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Full text of "RZapiski"

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/363 



1^ .UI^OOjS ^, 




3AnHCKH 



IMnEPATOPERArO 



HOBOPOCClBCKArO JHHBEPCHTETA. 



Toirb BlOpoft. 



^•».^>/\^S^\^\^k*\^^ 



• / 




BimycsB 1—6. 



onsooA, 

wb THnorpA^n n. •pabiioba. 

1868. 






ttctiarano no onpeAtJienin ('oBtTa HNiiEPATOPCKAro IIoBopoccittcKaro 
yiiHiiepcHTCTa. 

CeKpeiapb CoobTa B. Opjioea. 



OoAepmame. 

CTp. 

1) Arejio-AKOBi-BjiaAicjaBi h nepBoe eoepueHie Ihtbu ci Ilojibmeio, 

MancTpa M. CmpHOBa 1 — 259 

IIpHjoxeidfl 1— 41 

2) Hscji^AOBaHie ABHseuiH njaHCTu Whohu, jianicTpa 1. 6. BepieBiqa 1 — 64 

3) 4eHesnuft puHORi bi PocciR on 1700 ao 1762 ro^a, RaiiAiAaTa 
IlaTjaeBCRaro 65—- 284 




n-wum 



M 



nEPBOE C0E4HHEHIE JIHTBU CI nOJILIIIEIO. 



r\^\^\^\^s.^\ 



M. CMHPHOBA. 



BOXynjIEHIE. 



BopeHHoe jihtobckoc niemn , RaK7> jfpjmm npeAnojiaraTb, 
BecbMa iieHHoroqncjieRHoe, naceJiHJio He6ojii>moe npocTpaHCTBO , 
BOTopoe oTxi^jniJiocb oTh poffineEEUVh jfHTOBi^aM'B, npyccoBi, ce- 
MHrajiOBi n RypoiiOBi» n^emjm/LMni jrtcaMn, nH3HHaMH h ptBaHH, 
resyqiiMH Bi 6ojiothctiiIXi Geperaxi n co Bctxi Apyrnxi ciopoHi 
conpHBacajocb d* nocejieniflHR cjiaB&H'B^ MaaypoBi h pyccEnxi, 
npeiiHyinecTBeHRO RpHBHqetl 9to neSojibinoe npocTpancTBo bi rjy- 

60K0ft ApeBHQCTH AtjIRJOOb HB ^eTEipC VaCTH HJIH oSjaCTH! 77(6- 

jiff3iH^ mwiHY pftfiaMH Dejydoft, Jl^nxBoft, IRiisiiofi, h Gou^ett, 
HepoMa jifljAe Kh BnjiiH ao HcBtasH, ovb HeBtSH na boc- 
TOKit, CO BKJUQ^eHieMi craparo BHJibKOMnpcKaro noBtxa, AyKcmeme 
HM BepxHHfl JiHTBa , B <facTb , oSpaiqcHHafl ri Hopia JiHTBa 
HHSHflfl (^omakia Zieme ujih Zmojdz) hjih XMgdh. Haceieeie 
nepBini Tpex% noqiH TossAecTBeHBo n no ocoGeHHOCTflMi 6uTa h 
no H3iiRy,SiiyA& ffpeACTaBJiaerb ropasAO 6oii&e oijinqitt h HMi^erb 
CBoe ocoSennoe naptqie. SanepTaa na cteepi^ h 3anaA% pm^a- 
pHMH H nojibmefo, JlRTBa ecTOcroeHHO ne norjia pacmnpflTbCfl 

Wh Ti CTOpOHU, 3a TO BOCTOR^ R H)rL GeIJIH JiJOL Hefl OTRpUTbH 

pasxopUi o6e30HjniBaBmie pyccRnxi RHflseft, TaxapcRoe hfo, 
TflrorftBDiee HaAi> napoAon e noSyiRAaBmee ero ri nepesiibHft 
cBoero noJioaReflifl , o6jierqajrn jurroBCRia saBoeBanifl na PycH. 
BaftH'&ftnii& irai nnxi OTHOCflTca ro BpeMenn FeAHMnna h OJb- 
repAa. Ohh aoGiuh IIhhcri, BhtoScri , Hoioi^vl, Mehgri, 6e- 
pecTbe, BojTMHb, Kiea^ c*b ?epHHroBUMi>, CtBepcRomi h Bpa- 
iVaBOM'B T. e. BCH) yRpaMny 3a OqaRoa^ ao ^epnaro Mopa n 



- 2 — 

OTL OyTHBifl Ao JifiEa. Ha ci^BepoBOCTOKt JHTOBCRoe rocy- 
ppcTBo npH6j[H3HJiocb Kii rpaHHi^aMii HoBropoxa h IIcKOBa, mb 
nocTafiUO bth ropoAa noA'B cubHoe Bjuame reAHMHHOBHqefty a 
saBoeBame y laTap'b OoaoiIh npHGaBHJio Kb J[htb6 Soraiyn, Te- 
ByjiiyK) MeAOMi h MieKOMi, o6jiacTb. IIpHci^AHHeHie Bpiuia no 
Bceft Bi^poflTHOCTH 6ujio BpoveHHiUTb; no cjioBan'b HBBtcinaro 
HnxajioHa, cjutobi^u, ocboSoahbi napoAU, 3eMjH h npftnocTH 
pyieHCRifl oTb nra Taiapi h SacnanoBi, pacnpocrpamjni CBoe 
BJaAU^ecTBo orb Mopa caHorHxcnaro , m6 naBUBaeica Sanifl- 
CKHHi, Ao noma BBKCHHCKaro, TA^b ycTbe JI^Hi^npa h ao npoAt- 
AOBi Ba jaxin, ffijtotk pnncROit nojioHin, sanaBi seiUH BOJUUCRyiOi 
RiefiCEyio, ctBepcsyn h CTonn ao rpanni^ Tebphau h ToBan- 
cnaro nepeaosa qpes'b /l[H6npi»... no n wb TaapnA^ pacnpocrpa- 
HUH cboh BJiaAfiHia : Aocejfi (i. e. bi XYI BtsA) cyn^eciByioTii 

TBMl rOAHMBHOBU H BhTOBTOBU BBJUI , XOIMU, BOAOAI^U) HOCTU, 

Aoporn, pau, Jiarepn h ciiHU, paarpoHjennufl opyAian Ty- 
BOMi^eBi, a HHUfl padpymoHHUfl a&bo naiEanH J[htobi^6bii». ' 
nocjii^AHifl cioaa MnxaioHa othochtch paaao ii HockobIh h hi 
TaapHA^) aeirb noqeny paAoni cb BHTOBXoH'b, Koioparo no- 
xoAU na Bpuirb HecoMntHHU, noH'bqeH'b reAHMHH'b, HHEOiAa ne 
OuBaamitt Bb Kpuny. Oqenb cxpaHHO, qTO Mfliaioffb ho roao* 
pHTb o6i OjbrepAfi, KOTopuft aaaii XepcoHi n onycromui 
BpuMi Kb 1363 roAy. 

Hsi dxoro RpaTsaro oqepKa pacmnpeiiifl JIhtbu oqeBmno, 
qio rjaanaa ea cua daBuoqajacb vb pyccKHXi o(MacT8x% 
n pyccROHii napOAfi, coOcTaeHHaa JbTBa Horia coo6nuiTb oqenb 
ne MHoroe au amreficsHxii yAoGcxai caoero nacejenia: tin* 
TQWfn^ roBopHx:b l^iyronnb, AOBOibcxayacb hacomi* ahkhxi aat* 
pett H puGi}, npeaeSperaioxi seiueA&iieHii h h&bwb^ qxo no- 
sexib cj[ysHXb A<ifl noibsu n yAoScxaa qeioBtRa»; no ero ubA- 
niK) seHieA&iie 6uJo name HeaosHosHO wb JbxBt : •wAn- 
cxaie cypoaocxH BJiHMaxa, xj&O'b xairb ne Aoaptaaexi, xan 



irro evy npHAanni apftaocTb ecRycTBeHHO, nocpeACTBOHiorHfl* \ 
Oh^ se , seiaii npexcTasHTb csyxHua cpeAOXBa UTOBi^eBi, ro- 
BopHrk^ VFO noBopeHHEie pyccKEMH OHH njaTHJH mwh jifiEh Ay- 
fioBUHH BtHHiaiH, ' BO BTO , BOfleqflO, BABE JTR copaBeAfflBo: 
Apeiy^e Jtea h o6nm SBtpett hofjih AocxaBHTb oqcHb bei- 
roAHyD AaHb pyccKHMi; sa BibflnaHH He ctohjo npHcujaTb 
c6op]^noB^, a MesAy Ti^vb hbbI&ctho, qTO ohh shjdi wb ro- 
poAft, BOTopbiit UTOBiiam eaauBaacfl Khnrgani , a pyccKHMii, 
Tan nocejHBimiHHCfl RaaaaHi TpoKH \ orb caoaa Topoqirrb, 
vrb yBaauBaen na nocTOflHHoe saBfltie Bcero nacejieHifl oxotoh). 
9td saHHiJe fiiuo eAHRCTBeHHUirb cpcACTBoirb k% 8R3hr, a no- 
ToiTb CAi^ajocb adShmumi yROBOibCTBien Bcibxi KjaccoBi na- 
poAa; ROFAB oxoTHJTRCb RHRSbfl, TUCflqR RBpoAB ORpyaaiH H8* 
BftcTHyiD qacTb jftca h Sorarafl Ao6uqa rbx aySpoBi, TypoBi, 
loceft, Aunn:'^ ROReft, coSoieit, RyRHi^^ ropRocTaea^ h 6&iosx, 
caia Msaia rb ctp&iu h pysbR oxothhrobi. JlRioBi^bi ox- 
jDnaucb BUcoRHiTb pocTon R TeMRUMR, ptARo BROiHt qep* 
Rum ROJOcaMH \ BasRi^ttinaR qepxa hxi, cb ROTopoio orr 
RBJflmTCfl Bi APOBRtfimee yse apeiifl, ecrb hxi BOBRCTBeHROCTb) 
iOHR MryTb Ra cjys6y, no nepaoMy npnauay rrasr, ne cnpa- 

mRBBR SaiOBBRbR R CTapaH)TCR BUGTyRRTb XOpOmO OAfiTUMR *. 

0pysi6 BUAaeTb Rirb RRRSb , Roroputt Taase aa6oTRTCR oG'b 
Rxi npoRopu6RiR».^ •AmoMVCb^ roBopRiTb nepaiott RaiojuiqecBiM 
enRCROffbJbrrBii, poARTCR pu^apelrb; cHy nyaeH'b ToibRo r3- 
BtoTRbd BoapacTi\ ecrecTBeRHoe yRptoJiOHie T&ia, qTo6u bu- 
RaaaTb cboh boorrur crocoOhoctr*. ^ Bi RCTopiR jihtobcroM 
MU 1108611% HarjiflAHO aairi&THTb xy pRyio cxpacxb, cb Koxopoio 
jRTOBi^u Spocaioxcfl B'b RaibBAH Ha Heripiflxejifl ; npaaHJibHyio 
Boftay orr JnoSarb ropasAO MeHfte r xoxa, c^b xeqenieM'b ape- 
H6HR , MEi aaHtqaeirb ycntxH B'b hxi BoeRHOirb HCRyoxBib, ho 
BG6 XBRH nojLmmA csasaxb ^ qxo jirtobivj BcerAa ocxaaajRCb 
lUHMH HafidAHHaaMii, ciioco6RUHH paarpoHHTb Henpiflxejifl CMb- 



— 4 - 

ihon^ yppom h ho mmmMCh cTDftBocnbH) vb peryiipHOKb 
epaseeiK cb xopomo ycTpoeHBUXi BoftcEOH'&. ^ Bi ciyw^ ho- 
naAOBifl Ha hhxi Henpfarreu ci euaHH, npeBumaBmaHH m 
coScTBeHHiu cpeACTsa, ohh r ho AjMajia Baiquqanofl: nasieA- 
JI6HH0, cb CBOHiTB HMyiqBOTBOtf^ , CBpuBajorcb B^ jl^cax^, oc- 
TaBAflfl nycTfium cboh AopnflHHue Aova^ BuorpoiTb Boropue, 
flpn oGhjIh libsa, HH^ero HecTOHJO. HenpiaTUb HaxopurL Sea- 
juoxHyfi) lycTUBK), Kb KOTOpoft Mon yneperb ci rojiOAy , tan 
Bas'B Bce 6&I10 cnpaTaHO b DOTOiy Bce Heo6xoAHHoe nomtwb 
6uji Bears ci co6ob>; Hpa orrcxyiuraiH ase ero, Wh jAcmib 
BuxoAHJDi Toimi H BCTyoajiH wb OTBpfiiTuft 60ft, ecn Henpi*- 
HieA aaaaioa HCToqeaniiH'B, btl npoiBBHOirb cjyqaft yHH^xoaiajH 
ero BHeaaoHfiiMn HanaAeHumi h aacaAaim. 

B% AOHaBmeft XHaHH jraroBeiii nsofipaaiaeTeB caMiiMH npo- 

TflByaOJIO»HUHH WpTaHH, ;(ypHtfMH B XOpomBIIH; HlBOTOpVe HC 

ToqHHKH HaBUBaio'rB ero BpaBCTB0flBilH^ ^ HO Bi Toase BpeMa 
HaxoABTB^ ^0 oHi jiftBBB'B, cBioHeBX Ri> HbaseTBy H nOTOHy 
laio AooTBTo^iefl'B. ^® flaa'ficTiff nbascTBi^ npexeiaBJBDrb 
ero HopoBovb Bceo^npm'B h rjiySoKO yBopeBBBOiHioa: t/^o e^ 
lyXHff BapoAi^ ipeaa^ , roBoparb i^^tobhcb ^ aaHBHaerca ■ pa- 
GoTaeT'b) ocTaibByio aie qacTb xhh npoBoxarB aa mmum ^amaiiH, 
Bi 6ec%;(ax'b n oHpaxi^ BOT^opue TBHyToa no nmjififA saw n 
Bi BOToptux'b npHHBiraiorb y^acrie ue TOJbflo tfynprnu^ Hon 

ateBU^BHbl^ IlblOTb HeXl, OtmO B UpHBASHM BHHO^ ^\ C% IJ^BH- 

CTBorb nepaajiy^eH^ paaepaTb, jiflTOBCKia ateanpHfii cRaoHHtt 
HapymaTb cbob o6flBaHHOCTB bi Myasy, ^^ aseHBi BaftB'6BnniX'b 
jH^b BBBo A^paEarb jiio6obbhbob% , Hyatba QoasojrflCDT'b bto 

H lH)60BHBE0B'b OSUKBOBeHHO HaaUBaiOT'b nOHOn^EBMH Bli 

Spast; MyafbBM'b ate cqnTaercH »a ctua^ HpH aceBax'b A^p- 
saib HBJioamHi^'b. Bpain jrerRo yHB^iToaEaHKrofl h n«TOiry lacto 
seBflTCfl BHOBb. ^^ TocreitpiHiiiCTBO Taaase aaxaetca flopaaa- 
xejibHOH) qcpioH) HapoAHaro xapaRTepa. <?y»e3eMei^%,npH6bTBniifi 



- 5 - 

n JflTBy H 6i\o HiiyjqecTBO xasse OeaonacHu, Kaii h wb ero 
c06oTiieiiH(M|i AWlb; BTb aroflTL Epai cb HeaanaMflTBjbix'B Bpe- 
MeHi, Bexexcfl ofiu^afi, HSoGpftTeHW Hy^poft howthbh, no roto* 
pony qy veaeHeif]^, cTynHBOiitt Ba Baiuuo iHXOBCRyio, jHnik toii>ko 
BofixeTb Kb BepBuit BonaBmiflca nowb^ A^aeica jhiiomi CBfln^eH- 
nuwb AJfl ero B^ax'bJBi^^ nocjI^AHift c^HiaeTL CBoeio o6fl3dHflocTbia 
oSeperaTb b noBpoBHTeibCTBOBaTb rocTio ; ecjB obi> nosaiaer'B 
HATB A&Ji^ei jHTOBeiti Kfi tAtl nopii ero Be ociaBBTb, noRa 
He gfiwjifiTb no cji^AyK)n{aro aomb b Be CAacrb aa noneqeflie 
Apyraro xoaaBBa; xaKi orB aomb aoa^i^Ao <>^ a^PObbb ao a^- 
peBBB, nyremecTue coBepmaexca cb bojuok) GeaonacBOCTbio b 
jAoCcTBOK'B. HacBjiie,GOB6pnieBBoeBaAi» ^yiReaeMiieHii, BuauBaexi 
BflteBie, oCpaB^aeMoe bb tofo, bto b% aio fipeiia Guji'b ero no- 
tpoBBTejeni b bpoboahhkoh'B) a HCXBTOJiaHB aajiflioxca bcI^ xl^, 
soxopue yse npBBBMajB y ce6B npsmejuiita, bo xasie cjytiaB 
BecbMB pi^AKH^ ptARH H np^asia o bbx'b. nocejrBBmittca b^b 
Ifiwfk JBXOBita BBOCxpaaeiti niM&£CB qjieaoH'B ero ceHeitcxBa, 
iLQa9BB'3b HcxBxii 3a oRaaaBByH) eny BeonpaBeAJBBocxB b oTBi- 
vaexi» 3a ero BpocxynRB^ ecJH rocxB ne noaejiaexi CA&jiaxB 
BKffQ eawb».^... crooxoBpiBMCTBOjnixoBiieB'BxfiH'B eiofi npiaxB^e, 
9X0 rocxB y bbxi coBeproeaBo CBoCoAeni, ji!bMffrb ^xo xo^exi, 
BBixo Oesii BysAu V!h sexy ae aBjaexea, Ein axoft BSjiBm* 
net, BaBflawBofi apeAyppoAHxejiBBOcxB , a vesAy xiH'B Bcaaoe 
sejmBie BeiieAfeBfio b oxoxho Benojniflexo&», ^\ coabo xouso 
y BBx^ BenpiflXBo: rocxa npBBBMaioxii cb bojibuhb Ey6EaiiB 

H TBR'B npBBeBOlBBaiOX^ BBXB, BO XOUEO npOCB6aHB, BO B BO- 

xapRBMB, vro rocTB CRopo xepaerB b roioay b bofb* ^^. 

JliBBBue H npeAaBHue rpyfiunfB yAOBOucxBiaH'B AmoBOfA 
ae BorM 6u coGcxaeHBHH'B xpyAomb yAOBjiexBopaxB cbobbi 
HysAfl VB , ecjaSi y bbxii bo Sbuo ocoOeaao padBBXo cocjioBie 
pa6oBi>, Boxopue pa6oxajiB bi xo apeiia, RorAa rocBOAa bx!B npe- 
AaBanch nbaacxay; ohb saaaMajHCB demieAMeM'B b aombbipbiqi 



paGoTdMH. ^mM hx^ nocTOHHHO BospacTajo, laisi qpesi ee- 
TecTBeHuoe pasMHoaseHie, Tawb h BCJitxcTBie Toro, qTO jhtobah 
HHKorAa He oinycKajiH hxi hb bojih). ^®. BecbMa HeMHompe- 
Mecjia H mf!bm upHnHCUBaioTCfl npaMo jHioBi^avb; MesAT npo~ 
WMi aseHn^HHU hxi saHHvajiHCb TKaubeMi oojioTeHi ii npaseio 
mepcTH, ocoGeuHO xopomo a^JI&^ii ^^^ o^oh>» iBHiUHue Roepu, 
KOTopuMH yKpamajiHCb ctI^hu. '^. •YI^hl b'b JIhtb^ cjaaaH- 

CRBfl, rOBOpHTb Bnett GHJlbBifi B1> CBOeHb KpaTROHl OnHCHfliH 
JIhTBBI, '^ HSUR'B BTOTb UIHpOKO paCnpOCTpaHHJCfl H A^MTCH 

Ha fii^csoJibso padHuxi sapftqiM; oauh cjaBane HcnoBi^AyM*]> 

pHMCKyH) Bibpf , TaROBU OOJIflBH, <16XH, BpOBTU, APynO A^PSBTCg 

rpeqecKaro cyeB^pia: MocRajH, pycHHU, Oojrape h mhofo jh* 
TOBi^eBi*. DpHBOAB 9T0 Bi^CTO, Mu BOBCo He sejaeMi yTBeps- 

ABTb, ^TO BCi^ JHTOBI^U rOBOpHJH HO pyCCBH, HU ccu jaeMCB Ha 

Hero TOJbRo ][u AOKasaTejibCTBa loro Baasnaro auaqeHia, koto- 
poe HH^jia Bii JIhtbI^ pyccBaa HapoAHOCTb , o ^ewh^ mu roBo- 
pHiH yse Bume. Tose caMoe mobbho noAiBepAHTb MHoasecTBOin 
Apyrnxi ^BRTOBi , ROTopue mu onycRaeMi , no npHwafc hxi 
oCqeHBB^CTUocTH. He cMOTpa na paBJiaqie HcnoBi&AdHii, jhtobi^u 
H pyccRie yasHBaiucb rapno, m6 oco6eHHO cTpaHHO, tbri rbri 
jHTOBi^u H3o6paaai0TCfl saRjiflTUMH BparaMH xpHCTiaHCTBa* ^' 
B'b TO BpeMfl, RaRi> OHH BeAyrb oflsecToqeHHyio 6opb6y co bc^mh 
ORpysaH)n^HMH hxi xpHCxiaHaMH, He Tcpnarb y ce6fl npono- 
B^AHHROBi, npHnieAUiRXii ci sanaAa, ocRop6jiaiO'rb, cabb He y6H- 
BaioTb H HBroHBHiTb Bhtb, enHCRoHB jioOqaHCRaro , '^ rofab ohh 

K36HBaH)Tl> ^paHI^HCRBHOB'b , nOCeJEHBIUHXCa B'b BHJbR% H B'b 

JiHAlb.noAii HOKpoBHTejbCTBOMTi OjibrepAa,o6BHHilfl HX'b B'b o6n(e- 

CTBeHHUXl Ol^ACTBiflXl , Wb TOJSe BpeMfl OHH CHOROilHO npHHR- 

MBioTb pyccRoe npaaociaBie, pyccRitt HdUBi h Hpaau. ToibRO 
OAHaasAU BCTpt^aeMi Hsai^CTie 061 yMepu^BieHiH HftcROJibRMXi 

JHTOBI(eBl>, UpHHHBHIHXX OpaBOCJaBie* BTO, ROHeUO, 6UJ0 A'bJOWb 

apei^oB'b, ROTopuxi oOasaHHOCTb aaRJioHajaob wh coxpaHenui 



- 7 - 

XpeBnei penrii, ho r n oroll lancrpooft hu saift^aeirB ii3« 
BftoTHyD nocieneraocTb , h6 cpaay ptmHJiicb na otoa use- 
CTOKoe HaKaaame, cnaMaia HOBOofipaqerauxii nocaxuH m» Tnpb- 
ly H TOARO TorAa, aorxa axi nponoB6Ai» n napoAy, coGapaB- 
meMyca y oaaa TeiiHintUi oSpaqaia i^tjiua tojhu wh npaaoc- 
jaaia, xpeipi noTpeSoeaia hxx ciepn. ^^ Taaoe^ cTOJib pas* 
jnraaoe OTHomeHie vb pym do^ti oxiHaROBum peiariaMi oH 
flcaaercfl aecTOKoio a uqaaqecKOio boMhoio, aoTopyH) BaecjiR 
n Jbmy puqapH, nprneMi secTOROcrb JUiTOBi^eBi aBjaeTca, 
nwh OTBftTB aa secToaocTB pui^apeil; aecbMa ecTecTBeHHO, <ito 
aapoxb noAmewb 6im aeaaBHAtTb Ty pejariiD, Roropyio opo- 
noBtxuBaiH BMy mmewh h Hosapami , He»xy Tftwb, aaai pyc- 
eaie, Bcerxa OTjaqaamieoa TepnaHOcxbiD , '^ HHKOMy ue aaaa- 
suBaiH cBoeM atpu a npeAocraBiaiH BpeMeaa a ecTecTBeaaoHy 
padBHTuo 611TB rjaBHUMV noSyxareaaMH jnTOBi^eB'B ax nepexoAy 
n npaBOCiaBie. yMtpeaaocTb a TepnHM0Ci% pyccaaxi b'b ca* 
aaxi Be aaTOjaqecaaxi acTO^HHaaxi opoTHBynoiaraeTca 06- 
paay xftllcTBiX aaTOjaqecaaxi miccioHepoBi , aoTopue cami 
aopTHjH CBoe xftjo *^ 

Bi oTHomeaiH yHCTBenaon a apafiCTBeaaoMi pyccaiecTO- 
ffja Hecpaaaeaao aume jaTOBueai, oaa Tpeaau a xiflTeabau ^^ 
a MoryTi noxaajarbca OTcyicTBieirb t^xi cbo6oahuxi apa* 
BOBi, ^^ aoTopue Sujia saHtqeau aaaa y laroBiieB'B; no 
BaffHMOMy Bci^ aaaflila cocpe^fOTonaaioTca wb axi pyaaxi: oaa 
crpoBTL aaHaa, laax Baaoai jaxcaift 6uji aucTpoeai ai 1323 
roxy npa rexaaaaft Tpyxana pyccaaxi, npasaaaaux'B aa'B 
Kieaa a aai Boiuaa;'* B. B. Baroarb, npeppaaaMaa nocTpollaa 
ai Bajbaft, aunacuaaeTb peMecieaaHBOB'b aai Jlyi^Ra; '^ 
pyccaie xopomie aprajuepacTU '^ a ouaqawTca CTottaocTbio 
Bi cpaseaiaxi; aai aaxi se aaSapaioTii nlhAui opaecTpi ape- 
ipacaux'b jiOTaacTOB'b a MettTacTOBi^ hm flreua, aorxa oai 
iiwh yxe aopoiBMi nojbcaaHi. ** P'b Biubai, rji/k oaa 



— H ^ 

nocejiHJiiCfc CI Becbia xasHflfo BpeneHii, npo^etTaiDTi T«proBJa 
H peHecjia, bhochuuh yxoScTBa h n^me Hf^soropyio pocuQiub wk 
ansHb Haceji€«iH. Bi* ROHut XIV B'&Ka npoHaBaxccBO cxeua 
6uj[o yse TaRi> padB«TO, ito bc^ , Ser axue h d^xHue, Hut jh 

CTCBMRHUfl OSHd Bl CBOHU AONRXl; Bl> BTOMl npO«3BOACTBi^ 

pyccRHHii iipHHaA<ie»RTi TOJBRa ero ycoBepmeHOTBOBaftie, ao- 
TOHy 4T0 ecTb CBHAl^TejbCTBa ^ A^RaauBaioHiiR , mo oho 6um 

H3B'6CTH0 lHTOBItaH% B'B rjy60R0& AP^BHOCTH. ^® Bl OTRyCRQOit 
TOprOBJfi, RpOlI'6 TOBapOBl) ROTOpHMH fl Wb ApBBHOCTH 1I806h- 
lOBBJa JiHTBa, H^XOB'B, MdAy , fiO(»y, H ii^CHUX'b HSAl^Afi) 

noBAHibe Bcxpi^qaeMii leH'b h pasiue xjitfia, ^to cj^bAf^Tii npH- 
RHcaTb TpyAOJioSiD pyccRHXi; B'B Toprwj^ BHyTpeflaefi ohm 
saxBaTHJiH naHdoJcbe Aoxopua craibH^ tbri hbhp. npoAasy 

HanHTROBli , O^Hb BUr^AHyiO npH HaRiOHHOCTH IHTOBI^ep'b Kb 

nbflHCTBy. ^^ Ohh ate saHnMaa)!!! paeHua h HeMajLOfiaffeuH 
AOJishocth; ABse BrnpaHOTHue, ea'^AOBaiejibHO oqesb MSHue 
no cBoeny uojoneniia, bbhrh BBft[^flioTCfl hxi HawacxBOBaHi^, 
HMH ase saM'bqeHKi bo% aojwhocth, Tpe6yH)iiiia HftfiOToparo o6- 
paBOBBHia, no Rpafinefi JAtpi yH^Rbfl «rflTan h nacaxb; no* 
cjri^pee noHaTKOi, f aR% rbrii bi JIhtb^^ ynorpeSiaMOb HeRj[H)<in* 
TOibso pyccRBfl raobiieHHOOTb^tjiHTOBCRia BHCiiiieBa eynieoTBOB&iH 

ROFAB TO^ nORpaftROft Mi^pft OfiHX'B ynOMRHaiOTb HCTO^HiHUi, ^' 

HO Bi> HCTopRqecRoe BpoHH OHH H6 ynoxpo^JiajQicb. T% m% 

JHTOBIieB'B , ROTOpiiie HO XOI^JIH OrpaHHVHTbCa OAHOiO, liHOTO 

BoeHHOR) Rapbep(^, aoiirhu 6ujh Bpio6p'&cTb pycosoe o6pa8o- 
BBHie H A'fl BToro BbiltosaiiH Bi» ropoAB jniTOBCRot PyoH , TAi 
npn HoeacTupax'b 6ujii yoTpoeHu youHn^a, ^^ ho qoHHTHO, 
^0 OHH, nocjii^ Toro, oSpaqaiiHCb bii pyccRHXii. 

IIpH TBRHxi cBo&CTBax'b pyooRBro nj[6MeHa BOCbua ecie* 

CTBeHHO, qXO OHO HVAAO rpOHBAHOe BJUHHie HB JIHTOB^eB'b BO 

Bcl^xi^ OTHomeHiaxi ; touro bthmi BjiiaHioMi o6'LaeHaH)TGfl 

VHOrie, RpyHHLie ^BBTU UTOBCROlt HCTOpiH , RBRl HRHp. MW^ 



- 9 - 



Heeie fii» xapaffrept r sHaqeuiH RHflsecRott bjogth, no oTHOUie- 
HiH) Ri» BJiacTH KpHfie-KpHBeftTo. Besi BCflRaro coHHftHifl jh- 
TOBi^u coBepmeHHO 6u oGpyci^iH, eciHGi ue coeAHunjiHCb 
n nojBDieiD h'h 1386 roAy. Barb npoHdomeji'B dioxL noBO- 

pOTL B^ IBTOBCROli HCTOpJII II ^l^pOCfTb flreUB, CFO OpOHSBeA* 

maro, Syxerb npeAMeioMi Baniero H3cii&A0Baflifl. 



rjIABA I. 



Ojn>repA%,cutiireAiiHiiHa, BejHRitt RHflSb nroBCRill, HMi^Ji 

1 2 CKIHOBeM; Kb BTOWh COFJiaCHU BCft HCTOVHHKH , RBKli nOJb* 

csie, Tan h iMTOBCKO-pyccRie, qro se Racaercfl ao seei ero, 
TO HHi'B BCTpftqaeMi paBHonacie. OojibCRie JitTonHCi^u ne 3Ha- 
jiH nepBoit seHU O^ibrepAa, a BTopyio, SHSiRHy TBepcByio, na- 
BUBajH Hapieft. '* CTpuftKOBCRitt nonpaBHJTB hx'b oniHSRy, 
BHaiii AByii sem UToacRaro RHflBB, nepByn— RHHSRy bhtcS- 
cRyio H BTopyn — RHflsny TBepcRyH), ho nepeiiftmajrb hxi HMena 
'^H ToibRo ji^TonHCb, HBAaHHafl Hap6yT0Mi, cooSqaerb na- 
CTOfln^ifl HMeHa HX'b, MapiH, RHflasHU BHTeScRott h lOiiaoRbi, 
RHflRBHU TBepcRoit, '^ <it6 noATBepflBxa6TGR H HBAnHCbK) Ha ox- 
Hom xp^BHeMi eBanrejiiH, ROTopoe BHxftjrb HeyTOMRMutt Hap- 
6yTi>. ^^ Bonpoci o npccTOJiOHacji%AiH, o^esHAHO, ho Gun p%- 
moHi B-b JiHTBft TeopoTRqecRH , OTqoro h npaRTHRa bi btomii 
OTHOuieHiH oTJUiqaeTCfl pa3Hoo6pa3ieHi>. noBHAHMOMy yaaMaeHoe 
BcbMH upaBO nepBopoACTBH onpeAtjfljio nopaAORx HacjiibAOBaHiv, 
HO He p'bAKo BCTpftqaioTCfl H oiyqaH ero HapymeHiii. TaRi no 
cMepTH TeAHHHHa any HacitAoaajTb H^aAnrift cm hi flBHyrb, 
TorAa saRi CTapnrie GpaTbfl AOiiSHbi 6bijui AOBoibCTBoaaTbCH 
BTopocTencHHUirb h AAUse noAQHHeHHUjrb noJioaseHieirb. j^aaeRo 
H6 6jiecTflqia RavecTBa flsHyTa 6ujh npRqRHOio, ^to 6paTbfl 
caeprjiH ero c% aejuiRORHflsecRaro upecTOja, ROTopuft otabih 
CTaplb&uieMy h MyApibfiQieMy OnrepAy. Bi OTOirb HeJbda bh- 
AtTb^ oAHHRovb, RsejaHie nonpaBHTb iiopaAORi nacji^AOBaHifl, no 
ROTopoHy CTapmift cuhi» a^^^i'^^ HacjtAHHKOiii yMopniaro 



- 11 - 

onvi, noTOHy vro OjbrepAi He Ciui cnpniHMi, CTapmill Ha- 
pnyHTb CBjii^'i* Bi HoBfopoxik h pyccKli jAtoiihch noioSHTejb- 

HO rDBOpaTB) TTO OHl, RaRli CTapmift^ XOOHBaMH BeJURORHH- 

mcRaro xoctohhctbh. Ob Apyrott cropony, Rettcryrb, nocaxHBi 
OjbrepAa vh BnibHt, roaopHTB OMy: «tiiI CTapmii HesAy Ham,* ^* 
HapHxynrt owb ho ynoHHHaen h exBa m noroiiy, no 
HapHMyHTB, Raaii RHH3b BejHRaro HoBropoxa, naaajiCH RHHseiii 
HHoseiHUHi H tavb 6u yse jHmeHHUin» npaBi, HpRHaxjeisaB- 
niRxi uoHaiTb jiMTOBCRaro RHasecRaro poxa. Onopte hohtho 
xyMHTB , nro jhtobcroo rocyAapcTBO, oOpaaoBaBHieecfl ente Taai 
HexaBHo, He BupaOoraio noaa npo^Haro nopaARa bo imorHxi 
OTHomeHiaxi , a mosat hpomrmi h bi boo poet HaeitAOBama, 

ROTOpuit THRHMl OOpaSMl HpeAOOTaBJfljeH npoHBBOjy RHHaett. 

CaHOBOJbHuft nocrynoRii reAHHHHa, aacraBHBniiil SpaTbeai ffiA- 

GTBOBHTb HaCHJieiTb HpOTHB'b 6paTa, HOBJieRHtlft SB OOCOi) Bfel- 

cejienie ABHyra wh MooROBCRoe roeyAaperBO h aeebMa saTpyA* 
HHTejbHoe nojoflseHie hm HapHMyHTa, HeooTaHOBHXb OJbrepAa 
TBHse caMOBOJbHO paenopflAHTbCfl cbohmii HacjrbAeTBOirb. IIoai 
BjiameKb BTopoit seuu cBoeit lOjiaHHU, ohi ycTpaHHJi aee 
noTOHOTBO MapiR BRTeSoRotI H HasHa^Hjrb cBOHirb npeeMRHRom 
flreua, crapmaro cuhb orb H)iiaHHii. npeAHOJ[araH)Tb necoM- 
HftHHUMi, ^* qro OjbrepAii) yMapaa, o6a3ajrb caoero 6paTa h 
iAp«aro cnoABHSHHRa KefteryTa coAftttoraoBaTb HCoojaeHiio ero 
aaBftntaHia. 9to oOoToarejbCTBo Morjio 6bi npRaeoTH m huojh 
HacjiAOBaHiH no npaay cTaptttrnHHOTBa, ho npeAiHAyiuie «aR- 
Tu JHTOBCRO& HCTopiH yHHqTosaK>Tb B03MosHoeTb noAoOHBro 
3aRJH)qeHiH, tbrii nanp FeAHHRHi yMop'b bi to apeMa, RorAa 
uaAmitt 6paTb ero Bobhi ^ rh. nojioi^Riit^ 6iijrb eqe mai, ^^ 
ciftAOBaTejibHO oOpan^aaob Kb BeficryTy, oqeBHARo ho HirbBmeiiy 
flUBRoro npaaa hb aootohhotbo aeiHRaro RHaaa, OjibrepAi !(&- 
EUh wb HOJix qeiOBftRB ffbHTOJibHaro, npeAnpuot^RBaro, HCRyc- 
aaro bohhr h, vr6 oeo(eHHO aaamo^ RHaaa jioOuiaro HapoAom, 



~ . 12 - 

ROTOpuft, epjH 6u floffeiiani, BcerA^^ wwib Hapyiimi^ pacnopa 
mmw 04brepABt. ^^ £cih Tasii od'bjiciiP'a aro a6pameBie^ to 
HU eiiie 6ojifi« y&bAHMCB^ qio bii JIhtbI^ Be ^lo toiro on- 
pejiiaeuHaro nopsABa HacjitAOBaHifl, no, Kaase^cB^ upafio EepRo- 
poACTaa fikiMio npeAnouMTaeiio npaay CTaptfimiiHCTBa wh ut- 
jiQiTb pox^* KaR'^ HapiMiyHTi B03CTa«ii» upoiHBi* OJibrepAa, xaRi 
xeaepii AsApeS , CTapniiit ceihi OjbrepAa , BOSoTaerB npoxuBi 
flrejutt ; vaRHH'B oGpaaoH'b RHflseHie flrejiJia oTRpuBaeTca 6opk- 
6oiQ oi> CTapiniMii GpaToafb. 

IIponieAinee Ahap^H) yRaauBafl na cpejiOTBa, sox^punH oiii> 
paoB04Ara4[i», oGiflCHfleirf) hbm'b ero piboiHiiocib daflBHTb cboh 
npoTBdaHifl. OH'b xl^ofio oaasaHi ci acTopiefi pyccRaro BapoAa; 
OBOJio nojioBHBJbi XIY J^RO npoH3onjeji%^ paapuwii MesAy Hqb- 
ropoAOM^ H HcROBon; yrposaenue le^enooiiaNB h jumi^BHue 

UOMfifrnm CBOiXli CTapOIBXli 6paTb6Bl>^ DCIIOBRW oSpaTHIHOb 

Ri OyibrepAy h npocuH ero noHon^B, noBBjeflie ero ci BoficROMi» 
saoraBWO pui^apeft cbbti* ooafty Msfiopcna b BUoxyiUTb bsii upe- 
A^jKQBi ncROBCRoii oSiacxH. OdpaAOBaBBbie borobr^h ycBJUAo 
BpocBJiH GBoere vaGaBBxejia, xofab eaiie RBiBfl BBxe$pRa«d, spe- 

CTBXbCB H OCXaXi^CB BBafllMXb y BBXli. OttVepA^b OTBWiajCfl 

BM^cxo ceSfl nu^ cvapmaro csna ABApea, Roxopufl xorAa me 

^n ORpeBieRl Wb C06opROfi, CBaXOXpORItROft l^epRBB; ^^ HO 
BeHBBl^0XBUlE3» BpBVIBaV i* HO JOAOfi RHB8b CROpO O0TBBH4rb fiCHOBl 
yftXaJil Wb JLnXBy, ^^ XOFAB IICROBHMan'b OpBIUJIOCb HBpBTbCB 

C3» HoBropoAOHi ^^ h cbmiihii Boeaaxb o% pupapflMn. BnoCii^A- 
cxaUi HU BUAHHii AflApefl bi Qoioi^Rft, rA% npeasAe RHaasHji 
6pax3» roABHBBa Bobb'b. HaHl^peBaacb pasopaaxb cb lipaxoHi^ 

AHApOfl cOjHaBICfl <yL JBBOflCRIHl OpAOHOHl H BOUeA'b Bl Bpeifi- 

BUI oxBoiueBifl wh IIcROfiy, Roxi^biit cbobb npH3Bajii> erocBo^ 
EWh RBH^eHi, ^^ BO fice eqe He cqaxaa ce6fl AocxaxoMBo 
cHAbHbiH^, oBii yAamcA wh MocRBy h oi^A&^iefl jioai» borpobh^ 
xejbcxiio ^RHHTpifl /I^OACfiaco^'.cb axoro BpoHeBH Ba<iBHaioxcfi 



- 18 - 

ero BpasA66uHH AticTfiUi npoTHBi Arejiia h jraroBCKaro ro 
cyAapcTBa. ^HMRpiJi^OHCBOft, npe^iaiarafl bi Mtb^ OesnopaAn 
nocMepxH Oibrepxa^ OTnpaBorb CB§en> powpoAHaro Spara, Bia- 
AHMipa AmpeeeH^a aa GxapoffyS'B h Tpy6qeB0B%i T]s/k mntann 
JifiWETpA OjibrepAOBHTB; BejiHROBOfsecBOHy »^Ry jifinmewbiun 
noMoraib AflApel nojiGipuit. ^^ da anirb nepBUMii , OTEpuTfiurb 
BoscTanieiii apoTHBi Spaia h Bamaro raisa, CKopo mcMifft- 
BBJO APyroe- n 1380 r. na mi^ KyjmROBOMi, pflAoir& ci 
^oncmiii, 6iific&C!L fBTapam abb jhtobobbx% KRBdg: AflApet 
nojio4Ritt H ncROBCRiS h l^iMirrpitt KopH6yni, SpflecRift. ^^ Bi 
^mvh y^acTiHHxi BiSopbM xpncTiaHi ci fleB'ftpHBim, roho^ho, 
Be 6tuo eqe m qero opecTyRHaro, bo f/bM b% tom, qio BejiBRil 
BBBBb flrejijo, He CMOTpa na oBoe npaBocjdBie, coaAHdHjca Be 
(n» xpHcmaBaiR, a cb neffl^pHUMR. GrpaHflo bra^tb b^ aroirb 
cjd^ACTBie Toil HeBaBHCTR ei> HoeROBeROMy rbhbh), ROTopyi^, OyATO 
(u, flrejio BGocaji cb mojioromii naTepH, DpoRCXOARBmefi mi, 
m^fyrawo caoeH) HenafiHeTbio Vh HocRBi^ , aomb TaepcRHXi 

KHHB€A. He GR0p4ie m CAtKf&n mjlftTh B'B BTtfH'B npoTHBy- 

ecrecTBeHBOM'B coiosft cb TBTapaMH npoAOJseaie Tolt saBoeBa- 
TejbHott A^fli'Ui'HOCTn npoTHBX PyCR BOoSa^e, RoropOH) Aasao yse 
oTJiRqajRCb jiHiDBCRie RHflSbH? He daSyAeHii Kb TOMy aie, qro 
flreuo 6hLn p^3ApafteH^ npoTHBi* MocKOBCRaro rbb3r bb h6- 
ABBHee oToOpaaie TpyGqeacRa r sa Apy^eoRilf iipieMi, oRadaHBufi 

Bl MoCRffb nOGCOpRBBIRllGB CB HRHl GpaTBBMli. XOTB RB 9T0n 

paai He dujio npHMaro ciojiRHOBeHifl HeiRAy 6paTBfliR, noTOMy 
qTo ArejiJio , no RBJiRmReft ocTopoasBocTH, Re npHHHMajrb yqa^ 

CTIB B^ fiRTB*, CTOffJTB ROOASJIb OTb RyJIHKOBa BOJIfl, BO t6mI 

Re MeHte BepxoBHuii rocyAapb JIhtbu AOJsen'b Oujn cqRTBTb 
3a 6y BTb to oficTOflTejibCTBo , qTO BoftcKa ero 6paTa 6RJiHCb b'b 
ero Goio3HHRaMH. dHepria AHApea Buooajia HaKonei^ p^mRTejib- 
HUflM'bpbi oocTopoRbf flroMB, owb JiRnnuTb ero IIojioi^Ra h ot- 
AaJl^ ROCi^AHift APypoMy CBoemy 6paTy CRBprejrjy, ho jiHnib 



- 14 — 

TQARO Cnpreuo flBExca bi Hojioqirb, rbkl rpasAane cieaniJii 
ero, nocapiR Ha ciapyio Kiaqy h, noBOdiBi Taunib oOpasom 
00 ropoAY) <^P^Aa 6paHH h pyraieibCTBi, BurHoiR h norpo30jH 
secTOKHiTB HaRasameiTB ^ b'b CMjnai ero BOBBpaqeBia. ^^ B*l 
OTMqeHie seeroKoi o6hxii flreuo ABHeyn pyccRO JuiTOBCKoe 
BO&CKO noffi aaqajbCTBOirb xoro se CRHprejjia, Roroputt oca- 
Ain ropoxi, HO Hn^eHie aojsho 6uio saMeAiHTbCfl: HBHjracb 
Cojifte CHJbHue apani h hobub onacHOCTH pa flreua bi ju- 
Hi BettcryTa. Kofab BtcTb o Topsecrat nocjftxHaro xocnrjia 
ocasxaioniHxi , ohh ocraBHjiH Gaipreua aa npoHSBon cyxbSu 
H Homn Ha coewHeHie (Tb BeficTyrovb. ^* Goio8i> CRHprejja 
cb JiRBOHCRHMH pKii(apan H noHoo](b wn^ RynjieHnafl oOftqa- 
Hi^Tb ycTynarb hmi qacTb noioi^caro RaaxecTBa, Taaxe He 
HHftu nociftA<)™ift- 14 HOAl^b OTOfliR pui^apH uoKb noioi|- 

ROlTb H OTCTynHJH, HO BSaBl CFO. ^^ 

To HeMHoroe, vto CRaaaao hbiih o nepauxi aMctbirxi 
flreua, ae Hoserb ^aTb Bucoaaro noHBTia 061 axoit jnmocn. 
Ilepaue roAU caoero RHaseaia oai ocTaerca aeAtarejibHUirb, 
ero H6 ciumHO ai jwToacRoit HCTopia; cocftAaee rocyxapcTBO, 
oCoApeaaoe btoio HCAi^aTeibHOCTbiD, OTpuaaerb qacTb ero ajia- 
Al^Hift, npHHHJiaerb wb caoe noAA^acTBo ero poAHUxi OpaTbeei 
H flrejuo Bce tbrh HOJiqarb h horb HH^ftH'b ho oGHapyai- 
aaeiTb caoero ral^Ba. BaRaa paBHHi^a MexAy cuaoirb h on^oHi, 
ROTopult HAarb Ha HoaropoAifeBi TOJbRO HoroMy, tto cjaan 
ero HocaAHHRi m EacTaoiil ABopaHHHei('b» ^^ Bx flreuft 
Hftrb aroit OTapuToit, 6iaropoAHott pftniHMOCTH HaaaaaTb ocaop- 
6HTeia^ OWL wb lalbife npHfOToaiaerb Hqeme h 3A'6cb fi/kiaerb 
Hoayio omHSay. Mu AoaoibHO roaopHJH yse tomi, Raaya) 
aasayH) po4[b nrpajio B'b Hismi pyccRoe nieMa, caHaa npoc- 
TBB noiHTHRa sacTaBjaiB Ruaaefi jihtobcrhxi OTqacra cooOpa- 
aoBBTb cbou p^kikc'im c% ero auAaMH h CHMnaTiHMH, mu BHAt- 
JH Taaase, qio oahok) hbi npHMHai* oxoxHaro noA^HHeHia pyc- 



— 16 - 

eini jHTBt 6iua xocniraeiiafl laKHirb oSpason cBo6oAa 
on era xaTapb h boti> jiiTOBCRii Tocjliflpb pftmaeTca xenepb 

ICTHTb MoCBBft B'B CODSft (TB BTIMH TBiapaMH. HbHB RaSeTCff, 

9T0 noAo6Hufi o6pa3i ffftftcTBitt He iior& HpaBHTbCfl nfime jih- 
TOBi^aHi, npHBUBBmn 6HTb Taiapii, ae roBopa yse o pyc- 
cini, ROTopuMi owh npeACTBBJiflJicfl npoTBByecTecTBeBHUVb. 
Bc6 Tft nopmaHia h ysopuHU , ROTopux'B He mmsLTh hmu 
flreua pycciiB liTOHHCH, *' lefleqao , HaxoffHJi rpoHxii or- 
roioGorb BTb cep/pQixii pyoesHX'B houhhhuxi BToro ihibb. Mu 
Moievb Aonycrani, qro &iecKi» noStxu, paBrpon apara h cjaaa 
ociaBmaB flreua, eciH(u oh& no6ftpn ci TBiapHn hocioB' 
ciaroKHflBfl^Horjui 6hL euifi H^ioibKO oejaOiTb bto RenpiBTHoe 
BneqaTitme kih , no Bpaitaell irtpt , noSy/QUH 6u yaasBTb 
flreua, curaib ero ciaBHiaii) HoOftx^HOCHUin, vro, bbbi is- 
lAcTBo, cfijibHO xUtcTByerL hb Haccy, ho h BToro ne 6ujo: 
flreuo THio npoBpajiefl vh MOCBoacKoe rocyxapcTBO, ne mAn 
X<MSTaToqHO xpaSpocn, qroCu BcrynHTb vb 6waj h nouep* 
laTb cBoixi consHHBOBb H, Borji(a OHH 611JU pa86sTii, oei 
Oucrpo HanpaBUGB bi» cbohite npexftian. IIoHeceHHUB He- 
yxau Tl^wb 6oA%e padffpaaiHJH ero, qro BXBottcBt apara owh 
BCTptTHJX poxpuxi OpaTbOBi, HXi cJil^AOBaio BaaaBBTb, flreji* 
40 muaeTB MqeHieirB, ho npesxe acero jdCb enoBottcraie, ohi 
nopyiaen bto GsHpreuy, Tbbhmii oGpaaoMi nepauB fliAcmlt 
flreua G0CTaBiBM)Tii onnCBy, noTOMy vro, ocraBaflCb Sesnjioff- 
HUBB, He Aocrarafl i^ftn , ohh dpohsboabtl aecbHa HenpiBTHoe 
BneqaTBllHie hb 6ojbniyR) ^acTb BacejeRifl; ho, noBa xhbi Kelt- 
GTyrb, aejHBOHy bhbbb> ae CTpanmu HHSBRiB HeaBroxu, hbbb- 
Big ohihObh He nomaTHyTb ero npecxojia, wb a^A^ owb BMtorb 
iptnayB) , HepypiHHyB) onopy h mu anojiat nottiieMi bto, 
ecu BcnoHHHifb rjiBBHUB qepru ero npoBpacHoit jbwocth. 

Fopa^o npexBBHutt caoeHy CT&pmeMy Cpary, oxotbo npHBaaBaa 
ero npeBOCxoACTBo, KettcTyn HocrynHi'b 6iaropoAHO h fijaropa- 



- 16! - 

syMHO, nepeffaBi eny BejiHioRHflflieeHoe xoctohhctbo, oStfsaHbocTri 
ROToparo epa jh cooxB^TCfBOBajiH xapaRTepy ReicTyra. He 

CMOrpfl Ha TO, nrO OWh M^f/kA'h 06niHpHUH'B RHflXeOTBOlfB 

(TpoRH , BepeoTBe , Tpopo , Bobho , Beuosa , OHRaiiirB h 
Apyr ) ORi ooraBaicfl bi TeqeHiH CBoeil xojrott aRHSHH , 
He cTOJi&RO rocyAapeiHi , ocmposHo m HocioirHHa cipeiniB* 

niHHCH Rl CBOeft I^fclR, CROttRO IHJLHM'B HaftSAHHROM'L , RO* 

Toparo rjaBHdD saSoTOio Ohm o6HaayTb 6Aiff6JiBapcTb Bpa- 
ra, pa^Bj^qb ero BHHMaHfe h nemf^9imo fiaHecTH eiy THse* 
luB ynapi^. Bi T8Rott A^HTejibHdcnii TpoRfcRard rhhsh mbi bh- 
AHVB Bcft qepTU^ xapaRT6i»sy»ntifl cpepefiiROBaro BOHHa; owh 
piiqafpb Bi jiy>imeM% BHaqeHiH dToro cjiobb, oh'b Bcerxa hcuoi- 
HRerb xaflHoe oOtqame h ai^pimi o6ftqaHiH) Aafte Bpara, oh'b 
xpeSp'B no 6eBpa3oyA0TBa h BejufROAymeR'B ri noMasxeHHUirL. 
Bcero osiAafl on> BHeaenearo, neqaiiBHaro yppa, ohi t^m'b 
He vBHte 3apaH$6 o&bflBjmeTB o oboomi HanaA^HiH h TaitHM'b 
oOpaaoH'B caiTB yAifqTO»aeT% hjm no Rpattnefi Mfip% yMeHbma- 
en BOSHOSHOCTb ycnibia. ^^ Ero qpesMftpfiaa xpaGpocTB, Aocroff- 
Raa yBaneHifl wh npocTOHii BOHffb, ho 6e3pa3oypaH, ecu en 
OTiHqaeTCfl rooy^apb, Bcero lyqnie BHAua B3i> HCTopiR ero mho^ 
roqKCjeHHUx'B hjAiob'b. B'b nepautt pasi Befteiyrb amucn 
CB060AU B'B BoiHft ci nojflRaim 8a Bojuhb b% 1350^* r., 11 
Avb cnycTfl piiiiiapB Htoeqaaro opnena TeHpHX'B «. BpaHRX- 
MiBffi, H no ApyniMi resepcOeRi, onycTomaa JbTBy; crojamyji- 
cfl ex iHTOBCRHMi RHHdBHiiH OiTErepAOirB, BefictyTOMX H naT- 
piRieM'b^ oxoTHMiHiniCfl 01 He6o Jbmon CBHTOio Bx 500 ROHeft;ffB 
npoHsm^ffmei caajiRft Kettcryn BTopnqHO jiHnoiJicfl cboSoabi. 
Jlerso Moamn npeACTaBRTb, naRi Stm oOpaAoaavb opAenx 
dTHifb coGtiTieMi, bo bcI^xi npyccRBxii xpaiiaxir OTCJiynreHfit 
6BIU SiaroAapcTBeHHUfl HOjeGcTBia, a nJi'bHHHRa, Roroparo ofeiR- 
HOBeutto HasuBajiif cvalidissimns chmtianorum impugnator* 
npHBOdjui B'b MapieHGyprb , rxt coAepsajm npn jh^ro ero SBaniio, 



^ It - 

yffOTpe6iiB% , ROHewo, wA Hftpu, ^To6u npect^b eMy BOSHoai^ 
HocTb iTb no6i^. OxHy ToibRo omflGBf CAl^ajii> BeiHKitt Ma- 
rucrpi H 9TOio onmCsoio Kettcry rs HOHeAi^eHHO BOcnoibsoBajiGfl. 
/^jii Sojibmaro yxoScTBa Biycjyseme emy OTxan Ajboa hjh 
AAOjbM, speuteHHaro jHTOBiia, Roroputt noibsosajiGfl nojHoio 
AoBftpeHBocTbH) MaFHCTpa; RoaaraJH, ^to owb HecnoooOeHii hb* 
MtHHTb oSjaroxftTejbCTBOBaBUieMy ero opxeny, ho poxRott rburi, 
ua ROTopoirb roRopRJi ei HiMib njftHRHRi, paacRaau oS'b oxe- 
qecTBt, npoSyAHJiH aacHyBoiee hb Bpeiifl ^yacxBO HapoxROCTH h 
AjbM»pibuiHJCfl06Bo6oAHTi»KeltcTyTaR MasaTb BirbcTft ch hrmi. 
Do TUfaTejbHOHi ocMOipi^ ortob aaRHHaeMoM bmh romrbtu, 
OBH hbirjh HedojbRiyH) HRmii^ oCpaBOBBBmynca on daRiaARR 

OKHB, ROT#p06 BUXOXRJO HB RpftOOCTHOJt pOBl. Ajb«l» ffOCTaJll 

HeoSioAHUifl opywfl h wb ixmmA HoqR ohh opRCTynEjR ri 
paGoTt, pesyjbTaToiTb Roxopott fiujio 8Ha«iHT6JbHoe oTaepcTie, 
^pesii ROTopoe jerRO 6fiiio npoaftBTb qejoafcRy. Fiyuffb 6ja- 
ronpiflTHytt HSRyTy, ohh o6a cnycTHJMCb wh poBi h, RBRHByBi 
Ha ceGfl puiiapcRoe ojaxbe, cnoRoitHO, ho TopouBCb, BuftxajR 
Mb RpftnocTR, HB jomaxH'b, ROTopui'b Ajb^ii aa6jiaroBpeHeHHHo 
XOCTan Hsi ROHWfflHH BBJHRaro ROMBHAopa. Gxpaasa ten bgr 
laro BBTpyxHeHia oxBopnja iswb Bopoxa, flaxony qxo cuimaja 
Htaemyio p£qb h BHA^bJa punapcRie njian^H; BOCbiia ecxecxBe^ 
HO 6iuo el noAyiaxb, htq Butsxaioxi pui^apH a'h Hciiojne- 
Hii RaRoro HH6yAb nopyqemfl, wo, rohowo, ciyMajiocb ho pbA* 
Ko. Bcxpt^Hue pioi^ipH xBRse choroMho h AOBip^HBO Hxii npH- 
B'bxcxBOBajH R xaRRHi oGpasotti* Keicxyxi AocxRrb HaaoBiH, 
KHHSb Roiropofi 6hLn seRBXi HB AO^epH ero, JI^aHyxib. Hbi 
J[H6fflxeAxa SeitcxyrL oxapaBHJi oGpaxHo jiomaAefl aeJiHRaro 
KORBHAopa, a h3i TpoRi HBHHoaJi'b aejiHROMy Maracxpy iiHCb- 
Ro, Bib RoxopoMi HBCiTbuLuiBO GjfaroABpRj'b 3a oRaaaRHoe 
rocTenpincxBO h o(r&qajr'b vb dy^ai, eciH Maracxpx hjih 
KaKoi jehGo cbrobhrri opAeaa nonaAexcfl bi ero pyRR, bu* 



- 18 - 

6patb Hitii-iiOM^iueHie, hs'b soToparo He TWh Jierso OyA^Ti 
yttxH. ^^ Cjil^AOBajio ^u oasHAaTb, ^to AByspaTHUtt ujL^wb cut- 
laerB SeftcTyxa 6oji6e ocToposraurb, HayvHTb ero aaOoTHTbCH 
CBoeJt SesonacHOCTH, CToib Heo6xoxHMo& ^n ero noMafleuxi, 
HO yAajiaa naiypa ncTiHHaro JiiTOBi^a 6ujia HexocTyDHa hm 
hoaoShuxi BaeqauibHitt ; HanpoTHBi» ycn&x'b, ci soTopuMii 
yxaiocb KeitcTyTy Asa pasa ocBofioAirbei nn pyRi» Henpia- 
xeifl, TOAKO saoxowBaii ero n hobumi aopHrairb. E^Ba 

BOpOTHfiniHGb Bl JiHTBy, OWb COGpaJTb BOfiCKO H 6pOCHJ[Cfl OHy- 

CTomaxb CyAaaiio h TajniHAii); aaMu lorasHicSyprb h da- 
Repc6eprb 6um mmu h coaoKeBU, hxx HaqanHHKH nonancb 
wb utwb Hjn noniSjiH) HeiiHorie CtsajiH, h yse jBXOBCKie 
HafisAUHRH BOBBpan^ajracb ci Ao6&iqeJt AOMoit^ aaaii HeosHA^HBo 
nonaiH vi sacaAy; bi> npoHomeAmeft GhxbA Bettexyrb, c6po^ 
meHBUft ci ROHfl, CHOBa 6Eijrb Bsarb. He Hiifteirb ocBOBama 
coMHi^BaxbCH wb cnpaaeAJiHBocxii axoro HSBi^cxia, cooSnieHHaro 
BflraHAOiTb n GxpuitROBCKHirb,^^ xoxa oCiflCHeme ero xpexbaro 
ocBofiosAeHia HeSpeasHocxbio, ci> Roxopoio cxeperjiH ero pui^api^ 
HeaojbHo BHymaexi HeAoatpie. IIpoBeAH bch) SHSHb cboi) bi 
nocTOflHHott, osecxo^eHHott 6opb6ib ci opAeHon, Bettcxyxi He 
oxnqaicfl xok> HeHaaHcxbio ri pui^apairb, Roxopyn xaaii 
cnpaBCAJiRBO nHxajH rx HHirb jhtobi^u, ohi* A^se judOhii 

XftXl H3X HHXl, ROXOpEie HO Oro MHiHilO GUUIH HCXSHHUm pU- 

i^apsMH X. e. 6ujiH xpa6pu, ch^jiu h GjiaropoAHu,^^ niftHHue 
Rpecxofiocuu A^a^cb ero APysbaHH h ooxaaajmcb y Hero Ha- 
BcerAa'^ h He pasi HarROcepAeuutt RHflSb cnacaji cbohxi 
aparoBi oxi saROHHoS hjh, no Rpaflnefi Mftpib, noHflXHott apocxa 
CBOHXi noAAaHHiJxi; xaRi npa BsaxiH IoraHHHc6ypra o3J[o6- 
leRHaa pp Hejib3H Jlnxaa xpeOoaaja cMepxH acero rapHHaona, 
Ha^aibHHR'b aaMRa Oxxohi, cxapRRi erb a^P^bhhhoio HoroD, yiio 
mn Reficxyxa o Hon^aAib CBOHX'b noAWHHeHUX'b b npoAJiaraji 
CBOK) »H3Hb, RBRb if^Hy viVb cHaceHia. DopaiseHHuit xaRHiii* 



-^ 19 - 

BciHKbAyniieiii BeScTyrB nwh cBoOoAy OTTOHy u yerupeM'L pii- 
uapflMi no ero B£i6opy, ociajEbHUxi se Mumd-h cboGoaiiI, ho no- 
KJiflicfl mrL GoxpaHUTb sif3ub. Bi> APyrofi paax nonajiCH bi» njitei 
iieyMOJUMufi u EpaftHC secTOEift eparB JhtuU) ROMaHAop'L Cyp- 
6axi, uapoAi> 6ujii wb eocToprt, BafiA^JioTiii pibiuHM^ ^to cos- 
Beaie iijitHHHRa SyAerb caiiOH) yroAuoio h npiaTHOio 6oraHX 
sepTBOH); RefictyTL^ He sejaa Sutb secxoKHHik, OTBasHJicfl 
HATH npOTHBx oCuiiaro acejiaHifi h KOMaHAopi* Sbijrb cnaceHi>. ^^ 

noCTOflHHblfl CHOmeflifl Cb 0pA6H0Ml H SHBROMCTBO Cb BanBAHOiO 

EBponofi ^^ He npoHSBejH Ha ReftcnyTa uh Majifiniaro BJiiaHiff, 

OHl OCTHJICfl HCTfilMl) J[HT0B^eH^ , CTpOrHH'b XpaHHiejeM'b HB- 

poAHUX'b o6uqaeBi> h HBbiqecKOfi Bi^pbi npeAKOB'b. GnpaBeA^UHBO 
yTBepasAaion , qio Rettcryrb 6iurb aocjiiAu^H) onopoio otsh- 
BanniEaro CBofl him» BsuqecxBa ; ero soHHTbOa na BafiAejioTKt 
BHpyirb He Hoserb cjiysHTb AOK&BaiejibCTBOMi npoTHBHaro, 
OHa GRopte yRaauBaerb hb RpafinioH) ero BneqaTJiHTejibHoeTb, 
qtvb Ha HeyBasenie npeAnHcanifi pejiHriH. yaieqeHHufi Rpa- 
CHBOH) npHi^eio 6orHHH npaypHMU) KettoTyrb^ rbhi bc% jhoah, 
CTOflflpe BHib yMtpflionfaro BJiiaHia i^HBHJBdaiQH, aaOuBaerb Bce 
H Afise pftmaeTCfl napymHTb pejurioanue ycraBu, tbrx rbrx 
OHH EjfjTb Ha HepoRopi^ ero nqHoiiy BieqemBO. 

noAo6HUH RaqecTBa h iRHSHb, HcnoiHeHHafl cjibbhuiii hoa- 
bhtobx bi 6opb6ft Cb aaRiflTUMi BparoMi JIhtbu CHHCRajH 
SetteryTy yBasenie h rjyOoRyio npeAaHHOcxb Bcero jinroBCRaro 
napoAa; no OMepn OjbrepAa bth qyaoTBa aoishli Oluih eusfi 

yCHUTbCfl^ BCjtACTBie CAHHIROIIX BBHl^THOfi pa3HHI(bI HOSAy 

flrejuoiTb H EeMcTyTOM'b. UocAnwA, HecMoipa na cboh 80 

jiTb, B^pHO OTOpOSHJTb pOAHyiO SeMJIEO BT^ TO BpeMfl , ROFAB 

nepBbiit npeABBajcfl 6e3AtficTBiio h yAOBOJibCTBiaifb hjih A^ft* 

CTBOBai'L y OCROp&ilfl GOJIbHiyH) WCTb CBOHXl HOAAdHHbDL'b. ^^ 

EoHeqflo opAOHii pac^HTUBajTb na bth naqecTBa aejiHRaro rhabh 
H QOTOHy ceMb pa3% HanaAajL hb JbiTBy bi xeqeme 1378 r. 



- ao - 

H ipH pasa E^ cAnjiomfiWb 1379 r., ^^ utan vro Kb nep- 
Bue ABB roxa, no aMepn Ourepxa, orpoMHoe npocTpaHciBO — 
Becb saoyntaHCfiift spafi h qacTb Fyci on Ji^aaro tepera M- 
Mana, noqie ao canaro Byra — 6u jo osoHqaiejibHO passopoHO h 
oGpaiuocb fill nycTUHH). ^' TpyAHO B&pHTb, wto flreuo octe 
Bajicfl cooKottHUH'B 3pKT6j[ein> noAoOnuxii ycn&LOB'b opxeea, 

HO HCTOUHEH HH^erO HO C006lI(a«)TL MtpaX'b, BOTq)H& 6UM 

iipHHflTU mtfb HIE saqHTU rocyAapcTBa; oarh'b touko Beit- 
ciyTi MCTHjTb pm^apaiTB, oTBft^aa aa utl hoxoau BHeaanHUHH 
BTopseHiflMH wb DpycciiO) fa^ lesAy npouM'b oh'l paasopHXL 
HecTepSypr'b h nj^Him a^BtcxHaro aaiTL Cyp6axa.^^ BbsaM 
CTBie ArejiJia, BOHoqBO, hoiwmo Sjujo CAepsHBaTB A^flTeibHOCTb 
EettcTyia^ noTony ^to Qpfaa% ero awh 6ujo HeAOcraTowo, 
<ito6k[ cAepsaib opAeffb^ qoai* SBaHeHeN'B Koroparo cpasajucii 
H6 TOjbRO ero pui^apH) ho a MHOffOwoieHHue focth, npHxo- 
AHBHiie SHTbCfl cb HOBipHuiiH H BoAcEo , HaHHTOc Wb sanaAHoft 
Eaponfi, npemyQecTBeHHO bi TepifaHiH. ^^ BecbMa ecTeGTBOHHo 
HOBTOtfy^ ^To SeficTyrb oxotho opHCTaJTb n AOi'OBopy^ noMOiqbio 
KOToparo poSaift flrejio xoitii BynHib enoKOitoTme xofa hm 
qaoTH OBOHX'b noAA^HHUX'b. GHa^aja OHb nuTajoa daRi»WTb 
MRpX) soTopara ycioflufl pa(aipocTpaHfliHCb 6ii na ace juitob- 
CEO^pyecitoe rocyAapcTBO h na bc!6 BjaAtaia opAMa, ho pu- 
ij^apii He ooivsania jHCb , oTroBapHBaacb Ttvb, oto obji ota- 
aaHU BOCTH Biqayio, HeycxaHHyH) 6opb6y ci aeB'bpHiiiHH, 
OHH roTOBU 6UJ1H ocTaBHTb Wb mn&b voAbm pyccEia o6mcth 

JblTBU, T. e. t£, BOTOpUfl HCHOBtABIBaJH XpHCXiaHCTBO , Cb 

GBoefi CTopoHU H JOiTOBCBie EiflSbfl oSflaaHCb He HanaABTb na 
HSfii^CTflyH) TOJibEO qacTb BJiaA^Hift opAena. Tbehmi odpasoHii 

Kb MKpHUft AOpOBOpi, CO OTOpOHU JIhTBU, CuIH BEADieHU 

BojEOBuicE^, Cypaflsi, /l^porHUHi, MejbiniHi^ B&ibc^i'b, Be* 
pecTbe, BaieBei^'b H rpoAHO, a cocropoHU opAeHa^OoreppoAe, 
OpTejUbc6yprb, AjueHBiiefiH'b^ FyEiiayEeHb h 3ee6yprb. Miipb 3a- 



— 21 - 

Kjuoqen 6hUL'h aa 10 An. ^^ Bfon TpaBian ecTb flBjeme 
crpaBHoe h, aojuiho upiSHaTbCH, maio noHflTHoe; sacii yaub- 
Men ae caHoe saKJDqeiiie mipa^ Tan RaB^ h npesAe acTpl^- 
ueHi HOAoGiutt MfiTB, ^^ HO ero yoaofiiH, Roropufl anoiut 
6jaronpiflTHU JlHTfib h ae QpHHOGarB ooo66BHOtt butoau opAeay* 
SaaqiiTMbHaa warb MToacBoit PyoB, BaBi> mh bha^JIb, 6hiM 
vh fiouei^'b oayeronieAa bi le^eiiB 1378, 79 foaobi, TaRb 
vto, ecjH tei BfFopaieRifl pui^apelk npoAOJiaaJiBOb , raOejib ea 
Suia 6fii HQCOMRiflHa* OvBb xpyAHO ofrbacaiTb roiOiaHOOTb 
opAesa oexaBBTb ee ai noBoi, tofab sas'b TpeOoaajiocb oqeHb 
aeHBoro yoBJuil, «ito6x , paaopoB'b ee Bib Boaei^^, tbbi^ oBadaib 
BUHepsByTb ee mh BjaAtaifi BBfiaefii smoBcmTh. 06iacBeHifl, 
npaaoAHMbia OoftxioM'b b noBTopaenua bc^bui BoropBRaiiB, 
oBcaBBQWH Bocii^ flero, aasyTca mwb eoBepmeaflo BeocBoaa- 
TedbBUBU : CTpaaa, o6a3BaqeBBaa n TpaBrart, roaopBrb Oottxrb, 
iBAaaaa aaflJiMajiaob n^eJioBOACTBOMi , oxotod b puOaoio 40b- 
jeio, Beo6xoABMo fiuio oGeanewTb eil ca«BofiHoe oxupaajeBie 
91811 saBaTifl^ wk apoTBBBOii^ cjytfal^ Baceieaie Bueeiarca b 
Kpait oSpavBTOB n ayeTUflio Do aaiBeMy MBiaiiO) ^^m 6bi bb 
aaaBMajioeb saoeieBie 4i8BiiOTBoft iilbcTBoeTfl, aoflBa apeAHo bo- 
Aitterayerb oa aeaaaro poAa aaoaTie, aaaaaBflbifl aume eu^e 
aeffbe Bcero orb Bea oipaAaiorb; iKaeiKBM'b, hto neflpiaTejib 
Bosserb paaaopBTb Dae^RB) bo owb ne BcrpeSarb pu6u bi pi- 
Kai-L H oaepa&i b ho nepecTpijaerb acett ffmi^ BOTopoK) bbo- 
OHioaaJB jr&ca jiBToacRott PycB ; ecjiaQu aacejieBie aaflBiiaJLOCb 
aeajBAi^^eiiii, apoAb BaaeceBBiiitt b^Aboio Gun 6u BecpaBfleRBo 
ysaofl'fce. Ho n^tm corjiauiaacb, 9x5 o^eab ipyABO, (yb imtoieH'b 
$o&XTa, MU Be BBABU^b BBRBRoro Do6y«A^Bi;i i(M opA^Ha npj- 
ooraBaajuiBaTb aoAay b31i onaceHia oSpaiaxb cxpaay Bb 6e3- 
JKWiyB) nycxuBW, Baupoxaaii mu BBA'bW) vxo opAeai noio- 
BHTejbRo I'b axoMy cxpeNBJicfl b> fiiarc^A^pa BeopocxBxejbfloiiy 
OesAi^ttcTBiM) flre4Jia, aaaqBiejibHo yse A^^XBrayjTb qbJiB. Oaa- 



- 22 - 

syrb ^ noasajfyii ^ qTO cnoKoftcTBie 6ujo HeoSxoAHHo tkwh op- 
/leHCBnM^ RpaflHi , KOTopue 6um noHHeROBaHU Kb rpmntb^ 
HO ntnh BoeHHoe cqacTbe Cujo Ha cropoHt opAena : owh o6pa- 
niajiii Bi> nycTUHH) BjaflibBifl BpasA^GHUxb KHflaeil, a eiiy ot* 
B^qajH AByMfl HeBasHUHH HaCtraiiH. Bujio coBepiueBHo neco 
uacHO H c% 6jiaropa3yMieMi h ci Rpaflne pacqeTWHOio noiH- 
THROH) opAeua ocTanaaJHaaTkCff uepeAi» A^Jbio, RorAa hm ao* 
CTH»eHifl ea ocTaeajiocii CA%JiaTi> oahhi TOJibBo marb. HeoGxo- 
AHMO 6uj[o, roBopHTb Kdiiie nami aBTopi^ npeRparaxb bi» 03- 
HaqoHHuxi CTpanaxi 9Ty xiiniiHHqeGRyH) h pa36ofiHHqi>ii> Bofifly^ 
ROTopaa HHFA^ He Moria GuTb BeAena c^ TaBHirb ycni^xoHi : 
umpoRBfl, wb 12Mifjb) nojoca Jitca paarpaHH^HBajia BpasA^S* 
HUfl CTopoHbi H npeACiaBjaja nojHoe yA06cTB0 RaBi» ajh fine- 
dBHHaro HanaAeHifl ^ tbri u cnaceHia oT-b npecj-bAOBanifl ; ho 

HKE BHA^JIH^ KaR% XOpOUIO BOCHOJVb^OBaJCfl dTHMH yAOOCTBaMH 

opAeHi H tbwh CTpafiH^e ^m hbci^ qTO ohi corjiacHica na 
3aRjiH)yeHie MHpa. CoaepffleHHO onpaBeAJiHBO oSiHCHaerb Ooftxrb 

HOOyaBAeHifl , ROTOpUMH pyBOBOACTBOBajlHCb RHa3bfl JIHTOBCRie, 

npeAiaraa MHpi opAeny: cnoRoMcTBie 6um ptniHTCJibHO h6o6* 
XOAHHO A^H jHTOBCRaro rocyAapcTBa H«eu^e 6ojiike HysA^jca 
Bi> Hern* HOJiOAott BejiHRifi RHasb, neyii'bpeHHKitt wb APy^fii 
6paTbeBi>, caM^, rbri yBHARMi, pa3puBaiotuifi cb jsfiffiio h no- 
TOMy A^psaBHiifi CRuneTp'L eii^e cja6oH), HeoRpl^nmeio pyROio; — 
aTo coBepmeRHO cnpaBeAJtHBO, ho cabb ji» rto corjiacnrcfl, 4to 
H BejiHRift MarHCTpi> xorbM'b noROH^Hib bth xoniiHHqecRie na* 
!b3Abi H3X oTBpaqeHifl ri noAo6HOMy cnocofiy BeAenia BottHU, 

nOROH^HTb B^ TO BpOMH , ROFAa OHH ORBSBJIH TBROe ySBCHOe 

A^ficTBie H HOBjeRjiH TBRia cTpamHUfl nocji^ACTBia nin nenpia- 
lejbCRaro Bpaa. Ttwb 6ojite Hejibaa corjacHTbca ci dTHiirb, 
4T0 opAeni h Bnocj^ACTBiH A^psaJiCfl tbroS tbrturh .H TaRi» 
Bcl^ BuroAu Ha CTopoHt Jrtbu, opAeHx BejiHROAymuo oTCTy- 
naoTCH orb cbohx^ ycntooBi h npeRpan^aoTi aofiny, Rarb 



~ 23 — 

lasercff, ToibRo ^MB Toro, ^rro6fii xaib Bpary Bpena coOpaibCfl 
ci CHjaHH. ^^ Mu OTRposeHHo ooBHajHCb, yTO He noHHHaeMi 

BBOJBi DOOySAeHiM, EOXOpUHH pymBOXCTBOBajCfl OpAOHb, HO 

Bce TflBH uo3BOJfl6Hi ce6fi CA^jaTb HtaoTopufl opeAnojioseiiifl- 
Bo BCBKoe eiiyTHoe Bpena, a iiepBue roAU EHflseHifl. flrejja 
nteiii nojHoe npaBO cquTaib OMyTHumi, no OTHanieHiflHi ero 
n 6paTbflMi» H xflA'b, Hacejraie rooyAapcTBa a^htch BcerAa 
Ha napTiH;. raei 6uao h bi JiHTBb, bx HeM oOpasoBajRCb uap- 
Tia pyccKHxi n napiifl JHTOBCRaa ; nivh coHflibHifl, «ito nepBue 
TgroTtJH Kh flrejuy, ifpaBOOjaaie Roroparo HecoiiuftHHO, a jhtob 
iMJ cTbcmuHCb OROJO BettcTyTa, Ran nociiAHflro sao^HTHHRa 
H upeACTaBHTejifl fl3uqecTBa. Ha nepauxi nopaxi CBoero npaajie- 
Hifl, ArejJio, A^ttcTBya neoGAyMaHHo, ocRopOHU pyccRoe qya- 
CTBO, HO, Raserofl, CRopo hohrbi obox) 0DtH6Ry9 OBii aaxoT^JEii 

DpRHHpHTbCfl CI HBHH H, ROHeqHO, AOOTHrb CBOfi U^bm, daRllD- 
4HBI NHpi), ROTOpUtt AOCTaBJflJI'b pyCCRHIfb CHOROftCTie H B03- 

RosHocTii noibsoBaTboa GoraTCTBaMH CBoeit cipaau. HBJiHniHaa 
ycTyiiqHBOCTb opAeaa Moserb 6uTb oSiacHeHa lOJibRo Ti^M'b, 
mto yse arb to apeMa aaqaiHCb (fb uewl CHomoHia flreua 
n BHAaii ooBORynfiaro A^ftcTfiia opoTHBX BettcryTa; npeAQOJO- 
xeflie BTO oqeub aftpoaTHO, TaRi» rbrx bi c^jijjbmidwb 1380 
roAy saRJwqeHi 6ujb ^opMaibautt TpaRTaiib Cb aTOio i][tjibH>, 
a ToqHoe oupeAtjeuie aaqajia cHomeHift HeB03M0SH0. yqaciie 
SettcTyTa b^ mpHOHi Aoroaoplb Toase hohatho, noTOMy qio 
oj^BH'b owb fie Morb npoTHBHibca opAOHy; apoMft xoro ecTb 
ocHOBaflie npeAHOjararb o 3aRjiH>qeHiH bi> Toase apeiifl MHpa ci 
HtA(nD JIhtboio, xoia noAoteoe ycjtoaie ae Oiuio BHOceHo ai 

HaRHCaHBUit AOi^Bopi. ^^. 

Tenepb wb jditobcroM Hciopm, Ha nepauft niaffb, au- 
XBHraiDTCfl OTHODieHiH Areua js% BeftcTyxy^ nocj^AHift.. uoca- 
AHBmiil flreju» aa aiueacROH'b ctojiI^ b'b to Bpena, Rarb Morb 
jerfio npKcaoHTb ce6i& BajHRORBaaiecRoe aoctohhctbo, no cnpa-^ 



- a4 - 

BeAJUiBOCTH AOJiveH'^ ovHTan^ca lAaroxtxejieirB Areua, xi&M'b 
601*66, t|To OH^ He orpaHiRucfi qahoio aroio yoiyrofi: b^^ho 
3aHflTufl 6opb6oK)i ^ opAesiirb, Kowpafl CA'6^aj»oii iwh ynapfia 
wh nepBue roAu aHflseaii 4reJ4a, SeficTyTi nonoraji'^ eiiy 
H fii ynpaBiraiif rocyxapefrBCiKii; doao6ho Tony, wxh wb, npM 
iRHdHH OjiBrep^a, upil^aaajni wh BubHy aael^xaTb bii ero co- 
b£t%, TsiTb a Teoepb qpoxoasa^'b oai» 'baj^HTb ri «CTapuirk 
paxaMiii^^ T.e. bi> eTapuH'b, (Kiibrep/(OB(iiMi> coBi^Tfl|[itaiii» h Ay 
Majii ci> HHMH AtJBiax^ npsBAeHiii. KaR% hh AftjBUi> feiji'b 
flrejuio, DOAofiHoe Biri^niai^MTBQ a»Ak B'b ynpaajteaia ero ihi- 
secTBOM'b He HOMO eiHy ipaBimofl, a eqe tejfte ero jio6hji- 
vi^mb H Mu Bnoj[H'& noHVMaeifi^^ ^to KeKeiyrb 3aoiM9iPH(i& bi 
coBib'Tb OjibrepAd a OHii ve jnyiiaio^ift cb caiapuiiH pfiAWiH, b% 
TO BpeMa, BBK'b N0ii0A(>il fireiuo npoAaaaJicfl yAOBOACTBigM'b 
np6ACTaBJiflji% M^oio ABi ooBepurawo paama^HUifl jewjacTii. Bi 
nepBOMii C4y«af6) isaR'b A^puft h itpHToifb MJ^u^mitt 6parb) 
BnojHi B%piiB«i|it wb DpeaooxoACTBo O^brepAB, ohi asiitjca 
ToibRo Hcqo«HHTejieiiii ero JiJiaHoaii , ao BTopoMi ero doraraa 
oHbiTOM'b oTapo«Tb a MOJOAOCTb flfojua , ero HoycTanHaa A^fl- 
TojibHOCTb Ha nojibsy oieq^cTBa a.4%aocTb Arejua, AOJvaw Sujih 
BHymHTb eiiy aecbaia HeauooBoe npeAOTaajeai^ o nJicwaHUHRft 
H yO^AUJiH f ro« mto Ojiaro oxeuecTBa aaRJuo^aerca wh Haiiii», wo 
OHi> OAHHi ttotterb aanpBBHTb ero oo hcthrhoM a^P^^* ^^'^ 
TbHH BjiacT0j(id6iH , 6e3% majiMaiaro ffiBJiaaifl rocnoACTBoaaTb 

Bl VySHXl IMAi^Hifll'b , 0H1» AOiaea^ ObUTB Bb HtBOXOpblX'b 

cayqaaxii paeiiopasaTbca wh BajibHft no eBoeny npoHsao^y a 
noTOHy CAtJiaxcff cHaqaia HenpiaTBbiiii , a noToirb h aeaa- 
BHCTHUH'b Jlrejjiy, bh xapaRxep'b ROToparo paao upoiajaiovoa 
BiacTOJiDGie h veeTOJiDfiie. ^ ^ dra HenpiHTHua oTHOueHia MeasAy 
AflAeM H njieiiaHHHROMi jCb oco6eHHO]o peBHocTbH) AOJimu 6uih 
noAAepsaaaifbCH JUoSaHi^aHa nocji^ABflro, Horoiiy 4T0 KeicTyTb 
CBOHMi BMi^oiaTeuorBoirb orpaHH^HBan mn^ Biiaaie^ ho hob- 



A 



- 35 - 

lojuii Hn OAftMTboa nepBuni intiibMB wh roeyAapcTBft ; 
fAn coMH^Hia, MTQ ficft oMu ii0HaBiiA6jui KeiieTyfa, ho jitTO* 
DiQH ocraBEU lavb peacnsi tojuo 061 aAHOWi BoiAUJiit^ 
KOHe^HO^ DOTOMy tro OHii 6iiiJii> fijuse BOfei'L n t&rejjy n 
ciiAOBETeibHo fiajte xpymi> AOJneHi» 61m HeHaBHAtTb era- 
pare RHSfl. &TWk BoilAUuo^ wjiOBiEif »i8Earo nfomumumn^ 
neBapb mi ouirb leiapii ^ iiotom^ oocTejbHHqiJI h spaB<iift 
OarepAa, HaKOHeq'B 6oapHH^ n HaMiborinm JiAcaift, /flcrnsn 
npH flrejuK Bcero, hb mo mov% paevimiBaTb noAAdHHuM; ao- 
BlpoHHoe nufi rocyAapa, BaHRMBfl qaho hbi BasHfiitmix'b 
Mtcn, offB A&xe flopoAiuea ei flrejitn, BBBHflCb hb poAfloft 
cecrpi Bfo MapiH, baobA khabb jljaaiAa noAoSnafl qecrcb, obb- 
saHHBB noAA&HHOMy ao HBABfl paacepAua KeiorryTa, <«i rpodiio 
Bupaaum eaoe HeroAOBBHie Ha to^ vra nieMfliiHAy ero, jm^ 
OiurepAB, bua&m, Kftn roBopuii offB, aa xojiHia. OSHseHHuA 
BotUiu4o pftmHJicfl MCTBTb; muk 9Taro eiiy oitAoaajo TOJibRo 
BoaMQVHo 6ajile BOBCTaHoaaTb BdAHsaro Kaasg hpothbi a^Ah, 
vro 61110 oqeHb jerno, laBi mwb w% npeAuecvBOBaBmaa 
AiflTe^bHOCTb SeficTyfa upohbbbjui yaie a^biia HonpiaTfloe ane 
qaTjrbfiie Ha flpejja, OA'biaja ero roxoBiiMii n BpasA^; ^Th 

COMHtHlfl) no H OpABHl^ BOTOpOliy 6hJIH TBi'b BuroAau MBBlAy* 

ycoSifl Kb iRTBt, yoorpeSHj'b m% OTapaflia, hto6u paBAyTb 
BaiiHBaioHiiyiDca Bpa»Ay MOSAy BasHfAnniiiH jnn^fieNHMH KHi3b- 
ffm. ^^ EcTb MBoro AMasaTeibcxBii , ^to TaBoaa 6ujia oojii- 

TBKa OPAOHB, ^' HO Bl HaCTOBHteMl paBCBBBft 0006^HH0 BasHoe 

liCTo BBHHMaerb Hiiobito BOJiiifiaro HOHauAopa BubrejibMa 
FeibMHoiTefiHa si BejiMBofl uaniHfi K)jiiaini1b. Hftrb conHftHia, 
1T0 Bap6yTb ornHfica, othocb ero ri Apyrott nojieaHfe 1382,^^ 

TOfil BHCblia H HMeHHO TOFO Mtoia, FAlb rOBOpHTCA Refi- 

cryrt, oosBOJBfflen B&HJH)qaTb, vro oho 6buo RanicaHo en^o 
Bi TO BpeiiB, lorAB flreuo cHAlurb bi BiHJibHib, a KettcTyn 
BT> Tpoiaii H KorAa emfi He feiJio iieatAy hhmh oxapincdl 



- 26 — 

BpasAU* IlRCbHO 9T0 ^ co^epsa mboto npiiiTHaro aia H)iiaHfiu 
H 68 cuBosefi, aTHOCHTGH Rpaftfle cypoBo Rib RefleryTy^ aaau- 
aaerb ero 6%meHHoil coSaffOft n npaio npniiHCiiBaeTi eiiy na* 
ntpeaie jmuiHTb flreua bc^xx ero BjaAl^aift h oxHOiiy ynpae* 

JflTb JIhTBOID. npH HdBtCTHHXX yse Hani OTHOnieHiflXli ARAH 

Kb njreiiaHHHKy, nocjitAHi'^ 6^^ cBiOHeaii noBftpHTB ueBer6, 
TaRi p'bmHTej&Ho BupasenEoft reAboeHmTeftROMi r OTflomeflia 
9TH, ROHeMHO, A^JiXRU 6hLja yxyAHiRTbCfl ; ro npesAe n^wb 
npHGTynHTb ki» ptmRrejikHOHy o6pady A'bfiCTBifi, flrejiJo AOJseHi 
6ujrb coc^HTaTb cboh chjiu r xoponio HpRroTOBHTbCR Kb 6opb6t. 
Owb cjraOoH) r HeoRptRuieio eu^e pyROR) nepmarb cRRnerpi, a 
ReficTyrb 6ujrb RptnoRi Ha caoearb HpecTOjrb, BCifkjsfyme itxi. 

^BeTB^^ ROTOpUfl RHTajO Kb HOHy IRTOBCROe RJieHfl. O^eBRAHO, 

MTO flrejiJiy 6ujrb nyseni coiOBHRR'b^ HattTR ROToparo 6ujio He 
TpyAHO ) TdRi RBR'b opAeHii BupasBjii laRoe ropaqee coqycTBie 
Kb ero nojioseHiio h tbr^ RORpeHHO cosajii^ji'b o&b oaacHoorrflX'b, 
fiOTopuR rpo3RjR oMy CO CTopoHM Gl^uieRoft coOrrr; ho Bd^Hl*, 
a T^wb 6ox66 flreuy, 6ujio H3BtcTH0, ^to opAeni saRjiaToit 
Bpari Jhtbu, qTo owb no Moserb ftojiaTb eft ffi6fti h qro 
eARHCTBeHHaa i^jb ero saRjno^aeTCfl wb en rnCejiH; bi jh 
TOBCBott HCTOpiR BOCbMa p^ARH npHH'bpbi corjaiDeHitt ex opAe- 
HOHi Kb Hewb 6bi TO HH 6UJI0 ; HOHaBRAa pbii^apdB, jihtobi^u 
B'b fioAbmefi <iacTR cjiyqaeai npeARO^HTajiR CMepib nitRy, t^hi 
Meni^e BoaHoiSHa OuJia hm hrxi R3ii'6Ha' BecbHa HeHHorie 
qacTHue cjiyqan , Roneqao He onpoBepraiorb uauiero HH^Hifl : 
ToqHo TdRi, RaRi 6ujiH pui^apR, RBiiftHflBnne caoeHy o6irj 
R CBoefi Hai^idHa^ibHOCTH , 6ft3BaBnrie B'b JlHTBy , ta^ o6urho- 
BOHHO aaHRHajiR AOJiSROCTH nepeBOAqHROBi R yqRTeJveit, TaR^ 
6b]j[H R JlRTOB^bI, oepe6traBHiie Kb IIpycciH), rAib rxi npHRH* 
MajiH c^ Bej[RqaflmHMi> paAyniieHL^ MTofrb r APyrRxi saoxoTRTb 
Kb ytm^Ht oTeqecTBy; ^^ 9Tr neiiRorie QpHiitpbi He RSMt- 
RflfOTb o6ii^aro TOfia OTHomeRifl JIrtbu r^ opAeny^ MRHAoarbi 



— 27 — 

BomexmiS bi» CHOineHia ci puaapaiiii, RaRi H3BibcTflo, He 6ujii 
HCKpeHeei h, JHinb TOJibRo o6cTOflT6jibCTBa noTpeSoeajH, cxt- 
jajcfl Hsi Apyra aparoMi. RopHreuo h EyrraBi, nepaue npu- 
Straiorb bi hxi» noRpoBHTejbCTBy, noccopflfimnob ci OT^oirii, 
ciiXOBareaBHo paciHTUBaa Ha ooMon^b hxi npOTHBi Hero, ho 
opAeHii pbniHTejbHO HH^ero A<ifl hhii ho c^i^Jiajrb h Ropnrejijo 
CKopo B03BpaTHAca Ri oTi^y, a By TTaBi> ROTopony noHpaBHjacb 
poib CTpaHCTByiDHiaro pui^apH, oTnpaBHJca ro xBopy HMnepa- 
Topa Rapja lY; HecpaBHeHHO 6ojite RHaaefi nepexoAHJio wb co- 
ctAHN)io Pycb, TBROBU AflApelt noioqRift, HapHMynrb, flBHyrb, 
jl^MHTpift OibrepAOBHMi u AP-) HO ryrb utM oSiacHfleTca tAmi 
fia&Huirb BjiflHieMii, ROTopoe uutii* Kb JhtbA ajeHeHin pyo 
ccifi, caMOH) SHa^HTejbHocTbi) pyccRHXi aeiieib, BXOAHBmHxii 
Wb cocTaBi iHTOBCRaro rocyAapcTBa, mo nocTeneHHO noAroro- 
BHio BsriflA'b Ha coc^ahioio Pycb, ne bbri na ^ysAYK) CTpany, 
HO fiarb Ha npoAOJsenie jHTOBCKo-pyccRaro 0Te«iecTBa, HHi^ioqee 

Bt> CKOpOMl BpeMeHH 0B0H<iaTejlbHO CJIHTbCfl Cb Jhtboh). 06%' 
flCHflfl TBRHMl oSpaSOHl HepeXOAbl JIHTOBCRRXl RHflSeft Vh HO 

cEOBCKoc rocyAapcTBo , mu BOBce He sejiaeHi CRaaaTb , 4T0, 
flocryoag laRi*, ohh ne HaH^HajiH cBoeMy oieqecxBy h CBoeiiy 
BepioBHOMy rocyAapH), HSiiftHa 6ujia, ho bo BCflROM'b cjiyqai^ 
Neaie ycHJutt TpeOoBajocb JiHTOBCROHy Bnaaio, eiy 6ujio jer^e 
nepefiTH bi MocRBy, HoBropoA^, IIcrobi, qtm* iRRTb bo bjib- 
f!kmvb opAena TaRHM'b oSpasoNi flreuo, pikniaacb Ha coiobi 
ci) pui^apflHH, nocTynaj'b npoTHBHO npeAaHiaiii jihtobcroU hc- 
TopJH, npoTHBHo HHTcpecaM^ H qyBCTBaMi napoAa h bboahji 
Bi JHTBy TOTb nopflAORi* fieu^efi^ Roropufi nory6HjrT> Ilpycdio, 
^6 y w^Th ewfi 6ujro wb catsefi naMflTH 

Bi na^aj'b 1380 roAa BBRJioyeHi SbiJix AoroBop^ ci m- 
BOHcsHirb HaracTpoMii, Bi ROTopoirb npHMo GRasaHo, qTo lfHpi») 
ycraflOBjeHHuM bthhi AoroBopoirb ne pacnpocipaHHeTCH na 
SetlcTyTa h ero BjiaAtnifl^ ''^ aa T%wh citAoaajo HsatCTHoe 



— 28 - 

GBi^aHie noA'B jj^ttBHAiraiBaMH, HOAFOTOMaHHoe apeABapHTMUHiiE 
neperQBQpaMtt, soto^b bmho^ ^pea^b uocpoAOTBO BotfAW[<iB. 
B'L BToan CBHnmsL^ ipoM'b fireua h era opiiABopH(ixi> yua* 
criioBaiiH TBRsa BmoBrb h BBBH'b, cuh'v n B^yBi EetttcTyTa. 
KnflBBH ciAiajmeb (Xh mjaaoLWh BonauA^poBii h APynnui HJa- 
HaHH opABHa^ RaaaJtaeb, ToibRO hm Toro, htoGh oJMpmm% 
ynpa^HTb ApysBCTBeHHua oTHonieHifl^ HawBiiiuu;ii eo bpoiibhh 
BBRHD^Hia TpeRTara 1379 r. IIoBHAHMOHy ohh hb i,vr%m aa 
HEHBTbCfl A^^^BfliH ; BpeMi apoxoAHJio fill oxoxt H napax^, ro- 

TOpUB AUBBJIflCb nOO^BpC^HO oMhUU GTOpOBaMH. Ho B'h TO 
BpBHfl, ROFAB RHflBbfl H MBSAy HHMH CUH'B SBflCTyTB OXOTiUHiek 

H nHpoBBiH, AOBipBHHua m^z Cujui BaHBTU Ban<io.^Hieiiii ho- 
Baro AoroBopa msAy flreMoifb h opAOHOJH'b, aoTopuS aaRpiii- 
JERJTL neasAy hhmh towffh , HanpaBJieflHiAS JipaTRBT> SeflcTyra ; 
B^ HeM^ npaHo roBopHTOH , mo ecjH opA6<i7> BToprBOTca bo 
BJiiA'bHia xpoRCRaro RBaaa, to Stum Mosen* BWiecTii b% 

BOJie CBOH BOfiCRB, HO HB A0J8eHl> BCTynaTb Bl) 0HX«y Ch pu- 

i^apaMH, m'h dToro cjil^AyBT^^ uto aoitcRa a^^shbi 6^m bu* 
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06ft efopoBU) BBR^iowBttiia A^^oaop'b 13$0 r., o^bbhapo , oahb 
Apyryio o6MaHUBajii : opabhi, cSjiHsaicb e/h Areuowb^ pac^H- 
TbiBajn HB OKopyio FHfiejib KettcTyTB, mcuA ^ero, BJiaA^a yase 
ero otempHiOirb^ RBEsecTBOirb^ OHb Hon jaciaTb Go6a aaAeac- 
AOH) 6631) ooofeHfiaro TpyAB cupaBHTbca cb flrejijioHi>. CGyAyTca 
HJH Hftrb ero hbabvaU) bo BCHROMb cjcynaft, 0B^ flocTyaaii 
wh BfaicBiett CTeuBHH HoojiftAOfiaTejibHo , pasAyaaa apasAy ^h* 
TOBCRBi;^ KHBSieft H HOAroTOBJifla HesAyycoOie, aoTopoa Horjo 
cyjHTb TojibRo BuroAH Bcftvb HenpiflTdJiaMi JUfToaocaro rocy- 
AapcTBa^ Cb OBoeA cTopoiibi flrejJio ptmaTejibHO bb Morb bi 

TBROtt Se CTBHCHH BftpHO pBCWTUBBTb HB OOClftA^^TBia COBep- 

HfiaeMaro nM'h mara ; OHb^ ROHeHiiOi, npeAOOjaran, mto puqapn 
Wh CKopoM^ apeiKiE TaR^. ocjebSbti KefleryTa, ^to BerpyAuo 



— 29 - 

6jneTh jnimiTb ero uacra h TaBHMi o6pa30M7» coeAiHSTb b% 
CBOHx^ pysaxi see jHTOBCRO-pyccioe rocjAapcTBO, ho bi tb- 
Kon ciyqat ohi njman BarpeOaTb sapi pyBaiu op^^Ha, a 
e;iBaju ero iipex^HAyqafl Hcropia Morja oiipaBAUBaxb noAoOHua 
Ha Hero RaAeiBAu ; ecjoi se 0H^ sanjiio^aji'K loip'b) pyKOBOAflCb 
ToibRo HeflaBiCTiiiD Kb EetteiyTy, ho coBHaBaa, RaKiH hocj^a- 
cTBhi MoryTL buBth hbi Toro nMn Jhiiwu^ to ohii, ecNCTBeHHO, 
noABepraerci oObhh^id bx seiq^ocTHTeuHoifB jnrKomacjiiH h 
RocitAsee , Rasi RaaeiKB , Bl^pHte. OnpaaAUBaib noBOAeHie 
flrejia CTpaxoMb, npHAaaaTb BflaiOHie i^tib Touaiii, loropue 
xoAHiH wh OpyociH, 6yAT0 BefteiyTii HaM^peBaeTCs oxHaib ero 

BJaAi^Hifi H COCp^OTO^HTb BCIO JHTBy UOAl* CBOeiO BJiaCTbH)'- 

BftTb oGHoeaBia. Seftoxyn AoGpoBOttHO ycTyoHBmift bojihro- 

IHflSeCROe A^CtOHHCTBO UeMflHHHRy) HBJaeTCfl Wb TBROfi CTe- 

neHH HeRopHCTHiiifb M HeqecTOJiioSHBUM'b, mo my HeBOBMoatHO 
npRHHcbiBaTb noAo6Hua HaMipeHiH) itHi 6ojifte, qio tojirh o 
crpeifjieHiH ero ri^ eAHHOAepsaBiio buioauh hb'b HCT04flHRa 
cjBfiiRoirb noAoapHTejibHarO) HB'b OARoft TOJibRO IIpycoiH. Gahju- 
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Be B^iUli HMb; jftHMBUtt H Ma JOAyiUHUfi , OHb qyaCTBOfidJIb 

ce6a H610B80 noAJit A^s^ejibiiaro h AO^iecTHaro KeMciyia, 
noAiibero cuhb Bhtobtb, Roropuili He oMOTpH HanoaoAOCTb, o61^- 
fl^Aii yase aecbMa hhofo. CosaaHie iii\\ npeaocxoACTBa 6ujio hobu- 
BocHMO H flreuo ptmaercH Ha ace, mtoOu orb HHXb H36aBHTb€a. 
^ejaa BocH0Jib30BaTbea bc^hh BuroAaiiH, Roiopua aocibb- 
UA% HMik aaRjiio^eHHBiit TpaRTarb, pllI^apH Bb GJ[:&AyH>iU^Hi 
le roAy HanpaaHn acb cboh CHau hb RHaasecTBo SeftcTyxa; 
OBH coBepniHjiH naib noxoAOBi bi oahri roA'b h homhjio- 
ceppo paaopHJUi desuH BeilcTyTa, npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO SMyAb. 
Heo6iiBHOBeHHoe ynopcxao, (yb ROTopuMi* opAOHb cunajib hb 
aero yAapu, ocxaajuia Bb aoaolb flrejja, h hojhab HOA'ba- 



- so - 

^eji»H0CTti nocA'bAH'ro, ^ujh oOcroflTejiseTBaMH^ HeeojibHO bo3- 
SysAftBinHMH noxospi^Hie. TpH paaa nuTajicfl BeficTyrB oTst- 
THTb pui^apflrb , HO HH OAHO H31 ero HdnaAenift ne yai^H^a 
jiocb ycntooM^, noTOMy ^to pui^apH, BaRi Sy^To BHaBmie o 
rpo3HBDieit onacRocTH, HHpaay neAaJiH HaaacTb na ceSa Bpac- 
njoii; nrb^ EOHeqeo, 6ujio hoblhi^ doboaom'b kl noA03p'6mio. 
ffiejdfl HCUUTaTb flrejjia, BeftcTyrb ocaAim RpftnocTb Bafiep- 
6ypri> H noTpe6oBajii» ero DOfiioqH, flreuo ne npHmen, ho 
BtttcTo ce6fl npHCJiajii» 6paTa, BopH6yTa; oicyTCTBie BeiHsaro 
KHfl3H H iiajioqHcieHHocTb npHCjaHHaro hmi Boficsa 6uj[h npmH- 
HOH), ^To rapHH30ffb ycnixb oxSHTb Bct HanaAeHifl h A^psaica 
Ao TbTh iiopi, noBa He npHmejii eHy hb noMonib opAeHCsii 
Hapman^ B^cxyrb 0TCTynHj['b, ofiBHHBfl flrejijia Wb neyAaqft 
npeAnpiflTifl.^^ BipoflTHO wb biouj BpeM6HH cj^Ayerb OTHecTH 
HHCbMO ocrepoACRaro soiiaHAopa, Ryno «. JlH^TeiHa, BOTopuit 
AOBOAflCb KeflcTyiy syMOM'b , mwh KaBi Bpecmji* AO^b ero 
^auyry, npa buxoa^^ eff 3a Ha30BeiMsaro rhhsb, men cbohhi 
AOJiroMii yfii^AOMBTb ero 061 H3Ml^HHqecB0Mi> ofipaat A^tt<^TBifi 
flreua h CHomeHiflX'b ero cb opAeHOH'b, ^^ qpesi nocpeA- 
CTBO BotlAbiJiJia. GTapufi RHfl3b o6paTHjicfl Kb OBoeMy jiD^HHOiiy 
cuHy BHTOBTy, ROToparo cob^tu, oqeBHAHO, hhofo ajih Hero 3Ha- 
qHJ(H) ecjH owb He pl^ma jch Sesi hhxi npeAnpHHBTb qio HRSyxb 
npoTHBi flrejuia , HecHOTpa hb yBbpeHRocTb b% mvitni no- 
cjKtAUfiro. Ha GI^ay? Bhtobtl naxoAHJiCfl vh caHux'b JiyqniHii 
OTHomemflX'b r'l flreuy; bhojib^ B^pn bi ero ApysGy, ohx 
6hm Y&l^mflfiWb^ qro flrejio HmeFo oTb nero He CRpuBaerb, 
RftBii 6yATo MOSHO 6biJ0 coo6niHTb cuHy SBMunuifleMoit fr- 
6ejiH OTi^a. ^0 HecMOTpff, OAHBROiR'b, hb yBtpema cbiHB, fieft- 
cTy rb piniHJicfl A'^^CTBoaaTb , ^^ ohi BHesanno Hanaji hb 
BH4ibHy, daxBBTHn flrejiJia co bcI^mi* ero ABopoMi h MesAy 
pasjiH^HUMH 6yHarauH, uameiL bi ero RaHi^ejTflpiu noAJfflHUuft 
xeRCTb AoroBOpa/ daRUoq^HHaro ci> opaohoitb. Tofab yse ne 



— 31 - 

ocTasajiocb hh iiajAttmaro coiiHibmfl h BHTOBry npRUMocB ynpe 
laTb ce6fl, qio ohi paH!6e He noBtpmii OTJ^y. ^^ BnojHib 
jMsA^UHiJi Bi BHHOBHOCTH ueiiflHHBEa KettcTyrb nOCTyHHJIl 
ci» o6uqHUMi> eiiy BeiiiKOAyniieMi , owh ae Boouyjicfl ero w- 
CToaro HM'buifl, ero CEapSoBii, bbki FOBopHrb Jittoiuicb, ^^ 
Tor/(a RaRi» npHCBoeme ero ce6ft, He 6ujio6u ub^mii, Kb to 
BpeMfi, nocTaBJieHO b^ anny ReioryTy, mbjo loro, ohi* ue ae 
jtxb cKOBaib ero no pysam h no Horam* h ho OpoeHj[i> ero 
B'b Mpaqayio iiopbiiy^ ito TaKse hosho 6ujo oaiH/OTb, cyAa 
no Ayxy BpeMeHH; Areuo, naupoTHB'b, ociaica ho^th hb cbo 
fioAl, aa BMWh lOJbso Ha6jiH)Aaaa HeSoJibHiaa orpasa h apoui40 
oyeHb HeMHoro BpeneHH, ROfAa owb Gun bhoih^ oeaoGoaA^Hi 
u nojiyqHJii» ace to, ^iwh BjiaA'bi'b ero oxei^x, ho 6yAyw eusfi 

BeJHKHM'b RHflaSMli, T. 0. BHTOSoiTb If BpeBO. HflMaJIO He CO- 

sBaBBfl cBoero aejiHsoAymifl , SeficTyrb c^Hraerb eaie aeoSxo* 
Abmuh'l oopaBAUBBTbCfl iiepeAi* cuhohi, aoTopuil Gujui m 
TicHoft APyscOt ci flrejiJKOMii : « ace ero a cAl^aJKi, roaopHn 
oaii, cnacafl cboio rojioay, ejuamai ^to ohi» aaMuniJiaerb aa 
HeHa jiHXo. ^^ flreiJio, Bone^HO^ Oujb oqoHb paAi) ^to ota^* 
jajicH TBR'b A^nieao h, y^ssaa ax CBoft jui^'b^ oxotho fifiJFb 
o6tHtaHie 6uTb b^phum^ h nocaymHUMi BeMcTyiy h ho coe- 

ABHflTbCfl HH Cb BfkWk flpOTHBli flOro; yJIHRa Wl EdM%H% m 

MdM^UHjia Apy&6CKHx^ oTHOHieHiit R'b Hefliy Bhtobtb h ohi^ 
Aotxaii no Bpeaa bi> conpoBOSAemH caoero poiopoAHaro Opaxa. 
£xRHCTBeHHbiMi BaaiHJbiM'b cjiACTBiOMX oTKpuiaro npeciynaeHig 
flrejua 6biJia nepeMi^a BejiHEaro isnada, ROTopuHii lenepb 
CA^Jiajicfl SeftoTyTb h eAHHCTaeHHuifb HacHJiieirb, Aonyi£(eHHUM> 
Bi TeqeHie aioro apeMeHu, Sujio QoatmeHie BoitAUJUia. Bii aioMii 
cjyuat Befic^yrb xojibBO omacTH pyfioaoAifJicfl HeHaBHCTbio, 
ROTopya) ofiii AABHO yse HHxaxb Kb dTOMy j[io6HMity OjbrepAa 
a flrejja. IIoBeAeHie BoilAbuuia B'b nocjrbAQHxi coOuTlaxb ho- 
len GjyaiHTb A06TaT0<uiuM'b o6bacHeuiejiib. nooxiinuaro eio 



~ 32 - 

HaKaaaHifl: eiiy, 6uTb HoseTB, npHHaAjeiRHTi nepaafl maicib 
comi cb opAeHOMii, owb 6ujii> rjiaBHuiii jifbiciBjiomawh 
jLHi^eMii wb cHomeniflxi ci iiariiCTpoKi h opxeHCKHini ^hhob- 
HflRaMH, BooGniie ohi Ben see axo a^o^ 3a qto h noiy^Hiii 
BOSHarpasA^Hie ho touko otl ilrejjia^ ho h otb MarHCxpa, 
KOTopufi noiRajioBajii eiiy 36mj[H) bi oRpeoTHOcTax'B FarHHTU. ^^ 
TaRHiTb oOpasoiTb ohi» aBJiaercH nocjit flrejjia rjiaBHUifb hb- 
ir6HHM0H'b npeAX JIhtbok), noqeMy h naio Ha Hero cxojb th- 
sejioe HaRaaaflie. 

Hexoiro OAHBROiR'L npoAOJiaajiocb TopsecTBO RettcTyTa; 
yiRe Bi 1382 roxy 0H^ AOJiseHi 6hLrh oTopaBHTbCfl npoTiBi 
Apyraro caoero ueHaHBHRa^ jI^HMHTpia BopH6yTa, rhhsh hob- 
ropoACbBepcRaro , HesejaBoiaro iipHdHaaaTb ahah> cBOHM:b sep- 
xoBHUM'L rocyAapeHi>. CorjiaoHO A^HUOMy oSi^qaHiiD hhrofah 
He 6uTb npoTHB'B BeftcTyxa h noMortTb eHy hb Bctxi, flreuo 
TBBse AO<i%<^B'i> Sbm bubocth cboh BoitCRa, ho oHt> noaejii 
Hx^ He B^ HoBFopoAii C'^BepcRifi, a bi> BujrbHy, fa^ npeAan- 
Huft eHy ropoAHH^tt FaHyjioH'b cocTaBHA BHa^HTejibHyH) nap* 
TIM), BaxBaTHJii aaMBH H OTAajii CTOJiHuy rocyAapcTaa bi> pyRH 
flrejia. O^paAoaaHHue btoio Bitoibio puqapH cb CHJbHUirb 
Bo&cRoifb ABHHyjHCb HB noMOH^b ilreuy B'b ero AaibHtftniHxi 
AtficTBiflxi opoTHBi SettcTyTa ; ooeAHHHBHiHCb Cb HRMM flrejuo 

OCdAHJTb H BBHJIb TpORH , l^^ XpBHRJIHCb BCt SOFaiCTBa Bett- 

cryxa ; sHBmift tbhi BflroBTb 6%aRaji% ci MBTepbio B'b FpoAHO, 
a TpoRH 6hLm otabhu CRHprejiiy. DojEy^HBi laRia oeqajibHua 
Bl^cTH, KefleTyx'b CHHJi'b ocaAy HoaropoACbBepcRa h npii^xajii 
Bi FpoAHO, OTRyAa, Hecqaiafl Bxoro ropoAa AOCiaTOMflHM'b y6t- 
mniufiWh^ nepeBe3i> seny bt* BepecTbe, pacnojomeHHoe b6j[H3h 
BJiaA'&Hifl ero bhth loaaaa Btaaoaei^Raro ; ho HaapaoHo pac^H- 
TMBajii Keficxyrb ua noMoii^b poACXBeHHHRa; oabb ycnl^JTb offb 
Bfii'bxaxb Ha fi^MyAb hm c6opa Boftcaa, rbrii loaHHb OpocHjicfl 
Ha npHHBAJiesaBinee eMy noAJflCbe, OBjaA^Jrb seHjreio apofh- 



- 33 - 

qiHCKoio R MejbHHi^KOH) , passopBJi oBpyrn cypaaccRift, 6tjib- 
cRiS, saiieHei^Bift h TOJibRO noii(aAHJi^ BepecThe, H3i yBasenia 
S7> MarepH cBoeft senu. Tas'b co ficixi CTopoHi hobuh 6%au 
oEpysajiH KettcTyra, ho ciapufl repoS ne cJLn6tA^^ nocniniHo 
coOpaii »HaqnTej[kHoe boHcro h , coeAnHHBuincb y Roana ci 
ciiiHOMi», nomejTb Kb TpoRamb. ^^ He saMeAJHJCb ii flreMO cb 
CBOHMH H opAencRHMH BoitcRanH npaSuTb Ha noiioqb vrh ocas- 
AaeiiOMy ropoAy, ho ne OTBasHBaacb na pimHTejibHiafi oSpaai 
AtftCTBitt oH'b npexnoqejTb RoaapcTBO h Hsni^Hy oTHpuroHy u 
qecTHOHy Soto, no CTapofl APy^sSt oSpaTHJiCH oh^ B^b BHTOBiy 
H npHFjiacHJi'b ero R-b ce6i , ^itoCu yjiapTb ccopy Kb o6qeMy 
YAOBOJibCTBiio H npeAOTBpamb npojiHiie BpoBH. Do sejianiio 
BflTOBTa Ri HeMy AOJiseHi Oburb npii^xaTb CRHprejAO h no- 
py^iHTbCfl Bi> ero GesonacROOTH , nocjii qero, He R0je6jiflCb, 
0Hi> oTnpaBHJCfl Bi jiarepb fireua. FIocjr&AHiit npnHHJii ero 
cb paAocTBH), ycHJibHo npocHJTb noMHpHTb ero ci BeficryTOMi 

H^ thKh RBRl HM 9T0r0 HySHO 6UJ[0 oOcyAHTb MHOrO BaSHUXls 

Bo^pocoB^ , aaaji'b vn oGonx'b Kb 666*6 , qecTHUifb cjiobomi 
pyqaacb bi hxi HenpaROCHOBOHHOCTH. IIojioiReHie Brtobtb 6ujio 
ipypoe: ctapaa apT^^^? KaR% bhaho, eqe ne 0H0H«ia7ejibH0 
noracmafl, noGysA^Aa ero coriacHTbca Ha npocb6y flrejijia, ho 
cHibHi^e en^e Aoisna 6uj[a saHRMaTb ero GesonacHOCTb OTi^a. 
Ero MOiOAOCTB r Aoatpie Ri* flrejuy r OTRpurrafl, npocTOAyni- 
Haa HBTypa Keflcryxa Aociaxowo BucaasiJBaiOTCH ai xoirb 
cpeACTBt, Ha HOTopoH^ OHR ocxaHOBRJiHCb A^^ orpaaRAeHlfl ce6fl 

OTb B03H03RR0tt RdMi^HU. OhH yAOBOJbCTBOBaj[HCb npHGuTieiTb 

CRHpreua r ero TopiRecTBeHHiufb py^axe jbCTBOMi» , qxo ohr, 
DOROHmBi> neperoBopu, Horyn cbo5oaho BoaBpaTBTbca Kb cbo* 
HMi BOficRBH'b. PasoqapoBBHie nacTyoHJio cjirihrom'b CRopo: 
JHnib TOJUbRO noRaaajracb orr b'b Jiarep'b ArejiJia, rxx OEpy- 
SHiR R flreuo xojioAHO aavfiTRjn, qTo HeyAoCno bocth nepe- 
roBopu Bx nojib; tofab ji,M rrxi c;^%jiajiocb hcho, ^to ohr 

3 



— 34 — 

wh nji^Hy H, A^ttcTBHiejibHO , xaRi m^hhebh, vb conpoBos- 
AeHiH 3HaqHTeJiBHaro OTpHA^, ohh 6lij[h AOCxaBJieHiJ vb BniBHy^^. 
Hxi BoitcBO ociajocb 663% BOSAeit h jiaise hi HeHssi^cT- 

HOCTH, ^TO CA^JiajOCB C-l RHflSbflHH; ROHeqHO, H6 TP7AH0 6£U0 

yBtpRTb ero vb qeirb 6u to hh 6uj[o , cl OAHoft CTopomi 
npHmja hsi Bhjbhh Bicub^ qio BettciyTB aaRjioqHjrL irapi 
Cb flreji joiTB , cb Apyrofi nponeccfl cjyxi , ^to HeAOBonraie 
dTHMi MRpoMi pm^apR rpodflTB norpaSflTb JlHiBy wb Boana- 
rpaiBAeHie cbohxi HaAepiseR'B; noHfliHO, ?to npn tbrrxii ciy- 
xax'B BoitcRO paaomaocb, cn^ma daiqHntaTb cbor aomu h ceiibH 
H TaRRMi o6pa30irb BetlcTyrb n BHTOBTb Sum BnojiHft bo 
BJiacTR flreua. ^^ ^ocTRrHyBi h3m£hok) lopisecTBa naAi j^n- 
Aeit, flreuo nocTynHn cb EBWb Rpafine secioRO, reri bhaho, 
saOEiBi RpoTRoe o6paii][eHie cb rhmi Beficxyia bi to BpeMfl, 
RorAa caiTL 6ujrb bi ero pyRaxi. CninRoirb 80 j'&THitt cTa- 
pHRi, 6jH3RiS poACTBeHHHR'b , nocaAHBRiiit flrejjia Ha brjch- 
cRoifb npecTOjA, 6hLn saROBaH'b bx Tfl&eaufl i^^br, OTBeseHx 
Bi RpoBCRiit BBMORii H TaiTb SpomeHi Vb TOMHoe H cupaAHoe 
noAaeMBJibe. MoTupe hoto npoBejii owb b'b Bpeai, a na naTyK) 
cyABBRJiH ero romopbrrr BeuRaro RHHSfl flrejjioBH, na hkr: 
npoRma, OTO BOAy evy AaBajii, r 6ujir RHmie : MocTep'b 6parB, 
a ByqyRi, a JI[RCHi(a ffi;R6eHTfljl> ^^ H tbri ySifii^aMR Befi- 
x^TyTa 6biJiR npR6jRseHHue Jlrejja r, ROHeqnOi Hejib3H AyMaxb, 
qTO ORE coBepmnjiR npecTynjienie Seai ero corjiacia; tbri 
OTRpuBaeTCfl HOBaa qepTa bi xapaRTep^ flrejja, Roxopaa qa- 
CTo OTJiRqaerL WAeM cjiaSux'b, Oesii TBOpAUxi ySl^HtAOHiit, 6631 
onpeAtjeHHUxi HpaBCTBeHHUX'b npaaRJiii. GjaSocTb r asecxo- 
EocTb JierRO yffiRBaH)TCfl bm^ctI^ ; qejioB^R'b cJiaSufi, rcto^rb'b, 
RaRi RasKOTca emy, Bci^ cpeACTaa jim AocTRiKeHia n^m r ho 
AoSRBmRCb ea, npRXOARTx bi CRjbHoe pasApa&eRie h npRSi^- 
raoTB Kb CTOJib OTqaaBHUMi Mi^pairb, na ROTopua ho CRopo 
piniRjca 6bi xapaRxepi 6oJii^e TaepAuft- Bi nocji^AP^iU^tt caoett 



— S5 -" 
sii3Hi flrejuo saaeTCfl HaMTi 6ojAe cJiaSuMi, v6m'b aecTo- 

BIMl, HO erO COOCOSHOCTb CHJIbHO padApaSHTbCfl H BCJllVACTBie 

Toro nocTynaTb ci Kpaftaeio, Bcerp Sesnojia'^HOio necTOEOCTbio, 
raise sacBHA'bTejbCTBOBaHa HCToqHHKaMH. '^ diH cooOpasema 

H COrjaCHOe CBHA^TeACTBO HCTOWHEOB'L HC OCTBBJIfllOT'b HH 

laitftoiaro coMffbrna Ha cweri bhhobhocth JlrejiJia bi HacHJb- 
cTBeflHoM CMepTH ffLffiLy ^ * T^Mi 6ojr6e) ^to y MepqajieHie Reft- 
cryTa 6ujio TOJbso nepBUMi nacHjieM'b, ea ROTopuHi nocjit- 
A(mm Apyrifl, coBepmeHHbifl no ero npHBaHamio, bj^POhtho, 
nop B^iflHieM'B cecTpu ero MapiH^ baobu BottAuua, BOiopaa 
DO nofiflTiHirb BpeneHH c^Hxaja ceSa oSaaaHHOio HCTHTb aa 
eaepTb Hysa. HenaB'bcTHO aaBOHy npecii^AOBaHiH) nopeprjiacb 
Bapyia; coBpeMeHHue cjyxH, coxpaneHHue ji'bTonHCi^aMH ^ ^^ 
roBopHn A&ve o6ti ea yTonaemH, ntb o^eBHAHO aeB'bpHO; tbri 
san oHa ynepjia necpaBHeHHO nosAHte, ^^ aa to, ea ahah^ 
noqieHHuil CTaprai, BHAHMyar'b, nojibaoBaBiniflca 6ojrbuiHM'b 
yBasemeHii aa ICiiyAH, Sbm^ ROjecoBaaii , a »eHa ero bu- 
rnaaa m'h Bc^x'b ero iii'bHifi, '^ laKoft ae yqacTH noABepr- 

IHCb HHOrie SHaTHIiie SMyAHHU , BHHOBHUe TOJ[bRO Vb TOH'B, 

4T0 npHXOAHJHCb cpoAHH BHpyrb h, ^peaii aee, BeficTyTy. 
QonuTRa onpaBAaib flrejija bt> axoirb cjiyqab aeBOSMOsHa) 
Bejaaie oOjer^iTb ero BHHOBHOCTb coBepnieHHO aanpacao, no- 
Tony qio, epa jul moibho HdBHnaTb npecTynanKa cjEaSocTbio 
ero xapaRTepa, ho Tiirb He Henie hu aaMJ^qaeifb noAo6Hoe 
leiaHie b'b Hap6yTi. On'b) aaRi 6yAT0, cTaBHTi bi sacjiyry 
flrejijiy to oiBpan^enie, ROiopoe oni noqyBCTBOBajrb co ape- 
MCHH yGificTBa ri rjaBHOHy ero BHHOBHHRy IIpoRUilb hih 
Dpop'6 H EOToparo cb xtxi nopi* ohi ne xortJix BHA'^Xb. 
Xoxa Bi HamHXi rjasaxi^ noAo6Hoe oOcxoaxeibcxao HHCROibRO 
He yHeHbmaexi bhhobhocxh flrejja, ho mu npHBOAHMi ero 
ToibRo noTOKy, qxo hbhi hbb^cxhu a>aRxu, ai hhomi cb%x% 
BucxaBiflionpe oxHomeHia Bejnmaro Raaaa n'b j6\1kafiwh Kett- 



— 36 - 

CTyTa: laBi b% 1409 ro^y flreiJio nonaJioBai'L HaydHnuje 
(rA% n^emjifi aaxoAHJicfl HoBorpyAeK'B juiTOBCRifi) JHOCEy SELh- 
6hht% (lissko %bmta), KOTopuftoGHOBajiiaj^cbnocejieBieHHa- 
3Baj['B ero no csoeiiy hmchh JHioROBMiiii. Mu, ROfie^HO, ne Mom 

OCiaBHTb 6631 BHUMaHifl OFj^HHarO CXOACTBa Vb BTOWb HMeHH 

CB HueHeMi OAHoro hsi ySiiti^'B h ecjH o6a ohh npHHaAJiesarB 
OAHOHy H TOMy se jraE(y, to e^Bajui moibho HSBJie^b qto HHSyAB 
xopomee ^m flrejia h3'l OTBpaiMeHifl, Roxopoe ohi noqyBCTBOBajTB 
Ri OAHOMy y6ifii]i'b h Harpaxu, ROTopyio ohii a&jb APyroiiy.^^ 
^yBCTBO caMocoxpaHema, Roropoe Sbijo Taax cMbHO pas- 
BiiTo Bi flrejjri^, rposHJio BaioBTy TaaoR) se yqacxbio, saBaa 
nocinrjia BeficTyia. T^mi onacai^e Rasajica Bhtobt'B) hto yse 
paao BURasajTb saH'bqaTejbHKia chocoShocth h ae 6ujo coMHt- 
Hia, qio npa asB'bcTHoit jio6bh ero ri oruiy, oh% nocTaeim 
CBaqeHHOH) oOasaHHocTbio Aocxofiao otomctbti sa ero y6i8ci!B0. 
Ero AynieBHoe cocioaaie Baymajio CMbHua onaceaia: ohi 
6bijrb pasApasea'b xo aejibsa, bi caMuxi ocRopSarejibHuxi 
BBipaseaiax'b roaopaji'b 061 H3Hi^a% flreua, ynpeaan v^m^A 
aapo^ib, ROTopufi AoaycTHJi'b coBepmeaie Taaoro 3J0AibaHia a 
rposHJTB MQeaieH'b. HyisHO 6fciJ[o npeAynpoAHTb ero a, rbri seer ^a 
npecxynjeaie Bbi3biBaei*b npeciynjeaie, Taai a xenepb cMepTb 
BeficTyxa CA^Jiaja aeoSxoAaiibiM^ yfiiitcTBO BaToaia. Oahb- 
RoiBi) ipypo ObiJio ptmaTbCH aa yHepn^ajreaie pyxi» ctoa 
6jai3Raxii poACTBeaBHROB'b, asi ROTopuxi nocjitAHifi^ no can- 
A^TeJibCTBy BCToqaHROBi ) iisai'b npesEAe bi APy^^^ cb Area* 
JiOMi, ^* ROTopuit pae nocj* oiRpHToii ero adHtau, npoao- 
2Baa ero bi Bpeao, aosoSaoBai'b cb aaM'b coh>3^ SpaicRoit 
Apy&fiiii ^^ a xoAaiaficTBO aoioparo otrjobrjo oti aero anojiat 
sacjyiseaaoe aaaasaale. Oqeaa^ao flrejiio ROjeGajca, a MexAy 
Tl^iTb Bhtobtii, 6ojibaofi, ai ropaqalft, Sujtb nepeaedeai bi 
RpeBcaiS saHoaib , x^ ero coAepisajni noff'b Rpi^naoio CTpasett, 
Aonycaaa a^b aejiy TOJibRo aeay ero, RaaraaK) Aaay a flayxi 



— 87 — 

GJiysaHOR'K^ npHroTOftiflBiiiHX'L Ha Hoqb ROCTejra. Boj%3Hb hoto- 
n(Hja ero chju h yGnia ero BHeprii) ; bm^gto Toro ^ htoSu 
rpo3HTb<) OHT> CTajTL yifoifiTb flreua OTAaib emy oTi^OBcsoe 
HacatAie h oiijuajii 6uTb eiiy b^phumi h npexaHHuii'L. 
flrejijo He ncnosEWb ero asejiaHifl no Tofi npocTofi npH<iHHt^ 
qio pi&niHJicfl norySiiTb ero, TaE&e, sarb noryOu'b ero OTE(a. 
npoEma, ROMeHAaHTii speBCKaro 3aiiBa, AOBl^peHHoe JOLUfi Mapm, 
nojiyqHJi'B ori nea UHCbMO, bi ROTopoM'b oHa npHRasKiBaja 
eiiy nocKopte nosoH^Hib cb Bhtobtomi, xaai RaKi flrejuio 
Ha^HHaenb ciaS&Tb bi npeAnpHHaTOMi Haii^peHiH; SHaqHrb, 
HaMtpeHie Sujo npHHaio h xoth flrejiJio Haqaji'B ROjeOaibCfl, 
He BULffio^ OAHaRoaib, qioOu owb OTAajii» Raaia HH6yAb iipiiRa- 
3aHifl xJifl OTM^HeHifl cociaBjieHHaro naana; wb opoTHBHou'b 
cjyqal^ cecxpa ero He CM'bjia 6bi A^Jiaxb TaRia uopyqema 
KpeacROMy ROMeHAaHiy. ^^ JIfo6oBb iseHbi h npeAaHHOCib cjiy- 

SaHRH^ JSiBWb H3B1^CTH0, GnaCJIH 3aRJ[K)qeHHarO RHflda; RHaiHHH 

• 

AflHa yroBopHja ero nouftHHTbCfl njaTbOM'b e% opoti h31i ojiy* 
xaHOR'B H BuitTH TaRHMi oOpasoMi Hdl 3aRj[K)qeHia ! Hesu- 
caKilt pocTi H asoHonoAoSHoe iwfi '^ uohofjih BHiOBiy boc- 
noibaoBaibCfl btrmi cpeAcxBOHi h CRopo ohi* Sun na cbo* 
5oA^, bo BjaAiHiax'b CBoero mypHHa; ho Ma30Beigsift RHHSb 
Morb AOCiaBRTb oMy BecbMa neHaAeasHoe yC^SHn^e h noxoMy 
6hxobxi» en^e paai CA^Jiaji'b nonuxRy R'b npHMRpemiD c'b flrei- 
lOM'b ^^^ H, xaR% RaRb He 6ui!b yAOcxooH'B ffiime oxbj^xoh'b, 
ptiuHJicfl Ha oxqaaHHoe cpeACXBO — npHOj^rnyjni R'b noRpoBH- 
TCiibcxBy opAena. OceHbH) 1382 roAa ohi Cujii yase bi Ma- 
pieH6yprt. ^^^ 9xa nocxeneHHOcxb wb npcxaaxi BaxoBxa, 
caaqajia CHJbHuit TE%wb^ sax'bM'b coexofime 6ojte cooRott- 
Hoe, OTRyAB RBHJiocb asejame npHMnpenifl, HibcROibRO noau- 
TORb 6e3o6HAHO nM ce6H noROHqnxb cnopii ch flreuoMi, ace 
9T0 AOCxaxo^HO iioRaauaaexi^ rbri xpyAHO 6biJio BnxoBxy pi- 
maxbCfl Ha Goioai cb opAeHOMi. Cuay Seficxyxa 6ujo oco- 



- 38' - 

6eHH0 cTpaHflo HCRaTb noHon^H sjiuxi sparoBi CBoero orqa^ 
HO ci> OAHofi GTopoHU HC ocTaBajocb HHaro cpe^cTBa , a cb 
Apyrofi npHMtpi) yme 6uji'l noKaaanii flreviJOMii h, KOHewo^ 
Bhtobti» noHHHaji'L, qxo op^eHii, He OTRasaBmitt flreji^ yninr- 
TOSHTb EeficTyTa, ne HafiAeii oco6eHHUXTi bufoa'b bi ero e^H* 
HOAepasafiiH h bi cbob) o^epeAb coeAnHHTca co bchrhm'L) rto 
aauucJiHTL rH6ejib hjih no RpailHefi ni^t ocjaCjenie flreua. 
0ti>'63at> Bhtobtb bo Bja^l^Hifl op^eHa rposHJH flrejuy 

HHOFHMH^ BeCbMa HenpiflTHUMH nOCJli^A^^TBiSMH H coBepmeHHO 

HSMtHflji ero nojiosenie ; nojiHaa y^aqa conpoBOsxaja ^o crtl 
nopi Bc^ ero HavHHaHiH; ci noHoiubio op^ena y^ajiocb eMy 
yHMHTosHTb ReficTyxa h nocTBBHTb Bce ero hotomctbo, no bh^h- 
MOMy^ B'B 6e3BbixoAHoe nojioseme ; cnosottHuft co CTopoHu pu- 
papefi, OHi, BOHeqno, nojiaAHJi'b fiu ch cbohmh 6paTbHini n, 
ABBi HHi yA^Jiu^ mn cnoBoftHo BjaAi^Tb jritobcehhi rocy- 
cyAapcTBOMTi. fi'brcTBO BHTOBia Bce h3h%hhj[0 : CjiarocHjOHHuft 
npieMi) ORaaaHHuft eiiy hobuhi HarncTpoH'L, EoHpaAOM'b I^oib- 
nepoifb sacTaBJifljrb npeAnojaraxL necbHa B^poHTHoe n3H'6HeHie 
OTHonieHifi ri» opAeuy, a 9Ta tfepeH^ea BU3UBajia ouacHOCTH 
OTOBCiOAy ; cxapan^ JHTOBCRaH napiifl^ ocRopCjeHHafl n pasApa- 
seHHaH ySienieMi BeficiyTa, jerRO Morjia 6uTb noAaBjena, 
eom6% BHHiiaHie flrejija ne pa3BJieRa«iocb BH^mnHMH BparaHH, 
npH B03M0»H0ft ise BpaasA% c^b opAeiiOMii h ona Horja]^ npn- 
qHHHTb BasHUfl saTpyAHenifl. Ma30Bei^RiM RHfl3b , saxBaTHBUiifi 
pyccRiH BJaA^Bifl ReficiyTa, Ra3aj[Cfl npeasA^ Bparourb hh^tos- 
HUMi^ HO HaqHHCb Bofina ci opAenoMii^ h ohi iiojyqHTi bbb- 
qeme ^ noTOHy qTo SyAeri paBBjeEaTb chibi BOJiHRaro rhh3h. 
Hecqaciie, pa3pa3HBmeecfl bi> to BpeMH hbai* cocl^AHeH) Pycbio, 
HamecTBie ToxTaMunia , Morjio ue ocTaibCH Oesii nocil^jifiTBiA 
H f(M Jhtbu: bo3MO!RHO 6ujo npeAoojiaraTb , qro opAa aaxo- 
qeTi) uonpo6oBaTb cqacibfl h nonuTaexcH noRopnib JlnTBy, 
TOO OyAeTTi HOTpyAHO, npn ea HacToaniiHXii saTpyAHemnxi. 



- 39 — 

TasoBu SujiH nocji%A<^Bifl SircTBa Bhtobth h TaBi Barb 
cua ero sasjifoqajiacb bi coj^MctbIh opj^eHa, to ilrejijio aoji- 
seHi 6ujrB ynoxpeSHTb Bci^ cpeAcrsa, cff^jaib Bci bosmobe- 
HUJi ycTynKH, A^Tb Sojie, ^^m Mon a^tb Bhtobt'b, TOAbKO 
6u y^epsaxb opAeHi oxii oKaaaHifl n^meibEolk bomouvb no- 
cAjmevj. Ha ocrpoB^ p. JIj6eccu^ Ha^ajicfl Topn, bi koto- 
pon opAevB Morb pacqinbiBaTb hb xoponiie Sapumn h 1-ro 
H0fl6pfl 6bUH BBEJifoqeHu ipH AoroBopa , Roropue coGctbchho 

COCTBBJIflJDT'b OAHBl TpaBTarb, SanOJHeHBUft MHOrHMH BaiBHUMH 

ycryiiKaMH h o6%iitafliflMH opAeny . Bo 1 ) opAevb nojiy^a j% bcid 
3anaAHyio qacTb SMyAn no leqeHie p. AyOHccu oti or hctobb 
AO BnaAenifi bi H'biiaH'b; naai^cTHO, too, noRopHB'b Dpycciio, 
opAeH'b oco6eHB0 AO^HBajicfl noAWBHib ce66 SHyAb, ho noRa 
B(A ycHjifl ero pa36HBajiHCb o HeyTOHHMoe My&eciBO nacejie- 
Hifl ; B'B Roneifb pa33opeBHaH flSiiyAb Bce laRH ociaBajiacb cbo- 
60AHOID H He yaycRBja cayqaa njiainrb opAeny onycxoniHrejib- 
HUMH HaSibraHH ; xenepb snawxejibHafl qacxb en oxAaexcfl op- 
Aeny 6e3'b BCflRHXi xpyAOBi cb ero cxoponbi, oxAaexcH cb co- 
rjacifl BejuiHaro RHflSfl, ero Maxepn h 6paxbeBi, npH ^ewh 
ycxpaHflioxcfl BOSMoambifl npHXHsanik noxoMROBi Jlreaaa. 3a- 
T^wb 3aRJiH)qaexcfl HesAy Jhxboid h opAenoMi oSopoHHxejbHEitl 
H nacxynaxejibHBifi coh)31 hb 4 roAa, npH^eMii Bejomitt RHflSb 
o6fl3UBaexGfl He HaqHnaxb, wb xeqeaie bxoto BpeMeHH, Boftnu, 
6631 B^AOMa H corjiacifl opAeaa, cjii^AOBaxejibHO npHHHMaex'b na 
ceSn oAHHM'b o6H3axejbGXBOMii Gojite h fifierb pui^apflifb sa- 
ROHHoe npano BMi^mnBaxbCH bi h^m CBoero rocyAapcxBa, no 
Rpaftnefi Mipib , RonxpojinpoBaxb ero Bnfimnifl oxnomenifl. He 
AOBOJibCTByacb BXHJirb, flrejjio h ero 6paxbfl, Roneqno, pacw- 
TUBa« na rjraBnyio ntJib opAena, HHenno pacnpocxpanenie xpH- 
cTiancxBa, oOtntaioxcH npecxHXbCfl bi xeqenie odnaqennuxii 4 
ifkT'b^ CO BctMH CBOBMH noAAaHHbiHH. ^^^ TaRnMii oSpasoiTB 
CA^jtano 6ujo nee, qTo6i>i oxajie^b opA^Hi oxi npnnflxU 



— 40 -- 

HCRpeHHflro yqacxifl Kb cyA^Si BETOBia h, EOHemo, stotb 
EHfi3B, AHUieHHuit BJiaA^flitt H SoraxcTBi CBoero oxi^a, 6eai 
onopu H APys^fi? He Mpra GonepBH^aib cb cbohh'b Sparom 
Bii noHynB'6 pp6i^UTb OTBomeBifl opAena. IIphSub'l bi Dpyc- 
ciH) H Bcxp'&qefiHuft b'b Bflcxep6ypr6 opAeECKHHi Mapma- 
joMi, SonpaAOMii BaueHpoAOH'B, ohii He Monb Hsqero npeA- 
jiosHXB opAeHy B'B BupaaseHuix^ xcqEuxi* h onpeA^^JteHHUxi, 
xouso o6i^iuaj['L B'bpeuB yciyrH h 6j[aroAapHyio npeAaHHOcxb, 
eciH HarHcxp'L 6yAexi xoAaxaficxBOBaxb y flreua o BoaBpa- 
lUeHiH eiiy oxi;oBCRaro aacji'^AiH. MarHcxpi OHaqaia He&iaro- 
npiflXHO npHHflJE'L ero npocb6y) «3a ^%wb He HCKaji'L, khhsb, 

C0H)3a CL OpAenOMl Wb XO BpeMfl, BOFAB HHtn B'B CBOHX'B 

pyEBxii BnjbHy^, roBopHjni ohi*, ho hocji^ coB'bxa cb opAen- 

CBHMH WHaMH OHli oS'BHBHJ'B HOJIHyH) FOXOBHOCXb SaCXyOHXbCfl 

3a BHXOBxa. 3a x'^m'b nawHaexcfl i^'bjiuft pHAi> A^^cxBiil, 
noqxH BpasAeSnux'B j^jul BejiHEaro EHH3fl Jhxbu: MasoBeip^ifi 

EHfl3b, CB EOXOpUH'B flreJIJIO HB^aJI'B BOfifly AJifl B03BpaHieHifl 

saxBaqeHHoii hmi» pyccEO-JiHxoBCEott o6jiacxH^ namej'B ooa* 
AepsEy B'B opAeH'&, Boxopufi n2iJii» eny 7^000 BenrepcsHX'B 
sojoxbLX'B noA'B saJor'B ert> saHEa Bhshu (hb HapeBJ^); 6e3i 
axoro MasoBeipkOHy bhh3H) ne ci q'feM'b 6ujio BoeBaxb cb 
JlreiJiOM'B. DpHflflBB uoA^B CBoe noEpoBHxejibcxBO Bhxobxb, op- 
AeHi) noMoraex'B eHy npHBjeqb Ha cboh) cxopony fflbMyAb: Ma- 
THCxpb HocbiJdex'B 3HaxHbiM'B BSMyAHHaHi> opyasie, jiomaAett h 
OAeacAU. £cxb a^%^ HSBtcxie, ^xo EonpaA'B BaJdieHpoA'B yro- 
BapHBBJE'B HBcejeHie TpoE'B oxAaxbCH noA'B noEpoBHxejbcxBo 
opAena. IIpHHHMafl bo BHHManie HOAaBHO daEJio^ieHHuft xpaE- 
xax'B H coo6pasafl uocj^AHifl A^ficxBifl opAena, mu aHAHMi, 
4X0 oub HapyiiiHJ['B ero ; o61&H(aBmHCb HMl^xb o6H^HX'b BparoB'B 
H APy^^fi) OH*^ OAHOMy Bpary flre^iiJia !f,Mi> cpeACXBa kjlk Be- 

AeHiH CB HHM'B BOftflU, A^ATOlbHO HOEpOBHXeJibCXBOBaJ'B APy* 

roMy H A^se nocflrnyji na BJaA'^Hifl CBoero coboshhsb Tptxi 



- 4t — 

Talmil, npHipiiTyS, Bcerxa 6«iiiTajiCfl irb nojormsft leate 
Basfljaii, Hj^M'B OTKpuToe BapyineHie npiHflrux'B na 6e6H o6h- 
3aTeibCTBi», HO opxeHi, norpftmHBi yise lailHo npoTHBi flrej- 
la, He saffyMajiOfl flBHTbea ■ hbhumi noapoiuiTejeMii ero apa- 
roBi. BaiTb 6u ae noMHfl coAepasaHlfl saajiDqeHHuxii Aoroao- 
poBi, owh xoxaTallcTByerb npexi flreiioHi sa BHTOBra a 
Spaia ero ToBTaaua, npoca nosaojuiTb vwb BOsapaTHTBca vh 
oreqecTBO h yAiiaib xoTb vacib hxi Hacji%x<^TBeHHuxi 
uaAtHifi; wb TOHie BpeMH Maracipi npeAJiaraerb npiocraaoBHTb 
Boeaaua A^ttcxaia cl Haaoaiefi a aoftra b'l neperoaopu au ^a' 
Euoqeaia mipa) yupeaaa npa stomi flrejjia bi tomi, mo, aauBx 
BoSay Seal* a^AOMa a coBJ^ia opAeaa, oai aapymajn yuoBia 
TpaaraTa ^^\ IIoAo6autt oSpasi A^ficTBift xaracxpa acao ao- 
lasuaaerb, mo owb ae Aoatpan ilrejuiy a bto dohbtbo, 
Tan aam pasHtpi a aa^ecTBO CA^jaaauxi ycxynoai ae 
Boibao B036ysAaJni npeAaoaoaeaie , qxo oaft CA^jiaau aeac- 
Kpeaao, a aoAoaptaaa flreua, Haracxpi a ceCa cuxaexii 
Heo6a3aaHi>iin> coxpaaaxb npaaaxua o6a3aTej[bcxBa n cb 6e3- 
cTUACXBOHi uiiexii CBoeay coB)3aHay ynpeaa, aoxopue aaoiaft 
3acAyseHU hn'b cauHH'B. IIoaaxBO, Baai Siui padApasea'b 
flrejio, HO BMftcxt ci raftaoirL oai qyacxaoaai'B a aacxoa- 
TeibayH) aeoOxoAaaocxb ocxaxbca wh Ao6pux% oxaoaieaiax'B 
ci opAeHOHi ; OHi jifiimewh Sujiii bl cbok) oqepeAb ynpeaaxb 
Maracxpa, ao wb xose apeHH) bo mo6u xo bh cxajio, AOJiseai 
Suj'L He paapuaaxb ci aam, qxo 6ujio o^eab xpyAHO Geai 
HaHeceeia ya^epSa coOcxBeaaoMy Aocxoaacxay. HeAsa ae ox- 
Kaxb ^ecxM AHnjOHaxaqecKHMii qaaoBaaaaHi flrejiJia^ ohh aa- 
BBcajH oxBl^xii oqeab acaycao: «nojiyqaBi aame nacbuo, vb 
lOTopoMi npocaxe o upaaaxia bi HBJiocxb aamy SbiRniaxi 
KHflseft JuxoBcaax'B (olim daces littoYiae), Baxoaxa a Toaxa- 
BBja H o&b yA'bJeaiH aH'b qaoxa wl% aacji1^A<^XBeBaaro ao- 
CToaaia, oxAaeni^ aa aame paacysAeaie, MOxeHii a lu hc- 



— 42 — 

nojiHHTb 9Ty npo0b6y, H6 hh^^a fl ommeuwam wntzb&wb 
HHRaEoro AOBftpifl ; b%ai> i bto ana^Hio 6ii oxorp^BaTb 3m '&10 
Ha coScTBemoii rpyxH; npH stoitl He MOseHi* He nanoHHHTb 
Bameiiy rocnoACXBy (dominatio vestra), aojishu jh bu npH- 
HHMaxb H noAxepsHBaTb Girjei^OB'B HamHxi>? %o ase sa- 
caercH no SHflseM MasoBenEHXi, ci ROTopuMi Bama mhjocti> 
ase^aeie aaEJiiD^eHifl naiin nepeHHpifl no npasAHHKa nacxH, to 
no nvYm6i wb Bami mu totobu HcnojiHHTb 9to sejiame, ro- 
TOBU juame npoAuib nepeHnpie na roA'b cb riwb TOibBO yc- 
jiOBieM'b, qTo6ii HvyqecTBo .» TOBapu, OTHflTue y Hanrnxi 
RyaqoB'b, 6uj» BOSBpan^eHU bi* i^jocth h ni^HHbQi'L 6bija 
6u ABHa cBoSoAB. Mbi He ne^ajuiMCH, ^to aaHOKi Bhshb npH- 
HHT'b, EjaiWh roBopflTi, BBMH B'B sajorii, HO HaMi RaseTCfl 
CTpaHHUHi H He npHJiHqHbiM'B, qio Bu noMoraexe HaniHMi 
BparaM'b n npoTHBHHsaMi», tofab kbri mu o6i^qajiHCb ne 
TOJbBo He BpeAHTb HH 3i» MeMi fifijrb APyi'y? BO 0AHHi» Apy- 
romy noMoraib npoTHBi BCflEaro apara. Tasate npocHMii Baci, 
qTo6b[ Bbi He cTapamcb npHBJieqb Kb ce6i SHyAHHOBi, tbbi 
KBRii OHH noAABJiHCb HaiTb H Jiio6e3HOMy HameMy Spaxy Chhp* 
rejiJiy; h 6e3i xoro yse HM^eM'L hu mhofo HenpiflXHOCxeft 
oxi» HaniHX'b juoAett h oxi» jiHxoBi^eB'b. « HoAHHCb: fflreuo, 
BejHEifi Bopojib (magnus rex) JbixBU, Banrb HCRpeHHifi APyi^i* 

BEOJIHt COOXBtXCXByeXl HflFROMy, APyS6<^TBeHH0My XOHy HHCb- 

Ma.^^^ He cHOxpfl, OAHBRoirb , na . JOBRocxb^ cl RoxopOH) Giuio 
HanHcano HHCbMO, oho ne nepen'bHHJio^ ab h ne hofjio nepe- 
H'bHHTb oxHomenifi Wb opAeny, xbri rbrii ohi>, oqeBHAHO, ft- 
^IHJI^^ qxo ^m aero BuroAHte noAA^pffiHBaxb Bhxobxb h xa- 
RHMi» odpaaoHi ocja6j[HXb flreua, neisejiH ocxaMflXb ero cno- 
RoftHUMii H CHJbHLiMii oOjiBAaxejieM'b JIhxbu. CRopi^e, OXBibXl 
BejHRaro rhhbh yxyAiuHJ'b BsaHMHua oxHomemH, noxoHy qxo 
cRadaHHoe^Bii neiii sHyAHHaxi cHibHO o6e3noROHJio BeiHRaro 
MarHcxpa. HyacHo saM'bxHXb, qxo asMyAHHbi BOBce He sejiaii 



- 48 — 

noxqHHfiTbCfl ptmemiO) npiHATOHy OTHOcnrejbHo m, Oedi hxi 
Bi^XOMa, Bi TpaKTETi 1382 roAa h He nycnan ri> ce61ft pu- 
^apefi, a Tyrb eme flrejjio mmerb, qro ohe noApiHCi. Buy h 
ero SpaTy CiaprejiJiy, cj'bAOBaTejibHO TaRse hh bo ^to hb 
craBHTL ycTynxH hxi opxeHy. A ja yctpaHCHifl hoaoGhux'b h6- 
)(opa3yMi&Hifi H pa cRpinjenifl coK>3a BOo6ipe, Maracrp'B npo- 
can flrejua HasaaqHTb BpeMfl h x^cto pa jffiwaro cBHxaHia, aa 
KOTopoiTL, xasii owh HaxftajcB, yGTpaHaTca|BC& uobo^u ki o6oida- 
HUHii HenpiaTHocTaMi. J^aa pa3a sacTaBHJi'B oe6a npocaib flrejiJio 
H TOJbKO Bi TpeTift pas'b corjiacHJica , HaBHaqEBii npesaee 
lAcTo, T. e. ocTpoBi aa p. J^yfiacci a aoaei^'B Maa au Tpe* 
Syeiiaro cBisAa. O^eBHAHo, mto bi 9t6 apeaa o6ib cTopoHLi 
ptniHTejBHO ae AOBftpajni npjrh apfY^ Jlrejjio^, aaaaa^aa 
BpeHH E H^CTO ffja CBHAaaia cb cbohmi coioaHHSoirB, aftpoaTHo 
no ero TpeSoaaaiio, sasftpaeTi, mo bi npo^ojaseHle npeACXoa- 
iQHX'b neperoBopoBi , ero doaa&Rhii^ He aapyniarb Mapa ci> 
opAeaoiTb^— ^^^ AOBOJbHO CTpaaaoe saai^peHie co CTOpoBLi Apyi*^ 
a coH>3HiiKa. Eiqe 6ojr6e aeAoaibpia a 3aTaeHB0tt apasA^ bu- 
csadUBaeTca bi oCcTaaoaal^ CL^sAa: flreuo aui^xaji'L bi> co- 
npoBoiKAeHiH CpaTbesi, 6oapi> a 3Bamejrbaaro oxpaAa, aoTO- 
puft ciaji no 6epery jl^yfiaccu; iiaracTp'L c% enacaonaMa aap- 
HaacsHM'B H noHe3aBcaHMX, ci opAeacaaH^ aapniaJiOM'B Roa- 
paAOMi BaueapoAOMi a Apyraaa. ^aaaHa npanjuji'L aa ao- 
pa5juxT> AO XpacToaeMia, b'l ipexii Hajiaxii oti ocrpoaa^ aa 
KOTopoHi ydoaaiacBcii^xaTbca. tlpacyTCTBie enacaonoBi a saa- 
wrejibaaro wcjia Ayxoaauxi lai^i bt* ero caari Smjo o6cToa- 
TejibCTBOHi AOBOJibHO CTpaaHUHi, ociaaoaaa ero bi XpacTO- 
aexjrb xasse aaymajia noAOspiaia. Ji,iJLO pasiacaajiocb, RorAa 
aaTacTpi npacjiajn KoapaAa BaueapoAa npocaxb flrejiaa npi- 
txaTb Kh HeMy bi XpacToiieMejib no Toil apaqaat, ^to mb* 
racrpx ae Hoserb njuib jijBiJtbe no leiaoaoAbio^ a lomaAeit y 
aero atT^; b'b Toaie apeaa MaracTpi npocajii BeJtaaaro aaaBa, 



— 44 ~ 

HeireAU, npimflTb KpemieHie. HeocHOBaieuHocTb npnqraii^ o6'b- 
flCflHioii^efi HeapHSuTie MaracTpa Bir ycjoBJieHHoe urbcTO h Tpe 
SoBaHie fieiueAJieHHaro Rpeii^eHiji , aa Boiopoe owb ne hm^j'b 
npaaa, TaBi> kbbi* flrejuo ofiaaajicfl OBpecTHTbca bi Teqenie 4 

JltT'B, BU3BaiH p1&BIHTe.IbHBlfi OTRBSl, HpiPieM'L nepfiBfl HpOCbfia 

6uja OTBeprayxa 663i> BCHRaro ofiiflCHeHia, a na BTopyio He 
corjiaoHiHCB^ no npH^HHt uesejiaHifl jhtobcshxii Soapi. 

HaM'bpeHie MarnoTpa ORpeciHTb flreua HecoMHl^HHO ; ^^^ 
TpyAHo TOJibKO noHflTb, noqeiiy owh^ HMeHHO bi» dTO Bpeu, 
TaRii AoSHBBiSOfi ero Rpej^eHUi. Gii opoft cTopoHu mu yfiibs- 

JifiEU^ qXO OH'b 6UJ['b BBOlHi^ XOJOAeHl ITb BtpOHCnOBi^AftHUO 

flrejjia, eHy Aase Sujo Buropj^e^ eciHfiii nocjri^AHiM ocxaBajCH 
Wb mmecTBfb , a Cb Apyi^oft hu He BHAHH'b , Ram Bbiro^u 
Morb OHi H3Bjeqb la-b npHHyisAeHHaro Bpen^eHifl sejiHRaro 

REfl3fl. Do BCefi Bi^pOflTHOCTH aiO TpeOOBaHle 6UM TOJbRO 
npo6HblH'b RBMHeM'b rOTOBHOCTH flreUB CA^^JEBTb Bce A«IS CO 

xpaHenia MHpa cb opAOHOMb; wb mmwb fi^^jit^ ecjmfibi ohi 
corjraoHJLCfl RpecTHTbca, to 9to corjiacie Morjo 6u cjyacnTb 
jiy^HiHM'b AORaaarejibGTBOMi ero npeAaflHOCTH, niwb Bob Boa- 
MOSHue TpaRTBTU. B'b CBOiD o^epeAb flrejiJio h ero ORpyiKaio- 

Uye AOJISHU fibUm CHJbHO 0CR0p6HTbCH 9T0M) HdCTOfiqHBOCTblO, 

o^OBHAHO HanpaBjeHHOM) B'b HcnuTaHiH) HXb xepn'bHiH , vb oco- 
6eHH0CTH MBTb ero^ HBBtcTHafl CBoeio peBHOCTbH) Wb npaBocja' 
Biio, AO<ittHa Sbija cii HeyAOBOjbCTBieifb CHOip^Tb Ha sejiaHie 
oSpaTHTb en cuna bi rhtojih^mctbo h noTOMy h'&ti» HH^ero 
HeBtpoflTHaro bi xoAHBHiHX'b TorAa cjiyxaxi^ ^to ohb 3aAy- 
Maia saxBaTHTb MarncTpa h bch) ero cBHTy. ^^^ IIoHflTHO re- 
nepb, UTO cbtsAi ne Morb cocrosTbCH, puiJ^apH xot^jih o6Ma- 
Hyib jiHTOBi^eBi> , nocjii^ABi^ ne AdMCb bi o6Maffb ^ OTCH)Aa 
CHJbHoe pa;iApaseHie oStaxi cropoHi h afreaame oiRpuro pa- 
aopBaxb Mupii. HsiHUiHflfl ropflwocib ^ cn> Roropoio CAtjan 

8T0 MarHCTp^^ HeB0«IbH0 npHBOAHTb Wb 3aRjriOMeHiK), ^TO rH^BX 



— 45 — 

ero 6ujn» npsTBopfiUMi^ ^to6u tbwh jierqe onpaB;i[aTb ce6H Bi 
rjasaxi ofiqecTBeHHaro uafbEisL h cjEOSHTb na oporo flreua 
BHHy HOBaro RpoBonpojHTifl. ITocJiaHie ero HaimcaHHoe (30ro 
mm 1383) no dTOHy uoboay^ OTjeqaeTCff coBepmenHUMi ot- 
cyTCTBieMTi rbTb B'bBJHBUx'L H xpysGCTBeHHux^ Bupasemit, 
BOTopuMH HBOOHJiyeTi npHBOAefiHoe BBCbMO flrejua; bchohh- 
Haa BC6 H3J02Beflfloe Hami, oho oooSipaer^ pa HOBUx^ npe- 
GTynjeHifl npoTHBi opxeHa, imeHHO roBopHTb o npo^aarb njAn- 
Hbix'B pui^ipeit Bi AUbHioio Pycb h o HeBHHMaHiH, ci HaKHirb 

6uJli npHHUTB OpAOHCSitt nOCOJTL ^ BOMaHAOpi ParHHTU , HOTO. 

paro He xonycTHJH wb BejHROMy RHfiBio ■ He x^jdi HHKaBoro 

onpeA^^jeHBaro oTB'bTa. BucTaBMH noAofiaoe HOBexeHie Rpaft- 

HHiTL HIE ce6fl ocKop&ieHieM'L, MarHCTp'b npHGaBuerL, yto Apy- 

rifl A^ttcTBiH JlrejiJia name HapymaiOT'L ero Ao6poe hmh, tbe'^ 

Kan OHT> npeci^Ay^i' h fiesHoqaAHo paaaopfierb xpHCiiaH'B 

wh MaaoBiii^ a Bc/hn bbb^ctho, ^to ohx ho MOfferi* HaiHHaTb 

boAhu 6631 BiAOMa h corjacia MarHcrpa; nociaHie BaHanqH- 

Baercfl TaKiMH rpoBHiOH cjioBaiiH: tTaioaa APysfi^? BOTopyio 

OKasuBaeuib tu nairb BBaifbHi. sa Hamn ycjiyre, ho mu ho 

MoseH'L yae jipAe CHOCHTb TBoe BucoioM'bpie h tboio ne* 

CHpaBOAJniBOCTb. Saaft me^ flrejuro, tu h tboh 6paTbfl, qro^ He 

HaxoAfl Bi Te6t hh B'&pu, hh B'bpnocTH^ mm oTKadUBaeMii 

xefit Bi» Hamefi APy^S'^ h ci Ttxii nopi, RaRii y6i&AHJiHCb 

wb TBoeMi Bl^pojOHCTBJ^ , HHRorAB yso He 6yAeirb ci> toSok) 

wh MHpt*.^^'^ He AOBOJ[b€TByflCb dTHM'b o6'bflBJieHieMii nojTHaro 

paapuBa, MaracTpii o6fiapoAOBajix h paBocjiai'b no acett Eapon'b 

AiHHHoe nocjiaHie^ bi ROTopoifb noApoSao HSJfoaRHJ^ bc% cnopu 

opAena cb flreuoirb^ co BpeMenn saRJiioqeHifl TpaRiara 1382 

roAa; oOnapoAOBanie HM'bjio u^iMhio BOBJORHTb na aejiHRaro 

KHiisfl BCM) oTBtTCTBCHHocTb 3a Ha^HHaion^eeca RpoBonpojiHTie^ 

caiinHH pbaRHMH qepxaHu HsoSpasenu ero nefijiaroAapHOCTb, 

ero BtpojiOHCTBO H Hapymenie AoroBopoBi, naROHei^ ero bu- 



— 46 — 

coROMtpie, ropAOCTb h HexocTaTOR'L BHHMaHifl, KOTopuil orb 
OBaaaA MarHCxpy h opA6HCROMy napmajiy. ^^wb ocRop6HJii> 
Becb opAeni. Bi 8 nyHRraxi HSJOseHu ocHOBaniH, Roxopufl 
3acTaBJ[flH)T'b pasopBaib cb Jrtboid: 1) se cMOTpa hb B&k 
npocbfiu, flreMO h CRHprejJo noMJ^maiH cocTOHTbCfl cbl^sxy 
Ha ocTpoB'b p. Ay6iiccu, 2) flreuo m-h ropAOCTH ne xorbJTb 
CA'biaib RopoTRaro, b'b 3 hhjh, nyxH vb MarHCTpy vb XpH- 
CTOMeMJib, xoTfl nocj^AHeHy HeBoaMosHO 6ujio npHfiuTb na 
ycjiOBJieHHoe MtcTO, 3) flrcjuo npoxaBaj'b HibMeiQCHX'b njtH- 
HHROB'b pyccRHiTb, nessAy tbvL'b EBKb ManiCTpi OTxajTb Aapoirb 
ero njT&HHHROB'b , BURynnafl i^tna Roropuxi npocTHpajacb xo 
1200 moRi rpomeM, a cbmi nojiy^HJii 21 qejiOB'bRa, npR 
^ewb RasA&ro cjtfkjijeT'b cqHTaib He Aopose 4 HOirb. 4) flrejuo 
noAxepsHBaeri SHyAHHOB'b, Roxopue oxAaHU bo Bjacxb opACHa, 
5) flrejijio onycxomajTB MasoBiio bo apeHfl impa, BCJi'bACTBie 
qero opACHii npHmeJi'L bi BejiHRoe noAOsptme y BeHrepcRaro 
Ropojfl) xafi'b RBRii HBBicxHO, Mxo flrcuo He Mosexi HaqHHaxb 
BoilHu, 66311 BtAOMa H coMaciH opAeHa, 6) flreuo He Aft^i 
HHHaRoro oxB'bxa oocjanHOMy ri neHy ROMaHAopy ParHHXu, 
7) OHii He xoxi^xii Buciymaxb opAencRaro Hapmajia h 8) He 
npHCJiajTb MHpnaro AoroBopa, xoxAa RaRi> nojyqui ero orb 

MBTHCXpa. **^ 

TaRHirb oGpaaoMi onpeA'bJiHjmcb oxHomema opAeHa ri> 
o6oHM'L 6paxbHMi H eciH Rxo Mor'b cuxaxb ceSa ocRopSjen- 
Hiwb, xo 9X0, ROHeqno, Jlreuo. HcnojHHB'B ace, qxo xpe6oBaJii 
oxi> Hero opAOH^, wfiWb Bcb BosMoasHBifl oO^n^aHia, CA&iaBi 
BecbHa 3HaqHxej[bHbiH yexynRH, flreuo xi^Hi canuirb B036y- 
pjTb coMHi^Hie B^ HCRpoHHOCXH CBOoro o6pa3a A'bftcxBifi; opAeffb 
se, ci> CBoett cxopoHU, pasi no^yBCXBOBaai coMHl^Hie, pasi* ne 
noB'bpHB'b flrejuy, RoneqHO AOJiaaeHii Oujn cRJioHHXbca na cxo- 
pony BHXOBxa, noxoHy qxo, rbrii mu yse roBopnjn, eMy 6ujio 
BuroAH^e noAAOpSHBaxb bi JIhxbI^ MeisAyycoOie , q'bif'b 6uxb 



- 47 - 

Bi caifux'B jyqnni'B OTHomeHiflX'B rb es eAEHOAepttaBHony 
rocyAapx). Ho paaopBaBi leneps ci flrejJoifB h naiitpeBaflCb 
jTbflrejBHO noAAepsHBaxb BHTOBia, opxeni AOJiaseH'B 6hijrb a6- 
CTOffiejbHo ycioBKTKCfl, saKoe noj^r^im oh^b BOSHarpaiBAeHie 
3a OKaauBaenyH) eHy noMoqb. Ilpesxe Bcero Bhtobtb AOJisenii 
6uii» HpecTHTbCfl, noTOHy qxo ebjobro 6ujio opxeny^ hm^b- 
meMf i^'bjbio HeycTaHHyiD 6opb6y ci flBU^ecTBOini , noMoraib 
flBU^ecROHy SHflBD. Rpeqeme npoHBomjio wh TanJiaB^, npH 
^ewh flSiiqecBoe mui Bhtobtb Oimo BaiitHeHO xpHcnancsHirB 
HMeneirb BiiraaAa, ^^® BaiiVB ohi o6%Qajcfl BJiaAl^Tb ot- 

I^OBCKHM'L EHflSeCTBOlTb, ROTOpoe XOT^JLl BOaBpaiKTb CMy MB- 

rHCTpi», Ran JieHOirB opAeea, h 6uTb eHy.BcerAa BftpHUM'b h 
nocjiymmiH'L BaccajioM'B; ^^^ Bhtobtii HeMori AaTb 6ojribe ea- 
xesHim rapaHTift h MarHCTpi XOJiseHi 6un noetpHTb any 
Ha oioBO. j^tflrejbHO Ha^ajHCb h npoHaBOAUHCb BoopyaseHiH 
wh npycciH^ o6o6eHHoe BHiMaHie 6iuo o6pan^6Ho Ha myxH- 

HOBTi, CI ROTOpUMH BhTOBTI HM^JIl nOCTOHHHIM CHOUieHiH H 

lOTopue, noHHfl fieftcxyTa, pi^nnunicK HaRonei^i BSHTb ciopoHy 
ero cima h noMou eMy AO^HTbCfl Hacjii^A<^i^BeHHaro yA^^ta; 
Hii paenojioseHie 61110 noAA^psaHO MancrpoirB, Roropuit ne 
BepecraBaj'b nociuaTb mrb oaosau, Roaeft h opyisie. ^^^ Co- 
rjacHO AaHHOxy o6'bn](aHiH) BOBCiaHOBHTb Bhtobtb hb otiiiob- 
CROiTb npecTOJifi, nepabie yAapu opAona 6um HanpaajieHU npo- 
THBi TpoRi ; ropoA'b 6hjiii bbhtx h, cHa6seHHuft rapHHBOHOiTL 
RSii opAOHCRaro BoftcRa, noAi na^aibCTBOii'b AByxi pbutapeit, 
OTAaHi> BHTOBTy. CoSbirie 9to hm^jio aaasHiafl nocj^ACTBia : 
MHorie JDiTOBipi h miyARHu, ao chxi nopii ROjefiaBndecfl, le-* 
nepb OTRpuTo CTBJH Ha CTopony ReftcTyiOBa cuaa h CTOBa- 
jHCb wb HeMy CO bc^xii cTopoHi. Qeiupe ROMaHAopa (hbi 
dibSHHra, BanH, XpecTfiypra h BpaHAenGypra) 6um nocjaHU 
HpoTKBi Bhibhu, cb npHRadameMii cse^b ee; howth noA'b ea 

CT&HailH, OHH BCXynHJH Wb OTqaflHHyK) « 6HTBy 01 IHTOBI^ailH, 



- 48 - 

nperpaxmmHMH mrb Aopory, TpH paaa oiSpaciiBajni JoiTOBiity 
opxeHCBoe BottcBO ch BESHoio HM Hcro noxepefi h tph paaa 
BuGmajiH HX'B pui^apH hsi aaHHMaeMoft nosmpH ; HaxoHei^'b 
HBTL yAdJOCb sase^b ropoAi» /I^OBOJibCTByflCb noaBapoMi ctojhi^i, 
KOMaHAopu He OTBaxHJiHCb ocTafiaTbCfl noi!be epexH Henpiii- 
TeibCRoit aeMJiH h OTCTymuni. Go6paBi cboh BoftcRa, MaracTpi 
PHHyjcii wh o6paTHbiit nyxb; Ha Aopor^ owl BsiijrL 3aj02B- 
HHBOB'b OTX HnyAH, ^Tofii oSesHeTOTb 066*6 en Bi^pnocTb h, 
no coBtty cbohx'b qHHOBHHiOB'b, nan BiTOBiy 3811011 Mapien- 
6ypri>. nocTpoeHHutt Sjihsi KoBHa, hbri yStaaiQe hjle tkYb 
jiHTOBi^eB'L, ROTopue TOJDiaMH cStrajHicb Ri HeMy. fiasajiocb, 
qTO Bhtobtl AOCTHF'b CBoeit i^-bJiH, ho , RaR'b CRopo yAaiocb 
eiiy npio6p%CTH TpoRH, tbkl me CRopo oh'l noTepnj'b hii. 
Eqe He Ha^ajacb 3HMa (1883 ro^a), RaRi ctojihi^b fieftcTyTa 
CHOBa nepeuiJia bo BJiacrb flreua h GRHprejia, rawb mo no- 
xoKb 1383 roAa He npHHec^ eiiy HnaRott, ocflaaiejibHott bbi- 
roAU. AaAHtftmifl o6cTOflTejbCTBa cjarajiHCb Rpatae HeSjaro- 
npuTTHo: 3Hifa 13^%4 roAa 6um ofeHb cjiaSaa h, HecMorpfl 
Ha sHa^HTeibHoe CTe^eme 3arpaHHqHux'b rocrett b^ Dpycciio, 
He ptniHJiHCb npeAnpHHHTb noxoAa bi cTpany, Tut toaro cy- 

POBBH 3HHa A^flJia AOpOrH npOXOAHMUMH. XHBfl ci CBomoi 

SoHpaMH Bii MapieH6yprb, Bhtobtii ynorpeSjiHJi'b BCt ycHim, 
qToOi BoaSyAHTb MaracTpa rt. HOBOMy noxoAy h, thrti ebwl 
y^acTie opAena Morjio 6iiiTb noAorptTO lOJbRO hobumh yciyn- 

RBMR* OHl pi^niHJICfl Ha HOBUfl ISepTBU: nOATBepAHB'b B'b Ha- 

^ajife 1384 roAa, npeacAe ASHHoe oS'&qame, qio offb npsHH* 
Maerb CBoe xpoipeoe RHsisecTBO, Rani Jien'b opAeaa, ROTopuft, 
B'b GJiy^alb 6e3AtTHott cHepxH ero h ero hotohrobx, nepexo- 
AHTb BTi nojiHyw co6cTBeHHOCTb pui^apeft, oH'b ycrynnjrb eqe 
Hirb dHaqnreibHoe npocTpaHciBO, B'b TOM'b qncji^ flSufyAb, qro 
cocTaBJiffjio A^BHiOH) H j[H)6HMy» i^'&jib opACHa, Tnwh Ewn 06- 
jiaAame dioio cxpanoH) BecbMa oGier^ajio BeAeme boMhu ci 



— 49 - 

Jhtboh> h TiCHte (»H8UBaio ch Dpyccieft JIhbohIh). ^^^ 
KaiTb Tflsejo 6buo noioaeme BHioBia, bhaho h31» tofo, qxo 
Tafflfl BasHUfl ycTynmi mr&JiH pe3yju>TaT0Hi> tojiuko HesHaw- 
TejibHLitt Ha6irb Ha JIhtby, ROTopuft, Kponfb ao6uw, HH^ero 
He xocraBHJTb HecqacTHOMy khhsh). BnpoqeirB, CKopo 3a dXHM'b 
HaS^roBTb iiocji[£AOBajo npeppiarie, Hvitomee fiojite BasHUfl no- 
cjrbACTOifl* BOsaaMibpHjaEeb nocrpoHTb 6j[H3i» EoBHa BptnBift 3a- 
MOKby noA'B sanprroM) Roxoparo AOJiSHU 6hm cofiHpaTbCfl 
pui^apH AU noxoAa la JlHrey h ROTopuit noimewb 6lui> CAep- 
sHBaTb jMTOBi^eBii Ha cjyqatt HrBnosymeHifl onycTomaTb BiaAft- 
HiHopAena. Ci> yAHBHTOJikHOK) 6iiCTpoTOH), b'l Anef^^kJOL^ nocipoeH'B 
6uj[i» RptHRitt saMORi, ROToputt BHymHJi MaTHCipy ropAejOE- 
Byio HRAesAy JerRO noRopHTb c^ tbrhmh BanRaMH bcio jHhtby, 
ero HaasajDi MapieHBepAepi, noTOMy qto oh'l 6un pacnojio- 
men-h Ha ocipost h HOCBBqeHi npewcTofi j[tE^. OiA'bJibHue. 
oipiAU 6ujH nociaHU bo Bd^ cTopoHU, htoSu rpa6HTb h Aep- 
saTb Kb oTAajeHiH Henpiflrejifl, ROTopuit Mori 6u noMi^maTb 

DOCTpottRt. He nOCiaCTJHBHJIOCB OAHOMy Hdl HHX'L noAi» Ha- 

qaibCTBOMi RDMaHAopa EWb FarnHTU, xpa6paro BuraHAa BaJib- 
AepcrettMa; npoHHRHyBb no EepnoBa, onycTonfflB'B b% ROHei^B 
npo&AeHHoe npocTpaHCTBO, owb yse BOSBpan^aJicfl cb 6oraTOM) 
Aofimeft, RaEii 6iwb HacTHrHyxb dHaqniejibHmfH cHJiaMH, noAi 
npepoAHxejiBCXBOM'b flrej[ja h CaHprejiJia^ wb oasecxoqeHHOM'B 6oi) 
norHfii BajbAepcreftiTL cb hI^roibrhmh pBu^apBHfi, ociauHue 
nonaucBB'B pyRH Henpiirrejis^ ri Roxopoiy nepemia h Ao6uqa. 9xo 
eecqacxie anaqixejibHO yMenBOiHio paAocxB, ci Hoxopojo CMOxpii'B 
■arHcxpi Ha rpoanyM) XBepAUHio, noAHflBUiyiocii HaasuqecRott 
seHift H npeAHasHaqeHHyio ajh ea saBoeBaHia. ^ ^^ llajiRia oxHouieHifl 

COIOSHHROB'B HJIH JiyqinO HORpOBHTCJia Rl OORpOBHXeJIbCXByeHOMy 

apRo o6pHC0BUBaH)xca t%mi, qxo Marucxpi, CA^JiaBb axoxi ho 
BU& uiarB HM AOCxHSOHifl i^&ih BaxoBxa^ cqeib HeoGxoAHMuarB 
aaRJUoqHTb cb hhmi hobuS A^roBopii^ Roxopuit AOJiaseHi Gujtb 

4 



— 50 -^ 

CBpiniiTb TO, 4T0 6uio oGftqaHO u jnemd noATaepsx^^HO bjatboId 
Asa paaa. Bhtobti cHoaa oSaaajca npHSHaBaib TpoKH jchomi 
opxena, Koroputt OBOHUTejbHO MUBfAerh bcAmi ero bha- 
aecTBOMi, Bor^a obx uh ero dotombh He ocTaaarb nocjt 
ceOa HacjfiAHHKOBi. Bi ciyiat, ecjH nocj^ Hero ooTaHerca 
Ho^b, opAOHi oOaayeTCfl BUA&Tb ee aa leiOBibBa , paauaro eit no 
posAOHiK) H, Borxa ona yiiperb OeaxtTHon, npHUHMaerb ea sja- 
Atuifl, na KOTopua Hysi ne Syxerb HM'&Tb UHBasoro npaaa 
Ecjni se BHToarb yMperb fiesi noroMcrea, a Span ero Ch- 
rH3NyHA'b npHMeTi» xpHcriaHCTBO , hbgi'&aotbo uepexoAHTii vh 
ueMy ci rbMH se ofiflsaTeucTBaMH. ^^^ CiTaBHMH uoApo6HocTa- 
MH onpeAtiHJi opAeHi act cjiyqan, BorAa BjaA^Hia Bhtobts 
He nepexoAHJH npaHO wb ero pyau. Hejbsa He yAHBJiaTbCfl Tony, 
MTO opAeni, TBEi ycepAHo CBsauBaBmift CBoero consHHsa mho 

. SeCTBOMl AOrOBOpOBl, H3l BOTOpUXl nOdtAyDQift TOIbBO noB- 

TopHJii npeAi>HAyqiit , npoTHByptqHjrb CBoeiy BsrjHAy Haxpai- 
TaTUBooSqe, TaRi bbbi h31 npeAmecTBOBaBmeft ero AtaTeibHocn 

OMCBHAHO, MTO OWb HO HHftJl» Bl OGuqaft CTiCHHTbCa HHCblieH 

HUMH o6fl8aTejibCTBaMu , BorAa oCcroflrejbCTBa TpeSoaaiH hxi 
HapymeHia. H thri BottHa saTaraBaJiacb, opAeni BuaaafciBajb 
HaMftpenie dnepraqecKH noAAopsHaaTb Bhtobtb , flrejiy npH- 
xoAHJOcb TpyAHO H HOCTeneHHO coapftaajio bi neirb yOfeXA^aie, 
qTo Bi> CBoeM% ABOiopoAHOMi 6paT% , KorABTO 6uBmeHi ero 
Apyrft, OHi Haniexb onacnaro apara, OAOJitib Koroparo TpyARo, 
a noTOMy SjaropaayMHl^e 6£i 6ujo Cb rniwh uoiHpnTbCH. Tiirb 
CRople AOJiaoH^ Suji'b npHATH hi laKOHy aaBivqeHiio flrejjo, 
qTo B'h TO apoMH roTOBHJiHCb BasHUH coOuTia, KU flcnaro no- 

HHMaHifl BOTOpUXl MM AOIBHU nopeMTH HI HCTOpiH COCftAHOft 

CI Jhtboh) IIoJLbmH. 



rjtABA II. 



Bi oQHCUBaeMoe epeiffl^ wb Qounit, ptuiajicfl BasHutt 
Bonpoci npecTOJOHacjftxiH^ Ha^aBiuifica ejofi npn shshh jId- 
AOBHsa, Kopojg BeurepcKaro h nojibcsaro. Bi ero pftmeHiH, X'a 
Hamero pascRaaa oqeob bbshom^, nepByio pojb Hrpaiorb Mar- 
HaTu, mjHXTa h t£cho ch hhmh CBflsaHHoe Ay^oBeHCTBo; boti 
noqeMy ne SesiBHTepecHO GyAerb npexcraBHTb KpaTXitt hcto- 
pnqecsift oqepsi nocreneHHaro paciuBpeniH npae^ h npHBHjeriil 

050BX'b COCJOBifi, KOTOpUfl JifiiMliL HMl B03H0SH0CTb pftOIHTb Sa- 

HHHBiDiitiii Haci Bonpocb no OBoeny npoHBBOjy. 

Bi HCTopiH DflCTOB^ He pasi saHtTHO CTpeMjeHie irb 
oOpaaoBaHiio caMOAepsaBHoft MOHapxin, na noAo6ie cyqecTBoaaB- 
uiefi yse na aanaAt. Bi btomi OTHomeHiH oco6eHHO aaisHa a^- 
flTejbHocTb BiBAHCJiaBa HsrHaHrasa h emfi 60 Jle - MeuiRa cia- 
paro. HxT> ycHjia, OAHaRoaci, ocTajncb Tu^eTHU : AyxoBHue h 
puuapH He n03B0JuuiH o6paTMTb ce6fl bi uoRopmixi aaccajOBii, 
OHH xoTtu 6uTb H 6uAin conpaBHTejiiiiH cBOHXi rocyAapel, 
qacTO npHHysAaeiiuxi» nocTynaib npoTHBi CBoero h coo6pa3HO 
m BseJiaHUO. BuAHCJiaBi HarHaHHSirb, Memio cTapuH, SasH- 
lipi cnpaBCAiiiButt ^ JleniRO 6ftwft, BjaAHCiaa'b jacHOHorift, 
MHorie HB'b DacTOBii CHJieacRHX'b h, HasoHeii'b BjapciaBi Jo- 
leieBi, cBepsBHieii'b ci ipoHa noniaTUHCb 3a seianie no- 
cxaBHTb ce6fl Bume iiaaBaHHUxi cocjoBitt, cqirraBiuHxii cbohmi 
npasoMii H npHBHJierieit, qToOu ace vb rocyAapcTBt coBepma- 
locb no Hxi coBf&xy n mucjdi. 9to npaao, CTaBBBmee hxii 
Buuie rocyAapa, ae pas'b Sujio npHBHaaaeMo: Memao ciapidt 
saioaaJicfl HMaepaxopy ae aa to, ^ito ero BuraajiH, ho hb to, 



- &i - 

qTO H3rHaiH 6es% cyAa; bi stomi bhaho npH3HaHie 3a naHaira 

AyXOBHUHH H CBtTCKHHH OpaBd HSFOHflTb CBoero FOcyAapfl, nOA' 

BeprHyBi ero uticmia oOcysA^Hiio. BasHMipii cnpaBeAJKButt 
o6i>flBHJi'L, wo p'&<ib nocnojiHTafl HMter'B npaBO 3a6oTHTbCfl o6i 
orpasA^HlH ceSa oti> sjoyooTpeOjemft. Pui^apn h Ay^OBHue, 
caHH Hacii^ACTBeHHO b jaAi^fl ropoAanH h BoibHUHH nocejieHbflHH, 
He MorjTH oTfiasaxb IIflCTaMi> bi> HacA'&ACTBeHfiOM'b npaal^ Ha 
3eMjno H fifixofjA cb Hefl, HO He xoTftiH cooOaitaTb Hirb npasa 
Ha Hacji^AOBame bibcth. IlflCTu pacnopflsajEECb RpaeMi bi 

GBOHXl daBiqaHiflX'b, A^JIHJUI CBOH RHHSeCTBa He&Ay CUHOBbHMH 
H 3flTbflMH, A^PHJDH H Mi^HHJIH »eMJ[H, BUA'&MJDH qaCTH A^ 

CBOHXi seHi H Maiepefi, ho Bce 9to ohh a'&'bjh ToibBO, Raffb 
Hacj^ACTBeHHue BeMjeBiaA'&ibi^u hjh, Jiyqnie CRBBaTb, BJia- 
A^jibuu AOxoAOBi ci BeMjra. CuHOBbfl BMAHCjaBa HsrfiaHHHKa 
He TpeSoBaiH bibcth , ho ToibRO senejib , ROTopufl ocTancb 
nocjt OTi^a. Ka3HMip'b BeiHRiit OTRasajrb B'b saB'&qaHiH Ka3H 
upy n^ei^HCROHy h cbohmi hoOo^humi cunoBbflM'b ToibHO it 
ropoAB, ROTopue ohi paBCHaxpHBajrb , rbri nacjitACTBeHHoe 
BjaAtnie CBoeit jihhih. IIo ciepTH RasHiiipa cnpaaeAiRBaro, 
KOFAa HpecTOJia AoSHBaiHOb aju JleniRa Otjiaro, bo3Hhri bod- 

POCI, RBKb paSCMaipHBaTb BiaCTb RHfl3fl, RBRb HaCJT&ACTBeH- 

Hyio Hjoi H36HpaTej[bHyio. Ho Bonpoci ne 6ujrb ptmen'b Teope- 
THqecRH, a hb npaRTHRft cocioflJiocb H36paHie, noroHy qio ca- 
Muil cflopii 6uA'h sarjiynieHi HpHRau HsOHpaBmHHH JemRa. 
riaBHuft cTopoHHHRi ero, enHCROH'b RpBROBCRift nejma, Bospa- 
saa npoTHBHHRy ero HsOpama, 3a MaiojiftTCTBOM'b, oROHurb 
p'bqb CBOK) ciOBaHH: chhrto ho Hoserb npenflxcTBOBaTb co- 
H3BOJieHiio HaqaibHHROBi*, p^uieHiio naBOBi h HapoAa». ^^^ Hasa- 
jio6u MemRa ciaparo HMnepaTopi oxBi^THJi'b, qTO nejibsfl ot- 
HflTb y HOJiflROBii npaBO H36HpaTb ce6'& RHaseft. KasHidpi 
cnpaBeAJiHBufi , BiaAHCJiaB'b lacROHorift , FeHpHX'b rjoroBCRilt, 
BflqecjaBi* qeuiCRitt h ap* 5bijui HaGpaHU Ha npecrojcb, hohhho 



- 53 - 

HaciJ^ACTBerauxi npaBi. BjapciaBii loBeTeirB nm^n oporo 
TOJibEO cuHa, a npn cMq)Tn, ycHJibHO npocHJTB naHOB^, ^o6u 
ii36paj[H ero- 9th apnM'&pEi A0Ba3UBaH)Ti, ^to BejbMosH h 
naHu MorJDi ciijiaTb Bce 6e3ii RHflsefi, a EHHSbfl Seai hvx'L 
oqeHb HeMHoroe; wb oco66hhocth BJiacTb SHflSfl 6urjra orpann- 
'lesa npH mjnemE aaROHOB'B. HHTepecB AHHacTH^ecBifi 6uj['b 
HViTO Bi» cpaBHeHiH CI iHTepecaini pui^apcTBa^ aro hcho bha- 
HO Bi pa^Hux'L Hicxax'b BHCJ[fii9iaro cTaiyTa. IIpaBO sact- 
Aamfl B:b ceHaii^ He cxoibso ocHOBUBajiocb Ha saHHHaeMOM'b 
Bi iepapxiK mi^cvk ^ Be CTOJibKO 6uj[o CBHsaHO c^ sBaHiesi'B 
eiiHCHona, BanixejiHHa, bocboau h ap-i CBOJibieo 3aBffc%j[o ot'b 
wcja BoopyaseHHKix'b ctopohhhbobi. GaHoe ycipoflcTBo poAOBii 
mjHxercKBX'b coo6niaj[o hmi rposHyiD CHjry, noTOMy qxo Bct 
poACTBeHHRKB, 6jHaafiinie h OTAajieHHue, cocTaBJiHJiH OAHy 06 • 
DIHHy, A^ficTByiontyH) wb nHxepecaxii Bctx'b qjcHOB'b. Bo TJiaB'6 
Hxi ctohjh pyi^apb, BOxopoHy OBasuBajiH nojiH'6fiinee noBHHO- 
Benie bc£ qieflu poAa h cjiyra; no ero npHBasy rpaGnjn h 
jfiEBan Aase 663'b oxBtxcxBeHHOcxH nepeAi* saBOHOM'b. TojbRo 
BRCJiHipdfi cxaxyxii nocxanoBHjrb , tto nociyniaHie rocnoAHHy 
He Hosexi npoexHpaxbCfi ao coBepmemfl npecxyoJieBifl no ero 
npHEasaHiD h BCflBilt noAoSfluft npecxynHHsii 6yAeTi> HaBasaffb 
TaEse, Bas'L coBepniHBnii& ero no coScxBeHHOMy nponsBOJiy; 
BnpoqeH'b h no BHCJiiii(soiiy cxaxyxy nani, ecjiH xox'bJTb, Mor'b 
6paTb Ha ce6fl oxB^xcxBeHHOcxb aa cbohxi cjyrii. Ha mjH- 
xercBOB'b Be cocjobih lesajia oSoposa Bpaa , a H3^ axofi o6h- 
3aHHocTH Buxesajio npaao mjuixxHqa coSnpaxb pasJiBMHue ao- 
xoAu (yb BOJbHaro nocejeHi^a (BMexfl)) jfjaime roposanHHa, no- 
nuHHu H Huxa ci nepeBOdOBi, MocxoB'b h t. n. dxHirb (yb OAHofi 
CToponu o6iflCHflexcH dHaneHie nuiflxexcBaro cocjobih, no ox- 
HomeHUDBi BHH3I0, Boxopufi 6e3'b exo coAMcxBifl, He Mor'b coSpaxb 
BoftcKa, a cb Apyrott no oxHomeHiH) bi napoAy^ Boxopuft xa* 
BHii* o6pa3oirb cxbhobbjich ooai ero BJUHHie, xftm 6ojAe^ ^To 



— 54 — 

wb ceiaxi, pflAOM^ ci KMeieMi, bojehumi ^oceleH^eM^^ cRopo 
noHBiLicfl H pa6%^ BoeBHoui^HHufi ; xan nocreneHHoe yoHjie- 
Hie Bucmaro cocioBifl uiJio ptiAOM^ ci» nocxeneHHUHi jih 
ineHieMii Bcbu npaBii HHcniaro. CTaTyTi BuciHipuft nocTano- 
BHJi'B sptBocTb RMerefi 36Hj[i^ H A&Ji'b npaBo OAHOMy, HHoro 
pyHi, nepexoAHTb eseroxno 031 A^pesHH wh APyroe mI^cto 
asHiejbCTBa, o6n(ee me nepeceieme Horjio 6uTh toilbo wb ne- 
MHorHxi qpesBu^aBHux'L cjiyqaiixi: eciH naHi yqHHHTb ua 
CHJiie HBAi^ qbeio nSo seHoio hjh Ao^epbH), RJra ecu no 
BHHi^ ero RpecTbflHe nopeprHyTCB cyAe6H0Ny npecitAOBamio^ 
HiH i^tiutt roA'b npoGyxyTii no^i i^epsoBHoit rjhtboS. Jifime 
BT> yiipaBieHiH ropoAOB'b nLiBxercRift dieHeHT'b hm^jii BasHoe 
SHaqeHie, tbri rbri soiiTOM^ ropo^a ofiuRHOBeHHO Obm pu 
i^apb; 3aHHMafl cboid AOJisHOCTb sacJi'&ACTBeHHO, nepeABBafl ee 

CBOHlTb A'i^TBM'b, OHl, npH H3BtCTHUXl> AOXOAaXl C% npOMbIG 
JTOBX H TOprOBJIH, MOFb paCWTUBaTb^ MTO, COBpeMeHeMl, pOAT* 

ero CAtjiaeTCfl OoraTum h HoryqecTBeHHUM'b. Epa jih He Buuif 
mjmceTCTBa ctomo B'b Rpa4 AyxoBeHciBo- snaqeHie enHCRonoBx 

6UJ[0 BeJTHRO: eOHCROHl RpaROBCRitt FeTRO, B'b npHCyTCTiH MHO- 

roucjieHHaro napoAa, ocMtJUUCfl CRaaaxb MeuiRy ciapoMy, mto 
cRopo SyAei-b pa6oTa cbRnp'b h qTO ero yHecyTi, RaRi nt 
Tyxa; bi bthxi cj[OBaxi> AyMaioTi. BHA'bTb yrpoay orpySHib 

RHH3H) rOlOBy. EnHGROHU nopaSHJffi I^epROBHUM'b npORJIflTieMl 

BjiaAHCjaBa HsrHaHHHRa^ Menma ciaparo, RoHpaAa Masosei^- 
Raro, nmeHucjiaBa I, BojecjiaBa SjiaroqeciUBaro, RoHpaAa no- 
TOBCRaro H paHHux'b IlflCTOB'b CHJie3CRHxi> , juaLme BjaAHCiaBa 
JIoReTRa H RasHMipa BejiHRaro. HecMOTpR Ha to^ qTO cyAeOnafl 
BJ[acTb MaBHUM'b oGpasofifb cocpeAoroqnBajiacb B'b pynaxi 
RHflseJi, AY^OBeHCTBO c^etuo CBOHurb npanoM'b h oOflsaHHOCTbio 
Ha6j[]DAaTb, qioSu RHHSb ho noj[b30Baj[Cfl 9toh) BiaCTbi) HSb 
jiHwux'b CBOHXi BHAOB'b. TaR'b Bi DodHaHH eHHCRonii H np^ 
6(^10,1, BhifflB^m oxpaHHue mcTu rbirb, Roropue nopeprajracb 



- 55 - 

npeojixoBaHho npaBHTeiBCTBa 6e3ib npnoBopa cyxa. BuBajn 
npiiApu^ mo Bucmie AyxoBHue qrau, KOHeqHO, npH ciaSoirB 
iBflS'b, sasjiioqajDi ipairaTU cb iHoseMHUMH rocyAapaHH Ha 
noAdy CBOMX'B enapxiit h Aase i^iaro ipaa. TaKi» HpaHAOTa, 
eracKoiTL KpaKOBCKift , HCX0AaTatcTB0Ba4i Aifl ce6fl y Qme- 
MuciaBa — OrroBapa qemcsaro ofiopoHy opoTHBi pyccBHXi h 

TETapi H AOrOBOpHlCfl Cl HHirb, qTO nOJUIH OCBOfiOAflTL BCftXl 

njftHHux'L qexoBi, a IlmeHucjaB'B, ei> cBoeft CTopoHU, He TOJibBO 
^jtiaeTB Toxe OTHocHrejibHo 00181081) ho nocTapaeica ocbo 
6oxHTb H Ti^xi 831 HHii, soTopue yase npoAanu naA^flpaMi, 
KyiaHaiTb h pyccsHm. Ghhoau npoBBHiuajibflue, na BOTopue 
H3AaBHa codHpaiocb AyxoBBHCTBO, AftAi 6Hy HOByio cuy, no- 
Tony qTO axH cofipanifl, na Boropux'b cnaqaia pl^majnicb lOJbBO 
viCTopejHrioaHue Bonpocu, CBopo noiyujui xapasiepi 3aR0- 
HOAaTejibiEuxi> ho TOJibBo AJ^fl Ay^OBOHCTBa, HO H HM HapoAa. 
Ho He B-b dTOiTb OAHOHi 3aBiio^ajiocb npeaocxoACTBO AyxoBHOft 

BiaCTI HHA'b GBftTCBOH). QopBai ^pea^ pa3H006pa3HUX'b H Bpalt- 

He MHoroqHCJieHHUxi> cBOHXi npeAcraBHTejieft npoHHBaJia ao 
nociftAHeil xaxu h, noAmnflfl CBoeny HpaBCTBenHOMy BJOflHiio 
HapOAib, Ha HOHii ocHOfiUBaja cbom) CHJiy; noAuaeHHOCTb aee 
HapoAa AT^oBeHCTBy wb to BpeMfl, HorAa nepaiiitt 6ujn» He* 
pasBHTb, a BTopoe 6ujio eAiHOiBeHHUirb cocioBieMi , Boropoe 
onpeAtouo paamie mosat AO^poMii h ^owb i 6iua necoM- 
HtBBa H npoqaa. Ci apf^^ cTopoHH IlflCTU h 6oraTbie BOJib* 
Bom, KMM cnacemfl Aynn cbohxii, seprBOBaw i^epBBH ropoAa 
H cejia 6031 BCflBBXi oOflsaTeibCTBii Kh Rpaio h npaBHrejbciBy 
Ha TOJTb ocHOBamH, qTo npHHaAiesaqee Bory ne aoisho hoa- 
MHHfiTbCfl BiacTH CBiTCBoS. IIodAHi&e caHH AyxoBHbie npHRy 
nan ce6i^ seiiejib, SoraTbn h ycn^jm AoGHibca npHBHjeoB'b 
Ha npaBO cyAa h HCEaHi MOHexu^ npaao cyAa , Rone^HO cjit- 
nycTb noEHMaxb) loibRO no OTHomeHiro wb irfecTHOOTHirb, na- 

XOAHBIDHMCfl Bl HXlb BiaA^HiH, HO flmemJO AyiOBHUXli cynoBii, 



- 56 - 

B^ HtROTOp£IXl> CJiy^aHXX, nOA^IHBffJIOOb H BHCmee COCJOBie, tb- 

fiOBU Al&j[a no AyxoBBUH'b aaBi^maHiiM'b^oS'L ocisopSjMfliH i^epiBBH 
II efl cjiyiKHTejiefi, o cBflToraTCTBi , CwoxyjiBCTBi^ h ffime yr- 
HtTesiH BapoAB. Ecm bo ^6jnBWh j^steeo^ Roropyio Ay^o 
BCBCTBO, Be CMOTpH HB npoTHByAMcTBie nuflXTU, yxepisaio 
3a C0601D , TO, coo6pa3HB'L Bce, noitMeirb, qro nepBoe Micro 
B7> Rpa-b npraaAieftajo eHy. ^^l 

9th to CTon MoryqecTBeHHiu cocjlobib aoisbu 6iuu 
pimHTb BOHpocL npecTOJioHBCJiiAiH) KOTopuii ^ KBKi MU csa 
sajor, HB^aicfl erofi npn bibshh iroAOBima^ BopojUL BBBrepciaro 
H noJbCKaro. JIioaobbbt^ , ctBmift hb noibcsoirb npecTOjA bi> 
1370 roAy, RorAB co cMoprbH) RasiiHipa BeiHRaro npespaTH- 

JiaCb OABB iI3^ Hi^CROJIkRHX'L JHHift) HB ROTOpUfl Jf^l^aOCh Ilfl- 
CTU,— JIH^HOCTb, CTOJCb SBHtTOTejlbBaH Bl> CB06 BpCMB^ qT006li 
H6M'b CTOHTb CRBSBTb H'&CROXbRO CME'h. Oui 6un CUWb Sapiia 

Po6epTa, ROTopuit, bjiba'^b RopoieBCTBaHH HeanojoiTaHCRHirB h 
H BeHrepcRHiTb, aseaaTuft hb EncaaeTt, cecTpi HeHMtBinaro 
Mysecaaro hotomctbb RasHiripa BOJiHRaro, hotl pac^HTiiBaTb 

HB TpH ROpOHbl A^ TpeX'b CUHOBeft CBOHXl : JbOAOBHRB, OtB* 

OBHB H AHApea. IlepBOMy HaaHa^Jn owb RopoHy nojibCRyn^BTo 
poMy -BenrepcRyH), TperbeMy-^HeanojiHTaHCRyio^Ho — qeiOBl^Ri 
npeAHOJiaraeT^ , a Borii pacnojiaraeT'b— CTeMHi yMepii, ne 

AOKABBUIHCb ROpOHU) AHApeft HOrH^'b Bl H^IBEOWb HeBHOJil^^ 

TBR'b 4T0 JlioAOBBR'b, neperoBopBMH oTfl^a €1% KaaHMipoHl npi- 
o6p1bBniiilnojbCRyioRopoHy^ Hacjt^AOBBjrbHocTajibHbifl BjaAtma 
Kapjia Po6epTa. *) TocyAapb IIojibniH h Bearpm, saaoeBaTcib 
/l^aJiiai^iH^cyBe peB'b HtcROJibRBx-b rocyAapcTBi npHAynaiicBHXi, 

*^) Kap^b PoCepT'b, orBBCKHBaa KOpony IIojibniH ajia cuna, o6tmaj'b bt> 
1339 roAy BosBpaxKTb eft li aeiuui, KOTopuA (Sujh aaxBaHeBH 6paHAeB6yprcKHMu 
MapicrpaoaMH h HtMemcHMi opAeHOMi b npe»Ae Bcero o6ii3UBajicii BuraaTb pu- 
napeft b3t» saHBraro bbih IIoMopBii. RaaBHipii corjiacBjicB, bo 1) noTony hto 
0E% 61U1, Mflns JIvAOBBKy, a BO 2) BOTOKy HTo TaiOB BpeAJioseflii 6hua OH»Bh 
BuroABU AJiA IIojibniB ; caHi» me ob%, KaKi> BSBtcTBO, Be jid6bit> boSbu. Bas- 
BtftmiA jrana aTxobbub b CBticKiii, 6ea'b bojIR Koiopinci BeJOM. 6iuo eAlnn 



— 57 — 

offb TOJMO B'b Heanojt BcrpiTHJCB npoTrayxftttcTBie, Henpn- 
3HaHie CBOHXii llpaB^^ bb ini^t KopoieBU loaHHU, eonacHB 
mefies hb HaGEncTBeHHyio CMeprb Mysa, 6paTa JiOAOBmsa, Ah. 
jipefl. K-h o6mHpHOCTH BjaAtnift npHCoejiHHHjncb wn 6oraT6TBa; 
pyHBHKH BeHrepcKie 6iuh HOHCMepnaeMii h AoexaBJun mpoiH) 
B(76 cpeACTBa hm ocyqecTBienix ero BCJiHMaBuxii ubhobii. 
nepeAii TaicHHi MoryiuecTBeMi ouoHBJicfl BHBaHTittciift HHiie 

paTOp^, HBAtflOb HaitTH Bl» HeMl DOMOiqB UpOTHB^ TypoRx. 

nanu ue sHan , KauMH cJOBaMH BbipaaHTB CRoe wb HCHy 
yBureme, ohh aasMBajiM ero SjaroMeoTiBMnmrb, juaiksiilA* 

mHMl, nepBopoAHUMii cuhomi ob. i^pkbh , ipHCTUUUtitlUnH'B 

KOpOieMli. KOFAE Se JboXOBimi^ O&bflBHn BOftHy BoOHIh, H6* 

noBiAUBaBiuett rpe^ecKoe npaBooiaBie h noTomy CMHTaBueftcfl 
epeTHiecRoia^ * liana HHOieHxitt YI HaHMeHOBajii ero dHaiieHO- 
H06]](eMi> i^ipiiBH (signifer eoclesiae), ho^ BM^toxo Bochih, noBufl 
3HaMeH0H0Geivb noBeii cBoe ipecTOHOCHoe Boftcso ua Hoxpiio 
H JiflAVLaujjo^ saBoeBafiie ROTopuxii amsho 6u<o yHHOiKHTB ero 
cuy H 6oraTCTBO ^ a ho coA'^ftcTBOBaiB HHTopecaMB AepRBH. 
Ero 6jaro%CTie rjiaBHUMi oSpasoM'B coctobio wb HeHaBHciH 

KieBpefllTBHB'BCOBepffieHHON'B HSrHBHiH Hl'B H31 FocyAapcTBa, 
HBlkHeyTOMHlKMrB npeCJLtAOBaHiH CJiaBflH'B) HCnOB^AUBaBniHX'B Fpe- 

^eeioe HpaBOCjaaie. Ero HasBaHie JuoSeaHaro, nepBopOAHaro cuhe 

I^epRBHBOBCeHe COOTBi^TCTBOaaJIO TiM'B OTHOmOHiflM'B, BT> lOTOpUH 

OH b nocraBHJTB oe6fi ii> cjiyaniTejiflM'B ajiTapn; nojioseflie AyxoBOH- 
CTBa B'b ero Bpenfl 6ujo Tflsejioe, hbkto ho hm&li> npana 

nepeAaiHHacjtACTBenBHTonpaDa, 6ujih iroAKynjieBH AenBraMB hjih ApyrHMs aeM* 
nioiH 6jiaraMM b corjuacBJiBeb, BuroeopHBi*, hio JlDAOBBirb coBepararb npsco^ 
^ABBeHie oaHaHeBBux'b aeneji aa cBoft CHevb , ae 6yAeTT> npBcujiaTbB'b Ilojamy 
VRoseimeB'B ajib saBBTiji CTapocTMBCKBx*b ypBAoBi H ^TO AyxoBeacTBo B mjiirx- 
n, e% Bill cejuiMB a jnoAbaa, 6YKfrb boa&bu orb acftzi BOA^Teft, aa acxjn>*ie- 
Hieai TaKi» aasueaeMaro akroleyatwa** vjib „lanoye**, noAaTB aesaa^BTeABaoft. B'b 
BoejiACTBiB KaaBrnpii aeABaift AorosopaACii, ^no Tpaxrarb aTorb lepicerb cbod 
CB4y, ecjui y B«ro poABTCB ohbi», bo cHsa ae (luo. 

* BnpoHeiTb B'b BocaiB 6uab aocA'^AoaaTeja cesru IlaTapeaoB'b- Eoro- 
muoBi. 



— 58 — 

OTAETB flJDi saBi^qaTB eHy cboeo seMii), Bct atxobeus aoj* 
SHOCTH H 6eH6«Hi4H padAHfiaJTb JioAOBHirB no GBoeMy npoE3- 
BOjy, Be o6paii^afl hh Majr&ttmaro BHHManifl Ha npaBa Ay^OBHoit 
BJiacTR. He paai BenrepcKoe AyxoBeecTBO sajioBajiocB nani. 
H nana pimajicfl Tonso yMouTB BopoieBy EncflBery^ naTb 
JIioAOBHEa, npeRpan^emn «TaKoro THpancxBa*. Bi Uojom^ ne 
npexpaBJiajDEicb cnopu ero ci xy xoBencTBOMi o noxaTni* cb i^ep* 
KOBHuxi HMtaiil HHHOAHHi H31 Kopoieit Toro BpeMeHH He na 
necB CTOJIBKO y6uTS0Bi> MOHacmpflirB, bbki JIioaobhk'b. Taiafl 
nocTOflHHag, HHRorAa He ycTaion^afl 3a6oTJHBOCTB o CBoeft iqff- 
6um CAi^Jraia mi Hero oTiHwaro aAMHHiCTpaTopa; He opo 
My nojiBGROMy Ropojio He yxaBaJiocB Tasi npaBHiBHO coSnpaTb 
noAaxH h pasHue aoxoau; wl ero ^HnancoBuxi pacnopflaseHiflsi 

MM BHAHHTi HOBUft AY X'B, HOBUfl nOHHTiff, KOTOpUfl CTaBflTb erO 

Bume Btsa. BnojiHi^ noHEMaa dHa^eHie Toproajra h npoMBimieH- 
HOCTH, OH^ OTHOCHJicH cb ocofieHHuiTB yqacTioiTB wb Byne«iecTBy 
H ropoABHi BOo6n^e, cpeAH osecTo^enHux'B Boftni saOoTHJCir 
OH'B 6e3onacHocTH AoporB h o 6e3npenflTCTBeHH0Mi> xoaI^ Top- 
roBJiu. TeBTOHCEie MarHCTpu, bb cbohx'b nncBMaxi ki> AABHrt^ 

He MOrJIH AOCTBTOMHO BOCXBaJDITB JIi0A(»HBa Ba nORpOBHTeJIb- 

CTBO, RdRoe ORaaiiBajocB, vb UoshoA^ Rym^airB bi ero i^ap- 
CTBOBame. ^^^ Tanoe nanpaBJieHie , RoneqHO, mjio b^ pasptsi 

CB AyXONl H npHTHaaHiflMH pBipapCTBa^ HO JlOAOBHRB MaJO 
TOMB 3a60THJ[Cfl H BCfa OFO JIIOShMI^P HpHHaAJiesajni Rl HHO- 

loeNy cocjoBiH) He oarhxi, Bnpo^eMii, pBo^ap^ HenpiflTHo no- 
paasajio laRoe HanpaBJcenie Ropoj[fl , ho , rbri Bct noifliH 

Bl nOJBmi^, TBRX H BC« BeHTpbl B^ BeflFpiH , 6bMH HMl He- 
AOBOJBHBi; HM HaCB 3T0 OyAeX'B nOHHTHO, eCJIH BCnOMHHVT>, 

wo ropoAa, bi to BpeMH^ ocoSenno bi noj[Bni'6, Cbuh nepe- 
nojHeHBi HH0CTpaH^aMH, npeHMyii^ecTBeHHO HtNiJ^aMH^ TaRi «ito 

nORpOBHTejBCTBO TOpOABM^ 6BIJ0 nORpOBHTeJEBCISOMB dJOMeBTy 

npHniJOMy, HuoseMHOMy, ^xo ho Mono npaBHTBCfl TyseMi^aii^. 



— 59 - 

J^jui noAmH, Ki TpoHy BOTopoft owh 6bijn> npepadHa^eHi ci 
1339 roAa^ ohii 6bijii coeepuieHHo <iysA^, raRse. MWh h ona 
eiiy: 6ojrl^e 30 jitTi osHAafl ea RopoBbi, oh'b ne nocTapajca 
HayqHTbCfl nojibCKOMy fl3biRy h roBopHJi ct» nouRaMH vpeai 
nepeBOAqHKa; bi npoTHBROCTb HaaicTHott aHTHnaTiH noiflROB'h 

Kl Hi^Mqail'b, OH'B O^ieBb JHOOhJTB HXl^ H BeflaBHCTHbEH xJifl Bcett 

crpaHbi uiMeipdit opjudwb uasbiBajTb ero gbohmt* OjiaroAtTe- 
jeM'b H noRpoBHTejieMii. OTopsaHHaH on IIojibniH CHjeaifl^ ro 
Topyio OHi^ no ofitqaBiiDn Aafluouy bb RopoHaitiH, o6B3aHi> Sbiii 
BoaBpaTHTb, nocjiyflKHJia emy cpexcTBOifb npio6p%CTH xo6poe 
pacnojioseHie JDRceMSyprcRaro aomb h, Rorp, rbri yBBXHHi 
cefiqacTb, eHy npmnjiocb hcbbtb seBHxoBi na cbori'L Ao^epeit, 
offb oSpaTUCfl Ri» TOHy se jiiORceM6yproROMy h ApyroMy^ TaB»e 
BBOJHi^ HtMe^ROlfy) BMeHHo BBCTpiftcROMy A^Hy. BecbMa ecTe 

CTBCHHO) <ITO TBROtt ROpOIb R6 HOri AOBl^pBTb CBOHMl HOAA^H- 
BblM'b H dmWh TOJbRO MyBCTBOMB Hbl 06lflCBfleMl TO o6CTO- 

BTejbCTBo. qTO, BCRop'fe Bocjit RopoHa^iH, BosBpanqaflCb wb 
BeHrpiK) , om yBeei ci co6oh) noj[bCRyH) RopoHy h APyriff 
RopojieBCRifl pera4[iH; obi onacajicB, qTo6i noj[RRH Be aopoBo- 
BBJiH Roro Hii6yAb APyraro, wb ero orcyrcTBie. Ohi> ho xot^ji 
SHTb B^ Hojibnit H BCB ero A'^T^^ROCTb. ho OTHomeBiio 
Kh BTOJt cTpaHi^) mrbjia i^tjibio ero Go6cTBeHBbie, oaMHAHiiie 
HBTepecbi^ a Be 6iaro rocyAapcTBa, ynpaauTb RoiopuHi obi 

6hldl^ upuaBBBii riBBBafl H^Ah ^ Rb ROTOpOit CTpeilHlCB OWb 

BB Ilojbmi^ aaRJiio'iajiacb Bb cTapaBiaxi oGeaneMHTb ea RopoBy 
3a OABOH) Hsi cBOHxi no^e^elk. He Hirba MyaecBaro noTOMCTsa, 
OBI 6b[jii OTi^eH'b Tpexi Ao^epefi^ KaTepHBU^ MapiH h Aabh- 
FH H^ noAo6HO onqf CBoeMy ^ mfbameMy ipexi ciraoBeft) ovb 
AyMan GCTaBHTb RaaEAoit hsi hrxb no RopoB'b. He Haio 
TpyAHOcrefi npeAcraajajio ocyn^ecTBMHie dToro nji^Ha, noro- 

My qTO^ Cb OAHOit CTOpOflU, HySBO 6lU0 BOBCTaBOBHIb CBoe 

npaao bi Heanoj'b, a ci APyi'oft? cjAhobuo yBumosBTb ao- 



— 60 - 

roBopii) 3aKimi6HHuft Cb noAflRaMH wb 1355 lojij^ no koto- 
poMy JioAOBHSi a6fl3aj[Cfl ^ase He AyMaTb o nepej^aqft HopoHU 
OAHoft Hdii CBOHX'b AO^epefi; bi cjyqat CHepiH JIiOAOBiBa, 6e3'& 
Myscxaro noroMCTBa, CKaaaHO bi btohi AoroBopi^^ A^HHafl bi» 
BtpHOCTH npHCflra, Tasse, BdBi h Bci o6fl3aTeACTBa yninTO- 
saioTCfl H ocTaioTCfl 6eaT> nocjri^ACTBifi. ^^' Bnpoq^TB, eo- 
J86u Aase noiflSB^ BOo6ii^e BpasxeSHO OTHOCHBmecB bi see- 
cBOMy npaBieaiio, h eorjfacHjrncb sairbcTHTb ipoHX CBott 
seHQHHOJt, TO ocxaBBiiflCfl mcA BaaHHipa B. j^oqepir^ AHiia h 
flXBRra, HBiftJH SoJBmee nanero npaBO^ ^twb j^qepH JIioAOBHRa. 
IIpHBUEHyB'b ynopHO cTpoMHTbCfl Wb CBoeft B^m H He paaOHpaTB 
cpeACTBi Au efl AOCTHiseHifl, JIioaobhr'l, cnpaBexMBO c^HTaH 
CBpoTi BasHMipa oiiaoBUMH conepHHqaiiH pfl cbohxi xo^epeiL, 
TOTqacB nocji RopoHaqiH, peai BVh bi Benrpiio; ho^ Roneqeo, 
aioro 6ujio HOAOcTaTO^HO nu yRRqioaeHiH evl ^paB^. Tofah 
npH6trjiH Rt cpeACTBy^ ROTopoe cqHTajiH fiojcbe A^ficTBRTejib- 

HUMl H ROTOpOe MBJIO FOBOpHrb Wh ROSb^J HpaBCTBeOHOCTH 

JIioAOBHRa H ero ccnsI^thhrobi: AO^iepn RasHiiipa Ha cyAt> Ha- 
powo AJ[& 9Toro cocxaBieHHONi la^ Ay^oBHuxi n cbI^tcrhi'b 

CaHOBHHROBl, SmJIH oHflBlOHU HeaaROHHUMH H HOTOHy H6 Hlfb- 
Wn^HMH HHRHRIX^ HpHBl HB nOUCRyH) ROpOUy. ^'^ yCTpaHHBT» 

OAHO npenflTCTBie , cxajH crapaTbCfl 061 ycrpaHeniH APyraro, 
HHOHHO oH ynnqTOseHiH A^'i'OBopa 1355 roAa^ aTHHi aanfljiacb 
MaiE JIioAOBHRa^ RopojeBa EjucaBeia, ROiopoft CUH^^ ytsHBaff 
Bi Renrpiio^ nopyqHJTB ynpaajLeme Ilojibmeft. Haanaqeie Ejrnca- 
BBTU j(M ynpaBJieHifl QoiBmeit, npH qoM'B ona A^ftciBOBajia, 
RaRi KHsaiocb ^ bhojihI^ cairocTOflTejibHO) qio oTqacTH bhaho 
mi» efl THxyjia <CTapineft RopojieBU BenrepoRofi h npaBHrejib* 
HHi^fii noj[i>uui» ^^\ HM'610 u!bJLb¥i npiyqHTb eojiarob^ BHA'i^'rB 
senqRHy bo rjiafift npaBjemfl; eit se oco6eHHO nopyqRjrb Jio- 
AOBHRi cTapaTbCfl o&L yHHqTOseHiE AoroBopa 1355 foab^ ro- 
Topuft sarpasA^jTB ero Aoqepairb Aopory vb fposy. Bee 



- ^1 - 

HciyccTBo EncaBera ffimsLO 6iueo cocTOflTb bi BuOopi^ imffilk^ 

EOTOpUe 6UJ[H 6U AOBOJBHO JLOBRH H CHIbHBI, HT06U nOMO^b 

eit Bi wsowb TpypoMi j^iib^ xaRHirib OBasajicfl SaBsnia, ho- 

JOXOit apXHAl^BOHl H KaHI]lJiepi» KpaioBCKlft, CUH'b BOeBO^H Bpa- 

lOBCsaro j|^o6tcj[2iBa, npHBJieMeHHuft na CToposy npaBHTejibHai^iii 
o6ft]^aBieM^ AociaBHTb eHy nepeoe oTRpuBuieeca enHCKoncTBO. 
Owh npHHaffJieaaJi^ Vh SHaTHoft h BjnaTeibHott ^aMHmi By- 
posBeBSOB'B^ npraexoffBDiett hsi Maioft Doubih; otgi^Ii ero Jlfi- 
66ciaBi> 6uj[i BoeBOffOio BpaiOBCSHMX ^ 6paT% RpecjiaBii) 
lamTejiiHOH'b caHAeivtHMi, enHCKonii BpaiOBCKift BoxsaHxa npH- 
HaxJiexajii wh lojuy ase poxy, SuBfflift BnocitJ^/^cniH oiihgro- 
noMi noafiaHCMMi , HflRonfi h3% RypHHKa, xoTb a ho poA- 
cTBeHfliun, 6iui, bi Teqeeie acett shshh 3aBiniiH> ero HCRpee- 
Boi ApyroiTL H TaKT> san HiKOJiafl cjiaBUCfl CBomrB yiom, 
TO ^pjm69L ero 6iua oqeHB nojeaaa. Gi noMOS^io bthxi pox- 
cTBeHHHKOBi H APTBett yciTbJii SaBHina cmohhtb MHorHxii 
nanoBi wh HonojniMiio sopoieBCRaro seiama; oahh Hdi hhx^ 
no poACTBeiimufi oTHomemairB, Apyri6 nopynjmmue boiotoitb 
H 6oraTUMH ofiftii^aHifliiH , corjacwnob aa yaaqTOseflie Aoay- 
MOHTa 13 5 & roAa r bb cettit Kb BoiUK^ax^ CTapmaa jsflHh 
JiOAOduuia, ERsrepRfla 6ujia opHaHaHa HacjitxHH|eio aoibCRott 
Ropomi^ 9T0 coBepnDiJio(»i orojio 1373 roxa. ^^^ Ho aiToape 
Ma, RorAa ci TaRHMR TpyABMH h nosepTBOBaHifliiH 6ujia ao* 
eTHiHyTa i^ibjib, cm&yrh ERBTepHHU (1374) o6paTHja B'b hrvto 
BC!b ycHJia. Bi caMOirB n^ksA^ ecjui AORyHOflrb 1355 roAa 
6iAn HapymeH'b hb Romaj^ROMX oeiM'b , to 8to napymeHie ue 
ORORqaTeibRO ero yHR<iToauiJio; 6ujio TOJibRO cAtiaHO HCRin^e 
Hie Bi nojibsy ERaTepHsu h, rbri cRopo ERaxepRaa yMepjia, 
AORyMcnrb npiofiplbTaj'b ace qpesiiee aaa^ieBie. UyaRBo 6um 
BaqgHaTb A^o ciHSflOBa ; oiiflTb CTajii paSoraxb SaBama, 
BCTptwa coqyacTBie ii noAAepaay vh MaionojiHHax'b h cHJib 
aoe npOTHByAftficTBie wb Bejusoi Hojuaa'b , ROTopaa erpose 



^ 6i - 

nepBHX'B xperaia aP^bhia npeAaflifl a oiBpanvuneii on seHota- 
ro npaBjenifl; a^jio ooHTb pftuiHAocb na ciftBxt bi BoniHqaxi 
wb 1 374 roxy. SaiiibqaTeibHO, OAHaRosi, qTo coBepmeHHO npo- 
THBynojosHoe cpexcTBO Aaio noStxy RopojieBCKoftnapTifl: npes^^ 
fiopoib pasABBajii a^hbfh , nenepb owh norpeSoaajTB hx% h, 

HiCROJIbBO nOTOprOBaBlDHCb C'b naHaMH H DUAXTOID, GU4«HJl 

EYb Kb HcnoiHeHiio CBoero sejaHia. Hani yse hsbI^ctho hsi 
AoroBopa 1339 roxa, BOTopuHi KopoHa lOJibCKaa nepexaBajacb 
•liOAOBHKy no cMepra KaaHMipa aejiusaro , qro nuaxTa 6ujia 
HatoBjeaa on Bcftxi noABTett, 3a BCBjao^eHieirb mwb Hasu- 
BaeMaro ckr61ewstwa» wh Apyraxi aRTaxi «kr61ewszczizna> 
HJDi clanowe»^ a ApeBHte Tose canoe HaauBaiocb cporadliie>, 
qxo, BOHeqno eAfjerb npoHSBOAHTb on paAJUi, AP^BR^ttniaro 
aeMjeAiJbqecBaro opyAia. H'h mouuy XIY Bfisa bto 6ujo oahh- 
CTBOHHOB) noAaibio, ROTopyio eqe uaTUH naau h mjiaxTa, 
NesAy Ttirb^RBKi Wb npesflifl Bpenena 6iiJ0 601*60 a^cbth Haa- 
BBHift paBjmqHux'b noBHHHOcTeM, tbbobu poHiocne, podworowe, po- 
radlne, podyame, sep, nastawa, narzaz, wol, crowa, wieprz, czasza 
(MOAy), so6rki lisie h canie h Ap. ^^^ C'b ABBHaro yse BpeMeHH nanu 

HUlJiaXTB CTpeiUUaCb Kb yHHMTOSOBilO BC^Xl BTHXl noABTelt H 

TBBi jeafbrna B^ btomi^ mto^ co apeHeffb Kasmripa cnpaaeAJiiBaro, 
KHf 3bfl nocTencHBo TepaiH gboo npaao to hb oAHy, to hb APyi7K> 
noABTb, Tarb qTO Kb 1339 roAy^ KaR^ mu yase crbsbxh, oc- 

TBJICa TOJbRO OAHH'b pOA'B A^HOBHOit nOBHHHOCTH, CTBpOe pOrB- 

dloe HJiH lanowe, Roropoe bi^ XIV 3%r% iiaqHHaeTii iMBUBaTbca 
kr51ewstwo hie krolewsBcziziia , t. e. noABTb , HCBJiioqvreibHo 
npHfiaAJieaniBniaa RopojD, tbri rbri soft ocraibHiiifl 6iub 
nepeABHU miaxTft. CTpemieHie rocnoACTByH)ii^aro cooioaia hb- 
SsBHTbca on bcarhxi noABTeit oGiacHHorcfl ho toibro cb 
ToqRH spftHia BROBOMHqecRott, HO en^e 6ojAe pacnnipeHieirb ero 
npaBi, ycHJi6Hi6Hi> ero SHaqeHifl^ ROTopoe cA'bJBJOcb tbri BaasHO, 
MTO noBJieRjio 3a co6oh) orpaaHqeaie RopoieacRoft bjibcth. li[ap- 



- 63 - 

CTBOBame RasHiripa Bojunaro ae 6ujio ocofienHo SiaroniMflTHo mxa- 
lercTBy^ noKpoBereACTBO, soropoe OBaauBan owl seMJieAi^jib- 
qecBony cocjoBiio, 6ujio eecbMa HenpiflTHO nanaM'B, AaBmHM^ 
eiy HacMl^nuiiBoe npoBBaeie lopojifl KpecTbflHi (rex rusticoram) 
^>*); HeMBJio 6ujio HysHO TpyAOBi^ qTo6i hoawhhtii hxi aa- 
KOBy, BTOJiBOBBTb iiTB ySftsxeHie, wo aaROHi oipnaKOBO oSflaa- 
Teieffb, Rarb km Si^xnaro specTbflHiiHa, Tasi h j^mb 6oraTaro, 
BeibMOXHaro nana^ r'bm He Meaibe , KopoA He Mon octbho- 
BHTbAaBHo HaqaBflieecflCTpeMJieHie ouuiieTCTBa Kh nocxeneHHOMy, 
Bce Sojibuieiiy h 6ojbuieiEy, pacmHpemio ero npas'b h npHBue- 
ril. Bonpocb o KpojeBD^BHt, lOTopaa oahb TOJbio ^tjajia 
DiinTy cocjOBieMii noxaTRUMi, lOHeqao, AOiseH'b 6hm pt- 
uiHTbCfl npH Kaaeidpt BeiHHOH'b. HsBftcrao, mto naau npocHJOi ero 

f HHRTOXRTb 9Ty nOABTb, HO He HSB^^CTHO, qTO OTBivaJTb KOpOJU>; 

no MH'bmH) naHOBii, nosAHfte BUCsasaHHOMy , OH'b HcnojHHi'b 
■XI xejiaHi6) ho AOKyMeHTb, ocBo6ofl[AAK>npft mxflXTy on sToft 

nOBHHHOCTH, He 6UM% HaHHCaVb; HeCONHtHHO, OAHBBOaX, MTO, 

npi KasHMHpt, poradlne ^^arrnqecBH yae ho cyn^ecTBOBaio. 
^'l OcHOBuaaflCb aa oicyrcTBiH saROHHaro aira^ ROTopuirb 
DiJiflXTa lopHAHqecKH oGBo6osAA<i&cb oTb BpojieBn^H3HU H anafl 
ex oTBpan^eHUi ii njiaxesy noAaieft , Jidaobheii eocTBBHJi'b 
uavb, TpeSoBaHieMi btoM hoabtH) hphbocth noiflROB'bR'b hc- 
nouemi) cbohxi se janiit. HeosiHAaHO npoHeccH ciyxi^ mo ro- 
poib TpedyeTb c6opa RpojieBU^HSHu; rbrii rpoMoin 6ujia no- 
pasena uijuma , npHBURmaa yse owTaxb ce6fl cociOBieiix 
RenoAaTHUirb; ona Boscraja npoTHBi KopojieBCBaro HpHRaaaflifl) 
cqirrafl HcnoiHenie ero HaHocflii](HH'b yqepSi OBoeft qecTH. Opu- 
fiaBHiii El BTOMy, mo wh npflqHHax'b conpoTHBieniH nenocJil^A- 
Hee MicTO saHHiiajH h <»HHaHcoBbifl coo6paxeBifl: ci EasAaro 
j^a HJH Hjyra TpeOoBaiocb no 1 2 rpomett h no iitpt xjt- 
(a H oBca, vro, npHHHHafl bii ocnoBaHie pac^HCJieHie i^I^hhocth 
Xenerb no Ta6jiHfl[& %u:(Raro , cocTaBHT'b 12 sjomx'b, RpoMft 



- 64 - 

xit6a H OBca. '^^ TaKHM'b oSpasoirE h ociopSjeme lecxi h 
SHawTejiBHue MarepbflibHue y6uTKH Ouudi nocJA'^CTBieirb bo- 
pojeBCRaro pacnopaseHifl; pftmUHCb nociaTB uoomwb vb Bea- 
rpiH) cb npoxecTOMi, ho JIioaobhk'b XBep^o ctoui Ha cbo^ii 
H Bcb pibpeHiff nocjioBi o6% yHH^TosemH BpojieHnqidHU ewfi 
BasHHipoMi BejiHRMMiycTpaHUJii^ccujiaflCBHa orcyiCTBie AOBy- 
MBHTa, ROTopBOfL 9T0 yHH^Toseme 6iuo 6u sanptoJieHo. Ji^o- 
KasaBi CBOH npaaa, ohi> t^^itb ho Menfie Bi«a3ajr& roroBHocTb 
onasaTbCH orb hhxii, ecjni hourh, wh cbohi ovepoAb, HcnoJuunrB 
ero seianie, t. e. ynnqToaarL HCRjnDqeme senciaro ero no- 
TOMCTBa orb nacjrbACTBa noACRofi RopoHU h nepeAaAyrb ary 
RopoHy OAHoft Hdii ocTaBuiHXCfl y Hero Aowpefl. TaR'L rbri nocjDu 
He HM^JiH noxHOMoma Ha oGcysA^Hie othx'b ipedoBamfl Ropoja, 
TO HadHa^eHii 611JII HOButt cb^bai bi> KomHi^axi. MaionojUHe, 
MesAy ROTopuMH iipeo6jiaAajiH HeMHone poxu, ycni^Bmie aoc- 
THTHyTb rpoMaAHUx'B 6oraTCTBi h coeAHHOHHaro ci hhmh bjel- 
flHifl, He AyMajm hpothbhtbch sexaniio BopoM h totobh fiuun 
npHBHaTB Hacji'bAHHiteK) o^ay Edi> AO^epeft ero, t6hi Soifte, 
qTO 9T0 npHSHaHie yBOAHflJio EVb orb nocjftxff^fi A^HesHofi 

HOBHHHOCTH, ROTOpOit HOSAM OUlfi HpaBO TpeSosaTb Orb HHXl 

RopoJieBCRaa Raana; HanpoTHBi aenRaa Qoibma, r^^ npeofiia- 
Aaia 61bAHafl HUHXia, ocoOohho ROHcepBaTHBHaa, pobhhbo 6e- 
peryn^aa cboh npaaa h crapue o6u9aH poAHHU, pi^mHTeibHo 

He XOTftJia nOMHpHTbCfl CB HUGIBH) HOAWHemH SeHH^HHt H 

BCt ycHiia ctopohhhrob'b ABopaGHiH TH^eTBi]!. BejiHROiEO^aHe 
CRopfte GiUH roTOBKi Ha otk^too oonpoTHBJieHie^ ^!bwb na 
npHBHame sa senn^HHOH) npaaa 6utb BopojieiTB hojibcrhitb. H 

B'B CaiOlTB A^^^, KBR'B 6UM BOJUIBOnOJiaHaM'B COnaCHTBCa HE 

npHdHaaie sa senn^HHoio aacji^ACTBeHHaro npaaa na Ropoay^ 
ROFAa OHH He npHBHaaaiH Ba hoh) npaaa na HacjitACXBo Aase 
H wb qacTHOifB SuTy. 3% MaJiofi UosbwA aro npaao 6iuo 
npHBHano BHcmoiRHirB ciaTyxoM'B, ho, ne CMOipa na bto^ eH(e 



- 65 - 

HiCKOJbKO CTOJiftTift COyCTH, llOibCfiUH SOHlUHfla padCMSTpHBa- 

Jiacb KdRi HecoBepmenHOJiTHHfl h 6ujia bi> iiocTOAHHoft oneRi^, 
Bce paBHo A^BHi^a iijh aaiiysBflfl, a baobu BcerAa HM'bjH no- 
neqHTejeft. ^^^ QoAoGauit BdVJLBf;h na senu^HHy ecxb , ga^ao- 
BaTejbHO^ BBrjflA'i» aapoABufi h BejHRaa Hojibnia AOJSHa Giua 
CEMbEie npoTHBHTbCfl 6ro HSMiHeuiio, noTOMy MTO ea mhofo- 
wcieHHaa, y6orafl nuiaxTa 6JHse noAxoAHJia r'l iroBBTiH) o 
aapoA^, BcerAa TaepAO 0TCTaHBaH)]U6Mii cboh oouqaa, Bessejs 
HeSojbinoe hbcm najonojibCRni'b MaraaTOBb. 

Qo npitsAi Kb BoiDm^ BeJHRauoJiaHe, no o6u4aH), or- 
XtJUUHCb OTb Maj[onoji8Hi» H cocTi^iUH cBoe oco66HHoe Bi%e; 
Bi> dToiTb cjyqa^ pasAi^JieHie rbri Heusa Jiyjpne cotbAtctbo- 
Ba40 paajH^ii) bsfjuiaobii ea noA«iesau^ee o6cysAeHiio n!kM. 
Kopojb (qpedi» nepeaoAWROBi , laRi rbrii ohii He yMtJib ro- 
BopRTb uo noibCRH), AOiasBBi cBoe npaao hb RpoJieau^iiaHy^ 
BupasHJH conacie hb BHaqHTejibHoe ea yNeabmeHie, HMeHHo 
ci 1 2 Ha 3 rponia cb aasAftro jiaHa somjih, ocjih xojbRo no- 
18RH npHBHaiorb aa ero Ao^epaiiH npaao ua nojibCRitt ipoHi 

H OTABAyTl ROpOfly TOtt EZ'h HHll , ROTOpyK) BUSepeTli OWb 

CBMik Hju Ropojeaa 6a6Ra , hjh , HaRoneuii , Ropojieaa Maxb. 
HaionoiflHe coriacHJiHCb, BeiHRonoiaHC OTRaaajH na oipltoii n 
ffbanuMCh ccopBaiB Ge8irb» , t. e. ybxaa'b (yb nero, yHnqro- 
XHTb ero saROHHoerb, tbrii rbri ne bha^^ APyraro cpeACiaa 

BOCnpeOHTCTBOBaTb leHaBHCTHOMy AU HHX'b pi^meHilD CTOlb 

Baauaro Bonpoca. Ho HamtpeHie hxi ne Morjo Suib icnoine- 
Ho : RorAB ohh, Ho^ibio , noA^'IbxajH ri ropoACRHMii BopoiaMii, 
TO BamiH Hxi aanepruiiH h Boiett-HeBOiefi noimwhi Cujih npi- 
cyTCTB0B8Tb EpH cocTBBJieHii cTOFO no^iajUiHaro npHBHjefl, no 
lOTopoMy nuEflXTa nojiyqHjia npaao nenJiaTHTb noAaieft h B'b 
cBOHxii TOARo rpaHHi](ax'b sau^Hn^aib 0TeqecTB0». ^^^ 

droTb npHBHJietl, HanHcaHHufi 17 ceHTfl6pfl 1374 toab, 
Moaerb ciysHTb AORaaaTejbCTBONi; RBRb jierRo cMorp'bJi'b JIio- 



- 66 - 

AOBHRi Ha CBOH o6H3aHHOCTH no OTHomeHiH) rb noAmt H 
EBKh Majio AyHaJTb OHii efl fijiari. Bcib ero BBrjiflAiii, koto- 
pue ciapajcfl ohi> npoBO^HTb bi BeHrpiH, ero noBpoBHrejibCTBo 
ropoABMii^ T. e. ToproBJit h npoMUuijeHHOCTH , ero saMtTHaa 
xojiOAHOCTb Kb pui^apcTBy,— Bce 9T0 p'bniHTejibHO HeBflsexca 

Ch T'bMH rpOMaAHBIMB npHBHJieriflMH , ROTOpUfl 6UIH ABHU 

uiJiflXTib Bi> KoniHi^axii. IIpH Ra3HMip'6 BejHROMi HaqHHaercfl 
ecjiH He orpannqeHie niMxeicsHx^ npani, to, no Rpattnefi Hibpt, 
CTpeMJienie nojioacHTb npeA'&Jii» pasHydAaHHOCTH aroro coojoBifi, 
yAepHcaTb ero Kb rpaHHi^axi» saROHHOcTH, ocjia6HTb to BJdffHie, 
ROTopuMi> OHO yrntTajio npocToft HapoAi* h crapanie ABTb no- 
cjitAHeMy cpeACTBa Kb AajbHtttmeMy, xota 6li MaTepbflJi&HOHy 
pasBHTiK) Hhrto Apyroit, RaR'b CHJibHiitt h SoraTuit Jioaobhri, 
Mori npoAOi&aTb 9to h^o h TaRrarb oGpasoMi ocTanoBHTb 
HSJOffliHee pasBHTie npaBi oahofo cociobIh, iBjnnnHee atbcEe- 
Hie Apyraro, BiireRaioniee orcioAa ocia6jieHie RopojieBCRoft BJia- 
CTH H TtHi> BUBecTH Ilojbmy na Aopory, ROTopaa ne TaFb 6u 
cRopo npHBeja ee Kb naAemio. Ho JIcoaobhri o^eHb mhjo oSi 

9T0MI 3a60THJ[Cfl , Offb BCCb OUJIl noriOHfeHl eAHHCTBeHHOK) 

HUCJbK) o6e3neqHTb noibCRyi) Ropony sa oahoh) nsii cbohxi 
Aoqepett h, RorAa eMy yAaiocb AOCTHTHyTb 9Toft i^&xh, owb xairb 
oSpaAoaajicH , 4to, Ahme^ noBHABHOMy Sesi npocbCu miaxTbi, 
AaJTb eft H Apyrifl Basnua npHBHJierui , npoirt OROHqaTejibHaro 
noqTH yHHqToseHifl RpoieBn^HBHU. Kononpdit AoroBopi ocBofid- 
AUJ^ naH0Bi> h mjiflXTy orb Bctxi noABTeft h noBHHHOcreit, 

RBRl A^HeKHUXl, TBRl H Kb HBTypt H C006npjl» lOFb HOJ- 

Htttmyio CBoOoAy ornooHTeibHo RopojeBCROit bibcth; eAHH- 
CTBeHHUMi o6fl3aTeibCTBOVb , ROTopoe emfi oeraBajiocb 3a 
HHMH, 6uJia yniBTa AByx'B rpomeit (Roxopux'b bi noiBCROfi 
rpHBUt cqiirajocb 48), cb RasA^i^ laHadeMii, bi» SHasi npn- 
3HaHui ceOfl noAAftBBUMH Ropoja , h san^Hra oxeqecxBa , Bb 
ojyqat ecjH HenpiaTejib BTopraeTCH Bb ero npeA^ju^ Kb boAh^ 



— 67 - 

se sarpaHiraHoft, Koxopafl Sy^eri seAena noA'B jraqfloio soHaH- 
xon Kopojji, QUHXia, oOflsaHHaa conpoBOSAaib ero, nojiywrB 
B03HarpaBAeHie aa noHeceHHue eio yCuTim, t. e. npoqe csa- 
saTb 6yAerL Ha sajOBanb^, 6yAerL HaHmiaeMa. Cxapue BaHXH, 
Eo fipeiffl HHpa, EcnpaBjmioTCfl 6yprpa«aMn hjih Aepsaai^aMH, 
T. e. Ha merb npaBirejibCTBa ; bo BpeMfl BottHU norpaHHUHue 

TOABO 3aMRH HCnpaBJIiIK)TCfl ORpeCTHUMl HaCeJI6HieM'L. ECJIH 

KOTopult aanoKii SyAyxii CTpoHTb cb BtAOMa h coHSBOJieHifl 
nanoBi, TorAa ohh aoishu noMoraTb bi ero nocipofiKt, ecjm 
se Kopojb saAyMaexi cTponrb aaiion Sesi coB'bTa h bojdi 

miilXTM, TO CTpOHT^ 610 HB C06CTBeHHUit CH&STh. Bct HOJLm- 

ROCTH H AOCTOHHCTBa BoeBOAi* , BamTejflH0Bi> , cyAeft, noA- 
ROHopieBt H T. A- AOJiSHU 6uTb BBibpaeMU npHpoAHbiM'b no- 
jflKBH'b, HMeHHO yposeHi^airb xoii m^cthocth, th% oispu- 
Baexcfl BasaHcifl; HH0CTpaHI^ll He Hirbiorb Ha hexi* hhsb- 
Roro npasa. ToqHO laxse act rjiaBHftttmie saMBH, qncjioirb 
23, AOisHM 6uTb nopyqaeMU poAOBHXofi uuhxtI^ h T0jn»B0 
ocTajbHbie, ropasAO MeHbmaro sHa^eHifl, MoryTii 6uTb otab- 
Baenbi wb ynpaBjeflie HHOctpaHiiiaM'b. KnasecBoe npoHcxos- 
xeiie jnimaerb A^se npHpoAHaro nojiBKa npaaa Obirb cTa- 
p5cToio HapoAB nojbCRaro Hjni HaqajbCTBoaaTb sbmbomi. Bi 
nyTemecTBifli'b cbohxx no Rpaio, Ropojib HeAOJimeHb ocianaB- 

IHBaTbOfl B'b HMftHiflX'b HBHOBl H HIJIflXTbl, eCJIH SO HO Heo6- 

xoAHMOCTH ocTanoBHTCfl, TO sfijLmewb noKynaTb hb coOctboh- 
flUfl A^HbrH BCb npHnacu hm ce6fl h cbhtu. ^^^ 

BoT'b RBKifl nmpoKifl npaBa npoAOCTBBJiHJnicb RomHiprHMi> 
AoroBopoirb muxTt h RaRi> orpaHHqHBajm RopojieBCRyio BJiacTb 
CAl^aHHUH jswb ycTynRH. 9to tbwb CTpaHH'be , qTO , hobhah- 

ROHy, He HOIflRH BiUOrJIH' HX1> y ROpOJIfl, HO caifb Ropoib 

CB060AH0 Ha HHxi corjiacHJicfl ; ^^® ho Rpaftneft ir&pib bi hc- 
ToqAHRBXii HibTi yRaaaflia hb to, qToObi naHU npocHaH Jio- 
AOBHRa HOBbixi jibroTaxi. IIo^th noJiHaa cboSoab ot^ ho- 



^ 68 -. 

AaTett H sHamejDbHoe orpaHiraeHie BoeHHoA noBHimocTH en- 
BHJiH miflXTy Bi nojios6Hie cocioBifi, Eoiopoe nojD>3yeTCfl bc^^hh 
B08MO»HHiiH HpaBaMH H HecOTi Ba TO cjDifflKOM'B leFKyio cjy»6y 
rocyAapcTBy; — h Bce Taim BejiHEonojiflHe , HeAOBOibraie, co 

CTUAOHl, BUi^XaJin ES'B BOpOT'B KODIlIiyEHX'b. HX'b HeAOBOJbCTBO 

o6i>flCHfl6TCH He ToibKo OTBpaiqeHi^rL vb seHeRoiry npaBJie- 
.Huo, HO H T^Mt eqe, too jBroTu RomHi^Kifl, He cmotpa na 
Hxii snaq^ie, Bce tbrh ocxaBJifljiH hxi^ bi> noAarHOMi. cootoa- 
hIh; SoraTUiTL MajionojbCBHMi MarHaxairb nnqero ne ctohjo 
npHsaaaTb cbohmi RpecTBAHaM'^ ynjiauBarb HeoTflroTHTejikHyio 
AByxrpomeByD noAaib) ho 6'&AH0My miHXTHqy BejOBRonoibCBOiy, 
ROTopuft €06cTBeHHiJMn pyBaMH o6pa6oTUBajrL He6oju>moit, npH- 
Ha^JieiRau^ift eMy, RycoRii seiuH, noHHHO MaTepBUbnaro yipep- 
6a, thULo 60JILH0 BHA'IbTb ce6ff o6fl3aHHmrL no^aTbio, t. e. bi> 
rowb se nojoseniH, bi Roropoirb HaxoAHjmcb RpecTbHHe Ha- 
jionoACRHX'b MarnaTOB'b. Ti^iirb ne MeH'&e, oxHaRO, npncflra 
Aana Sujia Bceio mjiflXTOio, Jioaobhri xociHr'b cBoett vibiE 1 
Tenepb Morii nocaAHTb na noibCROM'b Tpont xy hsi xo^epett, 
ROTopyio OH^ caiTb noseiaerb. FMHpafl, (Mb aaBtn^ajTb nojib- 
CRyio Ropony Hapin, oSpyqeHHoft Cb CHTHdMyHAOirb , MapRrpa- 
^oM'b SpaH^eHSyprcRHM'b , cuhomii HMnepaxopa Sapjia lY, a 
BeHrepcRyH) — flABHrt , croBopeHHoft 3a BnjibrejibHa , repi^ora 
aacTpiflcRaro. Aojihrh ho hcuojhhjh CBoeft npHCflni h He nox- 
WHHJiHCb pacHopflxeHiio RopojiH H Cb caHott cMepxH ero, c% 
ROHi^a 1382 ro^a, bi Ilojibmt HauHaioxcfl CMflxenie h 6e3- 

HOpflAORl, ROXOpUXIi MU XaRSe AOUKH&I BCnOMHHXb, XOTfl 6u 

B% RpaTRHxi qepxaxi. 

En^e npH anaHH JIioAOBHRa, hojehrh ne 6fiUH aoboahu 
ero npaBJteaieM'b , noxoMy qxo, rbri mu roBopHU yse, ohi 
BOBce He saSoxHicfl CBoeMi> HOBOirb rocyppcxBt h He hh- 
xaji^ HH Majil^fimaro pacnojiosemfl k'l ero HacejeHiio. Shba 
nocTOHHHo »!» ByAHXb, oHb cHaqaia npexocxaBHjrb ynpaBJenie 



— 69 - 

HoAivett cBodl MaTepH EaeaBeit, noToin* BuSpan hi na- 
MtcTHora BjiaffHciaBa, RHHsa onoibciaro n HaROHeip> Haaaa- 
qan TpexT> npaBHTejieS : /I,o6ftciaBa, KamrejaHa RpaKOBCKaro, 
ero cuHa , eiraoHona ipaKOBCKaro SaBinny h CeHABHBOfl h31 
nifSHHa, Boeaoxy KajmrncKaro h ciapocry BpaiOBCKaro. Boft 

9TH JUqHOCTfl H6 HpaBUHCb BOJIflKaiTb; EjOICaBeTB fifOB BOA- 

Beprncb npoBJiaTiio apxHAiaBOfla ratsHeacBaro , loaaaa h8i 
^apflBoaa h bi BSB-bcTBofi jft'ramcB ero o6pHCOBaBa caHioiH 
qepflbDiH RpacBBMB; >'^ BftpoaiBO cjtAyfl loaflfly, h /I,jyronrB 
BucTaBJueTB Bopoieay bo ci xopomett cTopoBU. <'^ Bi ea 
ynpaaieHie Bucsasajiacb aeflaBHCTb bojihbobi wb BearpaM'B 
H Bi 1376 roAy 160 b31» rhii nonjaTBjmcb msHbR) aa A^p* 
3ocTb, cb BBKOH) OBB BUH coSb B'b RpaBOBJ^ DoTpaceHflaa o6 
D^BNi B'b cefii BepacBOJioseBieirb h bti oco6eBHOCTB bocjI^a* 
Hiorb co6uTi6M^ , EjiRcaaeTa ocxaBBJia Hojibmy a ytxaja bb 
BearpiH), r^'b a aoua ao caMofl ci^pia (1380). BjiaABCJiaB'b 
onojbCRitt CABB JIB Be 6oj[i&e emfi Ouji'b aeflpiaTea'b BOJiaBairb:; 
n]»iBaAJeasa Kb jumuL nacTOB'b CBJieacBBX^b > BOTOpue coaep- 
meaao oa^bMeqAiacb , t. e BOAUBBiHCb BjiaaiK) BapoAa, B'b 
KOTopoMy nojiBBB Be nflxajDi bb Majil^fimett cBHnaTia, ^^' 
oHb, noAo6fio JiOAOBBKy, oruqa^cfl BeflaBBCibM) b^ bub- 
xercTBy b OKadiiBaJii ocoSeafloe pacaojoseaie roponaflaifb, 
saBBnaBBiBMca ToproBjeio r apoMUCJiaMB, uto, bo ero HB'&Biio, 
5ujio rjiaBBUMi ocBoaaflieMb aapoAaaro Sjiarococxoaaia. Rpaft- 
Hflfl cByaocTb, aacTaajiaBmaa ero A^flcTBoaaTb cl BSjnmifleio 
CTporocTbH) npa c6op'6 BOABTett, BeapiaTBo Bopasaja BOJBROB'b 

npBBURBIBX'b Kb B^OAPOCTH CBOBXTi BOpOJeJt B, Bl BOBI^i KOfl- 

UOBb, npaaejia ero ki i^epRoaaoMy RpoRJiflTiio, KOTopoe BspeKi 
npoTHB'b aero /I^ofi'&cJiaB'b , eaucRon'b Bioivsiit 3a OTaron^eaie 
i^epROBBuxi. HMtaifi aenpaBUMB cfiopanni Hpa TaRHXi> Raqe* 
CTBax'b CBoero aoaaro rySepaaiopa ae mofjib ae BCBOMBBTb 
nojiHRH; MTO OBTi Be RMtoTb BpaBB BB yBpBBJieBie llojibmefl, 



— 70 ^ 

TBKh Ran AOroBopi KoniHi^Rifi upflMo ycTpaHflen orb Hero 
Bci^&i jiHi^ii RHflsecBaro npoHcxosAeHifl. BejHsonouHe Bucjajni 
nocoACTBo Bi> BeHrpiH) h TpeSoBaiH OTOSBanifl Bmslj^lcmbbh'^ 
JIiDAOBiorL, Bce eipe onacaBuiiftcii aa npasa cbohxti ffoqepett, 
Hameji HeSjiaropasyHHiiM'L npoTHBHTbca niTb sejianiio h onojb- 
ciitt RHflSB 6iijrL OTOSBBHi. Ero aaMtHHJDi HasBaHHiie xpiyM- 
BHpu, HO epa m houbh BunrpajiH otb axoft nepeiEtHu. 
TorqacL no hxi HasHaqeniH, ohh co bc'^x'b cTopoHi 6£uh 3a* 
BajoHU sajioSaMH mjiixTU Ha KopojeBCKHXi crapoorb; hoci'^a* 
m, no npHEaay sopojia, aojukhul 6um osaOoTHTbCH upHBeAemeMii 
bi» npeamee cociofluie rocyAapcTBCHHoft Ra3HU h en aoxoaobi h 
AJiH BToro fflimnu Oujh oToOpaib it KopoHHuui HMtoia, koto- 
pufl, CO CMepTH RasHMipa, hoa'b pasHUMH npexJioraHH, 6iub 3a- 
XBauenu iujmxtoh)^ npu coBepmeHin axofi o^epa^iH ho oSoniJiocb 

663% HaHeceHifl yii^epSa npaBy coSctbbhhocth , OTCiOAa unoro- 
^iHCjreHHUH &aj[o6b[. ^m padCHOTp^nifl hxi xpiynaHpu npcA 
npHHflJH o6'bt3A'b Bcbxi cnopHuxi seiiejib, Ha^'bHCb, mto mrh- 
miwh pa36HpaTejibCTBOHi> npeiendift na h^ctI^, ohh HaftAyi*'!' 
BOSMOsKHUM'b yAOBJieTBopHTb lujflXTy, HC Hapyuiafl HHTepeCOB'b 
EopoHU. Ho B'b TO BpeMfl, sas'b Jlfi6tojLBB% H .GeHA3HBolt ycepA- 
HO OTAajEHCb 3T0iiy ]^1^JLYJ MOJOAoft eHHcsoHb Sannma, no npH- 

Mtpy MHOrHX'b AyXOBHUXl CaHOBHHROB'b TOFO BpCMeHH, 6UJI1> 
HCKJfOqHTeJIbUO SaHflTb CBOHMH yAOBOJIbCTBiflMH H HHROrAH He 

Morb nocn'&Tb bo BpeMfl ei^ Ha3HaqaeH0My bi» H3b%cthomi 
MibCTt ci>^3Ay npaBHTGJieft h nuraxTu; sajioSu BucjymnBa- 
jHCb, B'b AOKasaxejibCTBa nxb 6bij[H npeACTaBJiflemj mhofo 
nmKEHue h pa3Hoo6pa3Hbie AORyMeHTU, uo uHRaBoro p'ftuie- 
Hifl He MOMO nocj^AOBaTb , noTOMy qTo ae 6biJio 3aBHmH, a 
6631 Hero TOBapHmn He mofjih HH^ero cAtJiaib, noxoiwy wo 
eiry ocoSeHHO AOBtpajii JioAOBHHb, RaRi mosho 3aRJiio- 
MaTb HSb npHCBOCHHaro OMy SBanifl Biii^e-RopoM. ^^^ BtAHan 
uijflXTa, He nojyqHBb yAOBJieiBopeHifl cbohxii npeTeH3itt; h3- 



— 71 — 

AepaBaBiQHCb na nyremecTBie 3a xpiyMBHpaMH h bi HasHaqae- 
Mue miH c6opHU6 nyiurru, oajio6j[6HHafl BOSBpaqajiacB A<>Mofl, 
fiOHevHO, He qyBCTByfl wb aoBOMy npaBHxejibCTBy 6djibniaro 
pacnojEoxeHiii , n^wh wb Avynii npeasHHirb. Cuepib 3aBHuiH, 
nocJii^AOBaBniafl (12 AHBapa 1382) ori naAeoiH bi oahomii 
H3i» HflorowcjieHHUxi» ero ji()6obhuxii noxosAeHift, nojosua 
ROHei^ii npaBjeniio TpiyiiBHpoBi. GaMaa AypHaa cjiaaa ocTajacb 

Bl nOTOMCTBfi BCftXl aTHX'B OpaBHTeJlbCTBaXli I <HHKTO U6 
MOn AO^HTbCa CnpaBeXIUBOCTH B1> to Bp6Mfl», rOBCfpHT'b loaHHli 

n3b %LpHKOBa, €KorAa Kopoieat EncaBei^ xoTtJiocb OTTflHyib 
pibmeHie saioro HH6yAb A^a> TorAa ona {oTcujaJia ero ua 
pascMOTirftHie CBoeMy cuny B'b Beerpiio, a toti> cnoBa nepe* 
ciuajTb ett. ToFAa, norepaBi* BciaiyiD naAesAy, caMH mTUfi 
npespaiqaiH a^» OTAasai ero Bi onesy h MNJiocepAie Bonie*. 
no3AHi&e, no Toft me ufmrn^^ no orcyTCTBiio Kopojia h hcao- 
CTpHOCTK ero AU ySorHxi h Si^AHUXb, cHeHaptqeHHBia G'bAi'i 
nan na i^tJiyio noamy, ne 6ujlo hr nopBARa^ hh cnpaBeAJiH- 
BocTH. BopoieaoKie CTapocTU h hxi 6yprpa«u noBBOMJH ceS-b 
efiAHpaTb JOOjifA 6'6ahuxi» h cjiaSuxi; Bejnntie MarHaiu, lo- 
Topmrb ycMtxajiacb cyAb6a , saKioiBi rjiasa h ymn h h6 se- 
lafl saMi^qaTb HecnpaBeAiBBoerett h oGha'b , HaHOCHMUx'L hhc- 
meMy uaccy, hm^jth i^tjibio toibso CBoe coScTBOHHoe h poA- 
Huxi cBOHXi Oiaro h OeacTUAHo ya^pEJiH Ropojifl, ^To Bb 
RoAuit Bce TBBse cnoiottno, lasi 6um npn Raaimip'b BejiH- 
KoiTb; HO He TBRb 611J10 Ha f/bJLt: He 6uj[o cnpaaeAJiHBOCTH) 
He 611J10 cnoKoficTBifl>. ^^' 

HeSAy BCtHH* WHOBHUMH JQII^aMH, BOTOpue OTJHqaJIHCb 

TaRHMH RaqecTBaMH, saM'bTH'&e Bcixi BUA^eTCfl /I^OMapaT'L, re- 
HepajbHuii CTapocTa aejiHRoft IIoAbnni ; ySoraa niJAXTa bp^hro- 
noACRas , MHoro Tepntomafl oib ero npHrbcHeHitt , t^mi 6o- 
tbe HenaBHA^a ero, mto ohi 6ujrb peBHOCTHUMi CTopoHHH- 
KORb popa, ycepAHo noMoraib eiiy bo Bctx'b ero HaqHHaHJQXii 



- 72 — 

H MBmjSJ npO^HHl Wb X'bJlt ROQIHIQEOirb , BOTOpoe OCTaBHJIO 

GTOib HenpiflTHoe Bne^aTJiiHie bi BejraBoft flojubint; KpoHt 
Toro owb OTJDraajCH npiiBfldaHHocTbio bi R'bMitairB, tofo ae 
Morjia nepeflecTB BejCHBonojiiiCBaB nuaxTa, BepiaH noero- 
flHflyio BoitBy ch EfbuejsjBoan opAefloiTB. /l|ajn>Hl^tarifl pacnopH- 
seaifl JiOAOBHsa OTflocHreARO ynpaBJieHia IIoAmeH), se toabo 
flc yjEy^nnm, ho jiflme yxyAHiHiH en nojioseHie; aHapxiH, 
Basajiocb, HBAOiro wh Heft BopopHJacb. OOpy^SBi cbod orap- 
myio ^o^b MapiD ci CHrH3MyflA0Mi^ , mapBrpa^^oirb SpaHAOH- 
6yprcBHMi> H npeAHasHaqHB'b eft BopoHy Iloibmii, Jhofpiatnrb 
pftmnjTb Tenepb nooJiaTb CHTHSHyHxa bx Ilaibniy, bbbi Syxy- 
qaro en Bopojifl h HacTOflo^aro ea npaBHiejifl. Bi BeHrepcKoirB 
Mi^cTeqs'b SaojieHlft co6paiHCb, no npHrjanieHiH) Ropojia, AyxoB- 
Hue H CB^TCRie MarHBTii, bo rjiaB'ft ROTopuxi Haxopjicfl apxi- 
enHCBoni> rH'baHeHCKitt BopaHxa; act ohh OeanpeBocioBHo 
npHcarHyjffl 1 4 Ji'bTHeMy CiiTHBMyHAy, nocjit qero offb ornpa- 
BHJCfl Bb nojibuiy c% i^tAK) saHflTB KopojieBCBie saMBH H ro- 
pop H CHHpHTb T'&X'L, KOTopue B3A7MajH 6u npoTHBHTbcii ero 
Ha&HaqeHiH). RpaROBflae npHHHjra ero c% paxocTBio^ RopoMBCiie 

CTapOCTU CO BCtl'B CTOpOHli ClOfflSECb E% HOliy CB 3HaUTeJb- 
HUHH OTpflXHMH, CB HMMH COeAHHHJ[OCb He MBIOO BOttCKO BeH- 

repcRoe; apxienHCRonii BoABaHta, GeHpHBoft hsi QlytHHa h 
j],OMapaTii, no ocoOeHHoft npocb6% Ropoia, Ha6jH)Aajni aa Has- 
AUMi maroM^ 6yAyn;aro ero aflifl h hoctohhho 6ujih totobu 
cjysHTb eMy coatTOirb. IIpR Taain^ o6cTOflT6J[bCTBax'b, ro- 
Topufl o6i^qajiH noiHult ycntxi GHrH3MyHxy, noiy^na 6um 
Bi^cTb CMepTH JliOAOBHRa; Ropojib CRoaqajicfl, noBTopaa se- 
jianie, mtoSu Mapia cb CnrHdMyHAOMii c^m hb TpoHik nojib- 
cROBTby a flpura (yh BnjibrejibMOM'b na BeHrepcRomi. HecoHHt- 
Baacb H He SednoRoacb o cbohxii npaaaxi, ornpaBEJica lenepb 
6paHAeH6yprGRift Maparpaoii . rbri saROHHUtt Hacji^pHRi ro- 
pomi nojibCRofl, bii BejiHRyio Ilojbmy, mo6u npHHarb npHCflry 



- 73 - 

Wb BipHOCTH OTh efl IMfllTU. BeJIHROnOlflHe rOTOBUI 6UJD! noA- 

^sBBThcn pacnopflseHiio Jfoxosna , m qeHy o6fl8iiBajn> hxi 
aauiDWHHUii ci> mswh AorrBopi, xoth Syxyiuift Ropojrb, nairb 
HtHeivb, H6 MorB B036ypTB ocoSeHHaro bi> hhxi pacnoione- 
iiifl. Fopoxa , Haceieflie xoTopux'B wh sHawiejibHott qacTH co- 
CTOfljo mwb HHOCTpaHHieBX, ci yAOBojnbCTBieirb npnHflJin Ch- 
riiaifyHAa h npHcaiHyjin eMy ; cb tom) se i^ftAio ci'bxajiacb 
mjflXTa Bi> IIoBHaHB. Ona coriamajiacb npHSHaTB GHrii3MyHAa, 
ecjH TOJBKo oHi fiyAeTi mwth B^ HoAnift, 0Kpy»HT^ ce6H 

nOIbCKHMH COBtTHnailH B CMtCTHTB H6HaBHCTHarO BCftMl CTB- 

pocry li^oMapaTa. OErawyHAi> He xoTtjrb BXOAHTb bi nepero* 
Bopu, He xoTtiii cMibcniTb jI,aHapaTa h, He o6pan][afl BBBManifl 
Ha nocTBHOBieHie mjuxTu npHcarHyTb TOJbKo TorAa, Kor^a 
Sy^erb CMtHeHi» cTapooia, Butaajni nfijAe Bi rntsHo HpH- 
HiiTufi cb BemaMwa'h TopsecTBOMi wh xaeeApajibHOMi co- 
6opt, Tjf!b 6uia OTCJiyseHa nanHXHAa no yMepmeirb JiDAOBHRt, 
oHb AOJiseHi 5£ui> cHOBa BucjiymaTb TpeOoaaHie npHOuBineft 
xenyTaiQH miflxeTCKoft 061 OTCiaBRi^ j^oHapaia h, oTEasaB'b 
onflTb^ notxajTb bi RyflBifo. Bi> Bpecrb RyHBCBOMi bi Tperifi 
paBi flBuacb A^nyiaivfl cb tod ae npocbfioft^ pasApaiseHHutt 
TaRnii» ynopcTBOMi Ciirii3HyHAi» He tojbso oTRasaji'b, ho no- 
rpo3ftii> HaEaBameiTb Ttiu>, BOTopue BoaSysAHioT'b niJiflXTy Kb 
HenoBHHOBeHiio saROHHofi BJiacTH. TaRoe noBeAome HcnopTHio 
Alio CsniBiiyHAa h Oujo npnuHHOH) HSMtHemH pacnopHsemit 
JIiOAOBHRa. BejiHRonojiHHe noisejiajiH A'^itcxBOBaTb p'buiHTejrbHO) 
HO, noHHHafl BHaqeHie Majott IIojibuiH h ho sejaa hath no 
padHUHii Cb HeK) AoporaM'b, ohh, co6paBniHCb bii lbu[ocj[aB&, 
Buciam noGOJibCTBO Bb uijfHXTfi RpaROBCRofi h npHrjamajH 
ee Ha oSn^iA citsA'b, VHinqitt 6uTb bi* PaAOMCRt 25 HOflSpa 
(1382), Tut cjii^Ayerb cepbesHo oScyAHXb HacTOflqee nojiose* 
Hie A^^Tb HaaonoMHe ne xot6jih hjih ne mofjih npi'bxaTb Bb 
I^aAOHCRii, TaR'b qTo ptmHrejibHuft uiarb wb Bonpocb o6b Ha- 



- 74 - 

citACTB^ noojA JioAOBHsa npmaAJesHrb BeuoionajuraaMi. Ha 
CBtsA^ paAOMCiOBTb, Bii caMOiTB fiaqajilft, SoJUinumcTBOirb ro- 
jrocofii ptmHJH, ^To CiirHaMyHAi> ne Mosen* 6uTb H36paHii 
BopojieiTB nojibcmrb. He oaho yse Hesejaaie cn^HiTb jI,oiia* 
paTa,^H3BtcTHaro noKpoBHxejui HiMi^OBi>, 6buo npsqiiHOK) aroro 
nocTBHOBJieeui , ho h to, ^to ohi> cairb 6ojrito cbjiohohi n 
HHocxpafli^aMii, oco6eHHo ^exaM^, nesejui bi> ^0AflBaM^. SaiiM-b 
ynpeaajH ero bi ropAociH h BucoKOMipiH, hhcrojiiiKO ne co- 
^pcTByfl TOMf npHABopHOMy aTHReiy, KOToputt oEpysaji'b Ch- 
rHSMyHAB, saBi h ApyrHxi* sanaAHHxi rocyxapeft, H6uJl^ p1^- 
marejiBHo HenoHflTeni nojumaii. IIpHRaaaHie, EOTopoe He pasi 
A^jiaJiocb Ha ocHOBaniH SToro axHReTa^ o^HCTHTb CTOJOByio sajy 
OTb coSpaBmeftcH wb Heft miflXTU, paacHaTpHBajiocb mkVb 
ocKopSjieme; roBopHJiH, mto niJUXTa Cujia HsromeMa hsi bom- 
HBTi Ropoifl) BOTopufi, KOHeqHo, MOFi xaise xopomo oOtABTb 
B^ efl npHcyTCTBiH. Cbmh MajionoJiHHe, ne CTOJibKO Bpasx^^Hiii^ 
HHoseHHOMy dJieMeHTy, 6ujni oqenb HOAOBOJibHu CHrH3HyHA0Mi>, 
Borxa OHi OTAajii SBanie npo6on\a dBtnmeitKaro RaaoMy to 
3ai&3aeMy qexy, bi npoTHBHOCTb xoAaTattcTBy naiOBi, BOTopue 
npocHJiH 3a nojiflBa. TaBBMi ofipasoirb bo Bcixi yrjiaxi HojibaiH 
SbiJTH jioAH, ROTopue Koco CMOTpl^H HB H36paHie CHmBMyHxa:; 
HO Boro se H36paTb na ero Mtcxo? Bojrbe apaxA^^HO wh aeMy 
OTHOCHBmiecfl xot'6jih coBctMi yHH^TosHTb AoroBopi> RomHipdit 
H ycTpaHHTb OTb npecTOja Ao^epefl JIiOAOBHsa, nepraeca hxi 
npaea na npnpoAHaro nojiHBa, poAOBHraro llflCTa, 3eH0BHTa 

HJIH, RaRb 06lIRH0BeHH0 OFO Ha3LIBaJD[, CeMRB, RHflSfl MasoBei^- 

Raro; ,^pyrie qjenii paAOMCRaro ci>t3Aa BHpaiRam HH'bHie, «ito 
0Hi>, seiiHBmHCb Ha oahoA Hdi AO^epeft JIioAOBHRa, He hcrjio- 
^HT'b TBEHMb ofipasoHi Hxi> H3i> HpaQB HacjcfeA^^TBa. Ho o6a 

BTH HH'I^HiH BCTpl^THIH MHOromCJeHHblfl BOdpafteHlfl, r.iaBHUMl 

0GH0BaHieMi> ROTopbixi 6hiM coo6paseHie, vto BtpHue ABopy 
MBJionojiflHe; rjiaBHue bhhobhhbh RooiHi^saro AoroBopa, HRRorAa 



- 75 — 

HecomcflTCfl HapyuiHTb npasa KopojieBBHi h lauiMi oSpadOHi 

Hsfipame CeMsa Moaeri paaxi^jHTB HapoA'b na pt Hacra h 

B036y;tHTb MCMAy hhmh Bpa»;5y, KOTopaa okohtotce ero rHOejbio- 

Hecorja€i»i» AByx% sthxi napTift o6iflCHHeTCfl o6padOBaRie 

TpeTbeti, npaBAa HmTOftnofl^ KOTopaa CToajia 3a CHriiSMyHAa. 

npoAOUEKreibHUfl npeaiH npnaejiH aaKOHei^'B Kb CA^fY^W^J 

nocrafiOBjeHiio, soropoe mosho pascMaTpiBaTb Rairb cpcAHifl xep- 

nwh, MesAY wyiiH npHfieAeHHbiMH MHtHiaiiH : pibnuijui wh tom- 

BOCTB co5jiiOAaTb npaBa AOMepefl Jioaobheb h npHcarHyrb Tott nwh 

mi-bj KOTopyio BbiOeperb Bopojeaa MaTb, KOHe^iHO, ci tkwb 

ycjoBieiTB, npHOaBueri paAOMCsifi AOEyHeHTii, nTo6bi HaOpaH- 

Haa KopojcBa sua nocToaaflo wb Ilojibinft. dra npiSaBsa co- 

CTaBjfleTi^ caiiae Baxnoe bi» npsroBop^ paAOMCsaro coSpaaifl 

H, ROHe^Ho, 6uisa CA^jiaHa no coodpaacHiH coObiTifi, npoHciueA- 

lOHiii B'b TO BpeHa wb BenrpiH Beerpu TaKse ae hcuojihhjih 

nocitAHefi bojui JliOAOBBKa h, ae sejiaa airbTb EopojieBofi ojihiu- 

KOMi MOJOAyio, TojbRO 12 jitTHioio &}SfimY j Ha Apyroft se 

ABHb no cHepTH Ropojia, npoBosrjiacHjH CTapiuyio ero pfinb 

Hapiio, oji^AOBaTejibHO rpeSoBaaie BOJiHKonojflH'b , wofiii fiyAy- 

qaa Ropojieaa amja nocToaHHO wb noaml^, ncRJiio^ajo yse 

Xapiio H CHTHdMyHAa VLWb npasa aa nojbCRitt iponi, noioHy 

^To naSpanie aearpoBi npHBaauBajio HX'b Ri^BeHrpia:; npepo- 

.laraTb xe, mto o6t Roponu coeAnnaTca na rojioBt Mapin, 

mjLo HeB03M0SH0, noTOMy ^JTo noAooHoe coeAUHeaie 6lijio npo- 

THB'b nejanifl RaRi> JioAOAHRa, tbri h nojiaaoBii. Coo6pa3HB^ 

Bce dTo, HAeuu paAOMcaaro coGpaaia roBopaiii AaJiie, mto Ha 

pia ae Moxerb oTB'byaTb Tpe6oBaHiio nocToaaaaro SHTOJbCTBa 

Bi» noiSbUJ^, HO ecjH BopOcieaa Naxb ycni^eTi ycTpaaHTb 3To 

apenarcTBie, nojasa fotobli, npHdHaaienii MapiH, HcnojimiTb 

o6a3aTejibCTBa , npHHaiua Ha ce6a EomH^R]IM'b AoroBopoMi. 

Taaoe nocTaHoBjeme corjiacHJio Bct HH'bHia, npHnnpHJio Bci^ 

napTiH^ OHO ycnoaoHJio MajionojiHHi roTOBHocTbio to^ho co- 



— 76 - 

6j[iocth ycjofiifl loiuiiipKaro AoroBopa h 6um npisTHO Bejnso- 
nojiflHaMi^ noTOJiy qio ycTpauuo HeeaBHCTHaro CHTHSMyHxa; 
TOJibRo 6oA3aHTa h /j^oMaparb HecoriacHJUcb c% hhitl, OTroaa- 
paaaflCb npHcuroio GiirHSMyHAy h sejiameMii ocTaibCfl eiiy 
BipauMH. JI^OMapaTi» npn aroirb npHSaBHJi'B, qTo b'b cuy diott 
npacflra owb nocniuiHi'L CAaxb eny GrapocTHHCKie saiUH. Ta- 
fioe conpoTHBJieHie cocTopoau jHi^'b, soxopue, no CBoeMy no- 
jroseniK), pacnopfisaiHCb dHa^HrejibHuiiH cpeACTBaMH, no6yAHJo 
miflXTy wb p^mnrejibHOiiy mary, HMenno wb oOpasoBaniiD boh- 
oeAepaipn. CspinjieHHoe Tainirb o6pa3oirb nocTanoBMnie pa- 
AOMCBaro cbtaxa oSbMBJiajio , ^to iniaxTa Oy^orb pasciiaTpH- 
BBTb, RBKb ofiqaro Bpara, Bcmaro, kto noMtoiaerb ocyqeer- 
Bjeniio ea npnroBopa h ecu TaBOBofi HafiAerca, to 6yAeTb 
A'IbftcTBOBaTb npoTHBik Hero coBOBynHuioi cHiaiai. ^^^ 

Pasbtsnaacb HSb PaAOHCsa, niMxia orapasHJia cocraB- 
jeHHuil en AOByMOHTb B'b Najyio Ilojibniy, oAo6pedia Koropatt 
OHa sejiajia, h bi BoHrpiio. Ropojieat HaxepH 6biJo oqenb npi- 

ETHO HSB'bCTie HOBOMb nOATBepaRAOHiH B^pHOCTH nOJIflROBl 

ea Ao^epairb, Hepacnojoseme se B'b CHrHBMyfiAy, oqeBHAHo, 
MBJio ee Tporajio, ecjm, ne roBopa hh cjobb o6'b yAajieHui ero 
orb nojibCRaro ipoHa, ona Bucjiajia nocjiOB'b ci OjaronapHocTbio 
nojHiaM'b sa coSjimAOHie npHcarH Ao^epanrb ea. IIocju aen- 
repcKie npi'bxajiH B'b Majiyio Hojibmy tofab, bofab bc% nanu 
co6paJHCb Ha citSA'b bi BHCMi^y (6 AeRaSpa 1382 roAa) h 
FA* HaxoAHJiHCb TaRxe AenyTara, npHBC^niie paAOMCRoe nocra- 
HOBjreHie. BncjumRoe cofipaaie 6ujio MHoro^HCieHHte paAOMCKaro, 
Ha HCMb HaxoAHJiHCb nocjoi Bctx-b o6jiacTeft RopojeBcraa, *^^^ 
lyi'b »e Suji-b H BoAsaHTB cb jI.omapaTOM'b h hoa^ hxi 
noRpoBHTejibCTBOMi H saBiHTOio npHSuji'b caMt MapRrpa<M» 
ftpaHAeH6yprcRift. He CT'fecHaacb ero npHcyTCTBieinb , nociH 
Biiipa3H.iH noJiflRaffl'b SjaFOAapnocTb HopoJieabi 3a B'bpHocTb, 
ORasaHHyio B'b PaAOMCR* Ao^epairb ea, 3a Ttiwb qpe3T» Tfex-b me 



- 77 - 

nocjioBii ExHcaBeia npocua coxpaHBTb 9Ty b^^phoctl ffl i4xl» 
Eoybj noKa OHa ne HasHa^HT'B OAHoit naii hkx'b ea ipoei hojib- 
cKii H HH ci BftMi xpyrHMi , X^ase cb CiirHSMyHAOirb , He 
Bxoj(HT& HH Kb KaBiH o6ii3aTejibCTBa. BuciymaB'B nocjiOBi, 
Bct ^jerai BHCJ[Hiptaro co6paHifl oTCTynHracb otl GHrnsiiyHAa 
H noATBepAHJH paAOMCKoe nocTBHOBieHie ; no Beany rocypp- 
cTBy 6ujui paaocjaHU npHBaau, ^toOu ropoj^a He BnycBajiH 
El ceS'b 5paHxefi6yprcKaro napBrpa^a; B^pHmm eMy, no npes* 
flexy, ocraBajDicb /][0MaparB h BoAsaffra, ho hoa'b BOHei^i h 
ofli yS'^AHUCb wb HeBonosHocTH BOBBeAOHifl ero Ha npeoxon 
H ptmuoieb npHMHpHTbCH cb mjiflXTOH); j^OHapaTi xase npe^- 
jiaraji rapaBAame bi bbboahmux'b Ha-Hero odBKH^HUfxi 
BO miflXTa, yBjeqeHHafl TopsecTBCNrb hoS^au , ne xot^m ero 
cjyioaTb Ao itxi nopi, hokb ohi He ciosHrb CTapocTHHCKaro 
ypsAa; /IjoMapaT'b ho corjiacHJicfi h OTBasucH na 6opb6y* 
HesAy i^Mi ocraBieHHiiit BctMH CHTHSHynAi, nocjA 6e3- 
ycntniHott nomiiRH npHBieu na cbod ciopony RpasOB'b, 
yBHAtJTb, wo exy HH^ero 6oj1^e He ocTaercfl, kbri y%xai% 
Wb QojibniH; nijuixTa, sejiaBniafl CBopftfimaro ero yAajieHifl, 
npHHHJia na cefia ero nyxeBUH HSAepsBH n TasHM'b ofipasoMi 
H36aBuacb orb OpaHAenOyprcHaro MapRrpaoa. 

BHCjraiydtt erb^^j^bj noBHAHKOMy, OBonqaTejbHo p^mnn 
Bonpocb HacJiiAOBaHiH, npxMHpHjrb Bcb napxiH h cBejn bc% 
MBl^HiH B'b eAHHorjiacHoe sejanie, coSjhoabh ciaxbH BomHiqEaro 
AoroBopa, ocTBTbOH B^pnuHH AO^epfliTb Jdaobhsh. Ho 9to 6ujio 
TOJbBo fiOBHAHMOHy; B'b cxpaH^ en^e MHoro 6uj[0 ropn^aro Ma- 
Tepiajia n cnosoicTBie Morjio HacxynHib ne panie, RaBi no 
coraeHiH aioro Maiepbajia. fieuBonojuHe, no6tAHBDiie HibHi^a 
CHTHdMyHAa^ B'b CHJiy CBOHX'b HapoAHuxi Ha^aiii, pyBOBOA- 
CTByacb Thmt se na^ajiaHH h neBucoHO wh naHflib JboAo- 
BHKa» nosBOJHJH paspocTHCb iKSAy C060H) HHqToaKHOMy ncjy 
CTopoHHHBOB'b CoHia MadOBei^Karo wb aoboaho SHamejbHyio 



- 78 - 

napriiD. dTa napm, pa3'B o6pa30BaBmHCb , xoJSHa OiiJia hjeii 
AMcTBOBaib HacTynaTeAHo, mm san^n^aTbCH oti paAOMCEHXi» 
ROH^eAepaTOBi , o6fl3aHHUx% BpasAefino CNOTptxb Ha BCflKaro 
HHoro BaHAHAaTa, Kpomi KopojieBeHi. Ci APyroft ciopoHu, roh- 
^eAepaTU hm'&jih eiqe cxapue cqexu cl /l^OMapaToirL h, EorAa 

OHl CHOBa OTKaSaJCfl OCTaBHTb CBOH) AOJUKHOCTB , OHH IipHTJia- 

CHJiH BCH) nurnxTy He npHdHaaaTb ero reHepajobHUH'B cTapo- 
CTOH), HenjiaTUTb eiiy noAaieft h cYiffi6wLVb irbHeit h He npn- 
HHMaib ero cyAefinux'b noauBOBi ; aTO npHriaoieHie 61110 
CA'&JiaHO noA'B yrpoBoft jnnueHifl maHH h qeciH. j^oMaparB, 
pasApaaeHHiift jsfl nesb^n TaRHirB ynopHUMi npecjAAOBanieMi, 

oSlfiBHJTB BOftHy BCOfi BeJIHROtt [lOJbm'b H rpOSHJTB GX nOMOO^biD 
CHTUSMyHAa H Cb HaeMHUHl HftMeipUIirB BOftCROMl>, HBHeCTH 

CTOJiBRO BpeAa h 6tj^arBi& niJUxeTCTBy, ^to oho h bi ABa 
B%Ra ero He saSyAerB. TaRi oSpaaoBaincb b'b BejntRoft Hoxbuii 
Tpn napxiH : /I^oMaparb, CTOHBuiift aa CHrnaMynAa , Maaypu aa 
CemRa h ROH^OAepaTU , B'bpraie lott hsi Ao^epefi JliOAOBHKa, 
ROTopyio HasHawTb RopojeBa mbtb h ROTopaa nocejiHicfl hh 
nocTOflHHoe SHxejibCTBO Bi Hojibmt. Jifit nocji^ABut) ROToptia, 
B'b OTjuqie OTb qyseaeMHaro nanpaBjeHia JI,OMapaTa, Moryrb 
6biTb HaaaaHU napoAHUMH^ CRopo cjnuiHCb, ^Tofii aau^m^aTb 
oieqecTBo on afiMei^oft naeHHOft chjdi, ROTopyio aejii hh 
Hero renepajibHKtt cxapocia. CnibHo nocTpaAaii Rpaft orb na- 
qaanieilcfl osecToqeHHofi 6opb6b[^ /IjoMaparb paaaopajTb ceia h 
BJiaA^Hifl BparoBi , aparn njfaxHjH eiy tbwb ae , h toto h 
Apyrie BHtcxt paaaopajiH ceia h a^P^bhh AyxoBeHcraa. BpoM'b 
RHXi, RBR'b BcerAa 6uBaeTi B'b cMyrnoe apeMa, noHBHjmcb 
MHoro^HCjeHHiiiH maftsH paaSofiHHROBi , ROTopbie nanaAajiH ci 
nlbjoM rpaSena, laai ^xo RpecxbflHHHi nepecxajrb aaHHMaxbca 
aeHJiOAi^jiieirb) Rynei^i 6oajicfl nycxHXbca B'b Aopory cb cbohmh 
ToaapaMH n paaaopeHHuA, na nojoBHay coauseHbiit RpaB xqexHO 
SAan H36aBHxeja^ HecMoxpa, oAHaRos'b, na aepxii, Roxopuit, 



- 79 - 

Gi noMos^bfo HaeMHaro Boficsa, oj^epsajii /^OMapaTi, hhrto hc 
fjMWh npHsuaBiH CHrnaiiyHAa, pojb ero bi nojBinfi 6uja 
OKOH^aTeibHO ciHrpaHa. 

Mes;(y TtiTB KopoieBB EjiHcaBeTa, EOTopofi 6eljlo coo6- 
iBfiEO nocTanoBJieHie BHCJiHipEaro cbtsAa, xota h HeSjaronpiarHoe, 
no o6cTOflTeju>cTBairb , Mapie , no T^wh He MeHte acho cbh- 
XtTeACTByioiitee o BfipaocTn nojiflHOB'L BopojieBHaMi, npHHaai 
(jarocBJioHHo 9to cooOn^eHie, Buciajia noBoe nocojBCTBO. IIocjiu 
sacTBJiM Tpeiitt CL^bsA'B Bi BejHBonojibcsoM'b ropoA^ CepaASi, 
lOTfl He OTJinqaBoriiicfl MHoroqHCjeHHOCTBH) ^uienoBi, no aa to 
cocraBJieHHuil BS'b Hattfiojrbe MoryqecTBeHHUi'L hojibgrhxi mb- 
rnaTOB'B (RoneAi MBpajui 1383 r.). Ohh oSiabbjih co6paB- 
mHMCfi HBHaMiiy qTo KopojieBa EjHcaBera ocBoSosAaeTi hxi 

on npHCfiPH H BCHKHXl 06 83816 JbCTBl OTHOCHTeJIbHO BOpOJieBHU 

lapiH H^ no npHCBoeHHOMy ett Romm^KHM'B AoroBopoirL npasy, 
HasHa^aerb nacjiipBi^ett CBoero Mysa bi JloAhmt MMumjm 
xo^b CBOio AABHry . Bopoieaa oOibqajiacb CKopo npncjiaTb ee 
B% nojbmy HM KopoHOBanifl , ho opoCHJia , qTo6u oaHU , nai 
yBaseHifl be ea hojioaocth, oOaaajiHCb oTOOJiaTB ee nocjii^ so- 
poeaipH emfi Ha TpH ro^a • bi Benrpiio. IlaHU corjacHJiHCL, pa- 
c^HTUBaa Ha corjiacie acett IIojibiiiH^ noTOMy qio oahhi tojibko 
/l^oMaparb npoAOJsajn> ctohtb 3a GHrH3»yHAa h ne impHJicfl 
(Tb cbohmh BparaMH. Teqenie a^jtl n oGcToaTejibCTBa h^mm 
ero, OAHaBOffi'B , 6e3CHj[BHUM'L , HecMOTpa na ero HaeMHoe Boit- 
cso; BCff noAiua epaoAyniHO npH3Hajia flpHry, ho Bonpoci 
ToiTB, KTO 5yAerB ea myseMi h, cji^AOBaTejibHO , sopojieMi 
noibCKHN'B, Bonpoci, oqeBHAHO, o^oHb BaiRHbEK pa Bcfixi no- 
MROB'b, He Sujib emfi saTpoHyv'b h, no aceft Bi^poaTHocTH, 
AOJseHii 6biJ['b nocjiysHTb Hoauirb aSjOKOirb pas^opa. Pacno- 
pflAeflie JlfOAOBHKa OTHOCHrejibHO ero ^o^epeft, CTOJbso pasi 
yase HapymenHoe, aone^Ho, ne Horjo aacTaBHTb nojiaROB'b 6e3- 
npeKOCJOBHo corjacHTbca aa Gpaai ea cb HsGpaHHUH'b eft ai 



- 80 - 

Btyxbfl BnureAxoiTb, repi^oroMi aBCTpiftcEHMi; ^^® a^ bcih- 
fionojHH'b Bi 0C066HHOCTH He cHMnaiiraeH'B Sujii btoti 001031 
ci qjieHOM'L Hl^Hei^Karo aomb, noTony yae HenaBHCTHaro , vro 
OH'B 6}uiy nlMejjfiSLWh'^ Kp^nEO npHBflsauHue r^ csoett cia- 
pHHi, npepoqaiaionpe Bce HapoxRoe, ohh, ycntBi» ycTpaHnrii 
MapiH) cb 6fl H^MOipuiMii MyseifB, ho lorkJuiL xenepb npHiu- 
MBTb flABHry CL MyjKBM'B xajEse H1^l[e^Ra^o npoHCXOXAeHifl. 
11111 KasajEocb, ^TO bc% BaxpyAHeHii SyAyx'B oxih^bo yjaseHu, 
eciu flpera bua^xi sa CeMRa h xaKHMi oSpasoirb cobahehxi 
jsfit AHBBcxin, cxapyio nojibCKyio h HOByio HHOdeMHyio> a 
Ilojibma He noABeprHexca HHOsenHOMy, HHeHHo H^bMeivtOMy bjq- 

fifliK). Ho XBBTb RBBBJEOCb BejIBKOnOJUfflaiTB , HySHO ou^e 6bU0 

ysHaxb MHl^Hie Majonojuie'b. 

SanyxaHHUfl oxaomeHifl IIojibniH HaqHHaHKTb paB'bHCHaxbca 
Ha HOBOirb ci^BA^, Ha3Ha<ieHH0M'b hb 28 napxa hm xoro, 
qxo6u nocjEM Morjin Bueiaaaxb HBB'bcxHoe yse bbmi sejiaHie 
KopojieBU npeACXBBHxejiHM'b Bcefi nuiflxxbi, Roxopue oahh xojekro 
HoriH A&Tb o^raipaibHbift oxb^xii, a He HeGoibinoe qgcio mb- 
rnaxoB'b, 3ac%A^niHX'b B'b GepaABl^, bii rohi^I^ ^espajifl. Fch- 
jiflMH MBionojibCRHX'b HBHOBi 611U0 AOCXHrHyxo BpeMeHHoe npe- 
RpaipeHie 6opb6u napxifi, xBR'b qxo bi GepaAB^, A^itcxBHxejibHo 
co6paj[HCb A^nyxaxu co bc^xi rohh^obi noibine. C'b nepBaro 
flse fflEj no oxRpuxiH Bac^AAHift) BceoOqee coqyBCXBie Bupaan- 
jiocb B'b nou3y SeMOBHxa h, RBR'b qacxo dusaexi npH ptme- 
hIr RBRoro HR6yAb Bonpoca MHorovHCJieHHMM'b coGpanieM'b, Bct 
npesHifl nocxBROBJieHifl 6ujdi bbSuxm ^ cxaw AyMaxb o Ceust 
He RBR'b aeHHxb flpHra, ho rbrii o GyAyqeM'b Ropoift. Chm- 
naxifl BejfflRonoAbCRoft MejRol nuuixxbi R^b MaaoBeipsoiry rhrbk) 

BBMli yse HBB'&CXHa^ OHB HBA^bflJiaCb HBfiXH B'b HCM'b XO^ OX- 

cyxcxBie uero XBR'b 6oj['&3HeHHO nopaasajio ee B'b Ra3Riiip'& bbjoi- 
ROJfb, JliOAOBHR^ H oro npBBHxejiHX'b; OHB 6Lua yB^pena, qxo 
3eM0BBxx He 3acjiysHxi^ uaaBBHifl Ropoia RpecxbBH'b, hoaoSho 



- 81 - 

Kasodpy, ne fiyxerb wh laRott CTeneiH noKpoBHTeibCTBOBatb 

irbfliaBCTBy h ne SyxerL BuftHpaib ce6i jooSHHi^eB'B »% hhc- 

maro oocjobui, bbki Ji^xoBHirb hjh RpaiKOBpeiieHHutt Haiitci- 

fflorB ero vh IIoibDi'b BjiaAicjaBi onoucKifl, rpem$ HeaaBH- 

Xteinitt nuaxeiCTBO ; ae Morb A^ficTBaBaib Taifmi oOpaaoMii 

mwsb MasoBiH , en Jimib aaeeieaaoft Mouott in uxtod, Koropaa 

ciftACTBeHBO^ cociaBJaia ero naaayid cuy. SaROHOAaTeuoTBO 

H830Bei^ioe BcerAB aifftjo MaBBum o6pa3oiii b'b BHAy hhto- 

pecu uiaxTU, a b6 iiibipaBi> hjui aym^OBi^ BjaxaoiaB'L onojb- 

ciii vb DABOMi E» MBAaaHuxii HMi opHBueeab oocrajiOBJifleTi, 

^To, Bik cjyqat eciH nuaxinqi va aaiuaTHib judEBn^ saHflTux'B 

wb y Mtqaraaa , to noAJesHTB cyAy Hl^maai, a Be loro 

jb6o xpyraro, t. e. ae uuiflXTU. Ecjm se nijaxTH^'b aaxoverb 

noceiiiTbca vb ropoA^, to ae 6yAerb paacMaTpHaaTbCg) am 

6ojte CBo6oAHiiit, vAirb upo^e ero corpaj^AflHe. h SyAOTii aeerH 

paaaua Ch ami dobbbbootb. B'b npoTHBHOCTb Taxoro poAa 

nocraioBjeBiflirb, naaOsaiiBoe saiOBOAaTejbOTBO bcbo roBoparb, 

qxo eciu nuaxTflVb coaepniBrb npeorynjeaie Bb ropoA^ bjih 

ero dfipecTBOorax'b , to irtniaBe bo RiitioTb bb MajMaiaro 

npaaa cyAvrb ero; cyABTb ero saa^b bib TpaSyBaji^, cooraa- 

leBBiiM warb nuaxTU. EcTecTBeBBUMi mcAfjNBiewb mm 

OTOib pasjiuiix'b BsriBAOBii 6iUB j»6oBb ropoAOB'b b fleaa- 

BBGTb nuaxTU Kb BiBABOjaay b, bb oSoporb, npeABBBocTb 

nuaxTU SeMOBHTy b cTpax'b vb aeiy eo cropoBU Mftqaai, 

xoTopue Sofuwsb ero, bbbi momm. J!i^ BOMy se CBJioaajiocb 

H co^yacTBie AyiOBeacraa, rjEaaa KOToparo apxieoflCBoni ral^a- 

fleacBii, BoABBHTa, no Maorairb npnaBBMi, roroBi 6burb npa- 

HflTb ero cTopoBy; ao 1) oai BTaMi cnaeaj'b ori paaopeBia 

apaaaAJeaaBBiie eny ropoAa, AopeBfla a cejia, aoTopux'b Sum 

BBoro Bi. HaaoBiB h eqe 6oji6e Saasi ea rpaHfl^l» h ao 2) 
apiaBaaieirb aapoAHaro aaaaa cnpaaoAJiUBO pac^HiUBajii ynpo- 

WTb SyAyn^ee aoryiuecTBO m cajiy Ay^OBeBciBa, RoiopuMii 

8 



- 82 -^ 

yxe 6ujrL RaHeceHi HtKoropuft yqepSi Hl^MeipEHH'B hmni^wh. 
dTOBJDflnie, oco6eHHo ycMJuiBiueecflCBKOHi^a XIII BtBa, nprnecjio 
B'b flojiboiy oSu^aft yn4a«iHBaTi> A^cffniHy /lOHbraiiH, a He aep- 
HON'b; npn BecbMa HHdKofi oi^HKt xjitSa noxo5iaiit cnoeo6i 
ynjiaru pascMaTpHBajifefl AyxoBHUVH, KaRi paaopenie. Ror^a 
HtHOURitt opAeHi saxBaiHj'b DoMopbe h, cji^Ayn HiMeusoiiy 
npaBHiy, sartRHJiii A^cffrtiHy bi Haiypfe A^aeaKOio^ apxie- 
nncEoiTL raftSHeHCKiit , enflcsomi nodHancRiM h lyflBCRift, co- 
SnpaBiDie lani A^cflTitHy, nonecjiH orpoMHua noTepe HCTajm 
nojiyMaTb bi 20 paai neHte Aoxoxa^ ^1^M'b npesAe. Becbwa 
ecrecTBeHHO 6ujio omajffiTb^ «ito, ci HsSpaHieM'b RopoM-ntHita, 
noAoSnufi ofiu^att VBejifim^ SyAeTi noBceMl^cTRo bi> Ilojibiuy n 
AyxoaeHCTBo o6HHqaerb^ cjiiAOBarejEHO eMy Hysao 6buo ^ep- 
saTbCfl RHflSR, npHHapesaBmaro ri APCBaeil, ucro HapoAHoil 
AHRacTifl, ROTopafl^ m» Teqeme AOJiroBpeMeHiiaro ynpaBJieuifl, ae 
nepecTaaajia oounaTb xy^oBeHCTBo Bcftim bobmoshumn iiosa- 
jOBaniflMH. BoAsaflTa, o6fl8aHBittt cBaHirib nsOpaHieifi bi apxi- 
enHCR(Mia JIioAOBHRy, hb'b ^yacTaa SiaroppaocTH h en^e 6ojrbe 
R8i^ onaceaifl aparoBi^, orii ROTopuxi mof'l saiEiHTHTb ero ro- 
pojib, SujTL GHa^ajia cropoHHiiRoirB GHrnBiiyHAa, no yrBep^iiB- 
iDHCb Ha apxieiiHCRoncROM'b npecTOJii h saiiftTBB'b npHcrpacrie 

CHTHdNyHXa Kb HHOCTpaHHbOrb* JHOXHIfb H 06lHaflirb, OHl Ra- 

Tnejn y^oSHUirb h BuroXHbm nepeitTH Ha CTopoHy iiaaoBea- 
Raro RHRSfl; yBHAHiTb, BUfo^ewby nro EoAianTa He Sun hbi 
Tbxi jiK>A^ft, ROTopue yiAB>rb nanpaBJATb coOutir r pyno- 

BOXHTb TOJnOfO. 

GoSpanie OTRpiuocb h, npes/ie Bcero^ Suih BUcjiymaRU 
nociu, oSiRBRBRiie RBBl^cTHoe sejame RopojeBU Bn^tTb aa 
npecTOjt nojbCROHi uapiyio Ao^b flpRry ; no yxajieiOH no- 
cjOBi, Ror^a Hawjocb coBtqanie, npeacxe Bcero noeraBjeHi 
6un Bonpoci ne o Cy^yn^eft RopojieBt, a o 6yAy^^eM^ ea cy- 
npyrt^ oojbmiiHCTBo npHcyTCTByiou^HX'b BbiCRasbiBajio MHi^Hie. 



^ ^3 -- 

tiTo ijnme Bcero BiMaiB KopojeBoy sa MaaoBeuKaro BHflsa. Boa- 
paaenie, cxtJiaHHoe npoTHBi 9Toro untma BiaxRCjaBoirb onoiB- 
cmwbj epa He ctohjio eiy xebbh, mnxTa yse 6pocHjiacb 
Ha Hero h touko MarnaTU, nenpiflBHeHiuie SeMOBHiy, ycnftjoi 
ycnoiOHTb ee h ocraHOBHTb HacHjiie. Torxa, pacqnruBafl ea 06- 
qee corjiacie h He ynoMHHaa BOBce flparb ^ rpoMKHHi ro- 
jocon cnpocHji BoxsaHTa, seiaicrrb jh HHl^Tb Ropojeirb Hon 
cKHVb SeMOBHTa, KBflSfl MasoBeiqiaro? tXejiaeMi, seiaein*, 
pasxajiocb eo bc^xi CTopoHi i lyrb se Sujio BupaaeHo ipe- 
6oBaHie, ^toSh apxienHCKom HeHeAJreHHo npHCTynHn wb ro- 
poHOBamio HsOpaHHaro. TopseoxBO SeMOBHia Rasaiocb HecoM- 
HtHHUHi, Bi» ero BOJbdy GOCTOfljcocb pfiiueHie h oROHqaaie a^^ 
oepexano 6ujio wb pyRH BoAaaHTU, ho Tyrb to h BupasHJiacb 
cjaSocTb apiienHCRona h ero HeyirtHBe aecTH KhM. Oahhi 
Maraarb, flccRO uwh TeB^HHa, cuhb npesHfiro booboam apa- 
lOBCRaro AHApei, RaniTejflHi BottHHipdit, ycnftjii ooraHOBHTb 
Bce ooSpaHie h noAAepsaTB npasa Aabhtd. Bi apaTRoft , ho 
dHepraqecRoii pi^H npeACTaBHiii owh eo6paBniettcfl injuixTb 
BCH) nocntniHOCTB h HeocHOBaTeju>HOCTb CA^JiaHHaro em uiara, 
f saaaji he npHCflry^ oOaauBaBmyio hojihrobii npasHaTb flpa- 
ry, ecu tojbro ohb oorjiacHToa saxb bi Dottrnft h TpeSo- 
Ban, qTo6u npaaa ea HeHapyamio coftjnoAaMCb, no Rpattaett 
Mtpik Ao npeACTOHHtaro npasARHia cb. TpoHipj, RorAa, eciH 
flff ara He npi^A^Tb , ho»ho SyAexii npncTynHTb wb HOBomy 
H36paHiio. PihmHTejbHoe cjknbo RauixeiHHa npondBeJio CHJibHoe 
Bneqau^me, cnepaa MajonojibCRie MarHaTU, a aa hhmh h ace 
eoSpasie corjaoRiHCb B'b ofiaaaTeAHOCTH hm Bcbxi npncarH, 
xaHHoii JboAOBRiy OTHoeHTejbHO ero Ao^epetl, BoAaaaTa ue hb- 
loejca, qftirb 6u yHH^TOiRHTb npoHaaeAeiiHoe aneqaiJitHie h 
laRRVb o6paaoN'b, HsSpaHie SeNoanra^ t9R1> Sucipo coBepniHB- 
lueeca^ tbri se Oucipo ^ujio oicpoqeao h iiocTaajieHo wh aa- 
BacHMocTb oT'b Toro , iipi'bAOX'b hjh HtTh, AABHra bi> Haaua- 



~ 84 - 

«eHHtift ei cpos'b. Ci ne^amo h nitBon Ha cia6ocTB min 
TU y^xajiH HBi GepaASa Schobhti n BoxsaiTa; He moMst 
noA^HBHTbCfl o6nfeiiy pl^meBiHi^ ohh hckhih cpexcTBi tpan- 
BHTb TopsecTBo CBoeny f(biy h HHKouei^i ocTaawMJiacab Ha 
HacHJQH, OHH pftmHttcii saxBaVRTii flxBiry Ha xoporft n 
^aKOBj H HacHAHo coqetaTb ee 6paioii'L ffk SeMOBHTovb, 
Hociik qero noiHBH , HOHeqno ^ ffojmu 6yxyi% npnaHaTK cro 
CBOHHi BopoJietfi. BHtCTb ci BpaROBCKim HanaMH, ROTopue 
TOjnaHH toaiH aa B&rpibqy flABHra^ oTopaBUCH h apxieiu- 
cHomb ffh HHorowcjeHHOiD, BoopyseHHoiD gbbtM, cpeffH hoto- 
poit CRp£iBajcfl SeHOBvn. Om HOX^ixaiR n Bpasoay, vejas 
CHa^ajia saxBaTHTb crom^y rocyxapcTBa, flo Bopraa ero 6ujh 
sanepTU h He pacBpUBaJHCik , HecMoipa Ha act spocBGu. Pe- 
nyTBipfl SeMOBHxa, KOToparo xl^qaHe Ooajmcb, laBi hojihIh, 
noceujia bi^ Hnxi pftlnHMaCTb na Bce, ^raSHi toibbo homI^- 
uiaTB ocyn^ecrBJieHiH) ero niaHOB^. H^ury^eHHUe vh ropoAi», 
HaaoBeipdfi RHflSb h apxienHteKom, octaaoBHiHCb na npenvbcTbi, 
HO ft orryxa aojshu 6tiju y%xatb, Ho^oMy ^to KbH^aEie na- 
CTott^HBo Tpe6oBaj[H HX!b y;KaieHiH h rposHJiH, b% ciyuft ynop- 
cTBa, HanaAeflieirb. HysHO 6£Uo yc^ynHTb ii casopo noeii&AO- 
Baio niepeABHlKeHie saroBOpH^HOBi vh moA Bop^iVB , r^t 
OHH pi^nlHJDKib omjifiXh rtpW^Hfl, a^wn, fiffURra ke iipitxaja; 
HpH6u:ftiiiij» bMcto aett a^Krepcittie noejoi ti^iama ceOpaB- 
lORHCfl Ha rpaandift sanairb) no feop'oxeBd fb AO^epbD ffiaao 
yse Buitxajia Wb Aopdry, jificfmA futm Konmicb) ho qto 
xa^bHMmia nytb h6 GeaonaeeH'b) ho upHtKrt B6oeHHHro pas- 
jiHTifl BOAi»» Ecjii nojuoQi HenpeKiftHHo toro ttOJaiDTib, lopoiesa 
Aase ci onacHoccbX) shsrh Gyx^n npoAOJinTb nyi^emecrne, 

HO (fh CBOett CTOpOHU npOCHTl^ eClB tOfbRO BOBMMRRO, XRTb 

efl AO^epH HOByiD OTOpovy, a nanoB'b ni^Hriiamae!rb %mm ne- 
oGkoahmuxii neperoBopOBik wb Bouihi^u. Hejibsa 6iijro ne aa- 
ifbTHTb, 4T0 Ropojieaa ynorpeOiaeTi^ Bcft ycHJiiH He ycRopHTb, 



- fts ~ 

a BoieAinb n|Mi6uTi6 flpmi bi IIoAmj. DoxodHoe noBeseme 
m nepBiii tojeko Barux^ naercE cTpaHum: vh BiBHrpiH 
oqeHb xopoiio siaji, bi laion SeanoioilcTBft naxoAHTCH 
naAim, Ban oiAiia naprifl SeMOBira h xyMajiH^ nro He 6e- 
3onacBo 6jffiTh oniycnTB Tyna flxBiry, Koropott toako vro 
ncnojommch 12 jtri: pasi oniyGTiiBi ee, Heo6xoxmo 6y- 
XffTh o6paTHTb noraoe BHHMaHie Ha noibciifl xtia^ xepnarb 
B% roTQBHocn BHaqireibHiifl chui, tooSu cnipflTb napriiD, 
BpasA^Hyio hojoaoM xopojeBft. a memjsj rtwh mosho 6um 
osHxaTK nenpiflTHOCTett h darpyAHemi co cropoHU aBcrpittcsaro 
xom, ci npHHpeiTb Koroparo Siua oftpy^ena ApHra, h koto- 
pare, xarb bhxho Siijio, nojifln HHiorxa ho npHSHanfiu cbo< 
RiTb Kopojieirb. nojioseflie Sujio otohb tpypoe^ Ropojieaa, He 
3Hafl Ha qro pibuiHTbCfl, raHyjia BpeMfl; nanu, ROTopuxi ohb 
npHTJiamaja Kb ce6t bi Konmipi, o^eHB xopomo noHHNajn 
efl HaMftpeHifl^ uo Tbvb ue Hente npHHflJi ea n[MirjiameHie. 
Ohh nocTyouH Taxii, bo nepBHxi noroMy, ^to nwh 6iuh 
oMii^imi Soraiue noAapn; a bo Biopux'B noTOMy, ^to, py- 

KOBOffHGli Vh CBOHXli A^fiCTBiflXli HO Sojbmetl laCIH JIBqUIMH 

Mfnam, OBH He xorijoi tbhi ciopo BunyoiHTii m% cbohxi 
pysi KOpoHHue Aoxoffu , ROTopue, bo Bpeu 6e8RpojieBbif , hb- 
xoxHJHOL vb Hxi nojHoirii paQHopjDReHiH. 0% APyrott cropoHU 
mn 6ujio nsBitoTHO naiiibpeHie SeMOBHTa; h xan, caniMi 
^vyqnniMi bo BC%Th oTHomeHUixii epeACXBoirb 6ujio coMacHTbca 
Ha sejiame Ropojesu h nnTh HOByn orcpovy flxnr^- IlooTa- 

HOBEJU, HTO OHB A<>^BHa n^HtxaTb Bl HOflGpt) HB DpaSAHHRl 

gb. MapTBHa; ne orpauHUBaacb btov ycTynROX), nanu, xora 
He nrtJiH HpaBB Hapymaib npesjie aaRmveHHue AoroBoput 
BOflijni, opaROBTb; Bi OjiHSdilHiee onpexftnHie HftRoropuxii 
noApodHOcreS OTHOGHreAbHO HacJitxcTBa Ropouu nojibCRolt. fies'b 

BI^XOMB H BOJH niJBXTU) OHH OOrjnCHIHCb, 9T0 nOJIbCRafl RO- 

poHB , wh ojy^aft CMepTH flpiirH , nepelxevb wh HapiH , cy- 



-^ 86 - 

npyi'b CHrM3HyHAa. bi cjiyvRi^ se CMepra Mapu, Boposa Bei 
repcsaa coeAHHMToa cb nojUiCffoia h ocTaaeTCfl HepaaxtJBHoiD 

» 

AO T'bx'b nop'b^ noBa y n^apcTByioiueii qeiu He Syxen noTOM 
CTBa, MesAy BoropuMi mosho Syxerb noAtJurrb o6a rocyAap- 
CTBa. TaBHifB o^paaoMi orcpo^aa npiftsAa flABHra wb Ilojbiuy 
H fi03M0SH0CTb coeAHHeHifl BenrpiH h IIojbniH wh oaho rocy- 
cyAapCTBO 6um moaom'b neperoBopoB'b Bopojesu ci HaHaan 
Bi Koiflfluax'b; ne B&k ohh (mm OAHHaBOSo bhhobhu bi Ha- 
pyuieHiH npe»Ae 3aBJ[K>4eHHK[9['L AoroBopoB^b, HtBOTopue) npH 
BceMi cBoeMii BopucTOJiioSiH , HaxoAHJoi, qTO noGTynauTb ae 
aaBOHHo, HO SoJbuiHHCTBO coriacHJiocb H pl^nieHie ero 6ujo 
npHHHTO BctMM. HsM'bHHBniie HapoAHOHy jf/kJiy nanu 6vlm ao 
cTottHo HaKaaaHu: no cioBaMi coBpeMeHHaro Ji'bTonHCivi , aai 
ABJiH BecbMa HeSouuiie h ne i^I^hhuo noAapBH, aa to o6ftqaii 
o«ieHb MHoro, ^^' a lUJifliTa, MesAy xiirb. norepajia canoe >io 
poroe AJia hoh npaao pacnopflsaTbCfl BopoHOK), Boropaa nepe 
xoAHJia lenepb Bb co6cTBeHHOCTb AO^epeit JioAOBiBa h hii 
noTOMCTBa. fiujio, BnpoqeM'b, eqe oaho ycJioaie, Boropoe npeA* 
CTaBMJo ycTynBy co CTopouu Bopoieau: ohh noaBouja, 
^Tofibi H96paflie Mysa ea AO^epa 611J10 CA^jaHO ci ooBftra 
cocjoBifi rocyAapcTBa, ^^^ ho h 9Ty ycTynay bumofjh naau 
TOAbBo A-'ia Toro, qTo6u HSBJieub hbi Hea bo3Hosho Soibiuis 
BuroAU JH4U0 AJU ce6fl, TaB'b bbbi MHorie rocyAapH coraa 
CHJiHcb ou H^eApo BoanarpaAHTb virb aa pyny flABHra a ei 
opHAaHoe— Hoibcayio BopoHy. 

MesAy tbwb SoHOBHTb, yaHaai^, mto npHSuTie flpari 
OTcpoMCHO eqe aa nojiroAa, oSMaayTuA B'b cbohxi HaAesxaxi 
H noTOMy A0*uejn>afl paaApaseHHufi , ptiuHJca , ne AOSHxaacb 
ea^ OBJiaA^Tb nojrbCBHMi TpoaoM'b. Ohi qyacTBoaaJi ocoOea 
HyK) HeaaBHCTb B'b MajionoAbCBHH'b MaruaTaMi, Boropue, aan 
OHb CBopo yauajii^ 6ujih BHHOBHHKaMM HOBaro BouiHUBaro ffi- 
ro^opa. no|iBbifi HocTpaAUJib Ba»H%ttmifl h3i> Hnxb^ CnuTCu 



— 87 -.- 

nsi STeabuiTUHa BoeBo^a KpaROBCHill; ero nacji'^ACTBeHHutt ro 
po4^ lia2 Gujfb o6paii^eHi bi pasBajinHiii. CoBepmHB^ s^totk 
no4B<in», 3eiiOBiiT'i> npjiBJi6rf> na cbok) cTopony iiuaxTy ^mm 
jeHqHURott H 6poeH.iCH na KyflBiio; 22 mbm 1383 rop ohi 
aaxBaTHJb BpecTL, 3a Ti^Mi KpyniBHi^y, nvyrjio riaBnyio ipt 
noiTb crpauH, nocj'6 Mero, ^pHHHB^ THTyjiii KHHdH RyaBiH h 
oBjaAtBi, ch corjiacifl lUJiaxTU^ JeHUHi^ett^ owh padocjiaji'b no 
i^tjoMy Ropo.ieBCTBy iipHRadi Bceti lUMXTib co6paTi>cfl ki 15 
iioHfl B7» CepaABi, rji^ AOJiffiRO Sujio npoHCXOAHTb ero RopoHO- 
BaHie; rto ho npii^Aerb u BucTaBHTi ce6fl TaRMMii o6pa30Mi 

irpOTHBHHROM^ BCNOBHTa , nOABepPHeTCfl OROHMBTPJIbHOMy paBO- 

pfHiio , noRopiibie e^y riojiyiiari> fioraTua Harpa^u. TojbRo 
otjHaa injiBXTa MBBOBeutafl h BejHROnojbCRafl, a H3i» Marna- 
TOBi>— BoABBHTa H j[m eiiiicRona , njioipcitt ii RieBCKitt, noi*jiy- 
maniMCb BeMOBHTa h npi'bxajiH wh CepaAdi , r^t on i> , SeBi 
or)U4Huxi> npH RopOHai^H oSpflAOBL, 6bLii» npoB03r,faiiieHii ro- 
pojeiii, npH 4CMI co5paBniaHCfl uijaxia, no BoeuHony o5utiaH), 
no^Hflu ero BBepxi> hb cbohxi> pyRaxb.^^^ OSpaA'B btoti* ho 
Morb 6uTb HaBBBHii Ropouaipeit^ noioHy ^to ne Obuo RopoHU, 
oaa xpaHH.iacb »h BoHrpiH , a npHBepseHipii 3eH0BHTa Sujih 

nWh S^AHH HJH TBRb H6BHHMaT6JlbHbI, ^TO He n03a60THJHCb 

cstdBTb Hoayio. TI^M^ BneprHUHl^e npoAOJisajb BeMOBHTT> saxaa- 
TUBBTb RopoHHue bbmrm; ycH AH ero o6paTHJiHCb Tenepb ua Ka- 
iHui b, uaceiieHie Roroparo, pactiHTUBafl na Rpi^nRia cTtuu u, mm 
Bct ropoaRaHO, HeaaBnAfl BeMOBHta, conpoTHBJiaJiocb cb saiirfe* 
'laTOJibHoio xpa6pocTbM) H ynopcTBOMx ; RpoMib Toro OHO 6bido 
yBtpeno, uio Majtaa Uojuna »e octaBHTb ero Ceaii noMoii^n. 
NajronojAHe ; A'^^ltCTBRTejrbHO , ci HeroAOBaHieM% h crpaxoM-b 
cNaTp1>jH Ha ycRjiBBaEonteeea SHa^eflie BeMOSffra^ He.ib3fl SbiJio 
TcpflTb BpeoieflH H HyHSHo 6u»io ynoTpe6RTb Bclb cpoACTBa, mto6u 
ocTaHOBHTb ero ycnbXH, ROTopue ynH^TOsajiH iixi pacqeTU h 
HaABSAu. TorAB oco^ohho apRo BUKaaaJca TOBRifl xapaRrepi va- 



— . 88 - 

jeoo jbCKHxii varHaTOBii h jioBKocTJb, Oh soTopoH) OHH yHl^n 9a- 
rpeSaTb aaapi qysHMH pyKaMH. GnpaBeAJMBo pac^HTUsafl^ ^to 
HeCjaropaayuHO SyAcrb TpaxHTb co6eTBenHUfl cuu Ha oohihob- 
Ky ycntxoBX SeMOBBxa, ROTopue TBKse Sujih onacBU mrb, laKi 
H KopojieB'b EjHcaseTb, ohh oiaipaBUH b'b BeHrj^ nooiOBi ok 
oOiflBJieHieiirb, ^xo, ecjH sopojieBa ne npumjierb HeHexieHHOBoit- 
CAa, f,lMO flpHTH Syxexi npoarpaHO. MapErpao^i GiniBiiyHA'B, 
xoTi cBMutt, Koxoparo xasii Sesi^epeiiofiHO BurHaJDinoiiiiH,6ujii» 
nocjiBHi xenepb bi Hoibniy, mo6% noAA^psaxB ApHry npo- 
XHBi> SoMOBHxa; HO, HpesA^, ^tu'b owb npHA^xi, Schobbxi 
Hosexi daxsaxHXb i^l^Jiyio HojuuHy h xofab BenrepcKoe boMcko 
AOJESHO 6y jifiTb BOSBpaxHXbCfl AOMOft; cji^AOBajio ycfiQUXb ero 
noAOspHxeuHocxb h nyxeHi neperoBopoBi, bi Koxopuni 6iMH 
xaBi HCRycHu MajonojibCBie Marflaxu, cBJiouHXb .jero wh Bpe- 
NCHHOMy npeKpau^efflK) BOCHHbix'b A^ttcxBifl. SeiiOBHXi h Boa- 
saHxa nojiy^HJiH orb hhxi lacROBoe npHrjianieme npitxaxb bi 
KpasoBi, qxoSu ciioGqa noAyiaxb o Oiail oxe^ecxaa, paaAH- 
paenaro iiesAyycoSieHb. SeMOBHX'b Gujb cjuuttROH'b opocTi, 
qxoSbi c'h ycnl^xoiTb arpaxb bi» nrpy oOMana h npHiBopcTBa 
c'b MajionoibCKHMH MarHaxaMH, ohi 0% paAocxbio npiuuu'b hxi 
npeAJioseHle, Koxopoe padCHaxpHBaji Barb man wb npuHpeaiio 
H He xoxtjiii cjiymaxb Soifte npoHHuaxeAHUX'b hsi (»0HX'b 

CXOpOHHHKOB'b , KOXOpue HpfiAynpCSAftJIK ^^ ^ BOaMOSHOCTH H 
B^pOflTHuCXH M3MlbUU. He COMHiBaflCb, 4X0 H MaJIOnOJIflHe, CO- 

BpeMefleM'b, npHsaaioxii ero cbohmi Kopoiieirb, ohi eoriacHJtcii 
Ha Bcb HX'b npoAJioseHifi; no AoroBopy, saKJiioqeHHOMy 28 whh, 
owb CHflA'b ocaAy fiainnia, pacnyexu'b b(^cbo h, caNi cbb* 
BBBi 066*6 pyRH, cnoRottHO SAaJii AaJiBR^ftnim A^tt<^tt ^ 
cxopoHBi MaionojibCRHXi MarHaxoBi, x. e. SAajrb xoro^ EaRi 
OHH ero ciiH8aHflaro npeABAyxi B'b pysH BenrpoBi. HeAO«iro 
npoAOJisa.iiocb ero SjiaseHHoe H6B:bA^Hie^ cRopo paaAaJCH cjyri* 
BcxynjieHki BenrpoBit bi HpeA'biH noium h, ROHe^HO, ohh 



— 89 ~ 

(»o|Ae xomn xd MaiMffiiH, iitm ohi ycnftn ooSpaib Honoe 
Boleio H BpiroToraTbCfl n* ornopy. KpaiOBCKiff coBftqaHifl h 
aauD^eiiHiilt AoroBopi oBasajmcL npooro HSiiftHOD; A&ro Ra- 
sajocb Tan HenpeBieKaTe&iiiurB, vro can MaionojuiHe exaa 
He noooopwnGb Mesxy co6oio m noAo6Hiitt, orBpaTHiemiul 
oSpaai AtioTBifl; oco66HRo cubHO yRopuo xpaKOBinrb sace- 
leHie oemompeiott o6jiacTB, bo rtn m mv/be, ipaxoBCBie m 
ceHxoMBpcme oTpaxu, sa^oAHo cb BeHrpan, onycToman Ma- 
30Biio, STJDi ropoAa h ceja, xonycsajn crpamHyio aiecTOKocTb 
n flacejBHii) h boo bto 6eBi Bcnaro conpoTHBiOBifl , 6isio 
xapfl lOBKocTH H xnuouTBiiecBOHy HCKyccTBy, BmasaBBUHi 
Ha ipaiOBGnwi csitsxt. /I,oiiapaTB, Bftpoouil cropoHBHBi Ch* 
iTOHyfljia, cb CBOUH HaeHHUiui Btm^aioi onycromai'b BOAaB- 
Ree niHo6pftTeflie Somobbtb , KyaBiio h ycyryS juui fibuc^e 
necqacTBaro spaa. He MajionojiflBe , npaaBaBmie eiy rpoay aa 
co6cTBeRHoe oxe^ecxBO, bo BiaAHCiaBi onojibCBitt, CA^jiaBmiitcH 
nowB qyaxmrb Ilojibflrb, csanjicB HBAb ea aec^acTieiii b, 
npH ero nocpeABflqeciBt, Sujio saKJinqeBO nojyroAOBoe nepe- 
upie MesAy BoiwBtBiai hu, Jiy^me CKasaTb, paaopaioB^eK) b 
pa3opfleMO» CTopoBan; OTarqeBBue Soraxoio no6meio a ace- 
o6qBn nponBTiBMH aoBBpaTBJiRCb Bearpii aa KapnaTU. 

floibma 6iua Siaaia Tenepb n nojiBOMy ycnoKoeBiB); 
ipaTBORpeMeflRoe nqieMipie, ycrpoeHBoe hbhAbod najionoiaffB, 
Norjo npeBpaTBTbca n npoqaiitt napb, ecu Ropojeaa Bcnoi- 
RHTb CBOR o6ftB^afliR R BpRBueTb JlABBTy ; BO Be TBKi pa3- 
cjiAan EjucBBera, Boropott, rbbi MarepR, 6ujio 6oJbRo oiv 
nyGTRTb CBOH) eB^e cjrbirohi HOJioAyio jifinh vh CTpaay, bbb* 
^RiejibBaR ^acTb Roropofi 6iua npoTBBi aea; orb bo bobb- 
Haxa, qro BsiiyveBRidt Rpatt aqerb cnoRoitcTBifl b mto npibaAi 
flXBRFB Hoserb yBflqTOSBTb napriio SeHOBBia. A^flcTBya ao 
cni Bopii neperoBopaMH u aapbhr, orb pibmRjacb a^^ctbo* 
Baib TeBepb BacRJieirb, pftinRja aaaaTb cbormii BoltcROM'b Baat- 



— 90 — 

Htfiniie nojibCKie 3aiiKH i Tor^a Tpe6oBaTi> otl dojiirobi ne 
corjiameHifi^ a 663yciofi£aro noaiiHOBeHifl. Ttmi Meirte xitja 
ona npaao na Tasoi o6pa3i» x^icTBia^ mto bii 03Haqe&Hoe Bpe- 
Hfl^ OAHVL H3% MajionojiLCRHXi oaHOBi^ npexcTaBHJTb eit xo- 
cTBTOwoe pyqaTejibCTBO bi totobhocth nojimc^'b HcnojiniTb 
efl sejraHie h orocjiaTb flpiry oOpaTHO wb Benrpiio^ TOT^aci 
nocjii KoponauiH. CeHASHBott hsi IIlyGHfla, BoeBo^a RajBUfciiit 
H renepajibHuit CTapocTa KpaKOBCKifi coSpaji BHa^HrejbHoe 
mcjio 111010X111X1 Afojffilk^ EofbonmeA qacra, cbohii poACTBea* 
HHKOBi, cocraBjaBnnixi i^b^tl Majionojibciott apHcroRpaTifl n 
oTBeai fnvb wb BeHrpin, rbri aajonniROB'b ao BOBBpanteuifl 
SLffiWTE. Ha CTOJib SjiaropoAHuil nocTynoFb &opojiei» OTBtTHJa 
caMbTMi HeAOCTOftHUurb o6pa30irb: apecToaaBi CeHASHBoa h 
npHBeseHHUxi mrb 3ajiosn]iROBi> , oaa Bonija bi coijauienie 
cb flccROMi H3'b TeHTOHa , 6e3ycj[0BH0 npeAasHuiirb Beurep- 
CKOMy ABopy h yroBopHJia ero BOcoojbsoBaTbCH OTcyrcTBieHi 
GeHX3RB0fl^ 3axBaTHTb KpaROBCKiit 3aM0Rii H Bh^J^mh ero bch- 
ropcROMy BottcRy^ Roropoe bcj['&ai> 3a UHirb SyAexb noc^auu 
Wb Uojibmy. UT'b CeHA3UB0fl h6 yapbijoeb HaMftpeflie Ropojesu, 
Ha^HHaiODtee HOButt, HacMbCTBeHHuil odpasi A^ltcTBie; ohi 
oSManyj'b cipaxy^ wb 24 yaca npocRBRajTb 60 MHJib r, npe- 
AynpoARBb HccRa bi> KpaROBib, noM'bmajTb HonojeeHiio a^ejiaRia 
RopojiOBU. HacHiie, Ha ROTopoe ona pftoiiuaeb, pascepAHJO nn- 
ROHei^'b H najionojibCRHxii NarnaTOB'b^ Roxopue Bcerxa burbsu- 

BaJLlI TBRyK) rOTOBHOCTb, BB H3BtCTH0e BOBHRrpaSA^^Hie, ROHO^HO, 

HCiiojEBRTb MBJibftuiee ea asejame; fiuTb mosbti, ohii bcboh- 
HiMH TaRse, mo hxi iiociimE^ Rommqiifl ycrynKH saiua^ORU 

OOJlbe oOtn^aHiflllH , niWb A'bttCTBRTeJIbHUMH I^tHHOCTRMH . n 

noTony iiohrjh HeoOxoARMocTb aaeprHqecRaro oOpasa A^^AcTBiri. 
no oTHonieHiH) ki BeurepcRoiiry Aappy; ho tbrobo 6bijo oTBpa- 
n^eme HXb H'b CHiibHUiii wkpBvt'b^ ^rro ohh corji»CH.iiicb na 
HOByio 0Tcp04By opiteAa flABnra. [loouipfleiiafl uib c^iaOocTbio, 



~ 91 - 

ffopojen nasBOJiija oeM Bce Soifte h 6oAe i Hnoeeiti or- 
njNiBua vb nojboiy GHridJifyHAa SpaHAeflSyproKaro, bi Ka^e- 
qeomi CBoero aaM'bcTRHKa. 9to hmweo Sujio nepenojuvTB 
qamy h^ xtlerBHTe jbHo , llojbma npiimjia vh TaBoe BOjmeHie 
H paserpoicTBO, bi Baioiii> HiRorAa eqe ne 6iiBaia. ^^^ Gh* 
rHaiyHxy A&n pibaiHTejbHult ornopi, pftsBO BUOBaaaBi, ^to 
He sejaiorb HiftTJb ero hh Ropoieirb, hh HaMtcTHraoifb h, nps- 
HyAHBi ero yxajiHTbca, ctbjiu AyvaTh o saM^iqefiiH iiojibCBaro 
iipecTOJia, iiOMHiro flpuru. Haprifl SeMOBHia, BOHe^HO, yciUH- 
lacb, HO pBAOHi ci Hen, BtpoaiHO bi Maiolt nojbmfi, bbh- 
lacb APyrafl) KOTopafl BHaie AyMSja ycTpoHTb iipaajieHie IIoJibmH. 
cMaraaTbi h luuxTa mryrb u rpafiflT'b Apyr*^ APyra^^ roBopnTb 
coBpeMeHHuit JlfiionHcei^^*^' •vl ecTb MesAy hhmh TBBie, ho- 
Topue BOBce ne sejiaioT'b KopojiH, a cTpenBTCH OBJiaAi^Tb bo- 

POHHUHH HMftmflMH H 06paTUTb llX'b Wb CBOK) nojb3y». Clt- 

AyeTb vk BHA^Tb B'h dTOHi HdHtcTui yBasaHJe Ha anapxiio 
TouRo HJ[H Ha ocHOBBHiH CFO iipeAUOJiaraTb seianie iiaHOBi 
ocHOBBTb apHCTOspaTH^ecByio peciiy^jMBy -* p^uiHTb TpyAHO, 
Ro HeibSfl He aairbTHTb, nro nocj^AHee naMtpeme xopouio co* 
OTBtTCTByerb Moryu^ecTBy h ropAejtHBUM'L saiiucjiaHi Majio- 
nojbCBHXi MarnaTOB'b. Bch btb Sypa, cabb ae noryOaBuiafl 
HojibmH, CTHua cb npii^:)AOM% flABHra B'b eohu'6 1384 roAa; 
KopojieBB EjHcaBeTa AO*)i»Ha oujia oinycTHTb ee, noTOMy 4to^ 
Bi upoTUBuoMb cjiyuaib, Kopoiia iiojbCHafl Horjia uepettTH rx 

SeMOBHTy HJIH COBepUieHHO yHHVTOWHJIOCb 6bl ROpOJICBCROe AO' 
GTOHHCTBO 15 0RTB6pH COBCpUlH^ilOCb ROpOHOBaHJe 14 JitTHeft 

KopojieBbi^ a Bi Ha(iaj['& 1385 r. bi RpaROB'b npitxajiH cbbtu 
on aejiHRaro khh3h jHToacRaro/ flreua. '^* 

CoSfaiie bto^ oucbhaho^ rponaAHofi bbshoctii u diicjysH- 
Baerb iioJiHaro Hamero BHHHaHin; c^iHTafl neoOxoAHMMMi paa- 
cMorptTb ero co BCi^xi cTopoiii , yKa3aTb act iipiNMHW , co- 
^tficTBOBaBUiifl ero coBepnieHiio ^ mm aojshu pibuiHTb huoiq 



— 92 — 

BonpofOB'B TaRi na nepBOMi uawi ctohtb BOnpoei o<hi or- 
HomeniflX'b JIhtbu ri IToAbint, Koroput sojineHi yflcmrrb nan, 
KBRHMi o6pa30M% p'6niHJCH flreuo CBaraTb MOJOffyn Kopajeay, 

MTO npHHOCHJTb OffB ett CBOeK) JDI^HOCTblO H Bl KaEOt CT6DeiflI 

oTB^qaji noTpe6fiOCTflHi noACRaro RopojieBCTBa. Gb xpyrofl 
cTopoHM, TBRi RdRii HaM'b HBBicTHO orpoMHoe Biiflflie naHOBi» 
H AyxoBeHCTBa, Rpoirb Toro BHaeMi^ mo noMtAHie Hex^ajii 
Ripiero, Re hm^h wb BH/ty cbohxi junmuxi HOTepecoBi, to 
He Sesi sHaqeHifl jniJifleTCfl Bonpoc^ h o tomI) qi^m ycntn 
Areuo crjorhti» Ha cboh) CTapoey pa btrxi MoryiqecTBeH- 

HUX% COCJIOBifl. 



rjiABA m. 



Ci Apesfitimaro BpeMein , t. e. no BpaMHelt ifbpft , ci 
Hawja XUI BftKa, mu bejuotl nocTOAHHUfl HanaAeHin ihtob- 
ttfiwh ua IlMbmy, npemiyiiidCTBeHHO Ha HasoBuo h ceHAOMip- 

6iy» H BpaiOBClflO SeMJH. Pa3GRa3'b O nOCl^AHHX'B COOUTiflU 

mxoQiaro po^a noMosexi Ham xpme oSpncoBaiB OTHomemfl 
o6oni co&kjifitL E noTOMf hu c^HiaeirB HeofixoxHHUM'B yno- 

MinyTb EMUb BKpaTII(t. 

EUbb yaepi Ra»iiip'B Bejnadtt, KeitcTyrB h J[io6apr& 
Hanan Ha BiaAHMipii, rAt BafioiaHH Bopou, phaoitb eh cia- 

PUMI^ A^P^BXHHUMnb, fiUJTb HOqiH ySB BUCipoeffb HOBUit KHp- 

iiiqHui aaMoxi* Hajoxyniie, a, Mosen 6utb, HSMftHa noib- 
euro BOMeHxaHTa, HeTpama TypcKaro xociaBHia jDHOBi^aMi 

B031IOSHOCTB OBiaA^TB SaMKailH, HpH qON'B HOBUtt 6UJi:b |§3- 

pymeHi ao ocHOBaHifl. ^^^ He AOBOJbCTByflCb dTHMb , SHH3bH 
OjirepA^, ReltcTyTb, JioCapTi h H)pitt OeiscKift, qpesi JIioS- 
offB, BTopuHCb wb ceHAOMHpcEyio o6j[acTb H npoAajn ee ony- 
CToaiem»; rjaBH&Jtniafl cbhtuhh Rpaa^ MonacTupb 6eHeAHSTH- 
HOBi, Ha jQiieoi ropft, ciaBHUfi xpaHflqeiocfl bi HOHb qacibio 
nBOTBopaqaro ap^bb^ oco6eHHO npHBioKajTb nTOBCRHXb xhii^- 
BHiOFb. Vwh xopomo duji HSBftcreHb oSuqait nojbCRHX'b 60- 
raqeit cuaAUBaxb cboh SoraTciBa na xpaneHie bt> MonacTU- 
pixb) lOTopye, DO oOH^oiiy n HHMb yBaseHiio, cwiaiHCb 
HaHSoifte coxpaHHUHii MtciOMb. 9th GoraicTBa, Bb coeAaneHiH 
CO MHosecTBOMi Aparo]](toHUXb Bereft, npHHaAJiesaBmaxb ca- 
HOMy MOHacTupio^ DpeACTBBjuuH BOJiHBOjrbnByio Ao6uqy^ ko^ 



- H - 

Topafl 6e3ii BCflRaro aaTpyAHenifl nepemia Bipyim JurroBqeBt, 
.laxBaTHBiDHXi H HacTb ffiHBOTBopffn^aro ApeBB. J'bTonHCH, pa3- 
CRaauBBfl o6i dTowb coSutih, nepexaioTii hbitb njjfft. Tor^a 
coBepmiiBmeecfl : Rorxa bo3i>, hb ROTopuft bojioshjh yRpaAeH- 
Hyio CBflTUHH), HaupaBieiTL Omjiti Kb rpaHHi^airL ihtobgrhvl, 
HHRaRBH CHJia He Morjia cABRHyib ero cb mI^ctb, boju h lomaxHy 
BHtcTi^ cb iioMoraBmHiiH HHii jnoAbMH , iioraSajDi BHesaoHoio 
CMepTbH), JiHiiib TOJibRO 6ujiH BnpHraeMfii; ^^^ no Apyrmi hs- 
BtcTifliTb) MtnioRi, wb ROTopuft OpomeHO 6ujio sHBOTBopflipee 
/(peBO BMtcTt cb APynnun seiuaMu^ hbhochjii cHeprb Bcaioiiy, 
RTo Kb HeMy npHRBcaiCH. ^^^ CioBtTii spei^OBi, a no ApyrRirb^ 
npocbSu nojibCRoit nitHHRi^u rsi pojia FaSAdHROBi, Bosspa- 
THTb yRpaAeHHyx) cbhtuhh) hb npesnee MtcTO, npeRpaTHjiH 
dTO 6'6;^CTBie; noMflHyToft njitnHDU'6 6uio nopy^eno OTseBTH 
ee Ha JiMcyio ropy n ohb notxajia ^ bi conpoBOSAeHin bbrb- 
niaro ee bi u^^wb JiHTOBi^a /l^oBoiiHM, Roropuft npHHHJTb bi 
nojrbmi^ xpHCTiaHCTBO h seHHjCR na neil. Tbrrmti o6pa30Vb, 
cBMa Bpasp ctfljia ctMena, na'b Roropotl MorjH BupocTH Apy* 
mecTBeHHUfl OTHomeHia. ^^^ Bi tbrohi se HanpaBJieHiH cjA- 
nfidTb Bcb no3AHttiinia naStra jrHTOBi^eBi ; MaaoBiH RymiJia 
cnoROttcTBie, BoitAH Kb poACTBeHHua cbrbh cb jihtobcrhmi. rhi- 
secRRMi AOMOMi en^e npH FeAHHHHl^— ero AO^b ^aHMKia*6jni- 
caaera 6ujia 3a Bai^jaBOMi, RHaseM'b HasoBeipmrb — h bho- 

CJI^ACTBin nOCTOHHHO B0306H0BJ[fffl 9TH OTHOUiefflfl K^JHAU R 

poACTBa (/I^aHyTa-AHHa ReficTyroBHa Oujia sa loaHHOirb iiaao- 
Bei^sHMi, Ao^b OjibrepAB, AieRcaHApa 6tf ja aa SeMOBHTOirb na 
dOBeuRHHi) H T. a) noHbTTRa fRjiBAHCJiaBa JoReTRa TOR) se 

I^tHOH) RynHTb MHp^ H CHOROfiCTBie CBOHMl noAA&HRiiiirb He 

ys'bHqajacb ycffbxoirb; rbri HsatcTHo, onii seHHjrb cBoero 
cuHa Ra3HMipa Ha AO^epH TeAHMKHa AjibAOHt^ npHHHBUiefi npi 
RpeqeniH hmh Arhu^ ho Ahhb FeAHMRHOBHa CRopo yiiepia, 
He ociaBRBii MyxcHaro noroMCTBa h c% Heio ooBepmeHHO npe- 



- dB - 

KpaniHeb j^pysecRia oTHomeHifl^ yAepsHBasiirifl HanaAeniH 
JlHTOB^eB^, Aft H npH shbhh en era Apys6a He 6BT.Ta ocoGeneo 
ffptnKOH) n HCRpeHHeio, ecn^ b^ 1330 roAy, BiapcjiaBi JIoRe- 
Terb npocHJii» y nanu xenerL n specTOBaro noxo/^a npornBi 
TarapTi h jRTOBi^eBii. ^** KaK% 6w to hh 6btjio, iro cmepTH 
Ahbu h^ erne Sojrbe, no CHeptH reARMHHa^ BpasA^ meaR^y co- 
ci^fnm pasrapaeTCff Bce Sojiite n 6oji1^e. B^ dTOM'B BHROBaru 
SujiR Raanmipii h ero BaaoeBaTejbHaH A^RTOJibHOCTb , Haiipaa- 
jeRHafl ua FajRi^io h Bo^iuRb, ROTopua cqRTajii> cbooh) co6- 
cTBeHHocTLR) J[io6apn> ^ RseHaTufi hb /(oqepH oARoro hsi* no- 
cj^ARHXi RHflaett iorodaiHiAHoit FycH. OeHAOMHpcRafl oOjiacTb 
noiuaTHJiacb CTpamHUMi onycTomeHieMB sa npucoeAHH6Rie Fa- 
iRi^jR vb UoAhuA. Moryu^ecTBO SasRHipoRa npeoMRHRa, Ropoia 
floxbCRaro H BenrepcRaro^ ctojb HSBftcTHoe wi fiaponib, hrmbio 
Re ycrpamajo MTOBi^esi; b'b to BpeMR (1375), rofar cohao 
RRpcRie iiaHbi, BCTptuafl npiteaBRiyH) Ropojieay KjiRcaBOTy, co 
cTpaxoHi nepeAaaajiH eft cjiyxR o roTOBfl^eiicR HanaAeniR jir- 
TOBi^eBi» H ROFAa EucaBOTa ropAeiRBo OTBi^vajra, ^to y or 
cufla cHJibHMR H AJntHRHR pyRH, -* Bl TO CBMOe BpOMR Beit- 
CTyTi> H JlH)6apT'b nepeniJiR Gbhi h paaocJiajEH cboh saroHbi no 
Bacjit, Ao oaMaro TapHoaa; ohh paBopajiH Bce , Bcrp'biiaBmeecfl 
HMi na nyTM r ocoOorho UBJiRBajiH cboh) apocTb hb jiaTHHCRifl 
i^epRBR H CBHn^eHHHROB'b, ROTopux'b 6e3iioqaAHO BtoajH. IIo- 
cAjifiee o6cTORTejibCTBO dacTaejifleTi hbci conacHTbCR 0% 

OAURMl R3X nOJbCRHXl HCTOpHROB'b , ^^^ ROTOpuA OfrbRCHfleTb 
nONRHyTUR HOHCTOBCTBa ^pHCyTOTBieM^ B1> JlRTOBCROMl BOflCR^ 

3HaqRTej[bHott Maecbi pyccRHxi, BUBeAeHHUX'L hbi Tepnl^nifl 
T%RH npecjii^AOBaHiaiiH, ROxopbiMb iioABeprjocb upaBOCjiaBie bi 
3aBoeBauHoii HojibmeH) qacTu PycH. ysacL Hanaj'b hb Majiyio 
nojboiy; ue HayMeHHafl npeasHRM'L onuTOH^, ona He noAyMBja 
Htpaxi aan^HTM h Tenepb, OesopysnaH^ AO«iffiRa 6hi,ira buho- 
CRTb HcecTOROCTb iiHTOBUeBi. IlaHU OH , txaBUjie BCTpftqaTb 



- 06 - 

KopoieBy ci BoopyseHHUMH, ho MajoqHcieHHun cBnaMH^ no- 
na^ajH hi pyra BparoB^ h T6pfl.iH HuiSHb hjh <»o6oxy; bjiobh 
BHCJiHi^Raro RamrejiflHa ejBa ycnftja cnacTHCb, SpocHBi cboh 
BRnaasH , a CBHTa ea 6oJibineK> nacmo nonaia bi HeBOjn. 
neTpaoTb rail BapaHoaa, iiJieMflifHiiBb rni^BHeHCKard apxieoH- 
CKona, cnaccff, 6jaroxapH Tomo MyaiecTBy^ Roropoe He ocra- 
Buo ero wb MHHyry onacHocn: no^rn yace oRpyseHmift jh- 
TOBi^aHH, OHi cxBaTHji s6Hy CTb HOBopoaxeHHUMi , emfi He- 
RpenieHUbiM'b CBUoirb h SpocHJLca aniaBb qepeax BHCjy, no- 
secTBO CTptjrb nojiert lo aa uhmi , ho hh oxhb He noHaJia a 
Ao6pufi ROHb c^acTJHBO BUHeci ero na Apyroft 6eperb. Bea 
Rpatt Mcsjiy Bhcjlok) h Cbhohi Sun paaopeffb wb rohci^, 
Hacejenie qacTiio hbShto , moriio nooaio bi hobojid , CRon 
yaexeHi^ aanaeu xibfia h BoaRaro pojia HMynieoTBO HcrpefiieHii 
HJiH norpa6j[eHU h touro lorxa , Rasb coBepmHJDK»» BCft an 
HecvacTifl, nijflXTa BycTynHia npoTRBi HenpiaTeu. Ho cb a- 
TOBi^BMH 6LIJ0 Tpy^HO SopoTbCH; 'rpafifl H pasopaa erpaay, 
OHH He cqHTajEH HysHUMi BCTynaxb wb orapuToe cpaseme i 

JHmb TOJIbRO HaCTHfaJIO VLXb MittCRO, OHH CRpUBaJHCb Kb He- 

AocTynHttii MtcTaxi, BUSHxaiH ero yAaJteBoa h CHoea buio- 
AHJEH Ha rpa6earb. BopoMBa - HpaBHreibHHpa , bo Bpeiu aroro 
Oi^AeTBia , nupaMH h Tani^aioi crapaiacb paaaieqb naHoai, co- 
GpaBnuxca Kb RpaROBCROHi> saMRt, saBl^pfifl hii, wo JbDxo- 
BHRii HeMepeHfio BucrynHTb npoTHBi jHTOBi^eB'b h npHHyxRTi 
Hxi BoaapaTHTb hjAhhuix h norpafijieHHoe HMy^eoTBO. Ail- 
CTBHTeibHO, Bii 1377 roxy, BenrepcRoe boMcro, uok^ Mmmn 
Ha^ajibCTBOMi Ropou, aBHJOCb Bi qepBOHHya) Pyob, qroOu bi 
coeAHHeHiH ci ea npaBHTejeMi , BiaxHCJiaBOirb onoibCRan, 
yxapHTb Ha Sosaimie iHTOBCRie ropoxa. OcoGeHHo hm&u bi 
BHAy ABa aaMBa Xojmi h Beiai^ opHHaAJLesaBoiie oAHOMy im 
HpeABOARTejiefl nponiJoroAHflro naStra Ha Uoibuiy, RRflsv 
BOpix). Eu^e KaaHMipoM'b upRHysAOHHiiitt Kb hobophocth, obi 



— 97 — 

uaxixL 8Tun saifsaiiH, npudHaBai BepioBHyio BJacTb non- 
cKaro sopoia, ho dro npHSHame, CA^JiaHHoe wb Tpy/fpayio bih- 
Hyry, hhckoaro ae npenarcTBoeaio 6My 6utb Bumh aparoMi 
Uosbum H yqacTBOMTb bi ea pasopeaia.f Bi Haaasanie aa 
Taioe BftpojEOMCTBO npexnojroseHO 6um oSpaTHXB opyaie npeasAe 
Bcero aa ero aaiiKH. IIpHrianieHHue aopoiewb nojusa, ci oco- 
fieHBOio paAOCTbH) a roroanpcTbio coCapajiacb hcthtb cbohhi pa- 
3opHTeiavB^ AyxoBeacTBO corjiacHJiocb aa c6opi noxaTeft pa 
6068811^1 fl3AepseK%, QuraxTa co BCfixi CTopoai Buctuaia 
CBOH xopyrBH, apxienacsoiTB rateaeacaift, no npiteA'6 aopoja 
Bi CeHAoimpi, npeposajTb eiiy 200 aoni rpomeft, ^^^ oahhi 
repS'B Tonopa aucTaaajTB ceMb xopyraeil. OAymeBjeaie nojra- 
Kowb apaseio axi ai 6jiacTaTej[BHUMi» ycntxaiiii; oaa Bsajm 
XeiM'B M B'B TO Bpi^Ma, aaai aopoA cl BearpaiiH TO^eTBO 
ocasAai^ BejEai, npHCoeAHHeaieHi cbohmii b'b aoMy aacTaaajni 
KHflda H)pia boSth wb neperoBopu h c^aTB sanoa'S. He cxporo, 
opaKOVL, 6ujrb Haaasaai B'bpoiOMHfiift RHH8b: aopojib aosapa- 
TBjTb eaiy 6613% aa Jieaaoirb npaaft, npa^ajTB eaiie JIioSaqeBi 
a 100 rpHBOHi Aoxoxy asii coianux'b aoneil Boxaia. ^^^ JIm 
AOBepmenifl paso^apoBaaia nojaaoai, qepBoaaaa Pycb, npio6- 
piTeaie BaaaMipa BejaKaro, oiAaaaaa eqe npeasAe Bjana- 
GjaBy onoiBCioMy a lenepb caoaa BOdapan^eaaaa aopojoo, 
Tas'b aaai BiaAaciaBi ae hofb saatHTHTb ee ot'l aaOfiroBi 
fflTOBcaHXi, 6uia apacoeAHaeaa aopojieirb ae wb Uosbmi^ a 
n Bearpii a ai apftnaaxi saMaaxi ea , aucTpoeaaiix'b xpy- 
fjamt a BOAHBeaieirB aoJiaaoBii, cl^ia BearepcEie rapaadoau n 
Bearepcaie cTapooru. ^^' Taai otomcthjiii aopojB onycxomeaie 
Majiott nouma; ^es'B aficaojibso jAtl^ Torqaci* nocjrb ero 
caepTH, Bearepcaie crapocTBi, cnpaBCAJiHBO cqaxaa ^epBoaayio 
PycB coBepmeaao js,m ce6a qysAOia, npoAajia Baavaxejbaoe 
^HCJio ea ropo/tOBi, aueHao: Kpemeaei^, Ojiecao, QepeMunutb, 
JoDaxaffb, Gaaxaaii a Apyr. JlH)6apxy, aaadH) BjiaAimipa a 



- 98 — 

Jlyi^a ^^^ H TOFAa Bjume nojbCKoe aojsho 6010 novH npe- 
BpaiHTbCfl. H npesAe oho 6ujio cjiaOo, Tfiusi Kain* jiTOBcme 
RHJidbfl BcerAa cMOTpftJDi na qepBomyio Pycb^ luawb na cboio 
coScTBemocTb a Ben asi aa aea nocToamyK) 6opb6y crh Sa- 
BHMipoirb H JI]OAOBBROMi> ; HXi onycTOiiniTejibraie Ha66rM pi^- 
mHTejbHO H6 noBBOjuiJDi noiflRaMi BOcnoibdOBaxBCfl SoraTCTBon 
H njoAopoAieirB cTpaau a nosaioBaHHue KasHidpoirB wiAm 
npHHOCHjH Hxii BiaA^bibi^Hib HesaauTejbHue aoxoau; He a^* 
poifb 3a6oTHica RadHMip'b 06'b yapiiueHui qepBOHHo-pyccim 
saiiKOBi, He AapoMi, yMHpaa yse, aasHaqan Soibniyi) cymfy 
Ha ysptHJieHie RpeHeHua. ^^^ Hobuh npioSptTeHia jraroBpeBi 
AtiflajH coMHHTejbHUM'b caMoe rocnoACXBO noiflBOBi wb qep- 

BOHHOtt PycH. 

SaaoHqHM'b spaiBitt npHBeAeaHuft hbmh oqepaii oTHomeflifi 
AByx:b cocbAaaxi rocyAapcTBi paacRadoifb HamecTBiH, koto- 
poe 6uio npeAnpHHflTO noA^ HaqaibCTBOirb Beuaaro aHasfl 
flrejifla ; oho na^HHaeTCH ch MasoBiH , sHHSb Rotopoil , noMb- 
ayacb BpasAoio flrejia cb KettcTyTOirb, aaxsaTiurb jditobcro- 
pyccRifl oSiacTH nocjifiAHflro, hh CROibRO ho crtCHaacL tbwh^ 
«iTO 6ujrb senarb Ha ero Ao^epn. BaxHtttmaa hsi BaxaaqeH- 
Huxi RptnocTetty j^orH^HHi, 6iua Bsara npa noHoqa HSiiftHU 
pyccRRXi, ROTopue, no npoABapHTejibHOH'b CHomeHUi cb flreji- 
jioMii, aasrjH HO^bio ropoAi* h xaRHMii ofipasoHii coAi^ttcxBO- 
Baju ycnftxy mTypMa, na^aTaro bo apeiia nosapa. 3a Jlfion- 
WHOH'b CRopo CABiHCb GypaBTb, MejEbHHR'b, BaMeHei^'b a aPT^* ? 
N Taai HSMibuHHqecRa oTopBaaHutt apatt chobb coeAHHHica ci 
jEHTOBCRopyccRHii'b rocyAapcTBOiTb.^^^ He AoaoibCTByacb sTHn, 
flrejijo cqHxajLb neoOxoAHMLUi'b AOCTOttHO HaRasaxb al^poiOM- 
Huxx RHflsett MasoBiH, a Taase h nojraROB'b, noMoraaniaxii 
uHii Bi saBoeaaHiH IIoAiacba. Bi 1384 roAy, ci BHawxejB- 
BUM'b BoflcROMi ABHHyjicfl OHii wb IlyjiycRy H, paaopHB'b Ma* 
dOBei^sifl seMJDi, npome^n* ao Bhcjiu h npaBum 6eperoirb ea 



- 99 — 

xocnn ycTbii CaBa. Ilarai h nuuixTa, no ofimaiD, HenpHro- 
Touemue vb omopy, Sl^san npej(i jnroBi^aMH h RCRa jh cna- 

CeHlfi Kb 3aBilX0CTCK0Hli 3aMSft H nOTOMy fla BTOTl SaMOfil 

Hanpaauocb uroBCKoe Bottcso. He wmAe MfflKbj oho sniaBb 
nepenuo Bnciy, h, aasii coofiqaer^ npeAaaie, saHeoeHHoe wb 
AiTOUMCby ^^^ BSfljio ropoA'b fiesii noMoqH apxHuepin. IIo npH- 
saay flrejia, Basxuft bohhi OpocHn b'b SaBHiociii najvy h, 
lan laR'b Bottcio 6iM0 OMOHb MHoroimcjeHHO, ohi» cKopo 6un 
3acunaH'B naiRaMH; lorAa jditobi^i sasrjni ero. Baai 6ii to 

HI 6UM, ropOffl 6hLn BSflTE H COSSeHl H BOflCEO JIHTOBCROe 

noTflHyjEOCB Aaifte, npeAaaafl ace CTpaniHOMy paaopoHiio; tbri 
Aomjo OHO AO Bhcjdd^u, pacnoioseHHott tojbro bi 9 uuiflxi 
on BpaROBa, OTCDAa noBepHyio Ha3aAi>, coasrjio'no Aoporib 
OnaTOBi H BOSBpaxRJiocL Wb JiHTBy. GflOBa nocTpaAaia Maiaa 
Qojbma H, aaflflrafl bi to apeiifl cbohmh a^&mh, ooRAafl npi- 
t3Aa flxBHFH, ona He Moria h fjWiTb o H^eHiH, o Boaapaiue- 
m MfloxecTBa njd^HHUxii u o* toII Soraxott Ao6u^t , Roropoio 
BocnojbaoBaiHCb ihtobi^u. 

BoTL xapaRxepi^ OTHomeHitt, wb RaRRX'b JbiTBa, cb a^b- 
Hflro yse BpeiieHn, naxoAHiacb rl Ho jbmft; hu bhahmi , ^to 
BeiHRHH Qoama ho^th ho noAseprajacb Ha66raHi^) coc6- 
Aei, ee cnacajio yAaieHHoe noioseme h aecb ysacb h paso- 
pcHie^ conpoBOSAaBinie b'b to apeMfl BoeHHua A^ttcTBifl, naAaiH 
i6siM)qHTeibH0 Ha Majyio Hoibmy , MesAy T^wb y aaRi BTa 
fioraTHH H niOAopoAHaa CTpana HysA&Jiacb toaro b'b cnoRoft- 
CTBiH, qroCu AOOTHTHyTb nojmaro 6iarococTOHHifl. BiaAHCJiaB'b 
JoRexoRx, RaRi KU yse SHaeH'b, He Horb opyaueM'b Bocnpe- 
DiiTCTBOBaTb HamecTBifliTb Ahtbu^ seHHJiii cBoero cuhb aa AhhI 

reAHMHHOBHft H^ RHRl HR ROpOTORl CUJll aepiOAB APyS^HRXl 

CHomemfl, see tbrh ohi npHHecb 6jiaria nocji^A^^Bia. IIojA) 
o6pa6oTRi ROTopuxii H0RTO He Hl^majTb, cxajiH A&Baxb ofinib- 
ayio saxBy, noHiufHRH h RpecxbaHO SoraxibJiH, pasBRJiacb xop^ 



- 100 - 

roBifl ■, nsxb pesyuTaiTb Bcero, Oeanpecxamo flBifljncb ho- 
BUfl noceieHifl, yBejNHBaBmifl qHCJHxejibHOCTb napoxa h enie 
6ojE%e coAMcTBOBaBmifl GjiarococTOflHiio Rpaa. IIooTOflHHafl OHac- 

HOCTb CO CTOpOHU JIhTBU , OrpOMHUfl DOXepB, EOTOpUfl HeCJH 

oTb Hefl MBJionoiflHe , soHeqHo ffijwm 6um BoaSyAHTb n 
EEX'b CTpanmyio seHaBHCTb h o6paTHTb bcid hxi A^flTejbHocrb 
Ha aan^HTy CBoero AOCTOHHia h shshh orBxmi^HUxi cocftx^il; 
Kb TMowb CMjnat AOJESHa Sujia oOpasoaaTbCfl Bft^Haa, ne- 
ycxaHHaa Bottaa ae tojmo do 6ep6rairb Bhciu, Koropyn 
flreuo nojioacH j'b rpaHHiteio caoero rocyxapcTBa , ho h xajte, 
wb rjySb CTpaobi, wb nycTUHHUii* npocipaHCTBax'L Boimmi 
qepaoBHott PycH, oSjaAaaie ROTopmin JIsTBa ocnapHBaia y 
IIojbmH. Ho SH3Hb, HcnoiHeHHafl aoeHHUXi onacHOCTeit, f/kn- 
ToibHOCTb H6 o6oraqaH>ntafl , a paaopaioqafl , ho yjoiOajiacB 
HajLonoibcuHMii MarHaiairb, aoropue, Kaai mu bha^^jh, aoBce 

H6 6uJiH CRJOHHU Vb BQUbA H oCpaTHJH BC% CBOH nOHUCJS 

HCEJinqHTejibHO na npioSpl^Temd bosmosho Ooibmaxx OoraxcTBi. 
HcaycHue AnnJOMaTu, ohh aojishu Gujih oibHCBaTb impmifl 
cpe^cTBa, ROTopua saqHTHiH 6u hxi orb JIhtbu h oOesneqaiH 
HMb CHORofiHoe HOJbaoBaHie m oSmHpHuini noMl^TbaMH, oco- 

6eHH0 TfiMH, ffOTOpUMH SaiOBaib HXb Kb qepBOHHOft ?J(M Ba* 

dHMtpb BeiHRitt. Bi AstBHOiTb ciy^at Hirb ^ase ESJimiHe Shio 
AOiro ipyAHTbCH, npHHfipi JoRCTRa Sun y HHX'b nepexb rjra- 
aaiiH 0, Bb caHOMb a^^^^ v!b^b mojusA A^cTiiraiacb ^ ecu 
flrejijo seHHTca na flABUft h coeAKHHTb JIsTBy cb nojbaieio. 
ToFAB naHU He xojibRO choroIIho 6yAyrb noibdOBaibca tI^hi^ 
mo evAm^ ho cnpaBepHBO Moryrb pac^HTfiiBaib , qio jjitob- 
CRifi RHflSb, ROTopoMy OHH AocxaBfiTb HpeRpacHyiD seny cb ro- 
poHott Bb npHABHoe, orGjaroAapHTb hxi hobumh oosajoBaHiaiu 

H HOBUMH 6oraTCTBaHH. BOTb RBRHlIb 06pa30M!b HlWb HeHaBHcn, 

noposAeHHofl ihtobcrhhh paaopeniaHR, HBHJiacb mbica o Apy- 
secRoil CBH8H Cb JIhtbom) qpesb Spaai ea locyAapa Cb noibCRon 



— 101 — 

EopojeBoS. BaifeHUfl bufoau, BUTeRaBmifl hbi btofo 6paKa ajih 
QojbniH) xopomo npHKpuBaiH RopucTHUfl i^jih MajonojibCRHXi 
MarflaTOBi h npHAdfiajiH hxi ycHiifliTB xapasrepii naxpioTiiqe- 
CBuro f!bM. jl^jfl Bcbxi Sujio acho, qio DoiBina^ paspuBan cl 
Beerpieft, co Bci^xi CTopoHi oBpyseHHafl chahumh BparaMH, 
£T> TOMy se ocjiaGjeHHafi BHyTpeHHHirb paaAopom, AOi[SHa Sujra 
Bi Hys-b cBoefi Kopojeau, npio6p%CTB RopojH, KOTopuil nmfbn 
6u AocTBToquo cpeACTB'B ^ qToSi yTHmHTB AOHamHiH pacnpH h 
PTb HBAJiesantift ornopi cocbxaMi. UpeffnojiaraeMoe coepHeflie 
a Swmm Buomi OTBfivajo aioiry TpeSoBamio , tbei EaRi 
coBORynHUfl chjiu Jhtbu d IIojBinH npeAoraBJHjm HaAesnoe 
PfqaTencTBO b'b cjaBHOMi OyxyqeMii o6ohxi coeAHHeHHUxii 
rocfxapcTBi. IIoAoOHfiie BE^a HaraaTOBii Bnora^ pas^l^jfljiHCb 

H ApyrHlTB rOCnOACTByiOIItHH'B COCJIOBieM'B, AT^OBeHCTBOM'B, r6- 

Topoe ocoOoflfio. ropOTO jsfijmEO 6iuo yxBaTHTbca sa 9Ty 
MUCA, noTOMy qxo 6paRi> flrejja Ha flpnri 6iijii> BosmoseirB 
TOJbEO noAi ycjiOBieirb nepexoffa ero wh RaToin^ecTBO , a 06- 
pan^eme flsu^ecRaro rocyAapfl h ci> HHirb Bcero ero napoAa 

ClUO GTOJB BejHRHMl H, B'B TO SO BpeMfl, CTOJIB BUrOpBUTB 

nopiroiTB, TTO OHi He hofb ne yajie^b hojibcrhxi npejiaTOBi. 
TasiMi oOpaaoMi He ipypo Sujio naHBH'B corjiacHTB at^o- 
BencTBO wb coaMctbud a^h AocTHsema npeAnojioseHHott n/bm, 
nocift qero orh CTajni cjbtb hocjobii ri flrejuiy, npHrjiamafl 
ero RpecTBTbCfl, coqeTaTbCfl OpaROMi ch flpnroio h hphhrtb 
noACRyio HopoHy. ^^^ JaROHHSMi HCToqHHHOBii He jifierb bob- 
HOSHOCTH noApo6H%e hsjoshtb caHoe saposA^Hie h pasBHrie 
sTofi HUCM y MarHaTOBi Majrott Oojibuih ; ona , RoneqHO , Re 
Morja HBHTBCH pasoiTL y BC'bx'B, a 6ujia BUCRasana t^hh, ro- 
Topue SjiHse SHajiH tSrejjia h A^se naxoARJincB cb hhmi b% 
CHomemHxx. Bujio 6bi oqeHB HHTepecHO osHaROMHTBca cb bthmh 

liraHOCTflMH, HO, Ell COSaJ^HilO, HCTOpifl He COXpaHHJ[a BXTi 

mm. Bee, qfo ao chxi nopi hexi SHajoi, orpaHHqHBajiocB 



— 102 ~ 

oxHHMH npexnojoseHiflMH ; xairL ysasuBaiH Ha Toro /I^OBoltny, 
soTopufi fisAHn wb nojiBiiiy h seHUca aa CBoeit niftHHiiii 
HSi po^a raOjiaHKOB'B, ho J^oBollHa, HHiorxa, hh npesx^, hh 
oocift Spaxa flreua, ae Sun CTOib SHaqHrejbHianb Jon^eirB, 
qroOu MOSHO Siuo c^raraTb ero shhobbhrovb aroro G0K)3a. 
yRasiiBaiOT'L TaKse aa MOJioAaro BpaEOBCRaro BoeaoAy Crairsa 
H3ii MeibrniEiHa , soTopufi, Sjato 6u, oco6eHHO coxftltcTBOBan 
6paEy, HO BTo yKaaame ocHOBiuaexca toaso hb rtxi 6ora- 

TUXli nOXapKBX'B, BOTOpUMH OCUnaJTB BHOCJAACTBiH flrejilo 

GouTRB, qxo, BHpoqeMx, HHqero ne AORaauBaerE, noTOxy ^to 
flrejuo BOoCqe 61111 uifiRV^ h ^cjih Simi n^expte wb CmiTKy, 
niMb Kb APyrHMi, to npocTO noroHy^ qro Ghktro eiiy 6ojAe 
HpaBHjcH. Mu HoaevB yRasaxb toaro hb opo anfij y^aciie 
ROToparo h^ onHCUBaeMOirb }i!bA noATBepsA&CTca necowAH- 
hkimh CBHAtieibCTBaBiH ; bto 6un AHXpeft BacHuo, nepaid 
RBTOjaraecRifl enncRoni Jhtbu. PoxHamHCb otb jDOAei xocra- 
Toqnux'L, npHHaAiesaannm vb nuiHxeTCROMy cociobud, ^'' 
SyAynptt enHCRoni npoaen cboh) hoioaoctb npR apxHKaeexpt 
rHftBHOHCRoft, Hsyqaa HayRH nofli HaxBopom ffifjiL cBoero Hi- 
ROJiaH cxoiacTHRB , noTOiTb 6un npH ABopft enHCRona RpaaoB- 
CRaro, neTpa Oa jbROBCRaro , rx6 npHHaiii catTCRyio *T0H3ypy 
H HonpBBiflJTb AousHOCTb coRperapfl. Ehhcrohi oqeHB msd^esi 
ero , 6pajrB ci co6ok> bi Phitb h AaHHbOffB, OTRyxa , nocji 
BHesanHofl cMopiH OauROBCRaro, AHApett BoaBpaTHica wb Tm 
Ej no SjarocjioBeHuo nanu KjHHeHra'YI, BCTynHjrb vb opxeai 
opaHii[HCRaHOBii, HB 27 roAy bsh3hh. B'l 1354 roxy offB bo3- 

BpaTMCH Wb OTeqeCTBO H CROpO npOCiaBHJICfl RBRI OTlH^Hllt 

H RpacHop'bqHBuft nponbB'bpHR'b , ho HeAOBOACTByacb cBoeio 

MHpHOlD H CnOROilHOH) A^HTeibflOCTBie , Offb CROpO OTOpaBHlCfl 

Bb aauqecRyH) JlHiBy, qroOi oSpaiHTb ee hb xpHCiiaHCTBO. 
Hesxy XHTOBCRHMH OoHpaMH Toro BpeneflH, roBopHTb opaHiui- 
cvaHCRaa pyaenHCb, hsi ROTopoft mu aaHMCTByeMi am noApo^- 



— 103 - 

Hecm, 6iUH HHOrie, HcnoBftAUBaBmie npasoeiaBie un abho 

eMy coqyBcraoBaBinie, ho h HsmHHROB'b 6uio AOBOibHO. Ilpono- 

Btxyfl y Bi oxHoft xepeBHft , dOBO Bosie , AnApelt Sun cxbb- 

^ewh xaxim to Cobphhoitb h oSbhhbh'b nepexi^ BeiHiuirB khh- 

36VB OibrepxovL wb tovl, qTO BosCysjiaeTi eapoAi ki neno- 

BiiH0B6Hii>) BHymafl, no ci npHHATieiiib xpHoriaHCTBa, bcI^ jidah 

6yAyrb paumi npexi Borons. Sflaa bbukh iHiOBCBiM h cja- 

BflBCidft , Aexpefl HpoHSBon caMoe BuroAHoe BneqautBie na 

BejDuaro rhbsii, KOTopuA npHBHajTB ero anoiflft HeBHHHUMi h 

ciopo noqyBCTBOBBJiib rb Hciy yBaaeme. Seufl EM^Tb npH 

ce6t jioxeil paayiimixi h yieHini, ohi ho npenaTCTBOBaji'B 

AHxpen noHftcniTbCfl wh KOHBeHrb opani^cBaHOBii, npn i^epRBH 

CB. Ateii MapiH Ha neciax'B, qacro oh hhmi coBl^Toaajicfl h 

xase HoqbM) npBSUBan ero hie oOcysA^Hia pasjmqHuxi ]i!kn. 

<Eto to cTapaniflMH, roBopHTB jifiAe osHaqeHHaa pysonHCb, bo3- 

Bucuca HanrB soHBeHTb h imcioin HonaxoBii h aoxoabhh 

nocjib HexaBHelt cBoeit 6%au». ^^<> Bi 1374 ro^y AHApeft ot- 

npaBHjLCfl Bi BeHrpiio, so popy EjiHcaBeTU, cynpyra JIioao- 

Bua, 00 Bojft jm Oi&repAa bje no Apyrott npH^KHfi — hohb- 

BtoTHO. OpOBBAibHie h tbitl ero He ocraBHio: wb RopoTKoe 

BpeHfl nojEyun owb aoishocth ceRperapfl, nponoBfiAHHRa h 

HuocTi»epa3AaBaTej[fl dTott CiaroqecxHBott RopoieBu; Hl^CROJbRo 

pa3i tsAHi'B OHi cb AHUJioMaTHqecRHMH nopyqeHifliiH Vb JIlTBy 

B ABxe ocraBB JOB Hteoropoe Bpeia wb Bhah^, BcerAa bucoro 

yBasaendt npn ABOpft OiBrepAa. Hcnomafl oaho nopyqeaie ro- 

P0JI6BU, 6u£b Wb 1377 T.Kb Pniift, Tf!b nocBfln^eHi wb envcRooa 

cepercaaro (Geperi wb Bajaxia) nanoH) rpHTopieHii. Hana xot&ei 

yxepsBTb ero npa ce6fi, ho CRopaa CMepTb ero ^ jooCoBb hobbto 

eiiRCRona ri oTeqecray^ Majue aoxoah cepercRott enapxiH h 

HeiBHie RopoJieau sacTaBHU ero BOdBpaxHTbca wb ea ABopy^ 

r/i6 offL npHHflJii oGasaHHOCTb RBHifJiepa no a^bmi HHOorpaH- 

HUVb, TBffb Ran BHaJTb HHOrO aaUROBIb. IIO BOlft RopoieBu R 



— 104 — 

BeibMOHTb offb nonan bi nocj^ACTBii m> wMo coBftTHHBOBi, 
npHAaHUXi MOJLOAofl lopojLeBHJ^ flABHr'6 h conpoBoaAan ee bi 

nOJbmy; SHBfl Kb TaSOMl SBBHIB B'b BpaEOB^, OVL HC MOJO 

CA^iajTB ffiR npHBBafiifl aa ipoai nojbCRiit flreua, Roroparo 
owb AdBHO yse aaajTB a oriqr aoroparo Sun MHomrb oSflsaHi; 
TJbM'L 6ojfte ipypjEca oai xu BToft i](%jhi, ^ito HcapeHHo jid- 
6an JHTBy h yceppo saSorajica 06% ea oGpaoieBni. cGiri^o 
MoasHO yxBepvA^Tb (npoAOJUsaeirb ciroaaira pyionaca), ^ro nep- 
Buft npowKift man» aii oSpaateaiH) Jhtbu npaaaAiflesiirB ena- 
CRony AaxpeH); aacjiyra axa, capuBaeMaa hitB) soiftxcTBie 
xpHCTiaacROMOHamecRolt crpomboctb, aecopaaeAAiBO ocTaercir 
B'b aaSBeaiR y OTeqecTBeaauxi rctophrobii r 9to Tiwh ae- 
cnpaBeAiHBfte, qro ea noojAgpfm ctou Ciara r oqeBHArai».^^^ 
TaRBMi ofipasoHi hu aaaeirb xotb oporo qeioaftaa, Roroput, 
Mosen GuTb, aepauft, aaaen noiaaoB'B aa Mucn npRSBaaia 
flreua; vh btomi aiy^aft owb pyROBOACTBoaaiica or^acTH jr^- 
HUMR CBORRR oTRomeHiaMR wh iHTOBCROMy RRasi) R ero orqy 
R ejBfi 6oj6e seuaieMi oOpaiHTb Jbnay bi^ saTOjRqecTBo, 
qTo , oqeBHABO , He yAaiocb eny npa nepaoS noRUTRi. Ero 
oOpaaoBaaie, ero nySoRift jwb r ocoGeaHaa npHBieRaTejb- 
HOCTb ero xapaaxepa ^^' pacnoiaraiR wb Reny acbxx ero 
sHaBmRX'L R ipyAU ero wb noibsy flreua, Sute HoserB, ae 
nponajm 6H A&poifb, ecmSi fflme He 6uj[0 Tfen 6iaronpifli^ 
mixB A^iH Toro yciOBift, Roropuxi mu yse roBopRiR. H 
TBR^b, jrawua BKiroAU HarRaxoai r AyxoaeRCTaa, Taase Ran 
R RHTepecu vlbJLoi nonniR (ecjiR touso flreuo coriacRTea 
apecTHTBca a cooarhrti JlRray cii noAmeiD) , npn yen ahori 
xoAaxaficTHfi AaApea, oOpaTRjoi BBRMaaie nojasoai aa Bejiaiaro 
RHasa R ORR, no npnaeAeaBOMy RSBftCTiio fflroacaaro jrl^Tonacifa^ 
cxaiR cuTb Kb neny nocjioaii, npoAiaraa eny aopony r pyxy 
nojibCRoft Ropojieaii. 

Go cTopoHU flrejjia crpaRRO 6iuo 6ei oTRasHaaTbca oti> 



- 105 - 

Tuoro BHTOAHaro npeAioseiiifl ; yrposMUift opAenoMi, oeyBfe- 
peHHutt wb CBOHX'B coScTBeHBuxi nojuaHBUxi, EOTopue TOjnaMH 
6txan R'b BHTOBTy h BM^crfi ci vaxh pasopfln ero rocy- 
xapciTBO, rai AoiseH'L 6uj[i ch paAocTbio yxBaTHTbCff sa npex- 

GTaBIIIBinyiK$fl BOSHOXHOCTb yCRJDITbCH H 06paTSTb B% HHTTO 

Bpaax66Hue eiiy aamicoi; Syxyiqee, npesxe ciyTHoe h name 
rpoaHoe, lenepb npeACxaBjfljiocb cjaBHun h SiecraqHirb. 
CubHo paBBHToe caMOjmCie bbojoA yxoBieTBopBiocb coeAHHe- 
HieiTb Ha rojEOBft ero ffijTh KopoHi, nai Boxopux'b nojbCKaH 
He nocil&ABeiD cuxaxaob wh to Bpeiifl wb EBponft; ^ero ch bo- 
jDiqaiiDHMH ycHJiflHR He Morb AoGnxbCfl cuhb HMnepaiopa, to 
6631 BCHKHX'b HOsepTBOBaHitt H TpyAOBi opeAiaraiocb eiy. 
MoioxooTb H Kpacora ^bhih, o ROTopoft cjiaaa rpeiibia no 
i^tioft Eaponft r o aoTopolt ohi ysnajTb qpeai ijojifAj Hapoqno 
Aifl Toro HOCjaHHUx'b wb BpaioB'b, He homb Tasse ne ca^- 
laxb Ha Hero CHUHaro Bne^aTJE^Hifl h, Rone^o, ovb ne aojlfo 
xyHBjE'b, qTo6u corjiacHTbca na Hpexioseme RpaROBCRRX'b na- 
HOBi. Ooriacie ero, OAHaHoarb , ne 6bU0 eqe aoctbtowo hm 
ocyqecTBiemB aaAyiaHHaro nxana; ch opoit CTopomi mbjio- 
nojbCRie MarnaTU npHrjiacHJDi flreua Sesi B^AOMa flABRni n 
He. HocoBtTOBaBHiRCb i CI BeiHROHOUHaHH y CI Apyroft flfOUO 

6ujrb TBRli SaHBTb CBORMH OTHOmeHUIMR Rli OpAOHy R BHTOBTy, 
^TO He HOrb H AyMBTb HBROMli JIH6o HOBOITB H CepbOSHOM'b 

npeAnpiflTiR; ci oOtRXi CTopoHi, cj^AOBaTejibHO, nysHO Obuo 
HHoro HopaSoTBTb, ^ToSi ycxpaHHTb npenflTCTBifl. DpesA^ Bcero 
flreuo AOJUKCHii 6hu% no3a6oTRTbCfl o SesoHaoROCXR cbocto ro- 
cyAapcTBB co CTopoHU opAOHa; Bcero jiy^me Rasajiocb eny npH- 

RHpHTbCfl Cb BhTOBTOMIi R TaKHMl oSpBdOM'B JOimHTb OpAeHl> 
BeCbRB HOJieBHarO pyROBOARTOJUI R BMl^CTft BHaraTejbHofi CRjm, 

noTORy m£0, ne roBopa yse o MHoroqncjieHHUX'b Strieifax'b, 
nocjAAOBaBnmx'b sa Brtobtomi bi npycciH), bob SnyAb npR* 
B8ja ero CTopony r ^pesi Hero Bomia bi ApysecTBeHHua 



— 106 - 

CBfl3H CL 3aRiflTUHx CBomTL BparoMi. Hu pftmirreiBEo Re 
SHaeiTB noApoSHOcrett 9Toro npiiMnpeiiiff, noHUMaeMi tojkbko, vto 
flreuo, yMepTBHBmift Seflcryra, noKymaBmiftcfl na misHb ca- 
Horo BflTOBTa, ne mofb noABOBarbca ero AOBtpeimocTbio h 
AOJUseiTL CujTB npeACTaBHTL HaAesHoe pyqaTiJiBCTBO wb Bip- 
HOCTH CBoero ciosa. Boape, nocjranHue wh IIpycciH), y6%Aim 
BHTOBTa noBtpHTb 6paTy h cejiohuh ero wh npRimpeBiiD, noxi 
ycjioBieiTB B03Bpaji^eHifl evj oh^obcrhxi BJiaAi^Hift. Bhtobt^^ o6- 

CTOflTeiBCTBaMH CBOStt SHSHH nOCTdBJieHHUft Bl ]BecbMa Tflsejioe 

nojoseHie, npimyBSAeHHuft BUHaiHBaTb noRpoBHiejiBCTBa h no- 
KontH opAena, ROToputt , RaRi owh xopomo noHRMan , Hirbn 

Wb BHAy TOlbRO CoSCTBeHHUfl BlffOAU, BfiJLmeWh Sfim pHCRHyXB 

H n^Tb Bipj o6ftiqaHiflMi> flrejua, ROTopiift hrcroaro eesa- 
cjiysRBaj'B B^piii. ^TO BHTOBrB BtpHXB, AORasuBaeTCfl npo- 
ntanieH'B ero ci opAeHonrL : ABUflCb doa'b mnmoi APyra, ohi> 
daiBaTHJTB 3aHRH H)preH6ypn» r MapienSyprB h oOpaiRn hii 

B'B paSBBJUIHEI, RSShBI HJIR BSflBl Wb llAWb RXl rdpHR30HU 

R TOJibRO nopflBmaacfl ipeaora cnacjia HapieHBeAepi, ParHRTy, 
Heftraysi, ROTopuirB rpodRjaxaRaRse yqacTL. Jlj'bftGTByR tbrhmi 
oGpasoiTb, Brtobtl cosRrajTb cbor RopaSjiR, OROH^aTeibHO paa- 
puBajTB CL opAeflOMi H BoojiHi OTAaBBJCfl Wb pyRR Areua, 
xapaRTepi ROToparo Ha ctoaro yse Hairb RBBftcTeni, qro hu 
He yARBRHCfl , Bcipftqaa AORasaTejibCTBa xoro , qio oh'b o6Ma- 
HyjTb BRTOBia. Ha nepaux'B nopaxi, opaRosi, Brtobti no- 
jBEy^RjTB BjaAtHiH CBoero on^a^^'R, Raai Tpoi](Riit RR&3b, nsAa- 
aajTB rpaMOTU, saRUDqaBmia bi> ce6ft nosajioBaHifl }i,m ropoAa 
TpoRi R A^fl cyqccTBOBaBmaro bi neirB npaaocjiaBHaro HOBa- 
CTupa , ^^* HO Wb TOMi flse TOAy (1384) oht» HdAajii AORy- 
HeRTb, H'b ROTopoHi o6iflBJ[fljii> , ^To HOJiyqRjTb OTb AreuB 
FpoAHO, BojiROBuBcrb , BpecPb r Dojitcbe, o% ropoAaMR JI^po* 
rnqRHOMi, NejibHRRoirb^ Cypaseirb, BaiieHi^eirb, Bi^jibCROirb a 
Ap., BHaqRTB, TOibRo pyccRifl BAaA^Hifl CBoero OTi][a;^^'^o Tpo- 



- 107 - 

xaxi HeroBopHTCfl vicioBa, tofab lan cairB BirroBTb ytBeps- 
xan, qTO Ofiui otosbbhi noxi yciOBiem BOdBpaimeHiB eMy 
Bcero KHflsecTBa BeicTyra.^^^ BecbHa eorecTBeHHO^ qxo Obhp- 
reuo, ROTopoMy 6ujh otabhu TpoBH, nocjft fiftrcTBa BHTOBTa, 
6iifb BecBMa HOXOBOJieHii , Rorxa npimjocb oTKaauBaxiiCH otb 
Tasoro xopomaro ropoAa; oqeab Hoserb SuTb, wo ero eacTOflHia 
daoTBBHJDi flreua oGMBHyTb BirroBTa, ho Kairb 6U to hh Oujio, 
nocj&xmtt 6ujrb oSiiaHyrb m bsi> btofo •aKxa BUTORaiorb ho- 

BUB HenpiflTHOCTH HME OOtHXl CTOpOH'b H HOBKIfl HM ElSTb 

saTpyxHeHiH. Fse bi noMBHyiOM'b AORyMeffift 1384 roffa Bh- 
TOBTb oSflByercB ho BfiicuiaTb en wb KOiiy nocjoFb h bo xo- 
MorarbCH on^oBciBXi Bjax^Hiit. EcTecTBeHHO BUTesaBmafl nai 
o6MaHa noxospHTeibHOGTb yse OBpysaen ero ci^TbD mmoHciBa 
H AORyneHTajibHO JDnnaen ero npani , npHHaAJiesaHilBX'b Has- 
XOKy rocyxapiD, cBflSUBaeirb ero pyRH, qro AOCxaajifleTi bbmi 

HOBUtt HBTepbBJrb fflfl 06pHC0BRH HpaBCTBeHHOlt IH^HOCTH flrOUB. 

Ho BipoBTHO BRTOBTb 3Ha Jii HOCxoBHi^y .' «xyAofl MHpii lyqme 
AoOpoft ccopu* H noToiy pftnmxcfl AOBOibCTBOBaxbCB nona cbo* 
HVb noiosemeiTB h A^se coAftScTBOBaTb ABOK)poAHOHy Spaiy 

Vh AOCTHBeBUI ROpOHil HOXbCROtt , paC^HTUBaH , ^TO TOFAa y 

Hero 6yAeTi mhofo aoHeib , ROTopuxi mcib , Moserb 6uTb, 
nepeJlAeTb bi ero pyxH. 

DpesAA Bcero yoHJdfl XHTOBCRHX'b RHaseft oGpaTHXHCb npo- 
TRBb opAena; nocrpoenHiitt 6jh81i Bobbb, HapioHBepAepi copa- 

BeA4HB0 CWTaiCH HXID^OMI HI JiHTBt H nOTOMy HySHO 6fiIX0 
BHpBBTb BTOTb RJUD^l HSTi pyRl OpAOHB. Ol Heo6liRHOBeHHOX> 

SucrpoTOi) 6uio co6paHO B.ecbMa SBa^HTeibHoe BoftcRo, roto- 
poe, noA^ HaqaibCTBOMx CRHprejia, Bhtobtb h emfi ff>yTmi> 

OAHHHBAIV^TH HHHBelt, ABHHyXOCb Wh HaBBaHHOMy BBMRy; Bl ROB- 

H% ceHTflSpa ero oGxobshjh co Bcibxii CTopoHi>, npeRpaiHB'b bc6 
noABOBu H SAHxeibHO cTeperxH HfiMani, tbri ^to hhrto ne 
vorb noABTb hohohir ocasA^HHuirb ; Ahomi ■ houk) rpeHfixH 



- 108 - 

opyxifl H AMcTBOBajiH orpoHHUfl ocaAHiifi MamHHfii. ^enipe Hesi&iH 
yse AOfocB odiesame h xota ocasA&H)ii4e ne aocthtjdi en^e 
BHAHMaro yciri^xa^ ho rapnraoH'B yMeHbmaJicfl, cjia6j^xi», noMoiip* 
H6 npnopia h repotteim jchuAk soMeHAaHTa, FeHpiixa Kje, 
He HdAOiro Morm ynepsaTb Henpiflrejui. BiecHyia, 6£Uo^ Ha 
Bpeifi EfkffimjUBi Ha cnaceme: ocasA^HHue yBHAajin npHOnse- 
Hie opA6HCsaro Mapmaia SoHpaxa fiaJuenpoAa, ho jditobuu ne 
AonycTHXH ero si KapioHBepAepy h cRopo na^aBnriecH Hopoau 
3acTaBHJ[H ero BOSBpaTHTBCH HasaA'B. HasoHeifi orjoraraie ap- 
THuepRCTKi flrejia , naSpaHHue hsi pyccsHXi , HdBftcTHiixi 

CBOHITB HCByCTBOlTB Bl dTOWb A^^lA/^^ npoSHJDE CT^Hy, fi^MI^l 

saspiiiJiH 6pemb SoHGapAOio, pycciie g6hj[h ee cbohiih MtTRHMH 
BUCTp^aHH H Ha^aiHCb miypHEi. TeHpHX'B Rje 6un j6wn h 
rapHEBOHi, Sesi npepopiejui, ci ysacowB bhah, oto Henpifl- 
TejDb oOBjraAUBaerL ct^hu coaomoh) h jsj^jtexe xerKo ropa- 
npiMH BeHiecTBam , He pimajca npoTHBHTBca jiftAe h cAan 
ropoA^. flrejrjEO Skuh CRJibHO pasApaseni TaraiTL SHepnrae- 

CKHITL COnpOTHBJieHieirb , OffL COSCTBeHHUMH pySaMH OTpySHJIl 

rojOBy oAHOMy pm^apD h npHKasan yHeprBHTb HftcioAKO 
Apyrnxi, neoHOTpfl na to, qro oS^^aica coxpaHHTb arasHb 
ocTaBDmMCfl aaqHTHHBaii'b CAaBmaroca ropoAa. OpAOHi noHeci 
orpoMHUfl norepH: oahexi pbuiapeft noniOjro 150 h 50 6buo 
BSfiTO Bi lutwb. He roBopfl yse o npooTfiix'b coJA^i^axi; AOJro 
He MOFb OHi onpaBHTbCfl oTb CBoero nopaseHia h, hohhtho, Eaeifl 
qyBCTBa nnraji'b oHb ki BHTOBxy, xasi oiOjiaroAapHBmeMy ero 
3a oRasaHHoe noRpoBHreucTBO. flrejixo TopseciBOBajii; cb oAHoil 

CTOpOHU Offb CAi^aJTb HeB03M0SHUH!]b HOBOO cSjTHSeHie BHTOBTa 



Cb opAenoiirb, cb APyroft owb saxaaraji TpH norpaHvirabixi 
saima, ROTopue Tani o6jierqajH BnaAema pui^apeft Kh JlHTBy; 
HO opAeHTi He AOJiro opeAaBaJiCfi OTqaaHbio, cb cBoScTBenHOH) 
OHy A^HTeibHOCTbio , OHi HeMeAJeHHo cxaiTb HCRatb cpoACTBi 
HonpaBHTb CBOH oOcTOflTOibCTBa , T. e. CHOBa o6jierwTb ceSft 



- 109 — 

BoaiioxHOCTb HalHbroBii Ha nroBCEyn s&mmjo. Ohi BomejTB vh 
cHomeflifl ci SraoBirowb , RHSseirB MadOBeiptinrB , ROToputt, 
BejtxOTBie HeAaBHHTO pasopeHifl HasoBiv, a, mosbtb 6uTb, n 
BCjrbACTBie nome}sjnss!h ffl Hero ciyxoBi o santicjax'B flreua 
na KopoHy h pyny flpini, vb TONy se' HoOysxa^Muft nysxoiD 
B'L xeHbraxi aaiosHjrb opxeny aa 3600 Roni qemcsex'B rpo- 
meft, qacTb o6jiacTH, nasuBaBmeftcfl Skarsze (Sackrze). B% axTfi, 
HanicaHHon no 8T0iiy ciy^aio, npaMO CRasano, oto odHaqen- 
Baa iri^cTHOCTb ycrynaeTca opxeHy, noToiiy mo oea npHJiesHTb 
Kb imnecMHWb CTpasan h oTTy^a yAo6flO A^iaTb Ha nan 
lanaxeHifl, BCJribxcxBie qero opxeHii ffime HiAerb npaao crpOHTB 
wh Heft BaHHH. ^^^ He oOpantaa BHHMaHiH na yBOJinqHBaDnpHCfl 
TaRHiTB of^asom epe^cTBa opAeaa h horb c^htbh ceOa Ceso- 
nacmiiTL ci ero CTopoHii, Areuo Bucian TopaecTBOHHoe no- 
eoncTBo vb KpaROBi. Bo TMh% nocoJBCxBa, b'b aaqecTaft 
triaBHaro, aaqaibHaro no6ia» CToan CRHprejuo, ^^^ popoft 
6paTi» u HBHOojibe x^flTenmitt h yceppidt corpyAHHRi flreua. 
Gil cBMoro BciynjieHiH hb npecTon nocitxHHro mu BRAHm 
iptaRyio CBflSb Me&xy HHirb h GRvpreuoifb : CKHpreuo aexer^ 
neperaaopu ci pm^apfliiH h xase tsxHTb B'b jIhbohik) h Ilpyc- 
cin ^^S oB'b se flBiaeTCH noepeAHiROMi iiesAy flreuoMi h 
BefteryTOMi, owb conpoBO&Aaerb Seficryra vb RpeacRoe bbrih)- 
qeflie h TaRse necerb OTBi^icTBeBHOCTb aa H3H'6HHHqeoRift ci man 
nocTynoRi, OHb riBBHUHi o6pa3oirb npeABOABTejibCTByerb Boft- 
cioiTb wb 6opb&b ci opABHOirb, nocjiib CircTBa ' Bhtobtb. He 
Bcerxa, hbri mu anaeifb, yAaaaiocb eMy, cjiyqajiocb h TepniTb 
3a upeAaHHOCTb 6paTy ; tbri HojoqaHe , bo asejiaBmie mArb 
ero CBOHMii RHfldeHii, HBBecjiH eHy Tflisejioe ocKopSjieHie , ho 
3a TO npeAaHHOCTb ero 6ujia HarpasA^Hft jiyqniHM'b yA^jroirb 
Bi jIhtb'6, RHflsecTBONii Tpoi^RHMi. ^^' TjiaBHMmee coOuTie 
Bi SH3HH flrejiia coBepmaeTca TaRase npn ero yqacTiH, OHy 
naBHiurb •GpasoMi Dopyqeao bto ji^m h OMy coGcTaeHHO abhei 



- 110 — 

BCt H606X0AlilIUfl nOlHOMO^ifl. BTOpUlTb ueioMi nOCOJBCTBa 

6uM% BopHCi, SHfl3b cy3AajbCffiit, senaTutt Ha cecxpib flreua 
ArpHimHHib; ^'^^ hxi conpoBOSA^^H OurHMyHTL, BHflSb rojb- 
maHCsitt ^'^^ h FaayjiOH'b) crapocxa BueHciift, lorb camitt, 
BOToparo HEi yse mnim CTopoHHHKOirb flreua bi 6opb6£ ex 
BeftcTyxoMb. Ilocjbi BesjiH GoraTue noAapxH ajv flpKTH h 
KpaROBCKHXi nanoB'b h bmI^ctI^ cb tkwb Tanifl o6i&qaHifl orb 
HMeHH flreua, ROTopua aoishbi Gujth pacnojioaorrb n Heny 
BC% napTiu: 1) BeuKift KHasb o6fl3UBaicfl bh6ct6 (tb CBom 

fipaTbflMH H pOACTB6HHHKaHH , ROTOpblB 6^6 He OSpeCTHXHCb, 

6oflpaHH H seMflHaMH npHHHTb piMCKo-saTojiHqecByio Bbfj; 2) 
o6paTHTb CBOH coRpoBHqa Ha oTbHCRaflie h Bocnoneme norepb 
H yxparb oGohu rocyAapcTB'b , jHTOBCsaro h noibcsaro; 3) 

0CB060AHTb BCJ^X'b HOJDiClUIX'b HJI^HHHROB'b, BBHTEIXl BO Bpeifl 

Boftffb jIhtbu (yb IIojibmeH) h 4) HaBOHei^ coeAHHHib cboh 

UTOBCRiH H pyCGKiH SeMJU Ha BftUBUfl BpeMena Cl BOpOHOD 

nojDbCBott. ^^^ Bi BTHX^b o6i&u^aHiflX'b 6ujo Bce, qero Morjia 
sejiaTb nojibma: h pacmEpeme rpanni^'b, h GeaonacHocrb on 
BparoBi, BOTopue ne 6yAyTb las'b rposHu nocjift coeAHHeHur 
cb JbrraoiD h HaHoaei^'b B^qnaB cjiaaa oGpaqema B'b xpHcriaH- 
CTBO i^Aoft crpaHu. Bujo k^wb yBieqbCfl h , xotb ao chxi 
nopi BeiHBonoiflHe ne BHpaBHJOi caoero corjiacifl na npHaBanie 
flreua, Moatno 6uao pacqaxuBaTb, qxo ohh ho 6yAyxii afo- 
XHBHXbCfl Bi BBAy XBRBxi Giecxflo^HX'b oGftqaHitt. Tenepb xpe- 
6oBajocb xolbBo corjacie flABHra h ea MaxepH h noxoMy 
HaiTb cjAfj&rb npHcxaj[b46e BSuaHyxb hb flreija, bbbi na 
qejoBtoa, onpeA^rnxb xeqafie, qxo OH'b npHHOCHJi'b co6om) cbo- 
eA 6yAynteit cynpyrft, Boxopaa, no hojoaocxh, oabb ih hohh* 
liaja SHaqeHie CA&iaBBUx'b EWb odftuiaHift b, BoneqHO, xoii^a 
HafixB wb BOHb He MaxepbflibHoe ycHJieHie caoero rocyAapcxaa, 
a qejioB^aa AOCXoMaaro juoObh^ 

Bii onBCHBaenoe BpeBia flrejiio a^cxhti yse nojmott apt* 



— Ill — 

jocth: eMy 6iuo okojo 34 j£ti> ^''^^ owh DTJunaJicfl Hapys- 
HOCTbK), ROTopafl iipoHBBOAHJia nplflTHoe Bne^aT ji^me : ^^^ cpex- 
HflTO pocia^ ci» HajieHLKofi, wb Bepxy saocTpeHHofi rojioBoft, 
no^TH oGHaaeflHoft, ohx hm^Hi npoxojn'OBaToe, xy^oe, cby&eH- 
Hoe Wb noAGopoAxy Moofi^ ocB&qeHHoe MaieHbuoiH ^epHEiMH 

TldMME, ROTOpUXli OC066HHOCTb SaRJUOqaJiaCb Kb TOHIi, qTO 

ora HHBorA^ He ocTaBaiHCb cnosoitHUMH, a nocxoflEHO 6&rajLH 
1131 CTopoHu Bb cTopony; 6ojibmifl ymH, npH ijfflwb tI^jA h 
AjniHHofi mej^ He Morjoi, no Hanieny MHtniio, npHAaxb oco6eH- 
Hoft KpacoTu ero «Hrypi&, ci jerEOCTbio lOTopofl BOBce He 
corjacoBaJDicb rpyOutt roiocb n Gucxpafl fi^h , otpiiIbhcto 
BupfiiBaBuia&cfl Hsi ycTi, ociHeflHm'b ajhhhumh, ho tohehhh 
ycaMH. B'b xapaRTept ero bhpmi coeAHHenie caiiuxi pasHO- 
popuxib KpaflHOcxeft: HHoro Aypnaro, oxqacTH xopomee h na- 
KOHeiit^ Tasifl qepiu, ROTopua no neonpeA^JieHHOCTH CBoeft 
saTpyAHHioTb M36j[i&AOBaTej[fl) HHorAa npocflica wb nepayi) Ra- 
ToropiH) , HHorAa bo Bxopyx). ^xo nocxoflHHO nopasaexii bi 
flreuj^, 9X0 ero Anb^ nojmafl h GesrpaHiwafl; cHaqajia) RorAa 
oHii yupaBUJTb xoju»RO JIhxbox), doAHiyio wcxb xpyAOB'b offb 
Bouaraji'b na CaHprejua, Bnocji&ACXBiH , RorAa ohii CA'^Jiajica 

lOpOJEeHl* HOACRHMli, BCi^ A^«I& COCpOAOXOMRJIHCb B'b pyRRIl 

MarnaTOBi h eeftnoB'b, ropasAo qaii^e co6MpaBniHXCfl npn HeRrb, 
^twb npH ero npeAmeexBeHHHRax'b h xtH'b 6os/be BasHuxii) 
qxo HM'b yse npeAmecxByiDXi> ceiHHRH x. e. M'bcxHbie c%!&3- 
AU nuflxxu. OxAaHHuft jAee Jlreuo coHXb ao nojiyAHH, no- 
TOM'b H'bsnxi CBoe xtio bi> 6aHt h ocxaJbHyio qacxb ahh 
npoBOAHXi 3a cxo^onii^ neyM^peflHo |noxpe6j[flfl BcaRifl acxbh 
H pasroBapHBaa c^b cbohmh jnoGHm^aMH ; xpyAU BoeHHue h 
ynpaBJieme rocyAapcxBOM'b owb cBa^HBaexi na APyrnxi h bo* 
Bce He 3a6oxiixcfl o xomi, RaRb HAyxi» niM Bb nopjacxHOHii 
eMy Rpaib. Jli^Hb X!6j[ecHaa cooxBtxcxByexi yHCXBCHHofi, jwb ero 
oxjuqaexcfl xoio ace neA^flxejibHOcxbio , Raa^b h xtjio: owb ne 



— 112 — 

rjJEyiTB, HO noEHMame ero cjiaOo h, Barb B&b HeAaieme imp, 
offb o^eHB. Aoiro h6 saMt^aeTi cffibJiaHHott onmSsH, a dBsA- 

THB'b, H6 C03HaeTCfl Bl HCft. O^HO TOARO BUBOpT'b CFO H3% 

6e3X%&GTBifl : CTpacTHiift oxothhsi cb x^TCTsa ao caHoft cMep- 
TH, oHi eseroxHo oxoTHTCfi OT'b Haqajra 0RTfl6pH p KOHi^a 
flHBapa; 9Th qeTupe Mtcfli^a ohi He Buxoprii hs^b jt^cobi, 
He cooSqaeTCfi cfb ocTaibHUM'B mpoirB h SHBeTB d'MexBt- 
AflMH, TypaHH, sySpaHH n apFRmii Haceji^meiTL AP^MyuxB 
jnnoBCRHX'L Acowhi cjiy^aexcfl eMy oxornTbCfl h bi APyroe 
BpeMfl pop. B'b JTbcax'B h nyn^axi flrejuo npeoSpasaerca^ 
BTO yse He npe&mft, jr^nnBuft h Tflseiutt ^ejioB'l&Ri, 9To 
BTieTB, cb ypBHTejEBHUMi Tepni^HieirB ^epeHOCflH^ft bhoM i 
xoiOA'B, rojiOA^ , saasAy h qpesMi^pHyH) ycTajiooTB ; ohb BecB 
oTAaeTCfl oxoTi^ , KOTopaa p,JLfL h^o ne npociaa 3a6aBa , a 
CTpacTB, oxBaTUBaiontafl ace ero cyn^ecTBO, aacxaBJumniafl sa- 
CuBaTB Bce ocxaiBHoe. Bha^ xypa^ roHHiaro co6asaMH npHBO- 
AHTi ero Bi BOCXHqeme, ohi iraiTCfl 3a hhitb, oOoApaa cbo- 
Hx-B cnyTHHEOB'B, oOftHfaHieirB SoraTUxi HarpaA'B sacTaBiflfl 
HX'B saOuBaxB ycxajiocxB h hphxoahx'b b'b OiaseHHUft BOCXoprB, 
soxAa KdHyqeHHiitt aa^^pB, co Bi^xi cxopoHi ORpyseHraiS, 
naAaex'B noAi GMepxejiBHUiTB yAapom. IIopaaiiBmitt aaipfl a^- 
jiaexcfl caHmrB infiesHmrB' eMy qeioataoMi h tAtl HarpaAU, 
B'h Koropoft 6m flreuo oxEasan eHy. TaEHMi ropa^mrB oxor- 
HHEOMi flrejuo ocxaicfl h b'b riyCoBOtt cxapocxa: wb 1426 
roAy, lorAa eiiy Omo yse oeojio 76 ifixi, oxoxecb wb 6t* 
jiOBtocsoft nyn](6 n roHfl sBibpfl no HenpotsAHBiirB MficxaMi, 
om» yuan ci lomap h cjombji'b ce6% Hory, ^xo, anpoqexB, 
HeoxiyqHAO ero oxi hoaoShuxi hoabhtob'b. |(pyraa ^epxa, no- 
StoAaBmaa ero OHaaqecRya) h HpaacxBeHHyH) li^HB, sacxaa* 
lEBmaa ero AyMaxB o nplHCEamH Mi&p'B, SeaooBOHBmaa h bqi- 
HOBaanma ero, 6iua aaSoxa o cBoeft SesonacHocxH. Kaai fic% 
ciaSue H HepasBHx&ie yMu, flrejMO qyacxaoBan ce6H hoab 



— 113 — 

BlillHieM'B SaEUl to rpOBHUXIi, TaHHCTBeHHUXl CflUI'B, KOXO- 

pufl MDf JH iioBpepTb eiiy ^ MorJM Hapymnrb ero Ojiarococxo- 
ifflie n paspymajTb EVb BpasA^Hoe AftttcTBie cpeACiBaiiH ctojl 
se GescoBHaxeuibHMHH, ckoju> leiiHO h oOhbmhbo Hhulo uoHfliie 
rposHBmett otr; a^ to onacHocTH. Maoro dafioTHJica ohi», qioOx, 
BciaBafl cb nocreu, ae cxaxb npesA^ jk^boio, a aenpeM&HHO npa- 
Boiofloroio; 6ptfl 6opoAy, OH'bcoGHpajL'bcpfidaHHue boiocu h oSmbi- 
Baji Hxii ucTOiD BOAOH), 9X0 Aojuuo Sbuo HMtxb RaE06 xo 6jaro- 
SixejibEoe nocjitA<^Bie^ beixoaa hbii aomb, obi BcerAa xpn paaa 
uoBepxuBaacfl ua oahoS aort a xpa se paaa Opoca^i sa ce- 
6fl GioMaHHyK) coiOMOHRy. KpoMi 9XHXI , KoaeqHO , Maio 

j(6ftGXBiITej|bmiXl> CpOACTBli, KOTOpUfl pHl, DO CBHA^kxejlb- 

cTBy uosbcwsa.'b JitToimceft , daHMCxBoaaj'b y cbo^A Maxepi, 
OujiH a APyi'iH, HMiBinifl, Moserb 6uxb , al^ROxopoe pasynHoe 
ocaoBaflie. 9acxo rocnoACXBOBaBmaa bii xo apeiia sapada h xbk'b 
HHSbiBaeifoe MopoBoe noB^xpie nopOABU mhosocxbo j^sapcxBi, 
Eoxopufl opeAOxpauajH) A^ftcxBHxejniHo hih Efkn^ oxi Bapaaseaia. 
flreuo nocToarao ynoxpefijiflji'b oaeo Hdi hhxi> h ae Oohica 
noBajEbflbixi. 6oji&3B6ft. ^^^ Jleraocxb^ ci Roxopoio, wb cpeAaie 
Bisa^ onipaBifljnr aa xoxi» obI^xi iioAefl nocpoACXBOMi sab, 
xaise BOsSyAua ero aaHMaaie , xtmi 6oJi%e, ^xo Maorie mi 
ero poAHUxi noraSm xaRHirb oftpasoii'b. B'b 1392 r. aaeBanao 
yaepi ero jnoSiMbiJi 6parb A JeiEcaBAP'b Baryani h mojebb npa- 
imcuBajia CMepxb ero a Ay, ^''^ wb 1395 roAy noraS'b xaaairb 
se o6pa3oirb APyrott, ae Meafte jnoSBMbitt 6paxi», GaHprejiio; 
^^^ Bi 1393— FeapHX'b MaaoBeipatt , aEeaaxutt aa cecxpi Ba* 
TOBxa a ^^' cuBOBba nocji^AHaro, saa'b aaaEexca!^ 6ujia ox- 
paajeau pb^apaiui; ^^^ bi cocl^AHHX'b cxpaaaxi, c'b koxo- 
puHH flrejMio Sbui'b wb nocxoaaauxii caoineaiax'b, oqeab ^acxo 
oyqancb iiOAo6fiiiia iipecxyajieaia, xaaii qxo 6ujio Maoro npu- 
MtpoBi, Roxopue yaaBbiBajui aa BOBMoasHocxb aaeBanaott, aa- 
CBJibcxaeHBoA OMepxa a sacxaBjajia noAyMaxb o cpeACxaaxi 

6 



npexoTBpaTHTb ee. flreuo tI^mi Sojijbe aojischi Sun en ona- 
caTbCfl, qro nepBuft ecTynnji'B Ha nyrb nacHiifl h nory6Hjn» 
poAHoro j[fijifO. IIocTOflHHO oKpyaseHHuit npeAaHHUMB jrox^ni, 
oHi He Soffjicfl BHesannaro nanaAeHifl, ho flxi», saK^ exy 6ujo 
H3Bi^cTH0, MorB opoHHSHyTL Tarb He3aM%THo^ qro HHBaKan npe- 
AaHHOCTb He ocranoBHrb ero h botb cocTaBJiaeTCfl i^iafl ch- 
CTeMa, i^tiuft pfl^ npaBHJ'b, cji%A7ff BOTopuMi, flrejio Ha- 
Atercfl H36%rHyTb OTpaBjeniff. Oh'b ho nberx behb h onra- 
Rnxi> oxM%Jiflioiip[xi HanBTROBi, HOTony nno ^acTO orpaBiflJH, 
HOJbsyflCb oHbflHeHieiTb Ttxi jhi^'b, orb KOTopuxi xortiH ii3- 
6aBHTbCfl; OH'b ifo^wn xopornia, cjiaAKia rpyuiH, ho iCTb vrb 
yRpapoH), cdMi cpuBaa ci A^peaa hjh j6ifjnBmECh^ ^T0 ont 
npHroTOBjenu He ajia nero, bto ohi A^aerb noTOMy, mo qacro 
OTpaaiflJiH nocpeACTBOirb hioaobi; no loft sse npiraiHft ohi 
npHHHuaerb OAesAY) nocyAy, ho&h e Bce neoSxoABMoe nu 
CTOJia TOJbRO Hsi pyrb oco6o A<ifl Toro HasaaqeHHiixi, BnoiHfe 
eMy npeAaHHUxx jdoaoM. Bi AOBepmeHiH) CBoeft 6e3onacHOCTH 
oHi npHBasuBaei^ e&eAHeBHO CTBBHTb na CBoeirb cxoiib, bl 
cocyAl^ Hd'b qHCTaro sojoia , pacTonie Ophioglossum Tnlgatom 
(langue de serpent), KOTopoe aojsho 6biJ0 napajrasHpoBaTb ry- 
CHTOJEbHoe A^ttcTBie hab, ecu ohi, nawb HHSyAb^ Oyxerb un 
npHHaii, He CMOipfl na bc% odnaqeHHUfl npeAOCTopoxHOCTH. 

CfiOJIbRO H3BtCTH0, BTO paCTeHie BOBCe He HHfieT^b TOft CMH, 

SBRyH) npHHRcuBajTb eMy flreuo; rbri RaaceTca, oho wAen 
CBoitcTBO saaRHBJiflTb, BaTflrHBaTb pBHU, HO, ROHeqHO, flrejio 
omuSajicfl, noTOHy hto oniHSaMCb ero coBpeMeHHHRH. ^^^. O^eHb 
MoaseTb 6uTb, mo noAoOnafl, Btqnafl aaOoxa o npeAOTspan^eHiR 
RaRofi TO HeBHAHMofi oHacHocTH BHymoHa Sum eiiy MaxepbH), 
BJiiHHie ROTopofi Boo6qe chaho OTSbiBaeTca Ha jioSHMOM'b cbiHl6; 

efl TO H3J[HniHefi Hi^aBHOCTH H SaSOTJIHBOCTH «H3HqecR0in» 

TOJibRO BOCHHTaHiH o6fl3aHi> flrouo nojH'bftmHsrb OTcyTCTBieirb 
BCflRaro o6pa30BaHifl , bcarhxi CB^A^Hitt : oh^ ne yMti% hi 



~ 115 — 

wTBTb, HR imcaTL, RpoMft pyccKaro (h, BOHeqHo, nTOBcnaro) 
H6 3Hajn» HRffasHxi asEiKOB'L H mtue no nojibCBH HeBEiy^ouofl 
roBopHTb xopomo; a Mesexy tkwh jurroBCKie RHfldba euAme ao- 
craTOMHo cpeKCTBi f,M ofipasoBamfl h He HysAaucb bi yqH- 
Tejaxi, KOTopux'L jieiKO HaxoxHiH B'b nj^HHUi'L HJH Ao6po- 
BOJBHO SibsaBinHXi wh hrmi puii[apffX'E. Otoi^ flreua (ujtl 
BoeoHTaB^ pm^apeMii, KOToputt, nonaBi wb hcbojh), aobatb j&tb 
njTL npH popi rexHMHHa, b^ saqeciBt yqirejifl ero cu- 
HOBett. ^^^ /IJBOiopoAHuft OpaTi ero Bhtobtii, KpoMft qTema h 
nflCbMa , BHaji^ hbush Hiiieipsift h oi^acTe jiaTHHCRiil ^ qeiiy 
Hayqflica y CBoero BocmiTaTeifl , opxeHCRaro pui^apfl ^ FaHHo 
0. BHHAeHrettMa , cnepaa niftHHHKa, a noioirb Apyr& BeftcTy- 
Toaa, mBmaro vb TpoRaxi, no cbmoS CMepTH; ^^^ ecxb j^ame 
HSB^cTle , ^TO Bhtobti He tun qyiSAi Ttx^b aayqHUXi 
ii03Hamit , ROTopmiH pacnoiara ja Eapona XIV h XY hi- 
ROB'b : HBBtcTHui aHrjiit(»iit SorociOBi , Tonacb Bajb- 
A6ffb ^ BHaMeHHTuft CBomra cnopave c^ ryccHxaHn h BHRie- 
MCTaMH^ ROToparo Ropon aHTJottcRift FeHpHxi V yooipeSjifljrb 
AJfi neperoBopoB'b iiesAy opACHoirb h flrexioMi^ Hpofiuji irb- 
ROTopoe BpeMfl opn jsfio^t Bhtobtb, HacxaBJiflfl ero Bi HCTimax'b 
xpHCTiaHCTBa H, qio BecbMa bI^pobtho , nepeAaaaii eny h APy- 
rifl cboh CBftA^Hifl. ^^^ CxpaHHO 5bijo 6u npepoJiaraTb nocil^ 
dToro, ^0 flreuo, jiioGHMutt cimii, npeAHasHa^eHHutt iiapcTBo* 
BBTb, jonnevb 6iijrb cpeACiBi Kb oOpasoBamio h A^ScTBHiejib- 
Ho, m BCTpi^qaeifb cbra^t^^ctbo, qxo npnA^TflXb OArepAa 
6iUH yqiTen h yiHTejD»HHii[u no padHUirb npeAMeraHi. ^^^ 
Hmero, OAHaRosrb, He annuo m% hxi ycHiift h Sibim oc- 
Tucfl BHqero He3HaK>ntnirb, He yMi&H)n][HM'b Aase qnraTb h nn. 
caxb^ BipoflXHO noxoHy, qxo ntasHafl Haxb, He asejiafl yxoMUXb 
wSHiiaro CEina yqenieirb, HsSaajifljia ero on xpyAOBi, roxo- 
pue, flfime no mh^hIio flsuqnHRa Beitcxyxa, 6ujih hooOxoahmu 
H nojKBHU ero flbtnwb. 9xa OesnopflAOMHocxb aocnHxanifl h 



— 116 — 

paacjiaSifliontee Bjnflme OespascyAHoft HETepHiiCBoft jiioSbh o6t»- 
flCHaerb BdJimiHee cyeei^pie Hreua h MHoria neonpex&ieHHUit 
^epTU B^B ero xapanepi^. FoBopaTi, ^ito ohi hm^jtii npeao- 
cioAHoe cepAi^e, tun Ao6p% h MaroRi, ho Ao6poTa ero Becuia 
CTpaHHUifL ofipaaoHi ysHsaiacb ch secTOROcxbio i jificmyaB- 
MOM^ ; Ha nepBUXi nopan CBoero caiiOAep&aBHaro npaBjema 
Bi JIiTBt ^ caiTB cosxaBi ce6% ij^MKb desnoRoMoTBi h Tpeeon 
CBOHiTb noBexeHieHi oTHOCHxejiiiHO BeficTyra, owh ci piaor 
TOJibHOCTUo, qacTO OTjnqaionteiD cjiaOuxi jrioffett, SepercH sa 
canifl asecTORifl cpexcTfia, qxofoi ycrpanrb mn se nopos- 
AOHmifl 3aTpyAHeHifl: OHi yMepm^BJifleTi abaio h noKymaercE 
Ha asHSHb 6paTa, ci soropuMi, ipoiii^ poACTBa, Ctm CBflsaHi 
ApyasSoH). PasApa&aflCb fp S'bmeHCTBa, owb nocTynaerb Tail, 
Barb HHKOFAa 6u He nociynHjrb B'b cnoRoikHOH'b coctorhih. ^^' 
CA'bJiaBniHCb Kopojien nojibCRni, Kopoiesii orpaHHqeHHiwB, 
OHi Tflasejo CHOCHTb BTo orpaHHieme h ROTAa RpecTbRiie oa- 
Horo H3i cej'b, HpHHaAJieBaBmHi'b rH%8HeH<»oil apxieDHCRonin, 
OTRasuBanrb eMy, na ocHOBaniH npiBHJieeBi, wh craipH^ owb 
npHRBBUBaeTi chjiok) 8a6paTb y hrx'b see HeoSxoAnoe jm 
Hero H HHorowcjieHHott cbhth. BnpoqeMi, bo BTopoft noioBHRt 

CBOett 8H3HH flrOUO A^ftCTBRTOJIbHO A^JtA^CR HflnO H CHRC- 

xoAHTejibHi&e, ^ito o&bffCHReTCfl cb OAHoft cTopomi HeofillHHOBeH* 
Huirb cqacTieiTb) HeoOuRHOBeHHUMn ycn%xaMH, Roropuxi ohi 
AocTHraeTi Seai BCRRaro xpyAa , a cb Apyrott h tbvb^ no 
nojtbORie naHBi, ne sejiafl Hii^Tb rocyAapa caHOAepnaBHaro, 
CAcpftHBajEH wh HeiTb ero A^cnoTRqecRie n secroRie nopbiBU. 
JerRo npojmBaBmitt cnaqajia name RpoBb poAPTBeHHHHOBi, ovb 
yatacaeTOH BnocjrbACTBin jmfflHTb amaHH ocysA^HHaro fla CMepib 
npecxynHHRa, noiony qro ero MyqATi BocnoMRHaBie o cMepxH 
BeficTyia; ohi OTJiaqHO HarpasA^^i^'^ BCflRyio sacjiyry h cBoei) 
Q^eApocrbK) niMerb bohhobi ^oAt xpaSpHMH, a aAMRHHcipa- 
TopoBi— 6ojri^ HCRycHUMH, noTOHy qro OH'bcaM'b neA^^RTejieHi 



— 117 — 

H pajri> HarpaxxaTb rixi, ROTopue ji!bmMyn ero f^bio, a evy 
no3BOJfli>Ti jAwnhCE ; HO E iqeApocTE ero , ee ynpaBJiaeiiaff 
pa3cyxK0Hi, Bnaxaen wb BpeAayio apaMHOcTb^ nepexoffim wh 
pacTOYiiTeAHOcn. IIojbOKie jifeToiniciqi npaMO roBopsTi, wo 
ofTb xanain 6ojAe^ ^twb nodsou jh cpoACTBa OTpami r hcto- 
n^aa Tasmi oftpaaoHi rocyxapoTaeHiiyio Kaaey, He wnAji'h ffi- 
Hen Ba Heo6xoABMoe. SaMSH h KptaooTi!, aaqifliaBmie naee- 
aeHie, paBB&iuajnreb, HoroHy no He 6u jo epeACTBii hxi> nox* 
AepmBaxb; xpoHft Tore iqexpocrb ero lacio o6paqaiaob he 
mtfA sQAOCToJtHUX'L ^ HHwro ho HpHHecniHxi na nojiBsy 06- 
nqri). Aobouho 6um npinaAJiexaTB b'b ero RpysBy, bii MHciy 
mjifilk^ B63Aft ero coopoBOSAUuiHX'B , hoaoOho emy aj^hhbuxi 
a HextflTeumm, wto6u noj[y«Tb Bci BOSMOSHUfl Harpa^u; 
enie Sojrifce ocunadHCb kuocthmh xoBapHiip ero oxoTHnuix'E 
noj[BHroB':b. Qouciie nanu a npea^e OTJEHqaBmiaoa Bopacro 
jio6ieMii , ffopore npoAaBafiiuie oboh ycjiyra, e^tjiaiacb m/d 
saAH'be npH Areajii GeaispeiiOKHo BunparaiBajiH y nero paa* 
aaqHUfl nosajOBaHia Hpas^ hjih jifimn-^ SojbHiaa woti> rpa* 
Mon, HSAaHHUX'E orb RiieHa Areua, HenpeMftHHO coAepanrrb 
wh ceM laioe HiSyxb noaaiaoBaHie. '^^ JeEKOcrb n^jywHia 
aoAa^HH paaBHja B'b TorAamnrarb noacBOirb o6B^ecfBl^ Sea- 
HpaBCTBeBHyio spHBuqKy Oeanpecraafio npocHTb cefii^H pasuxi 
NfljoGxefl B Aaase flreuo, neounqaBHiiilcii ^poHH^aTeJIbBocTbIO, 
3aK6THJ['b TBBoe HanpaBjeflie h nojioaiRjrb ce6i 3a npaaajio 
AaBaxb ToibBO nojOBHHy xoro, qxo npoGHiH; paayMJ&eTCB^ Bocjit 
3Toro , oxaJH aaHpanraBaxb BABoe. Otcioa& *fi mobcti 6uTb 
oGiacfleHii APjroft oGu^aii^ BBopeHBBOiittcfl B'b Ho^bint, o6uqaft 
AftiaTb noAapBH: ocoGeaHO JHodoiHiiaHiinpRBOcnTb qxo HH6yAb 
Bi A&P*^ flrejuiy^ noxony qxo ohi BoerAa oxA^piBajTb axpoe h 
BqexBopo; xaBflse ki^eApo BOdnarpasA&^'B ohi b 3a wasuBaeHoe 
eny rocxettpiBMCXBO. PacxooBxejibBOcxb flreua xnixoAHja Aase ao 
lasott cxeneBH b^ cA'bJajacb xaBi oOiiteflaBtcxHa, qxo uana 



— 118 — 

MapTHHii V cnen CBoeio oSaaaHHOOTbiD HanoMHiTb eiiy o 6e« 
pesjHBOOTH Bi> pacxoAOBaHiH rocyAapcTBeHHaro aoctoabui. ^'^ 
He cMorpfl, oxHaKon , Ha dxo HeyM&ioe pacoopflxeme qeApo- 
cTbH), wb Bl^uyH) sacjiyry eMy mosho nociaBRTb, qro ohi» 
Bcerxa 6jaroAlbTej[bCTBOBajii» BAoaaHi , CHporaiTB h Bobn hc- 
THHHO EYmfl,eiV}mBMCE^ ROTopue npHxoAHJDi Kb Rexy 3a noMoqbio, 
qem corjiacHO CBHAi^ieucTByioirL Bcfi hctowhbh. GooOpasaa 
Bce cRasaHHoe 061 axoit qepTi^ xapaBiepa fireua^ hcboibho 
npHxopirL Ri saRJiioqeHiH) , qxo ohi cTapajica aaAapiiTii 
Bci^xii H Tiwb npHBflsaTb Ri C66% cepAAa cbohxi noMHHBUxi^ 

TaRb RBRb Vh COSCTBeHHOft JOTIHOCTK CBMl flC HaXOAHll Ra- 

uecTB'b^ ROTopufl BHymaio'Tb JuoSoBb H yaaseHie. B'b 9Toin> 
cjiyqal^ owb cocxaBJUiji'b coBepmeHHyio npoTHBynoJo&HOCtb ch 
BflTOBTOMi, ROTopufi tjiH)6HJ['b o6fl8iiBaTb SojTbe jiiqHoiD Gjiaro- 
CRJOHHOCTbio H np6AynpepTejbH0CTbH) , Hosejoi Aapau ^^^ 
Ttn B^poflTHte noAoSHoe npeAnojiosenie ^ qTo flrejiJio, B^po- 
flTHO co3HaBafl CBOH) yMCTBeHHyio CByffocTb B nocTOHHHO ona- 
caacb ypoHHTb CBoe aoctohbctbo, fiun oqeHb TpefioBaTeieHi h 
BafircRaxejieH'b bi p!bA Bupasesia BHl^mHRXi SHaROBi bhrib- 
Hiff H noqTHxejibHocTB; opAOHi iM^JTb MHoro nenpiflTHOCTett ot- 
Toro, qxo H-bROTopua Bupaneeia B'b oncbHax'b ero wb flreuy, 
noEasaiHCb nocAtjifL^wj rpySuMH h ocRopSnTeibHiiHH; ^^^ no 
TOHy 2K6 jieoShjii ohi> JiecTb, TBRb saRi co6cTBeHHoe, Ha no- 
jOBHHy 3aTaeHHoe , OBpuioe cosHaHie HexocTaTROBii npiaxHo 
nopasajocb pibqaMH, ee TOjibRO ne ynoMHHaBniRHR neAOcraT- 
Kaxi, HO npeBoaRocRBHiRMR HeOuBa^ufl AOCTORHCTBa. dra qepra 
xapaRTepa flrejijia oSiRCHflerb MHoria ero RaqecTBa: BUxeRaB- 
mae hsi Hea noAospRxejibHOCxb cxaBHJd ero noAi> ocoSohho 
GHJbHoe BJiiflHie jioAett, ^1^wb HuSyAb CRRCRaBmHX'b ero xoat- 
pio, cAtjaBmnxca ero npHSjiHseHHUMH ; paai yB^poBaai bi 
HMX-b, qacxo coiiHi&Baioqificfl h ROJieGjiion^ificfl, obi nocxynaji 
xaRii, RaR^ OHR sejiajiH, a ne Raai xpeOoaajiH o6cxoflTej[bCXBa; 



— 119 - 
oTCioAa flCHo BHAHO, laKi qacTo Suean flrejio HrpymRoio 

CBOHXl npHSjHSeHHUX'b H RBKb JieFRO 6ujio nocjjbAHRM^ ODy- 

TaTb ero cbohmh HHTpnraMH. CiiepTb ReftcTyTa, ho flCHOMy 
cMucjy HCToqEnoBii , ecTB A^Jio AOBibpeHHUxi an'b flreua, 

HO 9T0 HHCKOJDiBO HB yMeHblDaeTB CrO BHHOBHOCTH, nOTOMy qTO 

o^HHi oB'b Morb xaTb nwjAflfieey osoH^axejbHoe npHRaaaHie. 
A ciojibRO xepn&iH otb ero HecaMocTOflrejbHOCTH h noAOspR- 
TejbHocTM ero sbhu; ^ase Heo6uRHOBeHHo crporaa ausHb Ha- 
BHFH , ROTopyH) BejEB OHa uocjA 6paRa , He cnacia ea oTb 
oOBReeHifl bi Heai^pROCTH; AORaaaHHafl necnpaBeAiRBOCTb dToro 
oSsHHeHifl H6 HOMtniajia Areuy najioxHTb TaRoe se naiHO aa 
MecTb cBoeft BTopoit R, nosAHte, qerBeprott cynpyrn. dra jer 

EOCTb, d ROropOH) OHli OTHOCHJICR Rl HXl A06pOHy HMeHH MO- 

sen ciysHTb jiyqniHirb AOfiaaaiejibOTBOM'b , qTO ori hp jio- 
5JUI Rii^ Aa R OABa jr ohi Gun cnocoGen'b j[H)6RTb? Bi 
omomeRiRX'b Kb seRqHHaH'b Sieuo oTJiR^ajicfl touro hsjihui- 
HeB) qyacTBeHHocTbio: nepesRBi qeTupexi seHi, ohi narpaaEAaji'b 
CBoei) gjarooRjioHHOCTbi) r mrofrxi juo6obhri^i; BTopyio seHy 
CBOiD, Aflfly , oRii He iioGhji^ lOJibRO HOTOMy , ^To OHa 6uj[a 
He xoBOJBiHO xopoma co6ott^ xort ji paaaecTRCb ci neio r AOJiro 

C«p)(HICR Ha TiX'b, HOTOpue HOCOBtTOBaJIR BMy Ha Rett SeRRTbCfl. 

BjDRBte BaM'bieHHaro HRHH HeaucoRaro npeACTaBjeaifl o cbo- 
uxi> cnocoGROOTflxii nporiaAUBaerb r bi uojiRTRqecRRXi pac- 
nopflseaiflX'b flrejua^ OB'b o6uRROBeHHO Aepnajcfl BuasRAaiejib- 
Haro, He pteRaro o6pa8a A^ficTBitt, a jih)6rho8 ero noroBopRofi, 
ci) ROTopoit oRi o6paHtajLCfl aa boMh^ ri cojiAaTaHi, Oujo. 
'BanepeA^ HO nopuBaitcfl, HaaaAR He ocTaBaficflii, t. e. ne 6po- 
caltcfl Ra Bpara ei nopuBRCTOH), ace saGuBaion^eio xpa6pocTbio^ 
HO BusRAatl cjyvafl nopasRib ero tbr^, qTo6u caHOHy ocTaxb- 
ci i^'bjuH'b. ^YToe ero j[H)ORMoe npncjiOBbe: t cjiobo BUJOTaerb 
Bopo6beRii , a BOdBpau^excfl bojiomi • , ne cooTBtTCTBoaaJio ero 

HpRBWRt Rl> 6OJITJRBOCTH , BCJ^ACTBie ROTOpolt OHl 06 HOri* 



' 



— 120 - 
HHqero yrtHTb k qaexo B&r6ajiTiiBaj[i sasHUfi rocyAapcTBeiHiiiB 

TaROBa HpaBCTMHHafl iBqaocTb qejios^sa, ROToparo no 
JTRRH npHdUBajH la xpovb , xoTfl B'b HeMii HC 6ujio HH^iero^ 
niwb ffiimeE% OTWiaTbea Ropoib; ae xoisho, opaRosi xy~ 
Maxb) MTO nojiflRH omfl^jucb, ae pasoMOTpl^ xopomo^ ci KtMi> 

HM^DTB A%*30; HanpOTHfili, OHH 3Ha4H , UTO npHSUBaeilUft MliH 

KasBb, wjioB&Ri npooTaro, Aaase cjia6aro fMa, *^^ veiOB^rb 
6e3xapaRT6pHfiifi , ho dxo to h 6uio hmi aysHO , noTOHy «ito 
npa TdRoirb Ropoji ohb gmI^o MorjH pacuTUBaiii na eaie 
Souimse pacmnpeHie cbohxi, h Sesi loro miq^ORHX'b, npaai n 
BOJiiiUOCTefi HecHoxpa aa cocToaameeofl BpHSBaHie, eoBpeiiea- 
HHiH BecbMa HeyBaasuTejibHO oTHOcHiBCb wb flreiJiy h aaxo- 
ABiH ero HOAOCToMHUM'b aaHBMaeiiaro Hirb oojioiReHiB^ HSBtcr- 
Huft Ah'B RpoBH^^jio ^ eimcRoni ByflBCBiS h Rnasb onojbCRiiL, 
napya oAHaffiAU bo Bpoi^JiaBt cb HiniepaTopoirb CHrBBMyBAOirb, 
TBKb OTBiqaj'b cMy, sorxa nimepaTopx, paBropfl^eHHiitt bihomi^ 
cjiHinRoiTb yaae mhoi'o xaaiHJica cbohmi saojiyraMH i^epRBH a 
rocy^apcTBy: «qT0 xu roBopHmb o c&OHX'b aacjyrax'b^ Korxa 
xaRtte^ saRi flrejjio^ HRMero ne HMlbemb bi ce6% RopoieBCRaro, 
BpoM% XHxyjia; o6a bhi HOAOCxoitflu cbohxi RopoH^b h hAcxo 
Bame Heathy cJiyraMH, noxonry qxo o6a bu aeBOjrbHHRH cbobxi 
cxpacxeft, owh wb oxox*, a xh ri xfiJiecHum yxfixaiTB, rocy- 
AapcxBa se xpHCxiaacRia npoaaAaioxi noAi* aaniBM^ ynpaBjie- 
Ekwb. EcjiH 6i)i a HM'bJii BJiacxb on Bora, xo HusoAa 6u He 

XeOpHJ'b CHTHSHyHAOB^ HIH HVQUOm^^ a BCerAB OAHBX'b TOlb- 

KO EnxoaxoBi*. ^•^ 

Ri AOBepmeHiH) xapdRxepHcxBKH flreua hu aojkbq npH- 
6aBnxb, Mxo HSBi^cxifl, npHBOAHHua bc^mh jAxohhcimh o npo- 
cxox% ero OAesA^, o He^noOBH m> yRpameaiaiTb hsi soioxa n 

AOpOFHX'L RBMeHbeB'b, HO COBCtol Bi^pflU; Cb OAPOfi cxopoBU, 

Mu SHaeHi), qxo OH'b noAapHJii Onuxay cboh caBAaalB, fioraxo 



— nt - 

fffpameram BaHewhmi ^ Cb npjnfb regestr'n scar^w'iM m^ 
xaHHue Umesjiiii^flini, jfpwmiumn pasHooifrae i 6ora«no' ero 
rapxcpoto: erommaBiiiMuicb hsi^ Sapaara, auMiftesaFO h 6pih 
ceiboiaro cyKHa^ nrryn KOTopoiv ra to apeHfl cto]ua22' rpwHU, 
TTO, no BttOGieHMD ^quiro , aoeraBiatni 1&56* noJiMKntb 

3iOfUX%, (lipHHiniaH I^i^HHOCTb MOHetU lOHl^a XYIII ODM£Tia)» 

Ha Doxuaxay yaerpeSafl^aeb TaoTa ^ a ffyrki qaora soonMa 
A^jiajDicb iBi axaaea m paaauxit me^Roauu MarepiS; Bcrpftqa- 
iOTCfl Aase, coBepmoHHD ai uporaBfiMTb ynopsA^aw Jl^yrouia^ 
KaaraHu, ntHTiie aoioroiii. Era oBpyasaMqie Oua ihtobi^u h 

« 

enqe CojAe pyeoRie; CAiuuiByuicb Kopojen'L noACtWB) obii He 
3a6iui» GMero npesflfiro rocyAa()CTBa, eseroiwio npoao/vm OHit 
Bi eeH'b no Hi^oAEy HlC'fl^0Bll h ooxpaB8i[i> Bxyc^ bo ace^ 
My pycesoiy , BoymeHHiil eiiy KanrepBH) : oiboiIo Hero mu br- 
jtmrb pyocfiD'B moapett^ t. e. ceBperapeit^ paforaBuiie hb lero 
peHecaeHBHSB— pyccHie n nase bi> aoKyconi owh ocTaeroB at* 
peai Tony, rb ^eiiy. npHBUKi , sibb MMtxy pyccHHiitf : TaB^, 
no cBHAtxejUiCTBy AJryroma , ohi yipafflan nocrpoeBBUB Hm 
Bi DoAmib i^epBBfl rpeiecEOK eByjibniypoft , t. e. TaBoi, ko* 
Topaa npexno^Biaiaeb pyeesHioi; oro npexaopHue MysuRBiiTb}, 

JIOTHHGTU H ^JldhSCTU SbUH TBKSe pyOOBiC ^^^ 

TasoMj BEeflixy Aooraaajiacb aeBlcra, nopasaBuafl cboch) 
MOMAOCTbD, Bpacof 01) H o6pa30BaHiaiii, xoTopoe 6ujo AOCTynHO 
tfb TO BpeHB; eft mejii 1 5-tt roAi; ai i^i^tii^ Mipt, roaopHTb 
/I.jyrom'b, ho 6iiUio noAoSnofi RpacaBHUiU, a^ m mAnm Banoa* 
cRaro, ee mosho 6uio epaaurrb TOJbRO ca aHaMesHfOfi Ejienoft 
rpe^ecKoft; ^^^ bo ae oahh nojBRH BocxHntaiHCb oaoeft Ropo 
leaofi, H aa rpaHHiteft upocjaajKaiH ea napysHOCTb; ai HiajiiH 
TAi fflme He BHajw ea hmouh h HaauaajH ee no HMeHH OTi^a, 
roBopHJDi, vro BO BCftrb cTpaaaxi CB/bTH 6uja rpoMRa mojbb 
6AH6TaTejbHoft Rpacoo^ Kopojeaiii JwdMnu. dra MOJaa 6ujhi 
npH^niHOH), ^To RpaROBCRift ABopi> 6ujii> BOCToaHflo nepenojaeai 



— 122 — 

HHocTpaHi^aMH, KOTopue Hapowo npitosajH^ qTo6i nocMOTpftTb 
Ha RopojCBy ipacaBHi^y* '^^ BocoffraHa ona Suja vb Bftai, 
rA& nojywja qHcro caibTCRoe, t. e. 6ojft6 emsl MeHte, BBfem* 
aee BOcnBrame. BjiiiHifl, soTopua oapysaiH ee bi cTOJHitt 
AscrpiH, MoryrB 6hnb HasBaHU anojiH'b HeOjaronpiaxHuiai; npa- 
iri^pi aacTpiJiCEaro BHaafl, AjibSpexxa, npa nBOfi soxoparo asBJa 
Aj(BHra , epa jh Mon flay^RTb ee qeiiy HB6yAb. AjbSpeiTb 
He aaHHMajicfl Ai^jiaMH npaBieniH , offb npoBopjrB baoe apeMa 
HiH Ha6j[H)A&fl Teveaie HeGecHUX'L cvbTWb^ hju crpoa ce- 
61^ pocsomHue ABopipii, ORpyasafl hii> npeRpacBUHH caAaiiH, 
ycxpaHBaa aaibpHHitu h aoAoapoBOxu hjih, HaEOHeAi>, aauHpaacb 
wb KapTesiaHCBifi MOHacTupb , rj^ coBpymajcfl o rptxaxi* ceo- 

HXl, npH HBWb HHKTO He CMl^JTb HadUBaXb CFO HHB^e^ RBiTk 

•6paTb Ajb6pexTb>. PeaHrioanuft ^aHaiHairL, pasAyB&^vuit 
RapTeaianaMH, aacTaaian ero, no buxoa^ hsi MOHacTupa, ci 
6iaroqecTHBO]o apocTbio HaSpacuaaTbca aa eBpeeai h t6xi, 
KOTopue Sun hbb^cthu caoeio neTaepAOCTbD bi> atpi^ h epe- 
THqecRHMH MHi^HiaHH. HecqacTHue nonSaju Ha ROCTpaxi ujui 
BtqauMi aaRJiioqeHieirb nuTHiHCb sa caoSoAy pejHrioauuxi 
yStsAemJi. TaRHirb oSpaaoirb, Rnaaio Aj[b6pexTy pi&nuiTejbao 
He 6bij[o apeHeHH sanaTbca HajieHbRoio flABHToft, ab h »o 
cyn^ecTBOBaBHiHM'b B'b bi to apeMH noHaiiaM'b, aeHCROiiy aoc- 
HHTafflH) He npHAaaajDi (ojibmaro aaaqeHia: ji,u mmb bucoro- 
HOCTaaieHHUX'b oho enopi^e 6uao ap^cchpobroA , npiyqaBuieii 
Hxi A^psaTbCfl wb ETb SyAyqeifb bucoromii aojioaEeHui, coo6- 
paano TpeSoaamairb npHABopHaro aTHRexa. Ob APf roft CTopoau^ 
canoe oSn^ecTBO BtH(»oe ne mofjo HOAtficraoaaTb aa nee 6jia- 
roTBopHUMi H paaBHBBioqHM'b oSpaaoiTb; 9to oGqecTBO, nocTfl- 
BHBmee caoeio aaAaqeft bo3hosho aeceiie npoaoAHTb apeHfl, 
OTJQiqajocb AB^OHO ne HpaacTaeHHUH'b xapaRxepoMi, oho oRa- 
3aj[o 6u HOJoaHxeibHO apepoe ajiianie, ecjH 6% ero GesHpaa- 
CTBeHHOCTb , ero crpacib wb yAoaoucTBiaiii ne HCRynaiacb 



- 123 — 

HicKOJiiiBo TOH) pejmmdBOGTJbiD , tkwh SjiaroqecTieMi, lOTopufl, 
He cMOTps m BHAHMoe npoTBBypfi^e, cocraufliorb 0AH7 h81i 
wpTB, xapaKTepH8yH)]n[HXi cpeAHie eibia. IIoxo6ho Tony , BaRi 
KHflSb Aii»6pexTB BApyrb ocTaBJun cboh jdOhmub daHaria h 
sanepajCH vb MOHacmpb, tbri h CBtTciie jdah CMftBfliH cbob 
myBflua h CeBflpaBCTBeHBua yAOBOJibCTBifl OiaroqecTiBmai boa- 
BHraMB MOiiTBH H BOBaaflifl. ^'^ SflaiOMue noApo6BO ci xb3 
Hbio flxBBTA, HU iioseMi> CMftio yiBepaKABTb, qTO oBpysaamaa 
ee (Tb A^i^CTBa OesBpaBCTBeHBOCTb Be Bocnyjacb ea ^BCTofi 
npapoAU y BaBpoTBBi BpeHOBBaa pejiHriosBocxb aecejiaro Bace- 
Jieflifl Btou flpBBBJiacb bi aett tbbi chubo^ ^to yae aa 15 
roAf ee Ba3biBaH)rB oco6eBBO 6jiaroMecTBBOft b npeAaBBoit Bbpt. ^^ ^ 
Bi Becejioi Biwk b eqe paabme B'b CToaai^i^ OTi^a cau* 
xaja flABHra abbbxi , cypoBUxi asu^BBBaxii UTOBi^ax^, 

KOTOpUXl Bli EspOBi XIY fi^BB , 06bIBB0BeBB0, BBSUBaJB CB- 

pai(HflaHB ; BSBftcTifl 061 Bxi aKecTOBBXi flaStraxii bb Ilojib- 
iny^ flpBqnBfleMOMii bmb pasopeBiB, ae mofjio BoaOyABTb b^ 
ea HOioAOM'B cepAi^i^ AoSpmii wh uawb qyacTBOBBBift, b bo- 
Stxaafl BtcBb BibBCBaro flodia GyxeBBBpTa , BOTopuS cbhii 
y^acTBOBajTb wh BpecTOBOCBOHi noxoAl^ bb Jaray, aocBiBaa- 
maa BOAo6Hoe se sai^pcTBo pui^apefl, Suja BucjymBBaeMa Aa- 
BBroM cb co^yBCTfiicHii b yAOBOJibCTBieM'b, ^^^ Hobbtbo , ^to 
Hucjib 6paBi& Cb BBaseHi btbxi 6e36oBSBUX'b capaipiBOBii 
HHEOFAa Be BpflXOABja ett bi roJOBy , t^mi 6oji%e , uio yse 
Bi 1378 r. coBepBiBJica upeAaapBiejibBbiS Spaqaufi oSpaA'b, 
coeAHHflBBiitt ee ci BBCTpificBBMii KBBseii'b BBibreibMOftii>. IIo 
o5yqaH) cpeAflBxi Bi^BOBb^ OTei;^ BajibrejbHa, repitori JIoo- 
noAAi, BOOTB Torqaci bo posAeaifl cuaa , ctbjh upiflCBBBaib 
eay aeBftcTy ^ BOiopaa CBOBH'b BpBAaauM'b b poACTBeBBUMB 
CBfl3HBB coA^ttCTBOBajia 6bi B^ BOSBbimeBiH) B ycfljeaiio aa- 
crpificsaro aomb. IIpeasA^ Bcero owb oSpaTBji^ cbob BCBaaia bi 

OAUOft B31> AO^^P^fl JIlOAOBBBB H BMeBBO TOJt, BOTOpofi BaSBQ- 



— 124 - 

q&iacb BeHTeposafl Kop^ia^ ftpaKi Bou^reAMa ci btoio xowpbD 
J[H)AOMRa coepHHJTb 6u aBCTpiiioKifi BiaA^Hifl ei cocftxB^io 
Beerpiefi ii umawb o^pasoHi noc^yxH^i 6u n ocHOBaHlio 
Moryo^OTBeuaro i t)6mHpHaro rocyAapoTsa. 06oH)AHocTb bu- 
roAi yeifi^aia yootxon^ CTapama Jteonojurxa , noroHy qro 
JLiojifimn vaase HaioxH.i'B nojeaHUMi Buxaib HjsjmTj aa aa- 
CTpificsaro repD^ora b ^ipeaii to coeAHHHTb ero Bjaxi^Hia ctl 
CBoeio Beflrpieil. Ilocji^ npo^OiiiKHTejibHux'B neperoBopoB%, bi> 
1378 roAy, Rorxa Buibveawb h ApHra A0OTflr;iH 7mh JttT- 
Hflro Bospacia, bi aBCTpUtcKOHi vofof/b rafiH6ypr% noci^jio- 
Baja 6paviafl i^epeiiomii. TopasecTBeHHufi pe«uirio3Hufi oOpaxi* 
saBJUowncfl pocBoaifliiiii'& aHpoui b 6aA0Miby no oKOfl^aHiH bo- 
Toparo ceMHJiTBie cynpyra 6uj[b otbc/^hiiI bi 6paqHyio boh 
HBTy H flOJioaseey^ oahb'l eeoxji^ APyi'^i'o^ aa Gpa^HoiTL jiost. 
Gi 06^X1 CTopevL 6£Uo BasHa^eao npoAanoe wh cyuib 200000 
qepaoBBUxii a^ioiux'b a CA'buflo paonopaseaie, qio^ wb ciyqat 
cMepiH OABoro asi cynpyroax, ocTaBmiftca wb shbuxi nojy- 
muTb BCK) cyMMy, bi» 400000 sjiotuxi. dTOTi> Spaqflufl o6- 
pBAi> 6ujn> TOJibBO BKbinaett i^epeMOHieft , Tas'L bbsi 6paBi 
MexAT ceMHJitTiHMH cynpyraMH He Mon B03'LiMlkTi» A^ttcTBB- 
xeibHaro SHa^eflia a noTOMy ycjioBH^HCb B08o6HOBHTb ero ^peai 
5 i^Tb, KorAB o6B'6BqaHHaa napa AOCTHrHCTii 12 JitrB, t. e. 
BOdpacia, BOTopfiitt^ wb cpeAaie a^Ka, oco6eHflo vh ceiieftcTBaxi 
rocyAapefi, cuiajca AOCTaTOWUMii hm sauioqeBia cynpyxec- 
Raro ooH)3a. Rbbi 6u ue AOB'bpaa A^naoMy o61^n^aHiiD, Bupa- 
seuHOMy AOByHeHTajbHO , o6t ciopoau pimajiH BOcnuTUBBTb 
JlABHry Bii BtH'b, rA& oaa Mor^a npacMoxpl^Tbca wh HtMei^sflifi 
o6uMaflHx, xaBse poACTBeHaaBaMii a BejibMoasaM'b caoero ay- 
sa, a BonbrejibHa wh ByAaxi, vn/k owb mon oBRasoHHTbCH 
ci> BearepcBBMii CTpoeHi h nopaABaiia. Ilpofliiio oHTb itrij 
JIiOAOBHBi> ynepi- ero BAoaa, Bopo^ieaa EjiacaaeTa ae Hcno.i- 
HB4ia A^^fifl&ro o6:&n^aaia a fipasi aaajnoqea'b ae 6ujii> acji'bA^^Tfiie 



— 12B — 

efl fiepacnoioseaifl Kii aBCTpiitcffOMy 3flTn h HftBOTopuxx 06- 
CTOHTeibCTirB^ KOTopuxi Hu mwtaewh JimsLBEWb paonpoorpa- 
HSTbCfl; ^^* TftMi H6 Urate o6fl3aTejbCTBa ocTasajiHOb Kh noj- 
H08 CHJ% H pejHrioaiaa flABHra tbwh fiojle jiftimn^i taia 
cqaraTb eeSa cynpyroiD BHibrejbMa, too cona^ ea ci HHirB 
Curb ocBflii(6Hi i^epaoBbH). 

Coo6pa3HB% Bce pasciaBaHHoe , mu noHiwaeiix , qro ju- 
T(»Gsi6 ceaTU a<>'xhu Sujih npoRsaeoTH sa flxeury HeopiaTHoe 
BBMaf jfbHie , ho racEOJbso ae noTpeeoauH ea : consi cii 
BejbrejbMOMii -Baaaiica cioib KptoRHMi ^ mo saKJuqeHie 
Hoearo , BOHewo , Sujlo aeBosiioiSHo. Hh fi^raTue AHpu^ hm 
rpoMBABoe aaaqeHie CAtjaHHiii'b on mieBH flrejiJia oSiiqpBitf, 
HH spacHopftqie uocMOWh^ ^®'— anio ho Miffjo HaiiftHETb bsmi- 
xa HOJOAott Kopoieau aa ea noioaieHie h aa otosaTCuibCTBa, 
cBadiuaBiina ee oi BHjbreibMOMi. yaaaaBi aa hhxi, oia vb 
Tose BpoMH npoAJosHja noconcTBy o6paT£Tbca Kb ea nav^E, 
KOTopaa, T&me CBadaaaaa otH^ntaHiaiiH, usEHwa aBCTpiMoaouy 
KOMy^ no ea MHtmio, HeMoria corjacHTbca ua npocbfiy firem, 
HOTOMy mo ea corjiacie 6bM0 Gu BtpoiOMCTBOiTB. IIo eoTe- 
cTBeHHOHy qyacTBy yaaseHia vb xaTepH caoeft KopojeBU, noib- 
esie oaau ae npoTHBuacb nepetxaqi a^aa hb pimeme baobu 

JfOtAOBHEa, ex KOTOpOlO, MMKb MU BHAtJH, OHH ySO CrOBOpH- 

MSKth oTHOOHTeibHO &eHHxa ea Aoqepa. Si jnnoBCEony nocojib- 
CTBy ^ M8 ycBopeaia neperoBopoBi , 6ujui hphabhu nojOiCKie 
aaHu: Bioxao 031 OrpoABOHi^a , Haaojafi Boropia a Rpbothhii 
HBii Ocrpoaa. Knaab BopHCb, KOTopoMy CaHpreMO, no oSctoh- 
TencTBaMi OTOSBaHHufi Bii JbiTfiy, nepeAajtb caoe noiHoiioqie, 
o6paTHi6a iTb KopojieBft EjucbbbtI^ cb TopsecTaeHHoio pft^bK)) 
vh KOTopott roBopHJiii sejiamH HHoraxii rocyAapeit Bottra wb 
poACTBeaayK) CBa3b ci flrejiJioMii a oGpaxHTb ero ai aaiojiH- 
qecTBO; HeyAaBmeeca axi ycHJbHUii'b CTapaHiflHi Rceiioryqitt 
BoTb npoAOCTaajiaeTii lenepb aopojeai^ , ooriacie aoiopott yM- 



- 126 - 

tLomvTb cjaBy Bosiio , opHHecerL necn oSoHirb napoxairb h 
ycMRTb nojibcffoe rocy^apcTBO. IIosTopHBi H3BftcTHUfl yase 
mwb oS^nqaHifl , Mes;^ soTopuMH Sujo TaBise ofiflsaTeJbCTBO 
BunjaTHTb BBJibrejibiiy 200000 qepBifflHUxi bj[otbixi», nocojTb 
BupasHJi'B HaffesAy, qxo BopojieBa ee 6y;(eTB npenaTCTBOBaTb 
coH)3y. BJiesyqeMy 3a co6oh) CTOJib SjaroTBopHiu nociftKCTBla. 
SopoieB^ EjiHcaBerb, BOTopaa otjdimho noHHHajia B&k Buro;(u 
jHTOBCBaro Spasa, ocraBaioGb hjh saEqia^aTb Hsrepecu Bub- 
reAMa h bi laBoirL cjiyqa^, npH hsbI^cthohx efi Horyn^ecTBfe 

UOSbCJSBTb MarHaTOB'B H AyX0B6flCTBa, DOGTaBHTb CBOH) fffi^ 

wh onacBOCTb norepaTb Bopony, uh, oiBasaBniHCb orb aBcrpii- 
CBaro 3fiTfl, CA^iaibCH HapyniHTejibHHiteio saBiioqeHHiii'b xo- 
TOBopoB'b. Ho aptJioiix H npoAOJiasHTejbHOirb oficyaBAeHur, oaa 
p'bniHJcacb hb nocitAflee h OTBi^qajia jorroBCBonojibCBOKy bo- 
coACTBy ) ^To ofla corucBa hb ace , qro Moserb nocjiynTb 
BO 5j[ary pejmriH h BopojeaciBa nojbCBaro h bm£ct6 ci t^itb 
BupasHJia seiasie, ttoSi Bopojieaa fl^BHra h noibcsie naau 
nocTynaiH corJiacBo (yb TpeSoBaaieirb 9thxi» Banraxii Hflre- 
pecoBi. ^^* BosBpan^eHie nocjiOB'b ci TaBimii SjiaronpiBTHUirB 
OTBtTOH'b noojiyasBJio npHqimoH) cosBaaifl cefiiia wb RpaiOBt 
AJifl oBOBqaxejibBaro oScysA^Bifl npepojiaraeHaro coB>8a ci Jhr- 
BOH). Ha BToiTB ce&Hl^ npHcyrcTBOBajDi ho^th . HCBJOOwreibBo 
MBJionojume , miBXTa aejoiBoft Honnm Buciajia oqeflb hckbo- 
TKL'h opeACTBBirreieft, OTqaciH noTOHy, qro cTpaaa ea Bce eB<e 
He ycnoBOHjacb orb BHyTpenHHX'b pasAopoBi, a oiqacTH h no- 
Tovy, qro, SiaroopiflTCTBya SeiioBHTy , ohb He Moria coqyB- 
CTBOHBO oTHecTHCb vb flieuy. Snafl, mawb jh&beo yae aeiacb 
vb nojibsy ero HHTpHra, mu mAm 6bi nomoe npaBO npepo- 
jiaraTb, qro o6cysA^BiecoBepmHTCfl 6biCTpo h BaHpA^iypa ero 
He BCTp^THTb conpoTHBjreHifl ^ BO Ha A^jii^ Bbimjio Hna^e: cefin 
npoAOJisajicH HeosHAaHHO jiflsro- h BUCBaaaHU Sujeh cbhub npo- 

THBynQJIOSHblH MHtHifl. OqOBHAHO He B(A 6um B'b HOJbBy 



- 127 - 

flreua; npoTHBHHiaHii ero Kasajocb Tflsejio HdOparb ea uoih- 
cRifi npecTOJi qyaseseinta n eapsapa , Korxa eiqe ecTB npe^- 
cTaBHTejm cTapoft noJiBCBoft peacTiH h sorAa, RpoM£ ehxi, 
KdToiHqecfiift npimi^'L AOMoraeiCfl nojbCKOil KopoHU. IIphSjih- 
seHHue flpHTH noAA^psirBajQi 9to irni^Hie , noTOMy qio 
3HaiH efl OTBpanieHie kii jnrroBCROvy khasid ; ho 6oj(Bniafl 
Sjaropaayiratfiaiafl^ no ciOBairi J^iyronui, qacib qjienoBi ceil- 
Ma dHeprHqecEH CTau na ero CTopoey, vh neuj nofiysxajH 
ee H6o6EJBHOBeHHo 6j[arifl uoaAjifirBiE^ BUTeBaBmifl mi> ero 
oStipaHift H ocoSoHHO pacnpocTpaaeHie xpHCTiaHCTBa measAy no- 
cjtAHEHH flauqHHRaHH Esponu. Ona onpoBeprja Bce, qio 6ujio 
cBaaaHO b'l nojibsy ApyrHxi saHAHA&TOBi: BuiAhveihWb aBcrpiik- 
csi& s SeMOBHTL MaaoBeiqdft , no ea HHfimio, ne mofjh npa- 
HecTH oco6eHHoft nojbdu KopojeacTBy^ norovy qro Bjiaxtnifl 
ni Majni, cpeACTBa nxi oqenb orpanaqeHU nne Moryrbyae- 
jDfqffTb MoryqecTBa Iloibmn; BjaxHCJiaBi onojibCKift) aa roto- 
paro Taase 6UJ0 ntcROJibRO rojocoB'b^ HapymHjrb i^iJOCTb 
rocyAapcTBa h 6ojri^e aaSoTUca 061 RHiepecax'b qemcaaro 
fiopou^ ^^wb cBoeiTb oieqecTBl^, jmroBcaift are iBHSb, sa- 
EaaqaBajiH ero ctopohhhrh , oStqaerca ynoTpeSaTb bcI^ cboh 
CHjra H HeHcqepnaeMiiH SoraicTaa aa nojibsy ptqn nocnojHTOtt. 
noBTopeaaoe hhh yS'bacA^nie, qTO Dojirbma npioSp^Terb Bl^qayH) 
HeyBRAaeiiyH) cjiaay pacnpocTpaaeHieM'b xpncTiancTBa MeasAy 

H3fiiqHHRaHH, UditjfJBiM BCfaXb npOTBBHHROB'L &TeUa H BSSpa-^ 

Hie ero cocxoajocb eAiaorjacBo. corjacia flpnrH roaopHTca 
Tan majio wb nojibCRBXi JitTonncax'b , qxo jerRO npHATB ri 
3aEj[H>qeB]io, qro aeiii noqTB ne saSoTBJiHCb. ^^^ 

P^^meaie cefima AOJisao 6uao nepeABTb flrejiJiy Tpoikaoe 
nocojbCTBo: ero nocjiu, fiuainie b% SpaaoBi a BeHrpia, noib- 
cKie naHU , conpoBOSAdBuiie axi Kb Ropojeat EjiHcafiex^ h 
nasoaei^^ BearepcRie, aaaaaqeaHbie nocjii^AHeH) Rb juiTOBCROMy 
BHaaio, qToSii oaa hofjih jaqao yAOcioBibpaTbca ai HCRpeaao* 



- 128 - 

CTH ero oGtiuaHift. B'b Bpe3&> vn% ohh 6iuh npHHxru flrei- 
jioMi, OHH HOJf wra OTb mvo flHei>MeHRoe noxTBepsAeme Bcero 
cj^janaro ero QocjiaMH^ bi» soTopoifb saBiioqajocb h hobto- 
penie <ero o6ftfiqaHift. ^^^ GRBpt^euo^ Bopsfi^T'L, Bhtobti r 
jfHHTBeHii npHJioReiieiii gbohxi iie<iaTeit Bupasaura coriacie ci 
Boieio 6paTa. Tbr'b aocTeneHHO ynH^TOsaxHOb na nyra flrejua 
Bo6 apenHTGTBifl £% fipaiy ero o% npeKpacHfeftoieio aseHnpffion 
CBoero BpeHeHH, soTopafl eqe opHHocHja eHy Tasoe 6oraToe 
npH^aAoe^ lo HMeHHO bi to BpeMH^ Borjia ace yae Kaaajiocb 
soHqerattHi H Sieuj ooTaaaiocb toibro npitxaxB wb Bpa- 
aowhy TyAa hbhjch onaefiuft pa Hero eonepHHEi, Ha Bpena, 
eoeepiieHHO HcnopTiBHiiil ero a^jo. 

Giyxi npeAnoiaraeMOMii (paei He mopb ho AOCTHrHyTB 
ftubrejbMa h, sone^HO, BoaOypn ero m^wb h onacenifl. Om> 

FH'bBaJICH Ha OaHOBl , HaCHAHO BUAi^BaBHffilli flABHry , Ha- 
XOpj'b HX'b B'&pOJIOtfHUMH HapyOIHTeUHH SaBJJBOqeHHUX'b Ao- 

roBoqpoBi H cmxajii Heo6xoAHHUMi» joiwo npeTecxoBaib npo- 

THBl THEOrO HaCHJUI. Owb HBHTCfl B'b BpaKOBl, EBE'L MyJTb 

sopoieBU H HacTOHT'b fla HOBTopefliH Spa^HoS i](epeifOHiH, nocit 
qero CAtiaercfl A^ftcTBHTejib^Hii oSjaAaTejieMi Rffinn h eff 
KopoHU. ^<*^ Ho 9T0 npeAnpiflTie, KasaBmeecH CToib lerKHirb 
wh BtHt) ORaaaiocb noqxH HeHcnojHHMEiirb bi SpasoBi^: nanu, 
EOTopim Bflibremrb pacqnTUBajrb nopasHTb, cMyxrab CBOHirb 
npnSbiTieM'b ^ A^ttcTBHrejbHO 6uiiH nopaiseHbi, ho coBepmeHHo 
HHaqe, ufiir& oel pacqHiiiBai'b. Ohi Hcnyrancb 3a cBoero 
saHAHABTa h ne CMOTpa Ha BBame npHSuBmaro, na ero npesma 
oTHomeHifl vb HTb RopoieBi) OHH ptrnHJEHCb fflme CHion boo 
npenflTCTBOBaxb ooyH^ecTBiemio ero HaMipenift; cioflBmitt bo 
rjiaai hxii, ^oSi^cuB'b mb RyposaeHR'b , RamrejifiH'b EpaROB- 
CKiil) sanepii npoAi* aBCTpificBHH'b repi^oroHii Bopoia EpanoB- 
csaro saMBa h OTBlbqajii cypoBuirb OTRaaoifb na act ero 
npocbOu. Ho HacHibCTBOHHutt oOpaai f^MGineiy BOBHosHuft 



- 129 — 

ci mocTpaHHiiiM'B npHHi^eiii, 6bui 6u ciwamowh j^epson no 
oTHomemio wb KopojieBi^ h noroiiy AoGtcjaBi nojo^vb 6un 
cnoKoiHO CMOTpbTb, saKi caiia JlABHra oiiipaBiflJiacb sa cbh- 
ffim ci repi^oroirb, ocTaHOBHBniHMCfl hi oahomii ^acTHOMi AOit, 
BHfc CTtHi aaasa. Oea p^bnmjacb ea diOTB, noBHpMOMy, ne- 
ocToposHuft nocTynon, cBOJibKo h3i» oiBpan^eHia si HaBflsu- 
BaeMoiiy eft flrejuy, croJibEO no coBnaniit) spftnocTH n saKon- 
HOCTH CBoero coioaa oi BmrejibMOHi, KOTopuil AOA&em Sim 
6HTb efl HyseiTb no BOJt noRoMHaro oii^a h no coBepnmBme* 
Mycfi ys6 6iaroci[OBeHiio AepKBi. dTi cBHffaniH ycrpaHBaincb 
opnrb K3% npiABopnux'B nanoBii^ rntBomeirB ibi JifiAeBEa;b^ 
BOTopuil oco6eHHO SjaronpiflTCTBOBBJH BnJtbrejibHy , pacuru- 
Bai, qTo BOifl flABHrn wMffLU'b yuopciBO HarnaTCNi'b n Bha- 
reairb, CA^aBumob Bopoien, aoctoKho Boanarpaxirb ero 
npexaHHocTK Monaeiupb opaHqnoKaflOB'b , pacnoiLOsenmitt na 
npeAMftcTbt, oxorno npeAJionm CBoe noirbqenie xjia cBHAanilt 
HOMjmaibHUX'b cynpyroBii, BOTOpue npnifoAHJQi b% conpoBOs- 
A6flifl MnoroqncjieHKEix'B cbkt'b. Puqapn BnjibrejibMa cirtmH- 

BaiHCb Cl^MHOrOUCJieHHUJIH AfiBHI^aMH, GonpoBOSAaBmHMH &gr 

Biry H, Tan sarb act obh 6bUH moioau, to MonacTupemi 
peMBTopiyiTB oriamaiCH aByRami lysiiiKH n na^Hnajnob Tampi. 
GpepeBi^iiOBue nonacTupcBie s^aBu jerio cnocun noAoSmie 
co6jia8nu^ MonacTupn EMim 6oAe conpHROcnoBenia cb Mip- 
CKHHH jioxbm H, qacTO npnnmfafl nxi bi cbohxi cTtnaxi, 
noHeBoiA H^MSiME nwb ycTynRH, AonycRajin y cefia cb^tcrIh 
3a6aBu H paaBieqemn. MojoaoS, RpacHBuS BHJbrejibMi, otih- 
^aBoiiicfl SjecTflnpH'L^ no BpeMOHH, BocmiTanieirb, ne Morb ne 
CA^BTb npiflTnaro BnewTJinia na flABnry h TaRUMi o6pa* 
soMi HX'B npesHflfl cBflBb, ocHOBannafl na qyacTB'b Aoira, na 
YBaKeniH wb naHRTH JioAOBHRa, emfi 6ojte RptnM noAi* bjiIh* 
HieiTb ji]d6bh, ROTopaa, oqeaHAHO, A^^au 6ucTpue yon'bxH. Gi 
ofitRX'b CTopofli noeTenoHHO ycuiBajiocb asejranie noBbiirb 6paq* 

9 



— 130 - 

moil oSpflAoiTb noATBeppib rattiSyprcisyio i^epeiiomio m la- 
iiM'B o6fWdowb daiuuowTb flacTOflipee A^fioTBHTeAHoe cynpy- 
S6CTB0 ; coxpanuocb He iiajio CBHAftiejibCTB'b^ AOKaauBaiDii^iix'L, 
VFO seiame aio 6buo HcnoiiHeHO h^ xota mu ho iioseirb yia- 
aaiB, rA& npoiraomia Biopiraflafl Opaqnafl i^epenoHifl, no ho^th 
yBi^pemi) qro oHa cocTouacb h flpara CAi^jaJiacb x^ttcTBi- 
leaHOH) cynpyroB) BuBieiiiMa ^^^. BpaKOBCRie naflii^ paa^pa- 
sefiHBte ero ycntoajoi, ynoTpeS&iH npoTHBi nero Hacuie, ohh 
ci noaopoKb BurHaiH ero E^b saiisa h otabjh npnasaflie 
crpaaft npH BopoTax'B ho toibbo ho BnyoiaTB aBCxpittcEaro 
repi^ora^ no h ho BunycKaTb sopoieau; xaBHirB oSpaaoHi lo- 
poMBa CA&iajacb lu&HHEiteio Wb cBoem co6ciBeHHOHib saint. 
He noRopflflCb HacuiD, flpHra coficTBeHHrnm pyBaMH xox&Ea 
npoJiosHTb ce6t Aopory wb nysy ^ ona Bupaaia hsi pyn 
cxpaaa otnpy h cxaia py5HTb Bopoia, soropux'b ne xot&d 
oTBopHTb nepoAi Heio ^ ho pyxH ea 6ujai ciaOu h ho Mom 
cnpaBHTbCfi ci» TfisejOH) ctsHpoft, a ^^aaoBORitt noAcsapSii, 
j^miTpiit H3!b ropaftfl xaxi yStAHxeibHo AOBaauBajLi ett-Bce 
HeOiaropasyiiie ea nociynBa, wo 6ftAHoft A^ynnA ho ocTaaa- 
locb Hivero 6oifte» aairb nosopiTbca neqauHoft Heo6xoAHMOCTH 
H BoaBpariTbCfl wb cboh ROMnaTU. B'b caioirb fi!kA^ tto Moria 
CA^axb iSpHra» ORpyseHHaa cypoBbum h nenpeRioHHiuH na- 

HaMH, ROTOpue pimHAICb, BO qTO 6U[ TO HH CiaJIO , BUABTb 00 

aa flreua ; B'b APyroMi rocyAapcxBib) ta^ Ropo jreBCRaa BiacTb 
HO 6uj[a TBRib orpaHHqoHa, dHeprmiecRaa, xoth h MoiOAaa ro- 
poieBa ciyHftjia Gu npeoAOiJ^ib npenaxcTBifl, Roxopua bosabh- 
raiH eft hoaaahhuo hb nyxH ri caioft Aoporoft n^ijoi ea anaBH, 
HO B'b Hojibnii, Maraaxu Roxopoft 6bijra xaai MoryqecxBOHHU) 
AO^, ocxaBJieHHHaa ffime MaxepbiD, aoishb 6iua noRopHXbca, 
xoxfl OHa 6uia Ropojeaoft. IIpHAa ri xaaoiiy pftmemio h qya- 
ciBya HCXHHHyK) jiio6oBb Rb BHibreibMy, ona caMa nocoaixo- 
aaia any yftxaxb, xaR'b rbri AaAHMmee npe6iiBaHie Bb 



SpaioBft Morio SuTb pn Hero onacHUMii. AecTpiftcmft repi^oH 
xopomo noHHMajrb CBoe nojoseHie: onacaflcb npeci%AOBaHifl, 
owb HftcROttRO yse paaii m^rhjh CBoe noMibn^eHie h nepeo.^t- 
Mjcfl wb ojaTbe Rynuia, HasoHei^i OTqaHBmHCb bi ycnibx'6, 
owh npHHsn coBfbTi, iSpHrH H ne^ajibHuft h ocBop6jieHHbiil, 
ci HeHaBHCTbH) Kb HoiLbiiA, BOSBpaiHJCfl Bi CBOH) BtHj 4-ro 
Mapia 1386 r. >««. 

He ycnija ewfi HimoBaTb dia rposa, ycTpaneHHafl a^a- 
TeibHOCTbK) BipHuxii C0ID3HH10BI flreuB, EaEi OFb nomeE^b 
6ujii HanparaTb. cboh chai npoTHBi noBOfi 61^au, BosABnrae- 
loS Ha Hero CTopoHHHRaMH BHAbrejibHa. MHei^Eitt opAeni ci 
OGo6eHHKiirB yAOBOJibCTBieiTb ysHa^'B o pacnopflaseniflxi JLny- 
XOBua, no soTopuMX nojbCBafl sopoHa AOJiiBHa 6um AocTaxbca 
ero AOwpH MapiH h ea vysy GHiiiSHyHAy ; yrBepsAeme Ha 
nojibcsoiTb npecTOJl^ H'^Meipsaro npHHi^a oSiqajio opxeny oahI^ 

TOJbKO BUTOAU H HOSBOIflJIO paC^HTUBaTb HB CEOBOftCTBie CO 

cTopoHU IIoibmH. Qoci'^AOBaBmee nocjii^ CMspiH JliDAOBHEa es- 
MtHCHie ero Bojn wb nojibsy flABHra h BnjibrejibMa BCTp'^^eHO 
6iuo opAOHOMi eqe ci» Oojibmeio paAocibio, noioHy wo ohi 
HaioAHiCH vb TtcHuxi OTHomemHX'b cb aBCTpificEHm aohoitb 
H H3BtcTHidL Hairb repi^orb AibOpexTi cpasaica , noAi ero 
SHaieHami, cb HeBipnuMH capai^aHE. Ho opAOffb CTajii 6e3- 
noROHTbCfl, sorAB ao Hero Aonuo HSBftciie, tto noncsie naHU 
He xoTflTB BubrejibHa h BunysAaiDTb y sopoieBH EjiHcaBerii 
noaBOMHie camnrb pacnopapTbCE cyAb6oio ea AO^epH. Onace- 
Hie nepemio wb CHnHftftmee 6e3noEoftCTBo, EorAa opAeni, bci%a^ 
3a TtiTB, ysHajTb, qxo Areuo— TOTi cqacTJHBei^, soTopoHy 
(7b EopoHOH) EOJibCEOH) AOCTaEeTCH pyEB flpHrH. GoeAHHeHie 
JIhtbu Cb Hoibmeio 6biJ0 BejtHqafiniHMii yAapoMi a'h pima* 
pefi : OHM He Sofljmcb Jhtbu, xftirb HOHte JIhtbu, paaAHpaeMott 
KOBAyyeoOieMii , ho ohh CyAyTi TpenexaTb ea, EorAa bi ea 

CUBMb HpHCOeAHHffTCfl CHJM HOJIflROBli^ yse HMtoO^HX^ AO- 



- 132 — • 

CTaToqHO pBQAOBii camm Bpaautc^HKorb oGpasovB ainocHTbCfl 
vh opffivj. ^e SHMOH) IS^Vss roxa, ouTaxca Maracrpi aa- 
nacTB Ha JbiTBy h, aaHABi tbehmi oSpasoHi BHHMaHie flreua, 
noMfimaib ooyn^eciBMHiio ero bhaobi hb nonmy, 90 ciaSai 
H Bfljafl sua BTOf'o roAa noM^niaja evy wnoiEsah bto hb- 
Mfipeme, t'^mi ee MOHte, noSysAdOMull CiHdRoiD onacHoeriii), 
owb ynoipeftjum bc% ycHjofl, uto6u xocTaioqHO wh nefl iqMi- 

rOTOBHTBCfl. 3aKJ[10^HBl» H3Bi&CTHiaft XOFOBOp'B CI 3eM0BET0n 

MaaoBeipcEM^, no BOTopoMy BHiBb ycxynajTB opAesy BHaurejOr 
HyK> o6j[acTb, cb npaaoMi CTpoiTB bi hoS saiiRH uMa ycnim- 
Hl^tmefl 6opB5ti[ c% flsuqHHBaHH, KoqpaA'B I][ou[baep'B 3aBi»qm 
noAo6Hoe pe ycjoaie cb KHHSbflMH qciuihckehh BapipiouBOirb 
H BorycjaBOH'B b, jfflwb vwb 3000 vapoBi, iioa'b awon ry* 
xiHCRaro oBpyra, oSflsajii hxx nooio^HHo noMoraTB opKeny bi 
Bottnaxi c^ JbiTBOjo h QojiBineB)^^^; b'b tobo Bpenfl MafHcrpi 
miTB^ca BpTymiTB wb aeperoBopu cb camnfb Ss^tMWb^ bo 
Seaycnl^mHo ^^^ Meacxy t^^m'b coSiiiTifl b'b KpaROBl^ lui co- 
BepmeHHO npoxraHO sejaHiHW'B h cuioiaTivii'b opxena \ oabb sa 
ApyroH) nojyqaJiHCb b'b MapieH5ypr% nevajibHUfl b&cth : noiBSH 
Cb paxocTbH) s^gHAjni CBaTOBi iSreua, Bopoieaa mbtb Eupa- 
sua coriacie sa 6paKi ero ci jIabhtok) h HaKOHeio — canoe 
ropbioe HSB^Tie : BEibrejbiirb, npii&xaBiiiitt aa seHOH) m Kopo- 
Hott, CO cpaHom HarHaHi, imqero ho AocTHrHyBi. TepoftHie 
opAena HcronqiJiocb, npH ABopaxi bc^xi xpHCiiaHCRHXi rocy- 
Aapeft paaAamcb isaaoCu HarHcipa hb spoBHyH) o6HAy, HBHe- 
ceHHyi) aBcxpiftcioMy repi^ory^^^ n wb Tose BpeMfl, no Bcei 
IIpycciH, naqajiocb A^flTeibnoe BOopyseHie. BcflqecKH bobctb* 
HOBjLflfl Eapony npoTHBi «AHRaro flsu^HiiKa*, opAeei npeaie- 
sajTb HI ce6'6 hhofo Coraxoft h xpa6poft MOiiOAesH, ROTopai 
xoxtia sacjyasHXb cboh mnopu wb 6opb6t (yb HeBipnuiEH. Ta- 
BHMi oSpaaoifb, sBBwrejibHoe BoftcRO 6ujio foxobo hii anrycxy 
(1385); AU Gojibuiaro OAymeBieHifl ycxpoKm, hoa'b cxibHaiu 



— iJ3 — 

BnovoSi^ft, no4effliitt tnon h, otnpasAtfOBflBii sry cyerRyio 
qepeHoiiiD^ piiyjoicb b% rjy6b JhtBU. Depenpada qepeai 
B«JHI> 9 xpa^o] aaiqHqaeHafl OHHprejiJloiii, 6uja iynieHa Ao- 
poroio i^d<^w: nofflOiH MHorM no«i6THf!iie rocn K opxerioRie 
pui^apH, Rpesxe qilHi jihtobi^u 6uji npimyttAeiitf irb OTCiyn- 
jeniiD. Bei^A^ aa tkwb pm^apH pasfflbiiJHCb Ba mecTb of paAOBi, 
KOTopye MEpMMMsieh vh paaflHa cTopoHU^ ace ttpeAaaafl pa* 
3opoHiB>, R yriytaiBcti tbri j^Bi^to^ qro jipcrmm nftcTHooTefi, 
vf!b twfi EHEOtfffk He orynaja Hora KpeeroRoci^i. Tps He^tiH 
naioeb dsycTOmeHle ; nTOBCKie BMsbflj, oe ptoaacB na or- 
ipuTym 6]iTBy, h6 ufOTBBmach k tajiBRO aaBajn chxbhiimh 
oTpfljtaitH B<A tfepenpaBH qpeai Wkmm'h i Bhah). Ci 6ojb- 
nxHB noT^poM BBBJiaxftjifl pu^apv ojpioio rai bhtb, Sjnfanir 
PymnmieKi , h ynuH bi OpyociH) cb 5oraTOH> Ao6u%fl ^^'. 
He ycoftn eiqe mmcrpi ot AexHyTb oocjtt noxoxa^ bbki Dpi- 
taajTb Kb Heiry roeei^'b otb AeApea OnrepAOBna, RHasa no- 
loparo H Bpyvm eiiy abb ^RyiieRTa on cBoef o RHaefl ; m> 
opovb tRopoJib Ao«)qRjyi», ARApofi, cuffb Ojbpepxa otAaaa^rb 
(ffioe RopoiMGVBo^ OBORGROMy opAOHy H npHHRHajb ero oGpaTHo 
ea jBOHoirb npmb, wb xpFon, H9B%n(aR o6b BToirb boih- 
Kara R[arR6Tpa^ AHApett npooRj'b ero noapoBHrejniOTBa b san^RTu 
on BptroBi jtfff eefia h cborxi a^t^^^^- BpaasA& poARuxi 
^MKTbeB'b BflCTaBHia ARApea ptRnrrbCR na wbpy, rpoBiBmyH) 

IrTB% HOBIfllR 6%ACTBiRMR; Rl COSBli&HiRS HBlTb ReRBB^CTHH 

noApoCHOcnf, nofiyARBmia ero SpocHtbca wi oOiflria opAeaa, ho 
BccbHa BfipoRTHO) ^To csjfb oSi H36paHiR flroua Ropo^eHb 
DoibCRHHi^ (»i^AOBaTejibHO 66ibmevb ero ycHjemH, Hcny 
ran Anflpeir, norepRBmaro HaAeasAT yAepsaTbca bi Iloioq- 
at , oTRyAa paab yase HarHaBHufi , om ycntn BoaapaTnTbea, 
nojbsyacb BpeHeHHUVb HecqaoTioH'b flrejua ai 6opb6ib ero cb 
BeficTyTOMi. Mu ho hbioahmii HHaaRRX'b AORadaTejbCTBi> ai 
ncToqHHRaxi , ^ito y AHApea cHoda ovoOpajiH ero RHtfseCTBO, 



- 134 — 

xoTfl CRHprejiio h npoAOJsaii no/pmcuBaTbCfl Kflfldem xpoi^- 
vamb H noioipunTL ; HMemo bto oScTOflreibcxBO, npe yBibpeH- 
HOCTH, qio CEopo uoojAfjeTb coe/pni6Hie JIhtbu ci noAmeio, 
H saciaBuo AHxpen HcsaTb onopu, Roxopafl oOesnequa 6u 
eMy o6j[aAaHie IIojioipcoiii. UfEwkyb flreua h noTom Bi- 

TOBTa, COepHflBmHXCfl Cb OPAOHOIII npOTHBl CBOHXl pOACTBeH 

HHEOBii, yEaaan AHApes), rut ohi Moserb HaflxH BTy onopy. 
MarHCTpi cb paAOcibio npimirjrb ero npocbOy h HospoHHo oM- 
lUaJTb eny CBoe noRpoBixejEbCTBO.; bi omoineHiflxi opxeHa rb 
Jhtb^ roTOBHJUcb TaRifl fiasHUH, xase rposHUfl coCbirui, qio 
any 6uuio bi Bucmett cxenoHH Buropo hm j^Tb cojosmiia bi 
HenpiflTeibCBott cipant. fltrb hh Haiiftftmaro coMHibHifl bi 

TOlTb , ^TO OpACH'b, OTIiHCBEBBfl nOAOSflarO GOlQSHHKa , A^axb 

RBBifl TO npeAJioseHifl BHioBxy, He CMoxpa hb HOAaBHioH) ero 
HBMiHy, H Aaase dasjiiowjii ci HHirb RaRoe xo ycjOBie, ro- 
xopuMi oSflsaiLCfl noMoraxb eny wb ero ycHiiaxi BOSBpaxHTb 
ce6% oxi^OBORoe AOCTOflHie, x. e. TpoRH^^^ SaRit he hoao- 
cxaxoqHu Haaficxifl 06% exorn* coriianieHiH , ho Heibsa otrb- 

SaXb HMl Bl Bibp^, TaWb RBR'b BrXOBXIi ^ noMHpHBmittcfl ci 

flrejuoH'b, noAi» ycjiosieiix BOSBpau^emfl ewy Bceft ero BoxqiHu, 
noiLyqHn xoibRo pyccRifl bua^hih CBoero oxi^a. HecoMV&HHo 
xoibRo xo, qxo Bhxobxi He Hamejrb hie ce6fl yAo6raurb boc- 
noibdOBaxbCfl noMon^bio opAOHa bi 1385 roAy h, soneqEO, ne- 
ycnibiiiHOCXb nomixRE corjamemfl cb HEifb A^aia eqe Soite 
npiflXHUMi npeAJraraeifbdi coiodi* ob RHflseirb AnApeeirb, soxo- 
pufi, RBR'b yBHAHH'b, iuib o^eHb nojieaeHii opAeny. 

SaAepasaHHuft bxhmh co6uxiflMH, flrejjo, He panfee Ronqa 
1385 roAB, Mori Butxaxb bi Ilojibmy, oxRyAa ero HSBtn^aiH, 
qxo BCfe npenflxcxBifi yse ycxpancHbi. Bi» fioxROButtcRt , bi 
nepBbixb qHCiiaxi BHBapfl 1386 roAa, BCxplbxHio ero noib- 
cRoe nocojbcxBO cb HOBbUfb HBB^qenieM'b 061 H36paHui ero 
SQHEXoirb no4bCRoft RopojieBU H, qpesii Opan-b cb qieiD, Ropor 



— 135 - 

Jen nojDbCKHirb. Hsii GeHAOMHpa, syp ORopo npiSiui flrejuo, 
BuciajTb owb nociOBi n Bejuoiy nanicTpy cb npocb6oio 
npHcyTCTBOBaxb npH ero KpeqeHUi h 6utb ero specTHUMii ot- 

l^Oirii. BOHBUO, HEITO 60lt6 HO HM&Tb npEBB HB 9T0 SBBHie, 

KaBi uaBB oOqeerBB, ofipaaoBBBmarocfl ci» i^tAH) npocB'bipe- 
Hifl Ihtbu h h6 mbjio y»e npoiHBmaro RpoBH nm AOCTHseHifl 
9Tofl i^&n. Ulkib xocTHTBUCb TcnepB Sesi BCHKott 6opB6u H, 
Koiewo, opxeey ociaBajiocB toibio paAOBBTBCfl, a MarHcxpy— 
ci SiaroxapHOCTBH) npHSiiTB npexJiaraeMyio eny noveTHyio poa^ 
HO vb KOHivb XIV Btsa opA6H'B SiUTB yso He T'6mii , n%wh 
6ujrB offL npH CBoeMii ocHOBaHiH, ero HHrepecu nomra bi 
pasptBib CL HHTepecaMH xpHcriaHCTBa , aio 6iuo yse He Ay- 
xoBHoe SpaxcTBo, a cBftxcBoe rocyxapcTBo, Koropoe crpeiouocb 
TOJEuio vb MaTepBfljbHOMy ycHiemK). EMy 6iuo Buropo oc- 
xaBiflTB JlHTsy Bx fl3inecTB'6, HOTOMy qTO flsuqecTBO) ycTpa- 
Hflfl HjiiyH^yio 3a xpHcxiaHCTBOirB ipiBHrasaipiD, yojOBJHBajo efl 
cjaSocTB H A&Baio opAeny naxesAy bi CEopoHi apeHeHH no- 
pa6oTHTB ee, hoauhhtb ee, ebe'l Dpyccuo, CBoeil bibcth h 
HapopocTH. IIoHflTHO TeHepb , qTO npocbSa flreua, Ropou 
nojBCiaro h BeiHRaro RHflSH jnroBCRaro, coepHHBmaro hoa'b 
CBoeio BJiacTbH), Ha cipax'L opAeny, ABa rocyAapcTBa, noRasa- 
Jiacb opAeHy nacHibiiisoit hjdi 6um eny Rpaftne nenpiHTHa, 
ecjiH Aa&e owb npH3HaBajT> ee Bnojivb HCRpeHHeio. HarHCTp'B 
He npHHflJTB npeAJTOsenifl, rbe'l oHEcnsn nocjt, noTOMy, qio 
npHcyTCTBiem cbohitl npn EpeqemH flreua h noTomii npn 
6paRt ero c/b flpHrott h HaRonei^'L npn ero RopoHa^iH, ori 
ociopSnji'L 6u aBcipificRaro npHHi^a, ROTopoMy, no ySi^acAemH) 
opAOHa, npHHaA«iesajiH h pyna flpHrn, h nojLCRafl Ropona. 
RpoM:k Toro H3M:6HHH«iecRift h B'^pojioMHuft xapaRTepi flreMa, 
no cjoBBiTB HarHCipa, sacTBBJiflJi'B ero onacaTbca, Re napoquo 
JH ero npnr JiamaH)! b bt> RpaROBi>, mtoOu Tl^ifb yAoSnte, hb- 
nacTb, wb ero oTcyicTBie, hb DpycciH) h pa3opHTb ee. Tasii 



— 136 — 

noHHiiafl npeAJiosoHie Areua, ManiGTirL ^ase xortoB OTB^TBTb 
Ha Hero onycTonieHieii'& JIitbm, tbwb Sojito, ^rro wb MapieH- 
6yprib yse seii ntaoTopoe Bpeifl npiixaBime hbi paamni* 
cipaHi pui^api, (fb utMbJO yqacTBOBaxb bi noxoj^ft na flBsn* 
HHSOBi, I MesAy HEME BHibreibMi, repqor'B TeiBAepHa, lyp- 
^lopcirb HMJiBucBitt PynpexTi, h aPo ho, wb cvacTin flreiM, 
ciaSafi 3HMa omtb CA^ajia hoxoa'b h6bobmo]KHUmii '^^ 

MesA7 ^^^ flreuo, npoAOJisaH nyTb, npHCjoiducfl n 
MOHacTiipiD Ha Jiucoft ropib, KOTopufi nojibsoBajicfl Bceo6^IM^ 
yBasemeifb bi Dojibm'b, no npHqxH'b xpaHHBnieftcfl Kb newb 
qacTH suBOTB(^Hqaro ap^bh. MoHacmpb STorb tbei HeAaBHO 
eu{6 oiiycTomeHHiiitt jiHioBi^aMH^ npHflmian xenepb khhsh dXHX'b 
xHutHHSOBx , ROTopuft BCTynaJii B^ Hero cb HaiibpeHieirb do- 
qiHTb H oAapHTb ero, saKi 6yAyI^ift EaioJonecKifl rocyAapb 
EETonqecsoft OojibmE. JereHAa noACEafl pascEasiiiBaeT'b, qTO, 
EorAa flrejiy nonasajifl riaBHoe coEpoBEn^e lOHacTiipfl, e oh%, 
npoTHHyB'b ET> Eemy pysy, cnpocEJTb no pyccsE: t^xo oto?* 
pyEa ero HeMeAJeHEO Bucoxja; pyEa flsuiEEEa, eeehhi cw- 
TajDi nouBE flreua, aojishh Sujia nonecTE EaEasaaie sa se- 

Jaflie 0CE0p6ETb CBETUEK) CBOEM'b npEEOCHOBeEieH'b E TOJIbEO 

ropflqaa MOJOiTBa e npEEeceEie bi J^9ifrh soioiaro EOB^enqa 
BOSBpaiEiE emy SAopoBbe ^^\ 

JUfi HOHacTfiipfl flreuo txajrb bi conpoBOSAeHiE cboexi* 
poACTtieHHEEOB'L E Ooflpi*; ESI) noj[kCBExi> naaoB'b TOJibRO CnbiTSo 
MOJibinTUHCRifi H JI^ETpiii E3b Topattfl BcrpibTEJQi ero bi Coh* 
AOMEp'b; APyrie NarHaTU^ RaRb CB'bTCBie, TaRi^, oco6eflEo, Ay- 
xoBHue ocTaaajHCb bii SpaRoat, npoAOJisaa y6^SA&i*i> flABEry 
H6 npoTHBETbCfl jiETOBCROMy 6paRy. npHHy»AeHHaff OTRasaTbCfl 
OTi BEJibrejibMa, flABEra hb a^mbl evofi corjacifl hb SpaRi cb 
flrejuioMi) E ocTaaajiacb r^yxoio ro BctMb pibqaHiflirb r 
npocb6aM7>. Kopucib ne Moua A^^cxBOBaTb hb ea neBEHEoe e 
6uropoAHoe cepAi^e e noroMy pascRaBu o HeofiuREOBeHHEix'b 



- 137 - 

AparoivkHHocTn'B, loropufl BeseTL eft mewsx'b^ ne npoHSBOARJiH 
HI KajrbMmaro BneqaTJi'6Hifl ; cjasa h OjiaroAeHCTBie noiBnifr, 
BUTesaBmifl ibi aroro 6paKa TaRse He Hom ciurrqHTb ee h 
xaase BMSBaji sacjyra oOpaiqeHia fisuqecEaro napoxa jifisro He 
Mona BupaaTb ea corjiacie. By^^qH seHoio BHureuMa^ bh- 
GOKOHpaBCTBeHHafl H penriodHaa flABHra cl BejrnqaftniHBrB or- 
BpaqeHievB xynajia o 3aR.iH>qeHiH noBaro 6pasa; Taiofi nocry- 
mvb BOBMyqaji ee, kbk'l npecTynienie npoTHBi pejinriH h 
eciecTBeHHaro ^jbctbh ctuajihbocth. OqeBHAHO, bi 9Ty cxopony 
HanpaBHJo cboh y6%sxeHiH AyxoBencTBO, onpaBAiiBaH npeciyn- 
leme H3i» yBasenui BUieBaioqHX'B hbi Hero Siarnxi nocii^A- 
cTBitt xifl xpHCTiaHOTBa ; MarnaTU CB'&TCBie, noAAepiRHBafl jsj- 
xoBHKixii, pHCOBara npeAii flABHroio neqannoe nojioseme na- 
poAa, CO wivh CTopoHii yrpoisaeHaro chjibhumh BparaMH, no- 
CTOflHHo CTpaAaion^aro otl pasopHTOJibHiixii iHTOBCKHX'b HaS'b- 
roB^ H KOTopoHy efl corjiacie ofiesneqnTi nojiHoe cnoBoilcTBie 
H AOBOJCbCTBO. flpHra nonpesHOMy ynopHO oTsasHBajracb ; ho 
ynoKHHafl yse o riaBHoii npH^HRfi CBoero OTBpaqeHifl hi 
npeparaeMOMy 6paRy^ ohb roBopHja, qio ho xoqerb BuftTH sa 
qe^oBtea, yiiepTBHBmaro caoero poAnaro hrjijo e CjiaroAtTOJiB; 
eit oTBi^qajH, qro cjyxH o bhhobhocth flrejiJia bi cMepTH Beft- 
CTyia HecnpaBeAJiHBU, qio mbtb ea, RopojieBa EucaaeTa, hh- 
ROFAB 6k He corjacHiacii BUAaTb ee sa ySiSi^, ho, oqeBHAHO, 
3TH yB'bpeHiH Majo noAMcTBOBajiH hb flpHpy, noTomy tto, 
Bnocji^ACTBin , ona oGpaiHJiacb ri* BniOBTy, rrkti qejioB'feRy, 
jyqme bc^xi BHaBmeiiy oScTOfliejibCTBa CMepin oii^a; ROHeqno, 
Brtobtb ho Morii cRasaxb eft npasAH ^^^. He CMOTpfl, oAHa- 
RoarB, Ha BURaaaHHyH) laepAOCTb, hcxoai* SopbOu 6uu['l necoM- 
Hi^ReHB; Mu ooflTb HOBTopfleM'L , qro Horjia CAi^jaib HeonuT- 
Hafl, GJiaSaH aseHnpna, ORpyseHHaa ifOAbum, hhcrojisro nepac- 
nojoseHHUMH ociaBHTb eft CBoSoAy A^ftcTBifl, nenpeRJiOHHUMH' 
roTOBuMH Ha Bce; co Bcbxi cxopoH^ BHA^ia ona cypoBKia> 



— 138 — 

yBopfflonpfl JHi^ H A^se wb co6cTB6HHott METepH He HaxoAua 
HHBaKoro coqyBCTBifl. OqeHb iioseTL 6uTb, 9T0 CHE H He xaia 
CBoero corjiacifl, ho yTOMHBnnicb HpoAOimreibHOH) 6opb6o]D 

H HeBOJIbHO npHHflBli pOJIB CTpaxaTBUHyiO, OHa CBOHMli Mojna- 

Hieirb nosBoiua npeAaib ce6fl BipysH seHHxa^ «He ysacaB- 
marocfl rpiia j[K)6off6flHiH» ^^^ He bhah hie cefin hcxoah h 

npHHySA^HHafl npHMHpHTbCfl CB MUCIBIO HOBOm ¥JtA^ OHa 

saxorija coSpaib o neHii 6oi£e lo^imifl cb:6a6hui; khbi rh* 
sexcfl, eft npeACTaBHJH ero rpySrai'B, akkhmi h CBHpftniiiirB 
flsuqHHKoiTB, 6oji%e SBi&peirb, ^1M'b qejOB^KOMi a noTOMy 

HOHflTHO, qrO OHa oSpaTHJiaCb BlbOAHOMy HBI CBOHXl npH6jH- 

senmix'b, SaBHmt OiiecHHi^soHy h nocjajia ero na Bcrpiqy 
flreua Ch liwby qioSi ocMoipi^Tb ero napyoHocrb h coCpaxb 
HeiTb noAPo6HUfl CBiA'i^Hifl; shbh npoAasHoerb noibcimx'b 
naHOBi, OHa nocTBBHJa HenpeM'^HHUMi yciOBieirb, qioSu 3a- 
BHma H6 npHHHiiajiii HHRaBHX'b HOAapsoB'b orb ea fiyAyn^aro 
xysa. HsB^qeHHuft o i^tiH HOcojibCTBa SaBHnm, flreiM npH- 
Hflji» ero BecbMa 6j[arocKj(OHHO h, sejaa AOCTaBHTb BCi cpeA- 
CTBa A^H BOBMosHo jyMiuaro HcnojiHeHifl AaHHaro eiry nopyqe- 
Hifl, npHTJiacHjrb ero ci co6oio bi danio. HapysHocrb h cio- 
aeme ero o^oHb nonpaBHJiHCb nocjiaHHOiry h, no BOSBpan^eHiH 
B'b RpaBOBi, OHi coBopmenHO ycnoRourb na btotb cqerb Aa- 
BBry, yB'bpHB'b ee, qxo, RpoM'6 npHBJieRaTeibHott BHtmHOCTH, 
SrejiM oTuqaeTCH npeRpacHUMH, qncTo RHflsecRHiH ManepaMH 
H oSxosAeHieM'b. 

GnoRoftHo, HO ynoTpeSufl HHRBRHX'b ycHAfi js,M ycTpoit- 
CTBa CBoero A'^^^ pnrajicH Arejuro Aa^^^ ki KpaROBy, co- 
npoBOSAaeMiift HHoroqncjieHHOH) cbhtoh), Roropaa Bce yBejRqH- 
BBUCb BHOBb npHSimaiontHMH naHaHH; h,m Hero ne cy^ecTBo- 
BBJio HHRaRHxi 3a6oTL H OHaceHlfi, Bce 6uA0 pasrjiaseHo h 
pacwqeno na ero nyiH; ho ho tbrobo 6ujo cocTOHHie Ayxa 
MarnaTOB'b : hxi Haqajii SeanoROHib Bonpoci o toitb, a'^^ctbh- 



- 139 - 

TeibHO JH BunoJHHTi CBOH oMii^aHifl Arena nocit Toro, Kan 
aenTCfl Ha fipHrt h CAtJiaercfl KopoieMi noJbCKHiTL, saxo- 
^eTb JH owb coeAHHHTb ch noumeio CBoe JHTOBCRopyccKoe 
rocyxapcTBo, ynoTpeOiiTi jih Ha nojibsy ^^he nocnonroff cboh 
Soranie CRapSu, ORpecTHTb m cBott HapoAi? Bee bto 6um 
Bonpociii csHoro xpeBomaro h SesnoKoftnaro CBoftcTBa, noio-* 
seme flrejua Oujo necpaBHeHHO BuroAH^e, nim noioseme 
oaHOfii : OHL noimewb 6£i4ii nojryqHTb ace opeoAe, ^^Mi ffHTb 

nT06u TO HH 6U10 H, HpH UeBUCOBOll HpaBCTBeHHOCTH TOFO Bpe- 
MCHH, H3BHHHTejn»H0 6£I10, CO CTOpOHU nOlflfiOB'b, COHHteaTbCfl 
H HCSHTB BaEHX'B HlSyAb rapaHTltt B'B BtpHOMl HCHOIHeHUI 

AaHHiiixi» o6:6fltaHiM. Ho BaicoBU me mofjh 6utb i^th rapaHTiH? 
IlaHu ocTaHOBHjmcb, HaxoHei^, ua cpoACTB^, Koropoe, aa He- 
HiitHieMi> jy^maro, mofjio, xoth H^cKOJUbKO, hxi ycnoKOHTb: 
om norpeGoBaju 9 ^Tofiu conpoBosAdBmie flrejua RHflSbfl, ero 

pOACTB6flHHBH , He TOJbEO UOpyiHJIHCb 5u 3a HOrO, BO H 0T< 

AajHCb 6u HMi , RaRb aaiosHHRH , jiHR^aionpecfl cbo6oau 
pacnojiaraib cbohhb A^ficTBiaMH h o6fl3aHHbie ocTaBaxbca 
n Qoibm^ AO Ttxi nop'b, oorb flreuo He HcnojmHTii 066- 
qainiaro. TaBoe oSflsaTejbcitBo npHHflJu Ha ce6fl CRHprejjo, 
Bhtobtl, MnxaHii, RHHBb 3acj[aBCRitt,~6eoAop'b JIioOapTOBH^i 
jyivitt, HBani H)pbeBHqi, SejscRift h jiiEime pa khabh hbbo- 
fieiquxi, loaHVB h 3eM0BHT'b, hsi ROTopuxi nocjrbAHift y6&- 

AHJCfl HBROHei^'b Vb SeSHJIOAHOCTH CBOHX'b AOHOraTeJUbCTBTi n 

Cj^jiajicfl cTopoHHHBoirb flrejiJia ^^\ yAOBOJUbciBOBaBniHCb 3a- 
losHHRaiiH, nojURH BBejiH HdfipaHHaro hhh Ropojifl Bi Kpa- 
ROBi, 12 ^eapajifl 1386 roAa; 15-ro nocJi^AOBajio ero Rpen^e- 
Hie, 18-ro SpaRi, a 4-ro Mapxa— Roponaipfl. ^^^ Bi oHHcaniH 
9THX'b nocii^AHHX'b co6uTifi ocoSeHHO HHTepecHinrb npeACiaB- 
ifleTCfl Han Bonpocb BtpoHcnoBl^AwiH flrejuia a^ RpeqeHia 
Bi RpaEOBt^ Haini» bbfjibai* hsi bto ecxecTBeHHO BuieRaeT'b 

H3Ti TOrO , ^TO CRBBaHO flBMH BBlBHOM'b SHaqeHUI B'b JiHTBt 



- 140 — 

pyccRoft HapopocTH, pfl Hacii coBepmeHEO acho, qro jno6niii 

CUHl BHflTHHH lOjdaHHU, HBBi^CTHOfi CBOeH) pOBHOCTIilO Wb Dpa- 

BOGjaBUD, ffpxoiewh Oujui HcnoB6Ai>iBaTB xpHCTiancTBo no rpe- 
KopocciftcROHy o6pflAy, ho tbe'l KaEi mi Bcipl^THin b'b hcto- 
pmecBoft jrarepaiyp^ ynopnoe OTpHi^aHie noAoSearo pi^uieHii 
Bonpoca H oco6eHHUfl ycHjiH AOEasaib npoTHBHoe, to c^fflraen 
CBoeH) o6fl3aHHOCTBio BofiTH B'B 6oi^e noApofiHoe ero paacior- 
Bl^Hie, AU qero HefieanojesHUirB 6yAeTi» npoACTaBETB cyAbSu 
xpHCTiaHCTBa Ha JIhtb^, h rpeBopoccificKaro^ h pHMCKaro, ci 
ApeBH^fimaro bpomohh. 



rjIABA IV. 



yse cb BOHX^a X B^sa ciajoi noflBifiibCfl bi Jhtb^ nep* 
Bue nponoBiAHHiOi BaTOjrauHSMa , ho pascMaxpiiBafl ixi a^* 

TejBHOCTb y ¥U He MOSeM'L He SaHJ^THTb BO nepBux'L , Haio- 

ucjieHHOCTH nomiTOR'B pacnpocipaHHTb axo yqenie, h bo bto* 
pmi TparEqecRoit cyAbSu, nocTHrmett OojibmyB) ^aoTb HHCcione- 
poBi. nepBHn H3'B HHX'B 6un CB. 6081^1, emicROffB npas- 
csiii, soTopuit imoro Burepntn ptb cbohx'l cooTeqecxBeHHi- 
KOBi H yAajucH b'l c^BepHua cipaHU cb if!bvM o6paTHTB 
mil Bi» xpHCTiancTBO. GHflBi ci cefia emiCRoncKlfl oAesAU, 
oHi HdA'bJi'B npociyio, MOHamecRyH) pacy h npiOiui B'b npyc* 
csyio aeMJilo, OTfiyAa, ociAaHBUft h ocRop6j[eHHufi, oxnpaBKica 
Bi Jbrray, h laMb, b'b 997 r., Ojusi PoimoBa, norflSb nopa- 
leHHHfi crpl^aKH BattA^oioB'B. BcRopi^ nocit nero cb. Bpyno, 
HSb sBawrejubHott n^Me^Koft 4»aMHJQH, BocnnraHHuft npn HBoyk 
Hmepaxopa Ottohb III^ BCTynns'b wb opabh'b gb. BeHeAHBTa, 
ci 18 TOBapHntaMH xorose opAena, npmnejrB o6pan^axb npyc 
coBi H iHXOBi^eB'b H Bi xaRHXi ifbcxaxb nponoB^jpiBajiTi 
eBanreJue , vni HHRorAa eqe ne cjraxau o6b HCXHHHOH'b Boi^. 
Ero cBflxafl peanocxb xasse sacjiyauiJia eiiy Binei^'b MyqemiBa: 
flsuqHHBH oxctBJDi eHy cnaqajia pyBH, noxoMi hofh, a naKO- 
Hei^b ' H roioBy. Taae yqacxb nocxHrjia ero xoBapHqeft wb 
1009 roAy. Orojio xoro se apeiieHH cb. Ojiaft, Ropojib HopaeriH 
H Htaoxopue AyxoBfflbie hsi repMamH nponosl^Ai^Bajui xpn- 
CTiaHCXBo MeasAy ycxbBMH HibnaHa h 3anaAHott ^bbhu, ho HX'b 



— 142 — 

ycHJiifl He yBl^majiHCb HHRaKHHH ycnfixaHH ; 9to t^itl cxpaH- 
H^e, qro cb. Oiall Sun, BaseTCfl, eAHHCTBeHHuft BaTOJonecBiS 
MHCcioHepx , cHHCKafimift yBaseme jmroBi^eB'L , Boiopue , He 
CMOTpfl HE CBoe flsu^ecTBo , }iflATo ^ CB pejDn^iosHUMH itepeMO- 
HiflMH, BcnoHHHajui ero cmepTB, nocji^AOBaBmyio bi o^Hoft h3'l 
MesAyycoSHUX'B BoflHB, BB ero oieqecTBf *. Heycni^xi nep- 
bkxb nponoB^pHBOBB 06'BflCHHeT'L coBepmeHHoe orcyrcTBie hxx 
HOCJi^AOBaTejell ; h^tl HHKaRoro coMH^mfl, ^to ho Xin B^sa, 
BHawTB B'B Teqeme 6oj[%e, ^fbwb 2-x'b cxoi^Tift, ne HBHJicfl 
HH opHi nponoB^pHKB ch saHdAa. BoopyseHHaH nponbel^AB 
RpecTOHOci^eBi yABBaiocb to aro Tor^a , Horxa CHia hx'b opy- 
siH noA^HHflia hm'l RaRoe nnOyAB HJieHs; npyccu, no npH^HHib 

CBOeft paSpOBHeHHOCTH , CROpO HOROpeHHUe pUH^apaHH, ffOISHU 

6ua npHHflTB xpHGTiancTBO h hxi HHoro^cJienraifl Boscra- 
Hifl , ( coeAHHflBHiiflCfl o6£iRHOBeHHO CT» BOBBpaqemeiTE kl a^p'b 
oTifOBi , 61UH HaRasuBaeiai HeMHJoceppKDiii onycTomenieMi, 
nociib ROToparo cjri&Aoaaio HOBOe HacHACTBeHHoe oOpan^eme. 
Becbia ecrecTBemo, ^to noAo6HHtt cnoeoSi nponoBl^AH He 
HOFB 6uTb ycn^meH'b ; jditobipiI , nay^eHHue npHM'bpoirb 
npyccoBB} oOn^HMH CHJiaMH oTpasajiH HanaAema opAena h BecbMa 
He MHorie, OTA^^JUbHue cjEyqan nepexoAa hxi wb Raionqe- 
CTBO AORasbmaiorb HOAtftcTBHTejibHocTb Mfip'b, ynoipeGjue- 

UIXl RpeCTOHOCI^aHH. B'b nOIOBHHl^ Xni BibRa , ofiCTOflTeib- 

CTBa sacTaBHjm MnHAOBra HCRaxb cnacemfl B'b cfijouRemn cb 
Prmohi. Phmb BospaAOBajicfl, a opAeni BOcnoASOBaiCH anorb 
cjiyqaeMB^ qrofiB nosHBHTbCfl na c^ei'B HOBofipaqeHHaro , 
Soumafl qacTB BiaAl^Hitt Roroparo Siua nocTeneHHO nepeAana 
B'B coScTBeHHOCTB pid^apeft MOHaxoBB. Ji^M AaJUbHtftmHX'b yc- 
nixoBi coqjiH HeoSxoAHMUHii ocHOBame enncRoncRHXB RaeeApB; 
HeioqHocTb BB BupasemflXB hctoqhhrobb 6um hph^hhoh), mto 
BApyrB flBHJiHCb ABB JDiTOBCRHXB eHHCRona XpHCTiaHi H Bhtb. 
HoapoShocth, cooSqaeioifl pyRonncHMH hs'b HSBtcTHaro co6pa- 



— 143 - 

Hifl HapQyTa, AftioT^ bobhoshoctb ycTparaTb bto bhahhoo npo- 
TEBypime ; HecoHH6HHO ) ^To enncRonoH'B JtHTOBCKnii'L 6iijrL 
XpHciJaHi, npociaBBBmiftcH cbohmh nopHraMH bi IIpycciE ^^^j 
a BiTTb, Bumepiift hb'b uenoBi apasoBCfioft KanHTyjoi, no- 
jrjnajTL kpjtm HasHa^eme. BciynHBi bi o^jifiwb AOMBHEEa- 

HOBl, 0H1» miTaiCfl npODOB^piBBTb KaTompiBHii Ha PycH H 

6im Bi*BieB%» HBriaHmitt onyAa oh'b Hamejrb ySftsHn^eBi 
Bi PycH nroBCROll, kl ]bo6^%^ lesan^em hba'^ HI^MaHOHii. 
9toti Jbo6^'b npHHaAiesaji'B KieacKOMy SoBpHHy, AflApex) Ba- 
caneBiiqy, KOTopull ymejTb bb'l Bieaa, cnacaacB orb Taiap'B, 
H BcryiiHJii B'B ciys6y HnHAOBra. PyKOimcB paBCKaBuaaeTB^ 
qTO owb npHHflji KBTouipBirB, nocTpoHJTb Bi Jbo6n1^ Kocien 
H npH Rem ocHOBan Hncciio AOMHHHEaHOB'b, b'b Roxopoft no- 
cemcfl H Bhti. Hbi A^AHiftineft ero shbhh hbbI^cthO) qxo 
on npscyTCTBOBajTB hb RopoHai^H IbiHAOBra, Roiopuft, npHHflB'B 
KaxompBirB, no Bceil BtpoflinocTH , coAftftcTBOBan anocTon- 
CKoft ero poBHOCTH H HaRoneif'L c^en ero AOCTofinuM'B enHC- 
soicRaro caHa. ApxienHCRom rnfiBHeHCRift (DyjubRO nocBBTHjrb 
ero Bi» enncRona uoSqancRaro h, xota jUjJiyronrB naBUBaeTi 

ero UTOBCRHMli, HO BTO O^eBHAHO OmHSRH, nOTOMy mOy RBR'B 

m BHAtu, TaRHH'B eDHCRonoMi 6uj[> XpHCTiaH'L. EnapxiK) 
Bflxa cocxaBJflia ho coOcxBeHHaa JnxBa , a PycB jiHxoBCRafl 
H cxoiHi^a ero 6uia bi JIio6q6; oxcioab noHHXHo , qxo jerKo 
6iu[o onniSBXBCfl, naBBiBafl ero enHCRouoMii jiexobcrhitl, a ne 

pyCCROJDIXOBCRHH'b, RaRHMl OHl 6hm Bl A^ftCXBHXeJLbHOCXH) 

Ttwb 6oji6e, qxo h oooHiuajiBHilS ero XHxyjTL 6£ijrL tEpiscopuS 
IitoDiensis» hju «m partibus Lithuaniae». Apyroe ero naBBame 
eoHCRona JooOyccRaro ecxb npocxo HeBlbpnuft nepeBOAi* cl JiaxHH^ 
ciaro clubcensis*. OnpeAi^joixb cb xo^hocxbio cxenenB ycn!b^ 
xoBi ero A^flTejbHOCXH neBOBHoiSHO, noxoMy qxo oxi hoh oc 
laiocb cjnmiROM'b majo ci^aob'b, oaho xojibRo hbbI^cxho, qxo 
Bhx'b , BCRopt no HaBHaqeHiH ero enHCRonoirb, oxnpaBuii 



- 144 - 

ICB nani HHHOReffruo IV oiqen o cocTOflHiH BaTompraMa n 
JLerrst, soioparo mm SHaeifb toako sariaBie: «De Christia- 
norum in LithoYia conditione deplorabili ad sanctiflflimiim et be- 
atissimum patrem, dominiua Innoceatiiim papam qaartum, fir. Yiti^ 
ordine Praedicatorum , Episcopi litomensis ep]stola> ^^^ Sana- 
Bie AoaaauBaerB, mo ycni^xH 6uih Main, a xorxa Bwn npi- 
ftxajTb Bi CBOX) enapxiio, no ciiepTH MuuoBra, ai 1264 roxy, 
TO owb namen, qio Bcb ipyAU ero nponan A^poHii: nrofiipi 
H pyccBie oRasancb bi Taioft CTonem BpaameSraDiH pmicxoMy 
EaT0JOii](H3][y , iTo ocRopfiHin CBoero enHCRona , nopuBajncb 
ySHTb ero h panennaio BuraaiH nsi npeA&iOBi J[itbu. 
ORonqaxejubHO pascTpouB'L sAopoBbe, eniCROffb fpMmtwb 6ujr& 
OTRasaibCfl oT'b AUbHi&JbnHi'b noABiffOBii h npoaum Ronei^ 
CBoefi SHSEH B'b SpaROB^ ; OH^ yMepi bi 1269 roAy^^^- 
npeACTaBiennoe hsii amsHH Bnxa coSuiie Hoserb c^siib 
ly^numii AORaaaxeJCbCTBOVb , ^T0 oipe^enie MraAdBra i eqe 
6ojAe nocJii^AOBaBmafl sa ero CMepibio A^^flreibHOCTb wo cuHa 
Bottmejira, ne toaro npaBociaBnaro, no jiame Monaxa, ooi^ 
Bomffiach roneHieifb na pemcrhxii RaionROBi h cauiit oti- 
tdXb enHCRona mn Bocnocjr&AOBaib toju>ro BCJitACXBie y6ts- 
Aenifl, qro a^JIO RaTOJiHi^Bifa B'b JIhtb^ h na Pycn oRon^a- 
xejEbno nponrpano. He pante Rnasenifl Bnreneca Siecnyia nfi- 
ROTopaa naAesA^ yinepAnTb xajrb nenaBHCinoe napoAy Bl^po- 
HcnoB^AOHie : aiOT'b RHESb 6ujrb conanHRom pnaoRaro apxie- 
nncRona Bb 6opb6i^ ero cb RpecTonoci^aMH h, ecju^ToibRO 
Bl^pHTb noAunnocTn BBB^cTHbii'b nHCOMi reAHMnna ^^\ npo- 
CM'b apxienncRona npHciaib R'b neiiy AByxi* ^pampicRancRHi'b 
MonaxoBb, npn qeHii nsB^qajTb, qio ntjn erul yse nocipoenb 
RaTOJoraecRift Rocxejcb, no Rpecxonociyi xonHjm uh B^majm 
BucbuaeMuxi nonaxoBb, a Rocxei'b, neH3B!bcTH0 rA'b nocxpo- 
eHHufiy comrm B'b OAHOM'b hsi cbohxi na6'broBii« HaMipenie 
BHxeneca, ne ocyn^ecxBRBmeeca BCi!bACXBie saHftqaxeibno 6e3- 



- 145 - 

HpaBCTfieHHoit nojHTHiH opxeHa, npvnHCUfiaioTB h FeAHMMHy, 
lOTopuft BBeAeHieMCL xpHCTiaHCTsa h I^lBHJaI9aI^H AyMaJii c6ih- 
3HTb 6B0H> JiTTBy ci> sanaAHOK) Eeponott h Ttm CAftian 113* 
iHiifflHM'b cfiuecTBOBaHie fleeaBHCTHaro opAOHa. Bi* nHCbvaxi 
cBom on»1323 roAa k% umt loaray XXII, ki opA6Han ao- 
MHHuaHeBoiiy h ^pauAECRaBOKNify h bi raflaellciaiMi rapoABMi^ 
owh BCMO BucRasuBaexi sejaaie KpecTBTbca ci i^&oiM'b cbo*. 
HMi HapoAQMi*) o6i>fl0iiflft, qio ociaeTCB ao chxi nopi rauq- 
HHKOiTb TOttBO BOTONy , ^TO opAefli irbmaexTi euy npHHUXb 
xpHCTiancTBo; npHriaDiaeT^ k% ce6t y^BTeiett Bi^pu m BOo6n^ 
xpHCTiaH'B, B'b ocofieHBOCTB peM6ejeHHiB0Bii, H oSiflBdueTK, nn 
wh Bhah^ h HoBropoAKlb yae eerb pa opaaiMKKaHCBix'b 

ROCTftia, a Tpeiiti A^IB AOMBBMBaBOBl* 6yA6Ti> BUCTpoeB'B B^ 

cKopowb BpeHeBB. KpecTOBOciqii b bi btomii cjiyuai Boenpe- 
nflTCTBOBaiH ocyn^ecTBJieHiM) aaii^peBitt UTOBCBaro krbsb, taiik 
KaKi aflajH, qio cb oSpaqeflieii^ JIbtbu bxi BpHsaaBie go- 
BepiDiiTCB H cA'^JaercB huhbubmi eaiioe oyBiiecTBOBaHie op* 
Aeaa. Ohh ciapaiBCb npeACiaBiTb FeABioiHa o6MaBu<HBOMii 
nepoA^ nanoH) b i^liioio EapoBoii. HasaAaiB bb «lBTBy^ npesAe 
^twb B% ABHHbOBi oOcyAHJiB ero nocjiaHie b abjib euy OTBibrb, 
pasopfljB ero BjaAftBla , DepexBaTHUBaJiB noduaeMuxi n aeMy 
HOflaxoBi B BBBOBOi^'b yfiBiB OFO BocJia, BOTopult txaii Wb 

PBry J(M CBBABBiB CI OXBAdBUIBMB Of TdM'b BBnCBBMB M- 

raiBMB. '^^ Bee 9To Moseii oGiBOBBTb sbmi, noqeiiy TeAH- 

MBBl TBBli ptSKO OTBBBBJICfl 0T1» BUpaSCBBaTO BHl SeJIBflifl 

H BpepBai*b Bci^ cBomefiifl c^ Pbiiomi>; bo ecn 6yAeii^ npra^ 
HaBBTb noAJBBflocTb ero naceHi, to nojtmEu laBse npB3BaTb 

H Cyfl^eCTBOBOflie apH flOM'b BI illHTBft ^paBUBCBaBCRBXl llfHC- 
Cift, BOTOpUXl A'bflTeJUbBOCTb . BDpoyeitT>^ Be im^ISL BBBEKOrO 

ycni^xa) tbbi bbbi bctotobbb flaqero Be roBopaxi o pacnpo* 

CTpafleHlH^ B'b TO BpeUfl , BBTOJIHMBBHa MOttAy JIHTOBI^BMB Hu 

AoaaBM BO BCBBOMi cjiyqat corjacBTbca^ qTo jiBTOBCBie BBABbB 

10 



- 146 - 

SfcllH BeCUfa CRJOHHU Wb npHHHTilD RaTOJIHIUidHa H BL .9T0HI 

iixi sejiaHiH HeASfl ne BH^tTb co3HaHifl bi Heo6xoAHMOCTH 
c6.iiiseHifl cir sanaAOM'L ^ ^to6u TaKHMi oSpasom H36aBHTbCH 
orb B'&qHotI KpoBaBoM 6opb6u ci opAeHOHi». GjrbAOBaBinii sa 
reAHHHHOMi OjBrepxi 6uji Tanse He npoqh KpecTHTbca h aa- 
Ben no 9T0My noBoxy CHomenifl ci HMiiepaTopoirb RapjioMi 
IV, HO Ho6ysA6Hifl itl Kpeqemio h y Hero 6ujh ^hcto nojiH* 
THvecEifl: ohi npnr jauiajii HMnepaiopa 6EiTb nocpeAHHRoMb Bb 
cnopib ero ci opAeuoMi h oOtqaji'b npnHATb xpHCTiaHCTBO, 

eCJIH pbU^apH BOBBpaTflTb JhTB'6 OTOpBBHHblH OT'b Hefl SeMJH, 

RO TBRii RBRi pui^apH 9Toro He CK^MVi, TO HanpaoHO npits- 
sajTb HMnepaTopi wb HasHa^eHHuft f,M Rpen^eHifi ropoxb 
Bpoi^JiaBi, OurepAb Bbicaasajcb pftmnMocTb ocTaTbca b^ hsu- 
qecTBrb, noTomy hto^ RaRi^ roBopHJi^ OH'b, opxeHi sejiaerb He 
oGfMui^eHiH ero, a noAunemfl ce6t ero Bjaxi^Hifi h MoryntecT* 
BeHHMmitt rocyAapb RaToiH^ecRott Esponu BeMoiseTi npiiHy- 
AUTb ero coo6paiOBaTb cboh A'bftcTBiH c^ ipeSoBaHiflMii cnpa- 
BeAJHBOCTH ^^^. Ttirb He Meate OibrepAii ne BOSABHrajTb ro- 
neHJM Ha nponoBi^AHHROBi xpHCTJancTBa h bi T'bxi» ciyqaaxb, 
KOFAa OHH A^^iaJHCb sepifiaMH napoAHott HenaBHCTH wh Earo- 
jiBipiaiiy, OHb HBJflJicfl rocyAapeMi, He Tepnanqui'b npoHSBOJia 

GBOHXl nOAAdHHblXl H HaRBSEIBaJI'b El'b 3a GOBepUieHHOe HUH 

HacHjrie, RaRb 3a Hapymenie cboc it bojh^ A^BaBmett bi JLsTBt 
y6%»Huie BcbMi HC]ioBtAaHiHMi> ^ laKi nocTyoHJi'b owb nocjft 

MUBibCTHarO H36ieHifl ^paHipCRaHOBl E'b BHUHt. OOAPOOHOCTH 

BToro co6biTifl, Raai pascKasuBaeTCfl oho b% il^TonHcaxi, Bcero 
jywic AOKasuBaioT'b HeycntmnocTb Hnccifi, o Roropux'b yno- 

MHHaiOTb HHCbMa FeAHHHHa; JHTOBCROpyCCRllt ji^TOHHCei^'b AHse 

He »HaeTi> odi hxi cyn^ecTBOBaniH h, npHCTynaa ri paacRaay 
nepBOMb noHRjieHiii «paHi9icRaH0B'b bi» JlHiB'b npH OibrepAlb^ 
oMHTdeT-b ce5fl bi> iipaai^ cRaaaTb: <a pHMCRoe B'&pbi bi Am- 
Bt naHi» yse He 6ujo» ^^^. BoflpHHi OjbrepAa FaniTOJbA'b, 



— 147 — 

iipRSBaBmitt ^paHiufCKauoBi bi» BnJibHy, npHHHJt'L KaTOiH^ecTfio 
coBepmeHHo cjiy^iaftflo n npn tobtl ne bi> JlHTBt : 6yAy^H cia- 

(K)CTO]0 Bli KaMOHI^t HOAOJlBCfiOM'L , OWb HOdBaROMBJiCH CI Ba- 

HON-b ByqauiiSHM'L ^ ynpaajiflBuiflM'L nojibCROH) MacTbio IIoAOJiiH, 
tiacTo Kh flany 'b^AHJi'b b^ njiibBflcb KpacoTOio ero Ao^epB, spo- 
cHJii efl pysH. BpacBBafl BOJbCKaH saBua b oh orei^'b Oujtb 
corjacHU noni^ tkwb TOibKo ycjioBieifb, qroSu FamTOJibA'b 
ocTaHHJTb flSbnecTBO B BOSBOJHjn OBpecTBTb oe6H. FamTojrbA'b 
npBBflj'L KaTOJfli^BaHi, seBHJiGfl B CRopo nepe'6xaj['b bi BBJb- 
Hy^ FAi^, BO BOJi'6 OjbrepAB, aafiflji sasBoe b BJiiflTejibfloe 
Mtero KBBsecKaro HaMtcTBBRa. TyAa BpBSsaji'b owb m% Ilojb- 

UIB 14 ^paBipCRaUOBl, BOeipOBJl J{M BBXI HOBaCTUpb B Ta- 
RHMl oOpaaOMl BOBTOpaeTli JtTOBBCei^'L, cBaBBepBie BpBflBJb 
B'Jbpy pRMCRyH) B no JIbTBBI BpBBeCb*. HapOA^ OTBOCBJICfl 

Rpaftse B66iaronpiflTBo b BpasA^^HO wh flpBftbiBBiBiirb mobb- 
xan'b; Ta caiiafl BeaaBBCTb wh RBTOJiBipEBMy, ROTOpafl tbri 
secTORO npeRpaiBJia asocTOJibCRyH) A^fliejibBOCTb esBCRona 
BHTa, Do5yABJia BapoAi 6Bte secToqe BociysBTb ci» opanuB- 
CKBHaMB. KorAB OjbiepA'b n ramTo.iibA'b OTBpaBBJiBCh bi no- 
xoAi Ba MOCROBCRue rocyAapcTBo h rofab ocTaBaBniifiCB npa- 
BHTejieMii , cbifli BejBRaro rbbsb, BjiBABMipi* Toase RyAa to 
Butiajii y B'B ropoA'b noflBBJiacb sapasa , orb ROTopott jiioab 

YHBpajB CB BeoSblRBOBeBBOH) SuCTpOTOH). 9X0 BecqaCTi«^ 6bIJ0 

oSiflCfleBO Tbwb^ HTO ^paB^BCRaBe^ CTpeHBCb nory6BTb fiecb 
HapoA^, pa36pacb[BajiB noBcioAy baobbtoo BeqeciBO. FopoACRia 

BiaeTH BOBtpBJEB TBROMy OGlflCBeBiH) B, BpBdBBB'b BHBOBHOCTb 

OtABUXi MOBaxoB'b^ ocyABJiB Bxii Ba BBrBBHie, BO MoaaxB Be 

XOl^AB nOA^BBBTbCfl TBROMf ptinOBiK) B npOGBJIB^ qTu6bi BJia 

CTH oOoKABJiB BOBBpaqeBifl KB. BjaABMipa. 9to Be6jiaropa3yM- 
Hoe yiiopcTBO npoBBBejio CHJibBoe BOJiBCBie B'b ropoA*; aapoA'b, 
cooiipaacb TOjnaMH. HHCToft>iBBO AOMorajcfl BainafliH MOBaxoBb, 
BJiacTB, Be atejiafl A^K^^'TBoaaTb BacHJiieMb, npoTBBHJiHCb b 



- 148 - 

ffihuii TOJiny fip RpailHflro pasAPHseHifl, soTopoe^ Hasoneui, 
uonyrajio MonaxoBi* m sacTaRHJio oahhxi> KCRaTb cnacemH bi 
6'6rcTBt, APyrnxi me yep'^nHTbCfl bi MOHacTuplk. Hapoxi bu- 
6hji^ ABepH H BUTan^Hj'B necqacTHUXT* Ha puHORi», rut ceiiepo 
m'b HHXi> 6um H3py6jieHU, ocTaJbHue, cxBa<ieHHue mxh Ah- 
TOKOjeM'B, noABepriHCb ae Meal^e MyqHxejibHoit CMepni: Tpeii 
pacnflJH Ha Rpecxax'b, a qeTupi^^ii SpocHjn b'b ptoy, npi 
newb HapoAT> npHroBapHBajCB: ^bu npiraiJiH cb Baxoxa cojuqa, 
Ha aaxoAii h oofiAeTe». Bee bto cjiyiiH.iocb 6 Mapxa 1365roAa. 
OjibrepA^, BOBBpaTHBHiHCb H3i» noxoxa^ 6biJb CHjibHO pasxpa- 
seHi> caMoynpaBCTBaMik aapoxa y owb paacHaTpHB&i'b HaGieeie 
o^paHuncKanoBii . RaHi MflTe2Ri>, h HaRaBajii ero AocrofiHUNi 
o6pa30Mi>: oahhi m'h rjaBHUx'b aRpef^oBi. mecTb ueuoBi ro- 
poACRaro ynpaBJienifl, 6ojite paAi^iTH ^hrobhhrob^ h cjiyisH- 
Tejefi Ha^ajibHHRa saMRa, TpBAi^aTb M&qan'b, rbrti jraTOBi^eRBi 
TaRi> H pyccRBX'b, Bc^, RaRi BHHOBHue Bi MflTesft H y6ifleTBt, 
6um HaRaaaHbi CHepibio^ qpesi 0Tpy6jeHie rojOBU hjh ^e 
pe3^ noB'biHeHie, rapHHBOH'B saiaa 6ujiii CMtoeHi h HaBHaqeii 
HOBUfi HanajbEHRi), MHorie ocynA^HU na HsrHaHie hbi ropoxa. 
^^^ FamTOJibA'b npHBBan HOBbixi ^pampicRaHOBi h nocrpoin 
liwh HOBbiit MonacTupb, tbri Raab nepBuS Suurb, oqeBHAH<)^ 
paapymeH'b napoAOHi^ BHOBb npHSMBmie noceujiHCb wb BHJbBt 

H Hh JlHA'b^ HO BI» HOCJl'&AHeM'L FOpOAli HOBTOpUICb yOlllcTBa, 

coBepiueHHUfl bi> BHjbHib H wb 1369 roAy npHuieAinie MOHaxi 
6b[JiH H36HThi. ^^^ O^eBHAHO, HaRBsaHie) noHeceHHoe saqHHnpi* 
RaMH BHJieucKaro MflTesa ^ He npoHBBejio acoSeafio CHAHaro 
BneiBTJcbHifl , jhtobi^ npoAOj[sa.iiH BpasAefino OTBOCHTbCR n 
TtM'b HeMHoraifL nponoB^AHHRaMii sanaAa, Roropue ocm^h- 

BBJIHCb npnXOAHTb Kb EJUM'b BO BTOpOft HOJIOBHHib XIY Btaa, ^^^ 

H ecjiH HB nopeprajiH hxii oTRpuxoMy roHeHiH) , to era- 
pajiHCb BCflMecRH noBpeAHTb hitb^ Hanp. cxBaxuBajui bo apeHfl 

npOHOB'bAH H 06BHHflJIH npeAl» RHflSeH'b RBRI SyHTOBU^HROBl, 



- 149 - 

RoafiysABioutuxi napoAi rl HenoBHHOBeHiio. RoHe^HO, tojiiiKO 
itoKpoBHTeACTBo, ORaauBaeMoe xpHcriaHaMi O.iBrepAOH'B h ero 
ii'P'biiitaH BJiacTb cnacajiH necqacTHUxi oti xajibHMmaro npe* 
citAOBaHifl. HpHMtpi^ noATBep»AaH)]i(ift naiini cjiosa mm yse 
BH^^tjH Bi> Knupet, SyAyiueiWB enHCRont BueHCROirb: OjibrepAi 
rojeoGhjii ero^ OKadMBajrb eny AOBtpie h hhrto ho cm^jh ero 
TpoHyTb^ HO QTO ycHJrifl ero pacripooipaHHTb RaT0JiHUH3H'b 6um 

TmeTHIil^ H dTO A0EH3UBaeT0H erO CROpUH'b OT'b'&SAOH'b mi> 

jHTOBCRaro rocyAapcTBa. 

Tamnrb oGpaaoMb bt» HCTopiH RaTOJiHaHSna wb Jhtb^ mu 
BMAHiiii HJDi SesnjiOAHUfl noouTRH pacnpocTpaHHTb ero mh se- 
cTORyio pacnpaay Hapo^a ci HesBaHHUMH npocB'bTHTejflMH^ He 

CMOrpfl Ha TO, MTO npaBHTeJIbCTBO^ pyROfiOAHHOe nOJHTHHeCKHMH 

coo6paseHiflMH , sejaBmee cOjusenifl ci sanaAHOxpHCTiaHCKOM) 
EBponofi, irpnHHMajio hxi hoati cBoe aoRpoBHrejibCTBo h crpo- 
ro uaKaauBajio HapoAHOc caaioynpaBCTBO. OSpan^aacb leiiepb 
K-b HCTopin rpeqecRaro npaBOCjaaiH , mu bhahmii coBepmenno 
HHoe: jHTOBi^u HHa^e oTHOCRTCfl Kb pyccRHM'b nponoB^AUHRaMb, 

nfkm R'b RaTOJHRBM'b , XOTfl peJIHIlH T%Tb H APyrHXl OUH- 

tiaercfl He oco6eHRO BaweuMH paBjH^aiiH; laRoe npoTHBypt^ie 
o&bflCHiieTCfl TbH'b orpoMHUHi BJDflHieM'b^ ROTopoe BHAm Vh 
JhtbIi pyccRie; no cnpaseAJniBOMy sani^^aHiio nojibCRaro hc- 
TopHRa MHoroqHCJieHHue 6paRH, saRJiioqaeHbie Him Cb jqitob- 
CRHMH iReHn^raaMH ^ npoHaeejiH coBepmeHHoe CMl^mcHie oOonxi 
HapoAOBi, npH ^eiTb pyccnie oOLivaH^ pyccRoe npaao m^ Roneq 
HO, pyccRoe npaaoC'iaBie Bdfljm aepxi hhai* flsuqecROio i^hbh- 
jHsaiMett; ^^^cb Apyrott CTopoHU secTOROcxb npencTaBHTejieft rh- 
TOAnpaMa — irpecTOHOci^eBi h otibcth HanpaBJieme RdTOjiH^ecRa- 
ro Ay^oHCHCTtia, cSojtte saHRHaioH^arocfl noJiHTHRoit, Hexejin 
.laSoTflH^arocfl oot* iiHiepecaxi pejiHrin*, *'* AocTaTO^HO 06 b 
HCHfliorb HaHi> nenaBHCTh, KOTopyio HHTajin jihtobqu r^ sa- 
naxHOMy xpncTiaHCTBy. MewAy TtM'b ohh ORaauBajHCb secbiia 



— 150 ~ 

eBanrejibCBlfl hcthhu, npoHHBaBuiifl ri hhmi nyTeMi> MHpa h 
TaRHXii TO nponoB'&xHHROB'B, y5t8AaiOHi(Hxi>, a He nacHiyiOfliHxi 
Bucujiajia wh HiurL Pycb , qTO h 06'LflCHfleT'B Heo6uRHOBeRHo 
oucTpue ycntxH npaaociaBifl^ coBpeMeHH nepBaro ero nouBje- 
Wh JlHTBi^. IlepBEix'B nposeiHTOBii OHO Hainjio wb ueHaxi» rhh 
secRaro po^a, ROTopue hb'l nojiHTmecRHXii coo6paseBifi n 

COfiCTBeHHUX'L HHTepeCOB'L OXOTHO npHHHHaJDI pycGfiyH) Btpy, 

noTOMy qio cl neio ohh nojyqajm BOdHosHocTb soHHTbCR Ha 
Aoqepflxii coctAHHxi pyccRHXi RHRsefi H 6pajH bii npHABHoe 
pycGRifl RHa&ecTBa. Haii tbrhxii noSysxeHifi nomoam ORpe- 
cTHTb ce6fl ABa njieMflHHHRa HaHAOBra , ApBHTi hih ^OBMOHn 
H ToBTHBim, a ipeTifi, TpofiHaiii, ecM h ocTajicfl bi> BBKNe- 
cTBt, TO cuwb ero He TOJbRo npHHRjEi iipaBOCJEBie , HO A^xe 
npoHSHecb MOHauiecRie oSi^TU h, hoa^ HMeHen EjHcefl^ 6uji 
HacTOflTejieM'b ocHOBanHofi hn'l SjHS'b HoBorpoARa lanpu cb. 
Hjqh. BpaTBH TpofiA^Ha TaRSRe HSBtcTHU, rbri npHHRBmie Rpe 
lifCHie^ a 5paTi» FeAHMEHa^ Bohhi, rh. noioipaft oocjr&AOBaji 
HX'B npHtf'&py; ho 9th h eqe MHorie Apyne cjiyqaH OTpeqenifl 

JHTOBCRHXl RHHaeM OTl fldUqeCTBa (60ltG MM HeHte HdBtCT- 

Hue) emfi nnqero He AOBasuBaioT'L, ohh Suu cjramfiOHi Ha- 

JOqHGJieHHU CpaBHHTeibHO CL MaCOOH) OCTaBaBHIHXCfl Bl» asM- 

UeCTB'& H He HOME BJQflTb HB H3Mi&HeHie pejDirio3Huxi noHflTiii 

i^jiaro HapoAB, TtMi> Sojiie, ^to MHorie hb'l tbrhxi* RHflsefi, 

Al^jaflCb npaBHTOJIflMH pyCCRHXli RHflSeCTB'b^ OCTBBJIfllH JiHTBy 

H CTaHOBHJHGb coBepmeHHO HM nefl HY^ff^^^- BojibmHMH no 
cj'bACTBiflMH conpoBosAajocb o6pan][eRie Bofimejira hjh Boii- 
cHJbRa, cuna HHHAOBra; npHHaBi npaBocjiaBie , ohi nocTpHrcfl 
CHa^ajia bi MonacTupfi nojiOHHHCROirb , a hotomi srha bi 
ynoNflHyToit Jiaapt cb. HjIh h RorAa, nocjit TparH«iecRcilf 
cMepTH oTi^a, OHii BSflJiCfl, Ha BpeHfl , aa ynpaBjenie^ xorAa orii 
liosejajn pacnpocrpaHHTb bi CBoeHX rocyAapcxBi^ Ty Bi^py , 



— IBl — 

KOTopyiD caMi McnoB'bitUBajii. Ob trroio ulkaio^ b% 1265 roxy, 
oHi» cHOCHJCfl cfb mnwwh HOBropoACKHMi CBflTocjaBOMi flpo- 
c.iaBHq€M'b, soTopufl o6'&ii^ajix npHCJiaib Wb nevy AyxoBHuxii 

H31> IICROBa, XOpomO SHaBOHia^ CB flSUKOMli H oSUMaHMH JIH- 
TOBUeBl» H ^ CJi%AOBaT6JlbH0 ^ BJiaAl^BinHX'L BCtMH BB^iecTBaiin, 

HeoOxoAHMUMH HM ycntniHoft nponoBl^Xn cjiOBa6osifl flSMHec- 
RHH'L noAAdHHUM b Boftniejira ^^\ Ho h 6e8i aTHXi xyxoBHUX^, 

ROTOpUl'B He 3imeMX HaBtpHO, A^itCTBHT6JIbH0 Jill OHM 6um 

upHCJiaHU , Siuio MHoro TaKHXi , Rorapiiie , npu ycuiBninxca 
cuomeBiflxi c% Pycbio^ nepexoxMH h3'b Hea B:b JHTBy h npo- 
CBtn^aJH ee cBtTovb xpHCTiancTBa. GaMoe nfeutuwrne, K(i- 
TopoMj noABeprb Bofinieifb yOitti^i CBoero OTi^a^ yBejHquo 

MHCIO JIHTOBCKHXl XpHCTlaRl, TBRl RBRTi 300 JblTOBI^eB'L C^ 

seHaHH H A'bTbMH, cnacaflcb otii rofiemfl, fiisajH vb flcRosi 
H Taii^ specTHincb; TyAa se 6i&sajni Aobmoht'l^ laase npi 
HflBmitt Rpen^eHie c^ HHeneM'b TnMoetH n^ m> RaqecTBib iicrob- 
caaro RHaaa , ocraBHBiniit o ceOt cjiaBHyv) naHRTb wb jAtq- 
HHCflxi ^^^. UfkTh coMHtHia, qTo HHorie mh aiHX'b dl^Hei^oa^, 
BopoTHBiinicb Ha poAHHy no cMepni BoitmejEra, ooxpaHHiH cboh) 

HOByiD Bipy no CMepTH H MOrJDI CRJIORHTb MHOrHXl* CBOHXl 

cooTewcTBeuHHKOBb Hocji'^AOBaTb Hxi npimftpy; inocJiiA^^TBiH, 
MM Bcrptqaem eu^e 6oji1be cjiyqaeB'b, BorAa Mfctbo bi co- 
ctAHDi) Pycb jEHTOBCEaro KHR3fl C'b MHOFoqHCJieHHoiD Apy»aHoio 
Bejio 3a coSoH) Rpen^eme ero h ero cnyTHHROB'b; TaROBi aanp. 

flBHyTl^^l BpaRH JHTOBCRHX'b RHI36il Oh pyCCRHMH RHaSHa- 

mi, ecxecTBeHHo npHBOAHBmie nepabixi vb npaaocjiaBiH), ho 
BH!bcTb (Tb Tiwb oTpuBBBUiie HX'b QTb Jhtbu, cl Ha^ajia XIV 
Bl^Ra BBRJiionRioTCfl TaRRHi> o6pa30Mi^ TOO He RHHSbH ytssa- 
wn B-b Pycb^ a pyccRia rhrshu nepecejaioTCfl vb JbiTBy; no- 
jaraioTb, hto ffit noci^AHiH seHu FeAHiDina^ Oura h Ebr 
6uih pyccsifl^ npnM'bpy OTi^a nocj^AOBaJi^ n OibrepA'b, ROTo 
paro nepsafl sena 6uJia Hapia^ RHasaa BHTeScRaa, a BTopaa 



- 152 — 

H)jriaHHa TBepCKafl. TaKie6paRH HenpeMiHHUMi nocj'^xcTBien 
cBOHMi HM^H yB6jmeHie qicjia xpHCTiaHi «h JbiTBt: Hest- 

CTU BeJIOiEXl BHHSeit JIHTOBCBHX'L taajH BI» CBOe HOBOe OTe- 

qecTBo Bi conpoBOSAOHiH HHoraiii jam;h AyxoBHaro SBaHifl, ro 
Topufl AonsHU 6ujni ompaBJUTb CorocjyseHie bii evl uep- 
iBaxi, cnaqajia aomobuxi, a noTOM^ OTRpmo BOSABHraeHuxi 
Ha njLomfiiffii'b hubuu h Apyrnxi ropoxoB'L. JltTOioicca^'B, h» 
xaHHfcit AaHHiOBiraeMi>, ynoHHoaerB noAi 1347 roAy uiepioBb 

€B. HHKOJiafl H) KOHeUHO, He 6yA6Tl npOHBBOJbHNM'b H HeOCHO 

BareibHUMTi npeAnoioseHie, tto ohb cyniiecTBOBajiaH paHJbnie ^^^ 

Hdl pyRODHCH CBflqeHHHBa JIOASHTU HBB'&CTHO , ^TO 60^6 pBHlbe, 

osojio 1331 roAa, 6ujia nocipoeua i^epROBb cb. IlapacRe- 
Bu — IlflTHmpii , na itcrb ap^bhafo flsuqecKaro xpaiia 6ora 
ParyTHca. ycepAHoe qecxBOBame dToro JiHTOBCKaro Baxyca, wb 
coBAHHeHiH ci ropfl^Hi o6osaHieMii ero cnyTHHqu, Ootbhd 
ParyTHHe — nara , Mono ne nonpaBHTbca HSB^CTHOny cBoew 

B03A6P>KH0CTB]D Oj&FepAy H 06ROp6j[AIO CTUAfflBOCTb UepBOt 

ero cynpyiH, tbr^ ^TOxpaMi Oujiii yHH^xoseffB h hb Micrt 
ero BOSABHTHyra npaBociaBRafl i^epKOBb. '^^ Ho ciMtan J!oa- 
3flTU, dTO 6£ij[a nepBafl xpHcriaHCRafl CBBTUHfl bi BuBut, ho 
HBi HBBtcmiraii HHcem reAKMiHa bhaho, qxo noAo6iioe yr- 
BepsA^Hie oniH6oqHO. BjiaroqecTHBafl peBHocTb lofi ase cynpyri 
OjBrepAa cobabib h TpeTBio npaBociaBHyH) i^epROBb b^b cto- 
anlb juTOBCRaro rocyAapcTBa , bo hma ycnemfl npeqecToft 
AtBu HapiR. ^^^ npHHHHafl bo BHRMBHie BjdflHie seH'B oeiH- 
RHXi RHflsett, yBanoHie ri upaBOCJiaBiio^ ROTopoe aoishu 6ujui 

BURaaUBBTb RHflSBfl ^ TBRl RBRl 60AUiaH ^aCTTb HX'b nOAASH' 

Huxi ero HiaioBtAUBajia HBROHei^i npHcyxcTBie npH ABop'6 
BHawTeAHaro mcia npaBocJiaBHUxi AyxoBHbIX^ ^ ROHeqHo, 
wntewh noiHoe npaao npeAnojaraib, ^ro bth Ay^OBHue He oc- 

TBBaJIHCB paBHOAymHUMH SpHTeJIflMH BBUMeCTBa H MHoraxi RBin- 

imROBB oSpaqajEH bi xpRciiaHCTBo^ tbwb ho Mente roonoA- 



— 153 - 

cTByDipeH), roeyAapcTBeHHOM) penriei ocraBaiocb flsuraecTBo 
H eciH HOBoofipauteHHiie oTBpuTo oTpeBaiHCB OTB Hero H HC- 
msAfffasLJOL npeBOcxoxcTBO xpHCTiaHCTBa, to orb momh boa- 
BepiHyrbCfl roHeHieM'L. Tan cAfjerb oOiflCHflTb coxpaHBB< 
meecfl ESBd^crie o ipexi My^eHHiax'b npaBOCJiaBifl bi JHTBt, 
vh nepBHe vom BBflseHifl OurepAa. He CHorpa na to, tto 
dTHiTb oasTOMi, o6iiBHOBettHO, HOJibdyioTCH j^u AOKasaTencTBa 
opecjii^XOBaHifl npaBocjiaBiB b'l JbiiTB% Ham Kasercfl, qToom 
XOHasuBaeTL TOjbRo naAenie asmecTBa h CKpUToe noKpoBH- 

TeibOTBO^ KOTOpBIMl HOJUbBOBaiOCb HpaBOCIBBie orb IHTOBCKHX'b 

BHflseft. A^a popbix^ 6paTa, Syueil h MHXJiett, npH^jHseH- 
Hiie OibrepAa, noaaoBaBmiecfl oeoSeHHUirb ero pacnoiosenieM'b, 
6un oSpaH^eHU wb npaBOCjaaie HOHaxoifb HecTopoirb, hjub- 

HUOlTb BBJOIHOft KHflrHHH HapiH H IipH Rpeni(eRiH HpHHflJOI HMOHa 

loaHHa H Ahtohui. ftcnoiHfla ch peBHOCTbio HOBOoOpaqeHHuxiiBclb 
npexiiHcaHifl noBoti peiHiiH, ohh nepecTaiH npHcyTCTBoaaTb npH 
ffsmecRoiTb 6oroejyseBiH, npa sepTBonpHHOHieHiflxi h Apyrsxi, 
noAoCflux'b ase i^epeMOHiflxii h o6ipnnax'b^ nepecTam ynoTpeG- 
UTb Mflco wh DOCTHue A™ H 9T01D nepeii^HOiD Wb o6pa8i^ 
SHBim o6paTHiH Ha ce6fl Bceo6n^ee BHHMame; to qro npoxoxHJio 
HesaM^qeHHUM'b ji,m Tiicaqet jmroBi^eBi^ nepexopBmHX'b wh 
npaBociaBie, ne mofjo ocTaTbca bi TafiHi, thbi Kaui m^a, 
ROTopuxi Efpn p^qb) sanHMajiH BecbMa BUCORoe noioseHJe 

H 6lUH, TBRl CRasaTb, HB BHAy y BC^Xl. ^JH C06jlH)AeHifl 

npHjraqift citAOBaio HaRasaTb oTCTynHBROBi oTeqecRott Btpu 
H OnrepA'b nocjiaj'b cbohxi> jio6HHiteB'b bi Tiopbiiy, npflrpo- 
3HBI HiTb, HTO OHH ButtAyTii oTTyAH He HHa^e^ HaRi HOA'b yc- 
JioBieHi BoaBpaqemfl kl flsuqecTBy. loaHHi ne B£iTepn<6jrb 
aaRiioqemfl h , BupasHB'b acejiaHie HcnojiHHTb bojiio aejiRRaro 
RHg3fl, 6bijrb HeHeAieHHO ocBoGoaKAeni; AnTOHift se, ooTaBUiittCH 
BipHUMi HOBoft pejiHilH, Gujii nepeBeAOHi bi Apyryio, 6ojifte 
TicHyio H Mpawyio TeMHHi^y^HecMOTpH, opaROXi, na yxyAuienie 



— 154 — 

cBoeti yqacTM ^ ofii> 6uji> oqeub en AOBOjeui, npociafijflji 
Bora H y6'6jRAaj['L EpecTiiTbcn HapoAi»^ ROTopuft noAXOxu'B h-l 
OKHy ero TeHHHi^M CHaqaja hb'l JiioOomiTCTBa, a noToirb, npn- 
BJieEaeMutt ero iiponoB'6Ai«K), creRajica ace 6oj[bmHMR Maccaiin 
H TOjnaHH oSpan^ajica wu npaaocjaBie. loanHi, BoaBpaTRBniificn 
Rii H3uqecTBy ne AOJiro mofb BUHOCHTb coaHBHie CBoero ot- 
cTynHHqecTBa; 5yAy9R, cl oahoA cropoHfaL, CBHA^TejeirB CBflTofi 
peBHooTH Opaxa^ a ci Apyroft, ROxepaB^ yaaseHie Bctxi ero 
aflaBiiiHX'b, MTOBifeBi ashiqEBROBi h npaBoejiaBHuii> pyccRiixi^ 
RaKi HOJOBtRi HdMtHHBmifi AByM'b peMriflMi, oHii Bnajiii B^ 
HeMHJiocTb y caMaro OjibrepAa, Roiopuft roBopHJi'b^ ^lo ii3Mt 
HHBUiiit pyM'b pejiHiiflMb He Moserb 6uTb BftpeR^ CBoeiiy ro- 
cyAapio. Ohii bopothjigh bi daRJUO^eme h cQeAHHeHHUH yciLiia 
SpaxbOB'b, uxi OAyinoBJieHHafl nponoB'bAB, o6pa]i(aioii(afl utjufl 

TOJnU ^ CTaJH rp03HTb BCOHy JHTOBOROMy RSU^eCTBy \ TOJbSO 

TorAB, BorAB a^^o Aomio yjRe ao ^aRoft RpattHOCTH, bsbojiho- 
BaiHCb npen^bi h, HcnuTaBi HBA'b saRiioqeHHUMH act cpeACTBa 
yrp03ij H o6ojibn^eHifl ^ o6paTHiHCb rl sejfflROMy rhrsk) ci 
ftpocbfioK) BUA&Tb ETb HB cHopTb. IIoaoseBie OjbrepAB 6ujio 
BecbMB saTpyAHOTejibHo ^ OH'b, oqeanABO^ ho sejiaji'b cMeprn 
npejRHHXi) cBOHXi iio6HMi^eB'b^ Ho^ OTRasaai bi npocb&b spe 

UOBl, Hon BOSCTaHOBHTb npOTHBl Ce6fl • RBUqRHROB'b, ROTopue 

npoAOJURBJiH paBCMBTpHBaTb CBOH) Bi^py, RaRii roGnoACTByioiKyio, 
oTRpuToe npoTBByAtilcTBie Roxopoil aojisho 6ujo 6uTb HaBH- 

3aH0: OH'b COrjaCHJICfl H AHTOHift H lOBHHl, BblTepntB'b pa3 
JIH^Hblfl MyRH , 6UM nOB'bmeHU. npHMtpii HXl He OGTaJCH 

6e3'b nojpaaiaHifl^ A^iae bii toS Bucnieft ceepib, R^ ROTopofi onu 
npHOHAJievKajiH : ax'b poACTBefiHURi Hh»iijo^ tbrso 83% npHx- 
BopHKixii OjTbrepAa^ noAo6HOHH'b npHHHji'b npaBocjiaBie cb hmp 

HeMX EBCTa<&ifl H, ho AOBOJIbCTByaCb OTHH'b^ CTajI'b otkphto 

ero HcnoB'^AbiBaTb ; ROHeqHO, nocjrb HsSieHia nepauxb Asyxb 
Hej[b3fl 5bij[o HHavie nociyiiHTb cb TpexbUMii h oh^ noAaeprcfl 




r- 155 - 

Toft Be yqacTH^^'. PaacsaaaHHutt ciyqaft MOserB ciysHXh 
AoiaaaTejbCTBOirb, qio JEHToscKoe HSuqecTBO, SHaqmeJibHo yse 
oeia6ftBi> Ki nojQfiHHft XIV Btaa, othocbjoo]» rb npaBOdsaBiio 
5e3i Bcasott HCHaBHCTH; HapoA'B oxotho ojiymaj'b xpncTiaHcsyio 
nponoB!bAi» > oxotho npiiHHMajrb speiqeHie tojmo, aoTAa nepe- 
xoxi> Kh flpaBocjaaie coaepiuajicfl i^ftiUMR TOJOiaMH, speipj 
BuxoAHjDi m'h anaiiH h npHHHMajiH MApu npoTHB'B rjaBRuxi 
BMHOBHHsOBii ; Tojma se oGpaTHBiDHXCfl HUKBROMy npecjrbAOBH- 
Hiio He noABoprajiacB. BucoKoe nojioseaie ipexi HaaBaaaHxi 
jHMHocTeft H cjHiiiBOii'B ropfl«iaH peBHOCTb Hxi Kb npaBOuaBUD 
6ujia npMqHHOio vi'h My^eHHqecsoft cMepra, juoah npocTue, hc- 
nojiHHBQiie oSpflAU HOBofi pejiariH, ae oTapuTO nepoAi BctMH^ 
a y ce6a aa AOMy, 6ujh cnoRottau on bchrhxb roaeaitt. Aa 
BBBMe He Mono h 6uTb, ecjH acnoHHHH'B, qio 6ojibaiaa qacib 
noAAaHHUxi JiaroBCKHX'b KHflseft Gbuih pyeeaie, acnoBiAUBaB- 
mie npaaocjaaie a, Koae<jHo^ sejiaamie ero pacnpocipaaeaia, 
fiBBBba ocTaK)Tca Bi fl3uqecTB%, ao oaadUBaiOTii kb aeny 
nojaiftniyio xoJioAaocTb a, laeaacb aa pyccaax'b aaaaiaax'b^ 
CTaaarx ce6a ai Aoaonao cipaaaoe nojoseHie flaauxi npoA 
CTaBHTejeit a saqaTaHROBii rocyAapcTaeaaoJi aduqecaoft pe- 
jBiia a lafiaiixii noapoBHTejie& npaaoojiaBia. Hxi a'^^th^ bu- 
pocxaa aoAB aaAsopoai Haiepefi , paao apaBuaaiOTb ai xpa- 
GTiaacaBM'b noaariaH'b a npeACTaaieaiaMB a aayqaiOTCfl cb 
oTBpaqeaieH'b ajra, noapaitaefl Htpt, cb xojioABOCTbio OTHocHTbCfl 
Ri» fldbraecTBy ; a'b ocoOeaaocTa AO^epa, aaai* 6oj[te noABepra- 
joqiaca ajdaaiK) Haiepett, AOJi»au 6ujih acnoBtAuaaTb npa- 
Bocjaaie; AORaaaTejbCTBo loay HOftao BHA'bTb bb aaaicTiflxi 
AtTonacett, aoiopua coo6ii^aioTi saiiyscTBt Aoqepefi Ojbrep- 
Aa cb pyecaaMa aaasbaoia, npa qeMi> HMeua bthxb Ao^epeit 
xpHCTiaHCida a aaqero ae roaopHTca apen^eaia bxi> nepeAi> 
6paaoHi>, qTo 6wio 6u aeo6xoAHHO ^ ecjui6'b oat ociaaajHCb 
Vh aBuqecTBlb ^^ ; cjiyqaa apea^eaia axi, npa buxoa^^ 3a 



- 156 -- 

RHflseft fiaTOjraqecRHXb ^ MasoBeuRHii h noJibCBHiii ^ oSiiciifl 
iOTCfi Ttwb^ mo sanapoo xyxoBOHCTBO, npesHaBafl npaBOCjas 
\\wi% HeHCTHHHbiMH xpHCTiaHaMH^ noqTH flBmHHRaMH, xpeSoBaJo, 
npH sasjioqeHiH OpaROBi, nxi HOBaro RpeqeHifl mh^ Rasi Bupa- 
saoTCfl ll^jyroiu'L, J^onoAuemE Rpeqemfl, no naqajia XV Btea. ^^^ 
4to fte Racaexcfi MyscRaro noxoMciBa , to, RaseTCfl , bc6 
cuHOBbH FeAHHHHa, 3a ucRJOOWHieMi KeiicTyTa, Sujih npaBoc- 
MBHUMH. Ji^M HacL BaffiH'be Bcero BonpocB o npaBocjianH O.ib- 
repAA) ROToparo, oSlirhobohho, BucTaBUfOTb HSu^HHROifk; h3- 
BtcTie JDiTOBCRopyccRaro ei'&TonHci(a, ROTopuft npflMo roBopHTb, 
qio OjibrepA'B, aReHHBmncb na RHflrrat lOjriaHHi, npHHRjn j^jir 
Hefl pyccRyio Bibpy^ ^^^ oTBepraeTca aa towl maiRoirb ocho- 
BaHiH, ^TO JitTomcei^i 6ujli> BBCAee'b B'b saSjyaiAeHie jos- 
HUMH cjiyxaHH BtpoHcnoBtAaHlH Bej[HRaro rhrsr, ROTopue 
paonycRajHCb pyccRHMH; ho ecu He B'bpflTb aioiiy TouoMy 

H BBipaSHTOJIbHOHy CBHA'bTeJIbCTBy ^ nOBtpflT b , MOaRCTb 6UTb, 

HBAHHCH Ha pyccROMi eBaHrejOH XV b'^rr, npHHaA^esaBmeHb 
BHJieHCRotl^ npe^HCTencRoft i^epRBH, bi ROTopoJi o5b OjibrepAl> 

rOBOpHTCfl: «BeJHRitt RHHSb AHApeit reXHMHHHTb , BO CBflTOft 

cxHMt AjreRCtB, yconnie hr naHRTb cb, MyqeanROBb IljaToHa 
H PoMaHa». ^^^ EcjiH se h dTyHapHCb pascMaxpHBaTb, rbri 
oTrojiocoRii neB'bpHUX'b cjiyxoBi . xo;piBmHX'b no PycH (trri 
Hanp. o6'bacHfleT'b BooSqe Bct pyccRifl CBHA^xejibCTBa Qlatt- 
Hoxa), TO 3TH CciyxH 9 saHecefiHue bi jtTomicH ^ CTanoBHTCfl 
}^M iiaci, noRpatlHeit M'&p'b, nojosHTejbHMM'b i^rrtomi, nocib 
Toro, KarbMKf naxoAHHi noATBepsA^Hie hxii bi qHCTo RaTOjnrae 
CROMi ucTo^HHRt. Ipa^ii KHSypii, rjaBHuit Ha^ajibHHR'b roninii- 
Tajiett H'&Mei](Raro opAena, SuBiuifi bi> nocjiaxi* y BeJiHKaro rhh^s 
Bhtobtb h ocTaBHBiuiii aecbHa jiio6onbiTHUfl H3Bi^cTBifl o Jhtb^. 
roBopHTi, UTO OjibrepA^, BT* 1365 ro^y, y»e HcnoBtAWBaji. 
npaBocjraBie, ROTopoe ohii npHHRj'b no HacTORHifo CBoeit Rceau 
H)jiiaHHU. ^^^ CorjiacHO cb BupaasoHHUHb ysse naiiH MH'bHieiib 



- 157 — 

XMOAHOOTH H paBHOATUPH JIHTOBCKHXl SHflBeft Vb A^JA pe- 

jirui^ BHSypr'B npHOaBraenb, ^to OjibrepA'B npHHiiJi'B 6u, mo- 

sen 6uTb^ HaTOJiqecTBO, ho A^CTBifl RaTOJimeoKaro hyho* 

BeHCTBa 9 cjHDiKoirb coSjuoxaioii^aro cboh idpcRii BuroAU, 

oTBpaTBjn ero on sanaxHaro xpHCTiaecTBa h cuohhjh wh 

upHHflTiH) BOCTo^Haro , coo6paaHo sejaHuo bojiisoA SHBrami. 

IIocjl^ BToro pfiAa HSBftcTitt ne kphth^ho SyAen yiBepsxaTb 

qTo pyccme RCTo^mDUi 6ujni BBeAemi bi aaOiyaiAeHie aeatp- 

HUMH cjiyxaMH; CBHAftxejibCTBo Ki6ypra npHA^rca oopoBeprafb 

pasBt npjDiuMi oSBRHeHieHi ero bo m^ aa ^to hmkto He* 

mterh npaBa^ rkwb Neste hosho AosaBUBaTb aau^ecTBO Oa- 

repxa Hsu^ecnii'b o6p£AOirb ero norpeSenia^ '^^ n<froMy mo 

Oibrepffi, 6y)iyMH npaBOMaBHUMi xpHoiiaHiHOM'b wb aftAPUi 

CBoero ceMdIcTBa, B'b raasaxi aapoAa ociaaaicfl flsbnamoirb; 

0HT> yucTBOBan vb pasjnqBUX'b i^epeMoaiax'b, Eoropiifl, mAE 

CBoe aavajio bi adH^eciott pejiiriH, Bomjni vh HapoAHyD 

naiib H He yqaciBoaaTb B'b Roiopux'b dHa^Hio orcrpaHHTbca 

oTb Hapo^a, A^jBTbCfl hm Hero qyaiAmn^, ^ero, soHe^mO) He 

Horb sejiaxb BejiHidtt iHisb ; cTpeMHTbCfl se n oOpan^emiD 

Bcfexi JUTOBi^eBX He 6uM ocofiuxi noSysAomfi? OjibrepA'b ne 

OTAraajCH ropaqaocTbiD ki» Btpt, ohi aooo KOJieCaJca, aa- 

Koe npHHHTb RGHOBi^AaHie , sanaAHoe hjdi BOCxo^Hoe, wh nop- 

BOMy TfliyjDi ero nojiHTHiecKifl cooSpaaieHifl h OTBparHJiH pii- 

uapH, HO AOflycTHume ocyn^eciBJieHifl bthxi cooOpaaseHitl, 

Ko BTopoMy nprnjEe^eHi oH'b Ouji cbooid seHOB) h, npHBHB'b 

ero, He KYnajiii A^iavb ero oOflBarejibHbiM'b hae napoAa^ ae 

XOI^l npOHSBOAHTb HepCBOpOTa. KOTOpilit MOrb 6U OTOBBaTbCa 

cubHbU'b noTpflceaieirb rocyAapcTBeHHaro opraHH3Ma h cam 
npoAOJuaaji, uo BHtniHOCTH, ocTaaaTbca HBU^HHROirb. Cjt&ao- 
BBTejbHO, HftTb HH^ero crpaHHaro bi toitl, qio t^jio ero, no 
lipeBBeMy o6biqaio, 6biJio cosseHo hb aocTpt c^ pasiH^HMMH^ 
npHHaA^iesaBHuiMH any aeqaMH. Mu Taai oO'bacHaeiii HSBftciie 



— ;i58 — 

Jl^j[yronia, xoth ne mAewb HHRaRoro ocuoBaHifl npeAnoquTan 
ero CBHAtTeiLcTBy pyccsHxi .tkTonnLcei, ROTopuH roeopfln, 
Hfo owh norpefieHi bi BHibHt, bi vlwl se nocTpoeHHoft i^ep- 
EBB npecBflTott Boropopi^Bi^^^. yS'&SAeHHue TaRHM% oOpaaoMi 
Bi npaBocjiaBui poAHTeieil, mu aojishu npnBHaTb h npasocja- 
Bie AtTeft; He o Bcbxi hxi coxpaHHJHCb Hsei^cTifl, ho TaKoe 
HHteie oGi HX'E HcnoBtpHiH xaRi ecrecTBenHO BUTeKaen m^ 
iicnoBi^AdHifl hx'l poAnrejieit ^ ^to T0jn>R0 HeHOHfliHoe iipe;(y- 
6ibsAeHie HtKOxopuxi hctophkobi>, npesMyiuecTBeHHO nojb- 
cRHxi, ocTaBjfleri Bonpoci ^o CHX'b nop'L otrputumi h sa- 
CTaBJiaeri AOKasiiiBaTk to, mo^ coficTBeHHo, ne nysAaeTCHBi 
AoRa3aTe«[[bCTBax%. HsB'JkcTiH pyccRHX'b jr^TonHcett OTBeprauTCH 

OBHaqeHHUMH lIHGaTeJiJiHH , HesaBHCHMO OTTOrO, QTO HX1» iiox- 

TBepsAaerb jt^jryromi, cooOiqaBouqft, qro 12 cuHOBett OjibrepAa 
6iUH BocnHTBHU Bi rpe^ecROM'B npaBOGjraBin^^^. Bnpoqeiri 
rjaBHoe BHHMaine nojibCROft HCTopH<i6CRoit JiHTepaiypiii 06- 
pan^eHO na flreua, HcnoBl^AaHi^ APy^Hxi* OjibrepAOBH^eit Hajo 
ee BaHHHaeTii h tbri rbri mu bobco ne sejaeM'b paspHraib 
npeA^iBi cnopa, to safiMeHca xenepb TOJibRO BonpoGOHi> pe- 
jiHriH, KOTopyio HcnoBt^uBajii flrejjio jifl Rpen^eHia bi> KpaBoat. 
Ero Maxb, TBopcRaa rhhshb K)jriaHHa AjORcaHApoBHa h3- 
BftcTHa CBoeiD pejffldoBHOK) peBHocTbH); nepeiRHBii Hysa, ona 
nocTpHFJiacb H norpeOena bi RieacRHXi nen^epaxi. BpaRi en 
0T> 0jn>repA0irb, aecbiia BiiropMtt wb nojaermecfunn oTHome- 
HiH, GeanoROHJi'b ee TOJbRo noTOHy, ^to Oy^ynpft Hyarb ea 
Ouii flsuqHHROM'b H ett HonpiaTHa Sujia HUMb^ ^to a^th bh 
Taase 6jjsYTb lauwHRaMH. BcjitACTBie btofo HMteMi noiHoe 
npaao npHHHMaTb HSBtCTie^ qTO ona Buouia sa ^ysi no^'b yc- 

JfOBiem* BOCHflTUBaTb ^I^Tett CBOHX'b BIi XpHCTiaHCROft Btpib^^ 

3Haa npHTOMi, qTo BJiaaie ea na Mysa 6vlm tbri chaho, 
qTO OHa H ero oSpaTHJia bi npaBOCJiaBie^ HHRaR*b ne Mosem 
AonycTHTb, qTo6u j[io6HMbiil cuwb ea ocTaajieH'b dujUi eio Bb 



— 159 - 

fl3uqecTBi. 06iiKH0BeHH0 oSiiflCHfliDTi 9T0 npoTHsyp^^ie 
tbwby WTO OjibrepA^) npeAHasHa^aH flrejija r'b Hacjr1ftx<>BaHiio 
ce6t Ha BefflRonflaKecROMii npecTOJii, t. e. HaMtpesaflCb c^ifi- 
jaTb ero rocyxapeirb flau^eeBaro Hapo^a, npHxaaaji bochh- 
TUBaxb ero wh asbneeTBfi ; ho bto ofixHCHenie yAOBjeTBopfferb 
Tojbso Tbxi, soTopue H6 npHBHaiDT'B HpaBocjiaBiH OjibrepAa, 
pa Haci me yfi'bsAeHBUi'B wb aroifb nocji^AHeM'b ^ainrb^He 
cyn^ecTByerb canoe npoTHByp'&qie. SieMo 6ujn> npaBocjraB- 

HUMli TaKHMl Bie, RaiTb H CFO OTOI^'b^ T. 6. HpaBOCJaBHUirb 

AOHa, Bit CBoeMi oeHejIcTBt h asbraHHROMi wb riasax^ cbo- 
ero HapoAa, a noTOMy h b-l rjiasaxi EBponu. Bnpo^eii'b, ec- 
aH xaae Eapona snajia, vto JHTOBCsii sHflSb npHHin rpe- 
lecKoe npaBocjiaBie, to h bto CB^A^Hie He yAepftaJo 6u ea oTb 
HasBBHifl ero aBU^HHKOM'b , tbri RBRi* BOo6n^e ona Hirfajra 
oqenb HOBtpHoe noHarie o jHTOBCRopyccRoirb rocyAapcTfi'6. 
roBopvjiH me H B'&pHJDB HB sanaA^ , ^to Jhtbb nacejeHa ca- 
paipiHaMH^^^, Morjio m cb aTHirb y(toj^eHieMi cjHTbca npe^- 
CTBBJieHie , qio rocyxapb bthxi capa^HHOB*b HcnoB^XY^rb 
xpHciiaHCTBO, xoTfl 6b[ HO HenpaBHJ[bHOHy rpeqecROMy o6paAy? 
HenpaBHJibHoe cBtAtnie, BpaqaBineecfl Mes/ty pbu^apaioi, ne 
oTJHqaBuiHMBGfl oSpadOBaHHOCTbK), ROHe^Ho, OH^e HH^ero fie Ao- 
KaauBaeT'b h mu Hanepex'b corjiamaeHca ci TtHM, Roxopue 
cAtjiatDTb HaMi noAo6Roe Boapaseme, ho mu mutewb AORaaa- 
TejbCTBa , ^TO CBMa BucoRonpocB'bH^eHiiafl CTOjraua anocTOJb- 
csaa CMHTajia, ne noapte nojioBHRU XIII B'bRa, asbi^HHRaMH 
Ttx'b pyccRHXi) ROTopue cocftpjiH 0% JIhtboio H CROpO n0T0Hl> 

BOmJH Wb COCTBBl OH BJaX^Hlft, TBRl p'^RIHTeJIbHO H flCHO 

HasuBaeTi nxi 6yjijia oti* 6 Mapxa 1255 rop^ ROTopoio nana 
A jBRcaHAP'B IV AapoBBJi'b HHHAOBry act acMJiif , saBoeaaHHUfl HMb 
HJH Horynvfl OuTb BaBoeaaHHUMH y HSbiqHaROB'b pycuHOB^ ^^^, 
coclbAHniHX'b ci ero BJiaAl^HiHMH. Tarb rbrii mm hojiobsh- 
TeibHO sHaeMi^ qxo act pyecRie vb osHaqeHHoe apeiiH Sujih 



- 160 - 

xpHCxiaHaHH , to h npexoAHM'B Kh yStsxeraio, wo liana uh 
He saan sioro hih CTaBHj'L rpe^qecKoe npasocjiaBie Hapaaat 
ci flsmecTBOMi, a BsrjaA'^ nanu ecTb bbkuta'^ ecAxi^ saio 
jHROBi. Kiiftfl wb BHAy 9T0 HOCiibxHee coo6pas6me, mu ae 
YAHBHHca, BCTptqaa , nanp. bi noibcnxi jiTooHCflxi , Mftc- 

Ta, Bl ROTOpUXl OHft ^ npflMO , 669% BOflUXl OTOBOpOKl , 

HaauBaioTi rpeqecaoe npaBOCiaaie HAOJiocuyseHieMi. Tan 
/l^jiyromii^^noA'B 1268, pascsasuBaii o pycHHl^ TeoAopHRt, ko- 
Toputt^ 6y Ay^H nei^mamfiso Baiusa fiBiAronor^ aaHftHHiiqeeHH cxajrii 
ero BoJieciaBy , rhhsk) BaJOimcRoiiy^ roBopHTi>, qTO ohi cidolatria 
relicta, fidem rectam professus arat>. BaToui[[B3M'b ecTb npaaaa 
Btpa, a npaBocjiaBie iiAOJiocjiiyseHie. CyuiecTBOBttHie sa aanaxt 
noAo6Haro aariflAa hb aaiuy pejiHriio AORasuBaercH en^e h TiM^. 

HTO pHMCRBfl I^CpROBb, BpH nepeXOA'6 npaBOCJUUBHUX'L Kb KBTO 

jiHii[B3M'b, Tpe6oBajia hxi Hoaaro RpeI^eHia, o mwb ecTb ean* 
A'biejbCTBa Taase y jl^Jiyroma.^^^ Koaeqao, ooAoGauit B3rflAi» 
o6i»flOH8eTC8 HeBtsecTBOiTB H ROFAa BonpocL nepeRpenpBa* 
HiH pyccRBXi, BCJtACTBie 6oii»matt oSpasoaaHHOCTH h SoAinaro 
padBHTJa^ 6ujn> noAHflTi h npeA^oseai aa oOcyBAeaie jiR>Aeil 
CBl^pjiOfiTby TO OHB, He BaTpyAHaaob, ptniHJEB^^ ^to aoctbtowo 
npHHHTb CB. Rpeqeme toaro OAHasAu, a iipa flepexoAi^ pyc- 
cRHX'ii Kb Raxojmi^iSM'B QAif^yerb TOJibRo ocnoaaTeibHO npe- 
noABTb VLWb npaBiiM cb. piMCRoft i^epRBH. Ho TBRoe pihmeme 
cocTOfliocb AOBOJibHO HOSAHO , He pBHte HawJia IV atea. Ha- 
BtcTHufi CBoeio yqeHocTbK) 6orocjiOBii lepoHHHi IIpascKiil, 
HaBftCTHB'b AHTBy wb HopBbix'b FOAaxi OBHaqeHHaro Bftaa^ 6uj% 
cnpomea'b Bhtobtohi h enacRonaMH , (m^^aybti m apecTHTb 
pyccRHXi , npa nepexoA^^ hxi bi» aaTOJiHipiSM'b? Bonpoci btoitb 
noRBdUBaerb, mo aeiHRifi Raaab h oco5eHHO eaHCRonu, 6ame 
npRCHorptaniHCb ai rpeqecROMy npaaocjiaBiH)^ aaiojiH aeeiipa- 
BOAJraBUMi BHOBb nepeRpen(HBaTb pyccRHXi, rofab ohh npH- 
HHHajiH BaT0Juii9i8iii», T. e pejiHriH), 6j[H3ko noAXOARD^yio wb iixb 



- 161 — 

Btpoy^eaiio. lepoHHifb , KOHevHO , Sujii npariiBi noBTopeHifl 
Efemfim. Ho rbrobu 6u hh 6iiIjh HH^Hifi lepoHHMa o Bftpb 
pyccKHXi , aTH MH'bHifl He mofjih uHi^Tii 6ojumott chjui, noioMy 
qio aBTopi nil 611U1 npHSHaHi epeTHROM'L h coisiBeHii wb Koh- 
cTani^ wh 1416 t.^ohh He pacnpocipaHfliHCb h noTOMy en^e, 
(jTo Eapona Haqaja XV etaa He Hom noxBajraibCfl 6oii»niHMi 
qflciojH) noxefl, ooaoSho lepoHHMy, pasBHTUi'b u cBtAyfl^ix'B; 
Bi> Macc!k £ fflmt cpeAH iioxett o6pa80BaHHUx% Bce en^e ocia* 
BajocB npesHee loamoe noHfliie npaBOO^aBiH. Tpa^ii KonpaA'B 
Ei(6ypni, npibBsaBuiiit bi BnibHy bi 1397 roxy , bi law- 

CTBlb HOCia Wb BeJUIKOMy RHflBM) fiHTOBiy, Cli FOpeCTbiO roBO- 

pHTi, VTO pflAOMii cb JUTOBqaMH, HS'B lOTopux'B MHorie yse 
npiHUH npaByio Btpy, SHByTi pycnmi, Roxopuxi Btpa ecib 

HiqTO HHOe, cBaKb MepBRBfl epeCb, HaHHX6H3Hl>»^^^ OaHO H31> 

Hea8AaHHiiixi> couHefiiM BapxHHau Qexpa d'AiUi, loxopuft auMb 
lesAy 1350 H 1419 hjh 1425 roAaMfl^^^ jsflLerb uaub bos- 
losflocTb oflpeA'l^Tb CMUcji'b BToro OTBUBa: tpycciie, roBO- 
pHTb KapAHHaJib^ nepBue saHeou ipHciiaHCTBo Bb JLuiBy^ oiojeo 

OepBOft nOJOBHfliil XI BtRa, ho BHOGJI'bACTBiH BTH xpHCTlaHe, 

3apa3HBHiHCb HeupaBUMb y^eHieifb ManHxeHBiia, Bb laRoft cie- 
neHH c6jaidHJui cBoe xpHCiiaucTBo cb flsuqeciBOH'b, qio xpyAHO 
61U0 cRasBTb, qio npeo6jiaAaj[o Bb o6pa30BaBmeJtcfl CMtCH, 
xpucTiaHCTBO JiH, upHHABUiee Bb ce6fl fl3u^ecRifl Ha^iajia hjdi 
HsuuecTBo, norjOTHBHiee xpHciiaHCRoe B'bpoywHie ? HeB'&BiecTBo 
AyioBeHCTBa. oTA^bJeme ero oti oGn^emfl cb itepROBbK) (i. e. 
RaTouqecRoioj h naABHie RieacRaro RHflseciBa ao xaRott cTe- 
ncHH HCRaaHJiH amp cenmy eocmoHHato icpucmiancmea ^ nmo 
Hibnomapue cHumoM uxb (t. e. pyccRHXb, sHBUiHXb Bb JIht- 

Bi) Cni^BB MUHHUKaMUj HfbMd XyUCmiaHQMU. GBflH^eHHHRH 

He flocTRBJifiJiHCb euHCRonaMH, a nepeAaaajiH CBoe aoctohhctbo 

AtTflNb, RBRl) 6U HO UBCJlftACTBy \ 6trj[Ue H3b PyCH MOHaXH, 

SeHflCb Ha AO'tepfl^^^ HXb, CaMH npHHHMaJIH HaHHXeH3M'b H no- 
il 



- 162 - 
MorajH ero pacnpocTpaHemH). Jbon'h ceiBcsift noci^^ajTB i^pi- 

BE, ecu laKOBUfl 6um no 6JDI30CTH« H UpHHHMaJTB CB. Epe- 

n^eflie, 6oAmafl se qacib A^psajacb cTaparo flsuqeeisa, eje, 
CMtmaB'b o6i pejniriE, b% opo BpenE noEJioBfijfacb E^oiairb e 
npESflasaja ECTEEEaro Bora. BEasbfl e 6oflpe, yse cb XIII Biia 
npEEEBmie odinaE , asusi e Bl^py pyccEys), eo nojibsyacb fla- 
GTaBjeEiflME eoaoOeuxi CBEqeEEEEOB'b, CA^Jiajmcb TaEEME se 

MaflEXeflME, BaKl E OEE, B'bpflnpiME BO MEOSeCTBO CTapuii 

npeApaacyABOB'b* .PadodjawEie EonpaBAU e npipejrawEflaro no- 
pEi^aflia, BOTopuME crpaAaeTi dTori o6pa3i jmroBCKaro npa- 
BOCJiaBifl, E Eoiaraio, Ee ioset'e Ea Hoefi o6fl3aEflocTE, Tarb 
BaB'b fl EEiny eo ECTopiio i^epsBE, eo b% pftmoEiE Bonpoca o 
BsrjiflAt , EaEoft EaTOJOom EM«jm ee npaBOCJiaBie bii JbrrBft, 
STOTb OTdUBi EHteTb BaiEEoe aflE^eflie. Hsi Bero beaeo, qxo 
Aase oOpasoBBEEue jdoae XY Btoa npejsfiT&BMa ce6t Ecno- 
Bl^A^flie jmroBCEEXi pyccEEX'B oco6oio cesTOH) BocTOwaro xpE- 
CTiaECTBa, BOTopaa, 6yAyw caa^aja qEcruiTB opaBOCjaBieiTB, 
CT» TeqeEieiTB BpeneEE npEEEM wb c66e saSiyaKAeflifl heee- 
xeESME, saEMCTBOBEJia o^eEb MEoro ESI JDrroBCEaro asmecTBa 
E cocTEBEja Bftpoyqeflie, BOTopoe, no cioBam BapAEEaja, meo- 

FEME npEdBBBaJIOCb CBOpi^ SB flSUqeCBOO, q^H^b 3a XpECTiafl- 

CBoe. npE TBBOH'b B3rjiEA'b EOEETflu E EpEBeAeEEafl 6yua nanu 
AjeBcaflApa lY, e Ea3Baflie npaeocjiaBifl EAOJEOcjyseBieirb, bo- 
Topoe BCTp'&^aeM'b y jl^iyroma, e nepeEpeqEBaEie pyccsExi. 
niaftEoxa, BOTopuS ci* ocoSoeeoh) ceioh) cxapaeTca AOsasaTb 
ESbiqecTBO flrejia ffo RfmfimR bi> BpaaoBt, b^poeteo se 
saaji'b 9TEXI cBEAi^TejibCTB'b , EOTOMy TTO Bi pflAy ero aobb- 
3aTej[bCTBi BBiKfloe MtcTO 3aEEMaeTi» yiBepsA^Eie, qro pyc- 
cBExi EEBorAB Be Ba3UBaj[E BE sanaA^ ESuqEEBaME, a BcerAa 

CXE3MaTEEaME EJIE XpECTiaEEME BenpaBAEBbDfE, EeECTEEBbOEE^^l 

9to yTBepsA^flie oEEpaeTca eb nacbH^, BOTopimi pbii^apH 
BtMeipsaro op^efla ESBl^n^ajra BapAEEEJiOB'b o jnrroBCEEX'b co- 



- 163 - 

SuTiflxi, HO npexAG ^'^m'b SyAem roBopHib o ero SHaqemH 
Bi pascHaTpHBaeMOHi Bonpoct, cwxaeMi* ae SesnojiessbnrB 
BcnoMHHTb, fiasi BOoSn^e oiHOCHJiHCb pui^apH Kb xpHCTiaHCTBy 

B'L JIhTBI^. 

HecoMHtHHO, <iTo cRopoe oOpan^eHie jorroBi^eBi fiujio He 
wb HHTepecaxi» opAeaa h m% KpatKaro, npeACxaa^ieHHaro bbmh 
oqepRa paenpocTpaHeaifl laMi xpHCTiaaciBa mu bha^jih, qxo ohh 
ynorpeSjifljDi ee Haio ycHJOjt ii> BOcnpenflTCTBOBaniH) ero pas- 

BHTifl ; eCJDI so ohh laili OTHOCHIHCb Kl> RaT0JIHJD(H3My, TO 00^0 

leal^e i^epeHOHHWcb cb npaBocjEaBieMi : Hnifl Bcb cpeAcxBa xo- 
pomo oBHasoMHTbCfl cb BTOH) pojoiriett h aani^THTb ea 6jui3Koe cxoa- 
CTBO CB pmcRHMi RaTOJHqecTBOMii, OHH BO coo6n^ajH npio6pi^- 
TeHHuxii CB^A^Hitt sanaAHoil Eaponi, CHa^aJia Aase yHajiwaajiH 
pyccKHX'b xpHCTiaHaxii h 6jiaroqecTHBue aanaAHue pui^apH^ npH- 
lopBoiie cpasaTbCfl cb asuqaHRaMH noAi> dHaMeaaMH opAena, 
BApyri cjiyqafiHO OTRpbiaajui, ^to ohh npojuiBaioT'b xpacTiaHCRyio 
KpoBb^ TBRi, Bi 1363 r. co6paiocb bi IIpycciH) hhofo rocxeft 
mi, FepMaHiH, Anrjui h moTJiaHAm, ROTopue^noA'b npeABOAHxejib- 
CTBO]ii> opAOHGRaro mapmaja HanpaBHJiHCb m FpoAHy, ropoAy, 

Raai HSBtCXHO, pyCCROMy, ho JIHOlb XOJIbRO OHH npH6j[H3HJ[HCb, 

Ha Bcxpi^My js% HRMi BUHUiH rpasAaHe cb xjA6owb h coJibio, 
Bb conpoBOSA^HiH AyxoBencxBa, Roxopoe necjio Rpecxu, hrohu 
H xopyrBH. PaBoqapoBBHie apecxoHOci^eBii 6bijio nouoe; cb 
SonrnHHi HeyAOBOJEbcXBioMb , ynpeRaa Harncxpa b% oOHant, 
OHH oxomjDi OTb ropoAa, xasb Raab i^'&jbH) hx% 6ujia xojibRO 
6HTBa Cb HeB'bpHUMH ^^^ Raai Ma jo mosho AOB'bpflXb hsb^- 
CTLRM'b opA^Ha, AORBBUBaexcfl xtMi>, qxo, ROFAB Haqajocb Rpe- 
qeme ilnxBu bi 1387 r^ pbu^apn paaocjiajiH no Bceii £Bpon'6 
BHCbHa, coAepsRaa^ifl bi ce6t CB'^A'^HiH, Bnojint npoxHBopi^qa- 
^^fl xtMi, Roxopufl mjiH oxi Jlreua h nojHROB'b. He Jhtbh 
KpecTHTCfl^ HHcajiH OHH, a Ilojbuia nepexoAHXb bi HBuqecxBO, 
qxO; MesAy nponnMi, AORaBUBaexca BceBOBMOsHbiMH npenax- 



— 164 — 

CTBiflMH, SOTOpUff DOlflRH CTaBfiTL SjiaroqecTHBiUTb DHlMrpM* 

nam H pimiapflifb, HAynpoi'B bi OpycciiD ajia 6opb6u ci» ne- 
BibpHUMH H T^wb 6^6, MTO , npesp'^B'b i^epKOBHKEfl npasa^ pa- 
3opBajm cynpysecTBO BHJibreJibHa h Aabheh h HacubHo or^a jb 
nocj[ftAHH)iD flSKiqHBKy, qxo, HaBOHei^'L, Bce ffbio Rpen^eHiH 
JIhtbu ecTb leaTpajbHoe npeACTBBjieHie. Ciapaa npyccBaa xpo- 

HHRa OTKpOBeHHO rOBOpRTl o6x aTfl[X'b nHCbMail, MTO op^effB, 

nocpeACTBOMi nxi, ciapaica padyanaTB oSpasi nucirefi sanaA- 
Huxi rocyAapett h oti a^EOTopuxi x^ttcTBHieiBHO noiy^HA 
SjaronpiflTHue OTBtTu, ho hh oabri hsi hhxi h Aase nana 
He xot6j[h noMoraTB opxeny bi ero ycHjiaxi ocTaHOBHTb a^jo 
Rpeo^emfl. BcEop'b, npH aanaAHUXii ABopaxi noflBHjrocB nHCbiro 
oTh HHeHH A^pnTGRaro enHCRona h HacejieHia ero enapxiH, Ha- 
nojEHeHHoe flcaJio6aMH Ha to, weo opAeHL BCTp'bqaer'b RieBeioio 
A^jo, ROTopiiHi, HanpoTHBi, HepButt Aouten^ Sun 6u boc- 

XBH^aTBCH. IlHCbMO BTO B036ypj[0 CHUHUfi THtBl pm^apefi II 
OHH CI TaROK) flpOCTbiO Ha6pOCHJIHCb HB eHHCROHa, ^TO, OHd- 

caflcb Bcero, ovb o6iRBHjrb nHCbMo HenoAJmHHUM'b , nanHcaH- 
HbiMi 6631 ero Bl^AOMa '^^ He npHsnaBaa, tbrhbi'l oOpasoMi, 
Rpeni[eHiH JIhtbu, ohh Be3A%, rA'6 tojbro HoryTi, Ha3iJBaion 
jnrroBi^eB'b fldu^HHRaMH, tbri bi* 1397 roAy nocjoi BejHRaro 
MarHCipa, BucjiaHHue na ceftMi HHnepcRHX^ RHflseft, bo OpaHK- 
^ypTii Ha MattHib , rpa^i RoHpaAi> KH6yprb h aP* ? flaiyflCb 
Ha noMoqb, ORadUBaenyK) flreMOM'b JiiLTEh, BbipaBiaH)TCfl oH 
ea HacejieHiH: tHeB^pHue JIHT0B^u n pycHHbi» ^^®. Bi aa- 
qajt 1397 r. Ropoib BeHrepcBiit CnrnsMyHA'b, sejaa 6uTb 
nocpeAHHROM'b MesAy opAenonfb h Ilojibmeio, npeAJiaraerb Be- 
jiHROMy MarHCTpy c'btaA'b bi rHt3Hib; TOT'b, o^eBHAHO, He se- 
Jiaion^itt HHpa, BupaasaeTb HOAOBtpie Kh flreuy h saj^rercfl, 
qTO ■ HeB'bpHue pycHHU h jhtobdiu naqajbCTByfOTi naA'b dan- 

RBMH* ^^y TaRl* rOBOpHJQI pUI^apH, HO TBRl Se OHH H A'^^' 

cTBoeajDi: bi 1394 r., ocasAQH Bubny, ohh pacnojosHJiHCB 



— 165 - 

Ha oKpysaiontHxii ee Bucoiax'B, Tsn, <ito cb yAo6cTBOH'L Mom 
BHAtTb Bce, qio A^aercfl B'b ropoAt ; KaioiKqecsoe BueHCRoe 
4yxoBeHCTBo^ ROTopoMy HeOesiHSB^cTHo 6ujio, qio pm^apH He 
BtpRTL oCpaipeHiH) jfflTOBUieB'B , Biejiafl y6'6pTB hxi, bi* lop- 
secTBeHHoit nponteccin, cb RpecxaMH h xopyrBflMH buidjo hbi 
Baeej(pajubHaro co6opa h HanpaBUOCb ri> i^epRBH cb. Ahhu. 

Pm^apH^ HHCROJbRO He CTtCHHflCb, CXp^JflJlH B% dTJ RaTOJH- 

<iecKyio npoi;ecdio RApaioi h ySnu oxHoro opani^HCRaHCRaro 
HOHaxa, a MHorHxi paHHU ^^^ HpHBejieHHUX'B npuHi&poB'B 
AocraToqHo rm AORaaaxeibCTBa, ^to pu^apH oSManmau bcio 
EBpony H CBOHMH RjieBexaMH noAA^psHBan b'b nett coBepmeHHo 
AosHoe noHfliie o pcrarin, jsoxopyio HcnoBtAUBaio HacejeHie 
JHTOBCKopyccRaro rocyAapcTBa ; t% ise nprni^pu, a AyvaH), no- 
JosHiejBHO onpoBepraDTi yTBepaiAeme niattHOXH, qio pyccRHXi* 
HHRorAa He HaBuaaJiH flsu^HHRaini , a cxHSMaTHRaMH ; npHBO- 
PMoe HiTb B% AORasaxejUiCTBo hhcbmo BeiHRaro MarncTpa wb 
RapAHHaiairii , rA'b JIHTOBI^J Ha3BaHU cpagani», a pyccRie 
•scismatici» , Tepnerb cboio CHiy, 6yAy^H conociaBjieHO ci 

PyHA npHBeAeHHUMH CBHA^bTeJIbCTBaMH, Bl» ROTOpUXli piii](apH, 

CN&mnBafl pyccRHxi h jmTOBii^eB'B, paBHO h la liirL h ri ApyrHMi, 
npH jaraiDTB BnETeTii : cHeBtpHU6», cinfldeles', ^to noMHl^HiM) 
caMoro IHaftHOXH, osHaqaex'b aBuqHHROBii ^^^. Bnpo^eirB Ulatt- 
Hoxa H6 ocTaHBBJiHBaeTCB Ha BTOHi, OH'b xo^eTL AORaaaib 
HaMi, qio pui^apH, HHROFAa He naBUBai pyccRHXi HSuqHHHa- 
MH, iipH3HaBan hxi pejiHriH) xpHGTianoROio h paAOBajiHCb, 
KorAB flduqHHRH npHHHHaiH ee ; Bi noATBepaRAenie SToro ho- 
Baro MHiHifl, offb ccujiaeTCfl na nncbMo oAHoro Baamaro op- 
ACHCRaro caHOBHHRa Kb BejHRoft RHflrHHib H)jiiaHH%, rA% opAeni 
Bupasaerb cboio paAOcxb h nosApaBueT'b BOJiHRyH) RHarHHio 
ci rbMii, ^To eit yAaJiocb o6paTHTb b% npaBOCiaBie en cuna 
CRHprejija ^^^. Mu cqHTaeifb axy ccuny coBepmeHHo neno- 
SBoiHTejibHoiD : HHRTo, jiy^Hie niaftHoxH, He snajTb, mto bi to 



— 166 — 

BpeMfl, sorAa 6ujio HaniicaHO 9to necbMO, opAesi aancKHBajTB 
pacnojroseHifl eejDiHOtt EHflTHHH h, RoneqHO^ He pflcrnrb 6ei 
cBoeit i^tjiH, ecjiHfi'b BupasHJi'L Ha npasocjiafiie Ton bi^tahjo^ 
ROTopuit pacnpocTpaHflJicfl mwh bx Enpont. IbcbMO 9to ;(OKa- 
3UBaeT'L TOJbKO^ qTo o^jffiwb o^enb xopomo SHajn wcto xpH- 
cTiaHCEoe SHaqeflie npaBocjiaBiH, ho SHanifl CBoero ne coofinfaji 
Eapont^ noTOMy ^T0 Tor^a ue nojiy^qaj'L 5u on nefl noMoiuH 

Bl» 6opk6'6 CB IHTOBCKHMl TocyAapcTBOMi , fioiboiyfD qacTb 

EOToparo cociaBJifliH pyccKifl oSjiaciH. Bi Tasofl se CTeneHH 
Heno3BOJ[HTej[BHO cciuaTbCfl Ha nanflTHHEi XYI B^Ra j^m ao- 
Ra3aTej[bCTBa MHtHiil h BsrjifiAOB'b XIY-ro. «Tractatus de sacra- 
mentis >, HaneqaxaHHUit bi> KpaROB'6 B'bl512 roxy, roBopHTb: 

cROrp RpeCTHTCfl fl3U4HHRl>, IJJSfi^ -^ BSpOCJIUft pyCHHl* , 

cjitAOBaTejbHo pasjEH^aeTb pyccRaro oti flsu^HHRa, ho BTHirb 
BOBce He AOfiaBUBaercfl , ^to h b'b XIV b^r^ aa pyccRaro 
cHOTptjiH He RaRi» Ha flSbi^HHRa. RaRi Bcerp SbiaaeTb ^ RorAa 
ycHJiHBaioTCfl AOKasaxb npeABSfliyio Hucjib ^ nia&Hoxa cavb 
ce6'6 npoTHBypi^qHTB ^ noTOHy nro phaohi cb npHBeAeHHUMi 
ntbcTowh EWb cTpaRTaia oTaHHCTBaxi^, ynero se npHBOAflicfl 
BupaseHifl jiaTHHCRHX'b HRTOBi, rA% pyccRie npRHO npoxHBy- 
nojiaraioTCfl xpHCTiaHaMi hjih, qxo ace paano, hxii HaipoHajb- 
Hoe HasBame HBJseTCfl chhohhhohb asuqHHRa ^^^ Mu xaRse 
coniJieHCfl Ha oSpasii Mucjett XYI ciojii^Tifi, ho toaro A^a 
Toro, m!oH noRaaaxb^ RaRb nocTeneHHo BumcHfliCfl BariflA'^ 
Ha npaaocjiaBie, CTOJib losHuft h HeB-bpHbift b% XIY h, 6iaro- 
/lapfl ycHl^xam o6pa30BaHHocTH , AOBOJbHO yse SiHSRiit Kb 
HCTHH'6^ Bii ROHit'6 XYI B^Ra. MapTRHB RpoMepi^ enHCRoni 
BapHHHCRitt, yHepmift bi 1589 r., roBopa o JierROCTH, ci Ra- 
ROH) Bxopjid Bi Ilojibmy BCflRaa epecb, npHdnaerb 65Amyio 
TBepffocTb Bi vbfi pyccRHX'b, ROTopue A^psaTCH rpeqecRaro 
ucQ0B'6AaHiH. «Ohh^ npoAOJisaeT'b enHCRoni, laRi HacrottnHBO 
apasAyiorb ci cb. phhcrok) h RaiouqecROfo i^epROBbio , ^to 



- 167 - 

He xoTflTi HHtTb Hnero o6ii](aro cb laTBHflHami , xota mu 

(t. e. jiaTiiHflHe), sa Ofjao ci HyApmoi h cbatumh npeARaMH 

caMHXik rpesoBi, npHanaeiii aoctohhctbo pHicKaro nanu h 

BJiaerb ero Haffi bcI^mh xpncTiaHCKnini Hapoxaim. H paaHHi^a 

MesAy HaMH saunqaercfl 6oxbe B'b ofimaax'b h oOpflxaxii 

i^epKOBHHxi, Hesejni b^ ocHOBaHiaxi Btpu* ^^^. Ha gboako 

wbKh XVI pa3BHT6e h npocBtqeaffbe XIY-ro, na ctouko se 

RpoMepi 6jDise Kb hcthh£) qtin nana AioBoanApi IV n 

lapxHEajTb d'Ailli, ne roBopi yse o pi^apaxii ntaeipsaro opAeia. 

H xaiTb neooMHi^HHO, qxo bi aanaxHui'L HCToqHHKaxi 

XIY H XY CTOJtTift pyccKHXi naauBajDi HBU^HHsaiiH Hjm noHXH 

irauqHHRaMH, ho Tame necoMHtHHO) qio ri HHM'b se npua- 

rajiocL HasBaHie cxHSMaTiKOBi ; bto npoiBBypi^qie moikho oo- 

HHpHTb npeAOOioBieHieH'B , Koropoe wnAewh npaao cffftiaTb na 

ocHOBamn npHBeAeHHaro co^HHemH sapAHnaia d'Ailli: cxhsmom) 

HiH pacKOJEOMi HasiJBajiocb HcnoB'bAAHie pyccsHXi, HacejiflB- 

mnxii Pycb BOCToqHyM) hu MocBOBCBoe rocyxapcTBO, pyccsie se 

3aaaAHott PycH un iHioBcme , A^paiaBmiecfl CHauajia Toro se 

Bi^poy^eniff, o^b leqeHieirb BpeneHH ccocTaBun ocoSyjo ceBiy 

BocToqnaro xpHCTiaHCTBa», KoropyB), no cjioBaHi, d'Ailli TaRi 

HCKaaHJDi npHHflTieffb bi nee saOiysAenitt asmeciBa n naHH- 

xeMcTBa, ^to HHorie cqExaJi hxii sa flBU^mHiOB'b h x^ftcTBH- 

TejibHo Tas'b Hxi H HaauBajm. HeJibsa CKaaaTb , mo xaRoe 

opeAnoioseHie Moserb 6uTb ciporo npoaeAeHo no bc^itb 3a- 

liaAHIiIMl> HCTOqHHEaMli , Wb HOTOpUXl FOBOpETCB Btl^i pyc- 

CKflxi, TBEii saR'b nensfl 6um xpeOoaaTb, qxoSu aecb sanaxi 
HenpeMinno snan o pyxi pasjaraHux'b pejmriosHUX'b napxiax'b 
pyccKHXi, HO BO BCflROM'b cjiyqat oho noAxaepiRAaexcfl 6ojib- 

IIQIHCXBOM'b OBHAtXejIbCXB'b. 

yOiARBHiHCb xBEHurb oSpasoifb, qxo bx sanaAHOft Eaponi^ 
rocnoACXBOBaj[i> BsrjuiA'b na pyccRHXi JiHXOBCRaro rocyAapcxaa 
utiKb na flduqHHROB'b, mu ho MoaeeHi, nocjjb axoro, npH^aBaxb 



- 168 — 

HHEaRoro 3Ha^emfl sanapmrb CBHA^TCACTBavL o ffsmecTvb 
flreua; mu He wb npaBt npHflib SyEBaibHO noKadanie Jbo- 
A0jni4>a, a66aTa jReraHCfiaro HOHacTupH, a xtMi leH^e qeru- 
pen JE'bToiQici^eB'B aBCxpittcRHX'b ^ Ha KOTopuxi ccujiaercfl 
IHaltHoxa^^^; oco6eHHO nocji'bpie HeMoryTi fiurb AOCioftHiuiH 
Btpu cBMAi^iejiflMH Bi padCMOTpiiBaeMOMi Bonpoct, TaiTb EaiTB 

0T1» BHU, OqeBHAHO COTSTBCTBOBaBIUHXl aBCTpittcHOMy AOMy^ He- 

B03M01KH0 oasHAaiB 6ednpHCTpacTHaro oiauBa o flrejjt, koto- 
puft TaEi secTOSo ocsopOHJ'b aBcrpiticRaro repuiora. OxBepraa 
Ha HBioBieHHoirL ocHOBaHiH sanaAHUH H) ROHewo, opAeHCEiii 
H3B6cTifl , MU jipjLmau TasHBTb se ofipasoiTB nocTynHTb n ci 
Aiyromeirb, Horopuii, o^eBHAHO sapaseHHuit sanaAHiwi Bsrju- 
AOMii Ha npaBocjiaBie, npaHO naauBaxL nocj'bAHee flsmectBon 
(idolatria). Ho, TaEi EaBi /I.jiyroni'L 6ujii ceEperapeirL Sfinr- 
H'bBa OjiecHHipEaro h npn cociaBJieHiH CBoeft HCiopiH nojbao- 
BBJicfl ero OyvaraMH, a SShthj^bii 6iurb oqeHB 6jh8osii ki 
flrejuy h hof'l ysnaTb noJiHyio HcniHy o ero EpeqemH, to, 
BO yBasenie 9thxi oTHomeHifi , hu HaxoAHMi Heo6xoAHiiUMi 
BHHMaiejikH'be oficyAHib OBHAtiejibCTBO /l^jiyroma. B'b HtcBOA- 

EHXl HtCiaXl rOBOpHTb 0H1> oOl dTOMl HpeAMOTt ; THEl^ HO 

CAOBaHii ero Bctxi CHHOBefi Oj&repAa BocoHTUBajia MaiL, eo- 
Topan cxapaiacb hphbhtb hmi rpeqecsoe npaBociaBie^^^^ xoth 
H TpyAHO npeACTHBHTb, qTo6u j^te^ cb caMaro posAeHifi boc- 
IIHTUBaM)^^flCfl B'b npaBocjiaBiH , anocjI^ACTBiH HcnoBftAUBaJH 
i3inecTBo, no hsi A^J^Htfioiaro u3J[o»eHifl /I^jyroHia mokho 
3aEJ[B)qaTb H TaEHiTb o6pa30Mi. PaacEBdUBafl o BpeiqeHiH 
flrejiJia bi SpaEOB'b, offb roBopHT'L, hto jiHTOBCBifi SHHSb npH- 
Hflii CB. npaayiD Bftpy, ocTaBEBi Hsuqecsifl daSaysA^Hia; ^^' 
HSB npHBeAeHHofi «pa3u echo cii^AT^Tb, ^to /l^jqfroni'b npeA- 
nojarajiii bb Bi^poicnoBiA&BiH flreua HauqecBiE 3a6i[yaAeHifl^ 
HO BOBce He atj^jerb, qxo ohi cwxajii ero anoMt ebum- 
BBROWb. EcjeSi xheobo 6iuo ero HH&Hie, oxqero He ynoxpe- 



- 169 - 

Shjtl ovl Biipaaeme <pagaims» , khki roBopim sanaAHue 

iftTOimcipa , orqero He HaBsajTB owb npesaelt Btpu flreua 

«idolatria», san owh cxkiwb^ pascKaauBaa o pyciRt Oe^op^ 

(Theodericns) ? ^T0 noHarie ero o fldinecTBi flreua spaHne 

ycioBHo, AoiasuBaeicfl Apynnui HicTaioi, rnft ohi roBopHTb 

TOVL me npeAMeTi, laxi bi padciasi o npsunaxi npeA- 

cMepTBoit tot/b^fOL flreua, JioSoBb ero irb nftiiiio coiobbh ^Jiy- 

romi 06'LflCHfleTb npHBuqKOH), KOTopaa KopemTCfl bi oCunaaxi 

fl^inecTBa *^^. Hact yAHBueri tb pasHHiia b'l BiipaseHiflxt, 

EOTopufl ynoTpe6ifl]DTCfl nojibcsHMi jiiToimciiteifii bi nsioBe- 

hIh oxHoro H Toro ae npeAmera : caaqaia, pitoioe, SesycJOBHoe 

oTosAecTBienie npaaocjaBia 0% E^u^ecTBOWb^ a noTOHi laKifl 

TO orpaHHUfl Apasii, HenpflMo Hasmaionpa iipeAHeirB h go- 

craBJieHHiu, oqeBHpo, ci i^tAio npHABTb im poflutt CMUcn. 

ynorpeSjuui noAofiflua ^paBu, jl^TODBcenti yrosAajn BctMi 

BsriflAaiii ea pyccaoe npaBocjaaie : h tI^mi, Koxopue bha^^jui 

wb Eewb qHCToe aauqecTBo h t^hi, KOTopue, hoaoOho d'Ailli, 

npiBHaBafl ero xpHCTiaHCTBoirL , HaxoAUi bi> nem ctojoiKO 

isuqecsoft npiHtoi, tto, BHtcr^ ci AjEyromem, csaaan 6u 

061 orpeKaioiiteMCfl otl aero, ^to owl ocraajaeTi asinecma 

3a6iy8AeHifl. HepftmHrejbHOCTb BupaxeaUt noiiicsaro ji^to- 

racita oSiflCHaercfl toh) 6opB6oio, KOTopaa npoHCXopu vh 

HeHi, oTHocETejBHo TO^HBro onpeA^ieHJIa npaBOCiaBia ; CTapoe 

npeACiaBJieHie HeH'L, nas'L aau^eoTBi, yse CM6tJL0 bo 

BpeMfl Aiyroma, a He&Ay Tl^in>, poacb b'B CTapuxi Gymarax'L, 

onncuBaa CTapoe Bpena, ohi iieBOJBHO CRiOHuea ri ero no- 

HflTiaiTB H BsruAairB; oxcioAa eepl^niRTeiBHOCTb caHoft mucjh 

H, ROHeqHO, ea Bupaxeaia. 

HoaoGhok) se Hero^HOCTbio i nepftmHTejiBHocTBio otjih- 
^aioTca cjioaa caMoro flrejja, nojbOKHXi uaHOBi h jihtobcrhxi 
6oapi , ROFAa hmi npnxoAHTCfl roBopnib npesHev'b HcnoB'b- 
ABHiH cBoero rocyAapa'^^ bi> rpaHoii, A&HHott noncKHMH 



- 170 - 

naHaMH bi» PaAOHCKt, bi> 1401 roAy, Tasoe pycnicjieHHoe, 
Heio^Hoe Bupaseme: «de gentilitatis tenebris edacentesi (bu- 
Be^fl m'b MpaBa asuqecTBa)'''^ oiHeceno opHasoBO ki» flre^iiy 
H Ri> BHTOBxy, KOToparo Epeqenie cnepBa wb KaTOjnnpBHi h 
noTOHi nepexoAi bi npaBOciaBie f^o hobbto Kpeqemif bi Bpa. 
KOBt, HecoHH'bHiiu H noATBepsA^i^^i'Cfl, Rasi pycciHim, Tan 

HUOCTpaHHUMH HCTOWHBaMH*'''. He AOKaSUBaeTB JH9T0 06CT0fl- 

TCJbCTBO cnpaBeAiHBOCTH Hanieft oi(tHBH bc^xi noxoSHUX'B bu- 
paseHifi , eciH coBpeMeHHue aRTU OTHOCffTb exi OAHHaKOBO n 
flrejiJiy h Bhtobty, a nocji^AHift, bbk^ mu noiosHTeAHo 3flaeM*b, 

6UJL'b npaBOCJiaBEMlTB, TO H6 Bl npBB^ JIH HU AJMaTb Toxe H 

nepBOHi; no Kpaftsefi M'fepi^, npH Bctxi npHBeAeHBUXi hbhh 
cooSpaxefliBX'B , ULuiewb npaBO He OTiasuBaTbCfl otl cBoero 

MH^Hifl TOURO Ha OCHOBamH 9THX^ CBHA^^TeUCTB'b. Mu He 

cvHTaeMi Hy]KHiiMi> onpoBepraTb tbrhxi AOxasaTeibCTBi Ha- 

lOHXl npOTHBHHROBl , ROTOpUXt HeCOCTOHTeJIbHOCTb BHAHH CI 

nepBaro BsruAa • MajrasoBCRift CBoe HHtnie flsmecTBib flreua 
ocuoBUBaeTi, MesAy npo^EirL h hb tohi, ?to owl noATBep* 
AHJi CBoe oi^mme RpecTHTbCH npeA% nocjaira RopojieBU 
EjHcaBeTu, cj^ACTBeHHO cam npHBHajTB ce6a flBU^HHSOirb ; 
HO nocjrbAHHe BOBce He cil^jijeT'b hbi nepnaro h cb Kaxolt 
CTaTH 6bijio flrejijry nenpeM^HHO BupasHTb, ^to ohi nepexo- 
AHTi Bi saTOJHi^HSMi Hsi npaBOCJiBBifl, RorAa eHy 6ujo h3- 

BtCTHO, qTO npaBOCIBBHBIX'b RpeCTflTl TaRSe , RBRli H fl3biq- 

HHROBi ? TtiTb cTpaHH'be, qTO TaROft no^TeHHuft yqcHbiit npn- 
BOAHTb noAo6Hoe AORasaTejbCTBo , ^to cbmi OH'b, TyTi me, 
RBFb iioBbift A0B0Ai», npHBOAHTb ero onpoBepxeme^ HMenno to- 
BopHTb, HTO flrejio H CRHpreuo, wb 1382, oO^bu^ajni BeiH- 
ROMy MarncTpy RpecTHTbca, a CRHpreMo 6hLn npaaocjaB- 
HbiH'b^''*. 06i^n^aHie RpecTHTbca cb t6mh SpaTbflMH, ROTopue 
ente He oRpecTHjnicb, xoth hb nepBuit bbfjihai^ h BacTaBJifleTi 
npeAHOJiaraTb, qTO ORpen^eHHue wb RpaROBi^ 6£UH flSuqHHRaMH, 



- 171 - 

Taixe Hiraero He AOKasuBaerb, noTOMy qTo, npHHiBmie keto- 
inqHSiTB BMtcTi ci» flrejjioHi>, no spafiHeft Mtpi^ HtEoxopue 
031 Esoi'b 6ua npaBocjaBHUMH. BHtcit ci hehi nepemej[i» 
wh HOByio Bftpy Bhtobtl, 6uBinifi yse npaBOCjaBHUHi , Bh- 
raHA'b HiH BiiryHTi, HasBaHHuft AjeEcaHApoMt, a npesA^ na- 
3UBaBiiiiHcfl OeAopi-BacHjiitt , xaidfl HMena, no cBBx^Te^iLCTBy 
CTputtfiOBCiaro, oh'l nojiyqui npH EpeqeHm bi npaBocjaBie^^^, 
Sopiirejjio, HaBBaHHuft BadHHipoH^ h CBHApHrejuo - Boiecjia- 
BoiTb ^^^ npaBOCjaBiH AByxi nocjiftAHKxi hu ho EMteHi 
npflMUXi CBlbAl^Hift^ xoth bch nocjifixyioniafl A^flTC<ii>HocTb 
CBHApiirejua, ik)6obb Kb HCHy pyccRHn, h to, qio out no- 

GTOflHHO CUJrb BO FJiaBt HX'B, AOCTBTO^HO AOKBdUBaiDT'B OFO 

npaBociBBie; nepButt se HrpaJTB HeBHawTeiBnyio pou bi 
icTopie H TaiTb pano yuepi, ^to ecTOCTBeHHO oTcyTciBie ho^th 

BeflKHX'B HeiTL CBHAtTCJkCTB'B* ?T0 ISe OSHa^aeTL 9T0 o6t- 

mme specTHT&cff toibko ci t^mh SpaxbAMH, KOTopue en^e ho 
OKpecTUHCb, KOFAa Mu y6%AHiHCB, qro h ipe^eHHue uepoEpe- 
iQHBajiHCb? BfipoflTHo BTo 6uJL'b npex^orB , soTopmrL xot^jih 
npHipuTb, CA^jaTb meHi^e pidBinrL oTBasi SpaibCBi flrejiJia 
nepeftxH b'b pioiCByio B'bpy. 

IlepecMaTpHBafl Bcb npHBeAeHHUfl EBB^ciifl, A0Ba3£IBaS)I^ifl 
npaBOCJiaBie flrejja, mu saMtqaem, qTO 6ouniafl ^acib hxi 
oTjmqaeTCfl xapaKrepoH'L orpHi^aTejibHrnii ; xota btb ocoSoh- 
HocTb racEOAEo He yMeHbuiaerL hxi SHa^eHifl, ho mu mo- 

SCMl nOATBOpAHTb HXl H CBHA^TeJIbCTBaMH OOAOSHTejbHfinDl. 

r. niattHoxfi o6fl3aHU mu yEasaHieH'b na oaho co^HHenie XYl 

B%Ba, B'b EOTOpOHl HpflMO TOBOpHTCff, ^TO flreUO CUJi'L HpH- 
SBBHli Ha ipOHl HOJIbCBlft, Ch yClOBieifb OCTHBHTb CXUSMf/ H 
CJ^BTbCH HCTHHHUM'b XpHCTiaHHHOM'b. CXHBMOH) HBdUBaJOCb 

Btpoy^enie pyccEHXi MOCEOBCEaro rocyxapciBa, pyccBHXi* m- 

TOBCSHXl, laEl HUE BHA^JIH, UBiqe HaBfilBaJIH fl3UraHHEaHH, HO 

HHorAa, CHimaBi nocjitAHHX'b ci nepBUMH, h Kb EEWb npn- 



- 172 - 

jiaraiH HaaBame cxH3MaTHR0Bi>. Ri> lYI B^Ky noHfliie o tox- 
AecTBl^ H epHCTBft HcnoB'bAaHifl BCixi pyccHHi'L pacnpocrpa- 
Huocb Bce 6ojibe h 6ojite h loJbKO, (kiaroAfps aioiiy pac- 
mnpeniio cB^Ai^Hifi h yflCHeaiK) BsrjiaAa na npaBOCiaBie, mca 
Tejb XVI BiKa ys6 He ptmucfl cji^xoBaTb npHMibpy OHcaxe- 
left XIV B, noAo6HO m, aaauBaTb npesHioH) pe«iiR> flreua 
a3uqecTB0M%. Seaa, mo bc£ pyccKie HcnoBftAyH>n OAsy Bibpy 
H HTO fia 3anaA% ofia HasuBaeTca cxhshoio hju pacsojioiib, 
OHi> xafiib H o6o8Hawii> to B'bpoy^eiue, oeiaBBBii ROTopoe, 
Areuo npHHtm saTompiairL ^^^ ycipaHflTb xasoe npHMoe h 
flCHoe CBHAi^TeibCTBo Ha tomi tojuso ocHOBaHiH, MTO 9T0, no 
Bcett BtpoflTHocTH, offlflGKa H B'L AOKasaTOJibeTBo Toro npHBO- 
AHTb ouihSbh, BCTpft^aiDqiflci y pasmncB jrbiomiciteB'b , no- 
seT'B TOJBKO laKofi nHcaien, Baii niaftHoia, lOTopuft o^enb 
HCKycHO TOXEyerii hcto^hhih, coodpasHO ci CBoeio npeABanxoio 
MUCJibH). DpH Bceifb yBaiseHiH wb ero rpoMaAHott y^enocxH h 
sancfeqaTejibHOMy HCTopHqecROMy TffJiaHTy, hu ne nocj'&AyeMi 
ero npHM'bpy h o^enb G^aroAapHU emy sa yxa8aHie Ha comh- 
HOHie, BOTopoe HaM7i He 6uio h8B'6ctho. 9to coTOHeme osoh- 
MaxejibHO Y^^mjifiLeTh nacb, ^to flreuo nepemej'B bi khtojh- 

IPISHI H3'b opaBociaBifl. 

]i,M nojHOTU Hamero H3CJ[iA0BaHifl ne amEmL'h GyA^Ti 
ynoMflHyTb h o tI^xi miacimecBix'b A0Ka3aTejUiCTBax'b namero 

MHibHUIy EOTOpUH 6UIR H3Bi^CTHbI HeyTOHHMOHy TpysoHHsy Ha 

nojib^y jiiiTOBCRoft HCTopiH, Hap6yTy h Koropbui ptinHTeAHO ot- 
BepraioTCfl IIIaflHOxofi. IIoqTeHHUJt ncTopHsi JIhtbiiI HanaJiii hb 
cii^A'^ He6oj(binaro MpaMopnaro GapeibeM, HafiA^HHaro bi oa* 

HOft H3'b nOJIbCRHXl^ I^epRBOfi; Ha HeMl H306paiKeHBI HBTb HJIH 

mecTb ocoGii^ ci oahoK CTopoHU apxienHCKoni b enHCSon-b, 
ci APF<)^ flreuo h noAJrb nero, nftcROJibKo oTcrynff , no it- 
ByH) pyRy sencBafl 4>Hrypa, a no npaayK)— MyxecRafl (B'bpo* 

flTHO RpeCTHafl MBTb H RpeCTHUfi OTOI^'b). BeiHlitt RHfl3b, CRJO 



- 178 - 

HSB'L roJiOBy, AepsHTL Bi onyqeHHoit npaBoft pyst rpeqecRitt 
RpecTL, KaKi 6u HaMtpeeaflCb SpocHTb ero ea ciyneHH bosbu- 
ineHifl, Ha soropoirB CTOflrb npeuTii, a j^Byi) pyny npHira- 
Maeni Kb rpyp. ApxieimcKon'B sben ea rojioay ero Bo^y, a 
enHcsom BoanocHTi najs^h hhmi pacnaiie. Tain> ouHcajii na- 
pysHOCTb 6apejn>e«a HameAmitt ero rpa^i Iocha'b RyponaTHHi^- 
idit, npexnoiaraBmitt , wto ovb H3o6pasa6T'L BpeipeRie flrejua 
m-b npaBOCJiaBifl wh EaTOJHipidirL h bi TasoMi me CHUcjift 
cAftjaHO cooSiqeeie o6i btoS HaxoAR'b oSqeCTBy jioOHTejieil 
Hayrb, bi BapmaBft, ero npesHAeHTOM'B. Mu coBepmemo co- 
rjiacHU, ^0 ccujusa ea nanuTHHiPB, OTUCBatL KoiopuS h cbobb 
pascHOTpi^Tb Tenepb oneBb TpyxHO, ne MOseTL cjiysHTL oco- 
6eHHo CHJibHUMi AOKasaTejibCTBOHi Hamero MH^Hia, ecjH6i» oho 
He HMtJio APyrHXii , 5ojrbe raepAUxi ocHOBanift, ho ySi^SAOH- 
Hue Bi ero cnpaBepHBOCTH, mu cqarajiH ce5fl ne b'b npaai^ 
yifOjnaTb 061 dioHi naMflTHHKi, xoth 6u fl,M loro, qioOi o6pa- 
THTb Ha Hero BHHMaHie 6e3npHCTpacTHUXi> yqenuxi. TaEHU'L se 
xapaKTepoiTB ouHqaeTca h js^j^oe njiacTHqecKoe AORasaiejibCTBO, 
npHBOAHMoe HapCyxoMi: bi HSBicTHoft emy pyRonncH, nail- 

AeHHOtt Bl TpOIVOlTL MOHaCTUp'fe SepHapAHHOBl ynOMHHaeTCfl 
AP^BHOMl EOJrOROJrib BTOFO HOHaCTUpfl, HH KOTOpOHl> I^OpROB- 

HUMH 6yKBaiffl 5iua CA'bJiaBa cjAfljfoimaji HapHCb: <Ce a3i> 
pa6'L BoiRitt, Arobi OuApeBH^i c MaTepoio CBoeio yjBHHoio 
AjeEcaHApoBHOH) ... B. R. JI. A^^ra ecHO ceft roj[oroj[i» yjHi'L 
B^ i^epROBb CB.... eae... HapacR... bi BHjibHH, bo bhrh 6887». 
Ha jt^fpoi cTopoHt rpe^ecRilt RpecTb, na RoxopoMi 6ujia aa- 
Raa TO HaAHHCb, ho npoqecib ee hcboshosho, noiOMy ^to ona 
coBepmeHHO ciepjiacb. SA^cb o^obhaho roBopHxcfl aejiHBott 
KHflFHH'b H)jiiaHH% H o6i> opoMi Hsi OH cuHOBefi, ROToparo 
OTqecTBo «AHApeeBHiii> ne aojirho BBOAHib naci bi comhI^- 
Hie, nocjiib npHBeAeHHott HapncH Ha ap^^bhomi eaaHreJiiH, rA'b 
OjibrepA'b HasuBaeTCfl AHApeemi , hha se flROBi , no CBHA'b- 



- 174 - 

TencTBy pyccsiixi liTonHceft, 6bijio uphhato flrejuoMi, npi 
Epeo^eHiH ero bi npaBocjaaie ^^^. 

Hu jacBaem ce6fl Ha/(esAOH), ^to, nocifi npHBeAeHHUXi 
AOBaBaiejibCTBii, h'^tb yae HRsaBoft bobhoshocth coMH^BaTbcs 
Bi npaBOCJiaBiH flreua; saBJiioMaa TaEHHi o6pa30irB name H3. 
cjii&AOBaHie, mu onaTb noBTopfleurb , qro pacnpocipaHiuHCb wb 
TaRoft CTencHH 061 8Tomi npeAHerft tojibeo noTOMy, hto Bcrpt- 
THJH B^ HCTopn^ecKott juiTepBTypt ocofieHHiifl ycHJDfl A0Ka3ai% 
npoTHBHoe. Hej[b3i 6um ocxaBHTb Seai BHHHaHifl npHBOAHMiai 
AORasaiejibCTB'B, noTOMy ^to, He yHsqiosHBii hxi sHa^eHUi, mi 
rim% HorjiH ocjiaGHTb BupaseHHoe Ham mttm tohi bbx- 
HOMi> SHaqeHiii, KOTopoe HMijia Bi ilHTBt pyccKafl HapopocTb. 
JHHTBa imojLfA noAurajiacb pyccKOMy BJiflHiio bi XIY Bftst 
H, He ciy^HCb ea coeAHHenie c^ IIojbaieK), oTRpuamee no(M%A- 
Hett HecpaBHCHHO 6oj[£e nyxeii Kb BJOflniH) na nepByio , ohb, 
HecoHH^HHO, oCpycbjia 6bi oROH^aTeibHO. BHflSba ea, noTOMSi 
OjbrepAa, ciiHOBba pyccKHXi SHflseH'b, 6um npaBociaBHmiH^ 
TaRHMi xe 6ujrb flrejijo; He^pHBHaH)I^ie ero npaBOCxaBia ocra- 

HOBHTCff Bl HeXOyMibHiH DpeAl HHOFHHH ^BRTaMH ePO BpeMeHH 
H He CbyMtlDTl oOxflCHHTb HI1> \ J^IE HHX'b HeHOHflTflU 6yAyTl>, 
Hanp., HeCOMH'bHHblH CBHAtieJbCTBa TOMI, EBRI CnOKOttHO H 

SesnpenflTCTBeHHO pacnopasajcfl bi HHiepecaxi npasocjaBifl Kb 
J[htb6, KHnpiaHi, MHrponojHT'b Bcea PycH, GuBmiM Tan A- 
ToiTb 1378 roAa, npo'baAOirb bi MOCKOBCsoe rocyAapcxBo: He 
cKpbiBaflCb, He HsnoATHniEa, a oxRpuTo, Ha BHAy y bc^xi, 
oSpaHtajDni ohi fld&nmiEOB'b B'b npaaocjiaBie , CTpoHJH i^epEBH, 
3a6oTHjicfl 06'b yjEy^meniH yqacTH npaBocjaBmix^, bosoShobhjii 
yHJiaxy A^HXHH'b HocEOBCEoft MHiponojdH H Aase noAHan bo- 
npocb i^epEOBHUx'b HM'^Hiflxi, EOTopuMH HonpaBHJbHO saBJia- 
AtJH BHHdbfl n Scape. Baii dToro bhaho, EaBHMH ObicrpuMH 
maraMH nijo npaaocjiaBie bi> JHhtbI^: ocjih OjbrepA'b c^HiajTb 
en^e nysubiM'b CEpuBaxbca, xo flrejuio , sanj^^aa ace 56jibmee 



- 175 - 

ocjaSjeme flSinecTBa, He CoHTCfl, noA'B BJunieirB CBoeft Ma- 
TepH , oTKpuTO noKpoBHTejDiCTBOBaTi* iipaBociaBiio H A^uee no- 
aBoiaeTL apximacTupio BpasjeSHaro eiiy rocyAapcTBa A^iaTb 
pacoopflseHifl a^ ero noASu h npop^Tamfl ^''^ 

Wu HasBajni imiselt, ROTopue apecTHiHCb BH-bcTik ci 
flreuoMi, TpYAHfte jRaBaTB na 'Atl jditobceiix'b 6oflpi>^ ko- 
Topue npHHfliH RpeiqeHie Kb BpaKOBfi, noTOMy qio wb hoto^- 
HHiaxi BCTpb^aeTCH xonso oCn^ee Bupaseflie : «h mhoto Soapi 
jiMTOBCKHX'B» ; MesAT Hi™B Mu 3HaeM'L TOJDbRO Paffimiiua, 
Koroputt, ocTaBiflH aauqecTBO, nprafln hha Hnoiaa, CAtjiaB- 
meecfl EScAfpneEEEorb bi ero poAb'^^ 

18 MBpaiH HOBOoapeii^eHHtift tiwb coepHeHi SpaqiUMH 
yaaMH cb npeapacHoft flpirolt h bi toti ae A^Hb orSiaro- 
xapHXB naHOBi h nuaxTy 3a OKaaaHHoe eiiy npepo^Teme, Aft- 
poBaBi mrb hobuh, aecbiia Ba&H£ifl Arora. IIojiyqiBi cb 
WTb nomomfM pyiy Hepaoft Bb Eaponi ipacaBU^i h y&e la- 
caacb noAcsoft RopoHU, flreiio, wb ^Bfj BOCTopra, ae mn 
coo6pa3HTb^ ?T0 nocjcbAHifl cofiuriH cjuiiiirohi AOCTaxowo pas- 
BHJDi npaaa a npHBHierm nojbCRoft miaxTU a orpaaH^iiiH ro- 
pojieacRyio BiacTb, a BMtCTt c^ aeio ocjia6uH a canoe rocy- 
AapcTBo; bmActo toto, itoOi nojoxarb npeA^jrb AftJn>H%ftme- 
My pa3BHTiio STRX'b BpeABUxb OTHomeaitt, flreuo caMi HAerb 
aa Bcrp'bqy ipeOoBaaiaiib nMaxTu a Taaairb ofipasoHi npo- 
Aoixaerb nojaraRy, npHBOAmyio Ilonniy wb paaaeiiy aaAeaiio. 
OcoSuMi AORyneaTOHi (18 oeapaja 1385) oai pacnmpaeTb 
Tb npaBa a npaBajieriH , ROTopuHa noj[b30Bajiacb auiaiTa , aa 
ocBOBaaiH AORyMeaxa aomai^Baro; cpaaaeaie odoaxi AORyMea* 
TOBi flcate noaaseirb aaMi aaa^eaie xoro, ^to 6ujio nmo 
flrejuoiTb. 06a oaa, a apaROBCRitt a Roaiaiquft, o6%qaiDTb, «ito 
BCflRoro poAa aojurboctb h AOCioaacTBa 6yAyTb aaicba^aTbca 
injaxTOio , oci^A^OH) bi Tofi se m'6ctboctb , rA'b orapuBaeTca 
BaRaacia, ho RpaaoBCRitt A^syMearb opaOaBJifleTb , <ito aasaa- 



— 176 - 

^enie SyAexi ffftjaibCfl no coeamy OKOMuoi uLMnxam. Hep- 
Butt o6fl3yeTb Ropoifl HenpeMi^HHO OTAaBaib noxib naqaju^cTBO 
miflXTU pa/waTb Tpa rjiaBeifiuiHX'b saMca^ BTopoi ase acho 
roBopHTb, ^TO Bct aaMRH, 6631 HCBJUoqemH, jifijaaui HaxoxHTbci 
BO BjacTH miflXTU. B'B Bomm^ax'L mjaxxa nojiyqua oOMa- 
Hie, mo sopoib 6yA6rb MBTHTb eft 3a ySiiiBH, noneceHmie n 
sarpaHEqHoft boBhI^, ho eon Bpari BTopraeTCfl wh npextju 
EopojieBCTBa , to ona oSasafla HsrflaTb ero 6e3i BcaRaro bo3- 
HarpasAeHifl, bt, SpaaoBi ace rocnoAHHi h oneayHi noibniH 
(TaaoBi THxyji ArejiJia xo aopoHaipH) corjiamaexca B03Harpa- 
AHTb muxxy 3a SHmumeMtMe youTEH, noflecoHHue en fifme 
BO BHyipeHHefi Bottnt. H Taa^b ace paBHO, sa rpaHHi^efi u ae- 
Aexca Bottna, hjih apari sattAexi bi> caMyio rj[y5b Iloibuui, 
nuiaxxa 6yAexi 6HXbca cl hkhi xojibao noxoHy, vro eft o6ft- 
u^aHa ynjaxa sa noneceHHue ySuxKH. Bxopott AoayHeHTi yan- 
xoacaexi KopojieBCKHXii cyAeft, HasuaaBiuHXca onpaBi^ami a xa* 
BHHi o6pa30Hi coBepmeHHO npeKpan^aexi HenocpeACTBeaayio 
cyAe6HyH) Bjacxb aopojui aaAi* aapoAoiTb , aoxopuft Bcei^o 
oxAaexcH bi bojio h pacnopaaaeHie uijiaxxu. RoniHiqeift Aoay- 
MOHxi* HaiaraeTi aa aijaxxy o6fl3aHH0CTb uonpaajaxb, Kb at- 
Koxopuxi cjiy^aaxB, 3aMKH, EpaaoBCEift moiwxi o6i axoHi a, 
cji&ACTaeHHO, A^exi npaao npepojiaraxb , ^xo nuiaxxa aaSaa- 
jeaa h ox'b axott noBHHHOCXH ^^K TaaaMii o6pa30Hi miaxia 
noiy wia oxi cbohxii Eopoieft npaao saMib^axb Bcb noqexaua 
H BbiroAH&ia Mbcxa, oaa AoSajiacb, qxo aoeaHaa ea cjyx6a 
onjia^HBajiacb^ aas'b bi> darpaaaqnofi, xaai h bo Bayxpeaaefi 
Bottat, oaa saxaaxajia bi> cbob pyaa noaaoe ynpaajeaie aapo- 
AoiTB, oaa Aepxajia ai caoefi ajiacxa rjiaaayH) saufaxy cxpaau 
H rjiaaayio onopy aopojieacaoft aiacxa— aanEH^ oaa paeaoja- 
rajia aopoaoft, noxoMy qxo, npeAJiosHB'b ee flrejijy, aa cioBa 
He caaaajia o npaBaxi ero noioMCxaa a sa Bce axo oaa ajia- 
XHJia xoAbEo 2 rpoma cb aaavAaro Jiaaa seMia, aoxopaa aa- 



- 177 — 

xoAHiacb Bi efl Biaf^^wi. BopojiK) ociaBajocb toaro npaBO 
cjrxa ESiKb niiflXTOK), npe^BOAHTejibCTBo eio , npaso o6'BflBiflTb 
Bofiny H sajsiioqaTb nnpii h pacnopHseme sopoHHioiH HHiuiflMu. 
Taue, iiayifiiTeibHO SucTpue ycnfixs nuflXTUj na iiyni pas- 
Birrifl efl npaai h orpaHH^eaifl RopojieBCROi BjacTH oSbflCHfiDTCfl 
droHCTHqecRHirb OTHomeHieirb JlK^AOBiusa wh HokoA^ Hacxaa- 
fflHM'b nocjft ero CHepiH 6e3RpojieBbeMb h OTcyxGTBieH'b xapaa- 
lepa H coo6pa3HT64bHocTH Bi* Arejjrb. IIojyqHB'b, no cjoaairb 
myroma, ^^' wb oaho h xose BpeHfl, xpH Heoi^fleHHUX'b Aapa: 
CB. Rpen^eme, npeapacByK) xoHy h 6jaropoAByio Ropoay, oai 
naxepfljTb rojoay h x^ttcxBoaajTb 5631 BCflaaro pac^exa. Ha na- 
HOBi DOjECRHxi, Roxopue npeHcSperjiH CBoeio exapoio ARHacxieft 
H HHOCTpaHHUH'b RaxojHvecRHM'b npHHi^eirb H npexnoqjiH hhi 
aapaapa, nz'b n^eApuxi pyai ero nouJHCb xaaifl Soraxcxaa, 
qxo npesHflfl, oxuqaBiuafl hx'b CRpoHHOoxb coBepmeflHO HCMeajia, 

OHH CAl^aUCb SaXHUMH M ROpUCXfilUIH, H6 CXIJpjUICb BU- 

opaniHBaxb y aopoja hob£1xi Muocxett, HOAOBOJibcxByflCb xtn, 
^To owb cairb A^Bajn HM'b, h xbri saR'b bxii ajqHOCib Morjia 
6uxb yAOBjexBopaeMa xojbRO aa cqexi> rocyAapcxBeHHUxi ao- 
xoAOBii ) xo , B'b Kowlk ROHi^oBi , uasHa noxepntia b^l xaaoft 
CTeneHH, wo ea cpeACXBi ho Aocxaaajio juBn^e na HeoSxoAHMoe. 
floAoOmift oOpas'b A^&oxBia Sujii xtHi onaca^^e, qxo, npiyqaa 
miaxxy wb 6e3npecxaHHBurb nosajOBafliaiirb , ae yiiba Hjm, 
lyqme cRasaxb, ne cMfbR hh b^ qeHi oxaasaxb eft, flreuo h 
npeeMHHHOB'b cbohxi cxaBui wb HeofixoAHuocxb cji^AOBaxb ero 
663pa3cyAB0My npHHftpy, xaaii aaab HeBOSMOXBO yase 6iuo 
CAepsaaxb naaoB'b, BJiaA'l&BniHX'B cxoiib niBpoRHiui npaaaMH. Och- 
naa mi AP^roii'bBHOcxaMH , hbi Roxopuxi saaeHi xojbRo no- 
XapoRib ero GnuxRy MeibmxuacROHy, cocxoflBiultt hbi sojioxuxii 
caHAajitt, Cb bocxo^hoh) pocRonibiD yRpameflHuxi AoporHHH 
KaMeabflHH, ^^^ flrejuio ae aaSbuib h aaasefi, Roxopuxi npaaa 
aa nojOiCRyD Ropoay thuun hmi nonpaau. BjiaAHCJiaB'b onojib- 



— 178 - 

Ceift) He CTOJibBO caHii xoCHBaBinificfl npecToia, cKolbJKO ctoiiB- 
miit 3a BubrejibHa , jsfijmewb Sujui nojiyquxb B03HarpasAeHie 
3a To^ ^To ocxaBMi CTopoHy aacTpiitcRaro upHHi^a h npHMBHyii 
Bi napxiH i&rejMa; SemoBHrb Hasosei^Bifl, ci Tasoio dHepiiei) 
HCKaBmiil pysn flABBrii h coepHeHHofi c^ Heio BopoHti, nocJi 
HeHMOBi^pHiiixi ycHjdfl y6%AHBniifiCfl bi uecOuToqHocTH cbohxi 
HBAesA'b, 0TBa3ajica oxi CBoeft i^^jih h h3i> peBHOcra bi> BHJb- 
lejibMy, BOTopuft TaRi Becejo Taai^OBajii cim AABHroio wb «paH- 
i^HCBaHCKOirb MonacTbipl^ , ca^^jibjich cropoHHHBOM'b flrejM. 
IlepBuft Oujiii B03HarpaasA6Hi> GpaKOMii CBoeft AO^epH Aabbiii 

Cl BOpOJIOBCBHMl GpBTOMl AjieBCaHApOMl BHTyHTOIfb , DOjy- 

qflBuiHM'b hiiOc^jffiTmiiL RHflxecTBO BepaoBCBoe '^\ BTopoft, xe- 
HMCfl Ha poAHott cecrp'b Bopoia, AjieBcaHAP'b h noiywjrb bi 
npHABHoe 6oraTyH) h njOAopoAHyio o6jacTb 6ej3CRyH) ^^^. J^y- 
roft MBSOBeiMutt repi^orb, loaHH'b seHHJca hb AhhI^, cecrpt 
Bhtobtb h TaBHMi o6pa30Mi 3aBjno«ieHHue Gpawue cofoau 
AOJiSHU 6ujiH coAl^ftcTBOBaTb safipi^HJieHiH) cbbsh Me»Ay ^' 
BOM) H flojbnieK), coeAHHeHie HOTopuxi Gujio lopxecTBeHHO sa- 
BBJOHO flreuoHii Ha BopoHaiyH. 

UlyMHoe Becejbe nocjitAoaaJio bi KpasoB^ 3a oOpBAoi'B 

lOpOBOBBHifl, BeWROJltUHbie HHpU CH^^HflJIHCb TdHI^aMH , pU- 
I^apCBHHH TypHHpaMH H pa3H006pa3HJHCb HftflieMlb npHABopHuxi 

ntBUOBii H BUXOABaMH 6BOMopoxoB'b. HcAOJiro, OAHaBOBTb, npo- 
AOJisajLOCb 9T0 Becejbe ; ci OAHoft CTopoHU, nojioseme Bemoll 
QojibmH, Bce easfi xepsaeMoft BHyTpenfleio yco6Hi^eft h Henpiaa- 
HeHBo CHOTp^Buieft Ha H36paHi6 flrejiJia, c^b APyroft jmroacKifl 

COGUTifl CMyil^ajffl BCtXl yqaCTHBROBl BpaEOBCBHX'b 6aHB6T0Bl. 

AyxoBCHCTBo H HHorie Hsi BasflibftmHX'b hbhobi aejiHEoft Ilojb- 
mH caMH o6paTHJ[HCb &!» HOBOMy BopojiH) n ero cynpyrt ci 
iipocbGoH) ycnoROHTb HecqaciHyio CTpaay h jraqHUMi npHcyx- 
CTBieMi nojosHTb BOHei^i ea 6t)ifiT!Binwb. Qpocb6a HXb 6uia 
HcnojiHeHa, ho bi HaBoit cxeneHH onacHburb hbxoahjih noiioseBie 



- 1^9 - 

AtJTL Bl BeJIHEOfi IlOJIkni^, BHAHO H31i TOFO^ ^TO ABOp^ OTHpa- 

BRJCH Tjjifl BT» conpoBosAenin sHaqiiTejiLHoit BoopyseHHoft cmu^ 
cocTaBJieHHoB n3i> ceHAOMHpcRoit h RpaKOBCEoii uijihxtu. Tie- 
qajbHan BCipi^^a osiiAajia Ropojiff h KopojieBy: bm^cto myM- 
Hux'L impoBi H pasHaro po^a oaai^iit, noBcioAy HaxoAHJiH ohh 
yrpH>Moe MOjraaflie h cypoBua, noqiH yrpoffcaioii^ifl JiHi^a ; oSqee 
HepacnoiosseHie BUCRasajiock BecbHa HenpiHTHUMii co6uTieMi>, 
KOTopoe cjiy^HJiocb hohth TOTqac^, no npHSuTin hx'l bt* bg- 
jHRyK) nojbmy: ocTanoBHBmBCb bi* FHtdHt, Ropojib noTpeSo- 
Baji OTL RanHTyjLU laRi HaauBaeMoft CTaiQH , t. e. aocibb- 
jteaifl BisbTb aRHsneHHUxi npHnacoBi, Heo6xoAHMbiX'L pa Hero 
H ero cbhtkt. Go6ctbohho roBopa, ohi* ho hm'^ji'l hb bto hh- 
RDRoro npaBa h He Mon He codHaaaTb CBoero GesnpaBifl, no- 
TOHy qxo HeAaBHo HSAaanufi hmi npna^Jiefl Sujix TOjbKO uoa- 
TBepasAeHieirL n pacmHpenieM'L RouiHi^Raro, npaMO OTRaauBaB- 
maro Kopojfo bx npaa^ Ha CTai^iio. Bi aiOM'L cjyqat flrejiJio 
AMcTBOBajri no Hayn^eniio cbohxi npHSjHaseHHKiX'b, MesAY bo- 
TopuMH 6biJH se^aBHiie ocRopSnTb rHl&3HeHCRyio nanHTyjiy, ho 
naqaibCTByioqifi bi neft ^peJIaT^, HnROJiafi CTpo36epn> oiRa- 
dajfb Ha OTp'63'L, ccKiJiaflCb na Romni^Koe nocTaHOBjenie; TorAa 
flrej[jo BcnoMHHj'L jiHTOBCEie nopflARH h npnRa3aji'b norpaSnib 
Bce Heo6xoAHMoe b^ a^P^bhhx'l^ npnnaAJieffiaBniHX'L Kannxyjii. 
IIocjitACTBifl BuniJiH njiaqeBHUfl : 3a npHrnaHHbiM'L crotom'l na 
ABopii RopojeacKifi npnO^atajin TOJinu RpecTbani, hxi> seHU h 
AoqepH H CL njiaqemi h BonjiaMH Tpe6oBajiH B03Bpan^eHi8 cbo- 
ero HMyn^ecTBa, a HnROJiafi CTposSepra, sa Hapymenie npaai 
iiepRBH, HajoasHJi'b HHTepAHRTii Ha iHi^dHO H yAajiBJCfl m% 
Hero, npeRpaTHBi, xaRHiu'L oGpasoMx, 6orocjiyaseHie npeA'b ca- 
muwh npa3AHHR0M% CB'^TJiaro BOCRpeceHba. BM'femaTejibCTBO 
JiABHrn nonpaBHJO ji/kJio^ crotii 6ujli> Bosapan^eH'b Rpecxbfl- 
HaM'b, xoTH npenpacHoe cepAi^e RopojeBU naxoAHJio, hto ohh ne 
BosHarpaasAeHU AOCTaToqauMi* oOpasoHii : <rto BoaBpaTHTb lawb 



- 180 - 

cje3u», roBopua OHa, lorAa, ycnoKOHBaa ee, eft cooSn^an, 
qTO Bce 3axBaq6HHoe oT^aHO HasaAi. yAOBierBopeHHutt GTpos- 
6eprB CHflJx sanpen^eHie, SorocjiyseHie CHOBa OTRpuiocb, ho 
ABopi He xoT^JTL yxe npaBAHOBaiB cBfiuoe BOCRpecenbe vb 
Vutmi H, ne^aiLHutt, BUfixajii b'l IIosHaHB. ^^^ 

Gi HeMajoiMH Tpy^aHH y^ajiocB flreijqr ycnoEOHTB boj- 
Henie, Tepsanmee BeiHsyio Qoumy^ ssajyff oahhii Bjuneiii- 

HUMH AOJiSHOCTHMH, APyrHXt HSrOHflfl HJDI SaBJDD^afl Bl TCM- 

HHi^u, owb AOCTHT'L HaKOHei^i cBoeft i^n. DoposAeHHUfl CMyr- 
HUMi BpeMeHencL , MHorowcjieHHUfl mattEH paaSoftHHSOB'L, ko- 
Topufl pasopflXH Rpafty 6emh yHH^TOserai npHmeAnaniH ciio- 
pojreMi oipflAaMu h TasHii^ oSpaaoHi 6iuo B03CTaHOBieHo noi- 
Hoe cnoRoftcTBie. Bi nocjii^AHHXi ^HCJaxi iiojui flreuo Sun 
yse Bi BpaROB'6 h bi rohi^ jI^tb yi^xajii Ha cefixi , vb 
HOBuit Kop^HHi; BA'bCk, rbri RopoHOBaHHufi rocyAapB IIojibniH, 
OR'B noATBepAHJH co6paBniHMCfl npejiaTaiTL, MarHBTaHi h Bcell 
miflXTi^ T'b npaBa h npHBHjeriH^ ROTopuR 6ujai pfivhi mwb bi 
KpaROBi^, B'L Ra^ecTBt crocnoAHHa h oneRyna RopojieBCTBa 
nojibCBaroi h Tyxi sRd BupasHJTb sRejiaHie npncTynHTb wb rc- 
HOJiHeHiH) aaasHi^ftniaro hbi cbohxi oSintamft, Kb Rpen^eniR) 
JiHTBbi. CefiMi RonqHicfl 29 ceHTflSpa^^^; HacxynHBrnaa oceRb 
He 6j[aronpiHTCTBOBajia nyremecTBiH) b% JbrTBy, ROTopoe 6Hio 
BOBMosHo TOJibRo HOAi* ycjoBieRfb Mopo30Biy o6pan](aBniHX'b jr- 
TOBCRifl SojoTa B'b xopomyR) npo:&3syK) Aopory h tbri oriiSA'b 
flrejijia no HeBOjit saMeAJiHJicR, xotr npoHcmeciBifl, cjqf^HBmiflCfl 
Bii JlHTBt HacTOfliejibHO Tpe6oBajH ero npHcyxcTBifl. 



rjIABA V, 



En^e wb MBpajt w/bcttn% sorAa flrejio 6iui saHim fb 
SpaKOBib CBOHMi ipeiuemeHi h npasAHOBaHieini CBoeil CBaAb6u, 
opAeHi BHecB oroHb h onyoTomeaie Kb JbiBy, ooraBiiiyiocfl na 
BpeMfl 6e9i rocyxapa, bm^cto Toro, qxoSii, sairb micairb enn- 
CRon'b xepnTciifi, BocxHs^axbCH ero o6pwifimwb. Befldb AoApeft 
noioipiift^ soTopufi oTAajCH noA% nospoBHrencTBO opAeea i 
CAfejajca ero jeflflHRoirb, Hamen, ^to apeiifl OTcyrcTBUi flrejua 
HaH6oj1^e yAo6Ho au ocyqecTBJieHiH ero naHftpenift. JHBOHCBitt 
■arHCTpi npHCJiajTB eiiy boScko h, rbsi nHcajrb anocjii^ACTBiH 
flreuo Kb nani ^^\ yroBopMi cMoieHCBaro RflflSfl GBHTocjiaBa 
TaBse HanacTb na JfliBy. nojoaeme ea 6£Uo onacaoe^ bx 
Heft, oqeBHAHO, Haqimajiocb CHJbHoe Spoaeflie, npeHHyn^ecTBeHHO 
MesAT pyccEiurL ea HaceieHieirb, aoiopoMy, Roaewo, ae apa* 
BRJieb oepexoA'b flreua vb saTOJiHipiBM'b i conaii cb Dojib- 
meiD. no3AHfte mu yBHABM'b, ^to H)iiaHHa a npaaocjiaBHiie 
cifflOBba ea cami ipeBOBajHCb aa CBo6oAy hu B&poHcnoB'b- 
Aaaia ^^^ , Tiwb ecxecxBeHate 6i>mo coHH^Hie a (eanosoficTBO 
Bi BHBmeM'b Bjacci. drairb cocToaaiencb saxoTtiH Bocnojibdo* 
Baibca Ob OAHOfi cxoponu pm^apa a AaApett, ^toSi aaxBaxaTb, 
vb ero nojbsy, bch) pyccayi) qacxb JbiTBu h cb Apyroft Car 
TociaB% , vro&b OTopaaib orb aea tto aaSyAb, ocoSeaHo Mcth- 
cjaaib, BOTopuft npesA® npaaaAJieaajiii CMoieacaoiiy Raase- 
CTBy. CoeAaaeaaua BoftcRa axi xpa aeAtjia rocTRja b'b JIflTBft 
H npeABja ee HeMBJOcepAaoMy pasopeaiio aa npocxpaacTB'b 
Ooite 60 MHib^^^^ nocji$ aecJUiixaHaux'b secTOROcxeit, coBep- 



— 182 — 

meHHUxi> HdA'B Cessan^flTHKUfL HacejieeieHi, CBflTocjas'B 0610- 
2RHJII Opmy, HO He hofb npHHyAHTb ee ri c^aqi^. GnaoTiBS/be 
AMcTBOBajur pui^apn ci> AaApeeM'L : ohh bshju JlyKOMJib h Qo- 
joipcb, KOTopue. OTAajiH Ahapch), BaKi JieHHHEy opAena ^'^, 
onycTomHjm 18 BOJOCTefi ao caMuxb OniMflHi, saxBaiHJiH 3000 
nji^HHiiixi H HCTpeGHJiH HHoasecTBO HapoAa. OGoApaeMufi hxi» 
ycnibxaMH, CBflTocjiaBi> OTnpaBHJicfl aii CMOjencKi h, B03Bpa- 
TMBmHCb ci HOBOflaOpaHHUMi BoficROM^, Haqaji ocaAy Hcth- 
cjaBjfl H onycTomeHie ero bojiocth. TaKia neqajbHua bI^cth 
nojiyqenu 5hih B^ BpaBOBl^ bo apeHfl 6aHReT0Bi» h OaioB'L, 
EOTopBiMH npa3AH0Bajncb CBaAb6a h RopoHai^ia flreua; caul 
OHi HO Morb OTiyqHTbCfl H3i HoibuiH H pl^HUUTb nociaib? 
BHi^CTO ce6fl, CRHpreua h BHioBia, ho ohh 6hj[h bi saxjiaAt 
y nojibCEHXi naHOBi, RaRi nopyqHTOJH 3a flrejuia h ne hofji 
BUi^xaTb Hsi nouoiH paH'be HcnoffleHifl ero oG^qanifi; oaH&i 
ycxyoHjiH , oAHaROS'b , TpeSoBamaiirb oGCTOflTejEbCTBii h a^^ 
oSoHJMCb RHflSbflirb no3BOJieHie oxapaBHTbCfl bi JlHiBy, cb o6fl- 
daiejibCTBOMii B03BpaTHTbCfl no nepBOMy BOCTpe6oBaHiio^^^ B'b 

CipaCTHyiO HflTHHI^ nOAOHMH HOJIRH CRHpf ejlia, BHTOBXa H HX'b 

SpaTbOBii, BopH6yTa, SoHCiaHTHHa h JHHTBemfl wb ocasA^H- 
flOMy ropoAy. CBaxocjiaB'b AOJiaeH'b 6uji'b npHHflib cpamefiie h 
noTepflJi'b ero, BHtcxt ci asHSHbio; cuHOBbfl ero, H)pifl h Ti'bSb 
nonajiHCb bi juitwb. GRHprejiJio oqenb mhjiocthbo oOomeicfl cb 
nepBBiMb, TaR'b RaRi ohi> 6bijib seuaTi na ero njieMflHHHi^; 
BecbHa HCRycHbifi bi MBffiUflEfb^ owb BbutuHJH* ero ot^ paHb 
H nocaAHJTb na CMOjencROM'b ctoj%, bm^cto norH6maro Gbhto- 
cjafia, TjLi6'b me ocxajca Bb n.i'bHy ^^^ HoROHqHBi xaRHMb 
oGpasoHi* (Tb GmojieHCROM'b, RHHSbfl BEiCTynHJH npoTHBi AHApefl; 
cRopo OToCpajH OHH JlyROMJib H IIojioi^Rii H, saxBaxHB'b caMoro 
AHApea, otocjibjih ero Kb Ropojio, ROTopuit npHRasaj'b uocaAHTb 
ero Bjb xeaipiHCHii 3aM0Ri, faI^ axorb fiHasb BUCHA^JTb orojo 8 



- 183 - 

Shmod 13 ^%7 roAa, vh conpoBOXA^mH Bopojesu flpHrH, 
apiieiiHCKona rHtsHencKaro , enacRona EpasoBCEaro, BHaaett 
loaHua H SeMOBHTa Ha30Bei^BHX%, Bonpaxa ojecHHiptaro n mho 
THxi HarHaTOBi , Butxa ji fire jjo bi Jhtby pa Toro , qToSi 
npHCTynHTL bi Bpcn^eHiio oa, no oSpfi^y phmcbo8 i^epEBH. Bi 
caHojii Havait 1387 r. codBaai Oujtl cetwb wb BmibEi^ ua 
ROTopoiTL, EpoHt upi'bxaBniHX'b Hdl IIojbmH, 6UiH CRHprejiJio 
ipoipriit^ Bhtobtb rpoAHCHCEift, BjiapMipi EieBCBift, RopnGyrb 
HOBropoACBiil H MHoro jHTOBCEHXi Soapi. Ha 9T0Mi> ceilMfi 
npesi^e Bcero nocTaHOBieno : cbc^xi npHpoAHuxi jiRTOBi^eBi, 
o6oero nojia h BCHxaro SBania, ri Btpi EaToiHqecEoS h ei 
noGjymaiiiH) cb. pHMCBoft i^epBBR npHBieqB h abso npHHeBOJiHTb, 
Bi> RaROMy 6iJ Bi^poHcnoBi^AftHiiD ohh npesA^ h? npHnape- 
2gjg^295 XaRBH^ oOpasoMi, bbei h cj^aobbio osHpTb, pyc- 

CSie OCTBBJeHU npH CBOett CTapott Btpft H TOJbEO jthtobi^u, 

xoTfl5u HcnoB%Ai>iBaBniie npaBocjaaie, jipjimEa Cujh npHHHTB 

KBTOJIHI^HSM^ ; HO d OTHOCHTOJIbHO JHTOBDieBli AOJffiHO 3aM%THTb, 

^To He Bci^ OHH 6UJH opHHyBEAaeMBi nepeni^HHTb B'bpy, a TOJibso 

Tt, ROTOpue XHJH Bb EHaseCTBaXTi BHJieHCEOH'b H TpOI^EOHl, 

T. e. T%, BOTopue SujH noAi* HenocpeACTBeHHOH) BJiacTbio flreji- 
Jia H CBHpre^iia ^^^; ocTajibHue npoAOJiffiajiH HcnoBl^AUBaTb 
npesBee asbiqecTBO hjh npHHBToe hmu npaBocjaaie - JRoiyAb 
TaRxe coxpaHHJia atpy npeAEOBi. Bupaseaia: «npHBJ[eqb» h 
(npHHeB0JiHTb», ynoTpeSjreHHUH wb noHaayTOH'b nocTaHOBjeHiH, 
ysaauBBiorb na abb pasjnranux'b xapaRiepa cpeACXBi* a Mtpii, 
noHou^bH) ROTopuxi HdcasA&«]'3Cb b^l JIbtb'6 hobbh pejiMria. 
Bupasenie «npHBJie?b» , yBasBiBafl na MflrBia noCysA^aifl eii 
BifeqeHiK), cooTBi^TCTByeT'b AOEymeHTy, EoiopuBrb cooSniiajiHCb 

JHTOBCEOMy 60flpCTBy MHOria HOBUfl npBBa. npHHHB'b CB Rpe- 

n^eHie, ohh nojryqain npaao pacnopBsaTbCfl cbobm^ HMynie- 
cTBoiTb, €RaBT> mjiflXTa BopoHU noj(bCRo8» ; bto Smjio oqenb 
aasHofi opHBHJieriefi, noiOHy vro npesA^^ n gbmh 6oHpe h hxii 



- 184 - 

BM^Hifl cocTaBiflJH noiHyiD €o6cTBeHuocTb RHfldfl; spoiA Toro 
HHi oSi^n^aHO CRoptftmee ornpsBieme npasocyAui, hm wro 
HasHaqeHU wb RajsAoirb OEpyri^ cyxi^H h qmoBHraii, npnMH 
AHBmie bi HcnoieeHie etl npnroBopiL BiAcTfi ch npaBOHi 
coGcTBeHHOCTH^ 6oflpe noiyqan npaBO pacnopflsaTBCB yqacTbn 
CBOHX'L Aoqepett h poACTBeneHit'L , homh BUAaBBTb etl aa- 
HyacL no npoBOBOiy, na qio npesA^ noiman 6iUH Hcnpanm- 
BBTb no3BOieHifl SHirafl. Hx'b seHU oOesoeqiiBajDicb Ha ciy^ai 
CHepiH Hysett, niri^Hie noEottnaro iiocryoaio bo BiaA^Hie ne- 
pesHBDiett ero i toako, npn btopothoitb be sanyscTBib, aoisho 
6ujo nepettiH Kb jf^bTSWh em f^jvEWb poACTBCHHiRaMib. HocrpoS- 

KB RHflSeCSHX'B SailROB'b H BOeHHaH CJysSa Ha C06cTBeHH0Nl 

HSAHBemH cociaBJUiia OTHuni^ eAHHCTBCHHyH) ofiisaHHOCTb jn- 

TOBCEHX'B 60flpi) EOHCWO ifiX'B, EOTOpUC HpHHElH EaTOJDiqeCTBO. 

CaMoco6oH) paayMioTCfl, TroHsnl^HHBniie eny TepflJH osHa^eHHiu 
npaaa^^l TaEOBu 6ua iri^pu, BOTopuNH cBioHfljnjnrroBCEoe 
SoapcTBO rb npnHflTiio HOBott Bi^pu ; roposaHBM'B BHaHU oM- 
wiBLME HarAeSyprcBoe npaBo ^^^ a npociott napoA^ saoxouBaiH 

6ftjmiH CyBOHHUHH OJIfiWHSME. JI^TODHCipi rOBOpflTb, VTO MHO- 

rie EpecTHiHCb toaeo ffja loro, nroC'b nojyuTb laEyn xo- 
poniyH) offimj^ e bto ho aoibho yAHBJiflTB hbcl: b'l JbiBt, 
BBBi H B'B APyniX'L cTpaHaxi, MHorie npHHHMajni xpncriaH- 

• 

CTBO, BCJ^ACTBie BopucTHUxi HoSysAemtt; bi Jbsr^ oho h 
He Horio 6uTb npHHflio coanaTejiBHO h paayNBO, noiOHy qxo 
flawosHBH AonycEBiHCb Kb CB. Bpen^eHiio Cesii Haxiesaniaro 
nparoTOBJieHifl) 6e3i ycBoenifl eBaHreucEHX'b hcthhi; nocjtx- 
Heo o6xflCHfleTce, cb opoft CTopoHU, BpaTEOcxbH) BpeMeHH, a 
cb Apyroft oTcyrcTBieiTb nponoBi^AHHEOBi, SHaiOHpixi ivroBCEiil 
flSKurb H, oii^ACTBeHHO , noHaTHux'B HapoAy* Toubo flreuo 
H BHTOBTb H, Moserb 6BiTb, H6MHorie H3i> ETb HpHOnseH- 
iiux'b, cjyaHJH nepeBOA^EaiiH nan CBen^eHHEBOBi , roBopHB- 
rnHxi Ko HoacBH H caMH coo6n^aiH napoAy BasHtttmifl hqtihh 



— 185 - 

xpiCTiaHCTBa; xfiomun JiHQa , Ai^ttcTBOBaBinifl Sesi hx^b no- 
Monp, AOUHU 6um orpaHHUBaiBCfl yHnqTosemeirL hao- 
jOBi, CBimieHHUX'L raAOBi, CBeqeHHUX'B AylipaB'L h Apyniii» 
iipexM6T0Bi» , qiEMiix'B ABu^HHRaHH. IIocx6 KpaiKaTO Foyqe- 
Hiii , BaMmnmovb , TOjmaMH , pascraBiflU no CeperavE Bh- 
jui ^ apxienHCKOiTB pasAtJaJi nxi na ota^^ju m, ORponua 
KasAUtt CB. BOAOH), AaBaji bo^mi iioAflirb, ero cocTaBAnonpuTL, 
oxHo RaKoe hrSjab hma; TaRHirB oSpaaoM'B lucaqn hsu^hh- 
ROB'b cb eaMUMH pa3HOo6pa3HUHH HMBHaMH HrHOBCHHO o6pa* 
n^ajHCb BX xpncTiaHi, IlaBJOBi, neipoB'B, HBanoB'B h t. a- 

Mtl coHH^Hifl, qro npaaa, o6%ii](aHHiifl 6oepcTBy h 6tmLe 
cyROHHue RaoiaHU 6um AociaTO^HO noCyAHTejBHUH'B cpeA- 
CTBoiTL Kb RpeiqeHuo BcfbTb RjaccoB'b HapoAa; o conpoTHBje- 
HiH flBuqmsoBi, 3a ncRjuoqeiiieMi BpoiRHXi ci^TOBaflitt irtob- 
cRRxii senniHH'B, He ynoHHHaeTce , ho Tt jhtobipi , ROTopue 
yse EcnoB^jffiBhm npaBociaBie, ho laR'b oxotho HcnojHfljH 
npHRaBame flrejjia, h 6um Aante xaRie, ROTopue pj^niHTeibHO 
He XOT&JH eiiy noAqRHHTbca. Bi^pofliHO noAoSnoe ynopcrao 
npeAnoiarajiH BOBHosHuirb Ha BRjencROirB cefiMft h, o6cy- 
ARBi ero, npRHMH rl saRjooqemiO) qxo thrhxi, npoiRBflnpacH 
Bojrb cBoero rocyAapa, hosho npHHysA&Tb h «T%J[ecHiiMR Hy- 
qeHunra^; cejteb npHHflJTB ctoib dneprHqecRoe p^^menie no oifi- 
AyionpiM'b cooDpaaenifl VL : teciHnpesAO nonyn^emeirb SoadHirb, 

rOBOpHTCfl Bl CettNOBOMl OOCTaHOBJeHiH, 31Ue HMi^JH B08M0S- 

HOCTb npHHysA&i^ ko sjy AoOpmii, t^^hi Sojri^e lenepb ao6- 
pue MoryTL n ao^ukbu CRJiOHflTb ri Ao6py sjuxi*. IIpR ne- 
coHHi^HHOCTH THROFo p'bmeHifl , cTpaHHO Suio 6u OTBepraTb 
CBRA'bTejUiCTBO li^TOHHCi^a HyqeHRqecRoft cMeprn AByxi dnaT- 
Huxx JuiTOBi^eB'B, HCHOBi^AKiBaBmHxi npaBOCjaaie h ho xot^b- 

niHX'B npHHHMaTB tjiaTHHCRyio Bi^py», Rl ROTOpoft npHHeBOlR- 

Ban Hxi flrejuo; TaRRM'B oSpaBom BBeAenie RaT0JHq;H3Ha bi 
SsTBb He o(omiocB 6e3'B HyqeHHROB'L npaaociaBifl ^^\ IIoAoSaEie 



- 186 — 

npHMibpu flCHO yRaauBaj[H Ha Banmoe sHaqeaie 3Toi pejnniH 
H noTOHy HeofixoAHMO 6iuo orpaxniB HacasA&eMoe RaTOJorae- 
CTBO OTL efl Bpeparo BJdflHifl; corjiacHO cb dTUMi bi Hepasi. 
yse ynoMHHyiOM'b AORyMeHT^ qHraeMi* : cBce, Moryqee nonpe- 
AHTB pacnpocTpaHemK) BaTOJimecfiofi B'bpu, cypoBo sanpen^aeMi; 
3anpeii](aH)TCfl SpaKH cb pycnHaMH h pycHHsaMH ^o npEHfliui 
noc.i'bAHHMH RaT0JHi^H3Ma, ecjiH me lasoBue 6yAyTi> aauroqe- 
HU, TO pasBOAHTb Hxi He cjitAyeiB, HO cynpyn hih cynpyra 

rpe^eCROfi Bi^pU AO^HEHU npHHflXb RaT0J[HI^H3M'L». 6l» dTOHl 

cjyqai^ BHjeHCKifi cettMi n flreuo tojibro noBTopflj[ii aanpe- 
qeflie CpanoBi MesAy RaTojnnsaHH h pyccRiMH, HSAaflHoe eme 
Bi 1231 roAy Bi Syut nanu rpnropifl IX, rj^ noSyatAC- 
HieM'b Rx dTOHy danpeqeHiio BUCTaBjaercH to oCcToaxejiLCTBo, 
^To pyccRie, seHHCb na RaTOJinqRaxi , oSpaqaiorL Hxi vh 
npaBocjiaBie '^^. 

^ECJLo oRpeqeHHUXB JiHTOBi^eB'B npocTHpaiocb, no cbhaI^* 
TOiBGTBy GTputtROBCRaro , AO 30,000 qeiOB'bR'L; 9T0 cbhaI^- 
toactbo noATBepsAseTCfl cJioaaHH RapAHHajia lOjaana, ROTopuft 
BO BpoHfl TopsecTBOHHaro 6orocj[yseHifl sa ynoRott flreua, bb 
Basejii^, npociaajflfl dacjryrH ero uiepRBH, roBopHjfb, ^to co 
BpeHOHH ero oSpaqenia Sojii^e 30,000 fl3U<iHnR0B'B npocBi^TH- 
ji[HCb cb'6tom'b xpHCTiancTBa ^^^ npH6aBRa €6ojrbe» naxoABTK 
ce6% oOiflCHOHie vb cjioaaxB GTpufiROBCRaro me, noroMy qro bb 
o3Ha?eHHyio i^H^py'oH'B ne BRJHO^aeTB tbvb^ ROTopue RpecxHjrHCb 
Bi RpaROB'6 H Bi BHJ[bHl&, BO BpeMfl GuBHiaro TaMi ceftHa. 

Ha Ml^cTt SuBmeii cbhtijhh HepRyna, fa^ nenh h HOMb, 
He yracBfl , roptjrb CBfln^eHHutt 3HHq'b , p'bniHm BOSABHrHyTb 
RaeeApajbuufi coSop'B h Jt^oSporocTB, enHCRon'b nodHancRift Sun 
oTHpaBjieHB RB mut ypGany VI, qToSi HcnpocHTb ero paspt 
moHie H BicbcTt <x)o6qHTb eMy o coBepmHBmeMCH oOpaniieHiH 
JIhtbu. Ewifi paHi^e, TOTuacb nocjit CBoero Rpeqenifl, oxnpaBHji 
ipB HeMy Hrejijo RanoHHRa HnRoiaa TponSRy, qToOi HSB^cTHib 



— 187 — 

ero npHHflTiH hmi» Baiojiiii^Ma n oapoBeprHyxb it RjeseTiii, 
ROTopufl pacnycsaiH, aa stoti cqeii, pui^apH H'bMeivaro op- 
j^eaa. Ho aeBdBicTHUH'L no6ysA6HifiMi nocoj'L sa^xajrb b'b 
Biey H^ B'L pasroBopft ci fiubre jbHOMi , npoAJioiRHii npn- 
BesTH eHy h3i> PHMa paspj^nieaie 6pasa ero cb Snwroi. dTo 
npepoHeme o^ohb paacepAHjo BHureuHa, OKOH^aTejibHuft pas- 
BOAi* ero cb flABaroK) JiHmaji'b ero bc^x'l npaai na noumy, 
OTL fiOTopyxx OH'B HRROFAa HC OTKaBUBajicfi H iRejafl flaEasaiB 
EaaoHHEa sa ero HeyM'6cTHyH) ycjyasiHBocTb , OH'b npHBaaaji'b 
nocaxHTb ero bi> sauBD^eaie, rAt npoAepsajni ^eiupe roAa^^'^ 
TaRHiTb oSpaBOMi, nana ne hmj^jtb eqe HEaaRoro yB'^AOMienia 
OTL caMoro flrejjia h T^wb npiaiHi^e Gujo eMy nocoucTBo 
]^o6porocTa; 6yuoH) orb 11 napra 1388 roAa Bupaanjn OH'b 
CBOM) paAOCTb no noBOAy ofipaqeHia Jhtbli, bi Apyrott Syjjit 
orb 7 anpi^ifl, OH'b no3Apafijifljrb flreua, xpHCTiaHHHa h ro- 
pojifl noj[bGRaro, ct> t'^mi, ^jto owl paaom nojy^iHJi'b jifi/b ro- 
poHu, BpeMeHHyio h BtuHyio. AoBOJbHo npoAOJSHTejibHoe ope- 
5uBaHie Jl^oSporocia bi Phm'6 6uj[o npHWHOio, nro OROHqenHutt 
nocipoflEOH) co6opi> 6}Wb ocBfln^eax ao ero np^BAa apxienn- 
CBonoMii BoA3aHTOH)[, BO HMfl upecB. TpoH^bI, npeqncTofi J[tBU 
MapiH, GB. MyqeHHRa GaflTocjiaBa h BjaARCJiaBa ncnoB'^AHHRa^^^; 
KpoMib aero 6uj[n nocipoenbi npHXOACRia i^epRBH B'b Bhuro- 
HHpib, MeftmaroJi'&, MMenqnHax'b) H%AHRfi^> Epea^, Bojuqax'b h 
FafiH'b. Bet OH'b Sujih 6oraTO OAapeHU CBflqeHHUHH cocyAana 
n OAesAaMH, Roiopue iiosepiBOBajia SjiaroqecTaaafl Ropojeaa 
flABHra Gx eqe 6ojbmeH) qeApocTbH) Gujo OAapeno Ayxoaen- 
CTBo 6oraTUMH nM'bHiflHH H pasHUMH nouiJiiiHaHH H HaioraHH, 
npa qoHi ace ero HMyqecTBO, no cjoaaMii flreua, ocbo6os- 

AaJOCb 0T1> BGHRHX'b TflrOCiefi, TaR'b qXO, KaRl> rOBOpHT'b OH'b 

fib rpaMOTt, cHH HaMi> eaHHM'b, hh noTOMRaMi Haimufb ae 
OGTaajfleMb hba'b hrhii HHRaaoro npaaa^^^'^. 

IIoGit nocipofiRH i^epRBefi caHUMb cepbesHuifb h ipyA- 



- 188 - 

raon A^iovB 6uio y^pesA^me iepapxii m saiiftiqeHie paajun- 
ram AyxoBHUXi AOJuraociett iiOAbHH, AOCTotomiH cBoero SBa 
Hifl; nana yp6aH% Yl vh 6jJuA on 12 Maa 1388, Bpyqen- 
nott jI^ofiporocTy, ymeppjii BRjencBoe enHCRoncreo h oSosna- 
mn qHcio ciysan^i Kh mwb EanoHHKOB'B h npeiaTOBii^^^; 
Soibmaa ^acrb hx'b Suja npHsaana hs'b MaaoBiH, IIoSHaHH h 
BoremH, n, RaR'b saaeTCfl, BuSopi 6iwb yAa^en'b, no Rpafineit 
H%p% Ha6jiioAaTeju»Huit RnSyprb, 6uBniifl vh BemleA toabo 
9 jAvb cnycTfl, nocjft ea Rpen^enifl, roBopnTb o hhxii : «nysH0 
OTxaTB HMi cnpasexJUBOCTB , ace 9to jdoah yieraie h npa- 
Bepott shbhh; ropAOCTB, tbri CBO&CTBeHnaa, bi H%ROTopux^ 
■tcTaii AyxoBencTBy h RopucTb, qacio ounraaioqaa jiRRBoe 
HOHamecTBO, aaai Raserca, ritb ^sau, rohowo, noroHy mo 
BuSop'b EX'B ocHoaaRi He na jiacRaieACTBi^ r npRABopnuxi 
RHTpRrax'B, a na coaHaHlR hooSxoarmoctr AoSpuxi A'b^iai^^A 

Kb BTOWb HOBOM'b BOpTOrpaA^ rOCROAHeM'B. Bcb OHR Hi^Mipi RJH 

nojiflRi^ BiaAi&B)Ti m^cthiiIM'l hsiirohi r snaiorb jijvb napo 
Aa»* flo Bume rxi E&bTb craBHT'B BRSyprB enacRona BRjieH- 
CRaro, wb cam Roxoparo 6ujrb nocBan](eHi, no xoAaiaicTBy 
flreua, Hsai^cTHufi yse ervl AnApett BacHUO '^^ : «9To cra- 
pei^i npeapacHott HapysHOCTR», roBopRii RR6yprb, padCRaBUBaa 
nocbqeHiH enncRona uenaMR nocoucTaa, <6oApiiitt) pyvaaHfi, 
BUcoRaro pocia a noiauft, roaopRi'L 6'6rjio no jaxRHt h, ft^n 
RHOCTpaai^a, aobojuho xopomo no ntoeipER ; owb npHHaii naci 
cb TdRHMb Bejra^ioH'B, B^sjDiBOCTbH) R Sjaro^eciieM'B, qro ru 
AyiiajH, qio aaxoARHca npoA^ iHi^eMi caMoro nanu. Oai 
RHftoTi uecpaBHeHHo 6oJU»mee sHa^eHie, ^iwb eoHCRtnu HaniH 
RjR repMaiicRie. Paaroaopi men HCRna^RTeiBHo o npeAMoraxi 
pejEHrioaraix'b ; enHCRoni» yai^pan nacB, qxo JlRTBa oiJiRqaeTCfl 
ocoSeHHmrB ycepAieM'b r% xpRCTiancTBy h anoiat noRopaa Be- 
Amwb anocToucRott ctoiri^u. Oh'b ulkJoA B^wb npomn 
M68Ay JUiTOBi^aMR R xopomo BBaoTB dTOTi HapoAi», lerRo no;i- 



- 189 — 

xaDiipilcfl npHMftpaM'L , noAaBaexmrb orb BepxoBHolt BiacTH ; 
oTBpoBeHHo BucBaaan h to, ^to JHTBa, octbbbbi HsuqecTBO, 
KOTopoe 611IJ10 ocflOBaflien ea BapoABOCTH, BaxoAHTca Ha nyxH 
Kh HdiAHeBiH) CBoett i^HJBsai^H wb sanaAHoeBpone&CByio, npn 
^eirb BupasHjr'B HaxesAT, mio btotl nyrb ae Cyxei'L pa Hea 
CTOA TepHHcrmfb, bbbi hm npyccoBi*. SH6yprB, Boae^ao, 

nOBajTB H BHCBOUBO BC 0CB0p6BICa dTBH'L BpOTBBM'b ynpeBOHl 

Bcett AJ^axeiBaocTB aftMeipEaro opAeaa wb IIpycciH, owb ho no- 
Mtmai'B eMy saaoaqHTb otsi^b'b enacBoni: «npiflTflufi b 
BpacHopi^qflButt ciapei^'L o^apoBan aaci CBoa^b npieMovi*. 
Hasaa^eHieM'L cbobh'b AaApeft BocnoASOBaica , moSu nonpa- 
BBTb HeyAaqy, BOTopyD obi noTepn^^, aBBBnmcb wb JLsltbj 
BpocTEorL HBCcioBepom. OiJH^Boe SBaaie jHTOBcaaro aduaa b 
BpaBOBi» aapoAB HBoro noMoraio OHy Kb ero ycajriaxi, a aa- 
BtqaTejbflufi jwb, wb coepHeaifl ci npeapacBmrL) apoTBBirb 
xapaBTepoiTB , npBBjeBaBmBHi bi BCHy cepwa naciBU, yaa- 
3UBajrb eHy Bi^paua cpeffCTaa Kb AOCTBsefliH) i^toi. Saaa, qio 
BHterb utm cb noiYfjaaan aapoAoiTB, obi tbbi ycTpasBajTB 
SorociysoBie, qioSu A^ftcTBOBaxb, riaBBUN'B o6pa80H'L, hb ero 
qyBCTBB , BOTopufl Fopasffo jEBne H cBopibe nopasaioToa Ben- 

ROjAnHOH) BB'bfllBOCTBID, BeseJifl yM'B — BUCOBBITB CMUCJIOirB 

eBaHreucBBX'b bctbb'b. BaOypr'L, SuBaamitt bo naorBX'B cipa- 
aaxx Eaponu, qyaciBOBajTB oco6eBHoe GjaroroBfiaie b'l BBjiea- 
CROM'B BaeeApaABOMi coCopi, Boropuft oai nocbiai'L, 23-ro 
iiDBa, BO BpeMB aeqepaaro Sorociyseflia. «3j[aBie BaeeApu, ro- 
parib OHx, nopasaerb cbooh) rpoMBABOCTbio, oho npeAGTaBJuerb 
npoAOjroBaiiitt qexupexyFouBBB'b, aiiCTpoeBButt bsx Bapnaqa 
H 6oiie noxooift aa BeCoumoe yap^njieHie, q^Hi aa i^epaoBb. 
Qwb BoapHTByrb aa MficTt ApeBflaro astiqecBaro xpana , bo- 
Toparo c^EU ocTaucb BeTpoayTmni, 3a ncBJDoqeaieM'b nepeA- 
Heft, yBpameflBott b'l cospeNeaBOHX Bayct; BayTpeaBocTb a 
racjio oBoai, bohcwo, Bsntaeau. OrpoMaaa apuma, oTBi^^aah 



-- 190 - 

d^aH cJiHinKoirb Oojibmofl niHpHH^ 3AaHifl , omTpaeTCfl Ha pfl^ 
imiflCTpoB'B ; no yrjiaHi en qeTupe 6ameHRH, no pi^ cb sas- 
Aaro 6oEa n en^e Tpn Apyrifl na pe6p% Bpumn, laRi tto o^Ha 
lipHXOAHTCfl na BepmHH'& jmi^esofi cTopoHU, Apyraa na saAnei; 
a TpeTba wb caMoS cpeAnnt (Epuinn). Jm^eeafl cTopona Bi 
Bepinetl qacTH SAaniB TpexyrojbHaa n Emivi^ ne yKpamena, 
RpoMi^ OROHi, Bi ROTopux'B BHCflTL HeSojibuiie ROJiOKOJia. BnyTpn 
Tpn pBA^ TOJiCTUXi nHjHCTpoBi fR^jf/bMioTb co6opi na ^erupe 
npextja; rjiaaHuS ajiapb CTonTi> na h'6ct% CTOJb qTHHaro 
flduwHRaHH, HeyracaBmaro orna, RpoMi^ Toro mhofo ajrrapefi 
Vb riy6HHt npej^jOBi n orojo nnjacTpoBi; omi yBpameau 
iiHosecTBOMi> nesaMlbTOTejiBHBix'L ^ BnpoqeiTb , opHaMeHTOBii ; 
OTA'bJUiHUfl J ORpyseHHUH pimeTRaMH Mtcxa ^ qxo-TO b'l po^'b 
RaniHi^ii, TBRse noRasajiHCb eaiHi ho ocoSenno nsflniHiiMH, 3a 
TO noBciOAy CBepRaiorL SjiecROHi Aopornx'b meTaMOBx RanAe- 
ifl6pLi H APyrie cbI^tbahhrh, CTOfnpie n BHCfl^ie; ntROTopue 
o6pa3a Soraio yRpameHU n caRpHCTia AOBOJbHO npocTpanHaa. 
CyHpaRi> , rocnoACTByfon^ft wh aioS CBflTUH'6 , nponsBen aa 
Haci> RBRoe-TO MOiaHxojiimecRoe aneqaTJri^Hie , ^eHy mhofo co- 
AbftcTBOBajTb OAHOo6pa3Hbrfi nani^B^ xopHCTOBi^ noBTopflBmnxi 
ncaiMu Bi rjiySHHi^ oahofo b3i> npeAi^JiOBi ; BApyrb ntaie 
npeRpaTHJocb h b% rohhc^ npaaaro npeA'bJia noRasajocb 6ih- 
CTBTejibHoe ocB'^qoHie ; to 6um cwb^E^ saftseHHUH na ajrrapt 
loanaa RpecTHTOJifl, orojoeo ROToparo ciojniBJca HapoAi>, npesA^? 
He CMOTpff Ha CBOH) HHoro^HCJieHHOCTb , noMTH HC?e3aBmift Kh 
rpoMaAHOBTb BAaniH. CRopo ycjiMmajH Mb! cBBntesHHRa ntBmaro 
BeiepHH), ero ch^hhji^ o^enb rapMOHnqecRifi xopi>, ROTopufi^ vh 
CBOio o^epeAb, Guji'b BarjymeH'b My3b[Rofi, sarpeMtBmefi na 
BopxHeit rajiepe'b. Tpy6bi^ ro6oH, SySnu^ orpoMBue rotjhj u3- 
ABBBJiH CTOJib Moryqie 3ByRH^ ^T0 RaBajiHCb 6ojrte BoeHHOH), 
niwb i^epROBHOH) MysuRoil, ho bi bthxti SByRaxi) Ohtjio CTOJbRo 

tapMOHJH H HySUKaJbHOCTU, OHH CTHXaJH TBRl HOCTeneHHO H HtSBO 



R) HaKofieip»^ Hc^eajm vb laioMi npeKpacHOMi), MysecTfieHHoirb 
wbOM: « Gloria Patri et Filio et caet^, ^ito mu 6um nopaneHu 
Bi Bucmett cieneHH. Raserca, ^to stoti cnocoSi oinpasjieHiii 
SorocjyseHifl iipH Taiott dBywott MydiiHfi a OTJiaqaoMi n^^Hia, 
ecTb cajfuit jy^udft nu aapoAa, KOToputt, aeAaBBo ocraBRBi* 
aauqecTBO, Tpe6yeTi cbjbhux'b BefiiUHHX'B Bae^aiJitHiit, ^to6h 
BoojHl npoHflsayTbCfl fijaroroB^HieMi vh 6ory acTHBHOMy. Qpa 
upoHSHeceaiH cioBi: « Gloria Patri » flapoAi> oaAaii aa sohjio, 
qxo CA&iaiH a hu, aaai 5u yCtsA^aaue b'b npacyTCXBiH 
npecB. Tpoapi*. fipoMft siott xopsecTBeaflocTB Sorociyseaia, 
BOTopaa CHABO nopasaja aapoA'B a npaajeRaia ero Kb aoBott 
pejfflria, enacKoa'b x'^ttcTBoaajDrB aa aero nyTOiTL oSpasoBaflia. 
j^o cBxi» nopi JHTOBipi nojiyqaja oSpaaoaaaie no^in bcrjuo- 
qareibao B'B ropoAaxi iBTOBCBoft Pyca, Tjf/b npa MoaacTupaxii 
Guju miojra, cnocofiaua aayqaib ^xeaiio a nacBHy a oiqacTH 
paayMtaia) CBaqeaaaro nacaflia; touko Beimorie, npepasaa- 
qaeime fl,M paioiiaTHqecEott cjysOu, yqaaacB bb Par% at- 
leipsoiiy asuay. ?to6u oporaByAMcTBoaaTB BJiaaiK) pyccaaxi 
iflKoxb , enacEOiTb ocBoaajTb y^ajtan^e npa aaeeffpaJiBROirfc co- 
Copt, B'B EOTopoifB y^Rja «paBI^ICKaae a r^ckojibko maoxB 
BB paaaux'B if&CTaxB CBoett enapxia. Kb cosaj^aiH) mu ae 
BMfteM'B aaaaaaxB cBfbA^aifi o A^aiejiBflocTB Bxaxii yqpesAO- 
flift, BO corjiacHH cb BafiyproMB, aoxopBift roaopaxB , tto xa- 
pasrep^ enacaoua a ciporitt BuSopB CBaa^eaaaROBB noaaojiaja 
xyxoaeaeTBy cauao bjubtb aa apaBCTBeBBoe oSpasoBaaie hobo- 
o6pa]iteBHB[X'B, <xoTa, apa6aBJiaeTB BaCyprB^ eiiy aysao pa6o- 
TaxB emfi cjiamaoMB mhofo a AOJro, ^1o6h^ yciri^TB aa npo- 
CTpaacTBt Bcefi CTpaau*. MesAy GoapaHa jiaTOBcaaHa yse Ba- 
OyproMi 3aMl^qeaB oGuqafl nocujiaTB cbohx'b a^toS yqaiBca 
BB BpaaoBi a aa rpaaai^y^ laaaMB oCpasouB, xopomo opra- 
HHaoBaaaaa aaTOjaqecBaa iepapxia, ea yH'bHBe A^^cTBOBaTB aa 
aapoAi* H OTapBiamaaca bo3hoshoctb noJiy^axB oOpasoaaale bi^ 



— 192 — 

RpaROBi H 3a rpaHHii[6Ji HaqaiH lorb nopAAOKi Bereft, koto- 
puji JiHTBy, no^TH o6pycteinyK>, noummim OoAmt h coBep- 
ineHHo onojfl^HJTb efl Bucmie Kjaccu ^^l 

iSreuo, copaBeAJUiBo HadUBaeHutt anocxoiOHi JbiTBu, nt- 
Jiuil roAi> TpyABBOiificfl flaAi ea oSpamieHieirb , cam ispfamA 
no pa3iHqHUHi» ii'6cthoct8Mi> h uoyqaBmitt eapoAi , CA^Jiaicfl^ 
Ras'B roBoparb noncKifl jAtobich, peBHOCTHUMii xpHcriafiiHon 
H^ Bi> xeiieHie Bcefi shsuh, yABBjaji'L Sjaroqeciieii'b h cTponm 
HcnoJHeHieiTb i^epKOBflux'b yciaaoBi. C'b opott cxopoBu Bjaa- 
Hie Ha6o8Hofi flxBHrH, ci> ApyroS— seiaflie CHHCKaxb cjasy 
S^aro^ecTHBaro rocyAapa h npio6pftCTb, ^pes^B to, yaaseHie nanu 
H Bcero sanaAB, oco6eHflo B036ysAajiH ero pemrioaBocTb* IIo- 
CTOflHHiia U6B6TU opAeHB, o6BHHaBmaro ero bi> cuohhocth si 
flsuqecTBy H Bi cjia6ocTH ero xpHCTiaHCSHK'B ySibsAeHiit, jifioi' 
HU 6hLm pad6HTBca o MHoroucjieHHUfl AOKasaTejbCiBa ero 
ooGTOflHHaro SjiaroqecTifl h oco6eHHott n^cApocTH ero si at^o- 
seHCTBy. Owb roB&ii qeiupe pasa Kb roAi» npi ishbhh Hksne 
H ABa pasa nocit ea CMepTH, sasAIH) iiflTHiiiiiy nocxHica lasi 
cxporo , qio l^n touro xjMi h awb boay. Bi npasAHssi 
nacxH saiKAOMy HHqeiiy, soiopiix'L maosecTBO coSspajiocb Kb ne- 
ny, ABBBJi no niHposoHy rpomy opascsoHy^^ a bi Beusyi) 
nsTHHity co6cTBeHHUi[H pysBMH yioiBajTb Hori 12 hbi hhii 
H saisAOHy ABBajii no 12 rpomeit, no mxyEib cysna h noior- 
Ha. MojuiJicfl BcerAB Ha soifiHax'b, qacio nociqajTB Monacrupb 
CB. specTa H He HHa^e, sasi ntmsoirb BsGHpaica na joicyv 
ropy; wb sasAott i^epsBH, Brb soxopys) bbxoahjtb noHOJOTbca, 
ocTaBUJTb no OAHOttMapsib; nasonei^'B, omqaica ocoSeHmnrB 
yBasemeiTL s'b AyxoBoncTBy h xepni^iHBO cnocHn ero, qacTo 
owHb ptssie^ ynpesn. Bi nocj'bACTBiH yaHAHM'B^ vro npeiHy 
qecTBeHHO SSHrnte'L OJiecHH^Bi& nosBOian ce61^, ornocHrejUiHo 
ero, ocoSoHHyio A^P^ocxb h rpy6ocxb, no bi axom ciy^at 
xepn^Hie flreijia oObflCHflexoa ho 6j[aroqecTHBiui:b cimpeHieirb: 



-- 193 ^ 

36HFHiBi, enHCRarfi spasoBciiiii h noTom RapxHnaji'b, 6!ui ^^ 
jofitRii CTOjb TBepAaro h dHcpniMecRaro xapaxrepa^ 9To hc 
ciaSoity flreuy 6ujo yAopisaTb ero bi> rpafluitax'b npHJiunia, 
uHb BBHiTi Bopoja BB CBOK) OBeRy H HHOfAa TaRii A^psRO no- 
pHitajTK ero, yio 3a6uBaj'b a^»6 yBaveBie, ROTopuM^ noAAaB- 
HuJi o6HadB^ rocyAapio. BoofiBiie BpBBeAeHHbifi CBBA'&iejibCTBa^®* 
gjarowcTiH flrojjia ByaRuo npHRHHaib cb 6ojibiuoH) ocxo- 
posHOCTbK), xaRT> EBK^ wb caMOHi> ero xapaRxepft ae aaM^TRO 
HR^ero npoqflaro h onpextJieBBaro, nirb rh oaboH qepm, no- 
cTograo ero OTJRuaiuB^efi. HecoMfltBRO, no ob'b ciapajicfl bu- 

nOJBBTb BCt TpeSOBBHiR BOBOll paJHriH^ BO T&Re BCTO\IRRRR 

roBopflTb, 9T0 OBI p^AKO GuBajn Ba yTpeBBeHi SorocjiyseBiH, 
noTOMy qxo^ ofiuRBOBeHBo, npocbmaji ero; BeeoNBi^flBO h to, 
qm.oB'b no^TBiejibiio oiBOCHJicfl Rb AyioBeaciBy, bo npHBuqRa 
Kb fficwnmuY, BRopeBUBHiaBCfl eo^e bi to BpeiiR, RorAa obi 

6uj'b JIBTOBGRHSTb RRflaeHX, BpOrJUAUBaeTli B Bl dTBX'b OTBO* 

niefliBxii, TaRT> uepaue Biani flrejua rb aenife BejBROBOjibCROJi, 
fiujiH 03Baii6B0BaBu flapymeBieM'b Bpaaii i^epRBH^ rpaOesem 
AepeBeBb rBibafleBCRoit RanHTy«iiiii. SaMtqeHie eBRCRoncRBX'b bb- 
eeApi* Be pa3i> iiOAaBa.io boboak Ri* A^ciiOTBqecRoHy ofipaay 

A'bftCTBlft ROpOJIH 0TB0€BTejlbB0 AyXOBeBOIBB : 06llRB0BeBfl0 eoH- 

cROflOBi Bdtapau RBBBTyjiiii H yTBopsAaJUi Banu^ xotb bo- 
cjitAfiie B coxpaBflu aa co6oio Bpaao aaaflaqaTb BX'b homhho 
H36paBiB; B'b 1392 r. 9 bo Bpocb61^ Areua, bbbb BoBR<»a]pfi IX 
RaBBaqHJTb eBRCRonou'b RpaROBCsBHi^ Ilexpa BuBia PaAOMBB* 
CRaro, Bi» 1412 r. Ropoab^ BeAoaouBuit BumeH'b, oSpaxBicB 
Ki coMBHTejbBONy UBJit loBBBy XXIII, Bpocfl ero BepoBecTB Buflia 
Bi» noaBBBb, a Ba ero m^cto - enROROBa fl03BaBCRaro BottAftxa 
flcTsenfiAa. HpoAJioroMi BUCTaBJRJi'b flreuo pascTpoftcTBo yn- 
CTBeBBUX'b CBOco6flocTeit Buflia, ROTopoe, robovbo, a^^R^o ero 

CT0.1b BSe BerOAHblM'b a,An ennOROBiB BOBBBRCROtt , CROJIbRO B 

AIR RpaiOBCKofi. PesyTaivifl flcT»eM6i](a, AyvRBmaro touro o 

18 



^ 194 -" 

coScTBeHHOiTb ofioraqeHiH, h6 ocTaHaBJOiBaia lopou m Korxa 
xoAaxattcTfio ero ae dujo ysaseHO, owh chjioio auraajTb BMUia 
H8'i> Kpaaofia h nepeBOjrB aa ero MftcTo flcTseii5ita. HoxoGfloe 
aacHjie BoaSyAHJio BHHMaaie EOHCTaHi<CKaro co6opa a flciseji 
66i^'L, coyqacTHHfiii npeciyojieBifl opoTHB'B i^epioBearo npaaa, 
Ouji noTpe5oBafl7i aa cyA'B coSopHUxi otbiobii; wb Tose Bpeiu 
Buoii, sAopoBbe ROToparo a&bbo ys'b Gujo pascipoeflo, cran 
QucTpo upaGjuusaTbCfl Kb CHepra a flrejjo, noqyBCTBoaaBi 
yrpuseaie coBl^CTa, aa aojii^BflX'b yMOJUUi'B ero o npoa^aaiH, ao, 
pacaaaBaacb apeAi* BumeHi^ owb npoAOisaj'b ooAA^psHBaTb 
flcTseaOiiia , BuropoAaj'B ero aa coOopib a, nocToaaao noapo* 
BBTejbCTBya eiiy, Aocraaajb eMy aaodJil^ACTBia caa'L raftaaea- 
caaro apxienacaona. Ho CHepTH Buaia, sejiaa aaA^^Tb emcaonon 
noBHaacRairb AaApea Jlacaapa as'b Tociaaai^'b, oai, oahbi>, 6e3i 
CBBTU, npii^xan bi> dactAaaie aamrryju a cb oSaaseaaoi ro- 
jroBott, yaH»eaH0 npocaji* npejaxoai o6'b ero HsSpaaiH* npe- 
laTU caaqajia OTaasuaajuicb , ao dotohi acnojauH aopoieB- 
caya) npocb6y^ wh 1426 r. Tase aaiuiTyjia (hm npaaeAeaa 
ail ysacb yrposaHH Areua a noAi ax'b BJuaHieMi aaSpajia 
ero aaaAaAaxa CraaHCiaaa I^oua ^^^. 

HoAoSaaa necipoTa a npoTaaypi^qia Kb A^arenaocra 
flreua OTBocaie^ao Ay^oBeaoTaa aecbaa ocia6jai)T'b imi^Bie 
ero BcapeaaeH'b 6iaroqecTia a codaarejibBoirb acnoiaeaia 
apeAaacaaitt i^epaaa; cyeaipie, npaaacuaaeHoe eiiy Bcftaa 
BCTOwaaaMa , sejaaie CTaaarb cwbm^ a Bory a qopry '^^ a 
npaaeAeaflHe npairbpu aacTaBJanrb aacx bba^tb wb aeai qe- 
lOBJ^aa, aoTopuit 6hm peurioBauMi mb noOysAeaift qacro 
noiBTaqecaax^ a aoioparo pejianoaaocib , no aroiiy caMoay^ 
6uja qacTO aa'bniaeH) a orpaaaqaaajiacB nociaini, aojrb&onpe- 
Eioaeaiflaa, MEJiocTuaeH) a CTpoeaieai otepaaeft; rbwb He Meai^ 
oaa GiiiJia aucoao i^'baaaa nanaaa, asi aoiopuxi Hapraai Y no- 
sajfoaan eHy jsftme saaaie reaepa aaaro aaaapia paiicaoft i^epaaa. 



rjIABA vt 



IIoioaHBi Haiajio oSpauqeiHio Jmtbu bi phmckiI khtoji- 
via^wh ^ Arejuo fflMmeu'h 6iui> noAjMaTb o6^ ycTpottcrs'b en 
ynpa&ieHiH, Tan mkl cawb^ Kaa'b aopou noiBCKitt, ofia- 
saHHuS sflTb B'B KpasoBib , ne Hon aenoopexcTBeHHo ynpaB- 
jflTb eio. Owh coexHHHJi CBoe JoiTOBCRopyecKoe rocyxapcTBO 
ch UoMbmen H noxTBepxHjn bto coeAHHeme TopsecTBeHBOio 
npHCHTOio npoM3HeceHHO» npeAi» ROpoeaipeft ^^^; ero Spaibe, 
XOBoibOTByacb cbohmh yx&jiaiQi, npHCHniyjDi bi b^^phocth eiiy, 
BopojieBfe flpiirfi*H lopoHt noj&CKOJt ^''; BMftcrt c^ iHTyjiOMi 
Kopoju nojbCKaro , owb EoeoA'b raiyji'L cLithuaniae princeps 
suprraitts et haeres Biusiae*, Gi%A<^BaTej[bHO JHTOBCKopyccioe 

I^<^yA&pCTBO CA'bJiaJIOGb Xenepb COfiCTBeHHOCTblO KOpOHU BOJb* 

CKott. PaacMBTpHBafl ero TavuMb oSpaaoMi^ naHu xojishu Siuh 
cTpeuTbCH aaxBaiHTb ero ynpaBjeme vh cboh pyim n Taiae 
xo^flftHH^aTb Bi JtaTBt, HBiTb xoBflftfliqajDi wb UojojbA; Vh 
aroin He MOfterb 6un m Hajftltmaro coMH^Hifl, xairb h wb 
Toirb, qTO flreJio se Cun wb coctobhui npoTHBHTbca ni se- 
JtafliflMi. Keaxy tAite aoctouctbo Benxaro RHflSfl moBCKaro 
H BjacTb HajTb Jhtboh) 6uih nepeAarai hhi CRHpreuy ; oqe- 
BHAHO oGcTOiTeibCTBa He 6iaronpieTOTBOBaiH bhabmi noJbciHX'b 
larnaTOBis b<> bi qeirb ohh aaBjnoqajHCb , mu ho BHaeMii, h 
noTOMy AOJUHbi orpanH^HTbCH oahbkh npexnojioseHifliui. IIo 

BCett BftpOflTHOOTH OE^ 0&bflCHflH)TCfl HaCTOflHiflHH JIHTOBCSHXl 

6oflpi», onpuTO BupasaBiDHXi cBoe Hexejianie coepHHibCH cb 
DojibioeB) H o6paTiTb CBoe oieqecTBo wb oojbCRyio IIpoBHHI^l>, 



— 196 — 

tiiH se cxe^emeH'B ^aMHAHUXi) OTHomeHift^ Koropun sacra- 
BHJiH flrejwa npeflnoqecTb po^^naro Spaia aaKOMy Ej/s^Yfk nojib- 
cKOMy Marnaxy, mm r^wh h ffpyrHMi BMtcTfe Hey;^OBOJbCTBie 
JHTOBCKHX'B 6oflpT> H onaccHie , qroSH nojERH ne BoaiHirfcjH 
Ba«Haro BJiiHHifl at JtarBt, na»»iTejibHo noATBepsAaiOTCfl 
GTpufiROBCBHH'L, KOTopufi, pa3CBa3UBafl HadHaqeHiH lyiquDTb 
cTapocToft nojiHRa, KpecjaBa m-h RyposBeHBi, npaHO roBopiirB, 
%T0 ArejMO CA'bJiaji'B 9T0 Hasiiaqenie npoTHB7> bojiii Soapii^ ee 
sejiaBniHX'B, qTo6H nojuiRfr saHniiajiH xoiSHOcra wb jrtobcko. 
pyccsoH'b rocyAapcTBt ^ '^. IIojrbii He npOTHBHiHCb naBHaqeHii) 
CraprejJia, h bto rtirL ypBHtejbHte , ^to iipeAJiaraR bo- 
poHy flrejijy, ohh oeofienHo cHibHO aacTaiiRajiii aa coexHHenie 
JIhtbu c^ noisnieio; orciOAa bhaho, qto noaoAtt vh TOMy 6iuh 
oco6eHHO CHibHU a aanau a vro xaioe H3ii1;H«Hie npesaaxi 
aairbpeaiit aa](aKOB^ Siijio pianrrejbao aeofixoAaio Axa Sjara 
o6oax'L aapoAOBii. Tbrhhi oSpasoiTL nepaoe coeAaaeaie Jtaxau 
<7B noAmeio , xaa'b cuasaxB fojocjiobho saRptoieaHoe oxhhmi 
ofrbqaaieHi flreua, ai caMOMi* se aauajrb caoero coaepmeaiii 
6ujH> oojiovHxeibBo yaa^xoseao; aejBBa 6uio caaBaxb, qxo 
ArejTJO cjiHii o6a rocyAapcxao b'b oxao tbio (lacorporaTit). 
ecjn oai> oxAaJii BejiHaoKaaseeKi8 , nxoBcaiM npecmji Gaap- 
rej[jiy m Ropoaoaaji'b ero cl co6jnoAeaiein» ac'bx'b xp^aaaxi 
oSuqaeBi. ^^^. npoGuai 6aji^eroAa b% Jlaxaft, fireudaoaapa* 
XHica B'B flojibmy ai 1388 r., ayAa EopojeBa Apara fkJLSM 
evofi ail 1387 r. BecbMa pasjaiqamiH nocjEtAcxaiaira oaaaHeao- 
aajiocb aoBBpaa^eaie aopoia a aopojieaiii : AABara apitxajra bi» 
RpaaoBi, oqeaHAao Aoaojbaaa oCpan^eaieirb Jhxbu ai xpacxi* 
aacxao, roxoaaa noMipaxbca ci cBoeio yqacxbio a xafl^e noi». 
6axb Myasa^ aoxopoMy auaaio aa aojoo cxoa aejoiKoe x^o. 
noaaMaa, qxo npaaa flrejia aa ffoncayB aopoay ocaoaaau 
xojibRo aa xoMi, qxo oa*b 6hm ea Myseirb, oaa aaSoxaTca o 
6oxbe npoqaoMx yxaepsAeaia ero aa apecrojift a, xoobo qro 



- 197 - 

BOSBpaTHBDIHCb, nHlUeTb pattl^aHl BpaR0BCEHII7> BHCbMO. Bl> RO- 

TopoiTL npocHTi HXT. npHSHaBBTb flreua RopojieMi , «a»e h 

Bh c^yqa'lk en CMepTH *". Gu coBepraenBo hbmmh qyBCTBaiwH 

BosBpaTHJicfl flreuo : ero noAoapHTejBBUtt e cjiaOutt xapaRiepi 

H, BH^eri^ cjiaSoe coo6paneBie BOsOynpu coMB'bRie bi> cy- 

npysecRoft b'^phocth fljiBHrR ; eHy Rasajocb BeBOSHosHUMb, 

B'bpoflTHo no co6cTBeHBOMy HpmApy , mto6h aeaa, homth ^*- 

juti TOf^b pasiyqeHHaH ci Myseirii^ ocraiacb eMy bI^pbor). 

FHtBonrb fl3i JlfiMBnu'hj no HenonfirnmrB no6ysA6BiflH%, oRjie- 

Berajib sopoioBy , oSbhhhb ee b^ cBomeBiHXi ch BHJbreib- 

MOMi, BOTopiill, SyxTo 6u, npi^BBajTb B'b RpaROBi, bi> oTcyT- 

CTBie Ropojfl. He yHtfon^ft Bja^'bTb coOoio h ne oi^inHBinitt 

en^e BUcoitnx'B Aofipo^ibTejeft seBbi, flreuo ReHexJienHO. ne 

padysHaBi HH^iero oScroRxejibHO , noBf^pnii RJieBort h p-bsRo 

oGBHHHjri flABHry bi BBHibHt. UoAo6floe oCBHnenie B'b rt spe- 

Mena Morjo noBjeqb sa co6oio yiRacnufl nocj^ACTBifl. ROTopbiH, 

BnpoqeiTb, BnojiB'& saBHCtJin orb xapaRTepa ocRopdJiennaro Myna: 

eqe iieAaBHo oxhhi hbi RHflaett HasoBoipEiiX'B , necnpoBPAJiBBo 

noflOBptoaa cboio seny bi neBtpHocrn^ npHRasajfi* yMepTBHTb ee 

6eBi Bcnaro cyAa h cilbxcTBifl, no coBpeMennnRi* flrejjia, CnrH3- 

NyH/TB. RopoA BenrepcRifl h HiinepaTopi, cnoRoftno nepenocnjTb 

Rpattne pasBpaTHoe noBexenie CBoeit aropott cynpyin Bapaapu, ot* 

^aoTH noTOMy, no h cbmii rp'bniHJTb noAoSHbiu'b oftpaaosrb Are jijio; 

no cBHAifiTejbCTBy ^jiqfToma^ ne oTiH^aJicfl Bi^pEOCTbio cbohbtb 

HBoroqHCJieHHUM'b senaN^, cjiiAOBaTejbHo, ne Horb 6biTb oco- 

6eHHo BSueRaTejibnHM'b, ecwOi h oh'& oSpaiun cBoe BHHM'aflie 

Ha xoro Hii6yAb Apyraro, no ero Soiribanennoe caM0JiK)6ie h ro- 

TOBHOCTb cjiynraTb RJieBerRHROBi Ao<iiKB^ ^^^^ ORon^aTe^no 

HonopTRTb nH»nb Aabhth^ h Oesi loro yse ne paAocTnyio. 

BoaftysxaeHuA TB'bBomeM'b, BopoJib AoaejTB cboh) seny ao tofo, 

nro oHa no^yacTBOBajia rii nemy oTBpaqeBie HnpeRpainjia cl 

HHHb BCflRiH cHomeniH. noaseprBOBaB'B Bctxi, ^to 6uio Aoporo 



— 198 — 

efl cepAuy, am HHTepecoB'b peuriH h HapoAa^ OHa Bunua aa 
nejiOBtea, KOToparo ae Moua hh JiioSHTb , hh yaasaTb h^ ko- 
neqHo^ BOSHeHSBHAl^Jia , Borxa ohi> oeKop6HJi> ee onpMTUirL 
oOBHHeHieM'L B'B OeaHpaBCTBeHHOMi nocTynBfi. Eh OTBpan^eHie 

6BIJI0 TQKb CHJbHO, ^TO HO yHtpflJOCb Jlfime peiHTiOdHOGTblO H 

RorAa Ay^^oBHufi oiei^i*, ea HcnoBtAH, yEopan ee sa noxoG- 
HUH oTHomeHifl Bi> Mysy , ona ci rHi^Bom npmaaaja eiy 
Hoj^aib ^^®. KopoHHue naeu, HcmyraHHue pasAopoMi KopojreB- 
GKoik qeiu, onacancL ofmckh h, Mosexi GuTb, pasBOAa, pt- 
muHCb CBomrL BMi^mieibCTBOirb hojioshtb Roeei^'B axofi ne- 
qajibBofi pacnpi^. Hxi CTapamflMH 6uia o6HapyseHa Kjeaera 
rHtBoma H y6'&sAeHHuft wb HeBHHHOcxH menu Areuo o6pa- 
THicfl Rx Hetti pacRanBaflCb bi CBoem jierROMUcjuH , ho Aa* 
BHra fle HHaqe corjiacHJacb npHMHpHTbCfl , KaR'b H3o6umiBii 
RjeBeTHHRa nepcA'b cyAOM'b h noABeprnyBX ero saoiyseHHONy 
HaRasaHiM). OoibByacb npaBOHi>, opHHaAJieiiaBiiuDrb KasAoH 
uiuxTflHRt) OHa nosBaia Fnl^Bouia ri cyAy sa ocRopSjieHie 
cBoett ^ecTH H BuGpaja cbohm'b noBi^peHHUH'b HamreuHa boM- 
HHiqsaro flccsa hbi Ten^HHa, Roxoputt ot^ oco6eHHOio paxocxbio 
npsHflJTb nopyqeme BoacxaHOBHXb yHHaReHHyio qecxb Ropoieeu. 
Bx Bicjonql^, Roxopaa 6ujia HaaHaqena MitoxoMi cyAe6iaixii 
aaci^AaHifl, co6pajiHCb ho xoaro cyAbH, ho aecb Aaop'b h 
no^XH BC% Marnaxu; bx xovhocxh coGjuoAaa Bce, qxo npeji- 

OHCUBajiOCb oOu^aflMH H SaROHOHl, HOBl^peHHUft RopoieBU 

opHBei'b ee ri npHcar^ h yOftAHBniHCb xbrhmii o6pa3eii'b bi 
efl HeBHHHocxH, rpoMRO 06'bflBHJi'b npeA'b cyAi>flHH, ^xo RopoiaBa 
cb cHHaro saRJiK^qeHiA 6paRa npeOuja B'^pHoio cbohmi cynpy- 
ttecRHM'b o6fl3aHHOcxflN'b H He ocRBepHHJia jioisa CBoero cynpyra. 
jI^^HBAi^axb BoopyseHHux'b maaxxipiefi noAA^psHBajui 9x0 o6i- 
flBaenie h roxoBU Cujui cb^opyaueMjb BucxyHHXb npoxHBi bca* 
Raro, Rxo 6bi ochj^hicr yxBepsAaxb npoxuBHoe, x. e. bu3u- 
BaiH Bctxi Ha cyA'b 5osiit. Ha npeAiosenie onpaBAaxbca, 



— 199 — 

MBom% OTBtuji MonaHiem h flBBUirE hme BCbn oMyqe- 
Hieui ; TorAa ohi 6ujii npHroBopefli Rii xoMy aaKadauiio, aa- 
Koe upeAOHcueaeri aaaoHi* aa ocKopftjeaie acefiCKoil qeorrn : ohi 
40J»eHii Ouji JitoTb noA^B jaaay u oTryxa rpouo CKasaTb^ 
MTo oHi cojirajn ^ Kaa'L neci h caoe noAoOie cb bthmi sii- 
BiiTHUM'b noATBepAHTb noApasaHieMi co6aqbeify ibsd ^^\ Taai 
04HGTiuacb iflABHra oTb HesacjiyiKeHHaro oftBHHemfl h, xairb ro- 
BopflTb HCTowiiini, npHMHpHjacb cb CBOHMi MyseMi, TdR'b qio 
jiajbHtfimafl SHSHb ea Teaja c^bctjdibo h cnoxoitHO ; mu caa- 
leai BftpH'be, mo oaa npaMMpuacb ci aeoCxoAHMocibK) HMtob 
Tafioro Mysa, ho HHiorAa yse se 6iiJia cqacuHBa nocjfb 
DToro cjyqaa, mu BHAHii'b bi aett ae SMCTaqyio apacaBHi^yi 
KOTopaa Taai aecejo xaaiioBaja ci BubreJibMOirb vb ^paai^H- 
GfaacBOM'b HoaacTupt) a yGaTyn ropein seantHHy, aoTopaa 
ycipaaaerca orb actxi yAOBOJbCTBil, aoiopaa oHAHT'b b b yrjy 

:^JDJ H TOJIbRO CMOipHTl HB TaHUU CBOHXl npHpOpHUXl, HO 

npaHHMaa bi hhu ywciia^ a aoropaa aaxoAHTb eAuacTBea- 
Hoe yrbmeHie B'b aoAaaraxi Ojiaro^ecTia a 6jiaroTBopHTeJb- 
Hocra. Paaaaa CMepTb caopo nojEoamaa aoaei^'b ea aeyAaBmettca 



HesAy 'tiwh BayTpeaaee cnoaottciBie JIhtbu, aoTopoe 
Areuo AyMajTB oOeraenrb, OTAaaaa npaBjieaie B'b pyaa Oaap- 
reju, HMeHHO xftaii caMbiMii 6imo noABeprayTO aasHoft onac- 
flocTa. Kaai BcerAa 6uBajio vb pacnopaseaiax'b HrejiJia, owh 
He CByH&i'b AOcraTOTOo oi^'baaTb xapaaxepa cBoero dpaxa a 
BOBce H6 BBHtTaji, ^To OHi HecnocoOeHi 6biTb rjaBOK) JIutbu, 
oco6f»HHO wh TO cMyTHoe BpeMa. PyaoBOACiByacb poACTaeaauM-b 
lyBCTBOHii a 6jiaroAapH0CTbH) aa ycjiyra, jihtoo eMy oaaaaa- 
HHa, oHi CAtJaJi Caaprejura aejaaaMi aaaaeii'b JIbtbh, ne 
cooOpasHBi, qxo aoBuft, cme TOJibRo BBOAaMuft b^ aefl nopa- 
nowb aea^ett ipeSyeri 6oJte raapoaaro cooSpaKeaia a 6oji4e 
TBepAaro xapaaiepa, ^im^ t6, aasaira oiJiaqajca asOpaaabift 



— 200 - 

nwh dpaiii. Tan^ rfft Tpe6oBajiacb HeyTONHHair AftflTejBHOcn 
H FA'b HyasHO fiujio A^ftcTBoaaTb nyieifB HpaBOTBeHHaro y5ts- 
AeHifl H BJdflHifi^ CfiHpreuo ynorpeOjiflj'b tojibko cpeACTBa aa- 
cHJifl H fioAmyfo <iacTb apeiieHH npoeoAM'B b'b impax'B^ ae- 
ymibpeHBO ynoipeOiiaa ropmHTejibHbie aaiiHTRH. SecTOffiff m 
npapoAib^^S OH'b canpl^nl^Ji'b oTToro eu^e 6osie h^ OTyHaaeH- 
Huft 8100111^ He paai 6poc8j(ca ci opysieMi sa cbohxi upa- 
O.iHseHHHX'b, soTopue paaaHH a yattibeMi njaxHjra aa y^acrie 
B'b nnpaxi cBoero RHflsa. Gjiyqafiaoe sHaaie MexHitHHbi homo- 
rajo eMy^ no BUTpesBjeBiH ^ xoib oiqacTH HcnpaBiarb aaao- 
cHMuft KWb apoA'b- BecbMa ecTecTaeHHo , qro noflo6Bbifl xa- 
paarepi^ aoBce He meji'b rocyAapn cTpanu , to jbKO qio oGpa- 

U^OHHOft Wb XpHCTiaHCTBO ; HbflHCTBO H OyHCTBO HC MOrjH 

coA'&BcTBOBaTb 6oMi% rjy6oHOMy HacaasAeHiH) HCTHH'b efiaa- 
rejiia, wo fiiajio uaBHOio o6a3aHHOCTbH) Taaoro rocyxapa 
HexocTaiKH CsHpreua Oujh t^mi nopaaiTejibHlke , ^ito pa- 
nowh cb HHMii Gbiii Kflfldb coBepmeflHO HHaro xapasrepa, 
HecpaBHeHHO 6oj[buiaro pasBHTia yucTaeHBaro , — raiiab rpoj(- 
HeHcaifl BaxoBTb; Ha aeMb OTAUxaeii BHHMaHie, yToiurea- 
Hoe A^fl^^Ji^HOCTbH) JiHwocTefi^ Bi poA'l^ ArejiJia h GRHprejua. 
f BejEHRifi Ayxoirb, cjiaBHUit fikMmi, ooAoGHutt A jeacaHApy Ma- 
ReA0HCR0Hy^'^ flecpaBH«HHMti bt> BoeaaoMi a^^'^? o6jaAa»ii(ifl 
cBepx^ejOB^qecRHMH Ao6poAibTej[aMH»^^% — boti Raaie otsubu 
coxpauHjacb o HOHb wb HCToquHRaxi> ; ho HecMOTpa hb stb 
RaqecTsa, BHTOBXb AOJflSCH'b 6bU'b fjMno Ooporboa « BbiuecTH 
MHoro THHsejuxb ipyAOBi npeaiAe, nibiAb yAajiocb oMy y^tfjNh 
Aieua, qxo oahhi xoAbRO oHb Moasexb xopouio ynpaajarb 
JLhxboh). Eb pauaeft caoeft mojcoaocxil, ropaqo JiK>6HMuft ox40Mi< 
npeAnoquxaemuft ociajibauMb 6paxbaM'b aa auciiiia Raqecrsa 
yjtta H xapaRxepa, ohi> 6ujLb Bb Apys^'b cb AreaJioM'b m b(- 
pu<ii> B'b Hero: HeonpoaepsHMua AoaaaaxejibcxBa , Roxopuva 
Keitcxyrb HsoSjiHqHjrb ero HaMtny, ne mofm noaojieOaxb aiofi 



— 201 - 

xpyatfu I 9Toro j^oBtpifl ; ho Ror Aa ooBepmwjiOGb ySieme oTna. 
KOPi^a ofii eaiTb 6un OpomeHi in> 5amiiio ipeBCRaro BaMEa, 
RorAa noTOMi, Sisaai ri pui^apflMi, AOJisenii 6iu^ npoitTH 
y HHX'B ropbEyH) niROJiy ncnuTaRitt, Biitobt1> coBepmeHHo hs- 

M^HHJCfl. Bo BTOpOit nOJOBHH'6 CBOeit SHBHH, owh CA%Jiajrcfl 

5eBCTpacTHinrB, xojioahuhi, rjiy5oRO h BcecxopoHHe oficysAa^ 
Kin^HMi* Rasxiitt nocTynoRi, ho yse He Bipm hi B'b rofo h 
HOTOiiy A^bff^TBOMJTB ct Rpalhi6io ocTopoMoefrbM. Ero a^r- 
TeAHOcTb tBWh HeyTOMHua H T9Wb pacqeuHBa, ero cnocofiHOCTH 
Tasi nopaBHTeiibHu, oOpaaii rbhbhh tbri npaBHJieHii h BOB^ep- 

meWb. ^TO MU, BMtCTb Cb AtTOHHCpaMH, rOTOBU npH3HaTB Wb 

mvb cBepxiiejoB'b^ecRifl AoSpoxixejiH ; n tbrii Soraro OAapen- 
Hutt sHflBb AOixeH'b 6wn^ saHflTb nojoseme HHsmee, 6uTt> 
oTqacTH noA^HHeHHUirb CRirprejuy. QtoSu oi^iftRHTb, bi RaRott 
creneHH TRsejo (buro J^M Bhtobtb nasHa^eHie CRHpreua, mli 
AOJESHU paacMOTptTb OTHonreHia ero n Jlrejijy^ coapeHeHtf 
BOBBpaqeHiff ero Hsrb npycciv. CorjiacHBoniCb npHMHpHTbCH ci 
6paT0in>^ nojTb ycjoaieifb BOBBpa^emfl emy on^OBCRaro nacj'ft- 
mj BHTOBTb xftftcTBHTejibuo noJEy^HJTbero ^^\ HO flrejijo CRopo 
Hapynmra A&HHoe cjiobo h^ He onacaffCb era 6oj[te, OTHan y nero 
TposH H OTxaJi HXi OKHprejuiy, laR'b qro Bhtobti ocrajcfl 
TojbRO npft pyocRHX'b BJBA'bHiflX'b BeficryTa. Sto cjy iiHjrocb o^enb 
cRopo^ noTOMy too bi 1384 3Re ro^y, fiHTOBT'b o^raipajbHo 
^HBHJTb, TOO nojiywji'L orb BejocRaro rhhsh Bpecii^ Apora- 
HHHi, HejibHHRii, fid^ibCRi, Cypasi>) KaMenei^i, BojiROBUftcRii 
H TpoxHo; — TpoRBXii HH cjioBa. KpoMJb Toro Bhtobti npH- 
GaBifierb, too ohi> ae SyAeii AOMoraibCR Bja^'^Hift CBoero 
oTjqa h HH El Rony He ornpaBHi'b nocnoBi. 6e3i Bl^AOHa h bojih 
flrejua; TaRHMi oSpaaoifb oSMaHyibift, jmmeHHutt CBoefi co6- 

CTBOHHOCTH^ OHl^ AOiaR^H'b 6bIJ['b nOGTynHTbCR, OT^aCTH, H CBO* 

HMH npaaaiiH. Mbi roBopHJH yse, mto BHXoBTb uoAWHHJiefl 
dTHiTb pacnopfliseHiRMi bi naAesAt, mto, npa coexiHeHiH JIhtbu 



— 202 — 

cb QoJBDieio, Rorxa flrujio nepeftA^ii wh BpaioB'^ noMseme 
ero yjyumTCfl h, noserL OuTb, owb nojy wn BiuHy, BMt- 

CTb CL AOCTOKHCTBOMl BeJUaTO RHflBfl. CnOKOllHO OSHAHfl 9TOro 
BpeMeHH, OHli AOBOACTByerOfl CKpOMHUm THTYJIOM'B BH13I 

rpoAHencRaro h 6pecTCKaro '^^ no 1388 roxa, sorxa flrejjo, 
no H6ii3BicTmiMi iqaqraaiTb cxI^iiaBiuittcfi SiarocuoHHibe, nan 
enLj emie lYUjn^ h BjiaxHMipi; bi> rpaiiOTi oti 1 Imnu 1388 
r. BsTOBTb HaafiiBaen ce6fl cEHaseirb jhtobcku'b, flbjunewb 
TpoxHa^ fipecia, ApomHaa, JlyARa h Bj[aAHMipa> ^\ Kopor 
£0, 0AHaK02Ki, 6uJ0 oro Biaxtnie BojUHbH), nocrojraeo K0Jie6- 
jwnuftcfl Sieuo^ B&poaTHo^ Hameji. ^to cjmniRoirb ycEJDiJii 
cBoero ABoiopoAHaro fipaxa h wb Tom me roxy, wb rpaiiart 
on 24 iiDJifl, BiTOBTB nasiaaeTCH, RHflseirb CpecTCRiiMi, x'^- 
XHueiii rpoxHeHCRHirb h xaJbHftftmHxi seMeA Jhtb&i h PycH'^^ 
a B'B (uAxyiDn^eMi , 1389 roxy^ Hocnrb npesmtt, cRpoMHuft 
THxyn RHfl3fi rpoxHencRaro h 6pecTCRaro ^'*^. Haii apflnexeH- 
mab MRTOBi HecoMHtHHo cjtxyeTB, ^To wb Teqenie 4 jtTi, 
npomexuiHX'B co BpeiieHH BOSBpan^emfl BiroBTa h3i> Opycdfl, 
owb 6£ui> oOiiaflyTi xsa pasa, cnaqaja y nero othajh TpoRR, 
noTom xuH H CHOBa dTHfljoi BojuuHb. BoBBexeme CRHpreua bi 

XOCTOHHCTBO BClHBarO RHHBfl 6bUL0 nocil^xHHirB^ HaRecoHiaiMi 

eMy yxapoMi h lorxa ohx nojLmen% Sun J6i]^w^bcn wb noj- 

HOft HeOCHOBaTejbHOCTH OBOHXli HBXeSX'B H Bl HeopHHRpHMOit 

HtHaBHCTH flreua. Oqeab Moserb diiib , vro ^ xoBexeHHiitl xo 

RpafiHOGTH^ OWL RBR'b HH6yXb BUpaSHJl CBOe HeyXOBOlbCTBie 

H TtMii emfi Sojribe yxyxiiuuiii CBoe noiOREeme : noxoapiiTejb- 
HHtt Arejijio ORpysHJT'b ero mnioHaiiH, nepexBawBajii ero imcb 
Ma H sanpeTHJTb BCflBia CHomeHifl cb Hpyccieio h cb mocrob- 

CRRMl rOCyxapCTBOlTb ; CBBTOBCTBO BaCHJrifl ^HMHTpieBRqa 38 

AHacTaciio BnroBTOBHy Sujo BCTpi^qeHO BpaiHe HenpiffBHeimo h 
sanpeqeHie CHomeaitt cb Mocrboh) Rirbjo i^bjbH) BocnpeoRT- 
dBOBBTb saRiDqeHii) BToro 6paRa; RaRi yBHxmrb anocjitxoTBiu, 



~ 303 — 

MoeKOBciie 6ofpe noiwam 6um npii^xan wh Ilpycciio h ho- 
peiTb H0B63JH HeBtciy CBoero kuash. KoHewo, Bhtobtii hb Mort 
cnoKofiHO nepeHOCHTi laBoro npecjiibAOBaHifl ; ohii nocumii Kh 

ROpOflO 60flpi>^ W06l 06l>flCflflTb CBOH A'&ACTBifl, HO UOCJLOWb 

ero XBaxaiH, saRUDMaJiH bii TeMHiii9d hjh toiihjh^ APysbfl ero 
61MH yAaierai iiOAi* paaHhuiH npeAJiorami , a poACXBeHHiiEH, 
6e3i» BCfiSHi'b npoAioroBi, orpaGienu, x. e. JiHrneHU caaHxii 
Haci&ACTBeHHUxi BJiaAibHifi. Bet bth roneHifl, loxopuxii rjaa- 

HUMl BHHOBHHBOH'b, KOHe^HO, SUJI'L flreUO., 06l>flCHflH)TCfl HO 

cBHAtTejn»OTBy hcto4hhkobi» h no cjobbml caHoro Bhtobtb 

xaRxe BJiflHieMii CjSHprejja. B% AOByMeHxi, oh6bhaho BirayiR- 

AeHHOM'b, Bi KoxopoMTi Bhxobtb oO'bn^aex'k HOBOMy aejiHKOMy 

SHiiaB) APys^y H noMou^ npoxHBy bc:6x& BparoBi>^^^, owb roBO-. 

pHxi o6i> ocjisop6ji6Biui>, Koxopufl oHi Buueci QTh CjKHpre«i^a. 

H o6£ByexcA He B^pHXb ueBexHHKaMii , Roxopue 6u sseaajiH 

CHOBH Mxii noGcopHXb. U<ieBHAH0, 4X0 CRHprejuTo, coanaBaH npe- 

BociOACXBO BaxoBxa h aHaa^ atpoaxHO, o nHxaeMUX'b hui> hb- 

AesAaxii, GoHJica aa caoe nojoxenie ; ato onaceme BupaaHiSocb 

MeiRHHH npappKaxH h ocRopSieHiflniH h hobojio, HaBOHei^i^ ri 

GocxaejieHUO ynoMaHyxaro AORyMCHxa. Hejibsa He aaiid^xflxb, 

Rarb 6oflJUCb Bhxobxb Ropoab h aeJiHRift RHaab: noBHAHMOny 

owb A^^aerb ace, <iero ohh sejiaiorb^ ohi* nepeaocHxii o6NaHU 

H HapyuieHie cbohxi npaai*, oh^ f^^ierh nHCbMBHHoe o6fl3axejib- 

CTBo HHxaxb wb AHMi) Apyx6y n ace xaRB He Mosexb hxi* 

ycnoHOHXb; qyacxayfl ce6fl nocxoAHHO yrpoasaeMbuti* ci ero 

CTopoHU, aeMRifi Riiaab, ae yAoaojibCTBOBaBuiHCb oSasaxejrb- 

cxBoiTb, upHXOAHrb li'b cosHaniio uboCxoahmocxh pl^nuixejibHofi 

Mibpu^ X. e. no npocxy pibuiaexcfl yMepxBHXb npoxHBHHRa» noRa 

HH4%iii» ea^e He aaaaHBuiaro caoeft apaacAaOHOcxH ^^l %o ase 

ocxaaajocb BHXoaxy? dHepruuecRifi no npHpoAl^, ohii ne Morii 

cnoRoftHO noACiaaJiaxb caoio lueK) u ptmHica oAuaub oxaaai- 

HUlTb yAapOM'L H4H BCB HOXepHXb^ HJH BOB BUHrpaXb : B'b ROHI^'6 



^ 204 — 

1389 roAa, noxi npexiorom npaBpecvBib no ciy^iaio CBaxb6u 
cecTpu, offb ornpaBin bi Bhahy pflA^^ BosoB'b, 6yATo 6u, 
HarpyaeHHUxi ci:bcTHiaiii npraacaMH au npexcTonn^'b mi' 
poBi^ a na caiiOHi a'&J^ yxpim bx hhiii BoopyxeHmixi 
jmxefi, KOTopue ao^shh 6£ijii saxBaiHTb BBjeiCEitt bbmoki n 
TaiHui odpaBOMi npeABTb ctomi^ bi> ero pyKH. dra Boemaa 
xHTpocTb 6iiiia OTKpura, npEBepseHiVJ BinoBTa Oun cxeb- 
qeHH H 6pomeHu bi> TeMHBqu, a caMoiy eiy ae ocTaBaJocb 
Hinero 6ojAe, Kairb chobb dtsaib H3'b ore^ecTBa h chobb 
HCsaTb onopu h uomoh^i na qysSHHft^^*. B% nepauxi m- 
cjiaxi flHBapfl (1390) ohi bucjibji Oparbea'b^ GHTHSMyHAa h 
BoHpaAa^ A0% h cecipy (PMurajijy) ci lUri^HBUMi cmojoh- 

CKHlTb XHBSeM'b ^^^ H CTO JHTOBCRHXli 6oflpl El BeJHKOMy Ma- 

nicTpy, KaRi ynojiHOMOMefiHuxi AJia sasjnoqeHifl noBaro eoiosa ci 
opxeHom npoTHBi flreua 8 GsMpreua h, OT^acTH, kbki sajros- 

HHEOB'b U UOpy^HTejefi Bl BipuOH'b HCUOJHeHJH npHHHMaeMUXl 

HMi Ha c66h o6fl3aTejEbCTBi>''<*; 1 9 AHBapHneperoBopu 6iijni ohor- 
HeHU ci ycnl^xoHi : UHTOBrb o6fl3a;icfl Cb TOTHOCTbH) Bunoaurrb 
Bce o6!bn<aHHoe mrb opxeny, eqe bo BpeMH nepsaro npeOuBaHia 
ero Bx Ilpyccm^'^ wh Torb ne ffenb oH'b saBJUowjii hobuA aofo- 
Bopi ch MarncTpoMi , no KoiopoMy nocji^ABitt AOJineffb 6ujrb 
AOcraBHTb, sa nsBl^cTHyio njiaxy, crbtcTHue npHnacu aJ^b npib- 
nocrei Bhtobtb, KOTOpua ohi>^ ybasaa, cnaGAHJ'b cMbnuMH 
rapHH30Haioi ^^\ 

H Tarb BHTOBT'b chobb oOpaTHJca tb noRpoBKreibCTBy 
opAeua, no6ysAaeMbifi , rjiaBHUirb oCpadOHi , crpaxoHb , boto- 
puft BHyuiaji'b emy GaHpreuo ; HibTb coMHinifl , <ito opAeHb 
npHHujTb ero cb BejrHMattmeio paAOCTbio, noToiry qTo, yrpoaae- 
Mufl coeAHHeHieMi Jhtbu g% Iloibuieio, oH'b Sujii totobi ua 
BCb noseepTBOBaHifl, mtoSu noH'bmaTb BTomy aasHOMy oo6hiTiK}; 
npexHee bI^pojomctbo BHTOBia Sujro 3a6uTo h Aase HeAaB&iH. 
BpasBAeSHbifl ero A^ttcTBiH ne mofjut yRHnTosBHTb paAOCTo Be- 



^ 205 — 

jHKaro MaracTpa, no nofioxy chobe oTRpuBaioipeficii bosmos- 
HOCTH ocja6HTb JiTBy BHyTpeHHHM'L HexxyycaSieflfL **^ Ro- 
HeqHo, opABHi 6iui lenepb ocToposH'6e h, SAHTejrbHo Had<iio- 
Aaa aa canHMi Bhtobtohi, pauy^ui ero ci poxHiuoi, seaoio 
a AiTbMH^ BKKTopue fiuiM noiil^qeHiii wb pasaHMHUxii opxea- 
CKHX'b aaMKaxi h aojibhu Sum cjysaTb nopyaoio, ^jto, aa 
9Torb paai^ Bhtobti ^ecTHfte ncnojiflHTi cboh oSasaTejubCTBa. 
Ha nepauft paai laaerca, ^to opxeai Spajica 3a npeppiaiie 
ipaitfie onacHoe, noTOMy <ito, oaaauBaa noRpoBHTejbOTBo Be* 
TOBxy, owb BusuaaJTb npoTaai ce6a ae lOJbRO Jaxsy^ ho h 
noAQiy; OAHaaoxi ne cjE'bAyeT'B saSuaaTb, ^to owl mn 
pacqHTUBaTb wh caHoirb jHTOBORopyccKOMo^ rocyAapcTBi^ aa 
cajbHyio noAAopsiy Ttx-b, aoTopye cocTaBJUJiH napTim Ba- 
TOBTa. Uo BecbMa noaaTHOMy cxe^eaiH) oOcroarejibCTBi tk^ ao- 
Topiie BOAA^pniBajDi npesAe flreua a 6ujni nporaai BaroaTa 
H BettcTyra^ lenepb ciain aa CTopoay BaroBva *'^; jri^Tonacipi 
apaMo roBopari, qro, no OKpeqeaiH Jlaxau, B'b aeit otpaaoaa- 
Jiacb jtjxt napiia : jiTOBcaaa . ara aaTOJoraecaaa a pyccaaa ajia 
apaaociaBaaa. Gaapreuo , xoxa a npaBOCjraBHutt , cTajii bo 
rjaai^ nepBott, noTOMy ^ito xaaoBa 6ujia Bojra fipaxa, aoTopoMy 
OBI noasaoaaica OesnpeaocjiOBBO , a Baroarb, ae cHOTpa aa 
cBoe RaTOjmecTBO, cx^ajrca aoaiAeM'b aiopoft ^\ aamejrb ffin 
cefia BuroAHUirb onepoTbca aa saoroqacJEeaaoe pyceaoe aace- 
leaie Jarau, ecTecraeaao xojEOxme, jifive aenpiasHeaaoe Areji* 
ly^ nocji nepexoia ero b% lafOJiaqecTBO. Hafi'bra op^eaa, 
apeAflpaHmiaeMue wb rarepeeaxi BaTcmTa, aanpaBjaR)Tca wb 
CTpaHii, TOCTO jiHToaeaia, wb KepaoB'b a Mettmarojoi *^^, apt- 
aocTH ero, oca»xeanua flreuovb, bi aa^ait 1390 r., ace 
pyccaia^ BpecTb, CSyparn, RaMeaei^) aaatantamTca cb aera* 
^attniairb ynopcTBOirb, a Bdaiie aasBtttmeit aai HaxTi, Tpoxaa, 
oS'bacaaeTca apasAOH) Mtcxaaro rapaasoHa K'b opAeacaosiy 
^PW? aoTopuft 6un aaeffeai B*b apftnocTb hm 6oi!be aa- 



- 206 - 

AesHoft 68 saii^TU. HejibSfl, OAHaKox'B, yiBopsA^^ qxo set 
iHTOBi^ii 6i>UH npoTHBik fiHTOBTE u, sejaii BupasHTbCfl onpe- 
A'biHTejibHie, hu SyxeM'B 6jqi3Kh eii hcthhI^, ecjn CKaxeMi, 

mo T:b HS'B HHX'B OCTaUGb eMy BtpHEI, KOTopue Be npHHH- 

Ma^a EaToiHi^dMa. TaEi, %BryAi>, coxparaBuiaa CBoe irame- 
uecTBO, ofiaauBaercfl B'b laKoft cTeneHH eMy npexaHHOia, ^ 
26 naa 1390 r. saKJUOMaeni b'l ero HHTepeeaxi> coioai ci 
pm^apuMH^ KOTopurb oaa HCKpeinio neeaBHAtjia <«^. C'b APyi^ft 
CTopoHfii He cjri&AyoT'L 8a6uBaTB H Toro, qxo opxeffL He pa3p» 
BdJTb CB Qojibmeio naii-aa BnTOBTa, ohi fiujCb yse wb paa 
pbiBt CL Heio^ noTomy qio, co BpeneHH oTRasa aejiHKaro la- 
THCTpa 6biTi» specTfiUHi orvfiWh fire^iua, co BpeMesH OBasafl- 
Hoft liwb noM o^H AHApeio oojioi^ROMy , Bopojib nojbCRiM hm^^ 
AOCTaTowo noBOAOBi c^HiaTb ce6a ocEopSjieHmnrb ^ a HEpi 
padopBaHEbUfb He hhi, a opAenoMi. lIonbiTEH E'k coriameHiio, 
CA^jaflHUfl CL ofitflxii CTopoHi, He HOBejiH HH Eb qemy, no- 
TOHy mo HH BeiHEift Marncrrpi^ hh EopojiB, ne nffrajH ji$jn 
H'b APyry HHEaaoro AOBtpiHJ' fii^ noiOBHHt anptia 1388 r. 
BoHpaAii I^oibHepii npi'bxaji'B H'b Topni, a Sibmo vl PaitioHSi 
u m% 9THXI HtcTb noBejiH neperoBopu o asejiaHHOHi , no 
bhI^uihocth, mnp^. ycjoBifl hm ero saEJioqeHiH , saaBMHHUfl 
opAenoMi, 6bU[it bi laEott cTeneni neonpeA'bJieHHbi h hbachU) 
UTO, oueBHAHO, wa'b npeAJOSHm xojbEO noTOMy, <ito n^ijihsLach 
m fleaoBMOisHOCi^ hxi npHHHTifl. TpH oo6cTBeHHO 6bijni ycio- 
Bifl \ nepBoe hohbtho, oho Eacajiw^b BbiEyna Hjra oSMtna nitE- 
Huxi, G'h EOTopuMH^ EBEi yBtpfiJTb MarHCTp*b7 Areuo, nocil^ 
Epen^eflifl, CTajEi nocTynaib oco6eHHO secioso^ aa ^to crapafl 
npyccsafl xpoHnaa A^se oSsbiBaeTi ero sjeuh'l nooH'b. Biopoe 
ycjioBie MarHCTpa saEJiioqajiocb b^ EaBOHii to HenoHHTHOii 
o6e3ne<ieHiH opAona h coctAHHxii xpHCTiancEHX'b rocyAapciBi 
Bi TOMi, Becbua B03Ho»HOM'B, cjiyua'b, ecjiH JHToaqbi h pyc- 
cEie cHOBa o6paiflicfl wb asuqecTBO ^^^, a Tpexbe p&mHreJbHo 



- 207 — 

be ni'fceri cioteia h MoserB 6utb HCTojaoBaRo caioiMi pad- 
jmHUMi oSpasoMi**^ BecBMa ectecTBeHHo, qro ifreuo ne 
Morb coMacHTbCfl Ha TpeSoBam opAOHa, BorAa He Sujio hh- 
Kaiott B03M0SH0CTH noHflTb, Bi nmb saKJDD^aioTCfl 9TH TpeOo 

BBHUi^ H MBpt, ROne^HO, SaKJHO^eR'L He 6UJrB. XoTfl eAHHCTBeH- 

auifb BHflOBHHEOirb aroro 6un caMi MarecTpi, rbHi He me. 
Hte 0Hi> sajyercfl nani^ , ^to flreuo ne xoqeri saRJio^aTb 
MHpa^ HaMeRaeTB na onacHocrb, rposfl^yiD Bceiiy xpHCTiancTBy 

H npOCHTL npHHflTB MftpU, Heo6XOAHMlIfl fl^MH 610 8a^^lTIlI ^*<> 

Buio flCHO, ^To Manfcrpi xoqerL BOftHU, Tftn 6ojA% qio no 
Bcett IIpycciH mjro ycHieHHoe Boopysenie h Rpoii tofo 6ujih 
3aRjiio<iaeiai AoroBopu o nocTdBRft coMn^Vb ci homopcrhmh h 
^eqHHCRHHH repitoraMH, ^ase ci SHaTHUMH pui^apcRHMH m- 
MHjiflMH H nocjaHU Bi FepMaHiio Bep6oBqHRH. Tanifl irbpu 
6ujH Heo6xoAHMU noTOMy, ^to opAeni HawHaJfL Boftny cb 
CTpaHOK), ROTopaa, rbri bc£mi 6iuo HdB'bcxHO, AaBHO yse 
BcnoB^AiiiBajra xpHCTiancTBO h pasopaxB Roxopyio ne hohuih 6ei 
aanaAHHe puAapH, tbr-b oxotho cTeRaBmiecfl hoai SHaMena 
opxena pfl HCTpe6jieHifl SesGosHBix'B capa^HHOBl. PejHriosHuit 
MHaTHdMi o6e3neqHBaji'B , cnaMaja, opAeny noHonp» EBponu, 
HO RorAa opysie ero oGpaTHJiocB npoTHB'B xpHCTiancRaro Hapo- 
xa, Tase noiioqB Sbub noRynaeMa aa AeHBFH. 

O^BHB npiflTHO 6uA0 HaracTpy, mto npoTHBHafl cTopoHa^ 
nepBafl, aaqajia apasAeCHBifl A'^ttcTBui: Vb uojA 1388 r. Bh* 
TOBTB , ero 6paTB BoHpa^'B h BopaSyTi BnesanHO hohbhjhcB 
nep6Al» Bhshok) h saxaaTHJiH ee*^^; oCpaAOBanHufi HarHcrpi 
CHOBa xajiyeTCfl nani na xaRoe OesnpaBie h chobh npocHTi 

HpHHHTB Mibpu nM orpasA^Hifl 6e30naCHdCTH I^epRBH**^ B^ 

TOREe BpeMfl oHi nycRaerB cboh niaitRH hm onycTomeHifl Jbrr- 
Bu. PeayjiBTaTOHi BnaAenifl Shijio coassenie ropoAOBi Bnecc- 
BBJiBAe H BHAReR6ypra h onycTomeme SeperoBx BHjriH, ROTopoe 
HpoAOjnajiocB 12 AHOfi. Topaqo aaTpoHyiufi TaRRMB oOpasoMi 



- 208 — 

;](i&fiCTBift opAeHa, Hreuo fle ptmajioff, opaBos'B , OTRpiiro npo. 

THBl. Hero BUCTynHTb, ho BpeMCHH He TepflJl^ I131HCSHSafl Bcib 

cpeAGTBB B08M0SH0 6ojie ero ociaSHTb, ^toSu t^itb Btpate 
pacwTMBBTb Ha ycn'6xii b% HeHafitisHott 6ojfh6i cb hhiii*. 
IIpocToe coo$pas6Hi6, qio rjiaBHoe Moryn^ecxBO opAena 3auK>- 
qaeTog Bii CHJiaxii, HpejiiiBaionitHX'B ki Hemy ci aanaxa h^to 
CMU 9TI MoryTii npoHHKaxb wb npycciio tojilso qpeai BJia- 
A^HLfl noMopcRHX'B RHadeil ^^\ 3acTafii#o ero o$paTHTi>cii n 
nocj!feAHHN'B H pacToprflyib conai* hxi cb .BejrHKHMi HarH- 
cxpoMii IIoapoShocth aToii He^OI^aI^H h^bb^^cthu, ho oqeBH^- 
Hp, ^To coiosii CL IIoAnieH) 6iiijrB ropasAO eciecTBeHHl^e nu 
noHopbfl, i!bwh coH)3'B ero cii opAeHOMi» : . AOJtroBpeMeHflaii, ose- 
CTQ^eHH^fl 6opb6a, xoiopaa tojlro ecAarao oiOH^HJUiCb pacnm- 
peHieMii rpaHHi^i opAena na cqeT'b IIoHopbJi, ne uorjiaHe ocTaBRTii 
Bi RHflBbffX'b H wh HacejeHiH BpasAe6Haro qyacTBa R'b HtHei^- 
RHJUii pbo^apflMTi. RaR'b RHfldbHMX, TaRi H.HapoAy 6bM0 ecxecTBeH 

E%e COeAHHHTbCfl Cl> nOlflRaMH, HMiBIOHMR CTapbie CQCTU CI 
OPAOHOM'b, CBOAfl ROTOpue, OHH MOrJTH HOCOOHTb H HOMOppaill Bl 
BOBCTBHOBJieHiH HXI* H0npaHHUX1> HpaBl. RaRl RaseiCfl, RHfl3bfl 

cRopo corjiacuaHCb c^ flreJiJioM'L, ^to umi ho ci'bAyerb npc^ 
nycRBTb pui^apett, HAyu^ax'b bii QpycciiD, ^xo nponycRaa hxi». 
OHH xojibso ycHJiHBaH)X'b opAeni h ^xo axo ycHJEeme Mosen 
GOBpeMeneMii emexasejii^e oxoaaaxbCfl aa hhxii, 1*6111 npesAe. 
SaKJUoieHHbie AoroBopn, BSflXbia BHopeAT* A^Hbrn hhcroako He 
yAepsHsaan RHaaeit on apasA^Snaro oOpasa A^t^xBiit oxhoch- 
xeJGbHO opAena h ohh Haiajui ero cxaaxHB'b repi^ora FeAAepaa, 
fiHjibrejibMa , Roxopuft meaii Boeaaxb cb HeB'bpHUHH noAi> aaa- 
MeHaMH opAeaa. Apecx'b cxojib aaaxHaro rocxa, rpaSesi ero 
HMyqecxaa, xI^mi 6ojthe nopasHJiH Marncxpa, ixo Bce axo npo- 

RaOHLIO B'b CXpaat COlOBHHROB'b, HO HXl HpaMOHy npHRasafflD 

H npH yqacxiH oahofo as'b sasHl^iimHXi hx^ qRHosHHROBi^. 
dRRapAa «. A- BajbAe^^^; fleHOAJi^BO 6iuh npsHflni iiftpu 



-^ 209 - 

;^M OGBofioaA^flii repi^ora, ho ohI^ He hmtLih HHKaRoro ycitt* 
xa : BHASbJi, iipoTSB'B BcaRaro osHAaaiH, OKadUBaiHCb Boscie He 
pacuojoaBeHflLUfH Kh opxeny, ohh ho oiatqajiH Ha nHCbiua Ma- 

FHCrpa H He HBJEfiJHCb Ha CBHJiaHiH, BOTOpUfl Ofili HasHaiaJTb 

ffiE MHpiiaro osoHqaHiH f^Ah. Cpe^H 3Thxi> HeyAH^Hiiixi noHU- 

TOfTb, BejHBifl Marflcipii yBHajir^ qTO rjaBRaa pojib wb njAfA 

repi^ora npHBajMiefflHTL flrejjiy, mto ohii noAroBopHJi noMop- 

csflxi RH£3^ saxBaTHTb ero H xoMerii xenepb yBeaiH ero wh 

Hojubjuy, name Kb Amnj hjh bi Pycb, oiKyAa ocBo6oAHTb ero 

He SyAerb HHHaaoit bohmoshocth. Mu Buomi AonyoKaeH'b.cupa- 

Bej^HBOcxb BToro c«iyia. flrejijo, aaKb hbb^ctho, nenaBHAtji'b 

opACHi* 11 SuJib yBtpett'b, mo Boflua ch HHUb^ pane hjdi noaA- 

110, eenpeM^HHO HayHCTca; upx tbkc^ yBtpeHHoeiH ohi js^jl- 

mewb 6vuj* nperpaAHTb hjh saTpyAHHTb OHoiueHia ero cb 3a- 

naAOM'ii, QTKyAa opAeub Morb nojiyqaTb noMoiub AapoMb hjh 

aa A^iu^rM^ A^fl "^^^^ to npHBioRb owb r^ coioay noMopcRHX'b 

iHH3ett H noAiOBopuji Hxi TaH'b aaecTOKO nocTyuuTb ci> rep- 

UoroHii, HaA^MCb, 4X0 ero Hec^acrie ocraHOBarb HHoraxi^ ate- 

aaaniHX'b hath Bb UpyooiM). Ilojiy wBb TaRia catA^Hiu, aeAHBii 

HarHOTpi» AUHHyjb gboh Boftcaa u'b UoMopbe, onycTOiUHJTb Hirb- 

Hifl TJbxii, ROTopue yyacTfiOBau vb BanaAeniH na repi^ora, 

UTypMon'b B3Hji» OajbReH6yprb, rji^i ohi coAepsajica B^b tom- 

Boil 6aniE% h npHRaaaji'b ocBo6oAHTb ero. Pui^apcRafl Mopajib 

cpeAHflxi Bi^Bi He no3BOJHjra nj'&HnHRy BociiojibsoBaTbCH 

npoAJiaraeHofl eHy 6BO(k>Aofl^ mu, Rouequo, ae nofiMeMi, mto 

4ejOB'6K%V orpaojEOHHufl na 6oj[bmoft Aopor^ h 6pomeHHBift b% 

TiopbMy^ Aaerb orpaOHBmeHy cjiobo ho CTapaTbca o CBoeMi ocbo- 

60SJ|eHUI H npHHBTb CB060Ay TOARO 0T% HOrO, a He OTl Roro 

JHto Apyi'^i'o^ HO Hejib3H coHui^BaTbCH ^ 4T0 hoaoGhoo 06fl3a- 
Te.ibCTB0 6iuo AHHo. ^ejianie ocTBTbCfl BlbpHbiM^ CBoeiiy cjo- 

Hy 6UJI0 TBRl CHJIbMO Bb GpeAHOBiROBOMb pUI^ap'b, 4X0, ROFAB 

RtioTopoe BpeMH cnycTfl, HarHCTpi., npoTHBi* bojkh repi^ora, 

14 



- 210 - 

Aase Bii ulbiuii% npiisaaajii npHBecra ero wb Hpycciio, rep* 
ufiTi* npHiuaiT^ Bi> HSCtynieHie h Tasii Eairb onacajucb^ qro 
oHi yOben C66fl hah nepeOben t^xi, Roropue sen ero, to 
AOJUKHU 6ujH CHOBa OTBecTH 610 Bx OajrbB6H6yprb. BMi^ma- 
xeabCTBO HHOCTpaflHux'b rocyAapeit, laRi* nanp. pHMenro so* 
pojfl^ He HHlUo HHRaKoro ycni^ia, noHa, aafiOHei^'b^ duapAi> He 
HcnyraJicfl qepKOBHofl kjeatbu, lOTopoio uorpoaajrb eMy none- 
saHCRifi enHCKoni aa Hacoiie, ywHOHHoe uaAi* mMHrpHHOM'b^ 
oHi BOSBpaTHJH repiiiory ero ejOBo h laEHifb oOpasoiii no- 
oA'bAHift nojEy^iHA'b CBo6oAy. Epokib oToro AOiaaaTeibCTBa Bpax- 
xefiHOCTH noMopcBHXi RHflseit^ 6&UH H APyrifl : Bejuudtt komeh- 
Aopi>, txaBniiit b% Ea^ecTBt nocjia irb pHMCxoMy Ropom, BCTpt- 
THU Bi> IIoMopb'b BecbMa HOApyaeiioSHuit h a&s6 Heno^xH- 
TeJEbHuft npieM'b; HiBeACRifl nocjaHHHR'b^ BOdspan^aBmilicfl , no 
HCuojuefliH CBoero nopy^eHiA, E3'b flpycclH , 6hm cxBa^effB ua 
Aoporb, orpaGjieHi h jnimeH'b cboSoau. TaRi ptSRO paspbiBajio 

QOMOpbe C0H)31> CBOft C% OpAeHOJTb H TBRl HCRpOHHO CTaHOBH- 

Jiocb Ha CTopofly HojibmH; bi AORyMeHit^ CRpibnHBOieirb dtir 

HOBUA OTHOmeHlH, HOMOpCRie RHfldbfl OpHCflrHyJDI Ha BtpHOCTb 

Ropojuo H RopoH!b H o6ji3ajiHCb HO npoHycRaxb. Mpesi cboh Bja- 
A'bHifl sanaAHUx'b BoilcR'b, HAynpix'b na ooMOHi[b opAeny bi 
6opb6:6 ero cb flrejuoji'b ^^K IIoTepa ooio8hmrobi, ROHe^HO, 
B03Aep2RHBaj[a MaracTpa orb oiKpuTOJt BpaasAU Kb Hoibaii i 
Aa 96 sacTaBHJia ero CA^Jiaib HOByio nonuiRy Kb coriameHiio : 
Hb UefiAeH6ypi4, RyAa citxajiHCb ynomoMO^eHHbie o6isib 
CTopoHi», pbu^apa oO'bacHHjiH, naRonei^'b, xaitHoe snaqeHie Heno- 
HHTHaro Ao cmib nopii ipoTbaro nyHRxa, o ROTopoMii mu yse 
roBopuAH. dTOTii Tpeiift nyHRTii cocToa^'b wb BaflBjeniH npaab 
opAeaa na bcio JlHiBy, ISmyAb h oRpecimifl cipanu, cociaB- 
jflBuiifl ero coOcTBeHHocTb na ocHoaaHiH AapciBeHHux'b aaiuiceil 
MHHAoara 1253, 1255, 1257, 1259 h 1260 roAOBii h no|' 
TBepaEAenifl hxi 6yuaMH nam , HH0K6HiUi iV a AieRcaHApa 



- 211 — 

IV, lanw^ laK^ i rpaMoroio HioiepaTopa Opi^pHxa II; Taraiti 
TO npaBBVB opAeaa aojxohi 6iuii SjaronpiaTCTBOBaTb (favere) 
flrejuu) ; Becuia ecTeoTBeuHO, qro, RorAa oat 6ua BucKaaaiiU) 
oHi HeHe;^eH0O HpespaTHn neperoaapu. TaBaHi ofipasoHi 
opxeiTB A^Uaxb nomiTia ki» lapy, ho npeAJarajrL TaKta 
ycjORur, KOToptifl hh wb KUiowb cjyqa'6 He momh 6uTb npa- 
HHTU HH OoAUieia, HH JIhtboi); wwb axoro acho ojA^efny 
qio owb Beji A'^o wh BofiHt, A& a ae Mon nocTynan 
HHaqe: ohii aftpHO o6cyAHjrb Bce rposHoe SHa^eHie coeAHneHia 
ofioHX'b rocyAapcTB'b a nouaiii, wo, hjih ci^Ay^^'^* npHnecTH 
BceaoaMOHBHa sepTBU hm ero yHaqioseuiH, hjh npHMapaTboa 

C^ HUCJBK), MTO, PBHO HJIH nOBAHO, HBl 9T0r0 COCUTIH BUTeqeT'B 

naAOHie opxeaa. GodHanie xaioi onacHOCTH hoscti oSiacHHTb 

BBMl TO CHAHOe BO.IHeHie, B^ KOTOpOHl HaXOABJCB Bl TO Bpe^ 

Mfl opA6Hi H aoTopoe aacTaajiajio ero npHHHHBTb Mtpu, otjh- 
MHBaiiaofl Kpattaeio HenpaiTH^HOCTbio. OveBHAHO, hto MarHcxpi 
He 6ujii Bi cocToaaifl paBcyasABTb BApaao, ecjiH y aero hbh- 
lacb Mucjb OTBJieqb OT'b aopoja naHOBi» h ropoAa a tbkhm^ 
ofipaaoHii Htfi^Tb )!kAo tojlro c^ JIhtboh): OHb nocujraeTi 
DHCbHa Kb paaauHb naaaHb a Bb pa3Hbie ropoAa Hoibma, 
yfiibpaa hxi bi^ npiasuH opAona h npHSaBiaeTi Kb axHX'b 
oacbHaxi: <Eopajib se aami^ jihtobi^ a pyccme, apasAeSau 
saiTb HaMii, Tan npaaAi^ a cnpaBeAJiHBOCTH» ^*^; btb nonuTaa 
BiiBuaaeTii toako CMixi y aasAaro, aoTopony H8B'6cthei npeA^ 
meGTByH)npa OTHonienia pm^apeft u nojaaoai*. Ecxb TaaaEe aa- 
aeiH aa APyroe , bi» Taaofi se cxeneaa ^ cHl^uiaoe aaiitpeaie 
Bejiaaaro naracTpa boSth bi> ocofieaHyio APys^Y ^^ CaHpreji- 
loiTb H noccopHTb w^^'b KopoJieM'b nojQiCHHM'b ; axo HHM'bpe- 
Hie tkwh CTpaaaie, <ito bch HaorojitTHfla A'^^TeibHocTb bojih- 
Rare KHasa 6um phaohi AoaaaaTeucTBii aecoMHtuaidl ape- 
jaHHocTH ero Cpaxy h, Koae^iBO, axa npeAanaocTb ne Horu 
aepeftra a'b HSHtHy B'b to apeHa, kofab oaa 6uiia Tarb 6w- 



6TaT6Jii>H0 BoaHarpa*A®sa^^^. HpitSA^ BHtcmTa )ioao»[jr& ko- 
Hei;i» KOJieS jfioqeficfi HcuiHTiiK'b op^eHa : upEEimbR ero uoa^ 
cBoe aospoBRxeiiibCTBO , opAeH^ cmMo Morj> paewTUBaTb Ha 
CHUuiyH) noAA^pffifiy co oTopoHU ^o iipflBepiKeHi^eBS n Ha^taib 
fiOTOHy pj^uiHiejEbHiiifi oSpasi A'^BcTtfiil. He AOBOJibeTByflCB ana- 
AeHiflMH He6ojibinHX% 0Tp9A0Bi\) M^b BOdti^iA^utn hath fla 
JBHibHy H , nocaAHBi laMib BiTOBra , fia«% CBoero MEHHia, 
BiaAl^Tb iiepes'L Hero JHraoio. IIpiiroTOBJieiiiH npoAOJisajiHCb He 
Aojro, HOTOMy^ iio ohh a^ho yse f^hLSm Ha^dTU, oocraBEJoct^ 
BHauTejbHoe BoftcKO , HOTOpoe yoHMJiocb en^e ftarpaHiiqfiHHn 

COCTflMH, HOTOHy ^T^ EBpOHB BCe BlOfi H6 3HaJia HOTHHU JDI- 

TOBCBoiiii rocyAapcTBft) KOTopyH) tbei* OTapaiejUbHo saTeHHAJTb 
AJfl Hefl opAOHi. IIpiniJiH dHaMemiTMe adrjiiBcKie ctp^eh ci 
rpaa>0Mi> renpHXCK* A^pdH, Koioputt 6ujii BnoojitACTBiE eo* 
pojtewb Knvm^ noA^ HMeneMii FenpHia IV ; ohh npmiiiujH Ha 
Eopa6jiHX'L H BMCBAHJiHCb y jI,aHi]iHra ; Hpiiniej[i> snaMeHHTiifi «paH- 
iqracEift pui^apb fiycHBO b mhofo repMaHqesi ; EaaiMi nyten 

AOCTHrJTH 0H« DpyCCiH— H^IBBftCTHO^ BOHeUHO, OHH THESC HOFJE 
HpHHJIUTb no SOpK), HO BO HCpBUXl^ HH OpHHIp, HH FepMaHJH, 
He 6bUII HdB'bCTHU, B'b XIY B%Hi , EHK'b MOpGEk A^pSABU, a 
BO BTOpUX'b HCT01IHHKH HHVerO He rOB(^flri> 06% dTOIfb HOBOn 

6peA€TBt eoo^qeHia c-b Opyceiefi, TaBi> ^o ca/bfij^iii npexnch 
jaraib, no ohh oOsanyjiH d^miejibuocTb noMopcEHX'b EHflsel 
H yen'bJH upofipaTbca qpesi hxi> BiaAtma. Ci orpoMHiurB 
BoficEOMii, Bx 52,000 qe^ioBJ&E'b^^^, Homeji'B Bi» Jbff By opAefl- 
CEitt Hapmaji'b dflrejibrapA'TL Pafie, tbe'b ebei BejiHEtt sa- 
racrpb 6luii> oqeab 6ojieH'b e name orqaHBaJDiCb Bi ero bu- 

BAOpOBJieHiH. BeT0BT1» G% CBOHIIH JHTOBI^QMH, ftMypHaEH i 

pyccEHMH cocTaBiiEj[i» HB MajTOBasHyH) qacTb dpMiE, a y BoBHa 
Ell rjaBHOiiy Boficsy npHcoeAHHHiicfl JiHBOHCEifi MarHOTpi. GKip- 
rejiiio xpa6po BucTynsjib npoTHBi TaEofi cejiu h nurdicfl npe- 
rpaAHTb efi aepenpaay qpes-b Bhaio , y BepEOB'b , limtm » 



- M3 — 

leHcvaro enmmtfi, ho vapantn ofiMaHyn ero n, ofioiAH mfoB- 
CHoe BaitcRo,npHHyjuuiiet& OTorynHf b cblsHauTeKbHoio noTepeM. 
nepefllAfl Bhju^ pumpn CKopo AMrim BubHii h o6jiosrH jh ee 
CO BcbiLii cTopoaii ; KHOfFOVHCjenioe Boficio, cocTaBjeimoeiai jiyq- 
iiniii> HpejioraBirejeil sanaxBaro BoeiHaro HORyccTBa n eHJibHaa 
apTiuJiepiii jmBoiam napmajiy pacwruBaTb Ha yoiArb oca- 
pi, xoTfl^ Beo6iqe. roBopff, BBBTb BBJ&Hy 6u20 oqeitt* tpyAHo: 
«nojo0eHie- ropoxa bii soemowh oTHODieHiR npeBocxoxHO, roao- 
piTb BHGyprb, oflUTHKifi Boairb soH^a XIY Btea, h aoTOiry 
Bi* Bvm'h HOSHO sanmiaTboi A&se npH HedHa^HrejibHHX'b 
yRptajieHiflXi;i HHorowoieHHiifl BOSBUDiefliff, yn^bibH h rjy- 
5oBie QBpara j|0CTaB4XK)T'b aeobHa yufs^Uhie cjiyiiaH* nm Hatfa- 
xeHUE 0a ooeaiAaiBnpx^. IIpH rasofi nosmiH mobbho anycTHTb 
fleopifiTejfl* Bi ropoAi* h, ospynnrb. ero, BUpbaaib ^o flocfiA- 
Hflro iie-iofirbsa. Ob MyseoTBeHHHirb, BtpHBurb h xopaoro npex- 
BoxMHUiTB rapHBdOHOMx BHjuia 6^onacHa\, HBKafiofi Henpla- 
xejib Ha Hi^Hecerb dtBaaiiaroBpeAa. B^i btopo cjiibxye^, uto 
le ooHi> o sEMtdHoii'b BQJLtk H ^6 npeAGRaaanie qepHOKHHiK- 
HHsa AajDi EoAHMBHy micyib ocHOBaii> SA^cb OTOJiiiqy rocyAap- 
czaa, a ssaHie BoeHHaro ji'bJia, npn ^em ohii He movh m sa- 

MtoHTb BHinOA'b M'6GT0n(MK)SMill»^*^ OfiblKHOBeHHO, fffia SaHKB 

^nittH^aH ffopoAi : Bepouitt h Hnraiii ; n^aiitt j nocTpoeHHutt 
HB BucoKi^it, oOpbiBHCTatt, saMKosoU Fopft, 6hLJL% o6HeceHi> BU- 
coiHiw, xaiieHHyMH CTtoam; BTopoft, Mflsani^ffi BHHay, 6un 
ytptoirefli A^peBiiHHUiui uaucaAaiiH h aajioirb^ ero nasbiBajrH 
RpHBUii'b ropoAOM'b (caatruu curTum, cromhaus); a^'bcb yvpu- 
locb Boe HaccjieBie Bubui, npexai'b nniieHH cboh aohq h 
^EQCfl c% co6oiD ftoji'be i^^^oe HMyn^ecTBO^ Ha btotii padi», 
OAHaRovb, . uauiwui HeAOCiaToqaiitfi laKoe yRpipjenie ropoAa h 
Mesxy odiian^HflUMH aaMsaaui BOCTpoeHii 6un eii^e Tpeiifi, 

^tfOHTHO A^P^MHUlii TBBli RaHl Wb TO BpCMH, npH HeCOBCp- 

meflonb apnuepiH ua no HeyHj^Hbio cipoiTb, HaxoxHJoi ffi- 



- 214 — 

peBiHHiiifl yKpl^njemfl 6ojfte HaxexmoiH ''®. 9b neiii Ha<iajb- 

CTBOBajn Caiiprejjo, bi kphbovb— BopHrejuo, a b'b BepxHem 

HaxoAMCfl rapHBSOH'L, oocraBjeHHuit toabo n% nojrsKOBi, 

iioA'B npexBOAHTMbCTBOMii Roponaro Brnte-iaHipiepa HHSojafl 

H^i MocsosoBa. ysadamufl KaqecTBa M'bcTHOCTH jsfkj^MB Bn 

yKpi^iiJieHifl CTOjb rpoBHiuiH, 4to ycuixi> oeasAU>DUix% fifiiJi 

eiqe BecbMa coHHHie jch^l , He CMOipfl na wrb MiorowcjieH- 

HOCTb H SHBHie BoeflHafo ntJLfk. BnpoqeHi, rbkii ni jmf(^jai, 

OHM pacqRTUBaJDi He ua OAHy cboio CHiy, a eqe Ha to pac- 

noJioseHie) ROTopuM'b noibsoBajca Bhtobti> bi^ jorroBGiopyc- 

cROHi> rocyAapcTB^ drorb pac^erb OKaaaica Bnonlb Btpniurb: 

4Hmb TOibRo pacnojosRicfl BHioBT'b npoTHBi ipHBaro ropo^a, 

KaRi CO Bcftxi cTopoH^b cTBiH c6trai%CR Ri HeMy junoBiiii 

ii pyccRie h SHavHTeibHO yBeimHJH ero BoitcRo. 4 ceHTfltfps 

oTRpiuacb RaHOHBAa H nepBUH ycHjdfl ocaxA&H)qHrb o6pan- 

iHCb npoTHBi RpHBaro ropoxa, ho, c'b oaho8 cropofiu, Torxaui- 

Hie apTHJijepittcRie ceapiiAU hmo BpexHJH ero acP^bsbuuhi 

yKpftnjieHbflM'b'^S a ci APyfoft rapHH30H% ero 6uM!b ran 

MHoroqHCJieH'b, qro He 6uio BosiioaaiocTH BsaTb ero CHJOH>'^^ 

Ecih6u rapHHdOffb aioTb 6uxb ipaOpi h Bftpeni, to HHRorAa 

He BBfljH 6u saiiRa, CRaseBl^ cjobbmh KH6ypra, ho kl Ton 

TO H f!bio^ mo BHToarb ycn%;rb BoiiTX bi CHOuieHiH cb ocas- 

AeHHUMH, Hamen MesAT hhhh npHBepseHi^eBi h bi to Bpe- 

MH, RBRl OHH WMTM Wb HtCROlbRHXl Ml^CTaXl> FOpOAl^ BO- 

BeJTb CBOH Boficaa hb npHCTyoi. EpHBott saHOR^ 6}u% bsbti; 
14,000 yeiOBl^Ri noni6u orb Mew hih nonajucb bi* hjAhi, 
HJH croptiE Bi orfil^ nosapa , norJOTHBUiaro BCt TOBapu h 
Bce CHeceHHoe SHTejaim HMyqecTBo. He coacca h ICopHrejio, 
CMepTejuHO nopaxeHHbitt HeyBHaBuiHMii ero BOHHOM'b, bi> to 
BpeMH, RBRi Oteaji Hsi HHSuflro saMRa Bi BepiBitt. Tenepb 
ocasAaiOH4e aneprHuecRH noaejiH arraRy^ na aepxHift 3aiiORi»; 
HXi apnujiepittcRift oroHb 6iijrb tbri cHJieHii vro BaH^RH* 



— 215 — 

RaM'B Baua Tpefioeajiocb MHoro AymeBHOlt 6oxpoctr, qioSi vh 

oAflo Bpeiu oTpaxaTb HanaAaiDiqHXi h HcnpaBjmrb noBpesxe- 

Hifl cT&H'b. nojLBKH, BnepBue HBHEOiiecfl san^HiiKaiin co6ah- 

HMBfflarocfl CTb HHMH BBpoAB , GOBepmaiR qyA6ca xpaSpoCTH h 

UtJiufl HHTb HOA'bJib ofipaqajH B^ HHqio bcA ycHJiia ocasAa- 

loiaHxab. Cko^o oaaaKOMacB ci> mI^cthumh o6cTOflTejn>OTBdiiH h 

(Tb ;iyxoMi iiaefJieHifl, ohh yHAHJiHCb, qio flreuo HenoAao* 

Bajcfl HH jio6oBbiO) HE npeAaHHOcTbH) HapOAa, iioTOMy, ocHOBa- 

TejR»Ho oliaoasob HBirbRU, ohh hb irepBuxii se nopaxi BUTHaJiH 

HBi aauut Bcftxi jnrroBi^eB'b h pyccRiix'b h, npotorpaBi Ta- 

KHn oGpasoMi wh wcjrb, BuarpajH bi eAHHOAynriii h BOOJH'b 

orpaxHJH C66fl on nawbrni. HeMOAJieHHo daA^AiBaa Bclb or- 

KpueaBmiflCH bi CTbHaxi OpemH, ci roTOBHOCTbio BaHHMaa 

oqHniaBnieecfl m^cto naBmaro TOBapan^a, ohh ynoipeOHJiH act 

cpeACTBa^ KOTopHMH TorAaiHHee HCRyccTBO BaiqHiqaio Rp'bnocT- 

HUfl cTbRu oTh aMctbii apTHuepiH. MesAy npo^Hnii, HejibSA 

ue ynoMHHyrb o tojictuxi SBfbpHHUxi niKypax'b, KOTopua 

pa^Bi^iDHBajDicb no crbaairb a*k& Toro , nro6u npHHHMaTb hb 

ce6fl aprujepiflciie caapiwi h, ocja6jiflH hxi A^flCTBie, npoA- 

oxpaHHTb TaiHirb oSpasoHi ct^hu orb paspymeHifl ^^'. Hh- 

Baiifl yrpoBu ooasABion^HX'b He Mom ocj[a6HTb Ayxi repofl- 

cKaro rapHHdOHa h rojoBa BopHrejiJia, noRasaHHaa eiiy hb ror- 

^t RonbH, TOJbRO ycHiHJia Bi aeiTb sejiaRie aogtoBho otoh- 

cTHTb Bpary, nosBOJiRBnieiiy cefift tbrii HenoqTHTe.iibHo o6pa- 

utaibci cb Ti^joHii RopoifeBCRaro Spaia. TaRse mbjio jsfkikcno* 

Ban yKopu HHOCTpaHi^eBi>, cpasaBmaxcfl wb opAeHCROMi> Boit- 

CR%, ocoSeHHO (DpaHi^ysoBi , ROTopue ynpeRaj[n nojiflfiOB'b B'b 

BOAAepXRi flBU^HHROBli npOTHBl XpHdiaHli , Bl> CBOH) o^epeAb 
H «paHiqr8bI He XOTtJIH B^pHTb nOJIRRaMl, ^TO JHITOBI^U HCHO- 
BtAy lOTb OAHy CI HHMH B^py H , no Ay^y BpeMOHH , ptnJH JH 

noROHWTb CHopi cyAOHii BoniHMi, t. e. noeARHROM'b MesAy 
RaSpaflHHMi Cb oStHXi OTopoHi puqapRHH; HasHaqeHHuft B'b 



- 216 — 

flpar'b qpeai HftevoABO wkcmfiKh^ ohi He ooCTOffieir^ bcjI^x- 
cTBie yfifesAeHifi sopojfl pncKaro h qenicsaro BeHpeciaBa, He 
sejaBiiiaro xonycsaib uanpaceoe BpoeonpojiHTie. OTAaeaii hoam- 
Hoe nojbCKiorB saipHTHiisaMii BepxHaro saHxa, mu fie ao^xhu, 
oAHaaos'L, npofiTH MOjqaHieMii , ^to ycn'bxi hxi unoro o6i>- 
HCHaeicfi 6e8npecTaHHU9iH BUiasKaHH, KOTopua ji^Mi'b GsHp- 
rejjo Hsii Tpenaro, soHHiiaeMaro nwb saMKa^ bth BUJiasKii. 
»acTaBJ[fla ocavA^i^iUHXi ^ a^bb h m^b , Siotl b% rorroBHocTH 
oxpasiiTb Hxi, pa3A'6uj[H chiu HenpiaTejifl v noMorajiH noja- 
KaMi y(»itmHO oifiiiBaTb npHCTymi kti aepineHy mmy. He- 
yxava caibHo o8Jio6j8j[a Bhtobtb, ero Aym^BHoe cocroflHie 6bMo 
yasacHo h, iff>1kjsfl ffi RpattHett CTeneaH oxecToqeHia, owb hosbo- 
lajii ce6t nocxynaii, Koiopue oahh TOJbKo cnocoSHbi aavapaTb 
ero cjiBBy- Owb BOoSqe AypHO o6xoAHJca ci lUtHHUHH, a 
Rorxa nonaAajca eny njtdwb Knaxecsaro AOHa, seeioi&ecTb ero 
A&iajiacb oTBpaiHTe JbHOK) ; TaBi» Kaasb UapHMynrb dujci no* 
B'bineH'b, no ero npnaasy, m SjiHsaftoieMii a^P^^ h bohbu 
Bbtobtb npoHH3UBaiH ipyni ero ciptJiaiiH) mto, no cjoBaMii 
CrputtKOBCRaro , ohh a'^Jib^^ih QO npmitpy cBoero raaaa ^^\ 
naxoAHBUiaroca bi 6AiaiOM% poACTBt cl noBimenHbim. 

HaciynaBinie xojoAa '^^ aacTasHja BpecTOHociieB'b CHflTb 
ocaAy H CO cxi^AOirb BOSBpaxHTbca bi Hpycciio; hh ^Hciea- 
uocTb Boflcaa, hh CHia apiHJiJiepiH ne homotih bsbtb apt- 
nocTb , pacnoj[oseHHyK) na xaRofi auroAHoft m^cthooth h sa- 
u^Bu^aeHyH) xpa6puMi> h B^pRbOfb rapHH30Hoini ; axa neyAa^a 
SjiHCTaiejibHo noATBepAHia H'&GBOJibRO no3AHi^e Bupasennoe Mat- 
uie KnSypra'^^ 

ToTqacb no yAaJtema HenpiaiejiH, npH6uj'B wb JlHTsy 
RveiAO c^ cbtcTHUfliH npHuacaHH ^ CTOJb aeoSxoAHioiMH j^^n 
rojioAaiou^eJ} 9 onycTouieHaott orpaHU h cb nyiuaaMH n Boeu- 
HMMH caapaAaHH hm Aaabaiitmefi boAhu, u6i> ORonqaHiH bo- 
Topoft HHRTo emfi ne AyvajTb. Oshbhbi raKHMi oOpaaoirb na* 



- 217 - 

xa»H|ifl DHJii jHTOBQesii, lopon xoJseHi Sun osaftoTBTbCfl 
Bee&xa BassnuMx BOnpocoMi* ofrB ynpaueniH BubHU. Hmoiatt 
an HoeKosooa, npocttBHBiui&ofl repottoKoio aaiqiiTOJD BepxRuro 
damca, ptosrejibHO OTiaweaiefl ot^ cBoefl xojishocth^ hoto* 
My MTO, Haicii roBOpu^ ohii, HeBOSMOjmo cb ycirbxoHi epo^ 
T0BHTbCfi MoryjqeoTBeHHQiiy h sacTOioiiy Bpary , sor a^ Mei» 
Hapoxi> Afinueri ttSMtmi ; wh lomj ace iio6ys;^H ero n He- 
opiiiTuoeTH ci KHflaen'^ GKHprejuoMi, apaiae HeAOBOJbHHUiii, 
HTQ cTOjni^ ero locyAapeTBa OTAaiia bi ynpaueaio aicei^aH- 
uy; WBi^eTHaa pftsROCTb ero xapairrepa Morjia . 6uTb acToq^ 
HHROMii BejUHaitiiuixii daxpyAHeaift a gfiw^ oDaeHOcreii a^h 
noibcaaro HpaBBO^ejia Bubau. DpHiHHbi, no aoToptiM'b oraa- 
3iiiBaj|ca Bm^nai^epit , Sbua laai am aeixrb acau a Tasi 
yBaoHiejEbBU , mto aopojib ao^ito ae iion> eattrii eny iipeaii- 
HHKa a mibKo ycHiieiaHi4MH npocbOaMa yxaaocb esy cajioaaTb 
Hcaa aai) Ojieeaai^bi npaaaTb TpyAayio AOJittaocTb. HoBbijt npa« 
sarejib noTpe6oBaji> ceOi dHawTejbaaro noAapinaeaia uarb 
nouciHX^ BOiiHOB'b, CHA^AU^ ropoAi> AOOTaToqab(Mi> aoaave- 
CTBOM^ nynieai» a Boaai^KBX'b CHapaA<»^7 ne 3a6Kuii» lasxe 
citcTBuxi opanacoiTb a nparoTOBaaiuHeb , TaaaifL oSpasoMiy 
cuokoMho BUiaaAaJt'b aoaoit ooaAu, aoiopaa, no Matoiio bcI^xi, 
6jua BeB364bSHa ^^\ 

BpecTOHocHoe aoficao, nocjit aeyAa^iaofi ocaAu BoaapaTHB* 
uiacb Kb HpyeciH), ae aacxajo bi shbuxii aejiaaaro Haraorpa: 
KoapaA'b I^oaaep^ yiiepb 20 aBrycia 1390 roAa '^^^ noci^b 
ero cMepxH bo rjiaaik opA^na^ hbki apeMeaauft npaairrejib, cf aji 
KoB^BA'b BajueapoA'b, BottHOJnoOaaiiit a asaAaufl, Koropufl Jierao 
corjacHJica aa opocbOy DaTOBTa o. hobom^ noxoA'6. ycntmao 
apoAOJuafl oSMaauaaTb £Bpony, Boace ae aaGoracb oSi* aaTe'- 
pecaxi xpaeriaacTBa a AOMoraacb Tonao paeumpeaia rpaaai^ii 
opAeaa , oai paaociajib no paaauirb CTpaaairb sanaAa iiocjia- 
Hie wb pui^apcTBy, aparjiauiaa ero npnaaTb y^aom ai CopbSt 



- 21» - 

Gb flauqiiHBaiiH n oSftqan no^THTb ocoSha aaciyni vecnn 
sacl^/^aHifl sa noqerHUirb ctojioitl. Crapaiiifl ero 6ujih Ti^H-b 
peBHOCTv^e, ^To Bhtobtb, BHA&BiniJt wb to Bpeiiff cboh> xo^b 
3a MOCROBCsaro^ sejHsaro SHflsa, Seiii yse Sojite f^amot" 

HUVL BHBMaHifl C0103HmOHl *^*. OTB'b^aa Ha npKBlIB'B r^aBU 

epxefla^ dottb Bci Hapoxu fiBponu BUCiajiH wh eeiiy cborxi 
iipeACTaBHTejdt : npHom Hfein^bi, nox% Ha^ancTBOM'b Opun- 
pHxa , Mapnrpaoa MiniHiH ^ rpaMBi> Saui^Sypra , Fjietxena h 
n jaywa : epaHqydii ci gmbhumi BycHRO, inoTjaHxi^ h an- 
rjH'iaHC cb jl^yrjiacoirb. DoGJi'bAHeHy He yxaiocb xoomrHyTb 
^biH CBoero npeAHpiariH , ohi hofhSi hb bi 6oh> ci HeBtp- 
Hi«H, a hb nooAHHSt, KOTopufi ^poH8omeJ^, BoitffiTme Gcoj)bi 
Hesxy moTJiaHAi(aMH h anrjiHqaHaMH. EoHpaAi* MjueupoA'b, 1 3 
Mapra 1391 roAa HsSpaHHufi BewEHirb HaracTpoM'b, B-b rasoM 
creneHH 6ujrb osaCoveai drairb oScTOHTMbCTBoirb, Taise^ van 
H oTRpiiBHieiocH noBpAe apasAOH) anrjiBqaHb cb «paHiiy3aiiH^ 
YTo, He cMOTpfl Ha npesnee caoe. nami^peHie ycipoHTb noqerHMi 
cTOJii Kb ReBHrc6epr%, »ejiaff saMHTb ccopy^ oh'b AaJi^b npH- 
Raai HeMeAAeHHO BUOTynaTb. ToibRo noA'b crtHaHH KoBHa 
ornpaBjeno 6fiuo TopsecTBO uo^eTHaro CTOJia cb TaaHifb 6je- 
oROWb H BejRROJ'bnieM'b h 61 tbrhmh rpoMaAHUMH HSAepsRaMR^ 
Ha Raaifl ne plkuiajicfl emfi hh oahhi aejiHaift MarHCTpi. Bcm 
H He ciifjefn Bnojini^ ai^pHTb jitTonHci^aMi, Roropue oi^'&hh- 
aaioTi HSAepaRRU aioft i^epeMoniH b^ 500,000 npyccKHxi rpR* 
BCHT* ■*®, TO BO BCHROM'b cjTy^ai^ HoqeTHuM cTOJTb, ycTpoeHHwft 
BauenpoAOiTb ^ npeaocxopji'b B'b SoraTCTBi h u^eApocTH po3- 
AaHHUxi noAapRoBi, bii BOJiirROJil^niH o6cTaHOBRH aee. uto 6bi.to 
wb BTOMi poA'b npeacAe. GorjacHO ci» asejiaHieirb Bhtobtb^ rpo- 
MBAHoe onoj^enie BpecTOHocueB'b '^^ nanpaBHJiocb nocjift btofo 
wb TpoRam, ctojihi^'6 KeftcTyTa, TOHepb npnHaAJieiKaBiueft Crhp* 
rej[jiy, ho oho aojsho Sbiio BOBapaTHTbCH HaaaA'b, noTOBiy ^ito 
GRHpreJiiio can cseri» TpoRH h onycTomHjrb nvb oRpecT- 



~ 319 - 

Hocn '*% KpecTOBOci^i pHHjiHdb n BubHt, m Ojieciiiiuntt 
noei'bxcMUurb npanipy CRuppeua : npocrpaHeno obojio BHAflu 
Ha 4 HJH 5 MHJb Kb OBpysHOCTH, npeACTafiUJo nyoTUHio, 
Ut Bce 6uM0 BiUKBeHO H padopeHo ao tu h vjs!b Taioe mho- 
rovcieiiHoe boAcko aoibho 6ujio yiiepeTb crb rojOAa ^*^. Ta- 
KiiTb ofipason rjABHaH i^bjib noxoxa, BSfliie TpoHi h Bejib- 
BH, H6 Mom 6iiTb AocTflrayTa; ho pacuTUBaa na npeffaH^ 
HocTb HaceieHifl BHioBxy, pui^apH o6paTHJDicb bi» aanaAByio 
MacTb JbrrBU, bsuh u'bcBOJibBo jspbnoeTeS, oaMH nocTpoHu 

H^BOTOpiia H OTABJU BHTOBTy, BOTOpUfi HacaUJI'b UX'b exoAHB- 
IDRMHCfl Vb Heiiy CO BCbX^ CTOpOHl MtOBUfiMB H pyCCIHMH« 

Call Bhtobtii cb cbokmh toubo JuoAbMH saxBaTHJi saioKi 
HepBemiHJMe h BsaTUXi xaMii wb uAtwb JHTOBi^eB'b h pyor 
cKHXii OTOciwb Kb BMrnnmY MarHcxpy ; Bb AeaaSpi ftuiio 
Bdffio. TpoAHO M TaB»o OTABHO CMy me. OeHaibHaa ywcTb ho^ 
CTHraia bi btbxi* cjiyqaflxi> bojuikobi, BOTOpuxii Be6oj[bHiA6 
oipaAU Sum nocTaajeau m acbxi* BasaiitiBHX'b ropoAax%». 
iribpoHTHO A<8 ToiH^ , «i7o6u yAepsHBaib Hacejeme orb HantHu. 
^laraa onHcajBae ntxoAa 1391 roAa, A^se y^opAeaoMBXii jt^to^ 
BHci^eBi, Banp. y JlHHAeB&iaTa, mu buhochhi* yStsAOHie, qio 
ycntea npyccBExii pui^apeft rjaaiuM'b ofipaamub o6iflCHflioTca 
coqyBCTBfteM'b aapoxa B'b BaroBTy^ Bovopuft CAaaan eay aplb- 
noen nocjift HesHaqaxejibHaro conpoTHBAeHia. CociaBJUiBmie 
HacTb rapHH30H0Bi» nojaBH, oOuiHoaeHHO, danHpaiacb B'b aa- 
xoA fiii6yAb OTA^jibBott CauiH'b h conpoTHBJiajuiGb ao nocji^A* 
Hefi BpattaoGTH; ai mnu/b bohi^obii ohh Bce tubh CuBam 
npBHy»Aa<)iiu Bb cmsmt h lorAa Aoporo aiaTBiH 3a CBoe 6ia- 
ropoAHoe yoopcTBO, TaBi> npu aaariH FpoAHa 15 bsbtiiIXi bii 
lUbH'b 6bijui ySHTU^ a APyn^ orocjaau a^ npyccito >^^. Ta^er- 
Hu 5iUH ycHJoa GBapreua ocTaHOBRTb yonixH HenpiaTeia, 
uaapacHO AieacaBAP'b BaryRTb ocaasAaAb HeftrapA'b hjih Pbt- 
xepcaepAepii ^ OH'b AOiseni 5uji^ OTCiyniiTb cb ypoHOifb, a 



— 220 - 
vb cjtxyioqeM'b roxy KopH5yrB dim Ha roM»y paaOim 

Taioft 6jiHCf aTOJbHufi yonftx'^ h Bceo6i^ paenojiosefiie 
Ri BuTOBTy ne komv He c^ftJiaTb exABHaro BneqarjrbmH aa 
flreua: «h yapHJTB Kopojib h KHfl3b Bejnmli CnprattJO>, ro- 
Bopgrs jiHTOBCRan jrbfoiiHOb, tno yse HesoBMomo yxepHEaTH 
aeMiH JOiTOBCRifl npeA% Bej[HRHMi» SHflseMi Bhtmtoitbs^^^. Ra- 
aajocb 6h, mto nonoSHoe saunqenie AOiasuBaerb roshKo eiB- 
6ooTb flpeiia , «o aneprH^ecBoe conpoTHBiefiie nojLiatnrh n\m 
ooax'b ropoxoBi ^oimo 6uio BHyniHTb eMy loicib o BBexeHw 
B^ JiHTBy (k)ji^e 3HB<iHTejibHaro , noACBaro BoficKa a, nojia 
OHO Sy^en cAepsHBarb pufapefl , cA^aTb bs nojibsy ero 
AHBepciio H HanacTb hb Ilpyeeiio, co ocopoHbi OojibmB. He 6ujo 
flexocTBTBa Bi HOBOAax'b Ri BoftH'b nesAy HoibmeD h Ilpyc- 
cieil; ecn pse npHUHMBTb BsnaAi* opAOHa, Roropuit, ho 
npHBHaBaa coexBHeHia cb Hei) JIhtbu, Boeaaji^b ei iH)CJri^AH^f> h 
aejajTb 6uTb vb MBpib (yL nepBoio, Bce tbrh Btrrp^^af m dodU' 
TiH, ROTopbiX'B 6tiiio AOOTaTOUO f^JiE oROH^BTejibHaro paspbiBa. 
HeyAOBoibCTBia no noBOAy Ao6pH»sRoi seMjiH hjh MHxa 3jio- 
Topm^^^ npBBeiB yxenojiaROBi r'b BOopyseBHott cxBaTR'6c:b 
opAeHON%, sa ROTopoi^ iiorjo nocjri^AoaaTb OTRptiTie Boeeraxi 
A'bitoTBiil ; ho Sieuo ue mn hb aero pAmHTbca npesA^, w^wh 
ycTpourb iHTOBGRopyccioe rocyAapcTBO. JtHTOBi^ia h pyccKie 
noMTH 6e3i> c(HipoTHBjmifl oTABBajiHCb BHTOBTy ; GRHprejMO Bce 
dojrbe naASiJrb bi* o6n^ecTBeHHon HHi^HiH ; Hi^Topbie jhtob- 

CRre KHHBbH OCM^biHBaJIHCb BBOAHTb OrpBHRWHie B% CB0» flpM* 

cffry fireuy n o6tntaj[H oMy HOBHHOBaTbca TOJbKO no c^epn 
Bhtobtb '^^, Bce BTO 6biiH ^aRTu TdBoro CBoflciiBa, vto npuMO 
yRasuBajiH Ha 6jiH3Rift nepexoAi» aeeft Jivbu B'b pyRH Bhtob- 
la ; AonycTHTb se dxorb HepexoAi> 6ujio ace paBHo , mto tfi- 

nyCTHTb CODBli MeSAy •'iHTBOIt) H OpACHOlTb HpOTHBl DoJBIBR- 



- 221 - 

G'B xpyrol cTopoHU, Areuo eqe HexaBHO yf^t^HicH bi^ toits, 

iTo He Boer Aa MoaHO nojiaraTMH na noiflsoBi : ohi ae Ba6u jl 

eiqe CBoero noxajifk bi JiHTBy B'lb Hawjit 1390 roAa ^ Korxa 

nooijb SjbrciBa fiiiTOBTa, on% npiuiejrb saxaaTavb ero aaMRH, 

nouiH, He cTftcHfiacB) ocxaBiuiH ero opexR HenpiHTejBCBoS 

CTpaui, onjMUBAUBafl CBoe noaeAaHie vpyAfiOCTiHH dHMHaro ho- 

xo^a. ^T0 me BUTeaajio h81> 9thxi» cooCpaseaifl ? Hynao Ohio 

BTopoft paari cKiOHHTbca npeA'B Bbtobtoh'b^ Kymrrb HHpi y^oB- 

leTBopeHieM'b ero sejanift h, cA^JiaB'B ero ewl apara ApyroMi, 

BitcTft yAapHTb Ha op;ieHii. Jifluio yse oScTOflreiMTBa yea- 

3UBajDi Ha aTo, Ras% hb eAHHCTB6HHiiil HCiOA'L m% Tflroer- 

Haro no4oseHifl, bii Roiopoe flrejiio cauii ce6fl nocTBBHn, ro 

ynopHoe HemejiaHie cosHaBaubca wb co6cTBeHHUX'ii omnSKaxi, 

qepia ero xapatTepa, cooSmiaeiiafl AjiyroiiieHi> h BOTopyiD hu 

HacTo SyABHi saMfi^aTb wb Hem, aaoraBiHio ero a^btb ho- 

BUfl oiohSkh, nocitAeTBieiTL Roiopux'b 6iuo onycTomeHie poA- 

BoM cTpaHU y uanpacHoe ipotonpourie h osjoOieme npoTHB'B 

Hero pyccKHxi h anoBupB^.' He cKope, oAHaKOMi, niffiH6jr& 

wh wb xaaoMy ^saKJiDqemio : pyioBOAamtt jeh^humi «iyBCT- 

BOH'b, OHB oTABiii JHiBy Csipreuy h, xoth He oueqajioii npo- 

Hii^aTejibiiocTKH^ Bi nepauit, ase roA'b ero HpaajieHLH aaHftxHJTB 

bCK) HeyAa^y CAtiaHnaro BH6opa ; HsSpaHHuB oRaaajiCH He wh 

CHiaxii pyiOBOABTb JIhtboio bi BacTymiBuiee cnyTHoe Bpeiuf, 

noxpefioBajUKSb noMoipi nojbCBHX'L obhobi^) paaAaqa AoxBBooTeft 

KyiopuMi^ He apaBHjacb napoAy h, rotab OKHprejuio nepeceo- 

PHJca H OB HHHH, TorAB TOARo firejiJiy npHRiJia Hucjib noji- 

HQMi> ero yeTpanemH orb ynpaBiemfl BeiHRHMii RHaseoTBOHi. 

QorepflBi yse msh HHoro BpoHeHH h yfi^AaBiimcb wb HeoS-* 

xoAHHocn yABieHia fipaia, flreuo, no oaoesiy xapaRiepy, see 

en^e RoieCajicfl fl ROjeSamflMH ero, roho^ho, AOJUReaii 6uji bog* 

QoibdOBaTbca GBHpreiJo. BucTaBua cboh sacjiyrn ohb aobojii 

HeptHiMTejibHaro ROpoJia ffi xoro, tro ohi oTRaaaaca ot'b npH* 



— 222 — 

liHTaro pi^meHifl ii sa eefiMi wb Kopqmlb, 25 hu 1391 roxa, 
;][ajis fieiHROMy Kuasio iiHc^MeuMoe oSfldaxejibCTBo HMKOMy He 
oTjiaBaib BhjuiHU^ BiTeGcEa^ Mepeqa h TpoAHa, Kpoiti ero h 
er^ iiacjii&AHiuiofii» '^^. ycnQSoeuauft aa cqerB oBoeil Oyxm* 
flOjCTH, CRHpreJMo He AyMa4']k o6% HSMftHema caoero odpaaa 
sasHH H xsipajrrepa, no opesHeMy 6uxh BeaodxepxeHi i 
C£op'i> aa ocsopOjeHiH h norony qHGio aparoai ero Bce yae- 
lawBaJiook ^ a noAA^HHue toimmh nepeMraju Kb BflToary. 
flrejiJio onflTb aaqimaeT'L ROJceCaibCH, ohhtb AyMaen ofrB ero 
ycTpaaeHiH ii) BcerAa pyKOBOAflCb TOibKO jnaiOM'B nyBCTBon, 
BH5iipaeTii Ha ero mI^cto AieacaHApa BnryHTa, aoToparo ohi 
juo^MA'h 6ojte Bctxi APyruxi* Spaibea^ *^®. Ri coxaiAaiio, 
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yMepx mwb paao a nwb p^ako aajiflJiCH A^ttcrsyioiqHMi ih- 
iieMii, ^TO TpyAHO cocTaBHTb ee6t acaoe noHHiie o ero noc^ 
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Maititmaro aaMeaa, bo BTopuxii noAoSautt caoeoSii i36aBiHTbCfl 
DTI aparoBii 6iwh Boace ae e% xapaaTep'& BaToaxa. Ohi 
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aaa^ aoatpaxb oSaaaeaiHi, qxo oai aomejTb vb caomeaii ci 
ciyraiia AieaoaaApa a yroBopaji axb oxpaaaxb caoero rhhsi. 
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B-fepaxb, noxoMy «ixo aaaem yqaexb Kettcxyxa^ ao ae Moxein» 
o6BHHHXb Baxobxa Bb xaKott aasaoM aaxparft. Gaaum jyv- 
Di^M'b A0iA3AX0JU>cxB0irb OTO aeBHBaocxa ai axoiiii ciyMaft 



Hoserb ejymTb Moname opxeea, KOToputt, xo mau pasfflw- 
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jipecTynjeHUXii, A^^^i^BHieibHUXi h hhhiiuxi, ho HHRorAa He 
MaauBaji'ii 6pftToy6iita|ett. 

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pyBH BHTOBia. Ho ^to xe flbMTh ci GupreiJiOMi , Horofoiit 
efl^e HeABBHO Hoiyun orb Kopoju OHCiiMeHHoe oCasaiaJBCTBO 
coxpaHiTL 3a HHMb B 6ro noTOMCTBOiTb BHAHy H fifi. ropoAB? 
dro o6aaaTeJibCTfio , laKi bhaho , hhciouio hc CesnoiOHrB 
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H, yOtsAaa ero bi hooGxoahmocth npHUHpemfl cb Bhtobtom^i 
yroBapHBaerb BOdBpamb any HacjiACTBeHHUfl ero BjaAft^ 
Hifi, TaMMi» oSpasoMi Cupreijqf npaxoAHiocb nosepTBOBaib 

TOJDbKO TpOBBMH. OH'B COPJiaGHJICfl H HO oSn^OMy HXl CO- 

Bftxy nociaHi 6uii> wb Ilpycoii) reHpHXb, cuhi MasoBei^* 
fiaro KHfldB SeMOBHxa^ HOCHBuiift iHTyib enHCKOna nioiqcaro, 
xoTfl He aojiy^HBmiil eqe OKOH^aTOJibHaro nocBfln^ema \ CsHp*' 
rejijio AyMaeTb, mo eiiy nopy^eHO upeAJOSHTb BHTOBxy 
TouRO BeiuH, HaxoAHBmiacH bo BjaAi^HiH SettcTyia, ho 
TeHpHxi, ynoiHOMoqeHHuM flreuoMi, iipeAflaraerb eiiy bcio 

JlHTBy ''^ 

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CTolHiJtmaro H8b 6paTbeBi», a pflAb HcmiiaHHUx'b nopaseHiM 



BHexaBiHi'B Bhtobte BparoiTB ctoa erpamHUMB, 9rd xeiMie 
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Puurajy h cBopo noioMi seHUoa na pett ; xpyAHfee dujo bo 
BTopefi pa3i» o5ffaHyTb dAirrejbHOCTb opxena h yttTi co BctMi 

pOAGTB6HUHKaMH H 6(Mipa]UI^ R0T0pU6 fi}UK HOpyBOiD erO Btp 

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tiojibinaB ^acTb wrb, BspoueH'L, yase ooeAHHHJacb ci» Shtob- 
TOm ; Bena ero en^e bi KOHi^i^ 1 39 1 r. HpoGHja BeiHEaro Ma 
FHCTpa, omycnTB ee ki> Hyflsy, KOToputt HaxoAHacfl Tor^a n 
TpoxHt; oua RaAtsjiacb , m:o CBOHUb npHcyroTBien Mesxy 
pyecBHHH H jiiiTOBi^aMii , yHHUTOSHTb BecbMa ocRopdirrejbHul 
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BCi'bA'^ sa Heft h cMOJieHCBaTO khbsh , ROTopbift ao i^oro ape- 
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wb Heiiy fia tomti ocHOBamH, qio opAeHi^ AocraToqao yase Hd- 
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H SeBcxpaexHUMB bl APjrHXi oxHOuieniflx^ ; onyexooieHie 
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- m - 

n, scKiM^piaM BmMiTiv AykiriB Ko&^npbCH Beiorearo KB^Myiff 
ff cepme ero bi Ta«oil crerreHH oTBepfltJo, nxo, rbki mosho 

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ero wb dTOMii iipecrynjieHiii, to, ROHe^Ho, hosho Haflrff onpas- 
pHie B'B ToiTL, qro 9Th cpeACTBa 6hih eARHCTBeHnmH, roto- 
pufl MorjiH npiiBecni ri qftjll, ho 3a noAo6HBiMi onpaB;(aHieMi>, 
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oHi ynoTpe0jiffj% iixi n TorAa, Ror^a b^ hrxi ne Sujio oco- 
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cifo oTBOcarb Kb caMomy roui^ 1391 ro^a, noTOMy qfo ero; 
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HibcROJibRO secTOROCTb HpHflflTaro pibmeflifl , ho fleJibBfl fie aa^ 

15 



— 2)6 — 

HtxETb^ ^TO caxoe pftmeHid ho 61110 6u npsHiro, ecnSi ro- 
jocB cepAi^a He sarjyiuajiCH qecToiioSieMi. 

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mei) R JIflTBOK). 



— »7 ~ 

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reuoMB H cMOJioHCRHM'b RHflseifb H)pieH'b GBHTOcjiaBHqeif^, 
BucTyimxB npoTHB'b RpeacRaro RHflaa h iipuHyAHj'b ero bos* 
BpaTHTb BHTeScR'b. BasBJiocb, UTO GBHApHrejiJO ycnoaoHJicH^ 
HO He npomjio Hi^cROibRO iri^cai^eB'b, rbri obi Stsan bi 
Bpycciio H oTABJicfl noAi noapoBHTejibCTBO aejiHRaro mb 

THCTpa ••®. 

Tbrobu 6kuih 6iHsafiniifl nocii^ACTBifl aoaBpanteHia Bh- 
TOBTB H CI BTHi'b Hopii flrcjuo mfi 6ojr6e norpysaeTCfl vb 



_ 890 ~ 

oji«X06THoe SesfflbfteTBie ; m nepButt nian BUAraraerof Be- 
jmaBafl n^HOCTb CoraTupH JhtbUi BJBBBie h ciaBa loro- 
paro oAHfiaRQBO <n!8iiBanTCff bi eoc^xHett PycH, vb arxaies- 
Hux.'b cwma!h TaiapcRHU, Et Ilpyccui, DoJibiuft h xftse n 
caMott cpexHHb raiiaHoiott nmepiH. 



KOHEI^'B IIEPBOft ^AGTH. 



nPHM^HAHia. 

1 . ApXHBl RCTOpRKO*IOpHAH<16CIHX1i CBtAtNltt, OTHOCIIOBXCJI AO POCCIH, 

WA. H. KaiaqoBUMi. KHHrn BTopoft ooJOBRHa BTopai. Crp. 45 h 53. 

2. iUyrpaii IX, 988 h X, 114f ii3a. jeftoaHrcioe. 

3. iUyroini X, 116. YI^ 599. 

4. Teodora Narbulta, Pomniejsze pi8iDabi8lorycxne...Wilno. 1856, 
crp. 100—101. 

5. Cm. AHeBHHii Kadypra n npHJOseidH. 

6. Dsieje korony polskiej i wieikiego ksif stwa liiewskiego, od roku 
1380 do 1535, przez Bernarda z Rachtamowitc Wapowskiego. Ilepe- 
BOA'B Ch jaTRBCxaro hh noACRift HaJHROBCRaro. BRjbRO 1847, I, 81. 

7. Cm. AReBBHii KH6ypra. 

8. Ibidem. 

9. Wapowski I, 80. 

10. ^HeBBHRi KH6ypra. 

11. Wapowski I, 80, 81. Aiyroiwh X, 117. 

12. RB6ypr&. 

13 Cm. 9Hei CBJbBia bi Niemcevicz^a, Zbior pami^tnikow o daw- 
niej Polszcze. Warszawa, 1822, crp. 9 h 10. Cp. KB6ypra o Tom me. 

14. Kfldyprb. 

15. Wapowski I, 81. 

16. ^Jyroun X, 116, Wapowaki I, 82. 

17. Wapowski I, 22. 

18. Zbior... Nieincevicz'a, crp. 10. 

19. Dzieje Kriyiakow, oraz ich stosunki z Poiskq, Litw^ i Prua- 
sami... przez Leona Rogalskiego. Warazawa 1S46, c«. 1-ft lowh. 

20. Pomn. piama hisioryczne. 35 crp, 

21. JtTOHHCb, H3A. 4aHBJ0BneHi 169—170. Pomn. pisina hialo- 
ry czne. 85—89. 



— 232 - 

22: Cm. BunecRH hsi HeHSiaHHaro coHBHeiiiH KapjiHHBja d'Ailli y 
Hap6yTR, si cro ncTopia, I, 388. 

23. KH6ypr%. 

24. Co^HHeaie d'Ailli bi JHToacRoft HCTopiH Hap^yra I, 388. 

25. KH6ypn». 

26. Hap6. HCTopifl V, Dodalek I. 

27. KH6ypri. 

28. Cm. onHcauie ocbau Mapieaeepiepa y Voigt, Geschichte Preas* 
sens V, H Bi Sksrb'ali ^auBJOB^a, 1> 252.- -'• 

29. 2ycie domowe Jadwigi i JageNa^ prez Alexandra Przer 
dzieckiego, 55. 

30. Obraz Lilwy... Jaroszewicza I, 79. 

31. KH6ypn». 

32. y.Ka6ypra H bi paaauxi Htcraxi BCTopia Hspdyra^ 

33. KH6yprfc. 

34. JlMyrourb no A'b 1382. 

35. CTpufiROBCKifl II, 57, bsa^' 1846 r. , 

36. Poniniki do dzirjow Litwy, crp. 22. 

37. «B^JHKaa RHarHiia Mapia flppcjBBOBHa yconiue hb naMaTb ope- 
no4o6Baro HjapioHa», ((BejHRau RaariiBa lOjiauaa AjeHcampoBua, ao cb. 
cxHMt, llliipia, yconiuc aa naHBTb ca. AnocTOJa CRMeoaa SaiOTan cm. 
Pomn. pisma historyczne, 83 crp , nocjtAaaa BMnaci*, npHnucuBaioaiai 
HMB MapiH lOiiaHH-b, no4TBep»4aeTca CBHAtreibCTBOHi, Roropoe Baxo^Hi^ 
BO MBoraxi pyccRHxi JtxonBcaxi, no^i |392r., lAt roBopBTca 4)6i ei 
CHepTB Bi HOHamecROMi caat, npHHHiiHa ROiopuft oaa Hnseajacb Mapiefi. 

38. Latopisiec Litwy i kronika ru^ka B34. 4^BHJ0BH(ieMi, crp. 29. 

39. Jadwiga . i Jag^Uo... przez Karqla Szajnoch^. We Lwowic, 
1861, I, 309. 

40. HcTopia H8p6yTa lY, reaeaJoraqecRaa Ta6jima. 

41. IlMteMi BccoMH'feHBua CBB4tTejbCT3a, HTO ecju6u KeitcTyn sa 
xoTtJi 6uTB aeJHRBMi RRaaoHi, TO jcrao morh 6u sto cAtiaTb. Voigr, 
Geschichte Preussens V, 287. 

42 Hepaaa ncKOBcaaa Jtronucb. 11. C. P. A. IV, 188. 

43. Bropaa ncRQBC^aa itronapb. 

44. Ilepaaa ncRoacRaa Jtronacb. 11. C. P. A. IV, 188. 

45. Ilepaaa BCROBCiaa JitTOOflCb. 11. C. P. J. IV, 193. Krants, Van- 
dalia, lib. IX, cap. VIII. 



- S88 — 

46. JtTonHcem fymiOBRHBj AM fcrp; H. C P. 4. Y,'238.; 

47. HoBropoicsaa lY h ip. JtroDHCSi cm. raise oooaiHid 6BTBti 
y Kapaaanaa Cojosbeaa. 

48. Krantz, Vandaita, lib. IX, Cap. 8, ^ 

49. JtTOflHcem 4*ttiiMBqa, 198. Ponniki do dxiejiow Litwj, 24. 

50. JtTonaceii'fc Ambmobvlhb t98. LindenUMl, mA» 1823> 4T cTp. 
II. C P. J. IV, 193. 

51. JtroDHoeiTb 4*iiuoBa<ia, 169 crp. 0. C. P. A- III, 83. : 

52. HoaropoAoaaa IV ji iipyria. 

53. Wigaodi Marbiirgensia Chrontcoti, aai.Pawuii>R»roB 4N)AxTa, 18(>» 

54. 4iyroiirb IX, 1093. 

55. Voigl V, 146—147. 

56. Voigl V, 148—149. CtpultK^BarUt II, 86. . 

57. Voigl V, 46. 

58. KH6yprb. 

59. Voigl V, 29t. 

60. Kdteryr'fc 6um%. bo rjast nocojfaevaa, jiocAaNBaro .Q»rf?pyiOM> 
Kh nmnepnofy Kapijr IV.. Hap6yTa vcropia, V, 88. 

61. Hcropia Hapfi. V, 260. 

62. JiBftyvh V, 244—245. :' 

63. HBp6>» V, 246, 47 h Voigt V, 280'-291. 

64. Voigl V, 294. 
65: Hap6yrb V, 246. 

66. Kodex dyploinalyrzny Liiwy, £dwarda Raczynskiegos w Wro^ 
elawiu, 1845, 53 — 55 ot)|. 

67. Tan bit 1367 roAy 'iaaoiicKiA MarncTpb Bvuhreikn BawMr- 
MBJi €% BejHWBVi r«H«aeii'b (XibrepAOMi mBjfh^ BOTOpuA iQMMewy 6uaii 
pacopocTpaiiaTboa TOibKO aa fy qaiQTb roeyAapcTsa, KOTopea jaataja bo 
aanaABoft 4«i8t- C«. Codex 4oreja V, 78. 

68. Voigt V, 296, Hap6yT% Y, 258, 259, to«^ a y PorMbcaaro^ 

69. Hap6y7b V, 260. 

70 Pomniki do dziejow 'Lilwy^ 23.. 

71. MesAy npoMBMi BjacTOJio6ie h «iecTOJio6ie flrejja BiipannioTca 
Bi nepeatHt Taryja, KOTopaa coaepiuaiacb a^ aepaiie roiv era unweaia, 
Tail Bi AoroBopt ci opAeuoai ai 1379, on Baauaaorb ce^a: «obir- 
step HarcBOga*, bi ^oroaopt 1390 «obirsler Kung», a n 1382> y«e 
even gotia gnaden fposfi^ k9iig>} oh. Kodex PatmacaavOi 53) :55^ .57i 



— 284 — 

72. Pomniki do dsiejow Lilwy, 23. 

73. Ka6yprB. 

74. Hap6yTa HCTopiH V, dodatek II. 

75. Yoiffl V, 354, Hap6yn V. 129^ Poraociil I, 379. 

76. cSkarbiee* 4anj08vn I. 231, M 469. 

77. Kodez... PaqmcKaro, 55, 56. 

78. Baraim, 261 crp. h Yoigt, V, 361. 

79. ^jrom Haafciaaen ero CyBAmTeftHOVB, a CrputtKOBCEil Ab- 
rycTHHOMi, 8T0 paaaoptqie noiaio 4>oixT]r noaoii aeAOrtpBTb HaatcTin, 
o6BiHaKHiieay lOiaaAopa b% mmtwt opAeay; odoauaaacfc Ha tovb, vto 
ocTepoACian KOvaBAOpoHi ai to apeMa 6im Kjbo «. jBdeamreftn, 
08% OTBepraerB iitjuft «aKr&, bo jaioacBafl xpoBBia, Ha^. Hap6jrToai 
DpflMO roBopHn, TTO KetcTjTa yatAOiiiMi ocrepoACBiA BOiaflAop^ iB6ei- 
inreftai. Cm. Pomniki do dciejow Litwy, 23 crp. 

80. Pomniki do djeiejow Lilwy, 24. 

81. Taxe iHTOBCBafl xpoBMa coo6iiiaeTi o bobomi odcroareACTBt, 
paa4pa«flBmeH% KeAoryra, hmobbo o6% oTAaqt Dojoubb CKvprejjy, rorjii 
BBBi Tan CHAtJi ABipefl rop6aTiiA, cwth Kelcrjrra, bo mu ya» aa- 
AtJH, qTO oojoiuBHi KBaaevb 6uj% AaApeft OibrepAoaBifb, a ae Ret- 
CTyTOBBTb. HaatcTifl HCTOWHKOB'fc o6i aron ABApet, y loroparo Hrejjo 
OTflBvan HojoiiB'b, BecbHB pa8BOo6pa3BU, rtt% KoajOBHTb, clliatoria Lil- 
vaniae I, 361, roBopar& yxe o BoitAaTt, cuat KeftcTyTa, bo 6ojte 
CBpaaeAiBBO paayMTb aAtOi AaApea OibrepAoaflqa, c«. Yoigt, V, 362; 
EBfOyn OTxpiiaioift h BaAaamiA jIitoohci, aoTopaa roaopHTb o6% Aaipet 
rop6aTon, xaflat noioaBon Btpnii ea Hsatctiio, Bupaxaa lOicA, ito 
ABApei rop6aTiiil, wb saqecTat BaiitCTBBBa, ynpaBian IIojoiibobi n 
TO apevfl, ROTAB AHApefl OjfcrepAOBB<r& dtaaji b% Mocaay ; aeoOBBtiBO, 
OABaKo»'»| TO, qro oocJtAaifi obbts ctn aa ooJoaBon cTOit. Ocaia 
IIoJoiiBa CBBprejJon u noTOiiy enie Morja pasApamrb KoAoTyTa, m 
CBBprejjy ooiioraji JBBOflCBift HarHCTpi. 

82. ^Jyromi, CTputtBOBCBifl h Pomniki do dziejow Litwy. 

83. Pomniki do dsiejow Lilwy, 24. 

84. Ibidem. 

85. Voigl V, 354, ai npBBtq. 

86. KoBJOBHVb I, 367. 

87. npflBOAeBBiiA paaciaai o6i eaitali flrejja ocaoaara aa itto- 
BHeat 4BBBJOB0qa (36—37 cTp.) h aa itTomiCH, hba- Bap6yTon (Pom- 



— 9IS - 

niki do ilsiejow Litwy 24-*4S6), n hbhii ooBepiieiim eorjncmi AMyrem'h^ 

CTpuAsoBciit B paacvan cawiro Bsiont, oeataieuiift y 4>oftxTa (V, 371), 

rteb CTpuflte, ii|Hi nsowb corjacwMn Haioseaifl ncrovimoBi BHAtn 

NCBaMene scero cotetia y IIIaiBOXB (JHdwigt iiagello. I, 321,322), 

J nero Hreuo BHCTaajaeTca ae ■aitaaHiom, a ttejoataoai Haraaai, 

xajocTjHainn, aoropui, 6yAjru yatpera v% apeaocjiOiCTBt caoaxi 

CBJ«, ae juiwra aanpacaaro apoapipojaTia a, oco6eaao coot^aAa* Kei* 

CTjTy, opeiiaraAib eHy Mapi, BHToan ca tf JoiodaiMMNafiuo opHaaaaT'a 

apcaaoseaie flrejua a yroBapaJMen oma txan b% njenmaaay; apit- 

xaa^ oas o6a noddammes aoMAoaocaoHy flrejjy, apooa toiuo o c#< 

xpaaeaia xaaaH 4ia caoax'a aoaaoai, flrejjo caioaaen caoero 0OK)3aBaa, 

iaaoHcaaro Haracrpa wh jaiMoeapdtfo n op. h op. B% opaHtaaata n% 

321 crpitiHiit, IDaftB^za 6ea% aaaaaio ocaOaaaia oraepraen oaaAtlreifc^ 

craa jaroaoao-pyceBBjn JtTOBBoet, aaaaaajn 4BiMoaaaea% h Hapdy? 

nmhj raase 4jyroiB* h CrpulBoacaaro ■ oimevk opeAaovraaie BpraBxy* 

aas^ GoapeBeaBflay, aa6uBaa, qro JtToaaeei^'b fymaiOBB^% naaie coapa* 

BeMBVk Rpoat Toro, citiya paacxaay BaraaAa, oqeaa aparaoBy b bobob 

ae TBBMy o6<rroaTeJuOBy, an cava, se aaiitaaa, aoaAaen a% opon* 

aoptvie : Kaicryn b BBToan aoAiiajBCb flreuy, aa«iftn xe 6ujo oBaa*!* 

TyaaTfc BXb, xax% jutaaBBoai, 6p#can vk naphmy a ocyBAaTfc.aa<;BepTb« 

IlBcaaiotl BOCJt BBraaAa b ropasio 6ojte uro TO^aui a o6aroneMhmA Jha^ 

jiea6jarb apooro roaopvrby aToKettrryra BBaToara6iUBCxaaaaBU.BopoaeB% 

Tyra aflaoaara ae Bcroqaflaib, a xa^ecTBO BBcaTeja, xOTopul ca Bayaa- 

Teauiox) JoaxocTbi) aacraajaeri BCToqaBxa roBopan tOj aTo ova Ayaaera. 

88. Hap6yn V, 298. 

89. Pomniki do dziejow Lilwy, 26. 

90. BaraaAi, 310 crp. 

91. ItTOBBceai, bba* 4aBBJ0BBaeBi b Apyrott, B8Aaaaiift Hap6yT0B« 
^yroara, BUBCtocaifl, Orpiiflaoacait, KoaioBB^is, Jyaa 4aBBA%i rp»aay, 
ronacao roaopara o6% yAymeaifl KeMctyTa; eAflacTaeaaoe paaaoplmie 
axi aaajDvaerca ai pasjBHifl nuen yOifliii, xoropue, aaaieTca, opaaBJb- 
w%e aaaaaau b% JtrooBaa Haptfyra. BBraaAi Bara MHp6ypra, oaaaaai aa 
274 crp.: «KyDfltut in captiTttate strangulator », aa 288 roaoparas 
«8ed qaomodo obierit, nemo umfaafli cognovit*, cjtAoaaTejtao can 
ceM opoTBBOptwra b aoroay Boatera 6HTa aMqepaayra bi% vhcjm bcto^- 
aaaoai BToro co6iiTia; JaaAeadjan roaopara (crp. 50), <iTd Keftcryra 
Boaoaqara atmaa caBOy6ilcTaoB%, ao ob% ae Booaat 'b% btobi yBtpea<a 



H napeiieT^ tro Hattciia toako lar^ cjyjcir «(tU man fdgeteH. Pu- 
ciiaa% BuTOtra o BacHACiwiiHott oaepm oma, b'b Koropot on o6Bimerb 
flrejja n Csaprajja a ipyroe xmieceflie, UHftjieuoe vb KevHrc6eprca<nn 
apxHBt, Taixe o6'» yAymem Kettcryra cai. . y. Voigt'a V, 372. Dpi 
raaon eAHRorjaoia raioro aiosecTBa BCToqaBaovB, Basaioa <^ir, wtn 
B09MoxHocTit coiutBaTbca B% BBiiOBHOCTB flrejjB, BO Bi yMmBflyTon 
ooMttHeaiu IDaiflOXi I, S22, 323 h npntq. rt aanrb, HCfptmeu% otbbs- 
Byn ooBHTiiy yimiTOXfln noiaaaBie nctx% hctd«ihhbob% b popoBian 
flrejua bb ooROBBRifi. ojihbx% ooodpaatefliA. BoJte acero oojuepmaen 
oBon imcib niailBOxa yiaaaBieirB aa iiojiiaBie opxeflCBHn Jtronweft, 
TorAB BBKi pimapa, BDOGjtiiOTBiM ajMurie eparB flreija, ae opeasByja 
6h BocBOJUoaaTSca btbbi oMy^em^ motu Aocroftao ovepaoTb ero, bo 
BO i) aro BeoDpaaeAiBBO, BaraBA% roaopBTi ofo yiymeBiH Ketcryn, 
xoTB oocjt, aara 6yAT0 aatiiBaen oaaaaaBoe an, a bo 2) eejmb-h bd 
OABB opiOBCMa itTOBBca 00 cBBaaaB ta HKcymaa ofe oron oo6iiiiH, ■oi* 
•wRie BX'b ftujo 6h noB^THOy ptaiapam BeopiaiiD 611 jo a «ecrB40Bajo ro* 
BopBTKO' DpecryBJOBiH, Bib soTO^iova .yMBCiitt Bra aecoMHtBao: jtroBBci 
HaAe^BM Hap6yTon, BepeqscJia y6iiln Keflcryra oahofo mrh ¥mx% aa- 
aueae'TB:. cMocTOpi 6paT%»s iipof hb^ * qero aa oojarb opBniHaja apaaa- 
caao: •BpuaBaa^w, t. e. pwapfr atMBHaaro opAeaa. Yqacrie puaapi ai 
y6iicTB^ KetoTyTa coaepmeBBO aootbtouo o6%aoBBeTa BOJ^aaie opiei* 
mnrh itioBVceft o poAt ero caeprR. Poihiiiki do dnejow Ulwy^ 26. 

92. BflraBAi. 274. 

93. Hap6yrb Y, 301. 

94. JtTOiuiceai 4aaHJoaHHa 38, Pomniki do dztojow Litwy, 26, 
CTpiiftaoacaii U, 66. 

95. Monamenta variade Ioui8(?)diver8i8.otporsonii(7)» aS»^amone 
Riainio capoaiiB, Lubecae od Chronum in Lilwania, 1823; Edifio pos- 
terior, in officina Petri Plaaiiw Ca. Poflintcjaie pisma hiattfryoine. 29oTp. 

96. pomniki do daiejow Litwy, 23. 

97. CrpuilBOBCRitt II, 63. 

96. Ponii. do dKlejow Lilwy, 26. J#roilacein» fymi^BBW, 36, Hap* 
6yT» V, 304. 

99.*4iyrottra XI, 556, CrpiitBOBOBifl U, 66. 
100. JtfonHoea'a 4HBHi08a^a 39. 
lot Skarbiee 4«BU0B8qa I, 240. 
102. Kodex Pawaenro^ fr7*-60. 



i03. Voigt V, 411—413. 
104. Kodex Pa«tHNCiaro, 60. 

i05. Skarbieo 4aHU0BBqa I^ 243, MM^ 484^ 485, Toigt Y, 
415, 416. 

106. Voigt V, 417, l-e nprnutn. 

107. Volgt, V, 417, 3-6 npmUH. 

108. Bacsko. Geachichte Proasaeos II, 237, Kodex FaqavoKarOt 
62, 63. 

109. Kodex Faqmcxaro^ 64 — 68. 

110. BHraflii 304, iRH4eH6jan 60, Skarblec I, 248, Voigt Y, 
432, npHxtq, 1-e. 

111. Voigt, Ibideii. 
1\2. Myrom X^ 67. 

113. Skarbtoe I, 247, M 492. 
114« Uuf6f7% BCTopia V, dodatek Y* 

115. Skarbiec I, 248, 249, M 493, 494. 

116. Dzioje Bzeczypospoliitg Polsktoj, pnez Jfdrieja Moraczew- 
skiego. PoznaA 1843, I, 126, 127. 

117. Mopaqeaciift I, 21!t^23ft. ' 
na. Volgt :VI, 144. 

.119. Bandtiie, Ina poionk^in 156, 4iyT0in IX, 1102. 

120. Atyrom X, 12. 

121. AMjvan X, 13 h 14 . 

122. Dziek Tadewia Czackiego, zebrane i MFydaM prxoa Htt 
Bdw^ KaesjMkicgo. PoznaA 1843. I, 297. 

123. Mapmeacxil I^ 931. 

124. <Aqritnn IX, 1166. 

125. AiyrmsOb. X, 21. 

126. HampA I,.taMioa e«vah»oyL 

127. Hamul, n, 43, npntq. 44. 

128. %mift^ opeAflcioaie n l*iy TOny. . . 

129. KomHiiKii Aony ueim cm. n Batidtke Jua Polooicutii, * 184, 
6, a vh Voll. legum. . i 

130. Jadwiga i Jagelfo, Szajnoch^ll, .tl7.. 

131. AaoHHirb; vfmwMMmn 9WMmm^l\.' 

132. Aiytonn IX, 1005. 

133. Cm. b% coMBieaiB fflaftaoxiif ao^ U «l»1^ rjaay iiTlHiTOnaa'»». 



- \. I 



» -• . 

c • 



— 288 - 

134. AioraiTE, apxHAiaiovb vBtsaeuMt. 

135. ABOHHm, apxHAiaKomb rBtaaeacKit. 

136. Ju8 Polonicum, Bandtke 187 h Voll. legom 

137. AHOHRVb. apxHiiasoHi rHtaaeHCiift. 

138. ApxHAiaBOHi rataHeHciift Haauaaerb xeatixa Mapui leoDonion, 
HO 4ijroiui R act Apyria CBHAtTeiiieTBa Aaion evy Hiia Bajbrfeibia, 
BVh 4ero CMtgyevh aaUDMfCTfc, vro apxRiiHioui oaia6ci. 

139. ApxHiiasoHi rHtaBeHCRift. 

140. Jadwiga i JageHo, Szajnoch§ II, npowfe^. k% 172 cip. 

141. ^yronn. X, 83. 

142. ApxRAiaBOBi rBtaaeHCBili. 

143. Stengel, Scriptores rerum sileaicaroai I* 1S3. 

144. B% HSJoveHiH bthxi co6uTifi oojbcxoft HcropiH rjasHUHR hcto^i 
HHsaHH 6ujH apxHAiaiOHi rRtaHeRCBifl B Aiytottrky a BOCo6ijiHH coqueiii 
OlaflHOXR, MopaqeacRaro, rpa«a Craipmiicaro (Synow^ Gedymina), Rao* 
xaro B 4p* 

145. 4jyroiiri X, 2, 3, 4. 

146. iUyrom X« 4. 

147. Pomniki do dziejow Litwy. 27. 

148. ^Jyrom otbochtb ooHcaBBOe codinie k% i370 roiiy, a la- 
TOBCKO-pyccRia JtrdBHCR n 1384 h RpmnckBann 8f0t% noxoi^ flrei- 
jy I BO eABa me nocjtAaee cnpaBeAJHBO : BCitn aa Brnn paaimaaoin an 
BaqflBaeTCR aecbHa aenojBoe h BeroHBoe onHcaaie op6iiTil no oBepn 
RaaHMipt BeMwaro^ flABHni Raauaaercfl ero AOnepftRi, tbvb ^no, o>ieBBAVO, 
jtTODBceirfc Be aaan Toro nepioAa noibcaoft ■CT0piH,'K0TOpiil o6HMaen 
Dpaajeaie Jwaobhrb h cjy4HBuieecfl no enepTi KaaiHipt ortman ci 
TtvB, qro 6ujo no cuepTH Jdaobbbb. CflptaeAiiwo aavtanon ipaians 
aeroviocTfc wb xpoBOjorin jbtobcxhxi jtronHceft h npe/niouTaRyra bbI} 
B% BTom cjyqat, ^Jyronia, xora h n ero HctopiR BcrptueToa laoro 

149. JUyronr&9 IX, 1007. 

150. MopaqeBCBifi, I, 253. 

151. ApxRAiaROBi rBlaaeBcxifl. 

152. iUyrouTB. X, 35, 86. 

153. AMjrourbf X, 37, ApxHAiaROBi rntaieneiii. 

154. Aiyronn, X, 69. 

16k. ApZHAiaiOBib iviaRewRUIr 



— M» — 

156. CrpiiltOBeKil D, 67. 

157. Pomniki do dziejow Lilwy. 27. 

158. «II Baqauia Jaxoee ciaTH ch Kpaioaa lo iHaaa) BejaKOVjr 
flraijy, Aa6u npHBUi Bpemeaie CTafwro Paaa h iiohnji 6u B^ hhx% 
RopojesBy, HHeBeiii AiBnrj) ce6t meuoio B craA 6y ai bbx% Kopojeai 
Bi KpaioBi, BB Bceft seHJH ifl4CKoft». Taxi roaoparb o6i btohx co6uTia 
coapeaeRHutt JtrooBceai, uaAaHHutt 4BBRJ0BB<ieHi (crp. 40), ero HsatcTie 
noATBepacAaerca ■ jpyron itTonncbi), asAaflROi) HapdjTOiii (Pomniki do 
dziejow Lilwy 29 crp.). TaKaax o6pa30Vb CTpuftxoacaUt, aoropuil 04bb% 
TOJbBo apRDBCUBaerb Haqaaaaie nt aron Atit flrejjy, roaopa, mto yaaaai 
061 OTjuB«iBux% Ba<iecTBaxi HABBrH, OHi caKi nociajrb eecBaTan.(II, 72), 
oqeBHABO ouiR6aeTca ; aaBtcrie jtTonHciia 48HBJ0BR<ia, xaai novrfl coope- 
aeaaaro coOfiniio, npeABO<iTBTeJi>Rte CrpufiaoacKaro h RpoMt Toro flrejjjr, 
vh 1384 roAy paaopasuieRy nojbuiji Heiaoro cTpaBBO 6ujo, b% aaqajrft 
1385 ro4a, hcxbtb pyaa ea topojeau. 

159. Obi 6iui curb flaa Bbcbjjb, rep6a flcTxeRdem, ajaAtiuia 
BacHjesa bi ApeaBeft flraeaiH, mo nocjt uaauBaiocb bocboactbomi boa- 
jaccKRn, MBTb ero Beara, rep6a jlDdavb, aiaAtja jlDdaauvb; 06a orb 

npORCXOABJfl fl3% BeJBBOft Ilojbiim. 

* 

160. 3Atcb acnOMBflaerca aadieaie ♦paRaacaaBoa'b, soropoRi cr. 
y KB6ypra, vh BpHJOseBia. 

161. My AocjOBBO B04TB BUBHcajB BaatCTio eBBCBOBt AaApe^ 
BVb pyROBROH, aaftAOBBoft vh ynpaaABeiiBOM'b {vh 1837 roAy) Roaaprup^ 
♦paaiiRGRaHOBi vl IIIeAteBnojit, bi jBACKOa-b ytaAt. Orpuaaa aai ava 
aaBewTaBU vh «Pomniej8xe piama hialorycxne* crp, 165. 

162. Cr. KB6ypra b-b BpajoateaiB. 

163. iaTOBCBCh-pyccBii jtroBRGeax, hba. 4.aBBJ0BHBeRi( (crp. 39) 
B Apyroft, B3A. Hap6yT0R% (Pomniki do dziejow LHwy. 87) npaRO roao- 
pan, qro BaroBT'b BOJy<iBj% wh Aniut cbon) OTHBByi t. e. ace, <itvb 
BJBAtjrb oreni ero, citAcraaiao a Tpotta. 

164. Skarbiec 4MHJ0Ba«B, I, 252, Jtf 500 r Codpaaie Apcaaux'b 
rpaROTb H axTOBi... bba. BajeacBBRi rydepaaropoRi CeRaaoaiiR'bt BaibBo 
1843 U, 146, M 55. 

165. Skarbiec I, 251, M 498. Hcropia Hapdyra Y, 352. 

166. Co6cTBeBaua cjobb BBToara; „!Z)a begonfie ^mjcg 3agal t)ie(f 
c)tt fenben qu un0 ftnr Soiam vMo fpnt brirfe uHb mfentf mt^ uff 



— 24a - 

alU m^n fetirli^ er(e unb ftn truwe mfr gffietibe^ cB.y Ybigta 

V, 436. npHHtq. 2. 

167. Cm. 0T3UBI bhX;'^ caiaro Maracrpa y Yoigl'a V, 439. 

168. BHraflAi, 310. 

169. Skarbiec I, 252—3, M 501. 

170. Skarbiec I, 254. 

171. Hapdyra acTopia Y. dodatek II. 

172. JltTonacevi 4aHBJ0BHqa, 39. 

173. n. C. P. A. Y, 228. Aiyrom-b (X, 96) Baausaerb ero 6pa- 
TOUT) flrejja, bo y aero ae 6ujo 6paTa ch raKBai aaeHea'B (ca jtro- 
aacaa bu* 4aBajOBBqe«'b 29 crp., Pomniki do dziejow Litwy 22, IV 
HoBropo4« Jtn 81 IYt.il C. P. 4. crp. 72 a t. a.) CTpuftKOBCfiii 
T^KKe uaauaaerb Eopaca, 6paToa% Hrejja, (11, 72), bo aepe^ucjafl cu- 
HoaeA Ojiiirep4a, Bopaca ae aaauBaerb (11, 57, 58). 

174. Trill cjt4yen» aoaaaarb aaa Elgemolh, apaBO^avoe apxB4i«- 
BoaoMi ralaaeflCKBn. 

175. Skarbiec I, 254, M 507. ^^yronrB, CTpufiKOBCBift a 4p- 

176. Oibrepii xeBajca aa lOjiaBBt TaepcKoft vh 1349 (oo cbb- 
AtTejbCTBy rpoamoft a rycTaacKofi Jtrooaca) aia bi» 1350 r04y (no 
BocapeceacKofi Jtroaaca) a raai aaai, no cjobbmi CTpuftKoacaaro, Hreuo 
6uji nepBUMi peSeBKoai orb BToro 6paBa, to obi aorb po4BTbca okoio 
1351 ro4a. 

177. 4iyrom% X, 103, 104. 

178. Pyabnacaoe npaatqaaie Hap6yTa vh 465 crp. YI Toaa era 
acTopia; aKseaniapi ero acropia co aaoatecTsoai pyaoaacaiurb apaat* 
qaailt xpaaaTca b% BajeacKoft nyfiia^aoft 6a64ioTeBt. 

179. 4iyroiirb, X, 134. 

180. Agyvonn, K, 14S a jtTonaceirfc 4sa>iOBBqa. 

181. 4iyi^uit, X, 136. 

182. Hapdyrb . Y, 487. 

183. 2yci6 doniowe Jadwigi i Jageify a fegeatrow searbowycb. 
1 388--* 1417, przez Alexandra Prsezdxieckiego. Warsaawa 1854. 80 crp. 

184. HaptfyTa acropia, lY, 612. 

185. Cm. Ka6ypra b% npajoxeaia. 

i86. Smollet. Slory of England. Htaloria ^iaata Wilna. BalinsLi 
i; 18». 

167. HoToph flaptfyra, Y, 237. 



188. BarsMt, 310 orp. 

189. Hs'b 28 TfBnoTh ot% RMenn flrrjja, iiAnc4ATaNiiux» bi <«0oii6X 
rliploroaticus I'oloniae... Revszozewski i Muczkowski, Wars^wa 1847» 
T. I. i9 aiiKJioqaiorb e% ce6t noxaJOBaHie 11411 aeiejb, aih jeutTi, fkjm 
opBHHjerit, BjesyiaBxi b« co6om> ■BTepbBJUoe npio6p1iT«Mie. 

190. Aiyrum-h boai 1425 TOAom%. 

191. C«. KH6yprB b% opHJoseBia. 

192. Voigt VII, 3. 

193. Albertrandi, Dwadziegcm szesc IbI panowania WUdyalawa 
JageUy, wyd. przez Fdw. Raczynskiego, Wroclaw. 1845, crp. 196. 

194. ^Jyroiu'^t X, 98. 

195. Earb pyzoiwcett Occo4BBCBaro ; en. Zbigniew Olesaickii pnei 
HUlora dfliela: cPiotr Scarga i jego wiek» Krakow 1854. I, 208. • 

165. iyoie domowe Jadwigi i Jagofly, 55 orp. xapaxiepli 
HrexiB, Bpoirfc jKaaaBBUxi bcto^brrobii, cm. 4i>rcMiia, XI^ 657 — 660, 
CTputaoBCBaro II, 191 b BaBOBCsaro I, 216*~2]8. 

197. /(ijroarb, BanoBCKift I, 61. 

198. SeajnochQ. Jadwiga i JageHo HI, 96. 

199. Tbhi me, I, 160—165. 

200. AMyrtm-h X, 98. 

20 1 Szajnoche. Jadwiga i Jagelfu I, 168. 

202. O BBXl R04po6BO rOBOpBTCfl B% I T. CQMBBeBm UIrSbOXH. 

203. Do cBH4'bTeJbCTBy /Ujrouia, CaBpraiJO cBa3a4% BpeKpacB>[» 
ptqb H4Biir^, BO 4pyrie HCToqBRRa npHnBcyeaDTi ee rh. EopHcy, boto- 
pult rOBOpii4% ee ae fl4BHr'B b% KpoBOBt, a sopojeBt EiHcaBBTt bi By- 
48X1 ; CM. Skarbieo I, 254, M 507. 

204. AJ^yrom X, 97. 

205. 44jroiirb X, 98. 

206. Skarbier, I, 254, M 507. 

207. He 4a4lte, kbri 29 ImiR 1385 r.« Bor4a nocju 4HT0BCBie e4Ba 
ycntJB BUtxBTift 031 Ey4%, 6ujb na4nHcaHa repiioroMi <Aeono4MOM% bo- 
Bai 38BHCb, CKptn4BBiuaB o6fl8aTe4bCTBa, BBEJKHieBBHH moMXy H4BBri)B> H 
ero cuflorb. Praj't, Annates regni Hungariae, II, 174. 

208. Bonpoci* 061 orBOtfieBiBxi fl4BBr0 h% BB4bre4^By we pan 

004po6HO pe8CliaTpBBa4CB B'b nOJbCKOft BCT0pH«ieCB0tt iHTcpBTypt H pli- 

Hiajcfl oDne 6o4^e yTBep4HTe4bfl0i qtn Bypa3B4flcb hu, bi> no4bay 4tfr 
CTBRTe4bBBro aaK4K)WBifl 6pa4Uaro nexAy hhmb coiOBa. Tasoao nataip 

t6 



MopaqeecKaro (Dzieje... h34. 1843, I, 283-^284)- h AewoBcmaro (Kata- 
log biscitpow I kanonikow krokdwsskich. 1852, I, 332), no Illafifioxa bi 
He pcisi y]Ke ynonHHyroirb hhiih coHRHeiiin: JadwigM i Jagello, wydanie 
drngie i poprawne, 1861, bii III t. crp: 339-*— 350, ch ocd6eHHo» 
BHeprien Boacraerb DpatHB-b ravoro j/tuiem» aonpoca, 6pocaionKaro rfen 
aa fliBHry h hb aecb HapoAi noibCKiA. Bir yiNiaBHHOirb w%CTt oirb co- 
6pajii Rct CBH4tTejbCTBf« saHHMaiDiKeiii .bbc^ ootariH h otfiflCHeaien 
BXh yBB^Toxaen mntme cbohxi opoTaaBHKOB^. He cMorpa hb cBibByu 
4iaJ6BTHRy r. fflalhioxii, hb ero ocTpoyuBtta c6jH)R«Hifl, HavTi KaxeTc^, 
Hto npoiOTBBjflOHoe iiiin> TOJiKOBanie rcto«imikob1i ciHiBROMi ojtBocropOBfle 
H OTBuaaeTCfl BenpeNtBHum ycHjicMi AORasarb MUCJb cboid, bo mto 6u 
to Bi CTBJO. Ho f JOBBMi efo, ncfOVRHKH AiB ptweRia BOBpdca o 6paKi 
fliBBTH Ch Bmitreihrnon ' cyrh crfe^yMnuie : 1) 4oRyM«RTU, HanHcaaBue 
sa BpeMfl BX% MBJOJiTCTBa, cojtepxamie »h ce6il BBBHiiflUfl odtmanui exi 
poAflrejeft,- otHocirrejuiu 6yAymaro 6paKa Aliv<ift (orb 1374 ro4a n 
Hergott. Hon. dom. Austr. Ill,' 9; orb 1875, ibidem; on 1378 bi 
Eaton. Histor. crit. X, 643; oTb 1380 b% Hergott, Mon. dom. Auslr. 
in, 9; orb 1381 ibidem IH, 11; orb 1366, ibidem HI, 12); 2) A6- 
6arb aceraRCKaro MOBacTupa bi CnjeaiH, iI]0A0ib4»'b, nHCBBmifi cboio xpo* 
BRRy en^e npR shbhh fl4BHrH, Jtrx 10 hjh 12 cnyerfl, nocjt pascva- 
rpHBaevaro 6paRa, «jeJOBtRtb contcTJHBuft if npaaAHsiift; bi Slenzel, 
Scriptorea return silesicarum I, 218; 3) Hagano j^fonHcetrb, xopouio 
BHaamift BHJbfeibMa, vrh Pez*a, Scriptores rerum Austr. I, 1147, 1148; 

4) 86eR4op«ep%, SHBRoMuft <rb ero npR6jHseBRUiiH ; ibidem, H, 819,820; 

5) Ck^BpeveRBBRi, 6yproH0CTpi Btau, naibtpaifb, ibideBi I, 728; 6} iflBAea- 
6jaTrb, TBEXc coapeMeaHuM aaropi npyccRofi xpoBBRB, ds/. 4>oAxtobi v% 
1823 r. crp. 58; 7) npOAOjacaieib 4yHc6ypra bi Petri de Dusbarg 
Cron. Pruss. edit. Chr. Hartknocli. Jena 1679j crp. +29; 8) HtcBOibio 
nosiBtitmift aaropi tbri BasuaaeMbiH crapeft npyccKoft xpoaaEHBi cDo- 
dik'a Forschongen in Schwedi»n> h y 4*oftxTa b» ero acropia Opyccia V, 
479,*9) dnefi Ci^JbBift, yvepiuift bi 1464 ro4y, n « Opera omnia*.. Basileie 
1551, crp. 416 h 591 h RaROBeir& 10) 4i3nroiii^, yuepmift bi 1480 r. 

Bi AORyaeBTt 13^0 r., oreiKti AxBRra iDiOBBEi tbri roeoparb o 
6pa4BoS qepenoHia, coRepmeBRoS b% r8fta6yprb a* 1378 roiy: «Revc- 
rendisaimua in Chri^lo paler dominua; dominas Demetrius, tunc ar- 
ehiepiscopaa atrigoniensis, notic vero S. RonMinae ecoleaiae cardinalis^ 
eoa (t. e. flUaary a BBArej&iia) Haimbargae, is eoaiesia parociiiali, 



cum (iebita soL'mpnilate, indutus pontificalibu.^, od invicem copulavit, 

ipsiqu** ea iK)cle fiierniit in iino lecto posiii ot oonjinicti*. Borb nepaoe 

aaotcTic o nepuofl 6pa«iHoA lii'peuoHiH, coaepiucHHoft h»a% c^^u'^'^bob 

AtTbHH, KOTopaa, ocraaaacb AtJtoTaaTeJbHU^i 6paMRUMi u6pa4o«i, ae 

Batia^ OAuasovb, o6uKaeaeaByx^ aocJtiCTaitt 6paKa ao moj^aocth cy* 

opyroB^; paacmnpnaaa coriaouo ci eiuwh 6paHayD iiepeiiouUQ, C9Bep- 

lueaayiQ bii Taflao} prD, laai opocrya)- ♦opaaibaocTb, rovh xe Aosyaeuri 

roBopBTb Ani'he: «cum ad 12 aeiatis suae annum perveneril (fl^BBra^ 

praedicto duci Vilhelmo iterum apponere, ut simul habitent el coigu- 

gnlUer invicem vivant, secundum jnstiliam et consuctudinem sacri con- 

jugii*. lizTh AOayacRTa on 29 Idjm 1385 ro4a Hs^tcTHO, hto ooAo6aaro 

ocymecTBjeiiia Cpaaa io aroro ro^a ae nacitAoaaJOi a aaaaaweao oao 

iiepeaii abh aeAtiH, ai KpaaoBlt, okojo Aua ycneaia opeca. Eoropoxam^; 

lu aaaeii'B, «n-o a bto ae aorjo Ouu HcopJineao, raiii kbki ooibciie BaBH 

nptMOoqRTBJH BH^aTb A4Bary aa Hrejja. flupjt 8TBx» cmiAtrencm^ ipiaau* 

Banmnxik, 4to itftcTBaTeibaoe cyopyxecTBo aauiovcHo Be6uJo, aecuiaBaaniO 

noKBsaHie opoAOJacaTeia 4yfic6ypra: «Anno Domini 1385, Polon| do> 

minum Wilhelmum ducem Austriae^ dominao Hedwigi* reginae Poloniae, 

malrimonialilei imo carnaliter copulalum de regno et uxor^ repule- 

runt el dictam dominam contra omnem auam voluDtatem Jagelloni, 

regi Lithuanorum, pagano^ in uxorem irudiderunt, earn ad hoc vi im- 

pellentes, quod ipsa, sictU coaclu, fecit dolorosa* 9tb cjooa jtTonaci^a, 

cTOJb Bbipa3BTejbao noacaaioiaia, hto ^tftcTBHTeJbaoe cyupyacecTao cyo^e 

CTBOBBJO, Ulafluoxa o6iacHaeTi orrojocKOMi o aepeaoalH ruila6yprcKoA, 

r/t, Kaxi uaatcTao, BajbreibMi a H^aHra «in uno lecto positi et con- 

junclin a TAinvb o6pa3oa% npa3aiijeTb.T0«4ecTBeHauHfl nosaaama npo- 

AOJwaToja ^'ac6ypra b auiuenpaBeieaHUxii AOKyHeaTOBi. 9to, aoneqao, 

cuaepmeuBO at^cnpuBeAJaao : noaaeHoaaBaue AoayaeHTU c% oco6eaBOio 

acaocTbK) roBoparb 0611 oOpa4t ai Faftadyprt, anai npocToft ♦opaaib- 

HocTB, npoiOjacBT^jb yo 4yuc6ypra roaopHTi He o6i o6pa4t TOJbKOi 

a o6^ ero nocJtACTaiaxi, BH()qp, aaqtai 6u cay yooTpe6JaTb Bupaxeuia: 

•matrimonialiter, inio carnulitcr copula(um> ? Obi Me aHAcrb oepBoai, 

ocTaameacfl 6e3% m>qjt4CTBift, 6paMHoai o6paAt, ae aaaeri Aa»e bjb 

BaxoABTi jamaaai roaopflTb, r^t 6uM^ aasJioHeB'b BTopaHBufl; ero do- 

paaaerb TOibKO to, 4T0 AAaara, TtJecauai o6pa3oai coeAHReHflaa c% 

BajbreibaoHi, HacHJbflO 6Mia pTAaaa Apyroay ; citAoaaTeibBo caaAtreib- 

CTBo ero coaepuieBBo DpoTaaynoAovao caaAtTeibCTBy AO^yaearoB'b g 



- iU - 

OroMAectBMftTh BXh sHaqflTb cjhiukomi 6e3aepeHOHHo o6pamaTi»cii ci hcto<I' 
HHKaMR. Tbkrmi xe TOMHO ofipaaoMi TOJKj'erb IIIaftHOxa n jlHB;icH6jaTTa: 
«Die ander tochler Hedewig genannt, liatte her (jIioiobhki) vortruwil 
(o6pyMHil, croBOpHJ^) herczoge wilhelin von osterrich , unde aN 
herczog Wilhelm alreit hatte beslofen Hedewig unde sie sich lip hattin 
mit elnander, des worin die Polan rol irer bosheit unde Tortrebin 
hnrczogin Wilhelm us deme lande»; xota cmucn ero noitasaHifl h bu- 
paxesia: «besIofen» h «sie sich lip hattin mit e!nahder»^ npn BSBtcr- 
■Oif% yxe BHMi cBHAtTeJbCTBt npoAOjacarejA 4yBc6ypra, BnoiHt nosso- 
jaiOTb Hail saKJioqaTii o AtlcTBRTejbuoMi cynpyxecTBt. Re yroMJaaa 
OABoodpaaievi cbobx% BoapaxeBift, UlaftBOxa h bi ('Tapot npyccKofi xpo- 
HHKt BRjiBTL BocnoMHBaoie ncpeBORiaibBOMi TOibKO o6pa4t, coBepmea- 
■on B% raftMdjrprt, xoth jrbTonHceu'b, ynowaHyBi, mto jfjoAOBBKi ouan 
flUBHry BRjbrejBBy ci TtMi, «ito6ii nocitAoft ynpaajaji IIoAmeB), ro- 
BopRn xcBO, nro (Wilhelm und Hedewtg zosampne zu Gt acow uflT dem 
hause (t. e. b% aaNKt) gelegl und hatlen sich so Iieb...> h <rro yve 
nocjt BTaro nojaia Bu6paiB b% mymhn flABRrt XBKaro aauwaia. Saaa- 
Tui cBoeio MucibK), ntaAHoxa He DpB3ifaen» npRBejieBRaro CBBAtteACTBa, 
noTOMy qro bi newh BcrptqaiOTca bniadRB, aanp. Idxobhki aasBaqaen 
lopoBy IIojBmR flABBrH a ea nymy^ xoth bto HaaaaqeHie cjyqajocb oocit 
ero eaeprtf, aia nojoxenie Hx*b ua OARy nocTeib otrocbtcr ki Kpaioajr, 
Torjia, iaK% oro coaeputRiocb bi raitR6yprt. ITepaoe ecTb AticTSBTeAHO 
omBdia, RO Re ocitnjeRHue noio^RO DlaftRoxIt, uu ro aoxeaii, rb ocho- 
BBBia 04R0S aeBtpROGTB, yRRqTOXBTb Bce aaaqeHie npaRexeRaaro cbhaV 
TeikcTBB a Boace ae BHABa% RRRaKoro catmeRia rafta6ypra cb RpaKoaorb, 
a opocTo aaxoARB^ bi cjobbx^ npyccRaro JtronBCua AoiaaaT^jbcrao 
Toro, qro BTOpaqnuft odpajcb 4'bficTBnTeibRaro cynpyxecraa 6uj% aaux)' 
qoRi Ri ipaRoacKoai aaaKt, Rorjia aoapacn cynpyroax ae noaBOjan 
yxe coMRtBaTbCfl b% nocitACraiaxi 6paRa. CBRAtreibCTBO bto Ttai aaxate, 
^TO, KBK^ yBB4Ra% RBXo, B 4iyrouii yTBepx^aeT^, qro BBAreiiai 15 
AReS no cynpyxecKB xbj*b c% flxBRroio b% apaKoacKoai aavKt. ABite, 
h'h noiaaaRla dHea CaibBia, au HaxoABVb TOibKo noATaepxieaie aceij 
cRaaaRHoay Haaa. dReli 6urh noqTH cOBpeaeRRRsoai ffrejia, trki mh 
vh AeBb caepTB ero aatrs 29 itri, or% 6un ceipeTapeai axnepaTopa 
ft nOTOMi nanoK), citAOBareibBO xopouio aor% aaaTb to, qro owh oRRCtt- 
aaii, Kaai acTopasi. Oh% roaoparb «cnm rex (jIioaobbbi) obiisset, filiam 
Gulielmus in malrimoninm accepit) illique regno (r. e. noibcaoay) prae- 



fectos esl, Non plaouit Polonis rex,leutonicus, ejectoque Gulielmo, 
conjug^m ejus et regnum noTO regi iradidere... cum quo matrimonium 
baud legilimum ruil.»> h b> 4pyroirb Htcrt (b^ mchut ri SdnrBtey 
Oiecamvmomy): IIojaKR y BHjbreibHa «regnuin ct nuptam abstulerunt et 
inattdilum scelus adorsij reginam quAe allcri nupserat, novo regi con- 
janxere.* He aaxoAfl a^tcb HHqero o DpeduBaaia BBji»rejibifa bi apaxoB- 
cKOM'b aaiut, TAt Bcero y406flte mofjo 6U coBepiuuTiiCfl 3axjio«ieBie 
AtftcTBQTejbaaro cynpyvecTBa, Illafifloxa ae npBAaeTi aflBBKoro SBaMeala 
ciOBavb dBea CHJbBia, ^axe ae CMHraeri ero aoctoIIbumi jioBtpia, noTOMy 

TOO OBTh 6urh B3BtCTeBl, KaV'^ CTOpOBBBKl aBCTpiftcKBro Aova B Renpifl'- 

Teih nojaaoBi. IIocat^Boe coo6paxeBie, Koaemio, baxbo b bu saoiHt 

DOBHiiaeHi ero CBJy, bo obo coaepuieBBO onpoKBAUBaerca ApyraMB, bo 

MCBte eaxBHUB coo6pa»eBiaBBB BBeaaf, bbki ocBtjBJca 6u daeft Cbji»- 

Bifi, ecjraSi oai jraji, ecjfl6i oai. BUiyaaj^ BCTopiio o 6paBt Bbjii. 

rejbxa h flABRra, aasi ocatiBJca 6u ob% nacBTb o6t» 8tob% bi nacbBt 

r& Sdamtay OaecBHiiKQMy^ peauocTBOBy xpaHRTejio aapoABot qecTR, qe- 

lOB-fcBy oseab jio6BBuieBy nouiyMtTb b DOspayaTb b voTopufl, Boaeqao, 

pa3o6ja^iHii 6u CTOib aariyn lovb, b% raKoft CTeneaa 0CKpp6BTejbBya) 

4ifl KopojeacKOft 4>aBBJiB B4iB aojbCiBxi BaraaTOBi. EcJB ve 36BrBtB% 

BToro ae CAtjBA, 39a«jBrb dae^ jiacaji opaaiiy. CsBAtTeibCTBO Xaraaa, 

itTODBcaa JB^BO SBBBuiaro BflibreJbBB B.96eBAop^pa, aaaBoaaro c%ero 

npB6jiBxeBBbiBa, Tojbso noATBepv4aiOTi DpaaeAeaBua BSBtcria. Xaraai: 

<In der zeit (1382 — 1386) herzog WiUielin ward mit seiner braut 

in das kunigreich gen Krakow gefiihrt und da ward zwischen in die 

chanacbafft volfaret und er bei ir oft ein nacht hat gelegen. Nu schtln- 

det der veind alles menschleichs heils die alte Kunigin von Ungarn 

und Tpn rale wegen des grossen graflen (naiBTaaa Fapu, BBtauiaro 

6ojbmoe Bjiaaie aa aopoiOBy) sant sie zu einen haiden in die Littaw 

und verzieh im ihre tocbter>. 96eB4op«epi : «Dux autem Wilhelmus 

una cum sponsa Hedwiga deductus est juxta Polonorum mores ad Cra- 

coviam, ut ad regnum Polpniae coronarelur, ubi, ut saepe profiteri 

solitus eraty matrimonium inter eam et ducem est ligitime consumatum. 

Sed r#-licta domina Ludovici, praefatae Hedvigis mater, diabolica per- 

mota spiritu, consilio praefati palatini, missis nunciis ad ducem Littua- 

niae, Jagel nomine, paganum, offerre non erubuit filiam suam sibi 

prostituere et eidem affidare uxorem. Qui reniens Cracoviam, vi ab- 

stulit Hedwigem et humiliatam duxit uxoremi assentiente sibi Bonifacio 



papa pro CO, quia dux Wilhelmtis citatus ad diceitdum contra istins 
invasoris proposita non compHruit, asserens, inderens esse duel Aofltrifle 
conlendere pro merelrice. Ferlor, quod praefatus Jng-ol Cracoviae bapli- 
SHH se permisit propter regnum Poloniae, qaodqur* probaliones suas 
fuandaverit in jure maximorum xeniorum el pecuniae, ob qnod prac- 
fata Hedviga dncem Vilhelmum node de cnbili, tit f«rtur, in sporta 
per funes submisit et, sic paucis concomltantibus, mortis dispendiom, 
Austrian! veniens, evasil.» CnpaeeAiHBo saMtqaerb Iflafiaoxfi, qro o6a 
9TH cBHAiTeibCTsa cocTasjfliOTb 04110, 3a RCKiiOMeHieMTi HtROTopiix% no* 
Apotfaocrefi; ae Meute cnpaaeAJHBO aaiiqaeTi ohi bi hhx'& utsoTOpiia 
HerovHocTR, nanp «ito fl4Bara npitxaja ai Kpaaoai BH-bcTt Cb BubreA- 
NON%, TOria, KaR% oaa npitxaja panbuie ero hjet, hto anioHHOcrb efl 6paKa 
ci }lreJjoii%' paseMaTpRBaiacE; n BoHH«ailieM%, nexr^y rtiii, KaKi» oticyx- 
Aaj% ee ero npeAuiecTBeHHHR^ n. yptiani. 9to coaepuiOHHo cnpaBeAiaao, 
HO AauTB JH yKaaaaaufl ouih6kh npaao coBcpmeHao yHHqrOKaTb aaaqeaie 
opHBeAeHHUxii CBHAtTeibCTBi, TtM^ 6ojte, qto, roBop^Ti casi IIIaflBOxa, 
o6a CBHitreja 6£1Jr coBpeMeuHHRaiiH BRJbreibifa, 6jh3Ko anaROMUiiH ci 
ORpyxaBuiRHH ero iHuaMR? V BCHRaro jiTooRciia ecTb ouir6rh h ccji 
OTbHCRHBarb cOBepineHHO 6e3^y^petiHUX^, anojHt hcthiiruxi o 6e3cnop- 
nvm noRaaaaiS, to npRierca npofifH ttomameiii o mrophx^, Bccbia aax- 

HUXl HCTOpHMeCRHX'b CO^UTIflX^. BfoxCHO nOHHpBTbCfl Cb HCMBOrHMR OOIB^- 

RBMH B% HSiOxeniH no4po6HOCTe&, ecjR ecTb ocHoaaHie Aoatpaib o6uieij 
pascRasy riaaBaro ^aara. 4pyroft npoTRBHuft aobOa^ UlafiHOxs ropaaio 
aavBto: abb nocitABie CBRAtreja, no ero untBiio, H^'AocrofiBU jioatpii) 
DOTOMy qro orh cihuiromi caaaaau ci aBCTpiftcROHi aomomi, CJHmRoai 
npejiaBU emy h pcbbrbo 6eperyrb ero RBrepecu; EccbHa BtpoaTBO, tto 
BRibreibHi, ociH6x ^aace h ho cocroajca 6paR% ero ch fliBeroiD, p?3- 
CRa3UBaj%, mo obi 6biJ^ AtficTBRrejbHUM'b mymewh noibCRoft Ropojeeu, 
xejaa TtifL CHJbBte Boopyacarb npeAaanuxi 0661) Ji04efi npoTHai noii- 
10B%9 ci TaRHMi cpaMOMi jBUiaBUiHxi oro H xeiiu H RopoRbi. Trkhmi 
o6pa30n jtronHciiu hjr pasAl^iajH ero BR4bi h codHaTCibRo noaTopnja 
ero JOSHoe yTaepKAeaie hjr, noatpRB^ emy^ 6ujh o6iiaHyTU. Bi 9T0in> 
cjyqat hu anojBt 6biJH 6u corjacau c% Ulaftsoxofi eciH6i npHBeAeaHUi 
noRadauifl 6biJH e4RBCTBeHHUMH HCTonBRaaMR, ho tbri rbri oat no4iBepi 
4aiDTCfl atJUNi paAOMi 4pyrux% CBH4tTeibCTBi, TO 01 ptuieHiH pascaa- 
rpHBaexaro Bonpoca, mu aojxhu onRpaTbca h ea huxi. 4iyroiirb Dp<*l' 
CTUBiHeTi 3aRJK)HHTejbBob SBeao ai npeACTaBjeHHoft utnH BsatcTift o 



— 847 - 

6part Bajbreibna ■ lUBBra^ anptniiiDiaee ' BUCKaaaiHoe mmi MirMe. 

On B% ABjrB Mtcraxi roBoparB o&t btomi co6uTiH, X, 102: ((Fama 

ioffoper efc plurtmoram asseriione proditum est) adea Jagellonis ducts 

Lilhaanonim connubium perosam pertaesamque for«, ui Paloniae baro* 

nibus neqaicquam disaoadeiitibus et probibenUbua^ barbari exclusura 

eoDJagiom, sponsalia per verba de praesenti cmn WilheloiQ^ Aualriaa 

doce in facie Eoclenae, Ludovico paire jnbente^ duduin centracla sab 

freqoenlia mililum suorum ei prooerum, sub id tempas, qua Jagello* 

nem docem Liihaaniae Tulgat^m erat, proceilere, oensammare atatuissel, 

Verom dum ad cracoviensem arcem thalaroi secreta cum Hedwigi - re* 

gina susceplurtia cubilia perduetus erat, oura el mandalo bffronum 

Pohmiae, qoibus oopulatio ipsa aummopere displicabat^ tain ex area, 

qqam ex Ihalamo eani dedecore el injuria exolusus expuleosque eal 

el ab omni carnalicomercio reginae praediciaee^quealralusj^ Grp. lOfi: 

cFeraiH el Hedirigiin regtnani) ne sue jungeretar connnbio diulhia 

oblaclalani et tix tandeai piece oplimalum ad eonsentiendum, induo^ 

lam fHiaae. Probe enim noTerat matrimoniam aecaadum eontrahendoai, 

priori obstante, legit inom fieri non poaae. FaieiaiiS qaoque aduUerii 

exhorrans, aJlerts nuptiis coiHaninare pudicitiam amariaa moite pulabad. 

Neqae etiini a plurimonian notitia «oiebat ignoratanii quad ciun prao- 

falo Wilbekno, duce Aiistriae, post ooalraota de^ praeaenti sponaaiia, 

16 diebaa in tboro, carnali copula etiani aubaeepiHi, laaneerat; Timfir 

quoque divinus et vis conscienliae men tern suam, quasi'! qaadaqi ^xa*- 

gitaniat lerrebant. Ex eo Insaper fiBcinore a proceribus Poleniae, pro 

ea tempestate, in foatemptnm ohristianae ^feligfonis patralo, qui,oatho 

lico priacipe Wilheliao Auslriae duce a legMaia uxore ignoiiiiiiioae 

exolu40, faemiaam renKenlem Jagelloni barbaro, non abhocrendo adul- 

terii lacinus, jungi procufaranl, credilur est omnipotena altionom do- 

minas flagellis Polonosper imordinatum regimen cl reges'LituaniS) cpam 

Polonis (^repenslua faventes, plurimum afflixi8se.» KbikauA aaaioniit mbt 

TBBcaii aai^H'b, roeoparB Illallaoxa, npOTOTaB% BunacaRBUfl a^pra aai 

^yroaiay AOitfeiii y jiocToatpancfl, «ito cynpyatecTBO AtScraHTejbHO 6ujo 

aaviD^eao^ vta^ le aente owh a bto caeAtTeibCTBO, ctoje acHoe a bu- 

pa3HTeji»Hoe, cnpaeTca o6paTRTb vh AORasaTeifccvBO ne ocyvecrajeaifl 

AtttcTPvreibHaro 6paKa, a npaaaaerB ero odhtl i^kh HocnoaHflaBieai ace 

ToS v6 <*afta6yprckoft iiepeaoniH. Mh ne uomem-h corjacaiiiCfl ci 

DlattBOXOK), 4T0 BTh A^yM dpBBeAeHioixiJ Mctaxi 4'yroiaa eoTb opotmy- 



— W8 - 

pt^e; aH8iiB%, aa crp. 102, vro iiaruTu oovfeinaM ucnojmeino xej 
AABBrH, T. e. 6paKj ea ci BflibreibNOHi, na crp. 105 oai roBoperb, 
mo BujbrejbMi 15 iiaeft nojbaoeajca npaaaHB ijxa; tjti ntrk npoTBBy* 
p1(«iia, a eCTb, aoxajyit, yMOjqaaie, raxi BHa-b 4'yroui'b, paacKaaaBrm o 
HeycirfemHOCTH m^peott nonuTKB, paaaaauaaa Aajrfee o cynpyseraBxi* otbo- 
ifleaiaJti Sjukavb b BajbreJbva, Ttn caHUHi Aaerb uoaaTb, sao BTopaa 
ilofliiTKa yaajacb. Taai noBBfltteva mi cjoaa ^yroaia b, cwTaa see, 
MTO roaoparb o aaxi^ AaJte lUafiaoxa, ae noaaojHrejbHon aaTJiVBOW, 
Jie dyABBi ooBTopaTb ero, a iio6onuTauxi orcujaeHi ai ero in t. 
347— S49 crp. 

npneeAeflBue bcto^bbkb AOcraTO^ao' Buacaaarrb At^jo ; ohb loaaau- 
Baarrikf mto flAaara, xeiia Bajbreibva, 6uja aupaaaa nail* o&bRiik Myxa 
a, flpoTBB^ aojH, OTABBa flrejjy. 9totii buboai amuiai ae voxeTib 6po- 
oflta Ttflb Ha BaHflTb flA&Bni; aaBpoTBBi> ja^aocrb eg nocit aroro au- 
cryoaen wh bobobi yBpauiaK>a(eH% ee xi^atTti oaa aajatirca MyqeiiBiieM), 
aiepraoio, Koropaa duja npaaccefla oTqacra DOJbaaMi OTOMecraa b eaie 
6oJte Bopucrauflii BBTepecaHi» BoibCBBxi HaraaTCurb. CocraajeaBoe Baaa 
jtBtaie o6% Btimt ceteitB Tojbao BOATaepvAaen ace cKaaaaaoe rbmb o 
■orymectat naiMHrb b Ayxoaeacvaa^ obb arpaaawaajB ajacrb ropoiei a 
Tftaii 6ojte MOfJB ace cAtjarb c% Beonu?ao8 h cjafioft, 14 jtTBefi At 
Bowoft ; atn coMataia, «to nocTynoaii axi ct apaacTaeHHott to^kr aptaii 
AOCffOBBi aeaaaro nopBiiflaia b eAaa jb movbo aaftTB Apyrofi DOAO^aiifl 

flpBBlpib ' am • BOTOpiB . 

npaaaaBaa Bca> aaKBOcTb apRacAeaaux'b ooaaaauifl, Bbi caaaajB vb 
TeKCTby «iTo iio«Biti yatpeau ai AtSeTBBTejbaocTH dpaaa Baibreibaa a 
AaawB. dtOTh aeAoenvoa'b ptuiBreibaocTB a^ aupaseuiax-b oOmacaaeTCfl 
aaarauBi aaa^eaioBm caaAtTeibciei atacaaro ^yproaacrpa naibTpaaa a 
jia^AOJbMy «66aTa seraacaaro BoaacTupa wh Cajeaia, aoropue, o6a, Ouja 
cOapeaeaaaaaBfl HAaflra.IIajbTpairb: «Baroae$ct potonltores (Poloniac)f 
aicul debuit dormire (BajbreibMi) cam regina in proxiina nocte, voiue- 
runt tiyum jagulare el regina admonuil ipsum et sic furlivc evasil «*( 
ampliuB mNn redibat et domini de Polonia redidt^runl ipsam cuidani 
pi^ano.ii jlK>AOAb*'b: cDloiinl autetn Hedwigim hujna socundi (flreua) 
et non primi (Bajbreibaa) jam esse uxorens legitimHm, quia cam earn 
tiilerant de cubili ducia Aualriae, tana juvenis et inipubes extititi quod 
'icel inter eos faiaaent aponaalia contracta, tamen propter defectoiD 
aeiatia armtriniMiuaii nullum fait, praesertim quia, ut ipai dieanti earn 



— 019 — 

dux Australiifia minqiuim earnaKler cognoVll. Uk auleni a$6rren8, eniii 
uxorem suam et forsan a se cognitam, aMidani qoamvia aliam volail 
ducere, nee ducit forsitan, h$ viveiite.» BlaAwaa iipii4aeri oeo6eHHoe 
3B8«ieiiie 8TiiMii cBHAtTeibCTBan h mu Taaase aaxoilHi nxb oqeMb eav* 
Huaa, MO ORB, Kouequo, ae Moryrb oepeojuaTii ropssAo tejbuiaro qacja 
npaaeAeHHUxi noKasamft, KOTopUM^ ohh. Aajad OMeaii Mai^ QpoTHBypt«ian». 
CsHAtTeibCTBO najbTpaifa> OMeaBAuo, m noaao, ouo coAopsaTi n ce6t 
TOJbKo TO, <iTO cKaaauo 4iyrouieirb aa 102 arp., a Ji040|b«^ nepeAaeii 
TOAKo cMyxB I oAHH roBopttTifti 4T0 cynpjffeotBo aa cocToaiocb, a /tpyrufi 
jTBepsAaerb opoTaBuoe ; oMeBUAHO oepBuft ciyxh ustn nvb Kpaioaa, 
a BTopofi B3i> BtHu, a caHi JboAOih^'h HO aaaer'bj isaaoA ayjcu atpoar- 
Hte. TaiBM-b o6pa30Mi>y TOibKO OaATpan aaiaeTca «ecorjaoBHai> co 
MHorHHB B3BtcTHUifB BRNiy ucTOMaHvaiiay BO. KONe<^o, cofiacaDe.qoKBdaaie 
iHoraxi AOiXHO 6hat Bpt^Aaomeao oABONy, aecorjiioaovy ci aHiiH, a 
noToay b AiioHtii>^ yooTpeOJCHBoe aaNa $% reacit I'TaaOBaTca irbibrmi. 

209. lUaitHoxa III, 126. 

210. Skarbiec. h 254. 

211. Voigt, V, 473, 

212. ibideai. 

213. ibidem Y, 479. 

214 Skarbiec. I, 256, ^509. 

215. ibidem I, 257, JH 512. 

216. Voigl, V, 477, 478. Skarbiec. I, 258. 

217. Illataoxa, HI, 139. 

218. Skarbiec. I, 259. 

219. «Noii abherrefldoadullerii faiinus.) Cjobb 4iyrouia, cm. apii* 
■tMBHie 208. 

r I t 

220. Gof^biowskif Dzieje Polski za panowania Jagoifonovri 1,5, 
6, 483. Hal A0KyH4;BT0Bi, buabkhuxi ci aroio utihJO ysaaeHi^, hjq 
^irejio AO KopouaaiH nochj'b TBTyJ^: <«Tutoria el domiiii .regni Polo- 
nine.» BnocjtACTBiii, K0r4a Attia Tpe6oBajB oritaAa 3aiOVHH«OBi> bsi 
IloibuiH, OHB He HUBMc nojyMaJH HB TO noaaoieHie^ saai^ cfi o^aBATeib- 
ciBuai ueHeAieuHO BepuyTbca, no DcpBOiy Bocrpe^OBjiuijo, (TOHib »r). 

221. lUattHoxa, ID, 352—354. 

222. iiywoty biscupow Wilenskich. Przyalgowskiego I» jl — 3; 
Hap6yTa HCTopia HI, 199, 

223. Napierski, Index Corp. arch. ^ 112. , 



— 250 — 

224. Hist. lit. polsk. M. Wiszniewskiego, II, 158, 159. 

225. Pomn. pisma hisloryczne, 31. 

226. HBp6jT« Hctopifl'IV, dodatek 14. 

227. Ibidem, lY, dodatok 16. 

228. Ibidem, V, 91. Voigl Y, 129. 

229. Pomniki do dztejow Litwy, 20. 

230. Ibidem, 22 a Kadyprs bi npHJoseaia. 
'231. H8P67TR iicTOpia Y, dodatek 1. 

232. Taai n Jfaxy, ooci^ 1369 ro^a, opHmJH eiiie 6 noHaxon. 
H8p6. y, dodatek 1. 

233. MopaqeBCRitt I, 194. 

234. Oh. KB6ypra wh apHJOXeHiti. 

235. JaroBtewicB. Obraz Lilwy... II, 2. 

296. itTOflticeirB, bba. 4aHHJ0BHtieirb, 149, 150. 

237. Cm. aoBropOACKjto I Jtronocb, n 11. C. P. J. Ui, 83 

238. itTon. 4AHBJ0BBqa. 170. 

239. Hap6jTa HCTopia I, 231. 

240 Pomniejsze pislna hislorjcznc, 216. ' 

241. itTODBceai hsa. 4aHHJ0BBMeai, 169, 170; Pomn. piama his- 
toryczne, 85 — 89. 

242. itTOD. H34. 4aHHj. 175, 182 r 4p. pycck. JtTon. Bxn.CP. J. 

243. 4iyroiui, X, 104. 

244. Pomniki do dziej6w Lilwy. 20. ' 

245. Pomniejsze pisma historyczno, 83. CBHAtTejf4;vB0 BtfA mt 
DBCB oco6euHO easBo b% tomii oTuoiueHia, mo om coo6tKaerB naa On- 
repAa;' npailatoe bvb nocjt apemoHia, Apyria »e py^caia itmnirctt, aaop. 
HBROiioBcaaa, SHHiori Toibio ero uaa Aicactft, npaaaToe aatcrfe ci 
cxifHOitf. Khki yonAHiTB HB»e> Oibrep^oao nia AB4pea noAtBepsAaeTO 
H Ap3'ruiiH BctbqHURHiin. 

' 246. Cm. ax npaioxeaiH. 
247, 4iyrom'b X, 1 14. 
218 JtTOnacb no HnaoBOBy cnncay. 

249. 4jyromi, X, 61. 

250. Kraazewski^ Litwa, II, 216. KapaMaaai lY^ 274 H3A* Caap- 
Aaaa 1852. 

251. IIIafiBOza I, 167. 

252. Rogalsky, Dzieje Er^yiakow... I, 3!^3; 



- M - 

253. Vn, 785. 

254. m, 218. 

255. Cm. Bi npHioseuiH. 

256. BuoHCKH H3i aero dphboahti Hap6. bi cBoefl HCTOp., 1, 388— 40(](. 

257. in, 142, 354, 355. 

258. Hapfiyxa Hcropia V, 130. 

259. Rogulsky, Dzieje Krijiakow, I, 580. 

260. Ro^alsky II, 18. 

261. Ibidem, II, 21. ... 

262. (iQuod cum dicfl CrQciferl castrom Vilnense circliinvaltBSseiit 
el Christianos noophytos, paganos nuncupassent, presbyferi, praelali, 
C'«nionici et clericii tarn seculares, qunm religlasd ecclcsiae ei civitatis 
Vilneiisis, exorantes divinam clementiam, pro pace darifda e( hostfum 
fcrocilnte et crudelitule mitiganJa, de ccdesia cathedral!, ad ecolesiHin 
Stae Annae, sncris vestibus et superpeliciis induti^ moresacerJotuli, pre/* 
cessionaliter, cum cantu devoto laudis, sacrum Corpus 'Christ! et ^ignom 

» 

seu reliquias sanctorum pnbticc in manibus deferentos, praiTati Crucifei^i 
contra dictos presbyteros et clerlcos, in fldei conteihptum et cnntu* 
meliom Creatoris^ diversis telis et tandvm pixide sive^ bombarda^a- 
gittarunt, cnjus e boiiibarde, seu lapidis, de ipsa enlissi ictus, unu^ 
SHcerdns reiigiosus, nomine Yenceslaus de Grec2, ordinis iSti Francisdi 
«st iriterffclo.s et quam plures alii vulnerali, palara publfce eit noto- 
rium>», Hsi pyKOnacefl Hap6yTa, ci. Pomn, plsm^ Wsloryctne; 120 cf (<• 

263. niafiHOxa, HI, 356. 

264. Hspfiyja ncropia, V. dodatek H. 

265. (<Singuli kmolones, tarn Ruteni, quam Ctiristianfi^. cm. Staif^ 
nickr, Sjnowe Gedymina II, 161. 

266. Polska czyli o poloieniu, obyezajach, lirz^dach i ^zeczy 
Pospolitej kr6Iews(wa polskiego, przt^z Maricina Kromera. Ifepeaoirb na 
nojbCKiil aauKi Bifl^acjaBa CupoKOMiii BBJbHa 1853 r. 66 ii 67 etp. 

267. IIIofiHOxa, III, 144, 145, 355, en. npHitq. 208, r4li mm bu- 
nifcaiH noKadnaifl 9thx% j'feronHciiPBi. 

268. cqnos genilrix edrum formabal' ad mofes grat*COSy rituili 
graecum illis instillans.* X, 61. 4oi»uo saiitTim, qro ^iyr^tn^ ^<^^^ 
TOJbKo OAHy Keay OiirepAa — AOUb raepcRato xaasH. 

269. cgentilt errore abjecto*, X, 104; Taxace HepftuiflreAHo ki 
4pyroe ero Bupaseuie; caJ fldem de tenebns i^entium educlus*. XI, 697. 



- 1^52 - 

270. €consueludinem, quain exprisco gentilitalis mQr0 traxerat» 
X, 650. 

27 1. cerrores paganicos relinquentes*, cm. nepesoAi BajiOBCKaro 
MajHUOVCBBVi Bi npHiitH vb crp. 62—68; <de gentilitatis lenebris 
edacentes*, cm. Codex diplomaticus Poloniae... Rzyssozewski i Mucz- 
kowski. Warszawa 1847, I, JIS CLXXV a CLI r tojuo yAajCHBiifi on 
Mtcra AtficTsifl nana Ypfiairb VI, bi 6yiJt 1388 ro/a, yrBepx4aM>iiieli 
BHiencioe enHCKoncTBO, noaBOiaerb ce6t BupftKeaie: cabjecta idolonm 
8erviiute>9 cm. nepcBOA^ BanoBCiaro I, 67. 

272. Codex diplomatic. Polon. Ezyszczewski i Muczkowski. I, Jit CLI 

273. Ero BpemeMie bi TaniaBt aaMi yace nsBtCTHO; o6% o6paflieBiH 
ero vb npaBOCjaaie, nocit sroro Kpemeuia, CBRAtTejbCTByen opjieHCBii 
jtToniiceiii, iaBACHfijan, cm. b34. 1823 r. crp. 204; oro »e nOiiTBeps- 
AaeTcfi rpaMOTOK), HaneHaTBHuoio b% «roCpauiB ipeBflnxi rpaMorb h au- 
TOBi... BSA* BBJeacBRMi ry^epaaTopoMi CeMCBOBuai, BHJU»Ha 1843, II, 
.146, M 55»»; iQTopoio Bhtobti sajyerb, no xoAaraftcTBy B. Ka. K)ji8BHii, 
pyccBoay MOHacTUpio b% Tposaxi Btauropua RMtBia n oaepo iyKfl(24AB- 
rycTa 1384)^ npn qeMX naaHBaen ce6a AjeKcaaipOMi ; cm. raise jpyryD 
ero rpaMory bi «Skarbiec>» I, 252, Jiff 500, T8»e oti* 1384 r , rit 
01^1 roBopari o ce6t : «Mu aeJUBitl Kiiasb Butobti, aapeMeRHuft bo cb. 
apenieRia AieKcaaApiM. 

274. DpaBOCjaBie CKapreua AOKaauBaeTca: 1) ae pasi yve ynoHa- 
ayTUM% nac^MOMi Vh b, br. lOmmt^ RaneMaTBBHUM'B y Hap6yTa (V, du- 
datek II); 2) JltTonHcea%, h3a. 4aHHiOBH4eMi (crp 47), onHCUBaa ero 
cMepTb H oorpc6eHie no npaaociBBBOMy o6paAyi roBopari, mo npn cs. 
xpeHieHiB on RaaaaR^ 6hat» HBaaoMi; 3) Aiy voun (X, 120) noAi> 1389r. 
roBopBTi, mo 0H% 6uji AoporB pycciBMi no e^BRCTBy Btpu a mo ko- 
pojb BiBABCjaBi yroBapRBBA ero ocraaHTb rpeqecEoe BcnoBtAaHie, CiBp* 
rejjo o6>$niaica, roaopa, vro Boft4eTT» bi Phm> b tbmi npBMerb pRMciyD 
Btpy, HO BaesauHaa CMeprb noMtuiaja ocymecrajeBiio ero HaMtpeHia; 4) 
BaflOBcsiA rOBopar^, mo CKaprejiJO BMtiCTt ci flreiMon aposaji >p6- 
flieHie B% KpavoBt a aaaBaai KasHMipoHi, bo OMesBABO CMtuiBBaerb ero 
ci KopareiJovB, rhn 6ojte^ mo b% AaibBtftmeMi BdJOxeRiH Docroamo 
BtfCTaBiaari ero npaBocjaBBUMii a raxi paBCxaauBaerb. o ero cMepn* 
«CRBprejjo, paa/paxRBi cbobmb xecTOROCTaMB cbobxi npB6JBveRBUXi 
rpewcRoft Btpu, BOTopy» h cawb RcnoBtAUBaii, 6^% OTpaajeai noi- 
^aiDBMi, BDycTBaoiBHi 141 Bi qauiy un nepcTBfl, ai BuoiropoAt, 6iHn 



Kiena...* nOm nenpeiitiRo npHBiis tfii pHVctift ' RiTO JHiiBsn, ecjHfoiie 
oocTBrja ero CMoprb 1394 r.» (I, 114); 5) Bi BCTopia RRp6yTti (V, do* 
daiek V) BaDe<iaTaBO obcimo eeiHiaro iiarBCTpa z% nant, rAtCKiraaBo: 
MLilhnanorum infideliam rex Jagal una cum fraire suo setsmatico Skir- 
grain 1384. 

275. CrpiifiKOBCBiS II, 58. ABoanm, apXHitfaROBi ratoieRCBii o 
ipemeaiH bi KpaKOBt BBraajia. 

276. Aiyromi X, 104; cm. raaxe aaoBCb HreJia, 1391 r., boto- 
poio «a jyer& aajieBCBoS RaeoApt aeajD CrxemaBi (Slrzesiyn), c% o6H3a- 
TCACTBOMi aojHncfl 3a aero, aa KaaflBipa-Koparejiai y6iiTaro puaapaaH, 
aa AjeaeaBjipa ajii BaryiiTa, aa BoiecjaBa bjh CBBApflrOJia, «<poABUXi 
flaiiiHX'& 6paneB%>. HepeBorB JtronBca BaooBcKaro I, 99, npaiitq. 2. 

277. Co<iBBeRie| yKaaaaBoe IDallBOxoft, oaanaBjeao: «Hlstoria put- 
cbra et stopenda, miracalia referta imaglnis Mariae, quonaodo et unde 
in clarann montenn, Czanatochowiae el Olsztyn advenerit. Krakow: 
1523. B% aevfc wraeiii: cpost mortem Ludovtci regis grande Deas 
donam et miracolum genfi Polonae contalit. Ladislaus enim, dux ille 
egregins Lhhuanorum, vocattts nd regnum ea lege, ai misso schyamate, 
Christianas purus efficeretar, quod cam protinus, non invitas kci^p- 
taaset^ sic Deo volente, innamera mnltitudo hominam, paucis diebos, 
ad romanam eccieaiara foit conversa.» IHaltRoxa, IIF, 358. 

278. Pomniejsze pisma historyczne, 98-^100. 06%BifeBHc<flB0B%9, 
CR. BocRpeceaeiyR) ittonaeB, n U. G. P. i. Yfl, 255. 

279. Ca. nocjaaia KaapiaBa vh opaaocjaBBon Co6ectABBRt, i 860 r. 
II, 97-99. 

280. Galerja NieiSwieiBka porlretdw Radziwiltowskich. Bdw. K6t- 
labaja 1857, crp. 16. 

281. Bandlke, Jas Polonicam, 189. 

282. /Uyromi, X, i06. 

283. Ibidem, X, 107. 

284. Biblloteka Osaolynaklch, IX, 1866 r., crp. 190-^192. 

265. Aiyroathy X, 109. Kopoib xortn caaqaja Mnth n npRAaaoe 
3eBjia paAOMcayio, bo obbu bo noaBoiHiH. 

286. 4iyroun>, X, 107. 

287. 4iyrottrE, X, 108 h UlaAuoxa m, 166, 362. 

288. Skarbiec I, 261, M 524. 

289. n. C. P. A. 0/351. 



/. .. 



- m - 

, ;?99, C». »«J96y are«« want n Skarbiec I, 261^ ^524. 
29 jl, CTpHtaOBCKift II, 76. Voigl. V, 480. . 

292. Skarbieb I, 260, MM 519, 520, 521. 

293. 4tT0^Hcp^^ 4«HHAQBBqa, 42, 43. Poamiki do dziejow Lilwj, 
30, 3i. n. C. P. i. IV, 92, 93. 

294. IL C. P. X lY, 193. 06mee yTsepsAenie JtrooHc^, mo 
AHApefi BUCBjiti'B B-b aaKiioqeHiH rpn ro^a (^lyroiui X> 107, Crpui- 
KOBCKift II, 76, 77), onpOBepraercii BSBtcrieMi b% iycie domowe Jadw. 
i Jagel. 46 crp. 

295. Depeao^i j:feT0UHCii BanoBCKaro I, bi npantH. k% crp. 74 — 78. 

296. Zbior praw Jitewskich, Dzialynski, 1 crp. 

, 297. Ibidem f h 2 crp. B^ paASHBBJiOBCKOif^ apxHBt ecrb jiune 
rpaiiOTa oaarjaBjenqaji: Privilegium Yladislai regis, quo incolw M. D. 
LithuaniHe, fi^em christlanam amplectentibas, certas literas (atpoflTio 
liberiaM) concedit. Patuin Vilnae. 1387. 

298. Skarbiec 1,^541. 

299. itTonaceii'fc 004. ^aiuiiOBH«ien 204, 205 crp.; yBaauBaeioe 
nJkcT^o JitTonacfl HjnepecHo h b% tomi oiraouieHiH, mo yHcmien san 
Barjfl^^ pyccvHxx aa KaTOiBuqaiii: npAoOao aanaABun BapoABS^ ae 
npBaHaaaBiuBM^ opaBOCiaBie «iBCTUin> xpacTiancTBOiii, npoTBBynojaru- 
uiHH'b 4a xe BeaeaHie pycBua HVBBaHii) xpflCTiauBHa, h pyccxie xpacriaii- 
cTBOMi BaauBaiorb to^bo cape DpaBocjaBio, ptpt «e aanajiBoft Eaponu 
npBAaioT'b dnHTerb iarqacKoA Hf h ntneiiKoft b raxse paacnarpHBaDn ce^ 
BBKi Btqrp npoTHBypojoxHoe jippHCTiaHCTBy, t. e. npBBOCiaaUo: «H Asa 
JflTBHRa y aero 6oJEiinH ero, b tib KpecTBuiaca 60 o^ticmiaMCByio flftjqr, 
OBi.xe, xpra p^^ sp^cTBTa f% cboio Me $fbpy JkunuHCKifw^ obb se se 
ooejyuiaca. Kopojb xe flrafijo KasBii bxi MHorHUH vyBavH depn 
noaeit npejiaTB.H 

300. Historica Russiae inonumenta I, 31, 32. M XXXm. 

301. Rajnald, Annales ecclesiastici IX, 182^ 83A. 1753. 

302. maftB^xa in, 173, 363. , 

3Q3. OcBffDieHie npoBCxo^BJO 7 iiafl 1388 jr. Cm. Consliiiiliones 
aynodorum dioecesis Yilnensis. 1633. Pomnieijaze piama historycine 
107 cTp. 

304. Cm. b& aepeBOjil) BanoBCKaro I, bi apflMtq. i^ cTp. 74—78. 
SaMtqarejERO, qro bi nepeneqarKt erroft rpaHom, raise n opBrBHua, 
J AswuMOBrnvi (Skarbiec I. 266, JH 540), wtn arofi npHSaBKB: wran 



- 355 — 

4TO HH BSMi caiiHiii, hh i&>fe'OMABm siwiiif^ 110 ociaojMen bim^ uHm 
HBKdKoro DpaBa.») noxaiOBaHiaxi aa cojiepsaaif jQrwa^HpTBt.Oii. ei 
ijwoty biscupow wilenskiohy Priyalgowskiego, I, 15—17; Hhcjio no- 
cTpoeaiijiix% flrejJOHi aocTejoxb oapoAluew) BfOia Ha ooBOBiaiff Crpuft 
ROBCKarOy 4i jroma h cjob% KapAfloaja lOiiaiia, van ntq ilHtPi^ 1 3, p|«r. 
BeACHBaa IIiiiiajroBCBHNi (I, 18) He iiOseT% dm QpQBBTB. 

305. Skarbiec. I, 270, JIS 5&t. 

306. Tan*a». 

■ 

307. BpeoieHiB Aaisu cm. itToimoaa, iBBii. Al^mM^EH^m 4Pf 
Pomn. do dziejow Litwj 29^ Aiyroiwh X, 108^--112^ CTpuilKUiBCKifi 11, 
78—82, Skarbiecl,^>1^ 538—541, JHVoszeyf'M, Obrai LMnry i7— 22, 
iywoly' biscupow wilenskich I, 8 — 17 h Ap. 

308. AMyrourh, XI; e58*-6«0L , / 

309. Zbigttiew Olesniokl I, 122. 

310. IDafiBOxa, HI, 16& i . 

311. AMyTom% X, 104. i 
812. Gol^biawski, Panoiir4PJQ Wladyalawa > Jagella, I, 3, 4 h bi 

Skarb*i|t 4aBHiOBH«ia. MemAj 9thiiu AOKyNeHTaifii.ocf6eBBO.HBfepeoeBi 
AaBHuft CKaprejiOMi : nojyqaBi on Boppif , cpoiffe Tpotiit KftaaiecTBo 
nojooKoe, CRapreJio bbici tfu/Bi* afax^ oco6eR^A 6juroAa|iHoeni) bu* 
pavaen b% cboomi jiOKyHeHTt, qro ero BiaxjfeHii, av ojji^'^ erp feajitr- 
Bol ciiepTJi, 40JSHJI iiepefiT9 n coOcTBeqaoc^T^ . pu>poj^ h |i^po|^ oojl- 
Gioi. He^ptpaeHBo 6o4^iueia CBvocroarewiocna) OTjBvaerca npacav^aa 
rpwoTB 4fiMiiTpui Oiiiir^pAOB^Mii : 0H% OTKpoBeHBO rOB^opiin OBoeft npeic- 
aeft upnfiarU AmnTfm MocgiO^cBony a, o6iiaBiaa, ,^fTO paaopaai'B arj^ 
Dpacarjr, aupava^r^ xejfpiQ ciyxoTb HBopo^io a ero. vopojaau h ero 
Atreif H Hopyat nojbCKOfi.H Qi. CoOpaaie rocyAapcraeafHxi.a «iacTHUxi 
aiTOBi. .. B34. BHieBCBOR) apxeorpa«imt*ciiofl> BOHMBCciefi. B^Jbi^i 1858, 
I, 4f IV. IIpRHipi paapuaa oepaoil npicara ho Morb B036yABT& oco6eBHoft 
yBtpeBHOCTB Bi TO«iHon co6iK>40HiH BTopofi ; ciiMaaoTgpoBefiHQCTb; yaa* 
waseT^ BB . opaao , npacgran a paapuBaib npacary, lOTQpoe ovbhaho 
apuHciiaaen ce6^ jlaaaTpift OivrepAOBBii. 

3i3« CrpufiiqacRia D, 82, 4iyroiui X^ 109. 

314. frpufiBOBCBift II, 81. 

315. M. Wiszniewski. Historia LillenUury Polskiej, IV, 91. 

316. lUq^Hoxa IV, 106. 

3l7i Asytmh X, 119, 12?, 123. . 



~ 2B6 — 

318. cPerox Mfarai. AMjrom X^ f20. 

H9. AijuHin X, 98. 

3190. BaaoBCtifi bi nepeeoAt MaiBHOBosaro I, 97. 

321. JtTODHceiii 4aHBJ0BH(ni h Pomniki do dz. Litwyy b% yiaaaa- 
HOVb Mtcrfc> tBBxe Skarbiee I, ^ 500. 

322. Skarbiee, I, 276, JV 570. 

323. noMJOBBfliH BnTOBTy Aynnn h DjajiHvipa roBOpari jhtob- 
cKO-pyccrie JtronHCim a, BpoNt roro, obo noATBepMAaercv ynaaBBOD 
rpaifOTOM), CM. Skarbiee If Jit 558. 

324. Skarbiee JIB 559. 

325. Ibidem, JIB 570. 

326. Taai-se. 

327. Yoigt V, 533, 534; CrpufiEOBeKil II, 83. 

328. liTonflceai 4aBHJOBH4a 44, Ponan. do di. Lilwy 31, Hiy- 
Toui'h X, 121. CTpufiKOBCKitt U, 83, 84. Voigt V, 535. GM^biowski I, 
18, t9. Yigand h34. Pa«iHBeKaro 324. 

329. BtpoHTBO, riiOoii'B CBiiToeiaBiiqevfc, ev. Gol^biowski I, 13. 
930. Voigl V, 535. 

331. Skarbiee I, JIB 579. 

332. Napierski, Index... JIB 454. Voigt Y, 536. 

333. Napierski, M 456. 

334. Cm* vh HcropiB HapOyra (V, 298) HSBterie o Ao6poBOABot 
nepexaqt 5000 pyecKHXi asi BoftcKa KeSeryTB noAi BawAcno opi* 
cjauflaro flreiioinb^ npeABO^RTeja h epaaaH ci bthitii eBHAtTeiboiBO Ctpiit- 
BOBCRaro (II, 81) o (^eBnopaAKaxi, npoRSBeAeBHiut pyoeRBiiH n Bared*- 
CKt, BO Bpeu Kpemeaifl Jbtbu, sa Koropue flreuo BBKaauBan eiepiw* 

335. Cm. nepoBOAi BanoBexaro noA'B 1389. 

336. Yoigl V, 536, 537. 

337. Napierski, Index .W 466. 
' 338. Ibidem, JIB 452. 

339. IIo laruBt obo Bupaxeao CJtAyioniHirb o6paaon: tinsvp^ 
et tertio etiann extitit petitum, ut mihi et ordini nneo de jure, qool 
nobis cempeteret vel eompetere posset, faverent»». Gam Oofixri aaie- 
laen, qro DOAOdBaa aeonpoAt leBBOCTb BupaxeBifilyHirauieBfla. (Y, 502,503). 

340. Napierski, JIB 452. 

341. Bfl3Ra, iBKi Mu BBAtjB, 6uja aaioxeaa opAeay SeaoBBton aa- 
soaeiiBHMi a rarb kbki BiaAtBie em o6jer«iaia Ba6ftra aa Jaray, ra 



— 257 — 

flreuoi opiim|uuiiiiica n 3eiiOBHTOH%, ptuBJea aaxMTHn 9Toni BavRuA 
nywrnrh. 

342. Napierski Index, Jit 454 ; Yoigt V, 506. 

343. BfloaAHue pui^apH MorJH raaxe npoxoxHTb qepeai IIojLuiy, no 
irro nojnH DepecrajR nponycaaTb nrb co BpeneHH apenieiiia ffreua, AORft- 
3UBaeTca Aonynemomt^ BOToputt Haae«iaTaRi b% Skarb'ut I, 268, Jf 543. 

344. wD«B herczogiHi obtrste Iloplniann», roaoparb crapaa npyc- 
csaa xpoHBKa, cm. y <&oitxTa V, 509. 

345. Skarbiec I, M 599. Voigt, V, 608—516. 

346. Skarbiec, JH 564. 

347. Voigt V, 5.1. 

348. Gotfbiowaki 1, 23. 

349. Cm. KH6ypra bi npaioseaiH. 

350. HanpacHO IIlaflBOxa npanacuaaeTii raaolt aarjijii tojiiKo pyn- 
ciBn (lY, 28); JUTOBOsaa Jtroaac^ laA* Hap6yT0Mi, aa KOTopyw oiii 
cciuaeTca ai noATaepvAeuie cbohx% cjob%, roBoparb no o pyccKHxi, a 
o Btauaxi. Vto tbroA sarjao 6un pyccKBMR sbhmctbobhhi, cRop-fte 
aosBO BBAtTb aa% Toro» vro kotab aaarb 6im BiBAHiiipi j|io6apTOMi, 
TO marb 6uBamx% Tain Aayxi aaaaoai, AepeaaaRuit 6ujth coxpaReH<ft, 
a aaaeaHUft fiiui yaavroseai. 

351. Ponnniki do dziejow Litwy, 32. 
362. Voigl V, 545, n npaatti. 

353. Ulaiaoxa IV, 359. 

354. n, 90. 

355. jBHAeaOjaiTb (cTp. 76) roBopari, qro ocaAa Raqaiacb 4 Cea- 
Ta6pa H vro, co apeaeNB aaaria KpHaaro saaKa, aocj'bAOBaBiuaro oqeHB 
ciopo, OBB npoAOJxajocb erne 5 aoAtib, cjtAOBBTeiiiRO Aoiama 5iiia boh- 
^BTi»ca oaojo noioaaau Oaradpa. 

356. HcTOviBaa ocbau: 4iyroui'fc X, 127—131, CTpufiaoBCBtt U, 
88 — 90, JtTonaceni, bba. 4ttaBJ0BBqeiii 45, Pomn. do da. Litwy 32, 
Voigt V, 542—540, JaNAea6iam 76, 77 a Ap. 

357. Aiynmn (X, 131), coo6BiaR>niifl HeatpHoe HaBtcTie, qro CRnp- 
rejjo wh 1390 r. 6uAi ycTpnaeHi on ynpaBjeRia iflTBOio, aaej^ ai 
3a6jyaiAaaie ae toibbo nosAHtftmax'B jtronacueBi, nanp. BanoBcaaro, ho 
a BOBtflmaxi nacaTeieft, raai bto noBTopaoTca rojeM6ioBCBHNi 1, 47. He- 
cnpaaeAJaBOCTfc ero nojoxatejuio AORBduaaercH AORyaeaToai, Hane«iaTaN- 
wwk n Skarb'ut (i, ..tf 611), aa'B aoroparO bhaho, «iTOKopojb, 25 Maa 



_ J358 — 

y, BUKOUy He nOBtpHTb MMIOBI* BBJeHCKSI^ 

i39i r.f 009m' ^ ^^ rpo4HeHCKaro, ho cox|iuHHTb Hxi 3a mn{ 
ggTcdcMaro, MepevcKitr 

,ro aoTOMcrB0M^. \ 

358. Liadenbhtt 7d. 

359. ibidem^ 79. 

360. Voigi V, 5S>8. 

361. flo QAimu% 46000 (Voigl V, 597»; no Apy^Hll^ 70000 (Ha| 

5yrk V, 474> 

362. Lindenblalt, 88. 

363. Lindenblall 83, TaKHm o6pa30Mi ii3irfecTie Aiytoiutk (X, 131,J 
1^2) 6HTBt KpeCToaocaee^ ci OjecHRiiKRMi hp HOKerii ()IiIti> npRHflto 

364. LindenbSalt, 84. 1 

365. Ibidem, 85. I 

366. AtTOUBcen'hj asA* AiB^imMOBB^wb 44. | 

367. Voigl V, 60 i— 603. 

368. Bi SkarVat 4aHHiOBHHa I, ^.tf 591—593 HaneqaraBU npH- 
caxuue jhctu (ci raKHiii orpaHHvenieirik) K)pia 4oBroTa n H)pia a Ah- 
4peH MiixaiijoBHMeft, ehjbobi» flBHyra. 4aHHJ0BHVb othochti btr loiy- 
■eflTU El 1390 r. h noroiiy mu ciisjajH h3% rbte aaxiiowRie, nort- 
meHHoe ai reECTt, ho ae iio»eM% ue BuposBTk Hamero onaceaifl n bos- 

MOSHOCTH 0UU6kH CO CTOpOHU 4uiHJ08H«ia : BpnCaSHUB rpaMOTU dTO.U 

KHHsefi coxpaHHJHCb 6e3i AaTu a nOTOMy toaro raAareibRO othochti uxi 
Kx 1390 ro4y, ecja se ra^aHie bto omB6o«iHo h ohh 6uja HaoRcauuBi 
1392 r., TorAB coAepacauteeca bi hiixi> orpauRqeHie coBepiueavo ecrt^- 
CTBeHHO. Haai KaiceTCfl, mto nocjtAHee BtpHtc. 

369. Skarbiec I, Jtf 611. 

370. 4iyroiui X, 130, 135. 

371. 4^yroui'fc roBopRTi o ueMi, (X, 135) hto, npavavb cb. ape- 
laeaie, oh'b octobhi'b crapue jo6u«iaa, npeiRRiOio OAewAy a Aaxe pdjiHofi 
N3biKi> H Boe 8T0 saHtHHJi noibCKaMi ; B% Btpft X9 KaTOJaueciot 6ujrb 
TaKHai peBHOCTHUMi H ycepAHun, «ito aoace ae Baaajca HOBOodpaoieB- 
HUHi ; KpoMt Toro OTjRqajca cRpoMaocTbio, fiiaropOACTBOa'b h paayioai. 
Mu ocTeperiHCb npauarb ary xapaRTepacTBKy, oofoiiy qTO oaa coaep* 
uieHHo roiociOBHa a, Kpont Toro, bi noxaajt btoA aaHiqaeHi ciopte no* 
pinauie, noroay mo TaRoe 6ucTpoe aanliHaHie uapoAROCTa hc laeni aaai 
uiM)6eHuo xopoiuaro noHRTia o&b btomi KaiiBis* 

372. 4iyroiu'b X, 134, Lindenblatt 86, CrpultKOBCxiM 11, 93. 



- 2&9 - 

373. CTpuftKOBCKlit, THHl-ve. 

374. Aiyroui'h X, 135, CTpuflKOBCKilt II, 94. 

375. Lindenblatt 86, 77. 

376 ^iyrouii H CrpuliKOBCKift roeoparii, qro flrejjo ptiunji ot- 
jaTb BHTOBTy BCD Jnrny, h jBHAOHdiarrb, ynoHHBSioiaift, mo npnMBpeHie 
6ei1jo 3ajiyHaB0 ch cob^th CKHprejja, roBopnrb TOJbKO o BjaAtBiax^ 
KeficTyTH. 6% bthxi JtTonHcaxi hbiiuh ce6t HtCTO o6a cjyxa o6i ycjo- 
Biflx-b, Ha EOTopuxi coaepniBJocb npHnapeBie a, xora bto cjyqaeTca pt4K0| 
o6a cjyxa 6ujb copaucAiUBU; nepaufl aupaxaerb aaHtpeHie flrejja, a 
BTopoft sejaaie CaHprejia. Orcioia ecTecTBUBHO npeAnojoxeaie, qro Crhp* 
rejjo 5uj'b o6mBnyTb ii iajba^fluiia co6uTia anojat ero onpaBAUBaiOTi. 

377. Lindenblatt 84, 85. 

378. Ibidem, 86. 

379. HcTopia Hapdyra V, 484. 

380. Voigt V, 605, Skarbiec I, 292. 

381. Lindenblatt 85, Voigt V, 608. 

382. Voigt V, 615. 

383. Hap6yTa Hcropia V, 486—490. 
384 Got^biowski I, 490, npHitq. 61. 

385. Pomniki do dziejow Litwy 33. 

386. 4iyrouii X, 136. 

387. Gol<{biowski I, 491, Skarbiec I, JtfJtf 621, 622,623. Hai flaoe- 
HaTaBHUxi 3Atcb 40KyHeHT0Bi BU4H0, MTO CKHprejio, KpoMt KieacKaro 
KuaxecTBa, DOJyMBJi Kpeneaem h CTOxeai. 4iyroiui yTBepv4aen, hto 
eiiy AajH eme Crapue Tpoan h CTapo4y6i9 ho hu bo npBHHiiaeHi ero 
naBtcria, noroiiy qro oho HecorjacHO ci 40KyifeHTaifH. 

388. Ponnniki do dziejow Litwy, 33. 

389. nepeB04'B BanoBcaaro I, 106. 

390. Pomniki do dziejow Litwy 33, a o 6'fercTBft bi Ilpycciio cm. 

^ofebur, ©wltrigail; tin Sritrag }tt t). ®tSii^i^tt ». Sittaurn, Stufflanb, 
^olrn unto ^rrufrn; 23. 



nPHJIOSECEHIE. 



AHe3»KK% noocMBOTBa r^iuiHaro Ha^a^nHHica ronnxH. 
Ta^eft * TeBTOHcKaro opAeiia^ rpa^w RoHpaAH RH6ypra 
CB TOBapimiH (He ua38aHBi) k<b sejiHKovy KHoaio jih- 

TOtBOROKy BETOBxy, B'h 1397 r. 

nepeBeAeBi ch opuroHaja >K«roTox> 0* Hai^eBH^eMi, MamcTpoMi oujio- 
QOJii»cKaro nepeBeAeHii mhov aa pyccKitt. 

cMu npifiujiH fii RoBHo Ha cyAaxi, nojii napycanH, na 
BocbMofi flfiEb no otbi^Kk Wb FariiHTU. HaqajLHHSi RoseH- 
csaro saMsa 6Mfm:b ^ EBBEh OeAopoBH^i, Fyciiai , paAyniHo 
Haci» npHHfljiii Tomaci me bumoii rojo^a wb BejiHKOHy 
BHfldio ci HEBtB^eHieHi) uauieMii opd'bdAt; na ipeTifi jsfiEh 
oE'b coodpHi'b uaHiv^ MTO CBopo DpltAexii npHABopraift qHHOB- 
HHKi»^ BOTopufi 6yneTb conpoBOSA&Tb Haci> ao MicTonpe6uBa- 
Hifi MOHapxa. 

cKOBao MHoro yipaTUO hbi cBoero npesHflro Bejinqia : 
HHcio jifmowh yjHeBMiiHiioob) MHorie jiesaxii bi, pasBaAHHaxi^ bca 
noA9aMBOBaji laoTb^ ctojib JiioAHaH Bb npeasflee BpoHB, lenepb 
no SoAmefi <iacTH BBBBxa oropoAaMH. BospoiBAeflie ero Hejienso, 

BOTOMy MTO TOprOBJlfl Bl HacTOfiD^ee BpeMfl BCTpi^^aeTB MHoro 

3aTpyAHeHii. SA'i^mHiit sftMOBt BucipoeirL Bb npespacHOHX Bsy- 
ct H opexexaBJiflerL odnfflpHue yxp^njieHHiie MarasHHU a^^ 
cuaxa TOBapafii>> SeaoiiacHue oti> ornfl, xaBi Baai. ohh cjio< 
veflu H3ii KaMHBi TBepAUBB 9Ta, coopyaceHHafl reAHWHHoiTL h 
OjibrepAOMii, Taw u MHoro- noTepflJia b:^ ceoeit cHit h BpinocTn, 
UTO Moserb nfiTh lenepb TOibKO aecbHa cj[a6u& oxnopb ne- 



') TaiTb nepeBOHcy a nojbCKoe ^Wielki Szpitalnik** h Btuei^Koe ^Oberst- 
SpitHer.* *) B% noibckow^ nepcBOAt pan. 



npiflTejiH). Mu He bhpih hh oj^Hofi nyiuRH 69iiimaro Kajii6pa^ 
KaRHMH cjiaBHJiocb upeiBAe Robho; iipasAa, MarasfiHU 06- 
lUHpHU, xopomo coAepiRaTCfl h^ ebwl paacRadUBaiorL, HanoAHeHU 
MHosecTBoiTL BanacoBi H opyasia. GTtHU , oOpaqeHHUH bi 
H'bHaHy HanGoJii^e yi^tiibJiH^ CiHsaSmiii se n Bhiui^ ocofieeHO 
TaHi, FAt raaBHUfl Bopoia, ho6hti> aa ce&b ci&xu yasacHaro 
onycToiueHiH, Hpex'B rpyAaiiH Mycopa h o6iqmbob% BuraHyrB 
^lacTOROJi'L^ BeGbMa BasHufi B'b TOMii OTHonieiDii^ qio He mo- 
merb 6uTb pasOHT'L uaPAVH HSAajui, xaKi rbbi Mycopi h 06- 
iioHRH 3acioHfliorB ero , rbri 6bi BajoMi* h ecm aeupiflTejib 
AoitAerL ao apaa SToro aaia , to noABeprHeTi ce6a ly^HOMy 
u pyaBetiHOHy ofhid, a can ae 6yAeTi> wb cocTOffHiR pasBTb 
ocaiRAeHHiu'b, yapuTUXi aa qacTOBOJOM'B. rapHBSOHii coctmtb 
HBi 4000 jiBTOBHteBi H SMypHOBi^ oHt saBBTL TOnepb my 
npaBjeHieHi yapinjieHiit; npa aaci oTRaoMBajH aaitoe-TO cTpo* 
eaie, coaepjoieHHo aaaajiraHoe MycopoHi h nonpaajaia saAiaoH) 
CTtay^ HO HBH'b aTHXi paOoTL He noRasuaaiH. IIpoTBBi BanuBX'ii 
oROHi (hu BfflJiH Bi> noABaMROBoM qacTH) Ha npaaoiTb 6epery 
BhiIk, pacnojosHiCH larepb RaaaiepiH, Merupe hib nsTb tu- 
cmh Roaett, nq^aasaion^yi HeoCuBHOBeBHUH'b paBBOofipaaieMi 
oAeacAu h aoopyseflia OTAtJbHUXi OTpaj^Bi; xoth mu npa- 
cBaTpHBaJOiCb BBAajeaa, mli ace tbrh Hacqarajoi naxb bjh 
luecTb BBAOBi» BOopyseHia 11 OAesAu; Soite Bcero 6poca«iacb 
B'b rjiasa laiaejiaa Raaajiepiii^ BaaoBaHHaa B'b acejiao, aa Ma- 
aepi nojibCRift, ho sto BOopyaaeHie, ne BMta aepxHefi noRpuaiRH, 
RBRoro HH6yAb nian^a , aaBajiocb ntwb to HeoBOHqcHHUHi i 
Morjo HaaecTH aa HUCJib , tto aa jiomaAaxi charts rojue 
jiidAh; Apyria oxpaAU 6ujih B'b manRaxi^ aoTopBie Kb Taaott 
CTeneau nopraiB bbai* acaAHBBa, wo aysHO yABBJiaTbca, Boay 
BTo flpHffliio wh rojoBy BUAyvBTb Taayio cMfemayH) mpay. 
•lerRaa Raaajiepia Al^ficTBBTejibHo Morja 6uTb uaBaaaa leraoio, 
iiOTOHy qTo BcaAaHRH ae hm%ih Apyraro apyariB) apoirt npooToil 



- 5 — 

najKH, a Kom mi fiuin TarL TOiqH, qTO, h AyHaio, h npyo- 
CBitt B030Ki» 6uii 6u vmi He uoxi CHiy , t^mi He HeHte ohh 
Rasa iHCb AOBOJBHO 6oitKHMH: Cujiii en^e oipflA'B, cocTaBieHHuft 
Hdi jODxeft nosH<iuxi>, ci a<khhhumh fiopoAaiiH, oa^tuxi bi 
EopoTKie TOMHOcipue niauiH^ ci ysKHHH^ ocrpoHOHeqHUHH xa^ 
nHmoHaMM, towo 6paTbfl MUHopiru, otl Boiopuii ohh otjih- 
qajHCb TOibso paraop^THUiiHc aa^TaHami h hcdoahhitl niaTb- 
BWh. Saiyio ntJLb^ Easoft cmuchi Hufiia axa o^esA^? mu 
HHKaR'B He MoriH AOTdAaTbCf . RaBajiepiH axoft npoH360XHjrb 
y^eHbe laKoft to RHasb H)pilt BftpoaTHO cb toh) nfbAbH), too6li 
cojAaTu , paaoitAflCb no xoMam , 6uih o6pa3i(eM'b a'a APy- 
THii, a Moserb 6uTb AJi< Toro, qioSu noKasaibCfl nepeA% 

HaMH. 

cHa TpeTifi A^Hb Basiero npe6uBaHifl Kb Kobh% npiixajii 

RaSOtt^l'O OpHABOpHUft H BOAfl^l 3a HRMli OpHHIJIH dRHHaSH 

(pojazdy), BepxoBua JiomaAH h Bce Heo5xoAHHoe a^a yAoOnaro 
nyTH, EBFb 6yAT0 mu ftxaJiH aa cothh iiHJib Hani'b iipeasHitt 

npOBOAHHRli, fiOipHHli MHlBBOHrb, HpHBej'b Rb HBHl 9T0r0 qu- 

HOBHHRa yxpoMi, RorAa mu ToibRO qxo bctbih h npoqjiH hbuih 

MOJIHTBU. HaSBBHie ero AOJISHOCTH COOTB^TCTByeTl* jaTHHCROHy 

piuceriia, huh ero OTTonap'b OciuROBHqi, eiiy orojo 30 JtTb 

H OHl 64brjio rOBOpHTb HO Hi^Mei^EH. Owb npoHSHecb npHBtT- 

CTBie OTi HMeHH CBoero rocyAapa^ HaroBopHJH GeBAHy Bi^iBjai- 

BOCTeit H XOT^JTb BHBTb, XOpOHIO m MU 6UJIH HpHHHTU, BCXy- 

iiBBi Bi> npeAluaa jnTOBCRaro rocyAapcxBa^ TOiqacrb sbo yanaJiH 
Hu wb Eewb onuTHaro npHABopHaro, Teqenie eropibm noRasajio 
Ravb, iiTO oHb HayqHicH nameMy aauRy wb Phf^, nocji'6 mu 
Bb BTOMi) y6l^ABJiHCb, RBR'b 6yAeTb BHAHO Hdi AaJibHMmaro 
pascRasa. IIpflMOTOH) xapaRxepa h Heo6uRHOBeHHOio npeAynpe- 

AHXejEbHOCTbH) dTOTb HO^TeHHUfi JHTOBei^'b SBCJiyaiHJI'b HaHie 

nojHoe yaaseHie ; xotr ero iiio6o8HaTeJibHocTb npeaocxoAHJia 

npeA^JU CKpOMHOCTM, HO OpMRpUTBH bI^SJEHBUMH ^OpMBMH, 



OHa Bupasa lacB laRi HesaMi&THo, MUMOXOfloirB, ^o mi noeTOAHHo 
6ujiH wb onacHOCTH npoOoiTaibCfl h hotomj CTporo sa oodoio 
Ha6jiiOKajin. h% totl se jsfiEh SoflpfnTB Mhjchrohtb npocmuca 
cb HaHH H nonjBijiii na CBoeMi cjAHt, HtoaHOMi, n lOp- 
6ypry. Hu saxoT&jii ysHaxb o hb% eamero BUts^^a h o m1^- 
CT^^ T^t yBHpH'b BejHRaro ERfisa, Hami» npoBOAHHR'B oT^ajTb 
nepBoe na bojieo namy ^ o6ihbhb%, qTo bo BCHRoe apeMH, Bce 
SyACTi roTOBO pa nyTemecTBifl ^ OTHocHTejibfio se Mftcra co- 
o6ipEJ['B, mo BnjibHa, mwb mu loro h mejajni^ ^jjifiTb npe- 
A^Jioirb Haniero CTpaHCTBOBaRia. DojiyqiiBi raRcifi otbI^tti, mu 

npOHCAUJIH Wh ROBH% pOBHO CTOilbRO^ ^ITOOU yCH'^Tb yjlOSHTb 

HaniH Ben^n^ noAapRH n TOBapu, ROTOpue bbbjih cfb HaHH nauiH 
Ryni^u; TaRHirb o6pa30Mb na oflTHaAiiiaTuft A^Hb^ no BuisA^ik 
HameMi ii3'b ParHHXu, Buixajni mu hbi Koana, a na boc€n- 
HBAi^aTufi ABHb T. e. 1397 roAa, 22-ro iioHfl npii^xajiH bi 
BHJbuy, 3a ABa qaca ao saRaxa cojiHi^a. F ropoACRHXi Bopon 
nacb BCTpl^TiiJi'b HaMlbcTHHRi>, AjibOepTi MoHHBHAi> H Mapiuajii 
HHOHTb, ORpyaReHHue pbisiapcTBOBrb h ropoACRHim qHHOBHHBaiin. 
MonaxH opAena cb. OpanqncRa^ MnHopniii, ctohjih npeAi* Bopo- 
TBMfl cBoero MOHacTupa. r^ npHBi^TCTBya hbcx, npRrjacR jh BoiiTH 
Bi i^epROBb Ji^^BU HapiH, TBRi Ra3biBaeMyH) «iia RecRaxi>'. 
SAHHie dTO BucxpoeHo h3i RasiHB, HO noBpeaiA^ABoe nosapoMi, 
cTOHTi noRa 6631 RpbimH, TOJbRO nacTb ero^ Roe-RaRi* noRpu- 
laa^ cjyffiHTi ^m 0TnpaB.i6Hifl Sorocjiysemfl. B^ahhc Moflaxii 

ROTOpUMli MU pOBABJlH MHJKOCTUHH) , paBGRaBUBaJIR RBMl^ <iTO 

BejrnRiR Rnasb p'&mRJiofl na Go6cTBeHHutt cqerb BoacTanoBHTb 
MOHacThipb R qtpROBb R MTo yse osHA^^i^ Pfl d'Foro peMec- 

jeHHRROBb H3^ Jyi^BB. V BOpOTl SBMBB npHB^TCTBOBaJH Haa 

ABopane ee^iHRaro KHasa ^ no o6w\slk>^ cl ui6owh coibfo u 
aySROMi. iiHBa, noAReceHHUMR na 3041070111 OjioA'b; TyT^ com.iH 
MU Cb ROHoft H ni^mie, b^ conpoBOffiAOHin 3HaqHTejbHaro qacja 
npnABopHuxi> H pui^apett , nonum b^ RaeeApaJibautt coSopi. 



- 7 - 

/](yXOBeRCTBO BCTp^TH^rO HaCl C^ Rap JaMH H CB BOAOH) ; UOCJI'6 
^paTKOfi HOJHTBU MU OTnpaBHJHCb B b .OTBeAeHHOe HBHl noMt- 

ii(6Hie, KOTopoe naxopjocb b% tomii me HHsneMi bjih, RaR7> 
oduKHOBeHfio ero HasuBaiOTii, kphbomi> saMRik. JIfiWh Hanii a^- 
peBfiHBiiM, HeABBHo BucTpoeHHuit JiesHTb HaA'B Bejiiefi n hb- 
3iiiBaeTCfl nocojibCRHiini ABopoHi>, ho oin> tbrii xopomo yRpl^n- 
MWb^ ^To csopl^e cj^Ay^Ti HasBaTb ero xeNHHiiieK). TaMi> 

BCTpftTHJH MU BCflRlfl yAOGCTBB H BpiflTHOe OTAOXHOBeHiO 110- 

cjt Aoponi, xoTfl oHa BOBce iie 6uja yTOMHTeJibHa. IIpHXOAH- 
MCh HaHi 6uTb Bi> ffocjax'b y HHoruxi HHOCTpaHHbixi> rocy* 
Aapett, HO A04SH0 npH3HaTbCfl , ^xo HHFAt ne BaxoAHJiH hu 
TaBHXi yAo6cTBi>, tbrofo paAyuiia h tbrofo nopBARa bo BceHi, 
BBKi Tenepb bi JIhtb^. FocTenpiBHCTBO jiHTOBi^eBii thwb euifi 
npiflTHie, ^To rocTb y hhxi> coBepmeHHO cBo6oAeH'b h a'^JI^^T'l, 
mo xo^erb, hhrto 6031 HaAo6HocTH ri HeMy He HBJifleTCfl, Hi^rb 
HdjnttiHefi, HaBflsqHBofi iipeAynpeAHTejbHocTH^ a mtiBAy I'^Mb 
BCBRoe flsejiame oxotho h HeiieAJieuHO HcnojiHfleTCH. ficb a^h^ 

Ubie RBMl CJiyrH rOBOpBJH no HtMCI^RH, TBR'b ^TO Mbl 6UJH 

RaKi AOMa H wb nepeaoA^HRt HameHi cobc^mi He HysA^^i^^^^) 
3T0 6U10 Tbwb Sojii^e iipifliHo, uto owl saxBopaji xoTqac'b 
no npiSuxiH, xoxa oqeHb CRopo noopaBHJCfl. OjyasHxejiH bbuih 
npHBejiH Ri Hexy jieRapa, no BUAy npocxaro RpecxbHHHHa^ ro- 
xopuS, ooRoxpi^Bi 6ojibHaro h He^ero ne cnpamHBaa, He npo- 
MOJiBHBi> Ad^6 cjOBa , AO^TBJ b H3ii xop6bi , BHCtBuiett y Hero 
<iepe3i njeqo, noJoxuHHHuti Mtme^OKi c% BaBoio xo xpaaoio, 
SpocBJii ero b'B ropmoKb cb boaok), BCRHnaxHji'b h, Rp^nRO 
BusaB^ xpaay, cM^mai'b nojiyqeuHuit nacxoit ci RptnRRMi 
MCAOMi. BojibHoit nam^ ^ BunHB'b xaaoro cnaAoOba, na APyroit 

Se HfiEb 61111 dAOpOBli H SaBli, 06UBH0BeHH0, %J1 H mjL'h 

Cb aimeTHXOMi. 

c^pitxaB^ Bi fiMJiBHy, mu HeBacxaiH BeJHRaro BHasa, 
HO HaM'b ORasaJH, nxo owb cRopo npiiA^xi^ 23-ro npamJiH 



- 8 — 

HamH o5o3u. Bi toti se j(6Hb HaBicTRJH MU kE]i$M enRCKona 
BB leHCRaro: bto cxapei^^ npcRpacHoft sapyaiHocTH, 6oApiiiS, py- 
MAHHuft, BUcoRaro pocxa R nojiBKitt, roBopRTi 6irjio no idrsmt 
H, pa HHOCTpaHua, AOBOtibHO xopomo uo HJ^Mei^BH; ohi npRisji 
HacL ci TaRHMii BeAEmwb^ BibaRjiRBOCTbH) H djaroQecTJeirb, 
qxo Mu jfjmm^ qxo HaxoARMca npeAi iRi^eMii caiiaFO nanu. 
Om mvAeTb eecpaBaeHHO 6ojobmee SRaveHie, qtM^ einiCBonBi 
HamH RiH repHaHCRie. PadroBopii men HCRUoqHX&ibHO o npe/(- 
Mexaxi pejRriosHUX'B ; enHCRoni yBtpRAi Hac%, qro JbrBa 
oxjHqaexcfl oco66HHUM:b yoepAiem n'h xpHcxiaHCxay e anojiHi 
noRopna Bei^Eiawb cxojihi^u anocxoibCRoft. Owb i^&iuft B/bwh 
nposHJi'L mesAy ^RXOBi^aMR h xopomo saaexi axoxi HapoAi»« 
lerao noAAaiootiftcfl npHMl^paM'b, noAaBaeituMii orb BepxoBHoM 
BjacxH ; oxBpoBeHHO MiiCRasaAii R xo, qxo Jlnxaa, ocxaBRBii rsu- 
uecxBO, fioxopoe 6ujo ocHOBaHieMi ea HapoAHOcxH) naxoARxcR 
Ha nyxH ri» HBifbHeHiH) CBoeft i^HBHJiHaauiH wb aanaAHorapo- 
neftcRyio, npa newb BupasHJH naAesAy? ^nx) axorb uyxb ne 
6yAerb a<bh hca ctoih xepHHCXUM'B, rrri hu npyccoBii. Hejbdfl 
GjbMO cepAHXbOfl aa ynpeKi, BupaseHHioft ci xbroh) A^acax* 
Hocxbio; npiaxHufi h RpacHopt^HBufi cxapei](7> oqapoaajii nacb 
CBORMii npieHOMi. BcRop^ nocJii namero npnxoAa pasAaica wb 
SiHRsaftmeJi ROHHaxi^ cepe6pncxufi aayRii ROJOROJibqiRa; eoRO- 
ROHi Bcxaj['b, qxo ROHe^HO CAl^Jiam HeMOAieHHO h m, hhsro 
uawb noRjoHHJicfl h npocnjn> pasA^^Jiaxb c^ wwb ero y6oryio 
xpanesy, rofab ase mu BypaaiajiH Hamy SjiaroAapnocxb emfi 60- 

Jl&e BRdRHlfL nORJEOHOHl, HOCJIUmaJICfl BXOpoft BBOHORl. IIpR 
BXOA'b B'b CXOIOByK^ HRMIi HOAaiH BOAy AM yMOBeHlH pyRi, 

nocji'b Mero caiii> ohhcrouii fijarociOBHj'L nrni^. MhI^ yRasaii 
nepBoe M'bcxo h, ROXAa a oxRaauaajicfl aanaxb ero^ oGihcheji, 
qxo Bi Noeit ocoSib ohi» bha^i^'i* h xoqexi noqxHXb aeiHRaro 
MarHcxpa, aoxoparo saaHie bi xpHCxiancRofi iepapxin aume r 
aaciyaReHHi^e a^m^xohhcxbr eoHCRona h t^mii 6oi&e emmona 



- & - 

fifliMCBaro, naoTupfl ctoib Moioxaro eqe CTaxa. 3a ctmomi 
CHX&Di ci flam ejue Tpu npejaia r ABa Cpaia HHHopHia. 
CroaoBafl oCinipHa h wcto BuOfiieHa, Ha crtHaxi ea ai'TB 
H9jTE\b yipameaitt , KpoMft ofipasa pacnaTaro GuacHiejia na 
FjaBHottoTopoHt, 3a TocTOJii BOBce H6 uo HOHafflecBH 6hiA% yc- 
TaBjienii 6iiOAaMH h yBpameHi; CRaiepTb BeiHKOJiimafl, njAr- 
Haa ci mflpoBOK) c6pe5pflH0K> 6axpaM0B), cocyAU m'b ^Hciaro 
cepe6pa^ tbki bbk^b jifiBb Siui cy66oTHiil h BaHyH'b npasA- 
HHKa loaHHa BpecTHTOJUi, TO HacB yron^ajifi tojbbo puChumh 
H MyqmiMH OjuoAanH, xaBse oBon](aM£ h neqeHbaMH bb MeAy; 
Bce BTO Hu aannaajni npeBOcxoAHUMH HanHTRaMH. BciaBii £3i 
aa CTOia h yMUBi ppH , mu noSjaroAapfliH Bora h xosHHHa 
H npH npoiqaHbH npodum no3BOj[eHifl ocMoipi^TB KaeeApa^bHutt 
coOopi; emcBoni otb^thjib, qio co6opB nocxoAHHO oTBopeHi 
Ail seiaioiitHXi hoihtbca Bory, ffiuh h HOMb ropaTB bb homi 
ReyracaeMue ofbh, a cjiysHTOJiH ajiTapfi, ne npecxaBau, bo3ho* 
cflTi xaajiy BceBumHeiiy. 

cIIO npHfiUTIH AOMOft, MU fffiimRhL 6IUJH OfipOCHTb Cb COGfl 

aepxHee njiaibe h HficROjibRO OTAOxnyTb, noTOiiy qxo A^Hb ObUfb 
oqeHb sapaitt. BeqepoMi npHCJiaHi* Suji hbhb otb emicRona 
npoBOAHHK'L, ciapuft CBHn^eHHHR'b cb 6'&jiUMH BOJiocaHH Ha ro- 
lOBft H 6opoA&, oHi Otiai umoM'b RanHTyjiu, poAOHi ffbMei^, 
Rasercfl hsi AyreSypra h aasuBajica BepBajTbAi; c^b imwb 
ompaBHjHCb Mu Bi co6opi» yne hb daaaT^ cojihi^b. SAanie aa- 
eeApu nopaaaerb CBoeio rpoMaAHOCTbio , oho npeACxaBJiflerb 
npoAOiroBaxoi qexupeyrojibHHBi , BUcxpoeHflbifl mb RHpnaqa 
H Sojite noxoaiit aa He5oJibnioe yaptoj^Hie, h^wl hb pepaoBb^ 
Oao B08ABHHyxo na m1^ct'& aP^bhato asbiqecEaro xpaMa, roto- 
paro cxfiHU ooxajmcb HexponyxuMH, sa ucRJioqeHieMX nepeAHeit, 
yRpameHHoft bi coapeMeHHOMi aaycib; BHyxpeHHocxb n ^HCJto 
OROHi, RoHeuo, H3MftHeHbi. OrpoMHafl Rpunia, oxatqaion^aH 
coniROii^b SoabHiott mHpHH'b 3AaHiH^ onHpaexcH hb paAi^ nHia- 



— 10 — 

cxpoB'L^ no yraaMir en qerupe 6auieHiifii^ no nfii oi Kaaxaro 
6oKa H eii\e ipn APyrifl aa pe6pt fipuiuH, Tasi 4To o^ea npn- 
xoAMTCfl Ha BepoiHHt j[ujQ(eBolt CToponu, f^yuM Ha saxnefi, a 
Tperba bi* caMQft cepoAHH'b (fipuuiH). JLmfiEHfi ciopoHa b'l Bep 
XHefi uacTH BAdHifl ipeiyrojibHafl h HHqi^M'L ne yRpameHa, 

BpOMl^ OBOHl), BI) KOTOpUX'L BHCflT'b fieSoJIblUie ROJOfiO^. Bfly- 
XpH TpH pflAa TOJICTUX'L lULIUCTpOBli pa3A'&JIflH)T1> COSopi Ha 

qexupe upeA^^ia; rjiaBHuQ ajiapb otohti> na M'^cxt cxojib nm- 
Maro fl3U«iHHfiaMH^ ueyracaBUiaio orna, KpoM^ xoro hhofo ai- 
xapeit BI3 rjiyOuut npeA^^iOBi h okojio nHiacxpoBt, ohh yspa- 
lueHhi MHOsecxBOMb HoaaM'bqaxejibHbix^ Bnpo^eNj>, opHaneHxoBi; 
oxA'&JibHbiH, ofipyseHHUfl pl^uiexBaMH Ml^cxa^ uxo xo BpoAt sa- 
HJiHi^B , xaB»e noKaaajHCb mfn ne oco6eHHo HBanpiuNH , 3a 
xo noBCH)Ay caepEaiox'B Ojiccboiu'l AoporaxL MexauoBi Kan- 
Aejifl6pu H padHbie CB'bxHjbHHEH^ cxoHHue H BHCHqie; H^KOXopufl 
o6pa3a 6oraxo yKpameHbi h caRpHCxifl aobojuiHo apocxpaflHafl. 
HaArpoOHUxi naMHXHHEOB'L wbrb. 

cCyMpas'L^ rocnoACXByBODutt n'b Bxofl cbotuh'^, HpOHSseiii 
Ha HacL BBKoe xo MOJiaHxojiHMeGBoe BneuaxjitHie , qefliy hhofo 
coAMcxBOBajb OARooopasHuii nau'bB'L xopHCXOBii, noBxopfiB- 
mHXi> ncajiMU b^ uyOHHt oahofo mi^ npeAl&J[0Bi>. BApyrb nl^aie 
npcEpaxHJioGb H bxi eohi^I^ npaaaro npoAlMa noEaaaiocb 6ih- 
cxaxejbHoe ocBl^u^eme; xo Gujih cat^H^ sasaBeHHua na aixapi 
loanna specxHxejifl, oeojo Eoxoparo cxoaoHjicfl napoA^s npesx^, 
fiecHoxpfl Ha CBOH) MHoro^HCJieHHOcxb , noqxH HC^esaBiuifi ei 
rpoMaAHOMi» SAaaiH. Gsopo ycjiumajH mu CBfloteHHHRa, n'bBDiaro 
Be^epHH), ero CMtHUjii oMOHb rapNOHHueckitt xop'b^ soxopuit n 
CBOK) o^iepoAb 6biJii sarjiymeH'b MysuBofi^ 3arpeMl&Bmett na Bepx- 
Heft rajepe'6 , EaEyio HMl^exi> Ea»Aufi npe^l^n co cxopoau 
iiaBHaro bxoab. Tpy6bi, ioOoh, OydHU, orpoHHbie eoxjiu H3/|a- 
BBJiH cxojib Moryqie sayRH, qxo aaaajHCb fiojte BoenHoio, H%Wb 
i^epsoBHoio MydURofi, HO Bi) axflxii 3ByBax'b Oujio cxpJibEO rap- 



— li - 

MOMIH H MyaiiKajaiffOCTH, OHH CTilXajlETaRl>UOCTen6HfiO HHiSfiOil 

Ha£OHeii'i> Hcqe3j[u bi> TaKOMi> upeKpacHOM^b, MyseciBeHHOMii n'6HiH : 
« Gloria Patri et Filio» et caet., qxo mbi Obijui nopaseflu wb buc- 
mefi cxeqeHH. Raseicfl , ^to axon cnocoGi ornpaBjaHJa 6oro- 
cjiyseHifl npH xaRott ssyHHott My^urib h otjh^homii irkEm ecTb 
caMufl ijmsDA pa Hapo^a, Koxopuii, HCAaBHO ocxaBHB'L aau- 
qecTBO^ TpeSyexL CHJUbHMi'L bh^iuuhxii Bue^aiJii^HiJi , 4to6bi 

BDOIHt npOHHKHyTbCfl 6jiarorOBi^Hi6Ml> BTb Bory UCTHHHOHy. 

Hpu npoHBHeceHiH aiOBi>: < Gloria Patri », HapoA% nsjifiijrb Ha 
3eMJiiD, qxo CA'&iaiH h mu, MKh Su ya'bpeHHue bi» npncyx- 
cTBiH upecB. Tpoui^u, KorAa se aanl^jiu tMagQificat», BaaBOHHJiH 
Bi EoioRoia, BHCfliifie Bii nepeAHHX'L ORuaxi> co6opa. OajslbAh* 
Hoft KOJEOROJibHH nAiHi ^ ecTb, npaB^a, iipeA'B bxoaom'l bi coOopii 
spyrjafl 6amHH^ ho HOJiofiOJiOB^b Ha Heft ho bhaho, ctohti» OHa 
Oesi fipuuiH H 6ojite uoxoaht'l na o6opoHHTejibHoe yfip!&njieHie, 
<i'bMi> Ha BOioKOJibHH) H OKua ea, Bucofiia n yBKia, paBM^n^eHU 
He oAH0o6pa8H0 h HenpaBHJiBHO, 

cBosBpaTHBuiucb AOMoft, Mbi BacxajE y ce6fl qnHOBHHKa, 
npHCJiaHHaro 6oflpHHOHi> Amohxomii; nocji^ oSumhuxi B'bsjift- 
Bocxeft, OB'b cnpocHJTB HacL Ha jinxoBCROHi flsuRl^, qpe3B ne- 
peaoA^URa, upiaxHUMii jth HaxoAHHi mu name npeSuBanie wb 
BnjibHi^ u He sejiaeHii m qero HH6yAB, HaRonei^ npHSaanji'L, 
He npHRaseMi m conpoBOSAaxb ce6fl bo ABopei^ii naMtcxHHRa 
H RHRoe yroAHo hbm'l 6yAexT> HaBHaqnxb j^m axoro apeMH? 
Ceftqacb se noi^xatiH hu BepxaHH c^ dmwb qHHOBHHHOMii 
^ipesi HHffiHifl Bopoxa, na npeAMl^cxbe, nasbiBaeMoe JlyRHUiRH 
(Lusctsci), rA^ HirbJi'b CBoe ji^XHee HtcxonpeObiaaHie SoapHHi 
HoHHBHA'b. Tani HaniJH mu MHoro M^cxnaro pBiitapcxBa, ro- 
xopoe BCxpi^xHjio naci ciy HeofiuRHOBeHHbiM'b paAymiejirb, noAaaaa 
HaiTb pyKy, xojibRO padSofiHHR'b OaaHb (Jansusius) ne 6biJi> bi 

dTOM'i) C06pauiH) XOXflMUnOJIOSHXeJIbHO 3HaeM1>, qXOOH'LB'bBHJIb- 

H'b, Bl^poflXHO ero My^ax^ yrpuaeaia cobI^cxh^ ho ocxaBHM'b axo na 



— 12 - 

cyA'b Soisifi H 6jjifiWb roBopmrb o tomi^ nro mfteirb nepefb 
rjiasajiui. 

cIIjipmeCTBO B^MJQCb MySUKOJD , 06iiI«H0D y IHTOfil^eBX 

npoHdBOAfliiteK) cTOJibBO luyMB) 4T0, npaBo^ mojuo oxyptn on 
Hero, HO Bce thkh thxo nrpaBHiie bi npoMesyTiax'B vHCTpyifeHTH 

H npiflTHOe fll^Hle HH BSURI^ HaMb HenOHHTHOMli) EM'blH HTO 

TO MejoAHqecsoe, CHJbfio xBaiaBmee 3a cepAue. Mu chx&jh sa 

OrpOMHUU'b, OBBJIbHUH'L CT010M1> , Bl HpOOTpaHBOtt SOMHaTft) 

ocBiqeHHofi BOCKOBUMH CB^qaiiH; BasAUfi c&Jnf^, tj^ loiftii, 
noTOMy mo bi* o6n^ecTBi^ bcI^ paBHU. iBaia juxoBi^aMi, ^to 
OHH coxpaHfliorb 9to xpHCTiaHCRO-pui^apcRoe paaeHCTBo (co Bpe- 

MCHH BOSBpaqeHifl BI CBOHHI BeiHEarO RHflBH BflTOBTa), MO- 

asoTb 6uTb, cb 6oj[bUieK) xo^Hocibio, Hesejni mu. He hojlio 
Topl^m CBtqu , cibBepaafl HO^ib uponiJia HesaHJ^THO h Cucipo. 
yroH^eflie 6biJio pui^apcKoe, ne cRasy, mioH oho 6iuo noxoxe 
Ha i^apcRifi nnpi. yase 6ujio cbI^tjio, Rorxa mu OTnpaRUROb 
AOMoft, Bi xopouiBxii BRHnaffiaxi, bii conpoBOSA^Hia npHABop- 

HUXli AP&6^HT0B1> ; H3'b HaHlHX'b, HOMHHTCH MH!&, He 6UJ[0 HI 

OAHoro, ROTopufl 6u yixajcb aepxoMi, ntooTopue ABse BopoiH- 

JHCb He TBRli CROpO. EflfiB Hl^CROJlbRO ^BCOBl HOCBflTHB'b OTAOXHO- 

BeniH), MU AOJiBEHU 6uj[H BCTBTb H HATH ME ciyuiafflfl jHTyp- 
rlH B% i^epROBi CB. Ahhu, MU Honum h^qiromii, noroMy w) 
i^epROBb j[e2BHTi> HOAajieRO) B:b orpaA'6 aaMROBUxi ctbm. Vor 
ujBi BeAyn^afl Kb HeM oScaiseHa jianaMH h RpoMi xoro mho- 
secTBO MOJOAUX'b A^P^BbeBii pocTeTL no 6epery ptRM. dra 
Hoaaa CBflTuna ORpyiseHa npeapacHUMH caABMH, RpaoMUfl Bep- 
xyniRH eH 6ameHb h 3040T0 ea RpecTOBi oco6eHHO srhbohhcho 
BucxynaiDTii hsi* pocRomnoft, oRpysaion^eit hxi sejieHM; nocrpo- 
eHHaa aecbMa HOAaBHO, ona, rbrii Mucjib aseaqHau, oTiH^aeT- 
CH RpacoTOH) M cxpottHOCTbH) ^ MtCTOHOJioseHie ea , RBRI II 



*) I^epKOBb CB. Ahhu nocTpoena BejiuKOD KoorHHeD , cynpyroD BiTOBTt, 

AbBOD CBXTOQiaBOBBODy 6UBBieD KBilSBOD eVOJieflOKOt. 



- 13 - 

ittiaro Sana, HH3iieHHo, a sa MeHbmeft ptooii (BueftEoM), 
TeKyiqeS bti iiphxotj[hbuxi> H3BopoTaxi> aaqiiHaiOTCfl aucosia 
Kiropbfl^ TasHMi oOpasoMi ci aTo(t cropoau ofiopoaa saiica 
HajieasBa, co CTopoHU »e ropoAa TUBexcH ^Tibaa h3'b Mpmna 
n qacTbM) aai Ramifl. B^jihsh iiepEBH mu saicbTHJH TpH CamsH; 
ra, KOTOpaa aaxoAHTCfl aa auyqaal^ pftaa, a^^ojibho yapto* 
jeHHaa^ ocTajKHua AB'b He3HaHHTeju>HU. y Asapett i^epKBH Boxpt* 
TMi Hacb ea nacToaTejib, aaaaoMutt yse najH'B CBflqeHBHK'b 
BepBBJibA'i'i OHi iiOAaJi> Ha|[i» ca. boau h oiciysHn o61^AHio» 
Ha BoaBpaTHOMi nyTH ooRaauBaJiH hbhi aa upaaoft CTopoaib 
HeOojiboiyio Hficoaaio, nepeA^MauHyiD Hai aau^eoRaro xpaMa, ea 
HapysHutt HEKb He uMteTi bi ce6t aaqero npiBJeaaTeibaarow 
^enb 24 iioaa Suji* apiiapoqHuit a iiOTOMy mu ae buxoahjih 
H3i> Aova; paao^ nepeA^ uo^newb^ nod^Tiuni aacb enacKOffB 
Anxpett H Akobi, aaqaibaHRift oTOfim hhhophtob'B) iioToii'b npa- 
10641 OoapHirb OrroRapi a aftCKMbao MHHoaiiaROB'b, aoTopue 
ocTajacb y aacb oOi^AdTb. noweaaHft npoaoAHHRi aaarb, ko- 
TopuS, Kain> MU yse roaopflia, acppaaaaerb npntABopayio aoji- 
SHOcTb nHHqepHU , padcaaaaji fiavb ^ aa noojito6tA6aaoit 
qauiefi, cJiiAya^ii^a uoapo6hocth asb caoeit Giorpa^ia: Maxb 
ero 6ujia poAOMi uai ^MyAH, poACxaeHHaita Maiepa aeiaaaro 
RHflsa, ea poAaoll 6parb, ahah Qixoiapa mu^ wh Farb, taA 
saaaaajTb oocrb pesBAeaTa, y qpeaueaauft nu noRpoBBmibCTaa 
JHTOBCRott ToproBJil^^ owb HaxoAaJca npa aioMit aaa^ ■? Aiaa 
aeiAy a^Mit^MH, eaM.'b CA'bja.ica nmTin abMi^eM'b. YfjumTeju^- 
Hoe oAHBROsb A^J^o , qxo oxei^b Oxrojiapa, Tparopitt Octuri 
aaHRMaaniiJt apauua AOJvaocrji. 6ujii DpaaayROMir riaaaaro 
spei^a HJM TJiaBBaro npeAa^ba^xejia^ aaropufl nocwJ^Toaajrb Te- 
AHMaay aoaoxajntwaTb RiubHy oepeaeceBieM'b aii aee ctoahi^ 
rocyxapcTaa, CBJOHHji'b se ri lOMy Raaaa, pascaaaaai eMy cohi 
BojiRt HiH jbBt sej1^3H0Hi>. dTOTi* BepxoBHuif ffpei^b npo- 
HcxoAan wyb Raasecaaro fftua^ ero ea^e pedeaaoMi aaauH a^ 

19 



- u ^ 

opJiHfioMi rnt^A^ ^ BnocjiltACTBiH oHii ffeHTt.Ycn Ha vaKoit to nm- 
»Ht H^ (»BAOB%Bii, CAtjajiCfl BejrnRHrB qepHOKHHSHHKO■^. Rami 
6yAto ocoSoHHafl wcTb 6uti» ^OTOHRON^ ^fapoA'bfl! ho .. Ra»j(uK 
HapoA^ HMterb cboh jiypHMfl h xopomifl cropoHH. flocit no^iyAHi 
iipHiuejrb CBflHieHHHRi BepnajbA^ ci Apy^HM^ npeiaToii^, poAoin 
qexoMii^ npH HHXii onflTb bosoGhobhjich paaroBopx o yapoxtl 
npeARt Hamero noMTeHHaro nHHuepnu h, ho hoboat ^ro, iiepe 
Hiejii Ri AP^BHeii CBflTUHt nepRyna, o ROTopott Mti yauaJin 
cjtAyiOHUfl HHTepecHUfl hoapoGhocth , paBCRaaaHHUfl Bepsajb- 

AOHi: Ha TOMl MtCTb, tAi CTOHTB Tcoepb RHOeApaJIBHUfi CO 

6opi, 6ujio oSuiRpHoe npocTpaHCTBo^ ORpyseHHoe RHMeHHofi crt- 
Hoit; B^ cpeAHffb ero , iioai> T^Hbio oqeHb cTapux'b xj6on, 
CTOflJii iRepTBeHHutt ajrrapb, Ha ROToponb, npeA'b HCTyRaitain 
llepRyna h apY I'in^ 6oroBi» . noMftn^eHHUMi irb HHrnaii , ro- 
ptj^ , Heyracaa , oroHb , noqeiy Bce sA^Hie ocTasa jocb Sen 

RpUUIH HSI dTOfi TO H8fil46CR0ft CBHTUHH nepOCTpOHJIH HUflt- 

mHioio RaeeApy h Tani rbrii orftHU orpasAajH ciHmKOin> oih 

pOROe UpOCTpafiCTBO, TO HOCTaBJlOHU 6hLM TpH pflA^ nHJIflCTpOlTL, 

KOTopue iioAA^psHBaiorb hotojiokii h Rpimiy. IIpH fHH^iToseHiH 
cil^AOBi UBuqecTBa, bcA A^peBbfl orojio xpaiia DepRyHa 6ujh 
BupyGjieHU, BHtoHfla CTi^na yHHvroiReHa, ncTyRanu HJin coi- 
»eHu HJiH c'b npHBflsaHHUMH RaMeHbHMH SpoHieHEi Bi ptsy. 
MeTajDiqecRie »e nojoManbi na RycKH. Kpyrjaa Oanma, npew 
oxpaHSBuiafl BxoA'b, cTOHrb ho nepoAi^jraHHafl, ee oSparan bi 
ROjioROJibHio, RorAa npHBoayT'b 6ojibmie ROjrosojia. PascRaafiaaJH 

HaM% 9TM CBflfl](eHfiHRH fif^nHOAhCKOWb HaBOBAOHIH H pa3- 

jiHqHux'b qyAocaxi, npH HOAaBHeiii oOpaiqemH JIitbu, KnofM 
Borb coHSBOMJii noRasaTb rpyOoiiy asuqecROMy HapoAy A^ Y^' 
Bep»A6fiifl cBHToft npaBAU^ onycTHHi bth noiq^OnocTH, ROTopuii 



*) PtHb HAerb 061) H3BtCTH0Ml> KpHBO KpHBeftlO JluaAeftst, KOTOpSJ^^ 

HMji npoii3BOAflTi orb yjlizda**, hto no jhtobckm snaHHrb rataAO. Beirfc ecTfc 
ocodenuiifi apTHKyjii vb herban'i KoajiMna. Cm. pontti. pis. hii^r. 70-7^ 



- 15 -^ 

fill tftvy ate ne HNteMii npasa oitiiCHBaTb 6e^% yTBepSA6Hifl 
auoctoncmlk Gfoama Ha irberk , r^t cTpoHTca HOBaff npH- 
xoxciaa i^epsoBb^ THRifie oroHJia flsu^cKafl'Soxflaniia;^ RaMOH- 
nan h RpMTaii, noeBfliueHHafl KaKOMy to OoxBy; OjiHdi Maiaro 
puHia, rffb pyccBaa i^epBOBb, 6uja 6oxHH^a JiHTOBOHara Ba- 
xyca. 3a 8811101% hb npexi'bcTb'b AHTOKOJb, bbioahjicb Jiftcb, 
noGBfliqeHHuS fs&bwh 66raMT> ir vh mwh AepeBflHHoe BaoHqe; 
rjf/k CTOHTb mjiutt daMOKi, y cMOJieHCBOtt xoponi, 6ujio ^to 
TO BpoA* SosHBi^u, AHBBO ytpaifleHHoit. TaBHMii o6pa8oirb fl3iii- 
Heaaii Bh ahb A^ficTBHTejiMO feura raftaAoiii qeproBOBoil Btpu; 
xail BoFB) mo6u oua ohobb bi aeft ho noBBHJiacb! 

cBevepovB npiSujii v% Hani 6oflpHBi» OnoBapii h npiir- 
lacfliii EMTb OTnpaBBTBCfl Ha Mibcrro Hapoxuaro npasAHecTaa; 
dTon npaaxmiB^ (loaraa vpecTirrejiB) ihtob](u npasAHyiorL 
o6qe Ob pyccnHH, y Hepmni offb HaauBaerca tPocca*^ y 
irropmi» «Bynejib». Ha Boororaott CTopoet ropo^a jesurb 
pyccRBH eio6oxa, fopbeBCKaa hih CBffrcmpbeBCKaH, 3a H610 no 
ffpiropKaiii» TflneTCfl jAcb, Bb BOTopoMi* orb BpeiieHH ao Bpe- 
leflH OTKpuBaiOTCfl BecejUH ao^ahhu , ycunaHHua i^toaMB, 
KaiTb 6ypo noRpiiTua necTpuMii HOBpoM'b. B*b btomi sfbcj^ no 
nparopKaifb i B'b xoMHaxi, yBHA^H mu HHOsecTBO maiameft, 
BtieroBi H pa3B6AeHHUx'b oreeit, obojto hmxi* TOJinMCfl Ha- 
po)^, c^vwh CTOflii orb ero roBopa h njbcHett^ jHJiocb bhho, 
ipynuHCb OuerpbiB mpn TaRqyidifl[Hi'b^ OAHiurb cjoaoirb, qap- 
cTBOBaio oamoe HCvpeHHee aecejibe. Jifitbe HafipojiH hu hb ao* 
MHy p4bAB<>ft BpacoTbi; cpoAH nea roptii rpoMBAHbift BOOTepi*, 
a Boipyrb CBOBajn rpynnu jhoa^ Bucoiaro cocjobia , Myn^i- 
Hu OTAlubiio orb xeeiitHHi; oahh flpoxasHBajrveb, Apyi^i^ ch- 
Ktn Ha Tpaaft, noKpuToil RoapaMH, TperbH noABptoJAMCb sa 

HH3BHMH CTOJiaHH, 6UJIH^ HaROHBI^^, TBRiO, ROTOpUO npOBOAHJfH 

BpeMfl, cjyuiBH n'bme cTapi^eab h 6a6'b, a cjiyra cBibTHjn 

lM)CROBIIIRi MSeiaHH. 0006eBB06 , eAHHCTBeHHOe Bp^JIHU^e ! K% 



- iS - 

AOBepmeHiiD Hamero yxoBoyibCTBifl cjiysHia Myauia^ paaflaBaa- 
uiaaca. nooiepoAUO^ cb AByx'b aobouho OTxajaHfiuxi npiirop- 
ROB^ , a Fopu xpyroMii nuJiajH orHeu'B , Buoaxo BLi6paouBafl 
ncspu; ropftJiH OMCflBHua Oowa h OMoncToe Aepeao. y Hacn 
wb ilpyccui 6ua B^b o6u«iat iioAo6Hue iipadpim , ho hxi 
daiipeTHJU^ Tan xairb ohh coeAHUfljiieb ci AauMeesiiiiH e6- 
pflABMH, ax^cb ffio^ Ran rbitl roBopHJiH^ 3a6aBJiflH)TCfi Oeai 
BCflROfi npiMJtoM cyeBdbpifl h hc A'bJiaiorb HHvero HenpHJvq- 
Raro; oahbrovb RftCRR H Rrpu RapoA^ aauMecRia; oxpasflM cbod 

RapOAHOCTb, QWb H6 TBRIi JieTBO OGTaBJfleTb cTapufl npHBuqiH. 

Bo3BpaiuaHCb , bha^jh mu A^peBRRRyio pyccRyiD qepROBb, ipio 
ocfitiqeHHyio; b'b Rett h ukojo rcr ctorjh eo CBft^anH tojhu 
MoiflR^arocR HapOiKa. fiaiiie to 6eao6paBHue rojomie y6opii 

OROHMaTeibfiO ROpTHlH H OeBTb TOFO Hei|»aCHBUfl Jiqa SeHRWIRl, 
BanpOTMBl ARTOBER H CaMR EpBCilBftl R rOMBIi y6Hpa»rbCo- 

BRycoMi^ a vojiOAUH flepeBeflCRia A'bByniRR xoabti npocToao- 
BOJOCHfl H 9T0 eu^e xpacHB'be : RCBycRO npviecaflRbie h npHTOii 
xapomie B04oeu ropasAO npRBjeRaxejbR'be caMiixi» R3ucB8fl- 
RUX1> yOopoB'b. 

c y xpom 25-ro iR^Ra mu Bbiui jh oGMaxpfOMm ropoAi; bo- 

CTpoeHl 0H1» Ha Hd^CT^ HBpOBHOM'b, RaiapOU ap6A|0T«RlfleT1i 

yAo6flutt cTOKii jkM BOAU, co5Rpaiou^eflefl wb fioAniMi'b nac- 
can ^ BO BpeHR iq)OJiRBHUi'b noMneA, TUhHirb oOfMiaairb yjn- 
UH uocTOBHRO cy&R H qRCTU, HTO Becbua aAopoBO. B^ Boei- 
ROM'b oTflomeaiH Roiovefiie ropoAa upeaooxoAHO, ht mein Rono 
3aiMHu^aTbcfl npR HesRaqRTejibHbix'b yRpibuieRiaxi : MHoroqic- 
leHuua B03BUui6Ria, yn^ejibR h nyfoRie o^MbTH AM^fafiiann 
BecbMa yAo6utie. c^iyqan a^h RauaAeRia aa ocaasAaiaRua'b. Dpi 
TBROMi* RojioRieRiH MORBRO ocasABioataro BnycTHTb B'b ropoAi 
R ) ORpyasHB'b , Bupl^Tb AO nocj^AHflf qejoBtea ; dun 6u 
ToabRo rapRRaoifb MyasecTBeRii r BJ^peR^ h npn tohi xopooio 
npeABOARMb,- bubvh H6fiO3Ma«0O AanecTH ocotgeHHaro ape/ia. 



- 17 ^ 

Hai. aroro cjtijyerb. wo fie mwh o sejif^anoMi bojik* h He 
iipeACRaaame uepHORHHiRnHKa ahjih FepMnny mmcjib ocnoBaTh 
3ii*rh cTOJiHuy rocyAupcTBa, ho 3HaHie Boennaro n*Jia, npn ^ieiin> 

He MorjH yRpMTbCH BWrO^M MtCTOnOJIOWCHiff. ^eAHM1fH^ SwJIli 

BejiHrnM-h itojiROBOAueMij CBoero BpemeHH h aoctohhi namero 
HOApasdHifl, xoTH OH'b H fl3£i«iHHirb. RaKoe Kpiftinsoe nojoffenie 
3aMR0Bi>! n^ BepxHem^ uru ne 5ujh, rawb KBWh npooHTb o6'b 
dT0Mi» 6ujo nenpHJH^HO, ho Aame hsxbjih npncMaTpHBaflCh^ mosho 
6uJio sanftTHTb Morynifl yRpi^nieniii; MesAy npowHi, mu hcho 

BRA^JIIf RpeCTlb H BOBHOCHH^yiDCfl RX BepXy SaHIHH) HaXOAHU^eftCfl 

TaifB i^epRBH, en ctI^hu, oSpaqemniifl Vh p^Rift HH'biorB Ha ceSt 
SpycTBcpbi. CJrpaHHoe jffejo, ropa Bta cTOHTb coBepmeHHo ot- 

JCfcjIbHO, ira paBHHHt, CO BCMi CTOpOHl» oOjiHToit p'bRaMH, a 

MesAT t6"^ Kfl BepiHHHt en ecrb hctowhri; ho snafo TojibRo, 
na RHRoll BbicoT% DORaRbiBaeTCH BOAa. B% ropoA^ AOira A^pe* 

BflHHUe^ H306HAiC A^peBH H A^ineBIBHa erO 3aCTaBJIHI0T^ yRjo • 
HflTbCH OTb HOOTpoiiRH RHMOHHUXl^ B HeiRAy TblTb BTOTb MB- 

TepbRji Rpattne onaceHi na cjiyqatl nosapa B% HRsneM'b 3aMR'6, 
KpoM% A^BHo yse nooTpoeRHaro enHCROHCRaro jtonra, RaeeApa.>ib 
Haro co6opa, 6araHH h MaraBRHOBi, Bce hbi A«peBa; OAHaRoa^ 
ct6hh b% nopflAR% h npb'<iHU, TaRSA' kMh h OGTa.ibHbiH yR- 
ptnjieiriii MHomecTBO caAOBi t)a3A%JiHiorb a^w^ ? BCTpftqaroTCH 
oMeHb CTapiJH n.ioAOBbTfl A^P^BbH, ^w AORaBHBaeTb cyn?ecTB0- 
Bapie nocf jeHiH na aroMi M*cTt eme a^ TeAHMnHa xpyAHte 
BCTptTHTb ctapoe AcpeBo Apyraro poAa, norosiy too bc* ohm 
6hjih Bbipy6JleHbi npn ofipameniH B-b xpHCTiancTBO JwiOBi^eB-b, 
KoTopbie^ RHRTi R3B*CTH0, o6oarajiH ffipev^hn^ moaobhh »e oc- 
TaBjeHW, oueBMAHo, no hxt> nojeanocTH Jly^oie oTcrpoeHHafl 
•mcTb ropoAH 3anHMaerb ero cpeAHHy, a 6ojite HacejrcHHaH hh- 

X0AHT6H b6.i|H3H HHttHflFO BBMRa KorAB Mbl CHpOCHJin , TA* 

popei^i BejHRaro rhhsh , HaM^ noRa3ajiH oSnmpHoe irrfi- 
OTo mesAy coOopoifb h BepXHHH'b saMRoirb , na HOTopoM^ 



- 18 — 

BajTflioTCfl o6j[onbh, ofiropftjue sycKH h npoaexeHi He6oyu»nioM 
RaHaj'B, 3dcopeHHutt xpaBOio. Tyrii 6fiui> ABopci^i reA0MHHa 
H OjbrepAa. ilreuo h ero SpaTbfl ne SHJHnocTOiHHOB'B BHJbfit, 

BeJlHKifi BHfl3L BhTOBTL SHBCrb HJH B'b TpoRaii , TH% OWh 

imt&Tb BejiHROj['biiHU& RaMeHHBi& saMORii Ha ocTposi^ 03epa, 
HJH B'b CTapuii TpoRaxi, Tn% ecTb A^peBaHHUft A'^opeii^'b, hjh 

tdAHTb no BOJIOCTflM:^; TaRHlTb 06pa30M'b Wb BHttHi 0Kb 6u' 

BaeTi> pi&xuin> rocxevb h Torxii nocejifleTCfl nax^ Bajiefi, 
BHxe 3aMBa, wb apeKpacHoii'L A^P^Baafioirb mml^^ aeebMa He 
6otbmowbf THR'B ^To ABop'B eco^ He HM^H TBWh wml^ms, 
pacnojiaraeioH RBK'B BOCHHufi larepb. BejHRiit RHRSb He MvAwrb 
HH oxaTU , HH mprHUX'L OHpoBi : BejHRaa RHarnHH^ Eoropaa 
qacTo conpoBOSA&^i*^ vysa wb ero no'tsABaxib no Rparo^ A^P- 
sHTb npH CBoett oGo61^ caMoe orpaHH^oHHoe wcio cjyn. 

06o3p'6Bafl ropoA^B HBBHt , Hu aaM'bTHJH , mo otiffA 
uixypMOB'b oiofi w HBrjiaAftiHCi* 9 bi .oco66HHOGTh noTepnik- 
ja Hl^cTHOCTb OROjro i^epRBH npeqHOToii . J^fiau h iioAaauo- 
BOit uacTH ropoAa;< ho BHjibqaHe cRopo CTpoan; iQnepb 
yaR'b ofiBOAflTi ropoA> ctI^hoio h 0RaHWBaiDTi> HHore aohobi, 
ropadAO 6oi%e npoMUxi h RpacHBUxi h npHioMi pacnojio- 
seHHUx'B Bb ly^meMii ^jpiopgAK'b. B'b cjiy^afi nanaAeHia^ xhtoih 
o6biRHOfieHHO cnacaiOTGa B'b Ai^cax'B , ae aadoTflCb AINidii»> 
BOTopue TaR'b jerRO buctpohtb chobh. Hajaa BrjiIh hjih, jy we 
CRadaib, coScTBeHHO Bajia (noroMy ^to APyi^^B GdjbHiaa p&sa 
Ty3eiiiiaMH HaauBaeica Nergis) HMi^eTi bucoroc uaAOHie h do- 
TOMy xeqerb oqenjb 6bicTpo , pycjro ea saaajieHo Raimiini; aec 
HOH) OHa o^eHB iraoroBOAHa h 6yp4HBa, ottofo aa aeft Htrb 
MenHHqi bi» caiiovii ropoAl^, ho hx'b hhoio wb oRpecTHOCTaxi, 
oco6eHHo Ha Sonmott pi^at. BaoBb cTpoioH^aaca npHXOACiaa 
i^epaoBb BecbMa ae BejoiRa h ^lie noxosa hb TOBapaiifi aa- 
raBHH'b; noAJi nea ycTpaHBaH)Tnb oOanipHoe RjiaAfiRHie Jl^yraa 
MaieabKaa i^epROBb ob njieSaHOWB ^mwTb 3a Qoropj^Bnuui 



— 19 — 

MOHacTupeMii 00. MHUopvTOBx; xuT^ H AepiBBflHHaH, oHa yutJil^jia 
BO BpPMfl noMtxHefl ocaAU) SjiaroAapfl CBoeMy yeAHHeHHomy no- 
.lOKeniH) cpeAH Sojboiaro KjaAfiHjiia, soTopoe CMHTaeTca Ran 
;iaBHJ^ffuiHM'h M'bcTOM'B norpeSeflifl puMCVHX'b RaTOjHKOB^ wh 
BfljibBt ; OHa BO hha cb HHBOjafl ^ eniCRona MHpvJiHRificRaro. 
PycuHu HMtioTL Sojito qepRB^^tt, HeaeaiH RaxoiHRi, ho Bcb hxii 
uepKBii Na.iiii H O^AHU, ohh laKiRe ^lyrL aioro cBHTaro, no- 
TOMy (JTO owh naTpoHi ropoAa. 

Hai> , cxapofl HCTopui Bhahu to aoctoHho BHHMaHia , mto 
Wh dmxrb iiycTMHBUx'K h jitcHCTUXi M'bcTax'B, RpyroMi> 06 
jiBTUxi. pi^RaifH, 5ujo nocejeeio b-b B6C&Ma AaBHoe yse apeMa 

H ROTAa Bl* Xill B^Rt nOBBBJiaCb 3A^^ (npH yCTbi BHJeflRH 

n Nergis) rjaaHaa cBflTUHa IlepRyHa, to npHiesan^ia cm^qhu^ 
craB^ Ros;b 3amHTy DepB^CBflH^eHHHRa, CA'6uJHCb eme HaceJieH- 
ate. FeAHUHHi^ bth cjioSoau opeapaTui B'b ropoAi^ na noAO- 
6ie ropo/ioB^ a^rpaHHMQUX'b, pycHHOB'b nocejuurb owh oTA'bJbHo 
on TyaeMi^Bi, ajkh H'btmeB'b h nojiHROB'B Haaeawj'b qacTb 
oKojio HaJieHbRott i^epRBH CB. HHRojraa. JI^UHHaa yjiHua^ npo 
GTRpaMm^tflCR orb pyAonHHcaaro B'bisAa jsfi aaiiRa , a^*bhtt> 
ropoA'b Ea ffi% uojorhhu: d^HaeattBiaa Kb BHjeflns'b — pyccsaa, 
HanpoTHBi JurroRcsaH, rAt noiiiniiaioTCH h Hlbflfmi. OSqaa hjlh 
Bcbx^ paTyina nocTpoeiia hb to)! aee ji,mmoi ynu'b, ^acTiio 

H»1i RBUHfl) qaCTilO HdT> A^P^BB , Cb OdnTHpHKQIH IBBRBMH. Cl 

nepaaro se BsrjiaAd OTJH^ajH uu pyccRHX'b h wxoBi^cB'b, tbri 
pasuiHMHU Hxi <>ii3ioHoiriH^ OAoaAB H ofiuwH. PycHHu no 6aib* 
uiefi qacTii HHaee pocTOMi, ufil^Th aoaocb HX'b RpacHOBaTufl, 
^pl6lHa|llOl^ittcfl wb puseiiy, HX'b ofibnaH i oOpaaii sh3HH, 
Tarae KaE'b h atpa, ptaao oTAi^Jtaiorb hxi oti jHTOBi^eab; 

TOprOBJIR H HtROTOpUfl peMOCJia COCTaBJVfllOTl HX'b HCRJnOMHTejb- 

Hoe saHflTie. JIHTOB^Ia aucoBaro pocTa, cb TOMHUMn^ pl^ARo 
BnojB'b tiepHUMH aojiocaHH; Oojte HpaBCTaeunu, ho Bb Bhic- 
uiett cTeneHH JitHHBU ax CEWwb AOMauiHevb oOhxoj^I^^ ^fo^nvb 



np^nm HanHTite h noTOMy menUe AocTaToqiiti , qtm pycBHu. 
Jl3iiiR% napoAa JHTOBCKitt, bI^tbl npyccsaro. roaopHin Haiii», 
nTo MesA^ t%hh h aPYHimh (t. e jHTOBi^aMH h pyccRHMn) 
ecTb o^eHb SoraTue Bympi, ho cbmbhii naifb yfitAHTbCff kl 
TOMi> HG 6uj!o cjiy^afl. Hi^Hi^u cl 6oji>nioio BuroAoil saaHiia- 
lOTCfl ToproBJieft h peirecjiaMH ; ohh He c5jH]KajiHCb ci Haim, ^to- 
Su He HBBJieqb noAoap^mtt npaBHTejbCTBa h noroMy mu hc 
HorjTH ydHBTb, ^TO /^JiaiOTb Tyrb pHisaHe, xoth h Bnajni ofi-b 
mvb npeOuBBHiH Bi BHJbHi^. Kofab^ b6 BpeMfl flpiiapKE, naniH 
Bynqu c6K[Bajni cboh TOBapu rypTOM'b , ohh evAssl a^Jio hc- 
KJio^HTejrbHo (yh iHTOBi^aMH— tbeobb npaBffrejbCTBeHHafl uojiiith- 
KB, ho oHHB006n](6 xopofflo cfCfll^JiaJiH CBOB niM HacejieHie ropoxa 
cb npoAM'fiGTbtrMn npocTHpaeTCH ao 25000 qejroB%ici, qncjieH- 
HOCTb rapHHBOHa noBadttBBiorb vb 6000 qejioBtRx; o^eHb «o- 
xerb 6fiiTb, ^t6 dra Hoci^ahha ipia^pa npeyBeiH^eHB, ho bo bch- 
BoiTb cjyqa'b ecnb GoJrfte 3000 coJiAftTi, n6T0My <rro ohh 
BBHHHaioTl CToposeBue iiocTBi H nonpasjiflforb yRp^uemH Bi 
BoeHHOHi oTHomemH JlnTBa noA'&JieHa m ^qacTH, HS'b itoTopiiii 
HapoAi o6fl3aHi npHXopTb b-b saifBH ji,m cocTasjiemfl m 
rapHHBOHOB'b H J^AE ooAepiRaHifl B% tcupaBHocTH yRptnieaffi; 
npocTofi napoAi nAerii 6e3i> BCflKaro opyniH , nojy^afltcan 
ero, TBHii H npoHHTame Ha tfbdri. Pm^apcTBd HM^^erb 006- 
cTBOHHoe Boopynsesie , ROHett h d6o3u. T4 se ^gth, ROTopua 
oiKHAaiorb CBoeft o^epeAH , oSbiRHOBeHHo HacTynaiooteft qepesi 
yoTUpe Jum nnTb HtcHi^eB'b, o6H3aHH AOCTaajflTb RopMi a'^ 
jiiOAeft H jtomaAeft n TOJbRo mhco HAerb orb RejrHBaro rh^a. 
jJ^HcnHHjHHa RpatHe cTporaa^ nopflAOR^ bo aceMi BaM^^aTejrb- 
Hutt H 6e3onaGHoCTb noBCiOAy nojilErafl ; p%ARo ciinnno o6i 
ySiScTBax'b , BopoBCTBO cjrynaeTCfl , ho naRadUBaercfl crporo. 
MarHCTpaTi, noj[y<iHBimtt npHBMJieriH ott* flreua^ cyAHTb A^^a, 
Kacaionpflcfl ropoAa; a^^h HcnoJiHeHifl npHroBopoBi» li: yrpo3K[ npe- 
crynHHRaMib coAepaarb, no npaay caacoHCROMy, najiaqa. Mu 



-. 21 ^ 

ero Biiftjis oHi-y RasOTC9, poxom mh BanxiH ir HadUBaeT- 
cfl HibAeMHci, MTfimioe qyxoBifqe: rpoMQARaro pocra^ cHj[b« 
HuS, ^Kai% lexBi^Ab, TOJtOTutty cfh upesHftpiro lUHpoRoiD rpyAbH), 
cTi cTpamranrb jKi^eHi) nopocniHirB qepHOio Oopo^oiD, oe% npo^ 
M3Boxim nopaaHTOJBHoe me^aTii^Hie, BOTopoe mid ysejiH^B- 
Baercfl ero oxesxo»: aa rojOBt y Hero RpacHaa noBa^Ra; 06* 
BHTRfl Kdray Hmnn iuam»wh , yRpatdMHaa mctohh, hb 
Rpaeiiitt RamnHi HBRBRyrb nian^'L BpoBBBaro i^BbTa , Kh 
pyRBxi seitBHafl nana, na noxoOie i^ftna. 

Q&flHirrBo, RBffB R w^J^% aeeoSiqee. PycHBU ^ati^e bbbb- 
HamrcH npoxMeio iq^'brnnix^ HaiEHtROBi; nil fteHnqtHu, CTporo 
co/^epanittB, mabe pasBpaTHEi, xhtobrh bko Soiibe <»o5oAHtifx% 
Hpaaom. BucBiafl bmctb He TepoBT'L rjncHcix'B aomobi pas- 
Bpara, xotb TpyxHo xoirycTHf b , nw6a tbrMI Haceji^Hflult ro- 
poxi Mon o6oSni% Oes'B Hnrb; o&b y(Ktlci%'6 A^iefi He cJrbT- 
nmo. ^yaesBMoqi^ , nf^MfiVBioilt b% BtiABy h ero HMyiueCTBO 
TERse 6edoiia«ffU\) RaX'b it wb ero coficrrBeiraoirb jipvA', b% 
9Toirb ipaft , (Th HBsanaifBTHiix'b BpeM^ai , BAAeTcfl o6a4atl— 
H3o6ptoeflie iijxpott iioArrHRH, no Roropony ^yfteBeneqi, cxy- 
iiBBniiM Ha seHjno iirrmcRyit), JHmb toako Botlxerb B'b nep- 
BHtl iHinaBnittoB xom , a^ih^m^h ^aitoxi CBBii^eKflciVb Asn 
ero BjaxibiBqa, nocii&AHitk oiBYaer^ eaoeio o6a3aHHocTbio o6e- 
peraTb h noKpoBHT^nctBOBaTb eny; ecm tiwh noasejiaen hath 
Aaji'be, fflTOBBU'B fp thX'h nopi ero He ocTBBHTb, noRa Be no- 
BBAerb fp cjAfjimpvo aomb h He CAaen hb TfoneweHie Apy- 
rare xoBflnna * tbri 01% aomb no aomb ^ orb a^P^shh ao A^^ 
pesBH, nyremecTBie coBepmaerrc* 0% hojehoio OesonacnocTbR) n 
yxo6cTBOM'b. Haeiurie, coBepmeBHoe HaAi> ^tyfteaeMueiii bhbu- 
BBOTb Mu^eHie , o6pan(ae<oe hb Toro, rto bi bto bpomb (Suiii 
ero noBpoBvrejievb n npoBOARiiROH'&, a McnrrejflMH BBjrBn*tcH 
Bc% Tb, ROTopue yme npRHHMaJH y ce6ft npHmejibna; ho tb^ 
Rie.cjrpBH BBCbua p^akh, ^vot n npeAaflia hmx'b, Iloee- 



- 32 - 

jiiBinittcfl B% A<)M% JMTOBqa HHOCTpaneirb At^^^eTOi qjeaon 
ero ceMeifcTBa, xoshhhi MCTHTb sa onsauyio any Hecnpa- 
BepHfioCTb n oTBl^qaerii sa ero opoorynKH, ecu rocTb He no- 
nejiaeTi c^l^jaTb sToro caiirB. EcTb xaise h rocTUHMn^ii^ bt> 
ROTopuxi npitssaiDiqitt, kto 6u ohi» hh 6uj%^ bo BCiiRoe ^)eHi 
HafiAerb ce6£ yG^SHme; touro xoaaiiHi o6a3aH'b 3HaTb, rofo 
0Hi> HpiiHHJiiaeTi> ; Ryn6i^i» cRjaxuBaerb taifi cboh Toeapu h 
Moserb 6uTb choroohi hb CMOTb Hxi coxpaHHOOTH. Pycm 
ocTaHBBJiHBaeTCfl y pycnea, Htiieiji'b y Rftm^a, r trri* Rasxiitt 
HapoA'b HMterb oboh rocTHHRRi^. ^ysesrama, ecyni ohi co 
BepuiHTi npecTynMHie, He naRaauBaioTi no HteTHiyiii aaio- 
HaHi*, 3a HCRJUoqeHieirb ^fi\^mm\ rohowo. ho uiouiairrb 3a 
rpaHHuy^ oOptBaBi npepapRrejbHO yxo, eojn ofli Bopomci h 
CHOBa Syxerb cxaa^effb, to npH BTO[»iqRov^ RsrHBHiR, TepRen 
Apyroe yxo, noftManHuft Oedi ynwit noAJi^sinrb yToiueHiio bi 
M'bmR'6 , Ri ROTopony pa TasecTH apBRSuaaiaTeff rrmBr. Bo- 
apHH^ OrroRapi paacRaaan rbmI) bth noApo6»>CTH^ npHRai- 
jexau^iff, b^pohtho, si* Apc^BHUtweMy npaay MTOBOROMy; y 
npyccoB^ He 6ii«io noxoGHaro oftuMaB, rrri hoxho RRjitob b% 

eHHGROnCROft XpOHHRt. IIpeAir&CTbfl BMOHCRIR GyTb cjo6c)«ii 

HiR^ Jiy<iiue CRaaaTb \ Rynu aomobi , xhhhih^ ■ BOHRaro poxa 
ceibCRHX^ nocTpooR^^ pasSpocaHHUX'b 6e3i nopsARa h RRyca, 
BCRRift CTpoHTca HB npHropRaxi, Bi AO'HHax'b) OHparax^, r«ri 
xo^en HiH Moaeri Seiua npHHaA<iesHTb rjth qacTHiiHi jh- 
itaHi, HjiH ropoAy, hjih BcnRony RHflaiO) HOTOvy pasA'i^fl^Tca 
H B.iacTb HBA^b noceiefii^aiiH. Bto nocejiHTCH bi> cajioirbro- 
poAi^ HJIH ycTpoRTb Bb HBHi pcMecjefiHoe aaBeAeHie, Tl^H'b 
caMbUl^ BUCBoSosAaoTCfl hbti hoa^ BJiacTH iiacTHaro jHiia^ a^* 
ae jeHHuxii RHaseft^ a'M&gtcr Hftu^aHHHOirb; ecjH o6cTpoHTCfl 

nUflXTRqii ^ TO 0R1> JIHMHO DOA^HRfleTCB BJiaCTHlfb , Ha^aibGTBy 

K>fi^HRii Bb ero oocjroBiH^ a HMyatecTBO ero h enoeefiu ooAei^ 
aRBHifl HaxoABTca noAi» aaAaopovi ropoACRHX'b qRHOBHUOBi*. 



— 2ft - 

Giyra m iWAeuQiKii ^ ocTaaiiai wActo caoera po»A€Hia t. e. 
AepcBHK) , opmaAJesaiuyio noir6iiMiKy h H6pecejiiBBiH6b Ha 
SHieibCTBe Bi ropoA'b, TojibRo TOFAa nep6i9Afl7i» wb eoejiMie 

BMbflUX'B. MftntaH'B, BOTAa nOM&UVil'L oTBaAerofl npoB^piiHTb 

Mil BO Bpemi rojOAd h«h Be noTpeSyeri hxi» BoaBpaveHia , ii» 
aponiecriBiii HSBltoTHaro opoRa. OrHomefflfl vesAy iipeAV^oTbHiiH 
n ropoyvw^L <«p6AtjdBU DpuAH^ft^sH; b% oabbxi ciy^aaxi ro . 
fOMfima RiBiOfH HHftion npaao yBaauBaTb aaceiraii) w^e^nt^ 
cnwbj BTb AfFHo^i^ H6 VM^Th 9T0TO AtjBTb, 0631 noopejicTBa 
npaBvraiMirBa; eeiB ne NlkBHiBe BUCipoarB Aona ffa npeAH'i^-* 
cTbt, TO B4aoTb mxb HHMH BHOiH'b opvBaAJieffBTi rop^A* 
ciofi naneTparypt. 3a aaMKOWb^^ Haxi* BsJiett, xBHerca vh 
ropy HpeAMftcTbo, Haauaaeiioe AHTBRaiiMiacii ' ; (mo npeAOxaa- 
Jien Beciiiia i^tflmoe paasooSpaaie : no jAwmj 6epery ptai 
HAOTb yjsma^ AfUHoio n Va viw, no HpaBOMy TflayfOfl bos^ 
BiiQieHnocn^ hm^utub Bft^iwiirb jftcoMii hjih o5pa6oTaH* 

HUIUI nOJUMH ,. H«B caAQIIH > aOJHUlUI ^pyKTOBUI'B ffifW^i 

3a ^bAimb paAOMi^ xinihi» , xyTopoB^ h yBecuBrej&Hux'b 
mowb iia«iHfl««TQa orpoBHull Jtte^^ bi soTopoirb, pa36p«casgov 
Bi> npeRpacHuxii Ml^eraaoTax'B, noctpooHU BB^pMHitu h oxoTiHi-> 
%HAPiia, OBpyseHsue Tiiaoirb: mu 6iu» Tan bi> oxoTHHHiieM'B 
AOMft SoapnHa CeAHMyMje^ rA/b hbcsi paAymno yrocTMH. Ha ji'6- 
BOHiiOepery BHJWi^npBOfl MB^oxft^iaxofliiTeiirjiaBBaHnpiioTaHb 
HnoTOMy TyTb AOMB RyuitOB'b HMara3BBU am cBiaAa Toaapoaii; 
Bcib OHH Biicxporau lOfb Aop^BB, MdCTO yHH^TomiOTeff nosa- 

POITb H XOTb GuorpO B03CTaH<)BAfl»TOfl, HO BSaJRO BHA^Tb HB* 

cTyi»» CesnojeBByio Tpaiy RaioiTaiia hjh emeAPeBHyio onaenocTb 
ero SeanjoABBFo yemTOBieHiB; ho BOSBpaTmea onBTb wb ropoA'b. 
)I|OGxottHO BHHMaHia ^ qro obbb B:b aombxi cxeBUHMfl: CTesjiat 
opaBAa , MBjeHbBiH, noroHy hto 3AimHifl <>a6pHRn He npoHS- 



') HuHtmBitt AflTOKOJb; cociaBjieno h3i> ant— Ha b kalnas— ropa. 



— 24 — 

BOAflT'B ftoibiUHX'B^ HO oainiiJi oKRa BeiHEii. B^xBu^ ynoTpe5- 
jffliOT'L cTeRjia RpyrjMH , o^enb tojctuh h sejieHOBaTiifl , ko- 
Topuflf nponycKaioTi Ha«o CB%Ta; cTeua me tieTUpexyroxbiiHff 
M meoTHyrojibHUfl ropasAo 6ibJ[%e, a noroHy h ciATy nponyc- 
saiorB 6oji%e ; yipi^njaiOTca 01*6 bi> paMsxi - ojoboh*, 
mwb H y Ha^^'L. KaRi aro CTeRjio, Taffb h ynorpeSjiffeMoe pii 

COCyAOBl, npOIBBOARTb BT> JlHTBi^ Cb BedbMB ffaBRHTO ys6 Bpp- 

MeHH, HO saiAtiaTejibRO , vre anapMbe nbmn ae m cTeRjtin- 
RMXi, a HBi porMbixi, 6oraTO yRpamennuxi fioRajoai K Ctc- 
RjflHUfl HsjcbJia oTnyoaaioTCfl xa«e aa rpaHRUy; mcTHtte npex- 
npiiHHMaTeAk yoTpoffjm aaaaxu h BooGn^e roHMapHoe mlbM n 
nfi'ktYiafiWh cocTOflfliH. MeTajM^ieoRifr aenpi OHesb xoponi, wt- 
cTHoe npoRSBOACTBO Rxi Rpattae nioxo, p h Herauon n 
JIhtb^ He Ao6uBa]0'rb , RpoMlb aeOojibmaro ho jnecTaa sejf 3a, 
ROToparo aeAocraTMrn ajih BRyTpenHaro norpe^jieHia, h noToiy 
ero npHBOSHTb Hsi^a rpanffi^; APyniX'i^ WRonaeirux^ npo 
AyRTHB'b, 3a HGRJimeHieirb ttstBecrn h oTjm^aott mfta. Jfirim 
ne HMlfceTb. Coib BUBapHBaeTca RoerAt hsi Hero^imRorb , no 
BiajM. M6A*b^ BOGR%, jvsm, paaiH^RMe xjrt6a n jAcrur nsAfejiff 
cfTb r JiaBHue npeAMara biibobhoU TOproBjm. Mibxa Tavare bh- 
BOBRtca Bi> R3o5hj[ih, cupttRRoxH— HaiipoTinrb^rbyHtpeHRORi 
R0JiH«fecTB'6. HHocTpamiue penecaeHHHRR nMtbdyHrrcn 3j^cb 
SojibinttMH npeHMyqecTBaaiii r, cRopo paaftorarbBi^ BosBpama- 
lOTCff AOMott cb xoponiHiiR A^H^raMH^ ecjTR ToxbRo nxii ne npii- 
nyAarb ooadbirb ocTaTbca bx AmiA^ ao mme eirefpTb saxBa- 
TUi{aei^> vx'b ^Ao o6oranteBia r tofab ffkm Rxi a^mh)tch ih- 
TOBuaMfl, noTOMy wo RX'b Marepa jihtobrr. CiysateTCH rassf, 

MTO n%NUTil RaOlH HR^Ryrb RbHHCTBOBaTb ff, OpH TBROMl o6pa* 

3!^ antsHH, GRopo norflOaiorb B^ nyarofi 86hj[%. jJ^ONainHil cton 



') y jHToimeBi 6uJ0 y6tsAeiiie, hto HHKaKoft HanHTon*, ne Noverb 6iiTk 
aaMapOBam* bi* poroBOMi Ky6Kl» , noTOHy ouh npeABOHHTajiHCb ctciujibuii> 
Obraz Litwy Jaroszewicza. I, 78, 



- as - 

ua mfkjn vb xopomem cooroani; JwmaAk, tq>aBKa, iiiiiopd- 

CMUM , HO iptalii Ji BHHOCJDIBUt; 6orMUe IIO|l!blipBH MEAi- 

lonifHoroMHMeHimoi erajiaii, m% xoropuxb mwm mUfMb 
pbxux^^ H^MtiMHux'b moeit; mmn w% xoj^ihh lavecv- 
Ban M6I1K BasHO to^ no ohii eiuipHii h bobcb He ahkh; no 
AocnsMiH mafeCTHaro Boapaen^ ohh 6wh B6f laro canpoTfiB* 
leflifl, lam (apauH, wmoMawTb wAn^m^ hih aanpaqb eeSa. 
Bet Tflseeni Boaaiofl axftcb Jiomaxbiii, boiobi h hb bboihid 
pftABO yBOT|ie64i»n. KopaBi Htn bi caMOE-b ropoAft, ho hu 
o^eib MHoro Bi HpeAHlMfbaii; man h OBipi hbki^ ho Boipt- 
nMMCh J aa TO QBiHett luiaseena , <ito bb fijLaFOBpiflxoTByerb 

OOXfMIHeinM) MHCTOTU. TOBOPUH HaM!b^ qXO BMHSitt KHflBb H8- 

XMi HMiai'bHie Gpatb amii aHBorma^b^ CftraxniQB'b no yiH- 
i^BMi Ji padABiBaTb 6ftAiiU]i!b V HO HonojmeHia ero enie Hin, 
flOTOMy <iT0 osHAamrb peayibTaTa npeABapHTMbHaro npoAocro*- 
pesoHUi. ^BHOCTb HpQAaei»H npeipaGiio h ho Aoporo; npHro- 

WMmeWb Xdlibte H APyni^ UMOHbeB'b BaHHMDTCflSeupHH,. 
HHOHOtt pflA'b Bl.nopXAEft^ CBHH06 MOO H paWHB HS'b HSrO 

wn^JOE npoAaDTOfl wb 00060M1 paAy, Rym^i lorcq^aro cootaB- 
iHim oTA^biibHyio KopnopaitiiD h HaauBanTca Ssarcatii K dBft- 
piHU BOHKoft Kb HsafiHJii^ pu6u MHoaecTBo H npiTon xopo- 
mlk^ Wh AOMaaiHBit hthi^ toubo Bypu h rya npoAannicH hb 
Piai&. CSoJib AaiOApnrb no hohhob6pho8 nftHH , xerAa npeipa- 
niimeM noAPOS'^ iiarb aa rpaHHitu^ ho Toaq^ Bejuuitt mflab 

yOtpOUli OrpOHHHB 6B OMMaffiLf paaMbOXHBl ia% Kb ropoABSLi 

Bax> HftiMHoirb, uw6U| Kb cjyiat HeAocxana, cnaSanTb eiD 
RapaA^ no yjiftpeHHott ifftai; no, paayMftoroH, jihuihjio Ryni^oB'b 
BuroAHot cueKyiHipi. Hai ayneaeeKHX'b cveioBi mh BUBeuui 
MUttqaHie, 410 B'b Uubut norpeSjaeiofl con aipoe 6oj[jto^ 
^Mi B'b Mapi6H6yprft, Maca se uoTpeSiifleTCB HOH'be, B!bpoaTHO, 



')■ HaplSyrb o6pamaeT'b BUHManie <iHTaTejiett ua Beo6uKHOBeHHoe cxoactbo 
*Mro cjon offr •ptaiix'80Kn& duucontier. 



^ a6 — 

ne oOnaffiii coGjn^xarb nocfru ; wh w^mjM mvtb TopreuH 
Hiicoiii^ cofictai* npeRpaiiacriKH. ^ocroftHoe xbuu pacn(q>8m- 
Nie! EnacKOBft AHjipeu van yBnanny vro Hpmasaflui ero 
HcnojiHfliOTOfl 0% mmiAmm TMHocrBn h napoxi, Hsxaraa api- 
BUBniifl noxMHBBTCft eBnqeflMiKfanb, naqxH SoroTBOpm aroro 
noMTeHHaro CTapqa; nMbsyack 9tii«i> xpscnaneiBoe jiyxoBeiieTBo 
mihm BJiflerK aa HpaBcrBBRHoe oOpaaoaaHie Hapop, aecKopo 
yofl'bcrn^ OM inoactojqr i ho miofo Mryn> aMMb xl^ CBaqei- 
HHBH, snami^ie jmroBCHitt aay ri h noToiy jerao noHHHaenie 
HapoxowE* fii> pasraii'E MUm%% oaa yOTpaniH xpHCTiaBciia 
lUEoiRH^ Ha noAo6ie yqpesxeHROtt npH BaaeApaibHoiii* cofopl^. 
Wh HOTopoit yqan 5paTbfl MRHop«rfii. MojOAesb, BW»jraMafl 
Wh ropoAa oroBOioi FycH , r^ft eoTb apH vancTupni pyc- 
eiiia yqunii^a, HHWiiy fipifte ae BuyqHBaeTCv, vifouA neaifl 
H iiHCbMa, oaa afimsMoeHso saaiiiaeTii ootohi safli^ejapciiH 
jtoanmcm^ xasb ebhii sxibcb HcssroMBTajibm ynoTpeOaaerea 
TOibKa pycxsm nHCUieHHooTb ; jaTiniaBitl aainrb cooraBiaen 
^TOJHiie AyxoaeflCTBa ^ a bo Hi^ll«^IH y^aTea , saserca, wh 
Phi^^ iUia xpuuoHaiUH, JiiTOBCBott naobiieHHOCTH Htrb; ecma 
6ujui UTOBGRiu nHCbMBHa) TO flX'B 3t6ujn, qoMy HHoro ooxfti* 
OTBOBajo raceme aauiieGTBa ; ooiaMiBaiH Haiib «o-to^ Hani- 
euHoe^ Kswh yTB^SAaia, ovroaoiHiai fiysBain, ho mi onero 
H6 Moru paao^^arb. Bpan I^eaecriHS CHajn aCpici nfteiaibr 
Bm cvpon, xJtBcpaBHBHii cfbTftniiiBCbMeHaiii, loropHH Bcrpi^ 
qaioTca y Hac:b bi IIpycciH hb pasBUxi oofaxKaxi ramecTBa. 
CyAfl ooToxy , ^to mu ojuBian otb iDAOit npocBftnteraoorb, 
iHTOBCRaa MOJOAeab HHtenb npHposAeHayio (»ioco6iocTb si 
ofipaBOBamx) , Soraxue rocnoAa BbioHjaiorb gborx'e A^Tei bi 
KpaaoBi H 8a^paBH^y h bh oahbi* 'tmfi, kbri roBopiri^ He 
o6MaHyjii> poAHTejbCRHXL HaAe2KAi> Borb, eciH 6bi hu coxpaHH* 
M pui^apciafi cnoco6'b aocniiTaaia MOJOAeu, Raaoft mfi 



- 2'> - 

c jqecTByerb npi jUBOfBXh repiiaiCKHXi rocyA&pott ' noVpaTicrti 
se Bci» MOM/iocTfc Ha myqeHie Baysi bi BUcmHXi> uusojiax'L 
cio|xbe npnoTOJio idahmii, roxoBfliqioica n AT^oBHOMy sbbhIm) ; 
MB puiiapB Tpe6yeTeiHHoeo6pa30BaHia^UHaflBunpaBKa) KOTopyio 
cjtjiyerB HaMuaTb cvojiOAa. 

<Bc§ dto, noaerb SHXb^oieHb xopomo, Boapasajiiia name 
vatue enHCKOni AflApeil, ho hb BCBBOiiy Hapoxy roxRo oaho 
H TO«e ofipasoBanie, oho noxose hb Ra^TBHi, KOTopftiit hoa- 
seHi 6uTb CBpoerii h omHTi uo pocry h cioseHiM) ebxaafo 
oTAtUHaro JHi^a. JbiTOBiva HMtnTi to^ oOqeB cb nojBRaMH, 

HpHp0SA6HH0e KaqeCTBO, HO BOTOpOMy OHM 60Jlte HySA^lOTCfl 

B'b Hay worn oOpadOBBHiH, «i6mii rb npiyqeHiH I'b BoeHHOMy 
A^y^ ci nociftAiuunii ohh 6iacTpo ocBOHBaiorea, mmb TOJbRo 
BuMAyrb hbii A^^RR^'b JAti. JHTOBei^i, mooho CRasaTb, po- 
AHTCH pui^poMi, any Hyseni TOJbRO HBBftoTHiiM B08pa/»rb^ 
ecieofiBeHiioe yRp&i jenie Tftia , vroOu BURBBaib cboh BoeHHua 
cnoco6flocTH. Ji^AA o6paaoBaHiB HpaBOTBOHHaro h cepAowaro ohi 
iMterrb uiKOJiy wh poAirreAOROirb aomA , Bucmifl aie nayRH 
AlUBMnrb qejOBJ^Ra hothhho npocBftqeuHburb h nojesHUM'b oc- 
6t H oTOHeeiBy bo BCBKOM'b cocTOJiHiH». OoTOHi 6hLn paaro- 

BOpb JHTOBGROM'b H8UR% ; enHWOHli, BHafl OfO OCHOBBTeJbHO, 

BpeBOBHoeHJi ero noxBBJiaini^ amjifti'b, qxo npeHe6periH jui- 
TOBCROK) DucuieHHOCTbio ^ nuTb RBRi* pyc(»ifl nHCbMOHa H pyc- 
CRitt BBURi 6uiH npHHHTU wb ARUJtOMauiH H npR ABopax'b 
KHiBBeesHX'b cb tijfb uopi, mwh yqeuue pycHHU, BiirHaH- 
uue TaiapattH w^b aa JifiMj^a , nepenecu cboh uay^BUB nos- 
flaflia E% Jbrray. FacxBajUBaa bsiim wTOBCRiil , enncRon^b 
Wuae yTBepaRABJi^ mro bcjm 6u rpeiecKii h JBTHHCRitt fl3usH 
6uu 3a6uTu, TO HXi yxpaiy JierRo 6u savtHHJ'b mum jh- 
TOBCRiJI, BCJil&ACTBie GOBepmeHCTBa cbohxi oopn^, npocoAUi h 
CBoero i)oraTCTBa. QpH aTOMii mu SBM'bTHjH, mto flsuRH rpeqecRiit 
UTiHeRiit coxpaH&ucb , CiaroAapa cjaBHUvx HHcaTMBM'b, bi 



— 2d - 

iiuii lAWb ynorpefijieHifl. ^Henpajixa, Ho^ixBaTim oxm mi^ npe- 
jaxoB'b , , CB. pB]»OEa« jurypua ^ ori Bi^iieH'& anocrrojbcaixi 
QQBapiujieMaa oa miwA ^ ae xMyonia 6ii saSiiMn btoto 
fl3iiiRa>. cHecoMHtHHO , roBopHJi'b Aaid^e eoHonooi, ^to aaiin 

JiaTHHCVS, B0TOpiiIM'I» FOBOpHIl* lfapOA'^ HHRWXa He 6fiU% CTOIB 

qHCTii[iii», Kaaii H»hun l^ii^epoaa h ^opa^IH^ onoro to imh a 
Buiuejigi^ m'h o6ii^aro ynoipeOjieHia a aoapeMeaevii npeBpmufcii 
wb 30]iaAaQeapoHeii[CKia aapftqia: . doBoAm APyro^ oaywjocb 
O'jb asHaoMii JHTOBOHaMi, oaii MHCTfiznii a BeHGiiopmHKiin» oox- 
paaBilca ai yi&sai'B HapoA«, MCMOTpa aa paoBai^aie ero at 
H:boH(KibKO AifiUiWETOB^^ cotepmBBmeeca eate Kb BOCbHa xaaaee 
Bpewa; Boaj^A^^x^^ aroro oh% GyAerjb oya^BCVBOBarb abiao, ao- 
KB cyjneo'CBye^ HapoA>«- Mto se Oiuo roaopaTi hbmi 4) raiiaft, 
Taaii MBJip a^H'b BfinaoMOBrb, TO Jhao ojynprb^ quo Bm a cAfeia- 
w. tfyasHQ oTABTb oapaaeAiKBOOTh eimcffoay a ueaairib aamryju; 
Bcft OQB jioAB yH6BHe ¥ upaae/iaoti aiaBBi; ropAOCTb, Taai cboM- 
€T9cyKaaa a*^ B'l^aoTopHX'b ii!feCTax'bAyxaBeBCTBy^BopfiicTb«facvo 
oxj[a^a£»aj[9a Jil^HBoe iiQHauiecTao» aarb aaaseToa, ^yasAU nrb; 
aaaewo, iioToay^ m» Bbipop'b hki> ooHOBaa'b ae hb aacaateib* 
cTBt a npaABopaN3(3i aaTpiirax'b^ ho hb coaaaaiH Heo6xoAa- 
MOCTH A^puxi A'bJiaTeJieit wb BTOM^b hobbhii aeprorpaAlfc roo- 
uf>jifi&Vb. ficj^ (wh B'bii^u aia nouaH, u^Lffmsh MlaTHim 
aauROii'b H aaaioTi Ay^'b aapoA^. 

B'k TQT^ ase tfmb (25-ro mEn) Htoofopiie aai naaiaxi 
^opjH BBB'I^CTPTb Morajoi 14 iqf.qeHiBOB% «paflipQBaa<tti 
(GpaTbeB'b HaaoparoB'b jMaaeaTyaaMrb, saaii Biipasnerca Sa- 
6ypin>), mhoT^ bto aaxoABTOH sa crftaoia saunu 6#rab raaB- 
uux'i> Boporii, BeAyaiiax'b aai saaaa Bb ropoAi>. Hba^ o6a(W 
Hxi» MorH4oft CToai^ Mawabaaa Aiftp^aaaaaa woobbb c% pt- 
HieTqaTUHH ABepaaa ; npaao npoTaai A^peft, aa orAaft, 
asoOpaswu Ci». nysKHHaH; .CToaape ci lajunaiffi aipynxi, 



\ I 



i9 - 



(Tb O^aiH , yCTpeiJCHHUMH B'B He60, Tjifk HWh BHAtHl TpOfiTB 

npe^qnaro, OBpyneHiiuM aurejiaiUH. IIoa'B HSoCpaxenieMii cto- 
wh ajiTapb , Ha KOTopom^ eaeHeAtJiMO , no ^eTBepraMt , co- 
Bepmaercfl cb. jmiypriB ; napo^'B MOJiHTCfl no^^ OTsputEiiirB 
EeSowb. Oo jLtBjfo pyny , ne ^oxop h^ckojibko ma^OB^ jtfi 
^acoBHH, eCTb MajeHBRiit hoto^hheii qHCToft, npoxjiaffHOtt boau, 
B6CLMa RerjiyOoRttl , cTapaTCJiEJio Bmo^eHHHiit AepeBOM'L eu^e 
pyxavH 3dHy<ieHHUX^ MOHaxoBi* ; Bo^a Kb hcmi nocroHHHo A^p- 
MTCH Ha oflHoit BueoTt, Ha I V2 JioKTH 0TB acifHofi iroBep- 
xHocTft^ He npH6uBaeti h ne yOuBaeri*, CROjrbEo 6b[ en Re 
Bmepntf BajH ^ He^aBHo nooTaBHJH hba'b HCroqHHROM'B Rpumy, 

ysi^HtiaHHyiO RpeCTOM'B. HtCTO, ROTOpoe SaHHHaJIH 9TH CBHTUe 

JHOAH, B6CB]ffa HeBejHRo, TenepB oho o6BeAeHO hoboH A^peBHH- 
Hoft orpaAoft h HacoBHH ctohtii bI) oaMoS cpeAHHi^ oro- 
poseHHaro npocTpaHCTBa: MoHaxH £)th ho bi nepBuit pa3i 

UpHUlJIH Bl> fiHJbHy, H^ROTOpUe aWb HHXl 2RHJLH HB TOMl 2Re 

caMovB v!hcvh eq€ upH Tejifimml^. PasHoe 6uBaid bmi c^aCTbe, 
HO tkwh He >iV8Hi^e ohh ociaBajiHCb , qT06'B Gkitb AyiOBHCiiirB 
fT&memeM^ f,M lipe6uBaion{HX% ^xkch RaTOJiHROBi*. no3AH%e, 
wh RHMeme OjtbrepAa , uajoqHCjeHHbie h npedHpaeMue, ohh 
Bce TdBH npoAOJisaiH. nponoB'6Ai>ifi^Tb eBanrejiie JiHTOBi^aH^ h 
Bcrpi^irajiH TO jD0A'6BcTBie, to npoTHByA'bilcTBie vpaBHTejibeTBa 

SOTAB »e oSpaTRJCfl Blr XpHCTiaHCTBO H3B'6CTHbI& TamTOJIbAli, 

iio6HMe]](ii OxbpepAa , TorAa ohi yBejuiqujrb ^hcjio SpaTbeni, 
BsiSBaBi ffOBUx^ m% Mii90BiH H yjiyquiMii Hxi> Hatc^bfljibHoe no- 
losoHie; bi* noeji^AHee BpeMfl HX'b Sum qeTUpnaAi^HTb ! 5 cbh- 
B^eHBaKOBi, 5 MHccioHepoB'b , oAHH'b cTOJi^THift CTBpei^'b H TpH 6pa- 
Ta eiy«HTejiii.'OAHasAbi, b'b oTcyTCTBie OjbrepAa h raniTOJbAa , 
Bi He6ttTH0CTb Aase ero HaMicTHiiRa h, Rdffiercfl, CTapmaro cBtna, 
Bob OHH co6pMiLGk Bi> BHjibH^, A^H olinpaBjeHiH BejiHBaro ndcTa, 
B^ Tose BpoMst itoiiBHJiacb B'b ropoAt RaRafl to Sapasan m^in 
yiBpaiH Qfb beMiiliHOBeHHOH) 6uctpotoh> , nl^i'h BoiRitt 6m% 

19 



— 30 — 

oHSLCEeWb HeHaBBCTbK) 6iXHUXl MOHaXOBl ) SOTOpiM) 6yj(io 

6u^ pa36pocaj[H no ropo^y flAOBHiufl ctHeHa h tkwh npoisBe- 
jni anHAeiiiH) A<ifl HCBopeHenifl asuqecTBa. FopoACRifl Bjacn 
BKicjiymaj[H KjeBeTHHROB'L^ noBi^pHJffi hmi h ocyAHiH MonaxoBi 
ua HarnaHie, nocjitAHie ne noAqHHHJiHCb 9T0Hy ptmeHiio h npo- 
ciiJH o6osAHTb B03BpaiqeHifl KHflSfl BjiaAHHipa; hxi conporiB- 
jieaie BSBOJiHOBajio ropoAi^ ; aapoAi , coGHpaacb Toinami ^ Ha- 
CTofiqHBo AOMorajcfl HX'b HaraaHiff, bibcth npoTHBUHCb h Tin 
nponsBeiH Bpaftaee paaApaseme. yaHaai o rposaiitefi onac- 
HOCTH, OAHH MOHaxH yABpHiHCb B'B 6%rcTBo, APync ysp^iniJHCb 
wb MoaacTupt , ho aapoAi* jerao BU^inn ABepa h, BUTaiqAH 
HecqacTHUX'L Ha puHOBii, Tut 7 H3i HMXi) 6eijdi y6HTU le- 
qen^ n lonopox'B, 6-ro MapTa 1365 roAa , Apyraxi AoraajH 
noAi» AHTOKOJieM'B , npeAaJiH laecTOKofi CMepTH h BTanviBi ea 
ropy, ipex'L pacnau aa apecxax'B^ a ocxajibHiU'L Gpocui n 
BOAy. Qo BoaBpan^eHiH OjibrepAa h TamTouAa yCiltcTBa m 
6um HaBaaaHBi npHH^pHO : oahh'b hsi riaaHUxi spei^oBi, 
mecTb qjieHOB'B ropoAcaaro coai^Ta, cjHniEOM'B AsaAi^aTb qiaoB 
HHROBi H dysHxeiefi HaqajibHHRa saiiKa , ipHAi^aTb MiQain, 
BBE'L JwroBi^eB'B, TdE'L H pyccRHXi 6uw HpeAaHU sasHH, Kan 
BHHOBHue B'B MHiest , y6iflcTBl^ H npecTynjeniH aaRoaoai; 
OAHHVB , 6ojiJ^e SHaTHEiH'L, py6HJ[H rojioBEi , Apy rnxx BtmajB; 
rapHHSOHi Sanaa 6u<i^ CHi^HeHi h HaaaaqeH^ hobuS HaqajUiHHc^ 
MHorie ocyasAeHu na Harnaaie. Qoxoiiy to BHUHaae a He vrjn 
oco6eHHO MorHJU ca. nyqeHHEoa^ , tbk'b Ra£i naMHib ofo m 
MyqeHHqecTBfi ecxb bm^^ctI^ HanoMHaaaie secToaaro HaRasaflii 
npecTyHHHROB'b. Ecu 6u ai aTOMi cjyqai^ OureAP'b anojat 
noATOHHJicH BjiiaaiK) FaniTOJibAa h caoeft cynpyn lOjdaHHU, to 
act aHaTHithme aauqHHRH BKJieHCRie 6ujui 6u HCTpeOjeeu; 

HeCOMHi^HHO, qTO B'B 9X0 BpOMH BOIHRitt RHHSb BOBCC HC CO^JB- 

CTBoaaji'b asEiqecxay h acnoB^A^iBaji'L xpHCxiaHCTBO ho boc- 
ToqHOMy o6pflAy, Roxoparo^ aaai naa^XHO, A^pxaiacb h aeniKU 



-T 31 - 

KHflTEHfl lOjiaABa. Os.'b^Momen 6vah, ufmnnfiu pwcBifi sa- 

T01III^I3M1», eCJIH 6U He OHa H Hi^KOIOpLIfl HeapipIHOCTH OTh 

Hamaxx eiiHCBonoB'B, 6o^te aaHRMafoqiixcfl nojHTHRofi, HCsejiH 

pacnpOCTpaH6HieMl» HCXRHHOfi XpRCT]aHCROfiBl^pEI;H0A0BOJIi>HOO6'B 

9T0M^, nepefiACM B wh Hfijimwh HanioM^ nal^m^mwh , BJiaro- 
^ecTie JiHTOBCfiaro Hapoxa npvM^pHO, xota araByqee noKOJil^Hio 
He enojDi'b h ae noBceH'bcTHO npHHSjo Rpen^eHie h eA3a Tojibso 
TbBb xpHCTiaBCHHxi noHflxiltBonija 3i» cosHanie npocxaro Jmjim 
BnpoqevL, no cBoeiiy xapasTepy^ ohx chjebo npeAaa'^^peaHrui; 
o6pa3QBaHHBie KJiaccu, soHe^Ho, Sjnrse wb nosHapiio npaBAU^, Be* 
AYH^eft Kx 6j(ary BpeMeHHOMy h Bi^qnoMy, noioMy wia w6q^ oabt 
paa CBOHX^ juoSfflOiieBii bucoihm'b npoifoxoaKAeHieM'L n 6oraT- 

CTB0M1»^ BK^CXt Cl> T^Mli OTHpUBaCTl^ HMli CBOH TattHU; OHR 

HjQprb OeBii conpoTHBJieHifl aa npHMl^poMi, noBa3aHHiiMi» GBepxy> 

^0 H oSliflCHHeTl HaUli THXjOe H MHpHOe yBHilTOSeHie JIHTOB^ 

csaro flsuqecTBa , fioxopoe HcnoB^Ay^TCfl xeneps TOJLhVio cam: 
MH HeB^^secxBeHHUiin jiioAbMH, daSHBuiHMQca Bx oxAa^eHHyH) 
riymb. Uo^ieMy pycHHU , SHByqie b^ JIhxb^ , He HCXHHHue 
ipHcriaHe ? IIoqeMy qe Moryxi cMOHHXb HX'b Kb coeAUHeniio cb 

CB. pHMCROH) i^epROBbiD, HJiH He xoxaxb aXOFO ? HenOHBXHOl 
Kaaaiocb 6bi , mo Jienie o6paxHXb pycHHOBi, yse noRJiaHflio- 
opxca CB. Rpeoxy, nesew jiaxoBi^eBb^ B'&qHUX'b ero H^nplaxe- 
xeft. HeysejH pyccBie RHaabH ae coqiH 6u caoeio oGaaaHHOcxbio 
ECHOJiHnxb Bojuo BeuKaro BHsaa, ^ae 6u of :b pj^uuxejibHO ee 
BupaauTb. flx'b Btpa hh^xo HHoe^ rbkii MaHHxettcxBO , iiep^ 
3Kaa epecb. 

Gpei^^oxBa aejoi^oKHEiseGKOtt Ra3HU cocxoari HS'b aoxoaobii 
Cb amejib) opHHcy^jRaiqiiX'b Ropofii , cb oaepii) oxAasaeMbixi 
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K^qeBi, Hsi HaaibcxHux'b , onpeA^jeHHUx'b cyiMib, Roxopua 
Bduauxcfl Cb spK^aiJt 7 POBAaHHuxii BwcniHM'b qHHOBBHHamii^ 
Hai ooHUPfb E ^^lipeAiieBjijbixii npHHOiueHi^l jieHflbt^'bRHOSi^fti 



- i2 - 

npH ttoGHpaHiH EOtopmiift niitfrb upVdLOKBnci y)iotpl^6jffrE ckkj. 
Uo CMepTH OArepA^, kotr^a Bi spat nauajracB aHapxitf, AoX6%hi 
nasHU yMeHbniHjnrcb, xota no6opoB'B 6uao 6ojite h npH Ton 
AonycRajTffCB ajioynotpeSjiefliff. HacTOHOiift seJiHsiit khii3E Bh- 
TQJLhKh , Bi KOponoe BpeMH CBoero eAHfloxepsaBia, ycirbfb tkc- 
npaBHTb BTy BattHyio oxpacjib rocyAapcTBeflHaro ynpaBieHit; 
owb caifB oCitasaeTb iipoBiiHipH, BHnRaerB m> ynpaBieaie ro- 
pOHHHxii HMi^HiB, noctiqaeTb jreHHut'L KHHdett h TaKHMi 06 
paaotti c(y6RpaeTi» Gojibmie aoxoau; Ban ohr BeiiEH, hu He 
Morjm ysiaib on npHABopHUi'B ; Aa, RakiBTca^ ohh h cavn 

TOrO He 3BaiOT'B. 

Bo BTopHHHib (26-ro iDHa), npex'B nojiAHei'L, ii3b%ct0jh 
Haci npHOiiTiH Beniraro RHffSfl; ohi npvRaaajrL npHBtircTBO- 

BaTb HaC^ OTL CBOerO HMCHH H yB%AOMHTb, MTO Mill cRopo 6y- 

ffeH'b AOHyii^eHbi rx ero ocoOt. ?aca aa tpn no saRata coiHAa 
HpRnijiH aa HaMH numHo onirm irpHABopHue qHHOBHHRH H pu- 
i^apoTBo, Bi conpoBOJKAeHin ROTOpfim, npir SByaaxx BoeRHoii 
iiy3iiRH, MU ornpaBHJHCb ro ABopi^y BejiHRaro rhash. y bxoxa 
Ha(rb BCTp-bTHJii aejiHRift HapmaJii ci otpflAOMi ROHHaTBuxx 
popaffb; npHCJiyra, 6oraTO OA'&Taa, eToajra bi Aaa pHAa ltd cto- 
ponaHx mmel Aoponr, rbrs Ha ABtfp'fi} trri h wh orpoKHUli 
ctHRX'b. KorAB Hau^ ocTaBdjrocb r6 6oji%e naTU maroBi ao 
ayAiOHUsajiu , A^epH pacRpujnicb oacres'b r taoAit hhi^ iiu 

yBRA^AI npHBpaTHRROB'b--RCnOJ[RHt)Bl , ^eTEIpeXl BTb 3ai!k H 

CTOJibRo*e Bif nepeAHett, ohr A^pAaiR 6epAuinR cepe0j)flBue 

EIH H3l nOJIHpOBaHOfi CTHJU, HB rOJOBBXli HX'B OUJDI BhlOO- 

Ria / no Rpa&Heft nipih, bii JioRorb, ^epHbiH m^x^bbih tuanRH, 

OGBHTUfl CHHpajEbtEO dOJIOTblMH VfimMn, ROBHU ROTOptttl, yR- 

pameRHue RRctflMH, cnaA&JR RM'b Ha ujne^a; noA'b bthih man- 
RBMR, 3aGf erRBaBHiHMROfl y noA6opoAKa 30j[OTHeToM puCbcA ^e- 
myell , vop^aM rponaAHue ycnn^a BajHRanOffb, OopoAtt fee Ohuh 
nUto &u6|it!Ui. fii^ rj^ryOttnfi dafjHt , na SortiM y«patt«Miiitfiii 



- 83 - 

Kpec^aii^ CHAtJi> BejiHEitt mn^h BHiojbA^, no ciopoHaHi ero 
CTOflJiM DO ABa MOJioAUX'L nasa Wh Si^juxii oacsa^i'l, ui^c- 
KojbRO nasbe^ sa pyjNfl CTOjaMH) noxpuTUMH GoraruiiH nep- 
GHACRHMn RoapaHu, cvLj^im aa CTyjbflxi MHHHCxpu, cobI^thhrii 
H ceRpeTapH. KorAa mu AoniJU ao nojioBHau sajm, aeiHEift 
RHH3b H Bci npoqie bctoih , mu hhseo nojsjioHHJiHCbi cuepaa 
Rfli3M>, noTOMi iianpaBO h aajtBO) aa ^to nojiyqiuH as^HHue 
nouoHu; TorAa daroBopHJi oauh^ h31 MapmajiOBi, rpovio 
pascKaauBaa 061 oScTOHiejiBCTBax'B aamero npaSuTia h uaau- 
Baa aaiDH HMeaa, fla mto aejigRift BHH3b, yase chae, BHaByAiy 
rojiOBoio, noTOMi Apyrott vapuiajii upnrjiacnji aaci npaOjiH- 
sHTiiCff Kb noAHOJKbio TpoHa; MU noAoniJiH. aejiHsifi aaaab BCiajrb, 
tfiXb HaMi pyay . h uphhbjtb nacbMo aejiiiBaro ManiCTpa, xo- 
Topoe npHsan cuaqaaa wb cepAUy a nocjii^ BejAn nojiosHTb 
aa cTOJi^ , cnpocii j'B aaiiMi SAopoBbt aejiHRaro Maracxpa a 

HtKOTOpUX'B, HflaKOUUX'B BMy, CaBOBBHROBl OpACHa • IloCJt TOrO, 

Kaai TaltButt ceapeiapB HaROJiafl npo^ej'b j\%m aamero no- 

GOlbCTBa H TflXO , B'B Ui^CKOARHX'L dOBaX^ , COOOuiUll oSl 

newb BejHKOMy Rnaaio, aac^ nparjiacHJE b^ aajiy Mapnia40B'B 
H Ha TOMi E0H«uiJiacb nyOJiaqaaa ayAieaiQE. Ci cepeAU aaqa- 
iBCb iiacTHua ayAieatyB, npoacxoAEBDiifl B'B AHnjoMaiEqecEolt 
Kaai^ejiEpiH , aoTopaa noMl^qajiacb wb o6mflpBoft eombbt^, ocb'6- 
ii(eaao& ci ipexi ciopoEi oeheme, ci4hu es oSetu cemume ebeq- 

HUMll BOCTOWUME BOBpEME, JEBEE oSloaseEU RaMqaiEUME EOAyEI- 

KaME. y rjiEBEott CT^EU 66Jibniofi uapaAEutt ctojii, noapuTutt 

SOapOMl, paCBIETUM'b 30JI0T0M.1> E GCpeSpOMli, fla BeMl BUCOEOe, 

B'B ^/^ jiosTfl, BU3ojioqeEBoe pacnaTie e eoaji'^ BeiEEoxEEsecBaa 
MHTpa, Meux E ao.ioTaanajBa ejie^itoto apoA^ CBEHTpa, ae aue- 
Hte AByxi joBTefi, spoMi^ Toro ctoejo eqe qto to, AP^roi^EEO 
yapameHuoe, Bb i)0a1^ Maiolt ypau. Heab CT0J[0H^, MeasAy PyMfl 
BucoKOEpop'bsaHHhiME, BBaApaxflUME oKHaHE, BEciJii o6pa3i sa- 
Koro TO C3aTaro vb cepeSpaaolt paMt, a^uie ero -aa Ha^oaiMaK)* 



- 34 — 

fl^emcfl Sapejibeo^t HBoSpaxeme irpecB. A%bu^ CAtjaHHoe h3^ 
30JiOTa H 6epe6pa, npeA'B ROTopuMi bi> 3ojotohi>, asypnoHi 
fidpo6Et , roptjia jaMnaAa H3^ pimcRaro ipycrajH^ BHCflii^aH 
c'L noTOJifia, Ha sojoToft i^tnoMKt. Ha npanofi CTopoii'6 Apyrofi 
CTOJfL, KpacnBo HanpuTuft KpacHOR) Marepkit ci ra.iyHaim n 
BHGTflMH H 3aBaj[eHRufi 6yMaraMH , nepbflMH, tiepimjiii^aMH; 3a 
HffHi anniJTb numyn^id ceRperapb. Y bxoahuxi> ABepeft ctohjtl 
naiTB, ROTopuit HaSjioAaj'L neco^Bue ^acu h npn rbsaomi hxx 
o6opOT& yAapflJTL najio^RoM bi> CTeRjflHUbiS RojOROJib'^iiRX. RorAa 
mubouijih, BeMsiti Rua3b BCTaxL H3b 3a ceRpeTapcRaro croia. I 
paAyuiHo Haci npHBttcTBOBajix^ oocaAnxb na yAoOnuH Epecja n 
j[io6e3HO paBroBopif jfca c'b HaHH. IIpii npon3HeceHiu iiMeBH cb oii^a, 
nasfci BeueAHRTa IIII, ohi>, H'gcROJibRo npHnoAHHBiuiicb^ cHHMajii 
CBOio niJfluy, npH HMeHn Ropojefi pnMCRaro n.uf nojbCRaro, ne 
BCTaBafl , oOHaxajii rojioBy , a Hasbmaa Bejufuaro MarHcrpa, 
TOJibRO HeMHoro HaRJOHRji'b ee. Ero m.irflna iioxoAiua na hc- 
naHCRoe coMSpepo, npo^aa OAesAa cocToaJia iiax asejiTaro, niej- 
ROBaro RaM30Jia, 3acTerflyTaro no caMaro ropjia 30J0TtrMH ny- i 
roBHii[aHH Ha bojiotuxI) neuHi^axi, HcnoAHee niaTbe^ po30Boe^ \ 
H3^ TaTapcRott MaTepiH h Rpacnue ROjRaHue canoru cb 30J[o- | 
TUMH mnopaHH. IIoRcoM'b cjtysoa HeuinpoRaa jeHTa , uiHTafl 
BOJioTOBTb H 3acTerHyTaR Ooraioio npflffiRoio, Ha neit Biiclm i 
RpioqRH HM npncTernBama caSjH ; CBepxy HaRunyrb Ba<&TaHi 
rpanaTOBaro ufi^Ta^ cmirrbiit no jihtobcrh, toji^ro noApt3aHHuft 
RopoTRO; H3i> 3a HORca BbifMAbiBajia pyROflTb RHHsajia, ocu- 
naHuafl aopofhmh RaMeabflMH. HeAypHo roBopnrb no h^mci^rh n 
HHOFAa BM'&niHBae'rb JiaTHHCRia opasu, RaRi 6bi seaaa Buna- 
3aTb CBOH) yqenocTb ; BtA^ ohi 6Hjn> BOCHHiaffb 6paT0Mx ea- 
mero opAeaa FaHHO o. BHHAeHrefiMOMi>^ ROTopufl, caa^raja njiH- 
HHRi,. noTOftTb npifliejib KeficTyia, 3aHHMajica b^ TpoRaxb o6y- 
^emeiTL ero A'^Tefi h shjui tbhi ao caHOti. cMepTH. Mu ro- 
BopHJH 0^ h aioH'L pui](apt \ Bejoudft EHflSb o^eHb XBaiHiB ero 



— 35 — 

AodpoAi^TejH H yqenocTb h AOKaaarejibHO ODpoeepri AdBHitt 
cjyx'b o6i ero (rrcrynHH^iecTBt. Ilpa ^TOM^ yAo6HOMi cjiyqat, 
fl npoeHjTb BejiHRaro mmn oHncEmh nawh TafiHy o qempex^ 
HafflHxi» SpaTbflX'b, He^aBHO 6i^»aBiUHXi b^ JiHTBy, ho ohi 
npepBajTb Meufl, CRaaaB^^ nto raqero oH hhx^ He 3HaeTi>, 3a 
HCKJiOMeBieMi Toro, vro ohh nepenijiR rpaHHi^y n noflBjifljiiCL si 

HtCSOJIbRHX'L MtCTaXl CO CB011MH iM)60BHHI(aMH. ROMy 2Re Ut- 

pnTb ? JlHi(e BejiiRaro BHflSfl MOJOsaBO, Becejio h cnoRofino, 

owh noqnr ho H3»i^Hnjicfl ci rk\^ nop'B^ RaRi e bha^J'b ero 

Bi> HflCTepSypr^^ tojilro Tor^a ohx He 6ujii> tbrrmi noABHas- 

HUM'b. Dpn Bceit CBoeit nojHOTt, ohi> RaaKeTCfl 6ojii>heihi>. Ohi 

KM^Th ^iTo TO i[jr6RHTej[bHoe BO BBrjBA^) ^To npHBJieRaerB 

vh HCHy cepAue RaiRAaro ; roBOpHTL, qTO om HacjitAOfiaJi'L diy 

qepTy on> naTepH ^ ifo6ETb oOflBUBaTb 6oj[£e 6iarocRjioHHocTbH) 

R npeAynpeARTejibHocTbH) ^ HeiReJH AapaMR, OTHOCRiejibHo no- 

cJi^AHHXi HHorAa Suaaerb oqenb CRyni>, HHorAa se qpesi H^py 

pacTouiiTejieHi. Bi oSpaqeniH ch jiiOAbMH OH-b ciporo co6jik>- 

Aaen» npHjniqifl , iipRABopuue ero OTJinqaioTCH CRpuTHOCTbio h 

y^THBOcTbH). RiiRorAa qpes^ Mtpy He nberb Rpi^iiRRX'b nanRT- 

ROB^, Aaxe Bi urn^i Ha6jiDAaerb yMtpeHHOCTb. BejiHRifi RHASb 

MHoro paSoraerb. caMi» saHHMaeTCR ynpaajLemeMi Rpaa h se- 

laerb snaib 060 BceHi ; 6uBafl na qacTHux'b ayAieHi^iHX'b, hu 

eaMH BBA'bJiH ero yAHBRTejbHyio A'^a^J^i^HocTb : pasroBapHBaa 

cb HaMH A'^Jiax'b, TpeSoBasmRXb nojinaro BHRHanifl , ohi bi 

TO me BpenR cjymajx qxeme pasHbixi* AORJiaAOB'b h AaBan 

ptmeHifl. HapoA'b RM'&ex'b cBoOoAHufi rx Heny AOCTyni, ho 

BCRRift, sejaioii^ifi Kh neHy npnGjiHSHTbCfl, AonpauiHBaeTCR npeA- 

BapHTejibHO 0C060 HM Toro HasRaMeHHUH'b ABopflRRHOM'b h ao- 

cit Toro npocb6a^ inr6K)U(afl SuTb noAanHoio Monapxy rjr RpaT- 

Ro HBiaraeTCH hu Syiiart em npocHTejib caM^ HAeTi» ci» no- 

HflRyruMi ABopfliiHHOffli H ycTHo nepeAacT'b ee BejiHROMy rhh- 

3io. RasAutt A^Rb mu bra^JIh o^enb mhofo JooAefi, npHXOAR- 



- ^ - 

qHX*^ CL npocb6aMH hjiii npitasaioqiixi h3i oTAajienHux-B 

Hi^CTHOCTefi Cl> BaBHMH TO OOpyqeHiHMH. TpyAHO UOHHTb, BaKT» 

AOCiaerb eMy BpeMCHH na cxojibRo aaHaiifi; EaaKAufi A^b Be- 
jHKiit BHH3b cjiyoiaeTi jmypriio^ nocjrt BOTopott, ao o6%a^^ 
paSoTaexi) wh cbocm'l BaSuHeit, oC^a^^tii CBopo u oocjilk xoro^ 
H'bBOTopoe Bpesifl, loxe neAOJro, ocTaeica bi^ CBoeMi» ceiiejl- 
CTBi^ MH aaSaBjaexcH BUxoABaMH CBO^x^ npHABopHuxi my- 
TOBX, 001011%, BepxoMi) Ha jiomaAH, ohi> tAtTb ocnaxpHBaTb 
nocipoSvy aomb njni BopaGjfl \\m uto HaOyAb^ npnajieBaioniee 
ero BHHMaHie. FpoaeH'L oh% TOjibBo b^ BoeHBoe BpeH», ho bo- 
o6nt^ noj(OHi> AO^poTu u cnpaBeAJHBpCTii, yMteiOi Kapaib h ira- 
Jiopaib. Majio ciinrb ^ mbjo CMtexcH , 6ojr6e xojiOAeHb a pa3- 
cyAHxejienx, HeacejiH huuiob'l; xopomee hjih AYPnoe HasicTic 
nojiy^aexTi oht*, jihi^c ero ocxaexca OeacxpaciHUM'L, bii axoMb ox- 

HOpieHlH OHI» OqOHb HdMtBHJCa CI XtX'b HOpi*^ BaB1> SUJlli B% 

OpycciH. SSeua HM'&ex:b Ha Hero Sojibuioe BJiiflaie, ho BaBaa se 
9X0 seamiHa ! P^a^^^^^^ ^ aejiHBaa pi^AKOpxb MeasAy AOUepaMU 
EBbi? Xoxfl BeJiHi^afl BuarHHH BcerAa conpoaonA^exi CBoero 
Mysa , HO Ha dxoxb pa3i> ohi> oahhi jipitxaj b bx BHJUbHy ; 
roBopHW , ^TO nesAopoBbe saAepiBaJO ee b% Tposax^ , RyAa 
Mbi H oxnpaBHJBLH Ha3HaqeHHbie A<sa nea noAapsH* CBopo :ia 
tI^hI) npil^xaJH) abopahbhii ea BucoMecxaa, FiiHexii, cb h3%- 
aBJieHieiCL 6jaroAapHOCXB aejiHBOMy MarHcxpy, i^f'h npeBpac: 

HUMH A^fl U^fO HOAapBaMH H Cb I^I^JblH'b MtUlBOMl JB- 

BojHCXB'L A^fl iiaci. BejHBaa BHaraHH HU'bJia ci^j^oe BJiiaaie 
Ha yuacxb caoero Mysa; cmojioab o6B'bH^aiiHJjfi gi> Mapiefi, 
BHaaBHOK) jiyBOMCBOH) , OHX Hoxepajb ee npa posA^HiM a^^^P^' 
cnycTH 17 M%cfli](eBi noc.i'6 6paBa; xeHHBniHCb BXopH'iHO, eqe 
npB SH3HH OjbrepAa, Ha Ahh^^ BHaxHt CHOdeHCBoii^ owh hh- 
mejE'L wh Hefi anre^a xpauaxeja. Ona BupaaAa ero uaii pyKi 
flreuoBUX'b atHBOAepoBi), cnacja ero Hai* BpeacBofi XH)pbiiu u 
Hamjia Buy yG'bsH^e h y^acxie bi> Hameiii opAeH'b. Ohi oOiia* 



ii|K»ajiMaT^biiocTb ero cyopym; .Tempb, M^sen 6uTi> • CHoea 
naUjifiTh owb BX flrejiji'6 hjih b> b^4(>. jiy6o ip0i»JP^9 6§BT^lr 
TdKyja .JI1D60BI11;, is9J!(yM> yn^ pjii «wy i)i^> no^^^iBpafTb h 

cRafi xe ^jiojBHrb BorB ^.>,eH..o^pAii^ xy oqi^oposiMcni iH- me- 
AOBtpie ^. KOTopufl cBOfia MOfyn^' AOCJEysjf^b bo cq^f^BiiD ^ft 
Myxa; ei oc^Se^pcx^ .cxfip^wcb hu ^yviBib pxo Q9H(N|iy. 

BeJBKOMy BHfl3H) yCTllO , a BHAFBH^ HHCbMeUHO. H 8^0,96 JB^!^ 

BHAHTb, Htm rpo^i|T;)> jumxoiw^ji .Aa^^ d^mcHip^Tb oii bo- 
po2a , HaaltoxHaro cj^oniii , H(aIOG^}I^pXBO^')^^^ ^acTo. Bafi^saipH 

U^ro IlpeAOHCaHia X{HI0TJi9HCBl(X1>. jlfl^WG%9^ h pyBQBOiH^waFa 

HeqecxHBiiiMH iC^ft^lHHBaNK voJHrCSHUH ^ 'KOTopue niftorb B% 
BHAy T04bBQ JiBUflue ]iH|r6peeia ; bto^ roaop^, bo ^j^iti>v csoab^^ 
KG ra6ejbiuffi> BiiT{«i|Tb :AO|aq»tt'b OflfW^Tft ;^>'9Tolt oTcypMiBi 
BuT0JibA3>; HB Difti^i^i^ , iipjUMara nQioiiCTvi^^ hn CHAbHU)C(i 
opaxi^eBi*! BaTopiJO m«^4H 4u flOAA^pntaiii oco bo apoHa ^p: 
BsroAU ? Fa^^ib cxpaoxb &% ' rociiOAoxBy^ He; iiyHHirb , ,h6 yrpij-. 
aaerb h paaat 6paTHi9a j|)96oB(if .i;i]iO|i^o<!i»a ^poi^BBTbCfl axoil 
crpacxH? a y iflrojiM. Bt^b Bpiro/ pftAHUX'b .^paxb(^3%. : . 

30 iip|ia> Bi<.cy4$oxy^ nocJt iiOi4yAHfl|> cA<flH; vu ho npor 
BpacBbifl cyAf .. u, qoD4M4U. Bq^oA ji^ Kobbb, ByA9.. npw6u4H 
Boiepoiii> S-iii^u,. jtffii nor^n 6u iipi1^iaTbn.rj(^|^3Ao..!CJiop1^4 
TaRi> BHJBi^ cyAa fl«\iUH Omjh ;.o>)eii> . jopif , |i, xovOiB^ qecb^a 
obfCTpo^ uOj on9(;9^QbMl^axb iv>'^J^fPi l^or^a . nobuko ^jj^p.HagPn 
EByxbpfl . aa noA^OAuuii sa^c^ib ^mn ,m BUi^ojiobiq^, ^apiBAUi 
BOTopufliH Hmo .neperopa,ftg»aHxi"b a^w p^y^ m l^j^aj^.x^^br 

KO ABOVb.. B'b.RoBBl^tllf^QXB^Cb MU jpikSonp^BOM^ OXTOBf^ppH'^ 

H Apyroft jme 'iHH9B|ipi>, noj BMOHH MoBoxo«iibA'b7|]p9po^^> 
nacb HP H)p6ypia^ bja^ npi'bxajiH bi> cy^Opxy 7 i^ii'^ ^ ^Y?*^ 
Mu Aox/V8uiucj> roHi^a , BfToparo AejiiiKifi wash q6$ii(Aji mr 
Maw, 3a,iwJiH,.flpfl,(T. ,^ ,9jJAes9nip.),„fiyflja,,yaj^s^T^jW* 



osHA&JiH Hac% ; &bia mu Ha hhxi, noEonqEB^ bc1& Hanm Atja, 
H npHGuiH Bi> ParaRTy, Bi MOTfiiBprb 12 iwifl 1397, raise 
d^opeBfiie, itas'B « npH on^But^. 

Ha 9ToirB oKaH^HBaeTcii nepeBBAeaHuft aaiffi AH^BHinrb 
rpa^a RiiOyiva ; cjrtxyeni, npasxa, j(Bi%e aaJinHCb : cgeqnitor 
cedula dansa^, ho afoit cedul'u V KaKi cooGqaerb vb npait- 
^aniii O'Hai^eBH^b, npk opHTHHaibHofi pyKonacH ne Hatxeao. 
Oaa, Koae^HO) eoAepttaja bi ce6t noApoSaocni nacqerb 1^611 
nocdJbCTBa. 

J^aeBRirn nocojbCTBa rpa^ KH6ypra anepBue Hane^aTaai 
Hat)6yT0Mi at HSAaHHOHi hmi, b^ 1856 r., cofipaHiH crareil h 
BunHCoini R9i pyionhoeit, BfecbMa miTepecHiiix'b js,n HCTopm 
paacmaTpuBaeHOft HaMH anoxR (Teodora Narbntta , Ponmieisze 
pisma bistorycoKoe , szczegdlnie do history! Litwy odnosziice sie 
Wiino. 1856. Naklad i druk Tebffla Cfliicksberga). HcTOpia aroro 
ilanHTHHRa HoaKeri Curb roboaoiii ri coHRbHiio wb ero ooji 
urhoc^h: HapGyrb He aaajrb noAJRHHRRa, offb nojiy^RJib ooib- 
cRil tiepeaoAii ero, cAtJtaHHUfl- O'HaiteBRqeM'b r idrAa xortn 
y3itarb, fA'b hocj^^amA mjs!bn opRraHajrb, aa RaRovi asHRt 
owh HanHCdRb, ecrb m Bosttoamocib Aoorarb ero^ — Bonpocu 
ero * dcrajmcb 6e3'b 0TB'6Ta , noTOMy qro O'Eai^eBR^ii cKopo 
yuep'b. BuAO 6u HecnpaaeAJiRBo , oARaRoarb , ociaBJiHTb 6e3i 
BRHMaHia BdXRUfl R HHT^pecButt naHaTHRRi/TOJibRo noroay, 
TTo He 3HaeM% ero oparRuajibHOfl pyaonRCR; aceoOqee Hoiqa- 
HJ6 Renfb ReifHorRxi yqeRuxx, aaaRHaamRXCfl Rciopieft Ilojb- 
obR ' R ItTBU B% XIY tsb^i , EORe^Ho , ne cyjRTb eny HRqero 
Aofiparo , HO TftMi Re Rente a atpx) vh «ro noAJRHRocTb i 
Hep^faeqaTubaiD ero tenepb bi> pyccKOMi nepeBOA%, raRiKarb 
RBHra Hap6yTa ro^tr yase aumjia hsi o6pafl^eHifl ; do Rpaftael 
Mtpi a Re Morb AocTaxb ee ai Mictt ea RaAaaia, y ea R3Aa- 
TOJiB , HaaronpoAaBi^a TjioKcGepra. V aaci curuirohi AOJiro 
cy^ec^oBajia caeirni^ecRaa aiEOJia , cjiRmKOH'b MRoro oiBep* 



- i^ - 

raBinafl, qro BnocjtACTBtir fiujio npH3HaHo noxiUHHUMi h jo- 
cTotfHUH'B BHHMaHifl ; HajqefiHue ea ropbRHMi onuTOMi^ mu ae 
ptiuimcii npoMTH MOJi^iameirL HOBUit , Basautt rcto<ihhri pir 
HCTopii JEhtbu XIT Btxa, no RpailHefi Htpt c^irraeirb cBoeio 
ofiasaHHOcTbiD CHoea oOparHTb na nero BRHHaaie yqeauxi. 

I^^b nocojrbCTBa rpa^a RnCypra ae oQ'bflCHfleTCR mh ero 
xeeBHHKa, ho oaa AtJiaercH noHHTHOH) R3i ncTopiH OTHomeBiM 
op^eRa H noADiH Kh JlflTBt Bocjit 1392 r. Bi ceoeMi Mterft 

r 

Mu SyA^Mi iroApoSno roBopRTb o6i bthxi OTHomeHiarb, SA'^b 
se TOJibRo CRaseni, iro flrejK^fo, npHHysA6HHi>>fi orxaTb JUi* 
TOBCRoe BejiHRoe RHflseHie BirroBTy bi 1392 To^y, Ao^ro n6 
0Ra3UBajii eBiy AOBlbpia, hcjil^ncme ^ero fiBToarb ue xor&rb 
osonqaTejTbHO paspbiaarb (Tb opAenoHi , anoiRft yBftpeHHul, 
^To, npH Toft' Bpa»At) ROTopaa cyqecTBOBajia nesAy nojbmeiD 
H Opycciei, uoc:itnnnn 6yAerb BtpflOD esiy coH)3HHuett, ecjH 
npHAercH pasopBarb cb iiepaoio. Bi cboh) o^epeAb h opAeHi>, 
aaaa o HenpBMRpHMoit HeHaBHCTH rb HeMy JlrejiJia^ nocTORBHO 
H'apaicfl cGjiBsnTbCfl ci Bhtobtomi h y^0Tpe6Jai^ Bci& ycR- 
Jifl noccopHTb ero c^b Ropojieirb boacrrhx ^ iworo padi ycrpaH- 
BdjHcb CBHA^niH BejiRRaro R<ifl3a flHTOBcaaro ci BejiHRHMi Ma- 
nicTpoMi, 6ojbtuaa nacTb hii ocrajiacb 5e3^ nocrbA^^Bifi; noRa 
RaBoHei^x nojiHRH camn ne HcnopTHJiH caoero k^m. Ropojieaa 
HABHra, RoneqHo, no Hayn^eHiio nojibCRHXi MarRaxoBi, bcboh- 
HHJia, B^ Haqaj'b 1398 roAa, mto flrejijro, npn SpaRocoqBTaHiR 
n HeK>, noAdpRJTb efi, rbri b^ho, cboh pyccRiff h ihtobcrIr 
3eMj(H H HOTpeGosajia aa aroMX ocaoaaHiH orb Bhtobtb e»6- 
roAHofi AflHH. He CHOTpa na ApysecTBeBHufi tohi> aroro tpeSo- 
BaHiR, OHO B'b TBRoH CTenoHH pasApaxHJO Brtobtb, «1T0 OHl 
HeHeAJeHHO C03Ba'jn> b^ BifJibHy BasH'bttinHxi 60Hpi» jihtob- 
CBarb H pyccRHXi h cnpocHJix isrb^ cquraiorL m orh ce6fl 
QOAAaHHbiiiH RopoRu oojibcRoil H oSflsaHHUMH HJiatHTb eft eike- 
roAHyK) noARTb ? Ilocjift oTpauaiejibBaro oTBtta Goapi, ci bo- 



- m- 

jiHnatiniHH^ iQj^yXQBOJibcx^iev^ pii^pimK'b o ppaTflsaBiaxi Dojb 
cfipit RopojeBBi^. , fi(iTOfiTi) QfijpaTHJica fi^ aejiHHOiiy narRcrpy ci 
ttpQCb6oio Ha^HaqeaiH AHt cij^Aa, aa soTopoMi owh upeA* 
juiraji. s^jimiiTh npoMHufii Mjip'b Hesxy JIhtboio h npycciefi 
Bb auptjpb 9o6paJ[aci> bi> TpoAHO cb OAflott cxopoHU BHToan 
u erO; 5ogpe, cb Apy^ott aaaiaittnua caaoBBHRa opAeaa, bii qa- 
cjil^ KOTopjbix'b 6uj^i r jaBHuli aa^a jbHH&b ropinHTajiett ^ rpa«i 
^oapaA'b : SaGypr'B, Ton oam^tt} ROTopufl I^am*^ bi* BHibiiy^ 
4d^'EQMi 1397 r. 23 aflpiM iuA-b BaimQaHi> coioaBuft Aoro- 
Bap>) 1)0 .ROTop()My. ^HTOBT'b (^Jiaji'b BaasHua ycxymu opAeay, 
arprb. AorpBop'b ffiMmewb Omi nHlbib €juy, flecnoTpa aa 
TCj.^: y:cBeppTii wai ho yTBeppirb ero ArejiJio; aa npaaAae- 
CT^4S^ BO dTOMy iioaoAy, JunoBi^bi h pyccRie npoBpsriamaJiH 
TOOTU 9a BflxoBia, KOppaa JiHTOBCKaro h pyccaaro; oahbmii 
04pppM'b cpioa^ )ie»Ay JI^tbok) ^ Ilojbnieio Raaajca pa3opBaH- 
HHM>, (Voigt. Geschiphte Preuasens. VI, 92 — 101). 9Toro 
TOAbRO u AOilorawH opAeai h, esie% hu BHAlbAR, nojiBRH caiH 
o6jier4R;iii AOcraaieBie ero A^u, hq atrb caHalifi|a, iro h 
npesAe.HM^ y QoxpeSjeB^ , 6ujui ^q£ cpeApxaa aJKa i^^i^o^ ^'^^^ 
noccopBrb BHTOBia ci» flreMoirb ji nocpjrbCTBO BflSypra, omc* 
B^Alio, ObiJip upeppHaaTo c% BTjiwh HaM!bpeBieM'b, axo A0Ra3U- 
aaexca r6MH I'bCTaMH ero ABeBHRica, fa^ oa'b c% jumentpieii, 
cxQJib CBoficxaeHBbiM^ npyccRBH'b pijqapaHi, ctxyexi aa ae- 
CH^cTBoe npjKnKeaie Brxobtb h despcjieHijiiiifl onacBocxH, rpo- 
3aB^a pMy ,ca. cxppoHU flrejun. noBaxao, ^xo EaGyprb, no6u- 
B^Bmift Bb Bajibfll^, noaaaROMHamiitca co MBoraMH .iHXOBuaMi 
H pyccRHAUf, 3RaK)n][ift xopomo itojioiReQe u cpe^icxBa rocyAap- 
qBa, 66iJ[i> nocjtaa'b HarncxpoMii wh TpoARO, RyAa obi can 
He Ko^i ij^RgbiTb, aecMoxpa aa aaasHoe daaveaie DpeACxoflB- 
niRK'b jieperoBopoBii. OO-bacaaa xaaaM-b o6pa30M b DocojbCTBo, o 
RoxopoH'b ciy^a&EO He ynoHRHaexca hb Bb oauomi aai acxo* 
pa^ec^Hi^'b. , cpqqi^^, hU; pe BHAiitt'b BfcaRHXii Q0B0A0B^ A-i> 



— 41 - 

HenpB3HaH]fl nocojbCKaro AHOSHHRa aoctoHhumi Bibpu HCToqen 
EOMi. Owb npeAcrauflerii npeRpacnyio eapTHHy BHyrpeHHeit khbhh 
jflTOBCxaro rocyxapcTea h ffayxi HapoAOBi, lOTopue cocTaBJifl.iH 
ero Hacojienie, ho AOJSHonpHdHaTbca, mto, aa HCRJiioqeHicMi h^ro- 
Topuxi noApofiHocxefi, BcerAa aasHuxii h HMi^ion^Hxi BucoRyio 
i^tHy, ecjiH oeI^ cooGuiaioicfl o^emwifiMb mm 6j[H3rhm'l cbh- 
AtTeieMi, Sojibmafl nacib BaRJiioqaioii^HXCfl wb HaineMi naiiflT- 
HHrb cB^A^Hift yse MBBtcTHa hs'l ApyrRXi hctoiihurobi. Ho- 
qTH Bce, qTO qHTaeMi y aero o AP^Buefi Bhjilr%, HaxoAHHb 
n AByxi HCTopiflxi btofo ropop, HanHcaHHUxi BajHHCRHMh 
H BpameBCRHMx, MHoroe, RacaiDiueecfl HapoAaaro 6uTa, oco6eH - 
HocTeft noJoaReaifl pyccRHXi, peiiecjii a ToproBjni, pasGpocaHO 

Kh nOJIbCRHXl H JIIITOBCRHX'B Jf^TOnHCflXB H Bl COqHHeHJflX'L 

jHTBt HnocTpaai^eBi (nanp. dnea CajibBia), a coSpaao y flpo* 
meBHia ai ero Obraz'% Jhtbu hjih bi> Dziej6 starozytne narodu 
Litewskiego, HapOyra, ho H3o6paaeHie xapaRTepa Bhtobtb h 
o6uqaeB'B ero ABopa, onHcaHie jth^hocth enHCRona AHApea h 
ycHJift ero yiaepAHTb b'l J[htb% RaT0J[RI^I3lrb, HaMORH Ha aaa* 
qeaie aejiHRott RHflTHHH Ahhu , H3B%CTie o npaaocjiaBiH Ojib- 
repAa h HaRoaeqi noApo6HocTH, Bnepaue cooGn^aeiiUH , mho 
rax-b yse H3B'6cthuxi co6uTiit, npHAaioTi AHeaHHRy KuOypra 
He Majrufi HHTepeci h a'^^J^ioti ero aasHUMi hctowhromi 
AU HCTopiH JIhtbu h aanaAHofi PycH ai XIY atofi. Bb ooo- 
5eHH0GTH Hu i^tHHHi ero 3a pasptmeHie aonpoca o atpoHcno- 
B^AafiiH OibrepAa, ROToputt ao caxb nopii emfi ocTaaaJcfl 
cnopHUMi, aecMOTpH hb acHoe cBHAtiejibCTBO pyccaax^ ji-bTO- 
naceft o ero npaaocjiaBiH. Tt hctophrh, ROTopue ho b^phjih 
BTOHy CBHAtTOJibCTBy , AOMHU TeHopb , noGJTb noATBopsAeuia 
ero BH6yproHi, corjiacHTbca , mo npaBOCjraaie OjibrepAa ecTb 
^BRTb HeonpoBepsHMuft. 



. t 



. ■ I ■ 



ISGJUOIMIE 



llBHatEHIfl DliHETbl WUOHH. 



PASCySHBHIE HAnHCAHHOE 



JI. e. BEFKEBEHElfB. 



TjiaRHoe daTpYAiieHie, npn onpeAi^jeHiH BOdNyn^eHilt b'B 
TBHseHiH njaHeTTi, coctohtl bii pasjioseHiH oipni^aTejbHkixi 
cTenenefi hxii BsaHMnaro pa3CT0flHifl bi SedROHe^Hue pffj^u. 
^I>paHuy3CRHMH n repmaHCRHMH xeopnTHRaMH-acTpoHOMaNn npe^- 
.loaseiio HtcvojBRo padjnqmjxii cnocoOoBi psi BupaseHifl 9Toro 
l>OAa <&yHKiit pfl^aMii. MeacAy sthmr ciiocoSaMU iipn onpeAtjre- 
libi B03Myii^eHiti[, upoTcpntBaeMbixL lutaueToio H)uohok) oti> A^ti- 
(TBifl iia Hee njiaHeiiii GaTypna, a aaOpaaii auajiHTHqecRitt 
iipieM'b raHseea, noMtu^cHHuft bt* ero couHHeHin : Entwickelung 
der negativen and ungraden Potcnzen der Quadrat-wurzel der 
Function r*+r'* — 2rr' (cos C cos U' + sin D sin U' cos I). 

9toti> cnocoSii B'B TeopeTH^ecEOMb oTHOuieHiu coBepuieHiio 
ciporiH^ Ha iipaETHE'b MoaserB Slitb yiioTpeS^ieaii tojibko lorjifl 
cb yciitxoHii, BorAa oTHomeuie MexAy nojiyocHMii MancTb 
B03Myii;aeHofi h BosMyn^aioii^cfl MCHBrne V2- Scjh aio otho- 
uienie paaao Va^ hjr Sojibuie ea, to ohb A^JiaeTca qpeaBu- 
uafiao yroMHTejibHiiLMi) no MOA^ieHHofi cxoahmocth pbaob-b ; 
Bci^ACTBie cero npn BbiqncjieHiH BOSMyutenifi n.iaHeTU H)HOHrii, 
npoHcxoAflu^Hxi> OTi> A^iicTBifl aa nee njiaaeTii H)nHTepa a 
Uapca, fl yuoTpeSajib APyrofi MeTOA'b FaHdeaa, HBJOfficiiHbifi 
Bi ero coqaaeHiH : Auseinandersetzung einer zweckmdssigeii Me- 
thode zur Berechnung der absoluten Storungeu der kleineu Pla- 
neten, bi> BOTopoMi* EaaAparb h37i B^anMnaro paBCTOBHifl njia 
Herb npHBOAHTCfl B'B BHAy: 

D— / cos(t'— F)t-V,;'2 COS 2 E', 
^t D,/, F cyib <i>yHKuiH ^BKcueHipn'iecKofl anoMajiia B03- 
Myu^aeMott nJiaaeTbi. Bi> btohb nocAl^jifim'h cnocoS'b oahhii 



HHTerpajn*, nocpeACTBOHi» EOToparo onpe^tJAioTCff RoeMipeHiu 
pasjioflseHifl uepiypSai^ioHHofi oyHRUJH, nojiyqaeTca aeajiHTHqecsH, 
Apyrofi noMon^BH) MexaHnqecRHXii KBaApaiypii. Bi TeopeTHie- 
CBoS qacTH Hamero paacysAeHifl, mu orpaHnqneaeMca H3Jiose 
HieMT> TOJbRO nepBaro HeTo^a FaHaeHa ct> HtROTopEiMu mui- 
HeniflMii , no nameMy HH'bHiH) , A'^J^^ton^HiUH 9Toti> MeTop n 
npome, H Eopo^e. 

§ 1 

IlycTb X, y, z, 6yAyT^ EoopAHHaTu iManeTU BosMymae- 
Mofl, a X', y', z' ROopAHHaiH njiaHCTM B03MyniaiDmefi, oraeceH- 
HUH wh TpeM'b B3aHHHonepneHAHKyjiHpHi>iM'B ocflMTi, nepectKa 
loii^uMCfl Bii i^eHTpi^ cojiHBia ; ecjH J B3aHMHoe po3CTOflHie njaeen, 

TO JL (x - x')'+(y- yO'+(z - ^'T 

QpHMeMii njiocBocTB opSHTbi B03MyiitaK)ii^efl ujianexU; co- 
OTB^TCTByiomyK) onpeA*JieHHofl aiioxt, sa luocROCTb xy, jh- 
HiK) nepectqeuifl opSarL bi> lyse .')noxy 3a ocb x, h HasofieMi: 
BsaHMHyH) HaRjiouHOCTb op6HTi> upeai I; yrojii> aaRjioqeHHUit 
HeasAY paAiycoM'b BeRiopoMb Maneiu BoaMyii^aeMofi h ocbH) x. 
qpe3T> U^ yroji'b, saKJiroieHHufi MCffiAY paAiycoMt BeRxopoMi 
B03Myii^aH)ii^efi iMaHexbi h toh) se ocbio qpesb U'; paAiycu 
BeKTopu B03Byii^aeMoit u BoaMyn^aioii^eil ManeTbL qepesi r, r'; 
TorAa: 

X = r cos C x' ^^ r' cos U' 

y = r sin U cos I y' = r' sin U' 

z = r sin U sin I z' -=^ o' 

noAcxaBjflfl axn BCJiHqiiHH ai* HafiA^uHOC paacxoflnie, npHBeACH 
uoe Ell BHAy : 

JL {x— x'+{y-y')l/"lj jx-x'-(y— r)I/=l j+(z-z'f 
nojiywM'B : 



3 



^y>^y\^y^^ 



J'- r' [cosU' + sinU V -I - ^--Uos' |- jcosU+sinUl/ -1 

+8iii?-l j cosU — sinOl/ - 1) j 1 [cosU'— sioU'[/ -1 

_"L jcosJ- ( cosD — sinU \/^\ ) +ain'-l ( cosU 

+8inUl/ _l) jl+4L',8in'-lcos-i sin U 
IlycTb c Sy/ieTi ocHOBanie nenepoBUXi lorapHeMOBb ; 

IIOJOBHH'b : 









UI/-1 




D'l/- 1 












c 


u 


c 


u' 




Tor^a 






— 










ry 


=['- 


r 
r' 


/ u' M 
- cos _- 

\ u 2 


+ -,sin' 
uu' 


\)]V- 


r/u' 
r'lu 


•I 








+ tttt' 


-,' )l- 


r'* 2 


■i.(« - 





u6o3Ha<iafl' 



i r / tt *I , 1 . *r 

1 — -;- — iCOs^- H sin ^ 

r' \ tt' 2 uu' 2 

r /u' 'I ^ I 

1 — _ — cos-=- + uu' sin 



r' \u 2 2 

noiyqaMi : 

,^ '— sm --cos- u j ' 

^--(FF) j1 j^,p, I 

pa3.iarafl no 6HH0My HiOTOHa, naxoAHHi: 

> — ^11 C0S--IS1U I u ——I FF)* » ) 

r^ib Q HOSerL npUHHMaTb BCb BOSMOflSUUfl l^tJUfl BeJIH^HHU 



OT^ AO G», n (n)izl. 2. 3 .... n. Phat> btoti 6yAeTL cxo- 

Afln^iftcff, ecj[H y CyAeTTi < 1, ho oh'b MoneTii 6uTb cl no a3oio 

^ r 

TOJibKO Torp yiioTpeSjreHi, Korfla OTHomeme zr < V^^ Oiciojia 

BHAHo , qio pfl nojiyqenifl nojHaro pasjoseHia BeM^Hbi ^ 

HyjKHO cnepsa paajonsHTb (FF')~-.|^^' — SaftMeMca 9thmt> paa- 
loseHieMi. 



§ 2. 

r /u I 1 ^\ \ 
Mn o6o3HaqHJiH F' =: 1 — - cos^ ^ + — sin ^ \ 

rW 2 uu' 2 / 

2n+l 
B03BHfflafl 9Ty BejfflqHHy vh cienenb — — ^ naxoAHMi 



_2n+l II(2n+2 )n(n) r / M ^ 

F' 2 — 1 + 22n(n+l)n(2n)a(l) r' \ 2 u' 

+sm«' n'n" \ . n(2n+4 )n(n) /rY(n(2) * , , , 

+''' T^ ' I + 2^^Wi:2)ir(2Hjn^^^^^^ in(2"r ^^^" ' 

+ il(iy[§)^^s '^^I sin' %I ru' +5||sin* Val u a- 

+ 

OSqitt qjieni aToro Bupasenifl H3o6pa3HTcn: 

n(2n+2/) n(n) /r \>-rn(£)cos^ % I u^u'"^ 

n(/) v-g) . *« , , /-"= '-/ 1 



• .^ /• X /N 



no ceny 

F ' 1 ^ 
y y n(2n+2/)n(/) u'^ y COS y, i sm v^ I u 

/zrogz:-"" " 2^/n(n +/) n(2n)~r(/)D(g)uG^^^ 

Ho F oTjimaeTCfl oti> F' TOJibRo rbMi>, mto u nepeMtneHO na 

u \ u^ Ha u^~\ no ceMy bi> pasJioaseHiH F' nepeiiiHHH u Ha 

u \ u' Ha u'~\ HOJiyqHMi paajionseHie F 

/2n-H\ 
/-oogn/ //fX/ 2(/^g) ^ 2, -(/-2g) 

yy n(2n+2/)n(/) u' [-,) COS % I sm % I u 

/S g:.o ■ ■ 2^/u(n4/)D(2n)n(/)n(g) n(/-g) 

yMH02KHUi> BejHMHHU F u F^ o^Hy Ha APYryio H co5e- 

/Mn 

peM! menu 3aRJiK)qaion^iH (1. OueBHAHO, mto 9TH ueRu 

nojyqHTCH, ecM RaRott HH6yAb ujieHi> nepBaro pHA^, sbrjio- 
4aK)iuifif-j , noMHOBHMii Ha ujieHi> Bxoparo pHAa saKJiio- 

/r \^-'f 
'latoiiyfl^-J, rA'b / MOBeT'b npHHHMaib Bct B03M0SHMfl 

Utjiufl B^JH^HHU oTi }[0 m. Ho ^JTeHii nepaaro pHAa? 
3aKJio»jaK)U^iit ( J , ecTb : 

ll(2n+2/)II(n) /r\/ '-/f n(/) :|/ / 

-^' - cos 1/, T sm Vo I u 

nci)Il(/— 1) /'^ ' 



fl( f ) 2(/-g) . 2g /--ig 1 

+ „, r.. ■ - COS ' •> I sm 'a I u I 

'IjeHb se 2-ro fnna «o cTeueubio m—f HSoSpasaeiCjB 






m _n(2n±2m-^)n(n)_ /r \ u'-Zf n(m-f) ^^'--./Ju 
^ ' 2'*- /)n(n+mV)n(2n)n(m^)\r7 lll(ojil(m -/) '> ^ 

+ n(i3n(i:if:3ir' V, i sm /, i u 

, n(m— f) »(m-/-k) -(m-a/-2k)l 

no oeMy, npoHSBeAenie hxi> CyAerb coctoatb usi pflAa qjeHOBi 
yMHOsaioiUHxcfl Ha cos V2[sm VsI^ta^ / mohctii npHHHHaTb 
B&b u/bAhLK 3HaqeHifl otii o ao m; qTo6u nojiyqiirb Bci 9th 
qjenu, HaAo6HO bbatb RaBoit HHSy^b ^Aem g+1 pflAa (A) n 
yMHo»HTb ea / — g+1 HAewb pafla (B) , r^t g KorAa, / < f, 

MOffieili npHBHHBTb BCt BOBMOlKfliafl 3HaqeHifl OTB AO ', eciH 

ate />/, Bct B03M0SHUfl SHaqoHifl orb o no /, b% cjAACTBie 

2(m— q » /- \m 

cero loeom^ieHTi npH cos Vi I sin Vj I ( - ) HsoOpaavrcH : 

\r / 

^N(>— g, g) U' u 

r^t N(/— g. g) =: 

n(2n+2/)n(n)'D(2n+2m— 2/) 

2«"Il(n+/)n(n+m /)n(2n)*n(g)n(/-g)n(/-g)n(m -/-/+g) 

3a£ci> / HysHO ABTb BC%. BOSMOSflUfl SHaqems OTb AO mi 
a n,M g Bct BOSHOSHUfl sHa^eHifl orb o ao /. OSoseaqafl 

^(f—g^ g) u'"-2/a-(">--«-2/-H«)=rM(m— 1,1) 

-an-fl /r X"* 2(in-l) SI 

SyAei'b (W)~2—=: -rM(m— /, /)( J cos \ I sin Va I 

TA'b A'liff in nyasHO HasnaqaTB Bci^ i^iua qncja otii o j(o <x>j 
a < Bc£ B03M0SHUfl i^tjnifl qncjia oti o ao m. 



/ \.^ '* t 



§ 3. 

-Jn+l 

B-b pasjoaeHiH BeJHiHHa (FFO"» yMHOKaeica he 

^ n(2n) /rV— v,Isin\I(u-lJ" 
2'"^(n)' \r'/ V 1^1 

no ceMy, mtoCu nocjt yMHoacHifl, BuniJiH 'iJieHU saKJioqaiomie 
MHOBirrejb 

I- \ m J(ni-ft W 

L J cos Vj I sin Vj I 
aa^oOno bt, paaJoateniH (FFO~'"» 'saaTb 'ijicht, saMioMaiomitt 

MHOSHXeJIb 

-J cos Vj I sin Vj I; 

HO Koe^HiyeHTL moro 'ueHa ecTb: 

M(m— n— /, l-w) — 
n(2n4-2/)n(n)Ml(2in— 2n--2/)^ u' u 



2' -. - ^^2 



2^"-*"ri(n +/)n(m n /)n(2n)'n(g)n(/- g)n(/ -n -g)n(m /-/+g-n) 



m 2tm-0 2^ 



no cejwy 'ijeHW aaMioqaiouua MHOKHTeJieMT>^-j cos sin S I 

r 
B'b paBJioffiCHiH ^ 6yAyTT>: 

2n 



ni 



f IV 



n(2n+2f )n(2m-2n -2/)u^ _ 1" l 

2*" ""n(n+/)n(m-n-/)»(2n)n(g)li(f-g)n(/-ii-g)U(m-/-n-f-|-g) 



FA* HHHKl JS' OTHOGHTCH TOJIbKO Kl Be^HMHIiaMI. / H g. Pa^^" 

/ 1 
iOSHMl) I U — - 

U- 



8 



. / /■ 



/,. ^V- ..'"-4- °(2n) „^" * n(2n) ;«-* -» 



I 



_n(2n) '-;. n(2n) "■-•' 

n(i)ii(2n— 1) n(3)a(2ii— 3) 



n(2n— l)fl(l) J 

a u^mienewb yMHOseHie, co6Hpafl vjieHu ci oAHHaEOBUMn 

n0l{«3aT0.IflMH U. OqeSHAHO, <1T0 H3H'&liflfl Wb liepBOHl HHUSH- 

TCJt / Hii (/— n), a g Ha g, ,g— 1, g- 2, g— n 



m—if — (m— l-J/+>»-i.4(!l 

2^'" -'"n{.^ )~n(m-f )Il(2n)n(gyn(/-n - g)n(/-'n-g)n(m-/-J +g) 
(T(f? /)n(2ni— 2/) u^ ^u 

2'"'-'"n(/)n(ni /)ii(2n)n(g-i)nf/-n-g+l)n(/-n-g+l)n(in / /+g 1 



ni 



-2y -(m 21 2r.|-4g 2n) 



Il(2f jll(2iu— 2/) jr u 

" 2-^'" ^"ll( / )ii(m_/ )ii(2n)n(g— n)n(f — g)n(/-g)n(m-/-/+g^^^^ 

KOTopwc Gyjiym yMHoaseHHwe na iiojio»HTe Ji>Hwe Menu pn^a (C) 
AHAyT'b M.ieHhi yMHo«aK)iniecfl Hau'™~^/ u ^'" 2/2/415). Q5()3Ha. 
Miia Koc'Minieiirb iipn u"" ^^ u"^™ '^'"'/+*^^ "iepe3T>6(f — g, g), 



e(/-g, g) = 

n(2/)n(2m— 2/) 



2»— »-n(/)n(in-/)n(2n)n(g)nc/-n-g)n(/ n-g)n(m-/-i-|-g) 

D(2/)n(2m-2/) 



■^2»— >'n(/)n(m^)n(g-i)n(/-n-g+i)n(/-n-g+i)n(m-f-/+g-i)n(4)nC'^»-*) 

, n(2/)n(2m— 2/) 

' 3j«-aDD(/)n(m-/)nfg-2)fl(/--n-g+2^niHn-g+2)n(m--<-/+g-2)n(8)U(i8n-8) 

+ 

. n(2/)n(2m— 2f) 

• 02m— : 



22m-2nn(/}n(m~/)ll(g-n)n(/-g)n(Hg^n(m-/-/+g-n)n(2n) 
m 3HaR'B ^ OTHOCHTCfl TOJlbBO Wb BeJHqHH^ D H AOJUSeHTi 

ouTb pacnpocTpaHeHi na Rct Tt BejH^UHU n, ROTopua AaH)!!! 
BejtraHHU Roe^HipeHTOB'L OTJinqnue otii eyja. 

noAoSHUMTi o6pa30Mi>^ nepeMl^HHfl wh nepaoMi MHOXHTejt 

/ Ha /— (n— 1); a g Ha g, g-- 1, g~2 g-(n— 1) 

M nojiyqeHHue MjeHU ymhoishb'b na oTpHUiaTejibHue qjienu pfi^a 
(C), nojiyiBMi weau BHp u'(°»-»/-2)u~^°""^/~^'+**^; o6o3Haqafl 
EoeoHipeHT'L npa hhxi qepeai H(/ — g, g), nojiy^HMTi: 

H(/-g, g) zz 

V. n(2/+2)n(2m— 2/-2) 



l'i*a-inn(/+i)n(m-/-l)U(g)ll(/-n-g+in(./-n-g)n(in-<-/+g-i)II(l)ll(2n-l) 



+;:. 



n(2^'+2)n(.2m— 2/-2) 



2Jm J»^(/+t}^^In-/-lJ^ g- l)n(/-n-g+2)na-n-g+l)n(in_i-/ 4 g-.',ll(3;n,2n-3) 

+ ■ 



+ 



n(2/-f 2)n(2m— 2/— 2) 



2»m-Jo^(/-fl)^(m-/-l)^(g-n+l)ll^/-g)n(/-g-l)^(m-7-/+g-n^^(l)^(2n-l) 



10 
rx'b 3Hain» S^ noAofieo DpeAi>HAynteMy, othochtca ro bc^mi 

Bej[H^HHaM% n , ROTOpUfl J^aiDT'L BejHqRHU ROe^HI^ieHTOBl OT- 

jHWUfl oTi Hyjifl. B'Jb cjt^cTBie cero Roe<»H^ieHrb npn 
f-j COS VjI sinVjI BTi paajioacHiH - Sy^eni: 

E(m-/, /) = -SG(/~g, g) u""-'/u-^"'-''-V+*«> 

_ ^H(/— g,g) u*"-'/-'u"^"-"-'/^*'^ 



TA^ SHaRi ^ pacnpocTpauHeTCfl ea bc£ i^twa sHaqemH / on 
Ao ni) u na Bcb BejiHqHHfa g on nyjifl ao l^ ecjH / < /. n 



Ha Bct BejH'iHHU g OTb AO /, ecjin / !>/ ; BCjiHUHHa »e 

H306pa3HTCfl : 

- /- \ m 2(m-0 2/ 

~ — 2^ m— /, f -J cos Va I sin V^ I 

taI^ 3HaR^ 2 pacnpocxpaHfleTCfl ea Bcik BCJiHqnHU m oTb o 
AO oo H Ha ^iit BHJHquHU / 0Ti> AO in- 



§ 4. 



BejiHUHHU Cr H H , onpcA^Jiaioii^iH Roe<z»HU.ieHTb npn 

p III *Mm-l) 11 |. 

- ] COS % I sin Vs I Bi pasjiomeHiH — , aobojilho cjioshu ; 
nocMoipHMb Hejib3fl JiH wvh iipeo6pa30RaTi> ii npewia- 

BHTb Bl> yAOOHOMTi ]i,M Bhl^HCJOHiH BHAI^. /I^Jfl C^FO BL nhi|i;i- 
HCeHiu HX'i> OTAl^JIHMh UaCTh He3aBlICUMyH) OTb IK oTh uaciii 

coAcpsau^eg n, TorAa iiojiyqnN'B : 



11 

6,'/- g, g) = 

n(2/)Il(2m— 2/) 



2'"'n(/)n(in-/)n(g)n(y g)ii(/- g)n(m-/-/ -f g) 

X yj rn(/-g)n(/- g) 

Mn(f - g-n)n(/-g- n)n(2n) 



+ 



2'"n(g)n(/-g)n(/-g)n(m-<-/+g) 



n(/-g-n+l)n(/-g-n+l)n(m-f-/+g-l)n(g-l)n(2)n(2n-2) 



2»»n(g)n(/- g)n(/-g)n(m - f-/+g) 

"^n(/ -ii-gH-2)n(g-2)n(/- n -g-f-2)n(m-/-/-f-g-2^n(4)n(2n. 4) 

-h • 

. _ 2»'n(g)n(m- l-£-\- g) I 
■^n(g _n)n(m-/ -/-f g - n)n(2n) ( 

H(/-g, g) = 

n(2/-|- 2)nc.im-2f-a) 



2'-'n(/+i)n(m-/-i)n(m-/-f4-g)n(/-g-i)n(/-g)n(g-fi) 



xS 



2'm(m-i /+g)n(/-g-i)n(/-g)n(g+i) 



n(/-g-n-|-l)IIi/-n-g)n(m-/-/+g--l)n(g)n(l)n(2n-l) 



■ a'-ndn-z-z+gWr -g-i)n(/-g)n(g-|-i) 

^n(g-l)n(m-/-^'+g-2]nf/-g-n+2)n(/-g-n+l)n(3)n(2n-3) 

+ 



. 2»-n( m-/-/-fg)n(g-fi) I 

"^Dfg-n Ijnm -Z-/+g-n)n{l)n(2n— 1) J 

CyNunpoBaHie ao^kho OuTb nposBeACHO oTHocHTejibHO n, 
Ha ocHOsaHiH CRasaHHaro 3% npeA'bHnyqeH'L uaparpa«^, a 
HueHHO : 



12 



^ f ' ^\.f 



BO BTOpOMl » OTl n~l flO D"/ - g+l 

Bi TpeTbOHi » OTT. iiii:2 AO n=/— gH-2 

H T. A. 

ecjH se / !> / cymrapoBaHie aojsho 6uTb npoiisBeAeHO : 

Bi nepBOHi qjieH^ otl n~o a© nz:/— g 

BO BTOpOHl » OTl n~l A® 0=/- g-|- 1 

H T. A- 

OpoHSBOAfl 9T0 cyHMnpoeaHie , h o6o3HaMafl: 



n(2f)n(2m-^2/) 



2»-'n(/)n(m-/)n (g)n(/-g)n(/- g)n(m -/-/ -i- g) 

3'-n(/-g)n(/-g) 



= K 



yj 2'°n(/ -g)n(/- 
^lno-g-n)n;/-g- 



n)n(2D) 



. 2"n(g)n(/- g)n(/-g )n(in-/-/-f g) 

■^n(/-g-n+r)n(/-g-nH-i)n(m-/-> +g- iTn(g-i)ii(2)ri(?n-*i) 

+ ' 

2"n{g)n(m-f— /+g) 



■ 2°n(g)n(m-f— >+g ) I - t 

^n(g-n)n(m-l-/+g-n)n(2n) ) 



n(2/H-2)n(2m--2/-2) _,j/ 

2*"'ni/H-i)n(m-/-l)n(m-/-/+g)n(/-g-i)n(/-g)n{g+i) 

y ) 2'-n(m-f /+g)n(^ - g - i)n(/-g)n^g + 1 ) 
^ln(/-g+i-ii)n(Mi-g)n(m-/-/-i-g i)n(g)n(i)n(2n-i) 

, 2'"n(m-/-/+g)n(/_- g3i)n(/-g)n(g-|-i) 

■^n(g-l)lI(m-/-/+g-2)n(/-g-n+2)n(/-g-n+l)I1^3;U^2u3i 

+ ' 

2»»n(m-/-/+g)nfg+i) 



-H 



n(g-n+l)n(m-/-/-|-g-n)II(l)lI(v>n-1 



13 



•-XV \^\ ■ 



BsAffiWb : 



T _ i_t_2''(/-g )(^-g) . y(/-g)(/-g-l)(/-g)(f-g-l) 
- -r -^2 -r J 2 3 ^ 

■_ nf-g)(/-g-i)(/-g- 2)ii-g){i- g-1) (/-g- 2) . 

^ 1.2.3.4.5.6 ^ 

_. 2'g(m-/-/+ g) . 2*g(m-f-/+g) (l-g) (/-g) 
^ 2 ^ 1.2. 1.2 

j_ 2'g(m-/-/+g) (/-g) (/-g) (i-g-1) (/-g-1) . 
^ 1.2 1.2.3.4 ^ 

■ 2*g(g-l) (m-/-/+g) (m-/-/+g-l) 
"^ 1.2.3.4 

■ 2'g(g- 1) (m-/-^+g) (m~/-/+g-l) (/-g) (f - g) 
^ 1.2.3.4 1.2 

_^ 2«g(g-1 Xm-/-/+g)(m-f-/+g-l) (/-g)(/-g-l)(/-g)(/-g-l ) 
^ 1.2.3.4 1.2.3.4 



T -fi . 2g(m- Hf+g) .j_ 2*(g)(g-l)(m-^-/+g)(m-/-/+g- 
~\ i. i 1.2 1.2 

4 2'g(g-l) (g-2) (m-/-/+g) (m-/-/+g -1) (m-/-/+ g- 
"^ 1.3.5 1.2.3 



-1) 



+ 



I i-L ^cf-gK^- g) _i_ n.f - g) f/-g - 1 )ii- g)f ^- g- ' ) 

I ^ 1. 1 ^ 1.3 1.2 

4. n/-g)(/-g-i) (/-g-^) (^ - g)(^-g-i) (^-g- ^) 

1.3.5 1.2.3 

+ 1 



14 



»y-vx' /• >■ v. 



no;^o6HUHT> oSpasoHX nojyqiiMii : 



T'^nm - /-^+g)(g+l)|l +^(E= Kf+g-l)g 

2»(m- / ■_^>g_i)(m_/-/+g— 2)g^g— 1) 
"*" 3.5 X.% 

_, 2'(m-^:^•+g-l) (m-/-/+g-'2 ) (m-f-/+g-3)g(g -l)(g-2} 
-, 375 7 12.3 

+ I 

\ ^ 3.1 ^ 3.5 1.2 

_i_ a'(/-g)(/-g-l)(/-g-^)(^-g-i)(^g-2)(^-g-3) 

"^ 3.5.7 1.2.3 



+ 



HHOSirreJIH, HSI ROTOpUXl COCTOATI BejHMHHU T H T', 

cyTb rnnepreoMeTpHvecKie psAU, BOTopuxi qersepTbift aieiieHn 
paBCH'L 1 ; cpaBHiiBafl hx'b ci oSnpiMi bhaohi HaxoAHHi : *) 

pfl 1-ro MHosareM KOJiHqecTBa T, KOTopufi oSosna^HMmepesi V 

«z: —(m— /— /+g), /S=: -g, y=Va, xz:l 
AJfl 2'ro HHOSHTeiH BOjraqecTBa T, KOTopufi o6o3Haqiuii uepesi W 

an -(/— g), /Sr:-(/-g), yziV,, x=l 
AJfl 1-ro HHOSHieifl sojiHiecTBa T', soTopufi o6o3HavHirb qepesi T' 

aZZ ~(m-/-/+g-l), (3- — g, y=%, x=l 

pH 2-ro HHOSHTejia EOJiuvecTBa T', KOiopufl oOoaHaiHMii qepesi W 

«= -(/-g-1), 0- -(/-g), y=%, x=l 



**) Comentationes societatifl Regiae Scientiarum Goettiagensis vol IT. 1813. § 24' 



15 



^•v ^ ^ • 



cymupya m ea ocuoBauiu «opiiyjiu Faycca *), uojiyqHMi: 
V- (-V0nCm-/- /+2g-V,) 

- n(m - Hf +g -- V, )n(g— V, ) 

™ _ D(- v,)n(f- g+f -g- V,) 

- n((_g-v,)n(/-g_Va) 

y/ _ n(v,)n(m-f-^+g+g— S ) 
-n(m-/-f+g— Va)n(g+v,) 

ur/- n( v»)n(^g-t/— g— V , ) 
-n(/-g-Va)n(/-g+V«) 

9TH BupaseHifl ea ocHOBaniH «opiiyjni : 

n(z-v,) = ^'''i-" rii^^ **) 

npeodpasyiDTCfl bi : 

y _ n(2m-2/- 2/+4g)n(m— Hf +g)n(gL _ 
n(m-/-^'+ag)IIC2m— 2/— 2/+2g) n(2g) 

w _ n(2^2/-4g)ii(f-g )n(/ _g) 
-n(i+/_2g)n(2/-2g) ii(2/-2g) 

y/- . n(2m— 2/-2/+4g) n(m— f-/+g)n(g+l) 
— n(m— /— f+2g)n(2m-2/ - 2/+2g)n(2g+2) 

™,_ 2 n(2f+2/— 4g)n (/— g)n(/ - g+i)^ 
n0-2g+/)n(2/— 2g)n(2/ -2g+2) 



*) Comentationes societatis Hegiae Scientiarum Goettingensis vol II. 1813. 
••) Taii«e § 29. 



16 



' y" \ / ..•xyX^ 



Ecjra oGosHaqHHi : 



(2z+l)(2z+3 )( 2z4-5) {2(z+z0— 1} _ ., ^0 

1.3.5 (2z'-l) - ^ ' ^ 

1:3.5 [2 (z +zO-l] _ . ^,. 

2.4:6...: 2z. 2.4.6 2z' *^^ ' '' 



TO 



« 

K=e(f-g, g). e(m-/-/+g, /-g) 
K'ir()(/-g, g+l)e(m-/-/+g, 1-g-i) 

H 

E(m-/, 0=1 

+-S9(in-/-/-g,/-g)p(/ -g.g)</-g,/-g)«(m-^/+g,g) ^-^-,/-u4.ir 

r^ib cyMHHpoBaHie OTHOCBreuHO / h g a^JIBHo 6BiTb npoHS- 
BeAeeo : 

Bil-Mi i4eH4oTi/~o ;^o/~m on. giro «o g~/ 
BO 2-MT. » oTi/~o flo /zrm— 2 oti g~o jtp g=/— 1 

§ 5. 

Bi iipeAtHAyu^HXi. naparpa«axi mm aaniJiH pasioseHie 

r 

- noAi tmnfiwb : 



11 

j= 2 I E(m-/, /) r-j cos V, I sin V, ll 
ecjiH Tenepb oCoBHawm 

TO OqeBHAHO 

D=:^E(m— i, cos Vi I sin % I 

m 

r^t cymoipoBaHie aoisho 6utb npoHSBOAeHo toju>eo othoch- 
TejbHO ly noACiaBJiflfl bi Bupaaeme 9to bh&cto £(m— /^ i) 
ero BeimERY^ HaxoAHMi: 



D=cos ^/aI-«gV2I[e(m•//+g,/•g)e(/-g,g)<^g,/-g)7r(mi/+g,g)_^ 

u I 

r;(i^ sHaRi cyMMU othochtca ri xpeHi BejorqHHaMi /, /, g. 
HaaoBCMi /— 2gzig' Torfla: 

lb 

Hdir&HflH / H g^, coSepoMi ^iieHii ci opHaEOBioiH noiasaTe* 
iflMH npH a u^ OtieBBpo, ecjni / bi nepBOMi mm% SyxerB 
OTiHvaTbCfl orB / BO BTopoMi ^tevA Ha — 1 ) g^ se b'B 
nepBOHi ueu^, ott> g^ bo BTopourb ujeo'b Ha+1, noRasaiejiH 
npH u u' 6yAyTb OAHHaEoaue ; oGodHaqaa RoeoHi^eHTi npn 

RaRoft HH5yAb CTeneHH u u' qepesi 

C(m-2/,-(m-2/-2g0) 

SyACTB: 



18 



C(m-2/,-(m-2/-2g')= 
:^cos Vjltg VJIP tg VJ Qtg VjJ 

TJSlb 3HaK^ JS* OTHOCHTCA TOILKO Kl OAHOft BeJIHqHHi^ g, H 

cyMMHpoBaHie ftpamo 6uTb npoHSBeAeHO b^ nepBOHi. qieet 

orb gZZO Jfp gZZf^ BO BTOpOMl WCHt OTL gZIO ^0 gZl/-l 

P iz p(m /-g-g',g+g')e(/-g,g)7t(g+g',f - g)n(m -/-g-g',g) 



\' 



Q = 

Bi ci^ACTBie cero 
Dr:^C(m-2/,-(m-2/-2g'J> ' u' 

■ 

Tf^ cyKHHpoBaHie aojukho 6uTb npoHSBeACHO on / = o xo 
/::z:m h otl g'zz—f ftp g'— m— /. TaKii KaKi BemwHa ^ 

A^^ttCTBHXeibHa H CI[MeTpHqHaOT^OCHTeJIbHOUU^ TO Heo6xoAHM0 

JIOISHO 6biTb: 

C(m, m') ~ C(-m,— m') 
C(m, m') =: C(m',m) 

Bi cjii^ACTBie cero wb A^ficTBHiejibHocTH cyMMHpoBaHie ffinm 
6uTb npoHSBeAeHO, ecjoi m qoTHoe : 

oTB /no HP f—^ H orb g'zro ao g'~m— 2/ 

eciH se m Heqernoe 
o«. /no Ao /n?^' H OTL g'no ao g'nm— 2/, 

qroCu nojyqHTb Bct ubeh pa3JiHqecTByM)ii](ie MesAy coSoio. 
BejmqHHU P h Q ue aaBHCflrb orb ajeMCHTOBi njiauen; 



noccMy 0H% Moryii 6uTb pasi Ha BcerAa Buwcjenu. TaH - 
zewb h'b cBoeMi co^HHeHiu: EntwickeluDg der negativen und 
UDgraden Potenzen etc Aan aejui^HHy hx% bi oTA^jibHofi xa- 
6mulk no I1IZ20 BKJiH)«iiiTeJbHo. YnoTpeSjieflie BTofi xaSjoii^u 
j^M BmHCJieHifl C vpesBuqattao npocxo, a HMeHHO : BunncaB'L 
Ha HHSHeHi BOHi^ib OTA^jibHoti 6yMajRSH jiorapHOMU l^tg^Vi I? 
k*%h tg^ViI (saBitTHM'b, MTO qjieHU sauioHaiojqifl tg bi 
cTeneHHX'b HeBpaxHiiix'b aoixhu 6uxb bsaxu oo SHaKOMi mh- 
HycoH^) , npinsjaxuBaev'b ee ki lorapHOMaMb P h Q noMt- 
iMeHHuirbf Bi xaGui^'b, BSflBb cyMMy JiorapHemoBi cxohii^hxi 
oAHHi noA'B ApyrHNi HaxoAHM^ qHCja hmii cooxBftxcxByiojqifl 
H3b jiorapHeiuiqecKiixi xaSim^^. 

§ 6. 

Bbipasenifl D. saBJioqaioxii Bejumunu u, u^, Boxopua He 
Aaioxcfl HeH0cpeAcxB6HH0 , noceiiy hbaoGho BaM'&HHXb hxi Apy- 
THRH. 'J[^M cero, HaaoBeMi ? HCXHHHyio aHOMaiiio njianexu, qe 
pe3i n AOJETOxy ea nepHrejiifl, xorAa : 

Uz:v+n U'ziv'+n' 

BT> cji^ACTBie cero 6yAexi uzic u'— c 

i}f!k c ocHOBame nenepoBUXb jorapHeHOB'b, noACxaajiflfl sxh ae- 

uqHHU Bi BupaaRCHie: 

D.i=-rC(m- 2/ — (m- 2/— 2g')u-Vu'-(°»-2/-2go 

R oSosHaqaa c z: x c =: x 
nojyqHMb 
D.-:s:C(m-2/.(m-2/.2g)7''^ 1["'''^]?^^^ 

+\r 1 sio[(n -2/)ll ~(n - 2/.2g0n'l} 
BasnaqHifb : 



^0 



A(n,— n)=C(n,— n)cos(nn — nil') 

A(n — (n-2))=C(n,-(n - 2))cos(nn— (n-2)n') 

A(n,— (n— 4))=C(n-(n— 4) cos{nn -- (n— 4)n') 

A(n - 2, - ii)=:C(n — 2— n)cos[(ii— 2)n— uH'] 

A(n— 2,- (n-2)=C(n-2 — (n- 2))cos[(n— 2)0— nfl'] 

etc. 

B(n,— n)z:C(n,— n)sin(nn- . nfl') 
B(n,-(n— 2))=:C(n, -{n -2);sin(nn— (n— 2)n') 
B(n— (n-4))=iC(n— (n ^4);8in(nn-(n - 4)0') 
B(n— 2,-ii)=C(n-2,-n)sin[(n-2)n-nn'] 

B(n - 2 — (n-2))— C(n— 2-(a— 2))siD[(n-2)n— (n-2)n'] 



TO 



D.=^(A(k, kOx" x'-^+v^— 1 .2B(k, kOx" x'-" 

Tffi cyMHHpoBaHie HaAoSeo naqaib oti k =r n n npo^ojisaTb 
ffl tkHi nopi noea o6a noRasaieifl .ne nepeHi^HTi snaKOBi, 
noTOMy qio 

A(— k-k') z: A(k, k') B(-k-k')i= — B(k, k') 
OnpeAtjiHB'B pasjiH^HKifl BeJra^HHU Dj, hu npeACiaBHirB j mKh 

BHAOMl 

R o6o3Haqafl : 

D.2m'.206265"(-3"^^. 

2 C[m-2/,(-m-2/-2g0]m'. 206265«f^ ri|r[m-2/,-(m-2/-2g')] 



2in'206265" 



/ ^ 

a 
a'J 



n+l 2n 

COS Val=y. 



21 



X V^ '^ >^^X V 



nu BuwcjieHui J^ cjrysaxii cj^Ayiuifl «opMyj[u 

r[m-2/,-(m-2/-2g0]=y.tg %I-2'(Ptg'/,I-(itg V.l) 

A(n,— n)=:r(n, — n)cos(nn— nOO 

A(n,— (n-2)=r(n,— (n— 2)cos(nn— Cn'— 2n') 

B(n— n)=:r(n,— iOsm(nn— n'H') 
B(n, -(n— 2)=:r(n,— (n - 2)sm(on- (n— 2n)') 

H T. A. 

m-2/ -(m-2/-3g0 

J.=:^TA(m-2/,-(m— 2/-2g]x x' 

' m-2/ (m— 2/-?g') 

+l/~-l.rB(m-2/-(m— 2/-2g)x x' 
2am'__^. /r\"/a'\'"+^ 



§7. 



BH^HCJieHie Be.inqHH'B A h B, cl RaBOio 6u Tii^aiejib'- 
flocTbH) MU ero He npoH3BOAHJUi ^ HOseTT> 6biTb noABepseHO 
omii6KairL, noceiiy neoSxoAHMO HMi^Tb BBBoe HHSy^b cpeACTBO, 
nocpeACTBOMii Boxoparo mu mofjih 6iiI yAOCTOBtpuxbCH B'b 
BtpHocTH nojiyseHHMX'b peaytibTaTOBi.. CaMoe Jiyqmee ;^JIH cero 
cpe,?(CTBO cocTOHTb B'b HaxosAeHiH jffiY^ofi ^opiiu pfl pasjo- 
seHifl^ H B'b HOBOMi BU^iHCJieHiii upemjffi nojiy^ieHHuxi 
pedyjibTBTOBi. SattMeMCfl buboaohii hoboB oopMU ][m pasjio- 
aeHia ^. 

■ 

HadOBem: cos I sin U = cos B sin L 

cos U z: cos B CO L 
sin I sin U = sin B 

TO 

"^Y— 1+^- — 2-cosBcos(v'+n'-L)= 



('-^^')(*-p^K 






22 



<\^\^\^\ .^-X^N/ 



^;^t cos B — g ; sin Bzih ; 2 cos(v'+n' - L)z:y+- 



r _, 



pa3jarafl no Shhomv h o6o3Baqafl 1 — -gyziG 1— -— =6, 

r' r'gr 

nojiyqHM'L : 



'gy' 



-2u+l 



BejHqHHH 6,6' cxoahu ci BejHqHHaMH F F' § 2, noceiiy na- 
nHineMi sa ocHOBaeiH tbitb HSJioseHHaro 



6 



-2n+l 



2 — 



I'J 



•n_n(2u-f-2m)n(u) 

2«-n(uH-m)n(2u)n(m) 



(?y)' 



-2n+l 



/_ \ 



ir'J 



tl(2tt+2it*)n(u) 

2vn(u+/*)n(2u)no») 



{&)-^ 



yMHonafl sth BupaseHia h coSepaa qjeau ci OAHaaROBUMH 



r 

Ir'J 



,npHT0Mx o6o3Haqafl (6G)~t = -SH, 



1^ 



cienenflMH 

n = m+iii, naxopHii na ocnoBaniH cRc'sannaro b'b § 2, 



FA* 



Vl-2 L(n, i«)y 



w . _ n(2M+2a— 2/i)n(2a+2|u)n (u)' gn-V 

I ^f*) — 2'"n,n+u-tt)n(u+i«)natt-jt*/ii(if*)[n(2u)']2 

IIoACTaBjiflfl Bi Bupaaceuie Ha- ii co6Hpafl qjeau ci nosaaaxe- 



jeHi 



r'J 



r' 



, oieBHflHO^ OyaeTL BH^a : 



'■=1' M.r-,1' 



23 



nzroo n—ift 

M. ~S N(n, fi)7 



Hk onpeA^jemii N(ii, /u), cA^aeHi he caMOMi x&ti 
no;(CTaHOBsy : to o^eBHAHO 



n — ■ 



f«=n -u n(2u) h^' , ""V 

cpaBHHBafl 9T0 BupaaeHie ci npexiHAyn^MMi h noxoraBJflfl na 
MtcTO L(n — u, ju— a) ero BejravHBy, aaxoAHHi; 

Nin, !») = 

»£'« « n-^/* n(2n+2u- 2/ *)n(2u)h*' 

— ^C-l) R h g 

a=:o a 

HO Mu HasHawjDi : 

yncosCv'+n'-D+V^— 1 sin(v'+U'-L) 

2 CO v'zix'+ji 
noAGTauflfl, nojy^HMii : 

M. =:!r N(n,-iiincos(v'+n'— L)+v^~ 1 sin(v'+n'-D} 
=^Ntn,-iii)x' '*{cos[(n-2/i)(n'-L)]+l/^l sin[(n-2iii)(n'.L]} 

flZlO 



24 



HiH o5o3Haqafl 



N(n,-itt)cos(n— 2|i)(n'— L) — ?(n,(t) 
N(n,— iu)sm(n-2itt)(n'-L) = Q(n^) 

HaxopMi : 

fi~n n—i/i pi—n (n— 2fi) 

M, zr^ P(n.^)x' +1/ - 1 -^ Q(n, ju) x' 
TaKi KdRi M. AOJififio 6uTb xtftcTBHrejibHoe , to HeoGioj^no 

A0JL2RH0 6UTB : 

» 

P(n, n— /*) — P(n, ^) 
Q(D, n— /i) =: -(i(n, /») 

Bi cj^ACTBie cero cymoipoBaHie OTHOcniejibHO ft ao'sho 6uti 
npoHSBCAeHO orb 



ji*r:o flo /t==r» "™ i»=- 



B— 1 



cMOTpfl noTOMy 6yAeTi n n neTHoe hjih He^exHoe. 
OnpeAtjfHB'L pasjioseHie^ noA'B APyrnMi> bhaomb, a HMeHflo 



^ = 5."-lF'J alt) 



^ nzzo 



jerEO ynoTpe6HTb ero, HJLa noBi^psH BuwcjieHifl. ^ja cero bo3- 
MeHi KBRoe HH6yAb qacTHoe SHa^enie v, a hmchho y zi o h 
BUMHCJiiiHi 6 H L no ^opMyjiaMi* 

CO I sin nzig sin L 

cos n— g CO L 

sin I sin ni= h 



25 



P<V)ziN(n,ft)cos[n— 2^(L— H')] 
Q(n,m)z:N(n.M)sm[(n— V)(L - n')] 

* — (n— 2^) — (n— a^i) 



^*= ^«-(ir(7T" 



CpaBHuafl BearaiiHii M., laiAeHHiifl no npeAuxyiipMi 
oopiiyjiaM'b, CB BejfflqiraaMH /i. § 6; mu ao<ishu nojyuHib co- 
rjiacie pesyjibTaTOBii. Ho eejHqiiBU M. Sujih Buwcjenu bi 
npeflnojoaeHiH vzio, mo cooTB^TCTByeii xizl; no ceMy npa- 
BHJio A^H cpaBHeniH Bejmqnn'L M. h Jj, coctoht'l bi cjii&AyK)nteM'L; 
Bi Bupaseniflxii Bas^^o ^n^ cyMMa Bcibxi A, ROTopuxi BTopoft 
apryueHTb oahhi h TOTi-ae no BejLHqnH'6, AOJsna 6uTb paBna 
P(b^) ; cyMMa me EoeoiiqieHTOKb fi , lOTopuxi Biopoit apry- 

HeHTb no BOJOraHHt OAHHl H TOTl SO, AOJISHB 6UTb paBHB 

Roe^HipeHTy Q, npn dxoHii naAoOno o6pani[aTb BHHMame na 
ypaBHenifl 

A(n,+n)=i A(-n,-n) B(n,+n)iz -B(-n,— n) 

ROTopbifl fi,M vno oSpaqaDTCfl 

A(o, n)=:A(+o,^ n) B(o, d)+ « B(o,- n) 

Ha ocHOBaHifl nsjioseHHaro npaBHjra Moryxii SuTb noBl^- 
penu Bct BoeoHiyeHTU 3a ncEJio^eHieMii Boeoni^eHTOBx 6(2. o), 

B(4.0).... HO MHCJfO HXl AOBOJIbHO HOdHaqHTeJIbHOe, MOSHO CJtb- 

A0BaTej[bHO nxi nepeqncJHTb ABa paaa. Bx MoeMi BU^HCjeHin 



26 

nepTyp6aiuH H)hohu npoHcxoAfljqeft on j^ftcTBifl ea nee nia- 
Hexu CaxypHa, a ynoipeSHii axy noBlpity, h Be^jifi Hamen 
nojLHoe corjacie peayuiaTOBi. 

HUfl Ha paajiH^Hua CTonenH x^ npn tohi cxeneHB jf Bcer^a 
MeHbme no Bpafineft Mipib eAHHEm^eio cxenenH-, ho oGpaqafl 

BHHuaHie Ha snaEi. Bejrn^HHU bxh TaHaeH'B nepoMtHflexi ei 

Apyrie, BI lOXOpUXl BMtCXO MHHMOtt BOJORHHU, COOXBiXCXBy- 
K>Il(6it HCXHHHOft BHOMailH, BXOpTb BOlHTOHa MHHMaH COOXBiT- 

cxByioqafl cpeAHOft aHOMajOH. JI^u cero TaHseH'L vh cbocmi 
coqEHOHiH : Entwickelung des Products dner Potenz des Radius 
vectors etc npeAJioaRHi'B pasjinqHue cnocoSu, a SA'bcb Hsiosy 
xOdibKO xoxi, Roxoputt fl ynoxpoojiflJL'b B:b xocm'b BuwdfeaiH. 

Ilycxb jLi Syxexii cpepafl anoMaiifl c =z, xo npoHSBCxeHie 



£) 



n m 
X 



Mosflo Bcer^a npeACxaBHXB noAi bhaomi: 

'«i\a m «.■ n.a ■•b b.b ■.■ 

- X := X + X. z + X z» + X z' + X z' 



u 



i 

+ X z-'+ X z-» + + X z 

—1 —2 -i 



-I 



JI^JH onpeA'bJiemfl Koe«Hi](ieHxoB'B noMHosHMi> o6i men 
Ha z'^dz h SyAOMi HHxerpHpoBaxL mcsaY npoA'bJaMH 
cue xor^a lOJiyqaMii: 



27 



((lVi" z 'dzzi Jx" ■ a % + fi[| 2'+'dz + 

—«yz\ —nyzi —nyzi 



f 



X""z'''''dz 
—nyzi 



OqeBHABO ecjH Aia q BosufeHi ~(i+l), Bcib uchbi BTopoft 

X z'^+'dz oSpaiHTCfl Kb Hyib, bi 
cji^ACTBie cero noiyqiMi: 



f/LVx-z-'-Mz ir (X'" dzzz 2 nv^— 1 X'- 

e e 

OTKjAa HaxoAHMi 

flV X- z-'-'dz (I) 

' - —ny-i 

c 

HO ecjm e HasoBevL asi^eHTpHqecsyK) aHOHajdio h c ny, to 
cBfl3b MesAT f) X) \ y Bupasaeicfl cjii^A7^iipiMH ypaBHeHiHMH*) 

r a -I 

-— l-ecos« — cosV29:(l— /Sy)(l— /Jy) ^;^t /9ii:tgV2<p 
a 

tsVaV =Z /Jl? tgV2«,HmBUpaHaflBTiMHIIBIHXl.BeMqHHaX'B 

,-, Y(1-<3Y -^) 
jiizie— e sine; zziyc ^^ ^ "^ 



*) Gams Theoria motuus corporom ceelestium § 8. 



28 



AH««epei(ippyfl aio noci^Kiee ypaBHeaie, HaxoAHHi: 

-izcosVa 9 ^1-/Jy)(l-^') rfl* siD yzie 
z y 

noACiaBiHfl HafiAOHBUfl BeJHqHsu bi ypaBHeHie (I) noiyqiwi 

••- <•/»«»/ mT "»-*-• n-m+1 n+m+ 1 i co8V,»/?(y y) 

^ =S/^Jy a-/»y)(i-/jy-o c dy 

e 
9 

o6o3Haqaa i cosV,9=:v HaxoAHHi: 

(n-m+1) (n-m) (n— m+l)(n— m)(n- m-l) 

1.2 py -t- 1.2.3 ' py +•• 



^ (n-ia+l)(n— ID) (n-m-p+ 2) 1 



[i+ 'ftr+f/'y' + j£jPr 1 



HaaoBewB 



n-m n— m-i-l 
p — ! — — V 



"-^ (n— m+l)(n— m) (n— m+l)v v' 
^» — 1.2 "" 1 r-j;^ 

p"-^ (n— m-|-l)(n— m)(n— m— 1) (n-m+l)(n m) 
'^»— 1.2 3 "" 1.2 " 

(n — m+l) v' _v^^ 
"^ i i:2~T2.3 



2d 



^^ V'X.'V^ 



p""— (n— ia+l)(n— m) ........ (n— m— -p^-^) 

' — 1.2.3.P 



• 



(n— m+1) (n— m) (n-m— p+3) 

" T^.TZ::. (p-1) * 

(n— m-i-l)(B— m) (n— m— p-|-4) v^ 

^ 1.2.3 .... (p— 2) 1.2 

■ (n— m+1) yP-' yP 

— 1 1.2.3(p-l)"*"1.2.3.p 



TO 



n— m+1 9py p:r» p n— m p p 

(l-/5y) c z:^-l) P ^y. 

p=o p 

Uojif^ttawb oSpasoHi, o6o3Ha<iafl: 

n+n>nH-m+l , 

Qz: -. \-v 

n+m(ii^ni+l((n+m) , (n+m+1) , v» 

^2-~~i.2 + i " +1:2 

°-H;; Kii+m+l)(n4-m).. .(n+m— q+2) 
^,- 1.2.2 q 

, (n-fm-i-l)(n+m).. .(nH-m— q+ S) v_ 
+ 1.2.3 (q-1) 1 

(D+m-i-l)(n+m)..-(n-f m— qH- 4) v 
"*~ 1.2.3...(q-2) 1.2 

(n+m+1 ) yi-^ »q 

+ 1 1.2.3 (q-l)+1.2.3. q 

HaftACHi 

n+m+1 —1 qn* q m+n q — q 

(1— jSy) c— /»yzr -T (~1) Q |3 y 

q=o q 



30 



noACTasjiflfl, noiymtMi 

2(n+l) 
n.m ^g l/./«iP=* pf n-m p n-m p+2 m+o 



^P (-1) P /3+P ^ Q 

— 1 lp=o •• p p+1 1 






n— m n-t-m p-t-4 -■ /»e 

+ P Q /J + I lyn-i+p-^dy 

I)-h2 2 J •/ . 



c 



qzioD qr n+m q n-f-m n—m ( 

+Jf(-1) Q /J + Q P ^ 

q=:l ■• q Q+l 1 



n+m n— m q-f4 1 /•« 

+Q P |3 1 |ym-i+q-ldy 

4+2 2 *' .^ 1 

— fff^ — 1 



-I 



HO ecjiH i— m Bejorama nojiosHxeibHa hjh Eja 

ym-i+p-1 dy-Q 

— ff/^- 1 

e 

AJfl Bctoi sna^eHie p oTJiHqHUX'L oti i— m, pn pzii— m 

yxn-i+p-i (lyz:27iv/"— 1 
— ^y"— 1 

c 

yxn-i-q-1 dyzro 

Aifl BC^xi asa^emft q, no cevy: 

ecjH i— m nojiosHTOibHoe ui nyib 

!Lm i— m 2(n-f 1)|V) n— m i— m n— m i— m+2 n+m 

X = (-1) COS ^ (P /5 +P ^ Q 

i ^ i-m i-m+2 t 

n— m n+m i— ni+4 

+ P Q /J -h ) 

i— m+4 2 



C 



31 



eciH se m — i nojiosoreiLuoe hjih Hyjb, to 



/5 



ym~i+p— 1 dymo 



e 



AJfl BC&x'B 3HaqeHiit p. 



f' 



« 

ym-I-q-l dy— 



O 



Aifl BC&xi 3HaqeHiit q ounqHiai'L orB m— i, ni& m — ^i 






yxn-i-q.^l (jjy— 27rV^— 1, 

— Try— 1 



no ceMy ecM m— i nojiosHTejibHoe hih Hyjb 

nm m— i 2(n+l) -- m+n m— i 

X =:(-!) cos % 9|Q fi + 

i I m-i 



m+n m— n m— i+3 m+n m-n m— i+4 1 

Q P /3 + Q P ^ I 

m-i+l 1 m-i-{-2 2 -■ 

n.]n 

OicioAa BBAHO , qio pfl onpeA^JieHifl Xi , h6o6ioarmo cuep- 
Ba BtjqHCJQitb BeiHquHBi P r Q; ho ^opiiyjiu pa onpext* 
jienifl Hxii AOBOJbHO cjoshu, no ceiiy nocxapaeMCH BUBecra 
Apyrifl. Hsi Bupaseaia AaHHUXi* na P h Q naxoAHirb Baana- 
qaa Ha m BejiRqeny n+1 h miz — (n+1) 



3S 



-1 -1 

Pa _ j-^ Q, ^ J 2 

-1 yS -1 y3 



Ps = T^„ 03 = 



1.2.3 "" 1.2.3 



HO MU HasHaqiUH: 



fflj m— n > 1 p n— m p p 

6 (1 — /5y) zi Z (-1) P /J y 

p 

— r/Jy m+n+l p m+n q — q 

yMHoaarfB nepBoe paeeHCTBo na I— /5y, BTopoe Ha 1 -/Jy"* 
noiyqHMi : 

tfij m— n+2 p n— m p p 

e (1 - ^y) - 2{-i) P fij (1— /Sy) - 



p p p n— m n— m 

-S(- 1) ^ y (P 4-P ) 

p p-« 

— r/Jy m— n+2 q q — q m4-n m+n 

e {1-fir') = -2:(-l) /Sy (Q + Q ) 

q q— 1 

HO no HameMy SHaEonoioseHiH) 

vfiy m— n+2 p n— m+1 p p 

e (1 - /Jy) = -^(-1) P /S y 

p 

— ^/?y m+n+2 q m+n+l q — q 

e (l-ziy-^) - :s{-\) Q ^ y 

q 

epasHHsafl, nojtyqHMi» 

H— ih-f-l n— m n— m m+n+1 m+n m-fn 

tnP+P Q =Q + Q 

p p 4 q q 



33 



^X •' ^ •"N ^ ^ •^ 



iiaBafl m paaJH^Hua SKaneHifl, HaitAeMi> : 



-2 -1 

PzzP - 1 
1 1 

-2 -1 —2 

PllP- P 

2 2 I 

-2 -1 —2 

PnP -P 

3 3 2 



—3 —2 

P IZP —1 

1 I 

—3 -2 ~3 

P I=P-P 

2 2 1 

-3 -2 -3 

P I=P -P 

3 3 2 



-1 

P ZIP +1 

1 1 



1 
1 1 



O o 



-1-11 

P =P +P P=P+P 



1 



-1 -I 



! 







P =P +P PUP+P 

3 3 2 3 3 2 



etc 



-2 

Q: 

1 

-2 

Q: 

2 



-1 

1 



-3 

Q 

1 



2 



1 Q izQ - I Q 



1 



_2 —2 -3 

:Q -Q Q 

2 12 

etc 







2 3 

=Q -Q Q 

2 I 



2 



etc 



1 

~ 1 - 1 
=Q +Q 

2 1 

etc 



1 

1 1 

loo 

Q=Q+Q 

2 2 1 

etc 



rasHMi oSpaaoMi) BuuiK^^ieiiie padJiuMUbix^ Ft u Qi npiiBeAeiio 
Bi) onpcA^JieHiK) BejiHMHH^ Pf' ii Qr\ 



§ 9. 
BejiH^HHU X"*", BUVHCJieHHUfl no npeAi>HAyii<efi oopHyjift, 

AOJSHbi 6uTb noBi^peHU. diy noBi^pKy mu cA'bJiaeMii cjibAy^i)- 
Hu HasBaiH 



ry \n-2 m 



n - 2. m 



HO 



r CO 9 2cos*y 



n-2,ra 


r 1 


n t 


fa 1 


ni 


1 


ai 




r 


X ZI 



r |n 1 "|2+siiiy(x+x~^)] 
aj ^ ~2cos2y" 



MH yHmTOAaH snaMeHarejefl , bbo^h bm^cto - 



r \n 1 m 



34 



It 
a, 



n 1 m-f-l (f \ 



aj 



n 1 lu- 1 

X Hx^ BejiHquHu , h cpaBHHBafl Roe«H 



i^ieHTM npu opHaBOBUx^b CTeuemx'b z, nojiyMHMi ypaBHeHie: 

n — 1, ni-t-l n— t,m--l n— l,m n-2,ni 

siu(/X - + sin^X +2X - 2cosVX z:o 

i i i i 

KOTopoe » ynoTpeOnJiT) pH noBtpRH BuqHCJieHHUXi BeaHmiHi 



n.m 



X. 



§ 10. 



n,m 



OnpeAtJIUB'b BCJUIWHU Xi H UOB'bpHB'B WCJieHHUfl HIb 

3iia>ieHi», HaAo6HO hxi> BBecrii b^ Bhipaasenie 

n-2/ -(n-2/-2g') 

FAt ^„=:^^A(ii-2/-(n— 2/-2g')x x' 

n-2/ -(n-2/ 2g') 

+1/-1 :^B(n-2/-(n-2/-2g')x X' 

4 Toou ABCTBeHHi^e noBa3ait> o6pa30BaHie qjienoBi no 

BCTaBK']^ Xr '*", B03MeHi» RaBoe HHSyAb SHaqeme J^ nnp. -^i; 

AaBHH f u g^ BeAHqnHU no npaBHJiaM'b yBasaHHEiiTL bi>§ 6, 
iiax(»A^tM'k : 



J,- A(4,- 4)x X' +A(4,-2)x x +A(4,0)x x' +A{4,2)x i 

4 4 2 —4 2 —2 2 

+ A(4 4)x x'+A(2 — 4)x x'+A(2,-2)x x'+A{2,0)x x' 

2 2 2 4 0-4 

+ A(2,2)x x' +A(2,4)x x'+A(0, 4)x x' +A(0— 2)x x' 
+ A(0,0)x X' +A(0,2)x X' +A(0,4)x x'+A(2,+4Jx x' 

—2 -> -2 -2 2 -2 4 

+A(-i,-f-2)x X' +A(2,-0)xx'H-A(2— 2)x x'+A(2— 4)x i' 
+A(4,-f-4)x x'+A(4,+'i)x" x^ + A(4,0)x x'+A(4— 2)xx' 



^5 



■"\ •■ \ ^ 



+A(4,-4)x x'-|-^^i]b(4,— 4)x x'+B(4,-2)x x'+B(4,0)xx' 

2 3 4 i 2—4 i -i 

+B(4,2)x x"+B(4,4)x x'+B(2,-4)x x'+B(2,— 2)x x' 

2 2 3 2 4 0-4 

+ B(2,0)x x'+B(2,2)x x'+B(2,4)x x'+B(0, -4)x x' 

0-2 ? 4 —2 -4 

+B(0,-2)x X' + B(0,2)x X'+B(0,4)x X' -[B(2,4)x X' 

2 2 - 2 2 2 2 I 

+ B{2,2)x X'+B(2,0)X X'+B(2, 2)x X' +B(2,— 4)x x'] 

_4 —4 -4 2 -4—0 - 4 2 

- [B(4,4)x X' +B(4,2)x x'H-B(4,0)x x' +B(4,— 2)x x' 
+ B{4,-4)x*x^[ 



yMHosafl Hav-Mw^ 1 noncrarau sutcTo \—Jx h t. a. 

a r 1 

Hxi BMHqHHU, nojiyvHHi MJieMU, 3aKjio(iaH)uue(- J, pasjHqBUfl 
CTeneen x u paajiHqHUfl cieueHH z. OOoBHaqiiML A'^ttciBHTejib- 

HueqjieHiii ^epesTi E, HanncaBi CBepxy nosasaTejiH -ii x, aa^ 

a 

HH3f noRaaaTejib z, HHHMue se repeal F, Tor^a nojiywM'b : 

rf ^4 4r 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 ~ 1 

^ =UJ X (E + l/=l F )z +{E + IA=1 F )z 

4 « • ■• 0-1 -1 

4.4 4.4 2 



•1.4 4.4 - » 1 

+ (E +1/^1 F )z 

-l 2 J 



/r \4 21" 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 — t 

+U I x|(E + |/^" IF )z +(E - [/-il F) z 

* ■- -I -1 

4.2 4.2 2 



+ (E + I/"-:-! F )z + 1 

— 2 - 'Z J 



36 



(r ^* "r '•■0 '••O 4.0 4.0 

-f-(- J X (E +I/-1) P )£+ (E H-K^F ) 



4.0 —I 

z 



4.0 4.U '-d 1 

+ (E +|/^F )z 

_Q _9 J 



—2 -2 

/r V ~'^f *-2 '••-^ 4.-2 4,-2 —I 

+1-) X (E+I/-1F )z +(E+1/^1F )z 

<* ■- 0—1 -1 



4.-2 4.-2 -2 



+ (E+l/^lF)z 1 

/p \l 4r 4.-4 4.-4 4.-— 4 4.-4 —1 

+(- ) xl{E +|/^1F )z + (E+l^:^! F )z 

« *- -I —1 



4.-4 4.-4 -2 



+ (E+|/=:iF)z 1 

-2-1 J 



4.4 5-4 —5—2 —5.0 -5.2 

rflt Ez:A(4 — 4)X+A(4,— 2)X+A{4,0)X+A(4,2)X 

0.0 00 



+ A(4,4)X '■' 


4.4 .'i-4 -5-^2 -5.0 -5.2 

F=B(4,--4)X +B(4,— 2)X +B(4,0)X -f B(4,2)X 



+ B(4,4)X~" 





4.2 5. 4 —5—2 —5.0 —5.2 

E=A(2,~4)X +A(2,-2)X + A(2,0)X + A(2,2)X 

U 



+ A(2,4)X '■' 


4 2 —5 — 4 -5-2 —5.0 -5.2 

F=li(2,--4)X +B(2,--2)X H-B(2,0)X + B(2,2)X 



+ B(2,4)X'''' 





37 



4.0 



—5-4 



-J -2 



-5.0 



-5.2 



Ez:A(0,— 4)X ^A(0,--2)X + A(0,0)X + A(0,2)X 



■f A(0,4)X'* 


->5-.2 -5.0 —5.2 

■2)X + B(0,0)X + B(0,2)X 





10 



5-4 



F =:B(0,-4)X + 8(0,. 





+B(0,4)X -0 





4-2 4,3 

E = B 


4-i 4.2 

F z: -F 











4-4 4.4 

Ez: E 

1) o 

4~l 4.4 

F = -F 



4.4 



-5—4 



—5—2 



—5.0 



-5.2 



E=A(4,-4)X +A(4,-^2)X + A(4,0)X +A(4,2)X 
-1 —1 - 1 -I —I 



+ A (4,4)x'** 
—1 



4.4 —5-4 —5 --2 —6.0 —5.2 

F =:B(4 ~4)X +B(4,^2)X + B(4,0)X +B(4,2)X 

-1 -1 



-1 



— 1 



-1 



-6.4 



+ B(4,4)X 
—I 



4.2 



5-4 



-5-2 



—5.0 



-5.2 



E =A(2, -4)X +A(2.^2)X +A(2,0)X +A{2,2)X 
-I -1 —1 -1 ~i 



-5.4 



+A(2,4) X 



38 



\^\y\y /^- 



4.0 -5-4 —5-8 —5.0 —5 J 

E =A(0,-4)X +A(0,-2)X -f A(0.0)X +A(0,2)X 
1 -I -1 —1 —1 

+ A(0,4)X''' 

i-% ^5 4 -5-2 -5.0 —5.2 

E - A(2,4)X + A(a,2)X +A(2,0)X +A(2,— 2)X 
I -I ^\ -I —1 

+ A(2,-4Jx'' 

4-4 -5-4 -5-2 —5.0 -5.2 

E = A(4,4)X + A(4,2)X +A(4,0)X +'A(4,-2)X 
1 —1 -1 —1 — t 

+A(4,-4)"x' 

4.2 -5—4 —5-2 -5.0 — 5J 

F =B(2,-4)X + B(2,-2)X +B(2,0)X + B(2,2)X 

I - I \ - 1 —1 

+ B(2 -4)X'' 

-1 

4.0 --5-4 —5—2 -5 -5 2 

F z: (0,— 4)X + B(0,-2)X + B(0.0)X + B(0,2)X 
1 \ -1 -I -1 

+ B(0,4)? 

4 2 -5*^4 —5-2 5 2 —5.0 

Fr: -- [Br2,4)X +B(2,2)X -f B(2,0)X +B 2 — 2)X 
-^1 "i —1 —I - 1 

+B{2,-4jX 1 



-1 



4 -4 -5—4 —5-2 —5.0 -.V2 

F - [B(4 4)X +8(4,2 X +B(4,0)X 4-8(4,- 2)X 

I -I -1 —I -I 

+B(4,--4)X ] H T. A- 

-I 



39 

BuvHCjeHic 970 jicnie Bcero npoH3BOAiiTCH cjitAyioiqiiMb 
oopasoHi: BUuiicaBh ua HiisKueMi rohi]('6 OTA^^bHott SyNasKu 
jorapHOMU ROJiimecTBi> Xf" cooTB'bTGTByiOiitie OAHOMy noKaaa- 
TejH) z, npnK.ia^uBaeH'b ee ki» jiorapHeMaMi» BejiR^HH^b A(n.n) 

H T. A-, H CJIOSHB'b HX'b, HaXOAHHl COOTBl^TCTByiOII^iH «lHC«ia, 

ROTopLixi» cyMMa A^eTi TpeOyesiue Koe«ui](ieuTu. 

^j[R noBtpKH BimHcieaifl mu onflib o6paTHHcu bo bto- 
poHy pasioseHiio 

2am'_ v-ifra' "+VaV 






— (n-2fi) -(n-2^) 

rat M=-:?(P(n/i)x' + |/^lQ(n.it4)x' ); 

jtaeaH ^ paajH^HUH BeiH^HHU oti o ao /a =: n , npH tohi 
HaauBaH Piii..a)— Pi(n-(n-2iLt) Q(n^) = Q(n,— (n,-2u) 
;(jfl Toro ^To6u caHHSfL Koe«Hi(ieHTOirb oOoBHa^HTb cb BaiuiHi 
noRaaaxejieHi bkoahtii x, naxoAHMi: 



t=P(4,- 4)x' + P(4 — 2 jx'+P(4,0)r + P(4,2)x'+P(4,4)x' 
* 1 1 lit 

+ 1/ -1 |q (4, 4)x'^ + Q(4, --2)x' + Q(4,0)x' + Q(4,2)x, 






a'P-4 (aV* -2 



yinosafl Hav-.H-,/, noj[CTaBMH BMtcro l-J x, - 

H T. ;(. HXl BejlH^HHU H SaMtvafl ^TO 

P(4,4)=P{4,-4) P(4,2)=P(4,-2) Q(4,4)=:-Q(4, 4) 
^1 11 1 1 

Q(4,2) — — Q(4,— 2) HaxoflHMi: 



40 



■/\^ ^ r 



• r '^ Va'\^ M *l /r \* *» M ^l /r \^ -* 



14* R=2Pi4 — 4)X' +2P(4 — 2)X + P(4,0)X ' 

1 1 10 

I 

S=o 



R-P(4,-4,ix'''h-P(4-2)x"+P(4,0)x'Vp(4-2)X*' 
—I =1 —11 -11 - 1 I \ —1 

+P(4,-4)X' 
—I 

S=Q{4,-4)X 4- Q(4 -2)X' + Q(4, - 0)X' + Q(4,— 2)x'' 
-11 —I 1 —1 I - I 1 -t 

+Q(4,-4)X' 

1 - I 

H T. A. 

Boe^Hi^ieuTU B, S Sujh buwcjidhiiI bl npeAnoiosemo 

-I ~i 

vzzo, ecj[H cjii^AOBaTe JbHO Bi> iiepB0MT> padJiOffieniH CA'6JlaeH^ 9to 
iipoAnoJiOHeHie) to aojisho nojiyuHTbca corjiacie peayjbTaTOBi; 
HO npeanojioaeHie xirl cooTBtTcxByerb TOMy^ mo mhbt> khs- 

j(OMT> OT^tJI* flOJIKHM B3flTI> CyMMy KOCt&HI^ieHTOBIi KOTOpHXl 

iioKaaaiejib x oahhi> u xoiase no BejiimHHt, xota Su fiuJi 
pa.iHiHMeHb no snaRy, a noKasaTejib z totiskc no BejHHHHi^ 
H no anasy BCJitACTsie cero no.iywM^: 



41 



M \^\ 4 ^y •^/■'^ 



4 4.4 4.2 4.0 

R =2E -f 2E + E 

<> 

4 4 4 4.2 4 4-'i «-4 \ 4 4 4,2 4.0 4— 2 4-4 

R =E +E +E +E +E; SnF +F +F+F +F 
-1 -1 _-t —1 ~i -1 -1 -1 -1 -I ii -1 

M T. ](. 

noMon^BH) 9THxi> ypaBiieHitl mu noBtpHMi Bci^ fioeoHipeH- 

TH, 3a HCKJilOUeHieMl F** P^ P®,H0 1HCJI0 CHXT, nOCJtAHBXTi 



HeanaqHTejibHO^ mo»ho cjil^/ti^BaTejibHo hxi bhobl nepe^HCJiHTb. 

§ 11 

a /r \° ™ 

Bi> Bupa&eHie j bxoahtii BejiHMHHa ( - 1 x , ROTopyio 

ran3eHi> Bupamaerb bt» ^yuRuiu aBcueHTpHqecEott anoMajriH. 
%o6u BhiBecTH Heo6xoAHMhifl A<KH cere oopMyjiu, BOdbHeMi 
ypaBHCHia 

r^a(l-cost) tgVaY--^tg%e|/l±^ *) 
o6o3iia'iaa 2cos e ~y+_^ 2cosv— x+-, HaxopMi : 

y ^ 

^-zzcosf (l-iJy) (1-/5^0 X =fi:^ TA* ^=tg% 9- 
la ci'bACTBie cero 

f \n m 'in m n m n+m 

X =cos Vjy y (1— /5y) ( I -/5y-') 



2n m 

=:cos Va^y 



n-ni , (n— m — l)(n— m) I ^ 
(D— in)(u-m-l)(n— m-2) | ^ 



1.2.3 



3 3 ] 

/'y+ } 



fn+mHn^m l)fn+m— 2)3 ;< ( 
^^^ ^ y I 

*) Gauss Theuria motus J^ 8. 



i% 



y\.^ y / y^ 



0«ieBHABO, qTO aio' Bupansenie SyACTi cocxoflTb h3t> ROBeqnaro 
qncja h jeHoei , ecjin n i^tjioe h nojosHTejibHoe , a m i^tjioe 
paeuo, HJH N6Hbme a ; n(»ceuy MoateM'L Hanncarb : 

^n m i=n u.m i 

a 



lY \n m i— n u.m i 

(- X -S W, y 



i=- n 



AJfl onpeA^JieHia Wi , nepeMHOSHHx Ha caHOHi Atjib npeAi- 
HAyn^ifl BupaseHiii, TorAa HattA^M'b: 

n.m 2n j o»-in» , , (n»-m») [{n-l)»-m'] ,, 
W =C08 V2<p|l H — f2-^' + p 2a ^ 

[a'-m»][(n-1)'-m'][(n-2)'-m'] | 

"•" 1».2».3' '^■*' ( 

nm 2n Ui—\Si (n*-m*)(n-l-m) 
W II cos %^\-Y-^ + yrg ^' 

(n'-m»)[(n -l)'-m'] [(n -a)- m] 

n.m 2n In4.m (n*- ui^Xfl— l+m) ^, 
W^— — cos Vayj-j— /J+^^ (,j» /J» 

. (n»-m')[(n-1)'-m»][(n -2)+m] ^. 



I 



( 



w"- cos" V ) (°-m)(P--l-m ) (n»-m')n-l-m)(n-2-m) 

. (g — m*)[(n -ir-m»][(n 2) -m][(n— 3)— m] 
■^ l'.2'.3.4 '^ 

^-cos'^Ayf°+g)''°-Il±gW^^ ~'°^^^°^V -^^-•^^^^^^^ 

m— 2 ' 1.2 1\2.3 

(n^-m*)[(n - 1)*— m' '][( n-2)+m][(n — 3+m] \ 
■•■ P.2'.3.4 ^ I 



H T j^. 



43 



f ^\^ ^^ \y>^\.- 



n, — m ii.in 

H3^ dTHxi Bupasenifi bi^ho, mto W nW 

— (m+p) m+p 

OopMyju BiiifieAeHHUfl iiaHH pa BuqHCjeHiH Wr "" aobojibho 
GJOXHU, no ceMy nociapaeiicfl BhiBecTH Apyrifl, Roropufi 6u 
cKop'be npHBejiH uacb hi iRejiaeMofi u'bJiH. £cjh bi npeA'BBAy- 
iqHx-b BfapaseHiflxi> no.io»HMi> n~ni, Torxa nojy^HMi: 

n.n 2n n.ii On "•" "^-^ 2n 1 ^-^ 

W 3: cos Vay;W = -^ /5W; W=— ^W^ H T. fl. 

n n- 1 ^ Ml n 2 ^ n— I 

«•" , .k2n(2n— 1) (2n-k+l)j' 2« 

J^jifl oiipeA^JieHifl Wr "' no BU^iuc^eHHUM'L W" °, BoaMeifb 

y 

m 



/f Mi+t in I 3 j a /r|\n n 

f -) X ::.C08 Va9(y-2i3+/J j) {-'j X 

( -) X = cos Va9>(y-2^+^)( -J X 



noACTaBJiflfl bmI^cto 



X = iSWi y* H T. n. H cpaBHH- 



la 
Baa RoeoHi^ieHTLi npu OAHHaKOBUx'L cTenoHSxi y, HaxoAHHi>: 

n+t, m— 1 2 2 n.m 2 n,ni 2 ii,m 

W - /5 cos VayW -^2/5cos V29W +COS VayW 

i i-1 i i+J 

n f 1 , m4' I 2 n.m 2 n.m 2 2 n,m 

W - cos VjcpW — 2/5COS Va^^W+zJ cos Va^W 

i i- t i i+l 

OopMjJiu 3TH a yiioTpeSjiaJi'L ae tojibko ^m BbuiiuMeHiH 
pasJiHRHbixii W"™, BO TaKme ii ajh noatpKH BeJinMHHh W?". 

i /j. \n, m 

HattA^HBua aauH BejaqanM -) x, noACTaBHMi» bi* Bupa- 

a 
seaie-. iiafiABMb: 

A 



44 

* 'i 

1 — l' 



4 4 i -i' 



-i,- i' i,-i' 

4 4.4 4.4 4,2 4.2 4.0 4.0 4,-8 4,-2 4,-4 4,-4 

6 zi E W+E W +E W+E W +E W 
i,_i' _i' i _i' i _i, i _i' i _i' i 

4 4,4 4.4 4,8 4.2 4,0 ».0 4,-2 4-2 1,-4 4,-4 

H n F W+F W+F W +F W +F W 

i,-i' — i' i -V i -i' i -i' i -i i 

4,-4 4,4 4,-2 4,2 4,0 4,0 J,« 4,-2 4,4 4,-4 

GziE W+E W+EW+EW +EW 

— i— i' — i' i — i' i — i' i i' i — i' i 

4,-4 4,4 4,-2 4,2 4,0 4,0 4,2 4,-2 4,4 4,-4 

H = F W+F W +F W +F W +F W 

i,-i' -i i -i' i -i' i -i' i -i' i 

noAo6HUfl BupaseHifi HafiA^Mii pfl Bcbxi BeuwHi 

CnpeA^JHB'L BejiHqbHy^, He rpyxHO onpeA^JiHTb h caMyia 
nepiypOai^oHuyH) oyHKi^iio h ea npoHSBOAHua OTHocnrejibHO r 
(paAiyca BeRxopa) h z, BoopAHHaiu nepneHAHeyjiflpHoit b^ njo 

CBOCTH 0p6HTU Bl CaMOlTk ji^s!^ ^ HU 3HaeM'L : ^TO 

*xo.o- ^' ^^^ 2ixx'+yy'+zz')( 

FA* ^ ecTb B3aHMHoe paacTOHHie njaHert; x, y, z, x\ y', z', 
cyib KoopAHHaTU MaHCTH B03MymaeMoB h BoaMyntniou^eft, ot- 
iieceiiHiiie b^ TpeMi> B3aHMH0 nepiieuAiiRy.iapnbiM'L ochmi ne- 
pectBaioiUHMCH bi i^eHip'b cojiHi^a. 



*) Mu 3Atcb nAJi II npHHHMaeM'b mo BupaseHie nepTyp6auioHHott •yRK- 
iiiii, KOTopoc oHa HHten* KorAa na njiancTy KpoMt cojinaa ^ttftcTsyerb TO.fbKO 
oABa luanera. 



45 



r^ ^\y '^.^v^^^— 



^ xx'-4-yy'+zz' 

BupaaseHie -^, ecTb KOCHHyci. yrjia, cociaBJieH- 

Haro AByMfl paxiycaMH seBiopaMH \ ecjn o6o3Ha4HMT> 9toti> roch- 
Hyci» yepe3i> H, h Maccy MaHeiu BOSMyu^aeMoti npiiiMeMi 3a 
OeaROHeqHO Majiyio bi* opaBHeHiu cii Maccoio cojhi^, Kait i> aio 
uMtexB M'&CTO A*ifl TBJiecsonHqecBHX'L njaaerB, Tor^a nojiyqHMi>: 

... =^f- <-)g(|,)w 

HO MU HamjTO 

2m'a , /r \'»/r'\»+' 

^ am' ^ /a \*^ „ 

r^t ^^0=2— 7-, J,iz2m'f-J H, nojciaBMH ain BUpaaeiriff 

Hatf AeMx : 

- =^'+<-)WWi)W+ (i) 

Ho Bi ypaBHCHifl ABHsesifl bxoahtl hc canoe i2, a ea 

npoH3BOAHUfl OTHOCHiejibHo BOopAHHaTb B03Myii^aeMoft njiaHeTU) 

2am' 
aiftj^OBBTejibHO tiJieHi ,- npH AHOoepeni^HpoBaHiH HcqedueTb 

n HU A*3ff -^^ AOJISHU BbiqHCJIBTb TOJEbRO HJieHbi: 

..^ =A.([-;(iM^r©v (1, 

nOACTaBMH BMtCTO ^^(r ) U"/) ■ T A- HXTi BBJIHqHIM , H 

coeAHBflfl Roe^BiyeHTbi cl OAHHaROBUMH noRadaxejiflMH y h z &*& 

2aX2 = :2^JK(i,-.iO+\/"—lL(i-io| y l^ 
rA'b i Mosexi npHHiiMaxb Bci^ BOiiNoffiHbifl i^t^iMu nojtoffiiiTeJtb^ 

HUfl H OTpH]](aTeJlbHU[H BeJfHUHHU ^ i' TOJIbRO IIOJOHSHTeJIbHyfl 

noTony qio 



46 

K(-i, i) - K(i-i) 
L(-i. i') = -L(i-i') 

ape TOHi 

K(i,-i')=GVG'+ gV 



1,— 1' 1,-1' ^- 1' 
L(i,-iO=H + H% hV , 

1,-1' 1,-1' I, I' 

/I,j[fl onpeA^JEeHifl npjii3B0AH0tt nepTy|)6aiyoHuoK oyanp 
oTHOCUxejibHO paAif ca BeEiopa , pooepeni^npyeM'B ypaBHCHie 
(1) OTUocniejibHO rum coBepuieHin AHO^epeHi^HpoBaHifl no- 
MHoaBHMi ero ua r, lorAa naAjifiWh: 

-f = -4)'(f;)v -.(r/©v 

noACxaajiflfl BM'bcTO ^2 7 i;r/ 



a; Ir 
o6o3Haqafl 



3 
n T. A* Hxi sejiHqHHU h 



2 3 4 

M(i— i')=2G + 3G + 4G 



i^_i' i^-.i' i',_i' 



2 3 4 

N(i,— i')=:2H + 3H + 4H + 

+i,-i' i,-i' i,-i' 

HattAeM'b : 

2a/^^= ^:s|M(i-i')+v^-iN{i.-i')jy a'* 
tUH nepexoAfl oti> hhhhux'L BejHMHH'b ki A'^ttcTBnTeJibHUin- 

HM'beH'B 

nn— ^-slKfi,— iOcos(ie " ig')-L(i,-i')8ina6— i'g') 
ar-^ =: ^:s: |M(i, i')co8(ie— i g •)-»(!, -i')sin(ie -ig' 



47 



r^t c ecTb 3KCueHTpHqecKafl aHOMajiifl BOSMymaenofl njaneTU, 
g' cpeAHHfl aHOMajiifl BOSMymaiomeft luaiieTU. BejiamiHa uocto- 
HHHaro qjieaa, iiojiyqaeMafl noMomJio aTHXi ypaBeemft, oqcBHA- 
Ho 6yAeTi> bt» x^a paaa 6oiLme HacToamefi ero BejiH'jHHH 

J[,jiH noBtpRH BejiiUHH'L K H L, B03Meflrk BTopoe pasjose- 

„• 2am^ Tj 2am' 

- ^-. EcjH nponycTHMT. mjichti — ~ , to uepTyp6a- 

iMOHuaa oyHKiya H3o6pa3UTCfl 

T \-i/a'\3 . „ /r \,/a'\^ 



^''^^=«.(I-)W+ «.(})'(?) + 



HO HUL HamjiH Mfl aToro cjiyqaa 

r 

HOACTaBJIHH BMtCTO ~z:tI — SIDy ZLZ <D (nOTOMy MTO v~o), 

HaitAeM'B : 



_ J 



-1 



2ai2=-2:T+|/~l uj z' 

l-i* -i| 

2 9 ^ ^ A ^ 

PA* Tz: R-l-0 B+0 B + 

• • • • 
— 1 -1 —1 —1 

on ^ ^ J. <1 

U=:<D S +0 S +0 S +... 

• • • • 
—1 —1 -1 —1 



HO BTopoe pa3j[03ReHie 6ujio BuqncjieHO Bb npeAnojosRCRiH 
Y~o, HTO cooTBtTCTByeii yi^l; no ceny B3flB^ bi nepBOMb 
pa3JoaseHiii cyMMy BCtxi qjienoBi, saRjioqaion^Hxii z bi oahoA 
H Tottsse CTeneHu, ne o6paiqafl BHHManie Ha cxenenb y, cyMsia 
BTa AOJisna 6uTb paBHa Koec^HiveHxy npu z cl toh) se cie- 
neHbio 30 BTopoMii paBJioaseHiH : 



48 



\^\.y t y- • 



T e. 

T - K(o,-i')+K(l,-i)+K(2 -i')+ 

+K(_i _i')+K(— 2— i')+ 

U =z L(0,— i')+L(l — i)l-L(2,— i)+ 

- 1 

+L(- 1— i)+L(— 2.-iOK... 

T = K(0.0)+2K(1.0)+2K(2.0)+ 

IIoMOiuiio dTHXi ypaBHenifl mu MoseNi> iiou'I^{»hti> Bct KoeoH- 
i^ieHTU, da HCKJiOHeHieMb L(l 0), L(2.0), L(3.0); ho 4Ucjo 
9THXi> nocjii^AHHX'B HeBCJiHKO, H iioTuMy OHH Mory ri> OhiTb ne- 
pe^HCJieHu ABa paaa. 

Jl^jisr noBtpKH BejH^iHHTi M H N Mu MOScMi. ynoTpe6HTb 
cj^Ayion^iH ypaBHeuifl 

M(i,~iO= 2K(i,-i')+G + 2G + 3G etc 

i, i' i, i' i,-i' 

N(v i)= 2L(i.-iO + H + 2H + 3H + 

i,-i' i,-i' i, i' 

BOTopufl nojyqaioTCfl HenocpeACTBenHO hsi ypaBHeHifi a^ui^i^^'^ 
AJifl onpeA*JieHia M(i i'), N(i,— i';. 



§ 13. 
J^jA OnpeAtJiemfi wacTHotl npoH3BOAHotl neprypSai^oHHoit 

ftyHRI^lH OTHOCHTeJhHO BOOpAHHaTbl Z, IlpJftMeM'b HJIOCEOCTb Op 

6htli B03Myii^neM()ti iMaHeibi Bb onpeAi^JeHHoe BpeMfl 3a njo 
CBOCTb xy, a 3a ocb x jhhIk) naiipaBJieHHyio ri BocxoAfliueMy 



49 



N<rv>«^ V> «^ .» "XN 



f3jf opSBTU B08Myii{a6]iott HJaHeTU Ha njiocROCTH njaneTU 
B03ii7iiia]Dn](eit, h npoAH^em^HpyeiTB nupaseme nepiypOai^ioHHoft 
«yHKipH OTHOCHieibHo z, a nocjiib xH^oepoHipipoBaHifl hojioshmi 
z=o, TorAa noiymii: 

d£l_ m' ) 1 J_( ^ 

dz — l+m]^^ ~r'3(^ 

HO xjfl npHHHToft HaMH cHCTeMu soopppaT'b, HurbeMi? 

xzi r cos(v+n) x," r' cos(v'+n') 

y'rr r' sm(v'+H')cos I 
yiz r sm(v+n) z'z: -r' sin(v'+n')sm I 

noxcraufli natAeiTB: 
dSl m 



di ^ 1+m 



raU'-F'l '^^ ^"^ ^ (''+"') 



m' la* a* a'^a' r' 



.di2 m' la' a 

^ di- 



Bupaseme bto nociapaeiicfl BupasHib vb wts^waxh Haim 
BuucjieHmx^b. 

J^ifl cero npopooepeai^yeirL fiupaseaie £1 OTHocHTeuHo 
* r, TorAa npiy^HMi : 



' da m'a Irr'H 

or "^ / 



ar3rz: 



M ""l+m| ^» 



if^_irHI 
ji r' 'I 



HO B3-b ypaBHemfl 



^/ — r» + r* — 2rr'H 



BaxopMi: 



60 



rr'H=:-^ 



noACTaRiflfl, HHteiTb: 
^i2 



yHHo»afl 8X0 Bupaseme Ha«2 h csJiaji^afl c% Bupaseiieii 
ai2 nojiywHii: 

HO ai2HaMH BuwcjieHHoe b'b§ 12, ounraaeicfl OThSiSl Bj^icbm- 

m' /a'\/a\ 

ai2 Mu B'L§ 1 2 aroiTL ueffb nponycnuni; no ceiiy qioSu hosho 
6ujio Bocnoj[b30BaTbCfl npesHHM'B BUWCiemeMi , hu fffiism 
npHSaBHTb dTOTb qjieni bi npesHett [BejEWH^ ai2, bi cit/i- 

CTBie oero noiywHi: 



H)l(p 



OTRyja 



if»&)=l^f+'^+rai(§(y 



U'J (a/ a* 



51 



w^^ <^r ^ 



HO Bypaseme 



m' /a 



5!_Y* V/iT— 1db5!\*zA£zJ 



l+m 



OT = 




im^)) 



mn) 



— l+mlU'/lr / \&') \a / IrV / /r'WaY /r;\ 



Buqirrafl 9th pa ypaBHOHifl HaiopMi: 



2 



+ 






a'r' 
a a' 



praosafl HE — - -y sin I sui(v'+n') , 110417911111 

da t Oil - ,'r \ia'U 
a" 



+: 



UH 



l+mW)la)W| (tl^ilTjH* 

[af m' (a ^^(r \ VaVl „ 



2ar-^+a/2+3^, 
a/a'\ . 

— r— I oil 



la 



IQ) sin I sin (V + no 



BeiH^HHU . aaRjjoqeaaiae bi* cRoSRaxi, HdetcTHBi Haitii mi 
npeA'LHAyu^HX^ BuqiicjieHitt ; uto Kacaeicfl BeJHHHHU Z, to 
Mu ee nojiy^HMi pasjiarafl bi paA'b: 

ji -a)'(i}t)i- 



6i 



z=-^ii;«..4f(i:r...-lf 



+(i')W£-)'»ta ''--•••W" 



-«»■(&)? ««"' + C'llT**' '^ &) 



2 



HO HU HamjiH 

«|An -4-00 11,1— i 






-*0O 



n.1 n.l n.l ]i.l 



(-, ma' rr(X— X ) sing'+(l —X ') sm2g'+ 
\f 1—1 2 —a 

t 



^XL n.l n,l n.l n.l al 



cosv'iz: X +(X + X ) cosg'+(X +X sin 2g')+.. 

1 -I 2-2 



BOJiHqHHLi Xr^ aaBHCfln toueo on BRc^eHTpBCKreTa B03iiy- 
ntaioqefi uaneTu, OHi& cJi^AOBaTeAHo Moryi*B Sutb BtiqHCjera; 
noACTaBjflg Hi% Bi BupasoHie Z, nairL ocTaneTCfl toibko Me- 

xaHH^ecsHMii nyreMi onpextiBTB BejRqHfly ^. 

§ 14. 

. Onpexi^jiip^, aa ocHopaiBli HMoseHHaro,nepTyp6aidoBiyiD 
^yHBi^ifo II etf qaoTHHH npoHaBopufl, nponcxoffBn^ifl on xt8- 
CTBifl GaTypna na H)jioiiy , 9 CQeAQHpii 1^% cl TaRHMH se 
BejiH^HHaMH npoHcxoAfliUHMH OTL A^flcTBiH lOtiHTepa H Mapca, 
fl oSiHHTerpHpobajTB ypaBHeslfl AB^HSeHia v noiymi pa bos- 
Myn^eHHofl cpeAReit aHOMajdH nz (fAt n cpepee pHseHie), nep- 
Typ6di^iH jrorapBOMa pa^iyca BesTopa*)^ n opAnnaTU nepneHAi- 
RyjiflpHofi Bi op6HT% njianeTU cj^Ayion^i^ BUpaseHifl: **) 



*) 06o3Ba<ieBlfl npHHAnui BauH cyiB rtHseBa, oBt noMftmeBBU b% ero co- 
^BBeBiH^ AaBeinonderBetzuni^ etc< 

**) Chotpb Astr. Kach. iM 1705 h cjtA. 



59 



+ MS-'jOl Bill* 
-|- 2,00749 nt sin « 

- 5d,308in2ff 

-f 0,18sinSt 

— 0,01 8iti4« 



+ 

+ 



- 0^,01 8in[(0^a73998n)« 
+ 0,25 sin [(0,3742789n)« 

- 1,92 Slnt(0,1359081n)« 

- 26,55 Sin [(9,5651859n)« 

- 121,83 sin [(9,8011020 > 
+ 3,70 sin [(0,2128693 )« 

- 0,39 sin [(0,4203784 > 
+ 0,iO dn[(O,5602128 )t 
-^ 0,01 sin [(0,6658211 > 



- A] + 



- Al + 



A] 
Al 
A] 
Al 
A] 
Al 
Al 
Al 
Al 



- Al + 



12,18647ntco8« 
21,46 eosS* 
0,77t88ntcosi« 
0,25 cos St 
0,01 cos4i 

9'',04c<»[(0,5272998B)i 
0,59 cos [(0,3742789n)« 
4,72 co8[(0,1359081n)i 

28,31 cos [(9,565 1859n)« 

126,99 C08[(9,8011020 )« 

0,53 cos [(0,2128693 )« 

0,90 cos [(0,4203784 )« 

0,0» cos [(0,5602128 )« 



-» aOS sin [(a,4369d82]|> 

+ 0,^0 sin [(0,239269 ln)f 

+ 1 2,69 sin [(9 ,8662228n)f 

+ 73,67 sin [(9,4284438 > 

+ 23,50 sln[(0,1021320 > 

- 0,79 sin [(0,33509 14 )• 

— 0,35 sin [(0,5138993 )« 
^ 0,04 sin [(0,6299313 )• 

+ 0,02 8lil[(0,49l6864n)« 

- 1,61 sin [(0,3226985n> 
+ 7,43 sin [(0,042307 2ii)f 
+ 593,54 sin [(9,0099554n> 

— 481,35 sin [(9,9531221 )« 
+ 11,85 sin [(0,2782233 > 
-f 1,92 sin [(0,4620506 )« 

— 0,08 sin [(0,5908063 )• 
+ 0,01 sin [(0,6899905 )< 

+ 0,07 sin [(0,3926545n)« 

-; 0,158in[(0,1672459n> 

• 4,16 sin [(9,67 I8739n> 

+ 86,28 sin [(9,7244736 )i 

+ 33,45 sin [(0,1 8 47596 > 

- 8,92 sin [(0,1031619 > 
+ 0,49 sin [(0,5478044 )« 
-f O,038in[(0,65612l4 )e 



^2A1 + 0,16C08[(O,4369a82B> 

— 2A1 + l,75cos[(0,2392691n> 

— 2A1 — 3,16 cos [(9,8662228n)« 

— 2A1 + 940,37 cos [(9,4234438 )* 

— 2AI + 298,66 cos [(0,1021320 )« 
_2A] - 24,88 COB[(0,3650914 > 
-2A] + 0,01 cos [(0,5138993 > 
-2A] + 0,02 cos [(0,6299313 )« 



r 
+ 

~3A] + 



3A1 

3A] 

3A] 

3A] 

3A] 

3A] - 

3A] - 
— 3A]' - 
-3A1 + 

4A] + 
4A1 - 
4A] - 
4AI + 
4A] + 
4A] + 
4A] + 
4A1 - 



0,0i cMK0^168G4n> 
0,25 cos [(0,3226985n> 
3,95 cos [(0,0423072n)« 
186,66 cos[(9,0099554n)« 
371,12 cos [(9,9531221 )« 
0,03 CSS [(0,2782233 )« 
1,70 cos [(0,4620506 > 
0,14 cos [(0,5908063 )« 
0,02 cos [(0,6899905 )« 

0,04 cos [(0,3926545n)« 
0,10co8[(0,l6724^9n)« 
4,34 cos [(9,6718739n)« 
22,87 cos [(9,7244736 )« 
3,06 cos [(0,1 847596 )« 
0,i7 cos [(0,403 16 1 9 ) 
0,12cos[(0,5478044 > 
0,06 cos [(0,65612 14 > 



a — 



Al 

Al 
Al 
Al 
Al 
A] 
Al 
Al 



2A] 

2A] 
2A| 
2A] 
2A] 
2A] 
2A] 
2A] 

3AJ 
3A] 
3A] 
3A1 
3A] 
3A] 
3A] 
3A1 
3A1 

4A] 
4A] 
4AT 
4A] 
4A] 
4A1 
4A] 
4A1 



54 



— 0^0t sin[(0,4528897n) 

— 0,05 sin [(0,264 1549d) 

— 0,66 sin [(9,9228281n) 

— 48,11 sin [0,^1 16597 ) 

— 31,02 sin [(0,0655057 ) 
+ 6,60 sin [(0,3350168 ) 

— 1,71 sin [(0,5000720 ) 
+ 0,02 sin [(0,6193857 ) 
+ 0,03 sin [(0,7128855 > 

+ 0,03 sin [(0,343337 In) 

— 0,178in[(0,0808566n) 
^ 4,36 sin [(9,3 109854nT 
+ 7,98 sin [(9,9005650 ) 
4- 0,88sin[(0y2541520 ) 

— 0,21 sin [(0,4464381 ) 

— 0,09 sin [(0,5792533 ) 

— 0,04 sin [(0,6808214 ) 
+ 0,01 8inf(0,7da0806 ) 

— 0,02 sin [(0,1964739n> 
+ 0,43 sin [(9,7574547n> 

— 5,78 sin [(9,63 1365 4 > 

— 3,76 sin [(0,1547047 > 
+ 1,47 sin[(0,3852348 ) 

— 0,55sin[(0,53503iO ) 
+ 0,12 sin [(0,6462000 ) 

— 0,01 Bib [(0,7346336 ) 

+ 0,04 sin [(0,2876935n) 

— 0,17 sin [(9,9792045n) 
+ 41,22 sin [(8,7816563 ) 
+ 12,35 sin [(0,0255038 ) 

— 1,61 sin [(0,3 139670 ) 
+ 0,51 sin [(0,4857900 ) 

— 0,26 8in[(0,6085777 ) 
+ 0,07 sin [(0,7041920 ) 

— 0,04 sin [(9,4870767n) 
+ 0,59 sin [(9,8407606 ) 
+ 0,15 sin [(0,2286680 ) 
+ 0,12 sin [(0,430243 4 > 
+ 0,10 sin [(0,5673844 ) 

— 0,07 sin [(0,6714546 ) 
+ 0,02 8in[(0,7553445 ) 



5A] 
5A] 
5A] 
5A] 
5A1 
5A] 
5A] 
5A] 
6A] 



-5A] + 



— 5A] + 



6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 



+ 
+ 



+ 
+ 



7A1 
7A1 + 



7A] 
7A] 
7A] 
7A] 
7A] 

7A1 



+ 
-7A] + 



8A] 
-8A] 
8A] 
8A] 
8A] 
8A] 
8A] 
8A] 



+ 

+ 

-8A] + 



-9A1 + 
-9A] + 

-m + 

-8A] - 
-9A] + 
-9A] — 
.9A] + 



0^,01 €op [(0,4528897n V 

0,25 cos [(0,2641549n)« 

2,06 cos [(9,9228281 n)« 

89.48 cos [(9,21 16597 )• 

53,73 cos [(0,0655057 )« 

9,03 cos [(0,3350 168 > 

1.37 cos [(0,5000720 )« 
0,12 cos [(0,6193857 )• 
0,01 cos [(0,7128855 > 

0,05 cos [(0,3433371n> 
0,08 cos [(0,q8085C6n> • 

8.38 cos [(9,3 109854n> 
24,08 cos [(9,9005650 )• 

3,69co8[(0,2541520 )• 
2,30 cos [(0,4464381 > 
0,64 COB [(0,5792533 > 
0,02 cos [(0,6808214 > 
0,01 008 [(0,7630806 )• 

0,06 COS [(9,7574547n> 
3,05 cos [(9,6313654 ]t 
1,70ce8[(0,1547047 )• 
0,83 cos [(0,3852348 )• 
0,49 cos [(0,53503 10 > 
0,17 cos [(0,6462000 ) 
0,01 cos [(0^7346336 > 

. 0,03 cos[(0,2876935n)f 
0,28 cos [(9,9792045n) 

12,38 cos [(8,7816563 ) 
4,96 cos [(0,0255038 ) 
0,64 cos [(0,31 39670 }» 
0,13 cos [(0,4857900 ) 
0,01 cos [(0,6085777 ) 
0,01 cos [(0,704 1920 ) 

0,29 cos [(9,4870767n) 
1,25 cos [(9,8407606 > 
0,42. cos [(0,2286680 ) 
0,28 cos [(0,4302434 ) 
0,17CQS[(0,5673844 ) 
0,07 cos [(0,6714546 ) 
0,0 1 cos [(0,7553445 > 



* — 



5A1 

SA] 
5A] 
5A) 
5A] 
5 A] 
5A] 
5A] 
5A1 

6A1 
6A) 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 

7A] 
7A] 
7A] 
7A] 
7A1 
7A] 

7AJ 

8A] 
8A] 
8A] 
8A1 
8A] 
•8A] 
8A] 
8A] 

9AJ 
9AJ 
9A] 
9A] 
9A] 
9A] 
9A] 



55 



- 0\(B 8m[(t^»9149li>-10A] + 
+ 0,I9sm[(9,5126897 )«— tOA] - 
+ 0,18sm[(0,1224l38 >> lOA] — 

- 0,08 8in[(0,3665357 )«-10A] + 
+ 0,04 sin [(0,52 1 8705 >-IOA] — 

- 0,02 dn [(0,6360 l6H )f -- lOA] + 



- 0,0a8in[(0,0t77992]i>- 

- 4,52 sin [(8,62 15460n)4- 
+ 1,47 sin [(9,98 14400 >- 

- 0^02 sin [(0,29 18491 >• 

- 0,06 8in[(0,47 10223 )•- 
+ 0,04 dn [(0,5974938 >- 

- 0,03 sin [(0,6953209 )•- 
+ 0,01 sin [(A,7751 118 )•- 

- 0,01 sin [(9,6120 154n)f- 

- 0,08 sin [(9,7713952 )«- 

- 0.04 sin [(0,2015950 > 
+ 0,02 8in[(0,4 J 34212 >- 

- 0,02 sin [(0,555 1822 >- 
+ 0,02 sin [(0,66 1681 2 >- 

- 0,01 sin [(0,7474681 )•- 
+ 0,01 sin [(0,8 189431 )•' 



— 0,02 sin [(9,3487599)« 
+ 0,02 sin [(0,0875277> 



UA1 


+ 


11 A] 


+ 


11 A] 


^^m • 


llA] 


+ 


HA] + 


11 A] 




11 A] 


-^ 


11 A] 





12 A] 





12A] 




-12A] 





12A] 


+ 


12A] 


■ 


12A] 


+ 


12A] 




I2A] 




13A] 


+ 


13A] 


+ 



0^01 «Oft[(9^a89149n)t - lOA] 
0,60 C08[(9,5 126897 )t-10AJ 
0,38 cos [(0,1224138 >^10A] 
0,l6cos[(0,3665357 )«-10A] 
0,11 COB [(0,52187to ^-^lOA] 
0,08 cos [(0,63604188 >- IOA[ 
0,04co8[(0,726d688 >-10A] 

0,01 COB [(0,0177902n>- 1 1 A| 
1,84 coB[(8,6215460n>-l 1 A] 
0,58 C08[(9,9814400 )« - 1 1 A] 
0,02co6[(0,2918491 )«— HA] 
0,02 COS [(0,47 10223 >— HA] 
0,02 co8[(0,5974^8 )• - 1 1 A] 
0,02 COS [(0,6953209 )«-11A] 
0,01 C08[(0, 7751118 >-llA] 

0,01 C08[(9,6120154n> -12A] 



ft 



0,02 COS[(0,2015950 )• 
0,02 cos [(0,41342 1 2 > 
0,01 cos [(0,5551822 )i- 
0,01 cos [(0,661881 2 )» 



12A] 
1 2 A] 

t2A] 
12 A] 



II 



n 



w 



- 0,46 sin [(9,501 52n)« 

- 0,08 sin [(9,83 121 > 

- 0,10 sin [(0,2 1343n)f 
+ 0,55 8in[(9,80255n)« 
+ 0,28 sin[(9,56269 )• 

- 0,11 sin [(O,?9046n> 
+ 1,52 sin [(9,97864n)e 
+ 18,63 sin[(8,6812Q > 

- 0^15 sinKO,02036 > 





+ 


» 


+ 


-B] 


— 


-B] 


+ 


-2B] 


+ 


-2B1 


— 


-2B1 


— 




+ 


-3B] 


— 


-3B] 


+ 


< 3B] 


— 


-3B] 


— 



0,01 cos[(9,3487599)« - 13 AJ 
0,05 C08[(0,0875277> - 13A] 
0^01 C0B[(0,3469993)« <- 13A1 
0,01co8[(0,50829B7)t- 13A] 
0,01 cos [(0,625404> ^ 13A] 
0,01 coB[(0,7n9438)« — 13 A] 

0,02 cos [(0,36499n)t - B] 
0,04 cos [(0,1 1970n> - B] 
0,26 COB [(9,501 52n)« — B] 
0,01 cos [(9,83421 > - BJ 

0,06 C08[(0,21343n> - 2BJ 
0,46 cos[(9,80255n)« — 2B] 
0,33 cos [(9,56269 > ^ W] 
0,01 sin [(0,13524 )• — 2B] 

0,07 cos[(0,29049n)« — 3BJ 
0,85 cos[(9.97864n)e - 3B] 
6,87 cos [(8,68 1 20 )• — 3B] 
0,02 cjis [(0,02036 )< — 3B] 



&6 

+0»fn 8iB [(0,10358ll)« — 4B} —0^, 13 eoB[(0,10S58B> ~ 4B] 

+ 0,01 sm[(9,4303(hi)« -- 43] + Ofi7 oo8 [(9,43030n> — 4B] 

+ 0,01 Bin[(9,8637« )• — 4B] + 0,05 cob](9,86372 > - 4B] 

+ 0,03 8in[(0,a0049ii)« — 5B] - 0,01 cos [(O,20049n)« ~ 5B] 

— 0,148m[(9,76840n)« - 5B] + 0,01 £oB [(9,76840ft> - 5B] 
**- 0,06 siD [(9,61630 )t-:>5B] + 0,03 cos 1(9,61630 > — 5B| 

-I- 0,01 8in[(0,28967n)e — 6B] + 0,01 co8[(0,28967n> — 6Br 

— 0,07 8in[(9,9561fti> - 6B] — 0,15 cos [(9,956 18n> — 6BJ 

— 0,61 sin [(8,98223 >-*6B] — 0,81 cos [(8,98223 > — 6B) 
+ 0,01 sm [(0,10981 > - 6B] + 0,01 cos [(0,10961 > — 6B) 

— 0,03 sin [(0,33202n)« — C] + 9,01 coB[(0,33202ii)f - CJ 
4 0,33 sin ((0,05993n)« — C] — 0,22 cos [(0,0 5993n)t - C] 

— 0,29 8in[(9,17015ii> — C] — 1,77 cos [(9,1 70 J Snja — CJ 

— 4,83 sin[(9,93046 )« — C] — 4,24 cos [(9,93046 )« — C] 
+ 0,19 sin [(0,26765 )• — C] + 0.15 cos [(0,?6765 > — C] 
+ 0,01 sin[(0,45515 > ~ C] 

+ 0,01 sin[(0,36095n)« — 2C} — 0,01 C08[(0,36095n)« - 2CJ 

— 0,03 ein [(0,1 1 268a)« — 2C] „ 

— 0,40cin[(9,47117n)t--2C] + 0,37 cos [(9,47 U 7n> — 2CJ 
+ 4,02 sin[C9,84761 )• - 2C] +l&,26cos[(9,84761 )• - 2CJ 
+ 0,73 sin [(0,23 149 > — 2C] + 2,S9 cos [(0,23 149 )• — 2CJ 

— 0,09 sin [(0,43202 )« - 2C] — 0,32 cos [(0,43202 > — 20] 

— 0,01 sin[(9,64728n)t - 3C] + 0,06 cos [(9,64728n)«— 9C] 
+ 1,99 sin [(9,74616 > — 3C] + 0,92 cos [(9,745 16 )• — 3C] 
+ 0,65 sfail(0.19204 > — 3CJ — 0,38 cos [(0,19204 )i — 3C] 

— 0,16 sin [(0,40758 )«--3C] + 0,28 cos [(0,40758 > - 3C] 
+ 0,01 8inf(0,55097 )• — 30] — 0,03 cos[(0,55097 )e — 3C] 

„ + 0,01 cos [(9,7722 ln> - 4CJ 

+ 0,14 8in[(9,6 1082 )«— 4C] — 0,11 cos [(9,6 J 082 > — 4C] 

— 0,11 8in[(0,14865 )t — 4C] — 0,15 cos[(0,l4865 > — 4C] 
+ 0,08 sin [(0,38169 )• — 4C] + 0,03 sin [(0,38169 > — 40] 

— 0,04 sin [(0,53252 )« - 4C] + 0,02 cos [(0,53262 )e — 4CI 



w 



- 0,02 cos ((0,4 1529)« — SC] 

— 0,03 sin [(0,100I3> — 6C] + 0,02 cos [(0,10043)e — SC] 
+ 0,01 sin [(0,354 1 5> - 5C] - 0,02 cos [(0,35 41 5> — 5C] 
+ 0,01 sin [(0,51 324> - 5C] + 0,01 cos [(0,51 324> - 5C] 
+ 0,01 sin[(0,62943)« — 5C] 

- 0,01 sin [(9,05008)* - 6C] - 0,02 cos [(9,05008) t - 6C] 
+ 0,01 sin[(0,046l9)t ^ 6C] + 0,02 cos [(0,046l9)e ~ 6C] 



67 



2t= - 481%3a - 0\53Mlal 

-891^07 ooi« 
--2^07534 ntco8« 

--0,07 ooidt 
+0,01 001 4« 



— 0,01 C08[(0,5272998]i)« 
+ 0,27 cos [(0,3742789n)< 
^ 3,02 C08[(0,1359081n> 
+ 7,05 COS [(9,5651899n)« 
+84'',02 cos [(9,8011 020 > 
+ 4,01 cos 1(0,21 28693 )• 
+ 0,96 cos [(0,4203784 > 

— 0,09 C08[(0,5602128 > 
+ 0,01cos[(0,66582tl > 

+ 0,01 cos [(0,5722766n> 

— 0,08 COS [(0,4369382n)« 
+ 1 .24 cos [(0,2392691 n)« 
+ 5,75 cos [(9,8662228n)« 

— 31,68 cos [(9,4234 438 > 

— 30,45 cos [(0,1021320 )• 

— 1,53 cos [(0,3550914 )• 
+ 0,47 cos [(0.5138993 )< 

— 0,03 cos[(0,6299313 )« 



-812^,88 Blna 
^ 12,18647]it>in« 
+ 2,99 8in2« 
-*- 0,24 8lli3« 
-H 0,01 sfai4« 

A] — 0,04 sm[(0,5272998n)t 

Al + 0,43 sin [(0,3742789n)« 

A] -* 5,43 sin [(0,13590ein)ff 

A] -- 9,83 sin [(9,5651 859n> 

A] -^ 89,91 sln[(9,80ll020 )• 

Al — 9,528in[(0,2128693 > 

Al + 0,61 sin [(0,4203784 )• 

Al — O,04sin[(0,5602128 )f 
Al 



2A] + 0,01 

2A1 — 0,07 

2A] + 1,24 

2A] + 56,05 

2A] +430,05 

7A1 +381,90 

2AJ — 2,00 

2A1 — 0,20 

2A1 + 0,02 



sin[(0,5722766n> 
sin[(0,4369382n}c 
sin [(0,2392691 n> 
sin[(9,8662228n)« 
sin [(9,4334438 )• 
sin [(0,1 02 1320 > 
sin [(0,3550914 > 
sin [(0,5 138993 > 
sin [(0,62993 1 3 > 



+ 0,02 
-*. 0,24 
+ 21,81 
+200,71 
+471,85 
+ 26,22 
- 0,55 
+ 0,07 



cos [(0,491 6864n)« 
cos[(0,3226985n)« 
cos[(0,0423072n)« 
cai[(9^0099554n> 
cos[(9^3l221 )« 
cos [(0,27822 33 > 
cos [(0,4620506 )• 
cos [(0,5908063 )« 



» 



» 



3A] 

3 A] + 0,07 Bin [(0,3 226985n)« 

3 A] + 2,73 sin [(0,0423072n> 

3A I +1 1 4,04 sia [(9,0099554n> 

3A] +363,97 sin[(9,9531221 > 

3A] + 33,41 sin [(0,2782233 )« 

3A] + 0,44 sin [(0,4620506 > 

3A1 -- 0,20 sin [(0,5908063 > 
+ 0,01 sin [(0,6899905 )• 



+ 0,02 cos [(0,3926545n)« 

- 0,56 cos [(0, 1 672 I59n)c 
-^ 14,25 cos [(9,6718739n> 

- 69,47 cos [(9,7244736 )#i 
^ 45,40 cos [(0,1 847596 )« 
+ 9,70 cos [(0,4031 6 1 9 )• — 4A] + 
+ 0,15cos[(0,547^044 )• 

- 0,04 COB[(0,6561214 > 



4A1 
4A1 
4A1 
4A] 
4AI 



4A1 
4A] 



+ 
+ 

+ 
+ 



0,03 sin [(0,3926545n> 
0,61sin[(0,l672459n)« 
5,13 sin [(9,67 18739n> 
16,88 sin [(9,7244736 )« 
5,87 sin [(0,1847596 )< 
l,58sin[(0,40316]9 > 
0,3lsln[(0,5478044 )« 
O,08sin[(0,6561214 )« 



-A] 

■ Al 

■ Al 

- Al 
" Al 

Al 

- Al 

- Al 

2A1 
2A1 
2A] 
2A1 
2A1 
2A1 
2A] 
2A1 
2A1 

3A1 
3A1 
3A1 
3A] 
3A[ 
-3A1 
3A1 
3A1 

4A] 
4A] 
4A1 
4A] 
4A1 
4A1 
4A1 
4A] 



5d 



*>^\^ y^ r />m/V^ 



— 0^01 COB [(0,264 1549n>- 
+ 1,47 cos [(9,922828 lii)a - 
+ 19,67 cos [(9,21 J 6597 .)b - 
+ 33,60 cos [(0,0655057 )« - 

— 5,84 cos [(0,335016a )t - 
+ 2,34 cos [(0,5000720 )« 
+ 0,20 cos [(0,6193857 )« - 

— 0,03 ccs [(0,71 28855 > - 

-f 0,01 cos [(0,343337 1n> 

— 0,42 cos [(0,0806566n>- 

— 2 83 cos[(9,3109854q)« - 

— V9 cos [(9,0005650 )f - 
--- 1 .78 cos [(0,2541 520 )f - 
4- 0,23 cos[(0,4464381 )# 



6A] 

+ 0,21 cos [(0,5792533 )e - 6A] — 

+ 0,08 cos [(0,68082 14 )f — 6 A] — 

6A] + 



0,08 cos [(0,68082 14 )f 

— 0,0! cos [(0,7630806 )« 

+; O,04co8[(0,l964739n> — 7AJ 

+ 0,94cos[(9,7574547n>-7A] + 

+ 4,57cos[(9,63I3654 > -7A] + 

+ 4,37 cos [(0,1547047 >-7A] +. 

— 1,54 cos [(0,3852348. )e - 7A] -~ 
+ 0,72 cos [(0,53503 10 )e -7A] + 

— ^ 0,1 3 cos [(0,6 162000 )• - 7A1 - 
+ 0,01 cos [(0,7346336 > - 7A] - 

— 0,74cos[(9,9729045n>-8A] + 

— 6,69cos[(8,7816563 V-8A} + 
-- 13,00 cos [(0,0255038 )e - »A] + 
+ 0,89 cos [(0,31 39670 >-8A] — 

— 0,60cos[(0,4857900 )«-8A] + 
+ 0,36 cos [(0,6085777 )« -8A] 

— 0,09 cos [(0,704 1 920 )« — 8 A] - 

— 0,02 C08[(0,7H25073 )« - 8 A] - 

— 0,0 1 cos [(0,1 1 6261 ln>- 9 A] + 

— 0, 1 3 cos [(9,4870767ii)< — 9 A] + 

— 0,52 CO8[(9,>i407606 )« -- 9AJ + 

— 0,?0 COS [(0,228668a )e — 9 AJ + 
+ 0, 1 2 COS [(0,4302434 )« — 9 A] - 

— 0,1 2 C08[(0,:>673y44 )f — 9 A] + 
+ 0, 10 COS [(0,6714546 )•— 9 A] -*- 

— 0,03 COS [(0,7553 145 )e^- 9A] + 

— 0,01 COB [(0,8256236 )• — 9A] 



5A] — 0^09^8inr(0,2641549n> 

5A] — 5,34 sin [(9,9228281n)« 

5A] — 36^79 8in[(9,?l 16597 > 

5A] — 59,25 8in[(0,0655057 )« 

5 A] + 7,29 Bin [(0,33501 68 )« 

5A] - 1,53 6]n[(0,5000720 > 

5 A] + 0,04 sin [(0,r> 193857 )• 

5A] — 0,01 sin [(0,71 28855 > 

6A] + 0,01 sin[(0,3433371n)« 
6A] ^ 0,53 8in[(0,0808566n)« 
6 A] — 7,54 sin [(9,3 I09854n)« 
6A1 — 23,39 sin [(9,9005650 )• 
6A] -r 6,09 sin[(0,2541520 )a 
2,80 8in[(0,4464381 > 
0,81 8in[(0,5792533 )a 
0,06 sin [(0,68082 14 )« 
0,01 sin [(0,7630ft06 > 



-6A] + 



11 



0,33 8in[(9,7574547n)a 
2,l9sin[(9,6313654 )e 
1,97 sin [(0,1547047 > 
0,84 sin [(0,3«52348 > 
0,65 sin [(0,53503 10 )« 
0,25 sin [(0,6462000 > 
0,05 sin [(0,7346336 )< 

0,46 Bin [(9,9729045n)a 
2,52Bin[(8,78l6563 > 
5,16 sin [(0,0255038 )e 
0,37 sin [(0,3 139670)* 
0,17 sin [(0,4857900 > 



i> 



0,03 sin [(0,7041 920 ) 
0,02 sin [(0,7825073 )# 

0,03 sin [(0,1 1626 11n> 
0,35 Bin[(9,4870767n)a 
t,19 sin[(9,8407606 )< 
0,53 sin [(0,2286680 ) 
0,30 sln[(0,4302434 )a 
0,22 siB[(8,5673844 )e 
0,10 8in[(0,^7 14546 )t 
0,01 sin [(0,7553445 )< 



9 — 



* — 



5A] 
5A1 
5A] 
5A] 
5A] 
5A] 
5A] 
5A] 

6A1 
6A] 
6A] 
6A1 
6A] 
'6A[ 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 

7A] 
7A] 
7A] 
7A] 
7A1 
7A] 
7AJ 

8A] 
8A1 
8A] 
RA] 
8A] 

8A] 
-8A] 

9A] 
9A] 
9A] 
9A] 
9A] 
9A] 
9A] 
9A] 



>i 



59 



- 0«,03 C06[(9«8389t4te)«- 

- 0,15 COB [(9,^126887 > 

- 0,19 COB [(0,1284188 )#- 
+ ' 0,07 COB [(0,36653 37 >- 

- 0,05 cos [(0,52 1 8705 > 
+ 0,02 COB [(0,636046fi )#- 



- 0,08coe[(0,0177992ii>- 

- 0,65 cos [(8,621 5460n)« 
+ 1,49co8[(9,9814400 )•- 

- 0,06 cos [(0,2918491 > 
+ 0,06 COB [(0,471 0223 )• 
~ 0,05 COB [(0,5974938 )«- 
+ 0,04 COB [(0,6953209 >- 

- 0,01 COB [(0,7751 118 )«- 

+ 0,01 COS [(9,6 1 201 54n)«- 

+ 0,07 cos [(9,771 3952 )• 

+ 0,05 COB [(0,20 1 5950 )t- 

- 0,02 COB [(0,4134212 )•- 
-f 0,02 COB [(0,5551822 >- 

- 0,02 COB [(0,66188 1 2 )«- 
+ 0,02 bOB [(0,7474681 )t 

- 0,01 coB[(9,ai6933l )•- 



-JOA] - 0^oeriA[(9,82a9149n> 

10A] ^ 0,38 8ln[(9,5126897 > 

•10A] *- 0,428in[(0,1224138 )•- 

-lOA] + 0,14 Bin [(0,3665357 )t- 

-lOAJ — 0,12sln[(0,5218705 > 

lOA] + 0,10Biu[(0,6360468 >- 

— 0,06 sin [(0,7263688 >- 

+ 0,01 Bin [(0,801 1020 )«- 

• 1 1 A] — 0,03 sin [(0,0 1 77997n)f- 

11 A] — O,26Bff[(8,6215460n>- 

llA] — 0,59 8in[(9,9814400 >- 

It A] — 0,03 sin [(0,291849 1 >- 

11 A] + O,02sin[(0,47l0228 >- 

-11A) -- 0,02 Bin [(0,5974938 )«^ 

tlA] + 0,02 Bin [(0,6953209 )•■ 

11 A] — 0,02Bin[(0,7751118 >• 



» 



» 



+ 
+ 



0,17coB[(9,55152n> 
0,05 cos [(9,83421 )< 



0,01 C08[(0,56046n>- 

— 0,01 COB [(0,42073n)e- 

— 0,11 COB [(0,21343n>- 
-f- 0,35oos[(9,80255n>- 

— 0,07 cos [(9,56269 >- 

— 0.01 COB [(0,470 12n>- 
~ 0,04 COB [(0,29049n)«- 



-lOA] 
-lOA] 
-lOA] 
-lOA] 
-lOA] 
-lOA] 
-lOA] 
lOA] 

IIA] 
11A] 
-11A] 
-11 A] 
-11 A] 
-HA] 
-IIA] 
•llAJ 



-12A] 
12A1 - 
-12A] — 
12A] + 
.12A] - 
12A] + 
12A1 
•12AJ 



n 



0,01 Bin [(9,7713952 )«— 12A1 
0,02 sin [(0,201 5950 )t— 12A] 
0,01 sin [(0,4 1 3421 2 )t-12A] 
0,01 8in[(0,5551822 )«-12A] 
0,0l8in[(0,6618812 >-12A] 



+ 
- 0,03 COB [(0,0875277>-.13Al + 



+ 





+ 




+ 


B] 


+ 


B] 


+ 


2B] 




2B] 




26] 


— 


2B] 


+ 


2B] 


— 


3B] 


+ 


3B] 


+ 



0,02 Bin [(9,8488599>— 13 A] 
0,05rin[(0,0875277> — 13 A] 
0,01 rin[(0,3469953>- 13A] 
0,01 sin [(0,5082987)* — 13A] 
0,01 sin [(0,625404) « — 13A] 
0,01 Bin [(0,71 79438)* - 13A] 

0,01 8in[(0,36499n)« - B] 
0,16mn[(0,ll970n)«-B] 
0,04 Bin [(9,50 152n)«T-B] 
0,02 Bin [(9,83421 )• — B] 



n 



»> 



0,05 sin [(0,2 1343n)< 2BJ 
0,30 Bin[(9,80255n)«-2B] 
0,10 sin [(9,5 6269 )«-2B] 

0,01 sin[(0,470l2n)«— 3B1 
0,03 sin [(0,29049n)«- 3B] 



60 



^N^^^ />/%«^yVr 



+ 
+ 



+ 
+ 



0,84 cos |;(MR1I}0 )e-3B] 
0,07 oos[(0|0SOM >-3B] 

0,01 co8[(0,35590n)« -4B] 
0,03 cos[(0,1035dn)«-4B] 
0,01 cos[(9,43030n)«— 4B] 
0,01 cos [(9,86372 )«~4B1 

0,01 cosK0,41274ii)f-5BJ 
0,' 3cos[(0,20(»n)«-5B] 
0,08 cos K9,76840ii)t-5B] 
0,02 cosiC9,61630 >--3B] 

€^06 COS [(9,9661 8a> 6B] 
0,04 eoB[(8,e823S > - 6B] 



4- 
+ 
+ 
+ 



-C] + 



+ 



4- 
+ 



0,01 coB[(0,33202ii)t — C] 
0,42 oos{(0,0^99ani)f - C] 
3,tlcos[(9,170I5ii> — C] 
4,37 oe»{(9,93046 }« — C} 
0,16 006 [(0,267i»5 > — C] 
O^Oi oos[(Q,l5515 }0 ~ G] 

0,09 COS [(0,1 1258n)«--2C] 
0,^8 COS [(9,47 117ii>—2C] 
3^64 coft[(9,847^1 )#-2Gj 
1^0 OOB [(0^3149 )#^2C| 
0,02 eOB [(0,43208 )e^2CJ 

0,02 cos [(0,t5954n> -3C] 
0,27 oos [(9,647 2Sn>-3C] 
1,59co8[(9,745I6 >-3C] 
0,92 cos [(0,19204 )i»— 30} 
0,16 COS [(0,407 M )t-3CJ 
0,0! co8[(0,55097 )e*-3C] 

0,01 cos[(9,77221n)«-4C] 
0,04 cos[(9,61082 )<— 4C] 
0,10 cos [(0,1 4865 )«-4C] 
0,09 cos [(0,38189 )e 40] 
0,05 cos [(0,5325 J )e-50i 



^ O'',70 flfal[(«,978B4ti>^ 

+ 0,34 sin [(8,68120 )t 

4* 0,01 sin [(0,09031 > 

+ 0,02 sin [(0,35590n> 

+ 0,14 sin [(i),10358n)«- 

— 0,15 8m[(9,43030n)«- 
+ 0,02 sin [(9,86372 )•- 

-f 0,01 sin [(0,200 49ii> 

— 0,03 sin[(9,76840n)«- 
+ 0,01 sin[(9,6 1 630 )e- 

^ 0,01 8]ii[(0;fe8967B)«- 

+ 0,13 8iB{(9,956ian)a- 

^ 0,06 8io((d,98333 )e 

+ 0,0lB]a[(0,1098l )•• 



0,25m£(a,OM^93m)< 
0,57sia[(9,17015n)« 
3,79 sin [(9,03046 )< 
0,15fiiB[(0,26765 > 
0,01 sin [(0,455 15 > 



-SB] 

3B] 

-3B) 

4B] 
-4B1 
-4B1 
4B] 

-5B1 
-5B1 
-5B1 

-6B1 

-«B] 

6B] 

'6B] 

-CI 
-CI 
-CI 
-0} 
-CI 



+ 0,13 siA [(0,1 !»5ail>-2C] 

+■ 2,62 8in[(9,47M7n>#^^C] 

+ 13,46 sin[(9,84761 >-2C] 

4* 4,38ein[(0,23149 )t— 30] 

— 0,09 sin [(0,43302 )«— 20] 

+ 0,07sin[(9,64728n>-30] 

— 0,48 sin [(9,745 16 >-30] 

— 0,30 sin [(0,19204 V-30] 
+ 0,40 sin [(0,40768 )•— 30] 

— 0,01 8in[(0,5509T >— 30] 

~ 0,02 sin [(9,77221n)«- 40] 

— 0,tl8in[(9,6l082 V-40] 

— 0,19sin[(0,14865 )*-4C] 
\ 0,0& sin[(0,3Sl69 V - 40] 

-f 0,09 sin [(0,53253 )« - 40] 



j» 



0,01 cos [(9,41 529)« -50] 

0,03 cos [(0, 1 0043)e ^ 5CJ + 0,02 sin [(0, 1 004S)« - 50] 

0,01 cos [(0,354 15)* 50] - 0,02 sin [(0,35 4 15> - 5CJ 



61 



- 0^ot mmHOfiidU)* - 5C] + 0^01 •in[(a^l324)« -- 50] 
+ 0,Oloo|[((\fi:^»43)«-6C] „ 

- «,0I coi((0,0iei9> -- 6C] + 0,02 8in[(0,04619)t-6G] 



u 

COBi 



= —14^,37 — 0^9998 nt 

+ 63,76 Bin« 
+ 9,0806 ntsinc 
+ 0,61 i^in3t 

— 0,02 8in3« 

— 0,01 8in4« 

^ 0,01 9in[(0,^272998n)f 
+ 0,32 8m[CQ,3742789n}« 

- 8,17 8ij»IC0,1359081n)« 
— 15,75 8iiLK9,5651859xi)« • 
+16,68 dn [(9^01 1020 > 
+ 2,29 8ii&U0,2128693 )« 

— 0,l5 8ia[(0,i203784 )« 
+ 0,03 sin [(0,5602 128 )« . 



+ 33,28' COB « 

— 3,6728 ntcQSe 
-f 0,81 co92< 

— 0,11 Q0S3« 
4- 0,01 cos 4c 

A] + 0,02 CQ9[(a,5272998B> 

A] -^ O,UcQS[C0,3742789n)t 

A] + 2,17co|K0,135Si081ii> 

A] + 8,74 cos [(9,565 lb$9ii)« 

A] --12,88 co8[(9,801 1020 )t 

A] — 6,44 cos [(0,2128693 )t 

A] "[ 0,53 cos [(0,4203784 > 

A] — 0,02 cos [(0,5602 128 )a 



+ 0,01 sia[(0,5722766n> - 2A] 

— 0^09 sis[(0,4369382]i)t ^ 2A] 
+ 1,51 sin [(0,2392691tt)« — 2 A] 
4-25,35 sia[(9,8662228n)e - 2 A] 
-^18,68 8m[(9,4234438 )«--2A] 
^16,66 8in[(0^10il320 )t--2Al 
+ l,348m[C9,35509l4 >-2A] 

— 0,14 sin [(0,5 138993 )• — 2A] 
+ 0,01 sixi[(0,6299313 )< -• 2A] 

4- 0,0t 8m[(0,4916864ii)« - 3A] 
-* 0,06 8in[(0,3226985ii> — 3A] 
+ 1,74 sin [(0,0423072n)e 3A] 
+ 6,68 sin [(9,0099554n)« - 3A] 
-23,13 Bin[(9,9531221 )• - 3A] 

— 1,52 sin [(0,2782233 >-3A] 
+ 0,43 8in[(0,4620506 )« - SA] 

— 0,04 sin [(0,5908063 )«-*-3A] 

.— 0,01 Bin[(o,3926545n)* — 4A1 
+ 0,43 8in[(0,i672459n)« - 4 A] 
+ 2,97 sin [(9,67 18739n)t 4 A] 

— 4,278fai[(9,7244736 )« — 4A] 

— 1,74 Sin [(0,1847596 )« — 4A[ 



-* 0,0icos[(O,4369382n)t 
+ 0,75 cos[(0,2392691n)« 
4-13,39 co8[(9,8662228n)« 
-~ 10,08 cos [(9,4234438 )• 

- I,72co8[(0,1021d20 )< 

- 0,71 cos [(0,3550914 )< 
4- 0,07 cos [(0,5 138093 )• 
4- 0,01 cos [(0,62993 13 )c 

; 0,01 COB [(0,49 16864n> 
^ 0,21 COB [(0,S226985b)< 
—16,00 cos[(0,0423072n)t 
+17.36 co8[(9,0099554n)ff 
-57,10 COS [(9,953 1 221 > 

- 1,56 cos [(0,2782233 > 
+ 0,11 cos [(0,4620i>06 )t 

— 0,02co8[(0,6908063 )• 

+ 0,03 cos [(0,3926545n> 

— 0,59 cos [(0,l672459n)< 

— 3,63co8[(9,67l8739n> 
+ 3,14 COS [(9,7344736 )t 
+ 4,96 cos[(0,1847596 > 



-A] 
A] 

' A] 
-A] 
-A] 
•A] 
•A] 
•A] 

2A] 
2A] 
2A] 
2A] 
2A] 
2A] 
2A] 
2A[ 

3A] 
3A] 
3A] 
3A] 
3A] 
3A] 
3A] 
3A] 

4A] 
4A] 
4A] 
4A] 

*A1 



6!i 



-0^04 8b[(0,4O816!9 > 
+ 0,08 sill [(0,54V8044 > 

— 0,09 sin [(0,2641 549n)« 

— 3,01 8m[(9,9228381n> 

— 0,13 8in[(9,2116597.> 
+10,24 sin [(0,0655057 )« 

— 0,95 sin [(0,33501 68 > 
+ 0,11 sin [(0,5000720 > 

— 0,01 8in[(0,6193857 )«. 

-f 0,0lBin[(0,3433371n)«- 

— 0,37 sin [(0,08O8566n)« 

— 0,92 sin [(9,3109854n)« 
-f 2,36 Sin [(9,9005650 )< 
4- 0,91 sb [(0,2541520 )• 

— 0,33 sin [(0,446438 1 )« 
+ 0,06 sin [(0,5792533 )• 

— 0,01 sili[(0,6808214 )« 

+ 0,01 sin [(0,1 964739n)« 

— 0,01 sin [(9,7574547n)e 
+ 0,03 sin [(9,^313654 )< 

— 0,02 sin [(0,1547047 )« 
+ 0,08 sin [(0,3852348 y 
-^ 0,07 sin [(0,5350310 )< 
+ 0,03 sin [(0,6462000 )« 

+ 0,34 sin [(9,9729045n)« 
+ 0,32 sin [(8,7816563 )• 

— 1,97 sin [(0,0255038 > 
+ 0,14 sin[(0,3139670 )« 
-^ 0,05 8in [(0,4857900 )« 



4A] 
•4LA1 

5A] 
5A] 

5A] 
5A] 
5A] 
5A] 
5A] 

6 A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 
6A] 

7A1 
7A] 
7A] 

7 A] 
7A] 
7A] 

.7A] 

8A] 
8A] 
8A] 
.8A] 
8A] 



— "0,57 cos [(0,408 1619 )• — 4A] 
+ 0,12eo8[(0,M78044 >->4A] 
-^ 0,01 eo8{(0,656 1314 > -4A] 

+ 0,02 cos[(0,264i549n)« — 5A1 
+ 0,14 cos [(9,9229281a> — 5 A] 
+ 0,36 cos [(9,21 16597 > — 5A] 

— 1,81 cos [(0,0655057 )«— 5A] 
+ 0,54 cos [(0,3350168 )• — 5A] 

— 0,14 cos [(0,5000720 > - 5A] 
+ 0,05 COB [(0,6193857 > — 5A] 

+ 0,01 cos[(0,343i371n)t — 6A] 

— 0,32 cos [(0,0808566n> — 6A] 

— 0,95 co8[(9,3109854n)f - 6A] 
+ 2,43 co8[(9,9005650 )• — 6A] 
+ 0,58 cos [(0,2541 520 >- 6 A] 

— 0,07 cos [(0,4464381 > - 6A] 

— 0,01 cos [(0,5792533 )« — 6A] 
+ 0,01 cos [(0,6808214 > — 6A1 

+ 0,04 cos[(0,l964739n)« - 7 A] 
+ 0,36 cos [(9,7574547n> — 7A] 

— 0,33 008 [(9,63 13654 )• — 7A] 

— 0,94 cos [(0,1 547047 )t — 7A] 
+ 0,29 cos [(0,3853348 > — 7A] 

— 0,09 cos [(0,5350310 )• — 7A] 
•f 0,01 cos [(0,6462000 > — 7A] 

— 0,37 cos [(9,9729045n> — 8Al 

— 0,26 cos [(8,7816563 >~8A] 
+ 1,66 cos [(0,0255038 )• — 8A] 

— 0,16 cos[(0,3139670 > — 8A] 
•f 0,09 cos [(0,4857900 )« — 8A] 

— 0,04 cos [(0,6085777 )• — 8A] 
+ 0,01 cos[(0,7041920 )• - 8A] 



+ 0,03 sin [(0,1 16361 ln)« 
+ 0,08sin[(9,4870767n)« 

— 0,16sin[(9,8407606 )• 

— 0,13 sin [(0,2286680 > 
+ 0,07 sin [(0,4302434 )t 

— 0,04 sin[(0,5673844 )« 
+ 0,01 siu [(0,67 14546 )• 

^ 0,01 8in[(9,8289149n>- 
+ 0,01 Bin[(9,5126897 )«^ 



-9A] 

— 9A] 

— 9 A] 

— 9 A] 

-•A] 
-9 A) 
-9A] 

-lOAl 
-lOA] 



^ 0,03 cos [(9,8407606 )«-- 9A] 
^ 0,01 cos [(0,2386680 )t~.9A] 

— 0,01 cos [(0,4302434 )• — 9 A] 
+ 0,02 cos [(0,5673844 )* — 9A} 

— 0,01 cos [(0,6714546 )« - 9A] 

-* 0,03oos[(9,8289149n>-10Al 
+ 0,05 008 [(9,$ 126897 )e-10A] 



63 



4-0'',06 BiiiK0,12a4138 >*10A] -H>'',0»00B[(0,ia2413a )t<-10A] 

— 0,03 ain [(0,3665357 )t-10A] — 0,03 cos [(0,3665357 )«-10A] 
+ 0,02 am [(0,521 8705 )«-10A] + 0,0) cos [(0,52 18705 > lOA] 

— 0,02 sm|(0,6360468 )«--10A] -- 0,01 cos [(0,6360468 >-10A] 
-h 0,01 sin [(0,7263688 >--10A] 

— 0,01 sin[(0,0177999n>--llA] — 0^056OB[(0,0177992n)«-llAl 
+ 0,01 sm[(8,62i5460iO«-llA] — O,07cos[(8,6215460ik>-11A] 
-f 0,058in[(9,9814400 )t— llA] + 0,27 cos [(9,98 1 4400 >— UA] 

+ 0,02 OM[(0,2918491 >-llA] 
— 0,0aco8[(0,4710123 >-llAl 
+ 0,01 COB [(0,6974938 )t~llA] 

+ 0,02 8m[(0,11970n)« - B] + 0,01 coB[(0,11970n)« — B] 

— 0,02 sin [(9,50152n)« — B] 

— 0,01 sin [(9,83 421 >-.B] 



w 



» 



~ 0,02 sin l(9,80255n)« 

— 0,01 sin[(9,56269 )e- 

+ 0,07 sin[(9,97864n)t« 

— 0,02 sin [(8,68120 > 
+ 0,01 sin [(0,02036 > 

— 0,01 sin [(0,10358n)«- 
+ 0,01 sin [(9,43030n)e- 

— 0,13 sin [(0,05993n)« 

— 0,10 sin [(9,17015n)f 
+ 0,32 sin [(9,93046 )« 
+ 0,07 sin [(0,26765 > 

— 0,01 8in[(0,45515 )« 



>2B] 
2B] 

-3B] 
-3B] 
-3B] 

.4B] 
-4B] 

-CJ 
-C] 
-C] 
-C] 
-C[ 



+ 0,02 cos [(9,83421 )« • BJ 

+ 0,01 C08[(0,2t343n>— 2B] 
^ 0,02 cos [(9,80a55n)ff-^2B] 



n 



— 0,1 1 cos[(9,97864n)«— 3B] 
+ 0,01 cos [(8,68120 )a-3B] 
+ 0,03 cos [(0,02036 )«-3B] 



+ 0,08 sin [(0, 1 1 258n)« - 2C] 
+ 0,31 sin[(9,47117n>— 2C] 

— 0,64 sin [(9,84761 )e-2C] 

— 0,06 sin [(0,23149 )«-2C] 
+ 0,01 sin [(0,43202 >'2C] 



- 0,03 sin [(9,64728n)c 
+ 0.0 J sin[(9,74516 )f - 
+ 0,11 sin[(0,19204 )«- 

— 0,01 sin [(0,4075b )•• 

+ 0,01 sin [(9,61082 )t- 



■3C] 

3C] 
■3C] 
-3C] 

40] 



f) 



+ 0,01 sin [(0,38169 )t— 4C] 



— 0,24 cos[(0,05993n)« — CJ 
+ 0,23 C08[(9,170l5n> — CJ 

— 0,42 COS [(9,93046 )• — CJ 

— 0,03 cos [(0,26765 )• — CJ 

— 0,06 cos [(0,11258n>-2CJ 

— 0,35co8[(9,47117n>-2CJ 
+ 0,77 cos [(9,84761 )«-2CJ 
+ 0,05 cos [(0,23149 )«~2CJ 

— 0,01 cos [(0,15954n>-3CJ 

— 0,05 cos [(9,64728n>-3CJ 
+ 0,09cos[(9,74516 )«-3CJ 

0,02 cos [(0,19204 )e-3CJ 

— 0,01 cos [(9,61082 )f— 4Cj 

— 0,03 cos [(0,1 4865 >-4CJ 
+ 0,01 cos [(0,38169 )«-4CJ 



64 
FA^ qHCjra, nocTaBieHHiifi n cRoCsai'L (), cyn jorapHemi; 

A = 127« 35' 42^,1 
B = 89* 4» 9,8 
C = 60« 34' 42",? 

9ieii6HTii uaHeTU lOflOHU, Heo6xo]iHnie J^MM Bimcie- 
Hifl et reonteHTpiraecRaro noiosem, cyiB cjifiAyn^i^- 

Cpexaee lannBie n zz 814'',08953 

dnon 58* 40^ 49'',3| CpexB. panHo/dB. 

AojTon nepire* > 1861 r. Hoa6pj[ 

jU 54* d' 3,3 I 21«,0vp.rpHHB Bp. 

AojTora Boczo- 

Aomaro 79jU 170* 59' 49'',7 

HaXlOBBOCTBOTB. 

aKiHnxmai . . 13* f 58,8 

yrOA, l|0TOptfO 
CBEJffb paBCBl 

asciieBTpBCH- 

Tery I4«47'14V 



SAM^^BHHBIfl OnE^ATRH. 



CiPAB. 


Oiroi. 


BAmnATAHO 


M,01MB0 MhOb 




4 vb Bepzf 


TeopvyMBuai 


TeoperaxaiiB 




3 vb H137' 


ootajS' 


eo«2«' 




1 n v^xy 


r'[ 


r''{[ 




4 « » 


i KOHHk DponymeBo 


} 




9 





(0- 




4 e-B uiy 


r 


r* 






J 


A 




1 e% usy 


T 


t 






J 


A 




3 01 Bepzy 


vb HMCJoneA npoDymeao 


ncn) 




5 


u» 


u-1 




8 , 1 


» vicjHTejit nponymeao 


n(n) 




3 vb vmj 


(FFO-'"+^ 


^,p(2ii+ 1) 




1 cb Bepzy 


r 


r* 






J 


A 




m • 


^pp,p2n+l 


ppp^-(2n+l) 




4 €% iniy 


r 


r' 






J 


d 




S ch Bepzy 


^-(m-/-2/+«»+4g) 


^«(m-.2i-2/+2ii+4g) 




3 c% Bepzy 


n{4)n(2n-4) 


0(2)0(211-2) 




4 


n(8)D(2n -8) 


n(4)n(2n— 4) 


to 


4 


r 


r- 






J 


\A 

1 




« 


r 


r' 






J 


A 




11 


r 


r' 




• 


~i 


il 




5 C% BH3y 


r 


r' 






J 


A 




1 Vb UMTf 


ea BOHHk nponynieBo 


= T' 




11 eB Bepzy n— {in-«/-2Z-Hg) 


Um-2/-2H^ 




13 


^-.2(iii-«-.2/+4g) 


lim-2/-2/+4g 




1 c% Hzay 


r 


r* 






J 


J 




1 vb Bepzy 


T 


r' 






A 


A 




3 


T 


r' 






4 


4 



n 



CTPAH. CtPOK. BAnS^TAHO 

, 9 c* Bepxy ||-(m— 2/-2H-4g) 

H~Cin-2i-2/+4g) 



22 



26 
44 
51 

53 

m 

n 
» 

57 
n 

n 
II 

61 

« 64 



10 



13 c* Bepxy n— (m— 2 /— 2g0 

U~(2in- 2/-2g') 



B 

5 Cb HB3y 

5 <rB HHsy 
5 crb Bep3cy 

2 ci Bepxy 

3. 

5 c% Bepxy 

■ » 

1 

3 
4 



5 



• 



r 

g-2n+! 
^— 2n+l 

2 






- X 



2(,ja.'+7y '+zz') 

w^9 



AOIXHO Eun 
Qm-2 /— 2i+4g 

jjm_2/_2i+4g 

llin-2/-ar 
A 

2a(xx'+yy'+zz') 

— .■III ■*! 1 ^ 



875,01 

2,00749 
- 0,13242 
0,77738 
2v 
— 0",5296 1 
2,07524 
2,92 
63,76 

efi 



i&f-ft)T?)i \^-:fw^\ 



874,95 

2,00747 
-0,13240 
0,77742 
2v 
-0",52958 
-2,07506 
2,54 
63,78 

Cil. 



JtKllElHbll! PBIHOK^ 



B'B pooom 



on 1700 40 1762 104a. 



M. HATilAEBCKArO 



u 



ill 



t.5 



< • 



BBeAOEde. 



f >^»XV/' ^^ 



HcTopH^ecRifl H3CJ[tA0Ranifl b'l oSjiacTH BROHOMnqecsotl 
SB3HH HSBtcTHaro Hapo^a npej^cTasJiflioTC}! a'^^jiom'l BecbMa ne 
jerRHMx. SaROHbi, ynpaejiflioii^ie 9ROH0HHiiecROH) sn^Hiio, raRi 
pa3HOo6pa3HU, flBJenifl TaKi> cjoshm, qro, ne roBopa yse o 
TpfpocTH nno^a A^SuTb iicTopH«iecRit( HBTepiaji'L, canraa no- 

BtpRa CB^AtHifi H BUGopi ^BRTOBli npeACTaBJtflioT^ Sojibiuifl 

aaTpYAHeniH , AonycRaiorL npoBBBOJiii n bi 0R0H^IaTeJ[bHu:x^ 
BUBoji[ax'B Horyrb npeACTan.TffTb nnorAa opn jnmL AorapH, 
npeAnoJoaceHin h ^lacTO caMua pasHoptiinBUH ncTOJiKOBania. -^ 
Sai^aqa t6ii% 6oJite ycjiOKnaeTca^ ^to caMuit BuSop^ MerOAa 
nacji^AOBaHiff MoaRen> npe^CTaBJiflTb coMHtHia. 

Ho RaRX FTH paSHOOSpaSHU HBJeHia dROnOMIIMeCROfi SRHBHIf, 

H Rasi HH cjioacHU saROHU, ynpaB.iffH)ii^ie bthmh flBJreHiflMii, 
Bce »e Bi ocHOBamii CBoeMX ohh BLiTCBaioTi yA% oSiit^uejio- 
BtqecRoft npHpoAbi, a iioTOMy h camn aojishu npeACTaajraTL 
MHoro oSii^aro. Ha 9Tomi> ocHOBaniH, BcaRifl cosrirbiiia otho- 

CHTejILHO B03M0SH0CTH A06mTB HCTOpOTeCKyiO HCTHHy ll B^ 
BTOtt C^epi^ AOJISHU HMl&Th CBOH HpeA^JU. 

dROHOMH^iecRafl nayRa, ne CHOTpa Ha HeBOSMottHOCTL dR- 
cnepHHenxa, ROTopuMX oaa Mor.ia 6u iipoBtpfliL cboh oSu^ia 
saRjuo^enia , ycntJia oahbro »c^ nyieH'b aHajaaa SROHONHqc- 
cRHxi» RBJieiiiB HacTOfln^ett h npomeAineft srshr HapoAOBi>, bu* 

BeCTH U3B'&CTHUe 3aR0HU , oSl^ie A<BR BROHOITHqeCROfl SH3HH 



— 68 ^ 

Rcixi BpeKeH'L n napoxoBi. GjtxoBaTejibHO, nayKa 9Ta aojshh 
cjysHTb JiymniisTb pyROBopTejreM'L npn pasi.flCHeniH HCTopii- 
qecRHX'b oaKTOBi 9R0H0MHqecB0it SH3HH ^ OHa Moserb yKasaTb 
Ha sHaqenie u CBHSb OTA'i&jibHUxi> fisjeHift, na hxi BsaHMo- 
A^ficTBie, H jiflme wb coHHHiejibHUXi cjy^iaflxi, npH He^o- 

CTBTB'b ^aSTH^fCKHXl OtVWWlM^ .Wft^Tb CBasaTB, ^TO AOJSHO 

6ujio 6hLThj H qero ne homo Gmtb bi a^uhog BpeMfl, npn 
AaHHUxi ycjiOBJHxi. 

IIpaBAa, qTo oSiqie BROHOMMecKie BasoHM, ROTopue a^cti 
HBMi HayBa Bb.Hacxoflqee BpeiiB, ne jipeACTasjaioTi Bcerxa 
BaEonqeHHUx'b buboaobi, h HanpoTHoi*; b'b cbmuxx ochobhuxi 
CBOiixi nojoiKeHiflxi, buboau am HBJifliOTCfl bo HHorHX'B ciy- 
qaflxi cnopHUMH, AonycRaioT'B coMH^nifl, a HHorAa h noauoe 
OTpiinaHie, - cj[1^A0BaTej[bH0, b caMB HysAstEOTca b-l noBi^pFt 
H paBBHTiH. Ttwb ne Mente oAnaRO me^ rbk^ 6y hh ouja 
HecoBepineHHa eii^e HayKa, h EaEi 6u bh Oujih niaxRH 3aK0flBi. 
ycTBHOBJieHHbie eio, oiRaauBaTbCfl ox'b pyf^OBOACiBa btoio Ray- 

KOK) H efl aaROHaMH, npH paSCMOXptHiH dBOHOHineCEHXl HBJieilifi 

SHBHK, BBa^HJO 5bi, UJiu caMocxoflxejibHO 6paxbCfl 3a cosHAaHie 
HOBotl HayKH , HJiH HanepeA^ oxRasuBaxbca coBepmeHHO on 

nOHHMaHJfl dROHOVHHeCUHX'b HBJeHifi H B03HOSaOCXH HafiXH Bl 
HRXl CBfl3b H KBEO^ HH6yAb oSn^fi CMUCJli. 

» • - • * 

Iloaxoiiy, 3aAaqa HCxopiiRa-BBpHpMHGxa a^^^h^ cocxoflTb 

no Rameiiy MH'bHiH) bi xoifb^ qxo6u npn ^OHO^^I oOo^hxi sa* 

• • • 

RonoBi. BuaeAeHHUxi dEOHOMHqecROK) HayROK), npoaHajTHSHpo 
BftTb avoHOJiHqecRifl flBJienifl B'b HsSpaHHufl nepioA'b npeMeflH, 
noRasaxb saEOHbr, Eoxopbie ynpaBJifljiH bxhmh BBjeHiHMH h saa- 
qeHie x'j^xi ycjoaifi^ cpeAH Eoxopuxii ohh. A^cxBOBajH. 

9x0 eAHHcxBeHHFafl nyxb AocxHrsyxb HCXopH^ecEaro noHH- 
MaHiR aEOHOMHuecEoit SH3H0 BT> AAHHyK) dHoxy, a xBEse iyq 
mitt HexoAi A^fl noatpEH h pasBBxia caMott nayEB. 

Uai MacpJbi oxpfjBoqnuxb h pa3HoptMBBU&b cBJ^A'^aitt, co- 



-^ 69 ^- 

cTafi.ffliDii^ifxi noRa MaTepiajTL hau ucTopiH brohomhvbcroS 
»H3Bu Pocciu B% nepsyiD nojioBHuy XVIIi Bisa, TpyAHo uy- 
TeiHx oAHOTo anajHsa bub€Cth Kaiia raftyAb o6iu!h 3aKJ[iAueui&. 
Ot^oBi^aitBRMe iiCTOMEBRii (HOJiHoe coftpanie aaisoHOVb), xeyra 
pioTii jiyqiinM MatepiaJii, ho Tt cS'&Ai^Hifl, KOTopua mosho 
«3fije^b 1131 Hiixi, CRopte npe^cTaBJiffioTi ^aAa^H a<sh paspft- 
uieaifl, ^Mi> pa:nHCHHH)Ti canoe a^jo. — CBcreMaTHqecRHxi 
nscjtAOBamft BecbMa Majio, u Tt ooHOBaau, hjh aa ooMi^iaJib^^ 
HuiLx CB'6A'^Hiflx^, Cojr'biiieH) qacTiio orpuBO^RMXi, uh ate aa 
CB%A^HiflXi>) cooOii^aemuixii HHOCTpanuaMH, ae BcerAa Bipauxi. 

Hea^y TtBtB^ ci XYIII b^romi na^Raaerca aosaa acHsab 
m Poccia, He TOJibRO b^ nojiRTH«iecROH'b, coiiliajibBOMi a ym^ 
cTfieuHoirb, aa a bi »R0H0MH«iecK0Brb oTHomeaia. Maoroe hb'b 
aKOHOMH^ecaofi wHaaa aacToaqaro BpeMeaa seAerb CBoe aa- 
Hajio, ycn'bjio jifiime Bnojiat cjiosHibca yiae a^ npdaiJioiirb 
BtRt; Taai mo no OAHOMy BJiiaaiiD aa coBpeMeaayK) afaaAb, 
H3cjiA0BaHie mmrvTb ciopoaii aRoaoMH^ecaott saaan apoffl- 
jaro Btaa npeACTaa^aerb ataaotl aatepecb. ^ 

K'b vacjiy TaRax^ cTopoH'b aR0HOMi<ieoKotl saaaa aacroa-' 
ii<aro apeMeau, aoTopua 5epyT'b cBoe aftuajro a'b a]^mjiaMi> 
BtRt^ a RT» aaCToaa^ee apeua upeACtaBJtamrb Tojfbao niih* 
Htfimee pasBatie npouiJiaro, aecoMaiaao n/^HaaAiesarb a npex^ 
Men aacTOH^^aro aacjrfiAOBaaia. 

HcTopifl pyccaofi A^Hesaoil cacreHU B'b oepayio irojidBBay' 
XVIU B'bRa cocTdBJiaeTi nepabift nepioAi» acTopia A^HeiiaoS 
CHCTeMM, cya^ecTByionieft ao aacToamaro apeMeaa. 

Gi Hexpa Uejaaaro Moaexabe ji^kM wb PocciH A^^aeTca 

ft 

cTporoH) apaBRTejibci^eHaoH) perajleio, aBJiaeTCH aoaaa H6aeT- 
aaa eAIIaH^a, — cepefipaHHHft pySjib, H aii AettejKayiD cacteMy 
^BOAaTca H^AHua A^^i*!^? Kaab padMiaaaa Moaeia. 

fici^ npeo6paBOBaaifl Ilerpa Bejaaaro bi o6a](ecTBeaaofi 
%H3HH PoGcia 6ujia TaRi> BOBU, TdR^ Majio aatoARJia ycAOBitt 



— 70 — 

A4ft CBoero cyii(ecTBOBaflifli hto tojibko npH aocToaHBott m aiiep* 
rH^ecjeoit noAAepsxi po oropoHU npaBHTOJbCTBa , uq£M npo- 

HHKayTB Bl» SH^b, OipJ^HIiyTb 11 J^tTb BOBUjt CTpoM SH3BH 

Uftj^ro Hsipivia. IIodToiiy, cl Ilexpa Bejuaaio npaBirrejiiCTBo 
Ai^aeica r^aBHUMi* pyKOBOABTejieMi o6inecTB6Biiaro h bbobo- 
MimecKaro pasBiiTifl PocciH h Tasoe we siiaqeiiie yAepftHBaerb 
3a C06010 H nocj'lb, ue cHOTpa Ha cja6ocTb uwui'l chji 
nepBUXi> npeeiiHHBOB'b Heipa. EcTecTBeHHo, ^to, npn npeofipa- 
aoBauiflXJ* h HOBUiib aaxaqaxi, BuaojHeHie KOTopuxi Gpajio 
Ha oefifl HpaBHTejibCTBo, yBejHHHjiHCb roGyAapcTBeHHUH^noTpeo- 
HOCTH,. — jsaBHa nepBaa nouyacTBOBaaa HeodxoAUMocTb Kb Oojite 
uiHpoBOMb paaBHTiH AeHoasHaro xoaaflcTBa. IlpH HeAOcraTct 
3iaTe[ttaabHHX'b cpeACTBi*, npu Ttxi Bosap'bHJHX'b hb HOHeTuoe 
H%to y KOTopuH oyiHecTBOBa JH Bi TorAaiHHeft fiaponib , HeyAH- 
QHieJbHO) y^a 3.ioyuoTpe6jefiiH MOHeToio 5ujih HeBB6:&SHM, u 
qja HQTopia Aeaeri bi PocoIh flpeACTaBJHexi cKopl^ Hcropiio 
aaoynoTpefijeuift cHa^aja MOHeTOJO, a hotomii KpeARTonb. 

yaxe npH Ilexp'b BejiiHONi npaaHieabCTBO nojbaoBaJocb 
M9iit)TjiMo . porajiieio, jsax'b HCT04HiiR0irb rocyAapcTB6HHlllx^ ao* 

X0A€iB1> jifM IIOBpUTia A^HMUTOBb^ HO BCft 3J[OyflOTpe6j[eHifl, 

£0X0^111 fiOABepraaacb MOHeiHaa CHCxeMa bb paacMaTpHBaeiiuft 
H2)MH ; nepiaA'b^ orpaimvHBajuiab no npeHMyipecTBy noHHseHieMb 
AOCTOHHCTBa MOHeTHofi eAHHHi^M. KpeAHTOMi> »e, opH Bunycrb 
Mi^AHb^'b A^Her'b^ npaBHTeju>CTB<i nojbsoBajiocb CHaMajia ci 
6pjbpioio yMl^peuHOCTJiO) xoth yse bi> caNott MOHexHoii CMCxeMt 
H E% cjiaSom paaBHxiH asoHOHHqecsHxi chji i^aro napoAa 
ii^sajfi aapo^^HUfH A^J^^HlbituiHrb sjoynoxpeOjieHiit. 

Gil 4762 roAa Ha^HBaexcfl HOBuft fl6pioAi» pycciott nd- 
HesDptt CHcxeMbi^ upoAOJisaiou^iilcH pfi Hacxoflutaro BpeMeaM. 
Ci caiaro Haqajia i^apcxHOBaflifl ERaxepHHM 11 ycxanaBJu- 
Baexcfl OKOH^iaxejibHO MoaexHafl eAUHHi^a, cyqecxBynii^afl no4TH 
6e9rb nepeNfi^H ffi Hacxoan^aro BpcMeHH, h H«4HBaiDTCfl uo- 



- 71 - 

ynoTpe6ienfl ' ifexiTOini ) ohewu noopexoTBoirb ^mjfmm^ 
MtxHai HOHeiu, a BQio|rb nonom h aooHTHawik 

GofTOfliiie A^^^Haro jMiHRa b% Poecii oti 1700 so 1762 
roxa , wb napiuji nepio/rb HciopiH cyiqecTDyioiqei mni^ a^- 
HeaBMJt CHGT€MU^ coGTauveTi npeAneinb HacTMiMuro aaoxliAO' 
Baaitf. TiSaBHOi) saAawn, npH mcjAAoaaHiH A^nMiBaFo puna' 
HUBOTca paspiflieaie BO|ipoca o n!biiBocn fifittew Wh fsoh 
cMaTpHBaeMytt uepie^i. 

OTHOcHxeibHo eo6paBifl MaTepiajioBi h paapaAoTBM acvopiif 
jeaesBott GHeTema XYill fii^Ra, hki iirbepii Boebiia .aaiift^aTejb- 
Hue vpYAU fi^KOTopun BicaTiviefi;, aaa^ Illiieqepa, F. IDTOpxa,' 
fliso6a, IHoxyapa) JlaiiaBCHaro, BpHBHepau aP» B^^i^X^Pfl mohM' 
TpyABHi dTixi nHoaiejeit, co6paflo mhofo larepMioffB, pasi&uc* 
HeHu MHOiie aasHue Bonpocu uo Hciopii AQHePb b% Pooew. 

OpH HSMseain cocraflflifl A^Baiaaro puuBa Wb Pooeui orb 
1700 no 1762 rofia, mu BCTptqaeiiii saTpyAaeflui) ae OMXbao ' 
Bi> HOAOCTaTKi MaiFepiaioBi no HoropiH. tA^^Heauofl' cbctoiu 
BooOiue, oiojnuKo bi aenoaflOTii AUiHuxb am peBpftaieaia Bonpoca 
i^taaocTH fleierb bi 06o6eiH0mi: Oiuuiaa wcTbiaacvitiA^'^^' 
BaTejett pyccKofi A^ii^^Hott CHCTeMU b'b paaeaarrpiiBaeHitfi aaiia:^ 
uepioAi) Hjur HBJo o6paqaaH BBiiianiH na pfeuiane ototd bo- 
npoca, HJB me xaH)n pfbuieBia, oo Hameiy mqAhIio, m Biij^Huif. 

Fjaqaoio npimaHOR) aeBftpuoMS ptoeaitl ho ' Bonpoey o ' 
^fcBHocTv nenen^ Btb pascnaTpHBceMiitt aaiiH nepioAi*, HBJia«tofl < 
UBBipHocTb oanro neroAa a3CJ!(tiA<'BaBiH. 

&!» aKoamtHtieGRoll ahshh BCBKaro paBBirfaro Haptf^a 
BpaAi* M BaflAc^TCH Apyraa enopofla 6oji^e KocHonojiiiTH<iecRttfl;' 
»6Bbuie aafiMau^aa* orrb oaimxi MicTBMX^ yejioaM, mt% h%e- 
HOCTb Aoaeri. MeiiAy rbMi,* HBCJi'bAOBaTeiir A^H^rsHaro pbiHBa' 
Bi PoGcia , Bi nepay to flojroBHHy flpouijaro B^bea , ae o$pa- 
inmn^ novm Bnaaaoro BHBMauiH ea eocTOHBie i^tHUocTii a^- 
wn wh Apyrax'ir CTpanaxx: HaoiHpoBa&uiH tafiiKb o6pff30Mi> 



- 72 - 

Pfceni pHHon, 6aBepmeHHft;nponBOjibBD aaGiipeion Mnu h 
eni^uiaTB BUBOAHTib saMHiueHifl^H HOTopHueciH ueBlbpHUi, m ha;- 
WfM Wb paapte'b cbociioBniiHi oojomiiHHH BiDioiiHqeosofl Haysii. 

£CH aiiaiB81»' OTAtlbRHXl OaKTOBl H flBJCOiiit BEOHOMH- 

^eciQfl SHdifl MasBTb BecTH Kh nofluaiiiD o6miarb bkowkmh- 
^ewiixi> $aKWiMi» H ABuercfl Jiywum MfftojfjM-b f,iE no- 
BtpiKH ^niiixib noMsefliit caNoll Haymi, to, DpH pasiaciieaiH 

HCTOpHUeCKOfi SHSHH, OAHHli dTOri* MeTOA'b MBJflefCfl BecbHa 

mnpont^Hfmm. UenojBoxa mitob^^ imraeMosBOOTb nai^pKH 
HXfv M MOBepueiiTa, npencfaBiflHrrb Taiie n|H)6!bJU hm npa- 
BUhaarb BuBe^ewB saBJUoqeBtt h ADnycnH)rb TaKott upoaa- 

BM1> Bl^ BOTOIBOBafllH OTA'bJbHUl^ flBJieHlfi, 4T0 6691 Ctponi&'b 

rpaampi, yaawBaemurb flayxo» mosbo npiflTH rb canuai 

: Bmh BMeay Bonp#cu, pftuioRie Koropun moserb neflbme 
Bcer9 ' iipejiCTaB JBTb ooMBiflifi , aaTeHHflioTca h nojiyMaioTb 
MBOTo aaiiua upeapaTBUH BOTOJKOBaflia. Taxi, ae roBopa yxe 
i^'baBBCVR x^erb Boo6qo, jiaae BOflpooi o lOBeTRoi ejui- 
BHiit wbi ?9Gm wb lYIIl BhtA apeAeTaBiaerea ffo caxi Qopi 

B0 BflOIB!l> BttaCHCWiUM'b. 

' Qacarejuii* aaHHMaBUiiecfl aacJi'fcxoBaBieM'b mmerb Bb Poccia 
wh VfM BtfeKft, apaxoABTb Oajbuieio uacm wb touj 3au»- 
M6BiiB> ;«n!o NOH6TfiOio eABiHii^io xoTfl B Ouj'b oepeSpflHuil 
VY^*^y BO flpaBBTejibCTBa;) OiiaroAapa BdUBxy Ha aofleTBoe 
Atjo, KBRi Ha Jiyquiitt HOTO^uaab rooy^^poTBeaBUX'b aoxoaobi, 
BHoyiQiNBiio jTb o6pafl(efiie M'bxayio Moaery B'b qpeaicbpHoa b 

KCMmoeCVBft^ Ob BUBySA^HHUHl) lypOOBTb^ 06pe6pO BCjfiAOTBie 

BT»io BHTl^CMaoeb m-b o^paaieaia h atAaafl MoaeTa, ocra- 
Baaab. eAaacTaeafleio aoaefoa) bb puHRft, A^^MCb Buicrfc ci 
tkub caMOCTOBTeibauMii nacaiTa^OMi Ml^Hoaott ii^bhootb. Opa 
9T0M>v oo<i6(eBfloe BBBMaaie oOpaBieaiDTii aa to, aaaoro aftea 
qQaaajHaob hAamb MOBora^ h biiahtii oooOenHoe mo bi» Tibib 



i- 73 - 

cayMaRXi, lorp Mibxiraff iioueTa 5ujia jerKOBfecHolt , npunii- 
cuBaa iiocJtAHeufy oOcToaTMbCTBj p!ia»Hyio npHMHHy KOie^ 
6aHiH u^BHocTH j(6Hen» % Ji^M no/^Kp^iiJieflifl cbohxi aoboaobi 

npilBOAflTb Bl AORBBaTCJIbCTBO OTpUBOVHUB Cfii^XtHifl UttHaXl 

Ba HtooTopue TOBapu^ npHnHCUBaa nmTnn bcbroo noBMUieme 
U'bHb naAeHiK) i^timocTH Aener'B. 

9to RacaeTCfl noHerHott eAHHHi^u wb PocciH wh XVIII 
Bibit, TO Tyn> j^ise hb Moserb GuTb h Boiipoca: sa noAto 
eqe xo droro BpeMeHH Foccifl HM^bJia yiRe cepeSpauHoe o6pa- 
iqeBie, ycnftia Aa»e nepesHTb AeHeamuii KpHBHCi^ GyAyJH 

nO^H li30JIHpOBaHHOIO Bl> CBOefi BROHOMHneCKOft 1KU3HH. Bl 

XVUl ace CTOJliTiH, BcrynHBiUH Bb oOn^yio CBponeticRyio »H3Hb 

|l Oojfte HJIH MOHibe IipaBHJIbHUH H IIOCTOflHHUH TOprOBMfl CBO* 

QieHii CTh BBponettcRHMb puHKOM'b, oaa A^^aRHa 6bijia BOJielt 
Hin neBOJiolt noAMHHflTbca ero BaKoaaM'b. 

^To flse RacaeTCfl n/bm TOBapoBi> ^ to iimh cjt^jiYevb 
nojib;»OBaTbCfl aecbMa ocMOTpHiejibno, npu oiipeA^JieiiiH i^tHHOOTH 
A^aerb hjih CTenenn hxi» o6e3i](tueHiH. 

Do cyiqecTBy cBoeMy, i^taa ecTb npoeroe paaeHCTBo, no 

MtHOBOft IlftllHOCTH) AByX^b ROJTHqeCTB'b ! Ch OAHOft CTOpOHbt TO* 



a) Aaiwe TaKoft nHcaTejb, Kain» F. IIlTOpxi, roBopHTii iianp. cjitiyionxee 
o.ark4Holl MOBert opii nepsuxi npeeHHSBax'b IleTpa fiejiHicaro: 

nllpHMillia BCiXli deanopflAKOBli , KOTOpUC CJyMaJHCb Cl> MtjlHOD MOHCr 

Ton, .lesMTii DTi cj'bAynmHxi} jByxT» o6cTOHTe.ibCTBaxT» : bo nepBuxi>, bt» tomi, 
HTo xoneTa , upeAiiasnaHenHaii ciianajia 6mh tojiiKo pasMlRnoi) , BunycKaJiacb 
B'fc ipeaouHalHO Soabmou-b xojiH^iecTBi ii AtJiajiaeb cmtAOBavejibiio ToproBon mo'> 
HeTOD ; n BO BTopuxi, MTO BunycKa.iH ee to Bume, to HH»e ea AtitcTBHTejbHoft 

IltHROCTII. 

C^. Hisioriach-Statistisches Gemalde des Rtissiscbeu Reichs am Ende des 
achteehnten Jahrhunderta von Heinrich Storch. Leipng. i802, tomi> 5, cTp. 370. 

XoTa nil CBOCMT, Kypct no.iHTHHeci,ott aKOHOMin niTopxi HaaunaoTii Mt;X- 
Hyn HOHery monnaie de confiance h roBOpHTi*, mto utniiocTb ea aaBHciiTii otii 
speAHia. 

Cm. Cours d'^conoiuie politique par Ileori Storch* Pans 1823. tomi 11, 
KHHra 5. CTp. 218. 



— 74 - 

Bi^pa, a ci» Apyrofi A^Her'b. Ho wb axovb npocTom iMeHiH 
BOHMeHTpHpyeTCfl boa BioE(mvmMB»fi mmuh Hapo^a. 

lie BoernH liaMi^ueflifl b% i^l^eaxi ToaapoBb saBHonTi on> 
nepeMl^Hb Bb i^I^hhocth A^ner'B. HanpoTUBi», bi orpoMHom 
SojibnjHHCTB^ cjyqaeBii) Roie6aiufl u!kwh npouciOAHTii orb 
npuMHH'b , A'b&cTByiouuix b RenocpeACiaeHHO ua s^m^hu bi 
H3AepffiBax'u np6fi3B0ACTBa , ciipoca ii npeAJOseHia cauaro to- 
Bapa, iioBuuiaa u iioHHsafl i^tHHOCTb ero coB/epineHuo acsaBH- 
CHXO orb IIcpeM'6H^ B'b utHHocTH ACHeri. UacTo lOBopaTb o6i 

HaMtHOHiH Ul^HHOCTH A^Heil> nOTOMy TOJbHO^ tlTO.AWbrailH fiU- 

pasaioTCH nepoM'bHU Bb i^'bnHocTH TOfiapoaii, a ynycKaion 
H3i» BHAy Ai^ficTBHTeibHbifl npHMHHU , iipoH3BeAmiH dry nepe- 
M'jtoy. Mew Ay tI^mi, mt HaMtRCHifl Bb ycjioBiaxi #H3H9e-. 
CKHXii, ttOMTHqecKHX'b ^ coi^id jbuux b ^ yMeTBeltaux^ H f . A. 
MoryT b BJiiflTb Ha i^'buaocTb TOBapoBb , — aa usAepauai hxii 
npoH3B0AGTBa, aa cnpocb a npeAaoseaie, — h npaxoMb Becbaa 
pasaoodpasao. Tyai, roaopa o BJiaaia yposaeub ua utm 
xjitSa, »aH'6qaeTi, ^ito cx 1840 roAa 3a uoroAOio cxaiH cii- 
AHTb ae oAaa 36Aue.BJlaA'bJ[bI^J , ao a 6hbrhp>i a 6HpaiB, h 
Movao noasajylt caaaaTb, mo &*& HBB'bcTaoe Bpow iH)Aa aoaRoe 
nepexoAHB^ee oOjiaao aMterb ataoTopoe BJiiaaie aa u'&ay ro- 
cyAapcTBeHKiuxb Syaarii, aauifi soji'bBHbixx Aopori, aa bu- 
coiy npoi^euia a aa croBopqaaocTb 6anRapoB%. H ae oahb 
«a3HHecRia ycioaia Taaii HJiiHfOTi> aa i^tiiM: bi> i^'&at jifiHh- 
rami lojibEO aojiaqecTBeaao BupaaKaexca ajuaaie caMux'b paa- 
ROoSpaBBUx'bnpH^RRi, aaai 6bi caiia no 066*6 oa'b aa Sujb aeyjo- 
BBMhi, ao noaioMy-To aMeaao a ae MtAy^Tb BCHKyio n^pcM^Hy 
Bi> u,iui TOBapa npanacuaaTb iiBH'baeHiH) i^taaocTH Aeaerb. 
TojibKo OAaoBpeMeaaoe a paBaoMtpnoe aaM^aeaie ntwh 
Bctxi> ToaapoBX MOfljCTTi CBHAtxejibCTBOBaTb aepcMtat ^tB• 
aocTa A^Hori. flepoH'babi ace e% i^'baaxi oahofo rjib a'bcROJb- 
aaxx ToaapoBi* Honao npaaaaaTb 3a AORadaiejibCTBo aaat- 



^ 75 - 

Heeiii MtHfiQCTH A^eri* mibio bi> laioii^ cjiynaft, iBorAa H3r 
aiCTHU u Moryrb 6uTb B^BtoieHU h oiipeAtjeiiu bc£ yc4tuuV) 
BjimoiiiUi BE iiSAepiRRii npoHaeoAOTBa , a Taase na cnpoci* h 
npeA^KOsenie caMUxi ToaapoBii. 

Pasimua bo B3^JIaAax^ ua i^lbiiHocTb ffimvh bi> Poccia 

Kh XYIII WbKh MOSerb OpOHCXOAIiTb, BflpO«J6M'b, fl6 TOJbKO OTIi 

HeAocTaTOMHOciH caMaro MexoAa npH HcropHMecKOMi meA^np 
wBiu 9Toro Bonpoca, ho TaB»e h oxb i^^jaqHaio iioHHuaiiifl 
caHuxii o6JUUX'b Hayquuxb ^aKoiioBL no aioiiy npeAMory. 

Bii HayK'lb nojiHTH'iecEotl BKOHOMiii BpflA'b ^u HaitAOTca 
Boupoeik, BOTopuit BOBGyHSAajit 6bi tbkoA Bceo6uufi HHTepeob^ 
HHtii 6bi TBKyio rpoMBAHyio JHTepaxypy h bi» to se Bpemn 
npeACTaHjfliS'b 6u bii caMUxii ocHOBHUX'b uojioaReHiuxi> iiayKH 
TajTb MHoro coNutfliit H paAHKaJibHUX'b npoTUBop'buifi , Kauib 
BonpocL i^lHHOcTH A^Horb. [lo »T0My, npeasAO ^I'hwb upH* 

CTyilHM'L R'b HBJOffieHiM) COCTOUHifl A^H^^HHrO pUflKa POCOIH B'h 

uepByio fiOJOBHiiy XYIII Btna, hu cMHTaeMi> H6o6xoAnBiUAii 
Bi rjiaBHUX'b uepTax'b iipeAoraBHib oOiuifl ptmeHifl HayKH no 
Bonpocy i;%hhocth A^Hen, bi TaKOM'b BoaeyHo bha^, b% 
RaioMi OHH HaaRyTCfl mm Bcero Sojil^e cnpaaeAJiHBUMH. 9th 
oonvH nojioneflifl 0QpeA'6jaTi> njaub h xapanepii Hamero hjb^ 
cj^AOBaHia h OyAyTi cjy»HTb nm Haci riaBHUM'b . BpnTepiy- 
liOM'^ npu paaiflCHeniH 9R0H0MHMecRHXi> sBJieHiil, oSyuoBJiH- 
BaBuiHXi cocTOflHie pyccRaro AeHesnaro puKsa wb paacHaxpH- 
BaeMyu HaMH anoxy. 



3a Bci^iiH ToaapaMH na puHRax'b npHSHaioTb oaho o6e^ee 

^HCTO BKOHOMHUeCBOe Ba^OCTBO - BTOM'^HOByH) l^l^HUOCTb, — 

HCJitACTBie 4ero caiiue uo BHAMMOMy paanopoAHhie iipeAMeTu 

flBJHIOTCH afiOHOMHqeCBH COHaMtpilMblMll. 

Bii npaBTHvecKott sh3hh iioctoahho lyBCTayeTCH D0Tpe6* 



— 76 — 
HooTb fraMi^piiTb M'^HosyiD i^^HflfoCTb paaflux^ TOUapOBl B% 

OAHO^H TO»e BpeMfl H Ha OAHOMl H TOMl 3Be pUHK'b^ Htf se 

oAHdro Hjra mhophxti xoeapoBi bi pasHoe Bpemi h ua paajra^t- 
Hux^ puHsax'L. Ji^Afi Toro, qTo5iii yAOBJierBopHTb TaROft no- 

Tpe&HOCTH^ HJSHa eAHHHl^a HJIH 111)610X86%, ROTOpUHl MOXHO 

6ujo 6iii npoHBBopTb flsnbpeRie iitHOBOfl i^tRHOCTH ToeapoBi. 
BcTecTBeHHo^ ^TO e^RHHua^ iiJEii MaGmTa6i> MtaoBOft i^tH- 
HooTR, xo^iffiHa yxoBJieTBopHTb pyMii cyiuecTBeHHiiM'B Tpe6o* 
B'dmntin>: 1| OHa AOJisRa oSiiapTb ycjiOBieMi eoRSirbpiiiiocTi, 
T. e* T'bM'b RayecTBOM'b , ROTopoe eio xotrti HSMibpflTb wh Apy- 
THxi npeAMeraxb, — uM'bTb MtHOByio utHHoerb; 2) MtROBdA 

I^'bHHOCTb e^UHRI^U AOJIlRHa 6lilTb no B03M01KU0CTH HeH3M'&RH0». 

TaR% KBKh eCTeCTBeHHafl BUCOTa MtnOBOtt I^<bHHOOTH 3a- 

BHCHT'b OTb R3Aep]ReRl npOHBBOACTKa, TO CJltAOBaTeJbHO Mac- 

uiTaSoMi Bi'bnoBofi i^I^bhoctr Moserb 6biTb TOJbKo xoaapi, 

HBA^pSRH npORBBOACTBa KOTOparO OCTaiOTCH na CROJIMO B63 
MOKHO HenBM'ftflHUMH. KpOH<fc TOFO , pUHO<lHaa NtHOBan ifbu- 

HOCTb fflAvim MeBbHie Bcero npe^cTaBjaTb oTRjioueHitt ori 
i^tHHooTH ecTecTBeHHoft ; a pa btofo Heo5xopNO, htoSu to- 
Bapi npeACTaBjRjTB Cb CBoett CTopoHM Bcb yAoOGtaa hm mfr 
AepRsaHia nocToaiiHaro paanoB'bciR Me»Ay CffpocoMOi r npe^iO' 
seRieiii^, H qroOur cnpocb h npoAJoxeHie 6um bobmosro oaho- 
oCpaBHU. CoBepiueffiiaro MaomTa6a , ROTopufl BnojiH'6 yAOBJie- 
TfiopHJi 6u BTHii^ AByM'b cy^ecTfieHHUMi) TpeSoBaniflMii, wkn. 
Ho RCTopRqecRiit onuT'b noBasbiBaerb, ^to H'bBOTOpue Toaapu 
B% AOJirie uepiOAM BpeMOHH npeACTaajiflioT'b no^TH neRBMtHHyfo 

CpeAHIOH) MtHOByK) I^'hHHOCTb, XOTfl I^i^HHOCTb BTB Kb ROpOTfiie 

nponesByTRH apeMeHH jroABepraeTea Becbsia cHJibHUMii ROjeSa- 
HJHHb. Kii TaKHBTb TOBapaM% OTHOCflrb xjiMii H paGouyfo 
njiBTy. }[m TeByqell srsbh 9th Toaapu ne MoryTii cjiysRTb 
MacniTaOoM'b , a^h H3M*peHlfl utHHocTR Apyrnx^ TOBapoBi; 
HanpoinBi, ji,ir HBHtpeHia i^huocth ei^ nome nepioAU) Hanp. 



~ 77 - 

apR yirraHoiiefiJH jmn , npn oopeAlieHiv apen/piott dj»tu 
Bi iipoA<KiSHTejbHux% HJH Hac^fftAOTBeHHuxi apcHAaxi^ upa 
onpeA'bieHiH Koie6aHiit i^I^hhocth soioia h cepefipa mb cto^ 
jcbTifl Bi» cTOJilbTie, hIuml xj'ftSa h paSovett hmtu: iioryTi 
6iiiTb jyqfljHiiH uJ^pHJaiiH. 

A«u Tefiyqett me khshh HyaReni MacniTa6i> uo bosmos- 
HocTH Tanott, pi^HHocTb BOToparo 6u«ia 6u nocTOfliiHOtt^ ue 
TouBO Bi xoJirie nepioxu, ho h m(hnm-vh-ffiMh, h boo6ii^ 
Bi oepioxu, Bi npeA'bJiax'b BOTopuxb HawHaeTCH h aaBaaHii- 
BaeTCfl 6(KiLmafl qacib BBOHOMBMecBHX'b CAtJOBb, h npu TOM^ 

He TOJIbBO Ha OffiOWhy HO H Ha pa^JIBMHUXl pUHBaxi. 

HecoMH'ftHHO^ MTO BCtM'b BTHM'b TpeSoBaHi^N'b Jiyqiuo Bcero 
yxoBJieTBopflfDTb 6jaroposHBie MeTajiJibi 

EcTecTBeHHaa i][%HHOCTb hojiotb h cepeSpa (H3AepsRH npo- 
tt3B0ACTBa), ecjiH H no/iBepraexcH iiHorAa cujilhum^ ROJieOaHiHM^, 
TO K0jie6aHifl btm cjiy^aioToi Kb CTOJ^iifl pasi, nacTynaiorb 
MepeHHO H eqe MeAieHH'J^e crjiasHBaiOTCfl, He npiiuHHflfl bhc- 

3anHuxi> H CHJibHuxii uoTpflcenig hb pb[HBaxi>. 

« 

qio «e Kacaeicfl puHOUHOfi nbHU 6jiaropoAflHX'b Meiaji- 
JOBii, TO H B-b BTOMb cjyqalt xpyAHO HaitxH xoBapb, bi bo- 
Topoitt'b OTHOHijBHie MeasAy cnpocon'L h npeAJioiseHieM'b Sujo 6bi 
xaRi nocTOflHHO. TjiaBHOK) npHMHHOH) TBBoro HOCTOflHCTBa pu- 
HouBuxi^ H^Wb jia 30JI0T0 H cepe6po. BBjaeTca to oScTOATejib- 
CTBO, HTO GjiaropoAHue MeTaJuua, HMtfl caniyio paBHOoSpasuyio 
oojiedBocTb u MHoropaBJiHqHoe ynoxpeOjieiiie , npeACTBBJiflfiOTb 
OAHasoasi oahbi> puaoBi^ no yAo6cTBy nepecujiKu h no Jier- 
RocTH nepenjiaBRH. Apyraa npHwaa nocTOHHciBa puBoqnofl 
U'bHu 6jaropoAuuxx MOTaMOBb saKJioyaeTCfl B-b tomi, htq 
noTpeSnocTb bi aojioT'b h cepeSpib, xoia b a^bojilho cBJibHan 
u Bceo6n^afl, ne ecib oahbbo flse noTpeCnocTb nepBofi ueoGxo- 
AHMocTH; BaBi* Hanp. uorpefiHOCTb bi xM'b. Bcji'bACTBie dToro, 



- 78 - 
caiutt cnpoci leno MoserB coRpan^aTiiOfl h paMnipiiTkcff h, 

He H3MibHHff H^i^HHOCTH fiJiaropOAHUX'B HeTaJMOBl, COOnftTCTBO- 

BaTb npeAJoseHiK) 

OqeBHAHO, qTo TOBapi, o6iaAa»iitiit nocTOHHeTBOifb qftn- 
HOCTH, cnocoSHutt 6uTb AAse vacaiTaftoM'B npii onpexi^eHiH 
i^oHocTH APyi'HX'b TOBapoBi, Av'^^scHB o6jiaAaTb yxe no aroHy 
OAHOiy BucoROK) Mi^HOcnocoSiiocTiio, — npH oOii'bHt He Mosen 

bhLTh HHKamX'b COMHtHiit OTflOCHTejbHO I^'bHHOCTH nROFO TO- 

Bapa. Bii 8T0Mi> CMUOJi'& MOSHO noaajyil csasaTb, qio Tosapi 
TaKoro poAB DOAsyeTCfl caMUMb nrnpoRUMx RpoAHTOii'b. 

Ho^ RpoMt nocTOHHCTBa i^HHOGTH, 6jiaropoAHue Merajuni 
oGjraAaiOT'B eiqe APyrMNH Ra<iecTBaMH^ BecbMa BaasHMifH ajh 
puuRa^ Raai Hanp. HpowocTiio, yAo6ouoABH2BiiocTiio» A'^MMocTbn 
H T. A- ^ cj[:bA0BaTejbH0 , bo Bcixi itxi cjiyqaax^ , r^t 
flBJiaeTca noTpeSuocTb coxpaHHTb i^'buHocib, nepenecTR ee aa 
Apyrofi puHOR'b, pa3A:bJiHTb na uacTH h t. n., bojioto h cepeSpu 
npeACiaBJTfliOT'b caHua Sojibuiia yAo6cTBa , ente Ooji'be ycHJH- 
Baionya hxi HtoocnocoSHOCTb. 

H TaRi, nocTOflHCTBO i^l^HiiocTH HCTajjioBii, a TaB»e npoq- 
Hoctb, yAo6onoABHSHocTb it aP* Ka^ecTBa^ A'^Jiaiorb HX'b jyq* 
uiHMH HibpHJiaHH i^tHHOCTDf H BccbHa sejaxejibHUiii TOBapOHl 
Ha puHR'fi, no MHorocTopoHHofi no.ie3uocTH n oco6eHHo no cno- 
coShocth a<bh o6M%ua, cSepeaceHJa u HaRonjema RannTaJEOBi» ; 
TaRi ^To^ npn nojiHOHi pasBHiiH A^aesHaro xodaficTsa, caHafl 
nocTOflHHaa, caMaa npOMHaa n bi Toace Bpena caMaa cbo- 
SoAHaa ot'l ci^cHHioniHX'L ycjioBift peajinsauia i^tHHocTH ecTb 
MeTaMR^ecRaa. 

HeyAHBHtejibHO , uto y BcibX'!b o6pa30BaHHUXi aapoAOBi 

r 

30JI0T0 H cepeSpo CA'feJajiHCb eAHHCTBeuHUMH opyAiam j^n 
HBM'fepeHiH i^'feHHocTefi, a Taase rjaBHUMu opyAiaMH oSpameaifl, 
HaRonjeniH h c6epeaseHia i^ibKHOcieft. 

Jl^jLH Toro, MToGu npHAaib MacinTaGy i^'6hhocth SojibniyK) 



— 79 - 

onpex^eoHodTb , npmniiaiorL 3a oAnHH^y «9B%CTHuft Btci 
aojora hjm eepeOpa (ocROBHoft HOHeTHuR Bfkn'b) u, pH yAo6- 
crea ofSpaipefiifl, cSepeseHia h naRonjeHia KaimTajioBi , tokb- 
HflTb MOHery ruBHyio (MOHeTHaa eAHHHi^a) h ea qacTH. Ta- 

IIITB 05pa30Ml , 3B0HRaH MORetB eCTb H3BtCTH0e ROIH^eCTBO 

6jaropOABaro nreTajua, 3aB%peHHoe bi npo6% r ato'b h no 
oopni H BeJH4HHi^ npRcnocoSjeRHoe ri noTpe6HocTHMi> puRRa*). 
nepBOHa^aAHaff RCTopia BCHRaro eapOAa CBRAtiejibCTByerb 
qTO 6euo BpeMfl, rot ^a jidah h6 uYViUMiiioh B^ mohot^. Toaro 
ci pasBHTieBTb Mi^Hu H pa3A%J[eHiR TpyAB, cb opraRH^iecRHJTb 
cjiflflieMi yacTRuxi xosaitCTB'b bi^ oaho i^tjioe — napoAHoe 

XO^gftCTBO, nOXpefiHOOTb Bl MOHei* A*«IBeTCa CTOJIb nOCTOHH- 

ROH), qTO AJfl yAOBJieTBopeaifl ea o6iuecTfio pIbuiaeTCR n^ABith 

SHa^RTe^bHUfl RBAepSRH, JIHIRb 6hl TOJIbRO HM^Tb MOHeTy H 

Aepsaib ee BI3 xopomeMb cocTOHRiH. Cjil^AOBaTejibHo, ob bro- 
HOHRqecRHH'b pasBRTieMb o6ii^ecTBa noTpeSuocTb bi MOfleTi 
A^JaeTca BecbMa CRjbHoio. 

ffoHe^HO, Boft noTpe6HOOTH, a rbMii 6oji'be hobua, mosho 

paSCMBTpHBaTb RBRl 3JI0 ; HO, CI APyrOfi CTOpOHEI, fiCO paSBHTie 

i<HBRj[HdaiUH MOffiHO c^HTBTb yMHOiBeHieMii HpaBCTBeHHo onpaB- 
AUfiaeMui'L noTpeOHOCToiir^ h bch saAa^a oOn^ecTBeHHaro h 
^acTRaro pasBHTia aojushb saRjifD^aTbCfl bi. laRoirb ca^^bA rb 
Bi yRRiToseHiH liOTpeSROOTeit, ro b^ jierMattmem h lyqmoMb 
cnoco6ib yAOBJieiBopeuifl uxi. HejibSfl ciRxaTb SesHpaBiCfBeHROfD 
noTpe6RocTb bi> MOReT'b. Ecjh coi^iajRmi yRasajiu Ha AypHyio 
cTopoRy A^HesRaro xosattcTBa h npHnRcara Monetb cnocoS ' 

ROCTb CROnJflTb RMyR^eCTBO Bl OAHH pyRH H T^bll^ CROCOO^ 

CTBOBaTb en^e So^buieMy HepaBeRCTBy pacnpeAi^jeHm HMyR^ecTBii, 



a] MaKjieoAii u HoneTy HaauBaeTii KpeARTHUMi atiaxoMi; ho bi> TaKosfb 
cjty^t If set Apyrie Tosapu^ xs/Mrb^ cfKHO ii t. a- , Kan> cpe^cTBa li opyAiA) «-/iy- 
*aimU ifM y^o^/iefBopeHiH. noipeCisocTett. movho iav»e Ha^Batb Kpe^Taimm 
sHaxaMH. 



— 80 - 

TO Ha aio MOXHo BospaaHTb, mto MOHera, brri opoof oe opyxie 
HBRonjieHifl, MeBbflie Bcero BJUOBaTa b% BToirb, h tro, eanpo* 

THBl , npH nOCpeXCTBl^ MOHOTU MOSeTB AOCTaSJillTiiCJI H Hfi' 

cxaBiflefCfl oOo^ecTBy BecpaBseHHO 6ojifciaafl cyima xofipa, i/kn 
3Jra. Bq BCflRoiTB S6 cjiywt OTRadUBaTbca orb noTpeGHoen 
BTi MGHeit H sajH'&HeTb ee ApyrHMH lOBapaMji, sHa^uiJio 6u 
B033pautarbGfl Bb tb nepaoSuTHMfl BpeMeiia» fiorxa Buftcro mo- 
Heiu AiDjifl ynoTpe6iuH. kosh, ckoti, coib, M'bxb h t. a 

Hxasi, HAE ^HBHJlHaoBaHfiiiIl:l> napoAOBi aBiaoTOH oAia 
aaAaia : ho OTBasuBaacb orb noTpeSaocTH bi uoHerft^ Haftni 
jyioiiit cnocoSb yAOQjeiBopiiTb aiofi HorpeOaociH 

Oaho, qero Bb btomi OTHonieHiii ycnibJH AocxHrHyrb pas- 
BHTUH o6iuecTBa, 9T0 6oj[!be BuroAHoe yAOBJiexBopeHie noTpe6- 
HOCTH wb MOHCTi^, noopeACXBOMi RpeAHia, peausHpyioiivroci 
Ha MOHOiy se, ho He Ha APyri^ Toaapu. 

FesyjbTaTaMH lajsoro poAa rpoahthuxi cji,1u(m'h bma- 
iOTCfl qacTo KpeAHiHue 3HaEH, npoAcxaBJiHioutie co6oio noHory. 
dxH speAHTHue anaKH, npH HdBj^cTHUX'b yejioaiax'b, xoryn 
iq)eACTaBJiaTb Oojbniifl yAoScxaa A^a puHRa. 

EcjiH Taaie anaRH nojubsyioTCR oSuupHUMii apeAHTOMb a 
eBoeBpeM6HHO paduibaHBaioTCfl na MOHery, to npeACTaaiiTeibHafl 
i^'l^HHOCTb Hxi yAepiKHBaeT'b Tyse ocoGeHHOoTb, soTopoia otjh- 
ifaercfl ntonocTb mohotu oTOb i^I^hhocth APyrHxi ToaapoBi^, — 

nOCTOHHCTBO. 

OfiMAaa dmwb xa^ecTBOM'b , npeAHTHue sHasH Moryn 
cjLYwmb MacDiTa6oMb A^fl HSMi^peBifl u^^hhocth APyi'^x'b to- 
BapoBi, HO TOJibRO EOHeqHo Kb TBRoft CTeneHH , Bi Easoii 

HBJaiOTCa OHH A^ttCTBHTeJIbHUMH HpeACTaBHTeJIfiMH MOHeXU. 

KpoMi^ ili^HHocTH, RpeAHTHUM'b BHaRairb MOSHO jreno 
npHAaxb H Hi^ROTopufl APyria aa^ecTBa MOHeTU, h HHorAa Bb 
Sojibniett Aase cTeneaH, cMoxpa noxoMy, m'b aaKoro Maxepiaja 
A'fcMiox'b 9TH RpeAHTHue SHaaa. TaRi, 6yMa»HU€ BpeAHXHue 



^ 81 — 

npejiCTafiiiejH MOHeru yAofiH'be hm nepecujKH^ H^m MOHeia ; 
M^AHue KpeAHTUue anaRH I1HibK)T^ oSuRHoeeHHo ^ame «opiiy 
MOHeTM, HO ropaaxo yAoSnte hah puHRa, npn MejD»xi nia- 
lesaxit, qtNi cJHiIlKOM^ Mejutaa cepe6pflHHaM hih aoioiaH 
MOfleia 

GjitA^BaxejibHO, KaRi> opyAifl oGpaqeHifl, RpeAHXHue 3HaRn 
yxofiHibe HMA puHRa ^ ntwb MOHexa Ho HejubSH KOHewo loro 
R6 cRaaaTb o RpexHTHuxi anaRaxi, no OTHomemio ri c6epe- 
ReHiK) H HaHonjreHiH) utHHocTett. Xotb BnpoqeirB h a^i^cb, 6cjni 
cpe^HTHue sHaRH CyAyxi dphhochtb BJiaxi^AitaM'B hxi npo- 
i^eHTu, TO noxaiyft ohh h hae HaRoiueHifl h cSepeaReHia Ra- 
nHTajoB'B Horyii 6uti> TaRsc npHroAHU. Bi tbroitb cjiy*iaj^, 
oHCBHAHO, paaiimpMacb 6u nxii nojiesHOCTb n, cjilkAOBaTejibHO, 
yBMR^THJice 6u m cnpooi hb hhxii. 

Ho caMafl r*iaBHaii butoab RpeAHTfiuxi opyAitt oGpajqeBia 
4*iflpunRa cocTOHTb B^ TOMb, <iT0, npH cynitecTBOBaBiH npoA 
oraBHxejibHUx^ asaROB'b, MOHora Moxeib jexaib cborojIho Bb 
Raecaxi h ho noABepraxbCH nopqt orb o6pan^eHUi ; mbjlo Toro, 
npH npaBHJibHOMb BOJibsoBaRiH RpeAHTOHb^ BecbMa SHawxejib- 
HHH qacTb MOHexu Moxexb 6iiiTb ynoxpeOjreHa Ha yAOBJiexBO- 
peHie ApyrHXii noxpeSHOcxell. 

H THRi, HBb Bcero CRasaHHaro^ oxHOCHxeibHO q^^hhocxh 
opYAiit oSpan^emH, cAtfjevb^ mo i^tonocxb sBOHRott mohoxu 
saBRCHX'b OTb iftoHoeTH SjiaropoAHaro Moxaua, HSb Roxoparo 
OH'd cAtiana; u^HHOCXb »e npeAcxaBHxeJieft saBHCHTb oxb 
Toro, Bb RBRott cxeueHH OHH npeAcxaBiflioxi» co6oio Honexy^ 

Kti npeACxaBHxejiflMb, iijoi cypporaxaMb Monexu, mu oxho- 
cHMb He xoibRO HHCbMeHHUfl o6fl3axejibcxBa HSBi^cxHaro poAa, 

HO TBRSe HH3ROnpo6HyiO paSM'bHHyiO MOHexy^ OHJJIOHb H M'bA 

HUH AeHbPH. 9th HOCJitAHie, paaiitHHue npeACxaaHxeJiH, mo- 
I'yn 6uxb opyAiHMH H3HipeHifl, oOpau^eHui u naRonjieHifl rb- 
HHxajioBb, TBRse He pap nocxoHHCXBa i^tHHOCXH Toro Maxe- 



- 8^ - 

piaja, m^ KOToparo ohh cxt.iTtHKr^ ho paAii RpepTa, ocao 
Baenaro Ha bosmoshocth peajiH^HpoBaTb Ohjijiohii hjih urbAHyio 
MOHeiy^ m> Hse'bCTHOM'b ROjH^ecTB'b, na rjiaBHyio moRery 

qaCTH ROTOpoS H npeACTdB.i|HIDT'h .9th HHSRonpoSHue h Htj- 

Hue 3HafiH. 

PaacMaxpHBaH Bonpocb o utHHociH opy^ifi oOpaiuenifl, 
nejibSH o6ottTH oahoio mb BasHtiiniRK'L »a6jiysAeHifi, rocnoA- 
cTROBaBmaro AOJiro vb HayRl^ h bi> npaRTH^ecRott aRH»HH^ h 
ocTaiDiuarocH ne Oe.rh dHaqeniH h wb nacTOHiuee BpeMfl Ta- 
Rmii> 3a5jiysA6uieMi>, no nameBiy UHtHiio^ c^i^Ayerb cquran 
BecbMu pacnpocTpuneHHoe MH'&Hie, mto i^tHHOCTb RaR'b mohctu, 
TdKi H efl iipeACTUBHTejieft safiHcnrb iie otii MaTepiajia ii He 
OT'b peajinaai^H Kp^AHTa, a otii KOMuectHa ; hjh, hhuioi cjio- 
BaMH, MTO^ npH cyiuecTBOBaniH HSBtcTHaro 3diipoca na A^HBiir, 
caMBH i^'bHHocTb jififLerb ycTanoBJifleTCff cooGpasHO cb npeAio- 
seHieM'b. Ci> nayyuott tohrh TaRoe npeAnojioseHie neBlbpHo yae 
noTOMy, <iTO, yRasuBafl ua pbiHoiJHyio u%HHOCTb a^h^fi, oho 
ynycRaeib H31i BHAy, km HenpasHJibHo iicTOJROBbiBaeni ecre- 

CTBeHHyK) IWb I^'bHHOCTb. 

rjaBHbiNii HCTO^HHROMb saOjiysKAenitt bi» TeopiH h Kb 

npaRTMB'6 M03KH0 CMIlTRTb Bb BTOMb CJiyifB'b CJI!kf(Y¥iJHee MHt- 

Hie PMRapAo: cSojOTo H cepe6po, RaRi h act APyn^ TOBapu, 

HMtlOT'b IfbUOByH) I^tHHOCTb TOJbRO HO OTHOBieHiH) Rl> KOJH- 

MecTBy TpyAa, Heo6xoAHMaro j(m hxii npoRSBOACTBa h nocTRBRH 
Ha puHORi>. 30J10T0 Boo6u^e hotth Bi 15 paai AOpoiRe ce- 
pe6pa He noToiiy, mo6u m ncro cyu^ecTBoaaj'b OoJiLm.ft sa- 
npoci^ wjLw MToObi npeAJioaseHie cepedpa 6biJio bi 15 paai 
dojibiue 3o.iiOTa , ho eARHOTBeHHO noroHy, ^to Hy»HO bi 15 
pasii gojibuiee KQjiHMecTBO TpyAa a^a Toro, qTo6bi AocxaBHTb 
ero Bb A^HHOMb ROjrnqecTBt » . cEojiHqecTBO Aener^^ nysHoe 
AJia AAHHofi cTpanu, aojisho aaBHCHTb ori* CBoett if&HOBofl 
i^ibHHOOTH: ecjiH 6yAen» yuoTpe6jiRTbCH oaho 30Joto« rbrii 



~ 83 - 

opyAie o6paiueHifl, to AocTaiouno b^ 15 pasik neHbiuaro Bo- 
jHMecTBa ero, Raxoe Sujio 6u HeoOxoAiiMO. ecjH 6u hjul toR 
se i^tjiH ynoTpeSjMOCb cepe6po». 

Bi cosaji'bHiK), hsii sToro pfl^a JorHqecraxi saxjiioqeHiil 
caMi PflfiapAO Buaejii co^hsmi, roBopa ahji^b, ^to cA^H^SHoe 
ofipau^eHie iiHRorAa ae MOffieiii 6uTb HSoSajibHuirk ao HSJianiRa; 
h6o noHHSbTe ero HtHOByio i^^hhoctl, to yeejaqHTe b% Ta- 
EOM'b se OTHomeHiH ero ROJH«iecTBo» a BosBucbTe ero liRO 
ByH) u'bHHocTb^ TO ytfeflbniHTe ero ROJiHqecTBO». «IIosa rocy 
;iapoTBO caMO qeaaRHTi MOflery, neibBH onpeAl^nrb rpanHqi 
XM nepeAtibHaro aoxoab; h6o, orpaROTHBaa ROJimiecTBO mo- 

HBTM. MOXHO npHABTb HORerb BCeBOBMOSHyiO I^iHHOCTb. • c9to 

uCHOBHOfi BaROHi, HB ROTopoM'b ocROBbiBBeTCfl o6paqeHie 6y- 
MasHUX'b A^Heri* ") 

6 b npHBeAeHBhix'b cjoaaxi Phrbpao mu bbahmi npoTHBo- 
fUk. Cfla^ada obi roaopHTb, ^ito ROJiHiecTBO mohotu bbbh- 
cHTb orb efl i^iRBocTH, — BTO coBepiDeHRO cnpaaeAJinBO ; t. e. 

30JIOTOtt MOHOTbl A^ttGTBHTe.1bH0 ByRtRO A^^fl pUHRB Bli 1 5 pa3l 

3iPHbijie cepeSpflHRofi Ho, CA^JiaBBiH 9totl buboai», PaaapAo, 

Mpe3l HtCROJIbRO CTpORl, RpHRRliaR cj-bACTBie 3a npHTORy^ 

jt«aaeTi> o6paTHoe aaRJifo^eHie h roBopHTB, ^to orb ROiHqecTBa 
^enerb BaBHCHTb hxii i^tflHOCTb; t. e., eciH ROU^ecTBo ao- 
joToit MOfleru yBCJinqHTb bi 15 paBi, to i^BHOCTb hohr- 

3HTbCfl bo CTOJbRO REO paSX- 

9to RacaeTCfl 3bohroB MoaeTU, to Heai^pBOCTb nocjrbA^ 
HRro BUBOAB oqeBHARa. 

yBJORUIRCb (IHCTO a6CTpaKTHbIMH BUBOABMH, PhRBPAO BeCb 

MeTajiJiHqecRiti puHORi CMtiuajcb cb HOHeTBUMi>, T. e. He o6pa- 



a) Cm. David Ricardo's Grondgesetze der Volkswirthschaft and Besteue- 
ruD(( au8 dem Englischen abersetzt von Dr. £dw. Baumstark. Leipzig, 1837 rowh 
1. cip. 38.1 H cjrtA. 



- 84 — 

THJt BBHHafliH HR TO, WO T(»jbKo MacTb Bcott MaocH (>jaro- 
poAHUXi MeTajriOBi coctohtl b^ MOHeTi^ ^ ocTauHafl se qacTb 
HM'berL Apyroe ynoxpeO jenie ; npHnem oxHaBO se, SjiaroAaps 
jierEott DepenuaBRib MeiajJioBL, coxpaHHeTCH oahhi o6mjA He- 

TaJUH«ie(»dfi pUHOR'B B OAHHaROBaK UtBHOCTb HeraUOB'B BO 

Bctoi npHMtBeRiHX'B. KpoM!b Toro, PHKapAO npepojiaraen, 
WO Bcu MoHera hbxoautch b% oOpan^eRiH, n ynycRaeri* 113% 
BHAy Ty qacTb uoHeiHaro puBRa ^ ROTOpaR ynorpedJieHa hh 
cOepeaseflie h HaRouieaie RanRiajioB'b u Ha^ioAnTCH B'b Kaccaii, 
a cjitAOBaTej&Ho 6eab bchrhxi* liaTpyAHt^flift A^ein* bo3M08- 
BOCTb coRpau^aTbCfl B paBuiHpHTbcM Macc'6 MOHeTU , Haxop- 
B^eftcfl Bi odpan^eBiH, 6eab BCBBaro smmn hb ea M^^HOByi) 
i^'bBflocTb. flaROBeu'b, corjiauiaacb Cb pRRnpAO: aysuo GuioGir 
BpeABOJioiKBTb iio.iBoe OTcyxcTBie cypporaioB'b A^HexcHaro o^pa- 
iMeaifl, rrri Banp. aeRcejieil, qmoBi> h ap^ coBepmeHH]^ h30- 

AHpOBaHHOCTb pUBRB H BeB031l0»B0CTb yBeja^eHiH CROpOCTH 

o6paB^eBifl A^Her^b 

UqeBHAHO^ qTo, npR rbcBOfi cBR3n MOHeTRaro puHRa ci 
M6Taji<2[HqecRHiib , npH BceBosMoasHOMi yaejiu^ieBiH ROjravecTBa 

MOHeTlil, I^tBHOCTb OR He MOSeib naCTb BflflEe l^tHHOCTH 3a- 

Rj[KraaioR^irocfl Bii Heii merajjia. 0% ApyroA CTopoHu, yiieHB- 
lueRie KOJB^ecTBa MORexu BuaoBen cypporaTKi MOReiRaro 
o6paB^eBifl BCRcejR. 6RjieTbi r t. a* il R^'^ 6bi rr 6ujo bh- 
MTOffiBO ROJiRqecTfio MOHeibi, ptmoRi) RattAerb BOSMosHocrb 
yAOBJieTBapHTb APyrBMH nyTRMR noTpeSflOCTR bIi opyAiHxx o6pa- 
R<eBia, BO He yBejiRqRT'b i^tHHOciR Moaeiu. Hin. npHMtpa 
Aase, qxofibi RpaBRTejbCTBy yAajiocb noARRXb i^tHHOCTb mo- 
Rexu Buuie i^tRHOcxR 3aRjiK)qaEon(arocR bi Heit Mexajua na 
cxojbKo, qxoObi B036yAHXb atejiaBie y qacxRHXi JlH^^ A*JaTb 
xaRyK) se Monexy. 

Hdi axoro hu BRARiKb, qxo utHHOcxbH) MOHexM yHpaB- 
•ttflexii o6mee cocxoanie i^tHHocxR 6Ja^opoAHb[X^ MexaJUOBi. 



~ 85 - 
cyiqeciByoiqee n jumiM Bpeiifl Ha Bcd^x7> puflKaxi , a ne 

ROJHqeCTBO MOHeiU 

MesAJ T^fiM^, iiocji'bxoBaTejriE PBBd]^;(o, npoBo^fl ero yqe- 
B16 najrbe, e^RfaiH BOBMOSHUirB noeiaBHVB xeHOSHoe o6pa- 
miHie Boo6me bu coBepoieHHyiD HedaBHCHMocTB ot% ocTajbHaro 
MorajiwqeoKaro pufiaa h nyTewh perjaneHTa^iH: noAAepsHBaTb 
U'fcHHOCTb HOfleTbi^ ueaaBicHMo oTi BflyTpeHHflro eH coAepisaHiH. 

Ho BCflvaH nonuTBa yMenbiiiHTb ROJH^eeTBo ^ncTaro Me- 
xaiJM B% MOHBTi^ H BocpeACTBon'b npeAnircaBifi noffj^epasaTb 
en HOMHflajibHoe sHaqeHie. BeAerb K^ yMeHbuieHiio MOfleTHoft 
e-XUHifitu H iidMibHeinio MOHeTHOfi cHcreirbi; npa dronb, utHM 
Sfiymx'b TOBapoBb, Oeai bchkhxtj cymecTBeHHMX'b H3M*HeHitt, 
R3ffbpfl«Mue MeHbiiiefo enmnnfijo, 6yAyTi> RadaibCH OoJbinHMH. 

TojihKo BceoTopoHHee nojibaoBanie MOHexoio noAAepasHBaerb 
rtcHym CB«3b eji c^ MeraJiJiHqecKHM'b phhkomIi h, rapaHrapya 
paBHoeftcie cnpofa ii npeAJJowenia na MoneTHourb puHKt, npH- 

Hften noCTOflHCTBO ntHHOCTH MOHCTbl. 

ITo 9T0My, BCflKia (»rpanHqeHia bii cnocoGaxii nojibsoBanin 
iroireTOH), Hanp. .lanpemenie BUBoaa, nepenjaBa h t. Av seAyxb 
TOJbKO Kt HapynieHiBJib aaKona h ociaioTca b^ cymecxBt 
SescHJTbHMMii. HpH yBejiBqeniH KoraqeciBa MOHeibi (npeAJio- 
seHiH), orpaHHqenia MoryTi> noHH3HTb ea i^tHHOCXb TOJibKO na 
cTpaxoByK) npeMiio aa sanpcineHHoe nojibaoBanie MoneTOK) Ci 
jpyroft cTopoHbi, npw npoH3BOJbHOM'b ymeHbiueHiH KOJHqecTBa 
MOHexbi, perjawPHTanifl He Moajei'b noAHaxb ea i^tHHOcxH Bwaie 
HiHHQCTH Mexajja, pasB* Ha aejinqBHy nepeA^JbHaro aoxoab, 
(H3Aepffieirb npoH3BOACXBa) ne BOsSyasA^romaro hoaa*«ikh. 

Bet Apyria cpeAciBa noAAepffiaxb ^'feHH0cxb RionexH Bume 
HtflHocxn 3aKJH)qaH)utarocfl bt* nett Mexajua, nanp. xaKCbi i^tm. 
roBapoBX Ha BnyxpeHHHXb puHisax'b BOoSme h i^*H'b 6jiaro- 

pOAHblXl MexajIJIOBb BT. OCoSeHHOCXH, BCAyXT) XOJIbKO K'b 3a- 



- 86 — 

TpYAHeHiflirb Vb xoproBit h si HdrHamn hsi oSpan^emfl jyq- 
meft HOHexu 

Il3i> Bcero CRasaHuaro bbaho, mo ecTecTBeHHaa i^&hhocti> 
Mouexiii, KaiTb Bjcfia 6iiaropoAHaro Meiaua flSB&CTHott ^opMu, 
oiipeA'&iiHeTCfl H^AepsRaMH npoHSBOxcTBa ^ a puBOVB^^ i^tH- 
"ocTb, BBBi peayuTaT'L oxHomeuifl iipeAJoseHifl ki cnpocy, 
ycxpaHflexcfl orb BCflBHX'b B0Jie6aflill, noMepacBBaercfl aa oahoU 
Bucoxt u C0BnaAaexi> ci> ecxecxBeHHOio i^ibBBooxiiD, OiaroAapa 
MuorocxopoHflefi nojeaHocxH MexajioBi h xtcHofi cbbsh MOflex- 
jiaro puHBa c^ MipoBUM^ MexajjiH^eciBMii puHBOMi. 

M'b flpHBeAeHHUxi» cjobi PasapAo bhaho, qxo, yBaBUBaa 
ua KOJEH^iecxBO, KBR'L HB FJiaBButt peryjHxopi ic&flBOcxH opyAii 
oSpau^eHia, obi bm^ji^ wh BHAy rjiaBfluui> o5pa30ui» speAftx- 
Bun opyAifl o6paB(eflifl b npeBMyu^ecxaeBHO OyMaasBua AOHbriL 
/I^tttcxBHxejikBo, xoxB HB^Bie Pbbbpao BMiexik BBAi* ooji^aro 
iiay^Baro saBoaa, bo obo busbbbo 6ujio JiaA^'BieM'b iJCbuHocTi 
SaBKOBbix'B 6BJiexoBi Bit ABFjiB, BO BpeHfl npeBpaBieBfa pa3- 
sitaa. 11 no oxBOuieBiio wh KpeAMXBUML opyAiflM'j>, mu Mosen 
noBXopBXii xoffie, ^ixo cbbsbjib npesA^- ^^jib puBOB:b bi> Aaa- 
Hoe BpeMfl BysAaexcfl a^h oGpa^eBia xoBapoB^ wb Hsal^cxBott 
cyMBii^ li^i^BHOGxefi BJB npeAcxBBiixejiett, xo axy cyMMy mosbo 
l>u:sAi^juxb Ba 6ojibmee bjih MCBbiBee BOJB^ecxBO opyAift o6pa- 
ii^eHin: b hi xbroh'b cjiyMai^ oxi i^i^iiHocxB KaxA^ro opyAiH 
o6pan^eBifl bi oxA^^ibBOcxB 6yAexT> 3aBBctxi> bxt* ofintee kg 
.in^iecxBO. OnpaBeAJBBO, ^ixo a«5ii oOpameBia ayajBO naxapySje- 
Buxi Sbjcxob'l b^ ABft;Wrb pasb 6o*ibme, itML cxopySje- 

BKIX1): BO B 3A%Cb MH BBABM'L, MXO KOJIiUeCXBO OpyAiQ 3aBB- 
CBXl 0X^ BX1> IfbBBOCXB, B BC BBOGopOXL. 

3x0 saSjyffiAeflie Pbkbpao , oxi Boxoparo obi cani BBpo- 
newb oxKasajCB oxqacxB *) , pasBBjoct b'l u^kAun xeopia 061 



a) PHKapAO, Bi cBoem npoent A^meearo h stpHaro opy/tU o6pameHui, 



— 87 — 

iiCffj»>qHTejii»Hofi aaBMCHMocTH iflHHOCTH SyMBBBUXb jifiEBn (yn 
nxi KOJif«iecTfia^ a laKse o can ocioHxeibHofi i^tRuocTH npeAHTa^ He- 
saBHCHMo 0Tb peajHaaqJH h o nosynaTeJibHoit CMJi'b,Rafi'B i^'6hhoctm. 

A'bJtcTBHTe.ibHO , paaeMaxpHBaa ysejiRqeHie KonHqecTBa, 
Rasii yBejH^eHie npeAJioxeHia, mu HoseM'b csaaaib, ^to, no 
TeopiH PiifiapAO, OyMasHua A^HbrH ne HMtorb ecrecTBeHHott 
uiHHocTH, a OAHy puHOHHyio; ee cosxamrb caHufi HHieHCHB- 
iiufl copdci»» HOPyuMA yeejawTb hxi i^ftHHOCTb Aase Bume 
Totl, Ha KOTopyio OHH HanRcaHU, h npeAJOsenie (ROiRqecTBo), 
peryiHpyioiiiee exy U'bHHOCTb. 

Ho RpeAHTHiae npeACTaBRTejm hoh6tu hb HMtiOTii caMo- 
cToaTeAbHofi i^tHHocTH, H, TojibRO 6jiaroAapfl ipeARTy. npex- 

CTHBJHiOrjb COOoil) OOTeCTBeUHyK) H pUHOMHyiO UtHHOCTh TOft 

MoueTM, Ha BOTopyio OHR HanRcaHU. Do aiOMy, yMeHbiuenie 
uv^AiORseHiH (KojHqecTBa) OyMasHUxi. A^nerb ne Moseii no- 

BMCHlb HX'L l^tUUOCTH BWIie TOfi, Ha ROTOpyK) OHH HanHCaHU. 

Ch 4pyroA cTopoHbi, yaejiimeHie npeAJK^enifl (BOJiHqeoTBa), 

AtftCTBUTOJIbHO MOlKerb BJIJflTb HC Hd CaHOCTOflTejbHyiO I^'bH- 

nocib SyMasHUX'b flfiReiii (KOTopofi ohr ne RMtioT'bX a na 
3fla<ieuie uxi*, khb^ npeACTaBHiejiefl ROHeTU, h to TOibKO bii 
cjyyaib npeKpaiueHla pa3MlbHa. 

Mu BHA^JH, qio, npH yBejiuieuiH KoiuqecxBa aeoHKoft mo- 
HeTu, HajiHiueK'b en, OjiuioAapfi pasHOCTOpoHHefl nojieanocTH 
MCTaMOBb, oSpainaercfl na APyi'in uoxpeOHocTa h uoTOMy pw- 
l^oqaaa i^'bHHocTb HOHeru ne noABepiaexcH ROjeOauiHM'b. fipe- 
WHUfl me Oeaitpoi|,eHXHbifi 3HaKu cb pa3HtuoHi» no npeAi>- 
fliueHlR HeroAHU, hr nin coepeseHia, hh j^m naBonjieHia Ha- 
uaxaioBb, R xo.ibRo, OjiaroAapa nocxoHHHoit boshoshocxh pas* 
Miua H upeRpauieuiH caMaro o6H3axej[bCTBa, na pbiHKib, xuKoro 



^OBopHTT,, HTO XJM ycTpaHcflia 3jioynoTpe6jieHifi npH BunycKt 6yMawHwxi xg- 
Hen .lyHme Ririero neAhza upHAyMaTb, Kairb o6a3aTejiBHUtt paaM'tHi 6yMa«- 
HUxx xeHerb na MOHeTy h..ib MeTajui*. 



- 88 - 

poja .iHaiffl npHHiMaiDTCfl B^b o^Mfkwh H MoryrB BaxepsHBaTb 
cyiuecTBOBame o5iisaTejibCTBa Ha AOjroe Bpeiifl. Bcflsit ii3ai- 
meR^, T. e. EOieqecTBo, npeBumaioiiiee norpeSHocTH puHsa 
Bi> opyAiflxik oSpamieHiff, ip^'buuaeTCfl hm pasiitiia m au 
npeispaiifeHifi caMaro otedaxejibCTBa. Cji'bAOBaTejbHO , ao npe- 
KpaqeHilE pasntHa RomiiecTBO He nHteni HiisaKoro BJriflHia 
Ha i^lkHfloeTb npeACTasffiraieit noHeru. 

ToJibxo BTb Tovb ciyqa'b^ RorAa paaMtE'b npcRpan^eHi. m 
flBJiaercff BBiHyoAemutt Kypoi, Moaerb nacTb KpeiirL h go- 
BepmcHHO yHH^TOsHTb 3a RpeAHTHfinn BRaKaiTH 3Hawaie iipeji- 
cTaBHTeieft MOReiu; topar i^i^HHocTb dyflasHuxi x^nerb^ se- 
3aBii0RMo OTi ROJonecTBa;) npeBpani[aeTCfl B'b Hyjrb. Egjih se r 
nocii^ nprapan^eRiR paan^Ha apeARTb m nnoMt paBpyiueHi, 
TorAa caMbitt xapaRiepi RpeAVDB^ ca^^iku eoBepmeHHo mst- 
HHeTCfi: nwh oSfldaTejibCTBa ci^ pasHtRoifb no npeAi»flBjegii 
BpeAHTHbiit dHBRi npeBpai^aeTCfl bx oOfldaTencTBo ci> peajR- 
3auieK) vb 6oj['6e Bin Mevbc OTAajEeHHutt, yaicTo HeonpeAiiefl- 
Hull cpoE^ H noAJfeERn, RavL npeAciaBRTejib loft ql^HflOGTM, 
Ha ROTapyK^ om HanRcaHi>^ y«i6Ty n ctpaxoBoi itj^eMiii, Raai 
BCflvitt BeKcejb. GjAa^^^'^ 6*i^ao , h aA^cb ROAH^eOTBo wmeTb 
HMl^Tb BJiiflHie TOJbRo Ha EpeARTi^ H Ha R3M'bHeHie cami «opiui 
KpeAUTtkA CA'ftjRR, m He npRAaeTi H ae ysfeHbmaeTi i^I^h- 
HOCTH npeAcraBRTejrefi^ niesaBiiCHMo oib npeAHTa n peaJHsaiyR '). 

H Tarb, mu mimmi cBasaib^ nio ii[%flHoefb MMeTH n 
i^HHOCT^ RpeA'HTHHX'b opyAift o6pan|enifl , HanHcaHHUx'b hb 
MOHery^ saBrtcRT'b orb i^toHoerft 6jiaropoAHuii> HeTaiJOBb. 

TaR^ rbri nocpeACTBOiiiir HesAyR&pOAHofi toproBJiR upo- 
RCXOAHTL Boo6^e ypaBHeme qtHHocTR ToaapoBi wh paBHtiu 



a) Cm. BnpoMem Die Geschichte und Bestimmung der Preise von Th. 
Tooke und W. Neumarch. Deutsch und mit Zusatzen versehen von Dr. C. W. 
Ascher. Dresden, 1862. Erster Band, zweite Hftlfte, Capitel XXll. cTp. 617 h cjU- 
A Tas&e Die Geld- und Credfttbeorie der PeePschen Bankacte von Dr. Adolph 
Wagner. Wien, 186!^, 



— 89 ~ 

cTpaaaxi, to h pasHHi^a b'l i^^hhocth SjiaropoAHUXi) M6Taj[- 
jOB'b Ha AByxi OTA^^UHUX'B puHKaxi, HMtiuii^HXii MesAy 
C060H) nocTOflHflU)! ToproBUff CHomeHifl) He HOserB nojiio npe- 
BUiuaTb HSAepaes'L npoBosa MeTajiJiOBi> h bi> HSBtcxHofi cxe* 
neHH TOBapoBi^ HOTopue OTAaioTCfl bi> oOMtHi 3a Meiajurb. 
GjtAOBaTejiiiHO , BescejibHMft Rypci, HHse bthxi HBAepaces'L 
npoBOBH HJiH BKime HXi, HOseT'B BO HHorHxi) cjiy^aaxii cbh- 

A'bTeibCTBOBaTL paSHHI^t Bl I^tHHOCTH 30JI0Ta H Cepe6pa Q'h 

HByxt crpaHaxTi, HaxoAflmiixcH MeajAy co6oh) bt> TOproBuxii 
cHomeuiflX'b , xoth anpo^eMii ohl BioaserL HHorAa CBHAtiejib- 
CTBOBaTb TOJibKO HepeMtHaxi Bi i^tHt Apyrnxi xoBapoBi, 
o5H'bHHBaeMUX'L Ha MeiajiJiii. Bo bcabom'l me cjiy^ia'^, bck- 

CeJ[|>HIilit RypCL CBHAl^TeJlLCTByeT'L npHJIHB'6 HJIH OTJIHBt Bl 

AaHHofi cTpaH'6 GjiaropoAUMXi MeTajuioBi, xoth 6u i^tHHOCXb 

nil OCTBBaJiaCb hcusm'^hhoio. 

HyieMX MeffiAynapoAHoft ToproB,iH, ne tojilko pacnpocipa- 

flilJOTCfl HSMtHOHiH Bl I^^HHOCTH MeiajIJIOB'b, npOIICXOAHDUH OTh 

n3MtHeHifl H3AepffierL npoH3BOACTBa hxt* , Hanp. BCJi^ACTBie 

OT£pUTifl HOBUX^, OCOSOHHO oSlIJIbHUX'L pyAHHHOBl>, HO H ypaB< 

flHBBioTCfl H crjiaasHBaioTCH BBesanHhifl nepeM'^HU bl i^'6hhocth 

MeTaJUI0Bl>, BK[3UBaeMUfl T0pr0BI)I51H H A^HeaSHUMH KpH3HCaMH. 

HaKOHei^'B, B'L cipaHaxt, hc naitwmHX'L pyAHiiKOB'L, SajiaacoMi 
•^arpauHMHofi ToproBJH noAA^P^i^Baexcfl paBuoB'gcie cnpoca h 
npeAJ[ose»ifl na 6jaropoAHbie Mexajjiu. 

IIpHHHMaH BO BHHHauie SaBHCHMOCXb I^^HHOCXH AeHcrb OXli 

AtHHocxH SjiaropoAHLix'L MeTajJOBt, mu MoateMTi CKasaxb, qxo 
nepeMtHH Bb i^tHHOcxH A^H^rb npoiicxoAflX'L, hm oxt npH'iHH'b 
BceoSn^ux'b, mw me oxi> upiniiiHi>, A^HcxByiomuxb Bb upeAt 
•lax'b H3Btcxflaro rocyAapcxBa. 

Bt nepBOM'b cjiyiat, HSMtHenie i\tHH0cxH AeHerii Mowexii 
flpoBcxoAHXb ox'L yM( iibuieHia \mi yBCJiiqenia utimocxH 30Juxa 
H cepeSpa bo Bctx'L cxpaHaxi, cocxoamnxb mmnj co6oh) bt* 



— 90 — 

ToproBux'L CHOiiiefflflxi). TdJUh Hanp., ecjm, Bcari^xcTBie oxEpuTifl 
auepuKaHCHHXii pyAHHROBb, i^'bHHOcTb OiaropoAttuxi meTajMOBi. 
noHH3UJiacb, H BCJl^ACTBie axoro cooTBtTCTBemo Boapacjui i^ibRU 
EctTh Apymxii TOBapoBii, to Tasaa aepeutHa bt» iii'kHHOCTH 

jSfiEeT'h AOJasHa 6uTb Bceo6ii^a wb i^i^joirb ToproBOJH Mipib. 

HdirtHeflifl see wb u'6hhocth A^neri, orpaHHWBaioiititf ca 
OAHOH) CTpanofo, saBHcaii otl nocTOAHHuxi n npaBHJbHuxi* 
ToproBuxi CHOineHiii c^ /ipyrnuii CTpauaHH, ypaBHHBaioiunxi* 

I^^HHOCTb MeT^JIJIOB^ Bl pHHOfi CTpaH'6, CB l^'bUHOCTbH) UX1> 
B^ OCTaJbHOM'L TOprOBOMb Hipl^. IIpiI dTOHl, TOprOBUtt Q^AmCTb 

H BeRcejbHuft Rypcb Moryrb wb dHa^HTeJbHoft cxeneHH o6b- 

flCHHTb, U CpaBHHTeJIbHOO COCTOHHiC I^I^HHOCTH 6jiaropoAHUxi» 

MeiajJioBii^ H nenevb bti cipant C7> i^'bHEocxiio HXb Ha ocxajb- 
Huxi pMRRaxi) FjiaBHtttmifl se ndntiieHia i^tHHOCXH nen^n 
Bii OT^'l^JibFiofi cxpaHJ^ 3aBHCflxi> 0Tb cocxoflHifl A^HeasHott cn- 
CTOMbi, KOTopaa onpeAtjaex^ MOiiexHyio eAHHHBiy, a qacxo n 
3HaqeHie KpeAHxa bi oOpau^eHiii. 

OcHOBbiBaacb Ha BKiiiiecKasaHHOM^. npn nacjI^A^i^dHiH co- 
CTOffHia jieHefflHoro puHKa bi* Poccin ox'b 1700 ^o 1762 ro^a, 
MM nocxapaeMCfl paacMoxpl^Tb cji']&AyH)nue Boiipocbi: 

1) Cocxoanie ^'feHH0CTH 30Jioxa h cepeSpa na eaponeft- 

CKOMl* pWHKt B-b XVni BtEt; 

2) ToproBbia CHOuieHia PocciH ox'b 1700 jjo 1762 ro^a 
Cb APyr"MH napoAaMH, npeHMymecxBeHHO eBponeficffnMH, ii 6a- 

jancb ea ^arpaHH^Hofi xoproBJin* 

3) Pa3pa6oxKy coOcxBeHHMXb sojoxbixi h cepe6paHHbixT> 
pyAHHROB^ Bi PocciH Bi pascMaxpHBaeMbift HaMH nepioAii: 

4) MoHexHyio CHCxeMy ci 1700 no 1762 roA'b; 

5) BcRcejbHbift EypcT» b oOiuia cBtA'feHia oxHocHxejibHO 
i^'bH'b Ha xji'&6'b B'b PocciH. 

UcxouHHRH, RoxopuMH Mu nojbsoBBJiHCb, 6yAyrb yRa- 

3aHU Bb Bb1H0CRaX^. 



rJIABA nEPBAfl. 

O v&HHocTH djiaropoAHBixi* MOTajiJCOB'B Ha esponefi^ 

OKOK'B pblHRd^ BT* XVIII CTOJI'^TiH. 



BoceHHajmaTuit b%ri> ][m MeTajiJiH<iecBaro puHRa Esponu 
RBJifleTCH T%M% nepioAOMTi Bi» HCTopiH dojoia H cepe6pa, BorAa 
norpeceHie., nponsBeAeHHoe oTRpKiTieMi aMepHRancRnxi pyAHH- 
BOBi^ ysieHLniajiock Ma.io-no-Majiy ^ h HaRoaei^T) coBepmeHHo 
H3riaAHJiock, 6jaroAapH rjiaBHbiM'b oSpasoMii OucTpONy broho- 
HmecBOMy pasBHTiio EBponu h AirepHRH. Ho y rjaBHux'b aB- 
TopHTCTOBTi B^ HayB* HO .9T0My Bonpocy MH BCTpfe^aeM'b He 

OJlHHaBOBUfl P'^UieHifl. 

A. CmHTI rOBOpHTB, HTO Cli 30 rOflOBl H AO ROHIta XVII 

CTOJi'feTiff C6pe6po A^psRajocb bi> oahoS uibEi^; uotowl i^^ea 
cepe6pa aa^aja noARHMaxbCH bo Bce npoAo^aseHJe XYIII Bi^Ra "). 
Omhti> OGHOBbiBaerii CBott buboai* na noHRseHin i^'bHi ea 
x.i1^6i> ^ ROTopoe oSnapysKHJiocb Biy KOEajk XYII B^Ra u npo- 
Aojfxajiocb no^TH Becb XYIII BtR'L. /J^McTBHTejibHo^ anrjiiftcBiit 
R ji^me Apyrie (ROHTiiHeHiajibHbie) xji'^Shuc puhrh XYIII b^rb 
npeACxaBJflioT^ 3aMli»iaTej!bHHff nepioAnqecRifl ROjeOania u^kE^h ; 

HO BblBOAT* CMHia H0JIb3ff CIHTaib BtpHWMl, yffiC HOTOMy, ITO 



a) Aaavb CMgj^ Hacjit^ o npiipoAt h npHHUHaxi 6oraTCTBa HapoAOBi» 
nepesoA. n. A 6H6HK0Da. 1866, touii i, cip. 393. 



- 92 - 

npn H3CJii^A0BaHiflX'L vlkn'b Ha xJitS^, ohi orpaHHqHBaJicH 
y3BHMH npe^l^JiaHH HeMHorHxi HSBi^cTHUXTi eny puHBOBi>, rjiaB - 
HUM-h oSpadOHi) anrjiittcBHHi h ox^acTH opaHi^yacRHirB : o Apy* 
riixii me BOETHHeHTajbimx'B puHEaxi* y aero ae Oujo CBtAi^Hitt. 

MeiK;](y TtMi» pse aarjiitcKifi Toaapauft puaoE'b, no bo- 
npocy i^taax^ aa pfj^ie TOBapu^ fipoM'6 xj'bSa^ a ocoOchho 
Bt ulhni paSoqeS njaxu, npeACTaBJEHJib aBJieaia, coBepmeuHo 
npoTHBopi^'mRmiff BUBoj^aMi) CHHTa. Hl^ROTopaa npaBHJkaocTb 
ROJieSaaiii q'&a^ aa xjrkfih aacxaBajic) GiinTa HCKdTb oSiflcaeuifl 
^Toro HBJieaiH bb Taaofi o6n^ett npa4HH'6, Raai nsH'bHeHie u,tii- 
HOCTH SjaropoABbixi HeTajuroBi^ h npiftra Kh saKJUoqeiiiio^ mto 
Ui^HBOCTb 6j[aropoAHiiix'L MexajiJioB'L bi» XYIII hii^t jme m^- 
HHOiajracb. 

MesAy TtMi), cy^a no ufbHi paGoMeft ajiaxu ei Anrjiff, 
Tflfk ona fii> uepayH) nojioanay XYIII bI^rb y»e sna^iHTejbHo 
B03BUcn.vaci>, Moasao 6uao iipittin rb coaepmeHHo npoTHByno- 
joHCHOMy saKJioqeHiio. H A'&ftcTBiiTe.ibao, TyRi) mcA^flflnaBuiit 
Tn^axejikHo npa^HHu ROJieSaaiit i^tuT» aa xjit6i b'b XVIH BtBt 
Bi> Aarjia, npaaajii i^l^ny pa6oqeft njaxBi 3a MacmTa6^^ npa 
ptineaiH Bonpoca o cocToaaia i^%bhocth OjraropopHXi. Mera.!- 
jOBi B^ aT0Ti> nepioAi, a npHmejn> r'i> saRjnowaiH) , coaep- 
uieaao iiecxoAHOMy cl ptmeaieMi Cmhtb. Oa-L roaopHTb, 'tto 
BJiiaaie aMepuKaacRHX^ pyAaHROBT> npoAOJimaJiocb a b^ X^III 
BtR*, — ittaaocTb cepeSpa op nojOBHHH XVIII Bt>Ra npo^oj 
aajia ace en^e noRBasaTbca •) Ho a pa TyRa Majio H3B*CTau 
6mjih ROBTHaeHTajibaMc pmbrh^ RpoMt <[^paHi^y3CRaro , a x^xe 
^ocJl'fej^Bia ae Morb y»e buojib* cjiyaaxb noj(XBep»AeHieMi> ero 

BUBOp. 



a I Die Geschichte und Bestimmung der Preise. von Th. Tonke und W. 
Newmarch. Deutsch und mit Zusatzcn versehcn von Dr. C. W. Asher. Dresden 
1862. B 1, § 31. 



— 93 - 

JlyMuiee, no HaveMy MH^Hiio, n Sojite npHHHToe ptmenie 
9Toro Bonpoca bi HayRife mu HaxoAHH'L y Fejiii^epHxa Opoio 
Hsi rjiaBHuii 3apni> ero RSCJ^AOBaiiifl o nepio^iNccRHX'B ko- 
je6aBiHXi i^tuHOCTH oiaropoAHUXi HeTaiiOB'B, Neas^y npoinnii 
nocTSBJieHo pliiueHie Bonpoca o BpeneHH npoRpau^eHifl BJiiflHiH 
amepHBaHCRHXi pypiKOB'L Ha noHHSCHie i^%hhocth ccpe6pa 
Bi> Efipont OciiOBUBancb na TqaiejibHOH'B HayveHin cociouHifl 
Htwh^ He TOJbRO xj'bSa h pafiouefi njaTU, ho n ApyrHXi* npe/t- 
MeroB'L, a TaR»e na HsyveniH o6u^aro 9ROHOMH<iecRaro cocTOflfiiH 
Bcett EapoDU, reuoepifxi upuxoAHXL hi* TOMy saHJiioueHiio, 
^To yase ci> nojioBHiiu XYII ii ao rohi^b XYIII B^Ra eBponett- 
CRift HeiauHqecBitt punoRi ho iipeACTaBJifleii oGh^hxti HBJieuiil 
noBumeHlfl mn noHHseuifl ii[%hhocth 6jaropoAHUXii MeiajJiOBi), 

a eCJU BT> OTAtjlbHUXT» CTpaHaxii, hjh hb RopoTRoe BpeHH II 

ooHapysHBRJiHCb R0Jie6aBifl u!kwb A^Heri, to ohh oCiecHflfOTCH 
ocofiuHR wacTHUMH ycjoBiflHH, orpaHH^HBaion^HMH CBoe BJiiiiHie 
TOdbHo Ha He6oj[bnioe npocxpaHCTBO h apeMfl*). 

OCHOBUBaHCb HB OO^HipajUiHUXli A^HHUX'b BOJ[HiieCTBt 

30J0Ta H cepe6pa, AoSuiaro B'b HcnaHCRHX'b h nopryrajibCRHX'b 
ROJioHiax^ AMepHRH, ryMGojbATb uojaraeTii, uto eseroAHutt 
opHjiHBi» 6jaropoAHbixi> ueiBMOBii na eBponeficRitt puHORi 
wb apoAOAxefliH ncpBoit hojiobbhu XVIII cTOJi'l^Tifl npocxHpajicfl 
Ao 22 Va MHJjiioHOB'b AOJapoBii. (h> hojiobhhu se XVIIl cto- 

JltliH npHJHB^ nOCTOflHHO B03paCTaJIl» , TBRl nro B'b HB^dJlt 

XIX B'&Ra OHi AOCTHF'b 43 muiji. AOJiapoBi ; cpeAHHMb qHCJOMi> 
ch 1750 HO 1803 roA'b FyMSojibATb cyHiaerb e»eroAHUfl npH- 
miwh B'b 35/300,000 AOJapoB'r. IlepioAU caHaro 5ojibuiaro 
BBosa MeiajiJOBii bi XYIII CTOJiixiH Sujth c% 1736 no 1745 



a) Von den periodischen Schwankungen im Werth der edeln Metalle von der« 
Eutdeckiing Amerikas bis zum Jahr 1830. £ine historisch-okonomische Mono 
graphii^ von Dr. J Helferich. Narnberg, 1843. S. 135. 



- 94 - 

H Cb 1777 no 1783 foa'b^ kofah MeECHKaHCRie pjAHHKa, 
iiocJii& ynapa Hotosh, aocthtih caMofi Sojbuietl paspaSoTKH 

Ho, BpoHi npHJHBa aojioia h cepe6pa h31> HOBaro CB'bxa 
Ha OBponeiicEifi puHOfii, KOHTHHeHiaiBHue pyAHHim EBponu 
npoAOJsajui xasse ycHJieHHO paspaSaTUBaibCfl , a ntsoTopue 

TOJIbEO Bli dTOWb CTOlibTUI 6£IJiH OTKpUTU. 

rejboepHXSy ocHOBUBaacb Ha BuqHOjeHiax'b Villfosse, o 
BOJiHqecTB'b aojiOTa h cepe6pa, Ao6uTaro h31> CTapuxi, rohth- 
HeHiajibHUXL pyAHHSOBii, nojiaraexb, qxo sojoia Ao6uBajocb 
Ao 5,300, a cepe6pa ao 212,000 Maposb, bmI^ct^ — oeojo 
2,900.000 AOJiapoBT, '). 

B-b dTOWb me ctoj^tih Hauajiacb pa3pa6oTEa ypajbCBsxi 
u cuOHpcEaxb pyAHHEOBi (BoHi^sifi, OjEOHei^Eofi ry6., ci> 1744; 
£epe30BCEift ci> 1754^ KojiuBaHCEie cb 1746 u HepqHHCJsie a 
1704). no o^^Hi^ajibHbiM'b cBl^A'&HiflMi^ H HcqHCjeBiio JlsoSa, on 
1704 AO 1810 Ao6uTO 1726 nyAOBb sojoia h 61,859 nyAOBb 
cepe6pa ; cpeAHHM'b yucjOMi> obojio 400,000 AOJapoB'b Bb ro^b. 

Ecju npH6aBHTb dxu i^H^pu Eb OBHaqeHHUM'b Bume, to 
nojy^HM'b o6fltyio cyMMy npHiHBa MexajuioBb aie oepaott no- 

JIOBHHbl XYIII Bl^Sa OKOJIO 25^2 HUJIJiiOHOBb fflJL^i^OB'bj B J(M 
BTOpoft nOJOBHHbi OEOJlO 35Vs MUU. AOJiapofii. 

SuaMBxejibHafl ^acxb axoro npHJHBa ap^oi^^hhuxi Me- 
xajEJioB'b fie ocxanajiacb EnpoqeMii wb £Bpon'6, a uija aa asiax- 
CEyio xoproBiH). 

AfioO'b cwxaexi* dxy noxepio Bi % aMepHEaHCEaro ii 
aopHBaHCEaro BBoaa, cpeAHUMb ^hcjomi oxb 1700 ao 1809 
roAa HicEOJibEO Oojbuie 15 mum. AOJiapoBi* e&eroAHO, cMHxaa 
noxepH no xoproBJl^ &% lomnoi kdia, AeBasrb u i^eHxpaju*- 
HotI km. 

OAHa Aurjiia no xoproBJi'6 cb HnAieio (ho c^iBxaa noxepb 



b) Cm. Ht)lferich. Von den period Schwann, im Werth der edl. Metalle. crp. 108. 



— &5 - 

fii Birrat h JeBaHTi) no ood^mvaibHtnrL minl^mswb otb 
1705 AO 1745 r. buboshtb oeojio 2V5 imu. AOJapoB^, a c% 
1770 no 1780 r obojio 3 hhu. ^o^apoB^ MewAY t^mx, 
BUBOB'L Bi> liHTaii u JIcBaBT'L 6^11 TBRse 3BaqHTe.iieHi EBpona 
Bi> 1766 roAY BuaedJia b^ BMiaM 2,688,000 ifiacxpoB'L *) , 
a Bi JleBaHTL oahb Ahtjui bi 1800 roAy Buaeaja obojio 
2% HHJiJi. AOiapoBi. 

re«ib«epHxii, noAsyflCb ciaTBCTHuecBHiau TaSmi^aMii Iljatt- 
Mpa, omeiaMH anrjiittcKoit oct'l-bhacboS ROMuaHiH n cbI^a'^- 

fliflMB R0HMHCiH<. COCTaBJieHHOit npH naJTBTt JIOPAOBI) BIi 1810 

roAy, f(M pa3iflCHeHifl BODpocoBs oTBOCHTejbHo MeTaMH^ecRaro 
puHRa, nojaraeT'B, qio oahb Anrjua noqiii bo Bce npoAOjacenie 
IVIII Bl&m xepfljia na HHAO-RHiaitcRofi ToproBJt orojio 2V2 
mu. AOJapoBi cpeABHMii qncjioM'B eseroAHo. Xoxa xpyABi^e 
onpeA'&JiHTb noiepH Apymx'L eBponeflcRHXi* napoAOBx bi AsIh, 
Eo MOSHo cRaaaih^ qxo, cpaBHHiejibHO cl o6i>eMOMi ToproBJH, 
Aarjifl lepfljia Menkine; ea ToproBuil OajiaHCB 6uj[i» ropasAo 
BuroAHte, noTOMyqxo, SjiaroAapa paaBHxiiO o6pa6axuBaioqeft 
opoHUUijeHHOcxH, OHa nocxaBJiHJia 6oju>ine oa6pHRaxoBT». Rpoulb 
Toro, eBpoiieflcRaa xoproBJia ci> Aaieio Ouja SHaqHxejbHi^e bi> 
XVIII B^R'b, MtMi Bi> Bauajrl^ XIX cxoj'bxifl, RorAa ona bch 
cocxBBJifljia He 6ojite noaoBHHBi anrjuficRoit. 

npH6jni3iixejkH0 mosho cwxaxb aecb bmbobi cepe6pa B'b 
RRxaft M HHAiio hsii sauaAHofl Eaponbi ox'b 6 ao 8 mhjj. ao- 
jiapoBi. EcJH npH6aBHXb clojifl noiepii b'l JleBanx'b h Ha rb- 
]iaBaHHott xoproBJ['6 <fpe3i> CeMHiiajraxHHCR'b (nocji^AHHfl anpo- 
qeM'b CA^Jiajiacb SHaqHxejbHOfo xojibRo bi* nocjii^AHeft nojidBHH'6 



a) HoAaL^t paneHii 135 icontltKaMi ; niacipi* 102 KoneltKH. Cm. Cour;^ 
d'economie politique par Henri Storch Kd. par J.-B. Say. tomx 4, CTp. 307^ 



- 96 — 

XYIII CTOJi^Tifl), TO o5aiyH) noxepio bi km hosho cuTaTL 
OTT» 12 AO 14 MHJiJ. AOJapoBi""). 

yMeHbmeme sojiHqecTBa 6jiaropoAHUX'b MeTaJioB'L na espo- 
neflcROMi> puHKl^ npoHCxo^njio He xojibRO otl BUBOsa bx Aaiio, 
HO n 0Ti> ynoTpeSjieHifl SjaropoAHLix'B MexajJOBi) ea npeAMexu 

pOCROniH, CHJBHO pa3BHBmefiCfl Wb dTOWb CTOJltXIH, a xaKJBe 

pa pasjH^HUx'L noA^^JOH'L h oti cxHpanifl bi> caMott Hoeext. 
OxHOCHxejikHo noxepii 6j[aropoAHuxi MexaJUioBi B^ npe^Me- 
xaxi pocEoniH h pasjHqHux'b noA'feJiBax'L, flHoOii, xiqaxejBHO 
HBCJtAOBaBinift axoxTb BonpocL, c^iixaext, too, .la BH^exoii 
noxepH wb A3iH, xepajiucb dXHAfB nyxeMi p'fe xpexn ocxaxsa 
eseroAHaro BB03a, x. e. orojo 3V2 mhjji. oynxoBi bi. ro;rB, 
— i^Hopa, npeBOCXOAflmaa baboc bwrncjiemn no axoMy npej(- 
Hexy FyHOojLAxa. PadCMaxpiiBaa , Ha RBRie HHeHHO npepmr 
no npenMyii^ecxBy ynoxpe6jiajiuci> bi> dxo BpeMH Sjiaropoj^e 
Mcxajju (cxojOBbie cepBU3Kr, no30JioxKr, nachi n apO^ FejiB^e- 
pHXi) cqHxaex'L oSu^yio effiero;(HyH) noxepio wb axflxii Beufan^ 
AJm nepBoft nojioBHHU XYKI b^rb, oxi 5 ao 6 hhu. AOiapoRB, 
a CB 1760 no 1790 r. Ao 8 mhjujohob'l. Ecjih axy noxepro, 
bmI^cx'6 ci cyMMOH) BUBosa cepeopa bi A3Uo, Buqecxb hsi 
o6qe& cyHHU eaceroAnaro npnpan^enifl ROJin^ecxaa 6jaropo;(- 
Huxi MexajuoBi, xo nojiy^HMi o5n^ee npHpaqenie hik fffiEem- 
naro puHRa Eaponu, hm nepaoft nojoBEHU XYIII Btsa orojo 
9, a HM nocj'&Aneit orojio 1 4 MRJiJiionoB'b niacxpoBii ^). 

%o flce Racaexcfl noxepn BCJ^ACxaie nopw n cxHpaHifl 
Monexu npH oOpan^enie, xo no H3CJiiA0BaHiflM'B JlRoOa bi 
AnrjuH OHa paanflJiacb 0,238% 0- T!^ ycjiOBia, Roxopua npu- 



a) Cm. Helferich laMii xe. 
b; Helferich cip. 115. 
c) r.iaBirfeiiinia mi<i>pu iicHnc/ienift ilKo6a : 

JloCuia 30J0Ta ii ccpo^pa bt» AMepHKt ott, 1700 jio 1809 npocTHpajacb 
Ao 7,147,000 «. exeroAHO Bcero aa bbcb nepioAi* .... 786,000,000 •. ct. 



-- 97 — 

HSMajHCB npH Bu^iHCjeHui aTofi iioTepi vb Ahfjuh, Wb XVIII 
BtRt eiqe He BesAt cyn^ecTBOBajiH wb fiBpoii'b, — paaBiiie 
fipepTa, A^nosHTHue SasBH h up. ; uanpoTuii, cyntecTBOBaji 
enie oGsnaft aapuBaib AeHbra wh seuio. BnpoqcMi, bo BTopott 
nojoBHHt XVin BtKa, npH noBceMtcTHOxi ycTpottcTB& 6aH- 
KOB'B, BunycKt 6yMa8iiuxi A^HerL, MeiajJiiqecKoe o6paqeHie 
Haqaio orparaMEBaTBCfl touro MeiKHMH njaTenaiui, lorAa 
EaiTL SoiBinie xoproBue oSopoiu aeiHCb yne npi noiioi^H 
speAHTa. nodTOMy, Feu^^epHxi cwTaeii noxepiD a^ BTopoit 

IIOJIOBHEOI XVIII B%Ka Wb fiBpOH^ HB nop^ft M0H6TU DOqiH 

TajsyH) se, bbki &eo6^ hm AarjiiH, x. e. okojio Vio%) ^ A^^ 
nepBoit nojioBHHU bi> y^Vo ')• 



Xo^vna, sojon bi A^pmct emeroAHo ao 853,000 •. ct. 

Bcero 94,000,000 •. ct. 

^ Hioro . . . »80,000 000 •. ct. 

Pacnpe/iijeRie ztott cnam cjt/iyDiiiee : 

1) ABt mttUTb Rft ToproaiD B'b AaiD h Ocrb-fLRjan . 332,000 000 •. ct. 

2) Hb% Tpera oeraTxft aa pasnuA nox'bjmi xpoMt 

HOBeTU 35?,00f\000 •. ct. 

.3) OcTaABoe Ba HOBery 176,000,000 •. ct. 

Bcero . . . 880,000,000 •. er. 

noTepB orb nopHx noBeru paBBHiacB, orb 1700 ao 
1809 roAB ■/«,, exeroABO, bju 4 buu. 9 a. aa cotbd •jbtobi. 

Bt 1700 r. eyvecTBOBajo MOBew Vb EspoDft, A^puA 
M AMepHKft 297,000,000 •. ct. 

Binerb aa Bopny 7I,000,(K)0 •• ct. 

226,000,000 •. CT. 

HOBOft HOBCTU 176,00<\000 O. CT. 

ft 

3a Bfneroirb BopHB 22,00<>,(X)i) «. ct. 

OcTaeTCB 15l,(K){i,00() o. ct 

Hforo Bceft cepe6pflBBoll u aojoToft mohctu bii 
Eepont, A^pRKt h AMepnict irb KOBiiy 1809 roAa. . . . dSO,000,0<)0 o. ct. 
Cmot. Tooke und Neumarch, tomii 2, CTp. 465. 

a) Cmot. Helferich, CTp. 117. 



— 98 -^ 

lh% cBasafiHaro hosho BUsecTH cjrbAyioniee o6qee sa- 
KJDDqeHie: npHnBi Sjiaropopmi* MeTajufOBi aa eBpon^CRiA 
puHOKi vh Teqeme acero XYID ataa npoAOisaicfl npaBHJibHOf 
nocxeneHHo BospacTaa mi> TOffk wb roAi, Seai bchkhx'l bhc- 
sanauxi norpflcemft. 

Ha ocHOBaHiR H^ROTopiix'B A^Hmixi npoSoBaiH onpeA^- 
muh EOimecTBO Gjiaropopux'B MeiauoB^b, ocraBmeecH wb 
o6paii|eHiR aa esponeftcRHxi puBKan bi XYIII Biat on 
npesHHX'B BpemeBii. TairB, ren^epHxi cqaraeTii bi aa^ajt 
XYIII Btoa ROJimecTBO oSpan^aBmarocfl Heraua wb 960 em 
970 mu. AOiapoBi ; novra wb T'6mi» ase buboabh'l npHBOAan 
H3Cj[1^A0BaHie TyMSojibATa, ocHoaaHHoe aa Hcqacieau! KOunecTsa 
Aeaerii, oSpamaBmaxca bo OpaaiiiiH ai aa^ajt XYin Btxa. 

IIpHBHHaa dTO BirarcjieHie , cAjsjeT'b nojiaraTB , nto n 
nojioBHHt XYDI Btsa KOjnraecTBO 6iaropopiix'B Merajioiiih 
Haxopameeca bi> o6pani[eBiR b'l Eapoirb, paaHHiocb noqia 
1100 MRU. AOiapoBi, a pa 1790 r. 1513 mru., — aojH^e- 
CTBo, yAOBJieTBopaBmee noTpeSHOcTflMi TorAamnflro pEiaaa, Tan 
EaEi BcasoHy HSJEnnry 6ujii otkputl bbixoai na aaiaicsif 
puBOE'B, Ey^a oinpaBUJca owb^ ae TOJLbKO He npoRsaop ai- 
EBERXi noTpaceaifi aa eaponeftcROHi puHRt, ho, HanporaBi. 
H86aBj[fla sTOTi nociiAHifi on RdnmHaro nanjUBa Oiaropo^- 

HUXl mTBiMOB'b. 

BnpoqeiTb, noTpe6HOCTR TorAamaaro puHEa wb opyAiflX'B 
oSpanteaifl Gun HecpaaHeHHo 6ojiBme acefi cyMMU HaxoAHB- 
maxca ai oGpameaiH MeTajum^iecEHX'B A^aen, noroHy qro, EpoMt 
Rxi, Bi XYIII atei EpeARTi laEse aaqajTL arpaTb Basayio 
pojib Bi> A^aeacHOMi oSpan^eniR. 

Eqe aa aojito ao XYIII aiaa aib Eaponi cyni[ecTBOBaii 
6aHE0Bua y^pesA^Hia, RMtanna xapasTepi A^noaHTaimi 6af' 
EOBi. TaEOBu 6lijir BeHeitiaacEift cb 1349, reayadcsiii ch 
1407, AMCTepAaMCEift cb 1609, raM6yprcsi& ci 1619, Hd- 



— 99 — 

p6B6eprcKil ci 1621, PoTepxaMCBii ci 1635, fflBexcBiS cb 

1657 H j(p ''); HO 3Haq6Hie dTHii OaraoBii oxHocaxeaHo ac- 

Hesuaro o6paiueHifl 6uj[o mfi cpaBHixeuHO HeaHauxejibHO. 

Ohh npexoxpaHUH noaexy oxi nopu, npoHSBopn ^epeBox^ 

no BKiaxaMii, — A^baxejiBHocxB m fbwb no^H h orpaHHU- 

Baiacb. rioOflepi cuxaerb AiicxepAaMCRitt 6afln nepBmii» 

BiimycTiiBiiiiiM'& 6u&m , — ho bxo Ouuli nepBuil omnrL. Bi 

XVII cToiftxiH niBeACKitt SaHn naqau BimycBaxb 6uexu h 

BOTOMi nepButt Ha^aji 3ioynoxpe6iflXB ui Bunycxom. Bi 

XYIII se cxoj[ftxiH o6opoxHUC 6aHKH ABJUioxcfl no^xH bo bcAii 

rocyxapcxBaii h CBoeit A^AxenHocxH mmi'b aecBiia niHpoKie 

paanftpu. Tan, b'l axoiii Bftst oxspuaaexcfl nepaafl BHOxa, 

AtflxejibHOcxH anrjiitcKaro 6aHRa. Owb ocHOBani enie bi 1694 

roAy, HO ffi 1716 roAa . KOJuraecxBO Ghioxobii, BUflyn^eHHoe 

u\ He npeaufflaio 1 MHJuioHa a>yHX0Bi. Bi 1730 r. ro- 

wecTBO Hxi Bospacio AO 4 MHU. B'b 1750 r. 6aHKi CAt- 

Aiiib saem upaBHXMbcxBy vb IP/s mhju. o. cxep., a bi 

1760 r. KOuqecxBO Shjcxobi Bunyn^eHHoe hmi Boapacio ao 

5 HHJi., Hoxon n KOHiiy XYIU atea BunycEi Chjeoxobi 

AODieji'L AO 10 HHU. Bi xaKoil se noqxH nponopipH miH bu- 

nycKH CftiexoBi h seiicKHiiH GansaMH wb kmwL. 

8% 1695 roAy ocHoaaffL OIoxjaHACRift GaHKi; ho xoibRO 
ci 1716 roAB, no yHH^xo&eHUi npHBHieiitt, Ha^a^a paaan- 
BaxbCfl moxiaHACKafl CaHKoaafl CHCXOHa; ci axaro apeHenH 
6aHRH wb nioxjiaHAiH qpesBuqattno paaiiHOSHncb ^ Ohjcxu h 
qeiH CA&iaucB noqxH HCumHxeibHUMH opyAiflMH oSpaiueHiflt 

Bo OpaHALH Jlo cb 1716 h no anpl^ 1720 r. ycntn 
BuoycxHXb Wb o6paqeHie Chioxobi hb 2,600,000,000 jub* 
poBi; BunycKOiTB axHHi Bapoqem RpoAHXi npaaHxejibCTBa 
TBRii 6uii noxpflceni, «ixo xoibro ci 1776 roAa home onaxb 



a) Die Baaken von Otto Wftbner. Lelipag. 1854; S. 2. 



- 160 - 

fifiiiTbCfl 6yMa2KHUfl AeHbFH, HO yse ob 1783 roxa ci «fii- 
nyasA^HHUMi fifpcoMii. — HlBeACBifi Gaeirb, HHtBinifi CHa^a^a 
xapaRiepii saeMHaro h sHpo-GaaEa, BCTynm noxom bi 

CAlbJBH Cl npaBHXeJIbCTBOM'L' H Ha^ajTB BUDyCBaXb 5hi6th ci 

pa3MtH0Hi> Ha M^Ab. RpoMl^ Toro, Bi 1736 ro/iy yqpe&xeHi 
GaHRi Bi KoneHrareHt, ROTopufi yse rii 1780 ro^y Bbiny- 
CTHJii Bi o6pa^eHie cbohxi SHJieTOBi ea 11 Mui. TaiepoBi. 
HaROHei^ii Bi dTOMi se crojtoiH RUBuyrcn: BftHCiii 6aHKx 
cb 1703 , BepjiHHCRiM cb 1765 h pyccRiM AccHTHaipoH- 
Huit OaHRi. 

HecoMHtHHO, qio laRifl rpoMaAHUfl cpeAOTBa A^HesHaro 
puHRa Eaponu bi XYIII Bfktb Aaaajm B03M0SH0CTb, npH oo- 
Mon^ff HeHbmaro BOJiH^ecTBa MeTauHyecRHX'b A^aerb, npois- 
BOAHTb SojEbuiie ToproBue ofiopoTbi. Ho tbri* RaRi RpeAHinu 
opyAifl 6bij[H pacnpeA^JieHU h6 se&ni paBHOHipno^ HanpoTHVk, 
orpaHH^HBajHCb Hsai^cTHbiMH puHRaMH H ffBifljHCb npH Ton 
Ri pasHoe BpeMfl^ to B03HHRa6Ti Bonpoci : He Mono ju mcftTb 
BjiflHifl pasMHoseHie RpeAHTHuxi opyAifi o6pani[eH]fl Ha i^h- 
HocTb SjiaropoAHbTxii HeTajJOBi, tbhi RaRi yaeiHveHJe ipe- 
AHTHuxi opyAift o6pan(eHifl aojsho 6iuio BiiTfecHfiTb Hoaery 
H^ii CTpani, Tffb npeoSiaABJio RpeAHTHoe oOpaqeHie, h croh- 
jTHTb ee B-b CTpanaxi ci odpaqemeirb woto HerajuortecREn, 
H cj'bAOBaTejibHo, yaejiHqHBafl npeAJOseme, noHHsarb i^tHHOcib 

MBTaUOBl. 

finojiH^ cnpaBeAJfflBO , qTO npHiHB'b dBOHRott noHefii si 
CTpaHM 0% iJHCTO MeTauH^ecRHifb o6pan^eHieirb AOisevb Suji 

A'bfiCTBOBaTb TBRSe, RaRl H OTRpUTie HOBHXl pyAHHROBl, oco- 

6eHuo ecjH puHOfi> 6iiJi'b OoJite hjih MOffbe HBonpoBaffb; ho 
He cJil^Ay^'n* Tasike ynycRaxb H31> bhay ^ toto^ vto BJriflHie 
KpeAHTa Kb TaRHxi cjyqafiX'b ropa3Ao MeHbine, qi^m o6hrho- 
BeHHo cMy npHnHCbUBaiOT'b. UpesA^ acero citAyerb npiHiiTb 
BO BHHMauie ^ mo m aa bch> Maccy BfiinyqeHHUXi RpeART- 



— 101 - 

fliixi opyxifl oSpaqeiiifl yBejnnnBaercg ROjnmecTBO bcI^xi* opy- 
o6paii^6Hifl Bi erpaHft. Tbri 6aHRH, BunycRaioii^ie RpeAHT- 
Hue pasMi^HHue anaRH, AOJisBnu a^PSATb bi aanacfe ajiii pas- 
HftHa STHX'L SHaROBi MBTajuniqecRiit pasHtHHutt ooha'b, roto- 
puit CuBaeTL 6ojAe hih Mente SHaqRiejieHi h cocTaBjfleTi 
Hanp. oxHy xperb Bcefi laccu Bunyn^eHHUx'L RpeAHTHuxi »Ha- 
lOBi, KaKi ipeSoBajia npesHga npaRiHRa 6aHROBaro A^^a. 

BpoH« Toro , Bi CTpaH« ci 6yMasHUin> oSpaqemeHi 
Bcerxa ecxb qacTHua jnoiia, ROiopua, rbri eanp* GaHRHpu, 
ynepsHBauTb bi cbohxi aaccaxi nsBtcTHym aojik) MeTauH- 
^ecRHX'b A6Herx aj^ nenpeABHAi&Hfiux'b sbohrhxi njaiesefi; 
spyrifl, ocoSeHHo npH BUHysAOHHOMi Rypci 6yMasHUX'B a^- 
lerb, npflqyrb Moaeiy, RaRi jry^mee opyAie c6epeseHifl Ra- 
rarajioBii, npH h6 HopHauHoifB cocToaRiK puHRa. 

Cj^b Aoaaie JbHO , yaejiRiieHieMi RoiHwecTBa opyAift o6pa- 
qeaifl mo2Bho cqjiTaTb touro Ty qacTb ii^tHHOCTH RpeAHTHUxi> 
opyjqft, KOTopaa ocTaeTca aa BuqeTOHii osHaqeHHUXi Bume 
cyvn. Ho sto npHpaqeHie, no OTHomeHiio Kh idpoBOHy puHRy, 
5uBaeTi o6uRR0BeHH0 tbri hh^tosho, qio pl^A^o, no HH'feniK) 
Tysa,M08erb noHHSHib i^^HHOCTb Meiaua Aase na 1% mh 
Ha 2% ; Tl^wb 6oj[£e, qio BunycRi npeACTaBHieJibHMX'b ana- 
KOBi HBJifleTca ne BesA^ OAHOBpeHenno h ne BApyri wb 6ojik- 
QiRxi cyimax'b, laai qTO H3JiHnieRi> MeTajiJiHqecRHXi> A^neri 
ycn^BaeT'b orucRaib hm ce6H BuroAHoe noM'^n^enie, npesA<^ 
HtMi CAtjaeTCfl aaHtTHUH'b nonHasenie i^tHnocTH MeiajiJia. 

OpH TOHi se, paaBHTie RpeAHia ne ociaeicfl 6c3i> BJimnifl 
Ba BCH) BROHOHHwecRyH) A'^RTCJibnocTb BBpoAB \ RpeAHTHBifl opy^ifl 
MtHu, BunycRaeMUfl Raai qacTHUira RpeAHTHUMH ycTanoB^ic 

HiaHH, TdRl H npaBHTeJIbCTBeHHUMH , 0CB060]BAafl qacTb Ha- 

poABaro RanHTaja, daTpa^ennaro bi Monexy, o6jicrqafl o6pa- 
Qeaie napoparo 6oraTCTBa , cnocoSciByioT'b pasBHTiio npo- 
HuniMHHoS H ToproBoit A^HTeJbHOCTH , H HHorAa, ne loJibBo 



— 102 ~ 

He npeBumaiorb HMffion^eitcfl noTpeSnocTH bi> 6oibmewh bo- 
jDi^ecTB^ opYAiit oSpaqemfl na piiHRi, ho bi xose BpcMH 
jffiWTh M^CTO pasBBBHTBCH spyintfB cypporaTaiffB oSpaqeHui, — 
BeBcejiflHi, TpaiaiTL n t. n. % 

Qto Racaercfl XYIII Bi^sa , to mu yRasam ysc^ 
iiTO eBponeftcBiS puHORi mAn npaBHJbHufi n nocTOAHHuft 
c6uTL n3J0imRa HerauoBi* bi Asiio. Ha caMOMise MaxepEKt 
pasBHTie RpepxHaro o6paQeHifl oSnapysHBajocb toaro ne- 
pioAnecRRMH npRjniBaiiH n oTMBairn MeTajuroBii bi OTA&ib- 
mmh ^acTflxi puHRa, cHOTpe no GonmoHy ulsr MeHbrneiy 
pasBHTiio RpoAHTa B'B To8 njDi Apyroft CTpaH'6. TaRi wb nep- 
Boii nojioBBHi^ XVllI B^Ra npHjmBX cepeSpa h OTqacTH tombko 
dOJOTa 6ujrB Bea^ajit hbi Ahfjoh, h dooth b% 9to se Bpeii 

HSl niBei^H, TaRl RaRl Wh BTHX'L CTpaHBXl HeTajiH^eGRoe 

o6pan^eme Gujo o'raacTH 3aM%HeH0 GyMasHUnrB. Ha Roporsoe 

BpOHfl HBAfleTCfl CHAbHUft IipHJHB'L HSl OpBHIMH , BO BpeiR 

RpepTHHX% onepaipft JLo, Bo BTopoft se nojoBimi npuSaBHJLCfl 
npnjniB'L hsi ABCTpin m PocciH, ho TOJibRo B^ ROHi^t IVin 
B^Ra n Ha^ajit XIX npnj[RBi> hsi bthxi CTpaHi cxI^mjcr 
3Hamej[bHU]rB. BooSqe npHJiRBU 9th, npoHSBopBrnie ?acT0 
msbmnn noTpflcema bi CTpaHaxi, sjoynoTpeGuBHiHX'L RpeAR- 
TOiTB, RaRi BO OpaH^iH, HlBeiuH, noTTH He o6HapyflinBasH 
HHRaRoro BJdflHiH Ha HSMiHenie i^I^hhocth GjiaropoAHmx Me- 
TaJMOBi Ha eBponeScROHi puHRi. 

Ecjni i^HHOCTb SjiaropoAHUKi MeiaJUOB'B ocTaBajtacb 

nOUTH HeHSM^HHOK) BO BCO HpOAOJISeBie XYin Bi^Ra, 3a HCRJR)- 

tiemeiTL HesHawHrejiLHUx'b R0jre6aHi&^ o6HapysBBaBiuHXCfl na 
oTAtjiBHMX'B puHRaxi, B'b pasffliiHoe BpeMA, H 06yCI0BlH- 

BaBnmxcfl qacTHUuH npH^HHaMH^ to oTHomeHie MesAy i^hho- 



a) Tooke and Nenmarch, Ton 1, cip. 74- 



103 



ciji) sojiora n cepe6pa nopeprajiocb BOJieSaHiflirL noBceiii^CT^ 
HuiTb, roBopanpm'B o&b oGqeit nprnim^ tekofo HBjiemfl. 

HaBtcTHO, qxo wh nojiOBimi^ XVI Btea otrpeitu 6ujih 
cepeSpflHHue pyAHHKH IIotosh, bi Boropuxx, xora paspaGaTU^ 
Bajiocb H 3OJI0T0, HO Kb HecpaBHOHHO toibmewb KOjnraecTB'b 
cepeSpo. (j'b dToro BpeMeHK OTHomeme Me&Ay i^mociiio 30- 
iora H cepeOpa nawajio yBOJiiraHBaTBCfl, — ^0 npmnicEiBaiDrB 
06UBHOB6HHO noHHseHUD i^HHOCTH ccpoOpa. 

OcHOBUBaacb sa onpeAtJieHiax'B HftBoropuxi MOHeTHUx'B 
ycraBOBi XVI — XYIII b^kobi , 9to nocrenemoe noHHxeme 
i(1^HH0CTH cepeSpa FjoSHepii npeACxaajifleTii bi TaROHi bha^ ^) : 



1559r. Kasi 1 

1 



Ho ycTany TepHaHCRoft imnepiH . . 

> rouaHACROMy MonerfiOMy ycTSBy. .1589 
» HOHexHOMy BepxHe-repMaHCROMy ycT. 1623 » 1 

> «paHi(y3CR0iiy MOHeTHOMy ycTasy. 1 1641 » 1 
» lOHexHott BepxHe-repHaHCRofi ROHBenipH 1665 » 1 
» lefhEOfsrcEOVY yciaBy 1690 » 1 

9to cuBHoe H3H%HeHie OTHomeHia MesAy i^HHOCTiio 30- 
i^ora H cepe6pa npoAOJUsajiocb h wh XYIII b^r^, xoth hb bi 
Tasoft cTeocHB H He laRi HpaBBUHO. Ho FaHSyprcROMy Ryp- 
coBOMy jiHCTRy, OTHomeme MesAy i^'bHHOCTiio 30J[0Ta h cepe6pa 
Bi ivni B^R'b, no jsfionmAwoFb^ npeACTaBJUeTca TaRib: 



11,44 
11^0 

11j99 

13,50 

14,30 
15,22 



B-L 1700 — 14^0 






Bi. 1760 


- 14,9, : 1 


» 1710 15,j3 






» 1770 


— 14,93 : 1 


. 1720 — 15^«: 


JL • 




. 1780 


— 14,69 '■ 1. 


. 1730 - 14,8, : 


A • 




. 1790 


— 15,10 : 1- 


. 1740 — 14^8 : 






> 1800 


1 15,64 '■ !• 


» 1750 - 14^7 : 


A* 








Hsi BTHXl ifflClOBlIXl 


AaHHUxi mi bhahhi, vco otho- 


meide MesAy u'^hhociIh) 


sojioia 


H cepe6pa 


vb nepByn nojio- 



%) otto HAbner. Die Banken. cTp. 44. 



~ 104 — 

BHHy XVin B%Ra, xoTH H noji[Bepraj[ocK KOjeGaHimrB, ho He 
OAHOoGpasHHirb ; cb nojiOBHHH se XVIII BtEa oTHomeiiie bto 
nocTOflHHo BoapacTajo ffl caHaro Koni^a CTOjitTia. 

Bx ffbKOTopuxx CTpanaxx, npH onpeAtieHiH OTHomemfl 
Hesxy 30I0T0H) h cepeSpHHiioio MOHeToio, bi loneTHKiii ycra- 
sax's utmmch SHa^irrejibHUfl OTCTynjeHia orb OHpseBBix'b 
H^wb. TaiTb B'b AerjiiH oi^HeHO 6ujio sojioto, npoTHB'B buc- 
uicii HopmajbHoit i^^hu, Bume nowH Ha 2%- emfi vb 1697 
roAy ppeRTopx HOHetHaro popa HcaaBi IlbioTOffE ycraHo- 
BHJTb oraomoHie lesxy aojioioirb h cepeSpoMi saKi 1 : 15^? ; 
aio OTHonieHie yAepsaHO h bo ace DpoAOjasenie XYIII BibBa. 
TaRoro po^a orcTynjeaia aen ofiHRHoeeHHO ri nopqt cepe- 
6pHHHoft MOHeTU, yAajiOHiio ea m^ oOpantenifl a wh saHtai 
ccpe6pafiHaro oSpaqenifl aojioTbuii, RaRx 9to h cjyqHJiocB n 
AarjiH. HanponiBi, ai FepMaaiH, npH HSMiHeHiH HOHerHol 
CAHHHi^i Bi 1750 roAy sojioto oiti^HOHO 6fiuo hhsro, — Kan 
l:14,is) BCJi^xcTBie qero Tpypo Gujio yxepsaib aojOTyio mo- 
HCTy wb CTpaat, laaib qio bx 1783 roAy naiitHiuH otho- 
nieaie ea 14,7i, a ai 1786 roAy aa 15.28- 

BpoMi amx'b OTCTynieHilt orb Sapseaux^ jsfbwb aoJiora 
11 cepeSpa, cyqecTBoaajia rohciho pasaai^a b'b cbmeixi Oflp- 
ascBuxi i^toaxi aa sojeoto a cepeSpo B'b pasjnraHuxi rocy- 
Aapcraax'b, BuauBaBmaflCH m^cthumh noTpeSaocTflMH pbraROBi>. 
TaR'b aanp. bo Opani^iH bo BTopoit nojoBaal^ XVIII b^rb cy- 
lUecTBoaaJio yse AoaojibHO 6ojibaioe oTHomenie MesAy i^^hho- 
CTJio aojioia a cepeSpa, aiieHHO aaa'B 1 : 15,42 ^ thri qTO cpaa- 
HHTeAHO ci repMaaieH), a^^ro uoMt 1786 roAa, ittaaocTb 
aojioTa bo Opaai^a Gbuia aa 1% Bbnne. 

Xoia no Tiwb ipioparb, Roiopue npaBOAeau aaioi otbo- 
CHTejbHO ROJieSaaia wesAy i^^^aaocTiio sojiotb h C6pe6pa vh 
XVin B^R^, Heib3a en^e opepojiaraTb rbroB HH6yAb o6qefi 
npn^HBH, A^ttcTBOBaameit B'b oahom> aanpaajieHiH, oco6eHHO nn 



— 105 - 

nepBott nojoBKHU CTOJi^Tifl; opaRO se Tejib^epHxi npeAnojia- 
racTB, TTO B3;|opo»aHie 30JiOTa, HaiaBmeecfl bi XVI cTOJitTiH, 
npoAOJisajocb h bi XVIII. flo ero mb'^hiio^pb eaqajia XVIII 
BtBa HOSHO npBHHTb HopfifdJibHoe oTHouieiiie Measly i^^HHOCTiio 
sojoTB R cepeSpa RaRX 1 : 14,96, a AJifl Roni^a CTOJi^Tiff RaR^ 
1 : 1 5,42 ) cjil^AOBarejibHO qtna 30JioTa BOSBUCHjacb noqiH 
Ha 3% •). 

Cjrtflyerb m xaRoe nocieneHHoe yBejinqeme pasHocra 
MesAy nc^HHOCTiio sojiotb h cepe6pa cuHiaib ^OBumeHieMi 

DitHHOCTH 30JI0Ta, HJB nOHHffieHieMl> IIC&HHOCTH Cepe6pa, — 9T0TL 

BonpocB ptmHTb ipyAHO. Mosho, noHsajiyfi, eaqajio yBejEH^enifl 
oTHomeHifl hc^hhocth aojoia h cepe6pa BUBOAHib hsi XVI 
cTOJitxifl, H, npHHRBiBH BO BHHMaHio yBejH^eHie paapaSoTRH 
cepe6pa co BpeMeuH oTRpuiifl pyAHHROBi IIoto3h, cqEiaib ce- 
pe6po noHHdHBDiHMCfl Bi» u!kwb. Ho, ci Apyrofi ciopoHU, pa3- 
Birrie pocRoniH Horjo yBejiRwrb cnpoci Ha sojioto h noAHflTb 
ero i^HHOCTb ; wb Tony se bi Anrjiin 6un CHnmafi cnpocb 
Ha 30JI0T0, no sanoHy oi^l^HeeHoe Bume, n^wb wb ocTauHoft 
Espont ; cjit A0BaTeju»H0, H3HtHeHie b'B OTHomeHiH MeiRAy ulbE- 
HocTiiD 30Ji0Ta H cepeSpa cji^AOBajio 6bi npHnncaib B3Aoposa- 
Hiio 30J0Ta, TtHi 5oji'6e qro TOBapnutt puHORi ocTaaajiCfl 
cnoRoftHKiH'B. MesAy Ttifb, yAemeBJieHie cepeSpa CRoplbe o6tfa- 
pysHJiocb 6bi noBumeBieM'b u!kwb Ha ToaapHOHi puHRt : H3Mt- 
Henie i^^hhocth Mexaua FJiaBHoit MOHeibi (cepe6pflHHoe o6pa- 
qeHie Oujio tofab bo Bcefl EBpont) mofjio cRop'be oSaapy- 
asiiTbCfl oSii^HM'b noBumemeMi) ToaapHUX'b nitHi, xoth 6u 
o6n^aB i^HHocTb 30JioTa h cepe6pa Haxopamarocfl na puHRt, 
RaRi> pe3yj[bTaT'b cnpoca h npcAJioseHifl oOohxi TOBapoBi>, ocia- 
Bajacb HeHSHl^HHOH). TojbRO Ha aTou'b ocHOBaaiH, uosho ao- 



n) Hdferich. cip. 141, 



- 106 - 

nyCTHTB CL OOAmeiO BipOflTHOCXilD , qrO lI3MtH6Ilie bi otho- 

meniH i^hhocth dOJioia k cepe6pa npoHCXOAUo on Bsxopo 
sama sojiora. TeAoepiix'b, mcAjijE arorB sonpoci, He Aaerb 
piiiiHT6AHaro MHi^Hifl, xoTfl 6ojri&e cRJioHflercfl wb npeAnojio- 
sesdH), qio HSHiHeme bi OTHOCvreAHoit i^hhocth aojiora h 
cepe6pa nocjd^AOBajio 6oJibme on yAemeBieHia cepe6pa. Bo3- 
MOSHO BnpoqeiTB HofiTpaiBHoe ptoeHie btofo Bonpoca, Ha ro- 
Topbe yKaauBaen r FenoepHxi: cb opoit CTopoHu, bi 
Eaponl^ pasQHBaJiocb cRJibHoe noTpeSjieme aojiora jiin npeji- 
MOTOBi pocKonm, BHicrt cb npnjniBOMi ero b'b Ahtjqh) Bcitx- 
CTBie cjonnROM'B Soumaro, saROHOBTB ycTanoB jOHHaro , otho- 
ineHifl aojiOTa Kb cepeGpy; a cl f^jvoik cTopoHU npHjniBajio 
cepeSpo mb Amophrr. Bcb 9TR oScTOflieACTBa MoriR nocre- 
nenno HHHiHHTb oiHomeme bi i^^hhocth tojbro mesxy o6oDir 
MeTauaHH , ne npoH3BOAfl saHtTHUxi nsMtHeHifi Ha pEmA. 
TaROBO B'B cyqecTBeHHHX'B qcpiaxi cocioflnie leTauH^ecRaro 
pBEHsa EBponu Bb XYin b^e^, 

%o Racaeicfl TOBapnaro puHRa EBponu wb XYIII B^ffb^ 
BB oco6eHHOCTH xji^SHaro, TO BOCBMa cRAHUfl ROJieSama i^vb, 
H npH ToiTB nepioAH^ecRifl, npHBopjiR MHoraxi nncaTeieli, na- 
6j[fOAaBiiiRX'B ABJieHifl B0je6aHifl i^^hi xi£6a toibro hb ne- 
HHorHXii puHRaxB, Kb yMsA^Hiio, ^to peBOJUOipfl^ npoRBBO* 
AOHHafi aMepRRaHCRHMH pypBRaMH, mfi ho ynixjia, h qio 
npH^RHi HdMineHifi bi i^iHaxi Ha xjiiSi h bi XYIII cTOjt- 

tIh CJltAyCT'B HCRBTB BCC 0^6 B'B RSH^^HeHiR I^HHOCTH Cepe6pa. 

TaRi, cpoAHifl i^tHBi Ha xjiI^Ob bi Ahtjiui, Opani^iH h 
TouaHAiH HpeACTaBJHmrB B'B nepBoS nojiOBRHt XYin Btna 
cji1&AyH)npfl ipopu *) : 



a) Helferich von den Period... S. 121. 

A. CMirb, Ton 1. vb npiuoseHiH, i^tHii ea xA&b Bt Ahtjui, h Ta6jDnm 
FapHBe n%B7» Ha xjMi> wb IlapHSt, CTp. 483 ■ cjAa. 
Tooke und Nenmarch, B. 1. Gapite lin. 



— 107 - 

AHMIfl <DPAHipff rOJIAH/(Ifl 

Ksaprepi nmeHHiui. cene nmeH. bi IlapHSt. Majbiepi pxi Wb PopeMOHAO. 

1710— 1719-43 m 6 a. 1700-1715-29 •. 5 caw. 1710-1719-8 r. 2 iothb. 

1711- 1719-39 m. 4 a. 1716 -1725-17 •. 1 caai. 1720 -1729-7 r, 6 mniB. 

1720—1729-88 m. 1726- 1735—15 •. 46 cbht. 1787- 1730-6 r. 16 idthb. 

1730—1789-82 m. 1 a- 1 736-1745-18 •. 80 caaT. 1740—1749-8 p. 1 idthb. 

1740-1749-31 m. 1 a. 1749-1755-18 •. 32 caar. 1750-1759-7 r. 15 miHB. 

1742-1751-27 m. 1 a. 1756 -1765—17 •, 64 caHT. 1760-1769-9 r. araiHB. 

1750-1759— 37 m. 9 a. 
1760— 1764-84 m. 4 e 

Gpepflfl i^Ha RBapiepa nfflemi^u m> 23 ro^a ueipexb 
1715 r. wb Kmm 6fiua 45 mnj. 8 a.; cpeAHflfl se i^^^aa 
cjitAyH>iD[iix'L 50 jribTi lojibso 34 msLA. 11 a*, — MOHbine 
noiTH Ha 25%. 

Bo OpaHfQH cpeAHflff i^^Ha ceibe iimeHiii^i aa napas- 
CKOMi puHRi 6i» 1676 no 1715 roAi pasHajiacb 26 op. 11 
caflTHHaiTb- c/h 1716 no 1765 TOJibso 17 (»p. 44 canT., cjii^- 
XOBaTejbHO, MOHbrne noqia na 347o- 

6% PopoHOHAe cpepflfl i^taa MajbTepa psn ci 1685 no 
1709 r. Guja 9 ryjibA. 3 niTHsepa; cJii^AOBaTeAHo, cpasHH- 
TeibHo ex cpoAHH iic&HaMH 1710—1769 r. aa 14% Bume. 

OcHOBUBaacb na Taaoifb GucTpoirb h npoAOJaHrejrbHOMi 
DOHBseniH Ji!kwb xj^Ga wb nepByio nojoBHny XYin ctom^tir^ 
Cmet'b, HM^Bmifi CBl^A^Hifl TOJibRO o6'b anrjiificEOHi a opan- 
qyscKOM'b pbinaaxi, npnmejrb wb Tony daRjuowemfo, ^To ce- 
pe6po Cb 30-x'b roAOBi nomn ao rohi^i XVII CTOJtTia 
Aepsajiocb bi oaboB h^e^^ no noTOMi naqajio AopoaaaTb. 
cI^tnnocTb cepe6pa, cpaBBHTejbno cb i^tHHOCTbio xj[i&6a, fit- 
poflTHo nicROUEO noBUCHJiacb Wb KOEBlb nocjLtAHHro (XYII) 
CTOJii^TiH , H RaseTCfl , qio noBumenie BTa npoAOJsaJiocb bi> 
TeqeniH 6ojibni6ii qacTH nacToauiiaro BibRa». /I^ajd^e, cam 
CMHrb saMtqaeiii , qio i^tna pa6oqefi njiaibi noAnajiacb 
Kb Ahtjoh Wb npoAOJseniH XYin Bi^aa, no npanHCUBaeT'b aio, 
He CTOjibRo yMenbmeniio a^hhocth cepe6pa aa oOqein piinaib 



- 108 — 

EBponu, CBoibBO yBejfflqeiriio TpeSosaHifl Ha ti^jkl bi Ahtah. 
Hesjiy itwb^ opasiqrdCRiit puHOsi paSoqeft MaTii, no cjio- 
BaifB CMviTa, 6un coBepmeHHO hhoH. cBo Opaeipn*, roBopHn 
owhy cHe noAsyioqeficfl TaKHMi SjarococTOHBieirb, A^HesHaH 
i^%Ha Ha TpyAi nocieneHHO najtajia, bhI^ct^ cl cpeAHem i^- 
HOK) Ha xjri^Si, Bi npoAOJiseHiH nocjii^AHflro CTOJri^Tiflu *). 

ycTpaHHBmn laBHirb o6pa30Mii Tb npoTHBopftqia cboivl 
BUBOAaiTB OTHOCHTej[bHO u^HHOCTH eepe6pa, ROTopiia npexcTaB- 
jHja i^Ha paSoqeft hmtu, CmiitB) ocHOBUBancb rjia^Hini 
o6pa30])rB na v!kiA xi£6a, ocTaJCfl npH Towh yStsA^HiH, ^to 
i^Ha C6pe6pa bi* XYIII atoi nawajia nOBumaTbca. — Can 
Gmht'b BHpoqeiTb bbmI^thjii, qio c^ 1680 no 1691 6ua ho- 
yposaitHfiie roAU, h qio tofab yse i^i^Ha na maeHHiiy Siua 
34 nnij.; rapnbo, Ha dToirb ocHOBamn, cwTaen yse 1(68 
roAi* itHi npeA^Jioifb , ao ROToparo npoAOJsaxocb noHiseme 
u!kEU cepe6pa, h6o ao 1668 roAa, no ero pac^exairB, nlkm 
na xj[£6i 61MH Bume ^). 

BuBOAU Cmhtb npeAGTaBifliD'rb pa cyn^ecTBeHHue He- 
AocTBTBa. IIpesAe Bcero y GmiTa He AOCTaaajro a&hhuxx otho- 
IflTejibHo ROHTHHeHiajibHUX'b niwb^ a orpanHTOBHiHCb OAHin 
Hj[H pyMfl puHsaMH, ipypo 6ujio nojyqHTb B^pnue pesy ATam. 
GuHT'b BupoqeMii cami coBHaaajTb HOAOCTaTOWHOCTb cbohxi 

BHBOAOB'b HMCHHO Bl 9T0U1> OTHOmemH. APF^^ HeAOCiaTOBl 

BUBOAOBi CjUHia saRJuoqaeTCfl bi loafb, qTO ycTpaHHBHiH iitHy 
paSoqefi njiaxbi, KaRi MacmiaSi hm HSMtpeHia RoieOaidl 
i^^HHOCTH sojioia H cepeSpa , ohi> ocxaicfl npn i^naxi na 
xji£6i, BaRi eAHHCTBeHHOMi Mtpnjri^; HSMtnemfl bi i^i^naxi 
xjitGa 0Hi> HOcni^mHJi'b npHnncaib H3M'6ueHiH) i^hhocth ce- 
pe6pa, H Majo oSpaxHJii BHHManifl Ha aPF^ npH^HHU, noxi 



a) A. Cimrb, Ton 1. cip. 402. 

i) TaM% se, CM. npnioseme tovi* 1, ctp. 487. 



- 109 — 

BjjfflieirB KOTopuii i^hh na nA6n> momh npexcraBJiflTii ana- 
qffcejbHiu yuoHeHifl, RaBi nanp., yposan, ROTopue mofih 
BecbMa cubHo h npoAOJUWTejbHO uiiiTb na npeAiosefiie xjrb6a 
H HSH^HflTb ero vlbm, HesaBHCHiio otb apfuxi RaRHxi 6u 
TO HH 6EU0 npmarh. IV^i nepBul o6cTOflTeibfio HSdiAO* 
BaBmitt BJUHHie yposaesi ea njbESA uftOa, npimiiBiiui u/buY 
pafoqel uaTU sa lyqmitt no ero MetHiiD lacmraSi, HpHineji'b 
n foMy 3aRj]oi6HiK), iTO l^na cepeSpa, ne touro ao 1736 
roxa, ho h bo Becb XVII h bi Sonmell nojiOBHHft XVIII Btoa 
opoxojwajia noHHsaTbca. rjEaBHUirb AOBOAOirb TyRi npe^- 
craBJiflerb to oScTOfliejibCTBO, ^to bo Bce bto Bpeia paSo^aa 
Djaia Bi AHFiiH BHaureibHo BOBBinnaiacb , a ea HSKt- 
Heiiifl wb i^i^Hax'B xjiMa babih i^jue nepioxu yposaitmix'B 
H HcypoaaftHbixx roAOBi. 

Hscj^AOBaHie TyRa, npoAcraBjiaion^ee oSpasi^oButt hcto- 
pno-craTHCimecRiil Tpyx'B, paBiHCHflioii^tt BecbMa MHoro tom- 

BWh Hay^HUXl BOnpOCOBl, Wb BOnpOCi^ O I^toHOCTH 30JI0Ta 

a Gq^Spa b'b XVIU bAr^^ , ho hrxoptb . AOCTaToqraix'b nox- 
TBq^SAeHiM Bi cocTOflflii xjAShuxi nl^Wb ea APyraxx, npoH- 
■yi^^cTBeHHO ROHTHHeHTajbHux'B, puHRaxi. Bo3BumeHie pa6o- 
vA uaTU vb AflriiH jierRO Moserb nojiywib Hfjvw 061- 

flGH6Hie. 

HaRaHynt XVIII CTOiftiifl, orb 1692 no 1699 roxa, 
5ui CHibHuft Heyposaft, BxeqeHUi cein Jibrb, novre bo Bceit 
EepoHt. 

Bi AHFjii ^ftHa RBapxepa nmeHHAti noAHHjacb rti ROH^y 
1699 roxa ao 56 nniJi. 6 m. Bo OpaeiQH BoaBumeHie n^m 
Ouo en^e CRJbH^^e ; mhofo iiOAell yiiepjo orb rojoxa. 

Bii 1700 roAy bi AflrjiiH i^hu, no cjiyqaio yposaa, 
najH cpaay 6oji^e, qtoi na 40 7o, h jsfi 1715 roAa noABop* 
irajiHcb mfi HitoROJibRBifb R0J[e6aniflHi , 6jiaroAapfl nepeM'bn- 
%ocTH yposacBi. TaRi, c^ 1700 no 1708 foa^, cpeAHflfl 



— 110 — 

i^ibfla xjiftGa paBHa novTH 34 iuhji. ^ aa HCBJioqeHieirb caiiaro 
AOporaro 1701 roAa^ KorAa u!bE9 RBapxepa nmeHHi^i bo3bu- 
CHJiacb AO 51 niHi. 7 a, h 1708 r. caiiaro A^ineBaro, KorAa 
i^ina inneHHipi najia ao 25 nmx. 

Ob 1708 roAa uftAoaajH 1709 h 1710 roAU CEibHaro 
Heyposaa, h i^hu noAHfljHCb B6CBMa Gucipo ci 27 nnu. 3 a. 
AO 81 nui. 9 A* IIoTOirB no 1715 r. ufmA cxoan okojio 
33 inu., HCRJUDuafl 1713 toa'b, BorAa i^ftHa, no ejy^aio ne- 
AopoAa, onaib noAHflJiacb ao 56 wma. 11 a* 

Tose caMoe ROJieOanie ubwb xj[ft6a wb nepnue 15 An 
XYin CTOii&Tifl flaxopm mu n bo OpaHI^H. IIo laSju^t 
TapHbe, noc^ 1699 roAa, sorAa i^ftna cerbe nmoHmpi 40- 
CTiraia 41 op. 87 canx., ao 1708 roAa ona naAaen. Bi 
1707 roAy ona 6iua 10 op. 86 cam.; noBi 1709 mlSlO 
AOCTHraerb onaxb 55 n 50 op. H^^eel 1713 n 1714 rojiovk 
Sum TBEse no^n wb nojiiopa paaa amne cpeAnnxi i^teb. 

(h 1715 roAB ao Boni^a XYIII Btoa ace Bpeiu, nom 
Wb 85 ATbj MOSHO pasAi^UTb na pa neploAa : orb 1715 ao 
1765 H orb 1765 a9 Honiia cTOJiixifl. XapaRTepHCinqecKafl 
lepia nepaaro nepioAa — bowth noBceM^Tnaa AomeBHsna utfia 
BX i^Aofi Eapon^^, Roiopaa npepuaaiacb neHHorHim neypo- 
saftnuMH H AoporHMH roAaiiH. 3a to, apFO^ nepioAi, Ri kohoj 
CTOi^Tifl, oTinqaerca qaciunH neyposaaim h BOo6me bugorhh 
6ucTpo ROJieGJUonpiMHCfl i^ftnaiui. 

9to RacaoTca AomeBHanu aeMiOAl^bqecRHX'b npoAyRTOBi, 
Bi nepayio nojOBHfly XYUI cxoiftTifly to Bct mcaTea, 3a* 
HHMaBmiecfl sthmii Bonpocon, rjiaBeyH) npHmny TBRoroRBje- 
nifl BHprb Wb ypoaaaii, no^xn nenpepiuno cj^bAOBaannai 
BO Becb BTOTb nepioAii. Cnopnuioi aBUiOTca xojbRo Bonpocu, 
na CROJibRO cubfio 6iuio BJUflnie yposaeai, n ne 6ujlo ji 
Apyrnxi npH^HHi, ycHmaaBuiHi'b uh ocia6iflBmHxi Biiiaie 
yposaeaii na u^eh u£6a. 



— Ill - 

Bi AHTJiie, BO Becb nepio^i ci 1715 no 1765 roA'B) 
6UJI0 Bcero 5 HeypoBaeBi h to cjiaGuxi ; Kb TaBiurB TO]sjdjn 

OTHOCflTCfl: 

1728 — 48 nuM. 3 a. 1740 — 48 mi. 10 Va «. 

1729 — 42 niHJi. 2V2 «. 1756 — 40 irajr. 2 V^ fl. 

1757 — 53 inHJi. 4 a* 
Tyi» npmiHCHBaerB noHHseme i^finx, He ctoilko SoraT- 
cTBy saTBX yposattHUXi roAOBi^ croaro imefiHO diovy Ma- 
JOMy qHCJiy HoyposaeBii , xota nepioAU orx 1715 ao 1727, 
OTL 1730 AO 1739 h wh ocoOeHHOcra on 1741 ao 1752 r. 
npHEBAJieaarB m moxj HeoSmmoBeHHO yposaftraixi. ]ifi 
1727 roAa i^iea naAajia imorAa ao 28 inu.; ho oti 
1731 AO 1733 r. cpoAHflfl i^na RBaprepa nmeflHi](u Sujia 
Bcero 22 mHJiuHra. 

JfyqnraMii AORasaTMbCTBOHi oGhjIh xj[i6a bi stoti ne- 
pioA'B wb AhtjIh Moryn cjrysHTb ujn^^u BUBOsa ero wh Apy- 
fiB CTpaHu: 

BuBosHJiocb eseroRHO cb 1697 no 1709 touro 81,000 RB.nm. 

1710 • 1719 . 108,060 . 
1720 • 1729 » 103,185 » 
TorAaRaRi ci 1730—1739 - 291,912 

1742—1754 — 548,567 
fi'b opoMi 1750 roAy BUBeseHO 6ojAe 950,000 RBap. 
n^IeHH]^lI h 6ojL%e 600,000 rb. APyraro xjiiSa. 

TaRofi cubHutt BUB03X xjiftSa npHUHCUBaioTi, Bnpo^eM'B, 
H BiiflHuo BfiicoRoft npeioH 3a BUB031, ycTaHOBJCHHoft eii^e Bl 
1688 roAy. 3a RBapiepx BUBeaeHHofi omeHHipi njaTHjH 5 
HUM., a 3a RBapiepi flqieHfl 2Va. Ho dioiiy, Cmhti fobo- 

PRTL, qiO cBTOTB HaCHlbCTBeHHbitt BIiIB03X» AOJKSBffb SUJII* 

noAHHTb i^'bHy xjMa BecbMa 3HaqHTejibH0 , cpaBHHrejbHo cb 
T^Mi, RBROBa Oiua 5£i OHa Ha BHyipeHHRXi puHRax'b 6e3i> 
3Tofi npeidH. SaHi^qanie GMHia BooSqe B^pHo, oTHocHiejibHO 



• 

BJiiflBiH npeutt Ha ycHJGBie BUBOsa h ea BosBunieHie i^tei; 
xoTfl, KSKi 3aHibqaeTTi TyKi, .lan^uTUHRH peuaMeHTaipH Moryn 
CBaBBTh, noaajLyfi, qTO npeHia BUBoaa morja CBopte sacia* 
BRTb padumpHTb o6pa6oTRy aeiUH h, c^tAOBaiejibHO, a^A^^i'bo- 
Baxb Ha i^tHU Kb coBepmeHHo npoTiiBynuJioauiOMi HanpaBieHm. 
Bo BCHROMii cjiyqat hosho csasaTb, qxo rjiaBHUfl npfl- 
HEEii^ BJUflBmifl fia n^wA u£6a m> AfirjiH* 6uih 6oji&e 06- 
npfl H 6ojLi^e cftibHUfl, noTOMy mo bx aTO ae BpeMfl mu 
BCTpiqaemi CHJibHoe noHHseme i^iHi bo $paHi\iH. IIo TapHbe, 
Ha napHSCROMi pbiHBt, cpeAHifl i^i^HU cexbe omeHnitu Sujh, 

RHE'b MU BHA^JIH, B'B 1676—1715 TF. 26 «p , a nOTOM'b, Bl 

cji'6AyH)nufl A^flTHjr&xifl, HBAajDi Ha 17 op. 1 c.^ 15 «p. 
46 c; 18 ©p. 80 c.^ 17 ©p. 64 c.^ ci 1766 no 1775 r 
i^Ha yse Bospacja na 28 (»p. 5 caHTHMOBi. 

TaRafl A6nieBH3Ha, roBopH'Fb Tysi, cyu^ecrBOBaja , apR 
CHCTeMi^, coBepmeHHO npoTHBynojioiRHott nameil, noTOHy w 
Bo <DpaHiyH BUB031 xjc&Oa Gujn coBepmenfio sanpenieffb. Cii- 
AOBaieibHO, bi to BpeMfl, rbei y nacb aanpnmusM npetut 
npHOHCUBaiH HHSKifl u^EhL Ha xjitSi noouq^eHiio BUBoaa, 
6oj[bmafl qacTb opanqyacRHXi nHcaieieft npHqnHy hrskhxi 
Hiwh uiOa BHA'&ia wb 3anpeH](eHiH BblB03a h BpeMOHHUXi 
Hooqpemax'b bbobb xji£6a. 

Ho KaRHM'B 6iii npHWHHaM'b noHHsenie Ji^wb xjrib6a, Mesxy 
npo^HMii, HH npHUHCUBa JH , Bce »e rjaBHoii npHqHHOfi 6iub 
u^kAhA nepioAi ypoBaeBi>. EcxecTBeHHUMi citACTBieMi laioro 
ofiHJiifl xi'bOa H BooOn^e acbxi 3eMJieA'&JU>iecRHX'b npoAyicroBi, 

a BM^CTt Cb TtWb H HHdHHXl) U^kWh Ha HHX'b, 6UJIH VaioOti 

3eHJieBj[aAl^JibiteBi> h apeHAaTopoBi na Bucosyio apeHAayio 
njiaiy, na HencnpaBHOCTL ujiaTeseit, HeAociaTOK'b speAHra, 
TflrocTb noAaieft h t. a- I^ojih npesAe h BCTp1b<iaJHCb noAo6 
HUH HeBsroAbi HM acMJieBjaA'&JbqecKHX'b RdaccoBi, npoHCXO- 
AHBHiifl orb ypoflsaeBi h A6uieBU3HBi X'jrb6a, to ohh, no BpaftHefi 



- 113 - 

Mipt, npo^oJUKajHCb ho aojeto; bi btotl ase nepioA'B, RaR'B 

HU BHAHMX , BTCqeuiH nflTHAeCflTH JitTB , BCerO 6UJ[0 TOAEO 

nsTB jtoi xopouiHX'B i^'&H'L Ha xjilbSi. B'B AerjDH, r^i^ se- 
HjesjaA'bHie HrpaeTi Taeyio BasHyio pojib, BonpocB o hhbishx'b 
A%Haxi» Ha xjibSi cocxaBJifln BecbMa cyqecTBeHHuft nejm- 
THqecKitt Bonpocx, BOTopuHii ycepAHO saHHMaucb npaBHiett- 
CTBO H Baysa. 

B'B TOBiy Vb^ BHaHHTBJbHO BBICOBlfl qi^HU Ha XJltSl ffl 

1715 ro^a noBejH ri paBHUipeHiH) o6pa6oTRH aeiiJiH ; anocjifiA- 
cTBiH S6, BO BpeMfl yposattHaro nepioAa, noTepH aojishu Oun 
OKaaaTbCfl 6oji^ qyBCTBHTejibHmH. Orojo 1734 roxa Sujio 
BU^HCjeHo , ^To Heo6xoxHMa ufim maeEanfn bi 34 mnji., 
fl^HeHH B'L 20 mHJi. H OBca B'B 12 mHJi. RBaprepB, ^toSu 
apeHABTopi Mor'B ynjiaTHTb peaxy h npocyqecTBOBaTb, HH^ero 
He 3apa6aTUBaH. MesAy tbwb^ cb 1719 no 1724 toab, u^hu 
HH pasy H6 noAHHMajiHCb ao Tanoft bucotu , a cb 1730 no 
1738 r. TOJbRO pa pasa. 

dTB npoAOjuRHTeibHOCTb noHHseHifl v!bwb xji-bOa h npn- 
Beia Cmhtb Wb HenpaBHJbHOMy saRjuoqeHiK) o i^^hhocth ce- 
pe6pa. He cHOTpa na to, qxo cairb Omhtb npHBHaBajB Bjname 

yp0Sa6Bl», OHB HHRaRB HO MOFb AOnyCTHTb BTOrO BJliflHiH HB 

TBRoe npoAOJUiHTej[bHoe BpeMfl. cMu eairi^THJH yso, roBopHTb 

OHl, cqXO XJ^Sl, BB OTABJieHHUfl OAHB 0TB APyi'Oft BHOXH, 

npcACTaBJiflerB 6oifbe Toqnoe Mtpnjio i^^hhocth, ^'^mb cepeSpo 

HIH RBROS JThSo APyrofi TOBapB*.. .. cECJIH, CTBJIO fiblTb, BB 

npoAOdDUReHiH nepBUXB mecTHAecHTH qexupexB Ji'bTB 9Toro cto- 
Al^m^ cpeAHflfl i^i^HB xji'&6a na cepe6po iioiiHSHJiacb n'bcBo.ibRO 
npoTHBii Toro, qxo ona 6ujia bb npoAOJimeHiH 6ojibuieti ^acTH 
nocjitAHflro cfoji-i^Tifl, to 9Ty nepoH'&Hy mu aojiashli npHiiHcaTb 
He HOHHseHiH) A^flcTBHTejbHotl i^^HHOCTH xji'66a^ HO noBume- 
HiH) A'bftcTBHTejKbHoS i^'&HHOCTH cepe6pa Boo6ii][e Ha eBponett- 



— 114 — 

CBOMl pUHE%» 0- ^TO COMHtflie CMHTa, OTHOCHTeJbHO B03M0S- 

HOCTH npoAOJiiRHTejibHaro h dowth 6e3npepnBHaro , bi Te^emn 
nojiycTOJi^xiH, bjuhhIh ypoisaeBi na noHHseme nl^wb xjit6a, 
BnojiHi ycipaHeHO TyBOMT»* TyRi npocj^pjiii wdi roAa bi 
roA'B cocTOflHie yposaeBi h i^%hi bi Ahfjiih h oxqacTH aa 
fiOHTHHeHTl^ fiBponiJ H A'^^BcTBHTeJibHO AORasaj'B , qio hohh- 
seme ntwb xj[£6a, ci» 1715 no 1765 toa'b, Bnojint oGibc- 
HfleTCH ypoflsaflMH. TaBofi npoAOJSHTejLBHuft nepio^^'B ypoxaeei 
cocTaBjflerb secbina p'bAfioe, ho omobhaho BOSMosHoe flBieaie. 
Boo6ii^e nepioAH^HOCTb yposaeB'b h HeyposaoB'b ho pibpo noB- 
TopaoTCfl. TaBi>, Tysi yKasuBaeTL ea nepioAi otl 1793 flo 
1819, Ror^a aeyposaftHHO roAU noBTopajHCb tbri ^acio, 
laEi HHKorAa. 

BecLMa cyiqecTBeHHufi apryneHTi npoTHB-B Gmhtb npe;- 
cTaBAflOT'L pa6oqaH njiaia h i^^hu H^BoxopHX'b APyriixx to- 

BapOBl B'b AfiTJriH. 

no ApTypy JOetj ^) , cpeAHfla i^i^na mneHHipi , wb re- 
lemH Bcero XYII Btna paBHfljiacb 38 iuhji. 2 a-, a cb 1701 
no 1766 roA'B 32 m. 1 a*; cii^AOBaTeuHO, na 16% MOHbrne, 
TOFAa Ra£i noACHHaa niaia B03BUcaiacb wh axo Bpena ci 
10 V4 A? Ha 12 A-, Hjm na 16%. Bii aro se Bpeufl bosbu- 
CHUCb Bii ulkni HtaOTopue nf^iie npeAiexM, xaBi nanp. pa- 
6ouitt E AOMamHift CRorb; cpeAHflfi i^ftHa jomaAR otb 1675 
Ao 1740 B03Bb[CMacb na 907o ; BOJa Ha 137%) RopoBU ea 
l567o, OBAU fla 1357o. 

dm AdHHUfl, roBopflH^fl npoiHBi buboaob'B GiiHxa, npn- 
BejiH Tyfia r'b coBepmefiHO npoTHBynojioiRHOMy saRJUO^eHiiD, 
HMOHHO, qio ii^i^Ha cepe6pa, bii uepByio nojioBHHy XYIII Btea, 
He TOJibRo H6 noBUCHJiacb, HO H npoAOJUsajid noHHsaibCfl. 



a) A. CmiTb, TOMi 1, ctp. 400. 

b) Tooke und Neumarch, B. 1, § 30. B. 2, § 487. 



- 115 - 

KaRi Mu cRaaajTH^ »to pfimenie Torp Sujo Gu Bipno, ecjra 
6bi ocTdJibHue, no RpaHfleS ifbpt, eeponeficKie puHRH Hom 
npeACxafiHTb A^HHUfl, noATBepsAaionqfl TaKoe pimeme; ho, 
RaK'B MU yBHAHMi, Hi^MeqRie A^uesHue puHRH ocTaBaucb 

OO^TH CnOEOftHIJMK Bl 9T0 BpOHH. IIOdTOHy , HM oGliflCHeHifl 

B03BunieHifl pa6o^e8 njaTU wb Anrjin, aojisho RCRaib npn* 
mB% fie Bi noHHseHiH i^hhoctii cepe6pa, a wb rbrhxi he- 
^YJ^ APyrnx'B oGcTOHrejbCTBaxii. Ha bth to oOcTOffTeibCTBa 
yKasuBaerb Gmirb. Bi btomi cjryqaib ohii HBueTCfl Jiyqmiiirb 
HGTOMOBaTejieirL. Owb roBopHTb, ^to BOBBHmenie A^HesfioS 
fsl^EU Ha TpyAi bi Ahfjoh bubbbho 6ujo, ho cTOdbRO yHeHb- 
meflieirb i^fiHHOGTH cepe6pa hb oGqeMi puHRib EBponu, CROjbRO 
yBenqemeiTB Tpe6oBaHi8 fia xpyA^ bi> AnrjiiR, BCJ-bACTBie 6ja- 

rOCOCTOflHlflf BTOit CTpaHU H ORasaHHIiIXl eiO bo BCftXl OTHO- 

meHmxTi ycntooBi *). HicROJbRo AdHHUx'b MoryTi cjysHTb 
noATBepsA^HieM'b BToro Msr&Hifl. BojoraecTBO Ropa6jrefi, buxo- 
XHBuiHX'b H3ii raaafieft AhmIh, cyAfl no ROJiHqecTBy tohi bh%^ 
CTHMOCTH, CB Ha^aJia AO nojLOBHHU XYIII BibRa, yABOHJLOCb, a 
n AOEffHOcrmrB roAaHi yrponjocb. Oahh'b Iohaoh'b b'b 1701 
HMl^jDCb 560 Ropa6jieft bi 85 TUCflqii tohi bhI^cthmocth, a 
Bi 1732 yse 6iuo 1417 Ropa6j[eft bi 178,557 tohi. 
il,pyrie ropoAa, rbrx JlHaepnyjib) Tyjib, CA^JiajiH emfi 6ojibniie 
ycnl^XH. Bbobii xjionqaToi 6yHarH, otb 1700 ao 1770 roAa^ 
Boapocb noTTH cb oahofo nmuiOHa oysTOBi ao 4% HuiioHa, 

H RMOHHO Bl fiepiOA^ CBMUXl HH3RHXI XJI^GhKIX^ I^tfil Cb 

1740 no 1750 r. bobbucmcb cb 1,645,031 hb 2,976,610 <». 
£iue pasHTejibHte ycn'bxH bb Hsej'bBHOM'b iipoHBBOACTB'b : bi 
copoRb Jrbrb nocjrb 174Q roAa oho yyexBepHJOCb ^) 

Bcl^ 9TH A&HHUfl AORaaUBaiOTli 6blCTpoe BROHOMHqeCROe 



a) A. CHHT'B, TOM'b 1, CTp. 402. 

b) Helferich von den period. Schwanong. S. 125. 



- 116 — 

pa3BHTie cTpaHH h cBBfltoejibCTByiorb o OaaroDpiflTmixi ycio- 
Biflxi pfl dioro pasBHxlH. 

EpHCXBeHHufi EJiaccB HBcejieHifl, cxpaAaBmift otl A^nie- 
BH3BU X j%6a , — 3e]iji6BJiaA'6Jii>qbi h CBeiiiiprKH. Toaeo npB 
BUGOBHXii i^tnax'L Ha x]Lt6^y apeHABTopu Moryiii HasflBaTbCB; 

a BJiaA^JIbl^I SeMJH BO306HOBJ[flXb BOHipaitTU Ha BUtOXPUXl 

ycjioBrnxi. fii dioMi cjyqat hxi HHTcpecu npoTHBynojosHU 
HHTepecaMii BC^Tb apf^^ RjaccoB'B ofin^ecTBa; yBejinqefiie 
HX'B Aoxo^a (3a BuyexoMi Hdunma co6cTBeHHaro noTpeSjeHui) 
npoHCxoABXi Ha cnevb APyrnx^b kjibccobi oSii^ecxBa. «3antBT- 
HHBH 3eHJieBjaA'6JibqecRH]iii» HHxepecoBib» , roBopHn Tyn, 
BHAflT'L Bi yBejmqeHiH aoxoab apeHAaxopoB'b h 3eMAeBjaAtib- 
i^eB'B cooxB^xoTBeHHoe ysejoiqeHie Ha^ioHaJ[bHa^o fioraxciBa. 
Qtotl y3Kifi BsrjiflA'B Ha Gojibmiit aoxoa'b on B03Bunieflijr 
i^'&H'b Ha xj'66ii npHHaAJiesHXi «paHiQf3CBHirB «H3ioEpaTan, 
cuxaBuiHM^b cupue npoAyRxu 3eMjiH eAHHcxBeHHUiTB hctowh- 
ROMii 6oraxcxBa , a BOSBumeme i^i^Hu 9xhxi» npoAyBTOBi aa 

yBejiH^eme HaifioHajbHaro 6oraxcxBat ^IIcxopiH me Hamero 

BeMJieA^JiH HOBaBHBaexii^ qxo nepexoAU on A^poroBHaflu n 
AenieBiiMi> i]('6HaM'i» na iii^'b BHSUBajiH acer ab ^peaBHqaiHUfl 
Bsaj[o6bi Ha 6'6ACXB6HHoe GQCXOHHie oejiBCRaro xosificxBa. dro 
Gjyqajiocb HMeaHo B^b xaRifl BpeMeaa, vqrAa o babhui BaRHii 
HH6yAb nojiHXHHecKHXi coSuxifi hjih nefmbwh b% nmemaowb 
oOpan^eHiH ho Moacexii 6uxb h pibwi ''). 

^enieBH3Ha xji£6a oxib 1715 ao 1765 roAa BUBBaja no- 
AoSnaro iRe poAa aajio6H. IIpH xoM'b aasHoirb noMXHqecKon 
SHaqemH sesuieBJiaAtJibqecBaro BJiacca, BaBHM'b nojibsyexca ohi 
Bi> AnrjiiH, G'&ACTBle ero npHHiiMajiH^3a odn^ee 6j^A<^XBie Bceft 
cxpaHu; Bcio BHHy cxapajucb BBBajiHXb hb KaKyH) HH6yAk 



a) Tookc und Neumarch, B. 1, S. 8, 4. 



- 117 - 

o5iiqrit> npmHHy, saRi Hanp. BOSBumeme n^mi 6jiaropoAHux'& 
HerauoB'B hih eeAocraTRn RpeAHiHaro oGpan^eHiH. 

Mes;^ T%wb, wb droxi se nepiOA^ AemeBHSHiii x^6a, 
9K0H0fliHqecB06 nojoseHie paSoqaro Rj[acca 6ujio caMoe p'b- 
Tyn^ee, BaKoe e^Ba jih Rorxa ufio 6um b% AHriiH. B'b btotb 
HMeHHO nepioA'B bosbuchjce ypoBesb 6j[arococTOflHiH paOoqaro 
BacejeHifl, paaBHiHCb 6oji&e BUcoRifl noipeOHOcin oTBOCHTeju>no 
HHo^H, sHJiBfl, YMCTBeBHaro paaBHxiH, a bm^^ctI^ cb rhwb 
noAHflJiacB h hb Ad»ii>H£itmee BpeMfl ecTecTBesHafi bucotb pa- 
6oqett njiaiu. 06*^ dTOWb cmj^^iejihcrBjiOTh GMnTX, MajibiycB 
n Apyrie nHcarejiH. Bi bto HMeBBO apeiifl ea^ajTB mbjio no 
Majy BXOAHTB BX o6ii^ee ynoipeOjieHie 6£j[ufi xjitSi; pa6o<iie 
SojiBine nmun ynoTpe6j(flTB machoS hhj^h; sanpocL ea pa* 
6oiy, MeiRAy t%mi>, Boapaciaji'B chjibho, h Majio no Majiy 6jia- 
rococTOHHie paSoqaro Bjacca n naRonjieHie RanniajiOB'B o6ea- 
neqHJiH sa AnrjaeH) to 6ucTpoe npoMuniJienHoe pasBRxia, bo- 
Toparo AOCTHFJia ona bb bohi^ XYIII b^rb. Ho cbmoo BasHoe, 
Ha wo yRasaji'L MajiLTycB, oto to, nro A^m^BHSHa xj[i^6a r 
BucoRBfl pa6oqaa nJiaTa ne BHSBajR yBOJEH'^eHifl nacejieBiB. 
HapoA'B marbj roBopHTL MajibTycB, npn npeBOcxoAHOHi npa- 
BHTejibCTB^ H HacjaffAdJicfl wb HenpnBuqHLix% pasMtpax'B 
BcbMH npeHMyn^ecTBaMH rpaasAaHCRoii h nojiHTHqecsofl cbo- 
60ABI. Hnsmie Rjiaccu napoAa npHBUB^SH wb Tomy, <ito saEOHB 
H Buemie RJiaccu c^rtbiotii hx'l corpasA^HaMH ; ohh caMH 
nay^HJiRCb yBasaTb C66fl. Bcji^ACTBie aToro, HSJiHuieKi ao- 
xoAB He BUSBBJii pasMHOseHifl HacojeHifi, a meji'L na yjiy^- 
nienie nojoffiOHifl paSoqaro BJiacca. 

Usi dToro M£i BHARMi, ^To o6qaro 6%ACTBiH bti Anrjiia 
wb ncpuoB noJiOBRH^ XYIII bI^rb hg Sujio, ^to HHSRifl niim 
Ha xjift&B H dBTpyAHHTeJiLHoe noj[OJseHie oahofo Rjacca 3eM.ie- 
BA^jifbsbUfiWb o6i>flCHflH)TCH i^tJiHMii nepioAOMTB yposaeBi, — 
qTo ToproBBfl H npoMumjieHHafl A'^flTOJibHOCTb pasBRBaflacb 



118 - 



(UCTpO, He HCnUTUBafl HHKaKHX'b KPH3HC0BI H HC BCTpft^aa 

HHsaEEXii npenaTCTBii co ciopoHU A^H^snaro puHBa. Bee sto 
Morjio cjiyqHTbCfl tojbro npn ooBepnieHHO cnoBoiHoicb ero 

COCTOflHiH. 

Jly^imiirb AORasaTencTBOMii cnoRottflaro cocTOHBifl He- 
TaJUH^ecBaro puHKa MoryrB cjysiTb i^tHu na utSi bi 
HftBOTopm'B Mftcraxi FepiiaBiH. Sxtcb bo BceoSu^eHi yno- 
TpeSieniH 6uja eii^e posb. 



BpAymiBeftrb 

raMTGHl pSH, 



1700- 

1710. 

1720 

1730- 

1740 

1750- 

1760 



1709 
1719 
1729 
1739 
1749 
•1759 
1769 



16,3 Mgr 

20,6 

19,6 

17,2 

20,9 



99 



99 



99 



FaBOBepi 
rauT. psH, 

14,8 Mgr 

20,7 

19,3 

18,4 

22,4 



99 



99 
99 
19 



ApeaAeni 
me^eJOi, 

1 rth 15g 

2 f„ - 9, 

2 99 <V. 

1 •, 23 



99 



99 



2 9, 10 „ 
2 „ 11 ,. 

3 99 12 99 



DaAep- 

6opH'b 

Kpettm>- 

20 gr 
28 „ 

22 „ 

23 „ 

21 „ 
29.,, 
33 „ 



MDHXeBl* 

1668-1717 6fl. 30kr. 

1718-1727 5 „ 15 

1728—1737 5 „ 30 

1738-^1747 8 „ 55 

1748- 1757 5 „ 54 

1758-1767 7 „ 45 



»i 



n 



Mu aaMfiqaeiTb h sj^cb noBHiseHie it'bH'B nocit 1715 
roAa, HO) cpaBHHBaa cpexHiii i^ftnu xji66a bi XYIU cTOJitTiH 
(fb iftHaiiH xift6a wb npeAoiecTBOBaBmie roAU , mu yBHAHn 
coBepmeHHO upoTHBynojosHoe xoHy, qio aaiiJ^qajH Kb Ahtjdi 
H Opaaqui. Taxi, cpeAHifl i^ftHa xj^feda b'l BpayHHifieferi^ , ci» 
1650 no 1699) paBHflJiacB 15,a Mrgr, — opaBHHTeibHO ci 
cpeAHen) u^nott on 1700 ao 1750, Ha 247o MOHBrne. ffi^Q^ 
cpeAHflfl i^fina psH Kb IlaAepfiopHi, otb 1675 ao 1699, pas- 
Hfljacb 22 rpomaiTL, a Kb nepioAi* otb 1700 ao 1769 — 
262/5 rp.; eji^AOBBTejibHO, na 20 7o Bunie. CpaBHHBaa cpepifl 
v!hmi BTETb me nepioAOBi bi» ApesAent, hu HaxoAHMii) qro 
3a nocj^AHitt nepioAi cpeAHaa i^i^Ha pasH 6ojbme na 45%. 
HiOHxeHOKaH cpeAHaa i^toa Kb nepioA'B otb 1708 ao 1757 
Bospacia Ha 18%, cpaBBHTejbHo cb nepioAOirb orb 1648 
AO 1707 roAa, 



- 119 - 

H Taxi, Mil BHAHiTB, ^TO, pfl o6iHCHeHifl mjubmu i^^h'b 
Ha xjtOi Bi AHTJiiH H Opafli^iH bi nepByio nojiOBHHy XYIII 
B'&Ra, Hirb HdAoGHOcTH npHSiraib eti laEHMx oS^hh'l npH- 
qBHajTB, RaiTL HBMtfleaie aj^hhoctr 6j[aropoAHUxi» MeiauoB'B 
Ha eBponeflcEoirB puHK'b, lasi EaRx noAoQeoe npeAnoaoseme 
He noATBepsA^eTCfl ^aRTaiin. 

C'L Rcxo ffiwb 1765 ro^a oroh^mch nepioAi» yposaeBx h 
AeuieBHBHU. HaciynHJi nepioAi neyposaeB'L h pisEHXi soje- 
6aHiJt i^^Hi xj[£6a noqxH bo bccK EBpont. 

Bi AnrjiH, bm^cto npesHflro BUBOsa xjt6a^ HBEiacb 
neoSxoAHMocTb BBOBHib. Bi» 1763 h 1764 ro^ax'B, 6ujro eiuie 
BUBeseeo iiineHHAu 820,000 RBapiepoBx, a bi 1767 h 1768 
y»e BBeaeHO 830,000 EBapxepoBi, qio cocTaBMJia, no Torflam- 
HHiTk BfiraHCJieHifiM'L , 20 7o Bcero npoHBBOAciBa nmeHHi^u b'b 
Ahtjuh. Bm6ct% cb dTimx, na^aja BospacTaib h i^i^Ha Ha 
xitGx. BecHOH) 1763 ro^a, RBapiepi nmeHHi^Bi CT0^iI^ 33 m. 
2% Am oceHbio ase 1767 AOCTHri 58 niHJi. 8 a- P tojlro 
^'h 1769 roAy i^taa naia ao 39 niHJi. 6 a-, BCj^ACTBie Jiyq- 
Hieft, xoTfl D HO oco6eHHO Coraioi saiBu. Bo BpeMfl roAOAa 
Bi 1767 roAy oOHapyisHJocb BOJiHeHie b'b HBsmeM'L sjacct 
Hacejeflie; npHmjocb ycMHpaTb ero opyasieifb, npn newb no- 
rH6jo MHoro aapoAa. EABa ycnl^JEH onpaBHTbca, Bas'b bi 1771 
roAy HBJifleTCfl onaTb AoporoBiSHa; i^^hb nmeeHitu noAHHJiacb 
OBflTb AO &7 mnj. sa RBapiepii h AopsaJacb noqiH ao Becubi 
1775 roAa. ORaaajiacb HaAoOeocTb bboshtb eseroAHO ho^tr 
200,000 RBapT. nnieHHitbi. 3a Asa roAa 1774—1775 BBeaeHo 
fiojii^e 1,800,000 RaapT. HHOCTpaeHaro xii6^ paanuxii cop- 
TOBi. ffiaj[o6bi Ha rojioA'b h AoporoBHany Sujh TaRi bcjoirh, 
qio JIouAOHGiiiil HarncTpaT'b BUA^JTb no 4 nmji. na RBaprepii 
QpeiOR 3a CRoptfimyH) AOCiaBRy 20,000 eaapTepoB'b xji6a 
OnflTb H xenepb HaqaJB npiHCRHBaTb BceBOBHoasHbiH oCiflCHenifl 
npR^mH'B TBRoro lasojaro nojiosenifl. 



— 120 - 

(bpBsnJM HcnuTUBajia bi 9To BpeMfl no^H r6 me 6tfr 
oTBifl. Sa^cl npHimcBiBajm hxi, r^aBHUMi o6pa30iii, cboGoa^ 
BBOsa H BiiBosa xj[i6a, A&poBaHflolt b'l 1764 ro^y. B'b Ahtjih 
ace yBasuBajiH Ha BpeMeHHoe sanpeu^enie Bueosa h A<>BBOJieHie 
BB03a, RaBi Ha rjaBHp) npHqeay AoporoBnsHU, npenaTCTByio 
mjio pasmHpeHiH) o6pa6oTBH seMJUi. IIoAOdptBajiH apeHAaxopoBi^ 
MejibHHKOBi H xj[%6hhrobi B'b cTaqRt ; HO Oujra h 6ojtbe 
cepbesHUfl MH^Hifl. TaEi, nesAY npoMHHi, oahh roBopniH, qxo 
i^^HHOCTb cepeSpa naia. l^tficTBHrejibHO ^ no FyMSojibATy, vh 
1770 roAy h ocoCeHHo B'b 1778, yBejiH^HJiacb Ao6uia cepeSpa 
Hd'b aHepHsaHCRHXi pyAHHKOB'b ; HO BJiiHuie THRoro yBaiH^eHia 
AoOu^H Ha utEa Morjo oSnapysHBaTbCfl TOJibRO Majio-no»Hajy 
H TO BHOCJitACTBiH ; j^u TaRHXi BHesaiiHux'b R0Jie6auiil niwb^ 
OHO He Horjio cjiyaEiTb AocTaTowbiMb oSiflCHemefirb. HaHOHei^i, 
Ha BOBBumeHie ii!bwb no 1770 h 1778 toaobi oho coBci^ii 

He MOrJIO B^HTb. 

yRBBUBajiH TBRse Ha qpesBbiqaiiHoe paaBRrie ToproBn n 
Ha yBejiH^eme HapoAOHaceiema , BUBBaBmia cHJibHbift Banpocb 
Ha xjcbftb) a BiH^cxft cb ttwb h bucorib Ji^kim. Qto Racaercfl 
pasBHTifl ToproBJffl H yaeiH^eHifl nacejieHiff, to A'^^cTBHTeAHO 
OHH Morffl noBiiflTb Ha BUcoTy i^i^H'b hb xjifiSi. Bi sTon 
nepioA'B, MoseTi 6£iTb^ GuroAapfl bhcorhmi i^iHajirb na xjib6i, 
BHauTejbHO pasnnipHJiacb o6pa6oTRd bohjih. Bi i^apcreoBaRie 
Teopra III, 6ojii^e 2Vs mhji. aRpoB'b sesuH 6bUo BHOBb BaHATO 
HOA'b noifl, a TaKse h hb CTapux'b hojibxi o6pa6oTRa nojy- 
wia 6oj[te HHTeHCHBHUft xapaRTepii. CAtjaHU 6um TaEse 
BocbMB Baamufl yjiy^meHiE wh opyAiaxii h cnoco6ax'b caiofl 
o6pa6oTRH. H He cMOTpa hb pasBHTie seMJieAtiifl, Aht^h c^ 
BToro yse BpeHeHH Hawja HacTOHTOJibHO nysA^i'i^cfl wb npi- 
BOBHOM'b xj[i^6i^; cb 1790 roAB BBOSb xjii^Oa CA^bJiajca npa- 
BHjQ»Hmrb H nocTOflHHUHi. SaROHOABTejibfiaH penaireHTaipfl 
BBOBa H BbiBOsa Aouma 6iua tbesb noBJDSTb hb bhcotj 



— 121 — 

Hiwb Ha xAtH E Ha paBBHTie oCpaCorisH. Gi 1670 roxa cy- 
fl(ecTBOBajii saROHi, no KoiopOMy bbo3i paapimajicfi , npH 
nomjuiH^ Bi 8 mm. na RBapiep^, TOJbKo Tor^a, Bor^a utEh 
xjrtSa BOBBHCHTCfl HO 53 niHJi. 4 Am CBoOoAHiitt se bbobi 
AonycKajcfl toubo npH niut bi 80 mu. llo bi 1773 ro^y 
yraxto, 9T0 A^psaTLCfl ardro saKOHa Oujo yse coBepmeHHo 
HeB03MOBHO, H noTovy pasplmeH'B Sun bbosi 3a nonuuHy 
Bi 6 Am KaKi CRopo i^tfla RBapiepa nmeflfli^EJ aoxoahjeb ao 
48 mHj. ; ecJiH me ona AOCTHrajia 50 niHJi., bbo3t> p^imMCB 
CBoSoAHUMi. SamtTHAH, qio pedyjibTaiOH'B diHX^b Mtpi Sujio 
6ucTpoe B03BBinieHie i^i^HX; npH MajtftmHX'B bhabI'b hb He* 
yposafi, utEhL 6ucTpo BupacTaJH up 50 niBJi^ kofab hoabobi 
HHOcipaHHaro xjrb6a a^^^'^cb cboOoahum'l. Majio-no-Majiy stb 
3asoHHafl i^^Ha Ha xjAH j(m CBo6oAHaro BBOsa CA'i^Jiajiacb 
noqiH nocTOflHHOK) i^'bHoio, peryjiapyioqeH) BHyxpeHHee npoHB- 
BO^CTBO xj[']&6a. Ha Heit ocHOBUBajmcb pacqetu 3eMJieBJ[aA'6J[i>- 
HtKh^ apeHABTopoB'L H BooSn^e Bcero BeMJieA^jibqecKaro npo- 

HSBOACTBa •). 

Egjih A'^itcTBHiejibHo yBejiH^eme Hacejiemii n paBBHTie 
ToproBJH cnoco6cTBOBajifl BOSBumeHiio n/kwh na xsfb6i>^ to ohh 
He MorjiH 6fiiTb npHqHHOH) toctuxii R0Jie6aHifi bthxii ip&H'b. 
PasBHTie ToproBjni h nacejieHifl npoHOXOAHJO nocTenoHHO ; cji'6- 

AOBBTeJIbHO) BHOCHTb nepCMtHU Ha pUHOBl OHO MOFJIO TOJIbBO 

Majo-no-MBJiy, ne npuqHHafl GucTpuxii h Buedanaux'b E0Jie6aHiit 
Bi> i^i^HBX'b HB xji'b6'b, Baaia mu BCTpiqaenb bx sto apeHfl. 

Ha A^fici'BHTejibHyH) opHqnny yEBBaji'b A. Gmhtl , — 
HMeHHO HB qpesBbiqattflo HeSjaronpiflTHbie yposan. 

b'b cJi'^Ayioqie roAU, ao 1790, xji£6hh& puHOR'b yAep- 
SHBaeTi TOTi Bse xapaRTepi», xoTa rneTL Heyp02RaeBi> h Bbi- 
coTa ^tH'B He TBRi qyBCTBHTejibHH. TaRi, cb 1775 no 1780 r., 



Helferich, tairb se. 



— 122 - 

3a ECRiioqemeHi I???, utEU Kb AhtjIh 6uju AOBOibep ynt- 
pcHHU, OC066HHO Bii 1779 roxy, Kor^a ittaa naia Ha 35 m. 
7 A* Bi H^soTopue roAU A&s^ buboshih xjM% ; naffL nanp. 
B'B 1776 BUBeseHo Gujio ao 200,000 RBaprepoB'B . nineHHipi ; 
HO Ha^HHafl CT> 1780 roAa onflTb cii^AOBajH 4 roAa neypo- 
saftHue, H n^bEhL na nmeHHi^ noAHfijHCb ao 53 nnui. Oco- 
6eHH0 xojiOAHiiifi BHMEi saipyAHEJOi KOpMi Cfiora h BUSBaie 
AoporoBHBHy Kflca. Ki TaBHiTL se roAam mosho OTflecTH 
1788, 1789, 1790, 1792. IIoqTH t^ me KOJieOamfl vfim^ h 
qacTue HeyposaH npoAOixaioTCfi ao ROHi^a cTOJitTiA. 

B'B nocjitAHie foam CTOJii&Tifl ua BUcoTy niwh na xjtoi 
BjdflH)Ti» yse He oahh HeyposaH, ho h nojiHTH^ecBifl o6ctoi- 
xejiLCTBa: peB0j[H)i9H, boShu, EOHinHeHiajibHafl CHCxeMa Hfla- 
HOHeiCB 6e3nopflAHH bi> jf/dEemxiowb oSpaqemH. 

He CMOxpa OAHaiO' se na BucoRia i^'^hu hocji^ahhiii 35 
jiiTb XYm ctojiI^tIh^ BJOflHie npeAUAynnHXii toaobi yposai- 
Huxi 6fiuio Tan boihro, ^to, no BuqnojeHiflM'B Apxypa lOsra, 
cpeA&flfl A'bna BHHveoTepcRaro RBapiepa B'B XYUI cioji'&TiH 
paBHa 1 «yHTy 18 hihj. 7 a-, TorAa RaR'B B'B XYII ctojAtui 
OHa paBHfljiacb 1 «. 18 m. 2 a* 

IIoqTH TBRifl se, ecjiH He Goumifl flBiemfl AoporoBHSHU 
OTB 1765 roAa npeACTaBifltoTB h ROHTHHeHTaJBHue xi^Onae 

pUHRH. nOCbBU nOVTH Be3A% CTpaAHJH qacTO otb chjibhuxi 

3HHT», paHHHX'B XOJIOAOB'B H AOSA^IHBfilX'B J[%TB. 

3a HCRJiioqeHieM'B B'B ni^EOTopuxB OTHomeBiax'B 6ajTil- 
cRaro npnGpesBfl, AoporoBHBna B'B FepHaBin bb 1770—1773 
roAax'B SuJia CHJiBH^e, niwb B'B >HrjiiH, n R0Jie6aHifl i^hi 
en^e 3aM'bTH'6e. TaRB, B'B HioHxeHib, caMoni> Sojbhioh'b xji5- 
HOMi puHRi^ losHofi FepMamH, ToproaaBmeirB xitOoiTB a 
DlBetti^apieH), ROJieGanifl nl^wb 6hLM cjAnjiomjiE : me<»ej[b cxoaxb 



— 123 — 

1760 - 1769 7 «i. 36 b. 11 «. 20 b. 6 «. 28 b. 4 «. 7 b. 
1770-1773 17 «j. 13 b. 21 «. 3 b. 11 *. 16 b. 6 •. 2 b 

En^e cHAHfie BoiefiamH i^hi Cujhi bi> ApesAeai. 

Poacb- llmeHHoa. fl^MeBb. OBeci. 

1764—1769 1 th. 23 gr. 3 th. 1 gr. 1 th. 9 gr. 22 gr. 

1770—1773 4 th. 1 gr. 4 th. 18 gr. 3 th. 5 gr. 1 th 13 gr. 

OTHOCnrejibHO Opani^m hsbI^ctho, qio, BCJi^ACTBie mo- 
imi-h saTB^, B^ 1770 r., bo3ji'6 JlHMosa^ bi npesHHX'B npo* 
BHHipflxi JlHMydHHft H HapiD'b, yMepjio OTi rojiop 4000 Ayni'B. 
Bi> HopMBHAiH 6iiiJ!a TaBse CHjibHafl AoporoBnana. 

B'B PopenoHAe (bi FojijiaHAiH), wb 1770 roAy, A^na 
psH yABOHJiacB. — cl 8 <^. 8 iuthb. B03pacj[a ao 16 u. 
16 niTHB. 3a Hajibiepi. 

He MCRibe 6ucTpu 6uBajiu oahbeo se Ha ROHTHHeHTt h 
naAeHifl ntwb TaBi>, oti 1775 ao 1781 r., cpeAHflH i^tna 
6Hia yse : 

Posb. nmeHBKB HymeBb, Osecb. 

Bii HioHxeHt 6 M. 28 Ep. 10 <d. 11 b. 5 «. 14 e. 3 «. 33 r. 
Bi jI^pesAeHib 1 Tai. 19 rp. 2 t. 13 r. 1 t. 11 r. — 23 r. 

Bx MioHxeHft laEia hhseIa u^mt 6um tojlbo oti 1748 
AO 1757 roAa, a bi /t^pesAen^ pa3B6 wb Haqajit CTOitTia 
on> 1700 AO 1709 r, 

Bii TouaHAiH (bii PopeMOHAe) bi btr se roAu i^'^hb 
MBAbTepa psH najia na 7 <dji. 10 hithb., tofab bbe'l cpeABflH 
i^'bHa CB 1770 no 1775 6ujKa 12 <i>j[. 14 bithb. 

fldli npHBeAOHHUXl A^HHUXI* O COCTOflHiH XJI^GflUXl puH- 

EOBi Bi AnrjiiH h hb soHTHHeHTi^ Ebpouu BHABO) ^TO AO 

BOCbMHAeCflTMX'L TOAOBli XYIII CTOJi'bTifl FOAbl ypOBSaOB'L H 

BeyposaeBi cJiy^aioTCfl noqiH bo Bcefi Eapont OAflOBpoMeHHO ; 
Toaso CL 1780 roAa mu saH'bqaeM'B H'BBOTopyio pasBHi^y. 



— 124 — 

TaK-B, Ha KOHTHHeHi*, OTB 1780— 1790, nepBMeroflu flecflTB- 
jj^iifi 6ujEH MeH'be Aoporn, Tor^a EaBi b% Ahfah jyqmHiii 
roAauH Giura nooil^AHie. 

Bnpo<ieicb, pi^snie nepexoAU otl ypoaaeei Kb eeypo- 
saaMii, OTi qpeaBtiqatteo BucoEax'B i^hii hi cpaBraiejUiHo 
HH3Binrb, npo^ojURajHCk noBceiitCTHo. Tarb, wb Aarjin, hi 
cpaBHHTejibHO Jiyqmee BpeMfl, bi 1788 h 1789 roAU, A^ea mne- 
HHipi CTOHia 57 niHJ. KBapTepi. Ecu 6u He 6uj[o 3anpe- 
u^eHifl BUBOda, to OHa CToajia 6u eii](e Buoie , noTOMy nro nine- 
HHi^a nua bx AMCTepAaii b , vni IleBEepi saisynHJ'B ee ^n 
opaHi^yscBaro npaBHTejibCTBa, h r^t i^tfla na nee cioflja on 
60 AO 70 niHJ. sa BBapiepi. B^ VLjoeiqeI^ cpeAHflfl i^feHa 
xjit6a 6ujia: 

Pjii. HmeBMiUk. flweu. Obca. 

0Tb 1780—1785 7 ©. 21 k. 10 <d. 5 k. 6 *. 2 k. 3 *• 41 1 
t 1786—1789 9«. 22 b. 13 «. 26e. 7«. 36 k. 4o. 6e. 
Tose caMoe Gblso h b'l KeHErc5epr6: 

CpeAHflfl idna aa me«eib. 

oTi 1776-1785 • 77 rpomeit. 

. 1786—1789 - 1 Taji. 23 » •). 
Qocji^AHee AocHTHJii^Tie XYIII s^Ba, sutb mu yse cia- 
sajH, xapaExepHsyercfl TaEHHn se BOoSqe bucossmh qbHaxi 
na xjlGii H ptBEEMH ROJieSaflifiMH HXi. TyffB, Bi AOEaBaiejb- 
CTBO Toro, W£o nepioAH^HOCTb b'l yposaaxi BOSMOJKHa, ysa- 
suBaerb Ha roAU on 1793 ao 1819, HorAa Heyposafiaue 
roAu noBTopflJiHCb qaqe, q^i eofab 6u to hi 6iuo. Ho 
o6iflCHflTi> sojieGaHiA v^twb wb btotl nepioAi oahhhh neypo- 
saflMH H6Jtb3fl: SesHpepuBHua Boftflu, poBOJiiouifl, BunycEii 
6yHaaKHux'B Aeneri b'b rpoMaAHiixi* pasM^paxii, ace aio aouho 

6UM BJQHTb Ha TOBapHUO pUHEH B'B OTA^AHOCTH, lasi 9T0 



a) Cm. Heifeiich, cTp. 135. 



— U5 — 

3K0HonneeEoe noioseme Espomi Bi sto Bpevfl npeACTaMgerx 
aco6utt nepio;n> , nsy^eHie Eoropaio buxoahti 3a npcA^au 
Harnett a&n&mi. 

HeEAJ Tiicb, H ;^o 1790 roj^a, ae chotph Ra aeDOCTO- 

HBCTBO l^i^fil B ABBe HB BeOAHOBpeHeHHW BXl HOJieSaBJe, npH- 

iiHy AoporoBHSBu xj^6a npmiHCUBaiB HHoriei ocofieBBo Bt 
AhmIb, HSHtHeaiK) ii^hbocth cepefipa. Oahbi asi saqBiHB- 
EOBi TaEoro HBtBia iipHBo;^in. bi xosasaTeacTBO TaSiHi^ 
Eojefiaaia i^i^ai Ba pasjaiiHLisi puaaaxii £Bpoau Bi XVIII 
BtRi, BupaxeHHjn b-l cotuxi. CoDOCTaBjaa ee ci TaBOB) &e 
Ta5jHi;eE) BoimecTB^ AOliuqH a leEaaa HWajuoBi Bi HeB- 
CHE^ H llepy, OBI aieicaeni ofrbacBHTB nepeiifiHU Bi i^tBaxi 
Ha iirbQ-b nepeH^BaHH bi ao6uv% HeTajjOBi. TaKi bbei tb- 
5jH^u 9TB HoryTi cBopte cay&HTb aoATaepBtAfiHieH'L apoTHB- 
Haro HflfiBia, to uu h npHBOABUi bit, SA^ob: 



1700- 
1710- 
1720- 
1730- 
1740- 
1750- 
1760- 
1770- 
1780- 



■1709 
1719 
1729 
1739 
1749 
1759 
■1769 
1779 
-1789 



100100 



100 



120 202 
121135 



BuBOAa fl3i BToH Ta^nofi cpeAHia i^liBU ui^a, no 
AecaTHJliTiairL, jifit i^^jiott £fipoBU, a conocfaaifla hxi ci> bo- 



^ 126 



jHqecTBOH'B BuqeEaHeraaro Meiaua bi Hepy h MeEOHrt, no- 
lyvaeH'B cji-bAyiDiiufl iti^pu: 



CpeABiji KfiHU xjit6a bt* Esponi. 



1700 
1710 
1720 
1730 
1740 
1750 
1760 
1770 
1780 



1709 
1719 
1729 
1739 
1749 
1759 
1769 
1779 
1789 



100 
108 
91 
90 
110 
107 
135 
144 
139 



KojiH^ecTBo HerajuoBii, 

BmcKaHeHHoe bi Mes- 

cBBt H nepy. 

100 
114 
137 
148 
173 
206 
192 
275 
302 



Mu BHAHifB, qio jift 1760 roffa somqecTBO hobo! ho- 
6mE MeTajutoBii nocTOflnno BOspacTaexi; MesAy t^vb, u!bm 
Ha xjA6% OTb 1720 ao 1740 r. ctojutb hhsc, ^Awl bi> nep- 
bue 15 JiftTii cTOJii^Tifl. BospaciaHie ao6umh HeTauoBi co 
BToporo Ha Tpelbe AecflTHJitne , noqxH na 207o, He oKasajo 
BHRaKoro BJriflHifl na i^i^Hu; TorAa EaRi bx nocji^AHei noio 
BHH'b cTOJii^TiH BOBpacTame 6uj[o MeHbmee, a Bjoflme Ha i^hu 
kj['66a, ecjiH npHnHCUBaib HeTauaMi, oKaseTCfl Ooibmee. 
HasoHeifB, ynaAOKi» aoGutoh bx 1760 roAaxi He hobjuui 
coBepmeHHo na u!bEU xifiSa; nanpoTHB'B, mu bha^mi mm- 
meHie hxi. 

Boo6n(e se o xaSjun^i cjii^AY^^ saM^THTb, tto bi neS 
yKasiiiBaeTCfl lOiibKo Ha saaHCHHocTb n!bwb xj[%6d bi EBponit 
OTb Ao6£iqH GjiaropoAHUxii HeiauoBb B'b AMepHKt, ho yny- 
H^ena mrh BHAy jifl^hma MetauoBi B'b EBponIb n paaBHTie 
RpeAHTHUX'b opyAifi oSpan^emfl. 

MesAy TftHi, OAHHXi 6yMa»Hiiix'b A^Herb, Hoseri Ohtb, 
HHBorAa cTOJibRo He (uio Bunyn^eHo, KaRi bi ABaAi^aTHXi 



- 127 — 

Tonax'b H Bi nocil^AHee A^cflTHii^Tie xym BiEa. — CjApp- 
BaTejLHO, OTHomeHie mmjij cnpocoMi h npeposeHieHi Ha 
aMepHKOHCKoe sojoTaMorao ociaBaTbCfi HeHBMtHHUHi, ho CMOxpfl 
Ha pasHHiqr AoCfirai b^b Ha^ajij^ h kohi(6 cTOJCbTifl. 

H laRii cocTOflHie ntwb Ha xitOi bi EBponi, ne cMOTpfl 
Ha cHJUiHUfl EojieSaHifl, HOserB TaRse caysHib noATBepsA^ 
fiieiTB Toro nojEOsemfi, qio i^tHHOcib SjaropoAHHXi Meiai- 
JOB'L Bh XYin BftEt fia eBponettcsHxi puHsaxi ociaBajacb 

HeH3M%HH0H). 



r^ABA BTOPAfl. 



BajiaHCb pyooKofi BHAnraeft xoproBjm. 



Ho HOAOCTaTBy TOqmJX'L XaHHHX'B, TpyAHO OTBi^qaTb fia 

Bonpocu : OTEyxa nojiyqajia Poccifl sojioto h cepe6po b'b XTIH 
BiBfby syAa ynoipeOjiflja hxi, a TaRse Kb saKHxi oTHome- 
memaxi AeHeasHufi puHOEi» PocciH eaxoAHJicfi ci coScTsen- 
HUMi MeiajuuEqecBHHi puheoitb, h HeiajJUiqecsHirL puHioMi 
ocTauHoft Esponu? QonuTaeHCfi xora npH6j[i[3HTeiiiH0 pi- 

niHTb 9TH BOnpOCU. 

Ilpn BCTynjeniH na npeciojni Ileipa BeiHRaro He 6£uo 
en^e hh sojOTmLii, hh cepeSpaHHuxi pyAHHROBi ChShph h 
ypajia; cepe6po h sojoto hb pyccEiS puHOB'b Horu npixo* 
AHTb TOAKO H3i-3arpaHiiipj. Jlfijisie Tpn h1^abi>i^ pypHRa bou% 
Ojonei^Ra h sa Mesenl^ 6uj[h secbMa csyABH. 

npHJHB'B HflocTpaHHaro soaoia n cepeGpa nyTeMi BHim- 
Heft ToproBJiH CA^^JiajicH oco6eHHO SHaqniejibHuiirL co BpeiieflH 
oTEpuTifl apxaflrejibCEaro nopia. IIo KHJbSyprepy) bi 1671 
roAf OAHH EtwjfA npHBesjH 27,839 AyfiaTOBi h 50,009 la- 
jepoB'B, EpoM'6 16,000 py6jieii pyccEHHH A^HbraMH, yxopB- 
niHMn sarpaHHi^y vpesi yEpaHHy h IIojiBmy. Bi 1672 roxy 
npnaeaeHO 11,320 AyEBTOB^b 5,629 TaiepoB'b h 2,002 py5. 
Bi 1672 roAy — 9,545 Ays., 12,000 tbji., a mt rouaHxii 



— 129 — 

7,120 jfjK. H 100 Tai. QoniJHH'B wh ApxaerejibCKt cb 1654 
DO 1673 TOKb noiyqeHO 1,382,931 py6. 84 Vs Ron. *). 

BajaecL pyccRott ToprouH 6uji yse h Torxa Buroxauft 
pa PocciH ^). Ol ocHOBauieMi DeiepSypra rjaBHHMu Topro- 
Bun puHKaiH Poceia, HM'bBnuuiH SjiHsattmyio CRi3b ci aa- 
naAHO-eBponeftcRHM'B puhboitl , CA^^jraJHCb raaaHH Bajiifl- 
csaro Mopa. 

Bi 1702 roxy Oerp'B BSflii HoxeaOyprb (IHjaccejib- 
6yprb), wh cjiiAyioni^Hb BaBoeBajiii HieHmaai^i^ OBJia^tJii la- 
mrb oOpaaoM'b BCbNii TeqeaieH'b fleBU a HUH^mnHiii KpoH- 
mraTOHi, a qpea'b 16 ARett noiiosu'b ocHoaaaie QeiepSypra. 

Bi TOMi me roAy neqaaRHO sa'bxajo rouaHAcaoe cyARO 
n wROWh R cojibiD , a ci aToro BpeMeaa aaqaiiaeTca yse 
nefiepfiyprcRaa aarpaHaqaaa ToproBia. BcRopi^ yoTpoeaa 6ujia 
Bep«b H ajpmpajiTeftcTBO , h qpeai nocojbciBa o6iflBJieHo o 
ROBoit pyccRofi raaaHH ; pacqaruaajn rjaBHun oCpasoirb Ha 
iflrmaHi h FouaHAiteBi, ho npHrjamaM Toproaaxb Taase 
HTaibflHcme ropoAa h BoibHue Htaei^ue ""). Uerpi asejaji 
cAtiaib neiepfiypn naBHUH'b mI^ctomii c6uTa pyccRHX'b to- 
fiapoB'b; HO i^HKL HB TOBBpu, B6Jl^ACTBi6 saTpyAHHiejbHaro 
npoBoaa mi^ BHyrpeHHHX'b mI^ctb PocciH, Sbum b'b neiepSypr^ 
3HawrejbH0 Bume apxaHrejibCRHXii. HysHo 6ujio ycipoHTb 



a) SchlAser Mtinas-Qeld- und Bergwerks-Geschichte des Rossichen Kaiser- 
thorns Ton J. 1700 bis 1789. Meiat aos Urkunden bcschrieben. 65ttingen. 1791. 
CTpaa. 70. 

b) CeMeaoB'b. HayHeme acTopH^ecsHxii cBiAtBift o pocciffcKofi BHtmHeii 
toproBjb B npoMUBueBHOCTU cb nojiOBBHU XVin CTOJitm no 1858 roxb 
C.-I16. 1859. nacTL 3, CTp. 19. 

c) Ch. Henrich Storch. HistoriBch-Statistisches Gem&lde des Russischen 
Beicbs am Ende des achtsebnten Jahrbunderts. Leipzig, 1802. jowb 5, cTp. H h 
Citx. Tame Soberer, Histoire raisonn^e du commerce de la Russia. Paris 
^^CLXXXYin, TOHT> 1, CTp. 141; Friebe, ttber Russlands Handel, Gotha and 
^^.-Petersburg, 1791. Tom 2, cxp. 95. 



- i3D • 

bojuraoe cooOiqeBie h noTOny, moA nojrraBCROft (htbu, itopy- 
qeHo 6ujo EHseHepy IleppH HdCjrbAoeaTb ips CHcreim cooS- 
mfim BojTH (Tb HeBOH), — no 9th uaHU ae uftiH ycntxa. 
no3XH%e saioseH'B 5ujn jfaAoascsitt KaHaJi», OEOHqeaiaiit anpo- 
qeiTb TOAKO Bi 1732 r. Kynei^ GepAK>KOBi asaicfl ooexH* 
HHTb I^Hy Ob Taepi^oiD. 

MesAy rtMi, qToCu ycipaHHTb KOHKyppeaqiio Apxaa- 
rencRa, b'b 1713 roxy sejitoo Siuio hsi npajKicaiUHxx npoBHH- 
i^i B03HTb Toaapu He b'b ApxaHrejiBCHii, a bx HeiepSyprB, 
a nenbsy h idoti nflme h31» OTAajeuauxi *"). KpoiA Toro, 
BeiftHO 6iuo sHaTHUMi Rym^aHi^ nepeceuTbca hbi Apxaa- 
reibCRa bx IleTepfiyprb 

SaRiiDMeHu GbiJiH TpaRTaTu, y^pesA^Hu ROHcyjibCTBa,ian 
HHOcTpaHHUfl B'b QeTep6ypr'b, tbri h pyccRia sarpaHU^en ^). 

Ci 1713 roAa HauflaeTca yase nocToiaaoe h Sucipoe 
BOspaeiaHie nexepSyprcKoft ToproBJB. 

^cjo EopaSjieft) nociqaBniHX'b neTepSyprcByio raaaflb) 
pacio Sucrpo: 

Bi 1713- 1 B^ 1717-51 
* 1714- 16 » 1718-54 
» 1715—53 » 1719-52 
» 1716—33 » 1720 — 75 



a) Hai ApxaHrejBCKa npocHjui oTBrtau 9Toro pacnopiiseHui h npvBOAUi 
B'b HHCJit AOBOAOBi, HTO HeHLKOByD npoMuiiueHHocTb ACpxarb B'b pysaxT* Tpl 
BtMiia Bii Bojiorxt, h ^to npH bhxi 25,000 nejioBtKii pa6owxii Baxojtm 
ce6% nponHiaBie. 

TojuBBjpm TaKse xoAaTattcTBOBaiH B'b nojibay ApxaHrexbcxa ; bo Bct 
9TB xoAaiaftcTBa Be HMtjui ycnftxa. 

b) MaiBteBi B'b 1706 rojcy saxjnDHBXb KOBBeniuD cb Opaanies. Hvajbn- 
CKHMi ropoAaiTb o6tnmBo yMeBbmsTb nonuuiBy sa V,. Fpa^i KaperrH aauv- 
Hjijn, KOBBeBoiD cb BeBeiiieD o loproBjrb cb neTep6yproH'b vb 1712 r.; a 
MeBbfliBKOB'b Cb JIi>6eK0M'b. AoJO'OpyKift ZBKAtnMUth KOBBenitis c% JiaHipiroNib. 

KoBcyiu vb rieTep6yprl — cBanajui AarjiiftcKift, noTon Opaniiyacni i 
Aaxcxift ; ^yriii aaiOH ynpeAHJU KOBcyibCTBa yxe nocrt. 



— 131 - 

Bil721— 60 Bt. 1759-728 

* 1722—119 » 1760 -3B7 

* 1724-180 . 1761-280 
. 1758-402 » 1762—387 

riaBHUiTB npeAieTOM^ BUBosa cnaqaia 6uj[a nenbEa. Bi 
xoHi^i i^apcTBOBamfl HeTpa neTep6yprcBilt puHOKb HHorAa xaRi 
aarpoHOSA^H'B 6ujiii pyecBHin ToaapanH, qio na^ajH ulknu. 
OooSeHHO se Bospacjio SHa^eHie UerepSypra cii ycipoficTBOMi 
BuiimeBOJiQitRaro h JIaAoscRaro RaHajfOBi*. 

SojQiqecTBO raeaHett Ha BajTittcKomi Hopt nocTOHHHO 
B03pacTajiO ; vh 1704 roAy npioSptoeHa Hapaa^ bi 1710 Pera; 
^eai roA'B nocrpoeR'L RpoHoiTaAT'L, a no HnniTaATCROMy Mopy 
Poccifl Bjiaj(£jia yse mecTbio hjh ceMbio raBaHAHR ^). Bi^ 1737 
rosy itpio6p%TeH'B Fancajib, a no ASoBCRony Hopy (1743) 
^PHjtpRicraM'L ; cjt AOBaiejibHO , ri noioBHHt CTOJitiia 6ujo 
yRe ABBflTb raBanefi na BajniflcRoifb iiop^. 

MeHsxy HHMH BasflMmee ntcxo nocjt DeiepSypra sauR- 
>an PHra. ToproBoe 3Ha<ieHie efl ne Mon* noAopaaib Ilexep- / 
^Tpn^ TaRi RBRii oHa ae^ia ToproBiio cl IIojrbmeK), Haiopoc- 
cie» H H^ROTopuMn SjiHsafimRMn Bej[iiRopoccittcfiHMH ropoAasiB. 
OosAHte AM pescRaro RyneqecTsa ycxpoeHi Suji'b SaHR-L wb 
Pht*, — Bi 1735 roAy Anna loanHOBna hmsl 100,000 py6. 
Ha AecRTb ATb Sea-L npoi^eRXOB^b , n BoaoSnoBJieHa cxapaa 
HpRBuerifl pnscRaro Ryneqecxaa — sanpeqeiie xoproBaxb bi 
pRrft HHOCTpaHHUM'L H AaiRe pyccRHM'b Ryni^aMi. npaxoAi* ro- 
pa6jieft wb Pert B03pacxaj[i xaRiRe Sucxpo. 

Cl 1703 no 1709 cpeAHPMi «iHCJiOH'b orojio 250 Rop. 
Ci> 1709 no 1713 ^hcjio Ropa6j[efi yMeHbmnjocb ao 70, ho 
^ 1713 roAa naqajo hocxohhho Boapacxaxb. 



t) neTep67prb, Piira) PeseA, UepBaj, ApeBo6ypni, Hapsa u Bu6opr%. 



1713 — 176 1726 - 861 1745 — 423 
1716 - 191 1729 — 375 1750 - 447 
1720 ~ 188 1735 — 420 1755 — 501 
1723 - 203 1740 -^ 597 1760 — 622 
Ho neiepSyprb noAopsaji'b ToproBoe BHa^eme PeBeis h 
HapBu, QcoSeHHo cb 1745 roAa, Eorxa sanpeuteH'b Cujii bu- 
8031 Aepesa BWb sthxi raBBHeft. finpoMeMi, xoproBoe BHa^ieHie 

EaEli BTHX'B, TBRli H APyrHI'B nQpTQBl>, 6UJ0 HeBHaUTeJ&HO. 

3a TO npeo6jaAaK)iitee SHa^eaie nojy^ejiH nexepCyprB) Pira ■ 
CB nflTHAocflTux'B TOAOBi Peeejib. Ht oahomi Il6Tep6yprfe ko- 
uqecTBO nonmHii 6iuo cb 1742 no 1749 roAi, aa 8 An, 
OKOJO 5,535,000 py6.; a ci 1750 — 1757 r. 7,662,000 py6. 
yse TorAB CTOiajui, qio noJioBHsa BHftniHett Toproua Buaa 
qpeai neTepSypn. fiajaHCB neTepSyproBoft loproBJUi fian 
BBpoqeMi ne BcerAa BEiroAeHi; cb 1742 no 1749 nepeato 
BUBOsa 6un aa 233,000, a cb 1750 no 1757 na 560,000; 
xoTfl Bi 1743, 1748, 1751 h 1753 roAax> 6aiaBCB nerep- 
6yprcEofi ToproBjB Siuti neBuroAeHi. 

ToproBJifl na fi'bjoM'B Mopt cocpeAOTO^HBancB rJiaBHun 
o6pa30Mi» B-b ApxanrejiBCBt. Xota Mtpu Hexpa fiejoutaro, ]q«- 
HflTLifl AJifl ycTpaHenifl Bonsyppemiui apxanfeiBCEott ToproBji, 
Gujui cHflrqenu (tbr'b, wb 1717 roAy AOSBOjeHO yse % to- 
BapoBi, npeABadfla^eHBUX'B e:b. oTnyc^y aa nope, oTPpaBJflTB 
qepeai ApxaarejiBCBi ; bi» 1719 roAy oGaaaxeJiBvoio CAiJHUWCB 
AOCTBBEa B'B QeTepOypn Tojobso V3 ToaapoB'B, a opg Ilwpi m 
nosaJtoBBBU 6um ApxanrejUiCKy act iipeiiMyinecTBa Q«Tep- 
6ypra^ orpaHnqenii tojbeo bubo31» a^P^bb h yAepsBHu nt- 

CEOJIBKO SOJIBmiH nOUIMBU), -- HO 9T0 HO MOFJIO BOBBpaTHTB 

ApxanrejibCEy npesHflfo 3Ha?eBia. Bx ftonul XVII 6T04i&Tii 
roAOBoft oGopoTB apxaHrej[BCBofi ToproBJOi Hcmcjum ao n^- 
jioHB pySjieft''); bi 1701 nojiy^euo 6iU[o TBMOxeHHUxi nom- 



a) niTopzi cHHTaerb o6oporb ApxaBfOAeioi toproBiB vb kobvI XVII 



- 183 — 

JHffb 139,421 Taiepi h 3,758 py6., a bi 1724 roAy nojiy- 
MeHO flomjUHii Bcera 21,717 lajiep. b 967 py6.; toubo ct» 
1730 FOAa TOproBjfl ApxaHreACKti ba^ajta n'BcBOJbBo no- 
npaBiHTbCfi ^). BOJiHqecTBib Bopa6jrett, nocin^aBmBX'L Apxan- 
rejbciiit nopTL, Etn noApofiHim ciAp^^mA; H3BtcTH0, qro 
ch Ha^aia cTOJtiia h ao 1718 ro^a hxi Slijio cpeAHnM'b 
qHCJoiTb oKoio 15U Bi roA'B; Bi 1745 to Ay hx'b 6iiJio Bcero 
25. B'h 1754 roAy 104 BopaOifl. SpoHi^ ApiaHrejiBCBa, no3A- 
Hte Ha Btjom Hopt naMajH aecra ToproBJiD Onera h Koj[a, 
HO ToproBJia Hxi 6iua Heana^RTejiLHa. 

CpeAHBirb qRCJOM'B, bi Bairlftone h fi!&j[oe Mopa npH- 
xoAUo orB 1761 ao 1763 etteroAHo 1833 Eopa6jiB. Tamo- 
xeHHuft AOXOA^ bo Bctaii Bum raBaHax'B npocTHpajicfl ^). 

HBocTpaBBUMH A^BBraBiH. PyecxaMi AeH&raiai. 

1730 ' 523,695 laji. 8 son. 34,448 py6. U% Ron. 
1735 -■ 547,896 i 44 Vj • 34,158 i 72 V4 • 
1740 - 539,877 » 46% » 181,004 1 16 

OxHOOHTejibHO qepHOMopcsoft ToproBra Bcl^ npeAnpiarifi 
nerpa BeJiHRaro pyniHJHOb '). IIo AoroBopy 17 11 roAa bos- 
Bpao](6Hi» 6uj[i> Typnaitb Asob'l. Bi nocjAAHie roAU CBoero 
i^apcTBOBadifl ohi xotI^jtl 6ujio onaib BOSBpaTHTb noTepaHHoe, 
npHRaaajCB yiRO oxpoRTs HaraaRRu aa A^ny, ho hc jcufbn 
BunojiHHTb CBORX'fa HaitpoRifi. TaERHi oSpaaonrb, bi nepsya) 



Btxa npBdiBaHTejibBO bi 850,000 lOTxuaawrb py6jeft. CeMeBOB'b BCHiicjiBen> 
o6oporb ApzaarejibCKott ToproBJOi orb 1697 ao 1702 r. cpeiiaflirb hhcjoht* bi 
Toxb Ba BUBtmBie py^iB: npsBoai 382,248 py6. otnycirb 728)456 py6. Cjit- 
AOHBTeAHO o6jsM MSopot% n*h 1,110,704 py6. b B»roABiifi ToproButt dajtaacb 
B'b SI 6.308 py6» Cm. Scbsrch, tovb 5, crp. 32 b CeHeaoBi. o poccittcKoit BB-bm- 
net ToproBjrl, tomi 3, cip. 18. 

a; Storch. Gem&lde, B. 4, S. 178. 

b> Tam se cip. 194, b Svplbd. 8. 27. 

c) Cm. Triet6 tlber RnsslandB Handel, loin. 1, cip. 32, u M. de Peys- 
floneL Traits sur le commerce de la mer noire. Paris, MDCCLXXXYII, tohIi 
I, erp. 163 b eA/i,, 



— 134 — 

qeiBepTb XYIII CToii^Tifl He lorjio (iuTb h& %pHOirk lopfi 
HHEaEoit ToproBjm. Toibso Ama loaHHOBHa B09o6HOBua uaHU 
Ilexpa. nooii boShu, Ha^aBinetlcfl Kb 1736 ro^y h okohub- 
meficfl He coBcbMi yAauuMi mhpom'b^ Abobi, cosepnieHHo 
paspymeHHufi^ ycTyHJieni Sbijii Poccih. Ho Pyccme noiy^HJi 
npaBO b6jh3H ciapotl rpaHHi^u ycipoHTb RptnocTb ; BCitxcTBie 
<iero B03o6HOBJ!eH'L 6ujrL noqiH paBpymeHHufl TaraHpon. 

Foccifl He HM'bJia npana A^piRBTb BoeHHaro motb hb ?ep- 
HOiTL Mopj^; xoTfl H HpexocTaBJifljiacb ett CBo6oAHaH ToproBJH, 
HO He HHa^e, Eas'b na Typeiymii Ropa6jiflX'B. Ilpn tbuxi 
ycioBiHi'b ToproBU He loria nojy^HTb SHauTenraii'B pas- 
MtpoB-L, Ttwb 6oAie^ qxo aeiacb ona TypKHMH h aohckuu 
EasaRaHH. Typeivsie cyxa xopjoi Kb Taranporb, ho n Taion 
HeBHaqHTejLbHOM'b ROJHqecTBt, «ito cb 1746 — 1748 r.n 
Taranpori npHHiJo Bcero 38 cyAOBi, — HiROTopue m^ 
HRXi 6um He 6oj%e puSa^HXi JioAORb *). — DpaBHTeibCTBO 
sejajo HcnpaBHTb a^o h AonycTHib rb ToproBJi pyccRXTb 
u caMouy npHHHTb y^acrie Kb cyAOXOACTBi. PibmeHo 6uio 
yqpeAHTb pyccRyiD ToproayH) ROHnaHiio h boSth Kb nepero- 
Bopu cb TypRBMH CBo6oA% oiaBaHifl qepeBi KoHCTaHTHBo- 
noj[bCRifi npojoiB^. ^ecib SToro npeAopiflrifl npHHBAiieiRHT'b 
sHpoqeMii yiRe EucaBeri. Cnaqaia BUBBiBajm seiaionuix'b 
HBi Rym^OB^ yqpBAHTb oaRTopin b^ Te]iepHHROB'& ; ho se* 
jiaiDii^HX'b He flBHJiocb. GeHarb Haqaii. npHdUBaib h cnpaniH- 
BBTb Ryni^oB'b nepBoft rajibAiH, ne nosejaerb jh rto vKb hhxi 

BBfllbCH 3a 9T0 A^^^o , — yCH^^XB TBRSe HO 6bU0. HaROHeA'b 

Kb 1755 roAy yAaJKOcb cocraBHTb ROMnamio hbi Tpexi pyc- 
cRHxi Rym^oB'b, BO rjiaB'& Roiopux'b 6un MocROBCRift mej- 

ROBUfi ^aSpHRdHTb XaCTBTOB'b. G0CTaBJ[eHHb[ft ROMnaHiOHaMH 

npodfiTb 6ujL% yTBepsAGH'b cenaTOMii ho^th 603% nepeiftH'b. 



a) Cm. Storch Gem&lde, tomi 5, crp. 268. u Scherer, torn 1| cfp. 215. 



- 135 — 



Bib 1766 ]X)Ay BTa somaHiH noiy^ua icRJiiDqiiTejBHoe npaso 
ToproBiH ea ^epaoHi Mopft. Bnpoqeirb, Bcamft pyccsifi Mor^ 
y^acTBOBaTb, KynBBUiH aaipio. HepBOHaqaJibHufi weut^ cocioflji'b 
ii3i» 50,000 py6., pa3Ai&ji6HHUx% na 100 afiiuft. EAHHCXBeu- 
Hoe yciOBie, nocTaajieBHoe KasHOio, Oujio — ae aaeHMaTbca 
KOHTpa6aHA0H) h njiaiHTb BcnpaBHO nonuiRHU. SaBeAOflu 6ujih 
TpH SORTOpU, B'B MocRBt, r^^ 6uM, E riaBHafl AHpeKi^ifl, Wb 

TeM^HHKOBt H KOHCTaHTHHOnOJii, — OOCJli^AHflH COCTOflJia H31» 

PyccffHXii H FpeROBTi. FjiaBHiift criba'B TOBapoBii npeAnojia- 
rajicfl wh TeHepRHROBfi, r^t oh'b AtficTBHrejBHO BUOCAiffiTBia 

H SlUl HIE TOprOBJTH HB BySBHR. Bc6 9TH npHFOJOBJieHifl UB 

MOUH oAHaio 2Re HMtTb RRRBRoro BHa^eBifl Sesi npepapH- 
TejbHBro corjiameHifl ci> OopTOD, a z}i!kch He 6iiio ycni^xa. 
Tan mwh PyccRie xajOBajmcB, qTO lypeiqde cy^a mbju, to 
TypiH o6tmftjaL TOJibRO cxpoHTb 6ojam& cyxa, RynajiH Ht- 
OROiLKO cyAOB'B y ROMuaHiH H oSi^n^ajH BaSpaiB qacxb 9Rh- 
naara. ^aa roAa niJH upHroTOBiemR, noRa bi 1758 r. Haqajacb 
ToproBJifl, HO ona 6ujia aecbiia HesHaqHreibHa h npeACiaBJifljia 
Aifl PocciH HeauroAHult loproBuft 6ajiaHci, tbri*: 



06na& o6oporb. 


Baoai. 


BuBoai. 


EajiaBci. 


1758 - 86,991 py6. 


52,077 p. 


34,91 4 p. 


—17,163 p. 


1759 - 99,446 . 


61,603 » 


37,843 » 


-23,760 . 


1760 — 127,368 . 


85,085 > 


42,283 > 


42,802 > 


1761 - 157,720 » 


1 15,069 » 


42,651 » 


-72,418 » 


1762 — 170,221 » 


1 28,906 > 


41,315 . 


- 87,591 »') 



TojibHo CL 1764 roAa Sajiancb qepHOMopcRoil ToproBw 
CA^jiajLCfl BuroAHUHi). Ho yse bi 1762 roAy OoTpi III yra- 

MTOSHJ'b TeMepHHROBCRyK) ROHnaHiM). 

OrapaHiR npaBHTejibCTBa ynpo^iHTb pyccRyio loproBJiH) hb 
^epHOMx Mop'6 oSpaTHifl BHHMBflie HHOCTpani^eB'b, ocoSeHHO Be- 
HeiQH H OpaHipH; nocj^AHflfl HBA^^RJiacb aaBecTH BxnH'b ny- 



ft) Storch Supplbd. 8. &9. 



- 136 — 

TeiTB ToproBjiH) CI nepciei). Ho mt npoesru h luaHU hho- 
CTpaHi^eBik He hk&ih xaxse y<»ftoa. 

OpaHi^Bu, noibsyflCB xoponiHMH oTHomeHUDiH CBoero npa- 
BHTCJibCTBa c% DopTOH), npocHJiH CHa^iajia HcsJUDnraiBHoft npi- 
BHJieriH Ha xoproBJio bi ^pnoi'b lopt, ho nojiy^nn OTBaai; 
HOTOiTB npocHJiH CBoSoxHaro npoitoAa qpesi AapAaHejuni, ~ ho 
TaKise 663% ycntia; HaROHei^^ iot^jdi ycTpoBib wb HapcejiH 
KOMnaniH) HS'b OpaHiiysoB'B h TypoEii, — h bto hm^jo Tasoft 
se HCXOA^. 

ToproBJfl PocciH hb BacnificfiovL iiopt wb lYIlI Bftit 
xoTfl H nojy wja BasHoe SHaqenie hi Eomqf^ nepBoft nojioBiiHU 
cTOil^Tiff, HO coBopmeHHO He TO, SBRoe flOJSHa 6uu ona mAn 
no nepBOHaqaibHUM'B MaHaH'b Herpa Bejoaaro, seiaBmaro 
oTKpuTb nyib Bi Hhaied h hi sojiotumi necEBM'B fipsean. 
Bo/t dscnejiHi^ui aa BOCToqautt 6epen» SacniltcRaro Hopa n 
fiyxapy, XHay h flpseHTL ae exAajh hhcbojii>ro yciri^xa % xora 
BopoqeMi oOjaxaflie BojoiaaHCRUffl ropaHH, HMftanniini m(h 
cjl^ACTBiH TBRoe aaiRHoe Bjiame hb pyccailt MerajunqeoRiit 



a) CHanajia npeAnojosoBo 6ujiq sanarb iaici> Tyrb-Kaparaei aim lop- 
ro&sH cb TpyxHeHauH, ho oKaaajiocb Hfo kIcto 6buo Bu6paH0 aeyjiaHBO n ae 
6eaoiiacHoe. Bi» 1691 roxy eme ompaBaeBo 6hao nocojbCTBO Bit XHBy, ^ito6u 
Ha BocTOHHOH'b 6epery Mopa ycipoBTb cxiaAOHHoe Htcto — bo ycnlza ae 6u.«o. 
Bi 1714 Toxf HtKTo XoAsa Ha^Hci npeAJiosHJTB naaai saBoesaiB Aify-j(apii>, 
BoaBpaTHTb ApeBHee Teneaie ea h saBiaxfeTb aojoTuiui poacunaicH. G'b 9tod 
UtJBD cBapaseaa 6u4a dBoneamia np/Cb BaHajBciBOH'b xaaaa BeaeBBHa, bo 
yse KpoM-b yaaaaHHUxi utjieft npeAnoaaraaoob raxate OTxpun nyib vh Hbjus. 
Bii 1715 roAy BeaeBBHii ta/aurb aa aocTOHBiift 6eperb KaenillcBaro Mopa a 
OTxpuji'b 6yjiT0 6iii cTapoe ycTbe AMy-Aapia. 

Bi 1716 roAy 0B7> nojyHBjrb orb Herpa I. aaorpyxKlD, Bib Koiopot 
MesAy npoHHifb npe/uiojiarajocb) ycTpoaib ABt apinocTa aa AMy-Aapia ; Xaay 
cBJioaajTb vcb noAHBBefliD ; aaBjaAtib aoaoTUMa poacunaiai vb flpaeart a ot- 
npaBBTb KapaaaHi b% HhaId. Ho npeAnpiarie aro aittAO eanut Jua^eaBuft 
ucxoA'b. Apyraa aKcneAHuia h3% Ch6bpb noA% aa^ajuciBOinb Byxroubqa a Cry- 
BHBa (1717) a Tpeiba noAi aa^ajacTBOirb Jlaxapeaa (1719) laase 6wa 6ea- 
ycntmau. Storch, Gemftlde, t. 5, crp. 40 a cji^a. faaxe Scherer, towbi^ crp. 229. 



- 137 — 
psHOK'E, yniK)?eHo Oujio SjiaroAapfl aTHMi eKcnej^flin. Ilpn 

KeE^ loaflflOBHi pimURCb OnflTb OTnpaSBTb 9RC^eAHI^I0 B'L 

fiyxapiiD noA^ Ha^aibCTBon TepSepa, ho RapaBani Ouji'f 
orpaOjieffB. Tasia Heyxaqa saBecTH aiSTHBHyio ToproBJ[io cb 
i^effrpauHOiD Aaieio h HHAien npH noMon^H pyccKHX'b BapaBa- 
BOBi npnejH ki 6ojr6e cRponHOHy sejaHiio — daaecTH lop- 
roBJii) CB coctAHRMH asiflTCKHHH HapoAaKH Ha CBoett rpaHHi^'b. 
XoTfl H 8A%cb npeACTaBjfljiHCb aaTpyAHema, ran xasi He 6imo 
yAo6Haro Bcbcia aa rpaHHii% A^h toptobjh, a rpafiesH co cxo- 
poHU KHpniaoB'b yrpoiaaiH RapaBBHBH'b Ha m nyTH bb pyc- 
CKHM'B rpaHHitaifb. 

Ho BiprHBU Hajolt opAU noA^HHHjncb Poccih (1731 
roAy) ; h hie ycrpoMciBa Miora loproBJiH BuSpana Sujia ptoa 
Opi, Ha soTopoft BUCTpoeni 6hLn wb 1734 roAy OpenSyprb, 
nepeaeceHHUtt anpoqeMii Kh 1740 roAy Ha RpacHoropbe^ a no- 
Ton Ha Tenepenmee mI^cto, a nepBua abb nojyMHiH naBBame 
OpcBofl H BpacfloropcEoft Bpfinocielt. 

Maio-no-Majiy aaqaiH npHxoAHTb HapaaaHU hbi XhbU) 
fiyxapu H TamseHTa. Bi 1735 roAy nepBuS KapaaaHi h3i 
TamBeHTa npHmejii wh y«y. PyccRie OHBTb nonpo6oBajH qt- 
npaBHTb cBOit RapaBaHi. bi XHBy, ho 6um orpaOjieHU. Bi 
1743 roAy ocHOBana Sujia apinocTb TpoHARi, CAibjaBmittcH 

BHi^CTt (Tb OpoHSyproM'b Ba»H%ttmHMH MibCTaHH ToproBJiH. Bb 

TpoHi^Et Bnpoqeni> Ha<iajiacb ToproBia cb 1750 roAa; aapa* 
BaHbi npHXoAHjiH npeHHyu^ecTBeHHO cioab hsb Ranirapa h Taiu* 
ReHia H Bi HtcROJibRo livb ToproBJifl AOCTHrjia SHaqnTejib- 
Huxi paaHibpoBi. 

TaRi, AoxoAU TaMOttOHHue Bb OpeH6yprcR(rit h TpoHi^Koiii 
TaMOSHax'b npoACTaBJiaioTb cj'6AyH)iUiH i^uopu: 

1738 — 547 p. 1741 — 3,872 p. 1744 - 4,806 p. 

1739 — 688 p. 1742 - 3,385 p. 1745 - 6,893 p. 

1740 — 3,083 p. 1743 — 4,183 p. 1746 - 8,028 p. 



-^ 138 — 

1747 - 12,628 p. 1750 — 52,507 p, 1752 -• 73,884 p. 

1748 -- 19,689 p. 1751 -^ 85,124 p. 1753 — 33,884 p. 

1749 - 44,189 p. 1754 — 50,362 p/) 
diH AOXOAU 6hLisL 6ii HecpaBueHHO 6ojbine, ecjoi 6u ci 

1748 r. asiflTCBie Ryni^u ne npHBOSHU SHamrrejEbflaro KOAraecTBa 
30J0Ta H cepeGpa, KOTopoe 6ujo cbo6oaho orb fiGUott noni- 
jiHHu Mpe3i> Tpom^fb BBescHO Dtx 1748 — 1754 roxa, no 
TaHoseHHUM'b B'bAOMOCTflM'b, 50 nyxoBi soJiOTa h 4,600 nyx- 
cepe6pa, He cuHTaa loro, qxo mofjio ycKOJibaayTb orb teho- 
!K€HHaro AocHOxpa. A ipesi OpeflSypr'b bi btoti se ne^ox'b 
BpeMOHH BseseHO 7^2 njAOBi sojOTa e 657 ayx cepeGpa *"). 
HysHO santTHTb upH TONi, ^To adiflTCfiafl EapaBEHBafl Top- 
roBifl HO orpaiiHqHBajracb To.ibi?o 9thmh lAcTaHH; B^ To6oj2»- 
CKyio ryOepHuo, B'h Rpl^nocTH CeuiinajiaTHHCByio, ycTbsaieflo- 
roi'CKyio 11 HMumeBcayH) npuxoAHJiH Tasise aapaBaHU, a v/br 
GEojibKo pyccRflxii RapaBBHOBb, ecjiH He AOCTHraiE caMoil 
BuAifl, TO AoxoAHiH fffi BajibKa, Tji!b BCTpl^^aJUCb Ch EapaBa- 

HaHH OCTb-HHXiH. 

TuproBiE Cb QepcioH) bi na^aii^ XVIIl Bftxa HaxoxHjacb 
B'b pyiaxi ApMflHii, HMi^BuiHxi ROHTopbi Bi. AcTpaxaHH. TiaB- 
hMuihm'l TOBapoMi 6uj[i luejRi; ohi He ToibRo mejrb n 
PocciH), HO TpaHSHTOiTb Ha ApxanrejibCRb m rojuanAiio, ot- 
RyAa n^wb me nyTem hijib Toaapu bi nepciio. IleTpi I wb 
i7ll roAy saRjEOWJn Aoroaopb cb ApiaHaMH, no ROTopoMy 
BecL mejRb nojLiBiewb Gbui hath na Focciio, h coBepmeHHo 
HpeKpan^ajiCfl bbibosi ero bi TypI^H). ApMflfle nojyqHJiH no- 
HonojiM) ToproBJiH mejROMii bi PoccIh h en(e APyrifl ibroTU. 
Ho upHBHjeriflMH sthmh \pMflHe BocnojbsoBajmcb toju>hq js^An 



a) Storchy Gem&lde, tohi 5, cip. 334 h npHM. 4 bi KOBiri Tova inrb 
PmKOBa. 

b) Gk. CeMeHOBi». Hsyn. HCTop. cBtA. o pyccK. lopr., Tom t, crp. 181 
H Schtorch, Gemftlde, Tom 5. crp. 334. 



— 139 - 

ToproBiH BflyipH PocciHy H H6 TOAKO H6 npenflTCTBOBan Dep- 
cam, HO H cau loproBaiH mejsoMi cb Typiyeio, nodxoMy 
npHrajienH hxi bi 1719 roA7 yHeqToseHU. Mes^y t^hi, 
fse H npes^e pyccxie lympi h3i AcrpaxaHH bcjh aobouho 
onBieHHyi) aKTHBHyio ToproBjno ci Depcieio, h ^s'l Ka- 
cniftcKoe Hope boshih TOBapu bi HnaaSoxi h a^^so FemTb; 
naBHutt CKjaAi cbohx'b ToaapoBi Hii&ffl bi DUeMaxi, paao- 
pemoit b'b 1712 ro^y, npH ^ewh noHecn uorepH h pyocaie 
synqbi. B'b 1716 roAy bbosi nepcuACBBXi h 6yxapcBHii to- 
BapoBi wh AcTpaxaHH npocTHpaiCfl ao 464,000 py6. h nom- 
Jiflu BBflTO OBOJO 25,000 pyO* ^). 

nojibsyflCB cMyiaHH wb IlepciB, Ilerpi npeAopraorL bk* 
cnepop Ha Bociowutt 6epen» BaBRaaa h wb nepciio, oeoh- 
HHfimificfl impoMi bi» {lerepGyprft wh 1723 roAy, no BoropoMy 
l^occii ycTyniOHU 6iuh bc6 nepcHACBia npoBHHiuH aa Bacniit- 
cKom Hoplb, AarecTBHii, lUapBanii, Thjchi, MasaAepafl'B h 
AcipaOaTi. Baay 6ujiii B3aTi» npesA^, h na 6epery Bypu ae- 
JlBo 6ujio ycipoHTb CB4aAoqHoe HicTO nu ToproBJU npeBMy- 
n^ecTBeHHo meiROMi. 

ToproBU Bia crb 1723 roAa 6Bijia OTAana y^ipesA^HHolt 
IleTpoMi BejiHEHHi BOHnaniii, cocroflBmetl rjiaBHUM'B oGpaaoHi 

H^ pyCCKHU Kyni^OBl, XOTH npHHBTU 6UJDI H ApMBHe, saR^b 

JiOAfl onuTHue. Jly^niBMi npioGpibTeflieii'L hjul ToproBJE 6ujii» 
THiiaflx, Tui Bi OAHOMi FemTt 6iu[0 6oJi1^e 50 BapaaaHca- 
paeBii, H KyAa cxoahjihcb ji,m ToproBU TypsH> flepcu, By- 
UffSfi H HBAycu. ToproBj[fi 6&i«ia ntnoBafl, — ho mejRb no- 
Hyoajicfl TOUHo na cepe6po. BnpoqeMi, ToproBJ[a btb upiynajia 
yse paabme pyccnaro BJiaAu^ecTBa. 

Ha BOCToqaoMii 6epery BaaBasa npioGp^bTenifl Poccin Oujih 
Tane aasnu; oahhi oTsyni ne^in wb Baay Aaaajii aasn'b 



a) Gem&lde, t. 5, crp. 437. 



- 140 - 

escroAHO 50,000 pyS. Ho yse n|»i Qerpfe BamoirB 6hjh 
B03Bpaii^eHu QepciH, MaaaiiAepaHi h Aorpafiax^ h ToproBJi 
OHHTB nonajia bi pyiH ApHflHi, EOMnaHii soropLixii b% Syjfc^t 
nojyMHJia npHBHjeriio BecTH TpaHSHTHyH) ToproBO) qpes'B poe- 
ciK) cuepBa sa 37o^ noTOMi aa 2% nonuouu. Apime onm 

BOCnOJIIi30Baj[HCb, H6 TOJbKO TpaHSBTOH'B, HO H SaiBaTHJH BOB 

nepcHACBO-pyccRyio xoproBjiH) bti cboh pyBH; tbitb larb ohm 
nojibBOBajiHCb OoJibinHHH jbroraMH, n%wh PyccRie, to pyccsai 
KoiinaHifl, ycrpoeHHafl DoTpoiTL BejiiiRHM'b, caia coSon pymi' 
lacb. OpH Ahh% loaflHOBHt BosBpan^erai Own no Tpanary n 
Pemifi Bcb saBoeBania Ileipa BejiHsaro bi IlepoiH, oamauct 
sa Poccieio nosa ^arecTaH'b h UlHpBaHi, n to TOJibKo xo 1736 
roAB, Kor^a TepoBi cA^iiaJicfl rpaHHi^eH) Poceia. PyccBie ttpo- 
nmh nojiy^HJiH npaBO cBofioxHoit xoproan wh IlepciH i npi 
AiihI^ loBHiiOBHi^ ToproBUfl OHomoHifl 0% nepcieK), 5bUM )i|o- 
BOJbHO BHawTeumi. B% 1738 ro^y AHrmqaae noxy^HJi uo 
BBOJeme bccth xpaHaarb ci IlepcieiD ^peai Pocciio. ho yie 
wb 1 746 roxy axo AOBBOJieHie othhtO) h ToproBJfl oDSTb ocra- 
lacb Bi pyKaxi ApiiflHi» h PyccKHXii h BBaqiiTMbHo npiy- 
najia; bi* 1749 roxy Becb o6oporb TpaHSHTa hbi IlepciH ua 
Heiepfiyprb npocrapajicfl Bcero Ha 218,000 py6. '). Seiaaie 
aaopaxb xoproBJiH) bi PyccBia pyra noaejro r'b yqpesx^iiio bb 
1755 roAy pycoRaTO TOBapHqecTBa «HaTBibeBii h S"**; Ap- 
MBHe ynoTpeSiifljiH cnaqajia BCb cpeACTfia noAopsatb axy koi- 
naHJK), — HO HO ycnfijoi ; HoaxoMy pi^mHiHCb, no npexjoac^Hii) 
UaHBojia HeaiaHOBa coeAHHHXb .o6ib KOHnaHiH wh oxny , oojii 
ofiu^BM'B HaaBaHioM'B HepcHACRofi roproBoft ROHnamH. FctaBii 
3T0fi cocAuueHHoft ROHnaHin 6iu'b yiBepsAOffb wb 1758 roxy* 
OcuoBBOfi RBHHTaA'b cooTOflJCb HBi 600,000 pySiiefi B% 4,00U 
aRuiflxii. npHBUjerin btoS ROMnaBiu Sum BejHBH, bo BociioibaoBa- 



a) Storch, Gem&lde, t. V, cip. 308, 



- 141 - 

JKB Mm Tojuo ApiVHe. Ilerpi in. wh 1762 roxy yHH^TO- 

wsua KOMHaHiH) w npe^ocTaBHn cbo6o;^ ToproBJH PyccBHHi 

soxxaHHUM'b Ha BaenttleRoirB Mop%. 

B'L 1760 roxy ToproBJfl n IlepcieiD npeACTaBuen* Ta- 

Kifi i^wpu: oSn^ifi o6opoT& 391,000 py6.; bbo3i» 210,500 p.; 

BUBoai 180,500 py6.; HeauroAHUfi 6ajiaH<yL aa 30,000 pyO. 

10 9TB ipnpptt aaRJUDqann bi ce6i a TpaaaarB 0. 

ToproBuxi CHomeaitt ci BaiaeMi npa Ileipj^ BejiHROMi 

noqm ooBcpmeaao ae 6ujio. Xoia a yqpes^eaa 5ujra ai 1721 

roAy BOCToquo-airatlcaaa Toproaaa aoMnaaia, wh aaxeax^ aa 
jcatuiHoe pasHeaieBaBie rpaaai^'b a xopomia oraomeaia cb aa- 
xafteaHMii npaaareucTBOMi ; — - ao AOGmpayTb aa roro, aa 
Itpyraro He Hom. 8a to nocjiib Ilerpa I. Toproajia aama ci 
Karaewb nojiywjia daaqarejEBaua paBM^pu. fii 1727 roAy 
BaiaraeRii 6iuh Tpaafan oraocHTejibao rpaaai^'B, a B'L 1728 
^^fJ Apyroi o6iiptt (HepqiHcaiM). no nocjftpeiiy xpaaraTyi 



a) y II](ep6aT0Ba BazoAHin> cjiftAynmee : ^BpH HimepaTpBai Auffb b b'b 

BeMtJioe Bpeiu w^TBOBafliB HmiepaTpBiiu ELuieaBeni IleTpoBBU, Ilepoui tfiua 

vh jm%TjmfiWb cocxoBBiB, cepe6po u soaoto bi see tobm h8% UbjoiBi b, aa 

npoMtB'b TOBapoB7> Banuxi, b31 IlepciB mbcto cepe6po npBB03BJB, noiOMi 

BIai% Toiiaoiv-JIyjiBKBBii, paaopji MoarojibCKyi) HHnepli), b BOjiy^a b% cTOJBOt 

oaiu BBBamenioe ooBpoivmi, ajata x opc6po itftBy cbob noiepAio ; atfaou, 

coAliaBBue uz'b vfCTtftmaro cepeCpa, bi» Poccin u% Bcjaxou imoseoTBt npB* 

xojuLSB, Taxase aBaiBoe xoiBMecTBO npsBoaxjui bi Acipazaab b bi OpeB67pnb| 

nin> BaauBaeiiare, Komneraro cepe6pa.'^ H vh npaMt^aaiB vb aTOxy xtcry : 

i^Bx yxbpxjui, no B'k OpeH6yprb vb ^leTupBaAoaifc airb xoryBBiio sb xaaay 

^ocyAapexy ao vecTB tucbhi nyAi a6acaHBy wouxmeiwrb cepe6poMi b Apy** 

^vwhy oxpoHt HTO npsBBTBue JUDAB BOjyvBjiB, mIbbb bb TOBapu ; B Toro Bcero 

nunannb ao aooxtx tuoxTb oyAib". Paaxux eo<iBBeBiif xBaaB M. M. n!(ep6aT0Ba 

MocKBa 1860. cTp. il9. Kpoxl Toro y Koiotobb ok. Alxaix ExaTepaxiii II, 

BxnepaTpBmi b CaxoAepaumu BcepoccittcKU x. 4, cip. 330: JifioejA nojiy- 

^iaA& Poccix Bail AaiB cepe6pflByD b aoAOiyv HoaeTy. Upasoai cbzii xeraji- 

'<^B% oorii 1790 no 1759 roA% npoofxpajMx eseroABO ao 2,000 xryAOBi (eejui ae 

^<&e) xoiarax x aojoro bi iioTpe6xoi x% oepe6py nponopiOB. A de bo se&b« 

me Espofleitcxott loproBAB yxaoxuuo bi rocyAapciBli aamen aojioTiiz'b x 

^P^paxBuxi ABBon. 



- 142 — 

qacTHM ToproBJEfl orpanHqena 6Kua pyMii noTpaRnHmm irt- 
CTaMH — BflXTOH) H I^ypyratt — ly ; s^tcb Pyccide Bynqu m Bi- 

TBttipj MOrJEH npOHSBOAHTB ll^HOByiD TOprOBAO. IIpaBO nOGIUBTb 

RapaBaHBi wb caMidi BHratt (bi ByryxTy, vjifk Skutb XBopi) 
sasHa yAepsaia ecEJiioqiiTaiBHO 3a go6oh>. Bnpo^evB npaBO 
9T0 6ujio BecBMa orpaHOTeHO ; mosho 6bijio TOjbBo bi TpH rojia 
paai nocuiaTb RapaBaHi, h to He 6ojri^e saKi bbi^ 200 

^acTHafl ToproBifl bi» ISxLtb h I^ypyraft— ly BCKopj^ Ha- 
qaJia pa3BHBaTbCH> ocoSeHuo bi» Bairb^ bbri 6oifte yxoOnon 
MibCTi ; HO BapaaaHHafl ToproBJH cHaqajm 6£ija HesHa^HreiBHa. 
Otb aaKJODvemfi ipaEraTa ao BciyojieHui Ha npeexojTb Exsre 
pHHU 11. CHapfl»6H0 6uio BCOFO mecTB KapaBaHOBi pycGaz!^: 
BT, 1728, 1732, 1737, 1741, 1746 h 175B rowxi*. 

Bi 1732 roxy nocjiaHi BapaaaHi ci TOBapaMH Bcmn 
100,000 pySieM, HOSAy EOTOpuMH 6£U0 50 nyAOBi cepeSpa 
Aifl oSmI^hb Ha aojioTO, octauHue TOBapu 6iiih Soxbuien ^- 
criio Mtxa. 

r4aBHafl ToproBJifl HaxoAHjracb bi pyxaxi qacTHUxi mp», 
H noApuBBJia BaseHHyfo ToprOBJno M%xaHH; nodToiiy bi 1731, 
1734 H 1739 roAy ToproBia mj^xbhe qaciHUMi anfiwb 6iua 
aanpenteHa. Aoci'&a&hmi yRaaoirB AOdBOiena ToproBJiH tojbko 
T^MH TOBapaMH, BOTopuMH He TopryeTb cb RHTaeiTb cano npa- 

BHTOAbCTBO, a HSl BHTaflCEHX^b TOBBpOBl IIORyHBa pCBeHl) 

o6'BflBjieHa 6iiiJia MOHonoiieio KasHU. Sto orpanHqeHie yacTHot 
ToproBjra HOATBopsAeHO Skijio b'l 1752 roAy. Ho TaRii BaRB 
KapaBaHHaa ToproBjia Bce tbeh mbjio hphhochjul hojibsiiI Kaant, 
TO ptmeHo 6tuo coctbbhtb EOMnamH) h otabtb eft RapaBBH- 
Hyio ToproBJiio na oTRyni, — bi 1730 roAy no sTOMy bo- 
npocy HapfliReHa Suja jifime ocoSaa ROMiiHcdfl, — ho npcAHo- 
jioxeme He coctohjiocb. QeTpi m. npeAocTBBHJi'B cBoSoAy Top- 
roBJUi peBOHeHii, ho sanpen^eme qaciHUifb JDn^avB ToproBaiB 



— 143 — 

CTb KiraiiiaMH vftiauB ocTajiocB. OSopoTB sHraftcEoii Toprofijrh 
AO 1755 roAa Hajo mfAcTewh] cb dToro se speMOHH qacTHas 
ToproBM npexcTaBiaeTB cji^AyH>npfl ip[4>p£i *) : IIo o6i&flBJ!e- 
msiTL sym^OB'L 



UpOMlBAHO pyCCIMXl H HBO- 

erpswiMxi TOBapoB%. 
Brb 1755 r. 606,084 p. 4Vi X. 



, 1756 

n 1757 

, 1738 

. 1759 

• 1760 

, 1761 
1762 



>i 



j> 



450,768 , 3 

421,878 ,» 53 

525,999 , 72 
718,144 , 
699,940 , 

391,469 ,, 33 

101,642 „ 67 






BuBtUABO Kh- 

tbHckmxi. 

230,981 p. 82 Va X. 

241,262 „ 73V, „ 

418,810 „ 94V, „ 

511,071 „ 25% „ 

698,985 „ 32% „ 

656,331 „ 48% „ 

619,597 „ 88% „ 

37,672 „ 37 „ 



KoJBVeCTBO ■OflUMB% 

no perjaBeBTjr 1699 

AO 1760 N 00 TBpHoy 

1761 roAB. 
193,173 p. 31% K, 

157,183 „ 62V. „ 

147,215 „ 56V, » 

178,876 „ 95% „ 

280,481 „ 82 

238,155 „ 56 



» 



>j 



230,840 „ 27V. ,, 



RaiTb BHAKHi, ToproBuft SajiancB, 3a HCKjnoMeuieMB 1761 
To^a, 6bU[i> BuroAuuft. Ecjih h oxnpaBJflJiocb cepe6po bl Ru- 

Tatt, TO Wb 06MtHl» Ha 30JI0T0. 

• 

ToproBJia Ha eBponeficfiofi rpanHi^ib oiEpuxa neipoMii Be- 
Mnmwb. Owb caHi* nocjiajni BapaBani ci» ToaapaMH wh Ilojtbmy 
H BenrpiH) h npHsasajii oSMi^Haib Ha jffiEbm h BHna. Bi 1723 
roAY nosBojoHo BctMi pyccEHMi Eymj^aM'L tdnmh sarpaHHi^y 
B^ Bpecjiay, ReHHrcSepn, JI^ani^rB e ap- M'bCTa; H'62KHHCRie 
rpeEE nojiyqHJiH npHBHjieriio . Toproaaib c'h MojiAaBieio h fia- 
jiaxieH). BooOqe loproBja Ha eBponeftcEoft rpaHHi^i^ Ha^ajia 
6ucTpo pa3BHBaTLCA) HO opraHH30Bajiacb Bi EOHTpaGaHAy, ^emy 
MoacerB 6uTb cnocoGcTBoaajm bmcoeIh noniJinHU na npeAMeiu 
pocEomn, TaEi qio Toaapu, npHBOSHUue hs-l $paHiUH Mopeiix 
H oHJia^HBaeMue noniJiHHaHH, ho Morjin BLiAepsaTB conepHH- 
qecTBH CL E0HTpa6aHA0H) pyccEHX'b Eym^oBi, £3AiiBmHXi» bi 
j^auipfrii, Bpeaaay, Jlefini^Hn h aP- M'bcia, a noxoMy bbosi 



a) UcTopH^ecKui h cTaiHCTHHecBui HacitAOBaHui o KAXTHDCKott ToproBjrt J. 
M. CoMottJOja Vb samio. pyo. reorp. o6ia kb. U ev. 7. 



- 144 - 

«paHI^3CSHX'B TOBapOBl O^UCfl Wb pyKaXl HtCIOXbKHn 

MocROBCKHXi Kyni9)Bi. BuroAHaro Toprosaro GajiaHca ryn He 
Morjio 6uTB. nojiBma caiia ne HysA^jiacB b'B pyccRiX'E npo- 
AyRTaxi, a bubosi* hb'l PoccIh TOBapoBi npoHCXopjrB toibbo 
qepesi nojrBmy, h coctoajtb 031 TaRHXi TOBapoBi, Bairb i^xa, 
BOSK, CROTL. Bbosi 86 cocTOHJii no iipeHMyii](ecTBy HB'L npex- 
MeTOBi pocRomn, na noRyimy ROTopux'B, se toibro HyiRio 

6UJ[0 OTABTB BUpy^Ry 3a CBOH TOBapU , ho H BUB03HTB 8Ha- 

qRTejTBBBiR cyHHU 30J[0T0]rL H ccpeSpoiTb, 0C06eHH0 Ch Tin 

nopi, EBKb pOCROmb Bl» PoCCiH CTBJa CUbHO paSBHSaTBCff. 

npaBHTeucTBO ciapa JiocB npec^MB ROHipaCaHAy ; no hA^kl 6uji 
He Bcer^a yAa^HU. Tbri npn Uerfi III noHH2ReHa 6am n(h 
mjHHa Ha V2 npn oinycRt HopeNi CROia h cojohhhu, n 
Towh npepojioiiteHiH , qxo opHBOd'B cyxnui nyieiTB paaoa 
OTnycRy ToaapoBi* , h oSxoahtch 6e3i BUBOsa sojEoxa h ce- 
pe6pa ; ho btb M^pa AOJisaa 6bua oqeBHAHO hm^tb coBepmeHHO 
npoTHBynojoasHoe A'^ftcxBie. ToproBJia hb aanapofl, eBponel* 
CRott rpaHHi^'b npoHaBOAHjacB qepesi noiBmy cb npycde», 
GHiesieiD, GaRCOHieio h ABCipleH), a TaRse ci TypipeD. dro 
6biJia eAHHCTBeHHaa aRTHBHaa loproBJifl PyccRHXi ci» EfiponoiD. 
Typi^fl BeM ToproBJiH) ho^tr HCRjmwTejiBHO cb HiasHHOHi. 

• 

TaHoiseHHUJi BdASop'B Boo6iii[e 6iui> cjiafii h ho MorB npe- 
HflTCTBOBaxB pasBHTUo R0HTpa6aHABi. Ao 1730 roAa na ae- 
URopyccRofi rpaHHi(1^ Giijm tojibro p& xaHosHH, — IIcrobi 
H BejiHRifl JlyRH ; bi btomi roAy npHSaBieHU eiqe pt^ — 
Bi Toponi^ H GMOjeHCRi. Ha MajiopyccRofi se rpaHHi^t 6ujo 
SojiBuie laMoaseH'B; MesAy hhhh BacnuROBi 6u4a mbbhoio; 
3AtcB B3HHaj[H Bccro 2% nonufflHU cb h^eu lOBapoBi vh 
nojBsy reiMana. PasHocxb wb noniJHHax'L na BejumopyccRHX'b 
H HaJiopyccRHX'B rpaHHi^ax'B noBejia ri pasBHTiH) R0HTpa6aHAU 
HBi MajiopocciH B'B PoccIh) h ri> coAepsaHiH) TaMosennolt jr- 
hIh MesAy MaiopoocieD h BeJoiEopoccieK)^ ^to aojukho Suxo bu- 



— 145 - 

3iiBan GoAinifl saTpypeHUi. no axoMf, wb 1754 ro^y aoxoaki 
orb yspaHHCRHXi nonuHH'L bshtu 6bijih bi Kaaay 3a Boana 
rpaiBACHie reiMana bi 50,000 py6. — no DlBeACRofi cyxo- 
nyTHofi rpaHHi^'b ToproBJia 6uj[a HeaHawiejibHa, h TonKO b'l 
1754 roAy y^pesAeua 6ujia laiiosHfl. 

BooOn^e se pyccsaa ToproB4fl ci aanaAHUMB HapoAaiH 

HM&ia naccHBHufi xapaKxepii, sa HCEjnoqeBieM'b sanaAHofi cyxo- 

nyTHoft rpaHBuu. Bet nonuxBH, A'&iaHBue caMUMi npaBHiejb- 

0X80111) npH Ilexpt I, Hexpt II, b% 1760 roAy, h qacxnuHB 

iHi^aMH, co3Aaxb aBXBBflyio xoproBiH), ocxajiBCb 6e3i ycntxa; 

ABse sejiaflie saBecxB BenocpeAcxBeBHUfl xoproBua CBOBiefliB 

cb OpaaqieH) h HcnaBieM) ae npBBOjni bb wb qemy. Abmb- 

^ane, FouaflAiVii h BtMeipue BOJibflue ropoAa bm^ih cbob 

«aBxopiB, BOflxopH B areBxcxBa wb nexepOyprt, ApxaBrejbCRt, 

Parik h ap* ropoAaxi; pyccBBXi xoproBUXi aomobx, bh'&b- 

fliflxi BoppecnoBAeai^io cb aarpaBBi^eK) , coBctMi nonxB se 

6mo. HBOCxpaBBUfl saflxopu b areaxu saRynajra pyccaie xo- 

Bapu H oxnpaBJiflJiB bxi sarpaBBi^y, a BROCxpaBBue xoBapu 

BPHB03HJH fla ce6fl B npoABBaJiB pyccRBH'b RyBiitaM'b. ABTJiB^aBe 

nepBue Baiau ASBaxb BpeABxi pyccRBH'b Bym^aiii*; obb a^- 

lajB saBynRB pyccRBXi xoBapoB'b sa roAi», BUAaaafl BsepcA'b 

ABBbrB, a BBOcxpaflBue xoaapu jfftMm Kb spepxi aa 6, 9 

B 12 MftcfliteB'b. BnooKi^ACXBiB b apf^h ebbjji aojishu 6iub 

Ai^axb TO se. 

PyccRoe cyAoxoACXBO orpaBB^BBa^ocb RaGoxaaEeHi ; ae 
CMoxpfl fla nooB^peflifl co cxopoBU npaBBxejibcxBa ^ aa paspt- 
meflie BM^xb cyAa A^^Be Rpecxbaaaifb, — axi Slijio mbjio. 
xaE'b qxo Bi 1759 roAy, Rofab aoaaAoSajiocb aepeB03HTb npo- 
Biaaxi B-b npyccuo, BUBBcaau Sujib B3'b IDaeiyB 263 cyAHa 
cb 6ajiacxoH'b. 

ToproBUfl A^jia oxAtJbBbix'b aaiyfi oapOAtJifljBCb bojb- 
XBqecBBMB oxBomeaiHiiH a xpaRxaxana a BCJ^ACXBie axoro, ae- 

6 



- 146 - 

daBHcmo orh ApyrHU npH^HE'L, <iacTo npepuBancB. Toako 
ToproBUH CHOiueHifl AHnHuaHi, TouaHxi^eB'B h Hteeipom 
ropoAOBi 6um nocTOAHrai *). 

niBexu, no HHniTaACKOify Mipy, noiy^UH npaso bubo- 
3HTB fia 50 TUCflq'B ui^6a hbi Poccii SesnonuHHHO, 3a Hcuxh 
^emein HeypoxaftHux'B roAOBi; no ipasraTy 1724 roxa Kpoit 
xjrb6a eu^e na 50 Tucaqi nenbEH, uny i Aat. Ilocjt 
IleTpa BeuRaro ycTaHOBHUCb, cnaqaia nojTK Bjoameirb Opaa- 
^ilf, Henpiflsnennufl oTHomenia, OKonqflBniiaca Bofteoio npH Anai 
loaHHOBBt 3a noibCRHXi Bopoiett. Ho bi 1735 ro^y bo3o6- 
noBjeni TpaaTarb 1724 ro^a eqe na 12 Avb. RpoMt xo- 
SBOJieHifl BUB03HTb Tixb6'b^ noj^TBepsA^BHaro h BI 9T0TT» pssij 
SMnepaTpm^a B3aj[a na ce6a yniaTy maeACKaro AOJira Toj- 
lauAAaM'B wb 750 Tuca^i rouaHACRHXi ryiBAeeoBi^ c^iBi* 
naro KapjoHi XII; bo qpeai narb itrb Tpasrarb 6ttA 
napymeHi, BCJtACTBie nenpiaaneBHUx'b OTBomefiitt o6tHxi aa- 
i^fi; wb 1740 roAy Banpen^eni bubos'b xjrt6a bi UlBeqiD, a 
Bi 1641 flaqaiacb Boftna. A6oBCKift npi, aauioqenHutt En- 
caeeTOH) bb 1743 rojiy, npeAOcraBJUurb niaeAaM'b opaBO bii- 
nHcuBBTb aai Poccin xjit6a Seanomiimno aa 80,000 pySiel, 
H Bct npeifMyn^ecTBa , npeAOCTaBiaeMbia no xoproBit APy- 
mwh ApysecTBennuHB saiuairb; npesA^ ^^n"^ ycraHOBHincb 
3BaqBTejibRua ToproBua CHomeHia, npomio imoro Bpenera. 
Bii 1749 roAy npnxoAHJo Kb nerepOyprb Bcero 30 maoA- 
CKHxi KopaSjiell. 

ToproBja J^aTqam npn Herpt fieiiiKOirL i EaaTepHHt I 
6uM aesHaqHTeuna , BCjAACTBie cnopoB'b aa romrramK) a 
3a CBo6oAy njaaaaia qepeai SyaAi ; ho botovb ycTanoBtfiHCb 
MHpaua oTBOiueaia, SiaronpiaTCTBOBaamia ToproBjA h opep- 



a) Cm. Storch, Tom 5, erp. 207 h ourtji. 



- 147 - 

BiHttfl Toibio nerpoMi DL Jififom Eopa6jn aoe^n^ajn wh 9T0 
BpeMfl Bc6 PyccKii rafiami. 

fioHB6HipH, aamoqeHHUfl nerpon BeimiDrb cb vbmesir 

KKMH rOpOAaMH, BOSOSHOBJUUHCb H 610 npeeMHHRaMH. J[]o6eEi> 

H Pomrorb aaiH Soamen qaciii) aacnepipoHHyM) ToproBHO 
vb Pocdi) la ce6fl h aa Afiuaqaffb. Gaiiafl aaaqiiTejBRaa lop- 
roBJfl HftMeiyKHX'B ropoAOBi 6ujia ci IleTepSyproirb. 

ToproBifl rouaaweBi, aasi npa nerpi^ 661810111, laai 
H nocjt, npi ero npeeiiHnan, aejiacb no npeHiiyiiilocTBy ci 
ApxaHrejBCKOMii h Paroio. Bi neTep6yprft me axi ToproBue 
o6opoTU CTOfliH UBimo HHB6 aHrjdttcKiix'B. BiaroAapa no* 
CTOiiHHO MapamrB OTBomeHiam MesAy roiiaHAieio h Poccieio, 
a TaKse a ocoSaHBOMy npeAnoqiesiK) , oaaaaHHOHy nerpoi'B 
BejumoTB rouaajnairb, Toproaia hxi cb Pocciex) mia 668- 
apepHBHO H nocTOflHHo BospacTaja, Tan qio wb aaqajiy i^ap- 
CTBOBBHifl EaaTepiiHU n aojaqecTBO rouaHACBHX'b aopaOiott, 
irpaxoxHBOiHX'B fb PyccRie nopiu, npocrapajocb orb 300 ffi 
400 Bi roA^b. Obh npraoauH xoaapu m% dxbuxi cipani 
EBpomi H Koiofiitt H ofipaTSiitt rpyai BeaiH Sojibmeio qaciiiD 
Tyxa me. Bainb cajbaa Ouia nocpeAflaqecaaa xoproaia rouaHA- 
iifiB^ BHXEO 181 TorO) qTO aeiceibBiitt Kypci vb Poccii Siui bckjid- 
MHTeibHO Ha AMCTepAairb, a loibio BDOciftACTBiH aa JIohaoh'b. 

Canoe aaBHoe aaaqeaie bo BH^mHeft Toproai^ Poccia 
Bi» XYm bHA viAmsl 6631 conaftiia AariEqaHe. Ohh noct^ 
n^ajH Bc£ pyccaia raBana, ho roBopa yxe neiepSypri^, r^'b 
noqTH noiOBBHa o6opoTa Siua bi hii pyEaxi. Ohh jvAm 
3aKiK)qHTb Buropue Tpaaxaiu ci Poccieio, noibsoBaTbca oco- 
6biMH npHBHieriaMH h nfime BuiicHHTb EOHRypeHipio Topro- 
Buxi ropoAOBi lora Eapomi. Bee bto A^^ocb coBepmeaHO 
HeaaBBCHMO on noiHTHqecEHXi OTHomeHitt HexAy pyMfl ro- 
cyAapcxaaHH, BOTopua ae BcerAa 6ume ApysecTBeHHU h jUBime 
pa paaa aoeaHutt Morb AauiH xoAan ai BajniftcEoe nope 



- 148 - 

(Korris h Wager). Hpi kssA Jmmomt wb 1734 roxy yxa- 
locb AHTuqaHaiTB saBJuqiiTB BeoBMa BuroxHuft ToproBiii 
TpaRTarL: ohh ycntjui BUUonoTaiB, ae toako cteBsy si 
noiniHHax'B , ho h nojiyqan npaso CBo6offio ToproBaib ch 
Depcien , Bonpera BHAai'B Herpa BuHKaro , sejiaBmaro nep- 
cflj^CKyi) ToproBAO HOHonoimpoBaTB m» noaaj pyociiiii 

KyiII][OBl». 

nosAHtfiniifl noiHTiraecKia co6iiiTifl laise He HrtiHBJii- 
nil Ha ToproBUfl oTHomeHifl Aflrjoraurb 0% Poccieio, wh cew- 

iftTHlOH) BOftHy, XOTfl PoCClfl H AHrJDH SUJDI B'b paSHUU 18- 

repaxi, ho bi Toxe Bpeifli npH Bcryniemi ea npecmn 
EnaTepHHu n, ohh nousoBajnicb no ToproBi4b eattSojunm 
noBf^oBHTejibCTBOirb cpaBHHTejDiHO cb Apyran Ha^ia]IH, j[W 
FouaHAi^aHH. IIoRpoBHTaiBOTBO AHrmaHaiTb cAftjaioaO' 
CTeMOM) pyccsaro npaBHraibCTBa bo BHibmHett ToproBjrb, i bh- 
xeKaio Hdi y6ibsxeHifl, qxo 663i AHriHqaHi pyccsafl Toproui 
ci EaponoH) coBepmeBHO naia 6u. 

H A^ftcTBHieAHO, noiOBHHa oSopoTa Bceft BEAmmi i«P* 
roBU 6uiia bi pysaii AnriHqaHL; hh orb Koro Karaa le 
noiyqaia cxoibKo aoxoaobi no TaHOBnairb. ToproBiift SaiaacfB 
aHTiittcBoft ToproBiH 6burb hoctoahho BuroAenx a^ Pocdi. 

fiaianci o^Hott HenocpexcTBeHHoft loproBiH Poocii ci 
AHTjieiD upeAcxaBJUierb TBHia ufL^pu: 

Bhbosi m% Pooeia hnon an Aarjiii BtiMct. 
Bi Anriii). w% Pocciv. 

1700-1702 eaeroA.l 24,220 •.CT. 76,784*.c. 47,436«.c. 
1720-1722 . 146,219 » 80,713 » 65,506 » 
1740-1742 » 305,034 » 77,553 » 227,481 » 
1750—1752 » 459,410 > 116,313 . 343,097 > 
1760-1762 » 622,520 . 49,233 . 573,287''] 



a) Storch QemUde, Tom 5, erp. JMS' 



- 149 - 

TaHoe Bamoe loproBoe sHaqeme AHrniiavb f,m Poccni 
oSrbBcmimcB xtai npeHMf qecTBaiiH, Koiopuji AocraBJUiJi Aarju 
3HaMeH]iTuft afin o MopeiuaBaBUL no aroMy aEiy, ^xoe 
cyxHO HOMO BBOBUTb Bi AflriiiD TOibso npoAyBTU CBoei 
crpaHJu , TOBapu xe Aariui h ex Roiomtt pasBoauHCb toako 
aHTjmqaHaMH. Cj[tAOBaTeju>HO, e bbobi aHrjoftCBHX'b lOBapOB'L 
Bi» PocciiD, H BUBosi pycoKHXi TOBapoBi vb Ahtjui), Haxo- 
Sjucn wh pyRax'B HCEJuoqHTejbHO AHTiHuaffb, TaK'b xan pyc- 
csaro cyxoiOACTBa bi AHrjiim cobcAitb ho 6ujo. 

^^o KacaeTCH nocpeAHaqecxott loproBJUi cb jdirhume ro- 
po^aiiH EBponu, to AHriHqane h 3Ai^ci> jcjrbm saxBaiHTb 
riaBnurB oGpasoHi bubosi pyccKHXi lOBapoBi bi 9Tn cipaBU, 
a BB03^ Bi Pocciio yx^xajiH TojULaEjsjifi^ JboGexi, PomTORi 
K xp. ropoAa, saHBiiaBiiiiecii nocpeAHHqecKoio ToproBieio. Mfiorie 
npepeni bubobb hb'b PoGciH AnrJiHtiaHe BaxBaxajDi hcuidu- 
leifcBo B^b CBOH pyxH. Taxi nanp., pyccxoe seifiao, cocxaa*- 
iffBiaee BaaxxuJt npeAverb oinycxa, btb npomioHi ctojAtui, 
BUBOBHJEOcb BOMTX HCKJUoqHTeju>HO TOJiUBO AHriHqaflaMH ; Top- 
roBAi napycHfiuni x ju>xflflBuiH aojioTHaMx Sua xaxze bi hxi 
pyxaxii ^ oxH pasBosxix btb Toaapu, xe tojibxo no xceft Eapont, 
HO x Bi aMepxKaHCRia xoiOHix. Haxoxeit'L, no ocoSmrb npa- 
BKjieriAH'b Anruqaxik, xi^KOTopue xoBapu momx 6uTb bubo- 
axMbi TOJibxo XMx, xanp. npxsa, ceixipa, nopoxi, npxxaAies- 
KOCTx Boexxott aMyxxipx; pexexb, npoAasa xoToparo ffiNO 
cocTBBJifljia HOHonojiH) xaaxu, saxynajicx ji,m FouaxAix n 
raM6ypra aariittcxxMii pesxAexxoM'b ; noxynxa ase APyrxxx hh- 
^iflMH cqxTajiacb xoHTpaSaxAOK) 

HeyAXBBTejibxo no axoxy, qxo xyni^u lora EBponu, 3a 
xoxyiiKoio pyccKHXii xoxapoBi^ oSpaqajixcb x'b axrjittcxRM'b 
ToproBUifb AOHaMi» bx Pocciu. Honuxxx co cxopoxu Pyccxnx^ 
0CBo6oABXb6H orb xaBoro nocpoAxxxa 6bijni coBepmexxo iie 
yAawu. He toabro yMtXbe AxrJtxqaB'b, Hxi sucoxoe npo* 



— 160 — 

MKimjieHHoe pasBHTie, ho h naBioorB oSpaaoiTL Soninie xa- 
nHTam, jifiBsm hitb nojHoe npeoSiaAame. Apyrie raocrpaHipi, 
cejiBmiecfl b'b Poccih, Oiiih 6oiBmeio ^acriH) aeaHTDpHCTU, 
6e8% cpeACTBi ; HanponiBX, aeriiflcRifl ROHTopu, BOHMHccioeepii, 
areHTH, npHHaAiexajiH coiHAflum aHriiScKiirb ToproBiorb xo- 
Maifb B nfime ROHnamflH'b TasHxi aomob'b; ohh pacnojiaraii 
60AI11HMH RamrrajiaMH , h HeyAHBHTOibHO no axoMy, vro co- 
nepHRqecTBO ffijrwu'b naipft 6um do^th neBOSHOXHO. Tojbio 
npH Soibnraxi cpeAGXBaxi mosho Sujio saSpaib pyecKyn Top- 
roBJH) FB CBOH pyKH, cosABTE BpepiTL H nojqfUTb Soibnde 
SapuniH. no BTOny, ne Tomo Apynfl hbi^h h6 momh conep- 
HH^HTB ch aHrjnraaHaMH, ho cbmh xe AnrjuqaHe, pHCKOBaBm^ 

OTAtlflTbCfl OTB CBOHXl OHpill H BBBOpTb CaMOCTOflTefiffil 

Al^ia, He HMi^fl Oonnuixi cpexcTBi, oSuraoBeHHO 6afli(m- 
iHCb. BiaroAapfl hmohho rpoMaAHUMi cbohmi BanHrajaiv 
AHTjra^aHe nojbsoBajoiCb ocoGkiiii noKpoBHrejbCTBoirL npasi- 
leACTBa, H nepBEie oTxpiuH KpeAHTb Pyccinrb Ryni^an, <ito 
npH APyroMii nojioxeHiH anriHqaH'B 6uio 611 flkjiowb bbom 
pHCKOBaHHUM^b ^). HoiB npeoOiaAaiH ToumffSfi^ Bpe^HTa pyc- 



a) Bt saMft^aTejaHOifb coHHBeBiH Hlepepa o pyccsoft toproBift mosbo 
BaflTH BecbHa jii)6oiiutbuji AaBBiui OTflocBiejuBo ToproBaro Kiacca b% Poeda 

vb xym BtBft. 

.,JIe RjiepKi^ vb cBoeft acTopifl roBoparb, hto MoBtecxbe oniB6aeTCJiy jqf- 
Mafl, <iTo Vb PocciB ntrb tier8-6tat. H ae Mory xoctaTOHBO BajtBBBncji TaEOMf 
KBtain'S roBopBTi Hlepepii, ''aBTopBTen je-RjiepRa rtifi 6aite bbabhI, no 
caMii OBi» AOJD'o 6ujrb aa Mtcrt''. Cair& xe Hlepep'b, xnhmift Taxse vb Pocdi, 
nepe^acjufl act TorAamaU cocjioBia, flpaxojuin> vb Tony aauD^eais, hto, xpoHt 
AyzoBeacTBa, ABopuBcraa b Boeaaaro cociobIb, vb Pocda aoe ocraABoe Baee> 
jeaie coctobti nvb MyxBKOB'b, ^ BpeciBaa'b (serf) wb paaaim aa/tarb. Hle- 
pep% roBoparb, ito xaxe oTBocarejBBO BpooeccopoB'b AEaAeiiia BpeaBAean ec 
RapBJTb IparopbeBBTii csasaxb : „aTO js/qi ci tojonma aaasijaiBy xaju tojuo 
HTo oaa Hyxaaa". „Ecia apooeccopa AEaAeidB flpB^BCJunraca n wjwoMXb, 
KyAa xe flpanacjuiTb 6lABaro 6ypxya, cflpaaiBBaerb Hlepepi. 

ToproBHft Kjaeci cocToajnb, no Hlepepy, naaaian o6paiom mwb ape- 
cTBABi, cocTOBBmarii aa o6poxt. Bi neTep6yprt act laBxa npiaajuexaa 
xpecTfcaaaic^ niepexeTbeBa, HepBHnreBa a Apyrazi Bejaifovfc, BiiBymi aa cao- 



- 151 - 

esMWb Kymiam se Siuo; oosAaBimi se ipeAiTB, ARrmaHe 
lerno MorjH BuiftcHiiTb KOHRypeiiMio ffiYTwn flai^ift. 

OpaHitysaii'b h6 yxaBaiocb saeecTH HenocpeACTBBHHKix'B 
ToproBuxi CfiomeHiS ci Poccieio. Dpi HeTpft I sauioieHa 
6iiJ[a vh 1706 roAy loproeafl B0HB6H^ui, vb IleTepSyprb 
yqpesAeeo bohc; JibCTBO h npaciaHi nocjaBBHSi, nu sasiio- 
qeniH Toproaaro TpaKxaia, ho ao cMepTH IleTpa He ycntiH 
saKJDoqHTb ero. 

npi nepauxi xe npeeMHHKaxi Herpa Bejomaro hoihth- 
qecua Hecorjiacifi MtoiaiH pasBHTiiD Toprosuxx CHomemtt h 
xase HocoibCTBO h ROHcyjbCTBO HBi neTep6ypra 6iUH oioa- 
aarai. ToibBO opH EjEHcaaeT^ nerpoBHi^ A^a Hftcioibio Ha- 
HbHUHCb. IIocjaHBHE'B opaHi(f3Ciii MapRH3x A^^A-QI&'i^spAi' 
Aepsaiii CTopoHy EiHcaaeTu neipoBHU, npi ea BosmecTBiH Ha 
HpecTOJii, H noTOMy nojbsoBaicfl npn popt 6oj[bmHH'b Biifl- 
flien; ho HlaTapxH 6ua OTosBaH'b, He daBnoqHBniH TpaKTaia. 



6oj[f 6iUH TpyjiHtt H ipefSoBaia, cMOTpx no 6oT$setBj syima* uiorjia ^qpesBu* 
vUhnnni xeprai. ICexxT tkm, nasBBaT&cji specTBHEam 6iuo jerxo, ctohjo 
nojiynHn nacnopn» h nojuiABTb cb aAKHBHCipauieD. 3apa6oTaBiiiH cbojobo iih- 
6y/[b Aenen, xpeenjiHHB'b oTBpuBai'b o6iaaioBeHHo lainy h crapajcx Botin 
vb BpexBTB, oco6eBBo n BBOcTpaHiiairb ; 9Toro lerso 6u£0 AOCTBrayn, Taxi 
■BBii BBoerpaBmi, (SjaroxapB AarjunaBam, toabo b hofib c6iiBaTb cbob to- 
Bapii, oTAaBtB BXi pyccxBiTB ByBBaMi Vb spexBTb BB 6, 8 B 13 iilo«qeo%. 
Bee aro saBaBVBajiocb otfuBBoaeBBo uocTBiorb 6aBBpoTeTBOir& ; ecjui (SasBporb 
JULjourb Cb ajpuBBCTpaiiieD, to ei aero BBnero Beibu 6iuo BSBTb, wwb sarb 

on BpeCTbBBBBl, B 696 opB EBaTepBBl 11 BOATBepX/iaJOCb, HT06U noAJHm 

jisjum BB vb Hen ae Btpan. HpaBCTBeaBiu BaneerBa, TasBiui nyrBiiB bos- 
BBBaamaro cocjobIb, ae Morjn 6uTb|zopoau. IHepepi roBoparb, hto BOo6nie 
o6MaB'b evBTajcB h6«at pyccBBMH ayimauB xiiom* camnrb BopMaibaiarb, a 
^o vb emiy atBOTopiix'b pyccsax'b aymtOBi aaxyBareibCTBO xiiajocb axi 
nepBinrb a e/pracTBeaaiiirb Atioirb ; hto obb abbeo xaacTajncb MonxeaaaHecTBOM'b 
Ban oco6oi> yAajibD : ^paast a ae Tpevbj no a ae Kory o^vaauBaTb'*, — ca* 
xoe o6iiiee onpaeAAnie vb Taaaxi* cjy^aax'b. -* rjaaayi) npaHaay njioxaro co- 
gtobbIb ToproBjia a aasBaro yMcraeaaaro a apaBCTBeaaaro ypoBaa loproBaro 
Bjacca niepepi bbabti bi Bpinoctfloai npaat, aoTopoe no ero cjiOBaxi y6ift- 
eTBOBBO Bjiajo aa pyecayn ToproB4i>, aesaBBcaxo on Apyraxi laase ae6ja* 
ronpUTBUTb yeioait. Cm. Scherer, Histoire raisonn^e da copunerce de la Bossie, 
ToiTb 1^ crp. 83 a ejrtA. 



- 152 -• 

Bi flpyrofi pasi DlaTapxH dun BUSBaHi nociaHHiROVB vb 
PocciH) Bi 1743 roAy, ho qpesi mecTB Mitoflii[eBii AOJxeHi 
6un yxajniTbCfl. FjiaBHmti BparoMi OpaH^uI 6un xaHi^epi 
BeacryateB'L, noRpoBHTeucTBOBaBDiifi AarjiHqaHairB h To^uaex- 
i^aiTb. Co BpeMeHH yAajeHiH IHaTapxH, bi npoAoisemH iuth 
iftn, HO npinoAHJio bi Pocciio he oahofo opaHi^yscKaro bo- 
pa6jiH. Tomo npH sani^jept BopoHi^OBi^ BosofiHOBJieHU Sun 
cHomeHifl cyL OpaHi^iem h bi* nexepdyprt onatb yqp«iEA6H0 
ROficyncTBO. OpaHn^ysu bi 9to BpeaiH co6fipa.iii cB*bx&Hia o 
toproBJii PocciH, Vb HaAexA^ sax jH)WTb ToproBui Tpasran. ; 
HO saHJUoqeme TpaKTara oniiTb He yxajiocb, k OpaHi^au He 
Toibm He npio6p%iH HHRaRHX'B ToproBuxx butoj^, ho Haopo- 
THBi» yBeAraenu 6um hohuhhm hh opaHi^yacHie TOB&pu; 
TBHi nro ROHEypeni^fl ci ROHTpaSaHAOio no noibCROtt rpanisib, 
Ryna mm no npeHHyni(ecTBy opani^ydCRie Toaapu* 6uml wy 
BOBHOttHa. Do sTony «paHi^8CEie aomb bi DeTepdyprb Haqau 
Hdiio-no-Majy npeRpaqaxB cboh n^bM. JljaiRe opaHi^yacRoe npa- 
BHieibCTBO noRyoajio y aHMiilcRHX'B AOHOB'b Kb PocciH act 
HeoSxoAHMue npHnacBi hjlr ojotb , a hotomi Boo6n^e h Bct 
ROMHHCciH OpaHi^ydOB'B nonaxH bi» pyRH Anrjui^aBii. 

Saa^eme Apyrnxi naipfi bi pyccRofi ToproBJ[% 6uio en^e 
iieHfte aasHO. Tbe'l, xoxa b'b 1732 ro^y ci flcnamaiQ h aa- 
ajmeHi Sujtb ToproButt AoroBop'B, bo ToproBjra Gujra Hesna- 
wxejibHa. 

ToproBjfl CL HopxyrajiieH) Gujia bti pynaxi AnrjniqaH'L. 
H^csojEBRO (SoibHiee afia^eHie HH'bia xoproBJia c% HxajbfiHCfiHMH 
ropoABMH, Raai TeHya h Benei^iH; xoxa h sa^^cb, ho CMoxpa 
Ha cxapaHia Ilexpa Bejiiiiaro ycxaHOBHXb HenocpeACXBeHHui 
xoproBKia cHomeHifl, AnrjiH^aHe, rojij[aHAi9J h BOJibHHe ai^Mei^Rie 
ropoAa ycni^ja OBJidA^xb houxh Bceio xoproBJiejo PoccIe. 

%cjio RopaOjiefi pa3j[HqHE[xx eBponeftcRHX'b Hai^fi, noct- 
HiaBinHX'b nexep6yprb) oxi> 1758 ao 1761 roAa, cpeAHHirb 



— 153 — 

ucjiovB, eseroxHO Ha laa/iyK^ uasfno wb oTxftiBnocra nps- 
loxuoGb : 

AnrjiiftcRnxi 157. Pjccbhi'l 12. 

WkMeujBoivh ^opoAOB^ 87. ScoaHCRHX'B bi 4 ro^a Bcero 

FojrjaHACKHX'L 58. 3 Ropa6ifl. 

J^aTCRnx'L 38. OpaHiityacRHX'b h BTaibflB- 

mBeACRnx'B 30. crhxx Kopa6jieft vb non 
nepioA^ cobc^mi He 6uio. 

Hdi 87 EOpaSjiett H'btfei^RHX'B ropoAOBi npHHapesaio : 
JIioSeRy 45. rojbniTUHiH 5. 
PomTORy 28. jI^aHi^Hry 4. 
TaMSypry 6. BpcMeny Wb 4 roja 1. 

BooSn^e cjii^AonaTejibHO bi* dTOTi* nepioA'B npHxoAHJio ro- 
paGieS Bii UeTepSyprii 382, mb ROTopuxi 157 6um an- 
rJiBcMX'b •). 

Bi Haqaji'6 i^apcTBOBanifl Ileipa BejHRaro homth he^ TpexH 
pyccRaro sarpaHnqnaro xopra naxoAHJiHCb bi pyRaxi. RasHu. 
Gja6oe dfiOHOHHuecRoe pasBniie uapoparo xo3flticTBa, xpyx- 
fiocTb HOjyqaTb HBJiorH B^ A^HeasHofi 9opMi&, sacTaajifljin npa- 
RHxejibCTBO yAepasHBaxb coScxBCHHoe naxypajibHoe xo3flficxBO, 
Bi xoMi mucjA H perajiin bt* pasjmqHbix'b BHAaxi* \ ri xaRHMi 
perajQflM'b CA^njerb oxHecxii h MononojibHiiifi RaseHHbift xoprb 
01 HHocxpaHi^aMn Hi^RoxopuMH xoBapaMH. ToBapu 9xh He Bcer^a 
6ujH opH H x'6 ase, ho oxi* BpeMenn jifl BpesieHH Rasna npn- 
CBOHBajia ceS'b HCRJUo^HxejibHoe npaBO xoproBaxb x^mi hjih 
ApyniHi xoBapoMii c^ HH03eMi^aMH. IIpH HeAOCxaxR'6 coGcxBen- 
Huxx pypHROB'L 9X0 Swji'b eflHHCXBeHHHft Hyxb npioSptxaxb bi. 
cjiyqa'6 nysAbi APHroi^tHHue MexaMU. ToproBJio npoHSBOAHJia 
o5uRHOBeHHo HJH caMa Rasna, (b'b xbromi cjiyqa'6 pyccRie 



ft) Storch Gemftlde, Ton 5, eip. 441, 



— 154 — 

npoHSBOABTeiH H Kympi home npoxaBaxb TOBap^b tojuko mswxk, 
npHfio3H ero bi> saseHHue MarasHHU no HSiBtcTmm i^ftHaiiiJ, 
HiH qpesi rocxett Bcxynaia bi xoproBUfl Cf^kissL cb HEOcipaH- 
i^tMH, BJOL se RaseHHuli xopri pasABBBiiCH bi oxsyiraoe co- 
xepsaflie yacxHiui jun^airB. TaKoro poAa MOHonojbHUft Kaaea 
Huft xopri cyn^ecxBOBajni ci APGBHfiftmHX'B BpeiieHi ^). Bi 
Ha^ajlb XYIII Btsa Htooxopue hsii KaseHHUXi xoaapoBi na- 
xoAHJUCb wh oxiyoHOH'L coAepsaniH, a HtooxopuMH loproBaia 
caiia KasHa. Tan, en^e wb 1669 roAy oxAana Ha oxiym 
iipoAaxa aarpauHi^y 400 6oqeBi uKpu ci niaxoio wb mwj 
no 3 eoHMEa sa nyAi. Bi 1688 roAy oxabhii ua oxayni 
pu6Huft Rieft; Bi 1691 roAy xopn j['6coii'b bi ApxaHreocrt,' 
Bi 1698 roAy oxAana 6uja Ha oxRyni npoAaxa AHflnaro ci- 
MCHH Ha 5 jAvb] KpoMt xoFo fia neHBBy, cajo, A^i'oxb cy* 
n^ecxBoBajiii xaisxe HHOXAa MOHonojibHiJfl npaaa Ka3Hbi. 

HenocpeACXBeHHuft xoprb sasHU cocxaBifljn Soibiuen 
qacxiio: Aoporie Mibxa (co6oj[u, iieci^u, qepnoSypMa jmcHipi), 
noxami, cmojbMyr'b, peaeHb, xoxa anpoueirb h ohh no npeife- 
naiTL oxABBajHCb b'l oxRynnoe coAepsaaie. Bi nepsbie roAU 
i^apcxBOBaHiH Qexpa Bauaaro, spout ynoHflnyxux'b xoaapoBi, 
Ea3Ha npHCBOuaajia ce6'6 emfi darpaHH^Hutt xoprb caiowh^ boc- 
BOHb, KOHonjfliiuH'b MBCJioM'b H AP xoBapaMH. TaEJiM'b o6pa' 
aoifb nexp'b Bejnisift ne xoibbo yAepisajn Kb Haqaiik CBoero 
i^apcxBOBanifl xoproayio perajiio, ho eqe pasniBpHJCb ee ut* 

CBOJIbBHMH XOBapaiH. 

B'L dXH xe roAU i^apcxBOBanifl Ilexpa Be4HKaro Ka3Ha 
Hayaia xoproaaxb cb HHOcxpani^aMH ai&KoxopuMH xoBapan, 
EBEb xj'&Ox, noHbaa, lo^x'b, BomypHpya Cb qacxnoio npeA- 

npiHiraUBOCXbK) Wb aXOIIb A'^^I'^; ^A^Cb XOJbBO bi Htsoxopui'B 



a) JlexmoBi, Hoto^ pyccicaro o6]iiecTBeBBaro iq^ABit, CTp. 373. 



— 155 - 

cjyiaflxi KasHa noibsoBaiacb npeaiyqeoTBOinb npoxaBaib cboh 
TOBapu npesxe «iacimixi jii^ % 

HsBitoTHo, qro nexpi Be JDodtt ii ROHi^y CBoero i^apcTBO- 

Baflifl coBepmeHHO OTKasaicfl on aaaeHHoft aarpaHiraHoft Top- 

roBra H T&iTL nocraBRjTb oHHaHcu bi 6oAinyK) saBHCHHOcrb 

OTL Hapopiaro xosaitcTBa. Geaqaia cTapancB yrnqroaHTB ho* 

nocpeACTBeHHuft saBeHHuft Topn ch sarpaaEiiieH) a npaaa- 

TeacTBO posAaio npoAaxy aaBeHHUx'B xoBapoBi m> OTEynHoe 

(H)xepsaHie qacTouH'b jii^aMi h npeHMyn^ecTBeHHo loimaHiflirB. 

Tan, ToproBii npoAyRTaMH puSaaro npoMucia aa B&ioirB 

lopb OTxaHa 6uja wb onynaoe coAepxaaie Kaasio MeabimiROBy 

I SomaHiH ; ojfjnrb BoioroAcaift aynei^'B Bsajii aa oTKyn bu- 

BOd'B AHimaro cftMeaa; orayirb Hapfii nmwb mzBA 100,000 

py6ie8 B'b rox^; peaeaio 80,000 py6. ToproBia ai^KOTOpuiiH 

HHocrpaHHUMH TOBapaMH BayipH Poccia oiffaaa Siua laase aa 

onyiTb; TBWb apoABsa Ta6aiy oiAaaa 6uia aaflaio Meabma- 

lOBj sa 200,000 py6. Bcib se Toaapii, ae posAaaaue aaaaoK) 

Bi OTRynHoe coAopsaaie, apoAaaaucb Barpaaaiqr toibbo aa 

xeHbiB, oco6eaao ci 1711 a 1715 roAoai. BcBopft noci^- 

AOBaj[o H coaepmeaaoe yaaqroseaie xoproaott peram 

Yme B:b 1717 ro^y Topn ijA6owb CA^Jiajca caoSopmi'L; 
a vh 1719 roAy aaaeaautt Topri 6iUb coaepineaao othA- 
aeai ; ocTaiacb aaaeaaiua Toaapaiia toibko CMOibqyrb a no- 
TaoTb, H TO wh BBAaxi npeAOTBpaa^eaia acTpeCjieaia JiibcoBi 
qacTBUHB jnqaiia. Ti me Toaapu, aoTopun npoAasa 6ujia 
posAaaa aa OTayaa, aeitao, no acTeqeaia cpoaoaii OTRynoai, 
oOpaTBTb aa BOibayn npoAaasy. Bcj^ACTBie axoro, no npeapa- 
qeaia cpoaa oxayna puSaaro npoaucjia MeabmaaoBa a Soh- 
naaia ai 1721 roAy, aa B^jioirb Hop£ ToproBJU npoAyaTaaa 
9Toro npouicia CAtiaiacb cboOoabok). Tojebeo Tan, rAt pyo 



a) Cm CexeHOBi, tox^ t, orp. 65; Storch Gemilde, Tom 5, orp. 117. 



— 15« - 

i)Kafl ToproBifl He buomvA ycrafiOBiuiacii , hjh vflb Herpi I 
npoBOAHjii> asejiame CBoe CAi^iaxB ee aBTflBHOio, yAepKaueb 
npHBHierin h hohooojuh ROimaHifi, kbhi Hanp. hb Bacniit- 
CBOM'L Mop'6 H Bi KHTB'b ; EaBHa BBpoqeiTB zf^ch yse lajo 
HM'bja BuroAt. 

QepBue npeeiiHBBH Ilexpa fiejHsaro noAA^pauBajH pacoo* 
pflseuifl ero 0TH0GiiTeju>H0 RaseHHaro lopra; b'b 1727 ro/iy 
ropn CMOJEOH) h Aerreirb cn^JOMn cBoSoAHiiMii ; vbTOWk me roxf 
yHHqxoseHi OTEyni Ta6a£y. Xota EEaTepiiHa I. h Baiipenia 
BUBOB'L coOoieJi H Boo6iite Aoporax'B iri^xoBx qacTHHMH so- 
Vfixa^ HO yse b'b 1727 ro^y loproBJU hmh cA^Junacb omra 
CB060XHOH). BnpoqeH'L, Ahhb loaHHOBoa b'b 1731 roxy or- 
AdJia OHflTb B'B OTiynHoe coAepsaHie synity £BpeHHOBf ra 
SO jAvh Becb 6'&j[OMopcRift puSuufi iipoioicejii; wpe3i» ifi 
roAa OTBynii BiOTb nepeniejrb wh ftopoay lUaoHpoBy^ a man 
wh inyaajOBy. B'B aro xe i^apcTBOBaoie TiodeHiS npoMucen 
fla KacflificKoifB Hop'b mfflwh 6iui> Oapouy IIIeH6epry no 1741 
roAB, KorAa owb nocxyrajTB bi» vasuy^ a noroM'b otabitb Toiy 
se IHyaajLOBy. PeBeib bi> 1731 h 1735 roAaxi sanpeiqeuo 
611IJ10 DpoAaBBTB qacTHUMi Jtmim'h noAi» CTpaxovi eiiepT- 

HOtt RaSHH. 

npH EracafieT^ HeTpoBHi flBiaioTCfl ohbtb saseBHue to- 
Bapu H OTByaa bb 6oji>mHXB n^sie pasii'bpax'B, ^fbwb npeasAe. 
KpoMt noiauia h cMOJib^ra, ociaBJieHfiHXB aa EaaHoio eu(e 
{leipoHB BeJiHEBMB, BB VHCJiy KaaeHHUXB TOBapoBB iipHwcieau 
ouHTb uefi, BKpa, JibBBHaa npfflsa, peBesB, m HeaaBHciiiio otb 
BToro po3AaHU turn bb OTRynHoe coAepsaBie no<iTH Bcjb riaa* 
Bibftmie npeAMexu BUBoaa hbii Poccih. Bb 1757 roAy otabhb 
tun BB OTEynB rpa«y BopoBi^oay 11 Tjii^CaBy na 8 jAn 

VCBJIK)qiTej[bHiai TOprL XJlftSOHB BB BOJimeCTB!b tfi 60u,000 

qeTBepxefii eseroAHO. Bb 1754 roAy, npn oOqeMB aanpen^efliH 
BHBoaa Jtbca, BJ^KOxopuMi jihi^bmb ao3boji6H9 6uj[o pySHXb 



— 157 - 

jici Bi CiroieHOBofl i fifniieTopoxciott ry6epHifrx'B h bmbo- 
3HTb ero sarpaHinqy. B'b 1740 rosy npoffasa cmoiu oTAaaa 
6Hia renepaiy HapininniHy 8a 8,396 py6. eseropoft niaTU 
n Raaey, spoit nomjUHHi Bi 1768 ro^y OpiiraAHpi Meib* 
ryHOBi nojy wn ncRJiioqiiTenHoe npaBO orapaeiflTB sarpaHinqr 
cnHpTB H BOARy. HaHOHei^> sHaMeHHTuft HcnpaBHTejib xoHesHott 
cHCTemi Bi PocciH, rpa«!E myBajoB'B, m^n ckojoiRo hbh'l 
i3BtcTHo vh oTBynnoiTB coKepsaHie: 1) BBOS'b h npo^aisy 
vh PocciH aarpaHHTOaro TaSaiy, TaRse h omycRi pyccRaro 
aarpaHvi^y^ OTRym otabhi Oujtl eMy vh 1759 ro^y na 20 
Avh CB njiaTeseiTB no 70,000 py6. bi RasHy eneroAHO. 

2) ToprOBJUO CROTOMl H COlOHHHOit) HR 20 sfbvb ^pes'B Ap- 

xaHrejbCRi. 3) Becb puSHiill npoMUcen Ha ci^aepi^. 4) Th>- 
leflift upoMUcen hb KacniMcROirB Mopi& c% 1751 roffa, h ea-^ 
BOBei^^ 5) ropoGiaroAaTCRie ne^iftBHue aaaoAU. IIoqiH B&b an 

MOflOOOJiiH H OTRynU, RBR'B OTA^AHUI'B JIHI^'B, TRRl H ROH^ 

meH, 6um yHHqroneHU nexpoHi III, ciporo cjtAOBaBioHM'b 
^>Hfii^iaiaMi CB060AU ToproBin. 

OfrB oOufeiTB ToproBOMi 6aiaHC'6 pyccRott sarpaHHWott 
n)proB;[H oti> oa^aja XYIII aftRa h ao 1742 roxa mu BHftein 
Majo cBtAi^Hill. Ho h no Ttm HeHHorairB ffanBUM'b, aoTopua 
H3BtcTHu wb HacTOflqee apeMH, hosho opaRo me yTBepacAan, 
^To 6ojibuieiD qacTiH) oh^l Oujtl BuroxHuft hk Poocia. 

Raaaa, wb pyRai'b Roropofi, mvh mu cRaaau, 6ujio orojio 
AByxi Tpereit sarpaaiqEoft ToproBjn, npoAaaaia cboh Toaapu 
npeHMynfeoTBeHHO hb bojoto h cepe6po, hjeh m e«HMRH a 
^epBOHi^u. npaaxa, aasBa HHorAa aa cboh xoBapu Opaja 
Bi» oSmi^ffb cyRHO, bhhb h APyrifl Toaapu, ho tbrofo po^a 
oOrAh'l Suiii HesHaqHTejeHi : cl pasBHiieMi ^aSpHRi*, y^o- 
BieTBopflBnaoL'B no npeHMyqecTBy noTpe6HOCTflMi RasHBi, ca- 
ii^WB seiaxejiLBUMi pa nefl TOBapoirL 6uj[h 6jiaropoA- 
^e uexaAJu. Tasi, yse at 1711 rosy bbj^ho 6ujeo npo- 



- 158 — 

XBBaTB KaseHHue lOBapu Ha ffiEhn *). no nojfj^murh^ sasiKh 
^aeiuMi BasfioiD ci mocTpaei^aini o nocTauft cepe6pa m- 
sarpaHHi^u, ona oqesiUHO uaTHia cbohmh TOBapaim, a He 
AeHbraHH. Xoth BUHrpmnH hh BeEceibHoirB lypcA 6uai ana- 
qHT&iBHu H EasHa HHorAB AiftcTBHTejBHO Hoiyiiaia e^nDBH 
Ha pyccKifl fffiEtn. 

KpoHft Toro, EasHa, OTAaaaH npoxasy cbohxi xoeapoBi 
Bi oTBynnoe coAepxame, ofiuKHoaeHHO craBHia HenpeHtamn 
yciOBieMi ynjaTy OTsynHofi cymoi eoHnaiiH, a cjftxoaa- 
TejBHO H oTKynntHBH^ npH npeodiaxamH BnyrpH crpani na- 
TypaibHaro xosflicTBa, xoishu 6iuh saGoTHTbCfl o Buropon 
SaiaHcft CBOHX^b xoproBux'b o6opoTOB:b ci HHocipaHitaa ^j. 

HasoHei^y qacTHafl loproBia c% aarpanHi^eH), eocnuo- 
mafl TOJUbBO TpeiB acero sarpaHH^Haro oSopoiai ftf^aoLa teit 
laBxe, no Hpaftnett iiip£ bi SoibnniHCTBft jAn, xaBan u- 
TOfjaA OaiaHCB. 

noAi BjiflHieirb MepiaHTHumm Hxeft, a BftpnAe xU- 
eTBHTejBHKixi noTpeSHOCToft paaBHBaBmarocfl piiHKa» vh 1723 
roAy Ilerpi BeoBitt npexnHCKiBajrB : cthihtiiCh ho bchoI bo3 
MOSHOCTH, Aa6u 6oj[6e Hama xoaapu na Ksabn npoxaBaeiH 
6huaLj Hesejn na Toaapu iiiHeflii* 0- Moxho ci yBftpeHHO- 
CTia> npeAHOJiaraTb, ^ro bto 6uio oSntee seiame wAtl od^b 
ToproBaBHiHxi^ ci HHocrpanitaiiH. 

HecoHHtHHO, qro Kaana nepaaa no^yBCiBOBaia neoSio* 
XaMOCTB Bi A^HOSHon xodflicTBft, oco6eHHO npH Tbrb npex- 
npiarum h pMopMaxi, KOTopufl daiunufljrB h Bimojnuui 



a) CeMeHOBi, Tom 1, cTp. 63. 

b) JUiiaBcxilty 76. 

e) CeifeBOBi> erp. 43, tomi 1. Banpomeeo 6um itsxe iipojQUMm slU^ 
QMi aanoBtABue TOBapu, cepe6po, aojovo, lutHHiixi, BOHHciie caapAjpi, zit6* 
mie MnacH x t. n. ^H Bmojoa.'b TosapoBi y hhtb na Aenun ne nosynan, • 
u!kaMa&b ci hbvh aa cboh tOBapu no npesHeMy.** xam se 6fp» 93. 



— 159 - 
Ilerpi BeiflKift ; sa Ttm, pasBirrie efiponeftcxaro ofipasa knaeit 

I pOCXOIDH BUSBaiO nOTpeSHOCTB Bl ffiEbVSiVb B B'B BilCIUeiTB 

uacct Hacejieflui, y noHtntHBOBi h bcahos'l, KOTopu^ xaiase 
He Morji yse AOBoacTBOBaTBCfl SoraTCTBaiiH cbobii Haiy- 
pajBAuxi xoaaftcTBi. B:b to Bpeiifl, KasHa h noMi^qHEH 6um 
riaBHUMH, H no^nv epHCTBenfliiMB) EanHiajiBCTaHfl, npoH3Bo- 
pBmiMH ToproBiH) CI EBpoDOH) H Asieio. no cnpaBOAJiflBOMy 
3aiiftqafliH) miopia, flama sarpaflnqBafl ToproBU bi XYIII 
Bto6 BecbMa imoro oSaaaHa cbohm^l cyn^ecTBOBafliem Sap- 
uiHHt. OTopsBRa uft6a m% i^eHTpajEbHUX'B ryOepaift Poccin bi 
ApxaareucK'b, neiepSyprB, PHry, npa TorxaniHHX'b cpcACTBaxi 
c(M)6^eHiff, A^ftcTBHTejbHO Morjia cyqeciBOBaTb tojbro npa 
flecBoOoAHOH'L ipyA^ h BuroAHuft xoproButt Hami Sajaflci 
o6ioj(HjicH nawb aecBHa ^oporo. IIpaBAa, ToproBajni laKse 
nBoerpanipi h pyccaie Kympi, ho hxi^ sHaqeHie onpeA^JiHJOCb 
rjaBflHH'B oGpaaoirL nocpeAHH^ecTBom HOSAy eBponeScsHMH 
pmsmm cb OAHott CTopoHU, — RaaaoH) h bucuihm'b abophh- 
cTBOMTi ch APyrott. 

^HcioBUX'B A&HHux'B oTHOCHieAHO o6ii^aro oSopoia H 
fiaiaaca Hameft aarpaHiraHoft ToproBJiH cb 1700 no 1742 roAi 
KH HMteifb BecBMa Maio. 

Taai H3Bl^CTH0, qio sa 1717, 1718 h 1719 roAU cpeAHitt 
i^AOBoil oCopoTi aarpaEHqaofi Toproan bi ApxaareibCRi^ paa- 
M*ca 2,941,779 py6. 

Hai ROTopuxi oinycEi. . . 2,344,185 » 

IIpHBoa^b. . . 597,049 » 

BaMHCB. . 1,746,581 py6. 
Bi neTep6ypr£ vb 1718 roAy oSnpft oSopoTL loproBU 

WBHMca 486,639 py6, 

Hsi EOTopuxi OTnycRi . . . 268,590 » 

npHBoal . . . 218,049 » 

BaiBHCB . . 50,541 py6. 



160 



Cjii^XOBaTOibHO f^m 1718 roxa o6n(ift oSopon BurpaHin- 
Hofi ToproB JH Bi^ HBjifh TiKBiA^avb nopraxi ApxaHrejbCBt 
H HerepSyprt, A^BaBinifi Towb Bcefi sarpaHHwoft ToproBjm, 
pasHflJicfl , . 3,428,418 py6. 

liwb KOTopfiix'B ornyciTb . . . 2,612,775 » 

DpiiBoai. . . 815,643 > 

BaMHci . . 1,797,132 py6. •) 
fii 1726 roAy bi rjiaBH^^fimnxii nopraxi ApxaHrencrt. 
nexepOyprt h PHrt sarpaHnqHaa ToproBJifl npeACTaBJiflerB cjfk 
Ayion^iH i^[$p£i ^) : 

06ii^iil o6opOTY. Ornyeti. IIpNBOti. Euaaci. 

Bi ApxaHreifcCKt 321,233 p. 285,387 p. 35,846 p. 249,541 p. 

„ neTep67prt .3,953,120,, 2,403,423,, 1,549,697,, 853,735^ 

„ PHrt. . . .2,090,000,, 1,550,000,, 540,000,, 1,010,000 „ 

r-- - _-- 

HToro . . 5,824,353 p. 4,238,810 p. 1,585,543 p. 2,65^^7 ^ 

H TaEi, Tb HOMHorifl A^HHUfl, BOTopufl vhL HM^eiTb, Dpei,- 
CTaBjaioTL BoapacTame FyccKoft aarpaHHqnofi xoproBie h bu- 
roAHaro xoproBaro 6ajiaHca B^b cjitAyfonteMii Buijslb: 

06opoT%. OrnycKi. IIpsBosi. Eaiaacv 

1702 TOXb 1,110,704 p. 728,456 p. 382,248 p. + 346,208 p. 

1718 „ 3,428,418 „ 2,612,775 „ 815,643 „ + 1,797,132 „ 

1726 „ 5,824,353 „ 4,238,810 „ 1,585,543 „ + 2,653,257 „ 

1742 „ 8,135,507 „ 4,567,422 „ 3,568,085 „ + 999,337 « 

niTopxi, He uwbE jifisaux'b OTHOCHxejibHO 1718 h 1726 
roAOBii, roBopHTi o ToproBOHi 6ajiaHC% npH Herpi^ BeiHEom 
cjii^AyH)ipee: «qTO OTnycRi ii npHBOdi. ri 1725 ro^y sHaqi- 

TeJIBHO B03paCJIH, Bl dTOMl HO MOSCT'L 6UTb HHKaROFO CO- 
MH^Hifl. RpOM'b TOrO, MOXHO CI nOJIHMuieiO Bi^pOflTHOCTJiO 

npepojiaraTb xaEse, ^to ToproBull OajiaHCL Oujtb BuroAeflii 
Hin PoGciH. IIo^TH E(A npesHie npeAM6TU BUBOsa, BCJiJ^xcxBie 
osHBJieHifl npoMumieHHOcTH , Boo6ii^e ynHosHJiHCB, a MHorie 



a) Ch, CeifeBoirB, tomi 3, crp. 20, 21 b citA* 

b) Tan se. 



— 161 — 

TOJbEo Tenepb c^l^jajHCb npeAueiaMH BUBoaa. Xota pocRoniL 
yse pacnpocipaHffJiacb, n noTpeGjieme MHOsecTBa iipeAuexoBi, 
KOTopuxi iipesA^ e^Ba m 3Hajii ttasBaHio, c^'^Jajiocb Bceo6- 
iBflWh\ HO Ileipi BejHEifi cjihuieohii sopEO o6eperaj[i> rocy- 
.lapcTBeHHoe 6oraTCTBo, ^toGu He orpaHHVHib BBOsa, ecm 6u 
oHb opeACTaBJiflj^ RaRott HH6yAb nepeBi^Cb uof.i b£ibo30mi»» ^). 
I^Hopbi ToproBJH AHTjiH CI PoccleH) , npeACxaBJieHHUfl 
BEime, npHBOABTi niEme Kh saRJiioveHiH) , vro c^ 1700 no 
1742 roAi> ofiopoTX pyccRofi aarpaHFiHoft ToproBJiH BooSnte h 
ToproBufi 6ajaHC'b) BuroAHufi hm PoccIh, BOBpacTajni ^). 



a) Storcli, TOM% 5, cTp 142. 

b) JLopxh BHTBoprb, 6uBiiiitt nocjiaHBHKOMi> wb FocciH wb 1710 roAY) ro* 
tupiiTi: ^cepe6po coctofl40 hsi* Kpeltiin, JleBeHi h Aju6epT'b TajiepoB'B h ao- 
ciaBjuuocB Hdii TojJiaaAiii, raM6ypra h Bpeuena. TaiepoBi npuxomrb eseroAHO 
on 2 AO 3000, HacTip orb TaHoxeHBux'B nomAHH'b , KOTopuii iuatAn» xym^u, 
tacnn sa M-frAHyi) MOB«Ty, KOTopoD xaaaa AtA&evb ccyAU HBOCTpafliiaMi cb 
yuoTAeiT* Hpeai> 2 roAa yiuaTHTb TaAepaxH, nacTuo se aa BiiiroABOM'b Kypcl vh 
roxiaBjdi)''. Cm. Schlotzer MUnz-Geld and Bergw.-Geschiclite, cTp. 40. 

ToBopfl ToproBOMii 6ajiaacb BaTBoprb npeAEOAaraen* ^ hto nepestcb 
onrycxa BaAi> bbo3omi> pasBaACH bi> 1710 roAy Bcero 2,000 p.! Hcabbh bubo- 
Wb oCnuix'b saKWHeaitt o KOAH^eoTBt tajepoB'B npaxoAHBmiii'ii eseroAao vb 
Poccii) H o TOproBOH'b CaAaflcb no noKaaaaiD BaiBopTa oTaocHieABBO 1710 roAa. 
fii 3Toin, HMesBo roAy 6aAaBC'fc ApzaBreAbCKolt , rAaaatfimelt TorAa , ToproBAH 
^uji aeBuroAea'b jiaa Poccia: o6oporb 1,485,000 py 6., oinycKii 142,441, a npa- 
B031 Ha 1,343,268 j)y6. Cm. Storch, cip. 32, tomi 5. 

Tff!k 6paj'b UeTpi BejoiKitt bojoto h cepe6po, onpamiaaeTii niAei^ep'b, h 

BaiOAHTb : 

1) %o Tan aaiTB obohxi pyABHXOBi» em,e ae 6iiiJ0, to Bce aoABiHecTBO 
KeTajja aoasbo 6uao npaxoABTb aaiaa-rpaaaiuii. 

2) Ilerpi aacTaAi ai caoeft cTpaal liivtcmjn Haccy MCTaAAa, KOTopuft 
npuxoAOAi Haiaa-rpaaamii oco6eaBO ci pasBHTieMi* ApxaareAbCKott ToproBAH. Bi* 
QapcKoft Kaaat aoaxbu 6uAa aaKonAATbca 6AaropoABue MeTaAJU, o^ayAa bmi ae- 
^TAa 6uA0 yxoAHTb, apoH-b HpesBUHaltBUX'b CAyHaeaii, Tarb Kairb coAopxaaie 
004TH BctxT) HBaoBaHKOBii ynAaHBBaAocb ae AeabraMa, a ToaapaMa. 

yaeAHHHAii AH Maccy 6AaropoABUXi MCTaAAoaii Wb CTpaat IleTpii BeAHidM 
& KaKHuii o6pa30M'b, cnpaniHBaeT'b AaAte mAenepi), a, ocaoauaaacb aa CAoaaxi* 
BHTBopa, c^BTaerb CaAaaci* pyccaofi ToproBAH ai* 200,000 (2,000 BaTBopia oai 
cHBTaerb onenaTBOi)) h npaxoAarb m* Toiiy aaKADHeaii), hto bphabbi 6uA'b aeaaa- 
^uieAeai* ffjui Taaott crpaau KaKi> Poccui, a hto IleTpi no aeo6xoAaMocTu aoa- 
Keai 6tiAii npB6traTb in> TaKHMi MtpaMi , aairb nopna MoaeTU , Koa^acKaiOJi 
HMymecTBa y caoaxi Ai)6HMiteB'b MeabmaaoBa, Ao^opyaoaa a Apyraxii. Cm. 
Scldotzer, cTp. 69, 70 a CAtA- 

OHeBBABO XnAenepii cBrbmaaaeT'L aaccu saaau cb o6nuiMii aapoAauMi 
pUHKouii, no aaaaa A^ttcTBaTeAbao aysAaAacb nocToaaao Bi Aeabraxii, — 3T0 
cnpaneAAHBO. (S>owb FaaeH'b roBoparb, hto bi nocAiABie roAU IleTpa BeAHKaro 
cepe6po ai} aaocipaHHott Moate AOCTasAHAocb auocipaHBUMu aynaaMa ai* He- 
Tep6yprb, KOTopuMi aa aero uAaTBAH xopomo ; (cm. Scblotzer, cTp. 174), ao 8T0 
BHCKOAbBo ae Aoaaauaaerb, hto6u ndTpe6aocTB puaaa aii aoAorb a cepe6pt, cpas- 
BHTeAbao npasAa mbaiu, ae noAy^aAH AOCTaTonaaro yAOBAeTBOpeais a hto6u aa-> 
CTOAAa aaAo6B octb aor aapoAaaro pbtaaa Kb TaaoMy ycHAeaHOMy BBoay cepe6pa. 

7 



- 162 — 

FoBopH o6i> 06^61111 ToproBOH'B Sajanci^ pyccKofi sarpa- 

BOTHofi ToproBjm OTb 1700 ]sp 1742 roAa hu ho HeoOxop- 
MOCTH orpaHHqHBaeHCH Tojibso ToproBJifo Ha h^iowb h fiainfi- 
CROHi> Mopaxi, Tasi BaR^ H'bT'B Toqnuxi AaHHfaixi» othoci- 
lejbuo aaiflTCBofi loproBJiH no cyxonyiHofi eBponeitcBofi rpa- 
HHi^l^ ; HO m% oOn^Hxi* ncTopuqecBnx'B sam'bTOR'L oTHOCHieJBHo 
ToproBJiH CL AaieH), Roiopua mm npeAoociaJiH Bbune, bhxho, 
qio ToproBJiu cb KHTaeHi* no 1727 roAa He 6ujio, a miowb 
Oujia xoTfl HeaaaqHTeJiBHafl, ho ci> BuroAHUvb GaidaHcon, npi 
neM'b Bi» FocciH) mjio 3ojoto. IIpaBHjbHaH loproBJifl bi> OpeH 
Oyprl^ Haqajiacb tojibro ci 1735 r. h ao 1742 ro^a ae uom 
6uTb 3HaqHTejibHa h npHXOM'b Suia Mi^HOBafl ^ naRonei^ nep- 
CHACRaa ToproBJfl cocroajia no npeHMyn^eoTBy m> rpaHSHii i 
laKise He Morja bii 6aiaHCl^ npeACxaBiflTb HeBuroAi» .^)- 

%o flse Kacaexcfl loproBju no eBponeficRofi cyxoo^niiA 
rpaHHi^t^ HMl^Bmeft no npoHMyntecTBy xapaRTep'b RonTpaSaHjpoi 
ToproB.iH^ TO npH cpaBHHTejibHO Ma JOiTL pasBHTiH pocRoniH OBa 
Bi paacMaipHBaeMuit nepio^i He rnvM Outb BejiHKa, h toibso 
pasB'b Bi> uapcTBOBanie EjiHcaBexu nojiyyHJia 6ojbmifl pasMipu* 
Ho BO BCHROH'L cj[yqai^ , BaRi 6u hh 6£ua HesHaqirreibHa 
ToproBjfl Bia, Bi nett hb homo 6uTb BuroAHaro 6aiaHca. 

yse npn HeTpi BeuROifL oObbhajiii eBpeeBi rnvsmn 
Ha rpaHHi^'b bx bubosI^ cepe6pa, m upHmiMajiHCb aecbiia cTpo- 
rifl , jiflme secroRifl Htpu , ROTopua ne npHHecjm oahhbo se 
2fiejiaeHofi nojibdu, h ROHxpaOaHAa, padBHBniaaca ni> napcTBO- 
Baaie EjiMcaBeiu h ocoSeano ERaxepHHU n, npoAOJisaeii cy- 
uiecxBOBaxb u ao Hacxoan^aro BpeMenu. RaRoe Bjianie Morja 
MMtxb axa xoproBJifl na o6nuft Sa^aHci, — pfeuiHTb Tpy^H^^; 
MOffiHO BO BCflROMT) cjiyqa:^ CRaaaxb, qxo bi> npoAOJisesiH Bcero 
XVIII BtRa, a oco6eHHO bi nepByio nojioBHHy ero, BurojtHtfft 
xoproBbifi oajiaHci pyccRott aarpaHnqnofi xoproBJiH, ecJH h lep- 
Htjii ymep6i oTi R0flxpa6aHAW, xo ne bi xbruxi pasitpax^ 



a; Stordi, Toirb 5^ oxp. 392« 



— 163 - 

^To6iii SHa^nrrejTbHO TepHTL ceofi xapasiepii Buroparo SaJianca. 
Ilpn TOMi, A*^ AeHOffiHaro puHBa bi PoccIh Boo6iqe loproBJH 
no cBponeMcKoft rpaHHi^t, xoth h KOHTpaSaHAHaa, iipe^ciaBJiflJia 
iiOTTH e^UHCTBeHHutt CBo6oAHuft iiyib, no KOTOpOMy npOHCXO- 

4MJ0 ecTecTBeHHoe ypaBHenic ^•feHHOCTH aojioTa h ocoSchho ce- 
[>e6pa Bi PocciH ci> oOqHM'B eBponeflcRHM'b MeiaJiJiHqeoRHM'B 
puHfiOMi; TBRx BaKi Bcl^ periaMeHTai^iH xoproBJiH BOoSqe n 
ToproBJiH AparoutHHUMH MeiaiJiaHH bi oco6eHHOcTH, opaKTH- 
KOBaBuiiflCfl wh PocciH Bi> XVIII BiRi^ ropasAO Jierqe 6uaq 
ooKOAHTB 3AtCb, niMi Bi ToproBuxi* ropoAaxi. 

Ci 1742 roAa mu HM'beBrB y»e aobouho noApo6HUfl a 
ToqHHH CBl^A'^Hia OTHociiTcibHO BarpaHHqHott ToproBJLH PocciH. 

r. lllTOpX^, nOJIbByflCb 0O«HI(iaJIbHUMH HCTO^HHSaHH CO* 

CTaBHJTL TaSjiHi^y TOBroBaro 6ajraHca PocciH 3a 56 jAtl orb 
\142 Ao 1797 roAa. dia TaOiHiia Toproaaro 6ajiaHca npcA- 
cTaBiflCTb eAHHCTBeHHLifl no noiHOT'b HCTO^HHRi AJfl cysA^aitt 
o6i BTOWh npeAHext;, — nodAHtftmifl HSAaHia MaTopiajiOBii, RaRi 
iiaiip. CeneHOBa, npeACTaajiaiorL oahh OTpuBoqaua cb^a^hIh 
oTHOCHTejibHO 3arpaHH<(Ho8 ToproBJH Bii xym Bi^Rt. Mu npH- 
BOAHM'b m'h Ta6j[Hi^u IIlTopxa i^H^pH Ao 1762 roAa '). 



a) Hto Mfixe o««HiaaAHue bctohhbkh TorAamBJiro BpeHenH ne coBctM'b 
BipHu, — 3T0 cnpaBeAJHBO ; BO BajHrnaitt onexTBiuiairB vb 9Tohii cjiyHat laxse 
BeyM^crewb. Borb hto caaci UlTopxt roBoparb o CBoett ladiBut ToproBaro 

« .... <rb 1742 roAa mu Butem ayTeBTBHBtte jibctu otbocbtcjOiBO 3Toro 

HaxHaro npeAHera bo Kaxii Oil bb Oujib ayreBTBHBU 9TB jiuctii , b nairb 

6u BH 6ujiu noy^BTeJbBU obb, BpH Bcem Bxt BByTpeBBeMi BecoBepmeBciBlk, 

HMH CAbjtJ&Fb nOJbaOBaTbCA Cl> OOJibOIOD OCTOpOaCBOCTUD, BpB CyMMfifOM A^ft- 
CTBHTaabHOMli COCTOBBiB TOprOBJIfl : BO l-Xl Bl BBZ'fc Be npBBBTB BO BBBMaBie 

KOBTpaOasjiflaii toproBja. ... bo 2-x%, obb ocbobbbu bb perBCTpaxi TaMosesi) 

B-b KOTOpUXl* AaBBUB UtBt BB03BUX% B BUBOaBHX'B TOBBpOBl* Bl TtTh 
TOJIbKO CMfHUaXb npBBBJBBO AOaBBBU B OTNt^OBU, XOFAa BSBMBJiaCb nOBLDUa 

BO utB* TOBapoBTi ; BT» ApyrBXTi Hco cjiyHaBXT*, Baop. eC4B nOBUBBa BSHMaJaOb 
cb Btca lUH Hftpu H overa lOBapa^ bjih bcjIb obi 6uji'b coBepmesBo cBoOoAOS'b 



164 ~ 



3 

O 



(X5mifi «6opotT> 

TOprOBJH ) 



Py6jiH j Koir. 



Bb031> 



BUBOSlr 



Bajaaci 



Py64H , fKoiLJ Py6iH Kogj PyfliH Kon 



1742 
1743 
1744 
1745 
1716 
1747 
1748 
1749 
1750 
1751 
1752 
1753 
1754 
1755 

17:)() 

1757 
1758 
1759 
1760 
1761 
1762 



8,135,507 

8,741,172 

9,619,550 

9,148,041 

9,461,212 

8,900,959 

8,928,rt77 

10,104,709 

13,166,200 

12,552,367 

14,931,469 

13,373,681 

14,400,'^65 

14,^^24,331 

14,676,256 

14,279,315 

i5,0l.\714 

I7,6n4,8l6 

17,233,«>55 

1 6,905,07 1 

20,924,728 



90»/^ 
37«, 

62% 

.58 V, 

92 

148% 
54 



'• 



71% 

,76% 

'60 

'95V 

65% 

32% 

88 

(iO ■ 

,57% 

I 9% 
11% 



3,568,085 


5 


4,6(K),624 


20% 


3,703,142 


1 


3,898,674 


84% 


4,1 93,40 1 


72 


3,499,025 


24% 


4,304,371 


54 


4,56b,:{35 


76% 


6,013,371 


22% 


5,956,79 1 


22% 


7,002,910 


65 


5,d 15,431 


99% 


7,159,616 


22 


6,641,561 


83% 


6,67^,019 


58*^, 


6,083,819 


56 


6,353,118 


93% 


8,002,980 


21% 


7,358,051 


58% 


7,180,794 


10% 


8,162,235 


61 



4,567,4>2 
4,240,548 
5,916.408 
0,249,366 
5,267,810 
5,401,934 
4,624,306 
5,536,373 
7,152,829 
6.595,575 
7,931,559 
7,458,249 
7,240,649 
8,182,770 
8,005,237 
8,195,495 
8,662,595 
9,601,836 
9)675,013 
9,724,276 
12,762,4« 



85% 
17 . 

^\ 
33 

90% 
34 
38 
71% 
31% 
77% 

6% 
76% 
38 
H% 

7 ' 
76% 
94»/; 
38% 
99 

98Y. 
50% 



+ 999,337 80'. 
— 260,076 3', 
4-2,213,266 1', 
1,350,691 ;43«, 
1,074,409 18', 
1,092,909 I 9V, 
319,934 'H 
96h,037 iSi 
1,139,458 I 8«.. 
638,784 55 
978,648 kr, 
' 1,542;817 |77y, 

81,033 (6 
1,541,208 |27V, 
1,^91,217 W, 
2.111,67^ 20'/, 
I2»30a477; •/, 

2,543,482 'fi\ 
4,6O0i25€»9\ 



EpoMt BuroAHaro ToproBaro 6ajaHca, AooTaBJUBmaro ea 
pycciiift puaoEii, safii mu bhahmi» homth n(K$TOinioo zwsk- 
TejbHoe KojimecTBO sojioTa a cepelpa, npaBHTej&CTBO'iojy^aio 
xaRse sna^HTeAHOe koihibctbo TaMoadttHuxii'AMfUffB. OoraB- 
iflfl Bi CTopoHi^ Bonpocu TOM'b, ua Roro na^aiH 9th nommflii 



orb nonuHH'B, TtMoseHBHt HaHOBiaiK'& AOBOibCivOBueii offitHA (HhbffljieBim 
Eyma, He noBtpAa ero noKaaanift, jsjui ^ero y nero Haoro' HdAoctaBiJO bh cBt- 
Atuitt, Hu BpcMCHH, a uHOFAa 6uTb Mosen* H npana. Bott» rt o6cToaTeifcCTBi. 
xoTOpuH ocjia6jiflnn» BtpRocn 03Ha^eHHiixi» jihctobi ; ho npv Bcixi snx) 
HeAociaTicaxi, ohr ocravTCfl Bee Tau AparoirbHHinui xoKyMeHTan X^ noaatfU 
rocyxapcTBeRHaro doraTCTBa h Ai« RcroplR pyebKdft TdprdBJH. 

Ilx% HeooBepmeHCTBo Atmrb bi npapoAt calttaro A^ia , h' &etpiv«c^ 
npR BctXT) noAo6RHrb cBtirbHiitrb bi> xaKOtt 0u ctpattt OHt Re c(i6ap^J>c^' 

9fH HeAOCTaTKH OCTaDTCR BCeFAft R BO BCRXOe BpeMA rtVH se, I ti^AOUt^B^ 

vh oTHomeBiaxi* otj(1(ji&rsixu AaHuux'b iiesAy co6od Aat»rb oraoeiTeiBBfV 
RCTBHy, Hail KOTopolt KOSHO cii Bejunafinieii yBtpeRROcnx) RgBieian secufi 
aaMtHaTejbBue peayjiiTaTu. 

Storch Gem&lde, tomi 5, crp. 401—^405 R Supplbd. orp. 1* 



— 165 — 

[ B03M08BO a 6uio nepejiojReH]6» HairB. cj^Ayerb paapiniHTb 
iafiHifimilt pfl Haci> Bonpoci o tohi*, yBejiipuuiMCb jih Macca 
mofonHfOTb MeiajiJiOBii Ha sHyTpi^HHeii'L, puHs^ BCJitAcxBie 
anmaHiflj TfifoseHHUx3> nonuoiH'B. Qp^, HeAQprajTBlk AaHHUxi 
(ute To^Bm'bJ^^ pi^mems 37010 Bonpojpa^ Mjoajfio ociaHOBiiTbCfl 
a Towh apeAnOpfoseH^H, qio, no^iRj Bpa cyvj^^ nf^wfam^ ynja- 
sBaBmaHCfl HHocxpaHHOio M9HeTOfo y^enquBaJta. MexfijjHqec^ift 

UflOR'B PoCCm; HO H Ta qaCTh Ta^S^HBUX^. nom4HHl>, BO- 

)paH 7iijaqHBajiac)b fjccfim MOHeioifo,. heofa^ TaKse Morja 

UAiTeiBCTBOBaTb COOTBtTCBeHHQJVO UpHJIVJ^^ 3040Ta H Ce- 

#a Ha pyccBitt puHOR'L. Tasii AHrjnqaa^, nojib30BaBioiecfl 
pBBHjierieH) niaTHTb nouufHHU pyccRini^ A^H>^raMH, HMeHHo 
ifl yojiaTbi. nouiJiHHi , M'bHfljH la^epu na. pyccEia A^HbiH. 
a rpaHni](ax'Li HojbmH, JIh9J?ha1h, h B'b camofi JlHOiflHAin 
)0H3BOAiijificb B'b 3HaqeTe;ibHBif'b pa^jtt^pax'b nosynKa pyc- 
Mi> ACHerb fla TaJiepu, TaMte hm, ywiaTu hohijihh^, xoth 
ipoqeMX aA^c^ A<oa.Toft se i^tiQ, neiKyaajie h lajiepbi na 
fccKia ACHbrH, IIpjHHHMaa ap B9 BHHMaHie HaKOHe^'b to, mto 
stuiHflfl ToproBja 6biM Bca B'b pysax'b HHocipaHAeB'b^ moaho 
ptjnojaraxb, hto ouh. ujuthjh fiojbntyio qacib nouijuiH'b. 

HouiJiHHbi B'b Haqaii^ XVIII Bl^Ba B3HMaj[HCb no ycTaoy 
leKcifl, lilp^xaftjcBinia 1667 rp^a. Bx. 1724 roAy fiBJuexca 
peuil lap^^'b nu nexepOypra, BuOopr^, HapBU, ApxaH- 
Jbcsa H I^pjui, Hj B'b Tojse BpQiifl MopcRofi xaMOseHHufi pe- 
aMeuTb H HHCxpyRiyfl xaMo^eii^biM'b HHHOBHH^aMi. nonuHHU 
* 9T0Bii> iiei>^ofii> xapnol^ 6f^jH^ yse B03Bbimcqu cpaBHH- 
JbHo c'b npea^iiiucb ; np y^j[axa,H^'b, KaB*^ h npea^e, AOJSRa 
ua npoBiapoAUXbQfl HHpcxppHOK) Mpaexoio^f RaE;>, ci BB03HBix'b, 
Ki II. Bbi;»03|fbi{Cb TpB^poBi.; npefl^^^ nom^iiH^a^ paBHHJiacb 
^TH 57p, Tjeiip{|b Hfe BogBj^apieaa ona^ 6u,iia oc^oSchho na 
5pflnni,ia. iipoHSJ^eAej^iH, x^pjb. hxq cocjpaBjiflJia on> 10% ao 
'V2Vo- Am noonQ)eHifl. aKx»BHofi.pycc!;ol|,xpproBJiH nonuEHHa 



- 166 — 

yHeHbmajiacb no % ^ npH tom^ npnHHMajiacb pyccEfum im- 
raMH. BTopofl TapH^i cocraBieHX b'b 1729 roAy, ho BomeiL 
BB cHjy ci 1731 ro^a, pa B&kx'b raBafleli Bl^iaro h Baj- 
Tiftcaaro Mopett, Hcano^aa jiHojflHACRHX'b , bi> BOTopiui ^U- 
cTBoaajii cxapufi mBejiflmik TapH^x. fii* btowl BTopoHi Ta- 
pH^i nonuDSHLi yMeHbmeHU Ha oaSpHqHua mji/kJiifL n oco- 
ScHHocTH, Cb 37Va% Hanp. na 107©; oraocHTejibHo »e cm- 
pux'b MaTepiajtoBi pepsaHU npexHifl noniJinHu; RpoMi^ Toro. 
upHOaBieHU fitaoTopue HOBue Hajorn, aaKi jiacTOBue, orne- 
Bue H aR^^AeHI^H. HaaoHei^'k AHrjuqane h ApMHHe uospm 
no 9T0My TapHoy H^KOTopua jbroiu. Bi. 1752 ro^y H3j|afli 
Tapno'L, a Bi 1753 H TaMoiseHHufi yCTaBi> ajih opeE^^frml 
norpaHH^ofi jHHiH h bi tomi> se roj^y yHHMT02seHU Bnyipesfli^ 
TaMoiKeHHUfl sacTaBU. Vto6u BOSHarpaAHTb noxepH Easfiuuri) 
yHnmoffieHifl BHyipeHHRXi TaMOseHHUX'L HoniJUH'L, BOSBLnseea 
TaMOseHHaa nomjHHa na Mopcsoft h cyxonyiHoft rpaeeitt ro- 
cyAapcTBa, — na bchrIS pyGjb yMaveHHoft hohijihhei npuoafi- 
jieHO en^e 13 boh., noTOMi ajh noAA^pssaniH JlaAOiscEaro ke- 
uajia laHoseHHaa nonumHa yBeravena eiqe aa 2%. Bi 1754 
roAy HSAaHi lapnoi, a bi* 1755 r. h TawoiKeHHHfl ycraBi 
pa AcipaxaHCEofi xoproBJiH. 

Bi 1757 roAy HSflaH'B xpexifi xapHd)^ j^m cBponeftcKofi 
xoproBJiH. Bi aioiTL xapH*t EoraiecxBo cxaxefi HecpaBHCHHo 
6oj[bme npoxHBi npesHHX'b, h yaejuiqeHa nomjHfia na npe;i- 
Mexu pocEomn HHorAa 6oj1^e ^twb B^Boe, ocoOohho Ha ^^pan- 
i^yacEia H3fltjiia; npoMi xoro bt> axoMi lapH** sfla^HTejbHo 
B03pacjo EOJiaqecxBO xoaapoB'b, BbiBoax hjh bbosi EOTopu^^ 
6HJn> coBepmeHHO sanpeqeni. CpaBHHBaa axoxL TapH<Ji ci 

npeiBHHMH pyMH, M02BH0 BHA^Xb, SaBl SuCXpO pa3BHBdJDCk 

noxpeSHOcxH pyccEaro oS^ecxaa h pocEomb. Bi nepBHXt A^y^^ 
xapHoaxx coBctMi He noHMeaoBaHH npeflMCXH, He cociaBJHiO' 
qie jiflMQ oco6eHHoft pocEouiH, ho nini, ne Meate e^e hjh 



— 167 - 

coBc^iTL HeHBBtcTHue pyccEOAfy oSqecTBy hjdi SuBinie bt, 
BecbHa HesHa^TejBHOifB ynoipeOjemH, RaEii nanp. MHorie mej- 
KOBue H SyMasHue lOBapu, jrerKia mepcTflHUH TsaHH n ap- 
B'L 1753 roAy ynHMTOseHU BHyxpeHHia sacTaBu; ho 
jiH4^jiflHACRie npoBHHi^iH, yAepisaBmH mBeACBitt lapuoB, HHibjiH 
TaMoseHHyio mmio h co CTopoHU fiejiQsopoccin ; TaMomeHHaa se 
jraeifl cyniecTBOBaBuiaH Mes^y Majopoccieio h BejiHRopoccieio 
yBHMTOKCHa Bi 1758 rosy. 

DpH Iletpt III no ToproBOMy ycTBBy 27 Mapia 1762 
ro^a cA'bJaHhi HiBOTopua H3M%HeHiH bii laMoseHHux'B nocxa- 
HOBieHiflxi* ; TaEi» eanp. 06'BflBJieH'B cboSoahuA Topn xji^Oomi 
mi Bctxi* raBanett, a ea VepnoM'B n RacnificEOMi Mopax'B 
Aase yHeHbrnena nouiJiuHa Ha nojioBney ; na rpaHMi^ax'L Hobo- 
pocciH y^pesACHu TaMosHH. 

Ywfi B'b XYIII B^Kt xaMoseHHUfl nomjHHM npeAnHcaeo 
6ujo ynjia^MBaxb HHOCxpaHHOio mohoxoh), npHHHMaa ee no onpe- 
HUeBmH vlbwb na pyccRia A^Hbrn. Ilexpi* BejiHsifi noAxaep- 
pn axo nocxanoBJieHie n oho mwkJio cnjy noqxn bi> npoAOJi- 
senie Bcero XYIII bI^rb. CaMaa ynoxpeSHxejbnafl nnocxpau- 
Haa HOflera ^m njiaxeisa nouiJinHi Slijih AjibOepxoBu xajepu 
HiH eoHHRH, xoxfl npHRHMBJiacb H ApyrBfl BbicoRonpoSnafl 
nnocxpanHafl Monexa. JH^jlh xoro, ^xoObi Monexa 6b[Jia noj- 
HOB'bcHafl^ xpe6oBajiocb He xojbRO npnannaxb ee no i^tH'b, ho 
H no Bi^cy; xaRi ea^HMKOBs aojisho 6um haxh na «yHX'b 14 
CL AOBtcoMi, ^xo cocxaBJiflJio oxi 14 Vi AO 14% bi oyHit. 

Ol^tHRa HHOCXpaHHOtt MOHeXbl, ROXOpOM) npOHSBOAHJHCb 

njiaxesn xaMoaceHHbix'b nouuHHi., ocxaaajiacb no^xn bi xe- 
Heflie Bcero XYIII b'^rb HeHBU'bnHOH), He cMoxpa na nepeml^nbi 
Bb pyccRott MOHexHott eAHUHi^'b. TaR'b no xapn^y 1724 roAa 
BHocxpani^bi AOJisHU Sujih i^Jiaxnxb nomjinny e<DHMRaMH, cun- 
Taa RaasAufi wh 50 RonieRii, rbrx h bi> XYII cxojitxin, ne 
CMoxpa na xo, qxo aocxohhcxbo py6jfl yHenbuieHo Sbijo na 



- 168 — 

nojioBHHy. ToJTbRO pyccRie noMaHHue noiyqHiH JiBuary ua- 
THTb nomjniHU pyccRHMH ACHbraMH, npe newb Tajiepu sacqi- 

TfalBaJIH HM'L Bl 125 ROn£eBl> ; HJLH pyCCROft aRTHBHOfi Top- 

( c • 

roBJiH noHHisaiacb nonuHHa jsfl Vs h Tajepi npHHBMajcfl bi 
90 RonteRi. Hdnri^HeHifl bi bthx'b oi^i&HRax'L xajiepa npoHcio- 

AHJIH RHOrAa, ho COBepmeHHO HesaBHCHMO OVb flBM^HCHift 1(0- 

CTOHHCTBa pyccRofl MOHeTHofl eAHHHi^u, a cMOxpH no nroTaii 
TOMy HiH ApyroMy poAy ToproBjrn. BcJtACTBie axoro bi XVin 
BtRi BH^CTi Ch noHHiseHleMii AOCTOHHCTBa py6jiH» eaMd co5on 
B03BUinajiacL xairoiBeHHafl nomjnHa. 

TaMOseHHufi cSopi ho^th bo ace BpcHfl XYIII b%u io 
ERaxepHHU II OTAaaajCH b^ OTRynnoe coAepsanie *). 

OTHOCHTeJIbHO ROJIH^eCTBa TaMOSeHHBIXIi nOIUJlHH'b, n(K^ 

naBinnx'b bi* Rasey ci 1700 no 1742 roA'b, hh TaBiene 

HHteiTb TOqHUX'b CBi^A^mft. RomHXHH'b rOBOpHTl , ^TO Bl eti) 

BpeMfl Bi npBRast Bojibmaro IIpnxoAa coSHpajiocb fioibf 
500,000 py6iefi eiseroAHO. I^H^pu TaMoseHHbix'b a^^^^^^^ 
nocTynnBiiiHX^ lOJibRo ci TaMosea'b 6ajiTiBcBHX'b h SiJOMop- 
CBHx^ nopTOBi wh 1730, 1735 h 1740 rr., noRaauBaiQn, 
MTO AOXOAH dm nocTeucHHo Boapaciajra, xaRi nio at 1742 
roAy OHH paBHflJHCb ho^th MMJiony pySjiefi. 

Gi) 1 742 roAa no xaSiai^i^, cocxaajieHHoB nixopxoMX, la- 
uoseHHue ][oxof(u npeACxaajEflioxx xaRia i^nopu ^) : 



a) IlopTOBua TaHosHH 6ujra Biipo«rearB bi> KsaeuBowb ynpaBjeaifl* 
a) B'b 1732 roA7 Htaro THHMepicaHii npeAJiosHjn* SBecTH npasHibBoe 
c^eroBOACTBo h 6yxraJTepiD na TaHOSHaxii ; •opiui kbhf'b 6luh BunHcaBU v^ 
JIoBAoaa, AMCTep^aMa h IlapHsa. Herupe rojia cnycTA hbhjcji yvasi* o BBe^esii 
BO Bctvb raBasAxi BajiTiftcBaro MopA no AaRBUH'B oCpaaiiaM'B stAOXOcreft ussi 
TaMoaKeBHUjL'b nomJDiHax'b , Tain? h o ntBt npuBoaa h omycEa. Bt40X0CTi 
9TH BejtBO 6hjio DpHCUjiaTii Bii KoMMepiTb-RoMMHcciD . Majio no Mijrf pacn^' 
pasenie aio pacnpocTpaniuocb ■ na Apyria raBanii (lojiHue BiAOHOCTR 4S<^ 
Bt BoMHepiTB-KojueriR naxoABJnicb TOJtbso ci 1742 ro^a. 

QH. Storch Gem&lde, toirb 5, etp. 363 h Suppld crp. 3, 



- 169. - 



o 



AjEioeproBU 

ttuiepu no 

Bicy 



HjM.' , O. I 3oji 



PyccKiii AeBbrH 



Py6jiH |Kon 



Ajib6epT0BU Ta- 
jiepu Ba pyocBlii 

ACBM'H 



Ty^JOL ,Kon. 



Hioro TaMOxea. 

AOXOAB 



Py6jiH Kon 



1742 
1743 
1744 

1745 

1746 

1747 

1748 

1749 

1750 

175! 

1752 

1753 

1751 

1755 

1756 

1757 

1758 

1759 

1760 

1761 

1762 



999 
1133 
1041 
1062 
1108 
1059 

935 
107! 
1291 
1340 
1468 
1437 
1350 
1299 
1341 
1299 
1301 
1361 
1297 

1337 
il629 



1 



10 


64% 


4 


65% 


26 


23V, 


35 


39% 


33 


93% 


38 


12 


24 


42% 


22 


32% 


38 


f^l% 


4 


35% 


22 


70 


10 


711/ 


28 


94% 


29 


85% 


23 


63 


18 


80% 


37 


47^ 


— 


92% 


39 


23 


36 


84V, 


36 


88 



255,816 

267,5«1 

272,558 

287.826 

279,776 

20H,G49 

233,705 

302,436 

323,382 

291,994 

399,6 »2 

454,317 

1,189,004 

1,502,927 

1,381,827 

1,607,221 

1 ,648,279 

1,701,833 

1,716,449 

1,707,393 

l,740/!85 



48' V 
27% 

«8% 

90 

53 V, 

90% 

26% 

75 

60 

33% 

15% 
I. 

33 

43 

33»; 

9l». 

13% 

67-. 

94% 

76% 



699,486 
793,181 
729,159 
744019 
776,019 
741,967 
654,927 
750,090 
904.374 
938,076 
1 ,027,997 
1 ,00(i,088 
945,507 
909,823 
939,113 
909.629 
911,356 
952,716 
908,586 
961,745 
1,140,946 



81% 

99 

29 

75 

55 

20 

77 

97 

42% 

42% 
76 

22 «, 

4% 
99 

72',. 

12 

87 

70 

45 



955,302 
1,060,763 
1,001,717 
1,031,845 
1,055,796 
950,616 
888,633 
1,052,527 
1,227,677 
1,230,071 
1,427,640 
1,460,405 
2,134,511 
2,412,750 
2,320,911 
2,516,851 
2,559,736 
2,654,550 
2,625,036 
2,669,139 
2,881,231 



85 

17% 

56% 

93% 

45 

73% 

67% 

23% 

17% 

2% 

9% 
15% 

22% 

37% 

42 

5% 
3% 

\ 

37% 

39% 
81 



npHBOAeHHUfl HauH TaGjHi^Li o6qaro oSopoTa pyccsoft 

3arpaHn^Hofi ToproBjH n 6ajiaHca, a laEse iic4HCjieHifl TaMo- 

' seHHHXi noifljHH'B AaH)Ti> BecbMa BaasHufi MaTepia.i^ j(m Toro, 

MToSu cyAHTL cocTOflHin HeTaMH^ecRaro puHRa PocciH cpaB- 

HHTCJIbHO CI MeiaJIJIHqeCKHM'L pKrHEOMl> OCTaJlbHOfi EapoiiLi. 

Bi TeMOHie Bcero paacHaTpiiBaeiiaro eaMH nepioAa, 3a ee- 

MHOrHMH TOJlbRO HCRJHOqeiliflMH , MU SaMtqaeHTi nOCTOflHHUtt 

npHJEHBi SjiaropoAHuxi MeTaMOBi bi* Focciio. CepeSpo npn- 

lOAHJrO Rl» HaMl HO TOJIbEO H31> eBponefiCRBXT) pUHEOfiX, HO 

TaRse nail Aain ^) ; ecm mu BCipi^^aeM'b HHorAa flBienifl npo- 



a) IIocjitAHee o6cTOflTeJiBCTBo Hoserb npeACiaBJiATB coMBibHiii. Bi to 
BpeMJi, BorAa cb cBponettcRBX'B puBKOBi BesjiH cepe6po bti AsId, Ba pyccKift 
puflOKi* ccpe6po H 30JI0T0 npHBOsBJH H3i> Aaiu. Ho comb^bU jierKO Moryn* 
6uTB ycTpaBOBu ecui npHBAn bo BBKHanie to, hto bsii KHTaa mu nojyHajH 
30JI0T0, a Be cepe6po ; tojibko nociiiABee n!^miAOCh bi AsIb Aopose HtMi* bii 
Espont. KpoiA Toro, Aain bo Horjia npeACTasjiBTB o^Boro HeT&ajuiHecKarQ 



- 170 - 

THBynojrosHEifl, to ABjemfl ain ocTaH)TCfl flBJEenimiH qacTHun, 
H HHCEOibEO He Moryxi xapaKxepesoBaTb cocTOHHifl Hamero 
ueTajJHqecKaro puHsa bi pascMaTpHBaeMuS nepioAii. 

CnpaaepHBOCTB xaEoro saRJiiDtieHifl noATBepasAaeTCfl BnojHt 
cocTOflHieM'B BeBcejibHaro Bypca, EaRi yBHAHifb ABi^e. 

Sii cosajtHiH), Tb JuaTepiajiu, EoiopuMH mbi naib30Ba- 
jiHCb pa onpe^l^jieHifl cocTOfiHifi BHtmnett ToproBiH h lopro- 
Baro 6ajaHca PoccIh kl pasciiaTpHBaeMufi Haifa nepioxi^ py* 
qaioTCfi sa cnpaBepHBocTh tojibeo oahofo oOntaro aasiioqemfl 
npHJUiBi cepe6pa bi Pocciio. Bojie towuh HcqHCJieHifl o 
BOJiHqecTBib 6jiaropoAHuxi> MeTajuoBi npHJiBBafirnHXi bi» Pocdi) 
m^ roAa bi roAii TpeOyiOTB xaEse 6ojLie ToqHbixi> nfiMHiij 

SaB'b OTflOCBTejIbHO TOprOBJlH B006n^e, TaSl H OTEOCVtUbEO 

cocTOfiHifl OHHaHcoBi, Epe^HTa H Boo6iue dEOHOMH^ecsoft mm 
Foccie wb nepBue 62 roAa XYIII ciojii^Tifl , ROTopuii lu 
noBa He iiM'beMi>. 

DpHHHMafl BO BHHMaHie OAHH cpeAHie buboau, npHBeAefi* 
Hi>ixi> HaMH qHCJiOBUii> A^fluuxh MOffiHO CEadaib, ^to no 5a 
JiaHcy npHXOAHJio b'b PocciH) AP^roi^'bHHbLX'B MeTauoBi» flpfl- 
6jH3HTejii>H0 cpeAHMMii qHCJOMi OT'b 1700 AO 1742 roAa 6oi1^e 
MHJiJioHa pyojeit bl roAi*; EpoM!b Toro EasHa nojy^aja on 
TaMoaseHHUx'B nonijmfl'L ao 500,000 py5. bi> roAt. Cj*AOBa- 
lejbHo npMHBi> OjaropOAHLix'L MeiaMOB'L bi> Pocciio aa see 
3T0 BpeMfl npocTHpajicfl easeroAHo no 1 V2 ftiHJUiioHa pyGiefi, a 
Bcero sa 42 roAa ot^b 1700 -1741 r. ao 63 mhjjuohobb pj 6- 
— C'B 1742 H AO EOHi^a pascMaxpiiBaeMaro hbmh uepioAaBU 
BOAU Moryrb 6uti> 6ojiibe B'bpHbie. Sa'&cl loproButi OaJiaaci 



puuKa: ecjH cepe6po bboshjiu bi IIb;ud h KuTait, to avb llepciH h Bp^P^ 
ero hofjih BUBoaHib, oco6eHB0 npH rtxi nojHTHHecKUXi o6cTonTeJBCTBaJi, 
B'B BaKHxi» 611UM norpaBUHBUJi BaMi> aainTCKiii scmah bi nepByv BOioiuuiy 
XVm BtKa. 



— 171 — 

jiaBa.rL 6oj[te 1,448^000 py6. u nomjHHU 6ojAg 1,719,000 p.*, 
BMtcT^ 6ojAe 3,100,000 py6. bx toa'l. 3a 21 roA'B nocpeA- 
CTBOMi ToproBaro Sajianca BBeseeo bi> Pocciio djaropoAHUxii 
MTBiMOBT> 6ojLte 30,41 6,000 py6., a nocpeACTBOM'L nomjuiH'B, 
AO 36,117,000 py6. Bcero 6ojite 66 mhjijqohop'l pySjiefi. 

CjitAOBaiejibHO, bt. leqeme Bcero pascHaTpHBaeiiaro naMH 
nepio^a oGn^ee npiipaii^eme MeiajMuecKaro puHBa FocciH no- 
cpeACTBOM^ ToproBaro 6ajaeca h nomjUH'L moirho npuHflib bi 
127 MHJJQOHOB'B pyGjiefi. 

EcjH fiu^HCjeniH o6ii^iik^ oOopoTOBi BH^mHeft ToproBiH 
H BX HacTOfliuee Bpeiufl , npn oGhjqh AaHHUxx h 6ojiie npa- 
BHJ[bHOM'B coSHpHHin Hxi>, iiul^ioT'B xapaBxepi TOJEbRO npn6jii* 
3HTejbH£i:xi» BuqHCjeHift, to Ttwb 601*66 aojukhu npeACTaBJHTb 

OOHHtHitt BCflKifi TO^Hblfl BU^HCJeHlfl DO 060p0TaM'b BB'^HlHett 

ToproBjH, Caiancy, BB03y MeTajuiOBi, bx paacMaTpHBaeMuS 
ffaiH nepioA'b. 

CoMHtHifl Horyxii BOSHnsaib He TOJbEo BCJ^A^TBie ne- ' 
AociaiEa HCTopH^ecKaro Maiepiajia h HeBl^pHOCin CB^Ai^Hifi, ho 
Tafise BCj^ACTBie caMaro xapaKxepa xoproBbLxi Haomx'L cho- 
menifi cb Enponobi b'b XYIII b^rI^ h j^i^Y^nTb ycjioBifi xo- 
rAamneft dBOHOMHqecBofi h o6qecxBeHHofi shbhh. 

TaBi> npesAe Bcero naccHBHbitt xapaBxepi) Hamefi xop^ 
roBj[H Morb B'b BHaqHxejbHofi cxeneHH yMeHbinaxb npnjiHBX rii 
HaM'L 6JiaropoAHUXi> HexaJiJiOBX. 

HHOCXpaHipj, HMJ^fl CBOH ROHXOpU, CBOHXT) areHXOBT>, H 

ABBaa RpeAHTb pyccRHHii Ryni^aMi, mofm y6HBaxb u^bBM Ha 
HaniE npoAyRxu h BoaBuaiaxb u^hm hb cboh. Bcjii^AcxBie Bxoro 

BB03X XOBapOBli XOXfl H MOPb HN^Xb ifeSHa^HXeJIbHyK) I^tH- 

Hocxb, H BUBOdi) npeACxaBJiflXb nanpoxHB'b 6ojbniifl i^H^pu, ho 
npH xaRHXi) ycjioBiflxi> oa>oni^iajibHbifl cb'^a'^hIb o npnB03t h 
oxnycHi^, RaRi> 6bi hh 6lijih ohh B^pHu h xoqnu, Moryxi 



- 172 - 

jierKO BBopTi^ B^ BaGJiyatA^Hie oxHocirrejiBHO A^ftcTB|i;renHaro 
npiTjiRBa B^ CTpany SjiaropoAHUKi) HeiajijroB'B. 

Eii^e Bi XYn B'^E'b pyccRJe vynqu a^a^OQaiacb , m 
€OHH; AnrjuiqaHe, caMH cboh. lOBapu Bib Mocsay; iipH303ffn> e 
noEynaH)Ti> pyccBie lOBapu cbohi^^ 3ai;oBopoaiT> ^ i^3Qif4aion 
noKynaTb no ropoAaMi h bi ji'^AU^ 3aRa6aj[flH h sfajiojva mho- 
THXii 6%J^HLIx^ H AOJffiHuxi pyccRifX'b JK),'^efi^ npoAafOTT) to- 
Bapu TaiiHo, bi BunHCflxi» He nHuiyrh m ^ecflTott, jififji^ npo- 

BOdHTIi Bt CBOH) dCMJIK) 6631 HOIUJIHULI H OTTOFO HJ^l pyCCIHIl 

juoAeft 6e3'B npoMucjiOBi yqHHHJin h Bce UocROBCBoe rocyxap- 
CTBO o^OJIo;^HJIH» •). UpaBHTejiLCTBO Torfla eme aaripeifljo as- 
rjmqaHaM'L ToproBaTL BHyxpH rocyAapcTBa, a BnocjtACTBiH m 
sanpemieHie pacnpocTpaneHO Slijio h Ha bc^xi* HHCTpani^eBi ^i. 
Bi pascMBTpHBaeMufi hbmh nepioAi* HHocTpaHHue Byni^Bi mffl 

HHTb H BeCTH CBOH HtM TOJILBO B^ CTOjmuaXI H H'^EOTOpiiIll^ 

ropo;(axT). EKaTepHHa II CHHJia axo aaiipen^enie. 3anpe^eHifln> 

BTHWh npHABBaJIH Bb TO BpCMfl H HOCJlt OCOSeHHyH) BaSHOCTb. 

TaKi KojioTOBT> roBopnTX, MTO npH EKaTepHH* n He yxojjwo 
6li 3arpaHm^y 30joto, ecjH 6li MesAy upowMi cHeAonyqeHia 

6um HHOCTpaHI^KE TOprOBaTb BO BCefi PoCOiH B'b posHHuy Bl 

jaBRaxi CBOHX^, H CBynaTb no A^peBHaHi* 'naiuH TOBapu h3i> 
nepBHx^ pyKi, a qpesb to yMiioaaH bbost. cbohxi pocKoui- 

HUXl H npHXOTJBBblX'b TOBapOB^, I^^Hy HB HHX1> B03BKI1UaTL, 

a Hamy yHHHsaTb» *). 

Mh roBopHJH yme, noHeiay bbo3^ aparoi^tHHtixi Meiaj- 

MB% B'b FuCCilO HeCOMH^HHO AOJUKOH^ 6uji% cyu^ecTBOBaTb BO 

aecb paacMaTpiiaaeHutt Haim nepio^b. 

npaBmeibCTBO cbho aejio sHaMUTejibHyH) qacTb sarpa- 



a) Cm. CeMCHOB'ib, ton 1, cip, 6 

b) TaMt ae, ctp. 15, 39, 53, 57, 131, 133, 145, 161 h 167. 

c) KojiOTOBi», JifiaBiB EKaTepuHu II, tohi> 1. cip. 12. 






- 173 - 

HaqHoft TOproBJiH 'u ojiaTeani iiecoMHtHHo nojiyqajio cepe6poMi. 
RpoMft Toro n qacTHai^ sarpaBMnafl 'Toprosjifl sejiacb pyccEnvin 
oTirjun^HRaKa k K^tmjxiiLtL, Kodopuxi nejibda yase 6lijio 3aBa- 
^Mifth. HanpornB^ii, npB sanpefl^eHiH HHocTpaHi^aM'L Becxu BHyipH 
PocciH podimqHyio ToproBduo, ohh CKopte nonaAain bi* 3aBH- 

CHMOCTb 0T1> KaSHU H OTfiynll^HlROB'b. /IjtfiCTBHTeJIbHO TOJIBSO 

OAHH Aflrjffl^aHe h oTuacTH ToJiJiaHXi^u MorjiH BUAepsHBaib 
CTtcHenia; Torj][d fiasi APyria Har^ifl c^HiajiH ToproMio ci* 
PoocieK) ueBbfroAtibK) B orpaH:H<iuBaj[HCb opBM'b ipaHcnopxoM'b. 
lilepep^ n fi[lTopx% Tas'b oniicuBaiorb BbiB03Hy'M) lop- 
roBjiiD H3i> neiet^Oypra. PyccKie Kynii^ii ^31 BHyTpeHHHX'b ry- 
5epBifi HBJiflfliicb oSufi&obeHBo bi> H^^ajt smU bib nexepsyprii, 
AJifl Toro mo6u BA'bcb saRJiEO^HTb fiOHipaRTU ci hhoctp^h- 
HuvH ROMMHccio^epauii uofcTaBEt pyccEHxi npoH3BeAeHifl 

C.l^](!fE011tHM1> Jlt^OMl, T^El KaRl SOJIbmBH <ldCTb TObapOB'b 

XocT&Bjfl^acb ButuHdBOJroi^Mi isaeaioA'b. fioHTpaB(riiL Basjio- 
(icijtHCb tf fa pd3JHntfiaxl> ycJtOBiflxx : BifB BCfl cjibJiyeM^fl cyMka 
Aener^ yajraqimajiacb Hanepeftt, hjiu TOJiblso ^acib efl, ct> ycjio- 
fiieir^ ytrjiatSTb ocxajib'Hoie no Aocxato^ ToBapfa, Rd^opaa teorja 
nocjfbjtbfeate Toibisb tepeai *^ Bjrti 8 Mtc^i^eBi. ^tHu losa- 
poBi 116 paBJuk^iib h*rnbi% ycloBtfi xafifte pa3HiiJuicb ea 8 uSh 
10%, T. ^. ToAapH, si 'Ko'roptife yuJiaieba fianepeAli bca cyAMa 
cnojfea, DpbAaBftJiHCb aa 8 bjTh ld% A^itaeBJie, ^'feii'b toBipu, 
no Kotopi^liirb yiwa^eHa T0JibK6 ^acTb cyMMU BnepoAi ftpeftA^* 
roBopHTb niTopxi, ^oHxpaKTH 3aKJitoiaiD4(il>, 6e3t ^cfiito^ettlH, 
nepauM^ 60000601111. Tojibeo nojiy^HBHiH jifiBhviA BnepeA'b ox:b 
HHocxpaHHuii ROMiTHccioHepoB'b, pyccfiie Kyni^ii saEybajm npo- 
AYExu BHyxpn cxpaHU. Dlepep'b npHOaajLaerb , ecjn pyccsitt 
Kynei^ii qejoai^E'b qecxHufi, — owb Aepasajii cjiobo ; ecjui n^Tb, 
•^ xo Hcqe3aj['b bmI^cxI^ €>!> soaxpasxoM'b h hc flBjaJca Oojibme. 
BB03Hafl ToproBJiH, no Dlxopxy, npoflcxoAHja uijsjiom.miL'b 
oSpaaoitb: HnocipaHnue TOBapu npnBOBHjmcb or^acxn no aa* 



— 174 - 

BaaaM'B pyccBHX'B Ryni^oB'B, BOTopue ci BTOto i^ibh) o6pa- 
Diiajiiicb Bi> HiiocTpaHHBiMi> soMMQCcloHepaMx ; a oxqacTH bei- 
CLiJiajncB na ROMMHcciio bthhi me BOMMHCcioflepam. YnjiaTa 
npoHcxopjia He paHBme 6, 12 ii 18 Mtcai^eBi, n i\tEhL na- 
3Ha<idJiicb coo6pa3HO ci> oicpo^Boio ynjiaTU ^). 

Mu HaxoAHM'L AOBasaTejiBCTBa y H^EOTopux'L nHcaTejefi, 
^To HHocxpaHHue Bym^hi lepnibjifi 6oja>miH cTicHema, h ?to 
HaiipoTHBX pyccBie Byni^Li h oxBynn^ium nojyMJiH Gojbmie 
SapuniH. TaBi> ntepGaTOBx rOBopmi, qio «BunycBi xjitGa bi 
^yffiie spaa He tojl ecxb Buro/ieHii pa seMjeA^JDbi^eB'B, eoto- 
pue CL MaJUHi* BOdBUQieHieMii i^^h^ cboh npoHSBeAeaia npo- 
J^M)T^] o6oran^aH)Tca Tiwb epHue xyni^bi, A^iontie Bnepeji 
aaflaiBH* ^). 

TOMi>, ^To HHOCTpaHip ^OBOjiBCTBOBajiHCb He6ojbimaii 
6apiimiaHH mu naxopM'L CBnA'bxejibCTBO y EoioxoBa: cnpona- 
BOAHMaa HaMH m^b ctBepnuxi* nopxoB'b bi Eapony xoproBia, 
ecxb xoproBJifl cxpaAaxejibHaH:^, roaopHxx oh'b, c]i6o noqxn Bct 
HaniH xoBapu BUBOdaxca na qysHxii BopaOjiaxi n sa c^erb 
HHOcxpani^eB'b : ho saB'b AarjeqaHe h APY^e EaponeftcEie na- 
poAu no cBfl3n BOMMep^ecBaro nx'b MopenjiaBama noBynaa aa 
Mi^cx'b xoBapu HjaxflX'b HaMx xasia h^ku, BaBOBUxx oxnpasua 
Ha CBOHX'b Eopa6j[flX'b h 3a co6cxBeHHufi cqex'b e^Ba m 6bi 
Poccifl Bi reHepajbHOU'b pac^ext npioOptxaxb Morja: to h 
MosHO 6b[ 66311 3aBucxH npeAOCxaBHXb nwb MejEie BuroAU co- 

npflAeHHUe Cb MOpCBHM'b H3B03HHqeCXB0M'b> % 

HaBoaei^i BpeAHXi, BOxopHft saaajiH HHOcxpaHitu pyccKHM'b 
Kym^aMi ae Mori* npeAcxaajiaxb ocoGohhijIxi^ bbitoa'b : « bbsaY «> 



a) Cm. Storch, Cours d'^conomie politique, lowb 4, CTp. 91 b Scherer, 
TOITB 1, CTp. 114. 

b) Cm. co6. coh. K. IE(ep6aT0Ba, crp. 88. 

c) KojioTOBi, A'^AHie fisaiepHBU II, loirb 4, oxp. 321—322. 



- 175 — 

cf66oTy» , roBopHTb II][ep6aT0Bi> , cqyHecTpaHHue Eym^i xo- 
AflTi B'L IIeTep6yprt ho rocTiiHHOuy ABopy, coSnpafl CEOJibRO 
MosHO 3a npoAaHHue loaapu, c'b AOJiffiHHEOB'B CBOHXii ^). Cbh- 
AliiejibCTBO npHBeAeHHux'b iigcaiejiefi othochtch yse coScTBenno 
Eo BpeMeuH i^apcTBOBaHiu EKarepHHU II, ho hI^t'B HHEaRHXi 
ocHOBaHifi npepojiaraTb, ^to6u bi* npeAinecTBOBaBmifl i^apcTBO- 
Banifl nojoasenie HHOcTpaHHUx'L Ryni^OBX 6ujo Buropte; ua- 
npoTHBi>, Bi i^apcTBOBanie ERaxepHHU yise He 6ujio HOHonojiifi 
H oTRynoBB, H HHOCTpani^u nojyqHjH upaBO caHHSTL npoH3BO- 
mh poBHHqnyH) ToproBJH), cjii^A^BaTejibHO npio6p1^j[H 6ojite 
caMocTOflTejbHoe nojioiBeHie na pyccROM'b puHRt. 

Mu MOffieMii HO dTOMy CRasaib, mto naccHBHbifi xapaRxepi 
Ramefl BHtniHett ToproBJiH oti 1700 ao 1762 roAa Majo Hon 
BpepTb BuroAHOMy loproBOMy Cajancy. 

BbiJiH Apyrifl npHqHHbi, A^BcTBHiejibHO yMeHbuiaBmifl ro- 
meiriBO GaaropoAHLiX'b HexajiJiOB'b Ha HameM'b MeiaJiJiHtie- 

CROn pUHRt. 

TaE^ cyqecTBOBaBmafl h padBHBBBUiaflCfl ROHTpaSaaAa 
xorja B'L 3HaqHTejbHoil cieneHH noApuBaxb AOCTOB'^pHocib 
4HcjioBux'L ASHHuxi OTHOCHTejbHo OajiaHCB BarpaHHqHofi Top- 
roBjH H BB03a MeTajioBi B'L Pocciio; xoTfl BLIB03L cepe6pa 

H 3AtCL He MOFL OblTb OCOSCHHO BOJIHRL, laRL RaRL BCRCeJIb- 

Huti fiypcL Bce tbrh ociaaajicfl bufoahuhl a«sh Poccjh. Mm 
ynasajiH yae, qio, bl pa3CMaTpHBaeMuft naMH nepioAL, roh- 
Tpa6aHAa ho Morja nojiyqHib uiHpoRHXL pa3M*poBL. npeAMexH 
pocRouiH, cocTaBJTflBmifl naBHyio cxaTbio ROHxpa6aHAHaro BB03a, 
6uju eu^e bl MajoML ynoxpeGjieHiH, h xojbRO pasBt bl rohi^'6 
i^apcTBOBanifl EjHcaBexbi mofjih xpe6oBaxb snaqflxejibHofi bu- 
cujrh MexajiOBL h3l PocciH. EpoMt xoro^ na pflAy cl roh- 

1^pa6aHAHLIML BB030ML paBBHBaJICfl TaRffiC H ROHXpaOaHAHblft 



a) Cm. co6. coh. K. niep^aioBa, cTp. 137. 



- 176 - 

BBiBOdii Hamnx'b TOBapoB'L sarpaHoi^y, n cj^A^BaTeuHO yHeeb- 
maji^ noxepH Hamero veTajjiHqecKaro puHsa. 

HaBOHei^i) BpoMl^ ROHipaSaHAu, Bpepx-b bo MHoraxi cjy- 
qaaxi Mon ycTi»aHflTb HeoSxoAHkocxb nepecujEH 6jaropo;(- 
Hux^ MexajjioB^ cjitAOBaBiimxi no xoproBoiy Sajiancy, a 
xaRse MaxessH sarpaHHi^y bo BpeMfl 60&H^,^-^nyxemecxBifi^ no- 
cojibCXBii n X. A- 

?xo Eacaexcfl xoproBaro Kpepxa, xo ohi> He HorL Ha 
xaRoe npoAOJLSHxejbHoe BpeMfl yiiHqxoasaxb snaqeuie BuroAHaro 
xoproBaro 6aj[aHca oxnocuxejibHO npuB03a SjaropoAHUi'L ire- 
xauoB^^ APyrHX^ EpeAHXHUX'b cAl^JioRb, Kasi rocyAapcxaefl- 
Huxi xa£i H qacxHuxb, bi> xo BpeMfl eu^e ne 6biJ[o. ^xo me 
Bacaexcfl boShii h Boo6u^e sarpaHnqHbix'L ujaxe^efi, to o6i 
BTOWb Mu GyAeMii roBopHXb uocjt. SA^cb se orpaHH^iici 
aaMtqanieM'L , qxo njiaxesH eauiH sarpanHity, A^ficxBHxejbBO 
oxxflrHBaju Ha apoMa pyccsyio Monexy, ho aa aecb paacia- 
xpHBaeMufi HaMH nepioAi* mu anaeM^ xoj&bo oauhii ciyqafi, 
EOXAa BeKcejbHufi sypcb na Pocciio uaji HHse iiapn. 

U xaK'b He cMoxpfl na bcI^ npHqunu yMenbniaiontifl saa- 
qeflie BuroAHaro xoproaaro Sajaaca oxHOCHxejibHo Mexauaqe- 
caaro puHKa Poccin, mu MOseMi noBxopnxb caoe o6n^ee aa- 
Ejuoqenie, qxo bi xeqeme acero paacMaxpuaaeMaro naMH ape- 
MeHH, aa HeMHorHMH xojbRo HCHJioqeHiflHH , aaMl^qaexca no- 
cxoflHHuft npnjuiB'L GjiaropoAHUxi MexajuoB'B ai Poccia) no- 
cpcACXBOMii aarpannqHofi xoproBJu. 



TjIABA TPETbfl. 

Ao6BFza aoaoTa h oepe6pa b% Pooois 0% 1704 

no 1762 roA^. 



Ci Ileipa fiejiHKaro na^HHaeTCfl nocTOflHHaH h npasHiB- 
Haa pa3pa6oTRa aaioTuxi h cepeSpflHuix'L pyahhrob'l b'b 
hm. Orapue cepeOpaHHue pyahhrh aa MeABtsbeMi ocipoBlb 
Btiaro Mopfl 6uj[H .uoTonjeHu nocjilb HeanauxejiBHofi AoGuqH *). 
£iiie B^ 1491 roAy oiBpuxa 6uj[a cepeftpflflHaa py^a bouj^ 
fleqopuy HO paspaOoTRi^ ea, oG06eHfio wh XYIII BtE'b, MibrL 
HnKasHxi CBtAtnlft. 

fii 1704 roAy otRpmu Hepqancsie, bojoto h cepe6po 
coAepsanue, CBiai^OBue pyAHHSH, h cb eforo BpeiieHH paspa- 
fiaiuBajHCb nocTOHHHO, xoTH He CB OAHHaBOBiiM^b ycnixoHX. 
Uljiei^epx roBopHTi) uto ci 1704 no 1751 roxB Bcero ao- 
6uTo 6uj[o 587 nyA- 7 oyHX. 54 aoA. cepe6pa^H3i» Eoxoparo 
He ouuio pasAl^iepo 30J[OXo; ho c% 1752 no 1783 roAi* npi- 
BeaeHo 9740 nyA. 7 o. 49 aoj. qncxaro BOJioxHCxaro cepeOpa 
H fill Ilexep6yprjk pasA^eHO 28 nyA- 8 «. 34 304. 30Joxa^). 
3aB0AU dXH npHHaAJeaaJH RasH'b. 



a) 0630p'b ropHolt npoHaBOAHTeji&HOCTH PocciH K. B. HeBXHBa h A. A. 
OaepcKaro. C6op ciai. Cb. o PocciH. Kh. I 1851 r. 

b) iSchlozer. Mfinz - Geld- und Berg werks - Geschichte dee Russischen 
Kaiserthums von J. 1700 bis 1789. Heist auB Urkunden beachieben. Gdt^en 
1761, cTp. 171. 

8 



— 178 - 

Ho o^OHipajiBHUM'L CBtAtHiflHi, co5paHHiiiHi> y nioAyapa^} 
AoGuL^a B3i» roAa bi tokl npeACTaajifleT'L ci^Ayioiipfl Aiiopu: 



roAJj 


Cepe6pa 


BeovmieBBaro 


TOMH 


Cepefipa 


■eovuiil< 


BHHATO 

aoji. 


Tom 


Cepedpa 


ueommufn 


«BUO 


TTTA 


•7H. 


aoji. 


nTAH 


1 ATH. 


ixrm 


•7B. 


201. 


1704 


^^ 


1 


24 


1724 


6 


10 


31 


1744 


14 


37 


30V* 


1705 


1 


22 


36 


1725 


3 


9 


61 


1745 


16 


39 


93% 


1706 


3 


19 


17% 


1726 


1 


13 


48 


1746 


.16 


3 


51V. 


1707 


5 


7 


37 


1727 


— 


4 


38»,, 


1747 


35 


2 


67 


1708 


5 


26 




1728 


— 


23 


15 


1748 


71 


6 


6 


1709 


2 


3 




1729 


1 


21 


81 


1749 


82 


7 


94 


1710 


8 


3 


62 


1730 


— 


35 


— 


1750 


81 


32 


18 


1711 


8 


14 


71 


1731 


— 


— 


— 


1751 


39 


27 


2 


1712 


11 


4 


6 


1732 


— 


— 


— 


1752 


51 


7 


69 


1713 


11 


26 


14 


1733 


— 


— 


— 


1753 


100 


25 


29 


1714 


11 


30 


54 


1734 




28 


48 


1754 


51 


35 . 

1 


86 


1715 


2 


16 


39 


1735 


1 


14 


70 


1755 


139 


« I 


S6 


1716 


12 


3 


A^ 


1736 


2 


14 




1756 


126 


« ; 


4 


1717 


15 


13 


72 


1737 


4 


4 


38 


1757 


100 


? 1 


^\ 


1718 


10 


9 


3 


1738 


3 


19 


59 


1758 


134 


34 1 


21 


1719 


5 


6 


4 


1739 


7 


24 


78 


1759 


137 


7 ' 


44%, 


1720 


4 


1 


82 


1740 


13 


17 


39 


1760 


149 


14 


23V, 


1721 


5 


32 


84 


1741 


12 


20 


11 


1761 


143 


13 


45% 


1722 


10 


4 


72 


1742 


9 


32 


90 


1762 


176 


3 


67 


1723 


7 


17 


80 


1743 


15 


— 


6 


1 




1 





flo aroit TaOni^ft buxoahti, «iTO cb 1703 na 1763 r. 
BRjiio^HTejbHO Ao6uTO cepefipa Heo^Hii^eHHaro 1,892 nyx. 36 
«yHT. 66 30JI. 32 a« H£rb ToqEUxi a^hhuxi, ROHoe kojii- 
^ecTBO ^HCTuxi MeTajiJiOB'B nojiyqeHo aa Bce BpeHfl*, ho no 
IIIoAyapy cl 1700 no 1756 roA'b nojiy^eno qncTaro aojioTa 
5 nyA. 11 oynTi 63 aoji. 42 a- h 2,343 nyA. 12 4>. 36 3. 
77 A* TOCTaro cepe6pi flsi 1,425 n. 23 o. 19 aojL 12 A- 
HeoqEn^ennaro cepeOpa. G^HTaa sojioto bi 15 paa'B Aopose 



a) 06o3ptRie pyccKHX'b Aenelrb it uttoctpaflatttib ko&efb, ynorpediflB- 
mxxcA tn* Pocciii o% jtpeBHHXi BpeMeBi. CoHHBeHie 6apoHa CTaHHOiaBa Ae-DIo- 
Ayapa. Co6paBie u3o6patteflift. CIt6. 1837 roAa. UepeBOAi ci •paHnyjicaro BJk, 



- 179 - 

C6pe6pa, a cepeOpo gqj^HiiBafl wh 960 py6. ujn'h^ nox^wwh^ 
4X0 30iOTa Ao6uTO noqTH Ha 76,180 py6. , a cepeSpa Ha 
1,289,576 py6.; BMtci* Ha cyMMy 1,365,700 pySjiefl. 0^t- 
uHBaa AoSu^y 3a ABa. nocjl^pie rop bi 469,820, nojiy- 
vBHi o6ntyH) cyMiy bii 1,834,500 py6. 

%o RacaeTCfl H3AepseE^ npoHSBOACXBa, to mjiei^ep'L to- 

BOpHTL, qiO HXl HOaEHO npHHHNaTb B'L 50%, HO HpH dXOM'B 

BM^HCJieniH npHHflTO bo BHBBiaHie to o5cTOflTejrbCTBO , qro pac- 

XO^U BeJHCb M^AHOH) MOHeTOfiD, B n03AHte aCCHTHaiQfllllH. 

Bi i^apcTBOBanie ERaTepnHU II npH bthx'b 3aB0Aaxi» cw* 
laiocb AO 2,000 MacTepoBUX'L JiOAott h ao 13,000 npHHHC- 

HUX1> KpeCTbflH'L ^). 

He cMOTpa Ha to, 4to c^b Te^enieii'L Bpeuemi pyAHHRH 
5^l^tj[n, paspaOoTKB pasmBpHjacb nocTenoHHO, oco66hho bo 

BTOpofi HOlOBHHt XYIII H Bli HB^aJlt XIX B'bRa. 

Gi» 1754 roAB naqajw paspaSaTKiBaTbCfl BepesoBCRie py- 
AHHRH Ha ypaii, Bi 15 BopcTax'B otb ERaTepHHeHSypra, co- 
Aepasaqie SHJibHoe sojioto. PaapaOotRa dTHX^b pyAHHROBi ao- 

CTHFJCa BOpoqeH'b 50J[%e BHaWTOJIbHUX'L paSH^pOBl TOJDbRO B'L 

UapcTBOBaHie ERBTepHHU II h ocoSohho B'L Haqajt HUHtmHflro 
B'bKa. 3oj[OTo nojyqajocb na bbboabx'B He coBctMi qHCTumi; 
OHO coAepsajio oT'b 7 ao 87o cepe6pa, h HtcROJibRO sej[t3a; 
Ha MOHeTHoifB ABopI^ wb IIeTep6ypr£ ero npHHHMajDiH no 2 p. 

60 ROn. 30JI0THflR'L H 3AtCb OH^e pa3'b oqHH^ajiH ^). 



a) CM. Schlozer, MUnz-Geld undT Bergwerks-Geschichtc. Ctp. 172. 

b) Schtoreh, Gem&lde, 2 t., np 6. 



180 - 



no TaOim^ QIoAyapa ero noxywiocb: 



rOAH 


3ojoTo BeoHHmeHHoe 


30J0T0 HHCTOe 


Gepeopo vcroe 


OTA. 


•7B. 


3. 


A 


UTA 


•7B. 


3. 


A. 


H7A. ATH. 


3 U 


• 

7751 




16 


59 


54 


^^^^^ 


14 


52 


11 


— 1 


86 {79 


1755 


— 


9 


46 


54 


— 


8 


28 


7 


1 


8 132 


1756 


— 


2 


— 


70 


— 


1 


72 


61 




— 


22 


8 


1757 


— 


29 


5 


24 




25 


40 


57 


— 


3 


31 


57 


1758 




1 


88 


48 


— 


36 


65 


42 


— 


4 


77 


9 


1759 




— 


46 


22 


— 


35 


40 


43 


— 


4 


61 


28 


1760 




22 


l4 


22 


1 


14 


62 


67 


— 


7 


15 


9 


1761 




22 


64 


U 


1 


13 


: 30 


70 


• — 


6 |95| 


S3 


1762 




17 


68 


70 


1 


10 


:29 


9 


— 


6 


|69: 


80 



Htofo Bi TeqcHie 9 lirb nojiyqeHO bsi 8 ny ;|. 2 ^yiL 
12 30 j[. 2 n. Heo^imteHHaro Meiaua 7 nyx. 37 301. 79 n. 
qHCTaro soioia, 36 oye. 74 30jl 58 fiflieik qncTaro c^ju. 
npH6j[U3HTejibiio dOJiOTa Ha 100,900 py6., cepeSpa Ha &SOp, 
Bcero Ha 101,780 pyfijieft. 

Ha aTHXi saBoxaxi esexHeBHO pa6oTajio 1200 qeiofiin, 
roBopuTi • IIij[ei](epi», h, no ero BuqHOJieHiio , H3AepsfiH npoH3- 
BOACTfia npocTiipaiHCb Bcero xo 70%, ho ^fjboh on wm 
HpHHHiiaoTi) 90 sBaianifi He toaro fo oSraofraiLcrBO, w 

H3A(ip«KH 00KpU9MHPb PAffWO «0JK8T0n. HO H lUpfiJltoffid 

floxofl-L. SaBOAU ara ppuflaAiieffa^H t^io p^S^ I nepBOB^- 
qajbHo m 1000 ayAOB'b py/m AaaajiM 40, ^0 h $Q aoioTBfl- 
BOB-b qucTaro aojoia; BnocxbffiUBm ohh (vii^aiiic^ fiojrike 

oGHJIbHULHH. 

BoHi^Kifi pyAHHs^, Qjoflei^Rofi rydepQiH, Hpi( o^fipi^ Bun, 
ABBaj^ caHopoAHoe aojiOTO , M^Ab , caHopoAHoe cepeOpo, — ho 
Kb He3HaqHTejibHux'b EOJiaqecTBaxi. GTRpiirb 0H:b 6iui eiqe 
Bi 1737 roAy, HO Ra3Ha naqaja AoGusaTb h31 aero ciaqaja 
vLijfjb TOJibKo c'b 1742 roAa. Bi 1744 roAy boj^bo 6uio 
HMnepaTpHi^eH) EjiHcaBeiOH) DeTpoBHOio paapaSaxuBaTb 30JOTO, 
H A^ficTBHTOJibHO, cb 1745 FOAB HaqajBCb pa8pa6oTKa, bo bi 
HesHaqHTCJibuoM'b KOjiHqecTBt, ofixiopBmsiica x^poFO eb^, -* 



- 181 — 

oioiio 20 pySjeft sojiOTHm. Bb 1770 nfij sejrtiHa tvLM npe- 
ipaTHTb paapaGoTRy aroro pyxiBia, Roto^tfl enpo^evB no 
lOHqa CTOjftTiir B08o6HOBUja€B en^e pa paaa ^). 

Bi nepayie ptapaOoTiy oii 1745r no 1771 roffi ao5uto 
caHopoAHaro SMoia 1 njn. 21 oyn. 71 toyloTHmrit, cpeAHU'E 
veiovL n roAi» 2 oym. 62 Va souNrmBt; aribx<>BaTejibHo 
Ha 18 ATb an> 1745 ao 1762 roAa ipiniOAiHTCfl oemo 1 
nyxa H 8 ^ynoBi, oa cyMHy 17,280 py6i6tt« 

HeepaueHHo Bamate mfixt bthxi pyAnmon fitun Ko- 
imaHOBOCRpeceHCBie pyAHHKH vb AiTattannii ropaii. Ohh 
oripiiTH n% 1725 mat orqoii ypaibciaro ropiaro A^<^ia 
craTcnirB cofii^THnoirB AuMieii ^einiAomni'L ^). Caaqaja 
mpuTA 6fiiia UtAb, H Bi 1727 roAy aa 6epery osepa Rom- 
BaHH yerpoen ■%AHiuaraiBBiiS saBOAi ; hotomi OTapuru sa- 
BOW— DHiTencRitt^ BoeRpeceRORifl n BoroflBieHeiiit , TaaaRe 
MtjpQuaBHAHue. B'B 1732 roAy npoHSBeAeaa Shu HasHoio 
peuQia BTmfb adtOAOBi) ao oae a noort pemiii ociaBajoicb 
BO BiaAtBiH AeMHAOBa. Bi 1743 roAy OiaEai'L asi saaoAa 
niTeHrepi TpeteprL ex SoratiiHH ofipasi^aMa cepeOpaHaofi a 
3oioToi pyAu ; AeiiHAOBi, 6oacB qToGu o6pa3i(U 9th ae npoA'B- 
flBjeau 6fiiJtH Bi DerepSypri^ , nocntmajTL o^LBBaTb caMx. 



a) HyxemeoTBie Ak. H. OaepeiQcoBCKaro no oaepaMi JlaAOSCKOify, OBex- 
CKoxy H Boxpyri Hjii>MeHii. CO. IS 12 roAa. HsAaB, 2. CTp. 264, a Taxxe 06- 
sopi Fop. IIpoM. PoccIh rr. HeBKHBa h Otepestro wb C6. ct. ob. o Foe. Kh. 1. 

b) niieaep'B roiopuTB, hto AenBAOBt nojiy^jcb BaetCTie o lyAHBRaxi, 
xoTopue, no pacKAaaMi TaHOmnHxii jtHKapeit , aaioxeBU 6i>iJiB^ oi» neaana- 
MJUHuxii BpeMeHi HysecTpanitaMii, HaaBaHiiUHH odntHMi imeHeBrb ^a&d, ^Bt- 

POATHO MOHfO-jaMR), 8 nOTOHl 6lliH OCTllBjeBU. 

SchlOK'^r tfUnz-Geld. und fi.-Geschichte. Cip. 132, np. 2. cjL^naxT> 
xpeBHtftmelf pa:ipa6oTBH HeTajUiOBii vb GnCnpH roBopArb oohth BCt nyieme- 
CTBOBaBBiip BTi Cii^Tipb ABaAeuHKB, Ilajaci, JdenexHBii. 4obojibbo noApo6Ho 
lajioseHa nepBOiianajBaafl pa3pa6ona KojoiBaBOKHZi pyarrkobii b% XYin Bluet 
Bi nyremecTBiH AKaAeiuxa (DaiibKa. Cm. no4. Co6. ynea. nyrem. no Pocciif 
V 6, rj. XXIX^ &rf. 441 H fi4 



182 



Bi 1745 roA7 Hapflsena 5ujra ROMMHcia hm H3Ci%A0BaHiH, 

H 3aB0AtI 6UJ[H BSflTEI Bl Ka5HH€rB. 

Bi 1749 roAy naqajacb paspaSoxKa cepe6pa wh dvLimoi 
TOftj iioTOMi KOJiHqecTBo pypHROBi yBejinHJOCb , HO riaB- 
Ehswb ociaBaiOH SiAHHoropcBiti cGoraTtfimitt h3'b Bctxi, sasie 
TOARO SHaeri BoeMipHafl HCTOpiff» (lUjeAepi.). S^tcb jio6bi- 
Bajocb eseropo otl 1^2 Ao 2 mhulohobi nyAoeii pyju. 
nocji 3MtHHoropcRaTO^ jyquiHME pyAHHRaHH SujH GeiieHOB- 
CRitt H OHJUnmoBCfiifi ; Kb nocitjiflewb HattAeHU 6uj[h aim 
crapoft GoraioS paapaSoTRH. 

]ifimffiWh AonecB , qxo ero OeprMeflCTepi* BuoiaBHii 27 
oyKT. 18 30JI. cepeSpa. SoMMBCcifl, nocjaHHaa otl SaSiHeia, 
CA^Jiajia npo6u n Bucjajia bi DeiepSypn 44 ny^a 6 •far. 
11 30J[. cepe6pa, b'b ROTopoMi coxepsajrocb 15 4)yHT. 38 3di. 
57 A- wcTaro dOJiOTa h 41 ny^ib 19 «yHT. 83 30j 1 m 
ucTaro cepe6pa. 

/^ajibHiitinaR RaseHHafl paspaSoraa, no lUoAyapy, A^aja: 



roAH 


Cepe6pa HeoHHmeHHaro 


3ojioTa ^HCiaro 


Cepe6pa ' 


iHcra 


A- 


HTA. 


«7H. 


a. 


A- 


nTA 


•TH. 


3. 


A. 


nYA. 


«7H. 


3. 


1745 


44 


6 


21 




^^^ 


15 


38 


57 


41 


19 


83 


1 


1747-1748 


237 


13 


33 


2 


3 


37 


95 


43 


205 


4 


41 


52 


1749 


309 


22 


27 


40 


6 


2^1 


10 


63 


268 


28 


24 


34 


1750 


209 


29 


84 


36 


4 


18 


17 


24 


179 


11 


3 


32 


1751 


366 


34 


84 


36 


7 


24 


79 


34 


309 


27 


37 ] 64 


1752 


304 


25 


74 


— 


8 


15 


56 


83 


266 


10 


13 


79 


4753 


310 


26 


94 


48 


10 


12 


44 


54 


264 


15 


51 :32 


1754 


334 


19 


15 


— 


10 


14 


•iO 


44 


280 


3 


29 ;73 


1755 


303 


21 


45 


36 


12 


3 


23 


72 


269 


36 


65 46 


1756 


321 


17 


95 


— 


10 


19 


53 


1 

25 


290 


28 


94 II 


1757 


222 


30 


80 


— 


7 


1 


48 


79 


202 


24 


55 66 


1758 


264 


2 


88 


.— . 


9 


16 


43 


83 


237 


22 


10 20 


1759 


273 


to 


11 


12 


8 


28 


45 


37 


24H 


24 


85 7 


1760 


264 


22 


16 




8 


31 


— 


51 


244 


14 


9 81 


4761 


333 


20 


84 


48 


8 


17 


84 


94 


314 


36 


89 88 


1762 


405 


27 


4 


12 


12 


23 


41 


11'/, 


372 


4! 


31 . 


64 



Bcero cb 1745 no 1762 roA'b brjh) wtoaho , flsi 



— 18S - 

4,500 nyx. ll oyHT. 78 301. 42 ff. HeooqeHHaro Meraua, 
Ao6iiTO 129 nyx. 21 oyHT. 32 boa. 87 Aoieit qHoxaro soioia 
I 3,995 njA* 32 oyHT. 50 301. 88 pfiMi wcraro cepeOpa; 
crtAOBaTejDbHO , sojoTa Ha 1,765,300 py6iei, cepaCpa Ha 
3,936,000 py6., a Bcero na 5,701,300 pyCielL 

Illjeitepx cvnraerL HSAepsEH npoH3BO](CTBa na anxi 
pyXRBBax'b no^TH B^ 25%, npHHHMafl bo BHHMaflie, qxo ohh 
noRpuBajHCb MififM *). 6oraTCTB% pyAHBROBi BCRopi nocji'b 
wa oTEpurifl xoAHJUi caMue npeyaejoneHHue padesasu, cm- 

TaiH HXl HOBUM'L Il0T03H. /J^tfiCTBHTeiBHO Bl Haqaj'b OHH 

SuiH oco6eHHO oGhhiHU. Emfi b'b 1770 foabx'B oahhi ny^i 
PYAU jfflBBJTb 0TB 5 AO 6 30J0THHK0Bi> sojOTHCTaro copcSpa, 
HO noTovB pyAHHKH CA^JiajiHCb 6bnE^e. B% 1786 ro^y npH 
dTftii sHBOAaxi HBxoAHjrocb MacrepoBUXii noxeft 5,401, 04»h- 
AepoBi 56, RBHi^ejiflpcKHXi cjiysHTejieft 111, GaTaiioHi Boficxa 
H 54,000 npHnncHUx^ KpecTbflH'L. 

H TOEi B^ pa3CMaTpRBaeMuft HaMH nepioA'B jifl6mo b'b 
PocciB SjaropoAHUXB MexajuoBi: 





C 1 P 1 B P A 


3 J 


T A 

Ba cyMMy 


Htofo 




BtcoM'b BB cyMMy 


BtCOMl 


Baoyimy 


Urb Hep^HH- 
esoTb aasoA- 

HnbEvaiepB- 

BeR6ypr.HJH 
BepeaoBCK. . 

Hsi BoBmc. . 

1, KojuBaeo 
BocKpeceB- 

CKHXl . . . 


1,748 n. 24*. 
3,995 n. 32 %• 


1,389,500 p. 
+469,800 „ 

880. 
3,936,000 , 


6 n. 32»/, 

7n.%«. 
1 n. 8 •. 

I29n.2t%«>. 


76,100p. 

100,900 ^ 
17,280. 

1,765,300 , 


l,834,500p. 

101,700 . 
17,280 . 

5,701,300, 


UToro 

CO BCiXT» . . 


5,745 n. 14 •. 


5,696,380 «. 


144n.22«. 


1,959,500 p. 


7,655,000p. 



a) TepHBLli 3BC rOBOpBTb, HTO BBSBB BHflTplIBaja BB ROJUBBBCBBXI pyx- 

BBxarb 602,,,,%. Apync BuoviniBaju, hto PocgU mvb Cb6bpb nojiyHaen ao- 
•lOTo Ba 80, a cepe6po bb 5oVo AemeBie, «rtin» HcnaaiB nrb AMepflKaBCBBXi 
KOJioBift. Cm. SchlOxer CT. 170. 



- 184 - 

1ia% dToro ROHWCTBa seTauoBi bii nepBue 42 roxa 
XYin CTOjrbTifl AoGiiRO Bcero no 200 ny]Q)Bii leonneHHaro 
cepeGpft, Ha oyiiMj ffi 200,000 py6Jtefi, qxo sa 38 An ci 
1704 i&> 1742 ro^B oMTaBKb exeroAio oro^o 5 nyxosi, 
Ha cyMMy ao 5^000 py6. , — ufi^^ mhbikomi mamnsam- 
EBB^ HT(Au ORaauBaTb fla AeHeasHHtt pHHon sasoe EH^j^if^ 
BJUiHie. — Tc^KO Bi qapcTBOBaHie EiHcaBOTu IleTpoBffiii j|o* 
6mw soiOTa H C6pe6pa bii Poccii nojyqaex'L Sojibmie pa3- 
Mipu, HO H Bi dxo BpeMfl exeroAHufi npHiHBi HeiauoBi 
cpeprarb wcjioH'b. He npeBimiaeTL 400,000 pyfiiel Tafidji 
cyMMa.aseroAHaro npHOiBa ho Horja Minih m i^lbaiocTb mo- 
H6TU wb CTpaH& H BUsuBaxh 610031 eg HSi ?ocm. 

HsRepsKH npoiSBOACTBa no AoGuBamiD aoiOTa n ce^pa 
6Liai, fiBEX Mu BUA^Ut Ha GoibniBHCTfii^ aaBOAOBi, j[omm 
spauTeuHu; npHTOirb ho axoMy npeAMexy, mu ninBojiui 
BU^HCieHifl m^eitepa, Koxopufi npHxaex'L »Ha%Hie oco6o8 bu- 
roAU xoMy, ^xo H3Aep2KEH noRpuBajmcB Mi^poio mohcxoio. Ho 
HameHy HHi^HiH), axo hhcbojebro ho yMenbinajio H3AepBesii 
npoHSBOACxaa, xaRi» rbri rocyAapcxBO sji^bch BMibcxo niaTexel 

3B0I1£HM1> MexaUOHl , HOJIbSOBaJOCb CBOHM'b RpeAHTOMl; eciH 

se c^Hxaxb VLinvjK} moHoxy no HOMHHajbHOft eff n^Ei , t. e. 
no 10, 16 H A^se 40 py6. Bib ny^i^, a ne no 5 h 6, to 

ORBSeXCfl, 4X0 HSAepSRH npOHBBOACXBa , BfalCXaBJieHHlIfl HaiH 

no mjei^epy, na a^Ji^ ^hjih baboo 6ojiBme. IIpaBAa, rjiaB- 
H^Smie, BojoiBaHCRie pyAHHRH, Bce xbrh h npa axoMx ycjoBin 
ABBajni Sdnmyio poHxy, ho cpaBHHxejbHo neOoiBmie pasutpu 
eseroAHaro npnjiHBa, h MOHonojoa EasHu, A^ps&BuieS B'l cbohxi) 
pyBaxii Bc£ saaoAU} homr yBHMxosHXb BCHRoe Bjaanie ih3- 
RHXi HdAepxcRi npoHBBOACXBa na i^i^HHOCXb GjaropoAHUXb Me- 
xaiflioBi wb expaHft. OxHOOHxeibno HBACipses'B npoHSBoxcxBa 
cAfffetk emfi aani^THTb, qxo ircqHCJieHie nxi saxpyAHHercH 
vesAy npo^HMi h x^itb oficxoaxeibcxBoirL , tto paspafioxsa 



— 185 — 

pyAmiKQB'B npoHSBopjacb He CBofiopim Tpjj^m. K'e Ch- 
6ipcHii«i BaaeHHBiM^ aaBOxam mfi npH IleTpi^ BeiHROirB 
eeji^HO 6uj[o npiuiHcaTb cio6oau, cb EOTopuxi He BSiHajm 
noAyiHHoft HOAaTH A^niiraiiH, a aacTaBiflJoi sapaGaniBaTb ee 
Ha sasoxaxi. Bi jiftiBee Bpevfl BpecT&HHHHy ci JomaAbD 
3ac9HTUBajDi Bii f(fiBh 00 1 Kon., a 6631 JiomaAH no 5 Kon. \ 
Bi 3HiiHie se AHH no 6 n 4 Kon. Korna KpecTBflHe 0Tpa6a- 
TUBajH flOAyuiHyiD ooAaxb, to aa AUbHtimiH pa6oTU hvb 
MaTHJU aaA^bJbHUH A^HbrH. Easik hh Hi»a 6iua i^fiHHOcvb 
TpyAa Bx TO Bpevfl , npH tochoagtb^ RpftnoGTHaro npaaa , ho 
KaseHHUfl JS^EU^ cyntecTBOBaBHiifl na saBOAaxi, 6ua abmko 
HHxe jifiimB TorAauiHHxii puHoqHUX'b i^hi; t^mi ho Heute 
opaso ae 9Th RaseHHua i^%hu TpyAa na aaBOAaxx ocfaaa- 
iHCb AO EKaxepHHU II, aorAa, Bd^ACTsie HOBbix'b HajroroBi h 
o5a3aHHOCTH aapaOaTUBaTb HX'b no npesHHM'b i^ftHaMi, 61bA- 
CTfieHHoe flOJio»eHie npaoHCHUx'b ipccTbHHi o6paTHj[o na g66h 
BHHHaHie npaBHTCJbCTBa. 

B'b 1759 H 1760 roAaxi, ]^u pacnpocTpaneHifl Kojoi- 
BaHO-BOcapecencRHX'b , HepuHCRHXi h ERaTepHHeR6yprcRHX'b 
30JOTbix'L H cepe6paHHUxi RaaeHHUXi saBOAOBx, Bejitno 6ujio 
cpasy nepecejiBTb h npHnHcaxb wh Tim aaBOAaMi. 25,998 
Ayoi'b BpecTbfiH'B H OTCUjaTb Ha Hep^HHCRie saBOAU penpyTi, 
BSflTUXi Bii HpRyTCEoit o6jacTH. BpoHl^ Toro^ nJLfL yMHosemfl 
MHCJia paSoTOXi HasHaqeHo ci 1729 roAa oTnpaBJiflTb wb Gn^ 
5upc^ie RaaeHHue aaaoAU ROJOAHHROB'b , ocysAeHHUxii wh 

CCbUtRi HJIH Wb RBTopry H npiirOBOpeHHUXli Rl> CMepXHOfi H 
nOUTH^eCROft RaSHH "). 

DpH lasHX'b ycjOBiflx^ H3Aep»RH nponsBOACTaa a'I^tbh- 
Te.ibHO MorjiK RanaxbCfl MajiuMH. 

%o Raeaerca RasenHoit BOHonoJiiH oriocHTOJibHO no6ur 



a) Cm. CeueHOBi, o Pocciltcx. BBtm. Top. h xipoic., cip. 249. 



- 186 - 

Baeiff 30j[0Ta h cepeGpa, to ona BftpoATio ycTaHOBHiacE «aB- 
THMecRH, xaRi RaKi 3asoHOAaTej[BHUfl pacnopasemfl ratKin 
GOBepitieHHO iiHoS xapasTepi*. Bi 1700 roAj HSAaHi saiOHi 
npiHCBaHiH sojotbixi , cepe6pflHHUX'B \, Mi&puxi h hhuii 
PYAi*) fl HameAnieMy py^y oSibn^iHO BOBHarpasAeme. Kb 1719 
roAy, ex yqpesiieHieMi Beprb-RoueriH , npexocraBieHO npaeo 
RasAovy Ha co6cTBeHHlIx^ h aa ^ysHXi semiix'L HCKan i 
njiBBHTb BCHRie Mexaiuubi , yqpesABTb ropeue ROMnaHiH r to- 
BapHHiecTBa. OTUcsaBineMy b'b cbohxi bchuxi bojioto h ce 
pe6po Sojuerifl Morja BUAaBBTB nocoGie Ha CTpoeme. Go Bctxi 
qacTHUX'B Ao6uQi dojrora h cepe6pa npeAOOjaraiocb Bsaaib 
AecflTHHy H lasHa yAepxHsaja npaso npeaMyqecTBeRHot uo- 
RyflRR, no Ha3HaqeHHUMi> Bepri-Rouerieio i^i^Hamb. B^lW 
roAy pa3p%nieHo 6vlio Ryni^airb noRynaib AepeBHH ri> ropun 
BaBOABMii B'B 1727 roAy A03B0jeH0 RasAOify cboSoaho (me 
RHBarb 30jroTO ^ cepe6po n ap* Heiajjibi b^ OTAa JCHiHX'b it 
CTaxi 3a ToSojibCROHi, wb HpRyiCRoit EmfceftcRott o6iacTflxi. 
ycTpaHBaTb saBOAU, He HcnpamHBaa AaaRe, 3a OTAajcHHociiio, 
oco6aro pasptmeHia ; npaBHTOJibCTBO npn dTOM'b oTRasusaioci) 
Aaace oti npeHHyu^ecTBeHHott noRynRH n orb aocathhu na 
AecflTb Atvb CO ABfl y^pesAenifl sasoAa; 3anpen(eHo 6m 
TOJbRO saeoACRoe 30J10T0 h cepeSpo oinycRatb sarpaHHi^y. 
ycTaB0H^ 1739 roAa BMicTO nwwnwb h nomjraHii BejrtHo 
npflHHMaTb Bi Ra3Hy 30J0THHR'b 30joTa HO 1 py6 30 Ron^ a 
cepeOpo no 14 Ron!&eRi Jl^u padMHOsesifl Hep^HHCRHXi b 
Apyraxx pyAi, cepeSpo h sojoto coAepsan^BX'b, wb 1757 roff 

Bej'bHO H3UCKHBaTb BOJbHEIX'b npOMUUaeHBHROBl cHa6saTb 

Hxii Ha oepBbifi cjiyqafi 3aHMOo5pa3HO hsi. RasHU A^Hesfloio 
ccyAOH)^ «h6o ^acTHue jioah Kb npiHCR^ }^M ceOfl pyx^ 
npujiesHte nocryoaK)!!*, Hesejm RaaeflHue HCRaTeiH, h ^^ 
efl HaxoAflTi*. 

He CMorpH opano xe na Bct ara ibroTH, npeAOCTSBiw- 



.- 187 - 

MEifl 3ai0H0VB MaoTHott npoMuuijieHHOCTH no AofiuBamK) aojora 
H cepeOpa, bc% 3aB0AU iipuHaAxesajifl sa3Hl^ ; pa3pa6oTRH Sjia- 
ropoAHUx'E MexajiJioBi qaciHUMH Jui^aMH hu He BCTpiqaeifL ; 
6ojibniHHCTBO npHBOAHMUX'L HdMH BHcaxejieft Toro MHtflifl, qxo 
ee BOBce He 6uj[o. HensB'bCTHO, no RaRHMi» npn^HHaM'L oto6- 
pam Sbijih KojUBaHCRie saBOAu y ^eMHAOBa. FepHaHi roBO- 

pHTb, qiO OHH BSflTU OiUH UOTOMy, ^ITO TOFAH ^aCTHUfl JHI^a 
He MOrJH HMtTb HH 30J[0TUX%, HH Cepe6pflHHUX'L pyAHHROB'L. 

mjei^ep'L cnpaiiiHBaeT'B, He fiujo jh tbrofo pacaopflaRCHlfl iipu 
EjHcaBerft^ ho mu hb HaxoAHU HH^ero noAoOnaro. IIlTopxi 
npHBOAHTB HbROTOpufl A0Ra3aTej[i>CTBa wb jioj[b3y xoro, ^to 
y P^emiAOBa ero saBOAU Suu RyiiJieHU Ra3Hoio. BipoHTHte 2Re 
Bcero, MTO RaCHHei'L 3a yiaftRy oti najioroBi MOTajiJia oto6- 
pan y jI^eiiHAOBa jyqniie saBOAU — RojiuBaHo-BocRpeceHCKie, 
a BQocji^A^^BiH npH ERarepHH'b II h Hep^nncRie npaHaAJteasajni 
BaOflHeTy, h noTOMy ne yBejiH^HBaJH a^^^ cpeACxs^ Rasuu, 
a pa3B'b cnocoOcTBOBBJiu pa3BHTiio pocRoniH npH ABopi. 

H3i npHBOAeBHUx^ AftHHUxi ROJiH^ecTB^ 30JioTa H ce- 
peSpa Ao6u[Taro B'b PocciH bi^ pa3CMaTpHBaeHoe HaMH apeMfl, 
iiosHo BLiBecTH TO 3aRj[H)4eHie , MTO pyccRie sojioTue h ce- 
pe6pflHHue pyAHHRH no HesHaqHTejibHOCTR aoOu^h, He mofjih 
YAOBjexBopflTb noTpeSHOCTflHi pyccRaro MeTajurn^ecBaro punsa, 
a TaRse ne mofjih hmI^tl BJiifliia na i^tHHOcib OjiaropoAHUXi 
MeTajiJioBi n A^^eri* bi> Poccin. Cji^AOBaxejibHo pyccRifi He* 
TajijiHqecRiit puHORx^ oxuocHxejibHO i^'^hhocxh 6j[aropoABUx:b 
MexauoB'b HaxoAHJCfl bi saBHcnuocxH oxb eaponettcRaro Me- 
TajijiHuecRaro puHBa, h rjaBByio Maccy cepeOpa AOJUKeH^ 6uj['b 
nojiyqaxb nyxem* sarpaHHqHofi xoproBJiH. 

npHpan^enifl MexaJumqecRaro puHRa Poccin ^^pyrHMn ny- 



a) Cm. SchlOzer, Cip. 133., niropxi GemHlde, t. 2, cTp. 623, spHM. 4, 
a laKse nyi. AxaAeMHKa (Dajuxa. Crp. 453. 



— 188 - 

TflMV, RpOMft TOprOBffl H COSCTBBHHUX'B pyXHHBOB'b^ Han lUO 

nsBicTHU. H3T» 6ojiie Bpynnuxii i^r^p'^, HSBikCTiiax im, 
Mo»Ho yKasBTb c^tAyH)iqifl: bi 1713 roxy b38to cl Ix^m 
3a OTGiynjeHie BoficR'b h 3a x^poBame eiiy npasa Toproui 
Ha paBHt ci rouaHA4aHH h AfiFXH^aHaifit — 300,600 ryur 
jSfiHOWb'i ci raH5ypra 200,000 ryAxeiOB'b B'& 1733 nfj 
Hhhhx'B B3flj[i CB Aan^Hra HOHTpeSyipi) bi A^a MHMOflan- 
jrepoBTi. HaKOfl^qi na ipaRTaiy cb Anrjaei) bi» 1747 rojif 
Poccifl HMyvajia eserojpio 2,000,000 laiepoBii "). 

XOTff Hia H6 HMieMl OBtX^Hltl, BBIKW MIHqeCTBO JipaTQ- 

i^HHUx'b MeTajuoB'b ocT^aaiocb bb Poccih on» npesHtro spe- 
MeHHy saRoe sojoiqecTBO aojora h cepeSpa noipetouocb bi 
pa3j[HqHux'L npexHeTaxit, npoHib HOHerH^ rtm He mm^o io- 
mewb GfiasaTb) ^to rbitb 6li kh ^an BeiHRB mm nan px^ 
cRifi MexatSJiHqeeRiil puHORi, umfe^EmVb b% i^^(ntlkmai\ 
MeiaijaxTi Horja BOiiyqaTb nojHoe yxoBMTB^qpeHie, h Horoif 
i^i^HHocTb sojEOTd H cepe6pa vh PoeciH He Moua npexcTaBJUTi 
6ojBnniX'K n npoAOJSHTCAHUxi OTRioHeHitl ovib iibBHoe? H m 

Bl OCTa^bHOfi fiBpOHft. 



MM**fc*M^iMi 



a) „npH HMnepaTpHitb EjocaseTt IleTpoBHt saKjroHeH'b 6urb ipunn 
CTb Anrjiiefi, ^to6u PoccU coAepsaja Bcerjia roTOBUxi boHcitb aja Abtjdi 

OOpOITB TUCAq'S HeJOBibKl*, 0% oGtoaTdJIbCTBOMl AHTJIfl lUatHTb 00 XBA VHJ- 

jiioHa Dii Toxh Ha coAepxaHie HX'b) KOTopue e^nwtatMm Rpwmmamsu. Giaifimn 

exeroAHO luaTiuHCb a toibko eAHHOXAu 6iUH Bottcsa nocujaBU JIoctoIbo 

BOHCTHHy yAHBJiefliA , ^TO TOJB nOjiesHUA XoroBopii Mu 6aMB ofiiftBiuH ; en* 
3iiBaDTTi, HTo cle yvHReBo 6buo 6yAT0 6vi jum roro, ^io teaputioAuo Poedl- 
cKoit HMnepaTpBmft (EnaTepHBt U) 6paTb sajioBaabe on Abfju , 000611 cir 
sajiOBaHbe 6paJia HiinepaTpBua. Gie 6hmi cy6cHAU, h axo Aasb luaTiMta Ah* 
rjiiett paAH nojyHeHia sanumeHia ce6t orb PocciH Brb cjiy^at Byxau. H nn 
co«HCTHHecKHMi> paacyxAeaieiTb PoccLbl ceft nojuau jamnjacb, KOTopyv fse 
He fmttcM eft BOBBpaTiiTb.*' Cm. Pavnujt GoYHneBiit tmnH H. tt. H^eptfaioA 
cip. 84. 



TAkBk HETBEPTAfl. 



H OBOTHaa OHoreva vh PoociB orb 1700 ao 1762 roAft. 



•^Ayvyvyv^N 



A) UonemMH eduHWifl. 

Bi H9Y94^ xym fiiia MOHBTHoe x^o 91^ PocciH no- 
ay^iaerif cTporp perajpbHNitf xapasrepii a BH^cxft oi itM'b 
wiexca 9 AiMaa PVCTeva po^xaiiQBjentt, WPpap^eHHUX'B »a 
irouepsaflie HOHHHajii^qpji h^^^h^octh ivopTH, 9% B«Aax% yvpo- 
^eHJH RaseHHaro Aoxop, 

Ao Boftpu neTpa I CO HlBej^aifH ttopery qeisaBHTb MorJH 
fici 3oj[OTU¥> 9 pepe6p8BHfitx:L /ii4> woiepa no;^i> Ha^Ho* 
poMi npaBHTe^bCTsa if cb n^axes^M'^ ifomjom'^ b% RasHy. 
BnpoqeHi R^^aa iiMj^^a lasse n cboh iioqeitme juBopij, aa 
KOTopuxi* npo93BOACTB0 MOHexu OTAa9a4opii HHor/(a po noApa- 
im, qacTViiM^ ^HABMi. Moaeipue popu 6ujih caauajia TOJibRO 
Bi> MocvBt ^ a soTOMi n 9i» Uerepfiyprft. Ml^AH&a se ho* 
Hexa qeiaauacb BnocjiiACTBiH npeHMyn^ecTBeaHO bi Eaaxe- 
PHHeaGypri. 

Xoxa HftTi To^auu caftAi^Hift o xohs, Rorxa noojii^AO- 
Bajo aanpeqeaie qacxmiMi jiHi^aMi> saaniiaxBCfl blia^^jusoh) mo- 
fiexu, HO, cyflH no yaaay 11 Mapxa 1700 ro^a, ta* caaaaao : 
«BapeA^ 6yAyxi a^at^ na MocrbI^ A^H^rH xHCHeaufl, a ae 
UTua a He ioBafiHua», mosho Ay^axB, qxo auA^iaa Moaexu 



— 190 — 

qacTHUMH JHitaMH caHd co5oio npeRpaTHjacb, Tan Ran p 
qeRaaa ipeSoeajiacb yase sHaqnTejBHafl saTpaia sanHiaiOBi '). 

FjiaBHOio MOHeroK) bi PoccIh Bb Xym eiRt ocTajaci 
RaRb H npeasAe cepeSpflHaaff, ho NOHeTHOH) eAHHRi^eH) cj^iajcfl 
cepeSpHHHufi pySjB. 

HoBaa MOHexHaH cHcreMa c:b hoboio MOHexHOio ejummv^ 
aBHJiacL He cpasy, ho cRjaAUBajiacb nocTenoHHO no^THBosce 
i^apcTBOBaHie Ileipa BejHRaro. 

JIfi 1654 roAa cjobo py6j(b 03HaqaJ[o HAeajbHyio, cm- 
HyH) Moneiy, RaRi aanp. oyHTL ciepMHroB'L. 

B'L 1654 roAy I^apb AjeRcifl MnxafijoBHq'L, no cjfiaiD 
Boiwb CL IIlBei^ieK) h OoumeK), npHRasaj'b ^eRannTb pyfiiff 
Py6jH 9TH, no 3aMtqaHiK) IIIoAyapa, 6um coOctbcho KieAre- 

HUe MHHRH, HJLR B03B£OneHifl HapBI^aieJIbHOS I^HU ''J. 

B'L aio se Bpema cohmrh pasA'bJrflJiH na ]ifit b Ha nerupe 
qacTH, H oGxaBJiflH 9XH MacxH 6e3i» uMbwbMelk oxA^isff, fijet- 
MHjra H3i» HHxi nojxHHHHRH n ^exBepxaRH. 

XoAfl^eio se Honexoio h MonexHOH) eAHHHi^eio 6ujh eg- 
ni^fiRH H nojymRH, xoxa njioxott oopMu, hq GojbineH) ^acTiv 
qncxaro cepeSpa (96 npo6bi). Cxo xaRHXi KonieRi cociaBJHiH 
pySjib^ a cxo pyOjiett npH BaaHi rpo3HOMX atcHJH l6^Vsi 
oyHxa; BnocjTfeACXBiH xe, nepefli naqaJOM'b XVm BtKa, xoth 
npo6a H Bi^cb h^^croaro naii'bHHJincb, xaRi qxo no Bioiiihhit 
RontfiRH 6hjih 70 npoSw n BtcoMi no 14 p. 40 kod. bi 
©ynxt, HO Ao Bofinu Ileipa I co lIlBeAaMH cxo pyCjeft Bt- 



a) n. C. 3. T. 4 ^ 1776. Schldzer MilnE-Geld, nnd BcrgwcrksGe- 
Bchichte. Cip. 32. 

b) 06oaptHie pyccKHX-L Aenen h HHOCTpanniiiXTi MOHerB, ynoipeoi^" 
mRxcii Bi* PocciH cb ApeBHHXi BpeHeei*. Cii pHcyHKaHH h Ta6iHitaMH. Coy 
Heme 6apoHa CTaHHCjiaBa jie-nioAyapa, paacHoiptaHoe no npHsaaaBip r-B^ *' 
BHCTpa ^HHaHcoBii. Uep. cb «paHKyacKaro B. A. 0116. 1837. T. I| cip« !*>'' 



- 191 - 

CHJH Goumeio ^acTiio 1 1 o^yHTOBX ^). Mc^ BnpoqeM'L 6ya 
qpeaBU^aftHO HenpaBHjeffL , EaKi» orb pasHooOpaaiH moHeTU, 
laBi fl oTb HecoBepmeHCTBa bua^bh qacTHMMfl jHi^aMH. 
TtMi He neflte uapH pyccsaro HAeajboaro pyftja 6ujo domte* 
2 TBJiepa (eoHMEa) iuh oahitb qepBOHeqi. 

Qocjii 6iiTBU npe HapB£ aaqajDicb nepeHftHU bi MOHeT- 
Hoft CHcreMt, ROTOpufl Maio-no-Majy npuBejH Kb coBepmeH- 
HOMy HSMi^eemiD en. Caaqaja CTapufl RonftftsH Ha^ajiH nepe- 

DiaBlflTb H* WiaHlTL UOJITHHU , a Bl 1704 rOAy flBHJHCB 

oepBue nerpoBCBie pySju''). Kasii h pySu AieBci^fl MExaft- 
iOBHU, OHH coAepsau bi ce6% qHCiaro cepeSpa na nojoBHey 
leRbme npoTHBi HAeaAnaro pyOu, t. e. paBHfljHCb no co- 
Aepsamio Bcero 50 cepeSpaHHiiMX KonftJtsaM'B, 6uBniHMi» TorAa 
Bi» oOpameHiH; no MHtmio IIIoAyapa, i bth py6iH 6ujih 
tote oepeneqaTaHflue e«HMSH, a noroiy bI^cb h npo6a py6jiett 
saBflciAH OTb B'bca h npo6u[ mhheobI) hbi KOXopux'L ohh 

K^iSLCb. 

nepeneqaiRa emHROBii bi py6jui, CA'l^JiaHHaH ncTpoMi fi. 
Bi nepBue roAU XVIQ B^xa^ HBiflercfl «HHaucoBOH) M'bpoio — 
MuTb cpoACTBa na Bottai h npn tomi HfipoK) ne hoboio, 

BunycTHBmH bth pySiH^ Ilexpi I pftnuuicfl upiiBecTH h 
HOHeiHoe A'bAO bi HOByK) CHCxeMy. yaiie Vb 1711 roAy Be* 
«i&Ho 6ujio npiocTaflOBHTb Buji^My Mejusoft cepe6pflHH0fi hohctu, 
H <ieRaHHTb py6j[H 70 npoSu. HeHSB'bcTHO ci TO«iHocTiio, 6ujio 
u 9T0 pacnopflaenie npHBCAeno bI) HcnojiHeme wb 1711 roAy^ 
xasii Rail no MH'bHiH) IIIoAyapa ci 1704 no 1718 toa'b oco- 



k) Cm. nioAyapi, t. I, CTp. 122 h 161. Ho Ta6juiiiairb npHBeAeHHum 
OltAyapoirb bhaho, ^o oi 1664 no 1682 HeKaeHJiH cepe6pAHHyD KOHeiy no 
^ P* 21% Kon. wb •yurb, cb 1683 no 1696 neKaHUJiu no 10 p. 24 Kon. hi «. 
A Bi 1697 no 10 p. 84 V« ; Vb 1698 no 13 p. 16V» k. ; c-b 1699 no 1704 roAii 
00 14 p. 18 X. Cm. moAyapii, Co6panie H3o6paBceHifi Ta6. 6. 

b) Schl&zer CTp. 48. 



— 192 — 

Suii nepeifiHii bx Moneit Heaan^THo; ho bi 1718 ro;^ 
CA^iaHO OMTb noHflascHie AOCTOHHCTBa pySix, h ci sToro 
BpoMeHH pySjH nepecTanTB Sutb toabo nepene^aTafiBHii 
e^HMsaiiB, a BBJiflioTCfl GaMOCTOflTeiBHOH) pyccKon MOHeron. 

yBasoM'B 17 18 roxa 14 «eBpaj[fl HasHa^eHa npo6a py6ie^ 
Bofi MOHeru 70, a Bicb, xoth bi jKasi h ee 03HaqeirB, ho. 
no BuucieBiflMii inoAyapa, paBHUCH no^m I4V3 py&ia bi> 
o^yfiTi, HU iHCxaro cepeSpa b'b py6jit 4 soi. h 83 xoih*). 

Moaerb 6mb h bi» 9tot% pas'B noHisedie i^hbocth 
py6ifl BUdBBHO 6wL0 HOAaHioMi iionpaBHTb BaTpyAHHTeiBHoe 
^HHaacoBoe noiosenie, ho xenepb IleTpi BeiHBiit pinmcji 
iipHBOCTH B'b npaBHUHyH) CHCieiiy pyccBlfl A^HbrH, h py5jB 
CA^iajicfl MOB6THOB) enjiEBBfiio. 

Bb yHaat cBasaHo: cero 1718 ro^a cb 1 ^^epau }fr 
Herb MeiiSHXb He veRamiTb h qeKanu nepesecTb, a A^xb 
THCHeflUfl: py6ieBHBH, hoithhhhbh h rpHBeHHHBH filbiarb %n 
cepe6pa opoiHBb ceMHAecflTofl npo6u; ajiTUHHHKH h HOHifici 
j^tmTh Cb MJ^AbH) opoTHBb ipHwaTH ocbHofi DpoOu; a xBy* 
pySiesHBH flbiarh m^h soioia npoTHSb ceMHAecflTofl npo6ii; 
a MftxHUfl Aii^Tb noiynuoi lOHEifl, x&^u Bopaiib OTiHBaTb 
6hLA0 neibSB, h Kan cepeSpflflHUfl, xaRb h mAahuh no KpaHifb 
ooeqaiUBaTb, jtfl soiopuxb AonyciHib BOdHoasHOCTb ^). 

TaEOBa 6iua hobbh A^HesHafl cHCTeiia no nepBona^ajb- 
HUMb njanaHb IleTpa BejiHBaro. Xori cncTOMa ara noABep- 
rajacb BnocjiiACTBiH H3Mi&HeHiflMb h ycxanoaHJiacb ne CKopo, 

— CaMb OeTpb, RBRb yBHAHMb, 3HaqHTeJbH0 H3M%HHJ[b 66,— 

HO OHa nocjiysHJia ocHOBanieMb HOHeiHoft cHCTexu, cyqecTByio- 
mfii Ao HacTOfl^aro BpeiieHH. 



a) Do nioAyapy buxoahtl B'b hoboki* py6jit 4 a. 87%| aojh iHcraro 
eepe6pa. ^ 

b) n. C. 3. T. 4 ^^ 3148 H 3163. 



— 193 — 

Mu orpaHmHAiicb yBaBaHiesi'L riaBH'bfiniHxi nepei^Hii b% 

MOHGTHOMl fl^luA ^0 1718 TOAa, He yKaSUBBfl HQ OTA'&JUiHUfl, 

uacTflEifl pacnopflseiiifl. MesAY t^mi diHifn oxAftJibHUMH ne- 
pcM^HauH noAroTOBJiflJiacL HOBaa MOHOTHafl CHCxeiia. H ao 1718 
roAa qeiaHHjm py6.iH, dojithhu h iiejEyK) cepe&pflHHyio mo- 
Hery ; 6ujih BunynteHU Taiuse h mI^ahuh HfiBhTE ; ho bc£ bth 
nepeMJ^Hu hmI^idtl 3Ha<ieHie nepeMtH'B ^acxHUxii^ BUSBaHHUX'b 
HorpeSHOCTflMH AHfl, HAH SO npeACTaBJifliOTi> ohutbi coBAaxb 
iioByio cHcxoMy, nojyqHBmyiO) sasi mu bha^jih, xouko b% 
1718 roAy nouyio opraHHsaip). 

Gi BBeAemeMi HOBofi MOHexHoft oahhhi^u, nysHO 6ujio 
BCK) MOHexy, naxoAUBniyiDCfl b% o6paH^6Hui, npiaecxn bi OAHy 
cHcxeMy. Ai^Jio 9x0 6uio cjiosHoe, xpeOoaajo MHoro BpeiieHH 
B GojBniHX'L cpoACXBi, a noxoMy ne xojilko cairb Ilexp^b Be- 
SBXA He ycH^jTB ofiOHqHXB ero, ho oho aaxanyjiocB Ha MHorie 
roAu H npH ero npeeMHHRaxi. OpHBeAeme Bceit mohoxm b% 
o^fiy CHCxeuy saxpyAHflJiocB eqe n noxoiiy, qxo kbrii eam 
flexp'B, xafix H ero npeeHHHSH A^jaJH oxcxyuieHifl oxi nepBO- 
flaqajiLHaro njana Moaexnofi cHcxeioi. 

He CHOxpfl OAHaBO se aa ace axo^ MOHexHaa eAHHHii[a, 
ycxaHOBAeHHaa nexpom fieimuiM'B, ocxaaajracb noqxH HeH3- 
HtHHOH) Ao £BaxepHHH II. TaiTb, npH EaaxepHHi I yAepsaHU 
SiuiH xfe ase npo6a h bI^cii a^ pySjieaoft mohoxh, h xoxh bii 
1726 roAy bcjiI^ho 6iuo Ghxl pySjieByio Monexy 72 npo6u, 
ho 9Ta nepeMftna b'l MoaexHoft eAHHHi^t Bipoaxno ne npHae- 
Aeaa 6uja b'l HcnoiHeHie, xaEii ebbi bi cji^Ayioqesfb roAy 
ooHXB BOJii^Ho Gbuio 6hxb py6jH H nojiypySm oSuKHOBeHHoft 
npo6u "). 

npH IIexp:& II yAepsaaa Sujia Sesx nepeM^Hi MOHexnafl 
CAHHHi^a, a AJtfl npHBeAenifl mohcxu b'l OAny CHCxeMy npcA- 



a) SchlOzer. Cip. 93. HIoAyapi, t. I, cip. 171. 



— 194 — 

noiaraiocb BmynHTL bck> cepeSpflrayi) MOHery , Sffryio jo 
1721 roAa *). Bi Hawaii i^pcTBOBama Ahhhl loaHHOBm lo- 
HCTHaa eAHHHi^a ocraBaiacb 6e3i» nepeMftHU, ho noron yia* 
3aMH 22 flHBapi i 23 Mapra 1731 roxa aeitHo 6iuo Shti 
cepe6pflHHyio MOHexy, ^ase Memyio, 77 npo6£i; Bfbob mem- 
BEmewb 6un no 15 p. 84 Kon. bi ^yarb, cjiAOBaxejbBO 
qHCTaro cepeSpa bi py6ifi 4 bojt. h 82% j^ojdi. Sa^cb ni 
BEjsjanh nepcHfiHy to aro wb npo6% h Bfbcl^ ; aoctoiictbo te 
MOHeTHoft epHmpi ooiaiocB no^rn HeHSM^HHrnrB, Tam tto 
Bi oGpan^eniH coBepmeHHO ho 6um HHRaKoro pasjoiwi lowy 
npesHeiD RpyoiOK) cepeCpflmoiD mohotoio h hobod. Bi iiap- 
CTBOBaHie Ahhu loaHHOBmi coBepmeni Gun 6ojibinot n^ 
qoKaffb npesHett MOHeru, oco66Hho MBJSoft cepeOpaHHol; ^ 
pySiH H nojmmu 77 npoSu ^). 

B% nospfiftnrifl i^apcTBOBaHlfl MOHOTHafl eAHHnqa ocrm- 
jacb 663% HSMtoeHifl. MoHeia, 6HTafl npH loaHHt AHTOfiOBiA^ 
6£ua BCfl HsiiflTa nai oGpantemfl npi EucaBert. HaKOHeq> 
npi Oerp'b HI bi 1762 roxy bojAho 6wlo nepeqefiaHHTb bcd 
MOHery, SHiyK) ci» 1700 ro^a- 

mjiei^epi roBopHTb, qro axa nocii&AHflfl nepeA^na san 
cepeOpflHHoft, Tasi h Hfipott MOHexfii npeppHHura 5iiia 
nexpoMi ni wb BHAy boHhu ci» KaHieio. Ha stohi ocHOBani, 
nijiei^epi npHXOAHJi wb saKiioqeHiio , mso aoctohhctbo noBot 
MOHOTU 6uj[0 xyAmee, xoth wl ysasaxi h ho csasaHO im^ 
opo6'b H bAoI^ HOBoil MOHOTU. IHoAyapi BSBftrnHBao h Ha- 
men, qxo sftci pySieil Hexpa III paBHaeTCH noqrH 16^%? 
py6j[fl Bi o^yHTi. Ho oto apHAi JS cnpaBeAJiHBO* flo ^^ 
H^paHi, KOTopufl conpoBoiKAaJH 9Torb nepeqesaffb uowfo^ 
oAfj&Tb HoiaraTB , qio aoctohhctbo oh 6ujio yHCHbineflo. 



a) Schl5zer cip. 93 H UIOAyapii, t. I, crp. 172. 

b) SchlOzer. Cip. 104. 



- 19B -- 

TaKx Hanp., csepx'b oGuBHOBeimoft i^tnu, no ROTopott npiiHO- 
cHTejfliTB MaxHJiock 3d c6pe6po Ha MOHeTHUx'L popaxi, Ha- 
sHaueno 6ujio npnSaBKH 10%, -r- fione^HO bii bhay 6oj[bmaro 
nepeAtiBHaro Aoxo^a. 

BejtHo 6ujo xaKse npifB03HMi>ie hbi aarpaHHi^i xajiepu 
He ocTaBjiflTb y ^bcthlix'l isin'b, a hccth na MoneTHue popu. 
nixopxi H niiei^epii CMHxaioxi HOBue py6jiH yse He 77 npoSu 
a 72, H BtcoflfL HO 17 p. 6% kohI^&sh bi oyHxt ^). Ho 
EaEOBU Gu HH 6um B'bci» h npo6a MonexHofi eAnnm^i, 
ycxaHOBJeHHott nexpoifL UI, ajia A^Hesnaro puHEa axo ocxaexcfl 
oeapadJHUHUii'L, xbeb RaEii npH Ilexpt III ycn^joi oxxncHyxb 
Bcero 30 py6«ie&» as h Ti, He 6ubii Buny^enu Kb o6pa- 
qeme, uepeneqaxanu npn EEaxepEH^, xoxa noHHiseHie i^^h- 
fiocxH eAHHHipii yAepsRano. 

Cj[:bAyK)ntafl xa6jiHi][a npeAcxaBJuexi nocxeneHHoe yueHL- 
uieflie AocxoHHCXBa pydJieBott Monexu ^). 



I 



Hhcjio Ba 



s^ 



%icT. cep. 



eepe6pa 81 

MOBeTft 



Ha BHB^m. 

PjdJM 



Ha ToMM. 

aiTBBOpU 



Py()jDi AO 1654 roAa. . . . 
E^HiiKH nepen. vb pyfijui 

no 1718 roAa 

Py6jiH 1718 roAa 

Py6jiH 1731 row 

Py6jH 1762 ro/ui. . . . . . 



96 



70 
77 
72 



14% p. 
15p. 84k. 
17p. 6V, 



113.40 4. 

58.67 a. 
43.83 a. 
—3.83 a 
43. 21 A. 



okojio9k. 

17% K. 
20V, K- 
20 Vi K. 
23 '/.K. 



2p.70%K 

Ip. 35 K 
lp.l5%K 
lp.l5VtK 
Ip. — K 



100 mi. 



50 mr. 
42VainT. 
42%iiiT. 
37 V» mr. 



Vb'b BEuaenpHBeAeHHUxi fflEEMxi, oieBHAHo, qxo cl 
1718 roAa MOHexnaa eAHBHi^a bi PoccIh ne noABepraJiacb cy- 
qecxBeHHUMii H3H%HeHiflflfi» no Bcxynjenifl na npecxoj'B Eeb- 
xepHHU II. Tt nepeMftHHi, Roxopua nocji'&AOBajiH npn Ahh^ 
loaHHOBH^, wb cyn][ecxB'6 a^^^ ne mbm^uhjih MouexHofi eAo- 



a) moAyapi, t. I, cip. 180. 

a) Storch Gem^lde, t. 3, cip. 492. 



- 196 — 

mnfi'^ ecjiH npo6a h yBejmqeHa 6iua up 77, sa to yiem.- 
meni vbc'h mohotu, n qncTaro cepe6pa ocTaBaiocb wh py6it 
no^TH TO se fiOJHqecTBO, HJiH Adse h^gkojibeo MCHbine: BMtcTO 
4 30J. 83 A* UHCTaro cepeSpa, fiasi bi neTpoBcson py6ii 
1718 roAa^ aHHHHCKilt py6jLb AOJiseHi. Gujh coAepsaTsno 
yxasy 4 30J[. 82% APJiH, a B'b AMcTBHTejiBHOCTii , no Bsst- 
uinBaHiH) UIoAyapa, eu^e HeHBme, — hmohho 4 do a. 78 Aojel, 
ooTouy qTO qoRaHHiH He no 15 py6. 84 Kon. m% oyiTa, a 
no 16 py6.,npH EjiHcaBCTt se IleTpoBHt A^se no 16 p, UVl 
/]|aj(bHMmee noHHsenie AOCTOHHCTBa pySiesot lOHm 
CA'l^jiaHHoe QeTpoMi ni , oTHocmca co6cTBeHHO yaiie n iiap- 
CTBOBaniK) ERaTepHHU II. Iota h Hi^rb tomhuxi (sskfif^ 
CTenem yxyAQieHia py5j[6Bofl MoneTU B^ n^jprnoBm 
Ilerpa HI, ho hm AenesHaro piJHKa, khrl hu ytte ciasaa 
Boupoci dTOTB He npeACTaBJiaeti aaaiiHOCTH. OcHOBtlBatCb la 
nepBuxx yaafiOfleHiflX'L ERaTepMHM II oTuocHTOJibHO cepeSpfflifiol 
MOHOTU, MoanHo npHHHTb, Hfo ycTaHOBJieHie cyu^ecTByiDmei no 
HacToaqaro BpeMeHH MoneTHoft eAHHHi^ia cA^JiaHO nerpovii ID 
EsaTepuHHHCisie yEasu 1762 h 1763 foaobi noATBepiAaion 
TOJibRo pacnopaseHifl IleTpa III oTHOCHTeiBHO nepe^eKBHa lo- 
HeTU, H TOJibRo Bi 1764 FOAy, ycTanoBiflfl oTHOiHeffle lemy 

30JOT010 H C6pe6pflHH0H) MOHOTOID) yRaS'b FOBOpHTb IipoSt I 

B^ct cepe6pflHH0ft pyOieBOft MOHeTU, EaRi o cyqeoTByDipei^ 
«aRTi, npH qeifb HaauBaeTb 72 npo6y h Bic'b 17 p. 6^s k. 
Bi oyHT'b , cj^AOBBTejEbHO wcTaro cepeOpa bi py6jA 4 so- 

JIOTHERa 21 AOU. 



a) niTopzi vh CBOHTb GomiUde oviTajiii pytfiH Ahbu loaBBOBBH lo 
AOCTOHHCTBy paBHUHH pyfiiflMii Hepia I, BunymeBBiiiiiH nocjl 1718 roM- Bi 
Kypct se nojiHTH^ecKoft aKOBOMUi aflBHBCBie py6jH oB'b oittBiiBaerb ne in> 
1 p. \by\ Kon. , a Bi 1 p. 22%; bocjAahaa oqtBKa no aameiiy MBftBiv b^ 
Bipaa. nijeucp'b roBopsrb, hto aBBHBcidc py6jiH bh aa oxuEt acci He 6iui 
Jiynnie nocjrtAHHXii nerpoBCKiix'b py6iett. Cm. Schldzer, cip. 104 h Storcb, Co^ 
d'6conomie politique, t. 4, CTp. 298. 



~ 197 - 

Hu He HMteMi Ki> coisaji^BiM) CBi^A^HiS o cocTOflHin ro- 
cyAapcTBeHHuxii npRXOAOBi h pacxoxoBi b% paacMtfaxpHBaeiiuit 
HaHB nepioAi; ho moheho cl pipeHHOCTiiD npeAnojuaraTb, ^to 
nocxeneiiHoe yM6Hbnieeie AOCioHHCTBa MoneTHott epani^iii ea- 

XO^HTCff B'B TtCHOtt CBfl3H Cl Ae^HiprraMH Ra3HU H BUTGRBJIO 

H3T> CBoeoOpaaHaro BoaspiHifl Ha MOHeTHyio perajriio. IIpaBn- 
TejbCTBO ci> Ileipa BeiHiaro yxepsHBaio sa co6ok) hcuio^u- 
TejbHoe npaao npoHSBOAiiTk Honeiy, He bi t^tl tojebro bh- 
AaiT>, qTo6H oSesne^Hib puHOEi xoponiHH'L opyAieirL oSpaqeHia 
n HacuiTa6oH'B a-ah HSMtpeHia i^tHHOcxeS, ho rjiaBHUirb o6pa- 
30HS, B^ BHAaxi* HSBJieqeHiH rocyAapcTBeHHaro aoxoab *) 

Bo Bcbxi c^yMaaxi, RorAa rocyAapcTBO HysA^Jiock bi> 
AeHbrax'b, HoneTHoe a'^^o npeACiaBJiajiocb caHUMii npaHiiiM'B h 
caMUMi» yj^oSnuH'L hcto^hhsomii. Ecjcs 6ujlo b'b aanack ao- 
iOTo H cepeOpo, — ueKanHjiH Monery ; npn HeAOCTaiKt »e 3o- 
Jora H cepe6pa^ cxapajmcb Aociaib — aomb hjih sarpaiim^eH), 
Si Bi RpafiHeifb cjiy^aib , nepeneqaiuBajiH OEiBmyio bi o6t>a- 
meiiiH cepeSpflHHyiD h aojioTyiD Monexy, ocxasjiflH 3a Heio 
Tose HaBBBHie, ho yHenbrnafl coAepsan^eeca Bii nefi ROJiH^ecxBO 
^HCTaro uexajijia; hjh se HaROHeii['£'npH6'6rajiH ri BunycRBM'b 

MtAHOtt MOHexu. 

/I^jifl noAAepasaHia i^'bHHocxn HOHexHofi eAHHHilbi ynoxi)('- 
SjfljiHCb BCt cpoACXBa, HSBtcxflbia xorAaraneft xeopia h npaK- 
THBl^: 3a6oxHJiHCb xoproBOMi SajaHck, aanpeniiajiH bbo3'l 



a) BnpoHox'B Herp'B Bejoodtt iracajn: „MOHeTHoe /r&io h Bce hto vb 
OHOMy KacaeTCfl.. Kor^a Bojucaro copia o icftat h B&nraHHt MOHerb cjiyHHTca 
Byx^a, Tor^a BB.ueTRVirb ooBtTOsaTb cb KoMepm»-KojiJieriei> h HHtnie oii:;ro 
Toin» BucjiymaTB, Aa6u FocyAapn bh^cto naeHoft He6oJibmoft iiHp6ujiH, 6o.ib- 
mofi Bpejm KOMuepuUirb Be npoHcxoAUO, h noAJioraiui HjMsarb BaiuJt , Heno- 
Tpe6HiiiifH KOHeTam ne HanoiBiMocb , a cTapufl 6u Ao6piiiA HoaeTU wt tqcj- 
AapcTBa He bubo3Eah. U. E. 3. tomti 5, M 3466, 



— 198 — 

pyccEofi MOHGTU HSi sarpaHHi^u , H cjrbiiHJin 3a TtHT>, ^ito6u 
darpaHH^Hue njaTeasH bi> Pocciio, oco6eHHO »e TaMoseHHJUi 
nomjiHHU, npoH3Bopj[HCb xopomeio HHOcipaHHOio MOHeroH) (e^Hi- 
saMH); H HaKOHeii'b yciaHOBJifljn h^eu ne toueo hh sojoto 
n cepe6po BHyTpn cipaHu, ho h ea spyrie npeAMexH. 

Qto KacaeTCfl saOoTL npaBHiejibCTBa o ToproBOin» 6a- 
jaHcg , TO Mu , roBopfl ToproBJit , yKasajiH na HtBoropuH 
iHcbpu npecJitAOBanifl Tanoro poAa utm. 

/I^pyrifl se mtpu, ROTopuuH noAA^pasHBajicfl oHCKajUiHKd 
xapaKiept MoneiHaro a'^J^B) cocToajin rjiaBHum o6pa30iii bi 

OpaBHieJiLCTBO CTapajocb uaojiHpoBaTb pyccKifi vLOEerHui 

PUHOBX OTL HHOCTpaHHlIX'L, H BCfl MOHCTa HHOCipaHHafl JfiOEa 

6ujia iiocTynaib bi Kasny , h3'l Eoiopofi BUA^^JiHCb srb ^^• 
m'6h'l pyccBia A^Hbrn. Bi* HOBOioproBOMi yciaBt 1665 roja 
6ujo nocianoBJieHo , qTo6u Bcb bojotuo n eoHMEn, cjipoBe- 
3eHHue H3'b3a-Mopa h bo Bcbxii nopySeffiHuxi ropoAaxi>, OTjaBi 
Bii Ra3Hy Bejumaro FocyAapa, npuHflBi y HHOseMi^eBX, a x^ 
Baib 3a HHXii pyccBia jjeHbrii Mejima — 30JiOTofi no pyGjio, 
a 3a eoHMOR'L hq nojiTHHi, no qeTupHaAUaxn eonMSOBi bi 
oynit*. £cjiH imocTpaHeii[i ne o6'bflBJ[flji'L wb laMosHi^ o 30 
jiOTUXi H ec^HMEax'b, npHBe3eHHbixi» HMii, TO njiaTnjTL nenio. 
a ecj[H TafiHO A0B03HjrL ao Mockbu, to A^ubra oxGnpaJHCL aa 
FocyAapfl. y cbohxi juojifii aejil^Ho Tasace OTSupaxb e^niiEH 
H 30JioTue, njiaTfl nwb no Bbimeo3HaMenHoti ntut. 9tii nocra- 
HOBJienia noATBepasAaiOTca i^'bJiuM'b paAOMi* ysaaoBi bo Beet 
pascMaTpHBaeiiuft najiui nepioA'b. 

Bkibo31» 3arpaHHity aojioTa h cepe6pa n npsBos'L hsi 3a- 
rpaem^u pyccaofi moneTbi 6ujih cTporo BOcnpeqeBU '). 



a) ,,PyccKiix'b ccpe6pflHHUX'b h ufbujaaxh jieBerh bi* Poccis ae Boasn, 
TOBapu npoxaBaiB iHOiemmirb na hxi sienaru , a ne na PyccKU ; laKxe oe- 



— 199 — 

HdonpoBaBiDH Tamrb oOpaaoirB pycenil pHnon, npaBH- 
lejibCTBO RaE'L (0 1718 roAa, teki h nocifi npepHcmajio 
npHHHMaTb HOBUi nBEbn no WTh Hapm^aTeAHOtt i^hI^. 

BecBMa ecTecTBeHHO, vro Bcft bth irtpii, HanpasjieHHUfl 
n Tony, 9to(h nojiflSTh i^hhocte cepefipa wb HOHeri Biime 
puHoqHia'B i^ffL cepeSpa, ho mAMSL HHKasoro ycntxa, xoth 
ff 61 perjiaHeHxaipH puHo^atm v/bwb cepeOpa ne 6uio ne^ 
AoeraTsa. 

Qo yxaay 1722 roAa Mafl 11 HaHy^aRTyp'L-Bouerifl 
SOjTSHa 6um BooSiqe HasHaqaxb npoAasHUfl JS^bEhi hsi oaSpHBi 
n jafiRE. Ho emfi bi 1711 roAy, npe y^pexAeHiH syneipsoil 
naiaTu, jifiE nosynRH aojoia h cepeSpa bi» Basny ycxaHOBJieHU 
6iUH saseHHiiH i^^hu. Bx toitb se roAy ycTaHOBjeeii Sujih 
TpH npoSfii cepeCpa : 1) njiaBieHoe qHcioe cepeSpo 6e3x npn- 
i^i; 2) npoTHBii eo^HMRa bi 82 sojOTHiiBa, h 3) JieBROBoe 
n 62 aoJOTHHRa b'b ^jwrt ^). I^^hii no npoSaHi 6lij[e ua- 
3flaqeH£i cjiJ^Ayioupn : 3a oynrL qncTaro cepeSpa 13 py6j[eit, 
3a eoHMo^Hoe 12 pySiett h sa jiobroboo no 8 py6. 17 ajiruHi 
H 4 AenbTH. Gjii^AooaTejEbHO dOJioTHHR'L wcxaro cepeSpa cMorpa 
no npo6^ oi^HHRaica bi> IS^Vai fion.^ b% 14^V4i b* h b'b 
IS^Vsi RontitRH. no 9TH1HI si'^HaMii npHRasano 6uj[o Rynei^- 
Boft najiaTft noRynaxB cepeSpo y qacTHux'B jhqtb; MesAy 



pe6pa B'B Aftjit H B'b jiOKy sarpasimy He oinycKaTb." YKasi 6 anptjii 17 N r. 
Taidii me pacnopAsemH noBTopjisTCii h B'b cAxpnnxe roAU. Gh. HcTopLi 
KpaixaA FocdftcKoft ToproaiB MocxBa^ vb THnorpa^iH IIOHOiiapeBa 1788 roia, 
cTp. 62, 76^ 90, a Taxse A. EpHxnep'B, KaTepiajH aja HCTopis •BeaHcoBi B'b 
Poccin. nflTHBonteHiiHKH 1723-1756 r. 0.116. 1867, cip. 12. 

EnpoHewb yxe B'b 1734 roAy pyccKyv Koaery, yxojpiBmyD sarpaBHKy Ha 
coAepsanie BoftcKa h BoaBpan^aBiiiyncii o6paTHO Bib Poccin, AoaBOjeno npony- 
csaTb ] TOJbxo utAByi) HoaeTy saopenteao 6iuo npiBoaHTb vb Poccin. U* C. 3- 
Ton 16, M 11,952. 

a) JfaMWHCiW, crp. 73. 



- 200 -• 

T^VL Bi pySieBoM MoieTt i^ea sojiof HHEa cepe6pa paBVuacL 
no^TH 21 Kon^fis^. 

Tasofi BUcoHifi nepeAftttmiit aoxoa^ ee Hon ocraBaTBci 
AOJ[TO, xaRii HaBt i^tHU Ha cepeOpo, He CMOipa Ha aanpeqemji. 
AOJUBHU 6hLa B03BUCHTbCfl. IleTpi I HOEynajTB y HHOcrpai 
VfiWb cepe6po no sHawrejibHo bucoehmi i^naii^. Tanli 
1712 Tojsj B'b ApxanrejibCRft noByoajiH o^hmkh no 80 boh, 
a He no 50, sas'L npeasAe. B'b 1718 roAy, co BBexeHieMiHo 
Bofi cHcremj, npasHrejibCTBo , noHHSHBi aoctohhctbo py5ifl. 
corjiacHJioc& BCEopt na copasMl^pHoe BOBBumeme js^^eh cepefipa 
Ha BHyTpeHHHXi puHBaxi : b'b 1724 roAy BHyipi Poccifl 
3a eoHHOE'L njraiHjn yse 80 Kon'&eBi>: a wb Apxanreji^i 
B'B 1720 roAy npnanMajiH g^hmobi bi> nonrjiHHy no i fji- 
20 son. % IIpE npeeHHHEax'L IleTpa BejiiEaro i^'l&Ha ^^^ 
na BnyipeHHHX'B puHEax'B BCEop'b AOcxHrjia nonin losmoi 
BitHU. TaBi) B'B i^apcTBOBBHie EEaxepHHEi I Beai^HO 6i>uon^- 
HHMaTb na MonexHBrx'B ABopaxii oxi npHHOCHxejieft cepe6po no 
I8V2 EonteEi, a Me»Ay t*mx ceKpexHO saKJiio^eHi fc^^ 
noApEAi> c'B EOMnanieH) Eyni^oBx nocxaBE'6 Ha MoeeTHue 
ABopH cepeSpa no 20 EonteB'B 30jioxhhkt> , ho h axa AtHa 
OEasajiacB hh3EOio, xaEi qxo hoapha^hkh osaaajHCB HeHcnpaB- 

HHMH, H npaBHXeJBCXBO npHHysA^HO 6HJIO npoAOJKHXb cpoKi 

noAPHAa. HpH nexpt n bi 1729 roAy Bejitno 6ujio 3a ce- 
peSpaHHyH) Monexy, Sniyio cb 1721 roAa, njiaxHXB npH bh 
Eynt na mohoxhuxb ABopaxB no 18 son. sojtoxhhki Dp^ 
Ahh* loaHHOBHt i^tna cepe6pa AJia npHHocHxeJicfl naBfia'ieHa 
6BU[a cnaqajia no 18 son. sojioxhhsi; ho b'b 1732 roAy ^^ 



a) n. C. 3. TOMT. 6, M 3748. JIaMaHCirift , HcropiraecKilt o^epirfc leBCJ- 
Haro o6pameHifl bt, PoccIh ct, 1650 no 1817 rojTB B* CfiopHiiK* ctitictb'^ 
cKHXi> CBtAtHitt PocciH, H8A. ciaTHCT. oTAtj. Himep. pyccB. reorp. Ooin 
11, cip. 74. 



- 201 - 

S!km 6uM0 maTHTb sa aero Be ^(^ose 19 n 19Va son.; a 
noTowb nl^Ei BoasHiCHJiacb onflTb no 20 Kon 

Ho Tasofi i^h6 cepeGpa, py6ieBafl MoneTa, m saiAqaHUD 

niiefliepa^ 6um ciraiRom BueoKofi Ao5poTU, h sa BuqeToirb 

Bcte^ HdAepsesii qeEana^ ocTaBaJocb tojd»ko 1 py6. 53 koh. 

Ha nyA^ npaSujiH, — nepeA'&jibHut aoxoa'b BecbMa imToasflouit, 

noAoSHuft ROTopoMy HaftxH hosho 6ujio bi TorAamiee BpeMA 

pa3B% TOJiKEo Bi opoft AflfJiiH. Bii TaiRxi pasMl^paxi nepe- 

AtjibHutt fifiTioji^ ocTasajicfl ao i^apctBOBama EsaxepHHra IL 

XoTfl ysasoM'b 1741 roAa eunfi npo6oBaiH HasHaqnTb i^tfiy 

cepe5pa na MOHeTHUxi ABopaxi* a'h npHHOCHiejiefi bx 1 9 son. 

30JioTHHS'L , HO no3ise Bi 1756 roAy , no cjiyqaio bua'^jusb 

npyccKofi MOHeTU, aa KOiopofl oepeAl^JibHiifi aoxoai> Obui* b'l 

majA o^eHb BejiHBi>, HasHaqena ii'^Ha no 19V2 Ron. sa bo- 

lOTHHK'b. HaKOHe^'b npn IleTpt III m> 1762 roAy flBBapa 

17fla3Ha<ieHa i^l^na am npMHOCHiejieii 19 Va h caepx^ Toro 107o. 

QonuTBH npaBHxejibCTBa peryjinpoBaib punoqEua i^'6hh 

cepeSpa B'L H3Atj[iflxi» HaM'b Hajo hbb^cthu. BI^pohtho cy- 

qecTBOBajEH no dioMy npeAuexy qacxnua pacnopniseHifl , cMOxpa 

no poAy HBA^Jiifi m'h soaoxa h cepe6pa; xaBi 1735 roAy bu- 

Aana Gujia npHBHjerifl soMnaHeitqi[BaMi» j^oRyqaeay c^b xobb- 

pHqaiiH, oaSpHRaHxaH'b njan^eHaro h BOJio^onaro BOJioxa n 

cepeSpa , bt> Roxopofi npeAnHcano , qxo6M <Da6pHRaHxu CBunie 

TorAamnefi yRaBHoti i^'fenu, 18 rou. sojeoxhhrii, qncxaro cepeSpa, 

He noRynaJiH ^ B'b cjiyqat neAOcxaxRa, OHd momh 6paxb cepeopo 

Ha MonexnoMx ABopt no nepeA^jibHofl i^tni, x. e. no 20^y96 

Bon^fiKB^ xoBapx se cBofi a^Ji^rhu 6iiin npoABBaxb bi paAU 

no 25 Ron. BOioxnnR'b. Mu BHAnMi>, qxo Rasna, npepncuBaa 

noRynaxb cepe6po no 18 Ron. boioxhrrii, caMa B'b xo se apeHfl 

njBxua no 19 h 1 9 Vj Ron. HeyAHBHxejibiio, qxo BHOcxpaHnan 



a) Schldzer. cTp. 211. moAyapi, co6p. H8o6p. ladjHuu 6 ii 7i 



- 202 - 

MOHCTa CHawia npHHOcuacb oSuKHOBeHHO vaenaoDi nipaii 
Ha HOHeTHue ABopu, a noroiTB, He CHOTpH na danpeqemii, ee 
HaqaiH cniaBiflTB h npoAaBaxb «a6pERaHTairB. 

KojuqecTBo KpyHHoft cepeOpflHHoft vohbtu, Bunyn^eHHoe 
HOHeTHHHH popHMH Bi> Tcqeme Bcero pascvaTpHBaeiaro Han 
nepioAa, Suio aobouho Beflmo. 

EiTb TO^HUXi CB^s^mft o KOJDiqecTBlft pySiet h noi- 
THHi (nepeneqaxaHHJBix'L 'eoHMROBi), Bunyn^eHHUXi Oerpon 
BeuRBKi J^o 1718 rop. BnpoqeiTL, ocHOBUsaHCB na ucio- 
Buxi pHHHi'B, coo6qaeinixi» Hlieaepoirb h ffloxyapovL, Mono 
npeAHOJiaraTb , qio BOJmiecxBO spynHoft cepeOpflHHoS loneiu 
vorjo npocTHpaTBCfl Bcero p nfliH hhijdohob'b pySiel. On 
1718 H flfi 1731 roAa, saKi npn ReT^i Bemnowb^ nn ir 
npH ero npeeMHHsaxiiy Mejnsoil cepeOpanHoft MOHeTH Buojcnn 
Hajo, a qeKaHHJiH no npeflMyqecTBy pySjH h nojTHHii. Do 
9T0My BCH) cyHMy, BunyqeHHott b-b bto BpeHH cepeSpiUBoi 
MoneTU, MOSHO c^HiaTb Bi pyGiflxi h noiTHHax'L. Do nf^mi 
moAyapa orb 1718 ao 1725 rop BfiinyqeHO 6oi%e 5,i ihi- 
jdohob'l pySjreS, a ci 1725 no 1731 ro^ib 6oji6e 3,4 pySiei 
cepeSpflHHoil Moneru ; ci^AOBaTeibHO p nepeAtia MOHeru n 
1731 roAy Bunyqeao py6jifliiH h nojrrHHaMH hoboS cHcrem 
jifl 8 HHAjdoHOBi py6j[e8. C'b 1731 r. n no 1762 ro/rb m 
mAewb 6ojAe ToqHua phhuh o EonqecxBift pySieS h noj- 
XHH'L, BunyqeHHiix'L jiiwb MonexHUX'b popoBi. Oo cwbf^kmoh, 
cooSqaeMEiMi mjiei^epoM'L) oxi 1731 no 1741 roAa Bunymeflo 
cepe6pHHHoS mohoxu Ha cyMMy 21,1 34,91 9 Va noqiH hckjiD' 
qHTCibHO BpynnoH) Monexon. j][j[fl nocjiAHHX'B ise AecflTHitTii 
HU HaxoAHMi CBi^A^ma y IIIoAyapa, hsi Koxopuxi bhaho, w 
C'B 1742 no 1751 roAi Bunyqeno pyOxeS h noxniffB Ha 
10,2 MHJi- pySjieft^ a c% 1752 no 1761 roAi no 14,9 ^^ 



a) ScUOser, Beylag. erp. 95. 



- 203 — 

py5ieft. H Tan on BBeAenifl HOBoit MoneTHott cHCTeni bi> 
1718 TOfj H AO 1762 ro^a BunyipeHO hs'l MOHeTHUXi abo- 
poFL B'B Hapopoe oSpaiqeme pySjieS r nojunffB ea cyHiiy 
6oi%e 55,2 MHJiJrioHOB'L, a co BpeHCHH nepeqeBaaa 1731 roAa 
H jip BCTynjieHifl Ha npecTOjrb Qerpa III BunymieHO 45 mhji- 
jQOHOB'B py6jeft. 

B) SoMmaa Mouema. 

npH Ileipt BejiHBOMi) sojioiafl Moneia snepBue BBe^eHa 
B'B pyccKyio MOHeiHyH) CHCieMy bi 1718 rosy. ]ifi 9Toro Bpe- 
MCHH, Cb 1701 roAa, bcji^ho 6biJ0 6HTb qepBOH^fi[ 92V2 npo6iJ, 
noll7Hll8Bi> oyHTt npoiiiBx rouaHACBHi'L, xota h^- 
cKOJbKO xy»e no AOCTOHHCiBy. Ci 1703 roAa, no BnTBopiy, 
6tuiH tiepBom^u h31> KHTaficsaro neo^HuteHnaro sojioia, en^e 
xyAmaro AocTonncTBa. H^ceojibro nodse, BMeHHO bi 1711 roAy 
Bejino 6ujio A'&<s^ri» uepBom^u laK ese h npoiHB'L HMnepcKsxii : 
94% npoSu Hnoll8Hll9Bi» c^yHT'b, HaKonei^'L no yEaay 
1712 roAa orpaHH«mjucb bua^jieoh) tojibso nocjil^AHHXi. fii 
1714 roAy, spoM'b npocTuxi> ^lepBOHi^eBi. a^J^^^oh lasse h 
ABofinue ^). 

Bcfl dia MoneTa npeAHaanaqajiacb B'bpoBTHo hm sarpa- 
Hmuuxii njaxeffieft h ne bxoahjib B'B pyccsyio MoneTHyio cn- 
CTCMy. Moffiexii Sutl na dToiucL ocnoBaniH npaBHiejiBCTBO, ne- 
peueyaxuBafl ec^HMsn bi> pySjin, ne cquxajio nysHUMi onpe- 
Hl^MTh BypcL CBoefi 30J0T0fi MOBeiu. ysadEi upomjux'b ro- 
AOBii, ROTopuMH 3a HHocxpaHHuft 30JiOTofi HasHa^aJiacb i^'bna 
no py6jiH) , ne 6ujui oTM^ueHu ^) ; hobbixi yEasoBi o u^tEi 



a) nioAyapi, tomt* 1 cip. 148 h Schldzer, cTp. 46. 

b) n. C. 3. TOHi 3, 16S] n. 4 R n. 48 na aojioTue Ao6pue yropcKaro 
HHcraro aojoTa npoTHBi npesHHxi /Ko6pux'i> aojioTuxi.... nponiB'B HocKOBcxoft 
rHpsBH BO 100 20JLotha'b no 83 ao^ioTHHica, a utaoD no py6jii> aoiioToft. 



- 204 — 

pyccraxi qepBoiqeB'L Ha HOBHe py6w, ffHmwsfftMWb ea no- 
lOBHHy xyAnde, ne 6iuo; no sToiiy oraomeiiie Mesxy sojo- 
Towb H cepeGpoMX Ha BHyrpenHHX'L puHKaxt j»imm tajo 

yCTaHOBHTbCH RBR'L 1 I 7 Va , Tasi Rasi aoiOTHHirb SOIdta Bl 

MOHeTt no npesHoft saseHHoft nloA paBHflJU^ novn 1 py6. 
25 son., a 30jiothhbi cepeSpa bi pySmi 1704 — 1718 
roA'b (nepeneTOTannue e«HMSH) paanfljicfl no i^Hi n(mi 
l7Va Kon. MeanAy tAvl caMo npaBHiejBCTBO bi» 1711 rojiy 
noRynaio 3oj[oto na apMapKaxii no 1 py6. 80 non. soioiinns 
a Bx 1712 rofly no 1 py6. 90 ion. •). 

EcjH H npn laiEHXi yciosiflxi Easna naxopia boswoi- 
Euwb AonycRaiB b'l oSpaqeme BnyxpH rocyppcTBa sojoiyn) 
Monexy, ne hsm^^hha npesnaro saEonnaro sypca, to noajifliAD^e 
Sojiibe npaBHibHoe onpe^l^JieHie oTHomemfl lesAy 30j(nt»i 
cepe6pflHH0H) MOHeioD, xoxa Bce enite lajioe cpasHHTeiBHo a 
ApyrnHH eBponeficsHMH punsaMH, aojukho 6ujro BUSBaTb aa- 
TpyAHenifl bi» oSpaqeHin n noBJiiflTB na A^^Hl^^e^ aHa'ieQie 

30JOTofi HOHCTU Ha HameiTL pBIHEt. 

Bi> 1718 roAy BnepBue BBOAOHa Suura wb pyccEyiD lo- 
neTHyio cHCTOMy soioxaa MOHeia , — CAtjaHU 6bijih pyxv 
py6jieBHEH, TBBi nasiJBaeHue aoApeeBCBie, 75 npoOu no lOO 
Bi> oyHTt. GjitAOBaTeuHO OTHomenie MeaE^y 3ojotoh'b h ce- 
peOpoM'B cpasy ycianoBJieno nowH naBi 1 : I2V2, cwTaflso- 
jiOTHHB'b 30J0Ta Bi 2 py6. 66% son., a 30jroTHHirL cepe6pa 
Bi HOBog HoneTHott BjsjsHKH^ B'L 21 Eontfiny. B'L 1723 rojiy 
yse caHa Easna niaxnia sa soiothhe'l 30Ji0Ta no 2 p. 60 bob *")• 

Mu BHAHMli, qXO H C'b HOBOH) MOHOTHOH) CHCTeMOK) OTUO- 



a) n. C. 3. TOVb 4j M 2378. ^ boaoto be MocKBt h na apiiapBa^ 
noBynaib no py6ji> no 26 aAnoi'b no 4 leH&ra n no py6jD 23 aiTUBa do 2 
AeBbm aojiOTHJUTb — CKorpA so aojOTy. Cm. laxse H. C. 3. Toin» 4, -^ ^^^^ 
o utHl( KHTaltcBaro aojioxa y Apxaar^ibCBa ; TaKze cm. JanaHcirift, cip. 7^ 

b) JlawaHfiKift, crp. 74- 



- 205 — 

meme ifbHoocTH aojOTa ki cepefipy vb voneTi 5i>ijio onpe/it- 
jeHo cpaBHHTejBHo BecBMa hhsro; ho roBopH yse 061 Anrjiin, 
vf!bj EaHi HU BHAtJH, cyiqecTBOBaJio OTHomeme 1 : 15, hh 
ofjswb eBponettcsift pHHOKi He npeAcraBJun HH^ero noffoSnaro. 
H He cxoTpfl OAHaKO ise fia 9to, na pyccKOM'B p£ms6, SucTpufi 
nepexoA^ 01-B OTHomemfl 1 : 7V2 Ha 1 : I2V2 BUSBajii hcao^ 
Btpie Kb HOBoit MOHeTfi H noTpeSoeajocb oco6oe noATBepiRAeHie 
CBodoAHOMii oGpaqemH ea bi napoAft *). HexoBi&pie 6ujo 
Tbiti 6ojii^e ecTeciaeHHO, ito Ha piimit cy^eorCBOBajiH oaho- 
BpeMeHHo pa h A^se 6oj[^ OTHOfflema i^^hhocth sojora Kb 
cepe6py, TaBii xaRii cTapoe ne 6tuo yHvnomHo ^). 

BeKBBftcTHo, Rasoe BHa^eme Ileipi Bemmlk xot^jtb A^Tb 

3OIOTO8 HOHOTt Wb CBOeft HOBOft MOHeXHOtt ciCTeMi^; HO yffie 

opa HHBHafl oi^ftHRa aojioxa AonsHa 6iua noBecTH wb yxfiep- 
H^m^ oepeSpflHHoft eAHHHi^u vb PocciH, RaHi Kb Ahfjuh, 
ficitACTfiie BfiicoRoft oiftHKH sojioTa, npHmn Kb sojioToft ""). 

npH npeeHHHRaxii flexpa BeJHRaro npoAOJiaaiH 6htb 30- 
loiyio MOHeiy rbri qepaoHipi (npoTHBX rojuaHACRHXi h hm- 
nepcKHX'B)^ laRi h aHApeeacRie pyxpy6ji6BHRH. noRynHaa iv&na 
3ojioTa Ha Moneimie popu HasHaqena SuJia no 2 py6. 
60 Ron. 30I0THHRX. TaRi OfiiJio npn EnaTepHHi I h npH 



a) Cm. lUoAyapii, cip. 150. 

b) Ob noHRsoBieirb AocroHBCTBa py6iH 8% 1718 tomj AttcTBHTejibHO 
A012KHO 6iuo cyntecTBOBaTb aa ^wusb HCTupe oTHomemA aojioTa vb oepe6py 
Bi HOHerb : wb CTapuxi HepBOHuaxi h py6juixi» (nepeneHaTaeHuxi mi, eoHM- 
KOBi») cymecTBOB&io ojDiBO OTBOHxeflie ', Vb cTapuxii ^epBOHuaxi* ii HOBm'b 
py6xax'L cb 1718 roAa — Apyroe ; vb asApeeBCKHxi qepBOBqaxii h ciapuxi h 
BOBuxi py6juix'b AoiXHo 6]uo 6uTb laKxe ABa pasjuiHflUA oiBomeBiii aojioTa 
K* cepeCpy. 

c) neTpi> BejAjTb TaBse MeicaHHTb h aojioTue py6jDi. nJoAyapi cHBiaerb 
Rxi ueAajbOBaHu ; yKaai ni, KOTopoHi* roBopHTca o bbxi bg BnojBt acobi, 
CM. n. C. 3. M 3347. 

d) nioAyapi, erp. 151. 



- 206 — 
IIpH AflffB loaHHOBHi^ flBJiflK) fcfl HOBUfl pacnopflxema otho- 

CHieibHO 30JI0T0it MOHeTU. riaBHEUll pyKOBOAHTeieHl HOHer- 

Haro A'^Jia wb bio i^pciBOBamc 6un AHpcKxop'B HOHerHaro 
popa £apoffb Mhhhx'b. IIo ero flpeAcxaBiefflia Ouaa oiipe;(t 
jena i^i^na ^epBoni^eBi dHTUXi npoTHB'B rouaHACK8Xi> bi 
2 py6. 20 EOHo H saEOHOH'L ycxanoBieHO OTHomeHie Boiora 
Ki cepe6py rbe'l 1 : 14; bto OTHomeHie Bnpoqeirb cyqecTBo- 
Bajo ToaEo no EaseHHUirL i^naM'b 30joTa h cepe6pa naMo- 
HeTiooxL ABopax'b^ ho no nepeA^unoft ntu^ aioro oTioineHis 
ne B£jxoj(HJio ; a& h bi noEynnux'b i^naxx pfiimshi 6iuh cji 
jiaTb SHaqHiejiiiHHfl nepeHl^nu, laE'b Easii OTHomeHie 1:14 
He MOMO yAepsaxBCfl. Cna^aia i^l^Ha soioxy nasnaqeHa 6iua 
2 p. 52 Eon. soioTHHEB, no Tasii EaEi npEHOcnre jeii fle iujo, 
TO i^toa lafino BOSBumena J^o 2 py6. 65 Eon. AHApeeBCiiii» 
AByxpySjiOBHEOBi oqeBHAHO nejssfl 6ujio nibiaTh no npeimb 
npo6i^ H Bi^cy, a nexoMy nx^b bi» bto i^apcTBOBame coBCt]n> 
ne qeEanuH % He CHoxpa na bc£ 9th M'bpu, sojioTaH loflera 
ne Morja nojiywxb nasnaro snaqenifl na nauieMi> pHHsi; npfl 
nnasoft oi^nsi^ aojoxa wh hohot^^ nonynEa Mexaxia h ^eiaHi 
o6xoAHj[HCB npaBHxejiBCTBy Aoporo, a^ ^ h^ Morra noifWB 
sna^HxejibHux'B pasH^poBi*, noxoHy qxo doioxaa Honera Ha 
pbEELE^ xopjia Bbime Easennaro Eypca ^). 

Bi 1741 roAy 14 Hapxa MnnHXii noAaj[i> AOBiajTB Ge- 
naxy, nax Eoxoparo nnpo, qxo 6um wb xo BpeMfl npexnojo* 
senie bo3buchtb oxnomenie MesAy 30j[0T0irb n cepe6poi'b bi 
Honexi. Ajfl axoro cjii^Aosajo nepe^efianHTb Bcb qepBOHKUBi 
HHdmyH) npo6y. CaM'b Mnnnx'b GbLii npoTHBi aiofi irbpu, 
yEasbiBan na to, qxo HS'bda-rpanni^u nnocTpanipi 6yAyTi» ^f^' 
B03nTb noAA^JibBHe. G'b CBoefi cToponu Hnnnx^b coB'feTOBaji ^^ 



a) SchlOzer, cip. 103 h bii oco6eBHOCTH Beylagen, cip. 74—96. 

b) nioAyapi, xotfb 1, cTp. 153, a xaKse SchlOsser, cip. 135. 



— 207 — 

KaflHtb qepBOHipi Bcfi no offHott CHCieiffi h nepeqeiararb Bcft 
PfxpySieBHEH, xaiTB saiTL aoioxo bi hhx^e 6uj[o ciBmEoirB 
HI3K0 oi^eno. B&k npoeRiu MHHHxa bi i^apcxBOBaiiie Eih- 
caBerti nerpoBHM He vM!ba ycoixa. jifi 1754 roAa npoxojc- 
laiH 6]iTb qepBOHipi npoTHB'b rouaHACBHX'B , ho ho 6urb 
onpeA^ieffB hx'b sypcB. Toueo b'b 1754 roxy 6 Mafl boj^ho 
6iuo Bci qepBOHipi) neqaiaHHiie ci 1701 roAa, npHHHMaTb no 
2 py6. 30 son., HCKHD^afl pyxpySieBHKH , soxopue fjMOSKSi 
6uiH xoAHTL no CBoett Hapni^axejiiHott i^nfi. IIpaBHxeibcxBO 
yrposajo xnse sonracEaipeio xoMy, sxo 6yAexi BosBumaxb 
i^tay 30Jioxott Monexu. I^i^na 30Joxy na MOHexH£ix'B popaxi 
m npiiHocHxejett nasna^ena 6iua vb 2 py6. 60 son. so- 

Pacnopasenifl bxh ho HaMftnajoi cymtecxsa a^u ; no 9X0My 
in MiAyion^eH'L 1755 roAy 12 noflSpa, no uany noBaro ah- 
peiTopa MOHexnaro ABopa Tpa^a IDyBaJOBa, npepoioxeno 6iuo 
^mcm BOJioxyio Honexy bi OAHOoCpaanyio cncxeiiy. Ftoeeo 
6uio: 1) qesannxb mmepiajcu wb 10 pyfiieft n nojyHMnepiaiu 
Bi 5 py6jiett, 88 npo6u^ b^coh'b mmepiajTb bi S^%t sojiox- 
HHKa, a noiyminepiaii b'b l^Vse ^^Ji* nraxypnaro soioxa; 
2) B(Awb wpBom^aMi, Sixiurb npoxmi rojuaHACKU'b n hh- 
nepcRHXi, xoAHXb no 2 py6. 25 son.; cxbAOBaxejibHO na 5 
fionftes'B Menbme, n!bwb bi npeAmecxBOBaBmeiTL roAy; naso- 
Hei^'b Bi 3) Bc£ anApeeBcsie pyxpySjieBHsn, qeEanennue cb 
1718 no 1730 roA^, hs'laxb hs^b odpaqenifl h nepeneqaxaxb 
Bi HMnepiaju. dxniai Mftpaioi A&ttcxBHxejibno bca 30J[oxafl ho- 
Hera BBeAona 6bua vb oSn^yio pyccEyio HonexHyio cncxeMy; 
HO no oxHomenlK) Kb cepe6pflHH0Ji mohox^ sojioxo no npenmeHy 



a) yxaaoiTb 1754 roAa uas 2 npe/pmcaHO 6ujo, notfu aa puBxax'b ae 
BoaBumajH i^hh sa aoiOTyn MOHeiy no/rb onacemeirb KOH^HcxaipH. HIoAyap'b 
'oirb 1, cTp. 153. JIaiiaBCKii roBopHn, hto sypcb aoioioft MOHeiu 6uxb no- 
ciOABHo Bione HaaBaTOBHoi eny iAhii, cip. 87. 



— 208 - 

Sujo HH9K0 0](&HeH0. Bx HHnep^aiax'B no Illjieiitepy, OTHomeme 
6uM BaEi> 1 : 13|02^ a b'b fiypclk ^epBOHi^eBi, c/^jaHHUOLi^ 
no o6pa3i^y rouanACEHXi, noqin EaBb 1:13%. TaBoe otho- 
menie i^tHHOciH 30J[0Ta si cepe6py wb Mosert npoAtxisajo 
cf n^ecTBOBaTb no EBaiepHHu II Seal saM^Tmrn nsHlbHemfi h 
TOJibso Bi 1764 roxy ono ycxanoBJieHo mwb 1 : 15. Bnpoqen 
npn Ileipj^ III 6uao pacnopaseHie onaTB ^esanHTb yepBomiu 
npoTHBi rojuaHACRHX'L H Bcj^na ultl nasHaqena no 2 p. 45 s. *}. 

OcBOBUBaacb na cjobbx'l MiiHHxa bi ero xoKJcax^ Genaxy 
Bi» 1741 roAy, Boioxaa Honera, npn AoporoBHSH^^ BUf^biSR ei, 
nojiywja cneipaisnoe HasHaqenie axa qacTBUxi pacxoxoBi 
HMnepaxpni^ , h noxoHy A^ps^ACt* npeHMyntecTneHHO npn 
ABop'g. B'B 1756 roAy npn ABopi^ A^^se Hejusaa cepeSpsflim 
Monexa Suja HdrnaHa h31 ynoxpeOienia ; wh sxoiirb neeo 
roAy BOJitno 6iuo qcBannxb aojioxue pyxpyOieBHEH , py(a, 
noiTHHU H jipme ^exaepxaKH npoSon n Bicowb no^xn npoxurb 
HMnepiaioB^b ^). 

Bb MOHexHoft se CMCxeM'b h napopoM'B o6panieniH aojoro 
He Morjio nojyqnxb dHa^eBU. Sojioxaa Monexa xoahjo scerxa 
Biiuie saKOHBaro Bypca, h cBop'be APyrott Honexu Horja yxo- 
AHXB sarpaniiity, fa^ hm nea ocoOenHO Kb Anriii 5uii 6o- 

I'be BWOAHUft pUHORli. 

TjiaBHOH) npnuHOH) xaEoro flBJiemH csfbjsjem^ cnraxb 
nasEifi RypcB sojoxoi lonexu, ycxaooBJieHHHfi saROHOMi, h cy- 
ni[ecxBOBaBmitt bb xe^eaie Bcero pascHaxpHBaeHaro naira spe- 
MeHH. He roBopa yse o6b Ahtjoh, fa^^ EaRii mli BHAtJOi, cy- 
qecxBoaaJio oxnomenie MesAy 3oj[otomii k cepe6poir& Barb 



a) Ho aauTCKOMy lapii^y, HSAaHHOuy dt* 1-761 roAy, HHcroe soioto hi n- 
flHMajiocb npH njiaiest nonuHH'b no 2 py6. 75 son. sojioTfliunb , a cepe6po 
19% KoiL 30jioTHHirb, cii. GeMeBOB'b, Towb if cxp. 171. 

b) nioAyap'B, Tomi 1, cip. 153. 



- 20d -- 

1 : 15, H Apyrifl CTpanu EBpoiiu npeACxaMffJin 6oji[t6 buco- 
Eyio utHHOCTb 30jiOTa. GpaBHHBaa i^'6hhoct[> aojioia no raM- 
OyprcKOMy OiipafieBOMy jracTKy h onpeAtJiema Hamero HoneiHaro 
ycraBa^ YBHtflfiWh BecbHa SHaqirreabHoe 0TEJ[0H6Hie. 

rau6yprL. Poceia. FaMrtSypr'b. PoccIa. 

1700 14^0 14 1730 14,82 13 V^ 

1710 15,23 7V2 1740 14,48 ISVj 

1720 15,06 12Vj 1750 14,4? 13% 

HopHajibHoe oTHomeme memfij i^i^HBHOcriio BOJioxa h ce- 
pe6pa jsfiE Haqajia CToatxifl 1 : 14,96 h hme ROHi^a 1 : 15,4) * 
(no renoepuxy) npeACTaBiflen laxse AdJ^KO Biicmyio oi^HEy 
aoiora. 

HeyABBHTejUiHo, tto aoioiafl Moeeia b'l PoccIh He lorja 
AepxaTbCfl Bi oSpan^eaiH h qio ee ao^ubho 6ujio HaxoAHTbca 
Ha puHRjb HesHaqHTejibHoe fioin^ecxBO. Bi 1744 roAy, Ha 
npodiTb accecopa HOHeTHott KaHi^ejiflpiH IIIjiaTepa saiiiHHTb 
M^lfijfo MOHeiy 30J[0T0H), CenaTB orsi^qaa^b : «He MaaaH H0JU>3a 
5uj[a 6bi^ e&ejiH 6bi BMtcxo mijifLolk xflsejiofi xoAnaa Jierfiafl 
30Jiaxafl MOHexa, ho Kairb xaRott cyHMU 3oioxa (yMaJiqEBaa 
yse He AocxaxEJ^ saseHHoft cyHMu) Aocxaxb Hej[b3fl, a sA^^cb 
Bi* PoccIh . h Majiaro wcjia sojioxa h qepBOHHUX'b sojioxbix^b 
cucfiaxb Hej[b3ii».... ?). 

VesaHii sojioxott Monexu oSxoAHJicfl npaBHxeabcxBy Aoporo, 

TaiTb KM!h 30J0X0 HpHXOAHJlOCb HOKyHaXb SarpaHHI^eH), H BU- 

nycBH sojEoxofi lOHexu h31i MOHexHUXT. ABopoB'b 6biJiH Hesna- 
wiejUiHbi. Ho Illxopxy Bunyn^eHo sojioxofi HOHexu sa Bce pas- 
CMaxpHBaeHoe naHH BpeMfl ao 3,4 mem. pyOjiefi, a uo xaGjiH- 
i^UATb lUoAyapa Bbixopxi Bcero 2,8 MHuioHOB'b pyOaefi. 



a) ilaaiaHCKifi, CTp. 107. 

a) Storch, Coiirs d'ecouomie politique, tomi 4, cTp. 299. mTopxi* outim- 
Baeiii Ha uuBtnniDD MOHeiHyi) eAUHimy. nioAyapi co6p. uao6paseHifi xaGji. 5. 

10 



210 



C) MeMan cepedprnnaA Monema. 

Hosafl HOHeiHafl epniqa, BBexeHHafl neTpon BenoDiib, 
6iJj[a cjEmfiOMi. BejEnsa hm TorAamHflro puHsa^ qTo6u 3aHfln 
Ha HOM'L Hi^cTO TiaBHofi ToproBoft HOHeTU. ToproBU yAOBie- 
TBopflJiacB eqe CTapuMH Eoni^ftsaiai, a noTpeOnocTB bi 6oile 
EpynHofi MOHGTb qjBCTBOBajio pa3Bt OAHO npaBBTejDiCTBO. Ecu 
rjaBHan HoneTa AOJisHa cooiB^TCTBOBaib cpe^Heft noBynBi, to 
nepeiOAi ox^b Eoir6eEi> wb py6jieBoft MOHeTib noamb Sua 
Heo6xopMo BUSBaib aaipypeHifl na i^wnA. Iota crapm 
Eon'bttBH Skijde Bpoe h A^^e BTpoe Bume hobux'b no aocto- 
HHCTBy, HO nepexoAi Bce tbeh Sujii pi^30Ei> b'b Torxamflen 
HaTypajbHOHii xosaficTBi^. no cyntecTByioQHM'b wb Tonj^en 
j^tnawb na uepBme noTpeSnocTH hosho cyAHTL, qxo e(e|p 
noEyoEa Oujia HMemo MCHbrne pyOu ; AeaesHue Haj[orH Hawaii 

paSBHBaTbCfl TOJEbEO CB 9T0r0 BpeieHH H B'L OTg/kXbElBH nil- 

TesHUXii AOJinxi Okijih TaEse MeHBme pyOu; SoAmair^am 
ToproBuxi oOopoTOBi npoBBBOAHjiacb nyxeMi HenocpeACTBeHHoi 
Mi^Hu H noBHHHocTH rocyAapcTBeHHUfl , SeHCEifl H qacTHUS 
OTfibiBajHCb npeHHyqecTBeHHO xaEse Haiypoio. MoHeia ea 
puHE'fe 6oj[bme cjiy&HJia hm c6epe&eHifl h HaBOuefflfl KanH- 
TBJioB'b, q'bM'L AJH oSpan^enifl; npH OTcyiCTBiH me cpeAHiro 
EJiacca , npH fochoactbI^ spi^nocTHaro upaBa ^ c6epexeHifl ^ 
Enimiewb BJiaccb Hacejiemfl AOJiacuu ^um 6uTb Becbia na- 
jiu, xaBi qxo n bi axoHi cjyqai pyOjieBaa HOHera 6ttia 
oqeHb BejHBa. 

Bet 9XH npHqnHu aojurhu 6um BUdUBaxb noxpeSnocrb 

BTi SOJ'&e HCJIEOH'b A^'CHiH MOHOXHOft OAHBHipj H Bl pa3MtH* 

Hott Monex'b. 

Gyn^ecxBOBaBmifl wb o6paQeHin cxapuH EOn^fiEi npeji- 
cxon JKO m'bfiTb hs'l oGpan^ema, npu BBeAeniH hoboA MoneTHoi 
eAHHHipi. 



— 211 - 

« 

Hensfl onpeAi^JiHTb, Bafioe soamecTBo ciaptixi Eoniefii 
ociaBajocb wb HapoAft orb npeisHHX'B CTOJii&TL&. Do o^^mpajiB- 
fuiwh CBtAlHifliTB BHAHO, qio Cb 1664 no 1703 roA'b bu- 
nyiueHO cepeSpflHHUX'L fion^eirb HS^b MOHexHUXi ABopoBX 
26,302,691 py6jiB 33 Ron., HeaaBHCiiMo ot'b bua^JUsh qacx- 
WME AESHflxa. UoTowb oiTL 1703 ffp 1712 roxa BumyiqeHO 
5iuo emfi 4^420,708 py6. 50 Ron. HeiRofi MOHeiu. Hbhs- 
BtcTHo, RHRoe RouqecTBO HBi 9Toit uocjLl^jiflei cyMMU Buny- 
qeHo Ron^fiRaMH. Ho BooSn^e Rasna cwTaia Bce ROJin^ecxBO 
cxapuxi Eon^eRi BunyqeHHiuii cb 1664 r. hb 30,723,399 p. 
84 RoirbMRH *)* yase cl 1711 roAa nepecxajw A^Ji^xb cepe6- 
pHHHBifl EOfl'bttRH H A^HesRH, a M^cxo HX'b cxajui 3acxynaxb 
Maio-no-Majy Mi^AHaa lOHexa. Bi> bxohi se roAy flBHJiacb 
leuaH cepe6pflHHafl MOHOxa 70 npo6u, ho wb cjr6AyH)iuie roAU 
BunycRH efl 6uj(h orpamqcHU h ueRaHHJiH rjiaBHUirB oSpasoMi 
fipyiayio MOHexy ^). flocjil^ HapacRoft 6hxb£i, Ilexpi aeji^Ji 
lefiaHHXb noiXHHU, paBHflBiuiflCfl no Hni&Hiio UIoAyapa nojy- 
Taiepy ^ qeRaHHJH xaRxe nojiynoixenu njui qexaepxaRH , rpH* 

B€RHBRH, OflXaRH H aaXUHU E3'L e<)IIMR0B'B, OAHOBpOMeHHO C'b 

oepeneqaTROH) e«niiROBi» bi py6jiH ""). 

BojiBmaa qacxb HeuoJi cepeSpaHHott hohoxu, BLmyn^en- 
HoS AO 1732 roAa, 6ujia BUCORonpoGnaB h nojuoBtcHaa ; npn 
BBeASHiE HOBoft MonexHoft cHcxeHU, uysHo 6biJio nepeneqaxaxb 
H aaM^HHXb BCH) laccy, oGpaqaBnuixcfl bi napoA^, cxapux'b 
cepe6pflHHbix'b Roni^oRi h BucoRonpo6Hott MOJERott Monexu ho- 
BOH), noAXOAflqeio noA'b Hoayio HonexHyio eARHHi^y. 

Kasna AOJUsna Gujia nojiyqnxb oxi nepeA'&JRH Monexbi Bb 
uoByK) cEcxeHy snaMExejibnufi aoxoai*, h npaBHxejbcxBO peB- 



a) Schlozer Beylag. ctp. 99. 

b) n. C. 3. TOMi. 4, M 2359, A§ 2444, tomi 5, M 2850. 

c) nioAyap^f xomb 1, cTp. 164 h cji^a. 



— in - 

HOCTHO 3a6oTHJiocb BUMtHt CTapuxi KOoteKi; HO nySjHsa 
He oxoTHo paacxaBajiacL ci xopomeH) HOHeioio, xairB qro bu* 
niwb mejii> BecBMa njoxo n , Kafiii hsbj^ctho, npoxouajca 
no^TH BO Becb padCMaipHBaeMufi Haim nepioAi*. 

npoBecTH cxporo MOfleiHyH) CHCTCMy 1718 roAa, oco6eHBo 
Bi pa3HiHHofl MOHei'b, HpaBHTOjibCTBO HO HOFJio. Mosxy Ttn, 
HOBue BunycEH HH3Eonpo6Hoft MejiEott cepe6pflHHofi lOHeni, 
npH nocTOflHHLix'b nepeHi^Hax'B b'B Bt&b a ]ipo66^ HHorxa secBia 
HH3Kofi, npH oSHapyamBHiHXCfl noAA^uax'L h nopq4&, ooBeii 
Kb TOMy , ^To Ha puHEaxi> xoAHJia Bi OAHO H Toxe epeu 
MOJiBafl HOHOxa caHuxi paaHOoOpadHuxi aoctohhctb'b. Heyjs 
BuxejibHO, HTO cxapiu RonJ^fiBH H Boo6qe Meuaa BUCoKoopoi- 
nafl MOHOxa, SuBuiaa He xojibKO iiyvmeiD MOHexoiD, ffiBSt 
xejibHO ci HOBUttH pasH^HHHMH AeHbiaHH, HO H npeBOCiop 
mafl no AOCxoHHCXBy noqxH Bpoe MOHexnyiD effiausjQ, f^ 
BbiHyacAeHHOHi hhsromi fiypck CA'feJaiacb npeAMCxoHi coeEy 
iflip H HSi MOHOXU npeBpaxHiacb Kb xoBap^b, Koxopufi bu 
B03HJIH, oepeuaBJifljiH , npaxajiH h booOh^o ycxpaHflu k3i 
oGpaqeHiH. 

HoBaH se HnaBonpoOHaa pasH^HHafl Honexa, He ciorpfl 
Ha sejiaHie npaBHxejibcxBa^ npH He3HaqHxej[LH0cxH BUoycEOBi^ 
He Morja bhojih^ yAOBjexBopnxb noxpe6HocxH bi pasHiBHoli 
MOHex'b, xaEii qxo if^AOHfl A^Hbra, Biinyn^eHHUfl caa^aja 
xojibKO Bi> HOJiyniEax'b , naqajH Majo-no-Majy , npa ycHiHB- 
muxcfl BbinycEaxi, nojiy^axb 3HaqeHie rjiaBHott pasiil^HHott 
MOHexu H HocxeneHHO aajiflJiHCb bi Honexaxi, upeACxafiJflB- 
uiuxi Bce Oojbmifl h Sojibmifl qacxH MonexHoit exHHHiUJ. 

llo nepBOHaqajbHOHy naafly 1718 roxa, sasi) hu m^U^^ 
pa3M'6HHafl HOHexa AOJiKHa SbiJia cocxoaxb, EpoHi^ rpHBesfifl 
KOBi) 70 npoSu, cocxaBJfflBniHX'L Vio ^acxb MonexHoft epHiWiii 
H3'b ajixuHOBi H EonteEi 38 npo6fii (SHJiona). GepeSpiiflfiHi 
EonMoH qeEaHHjiH Haiaexcfl xojibso B^b 1717 roAy, a aJiTUBU 



~ 213 — 

TaRse nepecT8jiH A^Jiaib yse cl 1721 roAa. Ri» ROHn^y i^ap- 
cTBOMHiff Ilexpa BejniKaro cepeSpflHEEiiin HOHeTaMn MeHbiiie 
py6j[fl ocTaBaracb TOJEbBO hojithhu h rpnseHHHKH^ EaRi ^acTii 
MOHeTHofi eAHHHi^u ; BpepTHaa se pasMtHnaH MOHOTa cocTOflJia 

Qpn npeeHHHRax'b DeTpa Bejnmaro noiiHTRn BeecTH CHOBa 
cepeSpflHHf H) pasflfbiiByio MOHeiy 6um HeyAaqam. TaRi , npn 
EEaTepHHi I cna^ajia qeRannjiH, He TOJbRo rpHseHHHRH, ho h 
aiTUHHHKH; HO CB l726 roAa nepeciajin n^ABTh aiiUHHHRH, 

H BUnyCTHJIB Bli BHa^HTeJIbHOMl ROJinqeCTB^ HH3R0np06HMe 

rpHBeHHHEH 42 npo6u (xyAaa rpnBHa HeHbniHROBa) ; wb cjit>- 
lyion^eMi se ro^y, npH Ileip^ II, rpHBeHHHBH 9th nsiflTU 
5ujH HS'b oSpan^emH. BaRi npn ERaTepHH'& I, TaR'b h npn 
Qetpt II, na^ajiH 6kijio ^eRaHHTb qeTBepxaRH, ho BbinynieHO 
Hxi HesHa^HTejibHoe Rora^ocTBO **). 

QpH AhhI^ loanoBHi^ yRasosrb 1731 ro^a, ROTopuMi h3- 
ifiHena npoSa juoHernofi eAHHHi^fii, BOJii^HO Snib, ho TOJibRO 

Py6jH H nOJITHHU, HO TBRffie rpHBeHHHRH H HflTHROHi^eqHHRU 

77 npoSu. FpHBeHHiiROB'b h HflTHRon'&eqHHROB'b npoAHOJiarajiocb 
BunycTHTb HaMHMioH'b py6jieit, npHqenTL Rasna aojurhb Sujia 
uojyqHTb GBMbitt HesHaqHTejibHbiii nepeA^jibHuit aoxoa^; ho 
AMcTBHiejibHO BLinyu^eHO 6biJio bi oSpaqeme ne 6oj[^e 70,000 p., 

H TaR'b RHRl 9Ta HOBBfl MOHeia, rpHBeHHHRH HO HpeHHyH^ecTBy, 

6uj[a oqeHb noxosa no BH'6mHeMy BH^y na CTapyio hhsbo- 
npoSHyH), to hxi Bejitoo 6hjio nepene^aTaib, — hb-b 70,000 p. 
BOBBpaTHjiocb AJW HepeHe^aTRH Bcero 31,619 pySjeft. Xoth 
npH Ahhj^ loaHHOBH^ OT'b 1731 no 1741 rop CA'bJiaH'b Sbui 



a) rpHBeiiHHKu qexaHHJQi Bnpo^eirb HHaxofi iipo6u ; veTBepTHRH nepecTajui 
HCKaHHTb cb 1713 r. Cm. HIoAyapi, tom* 1, cip. 162 h cjitA. h Schlozer, cip. 
42, 43 H cjitA. Cl iipeBpameHieHii ^eEana ajruROBi , rpiBeBBHKH nanajiH bu- 
iiycKaTb aH3Koit npo6u. 

b) niojiyap'b, TOMi 1, cip. 171 b 172. 



— 214 — 

6oj[bmofi nepeqeRaH'B Epyimofi HOHeiu, ho mmoi BimyinieHo 
6UJ0 Majio ^). 

npH EjracaBeit nexpoBHi^ BeiftHO 6eijo npn jifiEemfBah 
nefentMTb A^JiaTL nnrjyd ^acTb rpHBeHHHBOB'b h nojiynoj- 
THHHHKOB'L, a CB 1756 ro^a BejitHO qeBaHHTb H cepeSpHHHue 

nflTHEOIlteqHHRH , HO HO CJy^BH) BOftHU^ CaHO IipaBHTeJbCTBO 

HysAajiocb 6ojiLme bi Epynnofi mohotI^, h noTony Henofi c^t- 
jano 6uio mbjio % 

HaEOHei^, npH Heipi^ EI Beii^HO Sujio BOSBpaiiiTb ea 
HonexHuft popi bck) cepe6pflHHyH) Monery, B£inyiiieHHy» n 
1700 ro^a, h npiroecTH ee bi cj[ibAyH)n^i6 ^exupe BHAa : py&ni 
uojrrHHU, AByrpHBeHHHRH h nflxeajixuHHHBH % 

RaRi nocxeneHHo BUxojiHJia hsi oSpau^emfl Hejuai ee- 
peSpflHHaH HOHexa, h EaB'L hh^xosho Sujio EOfflqecTBo ea n 
o6panteHiH cl 1731 ro^a, ho&ho BHA^xb h3i cjrbATiOQHn, 
xoxfl He nojEHUU, ho AOcxoaibpHUX'L qHCJiOBUXi> Aanmixi. 

Hu yse cxadajiH, qxo cl 1664 no 1712 rojCL Buoy- 
u^eno 6ujo wh napopoe oSpaqeme Bcero sfi 30,723,399 py6. 
RonMRaHH H APPOH) HeJOEOH) HOHexoH). 9xn A^Hbrn BMtci^ ci 
M^AHOK) MOHexoio cocxBBJiflJin riaBHufi saiiacB pasMi^HHofi mo- 
HexBi. npaBHxejibCXBO ^ BunycEaa HOByio cepeSpaHHyio Hejsyio 
MOHexy, He xojibRo He yBejin^HBaJio cRaaaHHaro aanaca, ho h 
nocxoflHHO yMeHbmajo ero. 

TaRi, en^e npn Uexpt I bi> 1701 roAy aeii^HO 6ujio 
€^xo6fii Jiiop BCflRHX'L qflHOBi HecJiH cxapufl A^HbrH Ha A^' 
HeiRHufi popii, a EWb Ha rb AeHbrn HaAAa^iii SyAexi 10 Kon.>. 
Cti yMpeHSAemeMii Rynei^Rofi najiaxu B'b 1711 roAy, nia no- 
EynRH 30j[oxa, cepeSpa m wkjsfi na HOHexHue ABopu, Han- 



a) Schldzer, crp. 105, 106 h 107. 

b) JlaHaHcxift, CTp. 103. 

c) moAyapi, CTp. 179. 



- 215 — 

HaiDTCfl nocTOflHHue BURynui ciapoft hohctu *). He HO&erb 
5uTb coMHi^Hifl Tasse h bi tomi, ^to Bct Hejmifl cepe6pflii- 
HUH ffiEhTiik npesHett ^HCTeHU, nocTynaBDiifl bi> Kaasy npn 
BSHOcb no^aTefi, He BimycsaiHCb yse Somue b^ oSpaiqeme. 
YnB^owb 1729 roAa Bejii^HO Shio BUBynHTL bch) MOHery, 
Sffryio Ao 1721 roAa, ho toj&ro npH Ahh£ loaHHOBHl^ BUEyni 
cTapoft MejBofi MOHeru aojiyqaeTi OoiBinie pasHi^pii. B'b 17B1 
rosy BUKyiTL cxapux'L Aeneri OTjiflWb 6£un> no noApH^y Ba- 
pHBajoBy ci TOBapun^aMH , npn qeirB Hasna^ieHU BUKynuufl 

A%HU CTapofi MOHeTU. DOApflA^HEH 06fl3aJnCb BU6HTb H3l Meji- 

fiofi HOHeTU uoj[ypy6jm 77 npoSu h jifinh RaBH'b nojibsa na 
KasAutt nyAi> no 1 py6. 83 son. IIo 1733 roAi noApflA^RH 
BURynnjra 6oji'&e, ^1^wb na V/^ HBJjdona pySjiefi, no Rasna 
oToOpajia y uoApnA^HROBii aecb a^xoab, nojyqennufi hmh, h 
nepexaja noApflAi> APyrnM'L jm^aHi* — jO^yAupeBy cb loaapH- 
niaMH. JIfi 1741 roAa BURynjieno 6ujio eu^e Sojiibe, nivL^b na 
4 MHJiji., TaRt OTO Bt leqenie 10 jifiTi» orojio 8,674,608 py6, 
MeiEott MoneTu oOpaqeno Sujio wb pyOjm h uojithhu. DpaBu- 
xeibCTBO BnpoqeM'L naxoAHJEO onepaip) BURyna ne oROHqennoH) 
H B'B 1741 roAy cqnTajio 17 mhuiohob'l CTapofi MejiRofi mo- 
Hexu, ocTaBaBuiHMHCfl eu^e bi» napoAHOMi oOpaqenui n upoAOJi- 
asajio 3a6oTHTbCfl o BURyn'6. B'b 1754 roAy cqHiajiocb y»e 
MejiRott CTapoft MOHCTbi, noAJiasan^ett BURyny, 11,600^000 h 
eu^e B'b 1757 roAy HasHaqen'b fibui'b AByxroARqnuft cpoRi, ^jir 
B3Hoca na MoneTHbifi ABopi CTapKOCb cepeOpanHUX'b Ron^eR^b, 
noA'b onacenien'b Ron^ncRai^iH. HaRonei^'b, npn HeTp'b III 
MBjiflexcH BbimeynoMflnyToe pacnopHHsenie o BURynib BOo6iue 
Bceft CTapoft MoiicTH, 6HTofi ci 1700 roAa **). 

HysHO yAHBJEHTbCfl TOMy, qxo npn BURyn'b MoneTU, cy- 



a) BpHKHepi, cTp. 7. 

b) Schldzer, CTp. 106 b 107, 



- 216 ~ 

ii^ecTBOBaBineft na puHR^ 6oji1^e 60 j^I^tl^ hsi ipHjmaTH mu- 
^OHOBi pySiefi npdBHTejOiCTBO HeAoc^BTUBajio Bcera 11 wha- 
jiioHOB'B, a ycn^Ao BfiiKynHTb h nepe^esaHHTb no 20 mhjij., 
TorAa EaRi nepenjiaa'B, a^b^ apoTEBii MOHeTHott enwmnfL 
opeACTaBJiflJE'L OapmirB HHorAa 6o4biue 257o ' MesAY '^^'^^ 
AOCTOBi^pno h3b£ctho , qio H qacTHua JHH^a, ne cmotph ea 
Giposattmifl danpeqeHifl HpaBHieJEbCTBa, cnesyjiHpoBaiM aa ne- 
peojaBl^ CTapofi Mejusoft MOHeTu. 

Bi mhMh /^eMHAOBa, noAaHHOH'L CeaaTy b'l 1744 roxy. 
roBopHTCfl: ccaHUfl TH2Kej[OB'6cHUUi fifiBbm niABShL no 7,206 
(1698) roAi no 8 h no 10 pyGjieil m'b ^yuxa, a noron 
yse no 14 H no 15 pyOjiefi hsi a^ynra, h Tor^a ase samBi 
napoA^^ npHMtqeno, qio noBua aohlfh jerqe CTaphixi, to^ san 
BO BceMi rocyAapcTB^ Bciwb usb'^ctho, cii 170O TO)^n 
pflAaxi H Bi ToproBuxi Jiaafiax^ noqajiH ACHbrn padGnparb. 
H cxapufl orb hobuxi ota^juitl^ CA^jaaHUMB A^P^BaHBiafl 
napoqno hah loro HanmnaMn, n 0T06paB:b CTapua, npoAaaaji 
Basi APFofi Toaapi bi paAax'L, a naqe b% cepe6pHHHUxi, 
ci npnSujiBio no 10 Hon. h 6ojibine ea pySjb, Roxopue yoo- 
ipeSjifleMU 6uj(H bo BCflRia cepeSpHnnuH pa6oTU, a saopen^eflie 
B'L TODfb yqnneno yse bi 1721 roAy nepaoe, h xaBi cjaui- 
BOiTb qepeaik 20 Atvb cxapua b BCHma xasejEOB^CHUfl ox6n- 
pajDi H cjiBBajm, wb xose apeHH n H^^A^bifl eob^Brh, a^hcseh 
H nojqfniKii yse CA'^JiaBu 6biJiH, xo GesT* coMnlbHiH bcI^ cxa- 
pfiifl H HOBUfl xflsejiOB^CHUfl BHyxpb rocyABpcxBa cnjasjeBu 
H BO BCfiBifl Beqii nepeA'^Jcanm h aa HtAHUM npoAaBU h mi 
rocyAapcxaa BUBeaenu, a cie ne bi oahoB Mocrb4&, ho h bo 
BceMi rocyAapcxB^ 6biJ[o ""). 

Hd'L axoro anpo, qxo qacxnua jffii^a h caMo npaBHieJb- 
cxBO BecbMa ji^ksresbEO ymeHbinajiH ROjmqecxBo cxapofi moiroS 



a) A. BpHKHep'b, ILansKOUlbGWJuai 1723 -1756 rr. cip. 17 e 18. 



- 217 - 

xoHeTiii Ha puHKt. HesAY t^hi, BunycRn Hoeoit pasHtHHofi 
MoneTu 6U11I hipitoshij, noTONy mo BUKynjieHHafl ciapafl 
oouEHOBeHHo nepej^JUBdJiacb wh dojitiihu h py5jiH. 

Bx COSajltRiK) ^ H'bT'L TOqHIOX'L CBJ^A^Hifi BOJimecTBib 

MejiBofi cepe6pflHHofi MOHeiKi, BUnyqeHHoit cb 1712 h oco- 
OeHHO CT> 1718 r.Bo bchbom'l cjiyya'b soiH^ecTBO 6ujio cpaBHH- 
xejibHO BecbMa BesHa^iiTejibHoe, ii rjiaBHue BBinycBii 6um to jbRO 
npH AHHt H EjTHcaBeTib ^). Bi 1755 roAy M0H6THafl RaHi^e- 
Jflpifl AOHOCHja GeeaTy, tto b^ uapoAHOirB oSpan^emH no ea 
cMCTy, RpoH'6 CTapux'b MejiEHxi BfiEen^ naxoAHJiocb aa 
815.645 py6. nojiynojiTHHHHEOB^ h aa 959,824 py6jia rpa- 
BeHHHEOBx. Gio^^a He BE.iioqeHa TOJibBO mejiEafl cepeSpaHHaa 
MOHera (rpnBeHHHKH, ajiTUHU n EontfiBH), BunyqeHHaa bi 
nepBue vojiu hoboA MoneTHofl cncTeMU. UocAi 1755 ao 1762 
roj(a BunyqeHO 6biJ0 cepcOpflHHbix'b naTHEon'beqHHEOB'b orojio 
500,000 fla ^leiBepiaROB^ h rpHBennHKOBTi oeojio 300,000 py6. 

TaEHHi oOpaaoMi, aoBaa MejiEaa cepe6pflHHan MOHeia, 
xoTfl H npoAOJisajia AepsaibCfl bi aapoAHOM^ o6pauteuiH, ho- 
fioJHqecTBO en 6kijio cjnniEOH'b hh«itosho» ^toObi yAOBJieiBo- 
pHTb cnpocy Ha paaHtHnyio MOHCTy. 

flpH cyniecTBOfiaHiu ciapoft HejiRott MoaeTbi, oSpaTHBuieftcH 
6i> soHTpa6aHAHbiit loaapi, GaaroAapa BbiHysRAeauoMy Rypcy, 
HOBaa MOHeia, ^acTO HH3Ronpo6HaH , ecjH h ne Horjia npn^H- 



a) npM Ahh'6 loaHHODHt, xoth h npcAnoTiaraJiocii nii6HTB MHJ.Tioni> vieji- 
xott HOBOTU , HO BuiiymeHO 6ujio Bcero 70 tuchhi py6jeil, laKi) roBopuTi 
in.icuep'b. npu EjiucaBCTt. neTpoBH:& , ocBOBUBaACb na Ta6jumaxi) IIIoAyapa, 
BunycKB MejKofi MoiieTU npcjcTHBiiiiJiH citAynnuA uu^pu: cb 1742 no 1761 
Toxb BunynieHO HCTBepiaKOBi 1,663,669 p. 50 Kon. ; rpHBeBBHROBi 1,338,465 p. 
fiO Kon. H nmaKOB'b 505,144 py6. 70 Kon., HToro 3,507,279 py6. 80 Kon. FjiaB- 
Huc BunycKU CAtjianu 6ujih bi nepnoe Aec^THJitTie ; crb 1742 no 1751 roAT» 
Bunymeno HCTBepTaKOBi* 928,861 py6. 25 Kon . rpnBeHRHKOB'b 1,058,005 py6. 
00 Kon. Cu. nioAyap'L, co6. Hao6paac. Ta6jiHiui 7. 



— 218 - 

HflTB ocoSux'B saTpyAHemft Ha puHEt ^ to 6iiia bo BCflson 
cjiyqai^ HdJHnmeio, taKb RaRi MtxHafl MOHexa, no vfbpi yueHK' 
uieHifl CTapofi cepeCparaofi, ace 6oii^e h 6oji[te A^aJ^acb rjaa- 
Hofo pa3Hi^HH0H) HOHeTOH) H Jiyqme APyroft cooTBtocTBoaajia 
TpeSoBaaiaM'B Torxamiuiro pfimaa. 

« 

D) Mibduaa Monema. 

^eaan'B Hi^pofi HoaeTU AOCTaBian npaeHiejibCTBy canufi 
OoAuioft nepex^jibHuB AOiOA'b h npeACTaBJiajTB lerqaftiiriM cno* 
co6i OopoTBCfl CL A^^HilHTaHH H ^pesBuqattHUHH paczoAaMM; 
HO onuTL npomjiaro CTOJii^Tia 6£Ui eqe y Bci^x'b aa naiiiH, 
H noTOMy BBeAeaie sitAHUxii A^H^ri bi HapoAHoe ofipanieffle 

AOJISHO 6UJ[0 npOHCXOAHTL HOAJieHHO H OCTOpOSHO. 

HOBOAOMI Kl BBeAOHiJO H!&AHOtt MOHOTU 6£UH BHEJCIB 

Bpynnofi HoneTU h osasaBmiMca HeAociaioE^b bx MOHert 
pasMi&HHoit. 

Bi 1700 roAy bi H'&Kopux'B mltoTHOCTflxi PocciH «»a 
CByAOcriH) A^HeaseBi Ha pasHi^Hy bii MeiBBXi xoprax'L nepo 
cbRaioTL cepe6pflHHUH sontfiKH na ABoe h hb Tpoe», — a bi 
Kajijrt HaqajH ToproaaTB KosamiMH sepeSbflMH; hb btohi 
ocHOBBHiH cBejiHBifi TocyAapb yBa3aji» a^Jibtb m^ahu^ X^- 
HesKH, nojiyniEH h noj[ynoJiyniBH» ; npH qeMi bojAho MiHaib 
6e3i> npH6aBBH Eonl^ftKy cepeSpflHHyH) hb 2 A^HexKH, 4 no- 
jiyniRB H 8 HOJiyoojiyHieRii^). Bopo^eM'L nojiyuojiynieRi buGhto 
6ujio TojbKO HtcROJibRo ](Afi iipo6bi ^). XoTfl Bi oGpan^eflJH 
6ujH H cepe6pflHHb[fl AfinesRH, h an'b Bejribno xoAHib na pasHt 
cb MtAflUHH, HO CBHO HpaBRTeibCTBO yse He BunycRaao bi 
o6pan^eHie cepeSpaHHUxb AeHeiReR'b, nonaABBniHX'b vh ero saccu^ 
a noTOMy ohh Bcaopi^ HCMeara na pbmst. 



a) n. G. 3. Tom 4, M 1776. 

b) nioxyapii, cip. 102, ron 1. 



~ 219 — 

B'b 1704 ro^ Bunyiii[eH£i bi nepBufi pasi M^piufl ro- 
n'bfisH. SoniftRH* xpYAHte Sujio npoBecTH b'b Hapopoe o6pa- 
n^eme, xaRX BaEi ohh, He CTOJbRo 6ujih pasH^HHOio MOHOTOfo, 

CBOJIBRO npeACTaBHTCJIbHKlM'L BHaROMl HOHCTHOft eAHHHI^H , RO- 

Topafl 6uja en^e B'b 6ojrLmeMi> ROJiH^ecTBi^ na puHRt, h csfk- 
AOBaxejibHO aojhchu 6uj[h xoAHTb ea paBHt c^ cepeSpaHHUMH 

BOB'bftKaMH. npaBBTeJIbCTBO HOHEHaJIO 9T0 H BBOpJEO Ml^pUfl 

KontJisH BecbHa ocxoposHo. Biipo^eMi b^l 1706 roxy aejil^HO 

611J10 ^/i o qacTb sajEOBaHbfl bi» Hockb'6 bua^^^ urbAHUMH A6Hb- 

raiin^ KasHa se bi njiaTeflsaxi npHHHMaja h^ah^nh AOHbraMH 

TOJibRO V,5 AOJUo. B'b 1714 roAy sej'bHO B'b hojirh nocBiJiaTb 

saj&OBaHbe h Ha pacxoAi* B'b pasHUfl npHcyrcTBeHHUfl uicia 

pt TpeTH cepeSpoMX, a o^Hy ipeib Mtflbio *) ToJbRo non'b 

1'712 roAOHi Haxoji[HHi> OARH'b yRasi, noATBepasAaion^iS npH- 

%a3aHie CBofiopoH'b xoacA^Hin HtAHofi MOHeibi ^). MeiRAy 

Tin, KaBi Ao Bxoro BpeMenu h mcAi npasHTejibCTBO CA^jiajio 

yse SHa^iHTejibHUfl BunycRH Mifsfi. Bi 1713 roAy Bunyu^eHO 

6uio Ha oojMHJiJiioHa py6jiefi, a laRSKe bcji^ho 6ujio <ieRa- 

HBTb ccsepx^ aaBOAHUXTi A^aer^b npHfiujibHux^ no 200,000 p. 

Bi roAi>» ""). Boo6n^e sse C'b 1704 no I7l8 roA^b Bunyn^eno 

6hjio Ha 2,273,602 py6. m*ahhxi> A^Heri m^b 115,398 nyA- 

M^AH *^). EiTb cBJ^A'^Hifi TOMi, HB BaRyio cyMMy BbinynieHO 

6b[j[o M^AHUX'b AeneseR^b h nojrymeR'b ci 1700 no 1704 roA'b, 

HO cyMMa 9Ta He Morjia 6uTb sna^HTejibHa. B'b 1714 roAy 

HaxoAHHii ynaai, bi ROTopoMi roBopHiCH^ uto <m^ahbixti a^- 

Hen He A^Jiaib 6ojibme3>, ho ipyAHoip'bmnTb, HMteTi) m\ aroTb 

yRaai o6n^ee hjih qacraoe sna^eHie **), tbr^ rbri Htxi* loq- 



a) Ch. a. BpHRBepii. IlATHROnteVBHKH, OTp. 20 H 21. 

b) n. C. 3. TOirb 4, JIfi 2553. 

c) n. C. 3. TOWb 5, Jifi 2672. 

d) nioAyapi, TOM'b 1, cTp. 198. 

e) H. C. 3. TOKi 5, M 2762. 



— 220 - 

HMX'b CB^A^HJit lAAHofi MOHeT&, BUiiyii(eHHoft 1714 no 1718 
Ton%. B'^pnte Bcero cjLi^jijeT'b npe^no laraTb, * qxo 9111111 yEa- 
dOMi npeRpan^eHa BUA^^jiRa ne BooSn^e Aener'B, a AeneseEi. 

B'b BTOTL nepButt nepioAi BunycBa mI^ahux'b ffimn, 
HtAflae MOHeia Oujia aobojilho xflsejOBlbCHa. ^eHesBH h no- 
lyniRH 1700 rop ^eEaHMBCb no 12 py6. 80 Ron. h31 nyjia. 
Bi 1702 B 1703 rr. A^jaJiH hxi no 13 py6. 40 rob. ii3i 
nyxa, a ci 1704 no 1718 roxi RonMRH^ a^oskh h nojqmiBB 
no 20 py6. hs'b nyp % 

FpySocTb qeRaaa h caMaH TflseiOBi^CHOCTb MOHeni o6jer- 
qaJiH noAAibJiRy. He cHOTpa na ctporocTb BaEasaHifi sa eu- 
A'feJiBy <)ajibmuBofi MoneTu, BCEopt no BunycKt M^ABim ne- 
nen^ HBHjracb n ^aumHBUfl. Yme wb 1711 roAy Guio ap^* 
TOBano 33 oajibmnBbix'b MonerqHEa ^) 

BtpoflTHte Bcero, qTO hmobho 6oH3Hb boaa^jbh vbjlBui 
HOHexu BBBOJia HoTpa I na mab orpannqHTb efl ynorpefijeHie 

a BBeCTH SHJIJIOE'b. 

Bi> MoaeTBott chctohI^ 17 18 roAa, Rairb hu BH^^iH, 
ajTUflHHBn H Koni^fiRH BOJitflo qeRaHHTb cepeOpanflbix 38 npo(iu, 
a MtAHHfl cA'bJiaTb oahh nojiyniRH tohrlb, a^^u BopaMi otjh 

BBTb SUJIO BeJIb3fl, H RBRl Cepe6pflEBUfl, TBE'L U JA^HEtifl BO 
RpaflMl OneqaTUBBTb , no ROXOpUIl* AOHyCTHTb BO3M0SH0CTb<. 

Bi HHCTpyRi^iu BOOBOAaiFb, A^HHoft Bi flHBapt 17 19 ro;ia, 
npoAnRcaHO CMOTpixb, «qxo6bi A^BbrH b MOHexu 6b[jrH npaB* 
ABBLifl H nocxopoBEHX^b 6u «ajbmBBLixi> A^nen h HonenBi 
npoBHBiyif Be npBB03HJiH» % Gji^AOBaxejibBO, no CHCxeMik i7lS 
roAa pasMtnaafl Monexa bi* CBoeMi nocji'^AHenrb A^^JeniM ffism^ 

6uA2i COCXOflXb H3'b BJIXUBOB^b , ROni^CRl BH3R0fi, 38 npo6BI; 



a) JlaHaHCidft, cTp. 75. 

b) Cm. BpHKHepi. ILiTHKon., cip. 30, a taBac U, C. 3. TOirb 4, M 253^ 

c) n. C. 3. Tomb 5, ^ 3294. 



— 221 — 

H MtAHUx'B iioiymeEi no 40 py6. hsi nyAa, ho jiyiimaro <ic- 
Kaua, Bi> BH^axi npeAOiBpan^emfi qoaa'^jeeh. Bi o6pauieHiH 
ociaBajiacb BnpoMeui> h npesHAfl M'^AHaa Moaeia, EonibfiBH, 
AenesBH h nojiynmH, h tomko bi> 1724 ro^y flBJurexca pac- 
iiopflseflie o bum^h^, saTflflyBineMCfl BnpoqeMii na MHorie ro^u. 
GHCTeMa 1718 ro^a He SEUia ciporo npoBeAena bi sHSHb 
H cepeSpflflHufl RonifiBH, KaRs EasoTCfi, qoEannjiH toju>eo 
wh 1718 roAy, a bi cjiJ^AyiomteirB yise onflis qeEarajiH m^a- 

HUfl, XOTfl Bl MajIOMli EOJIHqeCTB^ *). ^MCTBHTeJLHO, BBeACBie 

GfljijioHa He TOJibEo ne ycxpaEHJio hoaa'J^jdsh MOHeTU, ho no- 
Bejio^ Kafi'L OEaaajiocb, wh nopfl^bssfb ajnuHOBi h Eonj^esi ce- 
peopaHHHXi., BMtCTO npesHell noMtjoui MtAHHXb EonteRi,. 
Vse wb 1721 roAy CeHaTi saaBJiflJii, ^to «He xy^oSii ajiibEH- 

HHRH OTCTaBHTb H BM^CTO HX'b OflTHBOnibeWIIBH HO 70 HpoSt 

Ai^axb ; h6o xaEie on oaj[bmHBiaxi> cuopj^e OTJiH^aicfl, Hesejiii 
flufiiniHflro h^m^ soTopbiH no 38 npo6'6 ni^JiaiOTCfl, ei> TOMys'b 
H Bi cqexaxi oSjier^enie dyAeii)* ^). Bi> 1722 ro^y nesfkno 
yse 6b[j[o ccHoipi^Tb naEp^nEo, htoSei Me&AY cepeOpaHHUMH 

MeJUSHMH A^HbraMH He 6bU[0 M^AHUXI, CTaUHblX'b H OlOBflHUXli, 

H AJifl noAJaro napoAy bo bc^xi i^epBBaxi qniaTb celt yEaai 
H noaaTb BopoBCEia Aenbrn no Majiomy wcjcy ryOepHaiopaHi 



a) niuAyapTi roBopHT'B, hto wl co6paHiflX'b MoneT'B oni» imrxb bc eaxo- 
Ju.li, cepc6pAHBiiixT> KonteKt 1719 h CAtff,. roAOBi». miieuepi* see (bo Mnjijiepy) 
rouopHTi>, HTO HeTpi) I 3aBpeTBjii» AtjiaTb cepcdpBBBUB KOBt&ttKH wb 1724 ro;xy 
noTOMy HTO HXi nojiirlijiuBajH bsi cBBBua B ojioBa. MHtiiic HIoAyapa BaMT. xa- 
KCTCfl 6ojite cnpaBeAJUiBUMi», BOTOHy hto bi> la^JBuaxi niyCepia mu naxo- 

lUMl, MtABUfl KOB'&ttKB 1719 TOJlfii. XOTB BOSj^B'&e , BT, 1721 TOffJ , Ha JOK^iajll* 
CeuaTa, HTO ^BOieaBO eCTb KOBtttKB H BOJiySKB Bai MtAU HCXaBBTB fl OBMB 

Ki> HtJiKOMy pacxoAy bjib bb odHtBi 6oiiiBiBX'b ACBeri» AcpxaTb^, IIcTpi 
OTBbHaj'b : MtABUX'b Aeaeri* Be AtJiaib , a AtJiaxb tojuiKo BOJiymKB , b to spo- 
TUBi cepefipjiBHUx'b Vto HacTb. 

Cm. n. C. 3. TOH'b 6, Jit 3743. moAyap'b^ tomi 1, CTp 16S. Monnaycs 
KasscB dee derniers trois siddes par T. F. de Schubert. Atlas. 

b) n. C. 3. TOH'B 6, ^ 3748, n. 12. 



— 222 - 

H BoeBopitrLY pSu CBfln^eHHiiKaMi* npn qieHiH o Ton cero 
ysada eapoAy oSiflBiflXb ^). 

TaBaa aeyAaqa ex 6hjb[J[ohomi> , upaACiaBJieHifl CenaTa h 
o6iqee fleco^BCiBie, a ocoSeaHO padBnBaBmaacfl noAA^Ra 3a- 
ciaBHJiH Deipa HSMi^HHTb CBOH) CHCieMy. Yme bi> 1721 roAj 
nepeciajm p!bAa.Th h cepe6pflHHue aJTUHU, a bi 1723 roAj, 
npH HeAOCTaT£% cpeACTBi» na BoeHmae pacxoAu, BejfbHO 6iiUo 
BunycTHTb MtAHue nfliEnson'beqHHSii no 40 pyOiefl wb ny^it, 
BM'bcTO cepe6pflHHUXi> 70 npo6u, Bais'L npeAcxaBJiflj'B GeHaxii ^> 

TaBnm oOpasoM'L, yise kl bohi^£ i^apcxBOBaHifl Qerpa 
BejiHBaro Mi^paa Moneia Bnojmi^ nojiyqua SHaqeme pasMifi- 
Hofi MOHexu, a nHXHBon'6eqHHBM, ^mme Bcero nopoAHBinie no 
H^wk Kb cxapfiUHi cepeOpflHHUHi BonMBaMi* h bi^ uerped- 

EOCTSWb pUHBa, A0JI2BHU 6UJIH IIOJiyqHXB BeCbM BasHoe 3Ha- 

qeaie bi* A^HesHOMii odpamtefim. 

BofflqecxBO nHXHBonfte^HHBOB'L , Bunyn^eHHoe npn Oexpt 
BejiiiBOMi>, 6KEJI0 BnpoqeHi> ae bcjoibo, — Bcero na 500,000 p. 
lIpH xoM'i>, ua BUA^JtBy nflxaBOBi bt> 1624 roAy sej^HO 6iiUo 
ynoxpediixB A^nesBH h nojiymBH, 6Hxufi ci 1700 no 1704 
roAi»; a xaBate A^HeaBBii n nojiyniBH, CnxuacL 1704 no 1718 
roAi>; BonJ^fiBH se, BuOnxue no 1718 roAii, npeAnoJioseHO 
nepoA^^iaxb bi» BontftBn noBaro pncynBa no 40 pyOJieft ci 
nyAa ""). Hnpoqem , cxapMXi> m^ahkix'l A^nerL npn Uexpt ne 
ycni^jiH nepoA^JiaxB BoiiJb bi naiaBH n aoBua BontfiBH. 

Ilpn EBaxepHHt I npaBHxejibcxBo cnosa xoxl^Jio B03Bpa- 
XHXbCfl wb cepe6pflHH0& padMi^nHoft Monex^ h na^aio 6hxii 
HejiByio cepeSpflnnyH) Honexy : qexBopxaBH, rpnaennHBH h Aase 



a) Cm. U. C. 3. tomt> 6, Jifi 4076 h A. BpHKHepi». nimnoiiteHBnKX^ 
CTpaB. 23 H 24. 

b) Cm. a. BpHKHepii. lUTHKOIltbYHHKH, CTp. 23 H 24. 

c) Cm. a. EpHKHepi, cip. 24. nioAyapi, cTp. 194. 



- 223 - 

ajTUHU; HO, RBKb HU BHX^JH, BUf^kSK^ qeiBepTafiOB'L H ai- 
TUHOB'L BCRopt iipiocTaHOBieHa, a rpHBeHHHRH BUnyiMCHU MO- 
10% 42 npo6u ^). 

HeasAy t^itl, yse bi> 1727 roxy bi ysaai saflSjeHO, 
>iTo apMifl HaxoAHTCH Bii BejuKOfi HeHcnpaBHOCTH , aanacHux'b 
MarasBLHOB'L ohta^ hc HMi&6TCfl, a Basemaro AenesHaro saiiH- 
xajia HHKaEoro irbTL; yaejimeHie najioroBi npeACiaajfljiocb a^- 

lOHli HeBOSMOaSHEDl'L , B 0C06eHH0 B'L A^HesHott ^opMft, Tasib 

RaRT> H noAyniHuft c6opi» nponsBOAHTCH HeHcnpaBHO h boctoahho 
HaRonjaexcfl neAOBMRa, h ^rro ocTaaajiocb oaho cpeACiBO «Ae- 
Herb yMHO&HTb». HesAy tI^mi cepeOpa He 6ujio; noApflAWSH 
Ha nocTaBEy cepeSpa OEaaaiHCb HeHcnpaBHUMH , h ne 6um 
HHfiaaofi HaAe&AU Ha CRopoe nojiyqeHie ero, ca m^&ah, RBri 

CEOeft, TBRli H CO CTOpOHEl nOJiy^HTb MOIBHO» , HO 9T0Hy npH- 

Baaaio 6uuio xorqacb me npHCxynHTb R'b BunycRy hathro- 
ofieqHHROB'b Ha 2 MHjijioHa py6iefi ^}. 

BpoM'6 Toro, Bii dTOHi me roAy, ho yise npH Qexpt n 

BeiJ^HO BUIiyCTHTb OAHH'b UHJIJOOHli M^^AHmi* Honi^eR'b H Ha 

nojMHJijdoHa nojiymeRi. Bbri Roni^fiRH, tbri h nojymRii, 
npeAHOJiarajocb nepeqeRaHHib h3i> ciapoft M^AHott MoneTU, 
BCTynHBinefi bi HOAymHufl cOop'b. Ho Ron^eR'b Oujio nepeA'b- 
Jiano Ha nojiMHuioHa , ociajibHafl cyHMa h noJiyuiRH nocry- 
nHJiH Ha BUA^JiBy nflTHRon'6eqHHROBi> , ROTopuxb bi* 1729 r. 
Beji'bHo CA'feJiaTb euifi aa oahhi> MHJiJiioHi> ""). 

H TBRi, B'b Teqenie mecTH ji^bii, ci> 1723 no 1729 



a) Bi» 1726 roAy HeicaHHJiH HtAHUA niHTU no acchth py6jiefi uvb njm ; 
py6jui, nojiTBHU, nojynoiTHBU u rpHseHHHKH ^Aa6u b'b rbxi* lUHTaxi hc 6ujio 
napoAHaro y6iiiTRy, a sopoBCTBoirb 6u TVtam> sc njuiTOBT> Atjian 6iiLso bcbos- 

MOaCBO H XOAHTb HVb Wb H&^OJI^ H B'b HOAaTH B'b KaaHJ** BO BUA'bJIKa BJIHTb 

BCKopt ocTaBJieBa. Cm. BpHKnep'b, ctp. 22 h JlaMaHCKift, cTp. 87 h 88. 

b) Cm. JlaMaacxitt, cTp. 88 h A. BpBKBep'b, cTp. 25. 

c) Cm. nioAyap'b, tom'b 1, ctp. 195 h BpmcBepii, cip, 23 h 27. 



— 224 -- 

roAb , BUnyii^eHO Sujbio bi. oSpaii^eHie orojio 3 Va hhjuIohobi 
nflTHE0D'6eqHi[R0B'L, HO ymeHbinnjiocb EOJiHuecTBo cxapoft lipoil 
MOHeiu, yuoTpe6j[flBmeKcfl, KaBb mu bhakm'B, Ha Bbi^i^y 

HOBOg. 

BnpoqeMii^ en^e bi> 1727 ro^y Raana atajOBaiacb hhto, 
^0 ciapuxi M^AHbix'L jifiEerb Hajio npHHOCATb Ha j^eHessiae 
popu. Bi 1729 roAy 6ijj[i> onpex'l^jieH'b Aase pyxM^CflUHufi 
cpofii pa B3Hoca, nocjit Koioparo ciapufl H'^AHUfl ^^wm 
AOJiamu 6ujih npHHHMaibca no Bi^cy n no i^tnt VLtffi. Ho 
CTapua H^AHbia a^hoikrh h nojiymEH xoahm bii HapoA'b cbo- 
OoAHo, As^6 Hocji^ sanpentemH iipBHHMaTb HXb b% uo^m i 
RaseHHbie cSopu, ao OEOHqaTOJibuaro BbmtHa acbxi MtAHUii 
ACHerx, HOCJi^AOBaBinaro bi> 1731 roAy "")• 

TaEi* Kaax Hi^AHafl Monera ae BUBoaHjacb 3arpaHiiQ[^a 
ocTaaajiacb BHyxpn HMnepm, B'b napoAHOMii oCpan^emH, to eo- 
jaqecTHO ea, BunyqeHHOc aasHOH) B'b pasHoe apeMfl pp 1730 
roAa H aaxoAHBUieecfl na pyccKom A^HeaBHomii puaii, ao;i- 
Aaeica xoia upadJiasHTejibHOMy ac^HcieHiio, Eone^rao ne snoiflt 
BtpHomy, xaE^b Eaaii h^tii xoqnux'L CB^A^Hi^ o nepeqeBaaaii 
OAHOii u Tott se MOflexbi. 

HeHSBtCTHa cyMiua A^HeaseEi h uojiymesi, BbmyqeaHHSi 
cii 1700 no 1704 roAi n no ysaay 1724 roAa nepeA^iaH- 

miXl> Bl HHTaEH. 

Ci 1704 no 1718 roAX BHnyn^eno Ha 2,273,000 py6. 
c'b 1718 no 1727 roA^ Eon-fefiBaMH h nojiyniKaiiH okojo 
100,000 py6. B'b 1728 h 1720 roAaxi EoutoE^ na V2 ^^^^' 
H cb 1724 — 1731 roAi* naraEOBt oeojio SVj iiH«ioflOBi» 

Cji^AOBaiejibHO , MOffiHO cinTaTb, nro kx 1718 roAY h^" 
xoAMocb B'b oOpaiiiieHiH m^ahoS uoneTbi na 2% HiiJi^oHa. 
Si> BOfijqy i^apcTBOBaHiH Ilexpa Be^Hsaro na 3V2 iHUioiia) 



a) JlaHaHCKitty cTp. 93. 



- 225 - 

npiHuafl BO BHHHaiiie to, qio ci 1724 roxa hobua Bunycn 
M'bAHoft MinieTU oocTOfla orqacTH mn nepe^ieRafleHHofi cxapott. 
HaioHCi^'B wb 1731 roAy, no GB^A^HiflMi GooSqaeimi'L IIIo- 
AyapoM'B, H^AfioJt MoneTu 6ujio wb oSpanteaiH hb 5,861,205 p/). 

Ho 9TH i^H^pu, onpeA^jflnu^ifl tomho embwctbo MOfleTU, 
BunynteHHoe RasHoio, fffiieso ne Moryn ffiTb Toqaaro noHaTia 
Haccb Mtxmm jmtn, HaxoxiBmuca xibicTBHTejibBO vb 
HapopoM'L oQpaqefliH 

JersoBftcBOCTB MOHOTU, 61 1718 roxa qeKaaeHOfi no 
40 py6j[eit EAb nyxa» h rpyOocTB caMaro ^esaBa BuauBan 
noAffbuy, o paaiiftpaxi KOTopofi cyxBib B60bMa TpyAflO. yae 
n nepBOMi yaaat, o BunycBft xftABiui nojymerb no 40 p* 
H3i nyxa Kb 1718 roAy, oSpaiiieflo 6ujo, Bairb hu BHAtjiH, 
oco5eBBoe BBHHaaie bb qeKaaii, vb bbabiii iipecftveflia cyqe* 
CTBOBaBmefi hoaaI^jkh. H A^ficTBBiejbHO , noAA^asa MiAHott 
loflem BCJiibACTBie aroi Hl^pu aoishb 6uaa yiieBBniHTbca, bo 
da TO fla^iajB aajuTbca bi> aapoAt h bi Eaocaxi bbbbu wb 
dflawrejhfloiii BOiH«ieoTBfi ^ajbuiBBue aJiTUBu. B% yaasaxi 
ci 1718 roAB oflaqaia roaopflTCfl rjaBBUMii o6pa80M!b o «aib- 
niHBoft cepeSpaflBoft MOBOTft, a BoroHb o MftAHott ^ bo noAA^JiRa 
eepeOpuBum ajxuBOBi h Koii6eBi» bo Mona 6biTb buioabBi 
ocoSoBBo ajnuflOBi, faA rpy6uft iiaTepiajii lerao oSjuqaii 
MJbmnyio Moaery, a noTOMy b noAA^ud ho Moraa npBBflTb 
ocoSoBBo fioibmBX'L paaic&poBi. 3a to cb BunycEOirb m^a- 

mXb HBTBKOfli^eqBflKOB'b BBBiaCb CBAbflafi BpBMBBBa Kb UOfr 

fMb : BB noAA^^Hott mobot^, mosbo Ouao, no HBfiBiio BasBU, 
noiyqHTb na njut 30 py6jieft npaCujiB, a no unibBiH) HBBHxa 
Ao 400 Vo ; ni» TOM'b TpyABO m bbofab jifiime cobc^mi* 6uao 

HeB03HOSBO OXaBWTb ^BJIbQIBByiO MOBOTy 0T1> BaCTOBU^efi, 



a) Cit SchlOzer, cTp. 212. JlaMaHCKift, crp. 93 h 94 u BIOAyapTiy CTp. 198. 

11 



- 226 — 

tAVh qto npa&HTejBOTBo npeAocreperaio mom ueatfrn, 
qT06ii OHH KaaeHHHX'E nmen He oSsBmajiH BopoBcimH. 

noAA^jKOH) nflTaioBi saHmiaiHCb BnyrpH Poecu qboin 
BoiinaHiaMH. cBopu pyccRie TUOEWb no hhth py6jiet nonni 
KOMnaHiflHH ontma h no opoMy xftjiy ci 140 qeiOBtsi 
laaneRO osoio 1727 roxa». Ho Bpoift Toro, nmBa i m 
sarpaem^'E npHBOSETb mAnmBue nflTHRon^eqHHSH ; — 9nn 
oco6eHHO saHHHaiHCb eapeH na noucKofi rpanHi^. 

BnocjTbACTKH npHBoa'B 4)ajiLuiiiBim> nflniKonfteranoB) 
naqajnb npoBdBopTBOH , ee touso no Bcefi eBponeftcsol rpa- 
HHu^, HO laise Hs^b Baaiasa, Ilepcui h Aase Banman '). 
OajbuiHByio Monery BiiroxHfte Bcero 6iiio oSirbHHBaTb n so- 
lOTO H crapufl MejBia cepeSpflBHua ffihhn hir bubom ^- 
rpaHHi^y , xoia ROHoqHO Mom BUBoairb h BCflRyio HW 
cepeSpflHHyio Monery. 

He CHorpfl na o^^HipaJbHUH CBHxIbTejbCTBa o m^ 

TOIbHOit nOM^JB^ M&XHOtt MOHem , TpyXHO OAHBRO Se f/SSi' 

cTRTb, HToSu OHB 6iua TBBi BejiHKa H Tas'b Bpepo xfeVcm- 
BBJia Ha HapoAHoe xosflttcTBO h x^iesnoe oGpan^eHie, xarb to- 
BopflTb micaTeiH, ocHOBUBaonpe cboi MF&Hiff na yKasaxi i 
pacnopa&eHiflX'b npaBHTejobCTaa tofo BpeiieHH ocHOCinejiHO 
HpeKpauieHia hoaa^kh Mtpott hobotu. 

HecoM HtHHO, TTO HoyAoScTBa orb yBenqenia wbxHoft lo- 
BOTH wh napoA'b qyacTBOBajio npesAo actx'b h fiojibuie acfin 

CBMO npaBHTeACTBO. 

Bo Becb paacMaTpHBaemiil hbhr nepioAi , ne cMorpfi ea 
BunycRH RaaeHHott uijuRoU MOHotfei h na npHJUB'b oajbimiBolt, 
TOBapnutt puHOR'b ocTaaajicH cpBepmcHHO cnoRoihiiorB, h ecu 
BpeMOHHbia RoieOaniH i^^hii h Qua, to npoHcxoAHiR on ne- 



a) CBtAtniA o noAAtjnct MOBeni aoboabo noApo6BO H3JoseBH y Bptf' 
Bepa, ctp. 29 H cjitA. 



- %21 - 

peH'bH'B wh MOHeTHoii enmauulk h otb ju)yrix'b npanHi, ho 
nHRaEi» He ox's HMHiuHflro HanjiUBa wb aapoAHOirb oSpaqeHiH 

M'feAHOtt M0H6TU. 

IIoTpe6HOCTB Bi> MeiEott MOHBTt Wb HapoA^ 6uia SHa^H- 

TeJIbHO BCJIilKa, CpaBRHTCiliiHO CO BCi^M'B ROWqeCTBOMli M^AHOtt 

MOHGTU, HaxoAHBHieflcfl Wb oSpaii^eHiH ; ho norpeGHOCTb aia, 
He cTOJibEo BuauBajacb noTpe6flOCTflHH oCpamema h pasBH- 
TieMi A^HesHaro xosflficTBa, CBOibKO A^HexHiUiH HaJoraHH. 

SpCAHTb MlbAHOtt MOUCTU OHHpaiGfl HB HpieM'b 66 Wb HOABTHUO 
nJBTeSH, H, BM^CTi CB^paBBHTiOMl AOHeSHUXl HajOFOBl, flBH- 
laCb B03H01RHOCTB H'^AHOfi MOHOT^ A6pHaTb0fl B'L pyCOKOfi MO. 
HOTHOtt CHCT6Mfi XVIII BtKB % 

B'L RBCcaxi npaBHTeibCTBa HaEoufljaob no npoHHyn^e- 
CTBy Mi^AH^ HOHexa h bto hb noTOiiy, qTo6u na fumsfb ohb 
HMl^a TOJKb£0 TBHoe GHOx^iajbHOB HaBHaqeHie, KBKii njaxesi 
nojiaT6tt, H HTo6u napoA'B HsSi^raA'b niaTexoit wb sasHy ce. 
pe5poMi; HO noTOHy mio mbjieoS copeGpflBHoit mohbtu ocia- 
Ba jocb Bi Hapopoirb oOpaqBHiH bcb HBHbniB h Meebme. Ha 
CTapyK) HBJERyH) MOHBTy, 6iaroAapH Biray&A^HHOMy HHBROiiy 
Rypcy , cnesyjuipoBajH, h cyqeciBOBajib Jias'b , Bci^ACTBiB 
^ero ee HeBuroAHO 6uio BdHOCHib no HOMHHajibHott h^bA wb 
njaxea'b noAaiefi, xoia npaBHXBJOiCTBO h bthhi nyxBHi, Bpeiiib 

daBynORl, BibpOHTHO TBHSB HOiyWJIO BHa^HTBJIbHOO ROJEH^BCTBO 

ea. HoBofi asB mbjikoS CBpe6pHHH0fi mohbtli 6ujio cjcHmROHb 
Majo. Fy6j[6Bafl HOHBTa, RBK'b MU yRa3aj[H Bume, 6ujia bb- 
•9HEa; HBJiorH bi> OTAtj[bHUxi> njiaieasHbiX'L aojihxi> npoACiaB- 
IHAH ropasAO MBHbmia cyMHU, a noTOMy ^l^ji^h aajifljiacb hoiith 
acRjiH)iiHTBJbHUHi> opyAiBHi* HJiaTeaKa noAaxeK. IIosAH'bB ii'b- 
CRo^RO MU Bcxp'bqaeM'b 3aflBJieHie Ceaaxa, 6jih3bo 3Ha£OMaro 



b) nocTOAHBaro paaMtaa MtAHoft mohctu he cepe6p<HHyi) npasHTejibCTBO 
Be npOHaeoAiuo, xota ae 6ujio h aanpemcaitt upoaaBOAHib TtKoik pasiitBi, 



ci Torx&mmiirB lOJioseHieMi n^bn: «He 6e3ii3B'6cTHO ecrb, 
vro BO Bceni rocyAapcTBi^ bi rjaBHue c6<vpu. a HHeHHO' bi 
noAymniatt R b'b saSai^Rifi, a ocoSihbo b'l qapowyio npoAaxy, 
SoAmeio ^acTin vpviojifiTh M^pue iiflTEKonieqHHBH, h6o Apy- 
rofl neiBOi iioHeTu, abo to: AeaeseB'B h nojiynieBi. He fp- 
BOJbHO HaxopTOfl> '). 

BuiH CO cTopoHH iipaBiiT6ibGTBa noHMTKR orpaHHwn» 
npioHi MftAK Toibso HtaOMpithH cfiopaHR, a Wh ocraibHim 
Tpe6oBan BJiaiesa cepeSpoMi*, bo &m onuTtf Shjh Becbia 
onacHM. Tan, rai> SaaaHli bi tV26 roxy saJioBaxHCb irikRo- 
Topufl aofi^ noiyqBBflria sajMtanbe iitxbio, «^to xyiieiqrie 
jioAH lAjuaun nenhVE HHsaTTO Be ^yrb, a orroBapiiBanfcir 
T^wb^ no y HRX'B B'B noAymtlii8 njaTexi Ttxi BrtiHtm 
Aeaerb He npHHHManrb, a Tpe6ymT% Boe cepefipBHBKm, i sa 
Tftm Wh TUXfmA BOflBHii npinia<coB% h MaTepiajioBi uhbtch 
ocTBHOBBa H npoAOJneHie» % 

n^oipnecKH noBTopABDii^ bstocu sibpofi noHera bi 
Ba3Hy cocTABJifliH BocbMB BHaYBTejLByio nftCTb Bcet iAahoI 
MOHOTU, HaxoxHBmeScH Bi oSpaqefliH. |(0CTaT0«iH0 yKasaxb 
Hanp Ha to, tto opofl HojKymHofi boahth Hoctynajio BaxAue 
nojroAB, HO nepBOl peBHsiii 1733 toffa^ okoMo AByti mjuio- 
HOBi pyfixell % npH ToiTB, iDFiHrt^lKii HyjKytKHot noABTH ¥pe6o- 
BBjrb nenien ropasffo <Sojibme Hoxyn^pBofl oaJraABoS cyMMU. 

B% to BpOMfl, BBBl OAHHl ffOHyTOAOBOit OBJmjtb B3H0CklCfl Bl 



a) Cm. BpHKHepi, crp. 48. 

b) Cm. a. BpHKBepi, orp. 51. 

c) no oepBott pensiH 1723 ro/ut oqMTaioob 5,794,928 peBHacxmci xynrK 
KpoMt Taiapii, SBTe4ett ocnettcxflzi npoBBBiatt b Ma4opocGiB. IIpH BTopoft pe- 
BBaiB i 743 roAa CHBTajiocb 7,363,318 peBBacKBZ'b Ayurb QoAymBaB no^an apB 
IleTpii I cBanajia paBBiuacB 80 koh., a botomti 74; npB ExaTepRBt I jMes^ 
ment c6op% 4 BontftxaMB, a nps ELmcaBert b% 1754 roAy yMeBbmea^ oiun 
6 xonftftKavB. Cm. Storch Gemttlde, rowb 1, erp. 313. b Hcropis •BHaacoBHrb 
ytpemnfivilk rpaea Toicnro, erp. 35. 



— 229 — 

Ka3Hy, HM Apyroro npeACTosBmaro niaieaa opuoAUOCb ua- 
TejLbu^HKaiiii HaKOuuTb nocTeuMHO MOHery nm SyAyqaro 
luaxesa, laKi naxh, npH HajioHi ncjA pinion nocToaa- 
Huxi g npa cjaOoMi pasBHTia x^eaiaro xoaattcTaa^ o6iifeH'b 
cupuii npoAyaioBi aa a^huh ae aoerAa npeACTaaujica bus- 
MosflUM'B. Ho ae oAaa toiuo noAymaaa uojujub Tp66aBa,fa 
SHawTeiiiBott cyMMbi m^ahuxi A^Hen ; Apyn^ lajtoia , aaai 
BHaautt, couBOtt^ aiaTHjacb laRxe mIauoi *). 

GxftAyorb aantTBTb npa tomi, ^to ae oiospa la aeaaa- 
4BTe4bBoe BoiaijecTBo m^auoA MoaeTU aa pnaife aca cpaaaa- 
leaao SojibBiaa cyma rocyAap6TBfiiBiii% Aoiioaobi mofm 
B3HocaT&ca HcaiioqaT6JU>BO OABOM) M^AWW Moaeioio: npaaa- 
xeibCTBo flOJiywio aoioau bi le^wie Boero roAS, a wb tc- 
me xe Bcero roAa apoaaBOAaio pao^OAbi) ao aiojiy qabb a 
Taie MOfleia aoria wb le^eaie roAa aftoaottao paai aocTynaTb 
i BuxoAMTb mb rocyAapcTBeaaux'b aacob. 



a) HHTopeeBu aaAaxeiuA siuiafl ipeplSaTOBa no MOMy oonpocy, xota ouh 
a OTHocxTCii rb noaAHtttineMy speMeHH. Ohti roBopHrb : pJcTtLBowb o BMiit 
.noBeitBo, ^To6u oTKynnuuM luaTHiui TaxoBUKH AeHbraicM, xaxoBue y bbxi 
«Bi c6opt liiiBaiirb. Ha xatocaxi lUDrB aa airini, hjui aa rpBBny, a avKorAa 
•Be TOjbKo aa aaiapyfLieByD acoBraaiiiD, ao aase aa py6A kto Biinaaaerb. 
nChxi oTKynaux'b AeHerb bi* MocBBt MoxerB co6paTbca ao Hajunoaa xayxii- 
•coTi THomi py6jeBT>, cjitACTBeaao, okojo era tucbhi pytfjeai 6yAen aax- 
nOA n%CMsn> 

«Cojb xaKse , esejia 6u a Bct Kyjiaiia noKyaajia, a ijrb Btn» Taxoft 

accBraaiaa, aoTopaa 6u Morjia sa ayjib coia 6uTb aaniUHeaa a cojb Majo 

Kfuwn ttOKjndJorby ao 6epyrB ee nyAaiia a aaorAa a oyaTaiia; cax'b Aeaen 
« mataB, no imoroaapoAii) Mockbu, edeperea ao mecTBAecaia tuotnh py(Ueu>. 

„TaKi no Hoexy cnery, a aoaeHBO a ae bo Maoroirb oma6ai)eb, npaxo- 
xm BApyn> aa noAaptnAeaie 6aBxa Aeraott Moaera, cb y6aBaoD ee nftnu, 
cjiamaoMi MaAAioai*, Aa exentcaHaaro noAxptuAeaia no cTy, no mecraAeciiTa 
niCAHb; Aa eme roAOuaro ao era Tucanb. Ho laserca Nat, a cero eme Ha.io, 
Aa6u ynaaaTb 6e3TpyABoe o^paa^eBie utMMUxrb Aoaerb bi* MocaBi, a Aoporo* 
BB3Bb npoHtay OTMtaaTb^. CicoTp. Paaaiu coHaaeaia xaaaa M. M. IUep6a- 
TOBa, crpaa. 132. 



~ 230 — 

Bii o6£iEHOBeHHoe BpeMfl, Rorsa npasHTeibCTBO He oco- 
SeHHo HysAajocL wb SBOHSoit MOHeT'6, HtAHiifl A^HbrH nanoji- 
BflBmlH ero xaccu npeACTaBJisjii Sonmifl saTpyAHeHifl. Opa 
nepecujiBa TpeSoBajia 5ojiLmHxii pacxoAOBii n conpEseHa 6uja 
Cb aaTpYAHeHiflMH h ocraHOBKaHH. H:6AHyio KaBeHHyn) MOHery 
pa8B03Hj[H oSiisHOBeHHO DapTiHHH , noASHAaH cjiy^afl^ Tucim 
no 20 H OoJri^e pyfijiefi, noA^ ocoOuMb ROHBoeM'b. HfloPAa ot- 
ABfiaJH nociaBRy MOHeru no noApflAaH'b MacTHUNi nqavB, a 
raorxa Radsa nepeBosHia caMa. KsAepsRH npoBosa Gun {(^ 
BOJBHO SHaTOTejBHiii. Tbri Haop. BT> 1760 roAY Aomm 
Mi&pofi MOHeni hbi ERaTepBHeeOypra oOoniJiacb b% 23 koo. 
nyAi. Bi ffbROTopuxi MfecTaxii f^Jin nepecujucH iioAynmoi 00- 

m 

AaxM H APF^^ cyMM'b, Go6HpaBniHicfi M'&AHOiD MOHeToio.itcnoe 
Ha^ajibctBO BBopjio ocoGue HaKJiaAHue c6opu cneipaAHO mi 
noRpuTifl H3Aep»eRi> npoBOsa H'ftAHofi MOReru. Rpoii nepe- 
cujiRH MOHeTu, meTb H xpaaeHie ea upeACxaBJiflJui taKse sa- 
TpyAReHifl. TpeSoBaica qacTO oco6ufl niTarL jdh^i ciier^HBOBi. 
M^nmoHoci^eBii h aP- > b laBase a^ xpaeeHiH yAoOfliifl h 0^ 
mHpHiiifl noM^qeHia. ]i^JLfi ycTpaneHia bc^xii aiBXii BeyAo6cTBi, 
a ocoSeHHo saTpyAHeHift, B03HHKaBmHxi» oti> MCAJieHHofi, A^poroi 
H He GBoeBpeHeHBofl nepecuuucH MOHeiu, npHHmiaiHCB pasw- 
HII8 H'bpu. TaRi nepecujRa noAaTHuxi cSopoBii bi neiep- 
Gyprx 6Kij[a bo MHorHxi> cjyqaax'L oiiii^HHeMa. IIo ocoSunb 
accnrH0BRaMi> (accHreaipflMb) cyHMiii nepeBOAHJACb npavo h3i> 
MtCTb iiojiy^eHifl bi m'^ctb pacxoAOBaeifl , 4T0 3uaMHTej[biii' 
coRpaiqaio nepeBOSEy M^AHott MOHeTu. Cl HSAaflieMii aeficeab 
Haro ybxaaa bi 1729 roAy aajaioTCfl pacuopaseHifl nept*- 
BOAt njaieasefl no BeBcejHM'b na RaseHHua Mtcxa hjh hh 
MacTBuxi mTi;h. 

Ho Bci saTpyAHema orb oCpauteaia irbAHofi Hoaeru, bh 
naAaBmlfl sa jiflm rbshu, HHCEOJibRO ne bjiIbjih aa icbEnonh 



— 231 - 

lAAHoft MOHCTU H 6ujH He ocoSemo qyBCTBHTejbHU , ecjH 
saBHft npencTOfljio ji/bJLBHh pacxoAU BHyipH CTpaHU. 

He TO 6uio Bi BOOHHoe Bpeiui. Coffepaame BottcEa na 
rpaHm^axi thniepiH hjh sarpaHin^eio ipeGoBajo cepeGpa. Dpa- 
BirejibCTBO npHHy&AOHO 6uio oGi^HHBaTii Mi^p Ha cepeGpo, 
a A«SH 6ojite CRoparo h B^bpnaro BUHtaa caMo naBHaqaio mmh. 
dra noKynKa cepeSpaHHofi HOHera Ha M^pyio^ AJIH sKcrpeH- 
EhVL'b pacxoAOBi, HaqajEacb eqe npH Herpfe I, no cjiy^aio 
BofiHU, H noBTopaercfl noqiH bo BecE XYIII b^e^. SnaMeHii- 
TuiTb yxasoirB 23 anpiia 1711 roAa« vflk np^nHCHBaercH 
cjieHerb naKb boshosho co6HpaTL, noHexe neEbn cyrb apie- 
pieio BOttHii*^ yqpe&AeH& Kyneipsafl najaxa, ci HcsjuouTejib- 
Hon jslbihK nonyiiBH cepe6pa Ha MOHeTHue popu, h Bei^Ho 
uaTHTb 3a Meiajcjn h aa crapufl nfiEWB cno i^toaHi 6e3'b 
^ero MHROBHTb OyAO'Tb neBOSMosHO, a GojDbnie dnnrb f^wk 
flHiOMy H6 3aHHHaTbCH>. Tose nOBTOpfllOCb JUBim Vh iiapcTBo- 
BBHie ERaiepHHu II. 

Bi p%ABHx% cjiy<iaHXii, Rail nanp. bi 1735 ro^y, npa- 
BHTejibCTBo orpaHH^HBajiocb riwbj nro Banpeqajo BcbMi opu- 
cyTCTBeHHUMii M'bCTairb npOHSBoprb njaTesH BHyxpH HHnepiH 
cepeCpoHi^ 6e3i> npepopHrejbHbix'b cnpaBORi wb BpHrcb-ROM- 
HHCcapiaT'6. 

TaRHMi> o6pa30&rb, rjiaeHue n hotth esHHCiBeHHue cjiy- 
nm jasa, npH pasM'bHi m^ahoS HOHexbi na cepeOpo, Bbi3biBa- 

JIHCb, RaRl MU BHAHSTb, CaHHMl npaBHTejbCTBOMX. 

IIpaBAa, MU BCipiqaeMi, uto h qacxpufl jHi^a, oco6eHHO 
«a6pnRanTb[ 30JiOTbix'b h cepe6pflHHbix'b HSA^Jiift, njaTHJiH 
HHorAa Jiaasi, i\\m noRynst cepeSpaHHofi MOHeiu, a oco6eHHO 
ciapuxi A^Horb. Ho h bi> dTHXi* cjiy^aaxi npaBHiejibCTBO 
caMO, cbohmh 3anpeTHTejbHb[Mii H'bpaMH, BusuBajio noAoSHMa 
aB4eHifl. Ba3Ha cana noayiiajia ciapufl Roni&ttRH ci> HaAAU- 



~ 232 - 
^eio 10% , a qacmiH'B jni^aiii sanpeu^eno 61110 wstamm 

$a6pHKaflTa»!b se mhotuxi h cepeSpaHHini m^ixSt 
A03BOJiiiiocb BUjmmBVTb 30I0T0 H cepe6po h31> sarpamopi no 
secbMa rasEHirB, RaaHOD onpejs^MEwawb i^taavL, hjr se no- 
synaTb wb aeSoJiuiHX'b paui^paxi na HOHeTHHXi» xBopaibno 
nepej^AHoft i^h6. Ha Tafiixi ycjiOBifl&i» eik coBepmeHHo 
HejbSH 6iiJio AocraTB Bojoia a cepeftpa , wo noioiTHBaiH 1 
KaseafiHe no^QUiAWSR, not se oho AOCTaaaiocB oqeab Aopom 
Tan wo npoAasa oaCpHwuxi EBuiM^ no i^'fenaHi, npi Tom 
onpeA^UBiniMCfl fiasHOio, 6uia cKmepnieKHo HeB03H08Ha. Ho r 
wh BTHXB Giyvaaxi lasi cyiiiecTBOBa^ii npi noKynrtcn* 
puxi AdHori. HeypBixettHO no BTOHy, nro maBmmft^ 
]ij(6ffifl He Morn y^eiMKaTb otb nepenjiaBa CTapuxi cepe&tiHr 
Huxii AeHerb h on jasa npn noByni'b hx%, saKi aa noioe 
cepeGpo, xasi h na uAnh. ^fluat Ea ilMneparopcROHy BeiE- 
qecTBy h3B'6ctho yqHHHJiocb^ roaopHTB yRaBii 1730 vofi^i ^ 
noByMeHTHiae oaSpHEanTU h cepe6pHBHaro A^bjm Macxepa, ^^' 
MtHEBaa HBi napoAy cepe6pflHHyio Moaeiy h cxapHfl Mejoos 
AeHbra, Ha m^ahuh A^Hbra cb npHAaqeio, h ynoxpeOjaioTi 
CDiaBiHBaa wb noByiieHTU h upo^ee. A noaese oHoe £11 to- 
nepaTopcBaro BejiHHecTBa yRaBaifb n HHtepecy BecbHa npo* 
THBHO H Ro BceHapoAHOMy y6BiTRy npHHaAJteasHTi^ TaKBHi na- 
poAHUMb pasopHTejiHH'b quHHTb CHepTHyio Ra3Hb». dro Be 
eAHHCTBeHHiiifl yBa3i> Bb CBoeM'b poA^, a hxii Okuh u^bshA pnp") 

BpoMi BTHXTi npHqHffb, BKisuBaBniHxi HHorAB laarb np^i 
o6m%h'6 vfbjifL Ha cepeOpo, hjh jyyme, cTapofl MOHeiu aa ho- 
Byio, M02KH0 AonycTHTb H en^e H'bROTopKifl, Taase BpeHeaHO 
cjiyqa&HO BKiBMBaBfflie jas'b. IloAA^JiUBaTejiH <>ajibiiiHBofi mo- 
nexKi, oco6eHHo BUBOBHBUiie ee nai 3arpaHHi](u, moriH HJiaTHTb 



a) Cm. oco6eHBo y BpuEHepai crp. 11. 



- 233 - 

jas'B) He cMOTpfl ea aanpen^ema bubobe h cnjiaBa cepe5p»H- 
Hux'B A^HerB, hgcoiih^hho A^ftcTBOBaBiuHXii Ha no.iH&efiie hx% 
i^tHHOCTH. Ho noxA^JKa oMbinHBOtl MOHeiu onasajiacb, saR'B 
yBHAHHik, HMeno Hemme t%xi> apepoioseflifi ^ soTopua a%* 
a9lm caMo upaBHTejibCTBO H HtoOTopufl ^acTHUfl XHi^a. bu- 
Bosii cepeSpa B^ o6utwb m oaibmHByio Moaery 6uj['b ciHin- 
BOM'b HH<iTO&eirb, qToOu BJiiflTb Ha noHHseHie i^hbocth m^^a- 
Hott MoaoTU, npi TOM'b cepefipo onirrb me h BOBBpaqajocb bi 
PoccuD. fi'L BTOMi cjiy^ialb jas'b 6uj[ii iiBjeRieirb BpeMeHHbiii'b 
H cjiy^aflHUMb, H HI CROJbso He Moserb, saHi h bii aume- 
npHBeAdflHUX'b cjiy4aaxi>, cjysHTb AOB&MTeibOTBOirb yuaAsa 

KpOAHTa H ICbHHOCTH ITbAHOit MOHeTU. 

DoAA^JTRa irbAHofi MOHeTU A^ftcTBHreibHO Morja Ouib 
tecbMd BpeAHOH) nnn AeneiBHaro pbiiiEa Poccin. IIpaBHTejibCTBO 
npesAe bc^xi aojtsho 6biJio no^BciBOBaib onacnocib. yase 

OXHO TO^ HTO pblHOKl CHaGxa^lCfl MtpOH) MOHeiOH) He TOAbRO 
npaBHTeJbCTBODTb HO H nOCTOpOHHHMH JHI^BNH, 6UJ0 yOblTO^IHO 

pa Ra3Hbi H flBJiajiocb cnocaratejibCTBOfirb Ha npasa, Ropoai^ 
npHHaAJiesau^ifl». 

H Sedi Toro M'bAb ho^th HCEJiiOMRTeAbHO HanojHflJia rbccu 
npaBHTejibCTBa, a npn nfljLhnMmQVi^ pasBHiin hoaa^Jikh^ mn 
nacTb KpeAHTi Mi^AHutt MOHeiu, h bi> cjiyuai^ BofiHU^ npasH- 

TejbCTBO He HM^JIO SU B03H01SU0CTH 6e3'b OOJIblUHXli nOHCOpT- 

BOBanift Aociaxb cepeSpa, TaBi> Eaai oho hoctoahho h 6e3B03- 
BpaiHo Hc^esajo h31» ero pyRi». 

Ho dia onacHOCTb Morjia npeACToaib xoibRo b/> oyAy- 
Tumii. HpaBHTejbCTBO me, nojy^aa bo^ aoioau m^ahoio ho- 
H6T0K>, HO Horjio o6iacHHTb laROFo BBJieHia HHa^e, RaBii na* 
njuBOHi Bi» uapoAi^ oaibiuuBuxi A6Heri>. Oho snajiO) ^to rh- 
seHHott H0H6TU Bboiyu^eHo 6biJio He6ojibmoe Roin^ecTBO , a 
MesAy T^Mi Bci AoxoAu nojiyvajio h^ai^id^ ae cnoipa Ha to, 



— 234 - 

TOO AOXOAU 9TH Bi roAOBott ciosHOOiH npeBOCiOAHU Bpoe 
Hifl BTpoe BciD Maccy KaseHHoft M^poit noHeru. 

B'L 1730 roAY ^ ^^ hba^hi Ohjii ysasii, bi soropoii 
csaaafio: cIloHexe Qi'i> yMHOseeifl mcishxi A^Herb, Koropui 
b'b npomeAuiie roAU a^JISIhu pasmuiH npoSaiu, a hhua h 6m 
apo6%, wh Tony se bi npomoAinyi) AOA^OBpeiieHHyM) Botay 
3a yMBiieflieirb cepeSpamott HOHeTUn a^^hu m^ahua mohctu^ 
a HMeHHo nojiyiBEB, AOHeiuH, KonibftEH h nflmonfie^HiKH, i 

BBEl B'L Cepe6piIHHUlX , XaSli H Bl MlbAHUI'L MOHBTaXl, KO- 
TOpUfl BB paSflUX^ COpxaXl H AOCXOHfiCTBaXl* COCTOffrb, Bl 

uapoAt M€&Ay saseHHUMU abuubdicb h BopoBCRia, a oeoSiiBo 
B'b Mi&AHHXi> MOHeraxii , h He xowo BflyipH rocyA&P<'™ w- 
poBCKH A^Ji^&ioi^> HO H3i» sarpaHJU^ qysHxi npHBoaflrii rafiflo 
H Bi HapoA'B nycEBiOTi, a bmI^cto loro, sojotua h cepe6{&ft- 
Hua HOHexu h3i> rocyA^pcTBa bohi BUB03flTii, oti> qero roc)- 
AapcTBeHHufi BpeAi» h napoAHaa xarocTB npoacxoAurb ; o >ieii> 
H MOHexaafl BOHXopa jmoroe npeAcxaBieHie mmnjia. Toru pajgi 
npaBHxejibcxByioiivft Geaaxii, cjymaBB Monexfloft Kaiqejflpui 
npeAcxajaeuifl o BEiM^Ht h31> napoAa mcjiebxb cepe6pflHfluxi 
Aeiierh h o ](%A BH:kcxo OHUXi pyOjiesoft mohcxu^ paacysiiafl 

npH X0M1> H M^AHUXB MOHexaXl, BaEHMli 6iii oSpasoHB oiiuxi 

xaKoisA^ h31> aapoAa BUHtHflXb, npnEasajm : nonese oaoe A'^'^ 
BaxHoe H xpeCyexTi pascysA^fiiH AOBOJibHaro h qpesi MHoroe 
qncjo rociocoBi>, AaSu mofar 6uxb BCb xoro A^Jia, o6cTOHTejb- 
cxBa Hscji^AOBaHU h Hcxoj[SOBaHbi> , cocxaBHXb AJifl pascysxe 
Hifl o6l 3xou'b npeAHexi^ ocoSyio soHMHCciio % 

KoMMHccifl dxa AOJiBEHa Oujeb oScyAHCb h HSUCEaxb Mtpu 
^EaBEMii o6pa30irL Sesi A^J^^Haro EaseHHaro ySbiTsa u ea- 
poAHofi xflrocxH npesHifl MejiBifl cepe6pflHHbifl h MftAHua a^hbik 
H3'b iiapoAa BbiMtoaxb mosho n BopeAi EaEHMB noHerairbBi 



a) Cm. BpiiKHepi, erp. 52. 



HapoA^ xoffRTb uoTpeOno h BopoBCBifl npec^qb, h paacHOTpfl^ 
noAHTb Bi GeHarb». 

Bi CBoeMii m^ctb MM yKasajiH Ha tb nepemiHU bi ce- 

pe6pflHH0fl H 30J[0T0fi MOHOTik , KOTOpUfl CA^jaHU 6UJIH Bl 
BTO BpeMff. 

?T0 se Kacaeicfl M^poil mohctm, to RopeHHoe HBiflTie 
efl 113% o5paiq6Hifl Tpe6oBa.io Sojbmflxi cpeACTBi* co CTopoHU 
rocyAapcTBa, ]ifl h BpuAii m 5ujio oco6eHHO xejiaiejibHO ; xota 

HeHSBi^6TH0, VTb KaRHMX p'bUieRiflM'B lipHIUJia ROMMHCCifl OTHO- 

CHTejibHo mijifiolk MOHeiu^ h bii ^leHi* BH^^jia oea npmHHy 
AYpHaro biIrhIh M^AHofi MOHeTU na napoAHoe xoaaficTBO^ ho 
cyAfl no rkm^ M^pam, na ROTopua ptmnjocb npaBHTOJibCTBO, 

BHAHO, qiO rjIBBHOe 3J0 npHnHCUBaJIH H3JIIIfflHeMy ROJIRiieCTBy 

MtAHofi MOHGTu, Bci'tACTBie RaHJiuBa oajibniHBOtl, a AjnmiuM'h 
cpeACTBOMi ycTpaHHTb 9T0 3J0 cnmMVL npifBeAeHie HOMnnajb- 

HOil IttlBHOCTH N%AHOit MOHCTU Bl> COOTB^CTBie Cb Cfl BHyt- 
peHHeiO II[1&HH0CTi]0^ T. e. Cl I^i^HOlO M'bAH. 

CjbAys 9T0Hy, npaBHTejibCTBo pioiHJiocb aaMtHHTb cy- 
u^ecTBOBaBBiyH) B'b o6pau(emH M'^ARyio HOHeiy hobom), 6oAte 
THseiOB'bcHOH) , DO 10 py6. bi nyA'6. dToio Mtpoio Ra3Ha 
HaA'bnJiacb rjaBHum oSpasoHb oiBpaTHTb noAA^JiRy, ne no- 
jiaraacb hb Apynn cpeACTBa ycipaHHTb ^to 3jio (naASop'b, 
jiyqmitt ^eRavb). 

Cnaiiajia opHCTynHJiH wh BuiiiHy Bcefi MejRoti MoueTU — 
Ron^eRi, A^HeseRTi u nojiymeRii. Yse c^b AeRaOpa 1730 roAa, 
Ha^ajm ^eRauHTb hobuh A^^nesRH h nojiymRH no 10 py6. bi 
nyA^. «9to Sujra cojiHAHMiuaa H^AHafl MOHora bo Bceft to- 
TAamHett Eapoai!* roBopHTi Qljei^epi*. 

M£AHi>iff A^HesRRH H nojymRH^ eiqe c'b 1700 roAa ocia- 
BaBndflCfi Bi HapoA^o ^^ CMoipa Ha 3anpenteRie hxi npHHH- 
Maib wb HJiaTeas'b ooAaxeii, A<>3B0JieH0 6biJ[0 chobb npHHiiMaib 
Ao 1731 roAa B'b nHreftHue cSopu h oTciuaib Ha MOHeTHue 



- 236 - 

ABopu. RonifiKH npexnicaHo 5iuo npencTaBiiTb n o6iAHy m 
HOBBifl, ffb xeqeHie ipexi H^fli^eBi, Bi 1731 roxy bca era 
CTapafl Hoaeia 6£ua oSiflueHa naiaroK) 113% o6paii|cmfl, a 
nyOffisa noon^piiJiacii fffiime nepajUBaTb oeraBmyttca oiapyio 
MOHCTy &*& nocyAy, nuan me npHHocnib aa HOHerHue joepu ao 
u^twk H'bAH. 3a nyA'B aacioantixi lOnieKii uaTHJU 6 py6. 
75 EouieK'b, a sa nyAi noiymeffb h oajuiiuuxi sonien 
luaTHJDi no 5 py6. 50 lonten. 

HoBbm AeaeaseKi h noiymerb 10 pySieaaro Kb nyA^ 
B^cy fii 1734 roAy aejiHO Sbiio yMfioaoiTb acero ao 3,000,UOo 
pySjeft % TaKHMi oGpasoHii, aa pbinafi ooTaBajuob nocaft ae- 
poAi^ia ciapott MOHeibi touko uaTiBonfteuMEH a aoabie xe- 
aexKH a noiyniKH. 

GjEl^AyH npaaaroit CHcieiift, ayxao Sbiio a naxHsoatoi- 
aaiH nepeneqaTaib wb OABOoSpaaabdt Btci». GeaaTk airtn 
yse roTOBbift apoaarb, no aoropoxy npepojrarajocb ao aai 
1731 roAa asiaxb asi oSpaateaia a naiBRonftewafiH, npaaa- 
MBM Hi'b BO Boaaie c6opbi a oSMi^aaaaa aa cepeCpaaabia A^Hbrii 
a aoBbia j^mdmjSE a noiyniaa; botomi nepeaeuTaxb an ai 
KonMaa no 8 pySaett <rb nyAa, «Tro6bi^Bopairb noAAiUbiaarb 
6buo aea34ero», a aycTKTb onaxb ai aapoABoe oOpaa^eaie. Uo 
xaab aaai n axo apeiia aoiaqecxBO naxaaoai, Bbmya^eaubixi 
Bi aapoABoe oGpaqeaie aasaoio aii pasaoe apeiia cwxaiH aa 
3,172,929 pyGieil, a no nepene^axaft ax'b ai aonftfiaa oaa- 
aajocb 6bi acero 648,344 py6jifl, xo Bbinoiaeaie xaaoro opo- 
aaxa o6omjocb 6bi aaaai ai 2,524,585 py6jeil ^3. 

ffiepxaa a^a apaaaxeibcxaa , npa ero xexAamaax-b cpeA- 



a) no nitopxy ci 1735 no 1751 roj7> BiinymeBO 6iuo Bcero oa ?,809,$?0 
py6jictt HtAHott MOHeTu Cours d'Seonomie politique, toni 4, CTp. 302 CHorp. 
laKxe JIaxaHCKift, crp. 96. 

b) fipiocBep^, orp. 72. 



- 23t - 

cTsaxiy 6bijia cjmmon BemKa, h noroiiy npodKn octcIbjichi 
6e3i» HcnojHeHifl. Bi xony se BOSHHRajTB en^e Bonpoci o toh i>, 
Karb nocTynHTb ci oaibnniBBiiai nffniRoni^eqiniRaMH, boto- 
pux'b qacTO nejb3H Obuo coBctob oTjni^Tb ovb HacTOflipx'b ; 
a Bonpoci TOMb, Raxoe ROJiiraecTBO HXb uaxoAHJOcb bt* o6pa- 
iqeiiiH, pftmHTb Sbiio Tpypo. OpH jsjMm^ nro ^aJibrnHBuxb 
nflraKOB'b 6bijio B6CbMa mmo Wh Hapofli^; APyrie se, RaRb nanp. 
MHHHX'b, npepojiarajib , qro opiixb ^ajTbiniiBbiXb naraROBb 
ofipan^aercfl Bb Bapoj^b He uenbrne 6 MHijdoHOBb pySieft, — 
BMtcTft cb HacTOflntHm BCH cynia ntiTaROBb, no ero HHtHiio, 
npocTNpajiaob jsfl 10 HHJijnoHOBb pySieil. Bb BH^y TaRBXb cjy- 
MailHocTeM, npaBHieibCTBO He pbmajiocb, hh cbmo Sparb na 
cefiH noTepH Bbnsyna, hh BBBaraBaxb 9th noxepK na napoAb. 

no BToiiy BO Bce i^apcTBOBBHie AHBbi loaHHOBHbi He 6bijro 
n]HniflTO HHRaRHXb p'bnnrrejbHbix'b H'bpb othochtbaho A^n- 
fliSmefi cyAb6bi nflTHRonteqHHROBb. Bshtu 6him TonBO Ht- 
KOTopbiH npeffOGToposHOCTH }[tE 0TBpani[eHiH ffajEbHMmefi noA- 
slkim: ycHjeHb naASOpi sa npRBOSoiib MoneTbi HSb sarpa- 
RRiQii, yjiy^moHb «ieRaHb nflraROBi, h A^^Re Bejrbno Sbiio 
ycrpaHHTb HXb hb'b oCpantema b'b norpaHH^Hbixb ropOAaxb *). 

Sai^OTbi npaBHTejbCTBa o6b RSbflTin HSb oSpan^enifl hhth- 
RonieqHHROBb oSparajm BmoiaHie h qacTHbixb jnn^b. FnpaBH- 
TejbCTBa iiaRonjiHJDicb pa3J[HWbie npoaRTbi oTHOcvTeibHo ABJb- 
Htttoieit cyAbObi noTaROBb. Ho ao cavoll cMepm Ahhbi loan- 
HOBHbi npaBRTeACTBo He ycnftJio npifirH hh Rb RaRHMb oroh- 
^aTexbHUMb pi^memflMb no oToiiy a^^- 

Bapoffb MHHHXb, CHBmifi naBHUHb AHP^RTopoHb MoneT- 
Huxb popoBb, ycepAHO sanHMaBmiftcfl BonpocoMb o naTHRo- 
liteqHHRaxb^ nanncaBmift Hi^OROJibRO npoaRTOBb, ycnbjb 6ujio 
BO BpoMB perencTBa Ahhu JletmoibAOBHtt noAHRTb onarb Bonpocb 



a) nioAy^^ cfp. 196' 



— ^3R - 

nflTHEonteqHHfiax'B , ho toukq apa EmcaBeTt Uerpemb 
npaBHTejBCTBO npHCiynHJio vn» oKOHqaieuHOHy piineEiio ero. 

no o6cysA6HiH) Bcbxi npodSTOBt, HaKonHBmiixcfl Ky Ce- 
HBTib, (a Hxi 6uJ0 9), XeHaxii ociaHOBUca ea npodErb Hafi- 
AeHHOMii B'B OyHaraxi noKofiaaro rpa^a flryxHHCBaro. Bi 
9T0Mi> apodBTJb iipeAnojarajocb npoBpaiHib iifliaKH bi so- 
iiifiRH JiocpoACTBOM^ c6aBBH j^^HHOCTu iiflTaioB'b B^b 4 upieMa, 
KaasAuii pasi yiieHbinaii j^l^HHOCib aa o^uy Bouibttsy. 

npHBeAeHiH axoro uaaa. bii HcnojuieHie Q6iAEMWb 
yBa3i» 11 Haa 1744 ro^a, no BOTopoHy DflTHBOD^eqHioai ci 

1 aarycia Toro se roAa a^JSHu 6ujh xoahtb b:l eapoxl^ n 
npHHHHaTbCH B% Ba3Hy no 4 Koii'bitBB Ci 10 oKTaOpa 1745 
noHHaseHa A'^naocTb naiaBOB'b eu^e aa OAHy Eoni^ftKy^ a aa- 
Eoaei^'b CI aarycia 1746 roAa ohh aojushbi 6ujh nof^w^ no 

2 Kon'bJtEH UH no rponiy. TaBi* naTHKontewHSH npeBpaiii^ 
6BI1H Bi» rpomeBHKH. 

OqeBHAHo, qio noxepa orb axofi onepai^ia naxfaJia aa 
Tixi JiHi^'b, wb pyaaxii aoTopuxi aaxopjHCb uaTHKonteqHHn 
BO apeMfl noHHseaia ax'b-i^JbHHOciH, a cocTaauja npa nep- 
BOMi noHHseaia 20%, upa aiopoMb 25 ^'/o, a npa TpexbeMi 
33V3%. AaJbBJ^ftaiee noHaaseaie aaiHEOiEbeqHHBOB'b-rpoineBH- 

BOBli Bl» EOniftEH OBUO^ DpiOCTaAOBJEeHO. 

Baaia npaqaau ausaajiH axy ocxaaoBBy aa i^&oie nficvth 

MiTb^ HOSHO BHA^Xb Hdl CJli^AyH^UPXli AdHHUXlb. 

npeacAe acero npa DoaaaBeaiH i^I^hbocxh naxHBaniteqHH- 
EOB'b xpH roAa noApaA'^ noxepa aecjia, aaaii qacxaua Jim^a^ 
xaBi a npaaaxejibcxBO , a npa xorAamaax'b capoHajbixi cpeA- 
cxBaxi EBBau, 9XH noxepa Ao<ss^<iu Sujih 6uxb qyacxaaxeib- 
HUMa. Bi xoHy eaiie oa yMajieaieirb Bb aapoAi^ Mejuaxb 
Aeaerb:» oBasaiocb, cbii c6op1^ noAymaux'b A^Heri Eoaeqaoe 
MeAieaie a ocxaaoBEa* ^). HecoHai^aHO xaase, qxo a aa aa- 

a) Cm. JUiiaHCKiit, eip. 108. 



- 239 — 

poxBOm xodnficTBi noHHseme i^^hhocth nnaKOBx, tfiimto 
6ujo oTpaaHTbCE HeSjaronpiflTHO. Becua santqaTejibHo paa- 
cyjBxeHie CeeaTa Ha aaMftqame JifimjffiBSi: cfiaKi bg^mt* h3 
B^CTHO, qTo H^pux'E nflTHBoni^eqHHEOB'L y SHaxRHXii nep- 
cowb V J npo^aro mnxeTCTBa Majio wh ynoTpeCjiemH SuBaerB, 
a 6ojiBineio qacriio o6paii^aH)TCfl y lyne^ecTBa, y RpecTbflHCTBa 
H y npoqaro noAJaro napoxa, otl ROTopux'b h bi Kasny bi* 
noAaTH, nonrmm h Ha KaSasax'b 3a BHHHyB) npoffasy npe- 
xoAHTB... OTB ySaaiH no 80 koh. y pySifl ananaie nepcoHU 
ySuTKa noMTH Boace He noHOcyi'L, nanpoTHB'B Kyne^iecTBo h 
RpccTbflHCTBO H Hpoqitt uoj^iui HapoA^ HeBOSBpaTHoe paaopeeic 
nouecerb. 7 ROioparo Rym^a m^piix'B nfliHROirtevHHROB'B cjy- 
^HTCfl 100 py6., B'b ROTopuxi no^H B6Cb ero Topn coctohti, 
y ROToparo 1,000 hih 10,000 py6' n xaR'B OHue on Toro 
npiAyTL Bi Rpattnee y6oaRecTBO h xoproB'b coBepmeHHo m- 
maTCfi... S^AHoe RpecTbancTBO ^ ROTopoe HHRaRHX'b loproBi n 
npoHUCJioBi He miAvyn^ a rbri Ha rocynapcTBenHoe, xaRi h 
Ha noM^H^HROBu noABTH A^HbrH AOCiaiOT'b npoAaseH) npHro- 
TOBjeHHaro ipyAaMH CBoero xiiSa, cl^na, APOBi* h npo^Hx'b 
AOHamHHX'b Bereft, y ROTopuxi no HajiuiirB hx'l opoAaasaH'b 
BecbMa Hajo pySieaoft mohotu, ho 6ojibme mI^ahhxii dhthro- 
n'beqHHROBii n pyaaxi oSpaH^aeTCH, Roropua hxi B'b TaROMi 
HajnoHb muGAi Jiyqme APyrnx^b h SpaRoaaib yM'biox'b. B'b Ra- 
KoHi se xyAoafb cocToamH PocciiicRoe RyneqeciBO u KpecibflH- 
CTBO H EtuA naxoAHTCfl, Toro npocipaHHO onacuBaTb ne hm 
qero, hoo h Sesi xoro AOBOJibHO Bci^M'b o hxi^ coctohhih 

H3B'bCTH0 •). 

CnpaBeAJHBOCTb CRaaanHaro CenaTOMi noATBepARJiacb 

BCROpt. HeAOCTaTOR-b Wb pa3MtHH0fl MOHei* TBRl CTaJIl Be- 

jiHFb, qio B'b HtaoTopiix'b H^crax'b HBHJicH jiaflTb npH pa3- 



a) BpHKHepi^y CTp. 64 h 65. 



^ 240 — 

vAwb Kpynnoit cepe6piiHHoft MOHeru Ha Ml^nh. Yse bi 1747 
rofly SBMCfl yeasi , ^to6u bcI^ npaBHTejbCTBeeHUfl taccu, 
noA'B cipaxoMi naBasaHifl sa HeucnoiaeHie , oSirbHEBajiH 6e3i 
jasa RpyDHyio cepe6pflHHyio MoneTy Ha Mtfjb, Haioj^HBinyiocfl 
y HRXi Bi aaaaci, TaRii rbki ajea la^u Taiofi piiSMtHi 
BuroffeBi no jierKOCTii nepeBoaRii oepe6pHHfiofi MOHem^). 

yneHMieHie iibHHocTH nflTuieaiewHVOBi> Oim losm 
caHO no ceSft h He matM 6ii Tamx'b CTicHKreibHuxi> m 
AenesHaro ptiHEa oecJitxcTiil, laR'b saffb KonqecTBO pasrtih 
Hoii MOHOTfii oTh 9Tott oflopaqiH yiieHLiHHjm»» Boero Ha 2 mi, 
pyfijiefi^ ecj[H 6u 9to noHiKOHie i^tHHOCTH oHTaBOBi ee co 
Buajio cb SojiBmiMi BUMftHOH'B HOJioll oepeSpflHHoft lOHeni; 
nepeqeKaHGHHOft SoAbmoH) uctuo bi py6jiH n nojniHHfii. 

Bi 1755 roAy MOHOTHai KaHi^ejiflpifl AOHocHjia CeiiTy> 
«qTO Bi MOJUSHX^ A^Hbraxi vh napoAik oficroHjrb RpaflRttv^* 
AOCTaTOBi: h6o no nuH^bniHee apeiifl bi napaAHOKb oGpaq^ 
HaxoAHJOCb Bcero Meuiixi jifivxm: 

CcpeSpflHHUX'b son^esi 30,723,399 py6. 

QojiynoJiTHHHHROBi 815,645 > 

rpHBeHHHKOB^ 959,824 » 

Gxaparo f^kjiBi HtAHHxi Konl^eR'b, a^- 
HesGRi H noJiymeR'b . * . . . 2,368,906 > 

Ml^AHHX'B HflTHROH^e^HHROBl . . . 3,492,299 » 

jlfifiemeE'b n nojrynieR'b CA^jiaHHUXi 
ci 1734 roAa 3,330,241 > 

Bcero . . 41,690,314 py6. 

BpOHi^ OpeSHHX'b A^Tb rpHBeHHHROBl , aJITUHHHBOB'B H 

Rpyrjiuxi Ronl^eR'b, o Roiopux'b npH MonoTHUX^b ab<h>axi» m;^- 

BiCWL CfiOAbKO HXlb CAl^iaHO, He HHl^eTCfl». 



lA. 



a) Schldzer^ cip. 129 h Beylg. ctp. 117—138. 



^ 24t — 

tBai Toro ^Hcja, m% eapoparo xosxema buCujeo bbi* 
Mi^HOMi y sanpeiqeHieii He xoxHTb h ySasjieHieirb ninu 
35,187,685 py6., sa tbwb vh HapoA'6 ociajiocb pa paaiitHa 
RpynHOfi MoaeTU, cqnraa cb 'tbwb hhciomi>, qxo Husri^ seJCbHo 
cAtJiaTh HJ^pux'B RonfteRii (3,500,000 p.)— acero 9,304,170 
pyCiefi H apormBii opesaeS cyMHU HexocTaexii 32,386,144 p.*"). 

Ho H 9T0 HcqncjieBie corjacaoe cb i^a^paHH npraoxHHHHi 
HaM0 npeACTaBjflerL Gojibmyio cyMMy mmoi MOHeTU, ^iwb 

CROJbSO efl ffbftCTBHTejKbHO 6iuo Ha puHRi, TaRli WWb He 

npHRHTu BO BRHMaflie HH nop^a, hh nBTepff moh6tii. 

He CMOTpa na oqeBHAHUfl BaTpyxnenifl, Bas^b hm sbbhu, 
TBRii h aj[h HapoAHaro xosflflcTBa, npoHCXOAHBHiia oti nejio- 
CTaTBa MejRoB moHeTiii, npaBHTeJibCTBO ace tbeh ne ocxaajifljo 
CBoero nepnoHaqajibHaro njaHa h p'6iiniJiocb npoBecTH ero no 
noEOfl. ^in dToro nysHO 6biJio CA^^Jiaxb eu^e paai cCaaRy bi 
i^HHocTH naTHRon^eqHHROB'b-rpomeBnROB'b h npHBecTH hxi> 
xaRHM'b o6pa30MX Bi pySjiOBufi CL nyAa b'6c%, qxo noqxH 
cooxBtxcxBOBajio 6bi xorAamHefl JS^kfA H'6p. B% 9xoxi> paai 
BjaA^JKbi^BMi* nflxaROBii npeAcxoajio noxepaxb 50%. 

JEioAH (jHflte BHaROMue cb K^MWh. bi xo BpoMfl ynaBu- 
BajH Ha coBepmeBHyio Hejri^nocxb h ^ase onaenocxb ocHOBHott 
HbicjiH Bceft onepaipn nepe^^Jia mhnmi MOHexu bi 8 py6j[eBiiit 
c% ^y;^a Bfici — cAtiaxb Mtj^nyH) Monexy cooxBtxciayionieH) 
BHyxpeHHcfi cBoefi i^^hhocxh, x. e, icbHt m^a"- TaRii GapoHi 
MnHnxi* yRasbiBajii^ eni[e bi* 1746 ro^y na xo, qxo puHoqnaH 
i^taa hI^ah, yse bi xo BpeMH paBHflJiacb noqxH 7 pyGjiflMii 
3a nyAx; n qxo npn BOSBUmeHiH i^'&hu MtAH eqe na H'bcROJibRO 
npoi^enxoBX MtAnyio Monexy 6yAyxii nepenjiaaJiflXb a^ iipo- 
AasH Ha CBOHxi pUHRaxii h hah BHBosa aarpaHHi^y; qxo He- 
yAoOcxBO oGpan^enifl MOHexu, Roxopofi 8 pyOjiefi b%chxi> nyA'b, 



a) Cm. JiauaHCKilt. Grp. 110. 

12 



- 242 — 

caMo C06010 o^eBBpo; ^ro npH xopomem qeRaHi, BecBia 
XOCTaxo^eH'E 1 6 pySjieButt ci nyp B'bc'B, f^MA Toro qioSu ra- 
paHTHpoBaTb pufioiTE OTL ^aibuuiBoit MOHeiu; qio HasoHei^ 
npHMi^poiTL HorjiH ciysHTb ApyriH cipaHbi, Kaisi eanp. Ahtiu, 
rA'6 MtjifiBR HOHexa HiAia Bi to BpeMH B-bci 16 p. 60^/3 il 
CL nyp; wb niBei^iH paaiiAHBafl MOHeTa paBHHiacB 13 py6. 
13Va Ron. CB nyxa. Ho Bcft 9TH npeACTaaieHifl He mAa 
ycn'&ia '). 

Bi» 1755 roAy, bh^cto OROHqaieAHaro noHHseoui vfiiL- 
HOCTH HHTaiOBii ffi KonteffL, uocj^AOBaJio paciiopflxeme 
BUuiH^ nflraBOBi*. BaaroAapa rMBHOMy pyROBOXHreno aroi) 
nocjri^AHeiD onepaipeio, rpa^y IDyBajioBy, bcio noxepn sasaa 
B3fl<ia oT^acTH Ha ce6fl, a orqacTi nepejEOSHJia na bj^x^jdt 

JSfiB^ WfbjfflOTb SaBOAOBli. 

jlflEMjipwb CenaTa, yTBepsAeHnKmi. 9 uapia 1855 tom^ 
npodRTL npeAJOseHHuS rpa^oui IQyBaAOBUiirb Bejii^HO 6iuo 
npHBecTH h'h HcnojiHeme. 

Ajih Biur&Ha naTHRonte^HHROBi — rpameBHROBi Bejttm 
6h40 HaAi^jiaTB Mi^ffHux'B RonteRi no 8 pySjieS hsi ny/ia 
Bcero AO 3,500,000 pySjei. Bcfl nAnh RaseHnafl (nymeTOafl i 
wb pasHOH'B opyadH) 6uj[a nepe^eRaHena ; Rpoui Toro bch m^a^ 
RaRi> CL RaseHHEixii TaRi> H cb qacTHUx'B saaoAOBi Gujia 
AOCxaBjena no 5 h no 6 pySiefl aa nyA'B na HOHerraie ABopu 
H nepcAi^JaHa B'B RontftRH. BepeA^JibHBiM'B aoxoaomi (3 1 
2 py6jfl Ha nyA%) npepojiarajiocb noapuTb y6fiiTRH Kaasbi, 
ROTopue AOJURHU turn npocTHpaibCfl ao 698,459 pySjiefi ne 
cqHTaa a^ajibmHBOit MOHeru. CpoRi BUMi^Ha nflTHRoni^eqHHROBi» — 
rpomeBHROBi naanawH'b 6ujl% no 1 ceHTflCpa 1756 roAa, nocjt 
ROToparo MOHexHue popu aojshu 6bijni npRHHMaxb naraRH 
no 5 py6jieit 3a nyA% ^). 



a) SchlOzer. Cip. 129 h Beylag. Crp. 117—128. 
a) Cm. Schlozer. Crp. 128 h BpHKHep'b. Grp. 72. 



- 243 ~ 

Ho HCTeqemH cpoia BioitHa ORasaiocb, ^to n oCiAiiy 
HBHJiocB nflTEKOB'E Hd 205,723 pyfiifl leHbme, ^iMh 6iuo 
Bunyii^eHO bebhoio. 

Tasoft peBymax'B bum^hb nBTHKonfteqHHSOB'B 6£Mi» He- 
onxaHHHM'B IT noKasan, qio bc6 irtpu npEHHiiifl npoTHBi 
BanjHBa MJbnraoit mqkbtm busbbhu 6uj[h jLomsmwb cxpa* 
xoHi H He ToibBO Hc noBejv Kh JXJ^mmJD vh jneuemuowh 
oSpan^emH, ho HanpoTHB'B Sun npH«Hoio hobutb BaipyAHe- 
Bitt, lan wh HapoAHOMii losHtCTBi^ BOo6n{e, tbipb h bx ra- 

RBHCaX'B. 

npaBHTeiBCTBO CyXEIO HapOpOHl pUHRi no CBOHHl 
GOfiCTBeHDBHII'B KBCCBH'B. M^XHafl MOHeTB, BpepiTB ROTOpOfi HO 

npemyn^ecTBy noAxepflEHBajCfi npioMOirb bi noAaniBie niaTesH, 
nocTOHHHO npH jHBa ja wb laccH npaBHiencTBa ; h tbki RaB'b 
cyiHE M^AHofi Honeru nocTynaBmett eseroAHO b'b RasHy co- 
CTBBJiflJia 66ibmyiD ^acn Bcefi HftAHoit HoneTU HaxoAHBmeiicfl 
wh o6pan](eHiH, to B'bpoBTHO, wo h ^ajBmHBafl MOHOTa, no- 
naAaBioaa wb rbccu npaBHTencTBa, ao^kshb 6ujia cocTaajiflTb 
BecbHa SHanxejibHyi) qacTb BceS «ajbniHBoit mohotu, SBiamelt 
Ha puHRi^. 

MesAy i^Hi npaBHTBJibCTBO c^Hiajio, qio ne toaso ero 
KacGKL^ ho h Becb pimoKi nepenoiHeHi jersoBtcHoio hI^ahoh) 
HOHeroM)^ vb oco6eHHOCTH oajfbHiHBOio ; ^0 cepe6pHHHafl ho- 
nera ymja sarpaRHiQf, h ^to ee coBctoi h^^tl hb puHRi, a 
noTOMy He nonaAaerb ohb h bi» rbccu npaBRiejibCTBa. 

npH TBROMi noRHMamn nojosemff js^k^^j ecTecTaeHHo, mto 
jerROBbcHOCTb MOHeTM npeACTBBJifliacb rjaBHOio npH^RHOH) noA* 
A'bJiRH H yBeiR^eHifl RoiH^ieeTBa MOHeTu hb puHRi^. EcxecTBeHHo 
HTo uepeAftJiRB MOHem B'b laRoft B^cb, npn RoropoMb orb 
cooTB^TCTBOBBja 6u puHO^Hott A'6h'6 Tuipfi, nfijmL^ 6uja Ra- 
SBTbCfl CBMbiHi jiyumuH'b cpeACTBOHii BuiiTH hsii BBTpyARemfl. 

Bcft R0jie6aHiR js/bwb hb puRRft, noHHseme BeRcejibHaro 



— 244 — 

sypca, — €n%nuuH apmHCEiBaxb lerEoom vAffKA lOHaTu, r 
HecMOipfl Ha saipypeHifl otx yMeeBmeiiifl Mejosoft moii6th, 
EasHa HeyEJOHHO npoAOJUsaJia nepeA^JcuBaxb jiefEOBltoHy» lo- 
uexy wb TflsejoBi^cHyio. 

Bbim^h'l nfliiiBoii'&ewHfiOBii pacEpuji'b HaKOHei^'B la aoMo 
npaBBiejibCTBO saSjiysAUOCb y ocEOBUBafl cbdh aauiBqeHia o 
cocTOflHiH Bcero A^HesHaro puHEa PoociH hr cooroflfliH eBOHXi 
coficTBeHHUX'b Eaccb. $aBTfii yfid^AHiiH^ vra He ToaEO ho (euo 
Gojbuiaro naojHBa lAAHott mohwu na puHKd^, ho ^to Hanpo- 
TBB'b, ee HeAOCTasajio xase hjlh HcnpaBHaro ojiaTeBsa nojpciel; 
qTO cepe6pBHHafl HOHem le BBHOCHUCb wb Easny noroKf , ^to 
npH cia6oM'b aioHOMHieosoM'b pasBHTiH acero oSofecTBa, m 
He cTQjibEO ciyasua opyAieiTb odpaqeHia, csoibEO opyxim 
BaEoniema h cOepeasjeEOE , a HoroMy Haio o6pan^aiocb n 
HapoA^. 

BiiMtB'b HflTHEon'beiHHEOB'b npsACTaBJifleT'b BaxHyiD anoiy 
B'b HanieMi A^HexHOM'B o6pamBHiu XYIII Btoa. Ob at oro Bp^ 
MeHH Hcqeaaexii Bcnoe npeffy6l^aBA^ue upoTHB'b jtenoBftcHoit 
M^AHott Mofiexu H ufOJiOffiTb Bo£ onaoeHiH OTHOCHxejibHO na- 
njuBa oajibinHBbixi A^Heri. 

IIpafiHXdibcxfio RpHHuo El ySJbsipeiilO) qxo cepeSpo He 
BSHOCHxcfl B'b Eaaay noxoMy, ^xo whKk no CBoeft xasejioBie- 
HocxH HMl^exii MBJLO ti^RpEyjuuMHi Bi RapOA^- Teuepb set 
Mifu HanpaBJieHu Suu hb xo Tro6ii ycEJWxb i^HpByjflip 
MtAHoit MOHexu. Bc^iTb npHcyx6XB6HHUMb Mi^^xaMii npeAHicaBo 
6ujo: «cxapaxbCH, wo6u oepeCpflHua h 30.iioxa8 MOHeta bi 
RasH'b Efl flHnepaxopcBaro Beu^ecxaa ocxaaajacb, a utf^M 
fifiEbiE ufifKjittBfJO HM&ni X Hoceiiy^ FA^ cAyiaxcfl pacxop 
XBEie no EoxopuM'b ne oroBopeno KaRoio mohoxok) njiaxHXb, to 



ft) n. C. 3. T. XIV ^ 10,777. 



— 245 — 

yiioTpe5jifiTb DpeniiyiqecTBeHHO n^XHyi) MOHOTy ^) ». yiasoifb 
3 «eBBajifl 1757 ro^a iipeAnHcuBajiock B&bwh cocJOBiiiM'b 
ynoTpe6j[flTf> bi> o6paii^eHiH fiAnh^ a He sojkoto h cepe6po^ h 
MtiHTB CBo6opo 30J0T0 H cepeCpo Ha MtAb) Aa6u oSpanteuie 
He 6ujio crbcHeHO. Oahu cojiaHaa lOHTopa o6H3aHa 6um cit- 
AyeMyK) Kh flHuepaTopcROHy ABopy cyMMy npHcujiaxb cepe5- 

pflHOOK) MOHeTOEO ^). 

TaacejioBi^CHOcTii mijifloi MOHeTU, o Rotopofi laKii pee- 
HOCTHo 3a6oTHjnicb Bi leqeHie ABBAUiaTH hhth Jii^ib, oEBBajacb 
TenepL rjiaBHUMk h cyn^ecTBeHHEJiii» HeAOCTaiROH'B. IIodTOMy 
Bct A'b 3a 0tf0HqaHi6M'i> nepeA^Jia jierHOBtCHoii moictu b'b iflsejo- 
BftcHyM), cji^AOBajo leoepb oGpaxHO nepe^bitaTb TasejoB^cHyK) bi 
jierROBi^CHyio h coaepuieHHO oTRasaTbCfl orb hucih A^P^saTb wkjy- 
uy H) Mouexy B'b cooiB'feTCTBiH cb ea BHyipeHQeH) i^^hhoctIk), mucjih 
iaiEeTi> 6uTb R OjiaronaM'bpeHHoft, ho HeHcnojHHHoft h JiosHott. 

He npouijo h ro^a co BpemeHH oRonqaiejibHaro BUM^na 
HflTHROH'beqHnROB'b, KaRii cA^JraHO 6uj[o pacnopfliReme yRadOMi 
8 anpi^Jifl 1757 roAa jil^AtSirh BnpeAi» M^AHua A^HbrH no 16 
pyGjeit H3b iiyAa; rohMrh cA^jiaHHUH no 8 py6. hbi nyAa, 
a TaRse nepeneqaiaHHue hbii HflTaROBi*, boji^ho 6ujo nepe- 
neqaxaib bi rpomeBHRH h o6M£HflTb B'b nojixopa roAa orb 
oOHapoAOBanifl yKa3a. OcxaaieHU Gfeijra Kb HapoAHOMi o6pa- 
u^emn xojibRO npeiRHia A^nesRH h uojiymRH CAi^JiaHHfiiH uo 
10 py6jieft H3i> nyAa % 

dxoxi> HOBbifi nepeA'6J['b Monexfii Dljieitep'b cxaBHXii bi 
T'bCHyH) CBflBb Cb pacxoABMH no cjiyqaiD npyccRott BoftHu; 



a) Jlawancidil. Cip. 111. 

b) Schl6zer. Cip. 142. 

C) 0. C. 3. T. XIV Af 10,777. 

yKa'ai 9T0Tb BecbHa saHtnaTejicBii. B'b uem AOBOJibHO stpRO mothuh- 
poBaHU pacnopfliKeRiH o nepeA'bJrb HoneTU B'b 16 py6jieBb[il Bici ; b^ckojilko 
jiOACJiameBii losbKo, Kain> roBopHrb HIjieQep'B* 



— 246 — 

MoasHO AyMaib opaEOse^ qro Bolaa b'b dTor& pa3i» yciopua 
TOJEbEo nepexofb ei HOBoit cicieirb wb Bunycfit lApoft lo- 
nexu. HpasHTejiLCTBO y6i^pjiocb bi HecocTOgTeibHocn cbohii 
npesHH&i HaMepiHiit npHAaxb Hl^puirb AeHwairb caiocToi- 
TeibHyio i^iHHOCTb, H paHBme hu no3se aoixho Siuo iipH- 
6i^rHyTb e% BUnycBy lerEOBi^cnuxii A^nerb, -Apyrofi hcxojii 
npH TorAaniHHX'b oCcTOflieibCTBaxi BpflAi jh Suiii B03ioseHi. 
inyBaJiOBi npflHo yBasuBaerii npHwey nepeA^ia lApoit lo- 
HCTU B'b 16 py6j6ft Bibcb: «t% o6cTOflTe<ibCTBa qiofiu cepeS 
pflflHyio MOHery B'b EasHi^ Ee HimepaTopcEaro fiejunecm 
6oibme yAepsaxb, a Bt^AHyK) bi» oCpaii^eHie eapoAHoe BHyTpi 
rocyAapcTBa ynorpeSHTb, ho t^mi h EOMMepi^iio hb oriirona, 
npHqHHOiD 6euh A^aib Mi^Anyio MoeeTy no 16 pySjiei oi 
nyAa '). 

Ha puHEl^ ociaBajDicb: ao 3 MHJuioHOB'b A^HesoEi R oo- 
jymeEi ACCETHpySjieBaro Bl^ca, Aa EpoMib loro noAJtesafiiofli^ 
uepene^aiEi h^AHuxi Eon'beE'b 8 pySjieaaro B^oa ao 3V, 

MHJuioHOB'b H HHEOHei^'b HflTHEOOl^eHHHEOBl — EOnftCKl HS 

436,802 pySifl. 

npH nepene^iaTEi EonftoE'b h SbiBoiH&b HHTaEOB'b si 16 
py SjreBufl b£ci» na puHBi ao^isho (ujio oKasaTbCE ffi U mhi- 
jioHOB'b pyfijeit Bceit MJ^AHofi MOHeiu, ho xaEoro EOJu^ecTBa 
Bl^poflTHO HoSujio BuoyuteHo. no HcwcjieHiH) niTopxa H no 
Ta6jHi;aHi» IIIoAyapa bhaho, qio gt^ 1757 no 1761 roAi> bu 
nyqoHO Bcero H3'b HOHerflui'b AaopoBb ii1^Aauxi» A^aerb ea 
6,846.886 py6jeS, ^to cociaBurb bm^ctI^ cb AeaesflaiH h 
nojiyniBaMH AOCHTHpySjieBaro BJbca 6oj'6e aobeth cb noioBHHOiD 

MHJfJUOHOB'b py6jeit. ][J[E yCEOpCHiH BUA'^^^^KH HtAHUXX ffi^^^ 

yse B'b 1758 roAy na^aJH qeEauHTb onaxb HaxaEE no 16 
pySjieft B'b nyA%. BunycEii M^Aaofi mohotu bi» axorb pasi 



a) n. C. 3. T. XIY ^ 10^777, 



— 247 - 

AocTHTb camaii 6ojbiiiiix% pasHtpoBi bo Beeb paacHaTpn* 
BaeMutt HaMH nepioA'^. 

Tenepb Majo aaSoTHJiHCb yse o soiH^ecTB'6 MOHeru, o 
ex jersoBftcHOCTH , a naBRoe BHHMame oSpaqeHo 6fiuo na 
ycBJieeie ea oSpaqeaia b% napoAi^ h na HSiiciaHie cpeACTBb 
npHBJieu aojiOTyio h cepe6p8HByio MOHOTy wb laccu EasBM. 

B'B 1757 roAy yse rpa^i QlyBaiOB'b npeAJiosHJTB paa- 
Be3TH H'bAHyio MOHery vh BOJuraecTBi no 2 MHuioBOBi pyo. 
B'B 50 ropoAOBi H oTABTb ee MarflCTpaTai'b , AU pasAaya uo 
BCKcejuorb ci ynjiaToio Kb QerepGyprfi, a laBse a^ nepeaoAa 
Aeaerb bo BeKceiaiii hsi DerepGypra B:b osBa^eBBue ro- 
poAB. nocpeACTBOMi araxi ROBTop'b Beiceibflaro npoB3Bo,i- 
cxaa niyaajoB'b aaAtfljica^ qTO MtAHaa Moflera SyACTb cyAi^ 
BOAbCTBeflBUMii oCpasoMi' yAepaflBBTbCfl B'B BapoAflOMB o6pa- 
BfCBiB, <a BBflpoTflBB TOFO cepeSpflflBaE Moaera am rocyAap- 
cTBeflBUxi pacxoAOBB wh KBidEi co6jiiDAefla 6yAerb ^)». 

Bb OMfknY^^mfiWh 1758 to Ay xaRse a^ noAAepsaflifl bb 
oSpaqefliH H'&AHofi mobotu ocfloaaBB 6iub M^AHutt 6aBKb, 

KOTOpUfl A0JIS6BB 6UJB paBABBBTb MI^AHUH ACBbrB fla BBBCeJIH, 

3a 6% BB roAB^ bb Bocii^ACTBiB BpeAOCTaajieflu 6ujb ufotij 
TtHB AOJSBBsauB ROTopue BosBpaqajR saBflxyio cyiMy ce- 
peSpflBBOM) MOBeroM) ^). 

Bb 1760 r. IIIyBajOBB apeA^arajB ceflaiy ycipoBTb tBaaRB 
ApTBuepitlcRaro r HHseRepBaro RopnycoBB, bb oTapau^eflie ua 

fiyAya^ee BpeMfl BeAociaTRa bb AeaesfluxB cyHMaxB ""). 

HaR0Bei](B flpB fleip^ III bb 1862 r. BBjaeTCB Hucib 

yqpOAHTb (BBROBUR ROEXOpiI, CB BUnyCROHB SaBROBUXB 6b- 

leroBB Ba 5 mbjubobobb py6ieft cepeSpa ^). 



a) Tam xce 

b) JIaNaBcidft 114. 

c) Tam xe 1i5. 

d) Cm. BaaxK m /cpyrifl xpeAHTHiu ycTaHoiueHiii be PoeciH h HHOOTpaii- 
piix> 89Mjux>. C.-I)B. 1810 Vb THnorp. 0iiiDepa. Crp. 167 h 168, 



— 348 - 

HensB'bCTHO bi Raioit oTenenn Bcft 9th MApH md n 
npeAnojosenHott a^m,— cji'&AyeT'L nojaraTL, uto MtAHafl loam 
no npesHeHy ooTaeaiacb rjaeHon HOHeT0» Kb niatesaii) 
noAaiett. Fse bi 1760 roAy npexaHcauo 6mj[o set Hipux 
xeHbiH, HMiioiipffCfl Bi riaBHOHi ROHMHcapiaTt H Bi» C.-Qeiep- 
6ypri, nopesaqifl ao KoniiHoapiaTa h Biipex'B npiuosiiui 
H3i» ropoAOBi, BO BCl^ii cyAeSuuxi Hi&CTaxii , vnt ecTB, he 
cepe6pflHHUH oSMtHHBaTb; stotii ycHJieHHuit oSh^^hii npoxoj- 
sajECfl AO 1763 roAa % 

HocjifiAHflH nepoHi^Ha wb iitkf,wA MoneTt b'l paaciarpH* 
saeMuft HaiKH nepioA^ opoii8B6A6Ha 6uja Qei^ii HI. Ci 
1762 roAy reHBapn 17, no ciy^aio Bottnu, seiino 6mom 
M'^AHyH) Honeiy uepene^aTaTii bi 32 pyCjicButt cb nyAai^ 
H nadnaqen'b roAHyuufi cpon hm btoB onepaipi. nmn 
AOJiamu 6£UH 6uTb nepeneuaianu bx rpHBBU, rponiM n ^ 
Tupeiii Boni^e^HEKH h RonifiHH Bi rpoiini. Touro ^mam^ 
nojymRH ociaajienu 6iijih OeaL nepenrbnu. 

B'B EpaiROBpeMeHHoe i^apcxBOBame Hexpa III ycntJH oepe 
neqaiBTb acero na 2,337,075 py6jie&^ cb BOBuiecTBien le 
ua npecTOJTL EsaTepenu Q nepeneqaxRa npiocTanoBieHa a ne- 
pene«iaTaHH£ifl AeHBrn 32 pyOjiesaro bi» nyAl^ Btca BUiiHflHU 

Mu yaaaajiH B'B o6n](iixii qepxaxi ua BCi nmAim 
nepeil^HU bi HtAHOii MOHerb, npoRcxoAHBniifl ffb leqeaie scero 
pascMaTpHBaeHaro HaMH nepioAa. 

Bee RajiaqecTBo mI^ahoS mohotu, Koxopoe a^Jsho 6uio 

uaxoAuxcfl BB oGpaji^eaiH bi pa3Hoe BpoHa, cyAfl no BianycfiaHi 

cA^jaBHUii'L RasHOR), npcAcxaBJiaexb cj^Aytouva i^i^pH; 

Kb 171 8 r. AOJiSHO 6ujo naxoARXbca bb o6pauieaiH 2 Va mu* P 

. 1725 . . . : 3V, • • 



a) n. C. 3. T. 16 M 11,805. 

b) n. C. 3. T, 16 M 11,741. 



349 



. 1731 
> 1744 



1755 
1782 



o>8ei » 
5>»8a » 



3^10 » ■ 

3to HCwcjeHie novtu bo 80611% corjacHO ci Hcucje- 
uiajm APyrHxi nucaiejeit, h ocHOBaHO Goibiaeio vaciiio ua 

04»«0IQaj[bHUX'L HCTOVHHRaXl. 

« 

HesaBHCHMo oti> hI^ahoS MoneTu BUHyii](eHHp& KasHoio, 
B'h Te^ieHie Bcero paacHaipHBaeMaro HaMH BpeMeBH^ 6ujia b% 
o6paiqeHiH laRase h oaju»mHBafl MOHexa; ho wbvb HORaRHX'B 
ocHOBauifi opeAUOJiaraTB, uto RoiHtieciBO efl Sbijio sHa^HTejibHo 
u Mono uuiTh BBKoe HH6yAb BJiiflHie aa icbHHOCTb mI^ahjuxi 
AeA6r.b BOo6ii^e. Buii1&hi> UBxaBOBi fi.M'b jyqmee AORasaxejib- 

CTBO, RBE'L HOBl^pHU 6l>IJIH BClk npeAHOJOBSeHifl Iipe3lli^pH0M^ 

HaniUBt oajbmHBUx'L Ada6ri>. 

GpaBHHBafl ROJiimecTBo 3BOHRoii n m^ahoA MOHeiUi roto- 
poe AOJKBEHO 6uj[0 HaxoAHTbCtf Ha puHK'6 Bi* pasHoe apeMB, 
cyAfl no BiiinycKaMi> h31i noaeTHUXb A^opoBii, nojywM'b cj^- 
Ajjoqifl npH6jiH3nTejibHBifl hh^u 



Ae nepeHeKana 


30JI0T0tt 


Gepe6pAHHolt 


MtABOft 






cep. U0BeTBil73l r. 








rb 1718 „ 


80,000 p. 


35 KHil. p. 


2„ MHJI. p. 


„ 1725 „ 


770,000 „ 


*0,j „ „ 


3>i n >» 


„ 1731 „ 


8H{),000 „ 


^•^•« »» » 


•*>$ ^> » 


Ci nanajioHii . 




BunycRH HOBOft ho- 




nepeveBaHa cepe6. 




aeru nm, cuparo MerajJia 




HoaeTU wb 1731 r. 




H CTapotf MOHeiU. 




vb 1741 „ 


1,010,000 „ 


21 MHJI. p. 


^»9 n »1 


„ 1751 „ 


1,180,000 „ 


(+14,,) = 35,, „ „. 


4.,("*N „ 


„ 1761 „ 


2,800,000 ;, 


(+16„)=:51,. „ „ 


^y9 )t 


031 9Tnxi 


% iipn5jinTej[i 


vHTJX'b BumjieHiti f 


iHAHO •), qxo 



a) no Ta6jumft niTopxa BunycKH 3BOHKott MOHeiu orb 1700 ao 1762 toabl npo- 
CTirpajnicii : sojoroft 2,797,330 p. ; cepe6pKHnott 61,768,633 py6. Bi nocji*imelt 
oyMHt HO npHBAXiii paayH-l^eTCB vh cnerb cepeCpuBBua jieuhTn BHByflieBflw 
AO 1700 roAB. Cif Storch Cours d*6coB pol. t. 4 cTp. 299. 



- 250 — 

H^AHoft MOHOTBi jifiasoo 6uio HaxopTbCfl Ha purai BeGbMa 
He 6oj[bmo6 RoinqecxBO cpaBHHxeibHO ci sonqecTBovb 3Boh* 
K0& MoneTii. 

EcjH npH dTOiti o6paTHMi» BHHMame, qio bo sropoi 
nojioBHHJb XVIU Bi^Ra RoiH^iecTBO M^AHOi HOHeru^ Buny 

qeHHOft MOHeTHUMH ABOpaHH Kb KOHUy CTOJ&Tlfl opeBOcxojiiio 
80 MHJJQOHOBl pySjieft (IIlTOpXl), TO rt CyHHU, KOTOpUl 

Haxopjucb Ha fUEsfk bi pascHaTpHBaeMuft naiin nepioni 

AOJUKHU EasaTbCfl CpaBHHTOJbHO HHqTOSHUMR. 

MesAy TtMii Bci^ HBCJ&AOBaTeiH A^HesHoft CHCTeiu n 
FocciH nepBott hoiobrhu XYIIl cTOii^Tifl roBopflTb o qpeBU- 
tiattHOM'b HanmBt MftAHott mohotu; o tomi qxo uinmio- 
Hexa BUTicHHJia 3010TO h cepeSpo sarpaHHi^, h cf!kmmG^ 
caMOCTOffreibHUiTb MamTaSoH'B i^hhogth hh pmiftb, iwi^W" 
MHHOfo cuibHuxi E0Jie6aHiit i^hii h BeKcejibHaro lypca. 

Tasoe Mj^nie cocroflHiH ACHeasHaro puHKa bi PocciHBi. 
nepByio nojroBHHy XYIII B'bKa yciaHOBjeno Wb nayst Illie 
i^epoH'E, B'B ero couHHemH, soiopoe nu i^HpyeMi Macro Co 
MHHeuie dTo, Corarb&nee ho HaxepiaJiy, HecHorpa ua Hecoi- 

HOHHUfl AOCTOHHCTBH, B'B CBOHXl TJiaBHilX'B BUBOAaXl OCHOBBHO 

Ha HHl^HiflX'B 6apoHa MHHHxa, 6uBmaro AHpeRxopOHi lOHer- 

HUXl popoB'b HpH AHffb loaHOBH^, MHi^mRXl coBepmeHHo 

jiosHuxi. Mhhhxii npHHaAJesaJTL ri> wciy A^Rxejeit no ne- 
penetiaTHJ^ HRxaROBi*; npHnflciJBajrL ocoSohho aasRoe anaqeflie 

OaJBIUHBOft HOHOXt, OAHHX'B ^aJLbOIHBUX'B HflXaROBl HaCyHTU- 
Mlb OWb no 6 MHUiOHOBl, HHCaJH HpOdRXU BWAv/b Dfl- 
XaROBli HOCpeACXBOM'L JIOXapOR, H HOTOH'L, ROFAB ORasajocb ^m 

B'b oOpau^eHiH uaxaROB'b fiujio Menbuie q'bM'b groimo Bunym^ 
Ra3H0H), npHAyMUBan BGeBOSuosHua onpaBAaBia a^ ^^'^ 
npesHHXi npeAHoioseHitt. HsGJitAOBaHie IDiei^epa, npn Roiopoit 
npHioaseHu npoanxu HHHHxa, mbjio hsbI^cxho wl pyccKoS 0- 
xepaxypt ^ ho uwb noJbsoBaJicfl DIxopxi^, aaxopi 3ecbMa 13- 



- 251 - 
BicTHutt, HHftHie soToparo BcerAa 6yAerB nojibaoBaTBCfl bbto- 

pHTOTOMl H He Vh OAHOtt TOJIbKO PoCCiH. Bl COSejltHUO HlTOpX'L, 
CraHOBflCB B'B npOTHBOpft^e CBOHMl COSCTBeHHIJM'B T60p6TH- 

qecsmrb h HcropHqecRHMi H3cit/iioBaHiflMi», yAepsan saSjiys- 
jieHifl Illjiei^epa OTUocnTejbHO A^HesHaro puHBa bi PoccIh bi 
pa3CHaTpHBaeiiuft HaMH nepioAi*, a nosAH'ftfiniie nncaTeju npo* 

AOJISaiOTL TOARO paSBHBaTb BTH 3a6j[y8AeHui *). 

npH OTCyTCTBlH MBJIKOfl CepeSpflHHOft H0H6TU, M^AHafl MO- 

» 

Hera AOisna 6ujia mArb aasHoe sua^eHie bi A^HeiKfloirb o6pa- 
mfiWE. fiesHOJiedHii BCflfiin BuqHCJieHifl o tomi, wl RaKOHii ro- 
jumecTBi Mi AHOft MOHeiu HysAajicfl lorAanmift puHORb ; mosho 
oAHaKoxe CRaaaib, wso noTpe6uocTb wb eefi cpasHHTejUiHO ci 
RaseHHUMH BEuycRaMH, 6uj[a BecbHa BejHRa, TaRi> wo aa 



a) Borb co6cTBeRBUii cjona niTopxa o vftABoft MoHeit h o AeBasBOM'B 
puBvb Boo6Bie npH neipt I h ero BpeeMBBKaxi> no EKaiepHBU 11 : «3toti> rocy- 
xapb (Uerpt I) yMeninniBnin Ba BojoBHBy utBBocTb cepe6pBBBaro py6jiff, aa- 
<iaji 6urh utjpxjn MOBery mecm copTOBi> orb nojiynojiymKR ao nfliBROBteH- 
BHBa* SaxoBBUt Bicb dToit MOBeru cbjsbo BSMtBajcji vh paiBue nepioiOii ero 
qapcTBOBaBiii. Bi 1704 rojiy BaaflaHeBii 6iiijii> 20 py6jieBuft cb ny^a Btcx**. . * 

„BU BBABTO HTO EMBepaiOpi BpHAajn Ht/(B0ft MOBOTt KiBBOCTb Bl> TpH paaa 

6oji&inyi> T. e. Ba 300% , ci> 1718 ro^a BejrbBO AiJiaTb M-bjoiyD MOBory Bt 40 
py6jieft GTb ByAa, aiorb Btci> yAepsaBi* EBaiepsBOD I h neTpoMi> U. 3Atcb 
irfcAHaB MOHera ooiaoBa dujia Buaie Ba 566*',Vo ■ py^^Jib iiftABult vb j^ltcTBH- 
TCJUBOcn cTOiijn 15 KOBlevi. KaKi> bb HpeaBunaitBO oicTynjieBie 9to ott> 
AUcTBBTejbBOtt vftBU HtABolt MOBeTu , OBa Hoserb 6uih yAepacajia 6u cbod 
HOMBBaJibByD BtBBOCTb, ccjib 6iiI 3a BCD coxpaHBjiH xapaicTepi» paaiffeBBOlt HO- 
Hem ; BO ee Be rojihwo HexaBBJOi bi> 6ojibBnix'B MOBeTaxi>, bo b BUBycBaiii bii 
TaxoMi» vpeaBinaltBOM'B KBJoniecTBt, hto oBa aeMeAiieBBO BarBa^a mt o6pan(e- 
Hifl nacTb cepe6pjiBBoft MoaeTu. . . (jjitACTBia laxolt cMCieiiu aojdkhu 6iub 
6iiTfc aecMacTflu. lloKa vtABaa MOBera coxpaBBja cbod BoiiBBa4fcByD uliBBocib, 
puBOKi» 6iui aaToiueaii •ajibBuiBOD mobotod BOAAtjiaBBOD bi> coctABHxii cipa- 
Haxi** (AaAie niiopxi roBoparb o mecia HajLuoaaxii •ajibfluiBUX'b aaiaKOBi, 
cjtAyii HaBBxy). ^,Ha Bce aoABHecTBO •ajunaBoll noaeru aaocTpaaKU aaay- 
mua cepedpaaayn Moaery a Toaapu bt> Poccia , cb 6apumoMi> 560*. « : Poccia 
o6tABiia aa bcd ary cyMny a juBuuacb cepe^paaaoft Hoaeru. dia o6cToa- 
xeACTBa ae aaiieAJUUB aQaaaaib aonHaajbayiQ otBBooTb MmaqU MoaeTU, a 



— 252 — 
puflBt nocTOflHflo ^GTfiOBaiCfl CRopie H6AOCtaT0Ei qtn 

HdoSlUlie MtAHOft MOHCTU. IIpi6Ml> 66 OpH B3H0Ct fi^mi 

(liiiaBHafl rapamifi BpeAuia M^AHoft hoh6TU) cyqecTBOBaii m. 
Te«ieHiH Bcero pa3GMaTpHBaeMaro uami nepioAd, h npaiuiTejir 
CTfio, He CMOxpfl Ha Bdb HayAoGcTBa orb uoiyqeniji xoiopi 
M!bnbiD^ HducBHBHBajio pasiHqHUfl Mtpu YAepsaTb Mtpyi) lo- 
HCTy Bi HapoAHOMi o6pafl(eHiH, ho aacbMa ptA^o npiHraj^j 
Kb orpamqraiflM^ bi» npiCHj^ npH ujaTesaii noxanti; rt 
HeMHorie ciyqaH, bi> Koxopux'b upaBHxeJibCTBo npH Baeoci Ht 

HOTOpiUl HajIOrOBl TpeOOBBJIO BBOBEOfl HOHeiU, He MOrJH HiiTb 

HHBaKoro BJUflflia na i^tHHOCib m^ah, tbhi Ran BOjneciBu 
nocjitAHeft 6juj[o secbiia mbjio. FbbmI^H'b mI^ahoA Moemifli 
isepeOpo npoH3BOAHACfl hb puuRJ^ cBo6oAHO<, noBpafiBdi rtpt 
EiTb HHBaBHX'L npflSHaROBT. cymecTBOBaHifl Jia»a; eaase 
Hu He BCTp'J^^aeMi npaaujibHaro pasMl^Ha H'&AHofl BioiieTUH!! 
cepe6po bi> Baccaxi npaRHTejibcxBa , to bio Mosen Kubcu 
cjyffiHTb AOKasaxejibCTBOH'B , 4T0 ROJiHqeciBo Mi^AHott MonerH 
He iipeBumajio noxpeOHOCieft puHEa, tbe^ 4to oauiii> npiei> 
Bb HOAaTflX'b 6iAJLb coBepmeHHO aoctbtowoh) rapaHiieio en 
RpeAHTB. 



no Mtp^ Toro K^Kh ona npH6jiHsajiacb irb CBoeit BnyTpeBeeft stHBocTi. Bct 
TOBapu Bii MejiRott npoxaiBi nponopmoHaibHO xoposaiH, Hapojn cTpuin*" 
npasHTejucTBo, npHHRMaA aiy MOHery no ea HOMHsajiLHott ntnt, ■enuruiaio 
HYBCTDHTeJibBOe yiieaunenie aozoaobi. 

3tr 6tjicTBiii paospujiB HaBOHem rjiaaa axMBBiicTpaniH : vh 1733 top, 
HMoep. AHBa Bejitia BunycKaTb HOByi> MOHery no 10 pydiett lai nyxa. ^ 
MOBera Hvbjia BoiaraaAHyi) qtSBoeTii loibBO na 53 W Bume xtficTBi- 
Tejbflott ; HO TaiTb Bairb npesBAA Mosera ocTaBajacb bi> o6panieBiB, to ua sef 
noKynajifl xopomyv Hosery, HneaaBmyi) laKnirb oapaaovb HeHe;ueaBo lo tf * 
xo/rb HSi noiTb icojioTKa'^ Cm. Conrs d'6con. pol. t. 4 crp. 81 b cm. 

Bo BcoMi aTovii ooHcaHiH AeaesHaro puHxa HlTopzi cAtAonxh Mix^- 
H ABse noBTopiieTB npoABOJOseBie Mbbrxb o nosynKft boboS Mm<A «oe<iii 
aa cfapyv , npexno^iosenie H3o6p'&TeBBoe Mkbuxoh^ wi onpasjiaBiii cBoirt 
npo»BTOBi> B HOHBcjeBiB oajbrniBott mobotu. 



- 253 — 

IIpeACtaMflH C060K> RpejllITHfiltt SHaR'B, MtAHdR MOBeTa, 

BunyqeHHaff ffime wh 6ojibmoH'& Ron^eciFb, ho He noxep- 
nl^Bmafl oGeai^iHenifl , moria Ha Majio pasBHTOM'B piiHR% 3a- 
Hi^HflTb sojiOTyH) n cepefipflHHyio MOHexy, Barb dxo SuBaex^b 
iipH 3aH']&Ht MexajJiH^ecRaro o6paii^eHifi RpeAHXHUifL. 

Ho BfbAHafl MOHexa B<b xaROMi cjiyqal^ ho Horja hcrjih)- 
qaxb noxpefiHOcxH vb aBWRoS MOHexi^ RaRX b'b Macuixa5£ i^I^h- 
HocxH H opyjQH HaRonj6Hifl, a Horjia saii'&HiiTB ee xojbro rbri 
opyAie oOpan^Hiff n xo bi MejiRHXi njiaxeffaxi. 

Mill yRasajH RaRi M^AHaa Monexa, B'B HaSpaHHiiik naMH ne- 
pioAi>^ Majio no majiy BUX'bCHHira hs^ o6pan{6Hifl Menyio ce- 
peOpflHHyio MOHexy, BCJlbACXBie HOAOCxaxROB'B HopexHoft cRCxeMU 
n noxpe6HOCxeii puHRa B'B MOJiRoft MOHexi* 

Opu MosexHofi epHHi^l^, He cooxBtxcxBOBaemefi noxpe6- 
HocTaM^ cjia6o pasBHxaro xosaficxBa, npn oxcyxcxaiH HejiBoft ce- 
pe6pflHHo)t MOHexBK H Majiott cpeAHett noRynR^ Ha puHRi, ir6Auafl 
MOHeTa A^ficxBHxejiBHO Horjia flBJiaxBcs 'caMBiirB ynoxpeSHxejiB- 
mwb opynienfB o6panteHifl, lAwb Sojite, ^rro SBORRaH Monexa, 
npH cjiadoMB paaBHxin neHesEHaro xoaaftcxBu, nojHxeqecRHX'B 
cHyxaxB, Rpi^socxHOMi> npaaft, aojishe (firjia cjiysHXB B'B hb- 
poAHOBTB xo3flftcxBfe He cxojiBRO opy^ieMi o6paii^eHiR, crojibro 
opy^ieMii eOepeaeHifl RannxajoB'B. Ho RaR'B hh Majro pasBnxo 
r)i)i.io B'B xo BpeMH A^HCiiSHoe xo3RitcxBO, Bce ase noxpe6HOcxB 
Aase B'B opyAiflXii oSpaqemfi 6Brjia BHaqvrejiBHo Oojbiue Bcero 
KojiHqecxBa MtAHott Monexu oSpaqaBiuefica b'b napoAt. Mbi 
yRasajni, qxo oahh'b bshocb noaaxefi xpeSoaajiB aecBMa 3Ha- 

^lUXeJlBHUXl cyMMii, 3a RCRJiioqeHieH^ ROXOpUX'B, Jl^M XOprOBJIH 

u pasH^na aojisho 6iijio ocxasaxBca neSojiBmoe ROJiH^ecxBo 
M'bAHoii Monexu; xbr'b qxo ona He xojibRo ne HorJia Buxbc- 

HllXb 3B0HR0tt MOHeXU, RBRl OpyAlH HSM'J&peHiH H HBRonjieHia 

i^'bHHOcxeft) HO A^K^ K^'B opyAie oOpau^eHia uono^HflJia xojbro 
HCAocxaxRH B'B Meuoft MOHext. 



- 254 - 

Mh sHaeHi, vro npH popl^ oSpan^aiocB npeHHymtecTBeHHO 
30J0T0, a Kb BUcnieM'b EJiaccb, y ABopflHCTBa, Boofin^e BBOHiair 
NOHeia. Tojibso bi* MeiRHxi nosyimaxi h bi HB3ineH'L Kiacct 
mcezmK ni]p> MOMd nMSTbcn caMumb oSmeynorpeSicrejDuain 
opYAieMB oSpau^emfi. 

JlyqniHirb noATBepsAemeiTB Tanoro MH'ftuifl MoryrB ciy- 
8HTB cjiOBa QlyBajioBa OTHOCHxejbHO Toii pojoi, saRyM) Hrpaia 
3B0HRafl MOHera Ha puiust wb ero BpeMa: cBunyn^eHHaji an 

Ka3HK[ HHOrHXl HMJDOHOB'B pyOjieBBfl MOHCTa (npasHTeiMW 

cwiaio TorAa cepeSpaHHoii MOHeru bi o6paii<eRiH no 50 nx) 
6oj[bmafl qacTb bi* pyeaxi napTKsyupHux'L BHyipH Focyxap- 
CTBa o6paqa6TCfl, a y hhx'l ocTaBinie TaMO 3a ynorpeGjiemen 
iiiTb HaAo6HOCTeft h%croju>bo^ HHorxa orb pa3Biaxi» wpuiMh 
qenifi B^ 3eMJ['&, bi* boa^ h bi ornt nponaAaiM, h B^aa- 
ABiorb, a y APyrHXi» 6631 BcsRoii nojibdu lesarB* ""). 

HaRoiueHie KanHTajOBii m^ sBOHBoii HOHeii Mono cy* 
iqecTBOBBTB Bi TO Bpeaifi BO Bctxii KJiaccax'B oOn^ecTBa h ipe- 

SOBBTb BeCLMB SoibUlHX'b CyMITb. Bucmle CaHOBHHKH BaHHn- 

jiHCb OTRynaMH h npH cjiaOoMi pa3BHTiH pocRomH, npH aefija- 
ronpiflTHUXi ycjoaiflxi a^ KpeAHxa, aohkhu 6ujh coxpaaarb 
3HawTejibHUfl cyMui. HaRonjieBie RanHraJioB'b bi BOBflnaB- 
meiTb TorAB cpeAHeMi» cocjioBin 6uao Taase BHaqHTejOiHo. Ecjdi 
coipajcHbifl ycjLOBifl ajih padBHrifi ToproBaro Rjiacca 6£uh bi 
TO BpeHfl BecbMa HeBuroAHbi, to pasBHTie AeneisHaro xoBflMciBa^ 
B03HHRaBniafl oaSpH^nafl h 3aB0ACRafl npoMumieHHOCTb, noon^ 
peeifl npaBHTOJibCTBa , RaaeHHue noApflAU h BooOnte act bko* 
HOMH^ecRifl ycjoBifl 6uj[h BecbHa SjiaronpiflTHbi. D^epCaroBi, 
sajiyacb hb to, qTo bb ero Bpema npaBHTejibCTBo x^LBajo 
Rym^aM'b qHHbi h popaHCTBO, roBOpHTi mo <Heiiaj[yiD 6u 
MOSHO 6biJio HaiiHcaTb TeTpaAb HMBB'b Ttxi OoraTibttniiixi bi 



a) n. C. 3. Tom XIV, — 10,777. 



— 255 — 

PocGiH wymjflvbi Koroptie ci Sojliiihhh KanHTaian buuiir 
nn ToproBJH» .... cecjH bc1^xi» cqecib, to no KpattHeft Mibpt, 
6yAcrb Tuoro Bumepiaro hsi Topry KanHxajiy 6oAe a^chth 

NHJJUOHOB'B, H HB C^HXafl MHOSOCTBa SaBOA^HKOBl H HXl A^Xefi 

no TypqeHHHOBa, IIoxoAfluiHHa h npoqHXi » Sairi^THH'B, mto 
Bi paacMaxpHBaeHoe HaHH BpeHfl flBMexcfl ^aHHJiifl Jlfiwuno- 
mn. MesAy xI^H'b, ho xojibRO HasonjieHie lanHxaJOBi , ho 
5oibmafl qacxb xoproBuxi oSopoxoBi npoHSBopjiacb npn no- 
cpeACXBi 3BOHKoii MOHexu. ToproButt kpcahtb 6un cjaSo pas- 
BHTi>. lUepepi roBopEXii, ^xo MOCEOBCsie Ryni^u HHRorAa h6 
njaxHJui no BeRcuHHi A^Hori, a npoAJarajH hjh xoaapi 6paxB 
HJR saiiHcaxL Ha c^exi , — Boo6qe ne oxoxho paacxaBajiHCB 

n 3BOHH010 MOHeXOK). 

HaROHei^ OXHOCHXeUHO pOjra 3B0HK0tt H0H6XU Bl* HH3- 

mevK, Bp'&nocxHOHii HacejeHiH, mu BaHMcxByeHi BunHCKH mi^ 
pa3Hui'B aBxopoBi, npiiB0AHMK[6 IHjiei^epoM'B. 

lawh IleppH roBopHxi, cirro Bacaerca cSepesefiift, xo y 
npocxaro napoAa cyqecxayexii oSuqaft npaxaxb B^ sohjuo. 
Tan qxo BftpoaxHO xepaexcH dxmrB iiyxeMi Becbira SoAiuaa 
cyrnia, BCiiAcxBie cMepxH xfixi, Koxopue npaxajH*. BiouiHHr'b 
Toro se MffbHia: tcoBepmeHHO BtpoaxHO, qxo b'b PoccIh a^- 
Herb Gojibme b'b aeiuiio sapbixo, ^fbwh naxoAHXca na noaepx- 
nocxH. BpecxbflHe o^enb Soflxca HacHJdfl, Koxopua hx^ A^Hbra 
Moryxii HBBjeqb mrb. Haionei^^ aaxopi Essai sur le Comm. 
de Buss. roBopEXb: cMonexa BcerAa 6um p'^akb bi PoccIh, 
orb paaJH^HUxi npHqHHb. y PyccKHXii cyqecxByexi> o6bi^aft 
ceRpexHO npaxaxb coSpaHHua A^Hbra, qxo6u H36'6rHyTb ajq- 
HocxH rocnoAi*. Illjiei^ep'b cMtexca HaAi> bxhmh pascRaaaHH, 
H roBopHxi, qxo enie b'b 1764 roAy Sujii RaRoft-xo nacxopi 
dfidCH'b, HanHcaBimft cxo npoaRxoBi, RoxopuMH xox%jii> oqacx- 
iHBHXb PocciK); MesAy npo^HH'b) owl npeA^araji'b cpeACxaa 
tmiJudoHU CRpuxue wh pyccRofi seiuit aosapaxHTb hb caixii ». 



Ho mjiei^epi OTKaBUBafl bo BCflKowB SHa^eHm TOiy m 
AOHbrH npniajiH bl seHJia ii 3aii(H]i^afi HHtaie, wo bi Poccii 

3B0HR0ii MOHeXU COBC^Ml He SUJO, npHBOABTl HeBtpHUfl AOBa* 

saxeJUbCTBa n BnaAaeiL b'l npoTiiBop'&^iifl. 

Oui roBopHn>, qxo bi> FepiiaHin xose 6iijih cboh o6pa3]iu 
rpaSflTejefi bocboa'l, a HecjojuiHO, qToCu tbmi. sapuBaJH AeHbin; 
Hes^y TtBii, no CBHA'^TejibCTBy Fejiba^epHxa m XYm stEt 
H Bi repMamn cyqecTBOBajii» eii^e btotl oouqafi. JI,ajite, jo* 
sasBiBafl , qio Bi PocciH y qacTHMXi) JiOAeft ho mofjo mn 
3B0HK0fi MOHOTU ^ injiei^epi) cosudeTCfl , ^iTo npH neTpt I H 
nepBUXi qeiupexii ero npeoMHHKax'b bi Poccih ho saiiiHo 
HHKBEofi HysAU BT* A^Hbraxi (Geld-Not). 

B3% npHBOAeHHUxi coo6paseHiil oTHOCHiejibHO xoifoiHi 
Kaxyio Hrpaja SBOHKafl Moaeia aa pyccKOM^ A^HesHOMii fvaA^ 
H08H0 npiftxH Kb TOHy aaBJUD^eHiio , mo B'L caMofi MOHeiBol 

CHCTOMt He 6UJ[0 HHBaKHXl> npHqHH'B) ROTOpUfl BUBUBaiB 6H 

nepenjEBBi hjh otjihbi bbohkoS Moaexu aarpaHHi^y. 

MeasAy i^mt* nacaTejoi, saHHiiaBmiecfl HCTopien jifiEen «h 
PocdH B'L XVni cTOJilbxiH, yxBepflSAaiox'B ^ qxo cepefipo yxo- 
AHJo B8i» PocciH sarpaHHUiy, h Ha puHS'6 nomm HCKJUO^HTeMO 
ocxaBBjacb M'bAHafl Monexa. TaRoe HBJieHie oOiHCHflion h3- 
nrnHHHi HanuiBOMii oajBHiHBott mohoxu^ BCJiJ^JicxBie ^ero 
npoHCXOAHJEO 6yAXo6u oSesi^^HeHie Hl^poft mohoxu h BUx6cHe- 
Hie BBOHROfi HB'B o6paHteHifl. TaROBO 6ujo MH'bHie npaBHTejb- 
cxBa npH Ahh6 loanHOBHt, bo bpcmh nepene^axRH ufbn/noif^o- 
Hexii B'L xmejoB'l&CHyio. Bnoca^ACTBiH npn Eracaaexlb IlexpoBBi, 

RBRl MU BHA'bJIH , HpaBUXejIbCXBO yCHl^JIO pa3y6'&AHXbGfl BO 
BpeAHOMl BJUHHIH jerKOBl^HOfi MWeXU H Bl MHHMOMl ua* 

HJOiBt oajEPjHHBUXii jifiReT-by a xanaRe h b'l xomi, hto 3B0H- 
RBfl MOHexa yfflia 3arpaHHity , h wo ee coBCibH^b Btn bi 
HapoAHom odpaqeHiB. Tojibio B'b mjBA SuroA^pa Ibmayi 



tltAnie^, A OT^tOTi yiasavb BpeMosi Ahhu loaHHOBRit U 
EiHcaBem nerpoBHU cyqecTByerL en^e bto 3a6jiysA6Hie. 

He mxoAi npiBHaKOB'b oOeaqtHeHia MibxHUXi jifiwv% bi 
paacMaTpHBaeifiiS Han neploA'B, mu Moseirb CBasaxb, ^to b% 
Moieniott eiCTeMft methM NCKaTb npH^HHi Buxona SBOHKoft 
wmnu BarpaHHqy, h ^to buxoxi Bcett HOHeni nopoABBineS 
noA'B o6nty» CHCTCMf , hofb npoHCxoptb tojmo bi TflROMX 
cjywft, ecu 6u eocTOime HeiajUHqeciaro puBRa PoociH npex- 
oraBJUO leoGxoAnim nm voro ycioaiff, t. e. ecu 6u i(Bh* 
Been 6iaropoAHyx% MeTajJOBi wh PocciH Ouia bbso ^ibMi 
BE xpy™^*^ eBponeScBHX'B puHRax'B. 

DpaBHa, ncAfpim HexoeratKOB'b MORerfloS CHCieMu, 
■erjn yxoxm Barpaniqy BOJiorac MoeeTa i crapiu beicoro- 
i^Qu oepeSpfliHHa xeHUH. 

^TD laeMKiE MiBeea aoiotott lomni, to ecJH 6ii Aase 
ORB Bca ymiai -^ norepi xu piuRa 3 muumw^ py6jefl bi 
fewne 60 Avh le Horja HMtn^ aaMflaro BHa^eHiit. 

Mejtaa se oepeOpinaa MORera, rbri vu bva'6'H) ^^^^ 
nepeneuvaHa npaMTejBCTBOVL ro^th bcr, aa RCKJiD^eHieMi^ 
oxHoaxiitaTi nuicmoBi pyOjieft, RoropuxD^ ReAoovHTUBaJia Rasna, 
H ROTopae Mom Sutb orqacTR BUBeaeeu, ot^bcth nepenjiaB- 
jeRtt H ocraBaiRCB aa pyccRovB MerajiJiHqecROMb puBR'6; 
HaRonei^'B ^bctb Morja Sutb coBepmcRHO noiepflRa wh Te^enie 
copoRRjitoHflro oOpaqeRiR. Ha jipiuo sarpaflaqRaro BiiiBCBa npa- 
xoAHTCfl oiftAOBaTejibHO ResHaqHTejiBHafl cyHMa Ho h othoch- 

TeJIBRO BTOtt cyMMU, B TBRSB BOJIOTOtt MOHeTU, CJli^^iyeTB 6^6 

aaMlbTRn, ^to coeRyuipfl rb pasHOCTB iiesAy puHoqaoio i^'&ic- 

ROCTBIO BTOtt MOHeTU R CR BaRORRlDTB RypCOMl llOFJia Dpe^- 

cTBBJiRTb eflawreiBRue 6apumR tojibro bi raROMB cjiyqai, 
ecAH Oh aa pyceRom puRRft MOHexa ara xoahjeb tojibro ro 
aaaoHRoiiy Rypcy, ho Tar& rbbi bb nee 6un xas^, to bu* 
BOBi He Morb A^aTb ocoGiiixi 6apbunei* HaaoRei^'b npn bu- 

13 



eoROM'L BeRcejibHaMi sypefb niaTeaH saipaHvi^ .loiorrom i 
CTapuiiii cepeSpoM'B He Morjifl npexcraiiJAib Buroxi>. 

H xaRi, m^'b Bcero CKaaaHHaro oTHocHTe^BHo MOHerHoi 
CHCTeMU, cjtAyex'B) ^to xojibso oaho noHiiseHie jtoeTOHMcnui 
jHOHCTHoft eAHHflmdi AOJUKHO 611IJ10 yMeHboiHTb ifiHUOCTb xeHerii; 
jipyrHX'b 86 npHUHi oSeai^Beufl. A^uen bi MpHexHol (» 
cieMt HO 6ujio. 

SoMTaa H BucoKonpoSHafl oepe^puHHaa MOHexa, uAk 
CTBie HH3Baro saEOHHaro Kypca He mvM yAepataxbCfl n lo* 
Hexflofl CHoxeiKt, h, noxepaBmn BHawHie a^^b^i^) npeBpaTJUMb 
B'b xoBapi. 

HaROBei^^ uijsfiw MOHexa, bo. Becb paacMBxpDtaeiid 
BBMH neploA'b, He. OHOxpa hb act npnptin^eHia, xaroptfn m 
noABeprajacb, nojibdOBajiacb no4BUM7» HpeABTOirb b% v^ 
KojHqecxBo efl. Quunm Bi ofipan^eBiM arb pasBoe. Bptn Be 
xojibRO h6 npeBOOXOAUo noxpe^BOCveit puHsa, bo bo Bceria 
Aa»e yAOBjexBopBJia noxpe6BocTB b:^ Ha^iffol ifOB«rt, h hoomj 
Be Borjto BMtxb BBsaBoro BJiiflHia bb iia ea speABT^, be u 
ea i^tHBOcxb. Bo aecb padCMaxpHBaeBuK flaiiB nepioA'^i loi le 
aaxoABM'b BHRaBBX'b npHBBaROB'b o6eai^']^iieflia hj^abkui a^^^ 

npH CJ[a60 paSBBXOM'L A^BeVHOM'b X03HtiOXB'6 M'l^AHftfl^ ^^^^ 

He Morja opeAcxaajaxb ocoOux'b HeyAoucxB'b a^b puHsa; ojho 
npaauxejibcxBo, nojibdyacb aoxoaomii npii BiiiaycRi^ HtAH» ^P' 
cxBOBBJio 6ojibmifl HeyAoGcxaa on Hunjbiaa m^aboI MOflertt 
B'b ero Raccu. Ho dxoHy act M'6pu iipoxBBii hhhmo BpeAsar* 
BJiiflBiB MtAHUx'b Aeaers aa aapoAHoe xosalicxBO, a^ ocaoBaflii 
CBoeH'b BUxeaajH aai aseiaHia ycxpaanxb m'^a^ b31i sasee- 
Hmi cSopoBi. Ha. HapoAfloe me xo»flilcxBO 6e3'b coBHteii 
Bi)eAHO A'bficxBOBaJia qacxua nepentHU bt> bj^aboS Boeert) 
apn qeMi He xojibRO. aaxpyAnajocb oOpaiueHie, bo uKhiBi 
BBA'fiJB, BJiaA^^Jbi^ MOHexu necjiH bbofa^ sqaqBieJbHhia noreji. 



• f 



TJiABA nflTAfl. 

CooTOAHie BOKoejnbHaro sypoa h o6miA savib^aHi^t 

OTHOOBTeJ&HO K^Hl^ Ha XjA6'h. 



fio3pacTaBniafl noTpeSnocxb wb Aparoi^i^nnux^ MeTajuaxi 
Ba pasBHBaBoieMCfl pyccsoMi MeTajrjiHqecBoirB puHBt, n Heaua- 
VHTejbHaa paspaGona coScTBeHHUXi py ahhrobi bcjh ex tomj ^ 
mo Poccifl AOiiBHa 6ujia yAOBjexBopflTb cnpocy aa sojioto h 
cepeOpo nyieiii BBtmHeft xoproaw. Tasi EaKb ToproBua cho- 
meHifl cb aanaABOH) EaponoH) 6um npaBHJibHU h nocTOEHBU, 
TO i^tHHOCTb Aparoi^tHfluxi MerajuoBi bi PoccIh, npH cno- 
BoftHOiTB cocToaHin MexajuHqecRaro puHEa sanaAHoii EBpoiiu, 
He Horja npeAcxaaiaxb sHa^HxeJibHux'b n npoAOJtsHxejibHbix'b 
E0Jie6aHift ; BMtcxt cb jtwb h i^tHHocxb A^Herii, HaxoAfln^aflca 
wb xtcHOii saBHCHMOcxH oxi» ptHHOcxH AP^roi^'bHnbix'b Mexaj- 
joBi, Morjia nopepraxbCfl B0Jie6aHiflM'b xoibEo BCJilbACXBie ne- 
peMl^Hii, npoHCXOAHBniHX'b bi* MonexHoft CHCxeut. 

Mbi BHA^jiH, qxo eAHHCXBeHHaa nepeBrbna Bb MoeexHoft 
CHCxeMt, BMtBmaa BJiiaHie na noHHsenie i^'6bhocxh A^Herb 
cocxofljia B'b noHHseaiH MOHexHofi eAHHH^u, — APyi'flX'^ op^' 
mswb H3HtHeHifl i^tHHOCXH A^Herb bi MonexHott CHCxeit He 
6iuo. Ho axoMy cjitAyexi npiftxH Kb aaEJuoqemio, qxo i^'6h- 
Hocxb A^Herb bi PbccIh oxi» 1700 ao 1762 roAa ocxaaajiacb 
iieHdHftHHOK) 9 aa acBJUoaemeH'L HeaHaqHxeuHaro noHHsemfl 



- 260 



i^HHocTH Hxi, nocjTi^AOBaBinaro nocA'i^ yMeHBmeHifl xocroHBCTBa 
MOHCTHoft eAI[HH^u Bi> 1718 roA7. 

noATBepsAeHieifb TaRoro BUBOAa HoxeTi cjysHTb cocxoflHie 
BCKcejibHaro Eypca h i^tHi na lAH bo secb pasciaTpHBae- 
MHft HaMH nepioA^B. 

GatA'i^Hifl o coctohhih BeRcettHaro fiypca bi PocdH on 
1700 ffl 1762 roAa mu saBMCTByeii'B nai Ta6jiBi^i npHBOjii- 
loixi^ UlTopxoirL *). 



rojui 


IlapH 
pj6iM Ha 
mTHBepu 


BeKceiBHult 


Kypcii 


Tom 


py6.iii aa 
niTHDepu 


BeKce^iBHul Kypci 


Biiem. 


cpeAH 


j HHam 


Bucm. 


cpeji?. 


BiaOL 


1700 


50 


91 


50 


1 


1738 


42'/. 


50V, 


49 


47'/, 


1704 


99 


99 


54 




1739 


J> 


50 


48V, 


47 


1710 


91 


80% 


74% 


68% 


1740 


99 


50 


48V| 


4V/, 


1716 


19 


59 


56 


53 


1741 


n 


50 


48';, 


4Ti 


1717 


99 


56 


54% 


53 


1742 


99 


49 


47V. 


^\ 


1718 


4a % 


61 


60 


59 


1743 


99 


47 


45^ 


n 


1719 


9» 


60 


58*/, 


57 


1744 


99 


48V, 


46% 


^\ 


1720 


99 


63 


59% 


56 


1745 


99 


47% 


46 V, 


44\i 


1721 


99 


56 


56 


56 


1746 


99 


50% 


48% 


46 


1723 


M 


55 


52% 


50 


1747 


99 


60% 


45% 


40 


7723 


19 


54 


52 


50 


1748 


99 


48% 


46% 


44 


1724 


99 


57 


54 


51 


1749 


« 


45% 


44% 


44 


1725 


99 


67«/, 


55% 


53 


1750 


19 


47% 


47% 


47 


1726 


yf 


56 


53% 


51 


1751 


W 


47% 


46% 


46 


1727 


99 


53% 


51 


48% 


1752 


99 


50 


48»1. 


4^ 


1728 


99 


57 


52% 


48% 


1753 


W 


53 


51 


49^^ 


1720 


99 


59% 


56% 


53% 


1754 


19 


53 


51 


49V, 


1730 


9t 


53 


51 


49 


1755 


99 


51 


50 


49 


1731 


99 


58 


58 


58 


1756 


1) 


51% 


49% 


48% 


1732 


19 


50 


48% 


47 


1757 


99 


49% 


47% 


44V, 


1733 


99 


53% 


50 


46% 


1758 


W 


45% 


44% 


43\ 


1734 


n 


53% 


50 


46', 


1859 


99 


44 


43% 


41 


1735 


91 


51% 


50 


48% 


1760 


99 


42 


40 


38^ 


1736 


99 


51% 


- 49»y. 


47% 


1761 


99 


44*1 


43% 


4S 


1737 


99 


53 V, 

i 


51% 


50% 


1762 


9) 


47 


43% 


40'. 



a) Storch Cours d'ecoxL pol. t. 4 crp. 313 k Suppebd. ssumGemildeerp-' 



- 261 - 



57 uiT. 


; + 14«/. 


56 • 


+ 31% 


52% . 


+ 23V 


48 V, • 


H- 147. 


47 V, . 


+ 11 


45% » 


+ BVo 



031 BTOtl Ta6lRU.M BHABO, VTO BeRCBJIbHIilfi SypC'B BO BC6 

paacMaxpiiBaeHoe Hami BpeMfl 6un BurojsfiWh pg Poccm h 
TOJibRo Bi 1760 roAy, oahhi paai TeyeniH Bcero 62 jtTHflro 
nepioAa ohi ynajt HHse naps. Bucuiaa Towa ffi KOTopoit 
AOCTMraji BCRoejbBJbift Kypci SiiiJia 74 Vs ihthb. bi 1710 
rojy ; HBSinafl — 38 Vi nnmi. wh 1760 roxT- CpeAHift 
lypc* oTh 1700 Ao 1718 — 

1717 * 1724 - 

1725 B 1734 — 

1735 B 1744 — 

1745 t 1754 — 

1655 > 1764 — 

XOTH I^HOpU dTH UpeACiaBJfllDTL BCGbMa CHUHUfl ROie- 

6aHifl BescejibHaro Rypca, ho mu bhaumi, ^to ohi nocTOHHHO 
ocraBajLCfl BuroAHUifb h GBBA^TejbCTByexi o nocTOHHHOMi 
npHJHBft APsrou'J&HHUx'b MexajJiOB'b na pyccRiii HexauHqe- 

Cfiifi pUHORli iiepBOfi SOJIOBHHU XYIII BtRa. Bl^ aXOMli OXHO- 

moHiH cocxoflHie BeRcejibHaro aypca noAxaepsAaex'b xojibRo 
cnpaBCAJuiBocxb oSiuaro saRJioqemH CA^kJiaflHaro bbmh oxhoch- 
xejbHO Hamefi aarpaHHMHoil xoproBJiH. Ho nu bhabmi. mo 
BeRcejibnufi Rypci» bl CojibmeHCXBib toaobi Aocxuran xaRoft 
Bucoxu, Roxopaa AOJixua Oujia ffiKKO npeaocxoAHXb HBAepsRH 
npoBoaa, rbrl 6u bcjihrh ohh hbGuju, noaxoHy oabhhii bu- 
roAHUMi SaJBHCOMi aarpaHHwoft xoproaiH HeibSfl oSiacHiixb 
HH xaRoro BUCORaro cocxoflHia, hh Bctxi ROjeSaHiit BCRcejib- 
Haro Rypca. Vme miopxi santqajcb, ^xo ch copoROBUXi foaobii 
BeRcejbHbitt Rypci» naAan, xoxAa RaRb BuroAHuft xoproButt 
OajiaHCb BOdpacTajii *"). CjitAoaaxejibHo aojiirhu Sum cyu^e- 



Hoirb Kypct orb 1700 ao 1702 a«HMCTBOBaBu UlTopzoHi, y IleppH; aa 17