(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Jets and flashes"

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 



at |http : //books . google . com/ 




9tO D,H(J)pOBaH KOHHH KHHrH, XpaHHII];eHCH JIJIR HOTOMKOB Ha 6H6jIHOTeHHbIX HOJIKaX, Upe^KJie HGM ee OTCKaHHpOBaJIH COTpy;],HHKH 

KOMHaHHH Google B paMKax HpoeKTa, d^gjib KOToporo - c;],ejiaTb KHHrn co Bcero MHpa ;],0CTyHHbiMH nepes HHTepnex. 

riponijio ;i,0CTaT0HH0 MHoro BpeMCHH jiJi^ Toro, ^To6bi cpoK jiepLCTBn^ aBTopcKHx HpaB Ha 3Ty KHHry HCTGK, H OHa Hepenijia b CBo6o;],Hbm 
jlocTju. KHHra nepexo^i^HT b CBo6o;],Hbm j^octjh, gcjih na nee ne 6bijiH HO^anbi aBTopcKHe HpaBa hjih cpoK ^i^eiicTBHH aBTopcKHx HpaB 
HCTGK. riepexo;], KHHrH B CBo6oAHbiH ;],0CTyH B pasHBix CTpanax ocyn],ecTBjiHeTCH no-pasnoMy. Khhfh, Hepeme^i^niHe b cboGo^^hbih ^ocxyn, 
3T0 nam kjhoh k nponijiOMy, k 6oraTCTBaM hctophh h Kyjibxypbi, a TaK:a<:e k snaHHHM, KOTopbie nacTO xpy^i^HO naHTH. 

B 3TOM 4)aHjie coxpaHHTCH Bce homgtkh, HpHMenaHHa h ;];pyrHe sanncH, cym^ecTByioni^He b opnrHHajibHOM H3;],aHHH, KaK HanoMnnaHHe 
o TOM ;],ojiroM nyxH, KOTopbm KHHra npomjia ot HS/i^axejiH jio GhGjihotgkh h b kohghhom HTore jio Bac. 

IIpaBHJia Hcnojib30BanHH 

KoMHaHHH Google rop^i^HTca tgm, ^to coTpy^HH^aex c 6H6jiHOTeKaMH, ^To6bi nepeBecTH khheh, Hepeme;i,mHe b cboGo^i^hbih ^i^ocTyn, b 
u,H(J)poBOH (J)opMaT H c^i^GJiaTb Hx HiHpoKO^i^ocTyHHbiMH. Khheh, HepeniG^i^niHe B CBo6o;],HbiH ^ocTyn, HpHHa;],jie:a<:aT o6n],ecTBy, a mbi jinnib 
xpaHHTejiH 3Toro ;],ocTOHHHH. TeM He Menee, 3th khhfh ;],0CTaT0HH0 ;],oporo ctoht, nosTOMy, htoGbi h b ^ajibHeHmeM npe^i^ocTaBjiHTb 
3T0T pecypc, MBI Hpe;],HpHHHjiH HeKOTopbiG ;],eHCTBHH, Hpe^OTBpan],aion],He KOMMep^ecKoe HCHOJibsOBanHe khhf, b tom ^hcjig ycTanoBHB 
TexHHHecKHe orpanHneHHii na aBTOMaTHnecKne sanpocbi. 

Mbi TaKTKe HpocHM Bac o cjie;],yK)ii],eM. 

• He HCHOJibsyHTC 4)aHJibi b kommcphcckhx u^ejiax. 

Mbi pa3pa6oTajiH HporpaMMy Hohck khhf Google j^ji^ Bcex HOJibsOBaxejieH, H03TOMy HCHOJibsyHxe 3th 4)aHjibi TOJibKO b jihhhbix, 
HeKOMMep^ecKHx D,ejiHx. 

• He OTHpaBji^HTC aBTOMaxH^ecKHe saHpocbi. 

He OTHpaBjiHHTe b CHCTCMy Google aBTOMaxHHecKHe saHpocbi jiio6oro BH^i^a. Ecjih Bbi sanHMaexecb Hsy^eHHCM chctcm ManiHHHoro 
HepcBO^a, OHTH^ecKoro pacH03HaBaHH:a chmbojiob hjih ;i,pyrHx oGjiacxen, rj^e ^i^ocxyn k 6ojibmoMy KOJinnecTBy TCKCxa Mo:a<:eT 
OKasaxbCH hojicshmm, CBH:a<:HTecb c naMH. ^jih 3thx D,ejieH mm pcKOMCH^i^yeM HCHOJibsOBaxb MaxepHajibi, Jiepeuiefljjine b cboGo^i^hbih 

• He y;];ajiHHTe aTpH6yTbi Google. 

B Ka:a<:^OM 4)aHJie cctb "bo;],hhoh snaK" Google. Oh hosbojihct HOJibSOBaxejiaM ysnaxb 06 3tom npocKxe h noMoraex hm naHTH 
;],OHOJiHHTejiBHBie MaTcpHajiBi HpH HOMOHi^H HporpaMMbi HoHCK KHHF Googlc. Hc y^i^ajiHHTe ero. 

• /l^ejiaHTe 3to saKOHHO. 

HeaaBHCHMO ot toto, hto Bbi HcnojibsyHTe, ne 3a6y;],bTe npoBepHTb saKOHHOCTb cbohx ^j^chctbhh, 3a KOTopbie Bbi neceTe nojinyio 
OTBeTCTBeHHOCTb. Hc ^yMaHTe, MTO ecjiH KHHra nepenijia b CBo6o;],HbiH ^ocTyn b CIIIA, to ee na 3tom ocHOBannH MoryT 

HCHOJIbSOBaTb HHTaTeJIH H3 ^l^pyTHX CTpaH. yCJIOBHH JI^JIR HepeXO^a KHHTH B CB06o;],HbIH ;],OCTyH B pa3HbIX CTpanax pa3JIHHHbI, 

H03T0My HCT e^i^HHbix HpaBHji, H03BOJiHion],Hx OHpe^i^ejiHTb, Mo:a<:HO jiH B OHpe;],ejieHHOM cjiynae HCH0Jib30BaTb onpe^ejieHHyio 
KHHry. He ;];yMaHTe, ^to ccjih KHHra HOHBHjiacb b Hohckc khhf Google, to ee Mo:acHO HCH0Jib30BaTb KaK jtojiho h rjie yro;],HO. 
HaKa3aHHe 3a napymeHHe aBTopcKHx npaB Mo:H<:eT 6biTb onenb cepbe3HbiM. 

O nporpaMMe IIohck Knnr Google 

MhCCHH Google COCTOHT B TOM, HTo6bI OpraHH30BaTb MHpOByK) HH4)0pMaH,HK) H C^l^CJiaTb CC BCeCTOpOHHC ;],OCTyHHOH H HOJie3HOH. 

HporpaMMa Hohck khhf Google noMoracT H0Jib30BaTejiHM naHTH khhfh co bccfo MHpa, a aBTopaM h nsj^diTeji^M - hobbix HHTaTejien. 



HojiHOTCKCTOBbiH HOHCK HO 3TOH KHHFC Mo:a<:HO BbiHOJiHHTb Ha CTpaHHH,e http://books.google.eom/ 



This book should be returned to 
the Library on or before' the last date 
stamped below, 

A fine is incurred by retaining it 
beyond the specified time. 

Please return promptly. 



mm 



(l^ 






AnPlJIfc. 1896. 




I 




EJKEM'feCHHHHft 



HMTEPnypHbiti H umm lypHoi. 



J«4. 







jWi^^4 



C^IETEPByPrB. 
THnoJlH«>rpa$u B. M. Bojib<|><k, <DoH<raBKa 92 

189a 






) 



V 



HARVARL' 

[university] 

LIRRAR.Y 
N0V2n961 



J(08B016H0 i^eHBfpon. Cn6. 24 Anp&u 1896 rox«' 



.C04EPaCAHIE. 



CTPAH. 

1. Bii nipt 0TBepM6HHUxi. SaiiBCBH 6HBinaro Karops- 

Baro. J. MeAhUiuna. IIpoAoaiseHie 5 — 28 

2. T3Hi>. E.H. HeoHoea. OKOHHame .....••. 29—64 

3. Bi OMHAaHiM notsAa. E. A. raneHaepa 65—82 

4. HoACHtJKHHKM. OTHzoTBopoHie A. M. Oedopoea • . 83 
6. PaAOCTN M ropecTN 8HaiieHMT0N Moiiiib Oji6iiAapci>. 4^- 

msAH Jl^e^o. IlepeBOA^ cb aHrjdiosaro II. Kan- 

HaxoBOKaro. OKOHHasie ; « • • 84 — 143 

6. EoAA3pi>y ero WHSHb n noasin. H. JGT. 144 — 173 

7. Eopuu. PoicaBTi K* C. Eapawneeusa. IIpoTEOxseHie. 174 — 197 

8. lOHOCTb. CTHxoTBopoBie. A. M. Oedopoea 198 

9. McTopifl KaHi> HayKa. n. H. Apdameea 1 — 25 

10 HoBuii KNNrN: 

A. E. SapNN-b. noB^cTH ■ paBcasam.— A. E. SapNirb. FoBopamafl 
roiOBft.— PyciH BBOHvaTH. CTHzoTBopeHifl. H. A. llaHOBa.— M. A. 
rojiMuiTeKiTb. BnevaTJubHifl h saiiilTBH.— A. AjMliapoB-b, A. Tpy- 
3NHCKlli, ^. HajNAOB-b, C. CMNpHOB-b. J^ecsTh VTeHift no xsrepa- 

Typ^ — OBCBHHNKO-KyJINKOBCKlii. fldUK'B H HCSyCCTBO.— OnUTb 

xaTexaTHqecRaro BHpaseHia noHflTift ■ buboaobi bthxh. H. 
A. UlanoiuHNKoaa. — ?to vasoe roxeonaTis. E. A. AnKoea.— 
Ulapjb NiNA-b. OoHOBU noiBTiraecRoft ssoHOxiH.— SexxeBiajit- 
Hie H cejiBCKoe zoasftOTBo. — HoBua xhhtx, BOCTymBmifl vb 
pexau^ln 25 49 

11. Hsb AscrplH. I. BacmeecKaio 50—71 

12. Mail TepiiaHiH. A. Koepoea 71—89 

13. Hdi> 0paHiMN. H. X. 90—114 

14. /ImepaTypa h mHSHb. fll K. MuxaiUoecKato .... 115—138 

15. PyccKoe r6orpa(t>iiHecKoe 06uwctbo n ero ncuiyBtKOsaii 
AtmejibHOCTb. A—e — c—e 139—144 



OTPAH. 

16. AHSBKHirb mypHajiHcra. C. H. lOoicaKoea 146 — 170 

17. XpoHKKa BHyrpeHHeN mnshh: I. CjiyzB h tojqlh o ao- 

HeKHofl pe^opiii. H. 6. AjmeHCKaio. II. 06me- 
CTBO H ne^aTB. — 06ooTp6HHHa OTHOmeHifl. — ^IIpH- 

EEBKa npecoH. — HnipLAeHrB SCeAOHesa. 0. E. A. 1 70—214 
Id* OTMen ftOHTopu peAawMN mypHajia tPyccKoe BoraTCTBO». 215 

19, Qn KOMHTeTa HeBcxaro 06iu6CTBa ycTpoNcTsa HapgAHuxi* 
pasBJieneHitl 215 — 217 

20. 06i»flBJieHiH. 



Bl KOETopI^ »p7pEaJia «F7CCK0E EOFATCTBOi 

(Ilemepdffptb, EacceAnaH yA., 10) 

TIL Bx ois^neEiH KOEiopu seypHajia 

(MocKea, HuKumcKM eopama, d. Fatapuna) 
HMIBJOTCH B'B nPOAAHCB: 



H. FapHHrb. O^epicH h pascBasH. 
T. I. H3J^. BTopoe. H. 1 p. 25 K., 
CB nep. 1 p. 60 K. 

— OnepBH HpascKasH. T. n. H, 1 p., 
cb nep. 1 p. 25 k. 

~ rHMHaSHCTU. JD[. 1 p. 25 S., Ch 
^ nep. 1 p. 50 £. 

Bji. KopojieHKO. B:bro20AnHfirox%. 
H3;^. BTopoe. It. 1 p., c-B nep. 1 p. 
25 s. 

— O^epRH H pascsasu. Knnra nep- 
Baa. Hbx. ce;i;bHoe. I^. 1 p. 50 s., 
c-B nep. 1 p. 75 a. 

— O^epsH H pascsaaii. KnniaBTO^ 
pafl. H3A. TpeTLe. H;. 1 p. 50 k., ce 
nep. 1 p. 75 k. 

— Ci'&nod MysHKaHTb. Btda'b. Hs^. 
naxoe. H. 75 s., c% nep. 90 s. 

H. K. MHXaftjIOBOKlft. Kpumu- 
necKie onumu: 

•— JleBi TojiCTOfi. It. 1 p., CB nep. 
1 p. 25 K. 

— n^eAPHH'B. I^. 1 p., CB nepec. 
1 p, 25 K. 

— MsaH'B TposHHfl vb pyccKod jm- 
lepaTypt. Tepofi 6e3Bpe]fenBa. Hj. 
1 p., c* ne p., 1 p. 25 k. 

H. j3. UleairyHOBrb. CoHnHenin. 
^Ba TOHa. Il.3p.,c% nep. 3 p. 60s. 

— OnepsH pyccsofl shshh. U. 2 p.^ 
CB nep. 2 p. 40 s. 

M. A« npoTononoB'B. JLaxepa- 
T7pH0-KpHTH?ecBiii xapasxepHCTH- 
SH. H;. 2 p. 20 £., CB nepec. 2 p. 
50 K. 

C. H. JOficaKOBrb. Coitfoiorn^ecKle 
8TK)XH. T. I. I(. 1 p. 50 K., CBnep. 
1 p. 75 K. 

— CoiuoJiorHHecKie dTioxH. T. n. 
II. 1 p. 50 s., CB nep. 1 p. 75 £. 

— J^Baa&AH BospjrB Asin. IlyTeBUJi 
Bne^aTiiniH. I^. i p. 50 s., cb nep. 
1 p. 75 s. 

A. Mhmhh^-ChGhphK'B. rop- 
Hoe rnd^Ao. PoHam. £[. 1 p. 50 k., 
c% nep. 1 p. 75 k. 
-— ypaiBCKie pascsasu. ^Ba TOMa. 
H. 8 p., CB nep. 3 p. 50 s. 

— Tpn soHua. PoHam. I^. 2 p., 
CB nep. 2 p. 35 s. 

C. H. BjmaTBeBOKlft. O^epsH 
Ch6hph. It. 1 p., CBnep. Ip. 25 k. 



K.M. CTaHH)KOBH^i>. OTspoBen- 

HHC. PoHan-B. It. 1 p. 50 s., cb 

nep. 1 p. 75 s. 

■— Mopcsie CHiysTH. It. 1 p., cb 

nep. 1 p. 20 s. 
H. C'JbBepOB'B. Pascsasu, o^epsn 

H Ha6pocKH. It. 1 p. 50 s., CB nep. 

1 p. 75 s. 

B. C'JbpomeBOKlft. ^syxosie pas- 
csasu. It. 75 s., CB nep. 1 p. 

K). B63po;n;HaH« O^jopru. It. l p. 

50 s., ci nep. 1 p. 75 s. 
A* inaGejQCbOKaH. Ha6pocsH sa- 

panxamoiTB. ^. 1 p. 50 s., cb nep. 

1 p. 75 s. 

H. A. JlyxMBHOBa. jI^axqaxB 
jArb Ha3a;^'B. It. 1 p., cb nep. 1 p. 
25 s. 

n. AoGpOTBopOKlA. Pascsasu, 

OTOpSH H Ha6pOCSH. JlfiS^ Bun. It. 

2 p., Cb nep. 2 p. 25 s. 

8. ApHOjDbArb. Gsd^rB Asin: xhshb 
H y^enie Bywu It. 2 p., cb nepec 
2 D 30 s. 

B. P6KJII0. SeiasL. UlecxB Buny- 
csoBfB. It* 6 p. 80 s., CB nep. 8 p. 
50 s. 

H. H. J^HTATHETB. CxaxBH no 

Hcxopin pyccsaro npana. It. 2 p. 
50 s., CB nep. 2 p. 90 s. 
F. I^GGhhcb. npoMunuennaii 
Hcxopifl AhtiIh. It. 80 s., cb nep. 
Ip. 

m. JleTypHO. OoiuojoM, ocho- 

Bannafl na sxHonMuj^in. Bun. I. It. 

60 B., Cb nep. 75 s. 
M. C. KopeJiHHrb. naxeme anxn?- 

naro idpocosepiiaHifl. % 75 s., cb 

neg. 90 s. 

C. CHreJie. npecxynnas xoina. It. 
40 s., CB nep. 55 s. 

H. A. KapMiueBl*. KpecxBSHcsiii 

BffbHax^^nuii apenxu. It. 3 p., cb 

nep. 3 p. 50 s. 
— Bino-nacfbAcxBennufi naeMi 
seMejB na soHXHECHTi 3an. Enpo- 
nu. It- 2 p., CB nep. 2 p. 25 s. 

H. 0. Kapt^eB^b. HcxopHSO-<i»H- 
ioco4>csie H. coiaoiorn?. sxnxu. 
It. 1 p. 25 K., CB nep. 1 p. 50 s] 

1 



O. H. KpKB6HK0« Ha pacnyxBH. 
I^ 1 p. 25 s., cb nep. 1 p. 50 s. 

B. K. BaTOOH'B. 3tk)Xii h onepsE 
no o6nn, Bonpocaifb. Hj. 2 p., c% 
nep. 2 p. 30 e. 

H. A. Py6aKKHT». 9tioxh o pyc- 
CBod HHTasontefl ii76jraKi. I^. 1 p. 
50 B., ch ]vep. 1 p. 75 s. 

C. H. HaACOHi*. JlHTepaTTpHne 
. o^epsH. II. 1 p., CB nep. 1 p. 25 b. 

B.OOTporOpOKlft. Ed's HCTOpiH 

Koero y^nrexBCTBa. I^. 1 p. 25 b., 
ci nep. 1 p. 50 B. 
P. JTeseH^ejiBjiCB. rpa4>'& JI. H. 
ToJCToft. (na npocTofi dynart). 'H;. 
1 p., Cb nep. 1 p. 20 b. 
— (na BejieneBol tfynari). H^ 1 p. 
50 B., CfB nep. 1 p. 80 B. 
A. H. AHHeHOKaH. Anna. PoKam 
PASL A'^Teft. Hsxanie BTopoe. H, 
60 B., Cb nep. 77 b. (Momno nocu- 
laxB noHT. MapBaMH). 
JHHK. MapBiepn. IIporpeccB nayBH. 

n. 1 p. 75 B., CB nep. 2 p. 
8. PeKJIH). BeHIH U J[K)XH. niBeioA 

H HopBerifl.^ I^. 1 p., CB nep. 1 p. 
20 B. 



I. K. BJiyuHJiH. HcTopifl o6n;aro 

rocyxapcTBennaro npaBa n noiH- 

TKBH. Jl'kHSk (eMihcmo 3 p.) 1 p. 50 B., 

CB nep. 1 p. 80 B. BojEBmei ycTyn- 

BH He x'i^aeTCfl. 

J(9K. JIe660Ki». RaBB naxo shtb. 
I^. 80 B., CB nep. 1 p. 

B. A. rojibi];eBT». SaBOHoxaTaiB- 
CTBO H npaBH B% Poccin XYIQ 
B^Ba. I^. 1 p. 25 B., CB nep. 1 p. 
45 B. 
Gh 6jiatomeoptimeMHoU MUMtw: 

nyxB-ffopora. XyxoaecTBenno-jH- 
TepaTypH£[ftc6opHnB'B. (Ha npocTofi 
6yi[ar%). I^. 3 p. 50 b., c% nep. 4 p. 

— (Ha BeieneBofl 6y]iai^). m- ^ P'» 
CB nep. 6 p. 

O. nerepopHi*. CexeficTBo Bpon- 
Te. H;. 1 p., CB nep. 1 p. 20 b. 

Brb soGpuA "^RCTb. C6ophhb%. 
(B% odiojBBi). i;. 1 p. 50 B., CB nep. 
1 p. 85 B. 

— (B-B nepenjert). IJ. 1 p. 75 b., 
CB nep. 2 p. 10 b. 

T. XarrHHOOHrE. Sxpanuft cuhcjcb 
H sencBift BonpocB. M. 1 p., c:b nep. 
1 p. 20 B. 



IIoAimc^mEH «PyccKaro BoraTCTBa», npn noKyiiE'fe khhtb^ 
nojii>8yH)TCfl ycTyHKofi b7> pa3M'J&p'J& ctohmocth nepecujiKH. 

^epesh Konmopy pedantiiu u MocKoecnoe omdfbMuie 
Koumopu MOPtcuo eunucueamh moMKo nuuzn^ oanaHeuuuH 
6h smoMh cnucKfh. 

JlpyzM Kumu eucujaiomcH 6d eudfh ncKJLfOHeuia u ne 
unane^ nmh no uoMunaMHoU M/ihUfh khumhux^ Maeaau- 
Hoez u c^ njiameMOMh aa nepecuAKt/. Bz amoMd CAynarh 
ycmynnu nuuauoU ne dfbAaemcji. 



IIojiHHe 9K3eMiijiflpH a^YpHajia <PyccK06 BoraT€TBO> 

3a 1893, 1894 h 1895 ro^a. 

Il^tHa . 3a ro;!;^: 6e3'B nepec. 8 p., ct nepec. 10 p. 50 k. 

r M M H A3 k1 T bl 

H. TapHHa. 

HsAame pe^^asiuH xypHajia aPycoKoe EoraTCTBO:^. 
TlfiusL 1 p. 25 B., CB nepecHSBoft 1 p. 50 b. 

CKJIA^H H3flAHia: 
B'B neTep6ypFJb— KoHTOpa jsypn* fPyccBoe BoraTCTBO>— BacceliHaui yji., 10. 
B*B MoOKB'Jb — - OTji^enle BOHTopu sypaua cPyccBoe BoraTOTBo» — 
H^iKiiTCKifl Bopora, a. FarapHHa. 

06pamaiotMiecR bb CKJiaAB sa nepecujiKy hb n/iaTATB. 



Kx CB^^Biio rr. nosnHC^KOBX. 

1) noAnEcaBmiecfl Ha sypHaji'B ci» ApCTaBHoH— bl Mockobcromx 
oTAiieHiH EOHTopu «Pyccsaro BoraTCtBa» hjie ^epesi eehxhuo 
xarasHHH — ci oboekh savo6aiiH na HencnpaBHOCTb AocraBSH, a 
TaKse ci saflBieHkHH o nepeidM a^peca diaroBOJiETB odpaniaTEca 
HenocpeACTBeHHO bii ROHTopy pexaKi^E — IlemepSyptz, Eaccettnoji, 10. 

2) XMo6jii Ha EeflcnpaBHocTB AooraBKH, coraacHO othoiBJieHii) otb 
noHTOBaro AenapTauoHTa, HaupaBiflDTCE wb KOHTopy peAaKi^E He 
iioame, KaK'B no noiy^eHin cjAjsjimsfii rheskh sypnaia. 

3) npE nepexiHaxx a^peca e nps BuciuRi AonojLEETejLhmsxh 
BdHocoBi no pascpo^Ri noAQECHoft niaiu, h6o6xoaniio npNiiararb ne- 
saTHuN aApeci 6aHAepoj[H ejie coo6n^aTB ero H. 

4) Dps Raa^oiTB sasBJieHiE o nepeiiiHi a^peca bi npe^lJiaxB 
iipoBEHi](iH cjAfljerb npEJiaraTB 25 Ron. noTroBUHE MapRaME. 

5) npE nepeiitoi ropoACRoro aApeca Ha EHoropoAHutt yniau- 
BaaTGS 1 p.; npE nepeirbsi se HHoropoAnaro na FopoACRoft— 50 r. 

6) nepentHa aApeca AOJisna 6iitb noiyqena bi ROHiopb ho nosme 
10 HMCJia KawAaro ntcaiva, mo6a fijiEssaftmafl REsra sypsaia 6£ua 
HanpaBJieEa no HOBOiry aApecy. 

7) JlEi^a, o6pan^aion^iECfl cb paaHUEE sanpocaME bi ROETopy pe- 
;^aR^iE EiE vb MocROBCRoe OTAi^esie ROHTopu, (SiaroBOJiflTB npEjuaraTB 

HO^TOBUe GxaHRE EJIE MapRE A^H OTBtlOB^b. 



Kx CB^A^Eiio aBiopoB'B ciateit. 

« . 1) Ha OTBiTB poAaRi^iE no noBOAy npEciaHHoft craTbH juMxnsk 
6uxh npEJtosesa no^TOBan MapRa. 

2) Axfl B03BpameHiE o6paTso pyRonEceft EsoropoAEUirb hommeu 
6uTB npEJioxeHu MapRE, copa3xipEo ctoexocte nepeoiURE BaRasHoft 
^asAepoABK). 





ESSMtCflqHUft iHTEPATTPHUfi I HiyqHUt SyPHAll, 
HSAABAEMHd 

H. B. MHxali^oBCKOii m Bj. T. KopojieHKo. 

npoj^oji»caeT6fl npieML noflUHCKH 
Ha 1896 r. 

nOAnHCHAfl U^HA: Ha roA% o% ;rocMBBoi h iiepe<»noft 8 p ; 
6e8i> AocTasKH vh neTep^Tpri n Mogkb^ 8 p.; sa rpanxKy 12 p. 

nO^tllHOKA OPHHMMAETCa: 
Bnb C.-nerepOypr* vh kohtop% STP^ua— i^acceaiiaji yji-, !©• 
B% MoORBlb— VB OTX^eelH KOHTopxi — BmamcKiti eopamaf 

d. FatapuHa. 



IIpu Henoepedcm€cnHOM% o^pduimni $% Koumapff uau a orndtMeuie^ xonj- 
csaoTc pa aopoHKs: ffHH ropo^oRHX'B h HHoropoAHux'B no^- 
miOHHROB'B CTh AOOraBKOft: npH noxmrcsi 6 p. h si l-ny inu 
4 p., siH npH noxnHCKi 6 p. h si l-xf ivufl 8 p. 

ffpynon ycsoBit pasopoHKB bo xosjrcBaerca. 

He ymaTHBnniM'b Hoxiiiiciaiz'& xeeerE f& osHaneE. cpoKo BHCiusa sypeaia 
npexpaiuaeTCfl. 



KHHBCMfiie Maraamoi, xocraBiH^mie noxmcsy, Moryn yxepxHBaTb 
sa BOioaiGciK) h nepecuisy xenerE Tonso 40 xon. (r& Kaxxaro roxoBoro 
BBseiaiuipa. 

noxnacn fb pascpo vy orb khmkhuxi iiaradNHOBB h6 npMNNMaeicfl. 



noxnscHEHB cFycoBaro EoraTOTBa», jmaaTiBode mxBMcayi6 
cyuMj onossa, nonayioTCs ywjmsdL spi BunncKi icBEn wn 
neTep67pro»oi Bosropu Mypsaaa nax wn UDOKosMaro oTX^tsla 

BOHTOp&X. 

Kaxaiorb sHHr& ne^aTaeica vh aasxoft XHnxBi sypnaia na nepBuxi 
CTpaHHAaxB. 



PoAaKTopH: n. EyKOBB, C. nonosi*. 



H. R. IHXAflJlOBIieArO. 

ToiTb I. SCepiBa ciapofi pyccRofi ECTopiH.— AHaiorH^ecEifi Mexo^^B'b 
o6n](ecTBeHHofi sajK'b. — CysAaiBii;^ h cysAaiBCRafl i^mimBb. — 
IIpecTymieHie h saKasame. — BojcbTepi. ^ejioBiK'B h Bojtb- 
xepx MHCjrarejiB. — EcrecTBenHBift xoa'^ Bemeft. Ifthna 2 p. 

To» II. JiHTepaTypflHa saniTKH 1872 h 1873 rr. — ^IIhclmo ki rpa- 
$y OpjiOBy-J^aBm^OBy. — MapKCx nepefl^b cy;iioirB r. JKyBOB- 
CKOro. — ^Tpa^-B BHCMapKi. — ^JI^apBHHHBirB h onepeTKH^O$$eH- 
6axa. I^nna 2 p. 

Tourb 111. (B^ deyxh eiAnycKaxi). SaiiHCBH iipo$aHa.|i][VbMa 3 p 75 k, 

ToiTb IV. Hto TaKoe :iiporpecc'L? — B-b nepeMeaocy. (9ma%o moMa n 
npodamm SoAhwe ufbfm). 

iQMh V. Teopifl ^pBHHa h o6]]iecTBeHHaa HayEa. — BopB6a sa boah- 

BH^aJTBHOCTb. — BOJ[BHHIi;a H no;i;BH»HHRH. IJfbHa 2 p. 

ToiTb VI. 9EcnepHMeHTajiBHHft poMamb. — HCecTOKift xajiaHTB. — Typ- 
roHeBi. — Fjiifii YcneHCKOirB. — ^najoca o ;^ByxB KOHa;arB. — 

^MGKifl BOCnOMHEaHlJl BeJQEHKSX'B JOOJifSXh. — ^TepoH H Tdjoia. 

II,fbHa 3 jp. 
IIosifflC'fflKH «PyCCKaro BoraiCIBa*, npn noKym* 3THxi> 

KHHrB, noJiBsyTOTca ycTynKofl 5(y|o* 

GKia^i]^ H3;];aHifl: RHHHHHft MarasESB A. A. nasa^E^sa, — MocRBa, 

^ypEacoBCKifl nep., fl. 10. 

TOrO JKE ABTOPA: 
Jlesii ToiiCToN. B;. 1 p. 

liUeAPHHv n;: i p. 

t^pumitMecKhe onMmM. jUBaMi TposHuR m> pyccKot fflrepaTypt* TepoS 
. fieBBpeMGHBa. TX. 1 p. 

nPOJiAIOTGff: Bi KoHTopiaypHajacPyccKoeBoraTCTBO*— Herep- 
(5yprB, BacceflHaa ya., 10 h 

BT» 0T;i:6j[eHiH KomopH — Mocraa, HHEHTcm Bopoxa, ji,. Tara- 
pHHa. 

/iNTeparypa h mHSHb. B^ina 1 p. CRj[a;i:L wh RHHmHoirB MaraaHH'b 
JlyKOBHHKOBa — ^HexepfiyprB, JlenrryKOB'B nep. 



yiMTeparypHo- KpMTMHecKifi xapaKTepMCTUKM 
M. A. npoTononoBa. 

B. r. E^JUHCBiA.— Jlesi Tojcto*. — H. B. III6jii7hobx.->Bc6iiojioai rapmrav — 

C. T. AKcaROBi.— A. M. ^eiiqysHSSoFb.— rj[i6i ycneResifl.— 6. M. rftmeni-^ 
coB%.— H. H. SiaTOBpareBlfl.— H. £. JlerponaMOBeBitt (KapoBKHi). 

Hs^^aeie pe^aKi^iH aypnajia sPyccKoe BorarcTBO^. 

Utna 2 p. 20 K., ci nepec. 2 p. 50 k. 1* 



CO^HHEHia 

Bjl r. ROFOJIEHKO. 

OMepKM^H pa3CKa3u.'^KHHra'^nepBaji. 7 HSAame. H, 1 p. 50 r., ca 
ropec. 1 p. 75 K. 

OnepKh H padCKasbi. EsHra BTopaa. HsAanie TpeTbe. U,. 1 p. 50 r., 
cb nepec. 1 p. 75 r. 

B'b roJiOAHUit roAi». HsAanie BTopoe. It. 1 p., ex nepec. 1 p. 25 r. 

Ciitnoit nysuKaHTi*. 9Tiofl:i>. Hs^aHie naroe. It. 75 r. ci> nepec. 90r. 

C K JI A ;t H: 

KoHTopa Kypnaja <PyccKoe BoraTCTBO» — C.-IIeTepfiyprL, BacoeftHaii 
yji., 10 H OTAtjeme ROHTopH acypnajia «PyccKoe EoraTCTBO» — ^MooRBa, 
HHRHTCRiff BopoTa, A- TarapHHa. 

[IIoAnHcqHRH «PyccKaro EorarcTBa)^ sa nepeciuiRy He njraxaTB. 

Kh. Mara3. aypnajia «PyccKaR Mwwib* — MocRsa, yrojrb JleoHTBeB- 
CRaro nep. h Bojn>raoft HhrhtcroB, A? 2 — 24. 

MWiWiHyfuuiHil 

noji.'b peAaRuiefi B. n. 'Ce3o6pa30Ba n npH 6jH3Ra8ineM'B coAUoTBii^ 

BpO^^eccopOBl) M. E. AHApeeBCKaro^ M. M. Top^aKota^ A. A. TpaAOBCRaro^ 0. 6. 
MapreNcai B. M. CeprteBNMa, K). 3. flucoHa, r. A. /leepa, n. B. KanaMOsa b 

e. r. TepHepa. 

BOCEMb TOMOKB. I],iHa 26 py6. 
noAHHC^HKH „PyccKaro BoraiCTBa* n^aTfliTb HETbIPE py6jiR, ci nepec» 
6 py6. 70 K. 

nPOJAETC^: 
Brb nerepOypr* — ^Ronropa aypnaia «PyccKoe BoraTCTBO» — 
BacceflHas yi., 10. 

B"b MOQKB'b — OTAi^eHie ROHTopu acypHaia «Pyccftoe Eotbt- 
CTBO* — HHRHTCRia BopoTa, A- TarapHHa. 

HOBAM KHHTA: 

|]Um0J0rH4lll]Rl£ dTIOJlU 

C. H. K))KaKOBa. 

ToMT* n. U^^BB, 1 p. 50 K., c-B nepeo. 1 p. 76 k. 
06pan^aK)mieoa b-b KOHTopy aypHaaa cPyccKoe EoraTCTBO> — 
n©Tep6ypnb, Baooefinaa ya., 10 julr b'b OTAiJueme KosropH — 
MocBsa, HiiBHTOBifl BopoTa, A. rarapBsa aa nepeciAAKy ne nMmnmh. 

CKJiap;nb napiaHlH: b^b kh. MaraB. M. M OaonaieBHHa — 
HeTepbyprij, Bac. OcTp., 6 jraHia, 28. 



Wb mn OTBEP}KEHHHX^. 

BTopaH ceplH. 



no6trN H nepeafl KpoBb. 

B% nepBuxi> qflcjuax'B msui RaKHMi>-To nyreMi AOcrnrB h31> IIo- 
spoBCKaro pjAHHKa ^o meJiaflcKoft bojibhoh KOMaHAU celBcaiUoHHUH 
^cjijTb uo6trl OAHoro apecxaHxa repeal cxapufl BHpa6oTKH. Gjyxii 
BTon nepemejn* CKopo h b'b crbSBi xiopBMu ii qpesBuqaano b3boji- 
HOBaJii Bce ea HacejieHie. TojiirKO h pasroBopoBi fiujio, hto o 4^ap- 
TOBi(i KpacoTKHHt (TaKi> H HasiiBaicfl 6isaBnii& apecTaHTb). Mnorie 

y^BBJUUlHCB, RaKl 8T0 paHbUie HflKOMJ Bl> TOJIOBJ He QpBXOAHJIO 61- 

saTB repeal ropy. 

— An paHbine ojiumaJii>, — pascKasuBajLi uo^th Ra»Aud stpe- 
craHTb, 6ectA0BaBinifi co mboS o&h 9T0M^ npeAMerh,— ^rro rAi-TO oi» 
ApyroM cTopoHH ropu, fa! kohboa ne ciaBHTca, bhxoa'b octl. TaM'b 
iAab Ha oflTBAeoflTb BepcrB, roBoparb, BBipa6oT&H hattb. TaiTB sa- 
(>jiyAHTBca KoacHO. %o TBoft JL-bcb: to npaMO habtb, to BnpaBo, to 

BA'bBO nOBOpOTflOIB, TO BHHS'B CHyCTHniBCH, TO ODflTB BBOpXl nOJ'6- 

seniB... n BAOJTB h nonepes^ abcatkh KoppHAopoB'B THflyTCH... Oaho 

TOJIBKO: CTpaiUHO SaXOAHTB Aft^eSO. H'i^KOTOpBIfl BUpa60TKH MHoro ys'B 

jItb dafipomeHBi, h xoahtb xyAa cTporo-na-CTporo sanpemaeTca: 
KptuH Bcb crflfljiH — Toro H rjUAH noBajiHTCfl, saAaBHTii; a b'b apj- 
raxi ifbcTax^ soAa, JieAi*. 

OAHaao 6ojiBfflHHCTBO yTBepaAaao, ^rro bhucoat* cb ApyroM CTopoHH 
Bce-TaRfl ecTB, h AyxoBony ^leiOBtKy filataTB mos^o. A noarb Bjia- 
AHMipOBi), [ipocjymaB'B H'bcsojiBKO TaKHXi paacy»Aeflifi, BApyn> uoa- 
HfljicH ci> aapi H 3a6acHJl^ RaTeropn^ecKH: 

— Jl,a H paHBine 6iraiH! 

— KorAa frirajiH? Kto GirajEi)! 

— ^a BOTB 61rajrB. He xot^jih yxoAHTB tojibro cosciifB, noTOMy 
t^eMeiHue 6ujih, a npoxoA'B HaxoAHJiH. Bot'b uojihr'b Uiflci* cb xox- 
jLowb EroBoft aauiJin paai. 3a6pejiEi b% JieAHHOH KoppnAopi h aa- 
6j[yAiU[HCB. CTpaxy ctojibko Haiepn'kiHCB, paacKaauBaja noojrb. Ho 
odMepajEUM-B ji^cTHai^aifB, uyxB »hbbihh, jilajiH. IIpoAporAH, npoHOSJiH 



6 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Bci... H Bflpyn ki bhxoaj npHnuiH... Bmnjra bohi — cMOTpart — 
jiicB KpyroM'B, H i^iUB A&ieKO-AaJieKO bi cropoHi ooxaiaoB. Tasi h 
Morjg[H-6i> yftTH, Ea6u saxoiijiH. Tojoso ohh h6 xor&ra, noTOMj se- 
HaTue 6£LU[, h noiojra ki KasaKaM'B daBcrpi^y. Ti cnauaia npony- 
CTBTB ETb vb i^HB HB conamaJiHCB, a hotom'l EaKi 06'BflCHHJiocb b^ 
^ewb flibjLo, TaKi kohboS npocxo ^hbt ;^ajiGa, HcnyrajKca! 

— ^a He BO cfli ib 8to npHCHUocB leOi, MeAS'&SBe ynmo? — cnpo- 

CBJL'b HaOMinmBO COEOJCBI^eB'B. 

— Sdk^iwb BO cHil CnpooH xoxia Erosy h Hiaca cnpocH. 

— FAi-si fl TenepB cnpomy, koih ohh bi boxocth as^ho? A. 

Te6i-T0 OHH OaMH OKaSUBaJH? 

— JifiL xoTi^ H He caHH... Jijpyrie Bce paBHO cjnimara... yfira 611I 
HorjiH, Ka6u saxoTliH! Tojibeo ohh ho xot&di. 

— To-TO, Ka6H aaxoxiiH. HirB, yaPB mh nojipmjifiwb ly^me, ya- 
HaeiTBy BaKHBTB nyTeiTB KpacoTKEiii fiiasajTB, a eotoitb noB^pHirB 
Te&ky APy^KHH^e. Ka6u buxoah hsi ropu 6uj[h, naqajiBCTBO jiyqine-fiB 
Hainero cb To6oft 3Haio, ^to ohh octb, h Gesi Kapayia ne ooiaBJia- 
J0-6u Hxi BO BpeMfl pa6oTH. H TaE'B nojiaraD. 

CRenTH^ecEilt BsrsaKh CoKOj[Bii;eBa pBBjijfuuuLE FoH^apoBi, H)xo- 
peBi H KPJTie 6iiBajiue e onuTHue judah. Bsru^^ btotb h onpas- 
^aica ^epesi HiKOTopoe BpeHH, Eor^a npnouo Apyi^e, fioaie Bipnoe 
H3BicTie, "^TO KpacoTRHH'B He fitoai'B BOBce, a toibeo npoCoBan oiy 
CHfliTBca Bi ropi, ho, fijiaroAapa co6cTBeHHOfi rjrynocTH, ?epe3'B flBafl- 
i^aTB cyroEi npHHysA^H'B 6urb c^aTBca HawjiBCTfiy. CoEOJUii;eB'B oairB 
npHHecB H8I MacTopcEOft 8T0TB ciyxi* h pascsaaai'B TaEHMi* ofipaaoM'B 
co6paBmeSca BOEpyrb Hero muaHEi. 

— Owb TO^Ho Horb 6h 6isaTB, KpacoTBHH'B, sa6u APy^A ^^ 
ero whcri qejiOB^Ei 6hUi'b. H ero xopomo snaK) a Tor^a^ b-b nepBHtt 
se pa3'B, EaRi) ycitumajTB, noAyMajn npo ce6a, ^xo ne KpaiGOTSHHy-6'b 
o6A^jL3.Th TaEoe ^^0. n ss^yMajKirTO ero ne cam ohi, a pefiaxa 
npeAiosHJiH, cHJiofi no^rm yroBopEJiH, noTOMy anuiEO napna: MOJiOAoft 
coBctM'B, a sa cnaHoS copoEi hhtb jAtl pa6oTH CHAHrb. SaAynaao 
6iijo[o TaE'B. CnparajEH ero bo Bpena paOoxH wb crapBixi Bupa6oT- 
Eaxi), FB oqoHB npespacHOM-B M^CTi, npo EOTopoe ABa-Tpa T0jn»EO qe- 
JioBisa mrb Bceft TS)pBi[u snajiE. TyAa sapante eny Boasaro npoBi- 
aHTy HaTacEaj[H, ^to6i hosho 6ujio ahh Tpa ejih a^^^ ^ersipe npo- 
CHA^TB. SajosEJiiH EaMeHBauH H ymjKH. KonqaiocB pa6o^ee speiia, 
nopa FB TDpBMy hath. Coo^HTajiH Easa^HHiEH apecTaHTOBB, paai h 
ABa coc^HTaiH — uro sa qopTB? H4rB OAHoro. HiirB Aa h ntrB. nonua 
TpeBora. Ben ropy o6iraj[H EasaiHniEH — naqero ne mofjih cucsaTB. 
PtniHiH Bce-TasH i^ina ne cHHHaTB, BUSAaxB: MOseTB 6utb, OffB cnpa- 
Taica FA'b-HHfiyAB, npHTaHJOfca — TaEi paao, mojii, ejih hosaho AO£»ceHi» 
Bce-Ta£H odxacHHTBca. '^acoBue sjiaJitECB e 6o2KnjiHGB, ^ro Hsii v^bxm 
HHEoro He BunycEaiH. Ra6u Eo6£iJ[Ea BOJia ce6a xopomo, a rjiaBHoe, 
Ra6u caH'B KpacoTEEHb ne ApeMajti, bto Bce ne 6:bA&-6B, ^to utim 
lie CEHJIE, noTOuy peOaxa h paHBine Tasi pacnoiaraiH, ^to TpH^^ie- 



Wb lara OTBEPSBHHHXI). 7 

Tupe AHfl Kapayji'L 6j]SfiTb gtoatb. 8tz ahh Haj^o yxo BOCTpo A^pacaTB^ 
cH^Tb cnoxoftHO. B'b nepBj se ho'ib n^aa cotha KasasoBi (tb $o- 
napflMH B'B ropy nonua, Bce o6ucKaia, nepepBTita. Odatb HHHero, ko- 
He^HO, He Hanuai. En^e cyroB'L abo6 nocrofliH, eoctoajih; tjuiab — h 
CHJUH nocTii. PinuiJEH, ^To HacoBoft, jiflJLXEo 6iiTB, npoKapayiHJTB, 
Toro-s'B pasy hbi i^inn BunycTHJi'B. TyrB 6u n MaxHyrB KpacoTKHHy 
Apaia — ^HamE ycnln eicy jneirayTB^ qro poshckh, mojtb, yrHum, npo- 
xoflib CBo6oAHufi. Ojifis^ Bounafl, A^HBrH— Bce y Hero 6sjio. A ohb 
B03BMH, A^BOJIOBl CHWb, E cTpycBl E^e HOieny-TO TpH AHH HpoHy- 
cTHn, ;^kpo]i'B npojiesaJTB. A TyrB, cuoTpH, e npoBiaHrs HCTomjHJicfl, 
1X0 vb sanaci Cbutb. npHmjiocB TacKaiB Ka»;^Ht^ A6hb hsb tdpbmh. 
HpHAyTB yrpoiTB na paCoTy. Hy, ;^yMaI)TB, TenepB, floiaiHO 6htb, 
yineJi'B. Tjuifif> — a ohb Bce en^e jieoHTB. ^to ase th, laKB Te6fl u 
mKii, AtjaefflB? IIoryCHTB cefia xo^emB? — <Eft Bory, epaiipi, ce- 
roAHflniHDD HoqB y6iry. nomeiB 6kjlo ceroAHa, ja;a noKasaJEOCB, sa- 
payiB oQflTB CT0HTB>. BoTB TpyciHBaa BopoHa! A enie hojioaoS na- 
peHB, copoKi HflTB jAtl KaTopFH cjvAjL'b 8apa6oTaTBl H BOTB opo- 
MeacB Ko6ujEEH mopoxi nomejTB. CnepBOHaqaiy-TO ^eiOBtRa Hextipe 
TOJiBEO 8HajiE| BipHHe id^e; 6ojiBmaH qacxB, Kas'B n naqaiBCTBO, 

TOSe AyMaJIE, qXO KpaCOTREHB Ha BOJli A&BHO — lOBH IBTb HOJli B'i^Tpa! 

A TyTB — 8aMiTEjia-j[B EaKan cysa, hto wmj eiiy hoceti bb ropy, 
npoMoarB cefifl menqyrcE, aiE no ApyroMy no qeMy— tojibeo cEopo bce 
TH)pBMa ysnajia, ^to KpacoTKEEi* bi> EHpadoTEaxB cTapBrxi ceaetb. 
A BCE TK>pBHa ysHaia — h mM^EpaxeiE yssaiE e soeboA. BcnoiomE- 
jiECB onflTB — i^lnB nocraBEiE, sapayjoi; crporo cxaiE o6BicKEBaTB 
Bd^xi, qT06u xj[i6a eMy Ee npoEOCEjiE... Mazo Torol Eaxie xet- 
pue meshMa: nenjca no bc^mb EoppE^opairB [;EacHnaj[E, setke npo- 
TflsyjitH. AyMaDTB: eojie ciaEOTB so^bio xoaetb— bo;^ eceetb Em 6i- 
saTB saxoqerB — senpeicisHO cjri^j^j ocTaEyrcE. H AneHi e eo^bd b'b 
ropi saqaiE mapETB. Vaar^ saEys)|A^6 nrryKy y^pajra? He BurEaiE 
apecraETOB'B ee pa6oTy, a aarbcro Toro EasaqEmsairb uojiotke e 6ypH 
AasE. TaKdfi cryKB bb py^^EK'b no^^EEJiE, 6y;i:ro sanpaBCKaH pa6oTa 
HAeTB. Hy, Aa KpacoTKEBB AoraAaica noqeMy-TO, hto — ho^boxb, h 
Ee BumeiTB. HaTepnticE, o^Easo, 6iAHEra crpaxy aa 8te jpe. Oa- 
EaE^u (cEasuBajTB noei'b pefiaTaMB) A^a RasaEHmKa bo BpenE o6u- 
CKa BmoTB noAonuE kb caMOHy xoHy iri^cTy, ta^ ohb sajeEOEceHBRatf- 
EEME 6ujiB. GraJiE, GJ[unIETB,^pa36EpaTB. Oaehi roBopETB APyroMy: 
<CeftHacB se sasoieifB MepsaBqa, kois TyrB OKasercai. Asso aT^*^ 
BB EeiTB BEMepB; BOTB-BOTB yBEAETBl.. BApyTB, EE ero $aprB, TAi-TO 
BAaiE APyrie saspEqaiE: cS^i^B, sa^cb oeb!> Kerb 6pocflTCE TyAa 
AyxE... TasB rposa e nponua memo. Oaeeko nioxo ero a^o cTajio. 
nposocETB yAEBaJiocB TOJIBEO no EpoxoTEOMy syco^Ky xjii^fia, A& H TO 
se EasA^fi AeEB. OroniajiB BOBce. TeMEOxa eb Tony xe, BOSAyxB 
AymEui... Hope ctejee nyxsyxB, i^isra uoEBEiacB... H lyrB ehoS 6u 
<(>apT0Bei^'B cyiiijiB eme BHEpyTETBcal Ha npojiOMB 6h nomejiB! EpEMo 
he qacoBoro-6B hohbd SEEyjicE: noAEapayjrnji'B 6ii, EasB osb aasi- 



8 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

BaoTCfl, CTOHTB ce6i, vb Hocy EOBupfleTi, H Tipwamtrb 6u Ayxa npoKJifl- 
Taro! A KpacoTSHHi Morb tojibko BOKpyrB a^ okojio xoahtb, a he Ha 
?T0 He pimaicfl. Pasi HacM'6jg[ii'b 6buo, nomeji'B... ^a xaiTB hbocto- 
posHO BUcyHyjicfl, qio ^acoBoft jBHAan: Buorpin a^utb, saRpfl^an! 
KasaRH Ha6isajHt HacHJiy hofh jbojeok'b. Ilocit loro ovb h coBctirB 
opo6ijrb, Biuri^Tb hbi cBoeft HOpu nepecran. BoBce pasHenorca. 
cCMepriH BHAHo, jj^jMaerB, npexcroHTB TenepB>. Pasi lesirb ofb xa- 

RHITB MaHepOMl, B^pyrb CIUmHTB — HJIfiTb KTO-TO, UpOMeaPB KaMHOft 

npo6i[paeTCH. Mejme RaMeniKH na^aiOTii. Botb ri caifoify ri Heny 
iroAomeJTBy h bb TeMHOit poBHO cBiTJile ciaio. Ctohtb nepOAx hhitb, 
RaRi eoTB^ ^eioBi^R'b — he BucoRift, HE HESRift, CB ciAoft 6opoARo8. 
«Th ^3;r6cB?»— cnpafflBBaoTTi. — «3fltcB»,— oTBi^aerB KpacoTREH-B.— 
<^TB xoqeiiiB?»— f niHfiRO, roBopHTB, xoqy».— €A xojuojHO Te6t?» — 
«3aR0TOHijrB bocb*.— «Hy, noroAH, roBopEiB, MaieHBRO, Jier^e cra- 
HeTB>. CRasajTB — h cjiobho vb seMjuD npoBajiHJiGii, HeBE^EirB crajTB. 
A eMy H To^Ho lerqe ceimcB se c;^aj[0CB: TOiO]p> nponan h 6jKro 
TCnJTOlTB OTRy^a-To noTHHyjio... 

— Ha ;^py^ofi aohb hocjA xoro (sto na ^^eBarna^i^aTHft yai jtenB!) 
KpacoTRHH'B npEMO ofiiiaBHjgti peGaxaMx, qro AUBme lepniTB ne btl 
cEJiaxi, H ecAH He npHAynaDTB cpe;(CTBa BUBecTE ero SHBoro, laRi 
0HT> caiTB BH8;^e^B — nycxafi y6HBaDrB. Hto lyrB fliiaTB? CRaaaiH 
cTapmeHy HaASEpaxejiio (xopomifi, rOBopETB, qejioB^RB A^a samero 
6paTa): xaRi h xaKi, mojh, ^ejioBiRy ciiepTB npeAcroETB^ noiOMy Ra- 
3aRH 6e8iipeir6HH0 yfiBDTB, RaRB toibro ohb iioRaseTCfl,-^o6o3JieH£i 

CHIBHO; HBEXe 6oSeCRy]D MHJEEOCTB, IipHMHTe HO^TB CBOD 3amHTy. Ha 

yrpo OHi> nomeJTB cb pe6flTaHH fb ropy, o^'i^rB RpacoTREHa Vb BOja»- 
HyD o;^e3Ry h voBejL'b HeBaMiTSO au RasaqHineRB. Kto 6iiijrB Ha IIo- 

RpOBCROM'B, TOTB SSaerB B^AB, ^TO py^HERl TaiTB COBCtMB EOAJri 

TiopBMU, H i^HB pascTaBJifleTCfl AsuEeRO-AaieRo RpyroirB... KaRB noAomiH 

OHH R'B BOpOraMB — XyTB TOIBRO ^Ba MOJIOAHXl DOOTaCRa CMeRHyiE 

B'B qeMB A'bio. KaRB cyMacmeAinie^ MeraTBCH 3aqaiH ly^a, cioAa, sy- 
6aMH n^ejiRaiQTB, ho SHanrB mro ji^axB. cCHiftre tojtbro naiBnieMii 
TpoHyTBl» — apERpERHyji'B Ha HHX'B OTapmift HaA8EpaTej[B: — ccxporo 
oTBtqaTB 6yAeT6>. KanyjrECB noA^acRH bb Rapaynnufi aoitb — Bs6b- 
saJEi OTTy^a BecB RapayjTB cb pysBSME. BenpeirtHHO y6Ej[H-6i» Kpa- 
coTRHHa, HH Ha qTO-(h» HO HorjiHA^H, ^ft Bi» dxy HEHyxy A6xypHHft 
Bopoxa ycnijiB pacxBopsxB h BxoiRnyxB ero bo abop'b. TaRia ocxa- 

JKHCB Rasa^HniRH (TB HOCOMB, pySBHMH TOJIBRO n0rp03E£ECB CRB03B pt- 

mexRy a^. nopyraiHCB bcji^A'b. Boxb tAjs^ SB^pBe RaRoe! 

— RasA&ro esb ext* a&bhxb h^ao, jsjxovb oRaHHHux'B! — noA- 
xBepAHJiE cjiymaxejiE, rj[y6oRo B3B0J[H0BaHHHe pascRasoMi) Corojib- 
i^esa. 

KpaooxRHHa xose pyraiH na Bci^RopRE. PasoqapoBame 6fiU0 noji- 
Hoe. XoTs HAefl nostra qepesB ropHUH Bupa6oxRE h ho niriJia hh- 
RaKoro cMucjia bb Rpome^HoirB BleiaicRoifB pyAHERi, rAt o6mHpH£ui 

BUpa60XRH CXapUXl> BpeHOHl naXOAHJlHCB JIfiJLQKO OXB HUHilHHHXl, 



^0 wb apecTaHTCsofi ]ijmi 6iijiE paaOyseHU axofi Hcropien caHus sa- 
vbtEoa. qjBGTBa, 3a;i;tTU cauHfl tonhmui CTpyHH... Ki tomj se Bocna 
tiHJita yse vb uoiuowb pasrapi: sa bhcoroS TupeHHoft orpa^ofi se- 
jieHiJiH RpacHBUH oonRH, CjnaroyxaJiH i^BiTU h A^peB&fl... Bee naiio- 
MBHaio BOJi'ib, SII3HH H cqacTiH, H cep^i^e y Kas^aro My^HTeJKBHO 
VHJLO... Ho CtacaxB esi nieiaficKofl tdpbhu, TaK^B sopEO ofieperaeifoii 
mecTHrjoasuiTL, 6ujlo neJierKO, h camie j^epasie ciriuiB^aKH npeAno^H- 
lasH BBiSHAaTb 6jg[aronpiaTHiixi o6cTOflTej[BCTBi>, Me^xajEH o npe^sa- 
pHTejiBHOH'L nepeBOA^ vb Apyne py^HBRH. 3a to ci> na'^ajiOM'B a'&th 
Ha^aiHCB MaccoBue nofitrn h31i BOiBHOft ROMaHAU, aa ROTopofi ne 
6wio noHTH HHRaRoro saAsopa. 

IIpeacAe Bcero CKpujHCB noBapi b RyxapRa caicoro Jly^esapoBa. 
noosiAHiS CHapflAHJi'B sa hhhh noroHD hsi nicROJiBKHXi HaASHpa- 
Tejiefi H EaaaROBi; ho TpexAHOBHue noECRH He npHBen hh ri> ^OMy, 
H opeortAOBaTeJEH BepnyjiHCB c^ nycrsiMH pyRaMH. E^Ba ycntio 
yjieqBCfl BOJineflie, npoHSBeAeHHoe vb TDpBui bthitb nepBUMi no6t- 
roHl, RaRi Hcqeai apecTanrB, 6uBmift jg[D6HMi^eM'B JlyqesapoBa h 3a- 
HHMaBnii& Bi ero ROHTopi aojishoctb nnci^a. Ci hhm'b BMicri ymia 
6poAflSHTB H cecTpa seHH PaRHiBHa, A'^BO^Ra ^eTupnaAi^s^TH jAr-b. 
Ha aroTB pasi 6paBHft mTa6c'B-RanHTaH'B caHOJHqno OTnpaBHJiGa bi 
noroHD, nojuyqHB'B otb RaRoro-TO hsi apecraHTOBi cBi^^me, ao Ka- 
ROMy HanpaBJieHix) yAapHJiHCB ftbrjiei^f. PascRasuBajEH, 6yAT0, yte- 
2RaH, oHii XBaJiBJDtcfl, ^To npBBeAeTi> HEcapfl HaaaAi*, shbofo hjih 
MepTBaro. 

«— HniB BiAB acnHAT> RaRoAI — TOjotROBaiH MeacB co6o£ apecTan- 
TH,— noqeMy bi Apyrnxi pyAHHRaxi ne B3HpaH>TB na to, hto h3t> 
BOJiBHoft ROMaHAU 6iryTB? HaqajiBCTBO 3a nee Bijff> ne OTBtqaeTB. 
Hahto ce6% rojiy6qHRE, na Bct qexupe CTopoHu, xotb bc^ pa36']^- 
rafrrecB! 

— HoTOHy qTO owb anift mecTHriaaiiS n mecxHroJcoBHi, — opaxop- 
cTBOBaii noj[ycyMacmeAmift b oaaofijieHHuft ^eSpeeRi, — ohii poBHo so- 

JIOTOM'B AOPOSHTB HamHM'B fipaTOJTB. POBHO MU dpaTBg OMy pOAHUO — 

xaR'B AopoacHTil CnaxB 6ewb nacB, icTB cnoROfiHo ne MoserB. B'I^R'b 6u 
He pascTajicfl oh'b he cb oahem'b apecTanroM'B. GepAn;o ero paAyexcB, 
RorAa ROMy isi ESffb cpoRy HafiaBHTB. Hoqeiiy nacB sa CaxajiEH'B 
He nycTHJiH? HoTony owb ne xorfeji'B SToro. Ya^ h snai), qTO sto oh-b 
He xoTiAi. Caiii 3a CinwiTy apecraHTOicB norHajucH — rAi sto be- 
AaHo? KaRoS CuiaropoAHuft HaqajBHERii bo BHHMaHie TaRie nycTHRH 
BOSBHOTB? Hy, jifik nyn^afi norbmHTc;!, RpoBymRH Hameft HaaBOTCH, 
nymafi! IIpHAeTB RorAa-HH(3yAB e ero ToqKa... Ysi fl snaD, qTo 
npHAorB! HpH-AOTB! 

H, BHTHHyB'B pyRy, atefipeeRi TopinecTBeHHO noAHHiiaji^ ynasa- 
saxeJiBHBift nepcTi) ri nefiy. 

noxBaiBtfa JTyqesapoBa oRasajiacB, oAnaRO, HanpacHoS. Eny cb 
RasaRaHH npHXOAEJiocB "i^xaxB no npo'bs»ett Aoporb, a 6irjiei(H HoriE 
«ATH CTopOHoft, qepeai xafiry, HMta nepoA'B coCoft ao<»trh AoporB, h 



10 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Aase nocMiEBaxBOfl Hax'B bhm'b HBj^ajHE. APT^^ ^^^^ J^^ — jifiLSLhwhi- 
inifi njTb, TAt bi» 30 — 50 BepcTaxi OTb EleiatosHX'B conoBi Haqn- 
HaiHCL meAmifl bbjiotb ao ?btu h ji^uhme vosaa. crenE, noKpHTua 
Kasa^HHH cTasBi^aHE. Tan p^jsjs,o somj jAaeTCfl npofixE, e m-bjifi- 
CETROBi fl corewb 6iv3ieiifiVbj sanpaBJumn^Exca sasAoe Jii^TO e8% 
Boix^ py^HHEOBi, TOUKO seMHorEiTb y^aeTCE npo6paTbcfl sa ^epry 
Hep^scKaro KaxopaKEaro pafioHa. EojiBmESOTBo oiuitb nonaAaeicfl bx 
pyKH BJiacTet. ^ie Klei^CEEXi GkvjEOB'b 6uj[o cqacTBeirB, Bnpo- 
^eM'L, fl TO, ecjKE fliTb jAaBajcocB nonacTB nocii eoehke bi oxsy flsi 
jipyrBM TDpeMii. 

mecTEFJitasufi Bepflyicfl ebx CBoeS seyAaHsoS notsAKE aioft e 
TOMEHft, KaKi so^B. Ko6£UiKa B-L TdAwb AyHifl JiEROBaja E Bi TiopBirb^ 
H BT» BOJiBEot BOMasA'i^. Hsx nocjat^AHefi no6irE npoAOJisaiECB ^yrB 
He eseAHeBHo: ocraBajiECB sa xicrb tojtbro ceiieiiEue, Aa Ti, y Eoro 
cpoK'B GOBcimb yace cKopo EosqaicE. PascRasuBajifl, tto k^b 8T0uy 
ace BpeMSEE JlyqesapoBii nojiy^En HenpiflTHBui aj^e Eero 6yiiarE cb 
BuroBopomi sa flSJEEiHifl ipaTu no ynpaBjreHiK) IIIejiaJIcKEMi pyAHS- 
KOMI, ^To se 6iuifl yTBepsA6su xasse npeACTaBieESBui nirb ciiiTH 
Ha EOBiie pacxoABi, otqacTE yse CAiJiaEHue emi ebi coficTBesEaro 
KapHaEa. He seed, npaBAa aro 6£ua eje jioskb, eo TaKEHE HMesHO 
cjyxaEE cxapaiHCL o6'BacEETB nepeiffaEy, saMiqeHEyD axoft BecEoft wb 
J[yqe3apoBl. He cmotpe sa Bci cboe rpoMH e MOjmiE, owb npeAcraB- 
jTEJicfl Ao CHXX nopi Hej[0BiE0Mi> poBsuHT., BceFAa OAEsaEOBO rpo8- 
HHHi> Cb apecTasTaMH, cnoco6HMH'B AepsaxBCfl bi pauRax'B cxporoft 
baEosEOCTE. ^aso nocjii ocRopfijieEiE, noiy^eEHaro otb inaxi>-JIatfaca, 
OEii se noAA^CE ^yBCTBy jiE^Earo o3yio6jiieEifl e orpaHE^mjicE KapB;e- 
paHE, aanopoM'B Ranepi sa saicKE, cioBecEUME yrposaHE; xenepB ohx 
npoEBHJTB BApyn coBepmeHEO BOByro, cKpBrryi) paHBme, 'lepxy cBoero 
xapaKxepa, ^BCxo-pyccKyi) ^epxy — cnocofiEocxt t sapHBaxBca*. B-b 
xH)pBMy OEii EBJiEjicfl Bi nociiAHoe Bpesfl o^esB p^AEO, EO AO HaCTB 
xo H mbzo AOHOCHJiBCB cjyxE noABHraxt ero sa boje*. Tain> Offt 
pBaii) E MexajLi. IIpesAe Bcero npEOiJiocB mB'h^B.Tb ero pasApaa^esie 
apecxasxaMt, puBmsicB KasaBy noAJit XDpBUBr; emi cxaiH saAaBaxB 
HeEMOBipso 6oJSbinie ypoKs, no^xs no sy6HqecRofi casess bi a^hb 
sa qeioBtRa, saduBas, qxo Raxopssue se saoMHue pa6o(iie, y roxo- 
puxi E Jiyqmas nsn^a, s CoABme (|)H3EqecR0fi ceih e spaBcxBessott 
6oApocxE. nocjii stcROJiBREX'b AHcfi HOAoSsoft pa6oxu, saqaiH ocia- 
6'bfiaxB caiiue cHJiBHue. MaiieHLRaro JlysBROBa xoBapflniE npEsysKAOHH 
6uj[E 6ocoro BuxacREBaxB e31 rjiHSscxaro AHa RaHaBBi, bi RoxopoH'b 
xaRx BE3JIH canorE, qxo ex'b BupyGajis noxoMXsejiteEiiiMExonaTaHfl... 
He Bupa6axuBaBmflM'L nojisaro ypoRa yMesBmaiE sa Qxbfljmm\9L aohb 
nopi^iK) MEca e xjiitia e see xaRE npERasuBann haxe sa pa6oxy. Sa'I^cb 
apqe Bcero o6HapymHjracB A^nieBESsa rkxi> es'l apecxasxoB'B, Roxopue, 
o6jiaAaH uispoREM'B ropxoH'B E HBaBCRoft pe^yxa^ieft, 6ujlh xpa6pu h 
cirbjEu jiEHiB Ha cjcoBaxi. TenepB, RorAa Aomxo ao A^A) oee 6ueh 
xsme BOAH, sHace xpasu e, rerx bojibi, xEsyjirHCL mi> trusi*, jihiiib 



r 



Bl Mm OTBEPaEEHHUX'L. II 

6ii He nporsiBHTB crpaniBaro IIIecTHrjiasaro. 3a to JlyHLSosi, cfiepxi 
ofin^kro osH/iaHia, noEaaajTB, qro owb bobco He xpycrb. BH6HBmHCb 
o^HasAU ^3*^ CHJ'L, oHi ofipjraJi'B npHCTasaBmaro rii Heuy HaABHpa- 
1QJL& H oTnpaBHJEca vb Kapi^epB. UlecTHriasHfi pacnopaAHJicfl apecro- 
BaiB ero na HicHi^x ex saKOBaHisH'B vh napy^HH h OT^aqeft hoa'b 
cyA'B. To& xe yqacTH noABeprca BCKopt TOJieraK'B Horafti^eB'B. Kap- 
ii;epu Bi dTH AHH He nycTosajiH. IIo cjnyiaui, JlyqesapoB^ 6yineBaJii 
H y ce6H Ha Aony, coficxBeHHopy^HO pacnpaBJiflflCL cb npHCjiyroft. 
HicKOdiBKo HaASHpaieiefi, BOo6H];e TpycHBrnHXii ero 6ojiBnie cannxB 
apecTaHTOB'B, Taiuse noABeprincL yAaJieHiD, BuroBopaiTL h mrpa^aii'L. 
B^ TDpbMi ch TpenoTOMi osHAam noa^jieHui ero Ha BevepHHxi no- 
Bipsax-B, CyAy^H yBipenH, ^to npoH8oflA«TB ito HHCyAB cTpamnoe. 

Bet npHTaHJDLHCL^ TOWO Vb OSHAaHiH 6ypH... n 6ypfl, AtfiCXBHTeiBHO, 

paspasHJiacL, xoth h ho cb xofi cToponu, OTsyAa en acAajiH. 

BepnyBinHCB OAHasA^ bb'b pyAHHKa, a ycjiuxaji'B hoboctb, otb 
ROTopofi y neHH caHoro hoakochjihcb hofh, h bch KpoBB npaxjiuHyita 
KB cepAi^y..- TojiBKO HTO 6wn> noABeprnyi'B secroBOMy HaEaaami) 
podraMH Kynep'B JlyqesapoBa CajmaHOB'B, h ero pa8AHpaDI^ie Ayniy 

KpnRH dSJUH flBCTBOHHO CJIUHIHU BO ABOpt TDpBHU H A^^O BB tiOIB- 

HHi^t. CajsManoB'B 611x1 xopomo hh^ snaKOMHfi RHprns'B, anBrnifl wk- 
cKOJiBso ificHi^eBBBB IQejiaJIcKofl TnpBMl, HeyKiDBEii MeAB^AB, orpoM- 
Baro pocra, cb 6e3o6pa8HB[MB m^owb, napuTBUiB ocnoft, e pojeocom^, 
noxosHH'B Ba poBi SBtpfl, HO 3a TO Vb Buomefi cxeneHH Ao6poAyni- 
Huft H ^ecTHufi. ^ase He nofinsniie RsprfiBOBi apeeraHXEi yAHBflJuscB, 
yciiHxaBB^ ^TO TaRofi ^eJioBiR'B o6BHHfleTGfl Bii Rpast AByx'B xoMy- 

TOBB. BHOCJltACTBiH BHHCmUOCB, ^TO BOpOITB 6UJI'B ApyTOd apOCTaHTB) 

y»e OROH^HBHiifi cBofi cpoRB, HO AOSHAaBHiiflcfl en^e HasHa^eHifi bo- 

JSOCTH. Bee 8T0 HOSHO 6u 6HJI0 BUHCHHTB BB TOTB SCO AOHB HpH MSJIO- 

HaJiBCRH cnoRofiHOHB pascjTfcAOBaHiH A'^^ HO JlyqesapoB'b nocntniHJi'B 
OTAatBCfl nepBOfi 6tmeH0& BcnumRt rnlBa: owb HeiieAfleHHo BOJiiJiB 
HaRasaTB CajiManoBa posraMH hoa'b ORHaMH cBoefi RaHi^eJUipiH. IXa- 
JBaqH-Ra8aRH Gbjih gesnoo^aAHO-cBHptno. Ilocjit TpHAii;aTE yAapoBB, 
JlyqesapoBB bhiuojib na rphjibi^o h cnpocBJi'B y Ry^epa, RyAa ohb 
AtA'B xoMyTN. HecqaoTHufi REprHS'B noBaiHJica bb hofh, ho OTBixa 
AaTB He HOPB^ TaRB RaRi caMB HHqero ne snajotB. BpaBHfl niTaficB- 
RanHTaHB ymejiB, npHBasaBi npoAOJisaTB HaRasanie. Ilocjit xpHAi^aTH 

HOBUX'B yAapOBB, OH'B OHHTB BUmeil H3B ROHTOpU, OIIflTB SaAUIB 

TOTB se BonpocB H, OHHTB HO nojiy^BB^ HERBRoro OTB^Ta, omo pasB 
MaxHyjiB RasaRaHB pyRott. dra secTORaa oufiEO, npoAOJisajacB qoTHpe 
pa3a noApflAB, h CaraaHOffB caMi roBopnjTB mh^ BnocjitACTBiE, qTO 
noayqHji'B Bcero 134 poarn, TOrAa RaRt «no BHCTpyRitiE», Micrnaa 

aAMHHHCTpai^ifl EMiJia npaBO HaRaSUBBTB C06CTBeHH0ft BJiaCTBK^ JIEHIB 

CTa yAapaHH. 06jiEBaBniidcfl RpoBBio, CaiManoB'B oTBeAeHnb 6h[jn> uocjit 
8Toro Bit TiopeMHHi Rapi^epB, 0TAaH^ noA'B cyAB e no BCTeqeHiE ai- 
cfli^a nocaseH'B bb oGn^yio Raifepy. Kt> cqacxiio, HeBEHHocxB ero ofina- 
pysHiiacB BCRopt caMa co6oh), e ero cHOBa BHnycxniiE bb BOJiBHyio 



pyCGKOB BOrATCTfiO. 



K0MafiA7. Ao6poAyniHufi h xpycjDtHBijft AHKapb ne nocBrbn saiOBaTbCff 
aa caMOBOJiLHyio pacnpaBj ci hhuii, h ;^o 8to TaKi h 6&uo npe- 
AaHO safiBemi). 



XXVIL 

OcMHOBoe BoTano pasBecejiflerb MOHfl. 

KaKi coiHi^e He GBisaeTi 6e3i> itHH h RO^R Cesi yTpeHHeft 3apH, 
T^Kb H Bi» SH8HH Tparsuoe H ysacHoe novsE Bcer^a ctoatb piiAOMi> 
CO cMimHUM'B H BecoJiHirb. HicKOJiKKo ABoft cnycTfl nocii HcropiH 
CB CaiMaHOBUjfB, pasHeccfl no TDpbM'b ciyxi, 6yAT0 PakHT&fi'B ao 
nojgtycMepTH HCEycajn'B syfiaxH cbod seny: ecu 6u He coctAKa, no- 
6taaBmafl .HeiieAJieHHO Kh crapmeMy naASQpaTeix), 6a6t KOHen,!! 6h 
npHnieJi'B. Be^epoirb xoro se aha, nocjit noBipBH, sarpeirbrL saMOKi 
B'b Hamei KaMepi, ABepb oTBopniacB h na noporb noasHJiGji PasH- j 

THHi> CL Ben^aME. 

— Hame noHTenie^ crapHRH^ — pasBasHO o6paTHJ[ca ki nsjtb Pa- 

KHTHffb. 

KoCBiJRa paAocTHo aaroroTajia. 

— nonajicfl, rojtyfiqHKi! CEopeHLKo! Hy, paBCBasuBafi, Gparb, 

RaRl) H 3a ^TO? 

Tyiii PaBHTHfl'L noHeci TaEyD ^enyxy, tto poBHo HH^ero HeabSJi 
6iuo noHflTb. Bx OABy Ky^y cBajiHBajii ohi> h xatHyio ToproBAto bh- 
HOMi*, Bi Roxopofi niecxHrjiadHft 6yAX0 6h noAOSptBajii ero, e no- 
&brb cBOAieHEiiu ci> nHcap6iii>, e cbesb Map^u, xohbi cBoeft, ci> 
dXEMi »e caMHM-b EHcapeMi, e iiopxi> sHaexi eme ^xo. 

— A npaBAa-JiE, ^xo aeny xo bu ECRycam, PaRHXEHT»? 

— nOII^flDajIl> HOHHOSRO, IlBaHl HSROJiaeBfl^'L, ^XO BipHO — TO 

BipHO. ^a isAKb se fl B6 ECRycaxL 6BIJI0 noAJnyn? bI^ab OHi rojio- 
ayniRy moid saRpyxEJifll b^ab oHi a^bho ysi* co6HpaJiECB MesH b'b 
xiopBMy yapaxaxB! 

— Kxo OHt? 

— Jl^a Bce OHt me: Mapij^a-acena e ^oiiHa, cecxpa soHHHa, tto 
c-B nEcapeifi xo c6i»aj[a. BiA^ ecjE 6u ssaJiE bu, ^o BUAiJ^Bajra 
OHt, RaRi cepAe^ymRo Hoe pasApasajiH... KpoBB bo HHt npocxo rh- 

nflXROMli no SEJtaM'B BOIHOBaJIE! 

— Hxo-arB offb xaRoe At^aiH? 

— 9xT»! BCD HoqB roBopflXB — He uepecRaKeniB. ^omh4 — ^xpEHaA- 
^axB jrhxi Bcero A^B^OBRt. Ox^a, MaxepB HtxB — CEpoxa Rpyrjiaa. SL 
ee npiioxEJti, a ee oa^jtb, RopMBJii), hoe.i'b. H RaRofi Hce 6jiaroAap- 
HocxE, HBavB HEROJiaeBHH'B, ji,0JBi]ifiLJLca!f SntK) JiDxyD oxorptjni Ha 
rpYAE cBoefil Crojlbro xBxpocxH h j[EQ.eutpifl b'b Hefl, noAJOfl, xaajiocb, 
uu He noBtpExe. KorAa a B'B xiopBii'b eo^e CEAtjrB, cnpamEBaio pasi. 
Map<j[)y, qxo jiiiJLB»7% ^oiraa. «AoMHa fiojBme ixeHieMi, roBopExi>, aaft- 
Myexca. Bce 3a OBaHAeiBeft CEAExnb».A ona xo^o rpaHOXHaa y Hacb, 



Kb HlPb OTBEPSEHHHX'B. 13 

^OMHa TO. Hy, 8to xopomo, jsjuuto. Botb BumejrB a na boju), HBaa'L * 
HHKOJiaeBHTB, BEsy: ;i;:bfiGTBHTejn>HO, 3a ^enieM'B ,2(0MHa ch^htb. ?to 
TBI ^HTaemB, cnpameBaH), ^ouHyniKa? «Bo«ecTBeHHoe, OTBi^aerB, 
6paTen;^». Mb* 6h caMOMy Tor;i;a ace npoBipBTb ee, norj[flA*TB bx 
KHB»Ky TO, noTOHy Maio-uajio bh nay^HiH yaiPL HapaKOBaTB Menfl, 
HBaHT, HHKOJiaeBHq'B. Hy, tojibko neAOcyrL Bce 6iW0. BHmei'B bto, 
sHaere, na bojik), RpyaeHBe rojiOBU HlKOTopoe nomjio — ][o nayKE-jib 
TyTB. Hy, a KaK'B frhsajia-TO ona... cb nEcapeirB 8temi> npoKiflTUM'B, 
HT0611 eiiy KEmKE ^eiAOHU nsi syrpa BBiAaBHiHl — e e j^omorshcb 
Bl EHB8CKH BE SarJIESyTB. '?T0«3R'B 6u BH AyMajsE, HBaEl HEKoiae- 
BRm>, Kasifl KSESKE? Bee npo j[]o6obb, ;^a npo judSobb onflcaflo, TaRoe 
Boe, ^To H se rose BOBce A^BKaMi HExaTB. Bto nscapb, SEa^sTB, 
TacRBJi'B eft OTB saASEpaTejed, ;;a on MoflaxoBa poMasBi pasEue. A 
osa KaRifi njjijt OTJiBBaia MEt: 6osecTBessoe, roBopBTB, oBasAejibe, 
Aa 6B6jiiE! Bort ^ito TeMEOxa to flama aBa^ETB! ^to SEaqBTB, rojih 
vb TyECi to Eaini ROjnjBaECRift sE^ero, spoMt npocTOREmE, eo sa- 
jkbto. BesnpeMlEso TeaepB CTasy y^ETBCE y BacB, HsaBi HEROiae- 
BEH'B, Bit EayKy xoqy 6ednpeMtsHo yrjiiu6ETBCfl! 

— noqeMy se y64sajra otb BacB ^oMsa? 

— a Be cTOjn^RO ee bebk, HBaEi* HBROjaeBEqi, noTOMy poCflqift 
erne yMi^ y ji^B^oisaiiL, orojibro ero, Epo^oBO ciHE^ EEcapE SToro npo- 

RJIETarO. B^AB OEIi SeiUrER'B MSt, E npiETeJDE MU Ch EEITB 62IJIE 3a- 

RaABmiflue, ao nocjiiAHEro qacy APydi>fi EeoTptiBsue... Bh se nOB'b- 
pETe, Haafl'B HEROjiaeBflqi), — cRasai'B PaRETEsi, noEEsas rojroci m 
moflOTa: bIa^ e se... Erop-B se AjieRGieBi» e r% Eo6i^TO eronoA- 
fotobea'b! Si fl cyxapeft OHy Eacynrnjn Ea Aopory e ApyrEXi^ npEnacoBi 
EaAaBaii... A obi — ^botb BiAi>, RaRyx) MaxEEy noABeorB hoa'b neEa! 
ApecTaBTU saxoxoTaJiE. 

— ^a TH qero-s-B saJitemB ee, AtBqoEEy to? — cBpocBjn> ^poRi: — 
ajiB caMi Ea Bee MtTEJii? Hto oEa, poABaa Te64, ^to-m? Ynijia— e 
ABEBOJii CB fleS, jiEnmift poTB oi moE aojioA! Oco6jibbo osojie ra*^ 
ABsa TaRaa iE]][eiiipflaE. 

— HyAaR'B TH, RysBua, npaso, qyAaRi! A qTo6u th sairbjn, Rafisi 
y Te6fl canosRE EiioBeJieBH yTam^jia crepBa, iny6Ry sa roiosrojio- 
BOM'B Mtxy, ABaAn;aTB pyCiefi AOEerB... BbA^ sajiRoI Kpobehe hoe 

A6EeSRE. 

— Hy, 8T0 Ee BpE. OrRyAa OEt b8jie.iecb y Te6fl? Map(|>a boa- 
Roi saToproBajia, a se tu. 

— 9to, OparB, Bce paBEO. ^to My«B, hto sesa — OAEa caTaEa 
KaRi se Ee sejiaTB MEt eft, cTepBesRy, rojiOBy OTopsaTB? 

— Ho Bce-TaRB, a bo BOBHMaH), PaRETEBi, sa HTO BH Map4>y-T0 
ECRycaiE? 

— 3a TO, VLhdkWb HEROJiaeBEq'B, qTO osa, saB'bpsoe, 3Haia, noA- 
Jiaa, o&b cfiopaxii cecipH 6isaTB. Bes^ sroro EERaRi He ofioniJiocB. 
fl qejioBisi RaseEEUft, c% yTpa ao Beqepa Ba pa60Tt, a osa bocb 
AesB AOMa. 



14 PyOGSOE BOrATCTBO. 

— Hto bh roBopHTe, PaKHXHffBl HeyaeiH Map^a ca^a yqacTBO- 
Bajia B'b noKpast y ceCfl Bem,e& h AeserB? ^ h uona-n 6fii ona 
corflacHTbCE Ha uo&brb po^Hofi cecrpu, noqiH en^e ^tBO^SH, ci> Ka- 
TopacEHMi 6poAflrofi, KOTopnt MoxeTL ee o6HAiTb, y6HTB Horpa6BTB? 
SKeE^ y BacB, roBoparL, xopomsA seH^HHa. 

— 9x'B, HBaHi> HHKoiaoBHH'Bl Hd^ero to bei bi HameifB 6urj 
Be noHHHaeTe, HHqero ne snaere... HsBicTHoe a'Iueo, ?to bu BcerAa 
ary SHtHHyn nopo^y san^Hii^aTb roTOBu! 

— MojiOjOiei^, Eropsa! S^opoBo yKycHjrB MHEOJaHqa... XoT&pasi 
sa npaBAy HCTHHHyH) mojibhjii... ^ymsTB hx^, TBapDPB, na^o, bo^x-b 
eea-L paaSopy ^yniHTfc! 

— KoneHHo, Ha^o, — otfoApHJca ernfi Cojrte PaKHTHEt, yAapaa no 
cToiy KyjuaKOMi*. Ero otohb o6paAOBaj[o, ^T0 co^BOTBie apecTaHTOBi^ 
He^aBHO cHiflBnnxGfl HaA> hbhi, Ha^ajio, bhahmo, nepexoAHTB Ha ero 
CTopoHy. 

— Ah paHBHie, HBaHnb HiKOJiaeBH^x, sairlqarB aa ei xam npo- 
AiiKH, ^To efl jsfiLBEO 6u FOJioBy cBopHyTB na^o. H Bce npon^an. 
Pa3Bi HOBHAai'Bfl, HanpHvlp'B, RaiTB oHa ci rkwb se nncapeirB caHa 
jnofioBB EpyTHJia? H lasoft to, h oflRoft to y Haci> ^opkhaohtb HBa- 
HUHi), H cyxoft H HOMasaHHuft, to to, to APyn)e ^opMHAOHry HBa- 
Huqy noAapHTB Ha^o, t^itb to yrocTHTB na^o... 3a hhoS, sa HyseirB 

CBOHITB pOAHtflTB, TaROFO yXO^y HO 6KU0. A J7Bi% Eropi JEEvPaKHTHHl* 

Bii rpHSB jHi^oiTB nope^'B AopMHAoniRoi y^apHTB? Birh, eft He xo- 
qeTGfl, inRypi, no aaKOHy shtb! SanpeTHBift hjioai>, SHaqHTB, fiojiBme 
^pocB4^^ae^B! ■ 

— Ho RaB'B Se BS TOIBRO ^O rOBOpHJra, PaRHTHVB, tto caHH H 

R'B no6iiry npHroTOBifljEH mcapn, mto ApysBflVH cb heitb hootpbib- 
HUHH AO nocjiiAHflro ^aca Cujih? Eojeh bh saiiiqaiH TaRia b^h 3a 
HHifB H sa aseHofi... 

— ^a BH RaR'B xe nojiaraeTO, nosBoiBTe Baox cnpooHTB, o6i> 
Eropi PaRHTHHt? AypaRi ovl, qTo-iH, HafiHTHfi? H£tb, HBaHi Hh- 
ROJiaeBHq'Bl wb 6amR'& aioS Tose chahtb HTo-HHCyAB. Croibro BpevoHH 
BH HOHfl SHaoTe, a Bce emjd ne BHSHajiiH. JyvaeTO, h jisi^eirlpHTB 
Tose He yir^H)? Xhmhroitb npHRHHyrBca? En^e RaKi yHtro toI Caxoicy 
ABHBOJiy 6631 Macjia wh Ayniy sajrtey, rojkh saxoqy. RaR'B se mh^ 
6hjio (tb OAHoro pasy BHRasaTB oMy, ^to a Bci hx^ npo^i^H Ha- 

CKpOSB BHSy? a paAOBaTBCa AOJIXOHI ChJTB, qXO OH-B y&AeTB, CMyCTH- 
laJIB COMBH, My^HTOJIB shshh Hoefi! 

— BoTB Te64 H Ha! to APyr^ neoTpHBHHft, to khshh My^nrejiB... 
Baci H He noHMemB^ PaRHTHHir. Ho noiOMy se bh 3y6aMH HCRycajiH 
seny, a ne RaRi-HsdyAB HHa^e noEOJioTHJiH? 

— CRycy 6oj[Brae, HBani* HHKOJiaeBHqi. 

— RaR'B CRycy?! 

— TaRi. Bn.'i^nHmBCfl 3y6aMH fb shboo uhco — asHO saMpeniB 
Becb! PacnpcKpacHoe KbJio. IIorjraAHTe, EaKie ayCRH to y MOHfl, poB- 
HeHBKie, 6yAT0 y 6'bjroqRH MOJioAeHBROH, MajieHBRie, BocTpeHBRie... 



m 

Bl MIPS OTBEPaEHHHXI. 15 .,'^ . 

• 

H, noA'B orjDtyniHTejiLHUH xoxotb saifepu, PasBTHHi npecepLesno 
ocKajiHJii poTL, H fi jBBAaJi'B TaMi ABa pa^a ocjiinHTeiBHO-dijEUX'B e 
A']^&cTBHTejn»HO MeiKHXii E ocrpiix^ SyfiOB'B. 

— Ka6iii HO omsum ea. otl MeHji, HanHJiicfl-6i a h3i> crepBHHH Epo- 
BH, noEa3aj[i> 6ki, BaRi iiysa o6HaHUBaTB h Hiiyn^ecTBo ero passopfliB! 

— ^TO ace TenepB ;iyMaeTe bu j^tjiaTb, PaKHTHHt? 

— TenepB ace, Kone^HO, nponan^aa Hoa roioBymKa^ HBanx Hh- 
ROJiaeBH^'Bl TenepB crHOHTB HeHa vb TiapBHt IIIecTBrjiasfiifi. Oaho Te- 
nepB ooraeToa vjeA: BBmycTHTB efi fipDmnay Ha uepBoiiB ace cBB^^a- 

HIH, Ha EOTOpOe BBHTCa... 

— KaEofi BSAop'B B£i HeceTe! Aynae se nonpocHTB npon^enia a y 
QlecTHTJiasaro, n y senu h caoBa na bojth) bhAth. Bs vkj^>, aaBftp- 
Hoe, nBEHU 6ujia, sorj^a GOBepmajnH stotb noABEn>? 

— B-B o^^HOMB TOJBEO Masy-cB, Bx APyroMB nopofflHERa He 6hjio... 
Ho ^061 a noRopHJiica? Ba6i qTo6B noRopajica? noMaayfixel HtoCb ♦ 
EropB PasHTHHB bb BOJiBHyfl) KOMaHAy npocETBca onHTB cTaiB? Ha 
3a nro^cB na cbAt^. Hynnaft Jiyqme cb saBoro msypy gb neaa cm- 
MyTB. Bu cann mopjih yBtpaxBca, HBanB HaROJiaeBaTB, ^to a ae 

XB0CT060ft E He aSUqHERB, E BB nOjPHHHOHB CMilCJit apeOTaHTB. BOTB 

yBE^ETe: RaRB nenB, 6y;^eTB ctohtb EropyniRa nepe^B IIIecTHrjraBHMB, 
cioBe^mRa bb CBoe onpaBAaaie ae npoMOJiBETB. draRB botb tojio- 
ByniRy tojibro noBtmy Ha 6yBHyio rpyj^B, h nynxaS rocnoflaaB na- 
qajFBHBRB o6pymaTB na HeHa cboe> HeMajiocTBl Hxhah BJcacTB. 

H npa BTEXB GIOBaXB OHB CB TaBOfi ROlfHlHOS ECRpeHHOCTBH) H30- 

fipasHJTB EBB ce6H pui^apa nsa^eBaaro o6pa8a, ^o Bci onaiB ne- 
BOABHO pacxoxoraracB. 

— AxB TH, ocEHOBoe 6oTajioI — TBepAHJUi apecraaTH. 
Ho ocHHOBoe 6oTajio ^o rJiy6oRoft noiHO^a ae A^Bajio en^e ycnyTB 

Mai, TO BnaAAfl BB eauoe BoaHCTBeHaoe a saAopaoe aacTpoeaie^ 
o6in]^aacB y6aTB seay a ctohtb xBep^o, RaRB neaB^ no^r^ y^apaifH 
oRpyacaBn^EXB BparoBB, to npaHBHaa HHHopHO-cjiC3iEBUft tohb a aa- 
roHHH Ha BclxB TocRy H yHHHie... 

Ha BeqepneS noBi^pEi cjr6AyH)niaro ahh bb TnpBMy saaBHJca caMB 
niecTEriasiift. SjioBin^ee MOjmaaie, ROTopoe xpaHEiB obb bo Bce BpoMa 
noBtpRE, HaBOj^EJio en^e 6oJEBniifi TpenerB h xojto^tb. OjiHaRO, ace 
c6oniJiocB, RasajiocB, fijiaronojuy^no. Bo speMa ofixo^a RaMepB herto 
EBB apecraHTOBB ne otipan^ajica rb Heuy he gb saREMH BonpocaMH. 
ToJCBRo PaRHTBHa, RB BeiEqafimeiiy MoeMy'yAflBJieHiK), to^ho rto aa 
npysEHy ^epayjrB csaAE, e Ror;^a JlyqesapoBB co6flpaj[ca yace BunjiBrrb 
BOEB asB aameft RaMepti, ohb BucrynajiB BApyrB nicROJObRO Bnepe^B 
H sarofiopHJiB cjraAeHBREMB, ne^aiBHuurB fojiocromb. 

— Ctohtb na Micxit He bhxoahtb hsb ' CTpoa! — ^saRpaqaaH aaA- 
sapaxejE. 

— Hto Te6* ayacao? — thxo a deayiacxao cnpocBJiB JlyqesapoBB. 

— ^oc^o;^HHB HaqaiiBHBRB, HBExe 6oase^RyiD meiocxbI KaRB a ecxb 
oxei^B ceMeifcTBa... H rb xoMy ace 3;i;opoBBeMB oieaao cjiafiB... 



t» 



16 PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

— Hero HyKHO? — noBHCHii rojiocB flaqaiBHHK'B. 

— Si nocasBHi vb Tupbuy. 

— SnaiD. dTO TM XOriJTb 000(ilI(HTB MHt? 

— Efi-Bory, nanpacfio, rocnoABHi HaHaiBHE]rb.x Efi-Bory , ho 3Ha»> 

3a TTO. 

— 3a TO, TTO TK[ HCTflsarB seny. H ho uory AonycEarb SBtpcTBi 

CO CTOpOHU apecraHTOBl, BBi^pOHHUX'B MOeft BiaOTH. 

— CeMeftHoe A'i^o, rocnoAEH'b na^ajiKHHirB... CaMH SHaere: saKi:^ 
HHor;ta Mysy seHy hih ji^vre poAHoe ho noy^HTB? Bi oiyqat SajioB- 
CTBa ooo6]niBO.,4 

— TaKi HO yiarB, Kas'B tu y^Hjrii. JI caMi bha^jtb ^epeHe SHaKH 
on> TBOHxi 8y6oBi Ha es i^i. Tu y MOHfl uouaTHmBCfl, 6paTem», 
3a TaRoe y?efii»el 

— npocTHTe BejiHKOAymHO, rocnoAHHi HaqajBHHK'L! 

Ho nocjrbAHift, fijiecHyB'B rjiadavH hsi no^i TeMHUxi oqEOBi, no- 
cniniHO yAajiucfl. AsepB mymto saxjioirayjiaoB sa heitb h aa ero 
cBHToft. PaKHTHffB GTOAJTb ofiesKypaseHHiift, nepeK0H$ys6HHiil... Ape- 

CTaHTU npHHJIJIHOB HOATpyHHSaTB Ha^^ HHITB. 

— KaRi xe TU CosHiCfl Bqepa HBany HHBoiaHqy, hto nycRaft 
jiyqine nntypy cb Te6fl shbofo omyTB — He CTaHemB npocHTBca y 
UlecTHriasoBa? BaHRH-6'B Te6t xopomifl 0Tpy6HTB, CoTaio ocHHOBoe! 

— 3x1 Bu, 6paTi^s MOH poAHHel — OTB^qajio HaxoAqHBoe 6oTajio: 
qTo fl TaROt) n0pe;n> IIIecTHriasKtirB? ?epBflR^— oaho oiobo. HaMi ih 
<|)0pABi6aqHTB, hooi» Rsepxy nowMaTB, j6iSTman> judahmi? Ceuett- 
Hufi a qeioBiRi vb Tony se... Xena to, ROHeqno, — qopn ci neft! 
06i Heft si-&b He saniaRajTB... A cuHoqeRi to. RemeHBRa to poAHoi. 
KaRTB noAyHai) TenepB o(Sx eirB, tto owb o^hhi TaMi, rojry6qHRi 
Moft, noBipHTe jeh, RB9,wb HHROJiaeBHTB, 8y6u TaRi caMH e aacRpii- 
3ReqyrB. Hcthhho6 oiobo. KaRofi Bi»AB saCaBHHR'B! Ob HarepBD la- 
acoTB — he sa qro Ha cBiTi^ ho sacflerB, 6ednpeMtHH0 thtbrh aosh- 
AaercH. Ectb y hohh na rpy^H dopoAaBo^Ra. TaRi ohb, BnaeTe, Boe 
8Ty eopoflaBOwy pyRann TepefiHTB. Tepefinrb, TepefiHTB — cl tAmi h 

SaCHOTB. 

Bi Mpa^HOe HacTpoeme Bnaii* cb sToro Beqepa PaRHTHHi. Ky^a 
AtBaiHCB ero q^hh, myrRH h iipH6ayTRH. Boe cboCoahoo otb pa6oTH 

BpeMfl OHl CpOAHJTB HO TDpBM^, RBJEl €HeiipHRaflHHilft», He BHaff, 096- 

bhaho, Ry^a A'&BaTBca. JlamEJicfl cna h anneTHra; hh o qeiTB ApyrorB 
HO MOPB roBopETB, RpoM'6 npeACTOHH^aro eMy naRasaHifl h toA ^pioi, 
BT> RaRofi OHO BBrpasHTOfl. MHorie napo^Ho nyraiH ero pejinqeHieiTB 
cpoRa RaToprH, posraMH e np. BcRopi a noAV&THfB, wo PaRETEHi 
HaqarB nepeAanaTB qepesi CoROiBi^eBa e xpyrExi apecTaHTOB'B, pa- 
6oTaBniEX'B aa orpaAOfi, no 61H800TH Kb BOjiBHofi ROHaHAi^, RaRia to 
TaEHCTBeHHua nopyqeaia acoHi. Ilponuo oaho, ABa BocRpeceHBa^ h no- 
npaBEBHiaaca otb no6oeBi» Map^a aBHiacB ri aoMy na CBHAanie... 
PaRETEffB onaTB noBeoejrhjTB. BeqepoMi dToro AHa owb irkrB yse ah- 
4)Epaif6H aceni h nycRajica vb oboe oCiiqaBia oTRPOBeaHOOTE, yTBepx-* 



B% MIPS OrBEPXBEHHXl. 



17 






;^aH^ TTo oHa sjinGjieHa, sani KomKa, bi> ero uoioaootb h ^ecTHyi) 
RpacoTj, ^rro ona BipHan sena h ojiaBHafl 6a6a, o6jiatffax>mafl AByicfl 
TojiBKO noposaiiH — crapooTBK) b rjynocrbK), h bob HeroAOBaHie cBoe 
ofipymHsan na JloHHymKy h nHcapii ](opMiiAOHTa. Ob osoeft cropoflH 
H Map^a, oqoBHAHO, He oepBuK yse pas'B oTB^M^niafl syfioBi cbo- 
ero n)6e8Haro MyaeHBRa h HaxoAHBman btotb onoco6i» pacnpaBu 
CTOJEb xe eerecTBeHHiiMi, sas'B h Bcaiufi Apyrofl, saqaia uonoTaiB 
BunyoKi ero Ha BOJotD. CeiiefiHafl jq^aiia BaicoH^EJiacB HoosHAaHHO 
KOMEqecKHiTB BHXo^oirb oaMoro 6paBaro mTa6ci-EaiZHTaHa. Ha OAHoft 
B8i noBipoE^, KOFAa PiouEiTHH'B CHOBa npHCTaii R'B HOMy CI npocB- 
^Ofi nOMHJIOBaHiH, OffB BAPyTB BsmaiHJTB: 

— A. XaiB, PaRHTHHl, ^TO TU AO CKepTH He 3arpU3l CBOOft SOHlty 

oqeHB asaxB. 51 j6bjifl]LCR, wo oHa Aypsas sesiUHHa: ona vbji,h boaroh 
TopryeTB. Te(St HSBicTHO bto? 

PaRHTHHi TaRB GuA omeioiLieHi» dTHMH ciOBaifH rposHaro na- 
iiajiBHHRa, nocaAHBinaro ero rB TnpBMy sa BapBapcRoe o6pameHie cb 

IROHOK), ^TO He HameiCfl ^ro OTBiTHTB. 

— Xopomo, — oTBtqajTB nesAy TiirB ly^esapoB'B Ha CBofi se bo- 
upoGiK — H BHnyn^y Tefia, ho noA*i» ycjiOBieifB, ^o m jijBkmh vs.'b ciobo 
HeiieAJieHHO npeRpaiHTB sxy ToproBiio. 

06paAOBaHHoe 6oTaxo Ha^axo rihotboh h 6o2KHTBca, ^o cbhto bu- 
nojTHHTB vro ycjioBie, qro ho tojomo ToproBaTB, a^b^ a hbtb HHRorxa 
He oraHeTB npoRJiHTaro sejafl. 

— Hy, CMOTpH se!— norpoBHiS'B .exy naiBi^eH'B IIIeoTHriasiiifi: — 
€o6Hpaft ceftqaoB se boh^h b bbixoah bohi». 

PaRHTHHB BHJEOTijTB H8B RaHopu, RaRi 6oM6a, no3a6iiBi» fijaane 
nonpon^aTBCfl crh TOBapHHi^aMH. 



xxvm. 

MsdieHie MjiaAeHuesB n meHB. 

niecTHrJiasufi npo^ojiaRajTB cBHptncTBOBaTB. BunycRB PaRHiHHa b-b 
BoiBHyi) ROMaH^y 6un> RaRoii to cqacuHBOfi CAyqafiHocTBR), moAinefi 
BB paaptsB CO Bceft ero naiHTHRofi btofo sjionojiyqHaro jrkra. Apec- 
TaHTu, HaA3HpaTen, Aase RasaRH, ROioptie ho 6hjih eny npflMO noA- 

HaqaiBHHMH, B&b HaXOpilHCB RaSAKlt AeHB B^ HeB006pa3HH0Ml» cTpaxli. 

JlndHBmifi Bln^arB h npopoqecTBOBaTB Xe6peeRB, Kb y^BBJieHiD MoeMy, 
He TopsecTBOBaiB H He pesoHHpoBajTB, a zojmxh Bce BpeMfl neqajib- 
BBift H jHOJtqajiHBUH. Pasi HHt Ba^yMajiocB noqevy to saroBopHiB cb 
8THMB cyvacineAniHHBy h, npoxojii^ mhho h noBAopoBaBniHCB, h RHHyji'B 
eiiy saMiqaaie: 

— HeAo6poe BpeMii HacTyaHjg y nacB bb TiopBMi. 

Bb otb^^tb ^fipeeRi* tojibro rpycTHo uoTsaji^'b na mohh, mot- 
Hyji'B BejiHqecTfieHHo csoeft RpacHOfi, RaRi> oiohb, R03JiflH0fl 6opoAKoii 
H npo6ypqajiB: 

M 4. 0tA**» 1. 2 



18 nrocROB bofatctbo. 

— Toro jiH eme AoaA©McaL. 

;H HeBOJiBHO B3AporHyjn> on aroro uoBiiaaro KapRSHBa... 

OAHa»A£i, no HesAopoBBD, a le xoahi^ Ha pafioTy. B^pyrB B6t- 

raerb Bi.KaMepy sainixaBiiiificfl HnpoK'B h o^BABJuierB, ^to oahhi 

H8% caMBixi) Bejg[H)6HMHXi> apecraHTauH HaASHpaxejieft, SiiiHfiafl FojioBa 

no npo3BaHiK), paasopaeTB rHla^^a n^ypsoBi no^^ Bpumeio Tnpbvu. 

m^ypEaMH HJIH CTpHSCKaHH BOBOTCfl Wb Cb6hPH BOpOAa laCTO^OKl Gl 

6ojiBinflifB HeyKJiDSHMH roioBaMH H SByROMi rojioea, boxoshmi na 
Tpei]];aHBe crpoKos^. drn 6e8BpeAHiiJi h unsaa cosAaHifl, jtkn^mia 
CBOH rfli^sj^a noA'B OKsaMH aoxobx h KasAyn Becny BosBpan^aKii^flCfl 
Ha rpycTHfiift h xoiOAHUfi ctBepi, AocraBJiiiDrB 6ojiBmoe yrimeBie 

TK>peMHEnfl OOHTaTeJtfllfB CBOeft XJIOnOTJIHBOtt 8a60TJIHB0CTBH), HOyMOJI- 

KaoMOft, Becejiofl Goitobhod h ^HpHRaHBeMi. B&b apecraHTu o^ohb 

3ao6BJai 8THX^ mHHeEX H nOEpOBHTOJIBCTBOBaJIH HMB. EciH cjiyqaiocB 

K0My-HH6yAB pa8Ao6BrrB ejohok'b bbtei, to ero paspuBajiH na Meuie 
sycoqsH H, pasSpocaBB no ABopy, ci>aaiBiflmH]rBJUE)6oniiTOTBO]n> cjrfc- 
AfUH sa TtiiB, sasi n^ypEH noAXBaTUBaiH hxb h ynocHJiH bi cboh 
KBiHma. SaBepnyBi HHorAa bts Baxy EamnneKi, aaCaBiajiHCB TiuB, 
KaEi mypsy ho xBaiaJio chjtb yraniBTB xeJiaHHyD ao6h^, EaE!:b, no;^- 

HflBniHCB Ha BOSjiyX'B, OHB pOHHJIB 66 B8^ HOSOEl Ha 86^11) H CHOBa 

Buxajicfl noAHfltB... Ecih raynue utobi^u ci> HeoEplmnHMH en^e 
EpuJiBflKH BHnapxHBaiH nposAOBpeMOHHO HBB TH'&aA'B* TO Hxi GopesHO 
noA^HpaJiH H crapajiHCB npncTpoHTB eb noxxoAan^efi ceMBi (TaEi EasB 
poAHyn ysnaiB 6£lio Tpy^Ho). JlacroHSH, cjiyqaiocB, oTEasBiBaiHCB otb 
noAEHjpjmeft h BUTaJEHBajiH hxi bohb. Tor^a hsb cpe^fii apocTanroBB 
oTUCEHBaiacB cepAo6ojiBHafl Ayina, fipaBinafl na ce6a. 3a6oTu MarepH 
h BUEapifJiHBaBniafl nosHHyruxB cHpoTB TapaEanaMH h MyxaicE. 

nOHflTHO, nOCXb dTOrO, EaEB BBBOIHOBaiaCB BCfl TnpBMa, yCJKUXaB'B 

HOcqacriB, nocTHrmoMB jiD6HHfiix'B UTHqeEB. Bufbcrb cb ApyrHMH h 
a BumejB Ha tdpokhhS ABopB. Cb ajbhhbimb mecroMB bb pysax'B 
Sn'^HHafl PojioBa A'bficTBFrejiBHO pacxasHBajiB oeojio SAanift h pasQH- 

BaJTB HHB rHt8Aa SJIOnOJiiyqHHXB nqfpEOBB. HsB OAHHXB BaJEHJKHCB Ha 

3eMJUD HeBHcnsoHHUfl evofi HH^EH, H8B ApyrHXB rojmo nreHTORH; na^afl, 

OHH HOMOAJieHHO pasfiHBaiHCB, H MH0S6CTB0 HXB EOpiHJIOCB y«e BB 

npoACMepiHHXB cyAoporaxB. Bb ptAKHXB tojbeo ratsAaxB 6hih one- 
pHBmiflGH yse uaiioTEH, ho h rfc H6 yMtxH eo^e leiaTB. CocrpaAa- 
Tejn»Hue hsb apecTanroBB jiobhih hxb na JitoTy bb manEH h yHocniH 

OpO^B, HaAiflCB EaEB-HH6yAB BUEOpMHTB H BOCHHTaTB. HtSOTOpUO 

Apyrie, nocH^jii^e, ofipamaiHCB eb HaASHpaTOJUo cb BonpocoMB, 8a^ifB 
OHB 8T0 A'i^aeTB. 

— Ha^ajiBHHEB npHEasaiB, — OTBift^aia SirfaHHaB FojioBa, saMaxn- 
BaacB naiEofi na hoboo rHteAo: — BairlTBjrB oopB na ^yHAaiieHTax'B 

TDpBMKI H CEaaaiB, "^TOfiB 8Toro 6oiBni6 He 6UJI0. 

— npoTHBB copa MOSHO 6u npHHHTB APy^H Hipu^ Bicim aiGfl H fl: 
aifosHo 6u npEEEBaTB napaniHHsaMB oCHeTaiB esoAHeBHO ^yn- 
AaHeHTU. 



Vb mn OTBEP«EHHUX'B. 19 

— He Moe 9T0 a4j^o, — OTBi^aiB SiAtseasi ToaoBa: — a to hchoi- 
HflD, ^TO MHi npeAnHCHBaDTB. 

— A 6CJIE-61 BaMi npHEasaJiH o6t> ct^ekj roiOBofi 6HTbcir,— sa- 
v/biETh cxapocra lOxopeBi, njui Haci y6HBaTL, — bu h 8to cTaiH-,6i» 
HonoJiEHTb? Bo BCGWb HjsHO, BacHJiift AHApeH^TB, pascysA^Hie. 

— 3a Tasifl senoAofiaufl ojOBa fl-6'B Te6fl HaKasaTb, lOxopesi, 
MorB, eciH 6u aaxoTin. Ua^aiBHHS'B ho HOxeTB a^tb mh^ xaKoro 
opHKasaHifl. Ohb ^oiob^kb b^ab. 

— A 9T0 npHKaaame pasBi qeaoBtano? — onpocM-Ba: — nocMOTpn- 
Te — ^jsfi OHH Tose acHBUfl cyniecTBa; hmx, KMrb e jaojsjawb, Tose 

60IBHO... BOHX CR02BR0 ySB BU II06hJIH HXB! a OKDIO BCeii TlOpBtfH 

TaKBXB THisA'B HafiopeToii, noasajiyft, HtcsojiBKO cotb cb ji^olk Tsuca- 
qefi nieHUKOBB... H bc^xb hxi yuepiBHTe? 

Ko6uj[Ea noAA^psajna hoh cjioBa rpouKEifB poaoTOMi. SjAerba 
ToJiOBa cMyTHJicfl. 

— Hto se MEi A'^aiB? — ^saiofino saroBopEiB ohb: — ^pasB^ uwk 
apiflTfiocTB cocraBJuieTB aio saHBTie? C'b Menfl canoro BaHCEHBaiorB. 

— flflSOTBBue HaqajEBHHKy^ ^o ^epesB j5fii neA'&ui nieHi^Ei one- 
parcfl, H TorAa, ecjis HysHo, mosho fiyAOTB paasopHTB rsbsAa. 

— Rirhy ysB CjiaroAapEM'B noKopflo AOJiasEBaxB. HacB ohb eiii;e 
6oju»me apecraHiOB'B pacneEaeiB. 

~ TaKB BOTB a CB ofiiA^HHofi npo6oft nofiAI ceiqacB e AOJcosy, — 

BBIBBaJlOA lOxOpeB'B. 

— Hy, BOTB H pacnpcKpacHoe fijkno^ — CMarqajrca SiABHaa To- 
josa: — ^Ao OAHHHaAi^aTE qacoBB a Mory noBpeneHHTB. Mat qiol A 
Aase pa^B. 

lOxopeBB, EOfiAE SB IQecTflrjDfasoMy orb gpofiolt, A'bficTBETeJiBHO 
Eviji'h C'B HEHB juiofionuTHyK) 660^^7 no noBOAy E^ypROBi. 8totb 
yMEUfi E npeAoraBHTeJiBSiifi HasEAB pa86ofiHEK'B yHiiB roBopsTB BecBiia 
naTexEqecRE. JlyqesapoB^ cnoRo&HO BUOJiyinajiB ero e CRasajiB cb Ha- 
CMimRoii: 

— Aral no3AHeHBRO saAyiiaiHCB. B^b Raxopri saiociE naqajiE 
sa6EpaTBCJi? Ha msi ceicBH BupisMBajiH, MaieHBREX'B A'^xeft SEBBeM'B 
sktie: cpeAH BacB ecTB oahhi raRoft apiHcrB... ^ tu e caH'B, no- 
HHHTCfl, He OAHoro qejiOB^Ra noRpomEJiB... A xyxB nxEqeRB nosa- 
AiiE!.. BsAopx, B3AopB, jifli^eMipie. Hsbojib cEasaTB HaASEpaTejiio, qio 
fl HpHKasBiBaE) Bct VEi^jifiL pasopHTB Ri Boqepy. Ha nostpRy a cairB 
npEAy nocMOTptTB. 

IQxopeBB npEHysAOHB 6hj['b saMOJiqaTB, n cb o6iA& bo3o6hobh- 
jotocB ESfiieHie KjaAeHi^eFB. Ko6ujiRa orpaHflqHBajacB t^mb, qxo bb 
npHcyTCTBiE Sii'i^HHofi TojiOBH o6cyai^ajia otb^tb IIIecTErjiiaBaro. 

— 3to ToqHO, qio a 6HjrB BapBapB, — roBopHJii CoRoiBi^eFB, npB- 
BaBinift Ha CBoft cqexB CA'i^aHHufi HaMeRB: — laRoft BapBapi>, RaREXi 
II Ha CBirb Hajio. Ho Bce-iaRE n a ao xaRoro BapBapcTBa He aoxo- 
AEJTB, RaRi Bu H BamB naqajiBHHRi. Be^'b RpaftneA nysA^ fl nyxH 
He jfiEBaji'B, He tojibeo qro ETamRE. Hotoiiy qro, no uoeify noHHTiK), 



20 PyOGROB BOrATCTBO. 

M6HBine rpiia epeAHaro ^eioBtsa j6HTb, ^iirb HeBHHHoe Bosbo tbo- 
peHbe — iscTO^Ky. ^ase h8i» pe6eHKa MOserB ofipaaoBaTbCfl co Bpeve- 
HOMi BapBapi, a jiacro^Ka hhromj HHEaRoro Bpe^a le HoserL npa- 

HEHHTB. 

Bra $HioGo4>ifl CoRomieBa ci> 6ojiBmEMi> coqyBCTBieiii BuciymH- 
Bajiacb co6paBmEHHCfl Ha ABopi> apecraHTaiiH, na Bci JiaAu paaBHBa- 
Jiacb H HJuiioGTpHpoBairacB npHidpaMH; ho lacro^airB otb hoa hb 
6BLI0 ler^e: rHlSAa lasB n BajHjmcB, TaRi» h BaJiHiHCB noj^'b HeacTO- 
BBiuH jAapaMH SMiHHoft TojioBfii. Bapociure niypRH ctb saio6EmrB 
nHCRoiTB BHiHCB i^iioiMH AecflTEaMH BORpyrB cBOExi flfiforBTb Heno- 
Min,%, HO HOj^JiaTB HHqero ne MoriH. Tujibro ^aca ;(Ba cnycra vb 
TmpBiiy noiEoGonsTCTBOBajTB sarjiflHyTB caM'B Jly^esapoB'B h, yBH^aB-b 
co6cTBeHHHMH FJiasaMH paCoiy SirfcHHOfi Fojiobu, npHKasaii ocrano- 

6HTB EpOBaBOe HOOOEE^e. yi^tjrblO, TaRHMl OfipaSOM'B OROIO COTEE 

rflt3;ri»; HO rjiaBEoe jijkiQ 6uio yse cAtiaflo: iraosecTBO MaiesBREii 
TpynEROBi jiojiroe en^e BpeKfl BajuiJiocB no Bceny ABopy, BuauBaa te- 

SeJHIE BOCEOMEEaHia... 

npE6j[fl8HTejiBHo Bii 8Ty S6 Eopy npoEdOEiio Apyroe EonpiaTEoe 
co6iiTie. BepEyBEiflCB pan esi pyAEHRa, a ^pesBUvaftEo GiufB y^EB- 
jiOE'B, ysEaBEiH, HTo Hama saMopa }t 1 noABeprHyia Ha n^iA ut- 
ca^h TESROMy EaRasaEin: aanepTa sa aaifOR'B, saROBana vb HapyuE, 
jumoEa Ta6aRy, coficTBeEEaro nax), CBEAaHifi e nepenECRH ci poA- 

GTBeEEERaMfl; REMepEElfl CTapOGTa nOOaaCOEB, RpOHt TOrO, Ea EOAtJIK) 

wh TeMEsS Rapi^ep'B. Bi qECjA npoux'B h e noABoprca EasEaqessoM y 
AJUi Bcero HOMopa pexEicy. ORasaiocB, -vto yrpom* aroro ahe npaxo- 

AEJIl Vb TlOpBBiy (TB OCUCROITB CEMl meCTEriaSUft S SaicbTEJIl, ITO 

ABepEOfi npo6ott Bi aanieS RaMCpt s^^roibro maTaerca. HeMOAJieEEo 
OEii sejiin oAEOMy ebi apecraETOBi npEianiETB jiomi h BUTacRHBaTB 

EMB npo6oft. HiCROlBRO apeCTaETOBB, OAEH^ 3a APyrElTB, EUTaJUICb 
CA'l^aTB 8T0 E E6 MOFJEE. 

— He xaRx bu A'i^aere, — Busaajicfl TorAa oaesb e8i» HSM^SEpa- 
TOJiett E, B3flBi JLOwb wb pyRB, Ea^aji RpyTETB EMB npo6oE Ea no- 
Ao6ie BEHTa. dtEH'b cnoco6oMi AificTBSTejrBBO yAajiocB ero BUEyTh. 
IIpERaBaBmE oteocte npo6oft wb BysEEiqr e nepeROBaiB no EOBOMy, 
a Raaepy apecTOsarB, JlyqeaapoBi bi> rE^Bi yAaiEjrcE. Bci HOAoyMt- 
BajB. A^Jio o6BacEBJ!OCB ToiBRO EE Be^epEefi noB'bpRt: crapmii saA- 
dEpaxejiB nepoAT* crpoeifB apecraETOB'b npo^eii npERaai no niejiaii- 

CROfl TK)pBMi, B^B ROTOpOITB BEa^EJIOCB, ^TO npE 06lICR'6, npOESBOAeE- 
EOMX CatfElfB EaHaJBEBROH-B, ABOpSOfi EpoGofi Vb RaMOpi^ ^ 1 OKE- 
BEJCa <BUHyTII]rB», ^TO HeCOMEtaEO 6yAT0 6£I CBHAtTOlBCTBOBaiO 

EOAroTOBiaBnieMca nodlri. Bcb pasHsyjiE pro, BucjiymaB'B 8totb npn- 
viB/Sb — TaRi oEi 6uJib BeosEAEEii fl RypBesBHiI nocyAEBi H noraji- 
AtBB BTEXOMOJiRy, RofiuiKa, RaRi BOABTca, noKopEJiacB CBoed ynacTBy 

E H6 nOAyBiEB'B RaRl» EE6yAB npOTeCTOBETB EpOTEBT* 'npH«UISeHEOft PE 

EBsofi EecnpaBeAiEBOCTE; eo a, npEsnaTBoa, BOJmoBaica... Mni^ 6ujlo 
rtuB o6EAHie e CoshtAe^ nro OAsa h3i» HaioaReEsiixi Rapi (ume- 



Wb MJPB OTB£PaiCBHB£[XT». 21 

Hie nepenHCKH) oTHOcuacB npaMO ro mh:& h tojebko kq kh^, tsri 
RaKii 6oirBniHHCTBo ociaiBHHX'b apecrasTOFb nHoajo nHCbMa He ^n^e 
OAHoro pasa vb foa'b... OcuorpiBi Tn^areiEBHo to irbcTO j^BepH hs* 
Hyipii Kavepu, r^'b buxoahjii Hapysy oahhi ROHei^x craparo apo- 
(Sofl, fl saiiiTHjrbf no oho lasi se rjia;(KO noKpHio Kpacsofl, KaK'i> h 
BCH OGTaiBHaa Asepb: iiCHoe AORasaTejBCTBO Toro, ^to sarnyTaro Eonua 
npo6oa HHEorAa ne oyn^ecTBOsajio, n hto HHRasoH yMunueHHoft nop^H 
ero He mofjio 6utb. KpoMt Toro h apecTaHTani h BaASHpaieJiflHi 
oTmqHo 6buio HSBtcrno (h bto Bcerxa Jierso Gfiuo npoBipaiB), hto 
AsepHBie npo6oH h bo HHorHxi> APyrnxi RaMepaxT» tohho xaRse ma- 
xajiHCB, RaRi y naci, h, oqeBHAHo, npH caMoft nocrpofiRi TiopBiiBi 
oujifl HeapoqHO broio^ohu. He roBopio yse o tomi, ^to nparoTOB- 
.lenie rt* 006^17 qepesi ABepB Ravepu,. BuxoAHBmyx) Bib saneprufi 

CO BCiXl CTOpOH'B ROppHAOpi, Vfljk nOCTOHHHO HpHCyTCTBOBaJTB HaASH- 

paxeiTB, 6hao 6u aBHHifB 6edyiiieM'B, h npeAnojiosHTB laRoe 6e8yMie 
tforjo TOJiBRO HaMtpeHlo-aiocTHoe seiaHie coa^aTB nepBHft nonaB- 
mi&cH npe^JiorB p^B hobuxi nepyHOBX h cricHenifi. Ho h npe^- 
jion>-TO Cia'b xpafiHe Hey^aqHO h nexHTpo Bu6paffB... noAo6H£ui 
pasMfiinueHiH crpamHO BOiHOBaxH neHa h sahjeh. B% nepBuft se boc- 
KpecHuA AOHB fl noTp66oBajo[i> 006^ saiofinyi) RHHry h snecB b% nee 
3asBJieHie o6'b oRasaHHofi uwk h Bcett Ranept HecnpaBeAiBBOCTH. Bjih- 
»afiiiiHMi> pesyjiLTaTOiTB aroro 8aaBJi[eHifl 6uio to, ^to aha ^epesi Tpn 
HaiiiTi CTapocxa (HaH6ojrbe oTBiTCTBeHHoe no saRony jhi^o) npaiio b81> 
TOMHaro RapAepa 6bu[i> Kinyn^eHi vb BOJiBHyiD ROMaHAy... dTOMi 
KaEi 6u eme pejiBe^nie HOA^epRHBajEOCBfiescMucjiie Hamero apecTa. 
niecTHrjiadBifi, RaRi* 6yAT0, roBopHXi e€m%: tSL caifB SHai), ^to o6bh- 
neHie Moe B8AopHo h necnpaBeAJiHBO; ho noMHjpTe aohho h Honpio, 
HTO fl qTo xoqy, TO H A*Jia»*- 

PoBHo ^epe8i uosTQjifik nocjrib 8Toft HOTopiH, yse ho^th 8a6iiT0ft 

BCiMH, Ha Be^epHOH nOBipRt TOpaceCTBOHHO 6UJL0 O&BflBJieHO, ^to 

xofl aKa2[o6a na nesaROHHoe flRo6u aaRasaHie 8a BUHyTutt apecTan- 
TavH ABepHofi npo6oft ocTaBJEena 8aB'bAyH)n(HM'B Hep^BHORofi RaTop- 
roft 6e3T> HOCffkACTBifl... 

KaMepa nama cHAlia en^e noAi> apecTOMi, RorAa h3i» ynpasjieHifl 
npHmjiH npHTOBopu JlyHBROBy h Horafii^eBy 8a 0TRa3^ orB pa6oTH u 
o6pyraHie HaA8HpaTeifl: nepBufi, RaRi 601'be BHHOBHHft, AHmaiCfl crh- 
AORi «3a iiOBeAeHie» (^to paBsaJiocB HaAfiaaRt OAHoro roAaRaToprn) 
H noABeprajicfl CTa yAapam posorii, a Bxopofi apncysAAJicfl ri ui- 
cflij^y 3aKji]D^eHia Bi tomhomx Rapi^ept h nflXHAecHTH posrani. (Hsi 
ynpaBJieHifl npaxoAflrB o6HRHOBeHHO rb cbmub plmeHia, RaRia npeA- 
jiaraDTB bi cbohx'b AORJiaAaxx cMOTpHiejifl TiopeMi)). JlyHBROBa a'^r- 

CTBHTOJIBHO BUCiRlH Bli OAHOMX B31» Rapi^OpHUXl ABOpHROBl, Horaft- 

Ufih'b se OTA'biajECfl Rapi;epoMi»: RorAa oh-b Buineji orryAa, rposa 
yse npoHecjiacB, JlyqesapoBi CiufB cHoaa bi> ryiiaHHOU'B HacrpoeBia, 
B poBFH ero 6um 3a6£iT£i. ^ 

Bb STu se AHB 6paBufi mTa6c'B-RanHTaH'B bsji'b ynopHyio Bofiny 



22 FFCCKOB BOrAT€TBO* 

CB KaTOpSHilMH SeHlI^HHaMH, HaXOAHBmHMHCfl Vh BOILHOlt ROMaHJi:!. 

;3toHGKofi TDpbvu npH IIIejiaficKoirB py;(HHRt He cyn^ecTBoaajio, ho 
Aifl HcnoJHeHiA HlKOTopuxi ^HCTo seHCRHxi pa6oTL H vh H6in» no- 

GTOflHHO HMiJIOCb H'&CEOJD>RO RatOpSaHORl (HOp^^^RO 6e3CpO^HlIX'B), RO- 

Topna sa OTcyTeTBieHi» xropBioi srhjih Ha boji'^. Bi AoposHuxi boc- 
noMHHafliflX'B a pascRasHBajEi, ^to RaropsaHRa bt> fiojBmHHGTBt ciy- 
qaeBi> h npoAa»HaH BM'i^cr& ci Tini xeHmHHa. CRonjienie^ orpoMHaro 
Ron^ecTBa «y»HHH%, apecraHTOB'b h Ra3aR0BT>, npH noAHOirb noqiH 
oTcyTCTBiH aceHCRaro aseMdHTa, A'^axo to, ^to vh UlejiaficRoft bojib- 

HOft ROMBH^^i 8TH 5—6 RaTOpvaHOR'B 6UJIH Vh CyRSaiLHOlTL CMBICXt 

ROMMyHajiBHUMH HseHaMH. PasBparb AocTHraxi ysacaDmBXi pasmt- 

POBI. BeSCTblACTBO HiSOTOpUX'B H8T» 8THXI MOrepi, BCerXa IIO«ITtf 

HBaHBixii H He 6oflBniHXCfl HHRaRHX'B HaRasaHiA, AOXojiHxo AO Ra- 
Roro-TO RpeTHHHBMa. yHHTTOSHTB BHtmHlfl 6e3o6pa3Hua npoaBjienia 
pasBpaTa xosho 6uxo toxbro j^oarhmi nyTeMi*: nan yBexHTceH^eifB 
?HCia acenn^EHB^ bxh ace BUCHXRot h8i» mexaficRHxi npeA^OBi h 
TixB, RaRifl 6uxh aa xhi^o. JlyneaapoBy xor&xocB HafiTH Tperift nyTB; 
QWh B'i^pax'B BB i^ednyx) cHxy penpeccifi h oTpornxii BducRanitt. Bi» 
8T0 poROBoe xiTO owh ocofieHHQ Heycuimo croaxB aa crpaarb ape- 

OTaHCROft HpaBCTBeHHOCTB H RaS^filfi A^HB I^XUKH TOXnaMH OpHCU- 

xaiB Bii TDpeMHue Rapi^eps BoxBHOROMaHAi^eB'B H caMnxi* sean^HHi. 
Bi nocxi^AHeiTB cxyqai, HecHoipa Ha rphrh h yrposu naABHpaTexeK, 
noA'B oRHaMn ceRpeTHUxii (vb yxpa ao Beqepa GpoAHxa h mHBipaxa 
Ro6BixRa; mxa npiarHue pasrosopu oi o6MtHOMi ROHnxHMeHTOBi>, no- 
MepnnyTBEX'B He nai «Xoponiaro tohbi Tonne; xafiHO nepe^aBaxocB bi> 
Rapi^epa auico, qafi, caxap^B, Ta6aRi. Ho oAHa qacTO-nxaTOHaqecRaa 
xx)6oBB He y;][OBxeTBopflxa, ROHeqno, iDpeHHHXx xosexacoB^ hxh cud- 
6HTexefl» (rbri HasBrBaiOTca ohh na apeoTBHTCRoirB acaproai), h BCRopb 
611XH nyn^oHu vh xoa'b bgh apeoraHTCRaa xhtpoctb, xobroctb h A^p- 
300TB: vh cxyqat hohkrh Ha irfccTt npecTynxeHia rpoBHxa ne nycTa^i 
BtAi» Kapa, H Tpe6oBaxacB A^ftcTBHTexBHO A^P^Rafl OTBara h pbniH- 

MOCTB... 

CpoAH RaTopacHuxi'^XBi(HHeft 6uxa oahb, ao t^xi \ioyh MOHte 
ApyrHxi pasBpan^eHHas h 6e3CT£iAHafl, ho renepB npeaMymecTBeHHO 
o6pymHBniaa na cefia rpoMU h iioxHia xyqesaposcRaro rffbaa. lyqoBa- 
poBi HeAoyHiBaxi», noneiry RpoTRaa h THxaa npesAO Exohrb npeapa- 
THxaoB BHOBanHO vh HaxaxBHyx) rpy6iaHRy, ROTopyn He vorxo ca^I^- 
xaTB noRopnie h HpaBCTBOHHte Aase eaceAHOBHoe hokth cHAi^HBe bi 
TOHHOiTB Rapi^epi. Eicy h b^ roxoay ae npnxoABXo, hto bi> to caMOe 
Bpeifa, RorAa BORpypB noxHOBxacTHO i^apaxi, RasaxocB, ysacB, naae* 
AOHHUft na apecraHTOBi* ero crporocTHMH, aapi^epaHH^ napyqaaMH, 
posraira, xameHleiTB crhaorb h np., — ^^b-b 8th caaue ahh TDpBiia, exo 
oSpa3uoeaH miophMa^ CA'^axacB npBTOHOifB pa3BpaTa, h ^to co6cTBeH- 
HHH ero niponpiaria cnocoftoTBywrB BTOiiyl Hto noqyacTBOBax'B 6u 
6paBHfi mraCc^^RanHTaHB, qro ohi cRasaxi 6ii, ecxH6uxoTB bo cat 
npHrpoBHxacB eicy OAHasA^i RaprHHa, RaRi HeaaBHCTHue eny «apTH- 



Vb Um OTBBPJKBHHUX'b. " 23 

trru>, pascraBHBi) Ha ABopi cTpeiiy, nepeiissDTB "lepedii saeopi 
Kapi^epHaro ABopHsa, npoHHsaDrb bi <cespeTEiifi» KoppHxopi h 
HAyrB Ha xafiHoe cBHAaHie ri EieHRi 3ohobo& ^epesi HCKycHO paa- 
6Hpai)n^]DCfl criHy? BipoATHO, oHi comen 6u ex yiia hjih ynepi 
orb anoueRCH^ecKaro y^apa... 

3a BpeMfl upefiiiiBaHiA CBoero vb Rapi^epax'B sxa RaTopsHafl cbjb- 
4»HAa ycnijra npioGp'i^H h BUHectH na bojd HtcROJtBRO AecHTROB'b 
py6jiefi! ^epsocxb <jiK>6HTej[efi» AociHrJia, HaRonei^i, Toro, hjo ^ase 
H8i OAHHXT> Rapi^epoBi Bi> jipyrie 6uju[ npoAlJiaHu rafiHue xoah, 
TaRi vro croBop^BBaa ExeHRa h abomi h ho^lk) HaloAHJia cefii pa- 
Coxy, a j[iL& apecxaHTOB'B nonaoxb bt> Rapi^epi cxaio ho xojibRo He 
oxpamHHMi, ho jifiate, HanpoxHBi, sejiaxej[bHHMi> a'^omt*. KorAa 
BQOcjiiAcxBiH HaASHpaxejiH oxRpujra bxh noxaeHHHe xoabi, xo npHniJiH 
Bi ysacx H, He p^niHBmHCb aohocxh o hhx'b IIIecxHrjiasoMy, Dps 
fijiBsafimeifb penoHxi Rapi(epHiixi> noMiatenift caMH sacxaBHjH ape- 
cxaaxoB'B saAiiaxB hxi». H cam ysnajii xoibRO mhofo noase 061 
axflxi poMaHH^ecRHX'b noxoa^eaiaxi cbohxi cosHxejiefi h AO^roe 
BpeMfl HBAoyHiBajiT): ^ixo osHaqajiH Bci 8xh nepemeiiXJUBaHbfl, xann- 
GXB6HHafl 6iroxHfl, sartM^o^Hiiifl ocxpoxu HaAi* Hrpromi h np. h np., 
xaKi HeBtpoflXHO 6hjio xo, hxo fl pascsasHBaK). Jly^eaapoBi, rohohho, 
^mfi MeHbine nOAOspbBajr'b HcxBHy h, noiarafl, qxo rpoaa ero rHisa 
^AHHcxBeHHo Horyqee cpeACXBo HonpaBieHifl apeexaHXCRHXi HpaBOBi h 
o6y3AaHJfl cxpacxeS, npoAOjrsax'b cBoft HeroAyionut hoxoai* npoxliBi> 

SeHH^HH'b. 

Bx OAHHi npeRpacHbift jifiah pasHeccfl no xK>pbMt ciyxi, qxo 
mecxHrjiasuft oxAaji'b SoHony h BOJibHOROHaHAAa KajHHRHHa noA% 
cjAi> sa HenpncxofiHoe noBeAenie Ha rjiadax'b y MajieHbRHX'b A'i^Tefl 
oAHoro H3^ HaASHpaxejeS. Oabhi pe6eH0R'b 6ui'b xpex'b I'&Tb, Apyroft 
nflXH. KpoMi HHxi cBHA'i^xejeH He 6ujio, h aojisho fiuxb MaiOHbRie 
AOflocqHKH noiyqHJTH xopomee BocnnxaHie, eciH mofjih noHHiraxb 
noAo6HUfl BonxH... Uzt> yiipaBJieHifl noJiy^Hjicfl npBRasi: KaiHHRHHa 
oocaAHXb AO cpoRa bi> xDpbMy, a SoHOBy noABeprnyxb cxa yAapaHi* 
p03orb. JlyqesapOBX AOiro He 06'bflBJifljrb axoro npHRasa h, nocaAHBi 
KajTHBRBHa Vb xx)pbMy, oxHOCHxeibHO SoHOBOft^ CHAiBHieft no npes- 
HeMy B'b Rapi^epi, ne npHHHMajrb HHRaRHXi Mlpi. CpoRi* oh jsatoptb, 
MesAy xd^Mi, RonqHJicfl; yse npEmexb rohboK, Roxopat aojurohi 
-Cijji'b oxBecxH ee na nocejienie, h a nHxaai xaflHyio HaAesAy, ^xo 
acecxoRifl npHRaai ne 6jj5fiTb npHBeAen^ vb HcnoiHeme. OAHaso, h h 
Ha dxoTb pas'b oniH6cfl... Pano yxpoM'b SoHOBy buboih hsi Rapaepa 
h 3a BopoxaMH xiopbHbT, HOAajieRo oxi> HOfl, CBHptno HaRaaajH. Ilaia- 
qaMH 6hjlm xaxapu-apecxaflxu, RaRi roBopaxb, HMiBmie aioQy npo* 

THBTi CBOefi SepXBH... 

H xopomo SHaji'b, qxo acenn^HBa axa cxofljra na HHsmefi cxyneHH 
HpaBcxBeHBaro naAeHia, h qxo B'b o6uRHOBeHHoe BpeiuE vb neS fiiuo, 
6uTb Mosexb, HedojEbme cxuaihbocxh, ^wb bt> nocJitAHOM-b hsx ape- 
cxaHxoBi; a anaj^b see axo — h oAHaRO He m orb oxAtiaxbCA ott> m£igj[H, 



24 PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

qro OHa 6£Uia seHH^HHa, ojiHi^eTBopflDmaji co6oS Bce, ^o eerb y ne- 
lOB^^ecTBa pin^apcKH-apespaoHaro BucoKaro h 6xaropoAiaro... 

^a H KTO snaeTB, ^to bi MHHyry HcrfldasiA jifime h bi» aToft 
naAmefl j^yurt He mesejEHyjiocL ^jbctbo, ROTopoe ao xtxi nop% 6ujio 
noAasjieHo HeB'bsecTBOH'B b • pasBpaToici, — qyBCTBo onoaopeHHoft »eH- 

mHHKI?.. 

O&b dTOWb HMemo uoAyMaji'B a, Kor^a ysnajii, ?to TOTqacs se 
nocjrl HaKasaHifl noApyrH EseHRH, xaKia se, RaKi h oHa, xiorHfiniifl 
H Hec^acTHHfl cosAaaifl, co6pajiHCB BOKpyn> nea h AOJiro -HOJi^a 
njraEajiH *)-. 

XXIX. 

/lio6oniiiTHafi 6ectAa. 

HeA^JiH jifii cnyctfl nocjrb aioro co6iaTifl, ooBepmeHHo ji,m ce6ft 
HeoacHAaHHo, a BiiSBaHi 6]iurb wh TDpeMflyi) ROHiopy. 3a mnpoRHifB 
nflCbMeHHHMi CToxoiTb chjK&l'b JlyqesapoBi, ciaa bo Bce jleho, nioT- 

HUft, pyMflHHft, BHAHMO JlfihOihEUfk CO60I) H BCiMl Ha CBtTt. il 

oesMojiBHo noxiOHHica. 

— TyTb oQlHTB noiy«iHAaoB na Bame hmh nooujid^Ra, xiDGesHa 
aaroBopHJTb fipaBuii urraOci-RanHraHi: — noTpyAvrecB cavH pacRy- 
nopBTb ee h npaHHTB bo Bceft i^ixocxH h neBpeAHMOCTH. fy^ RcraTEi 
a xoT&ii'L cnpocHTB BacB... jiaqHO capocHTB: RaR'L name SAopoBBe? 

SI yAHBHJicfl H cyxo capooHX'L, Ranas MoserB 6utb npH^nna 
noAo6Haro BHHMaHia. 

— Bbahto-ih, OTBi^aJTB JlyqeaapoBi KbcR0J[BR0 CMymeHHO:— OAHa 
jiai^o Vh neiepdypri ocBiAonrjaeTCH y mohh 061 aroiTB. 

— JIhi;o? B-b neiepfiyprt? yAHBHJica a eme Cojttme. Bt IleTep- 
Oyprb y mohh o^na toxbro MaTB, Roropaa mosotb HHTepecoBaTBca 
MOOH cyAB6Gi); ho a se^y cb neft HenocpeACTBeHHyi) nepenacRy. ' 

— Hlrb, ecTB, 3Ha«iHTi>, h Apyna xai^a. IIo Rpa&Hcfi ntpt^ 
oAHo jiHi^o — H saMiTBTe: caHOBHoe AHii^o! — opocHTB neaa xeie-^ 
rpa^HpoBaxB eiiy Bamem saopobbh. 

— HH^ero He noHHMaiD. OGiacHHiecB, nosajiyftcra. 
JlyqesapoBi, nocjit iirHOBeHHaro RoxeCaHia, noAai'B HHi lejie- 

rpamiy. H npo?HTaji%: €Teiierpa4)HpyMTe SAopoBBe N. Poahhc xpe- 
Bosaxca>. CJi^AOBajia o6ii;eH3BicxHaa noAnncb. Bi> CHJbHOirb 6e3- 
noROHcxBi a 6pocHJrb na Jly^esaposa nnxjEHBufi BsrjiaA'B. 

— no^eMy ace moh poAHBie xpeBoaaxca? IIoqeHy ohh jehtoo 
MHt He xeierpa^HpoBaiH, a oCpaxHracB R'b nocxopoHHOMy ^eiOBiRy? 
Hjih, Moacexi, 6HXb... 



*) BecHOK) 93 roAa pi^meRieM'b roeyxapcTBeiiHaro coB^Ta oxoHvaTejiBiKV 
oxMiBeHO B-b PocclH T^necHoe HanasaHie sohh^bbi. 

lIpuM, €iem. 



B^ mn OTBEPSEHHUX'B. 25 

GrpamHoe noAoapisie MejnsHyio y MeHfl bi rojcosi. SL bchom- 

flHA1>, ^0 TpH UQA^JIE TOMJ Ha8£^X 6UJLT> flfiBh MOCrO pOSAeHk, * 

KOTopufl Ha BOJii TopxecTBeHHo npasAHOBaicfl b% Earned ceiiL'b h bt> 
KOTopuH fl noASHAajTb As^xe nosApaBHTaiLHOfi TexerpaifMu, ho ne 
AOiRAaica. noTOifL, Bib qa^y 6ucTpo cMinHBrnnxcfl oaho ApyrsH-b 
HeapijiTHUx^ BneqaTJBimB, & nosaCujrB o&b axoMi; ho xenepb noio- 
spj^Hie Moe npoBpaTHJiocB TOxqacB se bi yBipeEHOCTB. 

— Bh, aojisho 6utb, 3£^epacajiH Tejerpamiy MoeS MaxepH?— cnpo- 
chjh* fl JlyqesapoBa BdBOJiHOBaHHHMi rojocoMi*. 

— ^a, fl AOJUKOHi* Bi> dxoMx cosHaxBGH... A'^^^HxeJibHo...— xopo- 
niHBO saroBopiuL'B ohi:— ho... BHAHxe-jm. Bu ho bbhexb ifena. Sly no 
;i;oju*y cjnyssfiH (KOHe^HO, Easi a ee HOHHMaiD), ho mofb nepeAaxB 
BaMi xofi xejuerpavMu. 

— noqeMy-ae? 

— noxoHy ^0... ona noKasaiacB vsk noAoapnxeiBHofi. 

— ^o;^08pHxeIBHOfl? TejerpaMMa Moefi MaxepH? 

— Jifl., TenepB-xo a BHsy, paayMiexca, qxo h oniHfiajicH, ho 
xor^a... 

— Bora paAH cKascHxe csopte, b'B newb saKJiD^ajiacB te^ie- 
rpaMMa? 

— CnpamHBajEocB o s^opoBBH h nocujaAOCB HOSApaBienie. 

— n xojBKO? Eose Moftl no3ApaBj[eHie 6iuio ci ^newb Moero 

fOmjlfiBlH... ?X0 MOrJUH BU TJTb 3aHOA08pHXB? 

— Jifikl HO no?eMy se ne 6hj[0 ynoMAHyxo, cb ^!bwb hmohho 
Bac^ nosApaBJTHJiH? JIhhihhx'b KaRHX*B-HH6yAB ABa cjOBa... ABaAi^axb 

KOH'itoK'B... H HH^erO 6bI 8X0X0 He CjyqHJIOCB! 

— TejierpaHMa 6uj[a cb ynjoqOHHHM'B oxBixom? 

— M- 

— H BH HH^era ne oxb4xhjhh xoxb canH? 

— Hixi. 

— Ho bbe MorjiH 6u, no RpafiHeft M'&pi, cooCqhxb unt, qxo no- 
JiyqHJiacB xejerpaSua, Koxopas ne MOsexi» hwub Bu^aHa? H, npaBO, 
He 3Hai), EaRHMB HMeHOMB GJniAy^XB HasBaxB Bamii nocxynoKii. IIo- 
HHMaexe jlh bu, sam noaniACTBia mofl ohb bh^xb? Hoh MaxB — 
6lAHafl MaxBl — qxo OHa noAyMajia, ho noiiyqHB'B oxBixa? ?xo ona xe- 
nepB AyvaoTB h qyBcxByexB nocjii xpexi» hoa'^jib HanpacHaro osh- 
AaHifl! Ona cana Morjia saxBopaxB h ajbolq yiiepexB ci ropa! npeA** 
cxaBJUD ce6i, crojibso HaqajiBCXBi> ona oSonuia, npe»A6 ^'birb naxRHy- 
jacB, HaEonem) sa cocxpaAaxejBHyi) jijmj. 

— A&1 dxo BipHO, 8X0 Btpno. TopBEaa npaB^a. SI ne noAyMajB 
B^ xo BpeMfl; a, A^cxBHxejiBHo, BHHOBaxB nepoAit Bam. Mu nocnt- 
maiTL HcnpaBHXB omeGsy. A xejierpa^Hpyn caHOBHOMy JiHity, Eoxopoe 
cnpaniBBaexi... CsasHxe: qxo HiieHHO a jiosMewh nanHcaxB? 

Si CB cepAi(eMi> oxB^qajiB, qxo mh% HtxB hh Mailfimaro A^a Ao 
canoBHaro JiHi^a, qxo oho He ko mhI odpanxaexcH, h owb MoaRexi» 
oxBtqaxB oMy qxo xoqexi. 



26 PrCCROB BOFATCTBO. 

— Ho Bce-TaKH... UanHcaxB: 9AopoBi>, Co^pi? 

— noBTopjii): nHfflHTe, hto bbm% jtoji^o. fl uomjm Teierpamiy 
cavoft MaiepH. 

— npeEpacHO, npeBpacHo. Bote 6yMara, ca;^HTecB h anniHTe cek- 
naci> ace. Botb h AiaHSH ;^a»6 a^ TOJierpavifi. 7 MeHfl OBiBcerj^a 
ecTb. neniHTe, nosajryftcra, a aeireAJieHHO otoidjud sa crasiQiD. BHScy, 
qTO fl AOcraBDjnb Bairb cBJiBBoe orop^eaie. Bt» BUHimBiA epeMesa 
noAo6Bafl npaBAsasBocTB kb poABTeiairB pl^^RocTB, h oaa cbjibbo MeHH 
Tporaexi. 

dm pa3BB3H£Ifl ClOSa, OTB ROTOpUX'B BiflJ[0 6e3C6p;i;e^s£iMi> oaMO- 
^^OBOJIBCTBUITB, ODflTB B30pBaiH MeBfl. fl CBOBa pa3pa3BJ[Cfl ropBRHMH 

ynpeRauH. 

— IIpeojEiAyflTe MeHH, ocEopSraiiTe, — csasajnb a cb sepBBOft 
AposcBD H cjnesaiiH vb rojioci: — ^yHHsaflTe, HyqBTel H ^ejioBtsB co 
cBflsaHHuvH pyRaMH H BecB vb Bameft BJOLacTB... Ho no KaxoMy se 
npaBy e sa ^to nynHre bs HenoBHHHBixB bh bi ^ewb jiOAeft — kod 

MaXB, H0HX^ pOAHUXl? 

JIyqe3apoBT> sa VBHyxy, RasajEOCB, paciepfljicfl, noKpacH'ki'B, Kasi 
iiioBi, H Be 3Hajix, mto A'i^aTB, qio roBopHTB. 

— a, KaaeTca, He My^HJTB BacB, neocKopCjuMB,— aenexajTB offB — 
COBCiHB As^e HanpoTHBB... . 

— E Bu roBopHTe oto Be npoTHBi cob^ctb? — npoAOAacai'B h cBoe 
HanaACBie: bu He ccRop&iflJH MeHH bb HcropiB (tb npofioeifB? bo 
Bcixi HecnpaBeAJBHBiiixi apBasHMEaxB h npHAHpEaxB, ROTopuH A^aiiH 
apecTaHTaiiB, bi> tomb ^HCJii b meI? Bti nojirarajiH, qxo a pasHO- 
AyiBBo cMOTpn Ha to, ^to vb TiopBMi npojHBaercs RpoBB h coBep- 
maeicfl BaApyrame HaA'B soBn^HHoft? 

— SL BBxy, vro bu xenepB cbjtbho BSBOJiHOBaHu h ho 3BaeTe, uto 
roBopHTe, — 0Tfit<iajii> JlyqesapoBB, noHHsan foaocb bo^th ao koh^h- 
AOHi^iajBHaro monota. — BuAah, 6paTei^, 3a AsepBl — oGpatHjicH oh'b 
rpoBEO RB CTOBBmeMy lyTB se vb pyasBeMi qacoBPicy. Totb neiieA- 

JOHHO nOBBHOBaJIGH. 

— CoBepmeBHO HanpacHo bbbbto bu MeHH sa OTHomefiiH r^b ape- 
craHTaMB, HaqajB owb CBoe oopaBAaflie. — ?to RacaexcH BacB jrH<iHO, 
TO RaRB Mory h BUA^JiaTB sacrB nsi ofin^eft Maccu? y mobh h^tb 
Aase npasa na dTo. Bi ncropiH cb npo6oeMB, nanpBMip'B, h yuy- 
CTHJI^ Aase hsi BBAy nepBonaqajBHO, ^to bu Cujih bti axoft caMoft 
Banep']^... 

— Ho HeyseiH bu ao chxb nop'B HCRpeHHO ytf^sAOHU, tfo Cujh 
npaBU bb atoit HCTopiH? 

— Bbahto jle ^to. Bu cyAHTe, RaRi qacrnoe aHn;o h oTqacTH 
Hi^CROJiBEo aaHHiepecoBaBHoe... HoaRHO cRasaTB, nocxpaAaBmee... Bu 
He BB cocTOflBiH BHHRHyTB BB nojioxeHle MUfiy BaqajiBCTByian^aro naA'B 

TaRHMB... XaRHMB CJIOSHUM'B yHpeiRAOBieMB, RaR'B RaTOpSRHafl TDpBMa. 

fl coMHtBaiDCB A^se, Tro6u bu ycniJiH xoponro y3HaTB, ^to sa apTHcru 
rocnoAa apecTaHTU. Bu cihhiromi a^ dxoro HeoHBrmu bi> sbshh h... 



Bl MlPfi OTBEPHBBHUXl. 27 

ciHmxoM'b HeEcnop^eHUl Aaa Toro, ^Tro(>u x^pxaTb hz'b b% jBjs.'k, 
HjacHO yjitib 6uTb cTpamHuirB, Hysso ynorpe&uiTB Bpeiia otb spe- 
uoHH rpo3HUfl Kipul 

— ^a! Ho Bce-raKH cnpaBeAiHBSfl nipH.,. 

— KOHe'lHO, ROHeHHO. no B081IOSH0CTH. 3Ha6Te-AH BKL, HaUpE- 

nipB, ?T0 BooHofi HUHimEflro ro^a a noiy^Hjrb OBtAiHk o noAroroB- 
juBmeMCfl no6irt h o tomi, hto ofi,nwb hs^b sthxi aprHcroBi naxo- 
XBTCfl HtfeHHo Bi Bamoft KaMepi? 

H BonoMHHJTb nrasaxx CoKOJi&i^eBa h npoKOji^ajTB. JlyiesapoBi 
flpOAOisaji'B: 

— fie TaRi-TO lerEO pimaiOTCfl BonpocH, RaR'b Bairb Raseicfl, 
OcTpacTKa 6iiJia fieo6xoAHMa. SI xopomo SHai) RaTopsHufi jupi, a 
MfiCRTh yse jAtl nwbto HecqacTBe bocth SHaROMCTBO ci dtHMH apra- 
CTauH/>dB[o npHSHancb Ban: na^aiBCTBo HaA'BlIIejiafieRHirbpyAHHROH'B 
fl npHHflJii CT» oaHUMH pa;(ysHuiiH iieHTaHiflMH, cb Bipofi Bl ^eJEO- 
BriRa, Aa»e h saRJueftMeHHaro noBopoMi, h cb HaAeasAoft) ^o A'a 
HcnpaBJueHia h ofiysAaHia ero AOcxaio^iHO oah^X'l yrposi h o6e[?hhx'i> 
irbpi> HaRasaHifl... IIoBtpBTe: a cepBOBHO hci noiHuirB y^bsAOHleiTB 
roBopHJU... oepeA^ crpoeirB roBopHJTb... ^o He xo^y npHOiraxB ri 
TibiecHOHy HaRadamiD. M ho npH6trB 6Br! 

— Ho OAHaRo npafiirjiH? Bti naRaaajiH Aase seHn^HHy, OAknaiH 

TO, ^eWh BOnOMHHTB HOJEBSfl 6681 ooAporaHifl! 

— K% ^OMy laRl CHJEBHO ^BOTBOBaTB?.. 3HaeT6-JIS BU, HTO 8T0 

6ujia 8a seHn^Hsa? 

— Bee paBHO. Basflo ne to, RaRaa ona, a to, ?to osa 
xeHii^HHa. 

— Ho ^m) SI MHi 6hiJL0 jim^thf Si BHA^n, ^TO Bci APyriH 
cpoACTBa, npeAOcraBJieHHUfl mhI saROHoirB, 6e8CHiBflH, ^o pacny- 
n^eHHocTB H HarjiooTB 8T0& TBapH AOXOABTB AO seBosuosHaro, H 8Ha- 
nenie BiacTH TaRi* hjih Hna^e osijijeTb noAA^psaxB. 

— H po8raMH| BH ATMaexe, noAA^psajiH ero? Bb ubxi 8to 
riasaxi? HsBicTHO-jui BaiTB, RaR'b caMK apecxasTBi oxHocaTca ri 
T&iecHOMy HaRasaHii)? 

— Ohh cxpaniHO ero 6oATca! 

— Aa, CoaTCfl $H8BqecRaro My^eHia. Bca se HpaBcxBeHHaa cxo- 
poHa dxoft Rapu jsfio. 6oj[BmHHCTBa ho cyn^ecxByerB. Ssaexe-JiH bu 
xaRsce, qxo nm6oTk apecxaHxi> npeAnoqxexB posra Hicai^y xasRaro 
saRJiD^OHia b^ Rapi^epl? HxaRi, nOBTopan, Wh m>EVb se rjaaax^ 
noAA^paRaJiH bu npecxHaR'B BJiacxa? Yst* ho bi> rjasaxi-AH o6paso« 
BBHHaro icipa? Ho mejtajiH-JiH Gbt bs, qxo6i ne^axB pycoRaa h aa* 
rpaHB^aaa Basusajia same hmb bi cbbsh cb xaRHMi ^aRXOMi, RaRi 
nopyraaie JseHii^HHu? HasbpHoe, Hixi>? Bu AOCXHria sxhitb ^aRXOM'B 
OABoro, 9X0 8auapajiH csoe HMal 

— ^OBOJIBHO, AOBOJIBHO. HpeRpaXBHl 8X0TB paSFOBOp'B. XOT&I'B 

6u a nocMoxplxB aa xoro, rto ocir&iHJica sanapaTB Moe ana! 

— A ae Hirbjrb bi BEAy ocRop&iaxB Baoi>, a xojebro oxRpuxB 



28 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

BdbWb rjiasa Ha nacTOflmee noiosenie Ben^et. TiuiecHiiirE HaKasaHiflMH 
MOSHO, no HOeiiy MHiHiD, h HeHcnopTOHHsixi XDAeft HCnopxHTb, 
OROHqaTeJEBHO UpHBHSHBlk Wb HEXl ^JBCTBO qOIOBl^eCKarO AOCTOHH- 

cTBa, sacTaBBBi yipaTHTb noGjrlAH»K> HOKpy ct£ia&- 

— B08MOSHO, KOHeqHO, ^TO H Bu npaBU. fl A^ficraoBan b-b no- 
puBi^ orqaflHifl. Bdb moh Ao6pufl HairbpeHifl h niaHU TepntiH o;iho 
8a Apyrnm KpymeHifl, a bbj^^jh* Kpyrom o^ay ^epcTBys) He6j!aro- 
AapHOCTb H HHSOCTB. Caui TocnoAB BorB Bumejii 6u sa uoewb 
Micrb H8i> TepniHifl! Bo BCflsoM'B cxy^at a nocrynaii la ooHOBaHiH 
aasoHa. Hai* ope^^'bioBi saROHHOCTH a He BuxoAHai. ?to A^jiaxB, 
eciH H saROHu HamH eme HecoBepmeHHu? BoiBme BcerOfBnpoqeBfB, 
oropqaeirB mohh, ^to h npH^HHHi'B Tafia HenpiaTHOOTH Bamett Ha^ 
TyiOKi. He Mory-JiH a ^Mi-HHSyxB sarxaAHTB cbod BHHy ne- 
pe^i Hen? 

SI MOJiqa nosaA'B nje^auH. 

— 0;^HaKO? HojiyMaSTe.., He nocaaiB jih uwb eft otb cefia Tejie- 
rpaMMy? 

— 9to iHHiHee. ByjiBie ;i;o6pH — OTonuHre ceroAHa se botb eiy 
MOD TeJcerpaMMy. dxoro 6yAeTB AocraTo^iHO. ?to cAiiano, Toro ne 
BepayTB. IIosejiaeirB tojibro, 9to6bi BiipeAB He ciy^aiocB hoaoGhhx'b 
HeAopaayifiHift. 

— ^ HMeHHO, HeAopasyHtaiftl botb HacToaaiee cjiobo... BecBMa 
nenaiBHoe HeAopasyirbHie. 

3a6paBib cbod nociuKy, a pacKiaaajiGa h nocnimHJn* bt> TiopBMy^ 
noJiHHft ropeGTHUxi* qyBCTBi h Mucieft MarepH, toitb, ^to ^OJisHa 
6uiB, Bucrpa^aTB 3a 8th yaRacHua xpa HOAtiH Moa 6bAHaa crapyniEa. 
BnocjrbACTBiH a nojTfqai'B orB Hea hhcbmo, vb Roropoirb Ouah ohh- 
caHU Bcrb ea HyRR, hhcbmo, pacrepsaBmee mh^ cepAi^e... He snaio. 
qyBCTBOBajfB iH RaRia-HH6yAB yrpusoHia cob^cth GpaBuft nrraCcB-Ra- 

DHTaHli, HO QOCJI'fa OHHCaHHOft GetAjlja CO MHOK) A^nnaTB Vb TDpBMt 

cxa JO OHHTB lerqe: npoRpaTHJica aa BpeMa cfincTB posorB, casaaia bx 
Rapi^epi, aameHia crhaor'b. ?to RaoaoTca apecraaTOB'B, to ohh ho CAt- 
jiajiHCB, Rone^Ho, hh xyse, he xy^Hie otb aioro Hoaaro Biaaia jiyqe 

SapOBCROfl HOJDITHRH. 

(OKOHHome CMhdjfeim). 

n. MeJIblUNHl. 



TBHT). 



xvin. 

Oj^wwb Hdi AOCToiHiftmiixi npej^crasBTejieft acTopH^eoRoft Haysa 
Hamero BpeiieHH oroio ^erseprH BiiM Tony HssaAi ropbico ctio- 
Ban, HTO HCTopifl bo ^paHi^jiH r jifiose wb TepiiaHiH coBepmoHHo 
yrpaTua nay^Hoe cnosoScTBie h deanpHCTpacme, npespaTHJiacL B-b 
opjAie napriSHoft hjeh iiesAyHapoABOfi bojihthrh. YqeHEit Haxo- 
AiijrB ce6fl BUHysAeHHHirB apRMHpHTbcfl G% aTHiTB il^aRTOM'B H no- 
ompfljTb ^paHi^yscRHxi hotophrobi^ BucrynHTb €co nunron h MenoirBt 
npoTHBi sapeftHCRHX'B j^QEurb naxpiOTOBi ^). 

3to 6hjio aobojibho CHtioe sanKieHie, ho oho He ocraiocB oah- 
HiniHuii*b. noayjupHitim HMena HCTopnROBrb Ha saiia^iA hohs^ 

Ifi^HHO C0np0B0SAtkH)TCfl BeCLUa 0Ilp6A&l[6HHHMH IipeACTaBJieHiflHH TOlTb 

HiH Apyroin» noiHTH^ecRoirb HanpaBieniH,— -h caMH hctopbrh, vb pojicb 
MoMMseHa, Tpeft^Re, ^aBHxa niTpayca — otrpobohho coBHajoTOH wb 
CBOOM'B npHcrpacTiH Kb sHBofi RpHTE^ecRofl MuoiH o6nteoTBeHHaro 
«o;iepacaHii[. CoBepmeHHO bi> hhoitb OBiirb BSRaBiiBaers ce6a Tbhi^. 
Mu BHaem, ci xaROH noRopHocTsi) h paBHOAyniieirb on* Borpb- 
tbjtb nepBue roAU HanoieoHOBCRoi bjercth h npespHrei&Ho OTpjix* 
Hyjn» npan coBpeMeHHUx'b HOJiarHqecRHxi BonpocoBi on* hofb 
CBOHXi. Ci rbxi nop% ofb ho iiepecTaBaJii yBfbpflTb "wraTejieft, ^o 

tO^BHb MBJIO U)6HTb HOlHTHRy, H BOCbMa — HCTOpiR»» '), BOHRltt paSl 

npeAynpesARTb, qro i^bia ero — HCKODqETOJibHO Hay^Hua, qro, HanpH- 
Mtpb, OHb xoHOTb oiipe;ri^HTb noHHTie npEqHHH, — ^h HHqero Connie, 
«pa8cuoTpbTb BToro ?ej[OBiRa», t. e. KyasHa, <6y;^o ohb san jv^i 
TfiicaqH jrbTb TOMy Ha3aAi», a oaarb «Haqero ^pyroroi; qTO acTopix) 
owh GyAOTb naeaTb no^oCao HaiypaxacTy a ae npasaaerb caaRaRot 
;ipyroft ii(lu», Rpoirfc crpoacaimett aayqaoora '). 

Moserb noRasaTbca B:bGROJibRo noAOsparejtbaHM'b Taaoe ycep^ie 
CO CTopoBH aBTopa npa BcaRoirb cjyqai saRvaaaTb nyCjiaay bi> 
cBoeMi CesnpacrpacTia a Aase GescTpaoria. H aa caaoMi A'bJrk, ycep* 



*) Be la mani^re cTicrire Fhistoire en France et en AUemagne depuis 
tinquante ans. Revue dee deux Mondes, 1872, 1 Sept 241. 
•) Esaais. p. 27a 
*) CPiuoc. XIX e., 9,55; Upouex, coepeM, (Dpauiriu, p. hb^. V. 



30 pyCGROE BOrjLTCTBO. 

Aie 8T0 HnqTOHHoefKaKiBMeHHonoiHTHKa. TdWh OTL Haqajia ao KOHiia 
He nepecTaBaii npeoilxoBaTB HSBtcTHufi uozwrnnQCKii npHHQBirb, 
H'bHflfl n neperoiROBHBafl ero coo6pa8HO o6cTOflTejn»cTBaMx. 

Brb Hawaii /^toibhootb HanrE 4)H40co^ — HecoMHiHHo AOKOKpaTi. 
HMeHHO KysBHa, o ROTopoMii TdH^ oCtman roBopBTb cb nojett- 
lUHM'B 6e3apHCTpa(meif'B, oht» noABepraerB secrOKOMj Bs^^iBaTeACTBy 
sa HAeaJKB3aI^I) o6niecTBeHHux'B nopBACOBi XVII-ro Bina h pHcyen 
6e3noi]i;aAHo Mpa?HUMH BpaoRaMH ^acTHyD h noJiBTH^ecKyi) Hpas- 

CTB6HH0CTB B8aiIlH£IXT» MapSHSOB'b B SHaTHUX'B BpHHI^eBl. 

TorB ace OTpHi^aTexBHHft TOfli bi lIupeHeiicKOMz nymemecmevu 
npe H3o6paseHiH cB^TCKaro otio^eoTBa h pasHuxi tabobi TypHCTOBi» % 
Bi xapaKTepHCTHKarB Jia^OHraHOBORHXi repoeBi: sAicb €pa6cTB0 h 

HaXaAI>CTBO» npHBHaDTCB 06lIHHH[MH eBOfiOTBaMH OaMUXl BUCmHX'b 

jipeACTaBHTejieft o6ii^ecTBa, <BU8HBax>n(afl ;(ep30CTB npeAi* ^aRTaMH h 

JSIDABHH', HBOnOCOfiHOOTb JifiXi^ Bl BpOCTOlCB paSFOBOpi 06ottTHCB 6e8l 

OQKop6jiieHifi — TBROBi apHCTORpaTB BiRa JIdj^obhrb XIY s). Boo6nie 
RjiaocHqeoRBfl enoxa CBoero po^a b£te noire mk Tasa nBTBABCflTUxi 
roAOBB. Owh He hosbtb ROOHyrBos hh oahofo nHeareifl, hh oahofo 
co6htui b31» i^apcTBOBaHifl BexHRaro Ropojur, hto6u p^qB ero He npe- 
BpaxHiaoB vh ptsRyx) caiapy. 

Ooo6eHHo CeHi-CHHOH'B, BBTopx BHaMeHHTHXB neiiyapoB'B, AaeTi> 
euy OoraT&ftHiift MaiepBAJTB. IIpeAcraBHBi> paAi npHirJ^poBi* BsyMH- 

TeiBHO HHSRarO ROpHCTOlDOifl H arOHSMa SHaTHifimEX'B ABopsHi, 

TdBT* daRiD^aerB: «mii noHHHaeifB TenepB ofioisaHie, aisHOCTH, pa- 
AocTESfl ciesii, ROJsiHonpeRJiOHeHifl npsABopHuxi npe^^ hxi rocno- 

ABHOMl. npBBiTCTBOBaiH irbmORli (TB ?epBOHI^aUH, ROTOpUft AOiiseH^B 

6hji['B HanoxHBTB Hxi RapiiaHii, h naiRy, roTOByH) hbObtb hxi Bpa- 

rOBli*. ABTOpi HaXOAHTB, nOBHAHMOMy, BeiHROe yAOBOJIBGTBie BUBO- 
AHTB Ha CB^TB fiOXifl deSROHe^HUH upenHpaTOJiBCTBa UpHABOpHBIXl 

H81-8& MOJiRHXii oTJiHqift, HSii-Ba HpaBa soHu CBAtTB Ha xafiyperb, 
B8i>-8a HecRasaHHaro c^aGTBH — isABTB b^b RopojieBCRBX'B Rapeiaxi. 
Teny HeBOJUBHO npflnoMBHaioTGfl RHTaitcRie MaHAapsHBr, a RorAa oht* 
oHHOUBaerB saROHOAaTeiBHutt nopaAORi* uTHOCHTeiBHo H63aE0HHBixi> Ai- 
xeft RopoAM,— OMy ex ROfli;a XVII-ro BtRa y«e qyexca 1789-ft roAT» •). 
En^e flp^e HH^TosecxBo craparo ^pani^ydCRaro ABopaHCTBa bhaho 
Hsi cpaBHOHia ci aHTJuflcRofi apHCTORpaTiefi. H Tbhi nojEBsyeTca 
aTHMi cpaBHemeMii hto6iii noRaaaxB uaMi rjiyOoRift nojiHTHqecRift 

GMUCJI'B, HCTHHHO-Hai^iOHaiBHBlfi XapaRTOpi, 6JIH300TB Kb HapOAHUHl 

HHiepecaM'B — aHrjdflcRHX'B JiopAOBi h RacroBoe npoAaacHoe Tn^easaeie 
(|)paHi(y3CRofi sHaxH, ea nojiHifimyx) oxopBannocxB ho xojlbro oxi na- 
pOAa, jifiSRQ oxi rocyAapcxBa, «BpasAe6flocxB ri* ]^HBHj[H8ai]iH, nopaARy 
H o6ni6cxBeHHOvy MHpy», MeiRiM AecnoxHSMi h bi to ase Bpenfl pa6* 



^) Voyage aux^Fyreneis. Le monde, SffS. 

*) «Le commerce de seryilit^ et d'arrogaiiee». Im Fontaine. 102, 109, 113. 

•) Essais. 215—218. 



TBHl. 31 

CKie HHCTHHKTH. 8x0 COBepinOHHO 6e8HaA6SHafl KpHTHKa H Oda, KO- 

Heuo, Aaerb Tdfly nojiHoe npaso BOsiiyii^aTLCfl qysHMH nomiTRaMH — 
nepeHecTH aHfJiificKie nopaASH aa ^paHi^yscRfX) no^ay. fl^ co3AaHia 
y ^^paai^ysofii €AeBcoRpaTHqecKOfi» h cnonyjuip^ii» apHCTOEpaiiH 
AarjiiH, npainjEocB 6u nepeAlJaxB jip cbmuxl ochob'b npnpoAy 
^paHnyaa *). 

O^eBHAHO, GKOJIBKO 6u TffWb HE SaB'bpflll HaCB, HTO OHl HO 8a- 

HHMaeTCfl nojiHTHKOft H €0 HacTOfln^eifi ^paai^H AJHaerB He 6ojii>ine« 
^in fluoHckHxi» bah MeROHRaHCKHxi» jsikMATbT^, — vb pesyjiBTarb bs- 
xoAHTb o^oHB RpacHopi^BBan o6iiiecTBeHHafl ^HAOco^^ia. Taaii jifiOLs 

pkDaerCA npOTHBOCTaBBTB C0Bp6MeHH£Ill» J[I)A6ft, «BOCnHTaHHUX'B Bl 

paBeHCTfit», paficRoiiy Tpenexy qeioBiRa XYII-ro aiRa nepeAi bug- 
mHMH, ero HHTpHraHTCTay h aocth paAH KapBepH *). JiflSR^ Gouine. 
Owb flBHO co^yBCTByerb pasBHTUD cpeABAro Riacca, na crojibko diouy 
cnoeo6cTBOBajia peBOJiniyfl, t. e. uepeMimieHie co6cTBeHHocTH h31> 
pyKi* npHBHJurerHpoBaHHux'B tjhohaiiobi wb pyRH a^toibhuxii npo- 
HaBOAHTweft,— H Tbhi pHcyen CHjiBHyv h npaBAHByjo RaprHny BcecTO- 
poHHHro paaBfliifl npoMunueHHOCTH, sHaHiH, npocainKeHifl, rocyAap- 
CTBeHHaro (JoraicTBa — Bce npn ycHJiaxi cpeAHaro Eiacca % 

HaROHei^'b, y aaci octb en^e fiojrbe yfiiAHxejiBHoe AORaaaiejiBCTBO 
noiRTHqecRHxi HJiH, HO Kpafiflefi Mfbpi, nponoB6AHH9eoKHXi» crpeu- 
jLemti TdHa. HesaBHCHMO otb HOTopin h hotophrob'b oh^ BucRasaii 
Bi» Bscmeft cTeneHH JuoCoiiHTHiifi npHHAnnii xyAOsecraeHHoft RpH- 
thrh, — npHHi^HDiiy iipeaaTHft caMOfl Kpafiaefi TenAOHiiiodEocTSK), na 
RaxyH) TOJiBKo caocofieH'B iBTepaxypHuft oyABfl. He a&POitb npo Tana 
CRasaHO, qxo hhrxo cCajiBme ero ho ocysAUii> h ae onpaBAfiiBaii» *). 
H HHa'ie He ]ion> nocxynaxB nacaxeJUB, HapeRajonpfi xaayi) HCXBHy: 

<IIpH OAHHaROBHX'B BO BceiTB ocxauHOiTB ycJiOBiflxi, npoHSBeAOHie, 
BupasaH)niee OiaroxBopnufi xapaRxep'b, Biime npOHBBeAeHifl, Bupa- 
sann^aro xapaRT6p^ sjioTBopHiifi. Hn AByxi abhhuxi npoHSBeAOHiii, 
ecjiH vb oCoKTb npH OAHHaROBO xajiaHXjiHBOH'b BcnoiHeHiH BuaeAeHH 
OAHHaROBo RpynHSfl npapoAHua chjiu, npoHSBeAOHie, npeAcxaBJUuomee 
nam repofl, Jiy^me tofo, bi soTopoMi H3o6paseffB aeroAflfi^ ^). 

Eojiie cxpaHHyD haoid xpyAHo h npeAcxaBHXB wb o&taGXH uaynHoti 
RpHTiKH, H AOcxoRHcxBa 8Toi HAOH. pasyiiiexGa, HeMeAJieHHO H o6Ha- 
pysHBaiDxcii, RorAaA o6poAtxejiBH£[fl repoHHH aHrjuificRHxx poMaHOBi* 
^HRReHca H jijBOLe Pn^apACOHa oRasuBaiDxcfl Bunie meRoimpoBCROft 
Kjieonaxpu h ji8ah MaR6exi» hih AoHi>-EHXOxa CepaaHxeca. 

Ho AJifl Hacb BasHH ne axxecxaxu HpaaciBeHHofi spljiocxH, bu- 
AaaaeiiHe xpHOyHaJOMt Taaa oxA*JibHHin> nacaxeJWM'B h repoairb,— 



*) lb. 301-313. 

») lb. 216. 

*) lb. 294. 

^ Braneti^e. L'Eoolutian, 265. 

') 9m«fvi o(h weicyeemen, pyccs. i^. 173. 



22 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

a ero oCmcM HaRiOHKOCTB bo tfo 6si to hh cxaio HspeKaTb npHro- 
Bopu npoKmuuecKaio cBoftcTBa. H HeooMffbHEO ci noAoGHOt HauoH- 
HOCTLD iiHcaTejiio TP7AH0 yAopsaTBca Ha Bueorb 4>c^TH9ecRoft ec- 

THHBI H nOJIOaCHXeiBHOt OnpaBOAJIHBOOTfl. MaB, ]i,0 6e3R0H6?H0CTK pa3- 

Hoo6pa3H£i ^eioBtqecBia npeAcxaBieHiii o ffAatomeopnocmu h sAomeop- 

HOCmU H SaBHCarB OHH OTL MHOFHX'B qaCTO BHtniHHXl> 06CT0flT6J[B0TB%. 
?T0 KasaJIOCB y^eEOMJ KpHTHRy nOlOaCHTeiBRUlfB BI TpH^UaTB, TO 

coBepmoHHO bi ApyroirB CBiTi Koxen abutbcji vb copoRi JLivb. 

nMOHHo Tan's H npoHcxoABTB (TB Tbaoitb. OhI) no namypfb ho 
tiuTB cnoco6evL ri TaROft qHcrott h BosBumeHHot HayqHoft pa6oTt, 
ROTopofi 6e3npecTaHH0 tbopahxb. Bc% Ao6pua HaH'fipeHifl orpaHH^H- 

BaXHCB 06BIRH0B6HH0 HpeAEOIOBifiVH H BCTynJieHiBHH. SoXfl J^fefiCTBH- 

T6IBH0 MorB Buxo^iiHTB H31 TopalHifl, BHAfl pasHTeJiBHilinee npOTHBO- 
piqie 11631^ T8HOBCRoft uporpaMVoS iracjrbAOBaHift h cMuejioirB h co- 
^epacaHieirb ero pafioTB *). 

Ho MS He CraHeMl yBJORaTBCH CHJIbHEIVH qyBCTBaHH pOMaHHCTa, 

a noBOAeMi) ^aiBine cBOt pasSopi nojiHTH^edRHXi Boasptrnft Tana. 

Ohh A&JieRo He ocraBajHCB Ha o;(ho8 h TOft ace no«iBi^, — nanpo- 
THBi, fleofiu^aflHO 6HCTpo HsirbHHiH BeoB cBOfi xapaRTepi. KpHTH^e- 
CRifl HAeH TeHa Moryn noxBa^iHTBCfl pi^KOft ycroSuBOCTBD. Orb Ry- 
Bena ao IQeEcnHpa n PacHHa ms HMteM'B yAOBoiBCTBie BCTpiqaTB 
Bli^HO oj^o H TO se BorynieHie wh xapaRrepHCTHRi nHCaTeu: dlo 
cjory cyjflTB oCi yirt. Cjiopb oTRpiiBaerB ^oc^oACTByx)^^yI) cnoco6- 
HOCTB yMa»,— HO, Ri yptBJieHiD, oahht» h tqtb se Rjix>qi bi pas- 
HEZfl BpeMena OTRpuBaerB pasHue ceRpeT£i,^TO loMtcKiA xemAy to 
nMCGunecKvA dyx^, to AByjiHiHyn cnponacTBiiejioqeft h njiyTOBCTBa», 
TO Heo6uqaftHORyjiBTypHoe h yfiJieRaTejiBHoe i^apcTBo eaioHHaro BRyca. 

Mosho jm noBipETB, ^o opEO H TO se nepo padoSia^Hio b% sh- 
BOTHHXi* Jla^HTeHa npnnii^eBi h napRHSOB'B JlD^iiOBHRa XIY h na- 
fipocaio Ha 6yMary cjri^iyDnufl mucjih: 

Mh ho aojishs cyARTB o6i apHCTORpaTH^ecRoirb o6ii^ecTBi Riac- 
cH^ecROft enoxH na ocHOBaHiH BOaJiefi HanmrB aodTOBi h no cHamHifL 
ajredettcRHiTB HpaBairB*. Ectb oco6eHHafl Rpacora bt> Taianrfc xopomo 
roBopHTB, HanpHH'bp'B, vh Hepont, H8o6jiHqai)ni;eui ArpHnoHHy aobo- 

ABVH CaMBIMH H3lICRaHRlIMH H npeSpiHieiTb CaiaiM% BiSJIHBUMl. Ha 

8T0]n» Taj[aHr6 jiesHTb orne^aTOR'B «BUcmaro yxa h HecpaBHeaHaro 
BocnHTaHifl*. «H * ocMtiHBaiDCB A&S6 HATH A&^nie» fl npHxosy b^ 
BOCTopri(je me transporte) cpe^H HpaBOBB XVH-ro BiRa».Ho aroro 

majIO, — RpHTHK'B, BOCXHE^eHHUft H, O^OBHAHO, HeMHOFO OTyMaHeHHUft 

CBOHifL BocToproMi, co3HaeTCH, HTo ouy <6oxBme spaBHTCfl npecrya- 
HHRx cBticRifi qejTOBtR'B, CTOJBL SO Biofi, HO jy^me SaMaCRHpOBaH- 
Hu&>, q'bMi, HanpHMipi, meRCEHpoBCRift PHqap^b HI ')» H Bce paBHo 
EaRi paHBme y naniero asTopa Be flaxoAHio aon^aAU cHaxaJtBCTBO* 



*) €B. Eep.*. napuotocK, nuchm, 1876, V, 416. 
V Nouveawn Essais. 181, 182. 206. 



TdWh. 33 

^pHOTOKpaxoBi, xenepB ero pi^ He 3HaeTL npe^^OBi bi socxBaie- 
HiH HAeajKBHoS RfiBTypHocTH TiTb S6 repooBi. 

TaiCl MiHADTCfl HayqHHA HCTHHill 

Ho A^o dTHMi He KOH^aercfl. PanBine ms crainajiH otb Tana 

OqeHB HCKyCHJK) OfiBHHHTeJTBHyi) pi^b npOTHBB HCTOpHRPB'B^ H36HpaK>- 

moxi HCTopii) AU san^HTU H%iK)6jieHH0t HOJiHTH^ecROH xeopiH. TaRB 
4BJ[oco4>CTBOBaTB o'ieHb jerso, no MHiHUo Taea. IlHcaTeji[b cbo6oaho st- 
pHTb TOicy, BO ^To xo^OTB srlpHTB, H ijfdkKm noKb ero pyKaHH npn- 
Myn sasyi) yroAHo ORpacRy, pHiuuiHe, rpoRH, aHrwiane ORasyrb 
BCfiRyx) TpefiyexyD ycj[yry. KHsra Buiflfivb BecBMa sEBaa, noBRafl, 
BiiroAHafi AJUi aBTopa h yH^epdi noiepnHTL Jiunb HCTopin. ABiopi, 
M^Tb HCTopBKa HpeBpaTHBHiHCb BB HoiHTHRa, fiyAorb saHHTepecoBaHi 
vh cyn^HoeTH HocmojitmiMz, apenoAacTL ^HaMl» j/paia, ho aa to ho 
nofiiierb $ipouMa%o 0* 

Tasi paacysAan Tasb bb eohj^ naTHAecflTUX'B foaobi. Bi> K0Hi],i 
1871-ro 6iiJ[a Haaacafla craTbfl OcHoeanie ceo6odmil vikoau noAumu- 
HeoKum naytcb '). Ofla fieayoioBHO paapuBaia co BctifH nponuuMH 
pasroBopaifH aBTopa o ^acrofi 663CTpacTH0i nayKi, ho paapHBajna no . 
cBoeiiy cmicjiy, a ho no ^opxi. Tbht* h Tenepb ycHiBBajica coxpa- 

HHTb BO BC6H CBtSeCTfl H A'i^BCTBeHHOft HeapHKOCHOBeHHOCTH CBOH) 

mffriD OTptmeHHaro cjEyasHTOAH nay^Hofl hcthhh. Herupe roAa caycTH 
owb 6j]SfiTb Bce en^e TOJEROBaib o CBoeit pojin namypoAucma h uayn- 
^HoU AioSosHameAMioemu. A na cqerb onpeA'i^oHHHXi noiHTH^ecRHXx 
MHiHifi AiA Tana, o^obhaho, He 6yAerb cobc^m'b yposajftHofi aaoxH. 
no Kpafineft ir&pt, vb KOHi^t 1886 roAa, t. e. no^H aa comb zin 
40 cifepTH, OBi A&se orqaHBaerofl KorAa-j[H6o HHirb «Hay?Hoe MHi- 
Hi6» HacxoamevB nopsARt Bereft, ohi tojbeo nmeiB ero nyroMi 
«coi4aj[BHofi anaTOMlHi Ci* isjkxbio noMO^ bthitb noBOsaMi h 6BurB 
<socTaBieHB uaHB IBKOAtA fWjmmuHecKuxb uayKh '). 

Bb A'^ftOTBHTeJEBHOGTH nOA06HOe aaflBJieEie HHtlO HCEJ[1D?HTeJ[BH0 

HiaioHH'iecRift xapaRTepi. Tani ORonqaTeiBHO npeBpaTUCA bb uojeh- 
THEa HSBJtorHOll ORpacEH H, RSJCB cjrbAOBalo osHAaiB, BecBua Ha- 
cToS^HBaro b'b cTpemieHiH cnpenoAaxB ypoEB» h <bb BCTopin otu- 
«KaTB He HCTHHy, a AORaaaxeJiBOTBa joa cBoero y^eHia h opysie ash 
CBoero Bonpoea>. TaEB, RorAa-xo TdHB yapeRaiB Apyrnxi HCTopn- 
ROBi, H B'B ocoOoHHOcTH TJiyOoRflirB npeaptHieM'B aaRjieHMHJiB KysdHa 
aa ero noy^areiBHUfl o6pan^eHiH vb DHomecTBy, lenepB Hanii bk- 
coKonapaI^ift rphthsb p'j^ouuicfl nociyvHTB TOMy, Teeny paHBine Ao- 
cirlducfl, — CB oAHOfi AHHiB paaHJU^eft. KyaanB Fopa^o b HcspeHHo 
anajTB nnyi) ayAHTopiK) Kh fBoaBHmeHHoi i^iiH^, rb HAeaiHSMy. 
B'B 8T0Mi» HAeajiH8Mi 6bixo HOMaio Mera^aaHqecRaro TynaHa h aKJOR- 
TEqecRoi Ctfyru, ho HCRpeHHOOiB npo4>eccopa ne noAJiesajta oohh^- 



*) Essais. 270, 275. 

>) HaneuTaHO b-b Demiers EsscUs, Paris, 1894. 

') IIhcbmo Krb Havet otl 18 H0fl6pfl. 

H 4. OTAdkn I. 



34 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Hiio: OHi» oTEpoBOHHO HajKy H ^HJioco^iD jsjbiLM'b opyxiaMH Kopam 

H HOJIHTHRH. 

TaH'L Bi) EaiinaaiH ci ApyrnnH y^eHuvH saMuniJiflerL ocHOBaTK 
cnen^iaiBHoe Bucmee yqeCnoe daBe^eHie <yi> njkxuo BocnHTUBaTB Bt 

MOIOJ^OM'B nOECyiiEiH S^paBUlI nOJIHTH^eCRifl BJlfiE, 

I],ijib H cpe^cTBa onflTb He npeACxaBJUiu HHqero opHrHHajiBHaro: 
KoH;iopc6 cb npnfiaBROfi Mepcbe eih en^e jiyqme r-»H Craib. <&hjo- 
co$i> XYm-ro B'bKa Menrajn co3AaTi> CHcreicy to^hezxi uojiHTiRe- 
CEHX'B B083ptHi& Ha ocHOBaxx ofin^ecTBeHHUx'L HayKi, a Mepcbe w 
no3xe r-aRa CTajEB HacraHBaiH Ha hcrohhom'l Hai^OHaiBHOMi noBi- 
»ecTBt ^paHii;y80Bi> KacaTejBHO RyjiBrypEi h muoih ^pyrnx'B espoiieft* 
cEHX'B Hai];iS h peROxeHAOBajin pacniHpHTB oreqecTBeHHKfi spyroaop'B. 
B-b cyn^HOCTH to se caMoe hmIji'b bi BH^y h Tbh'b. IIporpaMHa Ha- 
^HHajacB saflBiemeiTB, ROTopoe aojisho 6ujio SBy^aTB H6o6ii?aftHO 
apxaHTcecRH ji^ao. bc^xi, RpoMt yqenaro, ptmHBmaro, HaRonei^'B, or- 
KpBiTB cBoe osoHiEO H31 sa6HHeTa Ha yiHi^y. IIpaBAa, owb ceitqacB ase 
ero BHOBB saxjuoHHyjTB, Toqnie oTomen otb Hero h nonpeaRHeiiy 
iiorpysHJiCji Bii EHflSHB[fl MeroAHqecRiH onepai^in, — ho Vb uopuBi ho- 
Buxi Bue^axjri^Hifi roBopnix cjr&;iyE)n(ee: 

«06n^ecTBeHHHe HHxepecH ^paHOjiH aniaDTCfl jth^humh HHiepe- 
caHH Ra^RAs^ro ^paHi^ysa 0TAiJ[BH0». Bi BE^y 8Toro, Heo6xoAHiio 
npio6ptcTH noiHTH^ecRie Bdrjiaj^n — He noBepxHOCTHSUi, ne CHMnaxiH h 
Bne^aTiiBifl, — a HacroflniiiA nay^uH y5ts;^efi]fl, oCHOBaHHua «Ha$aR- 

laXli, I^H^paXl H ;^0GT0BipHUX'B jl^ORyMeHTaXliy. niKOM H ^OJOBia^ 

cofipaxB Bci 8TH Haxepiaiu. 

^Bme aBTop'B saaHCEH pncoBajTB Epafffie njaneBHoe cocroHHie 
HGTopHqecRHX'B H rocyAapcTBeHHUX'B nosHanit ^pani^ysoBi. K)hhh 
noROJitHifl jiojuRHU HorpysHTBGH vh no;g9o6Hoe H3y?eHie poAHoft e 
EHOcrpasHOH HCTopiH, Hai^OHaiBHaro h HHoseMHaro 6uTa, HaaoiHHTB 
roJLOBH <4)aETaHH, i],B$paMH H AOEyMeHTaMH» — no aAMHHHcrpai^H, 
noAHTBqecEoK eROHOHiH, BoeHHKMi BonpocaiTB pasHUxi rocyA&pcTB'B. 
Bi peayjiBTaTi cos^ajiTTCfl H^eajiBEue rpasAase, o&raAanmie no^- 
JUEEHBIMH oojiHTHqecEEME EAeflME E cnoco6HooTHMH, Tasi* cEasaxB, na- 
TeHTOBaHHHe npaBHTeiH rocyAapcxBa e bos^b Eai^H. T9Wb jsfiane na- 
sHa^aerB cpoRi, Ror^a aroro c^aciBa AoaRAexcfl, BaROHenjx, ^pafli^ifl, — 
jitrB Mepeax narBAecaTB. 

Bee BTO npeEpacHO aaAyMano s cb canuME lyqmEHE Haii'i^pe- 

HiaMB, HO, EaRl BCe HSMUnUieHHOe ECEIK)qHTeJEBflO-TeOpeTfiqeCRE][l, 
RHESHIiIM'B yMOHl — HeHHHyeMO npHBOAHTB El pOEOBHlfB BOnpOCaiTB. 

Bo-nepBHx%, — Bdk cB'&A'^Hia, EaEia aojubho npiofipiiaTB K)Honie- 

CTBO, OTHOCBTCa EX OCiaCTH HpaBCTBeHHOCTE E HOJEETHRE, CJIttAOBa- 

TOJUbHO Tpe6yi)TB no cyniiecTBy HSBicTsaro oSu^mo ocetbuteHM. He 
eAHflaro MopajiBEaro e rocyAapcTBeHHaro ^aRia He HOiseTB 6htb 668% 
udeu^ ooofimaiDniiefi eny totb hie kpjtoA chucai e onpeAtiann^ei 
ero BCTopE^eoRoc h coBpeMesHoe sEa^eme. Ha ci^eEy cjiiAOBaTeiBEO 
aBiaerca uomoAKoetMOfamii pasynz^ t. e. xa ase CEia y6i»A6Eiaa 



T8ffB. 35 

OqesHpEOy npenoAaBame HOBOfi HaysH — 6iiTB rpaa^aHaME — c^h caifaro 
Ha^ajia aojisho noA^HHBTBCfl saEOMj-jiHSo npHHi^ny hih HicROjrBKHirB 
npHHnjHnaiTL — bi> jdu^ caMHxi> npeno^^aBaTejett. A no coficTBeHHOMy 
iipeAcraBJieHiiD Tana, saj^a^a HCTHHHaro HCTopiuca a^^6 h6 wh co6h- 
paHiH $aKTOBi>, a vb oOofimieHiH; ovbAOJiseH^ ccTpeMHTLCfl ei o6ii^eft 
HAei2>, paonoiaraa ^bkth vh ecrecTBeHHoirB nopaAsi h npoH3BOAfl 
Biifiopi. Sthxi* aaTpyAHemfi Taai He sejiaerB npnaHaBaTb: ero lUnoMi 
6yAeTB cBo6oAHa otb BCflsoi «aoktphhh>, 6yA6TB juuetb chgto^hh- 

KOITB CB^A'^Hifi*. nOTOlTBi — TTO 86 6yAyTT» JT^bJiaTb ^paHUyaBI BI> OSH- 

j(aHiH y^eHHxi» BJcacTHiejieft e a;^MHHnoTpaTopofi'B? Bi^^ nojiHTE^ecKaa 
SEBHB, ROfio^Ho, HB iipeEpaTHTCfl H 6y;^eTb EATH oBOEiTB nyTeiTB. 
KaKoe ace yqacxie cTaneTB npHHSHaTB b^ neS mKOjia? 

OxBtTB — HEsaEoro. HIicoAa (tb efl 6fl6iioTeEaME e ayxETopuufE— - 
xpaMi, a SEBafl nojiETHsa — yiflica h AsepE xpaHa jj^ojukhu 6utb Ha- 
riyxo aanepTK otb BHinmflro myjua. TaKOBi cnocofii BHpadaTBiBaTb 
I'pasi^aH'B (n> Hay^HO-noiETHHecEflim BarjuiAWfl! dra piAsocTHaH Jia* 
6opaTopiH ffbarejieft bhI BCflEod cbhse cb A^TejD»H0CTBK> HirlerB 
TOJQ»£0 ojpLoro conepHEKa Bi HCTopiH qeiOB^b^ecRott khcie — EjiaTO- 
HOBCKiK AiftJieKTH^ecKift Hosyci Am oGpaaoBaHin $Eioco$OB'B-npaBETe- 
jieft rocyAapcTBa. HexpyAHo npeAcraBBTB, KaMXTb remeBt Moryn> no- 
ciaBJiflTB noAo6HUfl y^esABHifl, BnoJTHi AocTotHHH ocrpoBa jlanyiu. 

Ho AJEH HacTB udCoiihtho 8T0 EBofipiTeflie, saEi flpsaa qepra xa- 
HOBCKaro yiia. He nepecTaBas Chtb qHCTo-oTBJte^eHHmirB no nanpaB- 
jneHis), oHi xenepb MiEflerB pii& — e Butcxo paaBtaqtEBaniH Mexa^H- 

3HK0B'B, H306p:bxeHk SOBHX'B HOXOAOBl ^ElOCOJ^lS H SpflXEEE, — BlI* 

cxynETB npocBin^enie DHomecxBa, ej[e, no CHiBHOHy BiipaseHiio ca- 
Moro aBxopa, — cHeAEi];ESCEaa EOHcyj[Lxaii;ifl» no aApecy ^pam^iE. 

yAEBflxej[BHo axo npEcxpacxie nncaxejcE, ne EMlDn^aro Hsqero 
oSmaro HE CL Ay^oui, he ci npieMaME ecxecxBoaHamfl eie xo^huxx 
HayEi»,— ynoxpeSjuixB cEiBHiiie Haynnue xepMHHHl Ho en^e yAEBExejo*- 
Hte, qxo aBxopi npoeExa oGieEXHBHot EIkoah flBHxoa BupasExejieirb 
oAHoro Edi) caHuxT) yssEXik e npEcxpacxEux'B nojiBXH^ec&EX'B bob- 
BptaiE, EaEifl xoj[bEO Bsaexi ^paHi^H XlX-ro B:bEa. H Esa^e ne 
Morio 6uxB — no cBoficxBy caMoro npoAMexa e no xapaExepyncxopssa- 
noAEXflsa. 

XIX. 

Tarn, AOJiroe BpeMH HrpaBmifl bi noJiEXEEy cl beaoitl ropAaro 
yqenaro, npHEysA^Hi 6ujcb ofiiflCHEXB cboh cjiEmEOHx obhuS no- 
Bopoxi> B*b npesEpaeitufl e^epH. SanscEa o EtKOAtb ccBuaexoE na 
$paHEO-npyccEyiD Bofiny, Ha ea C'^acxbIh. Ha caMoirB gbjA ho 61^- 

CXBlfl BOfiEH nOBJDEJIE Ha TdHa, a BHyxpeHHlfl C06liixifl, BHBBaHHUa 

UMB. TpyAHO CEasaxB, EaEoe ebi axnxi coSuxii 6£uo HeHaBEcxsie 
Tany e ci oco6eHHoi 60JUUO oxoBBaJEOCB Bi* ero cepAH.'b. 

HanrB aBxepi a&bho cocxaBHjrb $paHii,y3axx npoAcxaBjieHie, 



36 PFOCKOB BOrATCTfiO. 

RaRi Hai^, <j^aHaTHqecKH snofiieHHofi b% cHJtBHyD BiacTB. Ohh 
6yAT0 Kan MaHHU He6ecHo8 mxjrb bcd^j h Bcer^a BceBosiiosHaro 
Ha^aiBOTBa,— saHAapifOBi, npe^KTOBi, EomiccapoBT^ ^). H 6oHa- 
^apTH3M^, EOHe^Ho, vb ii8o6HiiH pasAaBaxB dry icaHsy. IIoToirb bo 
BpeMfl nyremeoTBifl no HiaiiH Tasi BeiHKift SApaBufi ciuicii nrafi*- 
ftJLUfiWb yoMorpiii vb hxi oTBpan^eHifl ki pecnyCiiHKt. HaKOHem», 
Bi napnch, naaaiiH rpaHAopxa yAOOTOBtpuii noxHoe BcqesHOBeHie 
poMaHTH?ecKsxi» HAefi H npoqHoe i^apoiBo <no8HTHBH3Ma». 

H BApyrbs— caMiift coBepmeHHuft npeAcraBBieiB csAHoft BiaciH 
oKasuBaeTCfl HH3BepaKeHHHMi| iiojie xhUc^Bia. saHBMaeTib peBomujioH- 
Has Toana, AOMOKpaTiH, h pasHrpuBaDTca A'i^flGTBHTeiBHo noTpflcan- 
n^ifl ci^eHu soMMyHU. Taiy npHXOABTcs bha'^^tb tojibko saqaio pecny 
6jiHKaHGKHXi cMyTB, Ha BpoMa KOMMyHs oHi yissaeTB Bi Aefjoid, 
Vb Oso^^opAB — WTBUb JLQjaifM. Cx>Aa npnxoAHJH b^gth OAHa Apyrofi 
yxacBie; ateoTOEiii yoiOBifl mpa, nosapi IlapEsa, 6ajr&3HeHHUB cy- 
AOpora BHOBB HapoAHBmeSca pecnyfiiHKH. y^enaro 6scTpo noAasHJia 
QAHa HAefl, no cBoilcTBy ero yiiai HeiieAxeHHo craBmafl idte fixe: Bce 
810 Vb AOMOKpaTiH, — Vb napHscKot Toxni. Ona oosAaia nepByn 
peBoxDi^n, noTOiTB Myreaa ^panqiD b'b Teqesie novrn i^tiaro cro- 
xtTia, OHa — rpy6afl, HenpocBin^eHHaa, cnooo6Hafl ECipefijuiTB BeiHsia 
npoflBBOAeiifl HCRyccTBa h npeBpamaiB vb nenexi poAHyi) cTojHi^y. 
Ha EafiBHeTHaro epyAHra aojxeu 6buh npoHSBecTH cTpaniHoe Bne- 
qaTJiinie 8th deanpecTaHHiui Boxe6amsi otimieGTBeHHaro nopBAKa, h 
ocoOeHHo— pasHysAaHHHfl fiyfiGiBa ^epEH. HnEorAa ne oTiE^aaoB oco- 
fieEEOfi npoEBAaieyiBEOGTbD b'b ncExoiorE^eGEEXB e en^e ifOEte bi. 
ofimeGTBeEEHTB BonpooaxB, — TenepB, bo ahh spoBE E ysaoa, TdEB, 

EeOOMBiflEO, ECnUTUBaXB ^BGTBa BHErpaETOBB nopBOS peBOXDI^iE 

OvB pimEXB BucrynETB ee nonpEn^e AisrexBEaro noxETEEa fb ee- 
sym ysaca, OTEpamoEiE E TElBa,— Eo BOo6pasajrBHATEnoABpysoBOA- 
CTBOHB SHOHiji E Aaso EpoTHBOCTaBJUUB ero paayMff 1789 toda. 9temb 
oaiaiMB (iixB yse npoEdEeoeHB npEroBopi EaABpeBoxjoipoEHiniBABE- 
seHlevi. TasB sbebexb e geitb TaBB. Osb otosaoctbejtb npEsi^En£i 
89-ro roAa gb EAeEME 06mec9MeMHa%o daioeopa Pyoco e, eo Aoiro Ayvafl, 
npoBosrxacBJTB: «GxiAOBaTeja»EO, oee xoseu e 3xoTBopsu» ^). Moseo 
nOAyMBTB, — Eo 6yAB Pycco, eo 6buo 6vl e poBoisi^E. SaKJDoqeEie 
6oxte ^Wb lerEOMUCJieHEoe, ho oeo BnomixarB cocraBieEo Tbsoitb e 
npoBGAeEO gb o6fiiqEot «]caHieft cECTeMU». y egtopebe Gua 
AUBaerofl o^oeb npooraE KaproEa ^paEi^ysosoft EGTOpiE e nonrESB. 
Ob OAEOt GTopoEU meopisiy Mema^uawca^ pa3yjta^ cb Apyroft — 
noiosETexBEafl AUcTBEreiBEocTB, 4>aRTu, Eaysa. HafiAyrcE e ipe- 
fiyeMiZfl EuaDGTpaI^E: cb OAEot ciopoEU— EAeoxorE-peBOJOoi^aEepH^ 
uraTOJiE TpasTaroBB Pycco e noAofiEuxB Me^raTeiaft, onTEmoTEi- 
4^aETa8epU| — cb APyi^tt— ofiuKEOBOEEue OMepTEHO, KpioKie urei- 



') EssaiSy 32a 

*) IImcuio KB Haret on 24 vapxa 1878 r. 



TBffB, 37 

cRHiTb csApasniTB cHHcioiTL^. Bi* BH^y BToro aBTop'B noGubmHJrB 
ii3o6pa3HTB npoBHBi9ajiBH7J0 $paHii;iH}, RaRi» crpasy «eAHHaro xjrb6a>, 
KpecTbflH'L H dypsya, norjion^eHHuxi ncEJiio^HTeJibHO MaTepBAJBHUMS 
BoapocaMH^ oco6eHHO sa c^otb c6epeseHift. HnKasnx'B bbicdihx'b 
i^efi oHa E 3HaTB He xotatb, hitb HHsaRoro A^a hItb ao crojoL^murb 
BoiHOHia H oco6eHO H^ei h leopiA. HcropHS'B "^Gbsijjifiwb, qio HifeHHo 
bx TaRoft 4^opMi «$paHi^y8CRoe oSn^ecTso e Hanuo cbod no?By>, 
c6ju»cRoe Hacejiefide rojocoBaio sa HMnepuo HCR2D«mTej[BH0 noxoMy, 
HTO OHO npoAaBajo cboe npo^yRTU bt» Asa pa3a Aopose. druwb $aR- 
TOMi Bce cRaaa^o. O^obhaho, Hai^a ho tojibro paBHOAyniHa et> oibjio- 
^OHHHirB HpHHi^HnairB, HO flfiSRQ Ri npaBHTOJiBCTBeHHUirB ^opuaiTB, 
jiHmB 6£i t6fui> o6e3iieqeffB RanHTajrB» 0- 

JICHO, RaRT) (TB dTOft TO^RH SpimH UOSHO OI^HHTB RaRifl 6£I 

TO HH 6uj[o o6H(iH EACH HOJiHTH'iecRaro E o6n^ecTBeHHaro xapaRTopa. 

Ottb 6CTeCTB6HH0 flBJEflUTCfl qiH'b-TO JIEIIIHEirB, HaHOCfiBTMl, 60J[i3HeH- 

HUiTB, E, ciiAOBaxejiBHO, Bct ABHseHiE, EME BusuBaeMUE,— pesyjiB- 
TaTB HeAOHficJtiE H 6e8yMiE. HHeHHO arfliiE cjoBaHE hctophr'b 6yAerB 
xapaRTepEsoBaTB caMys) EAofiHyio, ^aHaTH^ecRH npEHi^HniaiBHys) enoxy 
4)paHiiy3CRo8 EcropiE, — e tojibro sa udeu e npunmmtA^ noroMi yBbsqaerB 
SanojieoHa sa ero noiosETOJiBHiift e nposEi^aTejEBHut yM'B, cBo6oAHHt 
orB yTonift e xeopift. Bonanapri cb ero eRaiosydoBCREiTB npeACTasjie- 
HieiTB rocyAapcTBeHHOirB nopflARi^ e 6e3saAe2Kflo-HE8MeHEUH'B nosa- 
TieM'B ^ejiOBi^ecRofi npspoA'i^ OyAerB npoTHBocTaBJieH'B onrHHESMy 
peBOJlI]D^iOHepoB^ e cnpoHSBOJiBHiiM'B rEE0Te3airB> A^xejieft ROEBOHTa^). 
H TaRaa R0M6HHai](ifl EAeft o6pa30Baj[acB y Tafla bo BpeHE co6HTift, 
HanoHHEBmBX'B eMy— Bi ero BOo6pa3BeHifl — eaoe e <{)aRTEi nepBoS 
peBOJiDqiE. SaRJDDqeme 6bu[0 Aaso dapanie, a sa nociuRaHE, Rone^rao^ 
Alio He crajio. 

Ci Haqaja ceMEAeoaTBix'B roAOBi Tani* Bct ceibi cboe oTAaen 
HCTopBHeoROMy TpyAy. Ohi SAorB otb Hero xaRHXi ae pesyjiBTaTOB-B, 
RaRi E OTB IIIkoau. Pa6oTa eaotb oqoHB ycntoflo n pesyjiBiaTU ea 
BHOJEb GOsaaAaiDTB cb ecxoahhitb MOMeHTOiTB. TdHi, ABa pasa 8a6aji- 

JEOTHpOBaEHHtt Bl ARaAeiQE, 6iI£B, HaROHOU;!), npBHETB B% 1878 FOAy, 

no BHxoA'i^ AByx'B nepBUX'B tohob'b IIpoucxooicdeHiH coepcMeHHoU 
0paHmu, E sa nero rojtocoBajiH xt, rxo paHBme conpoxEBJEEJicfl nsfipa- 
HiD. Oco6eHHO Bxopofi TOMi AOJtseBTB 6bu['B yMEpoxBopnxB aRaAOME- 
ROBii: BT> HeifB ESJiaraiacB peBOJiioAiH 1789 roAa cb to^re spinifl 
apflcroRpaxE^ecRaro coBpeHeHHHRa ROHuyHS. Tani, E3o6pasaa npom- 
joe, cHoxpiui'B Ha nacxofln^ee. KorAa-xo vb axouii €HeEcxopH'?ecROH'B» 
npieMi oeb ynpeRaji'B APyrHxii, — xenepB eny canoMy oxRpHxo saaB- 
jiflJiE: «OHi> BOioexi ci Hacxoan^efi pecny6j[ERofi» '). R cxohjio jsehib 



^) 1,'opimon en Allemagne et le» conditions de la pcUz^ 9 oct. 1870, Essais, 
427—9, 

*) Le regime modeme I, 170. 
^ 3o3w. lb. 406. 



38 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

cpaBHHTB ny&ra^HCTE^ecRyi) craTBD o Bceodn^eft no^avb roiocoBi cb 
HCTopH^ecKHiTB co^HeHieirL, — HHKaKoro covisiHiii Ha cqoTL i^efi 

HCTOpHKa He UOTAO OCTaBaTBCH. 

. Ho paHLme TdWb HenoHHMaHie npomiaro 7 hctophkobi npHOH- 
cKffiajii EXh sejraHiK) dTO nponuoe dKcnjyaTEpoBaTB ps^^E HacTOsnuaro... 
"^TO »6 oKasajiocB 7 caMoro Tana? KaKii oxpaSHJiacB cK0HC7JiBTai]ifl 
MeAHKa> Ha «jnD6o8HaTej[BHOCTH HaT7paj[[HCTa»? 

XX. 

nepBH& TOMB Les origines de la France contemparaine H3o6pa- 
asaeiB «CTap£ift nopHAOKn. 9totb nsaFB He npEHaAiexsTB Tany. 
y Hamero HcropHRa Cbutb npeAinecTBeHHER^, ao laRofi creneHH xaro- 
T^Bmift HaAi hhitb, qio jifiSKQ Tdwb, npH Bcefi cBoeS Hej[D6BH rb 
ccBURavB Ha qysie Tp7AU, o^ohb ^acro nwiBjpjevh jsaetj Torbhju. 
Bi A'i^ficTBHTeJiBHooTH, HBCji^AOBaHie Tana, cpaBHHreiBHO o6niHpHoe 
H ycnan^eHHoe ipTaxaMH hbb hcto^hhrobb, ne ^aio nu odHoU nojo- 
asHTeiBHOft HOBOfl HAOE CTapoiTB nopH^Rt cpaBHHTej[BHo CB cow- 

HeHieiTB TORBHJUi. 

IIpeAniecTBeHHHRi Hamero aBTopa nncajTB: 

c^paHujdCRafl peBOJiniqA ocTaneTCH tomhoi) a^h Tkn>, rto Sy^eTB 

CMOTpiXB TOIBRO Ha HCO; JIHmB BB HpOHie^liHieirB MOSHO OTHCRaTB CB^TB, 

o6i>flCHflH>n^i& ee». n 7 Torbbjih 6hun> coBepnieHHO totb ace saicBicejrB, 
RaROfi cTpeMHJicfl BunojiHHTB Tshb: nocjii cxaparo nopflARa maAj^o- 
BaiB peBomiiiK) e, naROHeu^, o6nieGTBO, BBuneAniee hs^b nea. y Tor- 
BHJ[fl 8aMucej['B He 0C7n^ecTBEJicfl, 7 Tdna bb o6nieirB nozyauny hb- 
B'bcTHoe saBepmenie. Bb nepBoft ^acTH Tp7Aa Tshb 6uxb no Heo6xo- 

AHMOCTH CBHSaHB ThM-B, HTO 7CIl4jrB CAiJiaTB TORBHJTB, H BTHITB He- 
BOJIBEHBTB UOA^HeHieM'B OGliflCHflDTCH 0C06iIfl Ra^OCTBa TdHOBCRarO 

Cmapato nopHOna, 6e8CJitAH0 nponaAaioji^ia bi uosAHtfinrax'B TOifaxB, 

06a HCTopHRa noApofino pasCnpaDTB HpaBCTBOHHoe h o6n^ecTBeH- 

Hoe noaoaReHie npHBHiJierHpoBaHHHX'BC oojoBift h napoAa HaRaH7Hib 

peB0ii]0i];iH h 06a npExoAflTB rb 0AHOH7 h T0H7 se pe87JiBTaT7: abo- 

pflHCTBO OCB06OAHJIOCB 0TB BCHKHXl rOC7AapCTBeHHUXl OCSflSaHHOGTeft, 

7TpaTHJ[0 coBepmeHHO A&ze noJiHTH^ecRifl cnoco6HocTH, oRon^aTOiBHO 
BUA'^HJOCB Juarb ooraiBHOtt Maccii HacejieHin h Me2KA7 t^^itb npio6p'bj[o 
HOBUfl BuroAH H npenM7ii^ecTBa. noHHaReme HpaBCTseHHaro aoctohh- 
cTBa H o6mecTBeHHoft poiE ABopflHCTBa conpoBOSAaiocB 7MHoaReHieirB 
ero npHBHJtJierii h noA'BeicoM'B ero npereHsitt. Tbhb nocBHTHJii pasB- 
HCHeHiH) BTOft HAOH Ho^iTH UOJIOBHH7 cBOoS RHHrH, HonoiHflfl ee npe- 

HH7I];eGTBeHH0 aHeRAOTE^eCRHMH A^HHUMH, SHBODHCHSMH XapaRTOpH- 

cTHRaMH H sanpaicH. Torbeib to& »e h&eh AOCTHraerB ne 07x6x1 
H3flii^H0ft j[ETepaT7pu, a (j[)aRTaMH — CTapoft aAMEHHCTpaii;|H h 8Ro- 
HOMEqecRaro paaBHtiE. Bb btoitb h saRJiD^aeTCE c7i]xecTBeHHafl 
pasHEii^a MesA7 o6oeuh HCTOpHRaME. 

TdHi E A&^nie ocTaOTCE na no^Bi JiETepaTTpBL, xapaRTepE37erB 



nncaTOJieft XVin Btaa, He coo6mafl, kohg^ho, HHiero Hosaro jsfls. ^h- 

lATeieS HayMHiAXb C01HH6Hi&. ECTOpHRl* e^HHCTBeHEKS paS-B Wh TO- 

^eHiz Bce£ CBoeft A^flTejBHocTH nona^aerL bx caifyi) [io;^xo;^in;yio 
;^ ce6fl o6jiacTB. Ero crpeMHTejibHocTB OTRpHBaiB nenpeMtsHo th- 
mmsMA aBJieflifl h no hhmb nsy^aTB i^oe o6n;ecTBO, Haxo;i,HTi> y^a?- 
Hoe npHM'&ieHie bi apncxoKpaTH^ecKofi cpe^i XYID s'i^Ra. Eii];e co< 
BpeifeHHHKaMH CTaparo nopfl^Ka 6£iJio jRaaaHO Ha nojiHoe HcqesHO- 
B6Hie opHFHHaJtrBHux'B ,jnpiHOCTeS Bi» napnascRHX'B caioHax'B, na npe- 
fipan^eme Bcero cBiicRaro Hipa bi* o^Hoi^BiTHyio n b-b ;i;yxoBHOHi 
OTHomeHiH coBepmeHHO TosAOCTBenHyi) Maccy. IIoBTairB ne 6um 

B03U0SH0CTH HOAHiTHTB SA^CB 60J[ie HJIE MCHi^e flpRifl CBOeo6pa3- 
HUH HBJieHifi JIJUH CBOSrO TBOp^eCTBa, H dTOMy TH^eAyniBK) CaMOH SHSHH 

coBpeMOHHHRH DpHnHcuBajiH yna^oRi ROMe^iH H Boofin^e xyAosecTBen- 
HoS JiHTepaTypM ^). TdHB, ciiAOBaTeJiBHO, 6637) uajtMniHX'B 3aTpyAH€< 
Hit MOFB Ha6pocaTB ^Hrypy cBiTCRoft ^zxlu^ ea RaBajepa, canoHHaro 
ocrpocjioBa: ^aRTHqecRin a&hhhh, yj^HBExejiBHO corjiacHHfl h no;q)o6- 
HBifl, nepenoj[HflH)TB pasHize Meiiyapii h RoppecIIOAeH^iH anoxH. 

Ho TdHB yBJEORCfl jrerROJl, yji^ofinoS SHBonHCBD, — h sa cbohmh 
pHcyHRaMH xrporJEHA'^'B cyn^HOCTB RyjuBTypnaro ^ona. HeAapoirB 
-OHib qyBGTBOBaJDE'B ce6H vb BOCTopri Ha pacHHOBCRod ci^eni, — ToaepB 
OHB 0R0HqaTej[BH0 da6uj[Cfl n ynycTHJiB hsb BH;^y RaiiHTajBHifluiie 
^aRTU Toro caHaro caiOHHaro 6jiecRa, RaROft owh poonzcuBaex'B c^ 
BejrHRHMH noApo6HOCTaHH. Owh BCH);^y naxoAHTB ctojibro JiK);^eft onno- 
BHi^oHHaro HanpaBJseHia h pe^opMaiopoBi^, no ero npeAciaBiieHiK) 
«Bce HOBoe noROJDiiflie coBepmoHHo noRopeno hobumh HAeHHH»... He- 
flSBicTHO, noqeicy Tor;^a dTa seadfbcymcM onnosuuiH ^onycRaerB pas- 
dHBaxBCfl Bi> npax'B jiyHmHirB HaMtpeHiflM'B 6j[aropoAHt8ninx'B hhhh- 
CTpoBi> vb poA'b Tx)pro n SHBerB ;^eHB 3a jifiEh Vh oqari casfHX'B 
Bonuon^nxB 3JioynoTpe6j[eHift, no^eify, HaRonei^'B, Tpe6yeTCH peBOJiD- 
n,iH npn BceofimeifB jiiH6epaiH3Mi h npocBin^emH? 

O^eBH^^HO, 6lUTy RaROS TO HS'BflH'B Bl BTOfi OnnOSHI^iH,— H H3'BflH7i 

caifHfi npocTofi: ero 06'BflCHHJiH bhhobhhrh njifiS. z zrb cBi^xcRie no- 
<sj[iAOBaTej[H Bnout onpe^^ijieHHO. 

BojiBTepi) HaxoAHJCfl bt* 6ojiBmoft ;(pys6i cb apHcroRpaTaMz h ca- 
uutfH BHcmauH c^epaMH, h hhrto SojBme ero ae ni'l^HaxB 8toS 
Apysdii, ho 6B[Bajin MHHyiH — ^hjioco^'b otrpobohho oGBacHajri), ^ero 
co6cTBeHHO CTOHTii ;^apu gjiaropo^^uxi AS^aaSi^eB'B. Bca apacTORpaTH- 
^ecRaa ^ajioco^ia a onno3an;ia, ctojub nopasaDn^ia Taaa, no hb^^hud 
BojBiepa, 3aRj[K)?aj[acB bi Qj[iA7K>n]^efl[ JEoraRl: cY aacB ero tbichh'b 
^Rio peHTH a Rpoir]^ Toro noqecTa. Mu ne sejiaea'B Bcero btofo Jia- 
maTBca pa^a aamero y^oBOJiBCTBia. Mh pa3;i;tiHeM'B Bama Bsrjia^^H, 
HO MU sacraBaM'B aacB cxe^ npa nepaoM-B se oiyqai, nioGu aay^aiB 
Baci, RaR'B BucRa3HBaTB CBoa MHiaia». 

TaRaa oTnoat^B cjiuniaiacB ^ajococj^y noji.'b mjwb «hob£[X'b njifii*^ 



Grimm. Corresp, lUUraire I, 267—9. 



40 PyCGKOE BOFATCTBO. 

OSBBJIflBinBX'B (ioiTOBHK) CaJTOHHUX'B JI,?i3rb. ^aJ[aK6epi» B'B CBOD OTO- 

pe;i;B He nepeciaBaix coo6ji^aTB BojibTepy o jiBoejsjmsux'b nocTjaKax'K 

3HaMeHHTt,flmHXTb cnpocBiTHTeJTBHHUj'b*, — B'B pojtt r-HH Sto^^peHt 

H JljDjie^^dLWb: Ha ero BSVJLBXb Bce sro — AooicHue dpysbH ^hioco^^Ih ^X 

Fpa^x Cempii, oahhi h81> «HOBaro noROjrbHifl>, ysie'ieHHaro «ho<- 

BHMH HAeflMH», O^OHB npOCTO H HCKpeHHO HOfiCHfleTB OTSUBU ^HJBtO- 

co^OBx: OHB — cHOBoe noROJiiHi6> — ^yBJieKayiHCB HAosvLH, KaKi cHHTepee* 
HHMH 3pijrHii^aMn>, othk);(b hb noMHnuHfl o npasTH^ecRHX'B pesyjiBTa- 
Taxi. Tany nsBtcTHO aio saflBJieeie Ceriopa, ho HoropHKi npeduBaerL 
vh HeHapymHHOU'B rHnH03i Ha cqerB caJOEOHHofi onnosEqiH h h& 
sejiaoTL, o^eBH^HO, As^se cnpaBHiBCH y caMBxi (j[)Hj!roco$oBi», jsxsh. 
OHH oTHOcnaHCB vh apHCTOEpaTHqecKOHy j[H6epaj[H8Hy. IIo EpaflHeft 
Mtp'ib, nepenncEa BoJiBxepa n ^ajaHfiepa, — noAJHHHUft hcto^hhr-b 
;^jrfl Bipnaro npe;^CTaBj[eHiH o sonpoci — ne bxoahtb sffbCB B'B qncjia 

TdHOBCEEX'B cAOEyiieHTOBl H $aETOB'B>. 

ToRBBJiB He MOFB BHacTB B'B noAo6Hoe 8a6iys;^eHid. Orb HacToft-^ 
^BBO i]o;i;qepsHBaeTB mEOJiBHHqecEoe jerEOKHOAie 6jiaropo;^Hnx'B $h- 
Jsoco^OB'B, coBepmeHHoe HenoHBifaBie caMoro cHucjia hobuxx HAefi b 
cjiiflHie jiBrepaTypflHxi yBJieqeBift ctb BiEOBoft airaocTB© BaacTB *> 
y Tana oajoHH BHXOflBTB 6yAT0 $OEycaMH yMCTBeHnaro cBiia, j 
ToEBHJifl OHH TOJiBEO ceMefiHBifl cBjeHBi ji^ cnoHTaEJiefl Ha Mo^^HBifl B;];efi- 
HHfl TeMU. nojiBTH^ecEafl HeonuTHOCTB H npas^Hafl nrpa ocxpoyHiH — 
pacoBBiH "iepTu crapofi $paHi];y3CEoa apHCTOEpaiiH coxpaHHJiBCB vn> 
HenpHKocHOBeHHOcTE AO BOjiBEaro nepeBopoia. 

Ho dJiaseHHKa HacTpoeHifl HCTopBEa no noBo;iy CB'&TCEaro o6ii^e- 
CTBa noBJieEjiH eni^e 6ojiie BasHBia neAopasyirlHui. Ofb TperBO cociOBie^ 
H3o6pa3njrB, saE'B o;p[y hs'b cTynenefi cajiOHHaro Mipa h ci> btbh'b 
nojioseHieH'B cBBaaji'B 6ypsya3Biiid npoiecTB opoTEFb npHBHMerHpo- 
BaHHaro cTpoa. Bypsya ciajii ccBtTCSHM'B ^ojioBisoirBi, npBHBJCfl 

BeCTH c^HJIOCO^CRift paSFOBOpBi H TaEHUli HyTOlTB npOBpaTHlGa B'B 

jiH6epajia, hoaoSho apHCTOEpaxaBrB. Ho no^oHy se Tor^a apHCTOBpaTH 
BO BpeMfl peB0J[X)i4B oEaaaiBGB acepTBaMB, a TpexBe cocjoaie — re-*^ 
poeM^, no Epafinefi Mtp'b, Bi BHoxy nepBuxi i^Byx'B npeACxaBHTeiB- 
Huxi) co6paHifi? O^eBBAHO, — cyn^ecTBOBaio nt^TO hombmo CBiTCEBX'B 
ycni^xoBi n Mln^aHCEOH BaBBCTB, EaEaa-TO Bnojrai peaiBBafl nojiHTBHe- 
cEafl B o6ii]^ecTBeHHaH cHia: ea He BB;qio Ha KaprBHi Tena. 

OTHocBTejiBHo Hapo^a Bonposx oSctoht'b en^e xyse. Ha jif^sm 
diofi cpe^H He ociaeTCfl HB^ero, Eponi «cji'6noA 8jio6h» rojiOAHaro 
paaiBpeHHaro SBtpfl. 3to fiesycjiOBHo lenHoe n;apcTBo, fiesi eABHaro 

npo6jieCKa COBHaTeJIBBBtXl) CTpeMJiefliB, CB O^H'^MH BCTp66HTeiBH£UfH 

HaEJioHHocTHHH. H TaKoe npe;^CTaBJieHie ecrecTBeHHo y HcropBEa, ?ep- 
naH)iii,aro cboh cB^A'i^flifl B'B nojiBi^eflcRBX'B b ^pyrBX'B o$$B^iaJ[BHHX'k 
j^oHeceHkx'B e npeHe6peraK)niaro oOpaiHTBca ei caMOMy napoj^y. 



') Lettres de M. Voltaire. 1784, II, 194; I, 320; II, 64. 
^) Cmaj^u nop/idoKb u ^eeoMOuw, Cn6. 1861, 149. 



TBH'K 41 

8x0X1 cnoco6i> xapasxepHsoBaxb HHsmie EJiaccu ocTaHexca y Tana ao 
xoHHja: owb AOBipaexii xojibRO cBHAi^xejuurb, o6jieneBnuwb wb itjfh- 

ABpi> HJIH BHCOKOnOCXaBieHfiUM'B 0C06aM^ H BHaXHHMl HHOGXpaHUaM'L. 

MoscHO 10 AOHycxHXB, qxo6£[ HcxopnKi piniHJrcfl nacaTB o peso- 
jiDipH, H6 osHaROMHBmHCb npe^BapHxeJiBHO CI caAier^y— HHCxpysniflME 
xpexi cocjioBifi ^a reaepaiLEHXi mxaxoB^? 8th HHcxpyRi^m 6ora- 
TbfiinlH HcxoiEHKi js^jLA HcxopHqecKapo H8o6paseHifl cocxoamfl $paH- 
ujM HaRaHyH'b pesojuDi^iH — MaxepiaiBHaro h HpaBCXBeHHaro. ^esu 
reHepaj[BHur& IIIxaxoBx, npHBEaBaeiuie TsHOifB naHdoiie no^xen- 
HHHE H npaBAHBHMH, GHOxpijiH Ha coMers, RaRi Ha nOAJIHHHOe BU- 
paaeme boih h HacxpoeHifl HanjH, < judaoA ^ecxHtili h npocBtmeH- 
HKXii^ '). ToRBHAb nepe^Hxaii 8XH AORyMenxu h yBHAti'b Bceo6iii,ee 
atejiaHid RopenHoro upeoOpasoBaHifl cxaparo ^opfl;^Ea• Tojibro ABopflii- 
eiBO Bi noAaBJiflnnieMX 6oi[BinHHCxB'6 npoAoasaio cxoaxb sa npsBu- 
leriH H noji^ HMeHeiTB peeojimiiu paByir&iio jijsoie yRpinjteHle $eo- 
AajiBHHX'B npaBi. HapojiCB A^eRo ho npefiuBajfB Ha ypoBHi 6e8CMHC- 

leHHOS HOHaBBCXH Kb BUCIHHJrB — BO ^0 6hL XO HH CXaiO. ^yXOBOH- 

6XB0 wb centers cBH^^ixeiBCXBOBaio o mnpoROirb pacnpocxpaHeHiH 
ffOBux'b HAOfi ^ase Bi AepoBHiccB. H mh Bipaifb BxoMy OBHA^^xeJCbCTBy. 
Boj[BxepB 6HjrB npaB%, nasiiiBaa npocBixHxeiBHyK) ^^Hxoco^iio, ecjtH ho 
BCD i^'kiHROM'b, xo BO MHo»eGXB']^ H^eft o6n;ecxB6HHaro coAepacamH— 
adpaetAMh CAmcAOMh — bons sens; h ho xp66oBaiocB HenpeMtano Gbftb 
rocxeiTB napHSCRaro cajioHa, ixofiu hohaxb RpaxHRy ^eoAajCBHUx'B 
npaBi^ H ypoAJiHBaro nojioaceHifl Bucniaro Raxon^ecRaro AJxoBeH- 
cxBa *). Bo BCHROiTB GJiyqai/ HeiaiGflHMO Bce Haceaeme ^paHiUs 
HpoxEBocxaBJuixB napHSGRHifB ^paHxaMi, RaRi nepBo6iiXHoe ahroo 
oxaAO BHcoRo-npocBimoHHoft dRBOxz^ecRoA Racxt. 

OjifiWb HBii aBTopHxexoBi TsHa, ueffB renepaiBHUxi mxaxoBi, ao 
HoeiiAHeft cxenoHH yueHBinaex^ peBOJiDi^ioHHOe BJOHHie cajiOHHoS $hjio- 
eo^f/m H HapojD(H06 ABHsenie 1789 ro^a cqHxaexB cxon ecxecxBenHHMi, 
RaRi yAajrenie niefieeBi Ha CBan^eHHyio ropy, BoscxaHie BHjfBrejiBHa 
TejUH. OcHOBHyi) haoid peBOJiDHjiOHHux'B xeopift — paeeHomeo—o^eBE" 
jsjdjj^ cc[HxaexB npocxo «ecxecxBeHHoA HaRjioHHocxBK) ^eioBt^eoRaro 
cepAii;a>^ Rani h qyncxBO cbo6oau '). Bi pesyjLBxaxt^— cpoAH Hapo^a 

MOraH H HO fBBCJ7RJSfir[h Ha $HJI0C0$CRifl XeMU, HO C03HaBaXB H6 Me- 

H^ flCHO, itHi. H Bci APJrie tqecxHue h npoeBlQ^eHHiiie> jiidah, 
IIpHH^Hn'B HOBaro otin^ecxBOHHaro nopHAsa* 

ilcHO, cjiiAOBaxejiiBHo, grojibro houojihoxii h HeflCHOCxH B% npoA- 
crasiieHin Tdna o A'bflTeJUix'B OyAyn^eft peBoiDuja. Taiii, fa'^ owb 

EJijdTb pBAOMl CB TORBHJieM'B, OFO H806pa3Reflia HOCflXI» HCxopHqecRifi 

xapaRxepi*, nanpHMipB — noiHXH^ecRoe h HpaBcxBOHHoe paajioseHie 



*) Uslouet. Mimairea, Paris 1868, I, 330. 

^) TosBHJib 668% oroBopos'b npHnHCHBaoTi KpecmMHOMi fljB^e Taxia b£I- 
paseHifl, sasit <(Corpa2BAaHe>, «BepxoBHoe cyn^ecTBO... lb. 154. 

*) Mounier. De ^influence attribute aux philos*^ atix fr.'fnagans et auso 
iUnminSs sur la revol. de France. Paris 1828, 26-— 7, 45. 



1 



42 P7CGK0B BOFATCTBO. 

ABopflHCTsa; HO r^i owb nycRaoTCfl vb ofiiaciB TjjsfimecTBQEVHX'h 
ZHBonHcaHift, na^HHaeTL npHM-bHATb Ha jsjbjtb cbod leopuo q THuax'L 
H npeo6jra;(a]oi]];HX'L onoco6HOCTflxi», — raMik ^aKTHqecRifl, BecBMa cyn^e- 
CTBeHHUH no;Q)o5HOGTH Bcqe3aE)rb Hsii-da npeAHaMlpeHHofl ij^^jibhocth 

H rapMOHH^OCTH KapiBHU. OTCD^a HenpEMHpHMBIfl upoTBBopi^fl: 

HCTopiH craparo nopHAsa coaho ^ojiroe cai[oy6iAcTBO», h «BH63anH0 
ocBHpi^n'i^Binifl napoAi*, cpacnaAeme ^paHiqH saAOiro ao o6maro 
KpymeniH* orroro, qro «npHBHiJierHpoBaHHHe» nepeciajiH 6MTb «o6- 
mecTBesBuun jiiflTej[flUH>, — h nsyMETejiBHafl KapTHHa peBOJ[K)^iH b^ 
KBsrk, FAi T8HI 6ujL'b npeAOGTaBjeH'L HCEJinqHTeJiLHO cbohitl naiutOH- 

HOCTHMli E fiKycail'B. 

XXI. 

Uepsaji <|>paHi]y3CRafl peBOJiDi^iH s coBpeMeHHEKain> e noTOMCTsy 
Beer^a npeACTaBJuiJiacB EBJieHieirb bI} Bucmefi CTeneHE cjio2Khmmi>, poKO- 
BMM'L, npoBHA6Hi]iaiBHUHi. TaKi* HasuBajTB ee Jifiuectp'b h to se 
onpBji^eme ona coxpaHEia ^ase y HOBtfimnxi ^paHn.ysoB'B, se Eirbi)- 
iitExii RmevQ o5n;aro ct> aaaproifB ifpaR06tca-EaT0iHRa. Tasy ona 
npejicTafijsGTCff coBepmeHHo EHa^e-, nepBaa RHEra ero EcropiE peBO- 
smi^m EmuBaeTca HenpouseoAbHOJi anapxm^ t. e. fiedcosHaiexBEHft 
pa3ry.1T> AHKQXI3 crpacTefi, BpaxjifiCEUTb o6mecTBeHHOMy nopfl^Ry. 

«aKHBOTHWfi BHCTHHRTB B08CTaeTT>», €»T0 CROTCROC ABH»6Hie» C^est U 

mouvemeni de brute. Fepoft ero — «cauafl HE3RaE qepEB», cnpeaptH- 
ntitmifi njte6cT»», noAAOHRE o6n^6CTBa>, «paB6ofiEERfl». ?to se bu- 
sBaao STH ysacH? «nycToft aejy^OR'B*, «6ojiLHOft mosfb*, cnoipeC- 

BOCTB CBOGBOJIbCTBa*, cCTpeHJieHie Vb HOBOBBeAOHifllfL*, T. T, 3HaMe- 

HEToe remm novarum studium^ bx ROTOpoiTB pEMCRie ECTOpERH 
ynpeKEJiQ rocyAapcTBeHHux'B npecTynHEROBii Vh po^i KaiEiEEBi. 

^aibme— KapTEHa o^eHB xyAoaecTBenHaa: bto HerpH-pa6H, BHe- 
3an0o uojiy^BBinie cBo6oAy e nanepepHBi Apyn nepe^t Apy- 
roMi> ^sejiaioii^le ynpaBJiHTb Ropa6jD[eHi. HcTopERi onEcuBaerB 
BecbAia TntaieibHO BHimHOCTB, aRHJiEo^e, o6padi se3he BOscraB 
IIIox^ pa6oBir> Bee bto — 6ocere, seMUTue, o6opBaHHHe HEiiUe, 
boh;iq tixi. Be JKy^me: a^BORaTBi 6e3i> upaRTERE, ofiETaTejifl He6- 
jTHpoBaHHbixij KOMHarb, SEByn^ie na cqerL ceMSE — ^bi> poA*]^ Aeny- 
jrana, njia na cqert Apyrnxi* poACTBeflHEROB'L — m> po^t JtaHTona, 
TQH6 iaABOKaxa BToporo copTa>, E^eajiECTH ei> npopBaflHUME jor- 
TJiMK — EanpnMtpx BpEcco, ocBEcraHBiiie nEcaTOJiE bi> po^t MapaTa. 
Bee BTO «rpu!iiacHEqaE)n]^ifl o6e3BflH£i, RpoB03RaAHHe e pa3BpaTSue»y — 

E Bt OCOfieflBOCTE HapOAT*. 

TaKOBij rjiaBHBifi repofi peBOJirK)ii;iE e xapaRTopECTERa ero npoxo- 
AHTB qepea-b BCD ECTopiH). T8ET> HO npB3BaerB xpOBOJoriE B He paa- 
jiH^aerii iiepioAOBi Bi peBOJII0^ioHBOM^ ABBatefliE. O^ee e t* ae bee- 
TeTt: ;i;3« A'^HTeieft peBOJiiDii,iB b bi nepioA'B nai^ioHajiBBaro co6pa- 
^i« H npE hko6ehctb4: npB6aBHTca pa3Bi eni;e €njiyTH», traapaa- 

\ 

t 



T9HX. 43 

TaHu>, «AHRi6 8BipH», «6icH0BaTHe». Tasi opnrHHajiBHo BunojEHEerB 
frcTopHiTB cBoe odin^anie — «AificTBOBaTB noAo6HO HaTypajiHcry^^ h 
<HEEaRoft APTTOfi ii;iAH He npecji'^AOBaxb*, «OTptoHTBCfl on Bcix'b 
npeABSflTHXB ii;ij[6& h BsrjrflAOBi^. Ha oaMOMi jAjA, — i^ib y hcto- 
pHKa Gujia eo^e bb to speuH, Eor^a owh H8o6pasan sapo^ Haxa- 
HyHi^ poBOJEDqiH BB cocTOflHlH sHBOTHaro oTyiii^Hifl. TenepB npe^B 

HaMH TO Se SHBOTHOe, HO B'B 60jl(pGTBeHH0H'B C0CT04HiH. 

TaBse nocj[i;i;oBaT6J[eHi> Tdhb h othochtojbho acepTBi sBtpa. 

3t0, SOHO^HO, ABOpflHCTBO. IIpaB^a, H£I HeiTB 0TB CaMOFO ace HCTO* 

pHRa cjiumaiH ifHoro HOjecTHuxB Boniefl, — ^ho sa to oh'b naiTB hso- 
6pa8Hj['B $Hioco<j^cKie cajiOHH h TenepB eHy HH^ero He gtohtb npe- 

B08H0CHTB $paBIi;y8CRRX'B ^eO^aJIOBB (XRyiBTypHOfi, JIH)6e8H0ft, AOBip- 

^HBoft OT6opHofl ^acTBK) Hai^H*, — ^H — santTBTe — pacnpocTpaHHTB aroTB 
iHpHqecRifi ROMnjiHMeHTB Ha BC6 GOGJiOBie, TaRi en^e nejiaBHO hso- 
6paseHHoe TyHeflAHiiui, sKaj^HHHB, paficRHirb h AecnoTH^ecRHirb. Te- 
nepB OHO, HO npeACTaBieniD Tena, ne AynaerB jifixe sanvEmaTBOH h 
H6 bh;i;htb wstj^ aan^HTH 0. 

*^a H TpyAHO dan^nmaTBCfl: B'B cyiii;HOCTH nepBua ;^Ba cocjobIh 
TOJiBRo H coxpaHflDTB ^ojiOBiqecsifi oSpaaii, a^i napo^a T8hb neHc- 
Tom^MB bb cpaBHOHiaxB^ RaRifl mh snaeirB no sanHCRaHB rpdH^opsa. 
ABTopy He AOcraTO^HO npocTo «onacHHixB ckotobb», oHy, RaRB xy^os- 
HHRy cTHJUi, nysHu RapTHHu: 6fiiRB, ycTpeMHBmiftofl no Aoporfc cb 
rpoBHO - BUCTaBieHHiiMn Bnepejp> poraMs; py^Hot cioffB, o;qi?aB- 
mifl BO MFHOBeHie ORa h c6pocHBniift cb ce6fl BOsaRa, — Ropo^e 
<SHBOTHoe, cBopxi icipKi pad^paseHHoe h AHRoe», h bb AOBopmeHie 
RapTHHu — ^HacTOflnqe cbojrhi, BOonoABSOBaBmieca (ieanoHon^HOcrBK) 
HiH rndejiBiO naciyxoB'B... Boo6nie, — BecB sooiorH^ecRitt ca;][^ hih 
niBpRi, BunynieHHufi na cBo6oAy. 

Ho B^A^ HH ^HTajiH Roe ^rro na cqerB HAOfi, Toopit, ^Hioco^iH, — 
RyAa se Bce aTO ^^^BajocB? 

Otb4tb — renepajiBHHe nrraTH. HpaBHrejiBCTBO ^onycTHJio nenpo- 
CTBTejiBHyD oniH6Ry -^ o6paTHJiocB kb Han;iH h paaosrio sB^pcRyio 
anapxiK), BiiSBaHnyio tojioaoub, «paonycTHJio bo8sh>, npe;^ocTaBHJio 
«pa36ofiHHKaMB, 6p0AHrairB, HHntHHB, BOo6nte TOJia*!, ao chx'b nop% 
noraon^oHHoS HCRjnoqnrejniHO 8a6oToS o nacyn^HOirB xjA&i, hh paay 
He noAHHMaBmeft B3opoBB na ofin^ecTBOHHuft nopHAOR'B, cocTaBJtHBmefi 
ero HHsmift cjrofl h Hecmett ero TflroTy» — npano CTaTB npoTHBB <ycTa- 

HOBJeBHarO CTp0H>. 

A BB BepcajiH co6paxocB ccTa^o TeopoTHROBii*, conacnuxB 

6iCH0BaTBIXB>, ROTOpue BCTynflTB B'B CBfl3B CB «OnaGH£IMH CROTaHH»; 

OHH cTanyrb npoGaBJiflTBcn cnycroBBOHcrBOMB h Boujuiim>, cjioMaTBCH 
Ha nofloCie aRTepoBi npeA'B raij[epeaMH>, naofipasHTB «naTpioTHqe- 
cRyio onepy». HapoAB — mh bha*™ — cBsfiyHTOBaBnrleea nerpn-pafiH na 



») La Rholutim I, 101. 



44 PyCCROB BOrATCTBO. 

Ropa6jrb», uesH renepaiBHUxi mraTOBi— «o6m;ecTBo a^BOKaTOBi, 
mTepaTopoB'L h flfijmTb nacoasHpoB'b, o6oApeHHoe 6yHToirB fojioa- 
Haro dRHffasRa, h npacBOHBinee noBioiry cedi npaBO ynpaBJUTb ro- 
pa6j[eirB» ^). O^eBHj^Ho, Kopa6j[i» b% orspBiroirB ifopi mm^wb ho otjoi- 
qaeTCfl OTB peBoiDi^iOHHoS ^pasipH h rjraBHoe — ea npeAcraBirrejra 
CTOJLh se H no yiiy h cnooofiHocxflirB ^^ajieRH otb o6mecTBeHHUX'B b 
noiHTH^ecRHX'b BonpoooB'b, Rasi H OTB TexHHqecRaro Hci^yccTBa ynpaa- 

UTb OyAHOHl. 

Kto ace aa hexi 6yjsfiTb BHUOJiHflTb pojiB EopM^aro, t. e. BasoHOj^a- 
T6Jifl?Mu yse cjaimaiH — ttMAepeu; bto h 6ctb HacTOfliii;iM HGTO^HHE'b 
BaROH0AaTejn>HOft ;^:i^iiTejirBHOCTH npeAcraBHTejBHuxi co6paHii. A raji- 
jiepeH Bi> GBOH) o'lepeAB hh^ito hhob, KaRi to se npeAcraBBTejiBCTBo 
IlaAepoMH. A TTo TaRoe HaiepoEJiB— ;^ifl nsoSpaaceHiH TpeGyeTca 
no RpafiHoft Hipi nepo Soia: Tbhii iipH BceS oBofioAt cBoero cae- 
AiajiBHaro peBOjmipoHHaro HoneqaTflaro TORcia, noBHAHMOMy, He ao- 
CTHraerB gioboitb bucotu cBoero sacTpoeHia. 

naiepoflJiB — i^eHTpi MflTeasHBix'B shbothbix'b. FjEaBHHe A^xeia 
s^tcB — nyffAUHHWi oiceHmuHfA H souteneurs, npeHHymecTBeHHO roap- 
j(efli].ii. Dajiepoflja pesuMEpyerB peBOjtK)n;i]o, rajuepeH npeAcraBJtflKnrB 
naiepoflJiB, Haii;ioHaxBHoe co6paHie pa6cRH noA^HfleTca raijepeairB. 
TaROBa npocraa ecmeemeeHHOH rpynna ^brtobx: Ha oahomi> ROH^t — 
mouvement de brute, na npyroMi — thSaries de cafe, excitations de 
trSteaux H bce peBOJiDiiifl, npH TaRBXi ycjioBiflxi, HHqxo HHoe RaRrb 
pa86ofiHHqecEoe Hapymeme Bc/brb HeoTBemeuHX'B qexoBiqecRHX^ 

npaSli — ^JrHqHOCTH, COfiCTBeHHOCTH H COBiOTH, «T0pS6CTB0 CROTCTBa Ha^'B 

MHCja»K)», «]uiTesHEqecRitt RapHaaaii*, HaROHeu;!! — «&fc3aa ropaqna* 
ajCRoroj[HRa— rojiojiiHaro h nepenHBmarocfl ao noxnaro opraaHqecRaro 
paacTpoHCTBa *). 

Eciz 6ii Mu BBAyMaiH jKaABme npo^oJisaTB HCTOpiK) peB0XD^uI no 
TdHy, — Mu HHqero He BOTptimrH 6u, RpoHt Bce 'ri^x'B aRe aQEreTOBx 

HaTypaJBCTHqeCRHXl RapTHFB. MoSHO HOAHBHTBCH, RBRl HCTOpHR'B 

He ycTaen on y^pyqaDOte OAHOo6pa3Hoft h Hpaqnofi neponeRTHBU. 
Ha npocTpaHCTBt Tpexi* tomobi ero B3opi» cocpeAoroqeHi Ha caiiux'B 

OTBpaiHTeXBHHXl npOflBfleHlflXl* HHSmHll HCHBOTHBIX'B HHCTflHRTOBl, — 

H TOiBRo remfi Bonanapra, coBepmenHO npoTHBonoiosHufi HAeojioriH 
H jfera^HBHRi peBoxDqioHHUxi repooBi, Bosapan^aerB HcropHRy coo- 
co6hoctb HHcaTB cBoe coqHHenie xHTepaTypnuirB hshromi h bi* yHHpo- 

TBOpeHHOMl TOHi. 

Ho B^AB, — He jnqHBdl se BHMiicejrB noatpaerB naiTB Tbh^, 
SHBonHcyfl opruD SBipcraa? Ero CTpaHHii;K yciaBU qHTaTawr, hoa'b 



») lb, 175. 

^) ToBops npasHTexBCTBaz'B, BumejifnaTh wvb peaoJioi^iB ao noABieHia 
BsacTH HanoaeoHa, Tbh'l o KaMfifiWb hbii hexi roBOpHn: cdl a commis ou 
laiss^ commettre trop d'atteutats eontre les personnes, les propri^t^s et les con- 
sciences*, en somme la Revolution n^a ^t^ que cela>. Lerigime modeme 1, 193. 
La BSvolution I, 138, 459—460. 



TBffb. 45 

ero pyKOMH bo BcaKyjo MHHyry rpjA* ;^0KjrMeRT0Kb. Ero cooSmema, 
noBHAHUOMy, ocHOBaHH Ha ^aETaxi, BOo6H(e Ha ncTo^HKaxi. 

He TOJELKO noBHAEuoMy, a ^^ave HecoMHiHHo. Teny iipHHa;^esaTB 

TOJCBKO CJIHHIKOM'b GHJIBHUH BiipaseHJfl, H TO, KaSl COft^aCB yBH^HM'B, 

AaiOKO He Bcer^a, — a nOApodHocrn saHMciBOBaHH hmi hs'b cBHAi- 
TOJEBCTfil o^eBHAi:^eB'B. 

Kto ace ern oqeBHAi^u, Boo6n^e KaKoro CBOficTBa hoto'Ihheh TdHa 

fl EaRl OH'B HMH nOJIBSyOTCfl? Bt;|B BCHSOHy E Hey^eHOHy H8F&CTH0, 

^TO OAHH'b H TOTB ate ^oKTb pasHue cBHji^ieiH pascsasfiiBaHyrB no 
pasHOMy, TaK-B ^to hhoS pa3B osasAiBaexca ABa coBepmeHHO npoTHBO^ 
noiosHuxT> cxoBecHux'B BOcnpoHSBeAeHiH ^^asra. Sojia, HanpnicfcpB, 

CTOHTB Ha AOKyMOHTaXB H co6n^eCTB6HHO£ aHaTOMin». POMaHil OHB 

crpeiiHTCfl npeBpaTHTB b^b ieKn;iH no coipaiBHoi Hayst cb coBep- 

meHHO SHSHeHHUME, nOAIHHHHMH HJUUOCTpaipaHH. H BOTB 9T0 HH^ 

moTB TOPB se 3oiH cofiBETiaxB, cTOiB ny6oKO HOBJdfiBinHX'B, MesAy 
HpouHi, Ha Hamero HOTopHRa: 

«A AyvaiB Hameft MesAoyco6Hoft boShI 1671 ro;^ o6i dfoft 
KOMJcyHi, KOTopaa eii^e laiEfB HeAaieso oroBiJia otb HacB. nponuo 
ToiBEO ceMB jrbTB, Bci Mil tBH^^E BOSOTame b6ih3h h hojvbsu 6ujlr 
6u cyAHTB EOMB 6e3onra6oHHO. H ^to se? cnpocHxe jificanh ^eio- 
BtsB, Bu6paHHiix'B Ha-y^a^y, a^cjitb o^efiHweBi; bu ycjuunHre jifi- 
cflTB pasjiH^CBuxB pascsasoBB, oifOTpfl no noiHTH^eosEMB usAitiawb, 
TeuaepaMeHTaicB, Bdrazjifiwb paacsasqEKOBB. ?to se SyAeiB qepes-B 
BOceHBAecflTb jrfcTB, eciH HcropaKii Bs^yifatrrb phtbgh bb coBpeiieH- 
HHXB AOKyifeffraxB, h eciH y Hero aBHTCH HpereHsia ormiaiB hh- 
caHia qecTEUXB jaoAei otb He^ecTHiiXB?> 

Tbhb OB caHaro Ha^ajta o6oniejiB axoiB Bonpoci,— -en^e bb RHHrt 
GmapoMz nopHdmh. Ohb sapanie roTOBEJica H3o6pa8HTB csHBOtHoe 
Ha A^i», — H, cjiiAOBarejubHO, cqecxHuei csEAtxejiH axe hoto 6bu[e 
onpeAtxeHU o^ohb npocio: Bci, bto E8o6pasaiB hmohho SBBOTHoe, 
H Hfl^To jsj^jToe. A KTO SO MOFB 6uTB TaKoio poAa €pa3CKa3qEKaitE>? 

CaMB Tbhb, oftbH^ia 6b[tb HC]UK>qHTejR>HO HaiypajuiCToirB, TasB 
HcnHCjiaeTB CBOE AOKyHeHTii: «nepeiiHcsa aHa^ETeJiBHaro ^ZHOJia trnmeHr 
dainmoeh, cydeu^ eceeosMOtxcMuxh CAtfoicamuxi ectbXh omeneneA iepap- 
xiui^; <AOHeceHia e navaTHua sanECKE no pa3JiEHR£iirB ^acTaMB deop- 
uoeato (ofbdoMcmea^i «nepenHCBa KOMandyfou/tuxb bouckomu bb 1789 
E 1790 roAaxB; nHCBMa, naiUTHiia aanHCRH h noApofiaua CTaTEOTE- 
leoKia, coAepsa^^aca bb CTa KaproHaxB uepKoenaxo %OMumema\ ne- 
penHCKa, cocToan^aa ebb A^BaHOCTO ^erupexB cBasoKB ^uohobb a^- 
napTaMOHTCKofi e icyHHitEHaJEBHofi adMumMmpa%m ob MEHHCTpaMHi, 
cnepenEcsa npe^eitmoe^^.,. Tbhi lasse roBopErB e o nepeoncich 
^aoTHuxB uqB E A&se o cahiers^ KOTopHa y aero ne ErpanrB eh- 

KaSOft pOJEE BO BCeft SCTOpiE peB0JID^iE. Ho ?T0 MOryTB BHaqBTB 

nEOBMa qacTSHXB ui^b npoAB TasEMB noroKOUB o^^uuioAibuuxh ao- 
KyMesTOBB? Hn EH^ero eie Tojcbso to, tto noATBepsAaoTca 8thiih se 
AOsyMesTauE. 



46 P7GCK0B BOrATGTBO. 

OqeBH^Ho, Ha cy;^ 6uj[a BUCiymaHa jraniB odna CTopona e npE-> 
TOMi» o^HseHHaa, no6t»A6HHafl, BciifH nepBauH cBoero HpaBCTBen- 
Haro H MaxepiajiBHaro cyn^ecTBOBamfl npiiBasaHHaa Ki>*uorH6aBiiiH]rb 
nopflAK&Mi). 

n nepeoMorpHTO cckukh Tasa: npex'B BamHMH raasaicH aa Kas- 
Aofi cxpaHEi^t, r^i E3o6paaaeTGa HapoAHaa peBOlK)I^E, necTpHTB 
ojlEWb fl TOTb se ECTO^HEKi procedure Chdtelet du criminelle, t, e. 
flCKiD^LETejiBHO naiHi^ettcRie npoTOKOiH, fliE ;^OHeceHifl BoesHHrB 
Ha^aiBEHEOB'B, 60^6 6ojrb6 noAaBJieflEHxi co6imaLUB, mkin» jifixe npe- 
^eETH, noTOMj HTO HapoAEoe ABEseflie 6HCTpo cooGn^aeTca: apidE e 
jnflmaeTB KOMaEAEpoBi bjiecte e noicoseslfl. EcrecTBeHEo, noAo6Hue 
AORyueETu OyAyrb oooSn^aTB EcsjiK)^ETejn»Eo o^ee OTpflnaTeiBsue 
$aKTH, yiiajiqEBaTB o jsfi^TEVb Bjra ocBiiuaTb exi Vb oboexi beto- 
pecaxi, Eopo^e— aro 6yAerb cojiomEafl o6BEflETej[BHafl piqB. 

Cl DTEEE ECTOWEBaMH A&JKBOie fl Ee^iero CUTaiBGE, — EXl, KO- 
He'lBO, EeJILSfl ECKJWqETB E81 ^ECJia A0ByM6ET0Bl», EO BE EaSAOHl 

mary ciiiyeirb homsetb exi npoEcxosA^Eie e sasEaqeflie. 

TopasAO eioxsie e EHTepecsie jQ^yrui jsiblbbha tbeobcroS ecto- 
pifl,— npeEMynnecTBeEHO au EAefiEoi peBOJiDiufl, t. e. ^jol saiaoEajo- 
saro oo6paEiE. Hx^ HaaBajEi caMi Tbex e Be oaee'b pa3i>: A^ny- 
TaTU — MaJiyd, MyEbe, MepaGo e sypflajiEcrb MaueAunaE'B. Oco6Hin> 
yBaseHieiii Tbee noxB3yK)TCfl BETeBAaflTb Maiya e MauieADnaEi, 
ECTopEB'b BasuBaeTB Majiya «pa8cyAETeibEifimEMi» ^lejioBiRpirbi bo 
BceiTB co6paHiE, ^cGaMMMi yM'i^peHEUHiy caHUM'B jifl6epajiBHUin> e oa- 
uuwb TBopAHirB no cepAny e eo yHy>;MaueAK)naBa E0Mn6TeETEi^&- 
niEMi, pa3cyAET6ja»ElfimEMi» e riy6o^aftniEin> Ba6j[]DAaTaiein> peBO- 
JIB)I^E>; TpoExi — MajLi6AV)napa, Mspafio e Maiya npESEaeTB, <jiy^- 
niEHE yMaME peB0JiiDiUE>, MyEB6 craBETCfl peaou'b cb Maiya, o6a 
Boa^E oAfloft napxiE. y TdEa ecTb em,e oaeei BecBMa npoAnourae- 
Mufi EOToqEEK'b — SaEECKE EEpESCEaro H8pa E npesB^eETa TpeTbflro 
cocjioBiE Bi reEepaiBEUxi fliTaTaxi>, BaiBE. Ha Eero o^oeb qacro 
cciUEaercE EcropEKi, so ocreperaercE cinniKOirB OAo6pflTB, noqeicy — 
cefi^acB yBEAfliTB ')• 

06paTEMCfl ate s'b axEM'B fieaycioBEO npESEaEEHH'B ECTouflKaMi> 
TaEa n nocHOTpEirb, kerx oe^ eme BocaoiB30Ba2CE. Mu OT^aeirb 
cEpaBeAiEBOCTb ycepAuo ECTopERa vb EsyqeEiE noiEi^eficREX'B panop- 
T0Bi>. Ofl-b no dTEMi AORyHeETaATB noApoGEo nepe^flcjuieTi> yniep6u, 

EOEeCBEEUe AOMOBiaA^JtBI^aME, CB ysaCOMl OnEGUBaOTB, RaRT) Ea 

cEpeRpaoEoifB napReri* oAEoro a66aTGRaro ABopi(a TOina pacRJiaAH- 
Bajia oroEB, eotomi* sajioicaia <cBej[EROJ[inEyK) Rapety* aCSaia, pas- 
jiflia BEEo Bi> EorpeGaxi, noxEiEJia cGtiBe e G6pe6pox>, eo non^a- 
AEiLa, ROEe^Eo^ Oy^OBi* e GyHAyROBi. cAgeo>, npfl6aBiflerB eoto- 
pERi, — cofimeoTBo oROEqaiejibEo BEcnpoBepraeTGHi. He EponyoRaerb 

EGTOpER'b G006n^Tb EaH1» E TOM^i RERl TOJlfla 6pOGEia Vh 6aG- 



*) La BSv. I, 71, 164, 172, 140, 165. 



tdWb. 47 

ceftKb H Hsdnjia noj[Hi(e8cEaro mniona: <ero KasHB npoAoisajiacB otb 
uoxjjsfia. AO US.TE CB noiOBHHoB ^acoBB H naiaqefi 6wio BtpHsxi 
;^ecflTb TUCflHii*... Tarn ^;^eca BK^HTan TsH'BB'b cbohxi AOKyiieH- 
Tax% H HH Ha HEHyry h6 ycoMHUca, saKi aro decsmt mtACHHh ?e- 
jioBiR'B 6hj[h h h6 HoriH j6w£h o^Horo Bi Te^eHJH 6ojAe nflTH ^- 
coBi>!.. Ho TaE'b UHineTCfl ncTopk. YsHaeMi mh asubb e eme 6ojr&e 
noTpflcaion^ee coSuiie, KaEi soHn^HHa, Gepeii^HHafl na ;^eBflTOin> h^ 
CHu^^ nepenHBaeicfl ao cMepxH... ^) Bedi> peBOJtioi^H laKHxi npoEC- 
mecTBifi, o^eBH^^Ho, ho mofjio 6ut&« 

Ho He Bl> HHIl flibjLOy — a Bl aSTOpCBOfi A06pOCOBiCTHOGTH H 06CT0- 

flTeiBHOGTH. Ofl cl TepD^HieMi 6eHeAHBTBHi^a BuysHBaerB hs'b 

CTOHOB-Bi, «EapTOHOBli> H CGBfl80B'B> aJTEOrOlH^OClde npHIiaAEH pOBO- 

iDi^H H saHooATB Ha CBOH CTpaHBipii, coHpoBosAafl Bce 810 no^xo- 
Afln^HMfl BOCEJHii;aHiflMH: C*e$t une Kermessel La socieU se renversel 
OqeBHAHo, y T8Ha 6ojibiuoS aanaci cnoco6HOCTH cofiHpaiB ^^ktu 

HO HCTOpHqeCKHlTB AOKyHeHTaM'B H OI^tHHBaTB HXl. EaKl ace OHI^ 
npOHBEJIl BXy CnOC06HOCTB| UOJIBSyaCB S OTRpiirO BOCXHU^aECB — JtiPY' 

rflME ECTO^HHKaME? Ha nepBOiTB u'i^cTb, no OTSUBy caMoro TaHa, aojbe- 
mewb 611TB nocraBJieH'B Maj[y8. 

xxn. 

HepeA'B HaMH qejioBiKTi, EcnojmflBmift o6ji8aHHOCTH EHTeHAaHra^ 
T. 6. rJiaBHiftinaro npoBHsi^iajEBHaro aAMEHHCTpaxopa npH KOsapxiH 
vljoAOBSKa XYI, ^OHB Hai^iOHaiBHaro co6paHlfl h ctopohhekb pe- 
^opiTB Bi jijLi yM'fepeHHOfl soHGTBTyI^fl, HOTOifB ^jieHB rocyAapcTBeH- 
Haro coBiTa nps HMuepiH Hanojieona. Bci 8te MOTaHop^oBu, no 
EpaftHeJB vfbp^, nocjtiAHHfl, He roBopATB 061 oco6eHHO TBepAUXi no- 
jiETEHecKEx'B npHHii.Enax'B TdHOBCKaro repoa. Ho ji^Jia. nacB Basenob 
He CTOJIBKO Maiya nomTEKi, ckojibeo pascEasqEEi h cy^p^ peBoiio- 

I^iOHHUX'B C06£lTifl. B'B 8T0ft pOU OH^B npOHSBO^ETB, HeCOMHtHHO, BU- 

roAHoe Bne^aTJilHie cepohhoctbio e npocxoTOfi cBoero noBicTBOBaHifl. 
Ohi> HHrA^ He crpeHETCfl bhabehytb cbok) jih^hoctb e hop'^ako ero 
piHB EcnoJTHeHa jifixe EcspeEHnro qyBCTBa canooTBepseHifl: owb 
yirtorB or^aTB AOJisnoe ne tojibeo coudHEBaMT, ho e ji^isnejuiwb npo- 
TEBHUX'B napTifi. n yse ^ocTaioqHo 8Toro o^Horo Eaqecrsa, ttoGh 
Majry8 oEaaajECS na HeAOCflraeMOE bhcot^ cpaBHBTeiBHO cb cboemb 
nosj[OHHEsoM%. Ofli TaEi roBopHTB cBOHXi MeMyapaxK 

<fl He HauipeHB bocth ahobheei reHepaiBHHX'B mraTOB'B. Mo- 
nUeur, 6yHarE poflJiEcroBB s aEo6EHi];eBB, ecjiH hxb BsasHHo eoh- 
TpojrapoBaTB, jiyqmie uaTepBHJia jpa scTopiE 8noxfl» '). 

MajiyB, cjLtAOBaxejiBHO, jsfiXQ coofin^ema flEo6EHii;eB'B OHETaerB He- 

OtiXOAHMUMH HCTOWEEaME JlflB npaSflJCBHOfl XpOHEEE pOBOJUDI^iOHHUX'B 



^) lb. 96, 45, 53. 
*j Memoires I, 309. 



48 PyCGKOB BOr^TCTBO. 

codHiifi,— H HH CJiOBa He roBopHTB noini];eftcKHrB h cjAeCHiix'K 
npoTOROjraxi, t. e. ooBopmeHHO jtajieRi otl uucjie npeBpamaTb hcto- 
pix) wh yrojiofiHyD xpoHHRy. Owb fijiiTo jiase npeA^yBCTBOBai'B no- 
flBJieeie HcropHKa, cnoco6Haro noHTHL BdkTb pfbaiejiei peBOJiDiiiiH otosk* 

ABCTBHTB (Tb UpeCTjnHHKaiCH H 6e8yM]](aMH. np*eCTyiIJ[6Hill, KOHe^HO, 

coBepmajECB wb pa3rapB nepeBopoTa, 9to ynacTB Bcaxoft oSmecTseH- 
Hoft H aoiHTH^ecKoft CMyru, ho MaijB fiesyejOBHo oTAiiflerB axoAies^b 
OTB peBOjnomoHepoB'B, HacHiifl otb peBOJini^ioHHaro ABHaRenifl, h ocxe- 
peraercfl cirlinHBaTB 4»aHaTHK0Bi saEOft 6ii to hh 6uio naprlE oi 
padCofiHHsaHH H rpa6HTejuniH ^), ;^ase '6oj[Bine^ ar^^JUflen AUHHOcmu 
on doKinptiMs, T. 6. npHBHaerb vh Bucmeft creneHH sasHufl <j|>aKTB, 
noA^epKHyrut noase ToKBEieirL: HeotfmaftHo pimHreAHiui h Ha- 
EBHHfl TOopiH pflAOMX (TB GiaropoAHtflnmiTB BHTysiaBUOlTB H HAOaiHS- 
KOiTB. Ji,m Tana Bcasift, ncnoB'bAyx>nun A^ifOEpaTH^ecKk y6tagi;6Hia, 
conaeHufi 6icH0BaTuM> h «flKo6HH6i^> bi cHUCii nojuiTH^ecKaru 
npecTyaHHsa; «yiiftpeHHitinifi h paBoyjcirrejnbHiftiirii^ cBHj^xeiB pe- 
BOiDiaH cywTB coB^meHHO Haa^e h, npHSHMatf HpaBCTBeHHUH ^o- 
CTOHEOTBa jifiane sa bosahme sapowott napriH, Maiya nHmerb: «oj['&- 
AyoTb ocreperaTBCfl posHCREBaxB bhhobhhz'b icea^ t^me, EOiopHO 
caKE ce6fl ho npESHaioTB TaKOBUxn, — HanpoTEBi^, oii^yeTi cwTaTB 

HeBEESUME BCtTB, KTO »ej[a6TB EME 6lITB. UjiOJSJSTb paBCJTfc^lOBasiE — 

BEa^mrB A^ETB qyBCTBa EeEaBEOTE e ifecTfl, h ogjee vb btoS nia- 
qeBEoft ECTopiE nEcaieu BosLiceiTb sa ce6a pacnpej^iiETB Bci pora, 
Easj^OHy apEHScaTB EBBiotEyD aojix) npecTyoieEifi h ;iypHuxT» sa- 
MipoEifi, — nycTb osi ho 8a6y;i;erB yAOCTOsipETb ^EcroTy co6ctb6seux'b 

BaMipeEit E EOAIHEEOCTb CBOEXl APKa8aT6JnE»CTB'E> '). 

JbofiOQUTso 6h BEaTB, CB saKEM^ BEeqaxiiHieirB npoqEran Tasi 
BTy omoBbxb oBoero aBTopEiera? EUe, BipEte Boero, oe^ coBctirB 
se EoqyBCTBOBajii cEm pascya^Aesifi Maiya, cnoriomeEEufi — 
&bsorb6~o;iHofl Efl^fl>? 

y Maiya secpaBEeEEO 6ojr]^e noxsaE xapaErepEoniEa jr&flreieft 
peBoinipH, ^wb y TaEa. HoropEK'B 0TE0CHTejn»H0 apEcroKpaTiE orpa- 
HEHEBaeTCfl soHnjiEMeETaME efl RyjiBTypHOCTE, AOiroTepniEiK) e oi- 
TOBaEiflME sa es (iessaoiETflocTB, e eo roBopETi o noioaseEiE ABopa 
BO BpoME ciiyTH. Maiys se EaxoAETL ciobi sasieftiiETB coBepmeHEO 

npOTEBOnOIOSHHE OBOfiCTBa BfitCmEXl COClOBift E Bl 0006eHE00TE 668- 

pascyAEyK) Erpy npEABopEuxi. Ero bbebo;^ 6yAT0 paaoqETaEi sa noi- 
Hoe ysE^ToseEie ^aHiasifi Tasa. 

€JI,eH0RpaTiE E Bci en EeECTOBCTBa Cwm nopoacAOEU Bii8UBax>- 
fl^HME npETEsaEiEME apHCTORpaTiE>. Osa ynopso croaxa sa crapiiE 
dJoynoxpefijiesiH e CTopoEExacB otl Bcixi* caMUxi yMipeEEUXi pe 
^opMaTopoBT), juDAefi CROiLRo Eii6jjp> j[E6epaiBHiix'b E SiaropasyH- 
EsncB, Aaxe Maiya cjom y sea cepoTERomb ci ;^o6puMB Eautpesi- 



*) Mimaires I, 281, 327, 332. 316, 324. 
*) lb. L 327. 



TdHi. 49 

flHH», BOoCn^e A'^ft'a Bce, qroSu y cbohH se ^^pysefi BUSBaTB OTTpic- 

^6Hie, a JQOAeS nSJIKHX'B TOJOCHyXb bo BCeBOSMOSHBIfl KpafiHOCTH ^). 

MaijB cBHj^TejtBCTByeTB ^^aKi^, coBepnreHiio onyiD[6HHOM'B y T9Ha. 
^opi» CBOHirB conpoTHBJieHieirB KaRHH'B 6s to he 6wlo iipeo6pa- 

SOBaHUQIl GTaBHAl JnOflfiS. C^eCTHEIX'b H npOGBJ^IIteHHBTX'BB Bl 6e8BH- 

xoAHoe nojoseme — hjth ^asjsfkmrb KacroBHi $aHaTB[3irB hjih npo- 

CJIIITB HSMtHEHSOlTB. dra AHIOHMa SaOTaBHia 6pOCHTbGfl B^ oG^ffrifl 

Hapo;VOft naprk xD^et othdab Hd AeMOKpaTHqecKaro HanpaBJteHifl, 
BT* pofft repi^ora Japoni^yKO^ apxienHcsona BieHHCKaro h ^yneHaro h 
j^o6pa^o» BajiBH *)• 

noTOMOb, — apHGTOEpaTifl OTHDAB H6 ociaBajiacb 6e83amBTHoi. ^Bopi 
fiesupecraHHO rposnjrb BoficEaMH, ctflrHBaa nojKB BOEpyn IlapHsa 
H Bepcaifl 'H npEBOAHJE'B Bi> TpenerB Hai^ioHajoLBHoe co6paHie, a na- 
pnasavB bii apoGTB. Majtys sapTBHHo onflCHBaerb bth HacipoeHifl h 
CEOBa coodmaerB iDfionuTsi^ftinee EBieEie: yHipessiie, noxi> bjoe- 
EleiTB ynopcTBa e yrpoBi ABopa, npEnuE ki y6isja;eEiE), tto bxi 
6e8onaosooTB cBflsasa cb TopsecTBOirB Eapo^Eot napTis h cKp&ia 
cepjm;e BSEpaiE HapasryjTB bjlo6u sanyrasEofi h pasApaseEsoil toje- 
EH *). MajiyB, Kx BemKOMy cnujij Bamero BCTopHKa— ncBxoaora, 
rjyGoKO nposEKaerB b^ ncEXOJoriD tojiiih, senpecxaHEo Eaxo^flEi^eft- 
ca EO^ cTpaxoMB 6wcb pasAaBiesEot h yEHTroseEEofi, e bitIgto 
Tbeobckexb pyraTeiBCTBi^ EaiaraeTB jEorE^eoidfi xo^b oo6uTifl. Jifisi 
TBsa fieaycjiOBSO 6ujio docmovtHtbe e nayyurbe EpocTO H3X0Xetb ejte 
flepeflEcaiB tbrct'b Maiya, ^^mb oxothtbca eo y^acTKOBBOfB apxEBauB 
3i9i ym^suME 0KaE;i;ajrauE. MajiyB paBCRasiiBaeTB, KaKB o^ho giobo 
n<mmpz''peeoM(miH EpEBOAEio b^ yxcacB ptEmieJiBEO bg^xb, rto 

GKOJIBBO flEfiy^b GOBEaTeJIBSO OTSOGEJIGfl KB flOJUOSeflilD BOfl^Oft ^). 

KOETpB-peBOjUDIUE SOJiaJia B08BpaE];eBifl eo BC^ITB (%AOTBiflMl> e eo- 

npaB;i[aMB oraparo EopaAsa. 9to EaBajiocB eesyoxoBEO seuHGiE- 

MUMB TaEEHB JIDAEMB, SaEB MaJiyB, E GaHOHy TBEy GTOfllO 6u 

TOiBEO EpflnoMEETB Go6oTBeEsoe fl8o6paaceEie 6yp6osGEo8 woEapxiH, 
^To6£i paaAiJTETB MEiEie cspoMEaro EETes^aETa. A MeasAy t^mb^ 
ABopB BuSpajTB GBOEMB joBysTOMB wmmpz-pesoAiomo fl> Eor^a Ee 
y^axaGB 0Eepa^ia gb BofiGBaHE, 6poGflj[ca bb 9MErpai];iD. Tbhb ee g^e- 
TaeTB EeoGxoAEMoft e paByMsofl, a Majiya BnpasaeToa: «EeJiiEafl gh- 
creifa BEErpaipE> e GosepmeEso EpaBEJiBso yEasBsaeTB, EasB Ee 
TOiBEO «aEo6flBipi», a BOO^E^e <j^paBi^y3Gsafl ^eMOEpaTia BOOEUJiaia 

Ea^iOEaJ[BEHMB HyBGTBOMB EerOAOBaflla Ea ^J^aiftf^^^, GTaBEIEXB EO^B 

3EaHefla HpyGCiB h AbgtpIb npomue^ ceoeto omeHecmea^ OrcioAa ^©3- 

EpEH^pEUK BETysiaBHB peBOJIDEjiOEEBIX'B BOftCEB ^). 



*) lb. I, 334, 285, 306, II, 188-9. 

*) lb. I, 324-5, 337. 

») I, 362. 

4) n, 76. 

•) II, 78, 134. 

1* 4. OTxij'B I. 



50 PyCCKOK BOrATCTBO. 

B'L peBjibTarl — ^no pascsasy Maiya noxHTHsa npHBuerHpoBaH- 
BHXik trpoHaBo^nTB HecpaBHeHHo Goiie OTpni^aTejBfbHoe Bae^aTjime, 
^H-b noBeiieHie j^eiioRpaTOBi. 

Crojih se ptmHTej[BHO h RpaoHop'&^iHBO MeMyaptA Majiya onpo- 
B6praDTi3 HaB'i^Tu HCTopHRa Ha BoficKO, HaiaoHaiLHoe co6paHie. T%wh 
^oroeapHHaeTCH ji^o o^hoS h31 camix'B BoniK)0|HXT> Hejrbnocxefi, npe- 
necNBaH desnt^^TBie cojijihTb npoTHBX Hapo^a cofijiasHaMi nyGaini- 
suTh KeEmHH-b, noJiHi^eicKie hcto^ihhri coo6ii^HjrH eiiy o HlGKOjn>- 
KHX'b cEaHj^ajbHim oi^eHaxi wb Ilaiepofljri^ h owb HeMeA^eHHo ycMO- 
Tpiii^ noaa^BHOe pacTjriHie Bceft 4>P&^y3CKofi apMin, OAHHaROBO h 
napnmcKofi, h HBiflBmeficfl Edrb npoBHHipfi. Coi^aTU npoBpamaJiHCb 
Bii sQutetieurs k 6j[aroAapfl aroHy Horjia gbo6oaho pasBEBaTbca pe- 
boid^ih! ^}. MomHO 6u cqeoTB 3a rajuuoi^HHai^iK) noAo6Hoe npeAcra- 
BJI6H16, ecjiH 6hi aBTopT> CT> Tasofi yBipeHHOCTEK) Js^MjK) cTpany He o6bh- 
Hflj^ Bi* TOM^ 2Ke He^yrt. 

B'b ;iMcTBHTejiBHocTn npOHoxoAnio coBepmeHHO Apyroe. BoftcKa 
He cTptiiiJiE B% HapoA'B, no^eMy — o&bamsi&rb caH'B TdHi. OAHa hsi 
era n^Hrart rjiacETB: «coiAftTK OTBl^aiH, ^ro ohh CRopie Ha £oe ro- 
TOfiy, ^tuii HCTpe6HTB TaKoe 6oj[Bnioe ROJEEHecTBO cbohxi* cotpaoic- 
dam*. A BTO npoHCxoAHJiro npH mrypirb BacTHiie >). Bt> Apyroit 
pa^ no coD6memD o$(j[)H^iaIBHa^o Moniteur'a rBap^efii^i Rpsqajra 
no yjiHuajTB Ilapnsa: c^a BApaBCTByen mpemhe cocAoeiel Mh coji- 
AaTEi nauiu^ ■). II onflTb Hameny ncTopHRy ojr&AOBajo tojebko ciipa< 
BHTbCH €^ TfeMH cTpaHHi^aMH, Ha ROTopuxi offb caH^ H3o6paxajrb paHBme 
HeB^poHTH0 7Hn3EiT6jn»HOdH6tACTBeHHoe nojioseme cojiAs^TBapH crapofk 
HOHapxiK; y Hero Aase cyn^ecTfiyerL oco6oe sanasie: cBOopysKeHHafl cHia 
paaiaraeTG^^ H QocjiBTOfi copaBRH eMy cosepmeHHO ne npHmiocB 6u 
iipH6traTb Kh cKasKi o noABHraxi naiepoHibCRHX'b repoHHb M. 

TaKoli Toopiii, b% cBoeMi» poAi He ycTynaDH^ei flRo6HHCK0uy asapry, 
Maiya m hofl, eoho^ho, BUCRasaTb. Ovb bha^tb, "ito aomb nesna- 
^ELTCJibHaji ^acTb BofioRa co^pcTByoTb 6yHT0Bii^HRa]rb, a bch ocTaib- 
Baa ap»iH ctohtb npooro sa peBOiDi^iH) n AOMORpaTUo, h Tpe6oBajrb 
orb iipaBiiTeibCTBa ne BRseRyi^ft, a npesA^ Bcero noj[HTH?ecKaro 
ujana pe^opM'b h Bucmaro pyROBOAHTeJn»cTBa vb co6paHiH ^). Tbhi, 
AM .i^oi^aBaTejiBCTBa CBoeft baoh BcnoiiHHaeT^b, RaRi^ yAa^HO noAaBJuuH 
BoacraBifl npa crapux'b Monapxax^, xors TorAa a:6ojDbnie roiOAaiH 
H cTpaAa^*' Ko stAB ohb cairb HaqaJTb cbod RHHry pasroBopoMi 
npHA3opHaro ch JlnAOBHROirb XYI. KopoiB BaaTie BacTHxlH HasBarb 
6hio <ifaT63KOM'b>, — upHABopHfift HOHpaBHJTb: «HiTby vro^-peeoA^o- 
tiiji»,.. H TsH^ SAftcb se HeiceAaeHHo npHnoMHHaerb fiiasenHUH Bpe- 



*) La Eiv. I, 129. 

») lb. T, 57, TOT. 

') MflJnet. r, 289, qer. 

^> \Jancien Eigme pyccx. H8a* 609. 

% I, 290» 282. 



K 



T8VB. 51 

neHa ;Q>aroHa;^ h sanepifi. 8to Bsa^Hirb — ^BMicri oo cicHOiOM-b yrpa- 
THTb ji^sane HCTopE^ecKTK) namiTB. 

' He MeHte noj^wreshmiTh ypoKOBi mofb 6h astb TsHy «pa3cyAH- 
TeAbHMniifi qjieHib* Haii;ioHajiBHaro Co6paHifl h Ha c^erB ororo ca- 
Maro co6paHifl, .CTOJU» ysHseHHaro hctophkomt>. Bm^cto cxa^a xeope- 
THKOBi, onepHiixi naTpioTOBi, aKrepoBi pa&sa — otb Majyd mu 
«jiuiiinMT>: cHHRorAa hh oaho coGpame He ooeAHHSjo gtoib CojtBmaro 
KOJiH^ecTBa 3aM:bqaTej[BHHX'b jooAefti; cnesaBHCHMo orb 'rtx'B, Eoropue 
BHKasajiH ce6fl na TpHOyni, wb oC^JiTb naprinx'B (t. e. jHipeHHoft 

H HapOAHOfi) 6BU0 MHOSeCTBO npOGB^iaeHHUX'B H TpyAOJODOHBUX'b JSfi- 

nyraTOBi; ohh roBopnjui toju»ko bi KOMHTeTaxi h 8;^cb vb pasnaro 
poAa A'^ax'B o6HapysHBaJrH OGHOBaTeiBHiiUi CB'bA'i^Hifl>. Bb napoj^oft 
HapTiE Majiyd bh;i[htb «6jD[ecK'B TaiaHTOB'B, nponcxoH^^eHifl, (JoraTCTBa, 
^SBtcTHocTH H jifiOLQ Ao6poj3cbTejiH» Maiyd pacKaHBaercui, ^ro «GJiHin- 

JBOWh paHO H OTKpUTO OTA'i^HJICfl OTB HapOAHOfi napTlHi H COSHaeTCflT 

Bi OBoeici poROBOiTB 8a6jiya^eHiH, — ohi* cpe^H Kpa^HHX'B bha'I^'b mh- 
TesHBKOB'B, KaRHX'B xaMi Wb A^fioTBETejiBHocTH He 6£u:o, HO RpaftHeft 
Mfbpi vb KonqecTBt, croioni^eM'B BHHicaHiH ^). Boo6nie boob pa3- 
cRasi Maiya h djs^cb kjiohhtgh Kb ynpeKaicB no a^pecy HpaBOft, 
OTTOjncHyBineft Mnpafio, yKJioHHBmeftca otb roiocoBanifl, npo6aB2flB- 
meicfl yi'poBaMH h sHBmeft no npHHi^Hny: c^iifB xyse, rbwb Jiyqine]>. 
Tbhb, Wb Konei^ yHHSHBniH Hai];ioHaiBHoe co6paHie, BHCRasajTB 
camyi) HOB'IpoflTHyK) mucjib, KaRafl toibko icorjia npnA:rH vb tojlobj 
HCTopHKy peBOJUDuin. IIo icHimiD Tana, reHepaiBHue mraTM cjAxoBaio 
cocraBHTB H3'B npeAcxaBHTejeft odMum^cmpauiu — BoeHHOft, rpazAancKofi 
j[ AyxoBHoft, T. e. nonBrraT3»CH pe^opMaposaTB crapHfi nopsAOK'B cb 

lI0H0nU»]D HMOHHO Ttxii rOCHOAB, UpOTHBl ROTOpHXl 6IULS, Ha- 

npaBJioHa BCSEaa pe^opica ^). Majiya h 3AtcB hgho h chjbho no- 
pasaerB TdHOBCsyi) ^aJU[]D^HHa^iD. Oh'b — HHreHAaHTB h vb btoitb 
ero BeJiHKoe nec^acTie. <Ecjle 6u h ho 6ujrB Ha cj[ys6i y npaBH- 
TeuDbCTBa, eoiH 6u y mohh ho 6ujlo OTKpunix'B cBflaeft gi ABopoMi, 
eojiH 6h h flBHJicfl Vb renepajiBHBie nrraiu HeaaBHCHMBorb ooGoTBen- 
HHKOirB, — MHi EaaeiGH, a Tor^a mofb 6u 6£itb noJieseHii. IIpH 
TasHxi se ycjiOBiflX'B, npoAOJUsaerB Majya, ohb ho vb GHJiaxi Giutb no- 
6iAETB npeAy&ba^AOHifl napo^a h cbohxi* TOBapHH^eft *). A Tshb {j^slE" 
TasHpyoTB BejDiHROft nojiB3t whobhhrob'b AenyraroB'B, GCsuaacB 
HicoHHo Ha npHMtpi Majiya... Mosho jih npeAcraBHTB 6ojrbe OTBax- 
HBift npoHSBOJTB B'B ^aRTax'B H 6ojr6e TeHAeH^io3Hyl) nyTaHHny b'b 
HAeaxi! 

Ho, nociii Bcftxi arnxi aaidiqaHift, bu wb npaBi cnpocHTB, ^dsMTb xe 
Tor^a noiBayercH Tshb b'b Meiiyapax'B;2[Majiy8, ctoab buooro oraBH era 

J)a80yAHTeJ[BH0CTB? 



'). I, 297, 306, 336. 
>)• Ba B^. I, 154. 
•). Mtm. II, 32—3. 



52 PFCCKOB fiOFATCTBO. 



XXIU. 



Mh He Euiewh bosmoxhocth pa86HpaTB B&k cciush Tana Ha 
Maiya, mu BosBMOirB iboib BasHtfimifl, AaK>iiufl HcropHKy npaBopib- 
maxB wb HSBicTHOirb cmicrt oahvb mbt> cyn^ecTBeHHtftmHX'L Bonpo- 
coFB peBOADiiiOHHaro ABHseHin, — HMeHHO OTHocnreuHo caMocTOflreis- 
HOCTH A^fiaTOBX H pimoHifi Hai^ioHajiBHaro co6paHifl. IIo cpe;;cTaBieHii> 
TdHa,— Go6paHie ci caiioro Haqajia noAnajio noA^ BiacTb raxiepeft 
H ycraHoBEicfl coi)3i» conacHuxi 6icH0BaTLix'B» ct> conacHuiiH cso- 
TaMH». noAi> A^^BJiGHieiTB rauepen, uexflj upoHHirB, nponsonijio npe- 
Bpaii^eflie TperLaro cocjlobui bi» Ha^ioHalBHoe coOpanie. ^ah Aosa- 
saTOACTBa T8Hi> pa3CRa3£iBaen> anHso^i. KiiBa jmnL Maiya npe^io- 
SHJTB yAOCTOBipHTB c^eTOiTb POJiocoBT* piffleHie npeAcraBHTeJiefi TpeTMro 
cocAOBiH, <KaKofi TO qejoBiiTB fipocaercfl cb rajuepen Ha Majiyo, 
xBaiaeTB ero 3a ropjo h KpHqnrb: caaMOi^H, ;^Hofi rpaiex&HHHB!> 
Maiya HeiieAieHHO ocbo6ojihjih, ho cyacaoi pacnpocTpaHHica no 
daii» — H 6ojiLniHHCTBO Ha cjiiAy»ndft Aohb ptniHxo Bonpoc^ yrBep- 
;^HTe-lIfcHO *). 

OGpaTHMCfl Rx Maiya. diiEZOjs;b^ noiy^HBUiifi TaKoe HCKJoo^HTOiBHoe 
anaqeHie y Tana, aaxporHBaeTCH bi» MeMyapaxb mpu paaa. Oahhi 
paai* MaJiya, paacKasuBaa o Boryifi co6paHifl, — ^hh oj^hhitb cioBoirb 
hh o6MOJiBHBaeTCfl Ha cqeTB npHUDqenm (tb nnirb, ct> Maiya. Bi 
Apyroft paai, bi> nncbici ki* H36HpaTeifljn>, t. e. bt* o$$HEdaiBHOMi> 
AOKyMOHTb, Maiya noBicrsyeTB, tto ohi cAutuaAh (tb raiiepeft kphkh 
no s^pecy «Ha(rB», t. e. Boo6n^e yMtpeRHmi: csaMOiqHTe, AypHHO 
rpasAftH6^> B deoe ES'b ny6iHRH cnycTHiHci bi> aaiy, cxBaTHiH aa 
ropio odnoio denymama, no om — MoAys noaBaxB crpasy, npHsaaan 
apecTOBaxB nacHiBHEKOBi, — ohh ycnlin ncqesHyTB. HaKonei^, bi> 
TpexBoifB Mtcrl Maiya nepe;](aeT^ aaH3o;n>, KaRi owb saHiccTBOBaHB 
IdflOM^, ci oAHOft BecBHa lapaKTepnoft paaHBceft: HeaHaROiiei^ y 
Maiya «tre8 bieu v6tu» — oqeHB xopoino oj^^tb, — nami to^huS 

HCTOpHKl aTH CIOBa BU6paCBIBaeTB Bl) CBOefi Ii;HTaTb, KOHB^HO, H81 

cTpaxa, qix)6u mu ho sanoAoapiiH Easoro Hn6yAB A^efliiBMeHa^ 
BOo6n;e «noqTeHHaro qeioBisa* bi> nporecrt npoTHB^ Maiya *). 
MosHO-iH, npH TaKOifB noioseniH $aRTa, c^HTaTBero fieaycioBHO 

AOCTOBipHEIM^ H Ha OCHOBaHlH 610 o6'BflCHHTB O^giHB H81 BaSVU- 
rnHXI* MOMeHTOBl B'B HGTOpiH pOBOIDipH? TdHB, HOBHAHMOMy, CaiTB 

qyBCTBOBaii> sbsoTopoe CMyn^oHie: ^anaTHKi niHiaTB, — owh vh j^be- 
HOMX ciyqai ne yKoaueaefm, Tji,i B'B MSMyapaxb Maiya owb HamerB 
CBoe npoHcmecTBie h, Koneqno, hh ssyKOMi ne HaMOKaerB, vb Ka- 
KOMx BHA^ coduTie HBifleTCfl Vb HCToqHnKi. HcTopHRy HjacHo Ohio 



K 



La jRev. I, 47. 

Mem. I, 818, 353, 421. 



TdHX. 53 

opjBLO cjioBOfi — la terreur, — h oht> cxBaiMca sa iprraTy, npe^Bapa- 
TOJiBHO jifiaae HCRasHB'B ee. 

HaKOHOi^i, Maiya coBepmeHHO acho ptmaeTL BonpocL o BjnaHiH 
ny6j[EKH Ha ^^enyraTOB'B. Oho cna^wio no;iHHMaTBCfl> co cMepxH Mh- 
pa6o, T. e. c^ anpthM 1791 %oda *). A ao rfext nop-L BeJiHKifi opa- 
Top'B CB TpH6yHH H3AiBaj[CH Ha;^^ GTpaxaMH ^pe;^^ IlajiepoflJieii'i) h 
ocMiHBajTL pimeHJH h HacTpoeHiH aioro, no KHiHii) Tana, o^ara pe- 
BOuuoi^H. TdHx BSTJULAi* MspaCo Ha Ilaiepofljib n, cj[t;i.0BaTeABH0, na 
rajuepoH mofl npoqecTB bi* cofiCTBeHHUxx pi^axx MHpa6o, npoHSHe- 
oeHHiixi wh cavue ropa^ie momohth a'S^htojibhocth co6paHiH '). y 
Toro se MHpa6o T8hi> hofl nosHasoMHTBca cb MHoro^ECJieHHHMH npH- 
^HHaMH, BUdBaBoiHHH upeBpan^eHie TpeTBaro cocJioBia m> naniloHajiB* 
Hoe coCpaHie 0. 9th npHqnHH cb yAHBHreJtBHHiTB eAHHOAymieirB bh- 
cKaaasu liin* ace Majiya h HpesHAeHTOii'B xpeiBflro cociobIa BajiBH. 
MHpa6o yjcasuBaoTB AHJieMMy — hjih €nojiHTHqecKaa 0e3;i,'bflTejiBHocTB» 
fflTaioB-B HJiH «caMOKOHCTHTyHpoBaHie» (se constituer) TpeTBaro cocjio- 
Bia HesasHCHMo oxi nepsBixx Asyxi, Tas'B saKi Ti ynopHUJi-B oisa- 
3oirB coej^HBTBca CB TpexBHM'B napaiHdOBaiH scaKoe A^gcxBaTejiB- 
Hoe sna^eHie cosuBa renepajiBHHX'B niTaTOBX. 9to npadHaerB h 
Ma^ya: pasi ho Cujl'b piineHi> BonpocB o rojiocoBamH hofojiobho, — 
creHepaiLHue lUTaTH 6buh napaiaaoBaEU cb canaro Haqaj[ax>. A 
HpoT0Bi> QOJosHTejDbHaro pimeaia sonpoca ctohjeh nepBua cocjiosia^ 
cjii^OBaTajBHO h 3a:6gb np6TeH3iH apacTospaTiH Sbuih nepsoncTO^Ha- 
EOMB KpaBHefi peBOJU0I^OHHofi wbpn ^), BaiBH cBoft o^eHB noApo(5- 
Hu£ pascEaai o co6uTiH aa^HHaerB ciOBaHH Nous metire en acti- 
vite^ H Bjsjbch se noacaaeTB axB 3HaqeHie — se constituer en assembUe 
sepa/ree 0- IlepsBia j^aa cocjioBia HjieaHO h pasc^arHfiaiH ^aopaaTB 
reHepajiBHfiie arraTU, nacxaHBaa na nococjiKOBHoirB roJiocoBaniH. 0?e- 
BHp[o, cxapufi nopaj^osi npn TasoHB o6opoTi aea^efi 6uj['b sapaaie 
rapaHTflpoBaHB ^^yica rojiocaMH npoTHBi* oahofo. 

CaMuft $asTB coBepmajtoa fb ;^ficxBHTeJiBH0CTu a^^beo He TaKi*, 
KaRB ero asofipasHA'B Taax. IIpoji^i HaMH cBa^i'&TejBCTBa oieBHjmeB'B, 

H OitEHB HSB HEXB — BOCBHa ^aCTO IipHSHBaeMUft BB CBHAiTeJUH Td- 

BOMi H, cjrbAOBaTejbHO, coBciMB He Apyi^ napoAHoft napTm, npaico 
yTB^pasAaeTB, ^to bo Bpeiia OKOHqaTej[BHUXi& npeaii crajiepeairb 
npHJKaaaao Cbuo fiesycjiOBHoe MOJiiaHie. 9to tva.'h gmotpb AByxi 
napTill* °). ^yroft o^eBHAei^'B — riaaHHii repoH co6uTia, BajiBH. Ero 



») lb. 11, 25. 

*) HanpHKibp'B, p6iB b'b san^Hry HeBsepoBcsaro npoeRxa e^HHOBpeMeHHaro 
vpe3B£raaftHaro Haaora, b% paaii^p'l verBeprot vacrra cfh aoxoaobi (ceHTa6pB, 
1789 roAa). Mirabeau t^nt par Ud m^me. JRectteU dea diacours. Paris, 1791, 
I, 408. 

») Pft^H Bt iron* 1789 r. lb. 36 etc. 

M Mimoires de BaiUy. Paris, 1821, I, 138. 

*) Damont. Souvenirs. 74. Btotb ^moh% i^HTHpyeTca Tbhovb Tam, r^ik 
H8o6pasaeTCfl HeHasHCTb napoAa vb capHCTOKpaTairfc*. Ho no noBOxy paads- 
paexaro Bonpoca ^idxoh^ onycEaoTca. Gp. I, ^—6. 



54 PyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

MeMffapH TdWb npHasaen, noBH^pufoicy, Bnoni yxoBJieTBopHTeiB- 
fiiiiMi> flCTO^HHKOiTb, — no Kpafifleft Mipi H6 noj^BepraerB spnTHKi Hn>^ 
ji;ocTOBipHocTi». IIpaBAa, owb ne BUA9,QTb noxBaiBHaro jmcra HX'b 
aBTopy, fl CTOHTB npo^ecTb HicEOJiBKO CTpaHHi^ 7 BaibH, qTo6u no- 

HilTB npHHHHJ. 

BajiBH — Bi Bucmeft cteneiiH ncKpeHHiS h nectHNfi pascKad^msi^ 
BUCOKO TBasaeioift j^tsreu h6 tojqiSO bi cpe^i Tperuiro cociOBifl, 
HO H nepBuzi AByxi. Ero pascKasx apKO orpaacaeTL hmbeho lorrb 
dHTysiasiTL h BexEKOAynne, Roropue Torbhjeb craBHTB bo oaBi pe- 
BOJ[K)i];ioHHaro ABHaseHifl. HHraa npocioe no 4>opMi e saATineBHoe na 
TOHy noBtcTBOBame BaJiBH, kh 6jjixo npHcyrcTByeirB opoAH upeotipa- 
soBaTOJiefi-poMaHTHKOBi H noJiHTHKOBi-npopoEOBi. TdHi vb HXi> pi- 
^ax-B BHAHTB oAHy rJnynocTB h jmi^eAeftcTBO, — BaiBE OesnpecTaHHO- 
y]CHj[fleTCfl npoA'B 6xaropoAHtmiUfH nopiiBaMH cBonrB TOBapHnieft h 

H^KOTOpUe HOMeHTEI OWb XOTtn 6U yBiEOBi^HTB 30JI0TUMH 6yKBaKH ^). 

OqoBHAHO, TdHy npEXOAHTca crb noKasaHiflMH noAo6Haro CBJijxjb^ 
TejEEA iipoH3BOAHTb ewfi 601^6 pimHTeJo^HHfl onepa^iH, Tbin> cb Apy- 
rHMH. Bajn>H, HanpHMlp'B, Hcropin BOSEHKHOBOHifl HaiUoHaxbHaro oo- 
6paHui paacRasuBaen, no Kpaftneft ntpl, na copoEa crpasEi^ixi, — y 
TdHa Bce orpaHEqEBaeTca HicKOJiBKHMfl OTpoKaira. yBaJObs jifiossoA 
pEA^8aciA&EiS,noApo6EMniBX'BE BcecxopoEHEXiioOcyaweBift Bonpoca, — 
B-B oco6eHHOcm sacaiejiBEo canaro TepMEHa, — y Tasa Bce ji!bJLO bos- 
^aeicfl oAHEiTB anflsoAOirb. BajBH, npEBO^fl OEos^aTejcbsoe ptmoEie, 
aaoBiEeTB: rien de plus mSthocUque^ Tasi saRi Tperbe cocj»)Bie Bi^ 
BOTyMt yKasaio npEqEsy nflTEHBA'lxBHaro des^lficTBifl reHepajBHux'B' 
niTaTOBi H Hamjo ce6fl BUHya^eHHumb opraEESOBaTBOE *). Y TsHa 
bmIcto jiorEKE ^aKTOBT* — npocTOft CKaHAaJi'B. 

H OKasuBaercfl, o(h> oprasEsaipE xjionoTaiE npoEicyn^ecTBeHEo 
npOBEHi^aiH. Majiya coofin^aerB, ^rro ose 6iue EayMiesii pimEiejiiB- 
EOOTBH) napEscEExi* A^nyraTOBi^ rojoooBaTB npOTEBi apEcrospaTiH 
E ABopa. «napE2irB no^TE h^boitb saBEcin otb ABopa ejie sejii 
dj[oynoTp65ieHiflHH», roBopETB BaJiBE, e npoBEsn^ajBSue AenytaTu 
AOJiro coxpaEE^E npeAy6iacAeEie npoTEBi napEsaEi h BepcajiBn;eBi>, 
fle OHEAaiE OTB Eflxi dEepriE e eokpoesocte bt> yHEHToseEiE era- 
pHxi aojTB. H Garb BajiBE se paac^ETiiBajTB oooOesso sa napEsaEi, 
3EaE Exi «AMcTBETejn»Eui flHTepe(rB> bi cyn^ecxByion^eirB oopEAKi 
Beni;ei. Ho sa a^'^ Bumio Esa^e, e BaiBE npEUECEiBaeTB aro 
«jik)6be SB GBo6oAi E Mys6CTBy» napEsa '). KapTEsa nojiy^aeroE 
coBepmesEO oOpaTsaa Tofi, KaKyn HapEcoBan Taffb. 

?T06u AooTETEyTB Tpe6yeMux'B peayjBTaTOBB, EcropEsy npEDUOob 
ESBpaTETb EJE npEMo EsypoAOBaTB cooCn^enifl BajobE. 

Offb, sanpEirbpi, }^a AOKaaaiejiBCTfia Bce Tofi »e BJiacTE ^epsE 



*) Bailly. I, 203. 
») lb. 158. 
•» lb. 150-1. 



T8H*b. 55 

HaAi> codpameirb pascBasuBaen ABa aiuisoAa, ocTopo2BHO jiiai^HBas 

06l HCTO^HHK'b ffiK OffEOTO H81> HHX'B, T. 6. HH Ha KOFO H6 COKUa- 

acB. Opjawb djosojsib — yipoaa AenyiaTj cse^ ero jsfiwb aa HOAeiio- 
KpaiH^ecsoe rojioeoBame. APY^A — OTEasi Hteoero Martin d'Auch orb 
oOn^eft KiaTBu bo Bpeiia SHaiieHHTaro coOpanifl bi> Ma^hoS sairb: bi 
peajuTaTi offb AOJOKOHib 6HjrB lafiHHH'b xojsfiwb CKpHTbca otl Ha- 

pO;^Oi flpOCTE H • BB Te^OHlH HicSOJEBKHl'B J^et HO' aBJUUCa B^ 

coOpanie ^). 

06a $aKTa npHBexeHU 7 BaiBH, — ^ho cpaBHHro pascRasi Tana h 
AificTByD^aro joasfik, bu yBHAnte, hto snaqETB nncaTB HCTopix) no 
cnocoSy «HaT7pajnicTa». BaiBH ropBKO ctTyen, hto noj(o6Hiifl yrpo- 
3u «6e8ieoiHTB peBOJiDipD^ H saflBiaeTB, ^no ont noTTH hh- 
sor^a ne hphboahjihcb bi^ HonojiHeme. H na stotb pasi laKi* 
AificTBHTejiLHO H GAy^ouocB. TdWb, cilAOBaTOJiBHo, ciOBaiTB, 6po- 
meHHHiTB Ha siiepi, npHAajTB anaieHie coBepmHBmarocfl <|^aK- 
Ta. En^e 6oj[Bm6 HCKaxena Hcropifl ci» Martin d'Auch. Owb ot- 
KaaaJica npoxHBb ece%o co6paHifl npHHOOTH sxHTBy. HodaBHCHMo 
OTi> Tomu oTRasi BoaicyTHA'B denymcmoeh] apocrb oBJ^a^iJia eoAt- 
vmMmeoM^. BaiBH namejn «o6ii^ee hoaoboibcibo^ h «HeroAOBa- 
Hie> cBnojrat sasoHHUMHi h no^aeprb «onnoHeHTa» crporouy BHy- 
moHuo. AenyraTb ocTaica npn CBoem nfffeHin, ho Ha cj^^^DnUtt ase 
A6HB €HeciacTHHfi> HOHpocHJi'B y BajiBH cBHAanifl H pacrporan ero 
cBOHMi ropoMi. Martin d*Auch duAJL'b vb oTHaamn, hto ohb cosaaan 
^pHajibHoe HeyBasenie co6paH!X)> h ^sto MoryrB sanoAOspbTB ero 

naTpiOTHSM'B H HCKpeHHOCTB. OffB HO MOFb HSMIhHTB CBOft BSriHA'^i H 

noTOMy He snaii, zMierb ih ovb npaBO HBiflTBCs Ha sacbAaniH. 
BaiBH ycnoKOHjrB ero, o6i»flCHHJrB, iro ohi hhkohitb oGpasoitb He 
Hon* yxpaTHTB cBoe SBanie npeAcraBHreifl naipn, ho nocOBiTHBajii 
ejiy B'B xe^eniH nicKOABKHX'B Asei ho flBJTflTBCH bi coCpanie, nosa 
He yjuryrca yiui, a ohi — Bajn»H — MesAy t^itb noxoAaiaficTByen sa 
Hero npoA'B co6paHieirB h ycTpoHTB eny «B08Bpan^eHie Jtersoe h Mnp- 
Hoe». TaKi* A'i^o h koh^hjiocb cnycTfl A^eft hhtb hju meciB >). 

BaiBH HH^ero ne rosopHTB HpocxH TOJins, ho ecu dxa apocTB 
H 6£U[a, — A&JtBHifimifi xoa'b HCTopin 6pocaeTi> coBepmenHO Apyroft 
cBtTb Ha co6MTie h ero repoa, ^rhrb y Tana. TaKse paapimaerca 
y BaiBH H BonpoiTB raniepeflX'B ooCpamH.. Y Tana, noBHAHMOMy, 

6UIH BC']^ OCHOBaHlH — BMiCTO CKaHAaiBHOft XpOHHKH 06paTHTBCfl 8a 

cB^A'fcHiHMH Ri npeaHAOHTy npeACTaBHTejiefi ^pampn. BaiBH nOHH- 
jcaeiB HeyAoficTBO MHoro^HCJieHHOfi ny6AH£HH8'B napoAa fb sasoHo- 
AaTeiBHofi aajrb: «rAl MHoro napoAy, lairbOHB rocnoAHH^>.HoycTpa- 
HHTB ero He 6ujlo HHKasofi bosmosbhocth: cjibhikomb Sbui Boafiys- 
Aem Bceofinqfi HHrepecB ki* codpaniD h, xpoMt loro, cane co6paHie, 
no GJiOBaM'B BajKBH, HyacAdJEOCB vh onopi h 0A06peHiH HasHi. Bi co- 



*) La Mo. I, 47-8. 
*) Bailly, 180, 190-5. 






W.:' 



56 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

(paBifl 6h3lo MHoro HepinmreiBHiixi, 6ofl8iHBHrB, hobh^sobi ^a no- 
sHTH^ecEOMi) nonpmi^i: xaKHH'b Heo6xoAHMo OAo6peHie, BooAymeBJieHie, 
HpaBctsoHHaa dj[eRTpH3aii;iH. VL ny6ji[nKa BsnoJiHflia 8to HasHa^eHie 
AO TftEoS cTeneHH i^'&i6coo6pa3HO, qio Haii;ioHajBabHoe co6paHie npo- 
cuo Kopojia yAajuaiB otb SAaHifl BoeHHuft sapayz'B h otrpbitb cbo- 
6oiiHHft AocxyiTL 3pHTej[flMX. BajiBH OTirb^aerb ti ahh, Eor^a napHaRi» 
daflBJUun oco6eHHO ropa^ee co^yscTBie co6paHiJD, oRasHBai'B eiiy 
«0o;uepsKy h noEpoBHTejiBCTBO> ^). 

C'B C0Bp6H6HH0ft TO^KH 3plHiff STH ^aRTH H C006paacem MOHHO 

noABepraTB KaKOHy yroj^Eo cy^y, ho mi aoishu oii;']^HaBaTB HCTopn- 
^eoRifl ABJieHifl bi» vlvl epedtb h bi hxi ^ojii6»m^, x. e. totho iipe;^- 

CXaBJCflXB EXl BHimEDK) 06cxaH0BKy H nCHXOJEOriK) ^^fiCXByfDmilX'B 

jiHi^%. Tbwl ropABXca uhbmhitb oxspHxieHX bthxi xafiHi, no^eHy me 
owh 3a6uj['b npH caMOMi yAoOnoMi cjiry^at npsH'bHHXB hxi? 

n saicbqaxeJibHO, y ecfbxh xaHOBCKHXi H8J[K)6jLeHHHXi» oqeBHAi^eB'B pe- 
BOJ|]D^i^ BBmojiHAexcfl axa sa^a^a bi 6ojiBineft ess iceHBmefl cxeneBir, — 
OTcyxcxByexi ona toibko y HOB'bfiinaro HcxopHRa. H8o6pa3iiBi» efmrnuKm 
Kopmtmy peBOJ[D^ilI b-b bha'^ 6ojiBinoro cEaHAaJi^a, AHsaro 6y8cxBa 
cyMacmeAmnx'B, TaFB coBepmeHHO onyGTO'B poBOJiiDiiioHHoe 3aR0H0Aa' 
TOJiBcxBO, eHympeHHKm cmopony ABHsesifl, orpaHH^Lnicfl 6paHHHHH 
spinEHMH cjioBaMH H nyxHiTB saHtqameH'B na cqexB cAoCpHXi &k- 
MfiHi» HtcROJrBEHX'B qacTHUx'B HooxaHOBAeHifi yqpeAHT6ji[BHaro co6pa- 
Hia '). ^yrHMH cjioBaiiH— rpona^^as pa5oxa, nojiosHBmaa ochobu 
HOBott <bpaEi];iH h bo mhofhx'b oTHomeniflX'B hoboS EBpoiiH, — flfis. Tdsa 
He cymecxByex^. Oh-b iipesnoTOxaexT> ocxaHOBHXBca Ha Bonpocax-B, no 
ero uH-i^Hiio, oqeHB yAodHuxi a^ rji[y6oqaamaro yHHseHifl «GTaAa leo- 

peXHS0Bl>». 

CaMoe ToopexH^ecsoe npoHSBeAeme peBOJiriDii;iH, necoimiEHO deKAa- 
pauin npaeh, na nee TdffB o6pyniHBaexi bch> xssecxB cBoero Haxy- 
pajiHGxn^ecsaro cxhih h CHOBa osasiiBaexcH vb hoihohii paanoriaciH 
cb CBOHMH aBxopHxexaHH. 

npeas^e Bcero, ^eKAapa^iH)npae^u]pQ?fiova^Jll>'t^JBhe — yMnpeHHwH 

E O&baGEEJTb UOXHBH. ^paHI^aiTB He Ha^ilTB 6hJ[0 nOGXpOHTB EOH- 
CTHXyi^iD, HeJEBSa CWLO OXHOEaiB HHEaEHXl npHHI^HnOB'B CBO6OAH H 

paBHonpaBHOCXH bi cxapofi HonapxiH h bi ^eoAaJiHSMi, ocrasaiocB 
npHOirnyxB ei (mej^eneHHrnKb udenrnz. BaiBH pasA'i^xi BsruA'B 
MyHBe, EaKi» n BecB EOMHterB, BupaSaxusaBmift soHCTHxyn^. Ho 
dxoro Hajco. MaueAnnaHB — nddpaHHEEi Tana, ^aHaxHRi sojEoroft ope* 
ARHH, XHHHqHHi 6ypsya, xoxh h mneti^apei^, AOSxpHHepi h neAasTB, 
cHa6AHBmlH Tana 6ojn»niei) ^acxBH) 6paHHHxi BEipaseHiS npoxHBi 
Aiflxeieft pcBOJiDiiiiH, oxoxi camifi MajueAioHaHX HSBHHaexB, eciHHe 
onpaBAHBaexi d^uapatm. Owh paHBme Tana o6o8BajrB peB0JlI)^iI) 
fflpocxBK) H 6e3CMUGjnein>», c6e3cufi[Gj[ie]rB h neBiaRecxBoiTB*, nocni- 



*) lb. 226-6, 284-6, 248. 
») La mv. I, 277. 



TBH-B. 57 

fliofl Hap» ^HTaroJUDn 6poinx>p'B — ^np6o6pa80BaTai£MH scejeHHOft, saAi 
€6icH0BaTUMH», «6iineHUMH TeoperHsaicH*, csoETjepaHHi, ysaaai'B 
Ha <iconepHyio pecnyfijiHsaHCKyi) 6ojrroBflD», e «HeHCTOBGTBO BapBa- 
poBi», H3o6pa8HJ['b naxepofljis — ^i^OHrpoHi saroBopa, pasBpaia s b7> to 
se BpeHfl peBOJiBipoHHaro ABHsenifl, Bm^miyjrB Ha nepBui njEaHi> 
poiB HaAiHHX'B aseHHiiHE'B, Boo6ni;e npejn;BocznTH;i'B i^hsoitb h cjioBapb 
Tana h cb^ohu ero HcropiH. Hameiiy asropy piniETeiBHO HH^ero h6 

npnXO;i;HJEOCB SHBOnnOaTB C06GTBeHHUMH yOEJOHMH, ociaBaiocB tojibko 

nepe^pasHpoBaxB raseTHCifl ciaTSH h nncBMa pofliHCTCKaro ny6jiHii;HCTa. 
flfOLQ o6ni;afl xapaBTepncTHKa peBOJU0^iH, KaKi HapymeHk npaai* ssn- 
HocTH H co6cTBeHHOCTH, 6e3npecTaHH0 noBTopaerca y Majue^^nnana h 

yAHBHTOJEBHO, KaiCB BCt KpHTHSH HCTOpH^OCKBZ'B Tpy^OBl TSHa HOrjEH 

npocHOTpixB HacToiBKo TbcHyu CBHSB 610 pasosaBa H ;^ase jispH^e- 
cKHXi* OTcrynjieHifl , CB TBopeHiAME «pa3oyAHTejiBHiftmaro oBH^'bTejifl^ 
peBomiijiH, 9T0 6ojn»inHHCTBO camix'B CHnHiizi cTpaHsmi'B wb RHHri 
Tana HpeBpaiE^aerofl vb npocTyx^ KOMnHJUii^ h nepe^pasHpoBsj ^). 
Ho TdH% ROMnHJuaiTopi oefii na yifi h mu yse sHaeirB, ohi 6eperB 

H8B HCTOHBHROBl TOJU^KO UyOICHtM tf^UfW, BCO OCTaJDiHOe SaMaJI^JIBaeTB 

CI caMofi jEencoft coBicxBD. Tasi h ox Majue^qonaHoirB. npaBAa> jifla 
dToro nouTHKa — Bce cpeaioMO pesojiiDiiiHi bb oahoitb $aKT&: «He- 

ABHXHMaH C06cTBeHH0CTB ^BOpflHEfia Wb pyKaXI* JiaEea 3aK0H0J[^Tejl[H> 

H TdKoe saium^eme cocraBiflexcH, xaBi» h y Tana, na ocHOBaHin anH- 
BOAa ^). Ho TOTB se Ma22eAH>naffB ;^aeTB HOTHHHO-TparH^ecKyiD xa- 
paKTopHOTHRy poHjmcmoez h coffcmeemiiuKoah, He n^aAHTB h no hxb 
SLXpecff CBOHX'B o6u^Him anHTexoBii. Oh'b ho cRpuBaerB aroHSKa, no- 
ivnraecRoft OesAapHOCTH, ajraocrs, A^TCRaro Hepasyidfl npnBHJue- 
rflpoBaHHUX'B H HOABepraeTB caMOMy pisROHy nopmiiaHii) ci&ioe ynop- 

CTBO nepBBEX'B COCJIOBifi, yRJtOHflBmHXCfl OTB BCflRarO npHMHpeHia (TB 

Hapo^iiffoft napiiei h yBSA^inflX'B cpe^CTBo cnaceHia bi aMHrpaiUH h 
te HHocTpaHHOM'B BiAmaTexBCTBi '). Sa^cb MajueADHaHi OAHHOAy- 
mewb (yb Maiya, MyHBO, BajiBH h MHpa6o, t. e. bc^mh aBTopHTeraMH 
TaHa ^). HoTOM'B^— ^TO ocoiSeHHO BasHo, MaJBrjeADnavB, RaRi h B&k 
coBpeMeHHHRH poBOJODipH, CTpoFo pasuiaerB anoxH b'b peBOjmi^oE- 
HOMi ABHseHiH, cpaBHSBaeTB ero cb RacR^OMi* boau, naAaaon^arB 
Boe HHxe — BniOTB AO BJiacTE ^epHE, H nepByn peBoiDipx), x. e. pe- 
BOJDDioK) resepajEBHiix'B miaTOB'B^ aBTopB ciExaeTB «peB02]Di^ie§, co-^ 
BepmeHHOft a^ Bceft Eai(iE, Rpomi Ropoifl>, A^use «peB0J[K>iqE 14 -ro 
iDifl>, no ero icEiHii), peBoiDn;ifl ajui «Bcefl nai^E^ sa ECRiB^eEi- 
eiTB nepBtncB Asyxi cocxoBifi ^). H MaueAnnasi o^ohb saEBHo 



Considerations sur la nature de la r^L en France, Londres 1793. 
ATant-propoB VII, V. 1. 5, 9. 10, 11, 30, Gorrespondance politique pour servir 
d Vhistoire du r&^licanisme francads. Hambonrg 1796. Avant-propos, VII, 
Introd. XXX, XXV, LV, 11-13. 23. 
') Gorrespondance, 25. 
V Gonsiaerations, 21. 

Mounier. De Vinfluence attribute aux philosophes, 99, 100—101. 
MSmdres et eorrespondance, Paris 1851, I, 397—8. 



:i 



58 P7CCK0K BOrATCTBO. 

cosHaercfl, qTo sptmuiMH cioBaiiH owh vb oje^hocth HSoOpasiui pe- 
BOJiDipK), Rasb cee nanuMcum Mopamuemhi^ *). A HdWb toibro btoA 
«peB02X>i^ieft MapaTHCTOBi»» n orpaHHUjrcfl. 

O^OBHAHO, MaJue^DnaffB ho hofl OTHeoxHOB si soncxHTyi^ ynpe- 
XHTejubHaro coOpaHifl ci Gesnon^aAHOCTBi) Tana. IIo hoboaj dexAapa- 
tm npaeh njdiMjjficTb npHnoMHHJTB, tto ki> Tasoro po^a «a6GTpaK- 
ipflMi)^ npHftbraiH bodaj, rji^^ npHXOAHAOCB oos^aBaTB ocHOBUHOBaro 
nojiHTH^ecKaro h oGn^ecTBeHHaro orpoa. Tasi nocryiiHAH anrjiH^aHe 
B-B soRu;! 1688 r., xoth bi> hxi Hcropis cyn^ecTBOBajin haoh h ^vm, 
BOHCTHiy^ioHHoft CB060AU. CoTSH napj[aM6HTCRHxi pi^es H 6pomx)px 
oticysA&iB dTH «MeTa$H8EqeoKie npHHiprnuD. MajiJieADflaH'B Aaxe Ha- 
suBaen KHHry, i('&raEDMi» npeABocxHTHBiii7x> oGmecmeeHHuiSt doweopz 
Pycco. IIpaBAa, aHrjuwHe h6 nyfijiHKOBaJH deicAapauiu^ RaKi saBOflO- 
AaTejBHaro AOKyiceHxa, ho bIab ohh h'b cymHOCTHTOiBKO^o^cmaMOtf- 
AJiAu cBo6oAy. 3a to aHepHKan^u npomu nyTB saBOHOAaTOJiBHOfl mo- 

Xa^^HSHSE^). 

TdWb OAHOBpejceHHO ci BoeHHUirB HaTHCK0in» na p^B0JlK)^iID h 
npeBpan^oHieiTB roHopaiBHUxB mTaxoBB vh aAMHHHCTpaTHBHyiD KaH- 
i^ejiflpiK) peKOMOHAyerb en^e oaho croase GnacHTeiBHoe cpeAcxBo: na- 
AiOHaiBHoe coOpaHle AoracHO 6ujio cnpocHTB coBiia y cKopMuxi h 
npo^ecciosajiBHux'B sopa6xecTpoHTej[eft», t. e. y HHOcrpaHi^eBi, an- 
riH^aHi H aMepHRaHii;6B'b, XHBmHxi> vb IlapHst bo Bpeiifl peBon>- 
lUH ^). H TavB npHBOAHTB 0T8UBU 8THXI HHocTpaHi^eB'B 4^paHi(y3- 
CKHX'B A^ax^B. Mai otsubobi* baaho tojibko, iTO H aifepHKaHCKifl mh<- 
HHCTp'B, H anrjiiitoKifl nyTemecTBeHHHKB cyAHu ^paniUK) cb gbohxi* 
Ha^ioH(MhHux^ to^oki spiHiH h Ha^'i^flJmcB bha^tb lerBoe ocyni;eoT- 
Bienie ochobhb[xi» KOHCTHTyiuoHHBixi> aaROHOBBy wb poAb — habeas-cor- 
pus, cyAa npHGasHuxi>,CBo6oAH coBicTH, newTH — h HaciaHBaiH na 
y^acTiH Bucmeft snaTH wb noAoCHUxi pej^opHaxi*. 3to SHa^HJo co- 
BopmeHHo He noHHMaTB h a^^o ho bhaItb oo6uTift h jidaoA. TaRl» 
AynaTB 6iuio ecTecTBOHHO HHOCTpaHii;aH'B XYIII-ro BtRa, ho coBop- 

inOHHO HenpOGTHTeJEBHO COBpeneHHOHy ^OHUyaCKOMff HCTOpHRy, Vb 

cjitA^ 3a amjiuHmuHOMz BDhtoitb, — norpyacaiBCH bx paacyasAOHifl na 
cqoTB nojHTH^ecRaro renia h saROHOA&TeJTBHofi Ai^TejiBHocTH apncro- 
RpaiiH. BtAB offB ace cairB npeACTaBmiB oaiiyiD yApy^ann^yi) RapTnny 
craparo $paHii;y3CRaro ABopflHCTBa, oTBeprb y apHCTORpaxoB'k BCHRoe 
noHHTie <o&b apxHTORtypi h ycipoftcTBt 3AaHia», t. e. rocyAapciBa, 
Aase cnoco6HOCTB ocBaHBaTBca cb a^ctbhtojuiHoctbi), h hmbhho pa- 
AOKB CB aarjiiftcRoft snaTBH) Tshb npoHsnecB ciieprHuft ^p^^oBop^ 
4)paHi^y8CRofi *)• 

A TOnepB KH HHTaeiTB aihhhuh pascysAOHifl o toitb se ABopoH- 



^) KypcHBi aBTopa. Considerations, 89. 

») Mimoires, I, 176-7. 

•) La R^v. I, 156—7. 

•) Cmapbtu nopsSofn, 86—7, 92, 226—7. 



TSffB. 59 

CTBi, KaRi eAHHCTBeHHOMi B2kjifi7KE0Ui> pascaAHHSt rocyAapcTBOEHBixi* 
XbiTeiefl. Bcero HicKOJEBSo jiirb tomj HasaA'B ohx xapaKiepHSOBai'K 
aHrjnficKRX'B nouTHsoBi fijiaropoAHaro npoHCXOsAenia h OTAiiu'b hxi 
i^iAoft nponacTBK) ori ^paii^ysoKaro ABopflHciBa, a lenepB owh bo 
Bceft nenpHKOCHOBeHHOCTH aiy xapaKTepHCTHRy nepeHocHTL Ha 4>paH.- 
i^yscKyi) noray ^). H saroBapHBaercfl nanTB HCTopnRi ao TaKOft 
€TeneHE, ^to wb npnvkph apucmoKpamuHecKoA TajiaHTJDSBocTH B'b no^ 

UTflRi npHBOAHTb IlHTTa, EaHHSHTa, IIhJUI,— a OHH-TO HHOHHO H HO 

npHHaAiesajH ri npHBEJixernpoBaHHOMy Rjiaccy, ctoxb RpacHopi^HBo 
E8o6paseHHOMy y HcropHRa ^). Ho canoe crpaHHoe, ROHe^Ho, cosep- 
moHHO HeosH^aHHaji poiB ctoib ropfl^aro samsTHHRa pof^ h cpedta. 
IIpeBpan^eHie ^paHnyaofii vb anr^iHqaH'B y Tana, HecoufltHHo, 6oJche 
^aHxacTH^ecRafl Teopin, ^^wb «0TBj[e^eHHHfi qejiOBtR'B» y Pycco h 
Han;ioHaj[BHaro co6paHifl. H TdWb CHOBa no Hay^aocTH h cepsedHo- 
OTH HAeft craHOBHTc^ HHse cBoero jwrem hsi* npomjiaro BiRa-^ 
KoHAHJBflRa, upenoAaBaBmaro oa'teue TpesBue h noiosflTOJibHue ypoRH 
Hac^erb ochobhhx'b saROHOAaTOJiBHHX'B pe^opMi »). 

Mh OrpaHH^HMCfl 8THHH SaMlqaBiflMH O peBOJ[ID^iOHHOfi HCTOpiH 

TdHa. fii cyniHOCTH era Hcropifl ji,Jia nojraofi oi^tflRH TpeOosaJna 6£i 
CTOJiB se o6inHpHofl no o(h>eMy pa6oTu, RaRoft ona npoAcxaBJiflerb y 
Tena. CHCTeMaTHiecRH «ypoAyfl A^flcTBHiejiBHocTBi^ Tdwb cBoft npo- 
i^eccB AOBejc-B ao repRyiecoBux'B ctoji6obi» hhohho 9t> ncTopH^ecRBX'B 
TpyAaxi. H coBepmeHHO ecTecTBeHHO. B'B ^uocoj^iH h bi RpHTHRi 
owb naxoAHJicfl npeHMyniecTBeHHo noA'B BjdflnieH'B oTBJte^eHHOfl jmniu 
cucmeMz^ a bi> ncTopin ri drofi HaHin npHCoeAHHuacB en;e noHcyAb- 
mamn epana^ crpenjieHie npenoAaxB nsBtcTHUft npaRTsqecRiH ypoRi. 
H 3apaH'be mosho 6uj[0 osHAaiB, RaRafl y^aciB npeAcroflJia HcropH- 
qecRHHi j^aRTaHi* b% nepoAiiRA yii a fiesycjiOBHo nenayqEaro no cBoek 
npBpoA'b H, Rpoirfa xoro, eme sarnnHOTHSHpoBaHHaro onpoA^eHHUifB 
nojiHTHqecRHM'B HAeaioMi. IIoTOMy qxo aiOTB HAeajii y Tana Chjtb 
CB caMaro naqaia, RorAa ohi* en^e Bsajicfl sa cmapuH nopHdoKt^ s 
ecjiH owb OROHqaiejiBHo ne HSBpaTHn xaRse n Bxofi anoxB, to hcrik)-* 
qHTOJiBEo 6iaroAapa Torbhjik). Bi> Hcropin pbbojidiuh ero HeHaBHCTB 
vb AGAiORpaTiH H 0C066HH0 crpaxi* npoA'B hod padurpajiHGB na noi- 
Hofl cBo6oAi, — H Bnojinl jtornqecRfl ero cysA^Hifl coBnajiH cb HAOflMH 
KpafiHHX'B peaRiUonepoBii XYHI-ro h Haqaja XIX- ro BiRa. B'B pesyjiB- 
Taxb OHi TOJiBRo ocyn^ocTBHJTB npeACRasanie aneprHqEMmaro h3i» 
axBxx Apysefi nornOmaro cxpoa, rpa^a JI,eMecxpa. 

<HamH coBpeMeHHHRH», nscaj'B rpaJKB, «nycxB Bipaxi> ejih se 
BipBxi>, HO noxoMcxBO p'fcniHXi* QjAn^iomfiB: GeapaacyAHldniHHH h3'b 
jUDA^fi ^hjih rb, Rxo co6pajiHCB BORpyrB cxoja h cRasasH: «mh oxhh* 



^) Notes sur VAngleterre. 208, 217; 194—6. To«e othochtmbho h ane- 
pmaHCKHZ'B nopaABOBi*, HeniiicjuiMUX'B bo ^paHi^in— 220. 
») La Rh). I, 188-191. 
•) TraU^ des aysihnes, chap. XY/ 



60 pyCCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

iieiii> y if)paHAy3CKaro Hapoxa ero ApeBsiS rocyAapcTBemaifi cipoft v 
jiaAHMi» euy ^ipyroui (Bce pasno KasoS — HesasHo). najiuca nepBOH- 
cT8a B'b npecxyujieHiH npHHaAiesHTB flKo6i[Hitain», ho hotomctbo cah- 
EOAyinHo oSBHHUTfc y^peAHTejiBHoe coSpanie B^ CeayitiH^ *). 

Tm% upomejiT. stotl nyxb cb 6yKBajii>Hofl to^hoctbh) h, yHBraio- 
wMWh yiipeAHTe.T6fi, ohi* ci» apocTBD ofipymnjicfl sa HRo6HHi^eBi>, 
lecoitH^HHo cauH^'B np&MOJiHHeflHuxi> Teop6THEOBi» cpe^H BCtxi JljiSL- 
Tejeit peBOJiioipH ^). 

npaBAa, Eor^a aHnificKift HQTopHKx KapieftiB nauaJii na ((ipaH- 
i^yBCKUXii peBoJiDi^ioHepoBib, yiH^aii* nxi Bi €saHHn6aj[H3Hi», bi> 
apOHBJieEiE «Bcet AeMOHH^ecKoft naiypu ?6iOBiRa>, t. e. roTOBEJK'b 
Aifl TdHa BlEOTopua KpinRk cjiOBa, — Apyroft HCTopHKi OTBtiaii» 
eny: 

«Hd He aaOuBaflTe i^jsfiWb co 3J[omi> Ao6pa, h BMicTt cib nopo- 
EaitH oTu^TBie H AOfiiecTfl! 8th CRenrBBH BipoBajiH bi jiorH^ecKyD 

BCTEHy U TOJIBED 66 HpHSEaBaJIH CBOOfi nOBeiHTeJLBHHI^efi. 9tH JIOrHKH 

ocHOfiaiB oOxij,eoTBo Ha oahoS JinniL cnpaBeAmBOCTH h cRopte pHCRo- 
Bajm cBoett acH3EBfi), qtMi» OTKasuBajiHCb otb ycTanoBieHHOfi TeopiH. 
dTE aiiEEypeHi^bi i>6flHHaiH cbohiii> •coqyBCTBieux Boe qeJtoBtqecTBO. 
^Tfl 6tmGHM6. BiH pa6oqie9 8th MdJSM 6e37> xji'b6a, tes'b OAesAU, 
ApajiHCb hb rpaHHi;axi» oieqecTBa sa HETopecu ryMaHHOCiH h otbib- 

q^eEBHe UpHflU^BUH, EjiaropOACTBO E 8HTy3ia3MT> BA^^CB 6lUn Blk Ta- 

mwh 'MB HBo6nJtia, KaKi h y saci, n bh npnsHafiTe exi b% Apyrott 
fj^Qpui, qtML Hama. ^paHi(y3Cicie peBOJUoipoHepu 6uj[e npoAaHH oiBJie- 
"jeEHo^ HCTHBt xaRi 36, KaR'B BaiHE nypHTase 6os6CTBesso8; ohh 
ci^OBaiu ^BJioco^in, laK^ BaniE uypETase— pejuariE; ohh cxpeiiH- 
AHCB K-h BceuLpHOny cnaceHiu lam* se, Kasi Bamn nypHTane ei 
jtEiEOMy. Ohu nopasajiH bjlo b'b oCn^ecTBt^ KaR'B Banm HypETaHe— 
B'B iiymi^. OflB 6ujiH 6j[aropoAHH nacrojiBKo ^e, HacROiBRO rb Ao6po- 
AiiejiBHBi. Ohu laRse odiaAau repoHSMOMx, ho HcnojiEeHHUM'B jidCbh 
Kii iioAAMii H K-h o6u;ecTBy, roTOBBHTB Ha nponaraHAy, h arorB re- 
poiiavii npeoDpaaoBaii EBpony vb to BpeMfl, KaR'B Bamii coojiyaKHn 
cjiyx6y To;ibKo BaM'B>. 

He npaBAajE, BpacHopi^qEBO? — e TaK'B nscajTB KorAa*TO 



') Etude sur la SouveraineU, Livre I, chap. YIII. 
^J Tani» Aftt^T-b mhosoctbo xapaRTepHCTER'b flso6EHCTBa, Heo6£iqaftHO pas- 
HoofSpasHuxii n qacTo HenpEMHpHMurb: sffkch h lOHomH-HAeajoieTu, s HeyAa^- 
BSKHf isejotafoii^ie «6uTb q&Mi» HH6yAB>, x inapJiaTaHiii; h <|)aHaTHRH ^pnyjrb 
pasHOAyuiGiiiB El) 4)^xTaiii», ^HCTue AomaTHKHi aHTyaiacTiii, sipyion^ie b% npn- 
sHaTejEtETOCTB noTDMcTBa... Oaehmi ciOBOirb^ nopOA'a flKo6HHi;eB'B ao Tasoft 
cTeneBH, oneBif abd^ o6inHpHa, vto r^b neft mo«ho npHEHcaTB AByx'B coBepmesHO 
npoTnDono:iojEHuxi> repoeBi* — mHJuiepoBCRaro xapRsaa IIoBa h caiioro Tana c% 
ero (|»aHaTBBi!Oiiii ffiopicyji'B h npeneGpesenieifb Ri $aRTHvecROft HcriHib. La 
lUv, II, 1-70. 

') LHMalism^ anglais^ Etude sur Carlyle. Paris. 1844, 164—8. 



idWb. 61 

TenepB sth speHena npomsH desBOSBpaTHO, — h hctophb'b orb cboS- 
CTBOHHOS eMy OTsarofl BepHercfl BcnflTb — ^ropad;^o AaJSHne Bcixi cbohxi 
aBTopoBii— npfluo ki. JId^^obhkj XIY. TaRHiTB HAoajioirB h saROH- 

HHTCfl ZflBHB H A'^TCJIBHOCTB $HJIOCO$a, RpHTHKa H y^OHarO. 

XXIY. 

nocfl4;i;Hia tocth TBHOBORaro Tpy;^a — eoscmanaeAeme cmapaxo no- 
pjidxa. ^ypHajTB JiHTTpe, j^asan or^erB o nepBom* TOMt peBOJiioi];ioH- 
Hofi BCTOpiB Tana, cMtejrcfl Ha^B ero Hay^muuH npereHSiflMH, naA'b 
ero Manepofi CTaBHTB Tesicii bo rjasi cBoero noBi^BOBaBifl, naxo- 
jlEjn>^ mo BT> co^HHeHia h^tb docmouncmea no ^apMfb u cnpdeedAU" 
eocmu no cymecniey h aaRan^HBaji'B oorpoyMHUiTB cpaBHeHieMi pae- 
jtpaseHHaro HcropHKa cb pe66HR0irB. nocii 6ypH ch^btb btotb pe- 
6eH0EB Ha 6epery uopa, cnoRoSHaro h acHaro, h h80 Bcix'B chjii 
apooTHo 6Be'rb pyneHEofi no BOJiaaMB, GpocaerB RaMHs bt* boji^, pa3- 
c^HTHBaa HaRasaTB Mope sa B^epamHBK) 6ypK)... 

«a yj[H6flyjica», roBopHTB aBTopT> cTaiBH, ch xa ae cairaa yjrH6Ka 
aBMacB aa moh ycxa, Ror^a a saRpKETB Raary T»Ha> *). 

Ho aBTOpB Bpa;ft'B-jQ[ npaB^B (tb cBoeft yjiu6Roft. IIo HEiHimHHH'B 
BpeMeHaiTB TBVb — cBoero poj^a CHia. Bi HacToaiqyD Maayry npeA'B 
aauH jfreiBHTB aoBtflmaa Raara npo^eccopa ^hioco^Ih bi^ aeanoia- 
TaacROMi yHHBepcHTeTt, a TdWb 3;^4cB aaJtaeTca bi pojia y^aiejia, 
<pa3Hoo6pa3Haro», «njro;^oBHTiSinaro», cMoryqaro yHa, xocrofiaaro 

npo;iOJiaCHTeJ[BHO& CJiaBH HesaBHCHHO OTB RaRHXl 6h TO HB 6Biao 

MH^Hia a CBCTOMX. nxajEBaacRifi npo(j[»eccop^, Roae^ao, saaerB ae 
Hajio HS'BaaoB'B Vb Tpy^ax^B Taaa: yanb ohobb ohh 6pocaDTca bi rjrasa. 
Ho eiiy a aa yM-B ae npaxopnrb, tto owl HM*erB jt^o wb cyn;ao- 

CTB CB ROMUBJiaTOpOH'B Bl^ ^BJEOCO^ia, ROTOBUfi npieHaMB MIlCJIH 

Xvni-ro B^Ra BQcnojiBsoBajiica pa^a cTpeiueaift, npano npoTHBono- 
jioacaux'B a^eajiaifB nponuftro, ci ^^aaaxBROM'B-aposejaTOirB Vb Rpa- 
TBRt, ;i;OBeAmBH'B npejpneoTBOBaBniia a coBpeMeaaiia e»y a^ea ao 
aejiiaocTB, a ci> naH^jeraGTOH'B bi acTopia, ROTopui nosBOWJTB 
cefit cBoiD aEo6H acTopaqecRyi) paOory npeBpaxBTB vb jaqaoe h3- 
Jiiaaie aeccaMacraqecRax'B nocxpoealK bi odatacra RyjiBxypH a apaa- 
cTBeaaocra a peaai^ioHaHXi crpaxoai a BosA^Jrlaifi ai ofijuacra no- 
aaTBRH. Bci caHocTOHTOJiBBHA sacjiyrB Taaa orpaaaqaaaDTca 0opMoii 
ero npoBBBeAeaifi, ao a oaa, cooGpasao ci MaTeMaTa^ecRairB moto- 
AOiTB, aa RasffOMT* mary cxaaoBaTca yxovaxeJiBao o^aooGpaaaofi a 
iieAaaxaqaoft *). A doxoitb, o^bb^ hbi cxapBixi aBxopaxeTOfl'B Taaa 



^) Jba phUiae. potUwe. 1B78, Tome XXI^ aBToirb Hipp. Stapuy. 

,) 8th CBOflcTBa TOBOBCBaro crura BUBaaoH 8a6aBHyH> xrpy cuovb y BpH- 
THica £«6y, npeA&osHBBiaro ojioiia monotone h monotome sax^aHU BupaseaiA- 
JUBmonotaine a monotainie, ace paBHO aasi BosbTepi bm^cto gcHimatkuis 
ynoTpe6juurB galUhomas. 



62 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

coBepmeHHO enpaeejiiJHBO cirpamHsan: «^to ana^HTB JiHTepaTypHufir 
TaiaHTb Ceat ycepJ^ifl ki hcthh4^» *). 

A KaKoe se ycepj^e kx HCTHni y ^leioB^Ka, BOSBinnanniaro b^ 
KOHi];^ cBOEXi AHeft pasBtoqaHHoe paBiiine nyreirb crbjijvimjixrb 
coo6paaKeHift: 

npH crapom nopfl^Ki^ iipoi^iTajio crpaniHoe motobctbo, oahe 
nepefexu ABopa ctohih rpoMaAHuxi cyjorL, npHABopnHe cboh hs- 
jtepsRH B03Bpaiii;aj[E no^rn bt* ABofiHOirB KOjra^ecTBt. Ho, — ^ysasH- 
BaeTB TdHx, — npoKopiueHie napHsc&oft qepHH gtohj[o Tasse o'leHB 
Aoporo npH peBOjniiilH* noToifb, ciapoe HepaBOHOTBo AocraTO^Gso hs- 
FbcTHo, o^HH nffraiHCB no ii;6juun> wkcBUfiWb ipaBOft, a Apyrie no- 
jnyqaJiH OTb KopojiA MHJuioHHHe noAapKH Ha KapTeacHyB nrpy. Ho n 
npH poBOJOOipe — roBopim HcropEKt — cpe^ ^epHH o;^hh nojiyiaiH 
6ojiBine nopidfi, ^rbiik Apyrie: ccjii^OBaTejiBHo HepaBeHciBO cyiii;e- 

CTBOBaiOt. 

^aiBme ctojib se oorpoyMHo samBmaDToa caMEifl BoniDnrifl sio- 
yuoTpe&renifl j(o6poft crapHiH,— HepaBOHCTBO cocroflmft, oOmecTBeH- 
Haro noiosoHiE, HeAocryaHocTB BucmBX'b aAKHHHcrpaTHBHHX'B h 

BOeHHHXl KtCTB A^ HeiipHBKUerHpOBaHHKX'B, tfiOLB HaCjlAOTBeH- 

HOGTB H, ciiAOBaTejcbvo, npoAaasHocTB AoiSHOcrett. BcaRift BHan CBoe 
kI^gto, ho 6ujio KapBepH3Ma h oopoBHOBaHifl, «SH8HB, orpaHHHeHHaa 
H saRjnD^eHHafl bii HaBicTHOifB Rpyri, 6£iia npiflTHie>, ^pasi^ii 
Becejrto «noj[B30BaracB yxoBOiBCTBiflMH h 8a6aBJifliH js^jtetb 6e8% 
aaflHet mhcihi, — chansons npoitBixajH. A ecra KOMy 6hio rtcHO, 
HanpHirbp'B ecu kto <He Mon> BnoiHi paaaepHyTB oboe Buondfl cno- 
co6hoctb>, — TOTL MOPb Bucejon^cE Hai ^paHiiiE B^ Hh^i), Ajie- 
pEKy, B'B PocciK), npeapaTETBca bi aBaHTupBCTa, ^^iH^ycTBepa hie.. 
B'B yqETOJUi ^exTOBaHia. He 6yAB p6BOjnoii;iH, — lasoBa h Ciura 6h 
cyAB6a Hanojieona e ero HapmaioBi. Mais la Revolution est 
venue... ^). 

Ho T9Bi» He cMyn^aerca, — ohb h no(»t* peBOJronjE Ha»J^eT^. cboS 
EAoaJTB. n3o6pa»eHie HanojieoHa y Tana h6 EAoaiBHO B'B upaecmeeH- 
HOM^ CMHCit, SA'bcB xapaRTepECTEsa Bosanapra— atoucma h koh- 
domtepa—nikJLmowb aaEMOxBOBaHa y r*SE CiaiB — ho BocropseHEO— 
vb yMcmeeMHOMb e tooydapcmeeMnoMb. HanoieoH^B «eAEHCTBeHHHtt 
vb nipt reHift», «cBepxHejiOBiqecKilt yiTB^, npeBOCXojgmdft bg% 
B3BicTHue E jifiMB BipoflTfliie paaH^pu, y nero cHeo&BETHiifi 
vo8rb>, — a KaKik nojiETEKi ohi» cosAan eb'b ^pannJE cchef 
d'oeuvre de Tesprit cla8Sique», Ht^ro bb po;^ Bepcajobcsaro ca^a 
JleHOTpa e;ih coopyseHift Mancapa: twh nepBufl paax bb HOBoft 



1) Mounier. lb. 13. JbotfonHTHO saiitvasie BpsHerbepa, 5iarocBioBBU- 
maro spHTEKa T»Ha, no noBOj^y upesptaiji samero E<m>pEsaB% cKpacHop1^^iB)» ■ 
^jnrrepaTypHOiiy 8<|^<|>eKT7» ecto^ehbobi: BLsarre dMain de la «litt6ratare» 
et de «r61oqaenee» sous la plame d'un toiraln qu'elles ont seales fait toat 
ce qu'il est*. B^vae des deux Mondes, 15 sept 1885, 390. 

*) lie regime tnodeme. I, 258—9, 311—8. 



HCTopiH ofin^ecTBO nocrporao n iiOHOiia»i) padyxa h rb to se BpeHs 
npo^HOi ')• A uu SHaevb — KMccfmeasiii dyxh — ^Hai^0HaiBH0-4>paH- 
icyscKift, — raKOBo, cjdiAOBaTejiBHo h TBopesie Hanoieoia. Qrewb o6'b- 
flOBflDTCfl 6e8iipecTatfHiie BOoroprE TaHa npe^i nojiaaiCTMMJiftKocmbio 
vanojieoHOBCKaro jHa, npeAi ero peaiBHUirB BarjEfl^oirB sa ^eiOBine- 
cKyn npspoAy, Boo6ii^e Qdpejp» Bciirb, tto AiftMorpajniHo npoino- 
nojioacHO BOcnoinsHaHiflirB peBOJiroi^iH, h Tbhi BnojiH'b MOserL no^QB- 
caTLca no;^ SHaifeHHToft BiixoAROft BoHanapTa nporsB'B HAeaiHCTOB'B 

H lC6Ta4|»H8BKOB'B: H ropoft H OrO HCTOpHK'B OAHHaROBO C^IHTaDTb VTb 

fiespasn^Ho €flKo6HHi^aMH>. 

3a HHoro jAtl ?fl pascyasAeHift Tana Kohtb EBAan cbod ZToati- 
mmnyio noAwmuny h BsiOKasaJi'B ^]s^h h^okojibko HHcieft, BUSBaB- 
nmrb He^oyirbHie h jifixe HeroAOBame ero yqeHHKOBi. IIpESHaBafl 
cocHOBHUMik HasHa^eHieifB nosHTHBHSMa — o6o6DxaTB peai&Hoe BHanie 

H CHCreMaTHSHpOBaTb COipaJIBHOe HCKyCCTB0», — KOHTb BCi HCTOpHie- 

CKifl 8Q0XH oictHHJi CI TO^RH sptHifl ccHCT6ifaTH3aitiH ^ejOBiqecRoS 
SH8HH». Bo Htffl BToro npHHi];Hna 6uiio yBinqaHo cpeAHOBiROBoe 
saToiH^ecTBO, vh peBOJWi^H ycHorpiH'B laanh RpHTH^ecRifi oipaiia- 
TeiBHuft HoneBTb H B'b AonffaTH^ecRoft peaRiuH Jl^eMecTpa — noxosHTOiB- 
Hoe SHa^eme *). diH haoh Vh TaEoirb BBjit — ^hhtto heoo RaR^ t»- 
HOBCRoe BOdspbsde, ho ci oahoS oyn^ecTBeHHOft pa8HHi],eft. Kohtb, no- 
j(o6ho TdHy, ho oi^hhjtb noAOoicumeAbHyfo CTopony peBOJUDAioHHaro 
saxoHOAaTeiBCTBa, ho aaTO ompuucmeAtnyio npHsnajTB aRTOMi nocTy- 
naTOjiBHaro ABHsenifl no3HTHBHofi jhucih. cBosb leopin nporpeccca, 
Teopifl nopflARa HeAOcraTO^Ha*, coiqojioria mosotb BosHHRHyrB jramB 
h8'b hxi* BHyrpeHHeft ROMCHHaipH. TaROBo yfitoAOHie KoHia, — h 
zn^h ecTB MicTO AJifl Toopitt E yBje^emfl XYIII-ro BiRa, xote h 
He vh HX'B sacTOflHteicB nojraoMB bea^^. 

Tbhi nomejTB ropas^o AajEBme,-— cqETan peB0JlI)^iK) qEcro-OTpEi^a- 
TejiBHUMx flBienieiTB, ohb b^ hoitb ho HanxejTB he oAEHaro 8j[e- 
HOHTa o6n^aro nporpecca, oahh nniB fqaGTHHfl» €Ao6pufl ciHesa* vh 

HtROTOpHXl SaROnaX-B. OffB — ^HCTOpERTi — npOrM^'^'B BeJDlBRyiD ECTOpB- 

qecRyx) cfljiy HOBaro e 6yAyn^uro BpoHesE — deMOKpamiiOy h epehhji'b nep- 
Bue isarH ea sa HapymeHie o6n][ecTBeHHoft TEniflHU h nopfl^Ra, a ^aiB* 
Htftmie crpeMEica napaiESOBaTB EAeaiom* caMaro yABBEreiBHaro 
cooraBa — e3% neiEiieTpoBB JboAOBSRa XIY wb RocmHi aEmficRsx'B 
jropAOBT*. He o6sapy3RHBi> ^ase €iipopoqecRoft» npoEEi^aTejiBEOCTH 
KoHTa, T8Hi> He aocthtb cspaBeAJiHBocTH caMuxi apuxi peaRi^ose- 
pOBi vb poAi Toro se ^eHecrpa. rpaj^i laRSRe ao nocitA^flro qaca 
noHOOHA'B HapoAB, Ha ero HsuRi cKaHaiBORpaTii)», ho Bnoxni co- 
BHaBajTB en coBpeMeHHiur h rpaAyn^ saBoeBaHiH. Je finis avec 
TEurope, — roBopHTB yioipaDniift apECTORparB. T^wb AynajrB HHaqe, 



*) lb. I, 6, 41, 42, 44, 49, 61, 179. 

») Systhne de politique positive. Paris 1861-2. I, 3; H, 117—8; I, 62-7. 



64 PyCCEOE BOrATCTBO. 

TO^Hte OWb COBOiM'B HB J^JKaJTb, MH XOTHITB OEaSailv — He UaCA^bdOdOAh 

H He KpumuKoeoAZy a dyATO Bi rHnHOTE^eoKOifB est men si ao- 
craBJieHHoft ii;iiH h bi HayqsoirB oTHomeHin oroh^hj'b obok) j^tereiB- 
EOOTB xas'b »e, RaRi h Haqaii> ee, saRx cam oxapaRTepnaoBajTB 
ee Vb MOJiOAocTi, — r. e. ^eiOBiROVB, Bcei^o norjon^eHflHirB (absorb^) 

E8B%CTH0K> GHCTeMOfi H RaR1» H80dpa3HJl> 66 BT» OBOeiTb UOejAjIfieWb 

Tpy^t! 

cCacreiia Hairb HpaBHToa He noxoMj, ^o m npHSHaeirb ee stpHoft, 
a MH npHSHaeirb ee Bbpnofi, noTomy hto ona Hair& HpaBHToa, e y ({mi- 
aaTBSMa nojisTHqecRaro hjih pejrHiiosHaro, RaROBi 6ii sh dujn> 6oro- 
cjioBCEift HJIH ^Hioco^cRift ero pesynTaTB, Bcer^a naBHafl pyROBo^fl- 
n^afl cHJia — HacTOHTeiBHafi noipednocTB, TaftHaa crpaoTb, oEonjieHie 
nydoRHX'B H MorymecTBeHHHTB aejiamt, ROTopiorB Teopifl tojtbro 

OTRpUBaeTB BHXOA^y/) 

Mb. MsaHOBB. 



LaR^, II, 24-25. 

h 



Bt OaCHflAHIH nOKJlA. 



Ri CTaHi];iH FpflSH, tx& CKpen^HBaioTCH jiHHiH HtcsojibKaxi> 
^oporb a taI MHoruiTb haccaacHpairb hphkoahtca sijifi/ih CBoero 
no^3Aa 6ojiie hjih uewke aojlto, noAxo^BJi'b KypBepCKift no'i^sA'b. 
Ha o6inflpBot njioniaAKA BOKsaaa, o5ukhob6hho HaaojiHABon^efiCfl 
Kii npHxoAy notsAa cyeioft h ABHsemeMii, ceroAHS 6ujio nycTO. 
H'beROJibKO naccasHpoBi>, ABa-Tpa HOCHjibntHKa, aa scejiisHOAO- 
posHEift qHHOBHaKi> Bh MyHAHpi caoKofiflo H ($631 Majntimeft 
ToponjiHBOCTH BCTp'^qaJH noiaA'B npniioro cootfo^eHiii, Bunycna- 
ion^ifi H opHHHuaK)ii^ift rjaBHyio Maccy cbohxi> naccaacHpoBi) 
TOJibKo vh KOHeHHUxi nyHKiaxi jiaHis. Bi CTopoat orb dTOft 
MajieHbKofi rpyaDu, y BXOAa bi> sajiy nepBaro Ksacca ctohjii 
BucOTcifi, xyAontaBuft ciapHirb, B'b £opoTKOin> ropoACKOirb najsBTO 
H Bi Rpyraofl 6apaniKOBoft luanici h CMOTpijrb na nps^jiHsaH)- 
vniECB joLOEOMOTHBTb BOf ypaBHOAymHUioi, nojiycKyHaioiitHMK rjiasaHH 
Ofli HHKoro He sAaJii ci diBirb noi^8AOMi> h can^ 'Ixaorb B'b 
Apyryio CTopony. Komia n(y&8Ai> ocTaHOBHjucfl, crapHicb MamH 
HajibHo CKOjibSHyjii no saroHairb rjiasaME, tipocHJUi a^bho no- 
TyxmyiD, ne AOKypennyH) nannpocy h, sajiosHBi pyRE bi> Rap- 
Kasbi naibTO, h8i> ROTopux'b xop^ajiv naiRH HBMflTux'b raserb, 
€o6pajKCA yxoAHTb. Bi 9to BpeMfl n3i> BaroHa nepBaro Rjiacca 
BumjiH ABa rocnoABHa, noxoasie ci BHAy Ha BHOCTpani^eBi. Ci 
B036y»AeHHuuB, A&se HicROJiBBO BeTpeBosenHUMH jLnufiLum ohh 
osHBjieHHo paBrosapBBajiH, upoAOJisaH naqaTuft panboie pasro- 
Bopb. Bcei^ljio norjion^eHHue npeAueToirb CBoefi ^eciAU^ ohe 
HHRoro H Hsqero ne saMi^ajEu n, RoneqHo, ne o5paTHJis bhb- 
ifaniii, qxo *B&icoRift cxapHirb CMOipijii na hbxi, ho cnyCRan 
rjiadi. CtapHRy ohh TaRse noRasajiHCb nnocTpaHi^aMH, ho, ycju- 
maBi Hxi pyccRyK) p'&qb, OHb y6iAHjicii bi CBOeft oniH6Rt, Ha3- 

Bajlli HX'b cnOAA'^Jl^BHUUH HH0CTpaHI](aMH Hffb M0CRBBI> H 00(6 

BHHHaTejibH:&e ciajH) hxi padcMaTpHBaxb. 

06a npitxaBmie rocnoAHHa HanpaBBjiHCb bi> saji'b nepBaro 
Rjracca, npHMO HaBcrp&qy ciapHRy. Ohh 6ujih npH5jiH3HTejiibH0 
OAHnaROBaro pocTa h oABHaROBaro itjiocjioaceHifl, — pocia bu- 
me cpeAHAro, TJUocjioseHiii ly^Haro; ohh 5k[jih laicse oahexi 
jiiTi> — OROJio copORa. IIpHdJiHSHTejibHO OAHHaROBO 6hjih ohh 

>ft 4. OTKhn I. 5 



66 PyOCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

n oA'iTBi — o6a bi> Aopornxi najtBTO cb 6o6poBUMH BopoT- 
HHKaMH, TOJiBKo ojiflsnh 6ujrb Bi 6o6poBoft manKi, a Apy- 

rOfi Bb BBICOKOMl i;HJIHHAp:fi. JiHUa HX'B 6eIJIH TaKase OAHHaEOBO 

posoBUfl, nojiHUH^ Tn^aiejiBHO bbi6phtk[h. Boofin^e bo Bcem hxi> 
cocTaB'6, m> noxoAKi, B^ secinKyjifliuH 6ujio mhofo cxoACTBa, 
6iiiJio qio-TO poACTBeHHoe. Ha6jiH)AaBinift sa hhkh crapHRi^ KorAa 
OHH npoxoAHJiH MHMO Hero, pimEijii, hto ohh 6jiH3Hei](u n, bo 
BCflEOirb cjiyqa']^, 6paTLH^ ecjin ne no KpoBE, to no Ayxy. 

CTapHEi) npHHaAJneacajH) ki ^crcjiy naccaacHpoBi>, ROTopuirB 
Hy»HO 6ujro ixaiB no BTopocieneHHOft jOLHEin n npnxoAHJiocB 
AOJLTO KAaTB no'fisAa; owb cByqajn h ne snajrb, n'hwb sa- 
HflTB BpeMA. BofiAE B^ sajiy BCjri&A'B 8a 6paTBEHH, OWb C^JIl BOBJr]^ 
Toro He cTOJia, vji^b pacnojiosHancB hohh, h, BUHyBi> hsI) sap- 
iiana raseTy, CA'^^jiaji'BBHA'b, hto naM'ipeH'b HHTaTB. Bi a'^Actbh- 
T6JIBH0CTH TRQ euy xoT^JiocB nocjiymaiB, ^ewb TaKi> oacHBjueHHo 
6edkxjKiT'b 9TH ABa rocnoAnna h ho yAacTCE-JiH eny npHHATB 
yqacTie bij hxi> pasroBop:^. Ho GpaiBii na MnnyTy npeEpainjiH 
tfeciAy; K% HEUi noAomejn JiaKeft, no upHrjiameHiK) EOToparo 
OHH HanpaB^jiHCB ei> 6y<]^eTy h Tairb o^enB o6cTOflTej[BHo h aojifo 
pascMaTpHBajiH 6jiK)Aa, pascTaBaeHHiiH na cwiKb fiyij^eia, xaEase 
o6cTOATejiBHO H AOJiro coB^n^ajiHCB cb 6y$eTqHE0M'b, ci noBa- 
poui, ci> jiaseeu'b, saxi^uii, ne cn^j^ma, BunnjiH boaeh, saEycHjm 

H BOSBpaTHJIHCB Ha CBOO H^CTO. 

KypBopcEift noi^sA'b ymeju. bii 9to BpeH^; aCpaTBH, Kb yAO-^ 
bojibctbIio ciapHEa, ociajiHCB vh BOEsaji^. Ohh pacnojiosHjHCB 
Bi) EOHit'i CTOJia, a CTapnEi ciia'6^'i> lepesi Asa-rpH npH6opa 
orb HHxi> H npoAOJia:aji'b cboh HadjnoAeBiH. Ohi saHi^THjrb^ ^to 
y rocnoAHHa bi» 6o6poBoft nianEi 6ujLh TOJiCTan, Epacnaa mea, 
a y rocnoAHHa bi i^BjiBHApi^ 6ujih in^aTejuBHO noAcrpHseHBi h 
sadoTjiHBo npHrjiasceHu ycu, cBepx-B Toro 6Eija ociaBJieHa noAi» 
HHsnefi ry6ofi Epome^HaH puseBaTaH acnaHBOJoca. CTapajTb bu- 
BejTb H3i dToro saEjiioqeHie, ^to rocnoAHHi> wb i^HjiHHApi otjih- 
qaeiCH Gojibmen merojieBaTOCTBH) h BOo6n^e jno^Hrb saHUHaTBCH 
co6oft 6oaibnie, nfiirb ero co6ec4AHHET>. CTapHEi> en^e 6ojrile 
yEpiuHjica B% CBoeiii) MH^HiH, EOFAa BaMiTHJTb y rocnoAHHa Vb 
i^HjiHHApi MajiGHLsifl 6aiKH, aEypaiHO hoa^phtlih, cnyCEaBonHCH 

Bl> BHA^ ySeHBEHXl) flSBiqEOBl AO OAHOft TpOTH H^eEH. 

MeacAy T^^Ei, 6paTBJi B08o6HOBHjrH npepBaHHyio 6eciAy« Co6- 
CTBeHHO roBopHjn noqTH Bce Bpeiin rocnoAHHi> b% i^HjiHHApi: 
ero TOBapnu^i) tojlbeo coqyBCTBenHO noAA^EHBajTB hjih BEipasajTB 
CBoe yqacrie cooTBiicTBeHHOft nrpoft jiHi^a, npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO 
ry6aHH h 6poBfliiH, a lasse hocomi», nocpeACTBOirb BBiAyeamH 
Hsi Hero GojibmHHH EOjmqecTBauH BOSAyxa. GTpaHHUft SBysB, 
npoHcxoAHBmifi npH dToirb, pasApaKajn ciapnEa. 

roCnOAHHl Bl I^HJEHHApi^ rOBOpHJTb EaEEXl-TO HOBUXlt^ 

jcoM6HHai](i«x'b »ejr&3HOAoposHHX'b jiHHift, o6t» aEi^Ux'b, o6sk- 



i 



B'B OSHAAHm' no«3ffA. 67 

raioHX'E, iipoii6HTaxi>; owh Tpe6oBajrB, ^To6u rocnoAnHi> vb 60- 
6poBoft manKi^ o6paTHjn> BHAMaHie na BOSMyTHTejiBHoe o6cTOfl- 
TasBCTBo, BCJi^ACTBie KOToparo ohi>, rocnoAHH'B vb n;HjiHHXpi, 
noiepHJTb HeiBepiB npoi^eHTa Ha KasHxi-io aK^iHX'bEaKo&-TOse- 
jri^3H0t soporn. B'B ^eirb saKjiioqajiocB BOSMyTfliejiBHoe o6cTOJi- 
lejiBCTBO, OH'B pascKaaaxB monoTOMi, 6jih3ko HarHyBmHCB kb 
CBoeMj cotfec^AHHEy. Ho HeroAOsaHie ohb BLipasajii> rpoHEO, 

ClcfijlO H Cl XaEOt npOHHEHOBeHHOft HCEpeHHOCTBK) TOHa, ^TO 

sasA^fi cjiymaTejiB AoaseHi 6ujrb bubccth sasjiioqeHie, hto 
Ai^ftCTBHTejiBHO cjiyHnjiocB H^HTO laEoe, qero hh qoab EaEHMB 
BHAOHi He AOJSHO 6bijio cjiy^aTBCH H orB nero 6e3BHHHO no- 

CipaAajTB 6$AHB[fi rOCHOAHH«B BB I^KJIHHAP^ nOTepABmifi HCTBepTB 

npoi^enxa. 

npeAMerB pasroBopa ho saeHTepecoBajiB ciapnEa, ho cipaH- 
Hoe qyBCTBo noA^iiJiocB KB HeMB BApyrB. 9tq 6bijio qyBcxBO 3a- 
BHCTH, ^yBCTBO saEoft-To HeBBiCEa3aHHoft o6hab[, xaHBineftcH 
rj[y6oRO kb Ayni'6. npOHHEHOBeHHut tohb, saEHHi rocnoAHKB bb 
i^HjiHHApi ycqHTUBaji'B C60H HeiBepiB npoi^eHTa, H ropaHee yia- 
CTJe, CB EaEHM«B BBBHajDL'B eMy ero co6ee6AHHEB, pasApaasajoi 
CTapHsa. Bb to BpeMfl sasB rocnoAHHi b% i^bjibhap^ pasjiH- 
BajQica HUjiEofi pi^BK), conpoBOSAaeHOH scbbbimh secxaiiH, nrpoft 
jiBi^a, pi^sEHMH nepexoAauH HHTOHaiuH^ bb to Bpenfl saKB ro- 

CHOAHHB BB 6o6pOBOft maHE^ BC^filCB CBOHtfB CyH^eCTBOMB BUpa* 

acaji-B co^yBCTBie h, sasB vb sepEajrfe, oxpasajiB bc% BnyTpen- 
Bifl H BH:£niHiA ABHsema CBoero TOBapaii^a, ciapHEB sa CBoeft 
HSMflToft raseToft MamHHajiBH.0 BOAHjn> rjiasaHH no ne^aTHUiffB 
CTpoqEaiiB n HeBOJiBHO oTAaBajicfl OBjiaA'^BaBmeny hmb HacTpoeHiH). 
— ^oTBepiB npon^OHTa, axB, qoTsepTB ^po^eHTal— MucjteHHO 

BOCSJIHI^ajI'B CTapHSl. — TOJEBEO HCTBepiB npOI^eHTa H CEOJEBEO 

BOJiHeniH, CEojiBEo CBo6oAHaro ^yBCXBa, saBofi OTEposeHHuft npo- 
TecTB, EaEaii CTpacTHaa 3aii^HTa CBoeft qexBepTH npoi^eHTa h 
CEOJiBRO yqacTifl, csojibeo qyiEaro, oxsusqEBaro coHyBCieia eb 
CBoet o6HA:6t 0, aa 9to hosho 6bijio 6u oxAaxB b notfojiBme 
HOTBepTH npoi^eHTa. 3a B03HoasHOCTB nosajKOBaxBCH, 3acT0HaTB 
orB 60JIH, pa3padHTBCfl npoEjuiTieHB. Ohi* TaEB n CA^^JiaexB, aTorB 

rOCHOABH'B CB MajieHBEHUH 6a^KaHH, CB pOSOBUlTB h:62shlimb jlh- 

i^OMB. On% BCEOHHTB Ha CTyji'B, Ha CTOJiB, Ha Epumy n orryAa 
CyAexB EpHqaxB CBoefi qoTBepTH Hpoi^eHxa, OH'B HanninerB 061^ 

Hefi CTaiBK) BB cMoCEOBCEHXB Bi&AOHOCTflX'Bi, OHB npOHHEHOTB 

BO Bci AenapxaHeHTBi, saCepeTca bb npieHHun mhhhctpobi h 
BCH)Ay, Bcd^MB GyAOTB sajiOBaxBCH, EpHHaTB, bohhtb CB cosna- 
HieMi) CBoero npaBa. 

CTapHEB onycTHjn ra3eTy b hojibeomb bbtjhikjjl% na dpaxBOBB 
jinxopaAO^HO 3jio6hbiich rjia3aHH. Rm> noAajiH o&kjsih. RorAa ohh 
HaqajiH icTB, pa3ApaseHie cxapHEa ycajiBjiocB ao xaEot cxeneHH, 

MTO OHB HO^BCTBOBaJI'B EB HHITB HOHaBHCTB B BB TO SO BpOlCa 

5* 



66 PyCGKOS BOrATCTBO. 

He Morb oTopBETbCH t>Ti» sHxi. FocnoxHH'b vb 6o6poBoft inanKi 
($pajrb vb poTb 6ojQ[Biiiie kjckh MAca; ohi HeotfuKHOBeHHO 6ucTpo 
E saxHo XBaTajTb hx% cb bhjikh Co^BmHiiH^ nojiHBiHH r76aMH h 
noTOirb Ha MrHOBenie hjiotho saKpuBajTb porb; sartiTB ohi» 
AOiro H TntaTejuBHO passesuBajii Kaa^ift kjcokb. HanpoTHBib, 
rocnoAHHi vb nnjonEjifii ijib iia.aeHB£HMH Kyco^KaMH h octo- 

POSHO, MCAJieHHO CHHlCajn EXb Cb BHJIBH, HO SBBajTb OffB He 

AOjiro. TaKHMi o6pa80]rb 6paTbH ne oxcTaBaju Apyrb orb Apyra 
H KOH^ajiH BaasAoe tfjnoAo ho^th OAHOBpeiceHHo. Oeh npeAasa- 
joLCb ifl!^ Cb nojmot cepbesHOCXBH). Bhaho 6bijio, hto bi aroM'b 
K^jA y bk^'^ b<^^ ^u^o xopomo o^AyicaHo. IIoAaHHoe hmi» bhho ohh 
noABeprajiH BHHiiaTejibHOMy H3cjr&AOBaHiio:pa3CicaTpHBajiH ero m> 6y- 
TUJLK'b Ha CBiii), HOTOiTb Bi» cTaKanax'b, npn aioirb o6ir6HHJQ[HCb Ka- 

RHMH-TOOHeHBCepbeSHUMHBaiciqaHiHMH H TOrAaTOJIbBO CrajIH BHHO 

npo(k)BaTb, H OHflTB oTCTaBjHJiH pyKy CI CTaBanoiTb Ha CB^rb^ h 
OHHTb BOSBpaqajiHCb Kb tiyTUJLBi. EasAaH nejio^b wb Hxib noBe- 
AeniH noAiril^ajiacB cTapHKOMi h A^ftciBOBajia na nero pasApa- 
acHTOJibHo. Ero Ha6jiH)AaTejQ[bHaH cnoco6HOCTb AOCxHTjia EaKoft-io 
6ojii8HeHHoft BHe^aTjiHTejibHOCTH. Ho HTO oco6eHHO pasApasam 
ero, TaKb &to ^MOKaHie CpaxbeBi, hxi cjiaAOcrpacxHUH abhso- 
hIh ry6aMH h BasHan cocpeAOTO^eHHOcxb b^b jihi^. 
— RorAa se KOHqHTCH diOTb oS^a'&I 

GxapHirb piSBHHH nOpUBHCTUME ABHSeniHHH CJSOSHJTb CBOK) 

raseiy h noBepnyjTb CBOft cryjrb CHHHKoft Kb coc^AHirb. Ilpomjio 

AOBOJEBHO MHOrO BpeMOHH, HO 6paTBH BCO 6^6 Ofi^AaJIH. ^eibipo 

nepoM'bHu 6jih)a% 6huaL yace 6jiaronojiy<iHO ciiA^Hbi, a ycjiysjm- 
Bbie JiaEeH cnimHJiH cb HHTUicb 6jiioAOirb. 

B'b 6oj[binoft 3aji'& BOKsajia ciajio coBciirb thxo. BiroTHH 
npHCJiyrH, sbohi nocyAu, myirb BUABaraeMuxi h saABHraeMux'b 
CTyjibeBi» npeKpaxHjiacb; HOMHOrie naccasapu pastfpejiHCb no 
pasHbnrb yrjiaMii h KopoxajnH cEyKy B'b xoMi anaxnqHOH'b h ao- 
BOJibHO rjiynoMi cocxohhIh, KaKoe HanaAaerb na JsoAet 06&1BH0- 
BeHHO BO BpeMfl AOJuraro osHAaalH notsAa. OfijiOKOXHBinHCB Ha 
cxojTb H BBinyBi H3i» BapsiaHa ApyryH) raaexy, cxapHK:b ooiixb 
CMOxpia^ Bi» nee^ ne uxaH, a jiersift myirb, npoHSBOAHMufi 
6paxbHMH, KasajECH eny p:68KHK'b, rpoMKHMib h narjEBiirb. Ohi 
OAHaKO HaA^HjiCH, qxo ci> nnxHM'b Cjiioaom^ 6yA6xi KOHei^ o6£Ay* 
Ho KorAa owb ycjEBimajTb, qxo jiaKet onnxb necexb xapejiBH, a 
Apyroft JiaKeft cniniHTb c/b mecxbiirb KyoiaHbeirby OHb ne Morb 
BbinecxH 9xoro. Ohi* Cb myHOirb oxoABEHyai CBOt cxyjoLi h, cxBa- 
xHBii CBOH rasexbi, 6ucxpo ymejL'b vb npoxHBOHOJiosHufl Boneit^ 
sajiu. 

CaMo C060H) pa3yM:fiexcH, ^ixo Bci^ npoxecxyion^iii qyBcxsa, 
MbicjiH H secxbi cxapHRa ne npoHSBejuH pimnxejibHO HHKaKoro 
BneiaxjitHiH Ha od^Aaion^HX'b h nponuLH coBepmeHHO nesaMi- 

HeHHblMH. 



OrapHlTB TOJIBEO HTO C06HpajICJI CiCTB Hft WUBBXPbj CTO^mift 

Bb AAJiBHeMi yrj[y nepeAi> KpyrjiuiTB ctojiomi, icaK'b saiciTHjrb, 
qto Ki> dTOMy se XHsaHy noAxoAHTb MOJiOAafl A^ByniKa h cxy- 

AOHTb MCAHEl Vh CBOeft BOOHHOft ^Opui^. CiapHBl XOT^JH 

yflTV, qTo6u ycTyoHTB hmi m^cto na A^^Ba^-i^, ho A'^^Bynuca ocxa- 
HOBHU ero. 

— Saq^Hi Bu yxoAHTO? Passi mbi Baci> crtcHHirb? — cnpo^ 
CHjia OHa. 

— win, H tioHjicji^ UTO noiiiinaiD Bairs. 

Ohi c&h Ha ABBaHi H MOJioAue jih>ah (Axe cb hhvb pa- 
AOVb. CTapBRy 6uso npi^THo, qio ohh He nporHajH erO; no- 
Tomy HTO H A^ByniKa, s cryAenrb o'leHB eiiy HpasHjiHCB. Ohi^ 

HOSHaKOMHJICH CL HHHH 6^6 Bl BaTOH'i, TK& HlUb HpHHIJIOCB 

"ixaTB Buicrk novn tfioe cyTOKB. SHaicoHCTBo hxi 6tuo HajOHB- 
Koe^ HO He coBciirB noxosee na oCu^eub BaroHHUH SHaBOiieTBa, 

XOTH H Ha^iaJIOCB OHO CaMUITB OfiLIKHOBeHHUlTB OtipaSOlTB, CTO- 

peoTHHBUMH BOHpocaMH, o6iir&HoirB raaeTB^ cjEy^aflHUHH ycjy- 
raMH. CrapHKB ysnajTb, ^to mojioabio jiioAn B08Bpan:iaioTCfl cb 
seMCEOft cjiyxcfiBi, ^^o cTyAeHTB cjysHjrb vb ropoA^, a A^Bymsa 
pa6oTajra bb AepeBH'b. IIo noBOAy axoro to nocjiiAHHro o6ctoh- 
TejBCTBa y hhxi roTj» vh Baroni saBHsajicH aobojibho CTpanHBift 
pasroBopi AepeBHb. EaKi> tojibeo A^ByoiKa cxasajna, mo ona 
acHja Bi> AepeBHi^, ciapHKB BsoiiHyji'B na nee HcnyraHHiiMR, 

yAHBJLeHHUHH rjasailH H HdftCEOJBEO MTHOBemft He CBOAHJl'B CB 

Hen CBoero CTpanHaro BdrjuiAa. 

— Bi AepeBHift? — BocEjiHRHyjiB OHB. — Bbi xmssl BB AGpesff^? 

Owh npOAJtOSBJI'B aiOTB BOnpOCB TaKHHB HeoduSHOBCHHBIirB 

TOHOMB, CB TasHiTB yAHBHiejiBHUHB BupasemeiT^, BaEB 6yAT0 
capamHBajiB A'^Bymsy, ne sajia an ona na jiyfffi. 

JI^'&ByniKa HH<iero He OTB^TSjia, ho CMOTp&ia na cxapHsa 

CB HCKpeHHBlTB HeyAOBTbHieSTB^ UOqOHy TaEHXB npOCTLIXB Be- 
HiaXl HySRHO rOBOpHTB TaKHMl CTpaHHUMl TOHOMB. 

— U08B0JIBT6 BaiTB CEasaTB, — upoAOJisajii CTapnKB— qxo KB 
xaEOMi cjLyqa'ft bu Heo6uEHOBeHHU& qejiOBi^EB! Bu npocxo cBepxir- 
ecxecTBeHHui qejioBiftEi* nocjLi dxorol Moi*b jm h npeAHOJiaraxB, 
HTO BHsy nepoAi co6oft xpa6py»), repoHqecsyK), mosho CKasaxB, 
caMooxBepaseHHyK) o<^o6y, pBCKHyBmyio sbxb bb A^peBHi! 

HejiBSH 611J10 noHAXB, roBopBXB jiH OH^ cepBesHO HjiH my- 
THxi H saqd^M'B eny axo 6lijio nyacHo. A'ibBymKa nyxB-qyTB no- 
KpacH:6j9a^ CHvn^eHHaH xaEHMi> Heo«HAaHHUMi> oxBixoMi> na be 
BocnpocHxejiBHBEt Bdrji^AB, HO Toxnacb sRe OBjiaA^Jia cbobhi 
CHyn^eHieHB h, yjiii6aj]CB, nepe6Hjia yin cxapsKa. 

— Bbi roBopHxe xaEi>, Kasi 6yAxo a isABjia eb jik)ao§A&mb... 

— Xy»e-CBl— 6ucxpo oxBixBjiT) cxapHEi. — Bb xucaqy paai 
xysse. K^ jnoAotAaH'B, xrrb bu h sHaexe, hxo ei jisoAoiAftMi; 
BBI H roxoBHxecB coo6pa8HO CB jxiOAO'bACEHMH HpaBaMH, tfepexe 



70 PyCGSOE BOrATCTBO. 

opyade, CTpasy, hpoboahheorb, passoiiBftTHue cwtnu h 6ycu, 
a TjAA BBi Hxere ci rojuiMH pyKaiui... 

— A Bu SUE BOFAa HH^yxb Bi A^peBB'^? — cnpocHjta fjb- 
BymKa. 

— CoxpafiH HOHfl Eorb! — Cb npeyBeiaqeHEBin ysacon 
BOCKJiHKHyjrb crapHKi. — Jlyqme sasTh vb a^y, ^£mi» vb pyccKoft 
xep6BH'&. Tyxa mosho ccwiaTB jioAefl sa KaKifl HH(SyAB npecryn- 

JieHLff, HO A06pOBOJ[BHO SHTB TaiTb, ySCl 8T0 HBBHHHTe... 

^isyniKa sasojiHOBajiacb: < Kan mosho roBopHTb o xom, <iero ho 

BHaeiHB... n dTO rSKh TpyAHO BHaiB, HOTOMy <ITO B^AB HOJ^lHTb A6- 

peBHHyCOBcftM^BbHeftTHXo, HEHoro HeycjuiiHiiniBHHeyBHaeinBHSxa- 
jiH. BoTB ecjiH 611I MHorie xopomo noBHaicoiuijiBCB c% A^peBOHCKoft 
SH8HBK)... EcjiH 6u,HanpHirfip'b, Tucfl<ia rjih wA tuchu HejioBisi 
nosHu no6jB[Hse k% AepeBHi,anoTO]rb 6u Cbi^xajucB h paacBa- 
saJiH Bce APyrB Apyry h Bdkwb npo AepoBHio, npo AepeBencKyH) 
acHSHB, KaKi OHa ecTB. BoTB TOFAa 6bi bu ysHajiH Bce. A to 
^To se roBopHTB, HO BHanl PasB:^ ho«ho roBoparB TavB MHjudo- 
Haxii, AecHTKaxi hhjudohobii. H ho tojibko mujiioHaxii, a 
BU BO8BMHT6 OAHy AepeBHK), BarjiflHHTe-Ea hb KasAut Aon, wb 
BasAyK) MaxeHBByK) H36yniKy9 Bon bbi TorAa yBHAHxe, xorAa 
ysHaexe. Mosotb 6£itb h xairB y lutEAftro nejuoBiEa ecxB CBoe 
rope, CBoe jis<iHoe rope, cboh otfsAa... Ci dXHiiB hhkto HHKorAa 
EL6 cidxaexcH y AepeBOHCRHrB jiioAeft... Bbi ixo se Aynaexe 0664, 
qxo OHH Bcb CAiaaHfi no oahoS ir&pBi, <ito hxb ji^hhtb, Kan 

KHpnaUKH, HO OAHOft (j^Opnt, H8B OAHOft rjlEHBI... KOHe^HO, Ha 

HHxi MOSHO Bcero HaroBopHXB. Eusfi 6u, 3X0 jierKo! 3xo jsjaate 

OqeHB npOCXO, ho BXO... BOBMyXHXejIBHO^. 

CxapHBB 'cxajTB BOCXH ce6fl caMUMB HOOSHAaHHBiMb o6pa- 
80MI. Bo BpeMfl pftu A'^ByniBH jiHi^o ero coBepmeHHO npeo6- 
pasHJiocB; Bi> HeMB aBHiocB HOBoe Bupaseuie, csixjioe, pa- 
AOCXHoe, osHBjieHHoe. Torino ohb HOJiy^HJTB neosKAaHHO npiax- 
Hoe Hssicxie, xaKB daropftucB ero rjiasa, MHrjcie h BjiasHue, 
sa MHHyxy nepeAb dxmi'B CMOxpiBoiie nacMinijiHBO h cyxo. Cxa- 
pHBi Bcxan, nepec^jTB Kb OKny, no6iHse ki cxyAonxy, h hojio- 
xas'b CBOK) 6jAf,EjiOj xyAyK) pyKy na ero KOjriHO. 

— HsBHHHXe MeHH, MOJBEOAOft ^eJIOBisi, H BLI, AHHa IlaBJIOBHa 

moha npocxHxe — CKasajrb cxapHKB.— fl, bhahtb ih, homhosso ly- 
Aan... HeMHOsKO, a Mosexb 6£ixb A&sse oqeHB-MHoro, lopoAH- 
Buft. 3x0 oxii cxapocxH, a mosotb 6bixb h on ApyrHX'b nps- 
UHi)... Ho bbi MOHfl npocxHxe. H tobophji'b BavB He to, ^xo h 
AynajTB. JI[a. BHAnxe jih, ji BairB 06'bflCHH), vh %ewb xiM h jsaKB 
9X0 BBiinJO, xoxfl rjiaBHan npHqHHa, kohoiho, axo Moe lopoACXBo. 
^epeBHH H A^ftcxBaxejEBHo H6 SHaK) H corjiaceHi cb saMH, Anna 
IlaBJIOBHa, qxo roBopnxB xomb, ^ero ne snaemB, ne cji'&Aye^. 
Ho, BQAHxe JiH, Bqepa hh^ cjiyqHjiocB 6eciA0BaxB cb oahhitb mo- 

ZOffiiWb ^eJIOB^KOMB, SaHBHEQIHiniy VSO OH'B OXJIH^HO BHaOXB A^* 



Vb OSHMHIH no^M- 71 

pofiHH) H sHaen, ^ero efi HyscHO. Owb HexaBHO KonqHJi'b* ynu- 
BepcHTOTB, ueAaBHO nojiyqEji-b MicTO, toji&ro qio couhji^ ce6i 
H0B6HbKyH) loanKy cb KOKapAoft n ixs^i> m> A6peBHK>. Bovb orb 
aero n h ysnajTb bc6 dxo. Ohi iih'6 roBopnji'b Bce to, qio bbi 
AaBeqa cjiumajiH oTb mchh. A Baici ero me cJioBaMH ho^th 6yK- 
BajiBHo noBTOpHJU'b. Bbi npocTHTe MeHH, CTapHKa. A? Bu ne cep- 
AHTecB, AHHa IlaBjioBHa? 

Owb npoTHHyji'b pyEy CTjAeHTy, a noToirb A^ByniEi h CHOTp-J^jrii 
Ha HHxi laKflME APysejiK>6HUMH rjnasaMH, qio ohe oxotho no- 

MHpHJLHCL Cb CTapUMli qjAaKOITb H HOCJli dTOFO tfec^AOBajiH 

Aoporofiy EaKi> Ao6p£ie sHaKOHue. 

TenepB ohe omm> bctp'^thjihcb bb 6ojiBnioft h nycruHHoft 
^sajii BOKsajia. CiapHKB oikpobohho oSpaAOBajuca ubtb. 



11. 

— Bu o6'6niajiH pascKasaTB mh^ hto to hsb Bameft a^P^- 
BeHCKoS SH3HH,— CKasajTB CTapHEB A'^BymK^, KorAa ohh BTpoeifB 

yC^JlHCB Ha OAHOMB JSfLBdLlli. 

JQJ^HBaH'B 6£ijrB HajieHBKift h cha'^tb Ha hoicb 6bijio aobojibho 

TiCHO, ho Bl dTOft TiCHOTi 6£IJia HHTHMHafl yH)THOCTB, EOTOpyH), 

6e8B ejiOBB, no^yBCTBOBajii KasAuft a hobojibho yjiu6HyjiCH. 

— Hy, xopomo... — cRaaajia A^ByniKa— h pascsamy BaMB 
OAHy MaaeHBsyH) ucTopiio. Bu snaeTe, ^to b SHjia bb oqeHB 
6iAH0ft H rjyxoft AopeBymEi. Bi* moomb yqacTsi^ 6ujio HicsojiBRO 
AopeBOHB, H xoth Apyrifl (bejih no6oJiBnie h notforane Moeft JGKa- 

<$0BSn, HO MHt npHHUIOCB nOCOJIHTBCfl BB HOft, HOTOlCy ^TO TaHB 

tfujTB 3a6ponieHHLift rocnoACKift aomb, bb KOTopoin> 6ujia ycTpoena 
apeMeHHan 6ojiBHHqsay t. e. co6cTBeHHO 6apaEB, ho mli ero na- 
SHBajiH 6ojiBHHita, noTOiiy hto cjiobo 6apaRB na ii,:6cthomb na- 
p^qiH snauTB OBparb, h BesTH (ojolbhofo bb tfapasB sHaqHjio 
Be3TH ero hb OBparB. Hy, a dTo ne xopomo, ne HpaBHjiocB jih)- 
AHMB... npiixajia H BB ^a6oBKy rb nojiOBsni Ieohh h bb nap- 
sue AHH MHi 6ujio yxacHO CRyqHO. Bce qysiH jini^a EpyroMi, 
a y KfecTbEKb Aasce HeApya^ejiH)6HUH, HenpHB^TJLHBUA. Bojib- 
Huxi He 6ujio, HHETO sa noMOn^BH) EO uai ne o6paH^ajiCH, ch- 
AnmB i^uS aohb coBepmenHo OAHa. TaKB xot&iocb no6jiHse 

HOAOftTH EB JIH)AHMB, HO HeB03M0SH0 SO JI'i3TB Kb HHUB, EOr;ia 

HHETO He dOBeTB. Butjifimb BeqepoMB na Epujie^EO— Moa EBap- 
THpa 6iiija Bi TOMB aee aom'6, lA'i h 6oj[BHHi^a — chahuib h cmot- 
pnmB na AepeBHH). Gb rocnoACsaro EpujiBn^a bch) ee bhaho 6ujio. 
BsAHinB aiHX'B jiioAefi, EaEB ohh BOSBpaqaioTCH cb hojih, sasB 
<;o6HpaH)TCH EyiEaiiH Ha yjiHi^i, n thhotb kb hqicb, botb 6u Tasi 
acEo^Hjia H ao6isajia TyAa... Bpa^i* y nacB 6ujrb saKoft to 
<€TpaHHuA, Bcero 6oiijiCA h b^^^iho roBopHjii o Eanoft to octo- 



72 PyOCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

poasHOCTH. npBssaji'b owh vh SBtatfoBRy piABo; Aft^e noroirb^ 
EOFAa jiBRjiocs MHoro 6ojii>Huxi>, H ero BHA^Jia Majo; npiixen, 
Barji^HeTb na HHHyxRy ko mh^, HanouHHTb o6i ocTopoHHocn, 
HejiBKOHi nocHOTpBTE 6ojiLHBixi H cn^uiETb y^xaTB. Orb Hero 
A ysHajia o pasHux^, KaKi> y nac^ tobophjih, aHTHiieAHaHH- 
CKHX'b 6e3nopAAKax'b, Cubqihxi bi> HicKOjibBHxi> irbcTaxi). Hh Ha 
ceKyHAy ne npaxoABjo m!b wb rojiOBy, wo H'&qTo noAo6Hoe mo- 
serb cjiyqHTbCfl bi> fflKa6oBE^. E MeHA ysacHO THnyjio Kb HHifb, 

XOlijBOCb KaKb UOaCHO 6jIH»e HOSHaROMHTbC^ Cb HHMB, Cb MOHMH 

s:a6oBi^aMH... fl BaHi desrojiKOBO paBCKasuBaK), ho uh^ saxetcii^ 
^TO BBi nofiMere... 

— IIoflMy, noflny, Bce nofiMy. FoBopHTe, Kaicb Bani xoqeicfl^ 

— Hy, xopomo... Moh CHOuieHi^ c^ A^poBHeft na^ajiHCb 
Hepesi) nocpeACTBO ciapyxH ^eAOTOBHu, KOTopan cocTo^jia npH 
MH'6 Bi> KaqecTBi ho to ciopoacHXH, ne to CTpanyxa h 6bijia 
safioBCBa^. Ona snajia bch) AepeBHio h ee TaMi Taicme snajiH 
Bci. Orb aen h MHoroe ysHajia o acaCoBi^ax'b, ho ona 6bu[a Ta- 
Kaa HeBd^poATHan BbiAy)<^n^Biia, ^to paacKasuBajia co bc^mh ho- 
APo6hoct;iuh co6biTij!, KOTopuxi HHKorAa ho 6biBajio vb a^Sctbh- 
TejibHOCTB. y HOH 6uzsL CTpacTb Bce HpeyBejiHqHBaTb. Ecj[h pe- 
6eH0Ri odacerb ce6i pyKy, ona CKaserb, cosfjih peCenRa na 
CMepTb, a KOFAa na sa6oBCKHxi nojiflxi nonBHaacb capan^ia, to 
a ysHajia orb ^eAOTOBHbi, qTO eoc^AHie MysHKH HamjeiH bi> noji'& 
OAHy TaRyio capaniy, qTo HacHjiy babochii aohocjih ee ao AepcBHH; 
n qio EorAa noKasajiH ee OAHOMy rpaMOTHOiiy cojiA^Ty, to oh'b 
npoqejii y Hen na KpujibAX'b ^KpacHUH*' cjiona: ^Bosie nacjia- 
Hie^ H EaKi» TOJibRO on% upoqeji^, to capaHqa ara TOTqaci ace 
BbipBaaacb h yjioTi^jia. Hy, Bcero ne pascKasemb, Aa> h ne npH- 
HOMHBmb Bcero, qTo h cjiumaja orb CTapyxH. En^e Hy»HO 6bt 
BaHi> pascKasaTB o Apyrofi jinqHocTH, o ^OMHi HBanoBH'fi, mojlo- 
Aoft BAOByuiKi, TOFAa Bbi 6yAeTe 3HaTb Becb nami 6ojibHBqHuft 
niTarb. JI^oMHy HBanoBHy uni npncjiajra h31> ropoAa aeucKaa 
ynpaBa, bi KaqecTB:6 cba'^JIkh hjih xoasaTKH, KaKb y nacb Ha- 
dUBajin. Ona dujia EpecibflHKa, ho nosHJia bi> ropoA^, OA'iBa- 
jiacb no HOA'i^ h npesHpajna npocTux'b ifyasHKOBi. Ona 6biJia 
oqeHb HBAypHa h JiK)6Hjiia sanHHaTbCH co6ofi. Ona mh'& cpasy 
yacacHO ne uonpaBHjiacb... IIpHCTaBajia c^ pasroBopaMH, ch paa- 
cnpocaMfl: kto a^ hs^ KaKoro SBaniji, saqtui) h cjiysy, kto mh^^ 
Cojibme HpaBBTCB: Rynx^u, HHcapH hjlh BoenHbie, ecTb jih y iieHH 
seHQXi H T. H. Mat CTUAHO Tenepb BcnoMHHaTb, qTO a Cujia 
Ki> Hefl HecHpaBeAJiHBa, qTo a Aaace CTapaJiacb cnaxHyTb ee oT'b 
ce6fl KyAa HHCyAb... Hy, a* ^to seiWh ne HHTepecno. 

— OqeHb HHTepecHo! HpoAOJiacafiTe, noasaJiyficTa, o ^OMHi 
HBaHOBHi,— CKaaajii CTapuKi. 

OflT* BCTajtl, BSHJH) HO COCtACTBy CTyjTb H CtjIT* HanpOTHB'b 

pascKaaqHi^bi, bo3ji'6 CTOJia^ cTOflBinaro nepeAi* AHBanOMi. Eny 



B^B OaSHAAHlB HMBAA* 73 

noEasajiocL, hto owb saTpjAHiieTi ee Tiirby ^ro eft npHXOAHTca 
nocTOflHHo noBopaHBBaTB icb HeMy rojiosy. 

— Birby — npoAOJLsajia A'^Bymsa, — uvA oieHB cob'6ctho... 
Bcerxa roBopHmB ceftb, ^to He cjr&AyerB cyAHTB o qejioBtsi^ na 
nepBOHy BneHau^Hiio, a HHKorsa dioro He A'&n^eniB. ^OHHa 
HBaHOBHa A2IJI& MHi xopomift ypoEi>. 51 BcerAa lenepb 6yAy 

nOMHHTB, qTO He^BSH eMOTp'^TB Ha ^eJOB^^Ka HOBepXHOCTHO... %0 

CB Toro, qTO OHa dkuiMCbj 6ojiTajiia Bcaidft BSAop-B, 6poBH hoa- 
BOAHJia h Masajia rydii KaKoft to KpacHofl noMaAOft. A BasB ona 
pa6oTajia^ xaKB ona cb dojiBHUMn o6paiqajiacbI y nea 6iia^ 
yAHBHTejBHLift zapasTepB. BcerAa Becejian, Ao6poAyniHo Ha- 
cvftiHJiHBaH, OHa HHKOFAa He xepHJia xopomaro HacTpoeHiH... H 
BB TO He BpeHH OHa TasB H^HO, TaKB 8a6oTJiHBO yxaaRRBaj[& 
sa dojiLHLiiin, tto h cana Bvbcrb cb hhmh roTOBa tfujia eft pyKH 
iriJioBaTB. BcerAa 6yAy homhhtb OAHy ci^eny. JI^OMHa HBanoBna 

CTOHJia B08Ji:& (fOJIBHOrO, CB KOTOpUHB M&I HpOBOSHJIHCB HepeffB 
9THUB BCH) HOHB. 3tO 6lIJ[B MOJIOAOft, CHJlBHllft HapOHB, OCTaBJieH- 

Huft HauB npoxoAHBmeft hhmo naprieft nepecejieHiteBB. CTpani- 
HLie npHnaAKH 6oji'fi8HH, cb kotopumh ohb ynopno 6opojica^ 
cjiOHHjiH ero H aobojuh ao HOjmaro HSHeHoseHiB. Ohb jiesajTB 
nenoABHSHO r thxo croHajiB, ho cronajiB RaRBiiB to oco6eH- 
humb cnoco6oMB... Ohb ntob... Si He snaH), RaKB bto HaseaTB 
HHa^e. Ohb THHyjiB oahhb sayKB, AOJiro h sajio6HO, noRa xsa- 
Tajio Ayxy; hotoub, uinna tohb, TRHyjrB Apyroft ssyRB*.. ^OMHa 
HeaHOBHa Aasajia eiiy jieAB h, noRaqHsan rojiOBoft, bb TaRTB 
dTOTO CTpaHHaro nimfl, BTopnjia 6ojiBHOMy h Tanase AOJro, TaRSce 
HpoTHSHo H sajio6Ho TflHyjia Birtcrb cb hbmb a-a-a... h-«r-r... 
0-0-0... H a BHA^Jia, RaRB (SojiBHoft OTRpujuB rjiasa, BsrjiHnyjrB 
Ha nee h yjoLudnyjiCJi eft. 3acTaBRTB yiinpaH)n^aro Hej[OB:fiRa jjlu^ 
6aTBCfl, KTo se CByifieTB CA'iiaTB btoI 
JI^^BymRa saMojiiajia. 

— Ohb yiiepB, stotb napoHB? — cRaaajiB cTapHRB. 

— ]ifi,, yMepB... noTOMB, otb TR$a. XoJiepy ohb nepenecB... 
TuL^ CTpamni^e xojiepLi,— OTB'&THJia A'i^BymKa. 

— Hy, xopoiHO...— npoAOJisajia ona, nocjii RopoTRaro moji- 
^aniH. — a satfujia, Ha ^ohb ocTanoBRjiacB... Ara, BcnoMHHjia. 
OAHaacjlu yTpoMB BjieT^Jia ro mh'6 cb ahrhmb bhaoitb ^OAOTOBna 
H saHBHJia, qTO na MejiBHHi^'i qejiOBtKa na RycRs pasopsajio. Hy 
Rone^HO, ceftqacB se no6'&Kajia TyAa. PasopBaHHUft na EycRH 
qejiiOB^RB dTo Club MeoiBHHRB. KorAa a npHmjia na HejiBHHiiy^ 
OHB CHA'^^JTB BHyTpH HejiBHnqHaro Rojieca h qTO to TaHB pa6o- 
TajiB TonopoMB. ORasajnocB, mo ero yAapHao ROJiecoMB; na mfiJ^ 
CB ji:bBo& CTopoHBi 6Lijia AOBOJiBHO 6ojiBinaH niapanHHa — botb h 
Bce. MejiBHHKB nonpocHjiB y MenH hphmo^rh; h o6:fintajia npn- 
cjraTB H npH stohb pascRasajia eny npo BUAynRy ^eAOTosnu. 
TaKHUB oCpasoifB mbi nosHaKOMHJiHCB. SfiajiH MejiBHHRa EaaH" 



74 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

repacHMOBHq'b. 9to 6£ijio Hoe nepsoe SHaKOMCiBo. Bi Ton so 
AOHB, no npocL6i HB&Ha FepacHMOBEqa, a saiiLsa Kb ero seai, 
y KOTopot 6oji'&iH Hors; no coci^ACTBy Cb hok) nossajia MeHfl 
crapyxa, saiOBaBmaflCfl Ha 6ojib bi> cnHni, a coci^Ka ciapyxH, 
MOJiOAaH ch rpyxHBiBTb MJiaAeHi^eirb, npHrjiacnjia uenn nocMOxpi^TB 
pe6eHKa, y Koioparo pasAyJio shbotb. CjioBoin>, cpasy iiBsjiacB 
apaKTHfca h hobbiji sHaKOMCXBa. Bi TeHeme AByx%-Tpexi> A^eft 
HHCJto MOHxi) nai^ieHTOB'B, upeHHyn^ecTBeHHO 6sk6% h a^toS, 
Bospocjio HacTOJiBKO SHaqHTOjiBHO, HTO Bco MOO Bpoufl 6bijio sa- 
HHTO 60JIBHUMH. fl coBopiueHHO HO saH^^qajia BpeMOHH H B006111 
HH^ero H6 9ajr6qajia: catHmROHi yBjiesjiacB. Tasi npomjio bbk^jl 
AB& JI^Ba pasa npiissajn Ham'B Bpa^i). Oahetb pasi cairb npi- 
ixajTB H, ysHaBB mohx'b a^P^bchcehx'b ycn:6xax'b, cyxo noco- 

BiTOBaJIl) UK& H6 c6jlHSaTBCH CB 3THin> HapOAOMB, nOTOMy HTO 
6CJEH Cb HHMH CjHSKO COfllHCB, TO OHH HO CXaHyTB BaCl CJiy- 

maiB. noEasajiB hhI HOBeHBjdft p6B0JD[BBepB. SI, roBopHTb, Bcerxa 
CB 3TH1CB :63sy H BaiTB coBiryH) saBOCTH. Bb APyi'^^fi P^^^ ^ 
ero BLiSBajia icb xojiepHOMy 6ojiBHOMy, pa6oqeHy, EOToparo nps- 

BOSJIH KB HaMB H3B COClAHeft dKOHOldH. OhB npBxaJIB AOBOJIBHO 

noBAHo H 6ojiBHOfi yMopB npH neiTB. IIpasAa, ero npHBeaiH wb 
eamy 6oj[BHHi^y yace ho^th 6e3HaAesHU]CB. Hsb oxot BKOHOiiiE^ 
rA'6 He npHHHMajiH HHKaKHXB MipB npoAOcropoaKHOCTn, kb HaicB 
noxoMB npHBOSHJiH 6ojiBH£ixB qyxB He KasAuB AGhb. MesAy 
npoqaiTB, 9x0 oiohb ho npasHjiocB mohicb »ca6oBi^aiiB... y hhxb 
611UIH BpasA66HbiH oTHomeHifl cb 8B0H0Mie&, EaKie to cxapue 
ciotu H8B-3a seiufl... Bb totb A6HB, BaKB ynepB pa6oqift... Kirby 

Ha APyrOft A6HB... nOBBaJIH MOHfl Ha pOAU KB OAHOMy OIOHB 6tA- 

HOMy MyiBHKy... Hy-Aa, t. e. kb ero seni^... Xoth BHaexe qxo: 3xo 

6hUrb XaKOft Heo6BIKHOBeHHBI& ICySHKB, OHB XaKB 6ujn> BJIH)6jieH'B 

BB CBOio seny, hxo, ocjih 6bi hopb, ohb 6u h poahtb 3a nee 
corjacHjicH. MH'b xohoxch pascKaBaxB npo BacHjdH HraaxBEqa^ 

XOTH dTO KB A^Jiy He OTHOCHTCH... 

^iByniKa BonpocHxejuBHO BsrjiHHyjia na cxapHKa. Toxb he- 
^ero He otb^tejib, tojbeo yjiBi6RyjiCH. 

— MosHO? fl He AOJKro; h'^cbojibro cjobb... Hy, xopoino... 
3totb BacEjiifl HrnaTBEqB orpoimLiflMysqEHa, CTpamHO cejibhuA 
qejiOBiKB* Bb AepeBH^ cm^hjihcb naAB ero Htonoft npEBHsan- 

HOCTBH) KB SOH^; BB OCOtfeHHOCXE SaBHAOBaJIE E BJIOCJIOBEJEE 

€a6£i. Ohb Bce a^&Jtb jiflsi CBoeft RaTn; ne nosaojiHjrB eft a'^-^ 
jiaxB HEKaKoft TpyAHOfi pa6oTBi, a no npasAHERaMB npsBOBEjiB 
eft H3B ropoAa e3K)ub h HHTHue npHHEKE. jl caua bh- 
A^^Jia ji']^xo]fB bb cxpaAHyH) nopy, aaKB ohe 06a patfoxa- 
jiE HB uojLi. BacEjiift KOCETB EJiE SHexB, a KaTH npnue- 
COTB eny o6iA^ e ceaetb na CHonaxB, cmotpexb na Hero e he- 
qero ue A'^a^^B* H snaeTe, axa EaxH xanoe caatfoe, 6jiiAHoe 
C03AaHie; HajieEBKan, xyAeEbKaa, oiohb MEJiOBEAHaa q xExan. 



Bt OSHAABIH no-BBM* 75 

C'b Heft HMeHHO xaE^ H HjSHO 6hLjL0 o^pan^aTBCfl, BaB^ BacH- 
jiiS, X. e. saJiiTB h nisHTB ee, HanepeRop'B AepoBeHCKoiiy o6me^ 
CTBeHHOHy MH^mK). n RaxH ropABJiacB CBOHifb CEuiaqoM'b Mysseifb 
H SI 3HaK), ^To 6My 6ujL0 MT^e H Becojf&e pa6oTaTb, KOFfta OHa 
CHA&2ta H CKOip'ijia Ha Hero... Hy, xopomo. y dioft to Eaxe h 
^ujia na poAaxii. Poabi 6ujih xpyAHue h h npoBOsajiacb xaifB 
icbjiuft A6HB. ^oMoft npamjia (iacoBi> b'b 12 ho^h h cxpamao 
fcxajia. Ha KpEiJieqKi Henfl BCxptxHJia cxapyxa ^exoxoBna. Oaa 

XJISKO, XH»KO B3A0XHyjia, apOBOAHJia MOHfl, B3ABIXafl, AO Moeft 

KOMHaxBi H B'B TO BpeMH, KaKi Ay Me^xaH o6i oxABixi, co6Hpa- 
jiacB cuaxB, BApyrB BuaajiHaa hb cb xoro, he cb cero: «KaKi 
ase naiTB ({bitb xo, AnHa IlaBJuoBHa? MysHRH xetfa ho xoxhtb... 
nopi^nuuiH Ha cxoAi BUBesxE xe6H bb nojie, sa 12 BepcxB, na 
xpn nepeKpecTEa>... h eEqe KaKyfo xo rjiynopxB, ne hohhk). Si 
pascepAHJiacB h npornajia cxapyxy 6e3B bchkqzi i^epeMOHift, no- 
TOHy ^xo cxpaoiHO xoxijiocB cnaxB. Ho jihoib xojibko a Jierjia 
Bi> HocxeJiB, Basil coHB Moft upoHajTB. 3x0 ^acxo 6UBa6X:B, BOFAa 
oqeHB ycxaneniB. Tojibbo nepeA'B pascBixoMi a HOMHoro sacayjia. 
HpocHyjiacB paHO, bch paa6eiTaH, cb rojsoBHOft 6ojibk), bb caiifOHi» 
CBBepHOSfB HacxpoeniH. Yxpo 6UJ10 oxBpaxHxejiBHoe, rpasHoe, c:6- 
poe CB MejucHiTB AOSAeMik, oxi soxoparo 6ajio cobc^mi xomho. 
Tojibbo qxo noAKAJiacB cb nocxejiB, cjiuiny JljOMHa HBanoBHa cb 
jAwb xo 6paHHxcfl, na Boro xo bph«iqtb. fl BjcHBHyjia ee, oHa 
He mjia. Baiicxo h6h HBHJiacB ^oAOxoBna h saflBzjia Mpa^HBin'B, 
yBopHSHeHHBiiTB xoHOMi: cMysHBH npaiojiHi.^. HoBa h o;^£Ba- 
jiacB A& yuBiBajiacB, oHa MHi coofio^HJia, qxo MysHsa a^bho 

BAlfiCB, ^XO OHH AOSHAaiOXCfl MeHH BB 60JIBHait'i, RXO ^OMHa HBa- 
HOBHa HXl 6paHHXBy CCOpHXCH Cl> HHUH H TOHEXB HXl, HO OHH 

ee He cAymaiorB a x. a- H 6BiJia n xasoirB pa3ApasHxejiBH0Mi 
HacxpooHiB, qxo mh^ ctohjio xpyAa CAep»axB ce6H, <ixo($ei He 
pascepAHXBCH na neaoBEHHyio cxapyxy. Ho a sa to ne 6e3'B 
osecTo^eHiH tfeperjua cBoft rniBB a^a sa6oBiieffB h HcnuxuBajia 
Aase H^BOxopoe yAOBOJiBCXBie npa uucjeh, qxo Boxi ceftnaci n 
BBifiAy B% dXHicii rocHOAaBCB, Boxopuo HanipeHBi BuraaxB MeHH 
H8i» SBLatfoBBH, H CBasy hmb Bce, 1x0 y Mena na Ayin:6... A na 
Ay mi y Hena 6wlo xaKi» o6haho, xasi ropBEO, BaBi> HHBorAa 
Bi SHSHE... ^a BBi MeHH HO cjiymaexe? 

— 0, wkrhj a cjiymaH)! 51 naqero ne nponycxHji'B. 

GxapHBi> A^ftcxBHxejtBHo cjiyinaji'B BHEicaxejiBHOy ho 6uj['b 
OAHHB MOMeHTB, Ho^xH HoyjiOBHMuft, ropa3AO MeHBIHe CeByHABI, 
BOFAa OH'B, BarjiaA'^BmacB na A'^^Bymay, He cjiymajTB, qxo ona 
roBopHTB, H saAyMajica APyroiTB. Oaa xojibbo qxo nepeAi* dXEMi> 
cnajia cboh) qepayio mepcxaaya) manoqay, nojuosajia ee aa ctoJL'b 
H ManiEHajiBHO nonpaaajia pascunaBmieca h8:b hoai nea boaocu. 
GBixjua, Maraia BBiomiiaca npaAH yaajia cb odiax'B cropoHi> 
JOLHSL H OEpysHjLE ero aeraoft, aacypnoft, dOioxHCXoft paHRoft; 



76 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

B3BOJiHOBaHHoe jiHi^o ji^BjmKE noKpuAocB H^aBHUMi pyHflHueirb; 
ea 6ojiBinie, TOMH&ie, uo^ith cHoie rjiaaa saropijiHCB, 0CBiaqe4- 

HUe HeBHAHHBIlTB, TJi^-^O rjiy60K0 CKpUTUHl B^ 6)1 XJISA HCTO?- 

HHKOiTb CBira. H 9TE Fjiasa, BOJiocBi, jiBi^o H BCfl 9Ta A'&BymKa 
BApyrb noRasajiHCB cTapHKy SHaKOHUME. H ^liirB to 6jiH3KHsrB 
noBiBJio Ha Hero h oh'b saAynaJCH na MrHOBeme Ha^i^ Bonpo- 
coitb: cFxi se n bha^jtb paHbine bto jLnu,o?> 

— Hy, xopomo— npojojiaKajia iieajy vbwh x^BymKa.— H 
BomJia vb KOHTopy, rxb ueua sjiajiE «a6oBuu. Hn 6hUL0 MHoro, 
nojinafl KOMHava. CflxijiH Ha ORHaxi, Ha KpoBaT^xB, na Ta6y- 
peTKaxi; ctoajim syiKoft bosjiI neqKH. ^OMHa HBanoBHa 6ujia 
Tyrb se. cnocMorpHTe, ckojibko rpjias HacjiiAHJiH*, saspHqajia 
OHa, KaiTb TOJiBKO yBBA'iJia MenA.— tHcraHHoe HaKasanie 6ome 
CB dTHiTb rpiiSHLiirB HapoAOMi*... H npenpaTHJia en 6ojitobhk> 
H npornajia ee hsi BOHnaTu. ^oiiHa HBaHOBHa 6e8npeKOCjiOBHO 
yAajiHJiacb, ho, Kaici. OKasajiocB hotovb, oh& BABoen^ ch $eAO- 
TOBOi Bce BpeMfl CTOHJIH sa ABepBK) H noACjyaiHBajiH. «Ha ion 
cjiyiaft,— otiiJiCHHjia hh^ nocjrb Jl^oma HBaHOBfia, qTo, ecjiH 
iiysHKH saxoTHrB MeHH y6HTB, TO qto 6bi OHa Morjia ne no- 
nycTHTB AO 3Toroi. 

KorAa H BoiDJia bb 6ojiiBHflityi B(r& KpecTBAne BCTajiH, co6pa* 
jiHCB vh KyqKy e npHABEnyjiHCB kouh^. CTpanno noA'iftcTBOBajiH 
Ha MeHH Hxi> cnoKoiHBifl anua. Mnorie aa^ko npsBiTjiEBO yjtutf- 
HyjiflCB MHi, KOFAa H HOSAopoBajiacB CB HHMH. FniBB Moft cpasy 
ynajEi h MHr& CTaao KaB'B to HejuoBRO. 

— Hy, qTo CKaaseTe?— cnpaodHBaK). MojrqaTB. fl CMOTpfo, 
HH^y 3HaK0MBixB jiHi^B H ysHaio BacEjiiH HrnaTBH^a. Ohb ctohjii 
BHopeAE Bcixi; CMOTp'&jrB Ha iieHH, KaffB 6ui oacHAafl^ ^to h 
aaroBopK) cb hheb. kl a 3aroBopEJia. Hy, qTo Raifl, KaiCB ona 
ce6H qyBCTByeTB?— cnpaiBHBaK).— CjiaBa Bory— roBopniB — 6jia- 
roAapHMB BacB. — H oqatb MOJiqanie. ^yBciByfo, KasB cepAii^e 
6oji'63HeHHO csEMaeTCH E cjiesu noA^HpaioTCH kb rjiasaMB, ho 
CTapaiocB coxpaHHTB CHORoftCTBie. Hy, xopomo... Bi AajrBHeM'B 

P^Ay CTOHJTB MOJIOAOft RpeCTBilHEHB, ROTOparO H 8aH'6THJia HO 

ero tiesnoKoftHuiTb rjiasauB h neTepnikJiHBUirB ABEseHiAEB. Ho- 
TOMB fl CB HHMB HOBHaROMHjiacB; 3BajiE ero GTenani e y Hero 
8HH0& ynepjio ABoe MajienBRux'B pe6ETB otb AB^^TepsTa. EorAa 
n BsrjiiiHyjia na nero, ohb Mff& BApyrB HanoHHEJii oahopo neTep- 
6yprcRaro qEsoBHERa, CTpamnaro HeHaBECTHERa AORXopoBB. TaRoff 
ace y Hero opjiEHuft hocb h MajienBRaa CBiTjio-pycaH 6opoARa. 
Btotb HecwcTHuft UHOBEBRB, ROFAa y Horo ynepjia ao^b, xoaejib 

no BCilTB CBOEMB SHaROMUMB H HpOHOB'^ABIBajIl HeotfXOAHMOCTH 

ECTpe6HTB Bcixi Bpaqefi. CxeaaHB h ]SfipxsLJLesi xaRi, RaRB totb 
hhhobhhrb: ho hofb ycxoflXB Ha oahoh'b wbcrb, nepecxynajTB cb 
HOPE Ha Hory e GesnpecTaHHO ABErajrb njeqaME; laRoe se y 
Hero 6uM 6ji'iAHoe xyAoe jihi^o. He SHaio noqeny, ho h ho- 



qyfiCTBOBajia, ^to OHib noft Bpan h ^to ohi cetqaci AOJUseHi 

SarOBOpHTb CO HHOfi. H 0H1> A^fiCTBHTejIbHO SarOBOpBJTb, TOJILKO 

He CO HHofi, a o6paTRjicfl xi» mocmj sHaEOMOMy BacHjiiK) 
HraaTBeBH'iy. 

— ?T0 sii> TBI, BacHjii&HrHaTBiri'b,— npon8Heci>OH'bKaKHin» 

TO ASBHTaSBHUlTB TOHOM'b, — CKaSBEBaft; saH^ui npHinjiH. 

BacHJiift HraaTBH^'B qyTB-qyTB BUCTynnjTB BnepeAi) h CKa- 
dajii: «Hbi ki Te6d&, AHna IlaBjioBHa^ bc^mx odntecTBOuir npa* 
uiah: npocHiTB Te6H yixaiB otb aacB, a ($0JiBHHi](y nQHpaqHTB>... 
KaKoe cjiOBeuo BUAynajui— noupa^iHTB! <Mbi ee, pobophtb, 
BafiBeiTB, Kasi> npesAe 6bijio, h nycTB ctohtb. Kii leiiy nairB 6oj[b- 
HHi^a? HaiTB 60SLUBTJJBL neK^euj>... H^ckojubko rojiocoBx bi xoani 
noM^paBajia ero, noBTopHBi nocjr^AHee cjiobo: cHen^eHy, He*- 
KHenyi... IIoTOiirb Bacsmifi HrHaTBaqB eme ^to to roBopHjn>, ho 
ysi n He noMHio. Gi> dToro MOMeHTa a noTepAjia choco^hoctb 
Ha6jB[H)AaTB sa ota^bhumh jouoiaHH. & bhcthhkthbho noqys- 
CTBOBajia, <iTO uni dpexoahtch hm^tl k^jlo ho cb HBanoirB h 
neTpoiTB', a CO BciMH, a SL OAHa, qysaji dTony mpy jiH)Aeft, 
KOTopuxi) fl yase ycnijia hojuo^htb. 0, a He yirbio BaMi nepe- 
AaTB, EaRB MyuTejiBHo 6bijio jifiE MeHH nepenecTH dTy nesacjiy- 
seHHyK) o6HAy. Bt^B a ao nocji^aeft MHHyTH ne BipHJsa, hto 

MHt TaEB CnOEOfiHO H HpOCTO CKasyTB y&XaTB H8B a93La60BKB. 

«^ijin> ase bh mhoA hoaobojibhbi?!— cnpaniHBaK), h ^yaciByio^ 
qTO dTo npasAHuft BonpocB, ^to jk'kno coBctirB ne ffb jihhhux'b 
oTHomemHSB, a B'b qeirB to ApyroifB, qero hh o6i»acfiHTB, hh 

nOHATB HeBOSMOSHO. OhS Bci SarOBOpHJUH paSOMB, H BCd^ OAHO 

h to ace. Ohh mhoS coBepmeHHO aobojibhii, nnqero Aypnoro bo 

MHt He SaHiTHJUB, HO HHROFAa y HHXB HH 60JIBHHA'B, HH (|»ejIBA- 

mepoBi He 6bijio. EieMy ms!b 6ojiBHHi^a'— H6B«ieMy. HeKqeny h 
RoneiTB. 9to T^nyjiocB AOJiro. H 6oHAacB npHHaAsa cj[a6ocTH, 
tioHjiacB, saEB 6u awb ne pacHJiaKaxBCA. A njiaKaxB xorijiocB^ 
TaKB xoT&iocB, qTo He SHaH), KasB H yAep»aJiacB otb cj[e8i>... 
Hy, xopomo... KorAa ohh aanoJiiajiH^ h naqajia hitb AOKasuBaTB 
nojiBsy MeAHi^HHBi, o6bhchhtb onacHOCTB sapasBi h t. h. Axi, 
RaKaH dTo 6BU[a CEyKa! 9 qyBCTBOBajia, hto h tojiocb y Menji 
EaKoft to qyso& 9 CAymajia caHa ce^a h caHoft ce6i ne hi- 
pHJia. MeHH cjiymajiH Tepui^iiHBO, ho h cana BApyrb 060- 
psajia qyTB ne Ha nojiycjOBi. TorAa ohhtb saroBopHJiH 

OHH, HOBTOpHfl TO Se CaHOO, W£0 rOBOpHJIH paHBHie. Ho 

H 6ojiBnie He cjiymajia. Jl Ayiiajia toitb, KaKi> sko mh£ 6i>itb? 
HeysejiH yftTH? IIpHBHaTB ce6ji BHHOBaTofl? Bb hohb? H^tb, 
HHsaqTol Ho qxo CKasaiB hmx, qTo6£i mohh hohhjih, noBi^pnjiH? 
Ho bm:6cto OTBiTa HH'fi BApyrB npHoiJio b'b roAOBy... KaKB 6iajio 
6hi xopomo Ho&TH B0Hi> Ha Ty KpoBaTB, cnpHTaTBCH BB iioAyniKy 

H BBOAK), BBOAH) HaOJiaKaTBCH. 5f qyBCTBOBaJia, HTO CJia6iH), HTO 

HOFH y MeHH AposaxB; a HcnyrajiacB, ^to ynaAyy n MamHHajiBHO 



78 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

nanpaBHjiacB Kb EpoaaTH,— h noKa h mjia qepesi KOMHaiy, 
rjA'i^Bmie rojioca pasou'b CTajm saTHxaiB, a Kor^a h cijia, to 
H coBcfeM'b npBTHXjiH. TojibKo Gten^LWb He ycn&n saifOjiqaTB 
BM']^CTi CO BciuH H H ycjiumajia ero OAHHOEift rojioci^ £Cho h 
p:b3E0 BByHaBmift cpe^H BHesaiiHO ycTaHOBHBmeftcH THmHHU. 
Fojiocb y Hero 6ujn> HenpiflXHKifl, qxo to (j^ajiBmHsoe cjiumajiocB 

BB HeMB. ^yHJIOCB KaEB-TO, ^TO OHB COBd^Ml HO TO AyMaOTB, qiO 

roBopHTB. Jl ycjuiiimajia ero nocjii^AHifl cjnoBa, nposByqaBmiH ho- 
oasHAaHHo rpoHKO npa o6iiteirB MOjqaHiB: cA qero, BojRe coxpaHH, 
cjiyqHTC^ qero, TaKi Te6fl ace o6BBHOBaTflTB>... 9th cjLOBa^ a 
rjiaBHoe tohi, KaKHm ohh 6ujih cKasanu^ tohi, bi KoxopoirB 
yrposa MacKnpoBajiacB^ajiBniHBofttfjiaroHejiaTejiBHocTBio^ cTpamno 
noAMcTBOBajH na ueHH. Cjia6ocTB moh BApyrB ucqesjia, h a 
noqyBCTBOBajia, qTO SHaio TenepB, qTO mh^ HysHO CRasaTB hitb. 
Si BCKoqHjia CI nocTejiH h saspHqajna, otfpan^aKflCB eb TOJtni h 
HeBOJiBHO nepeApasHHBaii jiHAeicfipHiift tohi CTeHana: c06bhho- 
BaTATB? ^a Bi^AB Bbi yse HeHH otfBHHOBaTHjiH. Bu saq^MB npH- 
mjiH cioAa? ?to h Bam c^'^jiajia?.. BeBCOBicTHue! Bc!& bu 6e3* 
C0BicTHBie..« Bci Bu BpoTe. Ha ysfb y Baci oaho, a na hsue^ 
Apyroe: cmhofo aoboolbhu, cnacHfio Te6i, tu Ao6paa», a caiiH 
roHHTe ifeHA. Xopomo, h yfiAy, a tojibeo si CEasy BauB, hto 
3X0 6e3C0B:6cTH0 TasB nocTynaTB co mhoA. Bbi BamHirB BpanBeui 
BCH) Ay my Hsrb MOHa B£uiOTajiH>... <Biii AyuaeTo,— EpHqaja h, — 
qTO MeHfl noAOCJiajiH^ sa AenBrn HaHAjm, qTo6Li hophtb sacB*.. 

A ETO HeHH nOCJLajBLB, ETO HaHHJlB? 06b 9T0M1> BU HOAyMajIH? 

Bu qTO? BH Bqepa poahjhcb... Bu He snaeTe^ qTo Menn sen- 
ctbo nocjajio, a bb seMCTB^ TaMB h Bamn MyasHEH chahtb... 
BojiBmie, ((opoAaTue jiioah, a rjiynocxHui) Bd&pHTe>... Menn no- 
qeny to oco6eHHO BSBOJinoBajio cjiobo cHaHHJiHi... cHyAa^Epnqy, 
HaHHJiH ueHH, sa A^HBrn HannjiH... n nacB EorAa HaHHMaH)rB 
pa6oTaTB, TaEi> A^HBrn Bani HJiaTaTi. M Menfl Han^jiH, Bame 
seMCTBO HaHHjio, 3a BamH aohbih naHJiJiio pafioiaTB jifia BacB, 
ji^qHTB BacB... He xoTnxe iieHH, jiaAHo, h yfiAy? cIk) lumyTy 
yflAyl HyCTB Kb BaMB Apyrnx^ npHCUJiaiorb...» H a a^Sctbh- 
TejiBHo qyBCTBOBHjia H0Tpe6H0CTB cefiqacB se yfiTH otb hhtb h 

AifiCTBBTeJlBHO BOBHyiliajinCB HXB 6e8C0Bi^CTH0CTBK)... 

^iBymEa yjiiii6HyjiacB h nonpaBHjia pyEoft bojioc&i. 

— Hy, xoponio.... BApyrB a BcnoMHHjia, qTO y Mena Kb 
KapMant ACHBrn... neAaBHO Bpaqi> npusesB mh^ moo sajiOBaaBe. 
H BLixBaTHJia Hxi* H3^ EapMaua, a^ h inBiipnyaa hb TOJiny. H 
Epnqy hmi: «BorB Bamn A^HBrn... bbi Mena naHEHajiH, bbi hh^^ 
HjiaTBjiH. Bame sencTBO Bamn A^HBrn njiaTHJio. He xoqy h hxi, 
He nysHO mh:6 BaniHxi» A^nerb, ne HyacHo, ne HyacHo!»iI TaEi> 
Epaqajia, qTO Kb EOHi^i-EOHi^oBii y Mena rojioca ne xeaTHjio h 
CHjiB 6ojiBine ne 6bij[o. H ynaaa na spoBaTB a sajiejiacb njia-* 
qeHi* Bi» HCTepHBi... Botb h ace. 



fii OSEA^IH noi&3AA. 79 

— KaRi Bce? A x^Jibme? — BocKUKHyjn CTapHBi», ohatb sa- 
^ CHOTpiBOiifiCH Ha A^ByniKy. 

— ^ajiBine? ^ajiBine Bce nomjio, KaKi> cjiisyerb. BorB tojglbko 
uni icTB xo^eTCfl h qaio xoqercA. 

CxyAeHTB ymejiii sa Haem, a CTapeiCB, npii HanoacHHaHiE o 

iA% BCnOMHHJTB 06iji,BLiOmEX'h 6paTBeBl H BSrjtflHyjTB Vb HX1> 

CTopoey. Ore Bce en^e cha'^juc na tohi ae ificii s Bce eiqe 
He KORqHan oC'i^Aa. Ho CTapHicB ocTaBEjii bxi bb noKoi, noTony 
HTO A^ByniEa npoAOJrsajia CBofi pascKasi. 

— H He noMHK), ?T0 6ujL0 A^Bine... 3HaH), hto e aojito^ 
EMKajia, a noTOMi sacuyjia. aKa6oBi][u ymjiE, ho npesAe ohh 
coCpajiE pacKEAaHEUE A^BBrE E cysyjfl hxi UKb hoai noAyniBy. 
HsB sa HeEE AOcrajiocB EeMsoffCKO 6i^AHoft ^omh:& HBaBOBEi^. 
EasB TOJiBEO E ynajia Ea KposaxB, o6i seEn^EHiii,**ofli noA- 
rjiEABiBBJiE B^ n^ejiKy,— B6'6sajiE bb KOMEaxy. jIjOHEa HBasoBEa 
cefiqacB se Ea6pocEjiacB sa MyacEKOBB cb pyraxejiBCTBanE. Bce 
KOMsaxa EanojiEBJiacB en kpekohi, axo e homeh>,— e noMflio, 
EaKB noxoui) sBesanEO kpeitb bxoxb npeKpaxejicE. OKasajiocB, 
qxo JIjoMHy HBaEOBEy sanepjiE vh ^yjiaHi. BacEjrift HrEaxB^qi} 
cxBaxEji'B ee vh oxansy cboehe pyqEn^aMs e bbieocb e8:b rom- 
EaxBi. CaHoe rjiaBsoe npE bxoitb 6uzo, EOEe^Eo, xo, qxo efi 
E3MA JE CB^se BLirjiameEELift bopoxeebb e coBepmeHEO EcnopxEjiE 
npsqecEy. Keeb xojibeo ^ouBy HBEEOBEy BunycxHjiE esi qyjiaEa, 
OEa uepBiiMB Kijiom> Ho6:6sajia eb sepEajiy... 

— HoBBOJiBie, a bh, qio cb BaMB 6ujlo? — nepe6Ejii cxa- 

PEEI, nOBEAEHOMy, BO EHXepecyECB ^OMSOfi HBaEOBEOft. 

— Oj a xaEEce fiujia oqenB pacxpenana e HysAa^ftCB bx no- 
Mon^E sepEajia. 

— Axi, E He xombI — cepAExo CEasajTB cxapEEB, ho xox- 
qacB se e caMi> sacHibEJiCE. 

— Bu mii CKaECHxe boxb mxo,— npoAOJiacaJTB om>, — RorAa bei 
HpocflyjiflCB, Bu BcexaEE xox^jiE yfisacaxB esx ^a6oBEH? 

— H Ee AyMaJta! SI npocnajia noqxE bccb a^eb, a EorAa 
HpocflyjiacB, xo 6ujia xaEi cuoEofiEa, Eas-B 6yAxo HEqero se 
cjiyqEJiocB. He sflaio yacB noqeiiy, eo y HeEE ebejecb rjiy6oRaE 
yB^pesHOcxB, qxo Eca6oBi^Bi epemepejiecb co mhoS. BeqepoirB e 
HEBicxEjia menj BacEjiiE HrHaxBEqa e Bnojiui APyaK6Jiio6flo 6e- 

C&AOBEJia Cl EEM-B paSEUXB EOCXOpOHHHX'B EpeAMeXEXl. B'B 

nepBbie see ahe nocji'6 flainflxi> o6iECEeEifi y MeEE yABOEJiacB 
opaEXEEa. Bbi sHaexe, y EpecxBEHi ropasAO 6ojiBnie Sojibsbix'B) 
q^Mi y HacB; exb xojibeo ji'^^exb HeEOMy. ?yxB He bb KasAofi 
isB6i Exo-sfl6yAB H:bM'B-Efl6yAB EenpeM^HEO 6ojLiwb. Ecxb 6o- 

jiSEB, CB EOXOpUHE MU EOCEMCE BOPB SHEeXB CEOJIBSO, a 

xaiTB ^eji0B:6EB uojiqflTB e xepnBxi bck) seshb. EoJiBme Heqero 
pascEasuBaxB. Jl^a, BapoqeMi, boxx en^e... JI^se qepesi Asa ebh- 

JIECB EO MEi CXapmHHa E ypEAHEEl CB CEMUITB XaHECXBeEHillTB 



80 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

BHAOMi>... 3anepjiHCB co MHoft Bi» KOMHaiiy HcnyraHHue, Bcipe- 
BoaseHHLie. HecjiH Easyio to OKOJiecHi^y, ho bi KOH^i^-EOH^^Bl» 

ypjIAHHKI>, BBAflMO HOAOBOJlBHfilft MOeft HeC00((pa3IIT6JIBH0CTBK), CnpO- 

CHJTb MCHfl o$(|»Hi(iajiBH£iirb TOHOiTb: cIIpaBAa-jrH, ^to y becl 
3A'&cB 6BIJE0 BOSMyqeHie KpecTBflHi»?» Eo^e jijasi qepesB Asa npii- 

Xaji'B HCnpaBHHKB, BUUHJrB "laK), nOrOBOpHJTB nOCTOpOHHHXl 

npeAMeiax'B, Ho^nepexi) orB^SAOirB BceTasH cnpocHjTB: «He sa- 
MiTHiH'jH qero HH6yAB vh noBeAeniH MyaKHKOBi>?> HasoHei][i>, 
npiixajEB h seMcidfi HaHajiBHHKi». dioTb sp ue^ ho saxoAHJTB, a 
aoTpeSoBajTB iceHii kb ce&b Ha BSB'tosyK) KBaprHpy. 9 dujia 
saHHTa H AOJiro He HBJiHjiacB, lasB hto Korxa nomjia k^b Heny, 
TO OHB yse CTusbsi^ bb KOJiacKt, co6flpaflCB yidxaTB. Ghaa bb 
aranasi, ohb enpocHjrB MOHfl: €%o, nyxjiaHU Bama He 6yH- 
TyH)TB?> n, He AosxaBniHCB OTBiia, npH6aBnjrB: «Ecj[h HauyTB 
6yHT0BaTB, HeiceAJieHfio coo6o^nTe mhI^. TyiB ohb cA^Jiajn ueA 
noA'B KOdBipesB H CEaaajii) Ky^epy: «IIoinej[Bl» BojiBine o HamoMB 

apOHdneCTBlH HHKTO H6 BCnOMHHaJTB. 

BjiiXHaa AtBymsa bhabmo yciaaa h ho xoTlUa tfojEBine ro- 
BopHTB. npHHecju Hafl, xojioAHBie HHposKH H 6yTep6poAU CB 
BexqHHofi. CxyAeHTB h A'iByniKa ycepAHO saHHJucB hmh, a cia- 
pBKB OHHTB saTJiHA^&iCH Ha o6^}ifi,iomflxh 6paTBeBi». Ohb naniejB 
TaMB TenepB SHauiejiBHyK) nepeir&Hy. BpaxBH chhjih cboh 
najiBTo; ohh eoh^hjih '6ctb, ho hmb npHnecjiH KO<|)e h jiHKepLi. 
Ha Hxi jiHi^axB He ocTaaocB h cje^a^ orB npeasneft osafio^eH- 

HOCTH. IIOBHAHHOMy, OHH HpHMBpHJIHCB CB BOSMyTHBIDHHli HX1> 

<|)aKTOirB, a mosotb 6utb npocio piinHjiH 8a6£iTB o6o bc^xb 
npoqEXi A'i^axT>, qTo6u He Hi^maTB A'i^y HHo^eBapeHifl. Hx'b 
pyifflHUH ^OKH H BiasHue ji6li, hxb MacjiHHBie rjiasa n jio- 
CHHBmiecH noA^opoAKii cihjlsl aobojibctbohb h paAOCXBio npiai- 
Hbixi) o^yn^eHifl. Bed^Aa hxb leaepB HM^a, noBHAHHOMy, 6oji'be 
HHTHMHufl H 6ojAe HrpHBBift xapasxepB. Ohh to 6jih3ko nasjo- 
HAJiHCB ApyrB BB Apyry H, THXOHBKO CM^HCB, pasroBapHBaiH 

monOTOMB, TO BAPyPB OTKHAHBajIHCB Ha CHHHKH CiyJGLBeBB H 

rpoMKo xoxoTajiH. OAHaKo, hxb OTEpoBeHHaa XHSHepaAOCXHOcTB He 
TOJiBKO He CHBrqaAa CTapHJEca, ho Aua noByfo nnn^y ero 3Jio6'b. 
MxB mymyKaHBe KasajKOCB eny HenpHjiH^HHirB h nonuuMB; hxb 
rpoMKift CM:bxB ohb nasBiBajTB a^P^khmb h rpy6uiiB. Ohb ohhtb 

CB »aAHOCTBK) CJltAHJlTB Sa HHHH H HpHAHpaJICH EO BCHBOt MO- 

jioiH, KOTopaH Morjia B036yAHTB ero HOHaBHCTB. H eify cxpan- 
HBiMB o6padOMB KBdajiocB, HTo EaacABifi secTB 6paTBeBB A^aexcfl 
HMH eny na sjio. Fochoahhi cb iiajieHBKHMB 6aqKaHH, npnxo- 
AHBiniftcH np^MO jmn^oirB kb crapHKy, CA'&KajoiCH npeAuexoMB ero 
oco6eHHaro BHHMamH. Tjihah hu nero, ciapHKi ohhtb npn- 
mejiB vh TO pasApaaseHHoe cocxoflgie, otb EOToparo ocbo6oahj[Ch> 
cjiyman pascKasB A^BymKH. BjiAHaa A'^Bymsa cpaay san'^THjia 
CTpaHHyH) nepeM'^ny, cjiEy^HBoiyiocH cb be co5eciAHHK0MB, koto- 



put, KaaajiocB, eotiepmewio m6u» o6^ m Qjarnno^trnM; oaa 
TOiiuco DeperjMHyM^j^ co cTjAeHt o», go w eKnafua Hageio. 

B&vMMjn BA 6p9LTMn, enpwKb ican pasi notiiaji^ mo* 
xeBrb, BorAa roeaoA^n Wk 6MfS9kW npsRa^aarb Jiaseio noAaib 
eryn au ero j^HJiWApa. To, xao o», ciiaKyH nsepi, esH- 
jcan ry^iu is BTWBUjrb moKs h aaiB:^ ocroposBO eraBRjift 
pioMsy aa erojrb, to, ntn> phi xepsan dry qaniKy 
AByic^ JIlUlE»^alCl B aaffb ohi naxi^HBO boabocbu n ry- 
<$airb lUHl^e a Easrb n«ji^ ero Maji(^m»KBMB pjiOTKaMa, exBa iq>B- 
Kacaacb ie& winir6, h 10, saicB xopqajiH opa arom ocrajibHue 
Tpa naj^aa, m vo, Bas^ ob% otbbaubbacb na cnsBEy cryaa, 
Kaicb saKjiaAUBaji'b 6oj[Buioft najieu'b Jtieoft pysB noAi» wuniKy, 
sa »fljerb, b 70, Kan ob7» vrpan cbo6oabubb BaAbuaaiB 9Toft 
pyica, H TO, KaicB obi Mpy» aI^uji'b eepbesBoe jbbo, qxotfu 
saTiia npucByvB rpoBEBii^ cwbxowb^ ace wo tfuAO aoAMt^eso 
fl ycqBTaao crapBKOirb b AaJio o6aibByio BB^y en> uo<SBUifB 
qyBCTBaMi Kb oCobbb 6paTbHirb. 

— IIocMOTpflTe fla BTflrb rocnoxi>l— CBasajrb obi A'^ByniEi, 
sairfcTBBB BaKOflei^, hto oaa CMorpBTb Ba Bero b xffirh o6i>flCB6- 
Bift. — Raicb TOJibRO npflinejrb noisAB, obb TOTqaci se pacuojio- 

aCBJIBCb 06iAaTb B AO CBXI nopb CBAHTb, ^AHTb B flblOTb... 

AiBymica yjiu6Byj[acb. 

— BaiTb cMimBO, — npoAOJisajrb CTapBRi,— a iieBB BOSMy- 
fl^aerb bto caMOAOBOJibCTBo, dxo caMoyBipoBBoe aarjioe qpeBO- 
yroAie. 9 bo iiory BBA^Tb dioft CBfln^eBBOft BpoBBKBOBeBBOCTB 
seoyAoqBUMB on^yn^eBiHMB... IIocMOTpBTe, qocbotpbto, obi> Aaase 
rjiaaa saEpBiBaerb, EorAft THserb b3i> pioMsa jiBsepi. Ecjib 6u 
a AftJn> BOJCH) MOBM% qyBCTBaMi>, a noAomejrb 6u Kb Bmwb b cna- 
aaiB 6u KWh soS-qTO. 9 BUTaotBjrb 6u bxi oicioAa.*. SI Bop- 

XflJTb 611 EXb q6pBUM% XjA60Wh (Tb BOAOft... 

— He roBopBTO TasB rpoMKO, — nepeOajia ero A'^Bymica b sa- 

CMiHJiaCb*--BBI Kb BBBB BeCapaBOAilBBLI. PaSBi BU Be BBABTO, 

qTO 9T0 BecqacTflue TpyseBBKB... Obb A'&Jiaiorb pa6oTy BBsony 
BeBysByH). Moserb jib Cmtb qTO Bfl6yAb xynce dToro. IIoAy- 
iiafiTe, CEOJibKo OBB xpyABjiBCb eeftqacB. Caaqajia bmi> BysBo 
6bijio otfcyABTb B cocTaBBTb MeBH) o6tAa, a pasBi CA^Jiaxb dio 
xaKb JierEo? SarfiBB, bmi> ayssBo 6ujio sposeBaTb b nporjiOTBib 
Bce BTO orpoBBoe BOJiBqecxBO bbii^b b BaaaTEOBi... A BoepeAB 
BM'b eqe BpeACxoBTb cjiosbuS npoi^ecci QBn^eBapeBia... 

BjiibABafl A^ByniEa Be oEOBqBjia CBoeft saa^BiBTejibBoft pi^qa, 
noTOMy qTO pasAajiCB bbobobb. Ki BOEsaiiy boaxoabjeb a^bbo 
osflAaoMuft floisAB. Bet BaccaBcapu, CBAtBinie Bb pasaux'b 
yrjiarb, BApyrb sacyeTajiacb, sacflioifljiB a, CMimaBniHCb Bb oAay 
Eyqy, ycTpeMBjiacb eb ABepnicb. CiyAeBTB a A'^Bymsa Tasse 
BCEoqajia b no6:&saJiB BaepeAB, qTo6u Baftia DoyAotfaie BicTO. 
TojLbKo 6paTbH cboeoSbo CBA'ijia sa ctojdiom^, AoaaBas JiasepB 

M 4; OixiB L $ 



82 P7CCX0E BOrATCTBO. ^ 

H Ko^e, ji,^ CTapMKi^, flJUUH HatfjDoxEBmift sa hhmh, laxse ocTa- 
B&jicfl Ha caoeiTB irficTi i, touo owposaHHiift, ho uon OTop- 
BaTLCH orb BBi^. HasoHei^i, nocjri sroporo SBOHKa (JpaTBA, h6 
cdf^ma, BumjiE wh oo^y. TorAa h crapan nomejb 3a hhhh. 
U OBii CHOTpiljr&, E&Ei» OHH mjui, conpoBosxaemie XByMH ho- 

CMAhUXEKhUW, H B03WyniajlCfl MeXJOrejIBHOCTBH) HX'b HOXOAEH* 

Rorjia OHH bohije 9b Barovb nepBaro Kiacca, CTapHsy xort- 
jQCb en^e BarjTHHyTb na hhxb Hb okho. CrpaHHufi bh^b npex- 
CTaan^jTB HSik ce6H aron cxapHirb na BUCOEHrb, tohbhx'b ho- 
raiii, Bh KopotEOMb naATO,' cb sajioseHHUint bi sapiiaHU py- 
BaMH, Korjia ohi>, cBHpftno HaxMypHBi crfiAUfl 6poBH, sarjuxu- 
BajTb B'b OKBO BaroBa. 

— rocaoAiiHi>, boSahto BiBaroHb!— CKasajTb eiiy Bonxyicropi. 
Ho crapHKb ne o6paTHjrb BHHHamH na 9th cjioaa h npo^oji- 
&aji> cTOJiTb Bosj'l oKHa. Ovb eABa ycnin BCKoqarb hi aaroHb^ 
yxe EorAa noisA^ ipoHyjicJi. 

E. raMe(l3epv 



IIoAeHtKHHKH. 



^yT& sanaxHOT'L CHiroirB Tajoorby 

^yTB BecHoft noB^erb, 
Bi cepwi ipycTHOMi h yciuoirb 

%0-TO po6KO spien. 
Po6ro spierb, pasABiiaen, 

KaRi noACH&KHHEi O&mft— 
GjiaxKO Ayniy onBJOtHaen 

Aponarb HecM^^Jiuft. 
EcTB Bi Hem zovb leh jdoCbbl Hesx^Heft, 

Kl lACESM.'b H CB060X^ 

To^HO zM^JDieM^b, jiacEot Benmeft 

Bee nojiHO b'b npnpoxi. 
KaojiH Cb Kpunrb) mypma, crpjsrca, 

Bbercfl BiTep'B bi osHa. 
B'b jiyjKH MyiHUA rjiflAflTca 

BeniHiucb TyH!b BOJiOKHa. 
MHCjra, HjBCTBa, — Bce B:b pasCpoxi* 

FpyXb n^eMHTb 6esi> 6ojm... 
Cepme Ri cYacTbX) h cBo6offl 

PBeroi noHeBOJii. 

A. M. Be/tfifon. 



PAKOCTH H rOPECTH 

BOTopas poAuacB vb HBnrerinBi TeveniH cBoeft mecTHxecflruATHeft pasHO* 
o6pa8HOftSH8HH, HO cvTTaji A^^TCBaro Bospaora, 5iua XB^Hajp^aTS jriT% npoerH- 
TyTBoft, moh pa«b saiiysMCb (npHvaicb q^lb% pasi aa cboexi 6paTom), xBi^ 
Ha^i^aTb lA'nb BopoBBoft, BOceHL arftrs, Bas% npecTynnio^a, bi cceuk^ b% Bap* 
rnoiB H, HaxOHei^'b, pa86oraTbBi», crajia shtl ^ecTHO h yxepia vb uoKaaHiB; 
rMEBoaHO HO OH v6iiyapaM% 

AaHlajieiirb jlfi^^o. 

HIUHOAHO Bl 1683 PQffT. 



XYII. 



fl Bosspaiuaiocb ki> peMecny BopoBiCH. — MeHH ouiiKfoMHo npuMeKaiorb Kk 
OTstTOTBeHHOCTH. — PfUiQ ci> HyniMmv. 

fl noflBJUfJiacB Bi pasjiEHHHX'B BHASx-B Ha yjmi^. OA%Tafl 
oneHb npocTo: Ha mh% 6eijio o6HEHOBeHHoe njtarbe cb CHHHifb 
^pTyROiTb H cojioMeHHafl nurHna, h HOirbcTHncb y ^sepeft ro- 

CTHHHHQBI Ha CeHTB-JHsCOgCB^Cipim. BoSJli dTOft rOCTHHHEI^BI 

o6uRHOBeHHO ocTaHaBJiHBajiHCB MSBomjiVA wh sapterax'b h kh6ht- 
KHXi, OTBOSHBmie nacouEHpoB'B Bi BopHen, ToipHj^sx h Apyrie 
6jiHsaftinie ropo^a; ohh co6HpaJD[HCB sa^cb BcerAa Kb Be^epy, 
Ko BpeM6HH orBisAa; nodTony cioAa hbjihjiocb icHoro nacca^sH- 
poB'B CB TiosaMH H CBHSRaicH, cnpamffBaH Toro WOL Apyroro hs- 
Bon^HKa, KOTopuft MOFB AOCTaBHTB Bxi icy^a ftsjuo HyjKHo; o6hrho- 

B6HH0 y AMpeft roeTHHHHItHt MOJKHO 6UJI0 BCipiTHTB TRJbKh HO- 

CHJiBntHKOBb HJm cjiysaHOK'B, roTOBHx:B no nepBOMy Tp66oBaHiH) 
OTHecTH Caraxii bi sapery. 

no cipaHHoft cjiyHaftHocTH, wh TO Bpeicfl, BorAa a crajia y 
ABepH rocTHHHHi^u, laifB yjRe cioajia Apyraa seHHpna, jROHa 
OAHoro HOCHJiBntHKa, npH Rapert, xoAHBmeft ao BepnoTa; dTa 
seHn^HHa cnpocHna MeHH, ne osHAaio jm a Rasoro HH6yAB nac- 
cajRHpa Bb BepnerB; a oxB^THJia eft, hto SAy cbok) xosjiftKy, 
KOTopaa oTnpaBJiHexcH bi Bepnen. 

Iibi npoBejiH Bi MOJi^aaiH nitoROJiBRO MHHyxB, KaKb BApyrB 



PAXOCTH E roracTH. 85 

890 fo nofsmph mod coc&XKy; jxoffL, oaa iq^ocua ueBg, ecJirH 
0yxrn^ etpmoMXh Kapery b% Bepaen, Torwcsb iH>ftTE sa set 
B^ nHMoft jifm%i X oxoTHO coraacuacB, b osa ymia. 

ExBa ona Kc^esjiay mxb hvb roexaBiaQpi einiuia xiBjoiRa 
c% peteHKom, ROTopaji, mixra ■ o&nBaacb noTWb, cnpocua 
icapery bi BepHen. SL teorpo csaBau el: 

— ' 3]sjbcby cyxapuHs* 

— Bii ooetDHie ops BepHorcaoft Kaposi? 

— ^a, KBJUlft KPJTby HTO BaiTb HyjKHO? 

— MA Bysflo jpsa Mtcra,— cxasaJNt oaa. 

— Aju Koro se, moa MHJiafl?— cnpocBJia a* 

— X^ ^oft ;i$BOHKB, — npomy BacB nocaxBTe ee bb Bapeiy, 
a a Boixy sa Moeft incTpBccb* 

— noTopoBBTecB Moft fpyrb,-- CKK3Mk A, — flsa^e BciificTa 

6jJiJTh SaHflTU. 

y x^ByniRB 6uJL% b'b pysax^b 6oj[baioft ys&irb^ a BOcaj^BJia bi 
Rapery pe6eBKa, roBopa: 

— Bu 6u xopomo CA'i^jiajiB, ecsB 6u ocraBBJui aiorb yseji'B 
B'b Kaperi. 

— Hftrb,— cRasaiia OHa, a 6ok>cb, ^to ero bio HB6yAb bosb- 
Merb y pe6eBKa« 

— Torfla, Aftftte ero UBb. 

— BosBBBie, - caasajia OBa, — bo kiAw ciobo, hto bh Cyxexe 

BBBtfaSeJIBBO CMOTpilB sa BBlCb. 

— Si OTBinaK) AsawaTBio ^yHTaMB, ecjiB sysHO, — CRasajia a. 

— Xopomo, BOSBMBTO ysejTb. Ob aiBMfl cjnoBaicfl osa ynuia. 
ExBa TOJiBBO osa cspujiacB bsii bbj^, KaR'B a Bonma bi bbb- 

HOMy AOHy, Tjijk 6ujia sesa BOCBJiBBpnca; TaKBBrB odpasoifB, ecJiB 
621 a ee BCTpiiHia raMii, to CKasajna 6ii efi, tto Bpsnuia otxbtb 

ySeJTB H BOSBBTB 06, RBRl 6yffr0 KB*! ByXBO 6lfJI0 RyAa BffTB E 

n Be Morjia oaRBAaiB cJiysaBKB; bo TaB's rbri a bo Banura b'b 
BBBBot soBU BOCBJiBfli;BRa, TO oTBpBBHjiacB sanBBie B BOBOpByjia 
Ba 7apTepi-xayci»-JieBi», BepeciRJia HapTepB-xayci-apffB, ^m6u 

BUfiTB Ba JIOBrB-JteBl, BOTOITB BpflBIJia B'B OFpftxy GoBTB-BapT- 
jteHB, OTRy^a bb JbrrjiB-EpBreBB b ^vpesi* BjnoROTB-xocBflrajrB 
Aomjua xo EBiorerB-CTpETi b BepByjiacB xoMot. 

^ecTB B8o6p'lTeBla boao6bux'b BoxosxeHit BpaBaxxesajia ae 
issbj BO OABOft KOBB^iB'i, BpaBTBROBaBmeft Bxi» CB ycnixoirB, b 
a B^CRoaBBO pa8i BoaBsoBaaacB bmr, xotb BBRorsa bo Boaropaaa 
Bxi* ABB pasa BoxB-paA'B vh oahomi b toitb ace wbcvb; b a^- 
CTBBTeaBBo, B'B ca'lAyH>n# paarb a CA'iaaaa tbroS xe onurB 
ORoao yaftTB-HaBeaBy bb yray IleTBBorB-JIeBB, Tjsjb CToarb rb- 
peTH, BAyn^la b'b CTpaTepaprB, Bay b bxi oRpecTBOCTB; bt> Apyroft 
pasTi a BOBTopBaa ero ORoao $aaflEBrb— xopcB bb BBTOBCi-FeTe, 
OTRyABBiTO Bpena OTBpaBaaaBCB RapoTU B'B Hoctob'b, spa stohb 
BB'b BcerAB yAasaaocB yBOCBTB cb co6oft RaRyiDBB6yAB AoOu^y. 



86 pyCGEiOE BOrATGTBO. 

O^Ha^g^ H cTSuia Ha MopcROMi 66pery icejKAy TOBapHHMH aM6a- 
paicB, EyianpiaxojquaiiipH6pesHiifl cyxE ct* c^sepa, urn HBioBecTJui 
Ha Tafiei, Ce^epjieHAa h ^ymi itIctl. EjiaatOBiu 6£UIH sa- 
nepTH, HO Kh HHiTb noAomejTb Mojuoxoft ^eJiOB'i^Rrb cb iracucoirB, 
evy EjJKHO 6iajio nojiyHETB sxics aiitHRi> h RopsHHy, npiiCira- 
iQle E8^ Hi»K)KecTJ[fl Ha Taftni. fl cnpocHJia, ecTB jni y Hero 
yBi;toiiJieEie na HHTb. Ohb noRasaJTB mh^ hhcbmO) no ROXopoHy 
HomHo 6£uio noTpe6oBaTB nocuJiRy, bi hhcbm^ snaujicfl peecxp'L 
Toeapa, ESiKOToparo a ysHaia, hto bi> iatn^nri^ naxo^HJiocB no- 
jioTHQ, a BB KopsHHi CTORJiflHafl Hocyxa. fl npomaJia, hhcbmo, 
BHHHaTBJrLHO ssatIthbi HMena oinpaBHTOJia h noiynaTOJUi, yB*!- 
AOHJceme h peecTpi; hotoitb a nonpocHJia MOJiOAoro ^ejiOBiKa 
npR^n saBipa yrpoiTB, lasB RaffB CM0TpHT6Jn» RJiaxoBHXi He 

06a3aH'L fiifTB BJ^CB HOHBK). 

Km-h TOJ]iiEo OHB ymejTB, a Cucipo Hanncajia hhcbmo, otb 
M. J[,soHa FnnapACOHa H8i» HBioBecTJifl kb CBoeny JuodesHOiiy 
ABOiopo;i;Hoicy fipary ^seiocH Koojtb, bb JIohxohb, KOTopmiB ohb 
yBi^oicjiiiA'B, qxo HiTB OTHpaBJieHO Ha TasoiTB TO Kopa6j^ (h xo- 
pomo saHOMHHJia Bci noxpo6HOCTH) crojrBKO to nrryRB TOJCTaro 
xojicra, cTOJtBKO lo nrryR'B rouaHACRaTO h TaRB AajAe^ OHHcaBB 
Bce, 1T0 saEjno^asocB bx an^HRi i bb RopsHHi cb xpycT&jiBHOft 
BocyAoft OTB ToproBaro AOMa Xohshjib; icapRa na smjsKb 1 . C. M^ 1, a 
ea KopsflHtrl a^pecB HOiri^nteHBHadTHReTiy npHBAsaHHOMBRBHeft. 

CiiycTJs OROJEO Haca, a ornpaBHJiacB bb RjiaAOByio h 6e8B Ma 
Ji'iflmaro eaTpy^enia noJiy^HJia bocb TOBapi*. oaho hojiotho ctohjio 

OKOJIO 22 $JHT0BB. 

Si 6u HOFJia HanojiHHTB jsjbxyio kbjstj OHHcamaMH hoaoShsxb 
noxoii^eflifij EOTopua BHymaiHCB mh^ Moeft eaceAHeBHOft H3o6pi- 
TareJiBHocTbio h Eoropua a coBepmaaa cb CoaBmoH) aobroctbio 
H BcerAa cb yciiixoM^B. 

Ho BaKoaei^B na Marb onpaBAaaacB nocaoBHita: noBaAHaca 
KyeinHeB no BOAy xoahtb, TaM% eMy h roaoBy caoacHTB; A:lflCTBH- 
TeaBHo, R noABaprasacB mhofemi onacHOcraMB, ROTopua xotb h 
He hh'Ijih a^h Hena poROBoro HCxoAa, OAnaROse oni CAknaan 

MOHJl ESBiCTHOfl H MM^aH HO HOCa'lAHeO SHa^OHie BB CMHCai 

MO^ npeciytiHocTH BOo6nie. 

Tenepb a craiia OA^aaTBca baoboA, BnpoHOMB 6es'b bchrexb 
ocoSeHHHx^ i^ijieft, a npocTO bb oacHAaniH RaRoft HnCyAB cay- 
qadeocTB; b^ tueomb naaTBi a nacro noanaaaacB na yaHi^axB- 

OAHasAH cjiy^naocB, hto b'b to BpeMa, RorAa a npoxoAaaa 
no KoBeeTb-FapAeHCROft yaHi^ly pasAaaca cnaBmift rphrb, cBopu! 
HopHli B'bpoHTHO, RaRie HH6yAB apTHCTti curpaan mryRy cb aa- 
bo^hhkomij, noTOMy hto hxi npeca^AOBaaH no o6iHMB cropo- 
HaM'b yjiHi^M H, KaRB roBopHan, uesmjx^ hhmh 6iiaa oAna acen- 
i^BHa BB xpaypi; botb noHOMy Bosai Mena CRopo co6paaacB 



PAJIOCTH H rOPECTH. 87 

TOJma H ofpjn 7TB6p;RA&Jin, ^qio ara seHn^HBa Bj a ;y)yrie roBo- 
pHJiH H'Irb. BftpyrL ko MHi nojifikBM!b npHRan^HSb JiaBOHHHRa 
H rpoMKO RJtflJicH, ^TO BopoBRa 6ujisl a* TaRHiTB o6pa80irb Hena 
cxBaiBJUi; HO, Korxa TOjma npHBaia M6Hfl ei jraBsi, xosahh'b 
npaMO saaBBJU'b, hto a He la seHH^HHa, soiopyK) ohi bh- 
j(|jrB, H xoT&i'b TOTHacb HOHa ornycTHTB; ho ;Q)7roft Ma- 
jiHft ci BaxHoeiiiio 8aM%Tiijrb: cIIoAoaiwiTe, nosa npimerb M... 
(APyi^oft npHsan^Bi), OHi ysnaerb ee». TaKHirB o6pa80]n> Mona 
saAepxajiH 6ojii»m6, ^intb na noju^aca. Ohh nosBajra R0HCTd6aa 
H nocTaBHJB ero npH irai, Kasi iiopeiiHaro cioposa; bi pasro- 
Bopi cb R0HCTd6jiie]n>, a cnpocHJia ero, r;^ ohi* sHBerb h iim> 
WHHMaeica; ohi», ho npexBHXfl) ^i^ cJiyTOTca hotom^b, CKasas'B 
:]fH% CBoe HMa H MftcToaKHxejibCTBO, HpH^ex'b myTa SaMtXHill, 
^TO a en^e ycjuimy ero mia, Borxa ohi oTBOAen Hena bi iiopbicy. 
Bca HpHcayra A^paico OTHOCHJiacB ko mh*! h ctohjio 6oi[Bmoro 
Tpyjta yxepacais bx'b m hb nosBoaaTb Shtb Mena; npasxa, xosaHHB 

^UXb CO MHOK) B&KJIHB'b, T^M^b He MBHie HO XOTlai OTHyCTHTb 

Mena, xoTa h coraamajica, hto a ne 6ttaa bi ero aaBsi. 

fl HiCKOJIBKO BOdBEICHJia FOaOC^b H Cb HyBCTBOITb 0CK0p6aeH- 

Haro AOCTOHHCTBa cKasaaa eiiy, hto na^^iocb, owb ne yAHBHxca, 
ecaH a noTpeCyio Cb nero yAOBaerBopeflia sa TanyK) otiH^y n 
npomy ero nocaatb sa mohmh ApysKaicH, cb i^bio BosciaHOBHTb 
HCTflHy. H'irb, CRasajrb oh^, a ne hh^ npaBa AonycTHib aio, 
H B£i Moaceie npeA'baBRTb Tasia Tpe6oBaHia, Korxa 6jn&se y cy^bH. 
BflAH| HTO a yrpoacaio eicy, ohi Hanaai Tose crapaTbca o tomi, 
HTo6u[ nocs^AHTb iiOHa bi HbK)reTi>. CKasaBi eny, hto lenepb a 
Bi ero pyRaxi, ho CKopo ohi> CyAen bi> mobxi, aoBaaxiaaco- 
6ofi H CAepsaaa rn^BHuft nopuBi>; OAHaso-ace a nonpocHaa soh- 
€T86jia noBBaib MHi npHBpaTHHRa, ^lo ohi» h CA^aorb; noTom 
a nonpocnaa a^tl mh^ nepo, nepHHai b 6yMary, ho ohh oiRa- 
aaaH URi vb d^oui>. fl cnpocHaa y npHBpaTHHRa ero HMa h iii- 
CToacHieabCTBO. Ohii oxotho oiB^THa^b; sa t%mi a nonpocHaa ero 
6mb CBBA^TeaeMi bxi o6xosAeHia co mhok) h otfiacHsaa, mo 
iiena saAepacaan sA^Cb nacHabHO m hto ohi noHaAoSarca irai 
Bi ApyroM'b Micxi h ho noacaaierb, ecaH padCRaserb Taifb Bce, 

HTO BHA^ai SA^Cb. npHBpaXHHR'b OTB^THai, HTO 0H1> OTb BCOFO 

cepAi^a roTOB'B cayjRHXb hhI. 

— Ho, MaAaicb,— npH6aBHa% ohi,— nosBoabie ycaumaib, hto 
ohh OTKasbiBaiOTca oinycTHTb nacb, hto6u a Morb noioirb Bnoani 
Bce o6i»acHHTb. 

ToFAa a otipaTHaacb Kb xosaHHy aasRH h rpoMRO CRasaaa eiiy: 

— Cdpi», Bu cosnaeie, hto a ne Ta oco6a, ROTopyio Bbi 
Hntexe, h hto a loabRO bt> nepBtift pas^b Bomaa bx Bamy aaBRy; 
floaxoHy a Tpe6yH), hto6h bu ne saAepsHBaaa Mena sA'bcb 6oabnie 
HaH oCiacHHaH npHHHHy Moero apecxa. 

3xoxi> rocnoAHHi, npHHaB'b xenepb 6oaito HaAifeHHbifi xohb, 



88 PFGCXOE BQTATGtBO. 

Hiu'h npe^A^f oCi^Bax^, yto owh He extoien hh toro, hh xpy- 
roro, noKa ho Haftx^n d^roro flyac^iTB. 

— npeKpacHo,--cRa8a]ia ^,— oOparacB n kohct86jiih) h npfl- 
itpaTEHRy^— BKi 6y;ceTe oCmaHH, rocnofla, noBTopfltB an diiOBa 
Bi> ^EpyroM-B Micrt, 

— J![a^ Haj[a&r&,^OTB#iajiii npEBparaHRi. KoHCTd6n xoaie 
6HjrE HeAOBDJieHi. noBeseBieMl xosaua jiaBRi h ctapajiM yOi- 
j^BTb ero oToycTETB xdHfl, TaR^b Bam 6itJ[0 acfio^ hto mha bsjuoi 
no omH6Ei< 

— MhjiocthbhA rocyAapB;— CBasan HacirtnuiiiBO xobbbhi, — 

ETO BH, MHpOBOil CJJpM, USB ROHCT86jIIB? fl OTXaJTB 66 BaiTL HOXb 

cTpa^y H noTOMy npomy saci: HcnanHJifiTe cbok) o6A8aHHocTB. 
HeMHoro esEOJinoBaHHHft R(mcTd6jEb ci xoctohhctboitl OTB^Haoii: 
^ Si maiOj capi, bto a « KaKOBu: moh o6fl8aHHOCTH; ho a 

coirHieaiocB, coaHaete jm bu xenepb to, hto xljiaeTe. 

Ohh nepeKeeyjiHCL en^e HeMHoniMH piasHMH cjiOBaMH, a mobe;^ 

TiMi* CescTUj^irBie h vb BHcmeft cieneHH narjue npHRan^HKB 

CTRJIH BapBapCKH o6xOAHT&CJi CO MHOfl, OXHHX H^ HHXl H HMOHHO 

TorB, KOTopiafl nepB£]ft apecTOBaJTB mohb, 06'BflBHJi'B, hto ohi xo- 
leT'L ofiMCKaiB Mefljs' H Hanajn mapHib no HHi pyicaHH. SI njoo- 
nyjia eny b^ jhuo h rpoMRO RpHRHyjia K0HCTd6jM[, npoca ero 
BEBMarejibHO saM'bxHTB, KaRi 06XOABTCA CO MHOft SA^CB. cfl npomy 
Baci>j MECTepi KOHciafin, cnpocHTB hmb aroro H6roAflfl>, npH6a- 
BBiia n, yKasusaji Ha Haxajia. RoHCXd^jn cx^iiajrb eny npBJiBH- 
hhA BuroBop'B, roBopH, HTO OHB HO noHHifaeTi, TTO A'^aen^ 

tSiKh KaRl. BMAHrb, HTO OFO X08BHHI» HO npHBHaOTl BO KEA BO- 

pOBKy. <H H 6omcb — A0(5aBHJrB rohct86j[b, ^0 eify npHA^rca 
oTBiiaTB, eon era JieAH AORaacen, rto ona h Tfjk jREBerb^ R la- 
ToiMi^ o6pa30M'B BUflCHHTCB, HTO OHB He la aReH^^raa, ROTopyio 
BH nn^exe*. 

— Moprb B03BMH, — BCRpH^aJii 6e8CT£iBrit BBxajTB, 6yABTe 
ys^peHH, ^TO 9T0 mceHHO la caMaa aeAH; h totobs npHCHrHyiB, 
TFO oQa Gujia y Haci vb jibbr^, b h cairb eft noRasuBaji'B nrryRy 
caTHHa, jvOTopyio yRpajiH; bu yCtABiecB Bi dioirb e^^e Jiy^nie, 
HOFAa EpBAyi*^ MRCTeprB BHJtBBMi H MHCTopi AnTOHlft (APFie 
npHKan^BKH); oen tothbci npHsnaiorB ee laRi ace, RaRi h a. 

B% Ty caMyio MHnyry, RorAa roBopnai btotb SescTHXift ne- 
roA^a, HBnjincB BniBairB h AnroHift h c:b hhmh Toana HapoAa> 
EHiciii CB BAOBofi, SB ROTopyK) MOHa npHHHMaJiH. Bd ohh 6£iaH 
bi> noTy B THxejio A^maaH; cb apocTHuifb lopaRecTBOH'B ohh 
Tan^iMB HeciacTHjio Kb xosanny, CToaBmeny bi rayOHni aaBRH^ 
H rpoMKO KpHiajiH: 

— BoTL aia BAOBa, cyA^P^- HaRonei^'B tbrh mm nofiMaaH ee. 

— ^TO BH roBopHxe? — cnpocnai xosaHHi,— y hbcb yate ecTB 
BAOBBj n M,.* yTBepatAaeTB, hto totobi npHcarnyrB bi tomi, 
^To 3T0 OHa.— Ton., Roro sBaan AnTOHieMt, Bospaanai: 



PAflOCTH H rOPBCTH. 89 

— M... Koa^dTb roBopHTb Bce> ^to eity yro^Ho, Bt npHcaraTb 
Bi> nem> yroAHo; ho eon Bain> jseHnvtHa h boti hto ociajiocb 
on Toro caTHHB, ROToptiS oHa yqpajia h ROToput ji Buran^irjiib 

B31» nOX^ ea lOfiOICl CBOHMH COOCTBOHBHlfH pyRHMH. 

TenepB a naqajia noneHHory npexoAHTb b^b ce6a; a tojibro 
yjni6ajiacb n ho npoHSHOcHJra hh cjoBa; xosaHHi uo6jiij[jaijrb, 
ROHcrafijuB odepnyjica ro uab h cmotp^jtb Ha Hena. 

— IlycTB A'^axxtx, hto xoTan, MHcrepi ROHct86jiB9 CRasajia 
a, H6 M'iniaflTe mrb. 

A^jio 61IJI0 acHOy n hhrto He mofb coMHiBaTBca. OciaBa- 
aoCB oAHo: nepexatB b:b pyRH R0HCTa6aa A^flCTBHteaiBHyK) bo- 
poBRy; ToproBein'B ohchb BisjuiBO CRasaji'B mb% hto ero chjibho 
orop^aen ara omH6Ra, ho ohi HaA^erca, tto a ne o6'BacHH) ee 
B% Aypsyio CTopoHy; Raac^Bift A^hb cb hhhh npoAiauBarorB no- 
Ao6Hua Ben^H, h norony nxi neaBsa ocyjRAaiB sa cjmmROM'B cy- 
poBoe o6xoacAeHie, wb BHAy acejiama BuacHHTB HCTHHy. 

— HeoCxacHaxB aroroBiAypnyiocTopoHyl— BCRpH^aaa a; ho 
KaR'B ace a o6'BacHio bi» xopomyio? Ecjih 6u bu Mena oxnycTHaH 
Bi TO Bpeua, ROPAa Bami napjiBifi 6e8A%aBHHR'B, apecTOBasi HOHa 
Ha yaHi^, npHran^JTB ri BaHi h bu yBBA'i^H, tto a ne Ta 

^eBH^HHa, KOTOpyK) BU HH^eTe, TOFAa, 6UTB MoseTB, a H He 0611- 
acnajia 6fii Bamepo nocTynRa bi Aypnyio CTopony, nuia BiBBAy 
ri MHOPO^HCJieHHua npoA'inRH, ROTopua npaRiHRyiorB cb BanH; 
HO a He Mory nepenecTH Bamero o6xo3RAeHia co mhoS hoco- 
6eHHo o6xoacAeHia Bamepo cjiypn! 3a Bce aro a AOJtJRHa noay- 
OTTB yAOBaeTBopenie, h a ero noay^y. 

ToPAa OH'B BCTynna'B co hhoio bi nepepoBopti h o6xacHHa'B, 
^m POTOBi A^TB MHi BcaRoe 6aapopa8yMHoe yAOBaerBopenie, CTa- 
paacB ysHaiB ori Mena, nepo a noTpeCyio. fl CRasaaa, ^to a ne 
KejiaH) 6uTB co6cTBeHHmi'B cyABeft h hto saKOH'B onpeA'^nrB dTo; 
Mena Aoamnu OTBecTH b-b cyAlE», TairB OH'B h ycaumHrB, hto a 
CRasy. 0H^ . OTB^THai, ^to eHy srlrB BpeMOHs cefi^aci hath bi 
cyAi*, a HTO a Mory hath RyAa xony; saTiMi, oCpaTaCB Kb roh- 
cTd6aK) OH'B CRasaa-B, ^to totb MoacerB oTnycTHTB Hena, TaR'B 
KaR'B a onpaBAana. Ha aTO KOHCxaCaB choroAho OTB^THa^B: 

— Capi, cettnacB bu Mena cnpaniHBaaH, rto a, K0HCTa6aB, 
Han HitpoBofl cyABa; bu TpeCoBaan, hto6u a Hcnoanaai cboh 
odasaHHocTH, H HpHRasaaH mh% apecTosaTB aTy 6aaPopoAHyH) 
AaMy; ho TenepB a BHacy, hto bu coBcbwt ne noHHMaeTe mohxi 
o6a3aHHOCTeft, noTony ^to xothto hsi Hena cA'baaTB a'^Sctbh- 
TeaBHO cyABK); oAHaRO a oCasani cnasaTB Bani), hto aTo He b% 
Moefi BaacTH; a hitIh) npaBo no TpeCoBaHlio apecTOBaxB neao- 
piKa, ho onpaBAaTB ero MoacerB tojbro cyA^; bx aTOM-B h co- 
ctohtb Bame safiayacAeme, capi; TaicHiPB odpasoHi^, a o6a8aH'B 
OTBecTH ee bi cyA'B, npaBHTca-aH Bani) axo nan Hixi. 

Cnanaaa ToproBei^x A^pacaai ce6a CBUCORa cb ROHCxaCaeMi), 



90 pyccKOE BorATcrBO. 

HO ROHCTdfijIT He 6UJn> 06HBH0BeHHHft HHfiOBHHKIb, a HeJUOB^K'S 

cocTOATejibHufi, H noTOMy He xoT&n> OTCtyaHTbCfl otb cbohxi 
o6fl8aHHOCTeft; ohi OTKasajicfl ocBo6oAHTb mohh npemgfi^ ^iwh 
oneffiTh K'b cjihij na aroirb HaciaHaaJia h a, h uoroicy Topro- 
Beiii CKasajTb: 

— Xopomo, seAHTe ee Ky^a Bam yroxHO, mh^ xe ne^ero 
efi 6oJihme CKasaiB. 

— Ho, cdpi,— CRasan K0HCTd6jQ[b, a Hs^iiocB, no bu nofl- 
xere ci HaMH, laici Rasi Ji apecioBajrb aiy m/ji no sameiiy 
Tpe6oBaHlio. 

— H4tb, Htrb, — OTBtiajTB Top^OBe^^, noBTopaio, mh* HOTOro 
6ojiBni6 CRasaib efi. 

— HsBEHBTe MeHH, Cdp'L, HO dTO Heo6xOXHMO B'B BaOIHX'L HH- 

Tepecaxi, sl npomy nacx o6i aTOirb; Cesi Baci cyAU ptmHiB 
A%jia He MOjRen. 

— EcjiH BaMi yroAHO, Mofi jipjrby OTnpaBJiHftTecB no cbohitb 
xiJiaMi, — cicasajii JiaBOHHHK'By — enie pasi hobtophh), hto ho 
Hir&K> HH^ero CKaaaTB 3Toft JKenn^HHi h HMeHeMi Ropojia ipe- 
6yK) OTHycTHTB oe. 

— Gapi,— CRasajii rohct36jib, & BHsy, bu He snaere, ^to 
TaKoe R0HCTd6jiB, H npomy sacB, ne sacTaBXH&ie Mena npsSi^r- 
HyTB Kb CTporHMi nibpaMi. 

— Bee paBHO,— OTBt^aJTB ToproBe!^!*, bu b TaRi ohohb ciporH 

CO MHOfi. 

— HiTby capi, a ne 6£IJii CTporB Ch aaifH: bu napymaJiH 
o6ii^ecTBeHHoe cnoROftcTBle, npHB^a cb ymufii ^ecTHyio sen- 
n^BHy, ROTopaa mjia no cbohmi s^jiairB h ROTopyio bu ss^ep- 
jRaJiH B'B JiaBR%, nosBOJuaa cbohh'b cjiyjsantHirB Aop^RO h naroio 
otixoAHTBCfl Cb net, h bu en^e roBopHie, hto a CuofB ciporB Cb 
BauH* fl Ayuaio, HanpoTHBi, hto a A'^ficTByio cjiHrnRoifB cjia6o, 
He npHRaauBaa sairB, HiieHeirb Ropojia, cjrlxoaaTB sa HHoft h ne 
npHrjiaaiaa JiioCoro npoxoacaro aBHTBca cioxa h ORasaxB mh^ no- 
Mon^B OTBecTH BacB cHJioft RibcyxBi^; BorB Hero bu ne SHaere i 
HTO a Huiio npaBo c^biaTB; tIitb ne MeHie, noaa a ne non- 
eyiocB aTHMi npaaoirB h en^e pasi npomy Baci: HAHie sa KHoft. 

IlecMOTpa Ha Bce 8to, jiaBOHHHR'B oTRaaajica hath h cran 

rOBOpHTB A6P30CTH ROHCTdfijIK). OAHaRO, nOCJitAHlft HpOAOJISaJtl 

6uTB caoRofiHuiTB, HO BUXOAa HS'B ce6a; tofae ^ BnlmaJiacB h 
CRaaajia: 

— MacTepi KOHCiaSjiB, ocTaBBxe ero bii noRoi, ho 6oflTecB, 
a naftAy cpeAcrao BUSBatB ero b-b cyA^; a noaa oSpaiHie bhh- 
MaHie botb na aioro MOJioAiia, Roiopuft naSpocHJiCH na xena bi 
TO Bpena, RorAa a MHpno npoxoAHJia no yjiHi^ Bu cam 6ua 
CBHj^TeaeMi ero Aep3Raro ofixosA^Hia co MHoft h noToiry noa- 
BOJiBTe npocHTB aaci otbocth ero ri> cjubi. 



kk. 



PA;I,0CTH H rOPECTH. 91 

— Xopomo, MajaiTB, — oTBiHajri kohctbCjib h, o6pamaacB ki 
BTOify MajiOMj, OKb CE^pajn: 

— noftAQMi, HOjioAOfi HejioB%Ki», BU oCasaHBi on^AOBaTB sa 
HaMH, H fl HaA^iocB, HTO Bu HHa^e Ay^aoTe, h'Ih'b Bam'L xoshhetb, 

BJHaCTH R0HCTd6jia. 

MoJuoAoft ^oJiOBiRi Cb BHAOtf'B nofiicaHHaro Bopa nonaTHJicH 
UBSfiKb H nocMOTp'&jrb Ha CBoero xosaHHa, EaR'L 6&i npoca y 
Hero 8an](HT£i; nocji%AHift 6ujrh nacTOJibRO rjiyni, hto Ha^aJTB 
HOon^paTB ero Kb conpoTHBJieHiK), h A^ficTBHrejiBHO bi to apeMa, 

KOFAa ROHCT36JIB XOT^JTb CXBaTHTB MOJIOAOFO HeJIOBiRa, 0H1> Ha- 

Hajii OT^HBaTbca otb nero; TorAa R0HCTa6jib^ CBaJiHBi ero Ha 
seMJno, RpHRHyjii na noMom^B; MrHOBOHHO JtasRa nanojiHHJiacB na- 
POAOMI; H ROHCT96JIIB apocTOBaji'B xoaHHHa, npHRasHHRa H Bcixi 
ero cjiyacan^Hxx. 

nepBUlfB AypHUMl CJI^ACTBieM'B 3T0ft CyHaTOXH 6uJi0 TO, HTO 

jROHotHHa, yRpaBmafl bi jiasRi Toaapi, CRpuJiacB bi TOJinii, 

BM^Cri CB AByiLfl noftHaHHUlCH HyaRHHHaHH. BbUIH JIH AfcftCTBH- 

TejiBHO dTH nocji^AHie bhhobhu bb Rpa»t, a ne iiory CRasaTB. 

fii to jRe Bpena b% jiaaRt co6pajiocB imoro cocbffiAy eoto- 
pue, ysnaai aecB xoa'b a'^a? o6i>acHHJiH Jiaao^HHRy b y6ijvisivi 
ero Bi TOMi, hto oht* 6ujrB ne npaBi, TaR'B hto HaRoneifB ira ao- 

BOJIBHO CQOROftHO OTHpaBEJIHCB Wb CyAB'b, Bl COHpOBOJRAeHiH 
TOJIHU, COCTOHBineft HO RpaftHeft ir6p\H8l hath COTB HeJlOBtRl). 

BcK) Aopory a cjiBimaJia, KaRB oahh cnpamHaaJiH, hto 3to TaRoel 
A Apyrle oTB'bHaJiH, hto Jiaao^HHRi apecToaaaiB aicicTO BopoBRH, 
KOTopyio noftMajHH hotoitb, 6jiaropoAHyK) JidAH, h TenepB 8Ta JiaAH 
apecToaaJia bi cbok) onepeAB JuaaoHHERa h aeAerB ero Bb cyA'B. 
Bth cjioaa hphboahjih Bb CTpamHuft BOCToprB TOJiny, ROTopaa 
HocTOflHHO yaejiHHHBaJiacB, MHorie, oco6eHHO sohh^hhu, RpHHanH: 
cTa* btotb HJayrB? Pa* JiaBOHH»Ri?i 3aTiicB, yaHAa ero, oh% cb 
RpHKaMH: cBOTB OHil BOTB ohb!», saCpacBiBajDi ero rpa3BK);TaRi 
Hu nmir aobojubho aojox), noRa HaRonei^B JiaBOHHHRB ne nonpo- 
CHJiB R0HCTa6jia BsaTB Rapery, ^to6bi HsCaBHTBca otb btofo c6o- 
pHH^a. EapoTa 6iuia noAana, a, rohct86jib, JiaBOHHHR'B h ero cjiy- 
acantie cijni bi nee h noixajiH. 

KoFAa Ku npl'ixaJiH r'b cyAB%,— dTO Cuutb CTapuft asohtjib- 
ueub B^ BjiyMc6epH,— to rohct86jiib nepauft hsjiojrhjib eny cyn^* 
HOCTB Bcero A'^fti noTOMB cyABa o6paTHJica ro mh6 h cnpocajiB, 
HTo a HHiio CRasaTB? IIpejKAe acero ohx noTpeCoaaJTB o6b- 
acHHTB, RTO a H vjsjb jRHBy; imi 6ujio ohohb nenpiaTHO HasaaxB 
CBoe HMa H noTOMy a hooxotho o^BaaHJia eny, hto icena soByrB 
MepH ^JiBHAepcB, HTO a BAoaa h Mofi nyacB, iiopcRoft RanHraHB, 
ynep'B bo apena nyreniecTBia b'b BaprHHlK); npa aTOiTB a pas- 
CRasajia eicy TaRia o6cToaTeJiBCTBa caoefi jkhshh, ROTopuxB ohb 
He MorB onpoaeprHyTB, npH6aBa, hto a lenepB aaay bb ropoAfe 
CB TaROft-TO AftMofi (a HasBajia Hifa caoeft ryaepHaaTRH) h npsro- 



92 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

TOBJuiocB Rx (mABKJ Bi AnepHRy, rxi Haxoxra cfl HMym;€CTBo iioero 
Mysa; ^o ceroxHJi & nonuia saRasaii xu ce6fl muoA Tiraypi 
H H6 ycn'&ia es^e boAth vb JiaBKy, Kara Ha Mesji HaSpocHJicH 
QTOTb Majodty (npH 9tovb SL yRasara Ha npiKaiQHKa) cb Taimo 
jipocTBK), ^TO H CTpaniHO HcnjrajiacB, nnoran^UTB irena vh jiaBKy 
K'B CBoeiiy xosHHHy. 3xba> xoaaBHi* jiaBKH, necuorpK na to, hto 
caHi xe H6 npHSHaiTB uensi sa BopoBsy, He noseraarb MeHfl or- 
nycTHTB H npHRasaii KOHcrdfijiR) apecroBatB* 

IIoTOirb fl npoxojiacajia o6ihchjitb cyAb'6, RaRBiTL oSpaeomb 
ueESL ocRop6ji^JiH Bci cjiysan^e bi JiaBRJ^, RaRi ohh ne hosbo- 
JBHJIH nocjiatB 8a mohmh xp^hsatHj RaRi npHBeoiH bi JiaBRy 
jReHD^HHy, ROTopaa AilftcTBHrejiBHO yRpajta lOBapi, cjhoboitb, h 
pascRasajia eny Bce so HejEBqaftnmxi non>o6HOCTeft. IIoTOirB 

R0HCTa6jIB UBJLOJKBJFb CBOe XkJiO; BeCB CBOfi paSrOBOp'B CI JiaBOY- 

HHROMX no noBo;^ uoero ocBotfojRxeHl^, HaRonei^, OTRan npH- 
RasHHBa cji-lxoBaTB sa hhmi, Rorxa h aroro norpeCoBaiia, hoa- 
cTpeRarejiBCTBa ero xoB^HHa, conpoTHBJieHie Toro h xpyroi^? cso- 
BOMB Bce, HeiTb Ji yjRO roBopHJia. 

SdiriWb cyABH BUCJiymaorB noRasanie jraBo^nsHRa h ero npn- 
Kaa^HRa. JlaBO'VHHR'B CRasiui'B no hcthh^ AintHHyio pi?B Ha TOMy 
TOMB, RaRi OHH osceAHeBHO HOABepraR)TCA 6oJiBmoft noTepi otb 

BOpOBl H HOmeHHHROB'B, HOSTOMy HlfB BCer^a JierRO 06MaHyTBCfl, 

H Rorxa OTRpujioCB ero 8a6jiysAdHle, to ohb 6£iJrB totob'b tot- 

qaCB OTHyCTHTB MeHfl, H TaRB ffiJ^. 

^ro Ra^aeTCH HpBRan9iRa, oh% hh^'b vajio ^ro CRasaTB, Rpoirt 
Toro, ^0 Bcb cJiyjRan^e yRaauBajiH eiiy na hohji. 

no OROHHanlH STHX'B xonpocoBi, cyABH npexAe Bcero J!K)6e3HO 
oOiflBHJix MH*!, HTO a CBo6oAHa, H ^0 OHB Ob coxsminlekb bh* 
AHTB, HTO npHRan^HR'B 6ujrb Hajio ocMOTpHrejueHB npH cbooitb 
rop^neM'B npecjsiAOBaHlH h TaRHHB oCpasoirB npHHHJii HeaHBHyio 
oco6y sa npecTynHHiiy; tto ecjiH 6u ohi> hotomi He ocirfaJUHJiica 
HenpaBHJiBHO saxepjRaTB neH^, to sl naBipnoe npocTHJia 621 OHy 
nepBoe 0CR0p6jieHle; tto bo bcaroitb cjiyqai ohb ho bi> npaBi 
xaTB UEi Apyroe yAOBJieTBopenie, RaRi tojibro o6iaBBTB eHy 
ny6jiH^Hufl BBiroBopii, ^to ohb h CA'i^jiaetB; ho oh'b npeAHOJra- 
raeTB, "ito si BocnoaiBsyiocB BcfiicB npaBaMH, npeAOCTaBJifleMHMH 

HH'6 SaROHOHl, H HOdTOHy 0H1> OfiflSOTB BCkTb HpHC^IOfi. 

%o JKe Kacaerca HapymoHla o6ntecTBeHHaro cnoROftCTBln, — 
AodaBHJi'B OHi), — TO B'B dTOiTB oTHOHieHiH H tfory AaTB BaMl noji- 
Hoe yAOBJieiBopeHie, OTnpaBHBi o6BHHHeMaro bi HBioreTB eaco- 
BepmeHHoe bmi nacHJiie naA'B BaHH h K0HCTd6jieirB. 

JI^ificTBHTejiBHO, oHii 0TnpaBHJii> npHRan^HKa bi Tiop&My, a ci 
xosHHHa BSHJix A^He^Hoe o6e3neieHie, h SB^rbwh mh ynuiH; a cb 
yAOBOJiBCTBieii'B BHA^Jia, KaRi> noASRHAaBmaa HacB TOJma BCTp'6- 

THJia HX'B*060BXB CBHCTRaMH H THKaHBeifb, 3a6paCfiIBafl ROMRaHH 

"pasH Rapety, bb Roropyio ohh boibjib; sarlMB h OTnpaBHJiacB AOMoft. 



1 
PAJ^OCTH H rOPECTH. 93 

RoPAa nocni aroft boshh ji npHnua jsi> ce6^ h pascsasajia 
Boe Moett pysepHaHTK%9 oea aa^ajia ciciflTBCfl nni npano si 

— OT^ero sairb Beoeiso?— cRaaajia a. — Bca era Bcropia He 
TaRi CMiniHa, Easi bu sooCpaasaere; yBtpaio sacb, a (Jifiuia CTpanmo 
Hanyrasa maftEOft dTflzi HeroAHUXi» luiyTOBi. 

— Hvo a cifiiocb?— OTBiuaa Hoa pjBepHaHTKa. — SI cbc^^iocb 
noTOMy, Ana Moe, no, ecaH bu cbjview Bsarbca sa A^ao, to 
Ha Bamy jumjo BUHaaa raRaa Ao6uHa, Rasaa Bairb ne HonaAa- 
aacB BO BCK) Bamy jkhshb. £[ oCin^aH) Ban's, ^to bu daciaBHie 
synita sanaaTHTb 500 ^ynroB's npoiopeft h y6tiTK0B'i», ne CHHTaa 
Topo, HTO BU en^e Hoseie Hoay^HiB cb epo npHKan](HKa. 

Ho y Mena aaHJiHCB ho STOiiy noBOAy coBepmeHHO xpyrui 
cooCpaseHia; a o6i>aBHJia CBoe Hica MHpoBOKy cyAbi^, a a ssaaa, 
TTO OHO 6ujio xopomo hsb^tho cyAy npHcasHuxi* h j^yvBWb 
npHcyrcTBeHHUHX iiicTairb; a 6ujia ysipeHa, hto, ecaH aio a^o 
AoftA^rb Ao nytfjniYHapo paaSHpareaBcxBa n npeAciaBSTca HaAoG- 
fiOCTB pascaixoBaTB Moe oGn^ecTBeHHoe noaoaseHie, to HHRasoft 
cyA'B He npHcyAHTi npoTopeft h yCiuTKOB'B oco6i c^ Tanoft hs- 
BicTHOCTBK), BaKi a. TiiTB HO icenie, a 6£uia auHyjcAena HanaTB 
^pMaaBHitf npoi^eccB; nodTOMy Moa pyBepnaHTKa npiHCKaaa 
crpaoiapo, Koropuft bojeb (kMiBmia fjiji^ h noaBSOBaaca npespa- 
CHoft penyTaqleflf; bi dTOiTB OTHomeHiB ona 6uaa ooBepmeHHo 
npaBa, h6o, ecas 6u a no^pyuaa Aijo sasoiiy hs6jab upofiAOxi- 
KpioTROTBopy Has ^eaoBtey Maao nsBicTHOicy, to a noay^Baa 61^ 

OieHB HeMHOPO. 



XVIIL 
fl BUHrpfaiBaio npOM0ccB.— 21 o6RpaANBaio A^yxB MaiieHbUMXB ^eAM. 

H TftKB, Mu HaniaH CTpan^aPO h a coo^qiiaa eny uck 06- 
CToaTeaBCTBa xkid^ ohb ysipHa'B Mena, hto bi dTOHi Aijii ne' 
iioacera 6mh Bonpoca tomii, ^to6u cyA'B ne npHcyAHai» 6oaB- 
Hjopo Boaaap]MUKAeHia sa npoTopH h jCutjch, h TaKHMB o6pa30H'B, 
CA&iaBx Msb HisoTopua HacTaaaeHia, ohi* naiaai npecaiAOBaHie 
MOBTO synijia, RoropBift, 6yAym apecToaaHB, BnecB saaopi h lepesB 
HicsoaBRO Aseft saaBsai eiiy, no owb seaaeTi orohhhtb ji^o 
MBfM^fB; owb oCiiiacHBurB, ^to ace npoHSoniao, Gaapog^apa epo 
HeciacTHOny BcnuaBHHBOMy xapaKiepy h hto a o^ohb pisRo h 

DAKOpfiHTeaBHO PQBOpHaa CB HHITB, HTO A^O eHy HOBOA'B HpB- 

BBiB nena sa BopoBRy, b npo^ee b nponee. 

Moft crpan^ oneHB aoBRO CToaai sa ueEn; ohi yB^pna^ 
epo, TTO a 6opaTaa BAOsa, Mopy cana bbctb a'^^o b jnuiio duii- 



94 PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

HHieJiBBux'b Apysefly BOTopue xoAaTaflcTByiorB sa Hena h koto- 
pue o6imflJiK Bce, jihiii& 6ii tojibro h na^ajia npecJiiAOBaHie^ 
roBop^, HTO OHH He noxajiiiorb h tuca^h (j^yHTOBi, jihihb 6ii 
oTOMCTHTb sa HaneceHHoe uni HecTepmitfoe ocRop($jreHie. He- 
p63T> H^ROTopoe Bpeiifl ouH CHOBa npHiiuiH Rb H6My cupo- 

CHTB, rOBOpBOTB-JUI OHl CO llUOft. OhI* OTSiHaSl, HTO rOBOpHiH 
H HTO H 60J1^ CRJIOHHa Rib IipHMHp6HifO, HilCB MOH XPyS^i KO- 

TopBie npiiHEMaiorB 6jih8ro ri cepjmj HaeeceHHoe Mwb ocKopfi- 
jienie h noxcTpeRaiorb MeHa se HupsTBCJi. Ilocjit jifinvEXh pas- 
roBopoB'L H coBin^aHift ohh HaRoneu'B ocTaHOBHjrncB saxxuft na 
CBoeft AH^pi, HO dTH i](H(]^pu Gbijih jif) TOFO AaJi6RH ofiHa on* 
jipyrofi, HTO He 6ujio HHRaRoft naAejRABi Ha corjiameme; TaRHin> 
o6pa80in>, neperoBopu 6iijih npepBanu h Ryneip» npeAnoxHJTB 
HasHaHHTB C0Bini;aHie jih^ho co MHOft, na uo HOft crpHnnlft 

OXOTHO COrJiaCHJDfCA. 

OKh nocoB^TOBajii HHi, BAflHa 3T0 cosin^aHie, xopomo oa^tbch, 
'ito6h Rynei^'B uorb yBBxiiB, hto ji h'^tto 6oJiBniee, hIh'b 
icasajiocB bi> to BpeHa, Rorxa oh-b MeHA apecTosaji'B. B% BH^y 
aroro, a Hai(6jia HOBoe noiyTpaypnoe luaTBe, sejiaa noATBep- 
AHTb CBoe noRasaHie y cyxBH o toitb, ^to a BAOsa. H laR'B, a 
oA'bjiacB TaR'B xopomo, RaRB MOserB offixBca BxoBa; hoa ry- 
BepnaHTRa Aajva MH'i npeRpacHoe xeM^ysEoe osepejiBe, ROTopoe 
saHURaJiocB 6pHauiiaHT0BiiirB saiiRoirB, 3to osepejiBe 6buio ynefl 
Bik. sajiorb; cCJpRy y MOHfl Bsdini Aoporle sojiOTBie nacti, laRHirb 
o6pa8oirB, & npeACraBJifljia coCot ohohb RpacHByio oco6y; a 
o6osAftJi&9 noRa mh% xbljou snaiB, tto ohh co6pajtHCB, h hotoitk 
HOA'B'bcajra Kb jipuj bi Rapert cb caoet ropHHHHOfi. 

Ror^a fl Bonma wb ROMHaiy, Rynei^B npHmen wb jAHBJieHie. 
Oh:b Bcraji^ h noRJiOHHJiai kh^, a e^Ba o6paTHJia na nero bhh^ 
Hanie h, npoftAfl mhmo, c&ia na iricio, yRasaHHoe irai hohitb 
CTpaniHiTB, TaR'B RaRB mi HaxoAHjmcB wb ero jipuik. Eorw wb 
c%jni, Ryneqi CRaaajrb mh%, ^o CHanajra ne ysnajii MeHa, npH 

dTOMl OHl HaiaJTB rOBOpHTB KEA ROmUaiMeHTBI. H OTBiXEJia, HTO 
a OXOTHO B^pK) STOMy H HOTOMy HBAli^By HTO OffB CjHeTb HHaHO 
OTHOCHTBCa RO MH%. 

Ohi cRasajTB, hto o^eHB co»ajiiierB o toitb, mto cay^HorocBy 
H npoAJiosHJii KB!b 100 ^yHTOBi H ynjiaTy cyxe6Htix'B Hsxep* 
jReRi; npH6aBa, tto RpoM% Toro, owb Hanipen^ noxapHTB Msfi 
npoRpacHoft MaTepiR na luiaTBe. H Tpe6oBajia 300 ^ynTOBi, nps- 
Hen HacTaHBajia, hto6h bto a^o Gsao nanenaTaHo bi raseri. 

Ha nocji^AHee ohi ne corjiacHJica he sa hto. HaROHei^B, 
6aaroAapa jiobrocth h yH^HBio Moero crpdnHaro, MOft otb^thhri 
corjiacHacaynaaTHTB mh% ISO^yHTOBi h nepnoe meaROBOe naaTBe^ 
H TaR'B, no coB^Ty CTpannaro, hu Kownann 9to a^^o, ofiasaBi. 
Ryni^a sanaaTHTB BosHarpaxAeme xooHy crpanneMy h yrocTHTB 
HacB xopomHM'B yxHHOiTB npH OROHHanlH CA%aRH. 



PAAOCTH H rOPECTH. 95 

RoFAa fl JiBBJiacB sa nojuy^eHieirB A^Hen, co iiHoft npiixajia 
Mon ryBepHaHTRa, OA^ian Kani jssRnESj h Tose npeKpacHO oa^- 
Tuft A^ceBTJiBHeHi, ROTopuft A^ajii BHAB, HTO yxa^cHBaerb sa 
MHOfl; B HasKBajra ero KyseHOii'by a Hami saROHHBRx HaMeRHyjiB 

BITB, HTO 310 MOft SeHEXl. 

EyneAB ohchb Jiio6e8HO npHHjeijrb aacL h aRRypaxHO saiuia- 
THJii Bce, HTO cai'iAOBajio no yroBopy; ara HCTopIa CTOBJia eicy 
200 (j^yHTOBiy ecjiH He 6oJiBine. IIpH nocjiijipewb HameMx cbe- 
AaniH A^o ero npBRasHHRa Cjihsbjiocb rb Roniiy h Rynei;i> nar 
^aJiB cBJiBHo npocBTB Hesji sa Hero; owb pascRasajnB, ^to btotb 
npHKas^ERB HM'&ii'B npesA^ C30K) JiaBRy, hto y Hero ecTB jRena 
H MHoro A^xeft H TenepB ohb coBepmeHHO pasopeHB, TaRB qxo 
He MoaReiB hhh^hb yAOBJueiBopHTB iieHH h fotobb na roji^haxb 
BiiHOJUBTB y iieHfl npon^eHle. 

RorAa mu cha^h sa ysHHOMB^ ohb npHBejii btofo ne- 
CHacTflaro, ROiopuft TenepB taRse npHSHaBajTB cbok) BHHy, rbrb 
npejKAe HaxaoEBHO HaHOCHJi'B hh% nocTUAHKJi 0CR0p6JieHlA; ohb 
BpeACTaBJSfljTB co6oH) npHifipi nojmofl hhbocth xsma^ ohb 6ujib 
xecTORB, Moryn^ecTBeHB h 6e8aKaJiocTeH^, RorAa CHJia 62iiJia na 
ero cTopoHi h lenepB hhsorb h hoaab, RorAa a BH^xa HaAB 
flHMB nojmyK) BJiacTB. OAHaRO jRe, a npepBaxa ero horxohu, 
CKasaBB eny, hto a npon^aio eiiy, ho sejD&io tojibro oahofo, 
mo6u OHB ymejiB npo^B. 

SaiiMB Ji OA'bxa onenB xopomee nxaTBO h nomxa 6po- 
AHTB no yxHi^axB^ ho MHi He npeACiaBJiraxocB HH^ero ao t^xb 
nopB; noxa OAHaxAu a ho Bonura bb CeHn-^aReiiCRifi napsB. 
Sa^cb a yBHA^a mhofo Hsanpux'B jubah, ryxBBnuxB no rxaB- 
Hoft axxely H MeoKAy hhmh A^BOHxy, xiiB AB^BaAitaTH hjih Tpn- 
HaAiiaTH, ROTopaa xoAHJia cb Apyroft A'^BOHRoft, xiiB AeBaTH, h 
a Aynajia, tto dio ea cecrpa. Ha CTapmeft a saniTHJia Soraiue 
BOxoTue ^acH h xeHHysnoe osepexBe, cb hhmh 6tixB XHBpeft- 
Hiift xaxeft, HO oflB, no npHHBTOMy o6uHaio, ne xoahxb no axxei, 
H a BHA^xa, RaRB ohb ocTanoBEXca y BxoAa, npHHeiiB ciapmaa 
A^BOHRa npHRaaaxa eiiy oxcHAaiB hxb sa^cb. 

ycxuxaBB, HTO OBH oTHycTHXH xaRoa, a noAomxa Kb Heiiy 
H cnpocHxa, rto TaRaa xaxenBRaa xbah? IIotomb xaxo-no-iiaxy 
a pasroBopHxacB c:b bhmb, Ha^axa xBaxniB crapmyio, yAHBxa- 
xacB ea xpacori, npeRpacBHMB ManepaMB h yM^HBio A^pxcaTB 
ce6a TaR^ CRpovno h cepBesno, RaRB 6yAT0 ona 6Hxa Bspocxaa 
jieBn^HHa; axon AypaRi pasBicHXB yniH h pascRasaxB mh%, hto 
ona AOHB capa Toiiaca 3cceRCRaro h HMieiB 6oxBnioe cocroa- 
Hie; HTO ea MaTB en^e ho npiixaxa b:b ropoAB h A^BOHxa xch- 
BeiB Cb xeeHofi capa BnaxBaHca b'b ea RBaprapi na Cy^^^oxBRB- 
CipHTi, sai^MB 0H^ nepeAaxB MB-b mbofo ji^yrEX'b noApo6Ho- 
cTet H MeacAy npo'iHMB CRasaxB, hto y hhxb ecTB ropnHHBaa, 
RxioHBHi^a, HTO OHH A^P^aTi* xapeiy, Rynepa h ero, hto ara Ma- 



96 PyCGSOB BOrATCTBO. 

jieHBRafl mjsfi Bejsfivb ce(5a xaicme fopomo AOMa, vslkl 8x$cb; cjio- 
BoiTB, A co6pajia orjb nero wi ce'Ia'^hI^, Raxta Msi (ujui ^ysHV, 

H 6HJiia oHeHB xopomo OAibxa b xaigse, KaR'b 0£(a, Hir^ia npji 
ce6i sojLOTue ucu, HxaK'B, ocTaBA jiHBpeflHaro ^aEea, a aa- 
npaBHJiacB bi xy cxopoHy, rA% 6ujia uosi mjgiLy h cxajna noAaca- 
AaxB, noRa oni, BepHyBmHCB HasaA'B, He noAO&Ayx^ m uffk; JunniB 
xojiBRO m nopoBHHAHCB, fl noRJiQHHJiacB iw'hf HadBaB'B cxapinylo 
ea HH6Hein>, jedah BexxH. & cnpocHJia ee, hxo ona cjiuxajia ofo 
oxu'i, ROfAa Bepnexca bi ropoA'B ea naxB e RaR'B osa Boo6ii](e 
noacHBaexB. 

H xaRi> APy^^c^ii ^ CB060AHO pa3cnpamHQa^a ee Bceft 
ceMBt, Hxo y Hefl He ocxajiocB hh Hajrbflniaro couwbuiH bb mohicb 
caMuxi 6JIH3RHXI oxHomemaxB rb hhitb. 51 C0pocHjra» no.^eMy 
osa BuixaJia ryjiaxB des'b MHcxpaccB ^ai^Mi (hzb rjuo^hhiiu), 
xaRi Hxo eft npHxoAHXcfl caicoft cicoxpixB sa HHCxpHCCB K)ah$b, 
ea MaJieHBROft cecxpolSt. IIpii 3xohb a nanajia AJ^HHHHtt pasroBop^B 
HO HOBOAy w cecxpu; a BocxHotajiacB Rpacoxoft icajieHBROft jidAH, 
cnpamnBaJia, yraxca-JiH ona no ^paHi^rscRH, h B0o6ime roBopHAa 
HMB xuca^y juo6e8HOCxefty RaRB BApyrB noRaBaaHQB rBapAefli](u 
xojina 6pocHJiacB cHOxpixB B^isAib Ropojia bb IlapjiaMeHrB. 

JlfiMu nodixaJiH no ajuei jb a noMorjia Momn» jibah ycxoaxB 
B08Jit orpaAU no OAHOft cxoponi axofl ajuten, hxo6u ocxaxBca na 
BucoROMB wbcThy oxRyAa Bce 6ujio bha9o; a Bsajia HajieHBRyK) 
jiBAa H noAHajra ee na cbohxb pyRaxB; tfesAJ ^ii^ ^ nocxapa- 
jiacB xaRB aoBRO cnaxB aojioxue nacH cb jisah BexxH, hxo ona 
He daifikxHJia axoro ]Sfl x^xb nopB» noRa xojma ne nponuiay h ona 
He BosBpaxHJiacB na cepeAHny aJuieH. 

H ocxaBHJia hxb bb ribcHpft xoani RaRB 6u enonuxaxx 
CRasajia: 

— MnJiaa jisah BexxH, CHoxpaxe sa Bameft cecxpoft. 

IIoxoMB xoJina Meaa oxoABHnyaa oxb hhxb h a CA'&iaJia bhab, 
Hxo axo usb o^eHB nenpiaxHO. 

Bb xaRHx^ cJiy^aaxB A^BRa CRopo npoxoAHXB h rgb RopoJiB 
npoiAexB, xaiiB Micxo ji^inhGTca. CBo6oAumrB, no no nyxH ero 
cjitAOBaala xooina ycnjiHBaexca h xicHHXca h a, nojiBsyacB axHirB 

MOMeHXOMB, OCXaBHJUa MOHXB HaJieHBRHXB adAH. CA^aBB CBOe 

A^Jio 6e8B BcaRaro nenpiaxnaro saxpyAHenia, a npoAOJi^RaJia 
xicHHXBca BB xoani, npHXBopaacB, ^xo xony bba^xb Ropoaa, 
xaRHMB o6pa80MB, a npo6HJ[acB BnepeA'B xoanu h Aomaa jsfl 
ROHAa ajiJieH, KopoaB ixajnB no HanpaBaeHiio r'b rjiaBHOny booh- 
HOMy mxa6y; a Bomaa bb naccasB, Roxopuft bb xo Bpeica ao* 
xoAHJnb AO raftiiepRexa, sa'I^b a B8aaa ROJiacRy h yfitxajia; a 
AoaaKHa cosnaxBca, ^xo HHRorAa ne Hcnoanaaa CBoero o6in^aaia 
HaB^cxHXB JI3AH BexxH y ea pomxejueft. 

Ha MHHyxy y nena MejiBRHyjia mucjib ocxaxBca cb jibkr 
Berra ao xixB nopB, noRa ona saMixHXB, ^xo y nea ynpaJia 



PAAOCTH H rOPECTH. 97 

^acu, H saTibiTB BMicrl ch nefk noAHHTB Tpesory, OTBecTK'nx'B 
BT* KOJiHCRy, cicTb Cb HHira n AOCxaBHTB Hxi AOMOfk. MajieHBRafl 
jiidji;H 6ujia TaR'B OHapoBaea icaoft h TaR'B OAypanena nplHTHuicH 
pascKasaifH moemh o neft n o mohxii oxHomeHiax'B Kh ea poAH- 
TejiaicB, HTO SL Morjia ^aA%HTI»CH noBecTH A'^Jio Aa^^nie n naJio- 
jRHTB CBOK) pjEj no Kpa&Heft ifipi Ha ee anQMMjamoe^ KOJiBe. Ho 
ji pascysujiiay hto ecjiH pe6eH0R'B h ne sanoAOspnTB mohh, to aio 
MoryTB CA^ftTB xpyrie h ecJiH o6umyTB Mena, Tor^a a Cyay ot- 
KpHTa, noBTOMy a pimajia yfliH, jOBOJibCTByacB liirB, hto npi- 
ofipijia. 

IIosHce a cJiy^aftHO ysHajia, qTO icaaeHBRaa adsn, sairl- 
THBi, HTO y Hea nc^esjin ^acu, noAHajra b-b napRi rphrx n 
nocjiajra CBoero JiaRea posucRaiB noHa; ona onHcaJia nena cb 
TaRHiTB coBepmeHCTBOifB, HTO OH^ cpasy ysHaJTB, tto aTO 6Euia 
Ta canaa aReHn^nHa, ROTopaa CToajia cb hhmi bi napRi h aojito 
pasroBapHBajia, pascnpamBBaa o Bceft ceicB'i; ho a 6ujia a^jibro 
ropasAO paHBine Toro BpeiieHH, RorAa ona np&niaa rx CBoeiiy 
jraR6K) H pascKasaJia eiiy bto npHRJuo^eme. 

XIX. 
fl Bi MropHOMB AOMt. — MoM noxoHfAOHm no flpMapKaiii. 

nocjri^ BToro CO MHOfi cjiy^HJiocB Apyroe npHRjnoHenie, coBep- 
moHHO HHoro xapaRTepa, ^iMi Bce, hto cjiynajnocB ao chxi nopi; 
BTO npoHsomao bi HropnoiTB aom-I BOSJii Kobbhtb FapAHa. 

Sa^cb a yBHA'Saa mhofo napoAy; oahh bhxoahjuh, Apyrie bxo- 
AHJiH, a ace AOJiro CToaaa y npoxoAa Biricrt cb APyroft «eH^^H- 
Hoft, 6uBinefi co mhoA; MejRAy ApyrHMn a sairi^inaa oahofo 
AKeHTaBMena, ROTopuft BUA'^'^HJica cbohmh opiaTHUMH Manepaioi, 
H noTOMy, noAoftAH Kb HeMy, a CRasajia: 

— Capi, nosBoaBTB cnpocHTB BacB, nycRaiOTB TyAa aen- 
mHHi? 

— jia, MaABMi,— OTBi^aai ohi,— bh Moacere h nrpaTB tbitb, 
ecjiE noacejiaere. 

— ^a, a aceMK), capi,— CRasaaa a. 

Ilocjii aToro ohx npoAJiOKiurB npoBecTE Mesa, h a nomaa 

Sa HHITB Bl ABepH, SaiilfB 0H7> nOCMOTpijTB B-B ROHHaxy H CRa- 

sajTB: 

— Sa^cb Hrpaion, ecaa xothtb, Moaceie nonpo6oBaTB cna- 

CTBa. 

9 nocMOTpiaa Toace xyAa h, odpaxacB ri CBoeft ROMnanioHR']^, | 

CRasaaa: i 

— 3a6cb xoaBRo OAHH Myac^HHBi. fl He xo«iy pncROBaxB. j 
Bc% CHA^BOiie 3a cxoaoMx 6ujih onenB yqxHBEie jiioah b 

OAHHi Hsi BBXi, aceaaa o5oapbxb Mena, CRasaTB: 

H 4. OTAiai I. 7 



"98 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— IIodBOJibTe, MaAaMi, bh, Eaxercji, 66HTecb pHCRHytB oxea;^ 
iiH^ B€erAa 6£iBaeTB yxa^a, EorAa a Hrpaio cb JieAB; bu 6yAeTe 
CTaBHTb Ha MeHA, ecJiH He xejiaeTe cxasHTb na ceCa. 3fficB ffi- 
cflib rsHeft^ HocTaBbTe hxi sa MeHfl. 

$1 BSHJia A^HbrH H nojiosHJiay rjuiAfl na Hero. SI HCTpaTHJia 
UTb no o;^ofl h ho ab^ sa pasi, h RorAa CTaKaHi nepemejrb ki> 
MoeHj coc^Ay, Moft A^KenrjibMeH'b jifuvb vmi emfi AecaTb inHeft h 
BOJiiirb nojioamTb Hsi HHrb sa-pa^ai naib, a RorAa fi,7Biemjar- 
Mem», y ROToparo 6hun> ciaicaffb,^ Bu6pocHJi'b AGHbrH, to OEaaajiiocb, 
TTO Moft A^ReHTJibMeHi, KpoMi CBOHrb, en^e BUHrpaJTb naib niHeft. 
06oApeHHuft dTHirb, owb npocHjrb neHfl BSflTb craRaHi h nanaTb 
ciaBKy, HTO 61U10 doJUbmHiTB pHCROirb Cb ero CTopoHu; OAHaxo sl 
Aepsajia Tani aojito CTasaHx, hto Bboirpajia eny wb Aenbrn; 
MHOro niHeft jiexaAO Aase b% CKJiaAKaxi Moero nJiaTba; aio 6ujio 
vb Bucmeft CTeneHH yAanno, noTOMy tto owl Bzajn, ctojibro x^ 

HJDI BABOe npOTHBl TOFO, ^0 SL HOJIOJRIUia. 

TLocni 9Toro a opeAJiosHJia AsceHTJibiieHy Bsaib Bce sojuoto, 
TdR% Kas'b OHO 611J10 ero H A Hrpaia sa erp c^en, hohth h& 
noHHMaa wcfu. Ohb BacMtfljEca h CRasaJTb, hto npH uoem cna- 
CTbH pimHieJibHO Bce paBHO, yniio jih a HipaTb hjih nirb; ho 
A He AOiisHa ocraBJUTb arpu. Sar&irb ohi B^ajvb ce6i hht- 
HaAi](aTb rHHeft, a na ocTaJibHua npHRasajrb waA na^aTb CHOBa» 
fl xoT^Jia noRasaTb eiiy, CROJibRO y iceHH Aenerb, ho owb CRa- 
sajTb: «He naAO, ne naAO, ne roBopHre o6i dioifb, a B^pio bbt 
meft HecTHOCTH, ho roBopHTb o6i drrowb nejibsa, eio sna^HTb 
HCRymaTb c^acTbe>. H laRL & onsrh nanajia srpy. 

fl HrpaJia AOBOJibHO xopomo, xoxa h yrBepsAaJia npoTHBHoe^ 
H Hipajia o^eHb ocxoposHo; A'^^cTBHtejibHO bj> cRJuaARaxi iioero 
HJiaibfl ocTajuca nopaAOHHuft sanacb rHneft; ROTopua a nepeBeia 
B'b Rapnani, pasyMierca, TaRi jiobro, ^to ohi ne said^TSJi'K 
9ioro. 

SI HTpaJia OHeHb jifisro h onenb yAanno jiflo, nero, ho bi no- 
CJC^AHee BpeMa, RorAa a A^pacajiacTaRaH'b, nrpoRH CAlJiajm 6osh- 
myH) CTaBRy h a cirljio Merajia na Bce h Aep^Ka^a ciaRan'b ch 
CTaBRaiffl AO rbx'b nopi, noRa BUHrpaJia orojio BOCbHHAecaTfi rHneft; 
HO npH nocjriAHeft ciasRi a npoHrpasa orojio hojiobhhu; lorAa 
a HOAHajiacb n, 6oacb nponrpaTb see, CRasajia eHy: 

— Ilpomy Bacb, capi, npoAOJEacaflie lenepb caioi, uEcb Ra« 
serca a BUHrpaaa aobojibho jifla. naci. 

Ohi HacTaHBajn, hto6£i a ne 6pocajia nrpti, ho CTanoBH- 
jiocb hosaho h a HSBHHHJiacb. OTAdBaa eiiy A^HbrH, a cRasaaa^ 
^iTO, HaA'iK)Cb, Tenepb Mory HaROHeHii ysnaxb cROJibRo a bu- 
Hrpajia bi ero nojibsy; oRasasocb mecTbAecarb ipH rHHOH. 

EcjiH 6vi He 6hjk) nocntAHeft necHacTHoft craBRH, a 
6u BHHrpajia cto niHefl. & OTAaBajia eiiy AOHbTH, ho offb h 
zoiijix Bxi 6paTb, noRa a ne Bsaaa nicRoabRO xonerb; ohs 



pa;^octh h roPBCTH. 99 

Tpe6oBajrb, hto6h a BS^Jia^ crojibko naxosy Bjxsmvb. SL OTRasti- 
BajiacB H A^CTBHTeJDLBHO HO zoT^a caica 6paTB jsfiueri, Aynaa, 
HTO ecjLH ORb HaM^peni a^tb mh^ ho Hn6yAB, to MoncerB ca;6- 
jiaiB dio caui. |> i^^ 

OAimi HS'B CHA^BmiUCB Sa CTOJIOITB WReHTJIBMeHOB'B, yCJQIXaB^B 

HamB cnopB, saEpHHajrB: «0TAaftT6 eft bc6>; ho ji nososHTOJiBHO 
oiKasaJiacB otb axoro. TorAa Apyroft CEasajii: cJI^aceR'B, noA^- 
xecB CB Heft nonojiaM'B; pasBi BavB HensBicTHo, hto bh paBHO- 
npaBHH CB jieAH*. Eopone CRasaxB^ ohi pasA^Jii BUHrpimrB 
HonojiairB co MHoft, h laKHX'B oSpasouii & ynecjia rpjvipfirth ra- 
Heft, He c^Hxaa copoEa xpexi, Koxopua xhxohbko ynpajia, xoth 
noTOMii h cosaji'ljia o6i» axoMi, xaKi KasB if oft ASKeHXJiBifesB 
Cuxb oHeHB BeJiHKOAyineHx. 

n xaRB, A HpHHecjia aomoA ceMBAecAXi xpn rHHOH, npz toitb 
pascKasaJia icoeft ryBepnaHxici, RaKB a 6uj[a CHacxjniBa bi srpi. 
no eji mh^bIk), hhI He cJiiAOBajio SojiBme pHCROBaxB h ji corjia- 
CBJtacB Cb Heft; a xaKse, Kasi h ona, o'^eHB xopomo noHHicajna, 
^TO sHaHHT'B BropHaa necoxRa h Ka^B CRopo s. icory npoHrpaxB 
Bce, Hxo npio6p'ljD[a. 

^0 chxb nopi MH^ yjoiCaJiocB c^acxBe, h a xaRsce chjibho 
6orax^a, RaRB h moa ryBepnaHXRa, cb Roxopoft a KkssiJiMh 
BcerAa; xenepB HOfl 6jiaropoAHafl jsfiM^ cxajia saroBapHsaxB co 

MHOft XOICB, HXO HaBCB HOpa OCXaHOBEXBCfl, HORa BCe HAOXB xo- 

porno; HO A He snaio, hxo aa poROsaa cyAB6a pyROBOAHJua mhoS: 
xenepB a xaRjRe 6ujia ne pacnojiojEena ocxaBHXB cBoe penecjio, 
RaRi paHBme ona ne corjofamaJiacB na axo. H xaRi, bt> axoxi po- 
ROBoft ^aci Hu, xaRi» CRasaxB, oxJOLoacHJOi bb cxopony Bcb noAo6- 
HUfl HNCJni, a cxajia CMiji^ h oxBajRH^e, ifbwb RorAa jih6o, ii 

MOH HOCXOflHHHfl yA^HH CA^ailH MOO HMfl XaRHlTB BHaMeHHXKM'B, 

RaRHifB He nojiBSOBajiCfl hh oahhx Bopi Bi HOAO^naro poAa 
RpajRaxi. 

HnoFAa a cbo6oaho npHHHMaJiacB HrpaxB xy caHyio Hrpy, 
RaRyK) Bejia npejKAB, hxo 6ujio ne npaRXHHHO, xoxa h ho des- 
ycniniHo; Boofin^e jro a noflBJiajnacB wb hobuxi> BHAax'B h cxa- 
pajiacB npHHHiiaxB hobuh ^pHU, buxoaa na yjmiQr. 

Hacxajio myMHoe BpeMH roAa, RorAa 6ojiiBmaa ^acxB nacejie- 
Hia oxnpaBJiajiacB sa ropoAB, bi Toh6phasb, dncoMB h Apyria 
noAo6Hsa M^xa. FopoAB onycxijiB^H a, nojuaraa, hxo namaxop- 
roBJia HoftAexi ba^cb xaRxe cjia6o, RaRi h ocxanBHaa, oxnpaBH- 
jiacB Bi ROHiii roAa cb xojinoft napoAa bb Cxoyp'B-dpHASR'B na 
apMapRy, a oxxyAa bi BepH, bb Cy^^ojiBR*]^. Mu naAtajmcB na 
6ojiBmle 6ap£iniH, ho ROrAa a yBHAajia, RaR'B HAyxi A'^^ to 
6iiJD[a oneHB neAOBOJiBHa, HOXOMy hxo RpoHi onycxomemfl Rap- 
ManoBB xaiTB 6wio icajio xaRoro^Ri neiiy cxohjuo 6u hphjeojrhxb 
pyRH; xaiTB ne upeACxaBJiajiocB cxojibro cjiy^aeB'B AJia pa6oxH, 
RaR'B Bb JLoBffini. TaRHMi oGpasoMi, BnpoAOJUEemn i^ljiaro ny- 



100 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO, 

TemecTBiJi a 3apa6oTajia sojiorue nacu b^ BepH h He6oJiBnioft 
CBepiORi noJioTHa hi KenSpHAJRi, hto a^o ^ssi noBOKh npo* 

CTHTBCJi CI 3THHH IfibCTaMH. 

MoH KOMHaia naxoAHJiacB pflAOMX ci ROicHaToft OAHoro roji- 
jiaHwa. OAHaasAU, B'b ero orcyTCTBle a samjia Kb neify, h BTan^HS'B 
ci TpyAOMt Ki ce6t ero Taaceomft ^eMosant, nouuia Ha jjmu;yy 
c% i](ijii>H) Hafiin BOSMO^HOCTb BUHecTH ero H31» rocTHHHHi^u; AOJiro 
H xoAHJia^ HO MHi He npeACTaBjfejuocL hhkofo, Kbm> 6u a icorjofa aji^ 
aToro BOCDOJiLsoBaTBca; ropoA'B 6Krji'B ne BejiHR'B, Menfl 6suio JierRo 
saM^THTb H noTOMy fl BOSBpan^aJiacB bi rocTHHHHiQr cb HaictpenieM'B 
OTHecTH HeifOAaH'B nasa^'B n ocTasHTB ero lairB, r^t BdJiJia. Ho bi dTy 
caHyio MHHyxy a. ycjm[xaJia,MTo RaicoS to ^eJiOB^Ri myimo xopoHHrB 
jiH)Aeft Ha 6orB, Roiopufi, nojiBsyHCB npHJiHBOifB, ceflnaCB otxoartb. 
fl nosBaJia aToro najiaro h cnpocHJia: 

— GRasnre, Moft AVJ^^i RaRoft aio 6orBy na RoiopoMi bh 
CJiyaEHTe? 

— JIoARa Hsx HncBflHa, MaAainh, — OTBi^ajn ohb. 

— KorAa Bu OTHpaBJiaexecB? 

— CiK) MHHyry, MaAaMi, a bu loae lyAa iffire? 

— ^a,— cRasajna a, — He Moaeie xa bu o6o«AaTB, noRa a 
BUHecy CBOH Bemji? 

— A Tjsjk BamE Ben^H, HaAairb?— cnpocsju'B ohi. 

— Bl 3T0ft rOCTHHHHA*. 

— TorAa H HOftAy sa Bann h oxnecy hxi na nuooHRy, — 
jiiotfesHO npeAJKOXHOTB ohi. 

— IIoftAeMTe, — CRasajia a h mbi nonura cb hhicb. 

Bb rocTHHHHqi 6ujia 6ojiiBmaH cyHaxoxa; tojibro tto npH- 
mejTB naReTi»-6orB hs'b FojuiaHAiH, . Biiicri cb rbwb npiixajiH 
ffii Rapexu cb naccajRapaMH nsi JloHAona, ROTopue OTnpaBJta- 
JiHCB Ha Apyroft naRerB-6oTB b-b FoJuiaHAiK), a RapexBi aojurhh 
6ujiH yixaiB na Apyroft a^hb nasaA'B cb naccajRHpaifn, tojibro 
HTO npH6uBnmMH hs'b FoJiJiaHAiH. Bi aToft cyHaTOxi s. noAomjia 

R'B ROHTOpRi paSCHHTaTBCfl CB XOSflftROft rOCTHHHHAU, FOBOpJi, TTO 
& OTHpaBJIAIOCB HOpeMli BB JIOAR^. 

Sth jioarh TaRse o6niHpHH, RaR'B MopcRoe cyAHO, h npncno- 
co6jieHu A^a nepesosRH naccasHpoBi hsi Fopfinqa biJIohaohi; 
xoTfl Hxi) HasuBaforB JiOARaMH, OAHaRO oh£ BM%HtaH)rB AsaA- 
i^aTB naccasnpoBB e agcatb hjih HflTHaAi^aTB tohh'b rpysa. 

Mofl xosHflRa OHeHB jiio6e3Ho npEHflJia otb iceHfl no c^ery 
AeHBrE, HO B^ aTofi cyMaxoxi ee cefk^acB a;e RyAa to nosBajiH 
E oHa ymjua. OciaBmHCB oAHa, a nosejia uajraro b'b cbok) rom- 
HaTy, A&^a 6My HeMOAaHB hjih cyicRy, ROTopaa 6ujia otohb ho- 
xojRa Ha HeMOAaH'B, saBepnyBi ee bb cxapuft nepeAHHRB; a no- 
cjiana ero cb Ben^aim npaxo na 6orB, casca cjii^Ay^ sa heacb; nena 
BHRTO HH^ero He cnpocHJi'B o6b aTHXx Beqax'B. BjiaA&iei^'B HOMOAaHa 

CEA^JTB B'^ SaJI'l CB JlfiJCVLWb A^KeHTJIBMeHOlfB Sa yJKHflOlCBy FAt 



PMOCTH H rOPEGTH. 101 

OHH myMHo pasroBapflBaJin; TaKHicb o6pa30M'B, a hhcto o6A'&iajia 
A-Ijio n oxnpaBEJiacB bx HncBHH'B; hohbk) hhrto ne Morb ysHaiB 
icyj^a H y-lxajia: bi JIohaoh'l na FopBincKOft JHOARt, EaK^ a 
roBopHjra xosflflKi, hjih bi> Apyroe Micro. 

MeHfl oHeHB BCTpeBOjRHJiH TaMoseeiHue hhhobhhrh b'b Hn- 

CBH^y KOTOpne OCTaHOBHJIH MOfl HeMOAaHI», CI I^JILK) OCMOip'&TB 

ero. fl od'bjiBHjia, hto He HMiio HH^ero npoTHBi dToro, ho rjhohi 
orb H€HOAaHa naxoAHTca y Hoero ny^Ra, a ohb en^e ne npi- 
izajiii Bsi FopBH^a; & A&sa laicoe o6i»flCHeHie HBHOBHHRaMx, 
HM^ jn> BHAy, hto6h bbcb He noRasaJiocb cipaHHuirb, hto .B'b 
cjiyHai ocHOTpa HeMOAana ohh BafiAyTi bx neiix tojibro Myx- 
CRlfl Ben^H. Ohh pimHJiH bo ^to 6u hh crajio OTicpuTb ^eMOAanx, 
a. corjiacHJiacB cjiOMaib saiiOffb, hto Sujio ne ipyAHO CA'i^aTb. 

Ilpn ocMOTpi OHH He namjiH HHRaRoft R0HTpa6aHAU, TaR'b 
RaR'b "^eHOAaHb 6ujrb y:Re paHbme ocMOTpinb, ho h ri CBoeny 
yAOBOJiBCTBlK) yBHA^a TaiTb MHoro npeRpacHHX'b Bennett; ocoOenno 
MRi noHpaBKSHCb csepTRH ^paHnyacRHX'b nHCTOJieft h roJuiaHA- 
cRHZx AyRaiOB'b, sa rbirb Tairb jiesajiHABa napHRa, 6i^e, hujio, 
AyxH, 6pHTBH H Apyrla npHnaAJieJRHocTH Heo6xoAH]iHfl fi^a bch- 
Raro A^eHTJibHeHa, a pasno h ji^a. Toro, ROTopuft nomeji'B sa 
Moero HyjRa h ROioparo a npeAOCTaBHJia can oxy ce6%. 

Uocjii aroro a HOSBpaxHJiacB wb JIohaohi h xoth oiy- 
HaflHOy HO 6jiaroAapH nocjiiAHeify npHRjiiiOHeHiK), a npio6piJia ao- 
BOJibHO sHa^HTeJiBHyK). Ao6£iHy. OAHaRO, a HHRorAa 6oJibnie ne 
npeAnpHHHHajiia noAo6H£ix'b HporyjioRi h ho pinnuiacB 6h na dto, 
ecjKH Cu A^sce npoAoauRajia CBoe peiiecjio ao R0Hii[a shshh. SL 
pascRasajia CBoeft ryBepnaHTR^ Hciopiio mohx^b nyremecTBlfl h 
eft oco6eHHo noHpaBHJuocB npHRJooHenie b'b FopBH^i. B'b paaro- 
Bopi no dTOMy noBOAy, 9Ha sasi'j^THaa; hto Bopi ecxB xaRoe cos- 
Aanie^ ROiopoe ^ijteo CTopoacnrB RaacAyR> nejiOB'l^ecRyK) oniH6Ry, 
jKejiaa BSBJieHB hsi nea AJinceCa nojiBsy, h noTOMy HeBOSMOSHO, 
itoCbt npH laROft fiAHiejiBHocTH H TaRoiTB CTapaniH eny ne npeA- 
craBHJiocB MHoro CHacxaHBUx'B cjiynafiHocTeft; botb noHeny ona 
AynaerB, hto cb MOHifB tohkhitb h npeBocxoAHuifB sHanieirB 
aioro j^iia a ne Mory ynycTHTB HH^ero ta^ 6u to hh 6ujio h 
KyAa a hh noftAy. 

C'B APyroft CTOpOHH HOpaJIB BCOft MOeft HCTOpiH SaRJHOHaeTCH 

B'B TOHi, HTO OHa HpeAociaBJiaeTB RasAOMy HHTaxeJuo cAiJuaiB 
HS'B nea cboh bhboau^ coraacHO ero pasyii'bHiK) h noH^TiaMi; a 
^e He 6epycB nponoBiAUBaxB hm'b. IlycxB ouuT'h necHacTHaro 
H B'b RoneHii HCHopneHHaro cosAania nocayamrb cRaaAOHHini'b 
M'ICTOH'b HoaesBuxi HpeAOCiepeJEenift jifln RaacAaro, rto npoHierb 

3Ty HCTOpilO. 



102 PFCCKOE BOFATX^TBO. 



XX. 

Moe mcntfkHee noKyuieHie. — Meufl OTnpasjiflio'nb bi» Hbioron*. — OnNcaHie 
TiopbMu. — MoHfl HaBtiuaer-b moa rysepHaHTKa; en satioTbi. 

Tenepb a. npHfijuHSEcaiocB Kb hoboA duoxi noeft sh3hh. Bu- 
ro^apa j^jiwhkouj pajy npeciynjieHlft Cb neoCHKHOBeHHO yjan- 
man^ RCiojtoicB, a coBepmeHHO o^epcTBijia h uwb yse HHRorjia 
H6 npHxoj];si[a b:b rojiOBy hucjib 6pocETB CBoe peicecjio,* ROTopoe, 
ecm cyji;iiTfi no npHnipy Apyraxi, aojikho 6£uio pane hjih dosaho 
QKOnmsThc^ jiflsi Meaa noJimiiTB necHacTBeirB n nosopoiTB. « 

^Ito6u saROHHHTB onHcaHie mohxi npecTyzuemfl, pascRasy 
em6 caij^jTiomee. 

51 pHCKsyjia BOftTH B'B offLWh AOMB, ABepH ROTopapo 6uiai 
OTBop9Bti[, H B8HTB AB% HiTyRH nap'iH CB pasBOAaicH, HOJiarafl, 
^To kfeiiH HHKTO He sairlTHTB. 3to He 6ujiib HBHy^aRrypHBift Ma- 
raana^ iijeh jiaBRa, a fituiB npocio jRHJioft aoitb, bb ROTopoirB 
noBBjiHAioMy RBapTHpoBajTB HejiOB^RX, npoxaBaBinift foBapu Top- 
roBi^aMi^, MaEJiep'B hjih ^aRTopB. 

JEejian coRpaiHTB KpaqHyio nacTB aioft Hcropin, CRaiRy tojibro, 
^TO ea M€Hi{ naaaJiH ab^ senn^HHU, RoropBiH 6pocHjracB sa MHOft 
cb KpsKasin, BB TOTB MOMeHTB, ROFAa H BfiixoAHJia H3B ABepH; 
OAsa Ha-b EurB noTan^HJia Menn nasaAB, saciaBH boSth bb roh- 
Hary, Bb to Bpeica RaRB Apyraa sanepjia sa mhoB ABepB. 9 cia^ 
pajracb nojxayHHTB hxb Ao6pu[icH CJiosaicH, ho a AyK^H), ^to ABa 
caMHX'b BcauiiBHHBUXB Apai'yHa He mofjih hphath bb 6oj[BinyH) 
apocTb, Hiwh ohI; ohI psajra na mhI HJiaTBe, ocRopdJiHJiH iieHH 

H Kprn^dkim Ka MeHH TaRB, RaRB 6yAT0 XOT^^ y6HTB; hotohb 

EMinjia xosHfiRa, sa hok) xoshhhb, ho h ohh 6wns. laRse secTORH, 
9 iiacKOBO H HteHO o6paTHJD[acB RB xosHHHy H CRasajia eny, 
^To oTBopeHHafl ABepB H pasjiojReHHiifl Ben^H nocjiyacHJiH a^h 
uemi ECfcymeHleiTB, hto h fiiAHaa h HecHacrnaa jRenn^Hna; b^ab 
HHn^BTa xaKB ymacna, hto neMHorie MoryrB ycTOHTB npoTHBB 
eoa; CO cjieaaBCH na rjiasaxB a ynojifljia ero csajUHTBCH naAO 
Huofi. XosadRa iponyjiacB ^bctboub cocTpaA^Hia h roTOBa 6uJia 
if@EH oxnycTBTB H HO^H CRJioHHJia RB TOMy jse iiyjRa, HO rpy6bia 
A^BRS na6l^;RaJiH sa R0HCTd6jieBrB npe«A6, h^btb hxb nocjianH; 

H03T0My XOSHHH'B CRasaJIB, HTO TeHOpB OHB HO MOSOTB OTRasaTBCH 
0TB ofiBHEieRlfl H AOJOHCOHB HATH RB CyAB*!, TaRB RaRB, OCJIH OT- 
nyCTHTb MeHJl, to CaiCB CyAOTB nOAJieaaTB OTBiTCTBOHHOCTH. 

IIpHcyTCTBie ROHCTaSjua RaRB rpoiTB nopasHJio Menn, icHt Ica- 
sajiocb, iTQ z npoBajiHBaiocB crbosb seMjno, a ynajna bb o6mo- 
poEB H Bci ji;piMiiLy ^To a AbftcTBHTeJiBHO yuepjia; jRoaa xosanna 
CHOBa fiHJia Tponyia nyBCTBOMi aaaocTH h npocHJia Myaca oTny- 
CTHTb Mena na CBoGoAy, roBopa^ ^to ohh nnnero ne noTepaiOTB 



PAJOCTH H rOPECTH. 108 

orb aroro. H iipeAJioxHJia hki» BanjiaTHTB sa o6i mryKE napHH^ 
He CHOTpfl Ha TO, HTO He BSibia hxi, h csasajia, hto Tosapx HX'b 
ocrajica Oiijrb h noTOiiy cb hxi CToponu 67x6x1 jRecxoRO oxnpa- 
BHTb HeHH na sipHyio CMepTb h Tpe6oBaTB Moeft KpoBH sa oAHy 

MOK) nOHUTRy BSATB HTB TOBapi. fl 06l»HCHaJia R0HCTa6jIK), ^0 

ji He JDOMaJia sauRa* y ABepn h HH^ero ne ynecjia, a Rorxa mk 
npHmjiH Kb cjKb/b, to h euy s. CRasaJia to so, TaR'B hto nocorbAHift 
noHTH corjiacHJiCH oTnycTHTB iceHA na CBo6oAy. ISq Ta rpy6afl 
jt^BRa, ROTopaa nepBa;i Ha6pocHJiracB na MeHH, yTBepsAaJia, mo 
a. yace Bumjua cb napneft na yjiHi^y, ho OHa ocxaHOBHJia moh^ h 
noTan^HJia nasa^'B; na btoitb ocHOBaniH cyABa npHroBopHJTB mohh 

B% TIdpBMy H MBHA OTHpaBEJIH Bl HBIOrOTB, B% dTO ySaCHOO 

jficTo. KpoBB sacTUJia b% mohxi jKHJiarB, npn oahoitb btoitb 
HasBamH. HBiorerBl ta^ ctojibro mohxx TOBapHn^eft chahtb hoa'b 
BaMROiTB H OTRyAa hx-b BHuycTJirB TOJiBRO jiflsi Toro, hto6h ot- 
BecTH Kb poROBOMy A^poBy; HBiorera, ta^ moa xaTB TBR^MHoro 
H rjiy6oRO CTpaAajia, ta^ a yBHA'^d csirB h ta^ b'b nosopHOft 
CHepTH Ha&Ay HCRynjcHie cbobitb rpixairBl H naKOHeoi'B, bto 

TOTB HBIOreTB, ROTOpufl TaRl A&BHO OSiUJlMrb MOHA H OTB RO- 

Toparo Cb TaRHMx HCKyccTBOMi fl TaR'B jsfluro y6irajia. 

n TaR'B, TenepB a A'&flCTBHTeJIBHO BI TIOpBMi; HeBOSMOJRHO 
OUHCaTB yJKaCl, ROTOpBCft OXBaTHJTB MOK) Jl^Jy ROfAa M6HH 
SaCTaBEJIH BOfiTH TyAa H ROFAa, OCMOTpiBIUHCB BORpyPB, A yBH- 

A^a BCK) MepsocTB BToro OTBpaTHTejiBHaro jcicTa; a. CHOTpijia 
Ha ce6A, RaRi na coBepmenHO norHfimyio SEcen^HHy; mh'& ocTa- 
BajiocB AynaTB tojibro cuepTH h to caifoft nosopHofi; aACRaa 
cyMaTOxa, opaHBe, pyrasB, 6ojR6a, rjihtbu, bohb, rpasB, cjioboitb 

BCi aTpH6yT£I yjRaCHOft CR0p6H COeAHHHJIHCB SAiCB CB rbwb, 

HTo6u HORasaTB 8H6jiieMy aAa hjih no Rpafi^efl wbpi ero npeA- 
^eple. 

IlepBoe Bpeicfl a ho cnajia h'^^crojibro Ho^eft h ahoA b'b btom'b 
ysacHOH'B M'bcTi; aojito a HOHTajia tojibro o6'b oahomb c^acTiH — 
yHepoTB, xoTfl y Mena ne 6fiiJio npaBHjiBHHX'B cyjRAOHlft CMepxH; 

nOHCTRHi^ HHTTO He MOFJIO HCHOJIHnTB TaRHM-B ySaCOlTB MOO BO- 

oCpaseele, rrr'b HacToan^afl TiopBna; hhhto ho Morjto 6mb hjlb. 

MOHH OTBpaTHTOJIBH'le TOFO 06lIteCTBa, ROTOpOO HaXOAHJIOCB TafiTB. 

O, a CHHTajia 6h ce6a cnacTJinBoft, ecjiH 6u Mena OTnpaBHJin bo 
BcaRoe Apyroe iricTO BcejieHHoft, tojibro 6h ne b'b HBiorerB! 

H noTOifB, Rasi TopsecxBOBajiH Ti osecToneHHua h npesp'ln- 
HHa C03AaHia, ROTopua nonanH TyAa paHBme Mena. 

^To 3T0? MaAaiTB ^JianAepcB bi> HBiorerri, naRoneB^'B to! 
MepH, MojiH, MoJiB ^jiaHAepcB baIcb! Fobophjih, hto caiTB am- 
Boa'B noMorajii uni TaR'B aojito i(apcTBOBaTB; oh'I sRjifiLjiis. Mena 
MHorie roABi h HaRoneiiB a sa'^cb! Bb apocTH, HSA^BaflCB HaAO 
MHOft, OH^ naHEvajiH Meaa aRCRpeMeHTaMH, ohI nosApaBJiajiH MOHa, 
€OB-]kTOBajiH 6bitb CM^a'i^e, co6paTBca ci CHJiaicH h ho naA&TBAy- 



104 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

xoM%, roBopH, HTO A^a uolkjiyTh Mosen 6kiti> ne Tasi njotoxo^ 
Eaki A Ayvaio; noxoifL OH'i nocjiajiH sa boaro& h dhjih sa Moer 

SAOpOBBe, HO BOAKy nOCiaBEUIH Ha HOfl CHGTB, ot'bACEAB^ HTO 2 

TOJiBRO ^To npH6ujia B'b KOMcdTfCB {tvlkl ohh HasuBajm TiopbMy) 

H ^TO a HaBtpHO BUijO JifiEbTEy KOTOpUXl y HHXl COBCiMl KbVb. 

'9 cnpocHJia OABy H8i» nnxi, a&bho jih oHa sAicb? c^exupe 
M%CAi](a>, — OTBinaJia ona. <KaK06 BneiaTJU'iHie oponsBeJia na. 

BaCli TH)pBM» BI> TO BpOMA, ROFAa BaCB OpHBeJIH CIOAa?> — CHpOCHJia^ 

H onflTB.— «To^Hoe TaRoe xe, EaRi> h lenepB, cipamnoe h yauic- 
Hoe. H/Lsfk KasajiocB, tto a nona^a b'b ha'b; a& h ao chx'b nops 
H yB'ipena, ^to au[By b'b aAy, — npn6aBHJia ona, ho bco dio 
TaEi ecTecTBeHHO, hto a y^e 6oJiBme ne TpeBOsycB aTHirB». 

— BipHO Baii-B BO rposHTB onacHOCTB B'B CyAymeMi?— cKa- 
sajia fl. 

— Eirbj BU omH6aeTecB; nanpoTHBi) a jme ocysECAOHa, npHro* 
Bopi npoHSHeceH'B, ho a san^Hn^aio cbok) yTpo6y, xoxa a Tao^& 
6epeHeHHa, Rani totb cyABH, EOTopuft npeAaJii iceHH cyAy, h a 

OSHAStH), HTO B'B CJri^AyK)niyiO CeCCiK) MeHfl npHSOByTB CHOBa. 

cIIpiISBaTB CHOBai, SHa^BTB BpeUOHHO npiOCTaHOBHTB HCnOJI- 

H6Hie nepBaro npHroBopa, BCJiiACXBle saaBJueniji noAcyAHuoft a 
CBoeft CepeMeHHOCTH, h AaiB Bpeiia bbiachhtb cnpaBeAJOBBOCXB hjih 
jiosB efl BaaBJieHia. 

— H HeyiReJui me Baci dio ne CeanoKOHrB? — cnpocHJia a^ 

— Ho HToai A Mory CAiJiais? SaniicB ropeBaxB? Ma^ ©cjih 
Mena noBicarB. to a ne 6yAy 6ojiBme sa^cb, botb h Bce. 

Ci> dTHMH cjiOBaMH OHa HOBepnyjiacB n ynuia, TaHAya h npH- 
n^Baa cjiiAyK)nQrK) EbfareiCKyio nicenRy: 

„EcaiH a 6yAy BHciTB na BepeBOiK^, 
S 6yAy cjiHinaTB 8bohte» KoaoKOJia *). 

TaKOBTi KOHeiTB Hec^aoTHofl J^m&HBE^ , 

H He uoTj CRasaiB Bir&CTt cb ApyrHMH, hto hb TaR'B cipa* 
meni qoprB, EaRi ero pHcyiorb, noTOMy hto HHRaRHUE Rpa- 
CRaifH nejiBsa OHHcaiB aro yscacnoe SHJiHn^e jnoAeft, h nirB 
HeJiOB'l^Ra, Roiopufi mofb 60. npeACTaBBTB, hto npoHCxoAHii lavB, 
ne HCHUiaB'B dioro caiCB. Ho RaRHM'B ofipasoiCB aiorb aA'B no- 
CTenoHHO A^Jiaeica eciecTBeHHuifi h CTanoBHTca ne tojibro choc- 

HfilM'B, HO JlfiSRe npIaTHUMl, BTO M02KH0 HOHaXB TOJIBRO HOCJli AOJU- 

raro JiHHHaro onuxa, qxo n Sbijio co mhoA. 

B'B xy HOHB, RorAa Mena oxnpaBHjm b-b HBiorerB, a AaJia 
snaxB 06'B BTOWb Moeft ryBepHanxB^, Roxopaa, RaRii h naAO no- 
jiaraxB, 6ujia cxpainno nopa^ena dXHfifB HSB^cxieM'B; B'bpoaxHO 
ona xaioce Aypno npoBejia axy hohb AOMa, KaRi a b'b HBiorexi. 



*) KoJIOROa'B Bl I^epRBH PpO^a FocnOAHfl, B% HOTOpufl SBOHflirB B'b JlfiEb^ 

HcnooHeHifl KasES. 



pa;i,octh h roPBCTH. 105 

Ha cji'lxyion^ee yipo ona nprinuia yBHAaTBca co mhoA h a'^^- 
jiajia Bce, hto Morjia, hto6u MenH ycnoKOHXb, xopomo noHHMan 
6e8noJie8HOCTB cbohxi cTapanift. Ho so BCflKOMi cjiyHa*!, roBo* 
pEJia OHa, rnyTbCfl noA^ xajReciBK) sea^Hrb tojibko yBeaiflqEBaxL 
efl Bic1>, H noTOMy OHa TOinacB n^ciBJia wb xoai> bc& cpeACXBa, 
HTo6u HsdiacaxB xoro pesyjiBxaxa, Koxopuft xaR'b chjilho nyraji'b 
HacB o6tHxi>; npexAe Bcero ona eamjia rkxb OimeHBix'B a'^bor'b, 
KOXopiiH saxBaxHJiH M6HJi, OHa cxapajiacb noAKynnxB bxii, osa 
y6']^AaJia, npeAnaraJia AOHBrn, cjiobom'b A'^Jiaaia Bce. BOSMoaKHoe^ 
Hxo6u sacxaBHXB hx'b oxKasaxBCA oxi o6BHHeHiH. Ofia AS^Bajia 
OAHOfl 100 ^ynxoBi), 0% xiMi, hxo6u ona ocxasEJia liicxo h ne 
noKasuBajia npoxHB'B MeHfl; ho ropHH^naa 6HJia xaRi* nacxoft- 
HHBa, Hxo, He CMOxpH na CBoe xajiOBaHBe 3 ^ynxa bi foab, OHa 
oxRasajiacB oxi> axoro, oxRasajiacB Cbi, Kani 6ujia yBipeaa moh 
ryBepnanxRa, Aase h xorAa, ecjiH 6u ona npoAJiOKHJia eft 500 
^ynxoBi. Sax^M'B ona axxaROBajia Apyryio A'^BymRy, Roxopaa ne 
GuJia xaR^ acecxoRa, RaR'B nepBan, b oaho Bpena pfioae crjiohh- 
jiacB Kb MHJiocepAiH), ho nepBaa cxajia yBin^BaxB ee h noiii- 
maJia Moeft ryBepnanxRi, yrposaa AonecxH, hxo ona noARynaexi^ 
CBHA'^xeJueft. 

IIoxoM'B MOH noApyra o6paxnjiacB r'b xosaHHy, xo ecxB r'b 
xoMy, Hhn 6bijih Ben^H, h rjiaBHBiM'B oOpasoiTB r'b ero xeni, ro- 
xopaa eni;e BUCRasuBaJia cosajiiHle ro mh^; scena no npe^KHeny 
ocxasaJiacB xa se, ho xoshhh'b cocjiajicfl na xo, hxo ohi> cBasaH'B 
cBOHifB cyAednuicB ofiasaxeJiBCXBOMi noAAopacHBaxB o6BHHeHle. 

Moh ryBepnanxRa npoAJiojRHJia naftxH jiioAeft, Roxopue oxo- 
mBiorb oxi> A'i^a bto o6H3axejiBCXBO, ho 6ujio neBOSHoxHO y&6-, 
AHXB, Hxo y Hero ecxB RaRoft HHfiyAB Apyroft biixoa^, Rpoifl xoro, 

HX06U HBHXBCH BX CyAl* MOfllTB 06BHHBXeJieM'B. TaRH]f*B o6pa30Kx 
npOXHBl ICeHH 6UJIH XpH CBHA^TeJIH — X08HHH1> H OH) ABt CJiy- 

saHRH, B a xaRxe sipno npBSjiBsajiacB Kb cvepxHoft RasHH, RaR'B 
6ujio BipHo xo, Hxo H 2ECHBy ceft^aci, B URi ocxanaJiocB oaho — 

rOXOBHXBCH Kb CMepXB. 

B% xeHOHiB H'lcROJiBRBxii AHOft fl 6ujia BHOJiHi HOAaB^ena 
yjRacoH'B; nepoAB mohmb rjiasaMH cxoajia CMepxB; achb b hohb 
uRi MepentHJiHCB bbc&jtbau, sjiue AyxB b aomohu; HeB03M02cuo 
BHpasHXB, AO RaRoft cxeneHB mohh bcxombjii yacacB cnepxH h 
HyHOHlH coB'IcxB, ROxopaH yHpoRaJia HeHfl 8a mok) npomjiyio 

nopO'IHyH) JRH3HB. 

MeHH HaB'^^n^ajTB HBiorexcRift RaneJoaH'B, ohi» Haiajix cbofo 
o6uRHOBeHHyK) nponoB%Ai>; h Bcb ero SoacecxBenHHO pasroeopBi 
RjiOHHJiHCB R'B xoMy, Hxo6u fl co3HaJiacB B'B CBOOiTB HpecxyHJiefiiH 
(OH-B A^He He sHaji'B, aa ^xo a CHjRy), ^o6b[ a oxRpuJia Bce, 
nxo CA'bJiajiia fies'B Hero, no ero cjiOBaifb, FocnoAb HHRorAa ne 
npocxBxi Mena; ero p'&^B Cbuib xaRB a^J^^rb oxb xoro, hxoGu 
xpoHyxB Moe cepAiie, hxo oh*! hbcrojibro ne yxtmajiB mohh; b 



106 PyOGBOB BOrATGTBO. 

noTOMi fl saifiTHJia, hto qtotl HecHaciHuft, nponoB'^Ayfl mh^ yrpoirL 
noKaHHie, ri nojiAHio HanHsajicfl nBSFb; Tasoe ero noBOAeHie 
ocEop6jiajio Mena las'L, hto CRopo n ero nponoB^xn onpoTHB^JiH 
MH']^, H fl, HaROHei^, npocHJua ero ho fiesnoROHTB Mena 6oJibine. 
& He sHaio, RaRi cjiyHBJiocB, ho, 6jiaroAapH HeyciaHHUMi cTa- 
paniHifB A^flTejibHoft ryBopnaHTRH, Moe jx^o ne pascMaipHBaJiocB 
fi-b 6jiHJRaflmeft cecciH cy^a bx ^afiftxojii, TaRi hto y nenfl en^e: 
ociaBajiocB ABa wbcfinfi Cb jiiHinHHMi>, 6^81 coMH^Hlfl jifio, Toro, 

HT06h JlfiiTh MHi BpeHH HpHrOTOBHTBCfl Kb TOMJ, ^0 MOHfl OSH- 

Aaen; si jsflJixBh 6HJia AoposHTB aioft OTcpoHRoft n yiiOTpe6HTB 
ee Ha pacRaanie, ho a ho CA'i^aJira 8Toro. Mena, RaKi h npesA^, 
03Jio6JiflJio Hoe npe6uBaHle b'b Hbiorerl, h a ne npoaBJiajia hh- 
KaRHX'b npHsnaROBi pacRaama. 

HanpoTHB^b, noAo6HO TOify, RaR'B BOAa B'b ropHoft nen^ep^ 
ocaacAaerb RaMOHb na Bce, Ha "^to ona naAaen no Raajrairb, 
TaR-b HOCToaHHoe o6ii^eHle co CBopoft aACRHX'b Hn^eeRi» npoHSBO- 
AHJio Ha Mena to »e A^ftciBie, hto h na ApyrHX'b,— a npoBpa- 
n^aaacb b'b RaMeHb; npeacAe BCero a oryni^a h noiepajia ^yB- 
CTBHTOJiBHOCTB, HOToifB a ciaoia rpy6oft H BHaJia b'b 8a6BeHie, na- 
Roneiii'b Ha Mena namjio laRoe apocrnoe 6e8yMie, RaRB he y 
Roro HS'B Hnxii; cjiobobtb a npioCpiaa o6niyK) jno6oBB h coBep- 
' moHHO npHcnoco6HJiacb Kb HicTy, RaRi> 6yAT0 a lairB poAuacB. 

noTni HeBOSMoacHO npeACiaBHTB, hto6u npupoAa ?ejiOB%Ra 
Morjua nsBpaxHTBca ao laRoft CTenenH, hto6u cji^jiaiB saCaBHUirB 
H HpiaTHUifB TO, HTO caiio no ce6i cocxaBaaerB nojiHoe 6ibACTBie. 
a AJMaio, HtTB TaRoro noaoatenia, ROTopoe 6huio6h xyae btofo; 
a 6Biaa xaRi HHTeHCH^HO nec^acTaHBa, RaRB MoacoT'B 6£itb ne- 
CHacTaHB'B HeaoBiRi», y ROToparo RorAa to 6fiiaa acHSHB, SAopoBBO 
H cpeACTBa cyn^ecTBOBaHia. 

H o6BHHaaacB b'b npecTyaaeaiH, sa Roxopoe saROH'B noaa- 
raeiB ciiepTB; AORasaieaBCTBa 6HaH TaRi o^eBHAHU, hto a ho 
Morjia o6acajiOBaTB npuroBop'B; a 6iiaa TaRaa H8B']^CTHaa npe- 
cxynHHita, hto He Moraa oacHAaxB HHHero, Rponi cnepTB, h 
He Moraa AonycTHXB mhcjih H36'lrHyTB ee; a iieacAy t^itb 
Hoeft Ayinoft oBaaA^a RaRaa to cxpaHHaa aeTapria; cscyn^e- 
Hle, (5oa8HB, rope ne RacaancB ea; nepBuA cupaxB npo- 
nieai», h a Mory CRasaTB, mo a ne snaaa, rto a; hoh ^yB- 
CTBa, Bfoft pa8y]rB h Bcero fioa^e Moa cob^ctb ycnyaH bo im%; 
B'B Teneme copoRa airB Moa acHsuB 6£iaa yacacHofi cirbcBio pas- 
Bpaxa, npeaH)6oA:laHia, RpoBOCiftmeHia, odHana h RpaacH; cao- 
BOMi, CB BoceMHaAi^aTH H AO mecTHAecaTH a'brB a Ouaa npH- 
HacTHa BcliTB npecTynaeniaMx, Rpoici^ y6iftCTBa h HSBfiHU. Te- 
nepB MOHa noraoTHaH 6'i^ACTBia naRasania, y Hoefl ABeps cxoaaa 
nosopHaa cicepTB, e tIh'b ho Hen'le a ne cosHanaaa CBoero no- 
aoacenia h ne Ay^^aaa hh o ue6% hh o6ib aA%; Bce dTo nposs- 
BOAHao Ha Mena ne 6oaBme BneiaTaima, q^ifb -yRoai saaa; mob 



pa;i;octh h fopecth. 107 

cepmjfi HacTOJiBRO oa:ecTOHHJiocB, hto ji He npocHJsa KHiocepAiH 
y Bora, a He ^Qrifajia o6ib diowh. Mwb KasceTCH^ hto a nafipo- 
cajia BipnyK) napTHHy oxnoro 08% yjEacnnxi ^ejofoo^HecRExx 
6^ACTBlft Ha seiuil. 



XXI. 

Moe HsymieHie npN ecTptnt ci> MymeM'b B-b TiopbMt. — MeHfl npHrosa* 
pHBaio-nb K-b GMepTM. — Moe Ayui^BHoe cocTOiiHie. 

Bo BpeuH aroro rpy6aro nepiosa if oeft sechbhh MeHa nocTHTJia 
BHesanHafl CJiynafiHOCTB, KOTopan ox^acTH npo6yacAajia bo wsrh 

TO, HTO HaSHBaiOTB FOpeiTB, ROTOpOlTb fl HaiHHaJia TepaTb BCJi- 

Roe npeACTaBJienie. OAHaacAHt hohbh) mh% pascRasajm, hto naRa- 

HyH^y TOJRe HOHBH), HpHBOJIH B'B TIOpBMy TpeX'B pasfioftHHROB'B CB 

6oJiBmoft Aopora, ROTopue coBepmHJiH rpaeesi BOSJii XayHCJioyTB 
H ROTopBirB RpecTBflHe npecJiiAOBajiH ao 9r86pHA2Ra, ta'^ ho- 
cjA MyxecTBeHHaro conpoinBJieHiA ohh 6iiJin BBfliii, npH'ieirB 
HHorle H3B RpecTBflH'b paHeHii, a H^ROxopne y6HTU. 

Hnnero Bfbrb yAHBExejiBHaro, hto mh, saie^Jiio^eHHue, chjibho 
jcejiajm yBHA'^iB dTHXB 6paBuxii e jiobrhxb MOJOfOAaoBB; o hhxb 
roBopEJiH, ?T0 en^e ne BCTp'^^HajiH TaRHX'B h hto yrpoHi hxb ne- 
peBOAyn na Apyroft TiopeMHHft ABopi, ta^ ohh 6yAyTB hojibbo- 
BaTBca 6oJiBmeB CBo6oAoft h jiy^mHiTB noM%ni[eHleMB, aa tto ohh 
BanjiaTHJiH rJiaBHony na^ajiBHHRy TiopBMU. HxaRB, mh, jRenn^HnH, 
ciajiH Ha Aoporfa, Tro6u Jiy^me pascMOTp^TB hxb; ho RaRB ohh- 
caiB uoe HsyHJieHle, RorAa bx nepsoirB BBixoAHBmeMib MyjRqHHi 
n ysHaJia CBoero JuaHRamHpcRaro Myaca, cb ROiopmrb a npoacHJia 

H^CROJIBRO BpOHeHH B'B ' JIfiECT!e6^ H CB ROTOpiIMB BCTp^THJiaCB 
nOTOlTB BB 6pHRXHJr6, BB TO BpOKH, ROFAa BilHUia saiffy^KB 8a 

nocji%AHAro Myma, RaRB a yxe roBopHJia o6b dTOiTB. 

SI OHiifljta OTB yAHBJienlA h ne BnaJia^ ^ito roaopHTB h ^to 
A^axB. EAHHCTBeHHuiTB MOHiTB yri^meHlenB bb btj HHHyiy Sbuio 
TO, ^TO OHB He ysnajiB Hena; z ocxaBHJia cbohxb TOBapHn^eft h, 
HacROJiBRO 6bijio B08H0KH0, 6ucTpo ymjia H8B axoro cTpamHaro 
HtcTa H AOJiro ropBRo HsaRajia. 

— ^ecTORoe cosAaHBe, — roBopHJia h ce6'l, crojubrhxb JooAeft 
TH CA^aJia HecHacTHHMHl Crojibrhxb tu npHBeJua bb oxHaanieH 

CpOCHJia BB ROFTH ABABOJial 

SL o6BHHHJTa ce6fl bb HecHacxinxB axoro A^GHXJiBiceHa* Ohb 
roBopHJTB MH-j^BB ^ecxep'i, Hxo HanrB 6paRB pasopHJTB ero h npn- 
BOJTB ero cocxoanie bb caMoe ysacHoe nojio^enie: Aynan, hxo h 
6oraxa, ohb naA^JiaJi'B aojifobb, ROXopuxB HHRorAa ne hofb bu- 
HJiaxHXB; xaRHMB o6pa80in>, no ero cjiOBavB, eny ocxaBaoiocB oaho: 

HJIH HOCXynHXB BB apHilO, HJIH RynHXB ROHA H OXOpaBHXBCa B'B 



108 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

uyremecTBie; noJioacHMi, & HHRorxa He roBopHJia eny, hto y MeHJi 
6ojiBmoe cociojiHie, h jib^ho He npHHSMaJia ynacTU b'b o6MaHi^^ 
oAHaROKe, a noAAop^KHBajia dxo yStscKenie noTOMy 6ujia raras- 
iioft npHHBBOft ero AaJiBHifimHX'B HecnacTift. HeosHAaHHOCTB aioft 
BCip'iHH saciaBBJia Menfl yrJiyfiHTBcn hi ce6s. h BcnoMHHTB Bce, 
«]T0 npoHsomJio co mhoS jsfl chxi nop'B; h njiaRajia a^hb h hohb, 
TaR'B KaRi uni cRasanH, ^to ohi 6uji'b nanaJiBHBEOH'B 6aHABi h 
coBepmHJTB CTOJiBRO rpa6ejRefl, hto XafiHAB, yHTHefl h nase 3o- 

JIOTOft $epHep*B 6UJIH RapJIHRH B'B CpaSBeHiB Ob BBMi; ^TO OB'B 

6yAeTB Henpeu^HHO noBimeH'B, Tasi RaRi* npoTHsi Hero cyme- 
CTByeTB Hacca yjiBRi. 

Mena norjiOTHJio rope; Moe co6cTBeHHoe nojioseHle Henn icajio 
desnoROBJio, BorAa a cpaBHEsajia ero cb nojioaceHieH^B Moero 
iiysa; si ocunajia ce6fl ynpeRaiai; lenepB h oDJuaRBBajia cbor 
kiecHacTBA H CBoe naxeme TaR7», RaKi BHRorxa upesAe, h no 
Mipi Toro, RaRi H pasfiBpajofa CBoe ysacnoe nponuioe, bo b(h% 
npofiyjRA&nocB rjiiy6oRoe oiBpan^eme kb aiony iiicTy h ro Bceft 
dipft JKH8HH... Boo6n^e h coBepmeHHO HSMiHHJiacB ci dTBX'B nop'B H 
cTasa ApyrHMi HeJiOB^ROKB. 

B'B TO BpeMfl, ROFAa H HaxoAHJiacB noAB BJiiflflieirB iioero 
ropfl, KEi o6iJiBHjai, qro bi CJiHacaftmyio cecciio MeHfl BUsoByrB 

Bl CyA'b B npHrOBOpATB RB CMepTHOft RaSHH. Eo MHi BOSBpaiB- 
JiaCB MOB HyBCTBHTeJIBliOCTB; HaxaJIBCTBO n HarJIOCTB HC^eSJIH^ 
COSHaHle BBHOBHOCTH HaHBHaJIO OBJIISg(%BaTB BC^HB tfOHKH HyB- 

CTBaMH. CjioBoirB CRasaiB, a npHHBJiacB pasMunuzaiB, a pasimm- 
jieale ecTB B^pHuft man hsi aAa rb He6y, h bca la sa^epcTB'^- 

JIOCTB AyniB, ROTOpOft A TBRl XHOrO rOBOpHJia, eCTB HH1T0 HH06, 

RaRB nojiHoe orcyrcTBle micjm. Totb rto naunaerB mucjihtb, 
Ha^HaeTB cosHaBaiB ce6a. 

JbimB TOJiBRO SL crajia pascyKA&TB, RaR'B nepBan, (SjiecHyBmaa 
B'B Moeft rojtOBi mucjib BupasHJiacB bi cji%AyK>n]lHX'B cjiOBaxi: 

— Boxe iioft, HTO 6yAerB co imofl? MeHa naBipHoe Raa- 

HBTB, H nOTOlTB HHHerO, RpOlfl CMOpTH. SL He HBC^K) APySOft, 710 

MH"! A^aTB? SI 6yAy ocyjRAena, 8to BipHo! Bose Koft, ORajiBCfl! 
^To 6yAerB co MBOft? 

3tb nepBHB imcsH^ TaR'B aojito He npo6ysAaBniiflCfl B'B Hoeft 
Aymi, 6£iJiH cJiHBiROM'B MpaHHU, CRa^eTe bu, ho bbao oahbro 

nOHHBTB, HTO OBJh ChJTB BUBBaHU CTpaXOBfB Sa TO, HTO OKBAaJIO 

MeHA, B noTOHy bb hbxi> He Cbijio b t^hh HCRpenHaro pacRaa- 
HiB. H fiujia yjsacHO noAaBjiena, h fiiuia 6e8yT^fla, y MeHH ne 
6iiJio Apyra, RoropoMy a iiorjia 6u hob-j^pbtb cbob CRop6HHa 
loicjiH, oni TaROK) T^jRecTBio jiesajiB y iceHa na cepAi^i, ^o a 
no H^CROJiBRy pa8i» b:b abhb naAajia B'B o6MopoR'B bi HepBHonrB 
npBnaAR^. SI nooiajia sa CBoeft CTapofl ryBepHaHTRoft, RoxopaB, 
HaAO OTABTB efl cnpaBeAJiHBocTB, A'^ftcxBOBaoia RaRi caHBift B^p- 
Huft ApyrB; ona ne ocTaBBJia RaHHA na Rauni, ^to6h noM^^maxB 



P4ftOCTH H rOPECTH. 109 

npHc^acHHiTB, p'lmaion^BH'B npejcame cyiy, cocxaBHXB o6bhhii- 
TCJi&Hfiift aRTL; OHa xo^HJia ro MEOJuwb, roBopHJia cb heuh, 
yfitatflajia, ciapa^ct cmiOHHTb hxi na mok) cropoHy n yxeepaK- 
;iaa, HTO Ben^H He Chjih noxHiqeHH, AsepB ne 6uJia BSJiOMaHa, e 
npoH. H npoi. Ho hhhto se homomo; o6t jiByniKH noAi* npn- 
c^rofi AaJiH CBOB npRasaHia, n npHCflSEuue ycTaHOBHjia b'b MoeH'B 

06BHHHTeJIIBH0M'B aRli ^^aRTB RpaXCH CO B3JI0M0MI. 

YcjiiJxaB'B 3T0, H ynajia bi» oCnopoR'b h, Ror^a npamjia bi 
ce6a, aywajia, hto ynpy. Moa ryBepeaHTRa BOJia ce6a co MHOft 
RaKi poAHa^ MaiB, OHa scajiijia Mesa, njnaRajia comhoA, ho hh- 
^iH^ He Morjia homo^b; rI) AOBepmeHiK) Bcixi yxacoB'B, no Bcefi 

TIOpBMi TOJIBRO H TOBOpHJIH, ^TO MH* He H86i»aTB CMepTH, H A 

^acTo CJiuxajra, RaRi* oh^ lOJiROBajiH o6i> dTOBTB nejRAy co6oA, 
noRa^HBaa roJiOBOft h xdjiia. nena; oAnaRO, hhrto ho noA^HJica 

CO HHOft CBOHMH MBICJiaMH, HORa HaROHe£(B OAHH'B TEOpeiCHUft CT0< 

po2C'B He noAomejTB ro icni n, rjiy6oRO BSAOxnyBB, CRaaajii*: 

— HtaRi, MaAaMx *ji3HAepcT», bi naiEHDiy BacB CyAyii c 
AHTB (y Haci 6MJia cpeAa); hto bh Aywaeie A*JiarB? 

*A no6jrlAH%Jia, RaR'B hojiotho, h oTBiiHJia: 

— BorB OAHHi sHaei-B, wo a 6yAy a^Jisitb. 

— ^To ate! — npoAOJiacajii oht», a ne Mory BacB yiiniHTB; 
roTOBBTecB R'B CHepTH; a ne coBminaiocB, hto BacB ocyAarB, h 
xaR^ RaRB Bu npoBHHHJiHCB HO B'B HepBuft pasi, xo HO Moeuy 
BaiTB HOJiBsa pascHHxuBaxB Ha noHHJiOBaHie. FoBopaxi, Bame 
A^Jio OHOHB acHoe a BamH CBHA^TejiH xaR'B* nojiosHxejiBHO o6bh- 
HaioTi BacB, Hxo npoTHBi HHX'B HHHero nejiBsa BoapasHXB. 

3x0 6wvb yAapi, HaneceHHBift uwb npaico bb cepAZ^e; AOJuro 
a H6 Moraa nponsHecxn hh xopomaro, hh Aypnoro caoBa; naRO- 
neit'B, a paspasnjiacB puAanleMi h CRasaaa: 

— Axi, Hxo xe MHi A^JaxB? 

— ^xo A:6jiaxB? — oxBi^ajTB ohb, BauB naAO naftxB nacxopa 
H noroBopHXB CB hhitb; noxoMy hxo, roBopa HpaBAy, naAaiCB 
^jiaHAepcB, xoxa bu h ho Hifiexe CHaBHUX'B Apyseft, ho liwk 
Rasexca, hxo bu ne npnHaAJie:RHxe R'B sA^niHeMy copxy aioAeft. 

3xH xoxa H HCRpeHHia cjiOBa 6ujih a^^ ^^^^ cJinmROirB me- 
cxorh; oh'b ocxaBna'B hohh bi> noaHOM:B CMaxemH; bch) hohb a 
He cnajia; xenepB xojtbro a Hanaaa HOJiHXBca, Hero ne A^aJia co 
CMepxH Moero nocjrtAHaro Myata. SI A'fiftcxBHieJiBHO Mory CRasaxB, 
Hxo xenepB a MOjmaacB; h6o a SBUia xaRi CHyn^OHa, Mofl yHB 
6ujub HOAaBJieH'B xaRHifB yacacoMi, hxo xoxa a naaRajia h no- 
cxoaHHO HOBxopaaa: Boxe icoft, cauuiBca naAO MHOfll ho a ne 
HyBcxBOBaaa ce6a rp'imHHAeil, RaROio 6fiiJia bi» A^ficxBHxeaBHocxH, 
a He HcnoBiA^BaJia nepoAi* BoroicB cbohx'b npecxynjieHld h ne 
npocHJia y Hero npon^enia paAH aiofiBH R'B lacycy Xpacxy; a 
6ujia Bca noraon];eHa cbohmt* noJOLOKenieifB, a Ay^aaa xojibro o 



110 PyCCKOB BOPATCTBO. 

npeACTOjem^eMi cysl, Koropuft npHroBopHTB MOHa RfB CKepiH, h 
noaxoMy bck) hohb KpsHaJia oaho: 

— Bose HOft; ^0 6jJifiTb CO HHOft? Eose MOft, HTO Mffl 
A&iraTB? 60^6 MOft, CSKAJLbCR Ha^O MHOft! 

Mo4i HecHacTHafl rysepHaHTKa 6HJia ne neHBine onenajieHa, 
H^Mi ji, HCRpeHHO KaflJuacB B^b CBOHX'b npecTyujieHiJiX'B, xora 
HHKTO He oCbhhhjii 66, H6CM0Tpfl Ha TO, HTO OHa sacJOfyaRBBana 
Toro sRBy Kb ^euj roTOBHJiacB fl, KaKB roBopEiia caiia: BT6?eHiji 
HicROJiBKHXB ji^TB OHa yRpuBajia y ce6fl see, ^ro BopoBajia a h 
Spyri6, noon^paa nacB na dTo. Ofla puA&Jia h MoraJiacB, EasB 6e- 
syifflaa; JiOMafl pyRH, ona KpH^ajna, hto ona nornGjia, hto hoa'b 
Heft BHCHTB npoRjuTBe He6a, rotophhi ona ocyacAeHa/ no- 
ry6HB'B BcixB CBOHxi Apyseft h nociuafl hxi na ama^rL; npn 
BTOMB ona HasBajia AecaxB hjih oxEHHaffnaxB HMeHi, Koiopua, 
tfjiaroAapji eft, nanuui CBoft 6e8BpeM6HHuft EOHeitil.. Botb n 
TonepB ona cjiysBTB npn^HHOft Moeft nifieJiH, xaKi KaRi y6&R- 
Aajia Mena npoAOJUKaiB Moe peiiecjio, vh to Bpeiia, KorAa a xo- 
liaa ero octaBHiB. Ho a npepBajia ee cji%AyK)nqiMH cjiOBaHH: 

— Hirb, ifoa icaxymBa, ne roBopore sioro; bu kh^ oob^- 
TOBajKH 6pocHTB Bce, wh TO BpeMB, ROFAa a BsucEaaa c:b synita 
MOH npoTopn H y6HTRH; TO ace bu roBopBaB, rofab a BOSBpa^ 
THaacB H8X FopBHHa, HO a He xoT&sa Bacb caymaxb n noxoiiy 
Baci> He 8a hto o6BHHaTB; a caiia npHroTOBHaa ceCi rndeaB. 

TaRHiTB oCpasoHi uu npoBOAHaH Cb neio A^aue Hacur. H TaRiB, 
HaA^sKAu H6 6uao; npoiteccB meai cbohh'b nyxeirbi h bi ^eTBeprB 
a 6£raa nepeBeAena bi> sAanie cyAa, a na cji%A7^^ift ffiBh a 
fifiJixBBL 6UJLS. opeACTBTB HpeA^ cyffisaa. SI noAaJia odiacHenle 
npoTHB'B o6BHHHTeaBHaro aRxa, ne npHsnaBaa ce6a <BHHOBHofl>. 
J^iftcTBHTOJiBHO, H Hu&ia HpaBO CRasaTB axo, noTOMy ?T0 icena 
o6BHHaaH wh Rpasi co bsjiomoitb, to ecTB b'b tom'b, hto a, bu-' 
JiOMaBi ABepB, Bsaaa ab^ mTyRH MaTepia, ii[iHOK) B'b 46 ^ynroB'b, 
iu)Top£ia npHu^wieJEaan AhtohIk) Jt^soncoHy, a nexAy TiMi a 
lie ToabRo h6 aoMaaa sauRa ABepn^ ho auc^ ^ ne AOTporHBaaacb 
AO ero py^RH. 

B'b naTHHi^y nena npHBeaH bb cyAi»« Asa Hjni xpH AHa a 
uaaRana h tbri ocaa6iJia, mo bb qexBeprB ho^bk) RpinRO 8a- 
CHyaa. BaaroAapa aroMy, a aBHaacB bb cyA'B bb 6oa£e CoApoicb 
HaCTpoenlH Ayxa, niirb oacHAaia. 

KorAa Hanaaocb pasfiHpaTeabcxBO a&sa ^ odBHHHTeaBHuft aRTB 
6uja> npoHHTaHB, a xorlaa roBopHTB, ho mh^^ CRa8aaH^ hto cai- 
AyeTB cnepBa BucaymaTB CBHA^xeaeft, a hotomb xena. CBHA'^Te- 
aaMH 6£iaH HSB^xHua BauB cayacaHRH, bth, TaRB CRasaxB, ab% 
TyroydAua aomaAH; h bb canoicB a*^, hmb fibiao icaao, hto 
^aRTB Ha aBii[o, ho oni npeyBeaHHuaH ero ao nocatAHeft CTe- 
noHH; 0H% RaaaHCB, ^iro a coBepmenHo sasaaA^a nap^eft, cnpa- 
laBB ee noAlE> naaxBe b sHftAfl cb neft sa nopon AOMa, tbrb 



PAAOGTH H rOPBCTH. Ill 

"^TO fl coBciifb ynuia h 6£uia Ha jsisuib^ npejRAe Him obtI ycniju 
cxBaxHTB H, KOfAa apecTOB&nH, to samjiH Ha uh% Maiepiio. Bi 
cy^HocTH aio tfujio B^pno, ho a nacTaHBajia, hto OH'b apecxo- 
BajiH H6H)9[ npe»Ae, q^i a nepecTynHJia noporb Aona, xoth aio 
He HiflJio ocoGeHHaro sHaqenLi, hotomj hto a Bsajia MaiepiH) h 
roTOBa Gujra ynecTH ee, ecJiH 6u ohI ho sauaTHJin Mena. 

fl onpaBAVBajiiacb i^ifb^ hto a HH^ero ne yKpaJia, a xo&ahh'l 
HHHero He norepjijrb, hto ABepB 6ujia OTKpuia h £[ Bonuia cb 
HaiApeHleHi RyoHTB Maiepiio^ h ecJUH^ ne bhah HHKoro bi> aom$, 
a. Bdfljia Bi pyKH mTysy nap^ to hsi aroro en^e ne atiKjerb 
saEJiioHaTB^ HTO fl HM&ia HaM^peHie yspacTB ee, TaKb vslkl si 
BHHecjia MarepiK) tojilro r'l ABopn, hto6u nocMOTpixB ee na 
CBirB. 

CyA> ne npHAajii aroiiy o(h»flCHemio HHKaEoro sHaneHifl u 
oCpaTHJTb ero bi myTicH; Moe saaBJieHle, hto a nonecjia MaTepiio 

Kl CB%Ty HOAa^O HOBOA'B ropHH^fflUlTB 6e8CTUAHO B^SaTBCfl HaAO 

HHOfl; HesAy npo^HKi^ oh% fobophjiH) hto a^ctbhtojibho xoBapi 
mh% TaKi noHpaBBJucs, hto a TyrB se sanaROBaia ero h Baajia 
cb co6oft. 

Gjiobom^, HeHJi o6bhhhj[h bi Kpasi 6evB BSJioiia; nocji%AHee 
o6cTOflTejiBCTBO 611J10 HJioxHMi yTimoHieifB, TaK'B KaR'b cyA'B nep- 

BOft HHCTaHIQH BKHeCb HH^ CMOpTHZlft HpHrOBOpi, a CyAl» BTOpoft 
HHCTaHI^tH He MOFB CA^MTB HHTOfO HHOfO. Ha APjrOfi A^HB 

MeH^ npBBejiH BBicjiymaTB poKOBoft npHiOBopi b, KorAa cnpocHjm, 

HTO H HM^K) CKaSBTB B^ HOJIBSy OCTaBOBRH HCHOJIHeHifl HpHTOBOpa^ 

A H-lKOTopoe BpeMfl He Morjia bufobophtb cJiOBa; ho RorAa rto 

TO rpOMKO OGOAPHJTB MeHfl^ COBiTyfl 06%ACHBTBCfl Cb CyABflMH^ 

B^B pascHOTi, ?T0 Moe o&BHCneHie o6HapyacHrB 6jiaronpiATHUfl fflK 
MeHJi oCcTOflxejiBCTBay TorAa a npHmjia neiiHoro wb ce6fl h cRasa- 

Jia, HTO y MOHfl H^TB HpHHHHl OCXaHOBHTB HCHOJIHeHie HpHfOBOpa, 

HO fl Mory [cRasaTBy hto a pascHHTUBaio na CHHCxoAHTejiBHOcTB 
cyAa, noTOMy ^to a ne JiOMana ABopH h Moft nocTynoR^B ne 
npHHeci HHROMy BpoAa, ?to xoaanH'B bsatux'b mhoh) Ben^eft 
roTOBi Cusn, npocTHTB Mena^ o HeM^ ohi a'^ctbhtojibho saas- 
jcfljix, hto dTo CuJio Moe nepBoe npecTynjienie h paHBme a 
He cyABJiacB. Gjiobomb, a roBopBJia xaRi cm^jiO; RaRi» ne osb- 
AaJia, B roBopBJia TaRBin* TporaxeJiBHUirB tohoitb, xoTa crbosb 
cjnesH, HO coBepmeHHo othotjibbo, hto BKjiibjidky RaRi H^ROTopue 
njiaRajiB, ciymaa Mena. 

CyABH 6iIJIB TOpseCTBOHHO MOJIHaJOIBU; OHB CHBCXOABTeJIBHO 

Hena BiiciymaJiB h hosbojebjui BnoJiHi BucRasaTBca, ho. He otb^- 

TBBl Ha MOK) pi^ HB A^, HB H^rB, HpBrOBOpBJIB MOHa Kb 

cicepTHoft RasHB. dTOTB HpBroBopB HopasBJi'B HeHa, RaRi caica 
cxepTB, a noTepajia pascyAORi; a JiBmBaacB asiaa b ho Morjia 
roBopHTB; a joBniBaacB rjiasi b ho Morjia noAoaTB bxi na Bora 
B JDOAeft. 



112 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

MoH 6%Anafl rysepHaHTRa coBepmeHHO ynaJia at^omt.; osa^ 
yT^maBmaH MOHfl npem^e, TenepB caica HyiK^ajiacB bi* yrlmesiH: 
ona TO pu^aJia, to npHXOAHJia bi 6'6nieHCTBO n 6HJia BHi ce6Hy 
RaR'L cyMacmeAmafi isz'b BeA^iaifa. 

CKopte MOKHO npeACTaBHTB, niwb onHcaTB to nojio^eeie, 
bT) ROTopoBffi H HaxoAHJiacB TonepB; nepoAO mhok) HH^ero ho 
6hjio, RpoH'6 CMepTH; a ho Hic&iia Apy^eft, ROTopue Morjiii 6h 
xoAaTafiCTBOBaTB noMHJiOBaHin, h mh^ ocTaBajiocB oaho: npo- 
HBTaTB CB06 HMH B% npHRdst o6i> HcnojiHeHin RasHH, Bi pHAy 
Apy^Hx^ naTH TaRHxi ace HecqacTHuxii; h stotb npHRas'B AOJi«eHi> 
6HTb o6i»flBJieHTi B-L cjiiAyromyH) naTHHijy. 

Me^RAy T^Mi, no npocb6i Moeft 6iAH0fi ryBepnaHTRH, neHH 
HaBicTHJi'b nacTopi. Ohi» cepBesHo yBi^eBajii) mohh noRaaTBca 
BO Bcixi H0BX!B rp^xaxi H HO myTHTB tfojiBme ci cBoeft Aynioft; 
OH'B HO odHaAesHBaJHi MOHfl H86aBJieHieirB otb cmopte. Tasi 
RaRi eiry xopomo nsB^CTHO, fobophjtb oh*b, ^to a ho Mory 
ojRHAaTB dToro; ho coB^TOBajTB HCRpeHHO H BciiTB copAUeirB 
o6paTBTBca Kb Bory h bumojirtb y Hero npon^eHie bo HMa 
iHcyca XpHCTa. Obt> noATBepxAaJi'B cboh yB'In^eBanJia noAXOAa- 
n^HMH TeRcraMH GBan^eHHaro IlHcaHia, ROTopue no6ysAaK)rB 
pacRaaTBca camix'B BeaHRHXi rp'iiHHHROB'B h OTBpao^aiorB hx'b 
OTh AypHoro nyTH. RorAa ohi rohhhjii, OH'B CTaJTB BuicT^ co 

MHOH) Ha ROJliHH H Ha^aJTB MOJIHTBCa. 

9to 6hjio Bi nepBuft pa^i, hto a nonyBCTBOBajia bi cBoeft 
Aymi npHBHaRH HCTHHHaro pacRaania, a nawnaaa c^ y^acoiTB 
pa86npaTB cbok> apoouryio srhshb h, HMia ^epeA^ co6oft HHyK) 
nepcneRTHBy, hto, a Aynaio, caynaeTca cb RasLA^iM'B bi noAo6Hua 
MMHyTu, a CTajia cmotp^tb na Bce ApyrHMi BsraaAoui, ^im> 
npesAe, h neHajin hchshh npeACTaBEJiHCB irai wh hhoitb bha^, 
^wb npeacA6; B^ mohx^ uzcjiax'B aBBaocB hto to BHcmeO; hto 
sacraBJiaao Hena ne npnAS^BaTB HHRaRoro sHa^ema Tovy, hto 
a c^HTajia BaacHUH'B h ^o TonepB ne HHiJio HHRaRofi n^k^hi bi» 
MOHxi raasaxi. CaoBO cb^^hoctb* npoACTaao npeAO mhok) co 
BC^MH ero HenocTHacHMUMH AonoaHeHiaMH b bo wa!k poABaocB 
TaRoe o6mBpHoe nosHanie icipa. RaRoro a ao chxI) nopi ne Moraa 

DpOACTaBHTB. 

Ao6puft nacTopi 6HjrB rjiy6oRO TponyrB, BHAa, RaRoe Baianie 
0Ra8BiBaK)rB na Mena ero yB^n^ania; ohb CaarocaoBaaa'B Borai 
AonycTHBmaro ero naBtcTBTB Mena, b pimBJTB ne ocTaBaaTB Mena 
AO caHOfi noca^AHeft MBnyTU. 

npomao He Menie ABinaAi^aTB AHeft nocai Toro, KaLK% mu 
HoayHBaB npBroBopx, b hbrto bsI) HacB em,e ne 6biji'b OTnpaBaeHB 
Ha RasHB; hotomi 6iia'B npHcaani npsRasB 061 BcnoaneHiB 
RasHB, Bi ROTopoMx HesAY ApyrBMB CToaao B Moe BMa. 3to 
Hanecao CTpamHKfl yAapi mobh'b hobum'b Hair6peHiaHi, cepAUo 
Hoe 3aMepao b a ABa pasa* naAaaa b'b oSnopoRi, ho ho tobo- 



PAflOCTfl H rOPECTH. Il3 

pHJia HB CJHOBSL Jtfi6piA ^acTop^ 6wrb rj[y6oRO onenajieErL drnwh 
H j(&JiaJi% Bce, HT0611 ycnoROHTb Hefifl, npraosH rb se apry- 

HeHTBI H CB TllTb SO TpOraTeJIBHSirB RpaCHOpiHieiTB, ROTOpHlfb 

Xi^ftCTBOBajii npesxe. Oh% npoGtuTB y m&b& taic^ AOJtro Benepoifb, 
^0 TiopeMuiie CTopoaca xot^jih aosbojihtb euy ocTaTbca bi 
Tiopbirl) ecjiH TOJiBBo owb noaceJtaerB 6utb sanepruirb co mhoS, 
Ha HTO OHi He corjiacHJiCH. 

9 OHeHB yAHBHJiacB, Rorxa He yBHx:6jia ero na Apyroft seHB, 
KOTopuB 6HjrB RaHyHoiTB RasHH; a 6fiuia CTpamHO o6e3Rypa»eHa 
H yApynena; A'^ftcTBHiejiBHO, a no^H BcerAa eKuiaBi o6MopoRb, 
ecjEH He cjiymajia ero yrimenffl, ROToptuni h xaRi hacio h Tani 
ycHlmHO noJiBsoBaJiacB Cb canaro nepBaro ero noc6in;eHiH. Ob 
BeAHHaftrnHMii nerepnibpieirB h hoa'b rneroici caioixi y»acHIIx^ 
MHCJieft, RaRia moxho tojibro npeAcraBHTB^ a osHAajia ero no 
HOTHpexii HacoBi, Rorxa owh BomeJTB bb hok> Ranepy. HaAO 
BaMi^THTB, HTO 6jiaroAapfl A^HBraicB, 6e8^ ROToptncB baIcb nejiBsa 
erynHTB mara, mh^ CA^am CHHCXoxAenle h He sanepjiH bb any 
BM^crb CB ApyrHMH ocyjKAeHHBiMH Ha RasHB, a AaJiH OTA^JiBHyio 
MaJneHBRyK) ROMHaTy. 

B-B Moefi rpyAH cepAi^e saTpeneTano on paAOCTH, RorAa a, 
en^e ho bhas ero, ycaninajra y ABepH ero fojiocb, ho nyciB 
cyAaTB, RaKoe BOJiHOHie oi^BaiBJio moio Ayniy^ RorAa ohb hocjtI 

ROpOTRHXl HBBHHeHifi B'b TOITB, «0 HO npHmejTB, OeiaBHiTB MH^, 

^TO OHB ynoipeCHJTB bto Bpena A^a Moeft hojibsu h noJiyHRjrB 
OjiaroupiaxHoe yB^AOiaeHie otb npoRypopa, RoropHft nepecMOi- 
piJI^ Hoe A^o; cjioboitBi ohb npaHecB HSBicrle 061 orcpoHRi 

MOeft RaSHH. OflTB CO BCeBOSMOJfcHUICH HpeAOCTOpOXHOCTaMH COO6- 

n^HJTB MHi TO, HTO 6uao baboBh6 secTORO CRpuBaTB OTB Mena; 
b6o, RaRi npeacAe nepeaepnyao MeHa rope, TaRB TenepB nepeaep- 
Hyjia Mena paAocTB: a ynaia b'b ofiMopoRi 6ojtbe onacniifl, Him 
npe»Ae, 6ujio He aerRO opHBecTH Mena wb HyBCTBO. 

Ha Apyi'oft A^HB BB TK>pBir6 npoHsonuia no hcthh6 nenajiBHaa 
cufiiLA. IlepBoe, HiicB npHBiTCTBoaaao Mena yTpo, 6tuiiB norpe- 
OaaBHUft 8B0H^ 6oaBmoro RoaoROja bi i^epRBH rpo6a FocnoAHa. 
JIhidb tojibro ohb pasAaaca, RaRB hsi aicH ocyacAeHHUXB no- 
cjmmaaHCB Mpa^Hiie ctohu h rphrh nare necHacTHtix'B, roto- 

pue TOlCHaHCB TaiTB B ROTOpUXB AOaSHBI 6UJIH RaSHBTB Bl 

aroTB A^HB sa pasHua npecTynaeHia, vh toitb hhcjii% Aayxi sa 
y6iBcTB0. 

R% Bxi CTOHaBB npBMimBBaJiica cicinxaHHuft ^ya^ TiopBiai, 
rA:6 saRJUoqeHHue rpy6o BSRasuBaaH CBoe conyecTBie Hec^acTHuici, 
HAyn^HMi Ha cuepTB; nxi rope BupasaaocB paaaHUo: oahh naa- 
RaflB, Apyrie nocuaaan bitb secTORoe ypa cb noxeaaHieirB cna- 
CTaBBaro nyra, TpoTBB npoRaHHaaH h ocysAaaH rbxii, rto no- 
ciiaajTB Bxi Ha ama^OTB; icHorie xaaian ocyacAeHHux'B b eecBHa 
HeMHorie MoanaBCB sa hbxi. 

M4. Oix*n L 8 



114 * F7CCK0B BGTATCTBO. 

Sji^ich no^TH He 6hjio m'^ctr TaROicy AymeBHOiiy coctoahuo, 

HT06U H MOi;Jia COCpeAOTOHHTB CBOH MilCJIB H 6jliarOCJIOBJUITB MH- 

JiocepAHoe ITpoBHA'i^Hie, KOTopoe BupBajio Men^ hsi Korreft Bi^- 
HOfi CHepTH; HO a MOJinajia, nairb HiMaa, b 6ujra norjion^ena oahhitb 

dTHBil HyBCTBOHl H 6uJia HecnOC06Ha SBipaSHTB TO, ^0 BOJir- 
HOBOJIO MOH) AyiOy; BlTaRHlT> CJry^aSX'BCTpaCTHCJIHIIIKOM'LCBJIBHO 

B086yjRAaK)TT> ^ejiOBtRa, ^to(5u oht> Morb ynpaBJi^Tb hxi ABBJRe- 
Hleicb. 

Bee BpeM^, noKa HecnacTHHe. ocyxAenHHe roxoBHJiHCB Kh 
CMepTH H CB^meHHER'b HbioreTCRoft TiopBBfu naxoAHJicH npn hexi, 
yBimesaa noKopmbca npnroBopy, see 3to speMH Mena ipHcoia 
Tanaji cHJibHaa Apo^B, RaicB 6yAT0 MoenoJiOJReHieCfiiJiOTOse, ^rro 
E B^epa; a 6HJia raR'B BSBOJTHOBaHa 3thm'b BHesanHbiM'B npHnaA- 
R0M^, iTO TpacjiacB, RaR'B BT> JiHxopaAFci, *a He Morjia hh cmo- 
Tp^TB, HH roBopBTb H xoAHJia, RaKB HOHimaHHaH. EABa Hxi no- 
caAHJiH Bi ROJiecHHiiy H HOBesjm, — y ueun HeAOCTaJno npHcyrcTBUi 
Ayxa BHA'i^TB 3T0,— eABa hxx noBesjui, roBopio a, RaRiRo usb 
HOACTynHJiH cJieabi, n HeBOJiBHO Hanaara puxaTB b pbiAajia xoJiro, 

He Hlri^ CHJI'B OCXaHOBHTB CJieSBI. 

Taicoft opBCTyni npoAOJiJRaoicH co MHOft orojio AByxii^acoBi, 
H nojiaraio xo rbxi nopi, noRa Bci HecnacTHHe ne ocraBHJiH arorb 
Mipi; sarlifB iieH^ oxBaxBJia TBxaa b crporaa paxocTB noRaaHia. 
To 6BIJI0 HCTBHHO BocTopa:eHHoe ^BCTBO GjiaroAapnocTB sa cna- 

CeHHyiO X&B8HB, H dTEMl HyBCTBOMl* H ^BJia HOHTB BOCB XeHB. 



xxn. 

MHt aantHflioTb HasHb ccujikoR.— CBHAaHie gi» /laHitauiNpcKNMb Myweiiir. 

CoycTA AB'6 HeA'i^JiH y Mena abbjibcb ocHOBania onacaiBCJi, 
^ro Bi CJi'bjsyK>iHYJO cecciio Mena BRjiioHarB bi npsRasi 061 bc- 
HOJiHeHiB CMepTHOft rashb; cb 6ojTBmBMB TpyxHocTAMH nocjirb ca- 

MOfi yHB^ReHBOft npOCBCu MHt SaMtHBJIB RaSHB CCUJIROfi; A Q0JIB-- 
:iOBaJiaCB CJIBinROH'b AypHOft BSBtCTHOCTbK) B HB MeHH CXOipijIB^ 

KaR7> Ha jReHii](BHy, coBepniHBmyio He bt> nepBufi paai npecryn-- 
Jienie, xoth bi AS-HHOifB cjiynat ro uni othocbjihcb He oco- 
6eHH0 cnpaseAJiBBO, noroHy ^0 nepeAi sbrohohi si ne 6ujia 
pei^BAHBHCTRofi, raR'B RaR'B cyABJiacB TOJiBRO B'B nepBuft paai, 
H'&M'B B BOcnoJiBsoBajica HpoRypopi npeAJioxcBBi cyAy bhobb ne- 
pecHoip'tTB Moe A^JIO. 

TenepB a 6BiJia yBtpena, ito MHt ociaBBJiB ^bshb, xom b 
coxpaHBJiB ee npa ta^rhxb ycjiOBiax'B; a 6fiiJia ocyjRAena na 
BsrHame, hto Cujio caMO no ce6t yaRacHo, xota Bce «e Jiyqnie 
CMepTB. fl He Bospaacajra hit npoTHB'B nparoBopa, ^b npoTHB'B 
fiu6opa MtcTa cchjirb; RorAa nepeAi rarasaMB ctobti CMoprb b 



PAA^Kna H FOPEOTH. 115 

oco6eHHO TasaA, Kanaa Meaa oacHxajia, mu fotobh Ha Bce, jihiiib 
6u HsOixarb ee. 

Tenepb BOSBpamycB Kb Moeft rysepHaHTK^y KOTopaa onacHo 
8a6ojrbjia h ROiopaa, bha^ npHCjiHsenie CMepra oti> 6ojrb&asi, 
msR'h £ BHA^ft 66 no npHTOBopy, noRaa,iiacB; see dro BpeMH oea 
He 6iiiJia y m6hji, ho KorAa nonpaBHJiacB n CTajia BuzoAHTb, OHa 
Tox^aci) npHffljQia. ^ 

fl OHHcajia eft see, ^to npoHsonuio co mhoA sa aio Bpena; n 
pascKasaJia, JSixs.'b BOJinoBajm iieHH hphjihbh h otjihbu CTpaxa h na- 
AesAibi; EaKHMi) o6pa80U'b h npH KaKHXi ycjioBijo:i> a HsOiaeajiia CBoeft 
poKOBOfl y^acTH; OHBmlft Tyrb me nacTop'B BHpasHJux onacenie, 
mo A CHOBa HaHHy nopo^Hyio jkhshb, RorAa mh^ npHAeioa no- 
nacTB Bi> ysacHoe ofiniiecTBO jnoAeft, o(5uKHOBeHHO ornpaBJiaeMuxi 

B% CCUJEKy. AtftCTBHieJIbHO, A CaMa CI PpyCTBH) AyHaJia 06b dTOlTb, 
MH'& 6UJI0 XOpomO HdB^THO, KaRHX7> CXpaDIHHX'B KaTOpjKHHKOB'b 

BucaxHBaioT'L Ha 6epera BHpraHln, noTOHy a h cRasajia cBoeft 
ryBepnaHTR^, hto onaceHia nacTopa Hirliorb cboh ocnoBanifl. 

— JI,a, Aa! — OTBinajia ona, — ho a HaA^iocB, hto Te6a He 
co6jia3Harb xaRie ymacHue npnirlpH. Ho joanh tojilro Bumejii na- 
CTopB, OHa cRasaJia, hto ne cJi^AyerB naAaib jsyxowb, noTOMy hto, ho- 
TRBTb 6uTB, HaftAerca bosmoshoctb ycipoHib Mena coBepmenno 
HHa^e, ^eMi> noApo6H^ noroBopHTi* co mhok> noTon. 

9 BHHMaieJiBHO nocMOTpijia na nee h aaM'i^iBJia, ^xo ona 
Hii'kia 6ojLie 6oAPBift h Becejiuft bha'B) ^^mx oOHRHOBenno; ne- 
MeftiieHHo y nena boshhrjih TucaHH npeAnojiojRemft OTHocHTejEbHO 
Moepo ocBo6o»AeHia, HO Ji He MOPJia ce6'6 npeACiaBHTB.HH oahopo, 
ROTopoe HO«HO 6ujio 6u ocyn^ecTBHTB; OAHaRO a cJiHmROirb sa- 
HHTepecoBajiacb aiHirb, ^to6u nosBOJiHTb eft yftra, ne oCitacnHB- 
mHCb Bb HOMb A^o. Ona oiRasHBaJiacb, ho laRi RaRb a chjibho 
HacxaHBajia; xo'ona HaHeRHyjia KHi na cboh njianu Bb nicROJib* 
KHXb cJioBaxi>: 

— Ecxb y xe6a AGHbPH, rjol nixb? SnaJia jih xu ROPAa hh- 
6yAb menninBy, Roxopaa oxnpaBJifljiacb 6h Bb ccujiRy, HMifl bi 
RapMani 100 ^ynxoBb^ ahxh moo? 

51 cpasy noHajna bi ^eMb a^o, ho CRasajia, ^xojueEAwbrb 
ocHOBanift naA'i^axbca na hxo jih6o, Rpoiri^ caifapo cxpopapo hchoji- 
HOHia npHPOBopa, n xaRi RaRi na dxy cxpopocxb mh aojurhu 
cMoxpixb, RaRi) Ha MHJiocxb, xo H'bxi noBOAa AynaxB, ^xo epo He 
HCHOJiHarb BO Bceft xoHHocxH. Ha dxo OHa oxBixHJia xojibRo: no- 
npodyem, hxo mojrho 6yAexi CA'bJiaxb... Ha ^rowb ira pas- 
cxasHCb. 

Hocji'b dxopo A npQGHJia Bb xiopbM'6 em,e orojio naxnaAKaxH 
HOA'i^) — noHeMy xaR'b jipsrOy a ne snaio, — ho Bb ROHi^i axopo Bpe- 
MeHH Mena nocaAHJiH na RopaOJib Bb Tensi Bii^xi cb maftRoft 
ESI xpHHaAi^a™ xaRHXb noAJuaxi h xaRHXb osecxoHennuxb cos- 
Aanift, RaRHxi> HHROPAa ne npoHBBOAHJt'b Hbiorexi b'b Moe Bpeica; 

8* 



116 PyOGBOB BOFATCTfiO. 

^ftCTBHTejiLHO, oiiHcaHie BcbTh Hxi 6e8CTiiACTBi, xep8BHx^ njiyr- 
HOft, Hxi noBBAeHlfl BO BpenH nyremecTBin cocTaBHJuo 6u ropasxo 
6oJiBiiiift pascRasi, ^itb HcropU icoefi shshh; y Hena coxpaeH- 
jiHCB HHiepecHUfl sanHCKH no diony noBoxy, noApo6HO cocraBJuefl- 
BJM RainrraHOirB RopaCJia h ero noMon^HiiKOirB. 

BBS'S combEla, HBAO nojiiaraTB, nw 6iiJio 6u 6e8noJi68Ho bxo- 
AHTb 8A^B Bi onHcaHie rtxi HesHa^HTOJiBHHxi cJiyHaflHocreft, 
KOTopufl npoHsonuiH CO MHoft B'b npoMBsyroKi BpeicoHH MesAy 
OROH^aTOJiBHiiH'B pacnopHseHleHi Moeft Bucusnai h OTnpaBRoft 

MOHH B'b AnepHKy. HCTOpIn MOH fijIHSHTCfl Kb KOEUJ H noTOMy 

AJiA TaKHxi noApo6HOCTeft wkrb M^cxa, ho a onHmy tojibro o6- 

CTOflTOJIBCTBa, COOpOBOSAaBIlrifl MOH) BCTpi^y CB MOHMl JIBHRa- 

nrnpcRHMi Hya:eirB. 

EaRi a yjse roBopHJia, owb 6hijrb nepeBOAeHi hsi rjiaBnaro 
o6n^aro oxA'^JieHifl bi oCuRHOBeHHyio Tiopbiiy, Ha TK)peMH0in» 
ABop%, Bicicrt Cb Tpeicfl CBOHiffl TOBapHn^aMH, xaKbRBRi, cnycTa 
HbROTopoe Bpeiia, B'b HHirb npacJiajni Tpeibaro; SA'&cb, a ho 8HaH) 
no^eicy, ohh cha'^Jih ii^ijmxi xps M^cai^a, bi oaRHAaniH cyAa. 
BipoaTHo, ohh namjiH bosmoxhoctb noARynHTb CBHA^TOJieft h no- 
lOMy cyA'B h6 HM^JTb AORaeaiejibCTB'b A^a hxi ofiBEHema. HaRO- 
EeiKb Hocai BceBOSMOSHfiixi) saTpyAHenift cyAB co6pai['b Aocxa- 

TO^HO yJIHR'b npOTHB'b ABJXl, ROTOpHrb H npHFOBOpHJIB B'b CCUfJIRy; 

HO Apyrie ABoe, h OAHH'b hlb-l HHX'b Moft JiaHRaniHpcRlB nyacb, 
ocTaBBJiHCb ein;e B'b noAospiHlH. 9 nojiaraio, tto hpothbi Ra»- 
Aaro HS'b hhxi y cyAa Gujih acnua yjiHRH, ho ho saRony cyAi 
oOasaffb HOopeiri^HHO AonpocHTb abjtxi CBHA^Tesefi, 6e8'b roto- 
pux% OHi» He HMierb npana pi^mHTb Kb3id^\ rbwb ne Monie cyAb 
nocraHOBHJTb ne BunycRaTb hxi hsi Tiopbira, bi HOJiHoft ysi^pen- 

HOCTH, ^TO Vb ROHI^ ROHIfOB'b HBaXCa XBRio CBHA^XeJIH; KaRb 

uwb Raxexca, ci dxoft nijih¥) 6hui8^ CA'i^aHa ny6aHRaitia, bi ro- 
xopoft o6'baBJiaJiH, hxo B'b xiopbui saRJuo^enbi xaRie xo npecxyn- 

HHRH H HXO RaHA^ft SeJiaH)n^ift MOJReXl HXI BHA^^Xb. 

^ejiaa yAOBJiexBopHXb CBoe jiK)6onbixcxBO, a BOcnojibsoBaaacb 
dXHM'b cJiy^aeiTb h, saaanBi, qxo nena orpabajm B'b no^xoBoft 
Ae^cx^6JlbCRofi Rapexi, a o6iapHJia, ^xo seoiaK) bha^xb HBjxh 
pasGoftHHROBi ci 6oabinoft Aoponi; oxnpaBaaacb na xiopeMHbift 
ABopii, a nepeoA&Jiacb h BaRyxaaa CBoe jihi^o xbr'b, hxo ero 6iiao 
noHXH He BHAHO, H oH'b hh b% RaROiTb CJiyqai He Mon nena 
y8Haxb. RorAft a BOSBpaxHaacb oxxyAa Rb ce6i, xo ofii^flBHaa 
Bc6irb| Hxo a xopomo snaio oCohxi npecxyHHHROBi. 

Toxnaci no Bceft XH>pbir6 pasnecca cayxi, hxo Moaab^adH- 
Aepci xo^erb npeAcxasEXb yjraRR npoxHBi oahofo hsi rpaCnxe- 
aeft na 6oabmoft Aoporb, h mx) BcaiACXBfe axoro npHroBopi o 
Moeft ccuaR'b 6yAerb oxM^neHi*. 

Ohh xose ysnaaH oCi axoirb, h Moft nyacb neiceAaeHHO no- 
aceaaJTb yBHA'i^xb dxy Moaab ^aanAepcb, Roxopaa tbri xopomo 



-v 









PAj^OCTH H rOPECTH. 117 

sHaen h xo^en 6uTh CBBKbresbmasfii nporaBi Hero; noaroicy 
H noJiy^HJia nosBOJieHie noftrH jsi> Heicy* fl HiA&iia CBoe Jtynmee 
nJiaiBe, nojiy^HBi Ha 9to paspimenie, h oinpaBBJiacB na iiopeH- 
Huft j^opi, saicpuBi JiHAO oco6eHHoft noBA8EQ&; cnanajia offb 
OHeHB vajio roBopHJEi coMHOft, OHi> cnpocHJUi 8HaK) JiH fl ero; h 
OTB^Hajia: caa, ohoh^ xopomo, TaRi hsm^hbi roJiocB, hto dxo 
BMi^CTi cb saspuTfincB jnii](OHi jramajio ero bo8mo2chocth cocra- 
bhtb ce6i HajiMniee npexciaBJieiiie 060 mh%. Sairi^ ohb ohhtb 
cnpocHJii, vjsjb H ero BH^iJia, sl oTB^^ajra: Mesjty ^eHCTdfijieBrb 
h BpHRXHJieirb; npn^eirb, o6paT;s[CB ri CuBmeicy lyrb crpasHHRj^ 
H cRasajia, ne MoaRen am oh% ocxaBiiTB naci BXBoeifb; hocju^a- 
Hift o^eHB BisjiHBO yxamJicji* 

£^Ba TOJiBRO OHi Bumejui, RaRib jisanepjia ABepB, cHflJia cboh> 
noBASRy H, saJiHBaacB cjieaaBiHy BOCRJiHRHyjia: 

— Jl^oporoft MoB, BU He yaHajra moha? 

Owb no6jiiAHiji'b H He mofb butobophtb cjiosa, EaRi nopa* 
jReHHHt rpoMOBuifB yflapoMi; 6yjQrHB ne b% CHJuaxi csepsaiB 
CBoe HsyifjieHie, oh'b CRasajii tojibko: cIIoBBOATe mh% cIctb». 
IIoToiffB OHB c&h'b bo3ji% CTOJia, noffnepi pyRoft rooioBy h bi 
oi^inenlHiH onycrnjTB rjiasa bhbsi. Ci CBoeft CToponu, h chjibho 
HJiaRajia h xojsro ne Morjia bhfobophtb CAOsa, ho noxoMi, AaBi 
BOJiK) CBoeft CTpacTH, fl noBTopsjia OAHO: cjl^oporoft Moft, bu ne 
ysHaJDi Menai.HadTO ohi oiBi^THjrB cH-lirBi. ^oarooHi ne ro- 
BopHJTB HH cjioBa. ^yBCTBO HByMjieHiH He ociaBJiHJio ero» HaRO- 
ne^b owb HOAHJiJi'B Ha MeHH rjiasa h CRasajTB: 

— HeyacejiH bh la^B secTORB?— 9 ne noHHJia, hto ohixo- 
rkjTh h OTB^Hajia: 

— HeyjRejiH bu Mosere nasHsaTB Mena jReciORoft? 

— npHXTH Ro MH% CK)Aa, Bi> dTO HpoRSflToe M%CTo» CRasaJii 
OHi, HesHa^HTB j[H dTo— ocRop6jiflTB veHfl! HoB^A^ ^ He orpa- 
Chjtb BacB no Rpaflneft wbpb na CojiBmoft Aopori? 

Hbx aroro a yBHA^Jia hcho, hto oh% HHHero ne snaerB 
Moeft HecHacTHoft jrhshh, h xyMdM^b, tto a, ycJoixaBi, mo owb 
dAlcB, HBBjracB ci nishjo ynpe&aTB ero sa to, hto owb mohh 

tfpOCHJTB. Ho fl ROpOTRO 06l»HCHHJia, HTO npHHijia He A^ Toro, 

^o6ii ocRop6jLflTB ero, a nanpoTHB'B, a npHnuia r% neny cb 
it^BH) BsaHMHaro yitimeHla, wb ^ewb owb j&bsfnaiy RorAa a 
CRasRy eny, ^0 Hoe noJiOHenie bo KHorHxi oTHomemaxi xyace 
ero. IIocjii^AHia ciOBa ero H'bcRoaBRO BcrpeBoauauiH, xoia ohi^ 
H cnpocHJn MeHa, cb jiencoft HacifimRofl: 

— PasBi aro BosMoauio? Bu sacTaere nena wb HBiorerl, 
Mea^Ay AByna npHroBopeHHuiiH ToaapHH^aMH, h roBopHie, tto 
Bame nojioaceme xyse Hoero. 

— TaRi, CRasaJia a, Bce dro B^pno, ho ccjih a saiTB 06'BacHH), 
HTo a npHroBopena r^ cnepTH, TorAa bu coroiacBTecB, hto moo 
HOJETosceHle xyse Bamero. 



118 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

TeuGpB oHb aaMOJiieb, KaKi Cy^TO y Hero othhjich ji3hct... 
Mh cknH E if pascBiasajia 6My hsi* Moeft jrhbhh see, ^o Haauia 
} jtoCffwiTb, oSmchhbi, wo « Bnajia hi icpaftHioio C'^ahoctb, ko- 
Topan Gy^TO 6m h 6pocHjia Mena bi xypHoe oGmecTBO. 

— Ha MO© HeciacTBO, ofi'MCHHJia a, Meaa npiiHHjrH bx nopB- 
irfe 3a BrfeicyK) EF^B'IcTHyio h sHaMeHHryio BopoBRy Mojijib $JiaH- 
jiepcB, KOTopoft Bci cjiuxajiH, ho hhrto He BHfliJTL..: Ho 9to, 
KaKii 6My xopoino bbb-Ictho, He Moe hma. ^ojito a pascKaaiiBajra 
eicy Toif^, ^To 6hjio co mhok) cb rtxi ^op^, KaKT* ira paa- 
CTftJiHCB; H Memay npoHHM'B, KaKi a BHj^ijia ero b^ to BpeMa, 
Kor^a 0H^ ne nojiospteajTB 061 otoitb, BHjkia B'b BpHRXHJurb, ^;^* 
ero upecjitjioBajiH h vjsjb a oOiaBBJia BciicB, wo snaio ero raicB 
^ecTHaro ^BLeeTJiBiffeHa. Bjiaroflapn Moeify saaBJienlio, oGjiaay 
npenpaTHJiH, K0HCTa6jirB pacnycTHJTB BepxoBHx-B no ^OMam. 

Oh^ o^eHb BHHMaTejiBHO cJiymaJTB bck) mok) HCTopIio, MHoria 
no^poCHocTH ^acTO BiiBUBajiH ero yjra6Ky, OffB naxowJTB hx^ 
HHTepecHte cboux^. Ho, Korja a pascRasaJia BprncxHiurfe, ohi 
B'B HayMjeeiH BocRJiHRHyjTB: 

— Snmmi> aro bh, Moa jjoporaa, ociaHOBHJiH HapoAi b* 
BpHKxejijft! 

— ^aj OTB-feTHaa a h CHOBa noBTopnaa pascRasi. 

— Htrkt,, bh mh4 TOTjkB, CHacjiH acHBHB! a CHaCTaHBl rtlTB, 
MTo BaM^ oCflsam. eio, noTOMy wo xenepB xoiy OTnaaTHTB BaiTB 
rhwh ate, a xo^y ocBo6ojprrB aaci, ifinoK) caoeft xhbhh. 

S{ 06'BacHHJia eiffy, wo HOTero btoto ho na^o, wo bto 
fiujui 6m oiBHb 6ojiBmoft pncsi, wo ne ctortb noxBepraiB ce6a 
cJiyqaflHOCTH, pa^ nmero HecTOK)n;eft jkhshh. cHirB,— otb4thjii 
oh'b,— 3Ta mwdUh fl^asi Mena Aopoace Bcero na CB^bTi, axa «R8hb 
^ajia uBb HOByio ^hbhb, noTOicy wo xo nocJoribAHeft MHHyTU a 
HHKorAa He no^Beprajica laRoft onacHOcra, KaKi bi totb pasi^. 

UpH dTOMlr OHB paSCRasaJTB MHi A^HHHyiO HCTOpiH) CBOefi 
jRHBHIf, A'b&CTanTaHBHO OHeHB OpHTHHaJIBHyH) H saHHMaTeaBHyK) 

HCTopiK), ms-h KOTopoft a ysnaaa, wo OHi BKImeJI^ na GoaBmyio 
AOpory aa o^ptRHaAi^aTB atrB ao Toro BpeiceHH, Ror^a xeHHJica na 
M^; wo meHii];EHa, HaBurBaaniaa ero €6paT0ifB>, cobc^itb ne 
6fjj[a ero poACTBeHHHi^eft, a npHHaAJieauuia Ri nxi maftRi; ona 
Bejia CTi HHMH nepenacRy, acnaa nocToaHHO b'b ropoA*, aoTOicy 
^To ifuijia oHeHb mhofo snaROimxTi; OHa coo6nxaaa TO^HuacB'b- 
A^Hia rkxi anaaxi, BKA8«aBmHX'B hb-b JIoHAona, ROTopBia Morae 
cJiy^HTB opOiCHeTOBTB GoraToft ao6u[?h; OHa Ay^aaa npHGpaiB rb 
pyKAM^ Moe cocToaHle, wb to speMa RorAa npEBeaaa Mena R'b 
Heny, ho oGManyaacB, noTOMy wo ohb ne coraacHJica na 3To; 
ysHaBt oTTi Hsa, ^to a ohohb CoraTa, ohb piniHa^ CpocHTB cbok) 
yAaayio aasHB na CoaBmoft Aoport h na^aiB HOByio xhbhb, ne 
noKaajjBaac!* hhfa^ bi oCmecTBi, noRa noca4Ay©TT> RaRaa HHCyA^ 
o6Etafl aMBHCTia nan noRa Ha&Aeri cayqaft RynHTB npomeme npH 



PA^OCTH H rOPKCTJI. 119 

noMon^H ABHerb; ho A'^Jia npnHHjiH hhoA o6opoTii, h eny npHmjioc^ 
BdHTBCH sa CTapoe peMecjuo. 

^oJiro OH'B pascRasHBajn mh*! o cbohx'b npHRJiiOMeHiHx^. M3i> 
BEXb oco6eHHO 6hjih sairl^aTejibHu orpaCjieHie noiTOBuxi Ka- 
pert H3i» Yacrb-^ecTepa Boani JlHK^HJiLAa, r^i ewy AOCiajiacB 
^0Jii>maA AoCu^a, h HanaAeme na nsmh ckotoboaobi» Ha SanaA*]^, 
ixaBiDHX'B Ha jipMapsy hsi BeA^opAa bi» yHjnmapi aa noKyn- 
Koft OapaHOBi; sa aiH ABa pasa owb aoOhjh ctojibro Aoner-b, 
HTo, no ero cJioBam, ecjin 6m ohi snajn, rA'6 a naxoAHJiacb, 
TO HaBlpHoe npHHiiJii 6h moo npeA^ojRenie oinpaBHTbCA Buicrl 
CO MHofl B^ BflprHHlK), taI M£I MorJiH 6u ycTpoHTBCH, nplo6piTH 
HjraHTai^iH) bjih nocejiflCB bi> KaKofl nnCyAb Apyroft anrjiificRoft 

BOJIOHiH. 

Ohi Hanflcajn mh'I ipn nacbMa, no yRasannoMy uhoh) aApecy, 

HO HH Ha OAHO He nOJiy^HJIb OTStTa. JI,MCTBHTeJIbHO, a O^OHb 

xopomo snajia, hto ara nncbua r noJiyHHJia wb to BpeicH, RorAa 
6hiJL2L flcenoft Moero nocJi^AHHro icyxa, h ne icorjia na nnxb ot- 

E'l^THTb... 

UooLi aToro b. npocHja ero pascKasaTb mb% cyn^HOCTb na- 
CTOfln^aro A'^a h H^irb oho yrpoauierb eMy. Ohi o6iacHHJi'by 
Hxo npoTHBi) Hero H'lTb HEKaKHXii yjiHK'b, xoTfl ero o6bhhhk)ti 
Bb Tpexi nocJi^AHHXb rpaSejRax'b, hsx ROTopuxii, no cnacTJinBoft 
cnyHafinocTH, ohi> saifiniaH'b TOJibRO Bb oahomb. Ki TOMy se 
npOTHBi Hero zideTCH TOJibRO oahhi CBHA^TOJib, Hero ajia cyAa 
HeAOCTaTOHHo; ho cyAi* noJiaraeii, hto HaftAJi'CH APyr^®» ^i no- 
TOMy, RorAa OHb yBHA^jn moea, to Ay^^ajTb^ ?to h npHmjia ciOAa 
HMOHHO cb aTOft Ai^io. TaRHMB o6pa30Mb OHi nojiaraerb, hto, 
earn hhrto ne noRaJKorb npoTHBi Hero, TorAa ero onpaBAaiorb, 
xoTa OHb HMicTb yRasamfl, qio, Bb cjiyw6 ero corjracia, ero 
ornpaBHrb Bb ccujiRy 6e3b cyAa; ho OH'b totobii hath Jiyime 
na BHckuHi^, niwb Bb ccujiRy, TaRX RaRi> 6e3i> y^uica He 
Hoserb noAyMaTb o tomb, ?to ero comjiiorb na njianTa- 
^iH, noAo6Ho TOMy, RaRb pHMJiaae ccujiaJiH CBonxb pa6oBi bi 
pyAHHRH. 9to o6n^ee MsrlHie Bcixii A^dHTJibMenoBi, ROTopue, 
6jiaroAapfl CBoeft sjioc^acTHoft cyAb6i, CTaiH paaCoftHHHaTb Ha 
Gojibmofl Aoporod; RasHb noJUOSKHrb Roneiicb BciM'b seMHUMb 6tA- 
CTBiflMi>; <iTO sue RacaoTOL Bonpoca, ?to 6yAerb noTOMb^ to, no 
ero MHiniK), RaiRAuft nejiOB^Rb CRopie Moserb HCRpeuHO 
pacRaHTLca bb Te^eniH nocjr^AHHX'B nflXHSM^i^aTn AHeft CBoero 
cyn^ecTBOBaniH, noAi)' BJiiaHieMi> rpHAyn^efl RasHH h jkhshh b% 
TiopeMHofl flMi fi^isi ocyaLA^HHUXB, H^Mx Wb nycTUHflX'B H Jiicaxi 

AMepHRH; HTO pa6CTB0 H RaXOpjRHUH pa60TU TSkKiH BOn^H, ffi RO- 
TOpUXl) HG MOacerB yHHSHTbCH HCTHHHUfl A^OHTJIbMeH'B; HTO 0H% 

CJiy^caxB cpeACTBOM'B sacxaBHTB Rd^Aaro hsi hhxb CA'^JiaxbCH 
coGcTBOHUHM^ aa.iaqoMi>; axo ropa3AO xy^RO h y qero ne Aocxa- 
HerB Tepninia Aa^e Ay^^*^^ o^*^ aroMi. 






120 pyCCKOE BOrAICTfiO. 

H ynoipeGHJia bck) chusj icoero KpacHopinlfl, hto6ii pasy&l- 
ABTb ero Bi ero BarjuiAsai, npHdaBJi caioifi KpacHopiHHBUft 
AOBOA^ soHiitHHu— cjnesH* fl FOBopHJia 6My, HTO Hoaopi nyfijiHH- 

HOfl RaSHH SOJIOKeH'b HOJlMGTBOBaTBHaA^KeHTJIBMeHa CBJIBHie Bca- 

Koro Apyroro ocKop6jieHlfl, BaRoe ohi Moacen bctp^tbtb sa mo- 
peifb, HTo BO BCARoiTb cjiy^ai jnyHine jkhtb, Htin> yMopexB or& 
HacBJiBCTBeHHOft cuepTH; HTO eny Cyxerb ae ipyxHO 'npio6picTH 
pacnojioseHie KamiTaHa KopaCaia, Tasi saBi o6uBHOBeHHo dTO 
6iiBaiorb juoAH ch npeRpacHuirb xapaicTepoM'b, h ^o, Bexfl ce6ji 
xopomo H oco6eHHo hm&i a^bth, obi» Bcerja flaflA6TB bosmos- 
HOCTL BURynHiB ce6a, no npH6iiTiH bi BBprHHiio, oco6eHHOy 
ecjiH, RaiTb mb KaxeTca y Hero H-lrb HexocTaTRa bt» ffiEhTdxi^y 

ROTOpUil B'b nOAOGnOMl nOJIOSeHlH ABJULKITCA eAHHCTB6HHUin> Bip- 

HHM'b APyroHi. 

Ohi yjiu6Hyjtca h orvkaurbj mro ho roBopHjn HHi, hto 
y Hero ecib AeHBrn. fl pisRO nepeCnjia ero, CRasaBx, hto b9^ 
Moero pasroBopa HejBSfl 6ujio npHAXH ri saRJUoHemK), ?to h 
oauBAaH) orb nero RaRofl-jra6o ^0M0^^[, ecjiH ohi» h HM^erb 
AOHBrH; He cMorpa na to, hto y mohh ex% HOHHorOi h ho 
Hyag^aiocB, h CRople opHCaBJuo Kb ero sanacy, i!kwb nosbuj 
y Hero; m npeAJiaraio eny aio ho noioMy, ^o6ii ne Horjia o6oft- 
THCB 6effb ero homo^h, ho AyMaio, hto bbmi jiyHuie Bcero hobh- 

HyiB OTOHeCTBO H OTOpaBHTBCH 3CHTB lyAa, TA^ MU CyAeid JKHTB 

CB060AH0, a He uogb rfleroMi BOcnoMEHanlft xiopBM^, ni xh 
ciaHeiTB pasMunuiaTB HanlHxi npoouiHX'b (S^ACiBiaxi, cosna- 
Baa, HTO HamH Bparn naci saCujiH h hto mi SHBem HOBbiicH 

JIIOAbMH Vb HOBOMl Uipby HO 8Haa HHROrO, RTO 6u Morb HanoM- 

HHTB Haii!B HBHie npoHuioe* 

9 BUCRasuBaJia bc^ 8tb aoboau lasB ropAHO h na wA ero 
crpacTHUfl BospaseHiA si OTB^najia laRi yO^AHxejiBHO, tto HaRO- 
Heiii OHi oGhajtb Mena h CRasaai, hto hoa HCRpeHHAfl npBBfl- 
saHHOCTB Ri HeHy Ho6%AHJia ero h hto ohi npHHeTB Moft coBirb 
H sacraBHTB ceCa noAHHHBTBca poROBOft cyAB6i> naAtflCB HaftATH 
noAA^psRy Bi laROMi B^pnoMi APyri h TOBapHo^'l no HecnacTBio. 



xxm. 

Ha 6opTt Kopa6jifl. — flNCbHO kb noeft ryBepHaHTKt.— Mod nyHB OTnpas- 

JUieTGfl BMtCTt CO MHOft. 

Ho BOSBpan^aiocB ri ce6i. Bpeifa Moero oinpaBJiema npH- 
6jnuRaJD[ocb. Moa ryBepnaHXRa, npoAOJURaa 6fiiTB mohmi b^phbhtb 
ApyroMi, A'^^di nonuTRH HcxoAaTaftcTBOBarB mh^^ npon^eme, ho 
fl He Morjta noJiyHHiB ero, ho HCipaTHB'B scero Moero RanHiajia; 
laRHiTB oepasoMB MHi upBHiJiocB 6u HpHHHMaTBCfl sa CBoe cia- 



M^ 



PAflOCTH H rOPECTH. 121 

poe poMecjiio, hto 6ujio xyjRe BCflxofi cchjikh, ta^ a MorjiaTaici* 
HJiH HHane cyn^ecTBOBaTB. 

Bi ^eBpajLi ificaiii mh bi HHCjri ipnHaAiiaTH cchjibhuxi 
^BiJiH CAaHU Kym^y, ROTopsrft npoHSBOABJi^ loproBjiio ci BHp- 
rHHleft, Ha Ropa6jiB, cxoABmift na ^Ropi bi Jl^enT$opA'B-pBr&. 
TiopeMHHft o4>Hi](6p'B AOCTaBHJix Haci Ha 6op!rb Ropa(5jifl, h xo- 
sieiHH'B Ropa6jiH BHAaju'L eny pocHHCRy wh nojiyieHiH. 

Ho^Bio HaA'B nameft RaioToft sanepjiH jiiori h nacx noM^CTHJiH 
TaR'b t6cho, hto a 6oAJiacb saAOXHyTBca orb neAOCTaTRa BOSAjxa; 
Ha Apyroft jifiBh yrpoiTB Kopa6jiB noAHAflOb JiRopB, h mu cnycTH- 
jiHCb no p'^Ri AO MicTa, BSB'^CTnaro noKb BneHeifB Bi>K)rc6ofici- 
Xojib; roBopBJiH, ^to aio CA^JiaJui no corjiameHiio cb RyniioM'B, 

^06il JIBHIHTB HaCB BCHROfi BOSMOSHOCTB 6%»aTB. OAHaRO 26, 

RorAa Ropa6jiB crajii sa'I^cb Ha HRopB, HaMi hobbojuijih buSth 
Ba najiy6y, xoxa h ho na nucaHi(u, ROTopue o6iiRHOBeHHO npoA- 
HasHanaercfl jmsi RanHTana h naccaauipoBi. 

RorAa no myny maroBi HaA'B Moeft roJiOBOft h ABHaceniio 
Ropa6jiifl fl saiflTHJia, hto hu BAeifB hoa'b napycaifs, to npHmjia 
Bi CBJSBHoe HOAoyMtHie; a 6oflJiacB, hto mu yftAeiTB, He hobh- 
AaBmHCB Cb naniBMH jsfijshauE; no CRopo a pasyCiABJiacB bi 
drtowbj cjiuma, ^to 6pocaK)rB aRopB; bi to sue Bpena rto to 
coo6n^BJi'B, hto yxpoMii naifB nosBoaan BuftxH na naiyCy A^a 
CBHAania cb riBm, rto ri* naici npliA^rB- 

BcH) dTy HOHB a cnajia na roaoM'B nojiy, bm^ct^ cb ApyrflMH 
apecTaHTaMB; ho hotomi nam otbojoi najieHBRia RanopRB, no 
RpaftHeft liipi T^iTB, y Roro 6£rjiH nocTOJin, b yroJiB A^a cyn- 
AyRa BJia HOMOAaaa oi Skshewb, ecaB rto bm'Iji'b ero. 3to Heo6- 
xoABMO npH6aBBTB, noTOMy hto y HiROTopHXi TOJiBRO B 6uaB 

rb COpOlRH, HTO Ha HHXB, B HB OAHOFO 4>apTBHra Bli RapMaH'6. 

OAHaRO 26 a h6 BHA'&Jia, hto6u ohb Topn^an 6oaBmyio ny^Ay 
na Ropa6ai, ocoCenno meHn^BHu, ROTopuirB MaTpocu AanaJiB sa 
AeHBTH crnpaTB CBoe 6taB6 h np., hto A&Baao t^mt* BO81102- 
HOCTB npio6ptTaTB Heo6xoABM06. 

EoPAa Ha ca'^Ayion^eo yxpo nacB BHnycTBaH na naay6y^ a 
cnpocBaa y oahofo bbi cayman^Bxii paspimarB an mhI nocaaxB 
na 6eperB nncBico mobhi APysBaifB, ?to6u ohb, ysnas'B ta^ mu 
CTOBM'B, MoraB upBcaaTB MH^ H^ROTopua H6o6xoABMua Bentn* 
dTO 6ujn> 6oiiHaH'B, loaoB^R'B o^eBB BiauiBBBift B npBBi^TaBBHft; 
owb oGiacHBax, ^to cb nepBUMB npnaBBOMi m JIohaohi OTnpa- 
BHTca Ropa6eaBHuft 6orB b ohb CA^aerB pacnopa^enie ao- 
cxaBBTB Ha neiTB Hoe hbcbmo. 

JI^iftCTBBTeaBHO, OH'B AOCTaBBa^ MOO HBCBMO Bi pyRB ryBop- 
naHTRB H npHBes'B otb^tb; nepoAanaa MH'b ubcbmo, ohi B03Bpa- 
TBai AaHHBifl mhok) niHaaBHrB, roBopa: 

— B08BMHT6 BamH ABHBFB, oHi He noHaAo6BaBCB, hbcbmo a 
AOcraBBai caMi. 



122 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

MeHA TaK'B yj^iBBJio 3T0, nro cna^ajia h He sHajia, hto eifj 
CKasaTb, OAHaso, nociii^ He6ojibinoft naysu, ^ oTS'lTnjia: 

-^ Bu cJTHinKOKi Ao6pHr, capi; h 6100 6u coBepmeHHO 
cnpaBeAJiHBO, ecJiH 6u bbi ocTasHJiH jifiiihWi y ce6a sa HcnonHeme 
Moero nopyneHia. 

— H*Ti, h4tt>,— CKaaaji^ oh^,— Mfffe h laKx xoporao sanjia- 
TRJiH. Kto ara Aaua? Bama cecrpa? 

— H'bn; osa xoth MH'b h ho poACTBeHHHi^a, ho Moft camift 
AoporoB H eAHHCTBeHHBift Apyrb bi nipi. 

— B'IpHO, HTO Majio TaRHX'B Ha CB'bTi xpyseft. Bu snaere, 
OHa njiaKaJia, Kasi peCeHORi, iHTaa Bame hhcbmo. 

— 0, Aa, — sairtTHJia h,— a yBipena, ^to ona ne noaaji-kaa 6h 
H cia (j^yHTOBii, ecJTH 6bi Morjia BupBaTB M6Ha HS-B dToro yjRac- 
Haro HOJiomeHifl. 

— HcyaceJiH?— cnpocHJn oht*,— ho a ayMaio, tto a Mort (5h 
Ba noJioBBHy a&tb sairB bosmokhoctb ocBo6oAHTBCfl... Owb TaRi 

THXO CKasaJTB 3TH CJIOSa, HTO HX^ HHRTO H6 MOHB yCJIUmaTb. 

— Ybh, capi,— OTBi^aJia a, — ho 3to 6hjio 6h xaKoe ocbo- 
GojRAenle, tto ecjiH 6u MOHfl noftnajiH, to h sanJiaTHJia 6fii sa 
nero CBoeio hchshbio. 

— Aa, pasi) BBI yflAere cb RopadnH, na^o 6utb ohchb octo- 
poacHoft, H Bi 9T0Mi> OTHomBHiia H HHHero He Mory CRaaaTB. 

Ha aroiTB mbi noRa npeRpaTHJiH pasroBopi. 

Me3RAy liBTB moa ryBepnaHTRa, Bipnaa ao nocJiixHeft n- 
nyru, nepeAajia hhcbho icoeMy Myacy B^ nopBic y h noJiy^HJia Ha 
jiero OTBi^TB; na Apyroft a^hb, ona nplixajna cava, npiiBesjia mh^, 
BO-nepBuxi, TaRi nasuBaeMyio MopcRyio RoftRy h o6HRHOBeHHyH) 
AOMamHEOK) yTBapB; noTom. cyHAyRi*, cA^JiaHHBift cnei](iajiBH0 a^ 

MOpaROBl, CO BCitfH yA06CTBaMH H HanOJIHeHHUft BdlfB, HTO MHi 

6BIJII0 Heo6xoAHHo; wh oahoitb hsi yrjioBi aioro cynAyRa ycTpo- 
eni 66101^ HOTaeHHBift an^HRx, bi ROTopom xpannJiacB Moa Racca, 
TO ecTB B^ Hefi ona nojiosHJia ctojubro A^HerB, crojibro a pt- 
niHJia BsaTB cb co6oB. fl npocnaia ee ocxaBHTB y ce6a nacTB 
Moero RannTajia, cb t'Imi hto6bi ona RynnJia h npHCJiana mh^ 
noTOMi t4 Benj;H, ROTopaa nonaAoCaTca, ROrAa a ycTpoiocB, no- 
TOMy 1T0 AGHBrH He HMtioTB ocoCeHHaro sHaneHia xairB, ta* Bce 
HORynaFOTB sa Ta6aR'B; npa canovB (5oJiBmoirB 6aaropa3yi[iH 6hjio 
Cbt He BBiroAHO bobth hxi oTCiOAa. 

Ho Moe noaoaceHie B^ aroM^ OTHomeniH 6Hao coBepnieHHO oco- 
6eHHoe: a ne Moraa ornpaBaaxBca wb ccuany 6e3'B A^HerB b 6(^31 
Ben^eft, ho cb Apyrod CTopoHU ne icorao ne oCpaiHTB na ce6a 
BHHMaHie TO, "iTO 6tAHaa apeciaHTRa, Roxopaa AoaacHa6uTB npo* 
AaHHOfl xoxHacB RaRi cxyHHTB na 6eperB, BesexB cb co6oft 
CoaBmoft rpysi pasaHqHUX'B xoaapoBi; axH xoBapu Moran roh- 
$HCR0BaxB; noaxoMy a Bsaaa cb co6ok) xoabro ^acxB CBoero ica- 
HHxaaa, ocraBa Apyryio y Moeft ryBepHanxRH. 



PA^OCTH H rOPECTH. 123 

Oea iipHBe3Jia mh'I mhofo ApyrHXT» Ben^efi, ho h AOJiHcea 6s- 
Jia H6 oco6eHHo BftciaBjiHTB Hxi> Ha noRasi, noBpafineft H'&p'l, 
jsfl rkxT, Hopii, noRa ne ysnaio xapaRiepa namero KanHTaaa. Korxa 
MOH ryBepHaHi;Ka Bomjia na Kopa6jii>, a ^^ficTBHrejuLHO Aynajra, 
?T0 ona yHperB; y nen saMepjio cepme npH mhcjih, ito ona 
pascTaercH co MHoft bi xaROirb nojioaceHln; ona njiaRajia laRi 
CesyrlniHO, hto h aojifo ne Morjia Ch He& roBopHTb. 

TiMT) BpeMeneiTb a ycntja npoiHTaiB nacbMO otx Moero My- 

aWl, Bt ROTOpOMl OHb rOBOpHJIT), ^TO HG MOXerb Ta!Cb CRopo 

co6paTi>CH, qTo6u OTnpaBHTbca co mhoA na oahomi Ropa6ji'l; ho 
rjEaBHoe, oh^ Ha^HHaerb coMH'iBaTbCfl, htoCu eiiy hosbojuijih 
Bu6paTb Ropa6;[b no CBOOMy jRejianiio, xoth owb OTopaBJiHeiCH bi 
ccujiEy He no cy^y, a Ao6pOBOJibHo; ecjin trb, 6aiaroAapa RaROMy 
Hn6yAb Hec?acTbK> na Mopi hjih Moefi CMepiH, oh'e He sacxaHerb 
xeHH TaiTb, TO dTO nory6Hrb ero naBcerAa. 

Bee axo npeACxaBJiajio xaRia saxpyAHeHia, ?xo a He snajia, ^xo 
A^axb; a pascRasaaa Moeft ryBepnaHXRl name a'^o C'b Mjx,ewb^ 
He oxRpbiBaa snpo^eirb, hxo oh'e Moft Mysi, n o6'bacHnBi> xojibRO, 
Hxo M£i corjiacHJincb ixaxb bm^cx^, ecjiH eny pasp-lmaxi oxnpa- 
BHXbca Ha xonTb He Ropa6a'&, h hxo ohb Hiiiexi A^Hbrn. 

Tenepb sue rjiaBHoft saCoxoft 6ujio ycxpoHXb laRi, hto6h 
owb Morb oxnpaBHXbca na oahomi Ropa6jr6 co MHoft, ^ero hbi 
HaEOHeut'b H AOCTHFJiH, xoxa ci 6ojibniHMH saxpyAHeHiaMH, nps 
HeiTb OHi ipjisiewb 6fi[Ji'b noABeprnyxbca Bcin'b ^opuajibHOCxaifb 
ccfiuibHaro Raxop^HHRa, xoxa oxnpaBjiaaca bi ccuJiRy ne no cy- 
Ay; 3X0 6ujio A^^ Hero 6ojibmHMT> ocRop6jieHieMB. IIpaBAa, ero 
ocBo6oAHJin oxi pa6cTBa h noxoMy ero ne MorjuH, RaRi naci, 
npoAaxb no npnCHiin bi BnprnHiio, ho sa xo ohb 6um o6a- 
8aHT» sanjiaxHXb sa CBoe nyxemecxBie RanHxany, orb ^ero mm 
6ujiH H86aBJieHu; Bce axo npHBOJio ero naRonei^x bb xaRoe ne- 
AoyMinie, ^xo ohb, RaRi pe6eH0Ri, ne Mon> nn^ero ji^^JiBTh Oesi, 
yRasanift. 

MexAy T^^*^ ^ npoBeaa jqtufiix'b xpn hoa'^jih bi neonpoA'^- 
jneHHou'b nojioaceniH: a nesnaaa, 6yAex^ jhh cobihok) MOfi nyxB 
HJIH ni^xB, noaxoMy a h He icorjia pimiixb, bb RaROUB ctfucJit 
npHHaxb npeAJiojEenie ^ecxnaro Coi^icaHa, ^o ao cnpaBOAJiaBOCXH 
Rasajiocb eMy Becbua cxpannuafb. 

B'b KOEVijb dxoro BpeMena Mofi uymi> npHSbiJiB na Ropa6jib; 
OHTi 6hiJUb pasApaKeHB h HMtin> yHHJiHft bhab; ero ropAoe cepA- 
isfi rhhIjio raiBOMB h neroAOBameirb na xo, ?xo ero, RaRB Ra- 
TopxHHRa, npHBoaH H 6pocHJiH na Ropa5jib xpn HbiorexcRHXi 
xropeMHHX'b cxopoxca. Owb ropbRO ponxajiB na cbohxb Apy^eft, 
Roxopue xoxa h xoAaxa&cxBOBajiH o homb, ho BCxptxEiH Cojib- 
mia saxpyAHOHia h hmb o6BaBHJiH, ^xo esfy ORasaHa 6ojibniaa mh- 
Jiocxb, noxoMy mo nocjri noJiyneHHaro hmb paaptmenia na ao- 
6poBOJibHyK) ccHJiRy oxRpBijiHCb HpoxaBB Hero xania yjiHRH, hxo 



124 PyCGROB BOrATCTBO. 

ero cjii^oBajio npexsTB cyjy. Sion oiBirb ycnoKOHjn» Moero 
uy:Ea, laK^ Rairb OHi o^eHB xopomo seaJTb, hto ojRBAaJio ero no- 
cjrfi cy;ia, h Tenepb tojibro owb oujbnBJn> Moft coB^rB corJiacHTBCfl 
fia j^oCpoBOJiBHyK) ccuaRy; Rorxa oetb ycnoKOBjicfl h ero psa^pa- 
mmhe ^poTBB^ aiHX'B aACRRxi Hn^eeEi, RaRi ohi HasHBajn cy- 
Aefl^ Dpomjio, JiHi^o ero npoacHEJuocB h owb ciajrb Beceju. H 
cKasBJia euy, RaRi sl c^acTJinsa, ^xo MEi y^ajiocb BTopoft pa3i> 
BupBaTB ero HSi Rorreft. Owb o6HAJi'b VLena. m Cb rjiy6oRoft h^* 
HOCTbio QpHBHaJn, HTO A A'^CTBHiejiBHO xajia eify laRoft cob'Itb, 
Mjime KOToparo nejiBda 611IJ10 npHjQTMaTB. 

-- /|,oporaA MO)i, CRasajHi ohi, — tu hh*! ABa pasa cnacjia 
mii3HB! Othuh^ OHa npHHaAJressTB xeCi h a Bcerfta 6yAy cji'^ao- 

BaTB TBOHICB COB^TaHB. 

IlepBod Hameft 8a6oToft (5ujio onpeA'&iHTB HamH cpeACiBa; 

QHli OIKpOBOHHO otf'BflCHHJIB MH'b, HTO, fCOFAa erO npHBOJIH Bli 

TiopbMy, TO y Hero (5uJii nop^AOHHHft RaimTajn, ho shshb xaifi, 
Tia TipaBaxii A^RGHTJiBMeHa, npioGpixeHie Apyseft h pacxoffu no 
BeA^Hiio npoi](ecca CTaJin oneHB Aoporo, TaRB hto y Hero ocrajiocB 
Bcero 108 ^ynxoBB bojiotomi, ROTopue h HaxoA^TCA npn neiiB. 
pjiaBHoe name HeyAo6cTBO saRjnoHajiocB bi tomi, hto Rann- 
TaJr^B'L;^eHB^ax'BHe6uJI'B npoHSBOAHTeJieH'B npH noceJieniH; a no- 
jiaraio, 'ito yicoero nyasa a^ctbhtojibho ho 6hjio A^nerb 6ojiBnie 
Toro, cKOjn»RO ohii roBopHJiB; ho y Mena wb to Bpena, RorAa cjiy- 
HHJiocL CO MHoft dTO HecHacTBe, JieJKajio bt> 6aHRi erB 700 ao 
800 (l^yHTOB'B, ROTopue naxoABJiHCB bt> pyRaxB Moefl Btpnoft no- 
Apyre. He CMoxpa na to, hto dTa acenn^Hna dujiaCeBii npHHi^- 
noB^, oua coxpannoia hx'b, h TaRBirB odpaBOMB homemo t^xb, hto 
a 6pajia cb co6ofi, y nea ocTaBaaocB 300 ^ynTOBi mohxb a^- 
Herii; Kpoiii Toro a yBOSHJia cb co6oft MHoro i^iHEUxi Ben^eft, 
iieajAy npOHHMi) ABoe sojiothxi qacoB^, cTOJioByio cepeOpaHHyio 
00c J A}' n HicROjn>RO ROJienBi h Bce aTO 611J10 RpaAennoe. C^ Ta- 
KHMT. cocToanieMB h HMia mecTBAecaiB oahhb foab otb poAy, a 

nyCTHJiaCB Bl HOBUft KipT> Bt RaneCTSt CCHJIBHOft, KOTOpyK) H31> 

MHJtocepAia oxnpaBHJiH sa nope bh^cto Toro, hto6u OTnpaBHTB 
ea BHcifejiBAy. Ha iini 6Bijro CTapoe, xoia nncToe h neofiopBan- 
Hoe njraxLe, h na BceMi Ropafijii HHROMy ne 6ujio hsb^ctho, hto 
a Beay ci> co6oft 6oraTHft rpysB. 

Ko mKb RaRii y MOHa 6ujrb 6oaBnioft sanacB ohohb xopo- 
mBxi, njiaxBeBi h GiJihSL, to a npocHJia yjioacBTB Bce bb ABa 
cyBAyiia h AocTaBHTB na Ropa6jiB, aApecoBaBB ero na uoe na- 
CTOiimee HMa bb BHprHHiK); 6HJierB na btotb daraai 6HjrB y 
MeEH Bi> KapMaH*!, bi cyHAynaxB HM'^^crb cb ujid,T!hewb n 6'lju»eii'B 
jre^KEJiH Bci ^•feHHHa Ben^H, nacH, ROJCbi^a n np., KpoMi rfexT* 
AeHerii, RoxopBia a cnpaTaJia bi> 6uBniifi co mhok) cynAyRB bx 
noiaeenoMB an^HKt. Otkphtb btotb ani;HRB nocToponneMy jnmy 
HeJiBsa Oujio, He pasCiiBniH bb KycRH Bcero cyBAyRB' 



PMOCTH H rOPECTH. 125 

TenepB RopadnB Ha^HHajTB HanoJCHaTBca naccasupana, koto- 
puxi pasiiicTHaH o^ghb yxoCno bi 6oj[Bmoft h mejiuxi KaiOTax'B; 
TOJiBROHacBRaropsHHROB'B bbJSuse bhhs'b, ji He 8HaK) Ryxa. Kor- 
j^a npHBeJiH Moero icysa, a otfpaTHlnacB ri 6oittfaHy, yse npe^* 
craBflBmevy ctojibro AORasaTeJtBCiB'B CBoero pacnoJiojReHia ro uBi 
CRasajra, HTO fl TaRi nacio o6pao^aJiacB r-b ero noMoii](H, hto h6 
xoHj ocraBaTBca y nero bi sojiry h npomy hphhatb otb MeHfl 
^OAapoR^. IIpH aioH'B a noaoauuia eny B^ pyRy rHHeio h o6'b- 

HCHHJUa, HTO 3j(fiCB HOft MyjK'B H ICBE HaXOAHMCfl Vb CaBIOlTB HO- 

CHacTHOiTB noJiDsesiH: mi ne npHflaA^esHBTB rt> Tony paspaxy 
jjH)Aeft. cb ROTopfiiHa ira npH6HJiH cioAa, h noToicy xot&jih 6u 
sHaTB, He MOseicB-jiH Mu nonyHHTB OTB RanHTana paspi^meme boc- 

HOJIBdOBaTBCa F&ROTOpfilMH yAO^CTBaUH^ Sa HTO HU OXOTHO SanJUBr 

THiTB eny. Boi^MaHB cb yAOBOJiBCTBieirB hphhajtb AeHBra, oGin^aa 
vsb CBOiD noMontB* 

IIoTOirB OHB CRasajTB HaiTB, TTO He coicH&BaeTCfl B% corjiacia 
RaHHTaaa, nejiOBiaa oh npeRpacHsu'B a Ao6piiifB xapaRTepoHx, 
AOCTaBHTB HaHi jReJiaemiH yAo6cTBa a hto ohb oinpaBarcH na 
OeperB npa npajtaai a neperoBoparB ch RanaraHoirB. Ha cjii- 
Ayion^ee yrpo a cnajia AOJiBme oOuRHOBeHHaro a, RorAa Buifijia 
Ha najiy(5y, to yaaA^jra Coi^MaHa cb ApynatHB MarpocaMa, saaa- 
laro CBoaicB A^aoirB. H cb aiRoropoft rpycxBio cBioxpijia Ha nero, 
sejiaa neperoBoparB. YaaAa iceaa, ohb cairB noAomejii> ro mf&; 
HO a, HO A&Bi eay BpeMeaa aa^aTB pasroBOpB, yj[u6aacB, caaa 
Ha^ajna TaRi: 

— fl 6oK)CB, capx, HTO BU HacB 8a6Haa, aoroay ^to Baxy, 
RaR'B y BacB naoro A^jia. 

Ohi TOTHacB «e ora^^TajTB: 

— IIofiAeMTe CO MHoft, bu yaaAHTe, RaRi a 8a6ujrB aacB. 
H OHB noaejTB aena bi> 6oarimyio RaK)Ty, ta^ sa ctojioitb, 

saaajieHHmrB 6yMaraMa, caA^JTB wReHraBiceHB apacaaoft aapys- 
Hocra a ^to-to nacajTB. 

— BoTB,— CRasajiB 6onaaa%, o6pan^aacB r% aeuy, la ksms,, 
ROTopoB roBopajTB aaiTB Ranaraai. IIotoitb, noBopoxacB ro mh^, 
OH^ npa^aaajTB: 

— H aacTOjiBRo ne saSujTB Bamero xbusL, hto OTHpaaaoica 
aa Aoai rb RaaaTaay a coo6n^ajrB eay aame jRejiaaie bochojib- 
soaaTBCfl BKbcrb cb Bamaaob Myxeir^ yAo6cTBaHa aa Ropa6a%; 
RanaTaai npacjiajTB aroro ASOHTaBMeaa nrrypMaaa, ROTopul} no 
RaseTB aaiTB Raiory a ycipoarB ace no aameay seaaaiK), npa- 
Heai RanaTaai» nopy^aai nai nepeAaTB aairB, hto ci aaaa 6yAyTi 
o6xoAHTBca ae xaaii, RaRi bu aosete oxaAaxB, ho xaai se xo- 
pomo, RaRi a cb Apy^Ha naccasapaaa. 

ToFAa saroBopajTB co MHOft miypaaai, hoaabi hh% BpeaeHa 
noGaaroAApHTB (5oi](aaHa sa ero aiofiesaocTB; oai noATaepAHJTB 
caoBa CoAtfaHa, npaSaaa, ^to aanaraaB BcerAa paA'B 6utb ao6- 



126 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

p£IM^ B MlUIOCTnBUM'B, H 0C06eHH0 Rl> JnOfifiWby KOTOpUXl 00- 

CTHiJio Hec^iacTte. HoTOEt oht> noKaaaJii MHi HtcKOJiBKo KaiorB, 
m'h niiix% ojHi Chjih ycTpoenH bosj!* KaKwrB-KOMnaHiH, «pym 
jtajfbine, nepeAi RaDxoft KanBTana, ho hb bc% buxoahjih b'b dojiBinyK) 
aCmyto icaK)Ty; oh^b irpejiflossjiJVb Mwb BuCpaxL jiK)6yK).. 9 Bsnjia 

OJtHY ia31> DOCJliAHBXX, FA^ MO^KUO 6UJI0 HpeBOCXOAHO noirbcTHTB 

t'^u^'Ex, namH aii^rh h o6iAeHHNfi cTOJmR'B. 

noTOMT> IIITypMaH^ oCiacHEJii MHi, HTO 6oi^iiaHT) ftajii Kann- 
Taey laKoft npeRpacHBifi otsubi o Haci, hto uocjvkjifiii cA^ai'B 
pacnop^;KeHie CKasaTb HaHi, hto mu MOJKeifB, ecjin xoTHifB, 06*]^- 
AatB ci} uHHi> BO Bce Bpenfl Hamero nyxemecTBia, aa odn^nxi 
ycJioBijJXii CO BC^MH DaccaxflpaKH, hto mk Moxeifb caMU cjijk- 
mrh aaoaci* CBtoefi npoBHsia, ecjiH ^e h^tb, to y nero en 6yAen> 
AocTaTO^HO, hto6u mu MorjiH nojiBBOBaTbCA ero ctojioitb. IlocJit 

CTOJIb AOJirEXl H TASKKZX'b HCIEUTaHifl, BCe 3T0 fi^A MeHfl 6UJK0 

rmoA HOBOCTBK), HTO a KaRi 6u CHOBa oJRHJia. 9 no6jiaroA&pHJisi 
mTypMaaa h CRasajia, hto RaimTaHi iioscerb HasHannTB naiCB Ra- 
Kij] yroABO ycJioBiii; noTOifB s. nonpocHJia ero uobbojihtb mh'& ne- 
peA^TB Bce Myay, ROTopHft nyBCTByert ce6a ne oco6eHHO sao- 

pOBHMli H BOTOMy HB B£IXOAnJIl> 611^6 H3X KaiOTU. SaT^lfB H HODIJia 
KTi MyJKy; AiflCTBHTMBHO, OWh CuJTb Jifl TOFO yraeTeHl lilTB 

6e3HecTieMb, ROTopoe, no ero caiOBaMnb, HaHecJiH eny, hto a eABa 
yBHEJia ero; ho noTOMi, RorAa b pascRasajia RaRi iieHH npHHajm 
H KEKx MM ycxpoHMCfl Ha Ropa6jit, OHi CTaJTb coBepmeHHO Apy- 
rHMii HeJioBiROifb: Ha ero JiBjsjb cHOBa noABHJiacB 6oapoctb h 
CHJia, CupaBeAflHBO roBoparB, hto BejraRie yim nepeHOcarB He- 
cHacTjji CB 6oJiBmHMX Ay^^BHuiTB yiHeTenieicii, h^itb oGurho- 

BeHHUe JIIOAH. 



XXIV. 

HeD^yKHOBeHHafl jiio6e3HOCTb Haiuero KanMraHa. — HarpysKa TOBapoBi>. — Bi> 
Aoport.— BcTptna ci 6paT0iiv 

CnycTA Hi^ROTopoe apeiiH mbi hoah^Jihcb Haaepxi*, Moft Mymi 
no6ji;iroAapBJi^ mrypifaHa sa ero Ao6poe OTHomenie ri> naiTB e 
^pocBJl^ iiepeAaTB Toxe RanHTaHy, hotoex ohx npeAJio«HJrB sa- 
njiaTHTii BiiepeA'B Bce, hto otb Hero noTpefiyiorb sa Hami ne- 
])ei3A'i' fi yAo6cTBa, rotopbihh mu 6yAeMi> noJiBsoaaTBCfl bo BpeMfl 
nyTemecTBia. IIlTjrpMaHi oTBinajix, hto RanaTaHB npiiAerB na 
Kopa6jiB nocJii nojiyAHH, h TorAa mu caMn neperoBopHM'B cb hhitb 
061* aioMi. ^tflcTBHTejiBHO, Bi HepBOMTb Hacy aBHJica KamaTaHB; 

dTO GmJI-B OHeHB MHJIUfi H JIK)6e3HUfl ASeHTJIBMeHBy RaRHMl OHH- 

caji^ ero 6oitMaH'B; ohi 6ujii bi BOCTopri orB Moero MyjRa a 
He aaxor^JTB, hto6u mu Banajra BuCpaHHyio mhok) RaiOTy, a no- 



PAAOCTfl H rOPECTH. 127 

C6JIiaJIl> HaCB B^ OWOfl BSl* T^Xl, KOTOpUH BUXOAHJIH B'B 06lIQrK); 

sa Bce OH'B npeffJiojRUJii cbuuh yMipesHUiai ycJiOBla. Bhaho. 6uj[0, 

HTO 3T0 He JRaAHKfi ^eJIOB^Rl), KOTOpuft MOrb 6U CA'i^aTb B3I> 

Haci CBOK) Ao6uHy; ohi bs^jii Bcero naiHaAi^aTL PHHefi, CMBxa^ 
Bi aioft cyHM% Hami npoisA'b h coAep^aaie sa Bce Bpeiiii uyie- 
meCTBiA. 

9 HM^a pasroBopi) ci> Moefi ryBepHaHTEod, Eoxopafl naB^b- 
CTBJia KanHTaea, c^ i^ijiBK) noroBopHTB cb imwb, Ona cicaaajia 
eiiy, HTO HaA'^eica HafliH bosmojkhoctb ocbo6oahtb CBonx'b ee- 
CHacTHuxi A^Teft, Kani ona eaauBajia naci, b'b to Bpeii^, KorAa 
Mu nepe6epeMCH sa nope; sariifb OHa cnpanxBBajia ero, saRi naMi 
nociynHTB js^jla axoro h hto Hani Heo6xoABMO bsatl ci> coGufl 
AJiA nocejueBifl bi AnepHK^. Ohi, KaRi onuTsufi bx aioni 
A'bJui HejioBiRi, cKasajii): MaAani, Bameft KysHei npe«A6 Bcero 
Heo6xoAHMo HaflxH jihi^o, ROTopoe RynHJio 6u ee, RaRi neBOJib 
HHixy, corjiacHO ycJioBUiMi ea ccujirh, h noTOMi» orb hmohh axoro 
jiBi^a ona 6yAeTi> saHBiiaxbca bc&mi, ifbwb yroAHo; xbr^ hxo ouh 
i[oryxi> Rynnxb hjlh yse o6pa6oxaHHyH) njiaHxai^iio, hjih nycxyio 
dCMJuo y npaBHxeJibcxBa. 

noTOMi ona cnpocHjra ero, ho OLiji^eTb-Jiu CA^Jiaxb sa* 
nacb Heo6xoAHMiaxx opyAift b MaxepiajKOB'b ajia ycxpoflcxBa njnau- 
xaiQfl. Ha ^8X0 owb oxBiHajii>: cROHOHflo, axo Heo6xoABMO>. 
ToFAa OHa o6paxHjiacB R^b Heny Cb npocb6ofi noMOHb eft b^ 
9X0Mi> KhJiiy roBopa^ hxo osa npHroxoBHxi» Bce, Hero 6hi dxo 
HH CTOBJio; RanflxaHi cocxaBHJii cuBCOR'b Ben^eft, HeoCxoABMUxi 
njianxaxopy, na cyiiMy orb 80 ao 100 $yHX0BT>; saxini Moa ry- 
BepsaHXRa saRyoHJia Bce xaRi> AenieBO h yMtJuo, KaRi canufi onux- 
Hufi BBprHHCRifl Rynei^i, npH6aBfl Bcero baboo, no Moeiiy yRa- 
saHiio. 

3th Ben^H ona narpysHJia na Ropa6jib na CBoe jluh^ cfijhs^m'b 
Ha xoBapHOfi RBHxaHH;iH nepeAaxoHHyio naAHHCb Moeicy nysy h 
sacxpaxoBaBi> xoBapi; xaRHMii oCpasoMi bi axoM^ oxHomeHiH mu 
CbiJiH ^ coBepmeHHo ofiesneneHbi oxi bcarhx'b cjiyHafinocxeft h 
6iACXBift. 

HaAO CRasaxb, hxo Moft nyacb oxASJi'b bc% cboh 108 ^ynxoBx 
Ha 8TH noRynRH Moeft ryBepnaHTR'^; upoiii xoro a npn6aBHJia 
nsi) CBOHxi), He xporaJi, BnpoHeiii, xoio Rannxajia, Roxopuft ocxa- 
BBJia y Hea. H xaRi y naci ORasaJiocb na jlvlup 200 ^ynxoB^; 
dXBX'b A^Heri 6kjio 6ojiie hImi AOcxaxoHHO jifiB Hamnxi i^tjiefl. 

IIpH xaKBxi 6jiaronpiaxHux'b b cnacxJiBBiiix'b ycJiOBiflxi mbi 

. nepemjuB bsx BbioCaflrcbxoJib b^ TpdBsenA'b, Tj(i Ropa6jiL 

cxoAJii 6ojiie Aec^TH AHefl b ta^ RanBxani ORasajii Hani 6oJib- 

myio JiK)6e8HOCXb, na Roxopyio no Bceft cnpaBOAJiBBOCXB mu ne 

MorjiH pascHBXbiBaxb: ohi hosbojibjh nani BufixB na 6epen> 

OCB^JRBXb CBOB CBJIU, BSABli C^ HaCl CJIOBO, HXO MU HO 6'kKHM^, 

a BBpHO BOSBpaxBMCA Ha Kopa(5jib. Bi> cyn^HOcxn BanBxaHi Morx 



128 PyCCKOE BDrATCTBO. 

6KITB yeipeHi b'b toirb, ^^to mu pimHJiH oTnpaavTBCfl b'b Ave- 

PUKJ, TaEl KaK'b TP7AH0 6SIJI0 npeAQOJIOJRBTB, qiO^BI MBI, CA^JkaB'B 

noJiHMfi saaaci Bcero Heo6xo](HBfaro jifla ycipoftcxBa xosHftcTBa 
laicB, ocTajincB ba'^cb, pacRyH Ha EasRAOiCB mary CBoeft hhshbh). 

TaRHiix o6pa30M'B mu BM'bcrb ci KanirraHOirB BunurH na 6e- 
perb n Birlcii Becojio noyacHHanH B'b FpaBseHAt, nepeno^e- 
saJiH B'B Toft ace rocTflHHHit'6 h yipoirb cb hhitb jrc BosBpara- 
jiHCb na Ropafijib. B'B FpaBseHAi^ mh nynEJiH fificarh AK):KHirb 
6yTiiJiOR'b xopomaro nHBa, BHoa, iJtfiinjiiaTi n B0o6ii^e BCflKOft 
npoBHsiH. 

Bee dio BpeicH cb Haira 6uJia moh ryBepHaHXRa, oHa npoBO- 
2Kajia Haci ao ,2l,ayHca Cb senoft KanHTana, c% Koiopoft h Bep- 
Hyjiacb o6paTHO. fl HHRorAaiaieb He TOCROBasa, jifixe pascTaBaflCb 
CI poAHQft MaTepbK), RaRi Tenepb, npon^aacB Cb neft... Ci rbxb 
nopi A He BHA^^iia ee 6oxbme. Ha ipeTift A^Hb no npu6uTiH bx 
AayHCi, saAyJi'b xopomlft BocTOHHtift B'lTepx; A^CHraro aapijia 
Mbt nocTaBHJiH napyca a, ne ocTanaBJiiiBaflCb HHrAi, nycxHJiHCb 
B'b oTKpiiiToe Mope; Bnponeirb, CHJibHuft mRBaji'b OTHeci nacb ri 
6eperaMi ELpjiaQAiH, h Hami Kopa^Jib Cpociui^ HRopb bi ne- 
6ojibnioft 6yxrfe, bo8ji% RaROft to p'Irh, HasBanla ROTopoft ne 

npHnOMHK), XOTH MHt H TOBOpHJIH, HTO dia p^Ra HAOTl HSl JIh 

KepuKa H ecTb caEaa 6ojibmaH p'bRa HpjiaHAlii. 

3aAepHcaHHbre AypHOfi noroAoft, mu npocroHJiH SA^Cb 6oJi'le 
HflTH AHeft, noRa noroAa yiexjia; lorAa 'Mu CHoaa hoahhjih 
AKopb H Hepes'b copoR'b ABa A^fl npHCsuiH 6e8i ocoCenHuxi 
npuKJiioHeHift B'b BEprnmio. 

KorAa MU npH6jiHxajiHCb ri Cepery, RanHiaHx npHmejrb ro 
MHt H CRasaJii), HTO, cyAH no mohmb pasroBopaMi, a onacTH 
SHaROMa CT> ycJiOBiflMH sasHH B'b 8T0& cxpant h noroMy ohi 
npeAQOJiaraeT'b, hto mh^ nsBicTen'b nopaAOKi, ROTopoMy hoa^h- 
hhiotca Bci ccbiJibHiie, no npH6fiiTiH ciOAa. fl eMy oTsiTHJia, hto 
A HBiero ne noHHMaio bi dtowb^ a vo Racaerca Monxi sAim- 

HHXl SHaROMCTBl, TO 0Kb MOTRBTh 6uTb yB^peHl, ^TO A He BO- 

sofiaoBJiK) Hxi, AO Tixi nopi, noRa 6yAy naxoAHTbca B'b RaqecTsi 
apecTaHTRH. Bo bchrom'b ace cayqai boi BnoJiffb npeAOCTasaiHeM'b 
OMy ce6H h noJiaraeMCfl na ero noMon^b, corjiacHO ero JiioCes 
HOMy o6%n^aHiK). Tot^n, owb CRasajii^ ^to HeofixOAHMO naftTH 
MicTHaro atHTejiH, ROTopuft Rynnjn Cue MeHfl, RaRi HOBOJibHHiQr, 
H npHHJurb 6u na ce6fl OTB%TCTBeHHOCTb sa Mena nepeAB ry6ep- 
HaTopoMOb, BT> cjiyqai, ecjiH nocjiiAHlft noTpeSyerb Mena ki ceC*. 
fl oTBiqajia, HTO mu 6yAeMb A^ftcTBOBaTb TaRi, RaRi owh naMi 
yaamerb. TaRHM'b oCpasoMi ohi npHBeorb OAHoro njiaHTaTopa h 
neperoBopHJix cb HHMb o TOMb, Tro6u ohi RynHJi'b Mena RaR'b 
HeBOJibHHity; oxHOCHxejibHo Mysa om ne HM'ijrb TaRoro pacno* 
paaceHia. CoBepmsBi act ^opMaabHOCTH npoAaacH, a nocjr&AOBajra 
sa HHMi) Ha 6eperb. Bifbcxi ch naMii 6uai sanHTaHi, Roxopuft 



PA^OCTH H rOFBCTH. 129 

nOBBJTb HaCl» B-B RaROft TO JSftWhj — H He 3HaH>, 6HJia ML 8T0 la* 

Bepna hjih hto APTroe, — rji^ mh BunHJiH nynmy cb poMOM'L h 
npoBBJiH o^eHB Becejio Bpena. CnyciH HtRoxopoe BpeMH, naaH- 

TaiOp'B BUJtaJK'b MHi CBHA^TejIBCTBO MOeM'b 0CB060«AeHin 

jAOCTOBipeHie Bt tomi, ^to a Btpno cJiyjKHJia y Hero; laKHMB 
o6pa80M'B H 6HJia CBo6oAHa h na cji^Ayion^ft a^hb yipoifB a 
Morjia OTnpaBJiflTBCA KyAa mA yroAHO. 

3a aiy ycnyry KanHiaHi^ norpeCoBajTB HSBiciHoe ROJis^ecxBO 
Ta6aRy, Roropoe ohi Obutb aoji^ohx CBOeny cyAOXosHnny n 
KOTopoe ua HeiceAJieHHO Rynsjin eicy. KpoM'b Toro mu noAapHJui 
OBiy 20 PHHeft, ^wb owb ociajicfl o^ohb aobojibhb. 

9 He 6yAy bxoahtb 8a$cb bb noApo6HOCTn, onucHBaH rojio- 
riH) Bi BHprHHin, Tfjb mh noceoniJiHCB no pasjiH^HHM'B coo($pa- 
jReniJiMi; AOCiaiOHHO CRasaxB, ^to mm bohuih bI) CoJBtBmyio piRy 
XIoTOMERi, mIcto Ha8fla^eHi£[ namero Ropa6JiA, ta^ mh h AynaJiH 
ocHOsaTBca, ho hotom'b hsm^hmjih 3T0 HaM^peHie. 

BHrpysHBi Bci HamH lOBapn h cjioauibi hx'b b'b aM6api, 

ROTOpuft MH HOHflJIH BM^CT^ C% RBapiHpOft Bl He60JIBmoft AO- 

peBH'i, s. HanaJia co6BpaTB CB^A'^Hifl o Moeft Maxepn h 6pari (o 
TOM'B poKOBOMB MOOM'B 6part, sa ROToparo a RorAa xo BHmjia sa- 
Myacx, RaR'B bb CBoeM'B m^ct^ noApoSno pascRasajia o6b axoMi). 
Ilocjii HeAOJrmxB pobhcrobb, a ysnajia, hxo jibah M***, xo ecxB 
MOfi MaxB, yMepjia, a Moft 6paxB hjih MyacB xhbb h, hxo Bcero 
xyace, oh-b 6pocHJi'B HJIaHxa^iI0, na Roxopoft a SHJia cb nnMi', h 
HoceJiHJica CB oahhmb hs^b cbohx'b cHHOBeft HeABJieRO oTb xoro 
Micxa, T^b MH BHcaABJiHCB H HaHAJiH RBapxHpy. 

Cna^aJia dxo npHBeJio ueua. bi, cMyniteHie, ho xaRB RaRB a 
6HJia y6ikRjsfiE9i, hxo ohb ho ysnaexB Menn, xo CRopo ne xojibro 
coBepmoHHO ycnoROHJiacB, ho h nonyBCXBOBajia chjibhoo jRejianie 
npH nepBoft bosmojrhocxh jtbha^xb ero, ho xaRB, ?xo6h ohb 
MOHH He bhaIji'b. Cx Bxoft it'lJiBH), 6jiaroAapfl oaho& jKeHn^HHi, a 
HanuraHXB njiaHxaiaio h cxajiaxoAHXBOROJio, RaRi 6h a^ nporyjiRH, 
jiio6yACB npeRpacHHMi neftsajReMii, UaROHei^B, a noAomjia xaRi 
6JIH3R0, Hxo yBBA'iJia acHJioft AOMi; xyxi» mh-^ BCxpixHJiacB sen- 
HilHHa, Roxopyio a h cnpocHJia, hbh axo njiaHxaitiH? Ona oxBixHJia, 
yRasHBaa nanpaBO pyROft: 

— BOXI^ HAeXT» A»6HXJIBMeH'B, XOSHHHB BTOft ^JIaHIa^iH, a CB 

HHMX H ero oxeiti. 

— A RaRi Hxi soByxT)? — cnpocHJia a. 

— 9 He snaio hmohh cxaparo A^enxjiBMeHa, ho cnna soByxB 
FoM^pH. JtyMaio, hto xaRB ate soByxTb h ero oxipu 

Bh, pasyMiexca, nofiMexe, RaRoe CM^maHHoe nyBcxBo pi^ocxn 
H cxpaxa OBJiaAiJio mhoh), RorAa e cpasy ysnajia CBoero co6- 
cxBeHHaro cnna h CBoero Mysa h 6paxa* Ha moomb Jiani ne 

J^ 4. OTAij& 1. 9 



A" 



130 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

6hjio MacKE, HO JT noRpujia ero lycruMH RpysoBaMii roJiOBHOro 
yCopa H noTOMy SMjia yCteAena, hto nocjii ABaAi<aTnjrlTHflro 
oTcyTCTBifl npH HeomHAaHHOft BCTpini 8A'6cb, bi» Apyroft ^aciH 
CB-lxa, oH-b HEKOrj^a ne ysHaerb MOHa. RorAa ohb noAomJiH Kb 
oaMii (a 6HJia cl oahoA semi^HHOft, KOTopyK) SBajm MaAaM'B 
OeeH-EX TO a cnpocHJia ee: 

— Bh anatlOMKE Cl HHITB, MHCTpUCB OBeH'B? 

— Jta,— cKasajia ona, — Korsa owh cjniniHr& Moft rojiocb, to 
ymmrh ueusi, laKSEe Kairt no roJiocy ysHaerB h Apyrzx^. 3a^& 
OHa UH^ pascKa^^a^a, ^o y Hero o^ohb cj[a6oe^ spiele. 9to las'b 
ycnoKOHJio MeEia, hto a c6pocHJia cb jun^a KpyjKOBa h ohh npo- 
mim MBMo umK. KaKoe HecnacTbe jiflsi MaTopa bha^tb xaRi 6jni8E0 
cBoero cuHa, npeKpacHaro mojioaofo ^ejiOBJ^Ra, xopomo cjiojeoh- 
Earo, B^L i^B-tiTyiAiixB jRHSHeHHux'b ycJUOBiflX'By^H He CM^TB npH- 
sHaTk ero!.. Ka^^Aan MaTB, HHiaH HacTOfln^ia crpoRH, noftMerB, 
RaK'B MyiHiejibEo fOCKjmBO cxajiocB Moe cepAUe, Cb KaREM'B 

CTpaCTHNMli ^yBCTBOM'B, BOJIHOBaBinHM'B MeHH AO TJlj6llEhL AJUnLj 

a 6pocHJiacB 6m e'b neny na meio BunjiaRaTB CBoe rope, ho 
TorAa H He Beajra, ito mh% A'^&tb, RaRi ne sHaio lenepB, ni 
HafiiH cjiosa, hto6h OHHcaiB aiy AyineBHyio TOCRy* RorAa ohh 
OTomJiE OTB ueHii, K cjriAHJia sa hhme ao t^xi nop'B, noEa 
OHM coBepmoHHo HB cRpsTJiHCB H31 BHAy. IIoTOiTB )i c^jia Ha Tpasy, 

Ha TO MiCTO, TA'fe OHH HpOHIJIH, H, HpHTBOpaCB, ^TO XO^y OTAOX- 

EyxB, a npEJierJia; KorAa ace MHcrpnccB Obohi OTonina b'b cto- 
poHy, H, npnnaB'B JiMitOMi» Kb senjii, ciajia puAaTB, i^JiyH cAffi 
ero HorB. 

— Bb rbxii Micrax'B, vjsjb xsurb npesajifi btotb A^eHTJEbiceHB, 
xoAHrB opHPHHaJibHaa CRasRa, — roBopHJia mhctphcb Obohb, RorAa 
Mu nonuiH A^jite. 

— KaKEH? — cnpocHJia a. 

~ FoBop^rB, 1T0 ciapHft A^enrJiBMeH'By RorAa 6hijrb emfi 

M0JIOAT*j JKHJI'B B'B AhTJIIh, TA* BJLiOCHJICa B^ OAHy MOJIOAyH) JieAH, 

xaRyio KpacasEi^y, icaKOft ne bhaIjih ba^cb; ohi sohhjich na neft 
H HpsBesB ee cioAa k-b CBoefl MaTopn, ROTopas lorAa 6uuia e^e 
mvLB2L Mhofo jrbrB ohb xhji'b cb CBoeft senoft, hm^ otb Hea 
A'^iefi; E3B EHXB Bu TOJiBRO ^0 BHA^JiH ero cuHa; HO, cnycTfl 
BiROiipoe epeiica, ciapaa naiB, pasroBapHBas cb CBoeft Hesicr- 
Kofl, paacKasaJia eft o h'Irotophx'b o^ohb AypHiix'B o6cTOflTeJiB- 
cTBaxB cBoeS ji^HaHH Bx Ahtj^h; ea pascRasi* npHBejoE'B b'bchjib- 
aoe deenoKoficTBo z cicy^eHie ea neB^CTRy; RorAa ace ont crajiH 
MyOjKo H3CJi4;ioBaTt Bci o6cToaTejiBCTBa, to HecoiratHHO ORasa- 
jiocB, ^TO CTapaa jibah Cujia MaTepBio CBoeft HeatcTRH h ?to cjtI- 
AOBaxejiBHo ea ctaoB Stun MyaceirB CBoeft poAHOft cecxpu; bto no- 
pasnJio y^nacoHi^ bch) coicbk) h xaRi pascxpoHJio bc& hx^b jsjbjidk, 
EWh yrpo:9^3Jto nojraoe pasopenle; HaROHei](i, sena ero yixajia 
^'jiiio H CB tIxi nopx o neft nn^ero ne CJoiniHO. 



PAAOCTH H rOPBCTH. 131 

JlerKo npeACTaBBTB, roicb chjibho iceHa saHHiepecoBajia dia hcto- 
piH, HO TP7AH0 onncaxB, EaKoe rji76osoe BnenaTJiiHle ona npoHs- 
Bejua Ha MeHa; a RasajiacB yxHBJieHHoft h npeAsarajia cBoeft co- 
6eciAHH]T6 Tucfl^H BonpocoBB oTHocHTejiBHo paaiHHHiix'B noApo6- 

HOexeft 8T0ft HCTOpiH, KOTOpUfl eft 6jbIJIH HBBiCTHBI BX COBepmBH- 

CTBi. HaKOHei^ a ciajia pascnparnHBaTB o CMepTz naTepn h romj 
oua ocTaBHiia cBoe cocTO£Hie. SI noMHEJia, ^to naiB AS^a mhI 
TopacecTBeHHoe o6ini;aHle ociaBHTB wib cocToaHie nocjii cBoeft 
CMepxH H ycrpoHTB j^Jia TaKi», qTo6B[ a uorjia cbo6oaho bctj- 
HHTB BO BJiaA^Hie 6fl HKjn^ecTBoirB. MoA co66ciAHiiita cRasajia, 
MTO He sHaerB HH^ero noJioJRHTejiBHaro bb drrowh oiHomeHiH, ho 
eft roBopHJiH, HTO uoa naxB ocraBHJia HSBicTHyio cyMiiy AenerB 
CB xiiTB, hto(5bi axH A^HBrH 6wiR OTAaHU ea AO^epH, /j^ 6u ona 
HH HamjiacB) h hto AORyneHTu na drn A^HBrH xpaHaxcH y xoro 
CHHa, Koxoparo hu bhaLih. 

9x0 6ujio cjiHmKOiTB xopomee jim mbha Hsstcxie, ^xo6bi ho 
o6paxHXB Ha Hero BHHiiaHifl, h jierKO noHirxB, hxo bb Moeft ro- 

JIOBi pOAHJIHCB XHCH^n MUCJieft H npOAHOJIOSeHift OXHOCHXeJIBHO 

xoro, HXO MHi A^axB, RaRi> a^'^^ o c^^*^ anaxB, Boo6n^e Aojucaa jih 

a OXRpUTBCa CBIHy, flJlB OCXaXBCH OUy HeHBBiCXHOft. 

TaKoe HeonpeA^JieHHoe nojioacenle npoAOJiacajiocB 04oub aojifo; 
OHO CesHOROHJio Moero MyjRa, KOxopnft 6HjrB yBipeFB, hxo h ne 

BHOJIHi OXKpOBBHHa CB HHICB H CEpSIBaK) 0Tb HerO HCXHHHyH) 
HpHHHHy MOHX'B XpOBOFB; OHl HaCXO FOBOpHJTB MH^, HXO OfO yAHB- 

M&Tb HOHOHy fl He xoHy BHOJmi^ AOBipHXBCH eMy n oxRpuxB Bce, 
xiMi 6ojiie, TTO uoe rope xaRi chjubho, tto npHHEHaeTi mh^ 
Maccy Myqenift. ^iftcxBHxejiBHO, a Morjia BHOJiHi aob'&phxbca eny, 
HO fl He snajia, RaR'B bxo CA^JiaxB, a icesAy xiarB, xaftHa, CRpu- 
xafl BO MHi oAHoft, xaacejiuirB RanHeiTB Jiesasa na uoeiTB cepAi^'i^. 

EAHHCXBeHHUIfB MOHITB oCjierHOHleiTB 6hUL0 TO, HXO Ji Ha- 

cxoJUBko nocBHXHJia CBoero Mysa b'b cboh A^a, hxo ohi Cujix 

yfiiJKAOH'B BB Heo6xOAHMOCXH HOCOJIEXBCfl HaiTB B'B APyrOMB 

iribcTi, H CjiBHcaftmHiTB npeAvexoiTB HaniHxi paacysAOHift Cuji-b 
BoupocB, KyAa naicB HaapaBHXBca. Moft uys^ 6hLrb coBepmeH- 
HBiMi HHOcxpaHi^eirB EB dxoft cxpani, snaa xojibro reorpa^Hne- 
CKoe efl nojiosenle; a »e, Roxopaa ao HUH^inHflro aha, RorAa 
HHmy dXH cxpoRH, He noHHMaK) sHaneHifl cJiOBa teoipa^UHecniu, 
a Hifijia XOJIBRO o6n:(ee npoACxaBJieHie o6'b dxax-B M^cxax^ 

H8l A^HHHSX'B paSFOBOpOBl paSHUXl JlHIfl, HyxemecxBOBaBinHX'B 

xyAa H ciOAa. Ho mh6 6£Ijio xopomo HSBicxHO, hxo MepHJianAB, 
neHCHJUBBaHLi, BocxoHHUfl H 3anaAHUft ^sepceft, Hbio-Iopk'b h 
HoBafl AhfjiIh 6ujui pacHOJiosenu ri cinepy oxi BnprnHiH h 
noxoMy HMijui RJiHiiaxB CoJiie xoJiOAHfiift, h^^itb sa^cb; h 2ce qyB- 
cxBOBasa noJiHoe oxspa^eHie r'b xojiOAy h juoSajia xenjuo; kb 
xoMy xe a 6HJja cxapa h HidJia ocHOBaaie H36'6raxB xojioa- 
iiaro KjiHMaxa. TaRHirB o6pa80irB a npeASOKHJia CBoeny My^y 

9* 



132 P7CCE0E BOrATGTBO* 

yixaTb Bi KapojiHHy, cauyK) losHyio aHrJodftcsyio BoaiOHis); a rbwb 
oxOTBie CRJioHflJiacB K'B aiOMy HaM^peHiio, ^ao tforjia bo BoiEoe 
Bpeicfl ABHTBca aoKBk H saflBBTB CBOH iipasa Ha Hacji^ACTBo MaiepH. 
Ho TenepB on^TB npeACTaBBJiocB hoboo saTpyAneHie: h ne 
MorJia noAynaiB o toitb, hto yiji^ OTCioAa) ho yseaBB t^mb hjih 
XpyiuMi cnocodom^ o saB^n^aHiH MaiepH; cb ;^)yrofl ciopofiH 
ji He Morjia nepeHecTn mhcjeh, hto h6 yBHsycB cb cbohhb npeac- 

BHHB MyjReiTB (6paT0MB) H CBOHMB CUHplTB; HO fl XOT&ia yCTpOHTB 

3X0 laKB, ^To6u HH Moft HOBuft MysB HH'iero He ysnajnB o hhxb, 
HH ohh HHHero He ysnajra 6u o neiCB, 

y MeHfl 6hjio MHoro pasaranmiXB npexnoJioaEeHift jiflSL aocth- 

JROHiH 9T0ft A'&IH. MhI XOrljIOCB OTIipaBHTB Mysa OAHOrO BB Ka- 
pOJIHHy, HT06u SaiilTB HOtxaTB 8a HHHB, HO 8T0 6iIJI0 HOBOS- 
KOJRHO, nOTOHy HTO OHB HO HM&IB HH MEJI'lfimarO HOHflTiH 

auisHH BB dioft CTpani; Kpoifb Toro, 6e8B neHfl, KaRB hcthh- 

HBlft A^eHTJIBMeHB, OHB HO TOJIBKO HO yiiillB HHHeTO K^SMb^ HO 
H npHBURB RB HpaSAHOft JEH8HH, H Ji 6uJia yB^pOHa, ^10 OHB 

CRop'6e ciajiB 6u 6poAHTB cb pyjRBeMB no jiicaHB, hto cocxaB- 
si&erb rjiaBHoe sanflTle HHAiftAeBB. H xaRB noBiopjiio, ohb ceo- 
pie ciaoiB 6hi oxothtbcs, HeaRejiH xo8flftHHHaTB na HJiaHraiiiH. 



XXY. 

nepece^neHie bb MepMJieniAB. — CsHAaHie cb cuhomb. — ^fl nonyHaio NacjitA- 

CTBO MoeN MarepM. 

Bb cHJiy TaRHXB cooGpaseHift, a, npoAOJocaJia HacianBaTB 
nepoAB MOHHB MyjReMB Ha HeB08H0SH0CTH ocTasaTBca Ha 6epery 
noTOMaRa, PA^ HacB cRopo Bci ysnaioTB; a roBopHJia eny, ixo 
HaMB fieo6xoAHMo yixaiB bb Apyrin Micra, RyAa mu abemcji 
CB TaRHHB He AoCpuMB HHOHeMB, RdRB Bci HepecoJieHiQi; 

liiCTHUe SBTOJIH HpHliyTB HaCB OHOHB HpHB^TJinBO, HOTOMy ?T0 

BCARaa RyjjBiypHafl ceMBfl npHHOCHiB hhb H&Roiopoe aobojibctbo 
H HOTOMy ^TO npesHiA ycJioBia Hameft :kh8hh bub 6yAyrB ne- 

HSB^CTHH. 

KpoMi TorOy fl CRasaJia euy, ^o y neHfl 8AicB mhofo poA- 

CTBeHHHROBB, HOdTOUy H HO pimyCB O^BilBHTB HHB CBOe HM)i 
H8B 60Jb[8HH^ HTO OHH CROpO OTRpOH)TB HCTHHHyiO HpH^HHy MOOFO 

Hpe6uBaHiH sa^cb, hto nociaBBJio 6h mohh bb Rpaftnee saipyAHe- 
Hie, a nea^Ay i^^*^ 7 ^^hh eciB ocHOBanie xjUBJh^ hto moa naxB 

HOCJii CBOefi CMepTH OCTaBHJia MH*! 8Ha^HTeJ[BH0e COCTOflHie, 

ROTopoMB CTOHTB no8a6oTH!rBca... Ho TenepB a HH^ero ne Mory 

CA&iaTB, He 06BaBHBB, RTO a; HOXOMB-JKe, ROFAa vu ycTpoHMca, 

a BepnycB cioAa hoab t^kb npoAJioroMB, hto aceoiaK) ysHAbTBca 

CB CpaXOMB H HJieHHHHHRaUH, ROTOpHO, ySHaBB UQBa, npHMyTB 



PAffOCTH H rOPECTH, 133 

M6H)i CL AOJiJRHHH'b yBasoHieHi, s Torxa H tfory BOcnoj[&30BaTBCH 
CBOBMH npaBanH. TaRHMi oCpasoiTB mu p'lnmjiH ncEaxb jpa 
CBoero noceJieHlH HOBaro H^ta, h nanrb BuCopi najn na Ea- 
pojiHHy. 

Ci» 3Toft if&iiBio Hu nanajiH naBOAHTB cnpaBRH, Rorfla Bopadjnb 
ompaBjifleTCfl bx RapoJiHHy, b CRopo nacB yB^AOMEJEH, ?to Ha 
ApyroMi 6epery sanuBa, RaRi ohh HasuBaioTX, h HiieHHO 
B'B MepHJien;^, naxoAHTca Ropa6j[B, npH6iiBaiift hs'b BapojinnBi, 
HarpyjR6HHHft pHCOHi n ApyrHim xoBapauH, Roxopuft CRopo 
OTnpaBHTCH o6paTHO« nps 8T0irb HSBicTln, MU HaHflJDDS mjnoni *)y 
B'B ROTopuft HarpysHJiH CBOff Ben^ b, nocjiaB'B, TaRi» CRasaiB, 
nocjiijsfLee npocin piR£ noxoMaRi, oxnpaBEjmcL cb namHifB 6a- 
rasReiTL bi MepEJieHAi. 

9x0 6£iJiio A^HHHoe h nenpiaxHoe nyxemecxBie, h MOft Myacb 
HaxoAHJTb ero zyace namero x^inHHaro nyxemecxBia hsi AHrjiiH, 
noxoMy Hxo noroAa 6usl2l CRBepnafl, icope 6ypH06 h cyAHO ho- 
CoJiBmoe H HeyAo6Hoe; RpoM% xoro im HaxoAHjmcB bi cxa ao6- 
psrx'B MHJuix'B orB BepxoBBOB'B p'Irh IIoxoMaRa, bb expand 
HSB^cxHoft Tiojs,T> HMBHeiTB rpa^cxBa yacxi-MepHJieHA'B; s xaRi Rasi^ 
dxa p%Ra canaa CoJiBinafl bi BnprHHin, xo bo bpoma Aypnoft 
BoroAH Mu Hacxo noABeprajmcB 6oj[Binoft onacHOCxn. 

HaROHOiti nocjii naxHAHeBHaro nsaBaHlfl mu npis6waL Kb 
H'lcxy HasHaqeHia: a noMHio, ^o ero HasuBaKXTB ^Hjmnci IIoftHCB; 
SA^CB MH ysHaJiE, Hxo HasaA^ xony xpn aha RopafijiB, safipaB'B 
rpys'B, oxnpaBHJiCH bi EapojiUHy. 3xo Cfiuio fflo. HacB Hecna- 
cxieiTB, HO a HHRorAa ho naAaira aY^oitb h cRasaJia CBoeHy 
Myacy, hxo xasB RaRi loi He MOseiTB oxopaanxBCH bi SapojiHHy 
H xaRx RaRi cxpana, b'b Roxopoft mi naxoAHHca, nJiOAopoAHa h 
npoRpacHa, xo He jEy^me jm naici ycxpoHXBCfl sa^cb HaBcerAa. 

HeifeA^eHHO im BHcaAHJiHCB na CeperB, ho ne nanuEH 
yAo6Haro noMi^eHiA hh ffl& ce6a, hh jifiK namero Hiiyn^ecxBa; 
OAHaRO OAHHi Ao6puft RBaRep'B, Roxoparo mu cjiy^aftHO xaMi 
BcxpixHJiH, coBixoaaJTB oxnpaBHXBCH 8a mecxBxecAXi mhjib r'b 
BocxoRy, xo ecxB 6jiHjRe R'B ycxBH) 6yxxu, Tjsjb owb xnnerb caMi 
H rA"!, no ero cjioBaMi, mh mofjih naftxH Bce Heo6xoAHMoe; 
onB xaRi jiK)6e3H0 npHTJiamaJTB naci kb ce($i, ^nro mu npHnajm 
ero npHTJiameHie h oxnpaBHJincB cb hhmi BMlcxi. 

3aIcb MU RynHJiH Vfijvb cjiyrB, xo ecxB cjiy^RaHRy aHTJOM- 
HaHRy, xoJiBRO ^xo npHCuBmyio ciOAa Ha RopaCii mi> JlHBop- 
nyjLfl, H Herpa, hxo 6uj[o h8o6xoahmo RasAOMy, rxo Ayi^aJTB 
nocejiHXBCfl bi axofi cxpani. 9ecxHuft RBaRepii Cujtb ohohb no- 
JieseFB naMB; RorAa mu npn6ujiH Ha mIcxo, oh% namearB f^ 
CRJiaAa Hanmxi xoBapoB'B yAoCnuft aMCapi^ h RBapxHpy k^ nacB 
H nanrnxi cjiyn; nepes'B Asa M^on^i, no ero coslxy, mu no- 



*) OxHOvavTHoe cyxHO. 



134 pyCCKOE BOrATCtBO. 

jiyHBJiH OT'b npaBHTejiBCTBa ajia njiaHiaitin 6oJiLinoft y^acroR'B 
seMJiH; laRHM'L oGpaeoifB bctp'Ithb'b sfticb xopomift npieiii, uu 
coBepmeHHO ociaBHJiH mbicjib nepecejiHTBca b'l KapoJiBHy^ mh 
saroTOBUJin 6oJii>nioo KOJin^ecTBO seMJiH h npanacjiH MaiepiajiH 
AJiA nocTpoeKi>; ne npomjio ro^a, k^lkl mu pacnaxajiB orojio 
50 aKpoBii, ^acTB seMJin oropoftHJiH, nocaAHJiH lagaRi, xota h 
Be ocofieHHo mhofo; RpoMi Toro pasBejin oropofl.T>, nociajiH nme- 
HHuy, acejiaa cjijbjiSTh sanaCH OBomeft, RopenBeBX h xjr66a. 

TenepB a y6'bAiiJia nyna nosBOJmxB uwb CHosa nepenjiBiTB 
6yxTy, HTo6u yBHA^TBca ci cboeimh poahumh. Owl corJiacHJica 
Ha 9T0 rbwb oxoraie, hto y Hero 6hjio na pyRaxi MHoro 
A^Jia, noMHMO pasBJie^eHlft cb pysBeiii; nacxo, CMOTpa Apyn na 
Apyra, mu cpaBnnBajiH cbok) nacTO^HiyK) ^chshb cx npomjuofl, c(T- 
SHaBaa, na crojibro ona CuJia jrynme ne tojibko ^chshh bx Hbio- 
rerb, ho juaLTme u Toro 6jiaroAeHCTBia, RaRHirB mbi HHorAa hojib- 
soBaJiHCB Bi) TO BpenA, RorAa sanEuajiHCB cbohmi nopoqnuM^ 
penecJiOMi. 

TenepB Hamii A^a HaxoAHjmcB bi otohb xoponieHi> nojio^e- 
^enlH; hh Rynnjin sa 35 $yHTOBi> y KicTHBix'B rojiohhctobi 
CTOJiBRO seMJiH, HTO HaM'B ABOHMi 6hjio AOCxaTOHHO Ha BCH) Haniy 
^;h8hb; "^to Racaeica A'^Teft, to a ho Horjia hx'b hm^tb. 

Hama cnacTJUHBaa cyAB6a ne ocxanoBEJiacB na aroifB; KfkKh^ 
y^e CRasajia, a nepenjiHJia sajiEBi, c% a^bh) nocixHTB Moero 
6paTa H 6uBHiaro ny^a, ho TenepB a ocxaHOBHJiacB ne bosji*! 
Tofl Aep^BHi, TAi ohh »hjih, noTOMy wo ixajia no Apyroft 6ojib- 
moft p^Ri, PanaxanaRi PnBep'B, ROTopaa Te^eTi» na boctorb 
OTB IIoTOMaRa. Sthitb nyTeM'B a AOCTHoa He6oJiBmoro cyAOxoA- 
Haro sajiHBa 3to& p'Irh, no Roxopony h npl'lxajia K'b Apyroft 
6oju>nioft nJIaHTa^iH Moero 6paxa. 

TenepB a oROHHaxeJiBHO p'i^mnjia npauo aBuxBca Kb Moeicy 
6paxy n CRasaxB eny, rxo a;oAHaROJRe, ne snaa, 6yAex%-jni bo- 
o6n;e eMy npiaxHO Moe cxojib neoJEHAaHHoe nocintenie, a co^a 
sa Jiynmee HanncaxB eny cnanajia nHCBMO. B-b hhcbm^ a o6'Bac- 
HHjia, Hxo npl'lxajia ne cb t^mi, ^to6u HanoMHBXB eny naniH 
cxapBia oxHOmenia, Roxopua, naA'&iocB, Bnojmi saCuxii, ho cb 
x'Ih'l, hxo6bi oCpaxHXBca Kb Heny sa noMon^Bio, RaR^ cecxpa Kb 
CBoeny 6paxy, b'b H^eacA"]^, hxo naxB ocxaBHJia mh^^ RaRoe- 
HH6yAB nacJu^ACXBO n wo B'B bxoitb oxHomeniH owb OKsanj&rb 
imi nojQHyio cnpaneAJiBBOCXB, oco6eHHO, npnHHuaa bo BHHMa- 
Hie Moe A&^Hee nyxemecxBie. 

Bi HHCBifi a H%2KH0 BCHOMEHajia cuhI, Roxopuft, RaRli 
eny hsb^cxho, 6hji7» mobmi^ pe6eHR0M^, xoxa a ctojibro :Re bh- 
HOBaxa B'B nameM'B saMyjEecxB*!, crojibro n ohi», xaRi) RaRB 
B'B xo BpeMa MU o6a HH<iero ne snaJiiH o nameM'B rpobhomib poA- 
cTBi; nodxoMy a naA'iiocB, owb ne 6yjsfirb npoxHBHXBca MoeMy 
CEMOMy ropa^eMy xejiamio xoxa 6hi pasi) bba^xb CBoero Aopororo 



PAAOCTH H rOPECTH. 135 

H eAHHCTBeHHaro cufia h chhcxo;u[T6J[[bho OTnecexca la aToli me- 

lepHHCKOft CJiafiOCTH, Kt TOMy, HTO « JIK)6jIH) CBOe AHTH, B:b TO 

speHfl, KorAa y Hero rq coxpaHHJiocB ji,dLX,e naMflXH 060 mh*!. 

no Monicb coo6paKeHii[irB, nojiyHHBi> aio hhcbmo, oh-l aoji*^ 
acoHi 6yAeT'L HeiieAJieHHO nepe^aTB ero cuny, laiCB kekij caBfB 
offB, no cjiaOocTH apinia, HHiaiB ne mofb; ho o6cToaTejrbCTBa 
cJioacHJiHCB Jiynnie, niu'b a o^RHAajia; ORaaaJiocB, mo moS 6paT7> 
HopyHHJi'b cuny BCRpHBaTB H HHxaTB Bck HHCUica, nojryiieHHLfa 
na ero hma, h noiony, KorAa nocJiaHHuft npHBOsi Moe oQCBtfo, 
OTAa He 6njio Aona h cbihi npoHHTajn'B ero. 

KorAa Moft nocjianHuft HOMHoro 0TA0XHyJrB,]cuH^ QOBBambero 
KT* ce6i H cnpocHJii), rpjb aHBert JieAH, KOTopaa oTnpaBUJia ct 

HHMl 8T0 HHCBHO. IIoCJiaHHBlft HaSBaUl eMy MiCTO, tjl,^ 51 OCTa- 

HOBHJiacB, — 9T0 6hjio Bx ceMH MHJWX'B OTB ero HJiaHTaaiH. TorAa 
OHi npHKasaJi'B eny o6o^aTB, noioin* Beorib'B od^A^aiB ^jui ce6£ 
jioniaAB H, KorAa ona 6HJia roioBa, ohi BMicxi ct ABywa CJiy- 
rann h nocjiaHHUirB oinpaBEJica Konnt. MojKere ce6t npeACxa^ 

BHTBy EBE'B a HSyilHJiaCB, KOfAa HOCJUaHHUfi, B03BpaTJ]CB, CKa3aJI^ 

mh£, hto oh'b He sacraji'B AOMa cxaparo A^enrjibMeea, ho ito 
KO MHi npiixajii ero chhi, KOioparo a ceft^acB yBH^y. llpa eTOMi* 
HSBiciiH a npemjia bi* CHJiBHoe CMyn^enle, a He seajia^ Hero mbI^ 
ojRBAaxB OTb CBLHa, BofiHU HJiH MHpa. Bo BcaROM'B cjiyiat mkI 
HOAOJiro npHmjiocB paacyxAaiB, noxony hxo bcjAa^ ^^ nocjian- 
BhOi'b BomejF'B cejh'b; ocxanoBacB bi ABopaxi* h cnpocHBi^ ^toto 
nocjiaHHaro, oh'b noAomeJi'B npaEO ko kh*]^, nosi&iOBaJi'B h o6Hajn> 
Hena xani ropa^o, ?xo a nyBCXBOBaJia ero nopuBEcxoe Ai^i^^Hie, 
KaKoe 6HBaexT> y pedeHKa, KorAa ohb pHAaexi, ho ne MOHiexi* 
EpHHaxB. 

fl He Mory hh BupasHXB.HZ OHHcaxB xoft ray6oKoS paAocxH, 
Koxopaa oxBaxHJia nena, KorAa a yBHA^^? ^ro ohb bctp^tmjii» 
Mesa He RaRi ^yacoft ^eaoB'lR'B, a RaRi cbifb, ROxopnS hb BHajTB 
AOCHXi nop-B, Hxo xaRoe naxB; mh o6a AOJiro HJiaKaiiH, a HaRO- 

HeAI* OH'B nepBUfi BOCKJIHRHyJIl. 

— Moa MHaaa MaxymKa, bu jrhbu! A a ho naAi^CE Kor^a 

HH6yAB BdCB yBHA'i^XB. 

9 He Moraa BNroBopnxB CJHOBa. 

KorAa HaROHeAi owb ycnoROHJica nacxoJiBRO, ^xo mofb roBo- 
pHXB, xo Ha^aa'B pascRasuBaxB imi, B'BRaROM'B nojioisieHin eanm 
A^a. IIpeacAe Bcero ohi» CRasajxB, hxo ne Hnxajsi> oxi;y Moero 
HHCBMa H HHHero He roBopHJii neiTB, noxoMy hto cocxojnrie, 
ocxaBJieHHoe mh^ ero 6a6yniRofi, naxoAHXca bi ero pyKaxi>, b^ 
HeiTB OH'B H AacTB MH* HOJiHBift ox^otb; hxo Eacaexca oma, xo 
OH'B cxapi H ocjaa^iaT) AynieBHO h rkiecHo; ohi ^acxo paajipa^Eaexca 
H cepAHxca, ho^xh ocjiini h hh ki neny ne cnocoSeai., xaKi* ito 
OH'B cHJiBHO coMHiBaexca, hxo6h OH'B MorB cpoKofiao oficyAttXB 
xaRoe H^eROxaHBoe a^o, RaRi name; noaxoMy ohi» aBEUtca ko- 



136 F7CCS0E BOrATGTBO. 

MHife caiTii BO nepBHxi j[m Toro, ^to6u yflOBJueTBopHTB CBoeMy 
cep^eqooMy JKejiaeiio yBHfltTbca co MHoft, h BO-BTopuxi, ^xo6hi 
^aTB UR^ B03HQ^H0CTB, ydHaBi nojiomoHle Ben^eft, oCxyMaTB bo- 
npocx, Mory-HH h oncpHTBca omy, hjih wbvb. 

Bee 3T0 6mjio BeAeno laKb CjiaropasyMHO h cb laKOH) npe- 
^ycMOTpBTejiBHacTLio, nro n Buj^jia b'b CBoeirB cusA ?eJio- 
B^KE y&THaro, KoiopbiM'B MHi He^OFO 621J10 pyROBOSHTB. H csasajia 
eny, hto Menji hhceojibro ho yxHBJiaerB onHcaHHoe hitb ^mesHoe 
cocTOHHie ero oiqaj noTOMy hto owl ipoHyjica pascyxROiTB eme 
paHbme Moero on^iaja, h rjiaBHOft npa^HHoft 9Toro 6hjio to, hto 
OHt Be Morh yfiiAHTB Mena khtb ci hhitb, KaKt cb MyaceMi, cb 
rix'b nopB, kek'b k ysHajia, hto ohi mo* Cparb; tto laicB KaKB 
eMy jiyime HSBikcTHO Hacxoamee nonoaeHie ero 0Ti;a, to a ro- 
TOBa npEcoe^HHHTbCJi KB ero MHi^Hiio H A^ftcTBOBaTB no ero yKa* 
aaHiiiM-B; a ee 6y;^ oco6eHHO HacTaHBaTB eb^ CBULjiflShii Cb mohmb 
fipaioM'L; nocjii loro KaRi yBHA'i^a CBoero cuHa n ysnajia orb 
Hero npiaTfiyio jpa Menn hoboctb, ^0 ero 6a6yniKa nepoAajia 
B-h ero pyKH see, rto ocTaBHJia mh*, a ne coMHtBaiocB, hto Te- 
nepb 0H%, 3HaH, eto a, ho npeicHHerB, Rasi roBopHJTB cairB, 
oTAaTB MHt AOii^noe. IIotomi a CTajia pascapaiiiHBaTB ero, Rorxa 
H rAi yMepjia moh MaTB h cana pascRasajia eify ctojibro no- 
jspo6E0CTBlk H3^ Hameft ceEOfiHoft shshh, ^to B'B HeiTB He Morjio 
sapoiiQTbCH HE Majitflmaro coMH&nia B'B tomi, hto a ero naTb. 

^OT0M^ Mofl CHHB cHpocHJi'B y MeHa, FAt a SHBy H RaR'b a 
HaMipeea ycxpouTbca Tenepb; a CRasajia, hto a ocTanoBEJiacB na 
MepEJieHACKoirb 6epery axoro sasHBa B'B ojiaHTaitiH Hoero 6jih3- 
Karo Apyra, KoxopHft npiixan'B Ha oahoh'b co hho& Ropa6jrl hs'b 

AHfJlill, H HIQ Ha ;3T0ft CTOpOH^ SaJIHBa, FA^ JRHByTB OHH, y MOHa 

n'krh sHaROMiiix'B. ToFAa Moft cuhb npoAJiosHJi'B mh6 noceaHTBca 
y Hero h ^htb c^ hhm-b, noRa a saxony; too Racaeica oma, to 
B'B aioMii oTHomeEiH a MOFy 6mtb coBepmenno noRoftna, TaR'B 
EaE% OHB He ysHaeTB hhrofo h HHROFAa ne AoraAaeTca, rto a. 
HoAyMaBi* HeMuoro, a CRasaaa eiiy, hto, xoia mh* 6yAerB o^enb 
TH^ejio ^htl AaJieKO otb cuHa, OAHaRO xe a ne MOFy ce6t npeA- 

CiaBBTb, HTO6H KRi 6UJI0 JieFRO SHTB BB OAHOMB Jipvtb CB OFO 

on^oHi^; a ee Mory AonycTHTB Aame iracjm ocTaTBca bb aom^, fa^ 
AOJi^Ha 6yAy cJi^Awib sa RajRAUMB cbohmb maFOMB h nocToanHO 
cAep^BBaiiica, 6ohcb HSMinzTB ce6i^ bb pasFOBop'i cb hhitb, RaRB 
CB C8OHM1, ctraoMTj, H TiiTB BHAaTB Haffly Taftny. 

Ohb corJiacHjrca, hto Bce aTO 6biJio copaBeAJUSBO, h CRasajFB: 
— Ho B'b xaKOMB cjiynat, MoaMHJiaa MaTymRa, bh aojurhh no- 
ceaBTBca KaK^ mo^kho 6jiH:Ke ro uufk, 

Ilocjii DToro MH noixajm na ero JiomaAH na OAHy naanra- 
i;iio, KOTopaa 6uJiB. CKejRHa cb cfo ApyrHMH njiaHTai^iaKH, h sa^cb 
OH'L nou^CTQjii. AieHH, RaRB y ce6a Aoxa. ycTpoHSB Mena, ohb 
oTDpaBHJica KB ceGi, o6i^^aa BepnyTBca Ha gpyToA jsfiEh. Ha- 



PA;^OCTH H rOPECTH. 137 

3HBafl MeHJSf TBTROft, owb nopy^HJi'B CuBnmiTb xyrb jooAfltrb, no- 
BHAHMOMy ero ^epnepairb, othochtbc^ bo mh^ cb aojishumi 
yaaaceHieirb; qepesi Asa ^aca nocjsi ero OTbiQjsfl,^ owb npHCJiajiB 
MHi BB ycjiyseme ropHHHHyio h tfajieHBRaro nerpa, ohh npiiBos- 
jiH npoBHsiH) H yHHHi; TaRHin* oCpasoirb, s ^yBCTBosaoia BaRi» 
6yAT0 MOHfl nepeHecJiH bi> jsipjTOi idp'B h ho^th Hanajia cosa- 
jiItb, hto npHBOdJia hsi AnrjiiH CBoero JiaHRainHpcKaro Mysca. 

Bnpo^eii'b, aro coxajfiHle ho hofjio Cutb HCRpeHEHHi; Sl TaBi 
rjiy6oKO jno^HJua ero, KaRi ohi» loro sacJiyxHBaji'B. 

Ha Apyroft AOHB yxpoirb, tojilro tto a BcraJia, RaRi npItzaJiB 
cuHi. IlocJii He6oj[Bmoft 6edimy ohb npe»A6 Bcero AocTaJTB h 
OTAaJTB MHi saumeBBift RomeJieR'B cb hatbio CTaicff naiBio HcnaH- 
CRHMH nucTOJuam *), roBopa, hto 8th a^hbth noRpoiorB Mon ao- 
posHue pacxoABi no nyiemecTBlK) H8b Ahtjoh, noioacy hto, xoth 
MoacerB 6iiTB n ne ero a^o cnpamnBaTB HOHfl o6b aioHi, no 
OHB nojiaraJHB, ^to a ne Morjia npHBOSTz iis-b AhtjiIh oco6eHHo 
iCHoro AenerB, laRB RaR'B dToro ne 6uBa6TB cb riMH, rto npi- 
^^aerB orryAa. SarlHB owb Bsrnyji'B Ay^osnoe sas'ln^aHle 
CBoeft 6a6yniRH h npoHHTaJTB ero mh^; hs-b Hero a ysHajia, ^to 
ona ocxaBHJia mti njiaHTai](iK) na piR*! lopR*]^ ch npHnaAJieaRa- 
nprMH Kb Hoft JiyraMH, crotomb h Bctim yroABflvn, CAaBi Bce 
na xpaneme Moeify cuny ao Tix'B nopB, noRa ohi ysHaeiB^rAi 
a; nocJKi Moeft CMepiH aio HMyn^eciBO jifijixso nepeftin mo- 
hub Hacji'i^AHHRaM'B HJiH TOMy, ROMy a HOxeJiaH) nepeAaiB ero; 
AO BCTynjieniH bo BJiaA'lHle, aoxoau cb hm^hIa nojiy^aoTB 
uoft cuhb, a ecjiH Mena ne ORajKeica bb jrhbhx'b, lorAa Bce 
osHa^OHHoe HMymiecTBO aoji^ho nepeftTH rb Moeuy CHny h ero 

HaCJU^AHHRaH'B. 

XoTfl aia nJiaHTaiuH naxoAHJiacB o^ohb asuioro otb njianra- 
ufA cuna, tImb ho m enle oh% ho CAasaji'B ee b'b apoHAy, a oiAan 
BB saBiA^iBaHle rjiaBHaro ynpaBJiHEon^aro, toiho TaRB se RaRB n 
CMejRHyio CB HOK) njianrai^iio OTi^a; caifB se naisasaJTB xyAa no 
TpH HJIH no HOTfiipe pasa bb foab. 

H cnpocHJia ero, crojibro, no ero mh^hIk), ctohtb axa nsaH- 
TaiQfl; OHB OTB^naji'B, TOO, ecjiH a saxony cAaxB ee b'b apenAy, 
TO OHB AftcrB MH*! da nee ORoao 60 ^ynxoB'B b'b toa'b, ocjolh se 
a no^ejiaio ^htb lairB, ^o 6njio 6iii Jiynme Bcero, xorAa ona 
HO^exB npHHOCHXB AOxoAa orojio 150 ^ynxoBB bb foab. Ha- 
Ronei^B, ecjiH a AyMaio ycxponxBca na ApyroMB 6epery 6yxxu 
HJIH Moacenb 6uxb BOSBpaxHXBca b% AnrjiiH), xorAa Hory CAaxB 
njianxai^K) euy bi ynpaBJuenie, h ohb 6yAexB npncHJiaxB vsfk 
ezeroAHO xa6aRy i^^^ocxbio na 100 ^ynxoBB, a HHorAa h 
6ojQ)mQ. 

HixHoe o6pan^eHie co MHOft uoero cuna, ero Ao6poxa h 



*) IlncTOflB paBEBeTCfl 5 py6sflM%. 



138 PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

BC6, HfO OHl rOBOpHJTB, nOCTOJmHO BBISUBaJIH Ha MOHXl VJOMJCb 

cjiess psg^ocTH; a njiaBaJia h eABaHorJiacKasaTs h'^^kojibro caowb. 
HaROHeA'B, A co6pajiacB cb cflJiaMH, hto6u BupasHXB eicy csoe 
yAHBJieHie h pa^ociB, bhah, b'b Easiii xopomiA pyEH moa KaTB 
nepoAajQa ocraBJieHHoe eio cocTO^Hie. 9 o6i&acHEJiaeMy, ^o y mohh 
H^rb Apyraxi* A^iefi, noaroMy a npocHJia cocTaBHTb orb Moero 

HMeBB BJiTby KOTOpUlfb A SaB'&II^aH) OMy BC6 HOCirl MOeft CMepTH. 

MejRAy npoHBHi, myTa h yjiH6aflCB, a cnpocHJia ero, ooHeKy 
om> jsp CHX^B nopi» He acennjica. Ohb nlacHO oiBiiHJrB, hto bi 
BBprBHiH oHeHL Majio xeHH^HHB, ho laKL RaR'B fl roBopHJia eMy, 

4T0 SyMaH) BOSBpaTHTBCA B'B AhFJIIK), TO OHb nOHpOCHTB UQEZ 

npHCJiaiB eicy aceny hs'b JIohaohb. 

TaKOBa 6Mjia cyn^HOciL HamHZ'B 6ecix:B bi diorb nepBiift 

AOHB, 6uTB MOSOTB CaMHft CHaCTJIHBUft BO BCeft HOeft JRH8HH.no- 

TOM'b OB'S eaceAHeBHO npiisaRajn* ro mhI, 6oJiBmyio HMTb npe- 

MCHH npOBOAHJH CO MHOft H HOSHaROMHJl'b MOHJI CO MHOrHMH CBOH- 

MH ApysBjaiMH, rA% MeHH HpHHHMajiH Cb 6ojiBmnirB no^eiOMi. fl 
HicKOJiBRO pasii o6iAa^a y nero, n lorxa oh-b ciapajica yxaJurrB 
CBoero HOJsyacHBOFO OTi^a, TaRi» ^ro mu HHRorsa ho bha^Jih jifiyrb 
Apyra. fl ooAapHJia cunj sojiOTue nacu, OAHHCTBeHHaa if^HHaa 
Ben][B, ROTopaa 6HJia co MHoft, a npocHjra hochtb h i^OBaTB 
dTH ^acu, ROFAa OHi 6yAerL BcnoMHHaiB 060 mh^. PasyiriteTCii, 
a He CRasajia eny, hto yRpaJna hx'b y RaROft-io js^jak, bb oahoicb 
o6n^ecTBeHHOMi> sajii bb JIohaob^, ho dio sairj^^aio KEMOxoAOifB. 
JlfijiTO OHB R0Jie6ajica h ne xori^B CpaxB nacoBB, ho si na- 
ciaHBajia, hto6u ohb BsajiB hxb; no jnoHAOHCRHifB i^inaMB bth 
"^acu cTOHjiH He MHorHMB HeHBme, h%mb ero RomejiORB cb hhcto- 

JIHHH, 3AiCB JKO Sa HHXB HaAO 6wiO SaHJiaTHTB BABOe. HaRO- 
HeAB, OHB BdflJIB 0TB HeHH HaCU, HOI^JIOBaJIB HXB H CRasaJEB, 

HTO (SyA^TB cTOTaTB ceCfl BB AOJiry nepeAOiffloft. 

CnycTa h^crojibro AHeft, ohb npHBesB roTOByB) Aa>pcTBeHHyK> 
3anHCB H HOTapiyca; a cb yAOBOJiBcxBieMB noAHHcaJia ee h nepe- 
Aajia cuHy BMicxi cb coineft noA^JiyeBB. JlyBipena, hto hh OAna 
MaTB He coBepmaJna cb TaROH) jik)6obbk) a^obuxb Cjuarb cb 

CBOHMB CBIHOMB, RaRB a. Ha APyTOft AeHB OHB HpHBOSB MH% yCJIO- 

Bie Ha ynpaBJienle Moeft njiaHTai^ieft sa Moft chotb, npHHeuB ao- 
xoAU CB HHiHia OHB o6a8aJica nepoAaBaTB uwb vhol ynoTpe6- 
JtaTB HXB no Moeny HasHaneHiio, onpeA^HBi btotb aoxoai> ho 
Menie 100 ^yHTOBB bb ioa^* EorAa Bce 6ujio rohhoho, ohb 
CRasajiB MRij hto, TaRB RaRB ypooRaft dToro roAa en^e ne co6paHB, 
TO a HMiio npaeo nojiyHHTB cb nero aoxoax; noBTOMy ohb bbt- 
Aajii tfHi 300 ^yHTOBB, BasBB CB iiena pocnncRy bb noJuyneHlH 
AOxoAa no nepsoe aHsapa CyAyiQftro roAa* 

SI npojRiija TaMB orojio naTH neA^JiB, xoTa y mohh HanmocB 
6hi A^a H na CojiBmee Bpena. dariAiB, nocjii caHuxB HCRpen- 
HBXB AORasaTeJiBCTBB ero JiioCBn h npeAannocTH, hu paacTaiiHCB. 



PAflOCTH H rOPBCTH, 139 

9 ylxajia h qepes'B Asa aha BosBpaxEJuacb sApasoft h HespeAH- 
Moft K^ CBoeBfy APyry KBaKepy. 

SI npHsesjia a^^ Hamero xodHfiCTsa ipex'B JiomaAeft c^ 
ynpfljRBio H c^AJiaMH, h^ckojbkiex'b CBneeft, abjx^ sopoBi h MHoro 
pasHOft yTBapH; Bce 3to 6ujih noAapKH Hoero Aopororo h jiio- 
fi^maro cHHa. fl pascKaaajia My«y noApo6HOCTH Moero nyieme- 
CTBifl, npHHeHii nasuBajia cuna abo^poahuitl 6paT0Mi»; npescAe 
Bcero a o6xAB]ajia, hto noTep^jia Hacu, e dio oh^b npeHJiJi'L EaicB 
6ojiBmoe nec^acTBe; noxoH^ h pascKasajia o CBoeiii Ao6poirb 
ABOK)poAHOMi» 6paTi, TOMi*, HTO OHi* nepGAajn'B MH*! njiaHiaAiK), 
KOTopyK) £ nojuyHHJia bi HacjiiACiBO oit Maiepn h KOTopyio oh-b 
c6eperB, Bce naA^^CB paso hjih hosaho nepeAaTB ee mh^, hto 
OHi se Bssijvh Ha ce6A ynpaBJieme bthmi nirbHleiTB, npnqeiTB )i 
BHHyjia 100 ^yHTOBi, roBopa, hto bto MOft roAOBOft aoxoab cb 
njiaHTauiiE. HaROHeiti», n noRasajia KoaRaHHft KomejieR'B c:b nH- 
CTOJiAMH H CRasaia; 

— A BOTi, Moft Apyra, MOH aojiOTHe nacH! 

ToFAa, noAHABii pyEH k'b neCyt b'b paAOCTHOirB Bociopri, 
OHi BOCRjmRHyjTB: HeyjRasH jko mhjioctb 6o»i£ uoserB KocnyTBCfl 
H laKoft He6jiaroAapHo& co6aRn, RaRi» nl 

SariiTB a noRasajia eiiy Bce, hto npnBeana bi mjnonR'^, t. e. 
JiomaAeft, CBHneft, RopoB^ n pasjiH^Hue noacHXRE ajih Hameft 
njiaHiaiQE; Bce aio npHBejio ero bi» HsyMJieHle h HcnoJiHHJio ero 
cepAHie 6jiaroAapHOCTBK). 

TaRBMii odpasoifB, hu npoAOJURajm padoiaiB naA'B ycTpoft- 
CTBOH'B Hameft DjiaHTaitiE, noJiBsy^CB noiton^BH) h coBiiaHH cbo- 
uLTb Apyseft H HpeBMyn^ecTBeHHO coB'iTaMH necTHaro RBaRepa; 
HU pa6oTajin cb ycnixoM^, tb^ki, RaRi y HacB Chjtb xopomlft 
ocHOBHoft RanHTajix, RaR'B fl yjRe roBopHJua, Roropuft TenepB yBe- 
JIHHHJICA DpflGaBJienieifB 150 $yHTOBi». Mei buctpohjih y ce6H 
npeRpacHBifi aoh'b, yBeJiBHUJiH ctcjio pa6o^]ax'B h pacnaxHBajiE 
RaxA^ift roA'B 6oju>moft y^acroR'BseMJiH. Ha BTopoft roA^flnanE- 
cajia Moeft cxapoft ryaepHaHTR']^ hecbmo, bi Roiopom, hoa^^b- 
mscB ci Heft paAOCTAME namero ycn-lxa, Sl a^Ji^ yRasanle, Ra- 
Roe CA^JBtaTB ynoipetJjieHie vlzt> Tixi> 250 ^yHXCBX, RoiopHe & eft 
ocxaBEJia: r npocEJia ee RynflXB na hex^b icnoro pasjiEHHHxi* 
xoBapoB^ fl npHCJiaxB Hani. OHa aRRypaxHO EcnojmEJia Moe no- 
pynenie. 

Ha 9XE AeHBFE MBi nojiy^EJiE pasjiEwyio OAesAY A^a Mena 
fl Moero HyjRa; a oco6eHHO nosaCoxEjiacB o xoitb, hxo6b[ RynEXB 
AJUE Hero Bce, hxo uoTRevb AOCxaBHXB eny yAOBOJiBCXBie, RaRixo: 
ABa npeRpacHux'B a^ehhuxi napsRa, ab^ mnarE Cb cepe6pH- 

HBIMH pyROflXRaHE, XpE EJIE ^OXlipe npeBOCXOAHUX'B OXOXHE^BEXl 

pyjRBH, RpacHBoe c^a^o cb ^yxjiapaME a^^ UECxoJiexoB'B, ABa 
nflcxojiexa, Rpacnuft njian^^, cjiOBOifB bc% npEnaAJxexnocxfl 6pa- 
Baro A^ReHXJiBMeHa, RaREifB oh'b A^ftcxBExeJiBHO e 6ujii; Rponi 



140 P7GCK0E BOFATCTBO. 

Toro MM nojtyHHJDDS MHoro zo8H&CTB6HHUx'b Beiqeft, 6ixbBj njnaxBa 
H up. OcTaibHaH naciB npHCJuaHnaro TOBapa cociOAJia H31 nocy- 
^u^ G6py0, opyAift, nJiaTBfl ajih npncJiyrH, cyRHa, mepcTflHuxi 
MaTepifif ^yjiKOBi, 6aiiiMaK0Bi, mjiflirb h Apyrnn Heo6xoAH- 
MMTh Beiqeft. Bee 6uj[0 RyiLseHo oinacTH no yRasaHlio KBaKepa 
H AocxaBJieHO HaiTB Bi i^jiocTH Ha Ropa6jit; na HeirB npH6ujra 
Ei> Bmn> Tpz RpacHBUfl cjnysaHse, ROTopurB naHflJua ciapaa 
rysepuaHTEa; offBa bs'b brtb saCepeueF&iia orb Ropa66Ju»Haro 
Marpoca, kakl oea npasnaJiacB noTOiTB, h ^epesi comb n^ca- 
1VBB% po^jia sAopoBaro naJiBHHRa. 

nojiyieme aroro rpysa hs'b AHrjdn Rpaftne yAHBiuio Moero 
iry^a, Koiopuft, pascMOTptB'B see, CRasajTB MHt: 

— ^oporaa Moa, tto bto SHaqarB? fl 6ok)cb, mu ehofo sa- 
AOJijraJiE, H eABa jih CRopo BUHJiaTHiffB laRyio 6oJiBmyio cyMMy. 
H yjiij6HyjiacB h o6i>acHHJia eny, hto sa Bce aio y«e ynjroHeno; 
noTOMi> A pascRasajia, tfo, h6 sHaa BnepeA>, ^to cjiyHiiTCfl ci> 
HaME BO BpenH nainero nyxemecTBlH, a ne B3flJia cb coiboft Bcero 
KanBTaJia, a lacTB ero ocTaBHJia bt> pyRaxi Moeft noApyra; ho 
TenepB, EorAa im xopomo ycxpoHJiHCB, a npocHJia ee RynHiB Bce, 

^TO OHli BHAHrB. 

Oo-b 6hULi> nopajRBffB mohmh cJiOBaim n, ne OTBiTHBi HB^ero, 
Ha^aJit ^iTo TO CTHiaTB no namAairB, hotoitb CRasajTB: 

— llycTB TenepB hhrto ho roBopHn, hto a CA^ajTB npo- 
Maxi?, KDFAa jReHHJiCH Bi JlaHRamHpi. SI Ayvaio, ?to a BaajTB 
meEj n npnAaHUHi h, eft-Bory, c^ xopomHMi* npnA&HmrB. 

BooQn^e y nacB coSpajiocB TenepB aobojibho sHaHHxejBEBHoe 
cocTOAHle, KOTopoe Cb RasAuiTB roAOifB yBejiBHHBajiocB, noTOHy 
1T0 Hama iijiaHTaitU npeycniBaJia bi namnxii pyRaxi h B^h xe- 

leHiE BOCBMH Jl'^TB, ROTOpBIH Mil TaiCB npOJRHJIHy HU AOCTHFJIB 

Toro, ^ixa ona A^BaJia He HeH^e 300 ^ynxoBi^ roAOBoro AOXOAa. 

CnycTH roAB nocjii nepBaro Hoero CBHAanBfl ci> chhoitb, £ 
CHOBa ompaBHJiacB rb neiiy noJiyrnxB .cBoft aoxoa'b cb njiaH- 
TaqiE. KorAa a BsrcaAHJiacB na 6eperB, to ysnajia, hto Moft 
npemalS HyaR-B ytiepi e ero noxopoHHJin naTHBAiiaTB A^eft 
TOMy Haaasi. HaAO coanaTBca, too 8T0 6HJia He coBciMi ne- 
DplHTHafi fl^H MeHH HOBOCTB, noTOMy HTO TonepB fl cirljio Morjia 
oG-BJiBHTB ce6H Ti^BTB, H'^iTB 6ujiB,y TO-ecTB saifyjRHefi jRenn^KHOft; 
TaKHMB o6pa80Mx, npexAe H%Bn> pascTaxBCH cb cblhohi, a CRasaJia 
eny, ixo Aynaio bbAth saiiyacB sa xoro A^enxJiBMeHa, cb roto- 
pMMB mmBy na njianxai^iH; h xoth a CBo6oAHa CuJia CA^JiaTB dTO 
paEBme, xiiii ne Mesie a CoajiaCB BOdCyAHXB RaRyio HH6yAB 
HCTOplK)^ HenpiaTHyK) ajih Hoero nyaca. Mofl BcerAa HiJRHHft, 
jiioSesHuft H noTOHTejiBHuft cuhb h TenepB npHnajTB nena y ce6a, 
saajiaxeji^ iimi cto ^ynTOBi^ h CHa6AHJi'B pasjoiHHiiiMH no- 
AapKaMH. 

Cnycxa n^ROTopoe Bpeiia a a&a& eicy snaTB, ^to Bunuia sa* 



PAflCOTH H rOPECTH. 141 

uysi H npurjiacHJia Kb ce6ij Moft Mysi* TOJRe HanncaJU'B eny 
OHBHB jiioOeaHoe iihcbho; nponuio h^ckojilro utcfli^eB'b, Rorsa Mofi 
cawh npiixaji'B ki nairb. B'b sto Bpena mu uoxjHSLsa 08*6 AnrjiiH 
TOBapu, H a CEaaaJia eMy, hto Bce aio Kynjieno na AOHBrn Hoero 
MyjKa, a ne Ha moh. 

Hsu(o saMiTHTBy ^0 B'B TO BpoMfl, ROFAa yHopi Moft HeciacT- 
HHft 6parb, fl OTRpoBeHHO pascRasajia MyjEy bck) hok) Bcxopiio 
CB HBiTB, a xaRKe H TO, HTO TOTi, Eoro 3. HaauBajia ABOiopoA- 
HBiM'B 6paT0irB, 6h[m> Hoft co6cTBeHHu& cawb otb dToro poROBoro 
coiosa. MyjR'B ohchb jipj7Biejim6BO oxHecca ri dTony npBSHaHiio^ 
roBopji, HTO OH'B xaRse oTHeccfl 6u Kb neny h npH :eh8hh cia- 
pBRa. 

— H Bl CaifOlTB A^^9 rOBOpHJI'B OH'B, BU H6 BHHOBaTBI HH B'B 

toitb; — TpyflHo 6hjio npeABHAiiB TaRoe poROBoe HeaopasyMime. 
TaRmrB oGpasoifB bc^ HeAopasyM^filH Mes^y HaifH yjiasBJiHCB 

H MU JRHJIH XaR'B C^aCTJIHBO H TS,Kb XOpOmO, RaR'B TOJIBRO HOSKHO 

ce6i npeACTaBHTB; xenepB mh cocTap'i^JiHCB; a BosBpaxHoracB b^ 
AhmIk) h mh4 orojio ceiniAecflTH Jiiii, a Moeiry Myay mecib- 
jifiCBTb B0C6MB; A nopesHJia Ha hhofo jiirB cpoR'B Hoero Hsrna- 
hIh; He CMOTpfl Ha Bci HaniH 6tscTBi^ h necnacxlH, mu coxpa- 
HHjm CBoe SAopoBBe h 6oapoctb Ayxsu Moft Mysi ocTajicfl B'B 
AMepHR*]^ ycTpoHTB HaniH A'^a, h CHa^aia a AyMana BOSBpaTZTBCH 
K'b HidMy, HO noTOMTi, HO ero sejiaHlio, & ii8MiHHJia CBoe HaM*!- 
peme n OH'B nepe^A^rB xoxe B'B AnrjiiK). 3aIcb mu piniHJiH 
npoBecTH ocTaTOKB HamHX'B AHOft, B'B HCRpoHHeMi pacRaflHin sa 
CBOH) Aypnyio npomjiyH) jrhshb. 



BopapT), ero 3KH3Hb h noaaifl *). 



CopoKii itTS npomjio yace cb lixi nopi, KaKi hma Ulapjrfl Bo;^~ 
jtapa BitepBKa odabejiocb na ropHSOHii ^pani^yacKOfi noaaiH, h Kor^a 
cOopEEK'b ero 6THZ0BI, BumeAinifl noAi) crpaHHUH'L h BBi8iiBai)niHirL 
HasBaHieM'B ^li^BiTOVb 32a», B036y;iHjrB ci o^^Hofi cropoHu i^tjmfi 
EapuB'b HeroAOBaaifl h BoaMyn^eflifl, ci Apyrofl — ropflqia BOGxem^eHia 
H aaJioABCMeHTfj. npaBHTeiBCTBO HanojLeoHa in, fb jnu^ noj[Bii;iH 
HpaBOBx, BhiHecjio OTOfl KHsrb cypoBoe ocys^eHie, npnsHaB'L ee npo- 
THBBoa pezinriH h HpaBCTBOHHOCTH, HajEoacHBi iiiTpa(j[)u Ha aBTopa s 
B^j^aTexfl H iipe;inHcaBi» yHHTTOseme ^acTH cTHXOTBopemft. Toro se 
KHtHiii 6ujio o Heft H 6oj[BmnHCTBO TorAamHHro 4>ps^Hii;y8CKaro o6n^e- 
CTBa, Oahh Epa^ajiH, tto asropi 6e36osHBK'B h Kontyn'B; ;^py^ie — hto 
OH^ npoiioBtji} erB pasBparB, TpeiBH — ^to owl napymaerB Bct o6me- 
npflSBTbifl noBHTifl o6i HCRycoTBi H nodsin. Ci Apyrofi CTopoHU Bhk- 
Topt Fjoro lAWh cBoero HarHama nncaix oropqeHHOMy noBTy: «a no- 
jiy*iitji^ Bame SjiaropoAfloe hhcbmo HBamy npeKpacnyiD KHHry. HcRyc- 
CTBO, i;aKi> He6ecHaa jasypB, ecTb GesKOHe^noe noie; bbi tojebeo ^o 
j^osaaajiH dio, BamH cQBtTU 3ia» fijecTHTB n ocjrbnjuiBTB, KaEi 
BBlajiKi. Qpoj^ojsafiTe. A spHqy hso Bctxi chjtb 6paBo! Bameicy or- 
BaHCHOKy Ay^y> DosBOATe usA koh^htb sth nicKOJEBKO [crpoK'B no- 
BjipaBjeeieM'B. Bh eojsj^ejlhl ojs;bj warb fijifiorb narpa^'B, Ram mo- 
sert laxB cymecTByDn^ee ^pani^yscEoe npaBHrejiBCTBO. Bu ocys^eHH 

BO HVH TOrO, ^TO OHO dOBOTB CBOOfi MOpaJIBD H CBOHITB npaBOCyAiOMl. 

9to jiymiifi BtHOKi nm Baci. ffiny Bamy pyKy, hobtb*. S^yapfln^ 
Tt^eppu irpHpafiHHBajii Bi to se BpeMH «D^BiTU 8J[[a» e'b «Bose- 
GTBeHBofi ROMeAiH» ^aHia h yxBepa^aJTB, tto ^JopeHTEHCKiS hobtb 
B6 pa3i» ysHai'B 6u wb 8T0ft BHHr& 4CCB0I) Mpa^HyD 4^yry, cBoe ysac- 
Hoe cjoBO, CBOH 6e3sajiocTHHe o6pa8u h say^HocTB CBoero Mi^Haro 
cTBxai^.*. Ema cb AecaTos'B-;ipyroft snaTOKOBi noasiH (2ECoparB-3aH;^, 



*] nptt cQcTaBjieHiH 6iorpa$iH nosTa mu nojn>80Baj[HCB cyn^ecTeyioii^HifH 
mmu&QTiMc&MiBiia Teo4[)iiJui FoTbe b dsena Epsne, a Tasse 4 t. t. lOeavres 
compltittibt IS86 v.y neptnHCKoft EoAJidpa ci> AP78i»fl>fH h AHOBHHKOifB cM on coeur 
mis ^ Qu», PepeBOAHUfl CTExoTBopenifl, soTopufl mu i^Tupyem B'b HacTOfl- 
iE^eii% at H),!^^ 0T*£acTH HanevaTaHH b% pasHuxi crapsiz'B sypHasax'B h bi c6op- 
KRs^ tCTHioTBopeHia £04Ji8pa> (M. 1895. I^. 1 p.X riasHiufB se oCpasoifB npe^- 

CTftBJIfilDT'B HOBMH, HHTA'^^ 611^6 HO nOM^eHHUfl pa60TZiI. 



B0AA8FB, EFO SH3H1» H n083Ifl. 143 

$j[o6ep'B^ C. BeBi, ToTBe, napKHS^ a6-K]dcthhi», Qmnh J^emaH'B h ;q>0 
Bcrp'&THJiH RHHry CB BOOToproMi H CBOHHH oAo6peHiaMH no;i(;i;epsajiH b^ 
aBTOpi 6ojspocTb H MysecTBo. Ho ^asTB ocys;i,6Hifl noMtuieu npaeoeh 
ocraioa Tiirb h6 uewbe HaAOJ[ro ^asTOirB b'b odn^ecTBesHOirB MHtsiir. 
^eoflTB JiiTB cnycTfl, Hi^cBiseticorHJioft noara, ^^pyssairB ero npeni- 
jiocB ne^aTHO ^OKasuBaTB^ ^tq ohi> 6iij['l ne 6e36o3KHHSi pasBpaTHESi, 
a HanpoTHBi — rj[y6oRo peinriosHid: ^eAOBiKi* ex h'^khhh'l h JUD&sccqairB 
cepAi^eirB. Oahhb hsi Apys^fl Bo^Jiapa, OTroBapHBaBmift ero orb H3- 
^laHifl «I]|BiTOB'B 3ia», yxBepsAsui, ^to EBiHra HaBcerAa ocTaHercji 
«nflTHOM'B)> sa ero Hice&H, OKasafloa npaBHUi B'B CBoefi saHBHOCTH: 
Ajaae h lenepB, yse coposii jAvb cnycTS, hma BoAiidpa h y oefiii Ha 
poAHHft H sarpaHEi^efi (Meac^y npo^HiTB h B'b PoccIh) nojEBsyeTca Ht- 
cROJiBKo ABycMucjieHHoft pe^yTa^iei: ne to, sto — BejundS nodTB^ npo- 
noBi^flHicB oB^Tjnix'B crpeiueHift h B^eaioB^, ne to nncaTejiB peaK- 
ipoHHaro 3HaqeHifl, ousBpan^eHHafl Harypa, niBei^^ rpasH h camixi 

HHSKHX'B nopOKOB'B, OTOBI'B COBpeMeHHBIZl A^Ka^eHTOBIb... He 6e3'BHH- 

TepecHO 6HJI0 6hL nodTOHy pasoGpaTBca b'b dTOMi xaoci npoTHBopi- 

HHBHX'B UWbBiH H BBlflCHHTB, HaKOHOII^, SaSOe MiCTO B'B A'i^CTBHTeJIB- 

HOCTH npHHa.pesHT'B Bo^ABpy Ha coBpeMenHOiTB Hapnaci^, hadcohi 
Hjra MEHycoiHi cjEi^yorB c^HTaTB ero noasiD, paBBpam^ann^ee hie, Ha- 
npoTHB'B, BOBBBunaBn^ee BJUHHie MoacerB HMiTB totb HHTepeoB, Boiopst, 
noBHAHMOHy, B036y3KA6H'B Bi HOGJii^AHee BpeMa n y nacB r'b ero 'no83iH. 
HepeBOAHTB BoAiapa Ha pyccRifl hbblr'b na^ai'B en^e Kypo^RHHB, 

HO TOJIBRO B'B DOGI'&AHie TOJlfil nepOBOA^HRH HaiBH, I^R'B CEaSaTB, 

BiuoTHyiD BSHUCB Ba BTO jtjtoiOy H B'B MooEBi BiuneJTB HOAaBHo Aase 
K'&jDifi c6opHHKx, jiocBAH^eHHuft cTHxaiTB Bo^iapa. H3AaTej[B dToro 
nocji'bAHaro ofiin^aerB, Mes^y npowiTB, aobocth cbod pa6oTy ao Ronqa. 

YCTpaHflflCB OTB OI^iHRH CaMBIX'B nepOBOAOBli, MU daniTHM'B toibro, 
HTO nORa MOCROBCRifi CfiopHHR'B O^OHB HenOKOHl, TTO H CaMBd HOA' 

6op'B HBecB vh Mewb noRasaicfl HaiTB neAOcraTO^HO xapaKrepHBiirB 
Aifl $paHi^3CRaro noBTa: OTcyrcTByDTB TaRifl Ben^H, RaR'B «Hymne k 
la Beaat6», cLa B6atrice», «La charogne^, <Le cr^puscule da soir», 
<Le cr6puscule du matins, «L'ame du vin>, «Le yin des chiffoniers* 
H^ HaROHei^'B, EBBicTHoe ' cTExoTBopeHie FB npoBl tLes Bienfaits de 
la Lune». HaiTB RaseTCs TaRse coBepmeHHO HenoHHTHHorB o6Eiie 
TO^OR'B, padoraBJieHHiix'B no Bceiiy c6opHHRy. lAvrb oni BHSsaHH? 
MHorie qHTaTOJEE, BHaDnUe BoAiapi no HaciumRi, MoryrB p'buiHTB^ 
^rro BTo nponycRH HenpEiHrasDCB MicTB, Apyne — ^^ro bb hex'b Rpoexca 

Hei^eHBypHBlfl CMHCJI'B HHOFO pOAa. MbI cnpaSEJEECB B'B nOAUHHHRiH 
HamU, ^TO BTE TO^DSE BB 60J[BniHHCTBi GiyHaeBl BHOJIHi HeBHHHaro 

xapaRTepa. TaR'B B'B ctex. cAHypx e ^epeni* Bunyn^eno no^eny-ro 
oiOBo <MOJiETBCfl>, RaRB JierRO AoraAaTBCH no cmicjiy: 

H ^epeiTB,— cjnimy a,— cb TocRoft 
He ycTaeiB 

He BHaoMB, RaRafl KOHBypa Morjia 611 JiHmETB npaBOBtpHHft ^e* 



144 PyCGEOB BOFATCTBO. 

pern npaaa MoiBTbca. He o6i»flCHHTb-j[H Jiy^nne noAo6HHe nponyosH 

HeGpeSHOGTBI) UH HSJHIIIHefl OnaCJHBOCTbl) CaHHXl H3AaT6Jie&?.. 

I. 

mapjiB-IlLep'B Bojs^Byh po^EicA B^ napesi 21 anpim 1821 r. 
no ero co6cTB6HHO]fy npHSEamK)^ MHoriO' nsi' npojxsoB'B ero 6him H^qio- 
TaMH HJTH MaHbflKaiiH, z Bci OTiH^anHCb cyasacHHMH cTpacTHifHi, Gxap- 
mift 6paTB ero KjroA'B(orB;[pyrofiHaTepH)Ha 55 r. 2KH8HH6HJB['Bpa36KTL 
napauqoM'B h yuepi^ saseTca, wb cyMacineAnietfx aom£ eo^th vb oaho 
BpeHfl ci no8ToirB. Y MaxepE flocjiii;i[Sflro, wb CTapocTE, TaEse dsutE 
oapaiHBOBaflu Eors. Bck axE reEeajtoPEqecm AaHSHE sesaiBso Ea- 

BOAflTb Sa UKCIL, ^TO BOAJKdp'B yse Vh KpOBS CBOefi EOCEJTB, 6UTB 

MOseTL, da^aTEE Toft crpaEsoft 6oj[i3SE, KOTopajit npesA^BpeMesEO 
CBej[a ero b% liorfliy e KOTopaa saioacEJia xasofi ropBsifl e xeMEKt 
OTne^aTOKii e Ea ero TausrB e xapaKxep'B. Ho eo EO^xesETB xaEse 

COMEiEiX), ^TO fl Cail'B nOQT^ npE6aBEJ['B Kb dTElTB EeEOpuaJtBEHH'B OCEO- 

Baifx cBoefi. npflpo;^ SEaqEiejiBEyi) KanxD fl^a. A^roe speHE ApysBE 
ero, E oco6eEflO Teo^EiBloTBe, nHTajiECB pea^EJETEpoBaTB vb aroirb ox- . 
EomeEiE ero naHaxB^ Easusafl fid^opoirB xoAEBmie bx o6Ei;ecxBi cjyxE o 
82oyEOxpe6j[eEiE ramEmeiTB e oniyHOM'B e yxBeps^aE, tto Bo^^rap^b e3% 
jriD6o8Eaxeji[BEocxE xojubko cjs^dLjrb ojtjiwb Em ;iBa OEUxa ci oaeeh'b 
BS-L dXEX'B onacEBix'B BeE^ecxBx. ysipeBiE Apyseft, KadaiocB, noAxaep- 

S;i(ajlECB E xtME CJOBaME CaHOrO EOSXa^ KOXOpUE EaXOXElCB MU 

Bii EExepecEOiTB ero co^EseEiE cHcRyccxBeEEHft Paft> (<no8ica o 
ramBiirfii e «nosEpaxejn» oniyMa»): «?ej[OBiiRi> ^e xaKi noRSsyrb 
E Ee xasi jiEmoE^ ^ecxEux'b cpeAcxB'B pfiCTmb Ee6a, ^o6£i 
npESUBaxB ce6t fla eohoeu* j^apMai^io e roi^oboxbo; evy stxi se- 
o6xo;(HiiocxE i^isoD cBoefl jxjmuL noRysaxB onBflSfl]Diii;iE JiacRE e id- 
6oBB rypifi. H ^o SEaqExii pafi, Roxopuft noRynaexca i^sod Btqsaro 
cnaces]E?» O^BaRo o6Eapo;^OBaEEafl vb nocitAsee Bpeiui EEXEMEaa 
nepeflECRa Bo^iapa se ocxaBJiflexii xenepB sERaREX'B covsiEiS b'b 
xoifB, qxo owb se 6ujrb cBofioAesi orb Eec^acxEoft cxpacxE Kb sap- 
ROXERaEi. B'B o^EoiTB E81 EEceiTB 59 Fo^a owb roBopexi»: tS. o^esB 
Mpa^efl'B, Hofi jspjrby a osiyiia E-brB*. B'B AseBSERi 62 r. qsxaeiTB: 
«A RyjiBXEBflpoBajTB CBOD EcxepiD CB EacjasAesieiTB e ysacoirB>. 
A B'B EECBirb, oxEOCEsi;eiicfl ri 65 ro^y (sa ^Ba ro^a ao cMepxs) 
owb yse spflMO coesaexcE: «j[e^EBmifl Mesfl AORXopi se sflai'B npo xo, 
qxo B'&RorAa a. doMo ynoxpefijum ofliyM'B». Kose^so, BoAiap'B He 
6111% BsaMesEXHiTB aErjuificRBifB osio^aroH'B KssceeirB, ROxopuft ni- 
luxi mecxEaAii;axB jrlxib soacEpai'B axo. EapROxs^ecRoe sen^ecTBO, 
AO&Afl fnoA'b ROsei^'B ao 320 rpasoBii Vb cyxRE (!I), s Roxopsft no- 
ciftjijica 6u EaA^ ^paHi^yscBEH'B cboehi noApasaxeJieiTB, RaRL saA% 
pedoBROMi; so aa xo y KHscek s BAopoBLe Ckjio seitssoe: obi em^jtb 
CBJiy BOJiE oxAiaaxBca B'B hoed,* ROsn;oBi» oxTb cBoeft seciacxBoft cia- 
60CXE E nposEJi'B noxoMi eEi;e meofo Arb b\ soraoirB sAopoBBS. Ho 



BOAiBPB, Ero SB3HL H n083iir. 145 

6CIH Bo;^8p'B E xe QOo6eHHO sjroynoTpeCijrirjrb oniyiioirB, nonsyflc^ 
HiTB TOJBKO Km ycnoRoeHlfl seiyAOUHX'L h sepBHUx'B Gojieft, roto- 

PUMH CTpaj^l CB MOJIOXOOTH, TO Ha BFO HteHOlTB, GiafiOlfb OTL nps- 

j>OAU opraHHSir]^ h sto mopio ocTaBHTB aioBpeptue ortAH. O^ho npa- 
6aBJEflj[ocB Kb ^ipyroMy. Kose^io, herto He onopHT'B, ^ro He iieHB- 
myi) poj[B CHrpam sxicB k HecqacTk jihohoS sh3he, a xaKse li 
^meBHHfl MyicH coBpeMeHHaro nncateiE, JtoTopHS TaR'B apBo onH- 
nKBdLerb nepBfiift 6iorpa$'B no8Ta, cairB asaMeflHTHfi nncaTejiB, Teo- 
(jfEjn> FoTBe: clips ;](ai[roBpeMeHHOCiH aTofi 6&ph6a sepBH pas^pa- 
acaDTCff, MOSCB cropaerB, ^BCTBHreJiBHoeTB HBOiqpfleTefl, — h botb npo- 

XOjl^HTB HBBpOB^ GO B&kMM CBOHVH CTpaOHHUH tieSDOSOftCTBaKir^ 603- 

coHHHii;aMH, nojmuKi rajuQoi^HHai];!^, seonpeA'kieHHHMH orpaAaHiaMH, 
-ficxrlsseiEBiiiiH BanpasaicH, tiesnpraHBOtt locKofi, to tfesyvHUMi no- 
puBOtf'B anepiiB^ to bjuhifb 663CHJiieM<B9 cb HOHOBaitH BoaQya^aD- 
BW^^B epo^oTBii I oTBpan^eBieiCB so bcokoA 3;^opoBoft miinikj. 

Oreivh mapifl, $paHcya BoAiapi, 6ujn> TaKse CBoero po^a sasi- 
^aTOJEBHot iHHHOCTBio. IIo noKasatiHM'B noBia, oflB cBocHfB oyraay 
paHBme, vfarB Ba^iTB ^pHrificRifl sojinaB'Bi. Bo bgbsoh'b ciy^at ohb 
yqHxofl wh AyxoBHofi ceMHHapiH, 6hm sariiTB ywvejfeiii bti Ka- 
KOiTB-TO Eoxiest H penoTHTopoH'B y j^in^i repi^ora inya86Jifl. y oero 
•ten ApysecKia obbbh vb jmy^b irpmBBjnojimMurb Kpyraxi o6me- 
*«TBa, vb apHCTOspaaiH m cpexH praoiDuioHepoW. Bb Mpaqniie ahh 
Teppopa owb j^apsaai eete Wh muem^lk cveneflx i^^BDmmeBHO h "^la- 
ropoftBo, i^hmh flfisim Otras no TnpBHavB « ^yAffiHEiairB, oTRpirro 
aacryiiascB sa HaHSoJiie csQMapoMeTrapoBaKHurB jnirB h jijia enaGe- 

Bifl qySOfl SBSHH pBCSyfi C06(rPB6BiH0tt TOAOB01I. Ovb »e, rOBO^MIT'B^ 

^ocraBBffB 9ffB BHaaieHHTOHy KoHAopoe, Bor^a He koitb oiiacra ero. 
Kpaftflift paAscan no yfiiui^eHiAS'B, owb Siui aps^CTOSparB no Ma- 
separB h jooGsm bo Bcexy* HsaoiHOMy. Ohi> ^acro bo^jtb MajoHB- 
Baro mapia no o6n^ecTBeffHBM% Qf^jna^wb, vjijk jroton HOxadUBaTB 
evy StaryH, a no^i ero MkiHieirB y inutB^HRa npofiyxnacBHeoduK- 
HOBOHHaa crpacTB Kb o6pa3aarB a njttCTHWCBOHy acEyccTBy. ihiy 
"60110 aooAtb JiiTb, viono, yaepi cTapaisi-oTei^. OBAOBtamaa ifoxoAaa 
MBTB JRvpjui BCKopi BHiQsa BTopaqao 3aMyvB 3a 6jvecTHn^aro vojio- 
^oro o$Bn;epa OnaKa, BnocaiACTBia reHepajra h Mapmajia JIioj^oBasa- 
^Esanna, h btoti ^KisTb cRoparo BaSBOHia naMflTH ero JiioSaMaro 
^OTi^a oGpaaoBaiTB nyfioayi) paay vb cep^i^'b noBTa, KOTopHfi jipiro 
noofli Toro ho vb cEiax^ 6vijrb OTHOCHTBoa kb aaTopa cb lOft cipacT- 
not XD60BBD, KaHOft Mio6iuLT> ee b«b nocjii^^aie roAU shshh. Hto xa- 
aaerca Bonawa, to y Haci e'I^tb ooaoBaaift AynaTB, ^ro ohi AypHO 
OTHOGEJica Kb cBoeicy na(»HKy: nanpoTHB'B, ovb, noBHAHifOify, in^uTB 
eip no GBoeay h aeqTajTB yorpoBTB eay xaxyio se 6j[ecTamyi) xa* 
pBepy, RaxyiD o^r^^ajifb caaB; ho bb HeiTBHe 6hjio hh Tofi cepAO^EoK 
HiacaoGTH, hh Tofi jih)6bh ic% acRyGCTfiy, Raxia SlapjiB noHnajTB b'b 
GBoeifB oTi^. Bo BCEROMB ciy^at HSBtcTHO^ TTo CB paHBaro A^TCTBa 

H AO KOHI^a SH3HH OHli OTHOCHIGE RB H6Hy GB rJLy6oR0& aHTHUaxieft.^ 
I* 4. oTXin I. 10 



146 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

JlfiBHTE Arb mapiB nocTynEUTB bi» Aouparb bx JDoHt. JI]D6o3HaTejiL* 
HH& H cnoco6Eufi, owb o6jiaAajn> Kpafine sHsmrb,. 6e3aoRofiHUH'& 
yMOMx, M^^maBniHirb ycnx^BocTH h BHHMaTeJEBHocTH, h ycnizH era 
Bi KOjrieaci 61UH socpeACTBeHHH. yse bi xi paHHie rojipi 6yATnat 
nodTb oTiH^ajicfl HedaBHCHMUMTiK opHrHHaj[BHH]n» xapaKTepoifB. ty^a- 
pH, 6opB6a CB y^HTeiaifH h TOBapHmauH, riyxaa TOCRa, — ^BpaTso ro- 
BopHTB oHi o6i dTOiTL BpeMeHHBi cBOHxi aBTofiiorpa^HqecRHX'B sairbT- 
Raxi, — ^BCTBO oABHo^ecTsa Beerxa h Besfft. MeTKjij riwb oqeHB sh- 
Bot BKycB Ki SH8HH H y;^0B0J[BCTBuiM'b». Ha 16-Mi ro^y OHi ne- 
peMicTHJicfl BB KoueaPL Jbo^ioBHKa BdJiHKaro bx IlapHsi h xavi 
BnepBHO HaqajTB DHcaxB cthxh, cBHAiTeiBCTBOBaBinie paHHoft paao- 
qapoBaHHOCTH '^Kb jijsb MOAHaro TorAa 6afipoHH8Ma. B:b 37 — 38 r. 
owb coBepniHii cb bot^hmoitb noisAsy wb IIspeHeH, ociaBHBBiyH) b^ 
ero Aymi cmHHfl Bne^aTiimjii, h otb aioro BpeiceHH coxpasHiocb. 
OAHO cTHXoTBopeHie, osanaBJieHHoe yase vb ^jjib <II|b]^tob'b 8ia» 
Incompatibility, rj^ Bcrpt^aiyrcs BpacHBEie e cMiiBie o6pa3U b% 
poA$ «6e3]fOj[BiH, KOTopoe BsymaeTB seiame ftbsaxB, caacTHCB otb 
Hero». Bi» 39 r. npoHSonua sasafl-TO HeBHacHeHHaa Hcropifl, sa ko- 
TopyD Boflfi^pb 6uTb ECOB^eH'B H8X KOJueaRa uepe^b caionrB oeoh- 
qaHien sypca. 

C% dToro MOMOHTa ovB Ha^ajTB BecTH paaciflHHyH) shbhb, bush- 
BaBmyn bi ero po^^raxii 6ojn»inoe fiesaosoftcTBO. Hbtb, Bopo'ievB, 
HBBicTHa 6BU[a TOJiBRo BsAmEu CTopoHa aroft shseh— ApyaB6a (tb 
jiHTepaTypnoft 6oreiioS h senmHHaMH ;tBycuucjieHHaro ofin^ecTBeHHaro 
noAOxeHiH, deBnopfl^o^Hoe BpeiunpeiipoBosAeHie, HesexaHie Bcry- 
naTB Vb BucmiH csirB, SHasoMCTBO ci KOTopuin» Mono 6bl AaiB^ 
eny roHopaJiBCKoe 3BaHie bot^bm a, OTcyrcxBie EasHX'B-HHfiyAB bhahkhx'b 
luoAOBi Toro xpy^a, KOTopoirB oh^b bocto&hho Me^TajrB h roBopHi'B. 
To, iTO 8TOTB ace sepiOA'B acHdHH, crou^ 6e8iiopflAo^[HOH n HeapnjLE^- 
HOfi Ha HX'B BsrjQiA'^, 6wL% Am MOJioAoro noera e nepio^oirb riy6o- 
Koft BHyrpeHHeft pafioru, cepBesHoft noAroTOBKE bi^ H36paHHofi /fbareiB- 

HOCTH, ^0 AJUE Hero He flponUO AapOlCB SHaBOMCTBO CB CaMHHE Teic- 

HUME yrJiaicE orpoMHaro ropoAay crb rpflSHiniE npeAMicTBflMH, r^ 
KonomETCfl pa6oqii jid^b, e saxxEME MaHcapAaME, r^i jdthtce eh8- 
mifi coprB 6oreMH, Bce eio Cujlo HeHSBicTHo e ^ysAo poAEiauuii 
EoA^apa. Ror^a IIIapjiB o6T»aBEJrB eitb, ^to ovb ptmEJTB nocBATEXB 
cefifl mTepaxypi, ose Chik nopasoHu, RaKi) rpoMOHi. tRaRi Esyim- 
JECB MH,— BcnoMEHaerb hotomi ero KaxB o&b aroMi nepioAt, — ^RorAa 
oH'b BApyn> 0TRa3aj[Cfl otb Bcero, vro xoitiE aih Hero cAliaTB, no- 
seJiaii yRpacTB y cavoro ce6fl RpujcBE e craTB nEcaiaieirb... KaRoe 
paso^apoBanie wb naniefi BHyTpeflHefi sesee, ao Tbxi> nopb laRoft 
c^acTJLEBofil EaRaa ne^ajiBl> Fjiyxafl ceMefinafl 6opB6a jsjanjiacb ni^ 
CROJEBRO jrbTB. 9to uo ea noBOAy naHEcaHO BoAJiapoM'B, nojraoa rxy- 
<k)Roft ropeqEE Butcrfc RpoiROs pesEEBEi^LEy cBxarocioBeHiei, OBeaca. 

SOTOpOI) OTRpHBaOTCfl C^OpEER'b cI],BiTOBl QjLBkK 



BOAnn, STO MMsmb i nosaoi. 147 

Korxa n<»n, so sort IIpoBijcfciiMi, 
yBHxin CBin, ncnyraHHaa ]iaTb> 
Gxasi KyiasH, noma CoioxyieH&fl, 
J(htji h He6o CTaia nposmtaTb! 

Yse vh sno paiHee Bpeiui BojuBpi saBasan oTHomeBk oo mho- 
TBMK ^^yoHiiiiai pibttTeMXMM TorAanniei urepaTypu h HORyocTBa: 
ypjriaBoiTB, ZepapoiTL, BaiLsasoirL, JleBaBaeoepoiii, AenrrymeirB* 
Pa8CKa3HBanrK, ^iro BaiBsaxi h BoAidp'B ciy«iailHo Ha6ftsaxH oaihi 
Ha jipyroro bo Bpexa nporyjum, i no BOMH^moe cxoxuoBeHie, BUSBas- 
joee y o6ohxx ciiix'B, nociysuo hoboaomi Kb dHaROMOTBy: noivaca 
oaycTfl OHH yxe 6poAHiH, oCHflBnmcb, no HafiepesROfi Gohu i (Soitaii 
060 BceMi, wto npHxoAUo vb roxoBy. Bajn»8aKi cian oahhitb nai 
ix^EMUTb iiHcaTejieft h uTepaTypmix'L yHiTOJiei BojBiidpa. BEim- 
HOCTb noertAHflTO Wb ion cBiiuift DHomecKilt neploAi ApysBS oni- 
cHBaDTB caMiiMH sABaiLHUKH BpaoKaMH. Ki cosaiiiBii), 8Ta €6o«e- 
cTBOHBafl KpaeoTa» cKopo noGieua uojs:b aHoeni AynieBRKTB Mysi 
E XEBHesHaro ropa; oxsaKO e BnocjbAOTBlE BoAXdpi ooxpaEEJH 
jasnOy ofipan^aBEiee sa cefia ofin^ee BEflMaBie. Ri eroiiy u^jem 
npflOaBETb, ^To offlBajrcff oe'b BcerAa o^ohb eseiiiho e 00 Bsycoirb, 

EMifl CBOBMli EAeaJIOlTB Bl dTOlTB OTEOmOElE AdEAE BO BSyot pOUa- 

HOBi PEupACOfla. XyAoin;aBB[S, TOSBift, ESucKaEHO-apooro oxiTuit 
BO Bce ^epnoe, oh'l xojifln MOAieEHHEE, MflrEEUE e ao«iTE phtmb- 
qecREME maravE... 

POAETOJE EM&IE BO BCflBOMl CJiy^ai AOCgraTO^EO EOTBBOBl TpOBO- 
SETBCfl 06pa80]rB SE8SE CBOOIH) CSEa. B'tb ysaCl AOJIffiHU fiuJTE 

opflATE OEE, npo^fltaBi, sanpev., oaeo ebi TorAamEEXi ero ctbxo- 
TBopoEiJBi: «He 6iecTEii](aa jibBEDia 6ujia moe jiio6oBHEi](a, pascKaau* 

BaOTB 0H1» (TB QBEE^HOfi OTKpOBeEHOCTBK): Ee^yBCTBBTeJIBflaa KO BBrJTfl- 

;^avB EacMinuEBaro cE&Ta, Epacora oe i^BiTOTB jieieb bi moomi ne- 
qajiBEoiTB eefmi. Hto(Si syaETB ceM 6amMaKE, OEa npoAaBBxa cbod 
jui6oBB; Eo cMimEO 6uzo ^u, ecJiEfiu no^Jtri BTofi 6e3craABHi(u h 

Crai^B KOpqflTb E81> Ce6E CBETOEiy, fl, KOTOpuft OpOAaD HBOrO EUCJTB 

E xo?y 6htb DEcatejieirB. nopoKi HecpaBH6EE0 6ojrfte TEiKKiit: osa 
EocEia napEBi* h t. a- Hbao AyvaTb, mo cTEXoxBopeflie aro Ee 
ecTB nijiHKoirB eioa'b AificTBETOJibsocTE, a no spaflEeii Mipb sa no- 
jioBEEy EBiflercfl Aasbi) Tony povaETE<iecioMy €6yETy», Koropuit 
oxBaTBXB 4vaEKy3CKEn» noaroBib Toro BpeveEE; eo e eojiobheii 611x0 
AOCTETono, HT0(hi poAfltexE IIIapxE, erpamEo BcrpeBoaKeflEiie^ pft- 
nmxE npEEETB OTEocEiexbEO ero Kpafiflifl Mipu. Iloexfc eIckoxb- 
KBTb fiypsHxii eeuetBUTb cofivb^ moxoaoH noan npsEyxAeEi 6um% 

EOSOpETbCE E Wb MSA 1841 T. OfUtb Vb Bop^O Ea %fffdX>lb^ KOTOputt 

xoxxesi* 6aTbrb iiLXtbVb JiM]^. MaTb Bo^xapa EBAttxaeft, qTO ny* 
TemecTBie noxfticTByen sa Eoro orpeaBXEvnunrb o6paaoifi, wsrb 
jtpyroe EaDpaBieflie ero vsLCMMWb. Ho ei nepBuxi* aae AEeft nyrE 
caiiaE MpanaE neuxB oxssnua lOEaro crpaHEExa, h Bciopt tocES 
no poAEHt npeBpsisxaefc y lero wb Bsctomajn Ooxton. He pa^^ 

JO* 



148 PyCGKOE BOrATGTBO. 

Bam ero he KapTHHii HOBHAaHHofi jifi TirB nopib npHpo^iu, he flpRis 
KpacKfl H)SHaro He6a, hh ropa^ee TponHqecEoe cojrHi^e — owb crb esm- 
j[,uMT> ]s,neu'b xjA'i^'B h TaajTB, KaKi bo^ki. BnoojiiACTBiH cam Bo;^- 
Jiapi, Ao KpafinocTH j[K)6HBiiiift Beam MHCTH0HKan;iE, pascKasuBajTB 
cBOHMi APTSikaifB, 6yAT0 ohx jipivoe vpena. snjn> bi RajBKyrrb, sa- 
HHMaflCB nocTaBKot Hflca AU aHrjoficKoS apniH; 6iaroj^apA arHirb 
$aHTacT&qecKEiLi> pascKasaM'B, C03AajiHCb u^bsaa aereHAu OTHOCHTejD>Ho 
ero uyTeinecTBJH* Ho 6iorpa$H^ecKifi icaTepiarB 6e3saiOGTHO paspy- 
maeTii Bct 8tii lerenjija... IIojiozHTejibHo HaBicTHo, ^ro nyreinecTBie 
^^JLE^acL Bcero ahiiib A^cflTb Micfli^eB'B, h ^ito EaiiHTaHi» sopaOoa, 
nepenyraHHuft CojiiaHBD Boitiiapa h ycrynaa ero co6GTBeHE£uci Ha* 
cTOflHiHMx, en^e ci ocipoBa cb. MaBpnKifl hjh, cavoe fionmee, ex o. 
BypoQHa ompannjii ero Ha kukojtlto nonyrnoiTE Kopa6jii oCpaTHb 
bo $pasj^iD. JsiE,win> otipaaoMi) Hhaui-to ohi» h He BHA&n* bobco!.. 
Thwh Be MBEie He noAxesHTb coMHtHii), qro aia sopoTsas noiaxsa 
Bi» TponniiecKifl crpaHU ocTaBHia vb ^ynrb noara HeHsraaAVMHi 
ut^-B, EOTopHS Mu HaxoAHjTL Bci);iy vh ero npoHSBeAemflrB: cb 
8TQXI1 nop'B ife«iTH ero nocroAHHO yHocaroji Ha ^^^Lroiit boctoei, ki 
HOJ[y;t6HflOMy cojHi^y, no^x rotophh'b pacryrB laKie crpaHHHe i^tu 
H Aep^BBa ci> otrLHHflI)^^u[H apoMaxaiiH. 

EciM Be^epoH'B TeiLnorB oceHHHMiB saspoK) riasa sl, 

Ot'B rpjAu TBoeft sapsoft Bxuxan shboA apoHaTiB,— 

Mh^ DpacHaTCfl TOT^aco^ 6epera 6iaroAaTHaro spafl, 

Fi^ ly^E tfOHOTOHHue coiHKa Tas'B flpso roparb. 

3tdtb ocxpoBB jrbHHBiifl, o6io]fosB i^Fbiyn^aro paa, 

r^t Ha cTpa&HHXB xepeBBflxib hioah HaiHBHHe BHcars, 

Tji,± jy^ECTHA o^H CMyriaHOsi TasB boxbho uflxarB, 

H MymiiiHaMi&-aTieTaMi& xana rpaiaosHOCTB Tasaa! 

npeio KEoik 0SHBaH)TB sapTHHu CHacTjEEBBoi to^^ob^b: 

FafiaHL, noiHaa itx^vb h na^^yTiix'B cieisa napycoBTb, 

He ycntfiULEXB 8a6uTB JieTaBioHxi naAi hhhh i^HsiOHaxib... 

H Han'&BH uaipocoBi bi& ciaHBH lasypHaro jkha, 

H TOjratejiBniifi sanaxB ott^ pon^'B xaMapHHAOBB seieHHXB, 

B'B rapMOHB^HuA ciHsaacB assopA^, om>siEsaoT% Mena! 

Bi ^Bpajii 42 r. BoAiapii Bopnyaca wh IlapfflVB h, ^epeanb ABa 

M^eai^a AOciKrHyBi coBepmeHHoiiTia, noay^Haii cbod Xoid on^oB- 
cKaro Hacjit^cTBa. Crapmift 6parB KaoA^ npexno^eaii noayqHTB seMan, 
UlapaB — AeHBrn. RpyraeHBKaro sannraaa vb 75 Tucan ^pansoBi), 
EBsaiocB, 6mjio BooaHi AOcraTo^HO js^ 6e86iAHott aBHSHH Bib Te^e- 
Bie HHorHxii jitrB, ho bb pyaaxi BiipeHHaro nosia ohb cKopo pacTaflai* 
H 3arbHHicH en^e orponHUMH AoaravH, soropue CTaaa Hec^aciieM'B 
E npoKiHTieiTB ficefi ero ocraaBHOft shshh. HcKpeHHO Han h3i» aeaa- 
fiia op^rffHajEKHJiqaTB h nopasaiB jspjoeAy 6oAi8pi> yTBepsA&^r^t ^'^^ 
BEanecB ^tsii cBoero nyremecTBia EyaBTB ^epnoft Benepu h ho ho- 

mWTh 60JikB PJlHAtTB Ha &bJihLTb Senn^HHl. A'i^SCTBHTeaBHOCTB BCKOpb 

-^^ QOAmyTHia hq^'b dxofi ero CTpacTBK), h ^arypaHTRa OAHoro h8'i> 
■BEHX'B HapasGKHXi xeaipoB'B, vb aoTopyi) BoAiapi BaDdHaca, 



k 



60A28F1>, ETO SH8HL H nOdSIfl. 149 

uyjiaTRa l^HHa ^nsajB, na bcd shshb safipajia ero b'b pyKH. CBfldB 
dTa 6£iia no Ecrssb posoaoD ji^ BoAJiBpa. IIo OAHHorjiacHoify cbh- 
;itTejBCTBy Bci^xi jipyaeS h 3HaKoinixi> nosTa, Vb arofi SCaHHi ne 
6iixo HHqero ^aHi^aTejEBHaro: hh oco6eHEoft KpacoTU^ he yua, hh 
TaxaHTa^ he cepAi^a, SHqero, KpoMi 668rpaEEuaro droHSna, icopu- 

CT0JII)6]E E JierKOllHOJdE. Ho COftjl^flGB Cl EOK) Ey fifilTb MOSeiTB, B'B 

fla^alft noj[i)6nBi BnoiBi ECKpeflso, Bo^Jidpi c^EiajTB yse noToirb 
jsflHTowb ^ecTE BO EOKEj^aTB ^0 K0Eii;a 8Ty EecqacTEys. Osa BcaqecsE 
o6MaEHBaj[a ero, pasopajia, BBo^Ejia vb seonjiaTEHe j^ojite, EajiiBajEa 
BMy noTJiiD sa meio, a oh'b KpoTKO e aoKopEO bueocejh* bco, se- 
Rorxa EEEOHy eo sajiyflCB, eo narascB Aase nopBaTB ary Eeecre- 
CTBOEEyi) GBflSb CI cBooS «belle ignorantei, Kas'B EasHBaii owb 
^EasEy ^DBajiL B'B cTExaxi. EaKi Cojibeieectbo seEn^EEi i^teoA 
pacn, SCasEa Bifida EpecrpacTie rsb oehpteuitb EanETKaii'B e em^e 
Bi MOAOAHO roAH 6Hia nopasesa napajTE^ioirB. BoAJidp'B noMicTEXb 
ee B'B ojxfij EBi Jiy^niflx^ jie^efiEHi^ e, oTEasuBaE bo bcbm'b ce6i, 
ycTpOBJTb TajTB camofB E0M^pTa6ej[BEUM'B o6pa3oirB. Ho, Jiv>6a. se- 
cejiBB E EeEaBEAE OTB BcoS jsjton cKyKy, SKaEsa, eo yciriBi en^e 
xopomesBRo nonpaBETBCE, nocniEiEJia bbcSte ebi Sojibeej^u e nocem- 
jiacB Ea erroTB pas'B B'B o^eoS KBaptEpi ci eobtovl. Haj^o jiyiiaTB, 

TTO 8T0TB EOplOJI'B COBMiCTEOfi 2KE3EE 01 ^pEBOJBSOt, SOBtoeCTBeE- 
EOft E BSfiaJIMOEISOft SeEEXEHOft QUJTB ]IM SOFO 0C06eEE0 TESOTB, 

TiiTB Ee MOEie oe'b 'repniJiflBO BUEeci flicKOJtBBo xbrh Tacoit sbsee. 
^ase B'B caHue nocjii^AHie ro;iH, saxojuiCB yse vb Ao6poBoj[BEO]rB 
EsrEaEifl Vb BejiBriE, vb kottax'b nojraofi EflnterH, Bo^jibp'b Ee nepe- 
craBai'b noMoraTB SasEi; se saGuBajia e OEa ero, Aase bi to BpeMfl, 
Bor;^a ob'b leacaji'B y»e Ea cicepTEoirB o)Q)i, npo^^oJisaE rpoMETB 
EECBvaHE, B'B KOTopux'B TpefioBaia ;^EerB E j^eserB... Hocjii CMepTE 
noBTa, BnaBi> B'B crpamByi) Efln^eTy, e ona BCKopi yMepjia rA'6*-To 
B'B . rocEETart. 

KoEe^Ho, TSKas sec^acTEafl cbesb eo Mona eo ocrasETB B'B ^ymi 
noBTa HpaqEUXi (oijsflvb. Mebe bb TaEoft cpe^t, r;^ Majio Bcrpi^a- 

lOCB EaCTOEE^EX'B SOEElEEl, E Cy^E EBX'B EO JKaSEt E EO APy^- 

rBiTB ofipasqflRaM'B 6oj[BmeD qacTBD Toro ace teihi, oeb ecrecTBeEEO 
jifosRevb Obejtb Epio6ptcTE caifue crpaESue e ahkIo bbfjuiah EaflX'B 
cqeTB. Oe'b cEETajTBseEEpiEy oaeod ebi o6ojrBCTETej[BEux% $opirB ;q»E- 
BOJra; oe'b BupasatTb A^se yAEBJceEie TOny, tto ee nycKaiDTB B'B 

I^epKOBB... 

BospacxaioE^afi sysA^ BCKop'fc saflpoTEja Bo^Jidpy BCERyD poe- 
KomB. C'B 46 ro^a yse oe'b xoaejtb no nycTUESBDii yiEi^aiTB C.-JEep- 
MOECRaro npeAMicTBfl eo bb moabomi> qepEOMB KocrioMi, a wb pa- 
Goqeft 6jty3'6. Bnpo^eM'B, E3B*CTEaro po^a jifiEjsjiBWb oeb yMtj'B co- 

XpaEETB JSfiXe B B'B BTOITB OA^EHiE. MeS^y TbWb BHCTynaTB Ea Jlfl- 

TepaTypEyD apeEy Cb npoEBBeAeEiflHE cBoefi MysH EoAJidpi) Me^irEJi'B. 
GjiaBa Q&b ero opEFEEaJiBEOM'B e CEJiBEOirB TajDiaETl^ y»e a^bso bh- 
Eua EB'B Epe^iJioB'B T^cEaro APys6CKaro Kpyssa, r^t nodTB jie)6eji'b 



150 PyCGROB BOrATCTBO. 

HEXaiS CBOE CTIIXH HtCEOJLKO HOHOTOHHUITb H ntByqEITB, HO BlfiCTi 

cL rfaiiii BiiacTEHM'B rojiocoiTB, npoH3BOAHBmH]rb na ciymaTejiefl rjiy- 
doEoe BneiaT.Tl^Hle; ho, TOHEift HitHHiexb RpacoTU, oh'b ho cntnmjTB 
ne^atarbeii n Bce ncnpaBj[flj[i>, OTjiftiHBai'B h ona^iHBajrB ^opiiy 
cBOHxi. npoii3ue,^eflitt. ^o ^ero ;^oxo;^EJIa ero crporociB kt* ce64, no- 
KasHBaerb xorb {^asTb, ^o cBoe ^;^Hoe cTEXOTBopeme cAiBdaTpoGii^, 

^HTaEBOa iipy3I>HJtfB BCKOp'b nOGli nOiSAKH Bl HH^l^ilD, OHli He plmHiCH 

noMtcTHTB Bi> HepBou'B H3AaHiH «Fl6urs du MaU, BBnnejtmeBTB bi cb^t'l 
uffreaAi^aTii jtTT> coycTH (57 r.)!.. Bi neqaTH Bo^^ap-B BHcrynHJTb 
BuepBue He cTiiioTBopi^eirB, a spHTHRoirb — ceaqajia caioHOB'B shbo- 
uHcn, a aartM fi ii jEaTepaiypu. Bii nipt 0paHa;y3CKHix xy^osEHKOBi* ^o 
cETh nopii npuHHTO c^HTaTb, TTO $paHi^iH HO HMiia xy;^oaecTBeH- 
Haro KpnTflEa, pasHaro Bo^idpy no tohsocth BKyca, KpacoTU h dnep- 
riEi CTH^H. Bet ero CHMuaTiH ckjiohjbu[hci> Ha CTopony naposAaBineftca 
Tor^a meojM peaiBHoft shbouhch, ho zv>6EhLintb ero xyAOSHHKOMi 
Cuj'L jI^ejmKpya; esx no8TOBi» ohi 6oJiBme Bcero jn)6Hj'L niBi;a pa- 

60i|QX% ni>epa ;],DnOHa, orb EOTOpSMl BMtCTt ;Q)aj[Cfl nOTOJTL Bl iDHb- 

cKie AHu Ha ^appHsa^ax'B. BaoGiiACTBiii inrepaTypHue BKycu Boa- 

lapa SHaTDiejLHO OTKJEOHHJIHCb Bl» CTOpOHy ^^ECTaFO HCsycGTBa: Kl* 

Eepaa^se c»h^ 4yfiCTB0BajrB OTBpan^eHie, js,t> Ttoto paBHOAynne, nps- 
asaBaii^ tojilko IHaToSpiaHa, BaiB3aEa, CTeHAaiH, $j[o5epa, BaHBHiH, 
ToTbe, MepBMe, ab-Behbh, JleKOHra Ae-JlEJUi... Ho Bi 40-xi roAaxi>i 
EOTopue O^JiE nepioAoiTL HaH6ojrle nBinrnaro paci^BiTa h ji^lsl ero 
co6cTB6HHaro TaiaHxa, oHi OTJiH^aicfl ropaqHMH AeMORpaTB^ecKHMH 
BKycajTii. JlBtuKBHie 48 r. yBjeMO Vb cBOft hotoki h BoA«»pa. 
HeiTbafl, Biipo-ietfx, csaaaTb, vroGi ohb imlurb KaEyD-iH6o OHpe^b- 
jieHHjrB nporpauMy, npHHaAJiesai'B is,% EaRoS-HnOyAB onpeA^bjieHHoft 
3eM0KpaTH4ecinift ^paKipH: BipoaiHie Bcero, ^to xojiEHyjrH ero bt» 
peBOJiEoaiio ryMaHHTapHua npEHUjHiiii BOo6ni;e n co^yscTBie s^b 
paOo^ieuy Eiiarcy, soTOpoe owb npio6p&rb vb cbohx'b CKHra- 
Hi^xii no rpji3H^irb npeAuicTbsxx napHasa (Bci jiy^unin cTHXOTBope- 
Hifi ero BT. aTOBTb poA*, tJtyma BHHa», cXirtib TpanH^HHROB-b*, 
«CyMepKji>, ^PaacBiTb* i aP- HanHcaHH Bi fiypHHft nepioA^b EOHn;a 
40 rr.j; ho hm'^jio aojod BMHia h Mqnoe oaiodienie HpoTHBi 6yp- 
^yasiE H opaBHii^HX'b siaccoB'b. HisoropHe HSi APTS^fi: BHA&ra, no 
Kpanneg Mtpt, BoAiopa, (Tb pyxbeirb Bx pyEi CTOSBmaro bo vMvk 
TOMiM Q iipii^uBaBoiaro ee paapymHTb ^AOin» renepaia ^OnHEa, ero 
BOTiEHa.., 0:iiioBpeMeHHO CTb ytiacTieH'b Bi yjiEHHEixi ABHaseHiflxiy 
BoAJiap-b niiitajicE cj[ysHTb A^i^OEpaTEqecEHH'b nji^eawb h Ha uo^Bt 
KypHaiHCTEKii, oyAy^H peAaRTopoirb OAHoro B^eMepnaro peBOjnoitioH- 
Earo ESAaHiE. BfiixoAHBinaro B^b 48 r. bi* IlapHsi. Ho ueTTti 6£IXH 
BCKOpt pasoETU. HacTb BOSA^fi AeHOEpaxiH norH6ia hih fiisaia sa- 
rpannny (itaKi. BaRTop^ Froro), ^acTb onycTHJia roiOBy hih oxAaiacb 
BOiiEi paaHiiiti. Coaepi^aTeJibHafl, spoTsaa narypa namero HOdxa ne 
6ii2L^ npHrojtHa wi> 6oeBofl A'bHTeibHOCTH HH Ha noii yjiHUoft^ hh Ha 

EDjt ^epHHiEbBOft 6paHH, H BGEOpt OHl* HO^yBCTBOBai'b Bl Ayin^ CBO- 



Bo;(V8Pi>, Ero snsHB b noasia. 151 

«ft CTpanmyD nycTHH©. nporaHyrb pyKy npasHrejiBCTBy HanoieHa III 
OHi He Morb E ;^o KOHi^a ocraicfl b'b CToponi otb o6ii(ecTfieHHaro 

HHpOra, lAOTOpHd Cl TAROft XaAHOCTbX) ]AlEJL9k TOTJIB, JMlOfiSia Toina 

peneraTOFb, iHi^eHipHiix'b xaHset h pa6oAtoHuxi xoionoBi.; ho a^h 
Hero HeBOBMoasHO 6hjio h npoji^oiseHie oTHomenift cb peB0J[]DI^0H.epaMH, 
Tan sas'b bx j6^b3Rjs,emaj,'h ero, ^TS^^aTb ao t6x'l nopi Kasofi-jnifio 
TBepAofi 060CHOBSH, Ha^ajiaoB pidKaa dBOiDii;iH, ROHqaBmaaca npHMofi 

BpaS^^OD SO BCflRHM'B J^eHORpaTH^eCKHlfB yTOOifllTB, lOICJUOfH HB- 

o6zoAHMOCT£ ^M coBpeMOHHaro oCn^ecTBa RaTOJHqecRoi pemiH h 
nojiHTHqeoRaro aficojnoTHSica, ^aHTasiflMH o Tpexx cooiOBiflxi* — boh- 

HOFb, CBfln^eHHEROBl H DOdTOBl... C'B 6oumOft OptaRO OCTOpOSHOCTBD 

Ha;^o OTHocHTBCfl Ri onpeA'&AeHiD ncTHHHaro CHucia h 3Ha?eHifl 8T0t 
BHyTpeHHSH peaRipH: no8TB, HanHcaBnrift (OTpe^eme cb. nerpai, ho 
KOFB^ ROHe^Ho, 6uTB npaBOBtpHsiTB RaTOjTHROiTB, H nana HaBij^HOe 
tn> ysacoMi OTmaTHyjrcH 6k on TaRoro cHHa cBoeft ii;epRBH; ijpa- 
BHTOACTBo BTopoS HMoepiH, npHcy;3[;iiBnie6 Kb yHH^roseniD c6opHHRi 

«I]|iBiTOBl» Siai, T0<IHO TaRSe He MOFJIO 6h HCTOJEROSaTB B'B CBOD 

sojiBsy 6oA:i9poBCRift a6coj[ioTa3in>; HaROHOui, h 6yp2Kya3Hoe o6nte- 
OTBO, TaREMH upa'iHHMH RpacRaMH otipHcoBaHHoe Bx oFO eoqEHemaxi, 
He Morjio cqHTaTB ero cbohmx ctopohhhrom'b. noJunb^ecRie h o6h^6- 
cTBeHHHe BZTSBjihi BoA'Bpa, HOCROJSBRy ohh BEipaaajTHCB wb ero 
aBTo6iorpa$HqecRHx'B saMtTRaxi, nopasaiorB nacB cBoefl ahrogtbx) h 

peaRI^OHHOCTBX), HO OHH HO JlfiJOnTh RiTD^ia Rl dTOft cB0eo6pa3HOfi: 

^YuA, — Rj[[%)qa, RoropHft mosho CHCRaTB tojibro vb TiTb xe «I];b6- 
Taxii 3jia». 

Ob ROHQa 40 'rr., Boji^idpi na^aJTB yBieiRaTBca TaRse co^hho- 
siflMH SHaMeHHTaro aicepHRaHCRaro nHcaTejon d^rapa Iloa h ycHieHHo 
nepoBo^^HTB HX'B Ha 0paHi](y8CRift hsedcb. HecoifstHHO, qro y o6ohxx 

aBTOpOBIi 6WiO B'B HiROTOpUXl OTHOmOHiflXTi CHJIBHOO ^^yXOBHOO l^Jlr 

trrBO, H 6jtaroAapa evy to, BoAiapi jnofinrB no8 TaRofi cipacTHot, 
AOXo^HBrnefi AO SoiidHeHHaro o6osaHiH j[1)6obbio. Ha^HHaa cb 46 r., 
offB nepeBo;^HjrB ero bqiotb j^o caMoft cifeprn bi 67 r., nep^BOj^ai> 

CB HSyMHTeJDrBHHM'B TpyA0J(K)6ieM'B, He06URH0BeHK0tt TOqHOCTBD H Bip- 
HOCTBD HO^JIHHHHRy, TaRl ^TO Jlfi CHXl HOpi UO CHpaBeAlHBOCTH HpH- 

SHaoTGH o6pa8i];oBLiirB h Heno^asaeMuorB nepeBo^qHROiTB anepHRaH- 
cRaro nosia. ^o RaRoft crpacTHOCTH ;^oxoAHJ[a 8Ta MHCTHqecRafl jid- 
6oBB Bo;i;i8pa ri Iloa, bh^^ho h3i ero HHTHMHaro ^H^HHRa nocjrbA- 

HEXl jrl^TB SH3HH, T^i Ha pH^iy OX nOROfiHUM'B OTI^OMl OHX C^H- 
TaOTB H ]lJVb n08 CBOHITB SaCTynHHROlfB HOpeffB BUCDIHirB MHJIO- 

<5ep;^ieMX... 

^ojiro iieAJiHJii) BoAJidp'B cb o6HapoAOBaHieMi cboexx opHrHnajiB- 

VUYb CTHXOTBOpeHifl, E TOIBRO JI4tOMX 1857 T. c6opHHR'B cI^BiTOB'B 

3jia» yBHAaix, HaRonei^, ob^tb. ABTopy 611JI10 Vb 8to Bpeicfl yse 

36 itTB... 

cH^B^TBE 3jia> 6ujLz A^HaifHTHOd 60M60S, ynaBmefi bi Gypasyas- 
Hoe o6ii^ecTBO BTopofl HMaepiH. Bume mi roBopHjm yaRe npieirbi 



152 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

OEESaHEOM^ HH1» BO $paH^iQ. IIOdTB ^JBCTBOBaJTb COfifl yHH^TOXBH*^ 

EHUi>, pa3;;aBjeHHUM'B HecnpaseAJmBBUfB ocjMjsfiEiQv^ ero ehefh^ 
RaKt 663HpaBCTB6HH0ft H aHTHpexHriosHot. OffB c^HTarb ce6fl ono^ 
sopeBHUMt, ^iHQieHHUM'b HBBcerAa ^CTfl... «Pa3Bi asTepi, BBccTynai)- 
miiS Ba ciieiit, roBopMt ohx, — oTBiTCTBenx aa poiH npecxynHH- 
£OBi>, £OTopiiixi) owb H8o6pasaerL? He HM'ki'b jle a npaaa, fljBj&e ho 

6UJ1% JIH D^HSarb (Tb B03II0aCHH[Ml COBepnieHCTBOirb npHHOpOBHTb CBOd 

jK'h E laJiaBTi) KO BceBOBMOSHHirB co4>HaMaM'L H BHAaMx pasBpani^eH- 
BocTS cBoero BiKa?> Tojbko jsfiBarb JLirb cnycra, bi> MHHyTy 03jio6- 
jLBEm ;ipyroro po^a, BUCKasaix oh'b coBepmeHHO HHyi) iutcju» o cBoei 

EHHFi fil> OJiROWb MWb HHTHICHUX'B JlECQWb: «Bx 8Ty SBCTOEyi) KHBry 
H BAOSU^ll. BCIO MOB) MBIClb H COpAAC, BCD MOD HiXHOCTb H HeHa- 

BHCTb, BCB Moio pejiflili)... H QcisL 6u fl HanHcai'L npoTHByaojEOSHoe, 
6CJH 6b[ KJTHJiGE BcbuH 6oraMH, qxo OTO npoESBOAOHie ucTaro HCRyc- 
CTfiE, ogesbiiHCTBa, soHTJiepcTBa, TO fl Jirajni 6u caMbiirb deacTUAHbUfb 
o6pa3oji^N— H nocjiiAAee MstHie, 6uTb Moacerb^ ;^a»e Bipaie: yarb, 
KOHe^Ho, «I],BtTH 3jia> MOBbme Bcero MoaKHO HasBaTb npoHdBeAOBieii'E. 
^Hcraro HCKycciBa. Uo Bi tobtb to h a^io^ ^to cy^bH aoaia nirys 
c^HmKOH^ MJvpHe ji6u, ^to6u noHHTb HX'b TeHAeflI^D, 6hb- 
myio npHMo bi^ rAaaa KasAOMy 6e8iipHGTpacTH0My cyAbi h A^HHTejii). 
XaHJKau-B H ({lapHcefliTb ho 6£U0 A^a ao BHyTpoHHaro CMUCJiaf ao 
dyu(ti npoH3BeAeHiii> a BasHie Bcero fiiuo cotfjuoAOHie ^bcto bb^- 
Hi^ii ycjoBia nypHBMa — h BOTb, «n^BiTaMi 3J[a> fiuji'B BuneceH'B isi^ 

BOJHAiU HpaBOBl 06BHHHTeJlbHUtt BOpAHKrb. Co6CTBeBHO rOBOpfl, B^ 

HacTOHn^ee BpenA, RorAa 4>P&Hi^y3CEifi HaTypaiHBM'b npiyun Hac^ 
El* TdKoii cTpamaoS noA^aci OTEpoBeHHOCTH asuEa, qHTaieib, ana- 
ROMufi Ao Ttxi. nopi CB fioAiepoMi JtHinb no HaciuinE^ bbabx eixv 
EHHry BT> pyne, se noftnoTB ^amjd CMHCja aioro ocysA^HiA* i*Ai 2E^ 
TyTi> i^BHHSH'b, 6e8HpaBCTBeHH0CTb? B'&Ai>, HO FOBopfl Aaxo AJTk 
EEHFH, Bi> cMHoii ^opuu, BBiiEa, 8T0 HO 6ojibm6, EaEi pefia^ocEift 
leueTh Bt epaBieiiifl crb 3oju[, MonacaHOMi, KaTyjuoirb MoHAecoH'B, 

lOflCMaHCOM'b E APyi'HMH HOBiftmHMH nHCaTeiHMH? n B'b CaMOMl fifblAl 

immoU np^qQHofi ocya^eHk EHBra 6hjlo, aecoHHiHHO) e& 3ariaBie> 
AaBaBmee noBOA^ AyMaxb, ^to aBTopi> co^BCTByerb H3o6paseHHOMy 
Ell He^ «3Jiy», HCBpefifio c^BTaerb «i^B'bTaMH» (xota h ii;BiiTbi 6bi- 
BaDTi» BtAb padHue?) Bci HapHcoBaEHue vb neft ysacu. fiyAB Bca 
EHEra osarjEBJieHa «Ciiiiihomi b HAoajioM'b*, saBi HasHBaercfl nep- 
Bbit, camofi OoiBmofi: a 11,'bflHbifi ota*]^!* efl,~H ocysAeHia, 6uTh mo- 
xerb, HO nocji'bAOBajio 6bi, a nesAy riifb ^CwLEWb n HAoajm aa^ko 
6o^Bm6 nojixom^o 6u Ei HasBaHis) Bcero c6opBHEa, TJ^i «I]^BtT£i 
3jra»j B ecjB iioerB BH6parb Bce-iaRH noci'MHee, to, eohomo,, oTAa- 
Bd£ maBHyMii o6pa80irb jifiOh poMaBTH^ecEOMy 6yBTy cBoefi hojco- 
AOCTB M npfipoABod crpacTH e% npoBin h MHCTE$BEaI^flM'b BCflEara 
po^a. 

Bt> 61 r; BHxoAHTb yso BTopoe HSAaHie «I]^iTOBi. 3jia», CB npH- 
fiaBneflieii^ 85 bobux'b nbecb, m> tomt. ^Hcii «Aib6aTpoca>^ <Ma-^ 



B0AJI8PB, KTO SH8HB H HOOaifl. 15$ 

jTOHbKHX'B CTapymeK'B?, no noBO^y soropHn r^ro BEq^aauca, ?to 
Bo^iap^ G03jDiajPB cHOBSifi poA'B Tpenera^ (1® i^o^^oftv frisson), h dly* 
TeiiiecTBiA», BToro opHrHHajiEHaro rHMia (uiepTE, soTopiift TaRBMs 

Mpa^HHlTB aEROpAOH'B BaRJTOHaeirB G6opHHKrB. 

Ob na^HJia 62 r. ' mu bhahmi nosTa b^ nonofi BiaoTE y ero 
crpaoiHaro He^yra. IIocTOflHHUfl HepBHUs 6ojih, pboth h rojiosoKpy- 
aoHiA oTHUHi yse se nepecTaBaJin ero My^HiB. HHorAa owb noflB- 
juijicfl eme wb yBeceiHTexBHUx'B Micrax'B, ho upa^HEift, neiDAHMufi^ 
nyraH cbohitb bbj^omi moxo;^hx'b A^BymeKii. Ky^a AiBajorcB ero fiujioe 
ocTpoyMie, cMtHHSmeecjec Ten^pB sojrauiirB &e;^0B0J[BCTB0Mi bc^&m'b 
ORpyacaDD^HMii, Becetiaa 6ojrTJiHB06TB h cipaoTB Kb ^aHepcTBy! Bn6- 
jeHHuft KorAa-TO fb napHarB^ wb ero myicHyH) 3rh3HB, bi> ero6£ecK'B 
H rpfldB, pocRomB h Hsn^eTy^ bb ero BpacHBBOi npsvaHBH h thoa- 
miflea fl3BU, TenepB ohb qyBCTBOBai'B kb Heiiy oiBpan^eHie. Ilapai- 
jiejiBHO CB xoAOVB 6ojr&3HH pocn H Ao^m, oxBaTBraafl ero mejA^^ 
mnwb KosbJifiUT> njmjm h npaBCTBeHHBrxB ofinaaTejncTBB... Meai^y 
T!iM%j jiHTepaTypHuft sapadoroKi) BOAiapa 6buib HH^ToseHB. 8totb 
poAB ipy^a H Boo6ii;e A^BaiB bb rb speMeHa bo ^aHipB o^ohb icajro^ 
sa HCEJiioqeHieMB pasBi AByxB-TpexB SHaMeHHTOCxeit, a TBoptteoEaa 
npoHSBOAHxejiBHocTB Bo^Jiapa 6iua ei TOMy se yAHBnrejniHO HesejrHsa^ 
fiiaroAapfl OTqacrs ero CTporoMy oTHomeBin kb cBoeiiy tuaHTy, a 
OT^acTH H xj^HocTE. TpyAOjao6ifl^ Rotopoe ohb laRB bhcoro niEEn^ 
craBfl ASUBe Bume baoxhoBohih, bb HeMB caMOifB Cjsjlo oiohb Maio, r 
coxpaHHJiocB MHoro aneRAOTOBB o tomb, rb rbrhmi yjioBKaM'B npH- 
6ftrajFB OHB jsfisi o6y3AaHifi cBoeft jiIhh, h RasB nocxtAHflH Bce-TaEH 
OAepsHBaia fiojamex) ?aoTB sepxB. TenepB, cb pasBOTieHB 6aiteHH^ 
6oj[BmHX'B JTHTepaTypHBixB 3apa6oTRaxB ne^ero 6ujlo h AyvaxB. Bb 
AOBepmeHie Hec^acrui, HSAaTOJiB BoA^iepa h flpjrb ero, Ilyae-Ae-Ma^ 
jucoH, npot^ptJSB, H BoAJTdp'B) RaRB BOOTAa fiiaropoAHHt n caHOOT- 
BepseHHHrfty cqejTB cbohmb A^^noiTB cBHsaTB OTHUHi) CBOD eyAB6y (tb 
ero cyAB6oD h pasAiiHTB cb hhmb Beb socrtAc^VBiH Rpax& HaROHeiiB^ 
OHB yxBaTHJtcfl aa npoAJioaeflie 6ej[BrificRHXB xyA0SHHR0B7» nponeciB 
BB BpDcceit pHA*^ nyOJin^HHXB JteRHiS o6b HeRyeoTsi h, yse c*o- 
BciifB CojiBHoil, noixaJiB TyAa bb anpijrb 64 r., oRpiueHHut ho^ 
bb[HH HaAesA^vH. IlepBiia leR^iH wixBi orponEHtft ycntxB, ho Bci 
He^Tii BCRop'b padJieiiiflGB npaxoirB) xaRB RaRB anrpenpeHepB na- 
AyJiB ero h SMicTO t6in^aHHUXB 500 ^pasROBB 3a JCORi^iiD, craji'B 
uaTHTB ona^jiia no 100, a hotoitb b ho 50 j^p., — cyHMa^ coaepmeHao 
HeAocrairo^Haa A^se ajk^ cRyAHaro cy^eciBOBamH. CRopo ohb bosho- 
HasHA'i^B BejiBilH) BctMH cnjiaMH Aymn: n jedah^ h npnpoAa, see Bsy* 
maxo eny sa^cb nojiHoe OTspameme. HapoAB 6e2[BriSGRifl RaseToa eny 
rpy6uMB, aroHCTH^HfiiMB, HcnojiHeHHsiMB BGflqeciuxB nopoROBB; AQ- 
pesBfl npeACTaBJ[HH)TGfl qepnuHH, i^eiTU nmeHHHHH 3anaxa, Bprac- 
ceiB BOHioqeft H rpasHofi RJioaKofi... Uoab BiiflHieMB 6oi'&3HH h HysAH> 
AyxB no8Ta, h 6e3B Toro crjiohhuS rb MejraHXOJiiH, OMpa^aeTca bgo 

CHJIBH^ H CHJIBHie. Ho BepHyTBCH HeMeAJTeHHO bb napHSB OHB hq 



154 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

xarki'B, TB.wh Kaxx pimu'B BopHyrBCfl Ty;^a jeeuib go cjiaBoS, Honox- 
itEWh Bci GBOH o6a3aTej[BCTBa. Oh:b nparoTOBifleTB KHHry o BenriH 

(OTh ROTOpofi OCraJHECB JHmb OTpiiIBKIl), TJSfk XO^eTB H8jlHTf» BCD CBOD 

sejiiB jipoTHBi 8Tod crpaHU, bcd cbok) HeHaBHCTb Kb 8T0My Hapojty... 
Mhoto pa6i>TaTB9 ojqiaKO, OBiHe MOxerB, noTOMy hto CoJuhsEh npo- 
jioimAerh ^aTL cBoe crpaniHoe jr&io h baotl saepeA^ rHraHTCEHMn 
maravH.,. 

BoTi> Kasi onBCUBaerB ToTbe HapTSHOCTb Bo^iepa vb btotb no- 
c^l^AHiM nepio;^ ero shsbh: «Ero ^erypa HoxyAaja h Kasi 6u OAyxo- 
TBopfljracii; riasa paomHpHJiHCb, hoci saocTpHicfl n crajTB KaKT> 6u 
Tsepma; ry6u 6ujih TaHHCTBeHHO csara h, RasaiooB, xpaHHiH vb 
cBOflxii yriaii Kasyio to capKacTH^ecKyi) sara^Ry... Ki pynflflUirB 
BtKor;^a cniBsaiiB meBi npHMimaucB samie tohu 6ojrb3HH h 
yroMiteBiii. HicKOjiBRO oOiHctefflift Jio6Ti BunrpajTB bb BejiH^HHi h, 
TaEii cEasaiB, cojihahocth; ohb CuA'b to^bo BHci^OBB H8B caiiaro 
EptDEaro MpaMopa. ToBRie, mejROBBCTue, A^BEEKe bojiocu, yse 6ojrb6 
^me R noiTB coBCtMB dfbJiue (BTb 44 roAa), rapMOEEpoBaiH cb aiott 
^BaioHOMiet, OABOBpeMOEEO E orapoft e HOJioj^ofi, npEj^aBaa OKy no^TE 
Kpe^ecKifl BHAB>. 

HeJQb3£ paBBOAyniEO ^ETaTB ESTEMEUfi AHeBSERB, BB ROTOpOlTB 

no3TL aanncBiBaoTB cb TaRot TporaxeiBSOfi, cb xaROfi no^^acB a%t- 

CKOB OTEpOBeEEOCTBK) BOt CBOE ^BCTBa E MHCIE EOQliAEEXB XtTB 

sasffH, IlAeajTB AdHAESMa e seiaEie BoaCysAaTB yiEBieEle cB^Ta- 

CBOEHH HpnqyAaME E OpEFEEaiBEOCTflME A^BHO ECqeSIE BB EOMB 6e8B 

crkji^ E cutHflJiBCB ApyrEiTB, 6ojrbe BosBBuneEEUMB EAeajEOMB — EpaB- 
CTBeenaro coBepmoECTBOBasiE. OAHOBpeHOEEO cb aiEifB, vb bomb 
BcmiinBaerE CTpacTEaa jii)6obb rb MaTOpE, sexaBie xotb crojibro- 
heOjab Barjia^AETB Bce to rope, ROTopoe oeb epeheeejib eft bb sesee... 
OTEuat fice, qTO OEB 3apa6oTaeTB, oeb fiyAOTB a'^htb Ea qoTupe 
paBHfiiH lacTE: OAEy jsflSi cefis, ApyryD AU MaTepE, TpeTBD ]s,Ea. 
^^ttaHHbi H ApyaeE, qeTBepTyD a^ rpoaetopobb. Botb ero o6fl8aE- 

HOCTE. ^T06m BiinOlEETB EXB, BySSO pa60TaTB E pa60TaTB, a fl^UL 

ardro nyacHo SAopoBBe. A hto6h cTaTB SAopoBBiirB, oeb aojisoeb no- 

CXpOBTL CBOH) SE3EB EO COBepEieBEO EOBOMy EJiaEy E EpesAo Bcoro 
CXaXB HpaBCTBeHEO JiyEEIEMB, ^ECTUMB, BOCEETaTB B^ Ce6i J[]060BB E 

SHTB lEDODBBi)... KaRifl ECRpeEsifl RjiflTBBi Aa^TB OEB ce6i E Bory^ 
nacBSTETh QTHHB'b BCD SE8EB A'A AOCTEseEifl dTOFO EOBaro EAoajia! 
KaKiE ropbKJE cosaiiEifl cpuBaiOTCE cb ero ycTB o EanpacEO no* 
TpaqeBHuxi) ^ cEiaxi^ e mojioaocte! TjiaBEoe cpeACTBO a^ CBoero Ay- 
xoBHaro fio3/(epaRaEiE oeb bhaetb bb TpyA'b e rEiieEi: oeb oTRa- 
sercH OTh Bcero B036ya^ai)niaro, craEOTB setb cRpoMEO, yiitpeEEOi 
6y^eTB paooTaxB, RaRB bojlb, cb paEEaro yrpa ao nosASflro ae^epa, 

B BCXptqaH E ROE^iafl CBOE A6EB TOEJIOfi 6ectA0ft cb Ee60irB. H RTO 

snaerb: 6mtb mosotb, eobbe sebeb e eobue ^aciasA^EiE 6jiecEyrB 
cine A^H Horo? YniaTa aojefobb, pasBETie xaiaEra, cjiasa, o6e3ne^eE- 
HOCTB E ciacTie MaTepE e ^aEEU?.. Ho, yBs! seseb eo SAaia e 



BOAAdP^, KrO 3SH3HB B nodsifl. 155 

roBopHJia BcrbiTB 8thkt» poaoBUMi ireqTaM'B: hosaho!.. Hacii Bo^Jidpa 
iipo6HJ['B. Bi anpijt 66 r., napajEs^'B paaOiuE'B bod npaByx) nojuo-^ 
BHH7 ero T&ia h jcannurL flsusa. Ci> bthx'b uop-B oti Hero ocraeTOfl 
SHBoi Tpyn^B, e sashi^ ero npeBpamiaeTCfl bi GuomHyx)^ MywTeu- 
ByD aroHlH). Miowb, Toro se ro^a, ApysBH nepoBesjiH ero bi> Ila- 
pHSTb H noMicTHJiH Bi xopomys) jie^e6HHi(y. MaTB Haxo^iuiacB npH 
Heifb no^TH HeoTiyHHO jifi aha cMepxH. Oaho Bpeiffl KasajoEocB, 6yATo 
<3oj['b3HB noAAaiacB ycHJdflH'L spaqefi — toshRoA Ha^ian* BcxaBaxB, xo- 
AHTB H npoHSHOGHTB HtKOTopufl cjDcoBa; HO BpeuoHHoe yjiy^menie Ha- 
crynHAO jthhib ji^a loro, ^to6u paspadHTBCH saT^Mi OKOH^aTeJEBHUirB 
BpHSHCOUB n yse HaBcer^a npHrBos^HTB Hec^acTHaro noaxa Kb no- 
crejiH. Toj[BRO ABHseHieifB rjiai^B, Bcer^a ne^ajEtBHuxi h spotkhxb, 

VOFB OWb CTb BTHXl HOpi* BBrpasaTB CBOH MUCffl H ^BCTBa, CBOD 

ps^ocTB nps uocini;eHiflX'B Apyseft. 8to ysacHoe nojioseme, paapu- 
BaBmee cepAi^e MaxepH h bc^xi Cxhskhx'b, ajihjiiocb o^ohb ji,ojlvq. 
CnepxB HacxynHxa ssmh 31 asrycxa 67 r., 6031 bcheexx bhahhhx'b 
cxpaAanifi, noeit AOJiroft,<.Ho xhxoh aroHiH. 
BoAJiapii yMepB 46 jt^tb otb po^y. 

n. 

npEGxynafl r'b noApo6HOft xapaBrepHcxmct 6oAJidpoBCKo& nodsis h 
oi^^HKi efl dHaqesiH, mu npesA^ Bcero xoxhitb oxu^xexb oh mrbsam, 
Bci Ti ypoffTOBue h 6ojrbdHeHHHe iipba&tkh, Roxopue paci^i^H no- 
xoiTB xaKHiTB nBrmHUiTB i^BixoirB vb nodsiH ero noApasaiejiett h so- 
xopne joojmwby icajio SHaEOMHirB ex hoaiehhhm'b oCpasoitb Bo^Jiapa, 
noBBOJuooxi c^ExaxB ero qyxB-jiE He uaBoiD coBpeMOHHaro jsfizdkjifiwr- 
exBa H CEMBOJTHSMa. ?xo Kacaexcfl axoro nociiAHEro (cEMBOjrESiia), xo 
BoAJtap'B noBEHeHB bx homx jiehib nocxojiBRy, nocROJiBRy hh oaehb 
noarx ne MoacexB o6oftxECB 603^ ynoxpefijieHiH ghmbojeobx h o6pa30BB; 
oxHocExeJTBHo 3Re A^RaAeHxcxBa cji'&Ay^^E^ CRasaxB, tto BnepBne cjiobo 
Bxo 6BIJI0 npEM^HeHO R'B HoasiE BoAJiapa t^xb-jih se hitb cavEirB, 
xoTfl paayMiJix osb eoax axEiTB caobomx coBciMx ne xo, tto paay- 
MiexcE noAx HHifB Wh HacxoEHi^ee BpeMfl. FoBopH «AeRaAaEci>, ovb 
HMiix BTb BEAy xy BHcmyx) nopy sp'kiocxE Hai0oHaj[BHO& RyjEBxypH 
E HiHBHJinsai^iE, sa RoxopoD Hacxynaexx OApflXJiiHie h pasjuoseme, e 
Roxopafl npeAcxaBiaexx 006010 xaRoe yojioassoEie Bctxi cxopoEXBHim- 
Hefi E BHyxpoHHet shshe nejiOBiRa, RaRofi ne anajTE npeAmeexBOBas- 
nrifl, 6oj['&e HaEBflUfl anoxE. TaRoti nopofi ajue ^pasi^E ohb o^ExaJiB 
voMeHxx dO-xx roAOBX, EanoMESaBHiift eiiy C060D nocji^AHie B'&Ra 
pEicRoB BMnepiE h ea JHxepaxypu. Owb nojarajTB, ^xo noaxx xaRoS 
anoxE AOisoHx o&iraAaxB e esurom'b, oxBi^aDn^EifB EOBHirB yojio- 

BiElTB, flSUROlTB «60Jlie CJIOSEHMX E OdAyMaSEHMB, HOIHUMB CaHUXl 
pa3H006pa3HHX'B OXXi^HROBB E ESUORaSHBTX'B OIOBOOO^OXaEit, EdUROlfB, 

pacmEpEBiEEM'B AO BOdtfOXEBixB npoAtJiOB'B OBOE rpaHHi^i, HO^opuai)- 

man> CBOH CORpOBEE^a BO BCiTb CJIOBapErb^ irbcXHBEX'B, XeXHHHeOREX'B, 



15S PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. • 

OepymHTL KpacRH y 6c%n> iTaiBnrpi>, 3B7K9 T Bcix'B cymecTBymniHXTk 
EHerpyMC&TOB'b, jHtomHiTLnpHcnocofijirflTb mugxb r'b Ben^airL, KOTopKu 
Bcero T^jgwbe mji^ajorca BupaaceHuo, $opMy ki> oqepraHuufL HaH6o- 
rbe cHyTHuui) h HeyjiOBiufHirB, flsuRou'B, cnoco6HHirB nepeAasaTb caioia 
tooeIji opHSHaeifl ^TpacTeft, HeBposa, raiJiiDipHaiiifl, 6e3yMifl>. Ta- 
KOB^ tiMJUi ero fl^eai'L Hosaro cthjui, n cain» ohi*, no ofin^eHy npH- 
aHaHiD EpniHRV, 6Burb BeiHRHiTB MacTepoMi) cioBa E ^opiiu. B'b 

BTOMTj — H TOJBRO Kb BTOITB CBOeo6pa3HOM'B CMHClt — OffB ^MCTBH- 

Te^bHo 6iiirt nepBHM'B ;^eRiweHTOirB XIX cTOjrtila. IIo cjroBaM'B Teo- 
4^Bifl FoT^e, Tose sairiqaTejiBHaro cTHiHOTa, Bo;pr9px yirberB oahhitb 
KaRHM'L HflgyjiL BnHTeToiTB, yi^aiHO He 6aHajn»Ho BiiGpaHHHirB, bs- 
paBHTb TO, Hero joipyroft nHcarejfB ho BspasHTB h i^ott cTpanvueft 
1 anaro KpacHOpi^nBaro onHcaHifl. OcotieHHo noRaaajTb owb aro cBoe 
ftfacTepcTBti Bi i^tioMi pflA^ HefiojiBfaHX'B nposaHqecRHX'B pascRasi^eBi^ 
EOTopue fiasBajTB tLes petites pofemes en prose*, — nasBanie, Bann- 
GTBOBaEHoe HameiTB TypreneBUirB B'b ero «CTHXOTBopeHiflX'B bi npo3i>> 
To me :rH caMoe bhahitb mi o^naRO y coBpeyenHUX'B AeRa^i^eHTOB'B h 

CHMBOJIHCTtiBT., ROTOpHO npeCJij^yDTl, nOBH^HMOMy, COBepmeHHO JifiY' 

r|i) atjiL: ao^SopoMX cbohxi ennreTOBi cuiiaiL ofipasi MOHie Bcero ao- 
CTyHBHH^ ^eJioB'bHecROHy noHHHaHUo? 

Topas-ia cepBeanie o6BHHeHie b-l ManepnocTH, cTpaiHOCTH h h3H- 
cKaHHO€TE caMHX'B o6pa30Bi»^ H3i]o6j[eHHHXi> BoAJispoiTb. Ho ecTB na- 
Typm, roBopnrB totb se Fotbo, ROTopua no npnpoAi CBoefi MaHepHU. 
npocToTa 6ujia 6n a^ hhxx qecToft a^^ORTai^ieft s RaRi 6u bsbo- 
poHeEEok Ha HBHaHRy MaHepHOCTBD. Ha see najiflTb OHt no^i* gboo- 
o6pa3HHvi» yrjioMX^ heiojoe, HaeSoJiie tohrui^ cjoshha, HanpaseHHUH 
nepBMUB posA&K)TOfl B'B HXi Mosry, o6pa3u HaH6oj[ie cTpaHHue, 4[»aH- 
TacTH'iecKiQ H AMORie otb HBo6paacaeMaro npoAMOTa nopasaDTB hxi> 
paHBine Bcero. O^HaRO, too 6h hh roBopHJTb ToTBe Bi 3a^^HTy CBoero 
KSi6iiMB,ai, HeiBBfl OTpHi^aTB, TOO HaTypu 8T0 BO BCHROM'B ciy^ai He- 

fiOpMaJIBHHH, 60JlfeHeHHUH, H HTO BMOHHO B'B 9T0i-T0 CTOpOHt 60]S^^ 

poBCEOJt iToaaiH no3Affbfiniie 6e3T»HAefiHfiie no^pasaiejiH h naniJiH Bcero 
GojTBme uaiepBHJia a'a cbohxii ypoAiBBBixi h Hej[iDUX'B BAoxHOBemfi. 
To, HTO y EoAiapa Ohuto ecTecTBeHHO n HCRpenHO, too BUSBiBajiocB 

CBOfiCTBEUH OFO HaTypU, OHH padBHJfH BCRyOCTBeHHO H HaM'^pOHHO, 

AoOEBmHCB Toro, TOO BAopoBBift ^BTsmjsh noHTH naA'B RasAOft crpoRoft 
HX'B niicaHi^ AOJnseHi mapoRO pacRpunaTB rjiasa, nosHvaTB nieqaMH 
ajiQ /^a;E6 paspaacaTBCfl xoxotoitb... 

^MCTBBTejnbHO, BOAJlSp'B npOXOAHTB MHtfO Bcixi TbTb flBJiesifi 
SF3Hlt , EOTOpUH nOpasaH)!!!) MUCJIB H ^yBCTBO OfiUREOBOHHarO HaSjIK)- 

AaieiH. Ero BEHMame ocTaHaBiHBaerB Ha ce6t no npoHMyn^ecTBy Bfte 
aeofiBiqaoe, cxpaHHoe, fioAteneHHoe, TaHHciBeHHoe, h bto o6cTOHTejib- 
cTBo Assert TOenie ero npoHSBeAemfl nOA'iac'B aobojbho My^HieJiB- 

nUMl. ]yh30U%. PflA1> CaMUXl* CipaHHUX'L, npmjJl.SSBUX'h RapTEH'B H 

^aBTacuarapifl npoxoAHTB nepoA^ ero yMcxBeHHuifB B3opoM'B. Botb 
i^Kaieii,, immHO pasoA'^^Tiiitt h yRpameHHHfi njB'bTaiiH, HBjrfleTCH Ha 

I 



BOAXBFB, ErO aCH8HB B n083IS. 157 

CajL'B H BHAOui cfiOHMx saMopasBHBaeTB SpOBB Wb SHJiaXX 6e8ne?H£IX'B 
TaHi^opoB'L. BHyxps sanepToK na sjiu^'b EouHaxH xesHirB na nocxejiH 
o6HaseHHsft h ofiesrjEaBjieHHHtt ipyirB npespacHoft MOJOAofi xemofimi, 

a pA^OH'B ex nOCTOJIBH), Ha HO'IHOITL CTOJIEBi, CHHiorL JSaCHaa FO- 

jiOBa. CyMacmeAiniH nBAHHi^a ySHBaeTB cboid JiDfiHifyiD seny, 6po- 
caerb ee fb KOJiOAeBB h saounaeTi EaiiHflHH. BADfiAeHHue HaTU&a- 
DTCK BO BpeMfl nporyjBH ^y^ioiirb jAthhiii yrpoirB na OTBpaTHreiB- 
HyjD RapTHHy paaJiaraDn^eftca naj^aiu... IlepexoAHn jih Boajbp'b e'b 
uenie xpariraecKBM'L RoJuiHBiflHX heshe, e'b onHcaBiflMB cBoero poA- 
Horo H ropa^o JiDCnMaro IlapHsa, h laiTB ostb ho mosotb OT^ijbaTBCfl 

OTB CXpaCTH pECOBaTB ECEJD^ETeJIBHUfl ^OpTII E EOJlOSeHifl, OH 

<;EenTHqecKaro e xpaypsaro EanpaBJieBGUi cbohx'b Mucjet. UraByn^aa 
so se6y Jiysa, ORpyseHHaa miiBiM'B rapevoiTB sb^sa'b, ho BusuBaerB 
BT> semb o6pa3a BiJotieKBHTb, ^bsfv>mjd:Lca r^i^-flfldy;^ cno^i ciHBD 
€TpyA>; eItl, ona roBopBTB nodxy: «H rjusy, saEi rpy;iB, Bcsop- 

KEBEiyi) TOfifl, CBIHl OCSyA'^CEIX'B AHOft, fi^E E EpETEpafl, Hl^^ BOp- 
RaiOM'B TBOfl CRJlOEHjiaCB MaTB cHjlfiA* .'.. BOTB T6MHHft HTOpHUft Iipfl- 

xofli>, nt BEaEeHETue no8TU npoErpuBaDTb paSoxy ijmsnuTb Arb e 
TA* xopryDXTb^— «xoxi hccxbd cxapo©, xa .Rpacoxott oBoeft», boxi Mpaq- 

HUft E XOSOAfiUft rOGEEXaiB €00 BBAOXaME HOJIBXBl BAJSIb OMpaAOlTB 

H6ncxoxi»». MopxBei](u iiia,ijTb Ha JUL^jifimnii o toitb, ^xo hhrto 

HO npHHOCEXl EM1> CBiUBEX'B I^B^^XOB'B. TanisoiEGxi C08epi^a6xi» yAEBE- 

TOJiBsyK) crpaHy, noanyiD jiasypE e (kecRa, Tjsjk^ «0AiBEiECb bi ne- 
cxpue rpaHBTB, osepa cEsiE xorih, na HEJudoHH sepcx^b paauxui 
jsTb RpaflHi nmbnoMJiVb bomjiei. YxoifJiesHHtt nnoaxen, o^b pasBEE- 
^eHsuMfl EspBaME, 6p6Aexi> Bi> TyMasBoe yxpo no rpESBBorB h ny- 

OXfi[flHUM% yiEI^aiTB npOAMiCXBE H OXaHOBEXCfl HOOlEEAaHHO sepxBoft 

cxpanmoft ^aJ[rxK)^EHaI^E, Roxopaa jifi tjlj6siesl jijna norpacaexi ero. 
ByRHHEGxi> npoAaexi oxapyio inuiBEyD BHHry, na ofiiosRi Roxopoft 
EBofipasofl'B GROJierb, BspuBanmil seiuiK) lOEaxofi, — e bxotl cxpaH- 

Hilt pHCySOR'B EaBOAEXl» EOBXa Ha MUCJEB, ^0 fiUXB MOXOrB E XaiCB, 

aa npoA^aHE rpo6a, ho ROH^aexca shbeb xpy^a e jnanoHift... 

BoxTi cnsexu, Roxopiie Bo^Jiapi* a^wrb e EBfiEpaexi no npoEiiy- 
n];ecxBy. KaRi vb ikebee jn>6EjrB oe'b noA^^pRRBaxB cbod npEpoAHyD 

OpErBEaJEBHOCXB, MECXS^EKEpOBaXB E JSfiMQ SanyrflBaXB BEaROMUXl 

cxpaHHOCTEME E nps^yAaHS GBoero xapaRxepa, xaKB e e'b oBoeft 
noBBis 3ao6mrb nopaacaxB EeosEAaHEUUE e HenpiaxHiiitfl ofipasaME, 
TO^Ho ciriacB nopoft e hba'b co6od h naA'B uxaxejieirB. ToHRift i^t- 
HExojiB RpaooxH E Hacxopi HCRyccxBa, EB'B RaRoro-xo HenoEaTHaro 
no6ysAeHia, BiixeRann^aro^ o^obeaho, bbi rxy6EEH ero npEpoAH, oh'b 
nopxETB EEor^a npeRpacEifimee cxaxoxBopesle, seosEAaHEO e, Rasa- 
j[0CB 6£i, 663X EysAHL BQJiexaa bi nero RaRoS HE6yAB pECROsassuft 
o6pa3T», RaRoe HHfiyAB oabo cjeobo, Roxopoe EapymaerB xyAosecxBOE- 
HocxB Bne^axjiiHia. Ji^a npsMipa yRaseni xoxa 6u na cIIe^aJiB 
jiyHu>, nBecy, EcnoJiHeHsyD xaRoit H'bsBHO^ rpyexs s xOHRofi rpai^iE. 
Ho cpaBEosle ajEii ci Al^BymROt, laoRaion^eft nepoA^ cflOMi» <roe- 



V:H-^ 



158 PyCCROE BOrATCTBO. 

Tjpu HOJio/cux'B rpyxeft*, kek'b-to moRHpyen yxo s BOsdyxiaeTB h^p- 
xoTopyD ji,ocsL]sj. Hjih, TOJnbKo ^To AABi KpacEBoe onHcasie ocrposa 
nHTepii, 9Toro ocrpoBa «cjiaA0CTHiirB TaSfii» h cep^e^BUX'b iiHpoBi», 
HaAi> fieperaiin Eoxoparo crop^uft npHspaK'B BeHepu, Kan npeasAe 
Kor;ia-To, noxoEi Htrs, BHraen^ bi» crpyflrb apo]iaTa», — ceftqaoi se 
nocJFb dToro ci KasHirB to OTTaiRHBaDii^HirL peaiHSMOMii pHcyerB oHi 
HaiTB paajosHBiniftcs ipyirB BHciibHHKa vb <ILotojifA Ha ocrpos^ 
I](HTepy>! My^iiTexbCKafl snunsa Bootin^e 6iua b'b Harypi BoAiapa, ko- 
Topufi caiTL roBopiuTb npo ce6fl: 

S.—R Hostb H BM^cii pana, 
BesaaiQHTHaa meRa 
H ysAEJOfUL pyRa... 
KpoTROft sepTBi, KsA, TEpana 
Gepxae 8io6Hoe xano. 

H ara ny^HreibCRafl susa OTpaauacB h b'b ero npoHBBeAeHiflxi. — 

MUHepHOGTB nHCBMa H HSUCRaHHHOCTB 06pa80Bl, Vb CBfl8H CB si- 

cEOXBKo npepejuraeHHoft jdCobbd ri ROHrpacraicB h TflseiHirB 
B^^RTam, AonojmfflDTGfl y BoAJropa en^e HiROTopuHH crpaHHucTflMH 
BTopocrenoHHaro BHaqenLi, 8a ROToptui yi^inHjiHOB nosAHtftniie x^Ra^ 
jsfiwra, KaRB sa ni^TO cyn^ecTBeHHoe h no npoHiiyiiiecTBy AiBaioe. 

TaRl H3B&CTH0, ^0 OHI^ CI A'i^TCTBa OTJH^aJICfl He06fi[RH0B6HH0 TOH- 

RHiTB o6oHflHie]rB, n ^o qyBCTBO dTO en^e CHiBHie hsoii^hiocb sojtb 
BJdflBieu'B nyremecTBifl B'B rpomneeEia. crpasu ci hxb pocRomHOft, 
□ojiHoft apoMatOBii pacrareiBHocTBio. Siy oco6eHHOCTB CBoett opraHH- 
3aiUH OHi crapaeicfl no bobmoirhocth yTHiHSHpoBaiB h fb noBBiH: 
Apyrie noBTH nojiBsynrcfl, ruBHUM'B ofipasoMi, i],BiTa]fH h SByRaxE — 
oBTb iiycRaeTB* bi> xoab TaRse aanau h BceBOBMOSHue ottI^hrh apo- 
uaiOBi. Ciy^ftHO nafiAeHHuft vh CTapoMx niRa^y Ha;^6HTHft ^xaKorB 
CB 6£iBmHiiH Vb HBifB zoTuiBk TO ^yxaMH BUBUBaeTB B'B oro yirfc I^- 
lUR RapxHHH npomeAHiaro, to paAOCTsaro, to MpaqHaro, h Bnou:fc 
fleo^KHAaHHO j^A HHTaTaifl noBTB HasuBaerB ce6fl caMoro TaKHirB se . 
rpflaHuifB, crapuHi ^^JuaROHoifB, xpaHflniHMB 6osecTBeHHyD accesi^iiD— 
BOcnoMHHaEie o norH6met id6bh... ^anTasifl en^e 6oite KanpHBHaa: 
apoMaTB, ROTopuft qyAHTCfl eiiy bb njfaTBH, bi cbmohb rbjA jaotfa- 
Moft xeHnpmu, nepesocHTB ero bb j^ajieRyi) HHAin, ri ba BeieHinii 
TaHapHHAOBBQTB povaMi H ntcHflMi* HopflROBi Ha fiepory, sajiHTOirB 
gjiecROMi* jraaypnaro hojiahh; norpysHBB aufi vb ea pocRomHyn me- 
BOJiiDpy, QWb GOBepmaerB mhciohho A'bJioe nyTomecTBie bx 8Ty crpaay 
jiasypB H coxHi^a, ynHBaeTca cCMOJiott h nycRycoH'B Tponn^ecRHrB rb* 
COBB)) H, B'B saRJin^eHie, BocRiHSiaerB: 

Bb can(|iHpH cb nepiaiiH a 76ep7 Te6A— 

0, 6yxB, Bcer^a ihiib 6yxB pa6oft hohzb sejomfl! 

Th He o&HCB-iH, poxxeHHHft ^E Me^Tamfl? 

He <i»iAra-iB b'^^hocth, co xna ROTopoft a 

rioTaiD xexieHHO bbho BocnoHHHamfl?.. („nieBeiDpa''). 



BOAiaFB) Ero sh3HB e no83iA. 159 

Ceojilko 6jiecTflii]^'b Epacom, HCEjccTsa h nomm — h Kaxaa 
BMicxt eij TbiTb ABEaji, CojofisHeHHaa ^aHTasifl! — EoAJiapi» noA^epsH- 
Baerb HSBtcTHHtt bi 4>H8io2oriH ijfdkKTb cBasH Mea^y cBiTOBiiHH h 8By- 

KOBBDGS OIHiyB^eHUIHH, HO npHfiaBIflOTB K'b HHITB TaSSCe H 060Hfl- 

leJOiHHa: 

ECTB KHOTO SanaXOB'B BJSfi^BUrh, UOiOJlfiCCb, 

RastB T^o A'i^Tcsoe,— KaKtB sBysH juiedTH, HiaosHxi! 
3eieHHx%, Bas'b J3(ra... H VHoro ecxB hhhxi, 
HaxaxBHO dieniyngm, passpaTEHxi h MAiesEHxtb! 
TaKi nycsycs^ eHidairB, saTfjra h 6eB3oft 

]IOK>T'B dKCTaSH ^JBCTB^b H 60XPHXl CETb npH6ot. 

He OTCDAa jlb BsmxH Bct 8tb cGijiue naBUHui cByKB, <»ejmifl 
co6aKH> peBBOCTB H npo^ifl nvbmsm HeJituocTH coBpeMeHHaro chmbo- 
jni8ua? Ho KaKaa n sa'I^gb orpoHHafl pasHHiia MesAy noApasaiejuiifH 
H BXb npoTOTHBom! 

Hdi Bcixi ^acoBB AHfl BoAJidp'B j[d6htb no npeBnymecTBy cy*- 
MepKH^ Bdrb BiATh sHBOTHUxi T^xi, BOTopua HaH6oj[ie nyrjraBH h 
saraAOHBu, — KomeBX, cobx, Jiery^iBX'B Mumefi... J[h)6obb Kh KouiKairB 
Aoxojgijia y Hero ^acio ao cMimHoro, xoxs nexBda ne cosHaTBCfl^ ^to 
OH'B jwkjL'b xpacHBO OHHcuBaTB BTOFO A^ficTBHTeiBHO rpaiposHaro H 
npHBJteEaTejiBHaro SBipBKa: 

Orb BBBSBod nyApocTH BJCb whrb j[1o6bh yciaBi, 
Mil Bcb BJQotfifleMCJiy nopn AOCTHTHyBi sp^oft, 
B% HSBd^eBHocTB H xoiiu» EX'S 6apxaTBaro T^a, 

Bl HXI^ ^JTBOCTB Z'b XOJtOXy B AOMOC&ABHfi BpaBtB. 

KoM4>opTa 6yAyHB b MyxpocTB XPySBJIME, 
IRjfjTb THmHHu OB^ B cyuepoE'b bo^buxb; 
3pe6'B Bi CBod dSHnas'B oxotbo Bnpiiri 6n bxi^, 
KorAa 6h CA'i^aTBCn MorjrB OB'b pa6aHB! 
CBHTOBiaH^ H TOJQii oB^ BBymaiDTi cTpaxi^. 
MetmoA, eudh amb cepteantm npunuMOMfm 
TfbXh c^Mccom KOMCHuuxh, Komopue n necxaxh 
HeendoMbtXh nycmum xpacueo nuun Mwmeuorm.,, 
Hx'b. ^ecj[a Bcsptb nojmH, b b'b TpeBCTBiix'B 3pa?sax% 

neCHBHSE SOJtOTa TaBBCTBeBBO 6SHCTBS0TB. 

B'B pflAy ^HCTO ABKaA^HTCEBX-B ^opTi BoAiBpa HyxHO eme otm*- 
THTB ero npeAno^reme HOEyccTBa — npapoAt, EpacoiH, hbab EOTopoD 
npoiBJiacB co3HaTej[BHafl pyEa xyAOBCHBEa, — BCHEoft npocrott h ecre- 
CTBeHHott npeiecTB, HaE0Bei^», nopu nouoS spiiocTH, 62E3eoA ei> 
yBflAaBiD b ynaAEy^ — moioaob b HaBBsofi cBiseexB. Hbso mu yBB^ 

AHJTB) "^0 npB^QETBU TdEOFO CTpaHHarO BpeAnO^iemH SOpeHBJIHCB B'B 

ocHOBHux'B CBoficTBax'B 6oAiBpoBCEaro TMa H cepAi](a, Vb rbxx buco- 
SHxx sanpocax'B, EaEie npoA'BflBJuiJiH obb ei sh3bh b leioBtEy. K'b 
cosaJitHiE), cam no8TB ne BcerAa oxAasajTB ce6i flCHufi ot^otb bi» 
CBOHX'B cHMnaTiiix'B B aflTHnaTiflX'B, H noTOMy ohb nepexoABiH y Hero 
Hep^AEO vh npocTue EaapHsu BEyca h nyscTBa, roBopBBBiie o6'b hx'B 
, HeHopMaiBHOCTB H B3Bpan^eHH0CTB. TaEB BSBicTHo ero seJiaHie 



160 PyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

^to6h KpaoHBiifl seHn^HHH no;^epKHBaj[H cbod Kpacory en^e HCRyc^ 
HHifL 7noTpe6ieHiein» ny^pu, pyiiaHi h ;q;>yna:i> npHHa^^exHOcieft 

EOCMeXEKH... 

Mil AotipocoBto^HO nepeqHQiHJH BtA rjiaBHue HexocTarEH 6oAiBpoB- 
CKoS noasiH, BnoiHi jCimj^eEEue Vb tomi, hto ohh ea He HoiepnH- 

BaiOTB H He XapaKTepHSyDTBy HBJUUICB .HHCTO BHlrnHHlIH ypOAIHBBIMH 

^epTaHH, 3a eotophmh CRpuBaeroa rj[y6oKoe BnyrpeHHee coAep- 
asEHie. J(yzoBHo y6orie AeKaAOHTU bshjih h pasBEn no cBoeuy 9te 
^epTH, coBepmeRHO nporAHAiB'B h ocraBBBi Brynb to, tto cocraB 

ISIO Ayniy H GMUCJTB 8T0fi fiOAHOfi, HO COpBOSHOt H BUCOKO CHMHa- 

TiniHoft no83iH. Kt> aHainay ea dytuu hu TenepB h npecTynHVL. 

m. 

To^HO TaKse, zasn, BafipoH'B 6urb cosjo^ameirb peBOJOD^iOHHoS 
anoxH H ea Mory^aro, npoiecryioii^aro Ayxa, BoAiBpi h ero 
neccHHHCTH^ecRafl noBsia 6£ijin nopo2RA6HieH'B Apyroft buoxh, Kor;i;a 
HHH^^eia H noAaBieHHHocTb oahhxi», Hcnop^eaHocTB h pasBpan^eHHOOTb 
ApyrHrb KjaccoBi AocTHraDTB CBoero anorea, a iiesAT Tkirb, Haji> 
8T0D fiesAHOD <8j[a», Barb KOTopoS Hecyrea oAypaDn^e sanaxa ero 
yxacHuxii «ii;b%tobb», He CBiiHrB yse iiaaKiB Ha;^ea^Ei. HeyAaBmaaca 
peB02K)^ia 48 ro^a h HocJri^AOBaBmift aa hbd rocyAapcTBenHBifi nepe- 
BopoTB 2 AOKafipa noracaiH btotb CBiro^'B u boabopbu HaA'B $paH- 
^i'e& H Hs^'B Bceft EBponoi yAyauiBuft HpaRi tockh i OTqaania. Mu 
He AyvaeMB, KOHeno, cpaBHHBaTb BoiHqHHii TaiaHTOB'B THxaHa noasiE 
BafipoHa H BoAxapa, TaxaHTa HecpaBHeHHO Henie Kpyn&aro a savlT- 
naro, ho xoteitl tojilko CKasaxB, ^to Kasi totb, xasi h ;Q>yroft, oah- 
HaKOBo Cum BnpasHxejiaKH Ay^t^ CBoero BpeMeEH, oahh'b -* naqaxa 
HHH'bmHaro cxojrbxia, jipjTolt — eepeAHHU ■, noisaiyft, ffiaid B0Hii;a ero... 
BaSpoHi rj[[y6oKO pasoqapoBaai h vb nponuoiTB h b^ H8GToaH^ein> 
cocToaHiH ^ejEOBiqecxBa, xoMy h kpjtouj paBHO rpenaxi ero npo- 
Ejuxia. Ho npa. Bceft «CBHptnoft HeHaBHCTH> ero (Bupasenie Fexe o 
BafipoHt) EB coBpeMeHHOMy ^exoBlsy h ]s,^bm% pyE'B ero^ na ah^ 
'ero AyniH ocxaexca jiyTL sipn, HeyanpaDn^eS BipH bx> qejioBi^Ka 
Boo6n^e, naAesAti na jry^mee byAyn^ee... Bi 6ojAe MOJiEoe a apaq- 
Hoe Bpeaa SHjrL BoAiapi, h ero neccHMHSirb, noiyqeaHuS bi> aa- 
cji'Iactbo otb BaflpoHa, ycn'&rB CAiiaTb SHaqaxejiBHuS marB BHe- 
poAB: 0HT» yxpaxHJi'B Btpy bb caaoro qejroB*Ea, bb ero Aymy, b* ero 
6yAy^^ee... 

OxciDAa Ti 6e3oxpaAH£ia RapxHau, Roxopiia BoA^iap'B a^btb aaiTB 
wb cBOHXi cU^Bixax'B 3i[a>. Pncya axo ysacaoe 3xo, pasaparB a ho- 
poRH 6yp»ya3iH, rpasB h aan^exy pa6o9HXB BJ^accoBi, owb ae Ha* 
xoAHXTi y cBoeft anpH hh oahofo yxtniHxejBHaro BByaa, he oahofo 
cBixjiaro xoHa. Bb fioJiBmaxB ropoAaxB sjio a cxpaAame sebhh na- 
H6ojLie Bcero ROHnieHxpapyioxca, h botb BoAJiapi* aaiaexca no npe- 
HMyn^ecxBy n%Bn,oirB 6ojQ>mExi ropoAOBB, Ilapaaca vb ocoOeHHoera. 



BOAJIdPb, £rO SH3HB H n083Ifl. 161 

Bi «Le cr6puscale du soir> h cl^ cr6pu8cule da matin» ohi AaoTB 
HedojDbmoe, ho ctojib spKoe h chjebhob Hsofipaseme napHxa, paB- 
Haro ROTopoMy ^pani^yscEaa JoiTepaTypa ne ssaerL: $paHcya Ronae, 
GTasaBmifi ce6t nepayi) cjraBy Ha lasHXi se HsodpaaceHmxi Ila- 
pHsa, H dMHJiB Sojifl, seJiHKifi HacTepi) aroro po^a onscamft^ o6a 
TOjLbKO pasBHJiH H pacniHpHjiH coAepsaflie MajieHBKHX'L cTEXOTBopemft 
BoAJidpa. UpHBeAeM'B 1^(10x0111 o^ho bbi hhxi>. 

B'b KasapMaxi, sa p^soK, npo6HJH naci sapn, 
H cBiaifl yTpeHBHKi ya-B racHTi tfonapH. 
Tojcaa siotbopbiix'b chobi npHHHBia si hsfojobbh) 
EHiiyHHxi jDHomefi... Kas's riasi HaiHTHft bpobbh), 
^ Ob'^t'b mmsu 3aMBraii bi iipe;!i;yTpeHHEX'b lynaxi. 

H B'b 9T0T% CMyTHIlft HdCl, BO^OdHO ed, B'b I^HflXl 

TdecHOd HeMoni(H ji^yina 6e3CHjrBH0 6BeTCfl, 
Jlj)oaHn&, KaKi oroHeKi, h na CBo6o;^y pBeica! 
BecB BOSj^'B— saE'B JiEHo, saiHToe B'B ciesaxi: 
IIpe^pieTH SHfijDOTCfl B'B npHHyj^iHBiix'B ^epTaxi... 
7se nocJCEiinaiHCB £ofl-r;i('i^ jnoj[,cjsis pi^H 

C% OXpHnUMl 0T3ByS0Ml, H SaAEQfHJIHCB Be^H. 

IlHcaTejiB aa^iipeMaj-B, Be BHnycTBB'B nepa. 
H na^iTiiHM'B zeBBqiBaMi ycsyTB npHULia nopa 

TyBHM'B, TJISeJIUlIl CBOM'B 6631 pa^ocTH n MyKH, 
nHHBOH'B) paCKHHyBmU 6e3mB3BeBHUfl pyKH... 

ToiB H3HypeHHafl, cb oipenBevB Ba nie^axi, 
BsxyBaeTi yroiBKB Ba saiEBX'B HepAasaxi; 
Cpe^B xojo^a h iatjoi, B'b jrameBBflX'B mnofifi xojui, 
Hec^acTBHXB poaeBBi^'B TesepB ysLacBtd 6ojra! 
KaK'B sarjiymeBHHd nia^'B cbbo3b xjTHHyBniyK) BpoBB, 
KpBB'B cflnjHd nixyxa, saiioJiBByBi, cjinneBi bhobb. 

C'&AOfi 110186X1 TyuaB'By KaK'B MOpe BOJHXaACB... 

H B'B ijydHBi 6ojasBH'b, xprnm h daj^nxajiCB, 
He MajTO TopeMHB'B otxo;i;ht;b b% 3totb ^acB!.. 
MejKi ThvL'b Toina ryias'B, xpyAaMB yxoMflCB, 
TopoBHXCA xoMody Bora c^b Horod b'b pasia^'b. 
B'B seieHO-posoBOM'B, xpenemyn^eM'B Bapax^ 
CxyxesaA sapA naji^i CeBOS) sycxofi 
HecB^mHO j^BHsexca orBBcxoft nojocofi, 
H cyMpaHHHfi napBS'B, cxapBS'B xp7X0J[K)6HBiid, 
Ilpoxepi yae rjiasa pysod BexepniiHBoft. 

6% Maccb APyi'HX'B cxEXOTBopenifi, nocBfln^oHHBix'B napH»y, Boa- 
jiap'B caMx pa3BBBaexi» ota'^bhuo yrjiu axoft niHpoKoS KapxHHU. 
OAHaKo oHi He ocxaexca tojibko xojioahbihi* h fiescxpacxmarB hbo- 
6pa3Hxej[eHi HBH^exH, nopoxa h pasBpaxa coBpeneHHaro o6ntecTBa. 
Co^yBcxBie ero BcerAa Ba cxopoHt nec^acxHux'B, yHnaceHHuxx h ofies- 
;^02eHHUx'B — 8X0 cjiBniKOM'B flCHo HyBCTByeTCfl no xoft u>6bk E HijR- 

HOCXH, CB KOXOpiIMH OHl pHCyOTB HX1>. 

BojTBBHiia B3;i;oxaMH HaBOJiBHiaci... E^a-iH 
TSz'b axBxi 6'hji,BaK0B'b, poaxeBHKxrB msl ne^aiH, 
Hafl^^ex'B jTR'b Kxo-HH6y;i;B Be^epBero nopoi3 
OnaxL AyniBCTHfi cyn-B B'B Kpyry ceHBH poJ^Boft; 

M 4. Ovxin 1. H 



162 PyCGKOE BOrATGTBO. 

£nie se 6ojiBme t^x^b, bto vh shbhh HemxEHoft 
H He SHasaii bo Bisi Tenia ceMBH poxmofll 

IIapH»cKie pa6o^ie, oCvTwrexa OTAaJieHHUXi npeAirbcrift nois- 
zjJOTcsL oco6eHHUMn cHMDaTiflMH Bo;^8pa: ^061 y6tAHTbCfl f& btoitb, 
^^ocraToqHO npo^eoTB ero <Le ^in des chiffoniers », ta^ onHCHBaeron 

nHpyniRa TpflUH^HHROB'B. 

HeHacTBO. <&0Hapeft xpoaan^Hn cjauneH's cTysi. 
HyTB jn»eTCfl spacHHd cvbi'b Ha j[a6HpHH'n la^yn 
npeffMicTBa ciaparo, rx^ 6jphu]ih xpoflUBami 
'RwaaTb pa6o^fl nojs,^, h rpasB ctoktb xopflXH. 
B'b xynrb TpanH^HHRa, vesi liirs, xenio h cb^ti! 
Ra^aflCB, CTyisaflCB ct^hh, sasi nodTi, 

3^6lIB'B H nOMIinUATb CIimHKaXB KOBapBHZly 

Ohb BecB HSiHTBCfl pa^B BB HpoesTazB jyqesapHHXB: 
3aK0Hii HSxaeTB wl BcteB njceKCHB senHiizB, 
B'^H^aeTB laBpoHB sepTBB, HHcopoBepraeTB sjoixb 
H noAB maxpoMB He6ecB, noBHcniHXB fiaixazHHoiiB, 

OTBaS&HIOCB MHHTB Ce6A H HOD^HHMB naiajpiHOXB! 

CxapHKB, xo BpeiieHH coiHyTHd h cixod, 
HstfOioxHfl xpyxoMB, 3a6oxod h Hyx^oft, 
YcxaBinlt noxdHpaxB BOHD^iii xpanHi^i, 
Oxpna&sy rpABHys) nposopjHBoft ctojhicii, 
TasB OHB HxexB xoMofi, BB CBod yrojB 6^XHflBa. 
IIponHxaHB sanaxoHB npiiiTHHMB norpe6Ba, 
Gb xoinod xoBapflii^efi,—H hxb yen c^xae 
Bhcaxb, saKB npexB nojnLOM'B SHaneHa 6oeBiui! 
IIpeXB HHMH COJEHI^a 6j[eCKB, H (|KiarH, H i^dbxH... 
H BB myMHOft opriH (0, CBd^xjiiA neiTiil) 

no6iXHUXB SIHKOBB, Xpy6B HeCyXB OHH CB060Ay 

H BocspeceHBA b^^ctb ycxaioKy napoxy! 
TaBB 6oxpoe bhho, oxpaxa bc^xb auiBHXBy 
IlaBxoioMB 30J0XH1IB xe^exB no SHjaitB hxb, 
HaxB MipoMB i^apcxByfl jao6ohhJO h xapaMH 
BtpnM, H^B KOpOJtH SeJt^OMB H 6HqaMH... 
HaxB CKop6Hod seiueft HexojnHHft ciuma cxohb, 



A xExpiift ReiOB^B npH6aBHJB cohb HHxapHiiff, 
^HXA juD6HMoe xeHHHi^H jty^esapHoff.. 



3io npocTHxyi^iH, aiofi ysacBrbSmefi h3i> fl3Bi» coBpeifeHHaro o6ii^e- 
cTBa, xaKse HaxoAHXi» bb Boajibp*]^ cBoero xyAOXHHsa,— h c^ xa- 

KBKb HiSHUMB GO^yBCTBieiTb, CI EaKOft TJLj60K0A CKOp^BK) pHCyOTB 

oBTb HaMB HaHBHoe A^tTH HpHpoAu, SHTejiBHHi^ tfaiaSapcKHXi* ocrpo- 
BOBik, co6Hpa]DniyDCfl ixaiB B'B BeceiuS IlapESB a^h xoro^ ttoObi 
CTBTb TaMi» OAHOD HBii sepTBi» HameS pasBpan^eHHoft KyjiBTypa: 



niacTH^HocxlK) <i»opMB H rpaiuex) cir&iod 
BHyinHia-6ii sanncxB xn h caMoft ropxoft 6&[oft! 
OxB 6apxaxHiixB o^efi, ropiiniHXB, RaiLB ajuiasB, 
daAyM^HBHft apxHcxB He oxopnaiB 611 nasB. 
I^B'JbxBy jasypHuxB cxpaH'b, xe6i oaho SHaKOno— 
PacKypHBaxB Tf6yKB x^s. rocnoxHHa AOMa, 
Hai maiama fipoAflrB-HOcsExoB's nporoHATB, 



B0;p[8FB, ErO S03HB H II083IH. 163 

SyBimraH svj^mom boxod HanojraxTB 
H no yxpy, e^Ba sameiecTATo^ luaTaHH, 
Ha piiHK^i noBynaxB <}»HCTa]iiBH h 6aHaHH. 
Bocas, TH H^teniB— Kyj^a soBeTi MCTra, 
H jAjshem JsjkxEA xchb, sasib sTHHsa, saHflTa. 
Sor^a se bi MaHTiH OarpAHoft Be^epi cxoxhti, 
I^HHOBBy Bi yroisy nocTejemB,— h jBOjpm . 
HespHMSid xyxtB Te6A b^b idpi rpaKiosHHrs chob^b, 

R0Jra6pH SOJOTHX'S H piSBIIX'B MOTHILKOB'b... 

— C^acTiHBoe XHxal SaT^M's se Epad npespacsuid 
IIOKHHyTB XO^eHIB TH JfiH ^paHiuH Hec^acTHoft 
H, CB TaMapHHxajiH pojchhmh pacnpocTACB, 
nycTHTBCiL BB oKoaHB, BOiHeHBii He CTpamacB? 
noxB xpynKoft sHceed, oxxpuTa CHteHofi bbufI, 
SasB 6yxeiiiB niaBaTB tu o ly^esapHOHB nri, 
Korxa, OA'^BBiH rpy;)^ bb tfessaiocTHsfi KopcexB, 
Th 6yxeniB nox0HpaTB CBofi ysHHB h o6^xb 
Ha HainHXB uoctobuxb,— h Tn^eTHo BsopoxB saxHnMB 
HcsaTB poxHMHZB naiBMB BB TyvaH^ HenporiflABOXB!.. 

Bt> pflAT Taraxi se TeruMXT> cTHxoxBopeHlft, nocBameHHHX'B hi- 
B^erb H cTpaAaeii), HadOBemb en^e «MaieHBKtfl CTap7]nKB> 
cCMepTB GiAHUxii), «Ayina BHHa», «PiiBeft HHn^efi>, «npoAasHafl 
kysa* H flp. Kor^a Bowep't nepexoAHTB k-b BaprHHaiTB pooKoma i * 
nopoKa, OH-B 6uBaerB cKyirB Ha rHiBHiia jUaipHCH h Biipasenia cbo- 

HXl* JIH^HilX'B ^JBCTBl* H OTHOOieHlS R'B HHITB, HO OTHOIVeHiH BTH 

BcerAa hchu a^h ^HTaTejifl (<nrpa»^ cQjiflCKa CHepTH», <XirhxB 
y6iftuu», tOcKop6ieHHafl lyna* h flip.). Hspii^Ba, BiipoHeiTB, owh 
HanrhraerB BTony BHimHeiiy cnoBottcTsiH) h CescrpacTlK) h paapa- 
saercfl Mpa^HUMS npoRiHTiflMH bc^itb <2HRyi)ii^HirB, npas^^ao 6ojTaD- 
mHiTB, o6arpflH)in;HirB pyKH bt» kpobh> h ce6i, SEBjmeicy bi hxi 
«cTaHl», npesAo Bcero. TasoBu «HcnHTaHie noiHoqH» h «?to Baicx 
He6o CB rpflAymHMH MyKaMH?» — cxHXOTBopeHie, OKaHTOBaio^eecH opn- 
rHHaibHoft yrposoS: <Ha ^Ht HaciasAenBH Hait;(eTe bu HecTBl..^ 

Ho H Bce ^ejioBt^ecTBO, 6©3t» paaiH^c luaccoBi h nojosemft, 
npeACTaBiflexca eny bi kohhJ K0H^0B^ OflnnaKOBO orpaj^aDn^HMi h 
HecqacTHHMi, — bto fiesyMHoe, EpHBiaiomeeca ^eioBi^ecTBO, xaKi 
CTpacTHo Hii^ymee nacjiasAeflift h paAOcreft. BuoHHieirB i^iiHKoirB 
aueropiD cMacRa, cTarya bo BRyoi Bo3posAeHifl». 

^ Brifl^i;EUCA bb 8totb nepjB vesB rpaiufl j^iopeHXHHcsHXB: 
* HafliKecTBO h uoihb, xb^ i^apcTBeHHHXB cecxpH, 

Bb H3rH6axB dtexB ^opHB yBpiuHCB hchojhhcrhxb, 

Bce BB 9T0t seHBUffli speRpacHO, Bcb a&Ph 

IIpHpoAHot npeiecTH bb neft cjehtu booahho. 

Ha lOsaxB pocRonra ea yxtiB OJEHCTaxB, 

J[K)6oBa£iMB HeRxapoMB ;(ocyrH qapoBaxB 

nepBOCBJUi^eaHHRa ha Mipa Biacxeinaa! 

A dXH xoHRia CB yjai6R0X) ycxa, 

r^ ciaxocxpacxie J^o ^epsocxn j^oxowtb, 

MesB xiMB RaRB XHxpHfi B3opB CB HacifbouHBOcxBK) 6poAaxB 

11 BiacxHO roBopHXB HaMB Rasji^aa ^epxa: 

11* 



164 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

„Eo MHi BSHsaeT's CTpacTB! Mena jik)6obb B^H^aenn^!^ 

Cl SaSHMl B&KH^eii'B H I^apCBHM'b TOpxeCTBOMl 

Becejoifi, p^Bufi bh^^'b osa coejsjmsieTbl 

npH6j[H3HMCii se Kinefi, bck) o6ofiA'^wb jcpyroM-s... 

— -0, HeoxH^^asHOCTB! 0, ji^HKid <i^apc!b HCJKyccxBa! 

y STOfi seHBiHHH, ^H 4»opMH 6osecTBa 

CyjEHTi c^acTJHBuy pad, Bci o6oj[BiKaa ^yBCXBa, 

JIJByjrHEafl CEjifivb Aa me'l rojiOBa... 

Ho H^T's! TO Macsa ihhib, nycxoe yspameHBe— 

npejtecTHoe jhko cb yjoifSBofi na ry6ax'B: 

BoTbj BOTi onoy—junsfi 6e^'b jukh h yxHnipeBBa, 

Cbohmh Bop^aHH BHymaK)iiiee cxpax^! 

MorynaA pisa tbohz^b h'I^mhx'b pHAanid, 

sionoiy^naA Bejrasaji Kpaca, 

TyuaHOMi h moh noj^epnyja rjasa... 

^eifb se nia^eniB xu, He o^oid^B^ cxpaj^aHid? 

Rpaca He6ecHaii, y ^hx'b 6hL Hon jeoa 

3eMJ[^ noEopHaH, o ^ewb xboh nenajai? 

xoM's 6e3yMHaA xocEyexi, ^xo JKHia! 

H "iTO SHBext xecepb!.. Ho^ ^xo ocxpie cxaiH 

£d npoHHsaex'b b% rpy^B, ?to cb roitOBii ao hofb 

Bpocaexi bi ;kposb ee,— yBH! ?xo xasib se na^o 

Eii^e H saBxpa 3chxl cpe^ seHHoro a;i;a, 

H saBxpa, saK'B B?epa... H He HasHa^eHi epos's! 

9to cTHxoTBopeHie, Mea^ npo^oaiTB, o;(ho nsib HaH6ojrbe xapas- 
xepHux'B flfia Boero Bo^Jiapa: ovb he b-b ^citb h HHrAt He ynierB 

BH^TB CBiia 6631 TBHU^ EpaCOTBI 66311 CTOHH^aTO pH^lOM'B 01 Heft 

6e9o6padiH, paAocrn 663i» t^hh cTpaAama; ohi> mhcjihti n HyBCTByerB 

KOHTpaCiaMH, Bl EOITB SHB6T*B Bt^Hafl ^^BOfiCTBeHHOCTB. 

3;^cB MU npH6j[H3m[ncB ki TOft cxopoHi OoAjapoBCRaro neccH- 
MHSHa H e:b Tony (fTjiibsj ero nponsBeAeHift, KoxopuMi owb ci na- 
H6oj[Bineft oxoToft nocBHH^aexi CBoft xajtaHTB h wb ROTopux'B stotb 
nooiiAHift BupasHJicfl Bcero ap^e. Mh msibewb vb Bz^jf pasBHHieH- 
HOGTB coBpeMeHHaro ^eJioB^Ra, ero pasABoeHHOCTB, HSJiOMaHHOCTB, 

HepB03H0GTB, T^ 60Jli3H6HHlIH H HOpoft HpflMO nCEXOnaTH^eCEUI Fjy- 

6hhii ero Ayxa, KOTopun rpanHqaxi ci o6j[acTBD ncHziaTpiH h cy- 
]ifi6aoi MeAHHjHHU. Bo rjiaBi^ 9Xoro ps^a cxHXoxBopeHift, KaKi> kjdoto, 
OTMUKaDH^ift htb CHuoirB, Gii;^6Ti> nocxaBHTB y;qraHxejDa»Hoe no Rpa- 
coT:b ^opMH H TOHKOCTH HHCBua CTHXOTBopeHio vb iipost «Les bien- 
aits de la LuQe». Boji^d^b 6ujrb xaKHirB Macx6poMii|npo3ii, qxo hoa^ 
ero pysoS ona si^qHTB naoxo Jiy^me cxhxob'b, h nanrb nepoBOXwrb 
Haji[6eTCfl xoibso oxExaim nepe^axB na pyccRoiTB ebwA sxy ynoHren- 
xeiBHyD H BMicxi cxpamHys) MysuEy. 

Aapu JiyHu. 
EAnpHsnaa lyna bi xoxi xHxift ^acE, 
Ror^a B'E CBoeft xh soJ[H6eibBt cnaja, 
B% TBoe osHO BsrjTHHyja h csasajia: 
„MHi 3xa x^Bo^sa no mucjh"... K, cnycxflCb 
no o6j[a^KaM'B> AP^MaBinHMi 6e3HaxesHO, 
IIpoHHBJia BHyxpB 6e3-B niyi[a.^Kpoxso, h^sho, 



BOjPdPB, Ero SKHoHL H n083IA. 165 

Bas'b 67ATO naTB, npacTepiacB Haji^i TO((ot 
H HE ledd^ CBOH crycTHia xpacsH: 
noseiefflB'b, pacspiuDscB cxpaHHO riassH, 
noEpiuHCB ni(e£H CHepxHod 6dto3Hofl... 

H OTTOrO-TO, ^TO Bl HOpiIB^ laCEH 

Ho^Hafl roCTBiL ciaxso TaKi Bsnia 
Te6fl sa ropio, naBcerxa ocTaiocB 
JKeiaHBe uasaTB 7 Te6a!.. A mja, 
Mesi xiMi^ BOEpyrB nyj^ecHo osapaiacB: 
no cnaiBH'Jb CBdbxB CTpyHJicfl roj[76ofi, 
Kasod-TO AX% jryHHCTHd h SHsot,— 

H HHCJDrJTB 0H% H TOBOpHJH, KasaiOCB: 
~„0T9BDBri& TH— moa!.. Moft HoiiiAyd xpaHHTB 
^ojSHa TH Bi^HHO. Byj^eniB tu npespacHa. 
Ho TaK'B, K€un a xo^y. Th 6yAemB to xoCwrh, 

Hto mh^ noKopHO H no^BiacTBo: 
„Ho^, o6jaKa... 6e3JEK)j^Be, THmHHy... 
BiecRtB HsyMpyxHHd box'B; cb spajiMH He6a cjnrrtix'B, 
MHoroo6pa8HyH), 6e8B0XHyK) BOJiny 

Bit nycTHHJix'B, iiipoifB noda6iiTiix'b; 
^Micxa, rx'i& h^^tb xe6ii; Mys^HHB, kotophxb th 
JTuniB CMyxHO dy^eniB SHaTB, RasB rpesy chobhx*hbh; 
He sxtmHHX'B BJHHaTOB'B orponHHe l^TIZ, 

HxB sanaxi, noiHuft pasj^paseHBH; 
„Bo Mpas'b cnflBufi Aoitb, pji^B BOMHaTi bi TJiy6mb 
H somesB, jasfliipLX'B no siaBHinaMB pouefi^ 
no;(o6HO seHBiHHadB cTOHaji bb THnmHi 

IIojiCB SBysB HeB'&;toiiiixi^ ne^aieff>... 
— ^H 6paxBeB'B xh HafixeinB b'b co6paxBiixB no cyxB6i, 
JL106EM& 6y;g(emB xh mohmh jchbib xpysBJUiH: 
Th noBopHiHB vysiHHi cb seieHHMH rxasaxH, 

RoxopHifB ropjio a cji^aBKia, isaK'B xe6'b. 
„TixB, ;^JIa Koro bi hoto lene^exii h ^racxaexB 
npH6pesHafl BOJDEia h xaiBHAii SB^^^a, 
Bxo ik>6hx% seHfl^HHy^ soxopoft HHsorxa 

^0 j^epH rpo6a ho nosHaerBt 
„BoMy xas'B so-cep;iqiy Hrpa ho^hhx'b xiHeft, 
RiysAaHBe ofohbrobb bo iura:i(6Hiiia]i'B yHHJBMB, 

I^B^XH, S0A06HHe HeBi^^OMHirB saj^JiaHB, 

H BB^pH XBsie, 8M6j[eMa hx'b cxpacxeftl*^ 
— H Boxi^ saniiTB, XHxa, norH6mee ahxji, 
MoA roiy6sa xoporaa, 

a 3xicB, y HOTB XBOHXB jioay xenepB, rpycxa, 
JhnjA Bi riaaaxi xbohx'b, bo Bcefi xe^'b, po^aa, 
Cxi^XOBi, ocxas^eHHHX'B ysacHmrB 6oaecTBoiiB, 
KoixyHBeft-MaxBOK), bo TBU'b HOHefl ^esmynHHX'B 
OrpaBieHHHM'B KopMfliiiefi moiosomb 
BcixB, Bci^xB xynaxHsoBB fiesyiiHHX'B!.. 

C^HTaeiTB XBmKtQFb ROMMeHTHpOBaTB 8TH CTEXH. Mh HaXO/POfCfl 

.bA^b B'B ofijtacTH TOHRirxi, e;^a yjioBHMtix'B, 6ojil3HeHHHX'B Hacrpoe- 
mk H ^bctbi, cyniecTBOBaHie KOTopBix'B h cxpaniHTD BJotacxB ishp^ 
;^inoiD JTOAeft cKOHnia BiBa» sejuBBfl OTpni^aTB, ho opieHT&poBaTBcn 
Vb KOTopBixx MoryrB tojsbko hobtb hjih Bpa^i. BoBBHeiTB en^e xPFoe 
CTHxoTBopeHie, r;^ Boaib^b Haxo^HTB bosmoshhitb oxHec^rHCB (tb spot- 



I; 166 pyccKOE BorAXCTBO. 



oosajAsieirii h npon^emeiTB ;^ase ki laEoro po^a crpajf^aHiflirB, 

KOTOpHfl JlfilXBU 6u BT> CJII^OCTH SaXOAHTB Ce66 MiCTO Vh fjM9XT» 

Aifl yMaimneHEHxi, no cyn^ecTByion^irL so noHflruiirB soByxca npo- 
CTO npecryiueHmMH h no;y[exaTb cy^y npHCflXHHXB. nepe^r^ HaifH 
Mpa^Haa KapTHHa ydpannofi cb HSucKanHofl pocKomuD h saneproS Ha 
KiD^TB KOMHaxu, Tfi,^ Ha HOCTejEH JiosHTB o6HaseHfliift TpyiTB ope- 
KpacHOft HOJioAott sennpsH, ci HefipesHoio cBo6oAOft «pacKpHBmift 
BecB coKpoBeHHHft fiiBCKi, Bci HapH KpacoTKE, Buy AapoBaHHoft npn- 
poAofi>. CrpaniHaH mucjib MeJoo^Kaerb wb yiii noara o toitb, kto fiiui 
yfiiftipi Hec^acTHoft KpacasHqEi h mto npHBejio ero Kb vsouj upa^ 
Hoxy aiOAificTBy: 

BeaiDx^e, THnmna, em,e smbsle kpobb, 

Haroro liia noJOseHBe, 
Bee, Bce naBoxHTi mhcib na MpaHHjK) ix>6oBb, 

Ha nHpok 6e8yHHufi npecTynieHLA, 
BocToprn a;^csie, Jio63aHifl mxsjch iix%... 

H HHHTCA— c% poem MHcieft ^epHsncb 
Bci aoie aHreui HeBHAHMO naparE 

Mesi csiaAOH'b saHasicb ysopHiixi! 
Ona emfi QBiTOsi, pasBHBiniftca cb sapeft... 

B% ^axy HenpHSHaHHHzi HyneBift, 
PasBeps^iH xymy om j^ul cTaH posoBoft 

IIopo^raHxi ^yBCTBi H Boas^eiiHifl?! 
2KecTosift ^ejoB^si, net HenacHiEHd muTB 

He yroiHjut th, SHBaa, 
TaKi BiaMeHHo iK)6fl,— o, ctoctjhbi ik owb 6urb^ 

TboA Tpyn'b 7To;i;iHBiid JEacsaa? 
OtbItb, HO'DicTufi xpyni^i H, sa koch ce6a 

noxHABi Tpenentyn^eft pysoK), 
CiuuBH, ysacHHfl uuci: OH'b npHsieHii, sx>6&, 

El TBOHMl 3y6aMi SpOCTH H^MOe? 

B^aiH oTi dopEHX'b rjcasi^ hphahp^hbhxi BiacTefi, 

Ot% sieBexH h nopyraH&a, 
Bi Korsirlb saiLuoRacB TaHHcxBeHHoft cBoed, 

CnH B% MHpb, CTpaHHoe cosAanbel 
CnH B% HHp'b!.. Tsofi cynpyrb orb cstTa y6^bSHT%, 

Ho HO ors C£op6£: o6pa3% mejoiA 

Cl HHITB fiyj^eTl H BO CH^! KaK*b TU, OHl coxpaBHTi 
JIjoOoBB H BdbpHOCTB ^0 MOrHJEHl (^y^CHHI^a^). 

RoHe'iHo, TOJiBKO cjiinsa spasAa zi> nodxy Morjia 6u yrBepxAaTB, 
qro vb BTowb ysacHom cTHxoTBopeniH HsoGpaseHH ero co6cTBeHHHfl 
CHimaTiH H BOTBijifijAma, ho HejQ>8fi Bce se ho yAHBjmTBCfl Toxy bc- 
KyccTBy, ci EaKHiTB ovb npoHKRaeTB 3;i;i^cB b'b caMyn rJiydHny 6ojib- 
HOft H HCBajii^eHHofi AjniE npecrynnHKa. Hosoitb cMiiaro ^o jsfif* 
30CTH anajiHsa paBfiHpaerB BoAJrap'B h jsjmj Bcero coBpetfeHHaro ^e- 
lOBixa, 6oj[£HOfi opoAyKTB BTofi 6i[ecTfln(eft na bhjo^b h ropAoS syjnb- 
Typu, He AaDH^eft bx eohi]^kohi](ob'b hh cqacxBH, he ycnoEoenifl, h 
noffB HapyacHoft HHmypoD cEpuBaDn^efi oAHy rpjisB h BceBoaiiosHiie 
HeAF^. HacMiinjuiBuft Ayxi* cRenrHiiiEBMa pa3pymaeTB b'b hoitb pt- 

HIHieiBHO B(A HJBU[K)3iH. 



BOAIdPL, EFO SHSHb H n083]H. 167 

H BEXHTTB OB'S u6Ha 0Tb Boia Bxaies^, 
HsHeKOseHHarOy HSHHBinaro b'b tock^, 

B% nycTHHjix'b c&yBH h xomeHbii 
H Tam, Basi b% TajKKOM'b cni, pHcyeiib npexo XHoft 
OxexxH rpASHiu h paKB otkphthxi^ rsofl, 

H spoBB, H ysacb paspymesbfl!.. 

CpeAH aroro yasacHaro Aym^BHaro cooiOflHifl, jifixe jra)6oBB ho 
flBUOTQJi Aifl nosra aHreioMx-zpaHBreieirB, h vb TOJini HHSRHxiAe* 
HOHOBi, norbmaDiQHxefl naxi ero Mpa^nott tookod, oh'b saMi^aerB e 
ee, ci^apHBiy $eft, cBofi paft h 6oseoTBO»: 

Hm% ropecTBD Koeft, xas'B sc% ona myrHia 
H lacsH rpflSHHA BparaM'B kohmi xapiua... 

Owb odpan^aeTOfl, HasoHei^'B, ri co6cTBeHHo& Kjmiy hi^'j^clxotb 
Tan OTUcsaTB OBiTJioe HCUD^eHie, ho h TairB bhahtb see totl se 
«oa3HOi ysaca Vb nj(yrawk iiepTBoftcKyKHt. H HeqejiOBt^ecKifi boiub 
cKopfiH H OT^aflHifl cpHBaoTCfl Tor^a crb ero yon, kphkb, ROTopoMy 
Tpy^HO cucRaTB BO BceidpHofi jiHTepaTypi ^T0-HH6yAB pasHoe no CBoefi 
TparE^[fl0CTH: 

Azi, CosxaTeiB! xafi CHiy h vysecTBO waA 
CosepiiaTB Moe cepxKO h Tiiol.. 



IV. 

%o 86, OffiaRO, npHROBHBaerb BoAiapa ri bthmi fioJuisHeHHuu'B, 
ypoAUBUMi, rpflSHuiTL H npecryiiHiiirB CTopoHavB ^ejioBiqecRaro 
xyxa H aKH3HH? ^to saciaBjuieTB ero ci laROft jii)6obbk) ocTanaBJiH- 

BatbCfl Ha HEXl? RaRl HOrjTB rpHBB, 310, TBHa H nOpORl GJiySHTL 
ICTO^HHRaMH BAOXHOBOHiA? 

Hajqaa ary 6ojiBHyD xyniy h ary cRopfiHyio noasiD, HeiBSfl ho 
BHAiTB, ^TO BecB MpaiHufl ORenTHj^Mii H BOH 3Jio6Haa MHsaHiponifl 
^paHi^oRaro noara npoHCTORaDTB HiieEHO hsi ero crpacTHaro cxpeM- 

JOHifl Rl CBiTy, B3'B COKiSHeHHOft JintiBH R'B RpaCOrt H rapMOHin, H31> 
HeBOSHOaRHOCTH yBHAaiB EXX BOIUOn^eHHUMH B'B SH8HB H A'^fiCTBE- 

xejBHOCTB. HAeaiii j[d6bh, Ao6pa h Rpacoiu laRi lioryn^ecTBeEHo 
BjaA'&nrB ero AJinofi, TaRi BJiacxHO soByrB Burborb ci co6ofi B'B Ra- 
KyD TO HeBiAOMyi) crpany npaBCTBeHHaro eAEHOHiH h nopflARa, ^lo 

Bl> HeiTb pOSAaOTCH OBEplnafl HOHaBHCTB R'B MaTOpiH, npBROBHBaH)II^et 

ero R'B 3eiui, ri ea rtuiSH h y6o&ecTBy, — h to^ho nTEi^a, 3aBopo- 
xesHafl ysacHUHH rJiasaHH 3Min, oh'b ycExeHHO BrjiflAiiBaeTCfl B'B aiy 
rpasB, vb aro HeHaBHCTHoe eny sio h cb RaRHicB to ciaAOCTpacTieMT> 
OT^aaHiH Ronaercfl B'B hexi, H3Hy?BBafl ce6H h ^mTaxejui, noica, Ha- 

ROHeil'B, MOry^EMl B3MaX0Ml> RpBUa He nOAHHMeTCfl OnflTB R'B CB'i^T- 
JLUWb H J[a3ypHHirB BUCfTM'B OAyXOTBOpeHHOCTH... HtfeHHO 8T0-T0 HO 

3Has)H](ee ycTaiocTH CTpeiLieHie R'B HA^aiy, ROToparo oh'b cawb xo- 
poineHBRO He anaoTB, R'B rapMoniH h RpacoTi Bcero cyni;aro, 6utb 
HoacoTb, E ecTB npHUHa xoro, ^o BoAJiapy oco66hho pisRo 6pocaH)TCH 



168 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Bi rjiasa Bci CojrbsHeHHHfl h ypoAJiHBUfl SBJieHifl sbshh, no npeniiy- 
n^eoTBy Aa<H>ii^fl cioseTU ero crflxoTBopemft. Bo bcoh'b h Bezjiib ohi» 
joBfiTb oKueoH^ OATxoTBopeHHott, He 3HaE)iii;efi cmbpth KpacoTu, koto- 
paa Morjia 6h ciyasHTB bmj nyieBOAftuirB ^aReioirb Ha^i ospysaD- 
n^HMH 6e3;piai[H MpaKa h ysaca, h, noHflTHO, He HaxoAHTi* ea Wh 
HBJ[eHiHxi> MepTBofl npHpoAH, Bi HBMfoHHBUxi H npexa^um^HTB 0op- 
nan 6e3AyiiiH0fl iiaTepiH. OrcD^ca ere HHCTHHXTHBHHfi ysacB nepoAi* 
8T0fi HociiAHefi, ero HenaBHCTB vh neft, ere acejcaHie, Tro6u ko bgh- 
EoS ecrecTBeHHOft Epacoii Bcer^a Gbuh npHHimaHs HiRoxopHe asceo- 
cyapu HCKyccTBa, cjrlAiu— xota 6u HCRyccTBeHHoft e noAjO^iBHoft o^y- 

XOTBOpeHHOCTH... CpeW fieSOJIOAHUX'L H MyHHXeJIBHUX'B nOHGKOBl> CB^- 

To^a, ofli roTOFb 6uBaerb yxBaTnrbCH h 3a nycroft unpasi, sa Rpa- 
cHByx) HacRy, jihhib 6u j^aTB xotb npHspaRi yxtmeHifl cBoeMy TOCRyD- 
meny cepwy... «0, hto sa a^^o mh*, BAeMa-jB ^raciofi nepH»,— boc- 
RiHKaen ohx vh aRcxasi OTHaflHia: 

CHpeHil-JLb TeMHOd B90pb KOfl pasyill OCBiXHl'b, 

Mh± wb BesRone^HOMy Hesi^jcoiiUA ABepH, 

^aBHO seiaHHUfl, oxRpmob? 
^xo MH'fe— oxi^ Bora xh, hib H-fcrb, Rorxa xh— Ji;HBa 
Co Bdufl^omb 6apxaxHiDrb, bca 6jiecRi h apoHaxi, 

C'B RiM'b 3Xa HOHB RpjrOM'b llZ^Vb Be xaB'B nyuHBO, 

MrH0B6HBfl neHie xomax'b!.. 

rxy60Rift cRenxHRi h MHsaHxpon'B^ Boj^spB ho flBjaexca h'^bi^oiii 
6e8ycj[OBHaro onaHHifl. Ha jini AyoiH ohi BcerAa hoghtb RaRoft xo 
cnacHxejiCLHHft oroHB, Roxopuil ocBtn^aexi eiiy nyxB h ho noBBOJuiexi 
norpysHXBca bi ne^Hcxyx) xHHy shshh. HejiBsa cRasaxb, i^u dxo 
6wL0 RaRoe-HH6yAB onpoA'^eHHoe penriosnoe ^yBCXBO, sipa Vh 
GescMepTie ;^yniH, bx sarpofiHUH BosAaflHia; QJOfi MOHBine axo RaRoft- 
HHfiyAB o6n^ecxBeHHHft H^eai'L. Ho mh ho SHaen, o^naRo, xpyroro 
noaxa (sa HCRJiD^eHieM'L pasBi meiJiH), Vh RoxopoirB shjo 6bl xaRoe 
ace oxpacxHoe nopuBaEie vb HAearf,— Hj^eajiy, npaB^a, cMyxHOHy, He- 
flCHouy^ ne o6j[eHeHfiOMy eh* bb Ranifl peaxBHiifl ^opiiyjiEr, ho ho 
Menie oxb xoro CB*xxoMy, xyqesapHoiiy, HeyMHparomeMy. He ^apoMi 
OAHH'B HBi lyHnmx'B oxji^oBi c6opHERa osanaBievB «CniRR'B h Hj^e- 
ajrB»: xo se HadBanie npoRpacHO hoaxoahjio 6h h ro Bcin mecxH 
ox^^aiTB. 

EH(e B'B paHHeM'L A^xcxBi, Bi orpouHofl Mpauoft 6H6jiioxeRi, ko- 
xopyH) noara jDfiHjTB noctmaxL yRpa^Roft, eiiy SBy^aiH Asa xaHH- 
cxBeHHux'B rojioca,— OAHHi, caHOAOBOJBHHft, yxBep»Aa>BniiS, qxo seuifl 
ecxB ciaARit nnporB, h ofiimaBinifi eny no^apEXB xopomift annexHxi, 
Apyroft, xacROBHft, niaraHfi, qapyH)mia cjiyxi h ycxpamaiomift syniy, 
niBHiiK cpe^H se^epHEXB cyMepeRi*: cIIofiAOirB BHxaxB co xhod sa 
rpaHB BOSMoacHaro, B'B npe^'i^s' xatffB h CHOBibl» — h hobtb nomeiTB 

sa eXEM-B CJiajRHMB rOIOCOMB. OffB CXaJTB HeCiaCXHK[MB, OAHHORHMTb 

B'B jTDACRoft TOjini. Co BSopoiTB, ofipameHHHiTB R-B HoSy, cpo^H HCHaro 
AHfl, offB najaexB bx hkh h anyaraxB npoAMexoM'B ofimiix'B nacirt- 
moRB. Ho laHHCXBeHHHft rojEocB nocxoHHHO yxtaaexB ero: 



BOAABP'b, BrO %H3HL H 009312. 169 

BesyHO^'b, He siahh saBiTHuxi chob'b TBomi— 
y Hyxpei^oB'B Be Tajs'b ohh npespacHH! 

H BOTB Bi BTOTb SG Rpaft CBOHX^ aaB^THBixi rposi nodTi npe- 
rjiamaeTB cb co6ofi h jr]o6HMyD seHiii;aEy. Bee b'b tohi spai H^e- 
ajTLHo-npeKpacHo^ Bce ofiojiBn^aerb qyBCTBa, npHMBpflerB o8j[o6ieHHB[g 
yiTL, yrirtfaeTB HScrpa^aBineeca cepffle. «Bee lajTB — nopa)^oKii h Kpa- 
ooTa, pocRomB, cnoROficTBie h HaGia8AeHie». Ki Teirb aroft BoAJi8pi> 
B08Bpaiii;aeT0fl ^cto, cb oco6eHHofl aH)6oBBH): bb npos'B s cxaxaxB y 
Hero ecTB no8MU, OAHHaROBO oaaruBJieHHUfl: cIIpnrjiaineHie rb ny- 
TeinecTBiH)»y. Bb cinxoTBopemH <Maesta et errabunda>, r^i oht» to^iho 
TdRi) se BOCRJTBi^aeTB: tjl B'B BaroH'!!^ yH^ycB, yxe^y Ha ^peraxi! 
Sa^cb otb ciesB HanmxB rpasB noj^B HoraMH T6HerBl» — 3BywTB yse, 
npaBAa, Hora oxqaflHifl bb loifB, ^to yxacTCfl OTUCRaiB rAi-HH6yAB 
Ha seMjrfc TaHHCTBenHufi Rpafi jik)6bh h rapMOHiH: 

BaR'b xaieR'B OHB, yBH, 6jiaroBOHHHd axeiiB, 
Tj^ noji^b flCHoft laaypBiD Bce— paxocxB h ciacTBe, 
Bce, TTO j[k>6hbib, xocToftHO j]d6bh h y^acTBx, 
Bce, H^i xmBemB, xaHo aih AHxaHia bc^hi! 
KaRB A&iCRB OHB, ysu, 6jaroBOHHHd d^eMB! 

Uo sasAft HAeajia ne mosotb ynepoTB, h noarB cyAoposHO XBa- 
Taercfl aa Majiifimitt npoCjiecR'B naAeawi: to ovb yHOCHTca R^ ahhmb 
HeBOSBpaTHaro A^TOTBa, rb 8T0My «3eji6H0My 8A6My 6e3rpixoBHofi 
jdCbh, 6iroTHH, noi^ijiyeB'B, CBHAamfi yRpaARofi>; to ri nepBoGuT- 
HUiTB BpeMenaMB naHBHocTH h ropAofi naroTH, rb gb^tioh idhocth 
qeioBi^ecTBa «co ssopoirB tqjij6um% acHift bo^u npoTO^ofi, fioraTOH 
n'fccHflMH, 6e3ne?Hott hoaoOho i](BlTa!rB h nTHi(airB>; to ho^b cBtTjioe 
He6o jifikJLQzoi HhaIh, bi jiasypH h fijecRi ROTopofl ohi* xo^oti bh- 
aItb xotb BHimfliS o6pa8B Toro HAoaia, no ROTopoMy TOCRyetb ero 
cepffie; to, naRonei^'B, vb qapaxi noaaiH h BAOXHoseHiH Ha^itoTca ohb 

OTHCRaXB SeiaHHUfl RpUJIBH, ROTOpSfl HOAHEJIH 6u OFO JSJTb BUGORO 
HSMfB OapaaUUD^HMH SeMHUMH Mia8HaifH>, OMiljrH BB CBiTOSapHBIXB 

jy^ax'B Binnaro cojiHi^a. ncRyccTBO, BOo6nie, npoACTaBiaexcH eify 
BucmHiTB Barb Bctx'B AapoBB, RaRie He6o ^a^o ^ejnoBlRy; Bticorifl npo- 
HSBeAeHifl ero OffB HaauBaeTB «MaHRaMH» ?ej[OBi^eGTBa,flBJiflK)n]^MHCfl 
jiy^mHirB CBHA^TejBCTBOM'B Hamero AocroHHCXBa... OTCDAa BtireRaerB 
BoaBiimeHHufi bsfjuia'^ BoAiapa na noBTa, RaRi> na spei],a e npopoRa,— 
OAHa EWb cHHnaTH^H'biniHXB TeirB ero noasiH. 

Ql'&jiilt pflA'b KpjTva'b /CTHxoTBopemft npoHHRHyxB tok) se bhcorod 

OAyXOTBOpeHHOCTBD H BJiaCTBD JSJIA Ha^'B TtlOMB. Ha^B HHXB 0C06eHH0 

OTMiTHiTB A^a: «C'B ysacHOft OBpeSRoft, npeRpacHoS, RaR'B nepTBuft 

H3BaflHHUH MpaMOpi> H «OAyX0TB0peHHUS Pa3CBiTB». OaEBX'B TOJITBRO 

axHXB ufijrb OTHXOTBopeHifi 6UJI0 6u BnoiHi AocraTO^no hjlsl topo, 
^nx)6u onpoBeprnyTB Bci ofiBHHeHiH BoA^dpa bb i^HHHSiit h paaapa- 
H^eHHOCTH. I]^HHE3irB BcorAa nojiBayeTCH, ruBEBtMB o6pa3oirB, Haice* 

RaMH, TOHRHMH CJIOBeCHHMH H3B0p0TaHH H XOSAeHiflMH BORpyPB Aa 



170 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

oKOJio npeAvera. BoA^api se Bsaerb HCEyccTBa naMeROBi h bi cbo- 
BTh onHcaHiflxi paBspaTa Bcer;(a 6HBaerB npflm, jifloe rpy6'B; ho 
OH-B ocTaexcfl npn btom'b Bcerfla cepBesHHirb h rjiyfioEO-neqaJiBHSirB.^ 
PasBpaTHHKa ofl OTTOiEHerB OTB CBOHXx onHcaHit pasBpaia, bi mo- 

JIOAO& HOBEHHOd JLJUA BU30B6TX TOUKO OTBpa^eBie El HOliy H ID- 

6obe k'b TOtfy apEOHy HAeaiy, Eoiopni BcerAa BHTaoTB/ rpycTfl h 
miaHa, Haji^ ero B3o6paaKeEiaifH rpJiSH e nopoEa« 

Kor^a B% ojiwb pascB^n pyxAHud za6±jAerb 

IS. CTporift HxeaiB, rpycTs, BofixeirB sa hsmi, 

Tojcna pasBpaxHssoFb BsesaiiHO oHiiid&eTa^: 

Bi SHBOTHOHi npo6ysAeH% CTH^iEBHtt cepa^^i! 

Bi xynrb yHHseHHofi, ho Bce en^e TOMHKod ' 

Ile^aiBK) sry^eiD h sas^ofi padcKHxi chobi, 

Bxpyri BCEHicHyia lasypB cpe^B xMypnxtb odjasoB'b 

H B^ 6e3AH7 cB^TJiyi) Bie^exi Heo^oxEMol.. 

Ho Haio oAHoro crpeHJieHifl Kb btom y HeyjiOBEMOiiy s HeElAOMoif y 
H^eaiy; HejiOBt^ecsafl ^yina ho mosctb. sa btobtb ycnosoHTbcn: sasB 
HafiTH ero, vfljb saftrH? "^^vb saH'bHflTB cpe^H stex'b HeBUHocEHUXB 
cTpaAanifl csyEE, rniBa e csop6H? H botl Eami hobtb cHOBa Bna- 
AaerB bi OTHansie e eootl noxopoEHHS nicEE boeeoS shshe h he- 
Ae»A*. 

nacEaifl Mucu o^na Be^A% bo Bceirb Tepsaem... 
— Ax's! 6e8XHa see: ne^a^ sejasBe, x^o, bbje'lI 

a HJBCTBJTD nOpOd, KBLK'b XOIO^'b B'bTpa BApyTb 

no BOJCOcaE'b KOHM'b 0T% cTpaxa npo5dbraeirB. 
BesMOJBie bosx^— BBopxy, BSEsy, BOKpyrb... 
npocTpaHCTBO 668% EOHi^a Bie^cTi. E ysacaoT'b... 
Ha Thwh EO^eft moexi CosAaiejiB BsmraBaeTi 
Konofapu, noJEne KSoroo6pa3EHX'b nys'b. 
Ybh! SL cna 6ok)cB) sasi Hisofi Teiraofl eeh, 
Kyxa E TXEBTb saci h rxi He beaem's AEaioi. 

CSBOBB OREa BCi IIAXETl 6e36peaHOCTB 6UTiE^— 

11, TflsecTLD efl EOAaBxeEi pokobok), 
HepBaE:! MepiBoft a saBExyio nopoD... 
Mips ^ceii E Exeft saniMi noESHyji a! 

HyacHO jlb uoflCflflTB, ^lo bi> CTpaAafliaxi Ilaosajifl no8rBfl8o6pa- 
xaei'B CBOE coCcTBeEHUH. Ero upa^EoeoT^aflEiepasp&maeTCEBiEOH- 

I^t-SOSnOB'B TBROfi CTpEGTEOft SEE^oS Ee6UTifl, JlflS, EOTOpot AdiS^ 

MpaRi MorHjKi He npeACTaBJfaeTCE cnacHTejiBflHM'B^ teri serb h oeb 
ecTB Ee 6oj![Bme, reri tnejieHa, cRpiiBaH)niaE Mipi> orpoMEaro 6iuo- 

r0», CB ero MHpiaAaME EC^eSHyBIHHX'B, ho BCe-TERH ISHBy^HX-B FAt 

TO Bi> MipoBoft naMETE cyni;ecTBB, CRop6efl e cTpaAasift... 

H BOTB y noara pasBEBaeicE cb TeqeflioHX BpeneHE RyjiBTB orpa- 
AaEiE, EiTTO BB poAi id6e fixe Eamero JtocToeBcxaro. 
BiarocjiOBeHB JI|aH)ii;iS naHB CTpa;^aHBfl, 

Bb nyCTHH*]^ 302B HCTO^HERB BO^^B SHBHXB. 
KEKB CTaiB BB OTWhj BB lOpHEJld^ BCEHTaHBE 

HamB Kp-fenneTB ;^yxB aje paAocTeft cbethxb,— 



Bo;^dPT>, Ero se3HB s noasifl. 171 

saflBiaeTB 6oA28poBGKift noarii, necyn^ift SK>}SflWb crtrB h npHnpeme 
H Bcrpiianiitifi ctb hxi cropoHU o^Hi o6hau h HecnpaBeAJiHEBUL Ha- 

CMimKH. H Bl JlflJTOWb irfcCTb TOJina yHESOEHIIX'S U 0CR0p6ieHH£IX'B 

noBTopaen y Hero to so caxoe: 

BiaiociOB8H'b TBoft 6HTby sapaionuft Orei^'B! 
BiarociOBeHHa csop6b! Tboh pysa cnieTaia 
He xiA nycToil Hrpu Rojoonift Ham's B^Hei^l 

3Ta RpoTKafl noRopHOOTB flBJiflercfl o;^aKO y BoAiepa ne pesyjiBTa- 
TOKi Kasoro HH6yAB MHCTH^ecKaro BsyBipcTBa h ^aHaTHdna^ h no* 
Tony OHa npHxaeTB varziS. s BHCoso-AyxoBHUfi eojiophtb Bceft ero 
sodBiH. droTb KoiopHTb THxaTo cipaAaHifl sjGXMTb H Ha ero onHca- 
Hiiixi npHpoAH, Kpafine cBoeofipasHuxi, Bcer^a vb Bucmet cToneHH 

OAyXOTBOpOHHHX'B, OpOHHKHyXHX'B rpyCTHOft MeTOaTOJOiHOCTblD H 60JriS8- 

HOHHoft spacoTon. BoTL TicHOD Ry^Rofi CToarb Vb oTAaieHin jierRia 
BeqepHifl o6iaiEa — vb hhxi ^aatch nosiy npomejqnie roAU, «bi 
oxex^Kaxi crapHHu, n noBHRmeft roj[OBOft»; lerRifl TyiiaHi, BcraDDuS 
Be?epo]n» h{M(> pi^ft, npeBpaataeica y sero bb o6pa37» Cosai^HiH, 
CKyTBO noAHHiianiqaroGa co x^a ^eioB^qecROft Aynm; lyHa, jtIhhbo 
ueHTann^afl sa TOMHofi jrasypH He6a, b'b RpyseBaxi Gkmrb oCjiaROBTb, 
poHflerb Ha seiuao oiesHHsy, h ary qHOTyio Ranjoo^ od^oMORi onaia, 
Mhxojsjnrb noBTb h npaqerB y cefia na rpyAH, doscB, qTo(h» y Hero 
He ynpajio ea peBHHBoe coxsufi; Be^epmft B^Topi na Cepery Mopa 
xaseTCfl eMy fiiyawanoiHirb h o newb to Hxa^yn^m'B npHspaROMB; 
ne^ajEBHut cryRib HenoroAH o RpoBejiBHuft soioGb BusuBaOTB bb ero 
Aymi oCpas'B tiesAOiiHaro, cTaparo Ayxa, cTpaECTBynni^aro h cTony- 
n^aro, ne naxoAfl EHrA'b npiDTa... TaEHCTBeHHue oyicepRH; nuniHuft 
saRaTB coiHi^ky MiHflnnug esecoRyHAHO napaffB cbohx'b RpacoRB, Tpe- 
nemyn^HXB noi(o6HO cepAHiy bb MOMenxB pasiy^H, CTpaHHO-6arpoB£id, 
T09HO ORpoBaBJieHHHfi, 9aRaTB; npH^yAJinBUH o^epTaHia Be^epHHXB 
o6jiaROB'B, noxosHxi na orpoMHue capRo^ara; TyMaHB, RJiyOaniifica 
HaAB rpasHBuiH npeAMicTBanH UapHsa, HaRonei^'B, caiini IlapHSB, 
r^t npHspaRH CHyioTB cpeiH 6iiaro ;][Ha, fsaiitnjiaa co6od npoxo- 

SHXl*!— TaROBBI HBJDOtfjieHHUa BO^JiapOMB^ RapTHHU npHpOABI, H TOIBRO 

HspiAKa H8o6pasaeTB oh'b 6ojiie lurpHue, cBiTJiue h, xaRB CRasaTB, 
sAopoBue laHAma^u b'b poA^ apnaro noi^Ha, tjs^ nicHH posA^^i'ca 
BB nojiaxB noAo6HO posaMB h mucjh saBOflaTca B'B jidacrhxb rojio- 
Baxi; RaRi AyiHHCTsa^ nojHsia lie^a cotei vb n^eiEHuxB yjn»axB... 
JI]d6obb rb senn^HH']^ bb npoHSBeAemaxB xaautaro nosTa sana- 
MaeTB riaBHoe Micro; BoAiap'B TaRse ne ymei'B otb BJiacTH aroro 
o6i]i,aro saRona npapoAH. JId6bh noGBan^eno hitb SHa^HTejiBHoe ^hcjio 
cTHXOTBopeHifl. Kb cosai'iiHiJK), HauB yse nsBicTHO, RaRB necqacTHO 

CJtOSHJBLaCB BB 8T0MB OTHOIUeHiH OPO m^Haa SE3HB H REKOO JIOSHOe 

npeACTaBieaie nojiyqan ohb, 6j[aroAapa aroHy, o seHo^HHi, o ea 
pojiH h HasHaqemn, a' osiAOBaTejiBHo, h o jno6Ba rb aefi. B'B tIxi 

aCOHII^HHaXB, ROTOpUXB OHB jO06hjIB, OH'B HCRaAB T0J[BR0 ^pa^iH H 

KpacoTKy a HHRaRB He yna h cepAAa; bb sRenniHfii owb ne Biijijbjn> 



1 



17a PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

TOBapuua H copaTHHRa B^ 6oflx^ xhbhh. Oh^ AonycKaerB, ^o h oaa 
TaKse MOseTB crpi^aTB h 6htl Hec^acTHoi, ho owb xo^otb, ttoSh 
H a^cB OHa co6iD;(aja nojosoHHiift e& npeAtjTL, 6iua ne^aibEoft 

JIHinB HaCTOlBRO, HaCKOIBKO 9T0 JBeJHqHBaeTB ^HSHqeCEyiD KpacoTj, 

I OTHDAB He HBJifljacB vh CKopfis conepHHAefl Mys^HHH: 

He xo^y a, o atXHaji xkmlj 
^To6u Bi yasac'^ hohh 6oJU>Hod 
Tu, iD6iiB]naii tojbko oyrjiHBo, 
Mwk osasaia xotb pasi ropxejHBo: 
,A opaBBuacB, o iiapB Moi« e% To6oi!*' 

IKeHORle o6pa8U| Koropue BoajTOPb picyerB vh cbohxi cTHXOTBope- 
Hi«I^, BoerAa nodTOiiy npejecTHu, rpaiqoBHH, ho neriyOoKH; 6ii- 
BtDTB nopoi H saraAOHHU, ho TorAa otb hexi sierB xojroAoirb h 6e3- 
oepxe^leirB c^^hhrcobx. «MHiafl jrtHBBHi(a>, co^apoBaToiBHafl le- 
Bta(XA») «aHrejrB paA0CTH»^— botb JiacRaTejiBHue anHrers, rotophhm 
on ^ame Boero narpai^aeTB cbohx'b idOhmuxi axeHniHH'B, j[D6y£CB 

IMH, RaKl RpaCHBSHH MapiOHOTRaMH, TOpBafl BXl CBOHKH RaiipHBau 
H HepBOBHUMH BSpHBaHH. Y HOrO Hiri^eTCH AASe GTHXOTBOpeHle, B^ 

ROTopoM'B OBnb BupasaeTB CBoe nomoe npeap^Hie r'b senn^HHi, na* 
auBafl ee «HHBRHirB SHBOTHiiirB», «i^apHi^efi rpixoBx», npHSBaHHott 

T04BR0 JIJLB TOFO, ^T06ll pOSA&TB r6HieBl>!.. Ho flCTHHHHfi TaiaHTB UO- 

xeTB At^BaTB cBOHiTB aq[>ei^airB cBiTjraa OTRpoBeHiH^ — h totb se Boa- 
ji8p% HanRcaiii «npE8HaHie», bt> ROTopoMi SByivTB yse qHcro-iejio- 
BinecRoe OTHomeHie ri acein^HHt h Bipnoe noHBMaHie Tot ne^avB* 
HOt poiB, RaRyn ona HrpaerB vb coBpeMenHpiTB otin^ecTBi. IIpHBo- 
AHiTB 8T0 npeRpacHoe cTEXOTBopeHie: 

I^aa-fcj—oiHai* tojibko pasi,— ^oporaa B0J[ine6Huua, 

fianjft HtxiiaA pyiKa AOB'i^pHiacB mh^ 

(^TOTi^ leati eme j^pso ropHTb bi Moeft naicATH, 

B% coKpoBeBHOit ea iiy6HHb). 
Buio noBAHo. BiecHyBi, RaR'B MoneTa orpoHHax, 
Ha'b-aa RposejiB aomobi noRasaiacB lyna, 
H xpeHOTnaA nojHou CTpyEiacB xopsecTBeHHO 

Ha^i* IIa]inmeHi, Teiua h ^^ymna. 

OCTOpO^KirUH KOmKH CR0IB3HJIH XaHHCTBeHHO 

BjtOJtb J^OUOB'b, B1) nO^OpOTHRXl CKpHBaiCB 0Tb ri88%, 

Cjiobbo rliBH po^HHfl noxoxRoft 6edniyMH0K) 

JIpoBOHaa coiyBCTBeHHO nacB... 
Bipyrt cpeA" paaroBopa, hhthmho pac^B4TI^a^o, 
5aiyraeBHaro, ^y^;iaro iipa^HUXB sapors, 
Hal rpy;^B uaineil SByHHoil, hbb axoro hyxelslto 

QHCtpyiieHTa, ix^ paxocTB SHBerB, 
Ed's rpy^^H ly^esapsofi, aaRB bb yxpo BeceHnee 
IIpe^pa^cBtTHoI Tpy6u o6oApaH)iiUfi SByaB, 
Hoxa BHpBaiact cxpaHHaa— aaanRaa, rpycxnaa, 

Bee co6off nomaxHyBmaa B;Q)yn! 
KaR% OojLHoiJ, 6e3o6pa3HHft pe6eH0RB, Roxoparo 
^^ CxopoBHJiHCL ^ymie, Rpacni^ cboh, 

' RoxopHJ!, Bi> ^yiant cRpuBaacB, sadpomeHHud, 

jj,o.]ro KHjt 6e3B ;Q)y3eft h cchbh^ — 



BOAIdPl, ErO SH3Hb H n083UI. 178 

B'lxHHd anreii! ona, Bama HOTa BpHBJiHBafl, 
ropBSO niia: „Bce— iosb na seiiii h o^Masi, 
Bee— MHHyTHHfi KHpaacb! BroHSifB HeJiOBi^ecKift 

BCDXy BHAeH'B nOA'b MaCBOft pyMAE'E... 

„9ino 5a nouucM poAh—6umt fcpacueoio oicemmtMOu! 

H 6e37MBe]rb o6'B£Toft h sciaTH yirlDii^efi 
Bi MamHHaibHoft yiH6Bi sacTHTB! 
nKasi Hejiino na cep^i^e JUOXCBoe pascHHTHBaTB, 
Ka£i H3]^'bHHHB0 Bce— spacoTa h je>6obb! 
Bee cHimaeTCJi bi odiqeft KopsHHi 8a6BeHiA, 

BoSBpaTHTCfl Vh HHTTOlKeCTBO BHOBB^. 

Si He pasi npHSHBaTB axy hojihohb BOime6H7D, 
Btj AaiB, osapeHHyiD luurBoft JiyHofi, 
If dotff»p«itMwi^ wonotm npusHauM yoKocHOM, 
Eam cenmboui, a^anuMato mhou!». 

Mil He Morjra, Kone^HO, HcqepnaxB wh HacToan^eirb dTD^i hh Bctxi 
HeAOcraiKOB'B, hh Bcixi ;![octohhctb^ h RpacoTB 6o;i;i8poBCKofi noBsm. 
Mil 6yAeMi OAHaKo Bnora'b jAOBJieTBopeHH, ecjin ^laxejiB noittyqH'rb 
XOTB npH6iH8HTej[BHO BipHoe noHflTie Hec^acTHOMi> noBTi, Ha na- 
if hth KOToparo h jo cix% nopi,— botl yaeBTe^eme copoKa jAtb,— 
jieasHTL «nflTHOM'b> ero ^aMi^aieJiBHafl, ho aosho noHflTan n Majno 
oirlHeTHafl KHHra. 

n. a. 



B P n H. 

POMaH'B. 



XVL 



%pe8% ipH AHA nocjii Ae6K)Ta EannroHa b% <OrHeHHoft 
seMJii* orpoMHaa «ejiTUJi a^HmH, pacueeHHUfl no yrjiairb yjiHiti, 
fiOBB'liitajiH noHTeHHiflmyK) ny6jDiRy o Ae^Kvii wb caxy <HoBoe 
djn»AopaAO> cyAHBflxejibHaro pyccRaro aTJiera*, <HHBiirb ao chxi 
nopi> He no6^»AeHHaro h nojiy^HBinaro nepBuft peRopKB Vb 
EBponl 6opAa CaHC0H0Ba», CjiorB a(^Hinii CEJibHO HanoMRHan 
i](B%THCTufl, BAOxHOBeHHuft cjioFb XpHcaH^a TepeHTBHHa, a HH- 
Kbwb He Hofi'bacAeHHiiift 6opeit'b cGaMCOHOBH Cujtb hhkto HHoft, 
RaRi yBesoHHiafl 6Jiaroo6pa8euMi rocnoAHHOirb b'b hohb cBoero 
nepearo TopacecTBa bi fOreeHHOft seMJii*— KanHTOH'b. 

CnnpHAOH^ IIojiHKapHOBHH'b pBajTb Ha ce6t bojiocu, xoAHJrb 
KQKb 8Btpb, HaBOAfl CTpaxx Ha CBOK) qeji^A^ HO CA'bJiaTb HHHOrO 
He Hon. Ha Apyroft se a^hb nocjii HCHesHOBenlfl RanHTona, 
K'b lIopoceHROBy ABHJicfl rocnoABHii Bi HepHOiTb ciopTyRi, Ch 
nopTcfieJieic'B, npoA'bflBHJi'B sacBHA^TejibCTBOBaHHyK) noAJiesan^efl 
BJiacTBK) AOBtpeHHocTb «RpecTbflHHHa TBepcRofl ryCepHiH, Hobo- 
TopaccRaro ybsAa, cejia FjiHHHHCb, RanHTona CeicenoBa IIojiopo- 
TOBa, BUA&HHyH) npHCJiSHOMy CTpaa^eBiy IIoTacRajiOBy, na BBAe- 
Hie BcixT* ero, IIojiopoTOBa, a*^^) BOfo^iafl laRHce BsucRaHla no 

BeRCBJUiirb, pOCHHCRaM'b, H BCHRBlTb AOJirOBBI]|'bo6fl8aTeJ[lbCTBairb», 

H HO nonpocHJi^y ne noTpe6oBajix, a thxo, ho cb niROTopuirb 
oTTbHROiTb HacToflWBOCTH Bi BupBSieniaxi>,npedAoafcuAZ <r. IIo- 
pocBHROByi BpyqHTb eicy, AOB'bpeHHOicy, nacnopTi IIoJiopoTOBa h 
npH^HTaion^eecji, no pascqeiy, acaJioBanbe. 

OCesyM^B'b OTb 8Jio6ti, IIopoceHROBi mnpoRO pacRpuTuicn 
rJiasaMH CMOTpiorb na rocnoAHHa bi qepnoicb CK)pTyR'6, h nepHtift 
ciopTyRi TaRxe cicoTptJi'b na Hero h B'b ero BsrjiHAt 6ujio h%- 
iTO, roBOpHBmee: caxi, ecjin 611I Te6fl npopaajio, ocjih 6bi tu 
mbha xoTb o6pyrajrb RaRi-HH6yAb, c% RaRHirb 6u Hacjia^RAenieirb 
;i noKasajni xeCi RysbRHHy Marb, na saROHHOirb, roho^ho, ocho- 
BanlH.i 



BOPI^Hv 175 

H AOJiro T93ffb CMOTpijni OHH ipyTB Ha xpyrii. HaROHem>, 
IIopoceHROBi RaRi-TO ocoCeHHO npimcoEHyjTB, OTBepnyjicH otb 
lepHaro dopiyRa h npoHSHecB: 

— T-d-dRTb-CBt Snmjm na^mopn noHaAofiHJucH? 

* — nacnoprb h pascHerB!— nonpaBurb ero ^epHUft ao^vpeh. 

— KaBoft se eicy pasc^erB? RasHCb, ohi Bce y uqex no- 

JiyHHJTBl 

— Bh roBopirre €Ba3RHCB», SHaHHn coMHiBaerecB? — cl npes- 
Bu^aftHO jno6e8Hoft yjiu6soft nojpcBaTHJii nepmift ciopTyKB,— bi 
TaKoicB cjiyna*!, nosBOJiBTe BaiTB novo^. 

OhI BSflJTB nopT^B, OTOlCRHyJTB OPO RJDDO^RROITB H, BHHyB'B 

jiHCTHRib 6yMarH, nposoJiaRajiB: 

— BoTB TyTB cocTOTaHO Bce, ff> RonieHRHl Ob Baci cjr6- 
Ayen IIojiopoTOBy ipH py6M mecTBAecfln ceicB ROirloRB. ' 

— ' noBBOJiBTe, rocnoAHHi! B%a^ a eMy fjurh lorxa naiB 
py6jieftl sanpoxecxoBaJTB GnHpHAOHi IIojniRapnoBHqi. 

— J^onycTHiTB, ^To BH OMy Asura motda iiaiB pytfjieft! — ^pes- 
BU^iaftHO yRJiOHHHBO H Cb HaHJonEoSesHiflmeft yjEufiRoft saviTHJTL 
Hepmift ciopryRi, ho ecjm owb h nojiyHHJirB cb bbcb OBHaneHHyio 
cyHMy, TO HHRaRi He wb sanerB acanoBaHBA, a RaRi oOin^aH- 
HyH) BauH npH CBHAftTOJiflX'B Harps4[y. 

— T^-BVb'Cbl ^To-ae, ceftHaci, ^tto-jih, njianiTB? % 

— HsOaBHJIH 6U H KOHH H CeCfl OTB HSJIHniHHXl fiesHo- 

ROftCTBll OTBi^aJTB HOpHtlft CIOpTyRB. 

— H nOOTOpTB? 

— 0, ofiasaiejiBHo! 

CnHpHAOH'B IIojEHKapnoBH^'B yxajniJicfl bi coc6shk)io ROMHary 
H BBinecB OTiyAa nacnoprB h x^HBrH. 

nojuyHHB'B TO H Apyroe, Hepnufl ciopTyKB TH^aTemHO ocmo- 
TpiJTB nacnopTi, nepecHirraJiB jifimm, nacnoprB nojioJKHJTB bi> 
nopT^B, a AGHBrH bt> RapifaHi h ci o6u^HOft JuoGesHOCTBio 
npeAJioJRHJii: 

— HeyroAHO jih, a BaiTB HanHmy pocHHCRy? 

— HiTB, yacB hto tbkb! — BcaxnyjTB pyROK) HopoceHROBx,— 
sa ApyrHifH, B^AB, ne npHAore? 

^epHHft CBOpTyRl CB HyTROCTBH) OXOTHEHBOft C06aRH UpH- 

noAHflJK'B rojiOBy h BsrjiHHyjii na CnnpHAOHa IIojniRapnoBHqa 
BonpocBTejLBHO-CTporo. 

— Xe, xel fl HomyTHjrBl CHyn^enHo saifiTHJix nopocoHROBB, 
xoTfl nyBCTBOBaJTB, "iTO eicy bi nacTOfln^H) HHHyry bobco ne 

XOT^JTOCB myTHTB. 

^epraift ciopTyRi cb aoctohhctboh'b hoahhjica co CTyjia, ch 
AOCTOHHCTBOM'B^ HSAajiHy HORJiOHHJicjai GnHpHAOHy ITojiHRapnoBHHy 
Uj marafl hoaoGho njroxoMy aRTepy, H8o6paxaK)iiteMy RopojiH, 

BUmaSl HSli ROHHaTU. 

— Hy, KanHTOHBl Bot-b TaRi KanHTOHBl — B0CRJiHKHyjn>, 



n 



176 PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

OCTaBmHCB OAHH'B, nopOCeHKOBl, — BOTb laVB RaHaJIbfl! Aft A£L 

njiyrbl Axb th 6ecTiJiI 3ft, kto lairb? IIosBaTB CH)Aa Ilop^iipk! 

^HBO! 

C% tIx'b nopi, KER-B 6iaroo6pa8Huft rocnojpiH'b cj^jia 
nojubdui KanxTOHa laKi daninaTeJiBHO jiobro h ffiMsssjEO yea- 
AHJiii ero Ha HSBonpHBH) npojieTRy, npomjuo Bcero xpe Eeji^km, 
a MeacAy t^itb b'b aiorb ^esBinaftHo RopoTRift cpoRi» na 
cTOJu>Ro HSMiHHJiocB HOJio^eHie KanHTOHE, HTO OHi, npocHnaflCb 
no yrpaifB, see en^e He mofl coo6pa8HTB, Ha^HBaerb jnr ohi a6hb 

npeaCHBlTL EanHTOHOlTB BJIH HOBHMl, H6 HH^IOIipDrB Cb 0peX- 

HHMi pimHTeJiBHO HH^ero oGn^u'o. 

* Ohb npocunaJiCH bb npHJiH^eo MefijiHpoBaHHOft ROimaTl, h& 
Bs^rRoft nocTejii noxb ajiBROBOMi h nepBoft mucjubk) ero 6ujia 
imcjiB ToiTb, HTO J Hero ecTb AeHBrs, unoro A^HerB, laR'B 
HHoro, HTO, nojRaJiyfi, hxb neRyAa A^BaiB. Ha ROBpinci nepeAB 

RpOBaTBK) CTOJiJIH npORpaCHO BKnHO^eHHfilfl JiaROeifB Me6jiHpoBaH> 

BBixB ROMHarB 60T11HRH, H TjrB SO *JiejRajui ca^BjmoBUA ly^E. 
BcynyBii hofh bi» ly^JiH, RanHTOHi noAxoAHJTB R'b yioiBajiBHHRy, 
OTB ROToparo sa h^rojibro maroBB Hecjio neofisiRHOBeHHO Aynra- 
CTUMB MUJOHi, yMUBajicii, BUTnpaji'B Jon^o h meio xoxjiaTun 
noJiOTeni^eH'B n, nocMOTpiBmncB bb sepRaJio, RpacHopi^HBo 
AORJiaji^BaBmee o Rpacorb ero oco6h, caAHJica sa MajieHBRia 
caKOBapi iiHTB "laft cb icjirRHMH, caoGhumb 6yjro^RaifH. 

PiAIufi A^HB RanHTOHii ne npnHHMai'B nociTHrejieft h h6 
nojiynaji'B uHceMB h saiiHCo^eRB. nociTHTejrflMB oetb bcofa^ 

CUJI'B paAB, ho DBCBMa, a BB 0C06eHH0CTH SanBCOHRH Vb E9Smr 

hbixb, naxHyBmHXB Ayxaiai pasHoi^BiTHUXB ROHBepTHRax'B npB- 
BOAHJiH ero B% CHyn^eHie. RaoHioH'B; xoth h cb TpyAOHB, ho 
pasGHpajiB, Bce-iaRH, no DHcaHHOHy, ci n^Roropofi Haiyroft 
MOFB 6u en^e nanHcaTB TpaAHi^iOHHoe ohcbmo vb n&peBOK}, 
ycHacTHBi ero agcatrohb horjuohobb h npocB6'B o cHepyniHMOirB^ 
6jiarocjioBeHiH h noRpuBB terhmb ace ROJiH^ecTBOMB rjurcb h 
MepHHJiBHuxB 6pBi8roBi>, HO ypasyic^TB CMHCJiB noj[y^aeMHxi» 
HMB sanHCo^eRB n, hto en^e xyse, nHiaxBCfl na hiixb oiB^HaTB— 
ohb pimHTejiBHO 6fiiJiB He bb cnjiaxi*. 

Ohb He Aomejii en^e ao t^xb CTeneneft RyjiBTypHOCfH h 
6jiarococToaHia, hto6h, hoaoCho $HpreJiBATy h cooTenecTBeHHHiqf 
BapcyKOBy saBecTH ceRpeiapn, ROTopuft 6U sejrB ero RoppecnoH- 
AeHAiio H BOo6n](e Bci a'^^^ ho ifucjiB o coRpeTap*!, xota h bb 
TyicaHHOM^ 6yAyn^eMi>, yaece yjiu6aJiacB eify. FjiaBHoe— nyacao 

OUJIO RaRB HHCyAB yCTpOBTBCfl CB HHCBMaMH! A TOEepB, RaHCA^ft 

pasB, RaRB ropHH^naji BHOCHJra na noAHoci Asa-TpH posoBux'B 
HJiB H%jRH0-8eJieHuxB ROHBepTHRa, RanHTOHi» HaHHHajiB on^y- 
niaTB TpoBOscHoe cocTOJiHie <noAB j[0«eqR0ft» h rasecTB bb 
saiuJiRi, TO^HO eny hphxoahjiocb npHHHMaTB noJiosenle, Hssi- 
CTHoe y 6opi(OBB doab HasBaHieiiB: cpont*. 



BOPn;H. 177 

XuypflCB^ ]spo7R:^mjiL}iE nanLitaicH owb paspHBa^i^ ROHfiepx^ 
n nurajicii paao6paTB TOHKift, saKi nayxHHa, no^epKi HestAOBcoft 
KoppecnoHAeETEH. Tn^eTHBifl ycHJilal 3ib h^jkhbih, no'iTH bo3- 
jiymHHH o^epiaHia 6yRBT> bobco ho hoxoahjih na Biijipji6jLeEExia 
KanHTOHOiTB cb A^TCTBa casui h c6ysH>; ohi> Aa»e HHorAa 
^OMHiBajicfl 6yRBU jiH axo, hjih RaKie HH6yAB Ra6aj[HCTa<iecRlef 
ycJiOBBHO SHaRH H, HSMyHHBniHCB jsf) HcnapnEU^ npfliajiB aaoH- 
coHRH noA'B saifORi, 6oiiCB JiK)6onHTCTBa snaROBCBix'B, a bb oco- 
€eHH0CTH aTJuexoB'L-npiflTeJieft. 

KanHTOHB yjRe ssajn'B, ^o SHaHHTi saBHCTB joojieft oASHaso- 
Boft npo(j^ecciH s RaRi nya^ao e^i Coatbch; ct» hhbch oh'b b»- 
pafioTajii oco6eHHyK) Haaepy BecTH ce6H. C'b BapcyROBUiTBy 
OAHHifB H3B caifuxi HeonacHBixii ero conepHEROBT», KaiiHTOHi 

6uJUb OCTOpOSeFB BX OC06eHHOCTH. C'B HHlfB OH'B TOBOpHJTB 

TOJiBRO HeMi, II HE cjTOBa ce6i. 

— Hy, ^TO, RaRi nosHBaeniB? — paAyniHO npEBiTCiBOBaarB 
OH'B ero,— xoneniB naio? 

— Iloxajiyfl!— HexoM oiBi^aJTB BapcyROBi,— CByipa xaRaa 
^apHHxa! GeiiHaAitaTB rpaAycoBx! He snaK), RaRi Cbitb ce- 
roAHJiI 

— A HTO? 

— y Hena 6oJiBniaa 6opB6a Ch BypAOEdl ^apRoI 3a- 
^^oxHeniBca! 

— RoHBflRi, TOBoparB, noMoraeTBl 

— BsAop'Bl Aa B^AB E He ebk), tu sHaeniB! 

RaoETOH^ BEajTB RaRB pas'B o6paTsoe: hto BapcyROBi ebotb 
irspEAHO H AstJieRO ne oaeh^ rohberi, ho BapcyROBy Hy»HO 

<;UJI0, ^T06il He TOJIBRO HyCJIHRa, HO H BHaROMUe AyMajIEy HTO 
OHB He HBeTB, HB RypHTB, ^TO OffB HOCTOEHHO TpOHHpyeTCE, H 
RaOHTOH'B MOJIHaJI'B. 

— SHaeniB hoboctb? BOCRJiHi](aerB BapcyROBi,— ohetb nps- 
rjiamaH)^ b'b CapaTOBB. 

— CorjiacEJiCE? 

— Hy hxbI %o hh'I lairB a^tb! H sa'^cb xopomo! Tani 
i^TOJiBRO He sanjiaTErBl A kh$ HpasETCE ropoA'Bl IlyCjiHRa MenE 
jiH)6EJia. B'B nocjr]^AHift buxoa'b noAEecEE BinoRi... nosajiyft, 

HyTB He C'B ORHO. JleHXU,— BOl ApniEH'B AB'bHaAItaTBl H 30E0XBI1CE 

<SyRBaMH: fCBJia^-axEexy BapcyROBy— 6EaroAapHue RynniM>! 

KaaExoHi snajTB, hxo xoxib Bce npeyBejiEHEBaex'B h esotb, 
^xo y Hero ecxB, A'^flcxBExeEBHO, b'Ihor'b, A^JieRO se xaROfi ntno- 
Hurft, E, 7X0 canoe rEaBsoe,— RyojieEHiift e noAnecenHBift anxpe- 

flpeflepOBTB, HO HOE^aiTb. 

— MeHE E BA'lbB ny6EERa jLio6wrb ne MeHBme! SnaeniB... 
9T0 MeECAy HaME: e cjuiaiaEi>, hxo coCnpaexcE noAEECRa na 
fioAEecenie mh'6 iieAaEE! 

RanExoHi ohexb moehexi*. H croebro 6u he EraEB, he 

M 4. OTxin U 12 



178 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

xsacTajicfl BapcyROBi, oh'b see 6y3;6rb MOjraaTB, a npo ce6a 
noMHHT'b H snaerB, ^to He jifijrbe RaR'B ipn ahh ix)My, ohi^ 
nocJii AecATHMHHyTHOft cxBaiRH Bi mBefti^apcRoft GopBei, yjio- 
^KHJTB EapcyKOBa; hto toti HHRorAa p,2asie He nuiajicfl <BH2RaTb> 
TaKyio TflxecTB, KaKyio owb BHaHMaerb rayra; ^o BapcyKOB'B 
TpycB, naxaa noA^HMaerB hoa'b ce6H pyRH, h ero npHXOAHTCir 
BopoMaiB, KaRi OROJsiBmyH) JiomsAB. 

KannTOHi snaerB Bci miyRH, Ha RaRin nycRafOTca npo^ecci- 
onajiBHue Copies h aiJieiH, snaerB Bci cnocoCu o^orparaBaHBii 
ny6jiBRH, BHaerB, bi> oco6eHHOCT9, noTony, ^to h cau'B 6HBaeT'E 
He HyjRjcB BTHifB miyRaiTB h, 6oacB hjih nesoJiBHO pasofiJiaHaTB 
Roro HB6yAB, hjih nporoBopHTBca, ejih saA^iB nw HH6yAB caifo- 
jiK)6Ie,— CjiaropasyMHo mojihhtb. 

H ero nocTO^HHoe MOor^aHle, nocxoaHHoe <ce6£ na ymiy 
npHj^aioTB eny oco6eHHHft b^cb h i^Hy. 

YxoKBLTb BapcyROBi, aBJiHexca kto HH6y5B apyroft. Ta 
aRe noxBaJiB6a ycnixaMH h jiio6obbk) ny6jiBRH. Aa hto ace 
Myapenaro? Bc4 ohh, ci jrencoft pyRH Xpncan^a TepeniBe- 
BHHa h AByxi, Tpexi ero ROJiJierB — csHaMeHHTHei, cne- 
6BiBaJiue no CHJii vb EBpon£», fHM'lion^ie 1-ft peRopA'B bi Mip%>, 
<HeyCTpamHMue» h €Heno6iAnme». A b-l cyn^HOCTH— bto jro- 
AH HeB^jsecTBeHHue, JS^HHBHey 6opan^iecH sa cyn^ecTBOBanle, h 
npHHyacABHHue caiiH ROBaTB ce6i cjiaBy. Ka^RAuft hs'b hhx'b BHaerB, 
HTO cjiaBa— BTO SByKB ipyCn* Ecjih hhrto ho BOSBMerB rpyCii 
H He HSAacrB nepnaro sByRa,— Tpy6a caHa co6oh) ho BaipyCHrb. 
HyjRHO, ^To6ii RTO HH6yAB nepBfiift CA^aJii bto! Bee paBHo rto 

H Bl CHJiy RaRHXl MOTHBOBX. XpHCBH^ TepOHTBBH'B Bl JE]^- 

mewb BEKb saipyCerB sa ab% RpacHOHBRifl 6yuasRH, hotoitb 
HaftA^TCH TBRoft, ROTopuft CA'lJiaerB dTO 8a OAHy CyiraacRy, h Tpe- 
Tift, ROTopoMy oco6eHHO Taxejio 6opoTBCfl sa CBoe cyn];ecTBOBa- 
Hie, oxoTHo pasiHrpaerB Tyace apiio sa <CHHioxy». SarlirB nys-^ 
HO coBAaiB ce6i <ny6jiHRy», CA^JnaTBca en JiK36imnfiWh. Oahh'b^ 
RaRi> BapcyROBiy BxoAHrB b'b corjuameme cb aHTpenpenepaini h 
Ha noJiOBHHHHX'B pacxoAaxi noRynaerB ce6i b^hor'b, AP7i^ft> 
RaRi RpyRCBy saRassBaerB neAaJHB h noAHOcnrB ee ce6'6 ny6jnn- 
HO Hepesi CBoero JuaRea, ipeiift, RaR'B ATjaHTOB'B, 6pocaerB cb 
noAuocTROBX B'b pasHOHiepcTHyK) TOJiny spHTOJiefl npHropmnHMH 
MeJiRiH HOHers, CTaBHTB B^ CBAy Go'iRy HHBa h HaRJieHBaerB na 
nee annurarB: cotb pyccRaro 6opi^a ATJiaHToaa— ero no^Hraie- 
jiHiTBi, a ^HprejuBATB H BypAOHd noRasuBaiOTB arrecTaTBr, a^hjio- 
MU H BspiteRH HS'B raseTB oAHHi Ha H^iceifRoirB, Apyroft Ha $paH- 
iiyscROMi asBiRaxi. H B'B TO ace Bpeica bc% ohh TpennpyiOTCfl^ 
ynpaxH^ioTca h paSoiaiorB ci laROft CTpacTHOCTBio, TaRi ycepA- 
HO, RaR'B He pa6oTaerB, Hoacen 6htb, hh oahbtb naxapB hea'b^ 
MaTopBio-seMJieft noTOMy, tto hh ri TOBcy Apyroiiy ohh ne cno- 
co6hn. 



BopniH. ' 179. 

n Touy se caicoMy ohohb 6hctpo HayiHJica h to ;Re caHoe 
ci TOH) see CTpacTHOCTBH) ciajTb A^jiaiL KaiiHTOHi. nepBse ypo- 
EH SH8HH, nojiy^eHHue 9irb 8*5 cOrHesHOft 3eMJi%>, ne nponajiH 
^lapoifB. Ohi noHflJi'by ^lo ji^si foro, ?to6u nMiiB ycnln» bi 
acHSHH, nyacHO <Aep3aTB», h Aepsajii* aotofo, ^to nnorj^a caiTB 
ce6i CTaHOBHJica Ha a^bo. . Bii CesyHHoft BanxanaJiin oCHasen- 
Haro ^ejiOB-i^^ecRaro r6jia, RpinRBX'B MycRyjioB'B h mnpoRofi rpy^- 
EoftBJi'bTRH, BaRxaHaJiiH, oxBaTHBmeft ne toj^bro ny6j[HRy Bcbx'B 
oioeB'b, HO H aHTpenpenepoBi h A^tse canHxi 6opuoB'B, — KanH- 
TOBDB HamejTB a^a c66h oaho H8i nepBux'b m^ctb h ctoah'l na 
HeiTB TBepAO. HeMi> HHcaJSH b-b raseraxx, o neiTB roBopnjiH 

BCK>Ay, Ha'UlHafl C% B6JIHR0CB%TCRHXB rOCTHHUXB H ROH'iafl Ha- 

ceJueHHsniH ^a6pH^HmrB juoaoicb cyrjiaicHi, ero RapiOHRH, cb 
cJDEoaceHHUHH Ha rojioft rpyAH, H3o6pasaBmHMH BeJiHROJiinHoe pas- 
BHTie MycRyjiaTypH, pyRaiiH, npoAaBaoiHCB bi dCTanaHHX'B icara- 
BHHax'B Ha pjiAy CTB RapTO^Raim lenopoBB h nepBuxB apTHCiOBB 
H yRpamajiH 6yAyap]2 BejiHROCB^TCRHxi Aani. 

Ho caMUiTB yCiA^ejiBHfincB AORasaiejiLCTBOMi ero nonyjiap- 

EOCTH 6UJIH tI HijRHO-SeJieHUe H pOBOBUe ROHBepTHRH, xpaHHB- 

mie HeBHAHHUA RanHTony nocjiaHiji, rotopha ohi npfliajii) b'b 

ROMOA'6 nOA'B RJIIO^OMl. 

KanHTOHB yse a^bho naHiTHjrB ^aaosiRa, eAHHcxBeHnaro 
Mormaro CesB BpeAa n onacRH OTRpuiB eicy TaHHCiseHEHft cmucji^ 
dTHX'B RaCajracTHHecRHXB nocjianift. ^bjiob^rb btotb Cbui'b—IIop- 
^Hpift, ciapuft npiflTejiB, ccBOft ^eJiOB^Rn, BnepBue OTRpHBmift 
eicy AOCTyni r% CJiaB^, HBrnaHHuft IIopoceHROBUMi h9i cOrHen- 
Hoft 8eHj[H» H OHeHB HCAypHo ycTpoHBHiifica y dpHecia, na Ka- 

ICeHHOOCTpOBCROlCB. KaHHTOH'B HHCaJTB OHy H^CROJIBRO paSl^ HpH- 

rjiamaJLi cno6B[BaTB» h RasAHfi pasi nojiynajiii oahhi h toxi 
se, cypoBO-JnaROHH^ecRift otb^tb — <HeRorAa>. HaRonem, ohi» 

ABHJICH. 

— Baci cnpamHBaerB RaRoft to rocnoAHHi! coo6npiJia bo- 
meAm&fl ropHHHHaa. 

— l&xh jtamHxi? — cnpocHJTB oxopamHBaBmifica nepoA^ Tya- 
jneTHUMi sepRajiOMx EannroFB. 

— H^tb! KaRoft TO nysoA! Enj^e ne CuBaoiH! 

— IIpocHl 

B'B ROMHaxy BomejTB IIop^Hpift bi hobomoahoitb HHAacaR'l, 
cipuxi naHTaJionaxi H cb ROxeoiROBrB. CiA^HBRie 6a?RH eroCujin 
xn^aTejiBHO pac^ecaHH, TyFO-naRpaxMajieHHufty HsyjcHxeJiBHoft 6i- 

JIH8HBI BOpOTHHRli HOAOHpaJI^ erO CTap^eCRifl, OAPA^JliBmia, HO 
FJiaARO BBl6pHTUH H^BRH. 

— Hop^Hpift Hjdlbhi'b^ ApyrBl— BOCRJiHRHyji'B KaHHTOHi, 6po- 
caflCB RB CTapHRy H saRJOO^aa ero bb oCxaTia. 

— nocToft, HOCTOft, coBiHeniB! — safiopMOTaJTB nop$Hpift, — 
npHBURib jsiOAefi mhtbI Hy, no^eJioMRaeMCJi! Saopob'b jih? 

12* 



180 P7GCK0E BOFATCTBO. 

Ohh noiJtiJiOBajnicB. 

— HaKOHeAi to npmnejTL! CjiaBa Te6% FocnoAH! He xopo* 
mo, He xopomo, nop^Hpift Hjibhtb, saCfiiBaTBCTapux^npiATejiefil 

— San^Mi 8a6iiBaTB! BiKh Te6H 6jjsj noMHHTBl OTB^naJTB 
nop^Hpifi, j5fijmKS,TE0 RjiaffiH nui^ny na romojd(b h saHnMaa Mi- 
CTO Ha AHBaH^, — Ka6u ne tu, — chjcItb 6h irai wb dToft noMofi- 
Hoft Hni, a TenepB h, cjiasa CosAaieJiio, bx npnJiHHHoe iiicTO 
nonajTB. 

— ^ero Jiy^ffle! Hy, ^itb ae Mni Te6a yromaiB, IIop^H- 

plft JlShHiVh? 

— A fflWilTBl 

— BOAOHRH BHOBeml 

— Majio HUHHe a. ee noTpe6jiJiH>... Co CBHA&HBeMi, passft! 

— Co cBHAaHBein» Heo6xoAHMO hjsho bhhhtb! BOCRJiHRHyjrB 
EaHHTOHi, BumeJTB Bi KoppHsopB H OT^ajTB < HpHKasaHie ropHH^- 

HOft. 

— Hy, TTO, RanHTOHi CeMennq's, 6openiBCfl? cnpocHJTB IIop- 

^Hplft. 

— BopiocB, Hop^Hpift Hjibhtb, 6opk)cb! 

— Rasi JKe, cJoinrajiHl (IIop^Hplft AOcraj^B Ta6aRepRy h sa- 

pflAHJTB HOCB HSpflAHBIM^ ROJEHHeCTBOBTB €^paHBy8CRarO>) 8Ha- 

msTh H HOH xjioHOTH Te6% Ha noJiBsy nonuni. 

— CnacH6o Te6i, Hop^Hpit Hjibhtb, Bon RaR-B cnacH6o! 

— BjiaroAapHTB, xpjrb Hoft, He sa hto! (Ohb AOCTaJTB nenc- 
Hd, nax^JTB ero nanocB HnaiaiTB cmotp^tb BHclBmi^ na npoin- 
BonoJOSHoft CTbwb ^OTorpa^H^iecRiH RapioiRH h rpymiH)... He 
sa Hxo... He sa ^to... dTO hto 3rq*.. Bce Gopi^H? 

— Bopmi, nop^Hpift Hjibh^'b, BorB h a Tynl CnpaBal 

— BHJRy! (nop^Hpift nocMOip^JTB cnepBa Ha RapTOHRy, no* 
TOiTB Ha EanHTOHa, RaRi> 6u cpaBHHBaa rohIk) cb opHrHHaJioirB).. 
Baafflo! Hhib RaRHM'B KOJLOjnowb CTOHmBi A bto ^rro sa A^BHi^a? 
VLm saifysHAH — Bofb ee sHaexB. 

— 3to CapuniHfl! Ho npoBOJiORi xoxmi! A btobotb aRpo* 
6aTRH: TpH cecTpu. 

— Hy a TH en^e npoBOJioHHHiiy ne sasejTB? 

— H-liB, Hop^Hpift HjibhhbI Ryxa hx'bI 

— TaRB, TaRi)! (Hop^Hpift CTajiB o6boahtb BsrjuiAoirB rom- 
naiy). 

— RoMHaTRa xopomeHBRaH... H Me6jiHpOBO^RaHHHero... Hoxb 
noJioroMB CHHniB, botb RaRi>l A dro tto se sa rapH? 

— ^Jifl ynpaxHemft, Hop^Hpfft EDibhh^b! 

— Aral ynpaxHjaiemBCfl, sna^HTBl 

— RasAufl a^hbI 

— HniB thI 

Hop^Hpift BSHJicfl sa AyiiiKy rnpH h npHHOAHHOTB ei ycH- 
jiieMB. 



BOPipj. 181 

—^ TflORejiia! CKasaJi'b ohi, Hsg^BaacB,— csoJibKO B'Icy to? 

— Cto TpHwaib ^yHTOB'L. H Apyraa Tanafl se. 

— CjmniROicB TpH nyAa, SHa^HrLl %o sue th c% hhmh 
A^JsaemL? 

— A BOThl 

EanHTOH'B c6pocHJix nnwRaRX^ bsajh* wb KasAyio pyKy no 
mpi, MeAJieHHO npHnoAHajLi hea'b roJiOBofi, noTOMi corHyji'B pyRH 
Bi jioRTflxi, noAepsajii h moahohho onycxnji'L. 

— Oro, RaKik Tu aro! yAHBHJicji IIop^Hpift, — RaKaa bi T66i 
cfluiHiiia! 

— ^a, ecTB! Hy Bors b Bojo^ra, h saKycKal BiuiBeM'B IIop- 
$Hpift HjiBa^T) no CTapoft nasfflTnl 

— BunBeicB, BuiiBeM'B! ^a jifii Ciuia CoJiBmaa! BojiBmaa 
cHJia! 

nop^Hpift nOKpyTHJTB FOJIOBOft, BSflJDfB piOMKy BOAKH, ^ORHyJICH 

CB KanHTOHouiy ^unHJii h ciajix saKycsBaTB cejDieAKofl. 

— Ckojibko ace sa KOMHaTRy njiaTHniB?— cnpocHJTB ohi^. 

— JlBaAUaxB pyCjieft! 

— TaRi! %oaie, ROimaTRa xopomeEBKan, BecejieHBRafll 

— Ha^ero! A ro mh'I CimpEAOH'B IIojiHRapnoBnq'B saisacajii! 

— Hy! %o thI Saq^Mii? 

— npocHTB y^acTBOBaTB y Hero bi caAy* HsBHHflJiCfl! 

— BoHx RaRiI HfflB TH, B% ropy nomejTBl %o ae, CyAoniB 

y^aCTBOBaTB-TO? 

— OxTOro flfai! CroBopHJiHCB.XopomyioA'iHyAaeTiIOceHBK) 

HOXUpe MOBXl BHXOAa. 

— TaRi, xaRX. HniB xh! 

— Hy Ra, Hop^Hpift Jlsbwrh, no Bxopoll. 

— Ho Bxopofl? Ya-B He sHaio! PasB^ nyano? 

— OCasaxeiiBHo! 

BunHJiH no Bxopoft. Hop^npift ocHOBaxejiBHo saRycnJii) 
BexHHHOio. EaRoe xo Heo6HRHOBeHHoe 6jiiaroAyniie posjinjuocB no 
ero JiHiQr, cjned^n^lecfl rjiasKH sanrpajui. 

— Oiny xo... Bi» AepBBHH), nacxo nHmeniB?— cupocHJi'B Hop- 
^npift. 

— Hixi! CB H^ROxopuifB CMynt6Hi6in» oxBi^aJTB KannxoHB. 

— %o JKO xaKi? Hexopofflo! He roAHxca aaSHBaxB poAHxe- 
mi. He xaRi hxo6u yxn> onenB 6hjii san^rB? A? 

— 3aHJixIft 6UJ10 nopaAOHHo! $paHiiy8CR]rH) 6opB6y nsyiaji'B. 

— *paHAy3CRyH)? Tm! TaKB, xaRi! ^xo jro axo nyano, ^tojui? 

— O^eHB ffiiSRe nyano, Hop^Hpifi HjiBSHil 

— Hy, H Hxo ae? HpoHsomejrB? 

-^ npoHSomeji'Bf 3xa 6opB6a cepBeanaa. 

KannxoHB Baajix co cxojia h noAaJii rocxio na^Ry $oxorpa- 
^HHecRHX'B RapxoHeicB, na icoxopsxiy oni n ero 3^hx6jib 6hjih 
B3o6paaeHH noJiynamMn bi pasjinnnBie MOMenxu 6opB6u. Hop- 



f 



182 PyOCSOB BOriTOTBO. 

^Hpift CiM H^KOTopoft KOHij^yajniBOCTBH) H He 6e3i HpomH nepe- 
cuoxpijrb KapxoHRH, mojiu ouozHorb htb BCTopony h b3xox- 

— ECTB J MOHA KB Te6l, IIop^Hplft HjOHTb, ICaseEBKOO 

;(|j[B^eI'Haqajrb RaimTOHi, — 6yAB APTn? pasuicHH, noxaxyftcra, 
^0 sa iiiTyKa[ ^a Bunbeicb en^e no oj^oft! 

— ^To :Ra, noxajnyfi, BHiiLeirb! 

KaiiBTOKi Aocrajii hsi soMoxa h^rojibko mryKi pasnoocBiT- 

HHX1» KOHBepTHEOB'B, 0TB KOTOpHX'B H TOnepB 611^6 naXJIO A7X&MH, 

nojioxBJii* HX'B Ha CTOJTB nepeA'B IIop^HplcirB h ycrpemurB na 
H6ro Bu^srj^atejiBHiift BsrJiflXB. 

— 3x0 mo 2ce Tanoe? — cnpocHJTB IIop^Hpift, bsajtb oahhi 
EOHBepiflBrL, noAHOc^ ero Kh Hocy, hotoitb na^ajTB pascMaxpH- 

— H caMii He 8HaK), IIop^Hpifl Hjibh^'b! IIoJiyHaH) no noTri, 
a HHraxb He Mory... yjRib 6ojibho nepasSop^HBO, ^to-to. IIpoHH- 
TZ& xhj MBt nosajiyftcxa!— CKasajTB RanHTom. 

nopi|)Epid KpflRHyjTB, AOCxaJTB nenc-na, navljrB ero na hocb, — 
xoxa OHO eiiy co6cxBeHHO MimaJio h npnxoAHJiiocB ^HraxB nepes'B 
Hero,— H BDHjicfl cjiesan^ncHCfl rjiasRaicE vh xoHKie mrpHXH sa- 
nBcoiEH. ^lexa^ cb bhahaoutb saTpyAnemeMi, ohb A&^Ke mepe- 
jmm> ryfiaHB, Kpacn&i'B, Hanpflrancfl, ho Bce-xaRH AO^nxaJTB, a 
KorAa AOHHiaJTB, to noJioacHJi^B na ctojtb h ycxpeiciurB na KanH- 
XDHa JtyKaBO-npoHmtaieJiBHuft BsrjiflAi. 

— 3re, 6parbl— CRasaJTB ohi, — Aa axo hh 6ojQ[%e he jcenie 
EaKi> 6HJi9Ay. 

— BaJieAy?— yAHBHJica RanHTOHB, — bto hxo ae xaKoe? 

— BBJid;i;y? Hy, KaKi Te6£ o6i>flCHHTB? CsaseirB TaKb, 
npocxo: jiio6oBflafl sanHCRa! 

— BoH^ OHO HTo! Oil Roro ae sanHCRa-io? 

— A yiBi^h 3T0 HHRorAa ne nHmeicH. Oco6a ara... ny, RaRi 
Te6% CRasaxii: anoHHiTBl 

— ^a HTo OH-B nnmeTB-io? 

— He o»s, a ona! 3xo Ai^o aencRoe. <3KeHn^Ha HEmerB. 

— KaRaff ae xaRaa aenn^HHa? 

— Hy, MBJio jm htb!— npeHe6peaHxejDbH0 oxosBaJica IIop- 
$Hpifl, — a npoHHTaxB, oinero ae, — a npowy! Cjiyraaft! 

Ghah, om> nmpoRO pasciaBHorB Horn, noJioanjTB jhorth na 
cxoJi'B, h, A^paa sanHCRy bb h^roxopobtb oxAaJieniH, nanajTB: 
cMoft RyMnpB*! 

— 3x0 Hxo ae xaRoe: cRyMHp'B>? — cnpocHJix Kbhhxoh'b. 

— KyMEpii? Hy, hto RyMnpi, wo hjojtb— Bce paBHo! — 
oC-BflCHFJit riop^HpJi. 

— TaHTb 3X0 Hxo ae ona,— pyraexca? 

IIop<|Hpifi noBepHyju-B kb neiiy rOJiOBy, oxpH^axeJ[BHO noRa- 
"laJiB eio H, He oxb^^h, npoAOJiaaJn^: 



BOPipj. ^83 

cMoft KyUHp'Ll 

SL RjnHJia Bamy RapiOHKy, npHnuia aomoA^ h ciajia e^ jik)- 
€oBaTBCfl! Kasofi bu RpacHBBift, ifysecTBeHHufll RaRaA y Bacb 
BeJiHKOJiinHaH rpy^B, Rasie ynpyrie, Mory^e HycRyjiii! CRyjuBirropi 
uovh 6u cirljio JiinHTB cb Bacb CTaiyK). H RaRoe y Baci> npiJiT- 
Boe, BlacHoe Jinito! A dXH rjiasa! HaB'^pHO ohh nepHue? SI xaRi. 
jih)6jik) HepHHe rjiasal Axi, CaiccoHOBi, hto Bm CA^JiajiH co 
MHOK)! H BJiK)6jieHa bb Bacb, noHEHaeie, BJooSjieHa TaR's chjebho 
H CTpacTHo, ^To HenpeM^HHo xo^y bbaiItb Baci, roBopHTB cb 
Bann! IIpHxoAHTe nocjii-saBTpa, vb cpe^y, bx JI^thIA cvtb. £[ 
<5yAy acflaiB otb 3 ao 4 h. nonojiyAHH; nflTaa CRaneftRa cnpasa 
orB BxoAa CB Ha6epemHoft, na rjiaBHoft ajuiei. OCosaioii^aA 
BacB— Z>. 

Ho IIop^Hpifi, BiiicTo cHRCBi npoHSHecB: €6jiiyAHA> H 6po- 

CHJEB SaOHCRy Ha CTOJTB. 

— ^TO, HTO? — BOCRJIHRHyjIl EanHTOHB. 

— Hnqerol IIoAnHcn HirB, ctohtb CyRBa! — OTsi^aJTB IIop- 
^Hpift,— Aa HaicB h SHaiB ho ejskeo: rto as* RioI BjiyAHfl, — 
OAHO cjioBo! HarjuiA^cfl a Ha hhxi no pecropaHauB-Toi KorAa 

TH nojiy^HJiB ary i^HAyJiRy? 

— He noMHK), Hop^nplft Hjibh^b, aojtsho na nponaoft ho- 
A'bjui. 

— Xe, xe! H ho nomejuB? OiJin'iHo! 

Hop^Hpift bshjui ApyryK) sanncRy h Ha^ajTB ee HHxaTB npo 
cg6a. 

— Hy, Ast!— CRasaJTB ohb,— no^epKB totb me! SBCajiyeTca, 
BHHiB, qio He npHmeiTB! PeBHyeiB! Axi^ 6jiyAHn, 6sjkpb\ 

Biopaa sanHCRa nojueT&ia na ctojtb. Hoplaplft bbajib ipeiBio. 

— A 8Ta yarB npjiMO npeAJnaraeiB h RBapTHpy n ctojtb h 
fiCflRoe yAOBOJSBCTBie! Aojurho BAOBa? TaRB h octb! Huib tu: ca 
coBepmoHHO CBo6oAHa h OAHHORa>... OAHHORa— hah bb Mona- 
CTBrpB, na ^epnyio paCoiy, sHpB cCasjuift, — a ona — fijiyAHTi! 
AxB, mejiBHU, mejiBMu! 

— 3a ^To TBI HX'B pyraemB, Hop^Hplft Hjibhtb? 

— 3a ^To! A no TBoetfy no fojiobr^ hxb, ^o jih, tji^htb? 
cBjiyAH, MOJiB, 6jiyAH, HaTyniRa»! H^tb, 6paTBl H xopomo aio 
A Te6i CRasy, hto th no macaHOMy ne ropasA'B h na fijiyAH- 
jiHn^e na dro ne nomejTB! H 6e8B Te6ji laHB H37» Bamero Cpaia 
ecTB AOCxaTOHHO. HaBHAaJicfl h na CBoeicB B^Ry! H RaRB botb 
TaRyio HaAymeHHyK) miyHRy yBHAnniB,— Hop^HpiS cb OMepst- 
hIbmb OTcyHyji'B otb ce6A sannco'iRH,— xaRi h SHaeniB, ^lo 
RpoMi naRocieft nn^ero laifB h^tb! He juoShjib h aioro hh- 
RorAa, — HOJiOAB 6£U[b, — ne jiio6hjib, a lenepB h noAaBHo! 
Costh! 

— JIaAHol Be^epoMB comry! — oiBiiaJiB KannroHB, crpe6aa 
•sanHCOHica n npn^a nxi bb romoa'b noAB saiioRB. 



184 P7G0E0B BOFATCTBO. 

Ho owb Bt xy s&e MBHyiy CKasajix ceCi, ^to aioro HHKorA^ 
B6 6y^eTii. Ero MBislfl o&b dTHXi* <6HJieAy» h ]iflMdLXi>j imcaB- 

IDH^C^ £11, 6£TJDE AIS^G^PHJIBHO BpOIBBOOOJIOSBU MH^HiK) Ilop- 

iJIa;iHo*! — AyMani KanHTOHi», — «noftJIa8apa, ciapHft xpintf 
TaKTj R leSfl H nocjiymaJi'B! CocxapHJicfl— o MOHacTBip-i saroBo* 
pirji%, a Mojiojiod— noAH TO^e He Majno EypajiecHJi'L! H nasBafiie to 
KaKoe CKaaajB'L: «dHJieAy>! IIoHflTie to, SHawTi, gctb! Toaie, 
rjiajiE ^u% Bx 3y6u, CTapHMi ncaiiii. 

— A bottj ^to a Te6i CKaaty, KanHTOH'b, — HnKHxa Haa- 
HM^i Ba Te6H El ofiHA*^!— HanajTb IIop^Bpifl. 

— 3a ^To, nop$Hpift Hjilh^t»? 

— CaMi> BiiaeniB sa ^xo! Hh pasy se samejii, He xo^enib 
yBa^axE cxapQKa! 

— HeKor^aj IIop$Hpift Hjibh^T)! 

— TojuKyfl: tflCKorAaU ManyTKy to mofb 6h yjiyHHTB. Oh'b 
TeCi, casii aaaemB,— KpoM* Ao6pa... 

— 3aaro, Hop^npift Hjibh^i, h ohghb qyBCTByio. FocnoAE!, 
HiKHTa UndiBui'h mh% bm^^cto OTi^a poAHoro! BaflAy, Cesopc- 
HiHHO 3a]&;iy! KaicB aael 

— Ciaparo safiHBaTB He nyxHO, rooiyCraK'B, bopb hto! Jie- 
roBBKO norposHJi'B najiBi^eM'B nop({»npift,— HOBoe to TaR'B oho bcb 
xopomo A^ nplHTHO, a OTRyAa oho, dxo HOBoe to abhjiocb? Hsii. 
cxaparo! Boxt uxo! JIioah, jiioah! 3xi-xe-xe! Hy, a noftAj! Ocnafii^ 
^To-To! BoAKa aia y ie6a KpinKaa, myxx ee noCepHi IIoftAy' 
CnacH6o ea yroiqeHBHl Ilpon^a&I 

IIop(|iHpiA mnjTb EOxejiORi, noa^ajTB cjia6ofi, cxapnecKofl pyKoft 
Mory^yio pjEy KanHXOHa h, cJierRa sanjiexaacB Horaini, yAannjica* 

KannxoHB fimcrpo noAomeoi'B rx» ROMOAy, Aocxajii sanncoHKH 
E ci ^aAHocTLio Hanaji-B pa36HpaxB h HsynaxB no^epKB. 

TaRi 0011. OHO ^xo! Eny nncajin sceHn^nHu! He OAHa, a ab^, 
a MOHcert Chtb tpn, ^exHpe. SHanHxi), axo npaBAa, ^xo eny pas- 
CKasHBaJiH KpyKCb, AIJ[aHX0B^, JIbbobi h MHorie Apyrie. Ohe 
axBHx iBaciajiBCB, a owb, ajp^'b, MOJi^a BBicJiymBBaji'B bxi^ 
HoxBaJiBCy H opHiaJTB po80Bue ROHBepxBRH noAi) saicoRiiI Ilpa- 
xajit,— KorAa axi HyxHO 6ujlo AepacaxB na BHAy, — icaRi Bci axa 
rocnoAa A^P^arb Kapxo^RH cbohxx* JHo6oBHB^^, — HyatHO 6hjio 
ooKasyBaTb bai'l aiE sanncRB, RaRionn noRasuBaiorB cboh axxe- 

CTaXMj AHOJIOMBI, MGAaJIH, Ry6RB, BiHRH! B^AB 3TH sanHCRH— rl 

^e aTxecxaTH, snaHBX'B peRJiaMa, a peRJiana— Bce! Hixi, xenepb 
xo yjKx owb Ee SyAexi TaR'B rjiyni! BorB oHi pasjioatBXB bxi. 
Ha 3T0 ^^^P^opc^Boe fijuoAAe, Ha cbmobtb BHAy, h nycTB Bct 

HpBXOAHXTi, HBTaiOTB B SaBBAyiOTl! A eCJIB BXX) flaROHBTCfl HHOXO? 

Jl^eCHTOKi, AB^» TpH A©cflTRa! 01 BapcyROB-B nepBBifl jionnerB ot-b 
aauHcra! II ox^ero obi ne am'b TOTqaci R0My-HB6yAB... By, nep- 
BOMy HonaBmeMycji sBaROMOMy npo^BTaTB bte 3anECRE, othoio^ 



BOPHH. 185 

HaKOHeA'L, C9iX!h He A&^'B ce6i TpjAa uocuKbih nacB, ny abe Han's 
pa36opoMTi sanHCRH h Buicos^HTb H8i> Hen cyTB: ^acB, h'Icto 
CBHAania; sa^ini ohb laKt rjiyno, no Afacra 6e3ne«iHO oiHecca 
iC'L HHifB? EcJin 6h owb nomejTb Ha CBHAanie... ny, xotb cbtoA 

^CB060AfiOft, OAHHOKOft*... Kb Hopiy TOFAa dxa Me6jIHpOBaHHaH 

KOMHaxa k TpeBoxnaa, HeoCesneienHaa shshb, n owb 6u mofb 
yaacHTB xorsa laKX, keki* atHByxi KpyKC^b q AxjiaHTOBi! 0, ^y- 
paKi, AypaKx! 

KanHTOHi cxljiBJL'b emfi marb snepeA'B no nyxH, na roto- 

POMI CTOflJU'B, H npOSpijIl, Ha 3T0TX paSB,— KaKT. 3T0 TtlCTO 6h- 

Baerb cb juoabmh, — na coCcxBeHHOfi €omn6Ri>. 

Ho cyAbfii yroAHO 6hjio npeAOcxaBHXB eny cjiy^aft nonpar 
BHXB ee. Repeal irlcjiQi uocjA nocin^enifl IIop^Hpui, RanHiony 
npeACxoflJia 6opB6a bt> cHobom'b 3j[BAopaAO» cb oahhmi> hsi cepBes- 
Huxi CBonxi) npoxaBHEKOBB — SpyRcoM'B. 3xa 6opB6a AOJUsna 
6uJiia 6hxb cpininxeju»HOK)> nocji'l nepBuxi AByxi^ b^ RoxopHxi* 
KpyRCB^ ccHJiaacb Ha pasHBifl cjiy^afinocxH, ne npHsnajiB ce6H 
no6'i»A6HHBiMi>. Bi cynv30cxE HHHero noAo6Haro ne Cbijio, ho 
anxpenpenepy OnofiROBy nyjEHoCujuo csaxflHyxb*, crojelbro mo:rho 
pasorpixb HHxepeci ny6jiHRH, npnBjieHB ee bb orpoMHOM'B rojih- 
^ecxsl, n Bd xpoe: 6opAH h OnoftROB'B bohijih bx cxa^Ry« XpH- 
caH$B TepenxBH^B bi cxaHRy ho Bcxynnji-B, ho OMy 6hjio nopy- 
Heno cocxaBHXB a^Hmy no sapanie HaMi^ennoMy naiany n ohi> 
Aajiii BOJiK) CBoeny xajiaHXJKBBOMy nepy, bx pesyjiBxaxi nero na 
yrjuaxi yjamb noflBHJuacB rpoifaAHaa, i^Bixnan atj^nma ci H8o6pa- 
saemewh AByxi* 6opH)n^nxc^, xojicxbtx'b My^iHHi> n H3Bini,aBmafl 
noHxeHHiftniyK) nyfijiHRy, hxo cxoxa r. KpyRCB n 6uJVh nosep- 
^cen-B r. CaMCOHOBSMi, no, oCbachah axo x^mb, hxo (mh* ocxy- 
jmjicRy — noxpe6oBaj[i'B peBanma. T. CaiicoHOBB cBBponlefi corjia' 
CHJicfl na peBanmi), Roxopufi n 6yAexi> npeACxaBjiaxB nocjiiAHK)K)^ 
pinmxeJiBHyio 6opB6y 6e3'B oGosHa^enLa cpoRa, ao rbx.'h nopi, 
noRa OAHnB hsi hpoxbbhhrobb^ 6yAy^H noBepjReHHUM'B^ ne roc- 
nexca o6ohmh njie^aiui nojia». 

]ifi OAHHHaAi^axn nacoBB nyfijiHRH, necMOxpn na bcbbosmojr- 
HBiH npHHaHRH, — 6hjio ohohb Majio, H BApyTB BecB caAB nepe- 
aojiHHjiCH eK). Baojib 8a6opa bbicxpohjihcb p^A^ aRHna^efi; hs-b 
HHXB 6oJiBmnHCXBo 6hjio coCcxBeHHJbix'B. Bb jioJsaxB a nepBHxi 
M^cxaxB CHA'i^ spHxejDi, o6BrRHOBeHHO HHRorAa ne nocin^aBnue 
He xojiBKO cdjuBAopaAO*, no BOo6n^e HHRaRHXi caAOBii. 3xa ny6- 

JEHRa; BT> HHCJii ROXOpoft 6bIJI0 HHOFO AEMl, Hpl'i^XaJia nCEJUO^H- 

xejiBHO nnA 6opB6u. 

IIoABJieHle Rannxona bi poaoBOin* xpnRO 6ujlo hpeb'^tcxbo- 
^ano paAOCXHUMB ABHsenieiii xojinH^ n Bb dxoirB CRasajiacB ea 
CHMnaxifl ri 6opiiur< 

HaqaJiacB 6opB6a. Tyxi y«e ne 6hjio cxa^RH, — see paBHO, 
BB 8xoxi» xpexift pasx Rxo-HH6yAB jsflJLSR&Bb 6hiJLb 6bixb noC"^- 



IH^ nCOBM BOfAlCIBO. 

f>o MijioLtjm wzjMJMMZ KasROBa^ Bopite anHjaac^' 05a npo- 
tv^saca jcfajni; Kppxrk jxa aaun aaxHunca. nnrcpen 
qm^Adl <^£m«08exen Jio auccnaftiiiet tovh. Bjtpyn EazmoEv 
a^va pjiujM o6xBarajr& nporaBBXia oaxi, — ynoipiBfiAji apieirL^ 
0a^iffsa^iiiifi <la ceiotore de deni^e>, — npanoxHaxB ero o;[^oe) 
fnrioio, ApfrjTfO oojioaQUi Kpyxcy Ha m^o, ■ wpen ceEfHjiy 
Kp)fK€% jexaxi o6oeme ue^aiCH ea noay. 

3piy^rM0 p^pMBAECb 6jpHinfH aluoxacMeHrau. Buxo;^ aa 
fiUMimi^ KaiuiTOfli jBHjrtjrby aaxi sn Jon crtaa cnjiBinaja 
0^ nod oAua xopomeEbKaa 6piOHeixa q>ej|HaxB jrtn nainyja any 
UJinTftr/ux. Ofl^ noaaoHHiiCH eft. 

Bopi^a jTOMHaa ero. Paaropa^eHHuft, Taaceao ^um^, or& 
fjucKTjpo oepeoAtacfl, Hacaopo pacnpomiaicfl co sHaaoMMMH h no- 
cuimm% ii% buxoaj un cajia. ToJina sanpyxiua Biixa^; Eanfi* 
torn iipiocmnoBBJicJi c^ i^iibio nepexA^Ts h sxpyrB no^y&cr&o- 
H^yfj^, ^Ki' Hhsi TO pyaa aocHyaacs ero jioeth. Ohi odepHjica. 
lI6|>o;l^ HHiTB CTOHJia vb pocKonmoiTBy onymeHHOM^ jiopornai, 
Mixoft^^ vaifTO Ta caicaa 6pH)HeTRa, Roiopaa icaxHyjira emy ujiaT- 

— Ilumajiyftcia, monsiear, nposoAHie MeHa xo aKHnaxa!— cEa- 
9ua oaa. 

~ ILmojibie! Gi yAOBOJibCTBieiTB! — OTB^^ajTb EanHioE'B, 6epa 
oo noA'L jtyKy H npoTajiKHBaacB qepesi TOJmy. 

Ha TjioTyap^l cjiobho Bupoci Ed-b-uoKh seKsm nocMJiBHMJI, 

— Itutui) dKHnaxx SA^Cbl IIoflcajiyftTe sa MHOftl^CEaaajiL oh'b. 
KatitiToiii AyMaJii»» HTO nesHaKOMRa noaaHerb ero. Ho oBa 

Kpbinco, ;ia}Ke cjihoiromi apinao A^psajia ero sa py£j. 

y T[H>Tyapa cToajia aapeia, sanpajReHHaa napoio clpMxi> pu- 
canoitb. ITocujibHiaft oTRpuJix ABepi^y, jifiMdL noAo6paJia ojiaiBe e 
orjunyjuicb ua KaniiTOHa. 

— lly, HTO ace? — caasajia oaa tohom'b HOTepniHia. 
KaiiHToiii Bsajii ee noKb pyay, acejiaa noAcawiTb, ho ona 

yXBaTKJtacb sa ero pyay h noTanyjia sa co6oft... Oh^ ne ycuibii 
upaATtt B^ ce6a. aaai o^yiHJica bi MaaenbRoft, AByxirfecTHoft 
uapoTKb. Ak^PU^ xjEoneyjia, aomaAH noAxaaTHJiH h Rapei^, Eas^ 
ua upy}KmIlix^, uanpbiraJia no yxa6ain» moctoboA. 

— UaKi)H0^^-TO Bbi Bsaibi bi naiHi»!— caasajia ji^bmsl. 

IT pa MOJibKaameiTb cB%Tt ^[Kmapeft KamiTOErb saicixajTb^ ito 
iuia 010 upiicrajibQO pasraaAuaaerb. Bi RapeiBi 6izjio h^mhofo 
tIcuo, It u6a OUH caxijiH nae^oirb Kh meHy. 

^ ' )l m 8uaK) aacif cyxapbiHa! — npoSopnoiairb KanaxoH^. 

— * 11 HO Hy:Rao! 3aTlirb aan aaaTb, rto a! JljOBo^bHo toro, 
HTO A jtacb aaaio! A a aaaio Baci» xopomo! Ycatxa aayH^ib,-* 

— KyAa MM ixeiTb? 

'- KouoHHO RO Moi! 3x0 aaci ciiyii;aerB? Raaoft au, o;t,Haao 



BOPi^u. 187 

HQJiio6e8HHftI YsR&CBO HejiioCesHuft. fl nHcajia sairB ABa' pasa, 
HasHanajia CBHAaHla n bh ho hsbojihjih npHXTn! 

Ona roBopHJia ropa^io, cs xeciHRyjiflitieft. 61 RapeiKl chjulho 
naxjio AyxaHH n aiorB 'sanax'L RpyjsHJi'b roJiOBy RanHTona. Oh% 
HyBCTBOBaJTB ce6H RaKii BO CHi. cTaRii 8T0 OHa!» — Ay^ajiocB evy, 

H 0H1» yRpS^ROft C1» JnodonUTCTBOlCB UOTSHJSfiBd^'b Ha 6pH)HeTRy. 

— A TenepB bh moS! H 6yA6Te mohitb, noRa a Baci h6 
BunynQrl roBopsuia A&ica, — Moe noBOAeHie RaseicA Bam CTpaH,- 
HuifB? %o A^ATby ecjm HHqero APyroro a He Morjia npHAyMaib! 
J[io6oBB He pasfiHpaerb cpeACiBL, a a Baci jik)6jik)! Bu axo yaee 
BHaexel JI|a, snaexe? %o se bu MOJi^HTe? BnpoHeirB He Hy:RHoI 
Mni jifissae nirb HaAo6HOCTH snaTB, HHraiox Jin bh moh nHCBiia, 

HpaBJIIOCB JIH a BaiTBl 

RanHTOHy npHxoAHJio bi roJiOBy: ysi ne cyMacmeAinafl jih 3x0? 
IIoxoMi OH'B cxaji'b npHnoHHHaxB pasHHe Heo6HRHOBeHHHe cjiyqaH, 
noxosie na cJiy^aft cb hhitb, RoxopHxi pascRasHBaJiH bb 
RpyatRi axjiexoB-B. TorAa RamaxoH^ He BipmrB h npunncu- 
BdLJTb 9XH pascRasH seJiaHiH) noxBacxaxBCfl hoS^aamh naA'B cb-j^t- 

CRHMH 6apHHflMH, HO BOTB XOnepB CB HHITB HpOHSOniJIO XO 3RQ 

caifoe! Hy, moan'by h oxjih^hoI OAnaRO orB HenpHBHHRH ohii hc- 
HHXHBaJI'B CHJIBHOe CMyHiieHle. 

— IIpaBo, MH% Bce paBHo! bi RaROirB xo JuixopaAO'iHOM'B 
B036ysAeHiH npoAOJotsuma jifiMSk^—a. CBo6oAHa pacnojiaraxB co6ok) 
RaRX xo^y! CBo6oAHa a^^xb, ^0 BSAynaexcH h A^aio! Box^ sl 
yBesjia bbciI Xa, xa! 9xaRoro BejiHRana, 6oraxHpfl; ^ejiOB'iRa, 
no6£2CAaH)n(aro Bcixi, yBOSJua seHn^nna, 6a6a! Ea6a, 6a6a! — 
noBxopnjia OHa h'Icrojibro pasx. 

EanHxoHi MOJi^ajTB. Owb ^yBCXBOBajTB, RaR'B njieno awo^rh 
Bce CHJiBHie n CHJiBHie naacHMaexi na ero hjioto. 

— IIpaBAa, a 6a6a! Enjia saicyxeMi, HeAOJiro, OBAOBijia, a 
xenepB xony jrhxb cnanajia. Cjoimnxe? Xo'iy... jkhxb... xony jdo- 
6hxb ao caH0sa6BeHiH... ao CHepxHl.. 

OnBAHeHHHft efl hhjirhmji pi^aMH, oxyHaHenHHft Ay^oxoft, 
BanaxoMx Ay^OBi, Cjuhsocxbk) rsifiRaro, ropflnaro sencRaro xijia, 
EanHxoH'B bs^jtb MaJieHBRyio, ysenBRyio, saxflHyxyio bi JiafiEy 
pyHRy H hhcxhhrxhbho csaji'B. 

— Bojibho... 60JIBH0! npomeaxajia A&MO'iRa, oxRHAHBaacB Biy 
rJiy6B RapexH h npHHHRaa rojiOBoft Kh njie^y KanHxona, — ho axo 
HH^ero... nycxB... axo xopomo, ^xo 6ojibho... MejihS Moft, RaRod 

XH CHJIBHHft... 0, RaROft XH CHJIBHHfi!.. 



XYH. 

GegxH6pB Hicfli^i s^cxaexi oxAajieHHHA a^^P^ nexep6yprcR0S 
cxopoHH BB caMoiTB HOHpeseHxadejiBHOirB bha6. Ea^eAHeBHHo 



1 



188 PyCCKOE BOfATCTBO. 

jj^oxxH tMyKodHi, ABa, Tpn HaBOABeHia h npespBiejibBoe otho- 
ineHle Kb qHCiorii abop^hkob'b 6orocnacaeKofl mIcthocth — npe- 
Bpan^aiorB CojiBinnHCTBO HeMomeHHKX'B yjmifB bi> 6oJiOTa — npliorB 
cBHHefl B AOMamHBX'b yTOKi>. AHRie noKa He p'imaioTca npncoe- 
AHHHTBCJi Kb posHHaH'B H neiSiVb BucoKO Ri> noAHe6ecBK) lyAa..* 
TyAa... «wodie Zitronen blilheni.ILiyTaJiOBa yjuai^ay He scejiaa hh* 
MiM'B oTJiH^aiBca OTi CBOHX'b cociAOKi, Tose HocTeneHHO npe- 
BpamaeTc;! b% 6ojioto. CaAHKn, pacnoJio:KeBHHe npn Aonaxi aioft 
yjiHiiu HaHHHaiorB JiuciTB cb 6ucTpoTOK), He yciynaionteH) 6iiCT- 
])OTb o6jiuctHLH roJiOBK RaRoro-HB6yAB HenyieBaro syHpa. Bi- 
'jepi) noAnHMaeTi hxi nosejiT^Jiue j^ctba, npocunaerB hxi Ha 
AupaBue, K0Jie6jiK)ni,Iecji moctkh h noKpuBaerb nun noBopxHocrb 
6oJiOTa. 06Ha:KeHHi)ie otb seJieHaro y6opa, noKpHBHBmiecH, bu- 
i^Biiniie AOMa IIJiyTajiOBOfl yjmjsfi^jioxopflTb Ha p^Au HHBajiH- 
aOb1> Ha CMOTpy: y KaxAaro ecTB RaR0ft-HH6yAB a^^Rti, RaRaa- 
iiH6yAb Boniion^afl, ocRop6ji2ion;aA nyBCiBO acTeiBRfl h CHMMerpm 
iiorpimHOCTB B'B ^acaA^, b nyTb jib ne Bci ohu na rocxbijuix'b. 
A AOSAB-MyROcift TaRi b cieTi b MopcRofl, HeyroMOHHuft 
B^Tepi TaRi B pBerb, TaRi>B6icHyeTCfl, CJIOBHoco6BpaeTCAOROH- 
1aTeJlI>Ho nop'i^niHTB Cb AOMaMB-BBBaHBAaMB. Ho OHB SBByqBy 

:)TB HHBajiBAHy B He TOJiLRO caiiB JKBByrb ce6^ Aa SflByrb, a 

IIOA'B CBOBMH AIJp^BUMB RpumaMB JSfiJOTb B HpiiOTB H TCHJIO MHO- 

Tmii> Hacioflnpiiii BBBajiBAaui qejnoB^^ecRofl nopoAu. 

Crbosb sanujieHHyK), SBARyio sejieHB repaHH b ojieanApa ne- 
yAanpuft 6opeit'B b^b »b8hb rpa^'B AnaTOJilfl IleTpoBBH'B Vub- 
SOBl CMOTptJIl Bl ORHO CBOoro Ra6HHeTa Ha A3op'b. 

IIojiOBHHU npBcxpoftRB H^rB,— oHa ymjia na tohjibbo, no- 
aTOiiy e^e nyn^e sapocmlfi TpaBOio Asopi cb jifijuA TpynaiiB- 
ABJiBjRaHcaMB coBC^Mi jsLQ HOxoABTb Ha HycTfiipB. raaoAHUO 
i paHB B BopoHBi in^eiHo pacxasBBaiorB no aroiiy nycTHpio; boc- 
uoK) OHB xacRajiB Mo^ajiy bsi rosoji'b ABJOuRaHca, TenepB bm-b 
HO AO rH'IsA'B, xo^erca ^ctb, a ^tb Henero. 

— fjiynaa niBi^al Aynaerb rpa^i,— b ^ero ohb TyrB Bop- 

TflTCfl? EcTB RpUJIBfl — JieXB, BBIB Ce6i^ HpOROpMJieHiHl 

noTOM^b eny npBxoABTb bi roJiOBy, iro, Moserb 6HTb, yacB 
;)X0 6biJio. M&jKerb 6hxb bxh BopoHH o6jieTlJiB jificoTKH Bepcrb^ 
uBFAi ne HaxoABJifl hbh^b, a xaRBx^b sue RaR'b oiA caicB, roJiOA* 
iiuxi> BopoH'b, B BepnyjiBCb ri> nicxy, ta^ bhpocjib. Abocb^ 
MOJTb, xyxi HX0-HB6yAb en^e nepenaAen- 

HcxoAH flsx axofl mucjih, rpa^i A^aexx jiorB^ecRoe saRJiio- * 
^OHie no oxHomemio Kb canoMy ce6i. H oh^, bi cyn^HOCXB, xa 
:Re BopoHa: Jiexajiii, no BceHy CBixy Jiexajii, b Aasce ho RaK'B 
BopoHa, a RaR'b corojui jiexaji'b, a npnjiexijii Kb MaJiaHB^ Ocb- 
noBH^, Ha nyciupb. 

— %o, 6pax*b, He HpaBHica?— roBopHrb cairb ce6i rpa^i*,— 
Hy, RaR^ xe6i 6yAex^ yroAHO, a xojibRo axo B%pHo! OCn^Hnan- 



BO?nu, 189 

HUiTB A^se npHnerijrBl Bi^^ tbi, apt^b MOft, AHaTOJuft Heipo- 
BHHi», definitivrement oCn^anaHi no Bctirb CTaT&AirB. 

rpa^'B OTpuBaeiCH otb oRHa h noflxoAnrb ki cTOJiy. Ha 
CT0jr6 B^eTsepo cjioseHHUft jihctb 6yMarn. CoAepsKanie dtoft 6y- 
MarH RpaiRO h rpa$i sHaen ero HaHsycn, ho ohi, BceTasH, 
pasBepTiiBaerB jracTi h ^UTaerB: 

cOxRJioHeHO... sa HeHaxoacA^oleM^ bi a^ji%... 

— ^oprB SHaerB! Bop^mii rpaij^'B, RaRoft y ehxi cjion! cSa 
HeHaxosAe-HleirB>! Jl^oJiacHO 6utb uHHOBHBRau'B o^ohb npiAiHO 
co^HHHTB laRiH 6yHarBL. Jl^a h hto TyrB co^hhatb? tSa nenaxoK- 
AOHleiTB BB A^^— OTRjuoH^HO...! H maCaiirBl Boo6pasaK) aiaRoe 
RyBmHHHoe piiJio cb hocobtb bi BHA^b 6pK)RBU, CB HepHoft no- 
BHSRoft Ha BSAyioft n^eR'i, ROTopoe, crochb'b rjiasa, buboahtb cb 
HacjiaHAeHieirB: €OTRJi:oHeHO>! Y, qep-pTnl.. 

IlepeA'B ne^ROft, rA'i TjriiorB h nBm^aTB cupuH ApoBa, bu- 
THHyBi nepeAHiH Jiann h nojioacHBi na hhx'b roJiosy jiesnTB emfi 
<$OJrle nociap'bBinift h HCxyAaBmift RopH^neBBift necB. 

Fpa^i) caAHTCH na AHBani h aojito Ha6jiK)Aae'rB TJi%H)nti;i 
ApoBa H co6aRy. Bb ROMHarb TeMH'ieiB, h ottofo RaseicH, 6yA- 
to ApoBa HaHHHaioTB pasropaTBCfl. BcnHXHBaton^ifl hojiocrh csi- 
Ta nepeCiranxTB no npoiepTOMy nojiy, AOCTHraiorB hosorb CTyjia, 
Ha ciiH^ Ha^HaiorB 06pHC0BUBaTBCA t^hh. a ASkJiBHie yrjm ROM- 

HaiU, ORHO H 6e8MOJIBHaH, CJIOBHO SaCTHBHiaH Ha AHBSffli A^HH- 

Hafl ^Hrypa rpa^a — yace bo tbitI. 

FocnoAH, RaRafl CRyRa, RaRan crpanmafl, HensSuBHaa CRyRa! 

— Ceorapi! 

EopnveBufi necB BSAparnBaoTB, MOAJieHHo, Hexora hoahh- 
vaeicH, noTHrHBaexcH, s^BaerB h, ne cnima, hoaxoahtb rb 
xosaHHy. 

— C6orap'B, fohb-jui-juiI 

Cxapuft necB BCRaREBaerB na AHBaHB, phaoitb cb xosahhomb; 

H 06a HaHHHaiOTB CB TOCROK) CMOTpilB Ha TJlilO^Ui fifiOBfi. 

— Sri y BacB RaRaa TeneHBl He AoraAaexecB jiaHny sacBi- 

TETbI — ^rOBOpHTB, HOflBJlflHCB BB ABOp^rB, TOJICTafl SeHCRafl $H- 

rypa. 

CjiumeHB sByRi cxeRJua, nnpRaen cHH^Ra h na nHCBMeHHOirB 
cxojui HaHHHaexB pasropaxBCH Jiaifna. 

— MaxaHBii OcHHOBHa, a nponan^ift hojiob^rb! pasAaerca ch 
AHBana,— a h C6orapB mh o6a HHRyAa neroAHNe, ciapHe hch. 

— CCorapB AoiTB RapayjiHTB! Ho Ho^aiTB jiaexB. HpomjiyK) 
HOHB Jiafljii, JiaHJiB — HaAoiJTb Auce! 

— H TaRB, BU OTAaeie npeHMyn^ecTBO C6orapy? BipHO h 
BHOJrai cnpaBeAiiHBoI 

— He^ero :RajiocTHua cjioBa roBopHiBl HaAcv^Jio cjiymaxB' 

rOBOpHTB MaJiaHBA OcHHOBHa. 

— %o ace A^naxB, ecjin a ne yirtio jiaaxB! 



100 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— A Hy Bact, npaBo! Aofipo/^ynrao CH^erca TOJiCTaa MaaaBBs 
OcBnoBHa,— Bu^ynmBKi), npaBO BHfljMimiKi! Sanpaxe ko saMHoio 
jrsepB, n sa caiapom cCiraio, €axapi> bgcb Bumejrb! Uwrh nio 
TO xo^eicii. 

— A mh4 zo^erca HamiTBca! 

^- BofL en^e hoboctb! Ha RaRie-Tasie EannTajiH? 

Mdjran&js OcEuoBHa CEpuBaerca 3a ABepBX). Ppa^ BCiaerb n 
BA8Ti> cji'Iaom^. CSorapi npoB02saerb ero CRynjiEBUirB BsrjiaffoirB. 

Ba KpHJiBz;^ rpa$^ eaM^HaeTB Hsanparo MOJuoAoro wJiOB'itRa^ 
pacKJiaBHBaioii^arocA cb MaJiaHBefl OcnnoBHOfi. 

— HaiTb! BocEJiBAaeTB rpa^i, — 9to tei? RaKHicn cy;qb6aKB? 
^To sa MaCKapaAit? 

— fl, flfl^iJi, H, co6cTBeHHoft nepcoHoft! Pardon! 
MojiOAofi ^ejioBiR'B npianoAHnHaerB i^joihap'b bo cjh^vb jjlb.- 

MH^yj^e^cR MajraHB^ OcianoBHi, o6HHMaerb crapHRa h Bocejo, 
MOJiojio xoxoHeT'L, o6HapysHBaH Asa p^Aa poBEHXii, (5ijiurb EaEi> 
MOjroKO syOoBii, 

— OoHTB Ka^aa Hii6yAB HeAOCTofiHaa asaHTiopa! bophhtk CTa- 
psR'B, npoBo^aEB-L CBOK) ROMHaiy MOJiOAoro ^eJiOB^Ra, A&^^n^^ 
DOJKajiyfl noA% 6aHAepoJiBio aaah! majinmB, Moft KHJiuft; Ha^Torii 
past ^irb Moeft SaHAepoJiHl 

— Th yraAajn>, jiajifll roBoparB mojuoao* HanoBfet, buhb- 
Maa cepeCpflHHfl nopTcnrap'B n npoiarHBaa ero ciapHRy, — o^em 
MajieHLKoa e o<Tenb HeBEHHaa aBaHTK)pa! 

— CHrapEi! BocRJiHAaerB crapHRi, 6epa TOJicryio, bt. aojto- 
TOMi o6o;iKt cHrapy, — ny Aa, laRi h octb! Uojij^Tnivb on oma 
AOHBrH, yApaJiii m%. y^HJiBn^a, nepeoA^ca, HaRynBjrB pasHOfl 6e3- 
nojieaEofl ap^^hh m aaiaaca CMyin,ia.TB noROft CTaparo, cypoBaro mq- 
Baxal I],iJiHt p^A*^ npecTynaoBifi! 

CiapHKii saKypHBaerb CHrapy h OTRHAKBaerca Ha cimeKy 
AHBana. 

— 0, A^Ast, AHAfl! BOCRjffli^aerL lOHoma,— 6yAB xotb Tfro^Ky 
cnpaBGAnHB^! 3to aP^hl, wo th RypmnB? 

— HeMHoro KptnRHl SI jik)6jik) hbi cpeAHnxi, 

— Snaiol Ho rbTb ne fiaao. KyAa 3to ona ymaa? 

— MajrasBa OcnnoBHa HSBOJnum Buftnx RynHTB caxapy, 

— 3Ha^HT^, npeACTOHTB irtmaHCRoe ^aeinrrie bi> npHKycKy 
H upMrjraAKy... en deuxl 

— MojiHSLTh, HeroAHHfll He cmM 0CR0p6aaTB a^ak) bi aoktI, 
r^fe OHX HaraeJi'B CBOft npeAnocaiAHift npiiorb! CCorap'B, nocMorpH 
Ba dToro MOJioAoro noB^cy h pinm, He sacayaoiBaerB jm oh^, 
hto6h th OTRycHjn) eny hocb? 

Ho CSorap'B cToaa^ b'b noraxi MoaoAoro neaosi^Ra h, noao- 
^KHB'B MopAy Ha Koaino, yiniaLHo cHOTp&irb na Toro. 

— npeAaTeatcidft necb! BOCRanRHyax rpa$i, — sairtTB, Apyi^ 
^'ot, H<5o TO, TOO a CRaacy, Moatert, — nero ne Aa* Borb, so- 



I 



1 



BOPipi. 191 

He^HO, — npHroAHTBCA CO BpeHeneH'B h T66i. JlyRaBCXBo h npe- 
AaT^jiBCTBO ^BJiHiOTCfl nocjilACTBleiTB JiiiineHift. B'&AHHRH npexa^ 
H)rB Apyri Apyra Ha Ka^AOMi* mary! Cfiorapi yse na dToirb 

CROJIB3R0MI nyTH. Oh'B CBejTb SHaKOMCTBO Cb OAHHMT» A06pOAi- 

TejiBHUMi ABopHHKOH'by HOJiy^aerB orB Hero noAa^KH h npoBOAHTB 

CB HHITB HOHH! 0! 

— 3to ciapo, RaRi Mipi, a^As! ^ a^bhuicb as^bho BciirB 

HBBiCTHO! 

— n dTO TH MHi roBopHmB, HxeHeii'b? 0, tempora, o mores! 
Ha KyxH* ciyRHyjia AsepB. 

— MajiaHBA OcHooBHa? bohpochjtb MOJioAOft ^ojiob^ri, 
~ HaAO HOJiaraTBl 

— Hy, Bi laROMi cJiyHat, Heaaq^Mi TepaiB sojioToro Bpe- 
MOHii! JI^flAH, fl Te6fl npHrjiamaio otoC^a^tb co mhoA! 

— ^pyTB MOft, a OfitAMT*! 

— Bi ROTopoBTb Hacy? 

— B-B ABa. 

— A TenepB meciB! ^ejiOB'^Ri^ nepeBapHBaerB nnn^ bto- 
HOHle HeTBipexi nacoB'B... 

— npH6aBB: ta tbok) nnmy, a^ah, moxho nepeBapHTB bi hoji- 
Topa Haca>l Ho RaRui y toCji rjiy6oRk nosHaHia b'b ^HsioJioriH! 
^oprB B03BMH, OTRyAa cle? HeyaejiH th wTaeniB? 

— Hsi schshb! ^Hxaio RHHry shshhI 

— Xe, xe! MojiOAeiti^ Hhr'bI HoctojS, RyAa se mu uoijifiwb? 

— Ki* Bpnecxy, ffljifA 

— Mhjio, ho... 

Fpa^^ BupasHxejiBHO nocMoip&i'B na CBofl nHA2caRi> h nan- 

XaJIOHH. 

— Mu BOBBMem Ra6HHerB. 

— He AypHol HocTofi, Aay HeHJi, noMHHTCfl, 6ujra sanacHaa 
copoHRa! 

^Tpa^i noAomejL'B ri ROMOAy, nopujiCH b'b fliii[nR%, Aociajn* 
py6amRy n oxnpaBHJiCfl cb hok) sa mnpify, orpaacA^Bmyio "lacTB 
AHBana. 

— BHAHmB :iH, ApyrB Hoft,— npoAOJunaJTB cxapHRi, Ronomacs 
sa nmpMoft b BucoBUBaA hs'b sa nea to oahhb, to Apyroft py- 
RaBi pyCaniRH, — a xaRi ch A^TCTBa BocnHTaHi>. IIoRoftHaa na- 
TymRa roBapsBaJia: «Bce hto xo^emB, n^importe quelle mis^re, 
HO HTo6ii y Te6A BcerAa 6ujih: hhctoo 6%JiBe h canorn 6ed% 
saojiarBiI Hy-CB, TenepB yroBopxI— CRasaJTB rpa^x, buxoah bi 
6iJiocH'l2CHoft py6aniR%,— Ha (j^ixb a corJiaceHB, ho Ha jifi^sh- 
H'Ifimee— hh-hhI TaR'B h snafi! 

— TasTB 6yAerB bhaho, a^A^. 

— HHHero He bhahoI Th AOJraceni AaTB necTHoe cjiobo 6jia- 
ropoAHaro qejiOBiKa, ^to Bce orpann^iHTCfl o64aom1)I ^oprB bosbmh, 
AOJiaceHi see A co(iJiK)AaTB tbok) HpaBCTBOHHocTB, polissoni 



192 PyCCSOB BOrATCTBO. 

— J^Hfla! Hh CJioBa o HpaBCTBeHHOcra! Oaa HenocTpanaaTt! 
Ho, Eartt lecTHHift lejiOBtK-^, h aoj^eHt Te6t CKaaatE, ixo y 
ueHJT ecTK... MajiesBKift njranx... C0Bctin>, coBciiTB HOBHaaufi 
ojiaH'B, KOTopoMi SI Te6t coofimy tojibko 3a o6iAOirB! 

— IIpDTnBTIMii MaJIBHROIRa! 

— ^H^fl, KJifiiiycB Te6i, HTO TjTb HH^ero iriTi npeflocyAu- 
TCJitnaro, 

— Voyons! JI xo^y Te6% b^phtb, h Bipio!* MajraHsa Och- 
noBHal—upHKeyjiT, rpa^t, OTBopaa ffBept bi KyxHio, — nojKa- 
Jiyflre cro^a! 

— Hy, TJTO xaMX eme! 

— MajtaHBH OcHnoBHa, rt» seJUE'iafiineMycoa^ajrlHlH) a js^ojisRewb 
Bae^ noKneytb s ixaiB o6iA&TB ciaTHBTBMOJiOABiBrB "lejioBiROiCB. 

— A AOMoft TO Kor^a Cy^eie? 

— 3to npasAHHt BonpocB, MaJiaHBH OcnnoBHai 

— A Hy BBCb coBciirB!— MaxHyjia pyKOio la h CKptuiacB, 
~ Y/^aBJifliocbl Th noffKynHjn ee tImi HH6yjB? — cnpocHJH 

ciapBirB. 

— nycTjJKn! 

— OlBt'iaft: HTO TH ]ipHBe37»? 

— Hy, KopofiKy KOH^eicrB! IlycTflKHl 

CTapnKx no^^omeJi'B Ri HOJiOAOHy nejiOBiRy h Hopn^HHHCTOft 
pyRod MOJi'ia npDBeJTB no ero, rjiaftso ocTpnseHHoft, rojiOBi. 

^TO JKBj TH rOTOBX, ftflflfl? 

— CoBepmeHno, luieMjmHHqeinbl 

Ouvi BBiQLJiii. C6orapi npoBejTB hxi Jlfl RpujiBEia h, cb TOCROK) 
KopraH rjiasauH, CMOxp'bjrB, RaRi ohh npoxoAHJUi xeiCHUft, nyc- 

TIIHBU& ABOp-B. 

y Boporb mi^ajia npoJieTRa Ha pobhhobhxi rnHHaxi. Jifisanh 
n6pecTajii>, na eeSi noRasaJiHCB sbIsau. Fpa^j^i oiRHHyjica ea 

CnHHECy CHAtHBJ3, [ipOTAHyJIl HOni H CB yAOBOJIBCTBieiTB BAUXaJTb 

cBiatift Bos^^xir, CHOipH B^ajiB Ha ABoftnofl pflA'B ^OHapefl, Rpac- 

HHMM TO'lKaKTH OCB^II^aBinifl 6e8JIH)AHIi[ft RaMeHHOOCTpOBCRift 

npocneKTB. 

y noflii'faAa pecTopana, ocB4^^eHHa^o 3JieRTpH^ecRHMT> ma- 
poiTB, cTOfljia rpynna JiaReeBi — (5oJiBniHHCTBO Taiapi. Oahhb H3t» 
cjryrB, oKaaaBimftca Hop^HpieMi*, cfiiawui'B na necoRi, OTCTernyji'B 
^apiyKi* H noAT* pyRH noMon cofixH rpa$y. 

— IIoJKaJiyflTe, Bame ctoTejiBCTBo!— TOHom rjiySo^aftmaro yfia- 
meniH npoHanecB ofb. 

Cjrh^a aa Ilap^HpieMT*, a^a^ h Hhri nponuiH ^epesi sany 
B'B He6ojiBmofi Ka(5nHerB, BuxoAHBmift oRnaicH bi caA'B. 

— OGtAaib! — cKaBajii Hhr-b. 

C'B oSutHO^ HBTOponJIHBOCTBIOy THXO, CTOneHHO H JIOBRO, IIop- 
(f^HpiH MiuHJTB 6JIK)Aa, H, HaJIHBl Bl 60RaJIB^IHRH SOJIOTBCTarO lo- 

'^Qc6epra, yAOJiiuicfl HesanibTHO, RaRi t^hb. 



BOPHEI. 193 

— Hy, imeifflHHHHeRi, CRaacH mh^ TenepB, ^ro Hosaro bi 
cb%t6I — cnpocHJi'B rpa^i, otiihbi BHHa h OTKnxuBaflCB na cnnHicy 
jpiBafla* 

— Mapyca buxoahti 3aMy«i. 

— BoTTb KB,Kb\ 3a Koro ae? 

— 3a BiipHAKaro. 

— KaBajieprapAa? 

— BiTh. OffB HB'B fJA&IOB'Bl. 

— Al He 3HaK) laKoro! Bparb Toro? 

— KyseHi. ^ojiOBiR'B cb xopomHirb nojuosenieirb* 

— JIfij HO dTO, BceraRH, He to, o neirb ona H^RorAa Men- 
Tajia. 

— Ohh jno6HTh jjpyrb Apyra! 

— A madame Fidonc, Bce eni^e cnHpHTsa? 

— J[fl^ HOMHOXKO! 

— RaKi HeifHOSRO? OHa bch 6£uia bo BJiacTH cnHpHXOB'b. 

— TenepB ona saHEMaercfl noasieft. 

— %o Tu roBopHoiB? ILimerb cthxh? 

— J(al CHMBOJCHHecRlel 

— KaRie?— -ci rjiyCoRHiTB ypffiJieHieirb BonpocHJTB rpa^'b. 

— GHHBOJIHHeCRlel 

— ^To ORe 9T0 sa cthxh? 

— OqeHB SByHHiie... RpacHBiie... ciTaRHifB, neiiHoscRO crpan- 
HHirb coAepacaHieiTB... TenepB dTo bi moa$. 

— ^a HTO TaRoe? OCbhchh mh^, nosaJiyftCTal 

— JlyHme Bcero 6iiJio 6u ^po^HTHpoBaTB, ho a ho homhio 
AH OAHoro* TpyAHO sanoMHHaioTCfl! Bhshhib-jih, 9to A^xaercfl 
TaRi: UH co6HpaeMca HHorAa, y tante Dorothy hjih y MTpnit- 
RHxi, hjih en^e y Roro-HH6yxB, ny... h na^omaeirB cohhhhtb. Sto 
HH6yAB CRaserb CTpoHKy, tojibro nenpeiriHHO, ^o6ii aro Siuio 
opHTHHajiBHO... KpjToA CRaseTb emie CTpo^Ry... H cohcbwb ho 
HftAO, ^To6ii HeaRAy hhmh 6wai, RaRaa-HH6ysB cbabb.. IIpocTo 
TaRBl.. Xa, xa! H TenepB BcnoMHHJTB: RaRi-TO UHt mjijmuioch 
nycTHTB Bupaacenie: tibxh Moeft ;Qmni». 9to npoHSBeJio $y- 
popi! 

— cMixi ;^mH>l Ilocjiymaflfy ^a bh bc% cyMacmeAndel — 
BOCRSHRHyjn rpa^'B. < 

— Hy, BOTB emfij xflftal KaRie cyKacmeAmIe! IIpocTO TaRiI 
GorJiacHCB, b^ab sto opHrnnajiBHO? IIpaBAa, opHiHHajiBHO? 

— OpHTHHajiBHOCTB, jspjiTb Moft, HO fflJixadL HCRjno^aTB s^pa- 
Baro CMUCJua! Hjih bh npocTO fjpmxrechj Tor^a Bon BacB 

npOCTH, HJIH BH Ch JUh COmJIHl 

— Hy, ROHOHHO, MH MHoro Aypa^iHMCfl, HO y Fidonc octb 
npeMHJiuji Bemn^RHl 3HaemB, ona 6eperb RaRoe-HH6yAB nacTpoe- 
Hie... Tro-HH6yxB cMyrHoe, ^HTacTH^ecRoe, 6e8i> Bcjucoft mucjih, 
GesB BcaRaro coAepaRamji... bto 6uBaeT:B y Rasnaro ^ejioB^Ra... 

M 4. OnAn I. 13 



194 pyCXROB BOrATCTBO. 

— ^a, HO ^ejroB^n oSpan^ieTca m noiiomuo r*^ BxpaBOUT 
CMHcny H QpH DocpeACTB^ ero HsrraAerb 88% roaiOBU ^ynal 

— Sai'j^Hx, ecJiE 3Ta Hjmb EpacHBa^ noaTEHsa, ecjiH oaa xM- 
CTByerb na ^yBct&o? HanpHM'bp'B, axon 6ojasaoA 6oKajrB« Brjui- 
jqicb Bx Hero, He naxojiMinL-jiH th, ^to b'b ero xooiCTOirB 6pioinEi, 
B-h rpaHM, Bi noAcxaBK*,— ecTB tto-to caiioyBipfflHoe? Fidonc 
laEii cefi^aci> 6£i h Eaimcajia: ccaiioyBipeHHHft 6oKaja, tu Qm- 
memB rpaHBio Mipo3;^anBJil> Hjoi hto HH6yx^ b% aroifb poffi! 

— CEa^KEj noazaJiyflcTa/ Korxa ee ompaBJurbHa IIheo B^ty? 

— Sa'iibM'B? Haj^iax'B OHa BHBfycKaerB ctSopHncb cibxobl... 
^jui CBOHX^, KOHeiHol 3x0 6yxen wbuo yAHBHxejiBHoe! 

— HanpEM'bpi>? 

— Bo^nepayx'B, na BejraKOJiiiiHOft, HUcexra-poBOBOft Korat- 
GRoft 6yHaii H o^eHL yseHbRaa, ksbbbba KHHastca. dro moahoI 
BHHLeTEa TaKaa: roiiaa AiBymKa Ha CKajr& 6pocaen bi 6e8wy 
noEptiBanO; a bii rbno ^^ByniRH co Bcirb CTopoH'b BOHBaiOTca 
6JiecTJin^ie, xoHEie mrpHZH s, lara CBaaaiB, o(^Mk8yion opeojTL. 
Sar^aBie khi^kb: cBpaiijiaHTOBNUi 0€TpiJi>. 

— £a, 6a, njiQuaHHE^eRi, nocTOft! 3io BMMCTBOBaHol 

— Oricyj^a? 

— II3^ poMaHa3oj[£— cL'oenvrei. T&mi xyxoamncB Kjioa:b 
ii806pa3BJi:b oq)ouHyio roJiyK) senicpHy, Hsi auuora Roxopofl 
BcxoABr& ciflHle, Tojibeo y Soju Rjioxi» npexciaBJieHi cyvacnieA- 
]u;[Mi>, a Biji,h BM ciHiaeTe dry Fid(mc ocoGoft BXpaBOicHCJiAii^efl? 

— CoBepmeHBo! Hin, xaxa, cosBaBca, ju OTCiajTb ■ ne 
KoaemL noHATb HOBara HaopaBJieHifl. 

— Eeeto He Bik cocTOflHiH noHATb cyxacmexpiaix), Rpoxi ero 
cairoro h laRHxib se Hoc^acTHHxi, RaRi OKb cam. Aft, aft, njie* 
irfiHHH^6Ri», Ao ^ero bii xonjuicajiHC& ci BamiiMH aRCiteccajcH! 
HeyjKBJiB H 1^ TaKofi? 

— Hirt! Btji^ a He nHiny cnxoBi! 

— OjiaBa Boryl 

— Kpoirb Toro, a ssHan xpyivirB! 

— A^ HOHHuaK)! 

— BoKiCB, xaAfl? HTo He noHHMaeniBl 

— Hy, EOJiHo! Tn BOiocHnexBcrbl SI muoi 

— BtjjTbl Ho TenepE mh% btotb cnopTB himo&iiI SI wsr^ 
pecyiocL 6opB6Qfl« 

— ^To? KaKofl fiopiCoft? %u» on ^acy ne JierHel 

— EopB6o& aTJieroBiil 

~ Ax%l Bex'ia'L sl na a^Hmaz'bl Hy, bto BHsneHHOy ^pyrB 
Mofil dTO ji^jiR njie6ca! 

— Tu oniEdaemBca, jifivil Mu Bci, Bce name oCn^ecTBo 
cfpamHO yBJieKaeHCA Gopi^aMH. y nacB iojelro h pasroBopa, Ror^a 
coftxeHCJi! Bo Bcix'B rocTHHHX'b TU yBHXHmb RaproHRH aXXOTOBl^ 
jia^Ke y tiapHmenb, bi fiyxyapaxi... 



BOPim. 195 

— Bnpoqeitb, ecjni sam He o ^eirb (SecijiOBafE... 

— Hy, UMoxaa^.. 

— SoHOHHO, m Hen! B% oco6eHBN>CTii WMojffiXB. Bamero 
Kpyra. CnoprH*.. dopBda,— hto aro laioe? fle noHHxaK)! B'l Moe 
BpeMfl, fpjrb Mofty MOJioxesb ysMEajiacB ^imco^KaiEMH aoetph- 
HAMH. 3to 6iUiB jooAE, fl6o, ecn vaiOBisa jramBTb pasyna^ Offb 
nepeciaerb Curb neiiOBiBoirb, 

— A^AH, saniiTB mxaa mvjipmvflmocoA Th aaCfiraaeniB hs- 
pe^eHle: mens sana in corpore sanol 

— Hin, xpyn MOfl, homhk) ounHol Tmuo botl menB-xo 
y Baci, Toro, cjia6oBan. HH^ero TBopAaro, BHpafioraHHaro. Ra- 
Kifl-TO 6e8CEJiBHiia maraHifl, vueb y nBaaarol Th oe oCflsaiftcfli 
xpyn Moft. fl sHaiD Baei! Teueph Bujsjud^sM 6opB6y! %o dTO xa- 
RoePCHKBOjnraecKie ctsxh, AiftcTByH)ii9e ha Aymy, h rpy6afl9 $h- 
sH^ecKaa noiixa. RaKoe cipaHHoe coHerame KpafiHOcxeftl SI no- 
HHMaio 6opB6y sa cyB^ecTBOBSHle,— a Busy ee bcio^, i^ffi mo- 
Hit TOJKBaen cyAB6a» & nofiEMaio 6opB6y aa b^bid, sa Exeajm— 
6wko laKoe Bpena a Ohjih xaide 6op]Qi,~Ho KyiaHHaa pac- 
npaBa... hsbehh M6Efl,— ona hh% HepsExil.. A bh, same o6ii(e- 
cxBo HacjiasxaexecB en. Ho a snaK) h xefis. Tu eiqa m xasoft, 
y xe6fl ecxB Hcspal 

— Jifljsfl, fl 6ok)cbI Bok)cb, hxo eem s xe6i cx&iaio osho 
npeAJioxeHiey xu CRasemB, ^no bo hh^ noiacaia h »ra HCKpal 

— leroHBRie ByxeacH, f^jn wA, HCKpii He m>ncsTb. Xoxh 
ceroxBn a He pacnojioaBMB i^xhzb* HirB, vbnl Y iceHfl (Sojeb^ 
maa HenpiaxHOCXBl Asa naca xoxy naaa^ MHi xasajiocB, no h 
Mory sarjQfymHXB jxhuencb 9xy 6ojiBinyio HenpiflXHOCXB, xenepB 
s. yfiisffeH'By ?xo axoro ne 6jn&rb.». Emfi xyxe! BixpoHewB,— 
AOBOJEBHO. Huefll 

— %o se dxo sa HenplAXHOCiB, WW? Atb Wt th nojiy- 

HHJTB OXBiXB? 

-^ Bt^ Hem BCA cynl 

— OxRaw*? 

— XoxaxaftCXBO OSBJIOHeHOi 

— Jl^iWf Boneuo, 8T0 xe6i owbb, oimb HmpUxno. Ho... 
SHaeoiB jiH Tix)««. Ha noAyHan jdi xh, tto axo xase...Hy) 
OAHHUi cxoBOMB, TTo 8X0 HO BoR SHaoxB sBxafl yxpaxa... 

— yxpaxa Bamero o(bi^eciBa? RoHeHEo, v^yvh noftl^cB boji- 
HeHleifB saroBopHJB rpa^^ Bexasn h Ha^ajTB xojpaTh w) Kospy 
EadHHexa. — KoHeHHO, ROHeHHO. Bb ocoCohhocxh bb ero nacxoH- 
n^et cxa^lH. Cpew BacB mh^ He^ero ^axB. 7 BacB: tbonche de 
miely Goeur de fiell> Bi eyH](BocxH xo xe Beiq^i, ho y BacB a^- 
Jiaexca exo Ceei nysna, bh saiiepjiH b'b ycJuoBHurB pauKaxB 
JKHH H npHJiHilH. Moo o^wsBO — Kyfla HHxepecHiel TyxB 
(iopB6a sa cyn^ecxBOBasde h ubb wbvto Buxesaioni^ee ^^ Hea— 
nporpeccB ^ejnoBi^ecxBat Epoici xoro h (^ahhkb, a 6^HflKH y 

13* 



1 



198 pyCCEOl BOrATCTBO* 

BBCh He MHCHHUH. Hy, j^a H orpySixb a nopHAO^o. ^eshl^ 
KOTopyK) £ Be;;y— H6 n;aABTL» h^tii, He n^a^HTb! IIoHBECb e b'l 
eamEXii rocTHHHX'Bj — ueefl comyrh sa BHXDOTa ctj Toro CBtiat 
FitlcQc HanHraerL no arosry cjiyiaro otJiMft ps^ CHMBOJiHHe- 

CEBXX CTHXOTBOpBHlft* IIOJIOKffirb, UH^ 6I1IJSO 5ll TOJtBEO CirblBHO. 

CMtniHOjHTO TaKi y Bacii 6oaTC4i nponsaecxH woe emjj, ctfiniHO, 
^To Te6a ho nyCEaiorb so Met, h tu jiSJiHeiiibCJi iuiki Taib B'L 
Hon^H. Ho, ;(pyni Mofi» bctl Ben^E, kotophx'b le TporaerB citIx'l, 
T£i noHEMaenib? H xony H&suBaxBCE cboeitij HacTOHn^EBfL emb-* 
HeiTB, H Tpe6yK). VL UBi oho syxHO toji&ko ajih cauoro ce6ji, 

rpa(|)i> CHOsa 3axoJUIJE^ na KafiHHeiy (SoJibiiiEME marauE. 

— Tm BSBOJiHOBaa^, x^ah, tu CTpamHO B3BO*ooBaH%, — saro- 
BopHJTL Hhkt>,— He BHHHTt JiH HaiTb ©me? 9to y cooROBBaert . 

— ^asafi! 

IIop(t»Hpi& HpEHecB HOBjio (SyTMjmy loraHacSepra. Ppa^t 
saamairb BunEJrB GoKajiB^SKt, ho le nepeciaBajni xo;tB^ hs^ yrjta 
Bi> jrojTt. Heei> noiyjiesairb na ^^EBaei, HacBHCTUBaH motebi 

E3^ HOBOfi OEepH. 

— IIoiiieMX Kjjs,^ HH6yjt&? — iipe^OKHJii Hhk*Bj — Hy^HO 
pasctatBCJil 

— Kyjia ate, jipyn* MOft? 

— Ky^a HHfiy;^... xoxb B'L onepericy* 

— B-B onepoTKy? — noMopn^HJiM Tortj — a BEponeirBj irai pi^ 
nmiejiBHO Bce paanol BsBaiorb, sHaeniB jih, laEia EacipoeHiJi, 
Kor^a ^iwh xy^ce — Tiirt jry^nne, — KorAa J jub^rb xo^erca ra- 
AOCTefil 

— Sea^rL ifleict? 

— IloBTopiiio: Boii pImHTeJiBHo Bce pasHoI 

HmKh EOSBOHEJTL H paCDJiaTHJICA* 

^6pGSl> nOJIiaca BBHHJieHHBffl pMCaK'B EOABOBEJTb Q60EX^ TCh 

ei^ Heuevr^* Ha oi^putofl cqent nieji^ nepBuft atcTL cBoEa- 
^io>. yrjiyfijieEKufi B^ cboe hucjih rpa^'b no^xm ne oymaji'b. 
Kor^a Ay€oB£iJi ocrpoiu HCEOJiHETejiefl BUBHBajiH b-b oySjiHEt 
BapEiBEi CAitxa, rpa^ij ciobho o^myBmECB otb cna, noABEifajTB 
rojOBy H CB yitaBJieeieiTB CM0Tpijii> HaiipaBO h najiiBO. c^euy 
oan cMibioTC£?» cnpamEBaJTB en) EeAoyn^Baion^ifi bstjihai^- 

— nocjiymaft, jspjrh Mofl, — CEaaajTB oh^ HsKy Eocjrt bto- 
poro aKia, oiBo^t^ ero et rjiy6EHy ca^a, — oCxmchh mh^j noaa- 
jryftcxaj hto bto raKoe? 

— y CitojBBHofl npiflTHaa $Hrypa! 

— A, aTo A^o Apyroe! Kii nefl Eiet% vyxcEOfi eocteom^ e 
OHa yirfeerB ero hochtbI Ho npa ^leirB lyrs BoKa^o? fl ero ae 
y3Haio^ Be eohbh) B'L aroHi cfpaHEOii'B EcnojiHeElEl 

— Bhaeieb jih, AHjm, oei EpacEoco6jieHi> itb caeE^t 

— AI npHcnocoSjeHt! Tenepb r oOBEMaio! Kaaterca HHme 



BOPipi. 197 

TaESfl nojioca? Hy Eofb cl mnrb, Cb diHirB BoRft^o, cJiymaTB 
ero A He HanipeH'b. 

— SL ffyMaio uh mofjih 6u naiiHTBCfl naio? Benepi xobojilho 
cwkaiSiy — saMiTEJTB Hhki, Cucrpiswh BQTJiafflWh ORBAEiBaa cie- 
jKHBmyiDCfl Bi jArRewh najiBTO ^nrypy jifijsfi. 

— Ob yfljOBOJBCTBleM'B, xpyrb uoA. 

Ei^aH) HzKi noTpe6oBajrb poHy. rpa^i MOJraajTB, ho RorAa 
nonan poMi, nanaji'b ycepAHO noAJiHBaTB ce6i vb ciaRaHi. 

— BnaeniL ^o, jiajifi? S^icB A^ftcTBHTejuBHO csynnol— CRa- 
sajTb Hhki, uocjii TpeiBflTO CTaRana, — leniBpB CRopo OAHHHaA- 
i^aTL... noiffiWb nocMOTp^TB 6opB6y? By^B xo^pi, 00^x^111! 

— A, iMyrE! — BOCRjmRHyji'B cTapHEi,— TenepB s. Te6a pac- 
KycHJTB! Tu HapoHHO sacTaBHjrB uenfl npocRynaTB jjjbjoA Be^epi, 
hto6h BesTH noToiTB Ha RaRyio-TO 6opB6y. CosHaftca, Bce rjiohh- 

JIOCB RB TOMy? 

— He coBc^iTB, jsflffi, HO H jsfljoKewb Te6i CRasaiB, tto aTO 
onacTH BzoAHJio B'B HOH pascHeTuI BopB6a ropas^o sHrepecHie. 
no^Aeui) n yBHAHHiB! 

— JI^pyrB Hot, s. yse CRasajTB Te6i, tto mh£ pimHreJiBHO 

BCe paBHOl TOJIBRO OTB^TB HH^, HOSaJiyftCTa, Ha OPfSBJb BonpocB! 

HacB laHi He ySBion? 

— y6BK)rBl Ha RaROMi ocHOBaHiH? 

— A BoFB BacB sHaert vb RaROft Tpynto6i npoHcxoxHTB y 
BacB aroTB cneRiaRJiB. Ha BCJiRift cjiy^aft ne Mimajio 6u saxna- 
THTB naracy? A? 

— ILoijlfiWb^ H yBHAHHIBl — MHOrOSHaHHTeJEBHO OTB^HaJTB 

Hhkb. 

(OKOHHome cMbdyem/b), 

K. EapaHiieBNHB. 



I) H e T b. 



Ea pasiiamHCTiix'B Rpiuiux'B, cb B^Tpan 
JOHocTb HaCB Kb HejociynHOMy woTby 
II|,6Apo ujTh yCBinaerB i^B'iTaHH 
H cjiesami hx^ crpacTHO Rpoiran. 

Heyj^aHH, KDBapCTBO, iraiiHa, 

Fpjs'B cB^nqoBEit nonyrHUXB 8a6on,— 

Bc6, EarE wh 6ypK> HajieTHaA irbna, 

no nOBOpXHOCTH 2KH8HH TUniB^Tb. 

Ciiiflaif nofi h jiio6h 6wb TpeBOin, 
ITyCTb sBy^arb tboh h^chb, KaRi rpoiTB. 
JKhbhl m^ CHepiH AapyiOTB nam 6oni; 

TOJIBEO pa8% MH Vb (k^UepTIM XHBeiTB. 

Tojr£KO pa3ii hh ne^roft BAOXHOBeHHoft 
IIocTBraeM'b BocTopn He seiiHofl. 
TojibKO iOHOciL Kb CescMepTuo BCeJieHHOft 
IIpio6ij%aeTCA wcTOft Aynioft. 

A. M. BeAOpcBV. 



Heropifl KaKi Hayna. 



I. 

^flflo. ^ejOBi^ecKaro po^a. Bi cHiy HMeHHO pasyiia qejiOBiRT» He orpa- 
HH^HBaexcfl, no;i;o6Ho SHBOTHOMy, ysKOK) c^epoD HenocpeACTBeHHo- 
HacTOfliaaro, ho nosHaerb h necpaBHOHHO 6ojrbe npoAOJixHTejnbHoe 
npomjioe, ci kotopum'b bto HacToan^ee CBHsano, e h3i» coToparo oho 
BHmjio, h tojibbo repeal 9to oh% npioOpi^TaoTB ^^ificTBHTejiBHoe no- 
HHManie HacToan^aro h iioserB ji^axe js^bn^xh bubo^ki h o fiyAyiaeun. 
cTojiBRO vb HCTopiH HapoA'B AOCTHraeTL cBoero nojiHaro caMOOosnamji, 
HOdTouy Ha HCTopiv) Ha^o chotp^tb^ saBi na pasyifHoe caMooosHaHie 
'qejfOB'bqecKaro poAa». 

E^Ba JiH MoasHO Coiie Bipno h RpacHop'b'iHBO onpoA'&nrrb 3Ha- 

^OHiO HCTOpiH Vb yUCTBOHHOM'L oCsXOJS^k ^eJHOBi^eCTBa, liirh 8T0 

cA'^aHO moneHrayapoifB vb npsBeAeHHHX'B ciOBax'L *). Mu npH- 
Bej[H, OAHaEO, hxi ho otojibko pa;i[H saRJOoiaDii^etcii vb nisTb 
iiojroasHTeJiBHofi hcthhu, ceojbko jifia TOro, 'Vt!o6fi noRasaiB, Basi* 

CB n0A06HHU1^ UOSHO CEaSaTB, BOCTOpseHHHlTB OTHOmeHieiTB K% 

HCTopiH, RaEi «GaHoco3HaHiK) qejEOBitiecRaro poAa», MOserB co- 
BirbiaaTBCfl ^e3noH^aji[HO'OTpHi^aTejLBH06 h BHcosoMipHO-npeapHTejiBHoe 
OTHOmeHie ivb nefi, EaRi* ri» nayKtb. HcropiA ho HifierB npasa h& 

Idr&CTO Bl pfl;iy HayR'B Wb COtfCTBeHHOH'B CMHCli, fXaRli RaRl OHa He 

MoseTB noxBacTaTBCH TaRBMH se AocTOHHCTBaiTH, RaRii npo^; Wb 
Hefi H^TB ocHOBHOro xapaRTopa BCflEoft HayRH, T. e. noABe^^enifl ysHaH- 
Haro noA'B o6ii^ee nOHHTie; BiricTO Toro oHa jifi^vb toibro soopAHHa- 

I^D CBOHXl J^aHHHX'B. IIoaTOMy HirB HHRaROft CECreUU HCTOpiH, EaRl» 

ecTB Bii Eaxj^oft Hsi ^^pyrHX'B. Xoth ona h jsfij&n 3HaHie, ho ona He 
HayRa, h6o nnrAi oHa He no3HaerB qacraaro nocpej^cTBOH'B o6maro... 
HayRH, TaRi RaRi* oHt npeACTaBjiflDTB hsi ce6fl cHcreHU noHirrifi, 
roBopHTB Bcer^a tojibro o BH;^axi>, a HCTopin roBopHTB 06% HH;i;flBEAy- 
yuaxi. no8TOMy ee hoskho 6ujio 6h nasnaTB HayRon o6'BHHAHBH;^ytfax'B, 
ecjUH 6u m> dTOWb BupaseniH He 6ujlo HpoTHBopiqiH. Tid-b aroro aso 
HOJEoateHiH cjrtAyoTB, qxo HayRH roBoparB tomi, too cy^ecTByerb 



*) EFoneHtayspb. Mipi, JsaRi bohsl h npeACTaBseaie, CTp. 542. 
M 4. ov^Ufk n« 



2 P7CGR0B BOrATCTBO. 

Bcerj^a, a Hcropifl toibro o toui, ^to 6wlo pasi h qero yate fioiiie 
wkTbn^ "*). «^ajr6e, HCTopifl Hirberb a^o (JedyoiOBHo ci qacTffMtfi> k 
HHAHBnAyajiLHHM'B, ^0 BOHG^epiiaeMO yase no cBoeft npHpo;(t; irosToify 
ona 3HaeTT>Bce tojbko npH6jiH3HTein»H0 h Ha nojoBBTHyi **). B-b koei^ 
KOHi^oB'B HIoneHrayap'B npHXOAnrB k'b sasjiDqeHlio, ^ro ncropiA wh 
cymHocTH npeACTaBJuierb co6oft cnpeAvei^ noTTH HeAOcrofiHUR cepB- 
esHaro h Tpy^Haro HsyieHui co cropoHH ^ejioBfaqecRaro ^y^a* **'^). 
MHoro BOAH yTeRJO o^ Tixi nopB, Bas'b arorB cypoBufi irpHro- 
BopB BKUHJicfl HSirnoAi nepa SHatfeHHTaro neccHMHcra, h e6 oahh^ 
spynHufi marB Bnepe^B c^iJiajia rbwb BpeHeHOMB HcropH^ecRaH Ea- 
yxa; h o^HaRO se ORasHBaerca, tto cnpHroBOpBi IIIoneHrayapa ita- 
jieRo He Moseri 6iiItb sa^ojieHB b^ paspa^vB asaOuTfiirB cjiob^^. 
fipeiifl OTB BpeireHH, bhiotb ao namHXB AHeft, npo^oisanrb paaAa- 
BaTBCfl rojfoca, BapBHpynnue na pasHue jis^bi btotb neccHuucTHie- 
CRi8 npHroBopB o&b noropiH, RaRB nayRt. KaRB na oahhb m-h ho- 
BifiniEXB BapiaHTOBB BB vrowb pojii, MOSHO ynasaTB, pa^H npairbpa, 
na HOAaBHO BHineAHiyD Oponnopy, nepeBOAeHHyi) h ho pyccRs, noxB 
sanaBieMB «cCoiuoJD[onfl h nojiHTHRa», bb RoropoS aBTopB, o^^ri> s3s 
HSBtcTHHXB coBpeMeHHHXB ooD[i(MioroBB, ryMMOBHqB ****), Mes^y 

UpOTOlTB pa3BHBaeTB OTpHi;aTejn>H£[ft BSriHAB Ha HCTOpiD, EaR-B Ea- 

yRy, npH'ieirB ne tojtbro saHMCTByeiB y DIoneHraydpa cymHocTB ero 
B3rju[A0BB, HO crapaeTCfl TaRse ho OTcraiB no BOBHoacHocTE ors gbo* 
ero o6pa3];a bb ptsRocxH npHroBopa h caKoyBtpeHHocTH T6Ha, Badn- 
Baa, oqeBFAHO, qxo quod licet Joyi, non licet bovi. Bb HHrepecaiB 
oaMaro A'i^a» 6euio 6u ropas^o Jty^me, ecin6u ryHiuoBHqB, Birboto 
BapBHpoBaHiH cjLovb IIIoiieHraydpa h BucoRoiitpHaro TpOTnpoBaEiH 
HOTopHROBB, orpaHH^HJicfl 6hi T^wb saHBjeHieiiB, ROTopoe OHB jt^aert 
na 19-it CTpaHHii[t CBoeft fiponnopH, nocrapaBmHCB, rohq^ho, j^ORasaTB 
nocilAHee ntMB HH6yAB Gojotie y(y&AHTej[BHUMB^ neseiHOAHHrojEOGjiQB- 
HUfl cysAeHifl h npHroBopn. Mu Hir&eirB bb BH^y cjr&Ayion^ee aasBJieEia 
rynnitoBaqa: cXesHCB IIIoneHrayapa, vro Hoiopia ae Hayna, &aR^ 
OHB 6ujrB ^opMyjiHpoBaHB BoceHBAecaTB lixB Haaa;^, ao chxb uopB 
ocraerca ae onpoBeprnyrBf. FytfiuoBHTB, o^eBHAHO, ne OTAaerBced^ 
orqera b^ cyni;ecT90BaHia orpoaaoft pasaa^H MeiR^y ero oo6cTBaH- 
BUMB noJioseaienB a noioseaieMB, bb ROTopoirB aaxoAHJica HConea- 
rayepB. Oabo— paacyaAaTB o6b acTopia, aaRB aayRi, do Pasite, 
MoMacena, BoRJia, Apyroe — pascyacAaTB o tomb se iipe;^aeTt 
nocAfb aaxB. S^i^B b^ab a^o baotb ae npocro o BicROJ[BRHxi> eh6- 
aaxB aBTopoBB acTopa^ecRaxB co^aaeaift, a o aicROiBRaxB exanaiB 
B^ nporpeccaBHOKB ABaseaia acropatiecROfl aayRa. CojiaAapaociB 0B 



*) TaM% se, cTp. 536. 

**) Tam be, CTp. 636. 

♦*♦) Tan* se, cxp. 638. 

«♦♦*) ABTopi co^ Rassenkampf a Qrundrisa der Sociohgie, o6a coo. at^ 
pea^eHu na $paai^. as. , 



HCTOPIfl KAKh HITKAX 3 

cnpHTOBopoMit moneHrayapa jfjuvrjerb ryvnioBH^ 3s^a?y— xosa- 

3aTB, ^TO 9T0Tb npHFOBOpi HHCKOXBRO HB nOTepflJTB CBOeft CHJOEI, H6 

CMOTpfl Ha e^iuiaHHHft HcropH^eeKott HayRoi, sa EcreEnnfl oi Toro 
BpeMeHH BoooMBAecflTB 3^tb^ orpoHHEifi marB Bnepe^B. ryMuoBHTB, 
OABaRo, 6e8ycjiOBHO yiuoHHJicfl otb btoS saAa^n, qyBOTByfl, Obptb mo- 
ZBTB, ^0 A'btCTBHTejiBHo ero noiosenie xyse... IIIoneHraydpoBCRaro. 
Ho nojieMHRa (tb ryMnjoBE^eiix ho bxoahtb bb Hamy saAa^y; 

HH XOTklE OnrbTHTB TOTB ^aRTB, ^TO OTpHl^aTeJIBHIlft npHFOBOp^ 

HaAB HCTopieft, npoHSHOceEHHa moneHrayapoMB BoceHBAeoarB xtrb 
TOMy HaaaAB, ho npexoAHTOff c^sraTB oromeAniHirB bb otfjtaoTB 



Kerb bto hh crpaHHO, ho HoropHRH, cb OBoeft cropoHU, ocraBa- 

IHCB AO nOOJltAHflrO BpeHOHH AOBOJIBHO rJIJlE RB paSAaBaBHIBMCfl 

Bpeiffl OTB BpeMeHH, RaRB 8X0 moneHrayapoBCRaro «npHroBopa>, ro- 
jiooarb paaHBncB cRenrHROBi no aApecy HoropiH h npoAoisaiH 
«HATH CBoeD Aoporoio>, conaoHO HSBicTHOHy HpaBoyqeniiD: 

A TU CBoeft AoporoD cTynaft^ • 

IIoiaroTB — Aa OTCTanyrB... 
OAHaRO A^ficTBHTeJiBHOCTB AO TaRoft creneHH Maxo onpaBAUBajia 
yBipeHHOCTB, BBrpasaeMyn Biopott nojroBHHott HpaBoy^oHifl, ^to axa- 
RyeMiie ycoMHHJiHCB bb rohii;& ROHi^OBBHSBHenorpiniBMocTH nepBofi 
ero ^acTH. ^McTBHTejrBHO, bb 0001*^66 BpoHfl h €ii;exoBHe> hcto- 
pHRH Ha^HHaDTB Majio HO Majiy noAHHMaTBCfl Ha sanmiy HcropHi^e- 
oRaro 3HaHiH, RoropyK) ohh npexAe chhcxoahtbjibho npeAOCTaBJiHJiH 
<AHJ[6TaHTaMB» H <npo$aHauB». Mbjeo Toro, ohh Ha^HHaH)TB BMcxy- 
naTB He tojebro RaRB noieHBCTH-samHTHHRH npaBB cBoeS nayRE otb 
nocaraiejiBCTB'B crbiithrobb, ho na^HHaioTB npoasjiaTB . n caMocroa- 
TeaiBHuft noqHHB, bb CMUCJii noj[03RHTejn>Haro TeopernqecRaro o6ogho' 
BaHifl H nocrpoemfl HCTopin RaRB EayRH. HoBi^Smaa cepBesHaa no- 
nuTRa BB aioMi nanpaBJieHiH npHnaAJieaRHTB oAHovy hsb 4^paHii;y3- 
CRHXB HCTopHROB-B J!aR0M6y. CoqHHeHie nocjitAHaro Histoirfi consi- 
deree comme science Bumjio HOAaBHO h bb pyccROMB nepesoAi, coa'b 
npoHSBOJEBHO H coBepmoHHO HeocHosaTejiBHO HSHiHeHHHMB aarjEaBioHB: 
CauioAoiuHecKM ocnoetA ticmqpiu *). Co^iOJ[0^iH aBTopB RacaeTca jrHniB 

BCR0JB3B H BOBCO HO BAaeXCH BB oficya^ABHie BOnpOCa 06b OTHOmCHiH 

efl RB BCTopiH, xoTH, BHpoqeMB, H ycnlBaeTB mhmoxoaohb o6Hapy* 
»HTB AOBOJIBHO ocHoBaTOJiBHoe.,. HenoHHMaHie cyn^HocTH aroro otho- 
meHifl. II,eHTpB iHsecTH HsoiiAOBaHifl asTopa JiesEiB RaRB pa3B 
HMeHHO B'B TOMB Boopoci, ROTopufi $opMyjiHpoBaHB BB sarjiasia 
noAiHHHHRa. 8to — BonpocB o6b ucmopiu^ nam naywh. SaAa^a aaxopa 



*) HOSHO rOBOpHTB 06'& ilCm0pWHeCKU9!f> OCHOeaXh COmiOAOHU^ HO 7S% HH- 

juan HO cmioMnuHecKuxb oenoeaxh ucmcpiu. OTjA^hewh bto, sobi of^BWh 
MVb HarjiflAHHZ'b npHM^poFb rocnoACTsyioiaeft nyrsBHi^u noHATift, OTHOCfln^Hzca 
&i> oGiacTH HCTOpiH H coi^ioxoriH. Mu HaA^Mca, B'B ApyroMB H^crb, no6eci^ 
AOBaTb o6cTOflTeiLH%6 06% 9T0M«b npoAxeii. 

1* 



1 



4 pyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

BUACHHTb H Onpej^lfilHTb ni yOIOBlil, npH KOTOpiIXB BOaifOlKHa HCTO- 

pifl, KOKi Haysa—paBHoopaBHaa h paBHoqtsHafl no cBoeny Teopera- 
qecROMy AocTOHHCTBy CB HaysaicH b-b coficTBeHHon cioicxt, ci sa- 
yKaMH npuanaHHUMu. <Bnpo9eirb», — orosapHBaeTCS ovb, — ca He npe- 
TOHAyD coa^aTb bi 8T0ft KHHri cHGTOMy HCTopifl, saKi HaysH; a xoqy 

TOIbKO BUaCHHTB rt OyTH, KOTOpHe BBJSjrb KT> dTOfi I^tlH (CTp. 57)». 

3to bx cyiUHooTH HH ^TO HHoe, Kan 6oiie cKpoimaa ^opuyjiHpoBKa 
TOft se caMol saAa^Hi KOTopyn, bi fiojiie ptmHieiBHofi ^opui, cta- 
BHTB oe6i en^e Eokab, i^HcmopiH uueuAuaauiu eh AmAiu* opeAcraB- 
iflerb cofioK) nepByi) cepLesHyx) noouTsy €nojs;aaTb HCTopijo Ha ere- 
neHb HayKH». IIocTaBHTb BonpocB, ^opMyjiHpoBaTb npofiieiiy — npeA- 
craBiflen ^aoro Hay^Hyx) saoiyry ho uewke BaxHyD, ^ivb caMoe 
pimoHie Bonpoca. Botb no^OMy co^HHeHie BoKJUi ne yrpaTBjio cbobfo 
SHaqeHiH Ao OETb nop-b, He cMOxpH Ha to, tto a^huitb AaBHO 06- 
uqiMi rojiocoMi kphthkh npHSHasa HecocroHTejiBHOcTb ero KOHCxpys- 
TEBHoft nonuTBii. EcjiH Boko ne paapftmHJrB npoGjeiiHi to bo bch- 
KoiTB Giyqat 0H7» nepBufi ot^otihbo $(^)Myji[BpoBan ee. BaiaroAapfl 
BTOMy, co^HHeHie Boejih nnKor^a ho noTepaen Bnoini cBoero saa- 
^eaia, TaRi KaRB oTMiweTb co6ox) Basaufi MoveBTB wb paSBaria 
BCTopaqecRofi aayKa. 

Tiwh HenpocTHTej[BH66 ofinapysHBaeMoe JIaROM6o]rB aesHaROHCTBO 
cb cBOHiTB rjiaBHUMi npeAmecTBeHHHROMi bi> 8T0ft ofijiacTH. Eahhct- 
BoaauMi BBBHHeaieM'B, a to aoboabo coHaareJiBBUirB, HoserB ciy- 
SBTB JlaRoaOy pasBi to o6cToaTej[[BCTBo, ^to bi> jifikwaowb cjry^ai owb 
vb cyn^aocTH pa8;^:&ui6TB lamB o6mift Hej^ocTaTOR'B ^paai^yscRax'B 
y^eHuxi, qepe3?ypB mapoRO nojn>8yi)n;axca pei^enroirB Roara oxao- 
CBTejiBHo caosroBOfi rarieaH*. B% npoAOiseaie ji^a^itaTa jtI^tb, roBO- 
pBTB BBaMeHBTLift TBopeii;^ cnoJi02CHTej[Baoft 4^aj[OCo4»ia», — a jifiipxeacn 
apaBBJia, bti bh;^ aiaoToparo po;i;a Moatoeou %mieH» (hygiene cer6brale), 
ae ^BTaTB aaqero, ?to 6h airi^o, xoth 6u Aaace tojibro KOCBeaao, 
OTaomeaie b^ npajpfCTy mohxti aacToamnx'B saaaiift *). Mosao ycoM- 
BHTBca vb cnacHTeJiBBocTB TaRoft yMCTBeaaoft diierreMia a no OTHomeaiK) 
K'B caaoay KoaTy; HanpoTHBi, ae noAJieaRHTB coMataiD, too ero 
saaMeaaTHft Kypc^ noAootcumeji^hHOtl ^uAOco^iu 6urb 6h CBo6o]Lewb 
OTB atROTopHxi EpyiiHJbix'B npoMaxoB'B, npa atcEoiBRO Meafte crpo- 
roMi B08;i;ep2caHia aBTopa otb aaaRoacTBa c% ^aiocoj^ieS cBoaxi 
npeAmecTseaaaEOB'B a coBpeaeaaaROB'B. dTO cb o^hoS cTopoaii, a 
CB Apyroft, HHUiTB ycepAHHiTB ae no pasyicy noojri^AOBaTejuiirB 
KoaTOBCROB <!iji^di!}i* BO Mtmajto 6u noaaBTB Ty odm^easBicTayi) 
acTHBy, TTO €HT0 Oflaoay SAopoBO, to jpyroay — caepTBt. OcTawraa 

nORa OTRpBITUMB BOHpOGl TOHl, ROTOpaa BSIb ^ByXl ^aCTOft 8T0A 

acTBHU 6oji±e onpaBAaiacB aa JIaE0H6i, saaiTaH'B laniB, too ai- 
CROjnbRo aea'be cTporift yMCTBeaauft acReTBBifB bi» ^yzA Koaxa mopb 
6u, RaaRCTca aaiTB, oaasaTBca en^e 6ojrbe noJieBBHirB A^a aanrero 



*) Goars de philosophie positive, t. VI: Preface personnel. 



L..__ 



HGTOPUC KASl HA7KA. 5 

SBTopa, ^'hi'B ]!fls. ero ofipaaita. HeHHOZKO noMOH^ BOSAepsHOCTH no 
I)6]^enTy KoHxa Horio 6u, no spaftneft nipt, npeAoxpaHHTB JIaK0M6a 
oTh nonjTHaro lyrRpiiTui HiKOTopHrB AvepHKi, nocjii KojiyiiCa. 

Bnpo9eMi>, vbn> xj^a 663i Ao6pa. Bosmosho, tto HHenHO 9Ta 
cauaji B03;tepsHoeTb no ^aora BHaKOMCTsa crb pafioraiiH cbohxi npe^- 
mecTBeHHHKOB^ cnacjia JlaKOvfia otb noBTopenlfl naBHoS omsfiKH 
BoKJEfl, BaEJODHaBmefieii, keki HSBicTso, bi> tom'b, ?to ohi> xoT&i'b 
R'B HCTopiH, HayRl cyn^ecTBenno ryMaiEHTapnofi, npnaiosBTb i^hkomi 
H 663% Bcsmrb oroBoposx uroTOffB eorecTBeHHHX'B bajs^, npn ^ewb 
owb mAjTb vh Bujsj npeHHyn^ecTBenHo nayEH o seoAymeBJieHHot 
npnpo;^, T. e. nayiui ^Hsn^ecxui. jIaK0H6y nocqacxiHBHjioGB fi^aro- 

nOiy^HO HHHOBaTB STOTB nOABOAHIlt SaiieHBy BOTOpaft paBdHXCfl 
KOpafijIB BOBJIfl. 

Ho^ cnpamnBaereji^ rt hobho «nyTH», Eoropiie JL^ju>u&b BSflfca 
nosasaTB MopenjiaBaxeiflM'b, — cbo6oahh n ohh-to otb noABOAHuxi 
KaMHett H Hejefl? 

nocaiAyem 3a samHirb MopenjianaTeJieirB, IT0611 6htb oBHA^iTe- 
jiflMB sm6o ero ycnixa^ jlb6o ero saTacTpo^u na ero hobuxi «nyiHX'B». 

II. 

HeJKBSfl CKasaTb, ^to6h HdJiosceaie JIaK0M6a otjih^uuioob crpoft- 
HoexBi). npn Bceft CBoeft Kaacyn^eficB flOHOor? h JUtrepaTypBofi 
y;to6onoHflTHOCTH, oho, Aaieso He om^oieTCfl TkHn se cBolcTBaHs cb 
BsyrpeHHeft, jiorEqecKOfi cropoHH. Bb aroiTB nocitpEOirb oTHomeBiH 
OHO OTJ[HqaeT(», HanpoTHB^, KpatHeft pasOpocaHHOciBiD, sanyTan- 

HOCTBD H HenOCJE^AOBaTeJIBHOCTBD. HT06h HBIOSHTB HaHBOdHOSHO 

KpatBo HAefiHyn cyiB co^HHenifl JIaEOHfia, naiTB HeoOxoprMo, no- 
8TDMy, npeav^e Bcero coBepmeHHo orp^bmiTBCff otb nop^gpui EdioaiceHia 
caMoro aBTopa, coepoAoro^HBi npn btoitb boo name BHHxanie hcejijk)- 
^mejiBHo na jrornqecBoft cbaw ochobhux'b HAett ero. Ecjih bchot- 
piTBCfl npHCTaiBHie bb nocii;^Bi)i), to ne xpy^Ho yjroBBTB rjiaBHse 
KonrypH aesan^et bb en oenoBi Jiorn^ecBoi cxeiiu. 8to bb cynptocn 
ne 9T0 HHoe, BaK% ofiHsnoBeHnsft TpexuenHufi cnjixornsMB. Onpedth- 
ACHie HOffKu eooffine GOCTaeueTB bb neuB nepByn nocajiBy, anajmsh 
ucmopuHecKoH dfhticmeumeAhHocmu — BTopyio, a onpedtbAeuie cyu^^ 
emu uomopiu^KOKh Haynu — sauDqenie. 

n TBKB, npemAe Bcero, vroTaKoe nayxa Boo6mfi7 «HayK0D, ro- 

BOpHTB JlaSOHdB, HadHBaX>TB COBOKynHOCTB HCTHBB, T. 0. HOJIOSCemft, 

ycxanaBJiBBaDniHXB, ^o Mesjiy TaKHMH-To n TaKBun-TO nsjieHiflMH 
cyn^ecTByeTB noeroflBHoe cxoactbo. HanpEHipB, Bci cfly^an naAenui 
tIib sa nofiepxHoexB somjih hmIbtb ues;ty co6od to o6niee, ^ro 
T'&io na^aeTB no BepTHKajiBBoft jhbIh. TaKSMB ofipasouB, shsui, ^to 
TaKoe-TO Tfijuo, BanpsiiipB, nmnn.B co6opa bb N npn naAenin paspy- 
mHJTL nlcKOJiBRo AOMOBB, MU HO o6jraAa6HB en^e nayKofi; bto npocxo 

CB^AiHie BIB 3BaK01lCTB0 CB $aKT0MB, pOaJIBHOCTBK). Ojl^HaRO B ROBCTa- 



6 F70CI0I BOrATGlBO. 

THpoBame exo^eTBa He cooiaBuen eme nocrtAH^ it^ih hajbl Bi 
caMom jiiksk^ vkjif^ s cxoagtbo wb cynmociH npeAciaBJuierb jonnb 
npocryn peannocTB. j^in Toro, qTo6H oho vorio nepein bi paa- 
pflAi HCTHHi, HootixoAHMO jipjToe jcioBie. BepHencH HI npeicHeKj 
npHMlpy: oAHOo6pa8Hoe najieHie Tin craHOBiTGH HCTHHot jrann TorAa, 
Korjia Mu oTKpHBaeirB cBii8b, cjmecTBjDn^yi) MesAy arHM'b memeirb 
H flBJi6fli6Mi» 6Qite o6^Hin», BceMipHHn TflrortHieHi» (erp. 8). 

FoBopfl KopoHO, Hayxa, no JhsoMCy, ecTb coBOEynHOcrb hcthtl, 
KOHcnTHpyionprB HlKoropyi) nocroaHHyn cbhsb BBiemtt toI hxh 
ApyroH saTeropiii (<cxoACTBeHHuxii») ci» HtsoropuirB fiojrhe o6mHirb 
HBiEeHiem. Ho KOHcraTHpoBaTb nocroflHHyx) cbhsb Kea^T MBieniaiiH 
BSBicTHoM xareropiH cb HBiemeirE 6ojrte o6murb, aro SHaHHTB 
ycraHOBHTB aasoni bt» nayuon cimorb. HayEa, dtAOBaTeiuo, 
eoTb HH HTO HHoe, KaKi BHame o 8asoHaxi» HBiemt. TasoBa bi* 
cynuiocTH MBGiB JIaROMfo, KOTopaa ciyurb hcxoahoI touoh ero 
KOHiieniuH, vb sa^eoTBi nepsoft nociUKH lesamaro fb ocHOBamH 

UOOltAHOft GHUOrHBHa. 

npHHiqiniaiBHott oi(i(HKoft sroft hoxoxhoA haoh asTopa mh sait- 
MOMGH HHSKe, a ToiiepB nepefiAOMi k'b y^OHiio aBTopa o(h» HciopH- 
HecKott A'bflcTBHTeiBHOCTH, EOTopoe) saKi BEime daifbqeHO, HrpaerB 
poiB BTopoft nocBusH Vb lorHHecsol oxeMi HCTopioco^oKOft KOHi^enqiH 
JlaKOMCa. 

AHajusaHpya HcropH^eoByx) A^ftoTBBTeiBHOOTB, JlasoMdi npHXOAHTB 
K% TOMy aauDqeHix), vto «nepBH9HU]iH j^aKiopaMH HCTopiH» hbih- 

DTCa HtKOTOpUfl «nOCTOflHHBUI OHIU», EOTOpUUI OWb HaSUBaOTB HO- 

mpeGHOcmHMU (besoms, CTp. 33» 35, 36, 45, 47 h apO- 9th nociiA* 
Hifl aBTopB noHEMaerB, ob oAHott cTopomi, bi ohohb nupoKOH'B, ci 
Apyroft Vb ooBepmeHHO coei^iaiBHOirB cHUCjrb* «BcHEoe AtficTBie, 
roBopHTB OHi, BOHBoe CTpeHAOHie ^eiOBisa, HaDpaBieHHoe eb aocth- 
seHiJD EaE0ft-HH6yAB i^^jih, hii16tb GBon npH^Hfiy. B'b oohob£ ea 
jiexHTB saEoe-HflfiyAB ncHXB^eoEoe oocTOHHie, Eoiopoe mu HasuBaeicB 
noTpeOflocTBDf (crp. 36). IIoTpeGHocTH, noacHaeiB owb vb ApyroHi* 

MlCTb, AifiOTByUTB Vb HCTOpiH HO KB,Vb poaiBHilfl diOJOrHHOCKia 

CEAU, a Eas'B no^yBOTBOBaHHue nosuBU (soUicitations senties, vb 
pyccsoMi nepoBOAt, nepoAaHo HenpaBHABHo: ccoanaHHUfl orpeiueHiflt 
CTp« 35). H TaEB, noTpe6HOCTB ecTB ace, ?to bhboahtb ^ejioBtKa 
mb naocBBHaro cocTOflHia ei> A'bflTeABHOGTB, — TasoBi niHpoEifi cMHCfB 
SToro TepHHHa. C'b Apyroft cropoHN, — noTpe6H00TB HOHHuaeTOfl Jla- 

EOMfiOlfB B'B BiCfiOABSO HeoOHqHOITB, CIIeI^aIBHOlrB CHUOrb, HMOHHO — 

Vb UGTO cyfi'BeBTHBHoirB. noTpe6HOCTB y Hero cyn^ecTByerB no crojiBBy, 
no cEOABEy OHa ou^ymaemcji u, vb Ea^ecrat HSBbcTnaro nctixuKecKato 
coemosHiHy flBAaeroH mothboitb qeiOBbqecsott AtoreiBHOCTH. 3to ho 
ecTB norpefiHOCTB vb oOn^enpHHaToirB omiorb, a ncHXH^ecEift pesyjub- 
TaTB noTpefiHOOTH. CjrhAOBaTexBHO, mu HMteM'B SAioB A'bJio cb ncuxo- 
AomHecKoH KOHitemieii HCTopHqecEaro npoi^ecoa. Teopia as^oeo ho 
HOBaa, xoxa h Maio ao chxi* nopB paspaGoraHHafl. JlaaoMS'B, Bnpo^eMB, 



HGTOPIfl KAVB HATKA. 7 

BHOci BT» Hee OAHy opHrHHaiBHyi) nonpaBsy, gJiaroAapa Eoropofi osa 
nepeciaerB 6uTb TiifB, hIits ee hphbuejih c^tetb HSAaBna: aHTn- 
Tosofi dicoMOJuut^ecfcotf KeHi4€nu(iu HCTops^ecEaro npoi;ecca. JIaR0M6'L 
He TOJiBBO A^erb otb orpni^aTejiBHaro OTHomeHifl ki» BROHOkfHqecRHiffB 
4»asTopairB, a, HanpoTflBii, otboahtb ehi iiepBeHCTByDmyD pojiB bi 
HCTopHTOCKoiTB Dpoi^ecct. <5jiarojiapfl j^asH^ecjcoiiy cTpoeRiiD qejio- 
B^Ea, roBopHTb OH^ (crp. 48), ^'barejiBHOCTB BKOHOHH^ecRaa npe^- 
mecTByerb y ota^bhhxi juoAed Bcini APyi^>^i» BH^aMi ^iareiLh- 
HOCTH. Ofla nepBeacTByoTB HaAi* hhmh, h ho bb oahomb BaRoirB* 
HH6yAB nepiOAi sb8hh, ho bo BCflRoe Bpena, e«6AHeBH0. Tojibro 
Tor^a, ROFAa dROHOHH^ecRitt HOTHBik yse coBepmuii cBoe a^o, 
BucrynaiDTi Ha cii^eHy ocTajiBHua sejiank, na yAOBJueTBopenie roto- 
puxB ocxaercfl TiM^ 6oJiie BpeMOHH h cajhes ^d^i MOHle yinio hx'b 
Ha BKOHOMnqecRyi) A^TeiBflocTb». dio Bipflo ho toibko no otho- 
meHiD Kb oTH^jLhBoWb HHAHBHAyyHaiTB, no, paBHUirB oSpasoHB, h 
0TH0CHT6JIBH0 BCRRoft o6n(ecTB6HHoft rpyiuiu H BC6ro ^ejoB^qocTBa 
m> coBORynHOCTH. «H3BicTHoe HaRonjieHie i^iHHocTefi ofiaaaiejiBHo 
npoAmecTByeTB noHBieHUD yMCTBeaHoft Ryj[BTypu» (crp. 54). 8to 
o6ii;ee npaBuo JlaROH&B HaauBaerB fsanoHOMh ^KOHOMUHecKato nped- 
fuecmeM^ (lai (VantSc^dence iconomique^ IIoab npHBOAeEBBLHR cjio- 
BanH JlaROMfia noAnHcaiCH 6h j[K>6oft «8ROHOM0C'rB». Ho btotb xaROM- 

(iOBGKitt «8R0H0IU[8Ml» O^OHB HpOCTO yRJiaAHBaOTCa Vb nOHXOJTOrH^eCRyK) 

cxeny. Bb caHOHB fljhii, b^ab BROHOMBHecRk chjoi jk^icnuBymrb y 
Hero RaKi» hotpoShocth^ a drn nocjrbAHifl, vb cbok> o^epeAB, npoHB- 
iflDTB cBoe jKbUcrm He HHa^e, kbri vb Ra^ecTB:b comymaeMuxi 

H03iIBOBB>9 T. 6. HiROTOparO pOAa HCHZHqeCRBXl COCTOHaiH. TaRHlTB 

o6pa80Mi» <8R0H0MHRa» JlaROMCa HB^yTB He AynaexB ccopHTBca c^ 
<ncHxoj[oriefi». OAHaRO oHt yacHBaDioa BMicrb HenaHaHajit pasno- 
npaBifl, a na na^ait cyfiopAHHai^m. «dR0H0MHRa» nrpaerB noA^a- 
HeHHyn poiB no oTHomeHiD r'b <ncHxoioriH», laRx BaE^ b-b ROHi^i 
ROHi^oBi n^miHHUMu HCTopnqecRHMH ^aRTopairH HBJuiiQTGfl BceraRH 
scBxaqecRifl chjui, na KOTopBU cboahtca, bb nocilAHeMi aaaiHsi, 

BCt A^flCTByDmifl Wb HCTOpiH CHJIU, HO HORJIH)iafl H 8R0H0MHqeCRHXB. 
n08T0My, MU HMteMB HpaBO CHOTptTB Ha ROHi^eni^iD j!IaR0M6a, RaR7» 
Ha BBA'B €nCHX0JL0rB8Ma» (a He €8R0H0MH8Ha>). 

HcTopHqecRift €ncHxojiorH3MB» AonycRaeTB paaiH^HKu tohrh spt- 
Hia, oMOTpH no Tony hm aPF^i^T noHHMaHiB ncHxoJiorflqecRaro 
oy6%eRTa. Tbhb, nanpHMipB, caasuBaeTB ncHxojronnecRylo Roni^eni^iD 
CTb HAeefi paciA, JIaaapycB h mxefiBraJiB ex HAeett <iHapodHato dyxa* 
(Volksgeist), JIe6oHB K0H5HHHpyeTB o6t 8Th to^kh sptHiii bi CBoeft 
HAei tpacoeoit dytau» (ame de race). 06mfie bc^mb driEWb Roa- 
n.eni^iHM'B eaRJUO^aeTca bi KOAAeKmuenocmu ncEXOioniHecRaro cy6x- 
eara. JlaROMfii ctohtb Rani pasB na nporaBonojoauioS lo^iRt spiHiH, 

UHdueudyOAUCmUHeCKO^, Bl npOTEBOnOXOSHOCTB RpaftHHM'B ROJUeRTH- 

BHcraH'B, AonycRaDnpifB ECTopHqecRyD peajQ»HOCTB JusniB aa oOn^eor- 
BOHHUMH rpynnanH — ceMBefi, naived, rocyAapcTBOMB — ^h OTpH]](aK>n(HM'B 



8 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

TaEyH) peajiBHOGTB sa HHAHBHAyjMatfE, owb npH3HaeTB, nanpoTHB'B^ 
URjmBHAjjwb e;iHHCTBeHHuii'B peaJiBHiiiMi cyGieETOMTi HCTopHqecsaro 
npon;ecca, oTpBi^afl npH btou'l BCflKyio oGieRTflBHyiD peajtBHOCiB sa 
cy6'BeKTaMn ROJUreETHBHUHEr. «6upaaceHifl paca, napodzy apjudn^ deo^ 
pHHcmeo H T. n., npeACxaBMroTB coCoft juhdib ofioCmenHHa noHariji, 
KaTeropiE» (cxp. 205). fJI^ificTBifl^ npHnHcuBaemifl BTHirb BOo6pa- 
saoHUM'B (ROJureETHBHUMi) opraHH3ifaiii>, caHH no ce6i ORasuBaioTCjr 

BX HSBiCTHOH'B CMUCJii BOO()pasaeMUMH. B'B A'i^&CTBHTeJI[BHOCTH HM^eTCfl 

iHmB cofiOKynnocTB A^ficTBifl, coBepmaeMUX'B oTA'fciBHnMH jih^hocthmh 
Cojute HjiH Mente o;iHOBpeMeHHO cxo;iiCTBeflHO> (cxp. 205). «HcTopui 
eiaraercfl e;i;HHCTBeHHo nsmh h3% nocTynsoBi, coBepmaeMHXB ot^^b* 

HUME JI[fl^EOCTflMfl». 

TaRBHTi o6pa30Mi> Bce ooAepxaEie EcropE^ecRaro npoi^ecca cbo- 
AETCfl Bi nocJi'bAH6M'B aHajiflsi Ri* OTA'^BflMH'B nocrynRaiTB ota^b- 
Huxi jfl^flocToS. B'B dTOH'B DyHRTb EOBueoi^ifl JIaR0ic6a flBJiEercfl, 
RaRi UH yace sauiTEJiE, DpflMog asTETesofi Bossp'IfliE) RoEra b 
EOBifimExi KOJTJieRTEBECTOBi, B'B poA^ JIe6osa E rymutoBE^a, ROTopne 

AOXOAETB B'B CBOeiTB €R0J[JreRTEBE3BJ[i» ^0 OTpEii;aflifl peaiBEOCTE JIE^- 

EOCTH '*'). nocjt'J^AHee, BupoHetfi, flBJuiercfl EeodxoAEHBnii JiorE^ecREiTE 
aTrpE6yToi{'B nocji'^AOBaTeJiBBaro R0JijieRTBBE3Ma — jie6o bx b^a^ eo- 

XOABOfi TOqRE, JtE6o Bl BEA^ ROHeqEalPO BHBOAa. Bb TOITB H 

ApyroM'B cjiiyqai os^ oAEsaROBO EM'terB npoxEBi ceCs RaRB a^h- 
SUE Eenocp^ACTBessaro Ba6j[K)AeEiE esia'b ECTopE^ecRoft a^Bctbe- 
leJEBBocTBiD, TaR^ E AsiEEHE OTBjie<ieEBaro asaiEBa ^locjiiAHeft. 
Bb 0TpEii,aEiE peajSBEocTE ifl^flocTE — Jiy^mafl RpETE^ecRan caifO^ 
oi^ERa DocjitAOBaTeJiBflaro ROJrjieRTEBEsiia; oso paBSOCEJiBito 3a- 
GBEAi^TejrBCTBOBafliK) co6cTBeflBaro CBoero testimonium paupertatis, 
RaRi flCTopEqecRofi leopiE. Ho e EEAEBBAyainsirB, B'B cboh!) o^epoAB^ 
o6EapysEBaerB nouyD flecocTOETejoiBsocTB cbok), B'B Ra^ecTBi^ ros- 
i^eni^lE ECTOpE^ecRaro nponiecoa, RorAa, se AOBOJiBCTByacB CBOAesieM'B 
Bcefi HeAoetbHecnoH dthJuneAtuocmu Ea OTAi^BEure EEAEBEAyajiBEMO 
nociynKE, nuTaoTCE npEBocxE Kh Tony jro sEaHesaTOJiH) e ecfo ucmo- 
punecKyio 960jmu,my 8a6uBafl o to& cyn^ecTBesso BasEolt pojiE, RaRyix 
ErpaK)Ti> B'B Bed ffioAOiuuecKie ^anmoptA, CirbEa qejioBi^ecREX'B no- 
Rojr&flitt, 8BOjr]on;ioEEafl sSMtEfleiiocTB qoJioBtqecRaro opraEESHa, bjiIe- 

Sie BaCJliACTBOEHOCTE — HEAEBEAyaJBEOft E ROJOUieRTEBSOfi («paC£I>), 

Bce 8T0 TaRie $aRTopn EcropEqecRott dBOJiiDips, Roxopue seroeitb 
o6pa30HX Be Moryx'B 6£itb cBOAesH sa ESAEBEAyaiBsyio ncEXojiorm 
(«0TAtj[BSHe nocrynRE oTAt^Bsux'B jrEiqE0CTeft>). Oco6eEso BaseflB 
^aRTB nocTOflSBofi chIbu noROJU'bsift, co^poBoacAaK)n^flcE nooTOEEEUME 



*) cRaRi B'B craTHiiecKOiCB, t&jcb h B'B A^HaiiHvecKOii'b oTHomeHiE, 
rOBOpHTb KosT*b, MeAoenm, co6€meefiHO toef^pn, ecmt ue 6ojme^ nam vucmcui a6* 
cmpaKuvtf peoAwo moAtaco ueAoethvecmeo, oco6eHHO bi nopaAS^ yMCTBeHHOU'B a 
HpaBCTBefiHOM'Bi. CJouTS ds phUosophie posttive^ t. MI, cxp. 692. rymuioBim 
noqTH 6yKBajii)H0 noBropaeTit 9th cjiOBa KoHTa B'B cBoeH-B On^Kn cov/ioAOtiu 
paBHO KaK% H B'B 6oji^e paHHeMB covHEeHifl JBopit6fb pach. 



ECTOPIfl RAKTB HAyEA. 9 

R a^eCTBOHSHME H KOIH^eCTBeHIHH K H3ICiEeHiflHH Vb COCTdBi ^eiOB^- 

^ecKHxt rpynn-L — ^b*b qacTHocra, s qeaoBiqecrrBa — Boo6me. Oaho no- 
ROJiiHie cifbBiuocB apFhmi. Hto bto dHaqeTB? dro snaqBTB, BO-nep* 
Biixi, TTO npeznie aKrepu cohuh ci HcropaqecKofi ci^eHu h na 

ClAnj HlTb flBH2HC& APT^e^ <^T> HBIIMH HHABBHAjaibBHMH ^^HBiOBO- 
MiflMH, (Tb BHUUH CnOC06HOCTflMir^ BaKJIOHHOCTflMH H BKycaMH. Ka- 

HecmeeHHOH nepeMtma. Ho noMBito rtxi HjKB jj^pyrnxi BH^HBBAyaJib- 

HUXl CBOftCTfil ;^fiGTByK)mflX'B JIBI^X^ nOGJrbAHBXl» JIH6o npE6aBBJ[0CB, 

2B60 ytfaBHJOCB. KoAUHecmeeHHOH nepeMtbua. B'b peayjiBTarb desnpe- 
piiBHOl CMtHU noROJitBifi BBJUieTCfl BOGTOflBKoe o6flOBJ[6Hie cocraBa 
cBCTopB^ecRoS TpynnH», cb nocroBBHUMX ROJiEqecTBeHBUirB Roj[e6a- 
BieH'B nocji^AHflro. JIoho, GesB js.VkJLhEVx.'b paacys^^Hift, RaRoe pt- 
maDB^ee ssa^eme jifixssRtk ButTB CMlna ^exoB^qeoRHX'B noROjrbaifi 
Ha pasBirpHBaeiiyK) Ha HcropH^ecRoft eofiwb cROMejiiK) BceidpHOfi 

HCTOpiB». 

jIiD6oii£FrHo^ vio JIaR0M6'B, ROTopiift Boofin^e BiiEasuBaeT'B HaRjroH- 
socTB Ri> orpHi^aHiK) — Haio Bnpo^eiTB o6ocEOBaHBOHy — BJiiaflifl fiiojio- 
rHqecREX'B j^aRTopoBi vh BcropiH, cairB so BEiABHraen^ ^^tb cpas- 
MHoxemfl», RaRi ojpncb bsi BasBtfimaxi ^aRTopoB^ BcropHqecRoft 

dBOJBDipB (CTp. 325). JInOoniilTflO SAiCB EMeSHO TO, WtO aSTOp^ C'b 

oco6eHHoft HacTOft^HBOCTBU oTKiqaeTB ijfBxrb^ o ROTOpni bb cyo^HO- 
CTH pasfiBBaercfl ero TeopiH HcropHqeoRaro npoKecca, mzi> RaR'B, wh 
RaqecTBi ffioAO%uH€CKaio $aRTa, oh% ho hosotb HafiTH ce66 o6BflCH6- 
Hie B'B ncuxoAoiiu — no Toft se npHqHflt, bo ROTopott xsMBqecBoe 
flBJieme He Mo»ei*B dtrrB o6%flCHeHo htb diojroriH, a ^HssqecRoe 

H8l XBMiH. 

BnpoqeiTB, hItb vjmjs^ no;Q>o6HO ocraHaBJiBBaTBCit na aroft qaciH 
TeopiH JIaR0M6a, yse no tomj o;^0Hy, qTO A^BHtflmee pasBHTie ero 
H^eft CBOAHTCfl, vh CBoeM'B ROHeqHOHi lorHqecROMi pesyuTaTb, ri 
OTpHi^aBiD Toft caHoft HHjp[BH;^ajiHcTHqecRoft ToqRH spinifl, RoropyD 
OHB TaRi pimHTejiBHo BHCTaBHJTB Vb Haqaji. CeftqacB uu j&kjsfmoa, 
Bi axoiTB BooqiE), noenaROMBBniHCB cb T&irb mKAWHenieMb, ROTopoe 

OH'B BHBOABTB H9B paSCllOTpiHHHXl HaMH fifiJTb nOCIUOR'B. 

HTaRx, cii o;iHO& cropoHu, ROHRperHafl HcropHqecRafl a^ctbb- 

TeJEbHOCTB COCTOHTB H31i OTAtlBEHXl HOCTynROBTi OTAtJIBHHX'B JLByjlfi6, 

6e3R0HeqH0 pa3Hoo6pa3HtirB h MHorooCpasHEix'B vb CBoeft ROHRpexHOft 
HHAHBHAyajiBHOCTH. Ci ApyroS cTopoHH, HayRa SaHHMaeTCfl toibro 
TJ^, qro ecTB cxoACTBeHHaro h nocroflHHaro vb aBJieniflX'B. TaROBu 

T& ABi nOCHJIRH, ROTOpUfl JieSCaTB FB 0CH0H& jiorHqecRoS cxeMU Jla- 

R0H6a. nociURH 8TH AOHycRaiDTi* ABOBRoe saRjiDqeBie, cHOTpa no 
TOMy, ROTopyD H3% AByxi noioBHBi cjrbAynn^eS AHJueMu npHHaiB 

Sa HCTHHy. <ECJIH JUDAB B'B CBOBXl HOCTynRaXB^ BTB CBOeiTB noBeAOHiH 

npeAcxaBjrflJiH RorAa-j[H6o cxoactbo, to 8to nociiAHee MoacerB caI- 
laTBCH npeAHeTOMi oCmaro noioseaifl; HCTopin xe, no vApb naRon- 
leHifl noAO^HBDCB nojioaceBilt, hoxotb cAliaTBCfl HayROft> (crp. 9). 
TaROBaa nepaaa qacTB AHienHu. «Ecn xe, HanpoTHBB, sBBdHB ^ejio- 



10 

»i«eeiM M0 npeMfianmerh mtnero ojonofipamio, acn 
usjiaro nejumbok we nrton nnero ofimuo a nocrjimn MSfjrmrh. 
jwjidl, TO MCTOfiM nuotxa se djwn HajBoi>. TmKon siopu 
nun MMMoaoi. JiMtum&h ocfiHaRusaami sa nepnt 
sa^MMtfta^ fsoKh nagKa, nattismif nmo Cffu$t€m$gemh exo dcmm 
MeM0y amdikMMtmJim widumtdmfMaMu, man u MeMdg 
muHtmt&yckMMimMu noemj^nxaMm. Bi amowh ilil, <j Bekry Jioafi 
flirfcvrai iteoTOpiM o6iiUfl vpm, rtvro Kb poxk otatewioBtaecioi 
npvpojoi^ (6tp« 10). dio wen un opaBO niBopsxb o <woBtBi 
Boo6iii0» fl paainan Kb laauoi KonperHoft xb«dcth, ci ojgiol 
eropasH — iqeiOFtea luiBHATaiBHaro^ (homme indiYidael), ci xpy- 
ro>— <9eju»sfcjBa BOotfma> (homme giniral). Ho xfcio bi toitb, no, 
^nponsooooTauuu Apjn» ApyiT ^eioBftia Boodnie b ^eioBftsa Bssb 
BHABBHA77^<^« o6B8afieiBflo sauDWDnuaca bi uouobi ^eioBt^e- 
enowb ejni0OTBl», «mh — co3HaeTCfl aBiopB — b% cjh^hocth Hcxaaaifl 
AtftorBBTeuBOon, paxH jmhActm aaioseBiB* (sic) (crp. 10). ABropi 
HjBcnjerbf wo roBopfln o «^eiOBtBb Boo6ii^e», Kurb o ^evb-ro 
poaaaoBi, BBjutereB, vh soaitl xeBJiTHiumBTaro oiroiiTiB^ Kaxi 6y;pro 
6u BBaxpoBBaMOMi. CoBepmeHflo Btpao saictqaerb ofli>, vro <bi 
Bami Bin upoHaonua peauUfl npoTBBi» npeAmeciByDmaro. IIpexAe 
MucjiBTeiB aasHMaiBCb riaBHum ofipasom BsyqeBievB qeiOBisa 
Boodme; Vh same Bpevfl npflSHanrB lOJCbio qeiosiKa AaHHaro spe- 
BOHB H MleTa> (orp. 10). HeioBtsi A&HHaro BpoHeHH h Hftcrai, bju 
npooTO — iBpeveflBUfi TOJioBtei>» (homme temporaire) — 8toh1too vb 
poAl npoiiesyToiBaro SBOHa Meauy <^eioB:bKOHi» Boo6ii(e» h chhab* 
BHAyajibBUifi qejiOBbKOif&i. TaEHMi o6pa30Hi, €bi jssMjifiwh nejio- 
BiKl oAtAyen pasuuTb bb oaho h to se BpoMa, Bo-nepsuxx, tneAo- 
etMca 6oo0u$ei dBTkirb—HCAoettKa epeMenuaw h HaKOHOi^'b — HMoewKa 
uHdu&wiyajiihHau>* (crp. 7). cHejioBtBiBB^BBHAyaibHUltyT. e. qexoBlEi, 

BBKl BOHSpeTBaa UHHOOTb, BBATaa Vb CBOefii HHAHBHAyaiBHOfi eAHBHl- 

BOCTH, oqeBBAHo He Mosen 6uTb, cb TOUH spiHifl JIaEOMfia, npexBe- 
Toici HOTopiH, Easi HaysB, Tasi KBEi Hayaa 3aEHMaeTca ho hhahbh- 
AyaibHUMi H eABHEqauMi, a oSu^uMh h cxodcmeeHuuMh. He Bosserb 
6uTb npeAneTOHi Hay^HO-BCTopHqecEaro HsyqeHia h t^eios'bE'b Boo6ii^e», 

TBEl BBE'b 8T0, BO OoOOTBeHHOMy SBO npH8HaHiD aBTOpa, BO ^TO HHOO, 

EBEi aOoTpaaiilfl, OTBJieieHHoe ojumerBopeHie ofis^e^ejiOBtqecsHX'b 
CBOttcTfii>. OcTaeioH capeMeHBfiiM qexoBiE%>.BoTb ofb-to, no JIaE0M6y, 
B eoTb HaoToaaiitt npeAMorb aayEB HoropiH. JIasoM&b h HasiiBaerb 
ero noBTOMy «BOTopfl«iecEflMi qejioBiEOM'b» (homme temporaire ou 
historique) (oip. 113). 

Ho ^TO se TaEOe B'b cyn^HOcxB npeAciaBjuierb 006081 btotb <Bpe- 
HOBBUtt BJIB BCTOpH^eCEiJI qej[OBtEi>, sTorb cnpoMosyTOHHua die- 
MeHrb» iiesAy EOHEpeTBoft OABBBi^efl — «HBAHBHAyaibHUBnb qeioB^ 
BO]rb» B afiorpaBTBOlt BeiBUBOtt — «qejioBtEOMi Boo6n^e>? cHpea^e 
BuciBTexB aaHBMaiBOb, roBopHTb oHi, riaBHuiTb ofipasoM'b Hsyqe- 
BieiTb ^eioBtaa BooOqe; Bb Hame Bpeiui npflaBamrb loibEo lejio- 



HCTOPIfl SAKb HA7KA. 11 

vbsA A&HHaro BpeHesH h MiGTa». ABTopy cjAAOBaio 6u csasaTB 
6oJiiQ TO^HO, TTO cB'B Haffli Btxi)' 8a a6cTpaK^iefi «H6JiOBtKa Boo6Dxe» 
npESHaercfl npaBO Ha oymecTBOBame toxbko KaK'B sa MeTOAOJuorH^e- 
CKHui op7Aiein> A6AyHTHBH0H AOMOHCTpai^H, Bi OTBie^emuxi Hay- 
saxi ^eJtoB^Ki, a othjdab ne KaKi sa saEOi) peajiBHoio oyn^ocTBio; 
' botb bii ^QWb ooOcTBOHHO sasJinqaeTca oTMtHaeHaa aBTopoMi ^peaxiya 
Hamero Fbsa npoTHB'b npeAniecTByK)ii^iro», Koiopuft a'^&ctbbtoibho 

<HCS8QBajrb A'J^fiCTBHT6jn»H00Tb», BHOCa Bl) HOOlliAHI)]), Bl» KB^eCTBi 

H^bKOTopoft o&bQKTSBKoi peaJibHocTH, qflCTyi) a6cTpaEi0D yica. cBi 
Hame BpeMHCiipH8Ha»rb tojibko HOJOKbEa AaHHaro BpeMenn h ulcxai — 
BT> TOMi cuuesA, ^To ofoeRTHBHadi peaiiHocTb npB3HaeTca coBpeMen- 
Hon MHCJiBD iiHinB sa KOHKpeTHuirb ^ejOBiKoiTL, pasoMaTpHBaeMHirB 
Bi» KOHBpexHux'B ycioBlflxi opo cymeoTBOBaHifl — BpeMeHHuxx a npo- 

CTpaHGTBeHHHXly T. 6. Vb OpraHB^eOBOi OBflSH 01 ASHHOit HCTOPHqe- 

CKoi cpeAOR. BiiAiJiHTB KOHKpeTHaro qejiOBiiut hsi A&HHOi HCTopnqe- 

OBOft CpOAH B08M0HH0 SBJUh Vb a6CTpa]UUH« TaK'B KaBl SOHBpeTHO 

offB HepaspsiBeHii ci <cpeAOft» h «H0M6HT0irB>. Kasut AaHHud qe- 
ioBiKi» HenpevtHHo hooet'b Ha ce6i oTneqaiOK'B cBoefi «BnoxH>, h bi» 

STOMli CMUOJrb BGflBifi BOHSpeTHIilft HHAHBHAyyiTB eOTB HenpeiftHHO 

^cqeioBtKik AaHHaro BpeiieHH h M^Ta». TaEoaa coBpeMeHHaa TO^xa 
apiHia Ha qeioBtea, KaKi» npeAMorb Esyqema. IIpo nee mosho cEa- 
saib, qro 8T0 uemcpuHecKOH TO^Ka sptnia par excellence, ebki no- 
TOMy, qro OHa ofiflsana cbohmi npoHCxoa^AenieM'b HCTopHqecsouy Hsy- 
^enix) qeioBiqecKaro nponuiaro, TaK'B h enj^e 6ojie uOTOvy, qio aro 
edtsHcmeeHHOH TOHKa sptnifl, ci BOTopoft bosmosho Hay^Ho-HoiopHqe- 
CKoe Hsyqenie qexoBfcKa. B^ stomi cMHCxi j![aK0H6'B tuMfh 6u npaBi, 
HasBEBafl cqexoBixa At^B&ro BpeKenn h ]ilcTa» ucmopuHecKUMh ne- 
AomtKOji^, TasTi xaBi Hcropifl AtftcTBHrexBHO HsyqaerB qexoBlKa He 
HHa?e, Kasi bi» opraHH^ecEofi cbhsh oi tAaHHHHH m^ctoh'b h spe- 
MeHeirB>. 

B^ 9moMh cMucjm. Ho &*& TOiTBrTO h 6iAa, ^to xasoMOoBCEifl 
HCTopnqecKift qexoBiK'B oqeHb A^^eRi otb cSToro cMUCxa*. ^ixo bi> 
TOVB, qTO, roBopa «qexoBlKt AaHHaro Mlcra h BpeHeHH», kms.% ero 
cupHSHaDTB KB Hame Bpeuai, JIaK0H6i» bi a^ctbhtoxbhocth HifberB 
Bi» BHAy H'bTro coBCfbK'B APyroe, — ntqio Tasoe, qro «bi» name BpeHfl> 
BMieTB CTOXB SBe yojioBHoe npaBO na cys^ecTBOBaHie, EaEi» h «qeio- 
vbBi> Boo6nie». B'b caMoicB A^jii, ^to xaKoe btotb «BpeM6HHufi hjhh 
HCTopHqecKift qejiOBiBB>, no npeACTaBxenix) JIaE0M6a? IIoa^ Bpe- 

HeHHIUTB HAH HCTOpHqeCBHM'B HOlOB'bKOM'B, FOBOpHTB OHl^ <HU HOA' 

pasyMtaaeiTB qexoB&Ea Boofin^e, HSHiHeHHaro coBOEynHocTBH) CBoe- 
ofipasmix'B ycxoBifi, hj[h — nnaqe oxasaxB — cneiUajn>HOK> cpeAon» 

(Crp. 113). Ji;pjTBME CIOBBME^ «HCT0pHqeCEid qeXOBiS'B B'B Cyn(HOGTH — 

TOTB se qexoBisi) Boofin^e^ nodysAenifl h yucTBeHHaH A'^TeiLHOCTB 
xoToparo nojiyqaxH xhhib oco6oe HanpaBxeHie Bcx^bA^Bie cnei];iajiB- 
HHX'B ycxoBifi, npHcyn^HX'B Aannod anoxic (crp. 51). Hto xe sio 
SHa^HTii? ^a qTO se APyroe, Kas'B ne to, hto «BpeMeHHiifi hih hcto- 



12 PyCCKOB BOrAlCTBO. 

pH^eciifi qeJOBin* JXaionda ecn> vh cympiocni Tasu xe atferpanqff^ 
Easi H OTpHHjTHft EiTb cqeiOBtrb Boo6ii^e». IIoAofiHo nocrtxHeiy, 
ero qejEOBtsi, ABmesHiit cBoet soHKperHot HHAHBHAjaniHOCTH. On 
qeioB^Ka BOo6me ohi> ormaercfl asniB MeHimeft cieneHBD oxBie- 
qeHBOCTB, SjiaroAaps tomj, tto oen^eqejOBtqecKifl qepni b'b Heirb no- 
nojiHeHU 6oji6 qaerHiuiB qepTani €AaflHUxi» Mlcra b BpeMeHB». 9mo 
He oicueoM KOHxpefimaji AUHHoemh^ sh en KaHKpemHoU uemapuHecKOu 
offcmoHO&Kfb^ a see maim oice cUfcmpaKmmMi ^HeAomtta eooSme^. 
moAMco cb (ynme^amKOM^ doHHoU anoxu; corpaie aron 0Tne9aT0Bi» — 
B BU nojiy^BTe qacraro c^exovbEa Boo6me». HcTopsqecKift qeiOBtvB, 
^leiOBbvb ji^kHHaro Iftcra b BpeM6flB», sbki ero «npfl8flai>TB vh 
flame BpeiiB»y cctb KOUKpemHuii ^teAoenacb Ba AaBHom BcropflqacKoirfc 
^st; «BCTopBqecKit qejoBtKiti^ JlaBOMfitt — BIO fla Tom ace Bcrops- 
qecBOMi $0Bi — omejie^imHHii HSAoemch, cqejiOBtK'b Boo6flie». 

ABTOpi npaBi, ycTpaHBB cqeioBiKa BOo6n^e», xairB npeiuieTB 
BCTopflqecBaro Bsyqesifl, Tas'B Kasi BOSBeAeBie aderpasTBoi ^^bkiuh 
vb ofiieBTBBHyi) peaiBBOCTB, ;^ftcTBHTeibBO, sasJEBqaeTB B'b ce0i 
BBBoe cflcsaseflie A'iUtcTBBTeibflocTBi. CnaceHis on Tasoro «flCKa- 
aseBifl xiftcrBHT6jniB0CTfl» owh nmevb b'b cqeioBivii xasHaro BpeHesH 
fl MicTa>, BOTopHft, fla noBlpxy, osasuBaercfl jtbdib bobod aOcrpasipei). 
TaEBifb ofipasoiTB, nomiTBa BcnpaBBTb ^BCEasesie ;r6ftcTBBTejn»H0€TB» 
paspbmaeTCfl vh KOfli^i-sofli^ovb iBinb bobbimi BCsaaEeBieHi nocr^AHeft 
Ba TOTB se jtMTB. no;^ BiieBeirB «BpeMeBBaro eib BOTopaqecKaro 
qejiopbBa», Bi BOTopoMi aBTopi noAHiEHTB BacTOBBQlt cMuciB eo(J« 
OTBeBHUHi co3!taBiein» cBoero xoErpHBepcKaro TBopqeoTBa, — obi bbo* 
mTh Bi» BCTopiD Ty cauyi) adcrpaKTByi) $bki4d> Koropyi) tojebbo 
qro noABeprayn ocrpaBBSMy bi» ihi^ cqeJiOBtsa Boo6n^e>. cHaraaB- 
Bot» osaauBaeTCfl vh xoBi(i-KOBi(OBi» ae «BCBasaDn^aB A^cTSBTOib^ 
BOCTBi a6cTpasi9fl, a cocraBiBDntaB caiiyD xysiy BCTopB^ecsofi a^S- 

CTBBTeJIBBOCTH SRHBafl, KOBKpeTflafl JIBqEOCTb. CtOJIB, nOBBABMOBy, 

ptniHTeJiBBiid BCTopaqecEit EEABBBAyaiBsirb paspimaercB, bi Eoseq- 
HOHii peayjiBTarfc cBoeHi, vb ycjiOBHyn cxeiiy, wb soTopofi Be 
ocraeTCH BBBaEoro Mtcra aih SHBoro BBABBBAyajKBBaro qejioB^Ea: 
noojiiABiS, Oeai bcbbbz'b i^epeicoBift, BusEAUBaercB 3a 6opTB bcto 
pEqecEot A'^flcTBHTeiBBOCTB, noAJiesameS Hayqao-ECTopEqecEOMy no- 

SBBHiK). 

Ho EBE'B sBe, cEparnHBaercfl, 6utb nps aioirb gb cnocTyiiEaHE», 
B81 EOTOpuxi, EBE^ CEMX SO JIaE0M6^ npHBEaoTB, cjiaraerefl bcto- 
paqecEas AMcTBEieJiBBocTB? B^ab, EorAa owh roBopflTB, qro «flCTopifl 
cjiaraeicB eABBCTBOBBO jibbib s3b nocTynEosB, GOBepmaeMuxii oTA'bJiB- 
BUMB lEqEOOTBMBi, TO oqeBBABO, qTO p6qB BAeTB Be o6b a6cTpaET- 

EHXl EaEflX%BB6yAB «J!K>Aai'B B006fl^e>, XOTfl 6U B cOTldqeBBUX'B 

neqaTBK) 8noxE», a o sbbkxi, eobepothbixi BBABBBAyyMaxB, o utTb 
«flBABBBAyajiBBurB XDAflxii, EOTopuxB asTopB noABeprsyjTB pbniB- 

TeJIBBOMy 0CTpaEfl3tfy B31 BOABtAOMCTBeBHOft BCTOpBqeCEOft BayEt 

o6jiacTB. RaE'B ace lyTB 6stb? 



ECTOPIA KkKh HAYKA. 13 

BHio^a Hsi 8Toro saTpjAHeHui JbsouOh nmfivb Vh cBoeft KJiacGH- 
^HKai^H dieifeHTOB'L HCTopsHecsot ;^ificTBHTejiKHocTH, T. e. cnOCTjn- 
KOB'B*. KiacoB^Kai^iK) 8Ty OH'B nBiraeTCfl npsBooTH bi cooTfiiTCiBie 
CL TpexcooTaBHHirb lapaiCTepoHi cBoero fHHAEBHi^TjKai. IIo^6ho 
TOtfy, saKi nocjrk^ift coBMimaerb vb ce6i c^eioBisa Boo6me», 
c^exoBisa BpeMeHHaro» h saKOHein* — «HHAHBHAyaj[BHaro», lasi* h 
<BcaKOe j^ficTBie hochtIi TpoflnyK) neqaxb: offtmio^ epcMennaw h edt«- 
nmnatOT^ (crp. 12). ABiopi BUflCHflerB sro cjrbj(;yi)niHMi» npHiitpoMi. 
cIlojiosHirL, roBopBTb OBI*, ^0 AsoHHiofl Ha B 19 ceHTfl6pfl 1890^r. 

KB PflMt, Bl npHCyTCTBlH B, F, ^ H T. ;^ ECIH 06paTHTB BEBuaHie 

Ha oficTOETejiBCTBa, conpoBOEAaBHiifl dry cBaAB6y, to HteoropBifl mT> 
HHX'B oKasyicfl coBepmeHHo HCKJix)qETejn>HHicH; ho mosho sairbTflTB 
H TaEifl, EOTopuH OTJiBqaDTGE Oojrbe oCn^HMi s ^ase BceHipHiiM^ 
xapaRTepoiTB. TImi, qro STa cBaABOa npoHcxoAEJia wb Pimi, no i^epe- 
Mosiaiy, npEEffiOMy bb aroirB ropo;i;i, osa noxo;^HT:B sa MHosecTBO 
TaKHX'B se eBa^eftB; a Ti^irB, ^o ona coBepmeEa no KaTOJE?eo£Otfy 
ofipsAy^ OHa noxosca na Bci KaTOJiH^^ecKia cBaABfin. JifijAe, Kaxi 
coH>3'B MosAy sesniHEOft H Hyac9HHot< sauioqaeMufi HaBcerAa, osa 
EanoMEHaeTB 6e39flcjieHHHe noAofisue se aKTU, coBepmeEHse Wb 
pasHUfl BpeHBEa b'b paajiH^ratixit cTpanaxi. HaKonei^'B, ci to^ke 
sptHiE noJEOBoro crpeMjreHiH, Jiesamaro b'b ocHOBt fipasa, AaHHEiE 
aETB flBjrflercfl a6cojuQTHO Bceofin^ifB. TenepB, npoAOJusaerB aBTopB, 
OTMiTEiTb, CI ApyroS cropoHu, xi ^epra, ROTopuE js^biejaTh AansHft 
asrb eAEECTBeEHEXHi wb GBoeiTB poA'fi; TasoBii odcTOETOJiBCTfia Bpe- 
MOHE E irbcTa, passo KaRi e jie^hue ocofienHOCTE EOBo6paCTHX'B 

E CBEXiTeJCeft. C'B STOft TOHKE sptHJE, nOAp6H£lfi aSTB HEKOrAa He 

cjiy^aicfl pante e HHsorAa He iiOBTopETCfl» (eip. 13). Tasoft aHajHSi 
oABHasoBo npExoasEK'B Ko BCEROHy ApyroMy EOHKpeTEOify aKTy qejio- 

BtHeC&Ofi A^enHOCTE. «GT0ErB TOJIBEO BHEJCaxenEO npECMOXpiTBCfl 

Kb A'i^y, ^To6u yfiiAHTBca, ^nro Bci be^u ^ejiOBi^ecKoft A-iflTeJiBHOCTE 
npeACTaBiEionb, eomemo oco6eHHocTe8,.o6nuE n BpeMeHHUE qepTu». 
HanpHMtpii, 6flTBa npE Baxepjioo, cROTopaa Raserca eAEHCTBeHHOD 
vb cBoeMi poA^, eaiH cmotp^tb na nee iehib cb HBBicTsot to^h 
spiflifl, npeAcraBJUieTB bi> to se BpeiiE "lepru 6oiie eje uewbe 
oCnpfl, noBTopEDnuACE bo BpeMeps e npocTpaHOTBi>. Mjih bopb eme 
TaROft npHHipx. cKynjui-iipoAasa, pascMaTpHBaE a6cTpaRTso, EBifleTCE 

dROSOMHqeCREMl yqpeXAOHieiTB^ CBOfiCTBeHHUM'B BCiMl) HapoAaM'B. 

Ho eczE fl odpainy BHEKame tojebro jia odcroETeiBCTBa BpeneHE e 
Hi^cra, Ha jm^HOCTB npoAaBii;a h noRynaxeJu, na nisy TOBapa, Ha 
npEfiuJiB EiE y6uT0R'B, noJiy^eHEHe otb cA&tRE, h saRoseH;!! Ea co- 
eAEHeBie Bcix'B 8texi> ota'I^bhiixi* qepTB, to 6yAy em^tb ^rtb 6e8y- 
CJiOBHO eAHHflqEiifi> (cxp. 13—14). 

Sav'brEM'B^ ^to aBTop'B He BUAepsajrB ao ROHi^a HaMi^eHHoa 6uzo 

EITB TpeXUeHHOfl RJIaCCB4>ERa^iE flCTOpEqeCEOft A'bflCTBHTeJI'BEOCTE, 

cooTBtTCTBeHHO TpexcocTaBHOHy xapaKTepy cBoero €HHAHBEAyyMa>. 
Ha?aBi» c^B yRaaaHifl na cTpofiHyio ne^aTBi BOERaro ^eioBi^eoRaro 



4 PieClOB BOTAICnO. 

jrtttins,eoonftfeneBiOTpoicT9nHocnciKaro;rUcTi^ 
0V& uurtwisyv ranait TpexuesMyi) exenj cMxin sm x*7«eH- 
vfK nrftero «tpotBot newfE»^ hh nrfcev^ xma x»& pasn^HOii 
Yotn spftafaL cHeiopneeiie ^asm, mtun HOBcexieBHiiey wnttb 
i{0n paacanTpsBaeBB, san eo eiopom stb cxo^ma n xpjmn, 
tas» I eo eropowM wrh paaovfl: b% nepBO«& eiptask mh Mvtoirb 
jrtio a fnpeMdemjum, bo nopoirb — ^npocio n eo0iMMJJMi» (erp. 7). 
HfSBO Boftn 1% HHcro yeioBml daicnb anrb jgiyrfc TepiaaiOBi: 
eoSmmM {eoenemenU) ■ y^jieardeMui (tns^tf u/tOM). Oj^BSi m TOn se 
^asn, DO Msen JbxoMfia, Moserb (hirb paacmnpMBaem i savb 
eodinie ■ nun yipeouBme: Bee jcfcio Bfi To^rt sptaia. €^ jiCBOcn 
B yjK^6erBa BaioaseBiB, rOBopBTb ob% (crp. 14), hh 6y;(evb HasuBarb 
^am, paaounpflBaenii sarb exHHBUHt — ooterieMi, b totb se 
^anr&v paa^aTpiBaemft eo eropoBu ero exoACTBa oi jQiynDifl-— 
jipesxeaim». CrtAOBateibHO, HanpHxtpi, tersa npn fiaTepioo, 
paaoiarpsBaeHac vb eaoei soHspeTHOft exBHsuocn, ecn, no not 
TepMBBOioriB, eoterie; ho ohh craHOBBTcs j^ipeiveHieHi, ecn m 
paaenarpHBaeHb ee co eropoHH ea cxoxcTBa ci xptthhb SBTBan, 
T. e. iXKh «6btbj Boo6n|e». To se canoe hobkho csaaan h othoci- 
TexbBo opBBejieHHaro Bume npHvfcpa Rjau-npojiasB: tjtb Tasse 
HH 6yA6Hi HHtTfc xtio HiH ci» €co6HTieB'B» BO CI €y^ipeig|eHiewb», 
CHorpfl flo nainel lo^ist apinifl na AaHHHt ^asn. 

Jeno BHjrfcn, Eyxa siohbtcb Bci 8th paacysi^eHiB aBTopa. Haysa, 
Btxb, no ero npeAcraBieHiD, ;^oj[SHa 8aHHBaTi»CH tojoko oAikmm h 
czodcmeeHMUMh^ ocraBiflfl bi cropovb see eduauHiioe b ^laemiiod. 
EjuiBBUoe B ucTHoe vb BCTopB^ecEoft j^ftcTBBTeiBHocTH npe^craB^ 
JM6TCB cflflAHBB/tyaibHHHb qeiOBiKOBi»> B €oo6BmeHi», o6mee b 
cxoACTBeflHoe — «yHpeaneHleBi», Ha pa^y cb <BpeHeHBUHi» TOiOBt- 

KOHl». BHBOA'b OTdOAa HOSeTB OUTfc TOIBKO OpOTB: HCTOpiB, XBK'b 

Bayxa, AOJOCBa BHtn* jijkio jihibb ci» ynpeoicdeHuiMu (Ha-pfl^y ci cBpe^ 
HeBBHHb ^ei0BiK0HL9); qro ^o co^miiJ (sa-pa^ cb «HBABBBxyaib- 

SHHl qei0Bl!K0Hl>»), TO AO BBXl Ot Birb BBXaKOrO A^ia. jH^tttCTSB- 

teibBO, JlaxoHiSi saBBiflerb, 663% o6bhbkobi», qro ^ncoGwnie^no ccmtaA 
npupodfb eeoeit^ ne Mootcemz cmamt npedMemoMz nayHHato nosHOHui^ 
TaKi sasb Be noAAAerca ynoAoOieQin (cissimUation^ vh pyocKOHb ne- 
peBOAi nepexaHO BeroHBo: o6o(fu^eHie)y oocTaBiflnn^eHy nepsHlt marb 
flayBB> (cTp. 7). 

SaHlTBVb, nro jBtorHHecKan nocjlAOBaTexBHOTCb TpedoBaia orb 
aBTopa BtcROJibKo BHoft ^pHyjiHpoBKB ero HHCjni. Euy 6u cjri^xo- 
Bajio rOBopBTb paaiBqiH AByxi HaHiqeHHuxx bhi ToqeBi sptaia 
Ba coAepsaHie BCTopfl^ecKoft AtficTBBTejbBocTB, a Be o ^npapoifc oo- 
6HTifl», iipoTBBonojiosHofi cnpapoA'b y^pesAoniB*- BnpoTOUi, ero Be 
eABBCTBeBBHt ciyqaft, ^to ohi> hb BHAepsBBaerb ao kobi^ canBHb ase 
cefit BaABBBaro TOBa b nocTOBHBO cpHBaoTca cb Bero. Tan b btl 
BacToameHb cjryqat, naqaBi ch npomueonoAOOieeHiH deyxb mo^^eKh 
3pnmH na eodepoieaHie ucmopuHecKoa dthticmeumej^HOcmuj 0THi^eH<- 



HGTOPlfl BAXl HA7KA. 15 

BHSi HiTB TepifHHaMH €co6s[Tifl» H cy^pesAOHifls, owb ROHHaoTB t£mi, 
^TO Ha^BHaeTB npomueanoAatamh coStimiH u yHpeotcdeHiH, natn dea 
paajmHtmn BMMeitma noeMtdne^L PaarpaHH^eHie AByxi TO^esx 3piHifl 
iipeBpaiDiaeTCfl bi padHeseBame cuiot arot ffificTBHTejiBHocTF. Hjrcro 
JorH^ecxafl npoTHBonoJiosHocTB pfijx'h To^esi apiiBUE, To-ecib aBieaie 
ojGiieKTHBHaro nopajpuh, B^pyra, no mj^ubeuj BeaiHBi), no aBTop- 
cKOiy xoTbHBD, npeBpamaeTCfl vb o(h»eRTHBHyD npoTHBonoiosHocrb 
j^ByrB Baxeropid peajLbHux'b ^asTOBi. CooTBiiOTBeHHo SToicy cTpas- 
HOMy lorHqecKOMy «npeBpaii^eHi]D», HBEay^HOCTB ^^bIothoS to^h 
spiHifl npeBpaniAeTGff y aBTopa b'b cnpoTHBOHay^HocTbi oaHaro ofiieBxa 
Hsy^eHifl. He Ta ub Apyrc^ Toqita dpinifl yaice OKasuBaeTOn npore- 
BOHayqBofi; npoTHBOHayraoit OKasuBaeTca yse HiiROTopafl ^^acTB oaMOft 

;^iCTBHTeJIBHOCTH. ^ifiCTBHTeJIBHO, JIbEOMGi, HHCKOJILKO, nOBHI^HMOMy, 

He noAOsptBaDmifi Bcefi ^yAOBHmHOCTE cBoero <OTKpuTifl», jijbsmrb 
HoxopHHecKyi) ;i[lftoTBHTej[BHOci:^ Ha jijA cqacTHi, hsi Koropiixi, no 
ero MHtHiD, cojijHa AOXSHa Gsarb Aocrynna Hay^HOHy noanaHiiD, Apyran 
me — Hbrbi (crp. 8). Bi cocraBi nepBOiqacTnBxoAflT%€yqpesAeHifl>, 

BTOpOH — «006UTifl>. A TBRl KaRl «C06HTie2) CraBBTCfl JIaK0M60]rB BX 

cooTHomeHie cb cHHAHBHAyaiBHHMii qeiOBiKoiTB*, a «yqpeaBAeHifl» 
CB ^BpeMOHHuifB ^BJLOskEOWbT^ , TO KOHi^eni^ii) aBTopa MOSHo npe^- 
oraBHTb CB ojrbAynn^eft HariflAHott cxeM-b: 

; no3HaBa6Hafl Bay^Ho L> „ 

I ' I BpCMeHHldt VMOB^KB. 

HcTopHHecKafl xMctbht. . 

/ \ CoCuTifl. 

'Hay^HO HenoBBaBaemafl ' 

«n8y?aH HCT0piX)», — rOBOpHTB JIaEOMGB, — «MHy nOHHTHO, AOJUKHH 
CraHOBHTbCfl HCEiIK)qHTe4BH0 Ha BTy TO^By 8piHifl» (OTp. 8). HCTOpifl 

TOJiBBO noAi TiMTi ycioBioH'B HoaceTB craiB Haysoft b'b coOctbohhomi 
cmiGJii, ecAH 6yAeTb sanHnaTBCfl ucKMOHumeAbHO nepBOX) hsb axHX'B 
AByxi «qacT6fi ncTopHqecBofi A'^^ficxBHTejiBHOcTni, oocToamefi hsx 
<yqp6aKAenift», fb cBfl3H ci cBpeMeHHuifB qeioBiBOMi*, npeAOCxa- 
BBBii Apyryx) cqacTBi, cocToaHiyK) hst* «co6uTifi>, bi» cbhsh cb 
cHHABBBAyajiBHUM'B qoxoBtBOicB]^, npocToit <8pyABI^H>| noTOHy qro 
TOJBBo nepBafl nsii bthx'b «qacTefi» cji^ocTyuHa HayqHOHy no8HaHix)»; 
qro AO nocjiiAHeft, to ohb^ cno caMofi npapoAi OBoeds, no cBoeHy 
<npoTBBOHayqHOMy xapaBTepy», «He MoserB OTaxB npeAMeroiTB Ha- 
yqnaro nodHaBia» (cxp. 6 h 16). 

TasoBB OBoHqaTOJiBHuft peayjiBTaTB^ B'B soropoMy npHxoAHTB Jla- 
KOM&B 0TH00HT6JIBHO ycioBifi HayqHOCTH HCTopiH^ TaBOBO 8aBU)qeHie 

HSl TiXl AByX'B nOClUOBl, BOTOpUff, BaBl UH BHA:&][H, JierJIH B'B 

ocHOBaHle ero TeopexHqecBaro nocTpoeniH. 



16 PyCCKOS BOrATCCBO. 



m. 



Bi BTOiTL sasiDTOHiH, codcTBOHHo roBopfl, i^eHTiyb TiixecTH Bcero 
o6%eMHCTaro TpasraTa JlaKOHfia, nocBfln^eflHaro HMeHHO pasBHTiD h 
odocHOBaHin aroro noJioseHui. 

PaafiHBaTb Mucib npaBUBHyi) — ^ssaqHTb ee o6ocHoetMamh, pas- 
BBBaTB JKHKHyn MUCA— 3HaqHTB onpoecpiamh ee. J[aK0M6'L cam* no- 
Hoserb Hani pimHTb, ki KOTopoll h8t» othxi KBjXb saieropift Aojusna 
<$UTb OTHecesa ero leopU. HanoMHHMi cyniHOCTb nociiAsei. Haj^- 
Hag HCTopifl AOJSBHa aicfcrb jki^o HcunqBreAHO ci yipesAeHuuiH, 

Bl CBflSH db cBpeMeHHHITB '9eiOBlEOM'B>; «Co6iITUI]rB», (Tb CHHAHBH- 

;(yaj[bHUMi> qej[OBlKoin>» Hirb h He Kosen 6utb Micra bi say^iHot 
HCTopiH. He TpyxHO 6iuo oTsie^eHHO ycraHOBHTB Tasoe noiosesie; 
eoBebn HHoe j^kjio, Korxa aBiopi qpnuraica npuoaurrb cbob a6- 
crpaKTHyi) ^piiyiy ei j^cTBHtejiBHOMy isyqemx) HcropH^ecBot x^* 
TeJEbHocTH. 3;i;tei> osaaaiocB, BO-^epBfi[x^, ^to cBCflRoe yqpexA^Hie 
EaqBHaexcfl ex rpro, ^to saEoft HHfiyAb ^eiOBiKii snepBue Ha^BHaerb 
coBepmaTb £aEoe-JH6o A'^fiGTBie, noTOMb BoaaiKaeTb n^ui paj^b no- 
Xo6hiixi» se AificTBlS». «TaKH]rb ofipaaoirb, vb canoirb Ha^aii^, bo3- 
HHKaDn^ee ynpeoicdeHie HMierb xapaKxepi HHAKBHAyaibHaro ^ifst^ASL, 
T. e. coGtAmia. To^ho rasse oao He npeEpan^aerca cpasy, a nocxe- 
neHHO cbysHBaerca h EOH^aeTca lasb se, sasi h Ha^aiocb, vh BHX'b 
HHAHBBAyaAHaro A'McTBiii, coGumuiy^ (crp. 14 — 15). H Tasb, <co6h- 
Tie», BurBaHHOe hsb HCTopiH Bb o^Hy A^epb, BosBpanvteTcs B'b nee 
.repeal APyryx). OsasHBaeTCfl, tto BcaEoe cyqpesAeHie», wb cBoen'b 
Haqai'l, xasi h bi» CBoeMi* EOHi^i, ecib Bcer^a HtsoTopoe «co6uTie>; 
a TasB EBETi cHayqHo no8HaTb» Hexbaa HHsaxoe A&HHoe cyqpea^e- 
Bie», He €D03HaB'b> ero naqaia h soHi^a, to HCTopnecEOft naysi, 
Bb BexBsoMy oropqeHix) JIaE0M6a, BOxeft-neBOxefi - npHxoAHToa HirbTb 
Atxo H Gi cnpoTflBOHayqHuvb no npHpoA^ cBoeft» €co6£meirb>, qio 
H npH3HaeTb caMx aBTopi, cxptoH cepwe (cTp. 15), ocraBxafl npH 
dTOKB qHTarexH wh noxnoifb HOAoyMiHiH OTHOCHTexbHO Toro, saxi 

COBMiCTHTb BB OAHOft BOHI^eni^iH npH3HaHie GeSyCXOBHOft E6B03M0X- 

HOCTH cHayqno nosHaTb co6firrie> cb npHSHaHieMi Heo6xoxHHOCTH m- 
Koro no8HaHifl vh HsaicTHKX'b cjiyqaflXB. 

OcraBXflfl BB cTopofli BTOTb xHnraifi npHiiipi HenpHEysxeHHaro 
o6pan(eHifl asropa cb xorHKofr, saMiTHMB, qxo, He CMorpa Ha Bce 
ycepAie e 6AHTexbH0CTB nocxiAHSi'o, HsrHanaHft hub cnpoTHBOHayq- 
Hufi 8JieHeHTB» BTopraercfl bi ncTOpiBD em^e h cb Apyi^^ CTopoHBi. 
HcTopHqecKift npoi^ecci ecib E'l^xoropoe nocrynaTexbHoe XBHsenie, 
nporpeccB. JlaxoMfiB ho toxbro npasHaerb 8to, ho h ysasuBaeTB abh- 
syn^yx) cBxy axoro nporpecca. 8to ABHsyn^ee naqaxo ecxb cHOBme- 
ctbo hxh H3o6pixeHie» (innovation ou invention), BHOcHMoe bbhcto- 
piD < HB^i^fiHAyaxBHiiiMB 8xeHeHX0H'B> (Apyroo Ha3BaHie, ynoxpefiJuieMoe 
JlaKOMCoiTB fliH <HHAHBH;i;yaxBHaro qexoBtKa>) (cxp. 216). A xaE'b 



i 



HCTOPIfl JLLBTb EAJJUl. 17 

KaEi, coriacHO ciOBoynoTpefiJieHix) asropa, bchkob EHj^HBHAyaiBvoe 
AiflcTBiB ecTb coSwnie^ to cofisrieirB ae flBiflexoH h Bcasoe chob- 
mecTBO H H8o6i>iTeHie>. AtficTBurejoHo, no ero co6cTBeEHO]iy saiiB^ 
jieHiK), cHOBmecTBo — oro to ase, ^to eo6iiTie, pasoHaxpraaeKoe cb BHoft 
To^BH aptmfli, T. e. cb toish spink nporpecoa. 

H TaK'B, <npoTHB0Hay?Haa ^acrb HCTopH^ecsofi ;^fioTBBi'ej[BHocTH>, 
HanepoKop'b Bcim ycHxiflirb h yxHnQ)eHiaM'B aBTopa, oo Bctxi* cto- 

pOH^ HejAOpSHHHirB nOTOKOlTB BpHBaOTOfl Bl> HGTOpiH), JIOMafl H c6- 

Kpymafl Ha oBoeirB njTH Bci BOdABHrHyTua hitb HCEyccTBeHHHfl npe- 
rpaAU. JIorH^ecRifi eohoio, Kb KOTopoMy npHBOABTB pasBHTie mhcih 
JIaKOHfia, npoAcraBiaerb TaRHn ofipasoirb ea nojiHoe onpoBepaseHie. 
Bi cyn^HOCTH aBTopi npoffbiajTb sa^^ cBoeft HAeeft totb upieir^ ro- 
Topuft cii TasHifB ycnixoiTB npHiaraercui bi> reoMOTpiH. BiiicTo npa- 
Horo AOBaaaTejEBCTBa HSBioTHott hcthhh, tfepyrb ea aHTffresy h npo- 
BOAflTb noci'bAHSD Ao ea lorH^ecKaro KOHi^a; o^eBHAHaa aeiinocTb 
KOHe^aaro BHBO^a ciysHTB bi droirb cjiyqai AOKasaTeJO^CTBOirB npeA- 
nojiosETeiBHO orpHHyroft bcthhh. HiceHHO ci> Tasoro po^a cAOsasa- 
TOJOBCTBOM'B 0TB npoTHBHaro>, nyTBid reductio ad absurdum, HMieirB 
Mil A^bjio H wb aameiTB ciy^ai. B'b caHoirB /^bi, eojiH mo A:bftGTBH- 
ToiBHo yAajiocB AOEasaTB J[aR0M6y, to aTO — aficonyrHyK) hobosmos- 

aOCTB |[CKJI]DqaTB SOHKpeTHO-aHAHBHAyaJ[BHUtt BieMearB HBl 06JiaCTE 

HGTopffiecKaro <no3EaHia>, t. e. Kasi padi* o6paTHoe Tony, hto owb 
BUill Wb BHAy AOEasaTB. 

AonycTBM'B, oAHasOi teo JIas0H6y yAaiocB Bnoiai aMaaipiiiipoBaTB 
HCTopHqecKys) aaysy orB <co6Brria» ci aepaaiy^HHH'B ero cnyraa- 

KOM'B — cHHAHBHAyajnbHUM'B dieMeHTOlTB* • HO KU SHaOlTBi HTO, DO Jla- 

R0M6y, aroTB caMuft c HEAHBHAyaiBHiift 8JieMeaTB> cooraBJEaerB canyi) 
Aymy HCTopa^ecKaro opoqBcca, aBJUiacB eduncmeeMHiAMz ucmo^HUr 
noMz ucmopuHecmio deuoiceHiH; a pas'B aroTB ajteHearB <He noA^e- 
SHTB aay^HOMy nosaaHiioi, ae HoserB euy noAiesaTBB canuftBCTO- 
pa^ecKifi npoi^eccB, noTOuy ^xf> 6e8i ABaseaia nivb a npoi^eccay a 
ABHseaia wbrb 6e8% caoBmecTBa a E8o6piTeaia», Kami 8Toro hogjAa* 
aaro airB fieai caaAaBBAyaJiBHaro dJieaearai a <co6irda>. Buxo- 
ABTT», ^To co6cTBeaa£[fi npeAMOTB acTopia oKaauBaoTca aenoAiesa- 
j[mwb BCTopaqecBoay aay^eaiiD... Botb b^ab b^b ^eay npoBOAarB lo- 
FHMecKoe npoAOJiseaie micxa JlaaoMda. RyAa ee aa noaepaa, aa- 
npaao xa— npoTaaopitie, aaxiBo la — a6oypAB. 

IV. 

cBiXBcaBTB nyTB>, BOAyniie Kb noxosBTejEBHOMy padpimeaix) bo- 
apooa o6i acropia sasi aayK*!, — Tas'B oupeAi^erB JEaKOKSi cbod 
aaAa^y. Mu BaA;bj[B, ayAa wb A^ftcTBHTejiBaocTa BOAyTB ara <nyTa>. 

B'B HeiTB se A^o? 

A&io ae BB OTAiJtBBuxi TeopeTa^ecsax'B aeAOOMOTpaxi a lora- 
^ecKHxi npoaaxaxi, b'b EOTopHxi, aiipo^eirB, Tose airB aeAO- 



18 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

ciaxKa y JIaK0M6a, — ho Bce-TaKH He Kb otom-l jsjkno, a ^ ca- 
MOii nocmauoeKfb aadanu. I]^eHTpl> Tflsecrn oinH6RH iiesHTb ho 
CTOJiBKo wb oTBirb, CKOJIBKO Wb caifOiTL Bonpoci. Oiiin6Ea jdasoHGa, 
KOTopyiD OHt, BnpoqeMx, paBAijierb ci HiKOTopHMH Hst cbohx'b 
np6AmecTBeHHHK0Bi>, saEJUo^aeTCfl imeHHO b'b jioshoitl noHEMaHia 
caMaro Bonpoca o Hay^HocTH BCTopiH, noHHManie, ROTopoe <;ipy3Lfl> 
HCTopin npHHJUE Ha Bipy otb cBparoBi^. OmEfiOHHOcxB aroro no- 
EEHafliif saEJCBO^aeTCfl ez aoo/chomz npedcmaeAeHtu o cyumocmu uaar 
dancuch naynu eooffme. Pa3HHi^a HesAT «BparaHfl» HCxopiE, b% poj][t 
monenrayepa ejih FyiinjioBfl^ay cl o;^ho& cxopoHH, e f;y)y3baMH», 
Bi poA* JlaKOMfia — ci Apyroft, jeieb bi, tomb, tto nepBHe pascya- 
AaioTB iipE6j[E3flTej[BE0 TaKB: HayEa Boo6n(e EHierB a^o toj[bso (tb 
o(?1^f1iw^ E nocmojiHHfAMz^ efi a^& H'Itb [jifi edunuHnato h undueudy- 
ajihHaio\ ECTopifl, Kasi pasi Hao6opoTB, EuterB cboemi iip6AHeT0in» 
EM6EH0 qacTHoe, eABHE^Hoe, EHAEBEAyajiBHoe: cjiiAOBaTeiBHO, ECTopifl 
He ecTB E He hosotb 6£itb HayRofisB coficTseHHOMB cMucji'fc. A «Apy8Ba>, 
HaiHHafl CBoe pascysA^Hie cb Toro se caMaro noioseHifl, ?to HayEa 
saHHiiaeTCH toibso oGm^Mb h nocmojiHHUMz^ t. e. EaxeropiflMs e 8a- 
EOHaME, a He eduHunnuMz e undueudyaAtntAMz^ t. e. Ben^aMEEERie- 

mSME Bl BTb EOHEpeTHOi poajTBHOCTE, BUBOAflTB OTCDAa COBepmOHHO 

Efioe 8aEJ[D?eHie. Ecjle — xasB pa3cysA&H)TB ohe — naysa BooCn^e 

EMieXB A^O HCEJIIK)^ETeJ[BHO CB 06n^flMB, a He CB eAEHEqHBTM^, CB 

saEOHaHE, a ne cb HBieHifliiE, to naAO, vto6u e Ecxopifl saHziiajtacB 

TOJDIBKO nepBBLMH E OTEaSBJiaCB OTB HOCJltAHEXB, E TaSEH'B nyTOMB 

oHa Hoserb craTB Haysoft. TasoBa Bi^h b'B cyn^HocTE jorE^ecEas 
noAEjaARa TeopiE jIaR0M6a^ — e ho oahofo JIaR0ii6a. Egjle noaiiAHlfi> 
«BB npocroTi cepAiia», AyuaerB, ^rro eny yAajiocB otephtb coBop- 
mefiHO HOBue, hhr'^mb en^e ho E3BiA&HHue cnytfli, Toaxo ne tosie^ 
saEi OAHO ES-B riTh 6osfbe ejie iieH'be neBEHHKXB canoofiojiBn^eHift, 

EOTOpUME aBTOpi 06fl3aHB HO EHOHy ^OMy, EaRl CBOeny ESJIEIEHeHy 

ycepAiE) no ^aciE peROMeHAyeMOfi Kohtomb icHOBroBoS rErieHH». JIa- 
£oh6i e He sairb^aeTB, ^o b'b cyn^ociH OffB RpysHTCH bt> toitb ase 

3£(R0J[A0BaHH0HB Rpyrt, E3B EOToparo He MOrJIE HafiTE — A& H He EO- 

RaiE — BuxoAa ero npeAmecrBeHHEEE. IIpesAe lAwb ECRaTB €hob£[xi 
iiyTeft», HeoCxoAHMo paaopBaiB btotb BaEOJTAOBaHHHa Epyrx, bb ro- 

TOpOMl BCb «HOBUe UyTE> 0Ea3UBaK)TCfl JIBIHB CTapUME, A&BHUITB 
AafiHO npOTOpOHHIiIME TpOHEHEatfE. HoofixOAEHO nOROE^ETB paSB Ha- 

BcerAa cb OTMi^eHHUirB naMH ysREKi e oahoctopohhhmb npoAcraB- 
jEenieH'B o cyn^HocTE e BaAa^axi nayRE, — ^npeAcraBieHieMB t^ub' 6o- 
jAe CTpaHHUtfii, ^to, ho Eiiifl noAi* co6oJt HERaREX'B cepBeBH&ix*B Teo- 
peiE^ecREX'B ocHOBanifi, oho ORaBUBaoTCH bb to se Bpeiifl bb p^i^niH- 
niHTeiEBHOMB pa3JiaAi^ e cb ^aETEqecREMB nojEOsenieM'B a'^^a- Bi ca- 
HOMB a1^% Ha ^OMB ocflOBaHo OTO EpeACTaBJieflie, CyATO ji^o nayRH — 
daHEMaTBCH ECRJiDUTejiBHO KamciopijiMu Ben^efi h saKonoMu HBJieHifti 
a Ao caMBLXB eemetl e machiu^ vh exb EHAHBEAyaJiBHoS KOHRpeT- 
HOCTH, efi H^TB HERaROFo A^Jia?..* Bb TaRoiTB cjiyna)^, acxpoHOHia 



HCTOPIfl RAE!B HA7EA. 19 

Tosce He Hayisa, nomiiy "ito oHa aaHHiiaeTCfl He o^hehh omuotueHMMu, 
HO H eemoMu^ ho oahhuh saKOHam «He6ecHoft uexaHnKE.», ho TaRse 
E Ee6ecHUMH rbjiaiin bi> hx-b soHspeTHofi eAHHH^mocTH. Egih acTpo- 
HOMik Hsy^aeTB noBepxHOOTB jryHH hulhl CTpoeme coini^a (acrpo^HSHKa), 

TO HO nOTOHy, ^TO paSC^IHTHBaeTB OTRpilTB npH 8T0irb KaKoi-HB6y;^ 

HoBufi saROFB, a noTOHj, ^TO cojiHi^e H lyna, ccuum no cefftb, ez ceaeH 
KOHKpemHoU undtMudycMhuocmUj npeACTaBiflDTL nay^muft HHiepeci. 
SarbMi, acrpoHOHi Hsy^aerB ne o6uiiE toilro nameiopiU He6ecHHXi 
TbJL'b^ HO H caHUfl 8TH mfbAa, ei uxh KOfiKpemnail, edunumocmur, 
MapcB, lOnHTep'B, CaTypHB h t. a. npeAcraBJuiDTb HayraHft HHre- 

peCB, B^A^, HO B'B Sa^eCTBt JTHIIIB 8K8eMnXflpa He6eCHUXl» T&TB H8- 

BicTHoS KaToropiH (ujiaHerx), ho h caHH no ce6i, Bi Ka^ecTBi^ «eAn- 

HH^HHX'L flBJieHifi»^ OTIH^HHX'L 0TB BCflBHX'B JQ^yFHXX € ABJieHift> TOft SO 

saTeropiH. ^yrHHH cxoBaMH, acrpoHOHia Hiirlei*B a^o hotoibko cb 
BHABMH, HO TBKse (fb HHAHBHAyyMaHH, BOHpesH IQoneHrayapy, yr- 
BepsAaDmeHy, ^o finayKH roBoparB Boer^i^a tojlbko o bhabxii h 
SHaTB. HH^ero He xothitb o&b «HHAHBH;^yMaxi», h BonpeRH JlaK0M6y, 
npH3HaH)n^eMy, neHSBicTHO na KaKOifB ocHOBaaiH, HHAHBHAy&JQ>Ho-KOH- 
xpeTHEifi 8JieHeHTB — «npoTHBOHayqHH]n>)>. Hjih bshtb reoJDioriiD, 8a ko- 
Topoft hhkto He j^aeTB fb Hacroaniee Bpeus ocnapHBaxB SBanie h 
SHa^enie HayKE, e o^HaRO se ona npesAe Bcero EM'beTB bi* be;^ ho 
o6mee e nocmoHUHoe^ a KauKpemno-eduHUHHoe e vHdueudyaAbuoe^ Vh 
BH^i dannuijc^ e^ dtbUcmeumeAbHocmu reoiorH^ecREXi o6pa30BaHiA, 

DJiaCTOB'B, HaCJOeHitt, ByJIRaHH^eCREX'B SBJieHift E T. n., E SERaREX'B 
SmOHOffh H6 OTUCRBBaeTB, TBRl RaRl BCHROHy HSB'J^eTHO, ^TO B'B o6- 

pasoBaHiE soMEofi Ropii sERaRie APyrie saROES He npHHEifarorB 
y^acria, RpoHi saROHOBi ^hsere^ HexasHRE e xemIe, e noTouy hh 
OAHOMy reojEory se npaxoAEJio en^e B'B rojiosy OTUCREBaiB oco6ii6 
reoiornqecRie saRonu homemo saROEOsx o6n^e-$B8E9ecREX'B. Bo- 
npoRE monesrayapoBCROMy onpeA^eHiD aa^a^'B sayRE, reojioiia ro- 
BopETB He «o TOMi, ?T0 cyH^ocTByeTB BcerAa», a RaRx pas'B Eao6o- 
poTB— «o TOMi, ^TO 6bijio pas'B E m&vo yse fiojrbe HirB>. Kas^oe 
reojorn^ecRoe o6pa30Basie, RasAHfi reojiorEqecRifi nepioAfB €6hji'b 
TOJiBRO pa3i E ero yse 6oj[ie-HirB». H oAHaRO 8to ee icaio eo ifb- 
HiaoTi cyH^ecTBOBaTB nayfcifb reojiorifl... 

Ha npEuipb acrposoMlE e reoJiorlE hosho bea^tb, <ito eAEHEH- 
floe H HSAEBHAyaj[BSoe aBJiaiOTCH se tojbro cpedcmeoMz^ eo TaRse h 
lifbAh^ HayqHaro nosEaHia, — ^to SHaqeme ROBRpeTEaro aieMeHra se 
orpaHflqEBaeTCH MyoiceSHoio poMw^ no ^to oe'b npeAcraBjraerB e 
coMOcmojimeAhHiAu nayHHuH unmepecb. Ha npEMipi reoioriE, Rponi 
Toro, MoasHo bba'^tb, ^to ROHRpeTHoe 3HaHie, aBJiaDni;eeca Heo6xoAE- 
1111111 EHrpeAieflTOiTB BcaRaro onuTHaro SHaEia, MoserB TaRme nojiy- 
^BTB E caMOcmo:imeAhHoe snaHenie B'B Ra^ecTBi oco6ou naynu* 

TaROBo ^aKmunecKoe noAoofceHte dftAa. Hto Racaeica meopemuue- 
CKuxb ocHoeamU Toro ysRaro onpeA'bieHia nayRE, ecxoah hs'b roto- 
paro JIaR0H6i» Aomei'B ao cBoero BOofipasaeHaro OTRpuTia hobbix'b 



20 P70GIOB BOFATCTBO. 

njrei Vb ptmeHuo Bonpoea o&b Ecropin Kam naysi — ^!ro f,o leope- 
rmecBSTb ocHOBasit, to iHraTeib Tn^eiHO cran 6ii Bcsaxi* srs y 
avropa. Boe ;i^o ocHOBaHD, noBHXKMOiiy, Ha Hej^opasyiitsiH, Koropoe 
pasA^JHen, BupoiievL, se oahhi JlasoM6i. HeAopaajiitHie aro sauiH 
qaercfl Bi npeAcraBieiui, 6yjrro Toyssoe noHEMame HaysH, o soxoponb 
HAerb pi^, flBiaerofl ^itb to Baojrai ycraflOBieHSuirb b% Eayzt h 
ycraHOBxeHHiarB mfi co BpeiieHH KosTa. Bo boakoitb ciy^at, sor^a 
ryioLioBHirb, CToanot vb aahhoitb ciynai na cahoA nowfc ci Jla- 
l^O][6oirby ci o6inHoft CBoei oaiioyBipeHHOCTbi), saflBiaeTB ^no «no- 
EflTie Hayn Tasi se Aft^^so otb hctopesob'l, TaEse nxoxo nosai- 
xaercii huh, KaK'b ao EonepHsaa acTpoHOKu ee itorjra ce&b jsLCEWtb 
HAe» Bpan^eHifl 8e]un» (CatrioJuniH u noAumuKa, erp. 19). to o^e- 
BiAHo, 0Hi> HO noA03piBaeTB, ^To €He^0HHMU>B^e HCTopHEH> 8anp[- 

DTB Wb AUCTBHTeiBHOCTH HO CBOO, HMH CnOI^aiLHO H806piTeSH06 BO- 

HSHaHie HayxH, a to, Koropoe ^SBHBajrL se hhoA kto, saKi otoi^ «oo- 
jiOBHTeuHoi ^flioco$iH» H KOTopoe, Vb rjiaBHuxi qepTaxi gbohx'b, 00- 
TaeToa rocnoACTBjDBptirb h bt» coBpeiieHHOft nayrt. B% caiioirb a^^ 
TOjn>Ko npE KpaflEB nOBepxEOCTHOMi SEasoHCTBi (yb K^eoMb KosTa 
MOSHO BBiflecTE TO npeACTaBJEesie HayKi, ci KasflX'B hu Borpi- 
qaoHCE, EanpflMip'L, y JIaROMfia hie ryMUOBEU. Eypcz AiierBETeiBHO 
nocBfln^eHi HCKJED^Tejo>H0 pascHOTpiHix) affcmpaKmumxb HayKi»; ^to 
AO KOHKpemHuxh Bsjvb, to hhi ne OTBOAeEO B'b fcjfpcfb HHBaKoro 
illoTa. Ho oBHAiTeJocTByerb xe bto toitb, ^qro Kohtb ho c^Eiajrb 
Eib nayKOMu Bi> co6cTBeHHOirL CMHCjri? HE^yrB He 6uBaxo. RoHn 
caMi oGiflCHEOTi Vb saiaf& CBoero tcj/pca, teo nocrtAHift 6yAeTB no* 
cBEQ^eHB pasotforptHix) OAHtxi toi&ko aforpasTHUxi EayKi, BO-nep- 
BUTb AU Toro, Tro6H vb BEAy o6mEpEocTH E cjiojKEOCTE npeAMOTa 
€saRi» MOSHO 6ojrito oospaTETb pasBErie CBoero o6niEpflaro TpyAa» 
(Cours dephilosopMe positive^ T. I, crp. 57) H bo BTopHTb noTOMy, 
TTO no ero HsiEix) paspadoTsa aticTpaKTSHX'b sayBib AoncEa npoA- 
nieoTBOBaTb pa3pa6oTKi nayRi kohepotehxi (Tairb se crp. 58). 
Oaso flsi ocHOBHHX'B HOJioseHift KoETa saKiD^aeTca bi tohi, hto 
aficrpaKTEUE nayKE, t. e. EaysE, ESciiAyDndE nocTOflEEua OTEome- 

HIE MOHAy EBieElailE, EJIE TOBOpE SOpOTKO— 3aK0HH, — HpOACTaB- 

uerL C060D Heo6xoAEEuft 6a8EG'B au Eayxi BOSKpejEiixi, t. e. 

EXkS>inflTb JSJkJLO 01 CaEEXE EBieEiEME, KaS'b OEE A&HK Vb KOHKpeT- 
HOft Af^^^TBETOJOiEOCTE. IlpOrpeCCrb nOCXiABEX'b, TEEEJTb ofipasoHik, 

Bceqiio SEacAeTCE Ea ycoixaxi, a^&omux'b nepBiocE. B'b loaEoMi 
A^iy ^To Tasoe KOEspoTEafl HayKa? Chiohil a& peaom'b cirfcmHBaiyrb 
KOEEpeTEyD Eaysy ci naysoft onucameAbnoil^ h stem'b EeAopasyvi- 

SieiTB 06l»flCEfleT0E, 6iITL MOXOTl, OT^aCTE E TO 0TpflI](aTejn>E06 otho- 

moHie Vb KOEKpeiEofi EayKi, ci Koropim cEJomB a& peaohi^ npE- 
xoAETOfl Bcrpi^aTbca, OEEcaTeuEaa saysa, KOEoqHO, eo jos/berb ca- 
HocTOETejiBEaro BEa^eEiE qi paAy HayKi, — 8to ne ecrb Eaysa vb 
co6eTBeEE0M'B CMUCJi'^, a nniB noAroroBErejubEafl CTyaoEB nocxd^ABoty 
npocToft saTaioFb AftHHHxi, EEis)npfi SHa^eHie ieeib saicL Eaxepian 



HCTOPIA EARl HAYfiA. 21 

Aifl Hay^ffiaro s^aHifl, se fiojiie. BcAKaa oauTsafl HayKa HM'^eri* odh- 
caxejniHyiD ^acTB, h 6j}ifiTh jie axa ^acTB caicocTOflTejUiHOH j^hgi^hiijiih- 
Hoft HJiE siTb, B'L o6oHX^ cjiyqaflxi oHa eciB Heo6xoAHMH& aHxe^e- 

AeHTB HajEE Bl COCCTBCEEOM'L CHUGJii. IIOaTOMy 0T0S;^6CTBJieHi6 EO- 

HETifi flayKH KOSKpexEofi fl OEEcaTaiBsofi, eGTeGTBesEiui'B o6pa3oirb, 
npEBOAETB Kb SESBej^eflifl) nepBoB Ea GxeneEB npocroro ciuaAa Ma- 
TepiaaoBi ]ifla flacToani;eS EayKE. ^o KasoS GreneBE Kosti 6umi> 
AuieKB OTB no;^o6Baro CHimesifl nosflrifi:, be^ijeo yse e3i» Toro, ^o 
y sero KosspeTEaE Eayxa, m> npoTEBonojosEociB oESGaTejBSoft, He 
npedtuecmeyefm a6cTpaRTSoft, a cAtbdyerm 3a noGJii^^Eefi. He KOEKpeT- 
Has EayKa cjysflrb no;i;roTOBflTej[BEofi GTynesBX) ;pa aficTpasTsofi, a 
flao6opoTL— a6GTpaKTsafl sayKa EBiEerGfl no;i[roTOBBTejiLEoa cryaeHBi) 
ana. EayKE KOHsperHofi; nocsijsmB onEpaerca sa nepByx), KaKX ^ys- 
AaHeBTB. no cBoeMy BsaEHsoicy OTSomesii), ;];Ba pHAaHaysi — a6cTpaKT- 
EHxt E KOBKpeiBHX'B— EBJuaiDTca, Cfh 8Toft TO^KE 8p*Hia, nepBHa— 
ocHoentAMU. EOGJEi^Hia npottaeodntAMu: fondamentales e secondaires 
(cxp. 57), Bautoxe: He ijiaentAMu e emopocmeneHutAMu, a ochoomamu h 
npomeodnuMu. Ji^ino HAerb He o npeEMyn^ecTsi oAflixi EaAi» APy* 
THHE, a JEfliQB cyni;EOCTE B3aHHH£[x^ oTHOBieEift vesAy AByiia Teo- 
peTE^ecKE-paBsoi^'i^HEUME RaTeropiHME HayRi. Egih sa^a^a aficipaRT- 
EHXi flayR'B saKJUoqaeTca B'L lOTRpitriE aaRosoB'B, ynpaBJiaK)n(EXi 
pasjiE^HUHE RaxeropiaHE aBJ[esi&», to sa^a^a flayR'B KOERpeTEmi'B 

COCTOErb Bl> €npEJB[02ResiE aTEX'B SaROEOBl* R'B jD(iftGTBETeJIBHOtt BGTO« 

piE KOERpexEuxx oyn;ecTB'L» (laifB ace, CTp. 56). TaROBo, EaopEMip'B, 
OTEOEieEie oCmeii ^tmojhotiu, x. e. CiojioriE, k% HacmuoH ^usioAotiu^ 
T. e. soojioriE tfb 6oTaHERO&. IlepBaa. EayRa agGrpaRXEaa, Eirberb 
BB BEAy o6iii;ie saROEH, ynpaBJuuomie aBJieEiaHH aREBoS npEpo^u; no* 
cjiiAHia, ROERpeTSua sayKE, saEEMaDTca EsyqeaieMB ROERpeTEUxn^ 

4)0p]rB aCEBOft npEpOAU, RaR'B OE^ A^HEI BI A^fiGTBETeiBHOCTE, G% 

ToqRfl ap^Eia ofinprn 6ioj[orHqecREX'B aaROHOBi. ^Bi* xaROHi ae ot- 
HomeHiE cxoET^ XEida R'B HEEepajoriE. XemIh Esy^aexx ecvb eosMOOiC' 

HtAS R0M6flHaiaE HOJieRyJI'B BO B&bTb BOSMOaCEBIXl yCJIOBiaXB; HEEe- 

pajioria HMiexB js^ijLO jieeib gb danutAMU eh peoAtnou dtbucmeumeAt- 
Hocmu ROMfiHsaiijiaMfl, boseereiehe no^B BiiaaieM'B a^ehux'b ycj[OBift>. 

nOdTOHy, «He XOJIBRO BGERifl OT^tiTB KOERpeXflOft $83ERE EpeAEOJia- 

raexB npeABapExejcbEOD pa8pa6oTRy GooTBixGTByK)m;aro oT^tia aficrpaRx- 
Hofi 4)E8ERE, Eo Epfl 8X0HB xpe6yexGa j^ase dsaaie o6n^EX'B8aRosoBB, 
OTHOGanpxoa ro BGiirB ApyrHMB RaxeropiaicB aBjeaifti (xaifB se, 
cip. 57 — 58). HanpHnipB, ROEKpexnaa lEayRa o seitri* (reoioria) 
xpe6yexi> ho tojibro npeABapExejiBEaro ssaROHGXBa gb^eseroS e xe- 
MieS, EO xaRae — cb oaboS oxopoHH gb aGxpoHOMleft, cb APyroft — cb 
Ciojiorieft (<o6n^eft ^Esiojioriefi*, no xepMBEOjoriE KoExa), xaR-B RaRB 
seMJia npeAGxasjiaexB go6o]d, gb oABofi cxoposu — EExerpaju»Eyi) ^aoxB 
coraeraoft GEGxeMH, gb Apyroft cxopoEH — ^aBBOxEaa hcbseb Ea aeii- 
HOft nOBepXEOGTE GJiySEXB OAEEITB flS'B ^aRxopoBB roojiorE^ecREXB 
oCpasoBaHift (Gxp. 58). Meofehb npeAcxaBJiaexGa — e JlaRonGB ae 



22 PyCGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

HjiEA'b eroro npeACTaBieHifl, ^to nsyqaxB sen^H h flBjesk fl bxi 

SOHRpeTHOfi BHAHBHAyaJTBHOGTH SHa^BTB OTRa$aTBCfl 0Tb BGBROfi 3a- 
KOHOMfbpHOCmU. y EoHia, KOTOpufi CTOHTB HeHSH'^pBIIO BUme CBOHX'B 
nOSAHlfiinHX'B yqefiHROBl) H ROMMOHTaTOpOB'B, — H He Bl OJ^HOITB TOXbRO 

dTOM'L OTHomeHiH, — ROHRpeTHaa HayRaHBTOJibRO He.ECRJiio^aerB TO^RH 
spinifl saROHOMipHocTH, a HanpoTHBi, noojAjifiSE slw&qtco. qsl Aymofi. 
PasHHma uesRjij ROHRperHott h aficxpaRTHofi nayRofi JinmB bt. toh'b, 
^0 ROHe^Haa u^h nocJiiAHeft — nossaTB 3aR0HU ABJieHiM, ROHeHHaa 
i^^ nepBod— nosHaiB caMBui oth aBJcenifl cb towh dpinm saRO- 

HOBl, OTRpUTUX'B nepBOS. KOHRpeTHBA HayRa^ B^ CBOefi HAeaJIBHOM^ 
BHAi, 8T0 TaRafl CHCTeUa, Vb ROTOpOfi BCflROe eAHHHqHOe, ASlHHOe Bl 
ROHRpeXHOfi A^fiCTBBTeJCbHOGTH flBJEeHiO HaXOAHTB Ce6i HOJIHOe 06l>ACHe- 

Hie ex TO^RH sptoifl Bceofin^eft 3aR0H0MipH0CTH. Sa^a^a ROHRperHot 
HayRH — caM1AM^ dtbAOMz^ a He wb H^ei tojibro, HdrHaxB hsi ohbit- 
naro sHaniH BCflRyD t^hb cjiy^afiHocTH. Egjeh agcrpaRTHaa HayRa 
ycTpaHJierB habe) cJty^afiHOCTH ii^rb namero nonuMauvi^ to roh- 
RpexHafl HayRa AOBepmaerB 8to a^o, HsroHHH dry HAeio h hsi 
Hamero nenocpedcfneeHuaw ontAmuaw ananiH. HsrHaHie se habh cjlj- 
^afiHOCTH H3X o6jiaGTH 8Hafiifl odHa^exB co6oH xpiyM^i npHHi],Hna 
aaROHOMi^pHocTH. SaAa^a ROHRpexHoS HayRH gboahxch, b'b cBoeiii H^e- 
ajiBHOiTB pesyjTBxarb, HHeHHO ri ocymjecxBJieHiK) axoro xpiyM^a qeio- 
B^qecRaro SHanifl. KoHRpexHaa HayRa, vb noHHHaHiH KoHxa, flBJiaexcH 
Hacxoflnp[irB BinitoirB onBrrnaro SHaniH. 9xo b'b cyn^ocxH HAeajri 
omixHaro SHaniH, — xoxi MuojinHiift npeA'i^jrB, ri Roxopony nayEa 
cxpeMHXGff, HHRorAa ero ne AOcxHrafl. ^a h ?to xaRoe bi cyn^ocxH 
caMafl HayRa, RaRX ne BBipaacenie cxpeMJieHiH qaiOBiqecRaro yMa ri 
HAeajiy SHaHifl. Mosho CRasaxB, qxo nayRa — 8x0 udecMnaMz ueAoerb- 
HecKato yMa, RaR'B HCRyccxBO HAeaiHsifB qyscxBa. Q ecin nayRa bo- 
otiH^e ecxB cxpeifjieHie qenoFb^ecRaro yna R'b HAeaJiy sHaHia^ xo no- 
ciiAHift mai-B B'b duowb nocxynaxejiBHOirB ABHseniH BcerAa ocxaexcH 
sa ROHRpexHoft HayRoft, — HocjiiAHeS npHHaAiieacHxi BcerAa tHocjrbA- 
Hee GJ[0B0». 

HaiTB xox&iocB BUflCHHXB, AO RaRoS cxonoHH AS^GRi Geijtb Kohtb 
0XT> xoro ycjLOBHo-ysRaro noHHMaHia nayRH Boo6n;e> (yb RaRHxi mbi 
CHJEOHiB Ad pflAOMi Bcxpi^aeMGH B'b Hamo BpoMfl, ocoSeHHo y JIDAefi, 
Roxopue 6epyxcfl sa ii^meHie Bonpoca o6i HCxopiH, RaRi* nayRi. He 
xpyAHO saMixHXB, RaRoS b% cyn^HOCXH Rpyannft ^ua^^ nasadh HpeA- 
oxaBMexi C060E) 8x0 noHHMaHie hobMhihx'b yqeHux'B cpaBHHxejrBHO 
ci noHHMameM'B njioxo noHflxaro hmh y^HxeJifl. 



Hxo se cjAjsjevb hs'b Bxoro no oxHomeHiio R'B Bonpocy 061 Hcxopin 
RaR'B HayRi? 

A cjiihjijDTb oxGDAa ABa o^ohb npocxBix'B oxBtxa, oahhb ho t^pecy 
«BparoB'B», APyroft — no aApecy €Apyaeft» HcxopiH. 



HCrOPUI EAKTi HA7KA. ' 23 

«IIcTopui He HayKa b ho hosotb EHKorxa xaBOBoft c^aT&$Ui>, 
noTOMy ^rro daHHuaercA jthhib edunwmHMh h HticmnfAMh, uudtMU' 
dy(MhHW4z H KOHigf^emMAMbf t. e. flBieniAMn, a He o6^mtM^ h cxod^ 
cmeeHHUMz^ He nocmo^MMtiMcs h Meua^ibfiMtMid, — oj^hhhi ciOBOirb — 
saKOHaMH. — Ha 8th cjioBa €BparoBi»^ nocii Bcero CKasaHHaro, uu wb 
npasi oTBiTHiii: cOcxaBJuui nosa bi CTOposb Bonpoci o Ton, Haysa 
jiH HCTopia vb towb BHA^, KaRik OHa cyn^eeTBjeTb bi Hacroflii^ee 
BpeHH, ona bo bchkohi cjiy^i Momemz 6utb HayKOft, n hmohho — 
KOHKpemnofi HayKoft, TaKi> Rasi oHa HMierB ji^kno ci> shbumh ad^me, 

SHByiUBMH H A^SCTByDH^HMH Bl AAHHUXl BB KOHSpeTHOft A^CTBH- 
TeiBHOCTH yCJEOBiHX'L npOCTpaHCTBeHHUXl H BpeMeHHUXl*. 

riocjiymaeMi h flpyry© cxopoHy. 

<ncTopiH jip CMTb nopi» He 6uia n He ecTB nayKa, noTony vro 
BaHHHaJiacB h npoAOisaeiB 3aHHMaTi»Gfl ^acTHtiirB h eAHHH^EEiirB, 
HHAHBn;iyajiBHiurB h EOHspermiirB, a ho o6infiWb h cxoAOTBeHHHMi, 
nocTOflHHiorb h HeHSHiHHuirb, oahhitb cjioboitb — eemoMu h mm^ 
HijiMu, a He KomeiopiAMu h aoKOHOMu: jpn Toro, ^to6u c^'biaiLCA 
HayKoS, OHa AOJUKHa OTsasaTBca orb nepsuxi n aaHHTBca hckid^h- 

TeJlBHO II0C2iAHHMH>. 

Ha BTH sintaHifl t Apy3efi» oTBinaeifB: ^cTasi sasi Hayss saHH- 
HaK)TCfl He TOJiBKO saROHaicH H KaTeropiAHHi HO TaKse Ben](ai[H n 
HBJiefluiMH, TO, jifia Toro qTo6u cmamt HayEofl, HCTopifl coBctM'B 
H^TB HaAo6HOCTH nepecmomh J6iitb Tin, mkwh ona h He mosotb ho 
6bitb, ho nepecTaBiHH Sbttb HCTopieS, — KOUKpemHtAMb swrnejun npom- 
Jiaro ^ejioBi^ecTBa^ vh ero i^tioirB n vh ^aoTflxi». 

ECSH VTO A'i^ttCTBHTeJIBHO HiHiaiO AO CHXl OOpi HCTOpiH CTaTB 

flayKoft, TO BO BOHKoin» CJiyqai ne to, ^o ona saHHMajracB MAeninMu 
H eeyj^oMUy a He sokohclmu h xaTeropiHHE, a vb^TO coBcini, co- 
BciM'B Apyroe... A nmo HMeHHo, — oto yse oooOsii BonpocB, 'EOTopng 

TiCHO CBflSaH'B CB APyrHM'B BOHpOCOVB*. HpeACTaBISeTB JIH HCTOpiH, 

npH HacTOfln^eH'B ea coctohhIh, nayKy wh co6cTBeHHOirB cmiaii, h ecjin 
HiTB, TO ^ero eS ne AOCTaerB a^h xoro, ?to6h OTaTB bi* pHAy npa- 
SHaHHUx'B HayRi paBHonpaBHiufB ueHOMi, a He saiEHitB H3FoeMx— 
poiB, Ha KOTopyD HHue, Easi Mu BHA'1^1 He npo^B o6peu ee na 
BtsH-BiqHiie. Ho, noBTopfleM'B, 8T0 yse oco6ii{& Bonpoci, soTopBifl 
BuxoAHTB 8a npoAi^u Hamefi aaAa'w, no cyn^ecTBy 0TpHii;aTej[BHofi: 
Ha npHMipi jlaKOMfia mu xotj^h ^noKaaaTB npHHi^HniajiLHyio neco- 

CTOflTeJEBHOCTB BCflROS nOnBETKH ptuiHTB BOOpOCl o6l HCTOpiH KaS'B 

HayKi, npH TOft no cyn^ecxBy oniH6o?HoA nocraHOBsi, bb KaKOtt ohi 

06UKH0B6HH0 npHHHMaeTCH cApydBHMH* HCTOpifl H3I> pyKX OH ^cBparOBl))!*. 

Ho npeai^e i^wh nocTasHTB To^sy^ hu c^HxaeirB ne jramHH&rB 
csasaTB HicKOJiBEO CJEOBI no noBo^y raison d'etre canaro Bonpoca 
o6i> HCTOpin, KaK'B nayRt, BonpocB o tomi, ecim jh HCTopiH nayRa, 
Mooicevm jh CTaTB h doAOKua m crpeMBTBCH Kb TOMy, ^to6u oxaxB 
Haysofi, — BonpocB btotb ho octb jib caul no ceCi eanpoch npaadwAii? 
Cnopi) HOM'B He ecTB jih b'b KOHi^i soH^OBi mop^ o CAoeaxh? 



1 



24 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HhH6, nOBHAHHOMT, CRXOHHU R'b nOJIOSHieXBHOMy OTB^Ty Ha 9T0rB 

BonpocL. Ho A'^0 b'b toitb, ^to b^;^ cnopoHi o cJiOBaxi Moserb 
6uTb cnop% KaEoiTB yro;i;Ho Bonpoci, pa3i> eo «ej[OBaMH» ho oba- 
3£iBa6Tca HHKasHX'B cTporo onpe^^OHHUX'b noHfiTiS. ^tio He b^ iipe;^- 
Merl cuopa, a bi cDocotii BeAemfl nocjr&AHHro. Bi^b n cnopi o 
ToiTL, ^ejiOB'i^K'B XM seHmjEHa, MoserB Curb «cnopo]i'B o cioBax'Bty 
HO OHi MOserB H He 6htb TasHH*B, — Bce ;^o b:b toitb, BaRi 
cnopHTB. JI,aae cnopTt o tom^, ^ecTHHft jh qeaoBiKi A., hjth HirE,— 

UOSeTB 6UTB CHOpOMl OIOBaX'B, eCJIH O^HHl HSX AHOHJTaHTOBl, a 

TO H o6a BHiorb hif6k)Ti> ssmh lycjioBHoe nonflTie» o ^ecTHocrn. 
A^jio p'bmaeTCH He cji^hoctbk) cuopa, a OTHomeHieifL vb noHy cno- 
pan^HXi. HaMi» HoryTB saifiTHTB, tto h npH coBepnieHHo onpe^t- 
xeHHOMi noHHHaniH cnopflni;HMH (cciobi*, Bonpocii no cyn^ecTBy mo- 
seTB 6htb BceraKH npasAHmfB. CoBepmeHHo BipHo. Cnopi^ o «CTpH- 

SenOlTB HIH dpHT0irB» MOSerB BeOTHCB CB nOJEHHlTB nOHHMaHi- 
eiTB TepUHHOBl f6pHTB» H «GTpE?B»^ H OTB 8TOrO OHB HH^TB 

H6 nepeoraneTB 6htb Bnojcsi^ npas^HBarB, noTony qio to hjih 
fl^jToe plmenie «Bonpoca> bi a^hhomi cnyqai coBepmoHHo ffeapaa- 
jiuHHo^ saKi jifisi cnopan^Hxi, Tasi h js^sl caMaro npe^MeTa cnopa. 
CoBciirB ;Q>yroe pjbio^ oAnaso, sorjia cnoparB o6i A., ^ecxHuS oh'b 

^eiOB^Kl HJUE H&TB; 8T0 HQ HpaSAHUfi BOUpOCB, HOTOHy ^TO TO HJIH 

Apyroe pitoenie ero jsjbjiqko ne GespaaMtHuo, KaRi> ji^a. ciropHn^ix'B, 
TaKi H jsflA A., oiyacamaro npeAHerovB cnopa. UoaoChhitb se o6pa- 
80MI, He npasAOHi h Bonpoc^ o toitb, nayEa jlk (eciH ho ^aRTH^e- 
CKH^ TO no KpaSnefi nipt, ^asyjcbTaTHBHo) Hcropin, noTony ^to to juol 
jxpjToe piunenie ero ne ffeapaaAuuHO, Kasi a^ caMaro npe^CMOTa 
cnopa, TaRi pasno h jijui ero y^acTHHKOB'B h cBH^i^Tejiefi. ^o Kasoft 
CTeneHH ne 6e3pa3JiHiiH0, j^fqmee h narjEHAHoe AOKasaTOJiBCTBo Tony — 
monenrayapi, cysAOHie Roroparo o&b HcropiH 6£Uio npnBe;ieHO b'b 
na^ajii nacTOHn^ei craTBH. HaroBopHBi Ryqy BocTopsoHHuxB rom- 
HJiHMeHTOBi no aj^peoy Hcropiz, ohb wb Roni^i rohi^obi npHXoji;HTB, 

RaRI» MU BHA'I^JIH, Kb TOMy 3aRjnD7eHiE), TTO HCTOpiH BB CyUlHOOTH 

<HeAocTo8Ha cepBesnaro HsyneHiH co CTopons wjiOBi^ecRaro A7^a>. 
H 8T0 BOBce He npoTHBopi^e npeAB^yn^HM'B RonnjinueHTairB, a jihbib 
npHMofi BUBOA'B h3i» OTpHi^aTOJiBHaro pimenifl sonpoca 06% HCTopin, 
EaRi* HayRi. HcTopifl tHeAOCTofina cepBesnaro H3yq[eHia», notnoMy 
Htno ona — ne uayna. He nayna, a npocTO niRoropoe auanie. A sname, 
caifo no ce6i, RaR'B hsbIotho, i^iHHocTH ne HirbeTB. Bi^^ h no6oi 
HOHepi crpasA^HHHa* ^Bxixndn&rb vb cefii n^ROTopoe €3HaHie>, h 
cROJiBRo emfi... Oj[(HaRO, ecjiH cnpocaTB, «AOCToftHO jih 3to SHanie 
cepBesnaro HBy^eHifl co CTopoHUt nejiOBiqecRaro Ay^a*, to bobco h^tb 
HaAo6HocTH ofijiaAaTB neccHicnsMOiTB monenrayapa, ^toSh otb^thtb: 
«h'6tb, He AOCTofiHO». Ho^euy se «HeA0CT0fiH0»? ^a noTOHy, ^ro 
3Hmie mmB nocronRy ^aoctoSho cepBe3Haro n3yqeHifl>, nocROJOiRy 
OHO ecTB HoyKOf T. e. 3HaHie, OAymeBjieHHoe udeeAf odi»eAHHeHHoe 
cucmeMoU^ pyROBOAHMoe onpe^enHUMi MemodoMb. Ebitb hu He 



HOBUfl KHHrH. 25 

6E[TB HajKOft, — BOUpOCB 9T0TB Jl,m BCflROi ;^aHHOft 06j[aGTI[ SHaHlfl 

TaKi> se MaJio npasAeHX, RaKi* Majio 6hj[i» npad^eH'b, Hanpmri^p'L, a^ 
^ipeBHJiro HxajHEa Bonpoci o toitb, 6hn!b hih ho 6uTb (cpHMOKHifb 
rpas;^aHHHO]rB». Bbitb HajKoft ;i;]ifl nsBicTHOft o6jracTH SHaHifl to se, 
KTO ;^jui ApoBHflro HiajinKa -* o6jiaAaTB npaBOHi rpasj^ancTBa optima 
jure. IIodTOHy coBopnieHHO npaBHJCbHO roBopaT'B o eoseedenm scTopiR 
Ha creneHb HayKn; OTpHi^aTejn»Hoe pimenie Bonpoca 06% soropiH, 
Kasi HayEi, osEa^aerB co6ok), HaofiopoTL, HiKoropoe nuseedeme no* 
cjitAHefi, — OBoero po^i^a deminuHo capitis. Bonpoci o6xHCTopiH, KaRi 
HayRi, ecTB vb cymnocTH Bonpoci tomx, npej^craBifleTB xa OHa 
co6oft <itpe;^HeTB AOcrofiHuft cepBOSHaro h ipyjiHaro HsyHemA 00 cto- 
poEU ^asoBi^ecKaro Ayxa>. 

Bonpoci 8T0TL ocTaBajicfl vb cyn^ocTH oispuTHirL h nocii oipH- 
itaiejiBHaro ptmema ero IHoneHrayapoirfc, -^ owh ^po;^olaaeT^ ocia- 
BaTBGfl OTspuTUM'L H uocii nojiosHTejiBHaro ero pimeHifl JlaKou- 
CoM'B, noTOMy ^0 o6a 9te pimem, He CHOrpfl Ha jpaMerpaJiBHyiD 

npOTHBOnOJlOSHOGXB Hei^y C06oD, 0;](BHaKOBO {/SoA^tUUetA. nOTO?HHKl» 
^aJKBHIH, KaSl MU BHAilH, y HEXl odOHXTi OAHBIb H TOTB SO*. JIOJKHOe, 

ysKo-o^HOCTopoHHe noHHMame HayKs Boo6iii;e, ea oyn^HOOTH h sa^a^. 

n. ApAatuesB. 



HoBHfl KHHTH. 

A. E. SapHHi. noBibcTH h paacKasH. Cu6. 1896. 
A. £• SapHHi. roBOpflm^aii rojioaa. GdopHEBrb pascRasoB'b hsi* 
aursHH cTpaHCTByioiipm aprHcroB'b. Cix6. 1896. 

npo^GELTaB'B paeoRaBu r. Sapnna, mk, noj^odno JlHnOHK'% OcTpoB- 
ORaro, 8a;^£kJiH oe6i BOnpocB: hto xyse— ^s^aTB h h6 AOSji^aTBCH 

KIH HU-iTB H nOTepflTB? ^^O B'B TOITB, ^TO K&3RJSJI& HB'B paB- 

cKaBOB'B r. SapHHa B086yac;](aeT^ bi> ^mtatreirk h%rotophh Ha- 
;^esAH H oHHAaHiH, ROTopHH ;^o caMaro ROHi^a ho ocJEad-l&BaBOTx, 

HO H HO HCnOJCHHKKFCH. O^eHB CTpaHHHfi HHCaTeJIB F. SapHH^b. 

PascBasHBaeT^ oh'b nejtypHO, rohoh cb ROHi^aifH cbo^^ht^ ycn'ImHo, 
Bce BOo6n^e y nero HonpaBHO, ho b^ ^HTaTea'S, BcaiffB sa bob- 
6ys;(eHHHMH 6£U[o Ha;(eac;taMH, oh^ BHSHBaeT^ o;](ho nejioyiA^- 
Bde. B^jziB BToro Maao paaoRasaTB; Ha;50 yiri&TB h xot^tb ^to 
Hn6y;^B CKosaim. 9Toro nneHHo h xohotcs r. SapnHy, ROTopnft 

nOBTOMy HBJIHeTCH nepe^TB HHTaTOJieirB B'B COOTB^TCTBeHHOATB 

BBjifk: He^ypHofi napysHOCTn h b'b ssmji BTaRoe paBcysAenie... 
$H3ioHOMiH... nooTynRH H MHoro-MHOro Boero. EoTeoTBenHO, ^to 

HHTaxeJIB B'B OBOD O^epe^B H^RO^IBRO nOATHFHBaeTCH H RaRi> 6h 



26 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

HftOTopasHBaeTCjac: nepe^^ hhm'b b^a^ "bb ^^ejiBeTOHsufi 6aj[ar 
ryprb, He „$HT»Ji]frKa", a, noBH;piMOMy „ooo6a", KOTopa^, Toro 
H Tiiajps, noy^aTB na^HeTB. ''Ito-»'b, j^vrrhoa mh pa;5H, h ne 

nOTOMy TOJE^RO, ^TO ^B^KTE. SHBH, B'^'B Y^MOb", KaST> TOBO- 

pHTB nocjEOBHAa, a* npocTO noTOiiy, ^to noy^MTejiBHaji p'S^B 
jifla HacT> HHTepecH'iey sanflTH'ie, Hesejrat JOEerKOB^CHaa 60 ji- 
TOBHjac jf]x,aa. pasryjiKH BpeMeHH**, KaKrb kto-to vj^i-TO BHpa- 
saeTCfl. Ho tytb-to botb h Ha^HHaioTCA y Hao'B HeAOpasyM^Hifl 
<yh r. SapHHHiTb. Cna^iaJEa Bce H^^erB xopomo: pa8CKa8i3 no^n- 
raeToa 6ofiRO, xapaKTepK Ha^HHaDTrb odpHCOBHBaTBCfl peoiBe^ 
H^e, njubs. Boe 6oJi^e n 6ottrke BHCTynaeirB hsx 0KyTHBaK)mnx'B 
ee 6ejiJieTpHCTHHecKHX'B noKpoBOBrb h npHKpacB, BamH Ha^esAH 
pocTyTB, HO... pascsasy yax kohoi^'b, h ne noTOiiy cobo'Sm'b 
KOHei^, ?T0 $a6yjia «HCTon^eHa h HAea Hc^epnaHa, a npooTO 
noTOMy, HTO y aBxopa o^eBH^^HO nopoxa ne xBaxaerB. Botb, sa- 
npBif^p'B, HCTopifl [AapoBHTaro eBpeficRaro ifajn»HHKa Aspiejifl 
•Hefisepa. Euy cTpacTHO xo^OToa nocBHTHTB ce6fl HayR*! — ne Tpfi, 
ROTopafl saRJuoHaeTCH bb TajniyA'S, a HacTOfln^eft HayR'i. Pasy- 
M^BTCfl, TaRoe cTpeHJiOHie npnBOAHTX ero B'h crojiRHOBeHie cb 
ORpysaK)n^ed cpe^od, cb npaBOB^pHsucB eBpeficTBOM*B, n paa- 
ORas'B cpasy npio6p'fiTaeTB h ncHXOJiorHHecRift, h o6ni;ecTBeHHO- 
6HTOBofi HHTepecB. Ho Bce ORaH^HBaeTCfl hh^itb. „^ero ^e 
ffyMaTB-To! BApyn» orb OT^ajiHieM'B hohth RpHRHyaB Jleflaep^, — 
^ero se ;j5yMaTB!*' nocjd& BToro crf^^yoTB CTpo^Ra tohort. h „Ha 
inpyroe yTpo*^ ^^P^Ah paenodytUHOii npHpo;^ CToaaa Ky^Ra sno- 
donuTHUX'B JUDAeft, pasmdyvmo roBopa: sha'b noB^CHSCfl!^ JEeft- 
sepB noB^cHJicfl ottofo, hto RarajiB OTRasaJTB eny vh BH^aH^ 
nacuopTa. Bcaro dHBaeirB, rohb^ho; b^e. oTjsjksA „npoEcmecTBifi^ 
B'B laotowh HOHep^ raseTH icosho nafiTH TaRie $aRTu h wh 
Ras^^oiTB HS'B TaRHX'B npoHcmeoTBifi saRJiD^aeTCH iiaTepBHJi'B 
;^jLa pascRaBa, a^h hob^cth, HHorAa Aasse t^sl poHana, ho sa- 
m^a xyAOSHHRa Ha^nnaeTCJi TaiTB, r;zr£ ROH^aeTCH sa^aHa pe- 
nopTepa h xpoHHRepa. V, SapHH'B CH^mnBae'FB j^^ bth saAa^H 
E OTToro, Ha^aB'B RSkRii' xyAOSHHRii, owb ROH^aeivB RaRB penop- 
Tep%: xopomo Han'iHeHHHe ncnxoJiorHHecRie hothbh ocraKKica 
Hepa8pa6oTaHHBniH, nopTpeTH npeBpan^aioTOJi B'B cnjiyBTU, -bw^- 
OTO RapTHHH MH nojiy^aeiTB o^ohb HaJEO 8aif%HaTej[BH£[ft btda'b. 
Cji-iAyiDnufi no o?epe;^H pascRaBTb ijifi'k j[K)6Bn^ npe^CTaB- 
j[flK)TB co6oK> HeyAa^Hyio BapianjiK) na Teicy, na ROTopyD HanH- 
cano 6e3?ncjiieHHoe ifHOSsecTBO y^^a^EHXT* Bapiaiud. Jifi^e^ pas- 
CRas'B ^HepBoe paso^apoBame** ohbhb opHPHHaJieHx no saMHcay, 
r. SapHH'B onflTB osHBoiHeTB namn, ysse cobc^itb 6hj[0 Baaa^icniifl 
HaAesi^H, HO H TyoTB BCTp^HaDTCfl npoHaxH noTTH TexHH^ecRaro 
CBoftcTBa, ROTopne CHOBa noBepraiOTB nacB bt> 6e8AHy coiCH'^HiS. 
Botb npHM^p'B. FeponHH pascRasa — ao^b ^MHHHCTepcRaro hh- 
HOBHHRa B'B doJiBHiHX'B ^HHax'B^; y H6H ecTB no;^yra — coot- 



H0BU2 KHMm. 27 

B^TCTBeHHaro Kpyra o6meoTBa, koh6hho, ho boitb BaK'B Ha Be- 
^epi y BTofl no;q)yrH TaHixyDirB roorn: ^btj TpeTbefi ^nrypi, 
H8o6paacafl TpofiRy, ohb (^HpHsep'B Tani^eB's), saRrb RopeHHnKi>, 
spyTHJi'B roJiOBOK), ORpyrjiflJinb hofh h pncajii* no JnomaAKHOMy. 
B'B HATofi — OHT> npomeji'B TpenasoM'B, bi> mecTofi — KpyTa cbok) 

Jl,BMY OH^b nOAHflJTB 66 Ha BOBAyX'B H KOF^a Ao6pajicfl AO bh- 

MHinJI6HHHX'B ^Hryp^Ei, TO BnaJIli CJIOBHO B'B H8CTynJI6Hi6^. Beji- 

ji6TpncTHHecKaa neonHTHOOTB 8to, ^to-j[h, oo CTopoHH r. SapnHa? 
Ero onnoanie shbo nanoHHEjio Haiii* onHoame r. AjoobdoBa B'B 
noB'ScTH ^KoHeni'B H6B%;^oifofi yjiHi^H^, ho Tannb onHCKBajmcB 
TaHAH, npoHCXOABBmie ne Ha Be?ep']& pecneRTa6ejiBHHX'B j!iK)Aefi, a 
COBC'^M'B B'B jqpyrowh if^cT^. Cjrh^YiomH pascRas'B ^IlyniHHKa^ 
paspabaTKBaeTB o6j[aoTB co6a^befi noHxojioriH, ROTopaa, ORa- 
BHBaercfl, oneHB noxosa na noHXOJioriio ?eJiOB']&?60RyH:). Ajuiero- 
piH, HTO-JiH, 8T0 RaRafl, jijMAeTrh ohatb npiyHHBmifi ^iHTaTejiB 
H nepexoAHTB K'h Gjrkj{jiDuie& cepin pascRasoB'By nocasn^eHHUX'B 
^naMflTH AjieRcaH^^pa HBaHOBHHa iHesBTOBa^ (m* oslobj ORasaTB, 
noHTH Bc% pasoRasK r. dapHoa nooBJin^6BH pasHHiiib jCEiTepaTO- 
paii^B, 6ojiBnieK) ^acTBK) sacjiyseHBHicB: rr. IIojiOHCROMy, IQeji- 
Jiepy, BcoBCJiOAy CojiOBBeBy n np.). PascRasn, nocBan^eHHHe 
naifflTH JleBBTOBa, HanHcaHU bi> ;^yx% h B'B sanp^ 8Toro nnca- 
TOJia. IIpeAHeTOM'B hx'b aBJUfleToa c^bpaa sh8hb TaR'B naBKBae- 

MOfi ^rOJIKTBdH^ H BABa-JIH Hy^HO FOBOpHTB, HTO H B'B 8TOS 

o6jiaoTH r. 3apHHT> ooTaeTOA B'ipeH'B ce6'£y t. e. CBoefi iianep'^ 
HJiH, en^e T0HH£e, CBOHifB neAOCTaTRaH'B: osa^asa owh o6HaAe- 
KHTB BacB, a noTOicB HenpeH^HHO o6e8RypasH'rB. Eofb ero 
BHaeT'B, ^TO 8T0 8a nncaTeJiB TaRofl, AynaeTB ^asmekTestb^ BaRpH- 
Ba4i RHHry. Mnoro 6ctb nncaTeJiefi, Roropue noAaDirB n Bce 
TOJiBRo noAaioirB naAesAH, HHRor;ia hx'b ne onpaB^HBafl, ho B'B 
nepBufi pas'B BHSsy TaRoro nHcaTejiA, ROTopHfl Ha oahom'b Ae- 
caTR']^ oTpaHBA'B noAaoT'B Haj^eacAy, a ka cA'iAyion^eM'B jxfioaTisrk 
caifB se ee h 0T6eperB y MeHJi. 

C6opHnR'B pasoRasoB'B r. 3apHHa ^Hb'b shbhh oTpancTBys)- 

JnjBX'h apTHCTOB'B^ OTJIHHaeTCfl TiuVL «e ;^0CT0HH0TBaMH h t^hh He 

He;^ocTaTRaHH. JEHTepaTypHaa acnjiRa (cjiobo „TaJiaHTi>^ 6hj[io 6£i 

8A'%CB CJIHHIROM'B TpOMRO), y F. SapHHa HeCOMH^HHO eCTB, HO 

eny ne jqocTaeTB hjih ohhthooth, hjih BHHMaTejiBHOOTH, hjih 
npooTo y^cB y hbfo noaeirB TaBofi. Khaba AjieRo^fi OmiieTOB'B 
yBOSHT'B H8^ RaROFO-TO yBecesHTejiBHaFO BaBe^emfl RopAe6ajieT- 
HyK) TaH^0B^^H^y, eme ne BCTynHBrnyro na „AopoFy odnqnyio", 
H HesAy HBMH npoHCXo;z^n'rB TaRofi pasFOBoprb: „Mh']& jsjo chx'b 
nop'B RaaceTOJi Bce dTO CHOBfB, CRasRofi, — npomenTaJia ona B'B 
HBHeMoacenm. Oh'b yjrH6Hyaoji, — H-Sttb, bto hhbhb. Bh hohhth- 
Baere en nepBoe npBROCHOBenie. ^hshb npeRpacna, cnepTB 
OTpamna. Bce FOBopnTB o ciiepTH^ ho HHOF^a shbhb ROCHerca 
HejiOB'^a CBOHifB AHxameicB, h oh'b B^pyF'B onneTCfl h noflMeTB 



28 FTOCKOB BOPAICTBO. 

• 

BCK) npeseoTb 6HTijB[^. K&neshKH ^ryBOTsa npaBAH h aoTerme* 
osaro TaKTa ;!(OCTaTbHHO, ?to6£i hohjitb oirimHyK) Hecoo6pa8HOGTE» 
TaRnx'B THpa;^ BTb pasroBop'i sa^emaHTaHHaro BaBcerxaTas cb 
TaHi(OBii(Hi^eft, H BOTB, offHaKO SO, F. 3apnH% H6 noHHMaei*B. 
OT^ero 8T0? HaifB xot&ioob 6h AynaTb, ^to He oitb sBTepaTyp- 
Haro 6e8BRycLs, xoroparo ysT> ne HSJue^atniB, a HMeRHO otb hi&- 

BHBliaTOJIBHOCTlI, HCnpaBHTBCS 0T1> BOTOpOft HBTpyAHO. 



PycJOLH BBOHHaxu. n^HH^ 6Hjm H pasHUfl cTHxoTBopeHlJi H. A. Ila- 
HOBa- On6, 1896. 

CTB^LOTBOpeHlfl T, naHOBa nOflBHJDOICB Bli OTiZ^&EBHOlTB H3;0(a« 

hIh cb 6o;tbmofi noMnofi: Kh khht*! npHXoaceHH noprpeTTi k 
6iorpa$HHeoBift o^eps'B aBTopa, no;(nncaHHHfi neHSB^oTHHirB 
•B'h JiHTepaTyp^ HMeneirb „Ceprifi PH6aR0B'B*. IIpaBO r. Ila- 
HOBa Ha TaBoe BeJinBOJr^nie 8aBjno?aeTCH cOBO^ifB ne b*b ero 
npoHBBejteHlHX'B, a Brb ero cyABC-i, p'B ero npoHCXOSAeHm: 

r. IlaHOB'B — HeJDEOB'^B'B H81> HapOAft, CHH^ Bp^HOCTHOFO SpeCTBfl- 

HHHa. B'B nacToan^ee BpeMH Tanoe o6cT02TejiBCTBO cobo&tb ne 

npOHBBOAHTB TOFO 8^eBTa, KaBOft OHO npOHBBOAHJIO jAvh HflTB- 

AecaTB H 6ojrfie TOny HaBa^B, — botb hto ynycTHan hbtb BH^y bl 
r. IlaHOB'B, H ero 6iorpa$'B. ILpo^eccop'B ^htathh'b, xapaRTO- 
pHCTHBa BOToparo 6HJ[a He^aBHo noM^n^ena B'B „PyccBOM'B Eo- 
raTCTB*!', 6£urB ohhx HBBOS'THBa, HO ero npaBa na o6ni;eoTBeH- 
Hoe BHHHaHie BaBjrD^aDTca ne B'B btoitb o6cTOflTejiBCTB%, a fb 
ero y^eHHxrb Tpy^ax'B h sacjiyrax'B. Bot'b no^eicy, oorraBJUHfl 
B'B cTopoH^ BpecTKaHCBoe npoHCxosA6Hie r. UanoBa, KaB'B ^aBTB, 
B'B A'^y He OTHoca^^fica, hu npocTO cnpamnBaeirb: B'B ^eM'B 
ero BacjiyrH? h KaB'B Bejrax'B pasM'i^p'B ero TaJiaHra, — ecjca toxbbo 
y Hero eoTB TajiaHTT>? 

r. PB[6aK0B'B, BOTopBrfi HBXHeToa He TOJLBEKO 6iorpa^]rB, ho 

H BpnTHBOlfB^ rOBOpHTB Ha BTOTB OHeOTB O^eHb BaHHHaTeJCBHHH 

Bemji. ^IIoHBJieHie noBTa, nsCpaBmaro ^pify napoAHoft h^chh 
AJiH BHpamenia cbohx'b xyAoacecTBeHHHX'B saMHCJiOB'B, t-^cho CBa- 
Bano CB HeH86'£»HHM'B TenepB nepepoacAenieirB napoAHaro TBOp* 
^ecTBa... B'B HacTOHH^ee Bpena Heo6xoAHirB hothh'b srb o6jiacTR 
He TOJiBKO jmpH^ecBoft (KaB'B 9T0 6hjio, ho kelojus. r. PH6aB0Ba, 
BO Bpeifena KosBi^OBa h HnsHTHHa), ho ncropH'ieoBH-CBrroBofi... 
9TorB no^DEmrb o^&iaHrb aBTOpoicB npe^Jiaraeifoft KHnrn n 0^%-* 
jiaH'B HicB He CB BaBOfi atH6o npeABBflToft jjfbjthjo^ a nenocpeA* 
CTBeHHO, B'B CHJiiy, TaB'B CKasaTB, caM0A0B2%K)nteft ero sv>6bh B'B 
HapoAy". H TaB'B, r. IlaHOB'B eoTB hjdeh 6yAeTB wh HCTopH^ecKH- 
6HTOBofi noBBin Hapo^a, t. e. B'B HapoAHOMi* Bnoe%, t^itb, -t^i* 

6hJI'B B'B HapOAHOfi JOEpHB-i Ko;iBIj;OB'B... BOTT> 8T0 CHJIBHO CSa- 

Bano! FoAHTCfl-sH, o^HaBo, r. IlaHOB'B ji^jia tbroS po^iH? Cy^ixTe 

o6'B BTOM'B CaMH, ^HTaTeJUB, a HH A&3Se BOMHeHTHpOBaTB OHa- 



HOBHa KHHTH. . 29 

oaeiiojiy TBxrh Kasii r. IlaHOB^ jB'bpewh sapan^e, tto mk, syp- 
HftXHOTH, HiL^ero xopomaro o hom'b He OBaseirB: TaKOBi* ys% 
Hamii 4iiii^pami{pMMi} nymi. 

J[HT6paTypHufi nyTBt r;ci& Kaatjprf 
Hsi saHATHXb CBoeft oco6ot 
Bcerxa conepHHsa saH'ibTRTB, 

A HOBHHSa OTKpHTOfi Siodoft 

Hjn ladHOft HeHaBHCTBK) BCTp^THTl, 

Sase napxifiHocTB, EpysROBmHHa 
He xonycsaDTi hoboA chju. 

Hy, H nyoTfc, ne 6y«einb yBipaTB r. IlaHOBa, ^to mh ho ¥y»- 
CTByeiTB BTh Heny hh saBHOTH, ho HenaBncTH. Bootb Bani* o6pa»- 
^oEKHb oaMOCTOflTeJDCbHaro TBop^ecTBa r. IlaHOsa ndnb odjiaoTK 
^,HCTopH^ecKn-6HTOBoft^' : 

AyMai x7vpuK7» ^ep^ oxho JomiB bi toxe'e: 
3a T0601) BexoHHsa— nepBiifi xom; 
A noTOM%--9XMa, noxyuaeniB Ton! 
HeoTiosHaa pacnaaxa ci zjis^owb.,. 

Ha^O CHHa bo COIXftTH npOBOXHTB, 

Haj(o xouy bo saiiyxecTBO cpa^TB... 
3HavHrb, Bce, vso 61110 ccHnano bi ax6api, 
Bee xo sepHHiiisa OTiipaBHifb sa tfasapi? 
OpaTaDnnsa! shbh x^ He TysH, 
Th se, CHBsa, OpaxaiomKi cjiysn! 

9to BBsuno^iBrexhBxA RynjieT^ OTHxoTBopeHia „OpaTax)msa'' — 
TaKT> HasHBaeTOJi nazapB na osamaBO-HapoffHB:^6CKOirB asiiK^ 
r. IlaHOBa. A botb o6pa8^HK'B Toro, Ksxrh r. IlaHOBT* iicnpo^- 
AHemz coBAanifl nenocpeAOTBeHHaro Hapo;^Haro TBop^ecTBa: 

Ha cxeprb Banx) jrazoffiH npHBen: 
BaHfl cBOBaHi no pysam h no Horam, 
Thxo, xona noiuoHHicii xo seniH 
KpacHy coiHiinncy xft BosiEHi i^epsBairb; 
BcTOcsoBaicfl, GTajTb tftejbe noioxHai 
HocMOTpin Bi nocrtxBifi pas'b Ha xepem owb 
OimaTHyiaca sHarHHH oti osHa, 
3acT0Haia, h xyma hsi rbsA bohi! 

9to BHaMeHHTaH Hapo;z(HaH h^chh „BaHBBa-4b[X)mHHK'B'' vh ne- 
peA^&CK'i r. IlaHOBa... IIpnBeAeHBHe bocsmb cthzobt* 8air6BHKm 

OO6OD BOlTb 8TH ABa CTHXa HapO^HOft H'^toHH: 

HBaHymsa b% nexeiBS'lb saHaexcfl, 
A BHflrHHa-xo b% xepeMi soH^Faexcfl. 

KouHenrapiH HurarnHB. IIpHic^poB'B Tose AOoraxo^sHO. 

Mh oobc^hi* He zothicb yHHsaxB r« IlanoBa h ozotho coraia- 
OHMCH, TTO ero noasia Ba Bess's OTHomeHiflZ'B BHme ooBpeneH- 
Hofi HenocpeAOTfieHHO-napoAHOfi noasm, oosT^aion^efiaa uoji^h bjoh- 
men's $a6pHSH h TpasTHpa. T. HdkKOBrh ne HaminieT^: 



80 PyOCSOB BOrATCTBO. 

^aftTe HOSHBi, x&fixe bhikj, 
Sasojoo a mobo mhikj h up. 

Ho dTO H Bce, ^TO MH MoseifB oKasaTB Bit noxBaiy r« Ila- 
BOBa. ILpeAOTaBJiaTB ero noasiK) KasT* Baa|fi-TO ycn&cB^ KaBofi-ro 
marB snepe^'B, wh opaBHesm qtb orapofi napoAHofi noasiefi Ha- 
mefi, a wh caicoM^B r. IlaHOB'i bha'^tb ooBpOMeHHaro KoJiBi^OBa, 
^HonpaBJiGHsaro h AonoAHeeHaro*^ oorJiacHO HOB'ifiinHif'B Tpe6o- 
BaHiaifB, — 8T0 TaKoe HeBosMOSHoe npeyBexH^eHie, soTopoe eoTO- 
CTseHHO jj^a pesJiaMH, ho HenosBOJiHTeju^HO bi> KpnTHS'i. JIk)6obb 
r. IlaHOBa KT) Hapo^y, H^ase „caHOAOBjr£K)iayio^ jiio6obb, kh hb 
orpHi^aeM'B, ho, BO-nepBUXT*, b'B btoS jd[X)6bh, BaKx bii aBOieHiH 
BHOJiR^ CTHxifiHOicB, H^TB poBHO HHEasofl saooiyrH, a BO bto- 
pHX'B, napoAHpya CysopoBa, ifH csaseiTB: ^IIoHHJiyfi JBofb! 
£oe ji]o6obb ^a juo6obb! Ha^o h yn^HBA obojq»ko HH6yAB". 



H. J[. ToJiBAniTeftH'b. BnenaTJitHifl m aas'bTBH. Kievb. 1896. 

KnnsBa r. FoJiBj^niTefiHa BHymnJia 6buio naM'B ^ecT0J[K)6BByK> 
hhcjib: He nsAaTB-jm naM'B OT;('ijiBHOK) bbbpok) codpanie cbohx'b 
peixeHsifi, ^hcjio BOTopHX'B, BaAO nojiaraTB, aocthfjio yse ho^toh- 
Hofi i^H^pH? Pourquoi pas? HsAaji'B xe r. TosLhAnireAwh codpame 

CBOHZHb penOpTepCBHX'B SB,wkTOR'h H 1£U He JEIOBOM'B IDHTkI 

HacB ooTaHOBHJio TOJiBBO os.ijsiY^^'^^ npocToe coo6paseHie: Bijiib 
Tasaa „BHHra^ abhtch AOBasaTejubCTBOM'B ne jtHTepaTypnaro se- 
JiB^da^ a jtHTepaTypnaro HH^ToacecTsa namero. B'^ab 8to o^enB 
noHflTHo: ecJiH ^eJiOB^Bi} 6e8npecTaHH0 on^ynHBaeTB b'b sapMaH'i 

CBOfi BOmeJieB'B, b'b BOTOpOU'B 8aBJIK)HaK)Taa pOBHUHB C^eTOlCB 
TpH AByrpHBeHHHZ'B, TO HO»HO CTh ^OCTOB'ipHOCTBIO CBaSaTB, ^TO 

^HHancoBHfl o6cToaTesBOTBa aroro nexoB'lBa ne 6jieoTflHiH. A 

qTO CBasaTB 06'B dTOlCB ^eJIOB'£B'£ 0% TpeiCH AByrpHseHHUMH, 

ecoin OH'B He tojebbo ne Bon^ysHTCfl CBoefi 6%ahocth, ho npe- 
HCBpeHHO c^HTaeT'B ce6A ^yTB He 6ora?OM'B h bo BoeycjiumaHie 
Ho6paBHBaenrB bx BapHaH']^ cbohkh MOHeraiiH? A ^to no^ynaTB 
06'B STOH'B ^eJiOB^B^, Bor^a, no 6jiH:BafinieirB pascHOTp'i&HiH, 
Aaace AByrpHBeHHHe to ero 0Ba8£[BaK)TCfl c$a6pHB0BaHHHMH hs'b 
ojiOBa? O^esHABO, ecJiH sto ne npecTynnHB'B, to jipocTO BaBofi-TO 

liaHBHB'B* 

r. TojiBAinTefiH'B He npocTO penopTep'B, a penopxepT. C'b 
ooTpoyiiieM'B, BaB'B 6HBai>T'B ryBepnaHTBH cb HysHBofi. OH'B ne 
]f0seT7> OA'^JiaTB CBoero A'^Jia, t. e. pascKasaTB o npoHcmecTBiH 
npocTO, a HenpeM^HHO cb pasHUMH BKHypaiin h BHBpyTacaMH. BorB 
cmanths „MepTBH3 nyTeraecTBeHHHB-B": ^Kone^HO, bto meoTsie 
ne^aJEBHO. Ho eme ne^aJiBH^e nyTemecTsie MepTBeAa no ropo^y. 
HoAofinoe partie de plaisir nponsomaio B'B OAOCci. Hbt* HO^aeac- 
naro npiioTa nocTOBHiCB ropoAOBKM'B 6uji'b bsht'b bb canH ne- 
HBBicTHHfi 6oja>Hofi cy6'BeBT'B OTH OTHpaBBH ero B'B ropoAOByK> 



HOBilfl EHHrn. 31 

6ojLhmsu,j. Ho 6e8ii ^AOKyMeHTa^ b'b Coshjamy h6 npi2HHifaK»irB. 
IIoaTOMy ero ompaBHJiH B7> y^aoTOK'B. Sa^cb Ha sonpooH o 8Ba- 
ma H .^aii^Jiin 6ojn>Hoft HHHoro He OTB'i^aJE'B, TaK*!* KaKi) 6Hai'B 
yace nepTBrb. Hbb^otho, ^to aHBofi ^eaoB'iK'B ooctohtb net 
MymH, Tkua, b naonopTa. MepTseqy se ne B086paHaeTCfl ne 
hm-Stb ;^ymH, ho o6a3aTeaiBHO Tpe6yeToa nacnopTB". ^obojibho, 
icHt yse BHqLHcajiH noAoeuny craTbH, h h8i> TaKnx'B-ro ^CTaTefi'' 
B cocTOBi*B BCfl KHBSKa T. TonhjijnTGSB^l Unovjifi, Bupo^eMrb 
aBTopi) 6HBaeTi> A'^flcTSBTejrBHO 8a6aBeH'B h He Ha osofi c^eTBi 
a Ha cHea*B t^xii, naA'B k^h'b ohx 8a6aBJD[HeToa. TaBOBa naiipB- 
M^pi) cTaTefiBa „OejiBeT0H'B^^ 



A. Aii<|)epoBi, A. rpysHHCBlft, 4>. Hojihaobi, G. Chhphoke. 
flfiCBTh HTeHifi no JIHxepaTyp'b. Ct* 29 pflcyHKaxH. EaAaaie A. H. Ma- 
MOBTOBa. MocKsa. 1895. UfiBtk 1 p. 

O^eHB npiflTHoe Bne^aTjriHie npoBBBOABTB btotb cdopHHBrB 
CTaTefi BCTopBKo-JiHTepaTypHaro coAepsaHia, npeAHa8HaHeHHHfi, 
no MHCJiH cocTaBBTeJiefi, rjiaBHHH'B o6pa80]rB A^a y^an^Hxca; b 
no BH6opy tomtj, b ho Tony BBJioseniH, h no i^-SH-fi— ornb nnooiH^ 
npHroAeHT* a-oh mnpOKaro pacnpocTpaneHifl cpe^n y^ani^eScfl — 
Bi> CTapmBxi> KJiaccax'B rnMHasiB — MOJiOAoacB. CoAepsame o^ep- 

K0B1> AOCTaTOHHO HOCTpo: mBpOKlH B HpOAyMaHHHA KapTBHH 

BH']&mHflro 6£iTa n o6n^ecTJBeHHofi sb8hb b'b cTaTBflx*B ^MaBCBH'B 
PpeKx" B „XyjiHTejQ[H nayKi. b'b EKaTopBHEHCKoft caTBpi XVIII 

B'iKa^^, 8TK)AH O napOAHOH'B TBOp^eCTB']^ B'B BHOCfe, 3m^KJS,i B 

ApaMi — ^PyccKie napoAHiie niBOH" h ^IleTpymKa", aBTepaTyp- 
HO-6iorpa$B?ecKifl xapaKTepncTEBB nncaTejiefi pyccBBX'B b bho- 

CTpaHHUX'B. EOJIBDIBHCTBO OHOpKOB'B SaXBa THBaeiTB TOMBT, HO 
BXOAflnUA — BJIB BXOAanua BHHMB CBOBMB CTOpOHaMH — B'B KypCB 

Bamefi cpe;i(Hefi mKOJua b nOTony BOcnoJiHATB b'b BHanlax'B cbo- 
BX'B MooiOAHX'B HBTaTejieft oco6eHHO HesejiaTejiBHHe npo6&[u. 

CocTaBJieHHHJBL HeTupBiffl aBTopaMH, ^^Tenifl*^ pa8J[B?Hii, bo- 
HeHHO, B no BBJioacemio, b no BHyTpeHHeify woTOBHOTByj no bc4 
OTH^^eHH OAHBifB o6npLM'B iz^xoH'B rJiy6oBaro yBaaceHia B'B cbo- 

60A'^ HHCZLB B ryicaHHOCTB; BC^ paBHUM'B 06pa80B'B nOJIHH co- 

BHanieirB BHcoBaro SHaHeHla npocB'i&nieBiH B'B xoa*^ syjiBTypHofi 

SB8HB — B A'^fiCTSie BX'B B'B TOfi ayABTOplB, B'B nOHBHaHIS) KOTO- 

poft OH'6 npiypoHeHH, Moaceo^'B 6htb ammB 6saroTBopHO. 



UpO<j>. Ji;. ObCAHHABO - ByjIHKOBCBlt. flSJEIK'B H HCKyCCTBO. 

(Pyccsafl BH6aioT6Ba ^ 8). Cn6. 1895. 

B'B 8Tofi 6pomiop% npo$. OacflHHBKo-KyjiBBOBCBifi AaeirB 
npoAOJiacenie cbobx'b JxiBshix'h pa6oirB B'B o6jiacTB nonyaflpn- 
sac^iB B pasBBTin rjiy6oKBX'B b hjioaOtbophhx'b B^ed noKofiHaro 



32 PyOCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

A. A. IIoTe6HH, TpyAH soroparo, ueoMOTpi Ha hz% BHa^esie^ 
ooTaDToa Bce em/d AOOToameiTB He6ojrBnioro Kpyra oneiuaj[HOTOB'&. 
Tpy^ECHOOTb HenocpeACTBeBHaro BHaKOMOTBa ot* oo^HneBlflMB IIo- 
Te6HH He o6aier?a6TOJi He6oraTofi n iiajio ooAepasaTeJiBHod jmTe- 

paTypofi O HHZ'B. flpKHlTB HCKSD^eHieirb JVBTh BTBJL'h oxy^afiHHxi> 

o63opoBX H on,'kuovT> TO ysEO onei(iaJEBHHXT>, to HexaHH^ecKH 

KJtaCCH^HKaTOpCRHZnb, flBJUIDTCH CTaTBH T. OBOAHHHRO-KyJDBKOB- 

CRaro, j^annpH nepsoe h aobojibho noamoe snaKOiccTBO cb OTKpH- 
tLimh h iferoAOMi* noicofiHaro xapucoBCBaro y^enaro vh o6jiaoTH 
HOTopin HBHsa, HCTopiH 1CHC2EH H TeopiH cjiOBecHOCTH. IIoca^AHee 
oco6eHHO BasHO, KaBT> no SHsneHHOOTH sonpoooBi* noaTHSK, ctosb 
^sAofi erne HayHHaro o6ocHOBaHifl| TaBiE» h noroicy, TrosesiaH 
IIoTedHH no TeopiH ojtoBec«ocTH He 6hxh iswh Hs^^aHH npH »h8hh 
H ooxpaHHSHCB aHHiB B'B 0TpHB0^HHxi> yxaBaHijiZ*B H ^parMBH- 

TaZTi SaUHCOK'B. 

Sacayra noTe6HH vh Teopin noasiH saBJno^aeTCH B'B npmi^- 
HenlH HOBaro iieroAa. HczoAfl hbii anaJEOrm cxoBa h zy^ose- 
CTBeHHaro npoHSBeAeBin, owh otbphjtb B'B csoB^i iipoo6pa8^ h 
HBA^aHKHfi BaeMeBTTb, xji^TO^By nosTH^ecBaro npoHSBeAeBXH h 
TaEHMT) o6pa80irB noaosHJTB Ha^aso, Tanrb cxasaTB, i^ejuiiMiflpHoft 
noBTHB'i. no BTOHy nyTH hjcbtb vh OBoeft 6poniK>p']& r. Obgoh- 
HHso-KyjiHEOBCBifi. Owh HBJiaraeTi acho, ckojebbo nosBOJUien 
eicy ir&>TO, yH[eHie o6'b y^acTiH asiiKa, B'B ero pasjiH^HHZ'B 
$yHBi4flX'B, BHb bh;c^ cjiob'b h rpaiacaTHHeoKHZ'B ^opicB, vh an* 
nepixenTHBHofi A^TesBHOOTH mhcjih h jnoBOXhno narJuiABO hbo- 
6pasaeTT> aHaaorHHHyx), ho 6ojr]^e cxosHyv pojn* HOByccTBa B'B 
Toft se pa6oT%. jIbhb'b h HCKyccTBO abjuadtcji jvle Hero I TaKHM% 
odpaaoiTB, ne cpeACTBOiTB nepe^aTB Apyro^y fotobha mhcjih, ho 
cnoco6oM'B coBAaBaTB Hzrb jsfls. ceds, rpynnnpoBaTB sonnjieKCH 
npeAOTaBxeHift bb noHATia, o6pa8H, thhh h hhhb pesyoiBTaTH — 
opyAUL o6o6n^ax)nieft ichcjeh. Ochobhhh habh pa6oTH npo$. 
OBcaHHHBO-KyjiHBOBOKaro iioryrB c^LHTaTBoa B'B naniH ahh yse 
HeoTi»eMj[eMHirB AOcroameirB nayBH. ^BH^enie, coBepmannKeecH 
vh BTOH'B HanpaBxeniH, t&tb 6ojr6e jDD6onHTHO, ^to HirieTB wir 

CBOJIBBO AOBOOEBHO ACUD^eBHZ'B jqpjTh OTB J^JTB, HCZOAHKZ'B TO- 
^eK'B — H B'B aHHTBHCTHB'i, H B'B OHHTHOft HOHZOXOriH, H B'B HCTO* 
pin HOBOfi IHTepaTypH, H B'B ^^OJIBSJIOp^ — H OTOBCK)Ay npHxo- 

AHTB B'B o;^HOMy peB^JiBTaTy. CTaneTHb jm noBTHBa na no^ny, 
yBasaHHyx) noTe6Hefi, 6yA6TB xn. ona .ncTopHHecBofi^y sas'B y 
A. H. BecejiOBCBaro, hjih ^hcto ncnzojiorH^ecBoft, BaB'B y Eana 
HJQi ^HJiBTefl — pa8HHn;a ne BeoniBa, no oaho HecoiiH'iHHo: liera- 
^HBH^ecBoft OHa 6htb ne MOser'B. OrB btofo nacjd&xiH cTapoft 
BoreTHBH He bhojihS oBo6oAHa, B'B cosajr^Hix), BHHSBa r. Obcjih- 
HHBo^KyjiHBOBCBaro. Mh bctp^thjkh B'B nefi, nanpHK^prb, Tasoe 
neocToposHoe n 6eBpa86opHoe ynoTpe6jieHie TepMHna pumMi^ 
Basoe ooBepmeHHO ne coraaoyeTOa cb npienaMH noJiosHTeJiBHaro 



HOBiifl KHHrn. 33 

H8(MK'fi;^0BaBifl. CsasaTB, ^to „no;^asaT6JD0bHOOTti eoTB no oyn^e- 
OTBy sBJieme pHncHHecBoe'^ BBA^MVh TOXbiso aareMHSLTB h npn- 
BeoTH srb HepaanosHHOOTH scHsfi TepMH^nb, hto6h nospHTb iswh 

pa8H006pa8HH£[ JiBJieHLfl, OBflSB KOTOpHX'B CB pHTMOMX 6oJ['fie 

cAOSHaro zapasTepa, h&jtb 8to saseTca noTreHHOMy asTopy. ^a 
H Tanrb, r;](% TepifflH'B 8tot^ 6o3srke oopej^^JiHTejieH'B, saM^HaHia 
o HeM'B He BnoJiH^ cooTB'iTOTByx}TB KaK^b A'^ficTBHTeJTBHOHy ero 
aHa^emx) b'b TeopiH HcsyccTBa, xasib n oospeMeHHofi pa8pa6oTK% co- 
OTB'&TOTBeBBHX'B BonpocoBib B^b ncHzoJioriH. Pa6oTH no c6jn2se- 
Hix) pHTKa n CHMH6Tpin, KOTopHfl, Kasx H^^ro HOBoe, npe^sa- 
raerB nonooiHiiTB aBTOp'B, nacTOOEBBo HHoro^iHCJieHHH b'b jehto- 
paTypi CO BpeneHH rep6apTay ?to, nanpnif^p'B, y JIoTc^e, b'b 
ero HCTopin acTeTHsn, pasdop'B hx'b saHHMaeT'B a^jiyK) 6osBmyx} 
rjiaBy. npHm^nnrb axoro o6jiHseHiH — to se na^ajio, npHM^Heme 
soToparo b'b Teopin HcsyooTBa CTaHOBHTca Bce niHpe h na ko- 
Topoe, ?to6h He saxo^HTB ^aJieKO, ysasHBaJi'B Cnencep'B bx qbo- 

HX'B KeJIKHX'B dOTeTH^eCKHX'B 8TK>AaX'B O rpaiUOSHOCTH H OTHJH*]^, 

Ha^ajio HHHHMaoiBHofi saTpaTu 8HepriH — uel MOseM'B ;i(o6aBHTB — 
npB annepnieni^H. B'B ^acTHOCTH, nsB'icTHoe HsojoE^AOBaHie 3eic- 
nepa o ctha^ b'b TexHBK^ h apxHTesTyp']^ AaeTT> b'b Ha^aa*! 
6jiecTHniyiD nonHTsy o6'BeAHHHTB HBoieHiB aaKOHOM'ipHOCTH b'b 
ujBWvb H noiaoTHK^. TaKHH'B odpasoiTB, yTBepsAaTB 6e8'B oro- 
BopoB'B, ?T0 apxHTOBTypa HBHAacB Kas'B ^nepeBOA'b'^ suobXb. 
CB ^asNsa ssyKOB'B^ Ha jfAsuisrh jmniS^ — ^KaB'B 6yAT0 h^cbojibbo 
pncBOBaHHo. BonpocB o nepBH^HOCTH Baxeropifi BpeKenH h npo- 
crpaHCTBa TaBse AaseEU) en^e ne MOseTi> o^HxaTBca p^zneHnHicB 
B'B noABsy BpeneHH, xaB'B ^ro „nepexoA'B ot'b BpeneHH b;b npo- 
OTpanoTBy, ot'b ;z(BH»eHifl b'b noBon, ot'b pnTica B'B OHHHeTpin: 
HaAO 6h o6ocHOBaTB ^'bwh nnby^B hoih xotb cBasaTB, ^to cb 
8TK&rB noBa enxe ne bc% corJiacHu. Byn^^'B, Hanpniri&p'By chh- 
TaeTi> cHMiieTpix) Hopasfm Ch pumMOMz npocT'&SniHH'B, — ho ne 
eAHHOTseHHHM'B, — coiy^aeirb nopH;zp^a nesj^y ot^^jibhhmh ^acTJuiH 
npeACTaBJieHia h bhboaht'b ea aoTeTHHecBoe A^ficTBie He Hsob 
ABoieHiB, npoTenaDnpcx'B bo BpeMeHH, h ho ^s'b o6jiacTH nynoTBa 
cjyxa, a h8t> npHBH^BH b'b ecTecTBeHHHM'B ^opnaM'B opraHH^e- 
oBaro idpa, npeACTaBAflDnpui'B TaB'B MHoro o6pa8ixoBT> j^BycTO- 
poHHefl cEioceTpiH. HanpacHo Tanace aBTop'B yTBeps;!(aeT'B, ?to 
^co^eTanie AByx'B rapnoHHpyDnpix'B to^ob'b pHTM^^iH^e pjd(ho- 
odpasHaro SBy^aniH o^Horo^. 9to npocTO HH^ero ne BHa^mrB: 
hh BHb HensM^HHO npoAOJUBaK)n;excH snyB^, hh b'b o^HOBpeKeHHO 
sBy^ftHKefl rpynn'l^ BOHCOHnpyDnpocB tohob'b — ^pHTica ooBepmen^o 
wifPhy h6o H^T^b noeoda pac^seHHTB hx'b bo Bpexenn. 

Mh He XOT^dDUI 8THMH ^aCTHHMH Saif^^aHiaHH OTBJie^Lb BBH- 

Kanie ^cHTareAefi oti> cymHOCTH dponwpH r. OBcaHHHBO-Eyjoi- 
BOBosarOi nasHoft b^phhx'b n HHTepecHHX'B MHCJiefi; Hao6oporB, 
;« 4. ovAx'h. ir. 3 



34 pyCGEOE BOFATCTBO. 

MH aceJiasH 6h eft nrapoKaro pacnpocrpaHeHifl h hobitcb Hs^a- 

Hift — ^HCIipaB:ieHH£IX1> H AOnOJOrHeHHHZ'B. 



OniiTi MaTemaTHvecKaro BnpasenlH noHHTit h buboaobi 
8TMBH.V CTaTML H. A. UlanoniHHBOBa. M. 1896. n;. 20 k. 

IIoA'B TasHicB sarjiaBieifB sHmoia ne^aBHO b^b MocKB'i 6po- 
mx}pKa. SarjiaBie en^e He TaR'B sypBesHo: najio jih Kasoe mosho 
HafiTH ^MaTenaTHHecKoe^ BHpaseme j[X)6oro noHATifl. Ob ^^pyrofi 

OTOpOHH, CSOBO ^OnBTTB^ JKaBKBaeTB Ha CKpOMHOCTB aBTopa, 

He npeTeHA7K)iAaro na coBepmencTBO OBOero Tpy^a. K OAHaKo, 
eoom 6h ary 6pomx)pKy npo^eoTB KTo-HH6yAB, HesHaROicufi hh 
CTh MaTenaTHKoft, hh cb bthkoA, to pimHJTB 6h, hto r. Illa- 

HOmHHSOB^ He TO ^T06h jil^IpaSHOrB^ BTH^eCRlH nOHflrifl H bh- 

Bo.z^, a npoHHB'B B'B caimfl hxti xopeHB ao TaKofi cTencHH, ?to 
Harness bosmoshhitb nsBse^B h8t> aroro xopna BCflEift BTH^eoKift 
npHHo^Hn'B B'B TOHH^fimeiTB bh;z(%; namnb HeonnTHHft ^HTaTeiB 
ocTaaofl 6h hoa^ Bno^aTarfiHieirB Tasoro po;(a, ^nK) Tyn* napo- 
;(HJiacB i^&iaA ,o6n](aH TeopiH^, BOTopaa, roBopa cjiOBaMH r. IHa- 
nomHHBOBa^ „0ZBaTHBaeTi» bhoih^^ BC'fi aTH^ecBUi BMoqm. Mo- 
3seT^ 6htb, B'B Ba^ecTB% o;z(Horo hb'b no6o^HHX'B saBjno^eHift, 
OTCDAa y Hamero ^HTaTeJUH HBHsacB 611 mhosb, ^dto r. manom- 

HHBOB'B ifCRpOMeH'B BO BTOpOMl* HSM^pemH^ (CBaSeil'B TaBTi, HOA* 

paacaH r-ny IIIanomHHBOBy), esejm ctojib dsecTAH^ee OTBpHTie 
HasBaJi'B c^peHBBHirB HHeneiTB ^onsTa^. 

IIooMOTpHM'B OAHaBO Ha 6pomK>py CB Apyroft to^bh sp^niH. 
^bnyoTHii'B, HTO 6pomx)py "^HTaerB rHHHa8H0TT» 8 BJiacca, BOTopnft 
MaTenaTHBy snaeT^B AOOTaTO^HO ws. Toro^ 'ito6h noHHMaTB r. nia- 
nomHHBOBa, a sthbh ecjm h ne snaerB, — 6%;(h 6oJiBinofi, BaBi 
cefi^acB yBH^HM'Bi H-irB: h6o r. UlanomHHBOB^ tojibbo O'b nep- 
BUXT> oJDroB'B HyraeTB nacB^ roBopa, v^o ero HSJioseHie ^npeTen- 
AyeT^ H^cBOflBBO Ha ^HJtEOoo^QByx) o6pa6oTBy^, a panno tojibbo 
O'B nepBuxx CJEOB'B cBpOMHH^aeT'B, o6'KSBjrfl£[, ^TO sa^ana ero 
CTaTBH yyCBOAHTCH JiHmB B'B yBasamio caiiofi ocHOBHoft HAen npH- 
sspsiema. HaTeiiaTHBH B'B dTHB'i''. B'B AasBH^fimeM'B aBTop'B (^to 
Ham'B rHMHasHCT'B xopomo nofineT^) ne npocTO „yBa8HBaeTT> 
HAex)^ Tasoro npHjEOsceniH^ ho — us^ MameMafnuuecKuxb {popMyM 
eueodumb doiMamn omuKU. HanpnM'fip'B, pascBasaB'B noApo6Ho, 
BaB'B HBH^HHeTOfl HJnon^aAb npflMoyrojiBHHBa, AiaronaJCBio boto- 
paro osjT&wrh n^BOTopan JiHHifl, o6o8Ha^ax)niaa y r. IHanom* 
HHBOBa „o6n;ee ^aBTH^eoBoe cTpeiuteHie HHAHBHAyyna^ (a bto 
CTpeiiseHie npeACTasjiHeTi* reoiieTpn^ecByK) cyincy AByx'B jramft, 
npeAOTaBJii£[K)n];HX'B, no r. IHanomHHBOBy, pasK^pH „hhoto aro- 
HCTH^ecBaro^ h ,|^hcto - aJiBTpyHOTH^ecBaro'^ „noTeHiuajQ>Haro 
CTpeicjreHiH'' BHAHBHAyyna „npH coBepmeHiH H^^BOToparo no- 
CTynBta"); — pasoBasaB'B 3to, r. UlanoraHHBOB'B roBopHT'B bi sa ^ 



flOBEia KSBTK. 35 

luiu^eHie (orp. 13): ^,HinaKb, OKosueaemeji (11)^ nmo nauSoMAuee 
HjpaecmeeHHoe doeoAhemeo noAynaemcH matda, K<nda doMfmeHWM 
cmpeMAeHiH (^) ^umcmuHecKoe u OAMnpyucnmHecKoe (,) e^ moHHOcnm 
JAeoiedy coffoA ffpaeneHu'* (sypoHsx Hami*). 

ynoMflnyTHft riiMHa8H0in> HaB^pHoe npHAeirB bi. BocxHnieHie 
<yrb jtorHKO-MaTeiiaTHKO-aTHHecKaro roHia r. lEEanoniHHKOBa, ko 
TOpHfi HameJTB BoaiiosHOOTB A-ijiaTB BauDD^eHifl orh npaiioyrojiB- 
HHKa K'B HaH6oaiBm6My HpaBOTBOHHOMy fffiBOJShOTBY B aaKjno^eme 
4)T0 He ocTaBiurB HE Ha BaneoiBKy ooMHHTasBHHirB. Qtoto npn- 
H-ipa 6HJII0 6h .KocTaTo^HO ji,3ui xapasTepncTHKH cnooo6a icnm- 
jienifl aBTopa, ho ho MOseirB y^epsaTBOH oti* yKasanui Ha orp. 
15, r;i^ r. lHanomHHsoB'B TaKrb se cna^aaa i^&iyo CTpanHi^y 
roBopHTB o npjDioyroJiBHHK^ H saT^M'B oniejiOKjn:ax)n;e yicosaKJix)- 
^aeiTB: ,,Cji']&AOBaTejiiBHO (!!!), pyKOBOACTBO 8anoB^A£>x> aJiBTpynsKa 
;^a6rB naHBHcmee yAOBJceTBopenie^... etc. Bi* noHjmax'B namero 
rnMHasHCTa, oco6eBHO eosH ohb y^niiofl no aobojibho paonpo- 
crpaHeHHBEii'B yqe6HHRa]rB r. IIIanomHHKOBa h noaTOMy npHBioBii 
o^iHTaTB ero aBTopHTOTOirB, yBaaaHHHH Benpi icoryorB nponaBecTH 
p']&mHTejn»HHfi h BeoBKa nary6HHfi nepesopoirB. Owh Moaserr*, 
nosajiyd^ noTpe6oBaTB oitb CBoero HHcneBTopa MaTenaTH^ecKaro 
AOiu^arrejiBCTBa mtbomeioa bt> ycras^ TeopeicH o HezosAesiH 
•no yjoHi^aifB b'b ho^ho6 Bpena h t, a— 

O^HaKO, HHTaTejcB, ne AynaftTe ooHmKOirB Aypno o HamearB 
aBTopi: OHB caM'B BHae'FB (orp. 29 — 30), ?to „HafiAyTOJi TaKie 
9HTaTej[H, KOTopHe H nocA^ npoHveBifl Boero npeAHAymar'o 6y- 
^yoTB 0HJiT9UTh, HTO npHM^Henie MaTenaTHBH K'B btksA,.. neAOCTH* 
3SHM0'^ BOTopse „yKa^TB Ha TO, ^TO npoBeAOHie yicoapHTejiB- 
HHX*B anaJiorifi ne ecTB en^e HayHHHfi CHHTear^*'. CoBepmeHHo 
B'^pHO. Ho xoTfl r. IlIanoniHHKOB'B h cneiaajSHCirB bii MaTena- 
TBxrk (hto He bi> 8ths'£, 8to xopomo bhaho), noaBOXHTexBHo oa"^ 
aaTB eny oaho MaAenBKoe yBaaanie. Mh npocTo HpHseAeicB csoBa 
xopomo H8B%OTHaro eny EeprpaHa h8^ nepsHX'B naparpa^B^ 
eoK) „Trait6 d'Arithm^tique'': „Le8 matb^matiques sent la science 
de grandeurs; toutes les grandeurs cependant ne sent pas de leur 
Tessort. Par exemple, quoiqu'un objet puisse 6tre plus ou mains 
beau, plus ou moins utile, — r^tude du beau et de I'utile n'est pas 
nne branche des math^matiques. Les mathematiques ne traUent 
que des grandeurs misurables^. A TaK'B Kas^B r. IIIanoniHHBOB'B 
He HSM'^pHirB HHKorAa hh yfaro^aJEBTpyncTH^ecKaro CTpeiuieHiH'^ 
<HH „HpaBCTBeHHaro yAOBserBopeHla^S to T^ifB 6ojn»nie h^ti. y 
Hero npana OTpoHTB npoHaBOjn»HHji MaTeKaTH'ieoBiH cxeMH n 

BTHOSHBaTB Wh BlSXTh AS06h OBpHTHH TaiTb 8TH^eCKla HpaBHJia. 

Ha OTp. 24, noroBopHB'B CHa^axa* o sesTopax-B Aa o CHHycaxB, 
asTop^ aaaBJifleT^: ^HpeAycKaTpHBaa b^od o cBo6oAi bojih, 
oori^AyeT^ npeAuoaaraTB*'... Tasi^-TO h bc% nponie aso6H bhboah: 

3* 



36 PyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

UBTopi* „npeAycMOTp&rb'^, a noTOtfi> yace coBAaJi'b oboh HarABy- 
TUfl ^aHftOEoriii. 

r. nianomHiEKOBi, o^Qbh;^bo, se noAyitaa'B, KaKi> npouBBoaiiHo 
pasA'ixeHie bc^zI} ^^ymeBRHX'B ABHsenifi he a<pH: ,,HeoABopaxraifl 
Hjoi xoTfl 6h o6ooo6aeHHMH' rpynnH, — na orpeiuteHia aroHOTH- 
Heckui, ajDbTpyBCTHEeoKiA a H^^eazHOTH^ecBifl. Eojra 6h npasHaTB 
ero TeopiiD, to ^oreoTBeHHO 6hjeo 6ii B08o6HOBHTb Ap^sme onopH 
o KBa^paTHofi HJCH TpeyroxEiBoft ^pM']^ ^nm, Koropyx), ^- 
poflTHO, npHmaoob 6u npHSHarB BOopABHarHHifB TpeyrojiBHB- 
Kowh HJ[H TperpaHHHM'B yraoiTB, aa ooHOBasiH TpoflBooTH nps- 
cymsx'B efi cTpeiuieHifi. 



HtO xaBOe rOHeOnaTia. J|,-pa £. A. JSjoKOML. HsAaale xapBiOBOBara 
o6]i^eoi<8a nooa^OBarejieft roMeouaTiH. Xap&soB% 1895. Il[. 25 «. 

Kor^a „y?eHKfi icip-B'' BOJrayeTOJEE saBBMi HH6yffB BesBBRin> 

OTSpHTieiTB, npHB'iTCTByeT'B DOSBJieHie BaROfi HHtfy^b HOBOft 

Teopin B'B poA*^, HanpuM^pii, i^exjitiDAapHofi naroaoriii BnpzoBa 
nuns. ^ropHTHoft naroaoriH Me^HiiBOBa, BorAa no 8T(»fy oxy?ax> 

npOBBHOCflTOfl 06H1H£ia ^paSH, npOBOSFJiainaDIipfl TBOpII(OKB 

8THZ% Teopifi „6jEaroA^TejiaHH poAa ^eJiOB^^ecxaro^' — to Boaofi 
o6pa80BaHHHd nejiOB'&K'By KOHeVHO, BBOJiH^ noHHicaer^, ^to ^e- 
xoB'^^ecTBO ff^ficTBBTejiBHO cjT&iaso marB Bnepe;zrB srb xooTBse- 
eiio rOcnoAOTBa HaAi> iipHpo;^OK), wh orpa»AeHix) oe6aL orh vbrh 

,,eCTeOTBeHHHZ'B^^ 6']lA0TBifi, XOTOpHMH B'B TaSOlTB H806BaiK Ha- 

A^OH'B „QapB npHpo^'. OjuasMO, bc*]^ bth 2[ssoBaHia ne aojubhh 
BaTeicHflTB HCTHHHufi CMHOJI'B 6jiaroff^Hlfl BeJoiBBznb OTBipsmi. 
06pa80BaHHKft ^esiovkR'h ne uox&fh He bha'^^tb, ^ito 6ojp»iimH- 

OTBO 3THX1> OTBpHTifi, BOHe^HO, HM^T^ OrpOMHOO BHaHOHie J^ttA 

dyxyniliUL'B fflioAefi, ho a^h nacB, hhh'£ SHByn^HZ'B, a tSitb 6o- 
flie A^OH T^ZT) H8i> HacB, BOTopHe TenepB yxe 6osBHii (mh ro- 

BOpHlTB SA'^CB HOBJ[K)^nETeJa>HO 06'B OTBpHTlaZ'B, HM'£x>n](]IX'B 

OTHomenie bi> uejijem^aELi), ohh He hm%k>tie» mucaKOU) npofcmiMe- 
€Kaw ana^eHiH. Jlfls. ^ejEOs^a, Boropiifl B'B AanHuft hom6H9^ 6oaeai>^ 
6yAeT^ luiozHirb yT^mjeme^rB cosHaHie Toro, ?to yace coBAaaa 
TeopiH, 6j[aroAapa BorOpoft ^epes'B H^ksBOSBBO AeoHTSOB'B je^^fb 
OTBpoKxrB F^^psoifi onoco6% 6opb6h o'b ero 6oa&fidx). Hao(io- 
porB, A^a Hero Hicier^ orpoiiHoe h poBOBoe sna^eHie eoBHaaie 
Toro, 9T0 ooBpeiieHHaH MeAHn^HBa He MoaDerr* homo^b eicy. A loi, 
B'^A^) BHaeM-B, BaB'B "lacTO coBpeMeHHan iceAHiipKHa, a^oibh- 

TOOIBHO, He'MOSeT'B nOMO^IB OBOKKHb BJdeHTairB! 

B% BHAy nOA06HHZ'B 060T0flTeflBaFB%, He yAHBHTeiL&HO, 'VTO 

nocTOSHHO noflBJEHDTOH oanoBBaHHiid i^^bsHTexH, npoBOsraanHHD- 
H^e, MTO HMH HafiA^HK B^pH^fimifl cpoACTBa A^H HOAtixeHiaaQe- 
BOBMOSHHZ'B 6ojri8Hefi. HeyAHBHTejibHO, hto 'b(A 8th nacTopH 
KneinH, KysbMHra: h t. n. roonoAa BoerAa naxoAHT^B Maccy bo- 



HOBUfl KHHFE. 37 

CTopseHHHZ'B noo^'i^OBaTejcefi h no^HraTeset: Mundas \uli de- 
€ipi... 

06HBH0BeaHO bc% sth npooaaBBSBMHe 011000611 x^^eHia ae ne-^ 
pea&HBaioPB CBOBznb Hsodp'iTaTeaieft, soropHe ho ooa;^!)!*^ ihkojih. 
HO hm!£dtt> nocJi'%AOBaj*eaed 9' ho nsEraiDTOa noorpoHTB KaByio 
jin6o Teopix), noAAdpsHBanmyio hitb aininpii^eoKie npieicfii. Ho 
cyn^ecTByer^ ojpain» oiiooo6t> Jx^ueHls, nocropnft ne tojibko Ha 
CTO ai%TT> nepeauunb OBOeiro ooHOBarenff, ho tojibko cosj^tLsrh wk* 
^To VB poA*^ misosasi^ ho Aase uuTae>rQfl cosT^aTb a^h OBOoro 
onpaBi^aHla i^<&i[y]o Teopiio. 9totb onocod'B ji'l^^eHLs eors pomoo- 
naria, ooaiKaHfiaa PaiHeMaHOM'B Bib Boanib 18 B^xa, Koho^ho, 06a 
ern oBoftoTBft, msm^ejon^ roiieoiiMiio ott> ^pypuxi* noHay^* 
hhx'b onooo6oB'B ji^^aBiH, t. &. bi ea opaBHHueaiBHaa i^oaroB^ii- 
HoeoTb H oyxQeoTBOBaaie y Hea „TeopiB^', OBasaHB ;zrpyrit orh ^py^- 
roiTB. KoTAA A%ao oBO^^nToa rxaBBHirB odpaaoirB na sn^Hoe 
odaaaie T^i^nvsene^ ofo onooo6i> Ji^^eidfl, o'^eBHj^HO, ne ico^seTB 
nepe»ETx> ero oajcoro. Kor;ia se oyioeoTByeiTB „Teopia'\ to oBoe- 
o6pa8HaH msojia q'^jmTexefi ^y^eTB cymeoTBOBarb so i*£xi> nop'^, 
noBa 6y;iyTT> Haza3PiT\b>&a Jin^, OHHrannde HysHiorB iK>AffepsH~ 
saTB Bry Teopk). A roMeoHarH^eosaa- TOopiH TBovh bhto^i^o no- 
cTpoena, ^rso HeooiCH^HHO aojeto enxe 6jjijTh oyn];eoTBOBaiKB jik>af^ 
KOTopHe dy^tyFB o^HTaTi> nysHEmrB noMepsHBaTB ee«.. 

Beivoahooos. HoorpoeHiA vouBmaavnoaaoi rHnorees b&kjdo- 
^aercja, BO-nepBHSii, wh ToarB^ hto, 6y7^9ii ^pMy^onipoBaHa b^ 
noduduMOMif- acBsxn, h npooTHX'B BHpaseHiflx%) ona A^a A'^fi* 
•cTBHieiEBHo coBHaTeJEbHaro K'h Hefi OfFHOtneHUs Tpe6y6in> Tasnx'B 
BHasift H TaBofl onoco6900'FH K'h osFBxe^eHHOMy MHinJieHiK), bo^ 
TopHfl SHa^BTOJiBHO BHme opeAHflifO ypoBBa; BO-BTopHX'B, 620^ 
rompa oBoefi BOo6paHcaeMofi ;(iaHeTpaja»Hofi npoTHBynojiosBHOOTH 
npsHiiiHnairb HaynHod Mejsjn^essi^. 0H,a aBjuaerca bsxtb 6h eoTe«> 
OTseHEEEDrB y6'6acHni;6irB bo^Z'l T&xrh, soropHe no^eicy jih6o 

HeAOBOXBHn OOBpeMeHHOV) MSAHIOiHOK). 

nooMorpHiTB se, B^ ^eiffB saiumHajoTOA npHHi^HiiK roMeona- 

TiH H BaSTB BOJUHBa HX^B Bay^Haa OOOVOaTOSBHOOTB. ABTOpi* 

paafinpaeMoft naMH 6poampH coBepmeHBO onpaiBeAJiHBO roBO* 

pHlTB, ^TO OyTB rOMOODaTiH ^OBOAHTOa B'B TpOMl. KapAHBaXikHHirB 

nyHivravB: Similia similibus earantur, BsyiceHUD x'£»apcTBeHHzzz'b 
epsACTBii Ha 8;D(opoBairB ^ejiOB^K^ b He6oj[Bniflii'B Aosmrb^ 
(orp. 33). O BTopoMTb mrB 3THX'b npHHOcvnoB'B mh roBopHTB He 
6yjBDeirB, saR'B noToiiy, hto oh^ octb toobbo HeH86'i}BHoe Ao6aB«- 
jEOHie B% HdpBOicy npHHipcny, <FaB%, i* smo %Aa6uoe, en^e h ho- 
TOHy, TFO Hayqnaa MexHi^BHa He Mesie FOxeouaTm BaHHicaeToa 
BBy^eaieirB A^AoTBia jiABapeTBrB Ha s^toposaft oprannsirB, toxbbo 
OHa B'B 9T0My npB]6aBJiaeTiE> enxe h HBy^enie A^ftcTBia aosEznb 
jT&BapcTB'B.H Ha 6oxBHofi opFaHH8irb. npHH9HirB Similia sioiiti 
bus eiirantur (noAodnoe HBo^HHBaevoa noffo6aii]rb) roneonaiTK^ 



38 F7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

Bi> Toirb ^HOJi'fi H Ham'B aBTopi*, wxe h ho ustmotob o6ooho« 
BaTB TeopeTH^ecRH: ohh npocTO ooHJiajoTCA Ha „$aBTH^, boto- 
pHe noAAepacHBaK)arB 8Ton» npHHixHirB. JlrY^ Ax>kob% BnoorH^ 
oTEpoBeHOH^ Ha 8TOTT> c^eoTb. j^K^eJi Jii^HTB noAo6Hoe noAo6- 
HKH^B, roBopHTi OHH^ Ha CTp.* 6, 6esrh oouwhEisi Tvs/ML napa;(OBp- 
caJEBHaa, ho t^itb He uewie OHa ocHOBaHa na ^aKTaxTi, Henpe- 

JI03SH00TB KOTOpHXIi HHOKOJKBXO H6 BOSdySffaeTTb COMH^Hlfl BHH- 

MaTejiKHBocB H 6e8npHOTpa(yFHHX'B Ha6xx>AaTea[efi, TysB^^HX'b 
TeH^eHian OTBepraTB ^^axTH 668*]^ npOB^pBH, Ha ooHOBamH 
TOJibKO Toro npooToro ooo6paseHiji, ^to ^aBTH bth KaxyroH 
HenoHflTHHXH^ . Mh He 6yAeirb ;(oaro ooTanaBjrHBaTbCH na toitk 
o6cToaTeJiBCTFi, hto no6']&AOHOCHiie ^^aKTH^, na soropHe coh- 
jiaeTCfl asTop^, cyn^ecTByxypb tojibko vh HHB'fiirz> He npoB^pen- 
HHZTi noB'icTBOBaHiflZTi caKHXib rr. roMeonaTOB'B; ich o6paTHici>. 
BHHMame na xpyryK) OTopoEy Bonpooa h, Bib y;[iHBJieHii> r. ^n- 
BOBa, CRaseii'B, tfo iipnHii;Hni> Similia Bimilibus curaotur mh OTBep- 
raen^B ne Bas'b „HenoHHTHHfi^ h ^napaAOBcasBHStfi^, a, npooro, 
BaB^B Byju>rapHO-HeTO^DEHfi. Ft. roMeonaiH ynorpebaawTiE. Tep- 
HHu^ „noKo6Hoe" b'b canoirB Heonpe^ic&ieHHOM'B oicucori, na- 
A'iflCB Ha co^yBOTBie toB Hepa86op^HBofl ny6jiHBH, wa Boropoft 
TaBie oHMHToicH, BaBTi ^BameJEB*', ^rojiOBHaH 6ojn>^ h t. n., oyTb 
npooTHe TepMHHH, BcerjLB, oaicHHib oe6% paBHsre. EyAeTb-jra 
rojiOBBan 6ojib BsrsBaHa vaaoBpoBieifby HOBOo6pa80BaHieirB bt^ 
Mosry, BOonaoieHieirB MOsroBUZT. o6o3io^eK'h^ th^om^ hjeh viwi> 
xpyrHiTb, wa eToft ny6aHBH Bcer^a oyn^ecTByer^ tojibbo ^bbtb 
roJiOBHofi 6oj[h; h to ope;z(CTBOt Boropoe noHoroio bti oahom'b 
ojiyna^, oxoTHO* npHM^HHercH h bo bc'^X'B ;q)yTHX'L cjryqaax'B. 
TaBan nyCsHBa^ Bone^HO, ne naft^^erB HHiero Hero^Haro bt> oa%- 
^yDiipix'B ojiOBax'B r. JI^nBOBa: „KaBi> cBH;E[$Tej[i>cTByerB hoto- 
pifl^ HBKKTOHOBHM'B fldjiOBOifL, nocjryacHBmHifB FaneMaHy vh oos^a- 
mx) roHeonaTlB, 6hjit> onurB (tl xhhhoS BopBofi, BOTopyx) Fa- 
neudkWh npHHHJi'B Bnyrpb bi> 6ojitBmo]ri> BooiH^ecTB'i ;e[xb npo-^ 
^ B^pBH npoTHBop%?HB£ix'B xHTepaTypHEcx'B yBaeamft o a^ctbIh 

XHHU, npHHeHl> OWh HHinerB, ^TO 8Ta nOCX^^Hflfl ICOSOTB B£I8BaTB 

Taxie se 2nxxopa;iio^HHe npHnasBH, BaBie dsiBaiorB y 6oxbhhx'b 
CTh HepeMe»aK)n](6ficH JtHXopaxBofi^ (cTp. 4). ny6j[HBa, hobto- 
pneiTB, He HafiAei*B HH^ero neTo^naro b'b stoitb coo6nieEdH 
r. JIjDBOBa, h6o OHa TBep;n;o snaeavB, ?to oojih ^exoB^Ba ^^^P^ 
8HTTb", TO 8Ha^OTrB, y Hero „XHXopafl;Ba** b eny HysKHO ;naTB. 
XHHH. A Toro o6cTOHTexBOTBa, ^TO nepeMeHaK)in;aflCB XHXopajcxa 
ecTB coBepmeHHO CBoeo6pa8Hafl 6ox%8hb, uenpeMfhHHo npe^noxa- 
raK>maH npoHHBHOBeHie bt> t&io 6oxBHoro hsb^othhx'b Mnxpo- 
opraHHBMOB'B; Toro o6cToxTexBCTBa, wvo ^exoB^na mohcot^ „ico* 
poBHTB" ot^ oairBncB paBHOo6pa8HHX'B npn^HHT*; Torc o6oToa- 
TexBCTBa, ^TO FaneifaHa „Mopo8Hxo'', BOne^no, bcx^xotbIb 
yMeHBrneniH o6M%Ha Ben^eoTB'B h OTpaBxenix oep;zqxa cxHm- 



HOBKLa RHErE. 39 

KOITB 60JIBmOV3 AOSOK) XHHH, ^TO BFO TEBSe HOpOSHJIO 6u H npn 

OTpaBJieHiH MHorHKH ApyrHMH cpe^^cTBanH; Boero 8Toro nydoiHKa 
HO snaeorb. He SHaerB aroro TaKse h r. ^sKOBnb, hjih, no Kpafi- 
Heft M^p^, He xo^eTTEi snaTB... 3a^b KCTaTH 6y;^eT% sairiTETB, 
9T0 IT. roMeonaTH 3no6airh 7TBeps;^aTB, 6y;(T0 Hay^Haa ne^H- 
i^HHa nponoB^^ryeTB iipHHiQzni>: „iipoTHBHoe HSJi^HnBaeTCE npo* 
thbhhitb'' h n08T0My ohh oos^aaH TepMHHi>: aajnonaTH, ajuiona- 
ria, BOTopHe h npHsaraiOT^ Brh Hay^HHiTB spa^aifL n Haynnoft 
uejfMJs;aBi. IIocji^ Boero BHmeosubsaHHaro h^itb HaAo6HOOTH 
saasjEjiTB, ^TO yTBepsAenie roiceonaTOB^ xosho, ^to Hay^ECHe 
BpaHE He pyKOBo;z(OTByDTCH Heonpe^c&ieHHHirB irpnnipinoH'B: 
^npoTHBHoe nsji^^HBaeTca npoTHBHHM'B", ^TO OHH, Hao6opoT%, 
CTpeMflTca OBecTH BCK) MeAHJ^nny srh ro^ssEDn> h eohhh'b ^bbhbo- 

ZHMnveOKHlTb TepHHHaiTB. 

nepefiAeurb TenepB wh TperBeny Hnocoi'fi^^eMy npHnnnziy roKeo- 
naTin, npHHi^Hny 6ei^K0HeHH0 MajiHX'B A08'b. T. JJ^kjkob'b BOK);ny roBO- 
pnrB npocTO o .naJiHX'B" Aosaxx, to^ho Hay^naa Me^KHi^Ha nasHa- 
^aeTB ji^icapoTBa ^yHTann. HacBOJn>KO Majm aosu Haynnod ne^pi* 
i^BHH, xerKO y6%AETBGH nyxeiTB BeoBva npooToro BH^nojoEeBia. 
BosBHeiTB^ HanpHM^pTi, vop^ift, BucmoH J^osa Mop^ui, AOSBOJuie- 
Mafl Hamefi ^apMaKoneefi, papna 0,03 rpaioca; cpejimfl b^cb Hop- 
HaJiBHaro Mysc^[HHH npHHHicaeT&a paBHHirB 78 sHJiorpaMiiairB; 
cjr£;^OBaTej[BHO, B^OBoe OTHomeme BHcmefi ;i^08h Kop^in kt* opra- 

HHBMy 6yAerB -^ = 5^5555^ A eo^ 6h mh bsbjol ma na- 

mere npnii^pa aTponHHT>, ^;i(08a Koroparo bt* 30 pas'B Men^e 
Jt08ix Mop^ifl, TO MK nosy^HjiH 6h en^e 6oj[^e Mejn&yK> ;(po6B. 
Cj[']&;z(OBaTej[BHO, roBopa o roHeonaTH^ecBSX'B ^^OBaxrb, nysHO 
HH^TB Bi» BHj^ He MajEHfl A08H, a 2(08H HeomyTHMO-KaoiHa, 
npaBTH^ecBH 6e8KOHe^HO-MaaHJS. Cn'^j^a roHeonaTn^ecROfi $ap- 
MasojioriH, x^BapcTBeHHoe BeniecTBO paaoHsuieTOjar jxjo Tasoft CTe- 
neHH, ^TO B'B Basc;z(oft ao8% ne KoaceTB 8aBJ([X)?aTBCfl h o;ip[oro 
aroMa ji'^BapcTBeHHaro BemeoTBa; Tas'B hto, co6cTBeHHO roBopa, 
roHeonaTH ne mtfyovh npasa yTBeps^aTB, 6yA70 ohh AaK)TB 
6oj[BHHirB TO HJDx ji^yroe Ben:(ecTBo; h6o, cj[^;z^h hx'b Teopin, 
OHH jxfikKiirh TOJiBBO 6e8BOHe^HO Majiyio ^acTB aToica 8thx'b bo- 
mjdCTB'h^ a TaB'B BaBT* aTOifB ecTB Bone^Hsifi npe^'i^TB j^isoir 

VOCTH H8B'^CTH0fi HaiTB VaTOpiH, TO 6e8BOHeHHO-MaJrEIH HSM^TH 

$oc^pa, pTyTH H T. ;n., ecjiu 6fA owb daoice u cymecmeoeoMAy ne 
uoTjm 6h yse Ha8HBaTBCH ^oc^opoMTi, pTyTBK) H T. ;z(., a 6HJ[n 6k 
npeAOTaBHTeoiaMH Basoro-TO nosaro, neB^j^OMaro nairB sen^ecTBa. 
Easoe se ooo6paseHie npHBOAHTT. r. JI^idbob'b a^h o6'BHCH6Hifl 
A^dcTBLa BToro TaHHOTBeHHaro Ben^ecTBa? To canoe, Boropoe 
^pHBOJ^aT^> h inpyrie roneonaTH h BOTopoe BaBjnoHaerca B'B ca- 
eepiueHHO U)aocao6HOmz yTBepsAeniH, 6yAT0 Ji^&BapcTBa, npnroTOBJiiie- 
MHa no roMeonaTH^ecBOMy cnoco6y, npHXo;piTT. „b'b cocTOEHie, 



40 PyCGKOE BOrATGTBO. 

BaKi. npHHflTO B'B roMeonsTiH HaBxzBaiib, nomeHWpoeoHHoey vh 
cocTOflHiH duHCLMuaamu^^ (cTp. 31). „^HHaiCH8aTi;ifl" aro — ^KyTron. 
BO BCRBOin> ojiy^a^ iryi^peHie synesa: „MeTaauri»'\ Roroparo 
TaK'B 6oflJiHCi> repoHHH OoTpoBCxaro, Aft oht> h npii;o7MaHT> ajih 
6o3%6 i[y;q>eHofl ny6jnzKH.., 

Ei^Ba-oin HysHO iipn6aBJiflTB, hto r. JIjdbobis He orpaHHVH- 
BaeTOs CBOHHH nceBAO-Hay^HHKH ;(OBo;^aicH, ho npH6%raeT^ h 
K% ;z(pyr]DrB npieicairB, KOTopHO, B^posTHO, HafiATTE* obov> ny6- 
jiHBy... Onnb H ccHJDLaeTCfl Ha „Hapo;z^Hyx) iiyApooTB^^ c^ ea flKo6H 
roiieonaTH'iecKHHH npasHJiaiai: „BJiHHik Bjnmoirb BHnni6afi", 
„^iin> ymH6cfl, Tiift h ari&^HCB** (cTp. 1); h ooo6nxa6Ti> soicy 
cji^;z(yei*z> (cTp. 46), ^to H^Koropsui BHCoRonooraBxenHHa h 
;(axe o^eHB BHooKonooTaBJoreHHKa XHixa co^yBOTByx)i*B roMeona- 
tIh, h pasoRasHBaeTb ^crpainHHe^' aHeB^OTH o HeB^ecTs^ h 
xecTOBOoep^OH Bpa^efi (cTp. 26—27). Oxhhm'b cxosoirB, y Hero 
BH HafiA6Te BecB TOTB apoenajTB, BoropHfi nyoKaerca b*i> xox^b 
BO BOABoft roHeonaTH^ecftofi 6ponn)p%... 



mapjll^ Sha'B, npo4». noiHTHvecsot mohomIh lopHXHvecxaro $ftxyxB* 
TeTa vh MoHnei&e. OeHOBU nOJIHTHHeCBOft aBOHOldH. IlepeB. c% 4*ro 
(I>paHD;yBctaro HBAaHiji JE. H. metaHca. Cn6. 1896. Hbx. ^. IlaBJieBSoia. 

alloopejtcTBeHHooTB B^ ciiHairi& 30Aom(yA cepedufiH^ — ^roBoparB 
niapxb SECh^tb, — He AoasHa nacB nyraTb: ;(peBHie, BoropHe 
B'h BTOWh OTHomeHiH cyAHJiH He xyse HacrB, h-Exhaas btb Heft 
o;5Ho HBt ycjiOBifi c^acTta*' (oTp. 258). ABTopt cb CBoeft totbh 
sp^mH npas'b: ero BHHXBa BH^^epacajia yse ^eTHpe ns^caHui: bo 
€>paHiUH, nepeBe^eHa Ha ^erHpe se asHsa (aHTjdftcBift, noxB- 
cbLS, niBe;^cBift h pyK£racBifi) (cTp. XT) n npenoffHOCHToa TenepB 
pyccBoft ny6a[HBi. Jiflo. aBTopa bto, hhohho, .c^acTBe''; mosho, 
o^piaBo, cnopHTb o toitb, ^to6h wo 6hjio ^cnacTBe^ wb. ^sra- 
Teaeft. Btj cBoeiTb $HJnooo$cBoirB „6e8iipHCTpaciiH", xoTOpoe 
yoep;^Ho noin^epBHBaerB nepeBo^j^HBrb (crp. XII), asTOpTb oora- 
HOBHJica B'B o6n^eoTBeHHOuib idpocoBepi^aHiH na 6acH'i MeneHiH 
ArpnnnH ,,0 ^Jcenaz'B T&ia n T&eixYJ^'^^ (92^ h cb ojroMidftoBHirB 
cnoBoftcTBieicB yBasHBaerB „Ha shbhohhoitb nnpy^ ^BasAOxy 
OBomy cBoe m-Soto"; th peHTBepi* — npeBpacHO, hitb h ooTaBaftca, 
TH pa6o^dfi — enie jry^me, 6yAB hitb h ne ponmcH, ras'B saB'B 
Bci MH ^jieHH e^HHaro „opraHH8Ma**, a ^aeayAOKTb" Bjmjtfk&tom 
„BT. pysax-B" H wHorax-B*. Ho ootb jidah, BOTopHU'B 6aofiA era- 
pHBa Menemji ho no BBycy, Boropne xot&ih*6h yxynniHTB cBoe 
nojioseme. dro rpycTHO, ho bto ^aBTB. HanrB aBTop% ne toxbbo 
B'&BSHB'B, ho h A06p'B. Oh^ HpeAynpeAHTexBHO ysasuBaerB, vro 
BpoirS BBroHAOBit MeHeBia 6HBax)TB k Apyri® ^ JP^ coikooraB- 
Jienifl T^xTi H Apyi^HX'B ne npo^Q> ootb yAHBHTeatBRoft BBBHits6ps~ 
CTHBH, BOTopaa ii^aePB ^octb ero ooTpoyidi). Bort, ajm npn- 



HOBBIfl KHBrH. 41 

M'6pa — BTi TeopiH npB6HJiH. AsToprb aaiz^aeroji sonpocoii'L, ^nq 
BaKoiry npasy npeAnpHEHMarexB npaoBaHBaeTB oe6'& a^hhootb, 
jarBJMiDmyiXMi npoAyKTOiKB Tpyj^a ero pa6o¥HXi>?*' (259 — 260). 3a- 
T^iTB HSJotaraeiTB Ha eTOTB cqeri. hh^hIa „8kohomhctob'b^' h ,^oo- 
ii^iaaHOTOB'B*^ IlepBHe yTBepacAax)Ti>, ?to npeAnpnHHHaTeaiB Hic^irB 
npaBO Ha npH6HJib, KaKrb HHHidaTopi> npoKSBO^OTBa, BTopHe c^h- 
Tav>FB ero ^napasHTOifB^^, ^cneRyjLaTopoH'b^ h Tasoro npasa aa 
HHiTB He npHSHaiorB. 06']& 8th xapasTepHCTKRH asTopy ne Hpa- 
Batoa: ojB;Ha ^epea^yprb „jieoTHa*', «pyraa — ^ajioCnafl Kapprnta- 
Typa'^ KaKi> se p-^^niaeTB BonpocB cairB aBTop'B h Kasaa To^xa 
sp^Hifl BHpa6oTaHa jswh2 Boti» dro-ro h Tpy^HO p^iqhtb, h6o 
BET^M'B Ha AByxi> oTpaHHAaz'b H^^eT'B nonepeM^HHoe pacmapKH* 
Banie b% 06*6 oropoHK. Gnb o^^noft OTOpoHS nesLbsa ne npHsnaTBOfl, 
qro n'posb npeAnpHHHMaTejia HH'ieirB cBofi nuBond'fttre,^ 1160 owh 
^coeAHHJierB B'h OBoefi pyK'6 pasposHeHHHe eJieiceHTH h nanpaB- 

JlflefPTb HZ'B K'B 06nxefi I;&IH^\ CB APTI*^' CTOpOHH HeJIbBH He 

coBHwrBCH, TFO ^^yHKiqji npe;(npHHHMaTejiA speffEia nooTOja>Ky, 
nooKOJiBKy OHa OTHHMaen> bosmoshootb p^oihtb npo6j[ei[y pao- 
iipeA&ieHiB, o6ocTpjserB pacnpx) nesKAy Tpy^oMnb h KanHTajiOM'B^' 
H T. n.; „Hej[B8H BOcnpeTHTb pa6o^HKi> c^HTarB aa oo6ofi npaBO 
Ha Bo^ 8TH 6oraTOTBa, oosAaHHHJi Tpy;(aMH hxi> pysi)'^ h t. ;i. 

B T. jZ^. „ECTb JIH BHZOA'B HBli BTOFO HOSOSeHlfl?^^ ^MOSerb 6hTB 

iitMt»xo (^^a ebucoda'': 1) BepnyTBOfl K'B HSCumpoBaHHoiiy npoHs- 
Bo^oTBy oaKooiK)jiTexBHHXi> opoHSBOAHTejiefi, a TaKii KaKT) aroro 
HexBaHy TO 2) opraHHSOBaTB „KopnopaTHBH£Ui TOBapnn^ecTBa, 
nyoKaK>naa B'h xoa% opy^ia npoHdBOACTBa, cocTaBJIflX)^^Ji hx'b 
see co6oTBeHHoeTB*'. ^HTaTejn> ^^yicaeirB, ^to 8to n ecxB p^zneme 
Bonpoca aBTopoiTB? Oiini6aeTecB. He seaaa o6HacaTB „8koho- 

VHCTOBlk'* TaKHM'B o6H^eM'B yOTyHOK'B jfOOXUaJEHCTaifB'^, Ha CJ[%- 

^tyionxed cTpanHi^'i noojn^ yKaaanifl moMOCO deyxh HaasaHHHZ'B 
vwLOjsfiVh, aBTOpT* cn^niBT'B aaxiBHTB: „pa8rb mh jKonyoTHjm o6n;e- 
CTBeHHyx) ^yHRi^ix) npe^npHHEMaTejifl, naicnb BOJceft-neBoaiefi HyjSHO 
AonyoTKTB H aaKOHHOCTB iipH6iuEH'' (crp. 260 — 262). 

Ha orp. 50 roBopHTCJi, hto „Tpyj^'B o;hhht> tojibbo h icoserB 
npereH^^OBaTB na THTyjTB ji^TesiSL npoBaBo;z(OTBa; npnpoffa nrpaeo^B 
TOiBBO 6e8yoaoBHO cTpaAaresBHyx) posB'S a na CTp. 74: ,;EtaiiH- 
TajTB voseTB 6htb o6pa80BaHi> ts^jusl nepBH^HHicH ^aBTopaicH 
npoH8Bo;^CTBa: Tpy^oiTB h npnpoAofi; HaB'lK>THoe BHpasenie, ¥to 

KaHHTaOTB eCTB „BpHCTaJU[H80BaHHUfi Tpy^^'S 6jsl3lo 6h B-ipHO, 

ecjiH-6H wh o6pa80BaHiH RanHTaaa ne npHHHMaxa y^aoiiic h npH- 
po;^a*^ n TaK'B, cocTaBOflerB jib, no yaAwo aBTopa, npHpo;!(a 
^aKTopB npoHaBOAOTBa hjih H'irB? 

En^e OABffB npBM'l^p'B. Bi* Bonpoc^ ^o K^paxrb j^si o6eane- 
neidfl pa6o^a[X'B oti> Hec^acTifi** aBTopi* y6%SA6HT», ^to H8;^epasKH, 
cBJiaaHHHH CB 6ojiiiaHBK), MoryiTB 6htb buoah^ noKpHTH oCuker 
cmeoMu e3auM(moM0um\ ;z(ase h ovh neciaoTHHX'B ojiy^aeB^ y pa- 



42 PyCGEOB BOFATGTBO. 

6o^aro xBainjio 6h cpej^OTKb saorpaxoBaTBCfr, ho 6%Aa tosbieo 
Bt TOiTL, ^TO y Hero „He xnaTHJio 6h bojih cffiaaTB 8to"; ho 

He CMOTpH Ha BOOB 8T0TT> OHTHMHSITB aBTOpa, BSJiTUfi HMHEi Ha 
npOKaTB y ^SROHOMnCTOKB'^, OHB Jl&iaeTCfl HaCTOJKBKO GMiijniWh, 

HTO p'^maerca yTBepxxaTB He;(OCTaTO^HOCTB cfejiorBrh pa6o?aro 
j^jEfl sacTpaxoBaHifi ce6fl na CTapocTB, na cjnynafi oveprn h 6e8- 
pa6oTHipi. Abtop^ p^maeToa (horribile dictu) Aft^e y^sawTB 
ce6%" BonpocTB, „He o6fl3aHo-JDnE[ rocysapoTBO BH-^inHBaTbCfl bte. 
jvkjLO o6e8ue^eHia pa6o?aro Rjiacca otte> ©rnxt Hec^acrifl?*' He 
6yfleMi> K^jaTB, ttoCh aBTop^* TaKt yxi> cpaay h p^mnjTB 8tott» 
hobhS Bonpoc^; aoboju>ho Toro, ^to oh*b cb KoicH^ecRoft cepBes- 
hoctbk) 8aflBJiflea*B: ^HejiBSfl en^e noKa cy^(HTB o noJieBHOCTH h 
;n^&floTBHTejiBHHX'B pesyjiBTaTaxT." repMaHCBaro pa6o^aro crpa- 
xoBamfl, BOTopoe ocTaneTCH, o;^aKO, „bo bchkoitb coiy^a^ ca^- 
MtAMz CMfbAfAMb ontAfnoMb tocydapcmseHHato coui€MU3Ma^... 

npHifipH, b^ poA'^ npHBe;zieHHKX'B, moscho vhokhtb ho 6e8- 
ROHe^HOCTH; yRasceiinb Ha bc% pascysAeHifl o co6cTBeHHOCTH 
(cTp. 241 — 255), o ^HepaBeHCTBi HMymecTBij" (cTp. 221 h cjr6R.)t 

O pOJIH TOprOBHXt nocpe^HHBOB'B (OTp. 97), O KOHKyppCHUiH H 

MOHonojrin (cTp. 79) h t. ;^,, h t. J^. 

KpOM^ TaROd 8RBHJIH6pHCTHRH, B'B RHHF'fi V, XKni^a BCTp%- 

HaeMt noinnact h TaRyK) nyTEHHi^y ochobhhx'B noHa-rifi, roto- 
paa MOserB npoHSBecTH cyH6yp^ B'B jwb nenoAroroBJieHHaro 
^HTaTejEH. BsFJiflHeMrb xotb na Teopiv) b^'^hhocth. IIo mh^hIk) 
aBTopa, „i^%HH0CTB ecTB otceAoeMocmh (desirability)**; „^•6HH0CTB — 
9Ta rocno;ncTByiomaa H;nea Bceft 8R0H0MHHecR0ft HayRH — He 
osHa^aeTB, cJi%;z(OBaTej[BHO, HH^ero Coa-ie, RaR'B ^aRTB, ^to Ra- 
Raa HH6y;tB Ben^B 6oaie hjih Men^&e acejiaeifa** (27). Hhrto, ro« 

HC'IHO, He MOSe'TB SanpeTHTB HHROMy Ha8£IBaTB OTOJTB CTVaOlTB 

n Hao6oporB, jehhib 6h ohb 8to oroBopnjTB h od'BacHHSx. Ho 
npe^^CTasHTeJiH Tpy^OBoft Teopin b[']&hhocth 8to nasHBarorB no- 
AesHocmhw, a noin-B cjiOBOirb utbunocmh pasyM-firorrB hShto ;npy- 
roe — Ti omnotueHiH, B'B ROTopsncB TOBapH o6M'6HHBapTca Mei&TXj 
oo6oft; T. e. minnocTB, no 8toS Teopin, BOSHHRaerB juhhib npu 
offMfbHfb. ABTopi> MoacerB 8Toro ne upHsnaBaTB, ho ohb o6H3aH'B 
8T0 8HaTB. Ho, cirimaB'B TaRHifB obpasoicB noHATia, ohb o6py- 
mHBaeroa na TpywByio Teopiio i](%hhocth, t. e. nonpoory 
BoioeT-B CB B^TpaHHMH MeJiBHHicaHH, H npHXOAHTB wh yri&mH- 
TeJitHofi njia ce6a mhcjih, qTo oht, ee pa86Hj['B, xoth h c^iHTaeTTB 
iCOJiroM'L rajiaHTHaro ^eJiOB'&Ra BHpasHTB no STOiiy noBO^y cBoe 
BSJiuKo^ymHoe coKajri&nie (34). Tojibro nocAtb TaRofi no6ijpt 
OH'b HannHaerB hobhS § „o MtbHoeoti u^&hhocth", hb'b ^ero ^ra- 
Tareitt ;ioaKeH'B saRjnoHHTB, ^to bcS npeamecTByiDnrie apry- 
iieHTH Tpy^OBofi Teopin (6jiHCTaTejiBH0 onpoBeprnyTHe aBTopoiTB) 
oTHocnjEDCB HC n't if^^HOBofi ix'6hhocth, h ac;^eT'B p'^^menia bo- 
npoca o^Ti HSMipeniH i^'Shhocth caMHM'B aBTopoM'B. Ha CTp. 39 



I 

i 



HOBUfl KHHrH. 43 

TaRoe pimeHie ^^ftoTBHTeoiBHO HazojiTHTca: ^k^hhootb Bemn 
onpeA'&iAeTCfl BOJnneoTBOWh Bemeft, na Koropoe ee vosho bh- 
ii'^BJiTB*', ^TO flBJifleTCA ysco c0BC%iiT> HeoacBffaHHHiTb nocar'% 
■Boix^h u^ejunecTBjnisxBLX'h iao6%^OHOCHHXi> pasoy^AeBifi o no- 
Aeauocmu. Ho aBTopr*, Ha^aB^ cb BerxoeaB^THofi desirability 
s 6jiaronojiy7HO ;io6paBmHOB ;^o ,,KOJrH^eoTBa Ben^efi npH o6h%h%^ , 
nyraeTca, He ojnimKOMi»-jiH iiHoro yoTynoKt owb o^Jie^jrh Tpy- 
jCOBofi TeopiH, H CTapaeTca ooxpanHTb yMipennocTB h soaoryi) 
cepe^ny; bto AOCTHraeroa •ri&M'B, ^to oht. BOSBpamaeToa STb 
8a6HTOMy 8nH30ffy h8t> HCTopin TpyAOBOft Teopin ^^&HHOOTH — btb 
onpeA'^aeHiK) Aj^. CiiHTa i^^hhooth Tpyj^oirt, KOTopufi moo/cho npt- 
o^^cmti 8a AaHHHfi TOBap^ (40). Ho h arniTB ne Kosmaercfl eme 
Boa 8Ta a6paKa;ta6pa. noo;i% TaKHXt 6jiyaj^aHifl BOKpyrib fla 
OKOJio TpywBoft TeopiH r. SCh;z('b boo TaRH ne xo^enb npHsnaTB 
Tpy^TE. ifipHxoiTB it^HHOOTH, a npHBHuaeirB TaKOBHiTB... 6jiaro- 
poAHHe Merajijni (41 — 42) h, ocTasajiCB nocai%ffOBaTejn>HHH'B, 
ffiiaerB CancTaTejiBHoe OTBpHPrie, ^ro ^cjiobo t^nna CTaao ohho- 

HHMOITB OJIOBa imHHOCmt^ (43). JSfi OHXTE. HOp'B MH 8TOrO Be 

BHaotH H y;qiBJiHeMoa, ho y;^HBJIeHie name BOspacTaeirB eme 6o- 
jrSe, Kori^a mh HHTaeirB uepea^ njimh cmpom 03iijiYV)m,ee: „He ojA- 
^yerB, OAHaKO, coBepmeHHO CMiraHBaTB, KaKi. 8to J^&IalDT^b npo- 
$aHH (!!), i^iny cb i^iHHOCTBK)" (43). 

PaSM'fipH BTOfi 8aM%TKH paspOCTaDTOfl HaOTOJIBROi ^TO OTH- 

uxAiDirh HacB B08M0SH0CTH 8BaK0HHTB ^HTaTejui CI. ;ipyrHMH "ia* 

eTfllfH BHHHBH. A B'B Hefi HeiiaJIO 8aHflTHKX'B M'^^CTB, KOTOpHA 

OTOHflo 6ji ^o;^HepKHyTB. Botb, nanpHM^p'B, na OTp. 269 — 270 
aBTopi p'imHTeJiBBO He uoxeirh corJiaoHTBOfl cb t^h'b, ^to6h 
n% HH6y;^B 8apa6oTHafl njiaTa norjia ne B08BHmaTB0fl n^xh 
Tbvh ypoBHeM'B, BOTopHft Heo6xo;tHH'B A^fl no;(Adp»aHiji shshh 
padoqaro (xoth h ne npHBo;^?*^ TOicy p'fimHTejEBHO HHsaEHX'B 
;(0Ka8aTeaiBCTB%), a noTOMy npH8HaerrB ^sce^i&HHfi' daBU)HnE> 8a* 
pa6oTHofi naaTH ^onTHHHCTH^rHKirB'' h ^bojiotuh'b''. BHOOsift 
HHTepecB Aax'&e nifieTB Bsvjiaj^'h aBTopa na npoaeccB o6ift%Ha. 
HHHe HaHBHHe jdhboah ;z^Mav)Ti>, hto ,,BOflBift o6m']^h'b, eojiH oh'b 
cnpaBe;z(janEnBT>, npe^nojiaraerB ^KeueoAeHmHoemt deyxh offMfbHueae' 
Mux^ fmHuocmeiV'' (KypcHBT. anropa), ho 8to — ^^raoTHfi co^hbitb, 
yxce jsfi,vBO onpoBeprHyrafi... KoHAHJiBflKOifB^ (!). Ha caiioirB see 
;i&i%, ecjiH fl (aBTop%) npio6p6Ta», a Bynei^^ npojaerB, to 
„Baac;nafi hb^b nacB pa8c^HTHBaeTi> nyTeifB odH'ina noAy^mmb 
ffOAtuie mow, nmo om daemz (KypoHBT. aBTopa)— t* o6a mia npaoH*' 
(KypcHB^ Ham-B) (94). 

En^e ;^aji%e: noA^ py6pHBofi „pa8J[H^HHfl ^pMH accoiaaipH 
wh ^poH8Bo;^CTB•6^' paBCMaTpHBaeTOfl pa6cTB0, aocoi4ai3iH xosflHHa 
H pa6oTHHKOBrb, aRiQOHepHHH KOMnaniH... OneBHAHO, asTopB Be 
oHHTaerrb A^ouet ce6fl odasaTeJiBBKifB yoTanoBBBmificfl cmhos'b 

TepUHHOBX. 



44 PyCCROB BOrATCTBO. 

„JlHTepaTypHyiBo neponesTHBy'^ asTopa (eosn nosBoxeHO TasrB 
BHpasHTbcit) xapaKTepusyeni TaRaa ,,01^'iHKa*^ npeacHHZ'E iraoa- 
Tejiefi: A^. Cmhti> ^HesaojiyaceHHO'' nojKynxJTB THTyxB omna 

nOJKHTHHeCKOft 8KOHOMiH; 8a HHITB OX^AOBaJIH Tpn yyBBJnSKZXTh 

BROHOHHCTa": MaABTycB, PHKap^o H SCaHJB £. Cafi; sanHcas^ 

TaBHlTB 06pa80MB 8TOrO nOOJI'^AHHrO B'B BOXHKie JEX>^, aBTOpB 

yciiOKOHTeJtl>HO npH6aBJifleT^: ^cb bthz'b nopi* noxHTK^ecsaa 
esoHOidfl KOateT'b c^HTaTBCfl oBtOH^aTOJiBHO yoTaHOBOKeHHoft^ (2 — 3). 
Bh^to „yoa[OBift KOsn^CTBa h npos8Bo;iiiTeJii»HO<yrH Tpyj^a'' 
aBTop'B pasoMaTpHBaerb ^^^eTiipe ycjiOBifl opraHHsai^H Tpy^^a"; 
RaBia me 9to yoJiOBia? 1) Accoiuauifl (b'b BHmeynoMflByTOirB 
oxHOJi'i), 2) ^HsioJiorB^ecKoe paBA&teme Tpym, 3) o6wkwh h 
4) KpeAHTB, T. e. BHHHrperr* H8I1 pasHKSTB ota&iob'b sypca, npa- 

TflUyTHX'B Sa BOOIOCH B'B OTA&TB O npOHSBOAOTB'l, HO KBJSTh pa81> 

6e8% ynoMHHaHlA o 6oJ[BmHHOTB% Tkxrh ycjiOBifi, KOTOpnicK b'b 

A'ifiOTBHTeJlBHOCTlI OnpOA&IfleTCJII OyHlfa H IipOH8BOffSTejn»HOCTB 

Tpy;^a bb o6ii;eoTB%. H t. a. 

no Bonpocy votoa^ nojniTs^eoBofi aBOHOifiH na cvp. 
8 — 10 BOTp%^aK>Toa HesypHHJi pasoysAdBifl o Heo6zoAHM00TH $as* 
TnecKaro Hsy^eHia A^fioTBHTeJiBHOCTH sEOHOMH^eoBHX'B ABxeHifl^ 
a BT» npeAVOJEOBin (XY) saABJifldTOHy ?to ^^ui ,,CTyAeHTOFB h npo- 
CTO o6pa80BaHHHX'B jno^efi'^ ,,SHAaBTH^eoBifi icotojcb npeTOiovrH-; 
TejiBH^e HCTopH^eoKaro H8JD[o»eHiii*^ noneicy se? IIo'TOicy aro 
„CTyAeHTH H npocTO o6pa80BaHHHe judah^' o6ji8aHH upiiuiufarB 
Ha B^py B^ioaHia aBxopa, a HOTopHEO-craTncTH^ecBiJi no^TBep- 

SAeHLa BTHX'B fiin^aEOfl OOZpaHanTOA TOJIBKO JSflS XpOKOB'B dTICX*^ 

MHOTepifi? ^^ 

He Bce, KOHe^HO, nxoxo bti bhhi^ r. JRHxa. HexypHO ero 
nonyajipHoe HsaoseHie saKOHOM^pHOCTH o6n^60TBeHKHX'B flssesii 
(4 — S), saojiysHBaerb BHHMaBifl (asa {fipam^yscKa^o TOopeTHsa) 
ero ocqK)posHoe OTHomenie kx TpexHseHHOMy A'&ieHiD (60), cb 
BHTepeoOM'B HHTaDToa M^cra ^npoHSBOAHTeaiBHOOTH'' BauHTaia 
B BpeAHTa (69 b 153), o BJiiHHiH vamnHr. na cy^^dy pado^BXi* 
BJiaocoB'B (197) B H^. Jtpyr. 

B'B 8aBjno^eHie ^Ba ojsoBa no a^pecy nepeBOA^Hsa, A&iftB- 
maro Vb BHBT'i, cb oorjiaciji asTopa, yyjsuoei-vjs^ j^onosaema b 

BdM^HeHlB^' (XIII). r. 3KbA^ rOfiOpBlTB, ^TO ,fG(miaAUCflHIHeCK%M 

cucmeMmooT&ROBisjmch na 4-x'b ^opMysax'B pasA&ia ^poffyBTOB'B^^ 
IlepBaji Bsi* BBX'B — „Ba»cAOMy nopoBHy^'. B'B 06'BflCBeHie yno- 
MBBaeTCfl Mbhocb, JiBsyprB. PoMy^t'B; saTiiTB — nepe^'^xH 06- 
niBHHHX'B senejiB „b'b ope^Hie B'^Ka bo khofbx'b o6a[aoTflX'B Pep- 
BasiB B AnrjiiB*' b daoice B'B Hame BpeuB „fb PoociH b b'b Aais'^ 
„0praHB8ai4a pyccRBZ'B o6iiihb'b bab Mipa O'B ero nepioAB^e- 
CKBMB nepoA'&EaicB (BaxABre Tps ro^a bub p'iace) ifoacsT'B c^eb- 
TaTBCfl npHM^ba^HieM'B obctomh pasA&Ka nopoBHy^^ (231). Bh* 
xo^BT'B, 1) HTO BOo6n^e seMeoiBBafl o6nmBa octb npoAyBorB ,^- 



HOBBta RHHrH. 45 

laaJCBCTH^eoKnz'L cHOTeirB*^ 2) "ivo seuexbneks. o6iEp[Ha b^ sa- 
na^Hofi Espon^ cym^eorBOBaoKa tojibko bi* nmccmoptAxz odxacTax'B 
repMamn h Ahfjoh, 3) hto nepe^^^JiH bt* Poccin coBepmaioTCA 
^B,m,e Bcero — pasrb b^ TpH roA&- Ecjih nepesoA^EBB'B hh'^ji'b npaBO 
npoH8Bo;z^TB ^AonosneHifl h HSM^HeHia^^, to ohI) o6js8aH'B 6H2rb, 
HM^fl Bi) BH^y j^yccKurr^ HBTaTeaefi, bhiijothtb, hbm^hhtb, hjih 
no Kpafinefi M%p% oroBopnTB BecB arooyB B8;^opi>, oBBA^TesB- 
cTByioni^ifi o Kpyrjtoii'B HeB^secTB']^ r. SCB^a bo Bceirb tom'b, 
^To oA'^saHO JEHTepaTypoft fb o6j[aoTH zBy^eHia eeMejiBHofi o6iip[HH. 



SemoreBJiaA'&Hie h cejiBeBoe xosaftCTBO. — CTaTbH hsi Handwdrter- 

buch der StaatswlSBenschaften. IlepeBOAi ci^ fl&ieipwro. HsAaale M. h fl. Bo- 
AOBOSOBim. M. 1896. 

IlaflBJieHie b'b pyocBOirb nepeBo;^^ H*iROTopHX'B CTaTefi no 
8KQH0idH ceJiBCRaro zo8£[:BcTBa nB'h Ha8BaHHaro H&ceuKaro BSAa- 
hIh ^ojimuo BHSBaTB SHB-ifimee co^yBCTBie, TaKi* BaBT* oho, 
no cnpaBeAJOLBOicy 8aM'£?aHiK> npoAHCJiOBifly jlo bbb^cthoS oto- 
neHH nonoJiHaoTB namy BecBica orpanH^eHHyK) jmTepaTypy no 
npHBJiaAHofi dBOHOifiH 8ana;(a. Ehso 6h, boho^ho, ropasAO 6ojr]&e 
vjbBSEiwh npio6p%TeHieirB j^Jia pycoBofi ^HTann^eft ny6jD[HBH, 
ecjm 6h Handworterbuch 6jisrh nepeBe^^enrb c^'^^jihbom'b h H8Aa- 
TejiH, ecjEB 6£3c OHH BaflflHOB sa TaBoe npeAnpisTie, 0Ba8ajiH 6u 
A^ficTBHTejxBHO BecBMa BpynnyK) yoxyry Hamefi 8BOHOMH^ecRofi 
JDEPrepaTyp'^. Caicn se ohh cnpaBeAJiiiBO roBopai^ b'b npe^^ncJio- 
Bin, HTO ^cJiOBapB 8T0Ti> SBJiasTGa HacTOfln;efi ani^BJioneiZciefi, 
saKjno^annxefi b'b 066*]^ xaccy ;iq>aron%HHHX'B CB'i;^Hifi no npany, 

CTaTHCTHB'%, ^BHaHCaM'B H npHRJEa^HOfi aBOHOMiH**. He 6%Aa, 

ecjin He Bci CTaTBH bi> Henrb ^nanncaHH b'b toh'& nojinaro 6e8- 
npnoTpacTia*'. He oobc^itb acHO, hto co6cTBeHHO HSAaTOJiH xo* 
Tknji cRasaTB .8thk'b. 3a orcyTCTBie bx ooiOBap^ sHTepaTypnaro 
raepoTBa 9 no^^aoiBMOTBa py^aiOTca HHena, hsti RoropifX'B co- 
cTaBHAacB peAaRiaa droro HBAania cb npo$. KoHpaAOiftrb bo 
rjcaB'i. EcJEH se no^'h ^OTcyTorBieK'B deenpHcrpaoria^ pasyM^i- 
JiacB npHHaA^eacHOCTB aBTopoB'B ri> toS hjih xpyi'oft JEHTeparypHofi 
nnsoar^, to cobc&m'b HeooflOBaTeoiBHo BHOTaBJiaTB TaRofi aobo;^!) 
npoTHB'B pyccRaro nepoBO^a Bcero cjiOBapa. Ecjih H8AaTej[H 6y- 

AyT% HCRaTB „nOJIHOfi OdTieRTHBHOOTH^, TO HOSHO OnacaTBCa, ^TO 

OHH He o6oraTaT^ pyccRyio jiHTepaTypy 6oaBme HHRaRHMrb no- 
paAOHHUiTB HBAanieH'B, b6o Ra2c;pift aBTop% cyAHTi> no CBOeiiy 
RpafiHeiiy paByn^Hix) h jiioah, HecorJOEacHO icu(uian4e, BcerAa ho- 
ryT-B ^o6BHHaTB" Kaat^yx) — caiiyK) A4JiBHy» — paCoTy b^ ^cyd-BeR- 

THBHdlf']^^. 

PaSTt BB^^aTeJlH OCTaHOBHJlHCB Ha HHCJIH H8;^aBaTI> TOABRO 

OTA'iJiBHHa CTETBH H8^ HaBdworterbucfai to o bh6op'& sthx^b era- 
TeS roBopHTB en^e pano^ trr'b euir'b, noBKXHMOMy, nepe;^^) Hanii 



46 PyCGKOB ^OFATCTBO. 

AHinB nepB£[3 BKnycKi* jj^iioS oepiH uBj^SkmA. T'i, KOTopsa bo- 
mjin B'B Hero, pacnoAomeHH cHCTeiiaTH^HO h ocTaHaBJEHBaiOTB 
BHBMame ^HTaTeJtfl nooi'^^AOBaTeJiBHo na rjiaBH'£&miixi> OT^^^tjEaxi^ 

O4»J!LbCKO-X03flfiCTBeHHOfi 8K0H0MiH: Ha SeiCJieB^daj^'^HiH (CTaTBH 

o6mia TeopHTHqecKia h CTaTHCTH^ecKia, CTaTBB o Jiaf A^ye;!!^^!* 
M napae^JiBpoBaHm), Ha apeH^axi*, na oejiBCKO-xo8H^GTBeHaKxi> 
pa6oqHxi>, TOBapHn^ecTBaxii, consax'B, spe^qiT^, Ha xji-J^^Hufi 

TOprOBJl^ H CeJII>CKO-X03£[fiOTB6HHHX'B KpHBHOaXI*, HpH TOM'L 8Ha- 

yeeiH, KOTopoe npiodpiTaD-FB Boi bth BonpocH y Haot> bi> he- 
oTOHiii,ee BpeMfl, KHHSKa AOJiSHa 6ht}e> npoTrena o^ 6ojLbniHM*i> 
HHTep6coio> ny6jiHK0fi, HesnaROMofi cb noAJ[HHHH£Oui>. IlepeBoji-^ 
cA^^aBi, BeoBMa TnxaTeJibHO, shbhm'b JtHTepaTypsHMi* asiiiKOArB. 
CjL'^i^oBa^o 6h., OAHaKO, OTM^^aTB B'B pe^aRi^ioHHHX'B npHu^^a- 
HLflx:^ t1 HeMHoria K'i^oTa, soTopKJi, OTHocaoB k% FoccIh, o6Ha- 
py:£iaBaH>T'B B'B aBTopaxrb naJioe saaKOiiOTBO cb (^aKTHiec&nMH 
oTHomeHiaim wh nameft OTpan^. 



UOBblflKHIirH, DOGTyHHBIDM BB PEAlKmiO. 

Eiiafta FOMepa» nepoBox^ H. M. MiiHCBaro. H^A&Hle E. T. CoM^tea- 
KDB&. M. 96. B;. 75 R. 

CoCpanle cTHzoTBopeflift B. PH>ro bi nepeBOxazi* pyccRKxii nHcaTeieft, 
Moxh peAftR^iefl H. <^. TzopseBCRaro. Bun. XIIL Tm^j^tnyb, 96- U. 20 R* 

BjiHBa OlKemKOBa. HaAi* HteaHon. PoMaHi b% Tpex'b ^^tyraT-b, He- 
peBDAi> Cb nojpbcsaro B. M. JIaBpoBa. BsAasie sypnajia cPyccnafl Uucajb*^ BdU 

96p n;. 1 p. 50 R. 

K. M. CTaHK>KOBHH.rb. HcToplfl OXHOt SH8HH. EdXaHld A. A. Eap- 
^aBa, Jt 96. B;. 1 p. 

^ena. JlipaMa bi» shth A^ftcTBiRZi. AHj^peH HHCKaro. KlOB^. 96. 

B. n. BBIOrpeHHH'B* BtpHoe cpexcTBO* PaBCsaaii. HsAame H. i\ 
COB^TOBa, M. 96. U. 5 R. 

QoB'bCTH H pasGRasu A. fl. IlJieiII[eeBa. Gi* nopTpeTOMii h Olorpa^E- 
HecsHM-b ovepROM'b. TouT» nepBuft! . Ilox'b pe^aRipeft H. B. BuKoaa. Hajtame 
A. A. ILieiHeeBa. Gn6. 96. U;. 3 p. 50 R. 

M. B. KpeOTOBOKaa. ipTHCTBa. PoMaaii. Cn6. 96, i;. 9 p. 

M. B. KpeOTOBOKaH. PoBHOCTb. £a6yiiiRHEa BHyqRa. Topae^^TBO IOjIk 
AsApeeBfiM, Cn6. 96. U,. 1 p. 

M. B. KpeOTOBOKaH. CuH'b. HeiqrAP^Hue. CeitaiEHa EOopUTHOcfH. 

llMflEHHEHl^a. C0H1> Bl> itXHIOIO HO«B. ^^TH. IIepB06 cvacTbo. Un6, 96. 1],. 1 p. 

Ba. H. HeMHpOBH^'B-AaH^eHKO. Mrxa. SsAaHla ;(,. n. E^fHjfQBa. 
M. 96. I^. 1 p. 25 R. 

Bji. H. HeMHpOBnHT»-AaH^eHKO. ry6epHai:opaBaa p6B»aiJi, Ho* 
B^cTb. Us^aale A* IL EjiBMoaa. M. 96. I^. 1 p. 



HOBilA KHHrfl. 47 

fioiBHoe irtcTO. PoMaHi A. A* AnpaKOHHa. EB^aHie ]{, II. Ej^HXOBa. 
M. 96. It. 1 p. 

HHTepaxypHElfl e6opBBXn> npoHSBeAemft CTy^eHTOB'b G.-n6Tep6ypr- 
cKaro yHHBepcireTa, nof^b pexaxi^ieft A. B. rpiiropoBiraa, A. H. MaAsosa h 
H. n. nojEOHcsaro. Gn6. 96. B;. 3 p. 

Ho^HHrb. C^opwsKi> o6n(ecTBa JiK)6HTeieft poociftcKoA cjiOBecHOCTH na 
1896 roAi. M. 96. I^. 2 p. 50 k. 

CCopHHK'B B% nousy Ha«aiLHiix% eBpeftosHrL mson. naxaHie o6ii^e- 
CTBa pacnpocTpaHenU npocB^eniJi Mesxy eBpejoiH b% PoccIh. Cn6, 96. I](. c% 
nepec. 3 p. 

CovHHeHifl B« F. B'bnHHOKaro. B% vemperb TOMaxi». C% noprperoirb h 
4»aKCHMHJie aBTOpa, rpaBH>poft cb KapTHHu HayMOBa h CTaTi»eft H. K. Miuafl- 
flOBCKaro. T^emeBoe HBAaeie <^. IlaBxeHKOBa. Cn6. 96. U,, 1 p. 26 k.* aa tomi>. 

GonHHeHia H. A. ^(OCpoJlsoOOBa. BmflsAe naroe 0. H. IIonoBoA. 
ToMi n. Cn6. 96. H. sa Bcd^ qeriipe TOMa 7 p. 

2K. MHUlJie. chctomI^ h shbhk Bhso. HcTopHXO-6iorpa$H«ecBit dTioAi* 
e% npExoseHieifb noxpo6Haro nepevos ooAepsaHUi «HoBoft HayKH>. IlepeB. cb 
4»paHi^. eTyxoHTa H. QaposoHHaro noA% peAasqieA ]ipo$. B. IL ByseeRyjia. 
HsAaHie A. A. RopvarHHa. Xap^KOBi. 96. H. 40 s. 

resparb CeHxeBHTb, saRi noHxoAorb coBpeiieHHOCTH. Ily&DnHafl iesii;ifl 
H. A. FooniTeTTepa. Ci> noprperoMi CeHseBBva. Cn6. 96. H, 30 R. 

CTOo^Tie ocnonpHBHsaHifl. Bf^ fljaeHRep'b u ero aui8HB. Odn^eAOcrynHafl 
Jiexiqji A-pft M. K. ByPAU. HaAaHie OAeccxoft ropoACsoft ayxiTopiH a^a 
aapoAHSixi VTeHifl. OAecca. 96. I^ 6 k. 

JlyH naerepi, ero shshb h ero on^urui. O^n^eAOOxyaHaA sesi^ A-pa 
M. K. Byp^oqbl. HsAame OAeccKot ropoAcsoft ayAHToplH au napoAHun 
VTOBift. OAeeca 96. U. 6 k. 

H. KapdbeB'B. HcTopHvecsoe MipocosepqaHie rpaHOBcsaro. Cn6. 96 
jq. 40k. 

H. KaiyJteB'B. IlHCBMa vb yqaiqeftca mosoaosb o caicoofipaaoBaHiH. Hsa ' 
^-e. Gii6. 96. n;. 50 b. 

Ilporpecci HayxH, ero npoHcxosAenie, pasBHTie, npHmuaii ■ peayuTaTu. 
CovHHeHie Axt. B« MapMepsu Ilep. c» aqpjiiftosaro. Zba. 0. H. nonosoft. 
On6. 96. D;. 1 p. 75 k. 

n. F. MnJKyeBT». Ovepsi pasBvriji h ooBpeMOHHaro cocTOflHl4i. HapoA- 
HBTO o6pa80BaHls B% Ahtaui. Gn6. 96. H. 30 b. 

Tpy^D^M nepBaro ciiuiAa pyccBHrb x^bflreJidft no nevaTHOny A^y bi 
G.-neT6p6ypr« (5—12 anp&ia 1895 r.). Gn6. 96. £(. 2 p. 

Organisme et soci6t4. Par Rene Worms. P. 96. Pr. 8 fr. 

BjiajV^BMlprb BarHepT». Bonpocu aooncHxoioriH. Bba* JI. <&. IlaHTe- 
a^Ba. Gn6. 96. !{. 1 p. 50 k. 

n. A HHKOJIBOKlft. OoHOBBDue Bonpocu orpaxoBaHifl. KasaHL 96. 
It 3 p. 

A. A. Hoaesrb. HacTomi^ee ■ 6yAyn(ee pyccKaro o6iz(ecTB6HHaro zo- 
adIcTBa. Gn6. 96. I^, 1 p. 10 b. 

OcaoBaue Bonpocu nojornivecBOft bsohomIh. JleBIb Byx'B. ^3acTb nep- 
Baa. HHTeHCHBHOOTb TpyAa, otohmoctb, n^toHOcn h qtaa TOBapoBi. Gn6. 96. 
^. 2 p. 

FenpH JIjRO^]!^'h. nporpecoi h 5^Iahootb. HaojriMoBaHie npHViHu 
npoiifiiiiuieHHuz'b saoroeB'b ■ .6tAH0CTH, pocTyn^eft BMicrb ci> pocroMi* 6oraT- 



48 PyOGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

cTBa. CpeACTBO HiKkuueGda. Ilepes. e% aari. C. «!,. HHsoiMBa, i^OBftpeHEaift 
M. H. TyraH%-BapaHOBCKHii%. Hex* Z. 9. IIaHTei<&«Ba. Cn6. 96 I(. 2 p. 

K. B. Tpy6HHR0Bl». PeryupoBaHie xdHesBOt cHc^moi. CM- 96. 

IIpo(I). M. C. KojiejoCHHrb. HuxMSTpHpoBaHmM qveodfl no xyxBTypaoft 
HCTopiH. Bun. m. <E>HHHKiftGxie MopeiuaBaTOiH h Hn BysbTypft. Hbx* P^iAUU^h 
sypHaJD:a cPyccsafl MHCBb>. M. 96. H. SO k. 

JI. Fperyapnb. Heropifl Opani^iH b% XIX w'baA. Tout vperit. II^eB. 
M. B. JEyvia^ot, no^ pexaKi^ieft H. B. Jlyiupuiro. Hm- B- T»C<>w»eHKOBa. 

M. 96. n;. 4 p. 

Ope^epsLKrb MacoOH^. Hanoxeoirb I Bi> npvxBopHOt r xoiutfOHeft 
SHBHH. Ob 12 psc. nepeB. e& 4[»paHi^. Hex* 0. H. KHpHuraa. Cb6. 96. D^tea 
1 p. 50 s. 

B. A. FOJEbl^eBrb. SasoHOxaTejaoTBO h HpasH vb PocdH XVm Btea. 
HsA. 2-e, 0. H. IIonoBoft. CnG. 96. !(. 1 p. 25 s. 

TOKBHJCb. GTapuft nopaxoKb h peBOJDoi^. IIepeBOX% iiOA% pex^u^M 
npo4». n. r. BHHorpaAOBa. M. 96. H;. 50 s. 

H. B. /lyHBipclft. RpeoT&flHoxaa Hoseiiea&Hai €06cTBeHH0<fffc bo ^pan- 
i^iH AP pOBOJoo^iH H npo^asa Hai^ioHajnbHsm Hiryii^ecTBi. (Bvopoft omwrt o 
BOiiaHABpoBKt sa-rpaHHi^y). KioB% 96. H^ 75 b. 

Py^OJtb^^nb OOH'B-IepHHT'B. HcTopHso-oGn^eoTBMnBiu oobobu btskk . 
llepeB. 0% Hiiieq. B. M. reccoHa. Hba. I. lOpoBOBaro. (M, 96. Il(. 20 b. 

^To Tasoe BpaBCTBeHHoen? T. X^HTJiepa. IlepeB. ci HtM. AxoKoaaxpa 
OcrporopcKaro. 2-6 HBj(aHie pexassiH sypHajia <06paB0BaHie>. Gn6. 96. 1(. dOs. 

K. BarHepib. OpocTaa sbbhb. Depesox'B cb <j[>paHi:(. 0. JLeosRMBOt. 
Gn6. 96. B;. 1 p. 

ObMBHa 3ICH8HH. Hba- sypnaxa cBpaTcsaa noMon^i H. A. yoraxo- 
BHua. Jlenra naTafl. CapaTOB'B 96. 

AiKOHl» Mopneft. KOMnpoMHccft. nopoBOX^ c% aBTJi. M. I^. Oh npH- 
AOsemeiTB CTaT&H Toro me aBTOpa o BOcnBrarejOiHOin sHaqeaiK nmipaftypGE. 
Hba. 2-6. M. 96. II. 75 s. 

3aK0H£l. J^emeaoo HsxaHio a^ sapoxa. Hax. fl. RaBTopoBHva. Ob6. 96.—- 
cBsmfiJsaaiJ.'b npaBaxi) h np6Bifyii;(6CTBax% BopzoBHOft caMoxepgaBgpB BiacTi. 
JS,. 5 BOB.— O npecTynaemaxi opOTiBi b^h. I(. 5 Bon.-^ oonsib 6paiB0m 
Bi. 10 B.— coH>ffb poAHTOJieftH x^toB. B;. 5 s.— HapymeHiB o6B(6CiffB6HBaFO 
caoKOftcTBiii. I^. 5 K.— npocTynxeHiiirb nporBBi HapoxHaro ^xP^bIh. I^. 5 b. — 
npecTynA6HiflZ'b iipoTHBi> shbhb, SixpaBlfl, qbo6oxu h hoctk vaoTHHZ% iaac&. 
U,. 10 B.— DpocryirieHiBZ'b h npocTyiOKazii npoTHBi) co6cikb6hbocch ibotbhzi 
jiii^'B. H. 10 B.— xyzoBHHZ'b BaB^B^^an. B^. 5 B.— 06% onoxft x hobovktoib- 

CTBi. Bj. 5 B. 

H. M. IlaHnoxOB'B. non^opHEU'b s HoaxBMflnrB awnnian sa 
KaBBasi. TH^jnicb 96. U;. 1 p. 

36icjrfl B jhoxh. BceidpHafl r6orpa4[)ifly covBH6&ie 8. PeRJQO. BlBei^ ■ 
HopBoria. EoJimift nopeBOXi^ c'b (pasi^. n. H. SpacHOBa. C% 75 pBoypuu. 
Hbx. 0. H. BonoBoB. Gn6. 96. B;. 1 p. 

C« H. UIOxoprb-Tpoi^Klft. MoTOXHsa apHeiieTBXH xu yvniexeft aa- 
poxHim iBBoai. Hbx- ^e* On6, 96. B|. 80 b. 

HoBiift.enoco(h> Hazosxeaifl o6n^aro HaH6omiiaro x^bmrroxa, x^^boiMB ]q>B- 

BHaBH X^IHXOCTH Ha J[H)6Hfl ^UlCSa H (j[)yHBI^lH. ^aCTB I. CoCTaBBTb A* A.iP. 

Cn6. 96. B;. 40 B. 

BEdsioTOBa x^ui cauooSpasoBaHifl. P6M0eHl». BBexeaie Vb mymdm 



HOBJua khhth: ,* 49 

opraoHqecxoft xhhIh zjeh zhmIh yrxepoAHcruxb coexHHeHlfl. DepeBOA^ go 2-ro 
aHTsiftcaaro HSAftHui H. G. Jl[peHTeJiBHa crb nsicteeHiflMH h AonoAHOBdflMH M. H. 
KoHOBUOBft. M. 96. B^. 1 p. 75 x. 

SCeHspHa-Bpan'b M. H. nOKpOBCKafl. BAuraix SHiKn^a ka sxopoBBe, 
HpftBCTBeHHOOTB, cwioTbe H MaTepiaiBHoe 6jtarococToaHie jooAOft. Cn6. 96. 
H. 30 K. 

BsiflHie uaottH Ha baopobbo nroApocTaaonqixi nosoo^Hlft. (JIjOBxa^^ XepcoH. 
o6n(ecTBy Bpavet). 8eiiCK. cajsKTapH. Bpava 11. O. Ky^^flBmeBa. Xep- 
ooHi> 96. 

CaHHTapHoe cocTOflBie Hwaimnrfc h cpqxhhx'b yve6BHi% BasexeHift A. A. 
COROnOBa. (Bm sypnaia «B^kTHiiK«b BociiHTaHia>). M. 96. 

06«b yroiuteHiH rjiasa. A-P^ vex. P. Kai^a. €*& 2 pHo. bi TOKort. Gn6. 96. 
U;. 20 K. 

C. C. BepMeJIB. FoJiOBHua 6(UDi, cyn^HOCTb, EJnaccH^Bxaii^ h x^qeme. 
M. 96. Ii(. 40 s. 

C. 9. mapanOB'B. RpecTbAHCBift myn. Cn6. 96. H;. 10 s. 

Ceprrbft mapanOB'B. no caAam h oropOASMi. Gn6. 95. U;. 30 s. 

CepPbft niapanOBrb. no vepHOicopcKOMy no6^esuo. CM. 96. 

OnUTU onpoA&ieHiir HaHBHroAffUnmrb npieMOBi nps xyxBTyp^ TaGasa- 
MaiopKH. OxqeTi no oiniTHoft TadaoHoft imaBTai](iH JIozBfliiKaFO o6ii^ecTBa ces^ 
cRHrB zoBflOB^ 8a 1893 r. Gn5. 95. 

Ox^eTTb JdozBHipcaro o6ii^ecTBa cesBCKHzrb zoBfleBi sa 1894—95 r. Uox- 
TaBs 95. 

Hect^TeoTonjteHie napoBuz'L botjiob'&. GocTaBim iiHS.-TezHOX. B. H. Be* 
peOHeBI*. Gn6. 96. S;. 35 s. 

B^ap^rb Kjocapi*. PaspyineHie dasaBRaBCBoft sboi. Aoponi vb 1895 r. 
(EsTb BOcnoMBHanifi (jltOTorpa^). TH(j[)j[nc'B 96. S^. 20 k. 

3eM0Kl& oOopHHK1» ^epHHTOBCKoft ry6. 1896. J^ 1. Hba. ^epHHroB- 
cBoft ry6. aeMCRoft ynpaBu. ^epHHroBii 96. 

H30Jl'Jb;n;0BaHl6 qacTHOBsaA^baBveoBaro cKoroBOXCTBa bt^ GapavoBOBot 
ry6., npoHBBeAeHHoe' B^b 1894 r. EsAaHie GapaToseBaro ry6epHCBaro aoMCTBa. 
GapaTOB'B 95. 

QpoeKTB RopMaiBHofl c&TH yqHJOiii^ Vb HBseropoAcxoiTb y^sA'b. Hqa. 
HHseropoACBaro yi^sAHaro seMOTBa. HHSHifl-HoBropoAi» 96. 

naMBTHaA KHHfitKa flByrcxoft o6jiacTH Ha 1896 r. Bbih. I. EBAaRie 
flByrcsaro CTaTHCTiraecBaro BOMHTexai HsyTCBi 95. S^ 2p. 50 b. 

OTieirb HapoAHUZ'b iiTeHiaxi Bi r. EepAflHCB'b aa 1894^95 r., co- 
CTaBAeHHuft GeprbeMi BHqHZHHHM'b. EepAflHCB'b 96. 

Ox^exTb GmiGHpcBoft 668n2aTH0ft napoAHoft dHOjdOTeBH-qHraabHH 9% 
nanflTb n. A. FoH^apoBa sa 1895 r. GmiGHpcBrb 96. 



M 4 0«»in U. 



1 



50 ' PyCCKOB BOPATCTBO. 



Ha^L ABCTpiH. 



BeHrepcsifl X'&ja hi co6cTBeHHofi ABCTpiH^ t. e. vh I^HOied- 
TaeiH, oHeHB Haao BSBicTHu. BeffrpH npHjiaraDn wA cbob 
ycBjifl K'b TOMy, nTo6u Eepona Kasi mosho HeBBme SBaja, 
qTO jcb^aeTCfl 7 bbxi Aova; cb xpyroft CTopoBii, He iojblab 
cpeACTBi, pesjaMBpyDTB BCflsift MaxKifl 4>asrB, soTopHd Hqri 6u 

. BO8BEICHTB BXl Bl MH^HiH HHOCTpaHI^eB'B. BcJI'&ACTBie BTOFO, eBpo- 

neftcKafl neuTb o^eHb iiHoro roBopHTb jndepajiBHuxi pe^^opnaxi 
BenrepcKaro iiHHHCTepcTBa, 061 8&0H0MHqecK0u% nporpecct BoHrpiH, 
o&b ycnixarB ea HCKyccrsa h jHTepaTypu, ho hh cjiobomi hc 06- 
HOJBHTCH TOMi, ^TO BeHrepcsiS flapoAi CTpamHO 6iACTByeTi, TTO 
He HaABflpcm HapoAHOcTH BeerpiH noABeprax>Tca caMoS (Sesnon^aA- 
Hoft Aeeai^ioHajHBaiiiH, hto BeHrepcsoe o6ntecTBO AeHopajtHSHpoBano, 
a ^HHOBHHHecTBO opojiasHO. H'J^T'B HH^ero yAHBExeJiBHaro b'b toite, 
HTO sanajiHO-eBponeficKaH npecca, noHepnaDB^afl cB^A'^HiH BeHrpin 
mi> BeurepcKHxi se hcto^hhkob'b, oHmeT'B Bi xyxl^ co^yBCTBeHHOMi 
BenrpaafB. FopasAO y AQBHTeibH^e, tto h aBCTpiflcsajaL npecca a^- 
jaeTi QO^TH TO se caMoe. 3to 06'BJiCHfleTCH, Bo-nepBuxi, Maiofi pac- 
npocTpaneHuocTBi) BenrepcRaro fl8URa« HiMei^KiS hjh cjaBAHCJufi 
sypHajHCTb ABcrpin npBHyaBAeHi no^epnaTS Bci cboh CBiA^Hui 
nojETHqecKHXi h ofin^ecTseHHux'B A'^iaxi BenrpiH hsi Hiiteiputx'B 
opraHOB<B, HBAaBaeMux'b BeHrepcBflMt npaBHTeACTBOifb. 3th se op- 
raHUt KaBi nanp., cPester Lloyd», copa hsi h36h He bhhocati h 
npeAiaraiDTi HHocTpannoMy iBTaxeJiK) tojibbo Tasia CBiA^Hia» bo- 
Topuji BBq-bifB He HoryTi noepeABTb BeHrpam. He orpaHHqHBaacB 
BTHMi, BOHrpu cy6cHAepyiDTx He Hajoe hhcjeo aBCTpificBHX'b raserB, 
KOTopua HHinyrb noxeajBHue thmhu mjapocth BenrepcKaro npaBH- 
TeoEBCTBa, JHfiepajHSMy BenrepcKHxi 6aHBHpoBi h dnpseBHX'B jifkzh' 
i^OB% H BeHrepcEoft KyjBTypi Boo6ii^e. EoppecuoHAenTEi aBCTpificsHX'B 
raseTi bi BeHrpin — BearepAti, Tasi Kasi Tpy^Ho HaftxH B'b H^HCjiefi- 
TaniH H-^Mi^a, AOGxaTOHHo saaKOMaro ct BeHrepcKHM'b bsubom'b. 
EpoMi TorOf noAofinsB soppecooHAeHTib hotph BcerAa HaxoAHTca 
na HSAHBeHiE BeBrepcBHX'b sanBTaJiHCTOB'B h^ pasyMd^eTCB, HHoieTi, 
?T0 BTHiTb HOCjiiAHHU'b HpaBHTCJi. Cboo rpflSHoe 6ijLhe Benrepi^u 
CTapaioT-b y ce6x aomb, a MaABBpcKia rasoTH nepenojHeHu Tasa uu 
pa3o6ja^eHiBMH, jLOTopua sacraBHJH 6u chjbho ycoMHHTbca bi jh- 

6epaj[H3Mi H SyJbTypHOCTH MaABflP'B T'J^Xl^ KTO HOFb 611 ^HTBTb dTQ 

raaeTU. Ho Bce k^jlo bi tomi, hto MaAbapcKin raseTu HHTaDTCji 
ToibBo caMHMH MBABJipaMH. CcopflCb, HOJieMHSHpyfl H pyraBCb Ha Hewh 
CB^T'B CTOHTi y ce6il AOMa, BenrepAu tot^cb se npHEBMaDT^b 6ja- 



' H31» ABCTPIH. 51 

TOpO;(HQfi BllJk% KEBl TOJIBKO Ha HHXl JCTpeUJEHeri BSOpU njJKB- 

t^Tpanei^'B. IIo oTHomeHiiD Kb 3arpaHHiEoii7o6iiiecTBeHHOM7 mb^hIh), 
BeHrepAH Bcixt napTifi coBepineHHO coMjsjBupnu Mes^y co6ofi, h hh 
OAHHi SB'S HEX'S He cTaHext poHflTb npecTHSik BenrepcRaro OTene- 
CTBa BHi BenrpiH. 

TojBBO HspiAKA o6ui;ectBeHHoe MH^nie EspoHH MoseTi sarjiH- 
HjTb sa KyjHcu BeHrepcsaro tfajiarana, Kasyn^arocH* 6jiaroA&PH niTj- 
BaTyps^ H 4>0Jii>rt, BanHTajLHHMi^ RpinKHM'b sAanieM's. Tas'b 6uxo 
B'b npomjOMi roAy, KorAa rpoMsifi npoAecci b'b Mors-BacapreJiH 
HpojHj'b flpsift CB^Tt Ha OTqaflHHoe, npflMo CHi^Hjificaoe noJoaeBie 
BeurepcBaro KpecTBflHHHa, orpatfjieHHaro noM^n^HKauB n TeppopHSH- 
pyeMaro sanxapMaMn n 6iDpoKpaTie&. Tas'b 6uxo HicBOibKO jitT'B 
TOMy Haaax'B, sor^a Ba^'&JiaBinifi MHoro HiyHa <MeMopaH;(7iii» Tpan- 
^HjTbBaHCRHX'B pyMUHX oxapasTepHSOBaji'b OTHomeHie BenrepcBaro 
npaBHTeibCTBa ri noABJiacTHUirb eMy napoAHOCTflM^. Bx HacToaniee 
BpeMH, B'b BHAy nacTynaDiuaro BosofiHOBjeaiH aBcrpificRO-eeHrep- 
CRaro corjameHifl, bi aBCTpificRofi npecclb (npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO, aHTH^^ 
ceMQTCRofi) noHBJHDTCii MHoro^HCJieHHHA AaHHUH AJLH xapaRTepH- 
€THRn BHyTpeHHHXi A'^i^ BenrpiH. IIohhtho, hto k% cBiji,iBisiyi% 

m^b HOAOfiHElX'b nCTOHHHROB'b CJiijlJQT% OTHOCHTbCfl Cb 60J[bQI0fi OCTO- 

posHocTBK), TaRii RaBi He Bcerxa Hoacno nopyqiHTbCfl 8a hxi nojiHyn 
AOCTOBipHOCTb; oAHaRO, no TOHy, RaRi othochtch Kb TaRHicb pas- 
o6jaqeHijiM'b o<t»<j|)Bi^iajibHaA BeHrepcRaa npecca^ yse anpiopH mosho 
piuiHTb, HTO B'b j[jBLEnom> cjiyHai Aiufb He 6e3'b njaBieQH. 

Hh AJfl Roro ne Tafina, ^xo BeHrpa nojibByDTcn bi AacTpiH npe- 
x>6j9Ljs,siV^m,Eu% BHa^eHieHTi. Ohh rocnoAcxByoT'b y ce6H AOMa h, BMicxi 
cb Tivi^ ORasHBaiDT'b cHibHiSmee BJiHHie na A'i^ja I^HCJiefixaHiH. 
Ejaro^apH cBoefi dnepriH, Hacxofi^HBocxn h tfojibmofi 6e3i^epeMOHHocxH, 
BCHrpu Bcer^a ju^jlb noj[b30BaTbCfl BaxpyAHHxeJibHUM'b noioseHieifb 
aBcxpificRaro npaBBxejrbcxBa. UocjlI^ 1867 r., Ror^a aBCxpificROMy 
npaBBxejbcxBy, noxepn^BmeMy nojiHoe uopaxenie bi BOflnt ci Ilpyc- 
€iefi, npBxo^CHJiocb njioxo, DeHrpii cbyjf^H bo BpeMH BHABHHyxbCA 
Ha nepBufi nianxk h jobro 3a6p&iH b% cboh pyRH xo, hxo npeAHa- 
BHanajiocb ajh bc^xi napoAHOCxefi MonapxiH ra6c6yproB'&. 3aR0H'b 
1868 r. npHBHaji'b BSHfepcRift hshri rocy;(apcxBeHHiiH'b B'b xpanc- 
JieflxaHCRofl nojOBHH'b HonapxiH, ho bobco He jHmai'b npaa'b hbu- 
BOB'b ocxajibHux'b sapoAuocxefi BenrpiH. 8xh hocj^ahia coxpanajiH 
3a co6ofi npaBo He xojibRo bi niROjax'b h rHMHasinx'b, ho xaRse h 
Bi cyAonpoBSBOAcxBi H B'b cHomeHiax'b M'bcxHaro Haceienifl c^b ax- 

MHHHCXpaXHBHUMH BJiaCXHMH. OAHaRO,* Sa BCRJEID^eHieirb Ma^bHp'b, Aa 

ox^acxH, Hoacajiyfi, eni;e pyiiuH'B, hh o^Ha ns'b napoAHOcxefi Benrpin 
He OEEsaiacb nacxoabRo cosp'^Binei nojiHXH?ecRH, hxo6ei Bocnojib- 
soBaxbCfl CBOHM'b HpBBOH'b Bi AOJiSHofi ifj^p-fa. GaMO co6oi pasy- 
M-lexcA, qxo BOHrpu ne cxajH AoaniaxbCH, noRa cJOBaRH, pycHHT^, 
cep6u H X. A«} noBMyx'b BeaqeHle npHSHaHHuxi sa hhmh npas'b a 
eayqaxcH hmh nojbSOBaxbCH. 

4* 



5S F7CGK0B BOrATCTBO. 

MueHtsifi BemrepcKift Bapoxdi'^) OKpyasenHuft co Bctxi cropoHi. 
^ysAtivH evLj njieMeaaifff, ;(OJiseH% npHjararb wA cboh ycHjU E'b^ 
TOMy> hto6h He yroHyTb b« cjiaejiHO-poiiaHO-repMaHCBOH^ Mopi. Eo^e^ 
BomyT'b CBa3aji*L: cMax^BpHsapyflTe Basi hosho CBopte cjiaBflH'B, 
p^MUHi H niMi^eB'B, HHa^e bs norH6HeTel» 3Torb saBirb aeaMeHB- 
Taro 6opAa sa cBo6oAy Beerepcsaro eapoAa opespacHo bom sarb era 
cooTeHecTBeBHHBB. ?T0 BacaeTCfl Kpyraxi Mtp'B xeBauioHaj[ii8aipH, 
H3o($p£TaeMin[i BenrpaHB, to vb btom-b oTHomeniH HajeBbsoi aea- 
repcKofi B^yKt Horjia 6u noBaBH^OBaTb ue oahb fionmaa asyia. 

^ase no o^fliiiaiBHofi BeHrepcsoft CTaxBCTBRi, HaABapu He co- 
i^TaBJiaiOTi H noJiOBBHH HaceieHifl BenrpiH. Ecib BcunqHTB Xop- 
BaTiio H GjiaBOHii), nposHHi^iir, iiojiB8yi>ni(iiicfl coBepmeHHofl bbtobo- 
Mieft H noBTOHy HeAOCTyHHiiflAijiMa;(bBpH8ai](iH,TOBeHrpaMiocTaeTc« 
norJiOTHTb TpaHCflJiBBaHCBHX'B pyHUHi, HiMei^BBXiCcaBCOHCKHxi) so- 

JIOHtaCTOBX, cep60Blf ClOBaSOB'B H pyCBHOBl. Ho H MeiBAy dTHMH Ha- 
POXHOCTB&TB He BCi HOAAanTCfl HaCBJIBCTBeHHOfi MaABBpHsai^iH. Bo- 

nepBHxi, pyvHHH, — napoA'B sbboS^ x'^BTeibHufi h BHeprHqeci^ift, B'E 
TOHy se uoJiBsyiDn^ifioi noxAepsBOfi cbohx'b eAHHonjieiMeHHHKOB'B bb^b 

CQC^AHed HesaBHCHllOQ PyMHHiH,-^'bniHJIH JSfiLth OTHOpi MBABBpHSa- 

TopcBHMi TeHAOHiiiiBii'b BOHrpoBi H ^yTeM^ nocJi%AOBaTeJBHoi arn- 
Tai^iB HesAy HapoAOiiit Ha MBTBHrax'b, b*b ne^aTH, b'b H3AaBaexia<B 
HarpaHHueft 6pomiDpax'B bhachhih CBoeMy o6n(ecTBy cyni^HOCTB oTmcB 
TeHAOHuifl, ysBBaxH cpeAcrna 6opb6h cb hbhhh Ha^ajiudTy 6opB6y. 
Tenepb yse h cbmh Benrpu, ynoTpefijBDn^ie ajb noAaBjiOHia pynaH- 
cBofl arHTai^iH oneHB cypoBya vbpu, npHX0ABTi> k<b Tony j6i7R]^emv>, 

HTO C<B pyHHBaMH HOBOBMOSHO CJiaABTB H Hy«HO OtipBTBTBCJI, FJEBB- 
HaifB 06pa30H'b, TyAB, VJ(^ HX'B HOOUTKH ho BCa*p^qai)TCa ClTaSHM'B 

ApysHttifB, BHeprB'iecRflii'B OTnopom. 

BeHrepcKie nibMHU, fijiaroAapa cBoefi syjiBTypHOCTH h HiEoropoft 
npAXepsKi^ H3BH%, Tose He JierBO noAA&iDTca MaABBpHsai^iQ. Bnpo- 
newh, H^Mi^u (bi CeMHrpaAifl) ao&ojbho MaaoHHcienHH, h nodTOHy 
BeHrpu He oco6eHHO satfoTBToa o tomi, qTo6Ei hx% noMaAbapHTB. 
SpoM*]^ 8Toro, BeerpB, bbb'b TOHRie hojihthbb, npeBpacHo noHHMaDTb^ 

9T0 CJHmBOM'B BpyTHfl M^pH MOryTT> BUBBBTB npOTOCTQ CO CTOpOHU 

ni^Mei^Kofi neqaTH ho tojibbo b^ AbctpIh^ho h b% TepMaHin. Mo»erB 
nojcyiHTBca eBponeflcBifi cKaHAajH} ^ero Benrpii, 8a6oTBn:(iec8 o chx- 
naTiflxi Eeponu, Bpafine 6oaTCB. 

OcraDTCfl Gep6ii, cjiobbbh h pycnHU. Cep6aM'B mh hocbbthms 
coBpeMeHeMi cnei^iajBHoe nBCBMO, vb nacToaniee se Bpeva saft* 

HeHCfl TOJIBRO nOJOSeHieMl CJIOBaROBl H pyCHHOBl. 

CiOBBRH *) HaoeJBDT^ cbaepHyD BenrpiiD, HaHHaaa orB rpa-' 

*) He ciixyerb cM^teDOHBaTB cioBBROB^b CO ciOBHHi^uui (oiOBeHKaaoi)^ 
HacejEannaofH niTHpin, Rpafiny, RapHHTlK), EcTpix) h lopHny. 3th nocriA^ 
me poACTBOEHH cep6o-xopBaTaMi h IcocTaBiaiOTi oTpaciB K>ro-ciaBinrB^ 
iceauy t^m^b saB'b cioBaxH— sanaAHoe ciaBaHCRoe ueBui, poACTBOHHoe no* 
JBsaH'b H HexaM'b. ' 



Ha^ ABGTPIH. 5a^ 

BHui MopaBiH (BOCTO^THafl ^acTB KOTopoft Tose Hace«Ba CJiOBasaKH) 
AO mapHinciBaro IIoTOBa, vji,i ohh cjHBanTCA Cb pycBHaHH. Osn 

SaHHMaDTl CUOIDHOfl VaCCOft ni[TflaAI^aTb CTOJIHE^'B (KOMBTaXOBl*). 

KpoMi Tora ciOBa^Ris aocejeHifl, HHorxa bi bha^ BecbHa spyuHUxi 
KOJOHift, paacbiiHii no Bceft BenrpiH. Tasi, Hanp., neAajieso oxi By- 
jianemTa HaxoABTCfl 6ajbmaa cjioBai^icafl KOJioHia cb HacejieHieifb 

B'b HiCKOJIbSO TUCflH'b j^yOI'b. AsUB'b CJOBaBOB'b JDtfonUTOH'b B'b 

TOM'B oTHomeHlH, ^To on% cocTaBJuerb sas^b 6ii sboho, coeAHGUiiD- 
mee Tpn asusa: qemcBifi, BOJbCBifl a MajiopyecBifi. Ha sanaA^ cjo- 
Bai^Bid flsuBii HesaM'bTHO DepexoABorb B'b ^emcdfi, na c^Bept B'b 
nojibCRifl, a Ba BocroB'b B'b HajopyecBifi. 

CjLOBai^BaB HaaioeajAHaa jiBTepaTypa cyntecTByeirb BeMHoraMi 
Horbe cxa ji^Th. C% XV no XVIII CTOxiTifl cjiobbbb slejle o6mfit 
KyjbTypBofr aBB^Bbi) c^ cbobmb qemcBBHB conxeMeflHflKaHB, b jb- 
TepaTypBHifi» BBHSoifb cxoBBBOB'b 6ui% Hemcsift, BOTopuft b Te- 
iiepb coxpaBBJE'b Ba co6ofi rocaoACTBo y MopaacBBX'b cjioBaROB'b. 
^emcByx) XBTepaiypy BHtcT^ ci nemcBBifb BSHSOH-b b npOTecTan- 
TBSHOHi saaecJiB vh GjOBaqqefly B'b noxoBBH'b XY crox^Tia bu- 
xoMu-ryccBTiz bsi HexiB. 

XoTB qemcBift XBTopaTypaufl BBUB'b b osasax'b 6aibuioe BxiBsie 
Ba BapoABys) piiib cxoBauBBx^ nacGi^ oabbbo, OB'b oa se BHTic- 
BBxi, B, Borxa B'b BOBU'b XYIQ Btsa Baqaxocb jiBBaeBie, BBBtcxBoe 
cox'b BasBBBieM'b Bai^ioHaibBaro BoaposA^Bia cxaBBB'b, obo Be hb- 
BOBajo B cxoBaBOBi. HemcBift bbubi, aa Borropox'b oBcaxa spafloe 
BeMfloroHBCxeBBBB cxOBausaB BHTexxBreBi^ia b Koxopufi ynoTpetixaxcB 
B'b 6orocxyseBiB cxoBaBOBi-BpoTecTarroB'b, j^a exoBai^Baro npocTO- 
Bapo^ia 6ujii> MepvBHM'b aauROMi. Mes^y Tiwb b vh GjMBaHHBH'b, 
BBRi B BesAt B'b TO BpeMB, BBTexxBFeBi^ia BOA'b Bxiasiafi npo- 
-CB^TBTexbAuxi BAofl B^BB cTaxa o6pan(aTb fioibinee BBBMaaie sa 
Bapox'b, nosexaxa npespaTBTb ABTepaxypy B'b Aoctoasie uaccb b 
Bcxi^ACTBie 9TOF0 Ba^axa ynoTpe6xflTb HapojiBuft asiiR'b. FxaBBUM^ 
BHBi^iaTopoH'b BToro BanpaBxeBifl 6£ij'b cBan^eBBBR'b AarOB'b Bep- 
^oxBRi (poA* 1762 r.)- ' 

BepBOJBR'b ORBsax'b esxbBoe Bjiflsie aa cBOBX'b coBpeMesBBROB'b 
B BHBBBx'b BBa^BTexbBoe ABBaBosie cpe^B cxoBBi^Roft (opeBMymte- 
-CTBeHHO AyxoBBofl) BHTexxBroBi^iB. Bb 1792 r. noBBxaexca nepsoe 
^CxoBai^Roe ynesoe o6[itecTB0> bi TapBaaib ci OT^txeBiascB B'b Apy- 
rBxi cxoBai^RBX'b i^OBxpax'b. Bospyrb BepBoxaaa cotiapaDTOa nep- 
BEie flao^iOBaxbHue cxoaai^Rie nBcarexB, Bib Teqeaie RpaxRaro Bpe* 
JBeBB BOBBJiaeTca AOBOXbHo 6oxbnioe RoxaqecTBo co^BBeHifi ea cxo-; 
B^i^ROM^ asuRi, B TBRBM'b o6pa3oarb BaqflBaerb pasBBBaxbca hobbb 
c^BBBBCRaa xBTepaxypa. , 

9xa jBxepaxypa, paBBBBmaaGa cpeAs cxoBaROBi-saxoxBROB-B, ^axa 
cxoBaBaui 6oxbifl06 hbcxo yqenux'b b soayxapBux^ 6orocxoBCBHX% 
-cooBQeHifi', AOBOXbBo MBoro 4>B;rojorBqecBBX'b pa6oTb, ^eeMaxo xopo- 
iBBX'b RBBmeR'b no ceibCROHy xoBAficTBy A^a Bapo^a, bo MesAy aep- 



1 



54 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

BUHif cJioBaiiBHUH uHcaTejiflMn He 6sjL0 HH OABoro noBTa hxh 6eji-^ 
jieTpHCTa. Gj[OBan;Kafl noBsia BOSHHEJia cpe^H cjioBaROB'B-npoTecTaH- 

TOB'b, KOTOpue SBJB COBepmeHHO CaMOCTOflTeJbHOfi ;iyXOBHOfi SHBHbD,. 
UaJO CnOCBJIBCB CO CBOBMB KaTOJIH?eCKBMH BeUJiaKaMB. y CJIOBBKOBl- 

upoTecTaHTOB'B BjniBHie ^emcsaro jiBusa 6kijio ropasAO CHJibHie, TaK'E. 
Kaai OHH 6usB dpambmh HacjfbAHBBaMH qeBrcEHxi BuxoAAeBi» Bpe- 
ueE'h ryccBTBBva H cbbto xpaBOJiH sbb^th Fycca, bh'^ct^ (tl rbHi 
OHH rjiy6oKO htbjih neniCBifi bbetk'b, na Koxopufl 6ujia nepeBe^eHa 
BX'B FJiaBHaa cbbthbb, t. h. KpajiBi^RaB 6H6jiiji, n na eotopomi. 
6fiiJ[H HanHcaHH bxt* fiorocjyseSHUB BHHrn. Upntuif^h cJOBaaoBii- 

KaTOJIHBOB'B HOBjiflJIl H Ha BBXT. H y BBXl nOflBJ[flDTCfl yqeHHft 

o6n(ecTBa, BOTopua sa^^a^TCH u^^xub pasBHBaTb H9.poAHBift asuB'b, h 
y hhxi> na^HHaDiyB BHXo^BTb coqaHeBia na cioBai^BOM'B aSBiBi, ocho- 
BUBaiDTCfl nepBue opraHH nenaTH h t. a- OAHaso, Mes^y CJioBaBaiiH^ 

SaTOJIHBaMH H BXl HpOTeeraHTCBBMH pOAH^ailH He 6UI0 HHtCaBOfi CBB3H. 

06t OTpacjiH oAHoro h Toro se Bapo^a, pasA^ieHHUji toibbo B^po-^ 
HCHOBtAaHieHi, npeACTaBJHjni Bas^b 6u aba nysAHe^ HHorAa Bpas- 
Ae6Hue JiarepB. 

XoTB 3% caiioM'B BOHi;t Xym CTOJE'bTiH H jfb Te?eHie nepBux'K 
AecBTflj^Tift HacTOBH^aro sisa cjioBaB[RaB Bai^ioBaiBBaA jiBTepaxypa 

MOrja HOXBaJHTBCB AOBOJbHO BHa^HTeJIbHHM'b BOJIHHeCTBOMl CO^BHe- 

Hifii OAHaBO, TpaAHiUB npesHBro jiHTepaTypHaro eABHCTBa cl nexaHH 
Bce en^e 6Hjia sbbb, h HHorie cioBaBH, ne nopHBaa cbbbh co cbo- 
BM'b poABUH-B BapoAoui, HHcajiH HO HemcBH. MesAy npo^BMi Cjio- 
Ba^HBHa AaJia ^emcsoft jHTepaTyp'b AByx'B nncaTejefi, cjaaa boto- 
pHX'B pacnpocrpaHHjacB Aa^eBO sa opeA'^jiH hctojiiBO hx'b poahhu 
BJiH HexiH, HO h Bcero cjaBBHCTBa. My roBopBifb o Uni Rojuapby 
TBopi^'b c^OHepaCjiaBH 9,8061 BcxopHBi niaii^apHB^b. EjraroAapa btbmi 
AByMi BMeBaMT, h GjOBaHHHRa npiotipija B3B'6cthoctb bi cjaBan*^ 
CBOHi uipi. HAea «cjaBaHCBoi B3aHMH0CTB», nponoB^Ayeiiafl £oj[-^ 
lapoMi, OBBsajia rpouaABoe BjiiaHie na pasBHTie nai^ioHajbHaro co- 
BHaHifl cpeAH mcjibbxi cjiaBBHCBBX'b HapoAHocxeft. XoTH Kojuapi h 
He Cujrb CTopoBHBBOH'b jBTepaxypBaro cenapaxHSMa cJOBaBOBi^ 
OAHBBo, ero A^axeJibHocxb, 6HXb uosexi npoxBBi ero boab, CBJbHa 
caoco6cxBOBajia pasBBiiK) caMOCxoaxeibHOfi cjiOBai^Kofi JBxepaxypu. 
C6opHHR'b conexoBi Kojuapa, BSAaHHUfi noA'b sarjaBiea'b cj^o^b. 
CjiaB«» (1824), npofiysAaJ'b b-b cepAiiaxi cjioaaBOB-b He xojbBO 
BocxopmeBHyi) jiio6obl b% UBOfl^ecBofi Gj[aBaHn].BBi, bo h HcspeHHee^ 
sejanie pa6oxaxb na nojibsy co6cxBeHHaro napoAa. ^eiroBpaxHie- 
csia BACH, BoxopHMH 6ujiH BpoHHEHyxu cxHxoxBopeHifl Kojijapa^ 
npHUBjncb cpeAB BiinieAniefi HS'b BapoAa cJiOBai^Rofl HnxewHreHijiH 
H npnnecjH o6HvikHue bjoau- 

KojJiapL, KBK'b HBBicxHO, npBSHaBaji'b xoibBo qexupe CJiaBBH« 
CBia jHxepaxypH: pyccEyro, nojibCKyro, HJiJiBpiflcKyK) h HeracByjo. Oh% 
cxauHji'b wb o6fl3aHnocxb BaaAOMy cjiaBaHHHy snaxb bxh nexbrpe 
^3HKa, ^xo6h nojbSOBaxbca hjoabmh Ayxoenoft shbhh Bcefl CjiaBaH* 



Vm> ABCTPIH. • 55' 

IQHHH, KOTopajr^ Kas'b eHy BasaJiocB, npe^^cTaBiaei^ h^^to i^^jioe, 
e^HHoe. O^HaRO, Tiwh ho Heeie OH*b He OTpm^aji'B npasa na caHo- 
CTOflTejBHoe pasBHTie sc^Baro m'b ciaBa^csBxi aap'ib^ifi: obi TOJbRo 
He BipHjEi vb BO8MOSHOCTI1 Toro, ^To6ii jiHxepaTypa MaieBbRofi na- 
po^HOCTH noJiy^Ejia BKrAaK)n!;eecH SHaneHie h irorjia conepHBiaTB Ha 
nonpBH^ib i^BBHJHBai^iH Cb jBTepaTypaMH RpynHuxi HauionajiBHO- 
CTefi. BcJixcTBie btofo caxi Eouapi nHcajn no ^emcRH. Ho ^em- 
CRifi fl3HR% ero TBopeniA He OTiH^ajiCA oco6eHH0fl HHCTOTod; b% 
HHxt TO H jsMo nonaAajiHCB cjioBaqaBHU. IIocjiiAOBaTejiH Eojuapa^ 
xoTfl H o^ymeBJajncB ero HAeaini, ho acHO nyBCTBOBajro, hto lem- 
cRifi asuRi, BOTOpHfi OHH Bsy^ajH no RHHSRaiuB, He Mosex'B sa- 

M^HHTB BITB pOAHOFO flSHRa, Ha ROTOpOlTB OHH TOBOpHJIH HBSAy 

co6ofl enseAHeBHo. nposaH^ecRis coHBHeHiA cjiOBaB;icBX'B DHcaTejiefi 
en^e xobojbho xojro bhxoahjh na HemcROMi asBR'bf ho yse nep- 
BHe cjOBaiiRie noaTs bbahvo saTpyAnaiHCB HHcaTB cboh npoBseeAe- 
HiH HO HemcRB. Bi> aT0ii*B OTHomeniH npHir&p'B Kojjiapa ne noA^fi- 
CTBOBajii. FojMH, XajynRa h Apyrie cJOsaiiRie hostii ynoTpe6jiAK)T'B 

HCRJID^BTejIBHO pOAHOfi HBHRl, XOTH H He COBCb^l HHCTIlfi. 

OAHaROy ^emcRifi hbeiri, jrameHHofi npaB'B rpaacAaHCTBa bi cjo- 
Bai^Rofl HOBsiH, Bce en^e Brpaji o^ohb BasHyx) pou bi RyjiBTyp- 
Hoi SH3HH ciOBai^Raro Hapo^a. B&b iiepioAH^ecRiA HSARHia cjioBa- 
ROB'B neiaxajHCB ecjH ne na ^ihctomi nemcROtfi, to bo BcaRoifB 
cjiyqa^ H Be Ha cxoBai^Rom abhr^. Hx'b bshri npexcraBjaji'B Ra- 
Ryx) TO HeBOo6pa8HMy]D cm^cb lemcRaro jBTepaTypnaro aauRa cb 
(|>op]iraMH, BHpaaseBiaMH h ciOBavH, bbbthmh hsi paBJH^HHX'B cjio- 
Bai^RBxi HapoAHux'B AUUieRTOBi. 8to CujL'h saproHi* BecBira noxo- 
sift Ha TOTi, ROTopufi ynoTpeCjiHDT'B H HOHHH* HOCJitAHie Morn- 
Rane rajBiuilcRofi t. h. €HocRBo4)Hj[BCRofi> napTiH. 

OROHqaTejBHHfi noBopoTi Ri ^HCTOMy napoAHOMy asiiRy otho- 
CHTCa B'B cjOBai^Rofl JHTepaTypi r-b 40-ipb vojijBLWh, Roua na c^eHy 
BHCTyHBJia TpoHi^a pe4K)pMaTopoB'B: JlD^eBBTi niTypi, locB^T* Typ- 
6aHi H Maxaaii ToAsa. 

IIoAAepsBBaeMiifl XByva cbobmh npiflTeiflMH, JlDAeBHTX niTyp'B 
BUCTynHj'B B% 8aH(HTy ^HCTaro Hapo^Haro cjiOBaiiRaro nssRa, qiiii 
B086yAHji'B npoTHBi ce6fl BCe CTapmee, 6ojite ROHcepBaTHBHoe noRo- 
di^Hie. Ob% HBAaji bi 1846 r. b-b Epeccfiyprt tfpomropy hoa'b 3a- 
FJiaBieMx «CjiOBaQRoe naptqie h Heo6xoABVocTB nncaTB na stomi 
Hap'fiqiB». Bi BTOM'B co^HHeniH OHi npHBeJTB Jijbjuli pBA'B xoRasa-' 
TeJBCTB^B Bi HOJBsy caMOCTOiiTeJiBHaro pasBHTifl ciOBaii^Raro BSURa. 
GaHUM'B naBHBU'B AOBOAOM-B 6hjeo, paayMieTca, to o6cToaTejiBCTBo, 
^TO CJIOBa^Rifl RpecTBBHHH'B HO^TH Hc HOBBMajii HemcBaro JTBTCpa- 
Typnaro flsuRa. Ulryp-B ccHjaJCB na pyccRHxi, cepfioBi, eojirap-B, 
ROTopue TOHHo TaR^e BosBejH na cTeneHB jHTepaTypnaro £3KEa 
CBOH HapoAHua Hapinia, saCpocHBi i^epROBHb-cjiaBaHCRift, Roxopuft 
HpesAe HrpajTB y bbxi coBepmeHHo TaayiD se pojcb, RaR'B nemcRifl 
y CJOBaaoBX. 



56 ' pyCCEOE BOrATOTBO. 

Pe^opiutTopcKie bstjeaxk niTypa BCTpiTBuncb n OHnosEAie^ h 
BK caMofi GjiOBaHqHH'6 h bi ^exia. IIo«ith Bci ^emc&ie sypHUH 
CTporo ocyasAajra cenapaTHcrcsiH TeHxeHiuH ESTypa h ero CTOpoH- 

HHBOBl, 06BVEfla WCh fh yBSOVl IipOB8ai^iaXH3ait H T. a. UpOTHBl 

niTypa arHTHpoBai*B h Eoxiapi, Roropiift cotiapaii co Bcibxi cto- 

pOHIt HHi^Hifl HeAOBOJEBHim pe^OpiCOft H OTCHJan BTS MH^Bia Vh 

«?emcBifl nyaeft^, 6uB0iifl bi to apeiia ^iwb Ta bi poA'b aaaAeaaa 
aaysi. «?emcsifi Mysefl* mjUBLTh Haftaia, npaciaflaaa eiqr Koiia- 
poMi, 0TAijiBHHic'& c6opHaBOWb5 OBarjaBjieBBiurB: <roj[0€a o ae- 
o6xoABifocTB eAaacTBa jiaTepaxypaaro aauaa xxa lexoBi, uopa* 
aaai a ciOBaaoBi^. Bc&xi <rojiocoB'B» 6tuo TpaM^^Tb Tpa. Mesj^y 
Haaa 6kuo a MB^aie ina4)apaBa. 8Ton nocii^jLaifi apasaaBajTB, hto 
Haieraa coxpaaarB jarepaTypaoe eAaacTBO Mfijvh aapoABOcxeft, 
nocTaBJieHaHX'B bi» paaiaqaiia ycJOBia a paaBaBaDo^Bxca caaocToa- 
TeJiBBO. IIIa<|^apBB'b aacaoxbao ho oxpa^axi saaqeaia nonyMpnoA 
jrarepaTypu aa cioaai^soMi aaiia^ oai corianiajica c% TtM.%^ rro 
Taaaa xarepaTypa sexaTexBaa XJia xoaaoiaaro o6axojm, ao oaa ae 
Xoxsaa OTpHBaTB cxosai^aie o6pa30Baaaiie axaccu oti hbxob'b. ma- 
4>apaRy ocotfeaao ae apaaaxocB, hto cxopoaaaBB niiypa BBoj^axa 
oco(!oe, oTxauDn^eeca ovh neiacsaro, apaBoaacaaie. 

HacBOXBKO aaaBxeaie IIIa(()apaKa 611x0 yictpeaBO, aacTOXBBO 
Tpe6oBaaia Koxxapa OTxviaxacB pissocTBH). Oai 6ux% toto aafi- 
mB, 970 cxtAyoTi ae pa3MaosaTB, a yaeaBBiaTB BoxaiecfBO cxa- 
Baacaax'B aaifsoB'B. Eoxxap-B aoxaraxi, ito cxoBaROBi Taai xaxo, 
TTo Axa aaxi ae croan ocaoauaaxB cnei^iaxBayio xaxepaTypy. Oarb 
apocTBo o6pyniaBaxca aa aaaBii ya9Tpe6xaea[uft mxypoitB a ero 
CTopoaaaaaica, aaaoBaa ero ayxoaacnrB, CBaaoaamecKBM'B, rpy6an 
a T. A. niiypa owh aadaaaxi npaMO aaHiaaflsoa'B a aparox'B. 
Boo6n^e «roxo<rB» Koxxapa aaaacaai crpacxao, sexnao a aoxoai 
HecootfpasaocTefi. 

OceBBK) 1846 r. Typdaai npacTyaaeTi b'b asAaaii) cya^ecTByxK 
a^aro a aoanai Hicaqaaaa tSlovendde Pohlady>. Bb BepBOifB xe 
aoMept aoaaaxacB pei^easia aa €roxoca», b% aoropoft oapoaepra- 
xacB BC% apryaeBTH Koxxapa. Saa^axy (|>axoxoca?ecftofi cTopoas 
pe(|)opMH npaaax'B aa ce6a fflxypii asAasi coqaaeaie cHaysa exo- 
Bai^Baro asuRai. ToAsa vh cbobitb c^otfpoirB exost cxoaaaairB* 
AoaasHBaxi, qxo ayxearB BOSBej^eaia cxoBaajsaro asusa aa cxeaeaB 
xaxepaxypaaro cxoBaaa ae xoxbko ae o6oco6xaiDxca, ao apio6pt- 
xaiDxi cpe^cxBO wh xaxepaxypaoay ofiateais) cb aoxaaaaa, pyccsava 
a axxapaaa, aoxoay ^to cxoaai^Kifl asub'b b% ropasAO 6oxBnieft 
M^pt, aesexa ^emcsifli xaexi kxdtb ki aoaaaaaiK) aponxii cxa- 
Baacaax'B xsusokb. To^sa AOBasuBaxi, hto ^emcaaa xaxepaxypa 
ea^e aacxoxBBO 6£xHa, ^to cxoBaaa aa^iero ae noxepaDxi, ecxa ae 
6yAyx'B ee saaxB bt* coaepaieacxB'b. 

IIocxi^AaaMi BHcxpixoMi co cxopoaa ctfa^xacTOBx^ (nK^b aasii- 
BaxaoB cxopoaaaBB ^emcBo-cxoBai^Bofi xaxepaxypaofl CHtca) 6iixa 



mh ABCTPIH. 57 

RBHSKa npo^^eccopa eBaHraiH^ecsaro jnufiz wh JUmBEvjb CTe^^ana 
JlajHepa- «Gjiobo m> cBoeny Hapoiy^. 8to coqaneHie ne coAepasaJO 
fiHBaRHxi A'&jn»HHx% apryMeHTOffb B'b nojBsy cozpaHeHiji Tofl nj" 
^oBHmHoft CM'6cH, ROTopyD yD0Tpe6jiflj[B «6h6jihcth»: oho 6mjio 
onjionib HanojceeHo rpy6oS 6paHBK>. IIpHBepseHii^eB'b niTypa MjEepb 
HasHBaeri npfliio cboio^id, rosopA: «mTypoBCKafl CBOJOib xovoti 
sau^HHTB aHratBCKifi abuki xpaiioBi Tiit'b roBopox^, na soTopoHi 
Bu ofipaj^aerecB si BaaiH]E% BopoBau'b, 6uRa]rB, cotfasaicb h 
CBHHBAM'b. JIh>ah, DHinyii^ie no cjiOBai^Rn, aceJiaD'rb soxpasaTB xeJiA- 
i&wh, H^ioTaMi H rpyAHuwb pe6aTa]c<B». «3Ta HecnacTHaa cBojioHb 
AOCToflHa TorOf no6fi vh en 6e86osHU6 h aeiHCTiie pTU nyeTHTb 
orfiii, KOTopufi 6u HJH a&erb 9Ty He^HCTory oTpaBjeHHofi aaomt.. 

HOpAU HJIH, TaB'B KaSl BTa APSHb B'b CMpaA^ E nSU CB0HX!b Tdr 

TpaHCRH£b Aiip^ HaqHHaeT'b THHTB, 0OMor'b 6u BTOMy H npeepaTHJi 
6hi ee Bi nenei'B>. 

O^HaKO, HH^To He noHorajro. Mojioxoe DOsojii^Bfie AepsaaocB 
BlTypa H cJiOBai^saro ASiuia. BBeAenie napoAHaro aBasaB'B^iQTepaTypy 
He saMejiJHJO BiiSBaTB o^eHB Basnaa nooi'bACTBijEi. HHTejuHreniiia' 
^se R6 T^CTBOBEja ce<$fl OTxiieHHOft rjiytioKofi nponacTBH) ovh Ha- 
poAa. HacTynaeTi c6jiHseHie uesiy HHTeJUHreHTHSHH npeACxaBH- 
TejiflMH cJOBai^saro Hapo^a h HapoAHsuH HaccaiCH. OoHOBHBaDTeA 

"paZAmEUK npOCB^THTeJIBHUa H BROHOMHHeCSiji 06lII(eCTBa» nOflBJUIDTCfl 

<!B6jioTeBQ H BOCKpecHHfl msojiii, nasoHei^i, caMUH'B BajBHiiMi 
peayjiBTaToiTB Ha^ioHaJlH8a^iH cjoBai^sofi HHTe^juHreHi^H 6iuo npHun- 
penie saTOjra^ecKaro h nporecTanTCKaro CJiOBaAsaro xyxoseHCTBa, 
pasA'bjieHHaro bi Te^enie H^csojiBRHXfB CTOJi^Tifl. 

Ha nonpHmi JiHTepaTypu BaH'^naerca 6oa[Bnioe oaoiBjeHie. IIo- 
aBjiaeTca iiacca HapoAHHX'b HB^aHift: sajieHAapeB, 6poiDK)pi upo- 
THBi nBBHeTBa, co^BHeHifl Doy^HTejiBHaro h 6ejijiieT{»GTH^ecKaro 
coAepsania. ^Ba Torj^amHia cJOBai^sia . nepioAH^eciua HSAania npi- 
o6pijH 6ojiBnioe iHeio noAnHCiBBOB'b. HaBOffei^'B, noaBHJca a'^^Actbh- 
TeJiBHO TajiQiHTiiHBiift caoBBi^Kifi Hax^ioHajBEHft no^Th — ^AHApefl CjiaA- 

SOBB^'fi. 

GjaxKOBHTB— -OAHH'B HBi ceMHawaTH cHHOBefi ti^AHaro cejBCBaro 
y^HTeja, poAHJca b^b 182P r. IIoeTynHB'B bi HMiBHoi^Kifi jHi^efl, 

CjiaAROBH^^B nOBHaBOMHJICa CB HAeaHH niTypa H CTaa'B peBHOCTSHMl 

HpHBepseEi^eMi caMocToaTeJibnaro pasBHTia cjOBai^Raro Hapo^a. B% 
1840 r. GjaAROBHH^B nocTyneji sa 6orocjioBCRifi ^aRyjEBxeTi b'b 
IIpecc6yprfe, a, cnycTa Tpa ro^a, noixaji bi Fajje. ByAy^H ciy- 
ACHTOM'B TaHOinflaro yEHBOpcHTeTa, GaaAROBH^'B sosaaROMBjica cb 
OAHOft cTopoHEi CB BCTeTBRofl TereJia, a cb Apyrofi — ci» noBsieft Ilym- 
RBHa. noAapeHHuft euy oahhmtb pyccRHifB BHaaoMUHi <OH']^rHHi» 
npoHSBBJi Ha GjaAROBH^a rpoMSAHoe BnewTj'bBie, h b'b nepBuxi 
ero cTBxoTBopeHiaxi BaM'^qaerca sjiaHie Bejasaro pyccnaro noBTa. 
Bs'B coBpeMeHHUx^B GjiaAROBHHy cjobbii.rhx'b noBTOB'B sac^ysH* 
BaDTi BHHMaflia GaHO XajEynaa a JIhbo KpajiB. EpoHib btoS TpoHi](ii 



58 pyCCKOE fiOrATGTBO. 

EopH^eeB'B cjOBauRofi DOdsiH Ha JHTepaTypHoe DonpHH^e vacrjaBjrh 
n^jiuS pflA'B nodTOR'B, o6oraTHBniift MojOAyio oioaai^RyK) JiHci>MeH- 

BOCTb rpOMaAHBlIli KOJH^eCTBOMl* nOdTHHeCEHX'B TBopeHifi BCffEarO 

poAa. IIoflBHjiHOb H aBTopii pascsaaoB'b e noB'bcTefi. Ilepaoe iiicTo 
Heasxy Heirg, 6e3% coMH^Hifl, saQHMaeT'B Ahko KojiEHHast, asTopi 
MHoro^HCJieHHHX'B 6eJ[J[eTpHCTHqecKHxi npoHSBeAeaift hsti cjioBauRoft 
»Q8HB. ^HKO EojHH^aR^ Cuji^b cuHOM'b saTypiaHcsaro npoTecTaHT- 
csaro CBfluieHHBRa, a iraTB ero npoHcxoxHia asi CTaparo abopah- 
csaro (BeMaHcsaro) po^a. EojrBHqaRi b'B A'bTCTB'6 uocimfi^Ji'b ceMBB 

CBOBXl pOACTBeHHHKOB'L CO CTOpOHH HaTepH H HadjIDAajTb OpUFH- 

eajbHue HpaBU h o6EiHaH npesHaro cJioBaKBaro ABopABCiBa. Oboh- 
HHBi ^Djioco(i>cKO-K)pHj(H9ecKifl H 6orocjoBCBi0 sypcB B% npecc6ypr%, 
KojiBH^aB^ OTopaBHiCfl wb yHHBepcHTerB b'b Faue, oco6eHHO bb- 

JR)6jieHHiaft Wb TO BpeMfl CJlOBaRaMB-npOTeCTaHTaHH. BoSBpaTHBUIHCB 

na po;^flHy, KoiHHnaR'B HaniEU'B nHcaib noBicTH, noApasaa hsb^ct- 
flOMy nojiLCROMy nBcareax) MBxaajiy HafiROBCROHy, Rasai^Rie pascRasH 
ROToparo aojbSOBajBCB cpexH cjiOBai^Rofl MOJOj^esB rpovaAHoft no- 
nydiApHOCTBD. SHaROMCTBo CB HOJiBCRofi noBsiefit HAeajnaapoBaBineft 
mjiJixeTCRie thbei nojiBCRaro o6n](ecTBa BpeMeH'B Fi^E IIocnoiHTofti 
no6yAHjio KojiBH^aRa saHHTBCH nsotfpajReflieu'B cjoaai^Baro XBopflH*^ 
CTBa, ROTopoe OH-B mj^hrb em,e vb a'^tctb^. Ero pascRaaii hs'b 
SB3HH npesHflro cioBauRaro ABopjiHCTBa CHHCRaiH OHy HaH6oj[Biiryx> 
cjiaby. 

OAHOBpeMeHHO (TB EojiflH^aROH'B BBcrynHj'B Ha jiHTepaTypHoe no- 
npHii^e Ioch4)i» MnjocjaBi ryp6aHi&, aBTopi ncTopHHecRBxi noBi- 
crefi, 88% ROTopHxi nepBoe h^cto saHHMaeT'B <OjiefiRapB», HCTopH- 
HecRift pascRasi b'b poMaHTBiecRoifB craji. BoRpyrB EojiHH^aRa h 
FyptiaHa rpynnapoBajiacB d^^jiea Ry^Ra 6oJsie mm ueuie TajiaHMH- 
B»x% noB'I^CTenHcaTejiefi b pascRadiHROB'B. HapoxHufl ^bhrii oroh- 
HRTaiBHo BocTopxecTBOBaji Bi cJiOBauRofl jHTepaTypi, opeapa- 
THjcfl pasAopi MesAy cjOBaRaMH pa8jrnqHHXi» B-ipoHcnoBiAaBifi, h 
cjOBBE^RaA Hai^ioHajiBHafl bcbshb noTeRia HopMaAHUM'B pycioHi. 

OABaRo, nojHTHHecRifl coChLTia ROHi^a 40-x'b foaofb npepsajifl 
RyjiBTypayK) A'&flTejBHOCTB cjioBaii^Raro Bapo^a, a nocjii^ACTBia Ben* 
repcRofl peBOJiiDi^iH h cjioBai^Roft ROHTp'B^peBOJKioi^iH saiiejUHJia npa- 
BBjBHoe pasBBTie h cJOBai^ROfi jDTepaTfpii, h napoAHaro oCpasoBa- 
Hifl, B nojBTH^ecRaro caMOcosHaHifl MaccB. 

no H%pb Toro RBR'B BospacTajiH upRTfldanifl uaABAp'B, cpeAH 
Apyraxi) eapoAHOCTefi Benrpia: xopsaTOBi, cep6oBi, pyHnn'B n cjo- 
BaKOBi CTajH Bce qanie h name pasAaBaTLca roaoca npoiecryi)-* 

mBX'B. 7 CJOBaROB'B nOABBJiaCB MaCCa 6pOUI1Dp'B, AORaSEJBaBniHX'B 

BCK) HeocHOBaTejBHOCTB BeHrepcRHX'B opeTeHBifi H npaBo ApyrBxi» 
HapoAHOCTed na TaRoe se caMocTOflTejiBHoe pasBBTie. OAHaRO hb 
9TH 6poinDpEi, HH ofipan^eHie cj[0BaR0B*B sa uoho^bk) h noAAepsREoft 
R^ i^eHxpaJiBHOHy npaBBTeABCTBy ee npBHecjiE uwb p'bmiiTejBHo hh- 
saaofl nojiBSH. MnnepaTop^ npHHflji^ oqesB mhaocthbo cioBan^ByiD ao- 



H31 ABCTFIH. 59 

BfTaoii), HO 8Ta ay;(ieHi],ifl Jie npHBeia hh bi Jt&Knwh pesyjiLTaTaMi. 

ArHTai^iH CO CTOPOBU MaABJipCBHX'B HaU.iOHaJIHCTOB'B BCe yCHJIHBa- 

jacb. 

Bi CBoeM-B opraHt «Sloveiiskie narodne No^iny* fflrypt BHCTy- 
HHJi wb KanecTB^ ytfisieHBaro ACMOEpaTa, BH^jiii^aro vh ;(BopflH- 
CTB^ npBHBey B&brb 6'bACTBifi cJioBai^Karo Hapo^a. Oh'b 6iiJi'b. 
H36paH'B AenyTBTOM's Vb npecc6yprcsift micTBufi cefiifB h dHeprn- 

HeCKH OTCTaHBBJI'B Tail^B BRTepeCU BapOKHUX'b MaCCB^ Tpe6yfl OCBO* 

tfosAenifl cpecTBBHi, BBe^eHifl bo bc^ msojiBi HapoAHaro asusa^ 
orpaHHHeHifl npaBi ABopBHCsaro cocjiOBia n t. js,. 

Kor^a 1848 roA'B npHBeci h BenrpiH nijiuti Tpsji^ jH6epaJi>- 
EHX-B pe^^opH'b, no^TH Bci HeMa^bapcEiA napoAHocTH BeBrpin boc- 
npanyjiH AyzoMi. PyMUHu b cep6y CTajiB OTspciTO BUCTynaTb spo- 
TBBi npeotijiaAaBifl HaAbap'b. 9to ABflseme oxbbtbjio h cJioBaKOBii. 
no JBi^y Bcefi GjoBaH^flflu co3iiBaK)Tca HapoAHue MBTBHra, na boto- 
piixi> TUca^H cjOBaBOBi yTBepsABDT'b pesojiDuiK), Tpe6yK)myK> pa- 
AOiTb cb o6ui;eBeHrepCBBM'b cefiMOMi> cefiMOBi o6jiacTBux'b; B'b bthx'b 
cefinaxi BasA&A napoAHOCTb ptmajia 6u bcI BacaK)ii;iBGa ea ^iiSL. 
Ji^BjAe peaojDi^ia Tpe6oBajta BBeAenifl Hai;ioBaiBHaro aanEa B'b 
niBOJiy — HBsniyK), cpeiQios) h Bucniyi); nai^ioHajibHBX'b sBaueax pa- 
f,ou% cb o6n^eBeHrepcBBHB; cjobbi^ebxi HanaJibBHROB'b h cjoBauEoS 
BOuaHAH AJfl BepxHeBeBrepcKofl Bai;ioBajibBOfi rBapAiB; Bstfapaxeib* 
Haro npaaa AJfl bcAxi coBepmeHHOJ^THBX'b rpasAaHi; noiHofi cbo- 
60A11 ne^aTB; cbo6oau cxoaob'b h o6ii;ecTB'b; BOdBpaB^esia BapoAy 

OTHflTOB BeMJH B T. A- 

KoFAa BCUHXHyja BeerepcEaa peBOj[K)iiiai cjOBaBH, noAo6Ho xop- 

BaTaMl., BOABaJEB BSaHB BOBTp'b-peBOJK)]^iH H CTBlfl flOAAepSBBBTb 

aacTpiftcBoe npaBBTejibCTBO bi ero 6opb6^ ci MaAbapaMH. Bo rjiaa^ 
cJOBai^BBxrb Ao6poBOjibueB'b CTajLH nixypi, FoAsa n FypCaB'b. Bee 
uoJOAOe BOBOj'bBie cjioBausofl BflTeJUfl^eH^iH BOCJi^AOBajo sa hhmb. 
flopuajibHOH'b xoA^ iBTepaTypu se^ero 6hjio b roBopBTb. Cio- 
aaiiBie sypHajiii npeapaiuajiH cBoe cyn^ecTBOBaaie OAflH^b sa Apy- 
VEWb. MtcTO asypHajOBi h BHnseBi sanajiB apoBJiaBai^iB, araxa- 
lUOBHHe 6pomiopu a jibctbbi BaaoHei^'b BaTpioTBHecEia ctbxotbo- 
peaia, noaBjiaioniiaca B'b 6ojibmoir*b aojiBHecTB']^. 

BiiicT^ (Tb T^Mi BOSBBEaeT'b fl ]iiaAbapo4)flJibCBaa CAoeai^Baa 
opecca, cjiysaB^aa n^i^jiaM'b Komyxa b BearepcBOft peBOjiK)i](ioHHoft 
DapTia, BOTopaa Bpafiae jiBi^eM'bpHo OTHocBJiacb bo bc^ui* Tpefiosa* 
Hiam HeMaAbapcBBX'b aaii^ioHajibHOCTefi. IIoAAopsBBaeHaa, co6cTBeBHO 
roBopa, A&se ocnofiaBBaa arofi napTicfi, MaAbapo4>BjibCEaa ii])ecca h 
BSAaBaeMue CTopoHHBBauB KoiijyTa jiexyHie jbctbh nocroaeHo yatpajiH 

CJOBBBOBl Bl TOlfb, HTO BCBrpH BBCEOJIbEO Be AyMaK)TX OTHBMaTb y 
BBXli HTb flSUB'b, HO A^fiCTBJa BOBiyTBCTOB'b BOCTOaHBO pa(;XOAH« 

aflcb Cb Hx'b cJiOBaiTB. JlK)6onuTHO, HTO Ha cTopoHy MaAbflpx nepe- 

HIJIB OCTaTBH BpeSHBX'B <6B6j[BCT0B'b». B'b BXl BOSSBaHiaX'b u 6pG-^ 

iDDpaxi KomyT-b peBOMeBAyeTca bi sa^ecTai eAHBCTBeBBaro APyra 



60 PyCCKOS BOrATGIBO. 

€JIOBa]U>B%. cEn6jHCTH» OTBpOBeHffO C&IOHADTGH Vb fOUJ UBiBlM)^ 

vto BeHrepcBifi aftiiKi j^oJuseffB cTaTb rocDOxcTBjDii^HMS bwzom% 
BO Bcefi BeHrpie. 

noHTH Bci np«AeT«aHTMg Haj](iiOHajbH«ro HaapaBjieHiii bi cjio- 
Bai^Koft jHTepaTypi^ o^yruHOb vb pflAazii B08CTaBinHX'&* Ohh npo- 
M^HfljiH peMecjEO jiHTepaxopaB'B aa x'i^TeJiBHOCTii bobhob^, aniTa- 

TOpOBl, SOHCQHpaTOpOB'B, OpraHHSaTOpOB'b HOBCTaHCBHX'B OTpflAOBl 

H T. A' Bo»AH cJOBaAnaro ABBseHia DlTypi*, FypfiaHi d Foxsa 
aoABepra4flCB ho Maiofi oaacBOCTH^^TaE's &aBi KomyT'B HAHBij^e* 
CTOHi 17 OKTfltfpa 1848 r. BuqepsHyjii bxi bbi cbhcbb BOflrep- 
CBBX'B rpasABH^ a o6ubbj[i sa sbOHMKy KasAaro aarpaxy bi> 50 
BOjoTUX'b. Mdorie bsi* cJiOBan^BBX'b aacaTeieft e^aa aadixaja bbc^ 
jiB^u, TaBik Eas'b Bearepi^u npaM^HajiH vh pyBOBOABTaiaifB caosaii- 
Karo ABQSeaifl Teppopacra^ieoBia uipu. Tojero wb mxb 1849 r. 
BearepcKaa peBoiDi^ioHHaa pecay6jflBaBCB&a aopaopa^ia npoBoarjiar 
€Bjia paBBoapaBBocTb Bckrb aapoAHOCTeA Bearpia, ho 6hjo yse 
noBABo. ^peai abI aeA'&AB noOAt BToro Feprefi BaDBTyjapoBaA'B 
npa fiBjaromtt a Besrepcaaa poBOADii^ia tfiua apeBpaa^Baa. apa 
noMon^a pyccsaxi boScbi. 

KorAB nocjt ycuapeaia bbhtpob^b^ aBCTpiftesoe apaBBTeibCTBO 
floaceABjia ocy^ecTBaxB o6HapoAOBaBaEift yse 4 MapTa 1849 r. aa- 
BOHi paBBoapaBBOGTB aapoABOCTetf BoaaBBi BoapocB o6ib o^4^b- 
i](iajii>B0M'& asust vb GiOBaqHaai. £*& BToay BpeHeaa epeAHOCAO* 
Bauaift Aia^vesTiy apaaaTHfl mxypoMi a ero OTopoaaBKaua, rocaoA- 
CTBOBBJi'b B'B ABTepaxyp^. Bo Bpeaa Bearepcaofi peBOADn^ia cbmo 
BBcrpiflcBoe npaaaTeABcxBO asAaBaxo aa dTOX'B asaai Maaacj^eeTH a 
flpoKjaaaiJ^ia B'B CAOBaqaoMy aapoAy* JlBTepaTypaaft hbubi yse 

6llJib BUpatfOTBHl, B6 XBBTBAO TOABBO yOTaHOBBBBiarOCaY OBpOA^- 

aeaaaro npaBoaBcaaia. 9Tfla% BocaoABSOBaAca Koaabp'Bi noAyaaa- 
mii B'B Bta^ BaeeApy CAaBaacBOfi apxeojioria. KorAa Maaactp'B 
BayTpeBHBX'B a'^'b — Bax'B — ofipaTBAca bi aeay, bbbi ei cAoaaKy, 
CB sanpocoiTB OTHOCBTeABHto TOFo, BBBoft HaiiB'B AO'sea'B 6mb 
opBffArB B'B GAOBaqiBBdb B'B BB^iecTBi o4>$aiuaABHaro, EoAiap^B co- 
craBBJ'B npocTpaaayiD AORABAayK) sanacay, b:b KOTopoft AOBadHBaii, 
iTO OTBocBTeJBHo cAOBBCBaro AlsLTepBTypaaro asuaa a cpeAa oa- 
MHX'B CAOBBBOB'B B^TB ycTaaoBBBoiaroca uainia^ a noBToay fiyAeT'B 
Ay<iine Bcero, ecAB apaBBTeABCTBO cxaaeTi yB0Tpe6AaTB B'B caome* 
Hia 00 cJOBaBaMB toitb assBi, aoTopafl rocaoACTBoaaA'B y aoeiiA- 
HBxi Ao dToro CTOAiTia — T. e. qemcBifi. OnapaacB aa caABayi) 
^lemcayK) CnpoBpaTiH) B'B B&aii, KoAAap'B ya'bpaA'B Baxa, hto ero 
MHtnie ecTb MH^aie GoABDiHHCTBa CAOBBBOB'B, a TaBBMi o6pa3oa[i 
^emcKifi asuB'B crai'B 0({>({>Bi^iajiBBi]M'B bseibom'b CAOBaq<iBBa. 

GTopoHHflBB niTypa a caaocToaTeABHOCTa cAosaiiBaro asBraa 
<SuAa Kpaflfle oropneBQ TaaaifB aeosBAaaaiiM'B ycnixoiTB apoTBB- 
HBROB'B. Xyse Bcero 6aA0 to, ^to btot'b o<|)4)amajBHufl qemcBit 
asEiRi BCBopi npeBpaTBAca B'B cAoaai^BO-^eBicByD CM'bcB, yaoxpet- 



n8% ABGTPIE. . 61 

jfleMfD €6H6jiHCTavH», soTopiie chobe moj^Eium rojioBy. OnuopTy- 
HHCTCBafl HacTb mTypOBCRaro jiarepji Majio-no-MaJiy npHnapHJiacb ci 
TaRofi BOBofi p€(t)opvoS. FjaBHuifi otfpasoiTB Ap^oBeflCTBo, H npo- 
Tecra^TCBoe h RaTOJiH^ecBoe, craxo iiouepsHBaTB jrHTepaxypy Ba 
o^^Hi^iajiBHOM'B ;)8UB%9 nojiy?HBDieM% HasBaHie «CTapocHOBeH9BHiii>. 
IIpBBepseHiiH <CTapocj[OBeH^BHii», rpynnflpoBaBmieea npeHi[yni;e- 
CTBCHHO OKOJo o4)<|>Hi^iaJiBHaro asypHajia «Slo7enske QOiriny», pasBH- 
BBA AOBOiBBo BHeprfl^ecsyH) iBTepaTypnyiD xiBTeJiBBocTb, ho y»e 
oqeHb cBopo oBasaxoei), hto noBopoTi vh «cTapoGJi<(BeH^HH'b» — ^bb- 
jeBie coBepmeHHo HeHopMairbHoe, BCByccTBeHHoe. 

GjoBaQide specTbaHe noBceiitcTHo saxoBajtiieB na to, ^to orb 
He HOHBMaHyr'b 9aR0H0B*B, Hane^aTaHHHXi aa 0((>^HitiajibHoirB asbt- 

Ki\ Wh CJIOBaURBXl BapOAHBXl HIROJiaXB COBepmeHHO BO rOABJIHCb 

^emcuie y^etfHBRH; t£ m% cJOBaiiBHX'b HsxaHifl, KOTopBra aau^HHiH 
HapoAHufi JI3IIBI ^emcRHicb, cpasy TepBJH Cosuuifio hbctb cbohx'b 

nOABBC^HROfil. B006n;e BauiTHO 61110, HTO CJIOBaRH B'b 60J[bmHHCT- 

Bt cjyqaeB'b 6eijih HeAOBojibHH pe4>op]iofl vb Ayxi BsrjiflAOB'b Eoji- 
japa. ]IlTypoBn;n cHOBa ctbjih 3aH^BH!;aTb caHOCTOHTeibBOcrb cjo- 
BauRaro bshrb. Ohh pimajiH BHpa6oTaTb, ^aKOHen^'B, oabo opaBonH- 
oanie, ROTopoe coe^HnHjio 6u Bc£x<b uBmyi^HKSi no eJiOBai^EB. Eja- 
lOAapa pe(|>opMi npaBonBcaHia h A^BTejbHofl arBTaiUH niTypoBi^eB'b, 
tfojibniHHCTBO cJKOBauRHX'b HHcaTeiefi H ffSAaaifi Bepayjiocb ri ROHi^y 
50-x'b ro^noB'b N> po^HOMy cjtoBai^ROuy asHRy, oROHWTejibHO no- 
pBBBi cBfl3b CB BCRyccTBeuHoS <cTapocjioBeHqEHofl» H qysHifb Hem- 
CRBM*b jiHTepaTypHUM'b flSHROH'b. Bonpocb jBTepaTypHaM'b bshr^ 
cxoBBROBi 6Erji'b pimeHi oROH^aTejibHO b tfesnoBopoTBO, cJEOBaiKRaa 
jiHTepaTypa, sa BCRjm^eBieH'b HdbcROJbRBX*b o<i)4)Hi^iajbH£ixi BSAaBift 

n COHBHeBifi CTapiIX-B €6b6jIHCT0B%>, D}XBBBja (TB 4»OpHajibHoft CTopo- 

HH HBCTO*Bai^ioBajibflHfi xapaRTepi. Bca ejiOBai^Raa HHTejjiHreHuiE 
npHnijra B'b TOMy y6'6sAeBiK)> hto cpeACTBOM<b ajib itpocB^B](eHifl cjio- 
Bai^Raro napo^a Moserb 6uTh tojibro to'tb asuR'b, aa ROTopom 

BTOT'b HapOA'b rOBOpBTl H ROTOpilfi J^JTB HOFO ABJIIieTCA eABHCTBCH- 
HHM'b AOCTyOHUM'b BBHROH'b. C'b Apyrofl CTOpOHKI, BHTejJiBreHTHUe 
CJIOBaRH nOHBJIB, HTO 6BJrO 6u BBJIBmBefl pOCROmbK) paSBBBBTb AB'& 

jBTepatypH — o^ny ajih napo^a, a xpyryK) am BBiejiJiHreHTHaro 
xjiacca; <ito ecJiH 6u BHTeuBreHAifl noJibSOBajiacb Apyrnifb, xoth 

6U B 6lB3RBM'b B'b HapO^HOMy BBBIROM'b, TO BTO OTA'&JUMO 6U 60 

rjiy6oROfi nponacTbi) oti Hapo^a. 

Cjiobbrb, cTasmie sa CTopony aBcrpificRaro upaaHTejibCTBa bo 
BpeMB BeHrepcRofi peBOjnDiiiH, Ha^'i^aJBCb, hto AacTpia hmi homo- 
aseT'b H ofiesneHBT'b bxi caMOCToaTeibHoe nojHTBHecRoe passHTie. 
BocTopseHHo BCTp^qaa hojioaopo HMnepaxopa $paBi^a-IocH4>a, cjo- 
BaRH BupasajH HaAesAyt ^to bc^ cjiOBa^xie xombtbtu c^aepHofi 
BenrpiH CyAyt'b aii^^'^jieHii a^ cavocToaTejibHyD npoBHHi^iD c% uih- 
poRBM'b caMoynpaajieHieM'b. PecRpanTi* 8*ro ceHTatfpa 1850 roAa, 
saaajiocb, aojuschi 6um* 6a yAoajieTBopoTb BciM'b Tpe6oBaBiBM'b ae 



62 P7CGK0E BOrATCTBO. 

TOJIbRO CIOBaEOB'B, EG H BCirb OCTaJIBHHX'b HEpOXHOCTeft BeHPpiH. 

Oh'b o6lMnjBurb cbo6oa7> soHCTBTyi^iiD, paBiioiipaBHOCTB BcixBnjeMeH'&f 
HeHapyinH&roe apaso coxpaHflTB h paaBOBaxb cBefi flaHicB, opjiMae 
Bu6opa Bi cefiMi, cbo6oa7 cioBa, ne^aTB h jihhhocth h t. a- Bh- 
AijHBi BoeBO^HHy M^iA cep6oBX, btoti pecKpHorB pasx^njn Bee- 
rpiK) Ha oapyra no HapoAHOcraifB. 

Hajtesj^ii cJOBaaoB'B otrbse^ ho He Ha^ojiro. Bee eme npoxoji-, 
saBineecji ocaxHoe nojioseHie csBSEiBajio pyRH bc^mi napxiAiTB. Ma- 
ABflpcsafl arHTai^ia, no^i^epsHBaeMaji h peHeraTaMH— cJiosai^KHMH abo- 
pAHaMH, He A&Bajia cJiOBaRatfOb nosofl. HaBOHei^i, caMo aBCxpificKoe 
npaBHTeJibCTBO ptmejo bsatb o6paTHO npespacHo SBynau^ee o6tnta- 
fiie H AepsaTbCA coBepmeHHO hhoS oojihthsh. HacryaHJO rocnoxcT- 
60 a6cojiK)TB3Ma V repMaHHsai^ioHHOfi cHCTeuii, hobuA sasoHi o ne- 
^aTH npHAymHJi'b cJOBaiiRfi) npeccy. FjaBHsfi opraB'B niTypoBi^eBi 
«SloYenskie Pohladj* He Mori buxoahtb, tslks Ejanvh ne nanuocb 
HBRoro, BTo 6£i jifiiAii ycxaHOBJeHHuft saior'B. MoiOAoe HOBOj^me 
CJiOBai^Bofi HHTejUHreHi^iH npHHysAeHO 6euo nojyqaTb o6pa30BaHie 
fia HtMeuBOifB Hsuai. GiOBauaoe iBTepaTypHoe ABHsenie saiiepjo 
Ha HisoTopoe Bpenn. Oahh'b Fyp6aH^, BoscTaHOBHBmifl b'b 50-xi» ro- 
Aax% cSlovenskie Pohlady», crapaJiCH noAAepsHBaTB cb homo^bio 
He6ojBniofl rpynnu nncaTeJiefi npexHia Tpa^Hi^iH cJiOBauaoft isTe- 
paTypu. Majio no Haiy ynojiBHyBmie h npeapaTHBinie Ha BpeMA 

CBOK) A'^RTOJEbHOCTB CJEOBai^Bie HHCaxejIH CHOBa Ha^HHaiOTl HBCaTB 

fl HBABBaTB KHHSBH. Ho yxe He saM^qaeTCA npesHaro BOOAymea- 
jteniH. IIojEHTHqecRaH HejAaqa oxpasHJiacB na nacTpoeHiH ciosai^Bod 
HHTeuareHi^iH. M'&cro npesnefi B-bpu bi co6cTBeHHUA chju sanH- 
ManiTB HaAesAu na noMOHU» hsbh^... 

ilepBuifB rjiafliaTaeM'B xaaoro naHCJaBHSMa HBHJica bi SO-xi 
roAaxi niTypi. B'B 1853 r. ohi Hanncaj'B no H^MeuKH naAtiaa- 
mee iraoro myMa h HaAannoe Bnocji'^ACTBiH h no pyccsn coqHHenie 
«Cj[aBflHCTBO H Mip'B 6yA7n^aro>, rA'b oh'b pasBHBaji'B cboh BsrjiHAH 
Ha aaAaqy ota^jibhhx'b oiaBBHCBHX'B njieMeH'B h Bcero ciasHHCTBa 
BaB'B u^jraro. MesAy BsrjiHAaMH niTypa h ero npeAmecTBennHBa 
Kojijapa 6oiBinaH pasanaa. Kouap'B npHSHaex'B xojtbbo nexupe jh- 
xepaxypu; oh'b seaaexi, qxo6£i aci oiaBHHe HsyqajH qexiipe riaB- 
Huxi ciaBBHCBHX'B HSSBa, qxo6H ciaBHHcaie nncaxejiQ uoctuaJH 
CBOH co^HHenia bo bcI ciaBflHCBia seiUH, qxo6H sasAuft cjiaBflHHH*B 

no B03M0SH0CTH nVXemeCTBOBajE'B no CJiaBAHCKHlfB SeMJIHM'B H X. A* 

nixyp^, HanpoxHB'B, seAaexx, hto6h BCJiBaA, Aase caMaa HeaaaH 
cjiaBHEcaaa nupoAHOcxB pasBHsaja gbod HHAHBHAyaiBHOcxB h CBoe 
napiqie. Tojibro xaaBMi nyxeM'B, nojiarajii» oh'b, mosho aocxht- 
nyxB 6yA7ni,aro o6ni;ecjiaBflHC£aro eAOHcxBa h Ky^hmypHato cnjio- 
qenia Bcixi cjaBancRBxi napoAHOcxefl. ByAyn^ee eAHHoe cjaBancx- 
BO npBEBJo 6bi pyccRiA hsur'b b'b RaqecxB'b o6nie-jiHxepaxypHaro. 
TojBRo TorAa, RorAa cjaBflHCXBO npeACxaajfljio 6u coCofi H'&qTO 
i^'i^jioe, OHO MorjEO 611 nrpaxb bx cyAb6ax'B EBpona xaayK) se poxB, 



H87» ABGTPIH. ' 63 

BSKi poMaucKifl H repMaHCsift Mip'B. fj^sa ro^a cnycTA nixfP'B no- 
Hepi, H ero bach o 6yjiyii(eMi coeARHeHin cjaBaH'b He nojyHHJiii 
Ha nepBux'L nopax'B 6oj[Bmoro pacapocTpaHemHy Tiwb 6oJiie, ^to 

HOBHfl nOBOpOTb Bl HpaBHXeJIBCTBeHHIIX'B C^epaXl OHB^Tb HOSBOJIHJ'B 

CJKOBaKaH'B xyMaxb, ^to ohh Hero HH6yAB W Ao^bidtca. 

HunepaTopcKifi aQQ'SOM'b 20 0KTA6pfl 1860 r. npHSBajti napoAu 
R'B yqacTiH) b'b A'^iax'B ynpaBjemji. Ha ocHOBaHin SToro AHnjoira 
BenrepcKiS abus'B npHSHaBajcH o4>4>HAiuBHiiU'B bo Bceft Benrpia, 
HO npana ntCTHHX'B asheob'b Bce-xaKH 6eijii jsfi Hi^soTopoS cxeaenH 
o6e3ne?eHu: b'b maojit, bb cyj^onpoHBBOACTBt, bi hhsoibx'b aAMH- 
HHCTpaTaBHiix'B yqpesA^Hiflx'B. BmIct'6 cb t^h'b abhjiomb o6e3ae- 
HHBaji'B CBo6oAy CJiOBa H y6is;(eHifl, npaBO noAasaTB aexHuiH npa- 
BHTeiBCTBy H ocHOBUBaTB o(!mecTBa. 

XoTH Benrpui npespacHO opraHHSOBamiue h Hay^iBBUiiecfl yse 
HsaseKaTB ji^jm ce6d nojiBsy hsi BcaJcux'B KOHi^eccifi opaBHTejn>CTBaf 
apeAHasHanaeMiix'B ajia Apyrm Hapo^HOCTefi, h j^mh hohatb cjio- 

BasaMBy ?T0 HM^B HHSaK'B HeJBBJI OSHAaXb 60JB[BinHX'B yCH'bxOB'B, 

o^HaKo, cAOBaBH Bce se nuTajacB BocnojiBSOBaTBCA cbobmh hobhmh 
npasaMH. B'B CTOiHU'b BeHrpio BOSHHRaeT^ oiosauKaH rasexa 
«Pestbudinske Yedomosti^^ soTopafl npBHHMaeTB na ce6si pyao- 
BOAflH^iD pojb B'B nojHTHqecKoft SH3HH cJOBai^saro Hapo^a. no no- 
HHHy dToft raseTu B'B Typ'iaHc&OMB MapTHHl CB'^Bsaerca B'B WEfb 
1861 r. AO TpexrB TUcairB cb'Itckhx'b h AyxoBHux^ npcACTaBHTejiefi 
cJOBai^sHX'B BOJiocxefl, ropOAOB'B H oapyroB^. 

3tot'b CB'bsA'B Bupa6oTaj['B otfuiapHufl MeMopaH^yM'B, xoTopuA 

AOJSeH'B fiuJfB CTaTB HCXOAHOft TO^ROfi A^JOft GJIOBaQROft nOJHTHKH. 

Ha c'B'bsA'B iTBHjiHCB H npBACTaBHTejBLB ciOBaAKaro ABopancTBa, ko- 
Topoe no 6oj[bmefl ^acTH tafot'j^o R'B BenrpairB, ho Ha btot'b pas'B ' 
BHcrynajKO B'B sa^ecTBi Hai^ionajiBHo-cJiOBaaKaro. npHcyTCTBOBajiB na 
CB'&sA'b H xpn Aenyxaxa BenrepcRaro cefiMa, cjOBai^aie ABopane, ro- 
Topue o6'ln](aj[HCB npeACxaBHXB MeHopaH^yM'B cefiaiy. 

MeHopaHAyM'B ccfiuaexca na ncxopHqecRia npaaa cjcoBaaoB'B, ro- 
xopue-A6 en^e ao noRBjeHia BenrpoB'B bjra'I^JB noARapnaxcRoft xep- 
pHxopieft, B xpe6yerB| hxoCh bc^ npaBa CJOBai^Raro napoAa 6uAn 
npHSHaHU H ofiesneieHu na Bt«iHUfl apeMena b'b npeA^Jiax'B, chjiouib 
csoBai^Rofl HapoAHocxBH) HacejeHHux'B. GjcoaaaRifi asuR'B AOiUReH'B 
6uxB npHSHaHi 0({)({>HiUaj[BH£iH'B B'B aAMHHHCxpai^iH, cyAonpoBSBOA- 
cxB^ H niROj['& A'&iofi cjoBai^Roii xeppaxopia, a BenrepcRifi coxpa- 
Haex'B npaBa xojibro b'b cHomeHiaxB cb ueHxpaABHUMH BjiacxaiiB h 
B'B neuixcROM'B cefiM^i vji/bj BupoieH'B, AooycRaexca ne xojbro neu- 
repcRifi, HO H BCRRlft Apyroft flSUR'B RasAoft HB'B HapoAHocxei^ na- 
cej[flK)n^nx'B Benrpis). MeMopaHAyMB xpe(!yexB y^ipesAeuia bb oahom^ 

H3'B CIOBaiJ^RBX'B FOpOAOB'B CJOBai^KOft H)pHAHqeCRO& RRaAOMiH, a B'B 

nenixcROM^ ynHsepcHxext aaeeApu cJOBauaaro flsuRu h jnxepaxypu. 
KpoMt xoro, ecJiHtfii cjosaRH, odaxaion^ie ant dXHorpaijiHHecRoft cjio- 
BaiJ^RoA xeppnxopiB, nosejaJH ocHoaaxB aaaoe nnfiyAB hhcxo-cao- 



1 



64 pyCCEOB BOrAXCtBO. . 

BaiiKoe tipocetTHTeibHoe o6ii(ecTBo, to BiacTH He aojsbq bm% b% 
aTOMx H^fliaTb. 

Eabe ycnijH cJioBaAKie npeACTaBBxaiH, BpBHHMaBmie yqacTie hi, 
cbisfl,^, BepEyTbCA xoMoft, saK'B no scefi GjOBa^^BHi na^ajac^ 
arHTai^ifl npoTBB^ neMopaHxyMa, B086ysAeHHa< BeHrepcKBHi opa- 

BHTeJBCTBOMl, BeHFepCKflMH Hai^iOHaJraCTaHH H OMaABflpBBinBMBCil 
CJOBaSiRHMB XBOpAHaMB. IIOABHJIflCB MHoroucjesHHe npoTecTH 6yXT0 
6u on 'cjBLOBaKOB'b. AeayTaTU, KOTopae bbujebcib 6ujio npeAcxaBHTB 
ueifopaH^^yM'B BeHrepcKOMy cefiiiy, He ABHjHCb Kb ceflifb, npHTBopHB- 
niBCb 6oJbHbLiCH. Bnpo^eM^ b caiiufi BenrepcBiS cefiii^b 6wl% BCKopi. 
pacnyniteH'b. 

Tor;ca cjOBaKH, He HaAtacb (ojibine Ha HcaojHOHie CBOHn xpe- 
6oBaHitt BenrpaHH, o6paTflJLflCb k% AeHTpajbHoiiy npaBHTejibCTBy 
vh BtHy. Oj^HH noAajiH neTBi^iK), B*b BOTopofl hobtophjh sejadB^ 

BEipaSeHHUfl B<b MeMOpaHXyifi. H A^ftCTBHTeibBO, BCKOpi CJEOaaBH 

noHyscTBOBaiB H'&BOTopoe o6j6rHeHie. Bi BepxHeBenrepcBBX'b raM- 
HasiBrb cJioBai^ROMy fls&Ky 6hjo oiBeACHO Hisoxopoe ntcto, B'b 
axMBHBcxpaTBBHux'b H cyxe6HHX'b yHpesAeHUx'b cjioBai^Kifl Asui^'b 
xoae cxajLi npHHEMaxbCfl bo BHOMaHie. HaKOHei^'b, (uoBaaaicb (!uja 
AaHO npaBo ocHOBHBaxb qacxHUH cpe^Hiji y^e^HuH saBeAeHia, B!b 
Koxopux'b npenoxaBaHle aejocb 6h Ha ciosai^Boii'b asusi. 

Ho raaBHuiffb peayjibxaxou'b 6£iio yxBepsAeflie ycxasa jBxepa- 
xypnaro ofio^ecxBa <GioBai;Kaa MaxHAa>, soxopoe aojblsho <$hjo 
cxaxb ByAxypHHifb ueHxpOMi ciOBam&aro ABBseHia. 8xo ofin^ecxBO 
6ujio oxapiixo Bi 1862 r., a ero KanHxajfb yse B'b xe^eaie nep- 
Baro roAa cyiqecxBOBaHia cGjoaai^Bott MaxHo^u* AomeJii ao 100,000 
ryjibAeHOB'b* MaxHi^a 6ujia wh oaho h xo se BpeMa jiBxepaxy phhh%» 
'yMeHUM'b H BBAaxeJbCBHMrb o6H(ecxBOMi, oaa coAepsaja 6ucxpo 
o6oran^aBmificH apxeoJora^ecBifi, ncxopBHecKifi n 8XHorpa<|)B^ecBift 
Hysefl H 6B6jEioxeBy. «MaxHaa» HBAaBajia co^nHema BUA&K)n(Exca 
cxoBai^KBX'b HHcaxejiefi, 9Xflorpa<i>HqecEie MaxepiajiH, Hay^Hua h hot 
iiyjtHpHHA KHBSKB fl X. A* Ea BjiflHie fla pasBHxie cj[0Ban.K0i jb- 
xepaxypu h Bcero yncxBeHHaro ABHseHia cJioBaaoB'b rpOMaAHO, xoxa 
Ba nepBuxi nopax'b, KorAa ona xojbKo naHBHaia pasBBBaxbca, ea 
AtaxejibHOcxb 6fiiJia ropasAo osBBJieHBie, BeaaeJiH BBOCJitACXBiH, Gi 
xe^eeieMi BpeMeHB OAynieBjeBie ea ueaoBi a rjiasHUxi pa6oTflH- 
KOB'b yaerjiocb, BHepria ascaua, n B'b Ha^aai 70-x'b toaobi <Gjo- 
BaKBaa MaxBi^a» cABa Aumaja. 

ABCxpifiCBo-BeHrepcBoe corjameHie 1867 roAa oxAajo bi noi- 
HyD Bjracxb BenrpaMi Bci HeBearepcKia sapoAHOCTH aopoHU cb. 
Gxe^Ha, H cb dxoro BpeMCHH Ha^BHaexca npoAOJUsaDn^ifica h ao 
CBx*b nop% nepioAib tfesnoH^aAHOfl naAbapHsai^iB. 

BcHrpH nocxoasHO h cBcxeMaxH^ecBH oxxicnajH ClOBa^Ki9 asuai 
Ha SBABifl njULHi. Uo swoHy 1868 r. HCKJiioqflxejibHoe npaao ptme-* 
Bia, Ha BaaoM'b nuvb aoasho ofiynaxb B'b napoABUxi maoAax'b h 
wh cpeAHBX'b ynedHuxT* saBeAeaiax'b, BM^Drb jiBi^a bah y^peasAe- 



H31» ABGTPIH. 65 

WLAj eoAepsaii](ui m&ojLa. Bcj^ACTBie dToro mosho 6imo 6u npeA" 
nojBLaraTb, hto b^ CjKona'i^nH^, rxb umojLu coAepsaTCA Ha cpe;^- 
cTsa B'&poHcnoBtjiHUX'b o6mjiB% h BOjiocTefi, npeao;^aBaHie Be^^eTca 

Ha CJOBaU.ROM'B ABEJBi. OAHaKO, B'S A'tfiCTBHTOJIIiHOCTH TOJIBSO H81 
UapOAHUXl) HIKOJl CJKOBaUBifi fl3lIK*B QJUfi HO COBC&Ml HSrHaHl. Ob 
qaCTHUMH CJOBai^KHMH THMHasiAMH MaAbflpU He H,epeMOHHJ[HCB; OHH 

nonpocTy hx'b saKpiuiH, h b'b Hacroau^ee BpeHfl cjEOsaKH ne hm^iox'b 
iiH oAHoro cpeAHaro y^e^Haro saBeAeniji. B'b 1879 roAy Benrpu, ne 
c-Moxpa Ha OTHajiHHue npoTecTU pyMSHi, HiMAesi h cJiOBaKOB'b, 
BBejH MaAbflpcKiS asuK'B B'b KanecTBt o6fl3aTeJibHaro npeAMeaa npe- 
HOAaBaHia h b7> HapoAHUX'b HiKOjiaxQ^. B'b nacToan^ee Bpema B'b nep- 
BOiTb KJiacci HapoAHaro y^BJiBn^a MaAbapcKOMy asHsy nocBan^aeTca 
17 HacoBx B'b HQj^'bAfD. B'b BenrpiH cy^ecTByDTi, spoMt msoj'b 
BeHrepcsHX'b h HHOpoA^ecKHX'b, eiii^e CM-ixnaHHua. BeHrepcsoe npa- 
BEtxeabCTBO CTapaeTca nocreneHHo npespanj^aTb cjroBai^ia msojiH B'b 
CMimaHHua, uojbsyacb T'&M'b^ ^to B'b saKOVb ^HntfyAb ceji'6 cyn^e- 
CTByei'b ABa-Tpn BenrepcBHX'b (^^ani^e Bcero eBpeficKHX'b) ceMeflCTsa. 
EuBaeti, BupoHeifb, h Aase oienb ne p^aieu), ^to bx cejiax'b, TKb 
Btxi» de facto hh oahoS MaAbapcsofi AyniH, BBOAHTca^npenoAaeaHie 
Ha A^yxi> asHKax'b: cjiosai^BOM'B h BeHrepcKom. Go BpeMeneH'b, 
BorAa A^TU HeMHoro npHBHSHyT'b ki nysAKM'b BBysatti HenoHax- 
Haro A^& BBx-b asHKa, cMiniaHHaa niKOJia cxaHOBHxca yace npaMO 
BeerepcKofi. 3to saBHCHx^b oxi pBenia y^Hxeia, o6£iBHOBenHO CJio- 
BaBa-peHeraxa^ soxopufi xasHM'b ofipasoM'b sejaex'b 6ucxpte ao- 
CTHrnyxb noBiinieHia no cjyaEfit. UoHaTHO, qxo xan^b, ta^ niKOja 
cjysBHX'b HCKJiD^HxejibHo xojbBO HOJiHXHK^, He Hosex'b 6uTh H pas- 
roBopa ea npocBixHxeJibHofi poau. PedeHsy BAaji(5jiHBav>T'b nt- 
CEOJibBO coxeH'b MaAbapcBHX'b caoB'b, nayqax'b ero noBXopaxb ni- 
CBoabRo AecaxKOB'b vaAbapcEHX'b ^fas% h A'bJO ero o6yHeHia chh- 
xaexca oKOHHeHHuicb, xasi KaK'b Ha axo nexanHHecKoe BAaa6aHBa- 
Hie yxoABxi» cxoibko BpeiieHH, qxo ero yse ne ocxaexca na hxo 
HH^yAb 6ojAe noaesHoe. Buiw m'b mBOW, pe6eH0S'b oqenb CBopo 
sa^BBaexi bck) axy npoMyApocxb, xa.R'b sasT), SHBa B'b hhcxo cao- 
Baii.Koii cpeA^f OH'b He nyBcxsyexi Heo6xoAHMocxH coxpanaxb nosaa- 
Hia, npiotipixeHHua B^b HiKoa^. MesAy x^H'b n yqaxeab h HaAbap- 
CKia mBOJibHua aaacxH o^eHb AOBoabHn: hm% yAajocb naAbapHSH- 
poBaxb H^CEoabKO AecaxEOBfb caoBaABHX'b bah pycBHcsBxi A'^Teft. 
B'b MaAiapcKHX'b 0(|>(j[)HAiajibHHX'b opranaxi qacxo mosilho Bcxp'bxaxb 
o6ia6aeHie, npHraamaD^ee <cnoco6Haro y^Hxeaa, soxopiifi Mor-b 
6u HaAbapHSHpoBaxb bi> BOSMoacBo Bpaxqaflmifl cpoK'b aioBaB.Koe 
ceao». 

^llCJ^o cH'l^iDaHHnx'b uiRoa'b bi BeHrpia uocxoaHHO Boapacxaexi, 
Hxo cBHA'^xeJbcxByex'b o6'b ycnixax'b noBepxHOcxBoS MaAbapH3aB.iH. 
JI.'i^aaex'b-JiH naAbapHsai^ia 4>^i^fl^^sie ycnixa cpeAH CJOBaKOBi, 
xpyAHO ptiHHXb. Hxo Racaexca o6n](aro ^Hcaa caoBan^Raro Haceaema, 
TO OBO Cb 1867 r. ne xoabBO ne yMeBbmaaocb) no sna^HxeabHO yne- 

1* 4. OTR*jra n. 5 



1 



6.6 P7CGK0B BOrATCTBO. 

jH^fliocb. Bb HacTOAio^ee Bpeicji, cJOBaKOBi ^ase no aasi^AOMO Ten- 

AeHi;i08H0fi HaAbJipCSOfl CTaTHCTHftt TpHMEXliOHa — BTi M.^tcmnTexh' 

HocTH se Hxi 6oiie. HejiBSji OTpHuaTb, ^to MaxbJipHsaiqfl cujbho 
pacnpocTpaH^eTCfl cpexH ciOBai^Boft HHTejuHreHn^ui, uemxj y^HTe- 
jiAME, cBanieHHHKaiiH, ^HHOBHHsaMH H T. A- Ho Maccu He MaxbEpH- 

8HpyH)TCfl. GjlOBailKift KpeCTBAHHHl TOIbSO Cb 60JBnmM'B TpyAOlfB 

MozeTi BuyHHTiiCfl asuKy, KOTopuS TaKi jifiaeKi, no CBoeiiy xapas- 
Tepy OTi ero poAHoro rOBopa. Jl^ase patfoiie-cjOBaKBi nonaxaiontie 
B'B nemT'B UH Bi Kaaofi-HH^yAB Apyrofi ^hcto BenrepCKift ropoxi* 
HHcsoJibRo He TepaDTb CBoero HatuonajiBuaro xapaaiepa. EpoMi 
Toro, cjiixyeT'B npHHATb BO BBHMaHie en^e'n cj'&AyK>n^ee o6cToaTeib- 
CTBo. CjOBasH — napoA'b qpesBEiqaflHo njoAOBHTiifi. CeMBH, bi eoto- 
pHZi 12, 14 H 6oj']te jifkreAf bi GAOBaHHHHi bobco ho p'i^xKOCTb. 
MaABflps ze, Hao6opoTb, npeAcraBiHDT'B hsi ce6fl njieMA BSMEpaio- 
n^ee, HCKyccTBeHso nouepsHBaiontee cBoe cyn^ecTBOBanie. Ecjh 6u 
ue accHiuuAEiLaL sHopOA^ecRHX'b 9161160X061, npeuMyn^ecTseHHO onoHb 
njOAOBHTHxi espeeBi h HiMi^eBi, to MaABApaifb yxe bi 6jHsafi- 
msM'B (SyAyveMi yrpoauua 6h BecbMa njia<ieBHaH cyAb6a. Ohb npe- 
KpacHO noHHMaDT'b dTO H BciMH cHiaMH cTapaiDTCH hocoSbtb ropio. 
Tas'b, HanpBMi^p^, HtcsojcbKo jrbf'b Tony naaaA'b ohh na^iajH 6paTB 
y 6^fijmvh cioeasoBi, o6peMeH6HHHX'B m HoroqHcieHHUM'B ceneftcTBOiKb, 

XiTefl B OT^aBBTB BX'b B'B CeMBH 6e3A'&THEIX:B BeHrepCKHXl BpeCTbJiHli. 

PoAHTeJiB-cjEOBa&H nojy^aiDT'B, pasyufbeTCflf sa bto HseicTHoe bos- 
HarpasAOHie. HtsoTopoe Bpexa hbbto bh^ BeerpiH ho 8HajB[<B o Ta- 
KHx^ paABKajBBaxi H'&pax'b BeHrepcsBX'B narpioTOBi, 8a6oTaH(Hxcfl 
cyAbfiaxi cBoeft HapoAHOcrn, no, HasoHeii^'b, cjiyxH 061 btomi npo- 
BHKjiH Bi 6BponefiCKyD ne^BTb. Benrpu, hohjitho, ctbih yB^pBTb, 
qio dTO H6 hto HHoe, KBB'b caMBfl 6e3BopucTHaA <{»HJaHTponiH: Bi^Ai^ 
6tAHii6 poAHTOJiH ocBo6osAajBCb oTi HOHysHOft HMi o6y3H, Aa en][e 
noJiyqajH narpaAy. 0(>B^6CTBeHHoe MH^Hie HicBOjbKO HHane hocmot- 
pijio Ha TaByD €4»HjaHTpoaiio> sui generis h HasBajio ee ToproB- 
jieS A^TbUj Bi XIX CT. Bh HacTOimee BpeicA ysene OTnpaBJUDTb 

BBl GjEOBaHHBHII A^^JEHXl BarOBOBl CB dtHWb CBOeo6pa8HIJXl TOBa- 

poMi B'B BenrplH), ho bto eo^e hb dHawT'b, ^to nosyasa ciOBam- 
sBXi A'&TeS npeBpan^oHa. Ona HAerb, h aobojibho 6oiBO, ho Be 
Taai OTKpuTo, saK'b npesAO. Xoth BonrpH h yfiisAeau B'B Tom, 
HTO HMii yAacTcfl iiaAbapHSHpoBaTb ace HeaeHrepcKoe Haceienie 
BeHrpiHi ho ohh noaa AOBOJbCTsyDTCH xoth 6u h oqenb iesHaw- 
TejbHUMH ycutxaMH. Tasi, nanp.y ohb CTapaDxcH AOcrnrHyTb npesAO 
Bcero Toro, hto6ii BCflKifl sHTejb Benrpifl, K^b Basot (noffbHaiUo* 
HajbHocTH HE npHHaAJ^esajTB, nocHj'b HenpeM'bHHo ^hcto MaAbapcKyD 
(l^aMHjiK). Gyn^ecTByeTi cneiuajibBoe o6n^ecTBO cGodsi ajh xaAba- 
pHsaiuH ^aMHjiifl», BOTopuft 8aAaj[Cji nijibio cuonaTb jpAeS, o6xa- 
AaDm^Bxi HtMeiiBoS hjih cjaBBHCsofi ^aHHJiiefi, m'^hhtb ee na ^hcto 
BeHrepcKyn. dTOT'b coDsi nocTapajca Toifb, hto6u njaTa sa ne- 
peM'j^Hy (J^aMBJin, paBBBBmaAca ao 1881 r. naTH ryjibAeHaifb, 6iua 



Hdl ABCTPIH. 67 

7M6HbineHa ao 50 KpefiiiepoBi, <^to6ii Aase calrae 6ijs,Eue mofje 
BUKasaTb cBOfl BeHrepcRii naxpioTHsirBt, sas^b riacHTTB nexHi^ifl C0H)3a9 
BHeceHHafl wb ceivb. 

PasyM'beTca, BuaasuBaTb TaKOfl naTpioTHSM's npHHysAeHti rjas- 

HUMl O^paSOMTb JIIOAH, HOCTaBjeHHUe Bl SaBHCHKOCTB 0Tb BJiaCTb 

Biiyn^Bxi Ma^bap'B: npHcjyra, pa6oHie, sarfiM^ iHHOBaHSH h t. X* 
Bb OAHOM'b 1893 r. 6uie iiaABflpHSHpoBaHU ^smrmie 1021 ceMBH* 
B-B HacTOJiQ^ee Bpenji Be^eTCA dHeprHqecRaji arBTaqifl b'b nojbsy 
nepeM^Hiz HeBeHrepcsHX'B <i>aMHJifi ea ^hcto iiaAbflpcKiA no uoboay 
apeACTOflu^aro E)(>HJeA TUCflHeiiTUi cylAecTBOBaHifl BeHrepcRaro ro* 
cy^apcTBa. Bo MHornx'b BeHrepcsHZ*B j^pemjifiEiavb HHHOBHHsaM'B xaao 
noHflTB, ^To OHH MoryTi pasc^HTHBaTB Ha QOBHmeHie, a Koe-rAi b 
Ha npoAOjaceHie cjiystfu tojbko doa'b ycJOBieM'B nepeM'^HU (|>aicHjiH. 

Oco6eHHO OXOTHO MiHfllDT'B CBOK) <{>aMHJ[ilO OBpeH. Bl» OAHOIfB 1886 r. 

41 KoE'b npeBpaTHJicfl wb EajjiaeB'B, 21 BeAcffb b% ^^erepoB^i 
12 KjiefiHOBi B^ Kumefi, 9 niTepHOB'b b% Hessslve h t. a* 

KpoM^ <GoK)3a AJfl MaABapHsauiH (j[>aMHj[iB» cyii^ecTByDTi pas- 
ZH^HUA o6ii;ecTBa, BaAaBmijiCJi nfkiiv> cuoco6cTBOBaTB accHMajijio^iH 
BHopoA^ecsaro HacejioHlfl ci> BenrpaMH. IlepBoe ic&cto cpe^H hhx'b 
saHBuaerB «EyjiBTypHHd cod8x>, b'b cociaB'B KOToparo bxo^bti h^* 
CKOjiBRo AocfiTsoB^B ofiiu^CTBi. cKyjiBTypHufl coD3'S> pacHOjaraeTb 
KanBTaJOM'B, AOxoxBu^HifB AO MHJuioHa ryjBAeHOB^B. Ero eseroA^sfi 
AOxoA'B paBHBeTCJi 300,000, a pacxoA^B 6oJiie 200,000. Canoe Cora- 
Toe HS'B o6n]^ecTBx,npHHaAiesao;Hx'B KicoiDsy — ceAMarpaACSoe, pa3- 
BBBBK^n^ee cbod A'^TejBHOCTB npeBMyn^ecTBeHHO Ha TeppHTopia, oa- 
cejEeHHofi pyMHHaMH. Canoe dneprHiecBoe hsi bthx'b dtfn^eCTB'B cQb- 
BepoBeHrepcKoe» — a^a kaABflpHdaiuH cJOBaROBi. Pbaomi cb hbitb 
Ai^ficTByeTB cBeHrepcKO-cJioBaiiKoe KyjiBTypHoe o6n^ecTBO». EanHTaji'b 
dToro o6n(ecTBa, AOxoAflio^ifi AO 100|000 ryiBA-> nepemei*B oti cCjo- 
Bai^Kofi MaTHi^ii*, ROTopaA 6tua saRpuTa seHrepCRHiTB npaBHTejB- 

CTBOMl. 

Bearpii ci» 6oxbmEWb neyAOBOiBCTBieicB cj'&abjh aa a^atojib- 
HocTBH) «Cj[0Bai^R0ft MaTHAH>. Ohb BHOiHi oi]^iHBZH ea BaxHoe soa- 
^enie jsa^ cjtoBai^Raro napoAa h tojebro BHSHAaiH HOAxoAa^aro 
cjynaA, ?to6ei yHH^TOSHTB ee. Cjiyqafi ne saMeAJHi'B npeACTaBBTbCB. 
HaAO cRasaTB, hto vb JIiD6juiH'& (Laibach) cyu^ecTBOBaia Tose cMa- 
TBua», y^pesAGHHaa cJOBBHuaMH, ROTopaa Tose HasuBajcacB cslo- 
yenska», laRi Raa'b npHjaraTeibaoe orb cjobi ccjiobbri* h ccjo- 
BBHei^^i OAHHaROBO. Bb 1874 r. bo speMA TopzseeTBeHHaro OTRpii- 
Tifl xopaaTCKaro yBBBepcBTexa bi Sarpetit AOiiyTarb ot'b cAoeun- 
CKoH «MaTHi^K[» BiipasHjECA oHCHb p^BRO MaABflpaxi H BOHrep- 
CROMi npaBBTejBCTBi. BeHrepcRoe npaBExejiBCTBo npHBAsaxocb R'b 
OAHHaROBOMy Ha3BaBiio o6iflX'B <MaTfli^'b» h pacnopaABJOcb o sa- 
RpuTiB cAoeamoU tMaTHAU* <BCJ[iACTBie ciaBAHCRoA npoaaraHAii». 
BecB Rauflxaj'B «MaTHi;Bi» 6uvb R0H4>HCR0BaH'B H ooAapeni Bume- 
ynoMAHyiOMy cBenrepcRO-cjiOBai^ROMy RyjibTypnoMy o6ii^ecTBy». Uo^ts 

6* 



68 P7GGX0B BOrATCTBO. 

€TOTucflqHuS RanHtai'B o6paii(aeTCfl na nijn npoTnaynojosHHa TiifB» 

AJB KOTOpUX'B OB'S 6uJFh C06paBl BCilTb CJOBai;SBM<b SapOAOM'b. 

cBesrepcKO-cjiOBai^Boe KyjiTypHoe otfm^ecTBO^ BSAaeTi xsa cjioBai^- 
sie sypBaja cb Benrepcsoft TeB^eBiueft. Oabbi b3i» hbz'b <SloT6nske 
Novine», CTODmtifi mecTB ryjBji;eflOB*B h BHxoABB^ifi neTiipe pasa wh 
"ELex^JLJOj CTapaeTCA noAopBaTB BjiiflBie Bai^ioBaJbBofi cjOBai^soS ra- 
aeTH tNarodnie Noviny». JI,pyroS cVlast a Svet» (tOTcnecTBO h 

Mip'B») CTOBTTi BCerO OABBX VJAhJljaWb Vb rOJCB. 9tO HJJIIDCTpBpO- 

BaBBoe eseseA'i^JBBoe HSAaflie Cb B8o6paseBieM<b YBrapifl b bbaob'b 
neBiTa Ba sarjiasBoA crpaBBniby BauoiBCBBoe hohtb BCUDHBTejiBBa 
6iorpa4)ijniH BeBrepcsBX'B Kopojiefi h noB'&CTBOBafliflHH o xo6jecT« 
BHxi noABflraxi MaABapcBBX'B, bo 6ojiBniefi nacTfl MHeBHecKBX'B 
repoeBi. 

?T0 KacaeTca 6oraTaro HyseA b KBBroxpaflBjflB^a <MaTBuu>,Ta 

OBB SaBpUTH. PtAXifl BOUeXIliH flOpTATCB, a KBBFB B pyBOBBCB FITi- 

K>T'B^ Tas-B saB'B flpaBBTeiBCTBo, BecuoTpfl Bfl Ba KasiB bpocb6u 
CJOBBBOBs, Be fl08BojHeTi BpoB'lTpBTB Bxaflie saxpBTaro MyseB. 

Bo B&brb ropoABX'B b M^^CTe^sax'B BearpiB cyB^ecTByiOT'B 6e3- 
BjraTBue Kypcu BeBrepcsaro Bsuxa xjib BspocjnncB. Bx cauoM'B UeBiTi 

MOaCBO O^OBB ^aCTO BCTp'&TBTB otflBBJOflie Ba Bi^Mei^BOM'B B3HB%, 

rxacBB^ee^ ^to BCBxifi BBOCTpasei^'By nocejBBBriftcA b*b cTOJBt^iBeH- 
rpiB, flenpeai^BBO AOJiseB*B OTBjiaTBTB Havi^BBpaiTB sa bx*b rocre- 
BpiflMCTBO ycBoeBieH'B BCBrepcxaro asiiBa, BOTopouy obi mobcot'b 

067«IBTBCfl TBMl TO B TBHl COBepmeBBO 6e8nJaTBO. B% OABOM'B 

Ilpeccfiypr* tbehx^ BypcoBi fiojite ABa^i^aTB. cKyjBTypBwft coi)3%» 
ocflOBUBaeTi bt> qBCTo-ciaBBBCKBX'B B pyiiuBCKBX'B ropojiax% BeB- 
repcKie TeaTpu, soTopue ofiHBBOseBBO nycTyiOT'B, b ^pe6ejieBCBie 

CBABKB, B'B BOTOpUX'B A^TB 6'£aBB[X'B CJaBflBCBBXl B pyHUBCBBXl 

poABTeseft y^BTCB fobopbtb no-BeBrepcsB. Bojrie TajasTjiBBiie bss 
Bflxi nojy^iaiDTi cTBseBAiB. Hs'b tbbbx'b cTBBeBAiaTOBi BpeflHyB];e- 

CTBeBBO BHXOABTl UaABBpBSaTOpQ-CBBfl^eBBBBB B y^BTCJIB. 

Bi^ BeBTpiB cyB^ecTsyeTB cnei^iajiBBoe cin&ojiBBoe o6B];ecTBO»» 
BOTopoe ocHOBUBaeT'B MaABApcBLB msojii B'B H'bcre^Kax'B B ceiaxi,^ 
ofiBTaeHTJxi BeBeBrepcBBHi BacejieBieM']^. BeBrepcBoe apaBBTeaB- 
CTBO o6joibbxo Bce B^ceiesie BearpiB OBeuiaiBBiiM'B BajoroirB cb 
nibjihjD co6paTB saxi mosbo 6ojiBme cpeACXBi js,m iiaABBpBBai^iB. 
cEyjBTypfliifi coio3'b:» noJiy^aea*B aoboxbbo SBa^BTeiBByE) cy6cBAiD 
OT'B BOflrepcBaro ceflHa. Bo HBorBxi pecTopaBax^i B0({)eBBBX'B b mb- 
rasBHaxi, Ba cbmomi bbaboitb h^ct^, spacyioTCB bobbjibb, B'B ko- 
TopHB co6BpaeTCB ofiBJBBaa jienTa Ba iiaABBpBsaiUH). He oco6eBBO 
Abbbo <EyjiBTypBuft cods'bd boctbbobbj'b buabbbtb yqflTejiiD bo 
ryjiBAOBy 3a BCflxaro pe6eBBa bs'b cjiOBai^Kofi cohbb, BOToparo ob'b 
BSlyqBT'B ^BTBTB BO-BeHrepcBB. 

XoTB de facto MaABBpBBaQiB cpeAB cJOBai^BBX'B BapoABUx'B uaccB 
B Be A'i^Jiaex'B yca^xoBi, BecHOTpa bb sa xasiB ycBiiB mbabbp* 

CBBX'B mOBBBBCTOBT , OABBRO, OBH AOOTBrjEB TOFO, HTO peHOraTCTBO 



lSai> ABCTPIH. 69 

KpafiHe pacnpocTpaHeHO cpe^H o6pa30BaHHaro uacca cioBa]](Karo Ha- 
poAa. Bee ciOBai^Koe abophhctbo xaBHo yse nepemjo si BeBrepcsi^Ol 
jarepb. To se canoe bpexoahtcji cKasaTb h o Bucmeiii AyxoBeHCTB^^ 
KOTopoe uapajEHsye'Tb BCflsyi) xhEreihBOCTb coxpaHHsniHX'B en^e cbod 

HapOJ(HOCTb cejbCSHX'b CBJinieBHHBOB'b. Hh OAHHl HSl TBBBX'B CBfl* 

B^eHBHKOB'B BO AocTflrHeTb BUCflieft iepapxaqecKOfi CTeneBB. GsjiB^eH- 
BBKa-ciOBasa, Bipnaro CBOeft HapoxHocTH, nocHjaK>T«b B^b Basoe-HH- 
<{yxb saxojycTbe, bi^ ropn, B'b canoe 6ijifiO(s ceio. OqeHB aiHorie 

CBBIKeHHBKH npBBHAUBaDTCJI peHerBTaMH, HT06U TOJIbBO coxpaHBTb 
CBOe M^CTO. 

BOAbBIBBCTBO CJIOBaSOBl BCnOBiAyeTl BaTOJBqeCTBO. TOKKO He- 

6onmafl qacTb bx% — npoTecraHTH. Bot'b y staxi to nocj[%ABBXi>, 
nojibByDBJ^flxea H^BOTopofl AepBOBHoft aBTOHoiiieft, ciOBauBift ^3IiIr<b 
en^e BrpaeTi H^BOTopyD poib bi RaqecTB'b 6orocj[yse6Haro B8UBa» 

Ho H TyT!b BpaBBTeJbCTBO CTapaeTCB nOCBBTHTb npOTeCTaHTCBHM'B 

cjioBaqKBui otfmtBHaM'E b'b nacTOpti peneraTOBi. FeHepajbHiji koh- 
BeHT'b eBanrejiflqecBofl i^epBBB BSAaii nocTBHOBjieHie, Ha ocHOBaHio 
KOToparo qTeeie CJiOBai^BBX'b EHHseBi BxtHfleTCB nacTopaici B:b sa- 
HOHBqecKoe npecTynjeaie. 

HauioHBJibsuft rneT'b b OTcyTCTBie bcbbbx'b x^ponpiBTift ajlsl uomt 
BSTUL OKOHOMflqecsaro tfjarococroBHUE napoAa cuocotfcTByDTi Tony, 
qTO jsffh GjLOBaqqHHH, a Tasse h YropcBoft PycH BMarpHpyeivb ese- 
roABo Macca HacejieHiA. dMnrpapyDTi toibbo cxoBasH, pycflHU, ot- 
qacTH espefl — naAbflpu ase HHBorAa. Eseroxno BMBrpflpyeT'b HtcBOJbso 
Tucaq'b qejoB^Bi. TpyAOjiK)6HBoe, pa6oTjin^ee cJOBai^Boe HacejeHie 
saxoABTi B'b AKepBK'6 xopofliift aapafioiOB^b. Oqesb MHorie mi> bmh- 
rpaHTOBi BOSBpan^aiOTOfl qepea'b HtcsojibBo .liT^bAOMofi cb Hibsoro- 
piiiTb danacoirb Aeaen, qxo bmi nosBojaeiyb no&yoaTb seiUD b cxa- 

HOBBTbCB CBMOCTOBTeJIbHIIMB XOSBeBaUB. Hsi AlHepflKB BpflCEUaeTCB 

B'b GjOBaqqHBy okoio HflajuoHa ryjibAeHOBi. 

dMBrpauifl Barb c']^BepHofi BeHrpis oqeHb He6jaronpiBTHO OTpasB- 
jacb na HHTepecaxi spynHux'b Be]oeBjaAtjiB]](eB'£, tbri BaBii^'bHH 
Ha pa6oqifl Tpy^i CHjbHO boahjubcb. Tor^a BeHrepcsoe npaBHxeA- 
ctbo cTajio npHBBMaTb Mipii B*b Tony, qTo6ti npeBpaTBTb dMBrpa- 
i^iOHHoe ABHseHie. Oho o6paTBJ[ocb ci npocb6oft B'b raif6yprcB0icy 
H 6peMeBCB0My ceaaTy, qTotfu ohb sanpeTHJB npHEHMBTb sanBTaHavb 
Bopa6jiefl BeHrepcBBxi noAAaHHU'bi He Bwbtyinjix'h nacnopTOBi. 
OAHaso, STO xoAaxaficTBO He hm^jo ycnixa. Torxa npasHTejibCTBO ^ 
oTABJio npBBasaHie autHAapuaM^b jiOBHTb a»HrpaHTOB'b, OTfinparb y 
BBXi AeHbrH H oTnpaBjflTb bxi Ha poAnny. OAnaKO, H bto ne no- 
uoraeTi, tbr-b KaEi 9MHrpaB;ifl He ocjatf-lsaerb, a BMBrpaHTU npa- 

HySAOHH ABBBTb BBflTBH SBHAapiiaM'b, qT06£I T^ BpOHyCKaJIH HX!b 

qepesi rpaHoiiy. 

DojioseHie ciOBaaoB'b A^ftcTBHTejbHO Tasejio, c% dXHifb saisAHft 
coriacHTCfl, ho, Bce-TasB, cjiOBan,Bafl HHxejUBreHiuB HMterb cpeA- 
CTBa 3aBi;flTH, BOTopuMB, bi coasaji'bHiH), nojbsyercfl oqeHb mbjo. Bi» 



1 



70 pyCCKOE BOfATCTBO. 

BeHrpiH CTmecTByeTb ^^obojbho mHpoKoe MicTHoe caHoynpaBieHie, 
H ecsuCu cJOBaKB saHflJHCL 9HeprH?ecsoS arHTai9eft memjsj Hapo- 

AOITB, TO EM'S JASJQCh 6u BpHBCCTH %% TOMy, qTO BCJI HiCTHaa hMr 
HBHHCTpamfl H Bci CJJi,U 6nj[H Cu^Bt pyBaXl CJOBaBOBl. IIOHATHO, 

HTO TaRafl arHTai^ia noTpe6oBajra 6u 6Qihmiix% acepTB'L h ycHjeHHOfi 
pa6oTH. CjiOBaii;Rafl EHTeJUHreHiaji AOJsna 6Hja 6u npeasAe Bcero 
0O3AaTB nonyupHyH) nojHTHqecByi) npeccy, hto boojh^ bosmosho, 

TaKTi EaKHB, ^TO 6u TQ,Wb HB TOBOpHJOCB MaABApCBOlTB TeppopHBMi, 

CBo6oAn neqaxH b'b BeHrpis ropasAO 6oj[Bnie, HesejH b% ABCxpin. Ily- 

TBM'B arBTailJB HapO^HHX'B JIHCTEOB'B, nyTCMl CXOitOB'B, HHTHHrOB'b H 

co6paBift cJOBasfl hofjih 611 cepBesHO no^roTOBHTB napOA'B sii no- 
jBTH'iecKod tfopB^*!. CjoBaKH sajyiDTCfl na CTpaniBUfi xeppopHSut 

HaiBBpCKBX'B BJiaCTefl BO BpeMB BHfiopOB'B, HO B'hjSfi TO^HO TBROfl Se 
TeppOpHSM'B He nOM^maJ^B raJIHUifiCRBH'B, BOJIBCEHHI H pyCHHCKBMl 

KpecTBBHaM'B npoBOCT? B'B cefiM'B HOjiTopa AecATsa eBOBX'B AenyTa- 
TOBi. PasBHiia uesAy FajiBAieS h Gjoeaq^iBHoft tojkbro b'b tom'b, 
HTO B'B nepBoft BTBHeHie nocji^AHHX'B 5 — 6 Ji'bT'B nporpeccHBHaA hh- 
TejJinreei^ia o^enB MHoro patfoTaja AJia. npocB'&B^eHia h noJHTHqe- 
CRaro BocBHTaHifl Hai)0AHax'B MaccB b'b to Bpena, RaRi cpejcH cio- 
BasoB'B HH?ero noAo6Haro He 6hjo. ?to cpeAH cjoBai^SHX'B BpecTbBH'B 
M02BH0 MHoroe cA^aTB, 9T0 ^ORasKTBaDrB ycn-ixH TaR'B HasEiBaetfoft 
fHapoAHofi napTiH». 9Ta napTia, no cyn^ecTBy cBoeny sjiepHRajB- 
naa, BOSHHRjia oqeHB HOAaBHO. Ona (iijia ocHOBaHa oahoA qacTBD 
BeerepcRoS apHCTORpaTiH h AyxOBeHCTBOm, HeAOBOJiBHiiHH peaerios- 
HUMH pe<i>opMaMH BeHrepcRaro npaBHTejiBCTBa. HapoAHaji napTiA pi- 
mHJiacB onepeTBCfl Ha HapoAHHH Haccs h BucrynHTB bi san^ETy hh- 
xepecoB'B RpecTBBHCTBa. Ona OT6pocHjia MaABflpHsaTopcRifl TenAeniuH 
H otfpaTHjiacB z'h cJOBaRaHi na hx'b bsbir^^, ocHOBaB'B raseTy 
«Erestian», ROTopaa BCRopi npio6p'bja orojio 10,000 noABHCVH- 
ROB'B. MesA7 AenyTaiaKH, ROTopEixi y^aiocB BToft napTin npoBecTH 

Bl» CefiHl, HaXOAHTCfl H OAHHI& CIOBaRl. 

Ecjih6ei cJOBaxH bsajhcb 8a yn'B h bh^cto tofo, ^to6u tojbro 
iRBJioBaTBCfl na MaA^pcRiS rneT'B, hphhajihcb sa opraHH3a]](iiD Ha- 
POAR, OHH AOCTHrJH 6u HiROTOpHXli pesyjBTaTOBi H He 6UJIH 6u 
CBHA^TeJAHH TOrO, RRRl CIOBRI^Rie RpeCTBBHe HSfinpaDTB B'B cefiM'B 
HCRJID^BTeJIBHO HpaBBTeJtBCTBeHHUX'B RRHAHAaTOB'B, HORynaDnJ^BXl 

AenyraTCRifl noJHOMOHifl sa AeHBre, BOARy h R0ji6acy« OAHaRO, cjio- 
^Bai^Raa HHTejiHreni^ifl b ao cbxi nop'B Hsqero ne A^aeT'B, hto6u 
HSBieHB nojBsy hs'b t^^x'b npasi^, rotopha ofiesnenHBaeT'B sa heme 
BenrepcRafl R0HCTHTyi;iji. «BosaRH» CJOBaniRofi sHTejuEreHiuH naxb- 
DTCfl caMHM'B cepBesHHM'B o6pa80M'B Ha TO9 ^TO npHAyrB pyccRiA 
BoficRR H ocBo6oAa'rB cioBaROBi HS'B noA'B Era iiaABap'B. TaRie bstaemji 
npeRpacHo cooTB'bTCTByiDT'B BEARU'B BTSX'B HOCJ'bAHflX'B. BeflrepcRoe 
npaBHTeiBCTBO jiai^eMipHO saflBjaeT'B, hto oho qyBCTByen 6ojiBmyD 
CHHnaTiiD R^ cjoBaRaMi, Hsqero ne HMie'TB npoTEB'B hx^b Hai;ioHajR>- 
Haro pasBETiH, ho HERaR-B He moxbt^b Tepn^TB y ce6H aomr «naH-^ 



Jiffb FEPKAHIH. 71 

CJntBHCTCB7K)» arHTaAiK), yrpoasaio^yiD i^i^JiocTH BeerepcBaro ro- 
cyxapcTBa. BenrepcKoe npaBHTejibCTBO oneHb jobko noAbzjeTca, bcji- 
ROfi HeocTopoasHecTi>x) cjoBausHX'B opraHOB'B ne^axH h jcTpaHsaeT^ 
ipoMKie npoi^eccH, bi EOTopaxt cjosaiiiKie ny6jiHiiHCTH yjiHTOWTca 
Bi cnaHCjiaBH3Mi»» soTopiiA de facto, KaR% npeKpacHO noHEMaioT'B 
H xaAbflpcRiA BjiaCTH, BOBce ue cTpameH'b... 

Bb caMoe nocjitAHee spexa ciOBasH HaHHHav>T'B Aynaxb o tomi>, 
Tro.Henero naA'i^ATbca Ha hoctopohqdk) noMomb, a nopa qT0*HB6yAb 
A^aTb. BcitACTBie btofo mu bhahmi HZ'b BOsaROB'b Ha cb'b^ji,^ ne- 
MaAbflpcKHX'b napoAHOCTefl BeHrpie, npoHCXOAHBmeu'b Bi iioji^ nponi- 
jiaro ro^a vb QeniTt. Ci xpyrofi cTopoHH, cjioBaAsafl MOJOAexb^ no- 
ci^n^tDii^aji npascKiS yHBBepcHTerb h CTajsHBajicb cb ^emcKoft 
xojBLOxesbi), HawHaeT'b noHHMaTb, KaB<b npn canEix'b Tameiujit ycjo- 
Biflxi Bce-TaRH MosHO AocTHraTb HSB'IcTHurb pesyjibTaTOB'b, eCJH 

TOJbRO yH'&H)«IH BBflTbCfl 3a A'&JKO. H^ROTOpHe npe^CTaBHTeJIH BTOft 

MOJEOAesH saAyMUBaiDT'b HSAaeaxb, no npHMSpy qemcSHX'b QporpeccB- 
cTOBi, TaR'b HasHBaeMaa «EpeflaepoBiiflD raaeTU, hto B'b GnoBs^nawk 
ropasAO Jierqe, nesejH B'b Hexin, noTOMy hto bi BeH;rpiH niT'b ra- 
BeTHaro niTeHneJiA. H cpe^H CTapmefi HHTejJiHreHAiH saM'bTHO h^ro- 
Topoe oaRHBJeflie. Ea opran-b «Narodnie Noviny* B'b btomi roAy hb- 
Aaercfl eseAoeBHo, a cyMiia, co6BpaeMaa na HacrnyK) cjoBai^RyK) 
PHMHasiK), AocTHFjia yse CTa THCAH'b ryjtbAeHOB'b. 

jl. BacHJieBCKiil. 



Hat TepMaHiH. 



KaEfb pasib B'b TO spoMH, RorAa cioAa Aooiia norpflcaiDn^afl nlcTb 
nopaacoHlH a^pHRancRHH'b AHKapoH'b MeHOJEHROifb HraibaHCRHX'b 
BoflcEi, a BMicTi cb HHMH H uoryo^ecTBeHHaro BepmHTeJu cjjifi&b 
UTajiiH — KpHcnn, xaRi pasi Kb bto Bpeiffl h Hiiieipcafl ROJOHiaibHafl 
noiHTHRa nonecjia secroKifi y^api vb jihi^ oahofo HS^b nonyjapHift- 
inHxi cBOHXi npoACTaBHTOJiei. diorb repofi H^Mei^Rofi Roioniajn^Hofi 

nOJKETHRH HBJIfleTCfl TtH'b 60JI'le AHKHU'b AHKapOlfb^ ^0 Ha CaUOBTbTO 

jifbxb owh OTopucR'b HHCTo TeBTOHCRoft RpoBH, po^oifb OBponeei^, 
E imi&i'b THTyji'b AOKTopa ^hioco^Ih; hma OHy — KapjEi Ilerepcb. Ra- 
Koft TO nenaibEHfi poR'b TflroTierb Ha^'b n^MeipcHMH ROJiOHiaMH vb 
A^pHRi: ^TO HH roA^, to HOBut RojOHiaibHiifl CRaHAajTb, BcerAa ai^e- 
cTORii, HO 6ojibnieft ^acrbio h HejrbnuS no cpaBHeniK) co cvbsuxsL h 
pHCROBaHHuifH aBaHTffipaiiH RaRoro Hn6yAb ^(iceMcoHa. FoAa Asa xoicy 
HasBAX HHi npHHiJiocb 6uTb Ha saciAaHiH peflxcTara, oScyai^^aBmaro 
RoioHiaibHHft 6x>AseTb. 9to 6iuo jnodoHHTHoe saciA&Hie. ^enyraTb 



1 



72 PyCCEOE BOrATCTBO. 

Be6ej[B npuHOCB n co6od isfixjn zoueBum posors, niexeft, mmni;- 
pyreHOBTi mi> eosh nocoporoBi h SerenoTOBi h npo^ hejoia 

ErpymKH, EOTOpHMH B'B HtMei^HXl a^pHKaHCRHX'B KOJIOHiflX'b H^Mei^- 

KHVH ^HB^J^IBaTopatfK nacasjiaeTCfl esponeficBaa syiBTypa. Y' Rop- 
XEjia npaBJiOHia ctoajtb TOr^a RanpHBH, RaK'B HSBterao, oTHOCHBmiftefl 
CB CoshmEiFb CKenTHUjHSMOiTL B'B a^pHsaHCBHiTL CiarairB. Eicy npn- 
na^pesHTB HSBtcTHaa ({»pa8a o toitb, qTo 6oiBmaro Hec^acTifl nejoaa. 
6HZ0 6u npH^BHHTB repHamH, BaEi ecj[H6u BSATiiajrH noxapnTB et 
BCD A^pHKj, hie: n.%m> iieHBine A^psRH, TiirB 8;i;opoB'le jpa Tep- 
iiaHiH... n BOTB, Bor^a Ee6eJiB nojtoacHJTB noMflHyryio KOJueBnjn na 
CTojii pedxcTara, to no jihsj KaupHBH npoCisajia CojiisHeHHaa MffHa. 
To se qjBCTBO cTu^a saiiiTHO Ciuro CHa^aia h Ha Jurii;ax:B Aonyra- 
TOBi, H6 pi^nraBinHxcfl no^oftTfa K^ ctojej h toibbo hsi A^^K^pofiEo 
sarjiflAHBaBniHZ'B Ha 8th pi^^KiH <BemecTB6HHHa AOBasaTejTLCTBa*. 
Ho aapjiaMeHTCKaa shbhb hb inmeHa hIeotophx'b npoHBJieHifi hoxh- 
TH^eoBaro B^HHHSHa. IIoBTOKy GT) TeqenieiTB AeCaTOBi A^nyTaTEi, no- 
cTeneHHo cTpaxnyBi cb ce6fl jiHqnHy ctuajehbocth, na^ajiE TOJinHTBCfl 
i^iiBiMH rpynnaMH oeojeo cTOJia, ctb jH)tfonKrrcTBOirB pasrjuEANBaiH na- 
xoAfln^ecfl TaiTB npeAMeTH, ci acHBofi yjnifiBoii o6iitHHBaiHCB Bne- 
^axji'&HiHHH,— A'i^o, HaB0Heii;'B, Aomxo ao Toro, ^to ohh Ha^tajiH ;i;aace 
npofioBaTB j^pyrB Ha APyi* rHfiEOCTB h ynpyrocTB yBicHCiKixi Mere* 
nsi 6ereMOTOBoft eosh. SpijiHme, cnocodnoe begcth nMopECTHqecByK) 
CTpyn Bi Te^eHie AaieBO He DvopHCTH^ecEHX'B npoHifl: pl^ mia 
Tor^a noABEraxT) EaMepyHCEaro Eanqiepa Jleficxa. Bi cjrbAyK)Hie]rB 
TO]ij ne^aTB, noiHTHEa h o6in;ecTBeHHoe MHinie 6ujle noTpaceHH no- 
ABHraMH ;ipyraro EojioHiaiBHaro repoa — accecopa BexaHa. HaBoneiic^, 
Bi BTOVB ro;iy BunjouH Hapyxy EyjtBTypHHfl a^hih ^ejiosiEa^ no 
cpaBHeniH) cb BOTopuirB JleficTB h BeAani HOBEHHue arH^u h eo- 
Toparo cTopoHHHEH EOJioHiajiBHHX'B npoAnpiaTifi npH^EciHjiH yarB 6buo 
Kb JLEKj cBiTiuxi HCTopEqecEHX'B Aisneiek. 

Co BpeMeHE BepjHHOEofi EOH$epeH]i;iE (cb AeEa6pH 1884 no ^ob- 
paJiB 1885 roAa) HaEoropoft npeACTaBEiexE 17 napioHaJiBHOOTeS npn- 
3Eaj[E HesaBECEMOGTB FOcyAapcTBa KoHTo, — Ha^ajiacB EaEaa to ose- 
cToqeHHaa sas^a a^pEBaHCEHX'B BaBoeBanift. C'b ocofieHHoft saA- 
HocTBD Ha6pocEj[HCB Ha «HepHKS MaiepBE'B* $paHn;iH, HTaiia h 
repHaHifl, crpeHflCB no^^tssTB ero Mesj^y coSobo 6e3% ocraTEa. Bet 
nanepepBiB'B ejiajiecb B'B 6j[aropoACTB'& cboexi no6yacA6Hi&: 8T0*|[e 
c^acTBO ji,JiR ;i(HEapeft A^peee, ^to 6&iue ivijifi Enponn HOcyT^ e^ 
HEHi CBOD EyjiBxypy; Heo6xoAHMO hxi orpa^HTB otb rpa6eseft h 
BapBapcTBT) apafioBi, Heo6xoAHMO SamBXETB hxi otb hxi Go6cTBeH- 
EHxi xecTOEOcreS, Ha;^o exi nay^ETB setb no xpECTiaHCEE, no ne- 
jiOBtqecBE, EaK-B sEByTB 6^1116 jooAE Esponu... B'B HacroEHtee Bpemi 
jPE BCflEaro ECHO, TTO BO Bcixi BTHX'B Siaropo^Hux'B sasipeHiax'B 
oqeHB Maio npaB^n. HcropiE EOJioHHsai^iE nHcana EpoBBX) h cieaaHE. 
dra HCTopifl ecTB cnxomHafl ^'bnB secTOEOCTOfi h BapsapcTBi, patfcTsa 

'ejioB-bqecEoft 8Ecnj[oaTan;iE. He jijEEifl nerp'B BosBumaeTOfl ao ypoBHfl 



H31 rBPHAHIH. 73 

^i^aro eBpone9ii;a, a HanpoTHm, eBponeei^'B cTaHOBvrofl ^aoTO AHEa- 
peiTB; aioynoTpefijtflfl cpeACTBaHH CBoero HaxepiaibHaro opeBocxoACTBa, 
isaR'B opyacie, nyniRB, cnnprb, oniyiii e t. n., oh'b jirerKo onycKaeTca 
Ha KyjiBTypHyio ciyneHB ^epnaro neJOBiBa. 

lUsi 6h to hb 6iuo, ho ROJiOHiajiBHafl ropa^na, toiho dunjifima., 
oxBaTEBinafl Bi nocjrb^Bee AecflTHJiiTie OBponeficKifl rocyAapcTBa, as- 
HipBeTCfl cji!6;]yH)ii(HMfl ycnixaHH, AOCTHrHyruME saBoeBaTexBHUME, 

TOprOBHME fl npO'^ME EyTEHfl: 

HesaBHCHMoe rocyxapcTBO Kohto odHHuaerb . • 900.000 bbs^. (aHrx.) jchjib 

"^paHi^yBCKlfl BOJiOHiH > . . 1.900.000 

Hi&He^Rifl > >.. 940000 

JSTaxfcflHCKlJi > » . . 647.000 

nopTynpa^Gxifl » > . . 710000 

!I0jBHO-s$pHicaH. KOHn. . 750.000 

I^eHTpaiLH. a4>pHB. Bonn. 500000 

BocToimo-a(j()pxB. bomu. . 700.000 



Bcero . 6.947.000 BsaAP* (aHri.) vhsl 



Hac^ 3aHHiiai)TB, soEe^Ho, Hinei^BiE BiaAifliE bi A^psst. ?h- 
TaxojiB fiiaroBOJiHTB paeRpuTB Kapry A^phke e osi» yBBAETb cit- 
Ayiomie KJtoqRE a$pEEaflCKofi TeppHTopiE, ^nocraBEriecfl FepiiaBiH. 
RjEO^RE 8TE, BnpoHeHi, cBOBM'B npoTflseHleMi no^^acB npeBOcxo- 
jifiTb canyiD FepHaEiK), eo RaqecTBo exi se oqesB BscoEoe. Jifi^na, 
CTpaEu, H n]^2BA6 Bcero AflriiE, 6ujie meofo npe^^cHOTpETeJBHie stM- 
ii;eB'B, saxBaTEBi safiiaroBpeMeEso jiyqiniE seius e ocraBEBi fla jsfljno 
FepMaHlE HaEiieHio yA06EUfl. Rose^Eo, ecjiE BtpETb yTBep3E;][eBUiH'B 

ROJ[OEE3yE0niflX'L EapOAOBl, pyROBOAEiniHXCfl flR06H I](HBElE3aT0pCRfltfE 
E XpHGTiaBCREMfl MOTEBaME, TO HO BCO JIE paBHO, yA06siiIE Tt BOEJIS 

EXE wbvb: 6uj[fl fill ToiBRo TeMsue jdah, HysASLDn^eca bb cBint 
xpEGTiaHCTBa. Ho Hu rbrb paai xenepB nepesEBaeirB BpeHE xaRoro 
oacecTo^eHEaro RoiOEiajEBHaro conepEE^ecTBa pasJiE^DBEUxirocyAapcTBi, 
conepflE^ecTBa, BHSUBaoHaro K6Hito Bcero Ej^eaiECTEqecREHE coo6- 
paseBifltffl, — qTo o cyrE jifbjL^ He uoserB 6uTb AByxi Hsiflifi. 

EcjTE BsrjuiHyTb na Rapry A^pere^ ocodeHHO Ha ea nofiepesbfl, 
TO npe2R;^e Bcero nopasaemBCE, RaRi BecB MaTopER'B EcneE^poHB pas- 

H006pa8H£IMB RpaCRBME. HeBOJEBHO EpOACTaBIfleTCE, RaRB padJIfl^EHe 

Bapoji^Kt: aHriEqaEe, $paEi^3H, EcnaEi^u, ETaiBEHipi e np.— cTapa- 
JiECB saxBatflTB ce6i ctojibro bohjie e tbrofo RaqecTBa, RaRB 8to 

TOJIBRO 6hJ[0 B03MOSHO EpE EaJIflqHfilX'B 06CT0flTeiBCTBaX^. OTGK)Aa SBO 

noHETHo, qTO y 6ojAe paEHEx^ ROiosEsaTopoBB BaxBaqeHHua Teppn- 
TopiE HH^iDTB 601*1^6 ORpyrjGteHHufi xapaRTopi, Hes;^y t^mb RaRi> 
BeMjifl sanosAaBmEXB pacnoioseHH ;ipo6sKME ynacTRaME na a&- 
jeROMB pa3GT0EfliE ApyFB OTB ;Q)yra. 9to oco6eEEo saH'&Tflo na 
repMaECREXB BJia;^'6Eiflxi>: cfoepste ;ipyrEXB sa noGepesb'b ATiaBTE- 
qecRaro oReana aeacHTB o6jiacTB Toro Ha HeBOjBBEqBeHB fiepery; ^a- 
ifte cjiijij&rb EaMopyEB y saJiEsa Bia^pa; o6jiacTE ^anapa e Haifa- 



1 



74 PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

Rya 0TB mica $pio ^o jcrbfl OpanseBofi pira (3a HCKJEDHeHien Eh- 
TOBaro saiHBa, npBHa^esaiqaro aHrxenaHaiTL); 8th o6j[acTH cocraB- 
juwrb T. H. Deutsch-Slid-West-Afrika. Ecjra sariiTB oeorHem mucb 
^oGpHfi HaAesw h noABHHeHca qepesx TpaHCBaaJUb j^djcie Ha ciBepi, 
TO Bcrp'i^THM'L o6inHpHyi) leppHTopiH) HOBAajieK]^ otb BJi^inift 3aH- 
8H6apcKaro cyjixaHa. 9to t. h. Deutsch-Ost-Afrika, apena Eyjwyp- 
Hux^ noABBFOBi A'Pa neTepca. 

HsBicTHoe Toprofioe raM6yprcKoe o6mecTBO cEhrbarer EaafmanQ> 
nepBoe o6paTiijiocB bi 1884 roj^y Kh BHCMapsy ci npeAiosemeifB 
Bo;ipy3HTb H^MeiiKoe snanH Ha HeBOJiBHB?BeirB 6epery h rbirB ca- 
MUiTB noiosHTB Ha^ajto repMaHCEoS KojiomajcBHoi hoiethkh. RonaH- 
AHpy BOOHHaro Kopa6j[fl «Co$ifl> h' EdBicTHoicy nyTemecTBeHHHsy 
HaxTHraii), HasnaqeHHOMy Baocj[^;i;cTBiH renepajiBHUM'B KOHcyxoifB, 
yitaaocB BCKop* hoa'ihhhtb SHaHHtejiBHyH) ^acTB ofiiacTH Toro rep- 
MaHCRoMy npoTeRTopaTy. OfijiacTB, AOCxaBinaacfl repuaHCROH HviiepiH, 
saHHMaerB 6eperoByK) zanw npB6iH30TejBHo b-b 15 mhjb b'b jifiZRj. 
Haxo^^flH^iftcfl y HeHH no;:^ pyRanE ro^OBOfl orqerB o coctohhIh wb- 
Hei^REXB ROioHift Bi A^HR'b H ABCTpajiH (IIpHj[oaKeHie El Deutsches 
Kolonialblatt aa 1896) OTurbqaerb yriniHTejcBHiie pesyiBxaTU onu- 
TOBi nxaHTaiiift vh Toro. Bt> dTETb njaHraniflxi h ca^axi npoHspa- 
rxaBTB nepei^'B, hhahto, xjionqaTHHE'B, naiBKU, aHanacEi, 6aHaHH b 
aneucBHHHfl j^epoBBH. Ha nosflX'B TysoMi^u paBBo^HTB MaEC^ h 
KaccaBy. OrqerB HacHHTUBaerB CBume 70 HSciiAOBaHSHX^ ^o chxi . 
nopi» TyseuHHX'B Qocejiemfi ci HacejenieirB npH6j[H8HTej[BHO vb 15,000 
Aymi. EBponefii];eBX TaM'B Bcero 88 ^eiOB^Ri: 79 HiMi^^B'B, 6 $paH- 
ixysoBi* H 3 anrjiHTOHB. Cjiixjevb hmItb b'b BHAy, ^rro 6oj[BmEHCTBO 
eaponefli^eB'B bxoj^htb b% cocraBi 2^MHHH0Tpai9B, mhccIh, BoenHot 
ROHaHAU. OxqepB xotb h omtqaerB pocrB jfEpnaro pacnoioaBeHiff ry- 

86111^681, T^M^ He MOHio H BB OTqeTHOUl FO^y npEXO^HJIOCB HBO^HO- 

KpaiHO ycMHpflTB H npHHHpflTB ccopfl^^flCH H 6yHTyx)iiufl meyeHa. 
EcjiH cpaBHHTeiBHO 6oraTufi Rpaft npHBieEi xasi Majio oBponefii^eBiy 
TO npHqHHa TOHy jiesHTB B'B RpafiHe hosaopobom'b siHuaxi, A'^^jEaDn^evB 
BosMosHBiiTB iHoiB BpeHOHHoe opeGBiBaHie B'B Toro. 

HtcROJiBKo iDSHle ToFO AiJiaHTHHecEift oEoaHB, o6pa3yH aaiBB^B 
Bia^pa, rjiyfioEO BpisuBaexcH bo BHyrpB xeiiHaro MaxepHEa. JIpoxHB'B 
ocxpoBa $epHaHAO-no'noAUMaxBCfl y cavaro Qo6epesBfl Moryqaa Bep- 
lUBHa KaMepyna, orb Eoxopofi HOBAajieEi oxEpHBaexca mnpoEoe ycxBO 
p'bRH xoro se HveHH. Ha 6oj[Oxhctbix'b HHSHHaxi p'&'iHoft j^eaTVL 
pacxBxejfBHocxB Epafiee y6ora. Ho Bume yoxBH p'bEa CByacHBaexcH, en 
depera nospHBaDxca naiBMaicH, MaflrpoBUVH A^peBBflMH n pocEom- 
HUMH rpyanaHH nHsanroBUXi h 6aHaH0BurB oxaHxaioft. BoraxoxBy 
pacxHxejiBHocTH axoro Epan cooxBixcxByerB h paanootipaaie lEHBoxHaro 
AapcxBa. Ho xoti> ace 6htb, ^to vb Toro, a^xi ce6a ^BCXBOBaxB n 
FB KaiiepyHi: secxoEit, Epatne HesAopoBuft KiHMaxB jtiuerB co- 
BepmeHHo HeBOSHOsHoi) npaBHJtBHyn soJ[OHH3a^iD. H8i» xixi ffi- 

CHTEOB'B XUCHTB Htm^BBl, ^XO eserO^HO HOEHjiiaDrB oxe^ecTBo, 8a 



H31 rBPHAHIH. 75 

i^tanxt 10 — 12 jAtb cymecTBOBaHiH KaMepyHCKoft koiohIh e^sa noj- 
Topii GOTHH Ha6pajiocB Bi KaMepjHi. B'h j[H>6oii]UTHoft Ta6jHii;t ot- 
^era yRasaso 157 sivi^eB^, ocTaiBHue 73 eaponeHi^a pacnpeAi^flioTCfl 
HeaRAj 9 APyrHMH Haii^ioHajtBHocTflHH; B'h dTowb midjA nici^eTCfl h xpoe 
pyccKoxi, ;^Boe hs'b HHXt — MHccioHepib ct cynpyroio, y TpeTMro pyc- 
cKaro saHfiTie ne ysasaHo. Mu BEjijiWh ji^ajrbe, mio h btotb cpaBHH- 
xeiBHO HHqioacHHfi cocraBi 6ij[aro HacaieHifl 6ojr]te ^iMi Ha noio- 

BHHy H3MtHEJ[Gfl CpaBHflT6Jn>H0 CB npO^'BHAymHlTB rOAOlTB. 143 HOIO- 

BiKa HOBUfX'B oBponeti^eBi iiph6hj[0 ciDAa,^oj^BH'B nyresTB poa^ems; 
144 ^eioB^Ka j6ujL0 OTcn^^a, — 14 yHepjio. PasiH^HiiA ^^opiiu jietxo- 
pa^KH o6ycj[OBJ[HBaK>TB C060H) TaRyD nepoTacoBRy b'b HacejieHin. CA- 
jsjevh H B^ntcB hm4tb B'B Bi^y, ^TO noAaBiaromee Cojibiiihhctbo 6*- 
Jiraro HaceieHiA npHXOAHTca Ha j^ojoo aAMEHHcxpaipH, BoeHHOft RonaHAH 

H MHGCiOHepOB'B; TOprOBBEfi H pa6oqift JEDA'B HacqHTIIBaeTB He nOJIHUX'B 

ABa j^ecHTRa. 

B'B seMJiflX'B ^aHapa h HaiiaRya, jresan^nx'B R'b nry otb 9RBa- 
Topa, HiMipi pascqBTUBaJW HafixH (SjaroAaTHyio crpany. Ho h sjs.iGh 
AajieRo He noBCDAy HoxerB npo^epsaTBca eBponeftcRiS ROJEOHHdaTop'B, 
H sj^cB Ropn^meBue repepo ci sejiTUHH roTreHToraMH He MoryrB 
yHflTBca OTB secTORoft (3opb6h Mes^y 006010 HS'B-aa CRyjunaro nponH- 
laHiH. 3a'&cb npHxoAHTCH yse co^epsaTB BoeHHyi) KOMaHAy b^ ii;t- 
jiwi'h 540 ^OJiofiiR'B, CB ROTopuMH BB oponijioirB FOAy Cum coBep- 
menu noxo^u npoxHS'B RayacrB-rorreHTOTOB'B h jipjrEX.'b necnoRoftHHX'B 
Tysem^eB'B. 

RojioHiajiBHUfl saBOOBaniH wb 3ana;i;H0tt A^pHR'b 6ujih bi cyn^no- 
CTH npiotipiTeHiflKH yse panie cyn^ecTBOBaBmnx'B n^HeiiRQX'B noceie- 
HiJl H ToproBux'B $aRTopift. Uemjij tIitb somjih Bocxo^Hoft A^pBSH 
6HJIH A06UTU c^e^iaJ[BHofl BRcneAHiueft, cnapaaRenHoft ROJioniaiBHHirB 
HttfeiQenifB o6niecTBO]fB Ha qacTHHH cpe^^crsa h coBepmeHHoS no;^ 
rjiaBHUiTB pyROBOACTBOM'B ffrP^ neTepca b'b 1884 — 85 r. IlyreM'B ao* 

rOBOpOBl CB paSHIlMH TyseHilMH RHflSBRaUH B^ HOflBSy ROJIOHiaiBHarO 

o6ii;ecTBa nepemjH bohje yoarapa, Hrypy, YcerBa h YsaMH, saRiD- 
HaH)nvH B% ce6i ;^o 3,000 rb. m. B'b 1885 r. repHancRoe npaBHxeiB- 
CTBO pacnpocxpaHEJio na dXH somje cboS npoxeRTopaTB, cooGii^hb'b 
o&b BTOM'B eBponeficRHMi ^epsaBaiTB h sansHtfapcROMy cyirany. IIo- 
cxiAHift npoTecTOBaji'B 61110 cnaqaia npoTHB'B npHTflsanifi HlHi^eB'B, 
HO Ror^a y SaHsnOapa HORasaiacB repHaHCRaa acRaApa, to cyjrraH'B 
oTRasajica otb npoxecTa h npHSHajTB repHaHCRii nporeRToparB ho 
T02BR0 HaAT) ynoMflHyTBOiH seuiHHH, HO H HajTB BjaAiHiHHH oyjrraHa 
Bnry (seiun GyareiH), yciynjeHHiiini en^e paHBme H'bMeipLOft Topro- 
Bofl $HpMt 6paTBeB'B ^eMrapATB. Bnocj'&ACTBin cyjirani SaHsnfiapa 
npeAocxaBHJTB FepMaHiH h cBo6oAHoe nojn»30BaHie raBaHBD ^p'B*9c* 
Caiaua. 

Bb Hacroflmee BpeiiH, uogA 12 jtItb BjiaAiniH BTOi ROJioniet, 
MS HaxoAHMX baIcb, corjiacHO noMflHyroMy oiqeiy, cb nefiojiBinHM'B 
500 AJflTB eBponefii^eB'B. Otb hhx'b orojto AByx'B Tpereft npHXOAHTCfl 



76 VYCCBM BOFATCIBO. 

Ha jsfism niMUfiWb, fb HHCxft aptthtb HaI^OHalBHocTet vh oT^erk 
3Ha^HTCi[ H o^^Hii pjccKlft, cjiysaii^t Ha crpoDmeficfl xaiTB aseite- 
H0& /Jiopori. Kpaflne HediaronpiHTHUH uHHaTsqecKiH yciosiH h Bjsjbusb 
He AaDT& ysHTBCfl 6ijiOHy neioBiKj. Maiapin, ^seHtepiH, ocneHmui 
ennjieidH cocTasjuiiDrb sa^b rope ho toxbko 6iiaro, ho h TyseiiHaro * 
HaceieniH. 

Bo BpeMfl nocjrijs,KBTb KOioniajiBHHXi Ao^aTOBib 8aBiA7x>n^ift eo- 
jioHiajiBHiiM'B OTA'&JEemeM'B b'b HEHncrepcTBi HHOcrpaBHiix'B jtfbrb x-p^ 
Kafiaep'B iniTajicfl Ha6pocaTB no bosmoxhogth djiaronpiHTHyi) EaprHHy 
Hinei^Earo KOioHia^BHaro onura bb A^pHRi. Hsi ero HsioaseEifl 

HBCTB0Baj[0, TTO COBOKyilHafl TOpPOBJIH B'B H^MeipCHrB KOlOHlflX'B ^0- 

cTHraerB renepB 30 h huIohobi MapoRX, HSib BOTopuxi 10 muu. npH- 
xoAHTCH Ha AOJiD Hiiiei^Baro TaHOsennaro pafiona. B'B pasxEqHHX'B 
oOiacTflX'B bocto^hoS A^psKH o6pa30BaiHCB o6n^ecTBa ]i,is pasBe^^e- 
Hifl ^J[aHTa^ift cb BanBTaioiTB bi 5— 7 mhju, m. Bojii^e MBJuioHa 
Ko^efinuxx AepeBBeBi tenepB vb hojihomb i^BtTy. Bi KaMepyKCKoii 
KoioHiH Bi nocjrbAHeiTB ro^y Ao6utd 6wlo 60 i^eHTHepoBii TaSasy, 
cBfiime 2,000 B;eHTHepoBT> saRao. Bb niMei^KHxx eoiohihx'b co^cep- 
saTCH TenepB na Hiuei^bifl cpoACTBa 11 mKoii, bx KoropBixii Tyseiflpi 
ofiynaDTCfi HtMeuiKofi nayRt. Hhcio xpnomHCRHXi HHCcioHepoBi po- 
creTB CB KdiTRjsjiniiM vojipwb: ne MOHie 19 npoTecraHTCRBXB h Raio- 
JB^ccRHX'B oSn^ecTBB ornpaBJtHDTB TenepB cbod hhccIk)... 

dXEVB HeCOHHiHHO OTpaXHUHl ^aRTaH'B CI'^AyeTB OAHaRO npOTHBO- 

nocTaBHTB, ^To 300 MHJU. yRasaHHaro o6^^a^o o6opoTa ToproBJiH o6xo- 
AflTCfl eaeroAHO bi 11 mhjtji. u. cy6cHAiH hs'B rocy;^apcTBeHHUX% 
cpeACTBi. B'B o6n^eM'B rocyAapcTBeHnaa cy6cHAiA Hl]le^RHlrB roxo- 
HiflM^ 3a BpeMfl jDii> cyn^ecxBOBaHia xooTHrjia cyMHU cBiime 50 hhju. 
MapoRi. KoxoHiajBHoe xosh&ctbo jifi chxb nopi coBepmenno ne bb 
CHxax'B fiujio o6ofiTHCB 6e3i rocyAapcTBeHHofl noHomn. Cy^H se no 
TOMy, ^To cyficHAifl hs'B ro^a B'B ro^i* pacrerB (laR^ B'B Deutsch- 
Ostafrika bm4cto 3.750,000 m. nponuiaro roj^a bt> btomi ro^y noipe- 
CoBaxocB yae 4.350.000 m.), to CHcreii* cyCcB^it en^e ne CRopo 
npeABHAHTCfl E0Hen;B. Pa3Haro po^a peBHHTexH RoxoHiaiBHofi noxH- 
THKH nycRaxHCB B'B A$pHRi BO BceB03M0»H£ifl aBaHXE)pH, nporapaiH 
TauB H Bce CB 6oxBmeft h 6oxBnieA nacTofi^HBocTBD oSpan^axncB Ri 
noMO^E RasHU. Bo rxasi Hineiqcaro RoxoHiaxBHaro o6mecTBa ctohtb 
Taxifl BxiflTexBHUfl nepcoHU, Ras'b rhasb ForeExoa-JIaHreHfiyprB, rep- 
norB AxBOpexTB MeRxenfiyprcEifi, rpa^-B ApHHiTB h ^p. H bb ca- 
Moui» peftxcTari chabtb ne iieHie Moryn^ecTBeHHue pesHHTexK. He 
yAHBHTexBHo no9TOMy, ^To RoxoHiaxBHoe B4;^0MCTB0 He MoaceTB p4- 
niHTBCH Ha onno3Hiqx) ji^sxe h Tor^a, Ror^a j6i3Kfl,eE0 vb Heii,txe- 
coo6pa3HOCTH Tpe6yeHUXB 3aTpaTB. KanpEBH, cBOei HSBioTHOi 4[»pa- 
30h: q^MB HeHBmo A^pHEH, rbM'B xy^me js,m FepMaHiH, — h TenepB 
en^e Bii3UBaerB 3y6oBHUfi cRpeacerB y a^pHRancRnxB naxpioTOBi. 
Ho RaRi) ace 6utb nnaqe 8thmi naTpioxaHB? Cbohx'b cpexcTBi y hhx'b 
HejtocraTO^HO, cBtacU co cropoHU ne npHxeRaeTB. TaR'B, nanp., vk- 



E8% PBPKAHIH. 77 

Heii;K06 BOOTOWo-a^pHEaHCRoe ofin^ecTfio HaKaHyHi 6aHKpoTCTBa. Mes^y 
TiiTb Fb BOCTO^Hoit A$pHK6 HOGflTCfl TenopB Cl> DpOeRTOlTb D^eHTpajnbHO- 
a^pHKancKot seiiaflo-AoposHofi jiHEis, j^u KOTopott ato ofimecTBo 
Aaen> otb ce6fl j[HinB 100.000 Kaposi, pacwmBaa jiBBHEyn aojih) 
noTpeCHHX'B jnenerB ^^ociaiB y;^0B4pTOBHX^ cooTe^ecTBeHHHKOBi» ny- 
TeHi 3aftHa h rocyj^apcTBeEHOft rapaHTiE. To oficroETOJiBCTBO, qxo ro- 
jorosiaiBsus EiMe^Rifl o6niecTBa crpaj^aEyrL xpoflSHecREHi» Ee;i;ocTaT- 
ROiTB cpeACTB'L, yRasiiBaeTB fla spaflse He^^ocTaTO^Hyn nonyjapEocTB 
ROJiosiajiBsoft nojiHTERE wb EiflpoREXi esoflXB flapo;i;a. TpyjJ^ npE^TE 
BB BOCToprB vh BEjij TOFO $aRTa, ^0 coTflfl Tucflq'B Eapo^a EAyrB 
eaceroAHO 3a nope bb AHepERy, Heac^y xiirb RaRi h TEicdqa Ayni'B 
se safipaiocB aa 12 lixB bo Bcixi a^psRascREXB H^HeipcKX'B rojio- 
EiflXB. EaxAos H3ib arofi THca^E jsjwb o6xoAETCfl rocf^apCTBy ese- 
roASO B'B 11.000 MapoRi (11 mejije. h. cy6cE;pE). A hto bbobhtce bb 
A^pERy mT> repHafliH? Eora pa3o6paTBCfl bb rtxi 10 hajta., ^to> 
no MEisin Kafisepa, npflxo;{flTca sa aojik) repMascRaro BBOsa^ to 
ORasoTCE, ^To Bce 8T0 npeAveTu noTpefisHe j{m caMEXB E'bifeiiRHX'B 
rojioeectobb: hhbo, beeo, nopoxi, opysie, mujio, npEBa;(iesEocTH 
aiiysfli^is ji^a. Boessoft e CTaxcROfl aAMEEEcrpaniiE. 

Hto RacaeTCfl BsiBoaa bbb a^pERascRHXB ROJiosift, to owh TaRsce 
Eo npeACTaBJrEercfl ocofiesBo ]CHoroo6tniaioniflM'B. Ebb BocroqHott 

AMPERE BB 1894 r. 6UJrB OqeSB dEaqETeJTBEUfi BUBOSB CIOEOBOt 

. ROCTE. Ho 8T0 6hj[0 cjiyqafiBOO EBjesie, B£i3BaEHoe 6e3noRoficTBaME 
BB KoEro, EanpaBEBEiEiai TpaflcnopTU cjeoeoboS rocte qepesi si- 
Hei^Rie Epe;^£i. Ci Boe 6oABmEH'^ npoEEREOBeEieirB bb rjyfiB A^pbre 
sanacii cjioeoboe rocte 6y;^yTB Boo6n^e yfinBaTB, a npspocTB cjiosobb 
gyAOTB saHiTflo coRpannaTBCfl. EBkjsjkamch 6wio Ea sojioTue py;isERE 
BB Deutsch-Ostafrika, eo 8tehb iieqTaEiEMB e caHB A'P'b IleTepcrB 
Ee npEAaerB EERaRoro ssaqeEiE. TaRse irajio SEaqefliE npEAaerb 
owb E Ta6a^EHirB njiaErai^JorB BocTOHEO-a^pHRascRofl rojoeIe. 

En^e AO Toro, RaRi Tenepenisifl seujiE bb Dro-sanaAEOft A4>pBR& 
nepemjiH bo BJiaA'i^ie repnaECROft EHnepis, B'B dseux'b qacxEXB 
BTofi ofiiacTE Bfla^ETejtBBue yqacTEE bqvlse npEs^iesaJiEasrjdficROMy 
CEEAHRaTy. AsnificRie rojiosectee oc^^e bb bthxb H'bcrax'B yace sa 
CTOJiBRo npoqso, qxo ElMOi^Rie npflmeJiBmi e ^yvaTB se cwbm BKcupo- 
npiEpoBaTB aflrjrilicRia BJiaAtEiK, ocsoBaEEHE Ea pasEHXB j^oroBopaxB 

CB TySeilEUME REESBRaHE. HaupOTEBB TOFO, I9«E0-a(j[)pERaSCR0e RO- 

jiOEiajibsoe o6n^ecTBO yBEA^Jio ce64 BSEyacAesEBacB boAte B'B coraar 
mefiie o'b aErjiiMcREMB cEB^flRaTOMB no npoBeAeBiio ^oporB Wb vb- 
neqROfi oSxacTE, no ycTpoMcTBy rasaEeft e np. Stid-Westafrika EirboTB 
opoTflaceflie npflOjiflasT&iBEoe bb 2,000 RHJiOMeTpoBB. Hscjit/^oBaTB 
TaRyio o6jiacTB npeAcraBJuieTB eb naxo TpyAsocrefi, oco6esEo ecjiE 
perjraifeETai^iE no BTOHy noBO^y ecxoaetb ebb BepiEEa. Mes^y t^mi 
asrjEBqaEe yse ES^aBEa EMtK)TB TBep;(yK> xoqRy onopu j^a. Tairom- 
EEXB CBOEXB saHEEaEifi B'B KaDJiasAi. Bb noECRaxB 3a paBsaro po^a 
coRpoBsiii;auE Erbveiprie rojcobegth saTRHyjECB Ea RaRyio to Eeonpe- 



1 



78 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

A^eHHyD Maccy, nozosyD Ha rpflSHutt MopcKoft necoKi. Bi cboomi 
HeB'kA'^HiH OHH He HamjiH dTy rpflsnyK) Haccy AocxofiHOft BHnMaHifl. 
MesAy TiHT» offiWh KanxaHACKift aHriH^anHHi oGpaTHjicH si dsho- 
a^pHKaHCKOiiy HiiieQKOMy oG^ecTBy ci npej!^oseHieMi> c^aTb eiry na 
H'bcsojUkSO jrirb aKcmyaTaipi) erofi caHoft rpflan. OfimecxBO oOpa^o- 
BajiocB npeAJioseHix) h sasoHrpaRTOBajro ce6fl sa mhofo lirb. rpasb 
ara oRasajtaob HH^iirB hhumi KaKb EBBtcTHEorB poAOitb ryaHO (t. h. 
Felsenguano) h a]irj[HqaHHHi> A^aerB npeKpacHUA A^a. HajH'i- 
HOGTB ryano bi> aioft HicTHOCTH He ofiesne^eHa OAHaso Ha BcerAam- 
Hjfl Bpenena. 

OaHHI H3l HiireilRHXl ROlOHHCTOB'b, HiBift FepMaHli, HiCROJD^BO 

xbTh TOMy HasaAi saiiaJi'B 6uio bi> Stld-West-Afrika BeHjeAiiBqecsoe 
xodflficTBo Hvo^eHB nraposHX'B na^^aiaxi. XoaaficxBO, saKi ytBeps- 
AaDTB, o6inw[o nofiTH o^eHB xopofflo, ho 6sio, vh cosaiiHiD, pas- 
pymeHO BsfiyHTOBaBniHMCfl KHAdBROirb reHApHEOMi> BHT6e&. 3to 61UO 
Boofin^e secToxoe Bpeva yrpo3i» co cropoHu njeiieHH Tepepo. 

Ob BTofi KoioHiefi npoAoisaDrb riwb ne Mente CBflauBaxB c6jr»- 

OKO-XOSfliCTBeHHBIH ntkflfiSijm, XOTH AJKH 8T0& U^K HO BC^Hl CflfhjLaSi' 
BUJTB OHilTaMli HOAXOAHTB JIBHIb HisOTOpUe y^IBCTKH BOlOHiH. ?T06u 

ci> H'&KOTopHMii ycuixoirB BecTH ceJiBCBoe i03HficTB0, ^epica He aoxssa 
6uTB Meffle 30 — 40,000 MoprenoBi. 3to, jcoHeiHO, ycyioaie aoboibho 
HcsjnDureJBHaro cBoftoiBa, o6i^cHHDii^eeoa xapaKTepoMi no'iBii h 
npesA^ Bcero HOAOcraTO^HUirB opomeHieMi. TenepB o6pa30BaiocB 
^acTHoe o6mecTBo, Hir&Dn^ee bi BH^y cosAaHie pasnuxi cnoco6oBi> 
HCEyccTBeHEaro opomeniH. Bi 6iDAaBeTi axoi BoioHiH sa nacroHiaift 
roA'B BHaiHTCH jiflz opocHTejiBHuxi> i^eft 20,000 MapoK'B rocyAap- 
cTBeHHOft cyficHAiH. Ho AJiH opomeHiH bthxi necqaHUXi> cieneft ne- 
AocraTO'^HO aoohtkob'b tuchtb. Bi FepMaHiH HirbeTCH ocofiuft cheah- 
KaTb A^H KOJEOHMsaipH Dro-saHaAHoft A^^pHEE. droMy CHSAHEaTy npa- 
BBTeiBCTBo EOAapsJio 300,000 MopreHOBi aeiciE b6jie3e BsHAroeEa. 
CHHAEsarB OTB cetifl npoAaerB y^acTEE nepeceieai^airB ao 50n$eHH. 
HIE no 1 Hapsi sa MopreHi*. H'bcEoiBso jrbrB Tony naaaA^, EorAa 

CpeAH HtlO^eBl H6 HBIflJEOCB HE OXOIEXI EaHEXaiOBl, EE OXOTEEEOBl-' 

nepeoexeEAeBi, cEEAEEarB pacnpocrpasETB npocneErb bi AETJdE e, 
El 6oiBniOMy orop^eEin naxpiOTOBi, npErjiamai'L anrjuflcEie EanHraxu 
AJifl cexBCEo-xosflficTBeHHUx'B npeAnpifliift fb HiHeipu)ft A^pHst- H 
Ti HeMHorle Hineipde nepecejienipi, Eoropue nonus xyAa ECEaxB 
c^acTBfl Bi Ea?ecTB!b xii6onamii,eB'B, secroEo otiManyiECB bi cboexi 

OSKHAaHlEXl. nOTTH BCi OEE SaTiVB oGpaTEJLECB El TOpFOBJi, El 

rapHESOEHoft cjiysOiy ei EBBossoMy npoMUCJ[y h t. n. A'^ftcTBEreiB- 
Eafl EOJiOEEsaiiiOEEafl a^6J[bhoctb OEasaiacB HeBosMOSsoS. 

^fl napriE EaTOjmqecxaro i^esrpa^ npEcoeAEEEBmarocE bi sojior 

SiaJBBOft nOJIETEEi EHfl3fl BHCMapEa, pyEOBOASniEME MOTEBaME CAy- 

sejib: pacnpccrpaHeflie xpEcriaHCTBa e ynpasAnesie paScrsa bi 
A<j^pEE'fc. KaEi njioxo a'^a oGctoetb bi btomi nocjitAHem OTHome- 
HiH, TOMy cjysHTB AOEasaTejOiCTBorB laEOft 6e3npECTpacTHUfi roioci, 



H8'B rEPMAHIH. 79 

KaKoft HH EdJiojmwb Wb jijxoBKOWb vjipESkiA tCbristliche Welt». «He 

nOAJieSHTB COMHtHiD, — ^rOBOpHTCfl KB OKBOWb H31> UOCSfkj^KJSTh HyMO- 

povB 8Toro sypHaia, — ^to xoproBJifl pa6aia[ bi BocroqHofi A^psKt 
H3'B HenocpeACTBeHHaro coci^cTBa cl HinoipiHHH 6eperoBHHH njHK- 
Tann nepeHecena h-I^ckojibso A&Ai»me ki Ileiifii n 3aH8H6apy. He no- 
Hie 5 — 6,000 pa6oB7> HarpysaerCfl sa^cb Ha Eopa6m. HecoMHlHHO 
;^aiie, ^to ToproBi^ii pa6aMH nojiBsyDTca yoiyraMH cy^osB bocto^ho- 
a^pHKancsufi (HiM6^Rofi) jkhhIh^ nepoBOSH na jLhTOTsavb ycjoBiHX'B 
pa5oBi HSB oAHoro iiicTa vb APT^oe. HecoMHinno AduAe^ ^o wb- 
Meii,sie ciyacanUe A^psarB AonaniHHX'B pa6oBi, a patfjuHHMH nojrbsy- 
DTca EaKi senaHH, soTopBix'B npn OTBisAi hs'b rhTb spaeBi nepe- 
AaDTB Bi nojEBsoBaHie cbohtb 8aMicTHTejiefl». 

CorjiacHO Tpe6oBaHii> 6pi)ccejiBCK0H npoTHBOHeBOJ[BHHqecKO& eoh- 
4»epeHi];iH 1890 r., vb nocJiiAHee speiifl 6ujn> sa^cb BupafioTani sa- 
soHonpoeKTB, sapaK)npn noxnnieHie h ToproBJiD pa6aMH. Kasi noKa- 
sajTB OHHTB, TaROPo poAa 3aR0H'B He B'B cocTOflHiH AOCTHrHyTB npex- 
noioseHHoS i^tiH. HicKoiBso BpeMenn Tony naaaAi H^v^ijiaJio MHoro 
myiiy nHao raM6yprcsHX'B Kyni^oBi Beifiepa h Bpoiia, a Tasse h8- 
BicTHaro Kopa6eiBHaro Tysa BepHasa, npoHSBOABBmnxi ToproBSH 
onepaiuH pafiaHH noAi* bhaoitb nocpeAHH'iecTBa bb AOcraBRt pa6o?HZ'B 
CEJTB. Bb 8aEOHonpoeKTb roBopnjocB toibso o noxnn^eHiH e ToproBJcb 
pa6aHH, HO A^psaHie pa6oBi bi sa^ecTBi AOMamHHX'B cjiyrB ocraBa- 
locB BHi Eapu. no8TOMy eBponeei^'B MOserB HMtiB vh OBoeirB ycjiy- 
semH pa6oBi; to^ho xasse o6jaAaTej[B asBicTHaro xoiH^ecTBa pa* 
fioBi* HosexB patioraxB na eBponefiKa. Bi btom'b cjiy^ai pa6cTB0 no- 
cxynaerB na cjiyas6y lasB nasBiBaeiioft eBponeflcEon nyjEBTypt h Ta- 
EHiTB oGpasoifB A^iskOTCfl npeAMeTOiTB ropasAO 6ojile desnoHMiAHofi 
8Ecnj[yaTaqui, ^Iitb bb cBoeMi HaTypajKBHOMi bha^: pa&B craHOBHTCH 
npoHSBOAHTeJieifB lOBapoBi. 

3AicB ECTaTH GyAeiB enie npHBecxH apT^T^ saio6y xpHcriaHCSHX'B 
MHCcioHepOBB, a HMeHHO: KpaftHe o6H2BHuft npHBoai h8i» Espoini 
cngpTHuxi HaHHTEOFB. 0Ea3UBaexcfl, ^TO aioTB npoAyETi oocraB- 
JULOTB o^eHB oyn;ecTBeHHB[ft npeAMeTB BBosa, h ipeMei^, Tpara na 
corHeHHyD BOAy» cboh cpeACTBa, ne HMierB yse 6ojrbe norpefiHOciH 
vh ApyrHxi TOBapaxi. B'B 1891 r. B'B KaiiepyHB 6£uo BBeBeno hA- 
Me^Ea^o cnnpTa na 539,000 MapoE'B, bb 1892 r. — na 550,000 h., 
B'B 1893 r. — Ha 583;000 m., B'B 1894 r. — Ha 981,000 m., 
B'B Toro 6iiio BBeseno bx 1894 r. Htneipuu'o cnnpTa na 
676,000 M.— 30% Bcero BBOsa. Bbo8b cnHpra AOCTaBUOTB, npaBA^ 
Eaani dHa^HiejiBHyi) cyimy nonuHHEaro c6opa, ho h Tyseii- 
Hoe HaceieHie otb nero hophakom'b caxaHterB. mwb Bume 
nonuHHa, liitB Cosie EpinEifl cnnprB crapanxcfl npzBOSHTB Eympi. 
SartiTB, no ic&pi nepesosEH ero bb rjiyCB CTpann, e'b neiiy noAni- 
mHBaioTB BOAy hsb Bctx'B nonyxHBEX'B ptiesi h Jiaryni. KoiH^eciBO 
cnnpra, BBosHuaro hs'b TepifaHiH B'B ea a^pHEaHCsk soiohIh, h3m£- 

pflSTCH CpCAHHlfB HHCJIOMB 5 MHJUL. MapOEB. PaHBHie lyAa BB03HJI0CB 



80 pyccKOE BorATcrrBO. 

He Majso E pyccKaro cnnpTa, ho oi BBeAenieMi suBosHOft npeidH, 
BomeAinett vb CHJiy 1-ro anptjH 1895 r.^ pyccdt cnHprB 6ui'b osoh- 
^aTBABHO BUTicHeH'B H31 o6opoTa. 

^yxoseHGTBo sROicyeTOfl en^e na nponaraHAj loro HH^Hifly qio ne 
xpHcriancTBO, a ncjiairb npeAcraBjaercfl noAxo;^n^6ft pejiariefi au 
HaceieHiH A^phkb; oho nporecTyoT'B jsfinie npoiHBi nonHioK'b 
noAAepSHBaTB MaroueTaHCKifl mKom ex noMon(UD saseHHuxi cpoACTBi. 
OnuTB anrjH^aH'b, HopTjraiBi^eBi h js;p. KOJiOHiaiBHUxi crpaHi no- 
KasfiiBaerb o^HaKO, vro ohh ho ocraHaBJiHBaiHCB h nepe^'B TasHMH 
M^lpaiiE, ecjm Toro TpefioBaiH HHxepecH xosHAcTBeHHaro npeycntflHui 
kojioHift. 

Hsi npHBeAeHHUXi ba^cb spafiHe otphbohhux'b OBt^iHift o Cojrie 
vbuph AOCHTHJiTHOirB KOJCOHiaiBHoiTB onuTt Hiifii;eBi» BEjs,EOy Tro Fep- 
ManiH AOcraiflCB bx TevHofi ^acTH cB^Ta bohjib, kotopeuch Ooiie 
onuTHue RoioHHsaTopH A^pHKH npeHe6perj[H. Bi bthxii zeusBTb ci> 
ropeiTB nonojiaui hosho bocth TOproBxx), pasBOAHTB IIJraHTa^iH; j^ssi 
npaBHJiBHoft se EOioHHsai^iH oni ee iipHro;i;EH. Heeto ne OTpEi^aerB, 

VtO XOBflftCTBO Vb SOJrOHlHX'B BOJlOeB ffO CHX'B EOpi «{epedT» nOHB-EOJIOAy. 

Ho ojsfiE BEAflTB Vb BTOifB BpeMesHoe, npexoAflEKee HBJieEie, Apyne 

OTpHI^aiOTB 8a a^pERaECKEME KOJIOHiflME BCHKyD 6yAyn^H0GTB^ TpOTBE 
HaROSei^'B npOTEBBTCa ROIOfliaJIBHUU'B Ha^HHaElHirL, HOTOHy TTO BE- 

AurB wb HExi Aoporo OTOK)n][ift cnoprB, oTBieRaioiiUit cpe^cTBa e bee- 
MBHie orB HacymHHXB Eyafli co6cTBeHEaro oieqecTBa vb cTopony ;^y- 

TBIX-B BOeHHO-naTpiOTHqeCREX'B aBaHTDpiu 3X0 0nO03EQi0HE0e Rl ROJIO- 

HiajBHinrB a^epairB oTHomeHie pa3;^HerB noBEAfluoMy snaqETOJiBsaE 
qacTB Htnei^Raro Hapo^a, no cROJBRy nocjrbAEift EHTepecyexcfl o6iue- 
CTBeeHuicE j^avH. A xyrB en^e na 6bjij ApysBfliTB ROJioHift qio ee 
roA'B, TO HOBHft a^pERaHCRlft cRaHAaJTB, noAiflBaH)iii;ift CBtsee Macio 
Vb oroHB npoTEByROJTOHiajiBHofi onnodEi^iE. fl ofiofiAT B^tcB no;q[>o6- 
flOCTE Efli^AeHTOB'B JIoScTa E BexaHa, XOTH en^e ;^o cexi nop'B 9th 
EEi^HAeflTH HO BEOiHi Hcqepnasu. HsBtcTHO, qro noj^i ;];aBjeHieHi 
oSn^ecTBOHEaro ME^Hifl RaEi^jrepx JleficrB Owcb npeAaHi ^(hci^ehae- 
HapHOMy cy^y vb ^0Tc;^aM4; npe;^aHie JTeftcra ofiHREOBeBEOMy cy;^y 
BCTp4^TEjio pasHUfl ^opuajcBEBifl npenflTCTBiH. ^ECi^EniflHapHBifl se 
cyAi e^Ba bobbucejich ao npsroBopa, corjiacHO ROTopoMy JleftcrB aoji- 
aceH% 6un% 6eitb nepeBOAeH'B sa cjiyac6y cb EtcROJiBRo noHExeHEHH'B 
panroMi. MoacEO ce6i npoACTaBHTB, RaRyK) 6ypB) seroAOBaEifl bus- 

Bai'B 8T0TB qyAOBfln^EO-MErRifl npHrOBOpii. MEHECrepCTBO HHOCTpaH- 

Hiixi A^J^is coficTBeHEO ROJiofllaJiBHoe BiAOMCTBo, — coqjio ce6a BHEya- 

AOEHUM'B RaCCHpOBaTB BTOTB npEfOBOp'B H }lfi6EJlOCb TOIX), ^TO HO EpE* 

roBopy HMnepcRaro cy^a JleficTB BOo6n^e EsroHEJicfl ci rocyAapcTBen- 

Hofl ciyxfiH. Bto caMoe fioiBmeo, qero Aoano 6hjio ao^etbch otci^- j 

niEsapHUH'B nyreiTB. Ofin^ecTBeHEoe HE'lsie OAHaRO He ycnoROEiocB 

na 8T0Mi», TaEi rbri* sa cboe BapBapcTBa, no saROHairB crpaHS^ < 

JleftcTy Ea^o 6h BRycHiB RaxoprE. 3th BapBapcTsa b-b rjiaBEHXi lep- ' 

TdLTb CBQAHTCff Rl qpeBUtpBUH'B 3JOynOTp66jieHiHM'B BJLaCTBD, RB HE- 



H31 rSPKAHIH. 81 

lAwh He MOTHBHpoBaHHHirb HCTflBaiDflirB noA^HHOHHaro TjseifHaro Ha- 

CeJieHiH, Kb HeUCT£IM'L CBflBfllTL 01 HOpHiilfH SeHII^HHailH, BSHTIiIMH 

vb mAwb H coAepaaBHiHiiHGH fb saKoo^eHUL Bee bto &baio ne^o- 
Boi&cTBo Bi» Tyseid^axi h BuasBaio BosMTii^eHia. Ho nosa dgth^Ih 
pasfiHpaiacB bi pasHaro po^a ^pnajiBHocTflX'L Ha merb npHMiHeHui 
si> jleftcry yroJOBHaro yiosemfl, btotb a^^pHxaHCKift pui^apB jsjBLjn> 
Tarj H miiaeTB TenepB CBoe eqaoTBe bii AMepHsi. 

?eioBiK0J[i)6HBoe OTHomeHie noroAaMCjcHX'B cy^eft ki KaHi^epy 
Jleficry nociyaoEUio o^eB^AHo noo^penieM'B jeb aoABHrairB Apyroro 
RaMepyHCKaro repoH^ mojoaofo aceccopa BeJtana. He yciynas Jleitcry 
no ^acTH ycepAUE vb yHorpedieHm cBoeft BiaoiE, BeiaHX eme otjeh- 
qaioa Ha CBoem c^e^iaJ[BH0]rB nonpHOit npaBBAHaro cyAiH, hhohho — 
Ha nonpnn^ Busjmjifiiiui seiaxejEBHUX'b eiiy noKasaHii y saaoAospiH- 

HBIXl HMl, HO UCTO COBOpHieHHO HO BBHOBaTUXl Ty86ICIt6B'B. 8t0TI» 

rocHOAHHi, TBopHBndtt Bcaidfl BJiOAiicTBa bi KaMepysfc *), pac^yB- 
cTBOBaicfl nepe^B cyAMMH vb norcAaiil ao tofo, ^to Aase npocjie- 
sucfl. HeyAHBHTeuHO, ^to h cyABH pacqyBCTBOBanoB cseprB utpH 
ii nparoBopHiH BeJiana... ki 500 MapsairB mrpa^a! ^ o6iikhob6h- 
Haro 8ApaBaro cioicia ototb npHroBopi 6iurB npoiEO HenocTHSHirB; 
dTO 6uj[a rpy6afl oti^Aa oaiiux^ aJteHeHrapHiixi qyBciB'L leioBi^no- 
CTH. nodTOiiy coBepmeHHO nonaTHO, ^ro, xorAa na nociiAHHx^ ko- 
jKOHiaJEBHUXii AotiaTarb cHona aaoua p^^ o BeiaHi, to AenyTarB 
BapTB npoAiosHjn npHuexBTB ero kb cocraBy noTOAaMCKaro ahci];h- 
ojraHapHaro cyAa, hbtotb haobhtuI nporeon A-pt^ Bapra BcrpiiiHn 
ApysHoe OAoSpenie vb fiojEBmei ^acra A^nrnTOBB peftxerara. GaMo 
C060D pasyMiercH, ^0 h bi vrowb ciy^ai KoioHiaiBHoe bIsaomctbo 
Gouo HeoGzoAHiniMB o6paTHTBCfl SB cyAy BHomeft HHoxaHipH, bb bo- 
Topoft A'i^o Beiana en^e He oROH^eHo npoHSBOACTBOirB. 

fl He 6yAy BAaBaiBea dA'i^cB bb ncHXOiorii) ihhobhhkobb, KOTopue, 
noKyAa ohh chahtb bb Oopjihhckhxb RaHi^eiflpiflXB, h MyxH ho o6h- 

AflTB, a EaSB TOIBEO HpeAHaSHa^aDTCfl J^LB. cKyiBTypHOft |IHCGiH» BB 

a^^pHEancKHXB xojiOHiHXB, TO He snaDTB ^paHH]^I HsyBipcTBauB h 
siOAtflcTBaiTB. HacB asAexB Apyraa $Hrypa, He ^era Jlettcry n Beiany, 
(j^nrypa Kpynnaa, na KOTopofi nodTony MHoro peiBe^^ffbe ofiHapysH- 
BaeTCfl TO ci^v^ocTpacTie Ges^eJiOBi^mocTH, BOTopunB 6wai OAepsHMSi 
MOJioAue HHHOBHHKH KaMopyHa H KOTopoe noiy^Hio HasBaHie TpoflH- 
HocKoft HaniH bojih^. Bb nocj^AHee BpeicH bb HbHeii;Ko& ne- 
HaTH 6ujio HHoro paaroBopa siipoBOJI noiHTHsi FepiiaHiH. 
3th pasroBopu HMiiH obohmb fiiHsafiimiiiB hctouhkomb ^pasy, 
CRasaHHyx) BnjiBreAMOMB U b'b oahoS H8B ero HMap0BH3ai^i6 
H Haui^aBHiyi) neponeKTHBH BoecsiTHoft hojihthxh TepHaHiH bb 
napauexB ob iiipoBiurB fochoactbomb AnriiH. Tasoro poAa ^paau 
npoHSBOAflTB SAboB ABoaxoe sne^aTiiHie: oahhxb ohI oxpuxaDTB mfl- 



*} OAHOft HBi 3aD6BMaTb 88688% BeaAHa 61U0 GxaaumpoBaHid shbeizi> 
TyBem^eBB. 

>ft 4. ovi^M% n. 6 



82 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. ' 

POKHME npOdKTaMH H BAOXHOBISiyrB Kl naTplOTE^eeSHlTb AftflHlilirb, 

;Q>yrHX'L nyraDTii nepcneKTHBoft flOBUXi naioroB's h H6nocflji&Hiixi> 
rocyjBCapcTBeHHiix'B sarparB. B% ^acrk Bj^oxHOBieHBurB TOft EKnpoBE- 
dai^eft, Bipnie— BO riasi htb crarB vh BBfftosmfiWb cjry^at E3Bt- 
cTHHft a^pHBaHCKift jijbsFtesh H saBOQBaTeiB a-Fb Kapii> nerepci. 
npHRocHOBeHie vb Aftiy sroro HeconH^HHO o^esb p^mHTejBHaro ^ejio- 
Bi^Ka yoHJOuo en^e onacHOCTB lereHAapHoS Weltpolitik.^Bcflsaro po^a 
TfAOBHn^iie HopcKie uaHu, noiy^HBime HasBame Uferlose Flottenplane, 
craiH HocflTBCfl BioBinqiMH npHspaKaiiH nepex^ HanyraHHiarB boo6- 
paxemeirb. 

AoKTopi Ilerepcib pyKOBO^HJEi BKoneAHitieft bi boctohhoA A^pEvb, 
zsrbwb fiujTb H^KOTopoe speiifl moiepcKRirB KOMVCcapoirB bi TaHom- 
HHX'B HtHenjKHX'B BiaA^Hiflxi. Bi 1891 roAy BHmia ero Oojibmafl 
KHHra tDie deutsche Emin-Pascha Expedition*, nepeBeAeHHaa na 
MHoro flSHKOBi H AOCTaBHBmafl oMy SHa^irrejiBHyx) HSBicTHOCTb. Ilooxi 
8Toro nerepoy 6ujia npeftiosoHa aojckhoctb na^aibEBKa ospyra Tan- 
raHafiKa, Koropyn ofb o^Haxo otbjiohhii, TaEi» Kas'b ne xorbn 6htb 
vb noA^HeHiH y rytiepHaTopa ^api-Bc-CajiaMa, Maftopa <|^hi-Bhc- 
MaHa. llpaBHToncTBy HHiero ho ocraBaiocB, Kam ociaBHTB ero He 
y A'bn 01 roAOBiiiTB ouaxoirB bx 6000 MapoEi. Botb na aioirB to 
j^ocyrt UoTepcB h na^yHan BaflTBoa sa nponaraHAy HopcRHX'B oia- 
HOBii. CHOBa HaqasH HHiepecoBaTBOfl BduuBmeS Ha noBepxHOCTH 
jnraHocTBD a^pHBaHcsaro saBOOBaieu; ero RHnra o6i BKcneAHi^H sa 
noHCKH dMHHa IlamH cxaia qffraTBCfl Ha pacxBarb. HasoHei^ h petx- 
crary npninjocB noGBHTHTB nerepcy xpn ahh KOJioHiaiBHBixi ^ofiaTOBi, 
HasBaHHHe cToycroft MOJiBOft lepHHMH AHflHH. 3axOAHJia pi«iB o Ile- 
Tepci H Ha A^GaTaxi npeAiHAymnx'B ro^oBi, ho HHKorAa eme ci 
TaKOft ocHOBaTexBHOcTBi), KaKx Vb 8T0TB pa». MaiepiaiovB cxysBia 
npeasxe Bcero co6cTBeHHafl BHHra Uerepca, ^a en^e CBi^'i^Hifl ibnenr 
KHX'B H anrjiifioKHxi iraccioHepoBi h Apynix% hoto^dshsob'b. Poxb npo- 
sypopa B3aAT> Ha oe6s AonyiaTi BefiexB, nocjii Toro iuucb en^e 
paHBffle ero vh H'&GKOjn>KHX'B cjiosaxi socHyjicfl n^esoTJUiBoft MatepiH 
ROHcepBaTHBHBifl j^enyraTB naoropi mauiB. 

9th "lepHue ;^h Cujeh vh to se speiifl Tasi Hassra. OoiBniHHH 
napjiaMeHTCKHHH ahhhh. PefixcTan hsi saKOHOAaxeJiBHaro Kopnyca 
npespaTHjiCfl na speufl b^ Bfiicmee cyAHJiHinie naA'B idabhh, soTopurB 
noTCAaMCRilt AHCi^HnjiHHapHuft cy^ Hamexi HcnojraHreiBHHini, ho 

HtCKOJBKO He Vb Mipy ycepAHUMH qHHOBHHKaMH. PefiXCTaTB IipHBXeE7» 
Kl OTBtTCTBOHHOCTH H 8T0TB CaMHft Cy^l H HaSOHei^'B ^OKTOpa $H20* 

co4>iH nexepoa, ne npHBiesaBniarocH enite HEKasHirB cyAOM'B. 

KHHra nerepca fiiija npe;i[Ha8HaqeHa nfis, nraposolt rjiacHOCTH; no- 
8T0uy msbdSL npoAHOJioacHTB oi ero oropoHsi npeyBeJEH^ieHift Kb go6- 
cTBeHHOHy Bpe^y- Ho kto nosnaKOiiHJica cb ea co/i^epsaHieirB, TorB 

HO HOHBTB HO yABBIHTBCH, RaSl 8T01fy OTEpOBOHHOMy ^OlOBiBy VOrB 

en^e Ghtb npeAAOseHi oxBiTCTBeHHHft hoctb bi TanraHaftst. ^efiaxu 
peftxcTara osnaEOHHJiH ci KHHroft nexepca h 6ojAe niHpoKie cioh hA- 



Hdl rSPMAHIH. 63 

Mei^ROft nyfijrHKH. OcraHOBHiiGa h hh na sfcsoTopfiiX'B o6pa8i];arB h3% 
XHnrH nerepca. TpjAHO ce6i npeAOxaBBTB, cpexH KaEoro B036yxAO- 
Biff HBTajiHGB OHH B'B GoSpaHlH pefixcTara. 

neiepci pascKasuBaerB bi Hawaii KonrH o npHroroBieHiflxii Kb 
9KoneAHi];iH ffifl hohckob'b diiHHa IlaniH. B'B 3aH8H6ap& owb Ha6paii> 

H3Bi^GTH06 HHCJEO TyseHI^eBl lUeveHH COMaJIB BB Ra^dCTBt HOCHJEBim^ 

novb H TOT^acB BBBJiB TiiecHoe HaRasasie, Eoropoe e npHMtsflJi^ 
(TB H6oaia6HOD GTporocTBD. B'B cooTasi 9KctieAi^RiH 6wn> H OTpfl^i 

<X)JIAe^TTi. HoCHJEBII^IiEH COHaXH, yT01UeHHH6 TfllSeiKlTB nyTOlTB noAB 

<$peHeHeirB nenocHjrBHOft HomH, HopoBHu ecrecTBeHHO OTAiiaTBca otb 
pa^OTH, nuTaflCB npH nepBoft bosmoxhocth ysjioHiiTBCff opb aKciie;^^- 
i^H. noioseflie, ROHenflo, o^esB nenpuiTHoe. H botb nerepci, ^o6h 
speAynpej^RTB Aa^H'bllmie no6irH hochjibii^ebobb, o6paiqaeTci[ Kb se- 
<;TOKOMy H BOHHCTBeHHOMy luceMeHH Fauaci^ cpe^H Eoroparo bb aro 
BpeMfl HaxoASUOfl, cb npHRasaHieirB yfiEBaxB Kas;^aro CoKaiE, soro- 
psft nonaAOTCff hmi aa nyrn... Bb xe^eHlH CBoero nytH owh npEXO- 
WSTb vb orpaHy nieMeHH Baxsara, co CTOpoHU iEOiOpsxi Borpi^aerB 
fl'^ROTopuft OTnopT». Bb HaRaBaHie uieneHH nerepoi cttHraeTB bcI 
AepeBHH Ba^sara, ^epesx ROTopuii npoxQAinrB ero aRoae^Hi^ifl... 
x%o6bi a^tb BHymHTejn»HHfi npHnipB, m bb oj^hoitb ciyw& costjoi 
<^pa3y mecTB AepeBesB BaA3aTa». TaRi noxBaifleicfl vb OBoefi RHHrb 
i^aiTB A-p% netepci... Bb oahhb hs'b nodixTi^iqixB xiet IlerepcB 
CHOBa HaTaxRHBaeTCfl Ha rpynoy Ba^sara. HaoTB hs'b jom'b chahtb 

B'B EyCTHl'B H Ha ^epeBBHll, OHHHailH BB CTOpOHy 8RCneXHI(iH. BlUO 

-oqeBHjlHo, TTO y BaA3ara ne 6ujio BpasAeCHKX'B EaiiftpeHift otho- 
^TOJiBHo fitisx'B npHmeiBi^eB-B. THwb ne Menie neiepiTB uovb- 
amyerb o6b 8tom'b dnnso;^ B'B GJl'&A7l>I^el^B xapaRtepHoirB juh Htfo 
bh;^: cKaRi toibro sapHAu Hanux'B BHHTOBORib nponucscB do ETi> 
-CHEHairB H HicROJiBRo Tyseui^eBB, cajxfbBmwji'b na A6peBBffx^ npoTHBB 
Hxi sejiaHifl cb Heo6siRHOBeHHOfi (SiiCTpoTofi noBanncB Ha seuD^ 
TO BaAsara Toi^acB o^hgthjeh noJie... To^ro Ha xojirfa, Kh sanaxy 
OTB HacB, i^uS AeHB ociaBaicH cToposoBOft nocTB BaAsara. IIoiBmHi 
E HanpaBHJTB ORcneAHipx) h npoTHBi aioro nocTa. Ho idas, Haxo- 
AHBiniecfl Ha xoim*!, o6paTHincB ro mh^ crb BonpocoirB, noieiiy-Ae 

HEI B'B HnXl 6e30CTaHOBOmO CTpJ^lfleMl, B'bA^ OHH COBCiM'B HO xo- 
TflTB BOOBaTB HpOTHBl HaCTB... Sa^^M'B SO BU CHAHT6 BJ^jbOb Ha BOpXy? 

cnpocHjni fl HX'B. — Mu BonoMi npoTHBX BaEavfia, tto chahtb no Apy- 
ryx) CTopoHy xoJiMa. — A, laRB, oRasajTB a hitb bi oiBiTB: bi TaROMi 
cjyqa'fc sejiaD npiHTHUxi yA0B02BCTBifi!>. Mh BHA:biH Bume^ cb Ra- 
Rofi crporocTBH) A-p*^ IleTepci othochjich rb HeHcnpaBHUiTB hochib- 

D^BRaM'B. Ho BOTB, B'B APy^M7> vACTi CBOeft RHHfH, OVB 0OO6lI(aeTB 

o&b yqacTH OAHoro h3'b cbohx'b HonpaBHiftmHX'B hochjbb|hrobi>, ro- 
Topufl BCJii^A^^Bie RpaflHflro Hanpflsenifl ghjtb safiojiiitB cyxoTGOfi... 
«K'B co»aji'lHiK), oAHHii HS'B BSflTux'B HHOD H3ii JI.ap'K-dc-Gaiaira HO- 
tsHJiBii^HROBi OTcraiE'B OTB HaiiieS aRc^eAH^iH. OffB AOJiroe Bpena cxpa- 
^ajii cyxoTRoft h h yse a^bho ocboCoahjtb ero otb hobih. JIbbbi, pu- 

6* 



84 PFCCXOB BOrATCTBO. 

HaBinie wb ary ho^ Dosa^H nacvB cuBHie odiisHOBMBAro, ho octaa- 
jum HHKaBHX'E ooMHiHifi OTHoeHxaxBHo y^aora ocraBieHHaro 6iAHflrH»... 
3to dsua yqacTB AHBapn, saHeMonnaro Ha ciys&& EocHren) xpHcri- 
aHcxofi ipiBUHsaipHi 

^TSfl KHiry nexepca, nojiyqaeniB Bne'iaTiiHie, ^ro Tacaa Ma- 
jKHBEaH BscneAHiQfl Moraa 6h 6e8i> 6ojBniHx% onacHocrefi z sasjiD- 
qenit coBepmaxB CBOt nyxB, ecu 6u nerepoB, noxo6HO oBoeiiy npojt- 
mecTBeHHHKy GieEiH, hb crapajicfl Ha kbsaokb mary AftBaiB qys- 
cTBOBaxB Tyseiotaii'B cbod oHiy h npH tomi b% oaMoft 6d8noii|a;(Hoft» 
KpoBosBAHoft iffopiA... &Eim^fffaj}A noAOQua ki MiciHOciH di6aerb» 
ojiysHBineft naBHuinb i^eHTpon nieiieHH Maccas. nerepcB ptniHn. 
BBflTB ary xicTHocTB. If aooaH SHauTe^BHuiiH rpynnaiEH CHAim n 
Kycrax'B. nerepoy nysHo 6hao npoflra Binpoxift lyrb, na KoropoH'B 
nacioeB eraAo. tllaefyxi, — Tavb paacKasiiBaeTB nexepc^— bi ca- 
uowb HariovB tohI ofipaiEjiCH xi HaMi » TpefiOBaaieMrB oGoin Rpy- 
xowb CTaAO, vb npoTHBHoiTB QiyHai MH paaroHHiTb ero eKon. na- 
nieiTb HaiiipeHlH bsatb difiaen HaHBHtift napoHB h He xorapraaica 
Bi CBoeirb HOBiii^udH, noxyAE nyu He iipoouaGB no ero petipan a 
He sacTaBBia na BisH eaMonaiB ero Haraiitt hohkb^... Moxho ce(Sl 
HpeAcraBBTB cHarjoit tohi* naoryxa vb bejij BoopyseHHOft oKcoe- 
Ssa6E, 8ji6a0rb 6ajn> sartMi bshtb h ojCBOBpeiieHHO crb boobhh cto- 
poHi noAOSSOHB. HeoucTHHe MaccaH He qafljiH ropa... cKpH^a h 
poBfl OTB ysaca h aiooTH, pasotaHHue wb sycrarB Maceaa saxt- 
THJiB, HasoHe^B, name HaMipenie... B'b to Bpeicfl, Bamb vb TepMa- 
HiH seqepHiJI BOJiOKOiBHuft BBOHib QpHBUBan npHxosasB Vb I^epKOB- 
HOt cj[ys6t, 3A%eB mapoKoe maHfl orneft cb ipecBoirB noAUMaiocB 
Vb He6y HaAi» BceS HicTHOOTBD Maccaa»... nooTHuie aioro ipyAHo, 
KOHOHHO, HdoCpasHTB EynTypHse noABHrn TaBoro po^a xpacriaHCKarO' 
XHcdoHepa. Btb Kaari Herepca to h gbio npaxoAaroa aaTaisHBaTBCiE 
aa o(k)poT£i, Koropiie vb caMofi uqeiiipHoft $opMi roBoparB o cack 
npoBBAiaia* o noao^a fiosBOft, nepenxeraacB npa BToarB ob caMmH 
fedfiosHUMa DnasoAaaa 8BCQeAaI^a. 

IIpB({xH3HTe2BH0 ro^a ABa nocjcfc onaoaaHHTB SAicB co6£imft,. 
HMeHHO Vb soHn;b 1891 ro^a, nerepci HaxoAaxoa Vb asonoAaqia no 
aaupaBiemi) vb RajiaaaaAsapa. S^ioB owb na HisoTopoe Bpeaa 
ycrpOBJTB npHBai'B h npe»AO Bcero pacoopaAHJica, hto6u pa^oax cb 
ero naiBTEott 6ujia BoaaeAena BHciiai^a. draaib ovb mtbib bb aaxy 
aanoaapoBaTB laMomaeHy Kpan h OTMiTHTB cboid poiB noBeJiareia. 
y eBponeScKBiB i^iBBJEaaaTopoBB, A^ftcTByDn^az'B bb lepnoaii mbto- 
pHxi, rocaoACTByerB ofiunaft A^b^aTB a^pasaacByi) csyBy cb nepaot 
HaioacHHi^eft. IIo aroiiy noBOAy npHXOAHTca cuunaTB TaKB mhofo sa» 

JlQ&b CO OTOpOHU TaMOHIHHXl XpHCTiaHCBHXB HHCOiOHepOBB H BA^bni- 

aaxB eaaareiaqecRaxB cbhoaob'b, ^to oai yse hh na kofo ho aU- 
eTBymTB. H a^P'b nerepcB ne cocTaBiaiB acBjao^eaia. Bb ero Baarfc 
BCTptnaDTca CTpaaaipii, ta^ obb cb npacynieft euj oTapoBeaaocTBi^ 



BSl rBPMAHIH. 65 

pasoRasHBaeTB o npaiCTHKOBaBmeHca ero BKcneABi^eft yHKBamH a^pH- 
RancRHX'B KpaoaBHit^. 

Bo BpoMii npefiuBaHifl vb RHJiHiiaHAsapo, nerepoi bbajtb ce6i 
B'b HaioaraHi^ KpacHByD A^^Bymsj HSi ueHeHK A^aira, no hmohh 
rEASBaira, oecrpy raasBKa Manaiiia vffh Maif6a. rHAsarra ohobhaho 
TflFOTBJiacB HaBiisaHBoft et H'IsHooTuo (Siiaro ^osTopa ^hjioco^Ih a 
saBflsaia hhthmhiui OTHomeHui ci oaheitb hsi oxyrB IleTepca, Ta- 
iCHMi ace BaKi* ona ^epHim Ma6pysH. yasaBi 061^ Eduiafk Tha- 
saiTE, ^i-pii neT6i>c'B jpifiL&rh npHKadame noBleHTb A'^ymsy h id6h- 
Maro eiD eiyry. OiffBu/spj ascneAHi^v, Jie&TesaETy BpoHoapi (ffowb- 
UleJiureH^^op^y 6hio nopy^eno coBepmHTb KasHb JOkjiib moxoahmh 
jno^^KH. Owb OAHaxo yBJiOffluca otb coBepmeBiii KasHH^ Koxopyn 
o^HTajTB y61ftcTB0ir&. Tor^a IlerepcB nopy^aers ooBepmHTB asaeKy- 
ipD noMomHHBy aaBiAJDniftro hoxoxhhitl xaaapeTOMi.. Hec^aoTHue 

tf0J[0AUe JfDAH Ha KOJAhAXI yKOJUDTB A&pOBaXb HJTB SH8U, HO 

nomaAu HiTL h ohh juMjMorb sa BHoiiHiii. 

Kor^a dTOTL ofipasi a^ctbIa Bnooj^ACTBiH ofipaTHJTB Ha oeta 
BHHiraHie acHBymiHX'B Tan eBponefli^eBi h Kpoiri Toro, KaE'b yBH^HirB 
HHse, Evbrb aoboxbho ne^aiBHiiii nociiAOTBifl h ;ph caiiHXi H'fav- 
HeBT>j TO IleTeperB crapaicfl npe;z(OTaBHTb ^0 b-b TaKom BWfib, ^rro 
owh Bexin noB^cETB Moioffixi iDxeft ne hb'b sa hxi jro6oBHott 
OBflBB, a Hd'b onacoHlfl (tb hx'b cropoHH HpOAaTexBOTBa, TavB saKii 
0HH-A6 saHHifaiHCB mnioHCTBOtf'B... Ilpn raBRXi oficroffreiBCTBax'B 

flpSMO HO B-bpOflTHO^ qT06u O^RI^Opi MOFB yBIOHHTBOfl OTB COBepme- 

Hifl BasHH. 8to 65Ejia npffnaa ero ofiaaaHHoerB h sa ociymanie 
nepe^'B Ha^aiBHHKOirb ascnoAHi^H ohb ^oiseH'B 6iurB 6m HO;i[Bepr- 
HyTBCfl crporoHy AHci^njHHapHoiiy BaucRaHiD. Ho HH^ero no;^o6Haro 
BB K0j[0HiaiBHUX'B aKTaxi Re anaqHTCfl... BcEop^ hogjA aroro hhiih- 
xenra noTepcL xot&tb nociTHTB pyROBOAHTejut aHrjdftcEOfi iracciefi 
Vb MomH, 6Hino$a Tyxepa. IIpeAynpesAOHHiift o6b aToirL nociiB;6HiH, 
aHrjriftORift 6Hino$'B HHrnerB HoTepcy, hto c^ yfiiftmeft ne xo^eri 
HMiTB HH^ero ofin^aro. Ha DoTepoa aro hhcbmo npoHSBBJK) ROHe^no 
OHOHB HenpiHTHoe Bne^aTrtme, bi BH^y ^ero ofb cnirnHn yBi^o- 
MHTB TyRepa, ^to owb... c6ujrB na no^manHoft jsibvjnnA senaTB no 
a^pHRaHCROHy ofiuqaiD h ^to corjiacHO dTOicy a$pHRaHCR0iiy o6mBX> 
eny npHHaAxesaxo' npano naRaaaTB CHepTBK) HapymHrejrBHEiicy cyn- 
pyxecRofl BipHOCTH...> MoTHBHpoBRa iDfiomiTHaa BO BCiXB oTHome^ 

HlflXl). npOACraBHTeiB HiMeipCOfi RynTypH H Ii;HBHXR8aipHB'BA#Hsi 

xeHHTCfl TavB Ha TyaeMRi no aaRony AHRapeft h cofjuusho atony aa- 
ROHy BimaerB ee aa HairbHy. Ho TaRaa pacnpasa aa HOBipHocTB 
xecTORa A&se ci to^h apiHk a^pHRancRExi oSti^aeB'B. HpocroTa 
HpaaoBB TaHib fb 8tomb OTHomoHiH catfafl HeorpaHHieHHafl h EairbH- 
HHi^a BB caMOMB xyAmeMB cJLJ^sA oTAtiHBaeTCH BnyniHTdiBEOft 
BCTpenRoS. HoBicHTB aa TaRyio sen^ sennpHy aHa^Eio 6u ajih Ty- 
aeiii^a jnmHTBCH i^hhocth, pa6o^e§ cejiu, noTOMy ^ro senn^HHa 
HMeHHo n TpyAHTCfl no npoHMyn^ecTBy^ na Heft jiesarB Eeo6xoAHifua 



84 rfcan botaicuo. 

mmnewBUM ntom. BaH>#% TjMefrh 

Iteiepea n Josjoviky rit oio ■ taio luevnao n opnyift as- 

ntfesol vieeii, Chnrdi aaMOBsrjr tocietj. 

Cpe;i« lapo^iom A^h^m, can roftcno, roeaojifisjen oteni 
Kporaoft Meets* Conacio stdhj otew, Ilevqiei, nanuni ;(&- 
f]r«B7f DOiykiiim oponi^ acero ea nMemewm a sa ea eaeprb jiom- 
BO Mcian ace ea aaexa* H mh aaxan jcktennaiBBO, «to 6fm^ 
rajsaarnif saaaen Maaaida cvkaiaTL ki cn^amij aaasuj me- 
aeaa AMira ao aveaa Meia ftnsB Kaoaavjoaapo a iioACTp»aerb 
aro ax aoftai aponnrb staiiea^ Besopft nocii loro ffum mxjtl 
aoflaoi flpoTHBi BiatttfiVb a vb arot aoiaft uBjifaoTh xepiaaaa rep* 
Maacaie o^ai^epu tepoai Bi>iobi> a Boo^^paHi. Ectb ocHoaa]ii& 
nnvthf vto a ertxTDmifl BoacraHk Tyaem^eai 6iiia oraftron aa 
o6pa» AMcTBia A'I» Ilerepea. Paaxpaseaie Tjwmfim 6umo tbbi^ 
aeiBKo a aeocxatfaoi qTO ^bmb vh 1894 r. xaoe iitiieiparB Hayq* 
auxx H3citA0BaTexeft> a-P% JIobtb a x-px Kperaiapi, (Siuh y6iiu 
Tyaeaqaaa. « 

06iaoTB KaiRvaaxiutpo, b% loropofi Ilerepci noAHan ace Bepx-b 
ABoai a aa MBoro An noctoii eiiyTf a HeAOBoncrao, npaaaA- 
iesan»i no ofimeay MaiHii), k% caaiorB uoAopoAHHMib a Habroofit- 
oiaionmifx MicTBOCTfliTB. Xo Ilerepea tbhi ciyacajii ia$jua[HAei](^ 
4)0Hii-0jifci;x, noAi ynpaBieaieai aoroparo i^apaxo noxaoe cnosofi- 
CTBle a aobojimtbo. dnn'b no^eay to Aojoseai 6uxb ycrynaTB ictcro 
Ilerapoy, a oam nepeBeAeai 6un aa oxysfiy bi Huiccy. yciu- 
maai* o noxosAraiazx nerepca, ovh eme vb 1892 r. onyfixaaoBiai'E 
OTKpuTOo nacBao Ilerepoy, tjj^, coHiaacb aa oaoit ouutb, owb bh- 
aan ero bo actxi 6tAOTBlflxi>, ofipymaBinaxoa BaAi» Hecqacraofl o6- 
4aoTbx>.M «Bu OTBteoTBOBBUi— Taai saKiD^erb caoe nncbMO (^owb- 
8jiu;i, — nepeAi» Boroirb a jdabmb aa paaaopeme j^Bbxyn^eS aicr- 
BOOTH. OTBlTOTBeaaiii aa caepTB aamflxi TOBapan^efi ^Bi-£K)20BaB 
nojib4>paaa, aamaxi Qpaauxi cojrAarL a coieai aai uieireHa BaA* 
aarra. Ho .aexa^afliuUI ynpeKi, KOTopuft a Barb aojisobi cA&iaxb, 
OA'hAyBViil: Be BeoOxoABBOCTb noaysABia BacbKiBamoMy spoBaBovy 
oQpaay AtftoTBitt.^BiTb: bbmi Bysau 6iUB A'i^a, soTopua cAt- 
jajia Ou aauie aaa nonyjapsiiai* wb Eaponi. Bu AofiaxBOb axoS 
itiuia, r. AORTopi, bo a ae aaBBAyi) aairb vh aamax'b noABarax'b, a 
Vopaaala ae aoaceTb 6uih bbmi* 6jaroAapaa!..» Mu bbaIib oabbko 
Buuie, HTO ROioaiaibBoe atAoacTBO fotobo 6ujio nodiaroAapBTb lie- 
TtX}K(a AOJBCHOCTbK) vh TaBraaalRt oi osiaAOMi ai 25.000 MapoKi». 

KorAB A^nyrarb BeOejib aa aoci^BRX'b KOioaiaibBux'b AeOaiax'b 
auoTf najTb oi% aiaaa paao&iaHeaiaMB npoTaai apb nerepca, to 
HyaoTBO MyHBTejibBaro ctuab oxaaTnio .bcIxi ero cjyniaTejiel bb 
p^flxerark lh» aanait ptqn bb lai^axi Btsoropuxi diaaaaxi ajHa- 
iiu^il llt>Tf>pca> Kaai» rpa<ta Apaairb, hoxbo (tsuo en^e saatTBtb 
aacaiiuKY. DOABBmyD bi oabohi coy^at doboai opaiopy nepoAi* aa- 
Ui^iTb Bcod CTpaau nparaoaABtb ciitimiaroca rpa4»a n noaopHoxy 



EJ^b rSPMAfllH* 87 

CTOJ167. Ho Gb le^eiiieirb pft^H jiflxe cantie HenoKOJieCmaze soiOHiaiB- 
HHe pesHHTen ci* noHBRnraifH rojtOBavn gtejih BHHuaTB GiOBatf-B o6bh- 
HHTejui. HtfnepGKift Kani^ep'B n MEHHCtpi HHOorpanHHX'B a^xco^jiq 
3a JLjmaee jKJUmwrhoa otl y^iaoxifl Bi HenpiflTHux'B ABfiaiaxi n Bce 
6peBia saniHTU KoiOHiaxi>Haro vbjifiu&tBs, bosioshjKh Ha na^aiBHHKa 
dToro nocjilAHflTo, A-pft Kaftaepa. T. Ka&sep'B seconH'&HflO o^ohb cno- 
co6fliifi H cB'lA7iQ;i& Bi KoiomaiLHOJTB jij^'i ^eioBiKi. Bi npe^^'BHAj- 
mie roAueifj jAaBaiocb erb 6oja>moi lersocrBi) npofiiH Bci noABo^- 
HHe saMHH, pa86pocaHHii6HOA?^ ero HoraMH KOJOHiaibHoft onnoSHiiieS. 
Ho Ha 8TOTI pasi owh ho mofb cspiiTB cBoe OMyn^enie h en^e MeHte 
MOFb npeoAOJd^Tb bcd o6pyniHBii7yDCH Ha Hero &kpj. Bi ero pi^iH 
twL'h jLvmb o^HHi CBiTJaiS nyHKTb, — vto niieHHo i^HpRyjEHpHoe pac- 
nopaaceHie Kanqiepa oTHocHreJEbHO HisoTopux'B npe^^OBi* BiacTH vb 
a^pHsaHCKHXTi KOXOHiflX'b, CAiJiaHHoe Bcxopi nocjii ofinapyseHifl hh- 
i^HAeHTOBi* Jleficra h Bejiana. Boe, vro hitb Cuao csasano othoch- 
TejTBHO Uerepca, 6hjio b% sna^iHTejiUiHoft cxeneHH AOKyMeHTaiBHUM'B 
noATBepsABHieii'B o6BHHeHift Be6eiH. Kor^a naqajrBHHK'B KoiOHiaiBHaro 
B^AOMeTBa no aRTaifi npoHHTSiBarb noApo6HOOTH ynpaBieHUi Herepca 
BOEi BocTO^Hoft A^pHsi, TO pepMaHCRift pefixczaPB HpeAcraBjuu'B piA- 
Eoe Ais dToro oouAHaro y^pea^eHifl spiiH^e. — HarxocTBl.. Yfiifii^a!.. 
Ero caMoro Ha bhc&ihi^!.. h Tony noAoGHHe kphkh ciHmaJKHCb co 
CBajieft pasApaseHHim A^nynTOBi, KorAa r. Kaftsepi HSJEaraxB Hcfo- 
pin sasHeft npoBHHHBniHzcs HerpETHHCBHX'b A'^BymeiBb. KasoBO to 
6h2o npH aToiTB oaMOMy repoD dToft neqamaofi anonen^ KOTopuii 
HM&i'B MysecTBO ciymaTB 8th )Sfi6afni cii TpHfiyHu!.. Pt^ r. Eafi- 
aepa hheofo ne Hom yAOBJierBopflTb. dTO eiiy TOTqaci h 8aflBHjn> 
BOJi^ KaTOiHqeoEaro AOHTpa A-p^ JlHGepB, CEasaB^b, ^to nocit cjiobi 
Ha^ajibHHRa KOioniaibHaro B^^AOMOTBa HeTepci HBiHerca enie BHHOBa- 
Tit, qlirb nocjii fiva Betoui. CaMO co6ok) paayiiieTCH, ^to napiia 
ii,eHTpa, OKJJCOHHBmaacfl bi nojibsy ROJOHiaibHofl hoihthsh TOibEO hoai* 
yoiOBieifb pacopocTpaHeHiH xpncriaHCTBa h ynpasAHenifl paficTBa, c^h- 
Taerb oe6H no npeHuyn^ecTBy npHasaHHofi ROHrpoJiHpoBaTb sojioniaib- 
Hiifl A^a (yb HpaBCTBeHHoft tohkh spiHifl. H BApyrb TaKie naccaasH 
H npHTOHi OAHHB 8a jij^jTSHiu ^ama ropeqn nepenojinnjiacb bx na- 
Oosmccb cepAi^axi, h a-P^ JiBGep'B en^ neocTaBJUiDqeH coHsbHid sa- 
Teropn^HOCTbK) saaBHJ'b, ito o cfiesfipesHurb HopoKHX'b luaHax'by 
ii.eHTp'B H cjoimaTb nn^ero ne xo^erb... 

Ytpo Be^epa MyApenie, — ORasaJiH cefii APJBbfl HoTepca. ToibKo 
Ha BTOpoft jsfiEh Ae6aT0B'b OAiiaHH 6uih cb arofi cTopoHH nonHTSH 
o6&iiHTb IleTepca. Ero JumsoA aP7^ rpa^ii ApHEifB Aase sapy^HJCA 
iiHCBMOMb Herepca, m» KOTopoMb Torb HasHBajrb BCi BSBeAeHHiiH na 
uero o6BHHeHk KJieBOTOfi, orpni^aH cboh cahsh qi^ TyseMHUMH a^bh- 
ii,ai£H, orpHi^aJTb ^asTi* nHCbna kx Tysepy h t. a« Tpa^b ApHSMb 
upoqeJTb 8T0 HHCbHO, nocTpoHii Ha HSMi GBOK) 8aii],HTy H AasEo He no- 
lUavAHJH r. Kafisepa, TaKb cj[a6o OTcraHBaBmaro IleTepca. Kasx mhofo 
npaBAU Bi* yBipeniax'b HoTepca, Tony cjiyasHrB A0Ka8aTejibCTB0MT> 



88 P7GCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

cAjiywiwt SMijUGBTb^ npHBexeHHHi Ha^aiBHHXon soiOHiaibHaro v6- 
j^OHCTBa vb CBOD ZBHSfctj 0TB Hanai^OKi rpa^ ApnHa. IIo pacao- 
pflzeHix) 8Toro Bti^^oMOiBa offHHm evl ero ^khobhikobi 6urb vb 
cBoe Bpeim cooiaBievB nporoKOfB o coBepiiieHBim xasHarb. Ilporo- 
KOJTB cocraBJUucfl npH y^acriH caMoro nerepoa, xoTopuft vh oahoicb 
vifftk npoTOBoia fftmerb cAjijiojafie saflBxeHie: <cb o&kBUM x^Bym- 
saMH sua TaKse o;^a seHHpraa, y6teaBiiiaa otb KHflBBsa Mapeaia. 
dro H ecTB npHTOBopeHHag Bnoarlj^ciBui R'b CMepTHot saeHH... Osa 
c^ijiajiacB ^in to Bpo^i jnofioBHOft yrbu Ha Hamefi craHiaH h a. 
npHBHancB, qro vb sepBoe Bpeira en iipe6£iBaHiji Ha oraHipH pasi 
Hjm ;iBa BOcnoiBsoBaica en j[acsaiai»... 

yse BO BTopoft A^HB A^aTOBi F. KaftsepB moi-b sasBRTB peftzc- 
Tarj, 9T0 Ha ero ffijuukji/b o xojfi npemft HMsepcsit sanitxepii pae- 
nopfl^HicH B0867SA6HiH cTxe^Haro olijtCTBiH no ^i^ nerepca. ?to 
j^acTB oyAetiHOe cxi^CTBie — bto noKaserB 6jjsjmfi6. 

^OXTO n npOSHBOTB qjBCTBO HpaBOTBOHHaro BOSlfyiKeHiH, BH- 

sBaHHoe ECTopieft IleTepca? Bb camit pasrapi ozBaTSH nemro 
6uMo n^aAHTB qeioBtea, KOTopHfl ran CKOMnpoveTHpoBan CBHioe 
;^o KoiOHiajEBHofi naxHBH h sanHTaxHOTEqeoRHTB aBaHTBpB. Heio- 

B^K'B 9T0TB 61IJIB JXB OlOHB HOCpaiUeHB^ B HeSJQT TilTB QWb Blie- 
"leHiH nOCrt^HHX'B Micai^eBl CTOAJTB bo TZWh MOpOBHX'B HiaHOBi; OffB 

vb canoe nocjr6;iHee Bpena BHTicHU'B h31 KOioHiaiBHaro o6H(eeTBa 
npHHi^a Apenfiepra, BaHflBi xairB Birbrro npHHi^a eoctb npeAotxaxeia. 
draTB qejiOBflK'B 6hirb noqMUueffB; — ^HH^ero h6 ocraBaiocB KaKi ao- 
sepTBOBBTB HVB H cHacTH catfoo A^o: KoiOHiaiBHU& npexopurrifl^ 
MopoKie HJiaHu. Ho rpoHa^Hoe SHa^eme noexiAHHX'B KoiomaiBHBaii 
Ae6aT0BB saEJiiD^aiocB ho crojnAO vb snHocTH nerepca, npecryiiKB- 
maro Tpe6oBaHiH xpncilaECKoft vopaiH. Bb jooA Ileiepca fiiixa ahc- 
EpejKHnpoBaHa i^aa cHCTeiia, saEJUDiaDn^aacH bi npenefipesemH 
HenocpeACTBeHHiDiH, 6ie8Khmh A^aMH h RjmjsfiMJi crpaHupaAH npoO- 
xeMaTHqecKHX'B ycnixoBi r^i to sa tphacbhtb seMCiB. Co BpeMCHH 
BoftHu 1871 roAa MopcBoft Giojifliem FepMaHiH jBeiH^BJiCH vb comb 
padi. HoBiftmie Hopcue njiami juAvyn bb bejij ycHXHTB repjcaHCBift 
^OTB BB creneflH, He cooTBiTCTByion^efi hh reorpa^nqecEovy doio- 
xems) repManlH, he oh KOiOHiaiBHOMy Horyn^ecTBy. Ecie pettxcrarB 
corxacHTCH na oth uami, to bb cyn^ecTByDniteiiy yse 6peMeHE cy- 
xonyrnaro HHXErapESira, norxon^aDmaro okoio 500 hhjue. Map. eoe- 
ro;^o, npH6aBETca en^e HOBsft Moioxb MHJiETapflSMa Hopcsoro. Ototb 
MojroxB, BBiABEHyTuS TenepB ho^b bhaoite 3a60TB O Ee06X0AEtf0CTH 
6oxbmeVL oxpanu EOJioHiaiBHnxB Biaj^Hift, 6ojrbe npaBHiBHoft samaTU 
sEByn^HXB BB ^yasEXB aeiuHXB Hivi^eBB, peryiEpoBama pocTyn^aro 
BUBOsa, noAAepsaHiH aBTopHTOTa HMnepiH h t. a*) — vroTb Mojtoxb, 
fijiaroAapfl ECTopiH UeTepca^ ORpoeTCH TenepB Ha HeonpeAtxeHHoe Bpeju 
CB jiHii;a 8eiuE BirbcTb cb repooHB dTOft HcropiH. Bb btomb h rJiaBHoe 
3HaqeHie caifoft HCTopin. Bii Hopajn>Hoirb OTHomeHiH IleTepcB — stotb 
UHsappo R0H]];a 19-ro B^Ka, 6hj[b snoiHi MaorepB OBoero ffi^a h hs 



HSli rBPMAHIH. 89 

xyse ^ivB IlHBappo h Ropteo^ 16-ro siRa. dnoza HajTHurb Hscjtt- 
;i;oBaHift h zpHGTiaHCKiixi> VHCcift vh nepEoft ^acTH CBiTa OKOsqnjiacB 
cb laEHUH JEH'iHOGTflifE, K&R'b JIhbhhfctohi H HaXTHFaiB. Hxi 3Ha- 
noHie oTojpHraercfl Teoepb na aaAflift mas^ HacTynnBmeiD Tav^ ano- 
xoft xsn^eHifl, pasAopoB'B, saxBaioBi h ^scmyaTaiUH. 

jIiD6oiiKTHiie o6pa8i^ yHononpa^eHia n BCflKaro noupa^eHifl mosho 
mfijLJojifikTh TenepL Bt HiMei^Eoft npecci no noBOj^y scropiE nexepca. 
Oco6esflO Bi ToS npecci, soTopaa crapaeiGa bo qio 6h to ee cTaio 

OTCTOflTB CBOerO 60SEa-CBepX^ei0BiRa. IIpOTEBl ^aSTOBl, KOEe^EO, 

uejoasL EE^ero noA^axB: H botb ocraercs co oi^soft cropoEU npoBe- 
AOEie aEaioriE iieawy neTepcoHi e apF^v^ KososiaiBEUHE repoaHE 
iienajiBEoS naiCETE, aEaioiiE, esi. KoropoE nerepoi BucrynaerB en^e 
BO Bceft npejecTE repnaECEOi js,o6po?ibsejm. Ob Apyroft cropoEBi ara 
ApysecTBOEEafl IleTepcy, no npeEMyn^ecTBy Ba^ioEaJrb-Ifl6epaJ[bsafl 
npecca odpymEBaeTCfl sa KoioEiaxBEHXi oSn^flrejefi ci o6bee6- 
EiEME Bi Eej^ocraTR'l naTpioTESMa, bi> nocpaiueEiE oieqeoTBa nepe^'B 
jifli^oirB Bceft seHJUE... TAesajsj Tiwb bi APyroft ^acTE EtMei^KOfi ne- 

^aTE TO E J^IO EBAElDTCfl paSEUfl nEEaETEIIfl EO^ipoCEOGTE, Jl,OnOJL' 

EEion^ifl xapasTepECTERy jieieocte Eamero repoa. Botb mos;^ npo- 
^EiTB 0AEEi> npEuipi, pEcyffiiiiift neTepea Ee RaRi a^pERaEORaro id- 
6oBEERa, a RaRi a^^pERaflCRaro aBaETDpEcxa. IIo BOSBpameEiE esb 
AMPERE neTepci» nocejifljicfl bb oji^nowb esi DSEO-s'i^Meipmxi Rypop- 
TOB-B. Bpaqy, xeraBHieiiy ero bb btomi RypopTi, oeb bm*cto ro- 
Hopapa ynxaqEBarB a^pERaflCREVE aeHjrflME, eotophe ovb npiodpixi 
Ha ocEOBaniE AoroBopoFB, saKSD^eEEHxi cb Tyaeiu^aHE e CRpinjies- 
BUXB RpecTaicE BirbcTO noAEBCE. 8to 6UJIE seEJtE, yiRB paste sa- 
HETUE asrjiE'iaEaHE. HaEBEufi Bpa^-B, ESie^iEBniii Ilexepca, o6pa- 
TEjioE vb MESEcxepcTBO EEOcxpaEsuxi fjkjcb CTb sanpocoiTB sa CieTB 
nojrjr^eEEHX'B oxi» Rxiesxa a^pERaECRExi BJia^i^flif, eo ROEe^so se 
nojBty^EJTB oxxyAa EERaRoro oxB'bxa. 

Ha BxoiTB MH E pasGxaEeMCfl (yb r. nerepcoMB. Bi o6n^eoxBeEso- 
nofflXH^ecROMi oxEomeniE oei>, Ea^o Ay^axB, icepxBBifi ^ejiOB^R^b, RaRTB 
Bupasas)xcE sitfii;E[. Bb axoirB oxEomeEiE oeb AonoiEEXB co6ok> j^ajpi 
naBmnxB si^i^cB wb nocjiiAHee BpeHfl Ben^EffB, BpoA'6 fiaposa Faii- 
MepmxefiEa, mxeRRepa, ESBicxEaro a;90Raxa A-pa ^pE^HaEa e Ap. 
Buxb EosexB en^e RaRofl EE6y;^ Aocyasift Apan^TyprB BOdBMexi ero 
repoeiTB cBoefi EBecii e 6yAexi» a^exb xopomie c6opu. B'bAB ro^a 
ji^ xoMy EaaaAB AasajiacB a^i^cB ci ycnixoiTB EBeca «GxeEJ[E bb 
A$pERi>. 8x0 fiiiJia jno^onuxsafl EBeca cb nepBoOBixEfiniE jrbcaME, 

CB GaieXOHl ^J^eROIBXEpOBaEEUXli EerpEXEEORl* E CTb CxeEJiE Wb i^eExpl 

a4»pERaECRoft AP>^^' Bi sero Bjoofiiesa npeRpacEaa j^aroiiefiRa, pojB 
Roxopofi, BB BE^y cfl BasEocTE, EFpajia caMa ffEpoRxpEca xeaxpa. 
3x0 6iij[a noy^ExejiBEaE EBeca e ;(aBaia xopomie cfiopu. 

A. KOBpOBB. 



90 P7CCK0K BOrATCTBO. 



HsTi OpaHipE. 



Si n UTgJiBHi SHaxeHHTaro BoH]iapme> caicaro KOJOCcai&Haro 
m% MoxHHZ'L tfasapoKb IlapHxa, xft ecu He oinH6ai)Ob, e i^ijaro 
Mipa. Kas^Hfi xeHB b% SV, uca nonoxyAHH, sejaDn^ie ochotp^tl 
A0CT0npH]ii9aT6JD»H0CTH BToro CBoeo6pa8Haro xysefl Toproun, nox- 
XHAaDTL 1Kb UTaifcHt oco^aTO cjiyxaiitaro, Koropufi h boxhti rtb 
no paaHHHi noM^n^eeum h noaepTHBaeTi si HHirb sasoBim'B soh- 
uoifb TO Ty, TO ApyryD CTopony 8Toro KanHTajBCTHqeciaro ^^uiaHC- 
Tepa. & npHmen HtcKOuao pano h, ?to6h y6HTb apexa, pacxa- 
asBBai) no qRTaiBHt h coc^xBHirb rauepexifb, ocTaHaaraBaacb na 
HiaoTopjiixi noApo^HOcraz'b o6ni6fl, zopomo BHaaoiiofi iih& KapraoH 
narasHHa. Ho oxny CTopoay MeHa, — rpoMaAHHfi i^eHTpanHUfl saji'b} 
Hj^^TO B'b poA& TeaTpa, soTopafl o($irai>T% apyrom HicaoibKo 
BTasefl raiJiepeft, b BBepzy, BHHBy, nosaxa Mesa, BnepeAH passep- 
TUsaDTca afbjms nepcneKTHBii xpjtex% sajTb, xpyrHxi rauepeft, 
KOTopua aasyTca en^e ofimnpHie a AJm^nie ovh pasM&n^eHHux'b 
iiOBCDAy tfoJbmHxi Bepsaii. Kyxa hh noBepaemb rjias^b, Bcnxy pas 
BopTHBaDTca HacToanua BHcraBEH BceBOBxosHiix'b npeAMCTOBi, no- 
cantax'b xobojbho HenepeBoxaxoe HaBBanie €noaTeaut&» a cocToa- 
ii^HX'b 081 6^bay oAesxHi Me6ejH, aoBpoai, pasjra^HHX'b CesA^y- 
uieai B np. A^o nepeA% Ilacxofi: aecb xaraBHH'b iiep6noJ[HeH<b myM- 
uofl HopBHoft T04nofl EosynaTejieftf oco6eHHO nosynaTejibHBi^'b; no- 
BCDAy cflyDT'b 6e8yKopB8HeHHO OA^Tue npaaaniHaH h npaaantauH. 
mypmaHBe paBBepruBaeicuxi MaTepifl, ryj's Hicaojib&HZi THca^'b napi> 
Hori no napaeiy, BOcaiai^kHia b BonpocH <aiieHT0B:b>, otb^th npo- 
AaBi^oB%, 8BOHI1 MoneTH y 6e8HBCJeHHUxii aacc^ h CTyai nenpe- 
ptiBHo iAyn^Hxi OMHH6ycoB'b H BapoTif AOHOcantifica Cb yiauH^ — 
Bce bto ciBBaeTca bi oabhi o6^^ft myifb, B'b BOTopoM'b mosho 
eABa pa84BqBTb cjroaa coc&Aeft. BoBapaniaDCb B'b ^BTajbHS). 3to 
6ojbmaa sajia bjb aftpH^e rajijiepefl vesAy AByna paAaHB aoiOBH'b, 

Ba BTOpOMl BTasi, Cb BBAOM'b Vb 06% CTOpOHH Ha TOlbBO ^TO Ha- 

pHCOBaHHyx) MHoft o6mjJD aapTHHy uarasBHa. Bepxaaa ?acTb CT^u'b 
H noTOJiOKi o6pa3yK)T'b Hsan^Hufi cboa'b, pasyapameHHufi nosojiOTofi, 
cayjibnTypofl a SBBonacbX). nocpeAB) uohth bo bcd A*iHHy sajoi, rpo- 
BaAHHfi GTOJii Cb i^iiofi Kyqofi (t)paHiiyBcsBX'b rasexi h sypnaiOB'b 

B BOfl*BaaHMB BHOCTpaHHHMB BBAaHiaHH, a Cb aaSAOfi AJaHHOfi CTO 

poHM CTOJia 12 — 15 cTyjbeBi am nyfijiHBH Aft no 2 — 3 cTyxa aa 
aaapyrjieHHHX'b yrjiax'b. UpoxoAa mhmo Bonifapnie^ bu HoseTO npe- 
cnoKofiHO boStb B'b ^HTajbHK), sanaTb Micro, eoia TaaoBoe oaa- 
aseTCBf H npBHBTBca aa HTOHie raaeTi hjih sa nacaHbe: B'b aaniBM^ 
ycjyraiii qepHBJtbHBi^a, nepbay 6yMara h bohbcptu co HiTeHneieM^ 



HB'b «FAHI^H. 91 

xarasHHa. 3a 8to ci^ Baci HH^ero He noTpe6fDTib: bh cocTaMJieTe 
OABHi H8% axeiieBTORb JOBBO BocTaBieflBoft pcBJiaMH 3Toro rnraHT* 
CBaro MarasBHa. Ho boi?i bs oTopBaiHCB b rjunyjiB sa cTiHu: Bci^ 
OHi BO^TB AO caicaro Bepxy jB^maHH sapTHHaMH; a B08j'b-BHX7>, 
Ha CTonBax-B, tjuCdX'hf na Asyrb rpoiiawHxrb saMHBaz'B pascTaB- 
leBu CTaxyB, 6k>ctei, 6ojDbmiB h MajieHBBifl ^arypH. HobhS HpieMi> 
peKjaim: BofiMapBie BpeAJaraen hcbwh sejaDB^BB'B acHBonBCiiaMi> 
fl cByjBnropaMi BucTaBjiaTB bi wTajiiiHt bcb npoBSBeAeBia 6e3- 
ujiaTHO vb Te^eHie mecTB HexiJb. ^JJ/bxb arot wcxaBBB — ^nocxa- 

BBTB ZyAOJKHHKOB^ Bl BpBlEEJa CHOmeBUl C% HamBXB BJ[i6HTaiIB» — 

riacBTi Be^aTHHB o6'fiiiBj[eBi^, pasBiBiaBHiiB MarasBHoirb. H bu 
BBXBTCt i^TO TocnoAa apTBCTH He tfpesraDTS btbm^ juotfes- 
HUM'S npflrjafflenieirb: Ha Baawofl BapTBB^, 6DCTi, CTaxyi npo- 
cTaBJCHH ^^aMHJifly a^pecb xy^osBBBa b A-j^Ha, saByi) owb Hasna- 
^aeTTb. 8a CBoe npoBSBeAOBie. KapxBHH h CTaxyfl bth no CojameA 
qacTB BTOpocTeneHHUH B TpeTLecTeneHHHB b ^ase ci to^bb spi^Hiji 
HBCTO xenesHoft He EKjrh^ HacBonso a Mori saM^TBTb, Biioie 
2000 4»p. Ho BaBi 6a to hb 6uiOf a xyxosHBSB b noTpeCHTeju 
BCTeTBiecBBXi npexHeTOBi OTnpaajiaDTcx vh Eomfapme b spfldaB- 
MAMiTh BA^CB Boe-^TO orB cetiii B*B BeBMOBftpHOMy B 6e8'b Toro yse 
ABBsefiiD MarasBHa. A t&tb BpeMeaeiCB, MarasBHi ycHl^Baeri* no- 

KpHTL BCi CT&HH CBOefi q^TalBHB XapTBHaMB, SB BOTOpHB OHl rpOBia 

x&ABaro He sanjaTBXB h botophb cocTaBUDTi bi BiaoTopoMfb poAi^ 
nocTOBHHyD BHCTaBsy Biqno xiHHDB^BxcB cvseroBrb... 

n B8op% xofi BOBOJBHO otfpaiaaeTCB Ha ^ery reHiajbHuxi bom- 
MepcasTOBiy ApBCTB^a b MaprapBxy EycBXo (Boacicaut), BOTopnc 
cos^aJB BoBMapme b MpaMopsne 6110x11 BOxoparB cxoxpaxi cb sa- 

MBBa CBOBMH XepXBHMB rjaSBMH BB BCD dXy BBHy^yiD SB8BB, BCK) 

axy cyxoJOBy, Bce 8x0 ABBsenie rpaHAiosHuxi BanBxajracxB?ecBnxT» 
xojec%. XopoBiaB xamBBal OfipasAOBaa MeaBBAal Cboju»bo qejioBi* 
qecBBx% SBSHeft nepeMOJOJH, B^poaxHO, btb BcecBJiBHue sepnoBal... 

Ho BAPF^ A BCBOMHHaD, ^IXO ABaAeMifl HpaBCXfieHHUX'B H nOJBTH- 

qecBflxi Baysi, b'B saciABBia 7-ro AeBa6pB 1889 r., npacyABJia 30- 
jioxyi) MOAaxB ^Bpxi BosMapme 3a <|»BMBxponiH> b o6pa8AOByD op- 
raHBBaAix) shbhb ea ciysan^nx^. B MH-b cxaHOBBxca cxhaho h 
cxpamHo: ycoMBBBmacB B'B 6e8BopucxiB ocBoaaxeieft BOHMapnie, a 
noTp8BosBJi*B Bxi> T^HB. Mbabm'b CMOxpaxi HB HeHB BO HpesHeMy 
Ao6poAyDiHO, HO y xaxparo MOCBe, HopMaHwa no npoBCxoaBAeHii), 
KaB% 6yAxo ABse cfitaaia cb ero saMeHHuxi ycx^ nyiB saMtxHaa 
CJiain,aBaH yjiufiaa b oh^b cypoBO b HeroAyi>in,e Baapaexi bb Meufl. 
Grofixe cmbpho hb BBMBH'b, 6jiaroAixejH qeaoBiqecxaa, He noApa- 
sa&xe rjiynHMi myxBaM-B cxaxyE EoMBHAopal OxHuni a ho bosbojk) 

W6i HBBBBBX'B BeyMicXHHX'B BOCBlBABBld: A SaCXBBJK) rOBOpOTB 
];b4»ph H 4)aBTH. 



92 FFCCROB BOFATCTBO. 

^lacH 7 npoTHBonoJiosHaro KanBHa y^apHJiH pasi: tph cs dojio* 

BBHOft! H OKOJIO nwrh BHpOCb MOJIO^Ofi KpaCEBHfl JISefiUblldHl, Ch 
qepHHMH BOPOTKO nOJ^CTpHSeHHBllH BOJIOCaHH, TaSOt JKO fiopOXBOft, 

Bi 6e87sopH3HeHHO]i:b cDpTyBi H ociiinHTeJMoft 6'k[fl8HU py6aniB'b. 
Cjosbbi ry6u cepM^BOMi, ohi ciersa BasjoHiuca b% Hamy cto- 
poHy, MHio yjiiitfHyjiCfl no axpecy xaii'B n, xas^ HacTOAmifl opaTOpi, 
SByHHUH'b rojiocoiTB, 6evb sanHHSH h cb npHJH^ecTByDqHioi aecTaiui^ 
npoB3BecB: tqecTL HKibK) npocHTb ABU'hy xejLBJomjBDCb ocKOTptTb Mara* 
BBH'b, nocjrbxoBaTB sa mhoS: kh^ Cj^&n Bpaftne npiflTHO xaTB HHT.e- 

peCyDfUHMCfl BTflMl BOnpOCOm Heo6lOABMH£ paSiaCHeBUI E HiCKOJBSO 

JKKSonuTHHxi uH<i)pi». Hsi-aa croja ^BTanHH h cb 6osob'b en noMr 
HAjiocB qejoBisi ABaM&TB: rpyBHHft nosBJofi ;rocnoAHfi(i cb sas* 
HUMB naHepaMH h, sasi oaasaiocB oefiqaci se, Hanum^eBHOfl h pe- 
soaepcBoft pi^BD, — ^no Bcet B^poflTHOCTB, 6BBniift cjiysanqft vb 
saaofi HHtfyAB KOHTopi, a HHHt npasABHft panrBe; napa TOHSBrB 

j^OBOJBHO KpaCHBHXl MBCCB, CJfi,a QO BUFOBOpy aMepBSaHOB'B, CB 

KpacHTiM'B EeAeRopoMi wb pyaarB; npsseuflcrnfi, Dpiufi Hcnaseai 

CB HeBOBKOSBHH'B npOBBHOmeHieil'B, OJIBBICOBSM'B I^B^^TOM'B JIHl^a H 
SaOBCBOft KHBSKOfi, H^CBOJIBKO OpOBHHI^iaJIOBl H BapHSaROB'B \U 

BBoi'B noKopHHft cjiyra. IIpofiAX b^ckojbso AecflTsoB'B maroBi no 
BoppBAopy, MH Booufl B% 6oiBiny]D BoveaTy, saBtmaHHyD TeHHHHB 

GTOpaifH B OCBinHeHHyiD MaCCOfi raSOBIIZ'B POSBOBI B BJeBTpBHeCBBXl 

jannoHBB'B. tdra BOMHaTa, saroBopBXB opaTop«B*qBqepoHe, 6Mjia 
ycrpoeHa hbicb b^ BBxy o6iev^eEis BEi6opa MaTepifl HamaMH BiieHT- 
savB. Bh, B0H69H0, w^ BHaeTC, saaie HeB^pHHe tohh Beiepeee ocB'b- 
meeie Bja^eTi Ha i^B^Ta: Be6ecHO-rojy6o& BasaTCflsejeHEiirB, gris- 
perle pobobhm'b. H botb ji,ia Toro, mo6u wtb bobmoshoctb xanaiTB 

opieHTflpOBaTBCB B'B TBBHJIX'B H BC^OpOlfB, BOfiXapme yCTpOU^ 9T0 

0TA*&J6Hie, ocB%THB^ ero BJieBTpB^ecTBoirB, B'B Ty nopy, bofab en^e 
Mu He ycnftjra npoaecTB btoti caiTi noBcx>Ay. Ho BHtcrt cb t^i, 
AJA BJiieHTOB'B HaniBrB, BOTopnH 6h HOseiajH Tyn »e cyxHTB^Ba- 
Bofi 94>$eBT'B HXB ojaTBe 6yMfirb hh&tb hb 6ajiy, npn rast h cb^- 
Hax'B, B'B hx'b ycjyraifB sa^cb h rasoBue poxBH». H nonyTBO u^e- 
pone cootfHiaeT'B h^^cbojibbo iai(i>p'B, BOTopoa aamb hbitb noHHTie 
paBH^paxi MarasHHa. 

dAeBTpH^ecBHrB jaxni vh BoHxapnre Bcero 3900> hb'b botophxi 

400 JBMH'B CB BOnTOBOft Ayrofi CBCTeHS KbHCB H 3500 jaMDOieBO^ 

HaBajBBaHiB CHcrexH dxHCCona* djeBTpn^ecTBO bto pasBBBaercB noji- 
coTHeK) AHHaMB^ecBBxi ManraHi, dpbboabxsx'b B'B A^ftCTBie 9 rpo- 
MBAHUMB napoBHMH xamHHaHH CHJox) b:b 1125 jiomaAefi. Boi bth 
npflcnooo6jeHifl naxoAflTCB B'B Asyz'B sajiaxi BToporo noABaJCBfiaro 
dTBsa saHHMaD^aro 2500 BBBApaTHiixi xeTpoBi (obojio ^eraepTH 
ABCflTBHEi)... HcnaHeqB nepeonpaniBBaeT^B, oveBHAHO noiaraa, tto 
ocjiumaacfl. PaHiBe cbmoaobojebho noBTopaexi cioaa u?epoHe» 
shJL'b 6h sejiaB pasAaBBTB HHOCTpani^a hoai CpeiieHeirB napHS- 

CBBX'B qyABCB. KtO-TO BB'B HBCB HOJDfionEITCTBOBaJl ySHBTB, BBByi) 



H31 WAHipH. 93 

montax^ nospHBaerb bocb fioHxapme. c^eCATb thcatb Ksaxpai^ 

HHXl MeTpOBl»9 OTB&qaeT'B npOBOAHHR^t <He C^HTaje[ Ciysdl, RO- 

HDineHB H np.». no HameMy, SHa^HTrb, oo^th xecflTSHa. Oxh, axH, 
o6t meci BHTHHyjiH mea h (uymaDTi Cb sHeifiniHX'B HHTepecom; 
paHTbe TopsecTByerb, a HcnaHeu'b-RoppecnoHAeHir'b ToponHTca sa 
uHCHBaTB. Mu ysnaeHrb rbwb BpeMeHem, hto napoBHa MamHHu pac- 
npexijJiDTi no BceHy SAami) ho tojbbo ce^T'By bo h xeniOTy, abh- 
syo^yD cHJiy (djieBaTopH h np.) h Boxy* BoAa HaaanBaeTCfl hbi XByx'b 
KoioweBib noA% AOMOVb, TJij6nnov> oahh'e b% 35 caseH'b, Apyrofi B'b 
47. HacTb uapa pacxoAyeTCfl h aa npHFOTOBJieHie hhhih js^ui ciysa* 
lE^nx'b, Basi Mil cefinacB yBHABm... 

npOflAfl HicXOlBSO XUHHftfimBX'B ROppHAOpOffb, MU HOAHaiBCb 

dTassoM'b BHine h onyTBincb fb icyxHi, BeiHuey soropofi Tpyxao 
npeAcraBHTb €66*6, He BBAas^ ea < bi boihomi xo^y- A bbi spacHO- 
pftHHBiix^b ycTb opoBOABHKE jBDTCJi pi^H H sypHaTX Boxsajiy xo- 
BBeBaMi-^uaBTponaMi. «Mocbe b MaxaMi BycBBO bcho bba'^^b, 
CBOjbBO BpeMeHH TpaTHTicii noHaopacHy y cjyasaBiBX'b Ba to, ^to6u 
yxoABTb saBTpaBaxb h o6ijifiLTb si 006*6 bjib B'b pecropaHO); ci> 
;ipyrot CTopoBH obb noHBMajiB, hto oroerb sasynaTb npoBBsix) a 

rOTOBBTb BBB^y B^ rpOMa^BOMl KOlBHeOTBt AU BCiX'b CJySEBKBXl, 
B 06BiaM 8BOB0MUI BOjyHBTCB BeBipOBTHaB, a ByXBB 6yAeT'b8aMi- 
HBTOlbHO BAOpOBaB B BByCBBB... H BOT!b MOCbO B Ma^aMl piOIBJIB 

AftBaxB AftpoM^b BBH^y BCOMy nepooBajiy AOMa»... — To-octb, sBawn, 
BjaTB BMi HaoTB 8apa6oTBofi BiaTu BaxypoD B BacTOJibBo se 
yMOHbBiaB.BMi BjaTy xeBbraMB, npoHOCBTca y mobb vh fojiobIi. Ho 

MOB paSMHIBjefliB npopBaBH OABBOXyBIHilMB BpUBaMB BOOTOpra MOBXl 

coc^Aeii: Ao6poTa xosaeB'b, ohobbaho, bpbmo BposopiuoBaJbHa en- 

BOCTB BOTJOffb fl CBOBOpOA'b, yflOTpe6ZBeMHX'b J^JUk BpHrOTOBieHiB 

bbb^hI Kotih ajib eyna — HacToaBiJie MerajijH^ecBie ^bbh c&Kpinn- 
BaMB; OBH Harp^BaDTCB ropB^BMi napoMi, b sapb se spa bomob^b 

OCTpOyMBO yCTpOOBBHXl FBAPABlBqeCBBX'b BpOCCOBl flOCJiyfllHO B 

lOBKO BOBopauBaeT'B 8TB rpoMaxHHB MaocH, BOAHBMaeT'B B ony- 
CBaeri btb nyxoBBB^BHB rphbibb: BOSapaMi, a bx% j^hi adsbhm, 
ocTaeTCfl TOJiBKo BBABBjiBBaTb BB Kay^yKOByx) rpymy, A^ficTBf lomyK) 

BOBAyXOMl. nOMJbmflBaDTl OBH XBBBB^yX) SBABOCTb BCnOJIHBCBDMH 
lOSBBMB, HBCTOBfl^MB HepBasaMB. KOTJIOKb BCOFO AOBBTb 06B^eK> 
BM'&CTflMOCTbH) B'b 365 BQA^P'b: BMOHHO 3 HB'B BBX'b BO 65 BeAepT>, 

2 DO 37, 4 BO 24, Or'b cynoB'b BopemjiB bi sapeniiM'b. BAOjn» cxd^Hu 
TBHyTca sasie-TO (5e8BOBe^BHe nyryBBHe mBa4»H, oti BOTopux'b 
BHrnerb orpamHHM'b sapoMib. Ham'b npoBOXHBB'b roBopBTi abb-tph 
ciOBa HOAomoABieMy BOBapeBsy: TOT'b 6isMTb srb OAHOMy Bsib no- 
eapoBi, a dTori boaxoabti srb sasBM'b-TO pysoflTKaM'b b bbih- 
BaoT'b BOBopTHBaTb flx'b. BApyn flepex'B bbhibmb riasaMH ABepAu 

BIRaij^B'b OTBOpBDTCa OAHB SB APyTOfl, B BBOp'b Bam<b BBAaeTrb Ha 

jUBBB^fimifl pflA'B p'bmeTOB'bi BOTopui y6iraeT'b AaJOBo-AaJiOBo, 
npoBpaBiaBCb vb boba^ bbjih B'b saByD-ro ^epByx) JiBBii). ccdxo 



94 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

cnei^iajbHUfl new am sapeHBfl ^H^nrrescoBi h kotictb; htb cpa sy, 
B-B H^CKOJiBBO MHHyTB, roTOBjm TpHCTE nopi^fl** noB^Bjen npo- 
BOAHBE'B. <A BOTi, upoAoixsevh OHi, — oco6ue annapaTB, hto6h 
xapHTb RapTo4»ejn: oeh bi oahvb npieM'B HsroTOBiaDTi 600 bhjio- 
rpaMMOBi (osojio 37 njffiwb) KapTOit»eJU>»... Bon new, r^t Bapffri 
nianfi,: nn'b Han hjsho 10,000 wh xeHb... Bote aanapaTS xu 
npHroToaieHUL xo^: bs noi^aca obh MjBUOVb 300 jiHTpoB'& (({oxte 
24 Bexepi) naniiTsy... Borb mj^obum oea xu noxarpiBaHia ti^* 
J0R<B... BoT% MamHHa ajia p^kh xjtt6a tohkimh joMmoB... BoirE».^ 
H cb Basxoi HOBofi nepcneETHBOfi, KOiopax pasBepTBaaeTCJi v% 
arofl <iyxoBHii(HOfl KyxHi TaprasTDa, Hanri Bocropn craHOBHTca 
Bce DiaHeHHie h luaiieHHte, b-b pendant b% oBpyiuimitel nacB 
aTMOC(|^pi, B-B xoTopofi Miz o^iHBaeifCii noToiTE BOTb yse wmyn 

npoBoxitHs% noxir&^aen ncraoJioriraecKift HOMeHTB, sorxa spH- 
TejiH HauHaDTB uoAjuuBtLTh He TOiBBo HtexpoTax'B oGHOBaTeieft 
uarasHHa, ho h o shbbi noBapoBi, xoropse i^ibjnifi xeHB cemh 
noAsapHBauTCfl sa'^cb to na oapy, to Ha rasy, h yBOxnn nam na 
CB^sit Bosxyxif vh AJiHHHyD creujiHHyx) rauepei). IIpofixA ee, 
HH flpB6jnuBaeMCH si ctojobewb h, orafiaH ci HapysHot cTopoHH 
ByxHK), OTsyxa toibbo ^to bhhiih, HaTHsaeMCH npesxe seero na 
TpH 6ojibmiH saccH Ha HaHepi t^xi, b'b xoTopurB pa^jtaiOTM (Sb- 
jotu Ha sei^HHXi ^oporarB, ho toibko cb OTBepcTUiicH nonrape. 
KaccH BTH npoA^JaHH wh ct^h^^ xyxHH. Ei Kas^oft bbi hhx<b 
oexerB oooGut BoppHxopi h y Bas^ofi bhchts 6oxBniaff HepHaa 
jLOCsa, Ha BOTopofi BpynHioiH dyBBam nanHcano xtiomb: ^rexawi 
ROTjieTB», <poct6h$% c% BapTo4^eieM%>, €6apaHBe CTerHO» (gigot de 
moaton, — bctbth caasaTB, JODtiHiioe 4^paHi;y8CBoe (5j[k>ao)i h t. h. 
<9to MeHD ceroAHamnaro o6£Aa») — chobb pas^aeTCa rojioci hb- 
niero ^v^epoHe: tBas^Hft CJlysaI^ift miieTB npaBO sa saBTpaaoirB 
Ha MjiCHOe 6juoxo no Bs6opy, na Ciioxo OBonieft h na xecceprrB; sa 
o6'&AOMi na cyn^B, na MHCHoe (5jik)X0 no BH6opy, na 6ik>xo OBon^efi 
h Ha xeccepTi. H bot-b coo6pa8Ho BH(5HpaeM0Ky xacHOMyy bbi^hS 
CTanoBHTCH, y Tofi Baccu, vii nanHcano uoAxo^fln^ee eny (jnDAO, 
noiy^erB ero, saT^Ki HanpaBjaercH bi 6y4)6Ty, Tj^i eny wdti^ 
yxpoifB B Be^epoMi no noj-iHTpa bhhb bjih se no tiyTHjBi HHBa, 
cuoTpa no aseiaHix)! h Haaonei^'B nxeTi b'b CTOiOByD n 3aHHii2BeT!b 

TBM'B M%CTO». 

?H?epoHe npoBOj^BT'B HacB UHHO BOJOccajiBHaro 6y<j^ay vffb 

CTOHT'B n/bxoe BOACBO 6yTEU0Bl Cl BBHOITB H nSBOlTB, H BBOAHTl 

HacB Bi rpaHAioBHyi) croJiOByx). BscoBaa cbmb no oe6£» ona bb* 
seTca npnujincHyTot ovb ea nopasHTeJBHot ^hhh h mapHfihs. Ohb 
ocB'6n];eHa 80 OBnaMH, TanoTca na 56 caaseH'B h ycTaBjceaa h^cbojib- 
KHMH AeCHTEaMH rpoKaAHHxi cTOJOtix H8!B spacHBro xepeaa. «y 
HECTB i^apHTi BA^CB paBCHCTBO, — o6pan](aeTca si naiCB cb npiaTHoft 
yj[Ei6E0ft npoBOSBTiifl: n nnn^a h ctojis o^^nnaBOBii xia BOtx%» 



HB'B «PAHI]^IH. 95 

na'TfiHafl ot'B caiiaro saypa^^Haro HpBRaBqasa h bmotb xo ^iHi^nb, 
saHHMaiD^HX'b canoe BHCOsoe noioseBie b'b cJ7se6HOft iepapxiB. 
EAHHCTBeHHaa pasHHi^a ctojob«b, npeAHaaHaqenHHn ^jl& Ha^JiBCTsa 

H CTOBB^BXl no o6oBMrb BOHI^aifl 8aj|£[, 9T0— npBBpHBaUniafl BX1> 

KieeHsa. Ho Bjeeesy hh Hafi;ieirb, Bnpo^exrb, n sa Bcixi CTOJaxi 
»eHCEofi CTOJOBofi. 3a%cb se mh b'b Hyscsofi ctojoboS. Bcb ciy- 
flsan^ie o^flsaeu npHHHMaTb bhiiu Bib caicoifb axaHiH. Tojbro ji'I^toh'b 

OT'B 15 iDHH B AO 15 CeHTflCpB B SBMOK), B'B TeHOHie BHBapfl H 

(t)eBpajiii uiamfiwh, HanaJBHBSH oTxtieHiS (chefs de comptoir et de 
service) Ewbvyrb npaso yxoxBTB vh ce6'& AOMoft ofii^aTB B'B 6 n. 
55 K. Benepa h yse ne BosBpan^aTbCfl wb MarasBHii^. Haffli npo- 
BOAHHK'B HanpaBiaerB aacB OTCDxa b^b seecByi) cTOJKOByD ropasxo 
MeHBrnflxi pasMipoB'B fl CB H'&csaiBBO JEy^mei o6oTaHOBROft, sa- 
Td^Mi yBassBaeTB HaitB nepesi ctobjuhha XBepe na tpotbd cto- 

JOByX), Xlfl By^epOBl B 0C06hX'B npBSaSHBBOBl, BOTOpHe paSBOBflT'B 

H paaBOCBTi Ben^H aa aomi: sxa nocjAxBB& cTOiOBaa 6hm nojHa 

SaBTpaSaBIDBMH. . • 

CjiiAyDT'B HOBEiB pas'BBCHenifl HB^epoBB. Hhcjio Bcix'B npHBasqB- 
KOBi fl ciysaB^BX'B B'B BoHMapnTc, BocTeneHBO noAflHMajiCB, xonuo 
B'B HcreBmeM'B 1895 roji^y xo 4,800, b8% hbxi 3,600 npssas^u- 
KOB'B xysCTBi, ^550 seHii^BH'B H 650 Ry^epoBi, paastej^HHxi b 
pascHuiBBSX'B. Goo6pa3Bo CB STEM'S npflxo^BTCfl roTOBHTB eseABeBHO 
4,800 nopiqfl, na hto nen'h^ — b nepeBosy na Ham'B cnen, — 115 
nyAOB'B Kflca, 120 nyxoB'B xji%6a, 25 nyxoB'B BopoBBBro Hacia, 

lyOOO Syp'B BJTO 550 BpOJniBOB'B (B'B AHB, KOr^a BTB Sapsifl BBH^^- 
BBDTB MBCO). GyBB, EBB'S Mil yse BBA^Jfl, TOTOBBTCfl 365 Be^epi, 

a BflB;rB noTpe6jBeTCB 10,000. Basa a nasa BanaBaerca oti 15 ao 
20 6o?eEi. npBBasiflEB a npasaaqBi^ii BaBTpasaDTB a o6ftAax)rB 

TpeMB CMi^EBMB, BBSAftA CM^Ba B'B 1,200 MyxqBfl'B B 150 — 200 

seHB^BH'B* SaasAafl catea OTxi^eaa oti citATDBiefi apoaesyTBOMi 
B'B oxaai ?arB: 50 aaayTi noJiaraeTca codcTBeaao aa naa^y, 10 MaayTb 
aa y6opKy a MHTBe nocyxH, npoBlTpaaaaie ctoioboA, nparoTOBjeaie 
aoBBix'B apa6opoB'B. «OcBOBaTejiB aarasaaa, roaopaT'B Barn's apoBOA- 
BflB'B, — otfpaTBjB oco6oe BBBMaaie aa y^odcTaa AaMcaaro nepco- 
flajca: r-sa apaaaBHai^ii ae o(5B8aaH cbmb 6paTB ce6i 6ix)xa, ebb's 
Mys^aaii; nxb npaciyBCBBaDTi Baa's b'b pecTopaa^ (y aacs acefi 
npflcjiyrfl npa ctoiobux's 6oAie 100 ^eioad^Ei); EOJiaHeCTBO bbbb 
a BBBB A'B aax'B ae orpaaaqeao: a to a Apyroe croars aa CTOJii, 
a oflt MoryTi 6paTB ero, cbojbbo 3a6iaropa8cyxaTca... Mu, anpo* 
HOMi, Ao oaxi BOP'S ae Moseai nosajOBaTsca aa 8ioynoTpe6jiefliB... 
Epoai Toro, aasi toibbo aama a&xh npaxo^flT's yTpoM's b% mb- 
raBBH'B^ BM'B ABeTCB BO qaniB'& Ko4>e cs mojoeomx bjib xe moBO- 
lajiy... H xojseai, BapoHeai, aaM'bTBTB, qTO cjiysaa^ie o6oero aoia 
cBepx'B o(5H?Haro ^acjia 6jiK)A'B bh^dts ea^e apaso, ecjB nose- 
jiaiors, B8BTB AonojiBBTeaBayx) MBcayx) bopaId: 6jiaroAapaHfl aep- 



96 pyCckOB BOFATCTBO. 

GOHai'b AU'B eft BHaMeHaTaibHyH) sjraqsy cnopiua Byciiso* vb ^ecn 
aamero yMepmaro xo8£Haa-4»iiJ[aHTpona»... 

SCejiafl pasciflTB nacs cpe;ui dxofl saTAHjBmeflca jeiuQ(iH o no* 
Tpe(5HTtj[BHHxi cBfln^eHHOA^ficTBiflxi, Hami uqepoHe x&iaeri ca- 
MHfi cepbesHHfl BHA'B H TopsecTBesHO Ha^HHaeT%: ccym^ecTBeHHoe 
OTJH^ie HyscBofi h AaHcsoft ctojobhxi jesHn, BoponeMrB, ^ase n 
He wb npHBHuemxi npeKpacHaro nojia, a vb HicBOUBO pasHoft 
KapTHH'b, BOTopyi) npexcraBiBDT'B tb h APyran saia. B'b MysLCBofl 

CTOJOBOfl, Tf,i 06iAaX>T%, BBB'B B TOJUBO TOO CBBSajTB BBBTB, 1,200 

^ejiOB^Bi cpasy, i^apHxi OTHOCHTejiBHaB TaniBBa: Basxiifl cjryxaaiifi 
noaB9yeTCfl dTflMrb BpeMeHeirB, wo6ii opoHHTBTb cbok) rasexy; pas- 
roBopn fljowMfiBu Ao UHEBxyiia. B'B AaMcsofi CTOioBoft Bcero 200 
opB6opoBi, HO Bor^a bzoxhqib Ty^a, o(5HBH0BeHH0 HH^ero He bi> 
cocTOflHiH pascanmaTB: ;iaM£i ue JUoCfBTib saHHiiaTBCB noxHTBBoft n 
DpeABOHHTaDrs HepTBOft 6y]iar4^ XEBse pasroBopH*... Hama BoiOHHa 
<}>iipsaeTB^ BBBi oxHffb qeJiOB^Bi. OcTpoia OGo6eHHo npHBiJUiCB no 
BBycy HcnaHuy, BOTopiifi pax^f hto noHBii 6ucTpyD uaBHyx) pt^ 
npoBOAHHBa, H He Mosen pasorHyTBca OTiCMtxa. 

HpOXOAB KHMO CTOJOBOfl, r^i iXE By^Opa H paS^BtSAHHe^ VHO- 

poHe o6'BflCHaeT<B Ham, noHexy Taiirb CTynsLTh hobui h bhjuh b^ 
BTOTi, BasajiocB 6h, Heypo<iHHft hbcb. ^ijio b'b tomi, ^to ciyauiHue 
Bi caMOBTB MarasHHi, npoABBi^H, BaccHpii H np., Haunaun cboS 
pa(5oHifi AeHB b<b crporo onpeA^JeHHHft hbcb: BoHiiapme OTspHBaexca 

JI'bTOH'B Wb Vli y^PAf 8HM0I) B'B 8 HaCOB^b, H CI CBMBrO MOHeHTB 

OTBpuTifl B'B MarasHH^ yse xojshu naxoxHTBCJi BB^HpaeiiHe no oie- 
peAH cly2Ban^e; qexaepTB qaca nosse Bci pBAOBse npHBasmBH aojs- 

BU 6HTB Ha CBOHX'B MiCTBXli, B e^e nflTB MHHyi'B CnyCTB nOBBJB- 

nTCB opHBasiHi^u H BBB^Ayion^ie pasjH^HHMH OTA^BMH HarasHHa. 
To^Ho Tasse h saBpiiBaexcfl BoHKapme B'B onpeA'&ieHHoe no Bpe- 
MeHaBTB roAa BpeMfl: h'b 7 h. 30 h. hih b'b 7 q. 55 h. Be?epa.Co- 
Q^pasHO Cb dTHH'B ycTanaBiBBaeTCfl onpeA^jeHHufi qacB a-ia bbsaoA 

CM^HH B'b SaBTpaB^ H 06'&Ai- HOBB OAHB TpOTb nepCOHaJia Wb CTO- 

JiOBofi, ABt Tpera Wb HarasHH'b B'b yciyraiirb nosynaTejiefl. Ho J^A By- 
HepoB'B, pas'biBAHKix'B H pascujbHux'B Kbjko coBctHi APyroe. Ot'b 
5 ^. 30 H. yxpa, BOFAa BoHHapme nociuaeirb hb pshob'b bb npo- 
BHsieft, h Ao 5 H. 30 M. Be?epa, bofab BuiasaeT'b nocJiiAHBfl nap- 
TiB dBHnasefi, OTBOSBn^HX'b tobbph hb ctbhiuh, ud^JiHX'b 18 cMta'b 
noBOBOB'b nOBHAaeTB eseAHOBHo Bopoxa HaraBHHa h BOSBpan^aexcB 

OOBTB. nOHflXHO, ^XO HBCl BBBXpaBB H 06ijifik JfM ByHOpOB'b H paS'B- 
^BAHUX'b BBBHCHXIb BBBRAHfi A^Hb OXfb WCB BU-bBAa H BOBBpaHl^eHlfl 

BX'b cifi^Hu. Oahh npi^BSBDT'b, Apyrie oxnpaaiApxcB. Boxi no^eHy 
Bi cxojoBofl, npeAHasHa^eHHoft A'<fl dxoft rpynnii cjiyaKan^Bxi, tbd^imh 
u miofm itihjmii denh^ x&ifb ^ojie, hxo jibd^b Bxoft saxeropin iji^Tb 

He ABB paBB, KBBl npHBBBHHBHi B XpH pBBB... 

BOTb H GBHO ^. «OXAtjieHie 3BCneAHAifi>. IIpoflAB HiCBOJbBO 

BoppHAopoBi, nama boioheb bxoahxi b'b rpoH&AHyx) saiy, nepeAt- 



H8'B WASSfE. 97 

jieHHys) ifaccoD 6ap&epoKb Ha unoseeviia oootexi oTA^jien^, saa^oe 

CB H^BOJIBKHHH npHKaBUBaXH, CKJi/O^iMX Sa KOHTOpBOA, R I^ijCEOfb 

inTadoii'b ynaBOBn^HBOBrB, nHCi^OB<B axpecoB^ h Has.iefiiD^ESOB'B. IIpH 
BX0A% B'B savAoe OT^^^esde Haxracb spynBioiH tfysBauH, — a jcohh- 
pyi) HicKOJEBBO TaBHB'b Haxniiceft: OmdnMUM I. CftBepo-^BocTOHHize 
AenapTaneHTH (Aisne), ApxeHHS, MapHCBift JEenapTaMeHTi h t. Am 
OmdfMeHie 7. HopKanxui; OmdvbAeme XI. SarpaHH^Hsia 8Bo- 
nexHi^in. A. Kei&HS h t. ;(. n t. ^. Bb G6mfiu% Bxa aajia, hih 
B-ipBie dTorb tieBBOse^ffini pa^'B 8&i% npoasBoxHTOb BQeuTjiima 
BOioocajiBHoft TOBapHofi craHiuH, HO c% 6o3hmwMi> ^atsowb bbccb h 
oTAisovbf CE tfojEbmnifB tocioicb cjiysan^Hxi h c% fiojrte yHtiofl 
u Atjecoo(paaHofi opraHH8as(iefi, H-biTB na seiissaz'B xoporai'B. IIo- 
VEHyTHO dieBaTopH HOXHHMaDT^ eH>xa H3% MarasHHa i^iHa rpy^a 
naseTOBi, oTHtTOHHSLxi HOMepaKH npoBHHQiaaH&rB hjh sarpaHHH- 
HHX'b axpecaTOBi. Gefi^acB se BOHTopn^HBaKH OTucBHBaDTca coor- 
B'&TCTByK)H(ia HHe&Ma BaBasTOBa, cocTaBJUieTCH HaBja^Hafl, nnmyTCH 
axpeca. A rbwh BpeueBOMi ornpaBjuLexHa Benqr ynaBOBHBaDTCA. 
BecB iceKaHHBM'B OTHpaBBH, (^raHHsai^ui TOJOBifimcBaro xpyxa 4»yHB- 
i^ioHHpyeTi nicb tbbi se opaBHjiBHO, 6wh aamsjwh h noTpaceHift, 
RdBi H xopomo npHrHaHHHH ^laeTH MeBaTopoBi. PasxaDTca bubih- 
KHBaHis HOMepoBi H ropo^oB'B; 6ofiBO 6irjT% nepuL no 6yifarb, 
mypiHHT'B coiOKa naaeTOBi, cxyuTi hojiotobi, utiBBaa fbobah; h 
HjiaTij^pHH 8jieBaTopoB!B HpoTflrHBa»TeH cjOBHo pysH noojymHHXi 
rHraHT0B«B hs'b cTsea^H h oxnoi hohh», to npmoea, to ynocaTo- 
BapH... 

GaycBaeMCii xst h^cboibbo sTaseft. B% noxBajuHOHi 8Tasi» 
By^a nytfjinut ne xonycBaerca spoxt b^botopiiz'b HCBjmuTeJBHHzi 
cjy weBi, owepmaeTOH HOCiiXHaa ybctb onepaiqft HepOAi OBonqa- 

TOAHOfi OTUpaBBOft TOBapOBi: CB aKOBaTOpOBl OHH CBJiaAHBaDTCfl B'B 
601BHIU[ BOpBHHB, B OTTyXB jmiB HB HOBOSBH. <& HpepBy BB HiCBOABO 

MHHyTo^ name nyTesieeTBia ctb hpoboxhhbomi h pascBasy, bbboo spi- 
JB^e Hpe;icTaBjireT'& btoti no;iiBajiBHHi orasi, By^a hh4^ uphduocb 
HonaeTB oahbs^^h ho HeodzoxHMoerH. SI 6Hi'B6^TaB% HasoBaeifHM'B 

«H0Mep0M% BaCCII» (06'B BTOHl tM. HHSO) H CHB^aJB yCJEOBHICa, 

^toCh Be% MOE noBynBH npnejiajm na aox%, ho hotoitb p-bmnjitB 
ynaaTHTB tot^bcs se h bsatb hz-b ei co6ofi. Kaccnpi au'b xh^ 
pasptmeHie cnycTHTBca bhhb^b, wo6h othcbbtb ho «HOxepyBacca> 

MOH Ben^H: B'B HOXBaJBHOXX BTasi BOHI^eHTpHpyDTCE HO T0J[BB0 to- 

Bapn, oTHpaBjiHexHe HHoropoAHUxi h sarpaHH^HincB noBynaTeiax'B, 

HO H Tt DOBynBH, BOTopHA Hpej^eTOHTi pasocjuiTB HO IlapHsy H 

oBpecTHocTjDFB... CHycBaiOGB. FHraHTCBafl djeBTpH^ecBaa laxna bi 

iieHTpi^ H xaeca xeHBrnHzi launi no CToponaxi. Hsi ct^hi Top« 

H9LTb rpexaxHoe seiotfa, na vaHepi t%i%, no botopumg^ Te^eTi 

xyBB KB xeJBflHi];az!B, ho b'b h^cbojbbo pavB o6iexHCTfte; a noA% 

sejio6axH BopsHHH. HS'B sejio(SoBrB jiBeTCB xontH&a crpya naBeTOBi 

H 6hctpo HaBOAHflen bopbhhh. HanoiHeHHHH ceftHaci se otoxbh- 
M i. onM% n. 7 



98 VfOCEOE BOrAlCIBO. 

nmcM n cropoHj, dtoAmuuh sjcthmh, a coMfipmtaie m Heaeix- 
jievKo eofrBfjetcM. He npoouo h HtcBonucn mbhjti, sun to 
vn oj(Horo, to hs« xpyroro isejoiSa nonawH aoi hoethu, CAi- 
jaHHiu v( paaynraHBxi orxiiJeHuaib xarasma; h ciymanpe no mo- 
eif J cHOiiepj KaecB» Tfn se od^xbhuh Bci neiiQi, hocdhu 9tot% 

Tasi sanb a^o douuo Hacven TezHnecBwn» 7x06cm h nfk 
jeeootipasHOCTH opraHHsaiuH vh founnccb iiarasHHaacfc, to a nosBOiD 
0B6t cxiJUtTB anie seteiunoe orcTjueme n paacaasaTb TOMiHe- 
xaiBani, KOTopuS joorpeGjaerca au OTiipaBsa noaynoBi m xpy- 
roirb rpoMaAHOirfc tfasapi napHxa, saHHMaDmen oepnoe Micro 
nocjii BoHxapme, — ^Jlyupb. Tam annaparb, KOHj^eHTpapyraiplI na* 
BOTH, COCTOHTb BVh pa^a HaSJIOHHIIXl sejiofioiTK, BwjB^Hn m 
araiui vb arax^i h hsi xBHsyn^azca Hesxy nnni (nps hohoi^h 
dieaTpHHecTBa) ropBdOHTajBEHxi (esaoHe^Him peiiHeft hs'b xoicra, 
soTopne aBTOHaTHHecBH TflHyrb naBOTH ot% bohkb oahofo sejio6a 
AO Banaia APyroro. Ha saBOHi 6u DTasi b vh saBom 6u or^a- 

JieBHOH<B MiCTi JlfBpa BH BB CA^JUJB SaByBBB, Banifl naBOTH, zo- 

pomo nepeBHsaHBHO b ch HaAnBcaBHUMi axpecoMi, (5pocai)TCH Tjn 
me B% 6jBsaflniee pasBiTBienie desBOBaqsaro zom^oBaro peiiHfl b 
notKJvb ryxflTB bs'e oxfloro yrxa STasa b^ ApyroS, bxhtb no se- 
m6bm% m% BepxBBro arasa b^ cj[iAyi>npft, noaa bo npnuHByrs 
wb BBSH6XI OTasi, — Vh 6oAmoft BoxnaaiB ci ApyrBMB naBeraMB, — 

Vh €C0pTBp0BanB0B7 CTOJy». Sa^CB OBB BCTpiTBTCa Ch BOABBMB 

ApyrBZ% napTift naaeroBi, BOTopsa npBnjnuB no ApyrBin passiT- 
ajreBiBHi peiiflB, b ofipasyDrs rs^tsuA boaobopotb Ben(eft. 06niBpBiift 
copTflpoBaiBHuft CTon HOAieBHo BpamaoTca BOKpyra cBoefi ocb, b 
spyroifB CTOBT'B ciysanUoi BOTopue BiicuaTpflBanrb naBeTH,npeA- 
HasBa^eflflHe ajib bbi BBapxaiOB'B: sasAHft BBapraii mAerh cbo- 

BZl CiyBUmBZ'B, paBBOBflQBX'B BOQB HCBADnTOlBBO B'b dTOKl pafiOBi^. 

9x0 OTCTynieBie mbjo, bbpohoh^b, oxBjieBaerB hbcb oti samero 
nyTemecTBia no Bonvapme: a^jo boo BAerB o&h ornpaBBi. Bo rjiaat 

€1 BamBM% npOBOSBTHKl, MU npOBUB ICBHO HBSHBTO dTBSa, BEinUfl 

na ABopi, saTiii'B hb yiBi^y, b nepeftA^ ee, o^yTBjracB cbobb bo bab- 
AiBlBZ'B MarasBBa, a bmobbo bi BOHDmsflrB ero. KoBDnraH stb 

CBiTJ[Ha, OHOBB HBCTW B BOpaBKanTl, BBBl B BCO B% EoBXapBie, 

cbobmb pasMipaMB: b% xaiieuBOifB Kopnyci BacuTSBaeTca cbbbz- 
AOft CTopoBU 75 CTOftjCB, TBB'B BBBi CBOBrB lomBAeft y xarasBBa 
160 (apoMi coTBB, BOTopyi) owh npBHaBBMaeTi). BBcociABeifiBa- 
pexBOMi capai ctobti oboao ctb bobobob'b b pyqBEirB tbhobi. 
Oahbzi BynepoBi b bobaxobi oboao 70. ?to se BacaoTca ao nop- 
coEBja, paBBosan^aro bob^b b TBB'B se, bbbi b% Jlyspi, pacnpeA^- 
jeanaro no BaapTajaMi, to b'b BacToaniifl homobti (anptiB 1696 r.) 
OBI cocTOBTi BBi 638 cjysBBiBX'B, TBBi BasHBaeifiirB, livrears. 
BjaroAapa Tovy, hto paftoB*B sasAaro ciysamaro crporo cnei^iaiB- 
uBpoBBBx, 0B% OHOBB CBopo yBBaernb nocTOBBHUxi BjieHTOBB va- 



rasHHE, a xesAT hhhh HayHaerca paajrawTB BnojHi xocTofifltizs 
AOB-bpia orb HeaatursHBanntHX'b ero. Bi npHHi^Hni EoHKapme npo- 
X^eT'b TOJiBBo Ha HHCTua x^BBrH, B Basi Tonso Bu BynfljH Ben^» 
BU AOJfSHH BaaaaTHTb 8a Bee ceflnac^B xe, ecJiH 6epeTe ci co6ofl, 
HiH no npeAiBBieHiH cnexa y ce6fl na Aovjt ecjra bh nonpocBjiH 
BpBCJiaTb ee. Ho ecjra cjyauini(ifi h^cboilbo pas^B HHiii a'&io ci 

BBMB E BH BaSAKfi PB3% njaTHJH BBBypaTHO, OEHb OCTaBBTl BBlTb 

Ben^b, H He Aosaxancb Bameft yuaTii: BHorxa aevh BHCHiaerca 

BBHl BTOpnHHO IHBIB ^epeSl H^CXOJIBBO HeX^A... 

«KoHqafl oiSsopi co6cTBeHHO narasBna h ero ciysOi, a xot^i 
6u coo6ii(BTB jiHi^aifB, no^THBrnHXi BacTb nodbn^eHieifb, h^gboibbo 
]]^b4^P<b, BOTopuB AnjTT> noHfliie o6'b o((opoTaB'B BoHMapme: b'e 
npom20M<B roAy btoti o6opoTi Aomeorb xo 167 mbjuIohobi ^^P^^h- 

KOBX, BS'b HBXl OBOIO 40 KBJliOHOBl WifJBL&fh HB Onepai^iH HHOFO- 

poAHMB h sarpaHBHHHn; ocTBJEBHoe Bce npexcfaBjifleTb ToproBjDB'b 
CT^Hazi napBBsa h HenocpeACTBeHHiizi OBpecTHocTaxb>...GpeAH bo- 
box's aXOBli H OXOB^b, BHSBaHHEIXl BTHHH i^B^^paifH, Bam'b HflqepoHe 
npeAJaraeiTb hbmi bi BaBJD^eaie ocHOTp^Tb nosrini^eHie, soTopoe 
AaeTCfl €6e8njaTH0» oabhobhmi npHBas'm^aM'b h xojiocTHM'b ciysa- 
B^HM'B MarasBHa. 

BafiAB BBi BOHDmeHi, HH BXOXHKi wb cocAfjAtL xoMi, npHBa^- 
Jiesam^ifi MarasBHy, h, no^BBBniHCb HicBoxbBO drasefl, HaxoxBHca y 
BBHajia AUHHaro, mBpoxaro h BHJon^eHHaro BoppH^opa. IIpoBOAHHB'b 

nOABOAHTl HBCl B'b XBOpB OAHOfl H8fb MHOrOWCieHHHX^b BOHHaTbi 
BUXOABH^BXl Wb KOppH^Opi. KpOBBTb, CTOll, ABB OTyja, HOHHOfi 

cToiflX'b, napBerb HaTepTi xo HeBOSKosHocTB, HHrxt bb copbhbh. 
cEoHBaTa, BOTopyx) bh bhahto, oahb bbi 550 bohhbti, nocrpoen- 
uHxi AJiB HamBx^ npHRasHfli^i Bci^ oHib bo bc^xi Hempex'b dTa- 
Butx'b coBepmeHHO oabhbbobh: no BOxnaTii BepxHBro dTasa, vAi mu 
Tonepb HaxojjBMCB, bh HoxoTe ccyxHTb o Bcfkvb. Osi npeAHasBa^eHU 

AJB OABHOBBX'b Aaifb H A'^BHI^S, BOTOpHfl He HOryTO^ BO^OMy J[B6o 

BcBTb eb poAHUMB. Ho nojOBHHB Hamero AAHOBaro nepeonaja sajiy- 

Seifb; ^aCTb SHBeT^b y pOACTBeHHBBOBl>, TBBS HTO B'b AftHHIlt MO- 

BOHTi saHflTO BOHHarb 150 — 200. Bi sasAOicb 9Tast ABtropHnn- 
Biifl HasHaHeHii au y(5opBB h au noAaniB bohob^h BOHbX), eciB 
BT0-HB6yAb BflesaDBo CAtJaeTCfl 6ojieBi. IIpaBAa, BCBByqiB SA'i^b 
BOA^BHeHU H'bBOTopHH'b npaBBJiaiTb: oHib He xoryn BosBpan^atbCB 
oe^epoM'b noBse 11 ?• b.; oai He Moryirb BpBHHHaTb y ce6B Mys- 

MBHl, HE Aase 6jB3BBX'b pOACTBeHHBXOB'b, BBBl OTI^B BAH fipBTB. 

3a TO y HExi ecrb o6n^ifi caxoffbi Bi xoTopom ont ootfapaDTca 
Be^epoxi noroBopBTb, noHrpaTb, noHBTBTbt... H hh bobijib sa w- 
HepoHe B'b 6oibaiofl sal's, BayBpameHHHfi boboiotoA. y ciini ctobjih 
6H6jdoTe^HHe mBa^^Ki, bi riy(5BHi BBAHi^AOCb 4>opTenianoy Tan's h 
cBM'b Ha HBJieHbBHX'b cToiBBBxi 6ujLE pasiosoHH pasHSB Hrpii: 
luaxMaxu, aomhho, ryceBi b t. n. CioBoirb, caaoBi xoTb syAa, cb 

7* 



100 pyOCKOB BOFAICTBO. 

A n$M% mpQMMMMWb pacnpocrpamucfl oraocnajuo xpynan 
BeiBBBn H tforanm HBjoerefl* kotoj^uih axviiampaiUii oamaen 
eji7se6flift nepcoaaji. Os^b roiopui o jwmiix% ypoiaKb ntaiji, 
MjsHSii, 4'^MMBM, aHTiiicKaro asua, npiqemt yiOMuan, vro 
jsiyu oiaaaBinui oco6eHHHe ycnixB Kb ooeriAHem, nociuuuoTeJi aib 
yeoBepflieBCTBOBaHu b% naiA HaBiGBaiuu>]fftcBi(eB*BB%jlosA<Nn> 
B 9T0 fla cwt% MarasBHa; o uumiamuiim 6uh ^san^arB, koto- 
pHfi opraHBsyeTca wh Aesb bojjvb saioaasfca; o neHciax«B, crpa- 
zoBHx« saccaxi h jncm eiysaiVBis bi Bpfl6iuan, o AapoBO]r& 

AOBTOpi, H OTCtUail^ 8a BOApotf.HOeTfllOi B% Oeo6oft SBE«ewi» HO- 

eamfii aasBaHie «nodkBKeHie HaFaBBHaBoHiiapjBe, ocHoaaHHaroApB* 
CTBAOX'E BfCBBO*. Kas^MT BSfft Hac% 0H% xannodBseMiuuipydTofl 
BHBS6HBH BpH BOBi^i BBBiero DyremecTBiB. Oho bbbohibjocb bbsb- 
jawh vb jMUiaxi, b6o, esaiarb bbki, hto Hft»ojbBo wn spHBaa* 
iihbob<b bmAdti HOMibi^eHie on xarasHHa bi X 106 no rue da 
Bac, OH'b o6'BacflKi'B| iro hobbio xh HHiero ho Hafixem tbhi, hto 

HOBTOHy BXTB TJAB HB CTOHTb H... 68(6 paB'b JJUl^HyBHIHCb, OCTBBKTb 

Haci Ha nopori BoHMapme noA'b auiBiiH^b BneuTjiHieifs Bcero bb- 
XtaHaro H cJiuniaHBaro... 

A&« Ha lejoB^Ba CBtearo, iwoocpeACTBeHHO oTxaDO^arocfl sne* 
TOu^Bin, BTH rpoMUHHe xarasHHH aojshu Bjomh o^eBh cbj&ho. 
BjiecK'b, spaeora, iiijiecoo6pa8flocTb <H>i*<^H8aiaB» HaaoHeA'B, aapTUHa 
BceotfHtfkro 6jaroAracTBia ciyBUUQHX'b, — ^Bci 9th rHraBTCKie kotjiei^ 
BHjronieHHHa xoMHaTH H x^poBiie ypoBH aHTiiftcBaro-^cJiHBaoTca vh 
oxHO o6fl^ee apexcTaBieHie 06% djib^opaAO. ?to se osasaTs apH- 
casHux'B san^HTHHBBX'b coBpoMeHHaro BaaHTajnaxa? dTHTO rocHoxa 

Vb OBOHHaTMbHOMl POCTOpri. 0($paB|aK>Cb B% OXHOMy H3!B TaSHrB 

HBHxapoBi Bpynnaro aanBTajia, H'bsoaiiy r. ffiopsy Manieix), bo- 
Topuft cocTOHTb oeBpeTapeMi pexasi^iH b% npecjioByroirE L'Econo- 
miste franQais h BOvopHfl xm% bi Bevue des deux Mondes dTUX'^ 
tfjiarox^^TO^BHOCTH btoIBl «8K0B0]CHiecB(tf 8boj[k>iuh». IIepec?BTaB*b 
Bca^ecBifl yciyrB« BOTopua 6oxbmie xarasBHH 0Ba8SBa»Ti^ wAwh 
H BasxoMjr, aBTopic^HTaeri bobmoshioii pesDMapoBaTb caofl Bsraax'b 
Ha Bonpoci TasHMi o6pa80Xi: «£ejiH ToproBju B^b tfoxbrnnxi Mara- 
SHHBX'b ecTb ynpeflKxeHie oCmecTBeHHoe* eciH xoBasano^ ?to ohb — 
paBfloxMcTByDniaa nopaxaa Beqefl, Boropiifl OTsiiaerb aaoHOHB^e- 
cBBMi H npoHtinueHHion* noTpe(5HOCTaii^> to ee HysHO npBHBTb 
Taai, BBBi OHa ecTb, co bc^mh ea 6xaroxiTejUHEUCH cTopoaaifH h 
cb efl Heyxo6cTBaMH, h co bc&m'b saMtoaxexbCTBOMx, BOTopoe ona 
BHOCH'Tb wb H8B%CTHue HBCTHHe HHTepecH» *). 06pan;ax>cb Bi xpy-* 



*) Georges Michel, Une hxilution icanomique. Le commerce en grands 
'nagasins; vb Revue des deux Mondee, oHBapb 1892, crp. 156. 



warb «PAHipH. 101 

roxy niei^y sanHTajiaBMa, BEROHry SRopsy j^'AeeHeJiv), soT(q>iift no- 
M^CTHai eoa^ftia vb Revae des deux Mondes pjix% cm'refl o pas- 
HKrr& oi*pacj[ai% ooBpeiieHHoft dEOHOMH^eesol shbhh, b'b toU'b HHCJit 
6ojkhmvs^ HafasHHarB, a saTibH'BBHiiycTHjrBHr&OTA%JiBHottHH&B- 
Kofi. dTOTi asTOiKb npflxo OTSocHTfi Ki paspAiiy «HaHBHfia'B csa- 
30B'B» BCe, 7T0 roBopflTex <;(ecnoTH8Kib spynHuxi ifarasffHOB'L^ *) 
H xoaasiiBaeTi bcid tfjutroTBOpHOcrs rai BJtiflHiis. 

A'i^fiCTBHTeAHO, — Dpes^e Bcero 6pocaeTci[ b% rjasa necoMS'&HHoe 
Y^^emeBjieHie TOBaposi, m> 6oAinaA ^ocTynHocTB, bjh, mx,% Bupa- 
;j£aeTCfl h tot^b e Apyrofi tojbbo hto i^HTHpoBaHHuft HavH necaTeJiB, 
c^eifoapaTHsaitui npoAysTOB%>. B% canon X'&^t sto 6h Hon no- 
AyMaTB H eme He TaK'B xasHo, ?to SHaMeHHTBH, ecJH ho no npo?- 
HOCTH, TO no spacoTi nojy-meJiKOBHfl, nojy-6yHasEiiA Taann jdon- 
caaTO ^6pHRaBrra IlepKeseJifl (Permezel) jmj^rb b*b i^tni, 6mfo- 
xapfl soBisyppeni^n spynnnx'B varasHsoB'B, ao 60 oanrHHOB'B sa 
iieTpx? Hifl, KTO 6wn 6u b% cocTOflmn npoxBExl^TB 15 — 20 jAtb 
TOHy nasajcB, ?to na cbobx'b nepioxH^ecBBSB pacnpo^asax'B — ^bq- 
CTaBBaxi ivAHBe 6a8apn; xoBoxyT'B itiny xaiicBHZi mBeACsnx'B nep- 
HaTosi XO 95 caETHHOB'B, T. 6. BO TenopeHiHeMy sypcy BOHieai ao 
35, — fl roBopD, sonevno, o HHsmHX'B copxaxi? A (iapxat'B (meiso- 
BHfll), BOTopHt npon^aeTCA 1 4>* 95 caHT. Ba Horpi? A ^iraflejrB Vb 
75 catT.? A mejiKOBue Eopcasn cb ^^boIhhm'b pbaoui Bpysee'B no 
20 (i»p^? H noAo6HEifl se i^BMOBtpnafl ni^nu bh Haft^eTe to js^ls, 
Toroy a to ajeh Apyroro icpyra TOBapoBi na ynoMHnyTox^ BacTaB- 
Kaxi; TaKHxi BScraBOB'B b'b BpynHtancB HarasHHax'B nojiaraoTca b'b 
roAy cpexHBiTB ncjioirB XBissxi^aTB. Ho n bi o6iiKHOBeBHoe Bpeiin 
B'B sasAOVB Ha% tfoJEBrnHXi XM0B1& BS ByaHTo pasiB^BHe DpeAiieTH 
no Ts^^wby soTopaa exBa-WBa npeBBinaeT^ cyHMy nax^psesi npo- 
HSBOACTBa y <|^aipHRaHTa h x^xaoT^ atfcoJDTHO neBosxoxnoft Bca- 
Byx) BOHByppemuK) ne toibbo co c^poim Henaro ToproBi^a, ho 
Aase H CO cTopoHH BaBoro-HH<$yAB cnei^aiBnaro varttSHHa, TopryD- 
n^aro TivB hih ApyreifB npexMOTOirB. 

BoSBHHte TOBepB, nOMHHO I^-^HH, MaOCy ApyrSXl 7A06cTffB jn^in 

noBynaTOia. EoiBmHHCTBO pyccBoft nytfjiHBH SHaROMO, bohohho, c% 
ToA cHcreHOfl ToproBjni, Boropaa oocroBrB b% BitioiTB pa^'ik yxoBoai 
CO cTopoHs npoABBi^a H nosynaTOJifl: oahhi aanpaoiHBaeTi, iioaco- 
BHBaen apahb, BapoBHTi o6'BeropBTB Apyroro Ha n,^ni h BavecTB'6 
TOBapa; Apyroft HasaaHaeTi ii^tHy paaa b% Asa-Tpn vea^ sanpamH^ 
BaoMoft, BopHTi Xftsse H nopBAO^naft Tosapi, xHTpHn, ysipHfl, hto 
eMy, co6cTBeHHo roBopa, Beni^B to h HonysHa, AecaTBpasi buxoahts 
fldi jaBBH, Aase yxoAarB h BOBBpaniaeTCA nmB no ycHAeH&oicy 
npflriameHiK) lOTJinitaro sa hhitb MOJOAUa. noAyMafire, cbojibbo Bpe- 
Henn npoxoAHXi fb btoS CTpaxeriH BpacnoBOSHXi^ b<b btoS BsasM- 



*) Ticomte G. d^Avenele, Le mecanisme de la 'oie modeme; Paris, 1896, 
otp« 41 (B'b maB^ Le$ magasins de nouveautis). 



102 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Hofi 6opB6'6 sacaAaiiH h BHJaSRaMHl dtoirh nepB06iiTHiifi cnoco6'b 
ToproBiH coxpaHHicfl eo^e b'b ssa^HTeJiiHofi CTeneHH bo ^paHniyscROft 
npoBHHi^iH, MicTaicH Aase vb IlapHsi h hochti HasBaHie vente au 
proc6d& Ho CB EasAUM'L AHeMi owb yiiefiBin&eTCA h yHesBinaeTCfl do^I'b 
BjdflHieMi ^ojii>inHX<B MarasHHOBii. 3js,ich Rirb hh saca^'B, he 6a- 
pumHH^ecTBa: bc% npej;MeTii He tojibbo npoxaiOTCJi no onpe^l^jieH- 
Hofi n^nij HO caua nine^ dxa BucTaBueTca Ha Ben^H h hphtomi 
0(5uKH0BeHH£rMH i^H<|)paMH, a He t^mh sHaiieHHTHMH ieporj[B<t>aH0, 
noA'B npHspuTieM'B soTopux'B npoxaBei^«B Tasi* ocHOBaTe^BHO csajiB- 
napyeTi Bac^B. 

jl^pyroe jaoCctbo: b'b fiojiBnioirB uarasHHi bm HiiieTe bosmos* 
HOCTB RjnHTB, He BHXOAfls caMiie pa8Hoo6pa3Hiie npeweTEi, KacaK)- 
H^iecfl oxesAH h OMe6jiHpoBaHifl. A bi nocj'&AHee BpeMji rBraHTCsie 
*6a8apii en];e SHaHHTejBHo pacmepHje rpaHHii;!! sToro pacT^SHMaro 
HOHflTiB, H HanpHMl^p'B B'B BoHHapme H JIyBp'6 bh, cBepxi Tas'B 
HasuBaeMHX'B nouyeaut6s BCflBaro po^a, MoseTe yse HaiTH h o6ub- 
HOBeHHyx) M'bAHyK> nocyAy» h HeiBifl AOHaniHiii npHHaj^esHOCTH— 

BCi 9TH mTOnopa, SaMBHy nOJIOBHA m&TKa^ H A^TCKifl ROJUCKHi H 

BeiocHnew, — h wse... cb^^hh! 9Ta TeHAeB^iH rHraHTCSBX'B 6a3a- 
poB^B npoBB;(UBaeTCJ[ Bce acH^e h flCH^e, h hpothb'b Hen-ro oco- 
(5eHHo BOopysaDTCx He tojbbo MOiRie ToproBii;ii, ho Aase h no^xen- 
Hue AOMa, TopryDHKie cneiUajiBHOcTaMH. yace wb 1883 r. 3ojih B'B 
CBoeiTB t^aucROifB pal» (ji xyMai), btot'^ nepeBOA<B 6j[Hse xpy- 
THx-B nepeAaoTi 4^paHi;y3CRoe «Au bonheur des Dame8>) 3acTaBi£eT*B 
npoAaBi^a cyROHi Edao h ToproBn;a soHTHRaMH Eyppa HSJiHBaTB 
ropBRifl s&io6u Ha BceHoryni;aro Mype, ROTopsfi npoxaeTi ne toibro 

CHTI^U H CyRHa, HO 3;a2e H BCeBOSHOXHSA BASaHUH HBAijCUi, B 6£jBe, 

H M^xa, H nocyAy- Ecjh6ii a 6HjrB noRjroHHHROHi rerejiBiiHH^HHH, a 
He npeHHHyji'B 6h vh btoitb uicrb hoctpohtb inniHifi pas'B saRon^B 
Tpex^ieHHaro pasBHTifl: Teaa — MajieHBRafl nepBo6iiTHafl lanqoHRa, 

Bib ROTOpofi XBOCffHR^B COJieABH TOp^T'B BOBJli TeCCMRH H M^AHarO 

RpecTHRa; aHTHTesa — pha'b spynnHxi cneiuaiBHiirB aohob'b, npo- 
AaDHJ^BXi OAHHi ncRJDHHxeiBHO seHCRifl HjaTBfl, Apyroft meiRH, 
Tperift ^CH H T. A-; CHHTesi — coBpeHenHiifi rsraHTCRifi tfasap'Bi 

ROTOpHft no iffOfUi B0CIQ)0H8B0AHrB pa8H0RajlH6epH0CTB TOBapOBl' 

na^aiBHOfi jiaBo«H, ho no coAepsamH) npeaoGXOAHT'B ee 6oraT- 

CTBOHIb BCeB08]fOSHIIX'B OTA^JLOBS H HOAl^-OTA^OB'B T0Bap0B*B. Ho 

noRa BoHMapme Hin Jlynp-B . CBeAyTcn r'b 3T0My HAeaj[BHOMy Tnny 

paSBHTifl, BOfiAeiTB B'B HEXl H HOCMOTpHMl, RaRifl yA06cTBa OHH 

HpeAcraBJiflDirB yse h TenepB cbohmh HHoro^HCJieHHHMH OTA'&ie- 
HiaiiiB. HiH «paftoHaMH» (rayons), RaRi ohh BoayTca 3AicB. 

Bh ijifine Ha 6eperB Hopn h sejaexe 8anacTHCB ndkwh Heo6xo- 
Ahkhitb: RynaJBHHiffB roctdhoh'b (bo ^panuin Mys^HHEi h sen- 
n^HHu RynaiOTCfl tjvl se phaomi, ho B'B oco6ax'B ROCTDHarB), 4>ia- 
HCJieBUMH py6aniRaMB, najRoit, 30HTHR0]f'E, mjiflnofi, uaTBeifB A^a 
sL&aUf GijiBeMi am j^inett pacRHAHod najiaTRofi h Aase fln^ERom 



m% «PAH^IH. 103 

AJU spoB6THoA Brpu. Bh BxoABTe Kb xaTasEHi H otfpa^aerecB ki 
iiepBony nonaBBieiiycfl npHsasHEKy: ni «pa£offB» BjnajiBHHX'B bo- 
cTvmovhf — Ilpiuio, noTOiTB noBopoTi^ Hai^Bo, Bi yrjiy... Bh zjifiie 
Ty^a H o6paiitaeTecB ki OA&ony hs'b cneiqaJbHHxi npo^aBi^oBrb btofo 
oTA^jia, cHOTpHTe Ha sanecTBO HaxepiH, sa npHSjieeHHyiD STHserBy 
CB i^^Hofi, Bcitfepaere. 7 npoAaBn;a oco6afl sHHse^Ka ci TajOHaMH. 
Kor^a BH BSflJiH boctidh'b, hojoshm'b, sa 15 4>P*) oh^b cnpamHBaeT'B 
Baci: «9T0 Bce, moii8ieur?» — ^HJ^Ti, mh% na^o eme sohthki. <no- 
saJiyfiTe cK)xa>, h npo^aBei^'B tincTpo ^epRaexi saKyio-TO 6yKBy, 
o6o8Ha?aK>ii](yn HaBBame synajiBHaro KOCTDna, n i^e^^py 15 na Ta- 
^oni, noTOicE to se caHoe aa KOpemBi; . TaJOH'B oTpHBaerb, a bhh- 
seHBy ocraBjaeTB y ce6a. HaBOHeirB, x^jiaerB cbod OTH^Tsy na 
BTHBeT^ BOctioMa (ecjuc iipoAaeTCfl tbbhb, to otb xocTaeTi no- 
CTOflHuo HazoAfliD^yDCfl y Hero najieHBByi) ne^aTBy h OTTHCKHBaerB 
^yTb BaH-bTEHfi sHaBi Ha Benpr). Ci boctdhoicb na pyBi, owe ooa- 
BOAHT'B BacB Bi cxbAjDJnfiuj paloHy B uepe?fi/eTb BacB na none- 
^eaie HOBaro cneiuajiBHaro npo^aBi^a, Boropouy ohi Bpy^ae^B Bam^B 

ROCTK)Ml H OTOpBaHHHfl TajfOHl. tMffb 6u ZOtIjIOCB HM^^TB 30H* 

TBB'B <i)paHB0B'B B^b 12». — BoTi xopomifi mejBOBEifi sa 12 $p. 
95 caHTHMOB'By a BOT'B APyrofi 8a II 4>P* 95 caHTHUOB'B *). €ji;adTe 
B'B 12 4>P* 95 caHT.».— 9to Bce? cnpamHBaeT'B b^b cbok) onepoAB 
HOBufi npoAasei^'B. tH^Tx, mh^ na^o coJOMeHHyK)^ niJiHny». — 
IIoataiyflTe: bto bo BTopoxi 8Tas'6... — CnoBa HOBTopAOTca 
oaepaiiiifl cb TaioHOH'B h bhhsboA: HOBiift npo;^Bei^% HepsaeTx na- 
3BaHie npeAHexa h i^tny Ha BopemBi cBoeS bhhsbb h Ha TaJOH'b, 
orpuBaeTi nocJiiXBifi h noABOxnT<B Baci B'B TperBeiiy npo^aBi^y, yse 
B'B «pa&OH£» HLifln'B, BOTopoMy OH'B nepexacTi naci cbxhx'b, syn- 

leHHHB BBMH AB% BeO^H H ABB OTOpBaHHII£B TaJIOHB, OXHH'B erO 

co6cTBeHH&ft, Apyrofi nepnaro npoxaai^a. H tbbi bh nyTemecTByeTe 

OT'B OTAiXeHiH B^B OTA^JieHlK)} H8% BTBaUi B!B BTaSTB, H BOUHeCTBO 

BaniHxii 3aBynoBi pocTori MaJO-no-Kajiy: CBopo npoAanei^i yse ne 
B'B coctohhIh Tani;BTB Bcb BeniH Ha ce6^, a GeperB cTyjrB^ BjaAerB 
Bxi Ha Hero h ABHraeTi no HarasHHy; nopoio npHxoAHTca ynoTpe- 

6htB H BOpSHHy. n BOT'B BH, BBBOHei^l, HOAZOAHTe B'B OAHOfi BS'B 

Hfloro^HCJieHHHX'B Bacci, H nocjiixHifl npoABBeA'B bbci cnpamH- 
BaeTi: «bh njiaTHTe oefl^aCB h 6epeTe naneTi* cb co6ofi, bjih se 
HociaTB BaifB Ha aoiii?» — Iljia^ h 6epy cb co6oft... IIpoAaBeA'B 
Cepex'B BHny TajonoBib h na^HnaerB bhsphbebbtb: BynaiBHHfl bo- 
CTDMi, 15 ^^paHBOBi. — 15 ^^paHBOBi, HOBTopjieTi ipoMonacHO no- 
ciyniRoe 9xo Baccnpa. — lUeiBOBHfl bohthbi 11 4>P&hb. 95 caHT.— 



*) HHfepecHHft $aKT% ncnxoaoriH nosynaTdss: Beiqb, KOTopaa hochti 
dTHBeTsy cKaseiTB 11 4>P* 95 csht.,— npn^evb i^Hjipa 4[)paHX0B% nenaTaexca 
ropasAO KpynH^ey—npOAaerca hovth takl se aerKO, xaK% Bon^ sa 11 $p. 
poBHo. nonpoCyflxe nocraBHTB 12 $p. h noxynaTonB wao^prnf ^ito <bto 
cjumiBOM'B Aoporo fffis. MeH£». Bi UapEjai 8to Bcaxifi SHaerB. 



104 PFCCSOE BOFATCTBO. 

11 4>p. 95 caET.l.. He jcnftjcb saccHpi eme sanncairB niHXiiAHDD 
i^H^pyt UKb yase roBopBorb Bairb, wb zsmecsBt Hacfoamefl o^Tfiofi 
uamnHHi o6mjv) cyMiiy: 63 4^p. 75 cehtI.. H, CHOTpHinb, rtifB 
BpeMeHeM'b t&johh iipoAaBiiOB'& onymiBCB yse he AUBHOfl Hrii 
mpexh BaccHpoii!(, a bbuib saBynKB JiesaTi sepexi Baiifl b'b o^r 
Eowh BSJimBO cA^jaBHOiTB Dftsert. TLmslth h yzoABL. 

Ho nopoD BAMi npBxo^^BTca npB6'&raTB npa noByDBax^b w> emfi 
6oAe ocTpoynKoft h yopom^eBHOft onepaipH. Ji^kio vb TOifB, hto 
BHor^^a Tpe6yeMiiH BaMfl boii^b HazoxBTOA vb Taspxi OTAaseHHHZ'B 
OABO 0T% Apyroro ifbcTax^b. xaraBBHai ito npoxaBeni ne eorjutmaeTCA 
BecTB Baci Aa<ite« He seJiaa TpaTBTB Bpeiia — oh^ ibuo saBHTepe- 
coBBBi Bi npoxast npexMCTOBi^ cBoero pafiona — b noTOny npocBTf. 
Baci pasoHBTaTbca csaujia bi tfiBxafimefl Bacci, a aaTticb batb 
B'b oTAaieBHue paftoHH b Tarn bobtopbtb Ty se oaepai^ii). Ob 
Apyrofi CTOpoBH, Kb ropflqyD nopy, hb pacnpowsaz^b, sjdeHTOB'b 
Ba6flpaeTCfl Tasoe HBOsecTBo, tto hb BpoABBAOB'by be saccBpoBi— 
Be xBaxaevb, b y saxxaro palosa npBxoABTCB AOiro xoauAaTbCE 
n% zBOCTft, noBa ocBo6oxBTca ciysani^ift. IIpeABBAB Tasofi cjiyuiy 
BH oQpan^aerecb y caMaro bzoab B!b uarasBHib, bi oxHofi b8i» i^ea- 
*rpajn>uHn saorb, sa €HOMepoM!b BaecH». Bairb BiixaDirb setfoib- 
myD uB^TByi) sEBseuy: i^Birb iiiflBeTCii no XflBUi, b cBiy khb- 
se^aa BMieTi umb bb STorb A€Hb. Bi BBBseui noBTopflorcA 
oxBAi saBoft-BB6yxb Boxepi, — CBaseii'b 23— bi (SoibmoMi Bon- 
qecTBi OTBe^aTaHBHz*b BxlToneB^b, saag^yx) b8% BOTopuxs jierBO 
OTopaaTb, Taai Barb oaa OTxijiefla nymLTBpom, cocToaBiBM!b wsj» 
pa^a npo6BTHrb to^bbx. ftficxi ch riwh aaccapi saoBCHBaepb 
Bamy (t^oiBjii) b axpeci. Boopysaacb btoA bhbxboI* bb yeTpa- 
Haexe act JonBHia npenaTCTBia. Bu noxzowre b% joDiSoiiy pafloHy, 
BHtfapaeie Ben^ no aaycy, ysasBBaere npoAaaqy aa Hee a opora- 
rBBaexe BHBxevy any: bbbi 6u on% bob 6ujn saHBTi, y Hero aafl- 
xeica vgeuM oropaaTb oxey BVb HoxepoBaHHiun BiiTo^eB'b aameft 

BHBSBB,. MTOtfH HaBIBBTb 8Ty BltTOHBy BB CBOD taiOBHyi) BHBJBBy, 

XaibBiflmaa oaepaiMa aaci Be sacaerca: aeoui, BHdpaHHiui bbmb, 
nolUyt^ c% Baonnrb BOMepoM^ ay^a cjixyer^, ooxiUAaa xpyri' 
aeniB, BOTopna bb Bii6epeTe bi ;u>yroMib pafloai. ito BepezoxBre 
on paloHa b% patoEy, e TaB& EoxzoABre bi aiizoxEoft aaccit rjiii 
BU BsaJE BBXseiBy E JLjfjk Aouum BoaapaTBTb ee. Ecjd bb bo 
Vv^^.. .aiicb apfl caHOm Eanaii ynnTETb B<b xaraaflsi, to aairb 
ocraetcfl iamb axn aoxoA: act EoaynBE 6yxn% EpEBeseHB bbei 
Eh ton me MfiOk Beiq[K»nb eie, caxoe noaxBee, sa ciij(yi>fl|il 

Tperbe yj|o6cTBO Ey&iBBB: aazoxacb wh MaraaEsi noxib ajdaEiexi 
oeo4ara po;^a ranBOsa, aoTopBl OTxtxaerca orb Bcet btoI erpofi- 
tioft apaifl ToaapoBi, aj^y^ei eb sazaan aafliero Bomezbaa, bb 
saByaajia ^eaDoieaEBZi Be^ei a auk pacfljaimiacb aa ebxi ryn me. 
^He% aa CJitAJi^iVii X^n npoEm&io pacta airie: i^ lecaepTE (ies- 



Hd% WAHipH. 105 

A&qriiieK!& HE El veiiy. ycHOKofti?ecB,' ^^porofi ^BTaxejib, a oco6eHHo 
BH, spespftCHafl HHTaTeuraiia: bh HOseTe npecDosoflHO OTHecTH canH 
Bce synjieHHoe o6paTBo uh Aftse> BpocTquM spoHix) xo KpafiHHx<B 
npextJtoBi^i HasHcarB wb MarasBB^B, Hpoca npniMaTb paaiisAHoro aa 
BSBTfivH Befli^aHB, — ^HaraBBBi BaM'b BoaspaTBn'B Bamji jieBbrs, ibbib 6ii 
dTBseTBH ei HaKyiueHBHrb B&OfifL He 6ujb copBaBii, a caiiH Ben^B 
H6 6uxB HOicflTH, BCBa^BaHu fl sp. Y EoHMapiDe Ben^fl B03Bpan][aK>TCA 
xaase no BCTeneHiH h^okoibbhxi iiicai^eBi, m sl saai) pasc^ieTjiB- 
BH£B 4»paH]^yseHos!B, BOTopiUi asemaa meroAHyTB BaBBMB-HBtfyAB 
BOCTiDMoifb Ha 6aj[y, 6epyTfB Ben^B bb EoHMa{»ne, Ha^'ba^DTB ee na 

TOpseCTBO H yXHTpBDTCfl CHOBa BOBBpaXBTB DOCli dTOFO AapOBOFO 

nposaxa. Apyriii) bvb saferopiH h^shhx^ naTepei ceuAficTBa^ y^ep* 

SHBBDTl HiCBOjnUBM) AHOft SaK0fi-flB6yAB A^TCBifl JLOCTVm%^ CHBMaK)T!B 

CB Hero noKpofl h yse cbxb bibdtb BOAo6HEifi se BOCTnuB hb sbo- 
HOXH^ecBOMi ocHOBaHiB, a BBBTui HpecnoKOflHO B08BpaBiaK)Ti. Ese- 
AHOBHO BB BoHMapme Beni;efi BOSBpan^aeTca hb 5000 ^pasBOBB. 8th- 

KeTBB (CB OTHikTBaMB npHKadUKOBB) H AOJUKHil COXpaflflTBCA HB TOTB 
BOHOI^'B, HT06h Hara8flH*B MOrB OpOB^pHTB, A^ftCTBHT^JlbHO JIB 6un 

npoABHa Beni^B b bbbbxi npflsaH^BEOMB. JIpH cxpamnoft xaBS'b bb 
dTHxi iiaraBHHaxiy hbcjo OAHtx'b saM^^eHHiixB Bpas'B npocTH- 
paeTCH BBSAHft roA% xo 500 — 700 ciyqaesi, a Bcero BpaAerca hb 

HicBOABO COTrb THCflTB 4>PAHB0B<B. H eCTB TBKie 6e3daCT'&BqBBUe 

BjdeflTU> BOTopne, cTBHyBmH bob^Bi xyxB se xotbti peajiBSHpoBaTB 
ee no sojiHoi ctohmocth h «B08BpaDtaDTi» ee HeiieAieHHO nara- 

3BHy. 

ynouBBy xiB BypBesa en^e o<$'b oahomi «yAo6cTB'&»: b.b Buh- 
Mapme a JlyBpt BCBBifi, Bomexniift vb MarasHH^, MOSKeTi npecoo- 
BOflHo HanpaBBTBCA BB cneiuajiBHHfi 6y4>eT% b Taui nojiy^BTb saxa* 

pOlTb lD6oft HpOXiaABTeAHHfl HBnHTOB'B; A^TflXB SO WeTCB CBOpXl 
Toro fl BBpOSHOe... 



f Oahbro, h ji (sMrb Ha^BHax) ^to-to BnaxaTB bb nBHxapH'iecsoe 

^« napenie n He xyse rr. MflmejiB h AseHejA pHcyio A'^HTeiBHOCTB 

60J[BmBX'B HaraSHHOB'B HCBJIK)HBTeXBHO BB pOBOBOlTB CB^T^. Efopa 

L HOBepnyTB TOBapB h BdaaHBOfi. Bcb btb rocnoAa fobopbt^b hbitb o cobh- 

^ Aann^efi <))yflBipH btbxb Bpynniix'B npexHpiaTifi: bo pasBi^HiT^ h pas- 

pyniaDmefi? YxoScTBa noTpe6HTejfeA ho aojishh dacjoHBTB ot% hbcb 

cBMofl TBHBHHofi CTopoHEi rHraHTCBHx<B 6a8apoBfB: Be^ ohh — ^KOXOC- 

caxBHHe caeByMTopu, CByDn^HBH h poeroBiniHBfl, dKCHxyarHpyjoniie 

I H MHOriB OTpaCIB BpyBHOfi HpOMHinjieHHOCTH, fl 6e8TCCXeHBafl MeXBifl 

MacTepcBifl; bc% ohh 6e8asaiocTHO ycTpaHBiOTB h&xbbx'b nBABOEB-no- 

CpeAHBBOBB, TOJ[BKO AJ^A TOFO, ^T06h BHpOCTH CBM BHB B'B XeBia(})aHOB'B- 

]iapa3HT0Bi BanBTajflCTfl^ecBaro odntfla. Upes^e Bcero ycrpaHBiiB 
jiereHAy, npflnBcciBaK)n^yK) bmi BiiAaDHityDCB poxB B'B c4»ep£ o(5o6- 
n^ecTBjieHifl iipoBSBOACTBa. EoHe^Ho^ ecTB HecovH'bHHO nojiesBUB 



106 PyCCXOB BOrATGTBO. 

^jmmiE HXB A^TenHOCTH, vf,i npoHcxoxHTC o6o6ii](ecTueBie rpyxa 
Bi pamutrb uaHoiiipnoft opraHHsaii^iH: BOSUiHTe Tues^anm apMis 

COpTHpOBIII(EKOBl», ynaBOBIIi^HKOBl, paBCHUHHTb H CaXHSb IipOXaB* 

JSfivby BOoCmfi B&brb rivh jrHipb, BOTopiu yqacTByDTB b% cij^p^ 
o(5paiii(eHU TOsapoBi. Ho Bi^b tjtl xijio H^erb He o ecmamH 
ifOBoft CTOHMOCTH, a jDumb 06% yueHBineHiH Tteb HenpOHSBoxHTeib- 
Hmi mjsfifmevb^ soTopiui 4'aTajiBHo Bjienera sa co(5ofi 4^pMa aa- 
nBTajHCTHqecKaro otfiriHa. cHesaHim bxoahtb bo bc% hoxpo^hocth 
B3AepseB^, conpHseHHHTB (Tb o6paii^eHie]rb, Hanp.i ynaiOBKH, cop- 
TBpoBBH H np. 06iiqS saROETb SAltob Ton, ^To Bc% HSxepsBH o6pa- 
n^eniB, BOTopna BUTCBaDTb innib m% npeBpan^eHui 4>opirb Toaapa, 
BenpfltfaaxBDirb nocji^xHexy HHsaBoft ctobmoctb. 8to — ^udib HSxepsKB 
^M peaiHsaiiiH ctohkocth bjib jiM nepeBO^a en Hsi o^Hoft (jjiopiiKr 
B% ApyryD. RanDTajrb, BioseHHHft b'b bth ESxepssH (bbjoduh cD^a 
uaxoAflBitiftcfl noA'b ero ea'iaibCTBOH'b xpyj^), npHHaAJtesBTi s'b fimx 
frais BanBTaJiBCTBqecsaro npoHSBOACTBa. BosuiBteHie ero aoisho 
6uTb noHepBHyTO hbi npB6aBOHflaro npoxysTa b o6pa3yerB, eciB 
pascMBTpaBaTb uaccb BanBTajBCTOBi vh ero i^-bjioirb, — Buqeirb b3% 
npB6aB0iH0fi ctobmoctb hjb BpsCaBO^Haro npoxysTa, totoo Taai-se, 
Kaivb MM pa6oHaro aBiaeToi noTepuHHinii to Bpeiifl, soTopoe ohi 
ynoTpe(5iflerb hb noByBsy XBSHeBHux'b cpeACTB!b» *). TaBBHi o6pa- 
soH'b KpyDHHe HarasBHu cospafli^aDTi bi cyn^HocTH iBmb HeBpoHS- 

BOABTeJbHHB BSXepSEH BO 0(5pafl;eHiK) TOaapOBl. H BeCOMBiflHOi 

ecjiB cpaBBBTb o6fl](yK> cymiy HX'b npstfaiet cbo6B^eft cyMKotopB- 
6uiefi T^x'b MBjeBbBBZi ToproBHX'b npeAnpiBTift, MaraaflBOBrb a Jia- 

BOB'b, KOTOpHB OHB pa3WBHJB| BOTiCHBlH H BBlctCTBJH, TO, HO- 

CMOTpB Ha rpaflAioBHOCTb i^flj^pi, naxaDflj^Bzi na sasAHfl BpynHuft 
HarasBH'b^ o6Btifi Bzrb htofi sna^BTeAHO yHi^peHHibe Toft abbb, bb- 
RyK) BSBHajH npeiB4;e 0% otfn^ecTBa tfesHHOieHHae Mejsie nocpeAHHBH. 
H BBBi Bu zoTBTe, ?to6e[ MajeHLsifl ToproBeu'b Morb BH^epsaTb 
6opb6y Bi BTOHib OTHomeHiB Cb BOioccajbHEafb 6a3apoBrb, Kor^a 
tno caMinfb CTporBKi BnqflcieHiBM'b, (5ojibBiofl HarasBHi HoaEeTi 
npoi^^TBTb, npB6aBjiBB jBmb 12% bi vjbni npoAveTOBi, aasoro- 
pyK) OH-b cam Hzrb npio6p'&rB, Tor^a sas'b MeJiBifl ToproBei^'b apB- 
Hyasj(eH«b HasHAiiBaTb no spatHefi vbpi 3696) noTOMy hto o6niiB 
ns^epsBfl npeABpiBTiB b, cjiixoaaTeibHO, xoia npoxaai^a vb c6a- A 

BaeHOiTb AMI* Toaapi yueBbfliaDTca no M'bpib yBejiflHCBUi i^b^^Pei i 

o6opoTa> **). R npHBe^y sx'bcb kb4)Pei o(5opoTa b ucTaro Aozoxa, 
paBBO BAjLrb npoi^eHTHoe OTHomenie nociiABaro s'b nepBOuy 3^ 
rjiaaBifiniflZ'b spynHnrb HarasBHOB'b IlapBsa vh 1893 r., no Aae- 
HeJ© ***): 



♦) Dew Kapital Zweiter Band] Hamburg, 1885, crp. 126. 
*'^) Georges Michel, L c, cTp. 141. 
***) G. d'Ayenel, 1. c, oxp. 16-17, 33—34, 37—38 B 40. 



JSSfb WXBUfE. 107 

HasBaHie i.aFt8>Hoi». ^"^^'^fj^T™ h^!T* *""*' ^"IC^T 

Bi q)paHKax'B. ro ooopoTa. 

BoHMapme 150.000,000 8.000,000 5,33 

jlyBp'B 120.000,000 8.360,000 6,90 

CaMapHMHBa .... 40.000,000 ? ? 

QpeRpacnaa caAOBHH^a . 38.000,000 2.400,000 6,30 

BecHa. .•,... 34.000,000 2.000,000 5,90 

^CHO, 9T0 HeiBOMj ToproBi^y ocTaeTca tojbko saspuTb cbov) ja- 
BOHRy: KaR'B eiiy cyn^ecTBOBaTL ea 5 — 6 npoi^eHxoB'B c% o6opoTa, 
Kor^a y rpoMaxnaro 6ojii>iimHCTBa dTofl xaTeropiH roxoBofl otfopoTi 
He AOCTnraex'b h 50,000, hh Aa»e 25,000 4>pftHK0Bi>? 

Ho wbfi,h AO CBS'S nopi a^jio HxeTi o poiH 6a3apOB'B b'l c<f)ept 
o6paiii;eHia; a ctopohhhbh EpynHuzi HarasBHOBi jK)6aT'& roBopBTb 
TOfi KOHi^eHTpaiuH DpoHSBOXCTBa, BOTopafl noiy^HjacB 6jiaroAapA 
MarasBHaiTE. To^ho-jih Bia cosB^anniiafl cTopona HrpaeT'B TaKyD 
pojB B'B SH3HH rHraHTCBHxi> tfasapoBx? HaqneiTb Cb Toro, ^to bth 
BOicHepqeGBiA nyxoBHnia hoith HHBorAa ne HM^io'irB cbohx'b co6cTBeH- 

HEIZT» 4>&fipHSX, HaB, Z&K'b TOBOpHT'B ABeHeiB, €HOAHIie iiarasHHii, 

ROTopHe npoAaK)ivb ctojibro BeiQ;efi, nocTaBHaa ce6i sa npaBBjo ne 

npOB8BO;^TB CaMH HH OAHOi» *). EoHe'tlHO, OHH npexcTaBiAK)T% Ta- 

Roft G6uTb paSHHX'B TOBapoB^, HTO i^'&iHfl 4>a6pHKH AO^BBaDTCJi pa- 
6oTaTB HCKiK)TOTejibHO Ha TOiTB BjiH APjrofi xarasHH'B H MOryT'b 

SBTB OXHHMH 9THHH SaBasaMH. Ho BA^CB KpyHHHe MaraSHHH He 

CTOiBBO co8;(ajn dTH 4>a6pHKH, CKOjiBBO BOcnojiBsoBaiBCB yse cynj^e- 

CTBOBaBmBMQ yCJIOBiflMH npOHBBOACTBa, ROTOpOe B'B o6n^eic'B HAeT«B 

B'B ORpyrjieHiK) opyAifi Tpy^a. TjiaBBHifB o6pa30U'B bto othochtch 
R*^ npoBBBOACTBy 4^a(!pHRaT0B'B, noxJiesan^Bxii en^e xa^i^HiflniHX'B 
MaHBnyjifliuflM'B, nepe^'B t^m^b, RaRi 6utb Henocpeji;cTBeHHO H0Tpe6- 
jeHHmiH. TaROBH i^uihb, 6yMasHUA, BiepcNHnk b mejiROBiia, ro- 

TOpUB, ROne^HO, rOTOBBTCJr Bl HaCTOBH^ee BpeHB nO^TH flCRJIK)?B- 

TejBHO Ha RpynHux'B 4^a6pHRax'B. 

Ho BOSBMBTe XOTB 6u ^UBB'bimyD nepepa6oTRy btbxb TRanefi 
B'B pasJiB^BHB TOCTH TyajieTa, — OTpacjiB, BrpaK)ni;aB ctojb BasHyx) 

POIB BO BCixi BTBX'B rBraHTCRBX'B HaraSHHaTB, a A^fl H'bROTOpHX'B 

BBJuiDH^aBCB ^sse flCBJiK)qBTejrBHO& cnei^iajBHOcriD, Hanp. j^jle cUpe- 
EpacHofi caAOBHBi^£r> (Belle Jardiniere), ROTopaa B'B 1895 r. npoAaja 
roTOBOfi OAesAH: 180,000 SBjiexoBi, 280,000 naHTajOH'B h 300,000 
BBAsaROB'B, cDpTyROB'B H HajKiTO. Bii secTORo OHiBtfeTecB, ecJiE no- 
XynaeTe, hto btb rpoHaAHUJi i(H(|»pii npeAMeTOBi bpobbboabtcb h b% 

COOTB'bTCTBeHHQX'B rpOMaXHHX'B JMl6pHRaX'B. Y BCtxl RpyHHUX'B Ma- 

rasBHOB'B cyn^ecTByeTB u^ixsA pax's cnei^iajBHHxrB saBeAenift, sa^a- 
CTyD fie6ojiBniBX'B nacTepcRBxi, sBByn^HX'B saRaaaMB (5a8apoB'B. Bek 
TaRiB BBBeAeHifl pacnojaranx'B B'B cbod onepe^B, RpoHi hoctobh- 
Haro nepconajia, i^-kiofi apiriefi 8aBHCBHi;Bx% orb hex's MacTepROBi, 



*) G. d'Ayenel, 1. c, crp. 42* 



108 pycaoiB BorAMtBo. 

%% soropmn ovh oiJpiiqaoTefl vh eij^A HBAO^HOcn h wnopmrb 
6e85osHO dKcaiyaTHpjvn. dnm h otfiflCBflerMy noqeify napu- 
lei&HO c% pasBHTieiii <patofiOBi» zota 6h xufCKBrb roTOBHxi 
HapfixoBi Kb tiojumm irarasHHan jBejEqiiBaeTU b% IlapHxt h 
HBCJio mBeftHHXfb: Taa^b rb 1866 o4^H]qaiBHEfl oneTi Hacnm- 
BaxB Bxi 14,000; b% 1886 r. h^kto BapiSepB onpw&ULCB vrh ABi^pf 
yxe B'b 18,000; a vh Hacroflii^ee Bpeiu nn ^hcio npeBBmaerB 
20,000. TJoMf^Ene me HBxeflie otfEapysflBaerca h vh oporaBoxcTBi 
flSBH^Hoft uedeim (^Mnisterie). OnpHiie patoHOB% btbxi npeiAMe- 
TOBi wb 6ojBnuiz% xaraaHHaxB noBjesjio sa co6oi> ho soHi^eHTpa- 
lUD npoBBBoieTBaf a BOBHHSHOBeBie hobhzi Mejouai MaeTqieaaz's: 
vb BTEVh nociftXEim, a othdxb He Ha rpoMaAHUxi ^j^P^aarb 
spynHHe 6a8apii h sanacaDTca ]ie((enD. Pocti niraHTCEiz'B Mara- 
BBHOBi noBexa Tasui otfpaBOii'b bo xHorHXB oi^acjaxB npoBSBOX- 
cTBa He HI jjiy^meHii) TeiHH^ecBot ctopohbt, npH Honontv onpjr- 
jieRHSZ'B cpexcTBi npoHSBoxCTBat a k% pacapocrpaHeHiB b ynpi^n- 
jeHiD cHCTexH BHCHJiyaTai^iH pa6ovz% i(^oA apiieA nocpeAHHiOBi. 
& yse BCB0A8B yHOHHHajTB o6i BToft Sweating system b% oxhoA 

fiSS CBOHZ% BOppeCHOHXeHIUft. Ho HiCBOUBO XOnOJHHTenHHXl CTpOK'b 

npoiBDn jiBBinifi cb^ts hb pon (Saaapovb. fioBbMHifey Hanp., Boh- 
Hapme, cxaBBHUica otfpasi^oBiurb «4^HiaHTpoiiHKeeBHKb» zapaBTepomb 
CBoeft aAMHHHCTpaniH. A yse paHbme i^BTapoBafb 6acH0CJ0BH0 xe- 
meBHB i^^HH HiBOTopiizi seHCBHz^b TyajBTOBi, BanpBiribpb mejEBO- 
Baro Bopcasa n BpyxeaaiiH sa 20 4^paHB0B'b. Bh xyvaeTe, 9wrh 
npexMera 6iu*b npoHBBexeffb Ha ^nCfBtAI HbcboaboI Oi^aaiiaBafl 
aAHHHHCTpaqiii BHSHxaeri cpexBHii ji^Ta, Borxa pa6oTa bi xaMCBBx^b 
HacrepcBBZ'b na^aeTi xo HHHHMyna, h Maeca maet ButfpacHBaQTCB 
Ba yifliiy; Torxa XBBSHMHe ^bctbomi «4|^Bj[aHTpoiriB» xHpeBTopa 
BoHHapme HaHHMai)T>b Ba tfesi^lHOB'b Jiy^niHzi 3aBpoflBtHi]r& hbi 
jyqfliHZ'b HacTepcBBzi h BaaasHBaDTi hmi «npHxyHaTb» (crter) 
BaH6ojrte 94>4)GKTHyD Moxaib niaTBE mm 6yxynMtro cesoHa. Sorxa 
roTOBB uijaii oepuL tbrbzi xoxeieS, BoHHapme o<!pantaeTCii B*b 
cBOHMi o6mEhnn> nocpexHHi^ax'b, zoBBlBaMi HacTepcBBZ'b cpexHofl 
pyBH| H A^aeTi BM^b BaBasi Ha CTOJibBO-ro nJiaxbeBi no TasHM^b-To 

MOXeJflHl H no TBEOt-TO I^tHt. 9tH XOBHflBH Wb CBOD OWpe^b 

oCpan^aDTca bi xoaatBax'b enie 6oiie nocpexcTBeHHiix'b xa- 

CTepCBBXl H CMDrb Hlfb BaBBB^, BHrOBBpHBaB Ce6ft BBBiCTHyiD 

BOtfXficciK). 8th nejiBUi nopTHBXH HazoAHTi coBciMi yiEe Be- 

C^aCTHHZfb HaCTepBAl, BOTOpiIB BOSbHyTCH HCBOJIHHTb BBSaB'b 

no en^e 6ojLie hbsboS i^&ni. H b'b boha'& boh^obi bob btb 
oopoKHHyTaa nnpaiiHAa, C!b 6jiecTfln(HH!b h 4>HjraHTpouHqedKB]rb 
EoHHapme na sepzy, na^aeTi ocTpofl BepmsHoS Ha cnHBy saBofi- 
HH6yAb 6'i^AHoi x'^BymsH, BOTopaa aa 14 — 15 ucobi Tpyxa oojiy- 
HETb oTi ({^paHBa AO nojyTopaL.. 

CneKyMTopi, nocpeOTBB'b, pocTOBB^HB^ — ^BOT^b rx* CBjm coape- 
HeHHaro tfasapa. H XH-b zot^jocb 6h yaasaTb UTatejiK) Ha npiexn^ 



H7B WASnjE. 109 

KaRHMH rpoMMHHe MarasHns npojiarann cetfi ajtb Bpoxesfc cpe^- 

HRIb H MeiSnib BOHKyppeHTOBl, KOTOpHXl OHH ^aHflT^^ eOTBAKH U 

THCflnaMH, noAO^HO votff , Kas% oseaHHqecBie napoxoAK OAHOifrb abh- 
sesieirb cBram otipan^aDTi m n^eny b<A cyxa, nonawH>miBca hki 
Ha Aopori. ^s &TOro HairB eysHo o6paTHTbc« iro si BOCTopseB- 
HHiTE nouoHHHKaieb MarasEHOBi, n poxi rr. MamejiA h AseHeu, 
a zoTA Ki 6eaHHCjieHHiincb 6poaii)pa]rB» kotophmh cJlHra AJi£ sa- 

ni^flTH HBTepeCOBl TOprOBU H IipOiniIIUeHBOCTB», OCHOBaHHafl B'B 

1888 T. H coc90fln^u[ fl8% 80,000 uenoKb— mojibbxi h cpeAHBzii 

TOprOBD^WX, B np.) — f(fm8i&Fh 6opOTB€B BpOTIIB^ rBFaBTCBBZl 6a8a'' 

poBi. Bosbiieiii CBanaxa npieMB npoAasH. KasAofi 6oAhuiot Mara- 
BBS'S cJiaraeTCA B8% BBaqBTdAHam ucJia <patoBOBi>» (ao 50 vh Bob- 
Bapme, emfi (!o»nie bx JlyBpft). . EasAEiA paA0Hi>, nox^ pysoaoA- 
cTBOMTb rjiaBBftro yspaBjaiDfl^aro (chef de layon) cHBTaeTea 37^ BSBtcT- 
BHKb flpeAijaxi sa coBepmeHBo eauocroaTejiftHoe i^^oe, Basi 611 
3a oco6iift TopraBHft aomi. Ohi BMfteri CBoft enei^iauBHft ^DAxerb 
Bpfl6ajeft B y6iiTK0B'B; eMy BHAaerca onpeAiJeHB&a cyima u^ one- 
pa^ifl BBi o6fl^efl saccii. Aapesipii xaraaaBa HasBawtdTi jbuib 
ynpaaiflDBieiiy sasAaro pafloaa AOCTflrByn m> wtaowh roAy 
flSB^CTBaro flpoi^eBTa (csaseHi 16%) saiOBoro] AcxoAa c% o<!o- 
pota: Bi oorajiBOMi ynpaBjuuom^ii pacnopaoaeiCB no CBoeuy 
ycMOTptBiD, BOBynaeTi TOBapn cBoero paioaa rAi eMy aatLui- 
ropascyAHTCfl b bo sasBMi yroAHO AtsaKb, paBBO Kami HasBaHaerb 
i^Bu 8a npoAaBaeMHji bmr passHX cneiuajibHOGTB sa CBoft crpaxi, — 
j[Bmi» 6u 6uxh AOCTBrnyrb BasBaHeBHidt AEpesi^iefi o6BQfi aajoBofi 
AoxoA'B* Ho wb BTOM'E-^TO onpeA^jieBiB BB^j^CTHaro nponeitTa 
BaiOBoro AoxoAa b BaBXDHaeTCB oabb% w^'l eeBpeiOBib y6iiCTBeflB0& 
KOMsyppeai^iB rpoMaAnaro MaraaBsa^ eocTOin^aro b«b b^cboiibbbx'b 
pafloBOBi. Jiflfezj^A Mosen HasHawTb vh A^HHOWb roxy ama&h- 
Baro paftoBa Taxoi aeBHeoBtt npoi^eBTi sajOBoro AOxoAa^ hto owb^ 
MoseTb 6iiTb, Aftse He nospoeTB otfn^BX!& BBAepxesi patoaa. Ho 
BBKoe efi A^o AO eroro, eciB osa BosBarpaAHn ce^B 6% iBXBofi 
Ha o6n^eMi aoxoa^ Bcero MarasBHa, nyrewb HaBHa^eHiB 6oAie Ba* 
coBaro BBAOBoro aoxoab au apti^hxi paionoBi? dTa-ro onepaAiB, 
HocBBMui BBBBaHie «ypaBB«B%nieHiB i^atfiMeflt (Ciompensation des 
b^n^fices), b BBueTca vl pyxax'B ohutboA AapesipH BacroBnuet 
BjiaBiaTypoft, aa xofropoft MacTepcxfl paBsrpHBaercM Horpe6&iuiii 
Mapnii pasBHiEb eneipanBini'B aoubmi. HanpBM^'&, AHpesiua co* 
o(Spa8Bxai HTo b% tfyAyqeM'B roAy ^BCTufi aoxoai» MaraBBHa aocthf- 

flOTl npB(SjB8BTeJ&H0 TaXOfl-TO AB^pH. OhB 9eJL9L&n flOBEepTBOBari 

HacTLi) eB, ^o6u npnaxe^B nytfjBxy xi ce6ft ovA CBe^iaxuIIx:bTop^oB- 

i^eBi mexxaMB, bbxoab, ^to i^isa mexxoxi cabbixomi Bucoxa, hto 

^ xoBxyppeBi^iB ToproBi^eBi, ctbxo 6htb, cxbbiboxi cxa6a b hto Mara- 

8BBX HaSAdTB BCXOpi SB OpBMyD BHFOAy 01!B paBSOpOHiB XOBKyp- 

peHTOB%. H BOX'S nyexaerca b'b xoa^ BoeaoBMOSHaa pesxaMa, n vb 
raseTax'B, h BaTaxoraMB (bi BoBMapme, bi 1890 r. pexxaxa ctobxb . 



110 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

4.745,000 j^paHSOBil), b i^iea sa mejui HasHaHaeTCJi Be Tonso 
HBxe npoAasHofi i^iHH, ho HHse 4^6pHnofi ctohmoctb^ EoHeHHOf 
HanjHFb noBTnaTeiefi xocTBraen HeBMOBipHHxi pasMipoBi, h 9Ta 
apTBuepia u^iwh «ce6i vb y6iiT0Ei» (qxo yxe He ^asa aju cne- 
i^iajibHaro pafiona meiBOB*B) 6jjifiirb xo Tixi nopi rpoHHTB bi> oaht 
TOHsy, noKa He oCaHapjTHTCfl i^iiHft pa^^ meJiKOBiix^b ToproBi^eBi, 
H rBraHTb-HarasHH'b He safiepen ce64 b% pjkh htb BjdeHTOBi h 
cHa6saBniifl hx'b 4^a6pHBH. OoopotfyfiTe, 6opHTecB Cb HarasHHom, 
BOTopHfi eseroAHO npoxaeTi nieJiBOBiiiz!BTBaHefiHa20 xexiIohobi!.. 
Beth juuse oco6ue orji^ixa vh fioAmnzi MarasBHarB, KOTopae no- 
CTOBBHO npoAaDT'B ce6i vh y6iiT0Bi b ciysairE ihhib au npHBie- 
^enia ny&iBBH, HanpHH^p'b, HHcmie copTa Bep^aTOK^. 

He nevbe BBvepecHa arpa na siaBiaTypi MBJjdoHOB'B b vb 
c(t)epft uosynoB'B: ecJH npa npoxas^ KpynHiifi MarasBU^ Brpaeri 
pojB cnesyiBTopa, to sa^cb oh'b saHHuaeTCfl no npeBBynnecTBy 

pOCTOBH^BHeCTBOITB, BJIB HaBBBHBa&ieXl paSHHZl TBSeJHXB yCJIOBlft 

cBOHMi nocTaBH^BKairB. «Mara8BH!b HOByHaeri h npoxaerfB jminBHa 
^BCTsa xeHBrat, — TaKOBa BHaHeEBTaa 4K>pMyjia onepai^iB, KOTopoD 
BBHaTca BpyoHHe 6a8apH. %o HarasHHi npoxaerB jbhib na xeHBrBt 
a He wb Bpej^BTi, bto — coBepmeHHo Bipno. Ho ito6u ohi h nosy- 
iiaji'B T^wb se ciioco6oK'B, to bto noJOSBTeiBHaa HeflpaB^a. Cqerb 
BaKoro-HH6yAB 4^6pHBaHTa, npeACTaBjenaHfi saBtxyDBi^eMy pafloHom, 
OTB^qaeTca ihhib b% cnei^iaxBHoi BHBri paftona, ho AeBBra Be 
ojiaTBTca cefi^ac^B xe, a <f>&^PHBaHT'B M,oxxewb jkabtb BOHAa jfi- 
cima; Bi KOHi^t se B^caua 4)a6pBKaHTy bu^mtol pox'B Besceia 
(reley^) Ha AeHTpajiBHyi) Baccy, ho njaTHTca no BTOMy BeKceii) 
jBfflB no HCTeHeHiB 30 Anefi. Hna^e roBopBi tiojiBniofi HarasflHi 
OTspuBaerB ce6t a&POboS spexHrB na nojiTopa-ASa xicaiia y cbohxi 
ase nocTaBHJ^HBOB'B. Ho, boxcti 6iiTB, nocTaBn^HS^B npBsaT% fleo6xo*> 
AHKOCTBE) k:b cxisi B sejaoTi HOJiyHHTB xeBBrH HeBexieBHo: vto 

»e, BOSHO B dTO, TOJtBBO B^B TaBOH'B CXy^a'6 BBAO CA^JiaTB BaJieHB- 

Rifi yqcTei^i, o, coBciB^B nycTOfi yqexem, 1% wb m^cbi^'b... bjh 
129^ Bi roA'B. Easi bbhi HpaBBTCfl btb cucreMa 6paTB npouenTu 
8a CBOH co6cTBeHHue AOJrH? 

Ho jpb 8T0By npHcoexHHflDTCfl en^e Hteoropue npiOMu: luuii^pit 
nocTaBni;eK'L Kpynsaro HarasHna SBaerB yse bi OBjiy o6mHaro cboi- 
^aiHBaro coraameHiH*, ^nro ci HopnajibHoft cyBMU cBoeit nocraBKH 
owh jifyjosewb cfiaBBXB 3% bi noiBsy i^eBipajibHOft Kaocu e 5% bi 
nojiBsy pafiona, ci KOxopuBi owb HHiexB a^o, ^to cocxaBJuaLeTB eme 
89^. H 8X0 He Bce: Bpynnut narasHH^B saKaaHBaen y bbci xoBapB 
CoiBHiBBH napxiHBB, ho Gepexi ero jihuib qacxflVH, no wbpb HaAo6- 
HocxH. B^ cBJiaAaxi MarasHHa ffb xaa^uS AaBHiiH HOMenxi noBft- 
n^aexcH EasAaro xonapa npH6iB8BxeiBB0 jkhhib sfiei na ABBAUaxB 
cpeAHefi npoAasB. npHHaBHBaxB Bicxo oxi> ce(Sa BarassEi ne xo- 
Hexi, a noTOBy ^afipHKaHTB o6a8aEi» a^&tb A&poBoe noBin^enie yse 



H31 «PAHIPH. Ill 

AaBHO synjieHHOMj y Hero Tosapy. ICaK'b BOo6ii^e, y Koro jj^ocatb th- 
jiaHTOB'b, TOMy en^e npE6aBETca! 



Hax'^ licKoiBKHMH cjioBaMH HoiosemH ciysamHX'B. SI fiepy jsms. 
opsirftpa BoHMapme, soTopufi c^Hraerca o6pa3ii;oBiiM'B y^esA^HieHTi 
vb BToifB CHHCjrb H npoACTaBJifleTB Aase, no MEtHin ero BOcropseH- 
KHXi nouoHHHKOBiy «pecny6j[HKy TpyAflmHxcA>, h6o,— KaKi* ysi- 
pflDrb HacL 8TE Tpy6aAypu, — ciyxaii^e BoHMapme ho toibko y^a- 
CTByDTb vb npzCuiETb AOMa, HO Aase flBJumicH ero co6oTBeHHH- 
HHKaME-aRiijioHepaiffl... PecnyfijuiEa — ^a! Ho vh po^i BeHe^iaHGKofi, 
(Tb Maccoft (SesnpaBHux'B rpaa^aHrE s A6cnoTE?ecKEin> i^eETpaibEHMi* 
opraHOiTL. Bo naB*! — ctohtb TpiyHBEparB AHpesTopoE'L (g6rance), 
TpE BHfiopHEix'b AHKTaTopa, KOTopue 8aM$HEjH HO ynpaBJieEii) npes- 
HDi) ;p!HacTiD ByoHKO (MyarL yiiepib bs 1872, seHa- bi 1887) e 
nojiy^DTB Kas^Hft oahofo noeroHEHaro saiotfaHBa 200,000 $p. bi 
ro;^. UoA'B HEME $yHRii;ioHHpyerB apEcroKpaTH^ecBifl cenarB, las^ 
EasBiBaeiaifi ccoBirLi (conseil), cocTOflnqfi e3i 15 buchiex'l ciysa* 
rnjfx'hj JSBMjmi mrb KOTopHxi nojy^aerB 55,000 $p. saioBasBE Kb 
ro^ E sanpaBJuierb Vis ^acTBD Aoxa, HpE6iH3ETejD^E0, sna^arrB 
TpoHE «pafioHaiiE> (es'b nflTflAecflTE), AaBas TaKEm oOpasoirB ofinUa 
yKasamfl xpeirb «pafioHE£Qi'L nie$aM'b>. Bb caMom EE3y CRpoMHO 
lOTETGH taKipoHepHoe cp6paEie», BOTopoe co6EpaeTeE pasi wb rojrB 
E B^b cyn^ooTE BOTEpyerb GesnpeBOcxoBHO jifiKp&ra. ^^TaiopoB'b, 
Biipa60TaHHbie no conameHiD gi» ceaaTOHi. He Ayvafire, Bnpo^eirb, 
13T0 8T0 co6paEie, ecn Ee (SjiecTETb Bjnasieirb, to EimoEEpyeTb xoTb 
^mojressocTbi). Hs'b 4^800 ciysan^EX'b BoHHapme aRiponepoBX fie 
6oj*e 400 — 450, a bi co6paHiE y^aoTByiorb MaKCEMyM'b 100. Pas- 
o^OTb HexETpo cxiJDtaTb. HoMEEajibSbifi sanETajTb BoHMapme — 20 mhi- 
jQosoB'b $paEE0Bi. Owb noffpaajiitJieH'b Ea 400 naeBi, KOTopHe Bno- 
cj'lACTBiE 6iijra paadETU bi cbod o^epoAB KasAiift sa 8 ^acreft, 
TaKii "no Eaawifi nafi coOTBiTCTByerb 50,000 $paHK. EOHEsaAHaro 
KanETajia, a KasAaa ^ctb 6,250 $paER. Ho aB^iE bte i^eetce 
Tenepb bi 320,000 $p. Kaaf^aa, a ^ncTb He Menle 40,000 $paHB. 
Oncy/ta se BSflTb TaKis oyiaiH pfl^oBOMy npEEaa^EKy? Botb e buxo- 
AETb Bi pesyjEbiaTi, ^iro bi 1893 r. Bcixi naeBi e ^aciet 6uzo 
pacnpeA&ieHo Mos^y BciMS cjiysanpcME BosMapme ne 6oj(ie 450. 
RpoMi Toro, ^Ecio OTffiibHiirb qaereft Boe 6ojri^e e 6ojri^e cKonjifleTCfl 
vb pyKaxi saEfiojAe RpynEux'b ojKysan^EX'b: no oraiyry o6n^ecTBa, 
nepoAa^a asi^i nooTopoEHEirb jtEi^avb coBepmaercE JiEmb o% corjia- 
ck a6coj[DTEaro 6ojDbmEECTBa rojiocoB'b aKi90sepoBi^ e RpynEHe aK- 
i^OEepbi noGj['6;i(OBaTenso ORynaDTb, no Mipi j^oposaEifl, op7 ^acib 
3a Apyroft. HaROEOi^, — caMoe riaBEoe — craTyrb oCn^ecTBa Aaerb npaBo 
y^iacTifl vb co6pasifl jmnib aKi^OEepairb, EiiiDntEirb He Eonte 4 noji- 
Esx'b naeBi. OxciDAa e BHXOAHTb, ^o Aaace ^^ERiEBHoe yqaciie bi* 
ynpasjieHiE «pecny6j[ERofi> npEEaAJnesETbJuunb 100mi;a]rb(400 : 4)... 



112 P7CGB0B BOrATCTBO. 

Ho, nepe6HBaDrL mohh aamHTHHKS «$HdEaHTpoinraeeBaro» Boh- 
Mapnie: bh safiusaere oSesne^eHHyH) shbhb o6nKHOB6HHiix'B eiysa- 
mfiVb, BceBOBHosHHfl saccu H yqpesAOHifl, ^ynEqiofiHpjDiiufl npn 
BoHJiapnie. — H z'b BBWb HMeHHO h pepexosy. FaAOBOft npHsasHHS'B, 
H6 y^acTBjDiiiit Kasi asqioaep'B Wh npEfiujuiz'B, noiy^aerb oj^Haso, 
cBopxii nocTOHHEaro saiOBaHBa, EBsicTHHft npoi^emrB ex c^aaEHXi 
HM'B npo;i;asii. Bu BEA'i^a b-b ero pyKax^b xaioHHyi) SHJDB&y: son 
no BTot laiOHHOfi KHHse9KiHnQOco6oMycaHCKy Bcixi iipo;iasi, c;^- 
jiaHHHX'B HiTB B-L TeHOHie jifls^ Kacca Buc^flTHBaen oco6yx) €iipeiiiD» 
Raa^oay spoAaBi^, npenia aia ho oAHHaKoaa: au niejopitoBi ona ae 6ojAq 
Z upon. BspyqeHHOft cyiuai, jifisi 6ojcie' ABmeBux^B inepcTflHUXi xa- 
lepift osa paBHaeTca 5 npoi^. h t. ji,. Bi Konpi roAd, JiOBKift npofta- 
Belli, KOTopoMy nocToaHHaro saioBaHLfl nwimx^a npa na^ajd ho 
6ojdbe 400 $p., hosotb Bapa6oTaTB, oHaiaa c:b npeideft, jifl 1,800 $p. 
IIpH6aBBTe K% BTOHy y^acxie oo($CTBeHHO bi npHfiuinx'B ^oHa (npo- 
nopiQiQHaiBHO saiOBEsiD), AJUi cJiiysaimixi, npo6uBinHX'L 6oji[ie 5 j^tb, 
nps noMon^v, tas'B HasusaeMaro, o6ineoiBa «IIpeAycxoTpExej[BHOCTH» 
(PreToyance Boucicault), BOTopoe 6uj[0 0CH03aB0 wb 1876 r. a aa- 
cHai!BLBaerB vb woiroamee spexa fiojiie 2.286,000 $p. sanaraia. 
KpadaBBTe neadofiayi) saccy, ooaoBaaayH) B:b 1886 r. jiflo. ciyasa- 
maxi, upofiuBBiaxx vh Aoui 6oj|i6 20 j[£tb a no4y^aK)n(ax'L Tor^a 
npaBO aa oxoraBKy a aeaciE) bi pasaipi orb 600 jifl 1,500 $p. b^b 
roA% (caoTpa ao svaioBaaBD): sxa aacca yse pia^VTHaaerB 6ojii6 
6.276,000 $p. He 8a6yA;BTe^ aasoa6ii;i>, ^n>D cjcyasaauft noiyqaen c^a- 
poByD aaii^» a KoaEen aocTeaeaao BOSBucarBca ao paara 3aBiAya>- ^ 
wifiM paBojBfoirB, ueaa coaiia a Aase oioxB aa speoio Bceaoryiqafo 
AHEiaTopa, — ^ao apaftaeft vipi, b:b xeopia a eorjiacao noroaopi^i ciuoxi 
xoTi» cojTAdTB, sQxopiit Ee BaAiaxcE 6iixB reaepaioM^^. 

H 6e3iipacxpacxao aaiosaarB aa^OByx) exopoay aursaa cjrjrsaopaL^B 
vb Boaiu^Bie. A aaaaaaa? Ha^ay c:b xoro, ^o ofipan^y Baa- 
Maaie aa cayAOOXB nocxoaaqaro saiOBaaBa. JbDAa aauaafloxi c:b 
400 ^paasoBi a ao npaaajau'B jspjasssi aBJiaxBca wb Boaaapaie yse 
BOopyseaaHHa Aocxaxo^aoft odhxeocxbd; npadaaaa se ki> apcxoaa- 
aony sasoBasBD A^aexoa 6yBBaj[Bao roMeoaaxa^eosaHa AoaanB. fijg^ 
poaaa ayxaa, aoxopaa o6xoAB;rcfl xaraBaay aeaie 2 $p. q:b AoaL ci 
^e^OBisa, Aaen aAaaaacxpaujia aosifosaocxB jraacb yueaBmaxB pas- 
aipu oooxoaaaaro saioaaiaBa: vb cauoii'B ji^jA, pascy^aeii^ aceao- 
rynuft aanaxajii vb Btowb Alaxoxi ex xpyAoarb, aoseaiB xu aaxaxBca 
xaax Bsycao a ciixao aa cropoai sa 2 $p. bi a^bb? He Hoseaib 
BiAi>? Te64 aysao ajks axoro ^paasoBi aaxB? H a aatD aojtaoe 
npaBO aacxoiBKO ise yaeaBmaxB xe6t paaaipH xaoero nocxoaaaaro 
saioaaaBa... 

Hpenia 01 npoAasa... Aa, xopomaa bobib, ocxpoyMaaa sems — 
AU caMaro Harasaaa. 9xo bi cyn^ocxa npaioseaie npaai^aiia ecxe- 
cxBoaaaro noA^opa a oasecxo^eaaoft aoasyppeaipE HexAy cjiyxaopMa. 
JIoBRifi npoAaaei^'B, B^A&B>a^ftca apaKanpoti^ aecoaa'laBO, ycaiDirb 



H31> <I»PAHI^H. 113 

Bi KOHi(b FOAa noij^HTb HspflAHufi JiEmeKi. Ho riK)iiaAHai[ iiaoca 

CpeAHSX'B, otfHEHOBeHHUX'B IipOAaBI^OBl HO MHOrO HaaKHBeTGA. A X6- 

xjsj rtiTB, diaroAapa npHvaHRft «npexifl», KanHTaiHOTHqeoKaa Ma- 
niHHa Moserb padoraxE npH orpainHO bhcokoitb fljB^BJLQjuE^ h $opMH- 
pya roTOByD apHcroKpaTuOy bua^^juuei ee hb'b cipoft xacou oxysa- 
mHXi, sacTaBJEflen Bcixi h Raai^aro Hanparaib b<A cboh ycndfl. 
BcflKiH npo^aBeicB He TOJUbso noasoJuerB HOTaxb hs^ oefiff auu, oh% 
caifL co6cTBeHHmiH pyKaHH npHii.innBaeTB hxi kt» rpaHAi08H0My eo- 
jnecy BKCiuyaTai^H, h 6jrl;i^ifl, xy;^, CTapia, crs^aen b'b aroiTB 
B,jifiKOWb orffb HHieHCHBHaro xpy^a. Pa6omS jsfiEhjsAvtca jmmh 10 ^a- 
coBi>. Ho SesKOHemo-AUHHiift ipyAOBOft aohb xoproBi^a B'B iiaucHX'B 
MaradHHax'L voserB 6ut& ho cBOiuoii^aerBi h ;^yx^ ipoTeft Toro 
€cpe;(Haro o6n^ecTBeHHo-Heo6xoAEMaro BpeHOHHs, KOTopoe saKJiD^OHo 
Bh A6csTH?aooBO]i'B Tpy^i nprnsaimuLa BoHMapme. Hheto, Kpoici Hi- 
BOTopuxi BUcmHX'B oiysaiE^Hx^b H, Ha KopoTKoe Bpeira, soHnmrB, 
He HM^erB npasa caAHTLOfl; secB aohb iipo;^aBei^ nanparaerB Bci 
cHJui CBoero opraHH3Ha, HycKaa B'B xoa'b ^HSH^ecEyD HomB, npaKTH- 
^ecKys CMeiKy, a vb BHcrnHXi* pa^ax'B iepapxia n coBcbu^B eqjsjo- 
aCHHHOe nOHHMaHie 06mHI>H£[Xl KOHMep^eOSHXB R0M6HHai4ftr H ^to 

sa o6pa8i]iOBiia MamHHH, ^to sa reHiaiBHo-BBijQ)eccHpoBaHHiia shbot- 
Hua Biipa6oTBiBax)Tca est> cjiysan^axi BoHMapme no;cB A^BJieHieirB 
EOHKyppenipH, nsi sa HpHMaHEH €npeiiiH» h a<h Baiqinaro Hpon^B'b- 
Tania MarasHHa. Kaconpu, soTopuMB fifiieTea naieaBEaa npeida sa 
jsJBOijsjV) HaiAeHHyD omndsy B'B c^eri, AOCTHraDTB B'B BoHMapme la- 
Koro ooBepmencTBa, ^o wifl ho otohb 6o4Bninx'B i^^^pB voryrB cocia- 
saiBca CB <apHeMeTH^ecEH]iH^A&MH», nosasHBaeioiMH sa A^HBra, a 
B'B cpeAHHXB ip[$parB ;^ase npeBocxojfarB hx'b *). A 3aBiAyH>n%ifi 
paftoHOifB? Tpy;^o npeAoraBHTB ce6'6, 11:0611 ^eJOBinecEaa roiioBa Moria 

BMiiqaTB B'B JlfiSSiA HOMeHTB TaEyi) MaCCy TO^HUXB HOlOSHXeJIBHKXB 

3HaHifi ii;'kHax'B, sa^ecTBax'B, M'lcTax'B $a6pHEa^i^ pasHux'B TOBa- 
poBi, cocTaBj[as)iiiHX'B ero onei^iajtBHOOTB, HHOHaxB 4^a6pHfiaHTOBB, 
cpaBHHTejiBHOft BHcori lapH^oBi no pasHUMB JLHEiHM'B, padMi- 
paxi nomJiHH'B B'B EaasAoirB roGyAapcTB'69 ho^obbexb EOHBenqiax'B... 
Bca Eapra EBponH, a hotoitb h jspjvax'b orpaaB cBiTa, y Hero bx 
roiOBi, H euy aesa^'i^irB j[i3TB sa.ciipaBEOD bb SHi^HEJioneAiiD hah 
cae^iaIBHyK) sHHSsy, v£o6u cefi^acB »e, bb muy saEiD^OHia roh- 
aep^ecEoft c^'i^ina cb juo6oft crpaaofi, coofipasHTB, Eas'B Buroj^e h 
AemoBjie RyoHTB euih EasB rpime h i^ijiecooGpasHie npoAaTB. IIom- 
HHTe RpHRB BOCTopra y Tana, Rorxa ohb H8o6pasaeTB yAHBHreJiBHyi) 
ciosHOCTB noHXH^ecRaro MoxaHHSiia Hanojieona I-ro? 3aBlAy>^Wfl 
pafioHOM'B aBiaerca TaRBirb HanojeoaoirB ^'b CBoefi o^pU H , Bce 
8T0, Bci 8TH Ra^ecTBa paaBHBaDTca uyroM'B ROHRyppeHUjiH, ROTopyi) 



*) CMOTpn 06% 8T0M% Vb AOBOOBHO HHTepocHoft KHHSR'6: Alfred Binet 
Psycholoffie des grands calculateurs et joueurs d^ichecs; Paris, 1394 r.,^ B'b 
ocoGeHHOcTH orp. 91 h cjde^. 

7k 4. OTJ(*n n. 8 



114 PyCCKOE EOrATCTBO. 

nycsaoTB bi xojs.'b rponftAHafl RannTaiECTH^ecKafl opraHHsaipfl Boh- 
iiapme. 3a sth 8aiitHaTej[i>HHa cnoco6HOCTH nsaTHirB bx cyn^HOCTff 
He cain» Marasimi*, a xa Macoa HSJioMaHHUxi SESHeft, pasHHTB cia- 
pmoB'B, EOTopyiD nocTaBJiEeTB apiiifl paAOBSix'B cjtysan^rB B'b fe- 
raHTOKOM'B 6a8api. H^'bHoio aiHrb pasAaBJiEBaeMux'B oyn^ecTBOBaHlft 
BHpa6aTUBaeTCfl: esi 4800 ^exoBiK'B apEcroRpaTifl npEJiaBRa s fiEpacE,— ^ 
400 Bj[aAtiBi^eBT> asi^ifi, 50 saBiATiDn^nx'L pafioHairE, 15 ^cesaTO- 

pOBlt H TpE BCeMOryiDtEX'B AHKTaTOpa. CAOTRHTe 9TE ip^pK H BU JBH- 
AETe, ^TO B% TO BpeHfl, EaKl Vh napESi Cpe^ElfB ^ECJIOH'E B'B 

ToproBjrb Ha oAHoro xosEEHa npHXo;^cfl TpE, Msoro ^eTiipe cijaBa- 
n^HXfc, B'B €AeMORpaTHqecBoft pocny6iERi> BoHMapme nxi npEXo- 
jlETCfl 6oiie 10: botb oho, $Ei[aHTponE^eeEoe-TO yqpescABEie, npe- 
Bpan^aDHiee <pa6oTHEKa» bb «nojiHaro xosflEsa aRipoHepsaro o6n^e 
CTBa»! A ^To cKasaTB o6b ocTaiBEUXB KpynHBDCi MarasEHax^, koto- 
psMi jsfikBBKO Ao BoHMapme no naoTE opraHHSai^iE cjysan^flXB? fl6u 

nOCOBi^TOBaJTB nOKJlOHHEEail'B BTEXB MaraSEEOBl npOfiTECB Vb j[K>6oin> 

E81 HEXB H nocMOTpiTB Ha BOspacTB cjiysaniiExi: Bs HaftAoxe m ea^ 

HEME OqeSB MHOrO HCDHTUX'B CTap^eCREX'B ^EdiOEdMlS, HO HaCTOH- 
n^flXl* CTapEKOBl BX&OTJSfi}. ECAE BaiTB ECHOJIHEJIOCB 45 — 50 JT^TB, TO 

Baci npocETB yxoAETB ESB paapflAa npoAaBU^OBB: ne roxHrecB! Ro- 
Eo^HO, Bame c^acTBO, bcjie bu ycntm aoHte ao bhchiex'b cryneEeii 
iepapxinl Ho b^ab TasEX'b a&s6 e vb BoHuapme He 6oj(ie 10%... 
A ocTaj[BHHe? A ocraiBEue jsfijaann bb jyqmeKB ciyqai Ea^TBc^i 
Ha neHciD bb 600—1500 $p. bb ro^, ROTopyn ohetb TaRH bu- 
AaeTB JtEHiB «A6tfORpaTHqecRifi» BoHifapme; a bb xyAmeirb... yME- 
paTB CB rojio;^, ecjE hmb eb y^acTCE croiotstb RaRB sE6y;(B x6hb- 

SOEORB. 



SaRjimqeEie^ rb Roropony a npExosy e3b H3yqeHifl GoumnxB 
MarasEEOBB, TaROBO. Oeh yRasBsaioTB naiTB na SEa^eEie ROonepaniH 

BB dROHDME^eCROfi SH3HE, y^emeBJIflfl npOAyRTU, EO BB A^HEKfi HO- 
MBHTB COSAaDTB E6 CTOJBRO o6o6nieCTBJ[eEie npOHaBO^^CTBa, CROJD»RO 

mspoRyK) cECTeny pooTOB^^IHecTBa bb cEomeHiflXB cb $a6pERaME s 
BOBHyTHTeiBHyio cECTOHy 8Rcnj[yaTaipE (Sweating system) uLexnj 
MOJiREiiE peMecieHHERauE. Ohe yflcsEDTB jifio. EacB BCD iion^ I^- 
jiecooGpassoft op^aHH3a^iE ^eAovb^ecRofi ;ij^Tej[BH,ocTE, cboae o6n(ifl 

E3Aep«RE AO MEHHMyMa; so BB paMRaXB COBpeKeHHOCTE COSAanTB 

npesAB Bcero Ty apHCTORpaTiD bschiexb cjiysamexB, totb riasHUE 
mTa6B, npH noiionui Roxoparo cjiinoft n nyxofi RanHTajiB opy^yerb 
apiUHHE TpyAflH^HXCH. Ohe, HaROHei^B, hcho roBopHTB naiiB, qro 
ROHi^eHTpaiUfl RanETaiECTE^eoRaro o6HiHa HaunaeTB 8a6ftraTB bho- 
peAB R0H^eHTpaI^E RanExaiECTEHecRaro npoESBOACTBa, — $aRTB o^ohb 
SHaiiesaTejiBHBti... 

H,K. 



JraTEPATyPA H SH3HB. 11& 



JInrepaTypa h smsHb. 

Bi neT6p67pr]^ 6wlo no^i p2p> ips cjiy^as HapaAOHifl Ha pe^^B-^ 
TopoB^ nepioAH^ecKHXi HSj^aHit: nieBOiCB, €CHMBOJmecKoe» Hjm Bnojrai. 
peaiBHoe (bto ne BUflCHHJKOCB) ocKopfiieme naiKofi e apansHBoirL, HaKO- 
Heqi BHcrpijrb V3% poBOjiBfiepa. Bcb xpH ojiyqaa HafffcxaiH ctojilko myMa 
H Ta]n> MHoro EOMiieHTHpoBaiHGB wb raseraxi, ^to MHi^ h^tb HaAo6HOCTH 
paacKaBUBaTB (()aKTHHecEUi no;Q)o6HOCT]f bthx^b ne^aiBHUX'B coOiirilt: ohh 
en^e y Boixi b'b naxATH. He cqirrai) TaKse HysHiiirB paonpoorpaHflTBca 
TOWB, qTO argumentum baculinum He ecTB Ha;^esanUt otbItb na 
roAOCB kphthkh: 8to HCTFHa cjiHiiiKOirB BieneHTapHafl, xoth ne^iaTH 

TO H AtJEO npHXOAHTCH ee HaDOMHRaTB. Ho MEt RaSeTCff, TTO B'B TOX- 

saxTi, BUSsaHHUX'B nueBKOMi, apaaHHEOiTB h peBOJBBeporB, Bce TasH 
He saTposynii HtKOTopiui cropoHS dTEXb 6e8o6pa8Huxi HBJieHiS^ sa- 
ciyaRHBaDiiiifl, oxaaKo^ caHaro cepBesnaro BHEMamfl. 

OcTaeaBJinBaflCB na dTHxi Tpexi cjiy^aax'B, mu ecTecTBeHHo npH- 
xojpriTB K'b o6o6!aeHiD hxi wb HiKOTopoe neieoTHoe aai Hamero i^- 
BHJiHsoBaHHaro o6meoTBa, mbjio xoro,— ysacHoe ii;iioe: botb nama 
HpaBu! Ho sarbiTB iioserB HacrynHTB pasAyiiBe: mosotb <iiiTB, Bci 
TpH cjcyqaa tojbko no bhahmocth EuiJOTb btl ce6i wkvro o6ii^ee, ^ih 
coBpeMeEHHX^ npaBOBi xapaKiepHoe, TEiiH^Hoe, e eciH ejjif>6sL yro- 
cTHja HacB HMH, OAHHiTB 3a ApyrHHi, B'B TaEofi KopoTsiS npoHeayTOETB 
BpeMeHH, TO 8T0 ?BCTO ciy^afiHoe coBnaAOHie, hb'b soToparo hoibbh 
Ai^aTB Kanie HefiyAB oGmie buboah. Bi caiioirB xbA, vs nepBoiTB 
cjiy^ai saMlniaHBi hhthhhbui ceiiefiHUH OTHomeHiH, ho noAJieflcamifl 
nyGiH^HOxy o6cya^eHii), h bhhobhhkb nieBKa 6iurB uocraBieHi 
BTHM'B oGcTOflTOJiBCTBOM'B Bi> coBepmeEHo HcxjnoqHTejnbHoe nojtoseme. 
ncKJUD^HTeiBHOcTB 8Ta TasoBa, TTo, BHOiHt cosHaBafl 6e8o6pa3ie pac- 
npaBii, H, npHSHaiocB, He seian 6u 6utb cy^Beft Bi btoitb ji^ksb. 
BTopoft cjy«iatt h^ckojibbo npoiae, ho Bce TaEH coAepsarB b^ ce6i 
He GOBcliTB ofiuAeHHize BJieMeHTH. HaKonei^'B, eciH, saKi mosho Ay- 
MaTB, crp'bjiflBmifi bi r. MeHbmHEOBa 6HBniift seMcsift naqaiBHHKB 
r. l^A^HeBi oBaseTCfl Gojibehmi ^eiOBiKorB, to h ototb Tpeiift ciy- 
qall hbhtch nepeA^ Hann ^iwb to HCKiD^HrejiBnnirB, o6o(3ii^eHii) He 
noAiesan^HHii. TaKHirB o6pa30irB, crycTHBmeeca naAi HaicH Mpa^Hoe 
o&iaKO saKi 6yAT0 pascieBaercH no uo^vcavB bi npocrpaHCTBi... 

OAHaKo MoacHo h, h Aynai), aoisho nocjioTpiTB na a^o cb HHot 
TO^KH sptHiH. OOn^ecTBeHHaa shbhb ihhib vb spaftHe p^akhxi cjiy- 
^aflxi KB^ffTb HBJieHifl, noBTopflDnitiH ApyrB Apyra cb dyicBaiBHOi) to?- 
HocTBH) BO Bctxi noApofiHOCTflrB; H eciH wsi, HHifl nepoAB CO6OD PSA'B 
OAHopOAHUxi, B'B KasoiTB HHfiyAB OTHomeHiH, HBieHifl, BcerAa GyAeiTB 

paaCHaTpHBaTB HXIb nCUDqHTeJIBHO B'B HXl KOHSpeTHOtt HHAHBHAyaiB- 

8* 



116 PyCGKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HoS oco6eHHocTH, TO c^'i^jDEaeiTb no^TH HeB03MoaHHMi HSj^eHie o6n^e- 

OTBeHHOfi SH8HH. KOHO^HO, CI^AT^rB EZtSHTBTb ofiH^HX'B BUBOJlflVb ES'b. 

He;^ocTaTO?Haro wcjia <{)aKTOB'B, ho ci xpeiffl jth tojilso ^aKxaiiH usl 
BKiQWb Bi) HacTosmeMi cjiy^ai a'^o? 

IlHcaTeJiH ecTecTBeHHO 6waL o^esb saHHrepeooBaHK othmh ipeirs 
^aKTaiiH E (TL 6oj[BniHM'B HJiH HeHBiiiHirb oAymeBjreHleiTB h EpaoHopi- 
.qieiTL, HO OAHHorjiacHO BHpasajrH 17 coBopmeHHO BipHji) msioib, vra 
He roAHTQfl B03pa»aTB Ha ne^aiHoe cxobo lueBRoii'B, najiKot h pe- 
BOJCbBopoiTB. Mni KaseicH, OAnaKO, hto npH atOMi moh co6paTU na 
nepy BciajKH Ha ne to ^to joshjk), a HeyAOBAeTBopHTejoobHjD TO^Ky* 
orpaHHWB'B CBoe OAjmeBJieHie h KpacHop'&tie EpyrosopoiTB CBoeS npo- 
^ecciH. BoTB, nanpiiri^pi, ^to HHoajTB b'b ^Hoboitb BpeMeHH» r. 
^nnran: 

tBrb KOHi^i Btea, KorAa ^enoBi^ecTBO ;se ne H^erB h ne 6^* 
SHTB no ayTH nporpecca, a x^JiaeTB rnraHrGKie CKaiRH, CTaHOBHTcii 
oaacHHMi saHHMaTBca xftui caHuorB ^^oitb, kotqpoo homofjio jod- 
jiflwb craTB Ha xaEyB Bucoxy. B:b MHpnoe nncaTeJEBCRoe a^o, b'b hh- 
oaTeiBCKiS Ka6HHerB^ r^i haotb THxaa h BasHaa pa6oTa hucih, Bps- 
Bas)TCH paadofiHHKH ci naiRaMH, njieBKauH h nopozoH'B. KaKi TyrB^ 
6utb? Kasi 6htb Ham, y BoropincB HHKorAa ne 6buo HHEasoro Apy- 
roro opyasifl, Kpoicb muoih h btofo MaieHBsaro sycsa nexauia, no- 
HoraK)n(aro naiTB H8o6paaHTB Haarn mucjdeh na 6yMai^, Tro6fii ex'b era- 
majm h anaiH Bci? H HH^ero ne HHtx) jsfianQ npoTHB:B pa36ofiHHKOB'B. 
H HH^ero He wAjd nporsBi Toro, ^Todi ohh nycsaiH B'B xo^^tb cboh 
nasEE H HHCTOJieTu. BiAB dxo eAHHCXBenHBifl AOcrynHBUi hki opyAiH* 
Ho nycTB ohh ynoxpediaDrB exi bi' cboexi CHomeHiax'B aP7^ <^ 
jspjTowb; nycTB noffibmaBTB naisy npoTHBi* naiKE) a ne npo- 
THBii MiiQiH. y 6u$a HiTB ApyroFO opyAiH fl^ 6opb6k, Kpoirb napu 
poroBi, E 61120 6u cHimHo, efcjiE 6u mu TpeCoBaJiE, ^ito6bi Guss 
Gopoxca pasyMHuifE Ao^oAauE». 

TasHiTB o6pa80]rB« r. ^Enran 3HaeTB tojbeo j^sa po^a oaio^- 
Hiixi CTOJiEHOBenift: BO-nepBBix'B, uexjsj Haio^HHsaicE h naio^HEKaicE^ 

BO-BTOpSX'B, MeSRAy QaiOHHESaHE S HECaTeJUlME. Ha aepBKfl OHIb .Ma- 

meTB pyEofi, — ^A^oEaxB, nycTB AepyreH, a npoTHB'B Bxopsix'B rop&^o- 
npoxetrryeTB, coficTBOHHO noTOMy, qro y HEcaTejui niTB hhofo opysEiH,. 

EpOHi HEGBUeEHBIX'B HpEHaAJieaKHOCTeE. KOHO^HO HECaxaiB, KOtCb $IU^ 

cameAhy flsoro opyasifl ne HuierB, ho bto ho HGS3aD^aeTB Bce taEs 
fliiA flero BCSMoaKHocTE BCTptTETB EaiEy naisofi se, xoxa owb oro 
QAineTB iyh oyryGuirB oTBpameHieirB. $asTH?ecKE e ovb, pasyitieTCfl^ 

MOSeTB OEasaTBGH Wb HeBOaJIOSHOCTH SantBTETB Cetia ^EBE^eCEOt 

ciuoft, HO Wb xaEOMi cjiyiai ohb ypaBsaercii co KHoasecxBoirB ne- 
nEcaxeJiefl;, soTopue GeanoMon^o npeTepn!fcBaDTB ooBopteeHifl h Ha- 
csjrifl. H BOTB eoiE KH opHMeifB B'B coo6paseHie bcx) Maccy sthxk 
GxywevB, TO HojyiEirB npovyi) h niHposyn ocHOBy aju Hisoxopuxs 
o6o6n]^6Hift. 

«HyaEHo TBepAO, pasi HaBcerAa ycraHOBETB npEHi^nu^ — npoAOi* 



JIHTEPATyPA H SH3HB. 117 

^aen r. $HHraii>: na neqaTHHfl MH'bniH mh jifiOie oCBSHeHifl mosho 

OTB'l^aTB TOJILRO BOSpaSOHlfllfH UH OUpOBepSOHifiJICE njTeiTB nd?aTE>. 

OoBepmeHHO cnpaBeAraBO. Ho mh^ Kasexeji, ^o erorB iipHHii;Hn'B 
jifiJOSBKb 6uTB pacnpocrpaHevB h Ha ycTHOe ciobo, no spaiHeS vfbpk 
^i> Tksfb cjty^ajix'b, Kor^a oho ho sHierb $opifU cneiie^aTHaro cxoBa^^ 
KOTopoe yse eaMo no ceCt cocraBJifleTB ooKopfixeme. Botb vto He^aBHo 
€oo6niEio«BoeTO?Hoe06o3piHie». FAtToOKoio HejuidHHCEa ixaii no 
acejiAsHoft xoporl nmseHepTi, KypnaHB. Bi toitb se BaroHl chj^jlo 
hI^croako jicaHl H ;^a Kame to mojcoauo ^eAOB&sa. Ilocji^ffl^e no3- 
bojihjih ce6i HenoAXOAflnue ]s;ta, AaMCK&ro ofin^ecTBa pasroBopn h na- 
KOHei^i npflHO HonpHiEH^Hiifl BBipasenlH no ajqpeoy npHcyTCTByDn^mcB . 
j^aiTb. KypKaHi ox'&Jiai'E hitb cbi o^enB bIikjehboS $opMi» BaMi^ame, 
Bi* otbIt-b Ha Roropoe oahsi hbi ehxi yxapHJi'b ero Ryiasoitb xaRi*, 
wo OHTb ynajTB, h ho ycniat KypnaHib nojHflTBca, Rasi noiy^HJTB 
^mfi jx;Bi nyjEH hbi pesojiBBepa h yHepi. 

<B'B HHpHoe nHeaTejBCSoe jx/kso, bIi HHcaTeJiBCEift Ra6HHerB, ni 
HA6Tfi THxafl H BasHas pafioia hucjih, BpuBaxKrca pa36oHHHRH cb 
naiRaxa, niOBRaMH h nopoxoirB». ^o 0TBpaTHT6jn>H0. Ho botb b'b 
RaKOMi TO, He noMB3D jflTB, npoBEHii;iaj[BHOH'B xj[y6t pa ^eJKOBlRa 
HauHSDn^ najiHTB xpyrb vh xpyra hstb peBojiBBepoBi, npn'^eifB 
o^HaRO nonaj^aiDTB ho ;Q>yrb vb Apyra, a vb coBepmenno mhphuxi» h 
Kb ]slkxj nenpH^acTHux'B odHBaTOJieft. Koho^ho, b'b j5JLj6i npoHCxo- 
AHTB HO RORaa HHfiy;^ «THxafl h BaacHaa paCoTa iihgih», a npocTo 
Jao]^n codHpanxeH jsfio. npiflTsaro BpeMflnpoBOSA^HiH, ho bto touo 
ittRse H6 MicTO jifisi RaRoft 6ii TO HH 6hjio $H3H^ecRofi pacHpaBH, 

E 006CTBeHH0 Bl> 810111 OTHOmeHiH ZXJ&b HR'ltirB HO OTJIH^eTCfl OTB 
ESCaTeXBCRUH) Ra6HH6Ta. 

Ta cTHxafl H BasHas pa6oTa muoih*, ROTopan coBepmaercfl b'b 
iui6HHeTi nHcaTOJifl^ jifljosEa o6HHKaTfe h ^aRTH^ecRH ofiHEiiaerb ho 

TOJTBRO TO, HTO npOHCXOAHTB B'B ^OTUpOX'B CT&HaX'B BTOFO Ra6EH6Ta. 
BOBBMHTe MM)6olk HOMOpi HpOBHEIpajaHOfl EIH CTOJE^HOt radOTu: 
HOVTH'Bl RaSAOlTB Hdl HHTB BBl Haftj^ere HBBicrie RaROlTB HH6yAB 

HaeHjdH 0jQ[H ooRopOjieniH^ HaneoeHHOifB RaROHy HH6yAB MHpHoiry o6h- 
BareiK), ommn^evyoH vb btoitb oTHomesiH oti nHcaTOJUi tojibro 
TtiTB, ito y Hero h*tb h Tanoro opyain, RaRt nepo. EAHHCTBOHHoe 
iipH61sHnie KUL TaRoro oeRop6ieHHaro raiH noTepntemaro HacHjde 
ofiHBaTOJifl ecTB cy^. Cjxb h ^biaeTB CBoe a^o, ho oh'b HBiaeTCH 
yse post factum, Ror^a ^ejiOB'bR'b yase npeTopn&ii HacHJde, yHHsenie, 
ocRopOiOHie HJiE Ror^a ero yse lebrb Ha cB^rb, RaRi h'&ti HHsenepa 
KypHasa. Bes'B coMHiHifl, rxacHuft cy^i mrber^ h BocnHraxejrBHoe sna- 
^eHie, He tojkbro RasHfl HacnsBHHRa, ho h BoenapoAHo CTaBa ero r'b 
nosopaoHy cT0i6y. Ho, oqeBHAHO, btb namefi ofin^ecTBenHOt sii3hh 
66TB RaKiH TO TBTOHifl, nepecHiHBaion^ifl BTO BocnHTaTeiBHoe 3Ha?eHie 
cy^a. HaBTB o6ni(eGTBeHHuB opraHRSirb sapaseni RaRHMH to 820BpeA- 

HHMH MHRpo6aMH, AU 6opB6u CB ROTOpHHH OpraHESlTB B£ipa6aTU- 
BaeTB EIH CJEHmROlTB MaJIO HAH HOAOCTaTOHHO dHeprH^eCRHX'B $aroiQ[- 



118 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

TOBib. n He^ero paBc^HTUBaTB Ha yonixii camm KpacHopiuBsxi 
nponoB^A^S no ^bctegmj Bonpooj o naioiHurb BTops6miX!b vb ja-^ 
caTejUiCRie safiiiHeTU, nosa He otocthtch bgh nama ofiniecTBeHHaH 
awoc^pa. Jifk H KaKoe npaso HMierB mu, HHcaieu, lasi o6oco6- 

UTB CBOH Ka6HHeTH, HU, THZafl H BaSHSfl pa60Ta KHOm KOTOpHX'b 
Wb TOVL HHeHHO H COCTOHTB, ^06u paCIipOCTpaHlTB H81 CfiOHr& U- 

6HHeT0Bi cffbrb bo Bci yriii h saKoyjsE nainefi poahhh. fl riyOoso 
oBopCjo) 8a r-acy rypesHTB, ho ho yroAHo ju Bavb npoAyMaxb h 
npo^BCTBOBaiB oii/QTUH^i), HanpHKipi, HCTopii), coo6^^leMyI) uob- 
cKoi) raaoTOD «Xh3hi» h HcKyccTBo^. 

cB'B nponuoiTB ro^y bi t— cHOirb 2-KJiaccHoirB y^Eun^ paanrpa- 
xacB cjAAyDn^aa BoaMyrHTejcbHaa ci^eHa. OxHa Effb lyHuiHxi y^oHHi^ 
Bcer;^ noiynaBmafl HarpaAU h noxBajoAHe mcru, 14-THjr&THflfl Ojora 
JL — cKaa, 8ano;[03piHa 6iua vb npHCBoeHiH t^shxi saxonrb. 3aBi- 
AHBax)iiU& y^HJuni^6Mi» M — KO npoHSBorb tjtb se bi> uacci pascii- 
AOBanie a^ ^ sor^a, no ero MHiHix)^ $a]m» npHCBooHifl (Stmyora- 
H0BI6HI, OHi* HasHa^HTB ot crbjijK)mide 6e3^eioBtHHoe AH0i9iiuHHap- 
Hoe BSucKanie, HeHuciEHoe vb criHaxi mKOJoi bi ckoako HH6yA& 
i^uHBOBaHHOM'B oCn^eoTBi: npsBHaHHyio bhhobhod ohi npHKasajTb 
nposecTH Mos;^ nocrpoeHHUMH bi phah bo jpiopi y^ennsaMH, ko- 
Topne j^oJUKHU 6wm oioBaTB na nee. HcnoiHeHie arofi HpaBCTBOHHOft 
8K3eKyi];in ohb nopy^Hi'B AOcroftHoiiy cBoero yureu cTHnefl[AJiaTy 
B— Ky, KOTopuft AOinBeH> Cbltl HOcrynHTB bi» yuieiBCKyi) ceiufla- 
piD,^cjiiAOBaTeiLHO, roTOBHsmeMycH 6uTb neAaroroifi. B— ki npnsa- 
aaxx AByvL yHeHHKatf^b bubocth JI — csyx) bo ^BopB. Ona conpoxKB- 
jfliacb, KpH^aia: ^Bcih bu iseTe!», crapaflCB BupBaxBCH. B — Kb, bhah, 
^TO Maib^mRH HO MoryTb cnpaBHTbca (tb Heft, BaiiiHHn hx'l APynutH^ 
6oiie cHjbWHMH, Ohz noTanpuH ee hbb uacca bo ABopi; ona npo- 
Aojosaia conpoTHBiflTbOfl; bo Bpeicfl 6opb6u y en niaxba o6opBaxHCB 
nyroBHipi, EHnrH 6pomeHii 6h2h na seiuD. Bo ABOpi nocipoeHU 

ChOE B'b pflAH yHOHHKH; y BOpOTb CTOflJOE HOCTOpOHHiH XHI^a. KOFAa 

JI — cKyx) noABeiH kb pHAaici yneHHROBi, ona BupBaxacb hs'b pyK:b 
joiaii,% THpaHOBi H onpoMeTBD npofiizajia ckbosb paAU ynenHsoBi, 
nuTaaob npopBaTbca napysy, ho bto eft ne yAaiocb. B'b aio Bpeiui 
MHorie y^eHHEH HJieBau— oahh na sohju), ]i;pjne na Hee». 

dxa BOSMyTHTOJibHaH RapTHHa «neAarorH^eoKaro» HCTHsaHiH Baaia 
XudHhw u HcKyccmeoJim h3b cyAe6Haro upoTOsoxa MHpoBoro cyAbH 
yMancKaro oKpyra. 

«CyAe6Hoe npeoiiAOBaHie nayBipa-neAarora 6ujio B036y^eHo 
OTiloirb asepTBU ero HBystpcTBa. Ilpn pasGopi A'^a M— ko naoraH- 
Ban Ha HpeKpan^emn A'^a* na tovb ocHOBaniH, hto oho fiiuo yxe 
na pascHorpiHiH h y^etfnaro Ha^LaxbCTBa^ h aAHHHHcrpaipH, ohb no- 
KasajB, ?T0 H orei^'b norepniBniefi bi EagHHeri nanec^b eny ocBop6- 
Jienie A^CTBieHi. MnpoBofi cyABH, oAnaKO, npHroBopui M— eo S'k 
2-x'b-MicHuoMy apecryi. 



IHTEPATyPA H Sfl3HB. 119 

Ci'l3jp» npHsaajTb jijijlo senoAcyAHuiTB mepobuitl jvpemfffimavrb 
H nepoAajii a^^o npoRypopy. 

Pasi ;^o pascKaTpHBaJiocB vb Gjjfjb^ a He noknMai), no^eny 
RieBCKaa rasera jtfiBOJOGTBj&tCE HHHipaiaifH hu coKpan^enHiiMH emo- 
HaKH AificTByDn^Hxi mm. Ho 8to, KOHenEO, se Basao. UoBTopflE): 
fl rj[y6oRO CKop6ix) sa J[. fl. FypeBirai, ho KaKHMH ae csop6fliiH 
cKopCiTB 3a 8Ty HeoiaoTHyK) 14-jiiTHDD ;^BO«yl Mab ^ocToeBcsiK 
ci ero secTOKHiTB TaiaHTOX'B HyseHi> pjlbl H3o6paaReHifl nperepnjte- 
Huxx ex) xyineBHtix'b MyKi. A 8th cdhuo THpaHU», — ^^to BUfleoyTb 
OHH nai* SH3HH H ^0 BHooyrb B'b Hee, eoin ne BcrpixsTB napaiH- 
3yx)npxi> 8T0T& BOcnHTaxeiBSuft ohutb BJUHHifi! H Borb, Kor^a iiu 
BBeAoiTL wb CBofi spyrosopi Bce mhosoctbo dTHXi cjiy^aoB'B 6e8o6- 
pasHaro THpasciBa h canoynpaBCTBa, HairB hohhtho oraHeiTb, ^o 
npHCKop6Hue aoEdOAiit ci ivaseD rypesHTB, kh. Men^epoKHM'B h r. 
MeHBmHKOBuirB cyTB toibko qacTHOcrn, ne noAieasanpH oficya^eaiio 
BEt HXB CBflSH CB MHOSocTBOicB ;Q>yrErB flBjcoHift; ^TO HacB yrne- 
TaeiB H6 cneipajnbHoe HoyBaseHie ki thxoA h BasHofi pa6oTi mhcjih, 
coBepmann^eSca bb KafiHHeiax'b nHoaTOiefi, a HeyBaseme eb jlhuo- 
CTE BoofSme, bo Bcix'B ea saEOSHBiX'B e hepeux'b opoaBJieEiflX'B; 
uo seyBaseEiB) oroMy mi yHEMca boeii en^e b'b ^ByKJiacesoirB yqfl- 

JIEII^... 

H noToiTB — ocTaerofl enie sonpoirB o xapasxepi Tofi TEXofi e 
BasKEofl; pa6oTu mucje, Roropaa coaepinaeTca bb aamExi EEcaTeiB- 
oKEXii KaCEHerasB. Bi vMiwR&A kh. Men^epcKaro, EanpEMipB, 8Ta 
pa6oTa cocToaia vb nponoBiAH orjiymeaia mzcm padEsira onoco6auE, 
bb nponoBiAH npesptEia ki xaqEOHy AOcrosECTBy BOo6n^e, bi cMa- 
KOBasiE podFE, KaK'B cnacETOXBEaro BOSffbfloTBia aa yMi e qyacTBa, 
B'B qacTsocni. Argumentam baculinam e lenepB, noGii noxy^oEEaro 
EiTB ccEUBoxEHeoKaro* EXE peaiBEaro ocsop6xeEia, ooxpaaaexB jifla 
KB. Men^epcKaro cbod npexecTB. FoBopa o npoflcmecTBlE bb peji^aK- 
ipoEHOii'B sa6HE6Ti «He;i[&ia», okb <rxy6oKO ckop6etb 061 y^iaexE 
aeoqacTEaro ateffeseaai. OaB, nperepniBniifi aacExie, cTaEOBETca Ba 
cTopoEy Eo Tasoro se nperepniBmaro, a EacsxBEEKa. Bra jsfiOSB caKO- 
oTBopsesEO. B'B KE. MemepcKait) ao Tasofi creaeEE apocxo crpeMxe- 
Hie KB orxymesix) muoxe BcasEiiE cnooo6aME, ^rro aERasie medica- 
menta heroica ae Horyn* ero asxi^ETB otb btoA 6oxi8aE. H npEm- 
xooB 6ii, saKoaei](B, Mox^a npeAOcraBBTB ero Toft y^acra, Koropyx) owb 

CaHl Cetii CB TaRBH'B ynopCTBOlTB rOTOBETB. Ho ffbxo Bl TOITB, ^TO 

os'B sapaaKaeTB axMoc^epy. Owb a^so yase oRpyaoEi atROTopimi 
ROMEiecKan opeoxoM'B, e sa nocxiAHee Bpeiia, xaseTca, toxbro 
rr. HoxoBi^eBU a apaaaxa ero cxoaa au serieux. T%hb ae Hea'be, a 
xanxa, xaRi ESBiciEo, npoAax6xEBaerB, EaROEoqB, RaneEB, h e3o 
ABE B'B A^HB (TenepB ysi, Bopo^eirB, ae aso ahe bi jsfittb) aoBxopae* 
Moe Bocxaaieaie xyxaaa, RaRi nporaBOBiGa Mucxa, OGTaaxaerB, aaao- 
aei^x, cBoft cxiA7» B'B o6n^ecTBeaaoa'B cosaaaia. A b^ab Ra. Mea^ep- 
cRifiae oAaa'B aoABasaerca aa otomb noiipEni;^. Eoxb a APJrie op- 



120 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

raHU ne^ain, 6ojr&e juol uevbe asapxHO peKOMOHAyDniie KysaK'B, sas^ 
caifoe jiy^niee opyade bi* 6opB6'& ci mhcibi) BOo6iii;e, ci tox) hie 
j[^jTOJo He HpaBfln^eiDCfl hhi mmoibd b'b ^acTHocTH. droTb peKoiieH- 
Ayexufi RyjraR'B He Bcerffa, pasyirbeToe, peaieni, a Hxierb h Toase 
CBoero po^a «cHHBOj[HqecEifi> xapaETepx. 9to bo bchkoitb cjiyqai 
CTpeMjreHie He apryneHTOirB oTBtiHTB na apryiieHTB, a Tas'b wai nna^e 
sasaTb pOTb npOTHBHHRy BHi JiHTepaTypHHHH cpeACTBaxH. EjQ[Ba xe 
TasoS otipas'B A^ftcTBifl saojryaRHBaerB TKryjia cTBXofi h BasHofi pa- 
6oTU HuciH), H wbvh umQTO pHBHTeJiBHaro, eojiH oH'B, BsxaAHBaa 
CBOS) lenry bi o^nj^yi) ooRpoBEnpHi^ ^ HaoHJOH h caMoyitpaBCTBa, 
BBidUBaerb pHKomeTu, bi cbod o^epe^B HenpiflTHue ji;ia cavHX'B 

cHOABHBniHX'L Me^'B>. COMHtBaDCB, ^T06u E BC6, ?T0 ;^aeTCfl bi» 

pej^aKips «GlBepHaro BicTHHKa», 3aoiysEBaio HasBaHU inxoft h 
BasHoS pa60Tii micra h cnocoCcTBOBaxo BOcnETaHiio o6ii^ectBa 2% 
cMUCjrb yBaxceHifl R'b iHTepaTyp*]^. ^ase He buxo^ aa npeAtiH me- 
parypnaro 8nE30Aa, BUSBaBinaro ocRopfixenie r-SE FypeBHTB^ mu 
EvieifB efl co6cTBeHHoe npHSHaHie, tto na cTpaHHii;ii en sypHaia 
nonaxo niHTO A'^ficTBEreiBHo HenosBOJiHTejiBHoe. 
« HiaRi, Hu, HHoaTexE, GescnopHo aoa2Rhu cRop61^TB o ciy^aaxi 
(yb r-seD rypeBHTB, bh. MemepcREM'B e r. MeHBmEROBHirB, ho naiTB, 
rojiocy crpaHH, ne noAo6aerB ce6flj[D6EBafl To^sa spiHJH, HSoiEpyi)- 
Hi^afl 9TH BOSMyTHTejiBHue cxy^as otb Boefi coBOKynHOCTE npoESBojia 
E caifoynpaBCTBa, coBepmaDniiixoH vh poAHOt cTpani vb camixi 
pa8Hoo6pa8Hiixx ^pMax'E. A saTiirB, nairb, HEcaTejuiirb, cjAaT^t^ 
no^yMaTB o6i ynopjiAO^eHifl npaBOsi b'b cBoet co6eTBeHHoft cpe^^... 



Bpa^y, Hd^tAECH caBrBl—cKaserB MHi^ r. TyraHB-BapaHOfiCKii. 
Bi anpiiBCRoft SHSsKi f Mipa Bosifl> Hane^aTana ero cxaTBa «8ko- 
HOMH^ecsifi ^^aETopi H EAeE», osaH^HBaH)iii;aflCfl cAjijv>mfauL cjtoBaifH: 
«He AOBOJiBCTByacB apryMeHiaiiE ho cyn^eciBy (ejih, Bi^pnie, no ne- 
AOcraTKy TaKOBHx^), r. MExatiOBcsift npE6'bra6rB Kb apryiieHTaii'B 
ad homineiD. 9to, pa3yiri^eTGE, ero ^iio. TaRi sanpHHip'B, owb no- 
aaraerB, ^rro f am r. Tyrana 600 MyTOxejiBHfcftniHX'B cMepxeS — oyn^ie 

nyGTflRH»(?l). ^TO MOSHO BOSpaSHTB Ha 8T0? COCTflSaTBCH Gl V. MExaft- 

jiOBCEHirb Ha aroft no^Bi a ne mAD HERaRoro seiaHia. Ho BceHy 
ecTB npeA*]^, n saEBJieHifl o rptxoBHOCTH loro ejth ehofo KHiHifl o 
^aRTopaxi HCTops^ecRaro pasBHTUi (cBejiHRift rptei 6eperB na cbox) 
Aymy r. TyraHi>) RasexcH me^ aoboibho HeoaKHAaHHUirB na crpaHE- 
i^axi* jQ[E6epaj[BHaro acypHaja> 

9temh cjnoBaMH r. Tyras'B-BapaHOBCRift xo^otb cRasax^ vro xo 
o^OHB HAOBExoe, oABa oAHaRo Mopi^aDHiiee grbosb xyMaHU capryiieH- 
xoFB ad hominem^ e «rpixoBHBix'B HHiHit>. il aoisohi Ckutb 6k[, 
noBEAEHOMy, HOOBinaxB CBOD HociA^myi) Ha jorrepaxypHoft pa6oTb 
roiOBy nenjioiTB e noRaaxBca, qxo «PyocRoe BoraxcxBO» ne onpaBAaxo 
AOBipia r. Tyrana-BapaHOBCRaro, a a is^o, am caMoro ce6a <ao- 



JKHTEPATyPA H aOIBHB. 121 

BOJILHO H60SHAaHH0>, BOTpiTHJTB TaROrO 6oraTIipfl^ nepe/^X K0T0pUM1> 

OKasasBCB 6e3CHjiBHHMH MOH JEflTepaTypHue peccypcu, h a npn&krb 
jsTb €iyKaBOM7SHH3Kaiy». JI iiarB 0u OAHaso cb aP7^8 crropoHH pa3- 

BETB MUCAB^ BHpaSeHHyD Bl pej^aKipOHHOlTB npHlffc^aHiH BTB GTaTB'k 

r. roiBAnrrofiHa «JKHBoeHMepTBoe»,Hair69aTaHHOtBiTOfise anpijoi- 
CKO^ KHHXKi cMipa 6o8U[»: eoTB t^Enma. HayBa», Koxopaa tBcer^a 
HpaBCTBeHHa», ho ecTB H TaKie sonpocH, bi Boxopuxi, no imiHii) pe- 

AaR^iH «UOSe'rB 6uTB pi^B O HpaBCTBeHHOOTH HXH 6e3HpaBCTBeHHOCTH 

(<rpixoBHOOTH>?) xaHHaro HanpaBJiesdH*. Ho sl h6 cA^jiai) hb 
Toro, HH APF<>ro* ^ nenjEom rojtfOBy obod le oocsiux), hh pas- 
BHBaiB MHciB pe^aKi^H cMipa Bosifl» ho 6yj5j. SI npocxo bobciu- 

HOBJID $aSTH. 

^pasa: c^^ia r. Tyrana 600 Mj^wrexbsAimnTb cMepreft — cymie 

nyCTflKHi AifiCTBHTeiBHO 6CTB FB MOOft CTaTB'l. Ho HS'B STOFO OTHDAB 

He cjAjijerb, ^to6h h ynoAofijunrB r. TyraHa^BapaHOBCRaro TopKBe- 
va^'i, He|>0Hy h jqfjrawb jnoCmesawb sootokhx'b sptsiini^'B. Haiipo- 
THBi, cad homiiiem» y MeHfl roBopHTca cjiliAynn^ee: cOkb, a jvk- 
fBWb, coBciifB He TaE'B secTOKooepA^ ^To6u eify 6hj[o cBnoini^ 

H HGElDHHTeJIBHO HanJieBaTB» Ha 600 JiyqHTeXBHUX'B CMopTOft; fl yBi- 

peHi», TTO cjiyncB na ero rxasaxi ^o HH6yAB nojio6Eoe, ovb cb 

XapOlCB npOTHBOnOCTaBHJTB 6U CBOH H^eH HffiMWh paCKOIBHH^flrO 

Hona (piqB haotb o caMocosHraieuxi) h cBoe KpacHopfcqde ero 
KpacHopitiD> (P. B. N 1, crp. 54). Sa^irB se r. TyraE'B-BapaHOB- 
cKit TaE'B caiTB oefis CesnosoHTB? 

^To EacaercH ero «iiHiHiH o ^(ASioparB HcropHqecKaro pa3BH<rifl», 
TO fl cqHTaK) dTO MHinie HOBipHEDrB n oahoctopohhhm'b, ho HHRorAa 
He HasHBai'B crptxoBHHirBi. RocBeHHiarB odpasoifB usi npHmiocB 
Bi) cBoeft cTaTBi Aase sacrynnTBCfl aa eio HHiHie, h6o h roBopB, ^to 
r. TyraHii-BapaHOBCKift cKOMnpoiieTTspyeTB san^Hn^eioift null xesiCB^ 

H Bfiipasai) yBipCHHOCTB, ^0 C^ BTHITB COFJiaCflTOS «BCi GBOIBKO HH- 

6yAB cepBeBHsze eAHHomnnieHHHKH r. TyraHa» (ibid. 59, a xaKxe 
65). ^paaa: cBeiHidft rpta*B CeperB na obod ATiny i*« Tyrant* ohatb 

TaKH A'&ftCTBHTeiEBHO OCtB Bl MOefi OTaTK^, HO OHa OTHOCHTCH HO K^B 

<]iHiHiD» r. Tyrana-BapaHOBCKaFO, a k'b TOHy, ^to ohi, Cy^y^H ^e- 
jiOB'bKOM'B HaysH, cHooo6GTByeTB pacnpocTpaHemit) fciinoft sipm, 
npHKpuBaK)H];e&Gfl <KpHTHS0fi» E cHayKOfi» (ibid. 61). Ho Tyrb a, 
no RpaftneS Hipi, noHEMan, no^eiiy r. TyraHi-BapaHO^cidfi TaKi 
cam ce6fl 6e3noROHrB. 

Ho dTHlTB AByiTB 06pa3UKaH'B HHTaTeJIB HOSeTB CyAHTB B006ni6 

nojetfE^ecRHX'B npieicax'B r. Tyrana-BapaHOBORaro: Bce to oh%, no 
BupaseHin Tji. ycnencRaro, <He bi to MicTO nonaAaeTB». He BHsy 
no8TOMy HaAo6HocTH BXOAHTB BO B(A noApofiHocTE HOBaro npoflSBeAe- 
Hill r. TyraHa-BapaHOBCRaro, xa bto 6ujio 6h ji;m Memi h saTpyAHH- 
TejiBHo, TaRi RaR:B cboh BOdpaseHifl usk owl nepenieTaeri) cb bo3- 
paseHiflHH rr. KapieBy e OCoieHCROMy, BCJ^ACTBie ^ero ero apry- 
MeHTa^ia noJty^aerB napo^HTo eanyTaHHHfi xapaRTop'B. He Mory 



122 PyCGKOS BOrATCTBO. 

OAHaKO He BOOnOIbSOBaTBCfl HiEOropUMH ypOKaMH^ KOTOpue OHl, Fb 

EaqecTBi oneipaocia, npenoAaerB HHi, npo^^aHy. 

Owb ofiiacHfldTL: «B'b CBoefi craibi a roBopi), ^eto KanflraAHCTH- 
^ecEas opraHHsaiQA npeAnojiaraerB Tps ocHOBHHX^b 4>opMU Aoxo^a: 
peHTj, npH^uiB H sapafioTHyn luaxy. F. MzxaftiOBCsift h cb BTflVB 
He corjiaceH'B: «He BanBTaiHCTH^ecsafl opraHHsai^ npeji^oJiaraeTL 
3 ocHOBHUx^b ^pMU ]!fijx>][fii^ a HaTsa SHaerB tojq»ko 8th 3 $op]fH». 
IIoBH^piMOMy, r. MHxafiioBcsifi nojuaraerb, ^to ^^opiiu Aoxo^a cytb 
He HCTopH^ecsifl, a lorH^eoKui saieropiH^ vro penra, npHfibuo* h aa- 
pa6oTHaa luaTa cjn^ecTByDTB npn Bcasoft opraHHsaipH xosuftcTBa. 
BhULo 6u j[d6oiihtho, eciHCu ohi BameJTB bth iffofuu Aoxo^a xoth 
611 y HpoEesoBi, KOTopim pascKasiiBaeTB Mopranii (M. B. lY, 
290). y HpOE680BT», BOTopux'B pascKasuBaeTL MopraHi, a laKse 
y MHornx'B ji;pjTETh, o Koiopux'B pascKaauBanTB MHOrie aPT^^i i<^ 
He HafiAOMi Tpex-B ^opin» Aoxo^a, ho ne bi nposesaxi h ;^o. F. 
TyraHi-BapaHOBCKift yrBepsx&Ji^ bi cBoeft nepBOft craTbl, hto «B'b 
EasAoifL odn^ecTBi ctoibko se KiaccoBi, ckojilko ^pm'b Aoxo^a bi 
HHXi» cyntecTBy^Ti>>, a aarlHB, yBasaBi mpu $opMU Aoxo^a, caiii> 
HacHHTajB <B:b 6ojiLniHHOTBi coepeMeHHwxh o6n;ecTB'L» «no Rpaftneft 
irbpt nnmh KJ[accoBi>. Si se, npeAioxHBi eiiy npoSasHTB kb aiHirb 
nflTH en^e TasB HasuBaeiiue HenpoHSBOAHTeiBHue Riacou, yrBepaM&rb 
H yrBepsAOD, hto, Ha ckoibko6£i uaccoBB bto ccoBpeMeflHoe o6n;e- 
cTBo» HH A&iuocB, vb HoiTB Bce TaKH 6yAerB He 6oshme Tpex'b 
(|)opM'B AoxoAa^ a noTony He Bipno h oGn^ee Hoioxenie r. Tyrana- 
BapanoBCRaro: <vb Kas^OM'B o6nieGTBi ctoibko se RiacooBB, cboibko 
(i)opn Aoxo^a bb hoitb cyn^ecTByeTB». nojiarai), hto ocuARa na Hpo- 
KesoBii, EOTopiKi paacBasuBaeTB Mopran'B, nnqero bb btohb MoeifB 
yTBepsAOHiH ne OTMinaerB. 

FopasAO noynnrejEbHie Apyroft yposB, npenoAaBaeioit hh^ r. 
TyraH'B-BapaHOBCEHiTB. Egih uraTejiB hphhokhhtb, h oCbhhhxb Moero 
no^TOHHaro onnoHeHia bi tomi, ^to oh'b «AdBTB cbohitb ^HTaiejuui'B 
BHOflHi H3Bpan^6HHoe noHfliie o6b HoropHqecRoft pora con^a nojorrn- 

HeCROft 8R0H0MiH», TO OCTB AAaMa CMHTa, BHCTaBHBB Ha BHAB AHHIB 

«HAeH» CMHTa 6jiaroTBopHoirB sHa^eniH cBOfioAHOft EOHRyppenqiH h 
yifOii^aBB ero pojiH vb paaBHTiH TeoperH^ecKHxi ochob'b nayRH, bb 
qacTHOCTH TpyAOBoS Toopin stinnocTH. MuMOxodoMz^ Boapasaa r. 
TyraHB-BapanoBCROMy, a saniTHJiB: cnojiosHM'B, ^to «MeHie Bcero> 
CumTh co^yBOTBosaiB ne $a6pHRaHTaM:B h ToproBi^airB, a KJiaccy 
KpynHBiiB seMJieBJiaAiJiiBiteBi, ho dtbAo meneph ne eh emoMzi^ (P. B. 
II, 159), jl^tScTBHTej[BHO, A^o 6iuo HO b:b 8T0]fib, HO T. TyraFB- 
BapanoBCEift, cosepmeHHO yMai^HBaH o hoom'B naBHOH'B o6BHHefliH, 
yxeaTHJCH hhohho sa 8to no6o9Hoe MHiioxoAHoe saiiiiaHie, cAtian- 
Hoe, TaKB cRaaaTB, b'b cRo6Rax'B, h o6BHHfleTB mohh cbb nomoin 
fieasaKOMCTBi cb npeAiieToii'Bt h coBiTyerB npoqnraTB «BoraT- 

CT60 HapOAOBB». Qs.TbU'b OH'B HpHBOAHTB AB^-TpH BHHHCRa H81> 
JEHSra CMHTa, bb ROTOpUX'B A^tCTBHTeJIBHO CRB03HTB HOfijiarO- 



IHTEPATyPA H SH3HL. 12B 

npiflTHoe oTHomeme jn'b TOproscHiipoiaimjieHHOHy uaccy h fijiaro- 
npiflTHoe — Ji'b uaccy soHJieBJiaAim^eB'B. H r. TyraHi-BapaHOBCEiti 
no6iAOHOCHO cnparnHBaen: cKaaseicfl, Bce bto ;iocTaTo^HO flCHo?» 
HirB, HeAOcraTo^HO acho. JijkjLo vb tohi, ^rro BHHHcaTb hbii o6iiiHp- 
saro co^HHeHifl nioKOJiBSO crpos-b en^e ne 8HaqHrB onpeA'i^BTB ero, 
xapasT6pi» Vb jx^laowb. H a, bi* cbod aan^Tj, dosbojii) ce6^ co- 
ciaTBCfl Ha MHiHie ^exoBiKa, aBTopHrerii KOTOparo r. TyraHi-Bapa- 
HOBcsift, vL^jsjbiDCb^ H6 CTaneTB OTBepraiL. Oahh'b y^enut 8Kohojihcti» 
roBopHTb: cMajiBxyci), co^HHeHifl KOioparo 6iuh bx Bucmeft creneHa- 
TQEjifiBJ^OBEU H BCOFAa BpocjiiAOBaiH onpBA'i^eHHyiD nojiBTHqecKyiD 
Hisb^ BHCTynHJTB BX Ban^Ty aeMAeeAodtbAhHecKaio luacca otm mnon^ 
napeKamU ffb SesnoAeaHOcmu, KomopuMZ seMAeeAodtbAhUtA nodeepta- 
Auch CO cmopoHtA AdoMa CMuma h ero y^esHSOBi. Tanoe omnotue- 
nie Kb oStmemsenHoii poAu aeMeAtmu apucm&Kpamiu co cmopoufA 
AdaMa CMuma enoAUtb lapMOHupoeoAO cb peeoAm^umntAMb xapaKme- 
poMz moil ^noxuj eo ^eJM Komopou nucaAb Ad. CMUtm. Xonut Ad. 
CMumb eo MHO%uxb Mfbcmaxz ceoeu SHOMeHumoti KHum weopumz^ nmo 
unmepecfA mopweo-npoMmuAeHHaw cocAoein npommonoAOoicHtA unme- 
pecoMb eceH natm, tnfbMb ne Menne ecu nmiAa ew npomawyma eo3- 
sptbmeMb, umo mopweo^poMtAuiAeHHue tcAacctA npedcmaeAMOfm coSoio 
xAuenyio, ecAU ne eduncmeeHuyw ctMy naniu^. 

H^THpyeHufi aBTopi», oqeBHAHO, corjaceH'b co HHofi, a He ci r. Ty- 
raHOHii-BapaHOBCKHHii. Owb sHaerB ri cntoa anaHeHHToft khhth 

Aa. GMHTa>, KOTOpSH HpHBOAHTb F. TyraHB-BapaHOBCKifi, HO, HO 
C06Aa3HflflCB HME, rOBOpETB HOTTH 6yKBaiBH0 TO CaMOO, ^TO H H FO- 
BOpD: cMOHie BCerO ChHTB CO^BCTBOBaS'L HO ^aCpHKaHTaMli H TOp- 

lOBi^aHi*, a Kiaccy KpyiiHsxx 3eiiJieBdiaA'bja>ii;eBi»». H bto, ho HHinuo 
i^HTHpyoHaro anxopa, «BnojiH6 rapHOHBpoBaj(0 ci peBOJU0I^OHH£[l^b 
xapaKTopoMX 8m)XH>. AsHaere ih, kto aTOTBaBTOpx, ctojkb corjLacHBit 
CO MHoft H cjrlAOBaTeJiBHO, no HHtHiio r. Tyrana-BapaHOBCEaro^ no^- 

2eSaH^ft otiBBHOHilD BX cHOJIHOH'B HOSHaKOHCTBi CTb npeAMeT0Ml>? 

Hhexo HHoft, KaRx caul* r. TyraHB-BapaHOBCsifi... Q^THpoBaHHoe 
HicTO BU Mosexe HafiiH na cip. 392—393 ero khhih «npoMHmj{eH* 

Hue BPH3HCU Bl COBpeMOHHOfi AHTJliHi. BipOHTHO, Bl KaieCTBi ^OJIO- 

BiKa HayKH, r. Tyran'B-BapaHOBCKift HHierB ABa npaMO npozHBono- 
iioasHBifl HHiHia 061 oahoitb h TOifB ace npeAMOT'^* fl — ^npo^aHB, h 
xaRofi pocKomH hobbojihtb ce6i Ha Mory... 

He AOBOJiBHo iH? HirB, eHi;e oahhii nyHKTB au xapaRxepHCTHKH 
noJieMHqecsHX'B npieMOBi r. Tyrana-BapaHOBCKaro. Bu noHHHTe ero 
yAHBHTejiBHyD AHccepTa^UD AapBHHt, KOTopufi, A^CRaTB, noTOHy 
B£i6pajB npeAMeTOMii cbohxi aanflTifi ecrecTBosHaHie, hto tofo ipe- 
6oBaj[H npaKTH^ecm saAa^H, BUABHHyrHH pasBHTieM'B Kpynnoft Hpo- 
HunuieHHOcTH. TenepB r. TyraffB-BapanoBcsift BOSBpan^eTca ki» 8to& 
Teiit H paBJLHBaerB laRoe Mope yqenocTH h ooTpoyiiifl, ^to KyAa yse 
MHi Bu^epnaiB ero cbohitb crpohhum'b kobhioiciI Asa lasoft no- 
HUTKH HaAO 6uTB BB BocoJioirB pacHOAOseHui Ayxa. Mni oco6eHHO npa- 



124 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

BETCs TjTB nofiiAOHOCHBift Bonpocnb: cpasBi jsjbu'b h 0T6i](ib ^apBHHa 
SHXB Ha — ^Baxi ^H^UKH, a He Bi AHrjnH?» Hn^ero He Hory Bospa- 

3HTE npOTHBl SaKJOO^aDH^eftCfl B'B dTOVB BOHpodb EOTHHH. Mory TOJTBEO 

HsyiuiflTbca otimEpHocTH HOBHaHifi r. TyraEa-BapaHOBOsaro h ero na- 
xoA^inBOCTH Bi Gnop&. TojiBKo BOTB ^TO sauiqy. F. TyraH'b'BapaHOB- 
cRifi roBopHTB: <r. MnzaftjOBCKifi He Hoserb AonyoTETb, ?to6ii 6£ua 
KaKaa HH6yAB saBHCHMOCTB Mes^y HdcjAAOBaHiflMH ^apBHHa h Rpynnoft 
npoHiiHueHHOCTBD... T. MHxafiiOBCKifi cii Hero;^OBaHieM'B OTsepraerB 
•caMyx) MHCJEB TOiTB, ^o6iz pasBHTie eoreoTBosHaHiH Haxo^HjiocB bi* 
KaROft m6o cBflSH cb yeioBiHUH xoaaficTBa... F. MnzaftjioBCKifi a7- 
vaoTB^ ^To ^apBHHi cTOflJTb BH^ BCflRaro BJiiflHifl coi][iaj[BHofi cpe;^»... 
Aa 6yAen BairB, Moft vHoroyBasaeHHfil ycnesoitTecB! Habere no- 
noj(o6Haro a He roBopHJTB. Bh noqEraftre. fl yK jAvb 25 Toiiy Ha- 
saAi* BHOAHi onpextjreHHo roBopHJTB o cbabh ecrecTBOSHaHui Boofin^e 

H leopiH AapBHHa FB ^aCTHOCXH cb yCJlOBiHKH X03HfiCTBa. flfik H B'B TOfi 
CTaTBi, H8X BOTOpOft BU TaRifl yAHBHTeXBHilH SaEID^eHifl Ha MOfi 

G^erB BHseiH, bctb cii/cyiDmui CTpoRE: <TeoiHE nao^tBHo nexaHH- 
^eoaaro HOA^opa npHcnocotiJieHHuxii h nepeaRHBaHifl, vb jnoroS 6opB6i 
sa cyuiieeTBOBaHie, jiy^UHHX'B h bhohihx'b opraHRSuoB^, — ecTB npsMoe 
oTpasenie h Rani 6u npHHi^iiiaiBHoe onpaBAaHie xoft 61meHoft o6- 
mecTBeHHOft ROHRyppeB^iH, B'B Roropoft pasBHTie RpyHBoft upoMinmeH- 
HOGTH ErpaeTB CTOIB BHAHyD pojtb. PeROHeHAyx) ary Teiiy r. Ty- 
raHy» (P. B. I, 64—65). fl eny fijiaroKapHiflinyl) leny peROMeHAyi), 
SMOHHO oBflSH TeopiH ^pBHHa (TB ycioBiaKH xosflScTBa, a offB ro- 
BopHTB, ^To fl «<rB HeroAOBaflleBrB oTBeprai) caMyD HHOJCb* o xaRofi 
cBflBH... GBfl3B HecouH'fcHHO ecTB, HO F. TyraffB-BapaHOBCRitt «He bt> 
TO vtox) noitait'B», yrBepxAas, "tto eH6oph aaHnmiH ^apBHHa onpe- 
Ai^fljicfl npaRTsqecRHHH sa^^a^aMH, BUABBraeMuiiH pasBHTieirB Rpyn- 

HOft HpOMSniJieHHOCTH. HeUHOflCRO CJIOSKHie dTO A^o..# 



He^aBHO noflBHiaoB RHHra M. A. AHTOHOBH?a tHapjiBS'B ^apBHE'B 
B ero Teopifl». 3to ^pesBH^aftHO no^TeHHBA Tpyffb, HcnojnieHHutt ci 
6oiBmoi) jiK>6oBBH>, uoasen 6utb ^ase cb MpesMipnos) jra)6oBBH). He 
TO, HTotiu AapBHH'B HO sacjryscHBajTB BeiH^aftmaro no^rremH, ho toibro 
Rasi y^enufi, a h RaRi ^ejioB^Ri, — HanpoTHBi, Bci 6iorpa$u oahho- 
rjiacHO roBopHTL o ero bucorhx'b HpaBCTBOHHUxi Ra^edBaxT*. H^ro- 
TopBEe ESB HEXB yTBopsAaDTB ;^a2Re, HTO vh HOMi «BeiE?aftni]ft yv'B 
coeAHHEJicfl Gi en](e Gojrle BiiooREirB xapaRTepoirB» (FpaHTi AjiieHi). 
n HeoMorpfl Ha orpoHHOCTB BRjiaAa ^apBEfla Bi HayRy, RaROBas 
orpoifHOCTB Morjia 6ti, HOBEAEMOMy, eoBepmeHHO saojioHETB ero xy;(UE 
JIB, xopomifl jfl ra^HHE RaneGTBa,— t^vb fioiite, uro otb TpeBon 

npaRTE^eCROft SESHE OEB GTOPOEETOE, — Jijmid 8HI][ERJI[0|ieAE?eCRi6 cjio- 
BapE OTMi^aDTB ero ORPOMHOGTB, A06pOCOBtCTHOGTB, ^OGTEOGTB, 6j(a- 

ropoACTBO xapaRTepa e t. ;i;. Cjioboitb, 8to ^j^t^o 6e3CEopEoe: 6iorpa$H 
^apBEEa -B^ 6e8i> HCRjiD^eEiE no^TErej^BEO npeRjiOHflUTB rojioBK 



JEHTEPAiyPA H aKHSHB. 125 

HepeAi> ero HpaBCTBeHHuirb o6msoirB. Ho r. Ahtohobh^j SToro naio. 
IIoao6ho tiwb pimapflHi, xoxopue, padiisaiuui no 6iioiiy csirry^ 
HaHipeEHo fiudHBaxH HenpiiiTHOGTH no iMiP^cy cBoeft jiflMSi^ viq6u cpa- 
SHTBGfl 8a Oil ^ecTB, T. AflTOHOBHq^b HaBfl3UBa6Ti» 6iorpa$airB ^ap- 
BSHa AjpHue o6x hovb ot3ubk, KOTopHO, xoHeuo, TjTb se H 
onpoBopjcaerB. 

r. AHTOHOBH^^b roBopHTB: cEiorpa^K ^apBHHa canmi hooosbo- 
jraTejUiHUM'B o6pa80irB dzojuoTpe6isnoTb ero HejHipeHHoit okpohhootlio 
H ero qpoBH'&pHO crporon TpedoBaTeibHocTbi) ktb Ge6ib». CisAjijjDTh 

npHlfi^pU, H31> KOTOpUXX, paflH KpaTROCTH, Mil OCTaHOBHHCH TOURO 

Ha AByxx. 

«B'b cBoeS aBTo6iorpa$iH A^pbhstb orspoBeHHO h qHcrocepAeuo 
npHHecB noKaflHie B'b tomi, tto b'l jsibtcmt ovb juofinn cavniflTE 
He6HJ[Hipi jsjiSL myiKH h pa 8$4^KTa. CiiAOBaTeJiBHo, — BaEjnoianrb 
6iorpa$H,— oHx bi j^tctb^ ofiHapysHBajTB HauoHHOCTb ko xam. H 
^TO ase aio 3a jiosb? Caiiaa HeBHHHaa npo;^|jiKa; owb oopBaix wh 
GBoeMX ca^y HicKOAKo 4>pyKT0Bii H cnpjiTai'b BTb B'b syoxaxB, a'no- 
TOifB npH6!bsan aomoS h osasaiii, qro oh'b, HameirB vb Kyexaxi Ry^y 
j^pyKTOBi*, BipoflTHo JsAwb TO yKpaA^HHBixi H copflTaHHiix'B. Hy 

HOSHO J[H HB'b 8T0r0 BUBOAHTb, TTO ^pBHHl Bl» ^^TGTBfi XHirb CTpaCTK 

iiraxb? n BipoflTHo AH 8T0 B% HeiTOBiKt, BCfl Hatypa Koroparo aa^ 
CSB03B 6iiJia nponBTaHa ppa^AHBocTBD? H r;^ aro 6iorpa^ BH^ajiH 
Tam OTB posi^eHia npaBAHBua aarypu, soTopiia Kb xfercTBi He co- 
^HHflJiH 6u noAo6Htfx% neCvsjaiih h noAotinofi jqkh? — ^apBHHi pas- 

GRaSHBaOTB, mo Bl 6HTH0GTb GBOD B^ d^piHGyprCBOlTL yHHBepOHTBTt, 

ysHaBiy ^To oreqB MoseTB ocraBflTB evy cpeACTBa, AOcraTO^HHH ji^a 
cy^ecTBOBaHiH, pasjrbHHJiCH, nepecxan saHiicaT&cji MeAnpaofi. Orb- 
AOBaxeiBHo, — aaEJUDiaDTB 6iorpa$H,— ohl 6wrh rtxHBinrb mojioabutl 
qejEOBiROMis saHHMaBHOiMca TOJOKO Aifl Kyosa Jjcb6a; aoioMy ^ro, 
yanaBi o ^poACTBaxi otiv^ cxan meioaafiHBiaTB, tfpeAaBaica enopry, 
Kyiesaicb h a^^o oAHaawu 6wvb HBflffB, KaRi* oairB ze co3HaoT0fl>. 

Rasie, HOAyMaeniB, MeiRie h sAops^^HHe 2K>ah arH 6iorpa$uI — 
HenpeniHHo hopobhtb pas'LHcsaxB KasyD HzSyAB cia6ooTb BOJiHKaro 
^ejEOBisa H pa3AyTB ee ao pasHipoB^, coBepmeHHO ne oooTBtTCTByD- 
n^Hxi ea AUtcTBHieiBHMy BHaneHix). fykue cMopTb Bejuucaro Meiosiica 
na daoraBJurerB bth HAOBHTue hbhkh npHJiHHHyTB k*b ropTasH... H 
RaRaa APflHHaa mojiowoctb o6BHHeHifl: 73 roAa ^ejioBiRib nposHii, a 
oAHHi pasx BSOHn jumraee,— RaRoft mIahhS jio6'b hjeh jiai^eifipHyK) 
Aymy HaAO HMiTb, hto6u oA'i^aTB wb btofo ijfajsm ynpeKi xBopity 
^npoHcxosAema bbaobi>? Hih bto yia^eaie npaBAHBiftnuro leio* 
BiRa Bi JiaRHBOGTH... ^ HpaBi, cosepmeHHO npaBi* bi CBoesrB ae- 
roAOBania r. Ahtohobh^'b... 

HiTB, GOBepmeano ae apaBi r. Abtobobh^'B. IIoxBaiBao^ Kfao— 
sangrra ucraro ^ejioaiaa orB ae ^aorux^B aangAORi; aoxsaiBaoe, a 
BHiGTb Gi T^Hi B AiA oaMaro daopxaaRa JieGraoe, oGofieaao RorAa 
pi^ BAGTB ae tojibro o qaGToa'B, a a o BOJiaRoirB qejioB'fcR'&, pas* 



126 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

ABHHyBmeirL hsoih yHCTBeHHue ropESOHTEi e cocraBianii^eirB ropAOcr^ 
n ciaBy HajKE. Ho paj^H aroro noxsajiBHaro e jiecxEaro A^a ne 
arbjij&rh BceiasE 6pucaTi» HeaaeiyxeHHyn rivh Ha iD^efi, xora 6a 
Aase E o'^eHB xaMfibKEXi vb cpaBHeniE o% BeiERaHOM'B ^apBHEOiTL, 
HO oTHocflHiHXGfl Kb dToiij BOAHKaHy HO iieHle noHTHTejn»Ho, — csasy 
Oomne: He Jieuie fiiaroroBlftno, ^Ihi r. Ahtohobe^'b. SI ho suaxy 
HH OAHoro 6iorpa$a ^apsEHa, ROTopuft saciysEBaJTB 6u HeroAOBanifl 
r. AHTOHOBH^a; HanpoTHB'b, sasx yse cKaaaHO, Bci ohh pacapocrpa- 
HflDTOfl vb noxBaiaxi bucokhitb HpaBCTBeHHiurL sa^ecTBaH'B cBoero 
repofl, xoTfl HiROTopue hbii hhxi npEBOWTii e aneRAorb o 6yAT0 6ii 
HafiA^HHUx'B j^pyRTaxi h cjyqaft OBflHOTBa. Bonpoci bi tomx,-^ 

RaRl npHBOAHTli H RaRTB OCBtn^aDTB* r. AhTOHOBETB H6 Ha3UBaeTL 

no EMeHH HH ojpEoro H31 6iorpa$oB'B ^pBBHa, B036yAHBmHXX ero 
HeroAOBanie, a roBopHTB B0o6n^e — «6iorpa4>u», TaRi iro RaRi* 6yAT0 
Aase Bci OHH noBHHHU Bi rpix'b 8X0H3uqifl h APEHHoft npHAHp- 
^BBOCTH. BosBMOHi SO 6iorpa(|»ii), Bi ROTopofi ynoHflHyrne oiyqaH 

JISH' H EBflHCTBa BUCTyoaDTB, HOBEAHMOMy, Cl^ OCO66HHOK) flpROCTBD. 

3to— 6iorpa$HqeoRift oqepRi M. A. dHreiBrapAra, BomOAniiS fb co- 
craBi 6iorpa4[)HqecROft 6fl6iiOTeRH IlaBJieHROBa. 

Bi orjiaBieniH btoS 6iorpa^iH Bcrpl^aeirB TaRin oiOBa: cnaRiOH- 

HOCTB RO JlSH B^ A^TCTBi>, €0T2UHHBaHB6 OTB HayRH», « nOCpeAGTBOH- 

Hue ycnixE bi nayRaxiii. A hoa'b bthmh s^roxoBRaMH HaxoAHirBci^ 
AyDQ^ee. PascRaaaBi o xflrROcepAe^iH Dnaro Jl^apsHHa, r. dHrexB- 
rapAiTb npoAOJisaen: «KcTaTH yaoMflHeirB SAicB o Apyrofi ^eprfc ero 
xapaRiepa. «H AoxxevB npHSHaTBCH — pascRasuBaerB ohii bi cBoeft 
aBTo6iorpa$iH — ^ro bi a^tctu^ fiim oqeHB cRjioHeni BUAyxuBaxB 
H6npaBAonoAo6HUfl HcropiH crb niibio BosfiyAHTB nepeaoxoxii. TaRi» 
nanpHirbpi, a naSpaiii OAsaxAi' bi caAy Moero oma Ryqy uoaobi, 
cnpflTaJTB ee wb RycrapHERB h onpoMeTBD no6%aRajrB coo6na[TB, qro 
fl HameJTB syqy yRpaAeHHux'B nji0A0Bi>. Rii aioMy noRasaHii) caMoro 
J(apBHHa 6iorpa4^i npH6aBifleTB moAhKo cjrbAyi>n^ee: «Bott> ^aRTH^e- 
qecRoe onpoBepsenie hoojiobbi^u— RaROBi vb R0Jiu6ejiBRt, TaROFB h 
Bi HorHXRy». A aarbMB pt^b haotb yse coBciiii o Apyron (o sa- 
Qfliiax^ xHuiefi). n TOJLBRO qepesB ntcRoJiBRO crpaHHi^, roBopfl o 
npaBAHBooTff ^apBHHa, fiiorpaj^'B aaifiqaeTB: «HaRj[OHHocTB buaj- 
uHBaTb eencai^OHflUfl HcropiH Hcqesia OescjrbAHO BMtcrb ci a^t- 

OqeBHAao, qTO, no Rpafineft irtpt, r. dnreiBrapATB othidab He 
aaciyafCBBaerb ynpeROBi bi» HenoqTBTeJiBHOirB hxh opEAEpqaBOHi yno- 
MaaaHJH o ciyqai cb Ryqei nxoAOBi. Owb 6yRBajiBH0 npHBOABTb co6- 
cTB6HBKfl cioBa ^apBEHa, a orb ce6H npH6aBJUierb toxbro to BjieHHO, 

HTO r. AETOIOBH^'B npeA^EBXHOTB RaRl 6£I Wb HHRy BXOfldUqHHlTB 

6iarpa(j^aMi>: OFb oqeHb xopomo snaeTB, qro <BCfl HaTypa jS^pBHHa 
HacRB03b 5ujia nponHTana npaBAEB0CTBi», h emohho bto canoe h xo- 
noTb cRaaaTB cBOHifb c^RTflqecRHifb onpoBepseHieirb> noroBopRE c 
-^-^CejibKli H MornxR*. CRaacyrb, MoaROTB 6HTb, qro He aaqiirb 6hxo 



UTEPATyPA H SH3HB. 127 

H TnoHHaTb Taxot iraioqH, npHTOirB ctojib eo xapaKiepHofi ji,m 
^ejroBifia. E^a ih bto oj^HaKO cnpaseAiBBO. Bi oahoitb hsi cbohx'b 
nnceM'L hbi RpyrooBi^THaro niaBaHifl JlapBHsi BHpasaen coxHi&ie, — 
na Tfc jni ovb |»aKTU o6paii^a6rb BHEManie? Roropue ero a^Actbh- 
TBJiBHO BacjrjrxHBaD'Tb. 3to onaceHie o^ohb xapaRrepHO ji^sia MoiOAoro, 
Hajio no^roTOBJieHHaro ^apBHHa, ho ^noojiiACTBiH, noToiiy m, ^o 
caHoe 8T0 onaceHie ffl^ftcTBOBaio Ha Hero BocnHTaTejiBHuiTB o6pa30M'B, 
HJH noToiiy, ^0 TasoBu yarB 6wlii npnpoAHiu cBoftcrsa ero yxa, — 

JljapBHH'B OTIH^ajIGH OCo6eHHOK) CnOC06HOCTbI) SailiqaTB H CRIOHHOCTbl) 

oTHiqaTb ^asTEi, noBH/^HMOMy, ^pesBu^aftHO MejiRie, ho npe^ci^B- 
juron^e vh HSBicTHOiTB oosinieHiH orpOMHHft HHTepec^. B'b bhjqt oioro 
MOSHO CI 6ouniOK) yBipeHHOCTBD a priori cRaaaTB, hto ooih owh 
c^ei^ HysHinrb BHecTH b'b cbod aBTo6iorpa$iia Ty hie APyryi) ncE- 
xoiorH^ecRyi) ^epTy^ to OHa sacjiysEBaeTB BEHMaHifl. Hj^ficTBaTejiBHO, 
AiTCRaa JIXHBOCTB — ABJieEie o^esB o6uRHOBeHHoe, ho o^ohb Maio 
HayqeHHoe. Mothbk ea, no Bceft BipoflTEocTH, hmIdtb xajio oCn^aro 
n HOTHBauE JiaKfl y BBpocjmxii xiOAett h xpeGynrB oco6aro BEEEaHk 
CO CTopoHu noHxoAorovB H noAaroroB^. IIodTOuy 3a6cb Aoporo Ras^oe 
nafiiDAenle, a npHanaEie ^apBHEa B'B qacTEocTH Aoporo HiieHHO no- 
Touy, ^To RJiaAOTB plBRyn rpaHHi^ nesAy A:bTGRon josbk) h jiosbi) 
BBpocjnix'B JiioAeft. H ho cjrbaRy sa neAarornqecRoft jmrepaTypoft, ho, 
ciyqattHO pasBepnyBi tojibro vio BumeAmyi) RHHry KoMnepe tYu- 
CTBeHHoe E EpaBCTBOEEoe pasBETie pe6eERa», yBEAarB, ^ro pascRasii 
AapBHEa 6yATo 6ii EaftAeHEiix'B mojsf^'h vb seft, xyAO jie, xopo- 
mo JIE, yrniHSHpyeTCfl. H bto cosepmeEHO noHETEO. IIoqeMx ssaxB, 

MOSBT'B 6iITB OTEt^OEEaa fiiOfpa^OlTB Ji,apBHEa cEaRJOESOCTB BUAy- 

MfiiBaTB ceEcaQioBHiifl flCTopiE> '6iua sa^aTonoft $opMOft pa6oTEi TOfo 
Moryqaro BOo6pa8eEiE, Roropoe Bnocjr&ACTBiE, ofiysAaHEoe evb pEAa 
BOHi BHXOAEn^ei) EafiiDAareJiBEOCTBD, noasojiHiD J(apBHHy oGeetb 
xoAii pasBETia Bcero oprafisqecRaro Hipa; hosotb 6£Itb, to, qxo bx 
A^brcTBi, sa EeHirbHieH'B Mtfrepiaia, paapimaiacB jroacBD, CTaxo bho- 
cjrl^A<'TBiH opyA^eiTB HsucRaaia ectheh. . Bo BcaROirB erpia/b $aRTB 
ocraeTca ^aRxoicB, e 6iorpa$'B, ynoHEEannuft o&b eoitb cotfcTBOE- 
EBiMH cxoBaHH A&pBEEa E coapoBoaBAaion^ift exi BumeopEBeAesEBucs 
oroBopRaME, ysi, ROHe<iEO, eo saHocETB EERaRoro 0CR0p6jieEla na- 
HHTH BOJCHRaro EaTypaiECTa. 

noftAOiTB AsuiBme. B'B Tom se'6iorpa$EqecR0irB o^epRi r. dsreiB- 
rapATa qaTaeiix: cB'b 1825 r.^ ydlABBmscB, qTO es'b herojebeux'b sa- 
HaTiS ^ajipBsa ho BulkfifiTb oGo6eHEaro npoRa, orei]^ BaaJTB ero ssi* 

THMEasiE E OTOpaBEJL'B Wb 3AHs6yprCRitt ySEBepCETeTB nOArOTOBdUTBCfl 
R^ MOAEI^EECROft RapBOpfc. «B0ROp!b OAEaRO — ^TOBOpETB ^apBEEB — S 

yfiiAuca, qro oxei^'B ocraBETB Mat AociaTOHEoe ffui se3ee cocToaaie; 
8T0F0 y6isA6Eia 6£U0 aobojibso, qTo6Bi yEETTOXHTB BCERoe cepBesEoe 
cxpeiueEie EsyqaTB MeAEiptEy*. — Oeetb, RaR^B BEAflre, noAiEEEBia 
cioBa oaMoro ^apsEEa, a otb ce6a 6iorpa^ ROKHeETEpyerB ex'b 
xaxB: «OqeBEAEO, asTepecB, npoAcraBjiaeMiift MOAEi^EEoft, 6vun> ciEm- 



128 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

KoiTB yaOKX H orpaHHiesx ji^sl JI^apBHHa, HnrepecoBaBinarocfl Bceft 
Boo6n{e ]ipHpo;^o£>. KaseTCfl. lyrL h^tb yMaiBHut aoctohhctb'b ^ap- 

BHHa... ^ 

BpeMflnpoBoa^eHiB b^ K6H6pEAaci Hamx 6iorpa^ pascEasH- 
BaeTB, Mea^Aj npo'iHHX, ta/k^vmidQ: cIIo Be^epaHi ^apBHH'b n ero 
TOBapHn^H pepijiKO co6Hpajifl«b h npoB<WJiH Bpeira aoboibho Bocexo: 
ntJiH nicHH, HrpajiH b'b KapiH h npn cjiy^a'^ BHnHBajiH ho Bnoifli 
jMipeHHO. 061 BTBXi Be^epaxi y Hero coxpaEHjiocb HiosoJibKO soe- 
^ysjiHBoe BOcnoMHHaHie. Maoro lArh cnycra, ero ceih% — eme pe6e- 
HOR% — cnpocHJTb ero OAHasAU, 6Hjn»-j[n oh^ sorAa-Hsfiy^b iiBiiHiotb? 
^apBHH'B coBepjneaHo oepBesHo OTBi^axB, qxo b% orm^j oBoeHy A02- 
8eHi» cosHaTBCfl, ^0 OAHasAu Bi KendpawKi oHy ciy^HiocB bk- 
QHTB j[HiiiHee». BoTB H Bco. HenocpeACTBeHHO 3a vtexb cii^jiiyerB: 

<Ao6pOAyBIHUi, HaHBHUfi, npaSAHBHS — HaiUOHHOCTB BH^yHUBaTB oeH- 

caifiOHHBiH HCTopiH HC?e8JKa 6e3CJ[iAH0 Birbcii orh ^^TCTBOirb-— ohi 
npBBJKeHaiii Ki ce6i C6p;na bcIxi SHaBinHX'B ero h HMin HHoro 
;(py3eft cpe^H ciyAeHTOBi h npo$ecoopOBi». 

r. Ahtohobhvb ho HasiiBaeTB r. dHroABrapATa, RaR'B h Boo6me 
HHKoro H3i> cfiiorpa^Biy. Ho a He snas) hh oAHoro es'b hhxb, — ^h 
6epy Ha ce6a CMiiocxB yiBepasAATBi ^0 h h^ti TaKoro,— ROTopiol 
3acJiysHBa£'B 6u ynpesoBi r. Ahtoeobhto b:b CojcBmeA Mipfi, nivB 
r. BHreJiBrapArB, a noagAAHitt hx'b, o^bh^ho, coBd^irb ne saojiysHBaerB. 

CaMa no ce6i aia cTpaHnaa HeyMicTHOcTB HeroAOBania He iipeA- 
craBJifleTL ?ero-HH6yAB BasHaro,~xoTfl Bce^TaBH, 3a'9iMi» se 6pooaTB 
liEb Ha jcD^eft HeiioBHfiKuxx, — HO ]s^o vh ToiTb, ^To DTO xapaK- 
xepHo BOo6me au no^ireHHaro vh Apyrnx'B oTHomeniflX'B ipyxa r Ah- 
TOHOBHW. EojKfi pa3o6paHHu& cjiy^ai Mosen 621TB o6%aGHeH:b rtarB 
QTpacTHHH'B seiaHioMx sacBH^'^TeJiBCTBOBaTb CBOH qyBOTBa yBaaBeniflH 
npeAaHHOOTH, soropHa pyKOBOj^HiH h pui^apflicH vh hxi noABHraxi 

Wh ^eCTB CBOHXX AftlTB, TO J^ JlipjTILTb nOieHH^OOKHX'B HByvbCTHO- 

cTOft vb BHHri r. AnTOHOBH^a HirB h eroro ofiiacHeHifl. KasaiocB^ 
6Uy ^TO Texa c^apJiBBi* ^apBHEi h ero TeopiH» EacTOJOKo odmnpnai 
'XTo vb KHHTi, efi nocBfln^oHHOH, lioasHo 6HJI0 6h HQKflDmreJD&Ho Ha 
Heft oodpeAOTouTBCfl. A Moasxy Tim r. Ahtohobhtb, nanpHicbpi, 
<He Mosen yAepsaTBGfl>, ^to6u ho cpaBHHTB cb ^pbheoitb r-anb 
CMHpnoBy, TojioBa'^eBy-IIaHaeBy h BHHHi^syi) (cTp. 10 — 11). Paay- 
MtoTGH, cpaBHeHie OKasuBaerca ne b'b ooJCBsy bthxi* jsfiorb^ ho coraa- 
cHTecB, ^0 OTTiHHTB Ha HX'B c^BTB BOJurao ^apBHHa, nosaijt, H 
He 6ujio OGo6eHHOft HaAoCnooTH. Biorpa$H— xi xotB saKoe HB5y?(B 
oTHomenie £*& ^apBHHy HMtoTi, a xyTB ysi. noABepayjiHOB, bek'b 
KannraHy KoniflEHHy, jro^pi A&se bobco nocTopoHHaro biMom-* 
cTsa: HE ^pBHE-B Eo SEaii cyn^ecTBOBaEiH ynouaHyTsx'B pyccsHX'B 
nHcaTejubHfl]^, eh bth ^HcaTeJU>HHI^I He cBasaia Hz^ero ^apBHHi. 
A ecjEH ysi hohueo na iiepeHHeHOBaHie JOondAj CToan^Hxx vb KaEOKB 
HH6y;(B oTEomeElH ehso Jl^apBHsa, to ne bhaho, no^oMy ototb oeh*- 
coEx orpaHHqflBaeTca Bcero xpeifa HMeHaMH... 



AHTEPAiyPA H 2BH3HB. 129 

9th cTpaHHHe n coBopmeHHO HOHyxsue npnacKH b'b CTopoHjr npo- 
nszBOflfiVb oco6eHHO HenpiflTHoe Bae^aTJiiHie vb TpexBeft rjiaBt xpy^a 
r. AHTOHOBBqa, KOTopaa no csoefi sa^a^ upeAcraBJuieTL ocodoHHuft 
HHTopecB j[^ 6oj[BinHHCTBa qzTton^efi nyCiHRH. Pi?b 8;^cb H^erB o 
BpaBCTBeHHO-noiHTHHecKOM'B SHaqeHlH TeopiH ^apBHsa. HsBtcTHO, qro 
Bi dTowb OTHomeHiH Teopk ^apBHHa crb caiiaro cfioero •o6Hapo;i;oBa* 
Hifl H Ao HacTOfln^aro BpeMOHH BHauBaxa b BusuBaerb qpesBuqafifio 
Topflqie cnopu h pa3Hoo6pa3HHfl TOiKOBaHifl^ Tn^axejiBHoe pa3CM0Tpii- 
Bie KOTopHX'B Mono 6u cocraBHTB HHTepecH'Ifiinifl CTpasHi^ EHHrn 
«?apj[B3x ^apBHVB H ero Teopifl». Ki cosaji'i^HiD, 8Ta rjaBa OAsa 

Z3^ fiaHHX'L CJia6lIX'B, ^TO 06l>flCHfl6TCII OT^aCTH He6peSHOCTBI0, (VL 

EOTopoK) oTHeccfl E'b opeACTOflBmeft sa^aqib aBTopi*, o^bbhaho, cqEraa 
«e ropasAO 6ojrbe npocios) h JterKon, v^hi KaKOBa ona bi a^Sctbh- 
Tej[BHOCTH, a oT^acTH Bce TiHH ace HeHysauMH npusKaMH bi cto- 

pOHJ. 

najOHHBi H%KOTop£U[ HanaAKE Ha leopiD ^apBBHa ci npaBCTBOH- 
fio-nojiHTHqecsoft to^kh spiHia, r. AHTOHOBaqi npoAOJisaoTB: cIIpeacAe 
Bcero HysHO saiiiTHTb, ^to yan ecj[H6ii Teopifl ^apBHHa, saoduo ch 
meopieU Mapnea, Ao Tasoft cieneHH 6xaix)npiaTCTB0Bajia 6ypsya3Hoft 
EOHKyppeHi^iH H 8Kcnj[yaTai;in n CBoeRopHCTHOfl njyTOKpaTiH, to ofin^e- 

<^TB6HHHe npOAGTaBHTeJIH dTHX'b dJreMOHTOB'B H HXl ecTecTBeHHse 3a- 
O^HTHHKH H nOBpOBHTOJIH BCTpiTHAH 6u 0(^ TeopiH CI pacnpOCTOp- 
THHH 06lflTiAHH H CI myMHHMH BpHSaMH 0A06p6Hifl, qOrO, KUKh 

t^mcmnOy ua dftjm ne CtAAo, a fiiarjo coBciui npoTHBonoxosHoe. H 
Bi» HacTOflntee Bpena cauuMH osecroqeHEBiMH npoTHBHHKaMH Jl^ap- 
BHHa, Kas'L H MapKca, OKaauBaiyrcfl rb c^epu, ROTopuA cjiyacaTB 
onopaHH E CTOJifiaicH CypsyasHofl ascnjiyaTai^iH h BCflKot aEOHOEHqe- 
'€R0& E noiHTsqecEoft senpaBAHs. 

JI noA^epsHj'ji'B ABa Mtcxa bi arot i^eraii, ]i,96u o6paTHTb Ea 
'EflX'B oco6eHHoe BSHHaHie qETaxexeft. 

cSa OAHO ci» Teopifi MapEca». IIpEqeH'B TyrB MapEci? TpeTi»a 
rjiaBa rhhte r. AsTOHOBEqa, nocBfln^eHEafl EpaBCTBeEEo-noJiHTflqecEOMy 
^saqeHiH) xeopiE ^apBHiia, BaHEMaerB Bcero 7 — 8 cTpasHi^'B. 9to e 
663X Toro He oco6eHEO iiEoro ji^lsl TeEu, ctoib aHaqHTOiBEofi no cbo- 
eiiy cHucj[y e ctoxb ofiniEpHofi no npHsocHOBeEEOHy si Eofi ^aEXE- 
^ecKOMy MaTepiajiy. A sami aBTopi EaxoAHTB boshoseuh'b h flys- 
HUE'B «3aoAHo» npEXBaTHTB E «TeopiK) MapEca>, EOTOpafl b^ab e 
taica no ce&b npeACTaBjraerB cs)seTi AocraToqEo oSmflpHufl e cjiosk- 
HH&. Bfiuo 6£i, pasyHioTCfl, oqesB EHTopecHO BucxymaTB Ms^Eie r. 

AHTOHOBE^a 001b BTOlfB CBSOTI, BUdUBann^eMl EBIHi laRi MHoro 

npepoEaflifl, — bto cnocoficTBOBaio 611, eosotb dartb^ «npociaEJB) sa- 
niEXii yMOBi». Ho npn taEEX'B ycxoBiaxi, RorAa MapEci EBxaeTCfl 
npocTO npEXBaqeHEUtfi» <3aoAEo», a 6ok)cb, qro mucie r. Ahtoho- 
BHqa voryTB cnocoCcTBOBaTB toxbeo Banqneft cuyri. Owh coqyB- 
K^TBOEHo ;^aerB 6ojiBinyD BnnECRy wm> rhescre r. BexBTOBa, e3'b 
jcoiopofi OAHaRO ToxBRo E BEAHO, HTO T. AETOHOBEqi pasA'i^xacTB Msi- 

>*4. OminE. 9 



130 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Hifl r. BejEbTOBa, a BUHyraa h31 Bcefi i^hh apryHBHTaipH noairfi;^- 
Hflro, caMa no ee&b axa BHnHCKa hh ajia KOro ho laxberb AOKasaieiB- 
Hoft cHjru. CoficTBeHHUM'B se HHCJTflM'b P. AHTOHOBH^a cxeoplE 
MapRca» ocTaeTC2 laKi Majo uicra^ ^ro osi noHOBOJii flBJiflsrcA b^ 
KpaSHo noBepxHocTHOirB h ABycmioieHHOirB bha'&. HaapHutpi: ccTi 
»e, 6yKBajiBHo rb se (^to h leopiH J][apBHHa) ynpeRH A^aDTCH s 
A'i^jrajrHCb 8KOHOMH?ecRoft TeopiH MapKca». H t. js,. T. AHTOHOBHqy, 
noBH;^ifO]fy, HeKorAa En nQTjs/b 6u3lo Ha 0TB6AeHH0irB mrb C661 
HajieHBKOifB npocTpaHCTBt paan^HTB casoHOMH^ecKyiD Teopii)» MapKca 
OTB ero ^Hioco^cKO-HCTopEqecKErL B8riflA0Bi». A 8T0 6hjo 6u O^eHK 
H oiOHB He JiHiuHee xenepB y HacB, sorAa ciulohhu coBciirB «a6u- 

BaTB MapKCa-BEOHOMHCTa H BHA^TB Vb HOITB HO npeHMyn^eOTBy HCTO- 
pEBa. npH OTOITB BBUCHBJOCB 6u, ^TO XOTH OAHVB E TOTB SO ^eJEOB^BIB. 

MoseTB fl EsyqaiB ^acTHyD ofiacTB xosflficxBeHHiix'B EBJieHifi^ h 
cTpoETB Ty Era ApyryD ^Eioco^cKo-ECTopE^eoKys) cxeHy, ho ero aa- 
cjiyrE vh Tofi E jiT^jToH o^epi MoryrB 6iitb o^ohb padJoi^HB. E bo^ 
BCEKOHi cjiy^ai He roAETca bhjietb to e ;ipyroe vb o^ny Ky^y noffk 

HMeHeiTB «8K0H0l[E^e0K0ft TOOpiEi. 

nocTapaeMOfl 6BrrB ocroposHie r. AHTOHOBE^a e ocTaBEirB noKa 
B'B CTopoHi MapRca. F. Ahtohobetb noJiaraerB, tto «ys% ecxEfiu 
Teopifl Jl^apBEHa js,o xaKofi creneHE tiiaronpiaTCTBOBaja tiypasyaBHoft 
KOHByppeHiiiE E 8KC^J[yaTa^iE h cBoeEopucTHoft njiyTOHpaiiE, to o<Sn;e-* 
oTBeHHue npeAcraBExen sthxi ajEeMeExoBi n exi ecxecxBeHHiie aa- 
n^EXHEKE E noKpoBflxejiE BcxpixEjQi 6u xeopin cb pacnpooxepTUMn 
o6%flxiflHE E CB myHHUMH KpERaME o;^o6peEiE, ^ero, kc^ mefbcmnoy 
Ha jxjkiA He 61110, a 6iuo cobc^mi npoxEBonoiosHoe». 

KoMy E oxRyAa axo «EaBicxHO>? 

n BOOxoprE, E EpoxecTu, BuaBaHHue e BiiauBaemie xeopiei ^apBE^ 
Ha, o^eHB pa3HOo6pa8HU. Ti BipHUfl ejie HOBipHiui aaifi^HiE, onpoBep- 
aceHifl, AonojraeHifl, orpaHEqenifl, oioboitb, bch xa EOiosHTeiBHafl ejdl 
oxpEi^aTejcbHafl KpETBRa, Boxopaa EniexB B'B bejsj ecxecxBeHEO-Hayq« 
Hyn Gxopony xeopiE, nacB aA^B noRa ne EHxepeoyexB. Ho naa bs« 
"^exoiTB axofi o6mEpHittmeft cxopoHu A^a, wb npoAiiaxiBonpoooBi^ 
aaxparEBaemixi xpexBon rjiaBOi) RHEni r. AEXOHOBEHa, mu Bcxpi- 
qaeiTB BcexaRE qpeaBH^afisoe paaEooGpaaie HH'&Hift xeopin JI^apaEHa 

E BUBOAOFb E3% HOfl. OcxaBElTB E dA^CB Fb CXOpOHt Xi HHiHifl E BU- 

BOAU, Roxopiie npeABflBJuiK)xoH npoxEBHHRaME xeopiE, E ocxaHOBHifca 
lEHiB Ha «BCxpbxEBinEX'B xeopiv) CB pacnpocxepxBDCE 06'BflxiHME k 
myMESME OAo6peHiEME>. ?ExaxeiB, HaA^DCB, oi^iHEXB xaRyD nocxa* 
cxaHOBRy Bonpoca. F. Ahxohobetb ynoAo6juiexca Bin^eny Baany, ro- 
xopufi, (ceciE ROMy xoxiiB nicHB xBopEXB, xo paoxeRaicfl ioicibix 
no ApoBy, ciptiiTB BOJiROH'B HO aoiui, cEauiTB opjioHB noAB o6ia-^ 
RaME». B'B noaaiE axo bhxoaexb xopomo, RpacEBo. Ho RorAa A^a 

EAOTl CXOSHOITB HBJieHiE B'B 0X0 ^aRXE^eCREX'B HOApofiHOCXflX'B, 

jiyHme ho €pacx6RaxBoa» e ne npHXBaxuBa'TB «aaoAHo» Bcero, ^ra 
nofl> pyRy nonaAOXOE. 



nTBPATypA n shshb. 131 

?To6u He noBTopflTb oKasasHaro yse o^ohb a^bho, sl nonpomy 
^HTaTexa sarjiflHyrB vh uarai toitb hohx'b cCo^HHeHifi», b'b craxLH 
cTeopifl ^apBHHa h ooBjioionraecsie buboji^ mrb nea. rycraaa Ierepa> 
H cTeopifl JJ^apBHHa h .j[H6epaiH3]rb>. Ho nanoMEH) BceraKH HiqTo 
H8i nocAl^Heft, HaiiHcaHHofi no noBO^y SHHra r-acH Pote cOrigine de 
rhomme et des 80ci6t^> (1870). F^sa KjieMaHffB Pofte— xaHa oqesB 
jqeHaa e AHfiepanHas, nepesoAWi^i «npoHOX03RAeHifl bhaob%» na 

$paHI^8CKift flSHRli 'h flpafl AapBHHHCTRa. Osa to JSTB HeOOMH^HHO 

BGTpiTSia Teopii) JJ^apBEBa tcB pacEpocrepTtiHE oOxETiflHE s myM- 
suME o;^o6peHia]iE>. A boti saKOBH ea EpaBOTBeHHO-nojraTHqecKie 
BHBOAH E8% TeopiE. En^o ]if> noflBJieHifl ynoMflHyrofi rhete o npoEC- 
xosaohIe qeiOBiRa h otin^eoTB'B, ecra se omflCaDOB, B'b npeAECxoBiE 
K'b OBoevy nepoBo^y khefe ^apBEHa, osa rops^o nporecroBaia, so 
HHE TOopiH, npoTEBi ^^eifOKpaTflqeoKEX'B npEHi(EnoBi>, npaKTfiqecsoe 
npEMiEesie Roropiixiy A^oKaTB, sefl36iacH0 noHEsaeTBypoBOEBpacH. 
B'B RBflri apoEcxoacAesifl qeioB^Ea e o6mfiiyrwb Pofie pasBEBaerB 
8Ty MuciB BB noApo6HOGTEX'B. HaEousx) oiiApon^ xapaETepHiifl en 
onacefliE: «Bi HaropHOi nponoB^AH octb AocraTo^so aieHesroB'B ajui 
EflcnpoBepacesiE Bcero coipaiBsaro crpoa, e vb ^^ornaTi ecrecTBes- 
Haro paBesoTBa Bcixi ueHOBi qejioB^'^eoRaro po;ia, A^xeft oAHora 
On^a, saKJoo^aeTGE orpEi^aHie Bcix% sESHesEUX'B ycjoBift i^ebejceso- 
BasEuxi 06^60X81 >. Hto jsjkxo EjsfiTh EHesEO ooqeTasiE aapbe- 
HHSMa CI npHHiptnoirB «6ypsya8soS KOHsyppeEi^^, oto be^eo esi 
cjii^yDE^EXB, EanpEMipB, ojiobi Pofie: «H3yqeEie sasoEOBB, ynpaB- 

JlflDn^EX'B qeXOB^^eOBEME A^fiCTBiEME, EOKaSIiIBaiOTB, ^TO... E^TB TaROft 

Hejrfcaot cTpacTE, tbrofo CTpaHEaro RanpEsa^ ROTopiifi se OTRpHBais 
6u qeioBiqecRoft A'i^TeAHocTfl Hosaro eojee e Roroputt He Aasan 6h 
npoHETaEiH ESBicTSOMy wcjT^ JDOAeft, ROEiTB 6en BTOft noMon^E npEm- 

JIOOB 6£I nOFEtisyTB... YEE^TOaSBTe npaSAHOCTB, E BU yEE^TOSETe BMicrl 

CB TknTb E RanpE8B, a GjrfcAOBaTeABHo j[K)Afl, yAOBjeTBopflBmie ero, 
ocrasyTGE 6e3i pa6oTH». Hjie en^e: <nopa, eciE yse se eosaeo 
AORasaxB iiaccaifB, hto cnpaBeAiHBOCTB e o6niee c^acTBO coctoetb Vb 
paBencTBi cbo6oah h Vb nporpeooi nyxeHB HepaBeECTBa, ROTopoe, 
npeBpaTEBii SEBOTEoe B'B qejiOBtRa, bb tfyAymeifB MOasexB npoESBe- 
CTE E3i» jinAefi fiosecTBesHyx) pacy, ROTopaa 6yAeTB ynpaBJCETB som* 
jex) cnpaBOAJiEBO, vb paAOCiE e MBpi». 

06b laROfi se 4(60SeCTBeEH0dpaci> («TEpaEOBl — ^n03ETEBECT0B'B»), 

E Ea TOft se no^Bi oCh^exb npEEDtEnoBx A&psEEESMa neTrajiB Pe- 
saE'B (€ Dialogues et fragments philosoplilques>). 

^, $. nXxpayCB, BRJID^EBmifl AapBEEESMX B'B GOCTaBB CBOefi «fl0- 

B0& BipuD («Der alte und der neue 01aube>, 1873), nflcajTB: «3Ea- 
HOEaTeJEBEO, TA'b samejiB CBoft npEEi^Eni aEriEqaEEH'B (Jl^apBEE'B) : 
eny e se npExoAuocB ero ECRaxB, h6o ovb BORpyrb ce6E, Ea cbooe 
poAEE'b, BEAtji'B A^^ejiBHocTB E HopasExeJiBEue pesyjiBTaxii 8Toro 
npEBipiaa: R0ERyppeEI^E. ^apBESOBa <6opB6a8a oyn^eoxBOBaaiet ecxB 

HETTO EflOe, RaR'B A^tBHO EaiTB E3BicXE£lfi o6ntecTBeHH£[ft, npOMUEI- 

9* 



132 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO, 

jieHHHft (industrielles) npHHi^HO'B, pacniHpeHfiuft ;^o creneHH tipzH- 
nana npHpo;^H» (130) A ofit ce64 DlTpayirb roBopHrB: cjl— 6ypxya 
(ein Burgerlicher) h ropsyob hmi> 6htb. ^to 6u hh roBopELiH o 6yp' 
syasiH h EaKi 6u hh ociri^HBajiH ee o'b AByxB CTopovB, OHa ocraeroa 
flKpoifL HapOAa, o^aroM'B ero HpaBOB'b, yMHoacaton^HirB ero Ciarooo- 
cTOflHie H cjiysHTejieirb nayra h HCKyccTBa» (274). CooTBiTCTBeHio 
8T0Hy oTHocHTCfl IIlTpayci> H Kb pa6o^eMy Bonpocy (279 h ciixO* 

Bii BUHxeAmeft ne^^aBHO bi* pyccROMi nepeBO^t khexbA ryMUO- 
BE^a «Coi^ojioriH h noiHTnKa» *) o6iflCHaeTca, ^o «TeopiH ^psHHa 
ofiasana cbohitb cymieoTBOBaHieirB coi^ioiorH^ecKHu^ HSCiiAOBaHiHirB 
Maj[BTyca» h tto najpiesHTB «8Ty TeopiD 6opB6u sa oyn^ecTBOBame 
npHHiHHTb Kb npoiieccy coi^iaJiBHaro pa8BHTui» (89). H HMdHHO vb 
Towb cuucjE^, ^0 «rJiaBHaa npysHna Bceft BH'bmHefi h BHyrpeHHeft 
no2HTHKH ecTB 6opB6a co^iaIBHUx'b rpynni sa cyn^ecTBOBanie h pas- 
BHTie fiiaroeocTOflHJUi nyieirB 8KCHJi[oaTai^H, ocyn^eoTBiaeHot Jier^e 
Bcero nocpe^CTBOMii BiacTH> (78). 

r. Ahtohobhtb ^^onycKaeTB cyniceoTBOBaHie cKHornx'B $HrypHpyi>* 
inHxi Vb jrarepaTyp*]^ nojiyo6pa80BaHHHXx jij»Aoft» xoTopue, naciH- 

maBHIHCB ^apBHEOBCKHXl $pa3% H HMla CaHBUL HH3M6HHUH HOHflm 

^ejoBi^ecKoiTB cyn^ecTBOBaHiH, crpamno dJioynoxpetSjuiDTB ^pasoD 
6opB(% sa cyH^ecTBOBame; Tasi Rasi no npeAcraBJeHis TaKixii ik>- 
A6ft cyn^ecTBOBanie octb eAHHciBOHHO h HCKJiD^HrejiBHO tojibko «mKypa», 
TO, no HX^b TepuHHOAOilH, 6opb6oB} sa cyn^ecTBOBaHie HasBiBaercH tojebxo 
Ta A't^srejiBHOCTB, Eoxopaa cTHMyupyeTOH hh3H6hhumh, nonuumx h 
aiqHciMH i^'&ifliiH, H noTOHy BCflsift neroAflft h npecTyHHHKi» ecTB 6o- 
pei^-B sa oyn^ecTBOBame, A'^ficTBynnUt no pei^eniy leopiH AapBHHa». 
Bee STO coBopmeHHO BipHo: cyn^ecTByUTB h Tasie nojiyotipasoBaa- 
HHO J[K)AH, H TaKie HoroAHH. Ho He wb Bsxb jsjbio. Hh FycraB^ 
lerepi, hh Pofie, hh PeHani, hh IHTpayo'B^ hh FyiaiioBH^rB He ho- 
ryn 6utb HasBanu noiyo6pa30BaHHBiMH jnoABHH. PaBHHMi oGpasovi 
He sanptn^aDTB ohh saB^AoiiHX'B cHero;^eB'B»9 a Kb cnpecTynHHKaarB» 
Aase o^eHB crporn (cm., nanpnirbpi, pascya^eHia niTpayca o CMepiy 
Hofi sasHH, CTp; 293 h cAjs,.). H Tin He Menie hoho, tto ohh 
BCTpixHjra TeopiiD ^apanna «(rB pacnpocrepTmiH oGihtudch h cb 
myuHUMH RpHKaHH OAo6peHifl>, bhah b% neft h^tto, <6jiaronpui'r- 



*) M. 1895, nepeBOA!B G. H. IIposonoBinia) HBXviie BiaAudpa BoHVb- 
EpyeBHqa. EcxaTH: HBAame 8T0 npoHSBOAHTi bo BcAvh OTHomeHUrb BpaftHO 
HenpiATHoe BnevaTxiHie. H noiancaio seaanle ns^aTeJifl nosHasoMHTb pjccxfjo 
nytoiRy go Bdvua^axa FyinniCBOTa. Ho j^fla aroro cji^OBaio BH6paT& oxho m% 
6osbmKTb ero co^niHeHit) a ho nyGjoraHyH) lesitiH), zota n xonosneHHyx) fflu 
nevaTH. Ho h bi 8T0ft Cpomiop^ HQA&TeoB kih nepeB0A«KS% cnwb ce6ii Bnpafiib 
GKboBTb . BHauiTejiBHfiia coKpan^esifl. H so Bceiiy btomy saAO en^e npatfaBim 
nji6zoft nepoBOAi h MHOsecTBO onevaroBi. Ha cTp. 88 cnpoi^ecci pas/^eHlfl h 
XH4»$6peHi^HpoBaHiji eoeepmujn Tep6eprb GnoHcepii*. Ha CTp. 42 h 43 EacTiaH^ 
naTb paiTb npoBpan^eHB Bi sasoro to BaoTiOHa. Ha crp. 10 h 11 Macca^HK'b 
naxb paaik HasBaai Moccapmioirb. Ha cTp. 100 npHBepseRi^ Boxannsa Hasu* 
BaK>Tca €B0i0M0H2CTa]iH». n iipov., H iipov., H npo^ 



JHTEPATypA n SH8HB. 133 

cmjmnfie tfypsyasHofi xoHKyppeHiijiH h 8KCiiioaTaipB». Otkjas^ so 

T. AHTOHOBH^y «H8BiCTH0», ^0 8T0r0 H6 6hJ[0? HtTb, 8T0 6U]10 H 
60TB, H fl nORa TOIBKO 8T0TB ^ERTB H jTBepa^ai), fie KacaflCB BO- 

npoea o towl — upasu hjh HenpaBu jooah, ^^anmie npHBojiieEHiie 

BHBOAK H81i TeopiH ^apBEHa. 

S^O BaxiTIITB, ^TO O&b HiSOTOpiIX'b H81» npHBOAeHHUX'B HHCaTB- 

Jteft H yqeHHX'L r. Ahtohobh^'b ynovHHaeTB Wb OBoeft KHHrb. TaRii 
yooiTHHaeTos PycTaBi^ lerepi b'b ^Hcjrfc ^cojoLjsjnirb n yqeHHXi cne- 
i(iaj[HGTOBi», npHMKHyBiDHX^b ETB TBopiH ^apBEHa (211). r-si Pofie 
npHBOXHTCfl 0T8EIBI caMoro ^apBHHa H81 ero HHCBira jsrb A. rpeio: 
«H nonywrb sioKOJiBKa ;^et Ha8aAi $paH]^8cKift nepeBOAi) Origin, 
c;^aHHHil MaAMyaaeiB Potto, xoj^sho 6Hmb canos) x^bhod h bh aah)- 
meiaca senn^HOtt B7» EBponi: osa ropfl^aa j^oHotsa... h yrBepsAaerB, 
TTO ecTecTBOHHuft noA6op% h 6opB6a 3a oyn^ecTBOBaHie oC^bSLCBorh 
BCD uopaxB, npipoAy ^eioBtRa, noJtnrHKy h npo^. h npo^. Ona cgbr 
jiajia MHoro ji]D6oiniTHiix'B h a^hhxb ysasamfi s ofiin^aen H8j[aTb 
i^iiyi) KHHry 061 othxi iipeweTa3:i» (325). (Sra oGin^aHHaa KHflra 
H ecTb BumeynoMflHyTaa Do Torigme etc.). Hs'b mrpayca npHBOAOHO 

KbCKOJOSO CipOXTB, HB'B XOTOpUXl, MOSAy npOVMl, BHXHO, ^TO 
8T0TB 4$HJI0C0$'B H SpHTH]Bl-TeOJIOrB», KaiTB OHX oaMi ce6fl Hasu- 

Baen, cHEiaen Jl^apBHHa tBemaftmHin* 6jiaro;i:kTeji6irB ^biob^to- 
csaro poAa> (323). IIoioxinrB, Bi noAXHHHHRi cRasaEO hokhoxro 
uRne: <odHUMb H8i» BeiH^aiinHX'b 6xaroAftTejieft» (als einen der gros- 
sten Wohlth&ter). Ho dia MaxeHBRafl a^hb npHcrpaorifl vh crjmfimv) 
RpacoKB He HHioTB, pasyMieTGii, oymiecTBeHHaro BHa^emi. TopasAO 
HHTepecHie to, ^to r. Ahtoeobht^ ho toibro ho o^rerB HysHuirb, vh 
TSBsA HpaBCTBeHHo-naiHTH^ecROM'B SEaqoHiH TeopiH JI^pBHHa, yno- 
ifflHyTB cooTB'fercTBeHHBrx'B BiiBOAaTB Pofie HJ[H niTpayca, ne toibro 
cKparb Hxi, ho fjaoie yrBepsxaerB, ^^to TaROBiiTB, «RaRi H8BicTH0>, 

BOBCe H He 6IUO CO CTOpOHH TiX'B, RTO BCTpiTHJTB TOOplD «C^ pac- 

npoorepTzniH a&MuiaME h myMHUHH RpiRaiiH oAo6peHitf>. A iiesAy 
TiHi wb cyn^ecTBOBaiiH oxpHi^aeMux'b hhi fXMemt r. Ahtohobr^ 
Morb 6n yS^AHTBCiE xasse hs'b npHBOAeHHUxi hhi ciob% r. BeiBTOBa: 
cBypsyaBHiie nncaTejiH, — rjacHTB, Mes^y npo^HH'B, 8Ta iprraxa, — 

CCUJiaflGB Ha ^apBHHa, Bl A^fiCTBHTeiLBOCTH peROMOHAOBaiH CBOHHl 

qHTaTeiflHi He nayuHue npieMU ^apeuHa^ a moAhno aertpcKie uh- 
cmuHKfnu rivb ikhbothhxii, EOTopsxi y ^apBHHa oua piu. 
MapECB cxoAHTCfl ch J^apeuHOMz; 6ypacya8H£ie nHcaTejni cxodnmc^) 
Cb aetbpjiMu u^CKomoMUj KomopfASh aayncuz Jfapeum^^. KypcHBi* vb 
axoft i^axi npHHa^JidsHrB r. BeATOBy, a BonpocHrejEBHHtt anaR'B — 
r. AHTOHOBHHy. He 3Haio, rx ^eHy othochtch supasRaeMoe dtHin bo- 
npocHTOJiBHUM'B SHaROHx HeAoyiitHie r. Ahtohobb^b: ri neyAa'iHO n 
Bu6paHHouy cjiOBy «cxoAHTCfl» hjih r% cavoft micjra tohi, ^0 <go 8Bi- 
pHMH H cROTauHi cxoAHTCfl TaKlo uHcaTeura; RaRi HaiipHMipi» r-sa 
Pofie, ROTopyx) ^apBEHi cTOxajri ccaHOio a'^^jubhoh) h BHAaiomeiocH 
seHnqatHOD bx EBponi». Bh BH^HTe, ^0 ffi^o bhxoahtb HecpaBHeHHO 



134 PyCCKOB BOriTCTBO. 

ciosHie, ^iTB 7 r. AHTOHOBH^a (Tb ero p-bmrreiBEHirL ckbri sa- 

BiCTHO». 

Ho oiosHocTB sapmu oTHomeHit jooxeft pasHiix'B bstueaobx ki 
xeopiH ^apBHHa co cropoflk en HpaBOTBeHHO-nonTHHecsaro dHa^eHUi 
dTHiTB en^e A&^eRo se HcqepniiBaeTcii. T. Beibtovb He nepsHfi ^^ 
2aeTT>BHmeIIpHBeAeHHoe(^lHxeHi6XIH^IKO]l^ABaA^aTbxin loicy na- 
3aA'B (Bi 1874 r.) JleonoibAi flxo6H yxBepsAan b% KHHrb cDie 
Idee derEntiivickelung>, hto cKanHTant ecTb cnpoAOJOieHie h xonoi- 
HeHie» » TpTAOB'b J^apBHHa. Bi caxoe HexaBHee Bpem to se canoe 
AOsasuBaerB Befien vb KiHrb «Die Fraa> etc. TaunrL odpasoirb h 
JODXH BsrjuiAOBi coBepmeflHo npoTHBonojosHuxi BariaxairL Pofie h 
T. n. ycraHaBiHBaDTB cbabb cBoero yqoHui cb Teopieft A&pBHHa. Oa- 
HaKO,^npoTHB'B 8Toro pb3K0 npoTecryDTB MHorie HaTypaiHcni. Hsi 
HEXi ocotieHHO HHiepecHO omiTHTb dpHcra TeRKejifl, Koroparo r. Ah- 
TOHOBHTB cnpaBexiHBo HaaiiBaeTB tcaMsm'b aneprH^Hiui'L h ycnto- 
HHifb, camarB ropnHirb e BOHHCTBeHHHirB nponaraHAKcroirBt xap- 
BHHHSva. Cam ^apBHHi bbtooko qlHEJTB resEaiH. HaiipHMftp'B, okb 
QEcai'B 8T0H7 anocTOJiy AftpBHHESMa no noBoxy oxEoro hsi conEeEift 
nocitxHaro: «?to HeEE 6oiBHie Bcero nopaaKaerb, aio Heo6iiKsoBeE- 

Has flCEOCTB E HeTOXH^EOCTB Wb EMOaBeHlE, XaKB MOSie BaaKHHTb 

npEHi^HnoB'B, Taxi e o6ni6t ^ejioco^Ie npexifeTa. Bama kpeteu 
6opB6u aa cyo^ecTBOBaHie npexcTaBueTB npexpacEufl npflMip'b Toro, 
xo Easoi cienesE Banra khcie flCE^e, ^itb hoe. Bee Bame paa- 
cysxoEie o XHcreieoioiiE npHBeio Mesa vh BOcroprB. Ho 6hjio 6£i 
sanpacHO BcxaTB Eero-HH6yxB oco6eHEO BuxaDntaroca; Bce Kasercs 
HEi npeB0cxoxEH]rB> (Aetoeobetb, 219, 220). E btoti x&pBEEEcrb 
H3i x&PBEEECTOBi camorB pinmreiBEinrB otipaaoirB BHesaaiiBaeTCfl 
npOTEBi BOdMoacEocTE cfiiEXCEifl coipaTB-xoMORpaTEqecKaro yqcEifl Ch 
xeopieft JI,apBEEa (cDer Monismos als Band Zwischen Religion und 
Wis8en8chaft>, 1892). Ctojib se onpexiiesno BUCEaaHBaeTCE fla 
8T0TB oqeTB xpyi^ft BHxannuflcE fiiueipuft xi^pbbsectb, sooiofb 
OcKapi nXEEXTTB (fDarwinismuB und Sociald«mocrtitie» 1878), aa- 
TivB aniponojiorB Otto Ammoei («Der Darwinismus gegen die So- 
cialdemocratie», 1891), aoojiorB Ii;Erjiep!b («Die Naturwissenschaft 
und die socialdemokratische Theorie»» 1894). 

0TO ynopEoe Eexexame x^Pbeeectobi ctoetb «3aoxEO> ei Ttm, 
?T0 OHE curaDTB HenpEMEpEMuirB CB ocEOBSHME npEHi^EnaME x^p- 
BHEEaiia, BuaBaxo y Befiexa ptaidE aairb^aEiE Ea ry reiry, tto npex- 
CTaBETen sayxE (tnpo^. FeRKejiB e ero cTopoEEEiur, xaicB npo^. 
0. mMEXTB^ FeiBBajiBxi E xPFie») coctoatb sa cjnysGi y tiypsyaalE, 
KOTopaa onaa^EBaoTB ezi crapaEiE aan^ETETB en EETepecu asropE- 
TOTOMi HayRE. r. AflTOEOBBTB TaTB ropfl^o FOBopETB GeacTpamlE 
reKseifl BB 6opB6i co BcaKaro poxa npexpaacyxsavE e o6n^enpEEE- 
TmiE BariflxaME, ^to exBa-ra coraacETCE cb Beiieiewb. Ho xonycTEiTB, 
qxo Be6eiB npaBi. Bce se eo npaai r. Aetosobe<iii. 

H Kjusjo, mro nocjA Eamero o^oeb 6irjiaro e, paayMtercfl, jspaeKO 



J[HTBPA.TyPA H JSH8HL. 135 

fie noiHaro oSsopa iHTepaTypii QpeAHeia, saMib iisBicTHo coB&bvb 
fie TO, TTo c^HiaeTB HsstcTHBiMi T. Ahtohobhtb. [TeopiA ^apBHsa, 
noHHMo noATBepsAefiiS, AonoiHenift, orpaHnqenift h onpoBepseniS sa 
^HCTO ecTecTBeHfio-Ha7qHO&, npeHiiyn^ecTBeHHo 6i02orH^ecRoi no^Bt^ 
BiiSBaia caioifl npoxKBopi^nBfiifl cysAOHiji B-b npsir&HeHiH s^b o6n^e- 

t^TBeHHOft SH3HH. He C^HTafl T^XIb, STO J[B6o COB&kWb He npHSHaeiTL 

HCTHHHoeTH Teoplz, ih6o iipHHiiiiaeTB ee o-b orpaHH^eHuiMH h jnfiuon- 
HefiiflMH, jni60y HaKOHei^, fiesx Bcasaro ki Heft oxHoaieHia Hsyqaeiib 
o6H^ecTBeHHyD shshb (g^a^ h aBTopi*- «KanHTaj[a» scero pasa ABa, 
Aa H TO BCR02b3B, HHMOXOAOiix noMHHaeTL ^apBHHa); orpaHHiHBaacb 
JiHmb TtHH, RTO i^HSOfi'b HpHHHMaerb xeopiK) H crapaeTCfl Hpnjio- 
3BHTb ee Kb flBieHiflirb o6n(ecTBeHHOft sh3hh, — vu h SAicb Bcrpiqaeifb 
caMUfl ptsKifl h HenpHHapHiiKUi pasHoriaciH. T. Ahtohobh^'B fobo- 
pHTb TA^-TO ffb cBoeS KHHri^ ^0 Bocb o6pa30BaHH£i8 itip'b pa3At- 
Jiflexcfl HfiHi na AapBHHHcxoB'b h He-AapBHHHcroB-b. 3to sipno hjih 
noTTH BipHo, Kas'b ysaaaHie na ofin^ee SHa^enie h mapoRoe pacnpo- 
cTpaneHie xeopin, cb Roxopoft npHxoAHTCfl xaR'b hxh Hnaqe c^HraTbca 
BGHROMy o6pa30BaHHOMy ^eJioBiRy, a rbwb na^e idahhi nayRn; ho 
dTO A&erb ciHniRoirb yse ynpon^oHHoe npeACTaBieme o coBORynsocTH 

4>aRT0B'B, ROTOpUlTb HOABOAHTCfl HTOrb npHBeAOHHOK) $pa30K). Bl HpH- 

MiHOHiH Ri BonpocaiTb o6ii;ecTBeHHOft sflSHfl rpyniia «ASkpBHHHCTOB'b> 
TaRi se HOOAHOpoAHa, RaRi h q)ynna ^He-AapBHHHCTOB-bt. RaRi 
pascRasiiiBaeTCfl b^ cnasRax'b: na ne&b cojiHi^e h b'b Tepeni ooini^e, 
fia He6t SBisAbi n bi Tepeiii sb^babi. Bnt TeopiH JI^apBana, coBep- 

mOHHO on HOfl HeaaBHCHMO, npOHCXOAHTb HBBi^THafl 6opb6a HH'lHift, 

Ta se, tiyKBauHO Ta se 6opb6a ha^ti h noA% cimo TeopiH. Kto 
Hsi BpasAyDH^HXii npaBi* bi> cbohxi HpHTflsaniHX'b kaftTH OHopy bi 
TeopiH As^pBHHa H AAse npaBi-jH rto 6u to hh 6wlo hsi khxii wb 
GBOHXi TOJiROBaniHxi TeopiH, H Hirb-JH en^e KaRoft-HntfyAb to^rh 
Bpi^HiH, ROTopafl cnocodna a&tb npaBHjEbHOe ocBin^eme Bonpooy, — aro 
Hacb Tenepb ne sanHMaerb; Tiirb 6oAe, ^ro codcTBOHHoe r. Ahtoho- 
Bu?a na 8T0Tb c^erb UHtme, opHSHaDCb, ocTaiocb a^ HeHH neHc- 
HUM'b. OcraHOBHTbCfl se na ipoTbefi riaBt TpyAa r. AnroHOBH^a a. 
a^Qi'b HysHUiTb BOTb HO RaRHU'b coo6paseHiflHi. 

HuHi qaiii,e ^Hwb RorAa-HH6yAb mosho BcrpiTHTb Bi ne^aTH 
jRaaaHifi na neofixoAHMOcrb €0(h>eRTHBHaro» OTHomenifl ri ^aRTairb 
npH^eiTb HOAb o(h>eRTHBHocTbH) pasyMieTCfl to^hoctb socnpoHSBeAeHifl 
^aRTOB^^ RaR'b 6a ohh hh fibua a^ haci npiHTHu nm nenpiHTHH. 
dTO, paayiiteTCfl, npoRpacHoe, ho ButcTi c-b 'shrb h dJieueHTapHoe 
npasHJio, o6fl3aTejn>Hoe ji,jui bc^i e RavAaro- IIpHMteeHie ero ne 
€OCTaBJuieTb A&SB) co6cTBeHHO roBopH, Baciyrn; oho npHBHaoTCH 3a- 
ciyroD TOJibRo npn conocTaBJieHiB crb HapymeHiHim npaBHia. Tiwb 
He MOHie, HanoMHHaHie 061 BTOirb ajeiieHTapHOfii npaBHxb Heo6xo- 
AHHO H nojiOBHO. K% cosajr&Hii), HanoMHHaDn^e ^acxo ne no naffie- 
sao^eicy aApecy HanpaBJuuorb cboh HoyqeniH h ctojeb se ^acTO, HHorAa 
Aase wb canuS HOHeHTb noyqeniH, caHH se h HapymaDTi npenoAa- 



136 P70CB0B BOrXTCTBO^ 

Baeiroe bmh oparajro. Ta&i mieHHO nocrynaen h r. Ahtohobhtb. 
Owh MHoro roBapHTB o Heo6xoAHMoeTH otfxeKTHBHaro OTHomeHui K'h 
^EKTaifB H.ropa^o odnqaeTB- TfcxB, kto exi HSBpamaerb bi jro;^ 
KaKot-H£6jA^ BopaiBHoft TeopiH. Oabo Hsi ero pascysA^Hii sa vtj 
Teny a npHeejiy. 

«B'L HCTopiH BCTpi^auTCfl spafine BenpiaTHUB Benqi, BosMyniaD- 
n^ BpaBCTBOBBoe an acrerHqecKoe ^yBCTBO/BBcropaqecsia cofiuria 
HacTO npflHBMaDTL o6opo'rL Rpaiae aesejiaTejiiBHui b B03uyTBTeju»Euft 
jita caMoro Hctopasa. Ofiflsjao se HCTopasx j^oMxewb 6HBaeTB BBofipasaTb. 
aroTB o6opoTB TaKSMi, KasoBi owb 6iurB, a ebxto bo noAyaaeTK 

OfiBBBBTB Sa 8T0 BCTOpBKa B BCTOpil) Bl 6e3flpaBCTBeBH0CTa BIB 663- 

cepAe^BocTB, bjib ABsaTB npeAno^eaie ;Q)yroMy acropaBy, soropuft 
B8o6pasaeTi btotb o6opOTi» Be TaKX, xairb owb cosepniEJica, a Tasi», 

^T06jEI OWh COOTBiTCTBOBaJTB BafflBM^ J[B?aUMX HOpaiBBlIM'B B 8CTe- 

TBqecRBxi caanaTiaMi... TpesBoe ascrbAOBasie fiesxajiocTBO paspy- 
majio Toopia, bo cooTBiTCTBysn^ia cypoBoi A^ftcTBareJiBBOGTB, a c^a* 
Tajio Bxi BpocTO ^^Tasiava, ro;^aHMB tojiuo au yifOBi, Be airbD- 
n^flX'B aysecTBa npaMo BsrjuiayTb vb rjiasa jsfbtcrBvtejoiRQCfTM, fipu-- 
3Hamh ee, koki oho, ecmt, u nomoMb yoice cooSpaaoeamt Ch neto ceoi^ 
Hyecmea u eKycH>. 

Eojia 6ii Be aiRoropaa ABycMscieaBocTb no^^epRayrEix'B araox) 
crpoRi (o&B aax% CRasy oco6o), to ocraBsiocb Gu toabro cRaaaTB.-^ 
BOTB soJiOTua CAOBal Ki cosajiiaiK), OAaaRo, 8to TonRo cjosa, ors 
ocyi^ecTBJieBia Roropux'B aa xkjA cbm'b r. Abtobobb^'b o^obb ^aieRi. 
cCypoBaa A'&ftoT^HTejn>aocTB>, aeawy npo^BMi, TaRosa, ^to cpe^H 
npeACTaBHTeJieft «6ypsya8Boft BRcniyaiai^B a BcaRoft 8Roaoiia^ecRoft 
a nojiBTB^ecRoA BenpaBAU> aamjiocB ae Majio JtiOAet, BcipiTBBniax'B 
TeopiK) jI^apBaaa «(yB pacnpocrepTKHa odBaTiaaa a crb myBauMB apa- 
RaMB OAo6pea]a>. Ho r. Abtobobbtb cae auierB By»ecTBa npaiio 
BdrjuiByTB wh riada ji^ficTBaTej[BaocTa> a aaofipasaoTB btotb «Rpaia& 
ae seAaTeJiBEuft a BOsayrBTejiBHiift ]Sfia aero o6oporB ae TaRairB, aa^ 
ROB'B owb 6ujch, a Taai, ^irofiti oaB cooTBlTCTBOBarB ero, r. Aaro- 
BOBH^a, JLmMuwb BOpajTBauMX caMnaTiaB'B». Oai npocro orpai^aen^ 
^aRTB, yTBeps^aa, ito ero, «RaR'B asBicTao, ae 6hj[0». 9to bbesoa'^ 
o^eaB xapaRTopauft ajue Jno^eft, Tpedynu^axB ^codieRraBaaro otbo- 
meaia Ri $aRTaB'B». 

Ho nOA'B 06^eRTaBa3B0irB paayM'beTcaEBorAa eme ae tojIbro Toqaoe, a 
a 6e3CTpacTBoe RoacTaTapoBaaie $aRTa. H bi btoitb OTaomeaia o^eaB 
xapaRtepas noA^epRayTua hboio ctporh. H npomy conocraBBTB bx'b 
CO CJiiAyDmaMB cjnoBaaa r. AaxoaoBH^a BiToS-ace TpoTBefi rjiaBi: «Tpe3- 
Bufl ecTecTBoacnHTaTejiB, asyqaromift npapoAy, ciapaeTca nosaaxB a 
noj[K)6aTB ee, rbrx oaa ecTB ^aKxaqecRa, cqaraa oAeajiBayK) npa- 
poAy <j[>aaTaBie&, a MopaiBBue yaopu — no MeaBmeft iripi R3j[HniBBBa» 
(93). «IlAeaj[Baaa> npapoAa oieBHABo aaaqarB ba^cb BSiAyBaaaaa, co- 
qaaeBBafl, a Tanaa npapoAa ecTB, Roaeqao, ^aaraaia, HoaaaBaTB 
npapoAy cjiiAyeT'B, Roae^ao, «RaRT> oaa ecxB $aKTHqecRa», aaaTO 



JlHTEPATyPA H aCHSHB. 137 

8T0 BOBce H He QOBHaHie dyxoTB. Ho no^eiiy mh xoishh «cTaparrBCfl 
noii)6HTb» npHpoxT? OEa vb aroiTB bobcb ho HyacxaeTCJi. dro yse 
HisOTopHft cy&BeKTHBHHi BieuGBTb, H eoiH OffB Aony^eHi B7» $opMi 
€J[I)6bh», to oosepmeHHo HonoHflXHo, no^evy ovb HaroHaerofl wb ^opvt 
He-jnD6BH. «Mopaj[BHue ysopu> no axpeoy npHpo^u, Kone^mo, <h3- 

JIHinHH» Vb yTHUTapHOlTB CMUasi, HO CTOIB Xe HdlEinHH H BOCXBa- 

jieHJH, ecTecTBeHHO conpaaEeHHHfl ci «jii)6ob]>]0». ncTHEHufi, buojih^ 
nocjE&AOBaTejEBHHft oChieKTHBHSirB Bii oMucjii tfederpacTHaro KOHoraTH- 
*poBaHifl ^aKTOBi (eojm 6u laKOBoe 6his.o Bcerxa h bo Bcixi oiy- 
iiaaxB B08M0SH0) oAHHasoBO OTBepraen h nopHi^aHie h xBaiy, h ho- 
HaBHCTB h xntiOBB. Ho Bx CTopoHy ju>6bh e XBaiH, oKasHBaercfl, jki- 
laDTCfl nofiiaxKH. TaKi oTHocHrejuBHO apHpoxU) xaKB h OTHOcsrejDbHo 

HOTOpH^eCKOft X'i^ftOTBHTeflBHOCTH: MU XOJnSHM «npH8HaTB 66, XaKB OHH 

ecTB, H HOTOiTB y3Ke cooCpasoeamh orb nen oboh TfBOTsa h BKyou». 
Ho Bix^ €coo6paaoBaxb> oboe BKycH e CEMnaiiE orb EcropE^ecROft 

XMCTBHTeJOiHOCTU) MOXHO fl Vb nOJIOSETOJUHOIfb E Vb OTpSI^kTeiB- 

HOMi EanpaBJieHiE. PaayiiieTOfl, saxo ysnaTb x^ftoTBErejiBaocTB, sasi 
OHa eoTB, HO sarbirB Bix^ ho otfaaaiejiBHO se HeEpeHftHHO €jnD6ETB» 
ee? EiH ofiflsaTejoHo? 



Bi BaKJtDTOHie — «B6oei6HBKifi netsasEKibi. 
B'B cBoiscBOiTB BicTEES^>, Wb ipoxB MM (56, 57 E 62), Hane- 
^aiaEa craiBH r. PeflHrapxra o Kexjie. PteB exbtb, hosxt npo^EMi, 

EpHIOSeHiE MaieEaTEKS KB ^HRTaEB 06meCTB6EH0ft SE8HE. 

lOSHaHeHEHt npi6H% HOSOTB npHBOCTE KB BOOBlia HHTepeGEBUIB 

pesyxBTaiaM'B, bhechebb, HanpEiiipB, noEBjreEie fla Ecix>pfl^6CKoft 
apeHi TaBHXB ooBjiaiBflinB oi6H6Htobb, soTopHe onpextifljDTB xapaK- 
TepB anoxE BoxixoTBiie cBoeft oejih e BiiflHiE. CHja xe saawaro co- 
ipajEBHaro aieaceEra o6ycj[OBjieHa ho tojibko ero DpHXE^ecREMB noxo- 
seHleMB, HO rxaBEuuB o6pa30MB roxe^octbomb coxex^phuxb oco6eft 

E liaTepBEXBHUHB 6oraTCTBOMB, T. 6. TaREEE ^aKTOpaME, ROTOpSB EOX* 

^EHEDTCfl BH^EGiesix). TaRB KaRB BU^ECxeEie uosexB onpexi&iflTB 
noflBiesie xaRoft rpynou xei^b, naTepBEXBHoe ssa^OEie Roropoit aoxsho 
oxasaTB BecBMa oyn^ecTBeHHoe B^iEHie Ha bod Maccy Hapoxa, BxiaHie, 

npeXB ROTOpiIMB 3HaH6Hi6 XPyTHXB ^aRTOpOBB OBexeTGE RB BBCBHa 
HE^TOaSEHMB HpflqEHaMB, TO 8T0TB npiOMB HOSOTB COBepmeHHO TO^SO 

paBptmHTB BojiHyiDEUft BB HaoTOfln^ee Bpeufl ohohb mso^hxb BonpooB: 

EOSXOTB XE PoCCifl B'B 8R0H0ME^eCR0fi SE8HE TilMB SO EyreMlb, Ra- 

REEB nomxtl 3anaxHafl EBpona, exe xpyi™ii»* ' 

^To Poccifl nofix^TB Wb 8R0E0UHqeGR0ft asESHE HO nyTE Sans^Eolt 

EBpOnU, 8T0, ROEO^SO, BEOXHt B03M0XH0. Ho mio6u T. PoftHrapXTB 
EOFB fCOBOpmeHHO TO?HO» pasptmETB 8T0TB BOnpOCl npE EOMOmH 
EaTeMaTERH, — BB 8T0MX H EOSBOXD CB&k GEXBEO COMHi^BaTbCfl. Bb 

nojiBsy TaRoro coMsiHifl roBopsTB yse to o6cTOETexBCTBO, * tto r. 
PefiHrapxTB TaRB e ho ]Sfi3L% paspimeHifl, a toxbro cRaaaiB: €Hory». 



138 PyCCKOE BOriTCTBO. 

«il Bce Hory, Moryn^ecTBeHHiiS a TO20Bisi», — roBopim bto-to wn Ten- 
Haro i^apcTBa OcrpoBosaro. BipiOi ^to r. PeSHrapxTL Moryn^ecneH- 
Huft qeJiOBisii, HO BceTaKH no;cosAT nosa owb Aacn ofiio^aHHoe pt- 
meflie. A nosa orirb^ arlxyjonide. T. PeftHrap;^^ npHnonHHaerB 
HSBicTHUfl cioBa Or. Koara, ^ro Kb ^asiaMi ofin^ecTBOHHoft sh3hh 

ClijQfeTB OTHOCKTbOfl ($681 BOGXHn^eEia H OCja^eHUI. CxOBa BTH HaCTO 

BiHTHpyDTCfl CL no^TemeiTb, ho BecBMa pi^Ko Bonion^anTcs vbjs^o. 
Emie Hej^aBHo ajniman a hxi otb o;^Horo npiissaro npocBin^enHaro 
npoBHHiqaJia, ROTopufi h Boo^n^e pasoysAan npesBinaftHO oxoahoctb' 
t6mi, hto roBopHTB r. PefiHrap;n!i» bi orarBi o Kerxe: to^ho owl ee 
ToxBKo qro npo<iHTan h i^^nosoirb BoonpHnaxi, fijKBa bi 6yKB7. Ho 
saxtM'B samei'L xaKi-ro pasroBopi o hoboS ^opai hhhobhhieobi 
OAHoro MHHHcrepcTBa, h a ne ysnaii CBoero npocBin^eHHaro SHaRO- 
Maro: ohb BOJEBOBajica ao ^esBU^AttHocTH, oojsxaa pe^paj, h ro- 
pa^o o6BRHajrb neaa vb «AeMopaIH8a^iH» sa to, qro a, no npHBU^si- 
jiH nexepfiyprcKaro sHTOia vb ofiajiijo h pasHoo6paaii) MynjiiHpoBi bjih, 
Hoserb 6uTB, no HH^^H^peHTHSMy si BToro po^a ^aRTam, — Hsyic- 
jiflxca ero boihohIi). Koho^ho, ero ropaqaa plu ne 6uia Hay^HUiTB 
H3cjrt;i[0BaHie]rB, ho oht» oroan Ha aayiHufi noqsi, h6o o6ejmpfijrb 
pe^opMV Bi o^iepi npEyawb n ciiACTBifi aBieaia. KaROBo se 6iuo 
Moe yAHBJieHie, Ror^a nej^aBHO a noxy^ETB orb aero iihcbmo, bx ro- 

TOpOMTi OHl, RaRl HH Wb HBITB HO 6iiBaio, HOBTOpaeTb cioBa Or. 
KoHTa: $aRTEI 06meCTBeHH0fi SH3HH H6 HOAieSaTb HH BOCXHH^eHiK), 

HH ocyaKA6HiD, h6o, roBopHTB, MosHo MaTeMaTH^ecRHKi npieHovb H 
T. ][,. Ho a eay ne noBipurB. Si no^yMaii: tki roBopHnn o 6e8CTpacrHofi 
MaTeaaTHRi tojbro Tor^a, Ror^a xojb Beo^eft npeACTaBiaeiea TeGt 
BuroAHUiTB HJH ROFj^a ;^o Te6a ae Raoaerca; a Ran toibro Tefia 
HeQpiaTHO 8a;]^H6TB a^sg coBepmoHHUft nycraR'B, asi cHORofeaott la- 
sypH TBoero o6'BeRTHBH3Ma sarpeiiHTB rpoin» h sacBopRaen MOima. 

Hnr. MNxatUoBCKiN. 



pyccKOE rEorPA«H?. ouvn. e efo nojiystsoBAa A^fl'TEJibHOCTB. 13a. 

PyecKoe FeorpaoHHeeKoe OdmeeiBO 
H ero nojiyBtKOBan ^tHTejitHoeib. 

HcTOpifi noxyB^KOBoft a^tmbhoctk HiniepaTopcKaro Pyccsaro reorpa(I)HqecEaFO 
Ofin^ecTBa (1845—1895). CocTaBBJTB no nopyqeniK) CoB^xa 06i4ecTBa BHi^enpex- 
c%jifi,Tej[b OGn^ecTBa II. II. CeMeHOBi npn coaUctbIh a^Aqtb. luena A. A. ^o- 
cToeBCKaro. Bii Tpex'L qacxaxi ci sapTOio, oocTaBJieHHOH) reaepaioirb Kosep- 

csHMi. Gn6. 1896 r. 

HcTopia nojiyBiROBoft sh3hh yqenaro ofin^ecTsa, Koiopoe mosho 

Ha3BaTI> O^HHlTb EST* CEMEIX'L KkhTeXbBUX'b H CaHUXl GiaBHUX'b 06- 

B^ecTBi Bii PocciH, A^TeJLBHocTB ROToparo ^acTO conpHKacaJiacB ci> 
Te^eHiBMH pyccKoS ofin^ecTBeHHofi shshh h bi axoifB oTHomemH 
yciynajia HeMHorEHi> APyrEM'B, bi» po^i BOiBHOdKonoicH^ecKaro o6iiie- 
cTBa; HCTopifl TaKoro ofin^eoiBa HenpeiilHHO flfixsRVk 6utb Becbna no- 
y^HiejiBHa. MoMeHTB sapoa^eHifl odn^ecxBa, saR'B moibho 8aBJiK)?aTB 
no HiROTopuMi cMyiHHM'B yRasaHiflicB TpexTOMHofi HGTopiH, leacaniefi 
nepe;i:b HaicH, conpoBOSAajicfl pasHorjiaciflMH bi> cpe;^ ocHOBaiejefi ero, 
Aa H nocil o6ii;ecTBy npHxoj^iocB nepesHBaxB ho lerRia EcnHTaHia. 
HcTopiE nojiyBiROBOfi si3Hfl Feorpa^EqeoRaro o6E;ecTBa sanEcana ero 
Bflii,enpeAciA&Tej[3MB II. n. CeMesoB£iM'B, ROTOpHfi sasEMaerB aiy 
AOJiSEOCTB BB Te^ofliE 23 Jiirb. Herto, Rosenso, se mofb lyqine na- 
EEcaiB BEinisii o58opB 8Tofi A^TeiBsocTE E A&TB ly^Eiyio oi^isRy 
AofiiiTHXB Qjo pesyjiBiaTOBB, RaRB caMB BOSAB 8Toro y^eflaro co6pa- 
fliE, SEsseEEOMy laRTy Roxoparo e yMiEBH) EaxoAETB ope^cTBa e 
EcnoiEETOJiefi nporpamiB, saAyMasEiiXB bb 06n;ecTBi, dro nocji'faAHee 
BB SEa^ETejiBEOfl cTonesE o6fl3aHo CBOEME ycnixaME e pasBHileHB 
TaRofl mEpoRoft A'i^ETejQiEOCTE. HcTopifl, sanEcaEsaa SBspwb^ saEE- 
MaK)E(EifB o$$EU^iaiBsoe noxosesie bb OGn^ecTBi, Roseqso, 6jjt,&rb 
EMixB xapaRTepB o^^fli^aiBsaro, cnoROfisaro o6o3piBaEiE co6uTiH 
BEyrpesEefi sesee o6iiiecTBa. Bb Eeft se Micro pa3o6j[a^esiflMB Tatt- 
suxB npysESB, BUdUBaBiEEXB R0ie6aEifl bb diofi sesee; e A^ft- 
CTBETOJIBEO, TpexTOMsaa EOTopifl o6QieoTBa uepeucjjieTB toxbro OAEi 
ycxyrE, ORasaasBUi o6n^ecTBy, ynax^EBafl toheuxb MicxaxB bb ero 
Sfl3SE. Cano co6ofi pasyirbercfl, bb laRoft A^BSEufi nepioAB sesee 
o6E;ecTBa bb* somb eoebxexecb BcaRaro po^a xe^eEiE; o6n;eoTBO ooeo- 
BaxocB en^e bb to cypoBoe Bpeua, Ror^a rocnoAcxBOBaxo RplEOCTEoe 
npaBo, Ror^a bb BoficRaxB npaRiEROBaxEOB secxo^ifl x&ieosua saRa- 
sasifl *) E Ror^a ne^axB xoMExacB eoab rsexoMB sicRoxBREXB i^es- 



*) Kor^a TypxecTaHi 6ujn> en^e Maso AOCTyneHi pfla yqoHHZi SKcneABi^iA, 
AOpOHBJlH BCflSHMH cpeACTBaMH Ao6HBaHlfl cB^^Ataifi HeiTB H Bl BOrpaHHqHUZ'b 
ropoAazi jDofiBxejiH reorpa$iH BanncHBaiH noKasaeifl JooAeft, ciyqaflHo no6M- 
BaBBiHZ'B Bii TypsecTaH^, si tomii qnca^ h noKasaHla C^ahzi pyccKHrB coji- 
XaTB, 6tma,BmHXb wb TypKecraEi, a noTom BOSBpaTHBnauca b-b Pocciio h 
nepcHecniBX'b <CKB08b crpofti. 



140 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

zjybj a sariiTB oho aojubho 61110 Bxtcri ci ocTanHmrb pyccKHirB 
oCn^ecTBOifB nepesHBaTB ropfl^jK) 800x7 pej^opirb. BpeMa; npoHeasy- 
Touoe u&Kjjj HaqajioiTL o6HOBieHiii pyccsaro ofin^ecTBa h nepBum 
cecciflMH seMCKHX'B co6paHiH h hobuxi ropoj^cRHXi jijwb, 61U0 ca- 
Kmth TpjAHUiTL Aifl yHeHux^ o6iiiecTBi, noroiiy tto hobua hoih* 
TH^ecKiA HanpaBjieHifl, Hapo;i^Bi]iiflCfl btb pyocKoirB o6ii^ecTBt, He ao- 
BoiBCTByjiCb ne^TBD, crpeMHXECB H Kb ji^jvmtb cnocofiaH'b oriame- 
HiH, HCKaiH TpHfiynu H BTopraiHCB wb y^enufl odo^ecTBa, npeBpan^as 
Hxi Bi» apeHy npemft no otin^ecTBeHHHMi BonpocawB. Xopomo 6axo 

6tf, ecu 6U SaBBlCfl OfiU^aft pfl^OlTB Cl O^^^HipaiBHHME HGTOpiflllH 

H3AaBaTB aiBMaHaxH, cocraBieHHue hsi BoenomiHaHitt xh^b, npsHH- 
MaBmHX'B iBflBoe y^acrie bb ynpaBJieniH oOn^ecTBa; aro cjiyxHio 6ii 
xopoiinn£:B AonomemeMB kb o$$H^iaJBHOft HcropiH. 

Ha nepBoS nopi shbhh reorpa^nqecRaro o6ii^ecTBa bb hbiib bos- 
HHBio pasHonacie npanaxB coBira o6n;ecTBa; HiRoropHce hbi sa- 
npaBHXB o6in;eoTBa HacTaHBan Ha tomb, ^to6u upejSfiibABnexb ofin^e- 
CTBa ES^HpaicH coBiTOHB, a He ofimHMX cofipaHieiTB. Ohh C^HTaXH 
Tasie HH ^MB He crtcHeHHue €Butiopii», t. e B£i6opii odmnrB co- 
tipameiTB, a He coBiioirB, Bpe;^HifliH bb nacTOflnieirB h onacHUMH bi 
6y;^yii^eirB- OnacHOCTB otb Tasoro nopH^iiLa BiifiopoBB bha^ih bb tomb, 

HIO BU6opB CM0S6TB HaCTB Ha JDn^O, He HSBiCTHOe npaBHrejiBOTBy hjoi 

HO noiB3yi)in;eeofl ero xoBtpeHHocTBi); sa EaHAHAaxoBB, npe^pEarae- 
MHXB ooBiTOHB, coBiiB H pyvaeTCff, sa Bu(k)pu se BB ofin^evB co6- 
paniH, ^poH8BOAflII^ecfl bo upasi (?), HHorAa h noj^oiOBJieHHue bo 

MpaKi, HHKTO He OTBi?aeTB>. OAHaSO, npOTHBOHOXOXHOe MHinie BOCTOp- 

xecTBOsajio h aocjAjsjximfia. shshb onpaBj^aia ero; orpaxH ORasaiHCB 
nanpacHUMH. O6uqH0e flBJienie, tto naniH idah nayKH e BOo6n^e 
BOflKie opraHHsaTopH noiiesHiiXB yqpea^OHift ne AOBipHDTB ocraiB- 
HOMy o6ii^eoTBy h coMHiBaioTCir, Aoponi sa apfhmb JomiairB ri 
yMCTBeHHue HHiepecu, kotopumh ohh caicH BoiHyioros. Ofin^ecTBo 6iuo 
6e8rjia6Ho h norony aaraAOHHo, coeAHHenie bb rpynnii A^a o6ii^aro 
A&ia BaTpyAHOHo h Majio padBHTO, noaroHy laKoe neAOBipie y^peAH- 
xeieft KB Macct, ecjTH ne H3BHHHTejn>H0, to snojHi hohhtho, oooOohho 
bb to oTAaieHHoe Bpeica. CjiaBHaa HCTopin Feorpa^H^ecKaro ofin^e- 
CTBa MOseTB cjiysHTB npeAOCTepesemeHB otb HSJinrnHflro HOAOsi^piH 
KB pyccRoS HHTeJl[JIH^eH^iH. Feorpa^HqecRoe o6n;ecTBO 6jiaronojiy?Ho 
npocyiii;ecTBOBajio naTBAecHTB jiItb; eAHHCTBOHHoe co6iiTie, OHpa^- 
mee ero shshb, — saRpime Dro-sanaAHaro OTA'bJia ofiniecTBa; npHUHu 
saRpUTifl nOKa ne orjiamoHH h mosotb 6£Itb oRaseTCH, ^to h 8Ta 
ne^aiBHafl Hcropk ooHOBana na HOAopasyvi^HiH. 

Pa6oTH Feorpa$HqecKaro o6in;ecTBa npoHcxoAHJiH bb TpexB Hay^- 
HHXB o6iacTflXB: BB o6jiacTH o(5in;eft roorpa^in (^HSH^ecRoft h Kaxe- 
HaTHqecRofl), bb o6jiacTH 8THorpa$iH h bb o6jracTH oraTHCTHKH. 9rc- 
neAHi];iH oOn^ecTBa rjiaBHHirB ofipaaoirB Cujth HanpaBJieHU Ha boctorx. 
Cd6hpb, TypRecTaHB, MoHroaia h TH6erB 6um no npeHMymeoTBy ape- 
H0& H8Gji'£A0BaHl& pyccRHXB nyremecTBeHHHROBB, HanpasJuieMHXB Feo- 



PyCCROB rEOrPA«H?. OBHI. H EFO nOJiyBfhKOBASi A'^flTBIbHOCTB. 141 

ppa^H^eoKHMi oemecTBOHi. CiBopi Gh6hph h qeHrpsuiBHas Asia 
611JIE caioia He HscjiiAOBaHHHfl o6JiacTH Ha 2qujA. CocTOAHie snaHift 
Cpe^Hefi AsiH fiuio laKoe, ^to jifiLBuo npaso ryii6oj[bTy Bupa- 

SHTbCH, ^TO KH JLfWlQ SBaeiTb HOBepXHOGTb SJBU, ^^fclTB flOSepXHOCTb 

CpoAHeft Asin. EcreciBeHHO, ^m) rjiaBHoe BHHiiaHie Feorpa^H^ecRaro 
oOn^eoTBa 6wlo o6pan^6Ho Ha bth crpaHH. Oahhicb m% nepBtirb ero 
npeAnpuiTift 61110 HSAaHie iiepeBo;i;a Tofi ^acTH sojioccaiBHaro TpTA& 
HlftMeiijKaro reorpa^ PaTxepa tQeuimij^ime Asin, KOtopan saRju)- 
^axa vh ce6'b onHcame asiaTCKHX'b crpaHB, conp6AiiBHHxi> ci na- 
mHiTL ore^eoTBOirB. Ha oahoA hbi crpaHHqi cBoero co^HHOHlfl Pht- 
Tep'B BosiarajTB jOkA^mjij, mo aaraAomsa crpa&H Asia 6jffjTb ot- 
EpiflH h OHHcaHii pyccKHHH jqeHiiMH; HcnoiHeHie aioro sasinj^aHiH 
Hiiceipuiro reorpa^a CA^JiaiocB sa^aqefi o6ii][ecTBa, Ero HBortxoBaBia 
AaiH Haqaj[HCb cb TypKecraHa, KOTopuft 6utb tasxe h jsficrjnEie; 
cooiAHift KHTaft en;e He 6wcb OTKpurb ]!flA HHocTpaHi^eBi. IlepBoe 
nfreuiecTBie otl reorpa^H^ecEaro o6n^ecTBa vh TypKeorani, niieHHO 
vb ropnyi) o6xacTb TflHb-maEH, 6iuo coBepmeHo n. n. CeiceHOBipii, 
HUHbniHHirB BHi^enpeAoiAaTeieirb odo^ecTBa, KoropoMj 6iuo nopj^eno 
Tor^a nepeBOAHTb tpja'b PHTTepa h jifyukHh Kb Hmy AonoiHeHk. By- 
Ayn^eiiy pysoBOAHieiK) oO^ecTBa Biinaio na aoxd OTspurb nepnyK) 
crpaHHi^y vroi AOTOJit saspiiTOft khhth; pafiovb, syAa fiuia HanpaB- 
jiena nepBaa pyoocafl 8KoneAHii;ifl vb i^enrpaibHyi) Asis), 6un npo- 
MesyTOHHuS MeiSAy TypRecraHOH'b h BaKpuTSOfb KEiaeirb; oHb Jie- 
WLib Ha rpaHH^b MeEAT AByKfl odmEpHUMH oCjulcthmh, no soTopHm* 
rjiaBHiiic'b o6pa30jrb Horoirb pa8A:&raj[H0b uoeAjijvm\a. pyccKiH 8Kone- 
AHiUH. BcKopd^ KffraicRoe npaBHreibcTBo chhio sanpenteHie na FbisAi 
B'b Kffraft HHocTpaHnHXi nyremeoTBeHHEKOBi, a TypKeciaH'b 6ujrb 

SaHHTb pyCCKHKH BOtCSaHH H 06paTHJICfl Bl pyCCRyD ^pOBHH^UD. 

BiiicTi iyb TiiTb Ha^axoa jusbslksA pax^ BEcneAHi^ifi Pyoosaro Feorpa- 
4^HqeoEaro o6mecTBa h vb TypKeciaHi h vh Rnrat; n. n. Ceiie- 
HOBi, npHBBaHHSJt K'b yqacTiB Bi KpecTbflHOKofi pe^opMi, 6wrb ot- 
BJie^effb oTb npflMOro yqacTui bi HscilAOBaHiH Asin na Hicii, ho 
Beji^A^ 8a ero dKcneAHi^eft naqajicdi poA^ dscneAHipfi CiBepi^oBa, 
Haiq^aBxeEHHTb Bb TypsecraHb. IIpHGoeAHHeHie vb PocciH AMypa 
BusBaio pflAi ynenuxi BKcneAHipft na Avyp^ b% YccypiicRifi spafl 
E Ha CaxaiEHb; he YecypH na^an oboh nepBiifl ESOJrlAOBaHifl Ilpae^ 

BEIbCEifi, SDTOpOMy HOTOlTb CyEBAeHO 6UI0 CA^ETbCE mOHepOlTb B'b 

HSQiiAOBaHiH MoHrojDH H TnCera. B'b cjrfcAOBaBmax'b sa rtvb 8Ecne- 
AEn;]flX'b npEHHEaiH ywciie MHorie nsib ly^niHX'b pyocEEX'b y^eHHXb: 
Mja^eiAop^'b, MascEMOBHTb, nXuHATb, MymseroBb, PoMaEOBcsiS, 
BorAaHOBi (MoA. Hee.), IltBi^OBi, ^OA^eHEO E KHOiie Apyrte, Menie 
BHaMeHHTue. BHA&^H^eecE noEOseme m61^ BeiMH hhhe daHHMasnrb, 
EOEe^Ho, CiBepi^OHb h JIpaceBaibCEift; oee noAiiEXE CpeAHDi) Asis^ 
Heac^y co6ofi: C'bBepi^OBib OTAaica Bceq^o asy^eHiD TypsecxaEa, 
IIpseBaxbCsiS Eay^aii) MoetoeIh h lEfiera. OrspuTie MopoBoro nyrH 
El ycxTbD EEEcea npEBaeBio BHHMaEie o6n^ecTBa ei ciBepy CEtiapE 



142 PyCCKOS BOrATCTBO. 

H BHBBftlO pflJI^ pyCGKHX'b H HHOCTpaHHHX'b bMUeKB^A Kl OfaepHHlTL 

fiepenuTb Ch6hph. 

BHyrpeHHaii Pocciji He Tpe6oBaia ieociukh BEoneAmpft; sscibxo- 
Bame efl npspoAU npoHSBOAUoeb MicTHUira jneman y^pei^eHiUH 
H oCiueciBaia, KoropHfl pasciinai no ryOepnuivB, yHEBepcHTeraicH, 
cTancTH^ecsmcH soMHTeraiai h t. a., ho h coxa aih pimems niKO- 
TopuTb cneniaiKHHTt BonpocoBi um au o6GriAOBaHifl Teorpa^H- 
qecKoe otiH^ecTBO nociuaio HHorxa escnexHi^, Kan, HanpHM., BKcne- 
^qnQfl AseaxoBa au Hsy^enifl TxpaHHcurs apMapoifK, nofeAsa He- 
fioACHHa Jiu nsyHema ToproBJtm ei Bjxapot h XHBoft, FiiB^pAHHra 
ji^uL saiiHCiiBaEui OHescKHX'B (SiuHHi, BKcnejqipui ^yCHHGKaro aks 
co6paHij[ BTHorpa^HqecBHXi naTepiaiOBi bi» Dro-sanaAHOin* xpaji, 
HoiOHHHa H xPFm Axa ootipaniH niceffB, ^fcnitt pa;^ BKcneAHi^t 
AU HSciftAOBaHiH xiMnofi loproBiH h np. SAteb ropasAO (Sanme, 
TbiTb mxsfejiflniowh monejsfn^, ofin^eciBO A^aio nyreirb cHomemft 
ci pasciflHHHMH Bi npoBHHipH cofipaHUDiH H iHiviM H, BaHHHaDnpoacH 
HayKOft. 06iiiHpHHft MaTopianb, co6paHHiit HocpeAOTBon anrb gho- 
menifi, hsa^hb ?acTU> bi CtepHHsaxi oCotecTBa, ucted nepeAavB 
jnemawb cneipaneroirB h H3AaHib OTAinbHo; Tavi, HanpHH., QBHme 
THctraH HOHepoBi HapoAHKXb cxaaon, AocraBJiepHiirL coGHpaTeiaiai 
Kb Q6mficrBo RWb paamixi sohi^obx HicnepiH, 6iuo nepeAaHo mocbqb- 
cROHy T^eHoiiy A^Hac&eBy h cooraBHio cyn^ecTBeHHHft suaA^ bi 
H^aHHue TOFb AOBflTb BHiiycKOBi cPjccsHxi HapoAKHXi ^^aaoKii^ 
KpoHi cHomoHit vh OTAixbHHMH iHi^^iiH, nposHBanQoiMH vb npo- 
BBH^iH, npoBHHuiaibHair AiflTeibHocTB Ha noibay reorpa^HvecKaro 
o6D{ecTBa ycnuBaiaob yqpo^eHieirB Ha ospaRHarB HMnepin ota^^ 
iiOBi ofiniecTBa; TasHTb o^AiioBi Vb HacTOflHiiee BpeMa norb: KaBsas* 
cRifi, OpeHfiyprosifi, SanaAHo-CHtfHpcisit, BocroqHO-cHfiHpcsit h AMyp- 
CRift; ABa OTAi^a: H)ro-8aaaAHHt b OiBepo-sanaAHuft npoRpaiTHiH 
CBoe cyn^ecTBOBaHie, nepBuft no bojA npaBHiejibCTBa, BTopot bci^A- 
CTBie xojiOAHaro OTHomeHk k-b HOMy aAMHHHcrpaTHBHolt BiacTH fb 
spat. OTAiAi AMypoRift OTKpiuca gi» $Kiiaji[bHmiH OTAiJiemHMH vh 
^xri H Kflxit. Cjiyse6Hoe SHa^eme OTAbiOBB ne ctojcbko coctooio 
Bi pasBHTiH HayKH, OKOJbRo Fb pacnpooTpaHOHiH JU06BH KB Bamrtiflirb 
eiD Bi npoBHH^iaJ[BHOM'B o6n^ecTBi. Heo6xoAHMO BUABHHyrb ory mhccId 
BTHxi ynpesAeHifi; co6Hpafl BORpyrb cefia npoBHHUlajbHHH yMCTBenHHif 
CHJEU H cnjio^HBafl HX*b, OTA'biu reorpa^H^eoKaro o(!n^ecTBa ciysHiH ytft^ 
sHntaMH AJU iDAofi) Roropue bi yMOTBeHHux-b saHHxiHX'b HCRaiH cnaoeflia 
oTb npoBHHn;iaiBHofi OKyKH h losnaro aBTopHiera, i^apcTByDn^rb vh 
npoBHHi^ajibHUX'b caioHax'b neTep6yprcRHXi npasAHomaTaDn^HXCH.IIpo- 
BHHn;iaJD>Hue OTAim oGoAPHDn^HM'b o6pa30Mi» biuuh na crpouhhtb 
jintiHTejieft nayRH, cosAaBaa Hirb OTHooHxeibHyK) npejiecxb shshh cpoAH 
y6iScTBeHHaro OAHOoGpasiH ORpyxaDn^aro. Busain ciy^an, nio moio- 
Aoft ^enovbvb, (SiaroAapfl noRpoBHieibCTBy OTAbra reorpa$H?ecRait) 
ofin^ecTBa, cna^aia naxoAiurb npHHiteeHie CBOHirb cHJiairb h 6jiaropoA~ 
Kurb nopuBaiTb vb npoBHHI^H, a hotohi* BUXOAHjrb na 6ojrbe nni- 



P7GCK0B rSOrPA«HH. OBII(. E BfO aOJI7BfiKOBAfl JSfiSTEJLhSLOCTb. 14B 

poRTD Aoporj H ciaHOBHicfl jifiuoKiSBsavb jnemnwb. En^e 6ojii6 
MHoroqHCJieHHH tnuoL Gij^aH, Kor^a nospoBHTejiBCTBO reorpa^H^ecRaro 
ofin^ecTBa npixoAHio Ha ifoMomB JiDAflMi, BciiACTBie jBJie^eHia 
nojiHTHqeoBiiHH BAOflMH noTepflBiBHX'B noioseHie Bi ofin^ecTBt. Mosho 
ysaBaxB Ha HHoro^HCieBHiie npHnipu, RorAa ryiiaHHaa noAAepssa 
BUcoRO aBTopHTOTHaro o6ii^ecTBa npsBieRJia R:b cjcyaiseHii) nayRfc gubi, 
ROTopsA 6eai Hen ejih norH6jn 6ii fiesciiAHO hih aojeto ooraBaiHCB 6u 

Vb EejSJbOTQShROWb COCTOflHiH. Mil MOSeM^ HanOMHHTE HMena JI^£l60Br 

ORaro/ o(5oraTHBmaro HayRj HSCJiiAOBaHiflHH ^ajHH BafiRajia h Kan- 
qaTRH, nojiy^HBinaro uotoitb RaeeApy vb RpaROBCROMi yHEBepcHTeii; 
FoAJieBCRaro, noMoraBmaro ^udoBCROiiy bi* aHTOMOJiorHqecRoirB Esy- 
^emn npH6aftRajafl; KoenonoiBCRaro^ npHHHMaBmaro y^acrie bx BRcne- 
AHii;^^ Peorpa^H^ecRaro o6n](ecTBa b% Ra^ecTBt OoTaHHRa, HeRa- 
HOBORaro, coBepniHBinaro nioROiBRO reoJiorE^ecRHxi aRcne^Hi^ft vh 
npeAiiax'B HpRyroRofi ry6epHiH, a riaBHsorb o6pa30]rB na cinepi 
Ch6hph; BHTROBORaro, aaHHiiaBBiaroofl pacROHRaMH h OTRpuBmaro 
BnepBue Mornjra RaMOHHaro BiRa orojeo HpRyroRa; ^epcRaro, cosAaB- 
maro ce6b HSBicTHOCTB cbohhh HBoriAOBamflMH reoJiorHqecRaro cipo- 
eniH 6eperoB'B BaftRaia; CipomeBORaro, 6oJ[Bmoe co^mHeHie Roroparo 
JLcyroRoft o6xacTH cRopo hbhtch vb neqaTSj IleRapoRaro, mho- 
rojiiixifi xpyA'B ROToparo, HRyroRifi ojiOBapB, ne^aiaeTca wb StsjTCKk; 
RieMenea, 6uBmaro bi Te^eHiH HicRoiBRHXx sbn ceRperapeiTB Bo- 
GTO?HO'OH6HpcRaro OTA^a H HUHfi AOKaHUBaDn^f^ro cboh apxeoiorn- 
qecsJH HBoiiAOBaHifl b^ ciBepHot Mohtojiui; H^PBHi^eBa, hmh roto^ 
paro oBflsaHO cb OTRpurieiTB pyHonoAo6Hux'B naAHHcefi na Opxoni; 
m^anoBa, aHTponoxorH^ecRie h dTHorpa^H^ecRie pesyjcbTaTH lypyxan- 
cRoft 8RcneAHiiiH ROToparo, R'b coacajriiHii), croptiH b% 6oj[bHioft nosapi^ 
BB HpRyTCRi Vb 1879 r. TaiaHTjn[BU& DHoma XyxflROBi, BaneoeH- 
Hiift cyABtioft B-b BepiOHHCRi, R'B cosai^HiD, pano yMep'B, no boc- 
nojiBSOBaBinECB no^AopsRoft Teorpa^HqecRaro ofin^eoTBa, ROTopaa hoba- 
Hie naBipHo HBHiacB 6u eny na noMon^b. Feorpa^ffiecROify o6n(6- 
cTBy Bce TaRH nayRa ofiflBana cnacemeirB eAHHCTBOHHo yi^tiiBinaro 
HBi ero, RasercH, MHoro^HCJEeHHUxi, pyRoanceft c6opHHRa HRyrcRHx^ 
CRasoRi, ROTopiitt orapaHieiCB oGn^ecTBa h CuAb H^asB. Bb ceicHAe* 
cHTBExii roAaxi, RorAa ciyxi o ne^ajOiHoft cyAB6i Ba6ponieHHaro b'b 
xaRyn AaiB hoioaofo ^ejEOB^Ra (oh*b comen cb yiia) Aonua ao Ile- 
T6p6ypra, oahht* hb'b Jiynmnxi iiy(Sj[Hi;HCTOBi> Toro BpeiieHH npHroxo- 

BHI1> 6hU0 CraTBX), BI ROTOpOft OOBiXOBaAB l^CTHOft aAMHHHCTpanilH 
BOCnOIBBOBaXBCH HHTeJUHreHTHHQIH J[K)ABMH, B0AB0p6HH£niH Wb TOWb 

OTAajieHHOMB Rpai, jifia. HBy^emfl ero, ho no HesaBicflii^HirB o6cto- 
flxeiBCTBaMB ciaTBfl He noaBHjiaoB bi ne^aTH. Bb HacTOfln^ee Bpeiia 
BBriHAEi Ha BTO y oaMoft aAMHHHorpaipH, noBHAHMOny, BBMimHjraoB. Mh 
MOseiTb yxaBaiB Ha laRie npHM'Ipu: ^HsenepB ^epn^OBi, croflBmifi 
BO rjiaffb anrapcRofi aRc^eAH^iH, HBy^aBmeft nopom na p. Anrapt, gb 
paapimoHiH MnHHOxpa cocTaBHJTB oipaAB cbohxb noMonpuLROBB hbi^ 
jnn^b BTOft RaieropiE; cTaTHCTHieoRoe Siopo, yqpesAOHHoe bb HpRyiv 



144 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

cEt 6uBnnswb upKyrcKHirb reH6pajrB-ry6epHaTopoirB rpa^m HrsaTB- 
eBsiTB, cBOK) KaHqeJUipii) cooraBUo h81 moioahx'B oe6hpiirobi-ctj- 

ABH'TOB'B, BBIC4aHEiirB Ha pOAHHy H81 CTOJmHHX'B ySHBepCBTeTOB'b; 

TenepB set oha cogtohtb Ha rooy^^pcTBeHHofi cjtyxOi h oHHraDTCJi 
OAHEHH H3^ cavHrb OBi^yntHxi H noieaHKX'B HHHOBHHKOBi Bi Kpai. 
HaK0H6ip» B'B HaoTOflHtee Bpeiui bb AsyrcKoS o6iacTH hpohsboaatch 
HsciiiAOBaHia HRyTCSoft 8ScneAHB[iH, oocroflHteft noAi nospoBHreiB- 
otboh^ reorpa^H^ecsaro ofimecTBa h cooTaBibHHot6ojiie ^wh na no- 
lOBiHy H3B jum'b Toft SO KaToropiH. 

HcTopHKB Feorpa^H^ecKaro oSn^ecTBa coBepmesHO Btpso roBo- 
pHTB, qro OHO He tiiuo saMKHyroi) Kopnopaz^ei). dro 6iUB, no oxo* 
Ban HOTopHsa, cBOSABHrHyruft nepe^oBUiiH pycosHMH jtoabiei cthtb, 
nojTB KOTopuft CB060AHO oo6HpaiHOB pyccKie xdab <n> bhcorod ittibi) ciy- 
TBiVLTb PoodH E onoGo6oTBOBaTB CBOHMH ipyAaMH nOBHaHUD pyccBOft seiixH 
H pyccKaro Hapo;ia»* Bo BTopoMBHTperBeiTBAecflTHJitTiHnoooHOBaHit 
ofin^ecTBa ooBopniHiHOB BejoEiA pe^opMu HiinepaTopa AxeKoa^^QM n, 
«HHori6 HS'B ffbflreieft reorpaj^a^eosaro ofiii^eoTBa Hrpara (bb HHrb) 
BecBMa BHAHyn poxB hhohho norony, ^ro ohh xn^aTeiBHUMi Hsyqe- 
HieiTB pyccKaro napoAHaro fiiira orqacTH noAroroBHiH no^By vh pas- 
pimoHiK) BexHKaro js/kiA ooBo6oigi6Hifl HapoAHaro ipyA^^- HHH&mHii 
BHi^enpej^ciAaiaiB o6iaecTBa h ero HcropHffB cam* npHHRnaJTB ;^TaiB- 
Hoe yqaorie vb rxaBHOfi pe^opirl HHaepaxopa AieEcanxpa 11; ohi co- 
cTOfljTb ceKperapeMi KOMHTOTa, o6cya^Bniaro ciiooo6u ocBo6o3^eHiH 

SptnOCTHilll KpeCTBHVB. Ha OAHOft H8I OJrlxyDnVlX'B CTpaHHll(B OHB 
rOBOpHTB: cB'&B'B, B'B ROTOpOlTB BOSHHKIO E X^tCTBOBaiO PyCCBOe 

Feorpa^HqecKoe 06n^eoTBO, na egloji^^ h qepesi hhtb xbrh Bci Jitorejoi, 
noHMeHOBaHmie vb dioft sHArb, fiyAyn yse idabmh nponuaro BtBa, 
OAHHB sa APTTHMB yxoAHii^HME Ha BftqHuft HOKot. Ho Ha 6yAyii(H0cxB 
Aopororo HavB otin^ecTBa mh, jddah npomxaro, Hoserb CMorpiiB 

CBiTIUlTb H CnOEOtHHKB BBrXHAOIfB. CBOfiOAHaH E OTSpUTaS J^K wAtL 

Eopnopanjii tfy^eTB hoctoehho nonojlHATBCE e o6HOBjuiTBGfl rticHiyq- 
mEHfl iK)AB]fE pyocEaro o6ii^ecTBa, soTopue, no ooficmeHHOicy no^EHy, 
oTAaAyn jcy^min cboh cejui Hsyqeflix) poAHofi 8eiuE». 

Jly^mee nacrtxcTBO, Eoropoe ocraBJuiDTB Odn^ecTBy 8th npomiue 
AlflTexH, cTOflBmie bo rxaB'6 ero, BaKinqaercH bi^ np6EpacHiixi» Tpa^E- 
i^axiy co3AaHH£ix'B vh 05n^ecTBi ETb AtoejiBHooTBD. 06nieGTB0 Hoacerb 
cnoEOftHo OMorpiiB na (Syxyn^ee e HaAiHTBon, qro sebhb ero ne o^y- 
flib&rhf a FB OEpysaDD^eft Ofin^ecTBO co^BOTByDnieft eMy opeffb 6yAerB 
SETb yBipeHHocTB, qro xdae, crOHS^e bb nevrpi Ofi^eoTBa, BcerAa 
6yAyrB ci^ BaBin^aHHUMx npesHHUH A'torexflMH noHHicaHieirB h A^n- 

EaTHOCTBK) OTHOCETBOfl EB EHAEBHAyaiBHUlTB CepAeUtDTB Bie^eHiHITB 

TpyseHHEOBTB, pasctoHHuxB no JiHqy pyecsoft seiOE, ne ooEoptSiaa 
HacExieHB qysoe cepAi^e h ^syx) ooBiciB. 

A — B — c — B. 



AHEBBBRl SyPHAJEHGTA. 14& 



HHeBHHKT> acypHajiHCTa. 

ApiiflHCKiii H TypeiiHifl A^Jia. 

I. 

Ci ocHOBHOD ECTopEqecKOD cyii](H0CTBK) Bcefo BooTo^Haro Bonpooa 
Mu osHS^OHEiHCB vh npoDLioM'B JfueeuuKfb H ofiiii^ajiE ceroAHfl 8a- 
HJiTBca aHajraaoiTB ero coBpeiieHHaro cocTOflHifl h B'b oco6eHHOCTH o^ohb 
danyraHHHHn oficTOflTeiBCTBaifH apMflHCKffi'B jilkrh. UociA jifiji^jjajjA 
npomiaro pasa, noAroTOBEBnnix'B Hacx ktb nosHuaHiD ocHOBfluxrb 
BCTopH^ecKHXi TBHeHlft BocTORa, MU TonepB npes^e Bcero saiiieHoa 
ofiaopoiTB ^^aKioBi, ^rro6si sartirB yse o6a pa^a js,Bssaxi> cbboth ki 
oon^euy HCDOJncoBaHiE). 

nepoAHflfl Asia npeAcraBJiflerB, crporo roBopfli coBepmeHHo oco- 
67D qacTb cv&Ta, OffHHaKOBO OTJiiH^aacB otb BeJuiKoS Abie, otb 

EBpOEH fl OTB A^pEEE fl OAEHaEOBO ABIfliI ?6pTH[ CXOACTBa CO BCillE 

8TEHfl TpeHE co(AfjBJSME MaTepEKaME, KOTopuTB Ilepej^Bafl Ask coe* 
j^flSflerB He toibko reorpa^E^ecxE, ho en^e 6ojrle loro BoropEqeesH. 

B'b j^peBHOCTE ;8T0 GTpaHa HiCROAKEX'B BaM^^aTeiBHHZ^ COEETH^e- 

csEx^ E EpaHCKOfi H;HBEXH8aii;iS, o6i»ej(EH6HHiix'B noA^ cEEaerpoirB 
npaECREXi AxeueHEAOHL. Bi cpeAHie B^Ra boa IlepeAHHfl Asifl hbe- 
jDtacB ToaTpoiTB pa3BBTifl fl pasi^BiiTa apa6cR0ft i^HBHi[E3aii;iE. Bi ho- 
B'lftmee BpeuE, onatB-TaRE osa riwh OTJis^aeTCE on Bcftxi ocrajBiB- 
KHxi cTpavB soHsoro Mipa, tto OHa o6ieAStHeHa BJiaAU^ecTBoiirB 
HcjiaMa, ROTopiiS hotte toibro s^icB coxpaHBJTB noiUiTEqecRyD caHO- 

CTOflTOXBEOCTB E JlfOUe HOJETEqeCROO rOCHOAGTBO. Cl A2tHHS0H) KJXb- 

TypHOD ECTopie:R, Tepaion^eftGa B'B ri76HHt b^robi, HOBiAOMux'b 6ojr&e 
HOBUirB i^EBEfflsainflKB EBponu; CTB HacejEesieM'B, npeAcraBJiflion^EMi 
neoipyx) cuicB e apgbhexi RyjnbTypEBixii, s sobux'b ho^ahrhxi EapoA- 
HocToft, GomeAnnixcfl CD^a co Boixi CToposi CTaparo CBlTa; cb roe- 
TpacraHE npflpoAU) oTXE^aDH^EVE ea oTA'&KBHtia naoTE eohte raR-B se, 
KaRi OTiE^aeTca npapoAa Ampere, AsIh e Esponu; e sa bc^m's Tbiii 

EKeHEO B^ 8TEXI ROETpaCXaXl HpEpOAU, Vb 8T0ft ClTiOE nJIOMeHB, B'B 

8X011% nepenjieTft Ecropfl^ecRHX'B saBiiOBi e npoAaHift, HaxoAanitaa 
cBoe BABHCTBo H CBOO OTJonie 0Tb oRpysaDmaro Mipa, IlepeAHaa 
Asia aBiaeTca ^is-a-yis eBponeficRofi i(EBEJifl3ai]iE njvizwb e spas- 
Ae6Emr& MipoiTB, 6oifte qyxEirB e ropas^o Oojiie BpaacAe^^HUMi, se- 
aceiE ^aJiBHaa Asia, HhaIh, HeMycyaBEaflCRaa A^paRa. 3Ta ot^s- 

AOHHOCTB, BHiCTb CB ECTOpHHeCROX) COJlEAapHOGTBlQ , SaBimaaHOK) ECTO- 

pieft, TaR'B^acTO BaaEHsofi; BiiicT& cb Horyn^ecTBesHHMS dRosouE^ecREME 
E nojuHTE^ecREME ESTepecaifE OBpoDeficRflXB A^psaBi; BMicri cb xpE- 

H 4. Or^*M% n. IQ 



146 P7GCS0B BOFATCTBO. 

criaHOSHHH nryHaflEHKH ^jBCTBaiiH eBponeftcxHX'B HapoAOB'B, — cosAaDTb 
TaKys) ciosHOCTb E saTpyAHHTOiBHocTB coBpeueHHaro noiGseflifl, mo 
HaflTH js,JSB. Bcix'B 663060^^06 H ciipaB6AiHBoe p6ineEie crasKHBaio- 
nqascfl scropffiecKHX'B le^emft craHOBHTCfl Bce TpjAHie. 06% aroKb, 
oAsaRO, uocjtb^ a TeiiepB o6paTnMCfl ki o63opy IIep6AH6S AaiH, Kasi 
naBHaro Teaxpa BOoro^Haro Bonpoca bi> Hacrosmee Bpeim. 

nepoAHfls AsiA, HCTopmecKH e reorpa^HHecsE, oiaraoTCE npea^e 
Bcero ESI rpoKaAHaro EpascKaro oiooKoropiE, oBaft]U6Esaro Biico^air- 
niEME Bimo ofl'bsEHME xpediaiiE 3jnb6pyca, Ilapa-IIauflsa, lESAy- 
Kyma, Cojeomoeobhx'b ropi e Sarpoca, e ebi TeppacoBEAEiirB, ro- 
pECTBix'B cKiosoBi dTBTb oKpaflEEHX'b xpetfioBi: Bi CToposy Kacnitt- 
esaro Mopa (ApeBBoa rEpKasiE) e TypasoKoft sE3MessocTE (MepBi e 
BasTpia) Ea C., b'b croposy B^e (Ra6jxECTasi» e B6jrrJUBECTaE'B) 
Ea B., vh CToposy HsAificBaro OKeaEa (ly^EiiE qacTE ;ip6Bseft Ilep- 
CEAU, EUEi ^apca) sa K). e vb cropoEy M6cconoTa]iiE (apobeee Cy- 
siaEa) Ea K)3. Ha C3. HpaEOKoe nAOOsoropi6 Evieirb sasb 6a opo- 
A02S6fli6 B^ pflAi MeEUDEXl EiocRoropift, Bce nosEsaDE^xcs z-b 
Sana^y; lasoBH nxocKoropk ap^bsexi ApM6siE, KaanasosiE e ^e- 

IlE, TO^EO TaKS6 OIcpyseEEIIXl OBpaEESUME XpedxaME, ROTOpiie TOUO 

laiPB se EMiDTX sa cboexi BEimsEXi cuoeex^ lyqsiiE crpaEH lie- 
peAHOft Asifl: ap^beU IIoetb bi croposy Hepsaro sops, BflessiD, 
losin E RapiD— Bi croposy Apxsnejiara, JIeku) e KsiEidx) B^ oro- 
posy CpeAHSOMEaro Mops s BepxsDX) MecconoraidD Ea K)B. bi cto- 
posy MecconoTaMCKOft ESSHessocTE. HpascKoe niocRoropie, xote 
s o6j[aAae!rb MSOrsME oasscaME, so Boo6n^e cyxo s uycruEso, oco- 
6eEso Vb BocToqsoft cBoefi ^lacxE; xi sana^ on sero lesantfs itio- 
cEoropis crasoBETCfl rfciTB uoAopoAsie s opomossie, niirB 6xExe ei 
Esponi, nps ^esi sanp. vb croposy BsessiE s losis yse eosep- 
IH6EH0 ynoAo6ifli)TOfl xapasrepy cooiipuiro BaiRaflCKaro noiyocrpoBa. 
TaKEMi) o6pa30Mi, BsyrpesEifl njEOCSoropiE nepoAsefi Asifl npeAciaB- 
zsoDTb KaK'B6uK0CTB MOB^ Aaiolt EEapoflofi, rA& oco66ssocrE odosxi 
RosTEseETOB'B Bcipi^DTCfl, nepoMiniEBaDTCfl s nocrenesso nepexo- 
Aflrb APyri Vb Kpjvh. Hanpacso mu eceejie 611 xaRoro nepexoABaro 
nofloa Meaiuy Asielt e A^psEofi. Tjs/k y hotokobi Tsrpa, EB^pata e 
OpoBTa TepflDTCfl EociiAHie xouEcnie oTpors Sarpoca s TaBpa, 
Tas'B sos^aercE e npspo^a Aais. HenocpeACTBesEO aa Oposroiii noMr 
SEKannpflCE ropii JbiBafla s AsTEXEBasa, sasB s ropu Faypasa, bh- 
xoA^nqfl Ricpe^^Eesy xeqesiD EB^paia, Earb s paBssEu, lesaoiiiE 
iseaifij 8TEirE xpedrasE,— eocetb yxe pisRo a^psRaECRili xapainepb. 
3^B Bce Efloe: reoiorsqecRoe s TORToss^ecRoe cTpoeEie, noqsa, rib- 
iiaTB, ^lopa, $aysa, leiOBi^ecRis pacH. dio adiaicRoe npoAozsesie 
AMPERE— o6niflpsafl e nycrmsEafl po^EEa cesETEqecRoft pacu, 3Aic& 
o6pa80BaBflieflcfl, pasBEBmeioE e pasMsosflBmeftcE, orcuAa se OAHaxw 
pacnpocrpasEBmeficE sa o6mflpEHfl npocrpascTBa bo set ciopoEH, 
OTCK>Aa ace noA^ESEBmefl sipi cboevi peisriflKi e s^^b se Bi CBoeii'b 
crapoM'B jsflwk siiEi saRJiDUBmeflca nocii loro, rbri noTepaia cboe 



AHEBHHK^ SyPHAJIECTA. 147 

rpoMapcuft nouTH^ecsiii npio6piTeHifl (BaBuoHO-acoHpiioKk, ^hhv- 
KificKifl, apa6cKiA). 

^OTupe nj[O0Koropifl, poBHHXi rski ctojtb h o6roposeHHnx'B os- 
paHHHBrMH xpefiraHH, o^eflB nenaiiHiix'E h onevb nycTUHBHX'B, npeji- 
craBifleTB co6ox) BHyrpeEHOorb aiofl asiflrcROt naJieHBBot A<j[>phkh, noB- 
TopflDn^eft cTpoeme seiHKoft A^pbkh, cosepmeHHo Tasace Kasi ocTan- 
Haa IIepe;i[Bflfl Aaifl noBTopaerb co(k)X) cTpoeHie ocraiBHOft tfojubmpft 
Asie. Ha BHimEeirB cuoHi OKpaHHHUX'b xpdtiroBi pacnojioseHH 
6oAie o6HTaeMiifl cxpaHu, mitoiii^ui bi coBOsynHOCTff obojio ey^ hhjuIo- 
HOB^ ATOTB*) HacexeHiii, npH^en eABa n u noiicHJudoHa Ha6e- 
percfl HHAO-esponefti^eBi h TypaHoieBi^ ociajBEHe — ceuma. noiocaoTb 
nepcHACKolt rpaHHiiH AoCp6AH8e]iHaroMopa(BHJ[aSeTuMoc7jrb,Ii;op'B s 
Axenno =1.394,884 xsTeiefi);iBJU[eTCii nepexoAHoft so toj[bro no npHpo- 
A^ H ecrecTBeEHBDci yoioBfaiirB, ho h no ycjioBUiBrB EoropH^ecKaro cyme- 
cTBOBania. 3a1cb npea^o Bcero HaxoAHn sa nowi ceMHTB^ecaaro Bopes- 
Horo HacejieHifl aHa^HTOJiBHyiD noAMicB HHAO-eBponeflcsaqp HaceieHis 
(RypAU, apMflHe, rpeRHHApOi^A*]^ xpECTiaHCRoeHaceieBiecocraBJCfleirB 
BOJOAy BaaREuS BieiiesrB HaceJieHiA; ho, bb npoTHBynoiosHooTB ci- 
Bepaie jiesan^HM'B orpaHairB ApMeHlH h Majioft AsiH h bi corjiaciH 
6ojrbe x)SHott ncTO-oeiiHTH^ecROft ofiiacTH, TypaHcaift 8ieK6HTi s/rbcB 
H6 BxojpnrB Bi cocraBi Haceiemfl wb eROflBRO-HHSy^B saiiiTHOjrB lEcsk. 

rOCnO^CTBO TypROB'B BA'&CB TOXBRO HOXHTH^eOROe H OHH BA^CB HpOSH- 
BanTB nOTTH TOIBRO RRR'B BOiCROH^HHOBHHieOTBO. 3l6MeHTB HOXHTH^e- 

exaro 6eaaoRoflcTBa bo Bceft aioft ceicHTHHecRoft ^acra nepoAneft AbIh {vh 
CflpiE E MeconoiaMifl j npeACTaBjiaK»TB: RO^eaua iueMeBa6eAyflE0B%,8a- 
HEMann^iflca paaOoeiiB, RasB npomicioirB, h oCysAanie rotopbdcb Ooxie 
cEXBSBiirB E 6ojAe nopflAO^HUirB npaBErexBOTBOiTB oabb-xe tin cooiaBEXo 
MEoro saTpyAEeEiS; flai^iOHaxBHafl spaasAa iie^Ay SEByn^HME pbaohb Apy- 
saME E MapoEETaME^ wh ApyrHxiOTEomesiExib nieneEaME mepeume h 
RyxBTypEUHE; <j[>aEaTE8irB MycyiBiiaHCRaro EacexeEia fOsHOft IlaiecTHEH, 
EETaeMuft cociA<^BOifB ApaaiE gi» aa MaroMeraECREHH cBETUEaME; ho 
6oj[le Boero h naBEle Bcero coBepmoEEoe pacuiEie Typeipu)ft aAME- 
EECTpai^iE E coBopmeEEaa pacnynteEEoeiB Typei^oi ooxAaTUEH* B^ 
TaxExi BUBOAaxB fl xapaRTepacTERaxi cxoAflxca Bct fiesEpEcrpaoTHue 
EafixDAaieiE Bcixi crpaEi e EapoAHOCTet. HicRoiBRO ciosaaie no- 
xosoEie A^^ Bi MaioS AsiE e ApMOEiE, npeEMyn^ecTBeHEO EEiepe- 
cyDE^Bxi Bi EacToaa^ee Bpeiia bocb i^HBEifl30BaBHuft aipi. 



*) HcTO^EHKaMH }f^ cTaTHCTiiui HacoiAslfl AsiftTcxofl Typi^H nociyoEn 
SleTers, ALIgemeine liandeskande. Aden. 1893. MallBall, Dietionnary of statis- 
tics; Statesman, Tearboock. 1895. ^aHSUfl apuflHcsaFO BOHerasTBEonojiscxaro 
naTpiapxaxa, npeAcrwuieHHUfl ]tfipsMB9Lm vb 1880 rofij, Bc^ o^HcieBia Maio 
AOOTOBtpnu, VTO oroBapHBaioirL bcday cam aBTopu, ho xyvnim ho BM^toroa. 

BOBCe. 

10* 



1^48 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 



n. 



OrJIH^BTeJQ>H0X) OCO($dHHOOTKD DStttdt HOXOBHES S^flTCKOft TJf^^E 

HBJtfleTCfl coeAHHeHie piteKo a$pHttiaHesaro xapasvepa nptpojm crt orHirqe- 
eEODOAHOpo;^ocTbDceHnTi^eeKaro flaceatemfl npi iio^iTHnoiHOin»oT0yT* 
eTBiHT7peii;Kofi sozoHH3iii^ h npH pacnaAevlH Ha ABa paiotfa, DSHsift, ts- 
nneoKift (oi HCKJOD^HTeiMo edMBTH^ecBHiiiHaceieRieKb h ei npeo6ji{M(a* 
Hievi MycyiuiaffB) nepexoxHHt, 6oile o&BepHHt (ci> 8Ha^iHTexBHEiir& 
EHXO-eBponeffcKHiii h zpncfiaHeKHirb HacejiesieiTB, nopoD ocnapHBaD^ 
jBjnrh TOcxeHHoid npeoOxaAaHle 7 c6][>nro3% h MycyjaKaHi). Ob Apyrot 
cTopoHH, ciBepHaii tiojr&d oOnrapHait ff Gojrte dxaroitpiflTHaii ajQ^ ^e- 

X0Bt«[6CS0t SH3HH ^aCTB AsiHTCROtt TypB;iH BO Be4bXl OTHXl OTHonte- 

EiflrB ptdKO oTjUHaercfl otl touro hto esaTo oxapaBTepHdOBapmix'B 
oooOeraocrefi naniot. 8io — crpaaa^ vb ;Q>eBHOcTtf Hi^siBa^inaflcfl Ap- 
MeHiet, noHfoiTB, Ramrs^oRiet, Ila^jRiroHieft, ^pHilefi, KHURiet, JIh- 
RieB, KapieS, loHieft h BteHHiett, a jnaA otfosHaHaeicaflr HMeHauff 
ApiieHiii, KypAHCTana, AHaToxiH k ^racro coeji^Hfijieirafl noA'B HasBa- 
HieiTB MaxoS AbIe. Cn^a ho npoBBRaen oeicHTiraeeRafl paca s 
RopeHHUlfH afiopvrdHam flBumrcfl HapoxHocnc EffAO-^BponeScRot 
ceMBH, apvrae, KypAH, rpeRH, BeftOeRH^ jrasu, npyRH, TaxTaflXH, an- 
sapiH, RHBEJiBfiamH, iesflffU. 3aT0 EKesHO cnxa npoBERJia stb ssau- 
TejiBHom* ucjA R0J[bHE3ai|^ TypascRofi pacn. BoBoe se yrfiepARB- 
majiCfl Bi CflpiE s MeeoEoraidE n cpaBEEieiBHo cia6o koxobeso- 
BaBntaE EBponeAcEyx) Typi^io, lypascRaE paca sailiia cetifi BTopyx> 
poAEsy EH6HS0 s^i^B, Ha BEytpesHEX'B njEocRoropiaxiiApHeHiB, $pH- 
riE E KannaAORiE, vh HesBmefi creneEE Bi oRpysanm^EX'B ropaxi h 
ejBfi vh MeEBEieft CTeneHE na BHiniHEX'B noGepeatBaxi. BoDAy OAEaEo 
TypRE cocraBiflDTB o^eHB 8HauTej[BEH& BjHeHeHTB Eaceiesifl, a sa 
BsyrpeHEEXi> nxato, noBEAEMOMy, eobcioaT npeoCuwaiyrB, EOpox) sna- 
1ET6JIBHO. TypRE Bct irycyjBtLMaHe oyEEETBt. Hbi RypAOBi 6ojiBmRH- 

GTBO CyHHETKT^ H6EBniEECTB(>—flliflTEI. Ee^O BO BpeKfl pyOCRO-TypeipU)ft 

BOfiHH 1828—1829 rr. H'&ROtopaE ^acTB RypAOBi (iHia xjiECTiaHe; 
TenepB xpECTiancTBO Bi ex's cpeffb coBepmeEso Eoqe3io, RaR'B e cpeAH 
jrasoFB^ rpysEECRatt) nxenesE, saceJiEDni^aro BOOTO^yD nojroBEHyTpe- 
6fl30HACRaro BEiatera. npeAcraBETejsisHE xpucTiancTBa b'b HacromKee 

BpeMfl flBJUDTCfl T0J[BR0 apHEEO E rpORE. nepBHXl, EO caifUMl CH6- 

joiM'B BU^EcieEifliTB, onpeA&UDTB (Sievers, AUgemeine LandeBkunde. 
Asien. 1893)^ AO ipexi HEJudosoBi mecTECOTi tuge^x, a rpoROB^b 
oROJio HEudoEa AyiiTB- Statesman Yearbook onpOAiuerB lECJiessocTB 
sacoJieEifl Bcero Rpaa bi 11 hejuIosob'b, ter'b ^to nyoyjiBMaEe co- 

OTaBJUflDrB meCTB Cl nOJCOtiEEOD MEJIUliOSOBl, B006Eld OROJiO ipeXl Efl- 

Tuxi Bcero HaceieHifl. Bi Hscjii MycyjiBMafli RypAOBi» orojio KEjuiofia 
H MeiRHXi EapoAHOCTeft 350*400 Tuc, laRib hto sa flflu} lypROB'b 
ocTaeTCfl oRoio eete VEJudOHOB'B (nps mecTfl MEJuiOEaxi Bcixi apii- 
j^eBi, pasAi^eHEHXi OAEano Ea Tps rjiaBEHXi s HicKOJiBRO MejrE0xi> 



AHBBHHK'b SyPHAJGHCTA. 149 

HapoAHOcieft). Typu, rmwrh o6paaoMi» m cocriumiDTb 6o^mirQ- 

CTBa, no flBJUra>TGfl paMOD .lIHOrOTOCieVHOlO Hj|P0A90Q1^K), CnJEOieHHOX) 
H OAHOpo;^OD 8THH9eCSH, peiHrl03H0 H nOJEHTH^eCK^. OUHpaflCL Ha 

aojrroppi MWJiiOHa MycyjOiHaBi HHAO-esponeftOKoft pacu, tjpkh 6e3- 

OnopHO rOCnOAjESTBJDrb R^kJISh rpeRO-apVflHCKHli'B UpHBniHBCTBOirB, 3A0- 

6moKb AMeso ae conAapsuirB. TasHn o6pa3oirb, HacEoaBKo iipu- 
poAHW jcjoBia cteepHOft ^cte AsiflrcKofl Typqui fijiaronpiflTHie, 
QacTOAiiRO, HanponiBi Toro, ycioBk EoropflqecKifl cjioshj^bcb d^icb 
ropa3AO sanyraHBrito h saTpyAHHTOJiBHte. 

Mil 6'lrjio o6o3pbdis b6gb paiOffB, Koxopuft b-b cyiDtecTBepHHX'B 
"ieprax^ reorpa^H^ecsHX'B h HCTopH^ecKHxrb, iaA&n> o^ffBh uEoro 
cxoj(CTBa. CymecTByDirB oflHaso n sbsoTopufl paajiH^. 0% hhmh 
^aAO xenepB oBHasoMETBca xoth 6u b% o6jnfixi> ^epraxi. IIo, B)s|[OHy 
fiepery Maiofi AbIk, Ha cRJonaxi bucoiu^o jiicHOTaro TaBpa m Ha 
no6epesBH CpeAHBOiiHaro HopA npocnpaDTCfl uo^opo^pcEiH h 6ora- 
xua OTB npHpojpi bohjih aP^bhhx'b Khjuuoh h JlHKiH« dra npeicpacHO 
opomeHHafl, 6ora;rafl jd^coMi h novoD, oi MarRHM'B uHMaTOM'B h 
AP6BH0D KyiBTypoD cTpaHa HaoejteHa ^acTBD rpesaior, bj^qb b'b 
GBoeM'B imA o6HapysHBaDiipHH SHa^^HrejcbHyD ho^^cb ceMHTEHe- 
cKaro dieiieHTa, ^acTBp noTOicKaiin apobhhx'b aOopsreHOBB (apsapm 
vh KflfjfHKiH, TaxTaASH H DpyEH B'B JiHKiH) jifi dJiiHHCKaro nepioAa, 
HacTBX) caycTHBHiHMHGdi CDfta C3> BHyrpeHHHX^ upcKoropift TypEaHH. 
H'iKorAa Bipo (um xopomo saceJiEeHHaa CTp^^sa, fioraiaa HKyjD»TypHaff. 
HuHi, HOjcxBjnflHieirB Hcrpefiiemfl HacejteHiii TypRavH h Hero;^Haro uho- 
roBisoBaro Typei^saro ynpaBieHUi, ona B'B fiojiBmoirB juAjijsi. Xpa- 
oriane cocraBjHDTB no scet BipoaxHOCTH jfeHBrnsHcrBO. 

O^eHB cxoAHUfl xapaxTopi hochtb h ciBepHoe qepsoMopcKoe no- 
6epeaBe Maiofl AbIh^ bohjih ap^bhafo IIoHTa, ]i;apoTBa MHTpHAaxa. 
BoiAe A'HHHoe b 6ojtie yasoe, oho tohho xaKse aBAfleicfl ropHcruirB 
E 6oraTO opomeEHBorB ciutOHOicB JiicEcraro BUcoKaro IIoHTiftcKaro 
Epflsa. Maraifi UHMarb, moAopowas no^a, AP^BHflfl KyjiBxypa e 
cociaB'B coBpeHeHEaro Eaoejuesk en^e 6oj['le cSwsaiorB ^epnoEopoROe 

nofiepeSBO Cl cpeAH8eKH0M0pCRHMl>. FpORE E TjTb COCTaBJIflDTB 8Ha- 

^B^rejiBHBiS dJieuesTB HaceJieHifl, j[9aiB secoKHiHBo EpeodaaAaion^ifi y 
CEHoifa E CaneyHa, 6utb mosotb e y TpetiESOH^a. TaRi se h sj^icB 
coxpaHEJEECB EOTOMRE a6opEresoB'B AO-aJUHscRaro nepioAa. dio Jiasu, 
naoeuE^nUe ropu TpedESosACRaro BEjafieia e 6aperB Hops nesAy 
pyccROD rpaBfli(eK)ETpe6E80HA0irB. TypRE TOseECDAacuyciEiECB cb 

BHyrpeSSEX'B UOCROrOpii, COCTaBAEE E lyrB HOHBinHHCTBO, ROTopoe 

upeBpaiuaerca vb HypyiBHaECRoe 6oj[biiiehctbo, fijiaro^apfl MaroHeiaE- 
cTBy jrasoBii e Ryp^OB-B. KyjEBrypHuft, fioraxuft e rycrosaceieEEut 

Rpafi B'B AP^BHOCTE) H£IHt OVB T09H0 XaEl SO HaXOAEXCE B'B JUAJljA 

BciiACXBie xypeipcaro ECxpe&ieHiH RyjiBxypEaro HacexoHifl h HOEcnpa- 
BEHHXi Ae(|>6RX0Bi xypoi^Raro ynpaBiesifl. 

KaRi* HE npeRpacEU npEpoABHE ycJioBifl KejerIh, JlHEis e IIOETa, 
osE ycxynaiyFB GiarocioBeEHHirB sbilihei sanaAHaro 8re&CiEaro no- 



150 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

6epesBfl Maiofi AaiH, KOTopoe npHHaj^esHTB vb SJ^mBWb crpaHaitb 
Ha deperax'B CpeAHseHHaro Hopa, ctojdlb 6oraT£ix'B npeKpacHUiiH h 
6j[aroAaTHUHH cTpasaHH. Eapia, lOHk e BHOHfiia flSJuuiHCb wb ApeB- 
EOCTH HCTHHHUMx seHHEiM'L napaAflBOiTb; 6wLE j&boEu 6oraTifimHMH, 

MHOrOJIlDAHHMH, npOCBill^eHHHMH FOpOAaHH, npOACTaBJIflJH GOtiOD 

cniomnofi pocEomHufi caA'B. MarKui o^epTaHia, fioraxoe opomeiiie, fijaro- 
AaTflufi KJiHtfaTB H HJioAopoAHafl no^aA'&JiaDT'bBTyoTpaHyHBib Hacroa- 
mee Bpeiui 6e3cnopHo jry^mei) H'^cTHOcxbD cpe^H TeppHTopifi, HacejieH- 
RhLTb rpeq^oROH) pacox). IIoTOHy ^o He hs^o 3a6uBaTB^ qro a^icb h 
AO cero BpeiieHH npeo6jiaAaeTi» xpHCTiaHCRoe rpe^ecRoe HacejseHie. 

MeHBIIIHHCTBO COCTaBJ[flK)T% TypKH, KOTOpUO IipeBpaniiaH)TCfl B'B 60JLb- 

niHHCTBO Bi» cisepnoS qacTH, o6paii(eHHo£ kt^ MpaMopHOny MopD. 

SHa^HTeJEBHIJil apKHHCKlA EOAOHIh B^ ropOAaX'B SA'I^CBAOnOJIHHfiOTCflHap- 

MflHOEOK) K0J[0HH3aii,iefi B'B €6J[axi», npHifi^inHBaDm;e£cfl Kb KopeHHOny 
rpe^ecjKOHy HacejieHiK). Bi ropaxi coxpaHHjHCB HeHHoroqEcieHHEie oo- 
TaTKH a6opEreHOBi> AO-dJUHHCKaro nepio^a, EHeEHO ouycyaBMaseHHoe 
njieiui defi6eK0B'B. Typei^Roe ynpaBJienieflBJUieTGfl BA^BeAHHCTBeHHOK) 
npH^EHOD eHJiBHaro jnaAKa, BBROTopoH'LHaxoAETCHdTa6oraTaflH Aia- 
roAaTsaa crpana. 

HhOD npEpOAOD, HHOK) HCTOpH^eCSOD CyAB60H) H HHUHl COBpe- 

H6HHHHI cocTOflHieifB OTJiEqaioTQa BHyrpeHHifl njtocsoropia * o6o3pi- 
BaeMoi HaMH qacTH OiroMaHOKoi EMnepiE. 9to TpaBflHHCTBra cienH 

CB C0A6H0B0AHUMH BHyTpeHHBHH 6aCCeftHaUE, OKafiHieHHUE BUOORHKH 

ropaMH, H3pb3aHEiia xpefirauH, cb HeuHoroBOAHHMH noTOsaME^ eocei- 
jiaeMiuiH BTEHE xpefoaufl, e h^ckojibeeke KpynHUMH piKaME, BEire- 

KaDE^HHE ES'B OKpaflHHBIX'B XpoOrOB'B E SaT^HB HXl EpopBIBaDnHEME 

DO nyiE Ki MopK). CypoBuft RiEHarB, ORyAHaa npEpo^a, p:bA- 
Koe Baceieflie, ssaHErejEBEufl ROHTEHreHiyB RoqoBHEROBi bb ero co- 
cTaBi, 8Ea^TejD>soe npeofiiaAaHie nycyjiBHaHCRaro BieMeHxa— TasoBH 
rjiaBHUfl xapaRTepflCTE^ecRifl ocofiessocin btexi BEyTpeHHEX'B xuocro- 
ropifi nepe^Eeft A3iE. mtvb 3aEaAHie, t^mb oee CiaronpiaTEie aja 
SEBHE, Mflrqe RJHMaTOiiB, 6ora?e pacTETejiBEOCTBio, naceieEEie, oeb^' 
Jiie. Ri BocTORy cTenn qacTO nepexoAETB bt* nycruHE, jAcb na pan- 
HEflaxi* Hc^esaoTB, eotore CTaHOBETca MaioBOAfl^y RiEMaTB cypo- 
Bie, RoqeBoe sacejieme MHoro^EOieHHie. Ri> BocroRy xe ycEiEBaerca 
ROHTEHreHTB xpHCTiaHORaTO HaceioEifl Bi» cocTaBi octAJrax'B o6aTa- 
T616&. CaHoe BocTo^Hoe EJiocRoropie apHancRoe bb oco6eHHocTH 
xapaRTepE3y6Tca BciMH bteme oTJoaqETejEBHUMH ^epraME. 

ApMEHCRoe EJiocRoropie cocTOErB e8b BHxafieTOBB 3p3epyMCRaro, 
BafiCRaro e EETjiflccRaro s ^cte BEJiatera CEBaccRaro. Oao orpa- 
HE^eflo CB ciBepa IIoEiificcEHB xpe6T0Mi, Roropuft s^i^cB (ojAjije 
noBopoxy nepEOM opoRaro 6epera) OTRJiOHaeTca e bb pyccRoifB SaRaa- 
RasBi coeAEHaerca cb xpefiioirB KaBRasa. XpeOm Taapa e Asth- 
TaBpa, orpaEE^SBaDE^ie crb K)ra EjrocRoropia ^pflriBcKoe e Ranoa- 
AORificRoe, Tose oiRJiOEaiDTca ri CB. e paspisuBaDTB apicaacRoe 
njutTO Ha HicROJiBRO aaMRHyruxB 6accefl[S0BB: pp. EB^paia, Kypn, 



;^EBHHR'B SyPHAIHGTA. 151 

Apasca, osepi Bana h ToKwi. Orponi DacHO-nepGHSOBaro Sarpoca 
cociaBJunDTL iMRHyD rpaHB apHiiHORaro mocsoropifl, cavaro bo3bh- 
BieHHaro mgsat mooKoropiflira asiaTCSoft Tf pi(iH, saHfioxbe HSOJtnpo- 
BaHHaro otb jMipaDii^aTO BAisHia Mopeft h HaH6Qjr6e oiKpHTaro bjua- 
RiD BHyrpeHHeft Asm. Bee dio jx^tkerb KiSMarb BejiHKoft ApvesiH 
(KOTopaa H saHHMaerb apMAHcsoe luocEorople) Epafine cypoBiiHi. 
HaxoAflCB noA'B mEpoTOD Heanojia h MaAps^a, 8to naocRoropie (no 
AaHHuiTB Tpexi cTaH^ift, AjreKcaHAponoifl, BpHBaHH h dpsepyna) 
BMioTB cpeAHioD TetfnepaTypy, paBsyi) uocKOBCEot, MeacAj T&in» KaKX 
juiTHifl 3Hoft cooTBiTCTByeTB TeHnepaiypt AiOKcaHApiH {vb ErHirri) 
H MaiBTU. PacTHTau»HDCTB noiTH HCKJDO^HTejrBHo TpaBflHaff, nopoD 
CMtefleHaa iioajihhhoid nycruHeiD. Uotth noiHOe orcyrcTBie Ape- 
BecHoft pacTHTejBHOCTE xapasxepHCTH^iHO j^LE BToro cypoBaro Kpaa. 
TaKOBa npHpo^a Be^HKoi ApiceHiH, erb K)ra rpaHH^iameft ci Maioft 
ApMBHieft, pacnojioaceHHOfl sa csiOHax'B DsaEDCB ORpaHHHHXi xpeCroBX, 
caycRaK)ii^HX6a R'B MecconoxaiccRoft HHSMeHHOcTH h vb CHpiflcRoft ropHoft 
cxpaai. BEJiafteru MaptfypeTCRift, J!l,iap66RHpcRift h ^acTB AzenncRaro 
06URHOB6HHO BRiD^aDTCfl B'B noHflTie Maiofi ApveHiE. IIpRpoAa Maioft 
ApHeniH 6ura?e, RJULuaTB Hflr?e, boau oCwshsie. Ho peJiHriosHOHy 
Gocrasy HacaieHifl wbrb cyn^eoTBeHHOi pa8HHii;H Mes^y o6iHMH Ap- 

MeHifltfH, ROTOpUXl TypRH COejS,RESM)Vb UOJSIb OfffiEWb HaHKeHOBaHieirB 

KypAHOTaHa. 

no Statesman yearbook jiMa 1894 r. Haoeieme nflxn BuafieTOBi 
ApMeniH (dpsepyifB, Ban, BHmcb, MapMyperi, Aiap6eRHpx) aooth- 
raerB BiH^^pii 2.457,400 fljurb. Hbi hhxx na AOJno apiuorb npnxo- 
AHTCfl (no CBi^A'^HiflirB, AocraBJienHiiifB vb 1880 ro^y ROHcraHTEHO- 
nojEicROD apMflHCROH) uaTplapxiefi EHocTpaHHUH'B AopsaBaiTB): b% 8p- 
sepyMCROtfiy — 134 tuc, Bi BaHCROHi) E BaTiflcoRoiTB (r;^ npoEcxo- 
AEJia ssatfOHETafl caccyECRaE ptsEfl) — 252,500, vb KopEyrcROirB (Map- 
MypeiCROirt?)— 158,000BAiap6eREpcROin» 88,800, Bcero 633,000 ^ynrB. 
IIo jspjTuwb ECTOHEERaMi apMEEi jiflsxEO 6uTb 6ojn»ine, Eo e^Ba je 
apHEEe caME yMeELmaiE qflCJieEsocxb cboexi conieHeEEEROB'B. CRopie 
uosEo 6u3io 6u osEAaTB npoTEBynoJuosEaro... Bobhozso, ^o oee npsA- 
craBEXfl mmb cqECieEie nyscRoro EaceieEifl. Bi xaRoirb ciy w& maxi- 
mum EXl HEGieEEOCTE MOSflO C^ETaib OROJIO OAEOFO MEIJriOfla AByX- 

coTb TucEE'B jxjmb o6oero nojra, uio 6iEse Kb npeiKEErb CBiA^EiEHi. 
Bo BCflROHi ciy qai apvEEe ewtjj^ eo cocraBJUDTB tionmEECTBa EaceieEifl. 
dio no;i:iBepa;AaeT6fl e cTaTECTEROi) EacexeEia KapccRofi OfixacTE, ne- 
pemeAmefi r'lPoccIe 611878 ro^y, vb odnvixi HepTaxicocTaBiflsmet 
AOBOJiBEO TEEEqecRyi) HicTEOCTB BdiEROfi ApMeHiE. IIo pycoROMy noA- 
cqery cociaBi* EacexeEifl aroft qacxE ApueEin (j^ui 1890 r.) ORasaiofl: 

TypoRi E Tatapi ♦ • • 67,177 . . 38,5% 

ApMHflTb E rpeROBX. . 60,617 . . 35,0% 

KypAOBt 26,356 . . 15,2% 

PyccRBXTb B rpysEEt . . 19,894 . . 11,3% 

S=174,044 . . 100,0 



132 PyOCROE BOrATCTBO. 

npeAnoiaras, ^ro pjcokhtb k rpyssHi npirfuanenHo MMt- 
ESTB, cfb OAHOft cTopoHH, MeiKU HapoAHOCTH, ieBipi fl BH8SA-6aiire, 
a n APFOft — CEpiti^i h nepcbrae, vb 8HauTdJiBioir& ^incjii npoEH- 
EaDnqe bi^ Buafieraxi Maiofl ApMemH, mh MoriE 6ii ocraBirrb jinn 
apMAH^ rb se 35% (rpesoBi novm vfkvb bi aroft qacTH, He HMin- 
n^efi KopcEoro 6epera), t. e. osoio 860 thc. athtb. Bt dpsepyiicKOMi 
Buafleri sypABi jspsxbbl cocTaBiarb npH6jiH8HTejiBH0 Tasoft se koh- 
THHreHTB, KBKi H Bi Kapct, HO Vb APjrHXi BHiaierarB ou ana- 
^onrejo^HO HHOieHsbe, TorAa KaKi TypKH kb Dry oraHOBflTCH Bce irevbe 
"mcjieHHH. HaHfioiie ocBiA^iueHHue aBTopu npsHHiiaDTB otimyD uc- 
jieHHOCTB KjpAOBi asiaTCEoft Tfpqin ^o OAHoro MHuiona ex joim- 
HHifB *) RTb noceJieHifl npoHEEanrB OAHaEO bx BHrnfieiu CsBaca h 
Aji^aHU (KHAHEiH) Ha 3. E Bi BEJiateru Ajiemio, Uftpi h Moecyji'D 
Ha K)., Tasrb hto hx'b ucieHHOCTb vh BEJiafierarb cofioTBOHiiaro EypAH- 
cxana (BeiHBofi h Maioft ApMemH) npHHHicaeTca oeoio 800 — 900 
Ttic. Aynrb. Hsi ocTai&Hiix'B 800 too. oeojeo 250 — 300 thc. na- 
jsfierb Ha iesHAOBi, EE8Eib*6anieft, lasoBi, nepeiHHB, cflpi8aeBi, 
rpeEoBi, eBpeesi, eBponefii^eBi, e cBHme noiyicEidoHa Ha ocicaH- 
JiECOBi, npeo6jKaAas)H^HX'L Bi Sp^epyifCEOMi BuaSeTi h tfucrpo co- 
Epan^aDnpxGfl hecjeox'b bi ^oi^ dseutl. TasoBa Hanfiorte b1- 
pOETBaH craTECTEsa sacejieEiH 8Toro spaa, xoth h b% Heft xocroBip- 
EOCTE He oqeHB MHoro. Ona noEasuBaen, ^o apuHEe cocraBiEDTB 
oEOJio OAsoft xpexE HaceieHiH, cxoabeo ace sypAu h ctojibro se 
ocxaiBsiiH HapoAHOCTE, npE^eiTB xypoEB HeicHoro 6o£be oAHofi hh- 
xofi. ELEAO-eBponefii^eBi, xasEVi o6pa30]rb, hbao c^iExaxB npeo6ia- 
AajpniHifB axeireHxoirB (niceEHO oeojeo ^exBipex^ mmirb Bcero naceie- 
Hli), HO pasAiieHHHH'B Ha ab^ spynHUfl napoAHOCXE h h'&ceoibeo 
MeiEHXi. XpEcxiane cocxaBJiEDXi BCDxy HeHbniEHcxBO, Eoxopoe A^uRe 
vh coeABHeniE ci nojiyfldu^sEEaxH iessAaHE, bgdji^ ycxynaexi no 
qEcieHHOcxE HycyjD&MaHairB. Oeoio MEJurioHa xpHCxiaHi h okoio aoiy- 
xopa MEJuioHa HaroMexaai 6yjn;exi naEdoiie BipoaxHsiirB pacnpe- 
A^JEenieMi Haceienifl no EcnoBiAAHiHM'B. 

Es-b axoro fiiraaro o63opa coBepraeHHo HBCXByexi, ^xo ji^Acxbh- 
xejiBHo conepHHqann^EHE HapoAHocxEMH s^i^cB flBiEDxca apMHHe h 

EypAH, nOiIXH OflEHaEOBOft ^ECJieHHOCXE. HcXOpiE npOACTOETB ptEIHXB 

Bonpocx, 6yAex^ avl axa cxpana HaSBiBaxBCH ApHenieft, nasi ona sa* 
suBajiacB Vb ApeBHOoxH e bi> cpoAsie Bisa^ hie RypAEcxanoM'B, ebei 
ee EHHi HasHBaDTB xypEE? Typeiqcoe ynpaBienie e s^'bcB, eoho^ho, 
HBJifleTCfl HecoHHHxejiBHOK) npE^EsoD yna^Ea, paaopenifl h o6e3JiDse- 
BiH, B-B EoxopoiTB HaxoAHXCfl Bxa cypoBafl, HO He cEy^HaH cxpana. 
Meni^e ycxpanHMOS) h 6ojiie rjiydoEoio npEraEHOD necxpoeEiH axoro 
otinrnpnaro Epan EBiflexcH axoxi pteEifi e nocxoHHHBift anxaroHEaHB 



♦) RpoMft Toro, B* IlepciH KypJ^OB'^ cvirraeTCfl ceMBcoT-B Tucaqi h b* PoccIh 

OSOaO 100 THC, T&X'b VTO 06mfiA VHCaeHHOCTb 8T0ft HapOAHOCTH AOJDBHft AOCTB- 

raTL npHGiQiBHTesbHO AByn muuuoHOB'b. 



;(HEBHfl£i sypfiAAn(n:A. 153 

fifijTb qHOVOHHO npeodiaAaivn^HX'B HapoftHoimi, vb SHa^urreiBHiix'E 
Maceax'B npoHHEHiHxi h bi oocixHie BuafteiH A^enno (ciBopHaa 
Cnpifl), AAaHH [{KeissAsl) e CHBSoa (ie»waro boctohhod cBoeft 
^acTBi) eo^e aa apMHHGKOirB niocsoropin). ^fixie, Ha niocsoropkxi 
Maiofi Aaifl apMHHe Toase cooTaBJUuoTB bcdaj aoboibho saMiTHufi 
KOHTHHreHrB HacaieHiH, ]ci> 3ana;(y nocreneHHo jcrynafl vicio ocrai- 
EoiTb ;Q)eBHflro rpe^ecKaro (hjih sipffbe, uuHHEdOBaHHaro) HaqeJieHifl 
^pHiiH, ocHOBaTOJiBHO HCTpe6ieHHaro TypKanH. BooOn^e, mosho o^h- 
TaiBy ^0 Ha BHyrpeHHHX'B uooKoropiaxi llaioft Asih (ne o^Hrafl 

OKpeCTHUX'B XpefirOB'B, HapyaCHHX.'B npHKOpCSHX'B nOSOQFb H BOCTOUOfi 

^acTH CHBaocKaro BuiafieTa) ^HOjieHHocrb HaceieHiH HOserL aocth- 
raTB 4^2 — 5 HffiudiOHOB'B, hbi kohxi 3^2 — ^ MHuioHOBi Typosx H 
OKoio HBjudoHa apKflHBy rpeKOB^b, DpysoBx (bi» KannaAOKiH, bh- 
jafterb KohIh), pyccxsx'b neEpacoBi^eBi (lainb se), topkocobi (ao 
100 Tiio.)» eBpeeBi, HHocTpaHi^eBi. Sth BHyipeHHifl OAOCEoropifl Ma- 
not AsiH^ BHJiafieTH CnBaca, KohIh, Anropu, qacTBi) RacTauysH h 
Bpyccu H cocTaBJuooTL HOAXHHHyn Typi^, naBHyD onopy oeiiaH- 
cRaro H MyoymiaHCRaro Biajpi^ecTBa na BanancKOMi noiyocipoBi 
H vb nepeAHeft Asih. 

m. 

KypAHCTaffB HiH ApHeHiH? 

HoTopifl pimHTb BTon Bonpoci* Hame ;^o noKadaib Bienemu 
pimeHifl npH «ecTeoTBeHHO]rb xo^i sen^efti h maHcu sjiiecoofipas- 
naro Hoxo^a, KaE'b ero noaKerB npoAHsrosaTb rojioci pasyxa h co- 

BiCTH. 

ApMaH'B MOSHO c^vraTB afiopHPeHatf h Kpaa. En^e co BpeneFB Ba- 
BHJioHCKaro i^apcTBa KiHHOo6pa3HHa HCMinHCH ooxpaEHjiH Hani hsb^- 
CTie HapoAi ApMuna, asHBineicB K'b cisepy otb Accnpin h mia- 
THBrneMi usEh HOHapxaiTB BaBHJioHa h HBHeBiH. Cava Accnpia 3a- 
HHHaia HHLHimHie BHjiiafieTU Moccyjia, Mapnypera h ^iapfieKHpa, 
^acTbK) B^opa h BHTJinca, t. e. RpoKt BepxHOfi MeconoTiuiiH, en^e 
H BCE) MajKyD ApueHuo. Hapo;^^ «Ap]iHHa», jv^jsjai HHHi^mHHX'B 
apMHH'B, mwTb, TasHiTb oGpaaoiTB, na njiooEoropiH BeiHRoft ApiieHm. 
Ero H3o6pasaDTB nairb ynoifflHyraiA Haji;nHcn CBiTjroBoiociiui h ro- 
jiy6orj[a3iiirB, vro aojsho 6w[o o^ohb yAHBJESTb TeMHux'B saBHioHflVB. 
Ob rbTb nop% hotomh&ih h apMHHe, sasi h nepcii, h rpeRE, h 
eojiibtu, h MHorie Kpjne apiftiijH, nepecej[HBmieGH na dfb h sa^cb 
CMimaBmiecs (tb tomhobojiochmh h hophooehmh coc£ahmh, ceMHxaMH, 
TDpRaMH, nopoDAase cb TeMHOEOSHMH xaMHxaMH (b'b HHAocTant, b'b 
Cyaiani, ^^HJiHCTHMJuiHe wb najKecTHHl). Bo bcheomi ciy^ai, apMHHO — 
HapoAi HHAO-eBponeficsaro ceMeioTBa, jmHTBHCTH^ecEH h EyiBTypno 

COXpaHHBmift CBOD npHHaAieSHOCTB aXOft COMBi, ho BTHH^eCEH HCHH- 

xaBmiS aoboibho SHa^HxejiBHyx) npHMicB ceMHTH^ecEaro dieMenia 
(accnpiftcEaro h apaMefiCEaro) h TnpECEaro (MHAHHe, napesHe h bi 



154 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HOBMniee speiifl ocnaHCRie TypsH). KpoMi dpHBancsofi rydepHis, 
apHjiHe bcd;ij bi BeiEKoi ApueHiH noTdpajra ^GieHHoe npeodis^a- 
Bie, HO 8aT0 cejilho paonpocTpaHHiHCB h Ha lori, bi ap^bhiok) Acch- 
piH>, H Ha 3. Bx AP6BHDE) ^pHTuo. Bi* ;Q)eBH0CTH pacnpocTpaHeHie 
Bxi 6BIJI0 ropas^o orpaHH^^OHHie, ho 3a to vh cBoefi HeSojiLmbfi 

I ait OHH ChtJLVL ZOSHeBaMH H He JIOJUKHH 6U1H COaSHTeiBGTBOBaTb Cb 

qysaHaHH^ BpasA^6HUMH h HcnoiHeHHUMH Kb HHHi npespiHiH H He- 

HaBHCTH. 

ApMHHe HasHBaDTB ce6fl laiiKaHaMu no EHeHH JcerenxapHaro i^apa 
TaHRa, ocHOBaTOJifl apuHHCEaro i^apciBa. yse ne lereHj^apHHM'B i^a- 
poMi* flBiflOTCfl Tarpani I, codshhk'b nepcH^CKaro Rnpa, BificTi ci 
HHiTB BoesaBHiift B% 538 r. jifi P. X. no^i ciiHauH BasHJiOHa. B'b 
514 roA7 Jifi^'ii FHCTacnii HHSBoprb apifjenacEoe QiapcTBO h npHcoeAH- 
HHJTB El cBoeH EHneplH. KceHo^OBTb ynoMHHaeTB o6i apMflflax'B vb 
CBoeiTB OHHoaHin OTCTyHienifl AecaxH thghtb; ohh Chjtb EyjrBTypHHiTL 
seMiOAiJiB^eGEnMi h CEOTOBOA^ecEEirB HapoAOHB. nocjii HHSBepsema 
nepcHAGEofi HHaepiH AxeEcaHApoirL MaEe;(OHCEEMi, ApxemH Aoiro 
cocxaBJuiia npoBHHi(ii) rpeso-CHpiftcsoft MOHapm CeieBSHAOBB. 9jue- 
HH3aI^fl cj[a6o EocnyiacB apuAHcsaro napo^a, Eoxopsfi nocnimHJTB 

OTlOSHTBCa OTB AHTlOXiH H B03CTaH0BHTb CBOD nOIHTH^eCEYH) HOSa- 

BHCHHOCTBy EaEi ToiBso pHKiflHo pacmaiaiH tforyn^ecTBo cHpificsHrb 
rpeEOBi. 

Bi 1 50 roAj AO P. X. ocHOsaiocB bto Bxopoe apMAHCEoe i^apcTBo, 
qepesB xpH cb hoiobbhod cTOjrfcTiH nocii naAeHia nepBaro i^apcTsa. 
Sa^cb yisepAHJiacB uaAHiafl jmnifl napoHHCEoft i];apcEoft AHHaciiH 
ApcaEHAOBB, TTO rapaHTHpoaaio ApMeniH) otb saBOOBaHifl napoHHaMH 
n AABaio HiTB MoryntecTBOHHaro coDdHHEa npoTHBB PHxa h BHsaHriH. 
3aT0 HMeHHO ApueHiH uoctohhho ciyacHJia Teaipoirb boBhb MeacAy 
pBiuHHaMH H napeflHaMH. HesaBHCHMOCTB ApueHiH A^psaiacB ao 
Ti^xi nopB, OAHaEo, HOEyAa AopsaiocB napeflHCEoe BiaABraecTBO bb 
Hpani. KorAa se nepcEr CHosa bbhjeh Bopxi, HHdBoprjiH ApoasHAOB'B 
H ocHOBaiH BTopyi) nepcHACsyiD mnepiiD, TOTAa npofiHii nsuyb h bto- 
poro apMHHCEaro ]];apcTBa. Oho 6wio noAtieno uesAy BHsanrieft h 
nepcieft vb 390 r. no P. X., npocyn^ecTBOBaBB oeoio dhth cb hoio- 
BHHon CTOJiiiTift. 3a ere jAvb ao naAemn, npn ii;api THpHAaxI, apMsne 
npHHflJIH xpHcriaHCTBO. 

nocjA naAenifl nepcHACEofi MonapxiH, ApueHiH doxBmes) ^acTBD 
CTaia AOCTOHHieMB apa6oBB, soropue 8A'6cb xosHftHH^aiH ao hoiobhhh 
IX BiEa, EorAa ociafiieme EaiH^^ara h xesAoyco6iH cpeAs xycyjiB- 
MaHB [A08B01HJIH apuHHaiTB enije paaB BOscraHOBHTB nojDxrH^ecEyK) 
neaaBHCHKOCTB, nocrb ^eiEipexB cb hojiobhhoi) b^eobb nepcHACEaro 
E apa6cEaro BiaABraecTBa. 9to xperBe apiuiHCEoe ]];apcTB0, ynpaBJuiB- 
meecfl AnHacrieft BarpaxHAOBB, npocyn^eciBOBaio Bcero HenoJHfia'B 
ABa Bisa, CB 859 no 1045 r. no P. X., sorAa ApxeHiiD 3aBoeBaiB 
BHsaHTiftcEilk HMnepaxopB KoHcraHTHjaci VII. Ero npeeimnEB Hvae- 
paTop-B- PoMaHB IV y»e bi 1071 r. Bwrj^aapfiWb 6Em ycxynHTB Ap- 



;^HBBHEK'B SyPHAJTHCTA. 155 

iieHiH), KaKi> H 3Ha^HTejiBH7K) qacTB MajKoft A3iH, TypEaHx-cejEBAsy- 
KaMT». C% Tixii nop^ h ao HacTOflin;aro BpeMesH BejfHKaa ApMeiifl 
BaxoAHTCfl noA'B BjacTBD TypKOBi, HHorj^a noAnaAaa noA^ BJacTB 
jiepcijiH'B. B^ Maiofl ApMOHiH EarpaTH/^u npoAepacajTHCB b'b bha^ nojiy- 
EesaBHCHjiaro KHaaRecTfia en^e okoao Tpexi ctojAtUI. IIo niieHB Py- 
Cesa, nepBaro KHfl3a Maiofi ApMOHiH, era ;(HHaGm EasusaeTCfl Py6e- 
BiaHaMB. nocji'&AHift ea npeACTaBHren Jlesi TI 6ujlt> jczmewb npe- 
cTOJia MaiiaDOKauH vb 1375 r. no P. X. e ynepi bi 1393 r. B'b 
daoxy cymecTBOBaHUL py6eHiaHCKaro EHflseoTBa h HacejiHJiacB Maiaxc 
ApiieHifl apMflBaME, BUceJuiBmHHHCfl esi BejHRofi ApueHiB, r^i yace 
xosflfiHH^ajia TypeitRafl op;i;a. OnycTomErejiBSKrfl, flCTpetiflrejBHKA Ea- 
mecTBifl MosrojTBCKHX'B opA'B ^lEETHda, TarapcKExi opA'B THuypa, ly- 
pei^KOft opAu OcuaHJiEcoBi, Bce noo^^epepto BHA'&ia e nepesocHJia 
uec^acTEaA cTpasa, yse abbetb BtKOBi nopaSonitessas ^aflaTE^ecKEHE 

E BapBapCREME OpAaHE. TOitBSO Bl XIX Vbsb Ea^SEaDTGfl EiKOTopue 

jipofijiecKE' yjiy^meBiE. 

HcTopiE ApMOEiE, Ras'B OEa EaME BKpaTii;]^ ESioaRefla toaro ^to, 
npeAcraBJifleTCH sBrepecEox) EIJlI]DCTpaI^efi BOCTO^saro ujERjiHSMa. ?e- 
THpe i^apcTBa ocEOBaiE noo^epoAko apuEEe. Bci ^erupe csa^ajia 
6BUIE BOEECTBesBU E KoryE^ecTBeEsu, flOTOiTB npflxoABJTE BB yaaAORi 
E EE3Bepraj[ECB coctAEME, ROTopue fla BocTOR'6 Bcer^a BparE. Oee 
AOiacsH 6ujiE 6BITB BOESCTBesEu E Moryn^ecTBesEs: Esa^^e Ea Bo- 
GTORi HejKBSfl cyo^ecTBOBaTB. OsE AOJisEu 6fiUfl pasBEBaiB BoeEsyn 
cEJiy, ROTopafl ciysEjra e jiflsi' no^aBJieEiE EapoAa, js^a. yrBepa^esifl 
BiacTE rpy6aro, EefiiaKecTBeEsaro e A^cnoTE^ecRaro Bucmaro Rjiacca^ 
HcnoiEeHflaro sai^oEaAEoft e pej[flrio3EOfi EerepnEUocTE. 06i> yBROMi 
B seTepnEMOM'B saI^0EaJ[E3Mt apicflHB roBopETB en^e Tai];ETB. droTB 
Haj^oEajtESifB E B^ EacTOflE^ee BpoME ABifleTCE xapaRxepEox) ^epTOK) 
apMflscRaro EapoAa. Owb 6ui.T> npE^Esoi) oTJOseEia apMflVB otb npa- 
BOGAaBifl E o6pa30BasiE ocoSaro rperopiaECRaip EcnoBiA<iHifl[, OesB 
Bero OEE se MorjiE 6u coxpaHETBCfl bi> xe^esie a^bete BiROB^ ly- 
peniRaro Era. Ho osi> se CBEA^TeiBCTByerB, ^o aieueETii i^ERjrasMa 
E3AaBfla socEJia apuflscRaff ebj^ Tn> oepxi^ oBoeirB e vro nooi^AO- 
BaieiBEiJE naAOBiE neriipex'B apMEECREX'B rocyAapcTBi* 6wie pe3yj[B- 

TatOH'B OTEDAB EB BfltmSErO SaCEJlifl TOJTBRO, SO E BEyTpOBEeft 
BBOIDI^iE R^ BBipOSAOEiH) UpaBEUpXl RiaOCOB^ E yna^Ry EXTkCEJOI. 

ApHOEiE se 3Baia ss nojiEraMiE (tb rapenoirB, se RacTB ci> sesojiB- 

Efl^eCTBOM^, 8TEX^ CaMHXl HOryqEX-B ^aRTOpOBIi ECTOpE^eCRarO ajiJSL' 
jiESMa, so E AGCnOTESMa, Ay^OBSOft OSeKE E flaipOEaJ[BEO& ECRjrow- 
TOIBEOCTE npS SeSCROlTB SaTBOpSfl^eCTBb fl OTCyrCTBiE CBtTCRarO 

iipocBiE^esifl 6ojriie, ^itb AociaTo^so, ^toCh BiiBBaiB BHposAesie 
npaBEEi^EX'B RjiaccOBi E jjfnuaBWb oAtJiaTB 3aRoso]rB saI^osaIBsoft 
ncTopis. 8to hh e BSAEifB BB Apuesis. 

B'B 1827 ro^y Poccifl OTSEia y UepciE ^aciB BejiERot ApMesiE. 

Bb 1829 roAy R^ 8T0MyRpai> EpscoeAHsesa 6EU[a otb Typi^n efl^e 
AxaiuuxcEas oSiacTB, sa BeiflRo-apiiflscRoirb nJtooKoropis. dra pyccRaa 



156 fyCCSOJi BOrATCTBO. 

ApueiriA nocijSHia KcxoAOirb EOBoft boiss apuHcxaro BOspoiueHia. Ob 
pyccsHM'B aaBooBaHieirb, apiiaHe noxyuuHXocTjji'b ki cBfticKOMy apo- 
cBimemn, a seHopraa apiMmcRaa dtua Bunymena hb^ rjoieKea, 
Bcrynaia vb oOm^ecTBO h aa^aia npiofisqatbcfl nocienesHO Kb o6aifi- 
CTBeHfloft H 7MCTB6HHofl SE3HH. Bu±cA 6^ MOHoraioefl H OToyreKBieM^ 
pa6oTBa 8T0 AaBaJo BOdxosHocrb nocreneHHO nepepateiaib x^uLiiraEKi 
cuaA'B apxiiHCKOfi EapOAHOCTH BB sporpeceHBHut. droft iiepepa6oTKi 
H DOJioxeHo Ba^aio h h%tb ocBOBaHifl coMEiBaT&oa Bb BoaMoxHocrii 
H jk&Bie BipoaTHOCTfl Bpio6meBifl apiuiHCBoi Hai^H irb nporpeccBB- 
HOMy ^ejoBb^ecTBy, vb BoaxosHoen ea nepexin^eHiA h3i o&ucth 
HCTopH^ecEaro iiHiUHSifa bb ofiiacTb HCiopHqecsofi nporpeccHBHocTB. 
BJiaAu^ecTBO Typei^soll Hapo;(H0CTH, npo^HO cjiOBHBmeftca no Bnojrai 
sa&oH^eHHOiiy Tiny HoropE^ecKaro ipuBBifa, cjiysHTb Offaso cepb- 
esHOK) noMixoi) ysaBaHHoicy iipoi^eccy ai> cpejsfk apMaHOioft HapoA* 
pocTH, KaiPb Aoiro ciyxBio TaKoi) ase novAxoio rpeKaMi, pyioiHairb, 
cep6airb, fiojirapairb. yflpasAHOEie Typeipcaro BJiaAH^ooTBa aBuerca- 
3LE OAHBBO eAHHCTBeHBPBiirb onoco6oMi pimeHifl Bonpoca? 

BTopoD naBHOD HapoABO(rn>i> Kpaa nBJuuoTCfl, san mh aiaeirb 
yxce, sypAH, HaceiuiDiide rypei^Kyx) ApHeHis vb Toirb xe mucA npn- 
6jrH8HTejibHOy BaKi H oaxH apMUHe. B'b Maiofi ApxeHiii HX^b a&so 
6oibnie, Hoseifl apiuffb, H s^icb wb ropaxi APOBHeft AocHplH h Ha^o 
c^HTaib EXT* poABHy. OrcDAa ohh cpaBHSieibBO HOAaBBO pacnpocrpa- 

BBJIBCb B Ba lUOCBOrOplB BeJIHKOft ApneHifl, Oeo66HHO CHJbBO 8aHflBT> 

6acceAHi» 036pa Baaa. Htooropue nacaTeiB npHEHManrb Kyp^OBi^ sa 
noTOHKOBb accHpiaHi, ho ex'b HHAO-eBponeftcKifi asus'b h HH;i;o-eBpO' 
neftcsie EapoAHue BpaBU npoTEBopiqarb BTOHy MHiEix). BecbMa bos- 

MOXEO, OAHaKO, HTO nOTOHKH aCCHpiEEb BODIIE Bl» COCTBBb BypACKOft 

HapoAEocTH, npEEEVb ea asuE'b a EpaBu. IIo Kpataefi vipi oaso 
zjpjifiKoe EOJiiao aasHBaerb C66a accypana a caao oqaraerb C66a 
noTouEaaa saaMeaHTaro aapo^a, ataorAa BiacTBOBaBmaro aa^^ Bceio 
IlepeABeD Adiefi. CoMBTa^ecKaa npaxicb Jienco saici^Taa bo iiaorHX'b 
EOJK'i^Bax'b KypA0B7». Ocaosaaa paca, o^aaKo, apift^^Baa a Jiy^mie as- 
cjT&AOBaTeJia BSBOAarb RypAOBi orb Kap^yxoBb, oaacaaaHxi en^e 
Kceao^oaroHi, Bb Ti apexeaa saBmax7» aa rbxi se ropaxi a wb 
TOBTb se aojiyso^eBoiTb aacrymecKOirb 6&iTy, ci toh> so ja)6oBbi> B'b 
CBofioAt, (Tb TOD ace BayxpeaaeK) aBToaoaiefi, vb lixi se ^o^aib- 
BBixi Ejaaaxi, BoaacTBeaaux'b a aenoBopaHxi. Ha maxa Ilepcia, 
BH uapa AarioxiH, aa aimepaTopii Basaaria, aa aam^M BarAaxa, 
aa cyjiTaau OcaaaoBi aasorAa ae xorjia noxBaiaxbca A'^ficTBarenaoio 
BiacTbD aaA> BraMi* ropAuai, xpaCpuai a cBofioAOJnofiaBioi'b aapo- 
Aovb. H coBpeMeaaue aacjrbAOBaiejia, aociraBmie KypAHcraai, bae- 
aorjiracao CBaAiTeJibCTByE)n o apaBCTBeaabix'b AocToaaoTBasb aypAOBii, 
wcTOTi apasoBX, stpaocrai xpa6pocTB, 4D6Ba B'b CBo6oAi. EcihGh 
BCTopia BocTOBa aua cbobm^ ofiuqauM'b aopaAsoMi 6e8i axinia- 
TOjbCTBa Eaponu, to Vb aacroani^ee speaa, npn ocia5ieaiH ocMaa- 
cKaro rocnoACTBa a npn aoAaBJieaaooTa apaaacBaro aieaeara nocii a^ 



AHEEHHR'L TRTTEhSRCSTJL. 157 

BATH BisoBaro pa6cTBa, RypAs m ohSo h abbahcb 6a rtirB cb^shhi, 
en^e ne Hcsop^edHHirL hh paOoBiaA%HieirB, ttv pafiCTsoH'B Hapo;i;o]n>, 
icoTopufi cnoco(SeH% tiu 6iuri ffojTOBffTB K0fi6i^> fxe npomeAmeiry 
Bct CBOH npej^onpeA&ieEHHH ' eryneHit rypeipiOMy jsfiraj h m^arb 
HOBuft... Ho no^eny HaqaTb hobuA i^hstb, a h6 nporpec^HBHoe paa- 
BHTie? 

OeBo6osieHie apuxvh on T7pei9:aT0 BiaAmecTBa flBJiacrrca-jia 
oAHHcmeHHinrB cnoco6oir& npio6meak htb irb nporpeccy, — dTor&# 
Bonpoci HU saAajtH ce6t Bume. Teneps xh ero aohoiehxh ;(pyTEin», 
AOJEHCflo n osHA&TEi, "^To BHCTf niBHie Kypj^OBi* fia HCTOpvqecKoe noir- 
pnn^e SyjifiTb jisniB noBTopeHieiTB H3BtcTHttX'B aranoBi Booro^naro 
i(HEJia, EJiH BosKoasHo, ^To Ha^DiHai)n](6eOH padBvrie cnocofiao Butttn 
Ha nyTB nporpeocHBHOcTH. Bth ^Ba Bonpoca 06% apiuiHCRoirB h Ryp;^- 
cKoiTB ]ipio6n](eHiH vb nporpeccHBdo^ ^eiOBi^necTBy, r. e. ki> c^o- 
6o;^OM7, caMoynpaBifliDn^eirycii, cb^tckh irpocBtnteHHoiry ^eiOBt^e- 
cTBjy OTKasaBmeMycfl on HaiijioHaiiLHOft HeTepnHvocTH et on noA^tH*- 
HeHifl seHn^cHU, bth ^Ba Bonpoca cyrb paajTH^ouifl cTOpoHH o^Hoft 
H Toft 86 :ErcTopH?ecROft npofiieiiMii h etb 7Ao6ho 6yAen pasoKOTp'&Tb 
coBU'i^oTHo. HaqaBmeeofl cfflrrcKoe npocB^iaeHie apiiflH^ h Ha^aB- 
meecfl ooBo6os;(eHie apifflficRoft »6hiiihhii, o6a nponecca, HawBinieoa 
e^Ba mecTbjsfiCBTh jrtn TOMy HasaA^, noABEHyncB o^EaRo HacroJiBRO, 
^TO BnoAH'b AORaaajts cbod sH3Hecnoco6HO0T&, obod ciioco6hogtb Kb 
paafiHTiiD, a BTO H js^MTb HaMii ocEOBanie ji;sa. Ht^esAH, ^0 apicflH* 
CRift HapoA^, xoTtf H npoHcnojiHeHHatt eme HaiiioRaiBHoft HerepmnfocTBH) 
H Bi dTofl H6TepiiHitocTH coxpaHflDiQifi cbneva BupoacAems h ipR- 
jiH3Ma, MoaRen rbMi He nenie pase^BTHBaTb Ha lyqnryio 6yAyn^ocTB, 
Ha nepepafioTRy no nporpeccHBHotfy THny. HeTepnaxooTb h sgrir)- 
qHTeJUHOCTB ffijcKBu ycTyHaTB nepeAi cHJiot npooBin(6Hifl, usmb 6u 
8T06 CHJii HO uimajiH HefijiaronpiflTHUfl BHinmifl yciOBifl. XpHoriaH- 
cRafl pejinm, ocBfliaaiDntaH MOHoraidD H AonyoRaDn^aa CBiTCRoe 
MUHTJieHie, coxpaHHJia apMAHairB ciMena BOsposAeniir, RoxopuH h na- 
nduin paBBHBaTBCfir, RaRi* tojibro xoth neiiHoro yjiyqniEXHCB BHimMla 

yCJIOBlH. 

nHoe coGTOflHie bhahitb iiiz y RypAOBi. HeHcnopqeHHue pa6cTB0M'B, 
coxpaHHBmie npooroTy h qncroTy npaBOBTb, coxpaHHBinie HaiiioBaiBHyD 
H oCmHHHyD GBo6oAy, coBepmesHo ^sAHe naipoHaiBHOft hcrj[K)?h* 

TeJ[BH0CTH, ho odieAHHeHBHO ^yBGTBOlTB Hai^lOHaJIBHOft COJIBA^PHOGTH, 

KypAH BO Bcix'B BTHXi oTHomeHlJEExi c^acTJiHBO OTJEH^aiDTCH On ap- 
tfflH'B, a 6oraTO OAapdMHHe on npirpOABf, ohh iiorjrtf 611 hit&tb ne- 
peAB C06010 catfus Gffbixwi nepeHORrnticr, ocjih 6h ho HisiaiTB, ro- 
Topuft ohh HCDOBiAyH)n H ROTopiit jiBJifl6TCH caicoK) Jiy^mex) rapan- 
Tieft i^HRjiH^HdcTH, cn^ofi BtpHot HOHtxofi Hporpeccy. HcxaH'B HMien 
HBHajio npeHMyn^ecTB'B, ROTopHfl npHBHSHBaiDn Kb Heuy ero nocjit- 
AOBaTeiefi h o6e8ne?HBaK)n HapoAHua iiacGH on BupoacAOHifl. He 
OAHaziCAK yRasuBEJKH Ha ofiflsaTejfbHyE) TpesBOOTB MyGyjUbManB h npoA- 
SHcaHHyio HiTB onpflTHOCTB, RaRi Ha 6oiBmifl npeHMyn^ecTBa HoiaHa. 



158 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Emfi BasHie AeMORpaTH^ecRoe paBescTBO, jBaKOHOHHoe KopaHom, h 
coBepmeBHoe BurpaBieme naipoHaifisHa cpeAH MycyiBMaffL. Bi icy- 

CyjlBlfaHCKOft CTpaHi lArb H H6 MOSeTB 6iITB HE COCIOBHOft, HZ Ha- 

ii;ioHajQ»HO& posHH. Bck MyoynofaHe paBSU fle toibeo nepe^i Boroirb, 
HO H nepeA^ seMHHMH BiacxaiiH. Hirb he pa6oBi, he napieBii, he 
npesEpaeMun RacTB, he npeBEpaemm HauioEaiBHOcreK. Kas^uft 
MycyjTBMaHBEi 6paTB no penriE xaxAOMy icycyjiBMaEEsy e ai6aHi]H, 
xypKE, qepKecs, sypAH, 6eAyHEU OAHHaKOBO npeAanu oSn^eiiy nycyjifc- 
MaflCKOMy orenecTBy, o^EHaKOBO npESHaDTCE HoiHonpaBEUME e paBHO- 
npaBHUMH, OAHsasoBo nojnsyirrcfl BsaEKEUirB yBasesievB e OAEEa- 
KOBO npesEpaDTB fle MycyiBMaHCKyD pafii). TAt me HirL arott ot- 
Beprsyroft e 6e8iipaBH0tt pafin, naceieHie noiBsyercE noisuirb ao- 

MOKpaXEHeCKEirB paBeHCTBOM^ H COBepmeHHOfi BSaBMHOCTbD E COXE- 

AapHOCTBD. 9to OTcyreTBie paficxBa, KacTB e EanioflaiBSOft HorepnE- 
MOCTE flBJuercfl ly^unex) rapaflrieft ajui uaccH npoxEBi BupoauesiH 
fl AeHopajiE3ai];ifl. Ho yse vb toibeo ^to OTM'l^eEHux'B oTHomeHlflxi* 
ET> He MyoyjBMaHCKOt pafti lerKo ycMorpiTB aieKeHTU Bupoa^OHiE h 
AeHopaflH8a^iE. Fa^ nEoroqECieBHO ooA^EHesEoe Mycyjn>NaHaHx ne- 
MycyjiBMaHcsoe Hacejesie, TairB nojuyqaerB mflpoKoe pasBEiie pa6cTB0, 
pa6oBJiaAtflie, yrHerenie^ HepaBencTBo, EerepnExocTB. Ste ^aKTOpu 
BuposAeHifl KopeEETca OAEaso vb oamix'B ocEOBaxi Eciaxa, EBJiEDTCfl 
npoflSBOAEHXH 0TB stEOTopiirB cyn^ecTBeEHurB oco6eBHOOTefl xycyiB- 
MaECRaro CTpofl, ocoGeHHOcrefi, AOUopaiEsynmEXi e AorpaAEpynn^EXB 
MaroHeTaECRie napoAU e TorAa, RorAa bi> exx cocTaB*! stTB paftE. 

OfiuRHOBeHEO yRassBaDTB Ea ^aTaiESiTB, RaRT* na flpE^EEy nycyiB- 
MaHCiLoft RocEOCTE. Honas OTpEi^aTB BBa^eHie ^^aiaiESMa, ho ho cjrfc- 
AyeTB ero upeyseiEqEBaTB. BcnoMHEirB, tto ^aTym 6uxb oosobod 
pexEriosHaro HipoBOSBpinifl ap^bhex'b rpoROBi e pEiuuurB, ROTopue 
nepBue Aara idpy npEMipB nporpeccEBHaro Tsna n;EBEiE3aiUH e 
npojTOXEJur vh btoitb OTHomeBiE nyrE e coBpeMOHHOKy eBponeficROMy 
HeioBi^ecTBy. He 3a6yAeirB, irro e RaxBBEHEairB npoBoarjacEiB Aor- 
MaTB npeA0Hp6Ati6HiE, ho, roeocto, eerto fle iaaoBeTB rouaEAi^eB'B e 
^paHi^yscREXB niBefiii[api^eBi BapoAom*, ocyacAeHEHXi> na rochoctb h 
BiipoasAenie. B% tomb oiy^a'b, RorAa pexsriosHoe MHmieBie noRpu- 
BaerB coQod Bce Ha^ioHaIBHoe iramieHie e EBifleTCflpyROBOAETexeM'B 
Bcixi deMHuxi A^'B, rocyAapcTBeHHUxi, o6n^ecTBeHHux'B e qacTHSx^, 
yneHie o npoAonpeA'&iesiH mosotb oociysBTB o^ohb onacnyH) cxyx6j, 
HO wb BToiTB cjiyqat oho Rox6EHEpyeTB CBoe Ai^ftcTBie (tb BiiflHiein. 
nepepasBExifl AyxoBnaro aBTopETera, noAaBEBmaro bchroo cBiTCROo 
npocBini^eHie, BCERyi) RpETERy, bceroo tbop^octbo. 9to to cocToasie 

HOAHOfl Ay^OBHOft OnORH S EBJIEeTCH rxaBHOD OCHOBHOK) HpHMB- 

HOD ROCEOCTE E BuposA^HiE, a ^^aTaiESiTB iHinB ycEJutBaoTB ero 
sBaqenie. 8to se cocTOflHie noiHott Ay^OBEofl oneRE n ecxB ochob- 
Hoft 3aR0HB Eciava. niflpoRafl apa6cRaa ^asTasiE a^^^ bi Ropast 
OTHbTB Ha B&b ^HioGO^ORie, HayqHue h oGn^ecTBeHHue BonpocEi e ho 
OGTaBEjia xftcTa a^ npOAOJnReHia yMCTBenHoft sh3ee, a^ ^EJioco^^iE, 



AHBBHHSX SSrPHAIHGTA. 159 

HajKH H saKOHOAaieiBCTBa. BiunejKasaHHiiUi npenirymecTBa 9CJiaua 
(AeMOEpaTH^eoKoe paBOHCTBO h ynpaaxHeHie nai^oHaiBHOt seTepoH- 
HOCTH), BMicTfi iTB daxaH^HBHMH otiiTaME MaroKBTOBa paa, odesne- 
^HHaro npaBOBipHOicy MjoyiBKaHHHy, Birbori ci HHoroBisoBOK) ipa- 
j^i^ieft H HHOroffbKOBfiurB BUTpaBjeHieirB HaBfiiKOBi> sphthbr h yir- 
oTBeHHaro TBop^ecTBa, odesne^HBaDTB Hcxany npexaHHOCTB Hapo^i;- 
mxL'b Macci, HO ctojcbko ase o663ne«Bai)TB jMCTBeHHyi) HonoABHs- 
HOCTB, OTcyrcTBie spHTHHeoKoft H TBopqecsoft MUCiH, OTcyrcTBie p6JK)p- 
MaTOpCKOft A'^TeiBHOCTH, CJOBOITB OTCyTCTBie ii;iiecoo6pa8HocTH H Top- 

secTBO ecrecTBeHHuxi npoi^eccoB'B, saBi* ohh mhod oiep^eHU bt» 
nponuoMX Jj^ueemmb^ iipoii;eccoBi BupoEAeHifl h yna^Ka. 

OrcyrcTBie oBixcKaro npocBin^eHifl h coBepmeeHoe Hc^esHOBeHie 

TBOpneCKOfl H KpHTHHeCKOfi MUGAH flBJIfflDTCH K CaVH HO Cedi BUOJIH^ 

;i[OCTaTO?HOE) npHiHvoD HGTopE^ecsaro niHiuiHBHa, ho HCjraMi* ne orpa- 
HH^BBaeToa yiBepsA^dirB aroro oxHoro ^aRxopa ceorecTBeHHOCTHy. 
Qwb ooBflmaeTB noiHraidi) oi rapenoiTB, Kasx ysaKOHeHHyi) 4^opMy 
ceHBH, H BoeHHufi i^ecnoTBSiTB, KaKB HpeAHHcaHHyK) peiHiieft ^opiiy 
npaBJEOHifl. KasAoft hbi bthx'b npHUffB, jsfixid ota^ibho Bsarofi, 
BHOJEHi AOOTaTo^oio jifl& ooBopmeHHaro BsiposAOHifl h ;^euopajiH8ai(is 
npaBHHiEX'B uaccoBi. R'b lOMy se, Kas'b a crapaxoa noxaaaTb vh 
nponuovB XneeHUKib^ Bexerb h rocnoAOTBO habh H36paHH0CTH, haoh^ 

GT0J[b CBOSOTBeHHOft MyoyJlbMaHCKOKy idpOBOSptaiX). Ecu npHtoBHlTB 

yse ynoESHyroe pacriiBaioni^ee BjdHHie cosExeiCbOTBa o% nopafion^eH- 
HOD H npeBHpaeMOH) paSet, BJiiflHie ^^TaiHBKa h ^aHaTE^ecKyn 
BpaxAefiHOCTb zn> Enpoiii, ej^raoTBeHHOfi HocHrejBHHitb nporpeccHB- 
Huxi ^opM-B 6uTa, TO 6ABa-j[H jifixib caMoo OHTHMHOTH^eosoe nacrpoe- 
Hie ocraBHTi y nacib csojoko HH6yAB HaAOSiwi Ha bobhoshoctb ne- 
pepaCoTEH MycyxucaHOKOfi KyxBTypH no esponeScKOMy iiporpeccHBHOMy 
THny. HiKOToptiH ysasaHHHfl npoHiiyniecTBa HCJiaMa oxpaHflBTB Ha- 
poAHua xacGu otb BiipoaueHiH Tam, r^^ MycyiBxaHOKoe Hacojieme 
HacTOAKo vcieHHo npeo6iiM(a6TB, ^o pacTiiBan^ee BiiaHie yrae- 
TOHifl tiesnpaBHOft patn h rocnoACTBa ho hm'^otb bobhoshogth cBasaTBCfl 

Bl CKOJtbEO HH6yXB BaMiXHOlTB MaCHITaftb, a no TOfi S6 HpHHHHi^ 

(BCjii;(CTBie orcyicTBifl tiesnpaBHaro Haceienia, y Koroparo Boer^a 

HOSaO OTHflTB SOHH^HHy) H HOJUETailiH HO MOSOTb SaXBaTHTB HapO^- 

HHfl xaocH. 3a to ^paBfl^^e uiaooH HaxoAOToa vb yciOBiitxi^ Kas'B 
6h HapouTO coBxaHHHX'B Au BiipoaweHiH: h noiHraidH, h paSoBia- 
AftHie, H AeoHOTHBiTB, H coBepmeHHafl AT^OBHafl onesa, h ^^axaiHSici, 
H caMomrfcHie H86paHH0GTH. H fftficTBHxei&Ho, npaBsn^e uaoou Typ- 
i^, nepciH, ByxapiH, Maposso HaxoASTOs bi oogtohhih noxHaro bu- 
posAOHJa H yna^Ka. yMCTBOHHaii BflJiocxb, ^AOBHHtHaa nopo^HocTB, 
no^TH noromoBHaanpoAasHOGTB, noiHoe orcyrcxBie HHHiUaTHBU, j^aaa- 
TH^ecsoe HOB'bacecTBeHHoe cauoiurlHief ishbocib i BipoioiccTBo, xaRi* 
secTORo xapaKTepHByiorB Bci HafizDAET^u a HBOJiiAOBaTeiH MycyiB- 
icaacKaro BocroKa ero npaBan^e h rooHOAcxByDnue siaccu, ho 
oco6eHHo npaBaiD[ie h rocnoACTByK)nu6 uaccu Typiqa. Bi btomi 



160 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

OTHomemH Vh EBponi jme wbn ffijvb Mff^Bii: HEicaRas pe- 
$opMa HeBosMoaena, EoiOMy tto BciiKas pe^opHa wb pjRaxx Ty- 
pei^Kofi aAtfHHHCTpai4fl 6j]5fivb jrjcmwb SBjRoifB. Bospos^teHie bos- 

HOSHO HIE nyxeiTB, CBOftCTBeHHHM'B BOCTOKJ, HJTeillb noprflTill H31 

coxpaHHBmflfxcfl eme HapOAHuxi rjiyfiEffB hobsixi cBiacHxi Hacjoe- 
Hifi, EOTopufl -EMnjTb HOBSfi i^Eiorb, UH 86 nyxevi n;iiecoo6pa8HO 
HatipaBJie:BHot 8B0ID^iH ki nepepa^OTK'b no nporpeccHBHOiiy thuj. 

ApMflHCKift Bonpoei Dpn,2p:^ecKH cos^aH^ CaHi-CTe^aHCKHiTB Aoro- 
BopoiTb 19 $eBpaja 1878 rofla, a aaTfatt Bomea^ h vb aHoo-Typen- 
Rys) EOHBeHQiD Toro 86 roAa h bi camit BepmscKlft TpaRrarB. 
CaHi-CTe^HGitift ;^oroBopi» BuroBopnjii apHflHaifb caMoynpaBJ![eHi6 h 
paB6HCTB0^ rapaHTEpoBaHHoe cocraBoirB iipoBHH]^ajn»Haro ynpaBJieHis 
H opraHHsai^efl xpncTiaBi^KOS acaHjtapiiepiE. BasBDUirB nocxaHOB^ 
j[eHi6]rB 6BIJI0 OAEaKO Tpe6oBaHie, ^to6u p6$opMH 6ujih bb6- 
AeHH np6ai^e o^niii;eHifl apsepyncKaro BHjra86Ta pyccRHHH soficRauE. 
3to rapaBTHpoBaio BB6A6Hi6 pe^opirB no RpaSnefi vfbpb STOiry BHiafi- 
6Ty. AHrjro-Typ6i];Raflr ROHBeei^ noBTopnia rb S6 TpeGoBasifl, paeirpo- 
crpasflia exb Ha js;pjvi& npoBBH^lH asiaTcsoft Typi^E, nocraBHia 
noA'B ROHTpojiB aHTJdicREX'B areHTOB'B H nOjT^ 0THHH ycjTOBijmE ra- 
paHTHpoBajta cyjrraHy HeitpERocHOB^HHOctB 6ro aBiHTcRsxi Bjra^ilHift, 
ofiin^aff Birlcii ei Tiirs yiri^pHTB pyccRia TpefioBaHia vb AsiH. AHrjiE 
Ha 6epjrHHCR0M% Ronrpecci c^epxaia cboh o6in^^&ifl. Ona Hacroua 
Ha coRpamteHiH pycoRExi npio6piT6Hit Vh BejHRoS ApMBHiE; Baa- 
36rB, AjEanmeprb, Aanp's, 3ebhh7>, A€fi6-BoK)HH'B 6wlb. BOSBpanteEH 
TypRaMi, ys6 OTRasaBniHHCfl otb hhxi no CaHi-GTe^aHCRQMy Aoro- 
Bopy. He VBttie 66pt;e8H06 sHa^esie EHtio e nocraHOBiesie, no ro- 
Topoiry Poccia o^Eiitajia epsepyHc&iB BE2aA6in> nA bosroS saBBOE- 
MocTH on np0BeA6Hifl pe^opirb, RbTopHE Bsimi 6wLn mxb eorpobh- 
TeiBCTBO Bd6ft Espoitii. TaREiTb o6pa3oirB, rapasrifl pyccRofi oRRyna- 
ipE 6£uia yHE^iToseHa H ^aotb crpaHu, ytte ocBo66aMeHHoft H3% noA% 
Typeii;Raro BiaffsraeoTBa, fiuid, BosBpaiqeEa TypRaiTB. 06in;aH rapaHriH 

EBpOlTH E CE6I^aJ[bHiIf ROHTpOJIB ABTJdE AOJnRElEI ChIE daillHBTB 

apMEHaiTB 8TH np6EHyii^beTBa CaHi-CTe^aHCRfliro AoroBopa. Mea^y 
T^Mi TypQtfl, sanisaTEBi atojnraanairB &a ax'b coA$ft<STBi6 RsnpoM'B, a 
aBcrpifif^aiTB — BocHi6fl e Tepi^eroBEEOt, o^HTajia cedfl HORBEraBineiocE 
CB CBOEME EORpoBErejiBSEi^aHE, a noci:aROBX6HiE 66piEHeRaro TpaR- 
Tara o p6$optfax'B Vb ApM6HiH e MaR6A0HiE npEiE^Eoft AdRopai9eft, 
Bi po^i Tixi, ROTopHE OHa y86 Ee OAHascA^i BuoraBJEJta Elpy, Bcfc 
8TH raTTE-mepE^^H e rarrH-ryMHaftDSH. EBpona, OAEaRO, no EHEii;ia- 
TflF& FjiaACTOHa, noEpo60Baia «6hj[o Bib 1880 ro^y HacroflTs sa bh- 
nojraeElE Typei^REX'B oGin^asifii SaTiflHa Gnjia ^iiait oSmHpflaa av* 
njTOEaTE^ecRaa nepeancRa; EEoaiECB eotbi, e TosAocrrBeHHUE, h roji- 
JieRTEBEiZfl; nopTa ornECUBaiacB h eo CRynEJ[acB giobochbime oStn^a- 



AH£BH£K1> SCyPHAJEHCTA. 161 

HiflHH. MuciB npH6irHyTB ki noHyAHrejOiHiiMi MipaH'B co ciopoHu 
coeAHHeHHot Esponu ne Bcrpi^THJia coHyBCTBia wb Be^JooA, Btsi h 
IlapHsi. ConameHie He coctoaioob h see ocTaxocL no orapoiiy ao 
1894 roAa, Kor^a pasHeciacB b^ctl o caocyHCEoft pk9wb. 8to Asuieso 
He nepBaa h BtpoflTHO He uoeAjiflHs ptsHH xpHciiaHCKofi pafin. Bb 

OptOM^ TOJIBKO XIX BiKt E CUiafl TOIBEO tI pi3HH, EOTOpHH CTOHJIH 

6ojAq 10 Tuc. ATHTB, $p. rpHRi, aMepHRa&CKift HHCoioHepB, onpexi^ 
juerb oitAyx>n];ie BTorn: 

Bb 1822 r. h3(Shtu rpesH, oco6eHHO bb Xioci .... 50,000 

> 1850 » HecropiaHi^u z apuHHe bb KypARCTaH^ • 10,000 

V > 1860 » MapOHHTU H CHpifil^IBBjlHBaH&HAaMaQK'l 11,000 

» 1876 > 6oj[rapH bb Bojcrapin 10,000 

> 1894 > apHHHe bx ApiceHiH, Caocynt . . • • 12,000 



HToro 93,000 



8th iQi4»pu yBasHBaiOTB na pas^pu yaoiuHyTEiXB paarpoicosB. 

HBSeOliAyDHUH HSBaeiOEiH OdBaCHHDTB nOBOAB, HO EOTOpOMy OHH 
npOH80HUH» H Cn0006u, EOTOpUHH; OHH HpHBOXeHil 6WLE Vb HC- 

oonHOHie. 

IlepBoe HBBxewHie KacaexeH rpevoBB: 

«yAapB 6ujrB BaAynaHB sapaHie. CyjrraHB MaxMyAi» hh'Iib o0l[E- 
BOBenie OTB^qaTB Ha Kasj^uft yoa'lxB rpeveoKHiB noBctaHKeBB npH- 
sasaHieMB, ^to6u bb deaaaniHTHux'B irkcTHocrax'B, vjA He fiujio hh- 
Koro, Bpojfi seHiUHHB, js/kreit h 6680((hahhxb sym^oBB, HpoHSBeAeflB 
6wn> paBrpoMB; npH btoub acHTeu noABeprajTHCB HacmdHMB h yBO- 
j^hjuhcb bb pafioTBO. noGAi nepBoft nodi;^ Kanapnca, MHpHttK Top- 
roBiift ropoAB CHAOHiH 6ajch HeiceAxeHHo cosaseHB. Typei^Kit a^ME- 
pajB 6jasb pasdETB bb CaMOcA; no drot npH^uiH'i na KHnpi bb to- 
'lenle 30 AHofi npoHdBOXHiacB pteHfl. RorAa IlaiBEapB bbhjib ropo^B 
TpEEOjnaty bb Mopei, sHrejoi EacoaKApu bo OpasiH fiujur OT^aHH 
HiafisaHB apnayTOBB. CyjrFaHB noxeiaiB dpehhtb hobbut peiipeecHB- 
HUH vfbpa, ^to6h TeppopHSHpoBaxB pa&n. Oh<b miin oeroposHocTB ne 
ocxaHOBHTB GBoero Bii(H>pa Ha RpHTfc, noTOMy ^ro TaHi» ero HEaairb 6sucb 
6h BCTp^eHB pyacefiHSHH BHcipiiaHH. XiooB npeAcxaBiflJCB JierEyx) ao* 
(bray; HaceieHie ocxpoBa HH^ero He QOAoapbBaso, noTOMy ^to BcerAa 

HaXOAEIOCB B'B ZOpOfllEX'B OTHOmOHiEXB CB IIopTOfi H JlflkTBLQ OTSaSa- 
lOeB DpEHHTE y^aCTiO BB B03CtaHiE 3jl2aAH H OCTpOBOBB. XlOTH BCOFAa 

dsuai caifEiMH yGiyauHBUifH, nosopHMHH h Cohb^hbuhh esb Bcefi paftn. 
TaftHUfl otiH^ecTBa, HHTaBrniHCH ooahhtb rpeqecEit napoAB, He yAO- 

CTOEJIH Al^Se C006^HTB 8TEMB OOTpOBETHHaMB CBOE npOOETU HapOA* 

Haro BoacTaHifl. 8 Mas 1821 roAa HeycTpamHMufl TonfiaaflCB cb 15 
SpHraiNi EffB FaApn h 10 nncyEaME esb neapH, HoaBBJicfl nepcAB 
oeipoBOHB, HO TEEB saEB oro HaxpiOTB'secEia npeAiosefiiH 6hih Aypno 

UpBHETU, TO OHB yAEIHICE. XeTOJIE XlOCE, SeJiafl A^TB EOBtZfl AOEE- 

saiejiBOTBa cBoet nosopHocxEi nocjiajiH xypsaHB 6ojiBmk oyMMH a^- 

H 4. OTAiiis n. IX 



.162 PyCCikOE BOrATCTBO. 

HerB, KHoro saioxHOKOFB H Bce CBoe opyxie: y hhtb 6iuh OTo6pasii 
Aase icazeHBxie hose, KoropmiH ohh ptkyrb ui6%. Bi aro hii6hho 
Bpejia, Ha Ilacxy 1822 r., Kanarasi-nama 6poGimflKopb vb 6yxrt, 
ci 7 cyAaifB h b ^peraiaMH. Taxi Ran MHozectBO XHTexei, Hony- 
ntHHuxx BHAOiTB 8Toro ^^oia. yGlxaio bi ropu, to etl sepHyiH, 
ofitn^aa hmi» 663onacflO(rrB h ompaBUi ki hhmx Hixoropux^ xoHcy- 

JIOBls XOTOpue 6UIH HaCTOXLKO UpOCTH, ^rrO AOfipOCOSftCTHO nOSBOXEXH 

BOBieu oete bt» arorb rsycHuft o6iiaHi. Typeipcift aAnpan npn- 
Bejn» (TB co6oS naiaqefi, EHeHHo 6aiiiH-6y3yKOBi hsi PyiceiiHf 8eS6e- 
KOBi H DpyKOBi H3i» Maxoft AsIh. CotipaiocB TaKse ho Maio HCKa- 
TOieft npHKjnoqeHiS, npHBie^eHHUTB sa^^oS ao6hu h CoraTCTBau 
cTpaHH, H3o6HJiyDmet xii6oirB z aoxoTBaiH xoHeraKE h cxaBflmeflca 
sesn^HHaMH. B'b HasHa^eHHuft AXfl aroro a^hb bocb dtotb cCpoAT* 
c&rb B'B lOAKH^ BoopyseHHufi nBCTOjieTaiiH h sosaMH, e sari^irB Ha- 
qaiacB pisHfl. JiflOi MHonDCB lypoK'B 8T0 E86ieHie ebjuuocb ho 6ojrle sarb 
rpaHjiiosHOD myncott, EcnoiHHCKEirB €6aKiiiHni6irB». Ohh pIsaiH h 
xva ickiuft a6bb; a Be^epoiTB^oAcuTHBaiH i^ny pa6oFB| obo^b e 
K03i>, sarnaHEHrB Bir&cTb vb nopyraHHua i^epsBH. AiTH h xeHn^Hu 
EsOtraiH GMepTH; moioaoctb h spacoia onaoaiH vxi> otb H36i6Hifl, 
HTo6i ofipe^ EiH nosopHoiiy HacHJdx) hxh nocruAHoi ynacTH rapeM- 
Haro cyQ^ecTBOBaHiii. Hn yBOAHiH a^hhehmh BepeHHi^aMH^ Bucras- 
jifliH Ha pHHEaxx H npoAaBaxH Ha dasapan CMHpmi, KoHCTaHTHHo- 
HOXH H Bpyccu. Bcfi OKaauBaBinUi conpoTHBienie (Sesnoni^aAdo y6HBa- 
jiECB. B% Mecrb oxna xoiOAaa A^BymKa KpHuxa h 6opoiacB cb ap- 
HayxoM^; neroAflfi oxBaran ee sa pacnyoTHBmiecH boioch, oTKHHyn 
HasaAi* roiOBy h oTAiuxB ee cafijiet otb TyioBHOvt, jUju^o, ouhcu- 
BaBmee dry ci^eHy, 6iuo ea 0^eBHjU](evB». 

OTHocHTeJiBHO H36ieHifl Heciopiani^eBi vb 1850 tqjsj JlaftapA'b ro- 
BopHTB, qro no yHepn^BxeHiH 9.000 neioBiE'B cLOOO uyswH%, »h- 
nuiHi H jilbtei oapflraxHCB wb ropHBCCB Micraxi. Bej^epv^aHTB-fierB, 
o$Hi];epi», saHHvaBmift bhahhS hoctb na ciys6i y cyjrraHa, He 6y- 
Ay^H vb cocTOHHiH BSflTB HpHCTyHOH'B yxpinjieHie, OKpysEjnb ero v 
BusAan, nosa ocaa^AOHHue ho