bo bocb onopB, a CTapHRB, 
hoao6ho ABMOHy, npurajr-L BORpyrB hhxb. 

13* 



196 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Hhcthhktb npHBejrB 600106% o6paTHO bo XBopi. IIJiyrB, py- 
RO^TRa KOToparo pasjierfejiacB bx Ape6esni, hhta& ho sairfurajiCA. 
Bojth B03BpaTHJiHCB, RarcB h oinpaBHJiHCB raaonoirB, ncnycRag 
rjiyxoe MHHame. Ohh Ryuum, Bipoarao, safiiH yGfcxnme b*b 
CBoefi Komomri h 6pocmhcb Kb oiBopeHHOft ffBepn. ninpoKoe 
apiio noMtmaJio hm*b boSth: ohh sacrpajiH bi> ABepax**, sposa 
BcfeMi» r&aoirB, ex RpoBaBoft cmoHoft y pia, Tyno oxnAaa cxepra 
noxb rpaAOirb npoAOJouKaBmHxca y^apoBi. GTpanmo 6hjio cmot- 

P*TB Ha HCTASaHiO BTHXB JKHBOTHHXl! 

— OreijB, — npo6opMOTajn> Ahtohb, — nosBOJrare Bam CRa- 

SaiB, BBI HXT> y6B6T6. 

CiapHKT> oGepHyjica cb bhaoitb BBicoicoirlpHaro npesp^Hia, 
Kaicb 6bi scejiaa CRasaTB, ito oht> moxotb h y6HTB, ecJiH saxo- 
qerB. Ilim BUCTynuia bb yraaxi ero tohrhxi ry6t. Ero raasa, 

06URH0BeHH0 CHpHTaHHUe nOffB ryCTHMH 6pOBAMH, Ra8&S0CB, xo- 

rfejra bucrototb. Ero hosaph pasAyBajoiCB. Ero Juan,o 6hjio 
KpacHo h ECRaxeHo HepBHOft cyxoporoft. Kpynmia Kaium nora 
RaTHUHCB no jrany. KaajuocB, chjih ero HCTomemi, ho apocTB 
Bee xa ace. Ilpn bha4 aioft ahkoA bojeh, rauBBaHHSHpyK)- 
mefi cxapoe, ycraaoe t&jio, ociaBaaocB hjih noRopaiBca eft, hjeh 
6isaiB otb Hen. 

CiapHK'B OCTaBHJTB BOJIOBT) H HOAOIHeill Kb TepM6TTi, npO- 

Aoaataa pasnaxHBaa naJiRoft. IIpHfijinsa HCRaseHHoe GimeHCTBoro 
jump Kb no6jr6AH4BmeMy joranRy A^BymRH, oht> ycTpemurB Ha 
Hee BsiuraAfc, orb KOToparo xa noxojroA*Jia ao vosra Kociefl, h, 
RaR% 6yATO Bca npeAHAymaa cijeHa hmohho am aroro 6ujsa 
pasurpaHa, RpHRHyorB eft bo see ropjio: 

— TenepB 3HaemB, kto a! Bora RaRB a yicpomaio boiobb. 
To *e 6yAen> h cb to6ok>, ecira He noRopiraiBca. Th AoaaHa no- 

BHHOBaTBCa, HJIH... 

He nepecTaBaa icaxaTB najueoft Haffb Heft, oh-b cxBarara ee 
jiiBofi pyRoft sa bojiocbi cb TaKOio chjioio, hto npniecRa pacny- 
cTHJiacB, h ea nyAHue RamiaHOBue bojioch pasciraajracB no nae- 
iain>. GrapHRB 6ojibho saxBarajTB hxb b*b KyaaK-B. BitfHaa Tep- 
Merra, ciHiaa ce6a norn6mefl, BCRpHRHyjia: 

— Oreist, noHom mbA!.. 

Ahtoh-b, rjiy6oRO BSBOJiHOBaHHuft, 6pocHJica cb yrpoacaiomHMH 
scecTaHH kb omy. $paHcyasa nocoiiAOBajia sa hhitb, cepAHTO 
Bopqa. CxapHKi, ocTaHOBHJi'B hxb noBejrarejiBHBiM'B secroirB naJiKH 
h, BCTpaxHyBi> A^ByniRy co Bceio chjioio, Ha RaRyio ofb 6Hjnb cno- 
co6eHB ,CKA8aJi'B: 

— 064m,ag bhAth sa Bajiiaaapa. SI noroBopio cb hhm-b 
saBTpa. 

Ho TepMerra HH^ero ho OTBimjia. Ohi eme CHJiBHie 
Tpaxflyjn, ee, Maxaa naJiKofi, ho ho pimnjica y^apHTB: ohb 
cosHaBaJiii, He CMOTpa Ha BosSyacAeme, hto y^apHTB cHJiBHie, 



KOHEEfB CTAPHHH. 197 

liifb xohotb. Offb tojibro BcrpaxHBajrB ee, ho Taia> cmbho, too 
Bee ea xpynRoe tIjio hhjio otl 6ojih. 

OcTaBJieHHaa otijom'b, TepMerra lyBCTBOBaaa ce6a 6e3HOMom- 
Hoft noffB aioft Ta&ejioft pyicoft h nojoryMepTBaa, hotth GescosHa- 
TasEHO npocxoHaaa: 

— AiuiaftTe, too xothto! 



xxn. 

Ha Apyroft pfiRb TepMerra nonpoCoBaaa BCiaiB, ho, hotoh 
noxepaBi* cosHame, ynasa Ha RpoBara: OHa ^yBCTBOBaaa o6myio 
pasCHTOCTB h 6ojib bo hcewb riurfc. 

He comma myifa b-b ea ROMHarb, $paHcyasa noAHaaacB no- 
CMOTpiiB, too Cb hgio, h cHOBa yoioxHaa ee bb nocTOHB. Tep- 
Merry ipacjia jraxopaARa. Coc^akh, ysHaB*, too ona CoJiBHa, 
npnniJKH HasicTHTB ee; 6ojt63hb ea bc*mi> noRasaaacb onacHOft. 
HosBasn KOCTonpaBKy, ho Ta, noRa^aB* ranoBofi, saaBHaa, too 
b* noxo6mra 6ojr6sHaxT> mraero He cMHcararb. 

HocJiajra sa aortopomi. Oht> npiixani> Ha CBoeft aejrroft ro- 
6hjt&, xopomo sHaROMoft KpecTBaHaMi. OHa ABHTaaacB TaR* moa- 
jienHO h 6uJia tbr% CMHpHa, too, KaKi> roBopMH RyicymRH, Ha 
Heft xopomo bo3htb aftija. ^OKropx Haraejn y 6oju>Hoft th$i. 
YcjiHrnaBB bto, Ahtohb ^yTB He cornea* CByMa; ynpeRH, roto- 
pHe oht> cairb ce64 Khxawb, He A&Baira eMy noKoa. 

— By^B a Myararaoft, BToro He cayrajiocB 6h, — roBopmrb 
ohi> ce6i. 

Ohb npaxoAHJH) b-b KOimaTy 6ojiBHOft Heimoro CROH^yaten- 
mift, 6oacB bctp4thtb ea BsraaA'&j caAHaca y narojiOBBfl, 6pajn> 

M VJ K Ji H&RHO C^CHMaJIB BB CBOeft H HO SHaJTB, TOO CKasaTB. 

— TepMeTTOHKa, Moa TepMerroiRa, a Te6a otohb juoCjuo! 

— OieHB eft Bama juo6obb tiyraa, Kor^a bh js^&te y6HBaTB 
ee. Bh xaKoft »e yrfcmHTeJiB, RaRi TaRioHerb, — BOCRMRHyaa 
0jD[HasAti $paHcyasa. 

Ho TaKB KaKB Ahtohb ho OTB^HaJTB, OHa npoAoaxaaa: 

— TaKioHerB roBopaxB CBoeft Aonepn, ROTopaa 6oaaac& 
CMepTH: <He OTraaBaftca, a sacTaBJiio bo Bpeica tbohxb noxo 
pom TpesBOHHTB a^jihxb ABa naca». IIpeRpacHoe yrfcmeHie! Bh 
TaRi. jno6HTe TepMeny! a& wo hsi BToro? He A&Bafcre ee y6e- 
BaxB, botb bto 6yAerB Jiy^me! 

— OHa npaBa, — js$wn> Ahtoh-b,— cto THcaTb past npaBa. 
Ecjih 6h a 6ujrb Mys^HHOft... 

H oht> nonpo6oBajiB 6bitb Mys^HHOft. O^Haaypj yxpoirB ? ORa- 
HHBaa BHHorpa^HHKB, CTapmcB Mioses yBHA^JrB AnroHa, ROTopBift 
RaRi-TO cipaHHO Beprkica orojio Hero: to oht> y^apajTB moth- 
Kofi, to ocraHaBjiHBajica, to noABasHBani Jiosy, ROTopaa bobco 



198 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

b* BTowb He Hya«aJiacB, h yKp*AKoft nocMaipuBairb Ha CTapraa, 
Katni oh nsynaa BiipaaeHie ero jnma. 

— Th mh% iriunaemL, He Bepracb nepeffb Hocoirb,— cKasara 
eaiy oxeqi. — CiaHB cnepeflH hjeh csaAH, ho noaanbme. 

Ahtoht* CAiuwurb rpoifaffHoe ycnjrie, hto6h HSBaeiB caoBa hbt> 

CBOefi rJIOTKH. 

Ob Bamero nosBoaeHia... ecjin nosBOJiHTe... 

— ^TO? *ItO TH TaiTb CopMOTOfflL? 

— ; Oieij'b, a o AOHepn... 

CrapHKi oraaA&JPb ero ex yjoriicoft cocTpa^ama; TaKx cmot- 
parb na fftTett, KOTopua nuTaioxca CA$aaTB Hio-HH6yAb CBHrae 
CBOiut cnax. 

— Hy-cx, He CHJiBHa TBoa eapbrama, a Bceroa Te64 bto ro- 
BopE.ni>; TenepB boh 6ojn>Ha. 

Ja, ex Bamero nossoaeEria, 6oabHa; ho noqeMy... no^eicy?.* 

— Jla^HO, dynafl; Konafl! 

Ajitohx BepT&jrb bx pyKaxx najumy TpociHHKa, ho He npn- 
iiHMajicg sa pa6oTy. 

— Konafl, Konafi!— CKasajrb CTapHKx ex npes^iHieMx, acHO 
noKaauBaiomHMX, hto mime CHHa AJia Hero pobho Hinero He 

3HaHBJIO, 

Bh^HHfl Ahtohx ho Morb npoHSHecxn hh caoBa 6oaie; ohx 
tipimaaca KonaTb, npoMHHaa caMoro ce6a. Ero caa6ocTb 6iua 
euy nporaBHa, a hobosmoshoctb npeoAoafab ee atecTOEO Myraaa 
ero. Bx cepAijaxx ohx CTpanmo yAapaax JionaToft; ciaJib opyAia 
8B6fiiia o KaMHH, nona^aBmieca bx seiiai. 

HupoHeiix, ciapHKb He Boso6HOBaaax pasroBopa, nosa aJ- 
BymKa 6naa bx onacHOcra; yBaataa rope CHHa, ohx xpamiax 
yrpioMoe Moaraame. 



Bx ^ohb CMepra BopoAaia Ahtohx cnpaTaax hoax HaB^coMx, 
aa aomomx, odaBmieca orb BmorpaAHHiea KOJiba, npncaoHrax 

HXX KX CTiHi. 

IIo o6HKHOBemK), Be^epoirb npHmeax Mapicx noBHflaTbca ci» 
csoefi noApyroft h yBHAaax onpoKHHyTyio bx AByxx ir&CTaxx 
H3ropoAb h okho TepiieTTH, sacTaBJieHHoe ROJibauH. He cayro- 
jocb jih nero? Ohx ymeax BCTpeBoxeHHHft. 

Ha caiflyiontfl AeHb ohx OAHOBpeiieHHO yaHaax n o6ojt68hh 
^BymKH, h o ea coraacin Ha 6paicx cb BajrrasapoMX. Tor.ua 
MapKx aojyMajTb, hto Koaba nociaBaeHu y OKHa He caynateo, 
a cl HairtpeHieMx. BipoaTHO, coofipaxaax ohx, TepMerra pas- 
CKaaana o6i hxx CBHAaHlaxx h, hto6h noMimaTb hmx, okho sa- 

CTaBHJIH KOabaMH. 

CaMoyB$peHHOCTb coBepmeHHO OTcyTCTBOBaaa y Mapna. Owb 
jeqfro noBipHax, hto TepMerra pasjiH)6naa ero. Rasx Moraa Tep- 



ROHEU.'B CTAPHHH. , 199 

Merra tbkb HsirtHHTBca b* ojsjiwb aem? Enje Biepa OHa yet- 
pajia ero bi cBoeft jhoCbh, — Heyacejm OHa Jirajia? IIo noBO#y 

9T0ft He02CHXaHH0ft H3M4HH OHB H6B0JIBH0 BCnOMHHaJIl TJ XOJIOfl- 

hoctb, KOiopyio nocTOflrao BBneasHBajia 6My ^paHcejima. Heyacejra 
osa TaRB MaJio flopoJKMa mrbl Heyacejia bt> newb 6buo 
hto-to, MimaBmee jhoChtb ero? cMorotb 6htb a HepesB-^ypi 
Aofiprcft MajiHfl, roBopHJii oh* ce6*fc; Moxera 611TB, aceHmHHH 
ho jho6otb TaKHx^ npocTOAynmuxi*; bt> TSROWb cjiynai 
a Bcersa 6y#y HeciacTJiHB'B, hsm^hhtbch a He Mory>. H bb 

8Ty MHHyTy OffB, flfcftCTBHTeJIBHO, 6HJTB HeCiaCTHMraHMB H8B 

jnojefl. 

He pfanaacB nofiTH bb jtpwb Miosejieft, oh*b noflCTeperB $paH- 
cyasy, ROTopaa pascKasaJia eMy npHna^i h spocm Mioses. 

— Ecjth 6h bm ero bhsIjih, — cRasajia cjiyaeaHKa, — npaBO, 
CTpanmie nopra; kb Heicy hojibsa nosciynHTBca, aaace a He no- 
CMijia mraero CKasaTB; bc4xb nepenyrajiB, a ee, (Jiflraaucy, 6ojiBme 
ApyrnxB. Oh'B ipacB ee sa boaocn, KaRB nyroRB rohohjih, Kor.ua 
ero BupiraaioTB hsb seMjm. OHa corjiacnjiacL Ha bc4 Tpe6oBaflia, 

TOJBKO 6H JKBBOft OCiaTBCH. 

9to o6BHCHeme Heimoro yriniMO 64;jHaro Bjno6jieHHaro. 

— Bci bh nopaflO^Hiie Tpycn bb 9tomb floirt, Hanmaa cb 
oma h KOH^aa BaMH; He CBjiriuiH sanjHTHTB ee! — CRasauB 
ohb. — JKeiraystHHRa mo&1 bb RaRifl pyKH nonaaa OHa. Heyaera 
dTorb dapufl CKon> He bt> cocToamH hobuitb, RaRoe coRpoBinije 
y Hero b* bom*? 7 Hero flifiCTBHTejiBHO RaHOHHoe cepwe, 6y- 
xuxBZKb. Oah4xb aMoneKB Ha en njeitaxB floeraTorao, <tto6h 
pacTporaTB MeflBifla, a ohb ee Hcrasaera. $paHcyasa, nycTB 
4ynme oh*b He aoboahto M ena flo 6$meHCTBal Go mhoh) axoro 
eme He cjijraajiocB, ho earn a npHMycB, roctohrh d^jioA He 

OCTaBJUK)! 

— H&TBCOTB TNCflHB XOJiept! ^TO H TOBOpHTB: BH H8BiCT- 
HUft CHJia^B. A, KaKB rOBOpHJTB KaMeHBH^HKB KhHRHHI, HTO 8d 

mryRa pas6HTB TBepjpjfi opixB, Ror^a octb mojiotb. 

— OHa ho BMfiaerB 8a Bajrrasapa; HenpaBfla jva? 3to 
rayrKa. 

— Ona? ILttoxo ace bh ee SHaeie, gcjih coMHftBaeTecB. Ot- 
qero OHa 6ojn>Ha? Otb ropa, ROTopoe eft hphtohhjih HSB-sa BacB. 
IIoBtptTe, OHa yuperb npexAe^ ^wb piniHTca Ha diora 
6paKB. 

He CMOipa Ha yB-fcpeHia $paHcyasu, MapKB He Morb Bep- 
HyTB ce64 npeatHaro cnoKoflcTBia. 064maHie, BupBaHHoe y Tep- 
MerrH, BceTaKH TpeBoauuio ero, Eny Kasajiocb, 3to, ecjin 611 
OHa AiflCTBHTeaBHO ero JnofiHJia, y hoa hc BupBaan 6h hh- 
Kor^a corjiacia, OHa Tepntoa 6h ao KOHUja. 

AfoymRa ioa:e He 6uaa cnoRoftHa. OHa a^ajia MapRa Kaac- 
^ifi BeqepB, ho oht> He hpexoahjii Ha CBHflame; OHa BOo6pa- 



200 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

acajia, too ohb CHHiaerb ee HeeipHoft; 6es% coMfffema, oh*b 
yaeajTB o6b en ipycocTH h ho jhoChtb ea 6oaBme* $pancyasa 
ciapaaaeb ycnoKOHTB ee, nepeaaB* eft CBoft pasroBop* cb Map- 
kgmb, ho OHa He bhojih* yAOBaeTBopnaacB h nocjiajia Kb Heny 
upe^nujjo ManeHLRyio BacKy, npHxoflHBmyio yxaatmaTB sa Hero. 
UyBCTBya, hto ff6ao Hjerb o sjopoBBH, a Moxera 6htb o xhshh 
ero ooApyrH, MapKB nopyraaB $anHH nepesaTB TepMeni, too jdo- 
6oBt ero TaKB ate ropana, Kara h pam>me. BfegH&H CoaBHaa 6aaa 
cHacTJtaBa, Korja Moaoaaa ateHnpHa yB^paaa ee, too cepwe 
Maprca ocTajioct npeacHmrb. 

Ho noieuy ohb He npHxojHJTB kb OKHy hoibio? He CMorpa 
Ha Jiaxop^Ky, OHa 6h a> paaocTBio Bcrana cb nocreaH, OHa 
cofipajia 611 nocatflma chjui, too64 otbophtb eny, ecjiH 6u ycjm- 
majia ycjiOBHHft CHrHaa*. Ho ohb He npExogiiaB, OHa He Moroia 
ofrbHCHHTB ce64 noieicy, n ara HeHBB^CTHOCTB CHOBa noBepraJia 
ee b-l oTqaaHBe. OcTasaacB HaejHBrife cb $aHHH, OHa CpocaaacB 
eft na mew Bca bb caesaxi n roBopHJia: 

— He npaBAa-jui, a yupy? Ckukh, too a yMpy. BiflB bto 
jiyqmee, too Moaerb co mhoio cayraTBca. Ecjih ohb paajnoCHXb 
Meuij. cnepifc 6yjifiTb mohmb cnaceHieira. 

TyppoAHxa xoace npnxojpjia yxaacHBaiB sa 6oaBHoft. Tep- 
iiena cb TpyAOicb Biraocnaa ea npncyTCTBie, ho xa ci» CBoeft 
oOwiHoft caamaBoft HaBas^HBOCTBio croaaa Ha cboobtb. Boo6pa- 
ateeie tjo6ptftniefl Terymrai, Bcerga HanpaBaeHHoe Ha oahht> 
npepterb, co BpeMeHH 6oafeHH naeiiaHHimH aeafcaao HOBua 
mctou. 06* BTOifB OHa roBopnaa h cb Typpo. 

— A too, ecan TepMerra yicpeTB, a? 

— Ohb ohohb Moaoaa, — oiBircaaB totb. 

— Ecan Bon> saxo^erB, Tara h npntiepera ee, h bb 
ea rojoi aro^H yMHpaiorB. Ecan OHa ynpeTB, Kony aocra- 

H8TGH flOlTB OTIja? HaiTB. A 86MaH, TOO BOKpyFB? HaiTB. A 

y^acxoKB oma? HaifB. Mh 6bmh 6h ejHHCTBeHHmiH Hacjrfc*- 
HHKauH. Bee 6uao 6h Hame. Bee, Bee! 

— 3to 6mo 6h y»B CJramKOM'b xopomo, — OTBiraai nopaxemoift 
Fyppo. 

— UoieMy caHnncoirB? By#B Tochoab cnpaBejaHB'B, Ohb 
uuh 6ei HairB 9to yAOBaeiBopeHie. Kasoe CoraTCTBO cpasy! & 
roxoBa naaKaiBOTB paAOCTH. fl TaRi nyBCTBHTeaBHa, too, npaBO, 
pacnjiaKaaacB 6h otb cnacTBH. Y Hea naoxoe sjopoBBe, OHa 
cjiaoa, OHa ropo^CKaa CapHmHa; OHa yMperb— aro BipHO. H TaKB 
HOft MaaeHBKift ryppo, Roicy aocxaHefca see, too HaRonsaB 
Ahtoh^ Ha HameirB-xe so6pi sa 3th 15 afrrbl HaiCB, ryPP°! 
KaEB He CKasaiB, too octb npoBH^Hie Ha He6i! 

HtcKoaBKO AHeft enycia, posucKHBaa rBOSjpi Ha noant 
< rfeHiiaro nuca^a, Typpo Haraeai. cay^aftHO nasen, KOToparo 
on'b sa BHftaaB paHbrae, h KOTopuft, noBHpMOMy, 6£iaB ToaBKO 



KOHBIJB CTAPHHH. 201 

too xyxa nojiomeH'B. BflyipH oitasajicja Cimuft nopomoKB, bos- 
6yABBrnifi ero joo6ohhtctbo. 

— ^to aio TaKoe?— cnpocajrb ohb, jiaaa bhab, hto Kia- 
Aen menoTKy bb port. 

— HjaoflL CKopift, He raoiaft, HecracraHftl— KpHrayjia acny- 
raHHaa BiaHa. 

— %o ace dro TaKoe? — cnpocnjrB obtb cl yAHBJiemeirB* 
OHa KasajiacL CMymeHHOfi. MyTHue iuurca ryppo saawnicB 

BHeaanHHMB 6.necK0M r B. Mparaoe noAOspiHie MeJiBrayjio b*l ero 

yiri; bhab jkohu noATBepAfcUB ero. Ohb TaKB He npHBHKB no- 

ciynaTL cauocTonreJiBHO, hto HiitOTopoe BpeMa ocxaBajica bt> 
HepinraTe^BHOCTH cl naKerowb bt> pyrf*. Kb ero o6uKHOBeHHoft 
TynociH npnCaBHJica crpaxB, HCRasaBmift ero junto. 

— Tojibko He 3to, Biana, wbrb, He bto,— CKasajrb ohb, Ha- 
KOHei^B. — Th TOJecaemB Hacb b*b newno. 

Ohb 6pocHjr& nanerb b*b noMOftHyio aMy. BiaHa noacaoia 
HJieiaMH ci» bhaokb CHHcxoacnema, 

— Botb TpycL!—CKa3ajia OHa clot BpaTHTejibHofi yjiH6K0fi, — 
ho mojkotb bha^tb bb aom^ Aase MumHHOfl oxpaBH. Minna 
Moryn> coapaiB HacB, eciH hmb 8a6jiaropa3cy,mriCfl. 

ryppo oxBaxHJTL ysacB. Ohb cmotp$jib Ha aeHy, 6yAT0 
BApyrb OHa noKasajiacB eiiy HyAOBHmeMB. 

— Co MHOK)... CO MHOft...— CopMOTaJIBOHB,— HTOCA^Jiajia 6h 

th co mho&, ecjiH 6u saxoriuia? 

OHa noxajna iueiaMn, Kara MrayTy nepeAB rhwb, h yaH6- 
HyjiacL Toft me yjorficoft: 

— Mh Kara ABa najibija Ha pyri. H Bee A^aio am naci» 
o6ohxb. 

xxm. 

IIpoBHAime »ejiajio, HOBHAimoMy, qTo6u flo6p4flmafl TOTyniKa 
BiaHa ycoMHHjiacb bb ero cymecTBOBaHm. Th^l mejn> cbohub qepe- 
AOMB, ho hojioaoctb TepMerai noti&AHja 6oji$3Hb. ^foyniKa 
Majro-no-iiajiy nonpaBJUUiacB. OHa oqeHb noxy^iJia. 3arapB co- 
mejTb, OHa omtb cTajna tiiueHBKofi, ho yace He xoft 6$jiH3HOfi, 
KOTopaa TOJibKo enje 6ojiBme OTTiHnerb sAopoBuft pyMHHen.'b, a 
npospauofi farfeflHocTbio, KOTopyio ocrafiJuieTB CTpaAaHie Ha juo- 
amb, 6jih3ko bha&bqihxb ciiepTB. Efl raasa KasajiHCb 6oJibine Ha 
3T0HB ycTajioMB jmqHKi. OHa HOBOjiBHO B036yac,najia cocTpaAa- 
Hie; xpynKan, ocjiatiiBmaa, OHa Kara 6y^T0 He MOiua piinaTb: 

CTOHTB-JIH B03BpaiI(aTBCa KB 3CH3HH. 

BiaHa, h Ha btotb pasB o6MaHyBmHCB bb cbohxb osHAamnxi), 
Bee ace He ocraBJUuia npeacEraxL HanipeHiS. 3aBHCTb, ynopcTBo 
KpecTbaHKH npHAaBajm eg Heno6iAHMyio HacTofiiraocTB, h He- 
yAaqH tojibko yKptnji^jiH ee. 






202 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— dapHKb He xo?en> ociaBHTb cboA Rowb,— Ay*a*a craa: — 
lisrb xyse am Hero. 

Ona onaxB nomjia kt> TioiOHy. BoabHoft roxb okojAjtb. Ko- 
oujia xoase 6mia naoxa. HaAeacB 0Bem> ycmraaca. 

Kam> tojlbko OHa ysHajia, qio mieMAHHEna BCTajia, OHa no- 
uun i; r b Heft, qTo6u boso6hobhtb yraxmiH 6buo ccopu bt> aom* 
ciapinia. OHa jno6e8HO -0CB$A0MHjiacB o s^opoBbi TepMerrbi. 
H3ii-3a MajieHBKaro HeAopasyMiHia OHa> KOHeqHO, ho safiHjia 
CBotis'i. o6H3aHHOCTeft TeTKH h jjaxe MaTepH— b$a* y TepM6TTBI 
H'iiTb poAHoft iiaiepn. 

Ti ■ paieira OTBlwajia, qro lyBCTByera ce6a Bee Jiyqme h jryqme. 

Hy h cjiasa Eory,— cnasajia Biana,— aro oqeHB xopomo, 

Taifb xa» y Tetfa enje aojhkho xBaTHTB chjibi, qio6bi yrimHTBca. 

— Bi qein» me? 

— Tm caiia 3HaemB. Bceiyja 6biBaerb rpycrao TepaTB no- 
KJioHHiiKa. 0, a npeKpacHO sHaio, qio oto Men* He KacaeTc*, ho 
Tbi Blab HaBtpHO cjibimajia, qio Mapra B03Bparaica kb Pn6oxBe. 

PeBHocTb cacajia cepAije TepMeTra. Eh Mapra, ea MHjraft y 
Pafiojibe! OHa xojioaho nocMOTplua Ha TeTKy h, He sejiaa jlo- 
cTaBnTb eft yAOBOJiBCTBie BupaseHieiTB CBoero ropa, npoMOJiqaaa. 

Ho, Kor.ua OHa ociajiacb o^Ha, ray&raoe OTqaHHie OBjiaaijo 
eio. 1 Ito fltjiaTB? T%h pasysnaTB? y $onuopepoB , B OHa He pi- 
majiacB. CoBcftn enje 6oju>Haa, OHa no6$maja Kb Pn6ojBe. 

Ona 8acTajia y aoaoAija $paHcejQHHy, nepeMBiBasmyH) oBoma 
Kb EaueHHOft qamicft. 

Mojioxtifl ffiBymKH HHKor^a paHBme He CTajKHBajiHCb. TiirB 
He McKte oh* npeKpacHO sHajiH Apyra Apyra. TepMeTra hhcthhe- 
thbho qyBCTBOBajia, qTO $paHcej[HHa He oqeHB-TO ee A0JiH)6jiHBaerB. 
II pn Apyrnxi o6cToaTej[BCTBaxi> eft 6hao 6h Tasejio roBopsTB 
c b ufft o CBOHXi cepAeqHMX'b Aijiaxi,. Ho juo6obb h ofiaaHie 
km ah sepxi, h OHa nonua npaiio kt> Toft, ROTopyio cqHTaaa 
cioeft conepmmeft h KOTopaa Kor^a-TO AificTBaTeabHO 6uia ero. 

Out OKHHyjiH APyi"B Apyra tiucTpuirB bsiuhaoicb. 

l^aHcejiHHa oqeHb yAHBHJiacB, noTOity qro, Kara OHa nocjrt 
paacKaauBajia, sajuto 6hao cmotp^tb Ha aosb Mroseaa, lasaa 
cma 6uia CjiiAHaa, cjia6aH ? ci> 6jry»AaBinHirb h jiHXopaAoqHo 
• LiocrliBniHirbBBopoirB. TepMerra cb ropeqBio jnofioBajiacB iiBtxy- 
mitan* 3AopoBbein>, pockohihuitb CTaHoro, MoryqQirB podoirb npe- 
Kpacuoft AO^epn PnfiojiBepoB'b; OHa yraAUBajia fb Heft Hacrofl- 
myio jpecTMHKjr, KOTopaa juofojra A^peBHio Tasoft, KaKB ona 
ecTb. Eft-T0 BipHO jih)6obb HmcorAa He npnqHHjuia CTpaAamft. 
KaKoe npeHiiymecTBO HaA* TepMenoftl 

— i>paHcejiHHa, — cicasajiaoHa 6e3i> AajiBHiflinHxinpHroTOBJie- 
nifl,— npasia m, qxo Mapicb CHOBa sa BaMH yxasHBaerb? 

— A, XaRB 9T0, SHaqHTB, BLI AOBOJIBCTByeTeCB MOHMH o(h&Mr 

KaMH?— HaAMeHHO cnpocajia ropAaa xtaymKa. 



KOHEU.B CTAPHHH. # 203 

— OTBtqaflTe mh4, BaMi> duo HHiero He ctootb. 

* — A TenepB bh fftraeTe sa hhmb? 9to ayqmee cpejjcTBo 
sacTasHTB ero y64aca-n> enje CKopie. fl rop^o otfpanjaiocB cb 
mohmh noooHHHKaMH, a Meacay TiMi) hxb y MeHH He Majio; y 
MeHH hxt> ctojibko, wo He otiepemBca. A bli, Kara h BHacy, H6 

CJIHIIIKOMB CaMOJIK)6HB£I. 

— H&tb, a He caMOJ»o6HBa. <fl Tara HeciacrHa,— CKa3aaa 
TepMerra, m cjiesu noKasajmcB y Hea Ha raasax*. — Bh BHjHTe: 
a tojibko too onpaBHjiacb orb 6oa$9H&, a caatia, MeHH mo«ho 
noasaafrrB. Ho ecjrn Mapsi> pasasotiHTB MeHH, caMaa shshb da- 
Herb mh6 bb TnrocTB. fl He Mory »htb 6e3i> juo6bh. Ohb oahhb 
jho6hjib MeHH, h ecjiH ohi> He jno6Hrb mohh 6ojn>me, h npoKJumy 
CMepTB, He BSHBmyH) MeHH bo BpeMH ropaqra. He 6yjbTe ace- 
ctokh ko mh4, BaMB Heqero acaaoBaTBca Ha cywbtiy, oto bhaho 
no BameMy Jinnj; ecjin bbi He xoraie HaBaeqB Ha ce6a ne- 
cqacTBe, 6yflBTe CHHCxoftHTeaBHu kb ,npyrHMT>, h nycxL Bora co- 

XpaHHTB BaCB OTB TaKHXB CTpaAaHifi, KaKB MOH. 

«3th cjiOBa TpoHyjm KpacaBHijy. 

— H aabho yace He BHjjajia MapKa, — cKasaaa ofla,— h ohb 6h 
noHanpacHy TepaaB BpeMH, ecjinfiu BepHyaca ko MHi. fl ho 

JlK)6jlK) TaKHXB yMHBKOBBI CaHHIKOMB Tpy^HO ynpaBjuHTB HMH. 
ECJIH 3T0 MOSOTB BaCB yCHOKOHTB, H, HOacaayft, CKaacy BaMB, 1TO 

y MeHH yace octb sohhxb. H btotb HecqacTHtift— EaaTasapB. 
_ BaaTasapi? 

— ^a, 9to moh <f>aHTa8ia. 0m> oqeHB xoponrB, KOiyja Moa- 
mm h mbicjih He cjuhhikomb 6esnoKOHTB ero. Tepniit ho Mory 
yMHHKOBB — Bcer^a-TO ohh npaBH. TaKB KaKB h 6yxy ero se 
Hofi, ohb MeHH tfyaerB cqflTaTL ayqmeft seHn^HHofi bb mp%; h 
6epycB, BnpoieMB, xoBasaTB 3to eMy 6e3B noMonpi apnoMeTHKH. 
Ohb mh4 oqera HpaBHTCH. CaMufi raynufi, Kasoro a tojibko 
Moraa Haftm 

— A MapsB ho BOSBpantaaca kb BaMB 6oaie, bh npaBAy 
roBopHTe? 

— Horn ero Tyrb ho 6hjio cb Haqaaa roja. Ecjih ohb h 
xoahtb Kb MeTpaaio vb ero iiiKoay, to kb HaMB yse 6oaBme He 

3aXO£HTB. 

IIpHpO^a CHJIBHO HSMiHHJiaCB CB T&XB HOpB, KaKB TepMeT- 

Tacaeraa: jepeBBa yxe seaeff&aH, cMHTue ancTOiKH, KasaaocB, xpa- 

HHJIH CjAjl^ 6pOX6HiH COKOBB, SaCTaBHBmarO HXB BBlfiTH H3B 

noqeKB. Bee BOKpyrB CBepnajio no^B ropaqHMH ay^aMH cojhip; 
oho, Ka8aaocB, jraao sojioto Ha seiuuo. 

Bmjio 6u 6jaropa3yMHie ceftiacB ace BosBpaxHTBCH aomoA, 
ho TepMerra He Moraa sacTaBHTB ce6a Boftm bb syniHLia kom- 
HaTH. Pa^ocTB acH3HH oxBaTHjia ee. OHa thxohbko uiaa baojih 
xopora, h cepAue ea 6uao nepenojiHeHO KaKHMB-TO CMyrauMB, 
ho paAOCTHMMB BOJiHeHieMB. OHa roTOBa 6ujia pacnaaKaibca 



1 



204 nrcGEOK bomctbo. 

s»~sa nycran. Ona ioito npocroaaa nepex* rpjnnoi an, 
juotiyacB nepeamaxH rtaeft Ha xhctbhxv 

Bapyrb ona ycauxaaa xopomo maKomrf roaoc*, Hanfaaa- 
mift KaKjio-TO ir&ceuy. 

— Kan xozen on h*», xorja a Tan (foam, Tan crpa- 
AMO?— noxyMau owl— H hto eiiy Tyro Hyamo? 

Onan conrfcHia saapaucB eft bt> Aymy. Cka cnparaaact sa 
asropoA*, hto(5u cj&ahtb aa MapEoin.. Eft noaasaaoc*, no orb 
HanpaBaaaca n lOMy PafojBepoBB. 

— H3ntHHHKT>! — ocasaaa oaa cetffc.— On Mera 6ojn>me ho 

JjrfHTB. 

Oaa TOTiacB ace noAyxaaa o CMepra. Ho npeacje q4n yiie- 

POTB, OHa OTOXCTHTB, X yxaCHHH KapTHHU M6CTH HpOHeCXHC* 

to en Boo6paseBdH. 

Ho Mapn jaace He cxorpixb bt> cropOHy Aoaa Pafone. 
On nomen no aopori baojb asropoAH, sa soTopoft OHacnpa- 
Tajiacb. Torja OHa pftmiuacB ouHKHytB ero. Ohh k&ab tan 
XEbho He BHAaiHCB. Kan on otipaAyerca! Bee spyroirb 6uao 
nycruHHO h thxo. Hopun ciacrBa, mojoaocth oxsanurB ee. 
BojiHa ropaqeft kpobh xauHyaa eft n roaoBy, h pynaHen;B no- 
Kpun tfjrfeflHHfl meKH. 

Ona nossaaa ero. Mapn tiucTpo otiepHyica. OHa no^6i- 
saaa n HeMy h otianjia ero meio pysaMH. 

— - 0, Moft Mapn, Kan a cqacwiHBa, ito Beacy Te6a. Kan 
xopomo, hto a npHmia CfOAa. II Bee npomaro cyabtfi sa to, 
4to ona ycrpoHJia Hamy Bcxpiqy... 0! mh$ KaaceTca, <ito a Bin 
Tetfa He BH^ajia. Tu Hera Bee enje juo6Hmb? 

— Bu JIM 9T0? TBI JttH 9T0?— rOBOpHJTB BSBOJIHOBaHHUft Mapn, 

pacrporaHHiift npOHCiaeameft bi> Heft nepeiriiHoft. 

— Tu MeHH Bee eme juoGhhib? 

— MecTHoe cjiobo, ao cyMacmecTBia,— oTBiTHjrBOHBpaAOCTHO. 

— Tu Mettfl awCHinB, Kan npea^e? 

— ropa8AO cuBuie. HmorAa speiia He TjrayjiocB am mchh 
Tan AOJiro, Kan bo BpeMa TBoeft 6ojt63hh. fl AyMan, ito eicy 
KOHija He (SyAerb. 

— Axb, ecintiu tbi SHan, ckojibko a HaTepniaacb! 
HoTpaceHHaa cshhikomb chjibhumb BOjraeHien, TepMena ne 

BUAepsajia h, BcnoMHan o cbohxb crpaAaHiaxi, paspuAaxacB, 
npnacaBniHCB n rpyAa csoero Apyra. A on, noAHan ee cb somjih, 
thxohbko yicaqHBajrB ee, Kan pe6eHKa. OHa 6mia Taxaa xpyn- 
xaa, TaBaa jerKaa, hto Mapn 6ujn> TpoHyrb jj,o cjen. 

— Tu, 3HaqHTb, h BnpaBAy MHoro cTpa^ajia? 

— Axi! eCJIH TU M6HH JH06HHIb TOJIBKO BB HOAOBHHy, Ban 

a, a h to 6yAy pa#a. Ho tu HHKor^a ho nojuofiamb Mena, Kan 
a Te6a jlio6jik). Tu He c^yMiemb. Ecjih6bi neHH He CTaio, tu 
6u yrfimajica. Ho ecjin tu 6pocamb MOiia, a yxpy— cjiumamB? 



KOHEIJB CTAPHHH. 205 

Bb OAHOHB Te64 BCJ1 MOJI KH8HB. ECJIH Mfffc CySA6H0 611^6 h4- 
CKOJIBKO CqaCTJIHBUX'L J^Hefl Bl> 2KH3HH — TBI OAHHB MOKeniB AaTB 

hxb ami. Ha Te6a bca moa HaAesAa* Bci Apyrie ocrop6ju3iotb 
M6hh 7 tu oahhb yitfieinB Meafl jqo6htb. CicaacH mh$, HTO TBI 
MeHH sjo6Emh, cieaacH, qro a iiory Te6i aok&phtbca. Uor^ijiyft 
mghh, ito6bi a Te6i noBipnjia. 

Ohr KpinKo noirfuoBajiHCb. Mapra, tiojrfie tijiaropasyMHBift, 
nocMOTp*jn>, Hirb-jjH Roro nn6yAB no 6jih30cth. 

Xora ohb He yBHA*jn> h He ycjmmajrb hhkoix), ho hbb octo- 
posHocra ohb noBejn> ee Ty^a, rx& HaiHHaacfl MajieHbrifi Ky- 
CTapHHKB, noEpuBaBmifl ckjiohb npnropRa, Ha Bepmnfffc koto- 
paro pocjiH 6ojiBmifl aepeBbH. Ohb 3Haxb TairB yroJORB, 17$ 

OHH MOrJIH CnpHTaTBCH OTb HeCRpOMHBIXB BSOpOBB. OhH yC&MCB 

Ha TpaBt, hoab sajiHTofi cojraneirb jihctboA. JI4to 6ujio bb pas- 
rapi, Bee shjio aonpyrB. HaciROMiin sysacajH; RasajiocB, cjubioiho 
(fcuio, KairL nepejiBBajiHCB cokh bb Tpasi. BepxymRH AepeBBeBB, 
KojieCjieMUH b4tpomt», menTajiHCb tomb-to. Hhcthhrthbho, 
6ojicb HapymHTB rapMouiio npnpoAU, ohh Haiajra tobophtb thxo. 
MapKB oftbHCHHjrB, noqeMy ohb He abjuijich Ha CBHAaHta, 
aTepMOTia pascRasaja cboh H6B8roAu; ohb no BpeMeHauB c»h- 
Majn> KyjiaKH, cayman secTOROcraxB Mrosejw, h memajTb: 

— A, HeroAHfll Axb, ohb cTapufi apa6i! 

BpeMH otb BpeneHH ohh cjuimajra ctjrb AepeBflHHbixi> 6am- 
MaKOBB 6yjiBi3KHHRB Aopora. TorAa ohh saAepacnBajH AHxaHie 
h H8B-8a rydofi ihctbbi paarxflAHBajiB npoxoaaro. Ohh cmbho 
HCnyraaHCb, Koraa y8H&iH bb oahohb hsb npoxosnxB, hcbojibho 
HapymHBmHXB hxb yeAffneHie, ciaparo Mj03ejui. ^a, ohb ca- 
Mtifi, cb manKoft Ha 6eRpeHB, flepaca cepm> noAB MBimRofi, cny- 
cnajiCH cb ropu, cb HesaBucHMuirb bhaomb RpecTBfiHHHa, qyB- 
CTByion^aro cetfa xoshhhohb CBoero Aona. TepMerra Apoxaja. 
MapKB menHyjiB efl, qTo jihctbh h noarayiifl pacremn TaRB ry- 

CTO nOKpBIBaiOTB H8rOpOAB 9 HTO CB AOpOHf HXB HeBOBMOJKHO 3a- 

k&thtb. 7 Hero MejibKHyjia mbicjib xotb Heimoro otomcthtb CTa- 
pnRy. Ohb npn&seRB rb ce64 MOjioji,yio A^BymKy h bb to Bpesui, 
RaRB ciapHKi*, TaRB chjibho CTapaBmificH paajiyqaTb hxb 7 nopoB- 
hhjich cb hhmh, ohb en^e pasB noi^^JiOBajiB ee AOJirHMB noiji- 
jiyeiiB, cb TaRHMB jiyRaBCTBOMB nocifaTpHBan to Ha Aopory, to 
bb rjiaaa CBoefi Mfljiofl, qTO ohh 06a rpoMRo pascMiajiacb, jihihb 
tojibro CTapHRB OTomejTb noAajiBme. 

— Orapufi apa6i 9 — cRasajiB MapRB, — y Hero b^pho bb ymaxB 
3a3BeHijio. Ilpn Bcefi CBoefi xhtpocth ohb He noMimajTb h ne 
noMtmaerb HaHB jik)6htb APyn> Apyra. Ecjih6bi y Hero Korjja 
HH6yAB 6ujia TaKaa-se xopomeHBRaji noApyra, RaRB y Memi, 
ohb, 6uTb MoaceTB, He 6bub 6u iaKB acecTORB. Ho ero BpeMH 
nponuo, ero cepAue nycTO n He 3an,BiTerb bhobb. TenepB HamB 



1 



206 PycCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

qepe^b. Mh mojioabi h 8a HaMH nocjr&AHee cjiobo. #a sApaB- 
cTByerb shshb! He 6yAeirB oTqaHBaraca. 

— Ho ckojibko BpeMesH mbi tiyAeirB ohhtb pasjyqeHbi,— bsaox- 
Hpa TepMerra* — A Tairb Hecqacraa AOna. 

*- 4 to AiuaTb! KaKE a hh CMeHB, a se Mory sanprriiTB 
ie6a\ 

— Ero npHBOAHTb n 64aieHCTBO Heciacria bt> HameMi 
xirfjay, BecB HanrB ceotb (toseHB, h ohb roBOpmrB, qxo a bhhoA 
Beeiiy. H 6oH)Cb ero. Atb, ecra 6u tbi Bwfejrb ero Torj,a: Kara 
OH-h upiriajiB h kojiothjtb 6bikobt»! Haeroamifi qopn», — Kara oht> 
CTpameirb! 

— il jiojoshtoabho ho noHHMaio, qTO y Baci Tairb tbo- 
Phtch. IIoBa BajiTasapi Chjtb tbohitb seHHxoirB, a noAospi- 
Bajrhj qio aTO hxt> nnyKH. Ho TenepB, Korjia ohb pimHTeabHO 
aceHHTc/i na $paHcejraK&, a BHsy, qTO omiifiajica. Ho kto se 
rb cemomb A$a* oTpasjiaeTB Bam* ckotb? A npodo He npa- 
ay Maw, Saqim? Ct> KaKOd itfuibfo? Bu no yipaitb, ito-jih, aairb- 
qaeTCj qTO oiyqHjiocB HecqacTbe? 

— KoHeqHO. PasBi tbi He 8HaemB, qTO aomobbio pa6oia- 
iorb Hoqbio. 

— AoMOBBie? ?opTB notiepa! PasBii tbi hmt, Btpnmb? 

— Kara se He b$phtb? Tbi bhahihb, qTO y HacB AimaeTca. 

— 3to Bee CTapua 6peAHH. ^omoboA! Xot&tb 6tt a ero 

BCTpiTETb CB XOpOfflHMH BUaMH BB pyKaXfc. fl HOrOBOpK) 06*B 
9T05n> Cb TB0HM1) OTIJOHb. 

CTpauHufl myra nocjiBimaaca vb ortcy Ha^B hhmh. Eyjus- 
abkb CKaTHjica bt> TpaBy a KycTapHHicB aa^BHrajica doab qBHMH 

TO HeBHJilHUMH pyKaMH. OhH 6bICTp0 nOXHaJH rOJIOBU H Cb He- 

BHjuuiiMMm CMyn^emevB yBHA$JiH, q-ro kto-to Ha mra cmo- 

TpHTb. 

Ho ohh ceflqaci se ysnara Be33a6oTHaro. XpoMofi cara 
6ujb Heusoro cMymeHB rftra, qio noTpeBosnjTB hx-b. Bcer^a 
Becejibift, ohb saTKHyjrB Biwcy ijBlnymaro paKHTHHKa sa jieHiy 
CBoefi nuanu. Cb JiacKOBoft yjiBitiKofi, cb jjJiHHHOft c&Aoft 6o- 
po^oS, m> jioxHOTBaxi, OKpyseHHiift 8ejieHBio, ohb Cbijtb noxosi 
oa GTaparo jiicHoro 6ora, o«e»Aa KOToparo ho B08o6HOBjuuacB 
cb rfcx-b nopB, KaKB 6orn noKHHyjiH somjih). 

Epowa onnpajica Ha sacTyni, kotopbimi ohb KonajrB Tpio- 

4» ejiB no,** Ay6aMH. OcTaHOBHBmHCb Messy AByMa KycraiiH, ohb 

ne SHajn,, yxoAHTB jra eMy hjih hoaoAth tfjinse, n Bee yjibi6ajica 

AofipojiymHoft h jiacEOBofl jjlu6kqA, KOTopaa, Kaaajiocb, roBopHja: 

KairB xopoma mojioaoctb! 

HnKonem, ohb piniHjica h, CA^JiaBi npasoft pyicoft secTB, 
jicao BupasaBHiifi: cHa SAopoBBel 6yABTe cqacuiHBbi!> — CKpBLica 
wb jrficy. 

Bn!o6jxeHHBie cHOBa pascMia^HCb. Mapsi ^onuopepi, npo- 



KOHEfl^ CTAPHHH. 207 

CTEBmeeB cl AfoymKoft, tipocHJCfl no cjiiAaarb Be3$a6oTHaro h 
AoraajrB ero bb jiicy. Ohb cxBaranrB ero honepeKB rfjia h, Be- 
cejio, no^6pacuBaH cbohmh chjibhumh pyj-caifH, hobtophjib: 

— XpOMOfi, XpOMOftI TOTB, KTO OTHBMeTB J MeHH TepM6TTy, 

He 6y^erb mh4 apyroMB. ILaoxo eMy npHAeTCH, a? 

— JIaAHo! JIaAHo! Bu m h& cuoMaeTe qTO Hn6yAB, — acajiotfflo 
CKasajra Aotipflffb. — IIocTaBBTe-Ka bu user octoposho Ha seiuuo. 

XXIY. 

AHTOHB HOHJTB tfUKOBB BB PJTOB4 H ofiOApJHTB HXB HOCBH- 

CTtiBaHieMT). JKhbothkhj, CTynHBi) nepeAHHMH HoraiiH bt> pyqeft, 

HHJIH MeA^eHHBIMH TJIOTKaMH. IIIeH HXT> paCIHHpflJIHCB, H OHH 

AOJiscHLi 6eijuc noAHHMaTB KBepxy roAOBu, ito6u BOAa Monia 
npofiTH bb sejiyAOKi; tohkui CTpyfiKH tokjih hsb hxb oropu- 
thxt> ptobb h o6pasoBajra BORpyrB ry6B cepe6pflHyio tiaxpony. 
HacTynajia hoib, AneBHoft mym> CTHxajrB. Bb Bosjiyxi, HeotiuKHO- 
BeHHO npospaqHOMB, HecjiHCb 0T0BCH>Ay HejiCHue, HeonpeAiaen- 
Hue SByKH. Ehkh, BOSBpanjajicB bb cboh dofijia, MtiqajiH h hatb 
OTKjitiKajiHCb ETb AepeBeHcrie TOBapHmH. MapEB 3Hajn>, <ito bb 
3to BpeMfl OHt HaflAeirB AHiOHa HenoAajieKy orBAOMa. Ohb npn- 
mejiT) noacejiaTB eMy Ao6paro Beiepa, b, noica $paHcyasa saro- 
uiijia 6hkobt> b'b doftjia, ohh c4jih notiecbAOBaTB. 

— fl BHA&KCH CB TepM6TT0ft,— OTKpOBeHHO CKasajTB MOJCOAOft 

qejiOB^KB,— mu no npesHeMy jih)6hmb jjpyrbjjpyra h, KaicL a hh 

Ha KOMB, KpOMi He*, H6 KeHJGOCB, TaKB H OHa H6 BUtL^Tb HH 3a 

Koro Apyroro saMyatB. Mu pinraaiH »AaTB. ,3,4a* MOseTB nepe- 
AynaTB h corjiacHTBca Ha Hann> 6paKB, HaKOHeijB; xoth He xopomo 
ocHOBUBaTB cboh HaAe»AH na CMepTH 6jiHatHflro, ho BceiaKH 

JftOSHO AyMaTB, HTO OHB He npOKHBOTB CJIHIEKOMB AOJITOI OHB 

TaKB CTapB, a TepMeTTa enje oiem* MOJioAa. ?to se KacaeTca 
MeHfl, to Moft 6paTB aceHarb, y HacB bb aoit& ecTB xosaAka h 
HHKOMy E&Tb A*Jia y KorAa a acemocB. fl noAOSAy h4ckojibko 
jAtb, MeHfl 9to He nyraeTB. OAotipjieTe jih bu Hame pimeaie? 
Ahtohb noKaqajiB rojioBoft h OTBfrrHjn>: 

— Ecjih TepMena TaKB xonerB, to eh HHqero Apyroro He 
sejiaio. BorB CBHAiwejiB, qTO a xoqy tojibro en cqacibH. Y 
xeHH He xBaiaeTL bojih, qio6H sanjHTHTB TepMerry otb oTi^a, 
HeysejiH a HafiAy bb ce64 chjiu npHHOBOJiHBaTB ee. Ho Moeny 
Bee, qTO OHa A^aerb, xopomo. 0, ec;iH6B a snaorB paHbine, sasB 
ujioxo ne hm4tb HHKaKofi BjiacTH y cb6h AOMal Ho Tenepb dToro 
He HcnpaBHraB— cjihidkomb nosAHO. 

— fl. 6ujib yBipeHB bb BameMB corjiacin, Ahtohb, bli aoo- 
pufl qejiOB^BB. Cmotphto Ha mohh, Kara Ha cuHa. 7BacB ecn> 
BparH, KOTopue Bpe^rb BaiiB; cKaanTe imi, Koro bli noAo- 
8piBaeTe? 



208 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— HacB OKOJftOBajiH, Hoft 6*AHHft ^pyn>, bto oqeBHAHO. 

— H4tb, Ahtoht>, KOJixoBCTBa He cymecTByeTi, — bto npej- 
pascyjjoirb daparo BpeMeHH. Ecjih 6u bc4 .nyiiajiH, Kara h, 
to Kaicofi HH6yAB jiypaKi), Bpojji TiojiOHa, He npeACTaBjrajicH 6bi 
KOJinyHOMi) h He nyrajn> AepeBeHCKift Hap0A?>* Ecjih BanrB ckotb 
6ojrfeerb, sHa^HTB, kto HHtiyAB ero oTpa&MeTO, MoseTe 6htb 
yBipeHti. PyqaiocB rojioBofl, qro KT0*Hn6yAB sa6HpaeTCH vb 
Bamy pnry HoqBK), Kor.ua bh bc4 chhtc 

— Kaamyio ho^b, KorAa hto ratfyAB cjiyqHTCH, cotfara He- 
hctobo jiaera. roBoparb, qro co6aKH jiarorB Tan, Kor.ua npnxo- 

AHTB npHBBA^Hie. MR BTO 8aM$THJIH. 

— HaBtpHO y npHBHK&Hiii, Ha KOTopoe jaiorB cofoKH, Ta- 
rn* »e kocth h Koaca, Kain> y iieHfl, h bto AOKaacy. Ecjih cnpa- 

TaTBCH HOqBK) BT> pHiy, H ystpeHB, 1T0 M02BH0 HOACTOpeqB BTO 
HpHBHA^Hie. a XOTJUft npOAJIOSHTB BaVB BTO, Ahtokb. 

KpeCTBHHHH'B E0Jie6aJICA. Oh"B H KfipHJTb, H He BipHJTB Vb 

HeiHCTyio CHjiy, h Taicaji HeysipeHHOCTB 6ujia am Hero xyace, vbwb 
KaKoS 6u to hh 6ujio onpe^tjieHHtifi bbtjaxi. Okb He SHajra, 
wftifB ^h*b pncKyerB, h eMy CTaHOBHJiocB enje CTpaamie. Ho ace- 
jiaHie coxpaHHTB CBoe Aotipo bbhjio Bepxi. Ohh ycjiOBHjiHCB hh- 
KOMy He roBopnTB o CBoeirB HanipeHiH, i\iaBHuin> o6pasoirB 
noTony, hto a^Wb He noTepn*jn> 6m npncyTCTBin MapKa bt> cbo- 
HXi) Bjaa^iHiiixt; KpoMi ioro, TaKt naicB aomobhitb 6ujtb, b4- 
POhtho, oahkb H3i acnrejieft aepeBHH, to He Kb qeMy 6buo 
npeAynpeatAOTB ero. 

H^crojibko Hoqefi cpjiAy ohh npoBejin Ha cojionii, He CMUKan 
rjiasi, MapKB bt> KOHronrai, soropyio cqHTajn> 6oji*e onacHtiirb 
MtcTOMi), a Ahtohb— vb phi*. Totb h Apyrofi <5hjih BoopyaceHH 

OCTpHMH BHJiaMH. 

— Botb bhahto, ito 9to npHBHAime, — roBopHjrB ynaBmift 
xyxoMi Ahtohb. — Oho npenpacHo SHaeri, *to mh ctopokhvb 

3A&CB, HOTOMy H H6 HOHBJIHeTCfl 60Jl$e. 

— AifiCTBHTeJIbHO, HT0-T0 H6 HOHBJUieTCfl, — OTBftqajTB 

Mapsi.— Ho — xepniHie! KorAa mm 6yAeirB Mefffce Bcero o Hem 
AyMaTB, Tor.ua oho h hohbhtch. 

OAHasABi HoqBH) paapasHjiacB CTpamHan rposa. rpoirB orjiy- 
mHTejiBHO rpoxoTajii hoa^ CBOAaMH He6a, BiTepi saBLiBajrB bt> 
BepmHHarL jjepeBbeBi). Oejii CHjiBHuft aosab; crohihacb hb 
yrjiyfijieHiflx-b Kpumn, oht> myMHUMH noTOKam cpuBajicn Ha 
sexjiK). 

CTponHJia noA*B Hanopoirb 6ypn no BpeiieHairB HSAaBajiH sa- 
jioChbiS CKpHn-b, HapyiuaBmift riyfoKyio THmHHy BHyTpn ko- 
HiomHH, THmHHy, cocTaBjLHBmyft pisKifi KOHTpacTB cb myM0MT> 6ypa, 
HeHCTOBCTBOBaBniefi CHapysH. atHBOTHUH jiesa nepesesuBajH 
acBaqKy. Ho BpeMeHavB, BCTpeBOseHHiie myMOHi 6ypn, ohh ho- 
BopaqHBajiH tojiobbi m> dopoHy MapKa, npuennaro rb yrjiy 



KOHEIJ'L CTAPHHN. 209 

Ha cojioirt, h Commie raasa hxt> cb*thjihcb fl hotooitb Mpaici. 
MapKa, KOTopuft Bootfnje HHqero He 6oMca, kjiohhjio so cny. 
%o6bi paacfi^TB cohb h j6htb BpeMH, ohb pascwrnBajTb, hto 
ctootb kohiodihh Miosejw: TpH ocTaBmiecft BOJia CToarb cto 

CeKbJSfiC&Tb 9KH). XOM OftHKB H3T> HHXT> He HapHUft, MapKB BCe- 

Tara Aajrb 6u sa hex* cto ceub^ecsm bkio. %o se KacaeTC* 

KOpOffb, TO BpeHHLeTTa, HanpHMipi), CTOHTB Tp^ppTB 8KK). A 
CTOHTb-JIH OHa, BT> CaHOlTB ;$jr6, TpHffiaTB 9KK)? Offb OTKpH- 

Baen, rjiasa, ?to6h BsiuurayTB Ha Hee bt> Teafflorfc, cb Koropofi 
yae ocbohjch. 

?to 3a crpanHocTB! BpeHHBeTra npeBparanacb vb Eosy. 
Kara Morjia OHa CTaiB kosoU, Korsa ohb npeKpacHO 8HaeTb, ito 
OHa KopoBa? Oht> saKpturB raasa, qTo6u cotipaTBC* cb mhcjhmh, 
ho HHEasB He Horb hohhtb, bt> ^eiTB Tyn> a&jio. ^ojubho 6htb, 

OHB CHHTB. DpOCTO Ha npOCTO, OHB BHAHTB BCe 9T0 BO ch*. Te- 

nepB ohb He yBipenB aaase, 6tuiajiH BpeHHBeTra KOiyja HH6y;u> 
KopoBofl. Bi HacTOfln^yio MHHyTy OHa Kosa, <ito Tyn, tobophtb, 
Kor^a OHa ctohtb nepe#B hhvb. Ohb Brju^iuiCH BHHMaTejbHie. 
BpeHHBeTra crojua Ha sa^HHXi Horarb h, noBHXHMOMy, *yBCTBo- 
Bajia cetfn npeKpacHO bt> btoitb noaoacemH. Eosa, xoAHnjaH Ha 
saAHHxi Horaxi), noKasajacB euy otohb sa6aBHoft, h obtl pas- 

CMiflJICfl. 

Hirb, oht> nojiosHTeaBHO Bee nepenyTaorB. BiflB K03u ace 
Bcena xoaatb Ha saAHHXb Horaxi? TIeMy xyrb yAHBJiaTBCfi? 
OqeBH^Ho, ohb onflTB sacHyjTB. Ho pas* ohb noHHMaerb, qxo 
sacunaerb, 8Ha?HTB, ohb ho Cnnrb. «Bo ch4 h He mofb 6m 3a- 
M'hiHTb, mo 3acunaio», pimHjrb ohb. 

BpeHHberra cbo6oaho pacxasraajia Ha saAHUX'B Horaxi, Kara 
(JyATO OHa bo bcio khshb HHqero gpyroro h He jjiuiajia. OHa 
noBopaiHBajiacB bo Bci ctopohh. «TIto ace oto? OHa, aoijbho 
<$htb, ho npHBHsaHa? noAyMajn> Mapra. OKOHqavejiBHO a ho 
chjiio; Borb k&ab a npeKpacHO SHaio, too kosb Kb KOHJomH* 
npHMsuBaiorB. Ha^o nojiaraTb, qio Ha Hee satiiura HaKHHyTB 
BepeBKy B^epa , BenepoMi > . 

BpeHHBeTra npn6jiH8HJiacb Kb ero yrjry, h bto noieMy, to 
npnBejio ero m ysacb. 

<KaEi>Hrj[yn , B!— noAyMajrBOHB 9 — 9to aohoboS, eft-Bory,9TO «o» 
MOBofi, BpeHHberra h ecTB somoboS,— TenepB Bee hcho». Xoth Bee 
h 6ujio flCHO, ho BpeHHBeTTa CTOfljia nepe^ hhitb, Kan Kom- 
Mapi), orb KOToparo hobosmosho OT^JiaTbCH. Ohb yse ho ot- 
AaBaji'B ce64 6oj[bme OTieTa, saqiirB ohb awajrB ^OMOBoro, ho 
xucjiB, qTo dTOTB aomoboS npn6jiHsaeTCH kb HeMy, Hanojmiijta 
ero yacacoirB. ^omoboA hoaxoahjii> Bee 6jihso h (fcrase, Borb 
OHb HacTynHJn Ha Hory cn^maro. 

— Boace Mofi, — BCKpH^ajn Mapicb, bcbohhbb Ha Horn cb 
BHjiaMR fb pyKaxi>,— vhpj> a 8acHyjn>. 

M 8. Osgfcn I* 14 



1 



210 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

JEhbotho6, KOTopoe offb npHHHHajTB CHaqajia sa BpeHHberry, 
a nuTosii sa aomobon), chjbho ncnyrajocb HeosHxaHHaro noiiB- 
jTi'iii,! MapKa h <5iroMT> nycTHJioct kt> par*. CosHame s^ctbb- 
TCjn.Hoan ceifaaab se BepHyjocb Kb Mapsy. 

— Ahtohb, AhtohT)! — Kpaqajrb OHb, — bote oht>! ohi 64- 
;-kuti. k'l Bam> B*b pnry! JHepame ero! ax* pas6oftHHKT>! He jpfiTe 
eay ycEojibsnyTb! 

OHb TaKrae RHHyjicfl b-b noroHio sa 9thmt» $aHTacTHiecKHirb 
cymecTsoirb, KOTopoe Kan 6y«ro BbiHiipHyjio H8i> ero chobha4hui. 

IIoKa oht> Ao64sajrb orb kohjoiiihh ao ABepefl pnrH, vb peri 
paaurpbiBancB apaiia; oht> ee He BHAfoft, ho pascjuiinajr* cji4- 
Ayiomifl cioBa: 

— Kto (5m tei hh 6ujn>, a He nymy Tetfa, — KpHiajrb Ah- 

TOU'b, B'hpOflTHO CXBaTHBmift AOMOBOK). 

lycra, HjiH a Tetfa y6bH), — noBejiHTejiBHo CKasaxb ro- 
jioct, n iKasaBmificH Mapny SHasoMbMrb. 

iaKT>, 9T0 BH, TiOJlOffb? — CKasajrb Ahtoht>, TaBace y8HaB- 
mifl 9Torb rojiocb. 

li'b pari pasAajic* Buorplurb, sa KOTopuirb nocjiAOBajio 
najn'ide riua, CTpanrauft Kpnirt h HacMinuiBBoe BOCEjau^aHie 
TiojiOHa: 

— Tivb xyse jjia Bacb! no KpaftHeft aripi bh He hobto- 
piiTt- iiHKOMy Moero hmchh. 

MapKi npH6tacaj*b Kairb pasT> b^ to BpeMH, Korjja sa sa6o- 
poiib, BbixoAHjQHirb Ha Aopory, ncqes* MHHMuft KOijyHb, saBep- 
Hyrafi Hi) KOSbio mKypy. 

Mapia, — cKasajii Ahtoht>, jiexaBmift 6en ABHJseniH, — 
mrJ> onenb naoxo, Apyrb Moft. 

— Ohi Bacb paHHjrb? 

— Hero^Hfl! ohi j6ub MeHfl! 

MapK-b oTBopHjrb Haciem Bopora pnrH. Tposa croxajia, 
3HHiiMii;iacb sap* h cjia6ufl CBin> npoHHKb bt> pnry. Amoffb, 
pacnpociepTbift Ha seifji4, rasejio xiiman. Mapra noAioxHXb 
CUT nmb rojiOBy oxanicy cojiomu h no64aajrb bt> AO)n>, CTyqa 
Eao BcKx'b cui h npH3UBaH Ha HOMOD^b. Co6aRa, xopomo HOM- 
HQBdiaH nojyqeHHue ott» Hero nnHKH, sa6iuiacb sa^ABepb h sa- 
jio6ho aujia. 

rJ |o;K^b cb TOCKjiBBuirb OAHOo6pasieirb crynan no joiHCTbflirb. 
Ha nucMypHomb, o6jiaqHOirb He6i cjia6o saropajnacb sapn. Miosejtb, 
*I>pancy «i3a h TepMerra, pas6yseHHbie Taicb Bnesanno, nocnimHO 
o r itBajincb, cb fiojibio vb cepfli^i npeA^yBCTByn Hec^acTbe. 

MapKb, nonpocHB^ saaceqb $OHapn, BepHyjica cb hhmh fb pnry. 

A ii roHb CTapajCH OKpoBaBjieHHUMH pyKaMi sasaTb cbocd paHy. 
Ero nn^HHjiH, KpoBb oKasajiacb h noAi» HHM'b. Tlyjui npomjia Ha 
BLi.ierb. Oht> yMOMiome BsrjHHyjrb Ha onja, saKb <5h sejiaa 
CKa3arb, mo owb He BHHOBarb. 



KOHEIfB CTAPHHH* 211 

— HpocTHTe, — npo6opMOTfun> Ahxohb, — Bee KOHieHo co 

*HOK>. 

CTapHRi, nopaaseHHufi ropem h HeoacHaaHHocTBio, onyciHJCH 
Ha kojl$hh, qTo6u ayqme ocmotp$tb pany, h Bee hobtopjutb: 

— CbIJTB MOfll CHHB MOfll 

— OreifB, a yMHpaio! — dowubho oTOBBajica Ahtohb. 

Ero nepeHecjiH Ha KpoBaTB. JKeaniHHU noatiTajiHCB sa6HH- 
TOBaTB paHy, aocaaya Ha cbok> hgjiobkoctb fb vaKoirB HenpH- 

BHqHOlTB #6*4. 

MH)3ejiB npRBasajrb HeMejuieHHO npHBecra aoKropa. 

— 0! — npoH3Hecb Ahtohb, — bu MoaseTe hs&ibhtb cefa otb 
groft HanpacHoft Tpaxu. 

Ho CTapHKb noBTopejrb CBoe npHEasaHie h, oahhb hsb EeH- 
txraoBfe flocninuurb 8a flOKTopoMt. 

" XXV. 

dapsift MrosejB He moi-b coo6pa8HTB, KaicHMB otipasoMi ero 
ram* oqyTHjicH vb Tpn qaca Hoqn bb pari, Kara oht> 6ujh> pa- 
HeHi> h noqeMy hm6hho Mapra nepBufi coo6n(HjrB o cjywB- 
meMCH HecqacriH. Ohb aacraBHjrB hoapo6ho paacKasaTB ce6* bc4 
co6tiTiH how. A bb bto BpeMH HaBepxy Ahtoht>, pacnpociep- 
TLifi Ha nocTeiH, tockjlhbo oacH^ajrB oKOHqaHia cbohxb CTpaaa- 

Hifl, HOKOpHHCB CXOpTH, KaffB flO CHXT> HOpi HOKOpHJICH BCeMy 

bb sh3hh. OhT) Kycan ce<54 rytfu, q-rotfu saraymHTB ctohu, 
(Sohcb 6ojibme Bcero oropqiTB oKpyataiomHX'B. Hnicoro ho ct&chjui 

IipH SH3HH, OHB, Vb CHJiy npHBBHKH, HHKOrO He XOtAjTB CT&CHHTB 

« yMBpaa. 

Ohb asjiajrB. ^oscab CTyqajn* bb okho. Ewy KasajiocB, q-ro 
9T0 ciiepTB 6beTca EpBUfltOMi o CTeoo, Tpe6ya, qTo6u ee BnycTHjui* 

— OHa ceftiacB npHflerB,— CEasajrb okb TaKB npocro, Kara 
<SyAT0 jffcjio emo o canoft o6uKHOB6HHoft Bemn. 

Yae XHOBHoft cb4tt» nepecHJiHjrB cb$ct> HoqHHsa, Kor.ua ohb 
yBHA&n>, qTo TepMerra, ckjeohhcb kt> ero hstojiobbk), thxo mia- 
qerB. BjpyrB okb hoho coswutb, vb Karon 6esnoMomHOiiB no- 
aoacemH ohb ocTaBJinen &on, 6e$b nojuepacBH hpothbb necno- 
TnqecKoft BjiacTH rftaa. 

OffB noHfljrL, hto njiaicaTB HaAO He o HevB, a o Heft, h Bra 

MHCJB BU3Bajia BB H6MT> yrptlSeHDI COBiCTH. 

Orb npomenTajTL: 

— fi^AHiiseqKa, tbi ocraHemBCH cobc^mb o^Ha. 
MojioAaa ^ieyinKa h&eho non;4jiOBajia ero pyKy, 64,nHyH) 

sarop&iyH) pyxy, secTKyio h CKpioqeHHyio otb 6esnpep&iBH0ft 
pa6oTU. 

— He TpeBoacBC* sa mohh, OTe^,— CKaaajia TepMerra, CTa- 

pMCB ero ycnoKOHTB. 

14* 



212 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— H He xoiy, hto6h th xyiiajia, ito a ne noHHiiajrb Bcero 
npoHcxoAHBmaro, — BOspasHju Offb, roBopa o ce6§ bt> npomex- 
meMi), iiaKB 6yflTO okb npHHaAJieacaji'b yae Kb apyroiiy Mipy. — 
fl He 6um> fflH Te6a t*mi, i4mt> a AOJireeffb 6Hjrb 6htb, ho 

TW BH&6IHB, KaKOBO 6tI4IO H06 HOJIOKeme, H TH HpOCTHHIb M6HH. 

Bnpoieirb, th He 6yflemb HecqacTHie 6esi> iieHa. Hosobh fli^a, 
H XO^y 0B HHMl) noroBopHTb. 

— He TpeBoacbTecb, yMOJiaio Baci! 

— Hosobh ero h ociaBb nacb BABoem>. He Tepat BpeiieHH v 
a xairb cjiatfb, wo Kaamyio MHHyry Mory yiiepeTb. 

CiapHRB, Cb aejrtsHOft BOJieft, cb KaiieHHHirb cepaijeirb, ynpa- 
aiuft h ropjHft, TepHjrb rojiOBy, He 8Haa, ito npe^npHHATb. Oh* 
ca^u jcji y KaMHHa, ho TOTqara ace BCxaBajn, h HaiHHajrb xoahtk 
ho KOMHati, Horn He jepasajiH ero. 9to yacacHoe Hecqacrie no- 
pa3e-io ero bt> eflBHCTBeHHyio CJia6oe m4cto: xoth oht> Bcer.ua 
rpy6o ofipamaaca cb AHTOHom*, ho 9to 6Hjn> Miosejib, ero 
chut*, ero e^HHCTBeHHufl Hacjr&AHHKb. Kavb cnacTH ero? Ha ito 
ptmBTLCH?.. Ohh cb $paHcya3ofl npHAyiiajra oflHo: noaorp&rb 
Bnna. qiofiu noAAepsaTb tiojbHoro, bi osHAamn aoKtopa. Cia- 
pm:'b m j jHHJica Kb CLiHy. Xoth iiucjLb, ^to CKopo ohi» HaBcerxa 
yfiaerb hs* noffb BJiacru oTija, AOJUBHa 6mra npmaTb cm^jiocth 
AHTony, ho ohb BceTaKH He pimajiea BsrjiHHyTb eiiy npaiio 

B"b JLRU,0. 

— Orei^b, — oporoBopHjrb owb Cb Tpysoirb,— a Heiiory yiie- 
peTb citokoSho. 

— 1 Ito th roBopnmb o CMepra,— BCKpHTOJTb crapnKb,— bco 
6yAerb xopomo, Mofi MaabiHKbl ^OKTop-b CKopo npiiflerb. 

— Cii Bainero nosBOjema, mh4 nyaceffb He aoKTopb, a cbh- 
n^eHHHiTb, fl He Mory yiiepeTb chokoSho. 

— HoqeMy »e? ito Moserb ycnoKOHTb ie6a? 

— Oiem>, a BaMt CKaacy cefiiacb... a CesnoKOiocb o aoqepn. 

— A I — CKasajrb crapHKx, jihijo KOToparo CHOBa hphhmo 
cypoBoe BHpasenie. MopnjHHH ero sameBeJiHjniCb, a rjiasa sa- 
CBepnajm noA*b HaBHcraHMH 6poBaMH. Ofirb Mojrcajrb. 

CoBepmeHHo pascB&io. JHeHb Hacrajii TycKJiufi h aosaj^bhS. 
Oiem> h chiwh CMOipijiH Apyn» Ha jipyra, He roBopa hh eiosa^ 
Ahtohi h6 Horb B8AOXHyTb 6e3*b dOHa, h dapHsy icasajiocb^ 

HTO Cb IcaSflHlTb BSXOXOlTb SH3HB CHHa yXOftHTb. 

— Ownp 9 — CKasajrb oht> Cb BHpaacemeirb fiesrpahHiHaro 
CTpa^mK, — a ne Mory yMepeTb cnoKoftHO. 

— Th BHaemb, a hokuijich, ito aroro 6paKa He 6yaeTb 
HHKor^a, noKa a shbi. Pasi a noKiajca, a He oTCiynaiK) OTb 
ceoero cjoaa, — CKasajrb crapufi KpecrbaHHH'b tohomi> ? wb koto- 
poMb cjumajca cKopie ynpeKb, <r&m> th^b^. 

OnaTb HacTynnjio npo^ojiaHTejibHoe Mojuame. 
BpeMfl yxo«Hjio, a ct> hhmi nocjitAnia chjui AmoHa. 



KOHED,T> CTAPHHH.. 213 

Ohotb y Hero BupBajiocB Kara ctohb: 

— Orei**, a He Mory yiiepeTB chokoSho! 

Ero rojioeb, HBiiiHeHHHft CTpa^amnMH h TpeBoroft, rojiocb 
yiinpaiomaro, BupaacaBiuaro nocjr6,nHK>K) bojuo, nepeBepHyjrB 
flymy CTapHRa. Oh*b 6hjtb rjiy6oKo noTpacenB, CTapufi Mio3ejn>. 
He,naBHO om» noxopoHHjrb BHjKa, a TenepB npnxoAMOCB xopo- 

HHTB CUHa. 

dapHft CTBOJTb TepHJn> bc4 cboh b^tbh, h rpytian Kopa Tpe- 
njajia hoa* HenpepuBHHiiH yxapaHH cyAB6n. 

Mk)3^jib ocjia6inifi ? cropfaeHHHft, cb hoaGopoakomb Tpacy- 
npiMCfl orb Heno6^AHMaro BOJiHeHia, qyBCTBOBajTB, hto obpb yse 
He Ton>, hto ohb lOJSBKO t4hb npesHHro. Ero HenpeKJioHHaa 
ropAOCTb ntrranacb enje nocTaBHTb Ha CBoein», ho Kara ycTOHTB 
npoTHro dioro nymy pasAapaiomaro rojioca, vb KOToporo eicy 
cjiumajiCH dpaHHufi ynpera. 

— OTeij'B, OTeni'b, He AaflTe mh4 yiiepeTB c% TJixejimrB 
cepweMi). 

— SL CA*JiaK) Bee, ito th xosemB,— CKasajrB CTapnra tkxo, 
icara 6u cthahcb CBoefl cjiadocTH. — Byflb cnoKoeKB. 

— Btl UOSBOJlHie H1TB tfeHHTBCH? HpaBAa-JIH, 8X0? 

— SL o64maio Te64. 

— IIpocTHTe, ho h xorfurB 6h,hto6h bh cKasajra 8to npH HHXB. 

— SL Bee cfftaaio. He yTOMJwftca, ho roBopa Tara iiHoro. 
Cxoahjih 3a MapKOMi, KOToparo CTapara cam npnBejrb bb 

KOMHaiy paHeHaro, KyAa BOSBpaioacb h TepMerra. 
Ahtoetb cjia6ijn> Bee 6ojr&e h 6ojiie. 
BarjiajTb ero TycKrfurB. 

— fl He xot4jtb yiiepeTB, He ycTponra Bamy cy^B6y,— ck&- 
sajrb Ahtohb, — OTen.'b corjiaceHx Ha Bam* 6para. Ora mh* no- 
bbojhjtb Baifx bto CRa3aTB. HenpaBfla-jm, oTeipb, bu mh* oto 
o6*majiH? 

— KjiHHycb cnaceHieirL CBoefi Aynra,— TopseciBeHHO npoes- 

HeCb CTapHKl). 

— IIpHSHaTBCH, OTeii,^, a jjyMaio, wo bbi xopomo A&iaeTe: 
Hanrb nowb Haqero He noiepaerb otb aroro. Ecjih 6u mh ho 

BipHJIH BB KOJI^yHOBl, H OCTajICH 6bl JKHBB. MapEB npaBB. IIpO- 

CTHie, ho h Bcer^a Tara AyMajrB. 

MtosejiB, qejiOBira ciaparo aanajia, CA&aajrB bh^, ?to He 

CJIBimHTb CJLOHB CLIHa. 

ropBKan jjlu6k2l npoMejBKHyjia Ha ry6axi> yiinpaiomaro, h okb 
npflfiaBHJix, o6pamaacb kb hojqloabimx juoAflKb: 

— YMHpafl, a Baifb cuiaajn. 6ojibih6 Ao6pa, ibwb npa shshh. 
IIoTepJii ne CyAerB BejiHKa. 

OcTajiBHyio nacTB yipa bch ceiiBH HaxoAuacB hb yacacHOMx 
nojioHeHis JiioAeft, BH^mnxi,, Kairb yiinpaerb 6jiH3Kift qejiOBiKT>, 

H HO HMilOII^HXT) B03M0JKH0CTH HOMO^B eiiy. 



214 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

R& 9TH MHHyTBI BCfi CepAW, H*HHHB H 8Brpy<ftjUB OABHA- 

kobo qyBCTBpon HejuoBinecKoe HHiTOBcecrBO. Tobopejih Ma*o v 
CTapajsHCB sanymHTB myin> maroBi hwb BOMHaioft 6ojBHoro* 

OrapREi, otfpamaaca cb TepMerrofl 6en oCuqHOfl cypOBOcra. 

IIpH nepBom H3B*criH npecTy njieaiH ctiisajracB coc$a*, 
chabho BBBOJiHOBaHHue pbaom* Heciaciift, 06pymHBIHHXCH Ha 
aomt> Mioses. EiaHa 6ujia BCTpeBoseBa, — OHa tionjacB, hto* 
Thmohb ee BLij^acTb. OHa CTpanrao nofoiAHiua. $paHcyasa, ko- 
Topan ee HeHBBHxfuia, 6ujia yBipeHa, hto bt> raytiiraft xymn 
OHa qyBCTByen» paAOCTB, ho, npaBo, «>ah qepesqypi Topomumck 
noxo8p$BaTB bo Bcein AypHOMi, Ao6p4flmyio TeTymicy: OHa h He 
noAyMaja t4xt> Buro^axL, kbiub cyraaa eft cuepri Gpaxa; ee 
cjonnBovb 3a6oTBjna mhc», hto ee Moryn ciem yqacTHHijeft 
npecTynjieHia. Y nea Ha aro 6uxb roioBtift oTBin: HHKor.ua 
ohb He npocHjia TiojioHa y6nBaTB Koro-raCo. Oaa— Tana* spoT- 
ebb, TaKBB Aotipan — yqaciHHua npecTynjieHiB! drouj hhbto ho 
noB*pHTT>, Aywajia ohb, ho eft hhebkb He yuasajiocB ycnoBOHiB 
ce6n. dapaB cjiysaHKa He nosBOJUuia eft hoabbtbch bt» paHe- 
HOMy, roBopn, qxo eMy nyaceHB noxoft. 

EiaHa HpHcoexBHHJiacB Kb KyMynncavb, menTaBmHMCfl y sa- 
MBHa. Ohb ycjuimaja, Kara $paHcya8a OTBfrrua he Bonpoci, 
cueprejiLHa jut pbhb: 

— Bott> y»e h£cbojbko Honeft cpwy b cjnimy, xaxb coBa 
yxaerb okojio Hamero AOMa. 3to kt> ciiepTH. Eton HaAeacAu 
chbcth ero, bto b$pho. 

IIOCJUUIH 8B CBHn^eHHHKOMl. 

MojioAoft Enacya, ROTopouy bto 6ujlo nopy^eno, CKaaajL v 
BepHyBniHCB, hto pyqeft Hbhh6tti> tbicb paanHjca, hto HeBoa- 
mobsho nepeftrH qepes* Hero. 

BApyra pa8AajicB rpomoft kphkb TepMemi. JfteHmraH ne- 
peKpecTHjHCb... AhtohI) yMepb. 

— IIpiftMH, Tochoah, ero Aymy, — CKasajia OABa hsii hhxb 
h CTajia ihtbtb HOjraTBy. 

Offfe paSOBUIHCB, H 1* H8B HHXl, KOTOpUB BCrptTBUIH aok- 

topa, coo6d^hjih eMy, ito paHeHuft yMepi. 



XXVI. 

IIoTpHceHHHft ysacHUMi HecqacTBeni, CTapufl MiosejiB Aoaro 
cbaIutb BaA^ rimoin* chbb, MoiiajraBtift h Mpaimuft. IIotovb 
oht> cxBarajTb Tonopi) h o6omejii, bck> AepeBHio, dyqa bx Kaac- 
Ayio ABepB h BOCKjiHaaa. 

— 4to si, seyscejiH mu tbicb h octbbhmi» BToro pa36oftHHB& 
vb ero 6epsorfc? Heyseju H(i AaABirb eMy y6BBBXB hbeohxi a*- 
left? 



/ KOHED,T> CTAPHHH. 215 

$paHcyasa, HcnyraHHaa Bupaasefidem Mpaqnoft pftnraMOCTH 
Da SEufk CBoero xoaaHHa, saxoAHJia cjr&AOJrB sa hhitb kb coci- 
juuib, roBopa: 

— Pa^H Bora, yAepaurre ero, ohb cA*JiaeTB qio bm6jw> 
yacacHoe. 

Ho KaaaHApijBi He MeHBme ero 6hjih pasApasenii npoTHBb 
MHHMaro KOJuyHa. Ohh neroAOBajut Ha Hero sa to, ito oht> 
ctojibko jdAtb Aepsaoii hxt, bb HenpepiiBHoicb crrpaxi. Ohh npn- 

HOMHHaJIH ApyriH CeMbH, B*B KOTOpUXl HpOHCXOAHJIO TO S6, HTO 

y Mioaejiefl: oicbhaho, ohb h Ty^a npofapaacH, saKB n ri» hhitb , 

HOA*B HOKpOBOWB HOTO, paHHJTB H OTpaBJWJTB CKOFb, HOpTHiTb 

xji6i). Ohh noHHMajiH TenepB, nasoro poAa nopiy ohi> Hacu- 
jmutb Ha hhxb; t4, soiiy npnmjiocB nocTpa^aTb otb Hen, iyB- 
CTBOBajiH, qio 3jro6a h coraurbHie o noTepflHHOMB HnymecTBi 
npocunaercH bb hhx*b <zb hoboio chjoloh>; ohh BOstfyayjajiH ocrrajiB- 

HHXTB. 

— Pa86ofiHHRi>! neroAflfl! — RpHiajm noscioAy , — botb noroAHTe, 
mu eiiy noKaaseirB ce6n! 

HecTpofiHan TOJina MyaciHH'B, S6hh^hhi h A*Teft, BoopyaceH- 
Han tfLMi nonajio: tinqaMH, xonopauH, HosaifH, BoaMH h npocTo 
najacaHH, HanpaBHjiacB no tpohhhk4 bi> ropy; mpHRB mejn> 
BnepeAH Bcixi> MOJiqajHBBifi h yacacHtifl, <zb TonopoMB Ha roeqi; 
ocrajiBHue num sa hhmb, Bostfyawaa ApyrB Apy^a, passnrafl saotfy 
pascKaaaMH o npecTynjieHiaxx Tiojiona; TenepB, KorAa npecTyn- 
aerie ofaapyatHjio ero npOAftjHH, ohh BOSiiynjajiHCB hpothbb 
npesHHro cyeBipia; aea&Aa mecTH enje ycHJinsajiacB vb hhxt> 
otb cosHamji, ito CTOJIBKO BpeueHH ohh 6ujul sepTBaitH rpy6aro 
otiMaHa. 

Ohh ToponjiHBO npotinpajiHCb lepes* sapocjin tiynca, HORparo 
otb HenpepuBHaro ao»ah. CipoBaTtiH o&iaRa hojisjih ho ropi, 
to noABiMancB, hoao6ho saHaiiicy, h OTRpuBan ckjiohb, npopi- 

3aHH£lft IliHHmHMHCH HOTORaMH, TO OHyCRafiCB H ORyTKLBa* BCK) 

ee THacejoK) unioft. HHor.ua, AOCTHrayBT> Bepmnnu, otijurca 
odaBjiHJiH sa co6oft rjioibh ryuaHa; noAroHHemie BfopoirB, ohh 
HecjiHCB, saA^Baa sa AepeBBH, AoroHHH onpeAHBmin hx* TyiH, 

KaKT> BCftAHHKH, OTCTaBfflie OTB CBOerO OTpHAa } H 9Ta 6e3MOJIBHaH 

Hrpa otfjiaKOB'B hoai> cipBUTB HetfoarB, npojinBaBmniTB hotorh 
Aosa^ Ha seMjiK), — Hiritaa bt> ce6i qTO-TO Hpa^Hoe h Bejinqe- 

CTBeHHOe. 

He o6pan^aH hh Majiiflmaro BHHiiaHiH Ha HenoroAy, Tojraa 
nepeciRjia BSAyBmiecn hotorh, nepec^Kjia hojiocbi TyMaHa, Bonua, 
naROHei^i, b*b 73rifi npoxoAT>, oc^HeHHBift bi> aro BpeMA roAa ry- 
ctok) xiHBio cnjiennHxca B^TBefi, h ociaHOBHjiacB nepeA^ no- 
MHKofi, nocpe^HHi ROTopoft BOSBumajQEOCB cTpoeme, HasuBaB- 
meecH 6epjiorofi KOjmyHa. 

CTpaHHufl atajio6HBift ctohb, nenoxosift hh Ha Ranofi 3HaK0- 



216 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

lojfi znjKb, ejBa cjiumHiift H3T>-3a myiia boab, CTpeMEBinnxcH co 
bcJxb ciopoHT) 6ypHUMH noTOKaMH, npHBjieEB otfnjee BHHMaHie 
itb ay6y, cxoHBineify Ha Kpaio noaaHH. Ha oahoA hst» ero tojl- 
ctlixb RiiBcft Kaiaaocb rfcjio, a cotiaKa, chah nepeAB hhmb, 
BBLna xpHUJi butb rojocoirb. OHa 6ujia TaKB norpyaceHa bb co- 
aepijaHie, ito aaace He meBejiBHyjiacB npa npu6jiH»eHiH xaKoro 
MHo^eciBa H63HaKOMux , b jMo^eft; EasaaocB, OHa npocro He saitft- 
THjia nxi> h ocTuacB bt> tomb ace nojioaceHin, cb noAHHTmrb 
EBepiy hocohb h TJiasaMH, ycTpeifjieHHUMH Ha CBoero xos#HHa; 
oaa KaK-b oyato CTapaaacB hohatb, noqeMy topb ynpHMO coxpa- 
Hiierb TaKyio CTpaHHyio nosy. 

yotaHBniHCB, hto ero oTKpHjiH, h nepetfpaB'B bb ytii Bee, 
mro euj noryTB nociaBHTB Ha cierB, bb oco66hhocth ace no- 
ai4^eee yCiftCTBO, — Tiojioni* 6ucTpo cootipasHjiB, hto noaoaceHie 
ero 6esBuxoAHO* Ohb (Jhjtb cirfurB, nosa rjiytfoqaflmaa Tafina 
oxpanjijia ero. Tenep* ohb He qyBCTBOBajrB bb ce6* piirmMOCTH 
cHOBa DoKaaaiBca Ha rjiasa acHTe-mirB KajaHApa; BepHpmHCB 

CB CBOefi pOEOBOt HOIHOfi 9ECH6AHi4h, OHB HOB$CHJICH. TJjlO OFO 

coBepmeHHo noxoaoAfoo, a npoMOEmaa oaeayja npnjiHnjia kb 

KQSKli. 

— Qwb npeflynpeAHJTb HacB, — CKasaorB BesaafioTHBii, — ohb 
cau-B ct> cofioft pacnpaBHjiCH. 

— A, Heroftflft!— saEpHqajTB mpufi Mk)3ojib, otfpanjaHCB kb 
xpyny, h xaEB chjibho yjapnjrB ero TonopouB no tojiob4, ito 
Bepeena, na EOTopofl ohb bhc^jtb, jLonnyjia,— xopomo tbi ca*- 
jiajib, 4to noBOH^HjiB cb co6oft, a to Ch yacB a pasA&iajiCH cb 
T0606 no cBoeiiy! 

Cooana Bee npoAOJiacajia bbitb; HaEoneijB, en boA Haflo&rB 
HeficeHaryj h ohb npHKOHqnjiB ee y^apoiTB najiEH. KpecTBirae 
CpocHJiiiCB na piiry h, 8a OTcyTCTBieirB xoaaHHa, hsjihjih Ha nee 
cbok) 3Jio6y- Ohh passopHjiH ee bcjo. Kosm 6mjih ytfaTti, KaffB 
h cofiana, coBa yjeriuia, pacKpuBt cboh Koma^BH oasa, h 
Hcqesjia bb jAcy. IIlEypa Kosjia, tojiobbi pasuiXB acHBorauxB, 
CTpaaHEJe npefliieTH, co6paHHue TiojioHoiiB, imaiejiBHO cosAaBas- 
mHUB oficTaHOBEy, Heo6xoAHMyio ajh pojm KOJiayHa, 6ujlz HSOpBaHH 
h pacToiuauu. YBipeimocTL bb nojiHOft 6e3Hasa3aHHoeTH eiue 
yBejisqasajia o6myio apocTB. Kpumy pacian^HJiH bb Oipy MHHyTy 
h h4ckojii>ko pa3B nuTajiHCB pa3pymHTB crfiHU, Xot4jth A&ace 
noA^eHB Bee, He HOAAftBaBineeoi paspymemio, mio6u HCipe^HTB 
canoe BOcuoMHHame KOJwyHfc, ho oroHB He pasropaicn. 

Kor^a Tojna cnycKajiacB cb ropu, HaBOAHBmee yacacB acH- 
jiHiqe Tiojona npeACTaBjuuio co6oft rpysy pasBajEHffB. TpyoB co- 
CaKH 6trjn> CpomeH'B Ha Tpyni xoaanHa co cjiOBaiin: 

— Ohh Apyn> Apyra ctohtx, nycTB ce64 raiiorB Biticrt! 
HeEorAa enje bb KajiaHApi He (Jfijio TaKHXB TopseciBeHHUX'B 

noxopoH^, KaEB noxopoHLi AHTona. 06uEHOBeHHO 3a rpofioM-B 



KOHEIJB CTAPHHH. 217 

mjio no OAHOuy HejiOBiicy orb Ka&Aaro ceMeftcTBa; ho TenepB 
bch AepeBHfl, noTpnceHHaa TparaiecKHMH otfcTOHTejiBCTBaiiH, co- 
npoBoacAaBinHMH ero citepiB, npnnuia hpoboahtb ero. BnpoqeMB, 
nocA$AHie jhh Bimajio ctojibko aokah, ?to seiuuo coBepmeHHO 
pa3MUjio h patioTaTB, Bee paBHO, 6mjio HeBosiioatHO. 

Pyqefl HBeHeTTB chjdlbho pasjinjiCH, h CBJinjeHHHKB npncjajiB 
CKaaaTb, hto ohb ho mosotb npn^TH bb KajiaHApt, a CyAeTB 
acftaTB rijio y Bxo.ua bb ropoAB.. MapKB, 06a KeHCOHa h ujie- 
mahhhkb ra6HJioHa bshjih rpofo, h npoijeccifl nyciHjiacB BB nyTB, 
MysqflHBi Ha^H bockpochbih njaTBfl, a aeHiipHH nociapajiHCB 
oa&tbch bb xeuHBie ijB$Ta. HeMHorin hsb hhxb yn&iH iHTaTB, 
ho Kaamaa, cjokhbb 6jiaroroBifiHO pyra, Hecjra MOAHTBeHHHKB. 

j^oporoft saBHSUBajiHCB THxie pasroBopn. PascyKAau o tomb, 
sasB OTBOByTCH Ha nocfoaxB aokah hocjd&ahhxb AHeft. T*, y 
soro nojfl jesaju no CKjionaMB ropu, He saJOBajiHCB, — ohh Ha- 
xoahjih noroAy He^ypHOfi,— ho BjiaAiJfcipi hhshchhuxb yqaciKOBB 
HaqHHaJiH 6e3HOKOHTBCH: ecjun He HaciaHyTB HCHHe ahh, toab 
cnoBa 6yAeTB HoiepHHB. 

Ho 6ojtBine Bcero saHMtajucB MiosejuiMH. OcraBUB-iH Ah- 
tohb, KpoMi seiiM, KOTopaa 6mia y BCftXB Ha BHAy, CKOJttBKO 
Hn6yAB A6Hen>? \Ito6u pimnTB sto, npHKHHyjiH, Kaicie c6opu 
MorjiH eaceroAHO a^umtb MtosejiH. Hohhtho, Ahtohb He Mon> 
Bcero nposHBaTB h, ho MHimio CojiBmHHCTBa, ohb AOiseH* 
6hjtb HaKOHHTB nopHAOUo AeHerB. Rjla AOKasaTejiBCTBa nepe- 
6pajin Bci BBiAaion^iecfl cayiaH hsb khshh AHTOHa, cb caiiofl ero 
aceHHTi>6ti, cb toshoctbh) JHOAeft, BB HaifHTH KOTOpiIXB XpaHHTCH 
HeuHoro $aKTOBB 9 h $aKTti 9th l iacTO npnnoMHHaioTca. Ohb 
ToproBajiB y HenBeica seMjuo bb IleflceHBepaxB, a Meac.ny t4mb 
ohb He hiAjtb o6uKHOBemH no£yaaiB bb aojitb, w h crapHKB, 
saKB orafl 6oHBmiftcH aootobb, HHKor.ua ho hosbojihjib 6bi eiiy 
dToro. IIpoAasa He codOHJiacB, h AeHBra, sHa^HTB, ociajmcB AOMa. 
Kara hh ciHTaft, sto, bo bchkomb caynai, nepBtifl aomb bb Ka- 
jiaHApi/ IIpHAaHoe aceHti AHTOHa cb hs6utkomb bo3m$cthjio 
toctb, BBiA^JieHHyio TyppoAHxi npn en saMyacecTB*, a ocjih en^e 
CTapufl Mio3ejiB ocTaBHTB hmb ace cbok) TpeTB, to TepueTTa, 
eAHHCTBeHHan HacjiiAR^ita Bcero HMyn^eciBa, 6yAexB Jiyqmeft nap- 
Tieft bo Bcefl OKpyri. 

He MeHBme, koho^ho, roBopnjiH o CMepTH AHTOHa. Coc*akh 
<5lijih TaRB HanyraHLi efo, qio ao chxb nopB He Morjm hpbath 
bb ce6n; hah 3a rpotiouB, oh4 Bee en^e o6MiHHBajiHCB bocoh- 

I^afiiHMH HO dTOMy HOBOAy. 

— B*ai> botb npaBAy roBopHTB,— sairlqajia .HoAOHHxa,— quo 
Ha SAopoBBe HejiB8H nojiaraTBcn: kto saopobb, xoro to CMepTB 

H CTOpOHCHTB. 

KpecTBHHe 9 BUBeAeHHue 3TH1TB xparHiecKHHB cjyqaeMB hsb 
oduqBaro Epyra Mucjiefi, 3aHHJiHCB 6escosHaTejiBHOK) npoBipKoio 



218 P7CCK0E SOrATCTBO. 

cbohxT) it&kobhxb yfiiamemiL Otobhahoctb oTKpujia son wiasa. 
Co3Hame hxx mhpho hokomocb ao chxt> nop* he npeapascyA- 
KaxT) cr&paro BpeHeHn; Tenepb paaofaaieme mapjaxaHCiBa, 
9KcnjryaTHpoBaBmaro bt> cbok) nousy HiKOTopue h3t> 3taxi> 
npejipascyAKOBx, HaHecio lyBCTBHTOJEBHuft ywb bc4mt» hxt> b$- 
poBaHB^Mi,. CoMHime nesairitaHO noAKpajocB kb warn. CMyraoe 
npejiqyBCTBie Hacxynaiomefi hoboA dnoxn m hxt> MaieHBEoirB 
itiprii, KpyiiHuxT) nepeiiteB vb iiphbh<ihhxt> ycjOBuirb xhshh, 
sacTaBji&ao CTapmcoBi h6aob£p?hbo noKa?HBaTB rojioBaiiH, a 
joHomefi npexaBaTBCfl cirfuifJMT> ue<rrairL. Ohh bco Cojfte y64at- 
jajiHCB, ?to Mapra He tekoA yan> cyKactipoffb. Ohi HHKorxa He 
HsifiHHjrb CBoero mhIhui o Thmioh*, h botb yacacHtiA cjyqaft 
Aoica3ajn>, too offb He onutfajiea. Moaera (Jhtb, tarae npaBiuB- 

HBI H OCTaJIBHBIH Hft6H, BUBeSOHHUfl HVb H3T» HyTemeCTBifl H 

Tairb nyraBmin BHaqaai CBOeio hobhshoA; 3th haoh Morjin 6uTb, 
noaca&yft, naoAOirb tfojrfee spiuioA iiyApocTH, i4m ia, ao EoropoA 
AOAyMajiHCB ohh caMH. Ohh He aatfujw, KaBHHH apryiieHTaiiH 
AOKasuBajTB moioaoA qejiOBiffb Heo6xoAHMOCTB HposexeHin Aoporb, 
h, 6e3npHCTpacTHO nepe6npaH ero aoboah, ohh He mowih oTica- 

3aTL HMT> Bl y6$AHTej[BHOCTH. OHH AOJUKHU 6UJIH TEKSe HpH8- 

naTB, hto ero uouutkh yjiy^ramB KyjiBTypy h yBejurcHT* aoxoa- 
hoctb seiuni Bcer^a 6oji4e hjih MeHie yAaBajincB. Ct> npyroA 
CTopoHLi, Hejn>3fl 6ujio ho corsacHTbca, w>, He pasdopHH CBoero 
HMiHbH, ohb khjtb jiynme Bcixi> b*b KajiafiAP'b. Bee wo nponc- 
xoahjio Ha rjiasaxi) y Bcixt, pascysAajii MeTpajiB m> oahoA 
rpynni, Tam> qio h cnopaTL-To TpyAHO. 

06paiHaH BOjma BApyra BepHyjia Bci CHunarin h Bee aob£- 
pie MapKy $omiopepy. Ohb meat bo rjiaBi npomeccia, kerb 
Bcerjja, ocioposHuA h BHHMaTeiBHiit ko bc^icb, enrfa* cboh> 

fflHpOKyK) CHHHy HOAl> TJUBejUUfB rp060Ml>, HT06H He CJUHHSOVb 
AEBHTB Ha OCTaJILHUXt, H BCJUTB HeBOJltHO AyM6U10CI> ; HTO 9T0Tb 

HarKOcepAewuft nejiOB4Ki>, CHJLHUfi h HeyionHMufl pa6oiiiHKT>, 
He MOKerB OKasiiBaTB Aypsoro bjuhhIh Ha cbok) A^peBHiO. 

KorAa npoi^eccia Aomjia ao py^BH, OHa npHHysAOHa 6ujia 
OdaHOBHTBCH. 9to yse He 6ujn> najieHLKifi pyqees*B 9 crbosb 
npo8pauiiH boau KOToparo, ociHeHHtia cnhmeio r&Hbio ojem- 
HHKa, BHAHijiHCb iiejUKiji pu6kh. TpexAHeBHiie aosak Tairb 
nepenojiHHJiH pyejio, ito ohb Bumejrb hsi 6eperoBt, h KaMHH, no 
KOTopuMi> o6uKHOBeHHo nepenpaBJuuiHCB qepesi> pyqefl, 6ujih 
cnjiomB sajuTLi boaoA. 

Boahjib Kohcohi Bomejrb, ?To6ti noHcaaTB 6poA&; boa& no- 
Kpujia eMy HKpu, h oht> c% TpyAom» AepauuCH Ha Horaxt. 

— Ecjdlh6li Bami moctl 6ujtb totobi>, — saitiTHjrb MeTpaja — 
6ujlo 6u, nonajiyfl, yAofiuie. 

^eTupe qejiOBiica, AopsaBniie rpo6i, He Morjin nepenpas- 
&smca BMicrfi, He noABepran rpo6i> onaCHOCTH. Ctohjo oahohj 



KOHEH,T> CTAPHHU. 219 

CHOTKHyTBCH Ha RaMOHB HJIH OCTyilHTbCH Bb JiMy, H TpJITb He- 

coMHiHHO noaeran bt> boaj. MapR* saBepHyjrb naHTaaoHU, 
CHAffb canora h, B8HFb rpotii Ha cboh Moryqia njieiH, nonecb 
ero Ha xpyroft <5epen>. Bc4 bha&ih, KaKi bo Bpeiia dioro nepe- 
xoj^a KpacKa cftfe&ajia y Hero ci> jrai^a; no9AH$e oht> pascoasii- 
Bajrt, qxo cjitimajTB, Kara rojOBa HeciacxHaro Ahxohe Cajiacb 
o aockh rpo6a. Hhkoi^e HHRasoft cxyRB He BuaHBajorb bt> Hem 
TaKoro raacejiaro qyBcrsa. 

npOBOsaBmie He pimaracb cjr$AOBaTb sa uswb. Oht> npeA- 
jkoshjtb nepeHecTH xtab, soro CMymaoia ceuia noTOKa. ^acxb 

KpeCTLHHT>, H HOHXH BCt SeHH^HHU piffllHJIH, qTO nptfJIHqifl H03- 
BOMLlQVb HVb HO HpOBOJRaXB A&*$6; OHH H8BHHHJIHCB H BepHy- 

jiHCb HaaaffB vb KaaaHApt. Apyrie, no npniiipy KeHCOHa h 
MapKa, padyjuicB, noAo6pajiHCb h nepemjw pyqefl; 6oacb ynaexb, 

OHH rpOMKO BCKpHKHBajlH no BpeHOHaiTb. Be33a60THUfl, oTKasaB- 

rancb on noMomn hoa* vhwb npeworoMt, qio ero AepeBfltuKi 
o^ohb nojieaHa BaHHa, 6u&% onpoRHHyro hotoroitb h xjietfHyxb 
nop^oqHtift rjioTOKB boau, paHBme hAm* Mapsi Buxanjuurb ero 
sa KypTRy Ha 6epen>. Ilpn Apyraxb oticxonxejibcxBax'b oto npn- 
RjimeHie BHSBaao 6m imoro ociporb, ho xpoMoft, oxpflXHBaacb, 
npeAynpeAHJii HaciiiimHHROB'b, sajiBHBv. 

— MHoro Jiirb yan> He npo6oBajrb boau, — OHa He cxaja 
Jiyime. 

Stotb cjiyqafi no6yAHjn> cxaparo Mfoseora xaRse oCpaiHTbca 
Kb noMonjH Mapna, xoth topaoctb ero tftuia chjibho 0CK0p6jieHa 
dTHMi,. JI,o6poAyniHBifi BejiHEaHi) b8hjtb ero Ha pyRH h nocpeAHHi 
pyqbja, RorAa hhkto apyrofi He mofb ero cjaimaxb, CKasaax eMy 
tohomI) ynpena: 

— B&ab boh RaROBbi BaraH Aopora, nyirb. Heabaa Aaace 
K&Bfb ca^Ayerb xopoHHTb Hamnxi HOROftflHROBi. 

dapHicL Bsrjumyjrb Ha Hero ci> HeyAOBOJibCXBieirb; oh* npa- 
HHMajn> sa jiHHHoe ocRopfaeirie, ocjih rto Hn6yAb ORastiBajicH 
npaBBiirb nepejvb ham*. Ho oht> 6ujn> cjlhiiikomi, pascxpoeirb, 
hto6m BCTynaTB bt> cnopi. 

KorAa Ha xoi eropoHi HHRoro tfojrie ,He ociajiocb, bc4 cny- 
cthjih naHTajioHBi, no 6ojn>mefl qacra BceTaKH MOKpun, HaA^JSH 
canorH, h npoi^eccin CHOBa BucTpoHJiacb. 9totl nepexoA'b qepesi> 
pyqeft, HapyuiHBi cocpeAOTO^eHHoe Hacipoeme, ROiopuifb bos- 
Aaiorb a&hb yBaseHia noRofiHHRy, Bcixi» pa^AOcaAOBaji'b. OcTajn>- 
Hofi nyTb 6ujii, ho 6Qxbe yAo6eHi> 9 h noxopOHbi qpesBuqafiHo 
yTOMMjifl Bcix-b. Measly xdjimomt,, Ha roxqpomi 6unb pacnojio- 
seHi> ropoAi>, h tiepeiwb pyqbji— it&cthoctb npeAdaBJi^jia co6oft 
HM3Kyio KOTjioBHHy, rA& BOAa CKonjiiijiacb oco6eHHO fibicxpo. 
AoscAb nepenojoiHBa'b Bci KOJien, TpaBa xjuonajia hoab HOAom- 
BaMH, KaKi> MORp&a ry6Ra« SiejiTOBaTBiJi jiysn qepe^OBajiHCb ci> 
aMaMH ; HanojiHeHHUMH rycTOfo rpaabio, KOTopaa TaRi h bthttl- 



220 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Baja wb cetfa Hory. IIpofiAfl Heiraoro, Mapra h ero homohihhkh 
3ajiBBjiH, <ito HeCTH rpofo BqeTBepoifb Heaosifo&HO, TaKb Katcb 
HeooxojHMOCTB hath Fb Hory APyn> cb APyroirb Mimaert hitb 
Bu6npaiB 6ojdie jaoChuh ifida. MapKb bsjutb ojpiy hbi toji- 
cteixx septet!:, Ha KOTopuxi 6ujfb yKpinaeffB rpotfb, KpinKo 
nuAHHsajTB rp^(h> kx asepan h nonecB ero babo6m%cb Bowmewb 
Ha sicy. 

Me»Ay HsropoiHMH, KOTopuirb mhjuuohh KanejiB, orpasaB- 
mm jyra BHesanHO 6jiecHyBmaro cojoraija, npHAaBasH Ha mtho- 
BeHi.e B0ime6HyH) npeaecTB, no nojuarorb, HanoeHHHM'B %om&em> 
h irypHBmHMca on HacxynHBrneft asapu, KpeexBjrae, o6xoah jiysa 
h nepecKaKHBan ci> Kamia Ha KaiieHB, mm oahb* 3a APyrHin> 
no Aoport CTaparo Bpeiiemr. 



xxvn. 

\ ii6% nocn&ib. MnHOBaji'B aBrycrb, Haciajso Bpeiia ytfopra 
BiHorpafta. EajFrasapi h $paHcejiHHa noBiH*iajnicB, h CBaju>6a 
EX'h, Kara Cyflio Ha 3*0 Mapny $omiopepy h Miosejuurb, 6boa 
o^Ha hs-l caMBixi nunraHXTu IIotohb BepnyjiacB snita, noKpma 
ace 6e3MOJiBHBiHi> CHiacHfjMT> KOBpoirB, Hatipocuia Ha aepeBBH 
icpyaceBnoft y6op* h3t» hhoh h yKpacnjia coaoMeHHHH KpHmH 
oaxpOMOft cocyjreK'B. 

ydpoficTBo AoporH MeaeAJ KajrampoMB h ropoAora npiixo- 
jTTJin kt> KOHuy, h bc4 oxotho patioTajin Ha Heft. Uotobtb h 3Hna 
npouua, BHfflHfl, nocaseHHafl CTapHin*, bc4mh no3a6HTiurB Eo- 
poafweirb, sauB&ia bhobb, pacinian h Apyri* jepeBBa fb ca- 
jarb, 

Eor^a Tpaypx TepMemi Konnraca, Maps* CKasajn* dapoMy 
Mtoaejno: 

— Hy, KyicB, TenepB b*jb bbi coraacHu. PimafiTe see Kor^a 
mei carpaeiTB CBa^Bfiy. 

— Koraa xonemB; t&itb CKop^e, t6itb jiy^rae. 

— IIojiho, Kyin, se cepAHTecB, a b4«b TenepB 6y»y Bamnirb 
bhjicom'b: ciaHeirB Jiysme Apy^MMH. 

— %o CKasaHo, to CKasaHo— aceHmecB ce64I fl He MimaBo, 
ho /ipysBAMH mu HHEorAa ho 6yAeM«B. 

— Hcthhho acejiisHaii y Baro rojiOBa! — BocmiHKHyjrB MapEB. 

— Hah ce6i cb Eoroin>,— otb4twb CTapnKB. 

MapicB AOJiaceHi 6mjib b3htb Ha ce6a Bci xjiouotbi no sa- 
KjKJieHiio KOHTpaKTa. KorAa npnmjio BpeMH, MiosejiB hsjio^hji^ 
HOiapiycy cboh Haiiipema. 

— TepMeTTa nojiyHnrB wb npHAaHoe Bee, ito h« ne iiory 
OTiiiiTB y Hen: cocTOHHBe iiaTepn h cocTOHHBe CBoero OTi^a. A 
oti> mchh hh rpoma. TaKb h sannmHTe. 



KOHEIVL CTAPEflU. 221 

— Hy tto Bii, KjifB Mioses, — saKfrrajcb HoiapiycB, fb 
kohtop* Koioparo coBepiuajuHCB Bcer^a bc* ^4jia ex*b combe,— bh 
f&A& BiisaeTe saiiym flowy Mroseoieft, Heyasejia bh TaffB - TaKH 
Hnqero He jwpere eft? 

— Eft OTOfiserB yca#B6a, ?ero ace 6oJH>me? 0, ecjHfe a 
tojibko hofb othhtb y Hea yca*B6y! Hh MEHyiBi <$h a He sa^y- 
iiajicji. 

— Eh rporaa otb BacB! Aa 9to HeiucjotHMo, HHKor.ua a He 
noBipio- 

— EjuraycB Boro*n>! 

— Bh BToro He CA$jaere! 

— YbhahmI)! 

Ohb chjibho crop6HJiCH nocjrf* CMepra cuHa. Kyia xbEsuLca 
ero ropAUft, HaAMOHHuft bhab. Ohb y»e He BopiajB TenepB, 
Aase He CBncrajB, Kara a&hutb tftiBaiio npemne, KOiyja eiiy He 
6julo oxoth oTB^qaTB Ha KaKoft Hfl6yAB BonpocB. Oh* Ka3MCH 
cocpeAOToqeHHiiirB, paBHOAyniHUirB, Hpa^LHUiTb. Hhtto ho npn- 
BHSBiBajo ero kb jbhshh. Hacjr&AHHKH ero yuepjra, h om> He 
pacnojiarajrB aaace cbohitb coctohhbomb. T4mt> ho uerfe, jlo&l 
ero no npescHeicy Kasajrc* KaiteHHBiKB, h npn cjiyqai ohb npo- 
otmjtb TaKoe ace Henotiiwwoe ynpflifciBo, Kara h paHBme. 
Om cam qyBCTBOBajrb, qro hh?to He bt> coctohhui cjohhtb 
ero bojoo, h 3to AOdaBjuiJio eMy HanBHoe yAOBJieraopeHie. Ohb 
jirotioBajiCH cotiofi; MOseTB (Shtb bb btoicb 6tuia, ero nocaiAHH* 

paAOCTB. 

— Aotipoe AepeBO,— nocir&KBaacfl ohb,— cjomhtbch enje, no- 
scajyft, mokotb, ho yara norHyTB ero, hhkto He noraeTB. 

Ohb HaufepeHHO OTCTpaHflJica otb CBaaetfHuxt npnroTOBJie- 
Hift, h MOJioABie jhoah ycTpaiiBajiH Bee no CBoeMy BKycy. Ohh Ay- 
MajiH-6sjio, no CJiyqaio He^aBHOTo Tpaypa, curpaiB caiiyio ckpom- 
hjk) CBaABGy, ho bt> KajiaHAp* CTHTaaocB, ito joboah Kara <5yA- 
to h He noBlHiajracB, Kara cjr&AyeTB, ecjiH cBaABCa ho cootb4t- 
CTBOBajia cocTOAHiio seHHxa h HeBimi. Ci APyroft cropomi, 

BCHKift, BOAHBHlift 8HaK0HCTB0 CT> HX*B COMBHlfH, CqeJTB 6*1 C66h 

o6HseHHLiHB, eciHCu ho nonajrB bt> qncjLO npHrjiameHHUxi. lie- 

peCHHTaBB BCiXT) pOAHUXB H APySeft, KOTOpiIXB HeB08M03SH0 

6blho o6o3th, ohh yBHAfciH, ito, Jiaate orpaHHiHBB HacKOJiBKo 
bosmosho KpyrB npHrjiameHHux'B, ohh aojukhbi pascqHTUBaTB Ha 
cto ABaAitfLTB qeTupe qejiOBiKa. 

HanaHyHi TopseciBa H3i> CeftsepBe otb neftceHaTOBi npn- 
mejrb n^jiufi KapaBaHi. Hxb 6ijjio qejoB4in> accatb, h cpe^H 
HHx*B uojiOAoft qHHOBHHKT» nyieft coo6meHiii, npiixaBinifi noji- 
Topa roAa tomj HasaAB BMtcrfe cb HHseHeponi. Ohb piniHjn,, 
qTo cBaAB(5a bb KajiaHApi HaBipno aosa6aBHTB ero, 3to, aoj- 
»ho 6utb, TaffB „norhniHO a . 06paTHjiHCb Kb coci^Mt, Jloma- 
HajLAMB, EeHCOHairb, qTo6u pasirtcTHTL bc4xt> 9thxb npifeacHXT). 



222 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Eiaea He uorjia noarfrcTHTb hh oahon>; o, KOHeiHO, He no He- 
i iHiio, ohh HHqero Tan He xorkaa, Kara AOdaBHTb yjjOBOJib- 
ciBie njunfHHHHitfi, Bora CBHuiraat! Ho, Kara HapoqHO, OHa 
HMeHHo TenepB nepe^katiBajia Maipaq> CBoei eAHHCTBOHHOft 
cBofioxHofl nocTejiH. $oimopepu Tasse He mohih hphath Ha 
noMomb MioaejwMi, Tara Ran h ra hhitb HaixajiH poactboh- 
hitkh H3T» ninpeHa h H3i BpaHra. 

Mapra BUHHcajrb hot* ropoja BOAOTyto EtinoqRy, KOTopyio 
mykb ofiftsara noAapnxb aceiri), $aTy h meiKOBoe naaibe, nepe- 
AtaaTb KOTopoe BSHjacB ,a,epeBeHCKafl nopTHHxa. HircoTopue 
npiHTejiH MapRananuH, ito mejisoBoe uiane, noacaayft, Aaace 
H3junnnaa pocROfflB. 

Ha Apyroft sea* Tepverra BCT&aa paHo. HcHoe CBiaee 
yrpo noRasajtocB efi npejecniurb. 

KaicB jaBHO acnajia ona aroro aha; eft He Bipaaocb aase 
i to ora, HaROHeirb, HacTyuBjTL. OHa 6oflJiacJb, qio bto bco boj- 
mefiHuft com), h, npocHyBoiHCB, OHa yBHAHTB ce6a nonpe&Heny 
oKpyseHHoft t4mh ysacara, npn oAHora BOcnonHHamm o koto- 
pun) cna hobojibho coxporajiacB. OHa 6u*& m» xaROirb-TO mwiy- 
coBHrvTejiBHoirB cocToaHiH, Bee KasajiocB eft He TaKHirb, Kara 
licerja, h cana OHa 6uura He Taxa*: bcio ee nepenojouuia pa- 
aoctb, HajiesAa h totl CMyTHuft CTpax*— HOAOB&pie Kb cyxbftfc, 
KOTopoe Bcerxa coxpamuorb jik>ah, iraoro CTpaAaBmie,— Bee oto 
B&rftcri npHAaBajio HeotiuqHoe HanpaBjieHie es uuc&awb. 

MajiOHbRan BacRa — Bee Tanan ace »HBaa h noABHSHan, 
xom yae iiaTB ceiteftcTBa, — h nopTHHxa, cmbho osadoqeHHa* 
THKoft BaxHoft CBaAbtioft, npHHun OA^BaTb ee. HTara, aro npaB- 
ia, ceftqacb OHa OTAacrb cbojo cyxbfiy ra pyioi jiio6HMaro 
i' jiOB^Ka. OxBaqeiraa* paAOCTbio, OHa npocnjra y Bora npo- 
meHbH sa to, qio Tara qacro noAAaBajacb OTqa*HbH> Be* en 
TrpomexmLi oropqeHia CTymeBHBajmcb nps mhcm o Tora, 
ra qeiiy ohh npnBejiH ra kohit£ KOHijora! 

Oti> BpeMeHH ao BpeiieHH ona BurjuiAUBajia Ha ABopi>, Ha- 
nnjiHflBmi&cfl myMOMi, BocRjnmamamr, seceiura CMixom, ap- 

KHMH KOCTIOMaMH. JKeHmHHH AOCTaJIH H3T» IHRa^OFb CBOH JBLjq- 

inifl hmtbh h HaAioui 30jiotuh yRpameHBB. ^,b4 6apuniHH hbi 
Cefisepbe 6ujhh bt> cb4tjihxi> njiaTbHXb h mjtsnax'b Cb D,BiTaMa, 
i jo upoHSBejio Heo6biqaftHuft 3$$eRTb. HapHAU, HeaSBicTHue ao 
r;TXb nopi bi KajiaHApi) yRasuBajiH Ha npoHHsmee xyAa bm4ct4 
cr s sejoL^SHOft Aoporoft Bjiinme ropoAa. 06uqan Ao6paro CTaparo 
BpeiieHH, cjiiAya ROTopuirb KajaHipn;H Bu6HpajH npoqHUH iia- 
Tepin h Henapicie iiBfrra, norymie ciysHTb n^Jiyio shshb, 
Cum rpy6o HapymeHd sthmh jierRHMH TyajieTaMH, vb ROTopuxi 
saHtqajiocb crpemieHie cji*AOBaTb xoth HSAaie sa RanpasHMMH 
Tpe6oBaHbflHH hoakt* CojiHAHue o6HTaiejiH KajiaHApa noorim- 

i IJIHCb Haffb 9THMH 6apBIHlHHMH H8*b Gefttepbe, HO MOJOAHe jdoak 



KOHEIJ'B CTAPHHH. 223 

<5bijih ocjrfinjieHLi hxb KOCTioMaMH, a AiBymra, h npeac^e bc$xb 
Tepnerra, omyTHJiH bt» cepAU* yto-to bpoa* saBHCTH. 

CTapuft MfosauB He nepeoA$B&iiCH. Ha Hen* 6ujia Bee Ta- 
me cipan maiiKa, paCoqaa 6jiy3a, h He6pHTa* aijiyio HeA&juo 
tiopoAa noKptiBajia rpnsHoft meTEHoft ero mophihhhctuh meKH. 
Ohb xoahjtb B3aA*B H BnepeAB, HeHHoro CMymenHwfl, cpe^n pas- 
pjuteeHHuxB rodefl, HanooiHflBinHXB abop*b. Eomnaji qacTB npa- 
rjiaineHHUXT> hphhochjh mojioabiitl hoa&pkh. KasAtifi BH(Spajn> 
Ajui dToro, ^ito y Hero 6ujlo jyqmaro: oahhb ab* tiyiiOKH CTa- 
poft boakh, Apyrofi dHaHOHHTaro IIIapMOHTCKaro BHHa, Tperift 

KOpSBHy npeKpaCHO COXpaHHBQIHXCJI Jl6jIOKB; ^OAOHHXa, CMBHB- 

majicfi cbohitb HCKyccTBOWb bhboahtb HHAieEB — npHHeaaa caMyio 
jBEjapeyio bo Bcefi AepeBHi HHAK>niKy. EorAa CTapHRa cnpainK- 
BajiH, KyAa kjmctb csepTKH h kopbhhkh, ohb 0TB$qajn> cb Ta- 
ehmb paBBOAyniHUMx bhaomb, Kara 6yATO h vb caiioirb jfrxb 
6hun> qysHirb bb dToro aom4: 

— KyAa xorare, a ba*cb He xo3ahhb. 

TepMBTTa cb 6e3noKoflcTBOMi> Ha6jiK)Aajia sa ero noBeAemeMB. 
HaKOHen,^, OHa KpHrayaa eMy hbb OKomKa: 

— ?to ace, A*AyniKa, pasB* bh He 6yAeTe OA*BaxBca? 

— 0, jfia Toro, qTo a xoqy CAiuiaTB, BpeMeHH xBaiHTB. 
HaKOHen^,, hbhjich Mapra bb coupOBoacneHiH cBoero ceMeft- 

CTBa h cbohxb npiHTejieft. TepMerra, npeAynpesAeHHan $paH- 
cyasofi, bch BcnuxHyra, noAffoxajia ra OKomKy. JIhi^o Mapica, 
03apeHHoe ciamora, ciaiio; mnpoKUi dojia ero qepHofi mjianu 
Becejo pasBisajiHCb; bb neMHiRy CBoeft hobo3 Kyprcn oh* 
BOTKHyji ipfrru h JieHTy; ohi> meJTB chjilhrA h KpoTKift, Kara 
BcerAa blia*jibhcI) cpeAH bc6xb cbobmb Horyrara poctomb, bu- 
coko noAHHMaa roaoBy,— Kara cirfuiLift h ciacTJHBHfi: qejiOBira, 
Ybha4bb HBAajiH MOJiOAyco A^BymKy, ohb Becejio iiaxHyjrb eft py- 
Koft. OHa noKpacH^Jia enje CHJiBHie h, HOKJiOHHBnijicB eiiy, 
<$ucTpo cocKOjiB3nyjia cb oRHa, ?to6u ckputb CBoe cqacTBe otb 

JJotfOHBITHUX'B BBOpOBB. 

3aniTHBB eraparo MfoseaH to GyAHHroera njaaTsi, Mapra 
HOJiy-rayM, nojiy-cepAHio cnpocHjn> ero: 

— Hto 9to? PaBB^ bm He yqacTByeTe BxcBaAe^Hoft i^epeMOBOH? 

— HMeHHO!— OTBiTRJTb TOTB CB HpOHH^eCKOft yjIBl6K0ft. 

— %o bu roBopMe? — BocoHKHyjrB MapKB, npeA^yBCTBya 
Kanyio Hn6yAB HOByio BuxoAKy CTapHRa. 

Tocth, HanojiBLaBmie abopb, equina 9totb pasroBopt, hoaxo- 

AHJIH KB HHMB. TepiieTTa, BB HOAB^He^HOHB DJiaTB^, CiHH MOJIO- 

AOCtbk) h CBiacecTLio, Bunua Ha noport a<> m &> bctp^thtb ace- 
HHxa. Bijioe njiaTBe h $aia eme 6ojiie orrtHiijiH en posoBUH 
meKH, qepTu jiHn;a hphhajih npesHiofio oxpyrjiocTB, yjiu6Ka, 
OTKpuBaBmaH aifOHKH BB yTJuaxB ry6i> ? He Hic&jia bb ce6i HHqero 
neiajiBHaro. 



221 PyCCEOE BOrATCTBO. 

CTapvKBOKHHyj'b ee Mpa<raiiMi> BarjiaAOMi* h, EasajEOCb, octuca 
jjOBOjnm eio. Bc4 ciymajiH. Owb B30<Spajrca Ha EaMeHb, ito6h 
cnoca ero 6ujul jiyqme CJHmHH, h cpeAH rjrydoqaftmeii thihhhh 
Hana-Tb carfi^yiomyK) p$q&> oqeBHAHO sapaHie npHTOTOBJieHHyro: 

— Itorja a semuB 6$AHaro AHToea, a nepejuurb eHy ycaAbtfy 
Mfosejueft, ito6h omoBCKifi: joitb Bcer^a ocTaBaaca y CTapmaro 
cuHa nameft C6mlh. Ahtoh'b yiiepi! Chhi ero ynepi! Ilocjrfi 
Hero HacjA^yerb TepMerra. Tyrb raiero He noAiaaeinb. YcaAbtfa 
Mioaejeft nepexoAHTb kb Heft, a SAto Cojibme He xosamffh*.. 

— ilpocTHTe, — shbo npepBajn> ero Mapsi, a HHsor^a He 
nosBOJiio CKadaTb aro. 

— Mojito th! — rpy6o CEasaorb CTapnsi, — 9to eme He tboS 
iioMii noKa; aaft mh4 AOCEasaTb. fl 8#fccb He y ce6a AOMa, 9to 
mOi Moft Ahtohi (Jturb xopomifi napera, tojbeo rojiOBa y Hero 
tfujia ne coBcfeui, bi nopWi: Aoraa ero OKOJiAOBajia. Ilepe^ 

CMepTtH) OKb BaCTaBHJTb M6HH HOEJTHCTbCa, 1TO a He noniinaio eft 

BLifiTH sa soro eft BSAyMaeTca. ?ero xoierb yMHpaBomift, to 
cbhtq. 8. noo<5imajTC> eMy, 11061 He TpeBosKTb ero, a nto csa- 
3aHo, to csasaHo: TepMerra BuftAerb 3a $onnopepsl. Ho, xotb 
a h paspimaio dTy CBaAbtfy, a Bee Tara He OAo6paio ee 
n HHKorAa ho OAo6pio. Ohh xownrb noseHHTbca. ,Haft Bon, HTofo 
3to npHHecjio Hm ciadbe. 3a^cb eeib CTapHEH, snaBmie eme 
iioero onja; ohh monih 6u nopascieasaTb, kslkl mm ycTpairoara 
jiann> xom>. Mu yM&m paGoTara, bt> name BpeMa, Mory noxBa- 
CTaTb. JLboah 6orarfiioTL He orroro, mo CMOTparb, Kasb xjrfifo 
pacTeri, h He orroro, wo npoiAaiorb Bee cboo Aodpo. HuHtqe 
iiamn merojiH Kyraaiorb Cftnuft xjrtfo, Hocarb toheoo 6*jibe, a 
bt> Kafian HaA&Baiorb BOCKpecHoe noiaTbe, us AyMaioTb, vro, 
kto pa6oTaerb xopomo, tot* h icrb jsfljtmewb cjiaAKO, a kto 
mrfierb AOXOAb, He AOJraeHb »HTb, saEi 6yAT0 y Hero HHiero 
hIjtti. IlocMOTpHMT), HaAOJiro-JiH dTaicb XBararb. 3to hxi a'&io! Ho 
a ne Mory nosBOJiHTb, hto6bi cocioame Miosejieft nomjio Ha Ky- 

Te«H. BlI X0THT6 HOSCeHHTbCa — Hy H SeHHTeCb* HO HOMHH, 

TepMexra, ecjra KorAa Hn6yAb y ie6a He 6yAerb xji46a, He npoca 
y M6Ha. SI oTKasbiBaiocb orb Te6a. H yxoacy* Bi otomi* aom4 bh 
m6hjt 6ojibme He yBHxne. 

Ohb CA&iaji HicKOJTbKO maroBb epeAs CMyqeHHUXi roeTeft, 
i:aK-b 6jato A^ftcxBHTejDibHO co6npaacb yftTH. MapKb AorHajn ero 
11 rxBaTHJTb sa pyKH. 

— B*ab 9to myTKa, He npaBAa-jiH? Bh xopomo SHaeie, ito 
TepueTTa h a, mu jqoah He sjitie... ao caMoft CMepra bh 6yAere 

3J,tCb HOJffiOTb XOSHBHOMl. 

— a H He CHOpH), — TH A06pHft Majlllft, TOJtbEO TH BCe HpO- 
nyCTHLHL CEBOSb HaJbl^bl. HycTH-Ea MeHH. 

— fl Bacb nymy, ecjra bh otfinjaeie nepeoA*Tbca h yw- 
cTBOBaTL Ha CBaAb6i. 



kohed;i ctapbhh. 225 

— 0, CKaaajiB cTapuft Mkhojib c*b ajiotiHoft npomeft, xotb 
tli h oqeHb chjh6hi>, ho He 6jji t euih ace tbi hochtb h6hji Bee Bpena 
Ha pyicaxB. 

Mapra hohjutb, mo Heqero 6mjio oatHAaTB otb HenpeiaoHHaro 
ynopcTBa CTapHKa. Ohb BunycTturt ero. MfoaejB chjutb manKy 

H HOKJIOHHJICH rOCTfliTL. 

— BecejiHTecb xopomeHBKo, — CRasajrB ohb, — Hapoxy h (Seat 
iieaa MHoro. 

Ohb ymejii), cnoKoflHHft h paBHOAynmui cBBHAy, BHyipeHHe 
paayacB, ito eMy y^ajiocB ockop6btb MOJioanxi, — arapaacB bc4mh 

CHJSaMH H6 ypOHHTB CBOe AOCTOHHCTBO, TOPftO HOAHHMa* TOJUOBy 

hoab ycTpeiuieHBBiMH Ha Hero BsnuiAaMH. Ohb Btiraejrb mb bo- 
port, saBepHyjrB sa yrojn> h hctosb, hh pasy He orjuHyBinHCB. 
rociH, qpesBtiqaJBHo yAHBjeHHBie, nepemenTHBajiHCB Meacay 
cotfoft. Ha SHijaxB hxt> mojkho (Jbmo npoiHTatB CHyn^eme h co- 
nyBCTBie, cb e^a yjOBHimto orriiHKOMB HaciiiniKH, KOTopufl 
npH^aerL CAepacHBaeMoe acejiame pacxoxoTaTBCH* B*b noptiB* ao- 
caflu h OTqaaBM, TepMerra copBajia CBOfi bIhoki h3t> $jiepB- 
A'opaHseft h cb cHjuofi 6pocHjia ero bx yrojn>. 

— mwb a nporHiBHjia Bora, — BocmiHKHyjia ora, — BipHO 
MHi HHKorAa He 6htb ciacTJiHBoitl 

OHa npncjiOHHjiacL kb KOCHicy h, saKpiiBB jihijo pyKaira, pas- 
pBiAajiacB. OKpyacaramie hphhhjmcb yrijmaTB ee. Be* eAHHoroiacHo 
ocyac,najiH CTapHKa: Taiean BBixoAKa coBepmeHHO HeapHjraqHa; ohb, 
Aojisho 6mtb, oKOH^aiejiBHo bbhkhjtb H8B yifa; HiKOTopue o6bh- 
uhjlu Eiany bt> tomb, hto OHa ero noArosopBaa, TasB Kara 

UUKTO He COMK&BaJICH, TOO 0HT> OTHpaBHJICH KB FyppO. 

— Botb TaBn. iiorfemHaa CBaAB^a, — roBopajB MOJiOfloft Heftc- 
ceHaTB h3*b CefiaepBe cbohmb coc4ahmb. 

Mapm> 4>orniopepT) OTCTpaHHjrB npiflTejieft, bshjtb sa pysn cbobo 
6yAymyio seHy h AposamnirB otb BOjraeHin rojiocovB cicasajrB cb 

JViytfOKHMB qyBCTBOMB: 

— PoAHLie BcerAa Te6a iiy*iMH h iiyiaioTBy bc4, KpoMi TBoero 
HOKofiHaro oma. Ho Tenepb a TetfisaMiHio bc£xb, h, KjuraycB 
ie6i, tli noqyBCTByemB, hto SHaiHTB (Jbitb jooftmoft. 

MoJiOAan A^Bymna, chjibho TpoHyian, naiajia noHeiraory 
ycnoEaHBaTBCH. Cxapufl JlameHajiB cobcSmi, oTBjieKB ee otb rpy- 

CTHBIX^ MfclCJiefi. 

— Jlfixb TBofl He xo^eTB BecTH Te6n bi n;epKOBB, ho bb npo- 
BoacaTBixB y Te6a HeAOCTaTKa He CyAeTB. fl casiB HOBeAy xeffn. 
H BamB 6jiflacafiini& coc^ab, 3Ta necTB npHHaAJieacsTB Mat, h h 
He ydynjifo ee. IIpaBo, mh4 AOCTassirB 6ojibinoe yAOBOABCTBie 
BecTH hoab pyKy Tanyio xopomeHBKyio A*ByniKy. 

JlacKOBUH cjioBa CTapHKa fitiSBajLH yjiuOKy Ha JHn,o Tep- 
MerrBi. $amH noMorjia efi npaBecTH bb nopHAOKb CBOft no^Bi- 

M 8. Ota*j* I. 15 



226 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

neiHtifi ytiopb, h OHa no^ajia pyKy JlameHajuo, Roxopuft, hah cb 
Heft, tiujrt, Easuocb, nepenojHeKb ropAOCTbio. 

— 9ft, BLl! — KpHKHyjTb OHb MOJOAHMb JUOAfllTb, — Hy-Ka CKa- 

SHTe, ib£ ffiMA jyqme! GrapHKH-To Bacb sa noacb saTKHyjiH. 

H om> noBejrb TepMerry, noKainajicb, nan tiyATO coCHpajLCH 
TaHD,OBaTi>, qio OKoraaTejibHO pasBeceomio Bcixb. 



XXYIIL 

ECJIH CTapuft Mi036JIb paSCUTUBaJTb Bb K0H6Hb HCnOpTHTb 

npaa^aHKb, to OHb oieHb onnrfcfl. Kara ■ttobEO HsnuAUOCb 
nepBoe Bneqaui'fcHie, ero OTcyrcrBie nepeciajra 3aM$qaib. CBaAbtia 
Kb flepeBHi 9to TaKoe co6trrie, BocnoMHHaHie o KOTopoiib co- 
xpaHfleTCJi ao caiioft CMepra; OHa cocTaBiaerb anoxy Bb oaho- 
o6pa8Hoft SH8HH AepeBeHCKHXi, acHTejieft. Bci HHTepecnue cjiyqan, 
npoflcmeAmie bo BpeM a CBaAbfoi, sanoifBHaioTCJi, h noTOMb Bb auh- 
HMe 8BMHie Beqepa nepexoAHTb mb yen Bb ycia uj&wie pascKasu 
o Heft. Hhkto He iioserb CAepsaTb dToro BsptiBb Becejo>H, npo- 
AOJUsaiomiftcH BHorAa neiupe, hhtb AHefl, ecu ho tiojibme. Tocth 
$oinK>pepoBb h Mjosejieft TBepAO pinnura noBeceuTbca Ha 
cjaBy. 

MeTpajb, paAH dioro HCiuuouTejibHaro CJiyqaa, corjiacHjica 
CHOBa BS^TbCH sa CKpBDKy. Offb Bumejrb BnepeAb h yAapHjrb 
ciifciqKOMb. Jlamenajib noAaab pyny TepMerrt, MapKb npnrjia- 
CMb cbok) npiHTejn>HHHiy jiajeHbKyio Eacxy, HHaqe roBop*— ro- 
cnoay MeipajiL. Tocth dajui nonapHO sa hhmh, crapHKH, bchom- 
HHBb mojioaoctl, npejuarajm pyny CBOiurb CBepcTHHijaMb, mojo- 
jpie jdh)ah BLi6npajiH rixb A*BymeKb, cb KOTopwiH zxb cbhsu- 
Bajia TafiHan cHiraarin, h npon.eccia tiesKOHeqHoft jeHTOft hom- 
Hyjiacb no hoboA Aopork 

HlKOJibHuft yimejib saHrpaorb oforaHuft cBaAe6mift mothbt,, 
HiKOTopue noAn^BajiH caoBa. 3to HSB-fecTHaa HapoAHa* niceHKa, 
pascqHTaHHaH Ha K&CKOJLbso HHCTpyiieHTOBb* OHa HeMHoro rpy- 
tfoBaia h HanHcana Bb mywiHBOMb toh4, TaKb Kara <|)paHijy3CKie 
zpecrbjrae HeH3irfeHH0 ocraioTCH <J>paHn;y3aMH: ohh ropAflTCfl rtirb, 
qTO BcerAa ynpasjinioTb cbohmh qyscTBaMH, ohh npeAnorarattrb 

CM^HTTCH HaAb HHMH, qfcllb OTAaBaTbCfl HMT> BCeft AymOft. 

BojiuHKa otfpamaeica Kb HOBoCpaqHoft: 

Hah, ciojia rojiy6ica, 
Hah ciojxa, 6^AHfl^CKa! 
Tli Bn;r&Jia h pa^ocTt, 
Tm BBfl"fejia h rope, 
A Jiynme y>Ki> He 6yjxerb. 
Hah cio^a, rojiy6Ka, 
Hah ciOAa, a^AHH^cKal 



KOHEIfb CTAPHHH. 227 

$jefiTa roBopHTb HOBotipauoM y: 

Tfcl BeflH, MOJIOflOfi, HOTHXOHfcKy 

MoJioayio cbok) noJieroHBKy, 
Hto6h meHKB y Heft He rop-fejra, 
HtoCu hoxckh y Heft He Goji'ejih, 

IIOTHXOHeHKy, 

IIojieroHeHKyl 

3arlurb miapHerb pascKasuBaerb roerairb npo h6bhhhoct& 
ttoaoAoft. Eapafianb npoHSHocnrb: cfl coMHiraaiocb*, a crphiibh 
\|>ajii>iiiHBUMH roaocaMH rHyearb: 

HaMi> oHeHt MHoroe h3b£ctho, 
Ho mm He cTaHeifB tobophtb. 

Mexpajt 8aHrpajn> 9Ty nicHio, noTOMy qxo Ha CBa^Cfaxi 
BcerAa nofon> ee, h hhkto He npa^aerL eft Aypsoro cmhcjul 
Mapsy h TepMerrf He (Jtuo HHKasoro Afcaa, hto roBoparb bc4 
HHCTpyMeHTM Mipa. Ohh BnojiH* BipHjiH apyn> APyry n (fauiH 
raepAO y64iRAeHbi, qTo hxt> ac^ert cqacTbe. 

CBHD^eHHHK^ csasaai nponoBijib, nomyio HaiieKOBb Ha cipacTB 
MapKa kb HOBOBBeAeHiaMi). OffL coBlrroBajrb cynpyraarb He ao- 
BtpaTb HCKycHToaio, BHymaiomeMy jno^flirb ropAHTbcn CBoero 
xyApocrbio. Hcnempaa piqb khhxhumh BupasemjiMff h jkthh* 
€khmh i^aiaTaMH, oflt roBopejTb coBepmeHHO HHKOMy HenoaaT- 
humt> jJ3UKom>. CBa,ab6a tiujia TopsecTBeHHa*, h opaTopB 6un 
oco6eHHO MHoropi^HBL, KpecTb/me TopiriuniBO buhochjih ero 
KpacHopi^ie, Kain> Heo6xoAHMyio qam n;epeMOHiH. ^HHa npo- 

flOB-BAH ia»6 UOHpaBHJiaCB HiKOTOpHlfb. 

— H bhaho, qio a** CoraTHXi,— CKaaan EemtSoTHiift,— 
qepTOBCKH aojto tobophtb. 

Bi pHSHHaii bc&xi> HacMiinHjn> cjiyqafi, Koiopuft AOJiro nocai 
Toro cjiyxHjrb t6mok> pasroBopoB*. Ciapuft JlaineHajib Aouteffb 
<faun> pacnHcaTBCfl b* KaqecTB* cBH^feTejifl; obtb B&Hjrb nepo h 
npHHfljiCH pascMaTpHBaTB ero, Katcb HaKor^a HeBHflaHHtift HHdpy- 

M6HTB. JIfiJITO npHHOMEHaJTb Offb, JCaKHlfb o6pa30ITb Cb HHMb 

ofipamaioTCfl, ho HHiero ho Morb npHAyMaTb. OtiicaKHyB'b ero bi 
qepHHjibHHi^y, owl noAHecb ero Kb 6ynarb, oxHAaH, ho Haquen 
jh oho caiio BHcaib; ho nepo ociaBajiocb HenoABHsnuirb ro 
ero najbn,axb. Tor,aa oht> ct> ptniHTejibHUMT, bhaomt, onycrajTb 
ero Ha 6yMary, h bc* HaKJiOHMHCb HaAb rairb, ito6u yAofifffte 
otAHTb aa dToft Jno6onuTHoft onepaiuefi, ho oh* HiucaKHXH ch- 

JiaMH H6 MOrb BUBeCTH HH OAHOft 6yKBH. 

— S npaBO He SHaro, mto xyrb A&JaTb, rocnoAHHb Kiope, — 
CKasajrb ohx, HaKOHeni^,— tojibko a HHaaicb He Mory. 

Ohi orpaHHqnjiCH tbmt>, hto nocraBijib Kpecrb. Ha o6paT- 
homt> nyTH MapKb noAajib pyicy cBoeft senb. Ohh npeAdaBJiflJiH 
co6oS npeKpacHyio napy — oht, BucoKift, njioraufi, cb yB-bpea- 

15* 



228 pyccKOB bopatctbo. 

hhmh xBHseHunur, OHa cjepsaHHaa, po6Kaa, Bee eme oqeHB to- 
HeHBKaji, xotji xepeBeHCKan jkhshb b% o6n\em> yKpinejut ee. 

Ee, K0H61H0, H6JIB8H 6tUI0 HaSBaTB CHABHOfi pa60THHI^eft, HO 8& 

to OHa 6wjia BacToamaa jana. Ohh sairiqaiejiBHO rapMOHnpo- 
BajH jqyrb cb ApyiWB. Merpajib cb yBjeqemeirB Hrpajn. Bne- 

peXH HXT>. 

— Mh4 KaSOTCA, HTO SH3HB MOH HaiHHaeTCH CUSHOBa, — 

CKa3ajia Tepiiena My«y, BsrjuuuBaji Ha Hero cb HeH&BHCHH- 
MHm> Bupasemeirb cwctbh h h4xhocth. 

— H 9to 6yxeTi> noHCTHH* HOBoe Bpeiw, — pa^ocTHo otb4- 
ia» Mapra. 

— Hy, crapHHa, — roBopHjn $Hjioco$B«Be38a6oTHHft Jlame- 
Hajno, — botb h KOHqeHO, Tenepb ys* ohh He Moryrb pasBi&H- 

WTBCH. 

Bpeitfl 6mjio acapKoe, h o<54ab npnroTOBHjiH Ha ABopft. Ok 

nOMOO[BK) fflBERUTb JOCOKB, HOJOSeHHUX'B Ha 60ieHKH OKOJIO 

satfopa, ycTpoHJiH rponajiHuft ctojtb. KeHCOHti, BessaCoTHwfl h 
Mapsb npnjtfuiajH mab hhm*b HariwrB hsb sejteHH. Hapfeaa &&& 
9Toro BiTBM, ohh cjyqaflHo Hamjin rHi3AumKO, bi niy6HK& ko- 
Toparo na nyxy jesajo hhtb KpomeRHuxi necTpuxi> HR?eKB. 
XpoMoft npHHecb ero, He oxpuBaa on b$tkh, h npHKpftHHn, 
KSLKb BMfaeiiy njOAOpOAia, ma* irtcToirb mojiojiuxb. 

Bi BOCToprt on CBoeft BHAyifra, otl xoriurB, ito6u Bd 
hoahbhjlhcb eft; KajK^aro hsb rocieft om> hoaboahjtb kb rafoAy 
h, BucjiymaBB BOCKjran;aHiH yAHBjeHifl, ycMixajica vb CopoAy. 

Bt> ACHuft BeceHHifi achb, hoa* t4hbio sejieHBix'B Bfrraeft Ha- 

iaj[Cfl OflRHB H3B liXB KOJIOCCaiBHBIX'B flepeB6HCKHXB oti^AOBB 

KOTopue ocTaBjuHorB AaaeKO sa cotioft bc* cairn* ciiiuBifl npeA- 
craBJteHifl o bm4cthmocth lejiOBiraecKaro acejiyxKa. BoiKa BHHa> 
npHKpHTan 80JieHBio orb cojiHija, BosBuinajiacB y BepxHHro KOHija 
CTOJia. 

— KaKB OTO yXO^HO, — 8aMiTHJTB Be38a60THHft, — H B"B HO- 

rpefe xoahtb He mao. 

— Tojlbko kb CBa^b6i noqaia, — o&bhbhjtb Maps*.— CopoKB 
Be^epi). Mu He BCTaHeMi Hsvsa dojia, noica He hokoh^hmi ee. 

— He 6ofrrecB, — cKasaotB Be3sa6oTHufi cb ytifeatfeHieirB, — 
ecjiH tojibko y BcfixB TaKan se asasA&t ^^ 7 mchh— jiHniHHro 

He OKaseTCH. 

$paHcya8a, $aHia MeTpajiB, ^OAOHHxa h eme h4ickojtbko co- 
c^aokb npHCJtyasHBajiH sa ctojiohb. HaKaHyH* neqKa TonsuracL 
cb paHHaro yipa ro nosAHHro Beiepa — cnepsa neKJiH xji46u, 

QOTOMB HHporH, HOTOMB ffiapHJIH HHCO. YipOMB, BB A6HB CBajU>6u 

^apHjiH eme to, ito ria.no 6ujio noAasaTB ropn^HMB. 3a roBA- 
AHHOfi xoahjih bb ropOAB, Kponi xoro sapisajiH TejieHfta, AByxB 
6apaH0BB, He ciHTan oCHTaiejiefi nraqbHro ABopa, cpeAH koto- 
puxB 6hUL0 npoHSBe^eHO crpauiHoe onycTomeme. CoiKrjiH r^tjiufi 



KOHBIflb CTAPHHH. 229 

Bosi» xpowb. IIocje& Bcero bb ne% nocTaBsuur cauuft rpoMaAHtii, 

KaKOfi TOJSBKO MOJKHO 6ujkO HafiTH, K0T6JTB CB CUpHUHB CynOMB, 

^paHcyaaa bc6 cboh HaAeawu BosjiosHJia hmohho Ha 9to kj- 
maHBe. OHa ceMB ?acoBi> Bapajia Ha jiencoifB ora* xjiiftB ct> cu- 
poin», no^JiHBafl ipe3B ica&Aue nojraaca fiyjiBOH'B abb ahih. 
Kor.ua ero BHecra, cnjiBHtift h BicycHuft sanaxi npoHecc* bb bos- 
Ayx*. XjA6b pacTanjrB, a KasajocB, wo rycTua cjihbkh, aienca so- 
jiOTHBniiflCH Ha noBepxHOCTH, HanojiHHJiH Bees rpoMa^Htifi K0- 
Tejn>. $paHcyasa, cina paAOdBio npn bhx^ Bnojmi yAaBmaroca 
cyna, HCie3ajna b* uiyfoxB apoiiaTHaro napa, noABiMaBmaroca 
BCHKifl pasB, Kor^a OHa onycicajia AepeBjmHyio jiosKy bt> Korexb. 
PaAOdB T&Kb nepenojiHHJia ee, hto ona onjyrajia noipetinociB 
paacepAHTbCH Ha Koro HHtiyAB. 

— Botb h Bee Moe HCKyccTBO, — spHHaja ora cepAHTHKB 
rojiocoMB,— ecjra kto He aobojchb, a oTEasuBaiocB. 

— Aa bto npodo BejHKOJr&nHo, — OTBiqajm neftcceHam 
H8B CeiteepBe, kotopumb no^ajia npesxe bc*xb. 

^HHOBHRKB HyTeft C006lD,eHLfl BaflBHJTB Aa&te, TOO 3T0 cnpOCTO 

coeyuway, ho hhkto ho hohhjfb, wo ohb xot&jtb CKasaiB drain. 
JOLoskh cb osecTO^emeirB cxyqajiH no Tapej[Kam>, jiaKoxKH 
o6sHrajiH ce6* pora h rpoMKO orauxHBajiHCB. B*r paaeuxB koh- 
ijaxB CTOJia cjiumajiocB anneraTHoe npaqMOKHBame. A bb 3T0 
BpeMH CTapuft MiosejuB, chah y Typpo, io»e ho bbhbeqhxch Ha 
CBaflbtfy, syHajrb cb HanBHUMB caMOMHimeirL: c CsyiHeHBRO mr&, 
Aojubho 6htb, 6evb m6hh>. Ha caMom> j&jft o newb AynajiH He 
{JojiBiue, qiMi* nponuioroAHeirb CHirfc. Ilorojia fouia npeKpac- 
Haa, cBaAB6a bb pasrapi, cupHtift cyn* y^ajECH Ha cjiaBy, bc* 
o6^AaBinie ncnuTUBajiH nojiHiftmee Hacjiaacneme. 

— TaicL caMO bb potb h HjerBl— bockjihkhjji'b JIaineHajiL. — 
HejiB3fl jih enje Tapejumy? 

— Mbi 6h Tarae hobtophuh, — saKpniajio cpasy ABSuwaiB 
tojiocob'b. 

— Tyrb en^e cyny no KoiiHO, — OTBiTHia ^paHcyasa, koto- 
pan sarpe6ajia cbohmt> qepnaKOMt, EaKB BecjuoMB, bb HeoftbHTHOVB 

KOTJli. 

— A! Aft wpaBCTByeTB cynB! — BocsjiHKHyjiB Boahjib Kchcohb, 
npoTflrnBaa cbok> TapejiKy h siiypn on> HacjuasAeHia cboh Ma- 
JieHLKie rjiasKH. 

— Hajneftre-Ka mh4 rymnitH, — npocnjrB BessaCoTHHft, — 

CBHHefi BOAOfi He OTKapMJIHBaiOTl,. 

TepMeTra, 6ojiie HtsHaa h A^JiHEaTHaH^ ho worjia npHHHMaTB 
ynacriH bi> 9tomt> rpy6oMi> BecejiBH. MapKB BonpocniejiBHO no- 
CMOTptjIT) Ha Hee. 

— BiAHHfl Moft OTei^B, — CKasajia OHa, — ero etItb cb Hamr. 

— Ta^ 6u ohb hh 6tun>,— OTBiqajrb cqacuiHBUH MapKB, — 



230 PXCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

oht> xoarseni 6utb AOBOjero 9thmi atom*. EMy (fruo (far H0~ 
npi^THO, ecra 6u mbi bi> xaKoft xeHB ropeBajH. 

9to HBorooooxHoe myMHoe ctiopnnie, m rpytfoBaiaa Beee- 
joctb, 9th yaacajonjie anneTHTU, 9to o&uie bouchxb jctb* — 
Bee HpaBHjiocb eMy, Bee ero paAOBUO. Ero mapoKoe anp pac- 
njEUBajiocB on yAOBOJBCTBiii, cuuro cqacrievb h saopobbcmv EDta- 
posiji nojifl ero nuurau, CABHHyToft Ha saTiuon, pa3B&BajiHCB> 
xairb 6yjrro OHa cofapajacB yjerfiB. Ero MycKyjHcnui pyu cb. 

TaKOft CHJOft H pifflHTeJIbHOCTBIO paSHHMaJH Ha KJCKH MHCO, 

KOTopoe eMy nepeAaBajs, Kara CyATO ero HysHO (fauio, bo iio> 
6a to hh cTajio yHHiTosiiTB. Ohb 6bijtb nepBUMi, bt> 4a* h 
hhtb*, 8a crojofom ohtb ocnBajCfl t&KBWb ace xopomMM* patior- 

HHBOMB, KaKk RB HOjA; BT» MHHyTU OTftUXa OBTB OBHAUBajTB A<>- 
BOUHKIMl B8WMA0KB BeCB CTOJTB, BCiXT> 9THXT> CTO ABaAWTB DflTB 

rocreft, ci>TaKHin> yBjre^emeirB OTAaBaBmHxea CB*Ae6H0My nnpy. 
Ho Aoport ciyiaftno npomejrb Pa6ojiBe« Mapra npHrjutman 
ero, ero seHy, CBoero daparo Apyra Eajrrasapa h $paHcejraHy r 
bo $paHcejHHa ho Morja upocthtb Mapicy, hto oh* nepe- 
CTaxb 3a Heft yxaxHBaTB, He josflaBmHCB, m OHa cana ot- 
Kasajia eMy; BTaflH* ona 6um chjibho ocEop&seHa bthm*. Ohb 
OTB^THjia, ito en ceubH 6£uia-6u oiera pajia npHcyTCTBOBaTB sa 

CBaAB(S4, HO, Kb COSajlHiH), OHH AOJUKHBI OTnpaBHTBCH aha na 

ABa bt> BpaHrB y6paTB cBoft jryn> h i^yn> Kara paai> kb aghb 
CBaAtCu; onuiaAHBaTB nojio«HTejiBHo HeBosMoarao h BOjefi-HeBo- 

left HMB npHXOAHTCil H8BHHHTBCH. ,3,4fiCTBHTeJIBH0, yrpOMl $paH- 

cejiHHa cb My»eMi> h MaiepBio yftxau, a PH6ooiBe ocrajc* 

OAHHl HpHCMaTpHBaTB 8a A0M0M* H CKOTHHOft. 

MapKB, 8aMiTHFB ero qepesi satiopB, ouBKHyorB: 

— CociA'B} bh KyAa? 

— #a a TSLKb, mhmo men. 

— BaKycHTe cb naMH, pasi y»B bu hoaohuih. 

— BjaroAapH) BacB, a. o6&A&ro* 

HoBo6paHHiift nepecKowjB qepesi satfopt h, nojBsyjiCB na 
otfuKHOBeHiio CBoeft cnjoft, ocTaHOBHn ero. 

— ToBopio BaMB 9 bu saftAeTe Kb mm. CjiyqHjiocb ho Tain, 
jcaiTB mli cb BaMH AyMajH; ho He ccophtbch ace fiaMB H8B-3a 
OToro. 

— Pfl6ojiLe! Pfl6ojiBeI— KpHqajH JIaraeHajiB h EessatfoTHiift. 
3a hhmh noAXBaTHjm h bc6 ocTajiBHue: 

— Pn6ojiBe! PnCojiBe! 

— BBAHie, coc^a^i ceroAHH bc4 BecejuiiTCH. Hy, HAeMie. 

— ?to cb BaMH noAfaaemB, b^a^ bu HSBicraBifl chmtb, 
otb Bacb He yftAemB, — otb4thjtl PbCojibc, KOToparo vb cymHOcra 
chjibho MaHHjn> BHymHTeiBHBift bba*b CTOJia. KasAuft ycTynajrK 
eMy Mi cto, KasABifi 8Bajrc> no6jiH»e ki ce6i. 

— 0, CBasaji Pfl6ojiBe, no^HHiiacB ceftqacx se otfmeny 



KOHRIfB CTAPHHH. 231 

TOHy, — caasatre mghh, xyxa xothto, tojibko He nepeffb nyCToft 
TapejuRoA. 

Bc4 K&iaHHpipi, npoxonHBtnie no Aopori, craHOBUHCb Ta 
kHVb o6pa30irb rocTHMH $omypepa,— oh* ci paAOCTbto cotipan 
6u cioga SHTejreft Bcero seMHaro mapa. Ohx npntfaBiurb eme 
Aocoirb n CTOjry, ?to6u hhkomj He oTRastiBaTb. Bhobb iiphCmb- 
mie, onMHeHHtie aanaxon KymauS v sapaairrejLbHoft Beceio- 
ctbh) npeasHHXb rocreft, 6ucTpo no^HHfljiHCb noTORy ofinjaro se- 
cejBH. HiKOTopue npoxojjnjiH, AftftcTBirrejiBHO, cjiyqafiHo: Mapsi ho 
HMijrB HHKaRoro ocHOBama cneniaabHO npHTiamaTB hxb, ho oh* 
He xoriurb AonycraTB, ito6u ohh npoauH memo, He bhhhb* 
crasaH^HKa sa SAopoBbe mojioahxT). Kto xejajrb, More BtraHBaTb 

9TH CTaKaH<IHKH XOTB JSfl ROHItf, npa8AHHRa; CTOJTb CbUTb OTKpHTb 

am Bctob. Apyrie tipoAura Bonpyrb HapoiHO, bb Haaesfffc ypsaxB 
KycoqeKi). TaRt, HanpHM&pb, TpyAHO CRasaTB c& yfffcpeHHOCTbio, 
*rro y HOTrajiBOHa 6hjio aiftCTBHTejibHO vb btotb xbhb a*jo no 
cod&ACTBy. Eme Menie Bipoflrao, hto cropoaty tiiuro Heotixo- 

AHMO HMeHHO CerOAHH HOrOBOpHTb Cb MapKOMT) O RaROMb-TO Ma- 

jioBamHOMi, Alur£. Hoporb he nepeffb rfurb ho sanKpajiH, bc4 
areaaionue hphhhjih yqaciie bt> TopsecTBi. 

^ase J^iosoHi noKasajicfl HeBjrajreirfe, h MapRi ouroft yea- 
Ahjh ero pflxoirb ci co6oft. BiaHa nocaaaa ero pasysHaTb, wo 
Tairb xbmeica. Ciapuft Mioaejib (fourb ytftaAenb, to> 6ew> Hero 
CBa^b6a AOJixHa hoxoahtb Ha noxoponu. BiaHa, motfu hojcbcthtb 
eMy, xoriaa noffroepAHTb bto npeAHOJioseHie. 

HeciacTHtift flioaoffb, nocii njeAparo yromeHi* Hosaro poA- 
CTBeHHinca, BepHyjiCH, ejie aepaeacb Ha Horaxi. CTap&Rb, ci He- 
TepnimeMb noASHAaBmift ero yate itfuraft qacb, otiepHyjc* kt> 

H6My Cb JKHBiflfflHlTb jno6onMTCTBOM T L. 

— Axi, MaMa, — CRasajrb lOHufi pasBiiAiHKb,— too sa csajjbtfa, 
qTo 8a cBaAfctia! 

— ffiajKan cBaAfctia, He npaB.ua jih?— cnpocHjia BiaHa, yB*- 
peHHaa fb cnpaBe^jiHBOCTH cbohxt* npeAnojioneHift. 

— KaKi, sajiRM? ^a Tavb bt» KajiaHApt HHRorAa eme He 
BecejrajiHCb h He 6yAyrb BecejiHTbcn! 

CTapHKT> noMopmnjicji h, HacBHCTUBaH, OTBepHyjicn bb Apyryro 
cropoHy, 

— Bose MHJiocepAHbift! — BCEpaqajra pasiapeHHaa Typpo- 
ARxa, AaBaa noAsaTbijibHHKb CBoeMy jiK>6Ewnj, — ototo MajLbHHmRa 
6ojrraeTb ; cam ho BHaera, ^to. Oht> CTaHOBHTCH TaRHVb ace 6oj- 
BaHOMi), KSLKb ero 6parb. 

^iosoHb, BCXjninuBaH, ymejrb cnaTb m> yrojioRi, He noHHHan, 
8a too ero hph6hjih. 

A MesAy t6mi>, bo ABop6 Miosejieft RpacHoe bhho, RaR* 

KJHOIT) BeCOJIbH, 6e80CTaH0B01H0 JIHJIOCb 031 601BH Bb RyBKHHU 

a hsb KyBraHHOBi> bt, cTaKaHii. Ees3a6oTHufl 9 rjiasaMH BjiasHBiHH 



232 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

orh y.MiucHiJi, Ha6jno,najn>, qio cajia cipyn Bee HeyMemnajiacb,— 
^OKaaaiejiLCTBo, *ito BHHa ocyragajiocb enje AOCTaxonno. Kop3HHH 
vh x-iifioM-b nepeaasajiHCB esb pyn bt> pyrai, ho otb xjrf>6a 
MHorie oTuasuBajiHCB, HaxoA*, wo ceroAHH He jo Hero. Kycraf 
Mjica, naciH cbhhhhli, TejflTHHa, oCsapeHHaa Ha BepxeJii, npa- 
chbo y t'paHHHe mmjiHxa, cxaAa yxon, wb nocaiAHifi pan njna- 
fiaBQiHXii fiii 6pK)BBeHHOM'B coyci, HHAfomKH, yKpameHHBiH nepbJMH 
H3i3 cBoero xBocxa, 6apaHi>, ofiacapeHHufi a&ihkoifb h noAaHHbif , 
aa iienMiHieiffb AOCxaxoiHO 6ojiBraoro 6jhiow, Ha aock&, ropH 
Mflca pa3HyxT> copxon noflBJWJiHCb Ha rpoMaAHon ctojt& h 
foicxpo HcnesajiH. 

HejiocTH patioiajiH 6e30CxaHOBO?HO, ho Mimaa nepeKpecx- 
HUM r b pauroBOpara, a ma* bc4mt> ctoajtb CMiunaHHtift, Becejiuft 
tjm. ToBOpHjiH o cocTOJiHin mojioahx*, Apyrie, Bnpo^eirb, na- 

XO^UJIU, HTO HHXT» He CTOHTO 3a6oiHIbCJI, HITL H tan XOpOfflO; 

nepetiiipajH OAHy sa Apyroft hx* semiH h oirf*HHBajiH hxt>. Cxa- 
puKn paacnadUBajiH, Kan ohh aseHHucb. BcnoMHHajiH orfunHue 
ciyiau na CBa^axt. 

MojiOAue juioah noABHrajUHCb 6jraae Kb cbohmi> codfeAKara h 
no-flepcBeHCKH, rpyfioBaxo yxaasHBajra sa hhmh, conepHHia* 
Apyrb ct> APyroirb bt> ocxpoxan. Bc$mi> xorfuocb myxnxb h 
cMi-HiLCji, He safoiBaji, KOHeqHO, otfb 4a* * B£ihhbk£. 

MHorAa rpoMorjacHoe BocKJinijaHie, noBpuBaBmee co6ofi Beet 
ocxaJiBHofl jnyro, AOKaauBaao, w> anneTHTb rociei He y6u- 
saerb. 

— <I>uhia, Kycoqeicb a& noanpHifi! B4ab cx$hbi rpusxb, 
xari. ayfiu nojiOMaemb. 

— Tucaia lepxefi! 3a ctojiomb-to jiobh^o cha^tb, q&n Ha 
jioina^H. 

— 1 ly, 6paTDiU, Kasexcn, (fojibine-TO h h&». 

— UomeBejiHBaflTecB, $pancyasa. ?to bh mh4 Aaexe? xyx* 
h yKjcHib ne^ero. 

EyAerb cb iiena xejuixHHbi, ^OAOHHxa, A&Baflxe-Ka hh4 
Kypimy. Kan Apyroe Ha^Hemb icxb, Tan onaxb h roaojvb ot- 
KyA* B03buexcH. 

Mojioxoft IleftcceHarb mi Cefisepbe nuxajca npHHHTb yna- 
cxie wi 3tbxt> TAsejiOBaxbixi ocxpoTaxi>. To Offb B0COHD;aji , b: 
cJtonHH moh rjnasa*, to npeAJiarajrb fCBepHyxb rojiOBy yTHHot 
jianKi*. Hhkto, Kpoiii ero ace KOMiiaHin, He cm&uich, a Ka- 
jiaHApuw ci> jno6onuTCTBOM , b nocHaTpHBajiH Ha Hero, Kan Ha 
HeBHAaHHaro SBipn. 

Ee33a6oTHbifi qyBCTBOBajrb ce6a, KaBi> pu6a n boa*, o6w,*e 
BoccjiocTb BAOXHOBJwuia ero. Offb 6hun> HeHCxon^Hirb. 

— EoAHJib,— KpHqajii om» KeHCOHy, — He OTKpbiBafiTe pox* 
Tan mspoEo, Kor^a rjioxaexe. 

— Oi^ero?— HaHBBO cnpamHBajrb Torb. 



KOHEITB CTAPHHW. 233 

— Bh ce6$ kohihki yxa OTKycHTe, npiaTejrb. 
3aMiTHBi> 7 hto oAHa H3T) npiiassHX'b tiapuirieHb nojpHBajia 

ce64 bo^m vb bhho, owb BOCKjranajn>: 

— BapuniHH, rptab TaKyio xopomyio Benjb nopTHTb. 

H npH 9T0MT) OH* H0CT04HH0 yB$pjUTb, 1TO JMHpaeTB OTb 

xaasAU- 

— ^ojiacHo 6uTb, HbiHHe Heypoaaft, hto-to BHHa He bhaho. 
Hjih: 

— H oinero bto mo# CTagaHB Bcer.ua nycrb? y MeM CKopo 
Bee BHyipa BbicoxHeTb. IIpaBAy roBopaTi: He hhtb ao Ana, He 
BHj^aTL Ao6pa. 

A KorAa eMy HOHBajiB CTanaffb ao KpaeBi, owb roBopnjrb 
HajiHBaBmeMy: 

— ByAerb, CyA^rb, Cojcbme He Jieitre. fl b*ab, noaajiyt, 

BCe BUHbK). 

$paHcya3a, crapa* cjiystaHKa Mioaejieft, 6bijna epiHCTBeHHoft 
npeAdaBHTejibHHiteft ceHbH TepMeiTu. KoHeiHo, OHa He xjiono- 
Tajna6u ycepAHie, ecjinfoBbiAaBajia aaiiyarcb cotfcTBOHHyioAOHB. OHa 
BaB$AHBajia nopHAKomb npasAHecTBa. Eh xejrraa BecHymaian 
Kosa Cjiecriuia, Karcb BBnnmeHHHft Ta3i>, a KpHHKOBaraft hoc* 
h noAtiopoAOKb a^ji^h ee noxoseft Ha Ao6pyio crapyio Bojuneti- 
BHuy. OHa 6ujia vb oaho h to ace BpeMa Bciojiy, Kpaqajia, ceo- 
pHjiacb, ito y Hen Bcer.ua cjyjKHJio Bbipa&emeirb npeKpacHaro 
HadpoeHiii. H cpe^n bc$xb sthxb xjionort OHa HaxoAHJa eme 
BpeMA BdaBjiHTb cboh B^HHbiH HCTopie. 0h4 jihjihcb HenpepuB- 
Buwb hotokomi, CMiunqpancb cb BoapacraiontHirb ryjiOMB roJio- 
com>. Bo bck) acH8HB OHa He pascicasuBaja ctojibko, a Borb 
CBBA^Tejib, hto OHa iaKH nopascKasajia He iia^o nciopifl. 
DenBe npocnjrb y Hea xjriria. 

— BojiBmofi KycoKB? cb KpaioniKy caBoapa? 

— A 9to wo sa Kpaiomiea caBonpa? 

— Bu He sHaeie? Ha hoctohjuxb ^BopaxB BcerAa Aworb 
KpaioniKy, q-rofo sasycHTb BOABy. OAHaambi Kb irapoBOMy cyA&6 
bb KopAOHi rrpHinjiH ipn caBonpa Cb HaHoft, coAepsaxejibHH- 
n;efi HOCTOHjiaro ABopa y iioera. CaBonpu roBopjrn>: rocnoAHHb, 

Jfbl SafflJIH £1 BTOfi SeHH(HH£ — BBIHHTB piOMO^Ky H CHpOCHJUL ee, 

BAerb jih bb totb »e crarb KpaiomKa. OHa CKasaoia Ham>: Aa- 
A Tenepb OHa TpeSyerb 8a KparomKy oTAiuibHoft umtu. — JIp 
eme 6h, rocnoAHETb cyAbii, Boapasnjia HaHa, ohh He6ocb He ro- 
BopflrB Baart, mxo hoab bhaomi KpaiomKB ohh cb^jih y MeHH 
xjt66b bb 20 $yHTOBB. 

— Hy, BirB, kojih TaKB, Tor^a AaBafiTe o6uKHOBeHHyfo 
Epaionncy. 

Bb APyroft pasB MapKonsrb OTKasuBajiCH on KaKoro-TO 
KymaHBfl, h $paHcyasa roBopnjia eMy: 



234 pyccEOE BOrAiCTBO. 

— Bepne, a on HHdaro cepjpja npejparaio, Kara 3oh& 
CBAn^eHHHKj vb Mamapaai. 

— ?to eme sa 3oHa? 

— 7 niajra 6ujio ctojbko cjran, wo wise ckothh* oh* 
HajioiuiH. Oea h nocaajia cboio 3ohj oraecTH KopsHHxy cba- 
meHHHKy. CBflmeHHEK* h3t> b4jejihbocth OTicasBraajcji. Tors* 
jlftBOiita h roBopHTt eiiy: Bepnie, rocnoflffFB Kiope, HamH cbhhbk 
y«b Gojibine He Iwrrv 

— Kora xasb, h h He xosy Bamero KymaHBa. 

— Ecjih bm He BOSBMeTe, a pascepacycb. S ct> Ban (fojiBme 
He roBopio. 

— Hy, tto6u <zb BaMH He ccophtbch, h roTOB* xotb eme 

CTOJBBO Se CV&CTB. 



XXIX. 

Ilocjii Tpera ^acoBi HenpepwBHoft pa6oin tojoocthmh, BHep- 
ria nHpoBaBmHX'L ciajia h&ckojtbko ocaaCiBaTB; noiyBCTBOBaB'B 
3T0 1 Be38a60THHft BCKpHqajn>: 

— Bhho Tpe6yen» irtceH'B, kto csazerb cboio CHawia? 
Bci eAHHO^ynrao o6t>hbhjih, tto HaiaTB AOJusesTB bhhobhhkb 

TopacecTBa. Mapm>, Kara bc& SHajra, niiB xoporao h snajrb 
MHoro iriceffB. Ohi ho sacTaBiurB npocnTB ce6fl, BCTajrb h bh- 
npaMHJca bo BecB CBoft Morynift pocrt, ito6h pacnpaBHTB xo- 
pomeHBKO rpyAB. 

— EaKyio se ciAtl? — cnpocH jtl oht>. TepMerra npHBJieKJia 
ero kb ceOi h thxohbko nonpocHJia ch^tb cCojiobbh bt> jrtcy>. 

Oht> cetaac* se HaiajrB cbohitb sByramrB rojiocoarB, koto- 

PHITB Biaff&TB 6e3T> HCKyCCTBa, HO CB HpHpOAHUVB BKyCOKB: 

CoJIOBefl TBI MOfl bt» jrfecy, 
51 noKJioHi* Te6"fe Hecy. 
51 npHraejii, Te6n npocHTb, 
HtoCt* th dajit iieHH yhhtb; 
HayHHJii. 6h pacrri&Ba*n», 
HtoOt. 3a3Ho6y 3a6aBJWTJb, 
HayiHJTB 6u tobophtb 
TaKi», hto6t» MHJioft yro^HTb... 

Mothbt> dToft niceHKH, OAHOft H3T» Jiynnrax-B HapoAHHX'B 
niceETL, no CBoeflCesHCCKycTBeHHOCTH, HanoMHHaerB vfcftcTBHreJBHO 
nime cojiobbh. IIpocTO h BipHO Bupasaero ohb fffcxHyro jno- 
6obb. Kto Koraa HHCyAB jhoGhjii, ho MO&erB carymaTB ee (Sera 

BOJffieHBg* 

Ckojibro BOcnoMHHaHifi npo6ysAaora aia rfjcna b*b cepjuji 
TepxeTTu! OHa nepeHocHJia ee k* to6 ysacHoft hoto, Koraa OHa, 
po^KaJi, HenpHBURmaa kt> ^epeBHt, 6buia iaK^ cTpamHO Hany- 



KOHBIVL CTAPHHH. 235 

raHa TIojiohoh'l; axa nicna, npopuBaa OKpyacaBmifl ee MpaRi, 
npmecjia eft Hajeamy Ha cnacem>e... BiflHoe, nopaxeraoe yaca- 
coitb cepwel KaKofi-TO BHyrpeHHift rojiocx roBopiunb efl: jho6h 

erO, H BCi TBOH CTpa^aHKa KOHHftTCa. 

H caean, cjiaARia oiesM cnacTBa, Ha64raaH eft Ha raasa. 
CoJiOBeft OTBtaaen: 

Haao MHJiyio jnoChxb, 

HaflO MHJIOfi B^pHHM'B 6llTB. 

II^chh n-fext eft BBeHepy, 
IIo9jiHeft hohbk), noyTpy; 
ToBopHTB efl: xchshb moh, 

IIpOXCHBeill> MM, B^KT> JIK)6fl/ 

TepMerrfe RasaaocB, hto nicra 3Ta caoxeHa HMeHHO npo 
hhx*b. OHa HanoKHHaira eft hxi CBH&aHBa no BeiepavB y orm, 
CBHaama, cJnysHBmia eft ewracTBeHHrnrB yrfraeHLeMT> bi Taace- 
ane ahh. Myaci» ea flaBHO yxe nepeciaai n4xB, a OHa Bee enje 
CHAiuia, norpyseHHaa b*b saayiraHBocTB. 

Caiflya npmApy MapRa, hhkto He oiRasuBaaca ccRasaxB 
cbok) nicHio»,no BupaxeHiio EesaaSoxHaro. ORasaaocB, *rro ayn- 
mia irtcHH jeeoCbh 3HanH cxapHKH, h spoxanjie, noxyxmie rojioca 
nepeftaBasH HaH6ojr!e npocTua, HCRpeHHia qyBCTBa. 

y OAHOrO H3t HHX* $OpMa rOJIOBH H6BOJIBHO BosSyamaaa 

MHCJib, tto, cosxaBaa ee, TBopem> flyifajTB o reoMerpHnecROft $h- 
rypfc, HaaHBaeMOft poM6oin>. Pot* nepedKaarB ee no aiaroHaaH, 
TaK*L ito, Kor^a oht> OTRpmaaca, RasaaocB, too pasflBeraioTca 
ABa paBHo6expeHHuxi xpeyroJiBHHKa. MoacHo 6nao noayiiaTB, 
hto H3*b xaKoro oxBepcTia pasAacTca rpoMa^Huft BHymMeaB- 
Huft roaoci, ho, oRasaaocB, ^to y Hero coxpamuiocB jihoib 
CJia6oe nofloCie rojioca; tojibro 6aHJKaftmie coc&kh, HaooHHB- 
mHCB ni> HeMy, mooh pascJoomaTB: 

Bi> nepKOBB Hnext MOJiojxasi, 

Bt> 3eMjiio rjiada oqycxHBnin; 

CKpnnaHi* eft Ha cKpnnK^ Hrpaexi.: 

IXb'Sthk'b Ham-b acHMft, npocTH! 

#pyroft nponlurB nicHio o toitb, saRi BaioCaeHHHfi otb4- 
Haexi) Ha ynpeRH cBoeft B03jrio6jieHHOft: 

Kor^a He cxaHex-B pu6i> bt> MopflX2>, 
Korfla BecHoft UB-fcxoB-B He 6y^ex-B, 
H xji^t* He Btipocxext bi> nojiaxt, 
Toraa XBoft jipyn* xeOa 3a6ynexTb. 

JIameHajiB HSflaBHa caaBHaca cbohmx niHieM*. PascRasuBajiH 
Aaace, qTO oh*b caMi» cohhhhjii HiKOxopua nicHH Ha uicTRua 
co6uxia, h nicHH 9th nojiBsoBajJHCB 6ojn»mHMi» ycnixoMi b*b Ka- 
jiaHApi h ORpecTHuxi AepeBHAX'B. HejrB3fl 6bijio He yAHBJiaTBca, 
cl KaKHMT) ^yBCTBOMi yn'lji'B OHi nepe^aBaxB MeJiaHXOJiHHecRift 
xapaRTepi ^epeBeHCKoft ajierin, HaiHHaBmeftcji TaRx: 



236 PyCCKOB EOrATCTBO. 

TSLWb BHCOKO Ha TOp* 

Hefl-TO rojiocb cjiutny a. 
3to njiaien> moh pa^ocTt, 
Cepime kt> Heft BJienerB mchh. 
OTHero tu bch b-b cjieaax'b? 
Bi> leM-B, cKa>KE, nenajit tboh? 

AXT>, B^AB 8TO CJ163U C^aCTBH, 
JIB6TCH BT> HHXT> JIK)60BI> MOfl. 

TpyRHO 6hjio noBipnxB, ito exn jiioah, <vb 3arpy6fciHMH ote 
BenpepuBHofl pa6<mt pyRaMH, ct> saroptjiuMH jnmaira, juoah, 
y KOTopuxi) TepMena He saMiiajia ra^ero, KpoMi cypoBOCTH h 
rpy6ocTH, Roxopsre nocxoaHHO ocRopftttMH en aeraKaxnocxL, 
cosflajm 3iy MeHTaTejiLHyio h rpycrayio MeaoaiK), xaRyio npocxyio 
h TaKyio Hi;KHyio. A Mea^y rfMt, 0Ha HecoiraiHHO Btimjia H3t» 
hxt> cpe^u, ohh noHHMajia ee; cjiymaa ee, ohh CHOBa mojkw&jih. 
9th rpyfiae, aceciRie jik>ah sHajin, mo xaRoe juoSobl, oxpHBaro- 
maa Ha BpeMH ox* yHH3HiejiBHaro DroHaiia MejroHHHXi sa6orb. 
^aate bt> axy MHHyxy ohh bc& 6hjih pacxporaHH. Bxotb HCRpeH- 

Hift TOHT>, 3T0H> BCiMt HOHATHUft H3MRT> CipaCTH HpOHHRaJTB 

hx* ao iuiyGflHH AyniH, sacxaBJiaji'B ipenexaxt xairt oxBixHHa 

CTpyHK. 

MojiOAue jhoah H3t CeftsepBe, OTKasaBmieca on flepeBHH h 
He AorHaBmie emfi% He cMoxpa Ha Bee dapaHBe, ropoffb, ne co- 
xpaHHJiH Bt CBoefl aymi AepeBeHCRoft HexpoHyxoft cBiaecxn; 
hxt> yAHBJi^Jio, Kara, nocjii myimaro h Becejiaro nnpa, rocxa 
Morjin ao CJiesi yBJieRaxbca naHBHNHH cxapHHHUMH h^chhich: 

nOJKHRHMl, BUHHT06 BHHO HtCROJILRO CHOCOCCTBOBaJIO BIOMy 

yBJieieHBK), ho BcexaRH 6hjio ohobhaho, hto bco cynjeciBO Kpe- 

CXBHHHHa OXKJIHKajIOCE Ha dXH npOCXHe SByRH. 

IleflcceHarL samara, ^to, no ero MfffcHiio, coiohl noxtnmo 
3a6aBJiHTbCfl xaRHMH HrpymKaMH>, npiaxejra ero coiyBcxBeHHO 

CMtflJIBCB. 

CxapHKH He 3Ha™ HHKaRHxi Apyrnxi niceffb, Rpoufe 9THxt> 
OTSByKOB'L cxapumj, neperaeAnrax'b Kb hhmi enje orb hxt> ot- 
iiobi; TOJibKo hxi ohh noHHManH h jik)6hjih. Be38a6oTHtift, Mapra 
h enje h^ckojibro HejiOB^Ri no3HaKOMHJiHCB bo Bpeica cbohxi> 
cxpaHCXBift cb naxpioxH^ecKHMH nicH^MH ,He6po h Separate. 
iCiapufi cep^aHTi>> aobcjix ao cjiosi M3pa, cxaparo HanoJieo- 
HOBCRaro RannxaHa; oht» cxBaTHJii> ce6a oO^hhh pyKaMH sa ro- 
jiOBy, RaRi 6y«xo OHa ceft^acB rposajia JionHyxt. H4crojibro 
pasi oht> cam> ce6n npepuBajrB, hxo6bi yBipnxB cjiymaxeoieft, 
tto Bee bt> axoft ntcHi hcxrhhslh npaB^a. 

Bocbie, Hnmie, He bhcmjih ytcajiKuwh CTpaxaMT>, 
Bcfe Kl> CJiaB^ UIJIH ohh noGijiHOio CTonofll 

— JIfi, Aa, HiceHHO TaicB h 6hjio. Bochkom'l, roJiOAHue, a 
BcexaRH Bnepe#b, Bee Bnepesx. Bon xani! 



ROHEIJB CTAPHHU. 237 

H ohb rfuiajTB pyKofi &ecn>, RaKB 6yATO ohb pasifaxHBaaB 
ca6jieft bo wiaBi oxpaAa. IIotomb ohb AOCTaBauB hmtorb, CMop~ 
Kaoicfl h BUTHpajrb rjiasa. 

Tepxerra xaRxe BuyraiacB bb Moe& nfarB h^crojilbo po- 
MaHCOBT) h tocto Haniwaja hxb bb MaciepcKoft y totrh. fo- 
jiocb y Hefl 6hjib cjia6fiift 9 h npn TaROMB MHorojHOAHOMB o6me- 
ctb% ona eABa piniHJiacL OTBpfiiTB potb. Ho MapRB noAAepscajTL 
ee h cb cbohmb o6hhhumi> AoCpoAynrieKB nepBufi a^J^ CHraajiB 
kb myHHHMB OAoCpemaMB, RorAa oea nponiia niceHRy, hobto- 
paBinyfocfl TOr^a no Bceft $paHitfH: 

Bi> rjia3a moh BJiioCjieHHue 
Bm^ABCB, Moa Kpaca! 

Tfcl BC5I Bt HHXt: OHH CHHifl 

H HepHaa Koca. 

KaxaHApmi, KaRB hh 6luih ohh pasropaieHH bhhomb h yBJie- 
neHH BecejiBOMB, saMiraajiH to npe3pHiejiBHoe yAHBjieHie, cb RaRHMB 
aiymaJiH Bee aro MOJio^ue jiioah hsb Cefi3ipBe. Hxb HanaJSH bb 
cboh) o^epeAB yroBapHBart cniTB hto HH67AB 'Jhh cb o6maro 
corjiacia Bu6pajiH IleficceHaTa npeACiaBHteJieMB hxb HCKyccTBa. 
Ohb-to yjRB 8HaJTB fffccHH, a& enje Raids! Ohh yjiH6ajiHCb, ro* 
Bopa 3to, npeA^yBCTBya sapaHie ycnixB CBoero TOBapnma. 

MoJIOAOft HHHOBHHRB BCTaJIB CB CaM07B'bp6HHHMB BHAOHB 

leaoBtaa, npHBUKmaro, ito6n ero cayman. 

— Ito HH67AB no8a6opHcrle! Mm hmb noRa^eMB,— CRasaJiB 
owb Bnojirojioca cbohmb coc4a*mb. 

— EcLtotuapz, — o6bhbmb owl h HaraiB nfa&: 
Y'en a qui lich'nt h s'faire crever Tballon... 

Ohb CTapanca noApaxaTB rfcMB TpeTBecieneH&HMB niBijairB, 
kotopuxb ohb cooiniajiB bb Ra<|)e-maHTaHaxB caMaro nocjrfcAraro 
copia, rffk myTOBCTBO, paaaaraiomee bcaroo nciHHHoe nyBCTBO, 
cbhjio ce64 npcraoe ra&SAO. Bb cthxb tgmhnxb saRoyjiRaxB 
cxapoft ijHBHJiHsaiUH, Tfjk jrhbhb yjRe saraoxjia, ijapHTB stotb 
BAioTCRift ck&xb, GessyCoe ocirbHBaHBe bcIxb HyBCTBB, ocBinja- 
ioii];hxb shshb, CRBepHaa napoAia, HHiaromaacH Ha cnerB OCTaT- 
robb noasiH h HCRpeHHOCTH bb Aynii HapoAa. Oho onycTomHJio 
Aymy IleficceHaTa, KaRB topbhrb onycTomaerB opixB; oho co- 
8Aajio hsb Hero nejiOBfcKa 6esjiHHHaro, 6eanoJie3Haro, MepTBaro, 
KaRB rHHJiaa b$tbb, He A&ion^aa same orna. A ohb, ropAflCB 
cbohmb HeroaciLeMB, RaKB OTjiH^ieiiB, Koropoe CTaBHJio ero Bume 
odajiLHuxB jiioAefi, CTapajica KaKB hoxho 6oJiLme BHRasuBaTB 
ero: ohb nLmuicfl, KaKB 67ATO bb stohb HMeHHo h safuifo^a- 
jiocb ero saBHAHoe HCKyccTBO, toiho bochpohsboahtb njiocKia 
BhipajKeHia, nomjuuH ciiOBeiRH, flpeCe&jRamift sByio, rojroca, bm- 
xoA^n^aro hsi, nponHTaHHOft ajuKorojieMB rpyAH, ABycMHCJieHHKe 
JKecTN, BecB itHHHSMB 0Tpe6B0BB HeJSOB^ecRaro pOAa, cjiyaca- 



238 PyCCROB BOrATCTBO. 

mpxb jkhbuitl oTpm^aHieirB Bcixi> B03BHineHHHxi> cropoffL Ayms 
TOTOBifta* 

H A^ficTBHiejiLHO, ero ApysBa H8B Ceftsepbe saBHAOBajm eicy. 
3apaaa TpoHyaa yace h hxb; MHOria CTopoHH Ayira, sAopoBua 
h «n8H6HHua y acHiejieft RajiaHApa, Haiajm noHOMHOiy sacH- 

XaTB BB HHXB. OhH HOffiepKHBaJIH CBOHMB CXixOMB HOIHJIOCTH, 
npOH8HOCHJGUfl HXB HpH8HaHHHlTB BOXaKOMB H ci OAymeBaeHieirb 

jQOBTopaiiH xopoin, npHniBi: 

' <I>paHny3T>, Tpy<5aaypi> h RapMaHHHfci>, 
Bott> BaMt rocnoAHHi> Bajioraap-bl 

RpecTB£H6 pascMaTpHBajra 3thxt> o6HTax6Jieft CeftsepLe CB 
TaKHMi> BNpaaemeifB, cb KaKHMB, Bipoarao, acnrejiH TaHTH 
CMOipijiH, xaKi Ha hxb octpobb BHcaxHBaancB nepBbie eBpo- 
neflCKie itaTpocu. Ohh 6hjhh nopasemi. 

— E yarc> h He SHaio, hto Tenepb sa noaoAexB nonuia, He 
noflMy a hxi, — ocasaoB JlameHajiB, Bupaacaa o6njee Bneqaurfcrne. 

— Botb-to jsj6ebu\— meirayjn> IleftcceHarL cbohjtl TOBapi- 
maM-B.— Hy, nonpoCyemb enje: Uymeiaecmeie Temapa na napo- 
xodtb, KOiraqecKaa cijeHa, pascKaaaHHaa r. JleBaccopoxB bb to- 
arpi Ilaaie-Poajib, npenoTinraaamTyHKa!— oCbhbhjib ohi rpoMKO. 

H, oGpamaacb kb cbohkb Apy3ba*n>, npuGaBHjrb rame: 
cEcjih h aro hxb He npoflMert, a orb hhxb oiKasHBaiocB* . 

Texapa nocrarjia Ta-se ynacib, mkb h Eaaomapa. Ecjth hoab 
chobomb cnpoftiieTB* orb noApaayirfeBanB, «rro OHa hxi omeao- 
mhtb, to ohb He omnCca, ho ecoiH ohb pasciHTueaaB hxi mrb- 
HHTb, to noTepuiurb ncJaffifimee pasowpoBaHie. Ohh Bee cyporibe 
h cypoBie noraaAHBaaH Ha iriiBija, TaKB KaKB HaH&nH noAOspi- 

BaTb, HTO OHB CM^eTCH HdftB HHMH. A Kaffb TOJUBKO BB HHX* 

npoGysAajocB HexoBipie, ohh HeMeAaeHHO yxoAHjm bb cbobo 
CKopjiyny. HeciacTHuft TeiapB, oht> 6bun>, npaBO, He TaKB yatB 
raynBl Ohi> ^erupe pasa hoab phab noBTopaerb, mo6u act xo- 
pomeHBKO pa8CJDimajDH, Brora HyAHUft npHK&B'b: 

H^M1> M03KHO 60Jr£e npeJIBCTHTbCfl, 

Ha napoxoA^ npoKaTHTbca!.. 
Ob KaKOft pa8BH3H0CTbH) OHHCUBaeTB 0HB BCTpi?HHXB, KaKiH 

H3UCKaHHNH BtipaxeHia, saKoft o6pa8Hbifi hshkb, KaKifl 6jiaropoA- 
hhh nyBCTBa! Ho KajiaHApmu, Kasajioct, oCpocjiH 6yftB0Ji0BUMH 
mKypaHH: Bet bth mhjiuh myiKH, otb KOTopux-b cb yna cxoahjv 

HXB rOCTH, CK0JIB8HJIH HO HHM*b, He 3a^Baa. 

IleftcceHaTB pascepAHJicn. Apy 8Ba er °. Ha KoxopuxB noA^ft- 
CTBOBajia o6maa xojioahoctb, CJiabo noAA^psHBajra ero. 

— Hy, 8a4cb, KaseTca, nopoxy He BHAyMaioxB, — CKaaajrb 

Offb CBOHHB COtflAHKB. — ^OJISHO 6bITb, OHH BCt SA^CB KpeTHHU? 

TaKB-TaKH HH^ero h He HOHHHaiOTBl ^ero hmb HyxHO? — Ohb 



KOflEI^B CTAPHHH. 239 

c^fejaajTL hocjl$ahiok) nonuTKy— cniurb enje Tumu na QtceAtb3nou 
dopovb. BosCysAeHHufl HeroAOBameMi Ha rjiynocTL cjiymaiejieft, 
oht> hIutb c% jBxmemewb: 

Hy, KapeTa, boti> yiiopa! 
KoHerapx 3a KOHflyxitfpa, 
'BfleT'B, numerb, na cbhcthtb, 
BnepeaH Tpy(5a tophhtb, 
Hto TaMi, jioraanH? 3a6aBa. 
IlaxHerB Tyrb He JiomaatMH: 
KjianaHi, cji-BBa, KjianaHi> cnpaBal 
Bon> TaKi> mTyKal HopTi, bosbmh! 
Ha KacTpDJi^ npoKaTHTbCH, 
Bi> newfe -BxaTb He CBapHTtcfl, 
Hto 3a pocKomB,— iopn> bobbmh! 

JKaob, hto ciaparo Mioses He 6hjio Ha CBa^B6i. Owb Chjtb 
<Sh oxoioi^eH'B. ^sa noKOJitaLj, BCKopiueHHHa oahoA seicjieft, 
joBopmra Ha pasHuxi) xsHsaxi; iiexAy hhmh Bcxajii ropoAi, 
dTon HeHaBHCTHHft eMy ropoA*, h ohh nepeciajiH noHHMaib 
Apyrt Apyra. KaaaHApcKie ciapHKH ho noHHKajiH myroKt cbohxi 
rociefi, xojioAHe jhoah hs* CefisepBe, cCrasHBinieca ct> APF * 
cpeAoft BCJi^ACTBie exeAHeBHuxi CHoraeHifl cl ropoAOMi, npo- 
HHTaHmie ero jiyxoMt, KOTopuft saHOCHJUi Kb hhmi npnauiHe 
paConie, He noHHMajrn Cojiie npocTOAymia KajiaHApcKHxi cia- 

pHKOBt, dAsULECb E&Kb HHMH. 3TH Jtjbm AGpeBHH, BOCHHTaHHHe 

bi> jiyxi HOBaro BpexeHH, jcasajmcB lyxnifH cpejp HacToanpixb 
KpecTLAHi. 5Cejzi3Eaa Aopora oCoraiHJua hxt>, ho 8a dTO 6orax- 
ctbo ohh sanjiaTHJiH n;taoft CBoefl Ay™ 1 - cYbjutb JEynmlft ab$tt> 
ETb AyinH» 9 CKasasH 6u ofo hhxi bi nicnL 

Mapro 6hjii> nopaxeHi bthm-b KOHTpacTOMi. tHeyxeJiH, ao- 
(Shbhihcb ct> TaKHMi TpyAOM* HiKOTopux'L nepeiftefc bi KaJiaH- 
Api, mh yBHAHKi Bi) csoeft AepeBHi hoaoChhh KappHKaxypu?> 
noAyMajrt oht>. Ho aia mucjib tojibko MasBKHyjia y Hero bi 
rojioBi; ociaHOBHTBca Ha Hefl ohb He mofl, araaucoKb oneBBAHoft 
eMy KasajiacB BuroAa jyui EajiaHApa otb ero HOBOBBeAemft; 
BnpoHeifB, Ha^aBinaacH ccopa cefinacB ate OTBJieRJia ero on 
othxb pasBoimjieHift. 

— 3Haeie,— CKa3ajn> JlanieHajiB, HaddnumBuirb tohomx, Kor^a 
CeftcceHaTB okohhhjtl cpeAH Boi^apHBraaroca HeJiOBKaro MOJria- 
Hia,— Ciraeie bli BipHO noiHine JiomaAH, Hy, a noexe-TO He 
jiyHme ea. 

MHOrie saxoxoTara. MojioaoS uhhobhhri* OKOHHaieJiBHO pas- 
cepAHJica. Ohh yse bjio6ho MipajiH Apyr^ Apyra rjiasaMH, ho 
TyrB KCiaTH BMimajicji Mapni. 

Meipajit, 3aHrpaBi> Ha cnpmiEft Ha Apyrom 6epery py^tfl, 
npHmejrL eny Ha noMon^s. Bci noBCKaKajia cb Hicn. 4,4BymKH, 



240 PyCCKOE BorATCTBO. 

AaBHO cropaBmia jReaaHieiiB xamjOBaiB, yBJieoH cbohxb RaBaae- 
poBB Ha JiyacaftKy. 

y^LHTeJIB HyCXHJTB BB XOAB BC6 CBOe HCKjrCCTBO. Ohb CaiTB 

AHpHSHDOBajiiRSWpHJiBio. Bnepeflt! CRaraieBHme! Oht> npncxyRH- 
Bajrb HoraMH, HOAirkBajiB h bb to ace Bpeiis Hrpajra Ha crphhr4. 
Th, xapa, pa, pa, pa, xapa, pa, pa! Hy, XHBift, He yAapBxe 
bi> rpH8B jihuovbI Tapa, xnpa, xnpa, pa, pa, pa, pal Grand 
rondl IIo ir&CTaMB! Tapa, pa, pa, pa, pa. IJiuiyftie BanraxB 
AaMB! H noKa ohh hchojih&jih Bee axo, ohb buboahjib xaROft 

AHKift 8ByRB Ha CRpHHKt, HTO BC& CO ClrfiXOMB HaGpaCHBaJIHCB 

Ha Hero. 

Ohb cHOBa Ha<nraajrB, e noA&ixue rBOSAaun canorH 6eso- 
CTaHOB<mo cxynam no JiyaaftRi; curiamo 6imo ctfoxptxB, RaRB 
Gucxpo acqeaajia xpaBa hoab noraiiH. 

— Hiraqe eochtb He Ha^o CyAexB,— 8aif4xHJiB rxo-io. 

— HoctaxB 6h xenepB, — npH6aBHjrc> Apyroft,— ohh CJiaBHO 
Bcnamyrb. — Kor.ua cxeMffkno, nonpo6osaJiH xamjOBaxB cb $OHa- 
Pjjmh. Ho nonwTKa OKasajiacB HeyxaHHofi, h bc4 cnoBa ycimcB 

3a CXOJIH. KpOMi MflOrOHHCJieHHMX*L OCXaiROBB OTB oCfyja, na- 

mejicfl eme itfuraft 6apaHB, Haporao npHnpaxaHHHft $paHcyasoft 
Kb ysHHy; ho 6o?Ra Ctuia nycxa; npHCJioHHBmHCb rb Heft, ch- 
fffcjii EessafioxHuft, Raacexcfl, oROOTaxeaBHO ramHBmifica aapa 
pjiOBa, h, cb ropAOCTBK) noTJiMNUBM Ha bc^xb, cxynajn no neft 
najiBi^eirb, hto6h noRasaxB, hto oHa coBepmeHHo onycxomeHa. 
MapRB BejriurB npHHecxH H3B norpeCa eme ConeHORB Biraa, bh- 
AepacaHHaro xaMB mib jAxb. 

— Djitb jrfen>! — BCRpHiajra BessaGoxHHft, npioCpixaa HeveA- 
jieHHO cnocoCflocxL pirn — Hy, Ror^a xaRB, h bo mh* Haft- 
Aexca ffisi Hero nycxoe M$cxe?RoI 

Bci cb HOBOft BHeprieft hphhhjihcb $ctb, hhxb h nixB. Mo- 
jroxue HesairixHO yAaMJiHCB. Orojio noJiyHOHH rfc hsb rocxeft, 
KOTopue AopsajracB eme Ha HoraxB, nomjiH pasucRHBaxB hxb, 
HxoCii noAHecxH hmb, no o6uqafO, Tenjiaro BHHa cb noA*apeHHHMH 
cyxap^MH. Cb axoft MmyxH ncxopia cBaAefiHaro nepmecxBa 
xaKBace xeMHa, RaRB hp?b, hoa*& noRpoBOMB Roxopoft oho sa- 
RaHHHBanocB. Htacoxopue H3B rocxeft CMyxHO npnnoMHHajiH, hto 
bb RaROMB-xo A<>ir&, xosfleBa Roxoparo, aojixho 6BIXB, BCXaJIH CB 
jrtBofi Horn, hxb BCxpixHJin nojioBHMH n^exRaMH, ho rub axo 

ChlJIO— HHKTO He MOrB CRasaXB CB yBtpeHHOCXBH); BB RaROMB-XO 

ApyroHB AOMi, nepenyrasHMa myMOMB a^xh uoah^jih njiarn* h, 
ixo6u ycnoRoexB hxb, hub coBajin bb poxb xjiWb, pasMoieHHpft 
bt> bhh4; ohh tiiH, h hxb CJiesM na^anH bb Be^po cb bhhomb; 
hotomb saxoAHJiH enje bb RaRie-xo AOMa, h xaMB xaR»e npoHexo- 
AHjih pasHNfl HeAopa8yiri*Hi&; 6hjih h acecTOKia ccopu, kto-to 

KJLKJICH KOMy-TO BB B^HHOft HOHaBHCXH, HO HOpOSB HOJIHaca BCO 

axo 6mjio 3a6HTO. 



KOHBIVL CTAPBHW. 241 

KaKHMB TO 06pa80MT>, BB ROHK'6-ROHIIOB'B EIpOBHAiHie HpH- 

bojio hxb chobs Ha gBopB Mioseaeft. Ohh ohotb hphh£jthcb sa 
fyiy. Bflpyro Be83a6oTHufi paspasHJica rpoMEHMH pmaHijrMtr, sa 

BHITB npHHflJIHCL pHflaiB H OCTaJIBHHe. KtO-TO CnpOCHJTL, TOO 

ero Tasi oropmio. 

— HHRorAa Hanra xfcra He 6y^yrB hhtb Taxoro BHHa,— otb4- 

THJTb OHB CKBOSB CJI68U. 

Tor.ua 6hjio pfaneHO, too ohi GooieHB, h ero yjioauuni bb 
6ojn>ffloft cjujsjKb Mrosejieft. HosAH&e hhkto He mofb npuio- 
mhhtb, no^eiiy 6hjio Bu6paH0 TaRoe cxpaHHoe joxe. HecoimiHHO 

T0JIBR0, TOO OHO BHyiDHJIO 8aBHCTL MOJIOflOMy HeftCCeHaTy: OHI 

BepHyjica RpagyrocB, BHTanpurB orryaa ipoxoro, saiojucajiB ero 
sa cyHjyRB, a cam, yaerca Ha ero iricTO. Bcero yflHBmejiBH'ie 
to, too Ha apyroft jem, Rorja hxb pasCyflauni, bb cjBjsjKb 
CHOBa xexajB BeaaaCoTHHfl, a fleftcceHan, Chjtl sa cyHjyROMB. 
KaET> npoH8onuio 3to HocniAnee nepeirSmeme?... 9to npoHcme- 
cxBie, kbjcl h MHorla jpyria, oct&hocb HaBcerja HepasBacHeH- 

HHMB. 



XXX. 

ryppoAHxa ysHajia, HaROHeip>, bcio cjuuoctb ocymecTBrnmefica 
Me^TH: oHa Bocnojo>8yeTc^-TaKH bc£mb cocToameMB, HaRomieH- 
hhmb cTapmcb MiosejiewB; hh o tomb (kurle He npocaiia OHa Bora; 
ona fauia CHacTJDiBa h crapajiacB, HacRonso XBaiaio chjtl, ycTpo- 
htb CBoeny orzty npisTHyio jrhshb. 

Ho efl He xBaxajio Toro, ?ero nacxo HejocTaeiB caBoon job- 
rhmb AHHJioMaTairb — ecTecTBeHHOCTH. Bb ea npeAynpeftHTejiBHO- 

CTH CKa8HBanaCL HCKyCCTBeHHOCTB, ROTopyio crapHKi OTJIHTOO 

saMfoajOB; CHanaxa axo #ase HpaBonocB eMy, Bam» BupaseHie 
JiecTHoft XM ero caMOjnoCia yroAUHBocni, ho Majio-no-Many ero 
Ha^ajno CTicHflT* h yTOMJura ero. jl/boiafl eMy too raCyAB, OHa 
He ynycKaaa arynaa abtb nonara, too dio HCRJOOHraejiBHO am 
Hero. Koraa ona bb BocicpeceHBe pisana Kypimy, OHa nomsoBa- 
JiacB cjiynaeMB sauiTHTB: 

— Axb, 6aTK)mKa, Rara mh cram cjiaffso 4ctb npn sacB, 
paHBme mh ho TaRB ism. Hy, sa yaRB bh, mosho CRasaTB, sa- 
cjiyaauiH, too6h sa Bam noyxauBaxn! 

PasApaseHHHft ciapHRB Bopnajni: 

— He jdo&uo a, hto6b o CBoeirb Cpioxi raKx saCoxHJiHCL. 
KaseTCA, h tn raHeniB sa npyinMH. TaRB-to iraoro He HaRO- 

HHHIB. 

Om> HSM'lHHJi'b cbohmb cxapmTB npHBirncairb, h eMy 6hjo 

OHOHB TpygHO npHM^HSTBCH KX HyORHMl. OffB TOHepB H09TH He 

pa6oiajn>, a BiaHa tojibro h A'bJiajia, too noflXBanHBajia ero. 

M 8. Oixtn I.Z 16 



242 PYCCKOE BOrATCTOO. 

— Bh to y»* no Bcefl cnpaBej^HBOcra 3apa6oiajiH ce6i 
npaBO OTAOXHyifc,— roBopiuia 0Ha, bhah, tto oh* rareero He a&- 
jaeT*. 

A KorAa oh* Cpaacn sa pa6ory, OHa BOCRumjajia: 

— Kanoft bh MOJiojeipb, bh Hac* bc£x* sa none* saTRnere: 
utrae ahh paCoiaere, totoo ifoaoAoft. 

Ohbhb CKopo oh* ciaji* CKyqai*. Oicpysaiomee ne mowio 
pasBJieiB ero. Majiem>Kift 3£aH*-Mapn 6oaJnca hoaxoahtb r* 
A*Ay c* rfcx* nop*, KaKb para nonpocsji* ero pascKasaTB 
cKaaoiKy, a MaTB cxBaraoia ero h npH&uia, roBopa, tto OHa 
nnKorja He BHAaJia TaRHX* raynux* A*reft. J^iosoHa crapnR* 
cxaiTB ueHBrne jho6htb b* nocjrlAHee Bpera; ot* Hero oacHAam, 

KSK* OH* 8aM%^aJTB, HTO OH* c^aerB BHyKa CBOHM* HaCJTfeAHH- 

kom*, a 3th HaAeacAii pasApaxaoiH ero. Oh* qyBCTBosaJi* ce6n 

QAHBDKHM* H ufrjim AHH He HpOHSHOCHJTB HH CJIOBa! 

] vppoAHxa 6ujia ytitatAena, tto otoii*, RaR* roBopnTca, Tyro 
rarjH.ib cbok) MomHy. OHa roplura seaaHieM* ysHai* aio noBtp- 
H*e. Eft xorfcaocB 8HaTB, nepeHec*-jra oh* ee hs* CBoero npex- 
irj-ii o AOMa h RyAa npHnpaTaji*. CrapnR* c* t4m* TOHKHirb *y- 
Ti'/M-h, KaKoe BcerAa aBJiaeTca y RpecTMHHHa, pas* a*JK> Ra- 
caeTCJ? ero HMynjecTBa, sairiraajra, qio OHa hoctohhho, bchkhmh 
qkojibhhmh nyMMH, BosBpanjaeTca r* aioMy Bonpocy. 

TorAa eiiy b* nepBuft para npnnnia b* rojiOBy mhcjtb, too 
npHBHaaHHOCTH, HAymi* ot* cepAAa, yMHpaiOTB jihhib Birtcrt ct> 
cf juuearb, a OTHoraeHia, BusBaHHun pascieTOM*, nopiraaiOTCJi, ecjra 
paacwrb He onpaBAaeTC*. Ob dToro ahh ero nacTO nocinjaji* 
iiyx-i> cTaparo EopoAa^a,— oh* jkhji* b* KOMHart caMoyCiftijH. 
IlepBtaft pas* co BpeiteHH nepeceaeHia r* Aonepn oh* noAyMaji* 

O TOhTB, HTO OH* HO AOMa, TOO SA^CB OH* HO XOSHHH*. EdH 

Biana pascepAHTca b* ROHeij*, norepniiB* HeyAany b* cbohx* 
noAxoAaxi r* ero cyHAyKy, eiiy, co Bceft ero ropAOCTBio h hw- 

MCHHOCTBK), npHAOTCfl BHHOCHTB efl TH^Bl. 

HuMraeij*, 6hj» eme rjry6oRaa h laflHaa npnuraa ero CTpa- 
AAHifl: yftAH H81 AOMy, oh* HsuiHui TOicy, hto cociaBJiHerB 
BecB amcjTb shshh RpecTBHHHHa, TOMy, oto mosho HasBaTB 
BJiacTBio seiuH. B* CBoeirB aom* omb npoAOJURajre pa6oTy cbo- 
hxii oxitOB* h A^AOBi t oh-b TpyAHJica am CBoeft seMJEH. TenepB 
on* noTepHJi* noHBy hoab HoraMH, oh* hoxoahjtb Ha pacxcme, 
BMpiiaHHoe c* RopHem». HeBHpasHMafl rpycTB HanoJiHHJia ero 
r/?i*AW* npn mmcjih, too oh* yiffper* He TaM*, rxb ao chx* nopi 
vhwj*;ijih bc4 MioaeJiH, h dxa rpycTB noATaHHBana eroBOJiio, ro- 
npjW AO rtx* nop* hhhto He Morjio cjiohhtb. Oh* HsyiuwoiCH, 
un »* ero Jiina, c* ero xapaRTepoin. Mor* oh* coBepnnrrB 
ttnjp6ut)Q 6eayiile. Bc4 hphhhhu, no6yAHBraia ero r* Toicy, — 
ocK/ifiQjieiiHM ropAOCTB, AOcaAa — KasajincB eMy Bee 6ojrfee h 6o- 

Jlt« HlllTOKHUIfH. 



KOHEn,T> CTAPHHH. 243 

Eesi onpen&ieHHOft irfuiH, HOBHHyacB MorynjecTBeHHOMy 

HHCTHHKTy, OHfc CpOAHJTB BORpyTB T&Xfc lACTB, Tfffe HpOTORJia BCH 

ero SH8HB h OTKyxa owb cam* ce6a HsraaJTB. OtfB jnofajTB ie- 
nepB cbok) ycajB6y cb ottIhkomx TpeBOSHoft rpycra, RaRyio 
BCiiHTUBaeirb mh, Rorxa (frnreRift Haifb qeaoBlsKB jieamrB Cojib- 

HOft Ha HJSBBXb pyKaXB. OffB O&LOAHJFB CO BCfefB CTOpOHl CBOH 
BJiaA&HM, OffB, KaKT» UpttKAe, ORHABTBaJTB HXt XOSHJlCKHM'B Mia- 
SOMl. ECJtH B1> BHHOrpaSHHE 1 ! foUTB CJIOtfaKB ROJTB, OWb CO BCfl- 
KHMH npeAOCTOpOSHOCTAHH THXOHBKO B6HBajn> HOBBlfi. ECJIH 

owb HaxoAHJTb ffupy Bt 3a6opi, to, yGIahbiiihcb, wo ero hhrto 

He BHAHTB, OHB TOpOHHJICH HOHHHHTB 66. Bce^a Ha CTOpOSt, 
HT06iI RTO-HH6yffB H6 8aM$THJTb GrO, OHT> HpOXaSKHBaJICfl BSdAl 

h BnepeAi, xairB BupuBaa copHyio rpaBy, Tyn> npHBasuBaa 
OTBflsaBmyiocfl Jiosy, cl peBHHBoft saGoTjniBOCTBK) seMJieAluiBiia, 
yxajRHBaion^aro sa CBoeft semieft, RaKB sa jooChmoU aceHmn- 

HOft. 

ECJIH KTO-HH6yAB npOXOAHJR MHKO BO BpBMfl 3THX1> Taft- 

hijx'b nocfemeHift, ohi tottocb ate npHHHHaji'B paBHOAynmnft 
bbai nejiOBiKa, cjiyiafiHO nonaBmaro ciOAa, h, nocBHCTUBaa, yxo- 
Ahjtb Kyaa-HH6y«B b-b CTopoHy. 

dapBifi Mioses, ct> cepweM'B, oRaMeHiBrnmrB orb ropAOcra, 
sarpy6'iBfflHM'B on hphbhhrh noBejrtBaiB, Majio no MaJiy orraH- 
BajrB h npeBpamaaca b* Apyroro Mioses cb TaRmrB ate hjb- 

CTBHTBJIBHHirB COpjmeM'B, KBJS.% H y SpyrHX*B JIK>A6ft. 

HO HHRTO H6 HOAOSpfeaJTB BTOft HepeiT&HH, TaR*B KaR*B OHB 

roTOBi) 6hjtb yifeperB CKopie, YfearB a&tb ROMy-HH6yAB sairfcTHTB, 
hto oht> pacRaHBaeTCfl bt> cBoeifB nociynirh. CTapufl Mk>36jib 
HHRorxa He HsirfcraerB cbohx-b pimeHifi, — TaKOBO 6hjio ero BcerAam- 
Bee npaBHJio. ^aace EiaHa, npn Bceft CBoefl npoHHijaTejiBHOCTH, Bipnua 
ero HanycKHOMy cnoKoflCTBiio. 

Bt> ABt 8hmh Aopora 6biJia npoBe^eHa, h bc*& 6hjth bb 
BOCToprfc, He HCRjnoiaa h npexHHX'B hpothbhhrob'b ea. IIpc- 
HMymecTBa xopomefi Aoponi ao TaRofi CTeneHH 6hjih b*b rjiaaa, tto 

H6 6BIJIO HHRaROft B03UOJRHOCTH OTpHD,aTB HX1>. OAHHI CTapBlft 

MfoaejTB ctohjii Ha CBoeira; HHor^a coc4ah tobophjih eMy ct> 

JlYRaBfilM'B BHAOMi: 

— ^to, RyMi, Aopory-TO b-6ab BceTaRH npoBeoni. 

— Axi,— OTBiiajix ohb npeHe6pe»HTejiBHHM , B tohoitb, — a*- 
jiafiie, hto xoiHTe, uena bto He Kacaeica. Moe BpeMH nponuio, 
Aa h cairb a cRopo yftAy OTCioAa- 

H A*flCTBHT6JIBH0, BHyTpeHHee TOpe, ROTOpOe OBPB THjaTOJIBHO 

CTapajica noAaBHTB, 6MCTpo dapHJio ero. KasaoiocB, tto MopmnHti 
y Hero Ha Jnra,4 abohjtbcb, xaK'B 6ucTpo yBejiHiHBajiocB hx*b 
ihcjio. Bojiocb y Hero hohth ne ociajiocB, xaK'B tto raaoBa ero 
DpeACTaMajia co6oft rojoift qepeni, oCwHyTHft Roaeft. Bs» 

BtCKOJIBKO M^CJil^eB'B CHJIH COBepmeHHO OCTaBKBH 6 IX). OHB H6 

16* 



244 P7CCK0S BOrATCTBO. 

Mori pa6oTETB 6oJn.me XByr*, Tpexi lacoro bi jLesh. Kyja 
A^BaoiacB ero ropaeraBaa ocaHKa; u6en roro HeBHCOKift poctoirB, 
owb Cb KajcAHiTb n&ewb bco famine h Connie ropCuca. 

— rnerca ciapHft Mioseat, — roBopHjra cocijH, — bt> seiuno 

CMOTpHTB, B^pHO CKOpO y»B J&JPTb Wb H66. 

Mapicb, BCTpiqaacL cr> hhitb Ha ymirt, Bcer^a Raarajca omj 
noTTHiejiBHO, Ran omy ? h cnpanniBan, RaRi ero 8xopoB*e. 

c3j(paBCTByft, 8ffpaBCTByft>, — OTpHBHCTO rOBOpHJTB CTapjHTC^CBO- 

painaa vb CTopoHy. TepMerrfe oh* h coBcfc*n> He OTBiraurB: 
oh* npoxo^HJi'L msmo, He sairfeHaa ea, h jrui, Kara 6ywro ea 
He cymecxBOBajio Ha CBirfc. 

Ho Korxa ohi> BCTptaara rat HH6yx& $paHcyasy, ohi Bcry- 
nan cb Heft bt> TaHHCTBeHflHe neperoBopu. Ciapaa cayxaHKa 
o6osajia CBoero xoajuraa, Roropuft, Kara 6m to hh 6hjeo, Bcerja 
ocraBajica ea Hacroanpura xosahhohi. Bi ray6HH$ synni OHa 
sajtfuia o Hem*, ian Kant eft xenept He cb Rftra Chjio <$pa- 
hhtlca: MapRi Bceraa xo6pojQrmHHft y Bceraa Beceauft, cjannRoifB 
pijKO AOcraBJUJTb e ft cjiyqafl pacRpiraaTBca. 

OHa cooCmajna crapucy Bee, to> npoHcxoffuro Aona. ^epesi 
Hee ohi paHBme Bcfexi ysHajrb o 6epeMeHHocni TepMerru. Ob 
BToft MHHyru oh% crara HHrepecoBaTBC* CBoeft BHyHKoft Combine, 
niwb sa bck) en shshb. 

Pas* Beiepom, $paHcyasa coo6npuia eiiy, to> hoibh), b4- 
poaiHO, HacTAHyn. pojqj. 

Ha sap*, Rorxa OHa nma saaaiB xopiqr cRoraffi, OHa yBH- 
jfiuia Mioseaa, upHiaHBrnaroca sa 8a6opoin>; oht> xxsutb ee. 

— KohhhjiocbI— KpHRHyjia OHa. 

— A^BOHKa HJIH MaSBHHKB? 

— MaiBHHKl! M&ObHHHIRa H KpHIHTB TaiCB, TO) BBpOC- 

jiOMy Bnopy. 3xopoBuft tojiocb! Ba6Ka roBoparb, to> Ha BacB 

IIOXOJKT). 

— HenpaBAa, He Boxer* 6ntl! 

— THcaia xoaepil bh mh4 HHRoraa He Bipaie. no^are, 
Korxa iaKi> ? nocMOxpHie cam. 

CiapHRi ymejrB, h^crojibro cMymeHHHft, noRanmaa roaoBoft 
h noBiopaa npo ce<5a: 

— MajiLHHRi! onaiB y Haci> MaaBTORi wb kom%. 

Co BpeMeHH aToro AOCTonaMaraaro coCuria ohb ycTpaHBara 
TaRi, hto6h h^crojibro pa3i, Ha ahk> bha^tbch cb $paHcyasoft. 
Oht> sacwnaji'L ee BonpocaMH o MajnoTKi, KOioparo, b*b hoctb 
noRoftHaro oma, HasBaam Ahtohom'l. Xopomo-jui oht. cnant? 
OTKpLiBaJi'B-JiH yace rjiasa? He mypnjnb-JiH hxt>? Xoporao-JiH 
HaHLHHJiacB cb hhmi> Maib? ZBaTaJio-JiH y Hea MOJioRa? Xopomo- 
jra ero Ropnarb-io? He ptacyrca-JiH y Hero 8y6RH? noxoxi»-JUi 
obt> no npesHeMy Ha Hero? 

IIojiL8yacb CBoeft BJiacTBio HaA> hhmi>, *paHcyasa xopoxo- 



ROHBIJ'B CTAPHHH. 245 

pHJiacb h 6pocajia eify bt, oTBfcrB cioBa, KaKB npoKJiaTBa. OHa 
yace ho TOCKOBaJna Coifce, shshb en cHOBa HanojmHJcacb. Tojibro 
ea xoshhbtb cmbho nsirtHHiica Ha ea BsrjuiAi: oht> piflico cxsa- 
TUBajicfl ct> Heft syfo sa syfo, RaRt npesxe. 

— ^to raft saifb roBopHTB,— KpHTOJia OHa; bu lurf* upeA- 
jiaraeie xaRie bobpoch, RaKHMH nociaBHJiH nfcRorAa bt> TyiraicB 
Tdhdckhxi, MyApei^OB-L. 

— A 4» xe 8to nocraBiwH b* Tyrant TpHpcam, My fl - 
peijOBi? — aotfpoflynmo cnpamHBajTL ohi>. 

— Hxi cnpocHJiH, to> Ha^ajn> IncycB Xphctocb rfuiaTB, 

K&Kb TOJIBRO 6My HCHOJIHHJIOCB TpHAUaTB JrfcTB. OHH pHJIHCB BB 
CBOHX'B RHHraXl, HO HHTOrO H6 HOME HaftTH. Torja ORBWb 

KpecTLflHHH'B h roBoperb hmb: c A a BBaio too: RorAa Iflcycy 

XpHCTy HCHOJIHHJIOCB TpHOTaTB Jrktt, OHB HaHaJTB CBOft TpHAUaTB 

nepBbifi roA* »h3hh». Banus Bonpocu He xHTpie BToro. 

— PasB* Ban ipyAHO, *paHcya3a, otb4thtb mh*. BiA& 
MOJiOAen^ ohb, npaBfla? H xopomeHBKifi? Tojibko 3aopobb-jih 
OHTb? HpaBAa-JiH, hto ohb hoxojkb Ha Merc? 

— IIpHnura 6h caMH nocMOTpiiB Ha Hero, hg6ocb He 
ratal 6m Bara, Tor^a h cnpamBBaTB Hewo 6hjio 6h. Hy, 
KOHe^Ho, ohb npocio npejiecTB, h MOJiOAem, — BicnrB u^jujxb 
BOceMHajmaTB $yHTOBBl A Ha Bara hoxo^b-jlh? Hy, hItb, ho.- 
Kopno 6aaroflapio, noarynme Bara (SyAerB. 

Korna pe6eHKy hchojihhjiocb cgmb MtcaijeBB h crapHRi ycJUH- 
majTB, KaKB ohb bc$xt> ysHaera, RaRi ohb xoxototb, Ror^a eMy 
meKOHyrL uojp> hoaCopoakomi, Rasaa y Hero MyTOBCKaa poauma, 
Kor^a ohb cocotb CBOft CojiBmoft najieijB, KaKB ohb choroBho 
jieaairB bb jhojibr*, RaRi ohb He ho aham?*, a no lacaiii yMHierB, 
ohb ho MorB 6ojiBme BUTepniiTB* OAHaxAM, Kor^a Mapm» ymeJTB 
Ha BHHorpaAHHRi bt> IHapMaHB, a TepMerra, to>6kt npoftTHCB 
homhosro, noHecjia eicy o6i^B, ociaBHBB MajiBiHRa Ha nonene- 
Hie cjiyacaHKH, cxapHKB npoGpaJica b-b CBOft crapuft aoitb. 

BHABABopanopa3HJfi'B ero. Ohb He ysHaBajii Hniero: abopbChjeb 
BecB BUHnn^eHi, Ry^H Mycopa, Meayiy kotophmh pocjia KpanHBa, 
HCH63JIH, CpeBHa, rHHBmia hoab ao^RA^itb, 6hjih y6paHH hoa*b 
HaBicB, ycTpoeHHuft MapROin»; b*b ca^y He 6hjio copHoft TpaBii, 
rjiymHBmeft ero paHBme. H36aBHBmHCB on cbohxt> Ouaux* ns&z, 

AOM*B BUTJLSLJSfrXb TaRHlTB JRe MOJIOAHITB H BeCeJlBttTB, KaKB erO 

o6HTaTejra. CiapHKB BHyipeHHo cpaBHHJiB HacTOAn^ee cb npom- 
juutb h BHHyjKAeHB 6hjtb npHSHaTBca, hto HacToamee, noacajiyft, 
He ycrynnrB. 

He pa3i> bb xaftHHRaxi AyniH A*^aJiB ohb ce61s hoaoChha 
npH3Hama, bhah, KaKB (taaroAapa pasyMHBiMB saCoiastB MapKa, 
xjt&6b poahtch Jiyime h c6opB BHHorpa^a 6ojn>rae. OffB Hara- 
HajiB coMHimaTBCfl bb ce6i caMOMB h corjiamaiBca, hto mojioaoA 
qejiOB^KB He TaKoft yacB cyiiacfipoAi, KaKB ohb Boo6pamajn>. 






246 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Ci^pHHa noxaBajiacB aaate bt> jraift caMoro BipHaro CBoero sa- 

H^HTHHRa. 

BHyipeHHifi bh#b xoMa nopasHjrt ero enje 6ojn>me, oh*b co- 
BepmeHHO HsirfcHMca. Tepifem ocymecTBHJia cboio Me^ry: no- 
paAOR*, He03B^CTHH& ro rfexi nop* bi, KajiaHApi, n;apcTBOBajn> 
noBCiOAy. no npocB6i seHH, MapKB ynoxpe6Hj'B Ha nonpaBRy 
AOMa nacTB AOHerx, npHRoraeHHBix'B jip CB&Rb6u. Orhh 6hjih 
yBejia^eHH, h deKOJibin.HK'L, HaROHeifb, nojiy^nurB paspimenie 
BCTaBHTB HOBBia cieKJia; CBfex, CManaeMiift 3aHaB$cRaMH, mn- 
POrhicb noiOKOM'L Bpmajica Bt nepByio KOMHaiy. 3aHaB^cRH! 
CTapuft MiosejiL AoraceffB Ceutb co6cTBeHHopyrao nomynaTB hxt>, 
hto6h y6fypiTBCfl, hto 3to A'ificTBHTejiLHo CHxeiCB. IIoTpecRaBiniecH 

H 06HaS6HHH6 RapHHSH Chjth o6mHTH TeCOBTL, ORpameHHHlTB 
B*B KpacHHft HjB-hrB, H otobhaho HexaBHo BHMHTH. Ct&HH 6HJHH 
BBi6ijieHU e okojio hhx'l He BaauuracB jate RyqaMn pasjnraHue 
HHCTpyiieHTH, pas6pocaHHiie Roe-RaRi h HanoMHHaBmie RoneBBe 
AHRapeft. 

HeBOJiBHO ciapHKi, BepHyjica kt> nopory, ito6h orpaxHyiB 
3GMJUO, npHCTaBmyio r*b ero HoraMi. 

— TyrB xotb 6h npHmjaMt jrhtb, — CRasairB okb ci> CMy- 
m,eHHofl yjoi^Roft miioBtKa, ciAiomaroca Hagi cbohmh npeauraira 
yOiKAeHMMH. 

Oh*b B3Jijn> Ha pyRH CBoero npaBHyRa h ct aaAHHirB jik)6o- 
iimtctbom'b ocMOTpiurB ero CO BCix* CTOpOH'L. Bt> Biy MHHyty 
CTapfiift MiosejiL, cypoBNfi h rpy6uft RpecTMHHH-B, nonyBCTBO- 
BajrB, KaK^ HeBOJiBHO paayerB ero mhcjcb, BOSHHRmaa hoa* 
BJiiaHieicB Bcero BH^HHaro hm*b cefiqacB, mbicjib, tto xhshb 
dioro pe6eHKa, e^Ba HaraHaiomaro jrhtb, 6yaen> HecpaBHeHHo 
jierqe, t&itb ero co6cTBeHHaa. cEcjih mosho jrhtb cnoROtaie, He 
nycKafl no atopy CBoe cocioaHie, to jiyHme h He HaAO>, CRasajrB 
oni> cairB ce6i, htoCn onpaBAaTB bt> coCcTBeHHHXT, rjiasaxi ia- 
Ryio H3MiHy cbohbtl yGfaKAGHBflira. 

Ohb HamejrB, hto ho pascRasaKB $paHcyasfii Henafl 6hjio 
codaBHTB he Majrfjftmaro npe^CTaBJieHiH o Bctx* AOCTOHHCTaax'B 
MajieHBRaro AHTOHa. Paxy^CB, tto, HaROHeifB, AepacHTi> ero Ha 
CBonxt pynaxt, owb BBiAyMUBajn TaKiH yAHBHrejiBHUH nnyKH, 
^to6i> nosaCaBHTB pe6eHKa, tto $paHcyasa no^ynajia, yarB ho 
cxoahti-hh oht> cb yMa. 

— Hy, CKasajia 0Ha,— bm Hinero noAo6Haro He npaayMHBajiH 

RJUl CBOHXT, X^Teftl 

Ci> rtxi* nopt oht> npnxoxiui'B xy^a TafiKOMi, BCflRifl pa3*L, 
Ror^a npesdaBJUiJiacB bosmoxhoctb. $paHcyasa HapoHHO bh- 
BojiHJia ero H3*b ce6n, saflBJiaa Ras^uA pasi, hto hg 6yAerB 
6ojn>me nycRaTB ero, TaR*B KaicL 6ohtch, hto xosaeBa pasfipaHarB 
ee. GrapiocB cepAHJiCfl. $paHcya3a, bi BocxHn^eHBH otb CBoeft 



KOHBH,B CTAPHHH. 247 

BHAyMRH, RpHiajna rpoMie ero. EpoBB ea oCpamaaacB Cucipte, 
h Jierm noJiy?anH nojie3Hoe ynpaatHeme. 



XXXI. 

— XozaiLWb, — cicasajia pas* yipoirB $paHcyasa MapKy, 
OTnpaBJiflBmeMyca Ha pa6oiy, — Kor^a bh floftfteie ao BHHorpaA- 

HHKa H XOSflflKa flpTOEJ&Tb BaCB, BepUHTeCB Ha MHHyTKV AOMOfi. 

— 3mbwb? 

— Bh Hafi^eie y ce6a hto-to o^eHB yAHBmeJiBHoe. 

— %o-»e Taitoe? 

— 3to Baicb 6yAerB npiaTHO. 

— ,Ha HTO-ace HaROHeui? 

— Tucaia xoaepi! BepHHiecB, caMH yBHAHie! 

— ^to aa ceKpera? 

— Thchto nepieft! Moaceie ace bh BepHyrBca, past a Bacb 
npomy. 

3aHHTepecoBaHHuft MapicL BepHyaca. $paHcyasa, oatHAaBinaa 
ero, nocoBtTOBajia eMy hoaoAth thxohbro k*b oRomRy h hocmo- 
TpftrB, hto Aiaaeica b*b aom$. 

AiftcTBHiejiBHO, to, hto oh*b yBHA^jH), oieHB yAHBHJio ei^ 

TaKl> yAHBHJIO, 1TO OHB fftCKOJEBKO pas* HpOTHpaJTB 066*1 raa3a, 

ito6u ySiAMBca, ho oihhCch jih ohb. Hin>, ohb He onmCajfica: 
dapufi MK)3ejiB cha4jtb y Hero b*b aom4 h Aepacajft Ha pyRax* 
MaJieHBRaro AHTOHa. Ob ps^ocTHuifB jihu.om'l ohb saCaBJuwrB 
pefiemca, h cam, noBHAHMOMy, aaCaBJuuiCH He MeHLme ero. 

— Hy, SApaBCTByft, Apyanme! 3ApaBCTByft, MomeHHHR*! 
3ApaBCTByft, Hacjr&AHHR'B! ysHaeniB Mera? ysHaeniB dToro cra- 
pHRa? Kto ace Taicoft btott> ciapHiiL? Tbo4 A*ff&, npaBAa? Hy, 
CKaatH ate, npaBAa? 

Oht» AepataJTB nwiOBRy peCemca na oahomi ypoBni cb CBoeft; 
3Ta icajieHBRaH, HiaHaa, po30Baa roJiOBRa, HanoMiraaBmaa ny- 
fflHCTyio KoacHn,y cnijaro nepcHRa, RasasacB enje fffcatHte pa- 

A01TB CB XeCTRHKB, RaRfc KaHeHB, JlCoiTB, HOAB ROJRefl ROTOpaTO 

RpoBB, Ka3aaoci», nepeciaaa o6pam;aTi>ca. Pe6eH0R , B, rjiaAa na 
Hero, yjuafiajica. 

— CirfcemBca, MomeHHHK'Ll 3HanirrB, ysHaemB mohh. 
Mhcjib, hto pe6eH0K'L ysHaera ero, AoaraBJiajia ciapHKy Be- 

jiHiaftinee yAOBOJiBCTBie. Ohb hIjcrojibro pas* noA6pacuBajn> ero 
KBepxy, KaKi> 6yAT0 HairtpeBajica BCRHHyTB Ha hotojuori. <Xom>- 
jia! Xoni-jia>! H RaxAHft pasB BspuBi SBomcaro ciifexa Bupu- 
Bajica H3i> posoBHX'L ry<5oRB pe6eHK8k Oh*b raKace npoTarHBajn> 
pyMRn, RaRi 6yAT0 xorW cxBaTHTBca sa 6aaKy. Xoni! Xo^^-aal 
IIotomb ciapHKi) CTaJii HantBaiB rt ace caMue cxoni,-jia>, h 
npoAoaacaJi'B pacaiBaiB BceBOSMoacHLie caorH, npaxoAHBinie eMy 



248 PYCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

bt, roJiOBy, sacTaBJLHH peCemca npuraxb y ce6a Ha ROJr&Haxi. 
Xohb-jui! Xom-Jin! Jia! Tejuul&I Tpo, ipo, ipo! Taiajia! ia- 
Taja! JlHTaTaJin! TpaHTaHMHJiii! EEy$i! Hy$i>l TpaHana! 

— TpaHana! Ha 3tomi» nicm ROH*mjiacB. IIocTol-Ra 2 ie6a 
cTyray. TpaHanal H fffcffB fli^ajit bhkb, tto xo^erb aryRHyTB 
ero Jihowb no rojiOB*. 3to Tam» saHajio peCeHRa, hto oht> Ha- 
qajrB TaKJKe 6opMOTaTB: Tpy, ipy,— Maxaa pyneHRaMH, RarcB irreH- 
qHKB, nepBuft pasi pacnpaBJUwomift rphjibh. 

— A, th roBopHmb: Tpy! Hy, nyciB Cyjerb: Tpy! Byjeirs 
nim> Tpy! Tpy! Tpy! %o sa MOJiofleuT* ototb MajiBHHmKa! Ha- 
CToan^ift Myatmaa! Axb, MomeHHHR'B, Kara om> noert: Tpy! 
Tpy! Tpy! IIpaBO Hacxoamift MysciHHa; MaaeHBRift, najieHBRift 
MyacTOHa! Tpy! Tpy! Axi>, th, pad6oftHHRi»! Hy, noirfuiyft Mera 
Tenept! XoiemB noitfuiOBaTB mchh, njiyrHmica? XoieniB noijtjio- 
BaTB cBoero jtfmyniRy? 

H oht> npHforaxajrB CBoe TeMHoe, MopnjHHHCToe jihiio kt> 
posoBOMy jiHHHKy pe6eHKa, yroBapHBaa ero bcjhocrh non^Jio- 
BaTB ero. 

— Hy, noitfuiy* ace mom, RpomRa! Hoitfuiyft CBoero flfcaa, 
apyacnme! Hy, 6yjb yMHEKOMt, norrljiyft flfyja! 

IEflpoKO oiKpHTHe, y^HBJieHHHe rjia3KH pefieHKa, cmotp$jih, 
He BH^a, tohho oraa flOMa, xo^HHi) ROToparo enje He nporayjica. 
Offb, RasajiocB, ci> rJiy6oKHMT> BHHMaHiein> pascMaipHBajTB jihijo 
dapHKa. HaROHeip>, h6bo3mo;khn& upirb Hoca nopasHJTB ero h 

OHB HOTHHyJICa Kb HOMy, OTRpHBafl pOTB. 

— Axfc, pa860*HHKb, Aft BtjB TH yKyCHJTB MOHfl!— BCRpHR- 

Hyjii, CTapHKi, TaKi> HeoxH^aHHo rpoifRO h pa^ociHO, hto ncny- 
raJii peCeHKa; ero nfcacHoe jihtoro tottocb saryMaHEJiocB. 

— Hy, He njiaHB ace, flpyacoKB. ^to»t> th sa MyaraHHa? 
He njia^B, sl Bi^B He xot&jtb ie6a ncnyraTB, BHyTORB. Th Bce- 
TaKH njianeniB? CefliacB mh Te6a hohochitb. Hy, iiarB yrtnn> 
ero, ohi Hcnyraaca, tboA cuHoneRi. Oui oiohb Hcnyraaca, 
iiaTBl (CiapHK'B o6pan^ajicfl bm%cto MaTepn ri Hacairb). Ohi 
hojioxhjtb pefieHRa ce6% Ha pyRH h xoahjtb ct hhmt> no rom- 
Hari, yKaiHBaa ero h HanfeBaa dapyio RoanCeoiBHyK) nicmo: 

y Moefi KyMH 6ujio Tpa 8kk>, 

TH-pe-jiHH-jxep-B ! . • 
y Moefi RyMu 6ujio Tpn skio, 

H flBa cy Ha npeaa^y. 

Pe6eHOR*B, ycnoROHBmHCB, saKpHJTL rjiasa. 

— Th cnaTB xoiemB, RpomRa? Stot-b MajuoTRa xonerb cnatB. 
MaTB, Hano ero yaoaaiTB (MioseJiB npojojiaaorB o6pan^aibca r*b 
nacaiTB, KaKt 6yflTO 3to h bt> caHOMi /tfurfi 6wia MaTB). Hy, 
nocMOTpwe ace, ohi cobc£m'b cuhtb. 

CMOTpHTe, CMOTpHTe,— HHKTO He XOflHTe! 

CMOTpHTe, CMOTpHTe, — hhrto He myiiHTe! 



ROHEUB CTAPHHH. 249 

Bon, niTymoBi. 

yjiertJTB Ha Jiyacoici., 
A k-b Hawb coht> Bee He cjieTaen>, 
y Haci» otth He 3acHnaerB. 

CMOTpHTe, CM0TPHT6, — HHKTO He XOflHTe! 

CMorpBTe, CMOTpHTe,— hhkto He myMHTe! 

cHeyxejora 3to xMctbhtojibho cam crapuft Mioses?— cnpa- 
mHBajn> ce(5a Maps*.— Ero aojixho 6utl hoam4hhjih, wo npocTO 
HeBipoflTHO. Kto mofb HayuT* aroro ciaparo Bojuca TaKHMB 
nrryKairb? Kto bjiosuutl bi bto RaiceHHoe cepwe TaKyio iiaTe- 

pHHCRyK) H&KHOCTL? Ho ffilTB, 8T0 OHB, 9T0 HeCOMH^HHO CTapilft 

Miosojib, tojebro Bee ero cymecTBO nepeBepHyjiocB: MajieHBKift po- 
30Bufl najiLHHK'L peCeHKa OTKpHJTB Aopory kb ero cepjwy, h Tam, 
bb 3T0MB KaMeHHOMB cepwh Haraejica yrojiOR'B, vKb TaHJiacB rjiy- 
6oRaa h&moctb, o cymeciBOBaHiH Roiopoft OHB H cam H6 no- 

fl08ptBaJTB>. 

Ho peCeHOKB He sacHyjrB, ohb CHOBa ciajr* yauCaiBca, cay- 
maa nftcHH a*W. 

— 0! TenepB th cirfceniBca, MomeHHHRBl Th cirfcembca! Th 
B$jif> Moft BHy^eKB, Moft MajieHBRift BHyieKt! ,H,a, ja, cyAapB, 
3T0 A*AyniKHHT> BHyieRB! (Ha 3T0TB pasB MioseJiB o6pam;ajica 
rb neroi). r^i tjttb jti^ymRHHi BHyRB? Bora ohb! Henpasia 
2H, ito 8a MajiBHHRB, cyj^apfc, ?yaol IIoroBopH-Ra cb A*AOirb, 
MajiB^yraHBl DoroBopa cb hhmb, a ie6i hto-to jam. 

Pe6eH0RX cjiyrofao npofopMOTMB: Ha! Ha! 

— Ha! Ha! *Ito xe aro TaRoe— Ha, Ha? MoJiojem MaiB^HKB, 
ohb roBopHTB A*fly: Ha, Ha! Kor^a Maiia nepHOTca, OHa a&ctb eMy 
KycoHeKB caxapy. MaMa (MioseJiB CHOBa oCpamajica kb Hacaira), 
bh b*a& Aa^HTe caxapy CBoeMy iiaaBHHRy. 

H ciapHKB ohotb HaniBajiB, noA^pacuBaa RBepxy pe6eHRa. 
IIotomb ohb nocaAHXB ero kb ceCi Ha rojAho. Xohb, xohb! 
i^eMB Ha aom^B^> MajiLqyraHB. To npanacB aa ero cmiHoft, 
to Bflpyra BHrjiaAiiBaa orryxa, oetb KpnqajiB eiiy: KyRy, RyRyt 
Botb h a! PasBeceanaBiniftca peCeHOKB sbohro xoxoTajiB, a 8a 
hhmb cuiajica H ciapHKB. 

B^pyrB ohb ocTaHOBHJica Ha nojiycjiOBi: bb okh4 ohb He- 
oxHAaHHO BCiptTHJiB B3rjLs,nB MapRa. Ohb npeRpanurb Hipy h 
saMOJinajiB, cbjibho CMym,eHHHfi. 

MapKB, ho MOHie CMynjeHHufl, BomejrB, yjrai6aacB, bb aomt>. 
CxapHKB otb^thjtb Ha ero yjnu6Ry cb bh^omb mKOJiBHHKa, nofi- 
MaHHaro Ha manocTH. Hos^pn ero pasnyBajracB, mojkho 6hjho 
Aor^A&TBca, qro ropAOCTB bb nocjrlAHift paaB saaBJiaerB bb hgmb cboh 
npaBa. T4mb ne MeHie 06a ohh OAHOBpeiieHHO no^yBCTBOBaaH, 

HTO BB HHXB H6 OCTOOCB HH T^HH 3JI06w, H OHH CHOBa M0HIH 

hojik)6htb Apyn> Apyra. He croBapHBaacB, ohh OAHOBpeMeHHO no* 
CTaBHJIH KpeciB Ha nponiJioMB. 



250 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— IIpaBAa, BiA* ofb y HacB MOJiOAeut, sAopoBuft, chjil- 
Hufi? — cRasajrB npocw) MapRi, noRastiBa* Ha MajiBHHRa. 

— ^pyroro TaKoro He HaflRemt, yai bxo BtpHO, — otb^thjiii 
cxapHEi. 

— ^to bh He saxoAHie norame nocMOTpfaB Ha Hero? B4a& 
bh 8a$cb AOMa, noMHHTe. Bame Micro sa ctojiom'l jR^en BacB, 
ROMHaia Bama Bcer^a roTOBa. Hhkto b*b Heft HHiero He xpo- 
raon. Bh Bee HafiAeie Ha cxapoMi liter!, Kor^a saxoTHxe. 

— ^to n roBopHTL, th-to cjiaBHuft Majnift, — cKasaji-B cxa- 

PHRI XOH01TB, Wb ROXOpOlfB, RpOlA OAOCpeBM MOJIOAOMy H6JE0- 

Btoy, cjramajicfl ynpeRi h4roxophitb dpytuMz. 

MiosejiL, npoAOJURaa HyBcreoBaxB coBHoe CMymeme, nompajrB 
enje h^ckojibko MHHyrB cb peCeHROirB h yraeJTB. 

— #0 CBHAaHBat — CEasajft eMy MapKX cb Ao6poAynmod 
yjmtfRoft. 

— JIfl CBHffaHBa! — OTBiTHJTB CTapHKl>, OTBOpaHHBMCB, HT06u 

CRptiTB cBoe CMyra,eHLe. 

H^crojibro AHeft cnycxa oh*b cicaaajrB MapRy: 

— IIpHroTOBB-Ra h BnpaBAy mok> Roioraxy, a nepeftay b*b Hee. 
I\>AH H HCHHTaHi* XaRfc Ha^JIOMHJIH axoro lenoBiiRa c-b ate- 

jr&SHOft BOJiefi, CTpanraaro yRpoxnxejia bojiobi, hto oh% He pi- 
niHjia cain> oCmbhib ryppoAnxi o CBoeMi nepeceaeHiH, ona- 
caac* xaaceaoft cijeHH. 9xo Bsaaa Ha ce6a ^paacyasa, OTnpa- 
BHBmaflca Tyaa sa ero noxHXRaira. 

Bipnaa h npeftaHHaa $paHcyasa, noaaraacB bo bcIsx'b xpyA- 
HHxi) cnyiaaxi Ha CBOft asHRB, He GoaaacB pinraxeaBHo Hircero, 

H6 CTOXaa, ROHCHHO, HpHBHA^Hift. BlaHa HBKaKt He OJRHAaJia 

xaRoro nocTynRa co cxopoHH cxapmta. OcRop6jieHHaa, otaaHyTaa 

BT> CBOHXl OJBHAamaX'B, BH^fl, RaEl Wb OAHy MHHyTy pymnxca 

Bee, hto OHa cb TaRHirB ycepAievB BOSABnraaa bt> leneme mho- 
trxt> jrfcrB, OHa MyxecTBeHHo Bcxptxraa yAapi. OHa Bca nose- 
jrerfma, xaRTb RaR* ynpaBaaxB cbohmi jampwb oieHB xpyAHo; ho 
cjiOBaMH ynpaBJiaTB mojrho, h ora xaEHin> ate caaARHMi roao- 
coitb, KaKT> oChehobohho, OTB^THJia $paHcyas%: 

— Mbi Aep*ara ero tojibro noTOMy, hto ohb MOft oreir*; 
ho 8T0 TaRan o6yaa, hto Hs6aBHTBCfl otb Hero, npnsHaTBca, 
6ojn>moe cnaciBe. 

Tepiferra CHA&ia cb pe6eHROirB y OKHa, Kor^a CTapHRi 
OKOHiaiejiBHO BepHyjica bi, CBOft ciapufi aovb. Ona yate He no- 
xoAHJia TenepB Ha xpynRyio CHJiHHRy. CiaciBe ORpyrjmJio en 
nepiH, ho jimohrh Ha H^eRaxi coxpaHHJiH b*b ce<5ii, RaR*B BOC- 
noMBHame o nponuioifB, neyjuoBHiuift OTTiHORi rpyciH. H3i> 
dToro ORHa OHa CMOipijia Ha 6e3rpaHH*myio nmpB noaeft. 
Ecjih 6m OHa BcnoHHHJia TenepB, KaRoft yacaci HaBejin Ha Hee 
OAHasA^ hohbk) bth fjnisisi ificxa, OHa Morjia 6h cb oojihum^ 
npaB0Mi> CKaaaTL, too ho OHa OAHa nsuiHHJiacB cb rfcxt nopx: 



KOHEI?B CTAPHHbl. 251 

no npmrtpy Mapica, RpeciMHe HanajiH Biipy6aTB agpgbm h 
RycTsr, npHxaBaBinie KajiaHApy bha* rjiyxoro jfcca h OTHHMaBinie 
y 3eauiH core h ayqE cooiHija. yCtftHBrnacb b*b nojiBsi xopo- 
mnxx Aoporx, KpecTBHHe npojioacHJiH HOBCK>Ay hobim; upoBojja 
Aopory b* Hlairtfo, ohh npopmrn eAcrojibko KaHaBi h ocyraajia 
TaKHHB o6pa30Mi> 6ojioto, npeBpaTHBmeecfl noarfc aioro bi» npe- 
RpacHuft JiyrB. Tenepb ciajio bosmosho BOSAiuiHBaTB h hhskih 
seiiJiH. Caiiaa o6pa6oTRa Tasace sHararejiBHO yjiyqnnuiacB. #e- 
peBHfl npeo6paacaJiaci> noffB pyRaMH qeaoBiRa. TepMerra npa- 
Heana b*b ji;epeBHK) npHBBTCRH, HesHaROMHH xasrB paHBme, e no6iAa 
ocTajaacB sa heme; Tenepb osa Morjia ycTpaEBaTB cbofo jkbshb 
no CBoeMy Bicycy. Ona 6tuia ciacTJCHBa. 

BosBpan^ancB laftROM* b-b toti aomt>, tj& oht> iMTBAecarB 
xbrb 6hun> noJiHOBJiacTHBiiTB xosHEHoiTB, e yBE^Bi y OKHa Tep- 
Merry, ciaiomyio mojioaoctbk), rop^yio cboekb MaxepEECTBOirB, 
dapERi noiyBCTBOBajrb, hto OHa oAepataaa no6bjiy b*b nepaBHoft 
6oj)h6$, 8aBHsaBmeflCH Mes^y heme. MoaoAaa seHnpraa, Hecno- 
cofaan k% HeHaBECTE, noHHJia cb CBoefl cxopoHH, RaRoe no- 
cjitji,Hee, xecTORoe yHnaceHie AOMceffB Chjtb EcnuTUBaTB da- 
pERi, BosBpan^aacB bb cBoft jipwb e npH3HaBaa TaRBirB o6pa- 
^owb CBoe nopaseme. 

Eft npumjia bt> roJOBy ciaciyiBBaH mucjib. Bsabi pyray pe- 
6eHKa, OHa naxHyjia eio, CRasaBi: 

— IIosAopoBaftCH cb A&AyniRofi, chhori! 
Pe6eH0R'B yjEifayjica. 

— 3xpaBCTByft, 8flpaBCTByftI — otb%thjtb CTapHRi npepuBaio- 

IH,HMCH TOJIOC01TB. 

Miosojib nposHJiB enje hSjcrojibro jAtb. Ho bto Ciuia CKopie 
vlw> npejKHaro Mioses. Kor^a bojih ero 6ujia CJiOMJieHa, cts- 
pociB foicrpo noftRpaxacB kt> Hescy. Ohi yace He mofb pa6oiaTB 
e ujbme £HH cha^jtb nepeA* neHROft, irimaa yroaba e hocbh- 
CTHBan. MocKBa, ranace cejibho nocTapiBraaa, jreataaa y ero 
hoi"b h ne Bop^aJia 6oJibrae; roAH b8m4hhjib ee TaR»e, RaRB e 
xo3HHHa; Kor^a ee raaAHJiE, ona jieacaiia HenoABnatHo e paBHo- 
AyniHo, tohho MepTBaa. IIoqyBCTBOBaBi npnCunuReme ciiepiE^ 
cTapERi Jien> jiei^oitb kb crtHi, He OTBtqaa he CJOBa Ha boh- 
pocH, ho saiiiqaH, noBEAEHOMy, saCorb, kotopumh ero otcpy- 
acajm. ^paHcyasa, yxaacHBaBmaa sa hhbtb, yBH^ijia, tto ohi> 
yMepx, tojibko Ror^a HJieHH ero Ha^ajiE xojio^tb. 

Tenepb ciapuicB BpeifeHaifB yace npEmejrB rohbitb. ^omi> Mk>- 
3eoiefi, nepecTpoeHHufl MapKOM-B e TepMerroft, nooiysEJii 06- 
pasuoifB Ana ApyrEXi. lepHOMi xji6i BcnoMEHajni TOJibKO, 
Kor^a xoitjiH nocMiaTLCii Ha^ rpy6brira BKycaME CTapflROBi. 
Ha Micrt RjiaAOBoft Pfl6ojiBepoB , B Bupocjio caicoe RpacEBoe 
s^aHie RaJiaHApa— mROJia, a chh'b Be33a6oxHaro cm^hejtb b*b neft 
Meipajia. Bhho cTajno bt> BOceMB pasi Aopose npesH^ro. Clap- 



^ 



252 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

itt i fi chh-b Mapsa — aoktot/b, nocejuurca bi> cocbxaewb ropojpci. 
KpecTKflHe pa86oraT4jra h xmyrb HecpaBHeHHO jiyqme. Ho yze 
homo oris CTapymKH yirbiarb nfaB: 

CojiOBefi tbi Mofi bt> jrfecy, 
5L noicjioHi> TeGfe Hecy. 









UpooeeeioHajibHaa rarieHa Ha meeTOMB 
vbtejifc pyeeKHXt Bpaieft bb KieBl 



npo^eccioHajLHaa rarieHa Ha Hanrnxi raa3axB, bb Teieme jthiub 
nowrtflHaro aecaTmrfcTJa, flocrarjia Ha sana^i BHa^HTejBHHXB ycni- 
xobb bt> xeopiH h Ha npaRTHKi, noJEj^HB'L noraiia npaBfc rpaffi^aH- 
cTBa cpe#H apyraxi oTpacaeft coitfaaBHO-MetfHijHHCRiix'B SHamfi. Ho 

MEMO OT^tlLHHX'B M0H0rpa$ift H OTaTeft B*B o6mHX*B, MeflHI^HCRHXB H 

TexHHiecKHX'L aypHaaaxB, BcecTopoHHeft pa3pa6oTKt pasaHTOHXB npo- 
$eccioHajLHo-rHrieHiraecKHX'L BonpocoBi (no H3CJi4fl0BaHiH) caraTap- 
Haro BJiiflHifl upo$eccioHajn»Haro Tpyaa, no npeflynpesAemro Hecqa- 
cthmxt, cjyqaeBB Ha $a6pHKax , L, 3aB0flaxB h pasaaro po#a npoMHC- 
jraxi, no CTpaxoBaHiro pa6o?HX'b on> yBi^M, 6ojrt3HH, CTapocTH n 
t. A.) nocBflrn;eHo h£ckojilko cneijiaaBHNX'B nepiOAmecKHXT, H8flamfl\ 
Twobh, HanpHMipi, <Zeitschrift f. Gewerbe-Hygiene, Unfall-Verhii- 
tung und Arbeifer-Wohlfahrts-Einrichtungen> (TpeTift ro^B HS^aHia), 
<Archiv f. Gewerbe-Hvgiene und Unfall-Heilkunde> h mh. #p. 

•Ha ueAHipHCRHX'B KOHrpeccax'L, MeaR;jyHapo,UHHXB, o6m;HXB a 
irtcTHHxij, npo$eccioHajn>Hafl rarieHa o6ii^ho cocTaBaaeTB oco6tia 
ceKitfH, H8o6oyi)n^ia BeoBHa HHTepecHHVH cooCmemanH. Bb B4fffc, 
b*b Hapnaci h bb apyrnxB ropoflax'B ycipanBaiOTca My36H npo$eccio- 
HsutBHofi rnrieHU h npHRjiaflHofi toxhhkh, nocTOHHHHfl h nepeflBHa- 
huh BHCTaBKH, ny6iH7HHfl aeRitfH, fieofcflH cb pado^HMH h t. #. Pe- 
3yjBTaTn TeopeTnqecKHX'B HSHCRaHiii, npaRTmecRHXB HafijuoaeHift h 
BKcnepHMeHTajiBHUX'B H&cjr6flOBaHifl 6hctpo nojiyqaioTB nrapoRoe npn- 
MiHeHie bi sh3hh. TaKoe B03,nificTBie HayKH Ha shshb coBepnrajocB 
n coBepmaeTCH Ha 3ana;$ OTnacra npn nocpe^cTBt o6ihhxb saKOHO- 
AaTaiBHKX'B aRioBB h MicTHHX'B o6fl3aTej[BHBix'B nocTaHOBJieHift no 

OXpafffe SH8HH, B^OpOBBH H HpaBCTB6HH0CTH pa6oqHX r L > rjaBHLJMl, Se ' 

o6pasouB, nyreiTB Bee GoaBmaro h dojtraaro pacmnpeHia, bb Kojnree- 
cTBeHHOifB h bb sa^eoTBeHHOM'B OTHOmemflXB, no! ho mo qi ft cneitfaaBHO 
noAroTOBJieHHaro HHCTHTyxa <|>a6piraHoft HHcneiojiH. 

CooTBiTCTBeHHo cnpocy B03pacTaeTB h npeAJio»eHie, xaRB *ito 
HHHi npo(J>ecciOHajrbHaa rarieHa h $a6pH?Hoe 3aR0H0AaTejBciB0 co- 
3A&EH ocoCyro, mHpoRO pasBHBmyDGfl h eaceAHeBHO nonoraaeMyio 

OTpaCJTB npHEJTaflHOft HOT $a6pH T IHO-CaHHTapHOH TeXHHKH. H3o6piTe- 
M 8. 0t*4» n« 1 



2 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

* • 

Hifljos nocjinHefl, kt, cqacTBD, He jhnneHu bosmoshocth noiB80BaT&c* T 
,b*b cjyqai xeaama mh #o6poBOJiBHaro pBOHifl, h HtaOTopue $a6pn- 
xaHTH B'b Poccin. BecB btots nporpecci» Haqajfb pasBHBaTBca vb Tep- 
MamH npH6jH3HTeiibH0 vb 1876 ro#a, onHTaa co BpeMOHE nararo m>- 
peH6eprcKaro CLtofla repiraHCRaro coDsa oSmecTBemoft rHrieHH. ^Baa-* 
u,aTB jAtb TOMy HasajvL, caHHTapHNa ycaoBia repMaHCKoft npomunieH- 

HOCTH 6HJH OTOJIB 86 H6yA0BI6TB0pHT6J[BHH f KaK'B H J HSCTB TBnepb 

Vb Pocoin. HcTopia <J>a6pBPiHoft RjjiBTypu bt> yBasaHHOirb HanpaBjemn 
npeflCTaBnaenb rpoMaflHHft HHTepecB, hh6hho npn cpasHOHiH pesyiB- 
TaTOBT> pa3pa6oTKH oiepeflHHX'B BonpocoB'B npo$ecciOHajn»HOft rHrieHH, 
HanpHMtpi, bi> repiraHin (1876 toa'b) h b-b PocciH (1882 tojtb). Pas- 
HHD,a no roflaMi) HHiToaHaa, ho KapTHHa nojyiaeTca fliaiieTpaiBHO- 

. npoiHBonoiosHafl. 

« Y HacB bt, Poccih yqemia H3HCKaHia o npo$eccioHaiBHHX , B ycio- 
Biaxt Tpy;ja Bt nepioA* 1880 — 95 rr. flomrra hoihoth jsjMmurb y 
6e3ynpe?H00TH h o6cTOHTeiBHOCTH pa3pa6oTKH, b*b aRa#eifflqecKOMT> 
omhcjA *). IIpaKTH^ecKie se pesyiBTam htb TenepB paBHU iih Hyn), 
hjth se BecBMa h BecBMa ckpomhu. IIo cnpaBeAiHBOvy oTSUBy TaKoro 
cniflymaro cneijiaiHCTa, KaK'B 6uBmifi $a6pH?HHfi HHcneKropi mocrob- 
CKaro oKpyra npo$. H. H. flHsyjrb (cm. c6ophhkt> ero craTeft «*lacH 
jjocyra*, MocRBa 1896 r.), oxpaHa xh3hh h 8flopoBBH paforax* vb 
Poocin ofiHapysHBaerB bi> nocjrtflHee BpeMa pisRie npnsHaRH pe- 

# rpecca. Bnomi npncoeflHHaacB kb TaKOMy BaKJiioqeHir), hosho flo6a- 
bbtb, hto A&se TeoperaqecRaa pa3pa6oTKa HepimeHHHTB eme 3m 
Pocciu BonpocoB'B $a6pHiHo& oaHHTapin, aBiaiomeftca ihiiib qacTHmrB 
OTA&ioirB o6mefi npo$ecciOHaiBHoft rarieHH, nepesnBaerB bt> HacToa- 

;mee BpeMfl cepBe3Hwa onacema rpaaymaro Rpnsnca. KpHBHC* stotb 
Moacert o6napysHXBca hmohho bi» tobtb cjy^ai, ecjra onpaBAairaca • 
cayxn o npeflCToamearB orpamreeHiir o6mecTB6HHaro norana no $a6- 
pH^HooaHHTapHOMy H^sopy. He MeHBnria onaoema ,n;ojgKHa B036yK- 
AaTB h nepe^aqa Beta* OTHocamaxca cio^a j$jn> h pascjrlAOBaHifi vb 
MioTHHfl (J)a6pnqHHa npncyrcTBifl, cocToanpfl hotth HCKiro^HTeJBHO 
£8% kpymmrb npeAnpHHsvaTejieft, ci> cocpeAOTOHemeirB ^aiBHtftmaro 
pimema bt, ocoSomt, i^eHTpaiBHOirB opraHt, 6e3T> y^aciia cnentaia- 
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• $aKTHqecKH cjrkayDmHM'B o6pa30MT>: 1) SHaqHTejiBHoe noBumeme no 
ryfiepmn Bpaqe6Hoft noMomn pa6o^HMi>, npn cooTBiTCTBeHHOKB orpa- 
HaqeHiB canocTOflTejiBHo flificTBOBaBinaro $e*B,nmepH3Ma; 2) yBeraqe- 

1 Hie TOcia $a6pHqHux , B Bpaqeft, aiBymHX'B npn $a6pHRaxB (cb 16 
na 45) h aRymepoRB (cb 8 Ha 34); 3) yBejraraeme qncaa ^afipnq- 

HBETB 6o*BHHHB (CB 64 flO 72), pO^OBCnOMOraTeJlBHUX'B npiBTOBB 

(cb 9 Ha 34) h oiA'&ieHii jiflB 3apa8HHXB 6oj[Bhhx , b (cb hhth Ha, 
TpnwaTB qeTHpe); 4) yjyqmeHie 6ojlbhh^hhx*b noMimemfi n Bcei 
6ojibhh?hoh o6cTaHOBKH; 5) BBefleHie o^HOofipasHOfl xapTOHHOft pern- 

CTpaipH 60JILHHX f L B*B fioJCbDieS TOOTH CaMOCTOflTeJIBHHXB $a6pH^H0- 

BpaqefiHHX'B nyHRTOBi n fioaie npaBMBHoft MeflHijHHCRoft OTqemocTH; 
6) 6oa4e nmpoEift aoaryirB (fcafipHqHBGTB Cojibhhub h aM6yjiaTopift na 
tojibro rjul ^afipH^HHXB pa6o?Hx , B h etb ceiceft, ho h ara ORpeci* 
k naro Haceaema; 7) opraHH3an,ifl cojbcrhx'b Me#HijHHCRHXB yqacTROB* 
npn HtaoTopuxB (bocomb) <j>a6pHqHO-Bpaqe6HHX , B nyHRTaxi*; 8) ,h$h- 
TejiBHoe yqacTie Cojubmeft qacra ^afipnqHHXB Bpaqefl b*b 3eMCRHXT» 
caHHTapHsx'B ooBiTaxi,; 9) 6oJiie nrapoRoe pacnpocrpaHeHie coraa- 
meHifl $a6pHRB h saBOtfOBT* cb 36mctbom'l no oCeBneqemro pa6oqHXB 
moahijhhcroid noiiomB©. 

YKasaHHuft nporpeccB $a6pHqHoii Me/jHijHHH bt> Teqeme 10 jrfyrB 
o6ycjoBJtHBajicfl, raaBHmrB o6pa30MB, qeTHpBMa MOMOHTaMH: 1) H3,na~ 
fliein, bomcrhx'b ofiasaTejTBHiix'B nociaHOBxeHift no opraHH3au;iH <j>a6- 
pnqHOfi: moahi^hu (bt> ofinjeft <j>opirfi no ry6epHin bt» 1886 r. h b*b 
(iojrfce nacTHoft — no Boropo/jcRoiiy yfefly bb 1890 r.); 2) BBeflemeirB 
CHCTeMaTHqe.cKaro Ha^sopa 3a HcnaiHeHieM'L nocTaHOBJenift qpesi 
36MCKHXB caHHTapHBEX'b BpaqeM, 663B qero nodaHOBJieHia uorn 6d 
OCTaTBCA MOpTBOft 6yKB0fi, ISAKb 8T0 H 6hUL0 paHBHie OB nojioseHiOHB 
26 aBrycTa 1866 r.; 3) y^pesABHieM'B 86MCKHxb caHHTapHU^'B coBt- 
tobb, o6ieAHHaBfflHxi> h HanpaBJUiBmHX'B ofin^ecTBOHHyx) caHHTapHo- 
Bpaqe6Hy» ^htojibhoctb b*b rydepHiH; 4) nocTOHHHOD noAffepsROH) 
npe^oseHifl seucrBa no ynopa^oqeHk) <£a6pHqflQ# MeAHH^HH co cto-. 
poHH ryfiepHCRofi aAMHHBCTpan,iH. 

Bb AORJa^ A-pa B. T. BorocjioBORaro npoBOAHTca mhcjl o6t, 

OTCyTCTBiH Heo6X0AHM0CTH BB H3M£H6HiH SaROHa 1866 T., ROTOpUft, 

Bosaaraa ofasaHHOcrB no ycipoftcTBy MeAHn^HCKofi noMon^H pa6oqHirB 
na Bja^fejiLD,eBi) $a6pHKi> h saBOAOBi, cBoeft o6mefl ^opuyinpoBROft 



8 PYCCE0E BOrATCTBO, 

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MtCTHOCTaXt- E^Ba-JTE MOEHO, OABaEO, BflOJHt COFiaCHTBCfl <Tb MH*- 

flieMii AGKiaaMKa, Cyaro 6h, *eciH o6a3aTejtiHhia nocTaHOBjrema 

OT^tjTliHHll MtCTHOCrefi Sj^JTB paaHHTBCE MeK^y COfiOlD Fb TOOTHO- 

crai'B, to B-& ocHuBt ohh He iioryrt 6htb paajuraHH no 3asoHy». 
npamma jKaabiBaert, ito xaKla qacTHOcxa ciamKOirb pfeKO pacxo- 
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ucJi^cTBie HeToiHOH peaaKnja o6maro saKosa, Ee^ocraTo^iHocTH hjih se 
qame nojHaro OTcyTCTBia (JaCpH'iMO-caHirrapEoii no^roTOBKH ihhob'b 
rjiaGpnqKoii HHCneKQ,in, 

LIoJHoft aHajoriH iies^y xcucwl pa3BHTia 36MCEOfl uejympsH h 
$a6piFCHGfl: caEiiTapiH se cymecTByert, Bonpesa ocHOBHoft mhcjih^o- 
oaja. He npaxoflETea, Bnpo^eMTi, count eaT&ca, mo, ^feftcTBHTeJiBHO, 
ycrpoflcTBO h pa3BHTie ^afipa^Hoft Me^aitHHw flocxarHeTB TaKHXB se 
h ^aae fiojiie BEAHLLxt peayjiBTaTOBt, no^t BaianieirL MicTHOfi caiio- 
atflitMbaocTn no iijjafiiio mIjcthhx'b aCaaaTaiBEHXi nocTaHOBJteHifl, 
oniipaiomiixcfl Ha oomifl 3aK0HT>. He cocfimaa AajLHiftnrax'b noapo6- 
HoeTcfl joRia^a, yKaxeifL iamb 3a&nH><iHTeiBEHH noioaeHia ero, e;jH- 
HonacHO iipHHflThia ceKuiefl ^afipimHofi mb^hi^hhli a nepeaaHHEUi vb 
pacuopa^HTe-ibHoe coCpanie mecioro cbt3^a Bpaqoii jv& BOB6yameHia 
cooxb1itctb6hehx i b xo;iaTafieTB'L. IIpaBo HaB3ji,aaie cSaaaieiBHurB no- 
eiaHOBJieHifl no oxpaneHiH) eh3ee h 3^opoBi>a paGoiETb Ha $a6pa- 
ttoCi a 3aBO r iaxTi, a tanse bl oxaomeHia Bpaqeoaoft noMonjH bthmt, 
pa6o?mn>, npeflGcraBiflexcE hhh£ tojbko npneyTcxuiairB no $a6pM- 
ehmt, attain*, wb to rape me, Karb n pa soul cociaBienia caBHTapEHXt 
o6H3axejiBHHX F L nocTaaoBaesiJi %xb i}>a6pniv^ 11 3an jjobt* HOJiBsyroTca 
oSmecTBeaHua, aeucEo-^yiicKiH yqpeKAeaia (ycx, npoininu. ct. 52, 
n. 1 n noioac. sen, yipesu- IS 90 r,, ct. 108, ft 6). Tawur* o6pa- 
soMi, ycTamaBJiiiEaeTCH coBepmeHHo ncKyccxBeEEoe pa3AiuieHie npaBi 
b-l OAHofi a TOfl me HepaaA'feJiBHoft ao cymectBy o6iacxH $a6pn^H0- 
3aEOACKaro Suxa pa6oqaxT> nesqy ^syua pa3iHqHHMH, o6oco6jieHHBiMH 
yqpeK^eHiflMH. Ci» ^pyroft cropoHH, cosAaeTCa to HeHopMaiBHoe no- 
jEomeHie, npn KoxopoM^ ofiaaaTeJiLHMa nocraHOBjeHia no ycTpoficiBy 
Bpaqefiflofi nOMoma pa6oiHMi. aa $a6pasax'b n aaBO^axi HSAaDTCfl 
jTjpeaiAeBieM^j bi> cBoeMi* cocxaBt He Hirtion;aMi> aeifB, no HayfflOMy 
aeaay KOMHeTeHTHMxt Bb Bonpocaxt saopobbh (jot. npoM. ct. 49). 
3eMCKo-jyMCEia ae yqpeacAeEia, 3aBiAJ©mia oGmecrBeHHHMH jrfraeC- 
aHMH 3aBeAeEiaMH, ofiasaHHua upEEHuaTL yqacTie bt> MiponpiflruiX'B 
no oxpaHeHtD HapOAHaro 3^opOBM, 3aoOTHTtca pa3BHTiH cpeflCTB* 
Bpaqe6HoS eomoe^e Haceieslu, H3MCKHBaTL cnocofiu no o6e3neqeHi» 
MtcTHocTH bt» caEaTapHoat oTHoaieHiH (eojeoh. o 36M, y?p. h ropo^. 
nojioK. ct. 2), TEKse ynoaraOMO^eHH H3AaBaTB o6fl3aTeJiBHHa nocTa- 
HOB^egia: CTpoaT6JtBEKTE, caEExapEbia, BexepaaapEMfl h np. 

CocTaBt npacyTCTBifl no ^aCpniHHH'B A^iiairB, npa3BaHHHX , B HirbTb 
.wliLTHi.iii HajJop'L 3a ^aupBKaiin a aaBOAaMD, staaTB bc4 BonpocH 




UPOSECClOHAJBHAfl rHTIEHA. 9 

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jobbe pafioraxB, flaBBo yse npnsHaHB HeflOCTaTOiHiniB *). Bb Heart 
OTcyTCTByK)TL anna ox cneqiaJTBHrnrB Me/jHipiBCRBMB o6pa30BaHieMB, 

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upeAdaBHTeJiH 3eMCR0-flyMCRBXB y^pesfleBift, npB3BaHHHXB eit&tb no- 
ne^enie o BapoflHOMB 3,npaBiH MidHaro HacejieHia. Bb cHJiy npnBe- 
A6HHUXB motebobb, ceKnJa Bnorat npEcoeflEBEiiaoB rb npeflaoaeEiio 

flORJiafllBEa 0TB0CBT6JIBH0 BeofeOflEMOCTB B036yflETB XOflaTaftCTBO: 1) 

o(fr> H3MteemH, hjth, no KpafiBeft Mipi, o flonoraefliB ct. 2 ycT. o npo- 
Msnnji. bb tomb CMHCJii, tto npaBO cocTaBJieHia o6fl3aT6jn»Hiix , B no- 
cTaHOBjeHifl no oxpaHOHiD se3be h 3#opoBBa pa6oqnxB na $a6pE- 
KaxB n saBOflaxB, a TaRse bb orHomeHin Bpa^efifloft uomoiijb pa6o- 

1HMB npHHaAieSHT'B TaSSe H 06meCTBeBHHlTB, 36MCKHMB E flyilCRBMB 

yqpesAeHiflMB, no coraameHiD ob npncyrcTBiflMH no $a6pHraBHMB j$- 
jaMB, Ha ocHOBaHin nyHKTOBB 12 h 13 ct. 108 noxos. 0.36M. yipes:- 
AeHkxB; 2) o nonoiBeaiE cocTaBa npncyTCTBifl no $a6pEOTHMB j&- 
jiauB npeACTaBHTeiaMH o6mecTBeHHuxi», 36mcrhxb e ayMCRBX'B yqpes- 
AOHiE e Bpaie6H0-caHETapHHXB opraHH3an;ifl exb. 

OcTajrbHue AOKJiaAH, RaoaacB $a6pEqrao-caHHTapBHXB BysflB ot- 
AijiBEuxB oTpaaiieft npomamjieEEocTB, bb to se Bpeua saxBaraBaaH 
ijiuraifi paflB' oenpx'B BonpocoB'B, Ha ROTopuxB, xb coaaiiEiH), C6KH;ifl 
$a6pnqHofl moaei];ehu He EMiua bo3moxhocth ocTaHOBETBCfl gb aojijk- 

HHMB, BT> BH^y EXB qpe3BH?afiH0ft fiaSHOCTE, BHEMaHiOMB, HO BeflO- 

CTaTsy BpeMOHH EaRB flM qTOHiE, TaRB h pfl& o6oysAeHifl. IIpH BC6MB 
tomb, bb pe3yjiLTar£ 03rebjt6hhuxb npemft, B036y«AeEEHXB flORaa- 
jifiME, 6luo npESsaso 6e3ycjoBHO H6o6xoahmhhb xoflaTaficTBOBaiB o6t> 
ycTaHOBJiemH BOCBMEiacoBoro aha RaRB Ha caxapHHXB, TaRB n bo 
bc4xb nanCojiie BpeaBHX*B e onacHUXB npoB3BOflCTBaxB, npn «eaa- 

T6JIBH0CTH, CB CaSETapEOft fl T6XHH^eCR0& T01RE Spbsifl, 06lljeft HOp- 

mepobre pa6oqaro aha Boofime na pjccrexb $a6pBRaxB e saBo/jaxB. 
#ajrfce ceRitfa nocTanoBEJia B036yn;ETB xo^aiaficTBO o B03o6soBJieHiE 
neqaiaHia ottotobb $a6pfl^HHXB EEcneRToppBB, a!^6jibeoctb roto- 

pHXTb, RaRB BHBCBBJIOCB E3B flORiaflOBB, HpeflCTaBJiaeTCa BB HaCTOfl- 

mee BpeME oqeHB cjia6oft e Hey^OBJieTBopflTeJiBHoS bb oaHflrapHOMB 
oTHomeHiE. Boo6me ace R&a. yjiyqmemfl ^aepHK^ seiaTejiBHo e seo6- 
xoahmo yBejinqeme qncjia Bpaqefl cpe/ja (J)a6pnqnaro EHcneRTopaTa. 
JI,ajii6, ceRipfl nopyqnja npaBJuemi) HflporoBCKaro o6mecTBa B036y- 
AHtb Ha npeACToan^esfB uesAJHapoji^OMB cB^'b Bpaqefl bt> Mocrb^ 
BonpocB o Heo6xo^EMocTE MescATHapo^Baro corxameEifl no oxpaHt 

3KH3HH, 3^0pOBBE fl HpaBCTB6HH0CTH pa6o?EXB. 

Oaeto h3b AORJOta^OBB (A-pa H. R. ^oironojioBa) 3aKJTBoqaji , L no- 



*) Ha 9T0TTE, S6 H6A0CTaT0Kl» Bl> pyCCBOH'L (J)a6pmH0JTb 8aB0H0^aTeflLCTB^ y 

HesAy npoqaan,, ysa8HBaeTCfl bi» 6pomiopi Siegfr. Tttrkel <Die Arbeits-sta- 
tistik mit besonderer BerUcksichtigung des Ssterreichischen Gesetzentworfes und 
der Reformantrage. Wien. 1895. 



10 pyCCEOE BOriTCTBO. 

flpo()Hyx> xapaKTepncTHEry ycaoBift Tpyna h sadoaiBamft pafioinx* 
neco?Ho-pa<|>HHaAHHr& saBOflOB'B. Ha ocHOBamn jlhtohx* qerapex- 
jiiTHHX'L HaSnofleHifi, bt» KaiecxBi <|»6pHqHaro Bpa^a Ha J^pysKOB- 
ckoht> BaBo^i r. BopncoBCKaro, a Tarace no pesymaTairB ocMOTpoBt 
18 flpyrax* saBOAOBi, aBTOpt flOKaafla nosHaKOMEn ueHOBi otfo^a 
c-b coBpeMeHHHMH npo$ecciOHajn>HO-rHrieHHiiecKHMH ycjiOBUiHH neco*iHO- 

pa(J)HHa^HarO npOH3BOflCTBa, CT> fleMOHCTpaitfeft H'&CKOilBKHX'B *$0T0- 

rpa^iflf cl Haiypu, oopa3i;oBX n np. APF ofi AOMaffB $a6pHraaro 
HHcneRTopa H. T. PyTEOBCsaro (o coctohhih CBeoo-caxapHLixi> 3aB0 : 
Aobb bi nflTn yis^axt IIoffOjn>cKofi ry6epmn bt> OTqeTHOMt 1894—95 
ro^y) BHBBaj'L BecBMa BicKia B03pa»eHia co cropoHH Bpaieft, 6ih3ro 

3HaK0MHXl> CI CymeCTByBmHMH CaHHTapHHHH yClOBiaMH SaBOJIiOBB 

bt> HoAOJiBCKofi ryCepHin (m4cthhS Bpa^eSHufi HHcneKropt a-pt Cy- 

JTHMa, COCTaBHBmifi H&CROJLKO 06CT0flT6JBHUXT» HOHOrpa<J)ift no 0B6EI0- 

caxapHOMy upoHBBOACTBy, fl-p* TaTapoBx h ap.). HaKOHeu^, nocjr&a- 
mS ^oKJia^ A-pa HlnepMHra (EepAH^eBi) He 6hjtl BticjryfflaHB, xoth 
n HaneqaTaHX wb c^eBHBradb mecroro KieBCKaro CLi3.ua. Maiepia- 
jomb jjjui 8Toro AOKiafta (cHiROTopiifl OTCTynjieHiH on> caHHTapHHX'L 
Tpe6oBaHift Ha saBOflax'B, $a6pHKaxT> h .npyraxB npoMHmieHHHxt 3a- 

B6A6HUiXT» H SOJiaxeJILHUfl M^pOnpiHTifl St B03M02CH0My HXT> yCTp&H6- 

Hiio>) nocaysMH flamma no r. BepaneBy, r^i HirfceTCH 6oiie 50 
3aBeA6Hift, cb o6mHin> qncjiOMi, pa6oqnxT» #o 3 thc leaoBiffB. Bb co- 
o6meiiH npHBOAflTca KpaTKia yKasania, 3araioqai)miH bt, ce6i iiano 

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n 3a6oj4BaeMocTH Ha kok6B6hhhx'b saBo^axi, Ha ^aGpHRaxi cbhh- 

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Heme ycjoBifi coBpeneHHaro caxapnaro npoHSBOflCTBa h Bpe^Hnxi 
BjiiflHifi ero Ha sflopoBLe pa6orax , L, bi> brjsj Toro, Tro,no qncjiy pa- 
6oqHX'B (ji;o 100 tug. Ajmi, o6oero noja), oho 3aHHuaerB bb p#ny 
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OT^iieHiflXT> pa$HH^HHXT» H B*B HlEOTOpHXl OTA^ieHiflX'L neco^HUXi 

3aB0^0BB, ^B*HaAn;aTHqacoBaH pa6oTa m> btoA TOMaepaTypi, 6031 
o^esAH, 6ucTpoe pasorpiBaHie opraHnsiia pa6o^HX*B Bcrf^dBie qpe3- 
MtpHaro HanpnseHiH bo Bpeiui pa6oTH h CucTpoe oxias^Hie bo 
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BaeTB no^TH norojOBHoe 3a6ojrlBaHie pa6o?Hxx bb nepio^ npo- 
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ocjiafiHTB BpeAHoe BJiiflHie caxapHaro npoH3BOAGTBa Ha 3^opoBBe pa- 



nPO«ECCIOHAiBHAA rHITEHA. 11 

6ootxb, qro aojhho cocTaBJATB raaBHyro 3a^aqy $a6pH?H0ft necneK- 
njH h $a6pHqHHi'L Bpaieft. 9to TpeCoBame Ha npaKTHKfc ho Bcer^a, 

OAHaKO, BBinOJTHfleTCfl BClt^CTBie MaJK)?HCJeHHOCTH TOHOBB (J>a6pHqHoft 

HHcireRi^iH h no^TH noraofi 'saBECHuocTi $a6pH^HHXT> Bpaieft OTB 
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XOAHMO OTB HMeHH CBia^a B03(fyAHTB ripOAt HpaBHTeJLCTBOM'L, B3HB- 

mnwb Ha ceta HopiinpoBKy Bupa6oTKH npoAyroroBB caxapHaro nporo- 
BO^OTBa, xo^aiaflCTBO o6t> ns^aHin oahopoahhxb am Bcixt caxapo- 

BapeHHUXB 3aB0A0BB 06fl3aT6IBHHX'B $a6piTIH0-CaHHTapHHX , B HOCTa- 
.HOBJOHifi. 

$a6pH^Haa MeAinjHHa h $a6pHqHaa canHTapia cocTaBraDTB inmB 
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Apyroft patfora ($H3HiecK0ft rjol yMCTBOHHOii) npH pa3ra*iHBurc. KaTe- 
ropjaxB npo$eccioHaiBHaro Tpy.ua. Binsafimee Hsyienie bthxb ycjo- 
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rieHH, cb noApasAfcaemeirB ea Ha sefffoHOAoposHy©, cejBCKo-xosaft- 
CTBeHHyH), BoeirayH), MOpCKJTD h t. A* 

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bb BH^y npo^eccioHaiBHoe BJdflHie yMCTBeHHaro Tpy^a khhxb hoko- 
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HaiajiBHHMH ropoACRHiTH jqsuamfiME co ctopohh o6mecTBa Bpaieft), 
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^uLTb otb noBpe^^eHia c6Jlckhmh opy#i&MH, BJiame otxoshxi npo- 
mhcjiobt* Ha caHHTapHoe nojoaceme Poccia, o6t opraHH3an,ia jiqeSHO- 
npoAOBOJBCTBeHHHxi» nyHKTOBB am otxoshxb pa6oqHxi>); 2) ABa 00- • 
oOmeHia bi> coki^h BonpocoBi* Bpaqe6Haro Ctrra (0 BdanHHOiCB cTpa* 

^OBdHlH 2RHdHH H SAQpOBBfl Bpa^eft H T. £.); 3) TpH AOKJMtya HO B06H- 
HOft HOAHI^HHi (0 c6ep62K6HiH CHIB, 3AOpOBBH H SH3HH JDAeft BB no 

xoAHoe B06HH06 Bpeufl a ^p.); 4) ABa AOKJiaAa no sejrt3HO-AoposHOft 
MeAHB.HH'b (o Bpaqe6Hoft a caHHTapHOfi A^aTexbHocTH yqacTKOBtixi» 
acearbsHO-AopoasHUXB Bpa^eft). CaMO 0060ft pasynierca, ho npaxo- 
AHToa vb AaHHOXB ojy^ai B^aBaTBca bt> noApo6HOOTH, HHTepecma 
jthhib mz cnen^ajHCTOBt. Hoo6xoahho jteidb hm^tb vl BH^y, ^to 
Aflfl OHcreuaTOTecKaro pasBffria npo$eccioHajLHO-rHrieHHqecKHX'B BHa- 



■, 
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12 PYCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Hift spaftHe BasHO ycTanoBHTB o6ntfe hotoau co6HpaHia h pa3pa6oTEH 
CTaTHCTHqecKHXi> ^aHHtnt no oahopoahhitb nporpaMHairB. He mohb- 
mm ycjyra uona 6m oRaaaTB Tasse h cp.aBHBTejn>Haa oijiHKa o6mBXT> 

npO(J)HJiaKTH^eCKHXT, Mip*, BB npHMtHOHiH ETb E*B paaiHTHHirb EaT6- 

ropiflMi» npo^eccioHajiBHaro Tpyja. 

CeKiiifl oomecTBeHHoft MeAHijHHH bcgh^jo npacoeAEHMacB sx npea- 
joseHiaxi'L AOKJia^a A-pa H. EL TedaROBa, hcxoah h3t> Toii hoapoCho 

MOTHBHpOBaHHOft TO^KH 3jr&Hlfl, TTO HOBCeiriCTHOe E CaUOO BCeCTOpOHj 

Hee u3CAn>doeanie omxooicuxb npoMtACAoei aojukho cocTaBjnm> nocTGHH- 
Hyio 3a6oTy npaBHTeJtcTBeHHHXx h o6mecTBeHHHX , L yqpesA6Hi& h. 

MeAHH.HHCKHX'L 06meCTB*. Ob BTOft I$JEB10 CCKIjiH HOCTaHOBMa AOBeCTH 

Ao cB-feA^Hia pafioTaffimHX'L npn MHHHCTepcTB* BHyTpeHHHX'B nbjrb ko- 
MHccift no BonpocairB o&h ynopaAOTOHin ABBaeHia oejBCKo-xoaaftcTBeH- 

HHXT> padO^HXt H 06meCTB6HH0in> npH3piHiH— 0TH0CHT6JILH0 663yC10B- 

Hofi Heo6xoAHMocTH, bt> caHHTapHOMi> OTHomemH, noBceir&CTHoft opra- 
HB3an l in Jiirae6Ho-npoAOBOJiBCTBeHHHX'B nyHRioBx bo Bcix* jrhcxaxt 
3HaqHT6JiLHaro c6opa pa6o^Hxi» am HafiMa. ^aae ptmeHO 6hjio B03- 
6yABtB xo^aTaftoTBo npe^ npaBHTexBCTBOMX 061. yay^nneniH cnocofia 
nepeB03RH pa6o^nx , B no seatoHiniB AoporaM^ h Ha napoxoAax*, b-b 
cMMC^t ycTpaHeHia hxt> cKyroEHOCTH kb BaroHax* h Ha napoxoAax* 
npH ycjioBin CHa6aeHia hx*b bt, nyTH Ao6poKaqecTBeHHOio boaohj. 
BuflCHHjracL Tasse HeoCxoAHMOCTB KpynHHa qacTHo-BJiaA'fejiLqecEiji 
xosaficTBa, Kara Hocantfa xapaKTep'B npoMHiraeHHHXB 3aBeAemft, hoa- 
tohhtb 3aKOHOAaTejbHBiMT> hophakomt. BpaiefiHO-caMTapHOMy Htypopy, 
hoao6ho TOMy, Kara axo HaqaHaerB npoaBJWTBca no OTHomeHii* kt» 
(J)a6pHqHMM'L h npoMUnueHHUMt saBeAefiiairB. 

IIo ApyroMy coo6meHi» Toro ace AOMaAraKa 6roo nociaHOBJieHO 
BHpa6oTaTB yaofiHy© ^opiiy A*a peracTpanra noBpeKAemfl, nprra- 

HHeMHXl CejBCSO-X03fl8CTB6HHHMH OpyAiHMH H MaiHHHaMH, RM paCEpO- 

crrpaHeHia npaBM'L TaKoft perncTpau,iH, npa coA*ftcTBiH npafiieHia 
HBporoBCKaro ofinjecTBa, Bpaqeft h jraiji,, cneijiaiBHO 3HaROHHx% cb 

yGIOBiAMH C0JLCK0-X03flfiCTBeHH0fi npOMHIMeHHOCTH. IIpHHHTH 6hM 

h ocTajLHLia noioseHia AOKjaAa, a hm6hho: 1) xoAaiaftcTBOBaTB npeA^ 
npaBHTejiLCTBOMi) o AonojHemH «IIoj[oseHifl o Hafini Ha oe^BGRk pa- 

60TH» CTaTBHMH, 06yCICBJ[HBaK)mHMH npHMiHOHie Vb CeiLCKOlTB xo- 

3flHCTBi HamHFB h opyAlfi cl Heo6xoAHMtiMH npHcnocodieHiflMH am 
saniiHTH paeo^Hx-B otb noBpe«A6HiB; 2) pa6o*rie, nojryiHBime yBi^Bff 
otb noBpes^eHifi cejiBCKo-xo3aftcTBeHHHMH opyAiflMH h MamHHaHH, 
AoasHH hm4tb npaBo Ha cboo ofiesne^eHie, npn^eirB BonpocB o crpa- 
tOBamH cejBCKHXTE» pado^Hxi otb nec^acTHHX'B cjiy^aeB'B 3acjry»HBaerB 

CepB63Har0 BHHMaHifl H paSpafiOTEH CO OTOpOHU npaBHTeJLCTBeHHMXT> 

h ofimecTBeHHHXii opraHOB^ h npeccH; 3) hcoCxoahmo npnsnaTB He- 
otjtoshhm'b B3Aame seMCTBaMH o6a3aTeiBHMX , B nocTaHOBjremft bi» t&~ 
x&Yb 3amHTH cejBCKHX'B pafio^HXB otb pa8pymHTejn»Haro A*8cTBia 
ManiBH'B. 

Bb cboomt. o63opi mi He Monn ncqepnaTB h aojh t4xi> Bonpo- 



nPOftECCIOHAIBHAfl rHHEHA. 13 

cob-b npo$eccioHajiLHO& rarieHH, KOTopne b*b nepBtifi pa3x 6hjih no- 
CTasieHH Ha oiepeflB Ha nocjrfcflHeirB BcepoccificKoirB .cBfefli BpaieS 
n KOTopue npe^nojiaraeTCH noflBeprHyrB o6cy*,neHiio Ha npeACToamnx'B 

TeXHHH6CK0MB H TOprOBO-npOMHfflJieHHOM'B CB$3flaXT> bt> HnsHeinb- 

HoBropoAi. 3th Bonpocn bo3hhoh flaaeKO He cayHaiiHO, He Ha ocho- 
Bamn oahexi jhibb BpaiefiHo-caHHTapHHX'B coo6paa;eHift, ho 6oiibinyio 

HaCTB HX*B BHflBHHyiTB B6CB XOflT* np0MHnUL6HH0fi JKH3HH PoCCiH. AHa- 

jrorH^HHH xoaaTaficTBa, Kara h3b4ctho, eme paHBine KieBCKaro Bpa- 
^e6Haro CBfefla 6mh B036yaaeHH, HanpHMip-B, jioa3hhcshm , b oTtffcae- 
HieMT» ofinjecTBa coflifiCTBia ToproBHH n npoMBimjeHHOCTH, mockobckhm'l 
oCmecTBOMx juh coaMctbih h pasBHTia HaHj^asTypHOfi .npoMHmaeH- 
hocth, npo^eccionajiLHO-TexHHHecKHMH CFteAaifH bt> Poccia h t. %. 
Mothbh ,pa cKopinmaro yflOBieTBopeHia yitasaHHHX'B Biime xofla- 
TafiCTBT> 8aKJIlD?aK)TCfl H6 BT> OflHHX'B JHHHB $a6pHqHO-caHHTapHHx^ 

H3Gjii l a;oBaHiflX'B h MOHorpa^iaxx, ho ohh #ocTaBieHN eme bt> 6ojb- 

ffleifB EOJTHieCTBil CaMHMH $a6pHKaflTaMH, TeXHHKaMH H BKOHOMHCTaMH. 

IIo HopimpoBEi pa6o?aro #hh coOpaffB mockobokhitb MaHy^aKTyp- 
hhm*b o6mecTBoin> bo bc4xt> oTHomeHiax'B n,iHHHfi <|>aKTH?ecRift Ma- 
Tepiajijb, rjaBHHirL o6pa3oifL, no npaflHiBHo-TKaijKoft npoMHmaeHHO- 
cth, npn^eirB HMieTca bt> BH,ny H3^aTB ero OTfltjiBHo. CnenJajiBHaji 
KOMMHcia, o6pa30fiaHHaH npH Ha3BaHH0Mi> ofimecTBi bb Hoafipi 1894 r., 
BaKOH^Hja y«e cboh 3aHaTia h BupaCoTaaa npoeRTB xoaaTaficTBa no 
eTOMy npe^Mery. He cTaHein> b* jjaHHOirB cayqai KacaTBca cymHocrn 
caiiaro npoeKia, npeacTaBJEHromaro ^obojbho ckpomhbm Tpe6oBamfl. 
(coxpameHie pafioqaro ahh bb 11 — 12 tocobi, Bocnpememe ho*ihbixt> 
pafioTB bt> nepioflT* Me«Ay 10 ?ac. Be^epa h 4 iac. yTpa, conacHO 

CT. 123 yd. npOMHDLIieHHOCTH, H T. fl.) H B006llje CXOJ^HarO CT> 113- 

BtcTHHifB aofl3HHCKHM , B npoeKTOMi. HaHfioaBinee SHa^eme npe^cTaB- 
jraeTB totb $aKTB, ^o ofinjecTBO flifl coAiftcTBiH yjiyqmeHiro h pas- 

BHTiD MaHy$aETypHOft npOMHfflJieHHOCTH, oScyAHBB Bonpocn HOpMH- 

poBKi pafioqaro BpeMera, eme paHBme B036y»fleHia ynoMHHyiaro 
BHme xoflaiaflciBa Ha mecTOM'B nnporoBCKOifB cb43a* pyccKHXT* Bpa- 
HeS b*b KieBi, npnimio kt> cjrkjijjomjiwb 3aKJiK)qeHiflM^, kotophh mm 
h npHBO^HifB aocjobho: 1) ycxaHOBHBmaHCfl Ha 6ojbfflHHCTBt Hamnxi> 
(J)a6pHKT> npodoAOfcumeAtuocmb jpa6onaio dun dojiotcna 6wnb npu3naua 
cauulkomz sucokou; noBTOMy, bb HHTepecaxi npeflnpHHHMaTeieft h 
pa6oHHX , B, t. e. ez unmepecaxz comou npoMbnujiennoemu, caiflyerB 
scejiiaTB, ^to6h 6uin> n3^aH^ 3aK0HT>, HopMHpyiomifi pa6oqee Bpena ho 
tojibko senniHH'B h A*Teft, ho TaKse h BBpociMXT) My»qHHi>; 2) bt> 
rix-B npoH3BOACTBaxi mh oTpacJiaxi TaKOBHX-B, r^i pa6oTa OTJinqaeTca 

OCOfiOK) HHTeHSHBHOCTBD, HJIH T^t pafio^ie H6H364aH0, BCJiflCTBie 

cbohctbi caiiaro nponsBO^GTBa, nocTaBJueHU bt> oco6o bpoahuh Jim 
s^opobbh ycjioBia, npoAOJi»HTeiBHocTB pafionaro ahh floi»Ha 6htb no- 
'HHaeHa (^0 11 qacoBi bx cyTra). 

^ajite, Ha ycTpanBaeMOH'B no Buco^afimeiiy noBejiHiK) bo Bpena 
BMCTaBKH bi» HHaHeii'B-HoBropoA'b BcepocciftcKOifB ToproBO-npoMHm- 



14 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

» 

.jieHHOM'B ct&zrI, conacHO yTBepsflennoM 8 $eBpajra 1896 ro.ua mh- 

HHCTpOlTb $HHaHCOB*B HporpaMMi, HMteTCfl BB BH^y <npaRTH^ecKoo 

BHACHeme . Hysfli pyccKoft npoMHimieHHocTH* no meoTH OTAi-iaMB. 
Bb-b ofimaro rada 29 BonpocoBt, HaMiieHHHXTb fljia odcyayjeHia Ha 
CBfeflt, cb ToqEH spiHia npo<|>eccioHaj[BHo8 rnrieHH BOo6nje h $a- 
fipHTOofi caHHTapm bt> qacraocTH, ocofieHHaro BHHMaHia sacJiysHBarorB 
mecTB ot^4jibhhxt> nyHETOBi. no nepBoity h mecroMy OTfliay (no 
npoMuniJieHHocTH $a6pHqHo-3aBo,n,CEoft a peMecaeHHOft, a paBHO no 
TexHHqecKOMy ofipaaoBamio). Ho btem'l nyHKTaMX npeflCTaBMH yse 
cboh 3aKJiioneHiH nepBHfi e BTopofl npo$eccioHajiBHO-TexHiraecKie 
CB*3flu (b*b IIeTep6ypr4 h bt> MockbIj), nocraHOBHBB B03dyflflTB i$- 
joiS pa#B cnen,iaju>HHxi» xoaaTaficTBB. To se caMoe, KaKi, mh yse 
bh^ih, cfliiaHO h Ha mecTOMT, BcepoccificKOirB CBtofli Bpaqefi Bt 
•KieBi. TaKHMi odpasoarB, bc4 bth BonpocH bi Teope-raraecKOirB otho- 
meHin flocraTorao BHacHeHH cb camixi pa3Hoo6pa3Hkxi> to^be'l spi- 
Hifl, h A^flTeiflifB ToproBO-npoHunuieHHOft npaKTHEH ocTaeTca zrniib 
noABptnHTL n AonojHHTB B036ya^6HH£ifl yse paHbine xo#aTaftcTBa. 

nepBiifi nyHKTL o$$nn;iaaBHoft nporpav uh HHseropoflCKaro CLi3.ua, 
ycipaHBaeMaro flenapTaMeHTOM-B ToproBin h MaHy^aETypi, nofl* npea- 
cfe^aiejibCTBOMi, qjieHa coBfara MHHHcrpa $HHaHC0B , B, TafiHaro cob4t- 
HHKa #. 6. KoOoko, KacaeTca Heofixo.piiHX'B HSMiraeHift h aonoiHOHift 

B* fltftCTBjlOmHX'B y3aROH6HiflX'B npOMHIIUeHHOCTH $a6pH?HO-3aBO#- 

CBOfi h penecjieHHofi. DlecTofi sieBCKift cLfe^b Bpa^efl, mr* 6hio 
' yse ysasaHO Bume, RaTeropniecRi BHCRasaica no btomj npe^MeTy, 
noflo6HO BTopoMy npo^eccioHaiBHO-TexHrnecRoiiy CBfafly b* Mocrb4. 
MocKOBCKoe rnrieHH^ecKoe o6meciBO nopy<iMo Tasse cBoeiiy coBiry 
BHecTH na o6cysA6Hie HHseropo#cKaro <n>43fla cjrfc#yromta noiosema: 
1) npa ycTaHOBjeHin rocyaapcTBeHHaro nafl3opa 3a $a6pHRaMH n sa- 
BOAaiin seiaTejiBHO HasHaqestie jlhi^b cb HaflJiesameft $a6pireHO-CA- 
HHTapHofi no^roTOBKoft, no oco6oicy KOHKypcy, Kasx bto, HanpHMip*^ 
ycTaHOBjeHo %&& tohob'b <j>a6pHraoft HHcneKnjn bo $paHn;iH; 2)' se<- 
jaTejBHO AonojiHeme ct. 52 yd. npoMunui. npHMtqaflieMjb, wro npaso 
Ha cocTaBieHie odflsaieiBHUX'B nocTaHOBiemfi no oxpaHeHix> sh3hhh 
SAopoBBfl pa6o i 9HX'L, a paBHO no opraHnaai^iH M6Ahi];hhoroS noMonpi 
npHHaAAesHTB TaKse h seMCKO-AyuoRHifb y?pesA6HiflM , B no corjiame- 

H1K) CL ry6epHCKHMH H CTOJIH^HLIMH $a6pH^LHiIMH HpHCyTCTBiflMH; 

3) GesycjOBHO Heo6xo^HHo BKJioqeHie bi> cociaBB $a6pHqHnxT» npn- 
cyTCTBift npe^cTaBHTejeft ropo#a s seMCTfia, a paBHO MicTHoft 36mcko- 
^yMCKofl caHmapHoft opraHHsai^H, cb HSutHemeM'B peAaKn^H ex. 49 
h 50 ycT. npoKHnur. OcTajBHLia noaejiaHia MOcsoBOKaro rnrieHaqe- 
cKaro o6n^eeTBa HaMiqarorL Apyria oqepeAHHa Hys^s pyccEOfl npo- 
MumjieHHOCTH: no HS^aHiK) 3aE0Ha o&b OTBtTCTBeHHocTH sa yBiqta h 
npo$eccioHaj[BHHfl 6oji48HH, no ycHjeHbo ^ficTBin ct. 220 h ^p. 
ycr. upoM., o nopaAKi oo6HpaHia csi^Hifi no <J)a6paqB0 caHHTap- 
ffofi ^acTH, no corjrameHiD cb rHrieHH^ecKHMH o6mecTBaMH, cb ycTa- 

HOBJieHidlTB OAHOpOAHMXjb nporpaMlfB, BOCKpeCHOMt H npa3AHH?H0BTB 



npo$EcciOHAjn>HAfl rnriEHA. 15 

otamx* $a6pH<raHH> patiorax-B (nyrarB AeBaraft nporpaMMH HHKero- 
poACKaro CLi8^a). 

IlyHKTL pficaxuA nporpaMMH oSHHHaerb coCod uipu kb yay^rae- 
His forra pa6o^HXT>, no npeAynpesAemiD HecTOCTHHXB cjiy^aeBi, 
no o6e3neipHho pa6o?HT£ h hxt> ceMeficTB'B Ha cjryqafi cTapocTH h % 
HecnocofiHocTH Kt Tpy^y. Hsi TaKHx*B irtpi bb npotyaiiMi yKa3ii- 
BaroTca: 1) saccs c6eperaTeji»HHa (rooyAapcraeHHaro EaHKa), neHcioH- 
HHfl, BcnoMoraTeiLHUH, Bpa?e6Hofi nononqi h t. a-; 2) o6pa30Bame 
qacTHMii, cok)30B , b BUd^kjihi^eBTy npoMHnuieHHHX'B npeAnpiflTift am 
npeAynpeJKAema HecqacTHLixt ciyqaeBx cb pafio^HMH h npo<|>eccioHaiB- 
hhx*b 6ojrfc3Heft; 3) pacnpocTpaHeme noTpeCirreiBHHX'B TOBapnmecTB'B; 
4) ynpesAeHifl am B03BumeHia ypoBHfl yMOTBeraaro h HpaBCTBeHHaro 
pa3BHTia padoHHX'B; 5) anurua noirfcmeHiH; 6) cTpaxoBame pa6o^Hxi>. • 

Bee 8to Bonpocu, EOTopne a^bho yace pimeHH bi> 3ana^Ho- 
eBponeftcKoa npaETHRi, Kara mosho yft&AHTBc* H3i> eseroAHHXT> ot- 
h6tobt> repicaHGKHX'B h AP- $a6pH?HBiX'B HHoneKTopoBi, hsb nepioAH- 
^ecEHxx H3^aHifi no $a6pHTO0fi rmieH* h BcnoMoraTejiBHHMT. yipes- 
AemairB flJH paeo^HXi (Wohlfahrtseinrichtungen). KpoMi Toro, yae bb 
1890 roAy ' noflBHJiaoB HHTepecHaa MOHorpa$ia Post'a h Albrecht'a 
(Musterstatten personlicher Ftlrsorge von AAeitgebern fiir ihre Ge- 
schaftsangehSrigen) bt> abjyb TOMaxi, cb Maccoio pHeyHKOBX h *ep- 
Tesefi o6pasn;oBiix'B y^pes^eHift jyia. pa6oqnxx. Bb Poccia coBpeiieH- 
Hue ycirfcxH npo$eccioHajo>Hoft rarieHH h npinuiaAHOfi tgxhhkh a**© 
bi, Teopin o^ohb m aao hsbIhjthh, He cMOTpa Ha #aBHee cymecTBOBame 
ct. 221 h AP* ycT. npouBrnui., coAep*ameft npHMHH yKa3ama npeA- 
npHHHMaTejflM'L no yjyqmemK) $a6pHraaro 6iira. HnxeropoACKift 
Boepocciftosifi ToproBo-npoMHiMeHHHft obIisa'b, HecoMHirao, 6y^erB 
cm>co6cTBOBaTB 6oiBmeMy pacnpocTpaHeHiD y aacB b* Poccin cb4- 
A*Hi8 no <|>a6pH*Hoft $HjaHTpoiriH h BanaAHO-eBponeficKOMy pa6o^eiiy 
3aK0B0AaTejLCTBy. 

UporpaMMa a-roro crbiaj& bhobb BHABnraerB rt xe caMue Bonpocn, 
KOiopue jinniB He^aBHo o6cya^ajHoi> na npo^eccioHajiBHO-TexHH^e- 
ckoicb vbfopjh vb MocKBi, bt> PyccKOtfB 06mecTBi oxpaHOHia HapoA- 
Haro SApaBiH (no nopy^emro MOCKOBCKaro uaHy^asTypHaro o6n;ecTBa) 
h np. Pa6oro cneiqajiBHofl komhccIh 6hjh naneqaTaHii bi JKypHajrb 
Pyc. 06m,. oxpan. HapoA. 3ApaBia (1895 r. udjtb), cooToamaro noA'B 
noqeTHHMT> npeAoiA^TejiBCTBOM'B Bejinsaro khhsh IlaBjia AjieKcaH^po- 
BH^a, h npoACTaBJianTB paA*B hoapo6ho uoTHBHpoBaHHiix'B AOEiaAORi 
no ota^bhuitb Bonpocairc>. TaKOBH coo6meHia E. H ^eM6HTB6Ba — o 
HopifHpoBBi pa6oqaro AHa Ha $a6pHRaxi>; n. T. HeTpyeBa — o BJiiamn 
coKpan^eHia pa6oqaro %kz Ha npoHSBOAHTOJiBHOCTB Tpy^a; A. C. Bh- 
peniyca — Bpena, h6o6xoahmo6 xm yMCTBOHHofl skhshh pa6o?aro, h o 
BpeA* Horaoft pa6oTH; A. H. 9KKeprB — o $a6pH?Hoft a*ht6jibhoct5[ 

SOHntHFB BCtXB B03paCT0BB H T. A- 

.Bb HacTOflu^ee BpeMa ^aqesm-l npeACToan^aro b*b HHaraeM*L-HoBro- 
poA^ -ToproBonpoMunuieHHaro c^i3^a BHCJaHH yace ne^aTHue AOKjraAu 



16 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

no HaHiqeHHMirB bt> nporpamii Bonpocawnb. Ho etl coflepaaHuo, 
MoasHo Ha#6aTBca, q-ro, ct> npo$ecciOHaiBHO-rBrieHBqecEOfl tohke 
3piHia, pa6oTM HBseropoACKaro cifofla MorjTB 6htb BecBMa npo- 
jtyKTEBHN. Mh BnoMi npECoeflEHaeMca et> o6merrpHHaTOMy mh4- 
Hiro, ^to BcepoccificEaa BHCTaBEa noEasajna BcnojipHCEift pocrB pyc- 

CKOfl npOMLIHIJieHHOCTH, HO BT> HaCfc flOISHH B036y»AaTB ECEJimB- 

TejiLHHfi HHTepecB EyjiBxypHHO ea biote, o6sopy KOTopui'L uu mrfeetfE 
bi» BH^y nocBHTHTB h4crojibeo otj$jibhhx , b oiepEOB'B. Bi HacToamee 
ace BpeMfl nepeqECJOUTB joebil aaraaBia HaneqaTaHHHXi> yae flOEaa- 
AOBjb HHseropo^cEOHy ctisay no o6mBjn> BonpocaM*, paHBme yxe 
3aTpoHyTUH'L c^ia^aMH e yqeHHMH o6mecTBaME no bcJitb cneijiaaB- 
HocTflirL. Ki> 9Tofi Eaieropin oTHooflTOfl noApofiHira coofimema, hsoGb- 
lyiDnqa ip^pa^n h $asTHi6CRHMH yEa3aHiaifH: 1) EH».-TexHOJi. 
A. BsisoBa ($a6pn?Haro EHcneETopa vb CMOJreHCEoft ry6.) — <KaKi, 
o6e8neHETB BOCEpecmft OT^urL $a6pHqHtnn> pa6oqHMi>?> 2) hhs.- 
toxhoj. A. roaro(J)CKaro — cCoBpeMeHHHft $a6pOTHO-pa6oiifi b*b$h3h- 
qecKOM-L, yMCTB6HH0Mi> h HpaBCTBeHHOMT> oTHomemB; npHTOHH, no^- 
flepacEBaromia HOBHCOEifi ypoBBHB ero pasBETia, h irfipH et> notify 
ero 6jiarococToaHiH>; 3) BHS.-TexH. B. P»MHHa — «0 BOCRpecHOMT* h 

npaSAHH^IHOH'B OTflHXi $a6pBTCHHrL pa60^EX*B>; 4) EHK.-TeXHOJ. 

M. KoBaiLCEaro— Ha Ty se TeMy h apyroe coo6meme Toro ae ao- 
EJia^EEa <MtpH fljia B03BumeHia HpaBCTBOHHaro n yMCTBeHHaro pas- 
BBTia pa6oraxt»; 5) EHac.-TexH. A. OryjiBqBHCEaro — «0 BocBira-n 
AecaTH-qacoBOMt pa&raevB rw$> e BOcspecHOEi OT^Hxii paGoinxt Ha 
nHCHe6yMa»HHXi>$a6pHEax r b»; 6) JI.BopoHOBa— «06e3neqeHie pafioiEX* 
otb Hec^acTHHxi cayqaeB-B, 7) BHS.-Mex, A. MaEyjiBHa — «HecqacTHHe 
cjyqan cl pafioqEMB Ha $a6pBEaxTb e aaBOAaxi BaaflBMipcEOtt ry- 
6epHiH»; 8) CooGmeHie Toro »e aBTopa — cOcTpaxoBaniH paCowxt 
otb HecqacTHMX'L ojryqaeBi> Ha (JafipEEax-B e 3aB0Aax*L OjieccEaro 
rpaflOHaqaaBCTBa> (B^ 1894—95 rr.): 9) BHS,-TexHOJL K. Kpay3e — 
«0 BOCEpecHOifL e npasAEE^HOM'B OTfliixi $a6pHqHuxi> paCoqaxx*; 
101 TexHOJiora H. EapHniHHEOBa — «OBJriaHiB rpanpTHOCTE pafioqExt 
Ha yayqmeHie <j>a6pEqH0E npoHnmjneHHOCTE» (bt> OaoHeijEoft ryfiepHin); 
11) M. KoMMBecapoBa — i^TOHia flja paGoqax**; 12) M. OcMaaa— 
«Heo6xoflBMocTB yjyqmema HETaHia pafioiaro o6e3neqemeirB eMy 
bo0|[OShocte noj[B30BaTBCfl roi>fl^6D nHmefi»; 13) npEcas. noB^peH- 
Haro n. CoEOJiOBa — cO CTpaxoBaHiH pa6oraxT> itb Hec^acTHBrxi cay- 
^aeBx>; 14) A. n. HHEOJiBCRaro — «0 $a6pE^H0-3aB0^CEBX , B cSepera- 
tojibhhx'b Eaccaxxi h t. fl. Est* dtoTO nepoiEcjieHiH mohho HenocpeA- 
ctbohho y6iAHTBca, ?to pyccEaa npoMHnweHHOcTB, noBHABMOMy, fffe- 
jiaeTB ycnixH ho tojibeo bi ROHH^ecTBeHHoarB OTHOmeHin, ho hbi 
KaqecTBOHHOMx, b*b cMncxfe BHTepeca cnei^iaiBCTOB'B ToproBO-npoKHm- 
.JieHHoft npaETEEE et> npo$ecciOHaJbHO-rHrieHHqecKHiTL BonpocairB. 
HejiB3a TaEae ho OTMiTETb eAEHOAyniia e cbb3e Mea^y pa3JTEi- 
HUME oTpacjiEMit cneu;iaj[LHiix , B dEamfi na hoabi^ehceex'b, npo$$eccio- 
HajitHo-TexHflqecKHX'L h ap- CBis^axi. 9xo caMo no ce6i flBiaeTca 



HAfflE DPE^BAPHTEJlbHOE CJTBflCTBIE. 17 

Haaeraoft rapaHiiefi, hto HairiraeHHBM caiio© shshbk oiepeAHHA 
pe^opMH no ofiesne^emD rh3hh, 3flopoBBH h HpaBCTBeHHocra pa6o- 
miTh bt> Poccin noiyqan, Ha^iesamee pasBirrie, b*b ocoOohhocth bt> 
bhay H3BtcTHaro «HaRasa» MHHHCTpa (JraHaHcoBT. raHairB pe$opMH- 
poBaHEofl bt» 1894 roAy $a6pmHOfi HHcneRijiH, hm6Hho, c^to otb 
Ka^ecTBa Tpy#a pa6o^HXi> h nocTaHOBEH ero ** nau6oAn>e 6jiaionj)ixm- 
utAH ycAoeix saBHCHTB nponpfrraHie aameft iohoS, ho npoiHO*-co3HAaH)- 
menca $a6pH^H0-3aB0ACK0& npoMLnmieHHocTH>. 

A. B. noromeB-b. 



Hame npepapHTejibHoe ejrfeflexBie. 

i. 

Cyfli. h cyaefiaoe fliwo saHHiiarorB, wb pa#y flpyrHx* o6mecTBen- 
huxi> opraHH3an,ij&, coBepmeHHo oco6oe Micro h EopeHHiwrB o6pa3oirB 

OTJIHTODTCfl OTL BCiX* OCTaJIBHHX'B BHflOB*B 06n^eCTB6HH0ft fltflTeJIBHO- 

cth, KaKT> no cBoficisy cBoeft $yHEi#H bt> o6mecTB4, TaRii h no CBO- 
eMy OTHomemi) kt> »H3HeHHHirB ABjemaMT,, idasmi h saKony. Hirta 
jacfcio cb (J>aKTaMH yse coBepmHBmeMHca n npniaraa ki» hhitb orrpe- 
jtfureHia 3aK0Ha, cyfli ho BTopraeTca bi> fliBcTBHTejBHyi) shshb ny- 
TeifL Henocpe^cTBeHHaro BirimaTeaBCTBa, a BJiiaerB Ha HeesocBeHHo. 

2EbH3HB, fltflTeJBHOCTB rOCyflapCTBeHHHX-B H OGnieCTBeHHHX'B opraHOBi . 

h 6praHE3artlfi, 6opt6a sa cymecTBOBame bt> ^acTHofi c^ep-fc, noroHa 
sa ycnfaoirB h ciacTBeirB — HflyrB cboqitb lepeflOMi, memo cy#a e ero 
opraHos-B, He npHsaeEaa hx*b BHraaHia, #o Thx* nop*, nOEa bt> pas- 
Horojocoin, raiii sBTeftcEofi cyrojiOEH ho nocjumaTca Task hoth, 
KOTopua ysasyTB Ha Hapyraeme y^acTHHEaMH flBHseHia Hopui h 
noaoKeHifi,- peryjTHpyioniHX'L flBHseme h onpe^Junon^HX'B %m Hero 

H8B*CTHHfl- rpaHHI^H H $OpMH. To&BRO Bl» M0M6HTH TaRBXl Hapyme- 

Hift cyai bhxojihtb H3*B CBoero naccHBHaro cocToaHia h npoaBJiaerL 
cbod fliaTeaBHOCTB rkwh, to) ycTaHaBJHBaeTB BFfcmHifl, (^aKTHqecKia 
(J)opMLi Hapymenia h flaerB hmt, npaBOByro EBajin^HEai^iio. 3aE0H?HBi» 
ct> oabhm'b cjiy^aeMt, oht> BOSBpamaeTca ohhtb et» cBoeMy Ha6jra>fla- 
TejiBHOMy nocTy ao cjritoyDmaro Hapymema, h t. %. 

O^HaEO, D,tHa h 3HaqeHie btoA a^tojibhocth He Hcqepnu- 
BaioTca HenocpeACTBeHHoft ^yHEipeft cy#a — BOdCTaHOBxeHieirL Ha- 
pymeHHaro npaBa n sasona. BjiaHie cy^a haotl ropaa^o ^ajibma 
h ray6ace. ilMaacB e^HHCTBeHHiiM'B o6ntecTBeHHHjn> opranoxi, so- 
TopuA ne yqacTByen., East TaROBoft, wb HacTpoeHiaxx MHHyTH, 

EOTOpHft, CTOfl BTi CTOpOH* OTL flBHHeHia, pyROBOflCTByeTCH B1> 
M 8. Otx^a n. 2 



18 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

cBoen itJiTejcbHOCTH HCKJUtraHTeiBHO onpeflfcaeHiaMH npaBa H saKOHa, 
cy^-b iri^aBHa co3flairB flia ce6a cneijiaaBHyiD pcwn* riaBHaro npoBo*- 
Hnna in. ;kh3Hb Toro yBaxema Kb aaEOHj n npaB^i, Eoiopoe cociaB- 
MeTb canoe xapaKTepHoe ounqie nHBHM30BaHHaro o6mecTBa otb 
nepBo6ytHoft tomh. B*b 3aat cy^a ^exOBisi qjBOTByerB ee6a Ha 
iioiBt, uefirpaaBHoft, bh* bjuahU ofinKHOBeHHHX'L qeaoBiqecKHXt dpa- 
cTefl h tiHTepecoBii. 3a£cb, bt» cyflefiHNX'L pimeHtaxt h npnroBopax^, 
bi ii]ie;uuecTBy»D^HXT» hmt» cyfle6HHxi> npemax'B, fcaEB h bo Bceirc> 
xapam-epi cyae6Haro #kia, ohx ^epnaert onpe^aema npaBaro h ho 
npaearo, aaKOHHaro h ho 3asoHHaro. IIojiy^eHHue s^gb ypoRH oh'b, 
uhi rja Gesi HCHaro coaraaHia, npnaaraerfc Kb ^4iy, npoBOflHTB Bt 
xhshl, uponaraH^HpyerB bi cBoefi oCHwott SDTeficsoii d$epi. H Ta- 
kdm-l cu-jcoCoMtHa^aaa 3aK0HH0cra h npaB#u Me^JieBHO, ho nocTonrayo 
pacnpocTpaHHDTCH Bt TOJrai, flaa npaBOBoro pa3BHTia KOTopofi hotth He 
cymecTeyerB hhhx'b nyiefi. 3ia Biopaa poJB cy^a, KaKi».pa3caflHHKa 
saROHOutpiux'B noHHTift b*b o6mecT3t, HHiyTB He MeHBffle, a mo- 
xerfc Gbitb, h BasHie ero HenocpeACTBeHHUX'b $yHimii. Ilpa- 
bbjibho opraHH30BaHHufi cy/rB, b*b oco6ohhocth cy^t raacHHlt, JIM 
Bctx'b oiKpHTBift, 6e3i» npeyBeafraema hosotb 6htb Ha3BaHi> 6e3- 
fl-iaTHMin,, bc6m*b AOCTyoHUiTB HapoAHtuTB yHHBepcHTeTOirB, hs* ko- 
to paro jkuh Bcixt cooTOHflii h noiosemfi buhochtb ochobhhh Ha- 
nana rpaacaaHCKHXi npaB*B n ottoagHOCTefi. noHarao, ito SHa^eme 
ryja, noiosHTeJiBHuft hih OTpni^aTej[BHuft pesyiBTart erq /rfeaTeiB- 

HOCTH, HaXOAHTGfl BT> 3aBH0HM0CTH OTB OH) 0praH*3aD[iH, OTB rfxt 

ycjonitt, bt> ROTopBifl OffB nocTaBieffB, IIooKOiBKy BJdame ero MO- 
azerb Cmtb CaaroTBopHO npn npaBMBHOirB ycTpoftcTBi, HacroiBBO me 
cepBe3eH% Bpea*, KOTopuft oh-b MoxerB npiHecTH, ecaH fliaTeaBHOCTB 
ero oCciaBieHa HeyflOBaeTBopirreaBHO h Hepa3yMHO. ^toCh hohhtb 
bto. jjocTaTorao bchomhhtb nocatflma aecaniaiTia Aijtorfiia ne^aaBHCtft 
naifHTH iope$opMeHHaro cyaa. 

CooOpaaceHia bth o 8Ha*emH cy#a, Kara cepBeBHoi ofi^ecTBeHHot 
chjh, He upeACxaBJWDTB, KOHerao, HHiero Hosaro, h noBTopeme hxi 
bi. jpyroe Bpena 6ano 6h coBepmeHHo naiHiuHe h ^ase ho o^ohb 
yAoufii ■'. Ho mh SHBeifB, saseTca, bt> Tasoft HcxopH?eoKifi . nepioA^ 
Koraa He toxbro no3BoiHTejn»HO BUABnraTB TaKie Tpt)H3MH, ho h He- 
oCxoahmo no bo3moshocth qaH(e o6pan^aTB Ha hwb BHHMame o6me- 

CTBa. 

Bi HacToaniHX'B BaMiTKaxx mh Hirfiem> wb BH^y KooHyTBoa 

TOJLBKO O^HOIt) MOMOHTa B*B Cy^HOITB HpOHeCC* , HO MOMOHTa BOCBMa 

cymecTBeHHaro — HMeHHo nopaAKOBt npe^BapHTeiBHaro cai^erBia no 
yrojioBHHiTB fliaaMt. 

Bi, nocirtpEee Bpeiia onrtqeHO 6ujlo ho Majo ^aKTOBi, ysa3UBai>- 
miixi, Ha HeAOCTaTKH Hameft cjii^CTBeHHofi npoijeaypH. Oiohb hhtb- 

peCHO BHflCHHTB, BT» IdTB X6 HM6HH0 JTOKHTB HCTOIHHK'B BTHXl H6- 
^OCTaTKOBt. 

CltAOTBeHHBie nOpHAKH H6 6HJIH HeH3lrtHHHMH CO BpOMOHH H3- 



HA1I1E nPEABAPHTBJIBHOB CMACTBIE. . 19 

flaaifl oyAe6HHX , L ycTaBOB-B 20 Hoafipa 1864 r. nocjrfiAyi)fl*aa npaK- 

THKa H A0a0UHT61BH£Ui, TOCTHHH J3aK0H6Hifl B3MiflHJIH H npH6aBHAH 

o^eHL MBoroe kb Touy, hto 6hjk> A&ao ycTaBOMi» yroioBHaro cyAO- 

lipossBOACTBa. IIo&TOMy mh npeayi;© Bcero pascMOTpairB noeTaHOB-ie- 

Hifl cyAe6HtiXT» ycTaBOB'L, RacaK)nuaca npeflBapHTeitHaro cafycraia bt> * m \ 

hx-b nepeoHa'mMMom bba4. 3artm> mh BOCHeMca n03AffkaaiHx , B 

HacjKOOHiit bi> cjiiACTBeHfiuxi popaAaaxi. Tor^a Ham aerse 6yAerb 

OpteHTHpOBatbCfl Bt BOHpOCi: >A* CJltAyeTB HCKaTB npH^EHBI HGHOp- 

MaaBHHXB ABJieHifi, TaKB qacio o6HapysHBaBmHXca 3a nocjrtAHie roAH 
bt> Hameit> diACTBeHHOirB npoasBOACTBi — bi> nepBO&aiaibHfitxi jol 
npeAHa^epiaHiflX'B 3aK0H0AaTejo>CTBa, aaa* ohh BHpaauHCB bi> cyAefi- 
hhxi> ycTaBax'B 20 floaopa, aw so bt> tomt> aanpaBieara, ROTopoe 
npHAaHo 6bijko A&areJCbHocTH o6pasoBaHHHx r b Ha ocHOBaHiH cy#e6HHXi» 
ycTaBOBt ycTaHOBJteHifi, B4Aax>mHX , B-A**o npeABapirreaBHaro ciiAOTBia. 

n. 

3a^a^a yraiOBHaro cy^a Booome h npeABapBTeiBHaro cj&wtb'isl 
vl qacTHocTH cboahtch kt> to My, qTo6u otiHapysHTB h noABeprayxb 
HaKa3amp HapymaTera saKOHa. Ho saKOHOAaTeJiBCTBO o npeABapaTeiB- * 
hoh-b cjrfcACTBia He Moaerx orpaHaraBaTBca tojtlko ysasaHiaifH, icacaiomH- 

MHCfl OAHOft BTOft HeH0Cp6ACTb6HH0fi S&J&M ClAjifiUBeEBUTb A^CTBifl: 

KaKi> hh BpeAHH am o6mecTBa flapymeflia saaoaa npecTynHBKaMH, ho 
hhuh Mipii, npHHHMaeioifl jvul o6aapyseHia hxi, Moryn 6htb eme 
Bpe^aie, h npa OTcyTCTBiH H3BicTHHX r L rapamift, RhaxexbEOvib npeA- 
cTaBHTejeft ofimeoTaeaHoft Bjacra, BiAannuixi sto a**o» mosofb 6htb» 
Kpafoe HeyAofiHOD a jjaae onacHoio. HoBTOJry vb nepBLixt ase ma- 
roBi> yroiOBHaro npoijecca k* ochobhoA itfuni ero— o6Hapy»eHiH) bh- 
HOBHaro — npHB8om*a Apyraa ufrxb: oCcTaBHTL bosmoshhmh rapaffriaMH 
oaMaro BHHOBHaro h o6mecrao otb npoasBOM h Hacaxia ciiAOTBeH- 
hhxb h cyAefiHuxi opraHOBB. 3Ha*enie 9thxi» rapaaiift saiii- 
MaeTca BeoBMa HBCTBeHHO npa caMOMi. noBepxHocTHOirB SHaKOM- 
cxBt ox HCTopieft. IlepiOAH aaepra^ecKaro nporpeccaBHaro abhsohu^ 
cKa3UBaDTca Bcer^a ycsjiemeMt, ^ajBHifimeti paspa6oT£o£ cTaptixi* 
cjji % e6mix'b rapaHTift, coaAaHieirb hobhxi> h pobhebuitb oxpaHeaieM* t 

u^h bt> npHMiHeaiH ki TeKymefl a*hctbht6jbhocth. Bi> mohohtu na- 
^Hia o6mecTB6HHaro HacTpoeHia, HanpoTHB-L, oyn^ecTByDnua rapaflTia 
oTMtHHDToa, HacKOJtKO bo3mosho 6e8T» cepBesHaro pHOKa, h ru- 
BeHCTBytomee noioseHie noayqaerB jsjhxb o6flapy»eHia npeciynHaKa, 
cb KaKHMi, 6u ym;ep6oM , B zm o6mecTBa bto hh AOciarajiHCB; o6eane^ 
ueflHOdB jn^HocTH h yBipeHHocTB wb 8aBTpamHerB AHt TepaeTca," 
coa^aeTca aTMoc<J>epa lcaaofi to HeycTOftqeBocTH a paoTepaHHooTH. 
IIoJKOseHia ycTaBa yrojOBHaro cyAonpoaaBOACTBa ot&oohtcjbho 
npe^BapETOJiBHaro cntwiBia. paoaaAaBToa, cooTBtTcTBOHHO ABym> 
y&a3aHHUHi> n^UDti, Ha ABt BecBMa He paBHua ^acia. Mbhb- 
uiaH qacTB ipaKTyerB o npaBaxi a o6a3aHHociax f B cyAe6aaro cjdA- 

2* ' 



20 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

AOBaTejuc no npEEariH) Mipi. am o6HapyseHifl BHHOBHaro. IIo CMHcay 
9Tofi nacTH ycTaBa, cjiiAOBaiejiB npeanpBBEMaeTB co6ctb6hhok) bmctbid 

BCt liipU, EeofixOflBMNE AM npOH3BO^CTBa CJlt^CTBifl, 3a ecrjeio- 

qeHieMx t4xb, bt, kohx'l BiacTB ero noiosETejiBBO orpasBieEa 
3aK0B0MT>; oeb jsfljnRewb npHHEMaTB Mipn am co6paEia ^0Ka3a- 
TejBCTB'B h coxpaHeHia gi^aob'l npecTynjreEia, TaRB ate RaRB h am 
o6e3neH6Hifl Morymaro B03EHREyTB rpa*A&HORaro B3HCRaEia; mosotb 

npOBipflTB, AOnOJIflflTB H OTliiBflTB A*ftCTBifl QOJHI0H HO A03HaHUB0, k 

TaEse A^BaTb eft nopyqeBia; bb cjyqai conpoTEBieBia, BirfceTB npaso 
TpetiOBaTB coAiflcTBia rpasAaHcsaro h BoeHHaro EasaiBCTBa, a xaRace 

H OROJEBEHXB JODflfifL] MOSOrb IipOE3BOAETB OCMOTpU H OCBH^TeiL- 

CTBOBanifl, oChcre h bh6mre; npHBHBaTB noBicTROD o6BBBaeifaro 
eih no^BepraiB ero npnBOAy; npHHHMaTL no OTHomemD rb o6beee6- 
MOMy ictpu jyui BocnpenaTCTBOBaHia eMy jsjEosesifl orb cifyiOTBia-, 
AonpamflBaiB cBEA*Teaefi s npoESBOAirrB A03sasie qpesB orojbbhxb 
MOAeft. 

IlepeqHCjeEHHE aaKOHonoioaceHia, onpeAiaaiDEpfl ^ficTBia cjrt- 
AOBaxejui bb HETepecax'B o6sapyseEifl npecrynEERa, He aaRjno- 
naioTB bb ce6i EERaREXB oco6eHHOCTefi, npEoymnx'B hckjhd?ht6J[beo 
^craBy. ^behmb a&bbo npeABapBTejBBoe cjr&AciBie nojftsoBaaocB 
BctMH nepe^HCjeHHHMH cnoco6aME a*« pasnuicESEiE o6ctoet6J[bctbi 
yroioBsaro a***- Cb TOro BpeMOEE, RaRB cyAe6BHa HcnMTaHia oraeirB 
h boaoS, cyAT> 6osift otoihjih bb o6iacTB npeAasii, RopeEEHXB E3M4- 
HeHift Bt 8Tofi c$epi noqTE se npoH3omjo. H bb crapoirB cboa*, ro- 
TopuMB pyKOBO^CTBOBaicfl Aope$opMeEflHft oy#B, rb se npaBoa ne- 

peiflCftOEH EOHTE BB TOMTL SO BEA* fl JSfiOHQ EpE6jlE8ETeiBEO BB TOMB 

ace nopaAR*. ftBEsesie 3aK0H0^aTejBCTBa botth se saipoEyjo dToft 
^acTE npaBEAB e h&ieromb BHpaaEJiocB tfB KopeEEOMB ESMisesis 3a- 
ROEonoioseaift, cociaBaaDEjEXB rapaETUD A*a o6BEBaeMaro h oouBa- 
tojie npoTEBB npoESBOia e TesAesnio3EOCTE npoH3BOAamaro orfcACTBie. 
yse caMaa MEoro^flOieflEOCTB e j^eTMBHaa paspaSorsa aaROEpnojo- 
sesift dToro BToporo poAa bb ycTatffc aoKasiiBaeTB, tto 3aK0S0AaTejiB 
HpE^aBajEB EWb rpoMaAEoe, ECKJiio^flTejtBEoe 3Eaqesie. Oho e eoeeteo. 
nepe^HCJieHHua npaBHJa, onpeAtJUDE^E npaBa caiflOBaTeM, ^opny- 
jmpoBaEEi bb TaRoicB o6n^eifB, Eeonpe^eEEOMB bha*, ito, He 6y£B^ 
juijifiwb 'n^Jiofi cectohh orpasEqeflitt, BJiacTB e npoE3BOJiB ero se 
dsajifl 6m npeA^iOB'B, s oitl, bm^cto 6e3npECTpacTflaro co6EpaTeuif 
MaTepiaja no yroioBEOMy A^J, aBHJica 6li seorpasE^essHMB xo- 
dflESOMB Boero e bc^xi, hm4k>iii,hxi> RaRoe jib6o OTHOineHie kb crfiACTBiiD. 
Jim xapaRTOpECTERE noAoseflifl o6n^ecTBa nps seAOCTaTo^EocTE ra- 
pasTiS otb cjrbAOBaTeiBCRaro npoHSBOja, AOdaToqEO BcnoMBETB mhofo- 
TiECAOEsue Ra3ycu Aope$opMeHHaro nponuiaro, onflcassue bt> bocdo- 
MEsaEiflXB e BOcnpoB3BeAeflsue xyAosEERaME ciOBa e reote. Ha 
EaxAoin> mary BCTpi^aincL j^yTua cjiiACTBia, ECRyccTBeBHO coaAassuE 
eAHHCTBeHHO 8aTtMB, ^to6u 3anyTaiB TaRoro-To e BmiyqETB H3^ Hero 

HSBiOTEIift RJEIB; npEBieqeSlE Kb ttritAOTBiK) TaREX'B JLElSh, KOTOpMH 



HAlftE DPEABAPHTEJIBHOE CMflCTBIE. 21 

He flMiwrL pobho HHsasoro rt> homj OTHomeHia, ct> ntifliiH, ho Hirfe©- 
mHHH HH^ero o6maro cl npaBOcyjpeiTB. Ehb&io aaae, mo TaKoe He- 

BHHH06 ff&JIO, KSE'B BH30B1> H flOHpOCB CBHtffcrejeft, CJiyKHJTB HCTOTOH- 

komt» cojhahhxi floxoflOBi #ui cjrfcflOBaTejreft h TflsejmxB cTpa^amfi 

flJM 06UBaT6JIfl. 

TaKHMi, odpasoifB, bch oyn» pe<J>opifH 1864 r., no OTHomeHiro c& 
npe^BapirrejiBHOHj cjrfiflCTBii), 3aKJK)qaeTca bi> ycTaHOBaeRiH no r a,po6- 

HOft H CJKMBHOtt CHCTeMlI npaBHJTB 0TH0CHT6JBH0 npaB*B HU^B, npnxo- 
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22 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. * 

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maert cboh a**ctbui ao nojyieHia ocoCux'L nopyieHift. 

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HAffTE nPEflBAPHTEJBHOE CJM&flCTBIE. 2& 

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24 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. • 

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toitb ynasaHHOfi Tpy#HOCTH pacno3HaBama h4kotophxi> bhaobi npe- 
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HA1UE nPBflBAPHTBJIBHOE CMflCTBIE. 25 

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noHHTBiH'B h ^pyrHMi, npHcyrcTByiomHM'B npn o6hck4 jraupifB. 

IIopaAORi dbwoea o6BHHfl6Maro r^ caiflCTBiro H jh npHBO^a ero b*b 
cjyqai hchbrh oficTaMeHi i^^xhmx phaomt> h3b!icthhx'b $opMajn>HO- 
cTefi, ycTpaHflionarx'B, cb oaho& ctopohu, npoHssoji ncnojiHHTejiefi, a 
cb Apyroft — rapaHTHpyromnxt BOSMOSHyK) mafroctb npieMOBi no otho- 

HieHiD R'B OtiBHHfleMOHy. $OpMH BUBOBa npH 9T01TB HO HaM^HHDTCfl, 

RaRHX*B 6m 3BaHifi, qiHOBi h JiHqHHX'B npeHMyin,ecTBi> hh 6buh o6bh- 
HfleMue. Bt> cjyqai 6oi^3hh o6BHHHeuaro, Aonpocx ero aojksoh'b 
6htb npoH3BeAeH , B bt> ero SHTejEBcrsi. Tohho Tajuse saROVB onpe^t- 
jflexB no^po6HO h nopsAORi nepBOHaqaJBHaro gonpoca o6BHHaeMaro. 
Ilpes^e Bcero curbAOBaTejB ofosaffB AonpocHTB o6BHHaeHaro HeMeA- 
JieHHO h HHRaRx He nosse cyroKi> nocjrfe HBRH Bin npHBO^a ero. 
Ecjh AQnpocB He chatb bt, Teieme nepBiixi AB*HaAn;aTH qacoBi> 
nocji hbrh hjih npHBo^a, to o npH?nHax , B dToro AOJixeni Cbitl co- 



26 , PyCOKOE BOrATCTBO. 

ciaBJieHx npoTOKOJTB, Konifl EOToparo BHflaeTca ofiBHHaeiiOMy no ero 
TpefioBaHiro. Earn cjrfcflOBaTejB He npHdyflert Bt Te^eme cyTORi wa 
Aonpoca o6BHHaeMaro, to nomjia cocTaBiaerB ofo btoitb npoTOROJTB, 
h ofiBHHaeMHft BnpaBt ^an» noraijiH cboh ofitacHema, ROToptia h 
saHOCATca bt> npoTQROJTB, a o6xr H3i> o6*BHCHeHiH BToro oRaaerca, 
.ito o6BBHfleMutt saflepaaH* no onra6R* hjih Heaop$L3yir&Hii), xp no* 
jraiqa o6flsaHa ero ocbo6ojjhtb. CriflOBaTeaB He jioaaeFB flOMoraTBca 
co3Hama o6BHHfl6Maro ha o&femaHiaMH, hh yxzmpeHiflMH, hh yrpo- 

•3aMH HJTH TOMy HO,HO()HHMH M*paMH BHMOraTeJTBCTBa. ECJTH pCBHHfle- 

MHft OTKaaeTCH oTBiiaTB na Bonpocn, to cjrt^oBaTett, otm4thbi 

TOM* FB npOTOKOJlt, H3HCRHBaeTB flpyila 3aKOHHWfl CpeflCTBa Kb 
OTKpHTiiO HCTHHH. 

no oTHomeHiD r*b Raaaoiiy o6BHHHeMOMy ^oiaraa 6utb npHHara 
npn cjrt^CTBiH KaKaa m6o irfcpa jjjth BoenpenaTCTBOBama yuoHemn 
on> criACTBia. TaRHXi* irfcp* ycTaHOBJieHO mecTB: OTofipaHie BHjja Ha 
aHTejiBCTBO hih o6a3ame nojpiHCROi) o HeoTiyrcfc ex ir&CTa XHxeJtt- 
craa, OTaasa no^ oco6hh Ha^sopi noJinniH, or^a^a Ha nopyKH, B3a- 
Tie 3ajora, Aouamnifi apecrc, h Bsarie ho;tb CTpaay. 3aR0Hi nojjpofao 
periaMeHTHpyen>,— bt» RaRHx* ciyiaax* h npn KaKHTL ofiBHHeman 
mosotb 6htb npHHHTa Ta hjih apyraa irfcpa, a npn btoitb o6a3SBaeTB 
cjrfcflOBaTejia, npn H36pamH irbpu npetfraema, npHHHMaTb wb coofipa- 
aeme ne toabko CTporocTB HaRasaHia, ho Tarace coy npeflCTaBiaiy- 
maxca npoTHBi ofiBraaeiiaro yiras'L, bosmoshoctb CKpfim> cjrfc,pi upe- 
crynjueHia, cocroame saopoBBH, nojrB, BospacTB h nojiosesie o6bh- 
Haeuaro wb o6mecTB*. Ilpn saRjrareeHiH o6BHHaeMaro no^ CTpaay, 
cjit^oBaTejieirB cocTaBiaeTca ocofioe nocTaHOBieme, KOTopoe npej&HB- 
jsaeTca o6BHHaeMOMy bt» Te^eHie cyr-oR* co BpeueHH sa^epsaHia i 
bi> Konin AOCTaBJiaeTca bt> irfccro 3aRjnoieHia. 

Bcixi cbohxi A^ficTBiaxi cjrt^oBaTeJTB cocTaBJwerB npoTORona, 
KOTopue no^nHCBraaiDTca bc^mh npHcyTCTBynmHMH npn rka j&i- 
CTBiaxi jrinjaMH. Ctopohh HirfcrorB npaBO Tpe6oBaTB BH^a^H sonit 
npoTOROioBi. Korw cjrfcflCTBie orohtoho, cjrt^oBaTeJiB npeflMBjaen 
oSBHHaeMOvy npoHSBO^CTBO h 3aTtio» ofoaBiaerB o AaiBHtimeifB Ha- 
npaBJieHin rftaa. Ho ecin npn btoitb ofiBHHaeMHfi ysaserB hobbih 
o6cToaTejn»CTBa, Hirtronna 3aa?eHie j^ul npe^MOTa ^Lra, crt^oBaxen 

06a3aH*B npOBtpHTB HXl). 

OAHO H3*B CaVHX'B Cyn^eCTB6HHHX'B cpe^GTBi i&sl CopBfiH npOTHBl 

np0H8B0ja h aacHJria sasi vb c<J)ep4 npe^BapipreiBHaro cjrt^cTBia, 
TaK'B h BiflpynnrB ofijiacTaxi, cocTaBxaerB ycTaHOBieHHaa aaKOHorb 
cncTeva o6aaaoBaHia fftftcrBifi AOJSHocrHoro nqa hih y^pes^eHu 
h nopa^oKi pa3piraeHia Taraxi aajofii. YcTaBi vb btoitb oTHome- 
Hia ^aeTB camia nrapom npaBa bo*itb, %h HHTepeou Moryn 6htb 
HapymeHH. 06mee noioaeme, BBipaaeaHoe bi ct. 491, He ocraBJoieTi 
aejaTB HHiero 6oiBraaro. «yHa<5TByionua b^ jfejrt Mija, roBopHTB 

8T0TB 83K0HT,, UOrjTk npHHOCHTB »aio6u Ha BCHROe CXt^CTBeHHOO 

fltftcTBie, Hapymaion^ee hjih crtcHanniee hx*b npaBa >. Pa^B ^aAHtfl- 



HAfflE HfEflBAPHTEIIBHOE CM^CTBIE. 27 

* 

idhxb nocraHOBJieHifi ycTanaBraBarorB noflpofiHocra nopaflRa o6«aao- 
BaHifl. 

Hain> ocTaercfl KOCHyn»ca eme oflHoro Boupoca bhcoroS BaaHOCTH, 
hmbhho Bonpoca 6 nojroaeHin cjr&aoBaTeM — Ha norafc saROHa, ro- 
Heroo — no OTHomeniio rb pasHEWb opraHaw-L Bjacra, cb rotophmh 

6MJ IlpHXOAHTGfl HMitB ff&JK) npH np0H3B0flCTBi CJAflCTBlfl. OTHOmeHiH 

ero wh cy#y onpefl-fcaattTca BecBMa toiho h BHpaaaroTCH bb KdHTpoii 
cyaa npn pascMOTpiHis BcaKaro poaa sajio6i Ha ero AificxBia. Bja<m> 
cy^a, KaKi» HenocpeacTBeHHaro ero Ha^aiBHirea, BupasaeTca bt> OTirfcHi 
irpHHATHX'L hmb no oriflCTBii) M'fep'L h, bt> RpaftHHXB ciyiaaxB, aaae nepe- 
fla*rfc cjrt^CTBiH apyroiiy cilwmaTeiH). n noBOfly ffhftciBift cjrfcflOBa- 
T6JH cyAOMx mosotl 6htb Bos6ysA6HO flHcipniJiHHapHoe hjth flaae yro- 
joBHoe npoTHBi, Hero npecji^OBaHie. Ho Bee bto boskoxho tojebro 
Tor^a, *KOr,a;a BonpocB o flificTBiffXT> ero BoafiyKjeHi hih acaaoGott, 
bjh npe^oseHieifL npoKypopcKaro Ha#3opa. HenocpeflCTBeHHo BTop- 
raTBcs b*b cjrt^cTBie, bh* bthxb nyTeft, cyjb npaBa He Hurier*, aa 
ne HMtert h bo3mo»hocth. Ctsjo 6htb, h nocaraoBeHift cb 8TOft cto- 

pOHW «a CaHOCTOHTeJTBHOCTB CJrfcflOBaieiH 6htb He MOSTCTB. 

AjMHHHCTpaH,ifl BOOdme H HOMIflH BB 0C066HH0CTH HOCTaBJieHH 

danoHOMB no OTHomeHiiD kb citAOBaTeJD bb Tasoe noaoaeme, to) 
BJiiflHie hxb Ha HanpaBneme cjr&flCTBia mosotb hm4tb ii*cto tojbro 

BB ECK-3H) T IFTejn»HIJX r B CJiysaaXB, BB CHAy IHPfflHX'B CBOftCTBB CJThjty- 

BaTaaa. 3aROHHoft hohbh aaa Tanoro Bjriama yoTaBB He aaerB. Aamh- 
HHCTpan;ifl o6a3ara ncnojraaTB saKOHHua Tpe6oBama wrii,noBaTeM, a 
norania npoH3Bo^HTB fl03HaHia, nepe^aerB hxb cxfeAOBaTeano h 3arfMT> 
HcnoraaeTB ero nopy^enia no cofinpaHiiD cb*a4hUI h poaiicRy. ^py- 
roro y^adia pb caiflCTBiH h OHa He HirfcerB h hmIitb ho Moxert. 

IIocMOTpHMT>, nasoHei^B, KaKOBo no saROHy nojioaeHie ciiflOBa- 
TeiH othochtojibho e^HHCTBeHHott bmcth, npHHHMaiomeft HenocpeA- 
CTBeHHoe y^acrie vb cjr&jiCTBiH, — npoKypopcKaro Hajpopa. IIo otho- 
meHiH) kb nepBOHy h caMOMy BasnoMy aRTy criflCTBia, B036ys#e- 
Hi» h Haqajy ero, post npoRypaxypa, KaKB mi BHflfara, aobouho 
CRpomaa: npeflJioaceHie npoKypopa aBiaeTca oahhkb hsb uhth 3a- 
kohhux'b noBOAOBi wi Hawrifl cjrh^CTBia. H npn btoxb noBOAB btotb 
ho HirbeTB HHsaRoro npeHuyqecTBa nepej^B ocTai[BHUHH nerapBMa 
TaRHMH se saKOHHHMH noBo^aMH. KaKB TaHB, TaKB h npn npoKypop- 
croitb npeAioseHiH, cjrtnoBaTejB ho tojbko ho ofiasaHB, ho h He 
HirberB npaBa npHcrynHTB kb cjijjCTBiro, ocjth bb $aKTarB, HdJioseH- 
hhxb bt> npe^ioseHiH, ho 3aM»qaeTca ocHOBania j&b. cjii^CTBia, t. e. 
codaBa RaRoro jih6o npecTynjiema. npn^eicB BepmHTeietfB Bonpoca — 
cymecTBy»TB ah bt> ^aRTaxx npeAJoaeHia npHSHaRH RaRoro ih6o npe- 
CTynJieHia — hosotb Ohtb tojbko cit^OBaTejiB, MHiiiie h pacnopaseHie 
KOToparo bb 9TOMT,, kskb h bb ApyiTOB cjyqaaxi» cit^CTBia, hosotb 
6bttl OTMiHeHO exHHCTB6HHo cy^oMB BOJit^OTBie acajioCs. IIpH np0H3- 
Bo^cTfii yse B08HHRmaro cjii^cTBiH, BsaHMHsa OTHomema nponypa- 

TypH H (UrtAOBaTeiH pHCy»TCa B t TaROlTB BHffi. IIpORypOpH HM*H)TB 



28 pyCCKOE BOrATCTJO. 

npaBO upHcyrcTBOBaTb npH Bcixt caiflCTBeHHHX'b xbicTBiax'b h pas- 

CMSTpHBaTb Ha Midi nOJJJHHHOe IipOH3BOflCTBO, H6 OCTaHaBIHBafl, 

>;inaKO, xo^a cjrfwrBia. Ho BciifB npeflMeTairb, OTHOcanpiiea e% H3- 
■ rlioBaHiio npecTynjreHia h ki> cofipamio flOKasaTejbCTB'b, caiyjoBaTeab 
nenoiHaerb 3aK0HHtAH Tpe6oBaHifl nposypopa; a npn h6bo3MOXhocth 
ncnojHHTb hx^ yBiflowaeTb ero o&b btoitl. Ilpn apecTOBamH o6bh- 
HjieMaro, cjr&flOBaiejib ofo ocHOBaHUDTb TaKoro paenopaaema yBi- 
lOMiaerb fijinaaftmee jihijo npoKypopcKaro Haasopa, Koropoe mosotb 
TpeooBaib npHHHTia Mefffce cTporoft irfepn; xaRae yBiflOMiaeTb h o 
iT|»:r'iHHarb f no KOTOpuMt He BWTb mh ocBofioajjeirb hsx no^b dpaan 
o6BHHHeMun B'b H3Bicraaro pojja cepbe3H0irb npecTynaeHiH. Ho xora 
nposypopi h HMteTb npaBO npeflioraTb o 3a#epaaHie ofiBHHaeMaro, 
odaBieHHaro Ha cBo6ofli mh ocBofioa^eHHaro hsi nofli* arpaan, opaio 
ecjiE cat^OBaTejib He coraaceffb vb TaKHirb pacnopaaeHieirb" to, ho 
hchoihhh ero, npeflCTaBaaerb o Toirb cy^y. HpoKypop-b Moaerb Tpe- 
6oBaTb AonoiHeHifl caiflcrBia no cfliaaHHNirb Hin» yKaaaHiaM'b, xots 
6h cjrfyjoBaTeJb h npHSHajrb caiflCTBie KomeHHHM'b. 

H3-b eioro nepe*raa npaB* npoKypaTypw b* nepio^ npoHBBOflCTBa 
rlacTBk npeacraBaaeTca oieBHfloHin*, uto 3asonx, onpeaiaaa cb 
ToqHOOTbio dTH npaBa, coBciifb ne HMfun> bt» BHjiy aaTb eft oco6oe 
^oMHHHpyioniee noaoaeHie h vb ocodeHHOcni npejjocTaBHTb npaso h 
bosuoshoctb nponsBOAHTb Ha calUoBaTeaa A^BJieHie n #aBaTb Hanpas- 
jieaie crt^cTBiro no cymecTBy. Pojib en HciepniiBaeTcaea noaoae- 
Hieu^ CTOpoHH narocb npaBO ea, Kara npeflCTaBHTeabHHiju HHTepeca 
rocy^apcTBeHHaro. 

TaKOBH bi> ofaiHXb lepiaxi t& ycaoBia, KOTopua co3^aHH y<rra- 
bomi #aa npeABapHTejn>Haro caiflCTBia. HoApo6HHft , nrb anaarab 
He icoserb He npnBecTH kt> saKinqeHiio, ?to npaBa oSBHHaeiiaro h 
oomeoTBa B'b flocraioiHoft cieneHH rapaHTHposaHH saKOHOirb, h ito 
ptaEin Hapymema bthxi npaBi hovth h6bo3moshm, ecan bo* opranii 
juacTH, Hirtromia oTHomeme k% caiflCTBiro, HcnoaHarorb bhoih4 npa- 
jiqjilho cboh o6a3aHHociH. Epeaae scero, Coawnaa ^acn» cri^cTBeH- 
HbTxi> fltftcTBiS, paapiraeHHHX'b caiy^BaTeaiD, coBepmaeica Ha na- 

:nvb nOCTOpOHHHXl JTH^, npH nOJTHOlTb CBfrrfi ^HH. 06n^eCTBO, 

n iHut noHHTHX-b, cBiAym^xTi JiBfleft, npHHHMaeTb ^areibHoe 
y^acrie vb caiACTBin h ofijie^ieHO npaBOMi BBipasarb wb hJko- 
Topuxi ciyiaax'b CBoe MHime. ^aBaa cbod no^nncb no^b npoTO- 
\rb ocMOTpa Hifl ofiHCKa, ofiHBaTeab no^TBepsAaerb co^epsaHie 
ero h, eojiH noaeaaerb, HirteTb npaBO oroBopnxb cboo Heconacie vb 

H31Q26HHHMH B'b KOMI 06CT0HTeJ[bCTBaMH HIH BHBOflaHH, Ha Q^y^at 

npniicHeHia hie npoH3Boaa, oho BOopyaeHo npaBOirb aaio6H Ha ffbft- 
ctb\& cjii^oBaTeia. Bee cjr£#CTBie, orb Haqaia ^o KOHn;a, nponaBo- 
: stTca bi npHcyTCTBin ofiBHHaevaro. HoaoaeHie — HHRaRHXi TB&wb 
orb ofiBHHaeMaro, Bee Ha ero raasax*b — ^ojcbho 6bETb, no mhcih sa- 
K'-ua, nojtoaeHO wb ocHOBame cjrtja,eTBia. H dto Tpe6oBaHie spacHot 
hutbio npoxoffHTb qpesi bod ^acn* ycTaBa, TpaETyromyB o dt^craiH. 



HA1UE DPEABAPHTEJBHOE CJ^CTBIE. 29 

CjrtflOBaraiiB, mHpoKO noHHMaromlft cboh oGasaHHOCTE, pasyMfomift 
He tojbko cmhcjtb orjifkjihuuTb CTaTefi, ho h ofintfa, npHHi^HniajiBHUH 
TpefioBania 3aK(raa, aoaseH'B pyROBOflCTBOBaTBca stem* nojioaeHieifB 
npn bchkomb mart ciiflCTBia. H6o HaHJiy^meft rapaHTieft npaBBJiBHo- 
cte flificTBift, 668npHCTpacTHaro OTHomeflia kb fliay Heo6xo^HMO cqn- 
TaTB npHCjTCTBie npn BctxTb AiftcTBiax'B Tanoro raja, ROTopoe Beno- 
cpeACTBBHHO h riyfioKO 3aHHTepecoBaHO pe3yjn>TaT0JrB /r&ficTBiS h ho- 
xo^omt> #4aa. ^eiOBtay cBOflcTBerao CTpeMjeHie pa3T>aoHHTB fffcao bo 

TTO 6U HE CT&IO, OKJIOHHOCTB CTpOflTB BHBOflH Ha HeflOCTaTOIHHX'B A&H- 
HHXT>, C03AaBaTB Ha HOTO& B03U0SH0CTeft KapTHHU, CB0T6MH, yBI6- 
KaTBCfl TaKEMH RapTHHatf E E CHCTeMSMH E TeHfleHfjiOBHO, AOKTpHHepCKH, 
XOTfl fl BHOJffli A06pOCOB*CTH0 3 rHJTL CJltflOTBie BT> H3B*CTH0M1> fia- 

npaBjieHiH. Ilpa btomt, caime $asTH, ocBtmesHiie bt> yirt. (ur&flOBa- 

T6JES np6AB3flT0ft CH0T6M0&, MOryTB 6lTTB EpeflCTaBJteHH B*B CJlt^CTBiH 
COBC&ITB E6 Vb TOMl> BEflt, SaKOft HmAK)TT> BT> A4fi0TBET6J!BH0CTH. JIjH- 

iuhmt> cpe^cTBOMi a*h npeaoTBpameHia TaKOE OnaCHOCTE CJHyaHTL 
npfloyTCTBie o6BHHfleuaro. Oh* craniKoirB saBffrepecoBaH'B b* pesyjB- 
TaTaxi> cjt^CTBia, ito6h He yxaaaTB Ha yBJieqeme, Ha TeHfleimiiD e 
He cBHrpaTB TaKEirL o6pa30Mi> pojt soppeKTopa, B03Bpama»maro cjA- 
AOBaTejfl H3T> o6jacTH ^aHTasin, cect6boi, Ha noqsy KhftoTBETeiBHO- 
cte. J^a e KpoMi Toro, xapaKTep* Taftsu npn crtflCTBifl coBcfatb He 
BflseTCH ci> o6n^EHE HaqajaMH CBiTa h nacHocTE, nojoseHHUME bt» 
ooHOBy Beet oyae6Hofi pe^opuu. 3th naiajia Ba«HU He tojbko rim*, 
*rro cocraBJiHDTB jyunyx) rapaHTiio npaBEJBHOCTE cy.ua, ho Tasse h 
t$itb, eje, Moaen> 6htb, eme 6o*4e r&irB, vro co3AaDTB ;jm Hero 
vb riaaaxx o6mecrBa to AOBtpie h cHunaTuo, RaKHHE se hoibso- 
Baica y Hao* Aope^opveHHui cya*. Koiy aoporo bto flOBipie ofimeoraa, 
9to yBaseHie e njtb se 6aaroroB*Hie r*b cy#y npaBOMy e Heanije- 
npiflTHOMy r totb He nosBOJiHTB ce64 coxpasflTB TafiHy #a»e Tain>, 
r^i 9to paspimeHO caHHjn> saKOHOinb. Yhtb ecu Ha^o flonycTETB yBJie- 
ieHie, to AonycKafi ero wb HanpaBJieHin cBiTa, a He TaftHU. npn- 
cyTCTBja npE cit^cTBin, oCfiEHaeifufi HMierL bo3hoshoctb gj^ahtb 
3a BctMH ero nepEneTiflME e bt> sasAoirB nojioseHin aaaBjaTb cboh 
TpefiOBtyEiifl, yAOBJieTBopeHie kotophxi> o6H3aTeABHO aie (urb^oBaTejui, 
ecjH 9te TpeOoBaaia HMittTB OTHomeme ri pfay e He hm^dtb xa- 
paKTepa npa3AHBixi <J>aHTa3iti. Hept^KO 6uBaerB, who cjrbAOBaTejiD 
npEXO^flTCH npofldBOAETB rt mb ^pyrifl cjiiACTBesHHH A*flcrBiH iia- 
jioro otb otiiraHaro MicTa upoH3BOACTBa cjiACTBia, e Tor^a no Heo6xoAu- 

MOCTH npEXOAETGfl A^CTBOBaTB BT, OTCyTCTBlH 06BflHHeMar0, TaKl KaK/B 

BU8UBaTB nodtAHHro, a bt> oco6eHHocTE nepecHJiaTL ero, ecJH oui> 
coAepsflTCfl iiOKh apecTOMB, conpaseHo EHor^a cb HenpeoAOJHMbiMu 
BaTpyAHGHiaMH. 9to ocoCohho Hysno cRasaTB o t^xb ciyqaflXB, Ror^a 
npaxoAHTca o6pan^aTBca kt> ooAtficTBi© ^pyroro ciiAOBaiejia js^b a°- 
npoca OBEAfrrejeft ejie hhmx^ j^cTBifi bi Apyroft rySepflin, HHorAa 
3a Mfloro cotoht* Bepcrt otb ^ c ta npoaaBOACTBa cjr&ACTBifl. HJia Ta- 
kexi cjiy^aeBB 3aK0Hi> h yc^^ tf AB3isBaeTi> Tpe6oBame, qTo6u nosa- 



30 PFCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

3aHia CBHflifaieft, flonpomeHHNXi b*b oTcyTCTBin otiBHrneuaro, a Tasace 

H npOTOEOlM BCHRHXl ApyrHXl CjrtACTBeHHBIXX fltftCTBift npejraBM- 
OTCB 6My, H TaKHMX 06pa80M'B npeflOCTaBJUUiaCB B03MOSHOCTB flaTB CBOH 

oGtacHeHia n npeAMBHTB TpeSoBaHie o coCpaHin hobhxi CBiy$Hift, 
Hiriix>inEr& oTHomeflie at coepaHHiorB 'flaHHHiri. flaiie, npn 3aRj»- 
qesdH cjrt^CTBia, o6BHHaeMOMy npefliaBJiaeTca boo iipohbboactbo i$- 
jihkomx; ecra oet> rpaMOTHufi, Bci AOKyMeflTU a4*a Moryrt 6htb hmt> 
npoiHTaHM h B8BtmeHU; a ecjB He rpaMOTHufl, Bee upoH3BOACTBO npo- 
^HTHBaeToa ciiflOBaTeiieMi>, KOTopufi HecoiraiHHO otoafft h pasrac- 
hhtb eMy 3HaqeHie h BaasnocTB BuaoHOHHux'B cit^cTBieMt o6cToa- 
TejBCTBX. CepB68Hu£ cmhcjtb BToro nocaiAHflro cjrfeACTBeHHaro a&Ta 
noHATes'L ca*u> co6od. #aa qeaoBiraa, He3HaR0*aro vb curitocTBieM*, 
, a bi ocofeHHOcTH nonasniaro bt> noaoaeHie o6BBHfl6Maro bi> nepBHtt 
pa3i», H6AocTaTO<rao Aa»e npacyTCTBOBaub npn cji^cTBeHHUxt flift- 
cTBiaxx, hto6h uojiyqHTB acHoe npeflCTaBJieme CTeneHH onacHoenr 
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HAHIE nPE^BAPHTEJBHOE CJJfcACTBlE. 35 

f 

seMJH bo BcaKoe BpeMfl. CayseSHoe noioseme bthx-b sairtcTHTeieft 
cjt^oBaTeifl h OTHomeHift hxt> r*b BjaoTHirB, c-b rotophmh ohh 
conpHRacajiHCB, 6imh no hcthh4 TparcrcecRia. Cya* OTOflBHraaca 

OTb HHX*B, HO (TCHTaJTB KTb CBOHMH COTOBapHIOaMH, TaKT> RaRT> 

Wb wrb cjyacetiHOirL nojomemH ho 6luo HHiero cy/jeflcKaro, ohh 

6iMH IHHOBHHRaMH MHHHCTepCTBa. HpORypaTypa, CT> CBOed CTOpOHH, 

TaRse He oiohb 6raa pacnoiosena kt> hhitb, noTOMy ito, iotb ohh 
h 6kuh HHHOBHHRaHH MHHHcrepcrBa, ho no CBoeii rjaBeHCTBynnpft • 

POJH BT> CaiflCTBiH MOMH H0JIB30BaTBCfl SHaTOTOIBHOft OTb npORypa- 

TypH CaHOCTOflTeJIBHOCTBX) H HlrfUH HOIHyi) B03M0JKH0CTB, GTOfl Ha '] 

uoib* saROHa, npranHHTB ei ho Maao xjeouotb. Ho TparrairB hojio- 1 

sesiH 3aKJHoqajicfl b*b toot* naBHfiurB o6pa3oirB, *ro, npn on,iHKi J 

AiftcTBifi bthxb cit^oBaTejieft hoboh ^opxai^H, cy^B h o6h^6ctbo * ' 
Tpe6oBajH otb hhxi> rkxb cboActb-b, KOTopHa npeanoiaraeTB bt> hhxt> 

SaROHB, BT KapajH 3a He^OCTaTORl 9THTB CBOSCTBT*, 3a nOAaTJIHBOCTB ; 

bt> dopoHy npoRypaTyps h o6BHH6Hia; a npoKypopcKifi H^sopi h 

3a HHITB HHHHCTepCTBO R00HJHCB, a HHOrfla H npflMO CTaBHIK RpOCTB, 
8a He^OOTaTOR'B BTOft S6 nOAaTJTHBOCTH H BORJOHOHiH 6yRBi saROHa. 

Oraao 6htb, Ry#a he rhhb, Be8fl4 rjihh-b. nojy^HiocB HeBosHOSHoe 
nojioaReHie ?e*0tffeRa, uocTaBaeHHaro bt, h6o6xoahkootb .HepiflRO cTa- 
bhtb Ha RapTy cBoe ciyse6Hoe nojorceHie, ecra owb seaaqrB bh- 
nojrHflTB CBoe #fcjio no cob4cth. Tanoe HOHopMaiBHoe h raseaoe no- 
AoaceHie CRa3HBaeTca, rohoiho, b* bhcoroA creneHH HeyflOBJieTBopH- % 
T6J1BH0 RaKi Boofime Ha HpaBCTBeHHOMi ypoBH* ciiAOBaTejiefi, TaKT> 

H Ha OTHOmOHiH HTb Kb CBOOHy A^y: OHH TOpfflDTB HpaBCTBOHHyi) 
CBH3B CT» CB0H1TB flfooiTB, nepOCTaiDTB flOpOSHTB HHL H OTpOHflTCfl H6- 

peiiTH, bo ^to 6h to hh CTaao, bt» noaoaeeHie fiojrte onpeaiaeHHoe h, 
catjOBaTeJiBHo, 6oiie ycTofiiHBoe. 

Eoih cpaBHHTB, Ha norafc 3aR0Ha, noJioaenie, HanpHMtpT>, TOBa- 
pnma-npoKypopa, cy^i>6a ROToparo hotth bch ^jthkomt> bi> pyKax'B 
HaqajibCTBa, ex noiHUirB caMocTOHTaiBHocTH h AocroHHCTBa nojiose-. 
mewb cjrfeAOBaTejia, to TpyAHO AonycTHTL, vto&k y nooii^HHro Mona 
HafiTHCB oxoTa noirtHflTLca ct> nepBiiirB aojkhocthmh. A Hes^y t&itb 
nepexoAi> b*b TOBapHma npoRypopa cocTaBJuierB BeoBHa shboo box- 
AejtHie qyn> He jma. Ras^aro cjiiAOBaTeja. M nepexoA^ stotb Aase 
cqsTaeTGfl noBumeHieicB b*b cjyse6H0MT> CHHart. Ilpn TaROirB B3riHff6 
Ha CBoe jiMo, cumui gboo nojosceHie tojibro nepBOD OTyneHBD 
A-aa AaiBHtfimaro ABHseHia, oitAOBaTejib He mosotb, o^obhaso, ao- 

POSHTB HH CBOHMH npaBaHH HO CjtACTBiK), HH CBOHMT> CJEyse^HHlTB 

flocTOHHCTBOM^. Cji*ACTBie noayqaeirB ^ih Hero nrepecL toibro Rani 

B03H02RHOCTB BHRa3aTB CB06 yCepA^ H UOUaCTB BT> TOFB TfelTb, OTB 
KOrO OHT> M0S6TB S^aTB B6IHR1H V fioraTHH HHIOCTH. TpyAT> CJ^AO- 

BaiejH, shboo ero ji&io, noct^a^Hoe o6meHie ct, sh3hbd h jkhblimh 
jhoa^mh, — CBOficTBa, cocTa^w <q\B)& BHCORyro npejiecTB h HHTepecB 
BToro A^a, — oh*b cb fipeaj* , -*jtb ^bctboitb Ha^HHaerB c^HTaTt 
TpyflOMi HeiHCTonjroTHHMi, A^ ^aiSo^wrB h BSfljixaTB o qacTOMi, 



36 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Kafl^eJTflpCKOM'L Tpyflt TOHOBHHRa. OflHHMB. CJOBOMB, ^HHOpHHKl H JBKift 

KaptepHCTt 3aM*HfleTT> A^aTejia h cjabk). Toro jjyxa cjryseHia #liy n 
fijHHHeMy, KOTopHft oTABJLdjrb Rorfla-TO hotth BcaRaro cyae6Haro i*a- 

TeJfl, He^ierO, R0H6TO0, HCRaTB BB 8T0MB TOOTeHBROlTB, M6JR0- 
©rOHCTHTOOMt TOHOBBHR*... 

,H,ypHO npa btomx 6hjio eme OflHO o6cToaTej[BOTBO, KOTopoe npa6a- 
bhjo rt> noJOffiGEijBO coBpeMeHHaro GiiflOBaTejiH, h 663% Toro aocTa- 
• toiho TaaejioMy, eme HOByro iepry, ycyry6jraromyiD *ry TaaecTB. 
KaKi» uu bh/jIuib Bume, pojB npoRypopcKaro Hajpopa npa artflCTBia 
He OTAHqaeTCfl oco6ok> mapoTOio; oCasaiejrBHOCTB npe^ioseHit ero, 
bb ROTopoM'B BupasaeTca ero aRTHBHoe yiaorie bb asi^cTBiH, o6yciou- 
MBaeTca hxt> 3aR0HH0CTBi>; paapimeme Bonpoca o tohi, aaROHHO-JiH 
Aaraoe npe^oseHie hjh h&tb, npEHa^e^erB, KOHenHo, cj^osaTejio. 
Eo'sTOMy BiicrynaTB b*l jifak ex o^HitfaflBHHiiH npe^oseHiaiiH, 
saRJUD^aromBiiH b*b ce64 BTopaceme bb c$epy npaBi> ciiAOBaTeaa, 
npejucTaMajo %m npoRypopoBi 3HawrejiBHoe HeyaoqpTBO a He MaaHti 
pnera. HpeflJioseHiH ocTaBaancb b*b npoasBOflCTB*, ROTopoe pa3CMaTpasa- 

JTOCB H O^HHBaJIOCB BO BCtX* HHCTaHIliflX'B H MOWTO flOftTH J3.0 C6HaTa. 

,H^La H364«aBia TaKoro paeRa, 6Brjn> HaflfleHB biixo^b otohb ocrpoyu- 
Hiifi h coBepme^Ho 6e3onacHuft. BirfccTO HeyaoGaaro h ociaBJiajomaro 
cfffeflB o$$Bijiaj[BHaro npe^omeHifl, npafiiMB r*b cnocofiy, coBepmeHHO • 
HeaaMiTHOHy jpa HenocBanjeBHHX'B h co3flai>meiiy nojoseHle A-ia npo- 
, RypaTypii biiojih4 Heya3BBMoe. nojrayacB HeycroftiHBocTBH) noaosema 
ciiAOBaTejua h cbohmb npaBOifB CHomeHifi cb bhciehmh BJacTaiai, a 

CTSUO 6HTB, H B03M02CH0CTBD HOBpeflHTB H 6llTB nOae3HHMB, OpORypa- 

Typa dajia baoxhobjuitb cjriiflcraie nyTeMi>JiHqHaro BJriaHia a flaBaeHia. 
G^OBaTeiB aBiaeTca 0TB*fcTCTBeHHHMB mijoitb 3a Bee, iro npe^npn- 
BHJtaeTca hmb no catflCTBiro, npe#B oKpyaoonrb cy^oMB— bb nopa#Rii . 
oCsajoBaaia ero fffcficTBifi, npe^ MBHHCTepciBOirB, RaRB Bnojifffc 3a- 
BHcanud otb Hero ^hhobhhr'b, h npeflx o&necTBOMB, ROTopoe EjeftirarB 
;ero, RaRB cy,ne6Haro fliaiejiH, cbohmb HHOiyja BecBMa aecTOKHMi, nparoBo 
pouB. M3X BToro pa3E0Raj[H6epHaro Ha^ajiBCTBa, ORpysanfi cy^B, CToa 
na no^Bt npaHoro Tpe6oBaHia saROHa, ho mosotb npHHHMaTb bo bhh- 
MaHie pa8Hux*B noAnojbHHXB Bjniaaift; mhhhctopctbo j»)6htb ycntxB 
h Tpe6yeTB ero, bo tto6li to hh oraio, npn yentxi npon^aeTca Bee 
hih ho^th Bee; ho pasB nojyiHjacB Hey^aqa, OHa HeK36tsHO OTpa- 
saeTca Ha cjrl^oBaTejii, BH[Ra3aBineHB cjHmKoirb 6ojbmoe ycep^ie, 
He yBiH^aBmeeca ycnfeoMB, a ne^aTB h o6mecTBO bhojib4 HCRpeHBo 
^y^yrb Hero^oBaTB Ha ^yx*B npoH3BOJa, BceiHBmifica bb ciixoBaTasa, 
h eABa-Jia AoraAaK>Tca, ^to BHHa ci^oBaTOJu: Tyrb sHa^axeiBHO 
MeHBme, ^mx 8to RaseTca Ha nepBbifi Bdrjia^B, h too hcthhhuS-to 

BHHOBHHRB HHI],HAeHTa COBC^MB HO CJ^AOBaTOJlB, a TOTB MarB H BOI- 

me6HHRB, ROTopufi 3a CHHHO& aatAOBaTeja paonopasaeTca oxbflr 
OTBieifB h npn stohb 6e3B Bcanaro flia ce6a pacna. Ct> Apyrofi cto- 
«poEH, y^ajiacb sar£a pncKOBaHHaa, np0B3B0J[BHaa Mipa Aaia bb pe- 
3yjbTaii ycnixB, rto noaumaerB mLOflfi, nojyqaerb Bcania cuiyse6- 



HAHIE IIPEflBAPHTEIbBOE CMflCTBIE. 37 

• 

huh CiarocTNHH? Oubtl Bee totl se BOJunefiraKt. EforypaibHo, h 
cj^OBaTeiK) nepenaaaerb Tyn> Koe-qio; ho nepena^aeTb .bx p^3irt- 
pax-L cpaBHHTejrbHO oiohb CKpoMHHX'b. 06£ISHob6Hho ycnixi bt> btokb 
cjyqai CKadHBaeTGa Ha cjrMoBaTejrfi Ttsn>, hto ohi> noiyqaert bob- 
hoshoctb nepefiiv bt> nposypaTjpy. 

TaKOBO $aKTHqecKoe noioseme Oflnoro H3i caMMx* CHMnaTHiHHX'b 
h Kb BHcoKoi crenoHH Basmax'b HHCTHTyTOBt yroaoBHaro nfloijecca. 
BasHocTB BToro HHCTHTyTa #ia yrojOBHofi ©cTHijiH TaKOBa, ito ho- 
6iaronpiflTHoe noaoaeme ero OTpasaeTca Ha Kas^OM% p$xb. CocTaB^ 
cyaa, BoopyseHHufi h HecarfcHaeiiocTMo, h npo^HMH cyaefiHHMa npepo- 
raTHBaMH, hhkohmt» otipasoirb ho Moserb BoonojiHBTBnpo6'fejoBi»HHe^o- 
*eTOBT> npe^BapHTeibHaro cjr&flCTBia, npoHSBefleaHaro 3aBHCHMHirb n ho- 
ycrofi^HBO nocTaBJieHHMM'L cjiAOBaPrejieMt, He Moacen> yse noTOMy, to> 
co6uTie upecTynieHifl CTaHOBHTca npeflMeTOirb pascMOTpfcHia cyaa no 
HCTeiemH 3Ha^Hiej[BHaro BpeMeHH nocai coBepmema, sor^a uo^th bc4 
artflH ero craaflHmcb, h B03CTaHOBHTb HdHHy yse HeBosvosHo. Bi> 
jynoieM'L cjyqai cya* Moserb tojbbko ofiHapyatHTb HeflociaTM oi4#- 
eTBifl, — h to TOJibEO npH HeyiiiHbH ojr^AOBaTejifl xopohhtb kohijh; 
ho BocnoJLHHTb hxt» oht> bt> eojibraHHCTBi ciyqaeB* HO HMten> HHKa-' 

KOft B03H0SH0CTH. YrOJIOBHOe fltlO Fb eyn^HOOTH C03flaeT0H CJTfcflOBa- 

TejieMt; bch flaibHifimaa nepeneTia aBiaeTca toibko lorHiecwurb 

BMBOflOlTb H3*b rtxi nOCHJOKX, KOTOpHH flaDTfca CJEtflCTBieiTb. 0?e- 

bh^ho, KaKOB'L flOJUKeHi Chtb 8T0Tb blibo^ npn He^o6poKaqecTB6H- 

HOGTH HOCUJIOR'b. 

Tasifl ycjioBifl npoH3Bo#CTBa npeflBapHTeibHaro cjrfcflCTBia, npa 
KpTopuxt BAOXHOBHTeieui Bctxi> nip* flBJueTCfl npeaciaBHTejib npo- ' 
KypaTypu, y^acTie KOToparo hh bt> hokl He B^ipasaeTcs bobh4 h 

0TBtTCTB6HH0CTb CBOflHTCH KT> HyjMO, HOpOS^atOTb KdCCy HBienift, 

B^ bhcokoS creneHH npncKopfiHiixi, noflpuBaiomHX'b aBTopffrerb cyae6- % 
ho& opraffB3an,iH h flOBtpie kt> Heft. Bi» pe3yju>Tarb hxi Bcer^a 6h- 
BaioTb ab£ acepTBH: o6biBaiejB, Rasi sepTBa npoH3BOJa cjitAOBaTe^, 
h cjtAOBaTejib, KaKi> sepTBa nenacHaro AanjeHia nposypaTypju. Mo- 
MeHTK, Kor^a ^aBJEOHie bto o^HapyacHBaerca ct> HaH6ojLme& chjiod, 

COBaaAaiDT'b 06bIRH0BeHH0 0*b CaMUHH Cepbe3HUlfH H OTBiTCTBeHHUMH* 

auTaiiH cjii^CTBia, KOTopue sasoHi oficraBJiaerb oco6hmh rapaHTiaira 
h oTHOcaiejibHO KOTopuxT> peEOMeHAyerb GJiiAOBaTOAJK) oco6ys) OOTO- 
poaRHOCTb. Haiajro, B036yffi,a,eHie cjiiACTBia npaHa^esHTb hmohho kt>* 
TaKHMi HOHeHraiix. Hept^KO rpasAaHcsaa c^sa, coBepnmBinaflea 
npn oco6uxt>, iioserb 6uTb n TeMHuxi ycjioBiflx^ o6pamaerL Ha ce6a 
BHHHaHie H3BicTHaro Kpyssa, CTaHOBHTca npeAMeTOMB T6HAeHii,io3Haro 
o6cysAOHia, odcraBJiaeTca npn btomx npoHSfioibHUMH no^poOHOCTaiiH 
h Aoxo^HTb bt> TaKOMi BB^i ^o npoKypaTypH; Ta B036ya»naOTt cjt6a- . 
ciBie, HacTaHBaerb Ha npaBie^eHia repoeBi ea o6BHHaeHUMH, casaeTb 
noAT> apecTi> h sacTaBJiaerb m npoflTa bck> cyAe6Hyro npoi^eAypy. 
A MOK^y Thin* 0Ra3MBaeTca Ha noBipsy, wro $asTU A^a, ycTaHc^- 
jneHHHe catACTBieMi, h cysoM^, cociaBJia»Tb npocxyio rpaaAaHCsyi) 






38 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

e^ti£j t se BMunoqaromyD bt» ce6i HHEaKoro yroioBHo-HaEa3yeMaro 
upecTynAenifl. PaaHocaTca aocjshhh KyMymKaMH no ropojty ciyxa 
o npecTyujueHiB; cayxa bth caerEa npoBtpaDTca fl03HaHiein>; BOs6y»- 
^aeTcn ca^CTBie, npoH3Bo,nHTca ycepAHO h aojiro, BHBHBaeTca syqa 
cBB^Teiefi, Ha MHorHxt HaOpacHBaeica t4hb — h niiro npeEpanjaeTca 
3a 0TcyTCTBieHT> bt> o6HapyseHHBixi» $acTaxi> cociasa EaRoro jm6o 
npeciy rr.TeHia. CoBepmaeTCfl AiflcTBHTeJiBHoe npecTyiureHie; BHHOBHHEa 
He bh^ho; npoEypaTypa h caiaoBaTejiB qyBCTByroTB ce6a oneHB aypHo. 
Kcjh npecTynjieHie rpoiisoe, hpohsboahtb mymb h ceHeanjro — cboI- 
ctbomt>-jh caMaro npecTymeHia, noao«eHiein>-j[H ran> noTepn4BniHX*B, 
hjih i>a3M'fepoMi npH^HHeHHaro Bpe#a, cjry^aft nonaflaeTB B'B raseni, — 
h npDKjpaTypoD nojryqaeica cBepxy aanpocB o noaosemH jtfuia i 
ycoixi cjiiflCTBia. TyTB npoEypop*, OTBiiaromift toibeo 3a ycnfarB 

TJ]H\.ri. CBOH1TB Ha^aiBCTBOM'B H HH MaiO H6 OTFfrTCTBeHHHH 3a Hapyffle- 

Hie 3aEona npn cjrfcflCTBiH, npHHHuaeTea 3a wrfeflCTBie BmoTHyro h 
sacTEBimerB ero MeTaTBca h3t> (rropoHii FB cTOpoHy bt> noHCEaxx 3a 

BEHOBBUKOITB. IIpHBJieKattTCfl H SpeCTOBHBaDTCH JI»flH Ha OCHOBaHJH 

TiuiTKnxh iipe^nojioaeHift, npocTH^B HaiffeEOBi; noflTacoBHBaroTca soe- 

EaKJH pHKH, npOH3BOABTCfl 6631 flOCTaTO'fflHX'B OCHOBaHift 06HCEH, 

BHeifKH, BTOpraiDTCH 6631 Hafl06HOCTH B'B qaCTHyi), HHTHMHyi) JKH3HB N 

oCBTBaxejieft, He HiriromHXB HHor^a HHEaEoro OTHomema s*b npea- 
Kexy c^t^cTBia,— h fb pesyjrBTai* noiryqaeTca HepiflEO npeEpameme < 

A'k&a hjib onpaBflaBrte, ecra bchehmh npaB^aira h HenpaBflaira ^tio ] 

jeobo^htch flo cy/ja. B'B nocji'hflHeM'B cay^ai onpaB^aTeaBHHfl npsTO- 

BOp'L CTaHOBHTCa FB pySaXl HBB'fcCTHHX'B OpraHOBl neiaTH OCHOBa- 

b inn, ;ua HHCHHyai^ifi Bcasaro po^a no aapeey cyaa npncasHHX'B. 

Hai> tlicj™ TaEoro pofla pa3flyraxi h H3BpameHHH^ , B nkm He 6orfe 

oAHoro iiDJiyqaerb orjiacsy h boa6tb 3a co6o» HlEOTopua nociit^cTBia , 

Aia HapyiHHTejieft sasoHa. OcTajBHua 999 ho ocTaBJrarorB BHjHMaro 

cjtaa ii 3a6HBaH)Tca. 06uBaT6i[B, EOToparo 6e3naHH0-6e3ftomjmHH0 

npo^epsaM uoxb apecTOM-B, y EOToparo, Bore> 3HaerB noieiiy, npo- j 

BBBeiB 0<5hCE*B, EOTOpilft 6e3T> BCHEOH Ha^06H0CTH BH3HBaiCa Wb ao- { 

npocy cBE^iTeieirB, pa^-paAexoHeEx, ecra ero, HaEOHeiii, ociaBHTB 
B'B noKot. IIoah TaM^ aajiyflca, HainyTB ohhtb TacsaTB, noaa- 
jiye, nona^emB fb TaEy© HCTopiro, ito enje xoniHie 6ypprb. Hay^eH- 
huh ropbKHiTB onBiTOirB CTaparo Aope$opM6HHaro cy^a h HeystpeHHiift 

* B'B cepBeBHOGTH VkTb HpaBX CBOHXl, EOTOpua XOTB H npOBHCaHU BB 

saKOHt, ho Ma*o yBasaDTca Ha npaETHEt, owl totobi MHoroe bh- 
bccth, nepeTepn^TB, toibeo 6h He pxoahtb fb CHomeHie <tb na^aiB- 

CTBOldX. CKOUXO Bp6M6HH, CHJTB H np. T6pa6TCH npH 8T0MB! CeOJTBEO 

rope T in nasoniaeTca B'B flymi o6HBaiejra! 

OnflcaHHHMH yciOBiaMH o6i>acHax)Tca Bnojiai rb MHoro^HcaeHHHe 
h imaiBSiie cjiynan (bi po^t, HanpHMipi, MynaHCEaro A*Jia), eo- 
Topae onameHH bx neiara, h t6 en^e 6ojr4e, EOHe^Ho; MHoro^HCien- m 
Hue, KOTopae ero He onameHH. 



EAfflE IIPEABAPHTEJBHOE CJI^CTBIE. 39 



IV. 

HsjoseHie opraEBsaitfE npeABapETeaBHaro cji^CTBia no yciaBy 
yse noKa3ajio HaMi>, qro npn npaBEJEBHom* <J>yEKitfoBBpoBaHiE Bcix* 
opraHOBi, npireacTHHrt k% cjrbwrBm, pesyjiBTart ^ojiaeffB noayqHTBoa 

BHOJIfli JAOBlBTBOpHTeiBHElS H CB TOHKH 3p*&Eifl yClrfffllHOCTB CiltjICTBbi, 

h cocTopoHEE o6eBneqeHH&CTE HHiepecoBt o6BEEaeiiaro h o6njecTBa. 
OTCD^a HessfiisHO 3aKjra)qeHie, tto bghko6 npeofipasoBame 8T0ft lacrH 
8acoHOAaT6J[BCTBa jipmRO GTpoHTBCfl Ha nowh nojoaRemft ycTaBOBB, 

KOTOpHe, KaKB Mil BH/vklH, AO CBXTb H0pT> 6111,6 HO IIOiyVEIH nOJTHarO 

h noojrbAOBaTejBHaro npmr&HeHia e, CTajo 6htb, He Morjra a&tb h 
Toro, wo HMeHyeToa yKaaaHiflMi oimra. TpBAijaTEirfcTEee npHMtHeme 

BXB BB H3MtH6HH0Ml> BEA* ]lfiJSS3M0 TOJEbKO O^HO, TO) E8B4CTEHft 

HHCTHTyrB ho mosotb jiificTBOBaTB npaBBiBHO h AaBaTB tfaarie pe3yjB- 
TaTH, eciH OTBaTa 6jj5fiTb cymHOOTB, flyma ero. A ci EBCTETyToirB 
cyAe^HKXB cjtAOBaTejiefi, ho^te HenocpeACTBeHHO nocjrfc BBeACHia pe- 
(J)opMM, coBopmeHa 6uja em6HHo TaKaa aMnyraipa 3air&B0i) nporaaro 
cyj^eflcKaro nojoxema HeycTottiHBBiirB qBHOBBHqBBirB. JIMo cjrfeAOBa- 
T6JEE, KaKt h ^yHKi^H cyABB, TpeCyerB SHa^flTenBHaro npodopa. 3a- 
koh-b ho MoacerB npeAycMOTpiiB Bcero pa8Hoo6padia se3H6hhhxb 
EBaeHift h, CTaio 6utb, ho uoserB a»tb cjiAOBaTero e cyp>i onpe- 
Xbimejibwnx'b yKasaBiE Ha BcaKift A&HHHft oayqaft. CaiAOBaTeaB npn- 
HEMaeTB Tasia M4pH kb paaiacHeHho o6cToaTeJBCTBB npecTynaeHty, 
sasifl yEaauBaDTCfl Aasnoft o6cTaEOBKo8; KaKB h cyABa, cocTaB- 
ji£6TB»cBoe osoHqaTeiBHoe cyAeftcsoe MH-feflie no Afoy Ha ocHOBamE 
ycjoBifi e $aKTOBB A^Hsaro A**a. H totb, e Apyroi bt> btoS c$epi 

•AOJUKEH 6MTB nOJIHHME X03A6BaMfl; BTOpraTBCE BT> H66 3aK0HB H6 HMieTB 

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Hacroamei, peaiBHoft sa3aa, He nojyqHBt he Maiiflmaro npeAcraB- 
jieHia o xapaKTept a noTpe6HOcrax'B AepeBHH, bi> KOTopofi shboto h 
yMHpaen» agbhtb AecaTHxi HacejeHia, npaMO caAaioa sa A*ao qacTo 
Ka6HHeTHoe, noiTH KanijeiapcKoe. 3artin>, noABaraacL no iepapxHqe- 
cKofl jttcTHHi^i, CTaHOBHTca caHOBHHKaMa, RdtfOTb vowb h HanpaBJie- 
aie b*b mapoKHXi> rocyAapcTBeasuxi a o6n^eoTB6HHiixi ofaacTax?*. 

OcTaBAflfl BT> CTOpOHt 8THXI, Taffb Ha3UBaeMHXT> ^iaTOJiefi, 3dBfl- 

3NBaK)mHX'B ce6t naaa, OTnpaBjaaob b*b MHoroipyAHufi a OTBtTCTBeH- 
Hbifl nyib, — AypHo, tto h iboah cobc*mx apyroro 3aRajia noctaBJieHH 

Bl> H606X0AHM0CTB 6i»aTb CB ^OJI3RHOOTH CjtA0BaT6Ja, KaK^ oHa no- 

cTaBjeHa bt> HacToan^ee Bpeiia. J^Ba-Tpa ro^a (uiys6u b*b Hefi — aBJie- 
Hie Haafiojie o6biKHOBeHHoe. ^to HeiOBiKi bt> Tanofi sopoTKiM npo- 
MesyTOR'B BpeiieHH HoserB c/tfuiaTB, cb qiMi> nosHaKOMHTca bt> cbooitb 
y^acTKi, KaK^ npiofiptTerb AOBipie a coflificTBie HaceieHia? H npa 
duowb eme, chah cb OTBpamemeMi h no Heo6xo^EMocTH bi cBoeMi> 
yqacTKi, ieorba nooToaHHo MeqTy yfiTa H3B Hero, Kasoa eiiy pe30Hii 
cepbe3ao OTHOCHTBca kt> 03Ha£oiueHiK) cb MtcTOMt h Aaso k*b cfioeny 
npaMOMy A*Jiy? 

Bmboam oqeBHAHM. IIomhmo npeAocTaBJieHia ciiAOBaTejuo npaBa 



, HA1HE irPEABAPBTEJIBHOE CJItyJCTBIE. 45. 

HecMiHaeMocTH, Heo6xojjaMo flaTB eiiy cpaBHHTeiBHO bhcoko6 anyaefi- 
Hoe noaoseHie h cooTBiTCTfeyromee MaTepiaaBHoe otfeaneseme. 3a rfe 
yBejtpieHHUfl cpeflCTBa, koTopua <)hb nojyqarB otb ofimecTBa h ro- 
cy^apcTBa, ohb ct> jihxbod sanaaTHTB CBoeio #iaT6J[j>H0CTBK), ceptea- 
hhmb OTHomemeKV kt> fffejry a ryMaHHHMB, BflyMraBHirB OTHOineHieinb 
Kb 6jiH2RHeiiy. A tto6h eMy He 6mro ocHOBama ToponaTBca yfira B3i> 

BTOft flOJHKHOCTH, ^T06lJ OH*B HMijrB B03M02KHOOTB OCTaBaTBCH Ha Beit 

B03M0XH0 AOJibme, Heo6xo^HMO nepiojaqecRa, qpesrB BBBicTHHe npo- 
HesyTKH BpeueHH, yBeJiH^HBaTB ero co^epmaHie, KaKt noTOMy, *rro 
TaKoe yBeaaqeme mosotb HOTpeSoBaTBca b*l CHJiy asMlmeHia ero ce- 
MefiHaro noioseHia, TairB h noTOMy, *rro c*b TeieaieiiB BpeHeHH xhbbb 
CTaHOBHTca Aopose h Aopoace. 

O^sa H3i> npnqHH'B, BUSBasniHx^ HeseaaTejBHoe asMiHeHie bt> 
xapaKTepi fliaTeaBHOCTa wrtflOBaTeiia, saRjiroqajiacB, nasi mm Bafliaa, 
bt> tomi>, ^to o6maa noiaijia, Ha KOTopyiO B03jroaeHO acnoraeirie Tpe- 
6oBaHi& cjrijioBaTeja no npoH3BO#CTBy posucKOBi h flosHaaitt, He mo- 
serB, no pasHiiHi npaqaHaiflb, hohojihhtb y^OBJieTBopHTejBHO cBoero 
fltja. B*b ycTpaHeHie BToro a bb affrepecaxi ycntniHocTH cjrfcacTBift, 
Heo6xoAHMO co3^aTB ocoSyro aojhkhoctb AJa acnoJHeHia yKa3aHHiixi> 
nopy^eHifi caijoBaTeja. EyAerB-jra ycTaHOBaeHa TaKaa ^ojxhoctb 
Jim Ka^aro yqacTRa ot^bho, hjh o#Ha Jim HicROJEBRHX-B yiacx- 
kobt», — bto fiy^eTB 3aBHCbTB otb MtcTHHx-B ycioBitt; BaaHO, ^to, ripn 
cymecTBOBamn Tanoro aoasHOCTHoro Jiaija, am cxfeflOBaTeaa He 6y T 
fleTB Ha,no6HOCTH 6paTB Ha cefia TaKia pojra, kotophh coBctirB He co- 
OTBtTCTByrorB ero noaoseHiio cyflBa h bhochtb bt> ero ^tcjibhoctb 
npieMM h npHBiiiKH, npaMO HecoraacHHe ct> Tpe6oBaHiHMH saRoaa. 

B*b cy^HOMi, fltii, HaKOHen,i>, HMiion^eMi Tasoe cepBesHoe 3Ha- 
qeme Am o6mecTBa, caMyro Ba»Hyro rapaHTiio npaB^H h saROHHocra 
cocTasiaeTB HecOMHiHHO cb4tb, riacHOCTB. 9to— TaRaa acTHHa, npo- 
thbi KOTopoft fie cnopaTB, RaseTca, aaae TenepB. BcaKoe orpaaane- 
Hie 9TOro Heo6xo£HMaro BJieMenTa, ecjin oho AonycsaeTca 3aKOfloifB, 
AOJiacHo BusiiBaTBca h mosotb onpaBjpiBaTBca toibro npH^HHaiiv 
BecBMa BtcRHua. II bo BCflROKB cjyqai, npa TaKHXi* orpaHB^emaxt, 
npe3yMnii,ia ocTaeTca Bcerna bb nojiBay rjiacHocTH, t. e. aojhkho 6bitb 
fl0Ka3aH0 ho to, ito rjiacHOCTB noje3Ha e npa a&hhoS oOciaHOBRt, 

a TO, ^TO npH ^aHHHX^ yCJlOBiaXB MaCHOCTB npHHOCHTB BpeflT*, He 
TOTB HOB^AOMUfi H BOCBMa COMHETOIBHllfi Bpe^, BT> CHJiy ROTOparo 

flonyn^eHO orpaHH^eHie rjracHOCTH no fliuraMB o npecTynjemaxB Aoaa- 

HOCTHHXT, JLHI^B, 0CR0p6jf6HiaX'B HXl H HpO^., a Bpe^B A^SCTBHTeJIb- 

Hufi, KOHCTaTnpoBaHH^fi uyieMt onHTa h Ha6jK>AeHia. Ilpa TaKOMB 
3HaqeHiH rjiacHOore b^ jtfwh cy.ua, CTpaHHO bctp^thtb bi ycTast 
yroaoB. cy^onp. He^ocTaTORTj 3aKOHa, flonycRaro^aro npncyTCTBie, Ha- 
npHMtpt, npa cxbpfiTBm san^HTHHEa o6BHHaeMaro, yqacrie KOToparo 
BHecjo 6m HMeHHo QUeueETb rjacHocTH bt, RejueMHyx) a saTXiiy© HHor^a 
aTMOc$epy ejrhflCTBia. KaRi pa^HRaiBHoe cpe^cTBO npoTHB-B npoaBJie- 
nia npoH3BOJia a xajaTHOcTH, npacyTCTBie saniHTHHRa, hb b*b qeMB 



46 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. • 

He irfcniaa ycnfey wrtflCTBia, BHecjo 6m b*l flBHJKeme jjiuia CBfasyio 
h noje3Hyro cTpyro. IIpeABir^TB Bpe^t ort TaKoro HOBOBBeaeHia. b*tb 

HHKaKOrO OCHOBaHifl. IIO CBOHCTBaMT, TfeXT> fltftCTBift, EOTOpUfl MoryrB 

6htb coBepmaeMH cjr&flOBaTeJHraa, ohh vb SHaqHTeiBHOi iaara h 
Seat Toro nyfaaroH. 06hckh, ocmotph, ocBatf&TeaBCTBOBaHiH npoas- 

BOAflTCfl 06IIKH0B6HH0 Ha ra^HX* H Bl IipHCyTCTBiB nOCTOpOHHHXt 

jht^i>, KOTopua Hapo^HTo nparjraniajoTca ;jm btoto no TpefioBaai© 
caMaro saRoaa. IIpHcyTCTBie se npn flonpocaxTi CBH^iTejiefi santar- 
HHKa-ropucTa h y^acrie ero bt> TaKoirB aonpoc* Moaert toilro no- 
moil j$jlj, ocB'femeHieM'B oScTOflTejiBCTB'B ero C*B TOIKH apiHia HHTe- 
p.eCOB'B O0BHHfl6MarO h ycTpaHemeirB TaRHM*B o6pa30Mi Toro OflHOCTO- 
poHHffro o6BHHHT6J[BHaro HanpaBJreHifl, rotophitb TaKt qacTO cvrpa- 

^aiOTL CjrfjflCTBifl. 

YcTpaHeHie samaTH npn cjiflCTBia, nonymeHHoe cocTaBHTeraMH 
ycTaBOBt, cocTaBiaeTB ho eflBHCTBeHHyro HenocjrtflOBaxeJiBHOCTB hx* 
h Heconacie ci> t*mh Ha^ajauE, rotophh huh se 6imb noiroseHii 
wl ocHOBame pe$opmi. HeiiocjrfcflOBaTeJBHOCTB 9Ta jerKo ofiiacHHeTca 
TflacejoiifB noJUOseHievL cocTaBHTeieS noj^b AaBiemeH'B araTaijia mho- 

TOVEC&GHUHL'b HpOTHBHHROB'B pe$0piIH, EOTOpHO RaK^H) Mtpy, Ba- 

npaBJieteyD Kb 03AopoBjemi) h ocBimemio TeiiHHxt yrJOBi> ciaparo 
pesaiia, ciapaxacB BHCTaBHTB, RaRt nocaraxejiLCTBo Ha BepxoBBua 
npaBa h Rani aRTB ^yn> He anapxacTCRoft nponaranflu. 

IIpH CjAflCTBiB 06BHHHT6JbHaa BJiaCTB, KaKT> MH BEff&IB, EWb&Tb 

ciTen,iajLHaro npeflCTaBBTera bt> ihi$ npoKypopa, o6aeieBBaro npn 
9tomt> oco6hmb npaaaMH, b*b BH^y ero pom areHTa rocyaapcTBeHHoa 
BJracTH. HoTepntBHiee otb npecTynjeflia jbijo Tanse airfcerB npaBO ho 
saROHy npHcyrcTBOBaTB npn Bcfexx cjrfyjcTBeHHHX'b .uiScTBiax'B h 3a- 
mamaTB cboh rpastfaacRia TpefioBaHia qpesi noBipeHaaro ropncTa. 
dajo 6uTbj o^aa as* jiByxt 6opH>maxca npn cjrfcflCTBia CToponb 
BoopyaKeHa bcIwh cnoco6aMH &m 3amaTH cbobxi BBTepecoBt. Ka3a- 
jiocb (for, vro, wl BH^axT, paBBOBicia cropoHi, TaRia se npaBa ^oishu 
6htb npe^ocTaBjeHH h o6BHHH6MOMy. Jfaqao rjlb ofiBaaaeaaro ' oho 
TaKi> h octb: oht> aurterb npaBO npncyTCTBOBaTL npa cjrb^cTBeHHHTB 
AtficTBiflX'B, npe^HBjraTB b-l HHTepecaxt cBoet samara BcaRaro poj^a 
Tpe6oBaHia, j^aBaTL ofiiacHeHia, no^aBaTt saio6fii a npoq., a npoq. Ho 

^tjaTB BCe BTO OH'B MOKeTt TOJBRO CaMl, MIBO; 06paTHTBCfl ?a co- 

B-feTOMt ri» cnei^iaaHCTy, npe^ocTaBHTt eMy sairtHHTB ce6a hjih nowro- 
raTt npa cjiijjCTBiH ohb He Haierb npaBa. TaRoe orpaHH^enie He- 
pt^Ko, — a HM6HH0 b*b caMEixi TflseiHXX nojioseHiaxi, npa o6bh- 
HeHin c'epLe3HoirB, — Bejjen> kt> Tony, qro Brfe npaBa o6BHHaeHaro 
npa cjA^CTBia cBo^arca Kb Hyjoo, noiy^a»TB coBepmeHHO naaTO- 
HaqecRifi xapaRTepi. Eme ecia o6BaaaeifHfi Haxo^HTca Ha CBo6ojfe, 
oht> MOJKen> o6paTHTBca sa oob^toitb Kb outiTBOMy lopncTy, KOTopua 
cocTaBBTB A^a Hero h saaBJEeme, a saj[o6y, Ha^oyMnrt ero bshtb 
Roma ci npoTOROioBi cjtji,CTBia a, cj^oBaTejiBHO, wctl bo3mosk~ 
hoctb 03HaROMHTBca cl noioseaieBTB Ataa. Ho pasi o6BHHaeiiufi co- 



HAHLE DPEflBAPHTBJBHOE CJI$ACTBIE. 47 

AepsRTCfl uoxh CTpaseS, ohb .OTpfeaiFB orb scero BHinmaro Mi pa, h 
Tor^a npaBa ero no cj^ctbiio 0Ea3HBaK>Tca MepTBOft CyEBOp, ho 
Hir&jomeft a*? Hero HHKaKoro npaETHiecEaro 3Ha?emfl. Ecjlh oht> ho 

JOpHCTTB, a H6I0BiKl> TeMHHft, HOpaSBHTOfi, — a TaEHX* II OAaBIflK) 11*60 
fiOIBmHHCTBO,— OffL H6 B*B COCTOflHiH H3Me*IB HHSaEOfl H0JIB3H HH OTB 

• npnoyTCTBOBaaia npn cjAactbIh, hit otb npeAMBJieHia npoH3BOACTBa, 
hh 0Tb cbohxt, npaBi no ofisaioBamro A^flcTBifi faiAOBaiejui. t Ito6u 
BOcnojL80BaTbCH Bciin* 8THWB, naAO yirfrrB rpymrapoBaTB JUaHHUH 
(ur&AOTBifl, oi$hhtb OTHomeHie hxi kx ero HHTepecaMB, HairfcTHTB t& 
nyHKTW cjrbACTBeHHaro MaTepiaia, KOTopue Tpe6yrorB pasxacHeHia hjh 
onpoBepaeHia; oahhmb cjeobom-b, Tpe6yeTca Tanaa mepoTa B3wiflAa 
h npHBH^Ka kt> CHCT6MaTH3an,iH, KaKofi HeJUBSH npeAnoiosHTB y orpoH- 
Haro 6ojrBnraHCTBa ofiBHHaeMHXi,. Hapymeme cbohxt> HHTepecoBi ohb 
saM^THTB tojibso TorAa, Kor^a 8T0 Hapymeme aramEOirB o^obhaho h 
rpy6o. JIbdah, SHaROMue ct, ycjOBiaMH npoH3BOACTBa arfcACTBia, xo- 
pomo 3HaH3TL, wo b*b 6oJiBmHHCTB , 6 cjiyqaeBt Bospasema Tasnx'B 

06BHHaeHUX'B OpOTHBl RZRKhlTb CJrfe^CTBia H Tpe<$OBaHifl HXT> OTHO- 
CflTCH 06HKH0B6HH0 HO Kb CepBe3HHM'B H raaBHlUTB yiHRaM*B HpOTHBTi 
HHXT>, a Kb MOJIO^aM'B, KB TaKHMT> nOApo6HOCTaM*B, KOTOpMfl HJH Hirfc- 

idtb HH^rosHoe 3HaieHie, hih a&ko He npeACTaBaaioT'B HHEaEOft i$hh. 
He npHBBiKnrift Kb o6o6nteHi» ym npocToro qeaOBfea ocTaHaBM- 
BaeTca Ha oahoitb veiEoifB oScToaTejiBCTBi, KOTopoe nopasHJio ero, h 
ynycsaerB hs-l BHBMaHia h BH^a Bee ocTaiBHoe. OTHomeHie BToro 
saM^qeHHaro oficToaTejiBCTBa r*b o6me& KapTBfli TepaeTca h ^eJOBiKt 
HaqHHaen> bha*tb bt> mojieomb $aKrfe totb nyHETB. Ha KOTopuit 
. nowm 6htb HanpaBJieHU bo* ero ycMia. Acho, hto TaEOft o6bh- 
HHeMiiS coBepmeHHo 6e33amffreH'B npn cjAactbIh npn bc4xb npe^o- 
CTaBjeHaLixi> eHy saROHOirB npaBax*B. ^onymeHie r*b neiiy san^BT- 
HHRa 6buo 6h, oiobhaho, ho hobhmt> npaBom., a tojbko bosho« 
hoctbd nojiB30BaTBCfl npaBaMH yse cymecTByromflMH. 

OouKHOBeHHO npoTHB'B Aonyn^eHifl 3am;HTLi npa cji^ctbIh tobo- 

PHTB, TOO Sa^HTHHK-B, *6JI0B'6K r B OHHTHHH, »pHCTB, MOSeTb 3I0yH0- 

Tpe&rarb cbohitb nojoseHieM'B bb ymep6i> HCTHHt h ycirlxy cji,n- 

CTBia. TOBOpflTB, TOO, OSHaROMHBinHCB CB $aKTaMH Afaa, OHB HM^eTB 
B03M02RHOCTB HCKyCCTBeHHO, HOAOtipOCOBJiCTHO C03^aBaTb D,tjILIfl C06bITifl 

b*b HHTepecaxB cBoero RiieHTa, npnCtraTL Kb no^Kyny CBHAiTejen, 
ycTpaHHTB vb nyTH cii^CTBifl bc& yjEHEH npomBt ofiBHHfleiiaro H T. H. 
Ho JinmaTB leioBirca cepB63HoS rapaHTin h ocTaBjaTb ero bt> hojo- 
seHiH noiaoS 6e3noHon^HocrH toibeo noTOMy, mo npn AonyntemH 
dToft rapaHTia bo3MOschbi 3JioyaoTpe6jeHia, 3Ha<rarB CTaBBTB Bonpoct 
Ha JioacHy» noiBy. Ego rapaHTia Hy«Ha no noJoseHiio j&na, ee Heo6xo- 

AHMO A&TB. B^AB 06BHHHTeJIbHaa BiaCTB H rpaSA&HCKifi HCTen,T> HMilOTB 

npa cjrbACTBin cbohxt> npeACTaBHTenefi-BopacTOB^; a 8th npeAOTaBHTem 
MoryrB 3noynoTpe6jiaTi> cbohbtb nojoaceHieMi, b-l nojB3y o6BHH6Hia h bo 
BpeA% otfBiraaeMOMy. Tasie ciyqaa a 6uBajiH. H, OAHaso, hh npa cocTaB- 
aeHia ycTaBOBx, hh TenepB HHEOMy He npaxoAHTB vb roiOBy ycTpa- 



48 FYCCROE BOrATCTBO. 

hhtb otb orfyicTBifl npoRypopa h noB-fcpeBHaro rpas^aHCEaro Bcnja. 
Pa3Bt npaBHjiBHOCTB cjitACTBin b*b oTHomeHiH k% HHTepecaMt o6be- 
Haeifaro HMierB* MeBBme BHaiema, h£m*l HHTepecH o6bhhht6ih h 
rpa*A&HCRaro Bcma? Ectb noraoe ocHOBaHie HaAtaTBck, mo npo$ec- 
cioHajiBHOi otb4tctb0hhocth, a B^ RpafiHHX*B cjryiaax'B h yrojoBHOft, 
coBepuieHHO AocTaToqHO, yio6u yAepaaTB noBipeHHaro e 8a4cb, kbrtj 
h npn /ipyrnxi, yoaoBiax'B, bt> BaAaeacaniHX'B rpaHHijax'B. Tim Cojrbe, 
tto bi> JiHU.t cjr^AOBaTejifl h npe^CTaBHTejeft oCBEHemH h rpasiaH- 
CKaro ncma 3amaTHER'B 6yAeTB em4tb Tansx'B HafaDAaTeaeft h ijeH- 

BOpOBTb, OTB ROTOpHXT* 6ABa-JiH yKpOBTCfl H6A06pORaqeCTBeHHHa 6F0 

AfcflcTBia. 

IIpnqHHa onaceHiil b HepacnoaoaeHia kt> Aonymemio aamvrH npn 

CjtACTBlH CBOAHTOH, KaSOTCfl, Kt AByMT> 06CTOflTeJBCTBaMT>. Bo-HepBUTB, 

h cocTaBHTeJH ycTaBOBi>, ^a e mm He OTptfflBjiHCB eme #o cbxtb nop* 
otb Haqajn> ciaparo HHRBH3HitfoHHaro nponecea, TpefioBaBmaro rjy- 

COKOE TafiHU, HeOSBAaHBUX'B CK)pnpH30BT> B RpafiHO HeAOBtpiHBO 
OTHOCEBfflarOCfl KT> 06BEHfl6M0My H KO BC6MJ, *ITO rOBOpETB Vh nOJB^T 

o6BEBfleMaro. IlepesBToe He EcqesaerB SescaiAHO e HHor.ua, Ha cepe- 
Kopi> paayiiy h jiorBR*, ocTaBjaerB rayCkraift caiAT>, ecM He bt> <()jpir6 
onpeAkieHHoft mhcah, to boa* beacui* Heonpe^tJieHHaro qyECTBa, 
ouaceHia h HepacnojuoaceHiH. MHoroBiROBaa npasTHKa nomaro 6ea- 
npaBifi o6BHHHeMaro e omEfioiHaa mhcjb, 6yA*ro npecTynBER'B Henpe- 
m^hho JHineHi BCflRHXi qeaoBiroecRHX'B CBOficTBT, h cnoco6eHi> TOIBKO 
Ha AypHoe, cosAajH Taaoe oTBomeflie r*b ofiBEBaeiiOMy, npn roto- 
poM-b caaiaa mucjib o KaKHxi> to 6yAT0 6u npaBaxi> ero npeAcraB- 
aaeica qyTb He noco6HH?ecTfiOMi> bt> npecTynaeHiH. Otb bto* mhmh 
MHorie e3*b HacB yse OTRasajnEGB nojn> BaiaBieirB o6maro paaBETia s 
e»e^HeBHuxT> HafaroAeHift; ho HeonpeA*aeHHoe nyBCTBo HeAOBipia kb 
o6BEtiaeHOMy, RaRi> otrjuhr'b cTaparo, ocTaaooB eme y BecBMa MHorHXt, 
IIpoAOasBTeaBHoe rocnoAOTBO TaftHaro BBRBB3EijiQHBaro aa^cTBia, bch 
ijtaB KOToparo GBOAHjacB r*b BHMyqflBaHiK) cosHaHia oGBHHaeuaro 
bchrhme nyTHMH e cnoco6aMH, a rjiaBHUifB cpeACTBom> cjljwljlq ot- 
A^JieHie ero otb Bcero ocTaiBHoro Mipa e npeAocTaBjeme bt> nojHoe 
h 6e3ROHTpoiBHoe pacnopaaceme oi^OBaTejia, — pfinsiuo 6ujo OTpa- 

8ETBCH TaRl EJBiE EHa?6 JIBlSLO TOT&&, KQTRb TeopeTH^eCRlH OCtfOBBI 61*0 

0Ra3ajiHCB oTBeprHyTMMa h caMo oeo oTomio bt> o6iacTB npejoiaHift. 

BTOpOe 06CT0aT6JbCTBO, KOTOpOMT> yaOMHHaJTOCB, 8T0 — HOAOBtple 

k*b aABORaiy. H sa^cb Tanse hpexoaetce cqaTaTboa cb A&BieHiem» 
npouuaro. Tani Aope$opM6HHaro aABORaTa,— Rprowa, CTpwi^Raro,— 
AocTaTO^Ho ESB^CTeH^. HetfOBipie Kb TaROMy aABORaTy, RaRi> npn 

ptACTBiE, TaKT> H Bl> ApyrHXl C$6paXl>, BnOJIH* HOHflTHO H 3aK0HH0 

HoBofl aABORaTypi Buaaia Ha aojid Taseiaa sa^aqa He tojibro cosAaTb 
A0?6THyx) ce6t penyiartiio, ho npesAe Bcero pea6flJiETEpoBaTB caMoe 
SBaHie aABORaTa, saxBaraHHoe rpa3HUMH pyRaME ciaparo noAi>aqaro. 
Ho TpEAi^aTfljrbTfliJl nepiojn> a^T6J[bhocth 9 xotb e npfl flefijaro- 
npiaTHofl o6cTaHOBKt, 0Tpa3HJica Ha aABORaTypt BecBMa 3'aMiTHBDHi 



HAIHE IIPBtfBAPBTEJIBHOE CMflCTBIE. 49 

06paB0Ml> E BUpaSMCA B*B CTpeMJiefliH yCTaBOBBfB fliftCTBETeiB- 

hjd KopnopaTEBHys) cBflSB H6SA7 iieHSMir, BMicro npesseft paspos- 

fleHHOCTlT, 2 0O3#*TB, OTOaCTE nyT6MT> Cy^e6HOfi #bflT6JIBH0CTff CO- 

BiTOBi>, eoaoscl noiosenift h Tpe6oBamft, BunoraeHie KOToparo 
o6fl3aTej[BHo Am qaeHOB* KopnopanjH. lips Hacroameirb noaoae- 
HiH QaTeHTOBaHHoft aABOKaiypu, bItb, noaaraeii'B, HHEasoro ocho- 
Bama onacaxBOfl sjEoynoTpefiieHifi npn AonymesiB ea kt> yqacruo bt> 

npe^BapHTeJILHOM'L CJT&flCTBiH B*B BaieGTBi SamETHHKOB'B OfiBHHflOlfilX'B. 

Hara ooraeTca cnasaTB e4ckojibko ciobt* enje o&b OflnoifB Bonpooi, 
KacaiomeMca opraHHBanjH npeflBapETe*BBaro cj&actbIh, hm6hho ofa ot- 
HomeHiH cji.n.oBaTejn.cKHi'L o6a3aEEocTeft k*b ofiasaEEocTairB MicrHaro 
cyffbH. Kara HSBicTHo, bi nooaiflHee BpeMaBEmBBEyTOBnepefl-B npefl- 
noioseHie o coe^HflemH. oCtEX* btexi o6aBaEEOCTeft bt» jibi^ eflEHaro 

• MicTHaro oyABE-raiAOBaTeaa. Bi» HOBifimnxt ysaKOHeBaaxTb, Kacaro- 
sjixoa cy^a Ha OKpaEEax'B, oto npeanoaoaeBie Bamao yse h ocyme- 
CTBjeHie; TasflirB otfpasoirB, bt, He^ajiexoirB OTHOCHTeaBHO BpexeHH, 
mh 6jKdWb HHiTB yse yKasaHia ontrra no HacToameiiy npeAueiy. Ho, 
Kara Ham> saseTca, h TenepB, Ha ocHOBaaiH coo6paseHifi Tara 0Ka- 
aaib anpiopEHXi, hosho npe^raflaiB ci 6ojn»moK) BipoaTHocriio pe- 
ayjLTaTH dToro omiTa. 

Kohotho, Hes^T sa^aHaMH cy#BE h caiflOBaTeaa h^ T0 g n p . 
naoTH, KOTopaa pasjtfuraeTB cyflBio s aflMEHBOTpaTopa; ho BceTara btil 
aa^aqfl ra SHawreabHofi cTeneHE pasEaica Meawy co6ok>, h curimeBie 

HIT. BT> Oip[OMT> Jflltfl H0S6TB E0B6CTE S*B pe3yjQ>TaTaMl» BOOBMd EeyflOBae- « 

TBopHT6jn>HMM'L. He roBopa yse o ^hgto BEimseirB HeyaoCcTBi COBlffc- 

• mesia (oy^Bfl floaaeera ch^tl Ha m4ct4, a cjrfcflOBaTeaB — 0TJHqan>ca 

nOABHSHOCTBK) H laCTO 6UTb Wb paSliSflaXi; CyflBH HadHaiEJTB Ha 
H3BiCTHHfl CpOKT> pa86opB itfUTB, BH3BaJTB BapOffB, a B*B 8T0 BpOMfl 

coBepmaeTca npedynjieHie — h ora aoaaera caaKaTB Ty.ua), pojB cj4- 
AOBaTejia xoTfl h OAHopo^Ha ci> jsjh&owb cy^BE, ho AaieRo ho Tox^e- 
cTBeHHa. TjiaBHoe OTiflqie 3amnoqaeTca wb tomi>, ^to cjrbAOBaTeAB aoi- 

SeVB, lipH npOH3BOACTBt CjrflflCTBia, npOflBJUiTB BT) SSaHETOJIBHOE CT6- 
flOHE C06CTB6HHyK) HHEI^iaTHBy, TOr^a KaKl> npaBO HHHI^iaTHBLI cy^BE 

BeoBua orpaEflqeso. Bo bcIxi rpaat^aHCKHXx ^tjaxt 6e3x HCKJUDqe- 
Hifl e wb orpoMEOMi GoaBmHHOTBi y roiOBEHXi (flfaa qacTHaro oSbeeo- 
Hifl, nojEHu;eftcKifl, no kotopiwb se yrposaerB TiopBiia) HHHijiaTHBM 
cy^BE se BE^aTB coBctM'B. CooTflsaTejiBEuft xapaKTept npon;ecca, 
♦BnepBHe ct> AOCTaioqsoft nocjrtAOBaTejibHocTBK) BBe^eHHufi yoraBauH^ 
ECEjuoqaeT'B yqacrie cy^BE bt> cofiEpamH AOKasaiejibCTBi* EsanpaBje- 
Eis ^a. TaKi, ejie EHaie, ho coBnin^eflie bi> o^homt, jraifb ^yHKi^ift 
ojr&AOBaTOJUi h oy^BE acuukho cRasaTBoa rjaBeHCTBorB toe ejie Apy-. 
roe $yHKD,iH: ejie cy^Bfl npioGpfrrerB EecBoflcTBesfliui eHy HHHn;ia- 
THBy e Apyria Ka^ecTBa cjrt^OBaTOJia, hie ojAaoBaTeiB yoBOHTB ho- 

M 8. Oiftin H. 4 



50 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

i 
H0ABH3KH0CTB H «Hi&OTOpyiO HHOpTHOOTb CyflBH. A npH HaCTOflH^eifB 

saBHCHMOMt nojioseHiH (ur^aoBaxejusL hoab $epyjioK> nposypopcRard 
HaA3opa, npe^ocTaBJieHie eMy h cy#e(5Hoft BiaoTE nocraBBJio 6m cyaeonoe 
' Xbxo bt> nojoaceHie bb bhcoroA CTeneHH HeaeaaTeaBHoe h Taaeaoe. 
KpoMi Toro, HeyA06cTB0 Tasoro coBaimeHia HBcfrByeTB h ebb cjt6- 
aymmaro. TaMx, rfl4 crimoaaTeiB ssoCpasaerb co6ok> h MtcTflaro 
cy^BB), ohi> noA^HHeHB OEpysHOMy cyay bt» oGobxb cboex*b Bnaax'B. 

BOTB CL BTHITB HOJIO»eflieM^ H H6IB3A COrjaCHTBCH. BTOpoft HHCTaH- 

ipeft am m4cthhx , b cy^oBB He MoserB caysHTB, 6e3i> cepBesHaro * 
ymep6a am ^ijia, OKpysHBiS cyAB hie Boo6in,e opram> cy#0Bi q6- 
Wex*. Rb&o wb tomi>, tto o6mlfl oyAe6HUfl y*q>e*AeHifl HassaqeHH 
AM AiJTL RpynHHXt, bi> KOTopun> npeAMOTOHi cnopa abiex>tca eh- 
TepecH cepbeaEHe. A npE TaRoirB cBoftcTBi #&» h npn tomb eme 

yCJIOfiifl, HTO 3flfcCB BB 60IbfflHHCTBt BHCTynaiDTB He caMH cropoHU, a 

noBipeHHue cb cneitfajMO K>pHAHqecRBM'B o6pa30BaHiein>, cnopn th- 
atynpica o6ukhob6hho craBHTca Ha mEpoRyv) BpEAEnecsyn no^By, 
AonycRaromyi) TeoperEqecsyx) paspaCoTKy BonpocoBB npaBa h ho . 
HutnmyD t4cho8 obese ct> m4cthhme ycjioBiaME e se3hbx>. KpoM* 
' Toro, DpflAE^ecRifl OTHomeHia, saTporEBaionUa cepB63Hue HHTepecu,. 

06cTaBJiaH)TCa 06hKH0B6HH0, npE B03HERH0BeHiH CB06MB, BC4ME $0p- 

MajEBHocTflMH, KOTopua ynponHBaroTB h ofiesneiEBawTB npaBa e o6a- 
saHHOGTE o64exb cTopoffL: c^KaifB npHAaeica nacLMeHaaa $opjca, 
npa6traeTca ri sacBHAfcTeJBCTBOBaHiflM'B bt> ycTaso&ieHEOKb nopaj^i 
h t. n. TaKT> tto, npa paspimeHia a*** Tasoro po^a, cyA* HiAeTB * 
$o3mo«hoctb ho cnycKaTBCfl cb TeopeiEqecKEX'B bhcotb npaBa h pyso- 

BOACTBOBaTBGfl liUiE (fcopMaJbHHMH A&HHUMH, KOTOpUE npeAOTaBieHH 

cropoaaMH. ^ooTHraeMaa, tassirB 0<Spa30irB, (J)opMaibHaa npaBAa e 6y- 
AOTB K0H6HH0K) h^jilk) A4aTeiBB0CTB cyAa. CoBnaAaerB-jra orb Hen npaBAa 
peaiBHaa, btotb BonpocB cyAOM* ae craBBTca, a* s. ho mosotb cTa- * 
BETBCE no ycjiOBiaiTB ero AiaieiBHOCTH. O^eBEAso, npn Taisofi no- 
craaoBEi ff^a, Tara He hosotb He BBipa6oTaTbca BpeMeHearB coBep- 
t meHHo oco6aro oTHomeaia kb j&xj, soTopoe mosho HasBaTB $opnaiB- 
huitb h TeopeTEHHHiTB. 3a AOKyueHTOurB h AOsasaTejiBCTBoirB cy/n> 

OTBUKaOTL BEA^TB 2KHBBIXI JODJlfitL H peaJEBHUfl OTBOffleHia. TaKOft 

cy^B, Bnojai ,nocTHraK>mift i^-kua bi» A^axt H3BicTHaro po^a, 6y^eTB 
coBciin> He Ha Micrt, ecjH euy npeAocTaBETB pa3piineaie MeJKaxt, 
eseAHeBHiixi CTOUHOBOHiS, r^ o oo6jnoAeBifl ^opHaiBSOdefi a piqa | 

H6 M0S6TB 6bITb, H Tjfr AOfipaTBCH Jlfl ECTEHKE MOSHO T01BK0 HpH O^HOITB *| 

yciOBia, — npa nojaoMB 3aaK0MCTBi cb tobo SE3HeHH0i> o6cTaHOBKoft, ; 

KOTopaa nopoAPJa cmisHOBeme. A ecja bto Tasi, to h npe^noioae- | 
Hie co8AaTB jyia. HtcTHaro cy^BH BTopyn noBiporays) HHCTaHH.tK) bb t 

jleh$ ospysHoro oy^a bx Bucmefi cieneaa ae seaaTexBHO. MicrHufi ' ! 

Cy#BE, KOpOTKO 3HaR0M£IH He T0J1BR0 CI MtCTEUME yCJIOBiflME, HO SO- | 

jy&ARO e cb jrauaMH, mspoRO noJu&yeTca cboemb npasoHi paspimarB . 

tfiuro no coBtcTH, cbo6oaeo onjtHEBaTB npe#CTaBxeHHHfl ^oEaaaTeiLCTBa, ! 

e CTpeMHTca bt> Kaayi,OMx cjiyqat o6HapyacaTB He $opitasBHyD, a i 



HOBHfl KHHrH. 51 

peajiBHyro npaB^y. npaBHJCbHO-u, jiorn^Ho-jm noA^HHHTB ero pime- 
mz BT&poft HHCiaHipH, npHBHRmeft KT> $OpMaiBHOMy OTHOmeHifi) Kb 
CTopoHaifB h hx*b TpefiofiaHiflui h Maio SHaROMOfl cb Mipojrb -rfcx* 
MdJieHBEHX'L HHTepecoBt, ROTopue efi npHA6T0fl pa3CMaipHBaTB h pa3- 
pimaTB? Kasi RpecTBHHCRift cyffB, flificTByromift Ha norai ofinHaa h 
MtcTHMit ycaoBift, H6JiB3fl hoa^hhhtb, 6e3*B JiorflraecRaro npoTHBopiiiH 
h npaETaqecKaro Bpe^a, TasoMy cyay, KOTopnfi o6flsaH i B pyKOBOACTBO- 

BaTLCfl TOJTbKO IiacaHHHMt 3aR0H0Ml>; TaKl H Ha TOMT> ace OCHOBaHifl 
lrfjCTHHft HO RpeOTBflHCKift CyflBH ROJLXeWh HltflTB BTOpyD HHCTaHltfH), 

cocTaBieHHyK) H3t TaKHX*B S6 MtcTHHX'L cyfleft. Toibko EOJueria Ta- 

RHX* CyAefi, 3HaK0MHXT, TaS»e CB HtCTHHUB «HTefiORHMB 06HX0A0Btt, 

HMierL bo3moshootb oi^hetb, RaEB catflyerB, pimeHie H HOHHTB 

C006paX6Hifl, HO ROTOpHlTB H3B'6CTHMfl A0Ra3aT6IBCTBa OTBeprHyTH, a 

Apyria hojkhmhh bt» ocHOBaHie pfcmeHifl. 

O. Coiiiiory6i>. 



HOBHH KHHrH. 

HOJieSHaa 6H&dOTeBa. T. CTKBeHOB. Boispyrb cB*ra Ha bbxoch* 
toefl*. JJb* tooth. HepeBOffb ct anrjiiftcKaro. CHE. 1896. 

HexaBHO rai3eTU coo6majra o KaKOMi>-To $paHuy3^ Mhjio, 
KOTopufl, Ha napn, coBepranjit nyTemecTBie H3t AHTBepneHa bi> 
Bpioccejit 3amt*AK0Mh enepedz^ t. e. bcfo aopory mthcb Ha3ajrb. 
TenepB STorB Mhjio npeanpHHHMaerB KpyrocB^THoe nyTemecTBie 
r&wh ace paKonoAo6HBiMi> o6pa30M , B, h ecjin bto sairfrcaTejiBHtoe 
npeflnpiflTie yaacTca, to, kohctoo, bi> Jiynax-B cjiaBti npeanpiHM- 
HHBaro $paHiiy3a no6ji^jiu^eTb h HCHe3Henb oJiaBa HainHXt 
BepHOBUx*B, n-feniKOBfcixi> h t. n. IIoABHrB Mhjio 3a6y^eTCH He 
paH-fee, npescae tEmt* hbhtch apyrofi repoft, KOTopufl nponoJi3erb 
BOKpyrx csisTa na HeTBepeHBKaxi> hjih npocKaHeTt Ha ojcnoft 
Horfc. HacjiaAHTBCH TaKHMi. 3p^jiHmeMi> cyacneHo, kohchho, yaci> 
He HaraeMy, a OTajwaTOMy B^Ky. 

AMepnKaHem> Cthbchcb npHHaajieHcnrB KaiCB pa3i> k*b aTOMy 
pa3pHny cnopTCMeHOBi,. Bb Teqeme OTyx'B ji^tb (1884 — 1886) 
oh"b npo^xajit Ha Bejiocnnerfc nepe3% AicepHKy, orc» C. *paa- 
UHCKa ao Htio-IopKa, nepenpaBHJicn Bt Anrjiiio, npo^xaBinn 
KOTopyio nepe6pajicfl bo OpaHixiio, H3i» KOTopofl ^epe3i> TepMa- 
Hiio, Abctpik), 4 Cep6iio, Bojirapiw, * Typruio Honaji'b b*b Ma^yio 
A3iK>, o6i>'£3flHJi'b ee, aa^aJi 1 * B1> ApMeHiio h Hepe3-b KypflH- 
cTam. aoGpajica jto UepQjv jj3i> Ilepciu Mopent nepe^xajit bi> 
HHfliio, HCKOJiecHBran Korrs iicP^6oajic» Hepe3i> KHTafi Bt Hqo- 

\^' 4* 



52 P7CCS0B BOrATCTBO. 

Hirt), orryfla nepeai* 0Keam> nepenpaBHJiCii flOMOft. Hy ^ htohcb? 
Jla cobc^mi> HHHero: b*b pesyjiBTarfe Kypte3Haro uyTemec?BiH — 
hobojibho Tomaa KHHra, b*b KOTopoft coo6maioTCJi o npo*£xaHHBix*B 
cTpaHaxi> CB^R^Bisiy flaBHO Bomeamisi b*b ajieMeHTapHue ynedHHKH 
reorpaiJriH. Jlaxce B3aaTeJiB hjih nepeBojrraiCB khoth CTHBeHca 
npR3Haen. bi> M npejiHCJiOBiH M , ^to „3aM*feTKH CTHBeHca He 6jie- 
myra hh rjiy6oKOK) mbicjibio, hh cepBe3HocrBK> coaepHcaHia, ho 
3a to ziaForB Maccy HHTepecHaro MaTepiana fljra Jiencaro HTeHifl". 
Ho cTporo roBopa, aaace stoto HejiB3a CKa3an>. TaicB KaiCB mbicjih 
CTHBeHca bo BpeMfl nyTH cocpejiOTOHHBaJiHCB rjiaBHUMi, o6pa- 
3omi> na BeJiocHneirfe, Ha ero coxpaHHocTH h ncnpaBHOCTH, Ha 
erne Ha 3a6oTaxi> o6i> oC^xfe h o Honjierf, to 3HaiHTejiBHa5i 
^aCTb KHHrH aobojibho yTOMHTeJibHa no CBoeMy OAHOo6pa3iio. 
Hac-b 3aHHTepecoBaJia flpyrafl, 6oji^e o6maa, Taic-B CKa3aTB, 
u;u.'i'nuLsi dopoHa jrfejia. Pa3CKa3biBafl o xchtcjiax'b BocTpKa h 
ynoMHHyBTb o6*b Hxt npHBuqiCE M noHecBiBaTBCH u , Cthbchcb 3a- 

M^HaeT-B". „OjIHH'B H3B"ECTHL10 3K0H0MHCTB COECaJI^JTB o HenpH3Bo- 

;uiTc;ji>no 3aTpaHHBaeM0fi 3Heprin co6aKi> jxjih bhjihhis xboctomb; 
KaKi> >ice 6u ropBKO omiaKHBaJTB oht> ynoMjrayToe tojibko hto 
saiiSTie, noBCiOfly pacnpocTpaneHHoe b"b A3ih h Ha KOTopoe Tpa- 

THTCJt He MaJIO CHJI-b* 4 . HaHO JiyMaTB, *TO „H3B^CTHBlft 8KOHO- 

MiicTT-/* enie 6oji^e ropBico omiaKHBaJTB 6bi noaBHra repoeB-B 
BejiocuiiejiHaro cnopia. IIpoH3Bo;iHTejiBHO-jiH 3aTpaHHBajii> cboio 
aneprUo Cthbchcb? A SHepria 3Ta bi> caMoiTB j&jl^ H3yMHTejii>Ha. 
CTiiBeHcy npHxoflHJiocb bt> aoporfe BCTp*feHaTBCH h cpaxcaTBCfl CB 
xiniuJMMH 3B^paMH, a oxuaa.yK.jiu jia5Ke cb rpeMynefi 3ar£efi,' npn- 
xo^hjiocb rojiojiaTB h xoJioaaTB, nepenpaBJMTBCfl cb onacHocTBio 

HJ15J ^H3HH Hepe31> HeB^JIOMbie nOTOKH H T. JI. H T. H. Bc^B 3TH 

cboh npHKJiiOHeHifl Cthbchcb pa3CKa3BiBaeTi> ohchb npocro, 6e3i> 

BC5IKO0 pHCOBKH, BT> H'feKOTOpBIXT*, OCO(5eHHO TpaTHHCCKHXT* CJiy- 

Haaxii ohi* aaxce cKptiBaerB pa3BS3Ky, ctslbsi MHoro3HaiHTejiBHoe 
wHoroToiie. TaiCB, pa3CKa3aBi> o6*b ojihom-b h3*b cbohx-b MHorb- 
qiic;]eHHBix , B cTOJiKHOBeHifl cb KHTafinaMH, ohi> daicjifonaerB oji^- 
ttytomiiMB o6pa30M*B: n Bi> nepBBifl pa3i> cb rfexi> nop*B, KaKB a 
bt> KiiTa'i, MH*fe npHnuiocB npnC'irHyTB kt> homohxh peBOJiBBepa, 

KOTopufl cocjiy^CHJi*B MH'fe oTJiHHHyio cjiy»c6y u Hto CKpBI- 

Baexcji nofli> 3thmi> MHoroTOHieM'B? HecoMH^HHO, y6iflcTBO OflHoro, 

a CtJTB MOJKeT'B, H H-feCKOJlBKHX-B HCJIOB^K-B . IIpOCTBUI OCTpaCTKH 

peBOJi^BepoM'B Cthbchcb onncBiBaeT-B 6e3*B BcaKHXB. crtcneHia 
e He i a3BiBaerB hxt> omMMHOU CMjomffou. HTaKi>, MHoroKpaTHtifi 
pucKt co6cTBeHHofl ^ch3hbk) h oTHHTie HyEcoft — paflH Hero? y»c*B, 
KoaeqHo 1 Jiynme 6bi CTHBeHcy cha^tb aoaia h TpaTHTB cboio 
aaepriio xoth Ha „6e3npecTaHHoe nonecBiBaHie", He>ftejiH Ha Taicie, 

DOABHfH, 



HOBMH KEHrH. . 53 

BacHH h 6hju. H. B. Mocjiobhto. CEB. 1896. 
OflHy H3i> cboex-b 6aceHi> r. MacjiOBHHB saKJHOHaera t&khm'l 
"3aM^HaHieMi» pro domo: 

Tfroarc, Kosen (5htb cthxh moh He 6es% rpixoB'b: 
HamiHCB HHTaiejiH h w& mohxi cthxobb. 

Eme 6h He HafiracB! Jl'fejio bt» tomt>, hto r. MacJiOBHHi*— 
KbzTejih Tofl „Majiofl npeccu u , hhcjio HHTaTejiefi KOTopofl yBejin- 
HHBaeTca ci> KajKjiuurb HOBOHcneHeHHtiMi* rpaMorfeeMTb. Jtocra- 
toiho oCjiajxaTB npocTofl rpaMoraocTBio, hto6h BCTynaTB Ha paB- 
hhxb npaBaxB bt> coGecfeaoBame cb r. MacjiOBHHeMB h jufe- 
hhtb Befe KpacoTti ero TBopnecTBa, KaKofl HeTpyniKa 3aTpya- 

HHTCH Olri&HHTB BOO COJIB XOTfl 6u TaKOfi 6aCHHI 

Ha BHnmaxi raxoK'b noirs nyraa, 

YBH^JTb b% KiiTKi nonyraa 

Bftpyrt, cjHnmT'b, moibhtb nonyrafi: 
„noffiaiy3, raioro nons nyrafi, 
Ho Bee ate raxoro, noni nyraa, 
HoRod He Hapymafi HanpacHo nonyraa"! 

JIOBKO! BoiTB 8T0 TaiCB JIOBKOl MOHCHO HeCTH HpHIIHCaTB! 
H3B COHHHHTeJieBB plJflKO KOtOpLlfl MOXCeTB TaKB CKJiaHHO 

npn^yMaTB: „noni> nyrafl, nonyrafl". H bto tojibko oflaa 6acHH, 
a bt» khbhck* hx-b 6ojiBme COTHH— TO-TO CTaCTBe! 



HyaBftXI. C6opmara CTuxoTBOpeiiifl. MooKBa. 1896—97 r. 
Ilpexcae Bcero, pa3yM*feeTC5i, uu <5ujih saHHTepecoBaHti 3ar- 
jiaBieMB cCopHHKa: kslkiz „Hy3Km u , hbh Hyacau? Eme 6ojrfee 

y^HBHJIHCB MB1, KOrfla yBHfl*JIH flaJlBHie, HTO c6opHHICB BJIOflB 

cobm^cthhx-b TpynoBB mpudwunu eoctMu aBTopoB'B, aieaKay koto- 
Plimh^ mli' He HaouiH hh oAHoro 3HaKOMaro hmchh! BapjiurnHB, 
KoaupeB-B, Kohohjihcob-b, Pa3opeHOBB, Hcmhcobi., HlKyjieB'B h 
t. a. — cjiuxajiH-JiH bh o TaKHxx nosTax-B? J&jio Ha^ajio JIJISL 
Haci> h^ckojibko pa3BflCHHTLCH, Koraa mbi yBHjx^jiH nocBHmeme, 
KOTopoe rjiaoHTB TaKB: w# Ho6pofl naMHTH csoero oo6paTa HBaHa 
AMHTpieBHHa PoflioHOBa nolBgmaeT'B KpyxcoKB caMoy^KB— im- 
caTejieft tf . EteaaTejieM-B c6opHHKa HBJiJieTCS Torb »ce „Kpy3K0icB 
caMoyHeKB — nncaTeJieft". HiaiCB, nepejTB HaMH pajtb ae6iOTaH- 

TOBB H npH TOMl> M CaMOyHeKB M , KaiCB OHH HaCTOfllHBO CaMH 

ce6a peKOMeHflyiorb, A w Hy»cflM w npn HeMii- TyTB? A Bci ohh, 
3th M nHcaiejiH — caMoynKH", oiMTB-TaKH no hxi* co6cTBeHHOMy 
saHBJieHiio, npeiepn^BaiOT'B hjih npeTepn^sajiH MHoropaanHHHBiH 
„Hy3K^H u , o vewb n cn^ma/TB TOBecTH no cb^a^hIh HHTaTejia. 
OneBH^Ho, c6ophhkx G^jio ^ u npaBHjiBH^e 03arjiaBHTB „Otb 

HyaCfltl", HJIH „IIO H F^CK* 4C , 1WM 1 KaK-B HH6yja> SflaiCB, hto6u 

cpa3y BBecTH HHTaTeji^ ^ jcypcB tffejia, ne B036y«aaH Heao- 
yM^Hifl. ^ 



ftp- • ••. 



i 






54 TyCCKOE BOMCTBO. 

m 

% 

Hann> peneHaeHTCKifi onurb o6niHpeHi> 1 ho aojixcbo cosHaTBCjr, 

^' '•* HHKOffla mh He ^yBCTBOBajiH ce6a b*b 6ojrfee CTpamoM-b h ne- 

4 jiobkom-b. HOJioxceHiH, HOKejin bi> 3Ty MHHyTy: nepe^i HaMH 'TpHfl- 

^v uaTb boccmb mojioehx-b noaTOBT*, h bc& ohh HHneMy He ytrajracb 

S; H BC< £ OHH i CBepxi* Toro, Tepnarc. jiHraema, „Hyxcjxu u . Hto cKa- 

^; 3aTB hmt>? Ocm-Iiotb hxt> Chjio 6u jierKo, ho 6mjio 6m eea^eJio- 

; * b*£hho, aa h He ir£jiecoo6pa3HO, noTOMy hto HacM^nnca — npeBoc- 

t~ ' xo^Hoe opy«ie npoTHBi. BpeaHHX'B nHcaTejieft, ho HeyM'fecTHa 

# npoTHBi> nncaTejieft, HanHHaionxHXi* npHMO ci> sasrajienia o CBoeft 

** . ayxoBHofl h MaTepiajibHoft 6e3noMomHocTH. OflHaico, ci> apyroft 

^ cTof)OHw, b£ab jiHTepaTypa h He cTpaHHonpiHMHuft homt», H MU 

jr 06fl3aHM, KaKl> 6U 6T0 HH 6fcIJIO JIHHHO flJIil HaCB TflXCeJIO, offig- 

■••'., . 30HM dnpocHTB HainHxi> jie6ioTaHTOBi»: ct h^mt» bh HjjeTe bi» jih- 

. Tep^Typy? Hto HM-fceTe bh cKa3aTb Haii*b? IIoHeMy bu ciHTaeTe 

!^ ' ce6a npnroflHUMH kt> ctojib TpynHOMy fffejiy, KaKt noaraHecicoe 

TBopHebTBo? BucjiyniaflTe, TOTaTeJiB, otb^jtb: „pojib nncaTejia 
.'. cjihhikomi* yBJieKaTejiBHaa pojib. Kto H3-b Haci» bi> oTpo^ecTB^, 

a ^artMi> bt> »HoniecTB*i (t. e. bt> iohocth — 3-3xi>!) He MenxajTB 

cnj&jidiThcsi nHcaTeJieMi>? Tojibko Torb N nofiMeri> bck> CHJiy boctop- 

^ ^ceHHaro co'ctohhIh, kto ncnuTajit 3to cocTOflHie. HejiOB'feK'B, 

|j- J '*' HenpHnacTHfjfl kt> jiHTepaTyp'fe, He Moxceri» hohjitb h ou^hhtb 

* ■ bck) 'cHJiy BOCTopra h panocTeft neCioTaHTa — jiHTepaTopa" (Ilpe- 

jiHCJiOBie). Bi> pa3CKa3axt noKofiHaro Top6yHOBa oehhi> Kynem> 
^ Ha Bonpoci>: 3aH^Mi> bu ntflHCTByeTe? OTB^naerb: n nJix boc- 

Topra— ct>! u Otb^t-b Bynua CM*fenieH7>, ho b^b sto— totb caMuft 
i. otb^tb, KOTopuft Rsuovb HaMt h HaniH fle6K>TaHTM. CymecTBeH- 

Haa pa3HHiia aaKJiionaeTCH bi> tom*b, hto Kynem> roBopnrb o 

i . Kknfe JIHHHOWB H HHHTOatHOM-B, TOrjia KaKl> HaniH H03T« TOBO- 

psnrh o a^ji'fe o6mecTBeHHOMi> h cepteaHOMTb, OT^ero h otb^tb 
hx*b nepecTaeirB 6utb tojibko komhhhbimt> h cTaHOBHTCH — He 
dporH^BafiTecB, rocno^a — npocTo-TaKH HenpHJiHHHUMT*. Hanra ne- 
6»TaHTU, noBHflHMOMy, caMH coo6pa3HJiH 3to h nocn^miUTH 
BujiBHHyjB apyroft apryMeHTB, cji^jsjJomX^: ^npocn^OTTe paOoTU 
no3TOBi> — caMoyneKi>, a name Bcero npocTUxi> cTEXOTBopiieBi., 
bhhkhhtc bi> cmhcjtb HanHcaHHaro KaKi> moxcho norjiy6»ce, H BU 

He MOHCeTe He ' 3aM^THTB, KaK'B M^CTaMH 6jieCTflrb HCKOpKH Ta- 

jiaHTa, npaB^a, hckopkh MajieHbKia, cjia6eHBKifl $ nyTB npHM^T- 

HHH, HO BCeTaKH HCKOJ»CH TOrO Bo>KBHrO flapa, KOTOpHft aaetcH 

jiajieKO He KaxcjgOMy h KOTopufl cocTaBJiaerB yff^Jii> H36paHHH- 
kob-b. Ho KaKi> ^ce Tpe6oBaTB npouBJieHia 6oJiBinHXi> h 6oji%e 
hjih MeH^e cm^jiuxi* B3MaxoBi> otb Toro, hba Jia^BH o6ype6oeMOH 
• fypeio (3-3xi>!) )KHTeflcKaro wopa h 6e3i» Toro eflBa aep^KHTCH Ha 
HOBepxHocTH bojxbi» (IIpeflHCJioBie). 3ro 3HaHHTi>, hto HarnH ne6io- 
TaBTH nHmyTT, He juix co6cTBeHHaro n BOCTopra u to^bko, ho h 
EJifl BOCTopra ^HTaTejia. TyTi. KpoeTCH H^KOTopoe HejiopasyM'fcHie, 
KOTopoe Hajto pa3*HCHHTB. CoBepraeHHo cnpaBeflJiHBO roBopars 



HOBBIfl KHHTH. * ^ 55 

' rocnoaa neGrorraHTBi, hto ofen He noaTti, a „*iame Bcero npocTtie 
cTHXOTBopuH". TaKt HeyaeejiH aee ohh cepte3H0 ayMaiorB, 

HTO yM*^HBe HHCaTb CTHXH eCTB M Eo»ift flapi>, KOTOptlft COCTaB- 

jiaerb yx&jvb H30paHHHKOBT>"? Kb HHCJiy manux* H36paHHHKOB-B 
cirfejio Moryrb Gbitb npHHHCJieHH oieHB MHprie KJiyGHiie mBefl- 
napu h TpaKTHpHtie . nojioBue, KOTopue no3npaBJiaiorB cbohxb • 
„rocno;n»" ci> hobhmb rojtoMi> h ci> mnpoKoft MacJiflHHiiefi HHorxa 
bi> OHeHb Aaxce rjiazucnxB cTHxaxB co6cTBeHHaro H3^Jiin. Ha 
caMOMB jrfcji'fc npeTeH3iH HaniHXT> ne(5iOTaHTOBB Bnyn> ropasfto 
xaJiBme. Ckpomho Ha3HBa5i ce6a b*b npeRHCJiOBin „CTHX0TB0p- 

UaMH — CaMO^HKaMH u , BB CBOHXB CTHXaXB OHH BLipaMCaiOTX TOTOOT 

Taxis ace Hafleaoxbi, KaKiaB'B cBoe Bpenifl BupaacajiB caMB Ilym- 
khhi: M cjiyxi. 060 MH-fe npoflneTi> no Bcefl Pycn BejiHKoft" h t. a. 
JXa, CMnpeHHoe yica3aHie Ha M MajieHBKi», cjia6eHBKiii, nyTB npn- 

M^THBIfl HCKOpKH TaJiaHTa" BfcipOCJIO y HaiDHXl* fle6K)TaHT0Bl» Bl> 

cn-feflyionxyK) caiiooirtHKy: 

HairfeBH rpycTHue, pojHiie, 
Kara MHoro cepwy bbi cKa3aiH, 
OniHATt BacB cepOTa npocTua 
H 6yKjrh itbtb BacB bi Haas nenaiH. 

HbBUBI, CBIHH CeMBH HapOflHOft, 
Bfc BaCL BHJHH CH&QIfl yCHJBJI 

PacnpaBHTB mhcjh 6jiaropo,KHOft, 
Hysaoft npH^aBieBHna KpBiJBfl. 
3arbm— to cthxi Banrt nojoHi nyBCTBa, 
H roBopHTb aynrfe Tas'b MHoro.... 
Bnepe^B xe, 6paTM, b% Mip-B HCKyccTBa, 
Xotb h Tpyana Ty^a Aopora. 
ApyxHirii, niBmi! 3apa HayKH 
Ha#B PycBD mhjoS pasropHrca, 
H Bama irfecHB raxejoft mjsh 

HapO^OM'B pyCCEHM* HOBTOpHTCfl! 
KCTaTH, 8TO CTHXOTBOpeHie MOHCeTB CJiyMCHTb THnHHeCKHM-B 

o6pa3HHKOMi cTHXoTBopHaro HCKyccTBa r. r. ae6iOTaHTOBB: kbjcl 
BHKHTe, Morjio 6u h naace hojietho 6bi 6htb jiynme, ho HeuypHo 
BceraKH, chocho, bi> oco6chhocth jpiz JiKwft, HCH3HeHHafl jiauta 
kotophxii oCypeBaeTca 6ypefl h ejie flepjKHTca Ha noBepxHocra. 
Ho He b-b TOM*B K&JIO. KaKi> Baui> HpaBHTcn TaKan caMoon^HKa? 
Cm-^jibi^ ycHJiifi 6jiaropoAHofi mbicjih, cthx*b hojioht* nyBCTBa h 
MHoro roBopHTi, cepflixy, pyccKifl Hapofli> 6ynevb hobtophtb hxi» # 
h^chh,— fla b^b hh Kojibuob-b, hh HeKpacoBi> HHKoraa He tobo- • 
PHjih h He p'femBJiHCB 6u cKa3aTB o CBoefl no83iH HH^ero no^oO- 
Haro! Ho HeroaoBaTB Tyrt He Ha Koro h He Ha hto: HanBHoe 
caMOMH^Hie HaranxB ^e6K)TaHTOBi. hpohcxoahtb orb HedHanin, 

BB KOTOPOMB OHH He BfcHOBaTBJ. OHH ^KHB^firaHMB o6pa30Ml> 

HanoMHHJiH HaMt Toro nQ^Ta Tji^Oa YcneHCKaro h3t> pa3CKa3a 
„rojiojiHa« CMepTb", kot rt j*ft, yKa3UBaa bt> cbohxt> cTHxax*B Ha 
HHmeTy h Hec^acTie, ^ ^ TTVvaJii> % hto otkphjit> CBoero poaa 



56^ ' PyCCKOE BOrATGTBO. 

AnepHKy, h hto bcE n HcnyraiOTCfl 1 *Koraa oht> paaacaacerb h" 
3aKpHHHrB Ha Be'cb 6£jiMfi cb^tb: — hto bm, pe65rra? Pa3B^ TaK-b 
bosmgjkho? Sto, 6paTiiH, He MOflejib! Hto bm, noJioyMHMe, ony- 
uILih, hto jih? u . Hanuiacb flo6paa nyma, o6i>acHHBinaji G'feaHouy 
noBxy— caMoynicfe ero ocHOBHyio onra6Ky. „Ohi> HanpaaceHHO— 
BHHMaxejibHO BCJiyraHBajica bt> e« p-fena— Bferjb, Hanero oht> 3Toro 
He 3Kajn>. He 3HaJii> ohi», hto h ao Hero nacanocb— a Eoace 
mo5 cKOJibKoI — cthxobi> na r§ ace tcmm, hto h ao Hero 6mjih 
*tk>ah, 3HaBmie 6"£fly h xceJiaBmie nouoHb BTOMy ropio.... Hanero 
uiil 3xoro He aaajrb h TOJibKO yxcacajica, cjiymaa stb pa3CKa3M*. 
Hawi> xorfejiocb 6m no oTHoineHiio ki> HamHMi> noaTairb — caMo- 
yncaMt cburpaTb 3Ty ace pojib ao6pofi ayma. YB^pxewh Bacb, 
^Qciiona, hto AMepnKa flaBHO OTKptiTa. He bi> tomi> G'fejta, hto 

BM COJKU yWMttft, a BT> TOMT>, HTO BM, OHeBHAHO, MaJIO yHHJIHCb. 

J; n ^poTHBHOWb cjryna'fe, bm He npajjaBajra 6m CBoefl ;rj&aTejib- 
hocth HecooTB-feTCTByionxaro 3HaneHia, He CMoxptjia 6m Ha cthxo- 
cjiaraTejibCTBO, Kaicb Ha cepbe3Hoe 3aHHTie, h Hanura 6m zura 
ceGa irfejio MeH^e BHAHoe h inyimoe, ho 6o;rfee miojjOTBopHoe, 
hokcjih coHHHeHie n-fcceH-b. Toraa, noB'fepbTe, h uyowda orb Baci> 
0TBH3ajiacb 6m. 



B H. Gobojiobi. HoBaa mana. iiob4ct*. Mockba 1896. 
lhmh h raynMfl KHHrn npiarao h HeTpyflHO peiieH3HpoBaTb: o 
nepBuxb Boeraa ecTb hto cicaaaTb, ecTb Haa*b Tfeirb nopa3cyaaTb, 
bo Bi-opMXi> Bceraa HaflfleTca hto Ha6yab, Hafl2> h$mi> mohcho 
nocMBflTbOfl h norayxHTb. Ho acTBHHMirb 6o3kcckhmt» Haicaaa- . 
siewh HBjiflioTCfl ffJia peaeraeHTa KHara, o kotopmxt* aa)Ke toix> 
Hejib3H cica3aTb, hto bxt> He Haflo6no HHTaTb. noneMy ace He 
HanoGno? To ecTb H*ferb noJioacHTejibHoft Haao6HOCTa, ho h 

K$f$ iTOJIOXCHTeJIbHOfi HeHafl06HOCTH, H*ferb HOJIb3M, HO H-ETb H 

Bpezxa HHKajcoro, a B*feflb Bee xeb TaKH 3to KHara, a He KapTM, 
HTeeie, a He BHHTb. 3to BO-uepBUX-b. Bo-btopmxi>, ecjia aBTopu 
TaKuxb KHHrb AftJieKo He npaHaflneacarb kt> paapaay 6ojibmax3» 
ynos-b a TaJiaHTOBi>, to B-fcflb no3BOJiHTeJibHO npeflnoJioacBTb, 
hto ^ajieKo h He bc£ nacaTejin o6p*feTaiOTca Ha caMOAfb BMcmeicb 
ypoBH-B yMCTBeHHaro pa8BHTia. A CTajio 6MTb, KaK-b pynaTbca, 
-ftu Ta hjih flpyraa, no Baineity h no HameMy liH-feniio, 6e3- 
UB^tHaH KHara He Hafi^eTb ce6^ TaKaxi> HHTaTejieA, KOTopue 
liaii.'iyrb B*b Heft a Koe hto HOBoe a Koe hto noynaTe/ibHoe fljia 
ce6fl? Ecjih KHara eooSme 6e3BpeflHa — aro 3HaHHTi> f hto oHa mo- 
ofcetm 6umt> nojiesHa. 

RoB^cTb r. CoKOJiOBa 6e3iiB^THa a 6e3BpeAHa, KaKb miiDHe- 
mvA iiona. CKa3aBinH sto, mm cbok> peaeHseHTCfcyio o6fl3aH- 
Hocib acnojiHHJiB, a Tenepb y)Ki> bm caMa p^maftTe: naTb BaMb 
hjih ne narb, naiaTb bjib He HHTaTb. 3KejiynKa bm ce6% He 



HOBBIfl KHHfH. 57 

HcnopTHTe, 3a 3to BaMi> pynaeMCH, a yac*B TaMT> Barae a^jio. Bo 
bchkomb cjiynafc mm TenepB ace iio^ceicB yKaaara Ha jjobojibho 
oGnrapHuft icpyrb HHTaTeJiefl, kotopumt* noB-fcdB r. CoKOJioBa 
Moserb npHHecTH nojiOHCHTejiBHyio h HHcro-npaKTHHecKyio nojn>3y: 
3to — bc£ Hamn rHMHa3HCTU h Kaaera CTapmnxB KJiaccoBi. 
Botb, roonoaa, cKa3ajie 6u mu simch mojioehm-b jhohhm-b, bott> 
BaM*B o6pasem>, KaKB HyacHo nncaTB ^coHHHeHia'- 4 no pyccKo'iiy 
a3UKy, ecjiH kejiaeTe nojiyTOTB oneHB xopomift CajiJTB. Ecjih 
bu 6yaeTe BHHMaTeJiBHU h npnjieacHu, stot-b o6pa3ein» othjoab 
He npHBe^erb Bac-B bi> OTiaaHie CBoeio HeaocraxcHMOCTBio — 3a 

3TO MU TQ^Ce MOXteM'B HOpyHHTBCH. 



H. A. JleftKHHB. X«rb6H£lfl BOnpocB. H)MopncTiraecKie pa8CKa8H 
CUB. 1896. 

Kaic-b xopomo 6utb caMHM-B co6ofl! — BOCKJiHKHyjiH mu,' 
npocMOTp^B-b kewkkj r. JlefiKHHa. Eme He^aBHo mu yKa3u- 
Bajin Ha Hecoo6pa3HOCTb caTHpHHecKHXt npeTeH3ift aBtopa, 
KOToparo cyjjbCa coajxajia npocTo 6e3o6H£HUMB iomophctom-b, h Te- 
nepb mu pajxyeMCH 3a Hero: KHHXcica r. JlefiKHHa npescnojiHeHa 
HenowfejiBHofi BecejiocTH, KOTopaa aocTaBHrB HHxaTejiK) nfe- 

CKOJIBKO HpiaTHUXT* MHHyrB. #Jia KHHTH, KOHeHHO, 3TO HCMHO- 
ro, HO HTOiKT. BU XOTHTe? I\ JIeftKHHT> HlJMB 6oraTB, T^M1> H' 

pan*B. 



SBopara HejiHCbe. JlHTepaTypHoe ABHsesie vh XTS ctoj&tIh. 

HepeBOA* D. B. ^onneatMaftept. H^aHle E. T. CowreHKOB*. MocsBa. 1895 . 
KHnra IleJincbe — Hacroamaa HCTopia JiHTepaTypu bi» orpa- 

HHHeHHOMT> H HaH60JT£e TOHHOMB CMUCJlfe CJIOBa; CB ORHOfi CTO- 

poHU,— 3to He HCTopia Hjjefi h He HCTopia xyjiBTypu; c*b j*py- 
rofi— 3to TaiOKe He Bepemaixa 6iorpa<$ifi 3HaMeHHTHXB nHcaie- 
jiefi, ycHameHHaa acTeTHqecKHMH xapaKTepHcraKaMH hxt> bh- 
AaiomHxca npoH3Beflemfl. Hejincbe HHTepecyerca tojibko hcto- 
pieft $opmu; OTHaceme Hueft 3aHHMacn> ero jihihb noerojiBKy, 
nocKOjibKy BuaoaaerB nepexoau $opMi>, nocKOJibKy HaxoflHTca bo 
BsaHMOKfeftcTBUi cb npoueccoM'B TBopnecxaro C03Aama hobuxt> opy- 
ztfftBupaHeeHia, mucjih. <X>opMa KaKB cnoco6i>3CTeTHHecKaro B03;r£fi- 
CTBifl, 6e3ix^JibHaroH6e3CJi'^AHaro ) KaKB MHCTHnecKift hochtcjib 
Heonpefl-fejieHHofi KpacoTu, Be cymecTByerB rjisl Hero; ho $opMa, 
KaKB ott^hok'b coflep^KaHiH, KaKB oTpaxceme HueflAaro ABH^KeHia, 
KakB KaTeropin, AocTynHa* 6e3rpaHHHHOMy coBepmeHCTBOBamio, 
BupaxcaerB jijlk Hero Beci, q^ijcji*b JiHTepaTypHoft 3KH3HH, Bo3bmcm-b 
nepBufi nonaBmiflca upa^^ ^ u KapieaiaHcuAft pauioHaJiH3M , B oKa- 
saJi-B, HecoMH^rao, caMo^ j P jcoeBniaHieHanimpaTypy XVII b^- 
xa; HCTopHKi, uded Ha&j^^h&P p K ie q Ji^nbi bioto BJiiaHtsi tfa MHoro- 



EliSwaSSv 



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58 



PYCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 



o6pa3Hbix , B Bossp'fcHisix'B, Hamejcnrax'B BBipaHceme bb jiHTepa- 

TypHOft $OpM to. HOHCTOpHICB JIHTepaTypBI o6xOHHTI> 3TH B033p^Hi« H 

B03jrfeftcTBie Tetfpin ,,HHcraro pa3yMa" Ha JiHTepaTypy teaxonH*n> 

B*B 651 $OpMaXT>: B*B MeTOflHHHO-IipaBHJIBHOMB CTHJTfc, b:b JioraTOCKofl 
rfoCJTfcflOBaTejIBHOCTH, B-h HCKJUOTOHiH H3T> o6jiacTH H033iH CBO- 

6oru BjxoxHOBeHia h b*b noH^HHeHin oh OTporoMy jiHTepaTypHOMy 
KaHOHy; peaJiH3M*B HHHHBHflyajibHtix'B noflpo6Hocreft cKpHBae-rca 
3a a6cTpaKixiHMH paiiioHajiHCTHqecKHX'B o6o6meHifl, a KpHTHKa 
cboottch Ha MexaHH^ecKoe conocTaBJieHie xynoacecTBeHHaro npo- 

H3B6JieHi5I CB Henorp-feinHMBIM-B KOECKCOMB ,,HCKyCCTBa 11033m". 

Bt> o6jiacTH JiHTepaTypu, KaiCB h b*b Mip^fe pejinrin, $Hjioco$iH, 
hojihthkh, Bee KaaceTCH bt> 3Ty snoxy hcho h TBepao onperf£- 
jieHHUMi> h bot-b — „oj[^ npeflnncaHa Ta MHHMasi cBo6oaa craxa, 
hto Tpe6yerc> HCKycHoft h Tma*e*BHofi BBipa6oTKH; anonea He- 
pa3ptiBHO cBH3aHa cb CKa30HHbiMB sjieMeHTOBTB, a Tparejxia, bo 
bcb* BpeMeHa, noji3KHa bbibohhtb Ha cueHy HfleaJiBHBix-B repoeBi>, 
jieKJiaMBpyiomnxi. a.7ieKcaHjipiflcKHMH erpo$aMH cboh rapMOHHHe- 

CKiH, BBlCOKOnapBHH THpaRBI 1 '. 

TaKOBa HCXOjxHaa TOHKa, cb KOTopofl IlejiHCBe H3JiaraeTi> 

HCTopiio $paHny3CKoft jiHTepaTypu XIX BiJKa; ero KHnra He 

necTpnrB HMeHaMH nncaTejiefi h Ha3Bani5iMH khhhb; bt> Heft 

h-at-b hh 6H6jiiorpa$HHecKHX-B yKa3aHifl, hh Giorpa<|>HHecKHX , B 

• aHeKjiOTOBTb. Ho 3naHHTejiBHBiH $a3bi jiHTepaiypHaro aBHxceHi* 

HaXOflJiT-B 3fl1JCB M^TKyiO H fflHpOKyK) XapaKTepHCTHKy TaiCB 3K6, 

itaKT> jihhhocth h aapoBaHia caMtixij thhehhuxi. npencraBHTe- 

Jieft 3THX-B nOBOpOTOBT> B^ 06meCTBeHH0M*B C08HaHiH, oTpaaceH- 

hux^ Ha HCH3HH jiHTepaTypti. KjiaccHix , H3M'B f CM^HJieTCH „npo- 
B03B^CTHHKaMH XIX BlJica 1 ' — Pycco, BepHapaeHi>-fle-CeH'B-IlBe- 
PObtb, Rujipo, MepcBe h IIIeHbe. HoBaa JiHTepaTypa otkpm- 

BaeTCH JIHEHB CB BHfly npOTHBOHOJIOECHBlMH OCHOBaTeJIflMH po- 

MaHTH3Ma — m-me jie-GrajiB h IHaToCpiaHOMt; KjiaccnmraM-b, 
KJioHHmiflca kt> ynajjKy, He BioxcerB — ho cmotph Ha ycnjiia 
cbohxij nocji'fejiHHX'B npencTaBHTejieft, JXtocnoa h j^ejiHJia — yo*roaTB 
npejt*B HauopoM*B cb^^hxi* chji'b; poMaHTH3M*B ycTpaHkeTi* xo- 
jioflHyio pa3cyno^HocTB nceB^o-KjiaccHKOB-B h oTBepraerB ycjioB- 

HHfl KOaOKCB 3aK0H0Bl> ,,H3«mHarO BKyca li . JlHTepaTypHBlfl fl3BIK1» 
06H0BJIHeTC« HJ1H, B'fepH'toe, B03BpamaeTC5I Kl» CBOeMy HCTOHHHKy — 

^cHBofi HapojjHofi p^hh, Brt oCjiacTH jiHTepaTypnaro TBopnecTBa 
3axBa^eHu sthm-b mohxhbim'b hotokom-b. BepaH^ce, JlaMapTHHt, 
Miocce h Bap6Be b-b jihphk^, JXvomsl h ^e-BHHBH »bi> flpaM*fe, 
ToTBe bt> poMaH^&, h Bhrtopi* Tioro bo bc^xi* ponaxi> no33in — 
TaKOBbi 6opau 3a HOBoe HanpaBJieHie b-b HCKyccTB^. He Meirfce 
rjiy6oK*B nepeBopoT-B, npoH3BeAeHHBift poMaHTH3MOMi> bi* hcto- 
pin, — aocTaTOHHO Ha3fBaTB Tsepn, rn30, MHHbe, T&epaH Mninjie, — 
h bt» xyjioHcecTBeHHoft kphthk^, ra^, 3a csa6biMH nonbiTKaMH 
HOBaTop^TBa BHJiBMeHa h HH3apa, .paciiBli;raerB flapoBaHie ^,-JtyH-. 



E^.... 



/ 



HOBLia EHHrn. 59 

njaro KpHTHKa Hamero B^6ka 11 CeHTB-BeBa\ HcKaHie npaBjm npn- 
boahti. poMaHTH^ecKoe flBHxceme kb npeo6aaaamio bi» H3«mHoft 
jiHTepaTyp'fc Jiio6HMapo ^THma HOB"£flinefi no33ie — poiiaHa; jih- 
pHiecKan MaHepa Cem-IIpa Pycco, Kopunnu t-hch CTajiB h Pern 
IIIaToGpiaHa. nepexoOTTB b*b o6"BeKTHBHpoBaHie HenpaicpameHHofl 

fl'feflCTBHTeJIBHOCTH BT> 6oraTOM*B JIHtepaTypHOMB HaCJlfejUH 2Kophct> 

3aHfli>, CTeH^aJiH h EajiBaaica. 3to yace He HHCTtifi poM'aHTHBMt, 
6jiecT«mee nanyB^KOBoe rocnoacTBo KOToparo ycTynaerB bb 
CHJiy ecTecTBeHHoft peaicuiH HOBOMy JiHTepaTypHOMy HanpaBJieHiK). 
PeaAM3Mz, KaieB sto hh KaaceTCH c-b nepBaro B3rjiflaa geoacHjiaH- 
HfciMTb, oTpa^caeTca npeacjie Bcero Ha jihphk*£ — Bt nocji^flnHxt 
c6opHHKax < B Tioro, y JleKOHTB-ne-JlHJifl, Ciojijih IIpiOHOMa, Korine- 
h Bojuispa; bi> kphthkE oht> Haxoanrb Bupaxceme bi Tpyaax*> 
TsHa, bb HCTopia — y PeHaHa. PoMaHB, OKOHiaTejiBHO 3aM^HHB- 
mift 6e3njioTHi>i6 bhmhcjih KOHicpeTHoft npaBfloft, hochtb 

eme iri&KOTOpHe CJI^flLI 6e3HOHBeHHHOCTH pOMaHTHKOBl>-HEe- 
aJIHCTOB'B BT> TeHJieHm03HOMB MOpaJIH30BaHiH OKTaBa <Deft- 

jiBe, ho 3axlJM*B cpa3y cTaHOBHTca Ha HenoKOJie6HMyio noHBy 

HCTHHHO peaJIBHarO TBOp^eCTBa B7> OpHrHHaJIBHOM'B TBOp^e- 

CTB'fe <J>jio(5epa. Opb Hero h roHKypoBij BeaerB cBoe npoHcxoac- 
fleme HOB^flraift ,,HaTypajiH3M , B u , npio6p*Braift ce6^ ,,a6coJiK)T- 
Haro 3aKOHOflaTeji» il bb 3ojia h 6jiecT5imaro npeflCTaBHTejia bi> 
Roj&. HaKOHeirB, apaaia coBepraaeTi> 3HaMeHaTejn>Htift nepexoai*. 
on> 9puanu % 3K3ajiBTHpoBaHHaro upoayiCTa appeaJiBHofi aeKJia- 

ManiH pOMaHTH3Ma, KB floMfb Cb KaMeMAMUy BB KOTOpofi peajiH30- 

BaHH yace Bd& ochobhhh Hepna Teopin caeHHnecKoft npaBju*. 
XapaKTepHCTHKoft HaH6ojrfee cHJiBHaro H3B annroHOB-B fliOMa- 
3mhjia CbKBe — 3aKaHHHBaeTCH KHHra IlejiHCBe. B-b 6yaymeiiB 
OH«b He BHflHrB njioflOTBopHBixi. oTCTynjiemft orb nyra, naM^- 
neHHaro co3aaTejisMH peaaBHaro HCKyccTBa. ,,HoBaa KpacoTa" 
neKa^aHca h Heo-MHCTHiiH3Ma npoH3BOjmrB Ha Hero BnenaTJi^- 
Hie Haeroamaro BizpoxcaeHiji, nrS nyBCTByeTCH KaKoe-xo HCKyc- 
CTBeHHoe, HapKOTH^ecKoe BOsGyacneHie yrpaneHHOft chocoGhocth 

B'fcpHTB, TJlfc yTOHHeHHUM-B fl3HHH3MOM'B IipHKpfclBaeTCH HOJIHOe 

TBopqecKoe 6e3CHJiie. 3BOjmnisi JiHTepaTypti He BHeceTB cnjiom- 
Horo OTpHuamfl ea TenepemHefl CTaain; peajiH3MB ohhcthtoi 

JIHIHB OTB BCHKOfl HaHOCHOfi IpH3H H COXpaHHTB CBOK) CyTB — 

HCKpeHHee cTpemieHie hsbjic^b HaH6oJitrayK) HpaBCTBeHHyio noJiB3y 

H31> »H3HeHHOft HpaBflH. B*B 3T0M1> BHff"fe 0H1» He HOUXOOTTB 

y»ce fljia npoTHBonojiOMceHia hko6h Bpa)Ktte6Haro eMy ,,Hjje- 
aJiH3Ma 1 ': bb hcm*b He6xoflHMo eyneT'B npnsHaTB ,,hmb ace 
co3naHHtifl h ocyniecTBJifleMuft nueajii. GjiaroTBOpHaro HCKyc- 

CTBa 41 . 

Knara IlejiHCBe Becj. a conepsKaTeJiBma; O^aHaH kohkpct- 

HHMH $aKTaMH, OHa He gfh OCHOBaTeJLBHUX'B H03HaHift. Ho. 

TOTB, KTO HXB y«e HM^^ $& tfQ&y&Th ^b 3t<& OTT* ^%Kb U^H- 



60 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

huxi» o6o6meHifl, KOTopfcw npHBeflyTt bt» HOByio cacTeiiy ero 
roTORua 3HaHiji h tEm-b yAeczTepflTi* hxi> etShhoctb. 



rjl66EHCL. AHTJliftCBie pe<|>OpMaTOpa. nepeBoj* A. A. Comma. 

M*cKBa. 1896. 

AHrjiificKOMy aKOHOMHCTy-HCTopniey, rH66HHcy, npHimia bi» 
rojioBy cqacTJiHBaa mhojib no3HaROMHT& raTaiomyio ny6jiHKy 

C9b XCH3HBK) H^KOTOptlXI, BHJXaiOlUHXCfl CBOHXt COOTeHeCTBCHHH- 

kobtj, aoTopue cjiobom-b hjih jtfviowh co^ftcTBOBajiH ocymecTBJie- 
niio nanajiT* npaBflu h cnpaBejuiHBOcTH, OT3HBajract Ha Hyac- 
ru HiicnraxB KJiaccoBi., Ha crpajxaHisi Hec^acraux-B *h o6e3jno- 
jieHHux-B. rn66HHCi> Bu6Hpaen» hIjckojibko Btiflaromnxca mo- 
MenTORt HCTopin AHrJiiH, Kor.ua xoa*i» pa3BHTia arofi CTpamj, 
Boo6tne cnoKoflHuft h poBHHft, craHOBHTCH 6ojrfee 6ypHLnra>, no- 
jiy^aeTi> H^KOTopufl ApaMaTH^ecKifl xapaKTepi*. Bi> Taicia nepe- 
xoahijh 9HOXH, Kor^a bt> cTpanfe coBepmaeTOfl Kpyrofi nepeBO- 

pOTI, BO BCfcXtb 06meCTBeHHHXT» H IIOJIHTHHeCKHX!> yOJIOBiflX'B, 
pt,VE<', H^M1> K0rjja-JIH60, BHJTfcjIHIOTOa OTITfejI&HHH JIHHHOCTH, 

cTOHiuiii no yMy, TajiaHTaMfe, om*£jiocth h aHeprin Btirae oGmefi 
Maccbi, (JopMyjinpyiomifl hcho h onpejrfcjieHHO to, hto apyniMH 
tojibko CMyTHO co3HaeTca, yBJieieaiomiH 3a co6ok> TOJiny, npaKTH- 
■il'ckh ocymecTBjLaiomiH AaBHO Hasp^Bniia, ho ckphth* eme Ha- 
cymHua noTpe6HocTH. rH66HHd> ocraHaBJinBaeTc* npeHMyme- 
cthchuo Ha Tpexi> naM^THMXi. MOMeHTaxi aHrjiificKoft HCTopiH. 

ClOJia QTH0CHTC3, BO nepBBlXT*, SHOXa KpeCTBflHCKarO B03CTaHiH, 

nponcmeamaro bt» kohii^ 14-ro B-feaa, BCJiiacTBie »ceJiaHbi Jiop- 

HOBl> CHOBa BepHyTBCa Kb Kp'fellOCTHOliy HpaBy, KOTOpOe A03KHB%JI<T 

y>*ce Toraa oboh nocjrfcflHie ahh, BcrrfcacTBie hohkitkh jiop«OBi> B03- 
cTaHOBETb npexcmg HaTypajibHtia hobhhhoctb KpeoTbaHb, 6ap- 

mHHy H np M 3aM*HeHHUfl y3K1> TOrfla IjeHeHCHHMH nOBHHHOCTSMH. 

Bt> 3xy anoxy oco6eHHO BHjtf&JiHFOTca „HHmift-no3Ti» u — YHJibaii-b 
Jl3Hrjieejii>, aBTopt 3HaMeHHTaro „IIeTpa llaxapa", aBHBniaroca 
Bbrpa^ceHieMi> ToraainHHxi* nyBCTBT* h HacTpoema Hapoaa, h 
T1 Ce3yMHufi noin>" Rmowb Eojijib. HocJi^juriA npHHaaJiexcajrb xt 
HHCJiy t^xt> „HHmHXi> nonoBt", nocJi'ijDtOBaTejiefi BHHKJiepa, 
KOTopue CTpaHCTBOBajin H3T> jnepeBHH bi> nepeBHio, BHpa^caaco- 
HyecTiiie CTpaHcjiymHM^ h yrHeTeHHHM'B h pa3i>flCHga 6^flHB«rb 
hx-b nojiO)KeHie,., 

JXpyrofi MOMeHTi* aHrjiiftcKofl HCTopiH, Ha kotopomi» ocTaHa- 
B^HBaeTca rH66HHCB, ecTb anoxa XYI CTOjrfciiji, Kor^a bo 
Bc^x-i CTopoHax-b aHrjiiflcKofi o6mecTBeHHofl 3KH3HH hpohcxoahtb 
cujiEHtift nepeBopoxi>. Y^ce Ha^HHaa c*b XIV s^Ka xo3hActbo 
AHrjiiu nepeoKHBaeTOb KpynHHH H3M%Hema, IIocTOflHBufi pocrB 
aHrji!AcKHxi> cyKOHHux*B MaHy$aKTypi> cofl*ftcTByerb Bee 6ojib- 



HOBHfi KHHrH. 61 

raeMy n 6oJibmeMy pacnrapeHiio OBueBOKcraa. BesnpeptiBHoe 
npeBpameHie naxoTH&xi> seMejiB b*b jiyra h nacTCnma, nsraaHie 
HecHacTHUXi> KpecTtaHi> H3"£ sepeBeBB, uoareneHHoe oropaacH- 
Basie o6mBBBbix , B seMejiB — TasoBBi xapaKTepHbin ocoCchhocth 
Toraamaaro aarJiiftCKaro xo3HficTBa, oGpamaiomja Hace6a bhh Ma- 
Hie Ha6iOAaTejifl. Ho He tojibko sth xo3HficTBeHBfciH ycjioBia, 
nocamia M-fecTHBifi xapaKTep*B, bhccjih nepeBoporB b-b oCmecT- 
BeHHyio «H3HB AHrjiiH XVI-ro ot. CFoaa npncoeOTHHJiHCB h 
npBHBHU 6ojr£e o6maro xapaKTepa: KpynHLia reorpa<J>H*iecKiH 
OTKpHTia, nepeBepHyBinia BBepx-B khom-b ycjiOBta ToraaniHflro 

06M-feHa H TOprOBJIH, H B03pOHCfleHie HayKl> H BCKyCCTB-B, B036y- 

jjHBmee b*b yMaxt coBpeMe«HHKOB*B ctojibko cb^tjibix'b Haaexc;m>, 
ctojibko 3BTy3ia3Ma h B-fepu bo Bee B03BumeHHoe h Gaaropoa- 
hoc B*b BTy BejiHKyip anoxy Aflrjiia npoasBejia Ha CB*ferB To-' 
Maca Mopa, HBHBmaroca Bupa3HTeJieMi> qyBCTBi. h HasrHift, 6jia- 

rOpCnHUX-B nopiJBOB'B H BUCOKHXl. CTpeMXeHift, KOTOpblMB 6 mm 

BOOsymeBJieHLi Jiyninie jiiorh Toraanraaro BpeiieHB. FhCGhhcb 
3HaKOMHTi> Haci> cb 3HaMeHHTofl ,,yTonieio" Mopa, ot» Gjiaro- 

pOflHOfl 3KH3HBK) H repOHHeCKOH KOHHHHOK) efl aBTOpa. XOTfl 

w yTonifl tt , kslk-b noKa3BiBaerB oaiio Ha3Bame, nepeHocHTi. uaci> a 
bt> HecynxecTByiomyio cipaHy h HecymecTByiomia yanoBia, t£m*b 
He MeH-fee bi> Heft, xaiCB h bo bc£xi> Boo6me yronHHecKHX'B 

pOMaHaX-B, OTpa^CaeTCfl fl*£fiCTBHTeJIBHOCTB, Ha Heft JIOKHTB 

ne^aTB HCTopHiecitaro nepioaa. 3to coHHHeme 6pocaei"B 
apKift cb*6tvb Ha pejiHrio3Hyio HeTepnaiiocTB, Ha hojihth- 
necKift rHefB, Ha conjajiBHyio HecnpaBejyraBOCTB, xapaKTepH- 
3yiomiH TorjxamHift nepioai* aBTJiiftcKoft HCTopin. 

rH66HHCB aaerB HaMi», aajrfee, xatpaKTepHCTHKy HCH3HH b jj^si- 
TejiBHOCTH JtxcoHa yacjra, ocHOBaTejui MeT0HH3Ma, h Bnjii>6ep- 
$opoa, oflHoro H3i> BHuaiomnxcH CopixoB'B 3a yHHHTOHceme aMe- 
pHKaHCKaro HeBOJiBBHiecTBa. Oh*b ocTaHaBJiHBaeTCH 3aTtMi. Ha 
npOMunmeHHofl peBOJiionja, BU3BaHH0fi 6jiecTfltHHMH TexHme- 

CKHMH HSOOp'BTeHiflMH KOHIja npOHUiaiX) CTOJTBTifl, KOTOpUMH AHTJliH 

BOonojiB30BajiacB paBBnie flpyrnxt CTpam* cB*£Ta. Stot-b scpyn- 
HBift dKOHOiiHHecKift nepeBoporB, CORfefiCTBOBaBmifl 6lJCTpOMy 
pocTy CoraTCTBa, conpoBoxcaajicft ana Tpyjyimeftcfl Maccu TaxsMH 
yacacHHMH 6*BflCTBiHMB, hto nopojtHJii> CTpaniHoe ,,6^Jioe He- 
BOJiBHHHecTBO tf , upe,m> KOTopuMi. Biep«HyrB y^cacu paGcTBa. 
Bb 3Ty anoxy Aarjiia BujfBHraerB psun> jih hhoctcA, nocBa- 

THBmHXl> BCK) CBOK) ^ECH3HB Hft 6opB6y CB 8 THMH o6meCTB6H- 

hhmh HecnpaBeMHBOCTHMH. Ha nepBOMi> njraH* ctohti> PoGepT* 
OyaBTB, 3HaMeHHTuft JtapeKTopt HBiojiaHapKCKoft $a6pHKH % npioG- 
P'feBineft 3a KopoTKoe-BpeMn raKyio cJiaBy, hto rocynapcTBeHHae 
jiioaH h KopoHOBaHHue Oc^ftjj Hanp. HaKOJiaft I, npiisacajin 

CK)^a CMOTpfiTB H66UBaJIl^. rtopftfl**, 3aBC»BB»e BU^aiOIUHMCSI 

^HJiaHTponoMt. OyaHi ^^J ^ - e ooyu^^cTBUJi'b na npaKTHBft 8Ha- 



k 



62 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

HHTejiBHoe coKpameHie pa6onaro ahh, oht> Ha jij&jrb aoKa3ajn> 
nojib3y noTpe6HT6JibHwx'b TOBapamecTB-b, t>m> hbhjich ouhbmt/ 
H3i> nepBMxi> ocHOBaTenefi fl^TCKHXi> mKOJii> npn $a6pHKaxi>, 
npHaepKHBaacb Toro MH^Hia, hto o6pa30BaHie pa6oH»xT>, a bi» 
ocoSohhocth iiajioJi'feTHHXTj — Jiynmee cpejiCTBO juisl yjiyHmeHia 
coriiaJibHaro OTpoa. Bt> STorb-oice nepioji^ aHrJiiflcKofl HdopiH 
bhu^ji^iotch TaKie jhojib, Kaici. OcTJiepi> h jiopj^b Simra, —nep- 
Bue 6opuH 3a aHrjiiflcKoe pa6onee 3aKOHO#aTejiBCTBo, npH3BaH- 
Hoe xotb OTHacTH cMHrHHTB BpeflHun nocjrfcacTBia Taxcejiaro 
$a6pifHHaro Tpyaa. JIiojw 3th ci> HeyTpMHMOK) aHeprieio 6opo- 
poJiHCb 3a 3to CKpoMHpe, bo xoponiee fl-fejio, h He CMOTpH Ha 

npOTHBOfl'feftCTBie He TOJIbKO CO CTOpOHbl $a6pHKaHTOBl», HO HCO 
CTOpOHfcl TaKHXT> 3KOHOMHCTOBt, KaK*b Ko6 JieWb H Bpaflrb, HXT» 

3aaa?a b-b kohuIj kohuobij BcerasH 6mia ocymecTBJieHa: aHrjiift- 
cKoe paGonee 3aKOHOjjaTejiirCTBo aajio tojihckt* k*b TaKHarboice 

M'feponpiHTiHM'B Ha KOHTHHeHTfc H ^O H3B*£CTH03 CTeneHH CJiyiKHTI* 

o6pa3aoMi> rjw eBponeficKHxt CTpaHt. 

Uocji^jxmsi rJiaBbi KHHrn rn66HHca nocBHmeHLi KapJiefljuo 
a PacKHHy. He cmotph Ha KpafiHioio o^hoctopohhoctb bo3- 
sp'feHifl Kapjiefijia, Ha napaaoKCH h npeyBejiHHemH, koto- 
pHMH CoraTti ero coHHuaeHifl, He cmotph Ha to, hto oat He 
yKa3HBaean> hohth HHKaKaxt npaKTHHecKexi> cpencTBi> juut 
Hcu^JieHin rfexi. HeflyroBt coBpeMeHHaro o6mecTBa, koto- 
pHfl OHT> HapHCOBaJIl> ctojib MacTepcKofl pyKofi, OHT> oKa3ajn> 
Ha aHrjiiflcKoe oCmecTBO Bec&Ma cnjibHoe h 6jiaroTBopHoe BJiia- 
Hie, npH3MBaa JiKwfi Ha pa6oTy bi» no;ib3y ctpa)KjiymHX'b h 
o6e3aojieHHbixi>, , Gyaa mlicjih h B036y»ma5i ao6pHH ^yBCTBa 
cbohxi> cooTeHecTBeHHBKOBt. PacKHHi>,aBJiflK)mifica npeHCfle bc^to 

XyA03KeCTBeHHUMl> KpHTHKOM-b, OntHUBaeTt H C0BP6M6HHLUI CO-- 

maJibHua HeypajiHUu c-b tohkh spliHis xyaoECHHKa. Ilpn coBpe- 
MeHHbix-b couiajibHtixt ycjioBiaxi., BOCKJiHuaeTi* oh^, Kor^a 
M npoKJiHTie ti>mu u TaroTHrb HAjn> Bcefl Hamefi xchbhbio, Heiero 

HblTaTbCH C03AaBaTb HCTHHHO XyflOHCeCTBeHHHH npoH3Beaemfl t 

,,h6o cTapaTbCfl bhccth spacoTy bt> rfcHb, Koraa Bci peanbHua 
BemH, 6pocaiomifl 3th t^hh, ocTatOTca 6e3o6pa3HbiMH h ^caji- 
khmh, — ji^jio caMoe 6e3HJiOflHoe 1 KaKoe TOJibKo moxcho ce6*fe; npea- 

CTaBHTb' 4 . IIO CBOHMTb HpaKTHHeCKHMt np6flJI0»CeHiflMT> PaCKHHl* 

npH6jiH^caeTCH k% H'feMemcHM'b KaTe^ep'b-coiiiaJiHOTaMT*. 

KHHra rn66HHca He jinmeHa h-bkotopijxi, HeflO0TaTKOBi>. 
Ero xapeKTepHOTHKH, bt> ocoCchhocth xapaKTepncTHKH OyaHa, 
KHHrcjiH h H'feKOTopuxi jipyrHxi>, nacTo noBepxHooTHu h 6jrfca- 
hu. BhCorij,, coAiajibHMxi> pe$opMaTopoB"b l< cfl'feaiaH'b HOBOJib- 

HO npOH3BOJIbHO; HeM3B-BOTHO, KaKHMH COo6pa2C6HiflMH pyKOBOJt- 

CTBOBajioa aBTopt, Bu6apaH oahhxi> h yuaJiHHBa^ o Apy'- 
rHXTj. IIoHeMy, Hanp M bt> pany BUflaiomnxca aHrjuaHaHi> He 
nooTaBjiema roflBHHi>, John Carturaight, Gobbet, W. Ihom- 



HOfifclfi KHHTH. . . 63 

pson, HaKOHem>, ciojib CBMnaTH<raufi b GjiaropoziHHfi jrfcHTejii, 
KaKB paHO yMepniifl Aphojibjtb ToflH6n? Ho npn bc^xt. 3thxt> 
HenooTaTKaxi* Kunra rn66HHoa bcjikh&i'b npo^TeTCH cb doatinHMi. 
HHTepeccwB. BoajcoMy noJie3HO h npiaiHO npoBecTH, roBopa cjio- 
BaMH Kapjiefljia, xotb KopoTKoe BpeMH bi> oCmecTB^ BtiaaiomHxcH 
jno^efi. KaKoro-6H kto MErikmH hh Aepacajicfl Ha pojib JinqHOora 

BT> HCTOpiH, H6JIB33I BOeTaKH OTpHIjaTB TOTO, MTO BeJIHKieL JHO£H, 

onepeacaionue cboA bIjicb hjiii npocTO npico $opMyjiHpyiomie T-fc 
Hflen, KOTopH^f yace hoc^tch bi> B03flyxii, bi> 3HaHHTejiBHo3 CTe- 
neHK coA^flcTByioTi* 6oJiie 6ucTpoMy npoBefleaiio bi» 3KH3HB 
rfcx^ bcjihkhx'b coiriajiLHfcixi> pe$opMi>, KOTOpua 6e8*B HXT> co- 
jrfeficTBia ocymecTBHjiHCL-6M ropa3flO no3»ce. 



AjieKeaH/jpt MflKJiameBCidfi. Pafrraift Bonpoct h con;iaJiL- 
Hoe saxonoAaxeJiBCTBO bx TepMaHiH. Cn<5. 1896. 

„06pHCOBaTB B*B C»aTOft ^OpM-fe, HO ^OCTaTOHHO Bpa8yMHTeJIBHO 

h hcho, nojiOMceHie paGonaro HacejieHin, xapaKTepi* oGmecTBCH- 
huxi> aBHxcemd n couiajiBHar6 3aKOHOnaiejiBCTBa He tqiK-b Jienco, 
KaKB 3to npe^cTaBJiaeTCH no nepBOMy BneHaTJifemio. Tojibko 
HenocpeflCTBeHHoe 3HaKOMCTBO cb npenaieroM-B, jihhhhh Ha6jiiofle- 
Hi« h, HaKOHem», HajraHHocTB o$$Hn;iaaiBHaro oTHeia no Toniy acei 
npeflMdy naion* HaMt cm-^jioctb b*b He6oaiBmoM , B MacniTa6 , 6 

o603p*£TB TO, HTO MOrJIO-6u CJiyHCHTB npeflMeTOM'B jxjisi 6e3K0- 

Heraaro pana MOHorpa<|>iE u . 3thmh cjiOBaMH r. A. MHKJiaineBCKift 
xapaKTepH3yerB 3a^any, KOTopyio oh*b nocTaBHJi-B ce6^ bi. H3- 
jxaHHofi HeaaBHo MaJieHBKoft khheckIs „Pa6oHift BonpocB", Hane- 
^aiaHHofl yace paHBme bt> BH&ii CTaTBH bt> C6opHHicfc EEpaBO : 

B^fl^HiH (T. III). 

Mo^KerB-jiH nonHTKa r. MnKJiaraeBCKaro 6htb Ha3BaHa yc- 
irfcinHofi? B'h ero khh^kk^ HHTaTejiB HaflneT'B Maccy mn^px 

OTHOCHTeJIbHO KOJIHHeCTBa npOMUHIJieHHIJX*B H BeMJiejlijIBHeCKHX'B 

pa6orB, pacnpea'fejieHiH hxx no pa3JiHHHMMi> npejuipiflTiflM'B, 
hxt> noJUOHceHin h np., mhoxccctbo $aKTOBi>, Kacaiomnxca pa- 

60MHX*B C0K>30B1», CTaHdCB, npOH3BORHTeJlBHHX'B H nOTpe6HTeJlB- 

hhx-b TOBapHmectB'B, y^acTia paCo^Hxi. B-Bnpn6HJiHnpeflnpiHTia, 

pa3H006pa3HUH CB^JC^HiH O (JaGpHHHOJ-Tb 3aKOHO^aTeJIBCTB^ B*B« 

TepMaBiH, o CTpaxoBaHin paConnx-B, npB3p^HiH G'^Ahhx'b h eme 
MHoroe npyroe. Ho MHoro-JiH nojiB3u H8BJieHeTi> ^HTaTeJiB hs-b 
aToro o6HJiBHaro MaTepiaJia? A'SficTBHTeJiBHO-JLH y^ajiocB r. Mh- 
KJiameBOKOMy oCpncoBaTB nojio>KeHie pa6o^aro HacejieHia „Bpa- 

3yMHTeJIBH0 H flCHO a , Bl> 3T0M1> MH n03B0JIHM'B Ce6*fe yCOMHHTBC5T.. 

BecB droT'h GoraTHfl MaTepiajn> pacnoJioaca'B 6e3i> BO^Karo naana 
h nop^AKa; noHTH Ka^cnaa CT paHH^Ka ncnempeHa ixH^paMH h 
Ta6JiHnaMH, nacTo coBepnj^ rt ao JwnnHHMH; $aKxu coo6maK)TCH 

B'B KaKOfl-TO OTpKBOHHO^ ^, n pM^i 8a aBtOpOM'B nOHTH H^TB 



64 pyCCKOE BOTATCTBO. 

>* • 

BG3MG,KBQ<3TH CJI^flHTB, TaK*B KaKB OffB, He 3aKaHHHBaSI Ofl- 

ooro Bonpoca, yace nepecKaKHBaerB ki> apyroaiy. IIoaTOMy, He 
cuoTpH aa o6ajiie MaTepiajja, HHTaTejiB HacTO ocraeTCJi bt> He- 

JtOYM^siH OTHOCHTeJIbHO CaMBIXB CymeCTBeHHHX'B $aKTOBl», KO- 

TopHx-b KaoaeTca KHHHCKa r. MmcaameBCKaflro. Bo3BMem» bjm 
npBM'fepa $a6pH^Hoe saKOHoaaTejiBCTBO b*b TepMamn. HnTaTejiB 
ho HaSjierB bt> pasOHpaeifoft khhxk^ acHaro OTB^Ta flame Ha 
TaKie ajieMeHTapHLie BonpocH, KaKB BonpocB o toitb, Bocnpe- 
maejca-jiH BOCKpecHuft Tpyai* juia $a6pHHHBiXB paOorax'B 
Boo6me h jbtiji yscenrnjiBrb h a*feTeft fb HacTHocTH, ponycKaeTCH- 
jih Hoqeaa pa6oTa aliTeft h noapocTKOB'B h t. n. r. MHKJiameB- 
cki9 BepTHTOfl Bee BOKpyn> fla okojio 3THX7> BOnpOCOBB, HO 
acnaro oTB^Ta He aaerB. „Pa6oHie, KOTopHe BCJifcacTBie ycjiOBift 
npoH3BoncTBa npirayHCfleHU patfoTaTB no BocKpeceHBHM'B, roBO- 
pHTi> r. MHKJiaineBCKifi, hmIjiotb npaBO Ha RHeBHHit othbixb bb • 
itpyroli RtBb Hen^jra. BocKpecHHfi Tpyjii> He Moacerc* npoaoJi- 
>KaTbca 6ojrfee 8 nacoBi,. 3aK0Hi> 1892 roaa BocnpemaerB BOCKpec- 
Htift Tpyjii, una 3HaHHTejibHaro HHCJia ToproBBixi saBeflenift 1 * 
(cTp. 30,-31). OTHOCHTejiBHo-ace BOOKpecHaro Tpy.ua HceHmnm. 
Hi:, i h hh cjiOBa; Mbi HaxojiHMB tojibko <£i1i,nyiomyio $pasy: 
n npejci> npa8^HHKaMH OH'fe saKaHiHBaiorB pa6oTy He nossce 5 7i 
^acoBtneHepa**. E^Ba-jra mokho Ha ocHOBamn 3thxi> Heonpefl^JieH- 
hbix-b $pasi> cocTaBHTB ce6^ flCHoe MH^Hie Hac^era Toro, Bocnpe- 
meHi»-jiEi BocKpecHBift Tpy^B fljw (fiafipuHHuxb pa6oHuax> h bb qad- 
hocth ms xceHmHH'B H;fl"feTe(l, hjih h'etb. CTOJiB-aQe ne pa3p*feraeH- 
h.jmi. ocTaeTca jura HHTaTeJia BonpocB o hotooA paGorfe jrik- 
refl u nojupocTKOBB. „Pa6oTa rf&Tefi no 14 ji. B03pacTa MoacerB 
juiaTBCM tojibko raecTB nacoB'B c-b otobixoitb no cpe^HH^ Tpyjia 
Bt nojrcaca, nonpocTKH otb 14 no 16 Moryra pa6oTaTB 10 to- 
COBB CB laCOBBllfB otabixomb B3> o6B\neHHoe Bpeiia h nojiy* 
^acoBHMB yTpoM*B h BenepoMi 14 . Ho bi> npojiojDKeBie Kaxoro Bpe- 
MeHH MoacerB coBepmaTBca 3Ta paCoTa? T. MHKJiameBCKift 3a- 
6lui-b npH6aBHTB, ^to pa6oTa 3Ta moskctb HaiBHaTBca He paH^e 
5 1 / 1 h. yTpa h KOH^aTBCH He no3»ce 8 l j % h. Be^epa. H3Jio)ice- 
Hie aBTapa flOBOJiBHO He6peacHO, Bb khh>kk^ BCTp'feHaiOTCH, 
nanp., „pa5oHift npeflMerB" bm^cto „pa6oHift Bonpoci> M , „3apa- 
CoTHaH HJiaTa KannTajia h Tpyna" h t. n. BooGme bc« KHHra 
r. A. MnKJiameBCicaro, h no bh^hihooth, h no coflepacamio, npo- 
H3BojtBi'B Bne'iaTJi^Hie nocn'iniHo h He6pe)KHo cocTaBJieHHara 
KQHcneKTa, bi> kotopomi>, bi> jiynmeMB cjiyna'fe, pa36epeTca 
pasuJi tojibko caMB aBTop-B. 



/ 






M. 1896, 



HiiKO«iaft rpOTx. OcHOBaHla 8KenepHM6HTajiBH0ft ncflxaaoriH, 

1896. 

^SaAaneft Hamero o^epKa, tobopht-b aBTopB (CTp. 55), 6bltio 



HOBHH KHarH. 6." 

noKa3aTt, hto Ha3p1>Jio BpeMa ajia npa3HaHia h pa3pa6oTKH co- 
BepineHHo caMOCTOHTejitHoft HayKH— SKOiepuMenmajibuou ncuxojioxiu, 
a K-b KaKoaiy (JaicyjiBTeTy 6yaerB npHHHCJieHa icaeeapa stoA 
HayKH h Heo6xoAHMaa jyia Hea JiaGopaTopia— He Bce-JiH paBHO?! tk 
,,ByxierB rpycTHO h ctbirho, ecJiH pyccaie yHHBepcHieTBi oTKa- 
acyTca ot*b yHpeacaeHi* Ka6HHeTOBi> SKcnepHMeHTaJiBHoft ncnxo- 
jiorin tojibko noTOMy, hto HejiB3a Cyaerb aocrarHyTB corjiame- 
Hia no Bonpocy o tomi>, npn KaKOMi> <$aKyjibTerfe jxoJDKHa co- 
CToaTb 3Ta noJie3Haji h Heo6xo«HMaa HayKa"(erp. 55). Ro chxt> 
nopi> mbi hohth coBepuieHHo corjiacHbi cb aBTopoMi>, corjiacHbi 
cb HHMt Taicxce h Toraa, Ror^a oht> roBoparb: ,,BcaKoe a^-no 
Tpe6yerb cneuiajmera, h ncnxojiorB aoJiaceH'B (5bitb npearjie 
Bcero ncuzoMnoMh" (cTp. 53). OAHaKO, mu He MOHceitb He saM^- 
thtb, hto aBTopt He ocotieHHO TBep;n> bt> CBoeft 6e3npHCTpacT - 
hoS nosHuin; jrfeftoTBHTexBHaa ero CHMnaria o0Hapy>KHBaeTca 
yse oahhmi> cji'feayiomHM'b, 6ojrfee hIsm-b pncKOBaHHbiMi> t yTBep>K- 
jieHieMi>: no ero MH^Hiio, flJia ncHxo;iora-3KcnepHMeHTaTopa Obitb 
„(fiuAOM)%OMb u ucmopuKOMZ — no o6pa80BaHiio h MumjieHiio, no- 
acaayfi, 6ojr£e hcoCxootmo, H^irb Cbitb $H3HK0Mt h $H3io:io- 
roMt il (CTp. 53). KaKHMi> o6pa30Mi> H3yneHie <£aHTaerHHecKHX t 
,,MeTaMop$08i> li Moacerb 0Ka3aTtca AJia ncaxoaora-aKcnepHiieH- 
TaTopa 6ojr£e BaacnmcB, H*feirb HsyneHie <|>H3iojiorHHecKHX'b ue- 
TaMop$o3i>, coBepmaiomHXG& b-b M03ry h HepBax-b,— Ha sto, 
KOHenHo, MO^ceTt aaTB otb"£tb tojibko , ,$HJioJion> no o6pa30Ba- 
Hiio h MHtrajieHiio". Kohchho, w uoHXOJion> aoJDKeH-b Cbitb npe^K- 
jie Bcero ncuxojwwMz", h, nosTOMy, noxa Kaeeapa ncnxoao- 
ria ocTaeTca y Haci> HaonjiBCTBeHHO bthchytok) Bt cpeay <|>h- 
jiojiorHHecKHXi> HayKi., ao T-fext nopi> h KaCHHerb 3KcnepnMeH- 
TajiBHofi ncHxojioriH jxojiT&ewb pa3fl*£jnHTB Ty-ace ynacTb; ho Ha- 
cToamee irficTO neHxoJiorHHecKoft Kaeeapu h ncnxoaornHecKaro 
KadHHeTa acHO yKa3biBaeTca rfeirb oGcTOATeJibCTBOM'B, hto skc- 
uepHMeHTajiBHaa ncnxoaoria co3#aHa h iioith MOHonajinsoBaHa 
ecTecTBOHCHBiTaTejiaMH . 

HHTaTeJIB, B^pOHTHO, 3aM^THJI*B BT> nepBOM-B miTHpOBaHHOMt 

HaMH OTpBiBK'fe $paBy , aBTopa, hto HacTajio BpeMa flaa „paapa- 
6otkh coBepmeHHO caMOcmoameAbHQti, uaynu — aacnepHMeHTajibHc a 
ncHxojioriH' 1 . 3Ta $pasa ne ecTB pesyjiBTaivB onHOBH aBTopu. 
xorfeBmaro CKasaTB: HacTajio BpeMa paspadaTBiBaTB ncnxojiorito 
upa noMomn 3KcnepHMeHTaJiBHaro mbtoto, h^tt*, r. TporBBnoJiHt 

C03HaTeJIBHO rOBOpHTT, 06% 3KCnepHM6HTa£BH0& ncHXOJEorm, saxrh 

caMOOToaTejiBHOfi HayK*fe, KOTopyio oh*b npoTHBonooTaBJiaerB 
noHXQaoriii h ncHxo$H3ioaioriH. no 3T0My noBOAy namt aBTopt 
nocBamaerB h^okojibko CTpaHHU'B (cTp. 30 — 36) noxeMHKl; ct 
ByHflTOMT>, nojieMHK-fe, KovoP * MU 3a ^ Cb > K1> co^caJi^Hiio, He 

M03KeM*B TOBOpHTB, H6o HOU^ a OT R^BJIHTB HCTHHy OT*b 3a(5jiy»cfleHiM 

B3> nojieMHiCB* r. Tpora a^ 0jia-6b\ Hact nepe&TH najieKO 3a 

J4 8. OiAtJ* II. ^^T^ 5 



fry 



66 PyOCROB BOrATCTBO. 



;^ i npefl^JIH peiieH3iH. SaM'feTHM'B TOJIBKO, HTO, ecjiH r. TpOTb H 

,r npaBB, npoTecrrya npoTHBi> ipe3irfepHaro pacmnpeHiH TepMHHa 

*r' ,,nCHXO$H3HKa li , TO erO C06CTBeHHHfi TepMHHB ,,8KcnepHMeH- 

•\ « TajibHaa ncHxojioria" eme Cojrfee HeyflaHeHi*. CoBepmeHHo B^p- 

i^ HO, HTO ,,nCHXO$H3HKOft" HeyflO()HO Ha3HBaTb T*fe OTJ&JlhL HayKH, 

J' Bl> KOTOpHXT* H3CJTfcflyi0TC5I HHCTO-nCHXHieCKisi aBJieHiH BH-fe HXT> 

v ;; CBA3H cb $H3HHecKHMH npoixeccaMH, KaiCB, HanpHM'fcp'B, Teienie 

npencTaBJieHifl; ho 3to BceTaKH He aaeTB npasa HacTOJiBKO 

;• cByxcnBaTB noHHTie SKcnepHMeHTaJiBHoft ncHXOJiorin, hto 6ojil- 

tHHHCTBO 3KCnepHMeHTOBB BB 06jiaCTH HCHXOJIOriH OHyTHTCfl BH*£ 

oGjiacTH 3KcnepHMeHTaJibHo3 ncHXOJioria. ^jiji o6o3HaHeHia sthxb 

oto^jiobb cymecTByiOTB jocpyrie, Coji'fce yflaHHue TepMHHH, Hanp., 

( ;i ncHxoMeTpin, h ecjiH-6a 3thxt> tcpmhhobb oKa3ajiocb HeaocTa- 

TOHHO, TO CJI^flOBajIO-6u H306p^&CTH HOBHC 

TenepB aBa cjioBa o MeTO^axB. F. TporB He npeflJiaraeTB 

HHKaKHX'B HOBHXB MeTOflOB'B HJBOO(5me He BHOCHTB BB 3T0TB BOHpOCB 

HHiero HOBaro. Ho BceTaKH uu craTaeMB HyacHHMB cKa3aTB 
h^ckojibko gjiobb no 3T0My Bonpocy BT> BHfly Toro, HTO, no 
HameMy mh^hIk), aBTopB HenpaBHJiBHO oij^HHBaeTB cpaBHHTeJiB- 

HOe AOCTOHHCTBO pa3JIHHHLIX'B MeTOflOBB. ,,06mifi HaHTB BMBOJTBi 
TOBOpHTB OWh Ha CTp. 41, TOTl>, 1TO IHCTO-IICHXOJIOrHHeOKie 
3KCnepHMeHTLI HajlB C060K>, XOTH OHH He TOJIBKO B03MOECHH, HO 

MoryrB hmIstb cymecTBeHHyio TeopeTHiecayio u^Hy, bi> cmucjt£. 
nocoCifl npn nocTaHOBKfc HayHHO-ncHXOJiorHqecKHX-b npoGJieMMB* 
He HirfeiorB, OAHaKO, p*femaiomaro 3HaneHiH juisl HayKH hchxojio- 
ria — 6e8B 3KcnepHMeHTajiBH0ft npoB'fepKH bhboaobb nocpejjcTBOMB. 

KOAJWKWAMHaiO OntAim. HeCOMH^HHO, rOBOpHTB OHB H^CKOJIBKO 
HH)Ke (CTp. 42), HTO eCJIH B03M03KHa HayHHaH <JHCTO-IICHXOJIO- 

rHHecKaa SKcnepHMeHTama, to tojibko Ha no^Bi KOAAeKtnuenaio 
caMOHaffjmdenvi" . He cmotpx Ha hctohhoctb Btipaacemft aBTopa 
(TaKB yTBep«aeHie, hto ,,HHCTo-ncHXOJiorHiecKie SKonepHMeHTH 
HauB co6ok>" ,,He hm^iotb jpTbiuawmaio 3HaHin il He moxcctb 
npeTeH^oBaTB Ha Hayrayio tohhoctb h onpeniijieHHOCTB), BoeTERH 
oqeBHOTO, hto ohi> npeflaeTB cjramKoici> Maaoe BHaieme ,,jih<i- 
HOMy caMOHaCjnojtemio' 1 h canrnKOMt CoJiBinoe 3HaneHie „soa- 
JieKTHBHOMy ontiTy". KaKB oaHoro cayiasi XHMH^ecKaro coe^H- 
HeHin ^Byxt rftjTB hjih oKHoro Ha6aioji;eHiH M^CTOHaxo^uieHi» 
Buxojja KaKoro Hndy^B HepBa BnoaiHi aocraTomo rjiz oTKptiTia 

BB XHMiH HJIH BB aHaTOlfiH, npHHCMB JL^JIO HaJIbH'fcfllllHXB H3- 

cjii^OBaTejiefl cbo^htch tojibko kb npoetbpKtb onuiTa hjih Ha6jiio- 
AeHia nepBaro H8CJi^jiOBaTejiH;TaK , B h ojtHoroncnxojiorHHecKaroonH- 
Ta TOCTaTOHHO^JWOTKpuTiHHBBicTHaro ncHXOJiora^ecKaro aBJieflia > 

H eCJIH 3TO Ha6jIK)fleHie CJlijiaHO npaBHJIBHO, TO ,,KOJIJieKTHBHH& 

onun, u Cy^eTT* hm^tb tojibko wcio- cmamuctnunecKoe 3HaH6Hie: 
ohb onpe^-fejiHTb oGBeMB, ho He coflep)KaHie noHHTia. Kohchho, 
„pmuaiov4ato" SHaneHia eflHHHHHHft onun. ho Hiri&erB, ho He cji'fe- 



HOBHfl RHHru. 67 

Hyera, nojiB3yacB hctohhoctbio nono6Haro Bnpaacema, yManaTB 
3HaneHie jiHHHaro caMOHa6jiioaeHia, Komopoe eceida ocmaemc* 
ocHoentAMb ncuxoMMwecmM* MemodoM*, T&Wb UeHTpOMT>, BOKpyrb 

KOTOpaTO KOOpflHHHpyiOTCH BCfe OCTaJIBHHe MeTOflfcl, 3aflaHaKOTO- 
PUX1> CBOflHTCfl ICB IipOB'£pK > & 1 BLIHCHeHilO H ROHOJIHeHiH) flaH- 

hux-b, hoGhthxt. caMOHaOjuoaeHieMi.. 



J^ymeBHUfl ^BeaseHifl . ncHxo-<t>H8ioaoriraecKift srawM-pa T* (?) JIaHre, 
npo<f>eccopa soneHrar9HCRaro yHHBepcHTeT^ nepeBOKb M. H. Cn<5. 1896. 

BTa Hefoasmaa KHHsssa yace HMierB rpoMKoe hma b'b y?e- 
hoitb Mip£. Co BpeMdHH ea noaBaema (nepBOHa^ajrbHO Ha aaT- 
ckomt, asmtfc Bt 1885 roay; H$Men;Kifi nepeBOfft 1887 r., $paH- 
uyacKift 1894) sanpaxqaeicafl eio Hosaa Teopia suoupk ycnrfcua 
yace nopo^HTB ij&ryK) JiHTepaTypy. HyatHO saMfrrnTB, ^to booth 
o^HOBpeiieHHO cb JIaHre hsb^cthhS aMepHKanosifi hchxojiofb 
B. Rysceucb npeAMHKHjrB obok> Teopix) BMOiufl, KOTopaa ao Tasoi 
CTeneHH coraaoyeTca cb Teopieio JIaHre, hto btb 6ojiBniHHOT£ r B 
CTaTeft, nooBameHHHX'B eft, OHa HasuBaeTca Teopia JlaHre-A&eicca. 

HoBaa Teopia 3M0n;ift ooBepmeHHO HSM^HaerB o6menpHHaTH& 
BsrjiJifl'B Ha OTHomeme aiioniH kte> r&iecHHM'B oTopaBJieHiaM'B. 
„06mepaonpooTpaHeHHoe MH$me... coctohtb btb tom^b, hto Bca- 
Koe co6HTie, 3a KOTopuMTb cri&AyeTtB 8Mon;ia, BH3HBaeTB CHa?a- 
Jia HenocpeAOTBeHHHirB o6pasoM r B raaro-ncHXH^eeKoe fliftcTBie— 
6y^eT r t-jiH to BosHHKHOBeaie hoboS ^atojibhocth b'b aynrfc hjih 
BOflOHSMiHeHie yace cymecTBOBaBmaro jiymeBHaro cooToaHia; 
3aT^Mi>, hto BTorB coBepmaiomiftca b'b ayuri npoijeoe'B hmchho 
h eoTB HacToamaa BMOijia, HCTHHHaa pajxocTB, HCTHHHaa nenaJiB 

H T. a., T&ieCHHH MCe UpOHBJieHiH 8K0mn COCTaBJUHOTB TOJIBKO 

11060HHIM aBaema, xota nocroaHHO . npenaTCTByiomia, ho caiin 
no ce6$ coBepraeHHO He cymecTBeHmra" (oTp. 55 — 6). HoBaa-xce 
Teopia roBopnrB: „Ba30MOTopHofi (cocyao-#BHraTeaBHOfl) chctom^ 
mm o6a8aHH Bcefl dMooioHaJiBHoft ^acTBro Hamefl noHXH^ecKoft 

3KH8HH, HamHMH pajXOCTHKH H HeTOMMH, HaiHHMH CHaOTJIHBHMH 
H HeCiaOTHHMH UHHMH. EOJIH 6H BneHaTJI^Hia, BOCnpHHHMaeMBIH 

HamHMH B^raHHMH opraHaMH ^yBOTBTb, He o6aa^aJiB chooo6hootbk) 
BOB6y>if^aTB ea a*feaTejiBHOCTB, to mh hpoboahjih 6u Hainy shshb 
KaKT, GesyiacTHue h 6e3CTpacTHLie spHTejia; bc6 BneHaTjr&Hia 
ot-b BH^mHaro Mipa o6oramajiH-6s toxbko Ham*B pnurB, yBe- 
jiHHHBaJiH-6H cyiiMy Hamnx'B 3Hamfi, He BOsCy^cjxaa btb HacB hh 
paflooTH, hh nrfjBa, ho npn^HHaa HaM*B hh ropa t hh cTpaxa a 
(cTp. 77)' 

3to pa3JiH^ie Meac^y cTapoio h hoboio TeopiaMH bmo^h xo- 
pomo HjuiiocTpHpyeTca cji^jiyion^HM'B npHMipoMi. aBTopa: ^Ecjih 
a HaHHHan) nposKaTB, Ko^ a MH'fe yrpoacaioTB aapaaeHHUMTb hh- 
OTOJieTOM'B, to bo3Hhkhq»j/^ ^^ bo mh* CHanaaia HHCTO HOHXH^e- 

^'J 1 5* 



63 PYCOKOE BOrATCTBO. 

CKifi npOUeCCB, B08HHKHeTB-JIH ^CTpaXt", KOTOpHt H eCTb TO, 

?to f.u3fciBaen> mod apoacB, Moe cepjwefiieHie, nyTaHHijy bt> 

MOHX-L MHCJIflXT>; HJIH 9TH rBJieCHBIH flBJIBHifl H6n0CpeACTB6HH0 

BK3usaK)TCfl yxcacaK>n;ex> npH?HHOio, TaKt ito smoiuh hckjiio- 
-! it' jlho npoHexojxaTt BCJi*6acTBie $yflieaioHajiBHaro paserpoft- 
cTBa *ioero rfejia?" (cTp. 55). Kaia» TOTaTejiB, kohchho, ho- 
niA^iuaeTCH, uepBoe npe^nojioaceHie aamnmaeTca cTapoio Teopieio 
:tMonifl, a TeopLi JIaHre samnmaera* BTopoe npeanojioacenie. 

IliaBTB, BOBHHKHOBeBde pa8H006pa8HHXl> 3MOEUft 06yCJI0BJIH- 
BE6TCH pa3JIH^HHMH HSlfBHeHiflMH COOyflOflBHraTeJIBHOft CHCT6MH 
(H CUja^aHHUlCB Cl> 3TH1TB — H3M-EH6HieMT> HHHepBaiOH MyCKyJWbHOft 

chctcuh). Abtoptb onnouBaerB h aHajiH3Hpyerb H'BKOTopiiUi rjiaB- 
H^fimia 8moiuh, bt. pesyjiBTairB iero noaryHaeTca carBnyraijaa 
cxeMa (CTp. 47)? 

} - u'SLiimsBie npoH3- 

Bo^bHoft HHHepBanin pasovapoBaHie. 

-rose + cxaTle cocyflOBt neia^B. 

mie + Toace + cnaauH opraHirae- 

CKHXT, MycKyaoB'B . CTpaXl 

•rose + pascTpoftcTBO KOopAEHaqii . cMymeHie. 

y&ejiiraeHie V "^ cna8MH opraraqecraxi MycsyjioB'B . . . Htfrepntaie. 

mmmiiBHOft ) + P" 5 ™* 6 * 1 * «> C W B * |PW CTB. 

HHHepnmM y + • T0 * e + paacTpoftcrao 

f ROop#raan,iH • . rH&B?>. 

Teopia JIaHre npeflcraBJiHerB co6oro OKop-fee o6nuft osepict, 
9CKH3-L, tfurb BnojiH-fe pa3pa6oTaHHyro Teopii). IIoaTOMy npn 
cy>KA6HiH o Heft HyatHO pasjiHTOTB bb-b sema: ocHOBHyo uiievy 
h paapa(5oTKy BToft Hflen. Hto Kacaeica nepBaro Bonpooa, t. e., 

OCHOBHOft HflBH, TO nJOflOTBOpHOCTB H B'BpHOCTB eSI, KSLKTh K&Wb 
Ka>K6TCfl, flOJIHCHa GblTB npHBHaHa BC^IIH HenpejJ/6'BHCfleHHHMH 

qHTarejiHMH. Bt caMom> afca 1 !, ecJiH6i> 3M0IUH hm&ih tocto 
ncuxn^eoKoe npoHoxoxcfleme, Tor.ua *acTo 6Biao-6bi ooBepraeHHo 
uchohhtho, sa^BMrb h no*eMy oymecTBywrt <J)H3H^eoKia npoflB- 
iiems. 3Thxi> aiionift. TaicB Hanpmd , Bpi>, eojra-6H OTpaxt hm^ji'b 
*racTa nenxHTOCKoe npoHcxoac^eme, ecjm-()H SHBoraoe yse noax 
Bmmiiewh ouhhx'b hhoto ncnxHqecicnx'B (J>aKTopoBi> nyBCTBOBa.no 
^KBJiaaie yftTH, yC'BaaTt otb cTparaHaro Bpara, Tor#a cymeoTBo- 
name t'bx'b $H3H^ecKHX r b ABJiemfi, KOTopHa B08HHBas)Ti> npa 
cTpax'B h KOTopbifl yMeHbUMiiotm ero choco6hoctb ki> conpoTHB* 
jreHiio t 6bijio 6bi Heo6rb5iCHHMOK> sara^Koio, h6o ecTecTBeHHufi 
oTOop-B jxoji&ewh 6ujny-6hL CTpeamTBca yHH^ToaoiTB bth $h8h 
^eCKia „nposBJieHifl tf cTpaxa. CoBepmeHHO Hsane oGctohtba^o, 
ecJin opH3HaTB Teopiro JIaHre. Tor^a oKancercji, hto cairaft OTpax-B, 
caMoe aeaaHie 6^»aTB otb Bpara aBJiaeTca ca^flOTBieirB $Haio- 



HOBBIJI KHBrH. 69 

wiorH?eoK2Xi> nponecooBt, h hto noaTOMy, xoth 9th <£H3ioaora- 
TOCfde nponeccn (oocroamie, kski, mbi BHflira, Meacay nporaM'B, 
bt» yMemtueuiu nponsBOJiBHofi HHHepBauiH) h yMeHBmaiorB cno 
co6hoctb SHBOTHaro kt> conpoTHBJieHiio (KaicB nyTeMt 6opB6w, 
TaKi> h nyTeM'B 6iroTBa), ojXHaKO oaicoe oymecTBOBacde hx*b He- 

06X0flHM0, H60 6e3-B HHXTB XCHBOTHOe He HM&IO-6H nOTpe6HOOTH 

conpoTHBJiflT£>ca } T.-e., Han p., 6*B*caTB. CjiiflOBaTeaiBHO, coraacHO 
dToft Teopin % ecTecTBOHHufi ot6op*b noxxewh ycTpaHATt tojebko 
tb Kpaflme cayman OTpaxa, Korna $H3ioxorH?ecKie npoijeccH 
AOCTHraK)Ti> Tasoi hhtohchbhooth, too HonyraHHoe xchbothoo 
coBepmeHHO jramaeTca chocoChocth kt» KaKOMy-6H to hh 6bijio 

COnpOTHBJieHiK). 

KaKi» ^HTaTejiB bhahtl, mh cHHTaeiTB ocHOBHyio njxex> JIaHre 
coBepmeHHO bxphobd h njio^OTBopHOK). ^to ace KaoaeToa Bonpo- 
ca o pa3pa6oTK'B btoS h£6h, to Hejn>aa He BaM&niTB, too bte> 
8tomi» OTHorneHiH ooraeTOfl eme cji&iiaTB otohb h o^eHB MHoro 
Mbi roBopnicB sjifkoh ho o pa8pa6onc£ no«po6HOOTefi, He o Heo6- 
xoahmooth yicasaTB $H8ioJiorH^eoKie nponeooH, o6ycjiOBjmBaK)iD;ie 

B08HHKHOB6Hie BOXXt J>a8H006pa8HBlX1» 3M0Ijift. 3tH HOApo6HOOTH, 
KOHOTOO, O^eHB BaSHH, HO Offfc BSJEHH rJiaBHUOTB o6pa80M*B Bl> 

Bujxy npasTHiecKHX'B i^efi, h, kohohho, He orc> hhxtb saBHCHTB 
caifas cy#b6a Teopia. HforB, mbi roBopHMT, o 6oar6e o(>ihhxi» npHH- 
n;HniajiBHbixi> Bonpocax-B. Caicoe onpeA^JDEeme hohhtih „3M0iufl w 
CTpaffaearty JIaHre HeaoHOOTtro. Tait^oHi. oraesaeTB „3moiuh u otvb 
, % CTpacTefi", ho ycTaHaBJUBaeTb 3to pa3jniHie tslbtb HecoBepmeHHO, 
hto HejiBdfl He coroiaoHTBc? ot» Cejura, Korjja totb rosopHT'B 
(Human Mind, Vol. II, p. 56): „3to pasjorseHie icaxceTca mhx ho 
bhouh'b flCHHirb". 3to paajraneme ycTaHaBjiHBaeTCH Jlasre cjtb* 
syiomHifB o6pa8oif f z»: 

„HeC0MH4HH0 (rOBOpHT'S OH* Ha CTp. 16—17), TTO, CB OAHOH CTOpOHBI, 

neiaiB, pajocTB, CTpaxB, rabBi h aHajorHTOua hm* noHHTia, a c% jpyroH— 
ak>6obb, HeHaBHCTB, npespime, yffHBjreHie h t. n. cocTaBJUoorB ib* rpynnii 
ABjemft, KOTopua b-b ncHxojonraecKOM'B OTHorneHiH jflxxau 6htb paaiiiHaeioi. 
Tojibko wul nepBoi rpynm a y^epay TepHHH* „8M0iaH tf , hjth .nymeBHHa ^bh- 
seHia; „Apyria se ocTaHyrca cxpacxaMH, ^yBCTBaMH hjh nycTB hx'b HasBiBa- 
lOTi, KaKB yro^HO a . 

„Ho rpaHHua Mesxy sthmh abymh noHHTiaiiH Hasor^aHe 6uia npoBe^eHa 
xoTa Tpywio o6bachhtb 1 no^eicy no spa&Hei arfepi HayHHaa ncaxoioria He 
HyBCTBOBaia noTpe6HOCTH bb 6orie to^homb hx'b pasrpaHHHeHiH". 

„Be3ycjoBHO Heo6xoiHMO,— no spa&Hei Mip* jm Bcaitaro, eto saHHuaeTca 
4»H3ioioriei) 3thx% ABjeHifl,— paaiHTOLTB hx'b ipyra otb j^pyra HacEOXBKO B03- 
moxho acH^e. Tasia aBiema, KaKB cTpaxB, apocTB, pa^ociB, mbi He aojubhbi 

CMtlHHBaTB Cb 3aBHCTBD, XJK)60BBK), CTpaCTBK) Kli CB06o^ H T. H. Pa3JHlie 

Hes^y 8THMH xpyiia rpynnaira 3aKiK>HaeTca He tojbko bb 6oJBmeH cjoxhocth 
hoci^ahhx'b a^eKTOBB, cocTaBieHHBix'B H3B ctoxb pa3HOo6pa3HBixB ^ynieB- 
hbixb ajeMeHTOBB, hto bi ^^ o6pa30BamH HrpaKyrB poiB ^a»e yMCTBen- 
HHe nponeccBi, pe^ieKcia, Xp ^o b*b caoaHOCTH h pa3Hoo6pa3iH ycjoBifi caMo- 

TO HXl BOSHHHHOBeHia. TA).-w a^^eKTHBHHft COCTOEHia, KaEl 1H)60BB, HeHa- 
BHCTB, y^EBjeme, o6pa3f^& ^$t> cioshoS CHCiemincHXHHecKHX'BflBieHiH, 



J Sc» 



70 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

h% jtoTopyso OTjdtabHua anoitfH, EaKi> paaocTb, rHiB-B, CTpaxt h t. n., MoryrB 

BXOAHTl. Bb BHAlj OTfltjBiHHX'b SieMeHTOBl, 67^7^ CaMH OTJ&lbHHMH, npOCTH- 

kh HB:reiriKMH u . 

Cfcaa&BHaro, kohchho, Boomi aocTaTOHHO hm ycTaHOBaemji 
HByx^ rpynirB, noKa bt» cocTaBt sthxt* rpynirb bxomtb tojib- 
ko KpailHie hxt» npeflCTaBHTem, Hanp., rarliB'b — ct» ojjhob; cropo- 
hh m crpacTB KTb CBo6offB— OTb apyrofi; ho Kor^a mu nepeftjxeM i» 
k-b 6oa r B6 yifipeHHHM'B npeaoTaBHTeaaM'b rpymrt, to BHmenpn- 

B6H6BHEH XapaKTepHCTHKa HXt 0BaXC6TG& H6J0[OCTaTOHHOS. Ab- 

TOp^B, eaapHMipi,, xapaKTepHByeTB „paBOiapOBaHie", RaifbSMO 
uito, Korupaa toxbko OToyTOTBieMi, n cyaopoKHaro ooKpamema 
cocyaobt/ 1 OTjiH^aeToa oti> neiaJiH (cTp. 45, aTaKse cm. BHrnenpn- 
Be^eaHvioTa6jrauy). Ho pa3B^„pe$aeKci£" Henrpaerb poain npn 
pagoqapoBamn?! 

r i.]iyroM , B doorse BaxcHHM*B He^ocraTKOMt yneHLa JIaHre mu 
c^nTaeMii B3rjiHflT> ero Ha OTHomeHie SMorufi kt> HyBCTBosa- 
fuhmii. Korna aBTopi» roBopnrb, hto 6e3i> B036y^cneHia Ba- 

^OMOTOpHOfl CHCTeMH MM 6fcUlH-6tI „6e3yiaCTHHMH 14 3pHTeJIHMH ; 
KOr.ia OH?> B*B flpyrOMt M'ECrt (CTp. 80) rOBOpHTb O B03MO)KHOCTH 

noiiB;ieHi« „<racro pa3cyaoHHaro" neJiOB'BKa, juih KOToparo panocrb 
b rope L^jiaiOTca ^tojibko 6ojte3hjimh", „onHHaKOBO HenpHJiHH- 
ulimh ejih Hero", — to ohi», no HameMy mh-bhIio, rjiy6oKO 3a6jiy»c- 
jiaeTca na c^eTi> OTHOtnemg Meacay no3HaBaTejn>HbiMH h 3mo- 
nioHa^i.niJMH ajieMeHTaMH Hamero ayxa. He roBopa y^ce o npy- 
rrcxi, cooCpa^ceHiflxi>, KacaTbca KOTopbix-b 3fl*BCb He m*bcto, 

^OCTaTO*!HO SaM'ETHTb, HTO, eCJIH 3HaHHTeJlBHMH H3M-BHeHi£ OTHpaB- 
J}Qtt\'A mUOMOTOpOB'B OtfyCJIOBJIHBaiOT'b B3pUBl> crpacTefi, TO H 

liopMajibHoe nanpsiHceHie cocyflOBi. h MycKyjioBi., Heo6xoflHMoe 
huh upoiiojiyKemsi xorhh, conpoBOMC^aeTca 3HaiHTeJibHUMH iyB- 
cTBOBaHiiiMH. H to 3Ke caMoe ycKopeHHoe KpoBooGpameHieBijMosry, 
Koiopoe ycHJiHBaerb o6mee pajjocTHoe HacTpoeHie, yBejiHHHBaeTi* 
TaK^ce n Haray cnocoCHOCTb ,,flyMaTb", jxfejiaerb TeneHie MbicJiefi 
6ojrEe cbo6o^hhmi> h jierKHM'B. JIaHre rjiyGoico oamGaeTca, Kor- 
jia npiiHMMaeTTb HeycToftHHBocTb flHKapa 3a npH3Haicb cymecTBO- 
BaiuH y Hero 6oji£e MoryHHxi> nyBCTBOBaHifl; ho TaKt KaK*B bi» 
^aHHow^ cJiyna-B Hamt aBTopi> tojibko pasff'BJiaeTi. aoBOJibHo 
pacupocTpaHeHHufl npeflpa3cyAOKi», to mm h He 6yaeMi> cbh3m- 
BaTb GupoBepaceHifl 3toto npe^pa3cy^Ka cb odcy^KAeHieMt ero 
opHrnuajibHofi Teopia. PyccKifl nepeBojn (kotophA c^JiaH-b, one- 
nrijiHa, no $paHD;y3CKOMy a H^MOKKOMy nepeBOAaMi>) HHTaeTca 
jieiKo. CH'BJiaeM'b TOJibEO oaho 3aM'EHaHie: aBTopa 30ByTt He 
r, Jlanre, a K. JIaHre, 3to Ba5KHO, h6o bt» $HJioco$CKoft JiHTe- 
paxypt ectb H*BCKOJibKo JIaHre. 



HOBHfl KHHrH. 71 

HHTejuieBTyajiBHUfl <J>yHBniH rojiOBHOro noara. Ilp.-^on;. B. A 

HypaTOBa. Hasan*. 1896. 

CaM-b aBTopi> CJi^JiyioniHM'B oGpa30Mi> pe3K)MHpyeTi> coaep- 
j^caHie CBoefl 6pomiopBi (cTp. 13): 

„1) MOHCHO CHHTaTB <5e3yCJIOBHO flOBa3aHHHMl>, HTO BT» HeJIO- 

BiHecKOMi. M03ry cymecTByrorb oixfcjibHBie annapaTti, 3an£- 
jiyiomie onpejrfcjieHHBiMH hcpbhbimh oTnpaBJiemaMH. 3jieMeHTap- 
Htia ncHXH^ecKia chocoGhocth (naMaTB rfcxTb hjih flpyrHXT> cne- 
iXiajibHHX'B npe^CTaBJieHifl) npiyponeHBi ki> onpeji'fcjieHHHM'B ot- 
jl^jiaMi. M03ra, jioicajiH30BaHBi u . 

„2) HapaBHi cb TaKOK) HHCTO-MosroBOio a^aTejiBHocTBK), cy- 
mecTByeTi> o6n*e-M08roBaa hjih UHtneipaAhHaa (fcyHiciua M03ra; 
aHaTOMo-$H3iojiornHecKaH ea ocHOBa BBipaxcaeTca coHeTaiejiBHUMt 
MexaHHSMOM-B M03ra; <J>yHKijioHajiBHoe ycnosie — cobm^cthoc B03- 
<5y3KjxeHie MHornxi* HepBHMXt ueHTpoBi, h hxi> coeflHHHTejiBHHX'B 
nyrefi". 

Bpomiopa bi> o6meMi» npeacTaBJiaerB HHTepecB ajia ny6jiHKH, 

HO, KT» COXCaJI^HiK), 6H flOCTOHHCTBO 3HaHHTejIBH0 yMeHBmaeTca 

BecBMa HenocTaTo^HOK) o6ochobkok) B3rjiH^a aBTopa no caMOMy 
Ba3KHOMy H3i> Bonpocos* ncHXOJiorin, — no Bonpocy o co3HaHia. 
„Co3HaHie, HHTaeMt mu Ha dp. 9, pa3BHBaeTca h3*b cnocoC- 
hocth nejioB-fcica npoTHBonocTaBJiflTB ce6a BfffeuiHeMy Mipy: 
npeotcde eceio, CAtbdoeameAbHO, o6pa3yemc* cosHame ceoeu Mtmiocmu". 
(KypcHBi* Hatm>). TaKHMi> o6pa30Mi>, no MH^Hiio aBTopa, caMo- 
oosHame ecTB aBJieme nepBHHHoe, a co3HaHie — HBJieme btophh- 
Hoe — pa3BHBaeTca H3i> caM0C03Hama. 3to B3rjiaai>, jxjiz BBiaoie- 
Hia (He roBopa yace „juia oGocHOBama") KOToparo cjrfeflOBajio- 
6bi cA^JiaTB ropadgo <5ojn>me, hIsm-b ca^JiaJii* aBTopi>. Co- 
rjiamaacB (bi> npHir&naHiH >6 17) cb t^m-b, hto hmi> He 3aipo- 
HyTa „$HJioco$CKaa CTopoHa Bonpoca" h saaBJiaa, hto „Ha Cojrfce 
nojiHHfl aHajm3-B ncHxojiorHnecKHX'B npoixeccoB-B no cymecTBy 
oht> He npeTeH^yeT , B a , — aBTopi> orpaHHHHBaeTca npocToro ccbiji- 
kok) Ha paCoTy 3iccH3pa, pa6oTy, npa6aBHMi> otb ce6a, pyccKoft 
ny6;iHK^ coBepraeHO HeHSB-fecTHyio n HefloCTynHyio. 



hobmh KHHrH, nocTynHBfflia b t pe^ikuiio 

Kh. A. KponOTKHHt. CTHXOTBopeHia. Mocraa, 1896 r. H;. 1 p. 

IIOJIB BypiKB. Tpara^ecsaa ajpuuria. PonaHi>. IhIIt. Oftecca, 1896 r. 
D;. 60 k. 

M. BaaHJieBOKlft, ~ *ntfOH* Bewb HcaaK'b-PamH. Hba. H. IHepMaHa. 
Ojecca, 1896 r. H;. 15 k. ^°* 



72 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

C\ T\&Wh. Monceft MafiMOBHiB. Hs*. fl. IIIepMaHa. Oaecca, 1896 r. 
H. 15 e. 

CpejjHe-ABiaTCKifl: B r feCTHHKn>. HayvHO-aHi-epaTypHBin sypHara. 
Ik>hb 1896 r. TamKeHT-B. JX. 70 r. 

H. A. KpH)KOB1>. npnaMypcKift Kpaft Ha BcepocciftcRoft BHCTaBKi b"b» 
fi, -HoBropo^t. 1896 r. 

Ha urn aaiaTGKle eoc*ffH-KHTaftn;i>i. Hai,. cHapo^Hoft BH<Saio- 
TeRH* B. H. MapaRyesa. OAecca, 1896 r. IJ. 25 k. 

C0HHH6HlH H. A. Jto6pOJlH>60Ba, T. IV. Hsa,. 0. H. IIonoBoft. Cn6. 
1896 r. It- aa nerape TOMa 7 p. 

H. A. PyOaKHHTb. Pa8CKa3H o Beamnrb h pposHBixi HBaeHiflx* 
npHpojn, H3A. 3-e 0. H. IIonoBOH. Cn6., 1896 r. IJ. 18 b. 

HapJlb3Tb JJapBHH'B. HyTeraecTBie Ha Ropa6a£ cBHraBi. Bbih. II, 
naA- ^1* ^T. ^HjrannoBa. Cn6. 1896 r. 

A. 9. KOHH. 3a nocatiHie roaH. Cn6. 1896 r. 1J. 3 p. 

B. F. H(erJIOB1>. rocyaapcTBeHHBift Cob^tt* bb napcxBOBaHie Himepa- 
Topa AaeKcaHflpa I. JIpocaaBaB. 1895 r. IJ. 3 p. 

Ero-HC©. PfriB nepe^i aoktopckhm* incnyTOirB. HpocaaB&B. 1896 r. 
U,. 20 r. 

A. OCpasn;OBl>. EpocB-BTHTeiLHue saB'BTBi fi. A. KoMeBCRaro. Cn6. 
1896 r. H. 40 R. 

O. OJlbJjeHCypr'B. HapoflHwa nncoaBi EsponeftcRoft PocciH b*b 1892—93 
rofly- Cn6, 1896. I(. 50 R. 

B n. BaXT6pOB1>. CejiBCRifl BOCRpecHUfl mRoaH. Ha*. K. J. Ames- 
ckoA. Moc&Ba, 1896 r. 

B. PaeBCKlft. Hbb »h8hh HapoflHHxi yqHaanrB. H.-HoBropoa>, 1896 r. 
O. O. COHrHH'B. 3HaixeHie BBicmaro TexHHuecRdro oGpaBOBaHia am 

pyccKoft npoMBimaeHHOCTH. H.-HoBropoiB, 1896 r. 

H. EapMIUHHKOBTb. BaiaHia ppaMOTHOCTB paCoqHXB na yaynneme 
{JiaGpirtinoA apoMBimaeaaocTa. H.-HoBropoai, 1896 r. 

C\ CnepaHOKift. PaCoiie jOMa b-b PocciH h sa rpaHHaeio. Cn<5. 1896 r. 

Kh. H. IUaxOBOKOfl. CeaBCRO-zoaflftcTBeHHBie OTxosie npoMBicaBi. Mo- 
cttBa. 1896 r. H;. 1 p. 

M. C. YBapOBrb. Bahrain OTxoacaro npoMHcia Ha caHHTapHoe noao- 
iKeHie PocciH. Cn6., 1896 r. 

ryeTaBl> UleHGepr'B. noaoateme Tpyaa bb npoMBnnaeHHocTH. EaGaio- 
Tosa ana caMooCpaaoBaaifl. MocRBa, 1896 r. B|. 1 p. 60 R. 

KpaTKift 03(5opi> ^bHT6JiBH00TH M-Ba 3enaea*aia h TocyiapcT- 
BeHHHi'B HscymecTBi.. Cn6. 1896 r. 

3eMJieB r fefl*Hie. IIoii peg. #. H. AHjniBHa. Kh. I h n. MocRBa, 
1896 r. % 3 p. 50 R. 

BueKJIOBTb. KapTOiHaa cHCTOMa b*b somcroh TeKyajeft cTaTHCTHR-B. Ca- 
paTOBt, 1896 r. 

Ce si b0K0-X03HftCTBeHHBlft 0(53 Opi» CavapcROH rySepaia sa 1895— 
96 r. Camapa, 1896 r. 

Bhjiij: Ha yposcaft bt» nojixaBOKoft ry6. bt> 1896 r. noarasa, 
1896 r. 

y poJKafi 1895 r. bb Koctpomcroh ry6. KocTpoMa, 1896 r. 

A-PT* n. H. IIpoXOpOBTb. BioaorH^ecRifl ochobh MeaHHHHBi. Cn6. 
1896 p. Hi, 1 p. 25 r. 



II3T> FEPMAHID. 73 

fl-pi> KlOHepTb. rnrieiia judGbh. Oflecca, 1896 r. IJ. 50 k. 

B. ^MHTpieBI.. CpaBHeme AByxt 8Hmt> bt> Hat*, fljrra, 1896 r. 

PeoopMa ffeHeacHaro oGpam;eHlH bt. Poccin. jjoKaaaH h npeHia 
*bt> Booi.no -3kohom. 06m;. CTeeorpa$HqecKift OTqen>. Cn6. 1896 r. IJ. 1 p. 50 k. 

CB0^1» TOBapHWXTb iJ'feHTb Ha rjiaBHuxi, pHQKaxi, Poccin 3a 1890— 
95 r. HBfl. M-Ba <$HHaHC0BT> Cn6. t 1896 r. 

A. H. IlOnepeKOBTb. KaKt nrpaTt Ra <J>opTeniaHO, ho 3Haa tiotl. 
Cn6., 1896 r. IJ. 20 k. 

HCTOpH^eCKlft OHepKTb a*ht6JH»hocth pocciflcROft o6m. Kpacearo 
KpecTa. Cn6., 1896 r. 



031) TepMamH. 



Bt OflHOHTB H3T> nOCJT&flHHX'B HHCeaTB a Bt H'fcCKOJIBRHX'B CJIOBaXt 
0TMtTHJn> Tt 06lUlH yCJOBlil H'feneU.KOtt JKH3HH, Ha noqB'fc ROTOpHXt 

B03HHRaK>TB pasjunqHEiH TeqeHia ofimecTBeHHoft mhcm c*b xapaRTep- 
hhmi cmieiaTKOM'B anocTOJiBCTfia h npopo^ecTBa. Obh aBJiattTca Ha 
uoBepxHOCTH RasflHft pa3t, Kor^a o6mecTBeHHbia npoTHBopiiia #o- 

pa3BHJIHGB £0 TaKHXT* paSMtpOBB, HpH KOTOpHXl CTOpOHEI H6 TOJHbKO 

ie chocoShbi jkhtb bb MHpi spyrb ctb flpyroin*, ho h qyTB an ho ne- 
pecTajH ApyrB apyra noHHMaTB. Mea^y TaRHMH CopiomHMHca Rpaa- 
hqmh rpynnaMH HM-fceTca o6ukhob6Hho eme HefiTpaABHufi cjoft, othc- 
Hynjfl BpaacAyion^HMH CTOpOHaMH, H BB HGMy TO rjaBHHlTL o6pa30Mi> 
oSpamaeica B3opT» «npopoRa>. HneaaHSM'B nocjrfe^Baro CoirfceTB bb bh^y 
6opb6h KJiaccoBX, cocaoBift, HcnoBiaaHift, pact... He Haxojtfl una ce6a 

B03M0HHHMT» npHMHHyTB Kl» TOfi MH HHOfi IiapTiH, npopOKB 06pa- 

maeTca k*b HeftTpajBHuuB cjioawL, B036ys#aeTB hx*b oBoeft npo- 
noBBABK), cTapaflCB oo3AaTB H3i» hhxb npHMHpnTeJbHoe 3Beeo A-aa 
KpafiHHXB nojiDCOBB o6mecrBa. 

Hs'B HHTepecyromaxB HacB npoflBjemfi yMCTBeHHaro ABHsceHia co- 
Bpe&ieHHoft TepHaHiH hh bb oahoitb Tasi pfeRo He npoaBjaeTca xa- 
paKTept anocTOABCKaro h npopoqecKaro nponoBinHHqecTBa, KaR-B Bb 
«Cok>3* a^h pacnpocTpaHeHia 9raaieBCRHX , B Mucieft»... HeTaTeaB cb 
HGAoyM^HieMB cnpocflrb: bto eme q-ro sa mhcjih?! Ilocntiny otbIj- 

THTB: 3T0 MHGU OTCTaBHOrO HOflROBHHKa MopHI^a $0HB-9rHflH, OflHOft 

H3B caMtixt JiK)6oauTflHXB (ftaryp'B na necTpoui $0Hi pe^opjiaTop- 
ckhxb crpeifjreHifi coBpeHeHHOH TepMaHin. 

JltTt 5 — 6 TOMy Ha3aAB b*b neqaTH h ofimecTBi o6paTHJH» Ha ce6a 
BHBMaHie $aKTB aoaBJieHia MajieHBHOfl, Bcero CTpaHnijB bb 50 6po- 
luiopH no^B 3arjaBieMT» <Ernste Gedanken> (CepBesnua mhcjuj). Hht6- 
pecB ki> 6pomiop6 ycHJiEUCH eme Oojtbo otb pacnpocipaHHBUiaroca 
u3B r 6cTia, qio ea aBTopt, ao t&xb nopt hojirobhhk'b caRcoHCKOti apMia 



74 PYCCKOE BOrATCTBO. . 

fyoK-b-dTERU, ocTaBajTB cay*6y h pfauHJTB nooBATHTB ce6a Bceijtio HO- 
BOMy pony A^flTejiLHOCTH. EiecTamift o$Hijep'B, oinptioKt oflHoft hbt* 
Bbi^aromBXCfl apHCTOKpaTHqecKHXt h4m6i^khib $aMHJrift, qeJOBiKt, 
KoropoMy yjifiifiajiacB npeBocxoAHaa BoeHHaa Kapbepa, 6pocaen> apidio 

H COIHHfleTB fCepBeSHHfl MHCJIH*!.. <&aRTB HGCOMHiHHO nHRaHTEllfi, 

8acTaBHBmifi MHoraxt npeAnoiosHTB, wo 9rHAieBcm muoih, otobhaho, 
He coficiu'B corjacoBajHCb cl ayxoin. BoeHHoft ahcijhmhhh h ct> 3a- 
AaqaMH BoeHHoft cjtjs6u. Ho saa^Bift, npoTOTaBmift <Ernste Gedan- 
ken> ^OHt-SrHAH, mofb y6iAHTBca, qTO HMiert a**o cb oahhitb hsi 
flHcuHnjHHHpoBaHHiftniHX'B h peMriosHMnnECB JLjosfiA. Ero ocoCoh- 

HOCTB SaKJIOqajaCB JHmB B*B TOM*, TrO CBOD peJHri03HOCTB OHl> HO 
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i^iaiBHOd opTOflOKciH. #a h bto, noaaiyft, He ecTb oco66hhoctb oahoto 
3rH^H, a ijiaoft naccn ero coBpeMeHHHKOBx. Ho euro Macca jrerao 
pa3AliHBaeTCfl cb bthmh npoTHBopi^iflMH h qepesi TaKifl saTpyAHBHitf 
TaR*B cKaaaTb, chokoBho nepexoAffn k'b oiepe^H aha, to 9rHA&, Ha- 

npOTHBl, CB p^niHTeJIBHOCTBK) OCTaHaBJHBaeTCfl Ha 8T01TB nyflKTi. 

SI ynoMaHyjn, Btune 061 9raAi©BCR0irB cods*, cocTaBrameM* 
Ht^TO bt, poA* oCmHHbi ero npHBepseHijeB'B... Bnpo^eirL, roBopa Ta- 
khmt» oCpasoirB, a rpimy npotHB'B ochobhhxt> y&feSAeHift 3rnAH. 
€HpHB6p»eHipi» — noHHTie, coBepmeHHo npoTHBHoe BceMy oRiaAy ero 
B033ptmi: 7 8rHAH h*ti» npHBepsemjeBi>, bto bco Apy3B& ero dpeM- 

JieHi&. CoOTBtTCTBeHHO Cl 9THJTB 9rHAH H6 SHaeTB H <HpOTHBHH- 

kob*b>; am Hero cymecTBymrB bt> 9tomt> oTHomemH mieb wowe jmm- 
cwmie... Ho 9rHAH Tanaa OTkpiiTafl, TaKaa HCKpeHHaa HaTypa, tto 
Boofinje nojBByeTCfl npHBHierieft ho hm4tb hpothbhhkob'b b*b Bpaac^eC- 

HOM-L CMHCJTfc 9T0r0 CJOBa: HUtlDTOH TOIBKO, AtftCTBHTeJTBHO, HHaie #y~ 

Maiomie. HHTepecHo, oAHaRO, cnpoonTB cefia: *rro AOCTaBHao evy «Apy- 
aeft ero CTpeujemlb? 

JUbha'b $pH^pHX , B ntrpaycB cnpamHBa»: xpHCTiaHe-jra ira en^e? 
drBAH se OTaBHTb BonpocB: xpHOTiaHe-ra mh yse? 06a ohh Aa»TB 
OTpnrjaTejiBHHft otb^tb. Ho eciH &m ElTpayca xpncTiaHCTBo 6ujo 
yqeaiein>, HcnoBiAameM^, — to ajmi 9rHAH oho octb sejiaHie, AiflHio. 
He oTpnr^aa, ito cTpeMjema xpHCTiaHCTBa HanpaBiemi K'B npeo6pa- 
30BaHix> HH^HBHAyyMa, 3rn^H Bee se cqHTaerB BunoueHie xpHciiaH 
CRerB Tpe6oBaHift bosmoshhitb jhihb nyxeirB coBOKynHoft pa6oTH. Bojrhe 
cofiepmeHHUH ycjroBia h606xoahmbi &m ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHia JHqflocTB; 
Ha Hxi c03AaHie AOJrsna 6bitb HanpaBJieHa o6maa boah, h jch^hoctb 
noiyraTB AocTaTo^Ho npocropa h cb^ts hjul CBoero npoaBiema. Gi> 
TeopeTHHeoRott totoh spiHia, taRoro pow nocrpoeHie micjieS npeACTaB- 
juerb circulus vitiosus, TaKT> RaR% o6h(hoctb HAea^BHHX'B seiaHift 
npe^aojaraerL h coBepmeHHHX'B HHAHBHAyyMOBi. Ho drnxH ycicaTpH- 

BaeTB BT» KyjBTypHOlTB paSBHTiH leJIOBtqeCTBa Cpe^CTBO A^ttCTBHTeJB* 

Haro Buxo^a H3t yRa3aHHaro Rpyra. 

Ror^a noflBHiHCB <CepB63HLia mhcih> 3rH#H, to y^eHtre Teoiora 
He MorjH yAepacaTBca otb yjru6RH 9 wb BH^y 9T0ft yAHBHTeiBHOft no- 



B3B rtPMAHIfl. 75 

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y3ejrb B^KOBoft npo6ieMH. Ha 50 Tomaxt CTpammax'B 6ponnopu pa3 - 

ptfflHTB BOnpOCH, KOTOpHXt H6 pa3p4lIIMH TEICfl^H TOMOBt yqeHHXB 

HSCJ-feAOBamfi nepBOHCTO^mHKOB'L!.. Ho a**o 6wlq He bt> SponiDpi, — 
h ea ycnix* Chjtb odycjioBaeffB raaBHHirB o6pa80MB t&mb, qro, pa- 
AOmb cb ea noaBJieHieMx, noHBHaacB Ha ofimecTBeHHoft apeni h caiia 
jinqHOCTB ea aBTopa. 8rHAH cairB pmyjca bt> boaobopoti shshh, 

HT06il OTCTOflTL npaBOTy CBOHX* Hncieft, h KaaE^OMy BHHMaraiBHOMy 

HafijiDAaTeM) 6hjo hcho, to> 9Ta cHjBHaa jmhootb oTBeprjra Tpann 
iUh He Ha ocHOBamH HSCjit^oBaHia nepBOHCTO^HHKOB'B, a bb bhay 
npoTHBOptiia hxb ct jkhbhmh omymemaMH HHBaro perariosHaro qyB- 
cTBa... HaceGfc h bb ce64 caiiofi 8Ta jopihoctb KaRB6Hnepe*HJiaTiiAor- 
MaTHqecKia npenaTCTBia, KOTopua ctohtb Ha uyrH ocymecTMeflia xpa- 
criaHCKHX'B Tpe6oBaHifi. #4aHie mx 8rHAH mcerao no-crojrBRy Aoporo, 
nocKOJLKy oho ooBepmaerca ct> Btpott. Ero Bipa octb yBipeHHOCTb 
bi> rpBjsjiUQWb, vb ero ooymecTBJOHiH... <Caia B*pH,— roBopDTL 
dra^H, — H3M*paeTca rfeirB, Ha oroibeo OHa Bceaaera b*b Haci yGfeac- 
Aeme b*b ocymecTBJieHie Toro B08MoaHaro, ito KopeHHTca btb Btq- 
hoitb aaKOHi. BuooKaa oTpa^a vbpu He vl tomb, tto OHa boaotb 
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cKa3HBaeTca bb noGysaeHin, HanpasjaromeirL nacB fb Aofipy. Ecah 
a moid: Tocno^B, ynpinH bo MHt Bipy,— to 8thm*b a xoiy aoGhtbca 
BHyTpeHHeft hchocth othochtojibho 6oroyro£HBix'B ycaoBift shshh; a 
6opiocB H3i> 3a yBipeHHOcTH, qTO TaRia ycjOBia ocyn^ecTBHTca...» 

HCXOAH H3B 8THXB IIOIOSeHifi, 9rHAH CB0D B*py OBOAHTB Ki> 

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xj&rb CBiwaro 6yAymaro; oh* BtpHn, tto yae b* seiiHoro qe.no- 
Btaa 3ajoaceHH 6osecTBeHHua Havaia, sajroseHa ohocoChoctb ho 
tojilko yfiaxeHifl K* 9THM1) HaqaiairB, ho hxb oMOAOTBopeHia... cMu 
Aojkkhh co8^aTB ycjOBia, — ^MeqTaeTB ohx cb npncymeft eiiy cTpacT- 
hoctbk), — npH KOTopuxt ho mbicjihmu HHRaRie npoTHBo6osecTB6HH£ie 
noorynRH, ycjOBia, HCMK)qai)mia Bcasoe no6ys;ieHie, bcaroo noACTpe- 
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jijo^h 6y^yn> bb hoitb shtb bb nojHott 6e3rptrnHOCTa...» 

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KOBHBRa He Majo dumaiocB myTORi. Ho Bee 3Haqeme 8rH#H HMeHHO 

BT> erO 0HTHMH3Mi; OH*B CaiTB CBOefi JHqHOCTLK) CJHySHTb AORasaTeiB- 
CTBOBfB TOti p^AKOfi BHepriH, Ha KattJD ODOeofiOH'B 0nTHMH3MT>... &YEJS?L He 

cqHTaeTB ce6a qejoB^KOMt nepa, ho Tpy#HO npeACTaBHTB ce6i 6oi4e 
iMOAOBHTaro nHcaTeia 9 qiMB ohb, B0o6me-T0 roBopa jhiiib HicROJiBRO 
Jiin, TOMy HasaAB h bb oqeHb 3ptjroMB Bospacrb (hoitb 50 ibn) 
B3flBmiflcfl sa nepo. Ho Kaac^aa HanacaHHaa hhb cTpona jsjamerb 

ptAKOfi CHJOft BOJH, rOTOBOft TOT^aCB 06paTHTBCfl BB JljkXO. dVEJUL 

cqHTaert ce6a qeiOBiKOMx xio npeHMymecTBy simaro cjoBa h, Eara 
opaTopi, oh*b, A*8cTBHTejrB^ opHrBHajieH'B. Ero pi«B ofijnqaerB bb 
HeMT» OTqacra 6HBmaro Uo.v-nBft^ KonaHAHpa: rpoMRaa a<> Toro, hto 



76 PVCCKOK BOrATCTBO. 

cjitraraa vb cauun OTAaieHHHxi yriax* canoft 6oiBmofi CepraHCRoft 

3SJH, OHa BMTHa, H606UKH0B6HH0 BHeprBTCHa H npOHHKHyTa JtfXOWb 

oeanpeKocjioBHoti aBropHTeTHOCTV. Bi RaamoirB ciob4 opaTopa sbj- 
nzTb sasAa A**&» xryqaa bom. 

3thaii Haqajn> cbod pa6oTj CBToro,Tro cTajrt 6yAHTB bt> imax* 
xpHCTiaHCRo-peJEHriosHOe co3HaHie. Ho ohi ho ocTaHoBraca Ha btomx. 
Hepesi h4ckojibro lritanieirB noci* «Ernste Gedanken> noaBHJiacB (forte 
oo^eMHCTaa ero KHHSCKa: < Wei teres and Ausbau der Ernsten Gedanken> 
(^ajBHifiinee o6ocHOBame cepBesHHX'B MHcaeS). KHiisKa raraaacbcb 
y^BoeHHHirb HHTepecoMt, noTOMy tto r* Tony BpeMeHH ea aBTop-B ycirtob 
yace cTasaTb ceftfc H3BicTHy» nonyjrapHOCTB h co6paTL okojio ce6a 
3Ha?RTeiu>Hytt o6mHHy «^py3eft cbohx-b CTpeiueHift*. Ero ochobhoA 
rjhiii: Religion nicht mehr neben unserem Leben — unser Leben 
selsbot Religion! *)— ocTaeTca h BnocaiACTBin oaBEHMX ao3yHroirb ero 
cTpeioenift. Ho caMuft xapaKTep* ero A*ffreJH»HOCTH nocTeneHHO oxBa- 
THBaen> Bee 6oaBinift Kpyn> ROHRpeTHHX'B »H3HeHHHX'B HBiemi; et> 
anocTojbOTBy ceAMaro xpHcriaHOTBa*, ei perariosHO-STH^ecKoicy npo- 
poHecTBy npHfiaBiflDTCfl qeprti coitfaiBHO-BraqecRoS nponoBi^H. noojrt- 
AOBaieJtbHO noflBiiiiDTCfl ero JHTepaTypHHH nyfiiHRaum: owm o 
co3BaHHOifB EWb bt> ahh Tponiju 1891 roAa coSpaHin (Bericht 
ueber die Pfingstversmamlung), ^ajie— KHHSKa <Ernstes Wollen> 
(HcspeHHee xejaHie), «Leitworte> (PyROBOA*mifl mhcm) h Apyr. 

Ero Tpe6oBaEifl nocTeneHHO bhxoahtb sa rtOHHe npeAiaH Aoraa- 
THqecKHXi> pe$opin>, oxBaTHBaDTb c$epy xpncTiaHCRott Mopajii h 
pacnpocTpaHflDTca Ha yayqmeHie coitfajiBHHX'b s nojiHTHqecKHX'B ycio- 
bih napoAHoft shshh. IIpH 0tomt> nocTeneHHO o6HapysHBajacB Ta 
npfliio nopa30TejibHafl craa h BUAepsRa xapanrepa, Ta pi&Asafl Tpy- 
AOBaa BHepria, Kaidfl oTAaxB Ha ciy»6y cbohmi y6fc*AeHiain> btotb 
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opama; ofiasaTeaBHO noaBraeTca Ha Bcix-B Soaie mh Menke BHAaio- 
niHxcfl co6paniflxi paajraraHHX'B napTifi, hto6u opieHTHpoBaTbca otho- 

CHTeJbHO Sftofe BpeMeHH H AHH; OH'B CT> rOTOBHOCTBD HpHHHMaeTX 

Bctxi> h KasAaro, kto aeaaeTB roBopnrB ct> hhitb o pa3Hbixi> «npo 
kjatuxi BonpoeaxT>»; Bdynaerb vb nHCBiieHHUH h ycTHua CHome- 
Hia; ohi» ocHOBajrB obod co6cTBeHHyn HOAtJUBHyio rasoTy cVers&h- 
nung» — (IIpHMHpeHie) — «AonojraHTe^BHHfi opraFB kt> eaceAHeBHUH-k 
raseTaan Bcixi naprifi» h bt> hohi oTEiHsaeTca Ha Bci BoiHyioiuie 
coBpeHeHHOCTB BonpocH... BrnAH CA&iajcfl vb o(5mecTBeflHott shsbh 
caei^iaiBHO BepjiHHa qejosteoicb, ccHJKa Ha MHtHie Koioparo p'b- 
maen> qacTo HHTepecyromift Bonpoci bx Ty hih HHyn CTopony. Moacno 
Ha3BaTB n^Hft paAi rpoMKHxi OepiHHCKHxi* npoi^eccoB'B nocj^AHflro 
BpeMeHH— JiHTepaTypHuxi, noxHTH^eosHxi, — r^t 3rfl,a,H Hrpaj^ ptmaio- 



*) Pesurlfl He pa^OM-B ci sasmio; eania »H8oi»— cana peraria. 



H3T> rEPMAHIH. 77 

myn pojib ;i;o6pocoBfccTHaro cBtmiTejra. ,1a ohi> h bb 08110111 jfcrh »e- 
Boft cBHfltTeJb Bcero coBepmaromaroca: ohb Ha co6paHiim> 6e3pa6uT- 
huxi, con.iajiHCTOB'L, aHapjHCTOB*L, — ofb ope^H npoTecTyromHX'b npo- 
thbb peasqioHHaro rpasaaacRaro KO^eKca aeHmnHB, cpe^a xpHCTiaH- 

CKH-COryaJTBHMX'L naCTOpOBT>, — OffB, CJEOBOMl, BCttfly opieHTHpyeTCfl, amer* 

noAKpiuueHifl cbohitl CTpeueHiflifB, cBoett npaB^ ceAraaro xpaariaa- 
cTBa». Ho hht/$ draw He BUCTynaerB hsi po*H npoposa, Kpiasaro 
wh cBoefl Bip4, roTOBaro Bcixi noywrB. 

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JIHriOSHUX'B H COIjiaJIBHO-aTH^eCRHX'B MHCieft 3rHAH npHC06AHflHJI00I> 

h HicKOJBKo hotb coipajBHO-noraTHiiecRaro xapaKTepa. Korjua, no oiy- 
Haso paonymeHia pefixcTara wb 1893 r., 6ujle Ha3Ha?eHH bobuo bli- 
6opn h RasAtifi npeTeHfleHTL paHyjca Ha nponaranay cBoeft napTic, 
to bt> CTpaHi pa3HecjacL B#pyrB BicTB, tto Srajpi wriroaeTca irbcia 
b*b napjaMeETt coGctbohhhme CHjaMB h 6e3t bchroA noAffepsRH Ka- 

I Kofi jib6o napm. 

II H3b4ctho, q-ro noBO^oiTB Kb pacnynjeHiro pefixcTara bi> 1893 r. 
£ cjiyrnHJii) BoeHHBifi 3aKOHonpoeKn». Bt» 8T01TB nyHKTi 8rEAE He cbh- 

3iiBaJi'b ce6a nepeffB H36apaTeraMH HHKaRHMH ofiaaaTeJiBCTBaiiH. «Kax- 
\; Aufi, AOMorann^iflcfl BsGpama,— roBopBi* oht> — ,gaixeffb cepB03H0 h 

r " 6630CTaH0B0^H0 AYMaTL HaffB BTH1TB BOOpOCOlTB, RaR*B H Hatf* BCflKfllfB 

* Apyrnut. Moh pa3MHnueHifl TasoBH: TpeOyeTca jee yB&nHqeme bo- 
eHHoft cmh? no H06Hy yftfcayjeHiJD, mu ho toibro ho ctohitb to- 

* uepB nepe^ boSho*, ho Ha fiyaymee Bpeira boAhb Boo6me ne- 
1 ' MucjuMoe ABJieHie. Mu ctohmb nepefl-B MHpoin*. Bofimi cyTB ab- 
f* .leeia, oTBepnrynifl RyjubTypmairB coaHameirB. Map* ho SHaiHTB: 
^ HiTB 6oj4e 6opB6n; MHpt sHaiHrB: h4tb 6orie boShh. Mm 

* to b a4jio npa Ras^OHx ciyqai 3aBipHeMi>, ?to He seiaeM'B 
^ boAhu. To ace AfaaOTB h Hamn coci^H... Ho HHiero eme He c^b* 
^ jiaHO, qTo6u A&ioirB y6tAHTB HamHXi> coc^eft vb HaineMt MHpo- 
£ jvH)6iE. JIhieb Kor^a TaKoro pojja oiiiitb o6HapyssrB HecooTBiTCTBes^ 
^ Hue pe3yjBTaTU, — jibhib Toraa mh mosohi cRasaTB: coci^H ffeJiarort 
tiP boAhh... Bt» BH^y dToro a, npes^e Bcero, noTpe6y» otb ctopohhbrobi> 
$■' 3aKOHonpoeKTa ocHOBaHia nxi onacemft e sarbMi, npe^ioacy hmt> 
^ pa^i) Mipx, KOTopua chocoShu 6yAyrB ^ORasaTB HamHirB cocb^aMt aame 
«£ 6e3ycJiOBHoe MHpoaio6ie. Si yis pacem para pacem *). Kto rafiyflB ^oji- 

B^ TRGR-b HaqaTB, H TOVb HO&TRQWb Ha^aTB, RTO BCfcxt 601BHie C03HaeTB 

ersci- cbok) cany. HaqaiB AOJaceH'B totb, rto cb qacToft cob^ctbio MoaeT^ 

behT' cRa3aTB: ae h3t> crpaxa nepe^i BoflHofi Rjna^y h opysie, ho H3i> jjo6be 

ps- kx Mapy. KoHeqao, uysecTBO Han,ia He aoji«ho bath npaxoMi>, ho 

1$ una. ero noj^epsaHia a pa3BHiia vb 6y#yn];eMi> He HyaKHU he nyniRB, 

rolfr hh nojra cpaaemtt>... 

i& TaKoso Matme o6b ycEjeniH MHiHrapaaMa h boAh* ChiBraaro hoji- 

jjjtf KOBHBKa repMaH«Ro* apMia. OtrAiyertM tobophtb, ^ito ero H36HpaTejiB- 

*) Kto xonen, Mapa,— ro^ ^ nnpy. 



/ 78 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

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KOTOpHMB 8T0TB TOIOF&RB 110 H&CROiBRy pa3B B*B A6HB BHCTynaiB Ha Ha- 

po^HLixi>co6paHiflxt;TyHenpeKJOHHocTL, cBRaRoi) ohb B03Bim&n> oboo 
cHOBoe cjobo* pa^oMi cb ApyrHMH anocroiaiiH ApyrHxi HOBUXl cjeobb! 
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H3HeM0aC6Hifl, BHHOCHMNXB Ha pyRdXB H3B 8aiii C06paHlH H HOClt H6- 

fioaBinoft nepeANnira cnosa HAynjHXB Ha Tpn6yHy. H 9niAH, eme ho- 
bhiorb bb noJomreecRoft arHTai^H, He OTCTaBaiB otb ApyrnxB. Ho 

OHB 6lMB H0BH36RB H, XOTfl COfipaJTB AOBOIBHO 3HailITeJIbHOe qflCJO 

roiocoBi>, po Bee se bb btotb para He aoCmch MicTa bb pettxcTarfe. 

H*TB O^HaKO COMH*Hifl, *TO HpH HOBHXB BN6opaXB,— BB RpaftHeMB 

cjiyqai bt> 1698 roAy, — Sihah BHCTymrrB CHosa co cBoett RaHAHAa- 
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cTan» o6oraTHTOfl oahhmb o^ohb opnrflHajBHHMB uohohb h opa- 

TOpOMB. 

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himb ocHOBaTB cbobd co6cTB6HHy» jmrepaTypHyiD Tpa6yHy, ynowiHy- 
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e^eHiflXB h pisaxB 3rHAH BCTpinaMTca caatHH pa^HRaiBHUH TpeGosaHi*. 
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ho Bcer^a hcho, RaRB pa3cqHTHBaerb 9rH^H npoBecTH hxb bb shshb. 
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CTpeMAOHiflMH h 8ptiUMH y6isAeHifliiH HysH cocTaBiADTB Hapo^Hoe 
npeACTaBHTejBCTBO. HapoAB nocmraerb cbohxb npeAOTaBHTejiefi upa 

nOCpe^CTBi CB060AHBrXB, OrpaHRTOHHHXB JTHIHB BOSpaCTOMB BU6opOBB»... 

Boo6me roBopa, kto BSAyMaeTB ocraHaBiHBaTBOH Ha HacrH0CTHXi> 

BB A^flTOJIBHOCTH StERE, TOTB BCTptTHTB MHOrO HenOHflTHarO. drHAH 

ByxHo 6paTB Bcero u;tJiHROM < B } TorAa HenocTHacsiuiH whthocth cTyme- 
BUBaroTCH, h bh bhahto nepeAB coood to, ^to fliMipi a& h cairB 3rHAH 
Ha3UBaiDTB: eine Personlichkeit. Ero 3Ha?eme ho bb t£xb ra hhhx.'b 



1131) TEPMAHIH. 7tt 

npexcTaBjreHiflX'B Cy^ymaro, ho bi HenpeRiOHHOHB, sryqeui h Honpe- 
cTaHHon> sejiaHin SToro 6yaymaro h ysaBaHiH Ha Hero. Owb cajra RaK'b 
to Bupa3HJca: «Kasoe 3Ha?eme moi\jh 6h HirircB ajm phmjdlhh'b Bet piaa 
KaiOHa 6e3T» ero ceterum censeo; RaRaa nojoasa fljia Hact otl Bctex 
iryApuxt jHOTBOBaHiH n pasoyaRAeHift 6e3i» hoctohhho noBTopaeifaro 
senOEOJie6HMaro saRJODqema: h TaRX xenepb xojskho h4hto coBepmHTB- 
ca— jetzt also muss etwas werden!..» Bb btomx muss sasjuo^eHa bch 
BaeRTpaqecKafl caaa sraflieBCROft arHTaipH. 

Kto xotb pas* 6iH3Ro orajDXHBaxofl ct> 9phae, totb buhoct* o tomb 
caiige osHnaTH^Hoe BneqautHie: coaaarB no Bnay, jpseHUBMeHB bt> 
ofipanjeHin, ofb oBoeo6pasHO RpacHoplraBi, nejunMiewb h MaroKtBt 
mtohxb OTHomemaxx... 

Ho nepenexia shshh bi coBpeMeHHoft TepHaHiE TaRi HeyMomMO 
aecTORH,— h Tpy#HO CRaaaTB, qim> enje oraneTB 8fhah am cbohx'b 

COOTeqeCTBeHHHKOB1>... 

Mh* npemjocb 6u wb 3HaqHTeiBHofi cTeneHH hobtophtb yace caa- 
3aHHoe o6b 9raAH, ecaa 6h a BS^yKajrb 3flici> noApofiHo xapaRTepH- 
30BaTB Apyryio iro6onuTBy» $Hrypy H3-B opeAH pejrariosHO-BTHqecRnx'B 
pe$opMaTopoB'B TepifariH. H pasyirfHD rioro (JoffB-raaumRaro, TaRae 
fisBmaro noiROBHHRa h ABoropoAHaro 6paia asBtcTHaro MoparacTa, 
noKOHHaro npo$eccopa bthrh h ^hioco^Ih npa fiepiancRoirB jHHBep- 
CHrert Teopra rasaijRaro. 

JEhihoctb oTCTaBHaro noiROBHHRa risanRaro ho norasyeTCfl Taaoft 
mapoROfi nonyjapHOCTLro, KaRt huh 3raA&, noTOMy hto Hs6paHHHft 
Hirb noorb oTGTaBRH poA*B AiaTeiBHOCTH h o$$Hipai[BHoe noioaceHie 
noneraTeaa yrajanvB ho ooTaBaaiDTB eify MHoro bpohohh am ny6- 
anraoft AiflTejbHOCTH. Ho bt> 6oiie rtcHUXX apyraxi HHTejurareHT- 
Haro o6mecTBa BoaROMy xopomo BHaROMa HMnoaaHraaa (J)Hrypa a 
MomHaa piqB $aHaTHqecRaro nporHBHHRa BcaqecKofi HeTepnaHocTn... 
<Hier stehe ieh! Jch Kann nicht anders Gott helfe mir! Amen! >*)... 
Ci» rhhsroS hoai» 9TH1TB CBoeo6pa8HHirB aaraaBieM'B rnsHn,EUH BH- 
CTyniu'L ro^a 2—3 TOMy Haaa^t, hbioshbi bt> Heft cboh mhcjh 
OTH0CHT6ABHO paAHRaiBHOft pe^opuu pejiHrio3HO-9TiraeoRaro BOODH- 
TaHia K)HomecTBa. ^aiBHtftniHM'B o6ocHOBaHieM'B ero B3rjra;i;oB'B as- 
jiaDTca ero jjpyria npoHSBeAOHia, a Mea^y hhmh caMoe nocjtAHee 
noA*B Ha3BaHieMi» <Yom Baume der Erkenntniss> — JK)6onMTHHfi h 
noyqaTeJiLHuft ROMneaAiyMx Mopajia a ncaxojoria, H3BieqeaHHfi H3t 
coRpoBan^HHi^b BceiiipHoft iHTepaTypn... Ho, KftKi> 0Ra3aH0, a ho 
xoqy noBTOpaTBca a noTOMy horoh^hb'b ct» rocnoAaMH nojKOBHHRaMc, 
no3BOJuo ce64 o6paTBTB Baaiiaaie qaraTeia Ha qeiOBina umowb no- 
BUiae— aa reaepaia! HaTaTeiB, BipoaTHO, AorapiBaeTCfl, ^to a roBopio 
o <reaepaj[t apuia cnaceHia», o cjiaBHOMT> reaepajt Byd (Booth). 

rojja Tpa Ha3aA*B a cno^aJicfl b*b nepBufi pas'B yBH^aTB reHe- 



JIiOTepa. 



) fl tpfbcb ctoio a He Ho^^ ^e^ e ' Bor* ira* noMoaseTB, 
pa. Jr ™ 



80 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

paja Eyca bt> DlBeiiijapiB, rat, aaEb asfitcTHo, apaia cnaceaia HMien> 
rpoMa^Hoe ihcjio npaBepjReHijeB'b a rj^b npiiaxb reHepaaa npe^oTae- 
aaerb coGsTie qpe3Bbmftaoft Basaocia. Ho h b* repaaHia ?acTo Ha- 
TaiKBBaeinBca Ha paAOBux-b n oifraijepoBb apiria cnaceaia o6oero nooia- 
Boo6me, HtrL HHKaKoro coMataia, *to h3t> cymecTByrcmax'b bt> aa- 
cxoamee Bpeaa ofimecTBi n opraaa3ai;i&, saaaBmaxca i^bro Heno- 
cpeACTBeHHot 6opb6u c-h qejioBi^ecKHMt y6oacecTBOMi> AyxoBHHirL h 
HaTepiaJibHbTM'B, he oabo ho HOsen>.cpaBHflTi»ca cl apirieit cnaceaia 
KaK^ no pa3MtpaM , L caHoro nojra fliaiejibBOCTH, Tan* h no caat Hepa- 
Haro Hfmpaaeaia h <J>aHaTH3Ma, kotopumh era fliaTeabHocTb npoHHK- 
HjTa h conpoBom^aeTca. Bt> B036yafleHia sioro $aaaTB3iia saiUHmeTCH, 
046BBAH0, TaKTH?ecKaa Tafiaa apma cnacema h ea rpoMaAHuxi ycDt- 
xobt>; b*b Bioft TaflHi HeooMHtaao Bca ea »H3HeHHaa caia, raaBaoe 
yctOBie ea cymecTBOBaaia B006nje. Ho cnpamaBaeTca, bt> newb rae 
3a&iioqaeTca 8Ta Tafiua? Txb HCToqaaK'b bto* enafleMia ajbTpyacTaqe- 
cKofi aciepia, EOToporo oAepxaaa apMia caaceHia, Ha 9 /i cocroamaa 
ji3t> caifux'b HepaBBBTUxi h Heo6pa30BaHHUxi> 9ieiceHT0Bi> HaoeieHifl? 
Kto nycsaerb bt> xoa* 8Ty cjioacayi) iianiaHy a noARepaaBaeT-b ea 
Ge30CTanoBoqHyB3 pa6oiy? Ha bth BonpocN, mokotl Cbitb. Moryrb 
AaTL otbIjtw HepBHaA naTOioria h Bpa?a no AyineBaiun* fioatoaaii'b. 
^jifl Hecnei^iaiHCTa se, am npociaro Ha6jnDAaxeia Moaerb OuTb jiamb 
oabht> OTBirb: nopa3HTeibHue ycnixn apiiia cnaceaia ofiaaaHU aai- 
hocth ea ocHOBaTGJia, ea reHepajia BeibaMa Byca. 

Hto6u noiy^HTb npeACTaBJieHie o xapaETept btoto yABBBTe*baaro 
tiejcoBtsa, Ram> Bcero Jiyqnie OTnpaBHTbca bt> co6paBie ero apaiu. 
SI BMtio npa btomx naBHEUfb o6pa30M f b Kb BH^y paA*b MaoroiDA- 

UKLX1> H TOpffieCTBeHHHX'L COfipaHifi Bl> IJropBXt, COBnaAaBllIHX'b CT> 

npa3AaoBaHieM , b 30-jnATia cymecTBOBaaia apuia caaceHia, a rA* ea re- 
nepajTb a aBropi 8BaMeaaT0ft Eaara cBt Tpymofiaxi JIoBAOHa> npo- 
hbbji'l ce6a bo Bcero 6jecKi cbobxi iiHoropasjLaiBHX'b A&poaaBift... 
Becejaa, qyTb He 3aiaxBaTcsaa Hy3BiRa BdplwaeTb Hao-b bt, 
uoMin^eHia co6paHia. MysHKauHaa aanejua apMia arpaerb Mapnra, 
iio6tAHbia ntcHH a xopajiu. aa'iero o6maro He aifbion^ie ct> aeiaaxo- 
jmqecRBM'b xapaKTepoMT) n;epROBaofi vyssKa a niaia... Bcb paAya>Tca 
a anrrjuoAHpyrorb, sara ToibKo iiysuRa ciarpajia saaofi Ha6yAb Hy- 
Mepi>; bo Bceirb aoMimeaia doarb BeBoo6pa3auuft myicb, noTOMy ito 
caiioTBCTU bi> cBoefi ROMnama caHue pasBeceJbie peOaia. HaRaRai'b 
upH3HaK0B'L HanycEHott Ha6o«HOCTH hab Jian.eifipia He saitiTarb Ha 
nepBbifl B3rjiflAi> nocTopoHHid HafottAaTeib. Bee aifteTB bea'b Eaaoro- 
to yBeceiHTeibHaro npeAapiaTia, KaKOBoe Bne^aTAtaie ycaiaBaeTca 
cme MHOxecTBOMi,, noA^acb ^ajieao He AypHsxi mojoahx^ oco6^, 
OAtTuxi. ct> o6pa3n,oBOK) onpaTBocTiio a HtcROJibRO KOEeTHHqaiom«xi> 
upacHHMH noBB3KaMH Ha njaTbi a mjanKax'L... MeacAy TtMi sai-b 
nanojiHBJica vb n3JraniR0Mi>, bt> co6paaia cwmaTca: reHepajrb! Henpa- 
Hy«AeHHoe oacaBJieaie cMiaaeToa nepTBoft Tamaaoft. Owb BcxoAHTt aa 
Tpa6yay, rpjb rm Hero a A*a ero qempexi* Bucmax'b o$Hn,epoBi> 



j 



H3B rSPMJLHIH. 81 

upHroTOBieHH KpacHuiTB cyKHOMi* y6paHMie ciyjBfl. Ha^B BepxHeft 
^acTLD tph6jhh KpaoyBTca cioBa: « Jesus erldst die Siinder!» *). He- 
HpOAOASHTeABHafl THIHHHa ClillHfleTCfl CEOBa 6ypHHirB jfiBOBaBiera 

npH noflBJiemn reHepajra; owl Ha xoay npHiuaflHBaerB #Ba naiBip 
kt» oKOjraniKy cBoeft $ypa»RH, thxo uaHaeTca h bx to ace Bpeva 
CpocaeTB HcnHTy»mift B30p*B Ha Bee co6paHie. Bee cofipame ony- 
GKaeTca Ha KOiiHH, oahhi H3t» tfEOMKnccioHepoBi* apMin npowrai- 
BaerB KopoTKy© MOMTBy, h reHepaJTB npHCTynaert Kb o64maMOMy 
pe$epaiy. 

3a 32 rofla oymecTBOBaHia apiiiH onaceHia oHa yenima oxBaTHTb 
osono noiycoTHH paBJHqHHxi> CTpaHL 9 co3Aaia oroio 4.000 KopnycoBB 
tn> 40.000 o$Hi{epoB'B, KOTopue aymoi h TtsoirB OTflaMeB ocymecTBJie- 
HiD niaHa CBOero reHepajra, HSJioseHHaro hub b* ero KHHrt ♦Dar- 
kest London*, h3b4ctho8 h pyccKHMX marvteaawb bt» nepeBOfli. 
63 OTptfAa apitiH b*b oahoitb JIoHflOHi saHHTH HCKJDwreaBHo pa6oToft 
bt> ysacHtflimxi Tpym66axi> ropojia h KasflHfi row nocimaDTB 
60.000 6e3noMonjHHXT> ceiieft. 51 <yipex^eme ob. MarflaMHH» 
AaiorL npiK)TL eaeroAHo 3.000 naAnraxB ^BymeKi, h3t» kotopeecb 
8 / 4 coBepmeHHO 0TKa3HBai>Tca orb npesHeft fiesnyraoft sh3hh. 8% 
42 JOHflOHCKHX-L ctojobhxt» ofiiaaerB eseAHOBHo 40.000 6iAaflK0Bi>; 
Vb 26 npiKvrax'B co6HpaeTCH KasayK) Hoib cbbuhg 10.000 HouesHH- 
kobt>. 27.000 ^eJOBtKi* pa6oTaere» bt» MacTepcKHXi apMin; OHa HMtCTB 
cbok) $a6pHKy h $epny, o6oraeAmiflca bx xhjuqohx pyfiaeft. 12 Apy- 

TETb npi»TOBl> JlflJDTb y6±3LKm$ TOIBKO TOO OOBoBoSAOHHEUCB H3*B 

TDpBMU npecTynHHKaifB. 

Ecjih npHHHTB wb pasc^eTB, too H3i» 7.300.000 pyfijieit, KOTopue 
apitia b-l nponuoifB ro^y napacxoAOBaia, — qfcjrax'B 7 MHJUiioHOB'B py6- 
jeft 8apa6oTaHii TpyaoirB rtx'B caMHXB jUD^efi, Ha nojiBsy soTopuxi 
HA6TB Bca 3aipaTa, to mosho nojyiHTB npe^oTaBJieHie o pa3ii4pa» 
CaaroTBopHTejLHHX'B npeflnpiflrift, npHflyiiaHHHX'B reHepaaoM'B h ooy- 
mecTMaeiiHiT» jpcaTKaHH thcotb npeAaHHUXT, eiiy o$HijepoB , B... Bb 
nacToamee Bpeita reHepaii aararB yqpe»AeHieM'B 3a 0KeaH0in> kojo- 
Hifl, bb KOToptixB Bci HeyAa^HHSH HanurH 6h ce6i pafioTy a aoboib- 
ctbo... H cHOBa aBiaeTca Bonpocx: kto jaerB sh3hb dTOHy roioc- 
<;ajrbHOMy opraHHSMy, kto no^epsHBaerB nopaAOKB fb btoS o6inHp- 
flofi cHdeMt ynpaBjeHia, kto n,apnrB Ha^B bo^hh 9thmh Maccara 

paCOTOXB H ^HHOBHHKOB'B, BHymaeTB HUB OXOTy KT> TpjJSJ H G03Ha- 

Hie o6fl3aHHOGTeS? H ohhtb cjr6#yerB totb se OTBirb: reHepan 
BycB... HpHCMOTpHMca no6jH2ce kb ero $Hryp£... Ero KpacHBaa ro- 
JOBa yKpameHa cepeCpaoTHMH, Ha 6okt» npa^eoaHHMMH BOJiocana; 
Bupa3HTeiBHuft npo^HJiB, raySoKO npoHHKann^e nasa, Rjanmaa ct- 
Aaa 6opo^a, crpoflHa* $nrypa, He cMOTpa Ha 68-jriiTHift BospacrB 
He noTepaBmaa 6oiBmoft ph6kocth, — sot bth ^epT&i npaAacrB 
HecoHHiHHHfi HHrepecB ih^hocth reHepajra. Ohb ho 6-iecTain,ift opa- 



*) iHcycb cnacaeTL rptmHHKOBt. 

H 8. Oi**n H. 



PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Top-L, cTapa&ntfftoa 9ieKTpE30BaTB cbohxi cjiymaTejiel naTeTH^e- 
cehmh npieMaMH p4aa. IlepeAi ny6jiBRoft, He roBopameft no aa- 
rjiikim, offB BceiaKH roBoparB no aaraiftcRB, ho ropotrbmb, saaoa- 
^eHHHMH nepioflaira, KOTopne Toreac* se nepeBOflaToa Ha fffaien^ifi 
23HK%. 9totb npieirb MaAeTB oco6ufi OTneiaTOEi. Ha xo#& piia a, 
last Mfli aaseTca, eme ycaiaBaerB ea BJriaaie. (kymaa Byoa, 3a- 
irircaemL saKX 6m bocb npoijeccB ero mhcih; bqahhib, RaRi> ob-b era- 
paeTca n6mm> cboh mliojh bt> cama npocraa h noaaTBBia $opnn, — 
h 3T"i"i jT)MHTej[BHOft padoTofl OH*B flOCTBraeTB TON), TTO ^ftCTByeTB 
Ha cjiymaTeiefl cb rpoMaflaoft coofi y64^HTejn»HOCTH. OffB roBoparB 
Kain, ci> TOBapanjaMn, 6631 Tona aasBflaaia, caMoyBipeaaocTB lis 
$ap&co&cTBa. Kor.ua se b*b 6e3T>acRyccTBeaao8 $opirt obt> bo- 
cHerca cbohtb aatonofleaift, cflijraaBHX'B bo BpeMa nyTemeoTBifi 
no AHcpaai, A$pHKt hie ABGTpaxiH, to ero p4?B npoaaaaeTca 
H3jamHU&rb DMopoMi. TaKi nocTeneaao poctotb Ta HesHpoiaa hhtb, 
soTopaa orB opaTopa nepeKH^BiBaeica Ha co6pame h cBaaBiBaerB ofit 

OTOpoHLl KaKHlTB-TO flyXOBBNlTB eflBBCTBOlTB. 

Bi. Teieaia pe$epara hu bh^hitb contiaiBaaro pe$opMaTopa, aa- 
GpocaBmaro noflpofiHHft maax 6opB6u cb (Hjaboctbd; mm bh^hm*b re- 
Hcpajia, KOMaHAyDn^aro rpoHa^HOft apmeft h no&nepsnBaromaro b*b Heft 
crporyjo fladjanxaay; flaaie — aflaaaacTpaTopa rpaa;tfo3Boft opraaa3a- 
ijia. iioSonHTHO ocTaHOBHTBca HicKOiBKO nojqpodaie Ha ero 3aa*ieBiB b*b 
KaiecTBfe aapojotaaro Teoiora a nponoBijpaRa. CHOBa cjmniaTca nicaa 
h mojmtbh, nocai kotophxi» Bycx aa^aaaerB cbod nponosi^B aa aa- 
KOfl He6yAB npocroft 6a6jceftcRift torctb, — Ha TeMy o6ii Iaoyo* Xpacrfc, 
EGH-bjmmmewb cjAhhxi, caaGiixx a npoKaseHHraB... «IIpe^CTaBBTe 
cefrk tli jbeo, — roBoparB BycB, — ito Owb aBjraeTca TpnepB bt» RaRoft aa- 
Gyib 6o jbinoft ropo^B. AjHaere ia bh, to> caaoft o6mapaoft sara XBa- 
thtb rrr Bcixi, sejiaromax'B aaniB BsraaayTB aa Hero?.. K*b Heiiy 
npnaocma Bcixi tejrBaux'B, cJitnEEXx, npoRaseaauxi a yMapann^axi; 
OHa upiinacajiBCB es> HeMy, Ohb aacaica ^o aaxi pynoft, a oaa acn^- 
jmjHCB... Bb JEobaoh* yicapaerB eseAaeBao 300 16job£ri>. Hpe^cTaBBTe 
cefit: 300 qeaoBiR'B norn6aerB aa o^bomi aaROiTB aa6y^B irtort, Bcit^- 
dBie HecqacTaaro cjyiaa bjib jjaaaMBTaaro B3pHBa, — RaRoe qpe3BH^aft- 
aoe Bne^axjiiBie npoa3BeAeTB TaRofl $aRTi» bo bcomi ropo^i a jipme bo 
Bcean. nipt! t4xi> se 300 ^eJiOBiR'B, Roropne pa3ciaaao yaapaBTB 
bx Joh3,oh4 RasAuft ^eaB, bbrto a ae BcnoiiaarB. Boo6pa3aTe eefit: 
nxi^ nr'j'.xT, BesyrB Kb otfaTejia Iacyca XpacTa, Ob'b npaaacaeToa r*b 
hiimt> u mqbmQTb utl. He 6y^erB la Bne^arafeaie 8Toro $aRta eme 
rpaH f iioiaie! Kto Mon 6h nocii btojx) eme coMaiBaTBca hjib iie^* 

flHTB UOGBflTBTB BCD CBOD SB3BB iBCycy, ROTOpuft 6oske BCeiH) IK)- 

Onji, cTpasflymaxx! B4^b ecia pejiaria xopoma a hm 6oraTHX«B, ro- 
Topne bb faarojriuiBHX'B xpaMaxx aiyrB cBoero Bora, to pejraria, 
idOobb k'b XpacTy a ii)6obb r'b 6aasaeMy— ae cymecTBy»rB ia 
oni npeay^e Boero #** 6^marb a yraeTeaanxx, ROTopne B0o6me-T0 
HHnero ^pyroro ae bm*k>tb bt> sa3aa?..> 



Hffb TEPHAHIH. 83 

H npHB6jn> Ha^aio nponoBi^H Byca, tto6h noKasaTB, Ha saKovB 
npocTOMt h achobtl fl3KK* cTapaeTca roBOpHTB rercepairB CI CBOefi 
apidefi, KOTopaa, Kara a y»e ynoraHara, Ha 9 /io coctohtb h3t> ca- 
Haro HepasBHTaro M>fla. B*b TaROHi toh* njsfiTb h xaxBHiftmaa npo- 
noBiABj 6e3i> floraaTMecKHra h TeoiorH^ecRHXi yxzmpemS, 6e3t 
$HJ0C0(J)CKHn» pa3rjaroJLCTB0Bamfi. H3t Bcero xpHoriaHCKaro yqeHia 

TOHepaJTB H8Bflera IHIIIB OCHOBHOe 36pH0: JDOfiOBB KB 6JEHSH6H7, — H 

ery j»6obb ojumerBopmB b*b aunjli XpHCTa ct» ero jtoCobbd ra 0603^0- 
agbbhut,. XpH(rro(rB *i>6htb rptniHEKOBt, mh j©6hmt> XpHCTa, ergo: 
met jdd6hmt> rpinrnHKOBi!.. 9to bx abjyb caoBara bob yrome apma 
cnacema... 3to— BOSBpan^eme ra nepBo6irrHOHy xpnoTiaHCTBy h OBaH- 
rejiH^ecKOMy yqem» o npaErarcecKoft jddSbh ra 6jDrsHeuy, aojraceH- 
CTByromeft hokophtb idp*. 

Bb TeqesiH (kuttmeft iioiobhhh nponoBtflH Bee nuo Kara cii- 
AyerB. Ho noffB KOHeifB Ha^aiocB tto-to Hejra^Hoe; HaqaiocB to no- 
BtimeHHoe HepBHoe Hanpaaeme, KOTopoe KOMaerca ofipamemaMH i 
npeBpameHiffMH. Ob OREEWb H3B toxoii Ha^HHaDTca Tama cyfloporn, 
*rro ero Heo6xoflHMO BBraeoTH ira* co6pama, apyrie BnaflarorB bx 
crpanraua KomyjiBciH, ojsjswb h3*b o^aijepora HaiiraaeTB npuraTB 
no Tpn6yHi h KpirorrB Tara rpovKO, ^ro reHepara npHSusaeTB ero 
kb nopaflKy... Bo Bcixi sthxb cjyiaax'B 0Ka3HBaeTca HeotfiiKHOBeH- 
Has Monp. reHepaaa, cnocofiHaro Ha ototb naccoBOft rHOHosB... He- 
pe^i -unjoin Boero cofipama HtoKOJBKo bhobb o6pameHmax* hobb- 
AflDTOfl Ha TpH6ynfc, bte> crpamHoirB HanpaaceHiH npnaHaDTca bb 
cbohxt> rpixara h KiflHyrca ot^tb oefia booi^&jco jtfury joo6bh kb 
6jHXHeMy... 

<TenepB a c^acTJffirab — BSHBaerB reHepara ob Tprfynii. Pas- 
AaeTca rpoMKoe aurayia, bc4 apyrB jjpyry paaocTHO omotphtb bi> 
raasa, aiiyrB apyr-B jjpyry pyra h hobtophdtb cjroBa reHepaia: «Te- 
nepB a ciaoTJrHB'B, Tenept a cqacTima!..* 

Kanaa-TO evbcB TanHOTBeHHofi npaBAu ct» iosbd juu^evbpia a 
myioBCTBa ooTaeioa, Kara oca^oKB, on> BneqaurtHla Bcero BH^HHaro 
x ojramaHHaro. Ho pa^om> cb btbitl aojctoo BpeHa ae Moaenrt GTpax- 
HyrB cb ce6a HenooTHsamift o6pasB HenooTHSHicaro KyAecHHsa-reHe- 
paia... 



<An alle Hungernden und Frierenden und Arbeitslosen...>, t. e. 
ko BciifB rojoflaromHin,, Mep3HynpofB h rameHHBorB pa6om 6iuh 
ofipameHM paoKJieeHHBUt no ropoAy a$Hma, bb KOTOpiai KaH^a^arL 
TeojoriH TeojiopB ^OFB-BexTepi nparjamaiB kb oe6i Ha co<5pame. 

^HTaTOJtB, M0S6TB 6UTB, B*B HpeTeH3ia Ha MOHH, HTO H OTO TO H A&IO 

Boacy no co6paHiairB. Ho Mory ero yB^pHTB: €sh3hb co6paai&», hjh — 
KaK*B 9to HaauBaeTca no-fffeMeniKH — Versammlungswesen, — eairaa jqd6o- 
HHTHaa CTopoHi bb »h3hb TaKoro ropo^a, KaKB Bepiam. Kb Toxy se 
a Bosy ^HTaTeia no co6pamaMB caauxi* yBaacaeMtiiB h nonyjap- 

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v ;V - KaKb Bupasaeroa BexTepi. 

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AfiCTpia, no Bcefi bIpohthocth, b'l 6juusafiniee yse Bpena otiora- 

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B3B ABCTPIH. 87 

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Bb A^flCTBHTeJBHOCTH Eoceia H TepAerOBBHa BaHBMaDTB aobojlho 

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npHHa^esaBmift paHwne Typnjn Rpafl. Ob 3Toft iv&jih> aBCTpiflcaoe 
npaBHTCJEbCTBO corjiacHJOCb ero BpeMenno oRRynnpoBaTB h npBMTB 
^ bb ynpaBJieiiie. O^Haso, Tasi aa&B 6epjHHcaifl TpasTaTi hb oah- 
nuwh cjobomb He o(>mojibhjch o cpoai 3T0fi <BpeMeHHO&> oasynai^iH, 
to ABCTpia de facto cTaia nojHoft xoaaftRoft bb oK&ynnpoBaHHimb 
npoBBHuiaxi Ha BiiHUfl BpeareHa. TenepB HHaoMy b bb rojiosy He 
hphxoahtb HHCJb o BOBBpamemn Bocnin h TepiieroBHHH TypuiH. 
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njaro rocy^apcTBa OcaiaHOBB, He MoserB 6htb h pfrra o BosBpame- 
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nMieTX cbjb ynpaBBTbca na cb apMfraaMH, hb cb MaaeAOHijaMB, 

HB CB KpHTAHaUB, HH CB APysaMH, HB CB apafiaMB. 

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HMnepiH, BBymeptfB IJacaefiTaHiH. 

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HHBOBB-npaBOCJaBHUXB. BOCHBKH BaTOJIBBB OXO T HO HaBIIBaDTB Ce6fl 

xopBaTaMB, 6ocHaBB npaB0CJiaBHEie-cep6aMH, n bb btoiib cjiy^ai 
Han,ioHaj[LHBifi BonpocB pa3pimaeTca eme aobojbho yAa<rao. Ho a^ao 
bb tomb, ito bb BocHiQ B Tepi^eroBHH^, EpOM* BaTOJTBHeCBarO B 
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88 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

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ae cep6cso-xopBaTCKOM , B asoRfc, ROTopufi ynoTpefaaeTca Haceiemejrb 
CjaBOHia, BoeBOAHHH, CeptiiH, lepHoropin h XopBaTin. 

BocHfln.sie MaiweTaHe Hrparorb b*b spat onera BjiaTeJbHyio poib. 

He TOJBRO HO CBOefi MHOrOHHCJieHHOCTH, HO H Bfc CHJiy CBOefi 3aSH- 

totoocth. Me»Ay npoiaira, bc& 6ocHan,Rie h repijeroBHHCRie noirfc- 
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h HanpaBjeHo, rjaBHUM-L o6pa30M r &, B03A*fiCTBie noMTHqecRHxi* arn- 
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CTopoHHHROBX, npnqeirB ycepAie H oahhxb, h jpyrHxi) AocTHraeTt 
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tobi. He HOAAepauiBaA hh Tix*, hh Apyrnxi, aBCTpiftcRoe npaBH< 
TeJBCTBO npfl64rjo vb cjrfcAy»mefi yioBRfc. Oho ciHTaera Haceaeme 
Bocnia h repn,eroBHHU oco6hmt» 6ocraijRHir& HapoAOMi, npnqein. 
bo bc&xb npaBHTeJBCTBOHHux'B pacnopaaemaxi H3hki, KOToptift ynoT* 
pefijcaerB HaceieHie, Ha3HBaeTca hih 6ochhi^khh , b, hjh nonpociy 
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hlixi, AORyMeHTOBT» bi> Rpat. JIaTHHHn,eft se neqaTa©Tca Tpn m4ct- 
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HaHSAanie, BuxoAamee bt. cep6cKOMt RopojeBCTBh, ho h Ha raseTS 
aBCTpoBenrepcRHX'B cep6oBi>: HOBocaACRia h 3arpe6cRy». 

A*fl Abctpih xopsaTU ropa3AO MeHbine onacHH, qiMt cep6s. Jle- 
jiaHnaa xopBaTCRHMH naTpioTaMH Me?Ta o BeiHROfi XopsaTia, Bort 
BHaeTx, RorAa eme ocymecTBHTca, MesAy t^mt* Rasx Cep6ia yxe 
bi HacToan^ee Bpeiia cocTonit HesaBHCHMiurB rocyAapCTBoaix, roto- 
poe, b'b csyqai RaKHxt Ho6yAb saM^inaTejiBCTB'B Ha BaiRaHCROMi 
nojyocTpoBi, MoaeTt BaciaTb b*b ORRynapoBaHHua npoBHHO,iH Hi- 
CROjibRO AecaTROBi thchto BoflcRa, koto pa ro y XOpBaTOBB BCOTaRK 



H3T> ABCTPIH. 89 

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H31> ABCTPIH. 91 

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H8t ABCTPIH. 99 

nia, nasi saseTCA c& nepBaro Bsraaaa. B* name Bpena, bi> cym- 
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6»poRpaTiefl, saHAapMepieS, boAcrom'b at. k. 

Me^AT tAmi apyroe o6mecTBO Society of Jevs nponaraHAHpyeTi 
H^eK) eBpeficRaro rocyAapcTBa bc^mh ,3;ocTynHUMH ^jls. Hero cnoco- 
6aMH. Oho ydj&evh cnei^iajiBHiie opraHu, 6pomK>pn y khbfh, pa3B%- 
niHBaeT'B h pacRjeHBaeTi noBcro^y cooTBiTCTByronua o6i>ABjieH]fl > 
ycTpaHBaeT-B mhthhfh h ROH^epeHi^iH h, pasyiiieTCJi, Ao6aBaeTca 
CBoero. Tepi^jiB pasc^HTHBaeT'B Ha nouepssy He tojbro co ctopohh 
caMax'B eBpeeBi, ho h co ctopohh... aHTHceHHTOB'B, aoTopue, sejiax, 

BO TTO 6U TO HH CTaJTO, H36aBHTBCA 0T*B eBpeeBt, A013RHH COAM- 

CTBOBaTB o6oHii r B eBpefieknii 1 ^ oSmecTBaMt. 

HeH3BicTH0 tojtbro^ -^ 6ywn> Hax.oji,ETBCfl 9to 6y*ymee eBpefi- 
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JHbbob£, CiaHHCjraBOBi, nepeMmnii h Kojomh*, oAHaRO ohh 
Moryrb pasciHTHBaTB Ha notify eABa AByxt — bi RpaROBCRom h 
| t > jbBOBCROMi — Aa H to npn OHCHB yCHJieHHOfi arHTaijiH. 

CoBepmeHHo Hnnero He cjujoiho o noAroTOBieHuurb r** Bufopaut 
cawofl mojioaoS hs 1 * rajiHUKHX'B napTifl, Taai Has. cioHHCTCRoft, t. e. 
HauioHaJibHO-eBpeflcKofl. Bi» nponuEOMi roAy, bo Bpeiw bh6opob% b* 
ceflM-L ohh roTOBBJiecB BCTynHTb Bi HsfapaTeibHyro (Jopbtfy, HO 8a- 
t4mi» otjiosbjh 8T0 ao 6ojte CiraronpiHTHott MenyTH. Tenepb &aRi> 
pa^ nacTynaeTi Tasoe MrHOBeHbe, Kor&a ri HsGHpaTejBHiiM'B yp- 
Haifb nflTOfi sypin npH3UBaDTca eBpefiCRia Maccu, ho (johhctu, no- 
BHAHMOMy, noTepflJiH BCflsyi) Ha^exAy aa RaRofi-rafiy^b ycnixt. 
|f' ^ JQm'B Aaxe npniniocb saspuTb oprani, npeAHa8HawB0iiic& ax* eB- 

$£, pettcRHxt Macci> h H3AaBaBiniflcji Ha aRapronfe. Hxt MHoroucxeHHy* 

( .;',. . npOBHHijiaJibHHH o6n^ecTBa exe AHinaTi, a hx* co6paHis cnoTeiia* 

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*, ;>'■ A6HT0BI H rHMHaSHCTOB'B, npnHysAeffb yO/ra&A&TbCJI BC4RHMH He- 

^'. c6utoihhmh $&BTasiiiHH, npeA-iaraeMnMH hm*l pasxHUiutfl yronHCTaMH 

* b*b poA* repijxa. 

TaR'b, HeAaBHo noaBHJiacB MaxeHBRaa 6ponnopRa repijja, ROTopaa 

, ; BusBajia o?6HL npocTpaHHyx) noxeMaay He TOJibRo wb aBCTpificRHX**, 

; Hoiiffb repMaHCKHxi h Aase anrxiScRHXi ra3eTaxT>. PeRiaiia, ro- 

y' Topaa 6aja nymena b*b xoa'b saAOiro ao noaBjema 3Toft <5po- 

r . uiopRH, CA&xaxa CBoe a*xo. RHHseHRi, HanacaHHoi ao- 

r,.. boibho 6e3TOJ[ROBo, 6e3t 3HaHifl A^xa, neiaTajncb rpoMRAHua 

CTaTBH, HOlHHfl BOCTOpatCHHHXX ROMHAHMeHTOBl HO aApeCy «1 

aBTopa h t. a* TaROft myMi o6xaceaeTCii t^mi, hto aBTopi 0po- 

raiopH — HBB*CTHHfi ^^JBeTOHHCTi <Neue freie Presse». 

4 Ero 6pom»pa myMHO osarjiaBJieHa <EBpeficRoe rocyAapcTBO. 

Ohut'b pa8ptineHia eBpeScRaro Bonpoca». Tepi^JB, Wb Ra^ecTBt hobo- 

*- 1 ' o6pameHHaro cionncTa, BOCTopaeHHHS nofiopHHRi eBpeficRoft Han.io- 

naJibHofl HAea. PacnpoOTpaHHBrancB bx nepBOfi hojobhh4 rhhsrk 

o bc4xi, ao CBxt nopi npeAJaraBfflBxca cnoco(Jax , b pitneeia BToro 

ciosHaro h Kpaflee sanyTaHHaro Bonpoca, repn,Jb nepexoAHTi Et 

: \ HSJOseHii) co6cTBeHHaro njiaHa. Ho ero mh4huo, eBpeficRii Bonpocb 

; 6yAeTB pa3piineHTE» tojbro TorAa, Kor^a eBpen oqyrflTCA b*b 

i CBoeifB co6cTBeHHOM , B HesaBHCHMOM'B rocyAapcTB*. IIoRa ohh pas- 

; ' ciaHU cpeAH HHODieneHHHROB , b, ohh BcerAa 6yAyT% HrpaTb poas 

< yrHeTaeMbixt h tohhmijxi; ho pasi eBpen nojiyqaTi bosmoshoctb 

caMH BepmHTb cbo© cyAB6y h ycTpaHBaT&ca conacHO cb AyxoMi 

CBOeft B^ROBOS RyjbTypU, OHH BOSpOAHTCH, H CI HHMH Bet ^ySO- 

r 3enmi cTaHyxt c^HTaTbca, KaRi cl paBHHMH. Bee a^io b*b tomt>, 

(; * iTotifii ao6htbch ocHOBamH co6cTBeHHaro rocyAapcTBa. 

Qo MHiHiro repu,ja, eBpefiCRoe rocyAapcTBO BOBce He TaRaa yTO- 



H3T» ABCTPIH. 99 

nia, sasi saseTCA ci nepBaro BsrjiaAa. B'B Haiue BpeMA, bi> cym- 
fiocTB, nivb yse HH^ero HeBOSMOSHaro. Mh bhahm'b, sasi to, hto 
enje 20—30 jfrrb tomj tfasa^i sasaaocB coBepmeirao Hec6HT0HHHMt, 
xenepB HHKoro yase h ho yAHBjiieTi. ^ocTaTOHHO y&asaTb na sojkoc- • 
cajbHHfi nporpeccB b*b ofaacTH TexHH^ecBHZ'B 3HaHifl. 

Tepi^JiB noieity-TO cmTaera AHi\ai» caMofi noAXOAamefi CTpanoS 
AM nepBHXi» maroBt no nyTH k*b ocymecTBaenii) ero naaHa. Cit- 
AyerB npes^e Bcero ochobbtb ABa o6mecTBa: «EBpeficsyK) KOHnaHiH)» 
(Jevish Company) h «06mecTBo EBpeeBi* (Society of Jevs). 3a^a^a 

«EBpeflCBOft KOHnaHim COCTOHrB B'b TOMl, YT06h JBBBBAHpOBaTB 

sasii hosho CKopie no Bcfcx«B CTpaHax-b Mipa jx* xbjia, h npejinpi- 
axia, bi» ROTopuxi, npuHHMa»Ti, yqacTie eBpea. UapaxiejBHo cb 3Thm*b 
cEBpeficsafl BOHnaHiA> HaqBHaera MaccaHH nepecejuiTB espeeB'B 1 
Ha Ty TeppBTopi», r^t coBpeneHeifB hobbhtca HesaBHCBMoe eBpeft- 
csoe rocyaapcTBo. cEBpeficsofi soMnamH* CTaHyn noaioraTB bc& cy- 
mecTBy»mia bt> Espoirk doHHCTcsia o6mecTBa. IlepBue nepecejemiu 
6yjs.yTi> nafopaTBca hb-b caMHX*B 6tAHtixi (npeaMymecTBeHHO pyc- 
ckbxt. h rajiHi^ificRHX'B) eBpeeB'B, soTopue npnuyTca sa noAroTOBH- 
TejiBHyi) qepnyK) pa6oTy. DpibxaB'B bi> hobhA spall, 9th npojieTapin 
Ha^HyrB OHBiijaTb seMjK) otx j4cob , b, ocyuiaTB CojOTa/nposaa- 
AiraaTB Aoporn, ctpobtb mocth h auumw,*. Tojb&o Toraa, KOFjca Bee 
8T0 6jjifiTb osoMeHO, noflBHTGB Gypayasia h Boo6me CoraTHft 
Kjacc* eBpeeB'B. Bee bto noaBHTca He sasi deus ex machina, a b'b 

CHiy dSOHOBfH^eCSBX'B SaSOHOBl. ^M TOrO, TF06h y^OBJieTBOpflTB 

9jesieHTapHua noTpefinocTH nepBtix'B nepecejieHn;eB'B-pa6oHHX'B, b«b 
HOBufl spall HaxjHHyTB MejrKie ToproBijH h peMecjeHHHEH. 3aTfeMb 
bi spaft Ha^HyTi, cBfcssaTBca aABosara, HOTapiycu, Jiisapa, y^n,- 
nejui n t. Am noTOMy tto Bee pasBHBanintaaca asH3HB pa6o?eft 
kojohIh noTpe6yeTT> Maccy HHTe.UHreHTHHX'B cejlt>. HHTeJurHreHijia. co 

CBOHMH H0Tpe6H0CTflMB Bl BOM^OpT^ 6yAeT*B CnOCOtiCTBOBaTB B03HHKH0- 

BeHiro 6ojbfflHXx Mara3DH0B r b, 4>a6pHS*B, saBOAOBi h t. a* Bb kohu* 
KOHUoBt, TaMT), ta% BHa^ajit 6imo tojibso HicKOJbKo cotohi patio- 
qaro Hacejemfl, noflBjaeTca eacToamee, coBpeMeHHoe MaccoBoe ro- 
cyAapcTBo cb apHCTospaTiefi, 6ypatya3iefi, specTBaHeTBOui, pa6oqBMH, 
6»poBpaTiefi, xaHAapiiepieft, 609050811 h t. a- 

Mej&Ay vbwb Apyroe o6mecTBO Society of Jevs nponaraHAnpyerB 
HAei) eBpeftcsaro rocy^apcTBa bc^mh AOCTynHUMH a^a Hero cnoco- 
6aaiH. Oho QSAaeTi cneuiajbHue opraHu, 6pomK>pii, SHnrn, pa3B%- 
mBBaeTT, h pacajeBBaeTt noBCDAy cooTBiTCTByronufl o6*BBBjieHifl > 
ycTpanBaeT'B MHTHHrn h BOH(t)epeHi^iH h, paayMieica, Ao6HBaeTca 
CBoero. TepipB pascHHtSBaeT'B Ha noAAepssy He tojbso co ctopohh 
caMBXi. eBpeeBi, ho b co cTopoHH...aHTHCeHHTOB r B, EOTopue, aseiaji, 

BO HTO 6u TO HB CTaJO, H36aBHTbCa OTTfe eBpeeBl, AOJIBtHH COA*fl- 

. CTBOBaTB o6ohm-b eBpefic^ggt oSmecTBaMi*. 

HeB3B4cTH0 tojibso, -$ 6yAOTT> Baxojv»TBCft9To 6yAymeeeBpefi- 
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bx-l KaH^HAaroBX Bt mth HBfapaTeJbHHX'b oapyraxv. b-l KpaaoBi, 
JIbBOBi, CTaHBCjaBosi, HepeMumji h Kojomh*, OAHaso ohh 
MoryT'B pa8CHHTUBaTB Ha no6&Ay eABa AByx% — b*b KpaaoBCROMT> h 
jbBOBCEOM'B — a& h to npn oieHt ycHjeHHofi arnTaaiH. 
' CofiepmeHHo naqero He ciuhiho o noAroTOBaeniax'b vb BufopaM* 
caMofl mojioaoA hb* rajHi^KHxt naprifi, neuvb Has. cIohhctcroB, t. e. 
HauioHa^bHO-eBpeflcKofl. B* nponuoM'B roAy, bo BpeMa Butiopora bt. 
p' oeflafB ohh roTOBHJiHCb BCTynHTb bi Hs6HpaTejibHyK> 6opb6y, HO 8a- 

£ ' t4m"B ot.ioxh.ih bto ao 6ojiie 6jraronpiaTHofl MHHyra. Tenepb aa&* 

?;'; pas* HacTynaeTi Tasoe MrHOBeHie, Kor^a Kb HsCHpaTejibHiurB yp- 

^'; 4 • BaMl HHTOft KypiH HpH3HBai)TCa CBpefiCKifi MaCCS, HO dOHHCTU, DO- 

| * BHAHMOMy, noTepflJH Bcasyio Ha^esAy Ha &aKot-Hn6y^b yenix*. 

| ; \ Hm* Aase npnnuiocb saspiiTB oprani, npeAHaBHaiaBmiftca a*h es- 

St, pettewx-b Maccb h H3AaBaBmiflca Ha aapronh. Hxi MHorosHCJWHHya 

^- HpOBHHuiaJibHUfl oSnjecTBa eje Asmara, a hx* co6paHia racreMa- 

&!-- TaqecKH pasfoBaDTCfl opraHHsoBaHHUMH eBpeftcBHMH ke pa6oiHMB. 
Bci Ha^eiBAH Ha yenfen. cpeAH Mace* y cIohhctobi Majo no Majiy 

^ BCiesanTi, h *nx"B naBHtifi mTatft, cocToamifl H8* HAeojioroBt-CTy- 

K ' ACHTOB* H THMHaSHCTOB^ HpHHyXAeffib yCJfaXA&TbCH BCaKHMH He- 

v c6htohhhmh (J>aBTa3iaMH, npeAJiaraeksMH hmi pas jhhhhmh yTonncTaMe 

*■* 8* poA* repwfl. 

Taa*, HeAaBHO noHBHjac* MajeHBsaa 6pomK>pKa repiyia, KOTopaa 

:. BuaBaJia otohb npocTpaHHyi) nojeMBEy He tojilko b-l aBCTpificKHX*b, 

' ho h b* repHaHCKHX'b h Aase aHrjriflcMx* raseTax*. PeuaMa, so- 

] ' Topaa 6tua nymena b*b xoa* saAOjro ao noflBJiema 3toS 6po- 

£; uiDpKH, CA^Jaja CBoe a*JK>. RHHsewfc, HanncaHHoft ao- 

y t:r - bojbho 663TOJLKOBO, 663% 3Hama A^^a, neqaTajBCb rpoMaAHiui 

cTaTbH, nojHHa BOCTopaBOHHux* KOMHiHMeHTOBi no ajpecy ea 

i aBTopa h t. a- Tasofl HiyM«B ofrbflCHaeicic TiMt, hto aBTopt 6po- 

niiopH — H8B*CTHufl (JjejiBeTOHHCTt «Neue freie Presses. 

9 Ero fipomropa myMno osarjaBjeHa cEBpeficsoe roeyAapcTBO. 

Ohuti pa8p£ineHifl eBpeflcaaro Bonpoca*. rep^B, b*b sa^ecTBt hobo- 

»' ' * o6pam;eHHaro cionncTa, BOCTopaeHHufl ho6ophhr , b eBpeficaoft Han,io- 

HaJbHofl HAen. PacnpooTpaHHBmHCB bte, nepBofl hojiobhh* shhskh 

o Bcixi, ao cbxi nop* npeAJaraBinexca cnoco6ax* piineHifl BToro 

cjosHaro h Kpaftee sanyTaHHaro Bonpoca, repn;jb nepexoAHT* k*b 

? HSjoaem© co6cTBeHHaro njaHa. Ho ero MHiHiro, eBpeficRifi Bonpoc* 

; 6yAeTb pa3piineei> TOJibso TorAa, sorAa eBpen o^yTHTca b* 

i CBoeMi> co6cTBeBHOJTL HeaaBHCHMOM* rocyAapcTBi. Iloita ohh paa- 

cShhh cpeAH HHonjeMeHHHEOB'B, ohh BcerAa CyAyT* nrpaTb poab 

yrHeTaeMuxt n tohhmejx'b; ho past eBpen nojiywrt bo3MOshocti» 

caMH BepniHTb cbod cyAB6y h ycTpaeBaTbca corjiacHO Cb AyxoHt 

CBoeft BiaoBofl syjiBTypu, ohh bospoahtch, h cb hhmh Bci nyse- 

aeimu cTaHyT* cinTaTbca, saa* cb paBHHMH. Bee A^Jto b* tom*, 

4 qTo6n ao6htbch ocHOBaHia co6cTB6HHaro rocyAapcTBa. 

Qo MHiHiro repu,M, eBpeflcaoe roeyAapcTBO BOBce He Tasaa yro- 



H3I> ABCTPIH. 99 

nia, KaKt saseTCA cb nepBaro BsrjiaAa. B& Haine BpeMB, wb cym- 
fiocTB, Hfrrb yae HH^ero HeB03Momnaro. Mh bhabm'b, khri to, hto 
enje 20—30 jiTt TOHy tfasa^i sasajocB coBepmeHHO Hec6HT0HHUtf%, 
xenepB HHKoro yse h ho yAHBjaeTi. ^octbtohho ysasaTB na ko-koc- « 
cajbHufl nporpecci b*b o6jiacTH TexHH^ecBHZ'B 3saBifi. 

TepitfB noieMy-yo cqnTaerB AwJiii) caMofi noAxoAamefi CTpaHoS 
AM nepBHX'B maroB'B no nyTH kx ocynjecTBaemro ero mam Git- 
AyerB npe»Ae Bcero ochobbtb ABa o6m,ecTBa: «EBpeficsyK) KOHnaHiH)» 
(Jevish Company) h «06mecTBo EBpeeB^i (Society of Jevs). 3aAaia 
«EBpeucKofl BOMnamn* coctoht*b b»b tomi>, hto6h jhsbbahpobbtb 
sasii hosho CKopie no Bcfcx* cTpaHax-B Mipa xb xbm h npeAnpi- 
BTiB, b«b KOTopux'B npHHHMawTi ynacTie eBpen. IlapaxiejBHo cb stqm'b 
<EBpeficBaa KOMnaHia> HaiHHaeTi Maccaun nepeceJWTB eBpeeB-B* 
Ha ty TeppoTopiK), r^t coBpeneHeMi bobbhtca nesaBHCHMoe eBpeft- 
CKoe rocyAapcTBo. «EBpeficBo8 ROMnamH* CTaHyn noMoraTB bc& cy- 
mecTByromia m> Eepoirk doHHCTCRia o6mecTBa. IlepBtie nepecejemiB 
(yAyrt HatfapaTBca B3t caMHX'B 64 ( 3,hhxx (npeBMymecTBeBHO pyc- 
ckbxt. h rajiBi^ificKBXTb) eBpeeB*, BOTopue npnuyTca sa noAroTOBH- 
TcaBHyro ^epnyK) pa6oTy. DpibxaB'B b*b hobhA spafi, 9tb npojieTapin 
HaqHyrt onnmaTB seMjK) otx jicoB-B, ocyuiaTB (faiOTa/npoKja- 

AUBaTB AOpOrB, CTpOBTB MOCTH H SHJIH^a. TojbKO TorAa, KOF^a BC6 

8to 6yAeTi, 0B0HH6H0, noflBHTCfl 6yp»ya3ia h Boo6m,e CoraTHft 
BjaccB eBpeeB-B. Bee bto noaBHTca He Basi deus ex machina, a bi> 

CEXJ dKOHOMHHeCBBX'B SaBOHOBl. J^Jfl TOW, ?T06n yAOBJeTBOpaTB 

9jeMeHTapHtia noTpefinocTH nepBtixi nepecejieHn;eB , B-pa6oHBX'B, b«b 
HOBufl Kpafl HaxjiHHyrB MeJKie ToproBijn b peMeaieBBBKB. SarhMt 
bi spaft HaHHyTi cBfcssaTBca aABOBara, HOTapiycu, jrimapa, yq&- 
Tejui b t. a-, noTony yto Bee pasBHBaromaaca »B3HB pa6oieft 
KOJOBiB noTpe6yen> Maccy BHTejUHreHTHiix'B chjtb. HHTeJMHreHijia. co 

CBOBMH n0Tpe6H0CTBMB Bl KOM^OpT^ 6yA6T'B CUOCO(5CTBOBaTB B03BBKHO- 

BeBiro 6ojiBmHX f B MarasBHOBi, 4> a ^P HK,I> » saBOAOBi h t. a* B*b bohu& 
kobuob-l, TaMi, ta£ BBa^ajii 6uio tojibbo b4ckoji>ko coTeH'B pa6o- 
qaro Hacejieaia, noflBjBeTCA Bacroani;ee 9 coBpeaceBBoe Maccosoe ro- 
cyAapcTBo cb apHcrospaTied, 6ypatya3iefl, KpecTBaBCTBOWB, pa6oqBMH, 
6»pogpaTiefi, saHAapsiepiefl, boQckom'b h t. a- 

Me^Ay t4m , b Apyroe ofimecTBO Society of Jevs nponaraHAnpyerB 
HAeD eBpeficxaro rocy^apcTBa BciMB AOCTynHEJMH AJa Hero cnoco- 
6aMB. Obo 93AaeTi cnen,iajBHiie opraau, 6poraropH, KBBra, pa3B%- 
mHBaerB h pacBjeHBaeTi noBCDAy cooTBiTCTByronua o6*BBBjieHifl > 
ycTpaHBaeT-B MHTHBrn h BOH^epeHi^iH e, pasyifbeTCfl, Ao6nBaeo\^ 
CBoero. TepipB pasciHTHBaeT'B Ha noAAepsBy He tojbbo co ctopohh 
caMaxt eBpeeB'B, ho h co CTopoBu...aBTBceMHTOBi>, EOTopue, aeiaa, 

BO 1TO 6u TO HB CTBJO, B36aBBTBCB OTTb CBpeeBl, AOJ2BHH COA*fl" 

, €TBOBaTB o6oEWb eBpefic^ jcT> o6mecTBaMT>. 

HeasBicTHo tojibbo, r *^ 6yR6T^ saxo a^tbcji 3to 6yAy^^ee eBpefi- 
CKoe rocyAapcTBo. Tep^ fT o^ ftrae,t,! »> TE0 Ba H * CROjn,KO «h^J ! ^ohob'b 






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5£ '•- 98 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

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^ v . bx-l KaHAHAaroBi b"b hhth H86HpaTeJbHux«B oEpyraxt: bi KpaxoBi, 

'•• ' JlBBOBi, CTaHHCJiaBOBi, OepeMunui h Kojiomh*, OAHaRO ohh 

p~- MoryT-B pa8CHHTUBaTB Ha no6&Ay eABa AByx% — wl RpaROBCRoro b 

;,V jbBOBCKOM'B — ja h to npH oqeHB ycHJOHHofl ariTaijiH. 

,y ^ • CofiepmeHHo naqero He cjhihho o noAro-roBaeHiaxB ki BH6opair& 

r» caHOfi mojioaoA bbi rajHi^BHX'B naprift, Tasi» Has. ciOHHCTCROil, t. e. 

' ' HanioHaJibHO-eBpeflcRofl. Bi> nponuoM-B roAy, bo Bpeiia BHtfopoBi b*b 

v oefiMt ohh roTOBBJiHCb BCTynHTb bi HsfapaTejiBHyi) 6opt6y, ho sa- 

;. * t4m*b ot.ioxh.ih bto ao 6oji4e 6jraronpiaTHofl MHHyTH. Tenepb KaR-b 

- pas* HacTynaeTi TaRoe MrHOBeHBe, Ror^a rb HsGnpaTejBHHM'B yp- 

Bairb naTOft Rypin npH3UBax>Tea eBpe&CRia Maces, ho cioHHcra, no- 

; . BHAHMOMy, noTepflJH BCflRyio HaAeaAy na aaRoi-HHtiyjfB yonfext. 

; ; - Ewb Aase hphhuiocb saRpaTB opraH*, npeAH&BHawBiniica axh es- 

^ peftcRHxi Maccb h H3^aBaBiniflcH Ha ataprofffc. Hxb MHoro*HCieHHya 

... .. npoBHHAiavibHUfl otfnjecTBa eje Asmara, a hx'b co6paHia racTeMa* 

r" THiecRH pa36uBaK>Tca opraHHsOBaHHUMH eBpeftcRHMH ke paSoiHMB. 

Bci Ha^esAH Ha ycnixi cpejn uacci y cIohhctobi iiajo no uajy 

■ ; v BCiesaDTB, h *nx"B rjaBHufi mTafe, cocToamift hsi HAeoJOroBi-cry- 

; v achtob-b h rHMHasHCTOBi, npHHyxAeH* yciaaRAaTbca bcarhmh ho- 

c6htohhhmh (J>aBTa3iaMH, npeAJiaraeksMH hm-l pas jhhhhma yTonncTaMH 

T b*b poa* repiufl. 

Tekx, HeAaBHO noaBHjacb uajieHBRaa 6pom©pRa repiyia, BOTopaa 

M BH3Baia o^ohb npocTpaHHyD noaeiiHRy He tojibro b*b aBCTpificRHX«B, 

ho h vb repHaHCRHX'B h Aase aHrjificRHX'B rasoTaxi. PeRJEana, so- 

Topaa 6ujia nymena b*b xoa* saAoaro ao noaBjieHia 3toS 6po- 

uiupRH, CAfyjaaa CBoe a&to. RHHseqEti, nanHcaHHOft ao- 

bojbho 6e3TojiROBo 9 6es*B snama A^aa, neiaTajHCB rpoMaAHua 

CTaTBH, nojHHa BocTopseHHiixi ROMHJiHMeHTOBi no aApecy ea 

' v aBTopa h t. a- TaRoft iiyM-B o6i«CHaeTca t4mi, hto aBTopt 6po- 

miopH — H8BicTHHfi (jjeiBeTOHHCT* «Neue freie Presse*. 

' Ero 6pomropa myMHO osarjiaBjeHa <EBpeflcRoe rocyAapcTBO. 

Ohhti paspiHieHia eBpeflcRaro Bonpoca*. repqiB, b*b Ra^ecTBt hobo- 

\' t ' o6pameHHaro cionncTa, BOCTopaeHHHfl no6opHHR*B eBpeficRoft Han,io- 

HaJBHOfi HAeH. PacnpOOTpaHHBBlHCB BTE, nepBOfl BOJOBBHi RHHSKH 

o Bcix'b, ao cbxi nop'B npeAJRraBinHxca caoco6ax r B ptmeaia BToro 

cJosHaro h Rpafine sanyTaHHaro Bonpoca, repn^jb nepexoAHTi r*b 

HSjroaemiD co6cTBeHHaro niaHa. Ho ero MHimK), OBpeficRifi bohpocb 

; 6yAeTB paspimeHi tojbro Tor^a, Ror^a eBpen o^yTHTca b*b 

4 CBoeifB cotfcTBeHHOM'B HesaBHCHMOM'B rocyAapcTBi. IIoRa ohh pas- 

c4hhh cpeAH HHonjeMeHHHROB'B, ohh Bcerxa 6yxyn nrpaTb poaB 
yrH6TaeHux i B h tohhmux'b; ho pas* eBpen nojiy^aTB bosmoshoctb 
caMB BepniHTB cbod cyABfiy h ycTpaHBaTBca corjacHO ch Ayxom 
CBoeft b4roboS RyjBTyps, ohh BOspoAflTca, h <tb hhmh bc* nyse- 
aeMmi cTaHyrB cinTaTbca, rrr-b cb paBHHMfe. Bee a^io b*b tomt,, 

• ' ito6h ao6htbch ocHOBama co6cTB6HHaro rocyAapcTBa. 

Qo MHifliH) TepuJia, eBpeflcRoe rocyAapcTBO BOBce He TaRaa yTO- 



H31» ABCTPIH. 99 

nia, sasi saseTCA cb nepBaro bsvjlsrbl. B% Haiue Bpeua, bi> cym- 
fiocTB, h4tl yae Heqero HeB03MOXHaro. Ms bhabm*b, Bast to, hto 
enje 20—30 j&yl tomj tfasaAi xasajiocB coBepmemio HectfHTOHHHiiB, 
xenepB HHsoro y»e h ho yABBxaeT-B. ^ocTaTOHHO yaasaTB Ha rojbloc- « 
cajLBRHfi nporpecct bt, o6jacTH TexHH'iecBHX'B 3HaHiit. 

TepipB noqeMy-^o cqnTaerB AHjuiro caMofi noAXOAfimeS CTpa&ofi 
AM nepBuxt maroBT, no nyTH Kt ocymecTBJieHii) ero njaHa. Grfc- 
AyerB npe»Ae Bcero ocHOBaTB jBa o6m;ecTBa: «EBpeficByro KOHnaHis)» 
(Jevish Company) h «06mecTBo EBpeeBB* (Society of Jevs). 3aAaia 

«EBpeUCKOfi BOUnaHiHl COCTOHTt Bfc TOM'B, YT06h JBBBBAHpOBaTB 

KaKT> hosho CKopie bo Bcfcx«B CTpaHaxi> Mipa jx-fc xbja. h npeAnpi- 
aria, bt> kot opux'B npuHHMaK)T > B yqacrie eBpea. UapaxiejBHo cb stqmt, 
cEBpeficsafl ROMnaHia> HaqBHaeTt HaccaMH nepeceaaTB eBpeeBB 1 
Ha Ty TeppHTopiK), vjsfb coBpeneHeMi noaBHTca HesaBHCHMoe eBpeft- 
csoe rocyflapcTBo. cEBpeficBofi ROMnamH* cTaHyri noMoraTB bc& cy- 
mecTByromia bt> EBpoirb cioHHCTc&ia o6mecTBa. IlepBue nepecejeHuu 
tfyAyTi HatfopaTBca bs«b caMHXX C'&ahhx'b (npeBMymecTBeHHO pyc- 
ckbxt. h rajEHi^iiScRHX'B) eBpeeB-B, soTopue npHMyTca sa noAroTOBH- 
TexBHyro ?epHyK> pa6oTy. DpibxaB'B b'b hobhA spall, bth npojieTapia 
HaqHyT'L o^BiijaTB somjk) otx xicoB'B, ocyinaTB 6oxoTa,' npoaxa- 
AUBaTB Aoporn, ctpobtb mocth h atHjnma. ToxbBO TorAa, xorjca Bee 
8T0 6yAerB 0B0HH6H0, hohbbtch 6ypsya3ia h soo6me CoraTHft 
xjaccB eBpeeB-B. Bee bto noaBHTca He sasi deus ex machina, a bt> 

<5BXy dBOHOMHieCBHX'B 3aK0H0B'B. J^Jfl TOrO, TM)6h yAOBJOTBOpflTB 

9jeiieHTapHtia noTpe6HOCTH nepBtixt nepecejieHn;eB'B-pa6oHHX'B, b-b 
HOBtifl spall HaxjHHyTB MeJKie ToproBijH h peMecxeHHHBH. SarkMB 
bi spall HaqHyT'L cB^BsaTBca aABOBara, HOTapiycu, xisapa, yqH; 
Teja h t. x., noTony qTO Bee pa3BHBa»m,aaca sb3Hb pa66qeft 
kojohIh noTpe6yeTB uaccy BHTejufnreHTHiix'B chjtb. HHTeJUHreHiua, co 

CBOflMH n0Tpe6H0CTBMB Bl KOM^OpT^ 6yAeTT> CB0C06CTB0BaTB B03HHKH0- 

BeHiK) 6ojiBmflx f B Mara3BH0B , B 9 $&6jmjs,i>, saBOAOBi h t. a* Bb rohu* 
kohuobt>, TaMB, rui BHaqajii 6hjeo tojbbo h4ckojbko coiewb pa6o- 
qaro HacejieHia, noaBjaeTca nacToamee, coBpeneHHoe Maccosoe ro- 
cyxapcTBo cb apHCTOBpaTied, 6ypatya3iefi, KpecTBaHCTBOMt, pa6oqiiMH, 
tittpoBpaiieft, saHAapsiepiefl, boAcbom'b h t. a- 

Me&xj rfem Apyroe ofimecTBO Society of Jevs nponaraHAHpyerB 
H^ei) eBpeficsaro roc^apcTBa bc^mh AOCTynHHMe AJa Hero cnoco- 
6aaiH. Oho wj&eT'h cnenjajftHHe opraHU, (ipomDps, RHnrn, pa3Bi- 
mHBaerL h pacBieBBaeTi noBCDAy cooTBiTCTByBonua oC^BBxems, 
ycTpaBBaeTi MBTHHrH h BOH^epeHi^iH h, pasyMieTca, Ao6HBacrca 
CBoero. Tepi^iB pascqHTSBaeT'B Ha nouepssy He tojbbo co ctopohei 
cauBxi eBpeeBi,, ho h co ctopohh... aHTBceMHTOBt, KOTopue, aeiaa, 

BO 1T0 6u TO HB CTaJO, BB^aBBTBCa OTTEi CBpeeBl, AOJStHH coaM- 

, €TBOBaTB o6ohm'b eBpefic^ojcT> oGmecTBaMt. 

HeH3BicTHo tojtbbo > *$ 6yWT , B HaxOABTBCfl 3to 6yAymee eBpefi- 
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He TpyflHO OTRynHTB Baxofi mtfyAB nrraT'B 7 AprbHTEHCKofr pec- 
ny6 jhkh, ecjH ho yAacTca nojyqHTB am &Toft n,iJH tooth HazecTEHH. 
BnposeirB, a** Tepipa bopocl Mtcxt, Ky.ua nepeceJBTB eBpeeai, 
, cymifl nycTaai. M4cto aojurho nafiTHCB He 3A*cb, Tasi tam*. 

HanameaHaa, nojiaaa phtpphtockhxtb 4>pa3i> h he Ha tomi He ocho- 
BaHHWx-L BOCTOproBi, 6pomx>pa # repiyui 611.1a, OAHaKO, npHHUTa c* 
9HTy3ia3M05n> aBCTpiftCKHUH cioHHCTaMH, a repn,A cpasy CTaj-B vb wrb 
rjasaxi saRHMi-TO npopoaoifB, paspimaTejeiTB BtKOBoro Bonpoca. 

Bpetfa ofaaBjeriH hobhx-b. napaaMeHTCMX'B BufiopoBi otiycjo- 
BjmBaeTCfl ao H^BOTopofi CTeneHH BexoAoafB neperosopoBi, soto- 
pue BeAyn* EaAera <tb BaHH$E. Ecjh neperoBopu yBiHiaroTca noj- 
hhmi ycnixoMi h 06a MHHHCTpa-npesHAeHTa 6yAyra yB*peHu, *to 
inapjaMeHTEi o64hxb hojobehb HMnepiH yTBepAflTfc oKOHOMH^ecaoe 
coMameHie», to he rpa<J>y BaxeHE, Ha6apoay EaHH^H He botoaho 
pacnycsaTB napjiaMeHTL. Ecjh se corjameBrie bctp^thtx onaosaniH) 
b'b napjaMeHTaxT., to ohe TOTsac* se tiyxyra pacnymeau. 

9BOHOMH^ecKoe corjameflie Merely AscTpieft h Benrpieft <5hjo 
3awK)qeHo b«b 1867 r. Ha TpajwaTB xhvb, TaKt hto b-l 6yAymeiTB 
roAJ BCTesaeT'Bero cpos'B.C'B 1867 r. o6i hojobhhh HMnepin Ta6c6yp- 
roB'B hh£k>T'b o6m;ii£ TaMoacaa, o6mifi rocyAapcTBeHHHft (SaHKb h hs- 
BtcTHjE) aojk) o6m,aro 6»AseTa Asyxt MEHECTepcTB'B, BoeHHaro h 
UHOCTpaHHurxi foil*. 

IIo corjaineHiro 1867 r., ABCTpia ynjiaraBaja 68,6% pacxoAa, 
a Bearpia toabbo 31,4%. OjpiaKO, ct t^x-b nop«B TpaHdeflTaHCRaa 

HOJOBEHa HMnepiH AOCTHrja TaRHX* BBOHOMH^eCKHX'B ycnixoBi, TOO 

noAo(>Hoe npoi^eHTHoe pacnpeAkieme pacxoAOB-B b*b HacToamee BpeMa 
cvajo 611 oqem> hoxosem'b. Ha 9RCMyaTaijiK) AscTpia BeHrpieft. IIo- 
^Toty-To aBCTpiflcKoe Haceaenie e npaBBTejiBCTBO TpefiyiOT'B sna- 
qHTejBHaro yBejaqeaia ao*b Beerpia npa noEpuTia oCmaxi, pac- 
xoioBt. ABCTpia AOMoraeTca, tto6h BeHrpia niaTHja BupeAB He 
31,4%, a 42%. Bearpia npnxoAHTca yBejBUBBaTB cbok) aojd Ha 
10.000.000 ryjBA-, too BeHrepn,aMB oqeHB He HpaBHTca. Ohh co- 
rjiacHu AaTB 5—6 MBJiJiioHOB'B, ho 10 HH&as'B He sejasoTi. IIo 

HQaiiAHHM'B H8B£CTifiM'B, B'B CBOpOHl BpOMeHH AOJUKeHli BOOlltAOBaTB 

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BearepcKOMy MBHBCTpy y^acTca apio6ptcTH 6ojkbdibhctbo 6yAanemT- 
CRaro napjaneHTa A-ia npaBBTejibCTBeHaaro npoeaTa. ^to se KacaeTca 
AO BiacKaro napjaueHTa, to rp.. EaAeHH hoite He coMaiBaeica bb 
ero corjacia. 

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BpeMA oh*b hoith He HMteTt oaao3Bii l ia bt. BtacBOMB aapjaiieaTt. 
CaMHe apue oaBO3Hn 1 ioH0CTLi, sasoBHUE 6mjh npa npesHHXx khhh- 
cTepcTBaxi MjiaAoqexa, CTaja oqeHb yroA^HBHMa CTopoaaaBaMB rp. 



K&b ABCTHH. ' L01 

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npoxoxarB sau^HaTejBHo jento. ftocTaTOiHO yrasaTB Ha cy^Btfy 
H36npaTejibHofl pe^opMa. HoaTOMy mqjkho npejnojiaraTB, *to h aBCTpo- 
BeHrepcKoe corjameiue tfyaeT* hm*b 3aKjnoHeHO et TasqiFB ateycai- 

XdiTB. • 

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Hoe Mninie AscTpin, TatfB sasi co bc^x-l ea kohijob'b HanjHBaiDT* 
bi Ey^a-IIenm sejaioiiue noJK>6oBaTi>ca Ha BeHrepcsyD BucTaBRy. 
UpoTecTH co CTopoHH *e BeHrepcKHxt HapoxHOCTed, BnpoiearB, Be * 
npespau^aDTCH. Ohh aaae nepeHeceim aa npeA^Jtr BeHrpin. Taa*, 
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cbhxi> sypHajKHCTOBi. Bi co6paHia npejuc^AaTejbcxBOBaji'B 6iiBinifi hh- 
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nopnuaiomyK) oTHomeme BeHrpoB«B k*b HenaA'BapoBHM'B HapoAHocTaMfc 
btl OTenecTBa. 

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CHHCBaro xarepa h noAHHcaH'B BHAfffeflnraMH npeacTaBHTejHMH pa^H- 
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bt> BeHrepcKoft PycB, nojBsyacB rbwb, hto BeHrpo-pycHHCKaa hhtoj- 
jrareHitfa hjh rtaABapHSOBajacB, hjh npeAaexca riynifiniHM'B nan- 

CJaBBCTCKHM«B MeiTaHlAlTB. 

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atHTejiBHHM'L pesyxBTaTaHi He npHBeA6T%. 



Bb TajiHi^iH npasAHOBajiCH He^aBHo TpnAUaTHjiTHifl ro6Hjefl jh- 
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pyccBifl hshkb. Achhk-l nojrynna'B, Me»Ay npo^HM^, h nosApaBienie 

H3!B MOCKBH. 

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caxmb KpynHjuxl. as^Qwjj coBpeneuHoft noiBC^oft no93iH. ^chubi 
nocroaHHO bi YijjjftiH, b«j> ]lpa»o^i ho oht* no CBoeny 



acHBen 



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bt, noxBCSod JBTepaTypi, a ct» noaTOX'b, cepbesHo omocaiUHXca si 
CBftexy npHSBaBix), Bfiicsa8HBaDH(HM% r*y6oKia mhcjh bt> TmaTeJbBo 

* OTA&iaHHOfl* $0px4. XOTO ACHHKfc HHCaJTb HeMHOrO, HO H&KOTOptlJI 

H3T. ero CTHxoTBopeHiS, sasi Hanp. <Acfien,», €K3iiaH'B Orcryn- 
hhki» o6paTHjn Ha ce6a Bceo6m,ee BHnxame. Hoa* BJiaHiex-b «Bo- 
atecTBenuofi KoMeAiH* AaHTe, so-ropy© Achhri nsyqaffb bo Bpena 
CBoero npetiraaHiff bt, HrajiB, airs Hanacaiia noaxa «CoHt xoraxi'. 

H3«b HTajiH AcHttBi BOBBpaTHJCA b% repxaHiro, ho y»e wb xe- 
ABUB^i ho BepHyjcfl. Oht, CTajt nsyiaTb Bt re3Aejb6eprcsox'b yra- 
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AOSTOpa 4>HJOCO(J)in, Achhki> noixajt bi> TajiHi^iK), KO-ropaa Hesa-> 
Aoxro nepeA** Tixt BCTynHja Ha aytb HopxaJbHaro paBBHTifl, no- 
jyqHBi, aBTOHOMi». 

IIoceJBBBiBCb wb raaania, AcHtiKt npHHaj'B caxoe A**TejibHoe 
yqacTbe bt, aypaajHCTHEi, ho He ocTaBMJTB h nossiH. Oflt HaoH- 
cajft xaccy JHpaqecsHX'b cTaxoTBopeHifl, soTopua CTaJia BCKopt 
oqeni> nonyjiapHUMa. Jifi 1870 r. Achuk-l aaji» bo JlbBOBft, bt» 9Tomt> 
se roxy nepeixaxb wb KpasoBt. Bt, KpaKOBi jaiepaTypHaa **- 
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xapaKTepi). Owb nomeTi, onepu, nodMu, APaMH, eomcaib h despair 
noBicTefi, a bm^ct^ cb t^mt* npaaHMaeTx yqacTie b% peAasTHpo- 
Raaia rjaBnaro eae^HeBHaro opraHa nojibcaaro AeMOKpaTaqecKaro 
jiarepn, «Nowa Reforma>. 

Achhkt>, no xapasTepy CBoero TajiaHTa, jbphkt,, npHqeMi, bt, 
.ero CTHXOTBopeHiax'L OTpasattTCH camiH pa3HOo6pa3Hsa h ctoxb 
npoTHBoriojosHfiui AyBieBHiiA HacTpoeHia, ito, qaTaa ero npo- 
B3BeAeHia noAt-paAt, bu eABa MoaceTe noBtpaTb, qTo bxi, nHcaJit 
oahhi h TOfb ae qciOBiET,. Bci CTaxoTBopeHia AcHiisa npoH^K- 
ayTu ray6oRHHH 4>hjoco$ckhmh hucjhmh, 6ojbmaa qacrt aat hbxt>, 
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Bonpocu coijiajibHoft ataaea. Achhet> rjy6oso qyBOTByeT'L npapoAy 
< a MacrepcKH nepeAaeTt HaBiaHHua ero HacTpoeHia. Ct ^opiiaJbHofi 
CTopoau npoH3BeAeHin AcHusa flacToamie 6pHjuiiaHTH nojbcsofi no- 
asin. IIo coBepuieHCTBy <|>opMM ohb MoryTt ctoatb paAOMT, cr» ca- 



HA 3AP-B lyCGKOt H083IH. 103 

mhmh jyqmHMH cTBxoTBopeHiHMH CxoBaijKaro. Be* CBOH CTHXOTBOp- 
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H3"B ero ApauaTHqecsHX'B nponsBe^emfi oco66hhhm , b ycaixoM'L 
nojUisy eTCfl DBeca cfipaTBa JIepxe». m 

♦ n. BacHJie.BCKiW. < 



Ha aapt pyeeicoa no93iH. 

Pyccxaa noasia. — Cotfpame pyccKHxt noaTOB*. — HsAaeTca no#& pejaxiueH) 
C. A. BeHrepoBa. BiinycKH I— V. Cn6. 1893—1895 rr. 

n. 

Onsrb BOcnojn.3yeMCfl < f H,HeBEHKOM'L> HnRvreHRH, xoTopuft pa3- 
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cTBOifL, tto HMnepaTpHn;a EsaTepHHa II HasiiBaxa ero BoxBTepoirB, 
h6o BojcbTepT> BHa^HTb no $paHijy3CRH vol terre — noxutyawuwfi orm 
3€mm. Ha cero BaxceM cotohhjh b'b Mockb* oaTHpy, b-b xoTopoft 
HemaAHO o6pyrara ero, yRopaa B'B xhxohmctb'L OdaaeHHHft noacaio- 
Baicfl rpa$y Ajwrc&h) OpjOBy. — fl He irory oxaaaTB Barn HBKaxoft 
noMonjH, oTBiqajTb eny totb, ho, ecin xothto, p&wb Bain* floCpHtt 
coBirL, noiB8a KOToparo j^osHaHa chxoiq Ha coOctbohhoitb ontrrt. 
Korjja a (Shjtb cb ^xotom-b B'b Mopei, to bo Bcfax eBponeftcRHX-B 
raaeTaxi 060 mf6 nncaxH, qio a Hmero He jntfuEaro, xaxi tojibro npn- 
Ka3HBaio rpesaMi fffciaTB moh 6k)cth h co6Hpax> aHTHKH. Ha tto ace 
a pinraxca? HepecTaffB flixaiB to, bt> tomi mohh ynpeRara, h ra- 
36TH 3aM0jraaiH>. 

Hhehtohro pa3CKa3NBaerB bto ho xaR-B aHei^orB, a xasi hcthh- 
Hoe npoHcmecTBie, h mh ho flyicaeM* ero ocnapHBaTB. OqeHB bo3mosho, 

TTO rpa$T> OpJIOFB flax* TaEOfi COB*rB B3flT0*IHHRy, flOCTOftHHH hcthhho 

rocy^apcTBeHHaro ^exoBiRa, xoth, croxbro h3b4ctho, qecueHCKifi re- 
pot OTJHqajca 6oxBme xpaGpocTBio h y^axBio, Heaexn HaaroflmHirB 
rocyaapeTBeHHEurB yMOMi. Ho yarB Taxoe BpeMH 6hxo. B'b He3Hara- 
TeiBHOirB $aRTi (hh npHHHiiaeirB ero sa ;$ftcTBHTexBHHft (J)aKrt), 
pascxasaHHOBTB y Hhrht6HEh, (Kara coiHije b*b Maxoft Ranxi bo#h» 
OTpaaaeTca BecexBiB, ocTpocxoBHHii, <5e3nyTHuft, 6xe<rrame - #apoBH- 
THft, JierKOMHCieHHHfl h 6e3C03HaTexBH0 — ^aceoTOxift XVIII b4kx. Pas- 
cmotphm^ pa3CKa3aHHuft ^axTB nodxHse. Bopyeit xpynHuft B3flToq- 
hhk'b h Tax'B BopyerB, hto A aaB ^ Mocray, lorji.ainHioio MocKBy yAHB- 
xaeTB. HmiepaTpHijfc H3^*ctho o^ghb xopoiao o6i> ero rpa6ffrejrBCKHXT> 
nopHrax-B— h hto »e?^- pe3yaBT:aT& lOXU® ocripo'yiiEUft uanaiiftyp^, 

KOTOpHft, KOHeiHO, CB ^ ^te^ ielft ^ "Ssxgt ^ ^ ** 6m3UHX1> K0 ftB ° PT 



104 pyccKOE botatctbo. 

c^epax*. Bt> #£jo BciynaeTca codmecraeHHoe mime*: noaBxaerca 
h io^htl no pycaifB pyRODHCHaa carapa Ha B3aToraiRa — h onar& 
hto *e? BsaTo^BHR'B, KaKi> ocKop6jieBHafl HeBHHHocTL jRaRaa-mfiyflb, 
•fe^erL e*b MorymecTBeHHOMy BeaBM03K4 o/coAoeambcx Ha obod o6udy. 
Hto AaJBroe? BiacTHufi BeJBMosa, ROToporfy, Ran* bto otobhaho h» 
pascEasa^ 6hjto coBepmeHHO B3BicTH0 o rpa6HTejn»CTB*k qeao6ffra[Ra, 
^aert esiy octpojmho - EOJocifi oiBirB, vim bco h ROH^aeTCs. Bas- 
• cejB BepHpca, KOHe^Bo, b'l cboA flenapTaMewrB h npaHaaca eoAt- 
mepcmeoeamt nyme DpeaiHHro, noompaa cbohm*b npnutpoM'B h cbosd 
6e3HaRa3aHH0CTBD Bcixx apyrax'B fiesiHCjeHHHX'B BaKceaeft Toro 

BP6M6HH. 

MajieHbKifi en 030^, pa3CRa3aHHK& y Hhrhtohrh, Hyauio othbcth 
kt> Romjy BocbMHuecarax-b roAQB-B nponuraro CTojrfma. 3a ABamaTb 
cjraniROMi Jiirt nepe;ri> 9thmt>, bt> MaHB^ecrt «o aaxoimcTBrita, no- 
HBHBineMCfl Bcero gepe3i> Tpn He^^ra nocjrfi BCTyraema Ha npecTon 
ERaxepHHH, BiipaaseHo fouro Tanoe TopaecTBeHHoe oftkmame: chhsto 

06BHH6HHUfi BT> JEHXOHMCTBll (6S6JH TOJLKO Saio6d floBfleT* flO Had 

npaBeABaa) hro nporaiBaromift Bora, He hb&Ihkhtb h Hamero rataa, 
TaRi KaKT) mh mmoctb h cya* bt> nyTH HenoporaoirB ijapcTBOBama 
Hamero Bory h Hapoay o6imaJtH». OflHaRO, BceBosHOSHHe BaKceiH, 
KpynHHe h Menitie, lyBCTBOBam ce6a o^eHB uphbojebho bo Bee Bpeug 
u^pcTBOBaHia ERaTepHHiz, ho CMOipa hh Ha RaRia «npaBeflHHa sa- 
*o6h». TlpoTHBopiqie Mes#y cjeoboitb h xbxowb o^eBH^HO, h Tanar* 
hjh ^aace eme 6ojrfce pfoKHxt h cepB63HurB npoTHBop4*riit moxho 
yKaaaTL m> ijapcTBOBaHie ERaTepHHH h4crojibro. Botl juittepaJBHifiinii 
<HaKa3T>>, npeacnojiHeHHUft ryMaHHO-$iuoco$CRaro flyxa, a botl pas- 
gaqa mnpoRoio pyROio RaseHHNX'B RpecrBaHB bt> tocthoo RpinocrHoe 
Biafffcme, botl saRpiraeHie cbo6oahuxb MajropoccificKHXi> RpecTBamb. 
ymraxoaeHa CTpamnaa Taitaaa RaHneJiapia, sanpemeHo h npex&HO 

8a6B6BiK) H6HaBHCTH0e «CJIOBO H A&10» } HO 4p63T> HiCKOJLKO JTfeTL no- 

crfi 3Toro nponcxoAHTB TaRoft Becejufi AiajorL: «Hy, RaROBO RHyro- 
6ofiHHqaeim>>?— fllo MajieHLKy, Bama Cb^tjoctb, no MajieHLRy»! 3to 

paSrOBapHBaDTB Il0TeMKHHT> CL UleniKOBCKHMt, Ha^aiBHHROVB ta&Hoft 

BRcneAHi^H. Bm£cto KanueAxpiu aBHJiacB 9Kcneduu,ia> ho KHyroSoftHH- 
qecTBo ocTaaocb npeacHee. ABiaeTca ^osBOJieHie Ha ycTpoficTBO BOJDb- 
hbixt> Tznorpa$ifi, 6eai bcskhx-l ho^th orpaHHqeHi5, ho botb, ^ipesi 
RaR0ft-HH6y^B aecaTOR'B cl HefiojiLmHifB jrbrB, yRasi «o6t orpaHH^e- 
HiH cbo6oau RHHrone^aiaHia h BBOsa HHOCTpaHHHxt KHorB, o6i» yqpes- 
AeHiH Ha cefi rohci^b qeHsypu h o6t ynpasAHeniH qacTHiix'L thuo- 
rpa$ia». Botl ynasi o&l otkphtlb Hapo^Huxi y^Hrami bo bc^tb 
ropoflax* HMnepiH, o6*b y?pe«AeHiH rHMHa3ift h o&b ocHOBaHin qexH- 
pexT* hobbix'b ynHBepcHTeTOB'B, a bi> pesyjBTaTt hh y*unnrB, hh 

rHMHa3ifl, HH HOBBIX'B yHHBepCHTOTOB'B. Boe 9T0, O^HaKO, WOTHOCTH, 

xoth h EpynHLia, BaaEHua, ho botl o6m;ee nojioseme rocyjapcTBefl- 

HLLXL A'^JTB B'L 8T01TB nepio^t: JMRb 6jLMWnjBXT> BOeHHUXt H AHQJIO- 

vaiH^ecRHX'B nofiiffB^yfiean^eHie rocy^apcTBeHHOt xeppHTopin Ha cothh 



HA 3APU pycCKOft flf033in.- 105 

racffTB KBa.npaTHHX'B Bepcrx, yBejraraeHie Hapo^oHacejreHifl (Soaie liwb 

Ha fleCHTB MHJUdOHOFL H0BHXX nOflflaHffiHX'B, a CB HpjTOft -CTOpOHH — 

noqTH coBepmeHHoe HCTomeme rocyflapcTseHHoiir KaaHH, xpoHH^ecKie 
fle^Hnjma, bt» pe3yjn>Tart kotophxi B03pacTame BHimrarB h BHyx- 
peHHEXi AoaroBx, yBejraieme HajoroBi h rayxoe, ho rayfioRoe He- 
Aobojibctbo Hapoaa, o KOTopoM'b iinr& He M6H$e ERaTepma nncaaa, 
onpoBepraa RaRoe to $paHijy3CRoe coinraeHie o Poccin: <to He noa- 
jiesHTB coitHtaiio, vro whrh Ha cb4t4 flora xyume flOJH pyccRaro 
KpecTBHHHHa*. Hto cKasanx 6h Heip*, co3epijrH ary ^apiHHy? Ohpb, 
F&poflTHO, cRa3ajTB 6h: «Bcye aaROHH mean*, esejn hx* He hchoji- 

HflTB». * 

H BceTaKH EsaTepHHa 6mia nepraro BiraijeHOCHKirb nocjriao- 
BaTejeM's IleTpa, Bnojrai HCRperaHirB h co3HaTeiBHUM , B Y h ea THTyo 
«BeJHKoft> BnoM* 3acjymeHT> ero. Ho h BeM^rie HMiert cboh cto- 
netfH. Ecjdch IleTpt 6hii Rpyrair& pe$opMaTopoirB— paflHRaaoirB, to 

ERaTOpHHY Mil Ha30Bein> OnnOpTBHHCTKOtt, HeofiilRHOBeHHO yMHoft, 
HTHpOEO UpOCBimeHHOfi, HCKpeHHO JTH6epSUEbH0ft, HO HflCKOJBKO H6 pa<3- 

nojroseHHoft h ho cnocotfnoft npatB nporaBy poacna. U&rpb npBono- 
cofaawB Pocciio Kb ce64, EKaTepima caMa npncnocoSrajracB rx PjccIh. 
U&rpb AiSfCTBOBaji'B nofli* Braaoft nenpepeRaeifoft aerHTHMHOCTH, ror^a 
RaRt nojioaceHie EKaTepHHH 6hjo coBepmeHHO hhoo, RaR* BcaiflCTBie 
ea E*Men,Karo npoHcxoawema, TaRi, b* ooo6eHHocTH f h b* cnjcy rirt 
nyreft, rotophmh OHa flOcjHrjra npecToaa. Bt> bthxi OTHomemaxx ea 
uoioaceHie 61120 ropaaflo TpyflHie noiosemH Heipa, h Hexbaa He bh- 
jriTb A0Ka3aTejiBCTBa ea orpoiraaro h HaxojpmBaro yiia npes^e Bcero 
Vh T0BTB, ?T0 OHa BHOJIHt HOHJUa 8T0 noJioseHie h OBja^a hvb. 
IIocMOTpHTe Ha Hee, Ha ea HpaBCTBeHHufi o6s.rki>: b*,h& 9ia tocto- 
KpoBHaa HiMKa — TOcriftmaa pyccKaa semi^HHa irai KpynHiftmaro na- 
jKfl6pa, 9to KaKaa-TO Mapea HocaflHHija Ha npecrcwrfe, qecrojnofriBaa, 
BJiacTOJjo6HBafl, ^aace qacTO no jkohcrh TmeciaBHaa, ho HCKpeHHO h 
ray6oKO upe^aHHaa CBoeMy OTeqeciBy. KaKOMy oxeiecTBy? He aHTraiBT- 
u;ep6cR0Hy (JaTepjiaH^y, rohohho, a to& cTpafffe, pejinriD KOTopofi OHa 
npHHoia h azuvb KOTopofl ycBOHia Tasi, Rasi HeMHorie rob KopeH- 
huxi pyccKHX'B AH)Aofi. Y Hefi He 6wlo hh TaRHXi chj'b, hh Tasoro 
aBTopHTexa, Kaiue Heo6xo^HM£i ajsl /roro, tto6bi Tan^HTb Ha cBoem 
6yKCHpi TaRy» TasejoBicnyio MaxHHy, KaKi> Poccia, ho^o6ho TOMy, 

KaKT> 9T0 BCD •CBOD SH3HB ^SaJTB HeTpt, HO JOD,MaHOM'L OHa <)£Uia 

npeBocxoAHHirB h no eo3MOotcHocmu AepxaJtacB neTpoBCRaro sypca. 

<jKhbh cairB h Apyrmn> shtb ,n;aBafl> — dtotb a$opH3Mi> 6&ur& 
o^ohb jho6hmt> ERaTepnHoft, ^acTO noBTOpaaca ero h He HanpacHO: vb 
aTOH'B a$opH3Mi saRJUD^ajiBCB h ea aorrefioRia npaBHJta, e ea hoihth- 
^ecRaa uporpaima. Koh6hho 9 bto npHHi^Hnt qacrfeftniaro annopTK>HH3xa. 
flaeati, otcumb dpyium — ho ecn bth ^pyrie He jjarort shtb TpeibaMi 
h ^eTBeprHMi? Hy, yjiawrca KaR'b HH6yji>, h bo bchroitl ciy^at xy^oft 
MBfb jryime Ao6poft ccopu ^ jiyqme He BnieTaibca b*b cnopu, no 
KpafiHeft whpi fb ranie, sorrv^e H6H3b1ictho eme Tiin> Moryrb roh- 



^.j l- 



106 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. ♦ 

mca. EnaTepHHa, Hanp., jhrho ho jn>6raa pocKomH, ea bkjch 

J/iH-OqeHB npOCTH, HOTpetfHOCTH yMtpeHHH, ho ona ho oipaHiiqn- 

i.i a 6e3yMHjH) pacroqHTeaBHOCTB IIoTeMSHHa, BesSopoflKO, 3yooBa h 

ipyraxt. Spa TaKoro orpaHH^ema noTpefioBaracB 6h pimHTeiBHua, 

netpOBCKia Mtponpiaria, a bto yae 6i.ua 6h npa&HOCTB, KOTopoi 

; TepeHa Bceiyja crapajracB H3(SiaaTB. 9ra ykjohtobogtb npoacxo- 

i,;a ho otb maTBocTH MHtnift h ho otb aejrama HeBOSMyTHmaro hh- 

q-feMB noKoa, a otb nojHOTH y6iaflema, qTO bc* mh judah, bc4 qe*o- 

a h o.uhh'b Bon 6031 rpixa. «2KhBh caini h apyrHSTB sub Aa- 

.■."i>. HpHBe^eMi eme oahbtb, MaieHBKift, ho BBipasHTejLBHHfi, .i.a 

KcraTH me h JTHTepaTypHHfl npnirtpx, KaK'B pa3X noflaoflamii k-b fia- 

mefi tom4. KanpH3Hdfi CyMapoKOBi pascopHJica H8"B-8a qero-To cb 

opaaTejeM'B MocKOBCKaro TeaTpa, h*khitb BaiBMOHTH, h sanpemi-L 

eny CTaBHTB Ha cnpni cboh Tpare,zpH. 3anpenjeHie bto6buo orotHeHo 

sobckhitb rjaBHOKOMaH^yromHiTB rpa$0M*B CaiTHKOBHM'B, h CyHa- 

Poeobt. o6paTHJicfl cb aaaotforo kt» HMnepaTpnn;*. Bea npaBfla n ece 

npaBo, kohohho, 6mh Ha ctopoh4 CyMapoKOBa, ho KaK'B ae oGh^tb 

cTapHKa-$ejBflMapmaia? Ha.no ycTpOHTB Tara, tto6h h bojikh 6uii 

cutm, h obh;h ijiaH, h b*b otb^tb Ha cboh) aaaoCy CyirapoKowi. no- 

♦tyqM'B hhcbmo otb HMnepaTpnmj, bt> KOTopoMx, Meafly npoqwrB* 

roBopnjocB: cfl flyMaro, qTO bh jyqme Beta* SHaeTe, KaKoro ysase- 

Qiii ^ocroftHH ibd^h, cayanBinie co cjraBOK) h yfiiueHHiie C$AHHaafff. 

Botl noqeMy coBtryro Bain> H3&feraTB BnpeflB hoaoChhtb npemii. Ta- 

kjhtb o6pa3oirB bh coxpaHHTe cnoKoftcTBie flynra, Heo6xoflHMoe xia 

upoEreBefleHift Baraero nepa; a mh4 Bcer.ua npiaTfffce 6ynerB bh^tb 

npezccTaBJieHie cTpacreft b*b BanrexT. apaMax*B, Heaem b*b Banraxi DffCB- 

imi. #ra Toro, hto6bi yir&TB mam hosojiothtb mumsso, njmewh 

He npodofl cBtTCKift TaKTB, a yirB h TOHKoe 3Hame Jioaefi. npasia, 

CyMapoKOB'B sannjrB cb ropa, nojiyqEBB bto uhcbmo, ho bto rope 6uio 

orb HOJiinaro caM0J©6ia «pocciflcKaro Bojrrepa>, KOToparo He Harai 

V^OBJieTBOpBTB HHKaKie KOMnJHMeHTH. 

CKaaeMx eme pa3i>: HacKOJBKO HeTpi. 6hjtl BeanKTb h xorjYBBi 

t npncnocodjienifl ^ch3hb h juo^eft k*b cbohitb HAeaiTB h ijt-irflM^, 

nacTOJTBKo ae HenoflpaaaeMa 6HJia EsaTepHHa wb HCKyccTBt np»cno- 

»'o6jraxB cboh h^oh ki> JiroflaM'B h k*b o6cToaiejiBCTBairB. Ob oiBie- 

qeHHO-HpaBCTBeHHOS TOHKH 3piHia 9TH CBOfiCTBa, KOHe^HO, H6 Ji^HH * 

UiHHH, ho ct yTMHTapHO-npaKTHqecKott cTopoHH o6i BTOWb Bfoaterb 
ohtb 6ojn>ffloft pa3roBopT>. Poccin, tojbko «ito BH^epaaBraei secxo- 
Kvio jroMKy TleTpa, Heofixo^HMa 6hjl& nepe^uniKa, Heo6xoflHiio Cmio 

BpeMH, ^T06h KaKX-HEfiyAB CnpaBHTBCH CB HaniHB0MT> HOBKlXt JWER- 

ti"&, hobhxx o6HqaeBt, hobhx'b yqpea^eHift. Haao 6mo nparja- 
j{tTBca, uonpHBHBHyTB kt> hhitb, npea^e qiMx ycBOHTB cefii hx-b 
nyxB— h Ha bto fiura saipaqeHH okojio qerupex'B ^ecaTKOBTi rivrB. 

CJltflOBaBmHX'B 3a CMepTBK) IleTpa. CopOKT. JltT^! 3T0 6hJ0 MHOrOHBKO 

name nm pyccKoft Me^JHTeJiBHOCTH, nepedtatuna rpo3Hia nepefini bt. 
AoneTpoBCKi^ sacioS, h botb kbki pa3i> bb bto Bpeiia Ao6puH reniii 



HA 3AP* pyccKofl nosaiH. •« 107 

Poocia nocfiuaerB eft ^yasecrpaHRy, #ra KOTopoft neTpoBCBifl npocBi- 
THrejLHHa H^en 6mh ho TaaacTBeHHHM'B h orpaniHuirL acynejOHi, a 

npHBBTTHOft flyXOBHOft *CTHXi6&. 9T0 6uiO K&Vb He*B3H 6(Nl4e KCTaTB, 

h jhtooctb EKaT^pHHH cOBepmeHHo no^oaraa Kl> nOGTaBJieHHOt HCTO- 
pieft sa^aqi. 3aflaq» sxa (feua Bee Ta »e, neTpoBCKaa, ho bt» apyrofi 
o6cTaHOBKi, bt> apyrOM'B BBOJiron.ioHflOMT. $a3Hct. Pocom 6luo Hy»HO 
yMCTBOHHoe h HpaBCTBeHHoe npocB^meme, a jura BToro 6uxo Hyrao, 
^to6kl bo raaB-fc BiacTH eroajrB pyccKift nepeflOBOft ^ojob'Ir'b snoxa, h 
BTOMy ycjioBim b*b paBaoft irtp* y^oBJieTBopara h Heipt, h EsaTepHHa. 
BeiHsi£ h BeJiHKaa jrawaLnrB TpynoirB h jhihoS BHeprieft aofiHaa to, 
qero hmt> He flocTOBaBaao, to>6bi Bnojrai OTBiiaTB ocHOBHOMy ycaoBho 
HCTopn^iecKofl saaaqa. KpoBHiifi pyccaift qeJOBtab h HeorpaHBraeaBoui 
RiacTHT6jn> no CosecTBeaaoMy npaBy, IleTpi coCctbchhhich ycaiiaiiB 
CTai'B Ha BUooTy eBponeflcKaro npocB*fcmeHia. DlHpoKO o6pa30BaHHaa 
H^MeiiRafl npemjecca, cb Maiuxii aim AmnaBmaa B03flyxoirB eBpo- 
neficKOfi i^BH^HBaqiH, aBHBmacB vb Pocciio, toiho Tanse CO^CTBOH- 
hhkh ycHJiiHMH aocTawra Beo6xoaHMaro aBTopHTOTa, jifls. *ero OHa 
npeajje Bcero pycca^aijapoBajia ce6a, ho ct> TaaoH) acRpeHHOCTi© h 
hojhotob), ^to BOJinKopocciHCRoe nposBame cMaxymKH* to*ibo Hapowo 
6hio #ui H6H npaayMaao. HHKaKoro HtMen;Karo xBOGTa, HHRaRaxx 

BapOHOB'B OHa C*B C060K) H6 HpHB63Jia, a OKpyjKHJia cefifl IHCTOKpOB- 
HHMH pyCCKHMH JOHOflBliB H CByMtJia B036yAHTL B*B HHXB $aaaTH*6- 

Gsy» kt> ce64 apeaaaaocTB. Ha3UBaa bt, cbohx*b yRa3ax* n Maaa$ec- 
Tax*B Pocciro cbobitb cfloporaMB oTe^ecTBOMB*, EaaTepaaa ne Jiaije- 
ir&paaa a, saRptnomaa cboCoabbix'b pyccKHXt jnoaefi, bbcroibro ce6t 
He npoTHBopiiBJia. Ecjh ys*B TaKofi uaTpiorb h fleMORpara, aaRB JIo- 
hohocobx, onepHBinacb h Btrft^a bb qama, o6saBejca KptnocTHHMH 
KpeoTBflHaMH, to 9TO saaqarB, qTo ho b* raaaocraxi, a Bt #yxi ca- 
Moro B*Ra 3aoH>qajiHCB Teafleaitfa BToro po#a. 

Poccia e^Ba en^e BCTynaaa^Bi* ceMBH) npocBtmeHEHXi, Hapo^oBB, 
a qTO A^ajocb bb btoh «ceMBi>? Taut roBopHJtn: apr^s nous le deluge, 
TaMi KajaM6ypHj[H h octpbjh bt> BH^y aBJieHifl ^ase ropas^o 6oJite 
cepbe3Hiix^, HesejTH ^Hia KaKOro-HH6y,HB B3HToiHHKa. cJI Ha axt 
Mtcrt HenpeMiHHO 6m Bs6yHTOBaJica», npeocTpoyi^HO h npeHaxoA- 
qHBO OTBtraji'L, Hanp., Jlro^oBBK'L XV, BOrAa eiiy noKa3a^a cyppora-ra 
xjrfefia, KOTopHMn nHTaiHCB ero no/maHue b*b npoBHHipflX'B, nocTHTHy- 
thxi> neyposaeifB. Ecra bt> npocB^meHHofi ipaHnia XVIII stKa 
mpemte cocjoBie tojilko en^e co6&paj[ocB upeA'bflBHTB oboh npaBa, to 
bt> nojryBapBapcKOii Poccia cyAB6Bi nemeepmaio cociOBia no HCTopnqe- 

CROft JEOrHKi H6 MOrjH 6BTTB HH1IHH, qiMT> KaKHMH ohh Ha CaMOH'B j&jrb 

Gum IIpHRa3aHie EsaTepHHU, hto6h Ha npomemax'B, n^aBaeMHx-b aa 
ea HMa, npooHTeja noAnacHBajiHCB He <pa6aMH», a «BiipHonoAAaHHNMH» 
B036yAHJio bb TorAaraHeft JHTepaTypi Henoflfl*aBHHft BocroprB — h bto 
o6cTOflTeJibCTBO Aaen> ToqHyro MipKy seiama h cTpeMiesifi ofimecTBa 
Toro BpeaeHH. Tokumz sejraHiaH'B ERaTepaHa He tojilko y^oBJieTBO- 
paja, ho a raja Bnepe^a hxb, B£i3HBaJia hxb, h ct> btoA to^kh spt- 









1 r • 





108 *' PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Hk bc6 npoTHBopi i rifl b*b ea fltaTeabHocTH Teparorb cboS ocTpHJi, yRO- 

pH3H6HHLlfi CMHCJTb. ^OTHpe HOBHX'b yHHBepCHTeTa! Camtfi OTiaaHHHft 

^aHaTERi npocBtmeHia ho Morb 6h nosejaTB* bt> to Bpeiur 66JBmaro, 

HO JHHBepCHTeTOB'B H6 OTRpbMOCb HH OflHOrO, H EsaTepHHa-JUI BHK* 

bt> 9T0Mt? YHEBepcirreTH npeflnojaraiocb otkphtb bt> Hera*, HepHH- 

v < , roB*, IIckob4, EKaTepBHOCJiaBJit, a Tain, Kb 9to Bpeira MHTpo$a&H 

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%-r * ♦ ateHHTBca! noupo6yftTe npnBieib HXt bt> yHHBepcHTerb, HaSepfiyftTe 

~ H3t hbxx CTyAOHTOBi! Bm4cto Ta&Hoft RaHn;ejapiH, HBHjraob TaftHaa 

V ' BRcnejuHitfH... ,1a, bto oieHb »ajrKo h KaR*b 6y;i?o HenocjrtflOBaTejbHo, 

ho onaTb-TaKH npH^eMT> Tyrb co6cT3eHHO EKaTepana h ea HacToanjie 

HjieaJiH? B'b to BpeMfl B'b Raacjjoft RpinocTHofi aepeBeHbR* 6ma cbo- 

■]■ ero po^a MaieabKaa €Tafaaa 8RcneAHi^a>, h xa^jpift noirkD^HR'b fb 

i ' jhi$ CBoero ynpaBjaronjaro hie CTapocTH EMiurb cBoero iiajeHbKaro 

niemKOBCKaro. «KHyTo6o8HHqecTBO» 6hjio bt> HpaBax'fr o6mecTBa h bi 

HpaBarb Hapo^a, h 6opoTbca ci heme mojkho 6suo jh^hhitb aB^opn- 

TOTHHirb npHMtpoirb, RaRi> 6opojrca IleTp?., ERaRi ho Moraa 6oporbca 

ERaTepHHa. ryuaHHHft «HaRa3'b» ocTajca raacon bt> nycraiHi Boniih 

npMi — npas^a. OflHaRo, qba BHHa Tyrb — BToro naca hje btoS ny- 

cthhh? «HaRa3i>>, RaRi h3b4ctho, 6nuL-b ji&wb bt> pyROBOflCTBO fleny- 

TaTaBTb, H36paHHBnrb orb Bc£r& cocjOBifl aaa cocraBJieHia Hosaro yio- 

iRama. Hs* mecTacorb cjibhiromx aTHX'b HapoflHHX'b npeacTaBETeieft 

iraorie-iH oRasaincb Ha bhcot* nocTaBjeaHoft nepejpb hhmh sa^a^E? 

Haoh «HaRa3a> npHBera B*b BoexnmeHie'BojbTepa, boctop*6hho Ha- 

CTpoMn jy^rayiD nacTb Harnett Tor^aniHeft JiHTepaTjpbr, ho aenyTaTamb 

0Ra3ajiHCb coBciM'b ho no nieiy. IleTpa dto o6cToaTejn>CTBo Heocra- 

H0BHJ0-6H, H OHT> BaCTaBHJTb 6bE fleiiyTaTOBT> pa60TaTb B'b yKa3aHH0in> 

Hin> HanpaBJieHiH, ho EitaTepHHa yiuua pyRH, h <HaKa3i» ea ocTaica 

TOJLKO JIHTepaTypHKlfb AORyMeHTOBTb. YHB^TOSeHU BOJIbHUH THHorpa- 

<j>ia, BUSBaHHua R*b «H3HH caMOK) ERaTepHHOD — 9to He caMoe BasHoe, 
ho caMoe HarM^Hoe hbi nporaBopiqifi ERaTepHHH.OAHaRo,n oho HMierb 
CBoe o6i>HCHeHie h name cBoe onpaB^aHie. Hpn Bceft CBoeft npocBimeH- 
hocth h 6yAy^H caMa nHoaTejbHHn;eft, ERaTepHHa, KaKx h bc4 6e3Tb hcrxk>- 
qeHia jro^H Toro BpeMeHH, He Hiriuia OTqeuffBaro cosHaHia o cart h 3Ha- 
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Haa. ^pHApHXi BejHRift (ecjH ho oraadarocb) Ror^a[ein y yKasuBaia Ha 
KaRoro-HH6y^b BOJibHo^yMHaro h onno3HitfoHHaro nncaTeia, cnpamn- 
Bajrb vb npe3pHTeJibHofl HacMtmKofi: «a ckojbko y Hero BoftcRa?» 
BoficRa y nncaTejra, roho^ho, He OKa3HBaiocb, h sHaqarb Ha Hero 
MOSHO 6hjo ho o6pamaTb BHHHaHia. KaRoe ys*b sto opyade — ryca- 
Hoe nepo! ^epesi HtcKOJibRo jrtra aTorb Bsria^'B nsirfcHMca h nepc 
meji'b B'b npoTHBonoioacHyro RpaftHocTb ao Toro, too bc* nojHTEqecKi; 
HenpiaTHocTH o&bacHajrncb nary6HHMH yqemaMH BoibTepa, Pycco l 
«6e36o2RHHRa #HflepoTa» vh fipaTiefi. To^ho Tanse BHAOH3ir&aaica h 
h Bsrjwj^ ERaTepHHbt Ha RHHXHoe jsjbuo a Ha neqaTb: Kb 83 roj 
A03B026HH BOfflbHHa THHorpa^iH, yRa30irb 96 ro^a oh4 ynpas^Heffla, 



; , HA 3AM& PyCCKOft n083IH. 109 

yqpexaeHa ijensypa. ©b deeHuocmo tuecmoMz roay — o6paraTe BHHica- 
Hje Ha ery neny — <IIyTeinecTBie H3B HeTep6ypra bb MoCEBy> PaflH- 
m,eBa yse ycnfoo npoH8Beera nepenoaox'B bb npaBanmxB c$epaxB, 
BeJHKaa $pamty3CEaa peBOJH)D,ia yse #aBH0 aaBiua KOiuMapoMt 
EBpony. Tojibbo no#B bthmh Bne^araiHiaMH h yse bb nocxhjipie 

#HH CBOefi &H3HH EEaTepHM ptniHJiaCB IipHHflTB OipaHHTOTeJIBHHk 

M4pH npoTHBT) KHtmi, #o rfcxB nop** BCHieGEH 6K> noEpopHTeiBCTBye- 
MOft. BcnoMHHM'L, *tq npoHcxoarao y HacB cb neqaTBD cnycxfl aimm- 
eomi> naTi^ecflTB aira, bo BpeMeHa «6yTyp«HCEaro KOMHTeTa>, no 
noBo^aMt ropasAO Menie BasHBura, BonoMHHirB h noflHBHMca He «e- 
nocjmdoeamcAbuocmu EEaTepran, a Hao6opOTB, ea ctohkocth bb #koi 
3am,HTU npocBtmeHia. 

Tasi hto ace? — cnpocHTB HacB TOraTeaB. BaMB-TO KaKoe #> Boero 
Ao dToro Aiao, t. e. npn tomb Tyn> oapa pycosoft H083iH», noflie- 
sampa Bamewy o6cysfleHi»? Ho mh$ EaseTca, coBepmeHHO hgho 
( npu ueMh. HeTpB 6elib j^yxoBHUMi otijomb Hamefi jurrepaTypii, a 
EEapepiraa faua ea nicTyHBeft, MaMKoft, EopjfBuunjefi. Ha raaaaxTb 
EBaTepBHU, no^ ea 3amflT0X) h cb ea noMomBD, pocao h Kpinio 
He no Ruawb, a no ^aoaiiB, MHoroo64ma»mee ahth, (wiecTamaa 6y- 
AymHocTB KOToparo Tenepb yse ho nofliesarB coMHiHiio. Hpn qein> 
EKaiepHHa? Ho bca jHTepaiypa BoceMHa^aTaro BtKa 6tfia baoxho- 
BJSfleMa h^smh EEaiepHHH, oeojo ea HiieHH Bpanjajact Bea nod3ia 
Toro BpeMOHH. Hpa ^omb EFaTepnaa! Ho ecu yse bb aieKcaH^poB- 
cKia mh HHKOJiaeBCBia BpeMeHa npeflCTaBHTeaa o6me<yroa m o$$h- 
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y, meiKonepH, ra6epaiH npoEJcmie, qopTOBO ciuca! Y3Jioan> 6k 
BacB BctxB 3aBfl3aji>, bb HyEy 6h <yrepB Baci> Bcixx, #a iopTy bb 
no^KJiaAKy! > ; ecaa ho^th Tania se pira cjcmnHMB hh iraorfla flase 
TenepB, pobho qepesi cto sin nocJtt CMepra BejHKofi, to ^to cTa- 
jfocB 6li cb 1 6yMaroMapaKaMH» bb to BpeMH, 6e3B Moryqefi no^epsKH 

EKaTepHHH, C06CTB6HH£IM f B npHH^pOlTB OCBflTHBDiefi H BOSBHCHBDiefi 

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h $ohb-Bh3hh , b, h Hobhkobi», h Bca pycoBaa mTopaTypa. Hoa'b nm- 
TOtfB EKaTepHHH pyocsaa JCHTepaiypa HacTOJLKO osptnjia h B03ny- 
asajia, hto ee ho MoriH yse ocjia6HTL nocjrfe.ayBon^iH HefisroAH. t Ito6u 

rOfeOpHTB TOJBKO n083ia, HaBOBOHB Tpn hmohh: IlyniEHH'B, JfepKOH- 

tobb, Kojbi^obb. Ysm, EaseTca, oficToaTejtBCTBa He 6iaronpiaTCTBOBajiH 

EXT> AtaTOJIBHOCTH, H, O^HaSO, HXB H083iH Jlfi CHXT* HOpT> CiHOTB flpKHMB 

cb^tomb, h BejHEaa EKaxepHHa tjtl j^ase o?ohb npu hcmz. 

♦ 

VH. 

«H oqeHb jljo6juo h yBasaK) r. ^epsaBHHa^^iipoHa^ecEH rosopsJiB 
IlHcapeB'B bi. cTaTbi <D^b , 6tbi neBHHHaro iouopa> wmnmowt Tpn^aTB 
jAtb Hasa^t. <Pa3B* ^6p^ B0 a^ *on> 6s. mc«n>, ewiM 6u otb 
nacaTejra Bcer^a Tpe6oBajca ftcF**?** VQm&xa* ^^ TO H ,Mrb ae ' 



110 PFCCKOE BOrATCTBO. • . 

Ha btotb pa3i> yae 6e3i» HpoHiH, a c-b caMHifB ' OTRpoBeHHHirb npe- 
spfcHiGMi. 3lraft]n» noHaAo6ejica IlHcapeBy btotb noaeMH^cKifi bbl- 

CTptiTL? CtOHTB-JIH, XOTfl 6H TOJBKO MHMOXOflOirB, OCM*HBaTB HHCa- 

Tejfl, yse uoJiBtea noRoamaroca bi aeMJit, otphbrh hst* npoH3Be- 
flemft KOToparo mosho bctp^thtb tojilko bt> xpHCTOMaTiflxi>? Ilnca- 
peBi Hameai), too ctohtb, h bto 6hjtb jnyqinift ROMMHMeHrB jtepsa- 
BBHy. HeiiHoro nacaTeJieft, hmoem KOTopuxi aoxoflHTB ao BHyROBi h 
npaBHyKOBi; eme MeHBme TaKHxi, npoTHBi aBTopHTeTa ROTopHrb 
noTOMCTBy HysHo 6uBaen> 6opoTbca. Kor#a mm o6cy»flaein> Kharexb- 
hoctb KaKoro-HH6yAB rocy^apcTBeHHaro, hjih o6m;ecTBeHHaro, bah ihto- 
paiypHaro tfiaiejiH npomenmea bhoxh, HaHi noaesHO MHcaeHHO nepe- 
HecTHCB b% ycjOBia btoS 8noxB h cnpocHTB ce6fl: KaKi> nodynajiH 6h 
mh na iitcrb 9Toro p^arem? Ecjh 6m nncaTeiB IlHcapeBi, cb rhn xe 
iHTepaiypHMMt TaaraHTOM'B, cb t£mh se yMCTBeHHUUH h HpaBCTBen- 
humh cbohmh cBOHGTBaMn, nncajra, bt> mecTHflecaTKrx'B ro^ax* HB ae- 
BaTHajwaTaro, a BoceMHa^aTaro cTOjrfma — nponoBi^HBaJTL-jrH 6u 
ohi peajiHBM'B, BcecnacaDmys) GHJiy ecTeoTB03HaHia h t. #.? Egjj*6h 
noarB #epsaBHH/B nHcajn fie bt> eRaTepHHHHCRoe, a bt> HameBpeim, 
crpainHaa craa ero jrapnqecRaro aapoBama, ero BoaBiimeHHuS na- 
eocB, ero yBieRaDnjaa CTpacrHOCTB — HeyaeM Bee bto noTpaTHiocB <h 
Ha BQcntBaHie pasflaxt MM0CTHBu;eB'B ^a Ha BapBHpoBaHie toh, BecBMa 
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«rjOTaeTL ijapcTBa aMHa CiiepTB?» H&iobko ^ase craBHTB TaRip 
BonpocH, noTOMy too cjhiurom'b ym-L eaeMeHTapHN coo6paseHia, 
buojh* 8th BonpocH paBpimattmia. Bt> UHHyTy pasflpaaeHifl, pas^o- 
oaAOBaHHHfi Tpe6oBamaMH nacaTB oflH bt> pofli 0ejnmt» 9 ftepaaBHHi 
o6jierqnji r L ce6a thrhitb TOTBepocTHmieMV. 

IIofiMajra nTH^Ky roiocHCTy 
H Hy csHMa-pfe ee pysofi. 

IlHmHTl 6i^Hflajta BtffcCTO CBHCTy, 

A efi TBep^flTt: nod, HTnroa, nod. 

8to 8Harara, too TaaaHTy ^epacaBHHa 6rao t4cho b-l -rtx-L rpa- 
HHi^ax'B HpaBCTBeHHofi cbo6oau, KOTopHa onpe^tieHH 6HJH ho qieft 
HH6y^B jih^hoS Bojefl, a pjxowb BpeneHH, ofimHirB ypoBHerB Hpa- 

BOBT*, a 8T0 B-b CB0H) OiepeflB SHa^HTB, KOHO^HO, too ^epaaBHFB, 
KaKt nncaTejiL, 6hii> Bume cBoefi bhoxh. Kam nucameAt — ary oro- 
Bopay hoo6xoahmo noA^epKHyTB. Kani, qejiOB'bR'L, ^epxtaBHVB <Mean> 

fl-feTefi HHTOOSHHX'B ttipa> 6HJTB XOTfl H6 «BCtXT» HHTOOSfffaft), HO H 

He Bume Apyraxi. Mohho CRa3aTB, too ohi> bcbo shshb oopoica ot> 
cbobmT) co^cTBeHHUMi) TaiaHTOMT>. JiHTepaTypa Hama 6aaa eme Tast 
MOJio^a, 3Ha^eHie neqaTHaro ciOBa h, bt> oco6eHHocTH, noasiH * 6uio 
fljfl Bcfcx'B eme TaKi> HeacHo, ^to AepsaBHny Tpy^Ho 6mjio ysasaTB 
bi> ce6t noBTa, tojbko nodTa. 

IIo33ia Te6i JiH)6e3Ha, 
IIpiflTHa, cja^ocTHa, nojesHa, 

KaEl Jt^TOSCB BRyCHHH jrHMOHa^t. 



HA 3APB PyCCKOH n033IH. • 111 

TaET> roBoptfiB ftepaaBHHB <&eran,4, t. e. ERaTepnfffc, bb 6ojiBinyH> 
noxBaay eft, h TaRB HecoMH^HHo oht