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" Wben found, make a note of." — Captain Cuttle* 

No. L] 

Saturday, January 4 5 1862. 

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Upwards of twelve years ago Notes and Queries 
was established for the purpose of supplying that me- 
dium of inter-communication, that channel for the an- 
nouncement of wants and discoveries, which had long 

been desired by literary men, and lovers of books. 

In our original Prospectus we stated that our object was 
to furnish to readers of that class, " A Common-Place 
Book, in which they might, on the one hand, record 
for their own use and the use of others those minute 


those elucidations of a doubtful phrase, or dis- 

puted passage, — those illustrations of an obsolete cus- 


those scattered biographical anecdotes, or unre- 

corded dates, — which all who read occasionally stumble 
upon; — and, on the other, a medium through which 
they might address those Queries, by which the best 
informed are sometimes arrested in the midst of their 
labours, In the hope of receiving solutions of them from 
some of their brethren." 

The idea was considered a happy one. Notes and 
Queries immediately obtained the good wishes and 
cordial assistance of many ripe and good scholars, and 
thanks to their co-operation, to Notes and Queries 
may fairly be applied the noble lines which Ben Jonson 
addressed to Selden, and which have been pointed out to 
us by one of the first and most valued of our contri- 
butors : 

" What fables have you vexed, what truth redeemed, 

Antiquities searched, opinio! s disesteem *.d, 

Impostures branded, and authorities urged! 

What blots and errors have you watched and purged 

Records and authors of ! how rectified 

Times, manners, customs! innovations spied! 

Sought out the fountains' sources, creeks, paths, ways, 

And noted the beginnings and decays! 

What is that nominal mark, or real rite, 

Form, act, or ensign that hath scaped your sight? 

How are traditions there examined ! how 

Conjectures retrieved! and a story now 

And then of times (besides the bare conduct 

Of what it tells us) weaved in to instruct ! u 

It would not be difficult to prove how well these lines 
characterise the curious discoveries and happy illustra- 
tions, on every branch of literature, which have from 
time to time been made public through the columns of 
Notes and Queries. 

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Notes and Queries is sufficiently shown bv the favour 

with which our first two Series have been received: for 
with pride we acknowledge that Notes and Queries is 
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We are now about to commence the Third Series, 
Our old Friends and Correspondents still support us; 
and we are encouraged by their support, and by our twelve 
years' experience, to hope that as our Second Series 
has been recognised as a great improvement upon the 
First, so will the Third be better still. " Ah Jove 

tertius Ajaz" 




The life of a literary antiquary is seldom suf- 
ficiently diversified to afford to a biographer many 
materials for his pen, so as to give interest and 
vivacity to the historic page. From the noiseless 
tenor of his daily pursuits, and the habit he has ac- 
quired of holding communion with the past rather 
than with the present, his existence is, generally 
speaking, subject to fewer vicissitudes than those 
which mark the mortal progress of persons be- 
longing to the more active professions : 

" Allow him but his plaything of a pen, 
He ne'er cabals or plots like other men." 

Respecting the parentage of William Oldys there 
is some obscurity. Mr. John Taylor, the son of 
Oldys's intimate friend, informs us that a Mr. 
Oldys was, I understood, the natural son of a 
gentleman named Harris, who lived in a respect- 
able style in Kensington Square. Plow he came 
to adopt the name of Oldys, or where he received 
his education, I never heard." * All his bio- 

* Records of my Life, i. 25, ed. 1832. 





l&* B. I. Jan. 4, *62. 

graphers, however, speak of him as the natural 
son of Dr. William Oldys, Chancellor of Lincoln 
(from 1683 till his death in 1708), Commissary of 
St. Catharine's, Official of St. Alban's, and Advo- 
cate of the Admiralty. That even grave civilians 
will sometimes deviate from moral purity, is de- 

in one of my large deal boxes for Mr. Dryden's 
letter of thanks to my father for some commu- 
nications relating to Plutarch, when they and 
others were publishing a translation of all Plu- 
tarch's Lives in 5 vols. 8vo, 1683. It is copied 
in the yellow book for Dryden's Life, in which 

plored by Dr. Coote, who had been informed that there are about 150 transcriptions, in prose and 
Dr. Oldys " maintained a mistress in a very penu- ' '' * j1 1#/i - 1 A ~" "'' :x! 

rious and private manner." * 

The civilian died early in the year 1708, and 
in his will he u devises to his loving cozen Mrs. 
Ann Oldys his two houses at Kensington, with 
the residue of his property," and " appoints the 
said Ann Oldys whole and sole executrix of his 
Will." It has been conjectured, with some de- 
gree of probability, that under the cognomen of 
cozen is meant the mother of our literary anti- 
quary ; more especially as we find from the will 

verse, relating to the life, character, and writings 
of Mr. Dryden." Pompey the Great was the Life 
translated by Dr. William Oldys. 

William Oldys, the son, was born July 14, 1696, 
and by the death of his parents was left to make 
his way in life by his own natural abilities. From 
his Autobiography w r e learn that he was one of the 
sufferers in the South Sea Bubble, which ex- 
ploded in 1720, and involved him in a long and 
expensive lawsuit. From the year 1724 to 1730 
he resided in Yorkshire, and spent most of his 

of the said Ann Oldys, that after two or three time at the seat of the first Earl of Malton, with 
trifling bequests, she " gives all her estate, real whom he had been intimate in his youth. In 
and personal, to her loving friend, Benjamin 

Jaekman of the said Kensington, upon trust, for 
the benefit of her son William Oldys, and she 
leaves the tuition and guardianship of her son 
William Oldys, during his minority, to the said 

1725, Oldys, being at Leeds, soon after the death 
of .Ralph Thoresby, the antiquary, paid a visit to 
his celebrated Museum.* As he remained in 
Yorkshire for about six years, it is not improbable 
that he assisted Dr. Knowler in the editorship of 

Benjamin Jaekman." The Will is dated March j the Earl of Straffordes Letters, &c. 2 vols. fol. 
21, 1710; and proved by Benjamin Jaekman on ; published in 1739. In 1729, he wrote an " Essay 
April 10, 1711, when our antiquary was in the j on Epistolary Writings, with respect to the Grand 

fifteenth year of his age. Collection of Thomas Earl of Strafford. Inscribed 

At the end of a pedigree of the Oldys family to the Lord Malton." The MS. was probably of 
in the handwriting of William Oldys, now in the some utility to his Lordship, and his Chaplain, 

(Addit. MS. 4240 f 


the following entry : " Dr. William Oldys, Ad- 
vocate General, born at Addesbury 1636 ; died at 
Kensington, 1708; Duxit Theodosia Lovet, Fil. 
Dom. Jo: llalsey : [Issue] William, nat. July 
14, 1696." That the Doctor married Theodosia 
Lovett there can be no doubt ; for not only is 
it stated by Burke, that " Robert Lovett, of Lis- 
combe in Bucks, married Theodosia, daughter 
of Sir John llalsey, Knt, of Great Gaddesden, 
Herts; he died s. p.'m 1683, eet. 26," (Extinct 
Iiaronetatrp* ed. 1844. n. 325\ but in a nedi^ree 

Dr. Knowler. | 

It was during Oldys's visit to Went worth House 
that he became an eye-witness to the destruction 
of the collections of the antiquary Richard Gas- 
coyne, consisting of seven great chests of manu- 
scripts. Of this remorseless act of vandalism our 

worthy antiquary has left on record some severe 
strictures. Here is his account of this literary 

holocaust : 

" Richard Gascoyne, Esq., was of kin to the Wcntworth 
family, which he highly honoured by the elaborate gene- 
alogies he drew thereof, and improved abundance of 
other pedigrees in most of our ancient historians, and 
particularly our topographical writers and antiquaries in 
personal history, as Brooke, Vincent, Dugdale, and many 
. ., . other?, out of his vast and most valuable collection of 

there describes himself as "sine prole, and omits deeds, evidences, and ancient records, &c, which after 
all mention of William Oldys in his will, but leaves j his death, about the time of the Restoration, when he was 

about eighty years of age, fell with great part of his 
library to the possession of William, the son of Thomas 
the first Earl of Strafford, who preserved the books in 
his library at Wentworth Woodhouse in Yorkshire, *"d 
the said MSS. in the stone tower there among 1 the family 
writings, where thev continued safe ami untouched till 
1728, when Sir Tho. Watson Wentworth J, newly made or 



College of Arms, dated 1700, and sub- 

scribed by Dr. Oldys, his marriage with Theodo- 
sia Lovett is duly recorded. While as the Doctor 

to 01dys\s mother the property which he even- 
tually inherited, there can be little doubt that 
the bend sinister ought properly to have figured 


the arms of the future Norroy. That Oldys 
always claimed the civilian for his father, ap- 
ears from the following note in his annotated 
jangbaine, p. 131: "To search the old papers 

* Lives ar.d Characters of eminent Enqlish Civilians, 
p. 95, ed. 1804, 

t The same volume contains a long account of Dr. 

William Oldys, and other biographical notices of the 


Life of Sir Walter Ralegh, p. xxxi. ed. 173G. 

Pamphlets, p. 561. 

% Thomas Wentworth of Wentworth Woodhouse, cre- 
ated Baron Malton 28 May, 1728; Baron of Wath and 
Harrowden, Viscount Higham, and Earl of Malton 19 

5"» S. I. Jan. 4, '62. ] 


about to be made Earl of Malton, and to whose father 
the said William Earl of Strafford left his estate, burnt 
them all wilfully in one morning. I saw the lamentable 
fire feed upon six or seven great chests full of the said 
deeds, &c., some of them as old as the Conquest, and 
even the ignorant servants repining at the mischievous 
and destructive obedience they were compelled to. There 
was nobody present who could venture to speak but my- 
self, but the infatuation was insuperable. I urged that 
Mr. Dodsworth had also spent his life in making such 
collections, and they are preserved to this day with re- 
verence to their collector, and that it was out of such 
that Sir Win. Dugdale collected the work which had 
done so much honour to the Peerage. I did prevail to 
the preservation of some few old rolls and publick grants 
and charters, a few extracts of escheats, and a few ori- 
ginal letters of some eminent persons and pedigrees of 
others, but not the hundredth part of much better things 
that were destroved. The external motive for this de- 
struction seemed to be some fear infused by his attorney, 
Sam. Buck of Roth er am (since a justice of peace) a man 
who could not read one of those records any more than 
his lordship, that something or other might be found out 
one time or other by somebody or other — the descendants 
perhaps of the late Earl of Strafford, who had been at 
war with him for the said estate — which might shake his 
title and change its owner. Though it was thought he 
had no stronger motive for it than his impatience to pull 
down the old tower in which they were reposited, to 
make way for his undertaker Ralph Tunnicliffe to pile up 
that monstrous and ostentatious heap of a house which 
is so unproportionable to the body and soul of the pos- 
sessor, so these antiquities, as useless lumber, were de- 
stroyed too. Of that Richard Gascoyne see more in 
Thoresby's Topography of Leeds, fol. 1715 ; in Sir Wm. 
Dugdale's Antiquities of Warwickshire, where he is ap- 
plauded for his revival of the Wentworth family, as he 
ought to have been respected bv it for the honour which 

he, and the profit his kindred, brought to it (p. 554), 
how gratefully repaid appears above. Also in Dugdale's 
Memoirs of his own Life, in the note I have made upon 
Burton's Leicestershire (throughout enriched with his 
notes), in the Harleian Catalogue, vol. iii. p. 23, 8°, 1744.* 

Nov. 1734; became Baron of Rockingham in Feb. 174G, 
and was created Marquis of Rockingham 19 April, 1746 ; 
died at Wentworth House 14 Dec. 1750, and was buried 
in the Minster at York. Vide the pedigree of the family 
in Hunter's Doncaster, ii. 91. 

* Oldys's note is worth quoting. He says, " Through- 
out this much-esteemed work [Burton's Leicestershire, 
1622] there have been numberless notes transcribed in 
the margins, and almost all the pedigrees enlarged and 
corrected, from a copy of this book in the library of Jesus 
College, Cambridge. It has been new bound, and inter- 
leaved also throughout, to make room for any further 
additions. The notes aforesaid were written by one of 
the most skilful antiquaries in Record-heraldry of his 
times (as T. Fuller has justly distinguished him), Richard 
Gascoyne, Esq., of Bramham Biggen in Yorkshire. He 
was a descendant from Judge Ga^covne (who committed 
the Prince of Wales, afterwards King Henry V., to prison 
for obstructing him in the course of justice'on the King's 
Bench), and was also related to the first Earl of Straf- 
ford, whose grandfather married one of his familv. Part 
of his pedigree may be seen in Mr. Thoresby's Antiquities 
of Leeds. He did singular honours to that Earl's name, 
in the most elaborate Tables of Genealogy which he drew 
out of a vast treasure of original charters, patents, evi- 
dences, wills, and other records, which he had amassed 
together; for which, and other such performances, he is 

Some men have no better way to make themselves the 
most conspicuous persons in their family than by de* 
stroying the monuments of their ancestors, and raising 
themselves trophies out of their ruins." 

We get a glimpse of Oldys's literary habits at 
this time from the following note : 

"When I left London in 1724 to reside in Yorkshire, 
I left in the care of Mr. Burridge's family, with whom I 
had several years lodged, among many other books, goods, 
&c. a copy of this Langbaine, in which I had written 
several notes and references to further knowledge of these 
poets. When I returned to London in 1730, I under- 
stood my books had been dispersed ; and afterwards be- 
coming acquainted with Mr. Thomas Coxeter, I found 
that he had bought my Langbaine of a bookseller, who 
was a great collector of plays and poetical books : this 
must have been of service to him, and he has kept it so 
carefully from my sight, that I riever could have the 
opportunity of transcribing into this I am now writing 
in, the notes I had collected in that." * 

(To he continued.*) 



Having in preparation a new edition of Arch- 
bishop Leighton 1 s Works f, I went to Dunblane on 
the 25th of last September, and spent a few days 
there for the purpose of making researches in the 
Library. I now send you a Note on the subject, 

which I dare say will be acceptable to many of 
your readers. 

By his Will, dated " Br oadhurst, Feb. 17, 1683," 
Abp. Leighton bequeathed his books " to the 
Cathedral of Dunblane in Scotland, to remain 
there for the use of the Clergy of that Diocese." 
Jerment says : 

"His large and well- chosen Library and valuable 
Manuscripts, he disponed to the See of Dunblane; with 
money towards erecting a house for the books, increas- 
ing their number, and paying a Librarian. It should be 
mentioned to the honour of his Executors, that they 
verv considerablv, and without solicitation, added much 
to that sum." — Life of Bishop Leighton, p. xlviii. 

But I believe part of this statement is errone- 

highty praised by Sir Wm. Dugdale in his Antiquities of 
Warwickshire, and in his Account of his own Life. But 

how that treasure of Records was wilfully burnt, about the 
year 1728 need not to be remembered here. That he was 
the author of the notes in this book (as he was of the 
like in many other books of our genealogical and topo- 
graphical antiquities) appears on page 35, and in other 
parts of the book, that he wrote them in the year 1(356, 
at which time he was seventy -seven years of age. He 
was born at Sherfield, near Burntwood, in Essex, and 
died, it is probable, at Bramham Biggen aforesaid, before 
the Restoration." Oldys has also given a digest of Bur- 
ton's Leicestershire in the British Librarian, pp. 287 

* Langbaine in British Museum with Oldys's MS. 
notes, p. 353. 

f With regard to the need of a new edition, see my 
Papers in «N. & Q.," 2»* S. vol. viii. pp. 41, 61, 507, 525. 
Cf. also vol. x. pp. 124, 213. 




[8* S. I. Jan. 4, '62. 

his means having been completely exhausted at 
the time of his death. His relatives and execu- 
tory the Lightmakers, contributed to the expense 
of providing the necessary building presses, and 
furniture for holding the books. They also pro- 
vided for the future support of the library by 
what the Scotch law terms "a Mortification" of 

books, mixed committee of Churchmen and Presbyte- 

rians. The following passage is an extract from 
the New Statistical Account of Scotland. Black- 


Of this 


at later period, 

sum, juue. was, 

: so that the interest of the re- 

wood : Edinb. 1845, vol. x., " Perth : 

" After the full establishment of Presbytery, Mr. Light- 
maker constituted seven Trustees of the library, — the 
Visct. Strathallan, Sir James Patterson of Bannockburn, 
Sir James Campbell of Aberuchill, John Graham, Com- 
missary-Clerk of Dunblane, and their heirs male, the 
Minister of Dunblane, and two other beneficed clergy- 
men of the Presbytery of Dunblane, chosen by the Synod 
of Perth and Stirling. Various auditions bv will and 

spent in repairs ; 

maining 200/. constitutes at present the whole 

yearly income which the trustees have to expend, j purchase have been made to the books. 100/. of the 

The library was opened in the year 1688, four mortified money have been expended on the repairs of 

years after the donor's death. The books were Jj e . ho ™* About 700 volumes have been lost during 

J * rna act tifrtr voara y/ * 

accompanied by a catalogue written by the arch- 
bishop himself. There is a MS. copy of this 
catalogue among the treasures at Dunblane, to 
which is prefixed a short account of the donor 

and of his bequest. This MS. volume was drawn to some if published." 
up in July, 1691, under the superintendence of I The present trustees are the Hon. Capt. Drum- 
Robert Douglas, Bishop of Dunblane, and Gas- mond of Inchbrakie, CriefF; Sir James Campbell; 

the last fifty years." 

"The Presbytery Records of Dunblane extend hack as 
far as 1616. The Record of the Episcopal Synod of Dun- 
blane from 1662 to 1688, is extant, comprehending the 
whole of Leighton's Episcopate. It might be interesting 

par Kellie, Dean of Dunblane. It is written in 
the Scotch vernacular, and entitled: 

It o 


of the Bibliotheck within the Citie of Dunblane, ! ministers. 

Ramsay, Esq. of Barnton ; the Presbyterian 

Incumbent of Dunblane, and two other beneficed 

founded by the Most Rev a Father in God, Doc- 

The bishop's palace was burned down in the 

tor Robert Leijjhtone, &c." After the catalogue ! troubled times which ushered in the Reformation, 

of the books follows 

a list 

i l 

which is worth giving here, as it is very interest- 
ing in itself, and has never been printed : 

"The Manuscripts of Bishop Lightone's which 

of the Abp/s MSS. i ftnd was never inhabited by any of the reformed 




Its ruins are still to be seen to the 



the cathedral, both overhanging 
River Allan. The library is said to be an un- 
doubted portion of the ancient deanery which 

"There came down with the Books a little Box con- Leighton lived in as his episcopal residence. 

taining some of the Bishop's MSS. written by himself; 

The present trustees, notwithstanding their very 

the management of the Li- 

being a Collection of some special Sentences and Observes as \ limited means, have done much for the Library. 

to^^V? e t H ^'?^ tt P f ^r 8 ^ ws wHt ~ I One of them, who has for many years taken the 

ten promiscuously in Greek, Latine, and French. ■ ' J J 

" Another parcel of the Bishop's MSS. received by Dr. 
Fall, Principal of the College of Glasgow, from* Mr. 
Edward Lightmaker of Broadhurst, the Bishop's nephew 
and executor, were delivered into this house, and are as 
follows : — 

1. Two Books in 8vo. containing Sermons. 

2. One Book in 4to. containing the sum of several Ser- 

3. Some learned and pious Annotations on the Psalms. 

4. Short Meditations on the Book of Psalms. Except 
the first 18, and the last 5. 

5. Sermons on the First Epistle of St. John. 

G. Some devout Meditations on the First Nine Chap- 
ters of St. Matthew's Gospel. 

7. Some notes of Sermons preached on the 89th 

8. Three Bundles of MSS. in long sheets containing 
notes of Sermons, and other collections. 

"There is also put up with these a MS. of Mr. Edward 

Lightmaker of Broadhurst anent the preservation of the 
Bishop's MSS. 

"All these foresaid MSS. together with the authentic 
catalogue under the Bishop's own hand are locked up in 
this house." 

most active part in 
brary, tells me, that 

" Within the last several years there has been some 
SQL odd laid out in rebinding the books; about 50/. laid 
out in new books; and a Catalogue made of the books, 
which cost about 28/. And there was also a private sub* 
scription collected for putting the cases on the book- 
shelves, which I think came to nearly 38/." 

When the property of the Church in Scotland 
was alienated, and the Cathedral of Dunblane 
was handed over to the Presbyterians, Abp. 
Leighton's library was placed in the hands of a 

Under the former trustees, from all that I can 
gather, the Library seems to have been a sort of 
lumber-room, with the books lying about quite 
uncared for, and unprotected. 

The Catalogue referred to was " printed at 
Edinburgh, 1843." In the preface we are told : 

" The only printed Catalogue of the Library is dated 
1793. The present one has been compiled with greater 
attention to accuracy in regard to the titles of the hooks 
and the dates, under the direction of Messrs. Maclachlan, 
Stewart, & Co., Booksellers, Edinburgh. " 

The present Librarian, Mr. Stewart, is an aged 
man who had been formerly the parish school- 
master. His salary as librarian is but 51. a-year. 
He is a faithful and zealous guardian of the books, 

* It is probable that these lost books were not all of 

them Leighton's, at least it is to be hoped not. 


3'* S. I. Jan. 4, '62.] 



and is watchful lest they should be in any way 
lost or damaged. This is especially necessary and 
important when we remember that the books are 
lent out to any person who subscribes five shil- 
lings a-year. It is very satisfactory to know that 
the books are now really looked after; and, on 
the other hand, very sad to hear that until about 
twenty years ago the library was almost totally 
neglected, and sustained the serious loss of some 
seven hundred volumes within fifty years before 
that time. As Leighton's library is of a mediaeval 
character, containing a class of books little read 
in these days *, and not likely to be in request in 
a remote country place like Dunblane, the duties 
of a librarian there are of a simple and mechanical 
kind, not requiring a highly-educated and highly- 
qualified person. 

The library is a gloomy forlorn-looking room. 
The books are in very good condition internally, 
but are sadly in want of dusting, cleaning, and 

terest and importance. In other respects, this 
Catalogue is'unsatisfactory and inaccurate. Thus, 
it does not contain the library in its integrity 
as it came from the hands of Leighton, but 
only the books at present to be found ; and even 
in this respect it does not seem to be quite ac- 
curate, for I came accidentally upon the book 
which Leighton, next to his Bible, prized most 
highly of all his treasures 

of his favourite book 

his favourite copy 
viz. a miniature edition 

lettering on the back ; and, in some cases, of 
vamping and binding. It is greatly to be regret- 
ted that the little money in the hands of the 
trustees seems to have been laid out from time to I described as Relatio 

of the De Imitatione Christi, evidently his pocket 
companion, which he carried about with him 
everywhere : scored throughout with pencil marks, 
and with the fly-leaves all written over, — yet 
this little volume was not in the Catalogue. 
The title is wanting, but it is apparently Ros- 
weyd's miniature edition of Colon. Agrip. 1622. 
The Catalogue, moreover, mentions the year ; but 
not the place in which each book was printed. 
Besides, it does not give a list of the MSS. be- 

tinie, not in preserving and rendering available 
Leighton's books, but in buying other books. 
These other books are all mixed up with Leigh- 
ton's, and usurp the necessary room. Thus many 
books I was anxious to see, and which were in 
the printed Catalogue, were not to be found when 
we came to look for them ; they were supposed 
to be lying amongst certain dusty and disorderly 
masses of books which lay behind the front rows 
on the shelves. Thus, I was unable to get a sight 
of St. Thos. a Kempis Opera Omnia, 1635 ; of an 
old English translation of the Theolo^ 
manica, and of several other works. The same 
confusion and mixture of books extends to the 
printed Catalogue; in which, unfortunately, Leigh- 
ton's books are in no way separated or distin- 
guished from the books which have been after- 

queathed along with the books, or of those still 
extant. Again, we have such entries as that of 
De Vargas 1 work on the Jesuit Order, which is 

de Stratagematis Politicis 
Societatis — the distinctive word "Jesu" being 
omitted ; a work of Bp. Taylors on the //. Eucha- 
rist is described as " Ileal Presence and Spiritual 





of Christ in the Sepulchre, 8vo, 1654; 
Mystical Theology of a certain Father John, a 
Carmelite Friar, is entered under Maria, 

" Maria Theologia Mystica " and there are several 
other similar blunders. 

I have reason to believe that Abp. Leighton 
and his Works are beginning to be better known, 
and more appreciated, in this country than for- 
merly ; and 1 have little doubt but that a fund 
could be easily raised to carry out the most ne- 
cessary and desirable reforms with regard to the 
library ; and, at the same time, that the trustees 
would readily sanction and forward such mea- 
sures, if provided with the necessary funds. The 
wards added ^ to the library.f This is in many measures which seem to me most necessary and 

desirable are : — 

1. To have Leighton's books carefully separated 
from the others, and kept by themselves. To give 
them ample room, and to have them placed in an 
orderly and available manner on the shelves. 

2. To have the books dusted, cleaned, lettered 
on the back, and repaired or bound as they re- 

respects much to be regretted : Leighton's books 
were the choicest works procurable in the age in 
which he lived, and afforded an interesting and 
characteristic memorial of his mind and judgment ; 
they may be said also to have an historical in- 

Witness Abp. Tenison's Library in London (recentlv 
dispersed), and Abp. Marsh's in Dublin ! 

t It has a strange and incongruous effect to see mixed 
up with Leighton's books, the writings of Hartlev, Hel- 
vetius, Hoadley, Bolingbroke, Pope, Palev, Priestlev, 
Swift, Chesterfield, Conyers Middleton, Voltaire, Frede- 


Most of them want little more than to be 

brightened up, and have lettered leather labels on 
the back. 

3. To have a careful and accurate Catalogue 


drawn up of all the books, in alphabetical order. 

Cow Pox, Colquhoun on Police, Harris's Mammon, &c. &c. The lost books might be distinguished by an 
However, there is no difficulty in deciding about these, ' asterisk.* Any books that have been added to 

rick the Great of Prussia, Rousseau, &c. ; Bell on the 

£ M MM- M \ ^v-^~ * m. m m a . 

as they are obviously out of place and out of date ; but 
when we come to such a book as Thomas Adams of Wil- 
mington's Exposition of the Second Epistle of St. Peter, 
Lond. 1633, folio, we can find out that it is not one of 

Leighton's books, only by referring to the MS. Catalogue, light of too great a multitude of stars." 

* One of the trustees of the library, when I made this 
suggestion, thought it right in principle, but expressed a 
fear that the Catalogue would thereby " shine by the 




|><* S. I. Jan. 4, *62. 

the library, might be given in a separate Appen- 
dix. After Leighton's books, to print an accurate 
list of the MSS. originally sent along with the 
books ; distinguishing any that have been lost. 
It would be desirable also, to prefix to the Cata- 
logue the account of Abp. Leighton and of the 
bequest, which is prefixed to the MS. Catalogue, 
and which has never been printed. Such a Cata- 
logue, well edited, and with a suitable introduc- 

> pular) 


MS. Common-place Book of Abp. 
Leighton can be found, which is enumerated in 
the list of MSS. which came along with the books 
to Dunblane, it would be well to print it. A 
very interesting supplementary work might be 
compiled by having all the sentences, apothegms, 

in his books, tran- 
scribed and printed under the heading of the 
books in which they were written. To make this 
work available and 
reader, translations 

&c, which Leighton wrot 


interesting to the 
might be subjoined, and a 


careful Index might be appended to complete the 
book. Besides the value which such a work would 
have in itself as a collection of choice extracts 
gathered by a man of such profound learning and 
spiritual discernment, as well as exquisite judg- 
ment — and besides its value as a relic of so 
saintly and revered a bishop — it would doubtless 
be of great use to a careful editor, and help to 
illustrate and enrich Leighton' s Works; verify- 
ing many references, and leading to the restora- 
tion and identification of many quotations at 
present mixed up with the text. 

It would be desirable to print the Record of 
the Episcopal Synod of Dunblane, from 1662 to 
1688 ; which is still extant, and which compre- 
hends the whole of Leighton's episcopate, as well 
as that of his successor. 

I may here mention, in concluding these sug- 


gestions, that I have heard of a MS. History of 
Dunblane Cathedral, written by a Presbyterian 
minister named M c Gregor; who died in Dun- 
blane, or its neighbourhood, not very many years 


For the sake of persons interested in the sub- 
ject, I may refer to the Rev. J. W. Burgon's de- 
lightful Memoir of Patrick Fraser Tidier, Lond. 

Tytler paid to Abp. Leighton's library at Dun- 
blane in 1837 : — 

" In bis pocket diary, against August 9th, there is the 
following entry : — < Passed a sweet day at Dunblane, in 
dear Leighton's library.' And, on the i4th, « went again 
to Dunblane.' This Visit, I remember, delighted him 
much; and he brought away an interesting memorial of 
it, by transcribing the abundant notes with which Leigh- 
ton has enriched * his copy of Herbert's Potms. That 

* I believe sorr.e one of Herbert's editors, or admirers, 
deceived perhaps by the above statement, obtained a 

Leighton had written in his books. 

saintly man seems to have delighted in the practice of 
writing Sentences from the Fathers, and short pious 
Apothegms in his books; several of which Tytler also 
transcribed, and, some years after, showed me." — P. 250. 

I may add also, that about two years ago, 
Archdeacon Allen published a short letter in The 
Guardian Newspaper (vol. xiv. p. 768), in which 
he gave some account of a visit he paid to Dun- 
blane, and quoted some of the sentences which 

I mention 

these instances, and could add others*, to show that 
there is a more general appreciation of Leighton 
than formerly, and an increasing love and vener- 
ation for that 

" Dear, loved, revered, and honoured name, 
Whose sound awakes Devotion's flame." f 

Any persons wishing to contribute to the Fund, 
or to co-operate in the measures above proposed, 
will perhaps kindly communicate with me on the 


As soon as I get the requisite aid, I shall at 

once, with the sanction of the trustees, and the 

help of some competent bookseller, such as Mr. 

Stillie or Mr. Stevenson of Edinburgh, get an 

accurate catalogue made of all the books bearing 

date not later than 1684 ; and also a transcript of 

the MS. catalogue with the memoir prefixed, and 

then prepare them for the press. The MS. cata- 
logue does not contain the dates or full titles of 
the books, and gives the books in the order in 
which they were originally set up in the several 
presses and shelves. I counted the volumes enu- 
merated in the MS., and they amounted to 1390, 
besides a number of " Slight Pieces, Little Trea- 
tises, Single Sermons, &c, put up in six bun- 
dles" amounting to 149, making a total of 1539 
articles. I hope shortly in another Note to give 
a cursory survey of the contents of the library. 
Let me say in conclusion that I received much 
courtesy and kindness from the Trustees and all 
persons connected with the library at Dunblane, 
as well as from the Presbyterian and Episcopal 




Among some extracts which I made when I 
was at Lambeth, I find a notice of this writer, 

transcript of these "abundant notes"; however, he must 
have been disappointed, as I can testify that the afore- 
said notes have no connexion with Herbert's Poems. The 
Archbishop, according to his wont, merely used the fly- 
leaves as a Common-place Book. 

* E. g. See Mr. Bruoe's preface to the Calendar of 

State Papers, Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles L 

1628-29. Lond. 1859. See also a remarkable volume of 
poems entitled : The Bishop's Walk, and the Bishop's 
Times. Poems on the Days of Abp. Leighton arid the 
Scottish Covenant. By Orwell. Macmillan, 1861. 

t From some lines by Mrs. Grant of Laggan, written 
after a visit to Dunblane. 

S rd S. I. Jan. 4, '62.] 




which may perhaps be worthy of a place in 




It occurs in a letter from Dr. Charlett 

to Arohbp. Ten is on, dated from University Col- 
lege Oct. 25, 1695, that is, when Toland was 
about five or six-and-twenty years old: 

" As to Mr. Tolons [sic"] behaviour, it was so publick 
and notorious here, that the late Vice-Chancellor ordered 
him to depart this place, w ch he accordingly promised to 
do, and did for some time, but afterwards in y° V-C r§ 
absence returned. Evidence was then offered upon 
Oath, of his Trampling on > e Common prayer book, 
talking against the Scriptures, commending Common- 
wealths, justifying the murder of K. C. l §t , railing against 
Priests in general, with a Thousand other Extravagancys 
as his common Conversation. His behaviour was the 
same in Scotland and Holland, where he quarrelled with 
the Professors. He had the vanity here to own himselfe 
a spy upon ye University, and insinuated that he re- 
ceaved Pensions from some great men, and that his cha- 
racters of Persons here were the only measures followed 
above: This insolent carriage made him at last con- 
temptible, both to y e Scholars and Townsmen. I was 
always apt to Fancy, he would appear at last to be a 
Papist, He pretended to great Intrigues and correspon- 
dencys, and by that means abused the names of some 

Men. He boasted 

much of the young L d 
framed him and that he 

very great 

Ashtly Cooper— how he had 
should outdo his Grand Father in all his glorious de- 
signs. — At his going away he pretended some consider- 
able office would force him to declare himselfe of some 
church very speedily, and that lie should be a Member 
of Parliament, and then should have an opportunity of 
being revenged on Priests and Universitys. When he 
came down first he promised himself very many dis- 
coverys from y e freedom of my conversation, but before 
I came from London, he had so exposed himselfe, that a 
very worthy Person M r Kennet, who was to introduce 
him to my acquaintance gave me timely Caution, so 
that I saw him but once at my door and ever afterwards 
he reputed me among his worst enemies, for which he 
vowed revenge: M r Creech and M r Gibson, whom he 
courted much, very little valued his Learning to which 
he so much pretended, however I presume he might have 
done well eno, in case he could have commanded his 
temper, which is so very violent as to betray him in all 
places and Countrvs he has been in. I beg your Pardon 

for this Lenq1h y and humbly thank you for the Approba- 
tion of our Music which my Friend M r Pepys very much 
admires. I humbly beg leave to remain your Grace's 
most Dutifull Servant, Ar. Charlett." 

S. It. Maitlatsd. 


" La majeste de grands souvenirs semble concentre'o 
sur le nom de Christophe Colomb. C'est Toriginalite de 
8a vaste conception, Telendue et la fecondite de son genie, 
le courage oppose a de longues infortunes qui ont eleve 
Vamiral au-dessus de tous ses contemporains." — Alex- 
andre de Humboldt. 

An anonymous adventurer in the bewitching 
path of discovery has prevailed on Mr. Sylvanus 

pro v ok 

ing obscurity, it would be a waste of time to corn- 


His tancible arguments in refutation of the 

current opinion on the discovery of America, and 
on the merits of Columbus, are 1. The cartojrra- 
phic evidence, dated in 1436, of the existence of 


and 2. 

The assumption that Brasil wood was imported 
into Italy, and paid tax at the gates of Modena, in 
1306 ; also, into England, paying tax at the gates 
of London, in 1279, in 1453, etc. He thence in- 
fers that " a regular trade with central America 
had been coing on for some two centuries before 
the first voyage of Christopher of Cologne" He 
means, no doubt, Christoforo Colombo alias El 
almirante D. Cristobal Colon. 

As the 

arguments are 

quite distinct, I shall 
assign to each a separate examination, and in the 
order above indicated. 

1. The chart of Andrea Bianco, dated in 1436, 
was in part published by Vincenzio Formaleoni, at 

In the Atlantic Ocean, and in 


the parallel of Lisbon, appears a nameless group 
of islands — undoubtedly the Azores ! One of the 
islands is named Coi*bo = Isla del Cuervo, and 

another Y a 

Zan Z\ 

rzi = Isla de San Jorge. 
Brasil is Tercera : " Por 

la mediama y en lo mas meridional de esta Isla," 
says D. Vicente Tofiilo, " se eleva el monte del 


bastante alto y 



the question is — Did the S.American 

give its 

name to 



cannot discover an argument in favour of such a 
conclusion. Brasil was not an aboriginal name, 
nor was it the earliest name imposed on the pro- 
vince. A manuscript work, described by Antonio 
de Leon in 1629, was entitled Santa-Cru 
vincia de la America Meridional^ dicha 

me rite el B 

z, pro- 

rxsil ; and the learned Isidoro de 
Antillon, in his Carta esf erica del Oceano Atldntico^ 
published at Madrid in 1802, writes Brasil 6 
Trra de Sta Cruz. To conclude — inverting the 
order of time — Antonio de Herrera, Coronista 
mayor de las Indias, affirms that Brasil was for- 
merly named Tierra de Santa Cruz, and enume- 
rates as articles of its produce " algodon, y palo de 
brasil, que es el que la dio el nombreT 

2. The inference that " trade with central 
America had been £01112 on for some two centuries 
before the first voyage of Columbus " remains for 

The essayist is too modest. By adopting the 
Urban to give publicity to some very curious j mode of argument which he pursues, I can soon 
speculations in an essay entitled America, before prove that the trade in question had been carried 


The essayist almost doubts the existence of 
Christoforo Colombo of Genoa, and seems inclined 
to transform him into one Christopher of Cologne, 

four centui % ies before the first 
voyage of Columbus ! I require one concession. 
Admit that brasil and b?*asil-wood are synony- 
mous terms — on which point the Promptorium 




[3'« S. I. Jan. 4, '62. 

parvulorum is my voucher 
transcription : 

and the rest is rflere 

given, being of earlier date than any which has 
been quoted in this controversy, may interest 

« Lege, regis Edwahdi Coxfessoris. De Lon- many readers; and it seems to me that the ques 

tion should not be passed over in a journal de- 

donia. VIII. Mercator itaque foranus, postquam civi- 
tatem introierit, quocumque placuerit ei hospitetur. Sed 
videat etc. — Et si piper vel cuminum vel gingiber vel 
aliimen vel brasit vel Jaco vel thus attulerit, non minus 
quam xxv. libras simul vendat." — Ancient laws and id- 
stitules of En gland y 8vo, i. 463. 

" Bkezilii, s. m. bresil, sorte d'arbre. 

A net trobar 
Gratia et roga e brezilh. 

Evang. de VEnfance. 

II alia trouver e'carlate et garance et brfail. 

No fassa mescla de bresil 
ni de rocha am grana. 

Cartulaire de Montpellier, fol. 192. 

Qu'il ne fasse melange de bresil ni de garance avec 


Cat. esi\ Brasil It. Brasile. 

II est reconnu que le Bresil, contree de l'Ame'rique 

voted to the establishment of historic truth. 

Barnes, S.W. 

Bolton Corney. 



I believe that the Editor of " 

render good service to the 

of " N- & Q." will 

cause of historical 
truth, and save many a future fellow-worker in 
the field of genealogy a vast amount of labour 
and confusion, if he will allow me to re-caution 
the public as to these fabrications, and give some 
additional information respecting them. As I 
_ know them to be much more numerous than one 

mc'ridionale, fut ainsi nomine par les Europeans h cause would imagine, when the clumsy compilation of 

de la grande quantitede bresils qu'on y trouva." 

J.-M. Raynouard, Lexique Roman, ii, 2^8. 

their author is considered, and the great facilities 
that exist for verifying such matters, and as 

In the document of 1279, as printed by the moreover, they have deceived many persons who 
essayist, and in the document of 1453, as printed have actually reproduced them in works of other- 

by Mr. Heath, we have four articles 


quicksilver, vermilion, and verdegris — in the very 
same order ! I conclude, from that circumstance, 
that many similar instances are on record, and 
wish Mr. DuiFus Hardy would set the matter at 

wise undoubted authority, the importance of my 
Note will not, I think, be questioned. 

The subject was first mooted by Mr. Dixon, of 

Seaton Carew, who in a 


( u N. & Q 


The writer who censures an unsound theory, 
should he effect its demolition, is not bound to 
provide a substitute for it — but he may attempt 
it, and run the chance of recrimination. 

By the narrative of Herrera, published in 1591, 
we learn that the nine islands which compose the 
group of the Azores were not named at random. 
Tercera was so named because it was the third is- 
land discovered. Santa Maria was so named be- 
cause it was discovered on the day of her com- 
memoration. San Jorge and San Miguel were so 

him to authenticate, or otherwise, the account of 
his family (Dixon, of Beeston), offered, for a pe- 
cuniary consideration, by William Sidney Spence 
of Birkenhead, whose letter thereon he appends. 
This brought replies (id. pp. 275 — 6) from Lord 
Monson, Mr. Evelyn Shirley, M.P., G.A.C., 
and the Editor of " N. & Q.," which satisfac- 
torily proved not only the fictitious character of 
the Dixon pedigree by Mr. Spence, but that his 
genealogical researches had not been exclusively 

named for similar reasons. Fayal was so named on 

confined to that family. 

Note of P. P. ( 

x. 255) discloses two other instances of his dis- 
honest and injurious practices, 
account of its beech-trees; Pico, from its shape; In my investigations with respect to the Welsh 

Graciosa, from its cheerful aspect; Flores, from branch of my family, I received a long time since 
the richness of its vegetation ; and Cuervo, from — 

its cormorants. 

Now, whence came the earlier name of Tercera 
Isla de Brasil? The island is volcanic, and I 
conceive it to have taken its name from brasa 

red-hot charcoal, or from 

from bresil 

choose whichever he prefers. 
I make 



brasier, or 

a red wood. The essayist may 


no pretensions to 

discovery on thi 


name from the transatlantic Brasil was 

some papers belonging to the late Mr. Tucker- 
Edvvardes of Sealyham, co. Pembroke, which 
property was conveyed by the marriage of Cathe- 
rine Tucker, the heiress, with his grandfather : 
amongst these I found a Tucker pedigree from 
the " Cotgreave Papers," which I at once recog- 
nised as the work of Spence : indeed, had I not 
previously known of his frauds, I should immedi- 
ately have perceived the pretended facts to be in- 

Ihe notion that brasil-wood derives its correct ; but beyond assuring the present members 

iuuii« iiom me transatlantic israsil was refuted or Mr. Tucker-J&dwardes family that it was a 
by Bishop Iluet, whose arguments on that point ! forgery, I did not then take any further trouble 
were printed in 17J2 ; and Mr. Tyrwhitt, the in the matter: I, however, subsequently found 

learned editor of The Canterbury Tales of Chau- 
cer, produced unanswerable evidence to the same 

effect in 1778. Nevertheless, the evidence now 

out that 51. had been paid for this trash, and, 
worse still, that it had been accepted as genuine 



Shrewsbury ( 

3"» S. I. Jam. 4, '62. ] 



-^ .. w — j ~ . — 

Sir Samuel Rush Mevrick 

Welsh pedigrees) 

appended it as a note to the Tucker pedigree in 



thought the matter worthy some notice, as Sir 
Samuel's books are now and ever will be received 
and quoted with credit, and therefore at once set 
about so far returning Mr. Spence's compliment 
as to trace his pedigree and his fruitful source of 


Papers." The first 

I found to be far less honourable than many he 
has drawn, and the latter I found not at all, 
existing, as they did, in his imagination only. 

both eminent genealogists, and perfectly 
versant with every detail of their descent 

" caught a Tartar." 

me lor figuratively saying) 

I court, therefore, additions to the numerous 
instances already known to me of the existence 
of Spence' s fraudulent pedigrees, to the end that 
a list may, with the Editor's approval, be here- 
after recorded 


N. &Q 

the warning of 

The late 


John Cotgreave (f< 

present and future genealogists, and references 
made to such works where they have been ac- 
cepted and quoted. * S. T. 

his more aristocratic sur- 

name by virtue of being descended from the 


as Mayor of Chester in 

1816, "on the marriage of the Princess Char- 
lotte." He married twice : by his first wife (Miss 
Cross) he had no issue, but by his second, a dress- 
maker, Miss Harriett Spence, he had children 
both before and after marriasre. Sir John died 

iHitior &atz&. 



in my hand the other day a proclamation, printed 
in 1610, by Robert Barker, 


1836: his widow survived till 1848. W 


I have not dis- 

covered, nor is it material, whether or not Lady 
Cotsreave connived at or derived benefit bv the 

dence on the trial of Abp. Laud, 

1 3 tli 

in fact the 
identical proclamation produced and read in evi- 


1643-4, I made the following extract therefrom, 
relative to this work : 

" The proof whereof wee have lately had b)* a booke 
written by Doctour Cowell, calied The Interpreter: for 
bee being only a civilian by profession, and upon that 
large ground of a kinde of Dictionary (as it were) follow- 

forgeries of her brother, or attested them, as he ing the alphabet, having all kind of purposes belonging 
asserted : it is clear, however, that his pedigrees j to government and monarchic in his way, by medling in 
before 1848 (when she died) are verified by the matters above his reach, be hath fallen in many things 

signature of " Harriet " Cotgreave, and those 
subsequently by " Ellen" Cotgreave, the "Miss" 
C. whose attestation he offered in all cases after 
his sister's death. It is not a little singular that 
while I was actually engaged in my investigations 
with regard to Spence, his " ruling passion strong 
in death" manifested itself in another hideous 
appearance of his trickery, to taunt me in my 
work, and, as it proved, to spur me to more 
speedy action : I had occasion to trace the de- 
scent of a manor lately inherited by a friend and 
neighbour, who, to assist me, sent a bundle, 

labelled " Pedigree papers," belonging to the late 
Squire (Pudsey). A motley collection I found 
them. First, the original parchment roll of 
Registers of the next parish from 1561 to 1729 

to mistake, and deceive himself. Jn some thinges dis- 
puting so nicely upon the history of this monarchie, that 
it may receive doubtfull interpretations: yea, in some 
points very derogatory to the supreme power of this 
crownc. In other cases, mistaking the true state of the 
parliament of this kingdome to the fundamental! consti- 
tutions and priviledges thereof, and in some other points 
speaking irreverently of the common law of England, 
and of the workes of some of the most ancient and fa- 
mous judges therein; it being a thing utterly unlawfull 
to any subject to speak or write against that lawe under 
which he liveth, and which we are sworne and are re- 
solved to raaintaine." 

A Note to the "Voyages of Sir Francis 


I at once restored to 


then some old accounts, and lastly, a glowing his- 
tory of the Pudseys, furnished by Mr. Spence ! 
My friend was quite u taken out of conceit" when 
he heard the value I placed on the information in 
his " bundle," but it tended to show how whole- 
sale a business Spence conducted with his " Cot- 
greave Papers." Had he confined his victimising 

Drake and Sir Thomas Cavendish." 

In the 

Journal of the first voyage of the Dutch, as a 
nation, to the East Indies, under the command of 
Jan Jansz. Molenaer and Cornelis Houtman, 
from April, 1595, to August, 1597, there occur 

the following passages : 

" As our fleet was lying off Balembuang on Jan. 22, 

1597, a nobleman of the insularies came on board ; and 

informed us, amongst other particulars, that the father of 

the present King of Balembuang was still living (a very 

old man), and then residing in the interior. Now, as our 

. ., 1 . «-> informant furthermore remembered a ship of the same 

to guileless country squires, or to those who, as s i iape as ours, which had visited the port some ten years 

Lord Monson writes, gladly accept and pay for before, we concluded that this old man was the identical 

flattering notices of their ancestry on Count person spoken of by Sir Thomas Candish, in his Voyages. 

Hamilton's maxim, that " On croit facilement ce 
qu'on souhaite," he would probably have found 
more dupes ; but in addressing his lies to either 

that nobleman (Lord Monson), or Me. Shirley, 

as then past 150 years of age." 

And further 

" Between whiles (on the 9th of February 1597) our 
ship Mauritius had anchored in the bay of Padang, 




[8*a S. I. Jan. 4, *62. 

where we were told by the natives that, eighteen years 
ago, just such men as we had been on shore, who had cut 

a piece of cable in Jive or six parts, and afterwards had 
joined them again into a whole. We conjectured these to 

have been Sir Francis Drake and his fellows." 


Zeyst, near Utrecht. 


Some of the 

advocates of the Saturday half-holiday may not 
be aware that they have in their favour an un- 
repealed law of King Canute : 

" Let every Sunday's feast be held from Saturday's 
noon to Monday's dawn " (" Healde mon rclus Sunnan- 
dages freolsunge frara Saternesdages none o$ Monandages 


England, "Laws of Cnut," i. 11. 

Petronius Arbiter. 

known as " St. Andrew's Well/' The quantity 
of water rising in these springs is very large, the 
whole of which is discharged into the moat which 
surrounds the Bishop's Palace, except that por* 
tion which flows through pipes to the great con- 
duit in the market place, near the site of the 
ancient high cross. This right to the water, as 
well as the conduit, was the gift of Bishop Thomas 
Beckington, a.d. 1451. The town was incorpo- 


rated by Bishop Robert 


1165), whose 

Charter was confirmed, and the privileges granted 
by it increased by Bishops Reginald Fitz Joce- 

lyne and Savaric. 


John gave the city its 

F. M. N. 

, quotidie pejus: hasc Colonia retrouersus 
coda vittdi" — Satyr, c. xliv. p. 125, edit. 

1. " Heu, Heu 
crescit, tanquam 


Is our vulgar expression, to ;; grow downwards 
like a cow's tail," fetched from this passage; or i3 
it merely a curious undesigned coincidence ? 

2. "Trimalchio . . . basiavit pueruni, ac iussit supra 
dorsum ascendere suum. Non moratur ille, usus equo, 
manuque plena scapulas eius subinde verberavit, interque 
risum proclamavit: (Croesus) buccal! buccaj ! quot sunt 
hie?" — Satyr, c. lxiv. pp. 191, 2, edit. Anton. 

first royal Charter, Sept. 7th, in the third year of 
his reign. There were numerous other charters 
granted by succeeding kings and queens ; one of 
the latest and most important and valuable was 
by Queen Elizabeth in the thirty-first year of 
her reign. 

There are three different seals belonging to 
the Corporation. The earliest is circular in form, 
and of silver ; in size about the same as the half- 
crown piece. On it is a tree, which appears to 
be standing on a spring of water, and at the root 
is a fish, which a bird seems about to seize. In 
the branches of the tree are other birds, appa- 
rently of a smaller kind. On each side of the 
tree is a figure of a human head, one of which, I 

Is this the original of our nursery game, where | b , eliev f ■ is intended to represent St. Peter, and 

one child stands behind another who shuts hi 

eyes, while the former holds up some of his 

fingers, and cries, " Buck ! buck ! how many 

horns do I hold up ? " and repeats the perform- 
ance until the number is guessed ? Defniel. 

Armorial Glass, temp. James I. — In Sir 
William Heyrick's accompt book, under the year 
1612, I find the following item : 

the other St. Andrew, the latter being the patron 
saint of the cathedral. The legend on the seal is 
much worn, but may be read thus, — " Sigillvm 
Seneschalli Comvnitatis Bvrgi Wellise." Among 
the Corporation records is a document with an 
impression of this seal appended to it, dated in 


1316. This, until about a hundred years 
was used by the mayor for the time being, and was 
called the mayor's seal. After this it was used 

"Paid to Butler for the King's armes, the Goldsmith's j b y the "Justice," i. e. the person who had served 

amies, and the Citties armes, and my Wife's 3/. 5s. Od" 

Sir William Heyrick then had houses at Beau- 
manor in Leicestershire, at Richmond in Surrey, 
and in Cheapside. I imagine these arms were 
for the last : and that they were probably in 
stained glass for his windows. The entry fur- 
nishes only another example of a very common 
usage in the erection by a citizen of the arms of 
his sovereign, his company, and the city ; but as 
little is known of our old glass-painters, it may 
be worth while to note the name of Butler. 

J. G. N. 

the office of mayor, and as such is justice of the 
peace for one year after he ceases to hold office. 

The second seal is in two parts, obverse and 
reverse, and nearly two inches in diameter. The 
material is a kind of bell-metal, sometimes, in 
early documents, I believe, called Laten. On 
one of the sides, a tree is represented as growing 
over a spring of water, in which is a fish about 
to be seized by a large bird. Another bird ap- 
pears to be flying down from the tree, and a third 
at the edge of the spring, both seeming also to 



^ The city of Wells is well known to have de- 
rived its name from the remarkable springs near one apparently intended to represent the sun, and 

the eastern end of the Cathedral there. 


be looking towards the fish. In the branches of 
the tree are other smaller birds. On the other 
side of the seal, an ancient building with three 
gables, apparently a church, is represented. In 
the centre under an arch, is the figure of a man. 
On the centre gable is a head surrounded by a 
nimbus, and on the other gables are other heads, 

the second the moon. The building is raised on 

principal spring has been, from the earliest times, | three arches, under which a stream of water seems 

8 r * S. I. Jan. 4, '62. ] 



to be running. Round the edpe of the last men- 
tioned side of the seal is the following legend : 
" Siffillvm Commvne Bvrgi Well 


More Tvere (Tuere) 
Tvos (Tuos) " There is an existing document, 
with this seal attached, dated in 1315. The third 
seal is also of silver, and oval in shape. This is 
modern, having been given to the corporation for 
the use of the major, in the year 1754, soon after 
which the use of the first-mentioned seal was 
abandoned by the mayor, as before stated. The 
legend on this seal is " Hoc Fonte derivata in 
Patriam Populumque fluit" (probably suggested 



. . . Hoc fonte derivata clades 
In Patriam, populumque tluxit." 

The armorial bearings of the city are described 
by Edmondson as follows : — u Per less argent 
and vert, a tree proper, issuant from the fesse 
line : in base three wells, two and one, masoned, 
gules." The same authority, in speaking of the 
ancient arms of the city, says : 

" I am doubtful whether the arms of this city are such 
as are here blazoned ; as on a strict inquiry made in that 
city, I could not find the blazon or description of any 
arms that belonged thereto. The Corporation seal, which 
is very ancient, represents a tree, from the root whereof 
runs a spring of water : on the sinister side thereof stands 
a stork, picking up a fish ; on the dexter side of the tree 
is another bird, resembling a Cornish Chough. " 

The arms, as blazoned by Edmondson, were 
obtained, I believe, at the time when Queen 
Elizabeth's Charter was granted, as they are not 

noticed in the city records before that date. 

Probably some light would be thrown on the 
subject by referring to the Heralds' Visitations, 
one of which is thus noticed in the Corporate 
proceedings, 23rd August, 21 James I. : 

"This day motion was made by Mr. Maior that the 
King's Majesties Heralds have required this Corporation 
to show their antient Charters and liberties, and the 
Armes of this citie, and to have the same entered into 
theire booke made for that purpose : whervppon it is 
condiscinded that the saide Heralds shall see the Char- 
ters and both the Seales, viz. the Corporacon Seale, and 
the Maior's ; and it is agreed that the Receiver shall pay 
vnto them xl f , whiche was taken out of the Chest in 
tho little purse, in whiche ther is left £xii xviii 8 ." 

If any of the readers of u N. & Q." can give 
any particulars from the Heralds Visitation just 
referred to, I shall be obliged, and particularly I 
am most desirous of knowing the real meaning: 
of the symbolical representation on the old seals 
of the fishes and birds. I may observe, that it 
has been suggested by a gentleman learned in 
such matters, that the fish is symbolical of the 

Saviour, and the birds of souls of the departed. 


Avignon Inscriptions. 

Avignon was twice 

land. James III. (the old Pretender) held his 
court there for some time, and thither his son 



is probable that in the burial grounds of that 
city, and its neighbour hood, are to be found me- 
morials of some of their followers. Any reader of 
44 N. & Q." who happens to wander thus far, would 
be doing good service by transcribing these re- 
mains, if such there be. Edward Peacock. 

Passage in Bossuet. — In one of Alexis de 
Tocqueville's letters to Mad. Swetchine, dated 
Sept. 1856, he refers to a passage from Bossuet 
quoted by the latter — at the same time expressing 
his surprise at his never having met with it. I 
have searched in vain to find it, but without sue* 
cess. Perhaps some of your readers can give me 
the reference ? The passage is as follows : 

" Je ne sais, Seigneur, si vous etes content de moi, et je 
reconnais meme que vous avez bien des sujets de ne 
letre pas. Mais pour moi, je dois confesser & votre gloire 
que je suis content de vous, et que je le suis parfaite- 
ment. II vous importe peu que je le sois ou non. Mais 
apres tout, e'est le teinoignage le plus glorieux que je 
puisse vous rendre; car dire que je suis content de vous, 
e'est dire que vous etes mon Dieu, puisqu'il n'y a qu'un 

Lionel J. Robinson. 

Dieu qui puisse me contenter." 
Audit Office. 

English Ambassadors to France. — I request 

to be informed who were our ambassadors to 
France during a part of the reign of George III. 
with the exact date of their several appoint- 
ments), beginning with John Frederick Sackville, 
Duke of Dorset, K.G., till the time when M. 
Chauvelin, the minister from France, was chasse 
by our government early in 1793, and when, I 
conclude, our ambnssador, Granville Leveson, Earl 
Gower, K.G. (postea Marquis of Stafford), with- 
drew, and all amicable relations between the two 
countries ceased for the time. My principal ob- 
ject is to ascertain who was our minister-residen- 
tiary in Paris on the 14th July, 1789, the epoch 
from which all the French date their Revolution 
(la prise de la Bastille). Permit me to add, I 
have consulted Beatson's Political Index, and have 
not succeeded in the object of my inquiry. His 
list, I suspect, is incomplete for the above period. 

Secundum Ordinem. 


friend lately mentioned to me that there was pub- 
lished about six years since a collection of epi- 
grams on the Popes of Rome, including both the 
pre- and post- reformation ones. What is the title 
of the collection, and publishers name? Is there 
any list of similar works ? 


Aiken Irvine. 

the residence of the exiled Royal family of Eng- 

A Giant found at St. Bees. — In Jefferson's 
History and Antiquities of Alter dale Above Der- 
went, 1 find the following curious account of the 

discovery of the remains of a giant at St. Bees 




[8*4 S. I, Jan. 4, '62. 


Cumberland, extracted from a MS 
brary of the Dean and Chapter of Cai 

" A true report of Hugh Hodson of Thorneway, in 
Cumberland to S r Rob. Cewell (qy. Sewell) of a gyant 
found at St. Bees in Cumberland. The said Gyant was 
buried 4 yards deep in the ground, \v ch is now a corn 
field. It was 4 yards and a half long, and was in com- 
plete armour: his sword and his battle axe lying by 
him. His sword was two spans broad and more than 
two yards long. The head of his battle axe a yard long, 
the shaft of it all of iron, as thick as a man's thigh, 
and more than two yards long. His teeth were G inches 
long and 2 inches broad ?; his forehead was more than 
two spans and a half broad. His chine bone could con- 
taine 3 pecks of oat meale. His armour, sword, and 
battle-axe are at Mr. Sands of Redington (Rottington), 

and at Mr. Wybers of St. BeQs"—3fachel MSS. vol. vi. 

Can you or any of your correspondents give 
any further information upon the subject? Is 
anv of his armour still in existence? Or did 
the information exist only in the imagination of 
"Hugh Hodson." Henry. 


Italian Proverbs. 

of your readers will explain the allusions to local 
or national peculiarities referred to in the follow- 
ing proverbs : 

1. "All' amico rnondaffli il fico, 

AIT inimico il persico." 

2. " A Lucca ti vidi, a Pisa ti connobbi." 

3. " Egli ha fatto come quel Perugino, che subito che 
gli fa rot to il capo, corse a casa per la celata." 

4. " Piu pazzi che quei da Zago, che davan del letame 
al campanile perche crescesse. 

And the probable date of this one : 

5. " U Inglese italiani^zato 

Un diavolo incarnato." 

With regard to proverb 1, I can suggest two 

explanations : — 

1. In Italy the fig is considered the most whole- 
ome and the peach the most unwholesome fruit. 

But, quccrc, is this the fact ? or 

2. It is easy enough to peel a peach, but very 
difficult to perform the same operation on a fi<r. 


Are there any existing 

monumental memorials of the family of Lee, a 



one member of which married Alice, daughter of 
Richard Dalby, Esq,, of the same county ? If so, 
where are they to be found ? F. G. L. 


Mrs. Murray. 

C. Redding's 

Years' Recollections ', there is some notice (vol. i. p. 
6), of Mrs. Murray, author of a work called The 
Gleaner, three vols., and some dramatic pieces. 
Mrs. Murray was the wife of the Rev. J, Murray, 
a Universalist preacher in America about the end 
of last century, who was known by the name of 
" Salvation Murray." Can you give me any ac- 
count of Mrs. Murray, the titles and dates of her 
works, &c. ? 

R. Inglis. 

Paper Money at Leyden:. — Mr. Dineley, in 
his MS. account of the Low Countries, written 
in 1674, describes the paper money made at the 

shall ieel obliged if any • rT i • i*t/ • xi i 

i • xi li • ° f i \ siege of Leyden in 1574, in these words : 


And perhaps proverb 2 may have some 


nection with a story that is told by Horace Wal- 
pole, of a person recognizing in London an 


"During the siege of this city (Leyden), which held 
even almost to the famishment of many, thev made 
money of paper, with these devices — flcec libertatis ergo ; 
Pugno pro putrid; Godt behoed Leyden. Some of their 
pieces remain to this day in the hands of the curious of 
the University. This siege began a little after Easter, 
and was raised, and ended the 3rd of October, 1571." 

Paper in this description must mean pasteboard, 
for pen-and-ink drawings of these coins are shown 
in Mr. Dineley's book, about the size of crown- 
pieces, with a lion crowned, and cross-keys as de- 

Is there any instance of this kind of money in 
use in any other country than Holland ? 


Pascha' s Pilgrimage to Palestine. — I have 
a small volume, edited by Peter Calentijn at 
Louvain in 1576, as a posthumous work by Ian 
Pascha. The title is Een denote maniere orn 
Gkecstelyck Pelgrimagie te trecken y tot den heyli~ 

landc" Sfc. The book is in Flemish, and 
consists of two portions : the former preliminary 



instructions and prayers for the pilgrim ; 
latter, a daily itinerary, and directions for the 
accomplishment of the pilgrimage in a year. 
There are some curious details respecting the 
places visited, and a number of rude cuts, of 
which some are remarkable. The letter-press con- 
But was Pisa so deserted at the birth of this s * sts °^ 15 ^ leaves, and is followed by a MS. which 

acquaintance which he had made in Bath, 

to the other's disgust : — 

"< Why, my lord,' said he, 'you knew me in Bath.' 

"'Possibly in Bath I might know you again/ replied 
Ins lordship." r 

proven) as now r 
Audit Office, 

Lionel G, Robinson. 

Sin Henry Langford, Bart.— Will some of 


numerous readers favour 


me wiui any 
genealogical particulars respecting this gentleman, 

who was sheriff of the county of Devon, temp. 
Geor S e L G. A. A. 

is mainly a copy of part of the text. I want to 
know if anything is recorded of the author, or if 
any importance attaches to the book. The title- 
page says that Pascha was a doctor in divinity, 
and a Carmelite in the Convent at Mechelen or 

Malines. Among the cuts the 






templum," and the "Interius sacellum sepulchri 



4, ? 62.] 



Peace Congress proposed in 1693. — Who 

ok. of which the folio 


is the title : 

" An Essay towards the Present and Future Peace of 
Europe, b\ r the Establishment of an European Dyet, Par- 
liament, or Estates. Beati Pacijici. Ccedant Arma 
Sog<z (sic). London: Printed in the Year 1693. 24mo, 
67 pp., and 3 pp. "To the Reader." 

The writer proposes that the sovereign princes 
of Europe should meet by their stated deputies 
in a General Diet, Estates, or Parliament ; and 


Can Sir R 

any other authority, favour the Antiquarian Re- 
public with the proper geological term for the 
stones of which Stonehenge is composed ? Many 
of the common people insist that they are artifi- 

cial. Ge 

Killarain Ireland (Tara) 


tells me he believes the stones there are of the 


The altar 


then establish rules of justice for 

Erinces to observe one to another. The volume 
as the appearance of having been privately 
f>rinted, and the copy which is here described be- 
onged to Bindley and Heber, having been for- 
merly in the possession of an Earl (Qu. the 
name), whose coronet is on the side of the book. 

P. C. P. 

Prayer Book of 1604. — What are the special 

is said to be porphyry, which also is the geologi- 
cal character of the famous London stone, now 
enclosed in another stone with a circular aperture, 
on the north side of Cannon Street, city. It was, 
we know, the milliarium from which the Romans 
measured all the mileages in the kingdom. It 
was also the altar of the Temple of Diana, on 
which the old British kings took the oaths on their 
accession, laying their hands on it. Until they 
had done so they were only kings presumptive. 
The tradition of the usage survived as late at 

peculiarities of the celebrated and rare edition of j least as Jack Cade's time, for it is not before he 

the Book of Common Prayer, published in 1604 ? 

F. S. A. Clericus. 

Dr. Richard Sibbes. 




rushes and strikes the stone, that he thinks himself 
entitled to exclaim 

" Nov/ is Jack Cade Lord Mayor of London ! " 

"Dr. Sibbs thus 

[in the margin opposite Gospel 
Anointings, p. 94] .... Particular visible churches are 
now God's Tabernacle. The church of the Jews wag a 
National Church ; but now God hath erected particular 
tabernacles," &c. 

This paragraph (which it is not necessary to 
my purpose to give in full) occurs in a tract by 
Philip Nye, entitled The Laic fulness of the Oath 
of Supremacy and Power of the King in Ecclesias- 

tractate by Dy. Richard Sibbes. My attention | Tradition also declares it was brought from Troy 
has been called by a book-loving friend to the j by Brutus, and laid down by his own hand as the 
following quotation from a book or tractate of Dr. ! altar-stone of the Diana Temple, the foundation 
Sibbes's, hitherto unheard of: — stone of London and its palladium 

" Tra maen Prvdain 
Tra Ued Llyndain." 

" So long as the stone of Brutus is safe, so long 
will London flourish," which infers also, it is to 
be supposed, that if it disappears London will 
wane. It has from the earliest ages been jeal- 
ously guarded and imbedded, perhaps from a su- 
perstitious belief in the identity of the fate of 
London with that of its palladium. At any rate 
it is a very famous stone, and it is desirable we 


[4to, 1683, p. 411. I never had 

heard before of Gospel Anointings, and since have should ' u the knowledge about it we can. 
tailed to trace it to any public or private library, ° - 




of Sibbes' s numerous posthumous works. May I 
ask readers of " N. & Q." to kindly aid me in 
recovering a copy of Gospel Anointings ? I would 
take the opportunity of adding that I am still 

Mor Merrion. 

St. Napoleon. — Napoleon is, I believe, a pro- 
per name of ancient standing among the Italians. 
Thus Napoleone Orsino (what a conjunction !), 
Count of Monopello, appears about 1370, under 
Urban V. (Pope), as one who had devised pro- 
perty for the erection of a monastery at Rome. 
The name is connected with the history of the 

1638. As the new collective edition of Sibbes's church and monastery of Holy Cross. I wish to 



know who Saint Napoleon was, and where I can 

Alexander B. Grosart. 

find his biography ? 

B.H. C. 

1st Manse, Kinross, N. B. 



I have heard St 

tihtertaf tottf) Sfaj*&)«nJ. 

Sir Francis Page. 

The character of this 

gerous localities in the neighbourhood of London " hanging judge " is rendered memorable by Pope, 
for highway robbery in the last century. Where the Duke of Wharton, Savage, Fielding, and 

I do not find it mentioned Johnson ; but little is told of the incidents of his 

B _ H 

Handbook f i 


life, his lineage, or his death. Can any of your 





[** S. I. Jan. 4, >62. 

correspondents enlighten me in reference to 4hese 
particulars P I shall be grateful for any informa- 
t j on# Edward Foss. 

[Sir Francis Page was the son of the Vicar of Blox- 
ham iu Oxfordshire. He assumed the coif Dec. 14, 1704 ; 
became king's sergeant Jan. 26, 1714-15; a baron of 
the Exchequer May 22, 1718; a justice of the Com- 
mon Pleas Nov. 4, 1726, and a justice of the King's 
Bench Sept. 27, 1727. He always felt a luxury in con- 
demning a prisoner, which obtained for him the epithet 
of « the hanging judge." Treating a poor thatcher at 
Dorchester with his usual rigour, the man exclaimed 

after his trial 

" God, in his rage, 

Made a Judge Page." 

Page was the judge who tried Savage for murder, whom 
he°seemed anxious to condemn; indeed, he owned that 
he had been particularly severe against him. When de- 
crepid from old age, as he passed along from court, a 
friend inquired particularly of the state of his health. 
He replied, " My dear Sir, you see I keep hanging on, 
hanging on." He died on Dec. 18, 1741, aged eighty, at 
his seat at North Aston in Oxfordshire. — Vide Noble's 
Biog. History of England, iii. 203. Perhaps some of our 
genealogical friends may be able to supply our corre- 
spondent with an account of the " birth, parentage, and 
education " of this notorious judge.] 

The Ass and the Ladder. — In Bibha Sacra 
Hebraica (Bibliotheca Sussexiana, vol. i. p. xi.) is 

the following expression, " May this book not be 
damaged, neither this day nor for ever, until the 
ass ascends the ladder" Query, the legend ? 

A. W. IT. 

[The passage at the end of this manuscript (Ssec. xiii.) 
reads as follows: "I, Meyer, the son of Rabbi Jacob, the 
scribe, have finished this book for Rabbi Abraham, the 
son of Rabbi Nathan, the 505*2ndyear (a.d. 1292); and 
he has bequeathed it to his children and his children's 
children for ever. Amen. Amen. Amen. Selah. Be strong 
and strengthened. May this book not be damaged, neither 
this day nor for ever, until the Ass ascends the Ladder." 
Like the Latin phrase of Petronius "asinus in tegulis " 
(an ass on the housetop), which is supposed to signify 
something impossible and incredible, the saying " until 
the ass ascends the ladder," is "a proverbial expression 
among the Rabbins, for what will never take place; e. g. 
"Si ascendent asinus per scalas, invenietur scientia in 
mulieribus; " — a proposition so uncomplimentary to the 
superior sex, that we leave it in Buxtorf 's Latin.] 

Legends of the Wandering Jew. 


you kindly inform me whether there are in the 
English language many versions of the legend of 
the Wandering Jew, what these are, and where 
they are to be met with? 

A French Subscriber. 

24, Avenue de la Porte Maillot, Paris. 

[The earliest mention of this legend is in Matthew 
Paris, or rather in Roger of Wendover's Chronicle, s. a. 
1228. See vol. iv. p. 176, of English Historical Society's 
edition, or vol. ii. p. 512, of the edition published by 

Bohn. A ballad of The Wandering Jew is printed by 
Percy, Reliques, ii. 301 (edit. 1794). Brand, in his Po- 
pular Antiquities (Bohn's edition), iii. 309, makes refer- 
ence on this subject to Calmet's Dictionary of the Bible 
and Turkish Spy, vol. ii. book iii. let. l.j and there is 
an articla in Blachwood't Magazine, vis. G08, entitled 

11 The Legend of the Wandering Jew from Matthew 
Paris." The fullest particulars of the legend will how- 
ever be found in Grasse, Die Sage vom Ewigen Juden, 
$•<?., Dresden und Leipsig, 1844.3 

Quotation. — Whence are the two noble lines : 

" Of this blest man, let this just praise be given, 
Heaven was in him before he was in heaven." 

J. c. 

[This couplet was written by Izaak Walton in his 
copy of Dr. Richard Sibbes's work, The Returning Back- 
slider. 4to. 1641.1 



(2 nd S. xii. 457.) 

R. B. The curious in books for the people of the 
latter part of the seventeenth century are familiar 
with the initials "K. B ," said by Dunton to be 
assumed by Nat- Crouch, and affixed by him to 
the marvellous books which issued from his shop, 
the Bell in the Poultry, for the delectation of the 


Turning over a lot of these, I have singled out 

one of early date, which, I would submit, may be 
the father of the race, and that which probably 
suggested to the cunning bookseller that successful 
series of chapman's books which must have en- 
riched him and his successors for some genera- 
tions. My book is 

" An Epitome of all the Lives of the Kings of France, 
from Pharamond the First to the now most Christian 
King Lewis the loth, with a delation of the Famous 
Battailes of the two Kings of England, who were the 
first Victorious Princes that Conquered France. Trans- 

lated out of the French Coppy by 


B., Esq., 12mo. 

London : P. bv I. Okes, and are to be sould by I. Beckit." 
&c. 1639. 

This little book has an emblematical frontis- 
piece by, or in the style of, Marshal, and the 
effigies of the sixty-four kings, whose lives it pro- 
fesses to give, in a bold cut upon the page, which 
fashion of illustration was one of the great attrac- 
tions of the people's library under remark. Al- 
though claiming for this book the credit of having 

~ " *-* 

originated the Burton Family, my belief is that 
the 11. B. upon the title indicates Richard Brath* 
wait; and that, consequently, to him rather than 
to the mythic R. Burton, are the people indebted 
for the example so successfully followed up by 
Nat. Crouch, alias R. B., of abridging or melting 
down the standard literature, popular stories, and 
folk lore of the day into a racy vernacular, which 
suited their capacities, and at a price which came 
within their means. Ii. B., the imitator, did not 
come before the public until 1678 : the oldest of 
the Burton books in my possession is The Sur- 
prizing Miracles, 8fc, which professes to be by 
11 R. B., author of the History of the Wars, 8fc. 

! l 

3" S. I. Jan. 4, '62.] 



*- — 

Lond., printed for N. Crouch, 1683." At the end customs (though some of them barbarous and inhumane) 

:« u~«* A/itf^floomnnf of ViAnVa lafoW ninnforl Iw of several people who inhabit many pleasincr and other 

i9 " an Advertisement of books lately printed by 
R. Burton, and sold by N. C* Here would 
seem to be two distinct persons, so that it was not 
until a later period that Crouch assumed the 
initials either to put himself into the shoes of a 
defunct digester, or to identify himself with a Mr. 
Harrk of his own creating ; for it is evident that 
whoever was the compiler of these books, he had 
no fixed idea of the meaning of his own initials, 
sometimes when he extended them, calling him- 
self Richard, and sometimes Robert Burton ; and 
my theory is that Brathwait, to veil his eccen- 
tricities, often put forth books with his initials 
only, and that Crouch, falling in with The Epi- 
tome, took it for the model of his " swelling shil- 
ling books;" and either through ignorance or 
design, gave a new interpretation to the R. B. he 
found upon the title. 

The foregoing scribble about R. B. I intended 
for " N. & Q." a long time back, and the Query of 
Regulus has just reminded me of it. Certainly 
there is no doubt about The Epitome being by 
Brathwait, and its omission in Haslewood's list 
could only arise from his not having seen it. As 
it lies on my table beside The Lives of all the 
Roman Emperors, by R. B. G. 1636 (included by 
him in said list), there can be but one opinion, 
for the same family features are unmistakably upon 
the face of both. My attention having been again 

drawn to the subject of R. B., I have taken a look 
at the small book in the Grenville library, bear- 
ing the date 1678, and apparently the first of the 
series of the Burton boohs. It bears the title : 

"Miracles of Art and Nature, or a Brief Description of 
the several Varieties of Birds, Beasts, Fishes, Plants, and 
Fruits of other Countries. Together with several other 
remarkable things in the World." 12mo, pp. 120, 

with seventy-one short chapters treating of the 
said miracles, but in a more sober style than its 
followers. It purports to be by R. B., Gent., and 
is u printed for W. Bowtel." Brathwait was then 

if the 
coming Crouch, 


alias Burton, unless it can be discovered in the 
homely address " To the Ingenious Reader." I 
have no doubt, however, that this is the first book 
of the popular series ; and as it forms a kind of 
epoch in our literary history, perhaps you will 
agree with me that this address is worth reprint- 


N. & Q 

"Candid Reader," says 
herein are collections out 

R. B., " what thou findest 
of several ancient authors, 

which (with no small trouble) I have carefully and dili- 
gently collected, and compressed into this small book at 
some vacant hours, for the divertisement of such as thy- 
self who are disposed to read it; for, as the several cli- 
mates of the world have not only influenced the inhabi- 
tants, but the very beasts with natures different from one 
another, so hast thou here, not only a description of the 
several shapes and natures of variety of birds, beasts, 
fishes, plants, and fruits, but also of the dispositions and 

of several people who inhabit many pleasing and other 
parts of the world. I think there is not a chapter in 
which thou wilt not find various and remarkable things 
worth thy observation, and such (take the book through- 
out) that thou canst not have in any one author, at least 
modern, and of this volume. And'if what I have done 
shall not dislike thee, I shall possibly proceed and go on 
to a further discovery in this kind, which doubtless can- * 


'Tis probable they 

are not so methodically disposed as some hands might 
have done; yet for variety and pleasure's sake the}'' are 
(I hope) pleasingly enough intermixed. And as I find 
this accepted, so I shall proceed. — Farewell, R. B." 

I have only to say, in conclusion, that this book 



J. O 


(2< ld S. xii. 397.) 

Philips's statement is very curious, and de- 
serves investigation, though there can be little 
doubt that it will prove to be groundless. " Fires, 
and the frequent fall of houses, 1 * symptomatic 
though they may be of earthquake?, are especially 
mentioned by Juvenal as among the causes which 
rendered even the wretched loneliness of the 
country preferable to a residence in the Roman 

As regards earthquakes in England, I can see 
no improbability in the statement of Col. Wild- 
man, such shocks being far more common than is 
generally supposed. Some of these shocks have 
been sufficiently violent to throw down buildings, 
to divert rivers, and to open large fissures in 
the earth ; and, but for their limited extent, would 
no doubt have 

been regarded as 

very serious 

A picturesque and interesting account of that 
which occurred in London and its neighbourhood 
in 1750, is given by the author of Mary Powell, 
in her Old Chelsea Bun House. There were two 
shocks, at a month's interval ; and such was the 
predisposition for something dreadful in the pub- 
lic mind, that the drunken ravings of pseudo- 
prophets actually led many to believe that a third, 
far more destructive, would take place after a 
similar interval. As the details of this event are 
too well known to need repetition, I shall content 
myself with noting such particulars only as are 
not likely to have come under the notice of the 
readers of " N. & Q." The Methodists, at that 
time exceedingly zealous and active, declaimed 
fearfully on the subject out of doors ; and the 
celebrated George Whitefield ventured into Hyd 
Park at midnight and preached a sermon ; which 
has been described as " truly sublime/' and ^strik- 
ingly terrific." Mason, the author of a well- 
known treatise on Self Knowledge, says that there 

were four remarkable circumstances attending 





[3*<* S. I. Jan. 4, '62. 

that the last shock was strongest 

: was repeated 

—that both were 
much more violent in the cities of London and 
Westminster than in any place beside ; and that 
both happened when there was the greatest con- 
course of people there out of the country. ' 

It is far from easy, however, to obtain a con- 
sistent account of this occurrence ; almost every 
record of it being more or less coloured by theory, 
superstition, or a desire to " improve the occa- 
sion." The theologian, who had made un hi 


mind to doom our metropolitan Babylon, dis- 
covered that it was confined to London and West- 
minster ; whilst " such an honest chronicler as 
Griffith," would find out that it did most mischief 
at Lambeth, Limehouse, and Poplar ; and was 

sensibly felt all the way from Greenwich to Rich- 
mond ! 

eastward and westward 

The Methodists generally tracked it 

from Whitechapel to 
Charing Cross — in order that it might make a 
clean sweep of " guilty London"; whilst another 

that it was one ; for it was too peculiar to suggest (to 
me) any other idea, though I find that some others who 
felt it were at a loss. 

"There were ten or twelve distinct vibrations: the 
first very strong, shaking the bed and the whole house, 
and rattling the slates and chimney-pots, accompanied 
too by a rumbling sound ; and they gradually subsided thus. 
The whole may have lasted from twenty to thirty seconds. 

" If not positively alarming, for 1 certainly did not 
look for any harm, it yet was awful and highly startling. 
I heard my heart beating for many minutes afterwards, 
and had some trouble in inducing mj T self to walk to the 
window to examine the night. It was light, and per- 
fectly calm. To-day has been unnaturally warm : I went 
to town and returned, with burnt face and quite op- 
pressed, as in the dog days." 

Thus far my extract ; to which I may add, 
that a man-servant, awake on the ground floor 
the house, felt nothing; but his canary beat 
itself frantically about its cage, so that he struck 
a light, thinking that a cat must be frightening it. 



He looked too at his watch, and the hour corre- 
sponded with that of the earthquake. The cage 
account says, thatf" it 'seemed to move in a north was full of feathers, and the bird seemed sick for 

and south direction," and was sensiblv felt at 



A very remarkable earthquake, on a small scale, 
occurred at a place called the Birches, between 
Buildwas and Madeley, in Shropshire, on the 27th 
May, 1773; and is minutely described in a small 
volume, the title of which I have forgotten, by i she must die. A delicate boy, of five, was so terri- 
the celebrated John Fletcher, vicar oAhe latter fied, that he had a fever. Policemen, on duty 

several days. 

Two children, brought up in a high degree of 
religious excitement in the same neighbourhood, 
were greatly terrified. . A nervous girl, of twelve, 
thought the vibrations were the steps of an angei 
crossing the room, and believed it a warning that 


It opened lame fissures in the earth, at the Liverpool docks, said that the barrels on 

the wooden bridge. They had no 

transported trees and fields, destroyed a bridge the quay rolled about and knocked against each 
towed the river out of its proper channel, strew- I other; and one thought he heard a heavy cart 

ing the adjoining lands with fish, removed a barn passing over * — A — ^-^- r ™— i— *» — 

entire a considerable distance, and broke up the thought of earthquake. 

hard-beaten road into fantastic forms resembling The papers recorded that alone house in York - 

the shattered lava of Vesuvius. As the work re- i shire was thrown down with the shock. It was 

felt also in Dublin. 

I have since felt severe shocks of earthquake in 

Italy, which caused me no greater personal sensa- 

M. F. 



1 to 


now rare, A. A. may consult The 

Youths' Magazine for 1846 (p. 208), where he will 

find further particulars. 


the 15th Nov. 1844, a somewhat similar 
disturbance took place at St. Peter's Quay, about 
three miles from Newcastle ; breaking up a large 
dry dock, and opening several consfderable fis- 

Such occurrences are ap- 
parently not unusual, as the residents in those 
parts have 

" C " 

tions than this one in England. 

sures in the earth. 


a name for them, and call them 

Douglas Allport. 

A brother of mine, who had passed many years 
in the West Indies, and was at St. Vincent's at 
the time of the eruption of the Souffriere moun- 
tains, was on a visit at Mansfield at the time of 
the earthquake in Notts, referred to by A. A. 
He was instantly aware what the shock meant ; 

Tllnoco I, no _™« ^ 4. i r 7 • i an( ^ ,n much alarm, rushed out of doors. Al- 

t Wro^ ! though the shock, or shocks, were ssvere, and 

for the following extract from the journal which 
I was in the habit of keeping in bygone years. 
Since your correspondent A. A. says that his 
object is to collect, any evidence as to earth- 
quakes in England," I presume it will have 
interest for him. 


accompanied by shaking of doors and windows, 
&c, no mischief was done in the town. Mans- 
field is some six or seven miles from ISTewstead. 
If I am not mistaken, it occurred in 1825 ; and, 
I think on Sunday, just before or after church. 

R. W; 

March 17th, 1843 (near Liverpool). _____ 

" Shortly before 1 o'clock a.m., not having yet fallen j mi _ . . „ TTr . L „ 7 , . 

asleep, I was suddenly and most effectually roused bv a ! ^^ e derivation of vv reckenceaster, Wreckeeter, 

sharp shock of an earthquake. I instantly felt assured ! or Wroxeter, from ivrceced, " wrecked or de- 

3' d S. I. Jan. 4, '62.] 



stroyed," will not hold water. The word wrechen 
is evidently a corruption of " Uriconium " itself. 
Uriconium, in Ptolemy Viroconium — found writ- 
ten Vivecinum and Virecinum, and called by 
Neimius, Caer Vruach — is, without doubt, merely 
the Latin form of its original British name : which 
it maj have had from its situation at or near the 
confluence of the Tern (which I take to have 
been what is now called the "Bell Brook") with 

without nimbus or tiara, but holding a mound in 
his right hand, and pointing downwards with his 


W. J. Bernhard Smith. 

the Hafren, s. e. the Sabrina, or Severn. If so, 
the word Uriconium may be derived from the 
Brit. Uar-i-con-ui, i. e. "upon or near the head 

river or water." Indeed, Ariconium, by 




corruption Sariconium, may be the same word : 
for Camden tells us that the latter stood on " a 
little brook called the Ine, which, thence encom- 
passing the walls of Hereford, falls into the Wye." 
There was also a place called Uricona at Sheriff- 
Hales. The initial letter in Sariconium has doubt- 
less crept in, in the same way that it has in 
Sabrina from Hafren, and in many other names. 

H. S. Charnock. 

Biblical Literature : William Carpenter 

(2 Qd S. xii. 


Regard for an old friend, 

and sympathy with a hardworking literary man 

Enthusiasm in favour op Hampden (2 nd S. 

xii. 232, 277.) —The following entry is copied 
from a catalogue just issued by Mr. J. C. Ilotten 
of Piccadilly : 

€< 75. Two most curious petitions from the inhabitants 
of the county of Buckingham to the parliament, relative 
to Popish lords and bishops. Folio, line copy, 7s. Gd. 
Printed by R. C. 1642." 

From Col. Whalley the regicide's curious li- 
brary. At the foot it says 

" These petitions were brought by thousands of the in- 
habitants of the co. of Buckingham, riding orderly by 
three in a ranke, thorow London, on 11th Jan. to the 
Iloiues of Parliament." 

W. D. Macray. 

Mutilation of Sepulchral Memorials (2 nd S. 
xii. 12, &c.) — I have the fragments of eight stone 
coffin slabs, decorated with crosses tastefully de- 

signed, from 1250 to 1490. The fragments were 
found forming the sells and jambs of apertures 
for the admission of light (instead of the old 


Norman loophole) in the south wall of the church 

11n/ j flll(1 cnt \ „«i rt ^:f„ :,wi«/w* *« . fJ^oL- *^jL\ .;™ ' of this parish, and of a "perpendicular" window 
under a sad calamity, induce me to ask permission ; • . * \, , u i • • i u • 

to add 


editorial answer to 

Mr. Bartlett. Mr. William Carpenter is still 
living, rather advanced in years, and has been 
recently visited with the affliction of blindness. 
The sight of one eye has left him, and the other 

is so weak as to be useless for literary labour. 

I do not know what was his reply (if any) to 
the accusations of the Christian Remembrancer in 
1827 ; but he has ever since then been an active 
member of the " fourth estate." He once had the 
honour of a state prosecution for political libel. 

I am violating no confidence (I regret to say) 
in revealing his present misfortunes, for a public 
subscription was set on foot for his relief. 

Job J. Bardwell Workard, M.A. 

Article "Use and Have" (not Have and 
Use) (2 n * S. xii. 456.) — This article appeared in 
Chambers' Journal for February 28, 1835. 

in the east wall ; the wall and its window being in 

the place of the original anse and its centre light. 

C. E, B. 

Wiston, Colchester. 





S. xii. 237, 352, 

The pedigree given by Dugdale shows 


that I was right in supposing that Isaac Newton, 
who purchased Bagdale Hall, was the Isaac, the 
son of Christopher, baptized in 1608. 

The second Isaac, mentioned in that pedigree 
as aged thirty-two in 1G65, may have been, and I 
think was, the Isaae first mentioned in the ab- 
stract referred to in my former note. The latter, 
and his second son Ambrose, were dead befoi 
1739 ; and Ambrose's son Richard was then more 
than twenty-one, as he executed a deed of that 
date. It is, therefore, very probable that the last 
Isaac of the pedigree, and the first Isaac of the 
abstract, were the same person ; and, if so, the 


Representations in Sculpture of the First pedigree is completed from George Newton. 

Person of the Holy Trinity (2 

443, 483.) 



lazuli, perhaps the largest in the world, 
group is in white marble. A carved oak panel, 
in my possession, represents the baptism of our 
Lord. His head is surrounded by a glory of a 
lozenge form. The Holy Ghost, as a dove, with 
wings expanded, is descending in the centre of a 
round nimbus ; whilst* in clouds above, the First 

Person is represented as an old and bearded man. 

I have never seen three pairs of crossbones. 

C. S. Greaves. 

I beer to inform E. Conduitt Dermer, that Sir 

is a colossal group of this subject. The foot of 

the First Person is planted upon a globe of lapis David Brewster is perfectly correct in speaking 

of Sir Richard Newton, of Newton ; and that he 
was quite a different individual from Sir Michal 
Newton. Sir Richard was the last heir male of 
a family of considerable antiquity seated at New- 
ton, in East Lothian, or Haddingtonshire. An 
account of the grounds, such as they are, for sup- 
posing that Sir Isaac Newton might have been 
a cadet of his family will be found in Burke's 




»* S. I. Jan. 4, ? 6f . 

Commoners (vol- iii. p. 28, note), under the title 
of " Hay Newton, of Newton." Sir Richard was 
knighted by William III. ; and having no issue, 
entailed his estate on a younger branch of the 
noble house of Tweeddale, by whom it is now pos- 
sessed, without the infusion of Newton blood. 

11. R. 

Dr. Arne's Father (2 nd S. xii. 364.) — The 
Post- Boy ) London newspaper, of Dec. 15th, 1698, 
contains the following: announcement : 

" Thomas Arne, Upholsterer, who lately lived at the 
George and White Lion, in the Great Piazza, Covent 
Garden, is now removed to the George in Bedford 
Court, near Bedford Street." 

The circumstances of the surname, trade and 
place of abode of the advertiser and those of 
Arne's father corresponding so closely, have al- 
ways led me to believe in the identity of the par- 
ties. It does not appear from the statement of 
my friend Dr. Rimbault, where the EdwardArne, 
who perished so miserably in the Fleet Prison in 
1728, resided; and so far there is nothing be- 
yond the name and trade to identify him with the 
father of the composer. Can it be likely that he 
was the elder son, and successor in the business 
of the Thomas Arne mentioned above ? It would 
be very interesting to learn something more of 
the family of one of our most gifted native com- 
posers, than is to be gathered from the very 
meagre information in the general biographical 
notices of him. The Arnes were Roman Catho- 
lics, which may in some measure account for the 
scanty particulars of them to be gleaned from the 
parish registers, but perhaps something respecting 
them might be found in the rate-books. Can any 
reader of "N. & Q." supply from these, or other 
sources, any accurate information on this subject ; 

W. II. Husk. 

Clergyman's Right to take the Chair (2 nd 

S. xii. 454.) 

" The minister has a right to preside at all vestry 
meetings: for a [minister is not a mere individual of 
vestry; on the contrary, he is always described as the 
first, and as an integral part of the parish, the form of 
citing a parish being 'the minister, churchwardens, and 
parishioners; and putting any other individual in com- 
petition with him for the office of chairman, would be 
placing him in a degraded situation, in which he is not 
placed by the constitutional establishment of this coun- 
try. He is the head and prases of the meeting. Thus it 
has been held, that at a vestry meeting summoned by 
the churchwardens for the purpose of electing new church- 
wardens in a parish, regulated by stat. 58 Geo. III. c. 
09, the rector has a right to preside. But the minister is 
not an integral part of the vestrv.' 

" Stat. 58 Geo. III. c. 69, s. 2, directs that if the rector 

or vicar, or perpetual curate, be not present, the persons 
assembled must forthwith nominate bv plurality of votes 
to be ascertained as therein directed, one of the inhabit- 
ants to be chairman; which is nearly tantamount to a 
declaration, or by necessary implication declares, that if 
the rector, vicar, or curate be present, he shall preside- 

and the legislature must evidently have considered that 

by law and usage he was entitled to preside." — Stephens 

on the Laws relating to the Clergy, vol. ii. p. 1328. 

The stipendiary curate is not an integral part of 
the parish. He is only the representative of the 
minister, and consequently not entitled to preside. 

S. L. 

At every vestry meeting, " the incumbent pre- 
sides by right, whether rated or not ; and whether 
rector, or vicar, or perpetual curate. If he be ab- 
sent, the meeting elect a chairman. 1 ' The right 
to preside, therefore, does not extend to his sti- 
pendiary curate. I imagine that no meeting, ex- 
cept a vestry, could transact parochial business : 
and that the incumbent could not demand the 
chair at any unauthorised meeting, assembled 
merely for discussion, whether of church matters 
or otherwise. See Dale's Clergyman's Legal 
Handbook, 1859, p. 80, 81 ; and Harding's Handy 
Book of Ecclesiastical Law, 1860, p. 90, 91. 

Job J. Bardwell Workard, M.A. 

St. Benigne, Dijon (2 ,ld S. xii. 168, 402.) 
From the information given by Mr. Corney, it 
would certainly appear that Fergusson, in his 
Handbook of Architecture, has fallen into error. 
There is a want of precision in his statements 
that makes it rather difficult to ascertain where 
the error really lies. But it is clear that he has 
not been guilty of so mere a blunder as Mr. 
Corney imputes to him, of confounding the church 
of Ste. Madeleine with the church of St. Benigne. 

I find that, in p. 684, he describes the cathedral 
as belonging to the latter half of the thirteenth 
century. At p. 652 he speaks of St. Benigne as 
having been one of the oldest churches in Bur- 


gundy, and probably an excellent type of the 
style of the country; but in p. 619 it is stated 
that, in the year 1271, the nave was rebuilt in the 
perfect pointed style of that day. So far as re- 
gards the nave, therefore, St. Benigne could be 
no type of the older style of the country : and it 
is worthy of remark, that the time when the nave 
was rebuilt agrees precisely with the date attri- 
buted to the cathedral. 

In p. 619, Fergusson gives a plan of St. Be- 
nigne, taken (apparently with some modifications) 
from Dom Plancher ; and in this plan is shown 
the singular Rotonde, or circular choir, mentioned 
by Mr. Corney. 

Does this Rotonde now exist ? I have seen the 
cathedral, but have no recollection of anything of 
the sort. Is it not possible that, during the Re- 
volution, the circular choir may have been de- 
stroyed, while the rest of the church was left 
standing to form the present cathedral ? 

Perhaps some correspondent at Dijon may be 
able to state whether this supposition is correct. 

P. s. c. 

Neil (not Niel) Douglas (2 nd S. xii. 472.) 
A. G. will find " biographical particulars " of this 


3'<i S. I. Jan. 4, '62. ] 



but in many respects excellent and 

markable man, in Dr. Struth 


History of the Rise, Progress, and Principles of 


ef Ch 




Fullarton & Co., 

minister. — See chap. xxii. and note x. in Appen- 


t) "U 

periodicals of S 


of the period, edited by, and containing many of 

the ablest productions of Douglas. 

A curious 

(in verse) 

the letter-press attached to Kay's Caricature* 
Portraits (2 vols. 4to). A. G. is correct in his 
identification of the heterodox divine with the 



one of the blood- 

3al times of Scot- 


Mr. Neil Douglas, Universalist preacher of 
Stockwell Street, Glasgow, was tried on the 26th 
of May, 1817, before the Court of Justiciary in 
Edinburgh, on a charge of having used scanda- 
lous expressions regarding the King, Prince Re- 
gent, and Royal family, in his prayers before his 
congregation. Mr. Jeffrey was his counsel. The 
jury brought in a verdict of not guilty. 

I remember seeing this old gentleman in the 
Old Tolbooth of Edinburgh, at the time of his 
trial. The evidence there given shows strong 
traces of eccentricity, but none of rancour or 
spite. It would be interesting to many in Scot- 
land if A. G. would give in "K & Q" a few 
snatches of the literary curiosities attributed to 



Mr. Douglas. 


James Glassford (2 nd S. xii. 397, 429.) 


tained this by looking at the title-page of both 
editions* of Lyrical Compositions selected from the 
Italian Poets, with Translations, by James Glass- 
ford, Esq., of Dou^alston. He was an advocate 
at the Scottish Bar, and the author of various 
legal and literary works. The following is his 
version of Guarini's madrigal : 

u This mortal life, 
Seeming so fair, is like a feather tossed, 
Borne on the wind, and in a moment lost. 

Or, if with sudden wheel, it flies 
Farther sometimes, and upward springs, 

And then upon its wings 
Sustained in air, as if self-balanced lies, 
The lightness of its nature is the cause ; 

And swiftly, after little pause, 
With thousand turns, and thousand idle stops, 

Because it is of earth to earth it drops," 

R. R. 


Watkinson Owtrem (2 nd S. xii. 485.) 

Watkinson of Wirksworth with the Heathcote 

* 1834 and 1846 (the latter posthumous). 

family, then of Chesterfield, that he belonged to the 
Watkinsons of Brampton, near Chesterfield. One of 
these Watkinsons was high sheriff for Derbyshire 
in the earlier half of the last century, but I do 
not find that they ever bore arms. Nor have I 
discovered that any arms are attributed to the 
Derbyshire family of Outram, from whom I be- 

lieve Sir James Outram to be descended. 


J. H. Clark. 

Thomas Owtram, of the parish of Dronfield, died 
in 1811. If I can afford your correspondent any 
information relative to North Derbyshire families, 
I shall be glad to do so, and accordingly subjoin 
my address. 

Whittington, near Chesterfield. 

Sir Richard Shelley (2 nJ S. xii. 470.) — Eric 
will find a long account of this eminent person, 
Grand Prior of England and Turcopolier, in " N. 
& Q." 1 st S. xi. 179. 

The following extract from Moule's Heraldry 
of Fish (p. 227) will answer his other queries : 

" Sable, a fess engrailed between three wilks, or; are 
the arms of Sir John Shelley, Baronet, of Maresfield in 
Sussex, the representative of one of the heiresses of the 
Barony of Sudeley. 

" Of the same lineage was Sir Richard Shelley, Prior 
of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem; who, in 1561, 

was ambassador from the King of Spain to Venice and 

" The same arms are also borne by Sir Timothy Shel- 
ley, Baronet, of Castle-Goring in Sussex, father of the 
late Percy Bysshe Shelley, the poet." 

See also the History of the Rape of Br amber. 


J. Woodward. 

Sir James Pemberton (2 nd S. xii. 474.) 


armorial bearings assigned in Heylin to Sir James 
Pemberton, Lord Mayor of London, 1611, are those 
his successor Sir John Swinnerton, Lord Mayor 


in 1612. Pember ton's arms were, " Argent, a 
chevron between three buckets sable, hoops or " 
(vide Burke's Armory). H. G-. 

Churchwardens (2 nd S. xii. 471.) — Tna will 
find in my History of Henley, 1861 (pp. 50, 319), 
that the churchwardens have been appointed by 
the corporation of Henley, for nearly six cen- 
turies. John S. Burn. 

The Grove, Henley* " 

Time out of mind it has been customary for the 
Vicar of Doncaster to appoint one of the church- 
wardens, and the mayor the other, styled respec- 
tively the Vicar's churchwarden and the 

Mayor's Churchwarden. 

The Sleepers (2 nd S. xii. 457.) — The verses 
inquired for are by Mary Anne Browne. She 
published six small volumes of poems, in London 
and Liverpool, between the years 1827 and 1838. 
Many of her minor pieces are marked by the 
same delicacy of feeling and grace of expression 
as " the sleepers," M. A. E. G, 




[3 r * S. 1. Jan. 4, '62. 

Libraire, 1754. 

J. San. 

Journal of Louise de Savoie (2 nd S. xii. 


May I be permitted to answer my own 

Query, as I have since discovered that this curious 
document has been printed in Guichenon's His- 
toire de Savoie, torn. v. p. 461. I have not, how- 
ever, succeeded in finding the account of the ex- 
humations at St. Denis, concerning which I beg 


leave to repeat my Query. 

Rousseau on the Rearing of Infants (2 nd S. 
xii. 394.) — See Jean Jacques's E'mile, liv. i. 

11. S. Charnock. 




Particulars of Price, &o. of the following Rooks to be sent direct to 

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Romantic Tatf?, by M. G. Lewis. Vols. Land IV. London, 1 80S, 

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London, 1SD3. 

Roval Exile, by Mrs. Green. Vols. I. and IV. London: Stockdale, 

Wanted by Capt<tia Turion, Kilvington Hall, Thirsk. 

Ancn.T;oLor.TA Cavttana, H53. Vol. L Being Transactions of the 
Kent Archaeological Society. 

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Hollar's Paht'Music; a quantity of separate vocal parts of Sacred and 

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Hackney, N.E. 

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3*« S. I. Jan. 4, '62.] 





Founded A.D. 1842. 


H. E. Bicknell.Esa. 

T. S. Cocks, Esq. 
O. H. Drew, Esq. M.A. 
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Phmcinn W. R. Basham, M.D. 

Bankers Messrs. Biddulph, Cocks, * Co. 

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LOANS from 100J. to 500*. granted on real or first-rate Personal 

Attention is also invited to the rates of annuity granted to old lives , 
for which ample security is provided by the capital of the Society. 

Example: 100Z. cash paid down purchases — An annuity of— 


d 8. d. 

9 15 10 to a male life aged 60\ 

65 ! Payable as long 

11 7 4 


13 18 8 


18 6 




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Now ready, 420 pages, 14s. 


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Recipe from the u Cook's Guide," by C. E. Francatelli, late Chief 
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To one dessertspoonful of Brown and Poison mixed with a wineglass- 
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BRONCHITIS — In our cold and chamreableclimate, Hoiloway's 
Pills have proved themselves the best prjventives of ill-health. They 
expel all impurities, steady the circulation, regulate the respiration, and 
check the first erroneous or depraved action. They are more strictly 
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at the root of all bodily ailments by eradicating every morbid matter 
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In all the varieties of fevers and inflammations, which now fearfully 
swell our bills of mortality, Hoiloway's Pills exercise the most salutary 
power. They often restore health when dissolution is threatened. 





The Hon. FRANCIS 8COTT, Chairman. 

CHARLES BERWICK CURTIS, Esq., Deputy Chairman. 


D. Q. HE.\RlQUES,Esq. 

THUS. THORBY, Esq., F.8.A. 



This Company offers the security of a large paid-up capital, held in 
shares by a numerous and wealthy proprietary, thus protecting the 
assured from the risk attending mutual offices. 

The»e have been three divisions of profits, the bonuses averaging 
nearly 2 per cent, per annum on the sums assured from the commence- 
ment of the Company. 

Sum Assured. Bonuses added. Payable at Death. 

£5,r-00 *l,W 10s. £6,987 10s. 

1,000 397 10s. 1,397 10s. 

100 39 15s. 139 15s. 

To assure £100 payable at death, a person aged 21 pays £2 2s. Ad. per 
annum; but as the profits have averaged nearly 2 per cent, per annum, 
the additions, in many cases, have been almost as much as the pre- 
miums paid. 

Loans granted on approved real or personal security. 

Invalid Lives. Parties not in a sound state of health maybe insured 
at equitable rates. 

No charge for Volunteer Military Corps while serving in the United 

The funds or property of the company, as at 1st January, 1861, 
amounted to £730,665 7s. 10c/., invested in Government and other ap- 
proved securities. 

Prospectuses and every information afforded on application to 

E. L. BOYD, Resident Director. 


Vj Bridge Street, Blackfriars : established 1762. 

The Right Hon. LORD TREDEGAR, President. 

Wm. Samuel Jones, Esq., V.P. 
Wm. F. Pollock, E*q., V.P. 
Wm. Dacns Adams, b sq. 
John Charles Burgoyne, tf sq. 
Lord G^o. llenr> Cavendish, M.P. 
Frederick Cowper, Esq. 
Philip llardwick, Esq. 

Richard Gosling, Esq. 
Peter Martineau, Esq. 
John Alldin Moore, Esq. 
Charles Pott, Esq. 
Rev. John hussell,D.D. 
James Spicer, Esq. 

John Charles Templer, Esq. 

The Equitable is an entirely mutual office. The reserve, at the last 
"rest," in December. 1859, exceeded three-fourths of a million sterling, 
a sum more than double the corresponding fund of any similar in- 

The bonuses paid on claims in the 10 years ending on the 31st De- 
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amount of all those claims. 

The amount added at the close of that decade to the policies existing 
on the 1st January, 1860, was 1,977,000/., and made, with former addi- 
tions then outstanding, a total of 4,070,000/., on assurances originally 

tiiken out for 6,262,000/. only. 

These additions have increased the claims allowed and paid under 
those policies since the 1st January, 18»>0, to the extent of 150 per cent. 

The capital, on the 31st December last, consisted of — 

2,730,000/. — stock in the public Funds. 

3,< 06,297/. — cash lent on mortages of freehold estates. 

300,000/ cash advanced on railway debentures. 

83,590/. — cash advanced on security of the policies of members of the 

Producing annually 221, 482/. 

The total income exceeds 400,000"/. per annum. 

Policies effected in the year 1862 will participate in the distribution 
of profits made in Decenber, 18r>9, so soon as six annual premiums 
shall have become due and been paid thereon: and, in the division 
ot 1869, will be entitled to additions in rrspect of every premium paid 
upon them from the year 1862 to I8ti9, each inclusive. 
t On the surrender of policies the full value is paid, without any deduc- 
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No extra premium is charged for service in any Volunteer Corps 
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A Weekly Court of Directors is held every Wednesday, from 11 to 1 
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the Society may be had on application, personally or by post, from tho 
office, where attendance is given daily, from l'» to 4 o'clock. 




i INSTRUCTIONS for Tank Management, with Descriptive and 
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Apply direct to W. ALFORD LLOYD, 19, Portland Road, Regent's 
Park, London, W. 

M Many manuals have been published upon Aquaria, but we confess 

we have seen nothing for practical utility like this. V 





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[3'* S. I. Jan. 11, '62 









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T. The "Way to be happy. 
II. The Woman taken 



XI. Sins of the Tongue. 
XII. Youth and Age. 

XIII. Christ our Rest. 

XIV. The Slavery of Sin. 
XV. The Sleep of Death. 

XVI. David's Sin our Warning. 
XVII. The Story of St. John. 
XVIII. The Worship of the Sera- 
Joseph an Example to the 

. Home Religion. 
XI. The Latin Service of the 
Romish Church. 

. in 

The Two Records of Crea- 
tion. _ 
IV. The Fall and the Repent- 
ance of Peter. 
V. The Good Daughter. 
The Convenient Season. 
The Death of the Martyrs. 

VIII. God is Love. 
IX. St. Paul's Thorn in the 
Flesh. I 

X. Evil Thoughts. ' 

11 Mr. Sooretan is a pains-taking writer of practical theology. Called 
to minister t-> an intelligent middle-class London congregation, he has 
t'. avoid the temptation to appear abstrusely intellectual,— a great error 
with many I/ondun preachers,— and at the same time to rise above the 
strictly plain sermon required by an unlettered flock in the country. 
He has hit the mean with complete success, and produced a volume 
whi h will l>e readily bought by those who are in search of sermons for 
larnily reading. Out of twenty-one discourses it is almost impossible 
to give an extract which would show the quality of the rest, but while 
we commend them a* a whole, we desire to mention with especial re- 
s', t one on the ' Two Records of Creation, 1 in which the vexata 
, u r ,r,o of 4 Geology and Genesis ' is stated with great perspicuity and 

ithfulnew; another on * Home Religion,' in which the duty of the 
< ri-tian to labour for the salvation of his relatives and friends is 
btrongly enforced, and one on the* Latin Service in the Romish Church,' 
which though an argumentative 6ermon on a point of controversy, is 
j*t tly free from a controversial spirit, and treats the subject with 

- it fairness and ability." — Literary Churrfanan. 

" They are earnest, thoughtful, and practical — of moderate length 
and well adapted for families."— English Churchman, 

'* The Fermons arc remarkable for their 'unadorned eloquence' and 
their pure, nervous Saxon sentences, which make them intelligible to 
: n* poorest, and pleasing to the most fastidious. . . . There are two 
ercin Mr. Secretan displays not only eloquence but learning— that on 
the M <*a i<* account of the creation as reconcilable with the revelations 
of geological science, and that on the Latin service of the Romish 

Church — both showing liberality, manliness, and good sense." — 
" This volume bears evidence of no small ability to recommend it t< 

or readers. It id characterised by a liberality and breadth of though, 
whi'-h might be copied with advantage by many of the author's bre- 
thren, while the language is nervous, racy Saxon. In Mr. Secretin's 
■w-rui .:n there are genuine touches of feeling and pathos which are im- 
, :• ive :i'»d atfectin^; notably in those on 'the Woman taken in 
A. 1 iltery,' and on k Youth and Age.' On the whole, in the light of a 
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W' »rthy of our commendation."— Glohi . 

"Practical subjects. treated in an earnest and sensible manner, give 
Mr. ('. K. Secretan's > rn.nw ), reached in Westminster a higher value 
titan buch volumes in general possess. It deserves success."— Guardian, 

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3 rd S. L Jan. 11, '62.] 




CONTENTS.— No, 2. 

NOTES : — Memoir of William Oldys, Esq., Norroy~King-at- 
Arms, 21 — The Word " Any," 23 — Newton's Home in the 
Year 1727, 24 — Anna Seward and George Hardinge, 26 
Jacob's Well at Chester, 76. 

Minob Notes : — London Libraries — Early Editions of 
Jeremy Taylor's " Great Exemplar " •— New Word — 
Pronunciation of Proper Names — St. Mary's Church, 

Utrecht, 27. 

QUERIES: —The Family of Llewellin, 28 — Anonymous — 
Authorship of MS. wished — Mr. Serjeant John Birch, 
Cursitor IJaron — Cerigotto —Coney Family —Dwelling 
near the Rose — Hendrik en Alida — Heraldic Query — 

.. "Husbandman" — Samuel Johnson, LL.D. — The Laugh 
of a Child -Legend of the Beech Tree — William Lith- 
gow's Poems — Men Kissing each other in the Streets — 
Old Engraving of a Sea Fight — Pius IX., Acts of Pontifl- 

, cate of — Sham Heraldry — Tarnished Silver Coins — 
Tenants in Socage —Mr. Turbulent — Sir William Webbe 

— Thomas White, Esq. — Willett's Synopsis Papismi, 28. 

Queries with Answers : — The Trial of the Princess of 
Wales : " A Delicate Investigation " — Isabella Whitney 

— MS. Dramas — Khevenhuller Volunteers — The Rev. 
John Peter Droz, 32. 

REPLIES : — Lord Nugent on * Capital Punishments : 
Jemmy the Gypsy, 33— The Egg, a Symbol, 34 — Yctlin, 
or Yetling: Mesling, lb. — Beattie's Poems, 35 — Gram- 
mar Schools — "Sic Transit Gloria Mundi" — Learner — 
Lambeth Degrees — Recovery of Things lost — Errors in 
Books on the Peerage — Gilbert Tyson — Lengo Moundino 

— Commissariat of Lauder — Orkney Island Discoveries — 

Laminas — Mary Woflington — Heraldic — Edward Halsey 
Bockett, &c, 35. 

Notes on Books. 



(Continued from 3 rd S. i. 3.) 

In October, 1728, Mr. Henry Baker, the na- 
turalist, under the assumed name of Henry Stone- 
castle, projected The Universal Spectator, to which 
periodical Oldys, in 1731, had contributed about 
twenty papers.* On his return to London, in 
1730, he found Samuel Burroughs, Esq. and others 
engaged in a project for printing The Negotia- 
tions of Sir Thomas Roe. To assist in so desirable 
an undertaking, Oldys drew up " Some Con- 
siderations upon the Publication of Sir Thomas 
Roe's Epistolary Collections."! 

It was about the year 1731 that Oldys became 
acquainted with that noble patron of literature 
and learned men, Edward Harley, the second 
Earl of Oxford. It has been wisely and beauti- 

* The Universal Spectator continued to appear weekly 
until the latter end of the year 1742. In 1736 a selection 
from these papers was first printed in 2 vols. 12mo; a 
second edition appeared in 1747, in 4 vols. 12mo ; and a 
third in 1756, in 4 vols. 12mo. John Kelly, the dramatic 
poet, and Sir John Hawkins, were occasional contributors. 

f Only one volume of the Negotiations was published 
in 1740. Oldys's " Considerations " for their publication 
is in the British Museum, Addit. MS. 4168. Vide "N. 
& Q." 2 nd S. xi. 102 ; and Bolton Corney's Curiosities of 
Literature Illustrated, second edition, 1838, p. 165. 

fully said, that " those who befriend genius when 
it is struggling for distinction, befriend the world, 
and their names should be held in remembrance." 
We learn from his Autobiography, that Oldys 
must already have become, to some extent, a col- 
lector of literary curiosities. He says, 

" The Earl invited me to show him my collections of 
manuscripts, historical and political, which had been the 
Earl of Clarendon's ; my collections of Royal Letters, and 
other papers of State ; together with a very large collec- 
tion of English heads in sculpture, which alone had 
taken me some years to collect, at the expense of at least 
threescore pounds. All these, with the catalogues I drew 
up of them, at his Lordship's request, I parted with to 
him for 40Z. ; and the frequent intimations he gave me of 
a more substantial recompense hereafter, which intima- 
tions induced me to continue my historical researches, 
as what would render me most acceptable to him." 

A u tobiography. 

Oldys likewise informs us, in a note on Lang- 
baine, that he had bought two hundred volumes 
at the auction of the Earl of Stamford's library in 
St. Paul's Coffee-house, where formerly most of 
the celebrated libraries were sold. 

That Oldys has already become a diligent stu- 
dent at the Harleian Library is evident from the 
publication at this time of his very curious work 
on Pamphlets. It first appeared with the follow- 
ing title : A Dissertation upon Pamphlets. In a 
Letter to a Nobleman [probably the Earl of Ox- 
ford]. London : Printed in the year 1731, 4to. 
In the following year it re-appeared in Morgan's 
Phoenix Britannicus, Lond. 1732, 4to ; and has 
since been reprinted in Nichols's Literary Anec- 
dotes, iv. 98 — 111. Oldys also contributed to the 
Phoenix Britannicus, p. 65, a bibliographical his- 
tory of " A Short View of the long Life and 


of Henry the Third, 


of England 

presented to King James by Sir Robert Cotton, 
but not printed till 1627." 

It is stated by Dr. Ducarel that Oldys was one 
of the writers in The Scarborough Miscellany, 
1732-34. This appears probable, as John Taylor, 
the author of Monsieur Tonson, informed Mr. 
Isaac D'Israeli that " Oldys always asserted that 
he was the author of the well-known song 

t i Busy, curious, thirsty fly ! ' 

And as he was a 


lover of truth, I doubt 

not that he wrote it." The earliest version of it 
discovered by Mr. D'Israeli was in a collection 

printed in 1740; but it had appeared in The 
Scarborough Miscellany for 1732, eight years 
earlier. As it slightly varies from the version 
quoted by D'Israeli, we give it as originally 

printed : 

" Tiie Fly. 

"An Anacreontich. 

" Busy, curious, thirsty Fly, 
Gently drink, and drink as I j 
Freely welcome to my Cup, 

Could'st thou sip, and sip it up ; 




[3 r <* S. I Jan. 11, '62. 

Make the most-of Life you may, 
Life is short and wears away. 

11 Just alike, both mine and thine, 
Hasten quick to their Decline ; 
Thine's a Summer, mine's no more, 
Though repeated to threescore ; 
Threescore Summers when they're gone 
Will appear as short as one. 

» * 

The London booksellers, having decided on 
publishing a new edition of Sir Walter Ralegh's 
History of the World, enlisted the services of 
Oldys to see it through the press. To this edi- 
tion is prefixed "The Life of the Author, newly 
compil'd, from Materials more ample and authen- 
tick than have yet been publish'd, by Mr. Oldys." 
The Life makes 282 pages, and from the autho- 
rities quoted in the numerous notes must have 
been a task of considerable labour and research. 
The complete work is in two volumes, fob 1736, 
and contains a very copious Index. Gibbon medi- 
tated a Life of Ralegh; but after reading Oldys's, 
he relinquished his design, from a conviction that 
" he could add nothing new to the subject, except 
the uncertain merit of style and sentiment. 7 ' 

Walter Ralegh, some booksellers thinking Oldys's 
name would tend to sell a work then in the course 
of publication, offered him a considerable sum of 
money, if they would allow him to affix it ; but he 
rejected the proposal with the greatest indigna- 
tion, though at the time he was in the greatest 

pecuniary distress. 
At the comm'encement of the last century Bib- 


liography as a science had not been cultivated in 
England. Sale-catalogues and lists of books, espe- 
cially when interspersed with remarks of their 

and value, were collected and prized by 
bibliographers ; but Oldys was among the first in 
this country to make an attempt to divert the 
public taste from an exclusive attention to new 
books, by making the merit of old ones the sub- 
ject of critical discussion.* His Life of Ralegh 
had not only brought him into closer ties of friend- 
ship with the Earl of Oxford ; but the knowledge 


of our earliest English literature displayed in 

that work had so increased his fame, that he was 

now frequently consulted at his chambers in 

Gray's Inn on obscure and obsolete writers by the 
......... , ,.. , . ..... lt 

permitted to consult the valuable library of Sir redounds to the honour and memory of William 

While engaged on this great work, Oldys was mosfc eminent literary characters of the time. 

ter to the worthy baronet, dated Sept. 29, 1735: 

" Most honoured Sin, 

" When I was last favoured, through your'noble cour- 
tesy, with a sight of some curious Memorials relating to 
Sir Walter Kalegh, I said there would be one or two 
little printed pieces which I should have occasion to 
make more use of than I could take the liberty of doing 
in your house. One of them, however, which is the Life 
of Mahomet, I have been since provided with ; but the 
other, called News of Sir Walter Ralegh, &c, printed 4«\ 
1G18, and marked among the MSS. 15." 1288, is now, that 
1 am arrived (through above fortv sheets) at the last 
two years of his Life, immediately wanting. 

" As a troublesome cold confines me a little at present, 
I shall take it as the greater favour if you will let me 
naye it, when it may be most convenient, by the bearer; 
and 1 shall, in two or three weeks, wait on you with it 
again;. as also, with an entire copy from the press, of 
that Narrative which it will help to illustrate. If it may 
not be too ambitious in me to make so much addition to 
vour Mrarv^it may exalt the fame of my Worthy, or 

ts of 

Hans Sloanc, as we learn from the following let- Oldys that he was ever easy of access to all who 

sought or desired his assistance, and free, open, 
and communicative in answering the inquiries 
submitted to him. His friendly aid and counsel 
were not only cheerfully rendered to Thomas 
If ayward for his British Muse, and to Mrs. Cooper 
for The Muses' Library, but even his jottings for 
a Life of Nell Gwyn were freely given to the 
notorious Edmund Curl], whose fame will never 




extend the date of ft, to have his Life preserved in 
a magnificent reposifary, notwithstanding the defec 

" Honoured Sir, 

'• Your most obliged and obedient Servant. 

as he has been to immortality in 
the full blazon of his literary knavery. 

In 1737 Oldys published anonymously his cele- 
brated work, entitled 

"The British Librarian: exhibiting a Compendious 
Review or Abstract of our most scarce, useful, and valu- 
able Books in all Sciences, as well in Manuscript as in 
Print : with many Characters, Historical and Critical, of 
the Authors, their Antagonists, &c, in a manner never 
before attempted, and useful to all readers. With 
Complete Index to the volume. 


Soon after the 

ife of 


nd !5K fh«7;. inte<l " The F, - V " iu his En ilKsh Songs, 
nd added the following note: « .Made extempore by a 

,..,-. London : Printed for T. 

Osborne, in Gray's- Inn, 1738, 8vo." 

It was published as a serial in six numbers; 
No. I. is dated for January, 1737 ; and the last, 
No. VI. for June, 1737; but yet the Postscript 
at the end of it is signed " Gray's Inn, Feb. 18, 

1737 [ 

titles to the six 


Some copies 
numbers. The 


is hig 




ta.nty respecting its authorship. 

t Addit. M.S. 4031, p. 250, Brit. Museum. 

valuable as containing many curious 
works now excessively rare. Had it been con- 
tinued, it would, in all probability, have contained 

The only treatise on Bibliography which had ap- 
peared m this country, was the erudite work of Sir 
1 nomas Pope Blount, entitled " Censura Celebriorum 
Authorum : sive Tractatus, in quo varia Viror 

clarissimis cuj usque Sajculi Scriptori 
cia traduntur." Lond. 1690, fol. 

torum de 

irorum Doc- 
bus judi- 

3* S. I. Jan. 11, '62.] 



an accurate account of a very curious and valu- 
able collection of English books : it ceased, bow- 
ever, at the end of the sixth monthly number, 
when Mr. Oldys could neither be persuaded by 
the entreaty of his friends, nor the demands of 
the public, to continue the labour. Dr. John 
Campbell, in his Rational Amusement, 8vo, 1754, 
says, that no work of the kind was so well re- 
ceived; and 



of all 

men living the most capable, would pursue and 



It may seem to many a very meagre and un- 
satisfactory labour to compile a chronological 
Catalogue of standard works, intermixed with 
remarks and characters. But 


Oldys cites 

ventories of every thing in art and nature, as 
rich men have of their estates." When we first 
enter on any branch of study, it is palpably use- 
ful to have the authors to whom we should resort 


pointed out to us. u Through the defect of sucl 
intelligence, in its proper extent," says Oldys, 

"how many authors have we, who are consuming 
their time, their quiet, and their wits, in search- 
ing after either what is past finding, or already 
found ? In admiring at the penetrations them- 
selves have made, though to the rind 



those very branches of science which their fore- 
fathers have pierced to the pith ? And how many 
who would be authors as excellent as ever ap- 
peared, had they but such plans or models laid 
before them as might induce them to marshal 
their thoughts into a regular order ; or did they 
but know where to meet with concurrence of 
opinion, with arguments, authorities, or examples, 
to corroborate and ripen their teeming concep- 
tions ? " 

In the Postscript to this valuable work Oldys 
thus acknowledges his obligations to his literary 
friends for the loan of manuscripts and other rare 
books : 

" Among the books conducive to this purpose, thosejfor 
which gratitude here demands chiefly the publication of 
our thanks, are the manuscripts. Such, in the first place, 
is that here called Sir Thomas Wriothesly's Collections ; 
containing the arms and characters of the Knights of the 
Garter, and views of the ancient ceremonies used in 
creating the Knights of the Bath, &c. For that sketch 
which the Librarian has here given the publick of it, 
they are both beholden to the permission of his Grace the 
Duke of Montagu, the noble owner of that valuable 
volume; and to some explanations thereof, which were 
also courteously imparted by John Anstis, Esq., Garter, 
principal King of Arms, whose extensive knowledge in 
these subjects, his own elaborate publications, in honour 
of both those Orders, have sufficient^* confirm'd. Nor 
will it be thought a repetition unnecessary, by grateful 
minds, that the Librarian here renews his acknowledg- 
ments to Nathaniel Booth, Esq. of Gray's Inn, for his 
repeated communications; having been favoured not only 
with that curious miscellanj', containing many of the 
old Earl of Derby's papers, which, in one of the foregoing 

numbers is abridgM ; but others out of his choice collec- 
tions, which may enrich some future numbers, when op- 
portunity shall permit the contents thereof to appear. 
Other manuscripts herein described, were partly the col- 
lection of Mr. Charles Grimes, late also of Gray's Inn, 
and in the bookseller's possession for whom this* work is 
printed; except one ancient relique of the famous Wick- 
life, for the use of which, man) r thanks are here return'd 
to Mr. Joseph Ames, Member of the Society of Antiqua- 
ries. The author of this work is moreover obliged to the 
library of this last worthy preserver of antiquities, as 
also to that of his ingenious friend Mr. Peter Thompson, 
for the use of several printed books which are more scarce 
than many manuscripts; particularly some, set forth by 
our first printer in England; and others, which will rise, 
among the curious, in value, as, by the depredations of 
accident or ignorance, they decrease in number. We 
must take some further opportunity to express our obli- 
gations to other gentlemen who have favoured us with 
such like literarv curiosities; and to some hundreds un- 
known, who have shewn a relish for the usefulness of this 
performance, by encouraging the sale of it." 

(To he continued.} 

The following remarks arise out of logical con- 

• . 

troversy : but the inquiry I want to provoke will 
be most satisfactory to your readers in a perfectly 
detached form. High authority has declared that 
the word any is " exclusively adapted to negation." 
I try this point in my own way, and I hope to in- 
duce others to attend to it. Very little has been 
done towards exposition of the actual uses of our 
terms of logical quantity. 

My conclusion is that, so far from being ex- 
clusively adapted to negation, any is in negatives 
as ambiguous as a word can well be, and in affirm- 
atives nearly as precise. So it is in the instances 
which suggest themselves to me : how will it be in 
those which surest themselves to others ? 

Certainly the word is not exclusively adapted to 
negatives : any one may see that ; any one will 
admit it. Any has the force of each, eve? % y, all, at 
least in affirmatives. What any one can do, all 
can do; what all (distributively used) can do, 
any one can do. The qualifying parenthesis is 
wanted by all; not by any y which is as definite in 
affirmatives as each and every. 

Even if we choose to use the word any in the 
predicate of an affirmative, we cannot by straining 
escape the meaning which grammar imposes. He 
who should say that " Any man is any biped," 
may be forced to acknowledge that he has affirmed 
that there is but one man, but one biped, and 

that the man is the biped. 

When we come to negatives, we find that any 
may have either of two senses : universal, or par- 

Icular. It may be " any one of all," or " any one 

■f some." For instance, some persons hold, in all 

its rigour, the stern maxim that i: a healthy person 

who cannot eat any wholesome food, does not de- 




[3 r * S. I. Jan. 11, '62. 

serve to have any food to eat." The first " any " 
is particular, the second is universal : the maxim 
lays down that he who refuses some one whole- 
some food, were it that one only, does not deserve 
to have any of all possible eatables. But if we 
state affirmatively that "he who can eat any 
wholesome food may be allowed any food," we 
see that both the words are universal. Under the 
first law a refusal of cold mutton alone would 
infer the penalty : under the second a person 
must be ready for cold potatoes with it before he 
can claim to be qualified. 

I cannot find any trace of the double meaning 
in affirmatives : but I wait for others.^ I have 
clearly shown that the word any is ambiguous in 
negatives ; but I will not say that it is not so in 


In negatives, context must often determine the 

meaning. " A person who cannot do anything" 
the meaning of this commencement is ambiguous. 
If the ending be " ought not to have anything to 
do," the first any was universal: if it be " had 
better to let it alone," the first any was particular. 
But, " a person who can do anything," is not am- 
biguous. The explanatory additions in u any 
whatsoever," " any — at all," are evidences of the 
ambiguity. In affirmatives, they are but tauto- 
logy : in negatives, they distinguish. Thus, "he 

fish : turbot is not salmon,^ for instance. But 
even here the any of the subject, that which pre- 

cedes negation, 
not any y," we 

is unambiguous : in " Any x is 

make nothing of the 


" any," except each or every 


A. De Morgan. 


ever, only diifer in that the second gives stress 
the meaning already in the first. No one 
would say that the "whatsoever" of the second 
may destroy some reserved exceptions in the first. 
But " he may not have any," may mean that there 
are some which he must not have, though he may 
have others : " he may not have any whatsoever," 
makes the word universal. 


Since April last, endeavours have been made to 
identify the house in which, as different histories 
record, Sir Isaac Newton died. 

Newton died at his home in OrbelFs Buildings, near 
Pitt's Buildings, Kensington, between one and two o'clock 
in the morning of Monday the 20th of March, 1727, in 
the eighty-fifth year of his age." 

This extract is from the Penny Magazine^ 22nd 
Dec. 1832, and agrees with other accounts that 
have been published. No one, however, who has 
been seen or heard of, identifies the house. 

The name " OrbelFs " has long been disused, 
and also " Pitt's Buildings," for the houses to 
which they were once applied. The houses that 
were formerly known to the inhabitants of Ken- 
sington by such descriptions, have been since, and 
are now, called by different names. And the same, 
a later name, has been moved from one house to 
another still more recently. Of all this the new 

may have any," and "he may have any whatso- and vastly increasing inhabitants of Kensington 

have no knowledge, and comparatively few of the 


>e iziven, 

Notice of bail must 
because the magistrate cannot accept 
aivj man; but when he cannot accept any man 
whatsoever, the notice need not be given. 

Among the proposals of our day, founded on 
the assumption that any is peculiarly adapted to 
negatives, is that of expressing the proposition 


) X IS Y 

/' by " Any x is not any 


No objec- 
tion could be taken to this, if the universal sense 

were expressly postulated: but when the pro- of 'the" removal, and from what' house, might be 
posil is based upon the assertion of its self-evi- 

old inhabitants remain to relate correctly to re- 
cent residents what they may have heard respect- 
ing Sir Isaac. 

A house, now called " Woolsthorp House," is 
pointed out as a residence of Sir Isaac's. Its 
present name is comparatively recent. It was 
brmerly called " Carmarthen House." But this 
now is certain, that whether Sir Isaac ever occu- 
pied that as a summer's retreat from St. Martin's, 
Leicester Square, or sat under the mulberry-tree 
in that garden or not, he did not die there. 

As Sir Isaac's remains were removed from Ken- 
sington, and laid in state in Jerusalem Chamber, 
Westminster, it was at an early period of this 
inquiry conjectured that some parochial account 

dent propriety, there is something to say agai: 
it. When a sentence is ambiguous, the' mi 

.'S the true sense, if thorp l»p nnn Vcw r 


true sense, if there be one. For ex- 
ample : " I thought this room was higher than it 

A room higher than it is would' 1 

) n 

-.- .._ difficult 
to find : so we always accept the phrase as mean- 
ing higher (in thought) than it is (in reality). 
Now letus take the proposition, " No fish is a 
fish," which we may deny. If we say, "Any fish 
is not any fish/' we can only deny when the uni- 
versality of the second any is noted : prior to 
which, the mind would go, for truth's sake, to the 
particular meaning. Surely any fish is not any 

found. Any such information from Mr. Hall, 
Vestry Clerk, whose father was vestry clerk be- 
fore him, and who had furnished many particu- 
lars to Faulkner, the historian of Kensington, or 


from the llev. Archdeacon Sinclair, could not be 
obtained. Mr. Hall, in looking over the 
in Pigott's Directory for Kensington for 1822, 
observed, that now almost all the names there 
given of the inhabitants were names of persons 
not only removed but dead ! It was then sup- 
posed that, as Sir Isaac's funeral was public, some 
other record might be got at. Mr. Banting was 
then applied to, who kindly undertook to make in- 
quiry at the office of the Lord Chamberlain ; but 

3'* S.I. Jan. 11, '62.] 




there were no records there, for although a pub- tary 

lie funeral, it was not made at government ex- 
pense. Mr. Banting made many other inquiries 
and researches, and at his suggestion, the Royal So- 
ciety, and also the Royal Astronomical Society were 
written to, and subsequently calls have been made. 

As it would be useless to enumerate all that has 
been done, where nothing satisfactory could be 
found, it will be better at once to relate those 
steps which have led to the discovery of "New- 
ton's Home in 1727 " as they have been de- 
veloped. It was thought that possibly some of 
the old inhabitants, however few may be remain- 
ing, might be able toXremember something that 
would elicit further inquiry. 

Having occasion to call on Mr. George Goodacre 
in Church Lane, who repairs broken china, glass, 
umbrellas, &c. &c, and seeing that he was aged, 
but by no means an old man, Mr. Goodacre was 
asked how long he had resided there ? He re- 
plied " thirty years, and that his wife was born in 
Kensington." He was then told that an effort 
was being made to ascertain where Sir Isaac New- 
ton died. Mr. Goodacre then said that he is a 
-descendant of a niece of Sir Isaac's ; that he had 
made inquiries respecting some property; and that 
a very old man of the name of " Jones," who was 
born, lived, and died in Kensington, had pointed 
out the house, now called " Bullingham House," 
as the house where his mother, or his grandmother, 
assisted to lay out Sir Isaac after his death. 

All this was confirmed by Mrs. Goodacre, who 
came in at the time ; and they stated that a son 
of this old person, " Jones, " is still living in 
Charles Street, Kensington ; whom, with his wife 
also, the inquirer has visited. They both fur- 
ther confirmed what their very aged relative had 
frequently said, respecting the laying out of Sir 

Isaac after his death, in the now " Bullingham 

The "Joneses" trace their connexion with 
Kensington for some one hundred and seventy 
years back. The ancestor " Jones" they refer 
to was gardener to a gentleman, and he took 
premises in High Street for his wife to sell fruit. 
In the Directory already referred to, the aged 
" Jones" is described as a builder and fruiterer ; 
and there^ are still several inhabitants who re- 
member him. 

Mrs. Jones, now in Charles Street, stated that 
her father was servant to Capt. Pitt, and travelled 
with him throughout England, Ireland, and Scot- 
land; and that she remembers some of the older 
branches of the Pitt family. 

Having got so much information outside, it was 
thought desirable to make inquiry of Miss Blair, 
who has resided some thirteen years in "Bulling- 
ham House." Although it was called " Bulling- 
ham House " before Miss Blaif became tenant, It 
had not that name when Mr. Saunders, the Secre- 

Great Western 

about twenty years ago. 
A house in Vicaraji 

was at some time before called 

Place, Church Street 


44 Bullingham 
When and how it was discontinued has 

are now divided. 


Miss Blair states that her late landlady Mrs 

Pitt, widow of 

Pitt, who had 




in the adjoining house, and continued to reside 
there for some years after Miss Blair became 
tenant of " Bullingham House," repeatedly stated 
that the now "Bullingham House" is the identical 
house where Sir Isaac Newton 
After Mrs. Pitt left, the adjoining house, where 
she had so long resided, received the name of 
44 Newton House," which has produced error and 
confusion. Mrs. Pitt recently died, at a great age, 
in Somersetshire. 

Miss Blair has a small flint or agate, with a 
white vein in it, that was found in the garden. 
It has been ground into a spherical form ; thus 
giving an appearance of Jupiter with a belt. A 
small plane at one part allows it to stand on a 
table, with the belt in a vertical position. It does 
not appear improbable that this spherical stone 
may not only have been Sir Isaac's, but also that 
it may have been of his own grinding. Sir Isaac 
not only ground glass, but he investigated the 
degrees of transparency of different substances; 
and flint or agate may have been included in his 
experiments. Such appear to be as likely sub- 
stances for such examinations as the transparency 
of " melted pitch " ! 

So much having been ascertained of the home 
of Newton, Mr. Downes, Photographer to Her 
Majesty, took a view of the front, and purposes 
to take others both inside and out. The house 
still remains, mostly in its ancient state. Next, 
ascertaining that the property is " copyhold," the 
inquirer called on Mr. Brown, Lady Holland's 
agent, who at once undertook to search the re- 

The name " Orbell " was suggested, 
which Mr. Brown ultimately found. Orbell died 
seven years after Sir Isaac (1734). Orbell 
had a daughter, who had become Mrs. Pitt. 
Mrs. Pitt was admitted tenant to five messuages, 
stables, &c. on payment of eighteen pence ! 

Mr. Brown observed the names "Newtin" and 
" Newtinet" in the records ; but as the object of 
the inquiry was accomplished in finding how 

the property passed from " Orbell" to "Pitt, 
which family has ever since retained it, and 
given the name "Pitt" to the adjoining street, 
further research was not for that purpose needed. 
Having thus identified Sir Isaac Newton's home 
in 1727, the next object was to consider, how to 
prevent the place being again lost sight of. This 
may very soon take place without some perma- 
nent record. 




[3 rd S. I. Jan. 11, 'G2. 

As copyhold can now be enfranchised, 
luable position as " Campden Hill," t 

such a 


tomb " in Doctor Johnson's Biography ; the gen- 
tleman with even less, — eighty years ago a Welsh 
judge, a humorist, and a small essayist, but still 
disinterrable from the dust of four octavo vo- 
lumes. My father, who died in 1815, a septuage- 
narian, told me a pleasant anecdote wherein they 
figured, as related to him by the lady herself; 
and, having now overlived his date by fourteen 

begin to think it should no longer be 

Let me premise 

years, I 

trusted to so frail a tradition. 

valuable position as •• Uampden Hill, the very 
best part of Kensington left for improvement 
will not be overlooked, so immediately connected 
as it is with the very inadequate and only opening 
between Notting Hill and Kensington High 

On the western front of Bullingham House is 

a long garden, adjoining another, and that by a 
third^ to the north. On the south side of the 
garden to Bullingham House is a wall ; the prin- 
cipal entrance being at the east end, and a return 
southward has a small door and Coach gates to the 
back yard past the side of the house. There 
are many old trees in these gardens. The north 
and west sides of the gardens referred to have 
been paved outside; but as the paving ceases ab- 
ruptly at the southwest corner, it was suggested 
that the parish should also pave from thence along 

the south wall past the entrances. This, after | of tea." Mr. Hardinge presented himself accord- 
having been viewed by the Committee of Works, 

Las been ordered to be done. ruptly, and a propos cle rien, asked her had she 

ever heard Milton read ? The Paradise Lost was 

that he knew both its actors, as he did most of the 
literati and ce of his time ; that he was an accom- 
plished scholar, and no mean poet. But to his 
story : 

One afternoon Miss Seward received a card, to 
the effect that Mr. Hardinge, in passing through 
Lichfield, desired to pay his respects to a lady so 
distinguished, &c. &c, which was as complimen- 
tarily acknowledged by an invitation to " a dish 


While the Committee were at the place, the 

ingly ; and, the souchong being removed, ab- 

words "Newton's Home, 1727," were shown to produced, and opened at a venture; the judge 
them ; but that, they appeared then to think, was jumped upon the table, and read some pages, not 
not for them, as a " Works Committee," to enter- to her astonishment only, but to her profound 

tain. However, Mr. Banting, who was one, said 
that he would find a stone. Subsequently the 
idea advanced, and the inquirer applied to the 
Vestry for permission for a memorial to Sir Isaac 
Newton to be placed against the Garden Wall of 
IJullinirham House. 

admiration. " Never," said Miss Seward to my 
father, " never before did I hear Milton read, 
and never since." As abruptly, her visitant closed 
the volume, descended from the table, made his 
bow, and without a word disappeared. 

But the story did not end here. The next 
morning a pacquet was transmitted to Miss Seward, 
enclosing an elaborate critique on the English 
opened every half century for examination, and to Homer, and with it a most delicate (life-size) pat- 
tern of a ladifs shoe, with a note attached — that 
Mr. Hardinge had imagined this to be the faithful 
model of Miss Seward's foot, and begged her to 

has been 

This having been granted, 
suggested that a chamber for 


posits should be formed underground, and to be 

report or make additions, as may then be thought 
desirable, to perpetuate Newton and his dis- 


Photographs of the front and other parts, on 
glass, burnt in and enamelled, have been suggested. 
Sir Isaac's town house may there also be thus 


A slate slab has been temporarily fixed against 
he garden wall, on which the design for the me- 
morial has been sketched. An effort will now be 
made to obtain the requisite assistance and sug- 
gestions, so as to have the memorial placed on 
the 20th March, 1862, — the anniversary of the 
day of the death of the great Sir Isaac Newton. 

This is a very brief statement of inquiries made 
and facts obtained up to this time. When the 
object is accomplished, it is hoped something more 
may be added for record in a subsequent paper. 

, r n m Joseph Jopling. 

V assail lerrace, Kensington, W. 

satisfy him of the correctness of his fancy. " Of 
mine I" exclaimed the poetess, disclosing to my 
father an inch or so of ankle, not exactly Cinderillan 
in its proportions. 

My tradition, if admitted into " N. & Q. " is 
likely to induce three questions — -Did my father 
relate it to me ? Did Miss Seward relate it to 
him? Did it occur as she related it? To the 
first of these I reply — yes, on my own personal 
credit; to the second — yes, on my trust in my 
father's veraciousness ; to the third, that I leave 
it with the readers of Jemmy Boswell. 

Old Mem. 


Celebrities in their day: the lady, with little 
vitality of her own, but consigned to "a lasting 


In the Groves, on the south western margin of 
St. John's churchyard, there is, or rather was, to 
be seen an ancient spring, called Jacob's Well. 
The water from this well had been for many years 
in great request hj both rich and poor, especially 

in time of cholera or other serious sickness. The 

2** S. I. Jan. 11, '62.] 



in the height of summer. 

late Rev. Chancellor Raikes had so high a regard 
for this spring that, many years before his death, 
he re-edified the well at his own expense, erecting 
an arch over the spring, and attaching a metal 
chain and spoon thereto for the convenience of 
visitors. By the way, we may fairly claim for the 
well that it was the first actual fountain erected 
in this neighbourhood since the revival of these 
popular institutions, jln November, 1854, the 
pood old Chancellor passed away to his rest, and 
Jacob's Well thereby lost its protector and friend. 
Sauntering past the spot some two or three 
months afterwards, I noticed that this favourite 
well was dry, and that the basin was filled up 
with rubbish. An old man, who seemed from his 
medals to be a Chelsea pensioner, was standing 
close by, and we fell into conversation. I asked, 
44 How came it to pass that the well was dry ? " 
44 Ah, Sir," said he, " there's a mystery about it I 
can't quite get over. I used daily, for years, to 
fetch water from thiswell for the gentry here- 
abouts, and I never knew the spring to fail even 

But you know, of 
course, that the Chancellor is dead, and that he 
spent a power of money in keeping up the well. 
Now, Sir, I tell you as a fact, that on the day the 
old gentleman was carried to his grave, I came 
here as usual to fetch water for my folks, when 
lo ! and behold ! Jacob's Well was dry ; and, more 
than that, it has been dry ever since, I give you 
my word, for I've been here many a time since on 
purpose to see ! I leave it to you, Sir, after what 
I've told you, to say how it came to pass : all I 
know is, it's a mystery to me, and to other sharper 
folks than me." The old man's experience rather 
puzzled me at the moment, but I have since un- 
riddled the mystery. It seems that when the well 
was restored by the late Chancellor, the artificial 
basin was raised several inches above the natural 
bed, for the convenience of the public, a cemented 
passage being formed for conducting the water. 
About the date of his death this channel got ra- 
dically out of order, and the spring fell away to 
its original level, finding an outlet elsewhere. Thus 
the visible well became useless and dry, while a 
shred of harmless folk lore has been manufactured 
in its stead. T. 



London Libraries.— Vol. xi. (2 nd S.) of N. & Q. 

contains some interesting notices of public Libraries 
in London and Westminster, among others of the 
Tenison Library, now sold and dispersed. The 
subjoined memorandum relates to the founding 
of that library, and presents a curious picture of 
the manners and wants of the time. It may also, 
by the contrast it affords to the present day, fur- 

nish some justification for the resolution taken 
by the Charity Commissioners with respect to Dr. 
Tenison's benefaction. It is an extract from the 
Vestry Book of St. Martin's- in- the-Fields in the 
year 1684. Dr. Tenison was then Vicar of St. 

" 1684. 27 March. D r Thomas Tenison, having con- 
sidered that in the Precinct of the Citty and Lib 1 * of 
Westminster there are great numbers of Ministers and 
other studious persons, and especially in the Parish of 
St. Martin's, where, besides the Vicar and his assistants, 
there are severall noblemen's Chaplains perpetually re- 

also that there is not in the said Precinct 

one shop of a Stationer fully fur- 



(as in London) a 

nished with books of various learning, or any noted 
Library excepting that of St. James (which belongs to 
His Maj tle and to which there is noe easy access), that of 
S r Robert Cotton which consisteth chiefly of books re- 
lating to the Antiquities of England, and the Library of 
the Deane and Chapter of St. Peter's Church in West- 
minster, which is (as the two other are) inconvenient 
for the use of the said Precinct by reason of its remote 
situation, Hath been inclined upon the above considera- 
tions (if his worthy friends the Gentlemen of the Vestry, 
and present Churchwardens approve of this designe), to 
erect a Fabrick for a Public Library for the use of the 
Students of the aforesaid Precinct." 

The Minute contains further details of the pro- 
posed building, and concludes by recording the 
approbation of the vestry, Francis Nichols. 

Early Editions or Jeremy Taylor's " Great 
Exemplar." — I find a statement, in an old book- 
seller's Catalogue, that Dibdin seems ignorant of 
any edition of this celebrated work earlier than 
that of 1703, and that he mentions Faithorne's 

plates as " very secondary specimens of art. 11 

There is much confusion elsewhere on thi 
point, but I can affirm, from copies in my library, 
that the first edition was printed in 4to, 1640, 
and the second (or first with plates) in 1653, in 
folio. These plates do not deserve Dibdin' s al- 
leged censure. Lord Orford speaks highly of the 
" title plate," and of that of the Annunciation, 

and praises all. 

Can any of your readers give a reference to 
the passage in Dibdin ? I do not find it in any of 

his Indexes.* 

The date of 1649 is important, as it confirms 
Bonney's opinion as to the greater part of this 
work being composed during the lifetime of Charles 
I. His death was on Jan. 30, 1648-9 ; and it is 
scarcely likely that a volume of such deep thought 
and elaborate argument, exceeding 600 4to pages, 
could have been composed and printed within 
the remainder of the year. Lancastriensis. 

New Word. — " To manufacture by machinery 
(to make by hand by machinery), is a contradic- 
tion in terms. As we have no word to express 
machine-made, I would suggest that machifactur 



* Vide Dibdin's Library Companion, p. 54, edit. 1824 




[3 r * S. I. Jan. 11, '62. 

facio), analogous 

to manufacture i be 

F. \V. Smith. 


Dublin Library. 

Pronunciation of Proper Names. — It has 

often been remarked that the ancient pronun- 
ciation of proper names is commonly retained in 
spite of all orthographical changes. Thus Castle 
Hedingham, in Essex, is now usually pronounced 
hu the Natives Heningham, which was the old way 
* W. J. D. 

In Mr. Dine ■ 

of spelling that name. 

St. Mary's Church, Utrecht. 
ley's MS. tour, I find this curious account of St. 
Mary's Church at Utrecht : — 

" The English church called St. Marie's hath one of its 
pillars built upon bull-hides, there being no other means 
to secure the foundation, by reason of the many springs, 
-which sunk it as soon as layd. The pillar hath this in- 
scription : — 

46 ' Accipe, Fosteritas, quod per tua saecula narres, 
Taurinis cutibus fundo solidata columna est. 5 

Belonging to this church is a library wherein, among 
other choice MSS., is one very ancient, viz. the Old 
and New Testament in seven volumes, wrote on skin3 of 
parchment in black and letters of gold, esteemed the 
liae>t manuscript in Europe. 

44 H»»re are also kept as rarities two Unicorn's horns ( ?) , 
an horn made of an Elephant's tooth hollowed, and several 
Pagan Idols presented to this church by Charles V. On 
the door in the inside of this library are these words writ- 
ten — 

" ' Pro Christi Laude libros lege postea Claude.' " 



I am anxious to obtain information about the 
family of Llewellin, and I hope I may find some 

of the 


lii'lp inc. Martin Llewellin is mentioned in the 
Alhemn O.ron., where he is said to have been the 
seventh son of Martin Llewellin, and that he was 
born 12 Dec. 1G1G. It also appears that lie died 
17th March, 1G81, and Avas buried in Great Wy- 
combe Church. In his epitaph the names of 
(Ji-orgc, Richard, Maurice, Martha and Maria 
occur. He wrote some laudatory lines on the 
death, in 1643, of Sir Bevil Grenville, which are 
engraved on the monument erected to his memory 
on Lansdown, near Bath. 

The name of Llewellyn, or Llewellin, is fre- 
quently found in the Wells City Records, as 
early as the sixteenth century. In 1550, Maurice 
Llewellin was one of the High Constables of 
H ell,-, and served the office of Mayor in 1553 and 

]rr 5 /r ri ln 155 T 3 , ho ™ s M.P. for the city. In 
1^)4 I nomas Llewellyn was admitted and sworn 
a • bur-ess " of Wells, and in 1572 he formed one 
of a deputation who waited on the then Bishop of 
Lath and Wells, in defence of the chartered rights 

of the city. Henry 

Wells, and by his i 


July, 1604 


founded one of the most valuable charities ex- 
isting in the city, which is now known as " Llew- 
ellyn's Almshouse." In his will he mentions the 
names of his father and mother (whose names 
were Thomas and Mary), and his brothers Martin 
and William, together with a sister Maria, wife of 

Three daughters of his sister 

William Moore. 

Mary are also named ; Elizabeth, who appears to 

have been then the wife of Cannington ; Brid- 





I Mrs. Beau- 
The testator 

made his brother-in-law, Wm. Moore, his ex- 
ecutor, and John Lund and Edmund Bower, over- 
seers of his will. He died in July, 1614, and was 
buried, on the 26th of that month, in the north 
aisle of the chancel of St. Cuthbert's Church, 
Wells, where his monument still remains, in which 
is represented a kneeling figure, clothed in the 
" trunk-hose" of the period. 

David Llewellyn (alias Lewce) practised as a 
surgeon at Castle- Cary, Somerset, and was buried 
there 5th May, 1605, having left 10Z. by his will 
for the use of the poor there. In 1608 there is 
recorded, in the proceedings of the Corporation 
of Wells, the receipt cf 10Z. for the poor of Wells 
from Richard Llewellyn (alias Lewce) of New- 
port, co. Southampton, being a gift by his father, 
the said David Llewellyn, of Castle Cary. 

In 1604, there is a notice, in the Corporate 
Records, of a suit at law, and a decree against 
Henry Llewellyn, brother-in-law and adminis- 
trator of David Cerney, for the recovery of 10/. 
given to poor infants of Wells by Dr. Philip 


^ In 1632, a Bill in Chancery was filed by Mau- 
rice and Martin Llewellyn, against the Corpora- 
tion of Wells, respecting the money left to the 
poor of Wells by Henry Llewellin, as before no- 



Anonymous. — 1 . Can any of your Irish readers 
inform me who was Editor of The Dublin Literary 
Gazette, 1830, printed by J. S. Folds, 56, Great 
Strand Street, Dublin? 2. Who is author of 
Tlorce Gcrmamcce, translations from the poetry of 
Germany, which appeared in this periodical, by 

; Rosencran 


a dramatic legend, Stamford, 1838, 8vo ? 4. Also, 

of The Deposition, a drama, 

This piece was published at the time Ho 

Edinburgh, 1757? 


stage. L 






me who is author of a curious and scarce drama- 

3 rd S. I. Jan. 11, '62.] 



tic piece entitled Jack and Sue, printed at Paisley 
about the beginning of this century ? 5. Wm. 
Jlussel, Batchelor of Music, organist of the Found- 
ling Hospital, who died in 1813, is the musical 
composer of two oratorios — The Redemption of 
Israel and Job. Who is the author or compiler 
of the words of these oratorios, and when were 
they performed ? 

Authorship of MS. wished. 

R. Inglis. 

Among numer- 

inJ1706, became Cursitor Baron in 1729, and died 
in 1735.^ 

Any information as to his lineage and de- 
scendants will be gratefully received by 

Edward Foss. 

Cerigotto.— In the life of the late Professor 
Edward Forbes, it is mentioned that, having 
heard that the island of Cerigotto was slowly 
rising from the sea, he paid it a visit, and finding 
evidence that such was the case, he cut a deep 
score in the face of the rock and date 1841, at 
eleven feet above the # then water-line. Can any 

has made any appreciable upward movement since 
that time, now over twenty years ? 

ous similar MSS. in my library, I possess a thick 
quarto (pp. xxxii. 532) in a remarkably distinct 

and beautiful style of caligraphy, which bears this „ , . ,. - f , ., % 

title, "Heart Treasure, or the Saints' Divine ! ? f A 0U ^/ eader8 inf ? r S. me w K etber the island 
Riches: being in small Tracts on II. Peter i. 1, 
4 and 10." v ," An Epistle Prefatory " is dated No- 
vember 7th, 1684." The following are the sub- 
titles of the separate tracts — (1.) "The Excel- 
lency of Believing, or the Riches of Faith ; " (2.) 
" The Worth of God's Word, or the Riches of the 
Promises ; " (3.) " The Believer's Great Prize, or 
the Riches of Assurance." Can any reader in- 
form me whether any such book has been pub- 
lished ? ~No name occurs throughout. 

Coney Family. 

Carl B. 

Thomas Coney, of Basing- 



Will some of your correspondents kindly in- 
form me who were the father and mother of this 
gentleman ? I take him to have been the nephew 
of Colonel John Birch, the eminent Parliamentary 
Commander, who was High Steward of Hereford 
in 1645, and elected to represent the borough of 
Leominster in the Long Parliament in 1646 ; 
from which he was excluded in 1648 for voting 
" That the king's answers to the propositions of 

thorpe, Lincolnshire, built the manor-house there 
in 1568. Wm. Coney, a Captain of a man-of- 
war in Queen Anne's service (son of Edward 
Coney, Esq., of South Luffenham, Rutland) was 
a descendant. He married Katherine, daughter 
of Thomas Pleydell, of Midgehill, Wilts. Any ac- 
count of the posterity of Wm. Coney and Kathe- 
rine Pleydell, or the present representatives, will 
be acceptable to 

Newland, Lincoln. 

John Ross. 


Houses „ w 


He of 


three parliaments of 

_ 'ouna ior peace 
course was not one of Cromwell's Barebone's Par- 
liament, but was member of every other during 
the Interregnum, either for the city of Hereford, 
or for Leominster. For the latter he was re- 
turned to the Convention Parliament of 1660; 

Charles II. 

ment _ J7 ^ 7 wv ^^ 

represent till his'death'in 1691. I conclude he 
left no issue, because Anthony Wood tells us that 
his nephew threatened to bring an action against 
the Bishop of Hereford for defacing the inscrip- 
tion on his monument, which was thought to 

and again in the Convention Parlia- 

contain words « not right for the church institu- | loveliness of the 

Dwelling near the Rose. — Whence comes 

the passage frequently quoted, to the effect that 
the speaker, although " not the rose, has lived be- 
side the rose " ? 

There is an expression resembling it in the 
Mocaddamah, or introduction to the Gulistan of 
Sadi ; where, alluding to the patronage which the 
poet had received from the sovereign, he illus- 
trates its influence on his verses by the incident 
of his having been handed in the bath a piece of 
scented clay, which he thus apostrophised : " Art 
thou ambergris or musk, for I am charmed with 
thy grateful odour ? " and it replied, " I was a 
worthless piece of clay, but for a while associated 
with the rose ; thence I partook of the sweetness of 

my companion, but otherwise I am the vile earth 
I seem." 

There is a somewhat similar sentence in the 
47th Apologue of the 11th chapter, where the 
grass, with which a bouquet of roses had been 
tied, is made to say — " Though I have not the 

rose, am I not 

grass from 


garden where it grew ! " But neither of these 
passages is quite parallel with the verse so often 

alluded to. 

J. E. T. 

tion."— (Whitelocke's Memorials, 184 ; Pari H 
iii. 1428 ; Wood's ^. Ozon., Life, cxviii.) 

This nephew, I imagine, was the Cursitor Baron, 
because he was elected Member for Weobly in the 
Colonel's place, and though that election was de- IIendrik en Alida. — The newspapers have 
clared to be void, he afterwards represented that been discussing the case of the Hendrik en Alida, 
borough for a long continuance of years. He 


bound from Amster- 

expelled the House 

in 1732, for some corrupt : dam to St. Eustatia, which was captured by one 
dealing as a Commissioner for the sale of the ! of our cruisers in 1777. 
Forfeited Estates. He took the degree of Serieant In SewelFs Dutch D 

the Dutch for 




[3rd g # i. j ANt n 9 , 62m 

Alice is said to be Adelaide, Alida. Is this a cor- 
rect interpretation of the proper name Alida ? L. 

Heraldic Query. — Whose are the following 
arms, which I saw some years ago emblazoned on 

the panel of a carriage ? 

Parted per pale, dexter, gules, three horses' 
heads argent ; sinister, gules, an eagle displayed 
or ; on a chief or, three mullets (?) argent. Crest. 
A crown (not a coronet). Motto. Virtutis gloria 





In what sense was this word 

a " messuage, 

used in the beginning of the seventeenth century? 
Was it then synonymous with yeoman ? Or in 
what way did the two terms differ ? In a Lan- 
cashire will, dated 1621, I find the testator styled 
Husbandman, bequeathing property consisting of 

tenement, and freehold." jSTow-a- 
days, the word husbandman, if used at all, is em- 
ployed in the sense oHabourer, — one not possessed 
of real property, who works for a landowner. 
The Rev. Mr. Piccope, so well versed in all that 
relates to Lancashire and Cheshire wills, could no 
doubt resolve my Query. J. 

Samuel Johnson, LL.D. — In the copy of the 

Gentleman s Magazine (vol. vi. p. 360) 


g word 



" The decree of LL.D. was conferred on Samuel John- 
son by the University of Dublin, which the ill-mannered 
savage never condescended to acknowledge." 

In what year was this degree conferred ? 

The Laugh of a Child. 

" I love it, I love it ; the laugh of a child, 
Now rippling and gentle, now merry and wild; 
Kinging out in the air with its innocent gush, 
Like the thrill of a bird at the twilight's soft hush, 
floating up in the breeze like the tones of a bell, 
Or the music that dwells in the heart of a shell; 
Oh ! the laugh of a child, so wild and so free, 
Is the merriest sound in the world for me." 

Some years 
lady's album; but whether or not there „^ c 
more stanzas, I cannot say. Who is the author ? 
and where can I put my hands on the poem in 

CXtCHSO ? - l 

ago I copied the above from a 


George Lloyd. 
Li..em> of the Beech Tree. -In a little 
Danish poem of P. M. Moller, «De Gamle Eis- 
ner the speaker likens his early love, 
widow, to a beech tree after rains in autumn, 

now a 

hiding in its bosom a corpse : 

" Dit Hoved ligner en Bog i Host 
Liter licgn og Bhest, 
Du dolgcr et Liig af dit vndigc Bryst 
Med en sort Modest." 

to whi!d, re tr ny n r° rthern l & en * oftlie beech-tree 

view f h rC , f , rS \ 0r ls ifc raerel y * ^nciful 
^cn of the smooth, white round trunk, enveloped 

by the dark (hick foliage ? ' Met! 

William Lithgow's Poems. — At present en- 
gaged in collecting the various poems (published 
and unpublished) by the celebrated traveller 
William Lithgow, I am anxious to discover if 
there be any others than those which I have al- 
ready procured, viz. : 

1. " The Pilgrime's Farewell to his Native Country of 
Scotland, 1618." 

2. " Scotland's Teares in his Countreye's behalf, 1625." 

3. " Scotland's Welcome to King Charles, 1633." 

4. " The Gushing Tears of Godly Sorrow, 1640." 

5. " Scotland's Parajnesis to King Charles the Second, 

I shall be obliged by any of your numerous 
correspondents informing me if there be in any of 
the public libraries copies of his Poems in manu- 
script or print ? Also, if there be any publica- 
tions of his time which contain Introductory or 
Laudatory Poems by him — a practice which was 

Such, may exist, 
although I have not been able to lay my hands 
upon them. j. A. S. 


Men Kissing each other in the Streets. 
In turning over the leaves of the 3rd volume of 
my Diary, I find the following extract from Eve- 
lyn's Diary and 

In his letter to Mrs. Owen he informs her 

" Sir J. Shaw did us t\iQ honor of a visit on Thursday 
last, when it was not my hap to be at home, for which I 
was very sorry. I met him since casually in London, 
and kissed him there unfeignedly. 

Was the practice of men kissing each other in 
the streets prevalent in England in 1680 ?* 

very common in those days ? 

Correspondence, vol. iv. p. 43. 


Larch field, Darlington. 

Fr. Mewburn. 


I possess 

a large line engraving of a sea fight, with the sig- 
nature in Roman letters, 

SCVLPTOR. 1538." 

In the right-hand corner appears to have been 
another inscription now cut away with the ex- 
ception of the upper part of two letters in script, 
A, or possibly a script M. It is a very crowded 
scene. Low down, towards the left, are two 
figures struggling, one having fallen on his back, 
and each having two or more fingers in his an- 
tagonisfs mouth. A third figure higher up re- 
peats the same savage incident. Some of the 
combatants wear Phrygian helmets, so that it pro- 
bably represents some incident in one of the 
Punic Avars, but I should be glad to know some- 
thing of its subject and history. In the fore- 
ground is a river or sea-god, and sea-horses are 
sprawling around. J. San. 

Pius IX., Acts of Pontificate of. — I find 
by an entry in Battersby's Catholic Register for 

[* See " N. & Q." 1st S. x. 126, 208.] 

3 rJ S. I. Jan. 11, '62.] 



1856, that 
tifical Gov 


f the Pontificate of Pius IX. under the 

title of Pontificis Maximi Acta. I will feel grate- 
ful to any reader of " N. & Q." who will give me 
some information respecting this publication, 
its price, size, number of vols, or parts already 
issued, and the precise period from which it dates, 
and whether the first division, which contains the 
Letters Apostolical, allocutions, &c. has any docu- 
ments connected with the Irish branch of the 
Church of Rome, and more especially any con- 
nected with the Synod of Thurles (1850), or 

Catholic S) 


Aiken Irvine. 

Sham Heraldry. — Will any one tell me what 
called forth a caricature which has lately come 
under my notice, entitled, "A New Coate of 

Arms granted to the H . . ds of the U y 

of C e since their late Edict against 

Dinners " ? The sheet displays an engraving de- 
scribed as follows : 

" Arms, quarterly : first, azure, a mitre and fool's cap 
transverse ways ; second, sable, an Inn shut up; third, 
gules, Caput Universale, or an ass's head proper; 
fourth, argent, a book entitled Excerpta e Statuis ; sup- 
porters, two cooks weeping ; crest, a hand holding a roll 
of paper j motto, Impransi Juvenes Disquirite." 

The roll in the hand (which together form the 

crest) is inscribed " Capitale Judicium," and the 

two pages of the open volume on the fourth 

quarter contain the following attempt at a calen- 
dar : 

" Moveable Feasts. 

Anniversary of Eton College. 

,, of True Blue. 
St. David's Day. 

Scholars' Club/ 

Immoveable Feasts. 

Trinity Sunday. 
Johnny Port Latin 
Founder's Day. 
Masters' Club." 

The date of publication is February 14th, 


St. S 

Tarnished Silver Coins. — I have some silver 
coins of the last century, which are discoloured 
or stained from having been shut up in a drawer, 
excluded from the light and air. How can I clean 
them without damaging the impressions, and yet 
avoid polishing them or making them bright? 

Tenants in Socage. 

Obscurus Fio. 
Has it ever struck any 

of our antiquaries that " tenants in socage," "soke- 
men," &c, derive their name and title from being 
holders of enclosed lands, surrounded by a hedge 
r,f rtn Wfl 9 uQ,wA » j s the Hebrew for a hedge, 

of thorns ? 


and it comes from the same root as thorns. (See 
Gesenius, p. 789 a). I put forth this Query in 
the hope that accomplished Hebrew scholars 
amongst us will be led to help in a track, the ob- 
ject of which is " the identification of some of the 
lost tribes of Israel in the British people." 

Again: can any say who ftie god Shemir, or 
Husi the protector, is ? He will be found entered 
on the slab brought by Mr. Layard from Nineveh, 
in the British Museum. The tribes who wor- 
shipped him as Husi the protector, lived in the 
neighbourhood of the Upper Euphrates. (See the 
same slab !) 

Can we not identify Husi with Hosea or Saviour; 
and were not the Hosa, Hoesse, Huse, or Hussey 
race, a noble Norman tribe, descended from the 
worshippers of the god Husi, the protector ? 

Hebrew scholars will be able to identify the 
god Shemir, Shamir, or Shomer with another 
northern idol, called in Alien f s Father Land, 5th 
edition (Copenhagen), the " Beskytter," protector 
or deliverer = the beloved Thor, the Saviour of 
the people, and destroyer of the Midgard Ser- 
pent! Senex. 

Mr. Turbulent. — To what member of George 

III/s court or household does Madame D'Arblay 

refer, whei\she speaks of " Mr. Turbulent" ? 

Cuthbert Bede. 

Sir William We 



a horse covered with black cloth, and carrying 
the Prince's " cheiffron and plumes," immediately 
in rear of Viscount Lisle, who bore the banner of 
the Principality of Wales, Who was Sir William 
Webbe, an 


f ofM 

T. Hughes. 


Thomas White, Esq. — The following is tran- 
scribed from the original warrant : 

" Wells, \ Memd. In p'rsuance of an Act of Parliam*. 
Burg. J intituled An Act for the Well governinge and 
regulatinge of Corporacons — Wee have displaced Tho- 
mas White, Esq r from beinge Recorder of the City of 
Wells ; and in his roome and steed have placed and sett 
John Lord Poulett, Baron of Ilinton St. George, Recorder 
of ve City, w'ch Ellecon and choyce wee the said Com- 
iss'r3 Doe ratifie and confirme and allow by these pr'sents. 
In wittness whereof wee have hereunto sett o'r hands 
and seales. Geaven the xv th day of October in the xiiij th 
yere of the Raigne of o'r Soveraigne Lord Kinge Charles 
the Second of England, &c. 16G2. 

Hugh Smyth. 
Will. Wyndham. 
George Norton. 

John Warre. 

E. Phelipps. 
George Stawell. 
E. Phelipps, ju r ." 

Memd. The day and yere above-named Lord Poulett 
toke the oathes meilconed in the said Act, and subscribed 

the declaracon in the presence of 

E. Phelipps. 
George Norton 
George Stawell. 

The seven Commissioners who subscribed the 

warrant were all gentlemen of the county: 

H- B 




Ashton : Sir "William 

Wyndham ; Sir George Norton, of Abbot's Leigh ; 

Sir John Warre, of Hestercombe ; Sir Edward 




Montacute; Sir George Stowell 

Ham ; and Edw d Phelipps, jun., Esq 

I am anxious to obtain some further informa- 
tion of Thomas White, the Recorder^ who no 
doubt obtained the office 
wealth. According to Browne Willis's Notitia 

Parliamentarian he was ma 

the death of Sir Lislebone Long, Speaker of 

during the Common- 


Cromwell's Parliament. 


Willets Synopsis Papismi.-— I possess an 
edition of this work, " Imprinted by Felix King- 
ston for Thomas Man, dwelling in Paternoster 
Row, at the signe of the Talbot, 1G00;" and 
stated in the title-page to be " now this third 
time pervsed and published by the former author, 
&c." What are the dates of the two former 

editions ?* 

If not out of place, I would also ask your 
worthy correspondent Sexagenarius (see 2 nd S. 
xii. 258) in what respect Dr. Cumming's edition 
of this book is an " atrocious modern reprint " ? I 


A crabbed 

title-page of my copy : 


Book. An Inquiry, or Delicate Investigation into the 
Conduct .... the Four Special Commissioners," &c. 
After M Wigmore Street," follows " Reprinted and Sold by 
jtf. Jones, 5, Newgate Street, 1813." In the same year 
also appeared " Edwards's Genuine Edition. * The Book ! ' 
or the Proceedings and Correspondence upon the subject 
of the Inquiry into the Conduct of Her Royal Highness 
the Princess of Wales, under a Commission appointed by 
the King in the year 1806 : faithfully copied from au- 
thentic documents. To which is prefixed: A Narrative 
of the Recent Events that have led to the publication of 
the original Documents, with a Statement of Facts rela- 
tive to the Child, now under the protection of Her Royal 
Highness. Second Edition. London: Printed by and 
for Richard Edwards, Crane Court, Fleet Street, and sold 
by all booksellers in the United Kingdom, 1813," 8vo. 
In the "Advertisement" prefixed, it is stated "This 
being the only means by which a fair and impartial 
judgment can be formed upon the ' Delicate Investiga- 
tion ' — the publisher conceives that he is merely per- 
forming an act of justice in delivering to the world a 
genuine and unmutilated copy of the suppressed book, as 
it was printed by him in the year 1807, under the direc- 
tion of the late Mr. Perceval." This " Advertisement " 
is dated "Crane Court, Fleet Street, March 19, 1813. 
For a notice of the original work by Spencer Perceval see 
his Life and Administration, by Charles Verulam Wil- 
liams, pp. 316—328.] 


Isabella Whitney. — Are any particulars 

known of this lady, who appears to have lived in 

"Hie liber auro contra, et si quid'auro pretiosius, the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and to have written 

several poems ? I do not find her name in Ritson's 

baud carus." 

George Lloyd. Bibliotheca Poetica. 

<h\xtxiti tottf) 8n*u3cr£. 

The Trial or the Princess or Wales : "A 

G. A. B. 

[Isabella Whitney's principal work is entitled "A 

Sweet Nosy ay, or Pleasant JPosye ; containing a hun- 
dred and ten Phylosophicall Flowers," &c. [1573?]. The 
_ _ __ _ _ „ only copy, we believe, known of this work, is the one 

Delicate Investigation.' 7 — The late Mr. Whit- j lfl in ? h '' ^"S^t's Collection; see his Catalogue, No. 

i l i. i l • i • l • .i tt n n 002% where it is stated, that " this volume is probablv 

bread stated in his place in the House of Com- • imique> as it has escaped the notice of all ur poetical 
mons m 1812, that this book was suppressed | antiquaries, nor is the name of the authoress mentioned 
immediately on publication, and bought up at 
an immense expense, some holders receiving 500/., 

and some as high as *2000/. for their 




by bibliographers, although it appears that she had 
written a previous work, of which an account is given 
in The Restitida, i. 234. She was probably of the family 
of Whitney of Cheshire ; as, at the end of the Dedica- 
tion to George Manwairing, she subscribes ' Your wel- 
willyng Countri woman, Is. YVV After the Nosgay fol- 
low Familyar and friendly Epistles by the Auctor, with 
Replyes, all inverse. The volume extends to e viii. : 

128, 1852, that he was present when the sum of ; 
500/. was paid for a copy, by an ollicer high in ! 
the service of the then government. ° i 

There is another book, a copy of which lies the last P oem is ' Tlie Auctors (feyned) Testament be- 
n .• i . . i f ore } ier departyng,' in which is described the several 

professions and trades of London (to whom they are be- 
queathed), mentioning the localities in which they are 

before me, entitled 

"The Genuine Book, an Inquiry into the conduct of 
II. K. II. I he Princess of Wales, before Lords Erskine, 
Spencer, Givnville, and Kllenborough, Commissioners of 
Inquiry, appointed by his Majesty in the year 1800. 
Keprinted from an authentic Copy, superintended through 
the Press by the lit. Hon. Spencer Perceval. London: 
I rinted by P. Edwards, Craven Court, Fleet Street, and 
published by \\ . Lindsell, Wigmore Street, 1813 " 




me by an- 


MS. Dramas. 

swering the following inquiries ? 

1. I have a Sale Catalogue of Messrs. Puttick 
and Simpson, 47, Leicester Square. This sale of 


of the Delicate Investigation ? D E 

w-5i W ° ha T C before . us another ropy of the same work, 
with a snght variation in the title-page: "The Genuine 

Does this latter work contain the whole matter ; ^ooks anc * MSS. contained a collection of upward 

°f 200 MS. dramas, which were forwarded to 
Drury Lane in Sheridan's time. 

Mr. Patmore, in his My Friends and Acquaint- 
ances, devotes upwards of 70 pages to a notice of 
these MSS., and an interesting article relating to 
them appeared in Frasers Magazine about two 

.* V I /°^ n(les . notice * two previous editions 
Lon<I. lo— , 4 to. Lond. 1594, 4to."l 

as follows : 

vears a<?o. 



&a s. I. Jan. 11, '62.] 



Messrs. Puttick and Simpson's sale took 

July 22, 1861, 
Can vou inform 


*•"— - -■ o j — 

who was the purchaser of 



the MS. Dramas were put up at 100/. and apparently- 
bought in for want of an advance upon that sum. A 
note to the auctioneers will doubtless procure the exact 
information required.] 

Khevenhuller Volunteers. — These are men- 

tioned in an Epilogue 

Mrs. Woffi 


lishedin 1749: 

History of 

" Thus, in my country's cause, I now appear 
A bold smart Khevenhuller volunteer." 

What is the allusion ? Khevenhuller hats are, I 
believe, spoken of by some writers of this period. 

[The Khevenhuller Volunteers probably derived their 
name from Field Marshal Ludwig Andreas Khevenhuller, 
a distinguished leader and tactician, who served under 
Prince Eugene of Savoy, as commander of a regiment of 
cavalry, and who in the course of his military career ren- 
dered such important services to Austria that Maria The- 
resa, on hearing of his* death, exclaimed, " I lose in him a 
faithful subject, and a defender whom God alone can ade- 
quately recompense." (Born 1683, died 1744.) He wrote 
Instructions for Cavalry, and also for Infantry.] 


Will you kindly 

refer me to any biographical particulars of the 



ter of Foreign Books, and Author of the Monthly 



1748), and died (as recorded in Exshaws Ma 


671) 23rd No 

Dublin, vol. ii. pp. 270 

error as to the date of his death. 


but is slightly in 


[Droz's Literary Journal was continued at least as far 
as June, 1749, which is now before us. In Warburton's 
History of Dublin, ii. 841, it is stated, that it was con- 
tinued after the death of Mr. Droz by the Rev. Mr. Des- 
veaux, and contained a view of the state of learning in 
Europe. Mr. Droz kept a book shop on College Green, 
and exercised his clerical functions on the Lord's Day.] 



(2 nd S. xii. 397.) 

I have examined the prison books kept in 
Aylesbury Jail, and I find in them the following 
entries referring to the convict, erroneously called 
Ayres by Lord Nugent, and known by tradition 
in this place as Jemmy the Gypsy. These ex- 
tracts, with a quotation from the Calendar of the 


Assize of 1795, satisfactorily 
remarkable features of the case 


" James Eyres, a gypsy, age 73, 5 feet 4 inches high, 
complexion swarthy. Committed December, 1794, by the 
Rev. Ed. Wodley, for sheepstealing. Respited during 
pleasure. A free pardon 17th Dec. 1803." 



was condemned " to be hanged by the neck M for 
sheepstealing. I have frequently heard Lord 
Nugent tell the story as it is quoted by your 
correspondent T. B., and he, no doubt, went to 
press without verifying his anecdote by reference 
to existing official documents ; the attesting wit- 
nesses, since deceased, must also have given their 
testimony without refreshing their memories at 
the same authentic sources. The under-sheriff 
alluded to by Lord Nugent was my maternal 
grandfather, Acton Chaplin, then Clerk of the 
Peace for Bucks, who died in 1814. I have been 
told that he employed the respited convict in his 
farm and garden. As Jemmy was a very clever 
fellow and a good fiddler he became a favourite, 
and was allowed to appear as musician at Mr. 
Chaplin's harvest homes, and sometimes in his 
kitchen. If T. B. will inquire into the treatment 
of respited convicts at the end of the last century 
and beginning of this, he will find that the liberty 
enjoyed by James Eyres was, at that date, by no 

means extraordinary. 

Acton Tindal, 

Clerk of the Peace for Bucks. 

Manor House, Aylesbury. 

The story told by Lord Nugent respecting a 
convict named James Ayres, sentenced to death at 
the Spring Assizes, 1802, for Buckinghamshire, 
implies an extraordinary laxity of practice ; but 
as all the particulars are given, the anecdote 
admits of verification. The Hertfordshire case 
mentioned by W. B. is stated to have occurred 
" several years ago ;" and, therefore, probably ad- 
mits of easier verification than the Bucks case. 
The name of the convict, and the date of his con- 
viction, are not however stated. It may be re- 
marked that the story turns upon the supposition 
that a convict is not hanged until the warrant for 
his execution is received : his execution is stated 
to have been delayed because the warrant did not 
arrive at the expected time ; but took place as 
soon as the warrant " came down" ; z. e. apparently 
from the Secretary of State's Office. Now the 
existence of such a document as a warrant from 
the crown, or the Secretary of State, for the exe- 
cution of a criminal, is a popular error. No such 
authority is required by law, or is ever given. 
After the verdict of guilty by the jury, the judge 
passes sentence of death, but without fixing the 
time or place of the execution. A record of the 
sentence is made by the officer of the court, and 



[3'd S. I. Jan. 11, '62. 


development, was to bruise the serpent's head. 
In support of this view, he reproduces the well- 

it becomes thereupon the duty of the sheriff to 

carry it into execution. The sheriff fixes a day, 

within the term allowed by law, and make* tlie 

nnnp^iirv arrangements for'the capital execution, . _ . 

iMSdli carry into effect; unless the \ who, under the form of a serpent, is gradually 

which he is pouna to car ry i no <- ; , wa •__. - t : nto i fe . but the picture has done 

egg en- 

known representation of the Phoenician 

circled in the genial folds of the agathodcemon, 



respites the prisoner, or mitigates the warming it into life ; 


service in so many ways before, that for my own 

A case similar to that quoted by W. B. appeared 


that dogs the footsteps of Theory, but seldom or 


interesting discussion on respites, reprieves, and 
44 warrant's for execution," exposing some popular 

See General Index, " Executions De- 



feried," v. 422, &c. &c. 


never goes before it. 

now, perhaps, you 

conjecture of a ~ — 
u weariness of the flesh 

Philosophies, is 
nothing: but his Bible, 

will bear with the 

sexagenarian, who, after much 

of the flesh " in studying the Old 

settling down to the belief in 

that these ostrich-eggs 

in our eastern churches are suspended with no 
higher purpose than to overawe the vulgar, and 
produce a wholesome dread of the priesthood and 
their " lying wonders," for thereby, no doubt, 
hangs many a tale ; just as in our own country it 
The egg was undoubtedly regarded as a symbol was c usua l to exhibit the huge fossil bones of our 
by the old .Mystics,— sometimes of our mundane ex tinct mammals, and call them relics of S. Chris- 
system, and sometimes of the earth only, properly , topher, as well as other objects calculated to as- 
so called. In the first case the yolk wassupposed | toun(1 tlie masseSi to say nothing of the "latten" 
to represent our world; the white its circumam- 
bient firmament, or atmosphere ; and the shell 

(2 nd S. xii. 393.) 

the solid 4i crystalline sphere" in which the stars 
were set. In the latter case the idea had refer- 
ence to the seminal principle residing in the Qgg } 
which likened it to the chaos of our early cosmo- 
gonists, 4i containing the seeds of all things." This 

shoulder-blade of Chaucer, his "pigges* bones," or 
those of the eleven thousand virgins whose " chil- 
dren" (!) were so pathetically invoked by O'Connell 
to avenge the cruel wrongs of " Ould Ireland !" 

Douglas Allport. 

opinion appears to have originated in one of those The Arabian geni cried out against Aladdin, 
distorted refractions of inspired truth so common | who, in the demand for a roc's egg^ had required 
in our ancient mythologies, in the Mosaic narra- 


him to bring his master* 

The mystery of Islam is far older than Ma- 

as " moving" (or, according to our best critics, as | hommed, and in the gigantic egg^ where the 

41 brooding ") over the waters of the great deep, ostrich substitutes some extinct dinornis, it re- 

;ls a bird over her eggs, to brine; forth and deve- cognises the origination of Eastern science in the 

op the latent life. Milton, himself no mean au- initiation of architecture and its locality, 
thority, so understands the passage, 

"Dove-like, sat'st brooding o'er tlie vast abvss;" 

and the notion appears so thoroughly to have per- largely Pagan. 
meated the pantheistic creed of Egypt, that all 

This is all that may be told. Other explana- 
tions are secondary : and oriental Christianity is 


their temples — roof, walks, and portico — teem 
with representations of wings in every expressive 
attitude—outspread, cowering, brooding, fanning, 
or protecting; so that the prophet might well 
speak of this country as "the land shadowing 

with wings' 1 (Isaiah xviii. 1). 

Under this view there would bo a very striking 

analogy between the ark and this crude, 

fashioned earth, 



(2 nd S. xii. 28, 398.) 

Although the following may not quite settle the 
question, perhaps it may assist Meta. In every 
house, rich and poor, in Ireland, at least in my 

country some years ago, 
extent, I found an iron, 

wanderings about that 
which were to a lar<re 


both containing " the rudi- : either cast or wrought, utensil, called a "gris- 

ments of the future world. 1 # 

at all unlikely that the egg may have symbolised 
both. But if there m 


any symbolism m 
matter referred to by Ciiurciidown, of which I 
have grave doubts, I think he had better adopt 
the theory of Dr. Lamb {Hebrew Characters de- 

It is, therefore, not ling," or "grisset," an indispensable article in the 

kitchen. The best description I can give of it 

the (without a cut, or illustration) 


An oblong 

of ten or twelve inches, and four or five 
inches girth, if cut in two, lengthwise, and then 


scooped out, with a handle placed in the centre, 
the egg typified and three feet, such as described bv Meta. — if 

tut promised Messiah, tlie Seed that, in its full j anyone can comprehend this crude description, it 

3' J S. I. Jan. 11, '62.] 



will represent the " grisset ." It is used for 
melting butter, making sauce, and a hundred 
other purposes, for which it is most appropriate, 
I often imagined it derived its Hibernian appel- 
lation from the greasy uses to which it is turned. 


article alluded to by Met a ? 



In connection with the words " geotan," " gyde," 
and "zete," should be mentioned the technical 
word "git/ 1 in daily use among iron-founders, 
and signifying the channel through which the 
melted metal runs to the mould. 1 have heard 
its derivation ascribed to the Old English " gate/ 1 
as applied to the "track" of an animal, but think 
it may be far more plausibly connected with the 
present series of words. J. Eliot Hodgkin. 

West Derby. 

The round iron pot with a bow handle and 
three short feet is in general use in almost every 
farm-house and labourer's cottage in North Der- 
byshire, and is called a meslin, or maslin-pot ; it 
is generally used for mixing and boiling porridge 
in ; the smaller ones for the family, the larger 
ones for pigs or calves. The etymology of the 
word is probably from the French meter, to 
mingle, or. mix. Getlin or Yetlin of your cor- 
respondent Meta is most probably a corruption 
of the more correct meslin. 


I have seen the following in a Lancashire in- 

ventory of 1636 among other kitchen goods : 

" 1 posnet and 1 great pann." 

P. P 

(2 nd S. xii. 383.) 
The question raised by J. O. in regard to the 

date of the first 


and Translations, by James Beattie, A.M., is a 
somewhat difficult and perplexing one. Alex- 
ander Bower, the earliest and most interesting of 
the biographers of Dr. Beattie, writing in 1804, 

A m r W * m\ V» mm m% * .a mm -I _ & a 

says : 


acknowledgment. From his pages I quote the 
following advertisements, which are sufficiently 
curious to merit a place in the columns of " N. 
& Q." They appeared originally in the Aberdeen 
Journal : 

"13th March, 17G0. This day are published, and to 
be had at the booksellers' shops, proposals for printing 
by subscription, in an octavo volume, with an elegant 
type and fine paper, original poems and translations by 
J. Beattie, M.A. Subscriptions will be taken in by all 
the booksellers in Edinburgh and Aberdeen, and by 
Charles Thomson in Montrose." 

A second advertisement appeared in the same 
newspaper upon the 8th of December following, 
that the poems were to be published about the 
beginning of February, 1761, and a third upon 



Monday, the 16th of Feb. 1761, 

" We are informed that this day is published, on a 
fine demy paper, and with an elegant type, price 3s. and 
Gd. stitched in blue paper, original poems and transla- 
tions bj r James Beattie, A.M. London, printed and sold 
b} r A. Millar in the Strand, and sold by the booksellers 
of Edinburgh, Glasgow, Montrose, and Aberdeen. Sub- 
scribers may be furnished with their copies at the shops 
of F. Douglass, B. Farquhar, A. Thomson and A. Angus, 
Aberdeen ; and at the house of Charles Thomson, Mon- 

Sir Wm. Forbes, the intimate friend, the ex- 
ecutor and biographer of Beattie, says the Ori- 
ginal Poems and Translations were published in 
1760, but makes no reference to this subscription 
edition. Sir William and Lowndes are right, 
however, in giving 1760 as the date of the first 

' CD tTj 

edition. I have in my collection a copy of the 
Poems and Translations, which formerly belonged 
to the famous Peter Buchan, the painter, printer, 
boat-builder, and ballad antiquary of Peterhead. 
The following forms its title page : 

By James Beattie, 
Printed and sold by A. Millar in the 

" Original Poems and Translations. 
A.M. London : 

.. ?> 

with an elegant 
In short, it 


English Ian- 

Strand. MDCCLX. 

It is on a fine demy paper, 
type, and stitched in blue paper 
has all the external marks of the subscription 
edition except the date, I am inclined to believe 
that the issue of 1761 is simply that of 1760 with 
a new title-page. Would J. O. confer the favour 
of saying whether his edition corresponds with 
mine in the following particulars : Mine has x. 
pages of introductory matter. It has an " N.B." 
regarding " the fourth, fifth, and tenth pastorals " 
on the fly-leaf immediately succeeding, — then 

one of the scarcest books in 

guage." The copy of Original Poems and Trans- two pages of Contents. The poems extend from 


the Ji 

He gives a 

sig. a to a a 3, comprising 188 pages. The first 

lication, which Chalmers evidently founds on. 
Indeed Bower has had the usual" hard fate of 
literary antiquaries. His laboriously amassed facts 
have been borrowed without the least scruple or 
apology, and in most cases without the slightest 


the " Ode to Peace 

is headed with an 

very minute and particular account of its pub- ornament of three lozenges, each containing nine 

asterisks, the 

two circular sun-like marks. 



14 bring 

13, 1. 6 


from top, the last word of the line 

been printed with a badly formed b. The stem 

is thick, and the bottom angle has been so im- 




[3'd S. I. Jaw. 11, '62. 

perfectly preserved that it seems very like the 
figure 6, and appears almost falling away from 
the rest of the word. 

These early editions of Beattie's Poems were 

faulty only in this respect, that the composition 
of several of the pieces failed to satisfy the later 
over-fastidious taste of the author. He bought 
up and destroyed every copy he could find. Hence 
their rarity. i John S. Gibb. 


contactu illorum piaculo se obstringeret." — Philippi Ca- 



(2 nd S. xii. 365, 444.) 

word has 


(2 nd S. xii. 502.) 

I regret 

that I cannot furnish your correspondent with a 
complete list of the schools founded by our sixth 
Edward. Fotts's Liber Cantabrigiensis me 


the following establishments in the enumeration 
of those to which are attached fellowships, scholar- 

to denote a nut so thoroughly ripe as to fall out of 
its husk if the bough be shaken whereon it lianas. 
If, for instance, a person pulled down a bough in 
order to get the nuts on it, and one fell out of its 
husk, he would say " That is a learner," in contra- 
distinction to those that remained in their husks. 
My impression is that the word is derived from 
the verb " to learn," to separate, or fall out, though 
I am not certain that I have heard that word 

Mr. Eobinson, in his Wh 

Glossary, has 

„„,,_„.... "Learners or brown learners, large filbert nuts ; " 

ship?, and exhibitions tenable at the University and u . e now informs me that the word is invariably 

of Cambridge. 

Perhaps the quotation thereof 


I do 

may do something towards satisfying the "want" not, however, remember it to have been so used, 
" " T " ° or limited to large nuts, or applied to filberts ; by 

of F. J. II. : 

Slu-rborne - 
Louth - 



Chelmsford - 

- 1552 

- 1552 

which I understand such nuts as have 



Christ's Hospital - 1553 

Shrewsbury- - 1553 

Stourbridge - - 1553 

Giggleswick - 1553 

which entirely surrounds them. As a nut which 

out of its husk is always 


enough to 


brown, it is easy to see how the term " brown " 
may have become generally used with "learner." 
Mr. Robinson gives " to leam, to replenish the 
Norwich was "originally founded by' Bishop ro ?k* of the spinning-wheel with tow," the rock 
Salmon and established by Edward VI., by whom being the distaff upon which the tow is wound; 
a charter was granted to' the city, and revenues anc * ^ e refersme to Marshall's list of old words at 

assigned for a schoolmaster." 
Kendal, found 


f Yc 

of Boston, I _ 

successively from King Edward YL, Qu< 
Queen Elizabeth, and other benefactors. 

that explanation of the term. At first sight that 

r( i (> . 1 ; n i -->- i „ a i, t> , """■" cAjjwurtwuu oi tuti term. j\z nrst signt tnat 

ittL ] ; J -^eT SS ! TFl^T^l « * !~^.*!* *• 

St. S within. 


'Sic Transit Gloria Mundi" ( 

O. XII. 



"In Horn. I'ontiiicum inauguratione interea dum de 
more sacellum 1). Ciregorii deelaratus pnetergreditur, 
ipsum pran coromouiarum magister gestans arundines 
seu cam us duas, quaium alteri sursum apposita est can- 
sun , r, r I :', q ;t q " am a . l # ° ri ca " n!P ' cui "nperpositic stupprc 
T ;",',' ,,,(, ^ (l,,f l«c dicens: Patkii Saxcte, sic 

r I', e , "r M: ' A NI - ! - ^ )u,Hl et * sum teiti0 "iraL 

sua no,;? v.? ■T ,p,,t 8 - Vm , 1 0lum , ' uo ' 1 i,iler heroica 
™» posmt; Nil S.ui>r.M Hoc dim non ignorarunt 

' N :lln S1 ' ll|,lu ex "psorum ducibusvel Impera- 


torihusob res feliciu-r gestas e t Tim HI,, Ta\V' r P 7 *~ 

mnphus a Scatu deer -in , e * t et -n " "' /''r 

maxima rem,,., „,i ! • ..:. V' . C f Ib ,n (Umi triumphal! 

meaning I have given to the term, but perhaps 
the word may have been originally applied to the 
separation of the tow from the bulk during the 
operation of replenishing the rock. 

C. S. Greaves. 

P.S. — Since the above was written I have seen 
a very clever farmer in Derbyshire, who tells me 
that he has heard "learner" always applied to 
nuts that were so ripe as to fall out of their husks, 
and that he has heard the term " to leam" applied 
to nuts and such like things as fall out of their 
husks. This seems to settle the meaning of both 
the terms " learner " and " leam." 

Lambeth Degrees (2 nd S. xii. 456, 529.) 
Will your correspondent W. 1ST. point out the 

maxima rompa urbon, i^rclorotur, ''co^m c^r7c^ Sectl0n 0** the Act 25 Hen. VIII. C 21, which 

mfrv " "" -" ,,s ' *eete the question; that is, which empowers the 

nifex mini>ter publicus v<*hf<l> itnr* ,„,; 

archbishop to grant degrees, and that such degrees 
"equire confirmation under the Great Seal ? 




Zonara?, lib. jj. 

A gentleman who was in the habit of fre- 
quenting a favourite spot for the sake of a view 
that interested him, used to lounge on a rail ; and 
one day, m a fit of absence, got fumbling about 

3** S. I. Jan. 11, 'G2.] 




the post in which one end of the rail was inserted. 
On his road home he missed a valuable ring : he 
went back again and looked very diligently for it 
without success. A considerable time afterwards, 
on visiting his old haunt and indulging in his 
usual fit of absence, he was very agreeably sur- 
prised to find the ring on his finger again ; and 
which appears to have been occasioned by (in 
both instances) his pressing his finger in the aper- 
ture of the post, which just fitted sufficiently with 
a pressure to hold the ring. I afterwards tried 
the experiment at the spot, and found it perfectly 
easy to have been effected with an easily-fitting 



Errors in Books on the Peerage (2 nd S. xii. 


These errors are not likely to be lessened 

by crude correction. The name in dispute is not 
Norbonne but Norborne, as may be seen on the 
monument of Walter Norborne, Esq. in Calne 
Church, and as might be proved in many other 
ways, did the proper spelling of a family name, 
well known to Wiltshire genealogists, admit of a 

moment's doubt. 

Gilbert Tyson (2 nd S. xii. 


Tyson was Lord of Alnwick, Bridling 

and many other great estates in the north at the 

His eldest son 
William, and his other son Richard. Wil- 
liam's only child, Alda, was given in marriage by 



whom the present 

Conqueror to Y 



Vesci is descended 

(Burke's Peerage). The line of Richard Tyson 
ended in an only daughter, Benedicta, married to 
William Lord Hilton (Hutchinson's Northumber- 
land, vol. ii. p. 208). Both Gilbert Tyson and 
William his son fought at Hastings. Hutchinson, 
in the note at p. 208, says William fell at Hast- 
ings on the side of William the Conqueror in the 
lifetime of his father; but in the note at p. 210, 
he says that Gilbert was slain at Hastings on the 



Camden's Brit. Northur 



London, 1695), says, William fell fighting for 
Harold ; and Dane-Gelt calls Gilbert one of the 
Conqueror's followers. Can any one clear up 
these inconsistencies ? 

A family of Tyson was resident at Kendal in 

tury. Can any 
that family ? 

Lengo Moun 


one give 

middle of the last cen- 
me information as to 

A. B. 



N. & Q 


modern poet mentioned in my former communi- 
cation, Louis Vestrepain? 

I observe as one of the peculiarities of the dia- 
lect of Toulouse, that o is a feminine termination ; 
as, for instance, in the word Lengo. And here 
the question naturally arises, whether the " Len- 
go " of Southern France is to be looked on as the 
origin of our English Lingo ? Johnson describes 
" Lingo " as Portuguese : but I should think it 
quite as likely that the word came to us from 
Guienne. The influence produced on the people 
of England by their intercourse with Poitou and 
Acquitaine under the Plantagenets is a subject 
that invites investigation. P. S. Cakey. 

Commissariat of Lauder (2 nd S. xii. 417.) 
There is in my possession an Index of Deeds 
registered in the Commissary Court -books of 
Lauder from 1654 to 1809, when the right of 
registering deeds was transferred to the Sheriff 

Mr. Romernes, at Lauder, N. B., has all the 

old records in his possession. 

M. G. F. 

Orkney Island Discoveries (2 nd S. xii. 478.) 

Your correspondent's interesting information, 
respecting the probable earliest inhabitants of the 
British Islands, is borne out by several particulars 
as far as Ireland is concerned. It would seem 

that the " Feni," Peine, or " Finni " — the military 
celebrated in Ossianic poetry, and styled the an* 
cient u Irish militia" — were of Finnish extrac- 
tion. I have other points, which I would gladly 
communicate to F. C. B. 

Conservative Club. 

Herbert Hore. 

(2 n * S. xii. 10.) 




6 inches diameter, cast in copper or red brass, 
the face being chased and in high relief. It re- 
presents a figure, nude but for a girdle of hanging 
feathers (ostrich, perhaps), and a multiplicity of 
necklaces, armlets, earrings, and so forth. In the 
left-hand, which is advanced, is a long staff with 
one or two globular expansions. At the foot is a 
somewhat flattened vase or censer, and various 
kinds of fruit, and in various parts of the disk a 
rhinoceros, a monkey, a snake, and so forth. I 
describe from memory only. It .bears no ap- 
pearance of having been painted or gilt, but is 
of a fine dark green bronze colour. I should be 

to know if any one can offer a plausible 

date. At first I 


origin or 

am persuaded that the readers of " 
general will join with me in thanking M. Ansas 
for the information he has so kindly given re- 
specting the origin of the term mowidi. I would 
beg to venture a step further, and inquire whether 
your correspondent can tell us anything of the at a sale probably by my father. 

conjecture as to its 

imagined it to represent an American Indian ; 
but the rhinoceros forbids that supposition. I 
am now more inclined to think it of Spanish or 
Portuguese workmanship of two or three hundred 
years old, perhaps, and intended to represent a 
native of some of the eastern islands. It has 
been many years in our family, but was picked up 

~ m J. San. 




[3 rd S. I. Jan. 11, '62. 

Mart Woffington (2 nd S. xi. 354 ; xii. 440.) 

children of " Captain " (or " the Hon. 

Robert") Cholmondeley by his mar- 

i "Miss Mary Woffington," otherwise 

Of the 



of Arthur vVoffington^ Esq.," 
two only appear to have survived their infancy 
George James, the eldest son, and Hester 
Frances, the youngest daughter; the former of 
whom married three wives —1st, Marcia, daughter 
of John Pitt, Esq. ; 2ndly, Catharine, daughter of 
Sir Philip Francis, K.B. ; and 3rdly, Hon. Maria 
Elizabeth Townsend, second daughter of Viscount 
Sydney ; the latter, Hester Frances, married Wil- 
liam, afterwards, Sir \\ r m. Bellingham, of Castle 

Bellingham, Ireland, Bart. 

Life of 

Edmund Burke, it is stated that Margaret 
fington, an Irishwoman and an actress of " great 

reputation, was of very humble origin. 


she was a child, her mother, a poor widow, kept 
a small grocer's — or, to use the Irish term, a 
huckster's — :-hop, on Ormond Quay, Dublin."* 
How is this account to be reconciled with the 
description given of her sister in the peerages ? 
Do any references to other members of the 
family occur elsewhere ? Henry W. S. Taylor. 

Heraldic (2 nd S. xii. 10.) — Shaw of Sanchie 
and. Greenock. The armorial bearings of this 
family is azure, three covered cups or, supported 
by two savages wreathed about the middle ; and 
for crest, a demi-savage, with this motto, " I 

mean well." — Crawford (and Temple's) History 
of the Shire of Renfrew, 1782. 

The arms (but without crest, supporters, or 
motto), are carved on a fountain, with the date 
1620, at Greenock Mansion-house, with a mullet, 
however, between the cups. A stone formerly 
in the abbey wall at Paisley, and now built into 
the front of a house in the neighbourhood, bears 
an inscription to the effect that ""abbot georg of 
schawe," " gart make yis wav," and has The cups 
arranged one and two, instead of two and one, 
the usual way. J.San. 

Ldward Halsey Bockett (2 nd S. xii. 471.) 
Julia II. Bockett is in error with regard to the 
position of .Air. Bockett's grave. Mr. Bockett 
was not buried in the nave of the Bath Abbey 
Church, but near the east end of the north aisle 
of the choir, immediately behind Prior Birde's 
Chapel. The stone is close to the skreen of the 
chapel, and bears the following inscription : 

" K.lw'i Halsey Bockett, Esq r , 
Died February 5 th , 181. 'J, 

Aged 4G." 

m I remember the sexton mentioning to me that 
inquiries had been made respecting this stone, 

• The Pu'dic 

Edmund Burke. 

Temple and the 

ami Domestic Life of the Right Hon. 

By Peter Burke, Esq., of the Inner 
•Northern Circuit. 2nd Ed. 18.34, p. 18. 



when I pointed it out to him. This may 
have been about the date referred to. 

C. P. Russell, 

Clerk of the Abbey Church. 


(2 nd S. xii. 522.) — Is it not likely that, after the 
battle, some of Charles's friends might have gone 
in different directions towards the coast, in order 
to mislead and divert the pursuit ? There is no 
doubt that he was at Boscobel after the defeat, 
having made his way thither by the most direct 

Stourbridge and over Cannock 

great interest in the question, was 

road, through 
Chase. Mr. Sparrow's house, at Ipswich, is not 
Nidus Passerum; that name belongs to a small 
country residence here, belonging to the family. 
The late John Eddowes Sparrow, Esq., who took 

firmlv im- 

pressed with the belief that his ancestor had given 
refuge to Charles in Ipswich, and in the old house 
in the Butter Market. The same belief was held 
by his father and his grandfather, all men of pro* 
bity and consideration in the town. The cham- 
ber in which it is believed Charles was concealed, 
is the roof of a larger apartment ; but whether a 

chapel or not, cannot now be ascertained. Mr. 
John Gotjgh Nic 
" chapel chamber 


has thought that this 
nothing more than the 

top of the entrance hall, which reached from the 
basement to the roof of the house : this must have 
been an error, because, if so, the fine apartment, 
which occupies the entire of the first floor, would 
have been destroyed by such an 
and that this room was always a portion unmuti- 
lated of the house itself there can be no doubt, 
for the reason that the ornamentation of the ceil- 


ing and walls remains uninjured. : 

E. S. W. 

(2 nd S. ix. 44, 

513 ; x. 159, 396.) — Mr. II. B. Martini writes in 
the Navo? % scher, vol. iv. p. 232 : — 

"Near the village of Vegchcl in North Brabant, there 
formerly arose the Castle of Frisselsteyn. Tradition says, 
.that a decease in the De Jong family, whose property it 
had become some time ago (towards the beginning of 
the last century), having occasioned the opening of the 
vault, belonging to the manor, in the village church, the 
mourners were not a little surprised to find the bodies 
of the preceding lords and inhabitants of Frisselsteyn, 
not in coffins, but seated together in a ghastly circle on three- 
legged wooden chairs, such as are still now and then seen 
in the rustic cottages of the province. After the lord of 
that time, with the bystanders, had for a moment stared 
at this spectacle of ~ horrible sociability, the intruding 
outer air had made the decayed remains crumble in, and 
fall into shapelessness. Thus says the legend, communi- 
cated in 1854 by Mrs. de Loecker, of Leenwensteyn at 
Vught, and it is from her, as a scion of the De'Jong 
family aforesaid, we now obtain leave to publish what 
she had accepted by oral transmission from her grand- 
father and father." 

The following paragraph from the New York 
Independent of Oct. 20, 1859 (vol. xi. No. 568), 
affords another and a more touching instance : 

5** S. I. Jan. 11, 'G2.] 




natural to place fishes in it, as we constantly find 

called liis dusky disciples about him in the mission-house, 
and pressed their hands to his bosom, and with many 
counsels bade them farewell. And so fell asleep. There 
was no white man there besides, but the devout Indians 
made great lamentations over him, and buried him as 
well as they knew how in their Indian fashion. The 
funeral procession consisted of two canoes, with which 
they paddled him across the Lake of Grace— Gnaden- See 
— to their Indian burial-ground ; old Father Gideon, one 
of his native converts, making a « powerful discourse 9 at 
the grave. And last spring, when the Moravians came 
looking for the grave, they found the body in a sitting 
posture, Indian fashion, resting in hope." 

John H. van Lennep. 

Zeyst, near Utrecht. 

G. S., Miniature Painter, 1756 (2 nd S. xii. 

In reply to Clarry's Query, I beg 



say that about four years and a half ago I pur- 
chased at a local sale two very well executed 
water-colour drawings of the Grey Friars 1 tower 
in this town. They were done by Sillett, a painter 
who resided in Norfolk Street in this town, but 
afterwards went to Norwich, from whence he is 
said, traditionally, to have originally come ; and 
when I purchased them they were stated to be old, 
and in fact, that they had been in existence some 
sixty years previously and upwards. 

He is said to have been in Lynn in 1800 or 
1801, but tradition hands this to me. I cannot 
say what his Christian name was, nor whether it 
was " George 11 or not ; but I think it very likely 
that Sillett' s father was of Norwich, and that pos- 
sibly some trace may be found there. 

John Nurse Ciiadwick. 

King's Lynn. 

St. Napoleon (3 rJ S. i. 13.) — The only account 
I have met with of St. Napoleon is on a supple- 
mentary leaf added to the Abrege de la Vie des 
Saints, by Gueffier, jeune, 1807. It is there stated 
that among the martyrs of Alexandria in the per- 
secution of Dioclesian, was one named Neopolis or 
Neopole, who, after suffering many torments with 
great constancy, for the faith of Christ, died of 
his wounds in prison. According to the Italian 

mode of pronouncing names in the middle ages, 
this saint was called Napoleon, or more frequently 
Napoleone. It is, however, pretty evident that 
we should have heard little or nothing of this 

martyr but for the desire to search out whatever 
might be recorded of the patron saint of the first 
Emperor Napoleon. F. C. H. 

Wells City Seals and their Symbols (3 rd S. 
i. 10.) — I think a probable explanation of these 
seals is, that the tree is an emblem of the pros- 
perity of the city, the tree planted by the running 
waters, suggested by the wells, and in allusion to 
the words of the first Psalm. I do not consider 
the birds or "the fish to have any particular signi- 

in the pictures of St. Christopher, but where the 
fishes have no connexion with the legend. In like 
manner, where there was a tree, it was obvious to 
represent birds perched upon it. Possibly there 
may be some allusion to the parable of the mus- 
tard seed, and the birds may be sheltered in the 
branches of the tree as emblems of the protecting 
shade of the prosperous city ; but I am inclined to 
think that the birds and the fishes were not intro- 

duced with 

any symbolical meaning. 

We find 

them perpetually in old pictures and tapestry 
merely as appropriate adjuncts, and such they are 
apparently on these seals. F. C. II. 

" Theatrical Portraits EriGRAMMATicALLY 
delineated" (2 nd S. xii. 473.) — I have never 
met with this book, but probably the author was 
"Sun" Taylor, a great theatrical quid* nunc. A 
comparison of it with the theatrical remarks in 
his Reco?*ds of my Life, might, if the opinions ex- 
pressed coincide, establish the probability of the 
authorship. Wm. Douglas. 

Luther's Version of the Apocrypha (2 nd S. 
xii. 472.) — Mr. Borradaile seems to have over- 
looked the Latin Vulgate, from which Luther 
translated the Apocryphal books. With refer- 
ence to these books generally, and to Judith in 
particular, the text is in the most unsatisfactory 
state. The copies of the Greek differ very ma- 
terially from one another. The Vulgate is widely 

different from the older Latin version. 


Where water was represented, it was the county of Essex. 

Syriac translation differs much from all the rest. 
Of some of the books, we have the Greek original ; 
of others, it is uncertain in what language they 
were first written. The extraordinary discrepan- 
cies suggested that their purity was not guarded 
with the same jealous care as the Canonical books. 
We want a good English work on the subject. 

B. H. C. 

Sun-Dial and Compass (2 nd S. xii. 480.) 
In reply to the Query of Sigma Tau, I observe 
that I also have a small silver horizontal sun- 
dial by Butterfield, a Paris. Upon its face are 
engraved dials for several latitudes, and at the 
back a table of principal cities. It is set by a 
compass, and the gnomon adjusted by a divided 
arc. The N. point of the compass-box is fixed in 
a position to allow for variation — probably at 
Paris — and, judging from this, it would appear 
to have been made about 1716. Sigma Tau will 
find a description and drawing of an exactly 
similar dial in Stone's translation of Bion on 
Mathematical Instruments, 1758. N. T. Heineken. 

Children Hanged (2 nd S. xi. 327.) — So late 
as 1831 a boy nine years of age was hung at 
Chelmsford for arson committed at Witham in 

A. Copland. 




[3'd S. I. Jan. 11, '62 




The History of Modern Europe, from the Fall of Con- 
stantinople in 1453 to the War in the Crimea in 1857. By 
Thomas Henry Dyer. In Four Volumes. {Vols. 1. and 


(M -^ 

When one considers the vast amount of time ana at- 
tention which the literary men of England and of the 
Continent have, during the last half-century, bestowed 
upon the histories of their respective countries, it is 
not surprising that so far-seeing and judicious a pub- 
lisher as Mr. Murray should consider that the moment 
had arrived when these various materials might be ad- 
vantageously employed in the preparation of a fresh 
work on the general History of Modern Europe. The 
four centuries treated of in the present History comprise 
the period during which that political unity which dis- 
tinguishes modern Europe from the Europe of the 
Middle Ages has been in existence; but though the com- 
mencement of this change dates from the French wars in 
Italy towards the close of the fifteenth century, Mr. 
Dyer has adopted the generally received view which re- 

gards the capture of Constantinople by the Turks as the 
true epoch of modern history. From this capture of 
Constantinople, therefore, to the Pontificate of Leo X. 
and the commencement of the Reformation, forms the 
iirst of the eight Epochs or Looks into which the present 
history is divided ; and embraces the consolidation of the 

great monarchies and the rudiments of the 



The second, which gives down to the Council 
of Trent, shows the origin and progress of the Lutheran 
Reformation. The third, which concludes with the Peace 
of Vervins, contains one of the phases of the struggle 
between France and the House of Austria, as well as the 
French wars of religion, and the final establishment of 
Protestantism in England and Holland. The fourth, ex- 
tending to the Peace of Westphalia in 1048, shows Ger- 
many settling down after a thirty vears' war into its 
present condition, the rise of the Scandinavian king- 
doms as European powers, the decline of Spain, and 
France emerging through the policy of Richelieu as the 
leading state in Europe. Here the work terminate 
the present. 




sent. Two more volumes will complete Mr. Dyers 
. As he has consulted, with great industry, the 
best writers of different countries — and in many in- 
stances, original authorities — shown good judgment in 
the use of his materials, and given ample references to 
his authorities the work is calculated to supplv the 
place of Russell's Modern Europe, both to the general 

reader and to the historical student. 

Recollections of A. N. Welhy Pttgin, and his Father 
Augustus Puyin. With Notices of Ids Works. By Ben- 
jamin rerrey, Architect; with an Appendix by E. Sheri- 
dan Parcel], Esq. (Stanford.) 

Welhy Pugin has left traces of his influence over the 
entire length and breadth of the country — no where 
more prominently than in the beautiful pile which will 
carry down to posterity the name of Sir Charles Barry, 
the Palace of Westminster. While his brother architects 
and other admirers of Gothic Art are contemplating a 
public memorial to his honour, his old friend and fellow- 
pupil, Mr. Kerrey, has collected into a volume the strange 
materials of his strange and wayward life. This has 
obviously been on Mr. Kerrey's part a labour of love, and 
the book cannot fail to awaken in all who read it an 
increased admiration of Pugin's genius, mingled with a 
feeling of considerate sympathy for the weaknesses and 
eccentricities by which that genius was accompanied. 

The Student's Greece. 4 A History of Greece. By Wil- 
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Christ Church. Eighteenth Thousand. (Murray.) 

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Year 1858. Eighteenth Thousand. (Murray.) 

In these days, when everybody is expected to know 
everything, Mr. Murray has done good service alike to 
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No wonder then that the words u twenty-fifth thousand," 
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ears of publishers — figure upon their title-pages. 

The Old Folks from Home ; or a Holiday in Ireland in 

18G1. By Mrs. Alfred Gatty. (Bell & Daldy.) 

A series of letters, containing a pleasant mixture of 
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3'« S. I. Jan. 18, '62.] 




CONTENTS.— N°. 3. 



Arms, 41 — The Registers of the Stationers* Company, 44 
Liquorice, 46 — Gleanings from " The Statutes at 
Large," 47 — Chief Justices Quondam Highwaymen, lb. 
Minob Notes: — On the Degrees of Comparison— Sebas- 


tian Cabot — Sunday Newspapers — The " Pare aux Cerfs 
Jefferson Davis — Gregory of Paulton, 48 

QUERIES: — Prophecies of St. Malachi respecting the 
Popes, 49 — Coins inserted in Tankards — Crony — Learned 
Dane on Unicorns 

Sir H. Davy and James Watt— Euri- 
pides and Menander — " God's Providence is mine In- 
heritance " — Madame Guyon's Autobiography — Families 
who trace from Saxon Times — Harrisons of Berks 
Irish Peers — Juryman's Oath — Letting the New Year in 
Materials — Name wanting in Coleridge's " Ta:ble-Talk " 
The Passing Bell — Redmond Crest — St. Aulaire — Tilt 
Family — Warner Pedigree, 50. 

TTERIES with ANSWERS : — Otho Vaenius : John of Milan 
Proba Falconia — Ancient Games, 53. 

REPLIES :— Dr. John Hewett, 54— Cotgreave Forgeries,i£. 
Solicitors' Bills, 55 — Biblical Literature : William Carpen- 
ter — Commissariat of Lauder — Muff— Bishops' Thrones 
Old Libraries — Aristotle on Indian Kings — Rev. W. 
Stephens — Mary Ashford — Pordage Family — The Book- 
Worm — The Mole and the Campbells — Knaves' Acre 
Unsuccessful Prize Poems — Architectural Proportion 

Richard Shelley — Arthur Shorter 


Archery Proverbs —Isabel and Elizabeth, 55. 
Notes on Books. 





(Continued from p. 23.) 

Humphrey Wanley, the learned librarian of the 
first two Earls of Oxford, had now been dead 
more than ten years, and Oldys was probably 
expecting to be nominated his successor. Such an 
appointment, with a fixed salary, would relieve him 
from all perplexity in domestic matters, and would 



be therefore infinitely more congenial to 
tired habits of life, than the precarious, and in 
some cases, paltry remuneration received from the 
booksellers. He thus expresses his own feelings 
at this time : 

"In the latter end of the year 1737 1 published my 

British Librarian; and when his Lordship understood 
how unproportionate the advantages it produced were to 
the time and labour bestowed upon it, he said he would 
find me employment better worth my while. Also, when 
he heard that I was making interest with Sir Robert 
Wal pole, through the means of Commissioner Hill, to 
present him with an abstract of some ancient deeds I had 
relating to his ancestors, and which I have still, his Lord- 
ship induced me to decline that application, saying, 
though he could not do as grand things as Sir Robert, he 
would do that which might be as agreeable to me, if I 
would disengage myself from all other persons and pur- 
suits." — Autobiography. 

In the following year the Earl of Oxford ap- 
pointed him his literary secretary, which afforded 

him an opportunity of consulting his extensive 
collections, and thus gratifying his predilection 
for bibliographical researches. During his brief 
connection with this " Ark of Literature," he fre- 
quently met at the Earl's table George Vertue, 
Alexander Pope, and other eminent 'literary cha- 
racters. These three short years may be regarded 
as among the most happy of his chequered exist- 
ence. We have from his own pen the following 
plaintive record of his daily pursuits at this time : 

"I had then also had, for several years, some depend- 
ence upon a nobleman* who might have served me in the 
government, and had, upon certain motives, settled an 
annuity upon me of twenty pounds a year. This I re- 
signed to the said nobleman for an incompetent consider- 
ation, and signed a general release to him, in May, 1738, 
that I might be wholly independent, and absolutely at 
my Lord Oxford's command. I was likewise then under 
an engagement with the undertakers of the Supplement 
to BayWs Dictionary * I refused to digest the materials 
I then had for this work under an hundred pounds a 
year, till it was finished ; but complied to take forty shil- 
lings a sheet for what I should write, at such intervals as 

my business would permit: for this clause I was obliged 
to insert in the articles then executed between them and 
myself, in March the year aforesaid ; whereby I reserved 
myself free for his lordship's service. And though I pro 
posed, their said offer would be more profitable to me 
than my own, yet my lord's employment of me, from that 
time, grew so constant, that I never finished above three 
or four lives for that work, to the time of his death. All 
these advantages did I thus relinquish, and all other de- 
pendence, to serve his lordship. And now was I em- 

ployed at auctions, sales, and in writing at home, in 
transcribing m} r own collections or others for his lord- 
ship, till the latter part of the year 1739; for which 
services I received of him about 150 pounds. In Novem- 
ber the same year I first entered his library of manuscripts, 
whereunto I came daily, sorted and methodised his vast 
collection of letters, to be bound in many volumes; made 
abstracts of them, and tables to each volume; besides 
working at home, mornings and evenings, for the said 
library. Then, indeed, his lordship, considering what 
beneficial prospects and possessions I had given up, to 
serve him, and what communications I voluntarily made 
to his library almost every day, by purchases which I 
never charged, and presents out of whatever was most 
worthy of publication among my own collections, of 
which he also chose what he pleased, whenever he came 
to my chambers, which I have since greatly wanted, I 
did thenceforward receive of him two hundred pounds 
a-vear, for the short remainder of his life. Notwith- 
standing this allowance, he would often declare in com- 
pany before me, and in the hearing of those now alive, 
that he wished I had been some vears sooner known to 


him than I was; because I should have saved him many 
hundred pounds. \ 

" The sum of this case is, that for the profit of about 
500/. I devoted the best part of ten years' service to, and 
in his lordship's library; impoverished my own stores to 
enrich the same; disabled myself in my studies, and the 
advantages they might have produced from the publick; 
deserted the pursuits which might have obtained me a 

By the Supplement to Bayle's Dictionary is meant A 

General Dictionary, Historical and Critical, Lond. 1734-41, 

fol., 10 vols., and which included that of Bayle. Dr. 
Birch was the principal editor, assisted by the Rev. John 
Peter Bernard, John Lockman, and George Sale, 




[3 r <* S. I. Jan. 18, '62. 

permanent accommodation ; and procured the prejndice 
and misconceit of bis lordship's surviving relations. But 
the profits I received were certainly too inconsiderable to 
raise any envy or ill will ; tho' they might probably be 
conceived much greater then they were. No, it was what 
his lordship made me more happy in, than his money, 
which has been the cause of my greatest unhappiness 
with them; his favour, his friendly reception and treat- 
ment of me ; his many visits at my chambers; his many 
invitations by letters, and otherwise, to dine with him 
and pass whole evenings with him ; for no other end, but 
such intelligence and communications, as might answer 
the inquiries wherein he wanted to be satisfied, in relation 
to matters of literature, all for the* benefit of his library. 
Had I declined those invitations, I must, with great in- 
gratitude, have created his displeasure; and my accept- 
ance of them has displeased others." 

It is painful to record, that the Earl of Oxford, 
when Oldys entered his service, had involved 
himself in pecuniary difficulties whilst collecting 
one of the choicest and most magnificent private 
libraries in this kingdom. Vertue, in one of his 
Commonplace-books, under the date of June 2, 
1741, thus feelingly laments the embarrassed cir- 
cumstances of the Earl : 

" Mv good Lord, lately growing heavy and pensivckm 
his affairs, which for some years lias mortified his mnrti. 
It lately manifestly appeared in his change of complexion j 
his face fallen; his colour and eves turned yellow to a 
grent degree; his stomach wasted and gone; and a dead 
weight presses continually, without sign of relief, on his 
min I. Yet through all his affliction I am, from many 
reasons and circumstances, sensible of his goodness and 
generosity to tho*e about him that deserved his favour. 
I pray G >d restore his health and preserve him: it will 
be a great comfort to his good lady, her Grace his daugh- 
ter, and all his relations and obliged friends." 

titles exactly, and then brag of their acquaint- 
Not so William Oldys. His abstracts and 


critical notices of works of our early English lite- 
rature in the British Librarian, as well as' his 
other numerous productions, afford a remarkable 
proof of his rare industry, intelligence, and wit. 

In 1742, Mr. Thomas Osborne the bookseller 
having purchased for the sum of 13,000/. the col- 
lection of printed books that had belonged to the 
late Earl of Oxford, and intending to dispose of 
them by sale, projected a Catalogue in which it 
was proposed, "that the books shall be distributed 
into distinct classes, and every class arranged with 
some regard to the age of the writers ; that every 
book shall be accurately described ; that the pecu- 
liarities of editions shall be remarked, and obser- 
vations from the authors of Literary History 
occasionally interspersed, that, by this Catalogue, 
posterity may be informed of the excellence and 
value of this great Collection, and thus promote 
the knowledge of scarce books and elegant edi- 
tions." The learned Michael Maittaire was pre- 
vailed upon to draw out the scheme of arrange- 
ment, and to write a Latin Dedication to Lord 
Carteret, then Secretary of State. The editors 
selected by Osborne were Dr. Johnson and Wil- 
liam Oldys, men eminently qualified to carry out 
the undertaking. 

In this painful drudgery both editors were day- 
labourers for immediate subsistence, not unlike 
Gustavus Vasa, working in the mines of Dale- 

A fortnight afterwards Vertue thus pathetically 

laments his los. . 

"The Creator of all has put an end to his life. The 
true, noble, and beneficent Edward Earl of Oxford and 
Karl Mortimer, Baron of Wigmore, born 2nd of June, 
l'>3, and died the Kith of June, 1741. A friend noble,' 
generou*, good, and amiable; to me, above all men, a true 
friend : the lo<s not to be expressed.' 


carha. What Wilcox, a bookseller of eminence 
in the Strand, said to Johnson, on his first arrival 
in town, was now almost confirmed. He lent 
him five guineas, and then asked him, " How do 
you mean to earn your livelihood in this town ? " 
u By my literary labours," was the answer. Wil- 
cox, staring at him, shook his head : " By your 
literary labours ! You had better buy a porter's 
knot." In fact, Johnson, while employed by Os~ 

We have seen that OMys's salary as librarian borne n } Gray's Inn, may be said to have carried 

a porter's knot. He paused occasionally to peruse 

he book that came to his hand. Osborne thought 

that such curiosity tended to nothing but delay, 

and objected to it with all the pride and insolence 

was 200'. per annum. At (he death of the Earl 

received what was due to him, amounting 
about thrci: quart. ts of 
which he lived so Ion.' as it lasted. 



a year's exhibition, on I 

ftt this time must have been <dc 

II is prospects 

)omy indeed, for he 
was apain compelled to renew Ids connection with 
the metropolitan nublishers. 

of a man wh 





teen years, untd lie received 

For the next four- 

nn appointment in 
he continued to earn his 

for the booksellers. 



the Heralds' Office, 
br»\vl by literary drud o 

His s.-attcre.lfn.LMnents'of "ancient lore that In 
^scaped the ravages of time arc a proof of his la- 
borious application in literary researches- his pen 
was continually at work either in writing pam- 
phlets, prefaces, essays, or in his favourite pursuit 
h.ographical memoirs. « Some men," says Dean 
S wift, know books as they do lords ; learn their 

* Addit. MS. 23,093, pp. 22, 23. 

that he paid daily wanes. 

Charles Brooke, Somerset Herald, that "Osborne 
had informed him, that he would have 

9 ^ * 

Bluemantle, related to John 


Oldys 10s. 6d. per diem if he would have written 

for him; but his indolence (!) would 

accept it." f If this offer was mac 

not let him 

ade durinir the 

e's Essays on Periodical Papers, i. 157, ed. 1809 ; 
dns's Life of Dr. Johnson, p. 150, ed. 1787. 

* Drak 
and Ilawl 

>- m f Notes by John Charles Brooke in his De vitis Fecia- 
hum, a MS. now in the College of Arms. Brooke was ap- 
pointed Rouge Croix in 177? 



; and Somerset in 1778; he 
was not, therefore, a contemporary officer in the college 

with Oldys, so that his statement" must have been from 

3 rd S. I. Jan. 18, '62.] 



compilation of the catalogue, it is evident that 
the publisher exacted from his editors more work 
than could possibly be accomplished in a specified 
time, for the number of books to be read and 
digested amounted to no less than 20,748 volumes. 
Hence the failure of the original scheme as ju- 
diciously propounded by Maittaire. Our two 
unfortunate editors, in their joint and seemingly 
interminable labour, whilst grappling with this 
solid battalion of printed books, gained little more 
for their pains than the dust with^ which (so 
long as their drudgery lasted) they were daily 

As literary curiosities, it is now difficult to 
discriminate between the notes of Dr. Johnson 
and those of Oldys. The " Proposals " for print- 
ing the Bibliotheca Harleiana are clearly from the 
pen of the Doctor, as we are informed by 
Boswell, who adds, that " his account of that 
celebrated collection of books, in which he dis- 
plays the importance to literature of what the 
French call a catalogue raisonne, when the sub- 
jects of it are extensive and various, and it is 
executed with ability, cannot fail to impress all 
his readers with admiration of his nhilological at- 
tainments. It was afterwards prefixed to the first 
volume of the Catalogue, in which the Latin ac- 
counts of books were written by him."* We incline 
to the conjecture that the bibliographical and bio- 
graphical remarks in Vols. I. and II. are by Dr. 
Johnson : and those in Vols. III. and IV. by Oldys. 
The fifth volume, 1745, is nothing more than a 
Catalogue of Osborne's unsold stock. 

Osborne's original project of an annotated Cata- 
logue, as we have said, proved a failure. In the 
Preface to Vol. III. he informs the public of its 
cause : — 

" My original design was, as I have already explained, 
to publish a methodical and exact Catalogue of this 
library, upon the plan which has been laid down, as I 
am informed, by several men of the first rack among the 
learned. It was intended by those who undertook the 
work, to make a very exact disposition of all the subjects, 
and to give an account of the remarkable differences of 
the editions, and other peculiarities, which moke any 
book eminently valuable; and it was imagined, that 
some improvements might, by pursuing this scheme, be 
made in Literary History. With this view was the Cata- 
logue begun, when the price [5s. per volume] was fixed 
upon it in public advertisements ; and it cannot be denied, 
that such a Catalogue would have been willing]}' purchased 
by those who understood its use. But, when a few sheets 
had been printed, it was discovered that the scheme was 
impracticable without more hands than could be pro- 
cured, or more time than the necessitv of a speedv sale 
would allow. The Catalogue was therefore continued 
without Notes, at least in the greatest part ; and, though 
it was still performed better than those which are daily 
offered to the public, fell much below the original de"- 
sign." + 

* It is also printed in the Gentleman's Maqazine for 

Dec. 1742, vol. xii. p. 636. 


copiously annotated Catalogue of modern 

Whilst the Catalogue was progressing, Osborne 
issued Proposals for printing by subscription 
The Harleian Miscellany : or, a Collection of 
scarce, curious, and entertaining Tracts and Pam- 
phlets found in the late Earl of Oxford's library, 
interspersed with Historical, Political, and Criti- 
cal Notes. It was proposed to publish six sheets 
of this work every Saturday morning, at the 
price of one shilling, to commence on the 24th of 
March, 1743-4. The "Proposals," or " An Ac- 
count of this Undertaking,' 1 as well as the Pre- 
face to this voluminous work, were from the pen 
of Dr. Johnson : the selection of the Pamphlets 
and its editorial superintendence devolved upon 


This valuable political, historical, and 

antiquarian record, and indispensable auxiliary in 
the illustration of British history, included a cata- 
logue of 539 pamphlets, describing the contents of 
each, and this alone occupied 164 quarto pages. 
It was published in eight volumes, 4to, 1744-46, 
and republished by Thomas Park, with two sup- 
plemental volumes, in 1808-13. Park, in a letter 
to Sir Samuel Egerton Brydges, dated June 15, 
1807, bears the following honourable testimony to 
the labours of his predecessor : — " My additions 
to the notes of Oldys in the Harleian Miscellany 
will not be very numerous ; for no editor could 
ever have been more competent to the undertak- 
ing than he was ; but a successive editor must 

seem at least to have done something more than 
his predecessor." * 

It was the original intention of the publishers 
to print three additional volumes to this edition, 
though motives afterwards occurred which induced 

them to depart from it. 


Brydges on Jan. 28, 1813, says, " I presume you 
have heard from our friend Haslewood that my 
projected course in the Harleian Supplement has 
been suddenly arrested, and that the work is to 
stop with vol. X., half of which will be occupied 
with Indices. This has painfully disconcerted my 




the contributions 

of Oldys to British biography," writes our valued 
correspondent, Mr. Bolton Corney, " must be 
placed his publications in bibliography. Those 
which are best known aremuch esteemed, but there 
is one which has never received its due share of 
commendation. It is entitled A copious and exact 
catalogue of pamphlets in the Harleian Library, etc. 
4°, pp. 168. This catalogue was issued in frag- 
ments with the Harleian Miscellany, in order to 
gratify the subscribers with an opportunity of 
being their own choosers with regard to the con- 
tents of that important collection ; but as the 

times is that of M. Guglielmo Libri, whose surprising 
collection was sold by Messrs. Sotheby and Wilkinson in 
April, May, and July, 1861. 

* Addit. MS. 18,916, p. 2P. f Ibid, p. 84. 




[3** S. L Jan. 18, '62. 


signatures and numerals are consecutive, it forms 
separate volume. The pamphlets described 
amount to 548. The dates extend from 1511 
to 1712, but about two-thirds of the number were 
printed before 1661. The titles are given with 
unusual fulness, and the imprints with sufficient 
minuteness. The number of sheets or leaves of 
each pamphlet is also stated. The subjects em- 
braced are divinity, voyages and travels, history, 
biography, polite literature, etc. etc. — A catalogue 
of books or pamphlets, if it requires^ sharp eye, 
is mere transcription, but in this instance we 
have about 440 notes, of which many are sum- 
maries of the contents of the articles in question, 
drawn up with remarkable intelligence and clear- 
ness, ami interspersed with curious anecdotes. It 
is a choice specimen of recreative bibliography. 
Chalmers has omitted to notice this volume, and 
so has Lowndes. The copy which I possess was 
formerly in the library of Mr. Isaac Reed, and at 
the sale of his books in 1807 it was purchased by 
Mr. Heber for 21. 3s. It cost me no more than 
8s. 6d" 

A copy of this valuable Catalogue in the li- 
brary of the Corporation of London formerly be- 
longed to Dr. Michael Lort, who has written 
the following note in it : " This account was 
drawn up by the very intelligent Mr. Oldys. It 
is very seldom to be found compleat in this man- 
ner. Many curious particulars of literary and 
biographical history are to be found in it. I paid 

5s. for it. Feb. 18, 1772." This Catalogue has 
been reprinted by Mr. Park in the last edition of 


vol. x. pp. 357-471. 

(2b be continued.) 



{Continued from 2 nd S. xii. p. 515.) 
Primo February [1590-1]. — Richarde Jones. 

Entred for his copie, &e. 


cation to the Queen'may show that it was printed when 
it was brought for entry.] 

Edward White. Entred for his copie, &c. A 
mournfull dittye, shewinge the cruelty of Arnalt 

Cosby in murderinge the lord 
January, 1590 


the 14 of 



fAt page 514 of the last volume we gave the title of an 



We know 

9 Febr. 



Ponsonbye. Entred for his 

copie, &c. A booke intituled the Countesse of 

Fembroohe s Ivt/e Churche and Emanuel 

V J 

[Two works by Abraham Fraunce are here entered to- 
gether, but they ought to have been separately paid for. 
They came out in 1591, 4to., and are tedious specimens of 
English hexameters. The author was patronised by the 
Sidneys, and through their influence became solicitor in 
the Court of the Marches of Wales : we shall hear of him 

16 Febr. — Tho. Nelson. Entred for his copie, 
&c. A ballad entituled All the merrie pranhes of 
him that whippes men in the high waies 

vi d 

25 Febr. 

W m Wright. 

Entred for his copie, 
&c. A booke entituled Frauncis Fayre weather. 

vj 4 . 

[We can offer no explanation of this entry, which may 
have been some prognostication, may have related to 
public affairs in France, or may possibly have been an- 
other work by Abraham Fraunce. At all events it has 

not survived.] 

xxvj February. — Richard Feilde. Entred unto 
him for his copie, &c. A booke entituled John 
Harrington! s Orlando fur io so, fyc. . . • vj a . 

[The earliest appearance of Ariosto's work in English, 
and printed by Field in folio 1591. Great difference of 
opinion prevails regarding the merit of this translation, 
which was so popular that it was reprinted in 1607 and 
1634, in the last instance with the addition of Sir John 
Harington's four books of Epigrams. The truth is, that 
the version is very unequal — sometimes admirable and 
exact, sometimes careless and coarse, and sometimes with 
the lawless insertion of original, not only lines, but en- 
tire stanzas. Nevertheless, it is throughout an excel* 
lent example of idiomatic English. Many of the epigrams 

were written long subsequently to the first impression of 

Cnurcne.contryruiige the spiritual/, songes and holie the translation, and one of them is upon the portrait of 

the author and his dog, as engraved in 1591.] 

1 Marcij. — Tho. Gosson. Entred for his copie. 
A ballad of A yonge man that went a woynge, 8fC 
Abeli Jeffes to be his printer hereof, provyded 

>/_ . A 

> [I his is doubtless Michael Dravton's earliest produc- 
tion, although it came out with a somewhat different 
title, viz " I he Harmonic f the Church, containing the 
Bpintuall Songes and Holv Hvnines of godlv men , Pa- 
tr.arkes and Prophetes, by M. I). London/printed bv 
Richard Ihones, &c. 1.VJ1," Svo. It is needless to sav 
more regarding it, as it was reprinted bv the Percy 
bunety in 1813, and again by the Hoxburghe Club in 

ijiot. with a number of other rare earlv poems bv 

Drayton.] " ' J 

vi to die Feb. — Rob. Dexter. Entred for his 
copie, &c. Gulielmi Salustij Bartassij hebdomadas. 
Dedicated to her Ma tie . . vid 

•••••# VI • 

[A translation of Du Bartas into Latin; the Dedi- 


alwayes that before the publishing thereof 
undecentnes be reformed vj d . 

[The above is crossed out in the book, and in the margin 
the clerk wrote — " Cancelled out of the book for the un- 
decentnes of it in diverse verses." Various ballads of the 
kind have been preserved, but none of them, that we are 
aware of, are very faulty on the score of indecency: one 
now before us begins ; 

" Come, all young lads and fair maids, 
Now listen unto me : 
I'll not tell you a tale of maremaids, 
Or any such thing of the sea ; 


8'* S. I. Jan. 18, '62. ] 



But I'll tell you how a young man 
Paid court to a girl with wit, 

Who oft with her speech had stung 
But at last in her turn was bit." 

The whole is sprightly and pleasant, and seems to refer 
to some previous popular production relating to " mer- 
maids, syrens, and fair-ones of the deep." It certainly 
cannot be the production to which the entry relates, 
which was most likely never printed, because the " un- 
decentness " was not "reformed."] 

Mr. Robert Walley. Allowed unto him these 
copies folowinge, which were his father's, viz. : 

The Shepherdes Calender. 

Cato in English and Latyn. 

The Proverbes of Salomon, Inglish. 

Salust and helium Jugurthinum. 

Mr. Grafton s computation. 

Mr. Rastelles computation. 

Esopes fables, English. 

Josephus de bello Judaico, English. 

Robyn Conscience ilij*. 

[ The Shepherd's Calendar was not a reprint of Spenser's 
Pastorals, but of the old Shepherd's Calendar which had 

long preceded them, and the title of which, as E. K. in- 
forms us, Spenser had adopted in 1579. " Cato in Eng- 
lish " was of course a school-book. The third and fourth 
works explain themselves; and nearly the same may be 
said of Grafton's and Rastell's Chronicles. " ^Esop's 

Fables in English" had originally been printed by Cax- 
ton in 1484; but John Walley or Waley, the father of 
Robert, had published an edition of them without date — 
M London, printed by Henry Wykes for John Waley " in 
8vo. Thos. Lodge made a translation of Josephus, but it 
did not come out until 1602, folio. Robin Conscience 
must mean the old interlude, of which only a fragment 
remains to us, and which we find entered to Charlwood 
on 15 Jan. 1581-2. For an account of it see Hist Engl 
Dram. Poetry, ii. 402. On 3 August, 1579, John Walley 
had entered "the second booke of Robyn Conscyence, 
with ij songes in iij partes." See Reg. Stat. Soc. (printed 
by the Shakspeare Society), vol. ii. pp. 97, 155. Martin 
Parker at a much later date, 1635, wrote a chap-book 
which he entitled Robin Conscience, or Conscionable Robin 
his Progresse through Court, City, and Country ; it was in 
ballad measure. 3 

Ultimo Marcij [1591]. — Henrie Haslop. En- 
tred unto him for his copie, a ballad wherein is 
discovered the great covetousness of a miserable 
Usurer, and the wonderfull liberalitie of his Ape, 


V J 


[In the margin opposite the above is written : "As- 
signed to W m Wright, 9 Aprill, 1591 ;" and accordingly 
we meet with it again under that date, and with some 
variation of title.] 

to worldlinges, discoveringe the covetousnes of a 
usurer and the liberality of his ape . . • iiij d . 

[See 3l March. We can easily imagine the subject of 
this ballad, in which an ape must have wantonly scat- 
tered abroad the gold which a miser had scraped to- 

17 April. — Richard Jones. Entred to him for 
his copie, &c. the Colliers, misdowtinge of f order 
strife, made his excuse to Annet his wife, frc. iiij d . 

[Clearly a sequel to the ballad which had been re- 
gistered by Christian on 2 April : there the husband 
complains to a friend, and here he apologises to his wife.] 

Abell Jeffes. Entred for his copie, &c. The 
honorable accions of that most worthie gent. Ed- 
ward Glemham, of Benhall in Suff., Esquier, with 
his most valiant conquestes againste the Spaniardes. 

[This tract has been reprinted in modern times, but 
the original is so scarce that Mr. Grenviile was obliged 
to content himself with a copy of the reprint. (See Gren. 
Cat. i. 276.) Glenham appears to have continued his 
triumphs, and we have before us what we believe to be a 
unique account of his farther victories, his subsequent 
imprisonment in Barbary, and his final romantic chal- 
lenge of his enemies. We copy the full title of it: — 
" Newes from the Levane Seas. Discribing the many 
perrilous events of the most woorthy desirving Gentle- 
man, Edward Glenham, Esquire. His hardy attempts in 
honorable fights in great perril. With a relation of his 
troubles, and indirect dealings of the King of Argere in 
Barbaric Also the cause of his imprisonment, and hys 
challenge of combat against a Stranger, mayntaining his 
Countries honour. Written by H. R. At London, Printed 
for William Wright. 1594," 4to. It occupies 24 B. L. 
pages, and relates to a voyage of adventure undertaken 
in 1593 by Glenham, in his ship the Gallion Constance.] 

W m Jones. Entred for his copie, &c. The 
Shepherdes Starr e, 6fc, dedicated by Tho. Brad- 
shaw to Therle of Essex vj d . 

[Ritson (Bibl. Poet. 138) informs us that this piece 
was licensed to Richard Jones in 1590, but it is a mistake 
both as to the name and year. The full title of this most 
rare poem runs thus : " The Shepherd's Starre, now of late 
seene, and at this hower to be observed merveilous orient 
in the East, which brings glad tydings to all that may 
behold her brightness. London, Printed by R. Robinson. 
1591." 4to.] 

xxx° Aprilis, 1591. — John Wolfe. Entred unto 
him for his copies, iij little bokes of fishing, to bee 
translated out of dutche, vj d . Item, A controversie 
betweene the fleas and women, 8fc vj d . 

[This curious memorandum is preceded by a wholly 
uninteresting enumeration of eleven books on cookery, 

Secundo Aprilis. — Rich. Christian. Entred brewing, alchemy, &c. 

unto him for his copie, &c. A ballad entituled A \ verv amusing if it had come down to our time 
Colliers Cavet to his friend to perswade to shewe ear1 ^ " little books of fi * hin «" are mentioned.] 

The Controversy would have been 

No such 

the likefollie his fancy e hath made. 

V J 

ij do die Maij. 

[Evidently alluding to some previous publication. See \ copie, &c. 

French King 

also the entry under date of the 17th April. Rich. Chris- 
tian is, we believe, a new name in the trade.] 

9 April. — Willm. Wrijzht. Entred for his 
copie by warrant from M r Cawood, and Henry 
Hasselops consent, A ballad intitled A warning e \ [Historical 

*ofa k 


Entred for his 

f Grenoble, and advertisements out of p 

Together with twoo ballettes, 


if the besieginge y and thother of 




[3"» S. I. Jan. 18, '62, 

could be recovered. Such publications were the fore- 

Wit .h 

runners of newspapers, and, under the date of 1594, we phers are undoubtedly right. yWicdpf* 

who! hara fn nntinu f\na \\\f \v a to An iha nanturo At i-;i*A. 1m. .. •/ _ _ O ' rr %> 

ahall have to notice one by Wolfe on the capture of^Gro- 


3 Maij. 


Entred for his copie in 

Br y tons Bowers of delightes 


("In our last article we were in error in not recognising 
as Nicholas Breton's work The Pilgrimage to Paradise : we 
were misled bv the date of the entry, for the onlv known 
copies of the production are of 1592, and were printed at 
Oxford, though, as we see, entered in London in 1590-1. 

if Delights 

%a. From this the y was thrown 
away as in the Lat. lac, lactis, from the Gr. yd\a, 
yd\aKro5j and the Engl, like from the Germ. Gleich; 
and the remainder XvKoppt^a (lycorrhiza) has be- 
come liquorice. The older spelling licorice is 
therefore more correct. 

With regard to reglisse, let us compare its equi- 
valents in the cognate and other languages. In 
Ital. it is regolizia, but also liquirizia ; in Span. 

lished by Richard Jones in 1591, but he seems surrep- rprmlinin ***7r,*7;~s» ma^Ali* • :« r> 4. ' ?• ' 

titioush" to have obtained the minaiurint from whteh L ™? allcia > regahza, regaliz ; in Port, regaliz ; 

titiously to have obtained the manuscript from which he 
printed it. It again came from the press in 1597, and was 
extremely popular.] 

II. Carre. Entred for his copies twoo ballades. 
Thone entitled A godly newe ballad discribinge the 

f this present Lyfe, the vanities of this 


aluring world, 


Prov. commonly ?*egalissi, but also rescalici, re- 
galisia, regalussia, recalissa, recalissi ; in Germ. 
Lakritze (Siissholz). 

But, if we compare all these forms, esp. 
Ital. UquimziA, the Sp. regalia a, regahzA, and 
the Germ. LakmrzE with the Engl. licomcE. we 

T ii ,:„i. c i . ,i i • . •. . ' 


thother A godly newe ballad, wherein is shewed I ar . e ' 1 . thmk » forced to the conclusion that the ter- 

' mination, i. c. that part of the word which follows 
the medial I or r, is in all cases of the same origin 
as the ice in our licorice, and that therefore it°is 
part of pl£a* t and does not correspond, as the 
French would have us believe, to the vKus(ykys or 
ikis) of yhvws. But, if this be so, if the second 

thinconveniency that commeth by the losse of tyrne, 

and ho we tyrne past cannot be colled againe . xij d . 

xij° Maij.— John Kydd. Entred unto him, &c. 

A ballad entitled, Declaringe the noble late done 

v jd 

actes and deedes of Mr. Edward Glemham, a Suf- 
folk gent., uppon the seas, and at St. Georges lions, 

£c. . r . 

[This was merely a ballad, and it was probably founded 
upon the tract a little above noticed. We shall have 
more to say of John Kydd, the publisher, hereafter, as 
™. b ™ tl ier of Thomas Kydd, the celebrated author of 
"The Spanish Tragedy."] 

half of the word in all cases 

fa of Mb 

how does it come that the word in many instances 
begins with an r? Is this too a part of fcfa? 

rest of the word ? 




T p n has mereI y undergone a dislocation or transposi- 

J. 1 ayne Collieb. | Hon. If, in the Ital. regolizia we change the place 

of the r and the l, we obtain legorizia, and if we 
do the same to the Prov. recalissi, we obtain 

This word and the corresponding Fr. reglisse 

It is agreed 



ic same 01*12111. 

How then ha3 


the Arabic 

been attempted, 
about the matter. 



W J) 

speaking, a nut, walnut, is used. Thus a wife will 

have undoubtedly tl 

on all hands that they are derived from y\vic6ppi£ 
the Gr. name for this root; or at any rate from its 
component parts y\vKvs and /> 
this apparently very great dissimilarity of form 

No explanation has, that I know of, 

Nobody has troubled himself i in common conversation 
The Engl, lexicographers do 
not mention reglisse ; the Fr. lexicographers do 
not mention liquorice. Still a sort of explanation 
may be gathered from their works. Our country- 
ti 1? 1VC ."'^'W'fo and also y\ VK fa and bit a . 
ihe Prench do not mention the first, no doubt on 
account of its apparently great want of rese 

Nance, but content themselves with givi.u* to 

., , . By comparing the two we arrive at 

the conclusion that liquorice and remiss 
deed composed of 
but thatwha 

words very similar to licorice, though, 
with the exception of the termination, less like the 


1 do not think that transpositions of this sort 
are common. I cannot, at the present time, recall 
one of exactly the same nature. I can only quote 

, wife, for which 
(jowz)f, strictly 



FT** . 

say to her husband 

stead of 



and 7A 


^T*j !( zow Jee), my husband, although 
she no doubt makes use of the transposition un- 


Compare Gr. Zpvfr; Talmud, 


e are m- 

(Sruza); Arab. 


nt.b.f.i ♦• *• J ( ! xa( ; tl y the same materials, 
u that what u first in the one is last in the other 
uince versa ; and certainly the fact that liauorice 




(ruzz) ; Mod. Gr. pv'&, Fr. 


some colour to 

foundation for it: 

this opinion. 

I think not. 




is there any 

p . ' -. • -•• •--*-■> -'• riz, with our equivalent, rice 
uunously enough, in Span., besides the forms aivan above 
in the text, Ave also find 

(which is arroz) 

not rice 

orozuz, meaning — 

.. but %wor ice. Cau there then be anv 

connection between opu^a and ptfa? 

\rt n h l B y m ^ be f ? und in the lexicons. I had it from 
Mr. Catafago, the author of the Arabic Diet, bearing his 

3'<» S. I. J AH. 18, '62.] 




consciously, through force of habit, and the idea of 
a walnut never crosses her mind. But walnut is 

never called .mJ (zowj). 

frequently transposed in the body of a word. 

But why in reglisse (if originally legrisse) have 
the r and the I been transposed, and not the I 
and the g, when we should have had gelrisse or 
gelarisse ? I think because, as a rule, the initial 

or other letters 


likely to be transposed than 
same syllable. * 

syllables are more 
two letters in the 


(for regalisse 

I therefore divide reglisse, 
Prov. regalissi) and n< 

It is possible, however, that no transposition has 
taken place at all. R and I so frequently inter- 
change that reglisse may have been 'derived from 
legrisse (comp. Germ. Lakritze) by the mere sub- 
stitution of an r for the I, and an I for the r. 

F. Chance. 

Edward, Marquess of Worcester, to receive the Benefit 
and Profit of a Water-commanding Engine by him in- 
vented, one-tenth Part whereof is appropriated for the 
Benefit of the King's Majesty, his Heirs and Successors/' 
27 Chas. II. cap. 4. (Private). — "An Act granting a 
Licence to His Highness Prince Rupert, Duke of Cum- 
berland, for Thirty-one Years." 

The earlier statutes from Magna Charta are all 
of arcbasological interest ; and I have omitted 
many subsequent acts for fear of encroaching too 
far on your space. 

W. H. Lammin. 




19 Henry VII. cap. 11. (Private). — " An Act for the 

Attainder of James Touchett, Knight, Lord Audley, 

Edmond Earl of Suffolk, and divers others confederate 
with Piers Warbeck." 

1 Hen. VIII. cap, 12. — "Concerning untrue Inquisi- 
tions procured by Empson and Dudley." 

1 Hen. VII L cap. 15. — "An Act adnulling of all 
Feoffments made to Empson and Dudley." 

4 Hen. VIII. cap. 7. — "An Act of Restitution for 
Thomas Empson, son of Sir Rich. Empson." 

32 Hen. VIII. cap. 17.— " An Act for Paving of Algate, 
High Holborn, Chancery Lane, Gray's Inn Lane, Shoe 
Lane, and Fetter Lane." 

1 Edw. VI. cap. 1. — " An Act against such Persons as 
shall unreverently speak against the Sacrament of the 
Altar, and of the Receiving thereof under both Kinds." 

An Act for the Repairing of a Causey 

i Mary, cap. 6. 

betwixt Bristol and Gloucester." 

1 & 2 Philip & Mary, cap. 4. 

Punishment of certain Persons calling themselves Egyp- 

23 Eliz. cap. 13. — " An Act for the Inning of Earith and 
Plumstead Marsh." 

3 James I. cap. 25. (Private). — " An Act for the Na- 
turalizing of Sir David Murray, Knt, Gentleman of the 
Prince his Bedchamber, and Thomas 
Schoolmaster to the Duke of York." 

4 James I. cap. 4. (Private). — "An Act whereby 

Richard Sackville, Esq., is enabled to make a Surrender 

unto the King's Majesty of the Offices of Chief Butler of 

England and Wales, notwithstanding his Minoritv of 


In the Gentleman's Magazine for January, 1861, 
appeared an article founded upon the Criminal 
Records of the County of Middlesex, and affording 
from that original source some curious illustra- 
tions of the morality, manners, and costume of 
the reigns of Elizabeth and James I. The writer, 
however, in dressing them up for what is now 
deemed the approved fashion of periodical litera- 
ture, has launched forth into some statements so 
startling and so apparently " overstepping the 
modesty of nature/' that it seems necessary to 
pursue him with the cry, Whither so fast ? Anions 
other assertions that are, perhaps, to be taken cum 
grano, he has confidently put forth the follow- 

" Men of birth and education were not ashamed to 
seek in the meanest artifices of the gamester, and in the 
wild excitement of the road, plunder with which to de- 
fray their tavern bills, or squander upon the newest trap- 
pings of fashion Eminent courtiers 

had been recognised, in spite of their marked faces, on 
the road ; even the dignity of justice was marred by the 
fact that some of her administrators had in their youth 
followed such vicious "ways. Sir Roger Cholmeley and 
Sir Edward Popham were both said to have occasionally 

"An Act for the ' P ract ised as gentlemen highwaymen." 

Now, " the romance of history " is all very 
well, and in these days we are pretty much 
accustomed to its vagaries ; but still, when there 
is an affectation to support extravagant gene- 
ralities by real examples, and historical names 
Murray, Esq., are brought forward to bear them out, it is time 


the Censure given in Parliament against Sir Giles Mom- 
pesson. Sir Francis Mitchell, Francis Viscount Saint Al- 
bane, Lord Chancellor of England, and Edward Flood." 
15 Chas. II. cap. 12. (Private). — " An Act to enable 

to endeavour to arrest the progress of such daring 
adventurers. Nor can it be done too soon : for 
these bold and confident assertions deceive the 
unwary, by whom they are in good faith copied 
. . and repeated. Such has already been the case in 

lincS wffiStt the Present instance : for my attention has been 

directed to the passage in the Gentleman s Magaz- 
ine by its having been adopted among the argu 


At one school I was at it was a very favourite amuse- 
ment with some of the boys to make transpositions of this 
sort, and we always instinctively followed this law. Thus 
turbot would inevitably become burtot, and not rutbot; 
wedlock, ledwock, and not dewlock. 

ments employed by Mr. Sainthill in his recent 
essay discussing the History of the Old Countess 
of Desmond. 

It is, therefore, worth while to inquire what are 
the facts with regard to Sir Roger Cholmeley and 
Sir Edward Popham. Did they occasionally 





practise as gentlemen highwaymen ? or was it 
even ever said that they had done so ? 
The aspersion on Sir 


Cholmeley 13 
avowedly founded on an anecdote related of him 
by Roger Ascham in his Schoolmaster, of which 
the whole is as follows : 

"It is a notable tale, that oM Sir Roger Chamloe, 

sometime chief justice, would tell of himself. When he 
was r.ncient in inn of court certain young gentlemen 
were brought before him to be corrected for certain mis- 
orders, and one of the lustiest said, Sir, we be young gen- 
tlemen ; and wise men before us have proved all fashions, 
and yet those have done full well. This they said be- 
cause it was well known that Sir Roger had been a good- 
fellow in his vouth. But he answered them very wisely; 
Indeed (saith he) in youth I was as you are now; and I 
had twelve fellows like unto mvself, but not one of them 
came to a good end. And therefore follow not mv ex- 
ample in youth, but follow my counsel in age, if ever ye 
think to come to this place, or to these years that I am 
come unto, lest you meet either with poverty or Tyburn 
in the wav." 

Justices, edit. 1849, vol. i. pp. 209-211), have 
already been subjected to critical investigation ? 
If not, it is certainly fit that they should be ; and 
I will undertake, in that case, to do my part to- 
wards it. John Gough Nichols, 


Foss, Lives of 

v. 294 has 


if all ft 

This story, it will be perceived, relates to " cer- 
tain misorders" committed by "certain young 
p'_ntlemen" whilst members of Lincoln's Inn, for 
which disorders Cholmeley, acting as one of the 
ancients, or senior benchers, reproved them, like 


head or tutor of a college* at Cambridge or 

Minor &att£. 

On the Degrees of Comparison. — Gramma- 
rians have explained to us how adjectives in the 
comparative and superlative forms express, in a 
greater and the greatest degree, the quality of the 
positive ; as from long we have longer and longest ; 
meaning more long and most long. But they have 
omitted to point out that smaller number of ad- 
jectives whose comparative and superlative forms 
express the quality in a less and the least degree. 
These, as usual with words unexplained, they call 

As examples we have in English, bad, better, 
best; or, less bad, least bad. 

In Latin we have mains, melior ; or bad, less 
bad; pins, pejor, pcssimus, or good, less good, least 


In some cases the adjective forms its compara- 
tive and superlative in both ways with the two 

Thus in Latin we have 




major, maxi- 
and also magnus, minor, minimus. 

In Greek we have /j.eyas, fj.eifai' 



/.'-eyas, fxeioou, ^leicros. 

fieyurTos ; 

Of these two forms the 

Oxford might now reprove his undergraduates. Ho 

warned them that they were on the road to ruin, 

and might ultimately arrive at the gallows; but I latter is at least as regular as the former, though 

he did not even hint that they had "taken to the 1 

nmd/' in the sense of the last century. In th 

version of the writer in the Gentle 


man's Magazine 

tli" story is misrepresented us describing " a party 



'ice Cholmeley, one of whom had the effrontery to 
emmd the judge of his early irregularities:"— 
misleading the reader to imagine the scene of the 
altercation to have been a court of law, where the 
young men were arraigned as criminals. But 
there is no intimation whatever in Ascham's anec- 
dote of their misdemeanours having as yet reached 
that liability. Cholmeley confesses to his youn<r 
friends that he too « had been a good- fellow in hil 
youth; but it is the first time (and let us hope 

held' h G I" li,S, V; ,il \» good-fellow has been 
held to be all one with a highwayman ' 

I was : ,bout to proceed to examine the second 

example,- that of Chief Justice Popham, whose 

:rj;' a,n ? ™ * ip J ? hn ' n <^ir I-lvvard;'but on 

less usual. 

Possibly we might add to these parvus, plus, 
plurimus, and worthy, worse, ivorst. 

A little industry would no doubt produce other 
instances out of other languages. 

It would be difficult to trace the change in the 

human mind which has led us now not to form 
comparatives and superlatives in this the less usual 
way. But in the formation of our prepositions 
we may trace a process of reasoning nearly akin 
to this now pointed out. Thus in English we 
have off, over ; on, under. In Latin sub, super. 

In Greek v-ko, virep. But whether there is any- 
thing analogous between the formation of these 





iCazin, ' Z y ,he . wmer in »h« Gentleman's 
Magazine. Before saying more, therefore, I be- 

to impure whether Lord Campbell's astoundin" 
assertions to Popham (Lives of the Chief 

prepositions from one another and the compara- 
tives above spoken of, may be doubtful. 

Samuel Sharpe. 

Sebastian Cabot. 

The birth-place of this 


individual has already been questioned in 
columns (2 nd S. v. 1, &c.), Mr. Markxand con- 
tending that Bristol must be deprived of its name, 
which had "hitherto (been) numbered amongst 
the natives and ' worthies ' of that city." With 
this opinion I entirely agreed at the time, and 
subsequent research has confirmed me in it. In 


History of Br 


press a few months since, I had frequent occa- 


3rd s. I. Jan. 18, '62.] 



n to correct the errors of Barrett, Seyer, and 
ler writers, particularly those of an antiquarian 
and biographical character ; the result of some of 


pages of " N. & Q 

probably appear in future 
this " labour of love 1 ' I 

Happened to stumble against the following pas- 



evidence of the 
Cabot was a native of Venice 

and not of Bristol. At p. 7 of Hakluytt' 



if the Voyages, Navigations, Traf* 


it man, a Venetian born ; " and subsequently, 
on the same page, he says of himself (in A Dis- 
course, Sfc), that " When my father departed 
from Venice many years since to dwfcll in Eng- 
land, to follow the trade of merchandises, hee 
tooke mee with him to the citie of London, while 
I was very yong ; " some say four years old. In 
several other places in the same work, Sebastian 
Cabot is spoken of by different writers, such as 

Peter M 

and Francis 

Lopez de Gomara, as being " a Venetian borne ; " 
this to me is conclusive on the subject. But 
further; in November, 1858, the municipality of 
Venice erected a marble bust of him in their 
Council Room, in the old palace of the Doges ; 
and why, if he was not a native ? George Pryce. 

Bristol City Library. 

Sunday Newspapers. — What would our Scot- 

tish friends 

to the 


specimen of 

American manners ? 

" The town [of New Orleans] is liberally supplied with 
churches of all denominations. I went one Sunday to a 
Presbyterian church, and was much struck on my entrj' 
at seeing all the congregation reading newspapers. Seat- 
ing myself in a pew, I found a paper lying alongside of 

a religious 

me, and, taking it up, I discovered it 
paper, full of anecdotes and experiences, &c, and was 
supplied gratis to the congregation.'' — Land of the Slave 
and the Free, by Hon. Henry A. Murray, 1855. Vol. i. 

p. 261. 


The " Parc aux Cerfs " -—I have lately been 

reading a work by Dr. Cballiee : 

* The Secret History of the Court of France under 
Louis XV., edited from rare and unpublished Docu- 
ments." 2 Vols. (Hurst & Blackett.) 

In the second volume (Appendix, p. 117), the 
following passage occurs : 

" Madame de Pompadour has been repaid by England 
for this national insult by the foul stigma branded on her 
memory by English writers. In PLngland during, and 
after the French Revolution, was propagated such abomi- 
nations as € Le Parc aux Cerfs, ou FOrigine de Vaffreux 
deficit, 1790.' We have seen by the narrative (p. 147) 
how M. Capefigue's ro}*alist researches have failed to dis- 

The p. 147 referred 



tains an attempt to prove the extraordinary asser- 
tion, that the parc aux cerfs was not an avowed, 
acknowledged, licensed (so to say) house of ill- 

fame. This, of course, no one wishes to maintain ; 
but at the same time it is a well-known fact, that 
young girls, decoyed by the Paris police, were 
systematically carried off to the parc aux cerfs for 
the gratification of the unprincipled Louis XV, 
For full details on this disgusting business, the 
reader may consult the edition of the Journal de 
Barbier, published by M.Charpentier: Paris, 1857, 
vol. v. pp. 360, 372, 373. 

It is a matter of regret that Dr. Challice's chief 
authority, in his otherwise interesting work, should 
be M. Capefigue, of whom a competent writer has 
lately said : 

"Son histoire de Philippe Auguste est le seul de ses 

ouvrages ou il y ait Papparence d'&udes s^rieuses." 

On M. Capefigue see further an article by the 
late Ch. Labitte in the Revue des Deux Mondes, 


Oct. 1, 1839. 


Jefferson Davis. 


name has now be- 

Jefferson D 

come celebrated, as being that of the first Presi- 
dent of the Southern Confederation. At an 
election for the borough of Great Yarmouth in 

wis, voted as a freeman 
George Anson, Esq., great-nephew of Lord 
Anson, the circumnavigator. The combination 
of the two names, Jefferson- Davis, is remarkable. 
Can any of your readers say, whether any con- 
nexion existed between the family of President 




C. J. P. 

Gregory of Paulton. — A biblical note con- 


a quotation from 


may possess some local interest, if you would 
kindly re-produce it for the benefit of my Paulton 

friends. The commentator (Dr. A. 


illustration of the simile of a " tinkling cymbal," 
used by the Apostle, 1 Cor. xiii. 1., proceeds : 

"I have quoted several passages from heathens of the 
most cultivated minds in Greece and Rome to illustrate 
passages of the sacred "writers. I shall now quote one 
from an illiterate collier of Paulton, in Somerset; and as 
I have named Homer, Horace, Virgil, and others, I will 
quote Josiah Gregory, whose mind might be compared to 
a diamond of the tirst water, "whose native splendour 
broke in various places through its incrustations, but 
whose brilliancv was not brought out for want of the 
hand of the lapidary. Among various energetic sayings 
of this great unlettered man, I remember to have heard 
the following : * People of little religion are always noisy ; 
he who has not the love of God and man filling his 
heart is like an empty waggon coming violently down a 
hill : it makes a great noise because there is nothing in 


5 >> 

F. Phillott. 




What is the date of the earliest extant MS. 
copy of the prophecies of St. Malachi concerning 




[3 rd S. I. Jan. 18, '62 

the Popes, from Celestine IT. (a.d. 1143) to the 
Peter who, it is prognosticated, will be the last 
occupant of the See of Rome ? 

Jean Ayraon, Domestic Prelate to Pope Inno- 
cent XI., in his Tableau de la C our tie Home (see 
the Hague edition of 1707, p. 476— 503), men- 
tions that Bale and Baronius, although unanimous 
in attributing a prophetic spirit to St. Malachi, do 
not include these prophecies in their catalogues of 
his works. Aymon hints at his own possession of 
some clue to their real author, but refrains from 

Vir religiosus 

De balneis Hetrurice 

The prophecy f 

- Pius VIII. 

- Gregory XVI. 


Cruce t 

I have affixed a note of interrogation against 
the prophecy referring to Clement XIV., because 
in a MS. copy of these prophecies now before me 

it is rendered 



The date of the MS. is between 1689 and 1691, 

i, e. 

Alexander VIII 

the colophon of the volume — which, besides the 

divulging it on the plea that it would be useless prophecies and their explanation, contains brief 
unless it could at the same time be proved that notices of the lives of the popes from the time of 
such author was divinely inspired, failing which | St. Peter — is as follows : "Le tout tres exacte- 

there would be reason to doubt the truth of his 

The meaning of this reticence on Aymon' s part 

merit transcrit de tous les originaux qui sont k 
Rome." Query, in the Vatican, or in what other 
depositary? The transcriber has not affixed his 
may be construed into an indication that it would i name to the MS., nor to the preface in which he 
be inconvenient to attribute these remarkable pro- j dedicates the work to our Saviour in a prayerful 
phecies to any uncanonised person. He leaves the and reverent spirit. The handwriting is one of 
question, therefore, to the exercise of his reader's the finest specimens of its kind that can be seen; 
private judgment, and confines himself to pointing and from the style of binding of the volume, tooled 
out in what works the prophecies attributed to and pannelled with fleur-de-lis, it has probably 
the Irish saint were first printed. lie gives the formerly been in the possession of some member 
first place to the posthumous work of Ciaconius, of the Bourbon family, 
titular patriarch of Alexandria, who died in 1599, 


Coins inserted in Tankards. — About a cen- 
tury and a half ago, as I imagine, it was the 
fashion to insert silver coins in English glass tan- 

and whose v da* et gesta Romanoimm Pontificum ct 
Cardinalium was published by Francis de Mo- 
rales Cabrera, in 1601-2. Aymon refers, for 

confirmation on this point, to N. A. Schot, author 

of the Historic Bible ; to Guilin, in his Theatre of kards. Is anything known of the makers' of them, 

Italian Letters; to De Them's History, book 122; 

and to Moron's Dictionary; in all of which, as date? I have two: one containing a twopenny 

well as in other works, these prophecies are in- piece of George II., and another with a half- 
crown of Charles II. The design of the two is 
very similar, except that the one with the earlier 

and whether the coins enclosed are a sign of the 


Writers preceding Aymon had published 
p!anation3 of the 
down to the r 


fulfilment of the prophecies 


is not finished quite as well as the other. 

>pes reigning at the time they The half-crown, however, is rubbed ; and so must 

wrote. For instance, details of the kind are to be 
found evrn in such educational compilations as 


have been some considerable time in circulation, 
which somewhat militates against the tankard 

!™ }v m }^ V ? , Snri ! nj . °J l I ie . Pre*™* Slate of being contemporary with the°coin. Would any 

""684). The latest of your correspondents be kind enough to inform 

notice which I have seen bringing down the ful- 
filled prophecies to our own times, 
French Almanac Pt 
annually since 1840. 

was in the 

'ophctique, which has appeared 

The article was 


., ,. ~ in one of 

the earlier years of its publication, but I did n 

preserve it. Perhaps some reader of " BT & Q 
mav have it in his possession, if so it would obli 
if he will furnish the fulfilments, as there ex- 
plained, from the period when Aymon leaves 
Inese would include tb" *^».i 



D' bona refiffione - 
Milts in bello 
Culumnu excehn 

Animal rurule 
linsa Umbria 
Ursus (?) v e l ox 

Peregrin us npustolicut 
Afjuila rapax 
Canis it rnlttbpr 

>e prophecies : 

Innocent XIII. 

Benedict XIII. 
Clement XII. 

Benedict XIV. 

Clement XIII. 

Clement XIV. 
Pius VI. 

Pius VII. 
Leo XII. 

us whether they possess any such specimens of 
glass, and the coins enclosed in them ? It would 
be of some interest to those who care about Eng- 
lish glass to have this point settled. J. C. J. 

Crony. — I have never seen a derivation of 
this word ; but find, in Pepys's Diary (30th May, 
1665,) he speaks of the death of Jack Cole, "who 
was a great clirony of mine." From the spelling, 
I should fancy the word to be an abbreviation of 
chronological — such as Co. for Company ; demi- 
rep., for demi-reputation ; mob, for mobile, &c. ; 
and means one of the same time or period. Pepys 

A. A. 

says he was his school- fellow. 
Learned Dane on Un 

,, " J he anci ent sculptors carved, and the poets described 
the temale deer and sheep as horned : indeed, thev added 
homes to many creatures which never bore them. 

Horned snakes were as pure fictions as the phecnix. 

3'd S. I. Jan. 18, '62. 




Maupertuis says that fables of horned things were col- 
lected by a learned Dane at the end of the last century, 
and published.with suitable plates as A Treatise on Uni- 


)f Natural H\ 

p. xi. London, 1763, 8vo. 

sages from 

I of the Danish writer, and any pas- 
"the ancients" confirmatory or ex- 

F. R. 

I have heard 

planatory, will oblige 

Sir H. Davy and James W 

p Humphrey Davy pooh-poohed gas-light- 
I James Watt steam navigation. Can any- 
one verify or refute these statements, or either of 

them ? 


Euripides and Menander. — In A Brief Out- 
line of the History of Greece, by Robert Williams, 
A.M., London, 1775, the author, noticing the 
Peloponnesian war, says : 

" Euripides omitted no opportunity of placing" a Spar- 
tan in a bad position, either as ridiculous or wicked ; and 
in this, if we may credit Athenaeus, he was wantonly 
followed by Menander.'' — P. 74. 


No reference is given : Could one be \ 

M. R. G. 

" God's Providence is mine Inheritance." 

Everybody that has visited Chester must have 
seen " God's Providence House " in Water-gate 
Street, — one of those curious gable-fronted, 
timber houses, for which Chester is so remarkable. 

" Tradition avers that this House was the only one in 
the City that escaped the Plague which ravaged the City 

scription the other day, by meeting with the fol- 
lowing passage in Bp. Burnet's Sermon, preached 
Jan. 7, 1691, at the funeral of the Hon. Robert 
Boyle : 

" I will say nothing of the Stem from which he sprang ; 
that watered garden, watered with the blessings and dew 
of Heaven, as well as fed with the best portions of this 
life; that has produced so many noble plants, and has 
stocked the most families in these kingdoms, of any in 
our age; which has so signally felt the effects of their 
humble and Christian Motto, God's Providence is my 


When did the Boyle family assume this motto ? 
Any information as to its origin and history will 


be very acceptable to 




fe of 

Guion, 2 vols. 8vo, 

Bristol, 1772? Does it adhere more closely to 
the original than the mutilated version by T. D. 
Brooke, printed in 1806? Whas has become of 
the translation made by Cowper, and hitherto un- 
published? Where may a complete list of the 
writings of this gifted woman be found? Delta. 

Families who trace from Saxon Times. 

I have occasionally heard of men, of the yeoman 
or farmer class, whose families have held th 

e same 

lands since the times before the Conquest, and I 

w r as told lately of an instance in Berkshire. 

It would be interesting to ascertain the number 

of them in every county; their names; the tenure 
during the seventeenth century. In gratitude for that I by which they have continued to hold their lands, 
deliverance, the owner of the House is said to have carved ,v j f i ^ rt *„;L ^c 4 l a - ^,^/\ ^^nnnmn /J^^nt 

linftT1 t h P r' f thpop word*. " and the nature ot their proofs ol genuine descent. 

upon the front these words : 

114 1652. God's Providence rs Mine Inheritance, 

1652.' " * 

I remember being much struck with this quaint 
and interesting, but decayed old mansion, when I 
first visited Chester in 1851. As I read the beau- 
tiful motto carved on the cross-beam, it occurred 
to me that it was possibly derived from some old 
version of the 16th Psalm, verse 6 — " The Lord 
Himself is the portion of mine inheritance . . . 
Thou shalt maintain my lot." But the poor old 
House no longer affords a bright picture of the 

The descendants of the No 

they were 

followers of 

according to 

William, upstarts as 

Thierry in his History of the Conquest, must yield 

precedence in antiquity to the old Saxon, and 

drop the 






which many are so proud to 

prefix to their names with very little claim to the 

A Saxon landholder of those days, 

Providence of God, as doubtless it once did in its 
palmy days ; it can no longer take up the next 

" The lot is fallen unto me in a 

verse and 


fair ground ; yea, I have a goodly heritage ; " it 
now looks sordid and degraded, uncared for, and 
gloomy, — in a word, Disinherited ; and affords us 
a striking emblem of God's ancient people Israel, 
in their present forlorn and outcast state. And 
yet it was once a stately mansion, and the armo- 
rial bearings of its original owner are still to be 
seen carved on one of its beams. Sic transit 
Gloria Mundi ! 
This miirht be il 

Ichabod ! The Glory is departed i 


I was reminded of this old house and its in- 


stripped of his property, fell into obscurity, and 
was thus saved from the fate of their conquerors, 
who suffered from the effects of many revolutions 
among themselves, as, I believe, that few, if any, 
of the Norman chiefs left more than their names 
to their successors after the lapse of two centu- 
ries ; but on this point I am not qualified to give 
an opinion, not having access to reliable authori- 

Charles II. is reported to have said of an old 
Saxon family, that they must have been fools or 
very wise not to have added to their property 

nor lost it. 


From Mr. Hughes's valuable Handbook to Chester. 

Harrisons of Berks. — A little information as 
to the lineage of the Harrisons of Berks, would 
be gladly received ? I find, in Berry, John Har- 
rison, Pinchampstead, Berks: — Arms. Or, on a 
chief sa. three eagles displayed of the field. Crest, 

Out of a ducal coronet or, a talbot's head of the 




[8** S. L Jan. 18, '62. 



last; date 1623. Another coat of 

Finchampstead gives : Or, on a cross sa., an eagle 
displayed with two heads of the field. There was 
also, Sir Richard Harrison of Hurst, Berks, who 
married a Dorothy Deane ; and about the mid- 



Edmund Ht 

rison of Lawrence Poultney Hill, who married 
Mnry Fiennes. She died 1731; but I know not 
whether he was related to the above. \V. W. 

Irish Peers. — Can you inform me whether, 
before the Union, when a peer of Ireland was 
called on to give evidence in an English Court of 
Justice, he was required to take an oath ? 


Juryman's Oath. — From the trial of the regi- 
cides, as given in the State Trials, it appears that 
at the time of the Restoration, the form of the 
juryman's oath differed from that now used, in not 
containing the words " according to the evidence" 
The jurymen were sworn true verdicts to give ; 
but not true verdicts to give according to the 

Does the difference in form refer to any differ- 
ence that may once have existed in the functions 
of the jury ? Is there any more ancient form re- 
corded than the one used^ at the trial of the re- 
gicides ? 

Letting the New Year in. — Can an 



tion in reference to what is called "letting the 
new year in " — which believes, that if the kindly 
office is performed by some one with dark hair, 
Dame Fortune will smile on the household ; while 
it augurs ill if a light-haired person is the first to 
enter the house in the new year? It sounds like 
a trick^ of the witches ; but however it arose, it 
stands its ground well, as I found to my cost no 
longer ago than on the morning of New Year's 

D ?i\l a ii LOCKED-OUT. 



When different materials are to 

as a 

engaged, not upon common cookery, but upon 
what was in those days a scientific process. Per- 
haps the word was meant to work some terror, as 
one used by great alchemists and conjurors : if it 
can be proved to have been a common word, it 
is an answer to my query. But proof will be 

In recent times the word makings has gained a 
semi-slang currency. This seems to indicate the 

want of a real English word. 

A. De Morgan. 

Name wanting in Coleridge's u Table- 
Talk." — Coleridge says (Table - Talk, p. 165, 3rd 
edit., under the date March 31, 1832) : 

" I remember a letter from 

to a friend of his, a 

bishop in the East, in which he most evidently speaks of 
the Christian Scriptures as of works of which the Bishop 

knew little or nothing." 

The editor states, in a note, that he has lost the 

name which Mr. Coleridge mentioned. 

Can any reader of " N. & Q/' supply it ? S. C. 

The Passing Bell. — In Nichols's Collection of 
Poems, London, 1780 (vol. iii. p. 201), is a poem 
on " The Passing Bell." Who is the author of it, 
and when was it first published ? D. 

Redmond Crest. — "A flaming cresset, or a 
fire-basket raised on a pole, being a sort of signal 
along the coast," to serve for lighthouses. 

This was the crest of the Duke of Exeter, who 
was the heir presumptive to the throne of Eng- 
land, being of 

legitimate female line 


House of Lancaster, by the 
from William the Con- 
queror. The Duke's name was Henry Holland, 
Lord High Admiral of England in the reign of 
Henry VI. Query, Is this the crest of the present 
Redmond family who came from Normandy with 
William the Conqueror, and subsequently went to 
Ireland with Strongbow in the reign of Henry II., 
where they had immense possessions in Wexford 
find other places ? The original name is Raymond, 

but Anglicised Redmond. 

St. Aulaire. 

J. H. 

be used or compounded to make something 

pudding or an argument, what is the old English 

word by which such materials are signified ?° In 

our time we have materials, principles, compon- J olies choses"? 

ents, elements, constituents, ingredients : but not ''" ^ ' '" 

Can you direct me to a copy of 

the quatrain, written at ninety by St. Aulaire, to 

taire said 

Maine ; concerning which Vol- 
" Anacreon, moins vieux, fit de moins 

one of these is En-di-h. 


but it seems to apply chiefly to cases in which 
there is but one ingredient ; as stuff for a coat or 
gown. How would a housewife of the Time of 
Elizabeth have signified that she had been out to 
buy materials for the pudding? "Stuff for the pud- 
fling, might have been understood : and no doubt 
under the word garden-stuff, many different vege- 
tables are signified. B ut where is the word whTch 

has the distinctive force of ingredients in the ? This very word is applied by 

Shakspeare; but the witches, who use it, were 

for December. 
Tilt Family. 

>ned in Temple Bar, 

Mortimer Collins. 
The name of Tilt is a very 

rare one in England : one branch from Brighton 
is represented by Dr. Tilt ; another, and between 
which and the former no connexion is yet traced, 
came from Worcestershire, and is now extinct in 
the male line by the death of Charles Tilt— the 
millionaire. I am anxious for genealogical pur- 
poses, to know from which locality, in Worcester- 
shire, the latter branch is derived, and whether 
anything is known of its early history ? Also the 
arms borne by it, which (if I recollect aright) 
were figured on the family carriage— as " A chev- 

&* S. I. Jan. 18, '62. ] 



ron between three roundels ; crest, a dolphin/ 1 

although the tinctures are unknown to me. It 
may not be generally known that this family co- 
represents a junior branch of the Protectors 
house. One of the descendants of the latter kept 
a shop in Skinner Street, Holborn ; he died leav- 
ing one or more daughters, from the issue of 
which the connexion is traced. I should be glad 
to know the links, and whether the Tilt family 
directly married a Cromwell ; or whether it was 
the heiress of her descendant who brought the 
representation to it. Several relics of Oliver 
Cromwell are in the possession of the descendant 
of a daughter of the Tilts : the most notable of 
which is a massive gold ring, with his arms, ini- 
tials, and date, engraved on it. 

Malcolm Macleod. 

Warner Pedigree. 

Harman Warner, aged 

70 in 1586, is said to have been the father of 
John Warner, Bishop of Rochester, and of Anne 
Warner who married Thomas Lee, — whose son 
was Archdeacon of Rochester. Wanted the name 
of Harman Warner's wife and those of his parents, 
with any information as to his ancestors. G, H. D. 

Ihntxiti fcoitl) fttuftotrtf. 

Otho Vjenius : John 

I have now 

before me two small books, about which and 
their authors I should be glad if any of your cor- 
respondents could give me information: 1st, a 
12mo. vol. printed at Amsterdam in 1684, and 

Emblemata Horat 


has pp. 207, and consists of engravings with de- 
scriptive letter-press, consisting of a few lines of 
Horace illustrating the plates, and the same me- 
trically rendered in German, French, and Dutch. 

2. A small edition 


de Med 

metrical precepts of the medical school of Salerno, 
edited, with curious comments, by Zacharias Syl- 
vius, a doctor of medicine in Rotterdam ; printed 
at Rotterdam in 1667. Exon. 

[Otho Vaenius, or Van Veen, a celebrated painter, was 
born at Leyden in 1556 ; studied at Rome under Fede- 
rigo Zucchero; settled at Brussels in the service of 
Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma, after whose death 
he removed to Antwerp, where he had Rubens for his 
pupil. He died at Brussels in 1634. Vasnius distin- 
guished himself in literature as well as in the arts, for 
besides Horace's Emblems, with Observations, he pub- 
lished A History of the War of the Batavians against 
Claudius Ctvilis and Ctrialis, from Tacitus; The Life of 
Thomas Aquinas : The Emblems of Love Divine and Pro- 
fane; and The Seven Twin Sons of Lara, with fortv il- 
lustrations. The quarto edition of 1607 of Horatii Em- 
blemata is the most prized, because it contains the first 
impression of the plates. _ The Schola Salerni, or Regi- 
men Sanitatis Salernitanum, the most celebrated of all 
Leonine Poems, was written by the learned doctors of 
Salerno, and contains rules for the preservation of health, 
and the prevention of disease, composed for the use of 
Robert of Normandy, son of William the Conoueror. to 

whom it is dedicated. No poem was more popular in 
the middle ages, and many of its precepts are frequently 
quoted even to this day. According to Sir Alex. Croke 
there is some uncertainty respecting John de Milano; 
who he was, where he lived, or what share he had in the 
poem Schola Salernitana. There was indeed a John, a 
monk of Mount Casino, said by Peter Diaconus to have 
been a learned and eloquent physician, a disciple of Con- 
stantine, and to have flourished in 1075, who may be the 
person (Z)e viris illust. Casinens, cap. xxxv.) He quitted 
his monastery, and died at Naples, where he deposited the 
works of Constantine. The time and the other circumstances 
do not disagree, but Peter Diaconus does not mention his 
surname, and though he speaks of a medical book of 
Aphorisms written by him, he says nothing there, or 
any where else, of the Schola Salerni. His commentator, 
Zacharias Sylvius, was a physician of Rotterdam, whose 
dedication is dated in 1648.] 

Proba. Falconia. — The Cento Virgilianus of 
Proba Falconia contains the history of our first 
parents, Adam and Eve, and the life'of our Saviour 
Christ in Latin verse, selected from the works of 
Virgil. My copy of this singular work is printed 
at Lugdunum (Lyons), by Stephen Gorgon, in 
1615. The authoress was of the Anician family, 
the first of senatorian rank who embraced Chris- 
tianity at the time of Constantine ; and she is de- 
scribed in the 31st chapter of Gibbon's 
after the fall of her fortunes in Rome. 

His tory 


Jerome, in his epistle to Demetriades, " De Ser- 
vanda Virginitate," declares she ought, 4< 



her conduct in the most trying period of her his- 
tory. Is there any other account of this early 
Christian poetess extant, and why are her verses 

called " Centones ? 

Thomas E. Winnington. 

[Some account of this ingenious lady will be found in 
Migne, Patrologicc Cursus Completus, tom. xix. p. 802, ed. 
Paris, 1846. Migne cites Isidorus Hispanensis and 
Gelasius, and adduces the authorit3 r of Justus Fontanini 
in proof that the true name of the lady was Faltonia, 
not Falconia. See, however, Zedler's Lexicon, under 
Falconia. — Cento is properly a piece of patchwork. Hence 
poems composed of selected verses strung together were 
often called Centones. " Cento, carmen seu scriptum ex 
variis fragmentis contextual ; cujusmodi plurima exstant 
notissima." — Du Cange.~\ 

Ancient Games. — In looking over the Statutes 

at Large in search of an illustration of an old 
custom which I had occasion to investigate, I 
noticed this enactment, 14 Edw. IV. cap. 3 : 

"No person shall use any of the Games called Klosse, 
Half-bowle, Kayles, Hand in Hand, or Queckbord, upon 
pain of two years 1 imprisonment, and forfeiture of x li." 

There are also in the statutes a long series of 
enactments against unlawful games, especially 
"as causing injury to the makers of bows and 
arrows." Amongst thes*3 occur the games u Lo- 
getting in the Fields," u Slide Thrift, otherwise 
called Shove Groat." Can any correspondent say 
what these games were, or give any account of 
them ? The court leets of this ancient borough 

abound with Dresentations of persons mulcted in 




[3'«* S. I. Jan. 18, '62 

the penalty incurred by the practice of these un- 

lawful games. 

The Vicar of Leominster. 

[Most of these games are noticed in Strutt's Sports 
and Pastimes. Klosse, or Clash, is a game at nine- pins. 
Half -bowl, called in Hertfordshire Roily -polly, is a same 
consisting of fifteen small pins of a conical form. Kayles 
was also plaved with pins. Hand-in-hand with Queck- 


(3 r * S. i. 8.) 


bordy is not explained. 


the game of Loggats, resembling kittle-pins. 


thrift or Shove-groat, was probably analogous to the 

modern pastime called Justice Jervis, common in tap- 


(2 ud S. xii. 409.) 

Mr. Clarence Hopper, and such of the readers 
of u X. & Q." as have shared the pleasure with 
which I have read that gentleman's valuable Un- 
published Biography of this distinguished Loyalist, 
will probably be interested in the perusal of the 
warrant for his execution ; which has, I believe, 
never been published, and of which the original is 
now before me. 

" England to Wit. 
" At the Court holden at Westminster, the five and 
twentieth day of May, in the yeare of our Lord one 
thousand six hundred fiftie and eight, before The Conv 
missioners appointed by virtue of a Commission under 
the great sea!e of England, in pursuance of an Act of Par- 
liament intituled an Act for security of His Highness the 
Lord Protector his person, and continuance of the nation 
in peace and safety; and continued by Adjournment to 
the Second day of June, one thousand six hundred and 
fiftie and eight. 

41 Whereas, upon a charge exhibited before this Court 
against John Hewet, D r of Divinity, the said John Hewet 
is, and standeth convicted, sentenced, adjudged, and con- 
demned; and the said sentence the present second day 
of June, in the yeare of our Lord one thousand six hun- 
dred fiftie and eight, pronounced against him by the 
Court to bee as a Traytor to His Highness the 'Lord 



parish to Shouldham-Thorpe or Garbesthorp, 
the residence of the Butts family. It was in the 
main a very correct pedigree ; but with it, on 
a separate sheet, was another containing several 
descents from a Sir Edmond de Shouldharn, 
" slain whilst fighting in front of the English army 
at the battle of Falkirk." It would seem the lady 
I refer to did not know what to do with Sir Ed* 
mond, neither did I myself. The papers were 
laid aside, and it was not till some time after the 
expose by Lord Monson and others that they came 
under my observation again, when the accompany- 
ing sheet, on re -perusal, clearly proclaimed Mr. 
Spence's hand-work. 

I think S. TVs suggestion of a list of Spence's 
fabrications being recorded in " N. & Q." very 
good ; and, in addition to Shouldham, I would 
call attention to the pedigree of 4t Roundell of 
Gledstone and Screven" in Burke's Landed Gen- 
try. A note to this pedigree states that " The early 
descents of the family of Roundell are inserted on 
the authority of a very ancient pedigree of the 
Cotgreaves, stated to be the work of the celebrated 
Handle Holme, derived from documents compiled 
by Camden." 

The Spencean origin of the early part of the 
pedigree will, I think, be clear to any reader at 
all acquainted with Spence's forgeries. G. H. D. 

Various letters on this subject have been ad- 
dressed to myself, by gentlemen to whom applica- 
tions of a similar nature to those mentioned in the 


article cited above were sent from N 

Other letters from the same quarter have been 

I Wet or and This Comonwt^ again ! _ shown to _ me ty members of the Heralds' Col- 

. . . . unto the Tower of London, and from" thence through 

the midle of the City of London directly to be drawne 

unto the Gallows of fyburne; and upon the said gallows 

there to bee hanged ; and, being alive, to be cutt downe 

to the ground, and his Intralls to be taken out of his 

lege, to whom the recipients had consigned them. 

One of these letters, dated June 10, 1844, was 

from a most respectable clergyman of Norfolk, 

and mentions what seems to have been a further 

., — ^. v,....,., rwM4 lli7S uhlans lu ue, iHKen out or nis i , , . ... rn , n 

belly and (hee living) to bee burnt before him- and his I attem P* at imposition. lhe words are : 

head to be cut off, and his body to be divided into four 
quarters; and that his said head and quarters should be 
placed where His Highness The Lord Protector shall be 
deased to assigne. Of which sentence and Judgment 
execution yet remaineth to bee done. These are, there- 
fore, in the name of His Highness The Lord Protector, 
to will and require you, the Sheriffs of London and Mid- 
dlesex, to see the said sentence and Judgment executed 
accordingly on Saturday, being the fifth dav of this 
Instant month of June, betweene the Hours of nine in 
the morning and two in the afternoone of the same day, 
with full effect. J 

" Signed in the name and by Order of the said Court, 

"To the Sheriff of London 
and Middlesex.'' 

" JO. PlIELPtS, 

" Clerk of the said Court. 

"Mr. Spence has offered me a book, which he describes 
as having been purchased of the iate Mr. Lloyd, of Bank 
Place, Chester, for 5/. The title of the book is Sir Peter 
Legh's Cheshire Gentry. It was printed in 1602, and was 
a private publication. My surprise is, that the book is 
unknown at the Heralds' College and the British Mu- 
seum, and not in any Catalogue that I can refer to." 

This Sir P. L. would be the owner of Lyme 
noticed in Wilson's Journal and in the notes to 
the Lady of the Lake, in connection with the 
Deer-chase, and whose lady has a monument at 
Fulham. As to the book, however, I do not 
think that, if it ever existed in a genuine form, 
it could have escaped me, and in such form, I 


\V. J. T. i never heard of its existence. 



3'* S. I. Jan. 18, '62.] 




(2 nd S 


The following is transcribed from the original 
bill, and affords a still older example of legal 
charges than that given by Mr. Peacock. As 

will be seen, Mr 

Cox is the soli- 


clients. The preservation of the bill is desirable, 
as the contents may assist future writers on the 

Wells, in referring to 


documents relating to an important period. The 
incidental references to " Polidor Virgill " are 
also interesting. Solicitors in modern times are 
not oflen found leaving the sum they are willing 
to receive to be fixed by their clients as Mr. Cox 
has done. 


WbrB the Deane and Chapter 
laid out by me Barth'ew Cox. 

their Charges 

" Mich. 7 Car. R.'s I. 

For Search of the Patent made to Edward £ s. d. 

Dyer, Esq'r, 27* Maij . . . 27* Eliz'h - 

For the Coppie, vj sheets - 

For Searching the first fruits Office for the 
Archdeaconry of Welles, and the p'ticu- 
lars of the Corps - 

For the Coppie and signing therof 

For the search for power sev'all Archdea- 
cons - 

For two Constats of Composic'ons for the 
said Archdeaconry, — one for M r Rugg, 
the second for M r D'cor Wood - 

For the search of the two Surrenders of 
Polidor Virgill, w'ch was 26 t0 December, 
An° 38 H. 8 

For the Coppie, 10 fol. - 

For the searching how the same came out 
of the Crowne to the Duke of Som'st by 
E. vj th , by viewing of two sev'all patents, 
and an Indenture of Exchange -> 

For searching for the Indenture of Exchang 

wherby the Duke conveyeth the same to 
the King - 

For taking a Coppie of the p'ticul 

For searching for the Lres Patents made 
vnto Polidor Virgill for life, of the Arch- 
deaconry - 

For a Coppie therof, 7 sheets 

For view of a patent made vnto Polidor 
Virgill to absent himselfe from the Arch- 
deaconry, and to travel 1 beyond the Seas 

For search wether the £x rent reserved by 
the patent made to Dyer were any p't of 
the £cxx vjs. paiable yearly by the Dean 
and Chapter to his Ma' tie, "and I finde it 
is not p't therof - 

For search wether the £x rent (pension) 
were not p't of the £lxij and odd money 
paid by the Deane and Chapter to the 
King:, and I finde it is not p't thereof - 

For a Coppie of the two Records - 

For a Constat from the Auditor that the 


nij viij 

* • • • 

• % ■ 


• • 


• • • 

• • • 


• • 


• % 

now Archdeacon doth 


(tenths and 

x pay 

m ) for Barrow as 

p'cell of his Archdeaconry 
For composing and writing two Breviats 
for the Cause, the one for M r Maidwell, 

the other for M r D'cor Wood - 

• - * 


• • • 

vj vnj 

• • • • 


• • • • 

J 1»J 

• - * • 


• • • • 

J "1J 

J ">J 

11 )J V1JJ 

w m w m m 

* • • . 

J J»j 

• • • • 

J uy 

• • • 

VJ V11J 

vj viij 

For the Search to see the p'ticulars of the 
£xlvj and odd money, payable by the 
Deane and Chapter vnto his Ma'tie 

For the Coppie thereof - 

For the searching at the Rolles for the Act 
of Parliament for the IlestitucOu of the 

■ 9 



Sum to tall is 

- £v 0$. xd. 

For my travell and charg herein I doe 
humbly referre myselfe to the Chapter, 
Certifieinge hereby that I continewed my 
paines herein by the space of a Moneth 

* or vpwards in London." 

Mr. Bartholomew Cox was an attorney in good 
repute in Wells. He was Town Clerk of Wells 
for many years ; and so much was his character 

honorable man respected, 
and so high was his legal talent estimated, that 

as an 

intelligent and 

the Corporation chose him as Mayor in 1624, 
1632, 1636, and 1648, and on those occasions the 
corporate body appointed a Deputy Town Clerk 
during Mr. Cox's year of office. Ina. 

Biblical Literature 


(2 nd S. xii. 521.) — Mr. Carpenter's attention has 
just been called to a remark of yours affecting 


N. &Q 

H.- — - — ~. Q 


much of the current literature, including 




In a note which you append to a question 
asked by Mr. E. W. Bartlett, you say, " In a 
review of Home and Carpenter's Introduction to 
the Study of the Holy Scriptures, in the Christian 
Remembrancer for Jan. 1827, some accusations of 
piracy and plagiarism from Mr. Home's valuable 
work are exhibited against Mr. Carpenter." 

Mr. Carpenter does not complain of this re- 
mark, though it seems to have been uncalled for, 



you in 

justice to state, in the next number of " N. & Q.," 
that the accusations of the Christian Remembrancer 
were very fully examined and, as was said, refuted 
in the Eclectic Review, the Congregational. Evan- 

gelical, and Baptist Magazine 
odicals of that day, as also 
himself, A Reply to the Che 
Plagiarism against William C 
to the Rev. Hartivell Home. 

in a pamphlet by 
*ge$ of Piracy and 

Tudor House, Chevne Walk. 

Harriet Car 






ber of the 11th January, with reference to the 
44 Commissariat of Lauder," and I will be glad if 
you will enable me to correspond with the writer 

of it, M. G. F. 

I have no such Index as is referred to in the 
Note; and am, of course, the most likely person 
to be applied to in any case in which the Index 


So it 





[8* S. I. Jan. 18, '62. 

M. G. F. and myself, as well as of service to the 
public, that I should know where such an Index 

can be found. 

Robert Romanes. 

Commissary Clerk's Office, Lauder, 

13ih Jan. 1862. 

Muff (2 nd S. xii. 391.) — There is perhaps no 

nation upon the earth more prone to giving nick- 
names than the Dutch, and (though I may seem 
to utter a paradox) I can confidently affirm that 
the chief characteristic of our nation is irony. 
Wonderful, indeed, is the appreciation of cha- 
racter thereby displayed by our lower classes : 
wonderful their deplorable dexterity to hit the 
hurt (sore). I need not tell, that there is hardly 
a place in the Netherlands, be it ever so small, but 
has its popular appellative : " Amsterdam cake- 

If, however, my verbosity might propose an- 
other origin for the term, I would suggest that at 
first it was only designed for the Russians, whose 

national dress, in furs 

iff* (Dutch mof) 

may as well have elicited the designation, as the 


muf'by Dutch noses. John H. van Lennep 

Zeyst, near Utrecht. 

Bishops' Thrones (2 nd S ; xii. 249, 350.) 
Mr. Buckton's communication on this subject 


Haarlem midges? & 

Thus it is w 
which often th 

iff, Belgice mof, 




added; because of the supposed uncultured, fresh, 
and verdant state of the person alluded to. Now 
mofU the nickname applied by the natives of the 
Low Countries to all foreigners, Germans espe- 
cially : for, be it further known, the uncivilised 


one or two further questions 



sometimes those of 

being able to understand them. The Dutchman, 
suspicious as he is, and always in fear of being 
sold, wants to know what is spoken about : and 
then he is too proud to confess that, when ad- 
dressed, he will not be able to reply, from neither 
catching the sense nor possessing the language. 
So, he revenges himself by a nickname. 

After this long digression, I must come to the 
point. The German, in Holland, is saluted with 
the interjection of " mof" or "groene mof I" be- 
cause our cultivating classes judge all Germans 
by the Westphalian specimens, who, 
as storks, annually migrate to mow our meadows. 

Bcickton says truly, " Perhaps no church has ad- 
hered more pertinaciously to its ancient practices 
than the Greek or Oriental." Are we to under- 
stand by this that the well-known arrangement 
of an ancient Basilica, the bishop sitting in the 
midst of his Presbyters at the eastern extremity 
of the apse, is still found in Greek churches ? 

I think few scholars understand by "cancelli," 
the " steps before the holy gates;" they were the 
rails or screen between nave and choir. 

What is the authority for the statement that 
the south-east corner is the " seat of dignities ? " 

The " coenobiarcha " is of course the head of the 
coenobium, whatever its technical 
might be, attached to the church ; and probably 

" antistes " has, in this connexion, the same mean- 
in ir. 


9 " 

as regular 




These are pronounced to be " as green as grass " 

), or "grass-muffs" (gras- 
moffeu), and to deserve the epithet, which, in 
its original spelling, mvf denotes a musty, close 
(here unicashy) exh 
alleged derivation. 

Does Mr. Buckton mean to imply that a me- 
tropolitan would be less "^purely ecclesiastical " if 
he were called "princeps sacerdotum" or "sum- 
mus sacerdos," than when called "primse sedis 

The question whether the bishop is among the 
Presbyters, " primus inter pares," is hardly one 
for the pages of " N. & Q. ; " but I should like to 
know the authority for the statement that, "in 
reference to the people who elect him, he is $er- 


I beg leave 

vus servoriim Dei." 

Old Libraries (2 nd S. xii. 469.) 

to apprise your correspondent Mr. Blades that 

there is a church library at Monk's Sleigh, in the 

county of Suffolk, in which it may be worth his 

This, at least, is the while to inquire for " Caxtons." My remini- 


bours, to have arrived in our midst " floating 
down the Rhine on a wisp of straw," 

And, as for the German of J scences of this library are only those of a lad, but 

pretensions — who, by dint of incredible I think it worth while to mention it. If my me- 

ality and proverbial exertion, succeeds in mory serves me right, there are also a few books 

realising a handsome fortune in Holland — he is appertaining to the church of Milden in the same 

said by us, his jealous and less fortunate nei^h- neighbourhood, as well as to Hadleigh. 

There is also a collection of a few hundred vols, 
in the vestry of St. James's, Bury St. Edmunds, 

and a few MSS. 


83, Highbury New Park. 

Aristotle on Indian Kings (2 ud S. xii. 6,531.) 
The passage of Aristotle on Indian kings, cited 

een strouwi.sch aun home a drijven. 

Hij is op 

It cannot be thought beyond the purpose to 
add, that the term muff will have passed the 
Channel wit !i the motley troops of William III. 
The Dutch, not being a military nation, many 
have been th. muffs, real and supposed, who have 

served in our army — German, English, Scotch, 
and Swiss. 

by Fordun from his Treatise de Regimine Princi- 
pum, is (as has been remarked by your corre- 
spondent Mr. Henry Bradshaw, and as had been 


3*d S. I. Jan. 18, '62.] 





the Arians, and after his death two Volumes of his Dis* 

Beer e turn Secretorum. Jourdain, Recherche* sur les 
Traductions La tines cTAristote (Paris, 1843, 8vo), 



pute during the thirteenth, and particularly the four- 
teenth century; that it was translated into most 
of the languages of Europe ; and that the original 
of these translations was a Latin version of an 




It may be observed that 

Fordun was a writer of the fourteenth century. 



Secretum is given in Wenrich, De Auctorum Grce- 
corum Versiouihus Syriacis f Arabicis, SfC Lips. 
1842, pp. 102, 141-2. In p. 141 he ascribes the 
translation in Syriac to Jahja ben Batrick, on 
the authority of Rich. Neander, Sanctce Linguce 
Hebrcea Erotemata, p. 558. Neander himself, 
however, appears to found his statement on the 
fact of the translation being attributed to Johannes 
fil. Patricii in the printed edition of the Secretum 

(Bologna, 1516) 


turn j with the real or pretended prologue of ben 

Patrick or Joannes filius Patricii, ascend to the 
thirteenth century. 

The following is the passage in question, from 




ed. Paris, 1520, 


to be 
jects : 

"Decet etiam regem abstinere nee multum frequen- 
tare consortium subditorum; et maxime vilium persona- 
rum, quia nimia familiaritas hominum parit contemptum 
honoris. Et propter hoc pulchra consuetudo Indorum 
in dispositione regni et ordinatione regis, qui statue- 
runt quod rex tantum semel in anno coram hominibus 
appareat, cum regali apparatu et armato exercitu; Se- 
dens nobilissime in dextrario suo, ornatu armorum pul- 
cherrime decoratus. Et stare faciunt vulgus aliquantu- 
lum a remotis, nobiles vero et barones circa ipsum. Et 
tunc solet ardua negotia expedire ; varios et praecinctos 
rerum eventus declinare; curam et operam quam circa 
rem publicam fideliter gesserat ostendere. Con*suescit 
siquidem in ilia die dona elargiri et minus reos de carce- 
ribus emancipare," &c. 

G. C. Lewis. 

Rev. W. Stephens (2 q * S. xii. 310.)— In reply 
to G. P. P.'s Query, I beg to state that the edi- 
tion of Watkins's Biographical Dictionary from 
which the extract was made is 1821. As there 
may be some difficulty in Wm. S.'s procuring the 

edition, I send a copy, literally taken from that 
work : 

" Stephens (William), a learned Divine, was born in 
Devonshire, and educated at Exeter College, Oxford, 
where he obtained a Fellowship, and took his degree of 
Master of Arts in 1715. He afterwards stood candidate 

courses were printed by subscription." 

Mart Ashford (2 nd S. xi. passim.) 

X. X 


enumeration (xi. 432) of the pieces to which the 
supposed murder of this unfortunate girl 
rise, I omitted the following: 


" The Murdered Maid; or, The Clock struck four I ! ! 
A Drama in three Acts. Warwick, 1818, 12mo, pp. 44." 

The preface to this piece is signed with the 
initials S. N. E. Further than this I am not 
able to indicate the author ; but think it not 
unlikely that it may, at the time of its publica- 
tion, have been attributed to Dr. Booker, and 
that thus, by mistake, the other melodrama, The 
Mysterious Murder, may also have got ascribed 

to the reverend Doctor. 


William Bates. 

Pordage Family (2 nd S. xii. 370, 419, 475.) 
The occurrence of the name of " Pordage " in 
your excellent work induces me to send you the 
following, transcribed from a marble slab dis- 
covered under the floor of the church during 
the recent restorations at Waltham Abbey : 

" Here lyeth the Body of Richard Naylor, 
M.D., who departed this life the 23 d " of 

June, 1683, Aged 63 years. 

Here lyeth the body of Ann Pordage, Daughter 

of Benjamin Pordage and Elizabeth his Wife, 

who departed this life the 20 th of Octo b . 1682. 

Here lyeth the body of Lionel Goodrick Pordage, 

sonne of Benjamin Pordage and Elizabeth his wife, 

who Departed this life August y e 30 th , 1684. 

Here lyeth the body of Elizabeth Pordage, 

the beloved wife of Benjamin Pordage, who was 

the Best Friend, the Best Companion, the Best of Wiuei, 

Curtious and humble in her carriage, holy in 

her life, Pious at her Death, who Blessedly Departed this 

life Novem b y° 9 th , 1687, in the 43 year of her Age, left 

behind her Rachell, Elizabeth, and Edward 

Pordage, of which she Died. 
" But what is it where in Dame Nature wrought 
the Best of work's the only Forme of Heaven; 
And haueing LongM to finde A present sought 

where in the world's whole Beauty might be given, 
She did Resolve in it all Arts to summon, 
to Joyne with Nature's Framing 

Waltham Abbey. 

god Tis woman. 

"Elizabeth Pordage. 

" Memento Mort." 

L— B. 

The Book- Worm (l ft S. passim.) — The many 
articles under this heading in the earlier volumes 
of " N. & Q." evince the interest felt by its 
readers in the extirpation and prevention of the 

for the Rectorship of his College, and would have sue ravages of this, the common enemy of all book- 
ceeded but for the superior claims of Dr. Coneybeare. Mr. loyer ° Th f ii ow ; ncy receiot transcribed from 
Stephens was presented to the Vicarage of Bampton, in !? * ,7 I i g J TV tr * n f cn J*? lr0 ? a 
Oxfordshire, and lastly chosen bv the Corporation of the fly-leaf of an ^ old book, has at least the ad- 
Plymouth to fill the Rectory of St. Andrew in that town, vantage of simplicity, cheapness, and applica- 
where he died in 1786. He published four Sermons against bility : 




t8** S. I. Jan. 18, '62. 

Wood Worms 

Mr. Grant, August 13, 1792. % 

" Take one oz. of Camphire, pounded like common 
great salt, and one oz. of Bitter apple tore in halves and 
quarters; and spread at the bottom of your Chests or 
drawers among Books, Papers, or Cloaths; and when 
the Camphireis wasted and the bitter apple lost its smell, 
sweep out the bitter apple, and renew the same again. 
The quantities specified will last eight or ten months. 

14 If bitter apple cannot be had, take cut Tobacco in its 

" The same Mr. Grant says, will destroy in drawers, or 

wood house-furniture. That he received it from late 

Dr. Egerton, Bp. of Durham." 

It is perhaps just necessary to remind the 
reader that " bitter apple " is an old appellation 
of Colocynth. 

The little books of which I transcribe the titles 
are not generally known in this country, and will 
be found useful companions to the collectors of 
books and prints : 

44 E9sai sur Tart de restaurer les Estampes et les Livres, 
on Traite sur les meilleurs procedes pour blanchir, de- 
tacher, d&olorier, repareretconserverles Estampes, Livres 
etDessins; par A. Bonnardot. Seconde edition, refondue 
et augmented, suivie d'un Expose des divers Syst&mes de 
Reproduction des anciennes Estampes et des Livres rares. 
Paris: chez Castel, 8vo, 1858, pp. 352. 

44 De la Reparation de vieilles Reliures, complement de 
I'Essai sur Tart de restaurer les Estampes, et les Livres, 
suivi d'une Dissertation sur les moyens tVobtenir des 
duplicata de Manuscrits. Par A. Bonnardot. Paris: 
Castel, 8vo, 1858, pp. 72." 

What is the best method of washing vellum or 

parchment bindings, [and restoring the enamel of 
the surface ? ' " William Bates. 


The Mole and the Campbells (2 nd S. xii. 
498.) — This superstition is mentioned in my Glen* 
creggan (ii. 29, 30.) 4 ' ■ 



A somewhat earlier date 
, as given by your correspondent, is 
assigned to the introduction of the mole in Can- 
tire. The author of the Statistical Survey of the 
parish eighteen miles south of Tarbert, writing in 
1843, records the arrival in his parish of the 

i 1111 . « m _ ^ 


Campbell-destroying mole, and says, "It is a 
very singular circumstance in the natural history 
of the mole, that it travels by the hills and colo- 
nises sterile districts before it attacks cultivated 
land." Moles are now found throughout Cantire. 


Knaves Acre (2 nd S. xii. 191, 273, 445.) - 
No place near St. Paul's having been assigned for 
Knaves Acre, it is probable that Stukefey may 
have referred to a site with this name north-west 
of the Haymarket, especially as he refers to it in 
connexion with Long Acre. Stowe says (vol ii 
bk. vi. p. 84) : V 

" Knave's Aero, or Poultney street, falls into Brewer's 
street by Windmill street, and so runs westward as far 
as Marybone street, and Warwick street end, and cross- 
ing the same and Swallow street, falls into Glass-house 
street, which leadeth into the fields on the backside of 

Burlington f-garden, and thence to Albemarle buildings. 
This Knave's acre is but narrow, and chiefly inhabited by 
those that deal in old goods, and glass bottles." 

If this be the site of Stukeley's Knave's Acre, 
the hypothesis of a hoax being practised on him is 
withdrawn ; the objection to his etymology of the 
name, however, remaining. T. J. Buckton. 



Can" Knave's End" and "Good Knave's End " 
have any affinity to Dr. Stukeley's "Knave's 
Acre "? I think these names are not very uncom- 

The latter occurs in the parish of Edg- 
baston, about two miles from Birmingham. 

N. J. A. 

Unsuccessful Prize Poem$ (2 nd S. xii. 518.) 

Such fragments as that quoted by F. J. M. (which 
I suppose may be called maccaronic) are usually 
given as if parts of unsuccessful prize poems. The 
following are three that I have heard thus quoted; 
perhaps some reader of "N. & Q." may remember 
others : 

1. Part of a poem on Nebuchadnezzar 

"And murmured, as he cropped the unwonted food, 
4 It may be wholesome, but it isn't good/ " 

2 On " Belshazzar's Feast" 

44 When all the nobles stood appalled, 
Some one suggested Daniel should be called; 

Daniel appears, and just remarks in passing, 

The words are Mene, Mene, Tekel, and Upharsin." 

3. On the discovery of the Sandwich Isles. The 

discoverer is wrecked on an island 


" They brought him slices thin of ham and tongue, 
With bread that from the trees spontaneous hung : 
Pleased with the thought the gallant captain smiles, 

And aptly names the place the Sandwich Isles.'' 


Architectural Proportion (2 nd S. xii. 458.) 
I am afraid that in my former communication 
I did not express myself with so much precision 
as I ought to have done. The question I intended 
to ask was, — given, a piece of marble in the form 
of the shaft of a Grecian column, required, the 
centre of gravity. This question does not neces- 
sarily involve any consideration of the thickness 
of the shaft. One shaft may be four diameters 
in height, and another six, and yet the proportion 
which the length below the centre of gravity 
bears to the length above it may be the same in 
both. But as has been intimated by A. A., the 
consideration of the entasis is intimately involved 
in the inquiry. And I may add that my reason 
for raising the question was, that I imagined that 
the solution of it would throw light upon the 
aesthetical principle of the entasis. In any inquiry 
upon this point, I quite agree with the view that 
appears to be taken by A. A., — that the Doric 

be carefully studied in the first 
instance ; and if in that case any satisfactory re- 
sult can be arrived at, it would be desirable to 
institute a comparison with the Ionic. But I 

order ought to 

3 rd S. I. Jan. 18, '62.] 





think it would be hardly worth while 
further. If A. A. knows of any works that would 
assist me in such an inquiry, I should be much 
obliged if he would have the kindness to refer 




S. xii. 470.) 


me to them. 

Gentleman s Maga 

tains an account o 

English Grand Prior of St. John of Jerusalem, 

with engravings of two medals struck in honor of 

him. It states he was son of Judge Shelley who 




at Michelgrove, Sussex. 


Arthur Shorter (2 nd S. xii. 521.) — In the 

pedigree of Shorter, given in Mr. Gordon Gyll's 
History of the Parish of Wraysbury, the name of 
Arthur Shorter does not occur. The children of 
John Shorter and Elizabeth Phillips are there 
stated to have been Catherine, married to Sir 
Robert Walpole, and Charlotte married to Lord 
Conway. J. Doran. 

Stonehenge (3 rd S. i. 13.) — With the most 
profound respect for the geological attainments of 
Sir R. Murchison, allow me to ay that the nature 
of the stones of which Stonehenge is built, has 

contrary ; and a gentleman * well versed in this science, 
gives the following account of the characters of these 
stones : ' All the great pillars, as those forming the out- 
ward circle, the five pair innermost, and the great stone, 
with the two lateral ones near the ditch, are of a pure, 
fine-grained, compact sand- stone, which makes no effer- 
vescence with acids. As far as the lichens which cover 
the pillars, will permit one to judge, some are of a yel- 
lowish colour, others white. The second row of pillars, 
and the six which are innermost of all, are of a kind of 

fine grained griinstein, where the black hornblende is the 
only constituent which has a crystalline form,orspathous 
appearance. This, in some pillars, is but sparingly scat- 
tered in the principal mass ; in others, it forms a principal 
part. The mass, or ground, has a finely speckled green 
and white appearance, an uneven fracture, makes a slight 
effervescence with acids, and may be scratched with a 
knife. This stone strikes fire difficultly with steel. But in 
this second row there are two pillars of a quite different 
nature. That on the right hand, is a true and well 
characterised blackish siliceous schistus, the kiezel schiefer of 
Werner; that on the left, is argillaceous schistus. The 
great slab, or altar, is a kind of grey cos, sl very fine- 
grained, calcareous sand-stone. It makes a brisk effer- 
vescence in nitrous acids, but dissolves not in it; strikes 
fire with steel, and contains some minute spangles of 

silver mica.' " 


Archery Proverbs (2 nd S. xi. 513.) 

been long since satisfactorily determined. The 
late Dr. Mantell, in his Geology of the South-east 
Coast of England, p. 48, gives them the name of 
Grey Wethers, and refers them to a stratum lying 
originally just above the Chalk, part of which, 
consisting of loose sand, has been washed away, 
leaving these concreted masses, or boulders, 
scattered over the surface of our Downs 
as the so-called "plain" of Salisbury, which is 
really a series of undulating hills. 

"The bolt was the arrow peculiarly fitted to the cross- 
bow, as that of the long-bow was called a shaft. Hence 
the English proverb, 'I will either make a shaft or bolt 

signifying a determination to make one use or 

' — Ivanhoe. 

of it,' 

other of the thing spoken of. 


Isabel and Elizabeth (2 nd S. xii. 364, 444, 


The builders of 



The statement of Gesenius, in his Hebrew 

Lexicon (Gibbs, p. 27), on the word /3}.*&$ (Hee- 


"hence the name Isabella" — is too im- 

portant to be overlooked, as it is one of his 
mistakes. The word " Isabel " is Portuguese, and 
would therefore j is the equivalent for " Elizabeth,'* as their version 
find them ready to their hands, and would be of the New Testament shows (Luke i. 5, 13, 24, 
under no necessity of transporting them from 40, 41, 57.) 

The abridgment of foreign names in spoken Ian- 

Ireland, or as some say, from Africa. 

The theory that they are artificial originated 
with Camden, and, like all errors of the kind, has 
had its cycles, — has grown small by degrees, and 
beautifully less, and will, I hope, be altogether 
extinguished by the writers in " N. & Q." 

If Mor M err ion desire to learn more par- 
ticularly the geological position of these Grey 
Wethers, I would recommend him to consult, 
Description GeoL des Environs de Paris, par MM. 
Cuvier and A. Brogniart, 4to, Paris, 1822. 

The "porphyry" of London-stone, I believe 
to be Kentish Rag, scientifically known as Lower 
Green, or Shanklin, sand. Douglass Allport. 

Mr. J- Britton, in the Beauties of Wiltshire^ 
1801, vol. ii. p. 145, gives the following remarks: 

f< Many persons have supposed these stones to be com- 
position, and there are those who still persist in this er- 
roneous opinion. The skilful mineralogist knows the 

guage, and their adaptation to the vocal organisa- 
tion of the people who borrow them, are universal ; 
and we 'may take as specimens — Bessy and Bess, 
from Elizabeth ; Bell, from Isabella ; Tom, from 
Thomas ; Bill, from William; Dick, from Richard; 
John and Jack, from Jochan or Johan. The Por- 
tuguese rejected the initial syllable eZ, and added 
the letter I to the termination, as the Greeks had 
added t to the original Syriac and Hebrew word 


Were there any doubt as to the etymology of 
" Isabella," the improbability that Christian pa- 
rents, sponsors, and priests, would impose a name 
of so wicked a person as Jezebel, might suffice to 
show that Isabella was not the equivalent of Jeze- 
bel. Thus we do not find as Christian names 

* Tracts and Observations on Natural History and 

Physiology, by Robert Townson, LL.D. 




-» A 

[3** S. I. Jan. 18, >62. 

those of Cain, Nebuchadnezzar, Judas A and others, 

eminent only in evil. 

T. J. Buckton. 





Shahetpcare. A Reprint of the Collected Works as first 
ublished in 1623. Part 1. containing the Comedies. 

(Booth.) , 

Often have zealous students and judicious admirers of 
Shak*peare, when vexed with the controversies of angry 
commentators, exclaimed, " Oh for a copy of the First 
Folio ! M What they have so longed for is now before 
them. We have here the writings of our great Bard 
just as his loving friends Heminge and Condell (that 
"pavre so carefull to show their gratitude both to the 
living and the dead") presented them to their noble 
patrons, the Earl of Pembroke, and the Earl of Montgo- 
mery : and truly, what with the form of the letter used, 
the tint of the paper, the limp vellum wrapper, and the 
manner in which the general character of the editio prin- 
reps has been imitated, one feels almost disposed to be- 
lieve, a* we turn over page after page, and read passage 
after passage in the orthography of James's time, that one 
is the fortunate possessor of a First Folio. Rightly and 
wisely has Mr. Booth acted in retaining the very errors 
of the original; and it is no vain boast when he declares, 
that " henceforth for less than two pounds may be se- 
cured, in a perfect state, the coveted of all English book- 
collectors — a volume, which in the original, and in con- 
dition more or less of defacement or repair, would be 
considered cheap at a hundred/' This " cheerful sem- 
blance" of the First Folio, ought to be in the library of 
every lover of Shakspeare, upon whose shelves a copy of 
the goodly volume issued by Isaac Jaggars and Edward 
Blount in 1023 is not to be found. 

Gloucester Fragments. I. Facsimile of some Leaves in 
Savon Handwriting on S. Swithun. II. Leaves from an 
Anglo-Saxon Translation of the Life of S. Maria JEqyp* 
tiaca. Copied hy Photozincography, and published with 
Elucidations and an Essay by John Earle, M.A., &c. 


If we wanted a justification for having devoted some por- 
tion of this Journal to t he promotion of Photography when 
Photography had no special Journal of its own, we could 
point with full confidence to this handsome volume, for 
which we are indebted to the Oxford Professor of Anglo- 
Saxon. The manner in which these fragments have been 
reproduced is a marvellous proof of the perfection to 
which the new branch of Photography— Photozincogra- 
phy, as it is termed _ has already been brought. It is the 
old MS not copied but multiplied; and when it is re- 
ninmbpred that such old MS. has never in any shape been 
published before, the value of the present book to Anglo- 
Saxon scholars is at once evident. "Half a dozen^old 
leaves may seem a poor basis to found a book upon," savs 
Mr. Earle, but as he afterwards tells us they contain" a 
44 genuine product of the mind of the tenth century," we 
at once recognise their historical and literary value.' We 
have of course not the space to enter into a consideration 
of the various topics which these fragments suggest, and 
we think, therefore, we shall best convey to our readers a 
just notion of the importance of the work before us by 
enumerating its principal contents. These consist, then 
ot the Swithun Facsimiles; the Swithun text printed 
line lor line and page for page with a literal translation- 
an Essay on the Life and Times of Swithun; and eleven 
Illustrative pieces, consisting of Latin Biographies, Eng- 

lish Metrical Live9, Lists of Churches dedicated to him, &c. 
These are followed by the facsimile of the fragment on S. 
Maria jEgyp tiaca, Moticeof S. Maria ^Egyptiaca, and the 
text with translation and illustrative Notes. Such are the 
curious contents of this interesting volume, which the 
Editor has endeavoured to make serviceable as an Intro- 
duction to Anglo-Saxon Literature, for which, both in 
point of language and history, the fragment on Swithun 
affords a good opening. 

Turner s Liber Studiorum. 



Thirty Original Drawings by J. M. \V. Turner, R.A., in 
the South Kensinaton Museum. Published under the Au- 

yf the Department of 


Downes, & Co.) 

This is another and admirable application of Photo- 
graphy. No artist in the world, be his skill as a copyist 
the highest which man ever possessed, can compete with 
a Camera in the fidelity with which the touches of a 
great master's hand, the characteristics of his style, are 
reproduced. The original drawings of Turner, which 
art-students at the South Kensington Museum pore over 
with endless delight, may now be studied by such stu- 
dents in the quiet of their own homes, and in those genial 
spots for study, their own painting rooms. To London 
artists this is a great boon ; but it is one of far more 
importance to country students, and the volume will 
accordingly find an appropriate place in every institution 
in connexion with the South Kensington School of Art. 
The execution of the photographs does great credit to 
the artists, Messrs. Cundali & Downes, 



The Vices; a Poem by the Author of the " Letters of Junius." London, 

Fuller's Worthies. 3 Vols. 8vo. 1810. 

*** Letters, stating particulars and lowest price, carriage free, to be 
sent to Messrs. Bell & Daldv, Publishers of u NOTES AND 
QUERIES," 186, Fleet Street, E.C. 

Particulars of Price, &c. of the following Books to be sent direct to 
the gentlemen by whom they are required, and whose names and ad- 
dresses are given for that purpose : — 

A Displav of Heraldry or most particular Coats At usb ik 
North Wales. John Davies. 8vo. Salop, 1716. 

The Science of IIeraldrie. Sir George Mackenzie. 4to. Edin- 
burgh, 1680. 

Nisbet's Essay on Marks of Cadency. Alex. Nisbet, Edinburgh* 

Wanted by Mr. Mac far J and. Willowbank, Gourock, N. B. 

Cal amy's Non-Conformists' Memorial. Vol.1. With the plates. 1775 

Wanted by George Pr idea fix, Mill Lane, Plymouth. 

flatted ta Carretfpanttentrf. 

The Index to Vol. XII. Second Series is issued with the present 
y umber. Xpw Subscribers are not required to purchase this unless 
they wish to do so. 

Inedited Letters of Archbtshop Lfiohton. We hope to commence 
in the next or following number, the jmblication of these from the origi- 
nate in the State Paper Office, &c. 

Stamfordtevsts. 1. The shield in stone at Xorth Suffenham te not an 
armorial bearing, but probably a rebus. 2. The > coat, a cross raguly be* 
tween twelve trefoils, ice have been unable to identify. 

II. F. II. We are greatly obliged by our correspondent, but the cata- 
logue of the Earl of Kilda re's library is printed in Appendix VI. to The 

Earls of Kild-ire and their Ancestors. By the Marquis of Kildare, 3rd 

edition. Dublin, 1858. 

S. II. T. M. (Gloucester.) For the or in in of the cognomen "The 
Black Hussars of Literature," see LockharVs Life of Sir Walter Scott, 
p. 335, ed. 1815. 

Erratum.— 3rd S. i. p. 17, col. i. 1. i,for " Vivecinum " read 4< Vire- 


Notes and Queries " is published at noon on Friday, and is also 

issued in Monthly Parts. The Subscription for Stamped Copras for 
&ix Month* forwarded direct from the Publishers (including the Half- 
yearly Index) is Us. id., which may be paid by Post Office. Order in 
favour of Messrs. Bell and Daldy, 186, Flbbt Strbbt, E.C.J to whom 
all Communications for thb Editor should be. addressed* 

3"» S. T. Jan. 18, '62.] 






Founded A. D. 1842. 

H. E. Bicknell, Esq. 

T.S. Cocks, Esq. 
O. II. Drew, Esq. M.A. 
W. Freeman, Esq. 
J. H. Goodhart, Esq. 

Directors m 

E.Lucas, Esq. 
F.B. M arson, Esq. 
J. 1/. Seasrer, Esq. 
J. B. White, Esq. 

is given upon 

Physician.— W * R. Bash am, M.D. 
• Bankers. — Messrs. Biddulph, Cocks, fc Co. 

A ctuary.— .Arthur Scratchley, M.A. 


POLICIES effected in this Office do not become void 

portly difficulty in paying a Premium, as permission .. „ , 

application to suspend the payment at interest, according to the con- 
ditions detailed in the Prospectus. 

LOANS from 100Z. to 600*. granted on real or flrst-rate Personal 

Attention is also invited to the rates of annuity granted to old lives , 
for which ample security is provided by the capital of the Society. 

Example: 100Z. cash paid down purchases — An annuity of — 

£ s. d. 

9 15 10 to a male life aged 60 

11 7 4 

13 18 8 
18 6 


65 (Payable as Ion g 

70 f 


as he is alive. 

Now ready, 420 pages, 14*. 


on SAVINGS BANKS, containing a Review of their Past History and 
Present Condition, and of Legislation on the Subject; together with 
much Legal, Statistical, and Financial Information, for the use of 
Trustees, Managers, and Actuaries. 



Beg to caution the Public against Spurious Imitations of their 



Purchasers should 


Pronounced by Connoisseurs to be 


*** Sold Wholesale and for Export, by the Proprietors, Worcester. 


and by Grocers and Oilmen universally. 



In Packets 2r7.,4tf., and 8<7.: and Tins, 1*. 

Recipe from the " Cook's Guide," by C. E. Francatelli, late Chief 
Cook to her Majesty the Queen : — 


To one dessertspoonful of Brown and Poison mixed with a wineglass- 
ful of cold water, add half a pint of boiling: water ; stir over the fire for 
five minutes ; sweeten lightly, and feed the baby ; but if the infant is 
being brought up by hand, this food should then be mixed with milk,— 
not otherwise, as the use of two different milks would be injurious. 



to facilitate reading without bodily fatigue. Be it on Chair, 
Couch, or Bed, a stron? clamp, or screw, fastens it to the side with equal 
readiness. A glass rest can be substituted for the wooden one when used 
by persons lying down. 

Illustrated Prospectuses of the above, and Catalogues of their numer- 
ous forms for MS. purposes, together with Lists oi DIARIES for 1862, 
which combine French with English Dates, mav be obtained from 
LETTS, SON, & CO., Printers, Stationers, and Mapsellers, 8, Royal 
Exchange, London. 

these diseases is scarcely necessary, as unfortunately most English- 
men know them to their cost. Whooping-cough, croup, common colds, 
influenza, bronchiiis, asthma, pleurisy, inflammation of the lungs, and 
even consumption in its earliest stages, are beat treated by rubbing 
Holloways Ointment upon the front and back of the chest. It pene- 
trates internally, checks the cold shiverings, relieves the overgorged 
lungs, gradually lifts the oppression from the chest, and releases the 
impeded respiration hitherto so distressingly disagreeable and highly 
dangerous. Jn tieating this class of diseases, HolToway's Pills should 
always be taken while using his Ointment. They purify the blood, 
promote perspiration, and allay the excessive irritation. 

Bridge 8treet, Blackfriars : established 1762. 

The Right Hon. LORD TREDEGAR, President. 

Win. Samuel Jones, Esq., V.P. 
Wm. F. Pollock, Esq., V.P. 
Wm. Dacrtrs Adams, Esq. 
John Charles Burgoyne, Esq. 
lord G*o. Henry Cavendish, M. P. 
Frederick Cowper, Esq. 
Philip Hardwick, Esq. 

Richard Gosling, Esq. 
Peter Martineau, Esq.! 
John Alldin Moore, Esq. 
Charles Pott, Esq. 

Rev. John »<ussell,D.D. 
James Spicer, Esq. 

John Charles Templer, Esq. 

The Equitable is an entirely mutual office. The reserve, at the last 
"rest," in December, 1869, exceeded three-fourths of a million sterling, 
a sum more than double the corresponding fund of any similar in- 

The bonuses paid on claims in the 10 years ending on the 31st De- 
cember, 1859, exceeded 3,500,iOOZ. y being more than 100 per cent, on^he 
amount of all those claims. 

The amount added at the close of that decade to the policies existing 
on the 1st January, I860, was 1,977,000/., and made, with former addi- 
tions then outstanding, a total of 4,070,000/., on assurances originally 
taken out for 6,252,000/. only. 

These additions have increased the claims allowed and paid under 

those policies since the 1st January, 1860, to the extent of 150 per cent. 

The capital, on the 31st December last, consisted of — 

2,730,000/. — stock in the public Funds. 

3,< 06,297/. — cash lent on mortages of freehold estates. 

300,000/. — cash advanced on railway debentures. 

83,590/. — cash advanced on security of the policies of members of th« 

Producing annually 221, 482/. 

The total income exceeds 400,0007. per annum. 

Policies effected in the year 1862 will participate in the distribution 
of profits made in December, 1869, so soon a« six annual premiums 
shall have become due and been paid thereon; and, in the division 
of 1869, will be entitled to additions in rrspect of every premium paid 
upon them from the year 1862 to i860, each inclusive. 
t On the surrender of policies the full value is paid, without any deduc- 
tion; and the Directors will advance nine-tenths of that value as a 
temporary accommodation, on the deposit of a policy. 

No extra premium is charged for service in any Volunteer Corps 
within the United Kingdom, during peace or war. 

A Weekly Court of* Directors is held every Wednesday, from 11 to 1 
o'clock, to receive proposals for new assurances ; and a short account of 
the Society may be had on application, personally or by post, from the 
office, where attendance is given daily, from 1 » to 4 o'clock. 






The Hon. FRANCIS SCOTT, Chairman. 
CHARLES BERWICK CURTIS, Esq., Deputy Chairman. 









This Company offers the security of a larjre paid-up capital, held in 
shares by a numerous and wealthy proprietary, thus protecting the 
assured from the risk attending: mutual offices. 

There have been three divisions of profits, the bonuses averaging 
nearly 2 per cent, per annum on the sums assured from the comme'iice- 
ment of the Company. 

Sum Assured. Bonuses added. Pavable at Death 

X.V0O £\W7 10*. £(3,987 10*. 

1,000 397 10,9. 1,397 10*. 

» 100 39 15*. 139 15*. 

To assure £100 payable at death, a person acred 21 pays £2 ?*. id. per 
annum; but as the profits have averaged nearly 2 per cent, per annum, 
the additions, in many cases, have* been almost as much as the pre- 
miums paid. 

Loans granted on approved real or personal security. 
Invalid Lives. Parties not in a sound state of health maybe insured 
at equitable rates. 

No charge lor Volunteer Military Corps while serving in the United 

The funds or property of the company, as at 1st Januarv, 1861, 
amounted to €730,666 7s. 10*7., invested in Government and other ap- 
proved securities. 

Prospectuses and every information afforded on application to 

E. L. BOYD, Resident Director. 



_ INSTRUCTIONS for Tank Management, with Descriptive and 
Priced LIST, 162 Pages and 101 Engravings, Post Free for 21 Stamps.- 

Apply direct to W. ALFORD LLOYD, 19, Portland Road, Regent I 
Park, London. W. 

lublished upon Aquaria, but we contest 








[3 r < S, I. Jan. 18, '62. 






By Mone. F. E. A. GASC, M.A., of Paris, and French Master 

of Brighton Col lege. 

Gasc's First French Book. Price Is. 6d. 

ThU work is parti v based upon Ollendorff's system as adapted by 
Dr. Ahn, but the arrangement is methodical, and proper attention 
is paid to the direct teaching of the Grammar. 

Gasc's French Fables for Beginners, in Prose, 

with a Key or Index of all the Words at the end of the book. 

Price 2s. 

** Written in a purer and more modern style than other works of 
this class."— Athaumm. 

Gasc's Second French Book : being a Gram- 

mar and Exercise Book, on a new plan, and intended as a Sequel to 
the First French Book. Price 25. 6c/. 

A KEY to the First and Second French Books. 

Price 35. Gd. 

Gasc's Histoires Amusantes et Instructives ; 

or, Selections of Complete Modern Stories for Children, with Eng- 
lish Notes. Price 2s. ti(/. 

Gasc's Practical Guide to Modern French 

Conversation: containing the most frequent and useful phrases in 
every-day tulk, and everybody's necessary questions and answers 
in travel-talk. Price 2s. Cl. 

Gasc's Materials for French Prose Composi- 

tion : or, Selections from the best English Prose Writers, to be 

turned into French, with Idiomatic Renderings of Difficulties, and 
copious Grammatical Notes. New Edition. Price 4s. ti<l. KEY, 6s. 

. . 

Students could not have a better book." — Itheaceitm. 

A Latin Grammar. By T. Hewitt Key, 

M. A., F.K.S., Professor of Comparative Grammar, and Head Master 
of the Junior School in University College, Second Edition, re- 
vised. Post 8vo. 8s. 

A Catalogue of Greek Verbs, Irregular and 

Defective. By J. S . Baird, T.C.D. 8vo. 3s. 6c/. 

Notabilia Qusedam ; or, the Principal Tenses 

of such Irregular Greek Verbs and such Elementary Greek, Latin, 
and French Constructions as are of frequent occurrence. 8vo, 
Is. 6d. 

Professor Key's Short Latin Grammar for 

SCHOOLS. Third Edition. Post 8vo, 3s. 6ci. 

"Professor Key's Latin Grammar is highly honourable to English 
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A First Cheque-Book for Latin Verse 

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Materials for Latin Prose Composition. By 

the Rev. P. Frost, M. A., late Fellow of St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge. Second Edition. 12mo, 2s. 6c/. — A KEY, 4s. 

Macleane's Selections from Ovid : Amores, 

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35. 6c/. 

Latin Prose Lessons. By the Rev. A. Church, 

M.A., one of the Masters of Merchant Taylors' School. 

[Immediately . 

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School. Post 8vo. 4s. 


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Gasc's Select French Poetry for the Young, 

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Select Fables of La Fontaine. 

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14 The author of the several works now republished, Mr. Horace 
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published THIS DAY. 

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Contains : — 

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Apprentice of the Law. 
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T YRA GERMANICA : Hymns for the Sundays 

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Now ready, in imperial 4to 9 price 2 Is. boards, 

Leaves in Saxon Handwriting on S. Swithun, copied 
by Photozincography at the Ordnance Survey Office, 
Southampton; artd published with an Essay by John 
Earle, M.A., Rector of Swanswick; late Fellow and 
Tutor of Oriel, and Professor of Anglosaxon in the Uni- 
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iEgyptiaca, with Facsimile. 

London: LONGMAN, GREEN, & CO. 14,Ludgate Hill. 

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LD BOOKS.— Just published, a CATALOGUE 

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[3«« S. I. Jan. 25, '62. 




iii HEAD, SURREY. -Mr. PAYNE begs to announce that the 
division of the Scholastic Year into three Terms will hence* orth •uper- 
■ede the TIalf-vearly arrangement hitherto adopted in this School. 
The NEXT TERM will commence on TUESDAY, the 2*th mst. 

*fa. PAvNFtaket this opportunity of making .known the eminent 
nic iNd of his Pupils in the Oxfo.d Local Examinations. Of M exa- 
mined,- have nasscd, 20 in Honours; whereas 20 Passes andb Honours 
woul<» have realised the average standard. 

Letherhead,Jan. 18, 1862. 


Just published, price 35. 6 J. 8vo, cloth. 

TMTRIPIDIS ION : with Notes for Beginners. 
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CONTENTS.— N°. 4. 

NOTES : — Memoir of William Oldys, Esq., * orroy-King-at- 
Arms, 61 — Mathematical Bibliography, G4 — Princely 
Funerals, G5 — Hampshire Mummers, 66 — Books and 

1 their Authors, lb. 

Minor Notes : — The Polyphemus of Turner — Surnames 
The first Bank in Australia- The Jackdaw a Weather- 
Prophet — Metric Prose, 67. 

QUERIES : — Authorised Translation of Catullus — Colonel 
William Cromwell — The Duchess d'Angoulftmc and the 

' Count de Chambord — Emblems : Tinelli — " Gilded Cham- 
ber » _ Heraldic — Jakins — Mrs. Maxwell, an Amazon — 
The National Colour of Ireland — Paulo Dolscio, "Psal- 
terium " — Quotations Wanted— Whitehall— Col. Thomas 
Winsloe, 67. 

Queries with Answers: —Lady Sophia Buckley— '." A 
Discourse against Transubstantiation " — The "Press- 
gang " in 1706 —Trap Spider—" Preces Private "—Bishops' 
Charges — Abbey Counters or Tokens, 69. 

REPLIES: — Pelayo's Visits to the North of Spain, 71 — 
The Sacks of Joseph's Brethren, lb. — The American 
Standard and New England Flag, 72 — Archbishop Leigh- 
ton's Library at Dunblane — Vossius "De Historicis Grae- 
cis" — Cow ell's Interpreter condemned — Army Lists — 
Lord Nugent and Capital Punishment — America before 
Columbus — Tiffany — Taylor Family — Book of Common 
Prayer — Trial of the Princess of Wales — Special Licences 

Manor Law — The "Remember" of Charles I. on the 
Scaffold — Pitt ' and Orbell of Kensington, Middlesex — 
11 Retributive Justice " — Husbandman — Heraldic Query 

Christopher Monk — " The Wandering Jew " — Jetsam, 
Flotsam, and Lagan — Scotch Weather Proverbs — Rats 
leaving a Sinking Ship, &c, 3 74. 

Notes on Books. 



(Continued from p. 44.) 

After the completion of The Harleian Miscel- 
lany, it does not appear that Oldys continued 
much longer in the employ of Thomas Osborne ; 
at that time the most celebrated publisher in the 
metropolis. If we may judge from the series of 
catalogues issued by this bookseller from the 

1738 to 1766, he must have carried on a 

These catalogues 



successful and lucrative trade. 

may now be reckoned among the curiosities 

literature ; for nowhere do we meet with similar 

information respecting the prices of books at that 

time, or more amusement than in his quaint 

notes, and still more quaint prefaces. For how 

many of these curious bibliographical memoranda 

he was indebted to his neighbour, William Oldys, 

cannot now be ascertained. Osborne's exploits 

are thus celebrated in the Dunciad : 

" Osborne and Carll accept the glorious strife, 
Though this his Son dissuades, and that his Wife." 

Again, at the conclusion of the contest : 

" Osborne, through perfect modesty o'ercome, 
Crown' d with the Jordan, walks contented home." 

Osborne was so impassively dull and ignorant in 
what form or language Milton's Paradise Lost was 
written, that he employed one of his garretteers to 

render it from a French translation into English 

prose. He is now best known as the bookseller 

whom Johnson knocked down with a folio. " Sir," 

said the Doctor to Boswell, "he was impertinent 
to me, and I beat him ; but it was not in his shop, 
it was in my own chamber/' On August 27, 1767, 
this bibliopole was buried in the churchyard of 
St. Mary, Islington, leaving behind him the com- 
fortable assets of 40,000/. So true is it what 
Walcot said rather strongly, " That publishers 
drink their claret out of authors' skulls." But, 
as Thomas Park shrewdly observed, " Some might 
say, that authors must have paper skulls to suffer 


In 1746 was published anew edition of Health's 
Improvement, by Dr. Moff'et, corrected and en- 
larged by Christopher Bennet, M.D. Prefixed is 
a view of the author's life and writings from the 
pen of William OI1I73. No copy of this work is to 

be found in our national library, and it is omitted 
in both editions of Lowndes. With its publication 
terminated Oldys's connexion with Osborne. 
The editorship of Michael Drayton's Works, 

fol. 1748, has been attributed to Oldys by a wri- 
ter in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. lvii. pt. ii. 
p. 1081, as well as by Mr. Octavius Gilchrist in 
Aikin's Athenccum, ii. 347, who adds, " It is not 
generally known that these collections [of Dray- 
ton's Works'] were made by Oldys, with less 
than his usual accuracy." But from the article 
Drayton, in the Biographia Britannica, ed. 1750, 
written by Oldys himself, it appears that he 
only furnished the " Historical Essay " pre- 
fixed to the edition of Drayton's Works, 1748, as 
well as to that of 1753. Speaking of the Barons 9 
Wars, Oldys remarks, "In this edition [1748] 
these Barons' Wars in the reign of Edward II. 
are illustrated with marginal notes by the author, 
which have been all since omitted by his late 
editor, though the author of the Preliminary Dis- 
course was desirous of a more ample commen- 
tary." (Biog. Brit. iii. 1745, ed. 1750, and Kippis's 
edition, v. 360.) 

Oldys now resolved to devote his exclusive at- 
tention to his own peculiar department of litera- 
ture, that of Biography. Hence we find him, for 
the next ten years, employed in the desperate and 
weary process 

of excavation, among the 


whelming piles of documents preserved in the 
public and private libraries of the metropolis. 
The facilities afforded to biographers and annalists 
of modern times, by the catalogues of the British 
Museum and the Calendars of the State Paper 
Office, were unknown to the literary adventurer 
a century ago. To collect materials for any bio- 
graphical or historical work required then some 
sinew and hardihood to encounter the enormous 
and almost unmanageable mass of documents from 
which truth was to be dug out. Between the 

years 1747 and 1760, it appears that Oldys fur- 
nished twenty-two articles to the first edition of 



[3'd S. I. Jan 




some of tbe most perfect specimens of biography 

in the English language. For the following tabu- 
lar view of his labours on this important work, 
we are indebted to Bolton Corney's Curiosities of 
Literature Illustrated, Second Edition, 1838, p. 


" Contributions of W. Oldys to Me' Biographia 

London, 1747-GG. Folio, 7 Vols. 

i Volume 
aud Ditto. 


i. 1717 

ii. 171* 

iii. IT.'O 

iv. 17-''7 

v. 17«">0 

Oeonre Abbot - 
Kol>ert Abbot - 
^ir Thomas Adams - 

\V. Alexander Earl 

Charles Al»\vn - 

Edward Alleyn 
w illiatn Ames - 
John Athertun - 

Peter Hales 
John Bradford - 
William Bulleyn 
William Caxton 
Micliael Drayton 
<ir (ie.». Ethenve 
(leotL'e Furquhnr 
>ir Jo.mi FnMolif 
Thomas Fnl ier 
Sir Will. (ia.-r.'L'ne - 
Fulke G revile, Lord 

Bro<»k - 
Kieh. Ilakluyt - 
Wenceslaus Hollar - 
Thomas May - 

Archbishop of Canterbury 
Bishop of Salisbury - 

Lord Mayor of London - 

Statesman and Dramatic 

Writer - 

Historical Poet - 

j Founder of Dulwich College 

Divine- - 
Bishop of Waterford- 
Writing Master - 
Protestant Martyr 
Physician and Botanist 
Prin* er - 

Historical & Pastoral Poet 
Dramatic Writer 
Dramatic Writer - 
Statesman and Warrior - 
I listorian, &c. - 
J ud 

«•!> _ 

Biographer and Poct- 
Naval Historian 

Enirraver - 

1 listorian and Poet - 















On the execution of the articles," remarks Mr. 
Corney, lt 1 submit some short remarks. The life 
of Archbishop Abbot is especially commended by 
the author of the preface to the work; and was 
reprinted in 1777, 8vo. The life of Edward 
Alleyn is also justly characterised by the same 
writer as very curious. The article on Peter 
Bales, if rather discursive, is rich in information ; 
and contains, in the notes, a history of writing- 
masters. Bulleyn, whose works were formerly 
popular, receives due attention. As Gough re- 
marks, Oldys has "rescued him almost from obli- 
vion"* .Master William Caxton occupies more 
than twenty-six pages. Oldys had carefully ex- 
amined the chief portion of his rare volumes; and 
Dr. Dibdin admits that his " 
every respect superior to that 

account of Drayton and his wo ^ ww - 

iiuj specimen. Oldys points out the numerous 
deficiencies of the splendid edition of 1748 ; and 
his information seems to have led to the comple- 
tion of it. The life of Sir John Fastolff, of which 
the first sketch was contributed to the General 
Dictionary in 1737, is the result of extraordinary 
research. The Fastolflf of history and the Falstaff 
of fiction are ingeniously contrasted, 
count of Fuller is compiled with peculiar care; 
and affords a remarkable proof of the extent to 
which the writings of an author may be made 
contribute to his biography. The History of the 

f Lewis." f 


e ac- 

* British Topography, 1780, 4 to, i. 13». 

t Typographical Antiquities, 1810, 4to, p. lxxiv 

Worthies of England, which Oldys frequently con- 
sulted, is characterised with much candour ; and 
he has very appropriately introduced the sub- 
stance of a MS. essay on the toleration of wit on 
grave subjects. Sir William Gascoigne is copiously 
historised. Oldys, with his usual ardour in search 
of truth, obtained the use of some Memoirs of the 
Family of Gascoigne from one of the descendants 
of Sir William, and a communication from the 
Kev. R. Knight, Vicar of Harwood, where he was 
buried. The life of the patriotic Hakluyt claims 
especial notice. Oldys had pointed out his merit 
more than twenty years before ; * and seems never 

to have lost sight of him. 


able memorial of the "surpassing hnowlecJge and 
learning, diligence and fidelity, of this naval his- 
torian" — and it well deserves to be separately 
re-published. The account of Hollar and his works 
is written with the animation and tact of a connois- 
seur. Oldys justly describes him as ever mailing 
art a rival to nature, and as a prodigy of industry. 
He also reviews the graphic collections of his ad- 
mirers, from Evelyn to the Duchess of Portland. 
The article on May was his last contribution. 
He vindicates the History of the Parliament from 
the aspersions cast on it — in which he is sup- 
ported by Bishop Warburton, Lord Chatham, &c. 

"It may be safely asserted that no one of the 
contributors to the Biographia Britanrtica has 
produced a richer proportion of inedited facts than 
William Oldys; and he seems to have consulted 
every species of the more accessible authorities, 
from the Feeder a of Rymer to the inscription on 
a print. His united articles, set up as the text of 
Chalmers, would occupy about a thousand octavo 

Oldys's coadjutors on the Biographia Britan- 
nica were the Rev. Philip Morant, of Colchester ; 
Rev. Thomas Broughton, of the Temple Church ; 
Dr. John Campbell, of Exeter Change ; Henry 
Brougham, of Took's Court, Cursitor Street, Hol- 
born ; Rev. Mr. Ilinton, of Red Lion Square ; 
Dr. Philip Nicols, Fellow of Trinity Hall, Cam- 


bridge ; 

and Mr. Harris of Dublin. 

In 1778, when Dr. Kippis undertook the edi- 
rshin of the second edition of the Bioerrankia 


a portion of Oldys's manuscript biographical col- 
lections, purchased for this work by Mr. Thomas 
Cadell, one of the publishers. In his Preface 


i. p 

) he states, that " To Dr. Percy, 

besides his own valuable assistances, we are in- 
debted for directing us to the purchase of a large 
and useful body of biographical materials, left by 
Mr. Oldys." These biographical materials were 
quoted in the articles Arabella Stuart, John Bar- 
clay, Mary Beale, W. Browne, Sam. Butler, &c. 
Dr. Kippis found also among Oldys's papers, 
some notes principally ten ding to illustrate several 

* Life of Sir W. R., p. cix. + British Librarian, p. 137, 


3'<* S. I. Jan. 25, '62. ] 



of Butler's allusions in bis Hudibras to both an- 
cient and modern authors. (Vide vol. iii. p. 91.) 
From the years 1751 to 1753, it would seem 
that Oldys was involved in pecuniary difficulties"; 
and being unable to discharge the rent due for his 
chambers in Gray's Inn, was compelled to reside 
for a lengthened period in the quiet obscurity of 
the Fleet prison. It was probably during his 
confinement that the following letters were written 
to his friend Dr. Thomas Birch : 

"July 22, 1751. 
" Sir, — I received last night two guineas by the hand 
of my worthy and honourable friend Mr. Southwell ; for 
which favour, and much more for the polite and en- 
gaging manner of conferring it, besides this incompetent 
return of my sincere thanks, I have beg'd him to make 
my acknowledgments more acceptable than in my pre- 
sent confused and disabled state I am capable myself of 
doing, I have also desired him to intimate how much 
more I might be obliged to you, if, at your leisure, and 
where you shall perceive it convenient, you would so re- 
present me to such Honorable friends among your nu- 
merous acquaintance, that they may help me towards a 
removal into some condition, wherein I may no longer 
remain altogether unuseful to mankind; which would lay 
an obligation inexpressible upon, Sir, 

11 Your most obedient humble servant, 

" William Oldys." 

" August 23 d , 1751. 
That favour I before received of you, was be- 
yond whatever the sense of my own deficiencies could 
suffer me to expect; but much more this, by which, 
through your favourable representation of me, or my 
misfortunes, to the Hon. Mr. Yorke, I received five 
guineas of him, through the hands of the candid and 
cordial Mr. Southwell. You may justly believe, that 
my hearty thanks for this benefit are hereby unfeignedly 
returned to you, and I have endeavoured to return the 
like to that noble benefactor. But as I cannot make my 
gratitude so satisfactory k to him, as his goodness has been 
to me, I still want the assistance of a friend, to convey 
my acknowledgments, more expressively than I can my- 
self: and I think, by what I have already tasted, I may- 
depend upon that friendship from you. 

The happiness I have lately received in perusing your 
life of Spenser* has greatly restored my desire, in this 
loitering, lingering useless condition, to such studies. 
There are very observable passages in it, both ancient 
and modern, which I had not before met with ; for which, 
and many other memorable incidents, in our most illus- 
trious ancestors, recovered and rectified by your reviving 
hand, if present readers shall be silent in your praise, 
those who are unborn will stigmatise their ingratitude, 
in the celebration of your industry. 

" 1 remain, Sir, 


\ "Your most obliged and obedient servant, 

In 1753 


with Mr 

Taylor, the oculist in Hatton Garden, published 
Observations on the Cure of William Taylor, the 
Blind Boy of Ightham, in Kent, containing also an 
address to the Publick for a foundation of an Hos- 

* Dr. Birch had recently published The Faerie Queene, 
with an exact collation of the two original editions ; to 

which are added a Life of the Author, and a Glossary, 
with plates, 3 vols. 1751, 4to. 
t Addit. MS. 4316, p. 4. 

pital for the Blind. Prefixed are two letters from 
Oldys to Dr. Monsey of Chelsea Hospital, and one 
in reply from the Doctor. 

Oldys remained in confinement till Mr. South- 
well of Cockermouth (brother of the second Lord 
Southwell) and his other friends obtained his li- 



John Taylor, however, has given the 


following account of his release : u Oldys, as my 
father informed me, lived many years in quiet ob- 
scurity in the Fleet prison, but at last was spirited 
up to make his situation known to the Duke of 
Norfolk^ of that time, who received Oldys's letter 
while he was at dinner with some friends. The 
Duke immediately communicated the contents to 
the company, observing that he had long been 
anxious to know what had become of an old, 
though an humble friend, and was happy, by that 
letter, to find that he was still alive. He then 
called for his gentleman (a kind of humble friend 
whom noblemen used to retain under that name 
in former days), and desired him to go immedi- 
ately to the Fleet prison with money for the im- 
mediate need of Oldys, to procure an account of 
his debts, and to discharge them. 

Soon after the Duke of Norfolk had released 
Oldys from his pecuniary difficulties, he procured 
for him the situation of Norroy King-at-Arms 
a post peculiarly suited to his love of genealogy. 
He was created Norfolk Herald Extraordinary at 
the College of Arms by the Earl of Effingham, 
Deputy Earl Marshal, on 15th April, 1755, to 
qualify him for the office of Norroy, to which 
he was appointed by patent the 5th May follow- 

His noble patron generously defrayed the 
fees for passing his patent. The Duke had fre- 
quently met Oldys in the library of the late Earl 
of Oxford, and had perused with much pleasure 
his Life of Sir Walter Ralegh and his other 
works, and considered him sufficiently qualified, 
from his literary acquirements, to restore the 
drooping reputation of the office of Norroy. Oldys 
appointed as his deputy Edward Orme of Ches- 
ter, better known as the compiler of pedigrees for 


families of that county. 


The heralds/' says 


Noble, <; had reason to be displeased with Oldys's 
promotion to a provincial kingship. The College, 
however, will always be pleased with ranking so 
good a writer amongst their body. 

John Taylor, author of Monsieur Tonson, re- 
lates the following anecdote of our Norroy whilst 
performing one of his official duties. "On some 
occasion, when the King-at-Arms was obliged to 
ride on horseback in a public procession, the pre- 
decessor of Mr. Oldys in the cavalcade had a pro- 
clamation to read, but, confused by the noise of 
the surrounding multitude, he made many mis- 


Gent. Mag. vol. liv. pt. i. p. 
f Edward Howard: ob. 1777. 
% Records of my Life } i. 26. § College of Arms , p. 421 




[3'<* S. I. Jan. 25, '62. 

takes, and, anxious to be accurate, he turned 

back to every passage to correct himself, and 
therefore appeared to the people to be an ignorant 
blunderer. When Mr. Oldys had to recite the 
same proclamation, though he made, he said, more 
mistakes than his predecessor, he read on through 
thick and thin, never stopping a moment to cor- 
rect his errors, and thereby excited the applause 


(Continued from 2 nd S. xii. 518.) 

I here resume the list, a preceding portion of 
which will be found at pp. 162 — 164 of vol. x. 

2 nd S. 

Birmingham, sevenleen-fortysix. [Thackkr, A.] 
A Treatise containing an Entire New Method of solv- 

of the people ; though he declared that the other ™S Adfected Quadratic, and Cubic Equations With their 
i l *i i i i i~ ^ va i r 2.1 Application to the Solution of Biquadratic One3 ; In an 

gentleman had been much better qualified tor the * l — - 

duty than himself." * 

We ought to apologise for noticing what Mr. 
Bolton Corney justly styles "the most contemp- 
tible of books/' The Olio, published from the 
refuse papers of the redoubtable Captain Grose 
by his eager executor, who happened to be his 
bookseller. Even Mr. Isaac D 1 Israeli acknow- 

Oldys is 



in it " the delineation 


sullieiently overcharged for the nonce" Grose, as 
every one knows, exceedingly enjoyed a joke ; but 
probably he never conceived that some officious 
hand would gather up and publish the debris of 
his library for his own mercenary advantage. 
This despicable production has been quoted as an 
authority by nearly every one who has under- 
taken to give an account of the life of Oldys. 

easier, and more concise Way, than any yet publish'd; 
together with the Demonstrations of the Methods. And 
A Set of New Tables for Finding the Roots of Cubics. 
Invented by the late ingenious Mr. A. Thacker, deceased ; 
But calculated entirely, and in a great Measure exem- 
plified, by W. Brown, Teacher of the Mathematics, at the 
Free-School, in Cleobury, Shropshire . . . Printed by 
Thomas Aris.' viii + llo pages. Octavo in twos. 

Tables for the solution of the irreducible case 
in cubics were given by Mr. George Scott in 

vols, xlii (pp. 246-7 and 298 


) of the Mechanics' Magazine (1845). At pp. 

185 — 199 of the work next described ( 





was appointed Richmond Herald by 
patent 12th June, 1755, which he resigned ... 
1763. lie was therefore contemporary with Oldys 
during the whole period of his connexion with 
Heralds' College, excepting that Oldys was 

pp. xxiv — xxxi of the Introduction) will be found 
" Table IV. for the solution of the irreducible 

case in cubic equations." Sir W. It. Hamilton 
has had the curiosity to construct and to apply 
two new tables of double entry for the solution of 



appointed Xorroy in the May preceding.f Oldys, 
however, with all his alleged "deep potations in 
all-," was a well-informed literary antiquary — or, 
as Grose himself confesses, "in the knowledge 
of searce Knglish hooks and editions lie had 
no equal;" out unhappily our facetious Rich- 
mond Herald, " who cared more for rusty armour 
than for rusty volumes," as D'Israeli remarks, 
"would turn over these flams and quips to pome 

confidential friend, to 

enjoy together 

a secret 

Jau L di at their literary intimates." Even the story 
told by Grose of the intoxication of Oldys at the 
funeral of the Princess Caroline, and the jeopardy 
oi the crown, is not accurate: for Mr. Noble 

ol the crown, is 
assures ih. that, the 

■ , r -; " ^'" '""tit vl ,)dU. o, L/05, 

uullhetls ll«% Journal of Jan. 7. 1758, that 
Uarenceux, bearing the coronet upon a black 

velvet cushion, preceded the body of the prin- 
cess. 5} l 

R. I. A, vol. xviii, pp. 251-2) 


London, eighteen-fourteen. Barlow, Peter. 


(To he continued.) 

Mathematical Tables, containing the Factors, Squares, 
Cubes, Square roots. Cube roots, Reciprocals, and Hyper- 
bolic Logarithms, of all numbers from 1 to 10000; Tables 
of Powers and Prime Numbers ; an extensive Table of 
Formulae, or general Synopsis of the most important 
Particulars relating to the Doctrines of Equations, Series, 
Fluxions, Fluents, &c. &c. &c.' lxi + 336 pages. Octavo 
in twos. 

London, eighteen- twentyseven. Hirsch, [Meyer]. 
' Collection of Examples, Formula?, and Calculations, on 
the Literal Calculus and Algebra. Translated from the 
German, by the Rev. J. A. Ross, A.M., Translator of 

Hirsch's Integral Tables'. xi + 384 pages. Octavo in twos. 

To this ' Collection ' there are appended three 
'Fables in which the symmetric functions, a3 high 
as the tenth dimension inclusive, of the roots of 
any equation, are expressed in terms of the coef- 
ficients. Vandermonde had, in the Paris Memoires 
for 1771, given tables of the same extent. Mr. 
Jerrard lias, at the end of Tart I of his Mathema- 
tical Researches, given a table, expressed in his 
own notation, up to the fifth dimension inclusive. 
Mr. Cay ley (Phil. Trans, for 1857, pp. 494 et 
seq.) has given inverse as well as direct tables up 
to the tenth dimension inclusive. 


Heron/* of wit Life, i. 2(5 

Kxi„i„nn t. \V. King, York Herald. 

LUlcqe of Arms, p. 421. 

Mk Thomi-son Cooper, of Cambridge, in «N. & 

Paris, eighteen-thirtyone. 
des E'quations Detcrminees 
+ 258 pages. Quarto. 

Fourier, [Jii.] € Analyse 
. . Premifere Partie \ xxiv 

Q." 2 nd S. iii. 514, has stated, that " on turning to a con- 
temporaneous account of the funeral, I find that Norroy 
did carry the coronet on that occasion." We have not 

been able to trace the authority for this statement. 


3' d S. I. Jan. 25, '62.] 



The printing of this work can scarcely be said 
to have been commenced when death overtook its 

T I ' 

author. The xxiv introductory pages (dated 
Paris, l er juillet 1831) are due to the editor Na- 
vier. Fourier's preface bears date Paris, 1829. 

London, eighteen-fortv. Staines, Edward. 'Solu- 
tion of a peculiar Form of Cubic Equation by Means of a 
Quadratic \ 9 pages. A rather large Duodecimo. 

[ Genova, eighteen-forty. Badano, il P. Gerolamo, Car- 
melitano Scalzo, Professore di Maternatica nella R. 
Univfersita di Genova. 'Nuove Ricerche sulla Risolu- 
zione Generale delle Equazioni Algebriche del P. G. . . . 
Genova, Tipografla Ponthenier 1840/] 

London, eigh teen-forty three. Young, J. R. c Theory 
and Solution of Algebraical Equations of the Higher 
Orders . . . Second Edition, enlarged '. xxiii + 476 pages. 

London, eighteen-fortyfour. Young, J. Jt. i Re- 

searches respecting the Imaginary Roots of Numerical 
Equations: being a Continuation of Newton's Investiga- 
tions on that Subject, and forming an Appendix to the 
"Theory and Solution of Equations of the Higher Or- 
ders ,? \ vi and to 56 pages. Octavo. 

London, eigh teen- fortvfour. Gray, Peter. 'On the 
Numerical Solution of Algebraical Equations: being the 
Substance of Four Papers in the Mechanics' Magazine 
for March, 1844.' 16 pages. Octavo. 

London, eighteen -fifty. ? Young, J. R. 'On the Ge- 
neral Principles of Analysis '. 64 pages. Octavo. 

This work illustrates the inconvenience of 
giving a book no other title page than a coloured 
wrapper which (as is the case with my copy of 
the present essay) may probably not be bound up 
with the other matter. I gather the above de- 
scription of this work from an allusion of my own 
to it (in the Mech. Mag. 
p. 38). 

for July 13. 1850, 


Braunschweig, eigh teen-fifty. Schnuse, C. H. i 
Theorie und Auflosung der hohern algebraischen und der 
transcendenten Gleichungen, theoretisch und praktisch 
bearbeitet von Dr. . . .' IV + 488 pages. Octavo. 

The preface is dated " Heidelburg. im Januar 


• * 

Youner in a Note 

below, has charged Dr. C. H. Schnuse of Heidel- 
burg, in his capacity of author of the work just 
described, with a "disgraceful literary felony". 
It seems that a like charge, and in respect of the 
same matter, had already been preferred against 
Dr. Schnuse by a distinguished writer in the 
Athcnccum for March 5, 1859. It would be well 
that the fact of these charges having been made 
should be brought directly under Dr. Schnuse's 
notice. I should be glad to be informed if any 
answer to them has yet appeared. 

Hyde, eighteen- fiftyfour. Beecroft, Philip. _- 

croft's Method of finding all the Rcots, both real and 

imaginary of algebraical Equations, without the Aid of 

auxiliary Equations of higher Degrees '. x + 48 pages. 

London, eighteen-fiftynine. Ramchundra. * A Trea- 



Minima, solved by 

Algebra. By Ramchundra, late Teacher of Science, Delhi 



Directors of the East India Company for Circulation in 
Europe and in India, in Acknowledgment of the Merit of 
the Author, and in Testimonj' of the Sense entertained of 
the Importance of independent Speculation as an Instru- 
ment of national Progress in India. Un<ler the Superin- 
tendence of Augustus De Mokgan, E.R.A.S. F.C.P.S.' 

&c. v + (185) pages. Octavo in twos. 

a's preface is dated " Delhi, 16th 

February, 1850," 

dated "Calcutta:" "1850 

which the above descriptic 




the title-page last mentioned. 

London, eighteen-sixtyone. Young, John Radford. 
< A Course of Mathematics, affording Aid to Candidates 
for Admission into either of the Military Colleges, to 
Applicants for Appointments in the Indian Civil Service, 
and to Students of Mathematics generally'. xi + G37 
pages. Octavo. • 

Halle, eighteen-sixtyone. Schulenburg, Adolf von 
der. 'Die Auflosung der Gleichungen funiten Grades', 
pp. IV + 36. Octavo. 

The preface is dated "Magdeburg am 30 Oc- 
tober 1860." 

Cambridge and London, eighteen-sixtyone. Todiiun- 
TEPw, L 'An Elementary Treatise on the Theory of 
Equations, with a Collection of Examples', vi + 279 
pages. Octavo. 

I have put Prof. Badano's work between 
brackets [ ] because, not having seen it, I have 
borrowed the materials for its description from 
Sir W. Rowan Hamilton's footnote at p. 329 of 
vol. xix of the IVaiisactions of the Royal Irish 
Academy. James Cockle, M.A f , &c. 

4 Pump Court, Temple, London. 


The recent obsequies, more seemly distin- 
guished by national sorrow than by courtly os- 
tentation, reminded me of a long- forgotten folio, 
entitled : — 

" Pompe Funebre du tres pieux et tres puissant Prince 
Albert, Archiduc d'Autriche, Due de Bourgogne, de Bra- 
bant, &c. ; representee au naturel en tallies douees, des- 
sinees par Jacques Francquart, et gravees par Corneille 
Galle; avec une dissertation historique et morale 
d'Eryce Putenanis, Conseiller et Historiographe du Roi. 
Bruxelles, 1729." 

The object of this mortuary magnificence, hav- 
ing in 1599 espoused the Spanish Infanta Isabella 
XII., and, jure marito, become sovereign Prince 
of the Netherlands, died in July, 1621, and was 
buried in March, 1622; the intermediate eight 
months being devoted to the preparations of his 
interment. And here might the record and the 
remembrance of Albert VII. have found their 
consummation, had not courtiers and counsellors 
elaborated this volume, describing in four several 
languages — Latin, Spanish, French, and Flemish, 
his exploits, his qualities, and his funeral proces- 
sion — a whole day's length between the Palace of 




[3'<* S. I. Jan. 26, '62 

Brussels, and Saint Gudule's Cathedral ; prestat- 
ion on sixty-three bi-paginal plates the portraits, 
ad vivum, of its numerous assistants. Of more 
than 250 of these, the unnamed train of chaplains 
and choristers, heralds and pages, musicians and, 
servitors, some are synecdochally set down for a 
greater number; while nearly 500 personages, 
the princes and prelates of Belgium ; her nobles 
and high dignitaries ; her counsellors and magis- 
trates,^ each designated by name and title, and 


That all these figures are actual portraits may 



be inferred by the variety of the several counten- 
ances, wherein many existent families may trace 
maj or urn imagines. Five additional plates ex- 

the faqade of the cathedral appropriately 
draped with candles and skeletons ; a chronicle of 
the archiducal victories, stretching from Lisbon 
to Ostenri ; together with an array of epigraphs, 
attributing to H.I. II. "every virtue under heaven," 
- a catafalque, a chapelle ardente, and, to cap the 
climax, "the chariot of Generosity ;" wherein sits 
a Patagonian goddess (or saintess 
high, with half a dozen minor deities acting as 
p jstilions, " Reason" and "Providence" being be- 
tween the shafts, after the fashion of certain 
modern essayists, dos-a-dos. This gaudy machine 
fitter for a living lord mayor than for a de- 
ceased archduke — is covered with some thirty 

) twelve feet 


as many coat-armours, and more 




In the tetraglottic record of the Spanish kings 
counsellor and historiographer, I lighted on one 
passage eminently applicable to our own Prince, 
Friend, and Father — a diamond in a heap of 
pebbles : 

" Amplius erat, Albertum esse quam Regetu; amplius, 
mereri diadeina, quam induere." 

Edmund Letsthal Swifte. 


I have just witnessed a performance of the 
mummers in the hall of an old country house 
in the south-west part of Hants. I regret to 
find that the "act" now varies every year, 
and is furnished from London. The speech of 
Old Father Christmas is the traditional epi- 
logue, which has not been tampered with. The 

arms were striped 
missioned officer. 

" In come I, Father Christmas, 
Welcome or welcome not ; 
I hope Old Father Christmas 
Will never be forgot. 
Christmas comes but once a-year, 
When it comes it brings good cheer: 
Roast beef, plum-pudding, 
And Christmas pie, 
Who likes it better than I. 
I was born in lands 

Where there was no one to make my cradle, 
They first wrapped me in a bowddish, 
And then in a ladle. 

Where I go, I am nick-named [half silly] 
And hump-backed; 
My father was an Irishman, 
My mother was an Irishman. 
My sister Suke 
Cocked an eye, 
And played the rattat-too. 
My father he was a soldier bold 
As I used to often hear them say, 
They used to fight with great big sticks, 
And often run away ; 
There's no such fighting in our time, 
They fight with sword and gun, 
And when in battle forced to go 
There is no chance to run. 
In comes I, little T wing-Twang, 
I am the lieutenant of the press gang; 
Also I press young men and women 
To go board man of- war. 
Likewise Little Johnny Jack, 
My wife and family at my back ; 
Although that they be any small. 
If you do not give me lamb, bread, and onions, 
I'll starve them one and all. 
Likewise Little Jackie John, 
If a man want to fight 
Let him come on ; 
I'll cut and hack 'urn 
Small's the dust. 
Send Uncle Harry 
To make piecrust 
For my dinner to-morrow." 

Mackenzie E. C. Walcott, M.A., F.S J 


Much is it to be wished that authors and edi- 
tors would, by prefixing to the works written and 
edited by them respectively, an analytical table of 
contents, follow the laudable example of Mr. 
Henry Thomas Buckle in those two volumes he 
has published on the History of 


The student, having committed 


(hamalis personce wore white trousers, and coats 

like tunics of printed calico, with scarves, wooden memory this table, could, with increased facility, 
swords, and hats covered with ribbons and artifi- 
cial flowers. 

They represent Sir II. Havelock 
(who kills) Nana Sahib, and Sir Colin Campbell 

physician, who was distinguished by a horse-hair 
plume in a pointed cap. Old Father Christmas 
wore breeches and stockings, carried a begging- 
box, and conveyed himself upon two sticks ; his 

acquire a complete knowledge of the volume he 
would thereafter read, and in his inquiries on the 
subject, by its aid, at once refer to the passage 
containing the required information. Nor could 
such an analysis be unacceptable to any ; and his 
labour entailed in the construction thereof should 
amply be compensated for by the reflection that 

the writer has in some measure lessened the diffi- 


3'd S. I. Jan. 25, '62.] 



culties which beset the student's path. I am well 
aware that to all works this table could not be 
applied; still, however, I would, on my own be- 
half, and for the interest of others, suggest its 
general adoption. 

Again, to each paragraph, let a brief analysis 
of its contents be annexed in the margin, as is 
now done in printed acts of Parliament and in 

most legal works. 

The necessity for a complete list of authors 

quoted or referred to mu3t be evident to any 

reader of " N. & Q." The frequent questions 

inserted therein relating to the edition of some 

work, or the name of an author, will justify 

my reference to the subject. Herein also Me. 

Buckle deserves the thanks of all students. 

Below I venture to eive a tabulated statement 

of the necessary information : 

Author's T .., * hm :*:,*». Place of 

Name in *"*, ^22L Date. Publica- Remarks. 
Full. Book ' orEdltor - tion. 

Ernest W. Bartlett. 

English translation ; 

Minor &att£. 

The Polyphemus or Turner. — Mr. Thorn- 
bury {Life of Turner, i. 316) thinks "there can 
be no doubt that Turner selected this subject 
from the ninth book of the Odyssey." He also 
says (ii. 210) : " I do not think he went much fur- 
ther than Lempriere for his c Polyphemus/ " But 
Mr. Thornbury has omitted the Cyclops of Euri- 
pides, to which Turner could have access in an 

or if not, his old friend the 
Rev. Mr. Trimmer, who essayed to teach Turner 
Greek at fifty, might have furnished the particu- 
lars of this story to Turner, ever ready to catch 
at information, from the seaman to the classical 
critic of art. T. J. Buckton. 


Surnames. — A fruitful source of such, often 
very curious and unusual, may be found in the 
subscription lists of various societies, religious and 
philanthropical. In instance, a page now before 
me of some years ago supplies the names of Lar- 
roder, Hatchett, Sansbury, Clogg, Emary, La- 
vender, Snee, Draegar, Starey, Roseblade, Hixter, 
Bacot, Dearlove, Boyman, Bigsby, Cahill, Ditmas 
Grisbrook, Hiscoke, Chinn, Snosswell, Byles, 

Nanson / 

Sprosten Marsen, 


tainly several of these are, at least, unusual. 

S. M. S. 

The first Bank in Australia. — Circum- 
stances have changed since the following item of 
news was circulated throughout the Eastern Coun- 
ties by the oldest of our country newspapers : 

" A banking-firm, composed of the principal inhabit- 
ants, has been established at Botany Bay; their capital 

is 20,000/., raised in 50/. shares." — The Stamford Mer- 

cury, April 3, 1818. 


The Jackdaw a Weather-Prophet. 


out of mind the citizens of Wells, whenever a 
jackdaw has been seen standing on one of the 
vanes of the cathedral tower, have often been 
heard to say " We shall have rain soon." I have 
closely observed the habits of these cunning birds 
for nearly twenty years, and particularly with 
respect to the old saying about the weather ; and 
as sure as I have seen one or more of them on the 
cathedral vanes, so sure has rain followed 
generally within twenty-four hours. I have men- 

tioned these facts to 

and from 

many persons, 
several have learnt that the same circumstances 
have been a "household tale" in different locali- 
ties for many years past. Two places I may 
mention : Croscombe, near Wells ; and Romsey, 
Hants. I have not much doubt the readers of 
" N". & Q." can enumerate other instances. Can 

reason be assigned wh/ these birds 




should sit on such elevated points at the approach 

of wet weather ? 

Metric Prose. — Mr. Keightley's article in 
" 1ST. & Q.," 2 nd S. xii. 515, has reminded me of a 
note which I made some time ago whilst reading 


If any 

person will refer to that book, he will find there 
a few extraordinary specimens of metric prose. 
I subjoin one quotation taken from the first 
volume (1st edition) pp. 27, 28 : 

" Why am I here? are you not here? and need I urge 
a stronger plea ? Oh! brother dear, I pray you come 
and mingle in our festival ! Our walls are hung with 
flowers you love; I culled them by the fountain's side; 
the holy lamps are trimmed and set, and you must raise 
their earliest flame. Without the gate my maidens wait, 
to offer you a robe of state. Then, brother dear, I pray 
you come and mingle in our festival." 

In the Preface to his work, Mr. D'Israeli says, 
"I must frankly confess that I have invented a 
new style." Not very new, I should say ; nor yet 

very good. 


Authorised Translator of Catullus. — In 
the Athenaeum of Dec. 21, 1861, appears the fol- 
lowing advertisement : 

" Education in Germany, Bonn. 




5, of the Poems of Catullus, &c, receives Two Pupils." 

Now, how on earth can the man be " authorised 
translator" of the "Poems of Catullus" ? I really 
do not see how Catullus, or his publisher, could 
give the requisite authorisation, unless through a 

" medium." and I have not heard that the Roman 




[3'<* S. I. Jan. 25, '62. 

poet lias made his appearance in the Spiritualist 

Magazine; probably no "spiritualist" is able to 
make a Latin verse which could by any possibility 

Emblems : Tinelli. — Will any of 


pa-s for Catullus'a. 

Perhaps some correspt 
relieve the perplexity of 




f « ST. & Q." will 

S. C. 

Colonel William Cromwell.— A warrant 
dated at the Cattle of Dublin, 13th September, 
1G42, by the Lords Justices and Council, directs 
the Treasurer-at-War in Ireland to pay to Colonel 
Win. Cromwell the sum of 24/. 3,9. for "seven 
days' drink- money for the souldiers of the seuerall 

companies undermentioned," which are as fol- 
lows : 

"To Col. Cromwell for 131 men 
To Col. Hradshaw, 133 men 
To Col. Koht. Bronghton, 11)0 men 
To Cant. Hollywood, dd men - 


£ s. d. 

6 13 

4 19 

any such work published, with the name of 

Tinelli as author? "I have a MS., apparently of 
the seventeenth century, with the title : 

" Emblemata variis datis, occasionibus aptanda, etc. 
. . . . per me Comitem Heliodorum Mariana Tinellium." 


or the copy of a printed book. 


" Gilded Chamber." — I shall feel obliged by 
references to any of the poets, &c, in which thi3 

expression occurs. 


Heraldic. — Argent, a chevron azure be 

£21 3 


tween three garbs, as many 
Crest. A game cock proper. 

mullets* argent. 

o any reader of " JT. 
& Q." who will inform me of the name and place 
of any family who use the above arms ; and when 
and to whom they were granted. J. C. H. 

And endorsed is a receipt signed " W. Cromwell." 

Can any of your readers say who this was ? and T n c * „ xv i 

V . - y J i i i. i J * nv o -\r Jakins. — Can any of your readers afiord me a 

whether anv, and what relation to Oliver r JU. , , , , . J Q x ,, T , . „ ^ 

- ' probable explanation of the surname " Jaluns, as 

The Duchess i/Angouleme and the Count to its origin, &c. Another branch of the same 

de Chambord. — I copy from a newspaper cut- family have spelled it " Jachins." Is it likely to 

ting, which h as been for some time located in my be in any way related to Jachin, a son of the 

portfolio, the following curious and, to me, mys- Patriarch Simeon, and Jachin, the name bestowed 

on one of the pillars of Solomon's Temple? W. V. 

Mrs. Maxwell, an Amazon. — In the List of 

Deaths in the 

tenons scrap of royal gos>ip. One of your earlier 

correspondents has pathetically alluded to " the 
c well-known anecdote' which one does not know ;" 

44 the 

me upon 

and I entreat you to enlighten 

purport of the secret," which is "only too well 

known. 1 ' The utmost efforts of my imagination 


xvi. p. 490, the following announcement 
pears : 


"Mrs. Maxwell, at Dublin, famous for having served 

Jail to discover what it was for which the Duchess in the horse during most of tho last war in Flanders." 

"regarded her whole life as one long expiation." 

" Ever siiit e the dpath of the Duchess d'Angonleme, 

this indiflen-nce and disbelief of all things is said to have 
in<<'d tenfold in the spirit of the Count de Chambord. 
About an hour before that venerable lady's demise, the 
Count was, by her desire, lefc alone besideher dying bed. 
So threat was her fear of being overheard, that thev say 
she insisted upon the door of the antechamber being left, 
wd,. r.jH'ii, and that of the staircase locked, to prevent 
the possibility of eaves-droppers. The secret, which had 
for so many years bowed her spirit to the very earth, and 
for which her whole life was regarded by her as one long 
expiation, was breathed into his ear, leaving its rancorous 
poison to distil into his brain as it had done into her 
own. . . . '1 he purport of the secret is but too well 

known. I he Pope himself and Lord Charles are 

said to be the only sharers in the knowledge ["how then 
can its purport be ' too well known'?] which seems to 
have robbed the Count de Chambord of all his interest in 
lilc, and to have replaced the hope with which he once 
regarded his future fate, by the remorse which his aeed 
relative had in vain endeavoured to shake off during the 
whole of her existence— a remorse and fear which neither 
decrees ? f ,he Tribunal of the Seine, nor the judgment of 
the Minister of Police, nor the book of M. de Beauchene, 

now^o^hake'o"!]-'- ° ^^ m ' [me ' wiU eVer be ab,e 


Where may particulars of Mrs. Maxwell be 



The National Colour of Ireland. — What is 
the national colour of Ireland ? Contrary to the 
general opinion, many (with good reason, they 
assert,) represent it as purple, and not green. 


Paulo Dolscio, " Psalterium." — I should be 
glad of some account of a book which I have, with 
the following title-page, and of the author : 

ixevovy vivo Tlavkov rov AoAcnaov IIAaecos." 

" Psalterium Prophetae et Regis Davidis versibus ele- 
giacis redditum a Paulo Dolscio Plavensi. Basilese per 
Joannem Oporinum." 

The date at the end is 1555, and the epistle 
dedicatory concludes thus : u Datse in Salinis in 
ripa Salse. Cal. Sep. Anno 1554." A note in 
pencil says : " Liber rarissimus, v. Salthen. Catal. 

E. A. Di 

p. 498, n. 25 ii.f 

Viri 9 

Qy. Where are the mullets? 


The following is the note in Salthenii Bibliothecce 

"Liber rarissimus, de quo adeo nil rescire potuit 


3«* s. I. Jan. 25, '62.] 



Quotations Wanted. 

1. « Go, shine till thou outshin'st the gleam 

Of all the . . . 
Go — dance till all the diamonds flash, 

That stain thy inky hair : 
Then kneel and show thy heart to God 
What broken vows are there ! " 

2. " Vous defendez que jo vous aime — et bien, 




be fair, 

What though the eye be bright, 


Vie with the rich sunlight, 
If the soul which of all should the fairest be, 
If the soul which must last through eternity, 

Be a dark and unholy thing? " 

4. " And thus the heart may break, yet brokenly live 


IChilde Harold, Canto iii. Stanza 32.] 

5. " Forgiveness to the injured doth belong, 

They never pardon who have done the wrong." 

G. " Yet died he as the wise might wish to die, 

With all his fame upon him .... 
We may die otherwise — our dim career 
May rise and set in darkness ; we may give 
Some kindly gleams which leave the rest more 

But O! 'tis sad their brightness to survive, 
And die when nought remains for which 'twere 
well to live ! " 


" Just notions will into good actions grow, 
And to our Reason we our Virtues owe. 
False Judgments are the unhappy source of ill, 
And blinded Error draws the passive Will. 
To know our God, and know our selves, is all 

We can true Happiness or Wisdom call." 

" For let your subject be or low or high, 
Here all the penetrating force must lie . 


ing House 

" Till with a pleased surprise we laugh [or smile] and 

How [or that] things so like, so long were kept 

F. K. 

Whitehall. — Some few years ago I remem- 
ber to nave read that, in adapting the Banquet- 

of Whitehall as a chapel for the 
Guards, it was discovered that the upper or a 
part of one of the windows had evidently been 
removed, and the masonry replaced in a hasty 
manner. This circumstance, of course, indicating 
the window to be that through which Charles I. 
passed to the scaffold. Can you oblige me by 
a reference to the book in which the statement 
I have given may be found, as unfortunately I 

made no note ? L. M. 

Col. Thomas Winsloe. — I was looking one 
day at an old diary, date 1766, when I came upon 
the following curious memorandum: 

Jac. Duportus, ut fere ineditum crederet, in Prasfat. ad 
suam Metaphrasin Psalmor., p. 11, sq." We cannot find 

this very rare work either in the Bodleian or the British 

Museum Catalogues. 


" Sat. August, 23, 1766. Last week died f at his seat 
in the county of Tipperary, Colonel Thomas Winsloe, 
aged 146 years : he was Captain in the reign of Charles L, 

and came with Oliver Cromwell, as Lieut.-Colonel into 

I have copied this verbatim. Can any of your 
correspondents give me more particulars about 
Colonel Thomas Winsloe. X. (1.) 

Lady Sophia Buckley. — Who was this lady 
in our Charles II.'s court, and what is known of 

her ? 

C. H. 

[This lady's name is Bulkeley, not Buckley, as errone- 
ously spelt in Dalrvmple's Memoirs, part ii. p. 189. She 
was the daughter of tho Hon. Walter Stuart, M.D., third 
son of Walter, first Lord Blantyre. The Duchess of Rich- 
mond, Frances Teresa, was her elder sister. Pepys, who 
was fond of "gadding abroad to look after beauties," 
once met the two fair sisters in his walks. "So I to the 
Park," says he, "and there walk an hour or two; and 
in the King's garden, and saw the Queen and the ladies 
walk ; and I did steal 9ome apples off* the trees; and here 
did I see my Lady Richmond, who is of a noble person as 
ever I did see, but her face worse than it was consider- 
ably bv the small-pox: her sister is also verv hand- 


Sophia Stuart married Henry Bulkeley, fourth 
son of Thomas, fir.-t Viscount Bulkeley, and Master of 
the Household to Charles II. and James II. Sophia was 
a lady of the bedchamber to the Queen in 1G87, and in the 
list of those ladies she is placed between the Countess of 
Tyrconnel and Lady Bellasyse, which seeni3 to imply 
that she had precedence above a baroness. Her duties 
about the Queen probably occasioned her being present 
at the birth of the attainted Prince of Wales. See State 
Poems, iii. 260. Granger says, that " in the reign of Wil- 
liam III. it was reported that Sophia was confined in the 
Bastile, for holding a correspondence with Lord Godol- 
phin. That she had some connection with that Lord 
may be presumed from the following stanza, which is 
part of a satire against Charles, written in 1G80 : 

* Not for the nation, but the fair, 
Our tieasury provides: 
Bulkeley 's Godolphin's only care, 

As Middleton is Hyde's. 

> 5? 


I possess a pamphlet thus en- 

But according to the Treasury Order Book at the Cus- 
toms, D. 352, F. S03, (where her surname is also spelt 
Buckley), she was residing in France in 1680. Consult 
Collins's Peerage, viii. 16, ed. 1812; and Granger's Biog. 
Hist. iv. 184, ed. 1775.] 

" A Discourse against Transubstaistiation. 

Lond. 1687. 
titled : 

" A Discourse against Transuhstantiation. The Sixth 
Edition. London: Printed for Brabazon Avlmer . . . 
and William Rogers . . 1687, Price Three Pence." 
Pp. 40. 8vo. 

It is one of the most remarkable treatises on the 
subject I ever read, and exhibits uncommon learn- 
ing and ability ; but there is scarcely anything 

in it that a Zwinglian might not have written. 

It commences thus : 

" Concerning the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, one 
of the two great positive Institutions of the Christian 




[8'd s. I. Jan. 25, '62. 


Religion, there are two main points of difference between 
us and the Church of Rome. One, about the Doctrin%of 
Transubstantiation, . . The other, about the adminis- 
tration of this Sacrament to the people in both kinds. 
Of the first of these I shall now treat. 

At the end of the pamphlet are the following 
Advertisements : 

"There is lately published a Discourse of the Com- 
munion in one kind, in answer to a Treatise of the Bishop 
of Meaux's of Communion under both species. In Quarto. 

" Also a View of the whole Controversie between the 

Representor and the Answerer . 

In Quarto" 

I suppose my pamphlet is to be found in Peck's 


of Controversial Treatises. 

Was it 

Together with Re- 

written by Wake or Dodwell ? I should be glad 
to know the author's name ? Eirionnach. 

[This Discourse is by John Tillotson, afterwards Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. It wa3 first published in 1684, 
and in the following year had passed through four edi- 
tions. It was attacked in a work entitled, "Reason and 
Authority; or the Motives of a late Protestant's Recon- 
ciliation to the Catholick Church, 
marks upon some late Discourses against Transubstanti- 
ation. Publisht with allowance. 4to. Lond. 1687." This 
work is attributed in the Bodleian and Dublin Cata- 
logues to Joshua Bassett, Master of Sidney ! College, 

Dodd {Church Hist., iii. 483.) attributes it 
to Gother. The main object of the work is to attack this 
Discourse of Tillotson, and that by Dr. Wake (Vide 
Birch's Lift of Tillotson, p. 118, edit. 1753.) A Discourse 
of the Communion in one hind, is by Wm. Pajme, M.A., 
Rector of St. .Mary's, Whitechapel ; " A View of the ivhole 
Controversy, &c, by Dr. Wm. Claget.] 

The "Press-gang" in 1706. — When did im- 


pressment for the navy 

begin ? 


century, will 




instance (transcribed from the original warrant), 
which occurred early in the last 

show in what way men were';; at that 
pressed : 

Wells Cicit. sire Bui (jus in Com. Som. :— We, whose 
names are herevnto subscribed (two of Her Maj'tic's jus- 
tices of the peace for the said Citty or Borrough), pur- 
suant to a late Acte of Parliam't made in the fourth 
and fifth yeares of her said Maj'tie's reign, entitled 'An 
Act lor the Kncouragement and better encrease of Sea- 

men, and for the 

Maj'tie's Fleet/ 



and speedier Manning of her 
exhibite and 

, . . certifie, vnder one 

hands and scales, That James Middleham, Jun', of the 
said Citty or Burrough, was, the nineteenth day of Aprill 
infant brought before vs by Edward Bence and John 
Kenfield two of her Maj'tie's officers belonging to the 
said Citty or Burrough, and then Impressed before vs; 
and at the same tvme delivered over bv vs vnto John 
Ilorsman, appointed Conductor to receive the same ac- 

to the direction of the said Act. Dated vnder 


our hands and scales the Thirtieth day of Aprill, in the 
fifth veare of the reign of our sovereign Lady Ann Queen 
over England, & c ., Anno D'ni, 170*? 

u Jacob YVorkall, May'r. 
Pi:. Davis, Kecord'r."" 

In a. 

on of 

naval service. 

press men for the 

But according to a writer of a pamphlet, 

entitled A Discourse on the Impressing of Mariners ; where- 
in Judge Foster's Argument is Considered and Answered 

8vo. [1777], the words of this statute do not in the least 
countenance the right of impressment. The words of the 
original are these : u Item, pur ceo qe plusours mariners 
apres ce qils sont arestuz et retenuz pur service du Roi 
sur la meer en defence du roialme et en ont receux lours 
gages appurtenantz senfuent hors du dit service sanze 
conge.'' The great mistake and impropriety (continues 
this writer) consists in the translator's having rendered 
the French word arestuz by the "English word arrested; 
whereas it implies to bargain with, to hire, to agree for. 
He also contends that the commission in 29 Edward III. 
has no reference to compulsory impressment. Even the 
statute 2 & 3 Phil. & Mary, c. 16, only applies to water- 
men who use the river Thames between Gravesend and 

Trap Spider. 




many sources 

without avail, I write to you to ask if you can 
tell me the name, i. e. the proper name of the 
spider called the " Trap Spider " at Corfu. It 
makes a door to its habitation, and if anyone 
attempts to get at the inmates, it so places one of 

within, the network that it cannot be 



opened. It is well known in Corfu, but I should 
be much obliged to you to tell me in " N. & Q." 

what its proper name is. 

An Inquirer. 

[We regret that our correspondent has not told us 
where he met with the above particulars. There are 
spiders of the genus Mygale (Walckenaer), species Avicu- 
laria, which at the entrance of their tunnel, " construct 
a door, moving upon a hinge," with a mat of silk fastened 
to the inner surface, u on which the animal frequently 
reposes, possibly for the sake of guarding the entrance" 
There is also another species of the same genus, Sp. 
Ccementaria, Araignee mineuse, which inhabits Spain, the 
south parts of France, and other shores of the Mediter- 
ranean, therefore probably Corfu. "It resists the open- 
ing of its door with its utmost strength, and continues 
struggling in the entrance till the light has fairly en- 
tered, after which it retreats into the earth." Can this 
be the species after which our correspondent inquires? 
See Encyclo. Britan. ed. 1853, iii. 377, 378, under Arach- 
nid es.] 

"Preces Privatje." — Will any of your cor- 
respondents kindly tell me anything concerning 

the subjoined book, particularly as to its worth or 

" Preces privatae, in Studiosorum gratiam collects, et 
Kegia Authoritate approbate. Londini : Excudebat 
Gulielmus Seres, Anno Domini, 1564." 


[The Preces Privates may be considered as a revised 
edition of Queen Elizabeth's Orarium. the Canonical 


^v^*. Elizabeth's Orarium, 
Hours of Prayer being omitted. 

C1 . In fact, the two works 

have been confounded by Strype {Annals of Reformation, 
vol. i. pt. i. p. 354, ed. 1824), and bv Dibdin {Ames, iv. 
219.) Consult also the Preface to Bishop Cosin's Collec- 
tion of Private Devotions. The Preces Privates was first 
published in 1564, and reprinted in 1568, 1573, and 1574. 
(Herbert's Ames, pp. 696, 702.) The edition of 1573 is 
best known, from the circumstance of its being, accord- 
ing to the title-page, an enlarged (quibusdam in locis 
auctae), and an improved edition, and is of considerable 
rarity. The edition of 1564 is reprinted in the Private 

Prayers put forth by authority during the Reign of Queen 

Elizabeth, edited by the Rev. W. K. Clay for the Parker 

3'* S. I. Jan. 25, W.] 



Society, 1851 ; and that of 1568 by Mr. Parker of Oxford 
in 1854. The first edition, 1564, fetched 21. 8s. at Sothe- 
by's, in April, 1857.] 

Bishops' Charges. — Can I be informed whe- 
ther any public libraries in England or Ireland 
contain any considerable number of printed copies, 
or original manuscripts, of the charges delivered 
by Bishops of the United Church within the last 
hundred years ? And if so, by /what titles they 
are indexed in the Catalogues. R. P. 

[The charges would be entered in all library catalogues 
under the surname of each bishop.] j 

Abbey Counters or Tokens. — Where can|I 
find some account of these pieces, which not un- 
frequently turn up in the cultivation of land in 

Scotland ? 

J. H. 

specific work on Abbey Tokens; 
but the following may be consulted : Nouvelle E'tude de 
Jetons, par J. de Fontenay ; Les Liberies de Bourgogne 
cTapres les Jetons de ses E'tats, par Gl. Rossignol ; Lind- 
say on the Coinage of Scotland, 2 Parts, 4 to, 1845-59 ; 
and Snelling's Jettons or Counters, especially those known 
by the name of Black Money and Abbey Pieces, 4to, 1769. 



(2 nd S. xi. 70, 115.) 

Pelayo is not the author of a book of travels, 
but the hero of a novel : 

"Ilistoria Fabulosa del distinguido Caballero Don 
Pelayo Infanzon de la Vega, por Don Alonso Bernardo 

Ribero y Larrea, Cura de Ontalvilla y Despoblado Onta- 
riego de Segovia. Madrid, 1792, 12°, 2 torn." 

The only notice I have found of this work is 
in Ticknor, who says : 



ujoie ae ia uantaoria reiiere jos viajes a 
corte de un hidalgo llamado Don Pelayo, su residencia 
en ella, y en vuelta a lamontafTa, admiradoy sorprendido 
de que los Vizcainos y montaneses no estem reputados en 
todas partes por los mas nobles y ilustres del mondo." 
Tom. iv. p. 238, Spanish translation. 

The novel is an imitation of Don Quixote, 
written in a good style, and abounding in good 
sense, but feeble in interest and wit. Don Pelayo 
leaves his father's house to convince the world 
that the Biscayens are its most illustrious in- 
habitants. On all other subjects he is sane and 
talks to the purpose, though somewhat prosily. 
He is accompanied by a retainer, Mateo de Palacio, 
an Asturian, who speaks the dialect of his country, 
and may say some good things which I do not 
understand. Don Pelayo is cured of his illusion 
by a short residence at Madrid, and some o visits 
to the Court, and he goes home and marries." 

Cervantes often calls his tale historia verda- 
dera; on the contrary, Ribera says, esta historia 
Jingida. Were^ any restraints placed, either by 
discinline or oninion. on thp Rnnniah plormr *a +r* 

7 w ~ ■ 

The passage 

is m a 



"Tanto fue lo que se est&nrf el pronombre de Bon, 
que los Reyes le conceditfron a algunos hombres en 
fuerza de servicios grandes. Al conde de Cabra quando 
hizo prisionero en una batalla al Rev chico de Granada; 
a Cristobal Colon porque descubrio las Indias, que est&n 
hacia el Poniente : a Basco de Gama por la mucha tierra 
que descubrio & la parte de l'Oriente; y a Cortes hizo la 
misma gracia el Senor Don Carlos Quinto despues que 
anadid un Nuevo Mondo a su dilatado Imperio. Esto 
sucedia por aquellos tiempos; pero en el dia de hoy 
anda tan coraun el Don, que se agravia vivamente un 
escribano, si se le llama Rodrigo Talavera, y su Reveren- 
disima habra hecho alto acerca del recado que un mozo 
de esta casa me ha dado a mi mismo quando le envie a 
llamar un Barbero, y se salid con decirmequo sus dom£s- 
ticos le habian dado por respuesta, de que su merced no 
se hallaba en casa." — T. i. p. 114. 

H. B. C . 

U.U. Club. 


(2 nd S. xii. 502.) 



sack-bags in my museum to enable me to give a 
decisive answer to your correspondent C. In the 
year 1855, a friend of mine passing through Con- 
stantinople, bought saddle-bags made of leather 
at the horse-bazaar at Stamboul, this being the 
usual sack for carrying merchandise in the East, 
whether on a pack-saddle, or with the ordinary 
Turkish saddle on which the traveller sits, a bag 
hanging on each side, and two leathern bottles in 
front of him. And I myself have, lying in a lum- 
ber room at an old family house in the country, 
similar saddle-bags used by my ancestors in past 
centuries, a leathern contrivance borrowed from 
remote antiquity, long before weaving was known 
among the Britons. For these reasons I believe 
skins were the first and earliest contrivance ap- 
plied by man for locomotion, whether of liquids 
or dry goods, or for seating his own person on the 
back of a beast of burden, especially among the 
pastoral tribes in the East. Do we not gather as 
much from the narrative of Joseph's Brethren ? 
What else could their "sack-bags" have been but 
the skins of beasts ? Jacob and his sons had no 
" woven fabric" in their wild country. In Egypt 
there was plenty of such material, and so Joseph 
gave all his brothers changes of raiment, and Ben- 
jamin five changes. But you may say, What of 
the coat of many colours made for Jacob's darling 
child? It was the skins of the smaller wild ani- 
mals, or of the wild beast incidentally alluded to 
in the narrative. Deerfoot, the American Indian 

savage, " wild as in his native woods he ran," 
wears just such a showy skin across his shoulder, 
fastened by a brooch-pin (ojSeAos, a spit, Cleopa- 
tra's needle), like Hercules and the Nemean lion. 

And the minstrels from the Abruzzi, wild tracts 




t 1 V - 

[3 rd S. I. Jan. 25, '62. 

Calabria, now wandering ab 

our streets, 

in Ualaona, now w»uuuu.g *»»»* ««* «^— , 
wear skin coats just as they come stripped from 

to be confounded with tambellit, sacks of wool co- 
vered in the middle with leather, used, through 

the sheep's back, and their breeches, and their all history, for baggage." 
laced sandals, and the bags or sacks for their pipes, 
are all of the same primaeval material. AvkosPoos, 
the bag in which iEolus bottled up the winds 

(Od. x!l9.) 
Skins (leather when tanned) have been the 

staple for human clothing from Adamitical times 

to the present day in all wild districts of the 

globe. Yes, " nothing like leather," for houses or 

dress, for shields or boats. JE t " "" " 

Queen's Gardens. 



tilis cymba Charontis. The Cymri had their 
coracles, and their segan, the skin cloak, now be- 
come the Welsh whittle of flannel. The shepherd's 
"bottle and bag" (Od.ii. 291) were both leathern. 
David's ban for the live smooth stones, and his sling 
(mat) were the same, and so was the bag or purse the 
traitor .Judas bore (y\co<Tao!co l uov), the palate or 
cud-bags of ruminating animals, curious speci- 
mens of which may be seen in any tripe-dresser's 
shop. " Old Bags," saccos nummorum, was the 

common .sobriquet of Lord Chancellor Eldon. 


(2 nd S. xii. 338, 444.) 

It would appear that the prior existence of a 
flag with thirteen red and white stripes, suggested 
its adoption at the period of the Revolution by 
the thirteen English colonies then in rebellion ; 
but it can scarcely be imagined that the armorial 
bearings of their commander-in-chief conduced 

towards such a choice. 


if the TJ\ 

by John Beaumont, jun., 4th edit., published in 
London 1704, represents the East India Com- 
pany's flag as consisting of a field bearing thirteen 

alternate red and white stripes with a St. George's 
_ cross on ' a white canton, which rests upon the 

College bursars and ships' pursers set their names fourth red stripe. From your last correspondent 
from leather ; and a hide, or five hides of land, on the subject (C. Harbertoniensis, who quotes 
was a common gift by William after the Norman some French authority), we find this same flag 

Conquest to his retainers, and the ville was called 

Ilvde, or Five-head; c. g. Five-head Neville. ^ . . 

'It appears from Burekhardt's Notes, that the I bore but nine red and white stripes with the same 

Bedouin Arabs very early made skins leather by 

still in use on the English squadrons in 1737, 
while the E. I. Company's flag, at that period, 


St. George's Cross, 

tannin" them. And according to Robinson's Re- 
searches they use small sacks and larger saddle- 
bags of hair cloth (camlet sack ?), but this was 
long posterior to Jacob's time. The oriental lan- 
guage of Job, " I have sewed sackcloth on my 
skin, and defiled my horn in the dust," may be 
simply the expression for deep mourning; or if 
taken literally would be, u pinned a sheep- skin A a g? a red flag with white cross, a yellow flag with 
round him, and sat covered with dirt" like a hermit blue cross, a flag half blue and half white, flags 

is still the flag of 
the company. 

On the 15th of May, 1759, Admiral Charles 
Saunders issued Sailing Orders and Instructions 
in the harbour of Louisbourg before setting out 


Among the signal-flags mentioned 

we have the English ensign, the Dutch flag, a red 

(eprjuos) in a cave 


leather and ashes," 

in the Semitic dialects I mi<jdit enter critically into 
the etymology of sack, a word, Dr. Johnson says, to 
be found in all languages, but the root not on this 
side the Flood. C. tells me sak and amtakhah are 
used indiscriminately in Genesis; and I find no 
enlightenment as to a difference in their meaning 

blue and yellow checkered, and red and white 

But the philological question. If I were skilled checkered, a flag yellow and white striped, and a 

ilag red and white striped, with corresponding 
pennants, &c. Of course such provincial vessels 
as joined the fleet were well acquainted with these 


The first American fleet raised under the im- 


too f 

wiumiia wmi nvuuynorsicai derivations ana 
itions, which we old antiquaries are always 
>nd of indulging in. If C. will refer to the 
parallel texts— Mark i. 6, Matt. hi. 4, 2 Kings 
i. 8, Zech. xiii. 4, Joshua ix. 4-6, he will find skin, 
leather, and camlet, or hair shirt, almost syno- 

nymous, and strongly confirming my interpreta- 

turn i\i o,il, ^ 

tion of .suit. 

Burder's Oriental Customs ( 

1802), note 

32, says, on the authority of Chardin and 


ler, "Sacks for corn 



Philadelphia Feb. 9th, 1776, "under the display 
of a Union flag* with thirteen stripes in the field." 
The following flags are mentioned on the orders 
issued to the several captains of the fleet, on sail- 
ing from the Capes of Delaware, Feb. 17th, 1776: 
the standard, bearing a rattle-snake on a yellow 
field, &c. (as described 2 nd S. xii. 338), the striped 
jack, and the ensign, under which they had sailed 
a week previous ; also a St. George's ensign with 

* That is, with the British Union of the crosses of St 
George and St. Andrew on a canton, being the same flag 
raised by the Continental army on Prospect Hill, before 
Boston, Jan, 3, 1776, 

3'* S . I. Jan. 25, '62.] 



stripes, a white flag, a Dutch flag, a broad pen- 
nant, and pennants of fed and white. 

During the month of July, 1776, Capt. Lambert 
Wickes appears to have been cruising off the coast 
in the Reprisal, under a flag of " thirteen stripes 
in a white and yellow field." This is not a very 
lucid description, but the flag may have been 
similar to the signal one of yellow and white 
stripes used by Admiral Saunders at Quebec in 

On the 14th of June, 1777, it was resolved by 
Congress " That the flag of the Thirteen United 
States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white: 
That the Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue 
field, representing a new constellation." This re- 
solution was not made public until the following 

Relative to the early New England flag a few 
remarks may not be unappropriate. Upon the 
planting of the colony, among numerous articles 
deemed necessary for an intended voyage, 26th 
Feb. 1628(9), are mentioned "two ensigns and 
certain arms for one hundred men," to be brought 
out by the Talbot, Thorn. Beecher, Mr. The 
ancient or ensign appears, then, to have been an 
elongated red banner with the red cross upon a 
white chief running along the staff. Soon after 

the arrival of the settlers under Gov. Winthrop, 
in 1630, military companies were organised, and 
subsequently a temporary fort was erected on 
Castle Island, in the harbour off Boston. In 1634, 
John Enchcott, deeming the red cross in the 
King's colours to be " a superstitious thing, and a 
relic of antichrist," cut from the ensign at Salem 
a portion of the same. Many now refused to 
follow the old colours, and the commissioners for 
military affairs ordered all the ensigns to be laid 
aside, until new ones should be appointed for the 
companies. It was subsequently proposed to in- 
sert the red and white roses in lieu of the objec- 
tionable emblem, but this was not agreed to, and 
early in 1635(6) the commissioners assigned new 
colours to every company. These colours, from 
what we can learn, were merely the old ensigns 
from which the entire white chief, with its accom- 
panying cross, had been removed, though into that 
one displayed at Castle Island they wisely deter- 
mined to insert the King's arms, probably in the 
then usual manner, upon a shield. This latter 
arrangement, however, does not appear to have 
been carried out immediately, and but a few 
months after the St. Patrick of Ireland, on enter- 
ing the harbour, was obliged to strike her flag to 
the fort, "which had then no colours abroad." 
The act occasioned much discontent among the 
masters of some ten vessels, then lying in the vici- 
nity of Boston, and accordingly the King's colours 
were obtained from Capt. Palmer of the St. Pa- 
trick, while Lieut. Morris was ordered to spread 

them " at Castle Island when the ships passed by, 

yet with this protestation, that we held the cross 
in the ensign idolatrous, and therefore might not 
set it up in our own ensigns ; but this being kept 
as the King's fort, the Governor (Sir Henry Vane) 
and some others were of opinion that his own 
colours might be spread upon it." In May, 1645, 
the General Court, in reply to some inquiries 
which had been made by Richard Davenport, the 
Commander at the Fort, directed that he should 
4 make use of the old colours till new be provided,' 
upon such occasions as it should be necessary. 
This last order was repeated in 1651, the Court 
conceiving c the old English colours now used by 
the Parliament of England to be a necessary 
bactee of distinction betwixt the English and other 
nations in all places of the world, till the state of 
England shall alter the same, which ' (with the 
former antipathy to the cross) ' we much desire.' 
It may be supposed that after this period the Eng- 
lish ensign again came into general use, especially 
subsequent to the accession of Charles II., who 
was proclaimed at Boston on the 8th of August, 
1661, and yet early in 1676 Commissary Fair- 
weather was ordered by the Council to provide 
seven colours for the army of Narraganset, each to 
be made of red sarcenet a yard square, one with a 
blaze of white in it ; the others to have each of 
them a figure of white in them, No. from 1 to 6." 


These flags last alluded to may have been merely 
expressive of the colonists' hostile intentions 
against the savages, red being the colour of the 
English flag of defiance.* 

In December, 1686, Sir Edmund Andros ar- 
rived as Governor of New England under James 
II., bringing with him a new seal •and flag, and 
u about sixty red coats." This new flagf bore on 
a square white field the red cross of St. George, 
and inscribed on the latter was the royal cipher 
surmounted by a crown in gold. 

During the succeeding reigns of William and 
Mary the sea-colours of New England appear, 
with slight difference, to have been the same as 
the English ensign of the period. In proof of 
which Beaumont, in his State of the Universe, 
1704 (already alluded to) gives the Royal Stan- 
dard of William III., and the various flags of 
England, including that of New England. The 
latter is depicted as bearing on a square red field 
a White canton with the red St. George's cross, in 
the first quarter of which is a green tree ; the co- 
lonists had, as early as 1652 adopted the tree, 

_ . _ _ _ _- _ _ __r 

* In 1689 Thomas Pound was captured at Tarpauline 
Cove, by the armed sloop Mary of Boston, commanded 
by Capt. Samuel Pease of Salem. Pound was convicted, 
seeing that he " being under a red fiag at the head of the 
mast, purposely and in defiance of their Majesty's au- 
thority, had wilfully, and with malice aforethought, 
committed murder and piracy upon the high seas, being 
instigated thereunto by the devil." 

f New England Papers, vol. iy. p. 223, ia British State 
Paper Office. 




[3'd S. I. Jan. 25, '62. 

usually called a pine-tree, as a device upon tJieir 


In opposition to the above we have another re- 
presentation of the New England colours in Carel 
Allard's Niewe Hollandre Scheeps-Bouw, 2nd vol., 

spondent will find the paper to which I allude in 
the Bannatyne Miscellany, vol. iii. p. 227. I men- 
tion this circumstance for your correspondent's 
information, and by way of spreading a knowledge 
of the existence of this paper among the admirers 

same as that quoted by IIarbertoniensis from 
the French work of 1737, viz. on a blue field the 
white canton and St. George's cross, with a globe* 
in its first quarter. A similar flag is described as 
having been borne by the colonists on Bunker 
Hill in 1775, save that the pine tree supplied the 
place of the globe. 

Perhaps some of your numerous readers may 
determine, from better authority, whether cre- 
dence is to be ^iven to the statement of Beau- 
mont or that of Allard, as also at what time such 
flag was first borne by the colonists. 

I, J. Greenwood. 

New York, 30th Dec. 1861. 

I observed in an article in Blackwood's Magazine 
(April, 1861), on Americanisms the following re- 

published at Amsterdam in 1705. This flag is the of Leighton, not with any view of casting doubt 

— " upon Eirionnacus research. ..No one ought to 

be blamed for unacquaintance with the pro- 
ceedings or publications of these exclusive print- 
ing Clubs. The paper in question contains a copy 
of Leighton's will, a fac-simile of his signature to 
the covenant, and also of a letter of his, presumed 

to be written about 1673. 

John Bruce. 


marks : 

"The original flag was merely 13 stripes .... adopted 

by resolution of Congress, June, 14, 1777 It is scarcely 

to be thought a new republic, in the first flush of its libert\ r , 
would adopt as its ensign the heraldic blazon of an Eng- 
lish house." 

I beg, with all diffidence, to surest that such 
an adoption, considering the then general iffno- 

Vossius " Db Historicis Grjecis " (2 nd S. 

xii. 369, 525.) — My copy has also the phenome- 
non described by C. J. R. T. I have waited to 

the explanation — about the correctness of 
which I entertain no doubt — until I could see 
whether the whole edition was so issued, or whe- 
ther I happen to possess an exceptional copy. 

It is important first to remark that the prac- 
tice we now have of detecting a, cancel, by verti- 
cally slitting the leaf which is to be replaced, was 

1651 : I have rare instances nearly 
thirty years older. The first thing that suggested 
itself to me was that this pair of vertical lines 
was some kind of warning of the nature of a can- 

in vogue in 

eel : and examination showed that it must have 
been so, and in the following way. 

Gerard Vossius died in 1649, leaving the second 

ranee of the poorer classes on such subjects, would i r ,- i , • , ^ tj. T ^ 
nnf linvn imnn v « ~- i i x i. i u l i.x« i edition almost printed. His son Isaac was then 
not ha\e been recognised or detected; but setting \ ^ mgxArxw% _i £„ a^*. „,*#. ~c +u. ui:^ _ 

this aside, American Independence was mainly 
secured, not by the popular majority, but by the 
upper minority. The conduct of the first war 
proved that success was due to the exertions of 
the American gentry, and not to the lower orders, 

whose more underspread descendants have ap- 
propriated the credit. 

What is more, we have (published) Washing- 
tons own desire, expressed in several notes on the 

flag of 


Sweden, and the first act of the publisher was to 
procure an editor who superintended the remain- 
ing printing, and added an Ad Leciorem, explain- 
ing that Isaac Vossius was not accessible. This 
editor must have been, I suppose, A. Thysius, 
who in 1651 also edited the De Historicis Latinis. 
On second thoughts, however, it seems that it 
was determined to wait, and to apply to Isaac 
Vossius for a preface of some kind. The type of 
the Ad Lector em was therefore put by, having 

lieve, amongst others, in Harpers Magazine. 

Singapore, Nov. 1801. 


adopted, and if 1 mistake not, he also made sketches fllSt k . d . l a 1 C0U P ,e ° f lin . es inserted in . the ™ anne . r 
of his proposed flag, which are to be found, I be- n( ? w vlsl V le > a . s a warning not to print from it 
'" ■ ' without inquiry. Isaac Vossius, by 1651, fur- 

nished what was wanted in the shape of a dedica- 
tion to Christina of Sweden. 

taken the place of the Ad Lector em, which ought 
to have been withdrawn. But, by neglect, the 
dedication was inserted between the Ad Lectorem 
and the work, the black lines were not noticed, and 

Archbishop Li: 


igiiton s Library at 
blank (3 rd S. i. 3.) —Your able correspondent 
I.irionnach does not seem to be aware that the 
account of the foundation of this library, written 
by Bishop Lobert Douglas, of Dunblane, with the 
list ol Leighton's manuscripts, and other valuable 
matter relating to the same subject, was printed 
by the Bannatyne Club in 1855. Your corre* 

This ought to have 

the catch-word Gerar 

which was meant to 

be followed by Gerardi at the head of page 1, 
has all the dedication interposed. I have not met 
with any person who has seen a similar instance. 

A. De Morgan. 

Cowell's Interpreter condemned (3 rd S.i.9.) 
— The entire Proclamation referred to in this com- 
munication is printed in the best edition of Cowell, 

published in 1727, and there is a somewhat cha* 

3** S. I. Jan. 25, '62.] 



racteristic variation in one passage. The extract 
ven in " N. & Q." reads " the History of the 
Monarchic," but the Proclamation, as printed in 
the Preface of the edition above mentioned, gives 
11 the Mysteries of this our Monarchie." 


The Proclamation from^which Ithuriel gives 
an extract is printed in extenso with more relative 
matter in the preface to the edition of the Inter- 

in 1701. 

Manley, published 

Q. Q. 

Army Lists (2 nd S. xii. 434.) — The earliest ap- 
proach extant to a printed army list will be found 
in the GentlemarCs Magazine., xviii. 506-7, xv. 
92. The former gives a list of general and staff 
officers in Great Britain and Ireland, with their 
pay per day ; governors of garrisons in Ireland, 
and generals in Flanders in 1748 ; the other list 
embraces all the regiments in his Majesty's ser- 
vice, the number of each colonel in succession to 
the year 1744, with the lieut.-colonels, majors, 
&c. This list is of great interest. The house- 
hold cavalry embraces Horse Guards, Grenadier 

Guards, and H 


5th Dra- 

goons appear as the Royal Grenadier Dragoons 
of Ireland/ like the 6th formed at Inniskillin^. 
The 3rd regiment of Guards is designated the 
Scotch regiment; the 21st Foot are called the 
Royal Scotch Fusileers ; the 31st are stated as 


the 41st as "Invalids:" 

43rd as " formed from independent companies in 

the Highlands of Scotland ;" the 44th to the 53rd 

inclusively formed the ten regiments of marines. 

The 63rd was the last regiment on the list, and 

the total of the forces is stated to be 79,572. 

See also vol. xvii. pp. 9-12. The succession of 

colonels and pay of all grades are given in vol. vi. 

368-9 ; the half-pay and strength of regiments 
in vol. x. 613-4. 

Mackenzie E. C. Walcott. M.A.. F.S.A. 

Lord Nugent and Capital Punishment (3 rd 

In a pamphlet bearing no author's name, 

Death P< 


but dated 1853, and entitled 
Considered, I find it stated "that in a late debate" 
in the House of Commons Lord Nugent had said, 
that for a long series of years one innocent person 
had been hanged every three years. The writer 
then goes on to say, that in 1841 Sir Fitzroy 
Kelly had asserted that during the previous fifty- 
eight years no less than forty-seven persons had 
been executed whose innocence had been subse- 
quently established. 

The statements are repeated in several pam- 

the same subject ; but the 
writers in no case give any citation of the cases. 
Both Lord Nugent and Sir F. Kelly would doubt- 
less speak from a conviction of the absolute cor- 
rectness of the statements ; but it is strange that 

they did not feel it necessary to give any list of 

the persons who had been thus innocently con- 
demned. Mr. Charles' Phillips is almost the only 
writer * who has quoted cases in support of his 
argument, at least modern cases, and almost the 
only ones with which the public are familiar are 
those given by the Messrs. Chambers in one of 
their very useful tracts, all of which are of a very 
ancient date. Mr. Phillips has, however, quoted 
cases which are not proved, and where very con- 
siderable doubt must rest as to the guilt or inno- 
cence of the persons condemned. 

My present object is to ask your numerous 
readers whether any authentic history, or even 
catalogue of such cases exists. Such a compila- 
tion, if carefully made, and without the bias which 
would naturally belong to a person who amassed 
them to supply an argument in support of a favo- 
rite theory, would be both interesting and useful. 
I have collected a few cases which at some future 
time I may submit to you. I mean cases which 

are not commonly known. 


T. B. 
(3 rd S. i. 7.)— Kid- 

tory of Brazil and 

(Philadelphia), state that it was 

from that part of America that Amerigo Vespuccio 
carried to Europe the famous dye-wood which so 
resembled the brazas or coals of fire used in the 
chafing-pans of the Portuguese, that the latter 
called the place whence they came the brazas- 
land, and thence " Brazil." J. Doran. 

Tiffany (2 nd S. xii. 234, 482.)— This surname 
is most probably derived from the old French 
word tiphaine, tiphagne, tipliaingne, fete of the 
Epiphany (EirKpaveia). The initial letter in ti- 
phaine may be an abbreviation of st. Cf. Tooley 
from St. Ooley, i.e. St. Olaf. R. S. Charnock. 

Taylor Family (2 nd S. xii. 519.) — The fol- 
lowing account of a branch of the Taylor family 
settled at South Littleton, near Evesham, may 
interest your querist Heraldicus though it may 
not afford him any useful information. The ac- 
count is taken from deeds and settlements in the 
possession of informant, whose mother, with her 
younger sister, were ^co-heiresses, and the last re- 
presentatives of this branch of the Taj lor family. 
William Tajlor (spelt in the register in South 
Littleton church Tajlour) married, 1638, Judith, 
daughter of John Charlett, D.D., of Cropthorne, 
co. Worcester, prebendary of Worcester Cathe- 
dral 1607. William Taylor was in holy orders, 
and by this marriage obtained the house and 
lands at South Littleton. 

1. Francis Tajlor, their son, married Elizabeth 
Rawlins, daughter of 

Rawlins, Esq., and 

Ann Mary his wife, of Poppell or Popple ton 
parish of Church-Salford, Warwickshire. This 
Francis was of Univ. Coll. Oxford, and succeeded 

Vacation Thoughts. 




[3rd s. I. Jan 


bis fatl 



firms were 

sable, a lion statant arg. ; crest, a leopard proper. 

2. Ralph Taylor, S.T.P., born 1647, died Dec. 
1722, set. seventy-five, not married. Informant 
has an excellent half-length portrait of him by 

3. Elizabeth Taylor died unmarried, 1096. 
Francis and Elizabeth Taylor had five children, 


1. Judith died in infancy. 

2. Francis, eldest son and heir, died 1748, un- 

3. William, born 1697, a barrister, Eecorder of 

Evesham, 1727, and its representative in Parlia- 
ment, 1734; died 1741. There is a handsome 
monument to his memory in the church at Broad- 
way, co. Worcester. He died unmarried. 

fact that has transpired since! the Period of the Investi- 
gation ; the whole forming one of the most interesting 
'Documents ever laid before the British Public. By C. V. 
Williams, Esq , Author of the Life of the Right Hon. 
Spencer Perceval. London, printed for Sherwood, Seely, 
& Jones, 20, Paternoster Row, 1813." 

The printer's name is at the end of the " His- 
torical Preface," viz. " Charles Squire, Furnival's 

Inn Court, London." 

Qy. Which edition, if either, is genuine ; or are 
oil cimnlv ronrints of the same matter ? R. M l C. 

Special Licences (2 


• • 


In Eng 

land the practice of granting special licences^ in- 
discriminately was put an end to by the Marriage 
Act passed in 1753; but I cannot inform your 
correspondent when the measure was extended to 
Ireland ; nor do I knowf anything about the re- 


4. Elizabeth married John Tandy, and^ their , str j ct ; on that he speaks of. The power of grant- 
ing special licences is, by the English Act, confined 
to the Archbishop of Canterbury, but no restric- 
tions are imposed upon him. If in point of fact 
there are any to which he is subject, I conclude 
that they must be such as were in existence before 

father claimed to In 


only son and heir, William, married Mary Yearall 
of Oiivriham, near Evesham, and had three child- 
Francis, who died at seven years of age ; 
Mary, who married Thos. Griffith of Wrexham, 
and "whose eldest son supplies the above informa- 
tion. Thos. Taylor Griffith. 


It may interest ITeraldicus to know that my 

the representative of one 
branch of the Taylor family, that of Cam and 
Stinchcombe, co. Gloucester, being the son of 
Edith, daughter of Thomas Taylor, who settled at 
Publow, Somerset, about 17G5. I believe the last 
of the name was Jeremiah Taylor, who died about 
1824 s.p. 

I cannot give the arms with certainty, but I 
presume they would be the same as the Bishop's 
(erm. on a chief dnncette sa., 3 escallops or), as 
the family was always considered to be collaterally 

the Act passed. 


Manor Law (2 nd S. xii. 1 1 .) -— A careful in- 
quiry into the constitution and incidents of manors 

in this inquiry till the 

is calculated to throw much light upon the real 
nature of feudalism and the development of mo- 
dern society. But no real progress can be made 

legal idea of a manor is 
thoroughly mastered, and on this point I would 
refer your correspondent Grime to Watkins on 
Copyholds, ch. i. ; Comyns's Digest, tit. Copy- 
hold (Q) (R), Co. Litt. 58 a. There are some 
short but pithv sentences in Hallam's Middle 



descended from him. Jiso. ^\ 

y f North Street, Pentonville Road. 

Book of Common Prayer (3 
F. S. A. Clericus will find an account of the 
Prayer-Book of 1G04, giving all its peculiarities, 
in Mr. Proctor's valuable work on the Common 
Prayer, p. !)1 ; and although the original edition 
may be scarce, I would remind him that that, and 
aU the other editions of the Prayer-Book, were 
printed verbatim by Pickering in 1844, to which, 

as they are not rare, reference may be easily made. 

G. W. M. 

Trial of the Princess or Wales (3 rl S. i. 32.) 
am in possession of a volume which appears 
to differ from those mentioned at the above refer- 

Ages that afford a clue to further inquiry ; and if 
I remember rightly, there is a good deal to be 
gleaned from Tyrrell's Bibliotheca Politico:, a sort 
of open field where, by the custom of the country, 
gleaning is allowable. If it is any part of Grime's 
object to trace the constitution of the court baron 
up to the time of the Anglo-Saxons, and through 
them to work out its connection with the judicial 
organisation of other Teutonic races, he may 
study with advant; 


Histowj of 

History of 

Roman Law, in which he treats of the judicial or- 
ganisation of the Germans. Yerac. 

The "Kemember" of Charles I. on the 

Scaffold (2 nd S. x. 164.) — Has any English his- 
torian noticed the following remarkable passage in 
the. Memoires de Madame de Motteville ? 

_ _ . ..., i,.„iix. »,uiii|)umii . iK-nig me! wnoie or tne L»epo- I " Un anglais, bon serviteur de son Roi, et bien instruit 
8 r 1" " * ° " . t ' H " l nv w est 'tf;ition of the Conduct of the Princess j de ses affaires, me compta toutes les particularites que je 

viens d'eerire, avec celles qui suivent jusques a. sa mort. 
. _.. n „.. >/ „,. Ce fut la meme personne qui me donna la harangue sui- 
pointed by the King, in the Year 1806; prepared for vante. Elle est traduite de l'anglais en assez mauvais 
publication by the late Right lion. Spencer Perceval. To francois; et sans doute elle est plus belle en sa langpe; 

which is prefixed an Historical Preface, including every je l'ai &rite de la meme maniere qu'elle m'a 6te donn&." 


Hie following is a copy of the title-page : 

" The Hook, Complete, being the whole of the Dcpo- 

- - - r . — .— . v.w V v» * W x-V AU VUVlUUtCOO 

of Wales before Lords Erxkine, Spencer, Grenville, and 

Elleiiborough, the four Commissioners of Inquiry an- 

3 rd S» I. Jan. 25, '62. ] 



The particular passage relating to the word 

" Remember " is as follows : 

teau, et donna son cordon 

&re, audit Sieur Juxson, 

"Puis il [Charles] Ota son manl 
bleu, qui est Tordre de la Jarreti 
disant, * Souvenez-vous;* et le reste il le dit tout bus. 99 * 

If Madame de Motteville's English informant be 
worthy of credit, the "Remember" was not a soli- 
tary word, but the commencement of a sentence, 
the remainder of which was inaudible to all except 
Bishop Juxon, to whom it was whispered. 




) — To perpetuate the notice of these 

families of the West of England in 


with the parish of Kensington, I avail myself of 
the present opportunity to give their armorial 
bearings and alliances from a pen-and-ink trick- 
ing in my possession, more particularly as I do 

not meet with the arms of Orbell in any printed 
heraldic authority : 

Pitt of Cricket Malherbe, co. Somerset.— Gule3 a fesse 
chequy argent and azure, between three bezants. 

Crest — A stork proper, resting its dexter claw upon a 


Second, Barry of six or and azure, on a 

bend sable, three escallops argent, — for Lingard. 

Third. Orbell, as given below. 
Fourth. Chace, viz. Gules, four cross-crosslets, two and 
two or, on a canton azure (sic) a lion passant or. 

OrbelVs coat consists of four quarters, viz. : 

1. Per cheveron sable and argent, in chief two pair of 
sickles interlaced, of the second; in base a heath-cock of 
the first — for Orbell. 

2. Argent a cheveron azure, between three sinister 
hands gules — for Maynard. 

3. Azure, three treble-viols each in bend sinister, two 
and one, or — for Sweeting. 

4. Per cheveron crenelle sable and or, in chief two es- 
toiles argent ; in base a cock of the first— for Faite. 

The Orbell arms seem to have been derived 

or Hock 

of the 
H. G. 

from those of H\ 
county of Devon. 

Propiiecy of Malachi (3 rd S. i. 49.) 
the statement of Mr. Hendriks, in the last number 
of "N. & Q.," that "the Prophecy of Malachi for 
the existing Pope 



Pius IX. 4 Crux de Cruce, 1 
speaks for itself.' 1 May I ask with what inter- 
pretation ? I hold penes ineipsum a meaning, but 
I had not deemed it so obvious. 




) — The word hus- 

bandman, as used at the beginning of the seven- 
teenth century, was synonymous with our term 
farmer, and was applied to the occupier or holder 
of the land (whether owner or not), and never, 
that I am aware of, to the labourer on the land. 
The distinction between husbandmen and mere 



it was 

Husbandmen being householders, 


Edition of 18o5, Charpentier, Paris. 


half a ploughland at least in tillage, 
might take by indenture apprentices above the 
age of ten years and under eighteen, to serve in 

husbandry until the age of twenty-one years at 
least, or twenty-four years, as the parties could 



To this I 

add that husbandman is the 

proper legal addition of a farmer at the present 
day, while no lawyer would think of applying it 
to the labourer in husbandry. 

The Lancashire testator mentioned by your 
correspondent was doubtless, then, a farmer as 
well as a small freeholder; and, although he might 
by virtue of his freehold have been designated a 
yeoman, which Sir Thomas Smith, in his Republ. 
Anglorum, b. i. c. 23, takes to be " a free born 
man, that may dispend of his own free land in 
yearly revenues to the sum of forty shillings ster- 
ling," yet the lawyer who drafted the will chose 
rather to describe him as an occupier of land, fol- 
lowing husbandry. D. 



Heraldic Query (3 rd S. i. 30.) — If we sub- 
stitute " wolves' heads " for " horses' heads " in 
the Query of Hermentrude, we have the coat of 
Robertson of Strowan in North Britain, with 
merely the impalement of some female arms. The 
proper crest of Robertson is an arm or hand hold- 
ing up a crown ; and as the hand is usually de- 
picted much smaller than the crown, it may have 
escaped the notice of a casual observer. The tra- 
dition respecting the origin of this crest and motto 
may be learnt from Eivin's Handbook of Mottoes, 
edit. 1860, p. 224. H. G. 

Christopher Monk (2 nd S. xii. 384, 442, 526.) 
A Note of mine to the Monk pedigree, which I 
endeavoured to trace, is as follows : 

"In a Collection of Letters, 1714 (Worcester College, 
Oxford) is a pedigree showing that a Mrs. Sherwin 
claimed to be only surviving niece and right heir to the 

I omitted to add my authority, and have now 

no recollection of it. 

It seems a suit was also brought by Lord Mon- 
tagu and his wife (widow of Christopher Monk) 



Walter Clarges, disputing the interpretation put 
upon some parts of the Duke's will. This was 
determined in 1693 in favour of Lord Bath. The 


Law Reports of the time will no doubt have the 



"The Wandering Jew "(3 rd S. i. 14.) 


excellence you must add Salathiel, by the late Rev. 
G. Croly, D.D. It is in some sort a work of 
fiction, but withal historical, philosophical, tra- 

in language classical, 

ditionary; depicted too 

chaste, eloquent, and beautiful ; indeed it is 

throughout a well-sustained narrative, abounding 

in a succession of powerful incidents, and delight- 




[3'd S. I. Jan. 25, '62. 

ful imagery. The first edition in 3 vols. 8vo, Ap- 
peared Tn 1828 ; a cheap two-shilling edition has 
recently been issued. James Gilbert. 

2, Devonshire Grove, Old Kent Road. 

Jetsam, Flotsam, and 


„. 7 ) — It seems a pity that the origin and 

meaning of these terms, after having been so well 
settled by previous correspondents, should have 

been again unsettled by A. A. 


_. ^ are directly from 

the Latin /and, independently of graver reasons, 
it seems inconsistent to derive ligan from that 


The sreneral idea is that of things abandoned or 

unowned, waifs and estrays of the ocean ; and not 
that of things in any way secured or appropriated, 
by being tied up. Lig is still a common provin- 
cialism for lie; e. g. " Where's my hammer?" 
"There her ligs" ; and I think no philological in- 
genuity will ever prove these three words to mean 
either more or less than things thrown overboard ; 

float i 

Douglas Allport, 

that ligan 

comes a Uganda 

In the derivation which he gives for ligan, all the 
text-books are on the side of A. A. ; but, as far as 
I have seen, they all rely solely on the authority 
of Sir Edward Coke, who, in Sir Henry Con- 
stable's case, says 
(5 Rep. 106.) The derivation does not appear to 
me to be satisfactory, and I have no great respect 
for Sir Edward Coke as an etymologist. I am 
therefore led to inquire whether, independent of 
him, there is any authority in favour of the deri- 
vation in question. 


Scotch Weather Proverbs (2 nd S. xii. 500.) 

Another one is 

" If Candlemas Day be wet and foul. 
The half of the winter 's gane at Yule ; 
If Candlemas Day be dry and fair, 
The half of the winter 's to come and mair." 


Rats leaving a Sinking Ship (2 nd S. xii. 502.) 
1 recently heard an accomplished gentleman of 

this subject, I forward the following extract, which 
throws some light upon the inquiry : 

"At the beginning of our voyage an incident occurred 
which had considerable influence on the men's cheerful- 
ness* This was the jumping overboard of a rat 9 just as we 
were getting well out to sea, which, after swimming 
round a circle two or three times, struck out in the direc- 
tion of the shore. I believe it went over to escape from the 
pigs; for these animals seemed to have a great taste for 
rats, and I had myself seen them wrangling over one not 
long before, and I told the men so ; but they preferred to 
believe that the act was a voluntary one on the part of 
the rat, and indicative of misfortune to the ship" — Leisure 

Hour. Jan. 16, 1862, p. 37. 

It seems, then, to be a nautical superstition. 


Wolves in E 





have heard in Hertfordshire of a similar occur- 

rence to that mentioned by B. H. C. In this 
case, however, the young wolf had attracted at- 
tention by worrying sheep at night. The matter 
may be easily explained by the habit of import- 
ing fox-cubs from France. It has often happened 
that among these [cubs a young wolf has made its 



English Ambassadors to France (3 rd S. i. 11.) 

The following is the information required by 
Secundum Ordinem : 

John Frederick Sackville, Duke of Dorset, 
1783, till 

1784, Daniel Hales, minister plenipotentiary, ad 

interim, April 28. 

1785. Right Hon. Wm. Eden 

(afterward Earl 
of Auckland), envoy extraordinary and minister 
plenipotentiary for commercial affairs, Dec. 9. 

Mr. Eden remained till 1790, when George 
Granville, Earl Gower, was appointed ambassador 
on June 11. He was recalled in Sept. 1792, and 
diplomatic relations were suspended till Oct. 13, 
1796, when James Lord Malmesbury was sent 
over as ambassador extraordinary and minister 
plenipotentiary for negociating a treaty of peace. 

R. J. Courtney. 

Xew Street Square. 

The Laugh of a Child (3 rd S. i. 31.) 


Orkney, whose residence is in one of the islands, reading these lines, I could not fail being struck 

tell tlmt, as a boy, walking with his father, they 
one day came upon an immense number of rats 
proceeding towards the shore, where they saw them 
take to the sea, and swim off. From the point of 
their departure, the nearest land opposite must 
be several miles, and as the currents among the 
Orkney Islands run with great force, it is scarcely 
conceivable that they could have succeeded in 
making their way across. This seems even more 
remarkable than their 

with the similarity in the tone of the lines given 
by your correspondent and those by Eliza Cook 
of the following : 





a sinking ship, 

leir instinct may some how teach them 
that their only chance of safety is to get clear of 
the vessel before she founders. 

Not having seen any reply to the Quei 


" I love it, I love it, and who shall dare, 
To chide me for loving that old arm chair," &c. 

I have given these lines in extenso, but you 
need not give more in the reply than the first two 
lines, as it is intended only to ask the reader to 
observe the comparison, and to inquire at the 
same time if the authors of the different poems 
are not one and the same person. 

Chad wick 

Mr. Serjeant John Birch, Cursitor Baron 
(3 ra S. i. 29.) — Mr. Foss is correct in his sugges- 

3'* S. I. Jan. 25, '62. ] 



tlon that this gentleman was the nephew of Colonel 
John Birch, the eminent parliamentary com- 
mander, whose career he shortly describes. A full 
account of the family may be seen in pp. 70-120 
in one of the publications of the Chetham Society, 
entitled, A History of the ancient Chapel ofBirch^ 
in Manchester Parish, by the Rev. John Booker, 
M.A., F.S.A. Mr. Foss will find there that the 
Serjeant was the second son of the Rev. Thomas 
Birch, Rector of Hampton Bishop, in Hereford- 
shire, and afterwards Vicar of Preston, by his wife 

Mary : and that he married Sarah the 

youngest daughter of his uncle the Colonel, who 
had by his will left her his estates on condition of 
her agreeing to that marriage. After this lady's 
death the Serjeant married, secondly, Letitia 
Hampden of St. Andrews, Holborn, but left no 

issue by either wife. 

C. de D. 






By David Irving, 

LL.D., Author of the Life of Buchanan, fyc. Edited by 
John Aitken Carlyle, M.D. With a Memoir and Glossary. 
(Edmonston & Douglas.) 

As this is the last, so it is certainly not the least valu- 
able book, for which students of Scottish literature are 
indebted to the learning and research of Dr. Irving. The 
long list of works written by Dr. Irving, from his Life 



1839, give evidence of those preliminary studies which 
were essential to the production of a satisfactory history 
of Scottish Poetry; and the consequence is, that this 
new volume by Dr. Irving abounds at once in accurate 
and solid information, and in a shrewd and intelligent 
criticism on the Poets of Scotland, from Thomas the 
Rymer to the close of the last century. Its value, there- 
fore, to Scottish readers is at once obvious. But the in- 
timate relation which existed between the early literature 
of Scotland and that of England invests it also with no 
common interest for us ; not only for the information it 
affords upon the subject of Scottish Poetry, but as a com- 
panion or supplement to Warton's invaluable work; and 
the writings of John Barbour, Robert Henrvson, William 
Dunbar, Gavin Douglas, and others of these Northern 
worthies, will be found to throw new and invaluable light 
upon the writings of Gower and Chaucer, and well repay 
the attention of English students. 



and arranged with 

Alexander Hislop. 



When we state that the present is both the most ex- 
tensive and most systematic Collection of Scottish Pro- 
verbs which has yet been given to the public, we say 

enough to recommend the book to all lovers of Proverbial 


if Common Life 

quities* Mariners, and Customs, and General Folk Lore of 

the Districts. (J. Russell Smith.) 

The "home-keeping" Londoner, whose ideas of what 
the Yorkshire dialect is have been formed from the 
Yorkshireman of our popular drama, will be astonished 

when he finds the variety of forms which that dialect 
assumes in different parts of the county. This little 
volume of nearly 500 pages, devoted to* the dialect of 
Leeds, exhibits the peculiarities of language in that dis- 
trict, and the forms in which it differs from the " talk of 
the people " in adjoining localities ; and these are well 
and clearly exhibited by the author's conversations and 
tales of common life (which show no small artistic skill) ; 
while the Glossary and Notices of the Manners, Customs, 
and Folk Lore of the district give a completeness to the 
book which entitles it to a high place among works illus- 
trative of the Provincial Dialects of England. 

History of the Names of Men, Nations, and Places in 
their connection with the Progress of Civilisation. From the 
French of Eusebius Salverte. Translated by the Rev. H. 
L. Mordacque, M.A. Vol. I. (J. R. Smith.) 

" What is in a name ? " said Shakspeare ! " Notre nam 
propre c'est nous-memes," replies the Frenchman ; and M. 
Salverte's clever and elaborate History of Names, which 
M. Mordacque has translated for the benefit of English 
readers, forms only a part of a larger scheme in which the 
accomplished French Author proposes to treat of Civili- 
sation from the earliest historic periods to the conclusion 
of the eighteenth century. No one who has read any of 
M. Salverte's writings, but must be aware of the amount 
of learning and ingenuity with which he supports his 
ofttimes very original opinions. The origin of names has 
of late years occupied a good deal of attention in this 
country. The subject interests every one, for every one 
has a name; and, as our Author observes, "our proper 
name is our individuality :" but no more interesting con- 
tribution to this peculiar branch of study has been fur- 
nished than that for which we are now indebted to the 
labours of Mr. Mordacque. 

The new number of The Quarterly Review opens with a 
very important paper on Railway Control, of which the 
means which may best be made available are, in the 
opinion of the writer, competition and publicity. The 

Autobiography of Miss Cornelia Knight, and the Life of 
Lord Castlereagh, furnish the Biographical Notices — 
always so pleasing in the Quarterly ; to which we ought 
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Ascham and his Schoolmaster and Geoffrey Chaucer — 

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NOTES : —Memoir of William Oldys, Esq., Norroy-King-at- 
Arms, 81 — Mr. Dycc and I, 85 — Dutch Paper Trade, 86 — 
An Order of Merit and the late Prince Consort, 87 — M. 
Philareto Chasles, lb. 

Minor Notes: — Wrong: Position of the Adverb — Prohi- 
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Polliott, 88. 

QUERIES: — The Emperor Napoleon III. —'Roger As- 
cham's " Scholemaster, Quotations in —Browning's " Ly- 
rics " — Bibliography of Alchemy and Mysticisms — Caro- 
line Princess of Wales at Charlton — Frances De Burgh 
— Guildhall, Westminster — Hebrew Grammatical Ex- 
ercises—Rev. E. Mainsty, or Manisty — The Families of 
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Effigies — Miss Peacock — Presentations at Court — Pro- 
hecy respecting the Crimean War — Routh Family — 
tarch — Turners of Eckington — Xavier and Indian Mis- 
sions, 88. 

Queries with Answers : — Buzaglia — Winkin — Rev. 
John Kettlewell — Mr. Bruce — Lord Chancellor Cowper : 
Appeals of Murder — Norfolk Visitation — Richard de 
Marisco, or Marais — "A Brace of Shakes/ 5 91. 

REPLIES :— Ornamental Tops: the Cotgreave Forgeries 
and Spence's " Romance of Grenealogy," 92 — Neil Douglas, 
lb. — Earthquakes in England, 94 — Daughters of William 
the Lion, 95 — Eastern Costume : Rebekah at the Well — 
Old MS: Pandects — Knaves' Acre — Thomas Craskell — 
Mr. Turbulent — Flight of Wild Geese and Cranes — Topo- 
raphy in Ireland — Foilles de Gletuers — " Retributive 
ustice " — William Oldys : " Bend sinister " — Danby of 
Kirkby Knowle, or New Building , &c, 95, 

Notes on Books. 



(Concluded from p. 64.) 


for nearly five 


His library was the large 

room up one pair of stairs in Norroy's apartments, 
in the west wing of the college, where he chiefly 
resided, and which was furnished with little else 
than books. His notes were written on slips of 
paper, which he afterwards classified and reposited 
in small bags suspended about his room. It was 



this way that he covered several quires 
paper with laborious collections for a complete 
Life of Shakspeare ; and from these notes Isaac 
Reed made several extracts in the Additional 
Anecdotes to Rowe's Life of the Bard. 

Oldys at this time frequently passed his even- 
at the house of John Taylor, the cele- 

Garden *, where he 


brated oculist of H 

always preferred the Preside in the kitchen, that 
he might not be obliged to mingle with the other 
visitors. He was so particular in his habits, that 
he could not smoke his pipe with ease till his 
chair was fixed close to a particular crack in the 
floor. " The shyness of Mr. Oldys' s disposition," 
says John Taylor, jun., " and the simplicity of his 

John Taylor of Hatton Garden was the son of the 
celebrated Chevalier Taylor, and father of John Tavlor 
the author of Monsieur Tonson, and editor of The Sun 


manners, had induced him to decline an introduc- 
tion to my grandfather, the Chevalier Taylor, who 
was always splendid in attire, and had been used 
to the chief societies in every court of Europe ; 
but my grandfather had heard so much of Mr. 
Oldys, that he resolved to be acquainted with 
him, and therefore one evening when Oldys was 
enjoying his philosophical pipe by the kitchen 
fire, the Chevalier invaded his retreat, and with- 
out ceremony addressed him in the Latin lan- 

Oldys, surprised and gratified to find a 
scholar in a fine gentleman, threw off his reserve, 
answered him in the same language, and the col- 
loquy continued for at least two hours ; my father, 
not so good a scholar, only occasionally interpos- 
ing an illustrative remark.'** 

Oldys' s literary labours were now drawing to a 
close, his life having extended to nearly three- 
score years and ten. His last production was the 
Life of Charles Cotton, piscator and poet, pre- 
fixed to Hawkins's edition of Walton's Compleat 
Angler, edit. 1760, which made forty-eight pages. 
It was abridged in the later editions. As we have 
elsewhere, noticed ("K & Q." 2 nJ S. xi. 205), 
Dr. Towers, who compiled the Life of Cotton for 
Kippis's Biog. Britannica, has erroneously attri- 
buted Oldys'sLife of this poet to our musical knight. 


Grose informs us {Olio, p. 139), that 
Oldys's works is a Preface to Izaak Walton's An- 
ling" This Preface was probably no other than 
his "Collections" for a Life of Walton. In his bio- 
graphical sketch of Charles Cotton he reminds Sir 


John Hawkins, that " as Izaak Walton did oblige 
the public with the lives of several eminent men, 
it is much that some little historical monument 
has not, in grateful retaliation, been raised and 
devoted to his memory. The few materials I, 
long since, with much search, gathered up con- 
cerning him, you have seen, and extracted I hope, 
what you found necessary for the purpose I in- 

iv. See also Hawkins's 

tended them." 

' (Page 

Life of Walton in the same volume, p. xlviii.) 

William Oldys died at his apartments in the 
Heralds' Col! 
buried on the 19th of the same month in the 


on April 15, 1761, and was 

north aisle of St- Benet, Paul's Wharf, towards 
the upper end.f His friend, John Taylor of Hat- 
ton Garden, on the 20th of June, 1761, adminis- 
tered as principal creditor, defrayed the funeral 
expenses, and obtained possession of his official 
regalia, books, and valuable manuscripts. The 
original painting of William Oldys, formerly be- 
longing to Mr. Taylor, is now, we believe, in the 

* Records of my Life, i. 27. 

f There is a discrepancy respecting the age of 01dy3 
at the time of his death. On his coffin, as well as in a 
document belonging to the Heralds' College, it is stated 
to be seventy-two, and in the newspapers of that time, 
seventy-four, which would place his birth in 1687 or 1C89 ; 
whereas we have in his own handwriting as the date Julv 
14, 1696. Vide Addit. MS. 4240, p. 14. 




L3 r <i S. I. Feb. 1, »62. 

The E 

__ ._.,„_ _ passed to Mr. B. H. Bright, 

and was sold in the sale of his manuscripts, on 
June 18, 1844. (Hunter's Illustrations of Shaks- 
peare, i. 275.) 
Among other books enriched with notes by Oldys 

England's Parnassu 

It was 


to his bibliographical erudition that the 
name of the compiler of these "Choysest Flowers'* 
became known. Wood, misapprehending the in- 




■. J. H. Burn of Bow Street; an 

it by Balston will be found in 

Magazine for November,"; 1796. 
He is drawn in a full-dress suit and bag-wig, and 
lias the complete air of a venerable patrician. 
The following punning anagram on his own name, 
and made by himself, occurs in one of his manu- 
scripts in the British Museum : 

" In word and Will I am a friend to you, 
And one friend Old is worth a hundred new." 

The printed books found in the library of Oldys, 
some of them copiously annotated, together with 

a portion of his manuscripts, were sold by Thomas - . 

Davies, the bookseller, on April 12, 1762. Mr. £rj 'Sonne ito Sir Thomas Mounson i were signed 

John Taylor, Jan., has given the following^ ac- | J^ n i ?^L : _°^ h l^ 1 S nature R - A - 01d J s has added 

count of the dispersion of some of his manuscripts. 

He says, " Mr. Oldys had engaged to furnish a 

bookseller in the Strand, whose name was Walker, 

with ten years of the life of Shakspeare unknown 

to the biographers and commentators, but he John"\Vee^ 

died, and 'made no sign' of the projected work. J2mo, 1600 (or the year before), yet, 1 think, quoted in 

this work, has the following lines:— 

by Phillips in his Theatrum 
designated Fitz-Geffry as 

compiler ; but Oldys had discovered in 

one or 

two copies that the initials R. A. to the dedica- 

the following note : 

",Mr. Edmund Bolton, in his Hypercritica, mentions 
Rohert Allott and Henry Constable as two good poets in 
his days. So I conclude upon the whole, that the said 
Robert Allott, the poet, was the Collector of this book. 

The bookseller made a demand of twenty guineas 
on my father, alleging that he had advanced that 
sum to Mr. Oldys, who had promised to provide 
the matter in question. My lather paid this sum 
to the bookseller soon after he had attended the 
remains of his departed friend to the grave. The 
manuscripts of Oldys, consisting of a few books 
written in a small hand, and abundantly inter- 
father's possession 

'AdRo: Allot, and Chr: Middleton. 

' Quick are your wits, sharp your conceits, 
[Short and more sweet your lays; 
Quick, but no wit; sharp, no conceit, 
Short and less sweet my praise.' " 



lined, remained long in my 


1738, though tinctured with too much severity, is 
but by desire of DrT Percy' afterwards' Bishop of certainly not unfounded in its general reprehen- 
Dromoie, were submitted to his inspection, I S1()n - He shrewdly and sarcastically concludes 
through the medium of Dr. Monsey, who was i that the book, "bad as it is, suggests one good 
an intimate friend of Dr. Percy. They continued | observation upon the use and advantage of such 
in Dr. Percy's hands some years. Ile'had known j collections, which is, that they may prove more 

successful in preserving the best parts of some 
f | authors, than their works themselves." Mr. War- 
ton, however, considers the extracts as made "with 
a degree of taste:" and Sir S. Egerton Brydges 
Street, Westminster, while he was preparing a as u very curious and valuable." The last men- 

Mr. Oldys in the early part of his life, and spoke 
respectfully of his character. The last volume of 
Oldys' s manuscripts that I ever saw, was at my 
friend the lateMr. William Gilford's house, in James 

new edition of the works of Shirley : and I learned 


from him that it was lent to him by Mr. Ileber. °f our knowledge on these subjects is materially 

My friend Mr. D'Jsraeli is mistaken in altered since the time of Oldys ; who, though his 

saying that on 'the death of Oldys, Dr. Kippis, 
editor of the Bi agraphia Britannica, looked over 
the manuscripts. 1 Jt, was not until near thirty 
years after the death of Oldys, that they were 
submitted to his inspection, and at his recommen- 

bibliographical erudition was very eminent, could 
add, that "most of the authors were now so obso- 
lete, that not knowing what they wrote, we can 
have no recourse to their works, if still extant."* 
Oldys's annotated conv of England's Parnassus 

lation were purchased by the late Mr. Cadell."* ' passed into the hands of Thomas Warton, and 

Oldys was the fortunate possessor of a large subsequently came into the possession of Colonel 

collection of Italian Proverbs, entitled Giardino Stanley, at whose sale in April and May, 1813 

di liecrealione, in manuscript, by John Florio, the . ( lot 3 ?8), it was purchased by Mr. R. Triphook as 

editor of a JJictionarie in Italian' and English, con- nis own speculation for 13/. 135. 

1 he ^ most valuable and curious work left by 
Oldys is an annotated copy of Gerard Langbaine's 

taming commendatory verses prefixed by Matthew 
(iwiniie, Samuel Daniel, and two other friends. 
r Ihis volume afterwards belonged to Sir Isaac 




Records of my Life, pp. 28, 29. For the searching 
inquiries after the missing biographical manuscripts o 
Oldys made by Mr. Isaac D'Israeli, see his Curiosities o 
Lxhraiure, edit. 1823, iii. -170. 

1G91, 8vo. It has already been stated 


3), that 


with his 

* T 

Thomas Park, in the Preface to the reprint of Eng- 
land's Parnassus, 1815. 

3rd s. I. Feb. 1, 'G2.] 


notes had passed into the hands of Mr. Coxeter. 
After Mr. Coxeter's death his books and raanu- 
scripts were purchased by Osborne, and were 
offered for sale in 1748. The book in question, 
No. 10,131 in Osborne's Catalogue for that year, 
was purchased either by Theophilus Cibber, or by 
some bookseller who afterwards put it into his 
hands ; and from the notes of Oldys and Coxeter, 
the principal part of the additional matter fur- 
nished by Cibber (or rather by Shiels) for the 
Lives of the Poets, 5 vols. 12mo. 1753, was unques- 
tionably derived. Mr. Coxeter's manuscripts are 
mentioned in the title-page, to whom, therefore, 
the exclusive credit of the work is assigned, but 
which really belongs as much, if not more, to Oldys. 
Oldys purchased a second Langbaine in 1727, 
and continued to annotate it till the latest period 
of his life. This copy was purchased by Dr. 
Birch, who bequeathed it to Uie British Museum. 
It is not interleaved, but filled with notes written 
in the margins and between the lines in an ex- 
tremely small hand. Birch granted the loan of 
it to Dr. Percy, Bishop of Dromore, who made 
a transcript of the notes into an interleaved copy 
of Langbaine in four vols. 8vo. It was from 
Bishop Percy's copy that Mr. Joseph Haslewood 
annotated his Langbaine. He says, " His Lord- 
ship was so kind as to favour me with the loan of 

this book, with a generous permission to make 
what use of it I might think proper ; and when 
he went to Ireland, he left it with Mr. Nichols, 
for the benefit of the new edition of The Tatler, 
Spectator, and Guardian, with Notes and Illus- 
trations, to which work his Lordship was by his 

other valuable communications a very beneficial 

George Steevens likewise made a transcript of 
Oldys's notes into a copy of Langbaine, which at 
the sale of his library in 1800, was purchased by 
Richardson the bookseller for 91, who resold it to 
Sir S. Egerton Brydges in the same year for four- 
teen guineas. At the sale of the Lee Priory li- 
brary in 1834, it fell into the hands of Thorpe of 
Bedford-street, Covent Garden, from whom the 
late Dr. Bliss purchased it on Feb. 7, 1835, for 
nine guineas. It is now in the British Museum. 

Malone, Isaac Heed, and the Rev. Rogers Rud- 
ing, also made transcripts of Oldys' s notes. The 
Malone transcript is now at Oxford; but Rud- 
ing's has not been traced. In a cutting from one of 
Thorpe's catalogues, preserved by Dr. Bliss, it is 
stated to be in two volumes, the price 51. 5s.; that 
Ruding transcribed them in 1784, and that his 
additions are very numerous. In Heber's Cata- 
logue (Pt. iv. No. 1215) is another copy of Lang- 
baine, with many important additions by Oldys, 
Steevens, and Reed. This was purchased by Rodd 
for 4Z. 4s. In 1845, Edward Vernon Utterson had 
an interleaved Langbaine. What has become of it ? 

It is scarcely possible to take up any work on 

the History of the Stage, or which treats of the 
biographies of Dramatic Writers, without finding 
these curious collectanea of Oldys quoted to illus- 
trate some or other obscure point. "The Biogra- 
graphical Memoirs I have inserted in Censura 
Literaria" remarks Sir S. E. Brydges, " have been 
principally drawn from the minute and intelligent 
inquiries, and indefatigable labours of Oldys, pre- 
served in the interleaved copy of Langbaine. 
Many of them are curious, and though parts have 
already been given to the public in the Biographia 
Dramatica, yet as they are in the originals from 
whence that work borrowed them, it became not 
only amusing but useful to record them in their 
own form and words." 

In the British Museum (Addit. MS. 12,523) is 
a manuscript volume, in Oldys' s hand writing, of 
miscellaneous extracts for a work with the follow- 
ing title : " The Patron ; or a Portraiture of Pa- 
tronage and Dependency, more especially as they 
appear in their Domestick Light and Attitudes. 
A Capital Piece drawn to the Life by the Hands 
of several Eminent Masters in the great School of 
Experience, and addressed to a Gentleman, who 
upon the loss of Friends, was about to settle in a 
great Family/' 

The subjoined catalogue of the books found in 
Oldys's library at the time of his death, cannot 
fail to interest every one curious in bibliography. 

Oldys's Library and Manuscript Works.* 

The collection of books formed by this accurate 
and laborious antiquary, through whose exertions 
English literature and bibliography have been so 
essentially improved, was purchased by Thomas 
Davies, author of The Life of Garrich, and 
offered for sale in " A Catalogue of the Libraries 
of the late William Oldys, Esq. Norroy King-at- 
Arms (author of The Life of Sir Walter Raleigh) ; 
the Rev. Mr. Emms of Yarmouth, and Mr. Wm. 
Rush, which will begin to be sold on Monday, 
April 12 [1762], by Thomas Davies." 

The trifling prices which were asked for some 
books that are now esteemed amongst the scarcest 
in the language, will amuse the bibliomaniac of 
the present day, who, if his wishes tend towards 
the collection of early literature, not so much on 
the score of its rarity as from its utility, will as- 
suredly lament that he did not live at a period 
when his taste and desires could have been so 
readily gratified. 

The charge for that invaluably illustrated copy 
of Langbaine f must astonish those who are ac- 

* From Frv's Biblioaraphical Memoranda^ 4to. Bristol, 
1816, p. 33. 

f Mr. Fry is not correct. The famed annoted Lang- 
baine, purchased of Davies by Dr. Birch for one guinea, is 
the edition of 1691. It would appear, however, from lot 
1511 of the above list, that Oldys had commenced anno- 
tating Gildon's edition of 169?. 




[3 rd S. I. Feb. 1, '62. 

quainted with the large sums which have beenj-e- 
quired for transcripts only of those important 
dditions to our dramatic biography. 

227 Nicolson's Historical Libraries, with a great num- 
ber of MS. additions, references, &c. by the late Wm. 


seum.l „ . , , rc1 

230. Fuller's Worthies of England, with MS. correc- 

tions, &c. by Mr. Oldys. 

m m * % 

A price had originally been 

attached to this article, but is obliterated, apparently by 

the publisher. t _ T .. ... 

2G8. Linschoten's Voyages to the East Indies, with a 

great many cuts, black-letter, 12*. 6d.% 

593. A Collection of scarce and valuable Old Plays, 
most of them in small quarto, amounting in all to above 
4.30, with a written catalogue [no price.] 

705. Virgil, translated into Scottish Meter, by Gawm 
Douglas. Black-letter, Lond. 1553. 5s.§ 

717. Complaints, containing Sundry Poems of the 
World's Vanitv, by Ed. Spenser, the Author's own edi- 
tion, 1591. 25. Gd. 


2449. A Manifest Detection of the most vyle and de- 
testable Use of DicePlav, black-letter, sewed, 1552. ls.Gd. 

*"*"" Is. 


Vaughan's Golden Grove, 1600. 
Wit and Drollery, 1682. Is. 
Stevenson's Norfolk Drollery, 1673.* 




2570. Shakespeare's Poems, 1640. 
2572. Vilvain's Epitome of Essays, 1654. 


Is. 6c?. 



Collop's Poesie Reviv'd, 1656. 

Wit Restor'd, 1658. Is. Gd. 

"Wits' Recreation, 1640. ls.f 

Palingenius's Zodiake of Life, Englished by 

""" 2s. Gd. 

Googe, black-letter, 1565. 

2580. Dunton's Maggots, 1685. Is. Gd. 

2581. The Muses' Recreation, 1656. Is. 

2633. Lingua: or the Combat of the Tongue, 

Is. Gd. 


2634. Lilly's Six Court Comedies, 1632. 2 

%* The last twelve articles are in verse. 

William Oldys* s Manuscripts. 

612. Catalogue of Books and Pamphlets relating to 
the City of London, it%Laws, Customs, Magistrates; its 


719 ' The Book which is called the Bodv of Polycve, Diversions, Public Buildings; its Misfortunes, viz Plagues, 

black-letter, very fair, 1521. 5s. 

720. The Book of Faleonrie and Hawking, with Cuts, 
black-letter, 161 1. The Noble Art of Hunting, with Cuts, 
black-letter, 1611, very fair. 65. 

725. Cooper's Chronicle, black-letter, neat, 15C0. 3s. 

728. Milton's Paradise Lost, in Ten Books, iirst edi- 
tion, v< rv fair, 1669. 

Fires, &c, and of every thing that has happened remark- 
able in London from 1521 to 1759, with some occasional 







Of London Libraries ; with Anecdotes of Collec- 
tors of Books, Remarks on Booksellers, and of the first 


~v* : 

736. Whetstone's English Mirror, 1586. Crowley's 
Answer to Powndes Six Reasons, 1581: black-letter. 

7:iS. G ulart's Admirable 'and Memorable History of 
th", Englished bv Grimeston, 1607. 25. 

832. Fr.emy to Unthryftiness, a perfect Mirrour for 
Magistrates, by Whetstone, and six other Curious Tracts. 
7s. /. 

836. Lavatorus of Ghosts and Spirits walking by 
ught; of straunge Noises, Crackes, &c, black-letter, 
1596. A Thousand Notable Things of Sundry Sortes, by 
Lupton; black-letter, no date, and three others. 6s. 

85:?. Iiy.-rius's Practice of Preaching, translated by 

Ludham, black-letter, 1577. Tragical History of the 

Troubles and Civill Warres of the Low Countries, bh 
letter, 15SI. 4s. 

151 1. Lives and Characters of the English Dramatick 
Poets, by Langbaine and Gildon, with MS. additions by 
Oldvs, I'M. 3s. Gd. 



publishers of Catalogues. 
vol. xi.] 

3614. Epistolse G. Morley ad Jan. Ulitium. 

3615. Catalogue of graved Prints of our most eminent 
countrymen, belonging to Mr. Oldys. 

3616". Orationes habitue in N. C. 1655 : English verses. 





^lt»83. Tiie British Librarian, six numbers in boards, 
t 38. Is. 6.7. 

IO 1. The same, bound. 

* "This copy," says Mr. Fry, "was purchased at the 
sale of George Steevens's library bv the late Mr. Malone, 
in whose collection it still remains'" Mr. Isaac DTsraeli 
states however, that Steovens's copy contained a tran- 
script of Oldys's notes. Ho savs, "The late Mr. Boswell 
showed me a Fuller [ Worthies^ in the Malone collection, 
with Steevens's transcription of Oldvs's notes, which purchased for 43/. at Steevens's sale; but where 
is the original copy? " (Cariosities of Literature, Second 

Series, in. 469, ed. 1823.) In Steevens's Sale Catalogue 
it is thus described: "Lot 1709. Fuller (Thos.) Worthies 
ofLnyJand, a very fine copy in russia, with the portrait 
by Loggan, and Index ; a most extraordinary and match- 
less book, the bite Mr. Steevens having bestowed uncom- 
mon pain* in transcribing every addition to render it 
valuable, written in his peculiarly neat manner, fol. 

Lond. lfiO-V 

t The price was 1/. 11*. Gd. — Bolton Coma/. 
I At the Roxburghe sale it fetched 10/. 15s. 

§ At the Roxburglie sale it fetched 71. 7s. 

>oi7. Memoirs relating to the Family of Oldys. 
British Museum, Addit. MS. 4240.] 

3618. Barcelona: or the Spanish Expedition under 
the Conduct of the Right lion, the Earl of Peterborough ; 
a Poem by Sir. Farquhar, never before published. [This 
seems to have been copied from the printed edition. 

Bolton Comey.'] 

* About this period many books were published with a 
similar title, such as Songs of Love and Droller}', 1654; 
Bristol Drollery, 1656 ; Sportive Wit, or the Lusty Drol- 
lery, 1656; Holborn Drollery, 1672; Grammatical Drol- 
lery, 1682 ; all in verse. — Fry. 

f Fetched at the Roxburglie sale, 4Z. 8s. 

% Gough {British Topog. ed 1780, i. 567) informs 
us, that "he had been favoured by George Steevens, 
Esq., with the use of a thick folio of titles of books 
and pamphlets relative to London, and occasionally to 
Westminster and Middlesex, from 1521 to 1758, collected 
by the late Mr. Oldys ; with many others added, as it 
seems in another hand. Among them are many purely 
historical, and many of too low a character to rank under 
the head of topography or history. The rest, which are 
very numerous, I have inserted marked O, with correc- 
tions, &c, of those I had myself collected. Mr. Steevens 
purchased this MS. of f. Davies, who bought Mr. 
Oldys's library. It had been in the hands of Dr. Berken- 
hout, who had a design of publishing an English Topo- 
grapher, and may possibly have inserted the articles in a 
different hand. ^ol. 5s. is the price in the first leaf. In 
a smaller MS. Mr. Oldys says he had inserted 360 arti- 
cles in the folio, April 12, 1747, and that the late Alder- 
man Billers had a fine collection of tracts, &c, relating to 
London." — " Mr. Oldys's collection of titles for London 
have passed from Mr. Steevens to Sir John Hawkins." 
(lb. i. 761*.) Sir John Hawkins's library was destroyed 
by fire. 


3' d S. I. Feb. 1, '62.] 


3619. The Life of Augustus, digested into fifty-nine 
Schemes, by James Eobey. 

Octavo et infra 

3G20. The Apophthegms of the English Nation, con- 
taining above 500 memorable sayings of noted Persons, 
being a Collection of Extempore'Wit, more copious than 
anv hitherto published. [It was probably founded on a 
MS. collection of earlier date. — Life of Sir Walter Ra- 



3621. Description of all Kinds of Fish. 

3G22. The British Arborist; being a Natural, Philolo- 
gical, Theological, Poetical, Mythological, Medicinal, 
and Mechanical History of Trees, principally native to this 
Island, with some Select Exoticks, &c. Not finished. 

3623. Description of Trees, Plants, &c. [Addit. MS. 

3624. Collection of Poems written above one hundred 
years since. 

3625. Trinarchodia : the several Raignes of Richard 
II., Henry IV., and Henry V. in verse, supposed to be 
written 1G50. [This volume became the property of J. 
P. Andrews : Park describes it, Restituta, iv. 1GG. — Bol- 
ton Corney.'] 

3626. Collection of Poems by Mr. Oldys. 

3627. Mr. Oldys's Diary, containing several Observa- 
tions relating to Books, Characters, u &c. [Printed in 

«N. &Q."2 n *S. vol. xi.] 

3628. Collections of Observations and Notes on various 


3629. Memorandum Book, containing as above. 

3G30. Table of Persons celebrated by the English Poets. 

3631. Catalogue of MSS. written by Lord Clarendon. 

3632. Names of English Writers, and Places of their 
Burial, &c. 

3633. Description of Flowers, Plants, Roots, &c. 
♦3633. Description of all Kinds of Birds. [See Addit. 

MS. 20,725.1 

44 So end, 11 says Mr. Fry, " th 

g minutise 

of this 

curious Catalogue, which I have thought it not 
incurious to record, more especially as Mr. Dibdin, 
whilst noticing the interleaved Lan^baine, in his 
Bibliomania. doe3 not seem to ha^ 


been aware of 
its passing through the hands of the humble friend 
of Dr. Johnson." 

Here we must terminate our notice of this dis- 

tinguished writer 

and indefatigable antiquary 


whose extended life was entirely devoted to lite- 
rary pursuits, and whose copious and characteristic 


accounts of men and books, have endeared hi 
memory to every lover of English literature. If 
Oldys possessed not the erudition of Johnson or 
of Maittaire, he had at least equal patience of in- 
vestigation, soundness of judgment, and accuracy 
of criticism, with the most eminent of his contem- 
poraries. One remarkable trait in his character 
was the entire absence of literary and posthu- 
mous fame, whilst he never begrudged his labour 
or considered his toil unproductive, so long as his 
researches substantiated Truth, or promoted the 
study of the History of Literature, which in other 
words is the history of the mind of man. Hence 
the very sweepings of his library have since been 
industriously collected, and enrich the works of 
Malone, Ritson, Heed, Douce, Brydges, and 


others, and will always serve, as it were, for land- 
marks to those following in his wake* In his own 
peculiar departments of literature — history and 
biography — he has literally exhausted all the 
ordinary sources of information ; and when he 
lacked the opportunity to labour himself, or to fill 
up the circle of his knowledge, he has neverthe- 
less pointed out to his successors new or unex- 
plored mines, whence additional facts may be 
gleaned, and the object of his life — the develop- 
ment of Truth — be secured. 


I may venture, I hope, to set myself right with 

the readers of 




respecting a grave 

charge of most abject printer-worship brought 
against me, and I think rather maliciously, by 
Mr. Dyce. It was done four years ago, but I never 
knew of it till within the last few days, when I 
read for the first time Mr. Dyce's Preface to his 
Shakspeare. In that Preface, after quoting the 
extravagant opinions of Home Tooke and Mr. 
Knisht respecting the merits of the folio of 1623, 
Mr. Dyce proc< 

" The latest champion of the folio, and one determined 
to go all lengths in its defence, is Mr. Keightley; who 
(« N. & Q: 2 nd S. iv. 263,) ' does not despair 5 of seeing 
some future editor print, with the folio, in As You Like 

It, Act II. Sc. 3. : 

From seventy years till now, almost fourscore, 
Here lived I, but now live here no more. 
At seventeen year3 many their fortunes seek, 
But at fourscore it is too late a week.' 


" (Poor Howe! when he altered 'From seventy years' 
to ' From seventeen years,' he fancied that he had made 
an emendation which was fully confirmed by the third 
line of the passage)." 

Now is not the animus here bad, and the ob- 
ject of the writer to hold me up to ridicule? And 
would not anyone, 

literary character, have presumed that I must 

And so in effect 

at all acquainted with my 

have been writing ironically ? 
I was : though I must confess that, in the full 
persuasion that no one could suspect me of sueii 
blind stupidity as I am here charged with, I ex- 
pressed myself very carelessly and very loosely. 

I was — in accordance with an established rule 
of criticism, of which mayhap Mr. Dyce may know 

"When thou 

nothing n 

Night's Dream, Act II. Sc. 1.) 

wast stolen away from fairy-land" — was probably 

the true reading ; and I then proceeded thus : 

" I trust now that some future editor will take wast 
into favour, 'print it and shame the rogues'; fori do 
notf despair of even ' From seventy years till now almost 
fourscore,' in As You Like lt 9 resuming possession of the 
text as 'the sweet sound that breathes upon a bank of 
violets ' has recently done in Twelfth Night.' 9 

Now I was writing ironically ; though, for the 
reason above given, I expressed myself most in- 




[3 rd S. I. Feb. 1, *62. 

adequately ; and my meaning was, that since such 
an absurdity as a sound breathing had been brought 
back into the text, and there was no saying to 
what lengths of absurdity future editors might go, 
a right reading such as wast stood a very fair 
chance of being recalled. That I say was my 
meaning, but expressed most carelessly. 

I can tell Mr. Dyce that, in critical sagacity, I 
consider myself at least his equal ; and I will set 
my Milton ngainst anything he has ever done. 
It is true I am not so well-read as he is in old 
plays, pamphlets, and broadsheets ; but I have 
studied criticism in the writings of the great Ger- 
man commentators on the Scriptures and the 
Classics, and I go to work by rule, not by hap- 
hazard, as our Shaksperian critics in general seem 
to do. As an instance of my sagacity compared 
with Mr. Dvce's, I may refer to the correction of 



w ' '" *'1 Jr" ^** *" 

_ ^. v „_ „ v 7 ^ Of these Mr. Dyce, 

the editor of two editions of Peele's Works t could 
make nothing, and I corrected them — the one 
with certainty, the other with great probability 
the very first time I read the play. I finally say 
to Mr. Dyce : — 

" If there's a hole in a' vcur coats, 

I rede you tent it " : 

for I consider myself now at liberty to expose his 
critical short-comings, which are by no means 


Tiios. Keightley. 


The following is 

from a communication in 
Dutch, kindly drawn up, at my request in 1859, 
by Mr. J. Ilonigh, junr., one of the most eminent 
papermakers at Zaandijh, in North Holland: 

4 * The manufacturing of paper in the seven United 
Provinces was commenced in 1613 bv Martin Orges. a 
fugitive from Prance, his fatherland, for religion's sake. 

" Orges soon found a fit place for establishing his 
manufacture in the streamy commune of Uchelen, near 
Ap*'Moorn, in Guelderland: and there ten paper-mills, 
lor aught we know, are still working, as if in pious con- 
tinuation of the impulse given by him. The first mill 
was, of course, moved by water, and reduced the rags 
with stampers to the requisite pulp. 

" Hut when, in 1072, Louis XIV. for a short time had 
conquen-d the province of Guelderland, many of those 
who, after Orges's example, had erected factories in the 
neighbourhood of Apeldoorn, now betook themselves to 
North Holland, and principally to the so-called Zaan ; 
where, at that period, most of the branches of industry 
flourishing in the Netherlands, the art of paper-making 
included, were exercised. For it should also be kept in 
mind that, as early as 161G, there already existed a 
paper-mill at Westzaan, and posterior to that date many 
were the mills built alongside the river. These, low- 
ever, were all windmills, and only served for the fabrica- 
tion of grey and blue paper: but," after the influx of emi- 
grants from Guelderland in 1G72, first Pieter van der Lev, 
and afterwards Jacob and Adriaan Ilonigh, ail of them 
resident miilers, acceding to the proposal of their home- 
less brethren, also raised white paper factories; and so 


this triumvirate laid the foundation for a new industry, 
which soon reached a high degree of prosperity ; and, by 
its perfection, acquired a European reputation. ^ 

"The paper, which till that period was used in Europe, 
for the most part came from Italy, Genoa being the port 
that shipped the largest quantities, and had the most 
extended trade in that sort of commodity. When, how- 
ever, the Hollanders once had become thoroughly fami- 
liar with the dipper's art, our Dutch article, being of 
greater value and minor price, soon superseded the Italian 
imports; and, ere long, even mounted the distinctive 
water-marks of the several countries dealt with: as, for 
instance, the arms of London or of Venice, the French 
lilies, &c. Yes, I even do not think I say too much, by 
asserting, that the time was when the Low Countries 
provided the whole of Europe with this peculiar ware; 
and that, in commendation of a new book, it was ex- 
pressly stated 'to be printed on Dutch paper.* This cele- 
brity it owed to the good materials resorted to (rags of 
sterling Dutch linen abounding), to their nice sifting, 
and to the cleanliness and solidity of manufacture, which 
allowed the same quality to be permanently delivered. 
But it was principally by the invention of a revolving 
cylinder, instead of the old stampers or hammers, our 
Netherlands article realised that degree of fineness and 
consistence which formed its material boast. And, albeit 
the inventor of this simple and beautiful contrivance is 
to us unknown, so much is certain, that the foreigner 
still honours the man who devised it, by calling it i the 


" The decline of our paper trade dates from the incor- 
poration of Holland with France; and from the contin- 
ental system, instituted by Napoleon. This partly trans- 
ferred our mart to other lands that formerly did either 
not manufacture their own paper, or, till that time, had 
only produced an inferior quality. And so it was that, 
after the peace of 1815, only a portion of the old customers 

those who, between whiles, had not been taught to help 
themselves — returned: whilst those who had, had in the 
interim invented the, till then, unknown vellum-paper. 
The neighbourly nations now also protected their newly- 
raised mills by duties on importation: competition in- 
creased, and ephemeral literature only desired gloss 
without solidity. So, in 1802, the Dutch fabricators also 
began to issue the new commodity, and with good suc- 
cess; but, alas! vellum-paper was only the forerunner of 
mechanical fabrication; and this signed, as it were, the 
death-warrant of most of the hand paper-mills. For the 
new production, by its cheapness, softness, and faded 
whitewash, soon not only superseded the mass of the 
sterling article, but also was used for purposes that, in 
the first place, demanded durability. This even went so 
far, that, some fifteen years ago, our government had to 
decree that, for deeds and the like, no vellum-paper 
might be employed. No wonder that the manufacture of 
the present century — bearing, as it does, the signs of its 
hectic caducity in the whiteness produced by deleterious 
means — is not likely to exist for two centuries and 
longer, to testify, like the old samples of our fabric, to 
the excellence of the materials used. 

" However, as the spirit of the times necessitated, 
mechanical paper- makers were also erected in Guelder- 
land and the Zaan-regions, but only at a loss. Higher 
wages than in foreign lands, coals to be bought from our 
competitors, who had them at prime- cost, engines to be 
ordered from England and Belgium — such were the cir- 
cumstances under which we had to accept the challenge 
given. Most of the oldest firms declined it. Thus the 
mills, that in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries 
had mustered to between thirty and forty, alread}- in 1847 
had diminished at the Zaan to twenty-one, of which 
but two were mechanical fabricators : and now there exist 

3'* S. I. Feb. 1, '62.] 


but thirteen, only one amongst them after the new fashion. 
Of these thirteen, only three manufacture white paper; 
whilst the others, one mechanically, furnish grey and 
blue paper and paste-board. In Guelderland, under this 
reign of cotton, nearly the same state of things exists ; but 
that the mills there are much more circumscribed in ex- 
tension, and produce smaller quantities. With the ex- 
ception of two, they are all driven by water; and so are 
much less expensive in construction and repair than the 
factories at the Zaan, where wind is the motive power, 
and the structure of the flights and corresponding wheels 
costs a great deal in making, and not a little in keeping. 
Add to this, that in Guelderland the water can be used 
which turns the mill ; whilst at the Zaan every factory 
requires an extensive plot of ground, intersected by 
canals; and a costly apparatus to boot, for purifying the 
water from salt and sulphureous matters. It was this 
that occasioned in olden time a rivalrv between the two 


concurrent districts 

being able to furnish, 

: the 

— the one 
especially the minor sorts, at a much cheaper rate 
other executing its orders, and increasing them by the 
greatest solidity and better looks of the article fabri- 
cated. So the finer qualities of the Zaan are still in de- 
mand amongst foreigners, as are the several varieties of 

" In the present time, there does not seem to be a 
further falling off; and there even would be a develop- 
ment in the trade, if the foreign powers did away with 

their protecting duties." 
Zeyst, near Utrecht. 

John H. van Lennep. 



precedes the Sonnets of our dramatist in the au- 
thoritative edition of 1609, entitled 

" Shake-speares sonnets, Neuer before imprinted. At 
London By G. Eld for T. T. [Thomas Thorpe] and are to 
be solde by William Aspley, 1609," 4° 40 leaves, la 
some copies, for William Aspley we have John Wright, 
dwelling at Christ- church gate, 1609. 

The mysterious inscription, which occupies the 
recto of the second leaf, was given by Mr. Steevens 
with commendable exactness in 1766, and is thus 
printed : 




BY . 






T. T 

Few persons will deny that 
Merit" is very much required to reward those 
who have distinguished themselves in science 
and art. 

Might not an Order be instituted to perpetuate 
in a graceful form the imperishable memory of 
him who laboured so long, so zealously and suc- 
cessfully, to revive art in this country ? Would 
not the " Order of the Albert Cross " be a fitting 
and lasting memorial to the zeal and genius of 
the illustrious dead, whose good works will live 
after him for generations yet to come? We have 
already the " Victoria Cross " for deeds done in 
the field ; might we not have the pendant to it, 
for exploits no less worthy in the peaceful paths 

This inscription should be considered with re- 
ference to its peculiarities. A point after each 
word is no punctuation. The bare words must 
therefore decide the sense. It has hitherto passed 
as one inscription. Now, M. Chasles suggests that 
an "Order of the real inscription ends with the word ivisheth, 

of science ? 

J. W. Bryans. 


We owe to M. Philarete Chasles, Conservateur 
de la Bibliotheque Mazarine*, the solution of a 
Shakspere problem which has resisted all the 
efforts of our " homely wits." What was visible 
to every one had been seen by no one ! 

It was formerly a national boast that Samuel 

and that the rest was added by Mr. Thorpe. 

I have described the explanation of M. Chasles 
as a suggestion, but it is almost a demonstration. 
Acting on that conviction, I shall briefly report 
my own inferences, and proceed to justify them by 
admitted facts and probable circumstances. 

I now firmly believe that the begetter of the 
sonnets was the earl of Southampton — that Wil- 
liam Herbert, afterwards earl of Pembroke, wrote 
the real inscription — and that Mr. Thorpe did 

no more than express his wishes for the success of 
the publication. 

In 1593 Shakspere dedicated his Venus and 

Adonis to 


heir of hisjnvention." In 1594 he chose the same 
patron for his Lucrece, and made this declaration : 
" What I have done is yours, what I have to do is 


Did he 




I must 


but here is 

a Frenchman who has routed a whole army of 
English editors, annotators, pamphleteers, etc. 
The discovery relates to the inscription which 

[• See Athenaum of Saturday last. — Ed.] 

either tax him with ingratitude, or assume that 
he wrote the sonnets as the fulfilment of that 
promise. The existence of " his sugred Sonnets 
among his priuate friends " was announced by 
Meres in 1598 — and they may have closely fol- 
lowed Lucrece. At a later date he had other 
cares, and other occupations. 

William Herbert was born at Wilton in 1580, 
and succeeded to the earldom of Pembroke in 
1601. As he had been educated at Oxford, and 
was of a lively turn, we may account for his adop 




I [3'd S. I.;Feb. 1, '62 

tion of the classical form of inscription, of which 
no doubt there were examples at Wilton. If it w« 
written in the life-time of his father, his own 
designation was correct ; and if written about the 
year°1600, there was much reason to conceal the 
name of the earl of Southampton. 

I now come to Mr. Thorpe. How did he ob- 
tain the MS.? There is no evidence on that 


Honble. Henry Lord Folliott, died Sept. 5, 1697,"" 
and as I imagine that the very last place in which 
the record of burial of the daughter of an Irish 
peer would be sought, to be in the register of a 
small and little-known parish in Staffordshire, I 
may be doing a service to the compiler, present or 
future, of the Folliott pedigree, by thus "making 
a note " of what I have " found." 

Sir Henry Folliott was cr. Baron Folliott of 

ooint but the expression JXecer before imprimea i on ^i"; xv^™ ..«» — ~~~ % 

eem to prove that he was aware of the date of Ba lyshannon, in the county of Donegal m 1619, 

.ccmo iu !"«"- . i • i „ 00 ,„, ff(1 lipramp pxt.inot at his death in lo-JO. 

He may have had various 

their composition. 

reasons for avoiding an advertisement. 

One word more. — Thorpe was a humorist, as 

which peerage became extinct at his death in 1630. 

His eldest daughter, Elizabeth, was twice married : 
Une word more— xnurpe w » » — — - ■ by her first husband (Wingfield) she was ances ; 
his dedication of a certain poetical volume to Ed- tress of the noble house of Powerscourt ; and by her 
ward Blount testifies, but his epigraphic humor, ' — ' ' Pft ^^ ftf tW " ^<->— >- R. I. 
and the injudicious punctuation of Malone m suc- 
cessive editions, have led wiser men astray. 


Dame?, S.W. 

Bolton Cokney. 


fHt'nar &ote$. 

The Emperor Napoleon III. — In some of the 

daily papers there have been statements relating 

to the intimacy which existed between the Earl of 

Wrong Position of the Advert;. — May I be j Malmesbury and the Emperor Napoleon III. during 

permitted, Mr. Editor, through your columns, to j t | ie time the latter was an exile in Switzerland; 

raise my feeble voice against a perversion which I j am ] an account of a daring feat is mentioned as 

am sorry to see is rapidly creeping into our Ian- witnessed by Lord Malmesbury, which convinced 

him that the Prince was a man of extraordinary 

boldness and determination. ^ , 

I have heard his Lordship relate this story with 

euaire : 

So long as it was only employed bv 
those classes who inform you that "they ain't 
iroinix, and don't want to," it was not of much 


quence ; but it is now invading the pages of j some slight variation ; but my object in recurring 

some of our best writers, and has even appeared 

in the polished "leaders" of The Times. I allude j persons who were intimate with the Prince Na- 

to it, is to suggest how interesting it would be if 

to the placing of the adverb between the prepo- 
sition and the verb: c. g. u We are anxious to 
entirely get rid of it." Will no influential grain- 

poleon when a sojourner in this country would 
contribute to } r our columns any facts known to 

* % ^J * — 

marian arrest this transatlantic intruder into the 

Queen's English, and banish it from good society j j remember the 

and correct diction, for the term of its natural j ridicule almost by the whole press of this country. 

them, which tend to exhibit the true character of 
the man while sometime resident amongst us. 

time when he was held up to 



Prohibition against eating Flesh in Lent. 

— One of the old "Sessions Books," at Wells, 
abounds with instances such as that which is here 

Yet there were some who then foretold his coming 
greatness, while the multitude charged him with 
folly and rashness. The late W. Brockedon, 

Passes of 


transcribed, which is dated Feb. 1st, 1 Charles I. j the Graphic Society, was well acquainted with the 
The magistrates present at the Sessions were : , Prince's habits, and I recollect his saying at the 
Virtue Hunt, Mayor; John Baker, Esq., He- period when the Prince (amidst much derision) 
corder; and Bartholomew Cox, Justice; when was aspiring 'to become the President of the 
William Myllard, tailor, and J. Gibbons, glover, French Republic, — "Mark my words, that man 
were bound, in the penalty of 10J., as sureties for is not the fool people take him for; he only waits 

who was also bound in a an opportunity to show himself one of the most 

able men in Europe," justifying his prediction by 
relating a discussion he had heard at a public 
meeting, between the Prince and some civil en- 
gineers, respecting a projected railway across the 
Isthmus of Panama, in which the former displayed 
great ability, showing an amount of scientific 
knowledge which amazed every body present; 

Henry Batt, tippler 
similar sum : 

^ " The Condition of the Recognizance is such that yf 
the aboue bounden Henry Iiatt, nither by hymself, or by 
any other by his Com'anriment, nor for his vse or good, 
shall kill, eate, or dresse, or suiter to be killed, eaten, or 
dressed, in his howse in \Yelle3, or in any other place 
w'thin the said Citty or burrow of Welles, any Flesh this 
p'sent tyroe of Lent," or days pTiibite 

this Kecognizance to be voved " 

d by the law. Then _ _ . 

not only stating his case with clearness, but com- 

Ina. bating all objections in a most masterly way. 

The Hon. Rebecca Folliott.— In the register Now it certainly would be worth while to collect, 

of the parish of Trysull, co. Stafford, I find the through the medium of " N. & Q.," some further 

following entry : " Rebecca, daughter of the Right information respecting the habits of this remark- 



*,„w — ~— 

antecedents of the most 

dence in E 




erful sovereign in 

cannot fail to be interesting to many of 


>ur readers. 

Roger Ascham's " Scholem 

(ed. 1570).— I 

Benj. Ferrey. 



reference to the sources of the following pas- 
sages. As I have nearly finished printing a new 
edition of Ascham's treatise, I may be allowed to 
urge the importance of an early reply. 

Fol. 8, verso, ad fin. from Aristot. BheU 2. : " Libertie 
kindleth love: Love refuseth no labor; and labor ob- 

teyneth what so ever it seeketh." 



Fol. 11, recto: "We 

jl vyi. i tj /cutiy • t? v i^iu^iiii;v-i uv/tuiiici o\/ noil vv 111:11 

we be olde, as those thinges which we learned when we 
were yong . . . new wax is best for printyng . . . new 
shorne wool], aptest for sone and surest dying : new fresh 
flesh, for good and durable salting. And this similitude 
is not rude; nor borowed of the larder house, but out of 
his scholehouse, of whom the wisest of England neede not 
be ashamed to learne." 

>rb of Birching lane" ("N. & Q." 



" Soch kind of Paraphrasis, in turning, chopping, and 
changing the best to worse, either in the mynte or scholes 
(though M.Brokke and Quintilian both say the contrary), 
is moch misliked of the best and wisest men." 

Fol. 65, recto : " That good councell of Aristotle, fo- 
quendum ut multi, sapiendum ut pauci" 

John E. B. Mayor. 

St. John's College, Cambridge. 

Browning's "Lyrics." — One of Robert Brown- 
ing's Dramatic Lyrics is called " How they brought 
the Good News from Ghent to Aix." On what 
historical incident is the poem founded ? Exon. 

s Bibliography of Alchemy and Mysticisms. 
What works on this subject exist in Latin, 
English, French, Italian, or Spanish ? Delta. 

Caroline Princess of Wales at Charlton. 

A short time since, whilst looking through some 
papers relating to the unfortunate Princess Caro- 
line of Wales, I found a portion of one sentence 
as follows ; 



House to Charlton, where she was visited by the King." 

Can any of your readers inform me whether 
the Charlton referred to is the village of that 
name near Woolwich ? whether the house occu- 
pied by the princess is standing, and in what 
part of Charlton ? Or, if pulledT down, where is 

its site ? 

Frances De Burgh. 

D. S 

Will any reader of "N. 
& Q." kindly inform me who was the mother of 
Frances De Burgh, daughter of Thomas De 
Burgh, sixth Baron ; and sister of llobert De 



I think, a shield azure, three fleurs-de-lys, er- 
mines ? This Frances De Burgh married Francis, 
second son of Thomas CoDDinsrer of Stoke, co. 



Pisa, in Tuscany. 

Guildhall, Westminst 

Gleanings from WestminsU 

that the old Guildhall stood at the west side "of 


Geonre Street 

Mr. Scott, in his 






was transferred to the walls of the present 
Sessions House-" Where is this old painting ? It 
is not in the Sessions House now ; nor has it been 
seen there by those who have known the building 
for the last thirty years. 

According to Widmore (p. 11), the present 
Sessions House was built in 1805, on the site of 
the old belfry tower. I was told many years ago, 
by an old inhabitant of Westminster, that in dig- 
ging the foundation for the present structure, a 
subterraneous passage was discovered, apparently 
leading to the Abbey ; but so choked up, as not to 
be traced to any distance. Was any notice of 
this taken in the magazines or newspapers of the 
time, or is such a passage known to exist ? 


Colney Hatch. 

Hebrew Grammatical Exercises. — Is there 
any Hebrew grammar, written in German or 
English containing exercises for translating into 
Hebrew, besides those of Grafenham, Wolfe, and 
Hurwitz ? Many of the leading grammarians — as 
Gesenius, ISTordheimer, Ewald, &c. — appear to 
rest satisfied with an analysis of the language, 
and omit all exercises which are certainly neces- 
sary to imprint rules upon the memory of 

A Student. 

Rev. E. Mainsty, or Manisty, a divine of the 
Church of England, in the time of the Great 
Rebellion ; and, by his own account, author of a 
sermon on Canticles ii. 1, 2; and also of an un- 
published Commentary on the whole Song of 

Year's c;ift) 


1648. The MS. of the last mentioned formerly 
belonged to the collection of Dr. A. Clarke. Who 
was Mainsty ; or where may information concern- 

ing him be found? 

W. K. 

The Families of Mathews and Gough. 
In Philip Henry's Day-Book, now in my posses- 
sion, there is a pedigree of his wife's family, 

Mathews of Broad Oak, given in the handwriting 
of his son Mathew Henry. It consists of nineteen 
generations ; beginning with Bleddyn ap Kinwyn, 
Meredith, Madock, Enion, Rhyn, &c, &c. ; and 
comes down to another "Madock" (28th of 
Henry VI.), who is said to have married " Mar- 
garet, daughter and heir to Mathew Gough, Esq., 






[3'd S. I. Feb. 1, '62. 

a great Captain in France." I should be glad of 
any information about this M. Gough, whose Sfrms 
were : u Az. three boars ar., pass, in pale." 

The arms of the Mathews are not given with 
their pedigree, nor have I found them quartered 
upon any of the Henry or Warburton monu- 
ments. Can any of your readers inform me 
whether the names above given are of historical 
note in Wales ? Whether the " Mathews " family 
in South Wales trace up to the same ancestors ? 
And what their arms are ? Mw. H. Lee. 


Medallic Query. 

I have before me a medal 
on which is pictured a lion, stretched across a 
sheaf of wheat, with his eyes open, but in a posi- 
tion of rest which might be mistaken for sleep ; 
and behind him is a cock, about to peck the grain 
from the ears of wheat ; and above them this 
legend : 


On the reverse : 


" Xe'or ia thv hunger think 
This sheaf of corn to rifle; 
The fatal wish might bring 1 
A claw thy breath to stifle." 

And round the outer rim : 



" Here lies no sheep, 


Trust not the sleep." 

Can you inform me when the medal was cast, 
and what political event it was intended to mark ? 

Edward Melton. 

Melton, near Urough, East Yorkshire. 

Monumental Effigies. — At the eastern end of 
the north aisle of Bristol cathedral is a mural mo- 
nument in memory 

of Robert Codrington 


Anna his wife, of the county of Gloucester, date 
1G18. Beneath the effigies of the parents are 
those of their seventeen children. Seven sons are 
represented kneeling, and one lying down, with 
clasped hands like his brothers. Eight daughters, 
two side by side, are also represented kneeling, and 
one appears lying down, closely swathed. All the 
figures have their faces in profile except the four 

younger daughters, and the youngest (kneeling 
son. ' v " - 1 •*•■•-- - ° 


I am desirous to know 

this friend of Campbell the poet was.^ I have a 
letter addressed by Campbell to her, in which he 
styles her his "dear old friend," and where he 
alludes twice to my father. On this account I am 
doubly anxious to know something about the lady. 
There is no date to the letter, but it was written 
at Sydenham. Its date must be prior to 1812, 
the year my father died. Thomas 



Presentations at Court. — Is there a 


ter of presentations at Court kept, and does it 

include the reign of George I. ? 


Prophecy respecting the Crimean War, 

A remarkable prophecy of the Crimean war is 
said to be contained in Quaresmius* Elucidatio 
Terra Canitce — the discovery of which raised 
the price of the book at the time of the war. If 
any reader of "1ST. & Q." can refer me to it, I 
shall be very much obliged. G. 

Routii Family. — Can anyone supply the few 
missing links in the connexion between the Wens- 
leydale Rouths and the East Riding family of that 
name {circa 1600) ? R. O. J. 

Starch. — Are there any publications which 
make any reference or allusion in any way to 
" starch " at any period from the reign of Eliza- 
beth to Charles II. ? From the portraits of that 
period, it is evident that starch was largely 
used. If there are any such books, where could 


I shall be obliged 

they be found ? 

Turners of Eckington. 

by information about a large family named Tur- 
ner, who lived, as late probably as 1680, either at 
Eckington, co. Derbv, or in that immediate vici- 

nity. My inquiries are chiefly directed at present 
to their antecedents and direct posterity, as well 
as to the crest and arms which they bore ; but 
any particulars, or clue which may tend to throw 
light upon the family, will be acceptable. 

R. W. T. V. 


1. Are there 

any MSS. extant relating to Xavier's missionary 
travels in India? If so, where are they? 

v ^ Mv iVi ^ wlll „ ~- Which books in Latin, French, Portuguese, 

Of the two daughters kneeling side by side or English, give the best accounts of his labours, 

and supposed tube twins, one holds a skull. Does 
tl»is mark that her death preceded that of her 
parents? AVhy are some of the faces in profile 
and others turned towards the spectator? Does 
want of space alone cause the youngest son to be 

represented lying down ? 

"N. cSc Q 

A correspondent of 

and of other Jesuit missions in India? 

3. I wish if possible to obtain a complete list of 
all books relating to Indian missions, especially 



accounts of the earlier 

S. x. 218, has explained the j &<*., &c. 


endeavours, in connexion with the Syrian, the 
Danish, Baptist, American, or Wesleyan Churches, 

swathed figure to represent a child who died in 
infancy, but information on the other points would 
be acceptable. Denkmal. 

While I particularly wish the names of works 
regarding the earlier missions, I would also like to 
be made aware of the names of any good books on 

3 rd S. I. Feb. 1, '62.] 


Indian missions, which may have been published 

on the Continent or in America? 

Jno. Paton, Presbyterian Chaplain, 

72nd Highlanders. 

Mhow, Bombay, 17th Dec. 1861. 


Buzaglia. — Extract from Great Yarmouth As- 
sembly Book, 15th Oct. 1784 : 

11 Ordered that the old dismounted cannon belonging 
to the Corporation be sold by the Chamberlains, and that 
a Buzaglia for the Toll-house Hall, not exceeding the ex- 
pence of twenty pounds, be bought. 

Query. What is a buzaglia? A. W. M. 

Great Yarmouth. 

[Buzaglia is doubtless a species of ordnance, which in 
ancient times was called falcon or falconet, and is perhaps 
an Italianized form of the French word Busaigle, or Bust 
pattue. If so, this would suggest that the word Harque- 
buse, with its terminal buse, may possibly have some 
affinity. It will be observed, that the old dismounted 
cannon was sold to pay for the Buzaglia.] 

Winkin. — To run like winkin, a south country 
phrase, denoting speed. Who was Winkin ? 

D. M. Stevens. 

G. Reichard at Heidelberg, and published at Mannheim 
by Schwan and Goetz, and in London by Black and Arm- 
strong, 8vo, 1837), is John Wyndham Bruce, Esq , bar- 
rister- at- law, son of John Bruce- Pryce, Esq. of Duffrvn, 
co. Glamorgan. The work is dedicated to his father. ]~ 

Lord Chancellor Cowper : Appeals or Mur- 
der. — In Wilkins's Political Ballads of the 17th 
and 18th Centuries (1860), vol. ii. p. 91, is the 
following note : 

" Wm. (afterwards Lord Chancellor) Cowper, brother 
to Spencer Cowper, who was honourably acquitted of the 
charge of having murdered a beautiful and opulent 
quakeress named Sarah Stout, to whom he paid his ad- 
dresses. The future Chancellor greatly distinguished 
himself in defending his brother in the 4 appeal of mur- 
der ' sued out, subsequently to his trial, by the heir-at- 
law of the unfortunate quakeress." 

Where can I find a report of the above trial, 
or rather trials, for I suppose there were two of 

them ? 

W. D. 

[A report of this celebrated trial is printed in Burke's 
Patrician, iv. 299—318, 8vo, edit. 1847 ; and in the State 
Trials, ed. 1812, vol. xiii. 1190 — 1250. An attempt was 
made for a new trial by the process called " An Appeal 
of Murder," a mode of proceeding abolished in the reign 
of George IV. Vide Lord Raymond, 5G0 ; 12 Mod. 372.] 

Norfolk Visitation. 

Has the Heralds' Vi- 

sitation of Norfolk in 1664 been printed ? Where 
can the original be seen ? 

[The original is in the College of Arms, MS. D. 20. It 


[ Winkin is probably winking ; and "like winkin " is a 
phrase applicable to anything that is done with great 

expedition, or, as we say, "in the twinkling of an eye." does not appear to have been printed.] 
So in French, C'est l'affaire d'un din d'teil ; and in Ita- 
lian, In un batter d? occhio. For the country phrase " to 

run like winkin," the London variation is "to cut like 

Rev. John Kettlewell. 



Can any of your 
correspondents favour me with any information 
as to the date of death, where buried, &c., of Jane, 
relict of the Rev. John Kettlewell, A.M., vicar of 
Coles Hill from 1682 to 1691, and daughter of 
Anthony Lybb, Esq., of Hardwick, in the parish 
of Whitchurch, co. Oxford? Her husband died 
in London on the 20th April, 1695, aged forty- 
two, and was buried in the church of Allhallows 
Barking, near the Tower, where she caused a 
monument to be erected to his memory. 

C. J. D. Ingledew. 

[The bequests of this saintly divine to North Allerton 
and Brompton (available after the death of his wife) 
came into the hands of trustees in 1720, so that Mrs. 

Richard de Marisco, or Marais. — Can you 
inform me what were the arms of Richard de 
Marais, or Marisco, Bishop of Durham, anno 1217 
to 1226 ? And whether the English surname 
Marsh is the present Anglicised form of Marais ? 

El Uyte 

Capetown, South Africa, 
Dec. 21st, 18G1. 

[The arms of Richard de Marisco are — A., on a cros3 
engrailed S. a mitre O., in the first quarter a cross patee 
iitchy G. (MS. Iiawlinson, 128.) Barry of six pieces, a 
bend. (MS. Brit. Mus. Addit. 12,443.) On his seal is, 
by way of rebu^ — Barry wavy of four, in chief four 
osiers. (Surtees's Durham.} Vide Bedford's Blazon of 
Episcopacy, 1858, p. 123. In ancient Latin deeds the 
Marsh family is styled De Marisco; and, according to 
Mr. Lower, JIarais, or Maresq, has its counterpart in 
English sur -nomenclature in the name of Marsh.] 

" A Brace of Shakes." — Some Surrey people 
I once knew, when speaking of anything that 

82^T^£^^£&^. a &^ could bo executed in a shon time, 'occasional!* 

(Reports of the Commissioners of Charities, viii. 700, A.D. 
1823.) In the British Magazine for Oct. 1832, vol. ii. p. 
132, it is stated that "the first distribution of the pro- 
ceeds bears date in 1719." Who was Anne Kettlewell 

made use of the expression that " It would be 
done in a brace of shakes." Hearing a Kentish 
person use the same phrase, I am induced to ask 

buried at North Allerton Jan. 29, 1716? May there not whether it admits of explanation. It is, perhaps, 

De an error SOmewhprft rPQnPPtino- tlin Phrictian nor»^ Q 5l I . «■ «.i .1 r ,, rn i i • / 

Mr. Bruce. 


Can you give me any informa- j twos." 

connected with another, " To be done in two 

tion regarding Mr. Bruce, who published in 1837 | [ 

F. P. 


was it dedicated, and where was it printed ? 

To whom 


[The translator of Schiller's Don Karlos (printed by 

a variation of the more usual phrase "in a shake," i. c. 
with great rapidity. The allusion is probably to the dice- 
box (•' shaking the elbows "). For instance, if the player 
lost 100/. by a single throw, "It was done in a shake; 19 

f shah 






[3** S. I. Feb. 1, '62. 




(3 rd S. i. 8, 54.) 

That the Editor of 






service to the lovers of genuine genealogy by 
exposing to, and cautioning them against, be- 
lief in the quackery and impudence of the Cot- 
greave or Spence fabrication?, there can be no 
doubt ; and believing them to have been car- 
ried to an extent that can hardly be credited, I 
beg to assist in the suggestion of S. T. in your 
number of January 4th, by sending for record 
some instances wherein the modest Mr. Spence, 
bv the aid of the signatures of his amiable rela- 
lives Harriet and Ellen Cotgreave, have for the 
trilling sum of five pounds, or sometimes 1 
furnished ancestors of undoubted celebrity to those 
whose pedigree he thought wanted " Ornamental 
Tops/ 1 when commencing only with an apparently 
degenerated progenitory. In all or most cases 
their heroes ilourished at Boroughbridge, Cressy, 
Poictiers, or Agincourt : a sum so totally insigni- 
ficant fur the aeauirement of so much ancient and 


valiant blood, that few could resist such a " Top- 
ping." There were, however, some persons who 
discovered the fraud, and repudiated the offer. 

That such descents should have imposed upon 
editors of works pretending to any authority is, 


lowever, surprising, for they are mostly on the 
bee of them palpably fictitious. A pedigree, it is 
said, that has once taken root in a printed book 
must b> true, — at all events most people who read 
them believe, and that i 

"ood ground for caution 

ablins t implicit, or indeed any, reliance upon Mr. 


I. The descent of William Huntley, living temp. 
1 liichard I. (who married Alice Cotgreave) from 
Sir Huidi de Iluntlye, Seneschal to Hugh de 
Lacy, Constable of Chester, under the hand and 
seal of Harriet Cotgreace, and witnessed by W. 
S. Sprnee, 2.Jnl March, 18-12. 

2. Descent of Ellis 

T ...., 

[sabtd Cotgreave), showing 

renerne ( 


a descent from 

iliigh Treherne of Lettynx.ur, temp. Edward III"., 
on lor the hand and seal of Harriet Cotereave* 13 
Oct. 1842. 

.'J. The descent of Samuel Long of Xetterhaven, 
•Vilts, signed Harriet Cofgrcace°27 April, 1846.' 

A • 

A descent of Gay e, '. . . . 1840. 

o. The descent of Lea of Kidderminster, ex- 
tract from a pedigree of (iamull of Mottinmon, 

signed Ellen Cotgreave; witness W. S. Spence, 7 
Sept. 1841). l ' 

G. Tho dcsfonf r\P f'.-rtco n rr'i m t <-, . 

l'he descent of Cross of Charlin^es and Sut- 
ton signed Ellen Cotgreace, William S. 
July, 1841). F j 


(3 rd S. i. 18.) 


Pending the opportunity of consulting his refer- 
ences, and consequently at the risk of communi- 
cating what may be already well known regard- 

my subject, I willingly comply with C.'s 


request by throwing together a few loose mems. 


noted in such of Lis books as have fallen into my 

Douglas would appear to have been a wavering- 
Nonconformist, but a sincere Christian and mo- 
ralist ; whether he ever belonged to the Estab- 
lished Kirk I know not, but, as 

°n author, he 


first comes before the public in the character of a 
minister of the Relief Church : 

1. " Sermons on important Subjects, with some Essays 
in Poetry. Bv N. 1)., Min. of the Gospel at Cupar, in 
Fyfe. (A small 8vo, of 508 pages.) Edin. : Caw. 1789." 

In this work Douglas figures in the double 
character of theologian and poet, His " Essays/*" 
in the latter line, occupy 89 pages of the work, 
under the heads : " Versions and Paraphrases of 
some of the Psalms," and " Poems on various Oc- 
casions." The first, although sufficiently interest- 
ing to have entitled him to a niche in Holland's 
Psalmists of Britain, escaped that gentleman's 
researches ; and there are, among the second, 
some ultra-loyal effusions which might at a sub- 
sequent period have shielded their author from 


the suspicion of disaffection to the reigning family. 
I next trace Douglas as the author of an anony- 
mous work of remarkable character, entitled : 

2. " A Monitorv Address to Great Britain ; a Poem in. 
G Parts. To which is added Britain's Remembrancer.* 
" Heav'n- daring sins unerring tokens yield, 
That mercv soon will cease a land to shield: 
For these abounding rouse Almighty ire, 
And waste a realm as with consuming fire, 
'Tis God incens'd that Empires does overthrow, 
To his just wrath these their destruction owe. 

Edin.: Guthrec, 1792." 

This goodly octavo of 481 pages is addressed 
" To the King " by " Britannicus " ; and is a call 
upon his Majesty to abrogate the somewhat in- 
congruous Anti-christian practices of the slave- 
trade, duelling, and church patronage ; also to put 
in force his own proclamation against vice, which 
is here reprinted : together with a Preface, the 

burden of which is a general remonstrance against 
the degeneracy of the times. The Monitory Ad~ 
dress itself occupies 207 pages, and touches upon 
an infinity of matters, regarding which we have 

* This is a reproduction of Jas. Burgh's Britain's Re- 
membra?icer, or the Danger not over, suggested by the 
Rebellion of '45. It was" reprinted at the period in Scot- 
land, by Boston & Willison, as the work of an unknown 

author, and Douglas erroneously assigns it to President 

3"»S. I. Fkb. V62.] 


as a nation provoked the wrath of God. Among 
these, drunkenness, swearing, and debauchery- 
stand foremost, and, in this earnest work of our 
honest modern Wither, obtain no quarter. His 
powerful lines, and no less pertinent notes, indeed 
reflect the reverend author in the light of an ad- 
vanced social reformer, and an amiable enthu- 
siast in his impatience for the arrival of that 
happy millennial state of moral perfection still 
in abeyance. The next work of Douglas's is 
startling : 

3. " The Lady's Scull ; a Poem. And a few other 
Select Pieces. By N. D., Min. of the Gospel at Dundee. 
12mo. Dundee, 1794." 

This is a poetical exercitation upon the text 
" The place of sculls," &c. — and is but an exten- 
tion of a shorter poem under the same title in 
No. 2. In this, as in all Douglas's books, there 
is much introductory matter ; and I owe the dis- 
covery that the Monitory Address was a work of 
his, to finding it claimed in the Preface to this 
little book; where also are some reflections upon 
the ingratitude of the world, painfully suggestive 
of books falling still-born from the press, and 
pecuniary and laborious endeavours to benefit 
mankind ending in disappointment ! From this 
time I do not meet Douglas again in my own col- 
lection, until 1799 ; but in the interim I find he 
published : 

4. " Lavinia; a Poem founded upon the Book of Ruth, 
&c. With a Memoir of a Worthy Christian lately dec. 
Edin.: Sold bv the A., Castle Hill." 

5. " Britain's Guilt, Danger, and Duty. Sermons. 



The African Slave Trade, with an 


Frontispiece, &c. ; and Moses' Song paraphrased ; or the 
Triumph of the rescued Captives over their incorrigible 


" Thoughts on Modern Politics. Consisting of a 
Poem upon the Slave Trade," &c. 

8. " Journal of a Mission to part of the Highlands of 
Scotland in 1797. Bv Appointment of the Relief Synod, 
&c. By N. D. Sm. 8vo, pp. 189. Edin. 1799." 

Church ; but his next publication, known to me, 
exhibits him in his last phase of a " Preacher of 

Restoration" : 

10. " King David's Psalms (in Common Use), with 
Notes, Critical and Explanatory. Dedicated to Messiah. 
Sm. 8vo, pp. 638. Glasgow: Prin. and Sold bv N. 
Douglas, the Author, No. 161, Stockwell Street, 1810." 

" To Immanuel, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords, his 
unworthy but much obliged Servant in the Gospel, hum- 
bly presents, as in Duty and Gratitude bound, this 
Work; undertaken with a Single Eye to his Glory, and 
for the defence and illustration of his Truth; now finished 
through the kindness of his Providence in believing hope 
of his acceptance, Divine Patronage, and Blessing." 

" To God, Author of the Book of Psalms, and all other 
Books of Sacred Writ, be honour and glory. Amen." 

This work contains a portrait of Douglas, not 
in clerical costume, and certainly not of a pre- 
possessing character. The Psalms are, as stated, 
the common metrical version of the kirk, with 
Douglas's headings; in which, like Watts and 
John Barclay, he sets aside the literal for a sense 
applicable to the Christian dispensation. The 
extent of the work sufficiently indicates the bulk 
of the t " critical and explanatory notes," which 
accompany the text. A companion book is 

11. " Translations and Paraphrases in Verse. With 
an Improvement now to each. (The Kirk Hymns simi- 
larly treated.) Sm. 8vo, pp. 132. Glas. 1815." 

12. " The Analogy; a Toem (of MO). 4-line Stanza." 
[This, purporting to be by N. D., will be found in A Col- 
lection of Hymns for the Universalists, Glas. 1824.3 

With this concludes my catalogue of the liter- 
ary labours of Neil Douglas. If any correspon- 
dent can add to it, I shall be glad. 

In 1817 Douglas, when preaching his Restora- 
tion views, in Glasgow, fell into the hands of the 
law; and was, on the 17th May, arraigned before 
the High Court of Justiciary, Edin., upon an in- 
dictment charging him, the said N. D. (called a 
Universalist Preacher), with sedition : in drawing 

This is a very interesting account of a mission- a parallel between Geo. III. and Nebuchadnezzar ; 
ary incursion into the wilds of Argylesliire, in a the Prince Regent and Belshazzar: and further, 
series of letters, highly characteristic and amusing with representing the House of Commons as a 
in its relation of the Relief Minister's difficulties den of thieves and robbers. A verdict of acquit- 
tal was pronounced, and the poor old man left 

with the 



cateran on 



hand, and the jealous clergy on the other. My | the Court]!loyally declaring, that he had a high 
copy of this is appropriately bound up with a regard for his Majesty and the Royal Family, 


a sense of his religious deficiencies, by Messrs. 

and prayed that every Briton might have the 
same. Douglas went prepared for the worst ; and 

Halden, Aikman, and Rate, the previous years, — ; there was published, after the trial : 
the two presenting a fair picture of Celtic re- 

ligion and manners at the period. My bibliogra- 
phical history of Neil Douglas is now a blank 
until 1811, when there was published : 

9. " The Royal Penitent; or true Penitence exemplified 
in David King of Israel. A Poem in 2 Parts. By N. D., 
Min. of the Word of God. 8vo, pp. 52. Greenock, 1811." 

Want of biographical material prevents me 
saying when Douglas seceded from the Relief 

" An Address to the Judges and Jury on a Case of 
alleged Sedition, on 20 May, 1817, which was intended to 
be delivered before passing Sentence." 

An interesting paper, which I have seen too late 
to make use of in this note, already too extended. 

A. G. 

N.B. The published Repoffc of the Trial con- 
tains a curious caricature-looking sketcli of 

Douglas as he stood at the bar, with Dan. v. 17 




[3'd S. I. Fkb. 1, »62. 

23, below, being the text which brought him 
into this trouble. 


(2- d S. xii. 397 ; 3 rd S. i. 15.) 

An interesting notice of an earthquake in Eng- 
land, in 1692, occurs in the Autobiography of Sir 
John I3rantsto?i ) printed by the Camden Society in 
1845. It may be necessary to premise, before 
giving the extract, that the narrator and his fa- 
mily were residing in Greek Street,; Soho, at the 
time of the shock : 

44 On the 8th of September, 1C92, about 2 of the clock 

or rather oscillated. It was a most extraordinary thing 
to see; it was momentary; I do not remember feeling 
alarmed at all. Some people went out of church; some 
said there was a rumbling noise, as if a waggon were 
passing by. In some houses the bells rang, and the clocks 

were stopped. At Mrs. F 's the cook was making pies 

or puddings, and the flour was all laid in regular little 
heaps on the dresser before her, to her great amazement. 
It was rather remarkable that it did not seem to be felt 

anywhere else in England. 


F. C. B. 

I was at Xewstead Abbey at the same time with 
A. A., and remarked with regret the dilapidated 
and neglected state of Boatswain's monument. 
Knowing how religiously the late Col. Wildman 

v/ii mucin ui oi'jjieiiiuui, j.'j«/-, auuui ^ ui iuu ^iuv-iv -■■ *• ~"o " ° . J . — . • — 

in the afternoone, in London and the suburbs there was preserved even the simplest memorials of his ii- 

plainly felt a tremblinge and shakeing of the houses, the 
chaires and stooles hitting togeather ; many persons 
taken with giddiness. I myselfe was not sensible of it, 
nor did my daughter, nor Colonel John Bramston/who 
were at that time sitting with me at mv table: nor, in- 
deed, did any of the servants perceave it. It lasted about 
2 minutes, as all our neighbours sayd; such as were 
above stayers were most sensible of it, in all the parts of 
the citie. It was felt in Essex, Kent, Sussex, Hamp- 
sheire, he. at the same time, and had the same continu- 
ance. The letters say it was also felt at the same time 
in Flanders and Holland; where else, we heare not yet. become a ruin, when it might have been removed 
It did no hurt, God be blessed, save only afFrightinge 
many persons; and, indeed, it beinge so lately after the 
account come from Jamaica of the horrible and destruc- 
tive earthquake there, people had great reason to be ap- 
prehensive of the effects of this. I doe not heare any 

lustrious predecessor and schoolfellow, I inquired 
the reason of the ruin-like appearance of the mo- 
nument, and was told nothing about an earth- 
quake, but that the colonel allowed it to decay, 
because Lord Byron had, with very bad taste, 
buried his dog and raised his tomb on the site of 
the old altar. Even an earthquake would have 
appeared more reasonable to me, than the folly 
and shame of allowing so interesting an object to 

perticular hath authentickly been set out of that yet, and 
I pray God England ma}' never experience the effects of 
earthquakes, tho' I look not on them as judgments from 
God, but as proceeding from naturall causes." 

I should be glad to be referred to any contem- 
porary account of the phenomenon here mentioned. 

Edward F. Rimbault. 

and preserved on a spot more appropriate. 

I also remember the fissures in the walls of the 
abbey, and did hear something of an earthquake 
in connection with them. It strikes me also that 
I can recollect some fissures in A. A.'s neighbour- 

hood (Poets 1 Corner). Will he, as an expert in 
his profession, ascribe them to an earthquake, or 
to age and delayed repair ? S. T. 

Smart shocks of an earthquake were felt in 
Manchester on Sunday, Sept. 4, 1777. For an ac- 
count of them, see Hibbert's Public Foundations 
of Manchester, ii. 160, and also Aston's Metrical 
Records of Manchester, 19, 8vo, 1822. 


Hie narrative of the earthquake at The Birches, 
alluded to by Mr. Allport, bears the following- 
title : — ° 

"A Dreadful Phenomenon Described and Improved. 
IJeinj; a particular Account of the sudden Stoppage of the 
luver Severn, and of the terrible Desolation that hap- 
pencil at the liirchea between Coalbrook-Dale and Build- 
was Hn.ljjo m Shropshire, on Thursday Morning, May 
i^, <«J. And the substance of a Sermon preached the 
next day on the Ruins to a vast Concourse of Spectators. 
By John I le tcher, V car of Madeley, ike" Sin! 8vo. pp. 

KH ; Slirewsburv, l< <3. 

The descriptive part occupies 33 pnjres ; and if 
A. A. or any other correspondent, investigating 

such matters would like to peruse it, I shall vvil- vol. vii. fol. 209, Lomas, London, 1807, and also 
ingy place my copy with the Editor, if he will j in his Works, published by Allman, 1833, vol. ii. 

The account of the earthquake which oc- 
curred \ at the Birches between Buildwas and 
Madeley, on the 27th of May, 1773, mentioned 
by Mr. Allport as being contained in a small 
volume by the Rev. J. Fletcher (the title of which 
Mr. A. has forgotten), must be the same as that 
which occurs (with the sermon preached on the 
occasion), in the Works of the Rev. J. Fletcher, 
vol. vii. fol. 209, Lomas, London, 1807, and also 

take the trouble to communicate it. 

J. O. 

In reference to this subject I copy a letter from 


a friend : 

•tavTn j£S, hq mr e l l$ l * Xottin - h ™ was on a Sun- 

ear lu T r <' We r re in St ' Mar - V ' s Church to 
hear the Ass.ze Sermon. The whole church shook, or 

fol. 347. 

J. Booth. 

The disturbance which your correspondent 
describes as having taken place near Newcastle 

on the 15th 


an earthquake, but what is popularly called " a 

3' c S. I. Feb. I, '62.] 




creep ; * i. e. a subsiding or slipping in of the 
ground, in consequence of the coal having been 
worked under it. In some colliery districts these 
disturbances are of frequent occurrence, and often 

lead to litigation. 



(2 nd S. xii. 357, 424.) 

I believe there is no doubt that the two eldest 
daughters of William the Lion were Margaret and 
Isabella. In June, 1220 (4 Hen. IN.), a treaty 
was made between Henry King of England and 
Alexander II. King of Scotland (the son and suc- 
cessor of William) by which it was agreed that 
Henry should provide marriages in England for 
these two sisters of the Scottish King. In proof 
of this I adduce the following extract from the 
Calendarium Rotulorum Patentium : 

u Patent, tie anno quarto Regis Henrici TertiL 

" Compositio inter 

Resrem et Alexandrum 


viz, quod Rex daret ei in Maritagium Joh' pri- 

mogenitam sororem suam, vel Isabellam sororem suam 
juniorem, ac quod Rex maritaret Margaret' et IsabtW 
sorores ipsius liegis Scotia? infra Regnum Angliae ad ho- 
norem suam. Act' apud Eboracum 15° : Junii coram," etc. 

Margaret, the eldest of the two' sisters, was 
married to Hubert de Burgh, afterwards created 

not know on what au- 

Earl of Kent. 

I do 

thority Hermentrude represents the marriage as 
not having taken place till 1225. Matthew Paris, 
as quoted by Dugdale {Baronage, vol. i. p. 694), 
sets it down to the year 1221 (5 Hen. III.). 

In 1225 Isabella was married to Roger Bigod, 
as appears from the following extract from the 
Calendarium : 

" Patent, de anno nono Regis Henrici TertiL A. pars 2 d . 

"Rogerus lilius et Haares H. Comitis Bigod duxit Isa- 
bellam sororem Alexandri Regis Scotia3." ( 

Some time afterwards Alexander contended, 
that during the life-time of William the Lion 
there had been a treaty between him and King 
John, by which it was agreed that the two prin- 
cesses should be married, the one to Prince Henry 
(afterwards Henry III.) and the other to his bro- 
ther Richard. If in point of fact there ever was 
any such treaty, at all events after the composi- 

tion made in 1220 (4 


been deemed to have been waived. But however 
this may have been, it would appear that there 
was at one time a convention between Henry III. 
and Alexander II., by which Henry engaged to 
marry one of Alexander's sisters. This' sister is 
by some authorities spoken of under the name of 
Margaret, by others under the name of Margery. 
The latter I suppose to be correct, and if so we 
arrive at a third sister, the one whom Hermen- 
trude calls, apparently with some hesitation, 
Margery or Marian. All that relates to this 
third sister is exceedingly obscure. But I hope 

that some of your learned correspondents north of 
the Tweed may be able to give some clue to her 

The statement is probably correct, that all the 


or, at all events, without issue living in 1290. For 
any descendant of theirs, whether male or female, 
would, on the death of Margaret of Norway, have 
been undoubted heir to the crown of Scotland, in 
preference alike' to Baliol and Bruce. 

I must however observe, that, according to 
Dugdale (Baronage, vol. i. p. 700), there were 
descendants of Margaret, Countess of Kent, long 
after the disputed succession. But this is also a 
very obscure point and requires investigation. 

Isabella, who married Robert de Roos, was an 
illegitimate daughter. It was the great-grandson 
of this Isabella, and not (as Mr. Dixon supposes) 
her grandson, that was one of the competitors for 
the crown of Scotland. 

Margaret, who married Eustace de Vesci, was 

Her grandson 
William de Vesci was also one of the competitors. 


another illegitimate daughter. 


Eastern Costume : Rebekah at the Well. 



vember brought me an answer from your corre- 
spondent W. L. R. just as I was leaving home to 
proceed hither ; and I have had much pleasure in 
communicating with him personally. At the 
same time it is proper that I should say a few 

T\ T 

& Q." for the general information 

of your readers. 

My wife and I arrived here yesterday, " at the 
time of the evening, even the time when women 
go out to draw water,'* and we met a number of 

"damsels" with their "pitchers" so employed. 

This morning we have been to the " well of 

water, 1 ' which is (as I anticipated) " without the 

city" on the way from Damascus, through which 

city Eliezer would naturally have passed on his 
way from the Land of Canaan. 

The weather forced us to return to Damascus 
this afternoon, so that we have no time to note 
the particulars of the costume of the females. 
But we intend returning in a few days, when we 
trust the weather will allow my wife to take pho- 
tographs of the place and its inhabitants. Mean- 
while, I may remark, that we did not see any of 
the females, old or young, with veils. 

Harran, in Padan Aram, 
21st Dec. 1861. 

Charles Beke. 

Old MS. : Pandects (2 nd S. xii. 418.) 


your correspondent, who so kindly replied to my 
Query, be good enough to give me more full par- 
ticulars with regard to the Pandects, either through 
your columns or by sending a note for me to your 

office. Chessborough Harberton. 






[3 r <* S. I. Feb. 1, 'C2 

Knaves' Acre (2 nd S. xii. 191, 273, 445; 3 



_ y -Stukeley says, " VV hen the Komans De- 
came masters here, they built a temple of their 
own form to Diana, where now St. Paul's stands ; 
they placed it in the open space then the forum : 
but the British temple appropriate to the city, was 
upon the open rising ground to the ivest, where 

is only on the three first volumes. Can any of 
your readers inform me where a review of the 
whole work, published in 7 vols., is to be found ; 
and who was " Mr. Fairly," who plays such a con- 
spicuous part in Mad. D'A.'s Diary of her court 

life ? 

E. B. R, 

Flight of Wild Geese and Cranes (2 



now is Knaves* Acre." (Itin. Curios , cent II. x ii. 500.) — The countrywoman's belief, that the 

" The Brill, 


) This was written in' Octo- j fljo-ht of flocks of wild geese is " always in the 

ber, 1758. Now in the St. James s Chronicle of 
May 23, 17G1, is the following announcement: 

form of letters or figures," shows how tenacious 
of life are all popular superstitions. The ancients 


The projected exhibition of the Brokers and Sign- had the idea respecting the flight of wild geese 

Painters of Knaves' Acre, Harp Alley, &c, is only post- 
poned, till a room spacious enough can be provided, as 
the collection will be very numerous." 

Harp Alley, formerly called Harper Alley, lead- 
ing from Farringdon Street to Shoe Lane, stands 
not only icest of St. Paul's, but on rising ground, 

equally with that of cranes — which it closely re- 
sembles — as appears from Plutarch, iElian, Cicero, 

and others. Of the latter birds, Jerome says : 
" unam sequuntur, ordine literato " (JSpist. 4, ad 
Rust. 3Ionac.) ; and Aldrovandus, who has col- 
lected {Ornithology remarks to the same effect 

and appears to be the site alluded to by Stukeley. from many writers, assures us that Palamedes, in 
It is within a stone's throw of the printing office the time of the Trojan war, is said to have in- 


Q . . 

respondents take flight, and wing their way " fron 
Indus to the Pole." In davs of yore, according to 
Stukeley, the Roman temple stood on the eastern 
bank, and the British temple on the western 
bank of the River of Wells. Before the Act 
of Parliament passed for removing the signs 
and other obstructions in the streets of London, 

vented several letters of the alphabet from ob- 
servations of their flight. Martial alludes to this 
in Xeniis (Grues, lxxv.) : 

" Turbabis versus, nee litera tota volabit, 
Unam perdideris si Palamedis avem." J 

Cassiodorus, as GafFarel remarks (Cur 


and roundly 

aim oiuer oDscrucuons in cue tirec* 01 a.oauo ., assertg tlufc Mer devised all the letters in 

there was a market ,n Harp Alley for signs ready imitation of the fi „ ureg formed by flocks / ?) of 

prepared. (Edwards's Anecdotes of Painting, 4to, 
1808, p. 118.) There was another Harp Alley in 

Little Kniiiht-llider Street, Doctors' Commons 

(New Hcmarhs of 


imitation of the figures formed by flocks (?) 
these birds. These figures appear to depend on 
the force and direction of the wind, and most 
frequently correspond with the Greek letters y 
and A ; sometimes, however, these birds form a 

OT t i i • t r«* i i » ailu A ? sometimes, iiowever, tuese unus lurm u. 

one m ohoe Lane best agrees witu Stukeley s ac- h lf ; , and at oth when attacked by birds 

count. .1 Y vfuvv.r.T. i ' „ ™^ ■*- r i 

J, Yeowell. 


of prey, a perfect circle. We may, I take it, 
safely conclude with the old writer that the let- 

TnoMAs Craskell (2 nd S. x. 449.) 

[We arc indebted to the courtesy of the Cornwall Chro- \ ters, which cranes and wild geese "make in their 
nick, publirdied at Monte.^o Bay, Jamaica, Doc. 13, 18GI, flying show us only the diversity of the winds, or 

else tiie manner of ordering themselves in battle. 


xii. 474.) 


or the 1'. allowing rcplv to a Query in "X.&Q." of Dec. 8, 

To the Editor of the Cornwall Chronicle. 


Kingston, Jamaica, Dec, 1st, 1861. 

As I perceive by your impression of this 
morning, that information is sought concerning 
the late Thomas Craskull, i beg to state that my 
wife Susan Lucas is n daughter of Thomas Cras- 
kell the son, from whom much information might 
be obtained, that is unlikely will be given by any 





iuI C? 

the King's and Queen's Counties in the reign of 


other person. 

I am, Sir, yours obediently, 

22, Harbour Street and Matthew Lane. 

Augustus Lucas. 

Mk. Turbulent (3 rJ S. i. 



r<v i' lu l rbulents real designation was Rev. Charles 
Oitiardier, he was French reader to the Queen and Prin- 
cesses. His name correctly written was we believe, De 
GuiiTardiere. He had a prebendal) stall at Salisbury, and 
was \ icar of Newington and Rector of Berkhampstead." 

Philip and Mary. 

" Co. Uriel]," rede Oriel, is the County Louth. 
Kilmacrenan wher O'Donnel is made," is the 
name of a place in the co. Donegal, in which 
O'Donnell was made or inaugurated king of his 

Your correspondent, Mr. C. Harbeeton, is re- 
quested to give some particulars about his curious 

Herbert Hore. 

Is it in MS., or engraved ? 

Conservative Club. 

Foilles de Gl 






Letters in the Quarterly, No. exxxix. Thi 

s review 

is difficult to speak positively without seeing the 
context, and without knowing in what dialect the 
words occur; but I should think that "leaves of 
sword-grass " would probably be the right trans- 

3' d S. I. Feb. 1, '62.] 






Retributive Ju 

(2 nd S. xii. 379.) 

Mr. James Crossley is in error in stating Mr. 
Joseph Aston to have been editor of the Rochdale 
Pilot, which paper is of recent date. The paper 
edited by Mr. Aston was entitled the Rochdale 



unable to esta- 


(January, 1827, to March, 1828) 


William Oldys : " Bend sinister 




S. i. 

Allowing the illegitimacy of Oldys, is the 

writer of the interesting article upon him correct 
in saying that " there can be little doubt that the 
bend sinister ought properly to have figured in 
the arms of the future Norroy" ? I believe the 
baston, or baton, which is the fourth part of the 
bend running from the sinister chief to the dexter 
base, was alone borne as the mark of illegitimacy. 


Danby of Kirkby Knowle, or New Building 

blish his claim to the property, though one would 
have imagined he might have traced back in the 
parish registers for two hundred years. I should 
much like to hear the history of his claim ; and, 
also, who were the executors of the late Mrs. 
Dalton of New Building ; if Eboracum could 
oblige me with the information ? 

A Yorkshireman. 

Newtons of Whitby (2 nd S. xii. 237, 352, 444; 
3 rd S. i. 17.) — Where Sir David Brewster was 


was the styling Sir Richard Ne 


by R. R.'s own showing, he was a Knight. " The 
last baronet of the family," with which Sir Isaac 
was connected, was, as I stated in my former note 
on this subject, Sir Michael Nezvton ) 4th and last 
Bart, of Barr's Court, co. Gloucester, who was 
K.B. and chief mourner at Sir Isaac's funeral. 
There is some ground for assuming a kindred be- 

(2 nd S. xii. 290, 404.) — Eboracum 



added, that New Building (not Buildings), near 
Thirsk, is a most curious old house, well worthy 
the attention of archaeologists ; containing a re- 

puted subterranean passage, a newel staircase, 
and a very interesting and perfect specimen of a 
secret chamber or hiding place. Whether the 
present owner permits visitors to see it, I cannot 
say. It is, I believe, let as a farm ; but its anti- 

tween this family and the philosopher, but I can- 
not see how he could have been connected with 
the East Lothian New tons, of which the Sir 
Richard, mentioned by R. R., was the last male 

Sir Godfrey Kneller' s Autograph (2 

S. T. 



) — It is a well-known fact that many 
autograph letters of celebrated characters have 


the last few years, and I 

believe this system has been further carried out 
quity and peculiarities, and the magnificent view in autograph signatures on the title-pages and 

from it, make it well worth a visit. 


As I take the monthly parts, and not the weekly 
numbers of "N. & Q. f " and have besides been for 
some time from home, I have not till recentlv 
seen the obliging communications of K. P. D. E. 

and Eboracum. With the information contained 
in the letter of the former I was already ac- 
quainted, except the statement that the Danby 
pedigree went back to two generations before the 
Conquest : the pedigrees in Burke's Commoners I your 

fly-leaves of old books, deeds, &c. In some cases 
the deception has been limited to the alteration 
of certain letters, the insertion of commas, &c. 

The autograph signature mentioned by Dr. 
Nelligan — "Godfrey Kneller, Nuckle. His 
Book, May 4th, 1720," is assuredly that of God- 
frey Kneller Huckle, the nephew and godson ot 


the celebrated painter. The comma 


cunningly inserted 

reasons, and the H in Huckle (unl 

after Kneller, for obvious 

and Whittaker's Richmondshire taking it to but 
one generation. Would K. P. D. E. kindly in- 
form me as to the generation before " John, Lord 
of Great and Little Danby," &c. ? 

My best acknowledgments are due to Ebo- 
racum for giving me the connecting link between 

t) altered into iV, for some 

reason not quite so apparent. The will of Sir 
Godfrey Kneller was proved Dec. 6, 1723. He 
bequeathed to his wife 5001. a-year, his house and 
furniture at Whitton and Great Queen Street, 
and other property, during her widowhood ; and 
after her decease to his godson Godfrey Kneller 
Huckle, with an injunction to take the name and 

know, has never been printed. But, I presume, 
Eboracum' s Robfert Danby may have been the 
father of the Thomas with whom it commences. 
Grainge calls the Danby, who bought New Build- 
ing, James ; and states that he came from York. 
Probably Edmund Danby, who also had a house 
at Kirby Knowle, was another brother ; and from 

the Danbys of Leake and those of Kirby Knowle. 

The Leake pedigree of 1665 goes no further back arms of Kneller, which he did by act of parlia- 
than the preceding Visitation ; which, so far as I ment in 1731. Many of Sir Godfrey's letters, in- 

eluding several to his nenhew, passed into my 
hands some years since. They contain valuable 
matter as to the state of the art at the period 
when they were written, and it is my intention to 
print them, with other documents relative to the 
Knellers, when I obtain the permission of the 
present representative of the family. Huckle was 

this latter I have a strong conviction the poor somewhat of a book-collector. I have his auto- 




[3 r <* S. I. Feb. 1, '62. 

graph on the fly-leaf of more than one volume in 
my library. Edward F. Ro 


Cathedral (2 



It is hard to understand what guide-book your 
correspondent Nanfant can have consulted on 
this subject without finding information. I have 
looked at three, and they all refer to it. The 
Modern Traveller, quoting Wood's Letters of an 
Architect, gives the number of statues outside the 
cathedral of Milan at 4400. Forster's Reise- 
handbuch fur Italien, the best guide-book for Italy 
that I know, says that the number of such statues 
has been stated at 4500. Murray's Handbook to 
North Italy states, probably with more exactness, 
that 4500 will be required to fill all the niches 
and pedestals, and that of these only 3000 are as 
vet fixed. 

which renders it highly improbable that he could 
have had any dealings with the London bibliopole, 
or that he had any literary friend in the south 
who would take upon himself the responsibility of 
launching his then obscure muse upon the critics 
of the metropolis. J. O. 

The English Language (2 nd S. xii. 347, 422.) 
The language in which books are written in 

JL . Ii. b. 

Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (3 rd S. i. 30.) — The 
words quoted by Abhba are written on a slip of 
paper inserted between the leaves of the volume. 
They are signed E. II., and are not in the hand- 
writing of Dr. Barrett. It is very desirable that 

our days is so essentially different from what it 
was a century ago, that it is difficult to enter into 
the views of Lord Mansfield with respect to Hume 
and Robertson. In the progress of the change 
that has taken place, the language of Hume and 
Robertson has been absorbed into the general 
style of our literature, and we are not aware of 
the peculiarities which distinguish it from the lan- 

But I 
think that on a careful examination, it will be 
found that our earlier writers use a style ap- 
proaching more nearly to spoken language- I do 
not mean merely the language of conversation, 

guage of more purely English writers. 

but language such as the author would use if he 

4 i % " t . o i' \t o r\ »i • l lit had to express himself by word or mouth, lhis 

the correspondents of '• JN. & Q. should be ex- , i ln .•; .. t . T t . , 

.. », i;„ .i . f„ r~ „ 4. 4. • 4-1 ■ i i.- language would necessarily vary with the subject, 

ceedingly cautious net to increase the circulation . .° ° xl . J . ,, J • r * i 

of incorrect statements, or to ask unnecessary 
questions, when the sources of accurate informa- 
tion are so easily accessible. If Abhba had only 
looked into the index of so well-known a publica- 
tion as Bosweli's Life of Johnson (London, 1833), 
under the head of "Dublin University," he would, 
by the words "grant a diploma to Johnson," be 
referred to vol. ii. p. 2SS, and found there that 
the degree was conferred in 1765, and that his 

letter of acknowledgment is there inserted at full 


rising — as the occasion might require — from al- 
most a mere colloquial style to something ap- 
proaching more or less nearly to the rhetorical. 
Look at Raleigh, Barrow, Bolingbroke, and com- 
pare them with Hume and Robertson. In the 
three English writers you find the outpouring of 

the soul of the man. 



c A\ievs. 

*• ^4 * - ■ * 

IIkattik's Poems ( 



i:i describing his 


Mr. Gibb, 

Robertson, we are always conscious that the au- 
thor is writing a book. This may, perhaps, be in 

part attributable to the 

cause assigned 

by D 


own copy of Beattie, 17G0, h_ 
given a correct one of mine of 17G1 ; indeed since 
mooting the question in «N. & Q." I have had an 
opportunity of carefully comparing the editions, 
Land. 17G0, and Aberd. 1761, and am now per- 
fectly satisfied that they are one and the same, 
with, in the case of the latter, a new title. 

I have, however, carried my inquiry a little 
farther, and would now unhesitatingly pronounce 
the London imprint of 1760 false ; and my con- 
viction, founded upon comparing it with" other 

press, that the book 
was in reality printed by Francis Douglas, and 

, . - - arrive at this 

conclusion by applying Mr. Ginns test of the 
clumsy b, and find it runs through the Aberdeen 
hooks, and that the ornaments in the so-called 
J.ondon edition are found in the Whole Dntu of 
Man, republished by Douglas in 1759. 
Moreover, Beattie 

Carlyle, that to the Scottish writers English was, 
to a certain extent, an acquired language. But it 
is a melancholy thing to look at the current lite- 
rature of the day, and to see how completely a 
mere written style, — the like of which no human 

being ever spoke, — has superseded the natural 
spoken style of our language. People attribute 
the tameness of modern writing to the want of 
Anglo-Saxon words. No accumulation of Anglo- 
Saxon words will ever give life to a purely con- 
ventional structure of language. What is worst 
of all, this canker has begun to eat into the very 

works from the Aberdeen 

was in reality printed by iitUJU; 

not by And. Miller, London. 1 

core even of our spoken language. I could name 

the statesmen of the day more than one 


••„, , - , - was > if l mistake not, but 

little known beyond his own locality in 1760 

whose style of eloquence is to speak like a book. 
One great reason of this is, that instead of aiming 
to produce an effect upon the minds of those whom 
they are supposed to be addressing, the object 
upon which their energies are really bent, is to 
elaborate a string of sentences for the purpose of 
being readily taken down in short-hand, so as to 
turn out well in the columns of the next day's 
newspapers. This is a more pernicious habit even 
than that of reading a written oration. 


3^ S. I. Feb. 1, '62.] 



Chaucer's " Tabard" Inn and Fire of South- 
wark (2 nd S. xii. 325, 373.) — There seems to be 
some doubfc as to the destruction of this cele- 

brated hostelrj' by the great fire of 1 676. It may 
have perished in a conflagration that occurred nine 
years earlier, and to which a reference is made in 
the following extract from a private letter of the 
date July 27, 1667: 

"I suppose you may have heard by this time of that 
dreadfull and desperate fire in the borough of Southwarke 
not farre from the Spurr Inn; wherein divers persons 
were burnt and spoyled, about 40 familyes disteaded of 
their habitations, and some that now have beene twice 
burnt out of their houses quite undone, that had a con- 
siderable meanes of a livelyhood before: there are evi- 
dences enough of its being set on fire, but whither the 
chiefe actors bee taken or no, or what wilbee the effect 
wee cannot say " 

How was the " Spurr " Inn situated in relation 



that which 

to the " Tabard 

" ? 

W. S. 

Heraldic (2 nd S. xii. 10. 138 ; 3 rd S. i. 38.) 
May not the arms first mentioned by W. S., viz. 
" az., 3 covered cups or,' 1 be those of Argenton, 
an extinct Dorsetshire family, and probably a 
branch of the old baronial family of Argentine, of 
Horseheath, co. Cambridge, whose arms, however, 


appear to have been "gules, 3 covered cups arg 
The heiress of the Dorset branch married into the 
family of Williams of Herringstone, who quarter 
the arms of Argenton ; and a rhyming epitaph on 

one of the family (Mary, wife of Lewis Argenton, 

considers to have been u a sitting or 
posture," Mons. Lartet speaks of it as 4 
is well known to have been adopted in many of 
the sepulchres of primitive times;" and in a note 
at the same page (58) 

" This attitude of the body, bent upon itself, has been 
noticed in most of the primordial sepultures of the north 
and centre of Europe, and it has been also observed in 
the foundations of Babylon. Diodorus Siculus informs 
us that it was practised by the Troglodytes, a pastoral 
people of Ethiopia, In more recent times it is seen in 
use among various peoples in America, and some of the 
South Sea Islands." 

In an account of the Ancient Lake Habitations 
of Switzerland by Mr. J. Lubbock, F.R.S., in the 
same number of the Natural History Review, the 
writer says (p. 41) : 

" In tombs of the Stone Age, the corpse appears to 
have been almost always, if not always, buried in a sit- 
ting posture, with the knees brought up under the chin, 
and the hands crossed over the breast. This attitude 
occurs also in many Asiatic, African, and American 

For the prevalence of the same custom in Den- 
mark, Mr. Lubbock refers to Worsaac's Antiqui- 



and relict oil Robert Thornhull), on a brass plate 
in the east wall of the chancel of Woolland Church, 

thority of Mr. Bateman's recently published Ten 
Years" Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Gravehills, 
that "the same position was, to say the least of it, 
very common in early British tombs." 

So much in reply to Exul's Query as to the 
prevalence of the custom. The arguments of M. 

Dorset, is given at length in Hutchins's History of j Lartet in the paper alluded to above, both archse- 


Henry W. S. Taylor. 

Heraldic (3 nd S. i. 30.) — The arms referred 
to by Hermentrude are no doubt those of Ro- 
bertson (of Membland Hall, Devon), impaling 
Atkinson. {Vide Burke's Landed Gentry, vol. ii. 
1127), and should be described as follows: 
" Gules, 3 wolves' heads erased, arg., armed and 
langued az.," for Robertson ; impaling " Gules an 
eagle displayed with 2 heads arg. (perhaps, or) on 
a chief of the last 3 estoiles of the 1st, for Atkinson. 
Crest. "A dexter arm and hand erect, holding a 

oiogicai and palrcontological, if sound, carry it 
back to a very remote period of antiquity. Its 
object may have been, as he suggests, to u realise, 
according to some archaeologists, the symbolic 
thought of restoring to the eartl 


our common 

mother — the body of the man who had ceased to 
live, in the same posture that it had before his 

birth, in the bosom of his individual mother." 

regal crown all 





Motto. " Virtutis Gloria 
Henry W. S. Taylor. 

Mr. Lubbock also (p. 41) informs us, on 
the authority of M. Troy on, Stir les Habitations 
Lacustres, that the same custom prevailed among 
the Brazilian aborigines, quoting from a work by 


Burial in a sitting Posture (2 nd S. ix. 44, 
513 ; x. 159, 396 ; 3 rd S. i. 38.) — In the Natural 


lowing words, which seem to point to the same 


" Quand done leurs parents sont raorts, ils les conrbent 

History lieview for January, 1862, pp. 53-71, is a , ^ , a T ieurs parents sont mon ?> lls les comlje , nt 

> J . .. ~. , , J \ T " ' * * ; ' '. l dansun bloc et monceau, tout ainsi que es 

very interesting article by M. Lartet on the (lis- ' ' 

covery of human and other remains in a cavern 
on^the mountain Fajoles, near Aurignac (Haute 
Garonne). The main object of the writer is to 
throw some light on the question of the co-exist- 
ence of Man with the great Fossil Mammals; but 
in describing the interior of the cavern, and the 
probable position in which the bodies had been 

enfants sont au ventre de la mere puis ainsi enveloppc's, 
lies et garrottes de corde, ils les mettent dans une grande 
vase de terre." 


Tarnished Silver Coins (3 



Dirty silver may be cleaned without polishing if, 
by soaking it in a saturated solution of carbonate 


deposited (they had been removed before he | which, if thick, will take several days, and then 




[3 rd S. I. Feb. 1, '62 

^ently washing it with soap and a soft flannel in 
warm water. 8. M. O. 

Take two ounces of whiting, one ounce of bi- 
carbonate of potassa, and half a pint of distilled 
water; place these materials together with the 
coins into a copper saucepan, then boil them for 
half an hour ; now take out one of the coins, and 
clean away the superfluous whiting, &c, with a 
hare's foot. If this example proves satisfactory, 
the whole of the coins are "done," but if not, give 
them another half hour in the boiling menstruum. 
It is important to use a hare's foot in prefer- 
ence to any other frictional. 

G. W. Septimus Piesse. 



to this posthumous work of the late amiable and accom- 
plished author of the Lives of the Bishops of Exeter. 


The Book of Days. A Miscellany of Popular Antiqui- 
ties in Connection with the Calendar. Part I. (W. & R. 


What Hone so happily conceived, and so well carried 

out, is here attempted in a more enlarged and compre- 
hensive form. If we say that the work equals its prede- 
cessor^ interest, we do it no more than justice; and we 
can scarcely say less, seeing how freely its editor, in its 
compilation, has availed himself of the pages of Notes 
and Queries. 

Medals of the British Army, and How they were Won. 
By Thomas Carter, Parts XIII. and XIV. (Groom- 
bridge & Sons.) 

In this new section of Mr. Carter's interesting work,, 
he furnishes us with the history of the Indian War 
Medals. " The Indian Mutiny Medal," and " The Seringa- 
patam Medal," 171)9, form the subject of the present 

We regret to announce the death, on Monday last, of 
Assays, Ethnological and Linguistic. By the late James a courteous gentleman and most accomplished scholar, to 

whom the readers of "N. & Q." have been frequently 
indebted— the Rev. Edward Craven Hawtrey, D.D., 
Provost of Eton. 

Kennedy, Esq., LL.B., formerly Her Majesty's Britannic 
Ju.l.^e at the Ilavannah. Edited by C. M. Kennedy, B.A. 
(Williams & Xorgate.) 

The Essays contained in this volume, so creditable to 
tin: learning and ingenuity of the late Mr. Kennedy, were 
intended to form an introductorv volume to two large 
works, the one on the origin and character of the Basque 
Language and People, the other relative to the know- 
ledge of America possessed bv the Ancients. Thev are 
eight in number, and we shall best do justice to the au- 
thor by briefly enumerating the subjects of them. They 
are, I. On the Ancient Languages of France and Spain. 
II. On the Ethnologv and Civilisation of the Ancient 
:»ritons. III. Suggestions respecting the Nationality and 
I/imxu'ige of the Ancient Etruscans. IV. Ethnological 
Notices of the Philippine Islands. V. & VI. On the pro- 
b.tble Origin of the American Indians, especially the 
Maya*, the Caribs, the Arrawaks, and the Mosquitos. 

VII. Hints on the formation of a new Kn^lish Dictionary. 

VIII. On the supposed Lost Tribes of Israel. Two 
Supplementary Notes respecting the Basques, and Traces 
of Phoenician Civilisation in Central America, conclude 
the work. 

Books Received : 

Australia; its Rise, Progress, and Present Condition. 
By William Westgarth, Esq. With Map. (Adam & 
C. Biack.) 

A very useful little volume, consisting of the articles 
4i Australasia" and "Australia" from the Encyclopaedia 
Britunnicrt, revised and re-written, so as to bring down 
to the present time every possible information respecting 
this important part of (air empire. ° 

The Historical Finger-Post; or, Hand- Books of Terms, 
Phrases, Epithets, Cognomens, &•(?. By Edward Shelton. 
(Loci; wood & Co.) 

One of those useful manuals of condensed information 
which have of late years been called for by the increas- 
ing number of readers, who are unable to search out for 

themselves the knowledge which such books so readily 

The History of the Citrj of Exeter. By the Rev. George 
Oliver, D.D. With a short Memoir of the Author, and an 

Appendix of Documents and Illustrations. (Roberts • Exe- 

We desire to call the attention of our Devonian friends 

second year. 

Dr. Hawtrey was in his seventy- 
The obituary of the present week also con- 
tains the name of the venerable author of An Introduction 
to the Critical Study of the Holy Scriptures, and many 

other important works — the Rev. Thomas Hartwell 
Horne ; who died on the 27th instant, in the eighty- 
second year of his age. 

A proposition from Mr. Riley, the editor of the Liber 
Alius, for the arrangement of the Records of the City of 
London, and the publication of the more important 
Documents, is now under the consideration of the munici- 
pal authoritie 




Particulars of Price, &c, of the following Books to be sent direct to 
the gentleman l>y whom they are required, and whose name and ad- 
dress are given for that purpose: — 

Syriac and Arabic Scriptures and Lexicons. 

Wanted by Eilw. A. Tillett, Carrow Abbey, Norwich. 

Static** ta CflmtfpontftttW. 

Our Forfjcn Correspondents. In the few words which we addressed 
to our Headers on the '4 th January \ at the commencement of our Third 
Series, westatdthat fc " correspondence now readies us from all parts of 
the world." The present number confirms this statement in a vera strik- 
ing manner* for in it will he found communications of interest from 
Xe>tst,iti Holland; Pisa, in Tuscany; JIhow, Bombay ; from Capetown* 
South. Africa : Jlarran, in Padan Aram; and from Mont ego Bay, 


G. W, M. will find the line — 

" Fortuna non mil tat genus," 

in Horace, Ode iv. lib. iv. 

vn.pp. 330,301. 
F. FiTz-TIr niiy. We have a letter for this correspondent. Where can 

ice forward it ? 

W. I. S. II. The lines on " Woman s Will " occur on the pillar 
erected on the Mount in the Dane- John Field, Cant erbium. See "2T.& 
Q." IstS. iii. 285. 

g "Not 

ias tied 

Six Mo w w ._ 

yearly Index) is Us. 4c/., which may "be jpaidby 

favour o/Messrs. Bell and Daldy, 186, Fleet Bv»»»x, « 

all Communications for the Editor should be addressed. 








3** S. I. Feb. 1, '62. ] 






Founded A.D. 1842. 


H. E. Bicknell, Esq. 1 E. Lucas, Esq. 

T. S. Cocks, Esq. F. B. M arson. Esq. 

G. H. Drew, Esq. M.A. J. L. Sealer, Esq. 

W. Freeman, Esq. J. B. White, Esq. 

J. II. Goodhart, Esq. | 

Physician W. R. Basham, M.D. 

Bankers Messrs. Biddulph, Cocks, A Co. 

Actuary Arthur Scratehley, M.A. 


POLICIES effected in this Office do not become void through tem- 
porary difficulty in paying a Premium, as permission is given upon 
application to suspend* the payment at interest, according to the con- 
ditions detailed in the Prospectus. 

LOANS from 100J. to 500Z. granted on real or first-rate Personal 

Attention is also invited to the rates of annuity granted to old lives , 
for which ample security is provided by the capital of the Society. 

Example: 100Z. cash paid down purchases —An annuity of — 

£ s. d, 

9 15 10 to a male life aged 60} 

65 1 Payable as long 

11 7 4 
13 18 8 
18 6 

70 f 

75 J 

as he is alive. 

Now ready, 420 pages, 145 


on SAVINGS BANKS, containing a Review of their Past History and 
Present Condition, and of Legislation on the Subject; together with 
much Legal, Statistical, and Financial Information, for the use of 
Trustees, Managers, and Actuaries. 






The Hon. FRANCIS SCOTT, Chairman. 

CHARLES BERWICK CURTIS, Esq., Deputy Chairman. 


(Resident). | F. C. M AITLAND, Esq. 







This Company offers the security of a lar^re paid-up capital, held in 
shares by a numerous and wealthy proprietary, thus protecting the 
assured from the risk attending: mutual offices. 

There have been three divisions of profits, the bonuses averaging 
nearly 2 per cent, per annum on the sums assured from the commence- 
ment of the Company. 

Sum Assured. Bonuses added. Payable at Death. 

£5,000 £1,W 105. £(),<W 10s. 

1,000 307 105. 1,397 105. 

100 39 155. 139 155. 

To assure £100 payable at death, a person aged 21 pays £2 2s. 4(7. per 
annum; but as the profits have averaged nearly 2 per cent, per annum, 
the additions, in many cases, have been almost as much as the pre- 
miums paid. 

Loans granted on approved real or personal security. 

Invalid Lives. Parties not in a sound state of health maybe insured 
at equitable rates. 

No charge for Volunteer Military Corps while serving in the United 

The funds or property of the company, as at 1st January, 18G1, 
amounted to £730,665 7s. 10c/., invested in Government and other ap- 
proved securities. 

Prospectuses and every information afforded on application to 

E. L. BOYD, Resident Director. 


Regulators and Re- 

storatives. — As the winter advances the public is constantly 
shocked by the increased number of sudden deaths. These catastrophes 
originate from some irregularities of circulation, which generate head 
or heart symptoms. Holloway's Pills are widely used and everywhere 
esteemed for purifying the mass, and regulating the flow of the blood. 
They prevent palpitation, oppression of the chest, and determination of 
blood to the head; and they effectually remove congestion of the lungs, 
liver, kidneys^and brain, by proportionally distributing the blood to 
each organ. Holloway's Pills should be taken without delay when 
ieelings of faintness, giddiness, drowsiness, or annoying eructations, 
warn us of some disturbance of the digestion, circulation, or respira- 
tion; each is a vital essence. 

Bridge Street, Blackfriara : established 1762. 


The Right Hon. LORD TREDEGAR, President. 

Wm. Samuel Jones, Esq., V.P. 
Wm. F. Pollock, Esq., V.P. 
Wm. Dacres Adams, Esq. 
John Charles Burgoyne, Esq. 
Lord Geo. Henry Cavendish,' M.P. 
Frederick Cowper, Esq. 
Philip Ilardwick, Esq. 

Richard Gosling, Esq. 

Peter Martineau, Esq. 

John Alldin Moore, Esq. 

Charles Pott, Esq. 

Rev. John l<ussell,D.D. 

James Spicer, Esq. 

John Charles Templer, Esq. 

The Equitable is an entirely mutual office. The reserve, at the last 
44 rest," in December, 1859, exceeded three-fourths of a million sterling, 
a sum more than double the corresponding fund of any similar in- 

The bonuses paid on claims in the 10 years ending on the 31st De- 
cember, 1859, exceeded 3,500,oOOZ., being more than 100 per cent, on the 
amount of all those claims. 

The amount added at the close of that decade to the policies existing 
on the 1st January, I860, was 1,977,0007., and made, with former addi- 
tions then outstanding, a total of 4,0/0,000?., on assurances originally 
taken out for 6,252,000*. only. 

These additions have increased the claims allowed and paid under 
those policies since the 1st January, I860, to the extent of 150 per cent. 

The capital, on the 31st December last, consisted of — 

2,730,000/. — stock in the public Funds. 

3/06,297/. — cash lent on mortajres of freehold estates. 

300,000/. — cash advanced on railway debentures. 

83,590/. — cash advanced on security of the policies of members of the 

Producing: annually 221, 482?. 

The total income exceeds 400,000/. per annum. 

Policies effected in the year 1862 will participate in the distribution 
of profits made in December, 1859, so soon as six annual premiums 
shall have become due and been paid thereon; and, in the division 
of 18G9, will be entitled to additions in respect of every premium paid 
upon them from the year 1862 to 1869, each inclusive. 
9 On the surrender of policies the full value is paid, without any deduc- 
tion; and the Directors will advance nine- tenths of that value as a 
temporary accommodation, on the deposit of a policy. 

No^ extra premium is charged for service in any Volunteer Corps 
within the United Kingdom, during peace or wnr. 

A Weekly Court of Directors is held every Wednesday, from 11 to 1 
o'clock, to receive proposals for new assurances ; and a short account of 
the Society may be had on application, personally or by post, from the 
office, where attendance is given daily, from l'> to 4 o'clock. 



Beg to caution the Public against Spurious Imitations of their 



Purchasers should 


Pronounced by Connoisseurs to be 


*** Sold "Wholesale and for Export, by the Proprietors, Worcester, 

MESS11S. CROSSE & BLACKWELL, London, &c, &c, 

and by Grocers and Oilmen universally. 



In Packets 2d.,4c7., and 8(7.: and Tins, Is. 

Recipe from the " Cook's Guide," by C. E. Francatelli, late Chief 
Cook to her Majesty the Queen : — 


To one dessertspoonful of Brown and Poison mixed with a wineglass- 
ful of cold water, add half a pint of boiling water ; stir over the lire for 
five minutes ; sweeten lightly, and feed the baby ; but if the infant i3 

being brought up by hand, tins food should then be mixed with milk, 

not otherwise, as the use of two different milks would be injurious. 

LI CHINES, manufactured by the WHEELER & WILSON Manu- 
facturing Company, with recent Improvements. 

The Lock Stitch Sewing Machine will Gather, Hem, Fell, Bind, or 
Stitch with {rreat rapidity and perfect regularity, and is the best for 
every description of work. The machine is simple, compact, and ele- 
gant in design, net liable to /zet out of order, and is so easily understood 
that a child may work it, and it is alike suitable for the Family and 

Offices and Sale Rooms, 130, REGENT STREET, LONDON, W. 
Instructions gratis to every purchaser. 

Illustrated Prospectus , with Testimonials, Gratis and Post Free. 

Manufacturers of Foot's Patent Umbrella Stand. A tasteful stand, 
with perfect security against the loss of an Umbrella. 


\J permanent cure for Neuralgia, Tic- Douloureux, Toothache, and 
A$uc. Clark, Dorking. London Depot, f>7, ^t. Paul's. Sold by all Che- 
mists. Prices*. &/.,*#. 6rf. Reference, The Rev. Sir F. Gore Ouseley 
Bart., M.A., Miw. Bac, Oxon. 

* NOTES AND QUERIES. p»* * I. Fm. 1, « 



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if Ma 


A succession of Visits to the Scenes of New Testament Narrative. Complete in One Volume, illustrated with Map «ld 22 beautiful Engrav- 
ings on Steel, and 2 1 superior Wood Engravings, after Drawings by tnc Author, AY . II. BAR I .Lb IX. rnce 78. wi. 

This will be followed in April by 


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Wood Engravings, after Drawings by the Author, W. II. BARTLETT. Trice 7s. 6d. 

The Volume for May will be, • 

The NILE BOAT ; or, GLIMPSES of the LAND of EGYPT. Complete in One Volume. 

Illustrated with Map and 36 beautiful Engravings on Steel, and 17 Engravings on Wood, after Drawings by the Author, W. II. BART- 
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Subscribers' Names received by all Booksellers. 

This Xew Series is intended to meet a demand, which is gradually increasing, for books of established character 
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Among those already published are 

WALPOLES ENTIRE CORRESPONDENCE. Chronologically arranged, with the Pre- 
faces of MR. CHOKER, LOUT) DOVER, and others, the Notes of all previous Editors, and additional Notes by PETER CUNNINGHAM. 

"With ii General Index, and illustrated with numerous tine Portraits engraved on Steel. Complete in Nine Volumes. 

*' II >rac!C Walpole will be Ions known to posterity by his ineompar- j " Read, if you have not read, all Horace Wa I pole's Letters, wherever 
able Letters — models sis they arc of every variety of epistolary excel- j you can find them;— the best wit ever published in the shape of letters." 

—Sydney Smith. 

" We own that we expect to see fresh Humes and fresh Burkes, before 
prise a chronicle of every occurrence nnd of every opinion which at- ! we ag:a in fall in with that peculiar combination of moral and intellec- 
tr;iet< <1 or deserved public attention, either at home or abroad, during i tual qualities to which the writings of Walpole owe their extraordinary 
one of the busies; hali-centuiies of European history." — Quarterly | popularity. 17 — Edinburgh llteitiv. 


WIIAKXCLT1TE. New Edition, with important Additions and Corrections, derived from the Original Manuscripts ; a New Memoir and 
Illustrative Notes by W. MOY THOMAS. Complete in 2 Vols, with a Genera 

lence. lint it is not only for the merits of his >tyle that Walpole *s 
Letters arc, we think, destined, more surely perhaps than any other 
work of his or our a-e, to immortality; it is because these Letters com- 

al Index, and fine Portraits engraved on Steel. 
. * The former Edition of this Work, much less complete than the present, was published at '21. '2s., and has long been extremely scarce. 

"I hrivc heard Dr. Johnson siy, that he never read but one book 
t ronirh from choice i 

rouirb from choice in his whole life, and that book was Lady Mary 

-' ; :.ey Moiita-U'a Letters. '' _ /'.,</'v//V " Lin of Johnson.' 1 

44 The Letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu are so bewitchingly 
entertaining, that we defy the most phlegmatic man on earth to read 
one without going through with them, or, niter finishing the whole, 
not to wish there were twenty more volumes." — Smollett. 

V/ALPOLE'S ANECDOTES of PAINTING in ENGLAND, with some Account ©f the 

principal English Artists, nnd Incidental Notices of Sculptors, Carvers, Enamellers, Architects, Medallists, &c. Also, a Catalogue of En- 
:• ravers who have Ken Lorn or Hesideu in England. With Auditions by the REV. JAMES DALLAWAY. 

New Edition, revised, with additional Xote*. by RALPH N. WORNUM, Esq. Complete in 3 Vols, with upwards of 150 Portraits and Plates. 

On the 1st of March will be ready, Vol. I. of 

MAXWELL'S LIFE of the DUKE of WELLINGTON. To be completed in 3 Vols, con- 

tainiuir M Engravings on Steel, and upwards of 77 on Wood, by the best Artists.' 

• • The* 3 Vols were originally published at Zl. 7s., and obtained a very large sale at that price. They will now, in becoming part of this 

Series, cost only 1/. 7s. 

Other Works of similar imnortanea ar« in nr^naratinn. 


On a Popular Plan. 

Compiled from the best Authorities, English and Foreign, with a General In 
with ol capitally engraved Maps and upwards of 150 Woodcuts. 

dex. Illustrated 

completed to the Present Time 

Price 6s. ; or with the Maps coloured 7s. 6d. 

coved! ana ,fl |^i!'.'? 1 i ;'!'roi, ,l !i^\VV. : ','! e VtV« ,r .l" te<1 la ? J'" lil > ^ rl \ lick , ly ,u ' canic out of ' 5,!nt - The l 1resent New Edition is corrected and im- 
V. :.>.,; a imrodu b u.« the ot Inland and other Countries, records the changes which have taken place in Italy and 

Schoolmasters and Teachers may have sample 

HENRY G. BOIIN, York Street, Covcnt Garden, London. 

at No. 6, New Street "cm ro , w [\ il "?\ oi £?• }*' .*"?«« ?^eet, Buckingham Gate, in the Parish of St. Margaret, in the City of Westmi 

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8>i. uuuU.. in the tt est, in the City of London, Publisher, at No. 186, Fleet Street. aforesaid.- Saturday, February 1, isr>2. 


in the 















" When found, make a note of. 


Captain Cuttle. 


No. 6.] 

Saturday, February 8 5 1862. 

("Price Fourpence. 

L Stamped Edition, 5d. 


X published THIS DAY. 

Contents : 

JOHN MURRAY, Albemarle Street, W. 



Now ready, in 8vo, price Is. 6d. sewed, 


Reprinted from the Papers of the Royal Society. By 
the Very Rev. the Dean of St. Paul's. With a Portrait 
engraved from Richmond's Picture. 

%* This Memoir, with the Portrait, is published sepa- 
rately in 8vo, for the convenience of those who possess 
the 8vo edition of Lord Macaulay's History of Eng- 
land. Both the Portrait and the Memoir will be in- 
cluded in the Eighth Volume of Lord Macaulay's 

History of England, in post 8vo, now in the press. 




Now ready, in imperial 4to, price 21s. boards, 

Leaves in Saxon Handwriting on S. Swithun, copied 
by Photozincography at the Ordnance Survey Office, 
Southampton; and published with an Essay by John 
Earle, M.A., Rector of Swanswick; late Fellow and 
Tutor of Oriel, and Professor of Anglosaxon in the Uni- 
versity of Oxford. II. Saxon Leaves on S. Maria 
iEgyptiaca, with Facsimile. 

London: LONGMAN, GREEN, & CO. 14, Ludgate Hill. 



Will be issued with the Art- Journal for 1862 (commencing on April 1), 
each part of which will consist of twenty-four illustrated pages, and 
contain about one hundred and twenty engravings. No extra charge 
will be made for the Art Journal containing such Illustrated Cata- 
logue. Nor will any payment be required for the introduction— with 
Critical and Explanatory Notices — of any object of Art engraved. 


For February contains the second of a Series of Selected Pictures ; — 

THE SWING," engraved in line by E. Goodall, after a Painting 

by F. Goodall, A.R.A. Also, 

"BRIGHTON CHAIN PIER," engraved byR. Wallis, after J. M. 

W. Turner, R.A., 

and various Articles, extensively iUustrated by Wood Engravings of 
the highest attainable merit. 

London ; JAMES S. VIRTUE. 

3rd S. No. 6.] 


Published this Day, price One Shilling, to be continued Monthly, illus- 
trated with full-page Plates in Colours and Tints, together with 
Woodcuts printed with the Text, No. I. of 


Review of Natural History, Microscopic Research, and Recreative 


The Work of the Year. By Shirley Ilibberd, F.R.H.S. 
Prime Movers. By J. W. MGaulcy. 

On Flukes. By T. Spencer Cobbold, M.D., F.L.S. With a Co- 
loured Plate. 
The Roman Cemetery of Uricmium. By Thomas Wright, M.A., 

F.S.A. With Illustrations. 
The Skipper, Skopster, or Saury. By Jonathan Couch, F.L.S. With 

an Illustration. 
A Rotifer New to Britain. By Phillip Henry Gosse, F.R.S. With 

a Tinted Plate. 
Notes on the Preceding Paper. By Henry J. Slack, F.G.S. With 

Ancient and Modern Finger Rings. By II. Noel Humphreys. 

With Illustrations. 
The Earth in the Comet's Tail. By the Rev. T. W. Webb, F.R.A.S. 

With an Illustration. 
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NOTES:— Turgot, Chatterton, and the Rowley Poems. 101 

— The Registers of the Stationers* Company, 104— Let- 
ters of Archbishop Leighton, 106 — Mysteries, 107 

Minor Notes: — Sir John Davies and Robert Montgomery 

— Misapplication of Terms— Autobiography of Miss Cor- 
nelia Knight: Errata— Lottery — Missing or Dislocated 
Documents — Lengthened Tenure of a Living — Bonefire 
and Bonfire, 108. 

QUERIES : — " Adeste Pideles M — Arms in Noble's u Crom- 
well Family " — Arnenian Society — Baldwin Family : Sir 
Clement Farnham — Sir Francis Bryan — Engraved Heads 

— Family of Dowson of Chester — Jacob Fletcher — Greek 
Orator — Ikon — Jones of Dingestow— Passage in Cicero — 
Rutland : County or Shire ? — Satin Bank Note — Shakes- 
peare Family Pedigree — Shoe nailed to Mast — West 
Street Chapel, 109. 

his presumed testimony he has depended for much 
of his account of transactions in Bristol during 

the reigns 


the Conqueror, William 

Rufus, and part of that of II 
time Turgot was actually living. A list of his 
works has been carefully preserved, but in it we 
fail to find one that does not treat almost exclu- 
sively of persons and places belonging to the 
north of England, where he resided almost from 
his boyhood. He wrote a life of Margaret, Queen 





" How many Beans make 
- The Modern British Coin- 

Queries with Answers: — 

Five P " — Christening Bowls - 
age — " England's Black Tribunall " — " Champagne to the 
mast head " — Barometers first made — Gray's "Elegy" 
parodied, 111. 

REPLIES: — Albert TJni versify : Order of Merit, &c, 113 — 
Isabella and Elizabeth, lb. — Aristotle "De Regimme 
Princip^a," 114 — Trial of Spencer Cowper — Fridays, 
Saints' Days and Fast Days — Jakins — Husbandman 

— Metric Prose — Coins inserted in Tankards — Paulus 
Dolscius: Psalter in Greek Verse — Xavier and Indian 
Missions - The Queen's Pennant — Sir Humphry Davy 

— Topography of Ireland — Otho Vaenius, " Emblemata 
Horatiana " — Solicitors' Bills — Crony —Learned Dane 
on Unicorns — Jefferson Davis — Sunday Newspapers — 
Col. Thomas Winslow, &c, 115. 

Notes on Books. 

tor Boethius and Peter Bale attribute also the 

History of the Kings of 

land. The Chronicles of Durh 

King Malcolm j 
Time to Turgot. 
Durham, likewis 

Annals of 

ife of 


History of the Church of 

Simeon of Durham, has been shown by the learned 
Selden, in his masterly preface to the Decern 
Scriptores, to have really been written by Turgot 
— Simeon having unjustly taken the honour to 


The statement of Mr. Barrett that Turcot was a 
Bristol man, was not only reiterated by writers in 
his time, but it has been repeated in our own in 
the volume of the Proceedings of the Archaeologi- 
cal Institute • for 1851, where, at p. 119, the error is 
again recorded; and the copyist says that " Tur- 
got is one of the principal historians and writers, 
who has treated on the antiquities of Bristol." 
He then adds, in a note at the foot of the page, 
that " Some have called in question the au- 
Perhaps there is no provincial town in England, thenticity of Turgors history : he is cited in the 
the history of which has been so trifled with, as belief that certain ancient papers fell into Chat- 




that of Bristol. To Thomas Rowley, who is repre- 
sented as a priest residing here in the fifteenth cen- 
tury, has been ascribed the authorship of numerous 
manuscripts containing narratives relating to the 

terton's hands which were worked up in his His- 

i ___ 11 /V*M TT!_i m.-ii^i V. €>\ "\T~i- _„ 

t or y . 

Yet, as 

now regarded as the inventions of that unfortu- 
nate genius, Thomas Chatterton. Among 
fictions contained in these papers, mention is made 

the writer subsequently quotes both Turgot and 
Rowley as authorities, without remark of any kind 


old town, which long passed as genuine, but are to show that he had the slightest suspicion that 

their statements were mere inventions, we natu- 
rally infer that he believes in the integrity of the 
writings ascribed to them ; and that Rowley, the 
of Turgot, a monkish historian, whom Mr. Bar- creation of Chatterton, was a veritable personage, 
rett tells us, " is said to be a Bristol man ; " * and clothed in flesh and blood like ourselves. In this 
whom, too, Jacob Bryant says, " was assuredly of way the fabrications of the boy-bard, incorporated 

(Bristol). " Turgotle horn of Si 
Parents ynn Bristowe Towne" f The following 
remarks are submitted to the reader, with a view 
to show the incorrectness of such statements 

No one who has investigated the subject will 
deny that Turgot was a real character ; yet Mr. 
Barrett, who tells us that he " is said to be a Bristol 
man," makes no efFort to ascertain that fact ; nor 
does he give any memoir of him in his " Biogra- 
phical Account of Eminent Bristol Men," which 

History of Br 


* History and Antiquities of the Cit 

t Observations upon the Poems of 

by Mr. Barrett in his volume, are continually re- 
peated without examination, to the regret of every 
lover of genuine investigation, and every inquirer 
after truth. 

Although many persons may doubt that Turgot 
was a Bristolian by birth, though stated to be so 
by Mr. Barrett; or that he was at all connected 
with Bristol as asserted by Mr. Bryant, I am not 
aware that any author questions the genuineness of 
his acknowledged writings, as remarked by the 
writer in the volume of Proceedings referred to. 
He was, as we shall presently see, a man of consi- 
derable note, and he is everywhere spoken of with 

great respect; but as the claim which has been 





set up for Bristol to be regarded as the place of 

his nativity, appears to rest entirely upon the 
veracity of the manuscripts presented to our local 
historian by Chatterton, it partakes of the general 
suspicion which attaches to all the papers given to 
Mr. Barrett by that gifted genius, and claiming 
Rowley for their author ; and it must be received 
accordingly with a considerable amount of doubt 


and hesitancy. 


In tracing the family of Turgot, we find 
Scottish genealogists, whilst proving its settle- 
ment in that country at a very early period, also 
very particularly asserting the Anglo- Saxon parent- 
u<re of the subject of this inquiry himself. They 
maintain that this Scottish branch of the family, 
was not only " of the highest antiquity, but very 
illustrious ; for it claimed descent from Togut, a 
Danish prince, who lived a thousand years before 
the Christian era." They also state that at the 
time of the Crusades some members of this family 
migrated into Normandy, one of whom founded 
the" hospital of Conde-sur-Noireau in France, in 
the year 1281 ; and from this off-shoot descended 




10th, 1727. 


The family of Turgot* 1 was then evidently of 
northern extraction; — this ascertained, the next 
point is to find out, if possible, where the particu- 
lar individual member of it, who is said by Mr. 
Barrett to have been a Binstol man, was actually 
born. Simeon of Durham, who was contempo- 
rary with Turcot, without referring at all to the 
place of his birth, says that he came " a remotis 
Aitglice partlbus^ an expression which Mr. Bryant, 
in his zeal for the authenticity of the "Rowley 
poems, interprets to mean Bristol, where he says 
Turgot was a monk : this, however, is undoubtedly 
an error, as we shall presently see. As one branch 
of the family settled at an early period in Nor- 
mandy, so we have reason to believe that another 
part of it located themselves in Lincolnshire, 
where it is said they were not only highly respect- 
able, but even noble ; and in this county, though 
we know not exactly at what place, I have no 
doubt that Turgot was born ; for when but a 
youth, says Simeon of Durham, he was delivered 
by the people of Lindsey to William the Conqueror, 
as one of their hostages for securing the peace of 
some of the icestern provinces, a fact which may 
have influenced the judgment of Mr. Bryant in 
asserting his Bristol paternity — he supposing that 




Kerstevan, and both lying to the 

west of it : hence Lindsey supplied hostages for 

of itself as well as of these 

securing the peace 
western provinces. 


little circumstance, the opinion he expressed relat- 
ing to Turgors birth-place might have been a 
very different one ; but he seems, like many other 
writers, to have caught at every thing likely to 
support a favourite theory, rather than investigate 
facts^which might overturn what he was anxious 
to believe himself, and to induce others to believe 


We [may then, I think, fairly conclude that 

Lincoln. From 

was born somewhere in the county of 

Castle he contrived to 


escape into Norway ; but the ship which carried 
him there also conveyed some of the Conqueror's 
adherents, who had been despatched thither to 
treat with Olave, then king of that country. Al- 

discovered by the Normans before the 
vessel arrived at its destination, Turgot had so 
gained the favour of the sailors that they pro- 
tected him from the malice of his fellow passen- 

who, though hostile, were not suffered to 



harm him. 


sented to the king, and he so won upon the mon- 
arch and his people, that after remaining for some 

left that country to return 


at court, 


home,Taden with presents ; but in a storm which 
overtook, and wrecked the ship on the coast of 
Northumberland, he lost the whole of the wealth 
he had accumulated. From that moment he re- 
solved to devote himself to the service of the 
church ; and he accordingly took the vows of a 


not, as Mr. Bryant says, in the west, but 


in the north of England, 
where he was shipwrecked, he travelled to Dur- 
ham : " and applying to Walter, bishop of that 

see, declared his resolution to forsake the world, 
and become a monk." In this determination he 
was encouraged by the good prelate, who com- 
mitted him to the care of Aldwin, the first prior 
of Durham, then at Jarrow. From that monas- 
tery he went to Melrose ; from thence to Were- 
mouth, where, says his biographer, Simeon of 
Durham, the ceremony of his induction into the 
monastery at Durham was performed about the 
year 1074 by Aldwin the prior, who had before 

been the prior of the monastery at Winchcombe, 
in Gloucestershire. Here, says Simeon, Aldwin 
bestowed on Turirot the monastic habit 





On the death of Aldwin in 1087, Turgot was 

When delivered as a hostage to the Conqueror, unanimously chosen prior of Durham ; and we 

young Turgot was confined in the castle of Lin- learn from Roger de Hoveden, that in 1093, the 

coin, which was situated in that part of the new church there was commenced, Malcolm King 

county designated Lindsey, which is the most im- of Scotland, William the bishop, and Turgot the 

portant of the three districts into which Lincoln- prior, laying the first stones. Shortly after his 

shire is divided ; the two others being called election to the oflfice just named, having esta- 


gM s. L Feb. 8, '62.] 



blished himself in the good opinion of the bishop, 
he was appointed archdeacon of the diocese, which 
situation he held with that of prior of Durham. 
Under his able management the revenues of the 
monastery were greatly augmented, large addi- 
tions were made to its privileges, and many im- 
provements in the structure itself were the result 
of his prudent government. During the twenty 
years he held the office of prior, he frequently 
visited the various places included in his archdea- 
conry, and often preached to attentive audiences. 
He was a sincere admirer of St. Cuthbert, whose 
relics were greatly venerated by him, and also by 
his early friend and predecessor in office. Prior 
Aldwin ; and it is not unlikely that this circum- 
stance, together with his own personal virtues and 
accomplishments, induced the king in 1107 to 

Margaret, the sister of Edgar Atheling, 

solicit his acceptance of the archbishopric of St. 
Andrews, which he did, but his consecration was 
for many months delayed. Here he remained for 
the space of eight years, and as his great worth 
was particularly known both to the king and his 


who, like Turgot, indulged an unconquerable aver- 
sion to the Anglo-Normans, he was appointed 
confessor to the latter. Some dissensions, how- 
ever, between him and the king occurring soon 
afterwards, so disquieted the latter days of the 
archbishop, that he was desirous of journeying to 
Home to crave the advice of Pope Pascal in the 
matter. But his strength being unequal to the 
task, he retired to Durham, for which place he 
ever entertained a great regard, stopping on his 
way at Weremouth, where he performed mass. 
On arriving at the former scene of his labours, he 
was seized with a slow fever, which, in the course 
of two months, terminated his valuable life. 
Here, says Simeon of Durham, he died in the year 
1115; and Leland tells us he was buried there 
with Aldwin and Walcher, who were both priors 
of Durham, and that the tomb which contained 
their ashes remained in his time. 

Although we are not informed of the age attained 
by Turgot when he died, it can be ascertained 
with tolerable accuracy. By the expression his 
biographer uses, that when a hostage to William 
I. he was " but a youth" we shall not greatly err if 
we regard his age in 1066 as not exceeding twenty 
years; and as he lived until 1115, he had 
quite attained to threescore years and ten. He 
was undoubtedly a man of ability, and one of the 
most distinguished literary characters of the age 
in which he lived. To him is ascribed the author- 
ship of the Battle of Hastings, a poem which was 
given to Mr. Barrett by Chatterton with the fol- 
lowing title 

" Battle of Hastings, wrote by Turgott the Monk, a 
Saxon, in the tenth century, and translated by Thomas 
Roulie, parish preeste of St. John's in the City of Bristol, 
in the vear 14G5." 




forger}", because Chatterton produced the first part as his 
own, and afterwards a second as the work of Rowley " 

It is rather unfortunate, too, for the date given 
to this poem, that Turgot could not have been 
even born until about the first half of the century 
which followed that mentioned, had passed away. 
If his birth took place in the tenth century, as 
stated above, he would have attained an age truly 
patriarchal ; and been the author of the poem in 



was fought, or the combatants themselves had 

existed ! 

' From the circumstance, as already stated, that 
Aldwin, Prior of Durham, had previously belonged 
to the abbey at Winchcombe in Gloucestershire, 
Mr. Bryant has concluded, without a tittle of evi- 
dence, that an acquaintance had existed between 
him and Turgot, when he supposes they resided 
respectively at Winchcombe and Bristol ; and we 
are informed that on Turgot removing to Dur- 
ham, he there found, not only Aldwin, but another 
monastic brother from Winchcombe, named llein- 
frid. These circumstances, which are merely pre- 
sumed, are nevertheless sufficient, in the estimation 
of Mr. Bryant, to account for the people of Bristol 
being spoken of with so much distinction in the 

are claimed by himself and Mr. 
Barrett to the productions of Turgot.* 

The fact that Turgot was not at all connected 

writings which 

with Bristol is sufficiently apparent ; and that 
some place in Lincolnshire gave him birth. From 
thence we have traced him to Durham, where, 
and at places still further north, he spent the rest 
of his life. Nothing has been adduced of any 
authority whatever to show that he was in any 
way connected with Bristol, or any other place in 
the West of England. In the north he appears 
to have spent nearly the whole of his life; and 
there too he died, and was buried. Everything 
that relates to him appears to be narrated by his 
biographer, Simeon of Durham, with a consider- 
able amount of detail ; but not one word do we 
find recorded of his having at any time journeyed 
at all towards this part of the country ; and it is 
an unworthy occupation for any writer to reiterate 
the statements made by others, which a little 
patient research would show to be entirely devoid 

of truth. 

Mr. Bryant^ thinks that the favourable manner 


the Saxon ynto 

Englyshe " 




speaks of Bristol and its vicinity, " accounts for 
the title assumed by Chatterton of Dnnelmus 
Bristoliensis, which (he says) he would never have 
taken had it not been for a prior signature of 
Turgot of Dunhelm, which he had seen upon a 

Brvant's Observations, pp. 226, 246, 248, 572. 





manuscript." * This opinion is, however, any- 
thing but satisfactory, and I think, that without 
travelling so far to ascertain Chatterton's_ au- 
thority for the name, it will be found in Camden's 




with which we have every reason to believe that 
unfortunate youth was well acquainted; for, 
strange to say, an old edition of this very work 
was in the office library of Mr. Lambert, to whom 
Chatterton was apprenticed ; and which, having 
much leisure, and a great liking for antiqua- 
rian pursuits, he no doubt frequently perused. 


tory of Durham, the writer says: " Simeon 

nelmensis, or rather Abbot Turgot, tells us 
and then he goes on to relate particulars which it 
is not necessary to transcribe. Here it will be 

laudable fight performed in the Straights by the Centurion of 
London, against Jive Spanish Gallies. Who is safely re- 
turned this present Moneth of May. Anno D. 1591. There 
is a woodcut of a ship on the title-page, so large that no 
room was left for the imprint: at the end we read 
"Present at this fight Maister John Hawes, Marchant, 
and sundry other of good account." The result was most 
extraordinary, if we are to believe implicitly the state- 
ment of Hawes; for he says that the Centurion had only 
forty-eight men and boys on board, while each of the gal- 
leys that assailed her had 500 sailors and soldiers. The 
ballad, as far as we are aware, has not survived, and we 
the more regret its loss as an early naval effusion.} 


Maij. — Abell Jeffes. Entred unto him, 

seen at a glance, that 



,on, Dunelmensis, 
and that of the 

historian Turgot, to whom are ascribed the manu- 
scripts in question, actually occur in the same 
passage, and in such close proximity, as to leave 
no doubt in my own mind as to the origin of the 
title or signature Chatterton made use of, or from 
whence he derived his knowledge of the fact that 
Turcot was an annalist or historian. 

Having thus shown that Mr. Barrett and all 
other writers who assert that Turgot was a Bris- 
tol man are in error, it is not difficult to deter- 
mine the character of the manuscripts which are 
said by our local historian and his copyists to have 
been " done from the Saxon ynto Englyshe by T. 
Ilowlie;" for it is now all but universally be- 
lieved in the literary world, that the real author 
was the gifted but unfortunate Chatterton. Mr. 

.Bryant has laboured hard, though not very suc- 
cessfully, to prove that Turgot" really was the 
writer of the poems ascribed to him"; "but he 
makes so much to rest upon mere speculation and 
hypothesis, that; we are not safe in coming to any 

Mich Conclusion." GkORGjTPrYCE. 

Bristol Citv Librarv. 



{Continued from 3 rJ 3. i. p. 46.) 

xv Maij [1591]. — Andrewe White. Entred 

unto him, &c. The wonderful/, vyctorie obtcyned 
by the Century on of London again s'te fyve Spanishe 
gallies, the iiij 1 " of April, beings ' Ester daye, 


Andrewe White. Entred unto him, &c. a bal- 
lad of the same vyctorie v \ 

[The tract first entered, is now before us, consisting 
only oi a few pages : it is entitled The Valiant and most 

4 Observations, pp. 222, 573. 

stamering Lovers, which plainely dothe unto your 
sight bewray e their pleasaunt meeting e on St. Valen- 
tine's daie vj d . 

[The humour probably consisted in the ridiculous 
blunders of the stammering lovers. We may conjecture 
that, on the 16th May, it was a reprint of what had ap- 
peared on or near Valentine's Day, 1591.] 

Quinto Junij. — John Wolf. Entred for his 
copie, The Masque of the League of the Span- 
yardes discovered, fyc. to be printed in English vj d . 

[Probably a translation from the French. Robert 
Greene's Spanish Masquerado had been published two 
years earlier, and was clearly a different production ; 
which was never reprinted, and never deserved it.] 

10 Junij. — Richard Jones. Entred for his 
copie, &c. A christall glass e for christian women, 
Conteyninge an excellent discourse of the godly life 
and Xpian death of Mrs. Katherine Stubbes, Sfc. 

vj d . 

[She was the wife of Philip St abbes, the celebrated 

puritanical author of The Artalomy of Abuses, the first 
edition of which came out in May 1583; and its popu- 
larity was so great, that it was republished with various 
additions and alterations in August of the same year: 
it had been entered by Jones on March 1st, 1583. (See 
Extr. from the Stat. Reg., published by the Shakspeare 
Soc, vol. ii. p. 178). The early impressions of this Life 
of his wife seem to have been innumerable ; but so many 
of them were destroyed by the thumbs of readers, that 
we have never been able to meet with a copy of it 
older than 1640. It contains an inflated encomium on 
Mrs. Stubbes' piety, virtue, and resignation.] 

xxiij Junij. — Thorns Orwyn. Graunted unto 
him, by the consent of Edward Marshe, theis copies 

insuinge, which did belonge to Thomas 
deceased, viz. : 


In 8vo, in Englishe. 


1 lie mariage of wyt and wisdome. 
Ke oping e of Goshawke. 
Myrror of Madnes. 
Tullies Old age, 
Institution of a gentleman. 
Flowers of Terence. 
Idle Inventions. 
Heywoode s woorhes. 
Watchword for wilfull women. 
Boolte of Chesse plaie. 
Sheltoris ivoorkes. 

nan pursuits, ne no uouut irequeuty p«udcu, XV1 jyi a] j # — Abeii denes, l^mrea unto mm, j 
At p. 934 of that work (Bishop Gibson's 2nd edi- &c# ^ ballad entituled, A pleasant songe of Twoo \ 

3"» S. I. Feb. 8, '62.3 





Hille's Dreames. 
Nohilitie of D. Humfrey. 
Tom tell trot he. 

Sipirons dreames. 

In folio. 

T>istruction of Troy, in meter. 
Palace of Pleasure, 1 part. 
Palace of Pleasure, 2 part. 
Tragicall Discourses. 
Herodotus in English. 
Ovid de tristibus in English. 
Seneca, his Tragedies. 



Digges Prognostication. 

Leaden Goddes. 

Mirror of Magistrates, 1 pt. and last pt. 

Schoole of Shootinge. 

Churchy ardes Chippes. 

Spider and the file. 

Horace Epistles. 

Horace Sators. 

Pageant of Popes. 

Funeralls of K. E. the 6. 

Historie of Italic. 

The lyne of liberalitic. 

Watsons Amyntas 


• • • • ( i 

llll d 

[This, it will be admitted, is a very curious enumera- 
tion of productions, certainly at that time in print, but 
many of them now lost. Perhaps the most remark- 
able is the very first — The Marriage, of Wit and Wis- 
dom; which drama was printed by the Shakspeare 
Society, in 1846, from a MS. in the possession of Sir Ed- 
ward Dering, Bart. At the time Mr. Halliwell wrote 
the Introduction to it, he was not aware of the existence 
of the above memorandum ; and when the Rev. Mr. Dyce 
asserted, that " no such drama as The Marriage of Wit 
and Wisdom ever existed," he was evident! v too bold and 
hasty — faults with which he is not usually chargeable. 
The list of the other pieces is only a selection of the most 
popular, for the rest consist chiefly of old divinity : a few 
notes upon some of those mentioned above may be ac- 
ceptable. Heywoods Works, clearly means John Hey- 
wood, whose Spider and Fly is separately distinguished 
as a folio below; this is clearly a mistake which is also 
committed as to the rest, for all that are now known are 
in quarto, and so the enumeration ought probably to have 
been headed. We know no book at all like The Nobility 
of TJ[^uhe~\ Humfrey. Tom tell trothe was a popular sa- 
tirical song; Siphon's Dreams ought most likely to be 
" Scipio's Dream" — 8 omnium Scipionis. Distruction 
of Troy was probably Peele's poem ; Tragical Dis- 
courses must have been Turberville's Tales; Herodotus in 
English, consisted only of the two first books by B. R. 
Ovid de Tristibus was by Churchyard. Leaden Cods was 
Bateman's Golden Boohe of Leaden Gods, 1577, our earliest 
mythology. ^ School of Shooting was Ascham's Toxophilus. 
Horace Epistles and Sators were, doubtless, by Drant. 
The Funerals of King Edward the VL was by Baldwin. 
The History of Italy was that of VV. Thomas; but with 
The Line of Liberality we have no acquaintance; and 
Watson's Amyntas was printed by Henrv (not Edward) 
Marsh, ex assignations Thomaz Marsh, in 1585. All these 
we here see assigned by Edward Marsh, the son of 
Thomas Marsh, then dead, to Thomas Orwyn.] 


xix July.— Abeli Jeffes. Received of him for 

printinge a ballad shewinge the treasons of George 
Bysley, alias Parsey, and Mountford, Seminarye 
prestes, who suffered in Fletestreete the firste of 
Julye, 1591 ........... vj 

22 July. 


Entred unto him 

for his copie, A ballad entytuled The happie over- 

f the Prince of Parma his powers heft 

Knodtsen burge sconce, the xxij of July 





publisher. We apprehend, from the appearance of the 
type, that it is not so old a3 the event it celebrates by 
twenty or thirty years. It opens then spiritedly : 

" Huzza, my lads, huzza} 


What cheer, my mates, what cheer? 
The Spaniardes have lost the day, 

As you shall quickly heare. 
The Prince of Palmer and all his men, 
Have lost the Sconce. What then ? What then? " 

And so the burden is continued, each stanza containing 
something in answer to the previous question, "What 
then? What then?"] 

23 Julij. — Edward White. Entred unto him 



a ballad of the noble departinge of th 
honorable the Erie of Essex, lieutenant-irenerall 
of her ma tes forces in Fraunce, and all his gallant 



[Perhaps by George Peele; but more probably by 
Thomas Deloney, who seldom allowed any important 

Tie was a 

to escape the vigilance of his pen. 
by trade, and used to comoose, not 





Richard Blackmore, to " the rumbling 

wheels," but to the rattling of his shuttle: he was known 

of his chariot 

as " th 



26 Julij. — 'Rich. Jones, Entred unto him for 
his copy, under thandes of the B. of London and 
Mr. Watkins, a booke intituled the Huntinge of 
Cupid, wrytten by Gheorue Peele, M 1 of Artes o( 

Oxford vj a . 

Provyded al waves that yf y* be hurtfull to any 
other copye before lycensed, then this to be voyde. 

[No other copy of this work has ever been heard of 
but that from which Drummond of Hawthornden made 
extracts, which extracts are preserved among the MS. of 
the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland; but the book it- 
self has never turned up. There is little doubt that it 
was printed; but it was probably suppressed, or with- 
drawn from circulation, in consequence of the singular 
proviso above quoted, of which nobody seems to have 
taken notice. See the Rev. Mr. Dyce's Petit s Works, 
vol, i. xxi, and vol. ii. p. 259.] 

xxviij die Julij. — Robert Bourne. Entred 
unto him, &c. The life, arraynment, Judgement and 


Execution of William Hachet vj 

[This, according to Stow (p. 12G5) was the very day of 

ution; so that, if the tract were printed 
when it was brought to Stationers' Hall, it must have 
been written and put in type in anticipation of the event. 
The gibbet was erected near the Cross in Cheapside, and 
the fanatic's gesticulations and rhapsodies were such, 
and so violent, that the executioner and others u had 
much ado to get him up the ladder."] 

13 Augusti. — Tho. Nelson. Entred for his 

copie a ballad of a new northerne dialogue be- 




[3'* S. I. Feb. 8, '62. 



* f 

twene Nail Sone, and the Warriner, and howe 
Reynold Peares gott faire Nanny e to his Love#vj d . 

[It is not easy to understand what was meant by 
"Nail Sone": had it anything to do with the name of 
Nelson, the publisher of the ballad? " Northern," as we 
have had occasion before to observe, was then used to 
designate any thing merely rustic] 

14 Augusti. — Gregory Seton. Entred for his 

copie, &c. a book in English entituled Salustius du 
BartaS) his iveeke or Seven dayes woork . . vj 

[We apprehend that this registration applies to Syl 
vester and his translation of Du Bartas; but it is never 
theless quite certain that Sir I\ Sidney had rendered at 
least a part of it into English before his death. The date 
of the earliest appearance of Sylvester's version does not 
seem to have been ascertained ; but we have seen a copy 
of The First Day of the World's Creation, dated as late as 
1VJ6. Sylvester began the publication of his poetry as 
early as 1590.] 

2G Auinisti. — Jo. Danter. Entred for him, 
&c. A pleasant newe ballad called the May dens 

vj d . 

[This publication is not to be confounded with The 
Maidens JJreame, a production by Robert Greene; of the 
existence of which the Rev. Mr. Dyce was not aware 
when he published his two volumes of Greene's Works. 
We shall have to speak of The Maiden's Dreame somewhat 
more at large hereafter, under date of Gth Dec. 1591. We 
know nothing of any such piece as The Maydens Choyce, 
to which the entry relates; but we apprehend that it 
must have boon merely a broadside.] 

J. Payne Collier. 



I am one of your many readers who have 
welcomed Eirionnacii's contributions on the 
" Life and Writings of Archbishop Leighton," 
and am heartily glad to hear that a carefully 
edited collection of his works is at last likely to 
appear. I have taken so much interest in the 
venerable author, as to have collated my modern 
copy (Pearson's edition) line by line with the first 
editions of Leighton's Works^ and can add my 
testimony to the innumerable alterations which 
have been effected in the original text, by the 
caprice or ignorance of editors, or by an ill-judged 
desire to modernise their author's style. I once 
read through the writings of St. Bernard, chiefly 
in order to form a judgment as to the extent of 
Leigliton's indebtedness to him. And should I 
have chanced to verify a quotation, the where- 
abouts of which has escaped your correspondent, 
I should count it a privilege to communicate the 


The three first were written by him 

when a youth at school at Edinburgh, and were 
copied by me from the originals in the State Paper 
Office, they having been seized among his father's 
papers, on his arrest, Feb. 17, 1629. The re- 
mainder (mostly undated) belong to the period 
of his episcopate, and were copied from the 
originals in the British Museum. 

C. F. Secretan. 

10, Besborough Gardens, Westminster. 


Sir, — I received a letter of your's about the 
latter end of Aprill, wherein you inform me of a 
letter of mine that you have received ; but I sent 
three or foure letters since that one, with a letter 
of James Cathekinges (?), another to you, with a 
letter enclosed to my brother, and on(e) to my 
mother as you bid me. In some one of these I in- 
formed you about my uncle. I thought strange to 
heare my aunt was at London, being sorry for 
her sickness, yet glad that she was with you. I 
pray you to remember my duty to her, desiring 
her to pray for me, which is also my request to 
all my freindes. The buissness that fell out with 
me, which I cannot without sorrow relate that 
such a thing should have fallen out, yet having 
some hope to repe good out of it as you exhort 
me — it, I say, was thus. There was a fiirht be- 

tweene our classe and the semies which made 
the provost to restraine us from the play a good 
while ; the boyes upon that made some verses, one 
or two in every classe, mocking the provost's 
red nose. I having heard (?) my lord Borundell 
and the rowe of th [torn away] speaking about 
these verses which the boyes had made, spoke 
a thing in prose concerning his nose, not out of 
spite for wanting the play, neither having taken 
notice of his nose, but out of their report, for I 

never saw (him) before but once, neither thought 
I him to be a man of great state. This I spoke 
of his name, and presently upon their request 
turned it into a verse thus : 

That which his name importes is falsely sayd [his 

name is Okenhead] 
That of the oken wood his head is made, 
For why, if it had been composed so, 
His flaming nose had fir'd it long ago. 

The Verses of Apology not only for myself but 
for the rest you have in that paper. I hope the 
Lord shall bring good out of it to me. As for the 
1 rimare and the regents, to say the trueth, they 
thought it not so hainous a thing as I myself did 
justly thinke it. Pray for me as I know you doo, 
that the Lord may keepe me from like fals ; if I 
have either Christianity or morality, it will not 

From my parcel of Leiglitoniana, I have ven- suffer me to forget you, but as I am able to re- 
tiireu to take out, and forward to you for inser- 
tion, if you think fit in your valuable periodical, 

fifteen hitherto unpublished letters of the Arch- 

member you still to God, and to endeavour that 
my wayes grieve not God and (to) you my deare 

parents, the desire of my heart is to be as litle 


3 rd S. I. Feb. 8, '62.] 



chargeable as may be. Now desiring the Lord to 
keepe you, I rest, ever endeavouring to be, 

Your obedient Son, 

Robert Leighton. 

Edenbrough, May 6, 1628. 

I pray you to remember my aunt (?), duty to 
my mother, love to my brethren and sisters. Re- 
member my duty to all my freindes. 

To his kind and loving father Mr. Alexander Leighton, 
Dr. of medicine, at his house on the top of Pudle hill 
beyond the black friars gate, near the King's ward- 


Endorsed in the father's hand. 
" If this Parliament have not a happy conclu- 
sion, the sin is yo ri . I am free of it." 


Loving Mother, — I have much wondered that 
this long time I have never heard from you, es- 
pecially so many occasions intervening, but yet it 
stopped me not to write yet again (as is my duety), 
and so much the more because I had so good an 

I received a letter from my father, 

was but briefe, yet it 


which, although it 

He sent some of the bookes* 

spicuously made manifest unto me the danger that 
he would in al likelihood incurr of the booke which 
he hath bin printing. God frustrate the pur- 
pose of wicked men. 
hither, which are like to bring those that medled 
with them in some danger, butt I hope God shall 
appease the matter and limite the power of wicked 
men, who, if they could doe according to their 
desire against God's children, would make havock 
of them in a sudden. The Lord stirr us up to 
whom this matter belonges, to pray to God to de- 
fend and keepe his children and his cause, least 
the wicked getting too much sway cry out where 
is their God become. If trouble come, there is 
no cause of sinking under it, but a comfortable 
thing it is to suffer for the cause of God, and the 
greater the crosse be, if it be for righteousness, 
the greater comfort it may afford, and the greater 
honour will it be to goe patiently through with it, 
for if it be an honour and blessedness to be re- 
viled for Christ's sake, it is a far greater honour 
to be persecuted for his sake. Exhort my brother 
walke with God, and pray for me that the same 
thing may be my case. Thus committing you to 

God, I rest 

Your obedient Son, 

R. Leighton. 

Edbrs, March 12, 1629. 

Pray remember me to my brethren and sisters, 
My duty to my Aunt and al my freindes. I write 
not to my father because I have not heard whether 
he be come home yet or not. I directed the letter 

* Zioits Plea against the Prelacie, for which he was 

now in prison. 

as to my father, that it might be the better knowne 
where to deliver it. 

I writt for sundry things long since, for which 
I will not now sollicit you ; send them at your 
owne leasure any time before May. 

To his loving father Mr. Alex r Leighton, Dr. of Physike, 
at his house on the top of pudle hill, near blackfriars 
gate, over against the King's wardrobe. 


Endorsed, — in Laud's handwriting, 
44 March 2, 1629. (Style Rom.) Rob. Leighton, 
the Sonn's Letter to his mother from Eden- 



Loving Mother, — The cause of my delaying to 

write unto you 


twise received letters 

from you was this. You writt unto me concerning 
some things that you had sent, and I differred 
writing till I thought to have received them, but 
not having heard any thing as yet of their coming, 
I thought good to write a line or two, having oc- 
casion. Mr. Wood hath received things from Mr. 
Morhead since then, with which he thought to 
have gotten my thinges, but he hath received his 
own and not mine. I informe you breifly of this, 
but I more desire to heare something of my 
father's affaires. I have not so much as scene 
any of his bookes yet, though there be some of 
them heere. I pray with the first occasion write 
to me what he hath done ; as yet my part is in 
the mean while to recommend it to God. 



j my duety to my aunt, my love to my 
brother James. 

I blesse God 

heare of him, though 

for the thing 


I come short of it my- 
selfe, pray him to pray for me, that God uphold 
me, and let not Satan take advantage either 
by objecting liberty before me or ill example. 
Remember me to Elizabeth, Elisha, and my young 
brother and sister. Remember me to M rs . Freese. 
Pardon my most rude forme of "vrriting in re- 
gard of the past and ye time of night wherein I 
writt this letter. 

Your obed. Son, 

R. Leighton. 

Edbrg. May 20, 1G29. 

To his loving father Mr. Alex r Leighton, D r of Physicke, 
at his house on the top of pudle hill, near blackfriars 
gate, over against the Kiuge's wardrobe. 


Endorsed. " Maij 20, 1629. Rob. Leighton s 
letter to his mother, fro' Edenboroughe." 

(To be continued.} 


The account given by Bishop Percy of the 
origin of the term " mysteries," as applied to the 




[3'4 S. I. Feb. 8, '62. 

religious dramas of the middle ages, is well know 
and has long been received as correct. 

" On the most solemn festivals," says he, " they were 
wont to represent in the churches, the lives and miracles 
of the saints, or some of the important stories of scrip- 
ture. And as the most mysterious subjects were fre- 
quently chosen, such as the Incarnation, Passion, and 
Insurrection of Christ, &c, these exhibitions acquired 
the general name of Mystehies." 

The following considerations seem to point to 

another derivation of the word : 



" manners, mysteries, and trades; " while in Spen- 
ser's Mother IlabbercVs Tale, occur the lines: 

" Shame light on him, that through so false illusion, 
Doth turn the name of Souldiers to abusion ; 
And that which is the noblest mysterie, 
Urings to reproach and common infamie. 

To which Todd adds the explanation : " Mys- 
terie, profession, trade, or calling." 

Mysterie, in this sense is obviously connected 
with mister, a word of frequent occurrence in our 
earlier poets, and defined by Richardson as " the 
art or business with which any one supports him- 
self." Probably derived from mysterium, "because 
every art or craft, however mean, has its own 
secrets, which it discloses only to the initiated. 1 ' 
The term mister or mysterie was frequently ap- 
plied, as in the above quotation from Shakspeare, 
to the great corporations or guilds. May we not 
readily suppose that from these corporations it 
passed to the plays they exhibited, just as we now 
talk of the British poets, meaning their writings ; 

or of reading Dickens, when we mean reading his 

novels ? 

Percy's derivation has probably obtained such 
currency, because it was the only one. It is not 
in itself highly probable, as one or two facts will 
show. In none of the hundred references to the 
mysteries or miracle-plays which are to be found 
in our old writers, are they spoken of as mysteri- 
ous. Nor were the "most mysterious subjects 
frequently chosen." Lists of the subjects of some 

of these ancient plays, which are still extant, prove 
that those parts of scripture history were usuallv 
selected which afforded most scope for material 
representation and dramatic effect. Even when 
the mysteries 

the mysteries of religion were introduced, they 
were introduced in as visible a form as possible. 


L. C. MlALL. 

aHutcrr flotzg 

Sir John Davies and Kobert Montgomery. 

m In Macaulay's essay on Montgomery's poems 
is the following well-known passage : 

"We 'would not be understood, however, to sav that 
31 r. Kobert .Montgomery cannot make similitudes for 
himself. A very few lines further on we find one which 
has every mark of originality, and on which, we will bo 
bound none of the poets whom he has plundered will 
ever think of making reprisals : 

1 The soul, aspiring, pants its source to mount, 
As streams meander level with their fount.' 

" We take this to be on the whole the worst similitude 
in the world. In the first place, no stream meanders, or 
can possibly meander level with its fount. In the next 
place, if streams did meander level with their founts, no 
two motions can be less like each other than that of 
meandering level and that of mounting upwards." 


been suggested that the similitude 


in question, so far from being original, is stolen, 
and "marred in the stealing," from Sir John 
Davies' s Immortality of the Soul (about a.d. 1600)? 
n that fine poem, the author, adducing proofs of 
the immortality of the soul from its own constitu- 
tion, urges that its divine origin is shown by its 
constant aspiration after perfection, for that things 
have a natural tendency to rise to the level of 
their source : 

"Againe, how can shee (?. e. the soul) but immortall bee, 
When with the motions of both will and wit 
She still aspireth to eternitie, 
And never rests till shee attaine to it? 

"Water in conduit-pipes can rise no higher 
Than the well-head from whence it first doth spring: 
Then since to eternall God she doth aspire, 
Shee cannot be but an eternall thing." 

It seems scarcely possible that Montgomery had 
not these lines in memory when he wrote that re- 
nowned distich, which he made the " worst simili- 
tude in the world" by his careless and common- 

place language. 

Alrewas, Lichfield. 

Misapplication of Terms. 

Alfred Ainger. 


lady being 

asked how she liked a discourse delivered by the 
Hon. and Rev. John North, said that "he was a 
handsome man, and had pretty doctrine." (North's 
Life.) I once heard the italicised term applied 
by a male tourist to the Falls of Niagara. 

D. M. Stevens. 


Autobiography of Miss Cornelia Knight : 
Errata. — As this work has reached a third 
edition, with several errata uncorrected, I send 

vol. ii. (3rd edition), 
Lord St. Vincent comes to London to " consult 
Clive and Sir Edward Home" These names 
should be "Cline" and "Sir Everard Home." 
Clive for Cline occurs, passim. P. 105, "The 
National Guards had nosegays on their bouquets": 
evidently "bayonets." P. 116, Lord Petre is 
twice called "Petrie." P. 154, at Paris in 1826, 
Madlle. Delphine Gay is made to recite a poem 
on "The triumphal Entry of King Alfred": 
query, "Henry"? P. 130, Pistrucci, the well- 
known medallist, is called Pistrucci ; but this may 

the following : 

be a mere error of the press. 


The following 

early notice of a 

lottery is taken from the Wells corporate Records, 
under date 15th Oct., 10th Elizabeth: 

" At this Convoc'on the M'r and his brethrene w'the 
the condiscent of all the burgesses, hath fully agreed 


3 rd S. I. Feb. 8, '62. ] 



that evV occupacon w'thin the Towne aforesayde shall 
make their lotts for the Lottery accordynge, as well to 
the Queene's Ma'ty's p'clamacon as to her p'vy L'res as- 

signed in that behalf." 

Missing, or dislocated Documents. 

In a. 


papers in the State Paper Office, or as it was then 
called the " Paper Office," do not appear to have 
been so sedulously preserved formerly as in the 
present day. Cromwell, notwithstanding all that 
has been hurled upon him by his enemies as to 
the reckless destruction of muniments by his sol- 
diery, cannot bear the culpability of a careless 
disregard of public documents during the brief 
period of his power. No better or more careful 
series of papers can be found than those of the 
Council of State during the Interregnum. Whether 
in the period anterior to the Protectorate, or dur- 
ing the first few years of the then troublous times, 
papers began to be lent out indiscriminately to in- 
dividuals, is not certain ; but it appears evident 
by the following order that the Council of State 
deemed it expedient to place their veto upon such 
a laxity of public trust. The practice referred 
to below is not at all unlikely to account for 
missing or lost papers : 

" Monday, y° 2 of February, 1651. 

11 That M r Randolph, keeper of the Taper Office in 
Whitehall, bee required to call for such papers as have 
beene by him lent out of the Paper Office to any person 
to bee returned backe againe into the office, and' that for 
the future hee doe not give out any papers but by order 
of the Parlam*, or Councell, or Comittee of the Councell 
for forreigne affaires; and that he doe w th all convenient 
speed make an inventory of all such papers and write- 
in gs as are in his custody, and tender the same to the 



Lengthened Tenure of a Living. — My great 
grand uncle the Rev. John Higgon, was presented 
to the living of Landowror, in Carmarthenshire, by 
Sir John Philipps, Bart., of Picton Castle, in 1761. 
Mr. Higgon held the living until the period of his 
death in 1813, at the aire of 93. The living was 
then given by Lord Milford, son of Sir John 
Philipps, to the Rev. Thomas Martin, who still 
holds it. The right of presentation, therefore, has 
only been exercised once in a century. 

John Pavin Phillips. 



I am quite aware 

that in the English language bonfire becomes bone- 
fire by exuberance of spelling only, and by no 
connection of fact or etymology. But this seems 
true of the English language only. The Irish 
language has the word (in a native form) bone- 
tire, and uses it also for fo/i-fire. Conor O'Sul- 
livan (a seditious bard of the early part of the 
last century), in a poem foretelling an outbreak of 
his countrymen, encourages them to make the 

following amongst other preparations for the happy 

" Deantar cnaimh-theinnte, agus seid stoc na pibe," &c. 

This being interpreted means, 

" Let 6owe-fires be made and the bagpipe blow," &c. 

The curious reader will find the entire poem in 
Mr. John O'Daly's Poets and Poetry of Munster 

at p. 256 of the first volume. 

H. C. C 

"Adeste Fideles." — I have just read the 
following account regarding this hymn : 

" The Adeste Fideles, although really a composition by 
an Englishman named John Reading (who also wrote 
Dulce Domum), obtained the name of 'The Portuguese 
Hymn,' from its having been heard by the Duke of 
Leeds at the Portuguese Chapel, who imagined it to be 
peculiar to the service in Portugal. Being a Director of 
the Ancient Concerts, his Grace introduced the melody 
there ; and it speedily became popular, under the title 
he had given it." 

The above account was written by a daughter 
of the late Vincent JSTovello, who was organist at 
the Portuguese Chapel, it should therefore be of 
authority. But is it the generally received 


theory ? 



Noble's Memoirs of the Cromwell Family there is 
an engraving representing the arms of the Crom- 
wells at Hinchinbrooke House, among which is 
the coat of Cromwell impaling, quarterly, 1st and 
4th az., 3 acorns (slipped and leaved) or ; 2nd and 
3rd arg., a bull's head couped sa. armed or. Over 
all on an inescutcheon arg., a lion rampant re- 
guardantvert, crowned. This 



Sir Henry Cromwell, impaling those of his wife, 
Joan Warren*, with a coat of pretence for Trelake 
alias Davy. If this were so, the arms of Davy 
would have been borne quarterly by Joan, and 
not in pretence. It appears, however, from Prest- 
wicb, that the arms of Warren, as borne on one of 
the banner-rolls at the state funeral of the Protec- 
tor, were or, a chevron between 3 eagles' heads erased 
sable.f Whilst Stovve {Survey, ed. 1633, p. 581), 
and also Heylin, in his Arms of the Lord Mayors, 
describes the arms of Sir R. Warren as az., on a 

chev. engrailed between 3 lozenges or 


as many 


griffins' heads erased of the field ; 

cheeky of the 3rd and gules, a greyhound courant 

collared or, which has much the appearance of 

* Joan, daughter and heir of Sir Ralph Warren, Knt., 
Lord Mayor of London in 153fi, and part of 1543, by 
Joan, daughter and coheiress of John Trelake, alias Davy 
of Cornwall. 

f Prestwich's Bcspublica, p. 186 ; Burke's Armoury 
gives to Warren of London, or, a chev. between 3 griffins' 
heads erased sa., which coat was also at Hinchinbrooke, and 
is engraved on the same plate in Noble. 




[3'd S. I. Feb. 8, '62. 

the " Ilenry-the-Eighth " modification of the ooat not always, indicative of illegitimate descent. S 

mentioned by Prestwich. Now I cannot help 
thinking that the impalement in question is a 
foreign °oat, and I should at once have assigned 
it to^Palavicini, an Italian family connected with 
the Cromwells, had not Blome in his Britannia 

aved the arms of Paravicin (as he calls it) as 
" apelican, colours unknown." * 

As, therefore, it is clear that Noble was in error 
in assigning the coat to Warren, the question 
arises — to °vhom did it belong? And I hope, 


Q." to solve this 
question, which is one of no mean importance to 
vie personally, and is, I venture to think, one of 
some little interest to the jjenealogieal world. 



Arnenian t Society.— Can any of your readers 
inform me where a list of the members of the 
Arnenian Society, of the latter part of the last 
century, can be seen. Are any still living ? 

S. II. Angier. 

15, Hyde Park Gate, South. 

Baldwin Family : Sir Clement Farniiam. 
I am exceedingly indebted to your correspon- 
dent W. P. for his lucid answer to my Query re- 
specting the ofllce of Comptroller of the Works, 
as held by my ancestor Thomas Baldwyn. I 
should be very glad to receive any information 

Francis Bryan was orator at Rome in 1529, am- 
bassador in France in the same year, and to the 
emperor in 1543. As early as 1526 he was cup- 
bearer to Henry VIII., and master of the noble 
youths termed the King's henchmen : and the 
following interesting testimony to his qualifica- 
tions for the latter office is given by Roger As- 
cham : " Some men being never so old, and spent 
by years, will still be full of youthful conditions : 
as was Sir Francis Bryan, and evermore would 
have been." {The Sc hole master , Second Book,) 
As a poet, Sir Francis Bryan has been noticed by 
Mr. J. Payne Collier, in the Archceologia, vol. 
xxvi., and by Mr. Robert 




1854; p. 231. The 

latter terms him " nephew to Lord Berners, the 
translator of Froissart." How was that ? It does 
not appear in the account of the Berners family 

Dormant and Extinct 13 

ii. 50. 



Engraved Heads. — I have the six en^ravin^s 

by Thomas Frye (Hatton Garden, 1760), which 
are thus mentioned by Edwards in his Anecdotes 

of Painters : 

" Of his (Frye's) mezzotinto productions, there are 
heads as lar^e as Jife : one of them is the portrait of 
artist himself.'' 


The head referred to is distinguishable bv the 


respecting any other members of the old Hert- word ipse % but the"! others (f 

fordshire family of Baldwyn, or Baldwin, of which 
the said Thomas was a member. A cousin of his, 
Catharine Baldwyn, married Sir Clement Ffarn- 
ham, or Farnham, Knt., as appears from some old 
Chancery pleadings in my possession. Is any- 
thing known of this Sir Clement, and why he 
received the honour of knighthood? Is there 
any other old family of Baldwin existing at the 
present time, and in what county, and what are 
the arms borne by its members? 

F. C. F. 



I shall feel mucl 


obliged to any 'one w r ho can inform me whether 
these are portraits, and if so, of whom ? 

Charles Wylie. 

Family of Dowson or Chester. 


by Bandle Holme, in the British Museum, among 
several coats of arms, chiefly of Cheshire gentry, 
occurs a sketch of the following, headed "Dowsoi 

Sir Francis Bryan. 

Is anything known of 

the parentage of Sir Francis Bryan, who was 

knighted by the Earl of Surrey in Brittany in . -- , 

1522, and died in lo50, Marshal of Ireland, after the parish of Woodchurch, in 1641, when John 

of Chester": Argent, two pales sable; over all 
a chevron gules ; on a canton of the last, five 
bezants. There is no note or pedigree attached. 
Can any Cheshire or Lancashire antiquary oblige 
me with information respecting this family of 
Dowson ? The name occurs, in connexion with 

having married for his second wife Joan Countess 

Dowager of Ormonde ? His arms and standard 

will be found 


from the MS. I. 2, in the College of Arms; and 
the former were^ Argent, three piles wavy meeting 
in base vert, within a bordure engrailed azure 

and Symon Dowson were living there. 


Jacob Fletcher. 

In Smithers's History of 

Liverpool, published about 1824, there is a Cata- 
logue of Liverpool authors. In that list I found 
the name Jacob Fletcher, author of several dra- 

bezantee. This coat is attributed to « Brvan of m . atlc P ieces - Can any Liverpool correspondent 

Bedfordshire/' in Burke's General Armory but iT "ft . aCCOU 1 llt of l he author > the tltIe * anil 
the name does not occur under that county in dates ^ fhls ^orks, &c. &c. Zeta. 

Sims's Index to the Heralds' Visitations. A bor- 
dure engrailed was a difference sometimes, but 

Greek Orator. — I heard it said the other 


"•"""^ \J ±\. rt. x \J a, . X. J1CUH..I 111 BillU tuu UlUC 

day that a Greek orator once began " a speech 

m „ .. with a phrase that is a precise equivalent to those 

Noble, ,ii i 214; Berry (Ency. Herald.) gives the arms well-worn English words: "Unaccustomed as I 

1 aravmm, gu., a goose arc.'? nm in nnhlio c^onl-;™ " T L™ u™„ „<■ c„ — 

am to public speaking." I have been at some 


'd S. L Feb. 8, 'C2.] 



trouble to verify this statement, and have failed. 
Will some of your readers help me ? K. P, D. E. 

Ikon. — I shall be glad of the etymology of 
this vocable, which is found a3 a termination of 
many local names in Switzerland : as Attikon, 
Bubicon, Danikon, Dietikon, ElFretikon, Eschli- 
kon, Islikon, Nanikon, Nebikon, Oberlikon, Pfaf- 
fikon, Russikon, Schmerikon, Wetzikon or Wezi- 
l;on. Is it from ecke % a corner, or from wic ? or 

whence ? 

11. S. Ciiarnock. 

Jones of Dingestow. — In 35 Elizabeth, the 
arms — Azure, 3 talbots* heads erased, argent 
were confirmed to Walter Jones, Esq., of Dinges- 
tow, Monmouthshire, as the arms of his ancestors. 
Will anyone oblige by some earlier account of 
this bearing, and the family who used it ? H. W. 

Passage in Cicero. — Von Kaumer, in his 
Palastina (p. 22), quotes a saying of Cicero's 
(without reference) to the effect, that the God of 
the Jews must have been an insignificant deity, 
as he had confined his people to so small a coun- 
try. I have been unable to discover this quota- 

and shall be grateful to anyone who can 



point it out. 

Rutland : County or Siiire ? — Is the latter 
incorrect ? And if 


why ? Is it true that 
formerly Rutland had no sheriff, and would that 
have any bearing on the question ? What, if any, 
is the difference between a county or shire? 

Eliot Montauban. 


Satin Bank Note. — I have a pretended bank 
note, partly printed on, and partly woven into, a 
piece of bluish-white satin ribbon of the requisite 
width : 


Bank, No. 


I promise to pay to or Bearer, 

on demand, the Sum of One 

London, the 
For the 

dav of 


Gov. and Comp. of the 


is printed, all but the word One, which is 
woven ; and also a still larger One, which is 
woven in pink, and corresponds in situation with 
the large black and white number on a bank 
note. " Winchester St. 17th March," is in writ- 
ing on the upper part of the note. Is this a squib, 
or what ? A good many must have been woven 
to make it worth while to do so. P. P. 

Shakespeake Family Pedigree. — I haveTa 
pedigree of the family of the Shakespeares by 
John Jordan, of Stratford, 1796, engraved on a 

Tt has 

4to page. What book does it belong to ? 

been published since Jordan's time, as it is brought 

down to 1818. Sennoke. 

Shoe nailed to Mast. — 

11 Having beat up successfully the windward passage, 

we stretched to the northward ; and falling in with a 
westerly wind, in eight weeks arrived in soundings, and 
in ten days after made the Lizard. It is impossible to 
express the joy I felt at the sight of English ground ! 
Don Rodrigo was not unmoved, and Strap shed tears of 
gladness. The sailors profited by our satisfaction: the 
shoe that was nailed to the mast being quite filled with 
our liberality." — Roderick Random, chap, lxvii. 

Query, Does this custom of the shoe .« 
ship-board, and on such occasions still ? 


West Street Chapel. — It would be a great 
favour if any one would tell me, either through 

N. & Q." or privately, where I may find an 

account of West Street Chapel, St. Giles's-in-the- 

Fields. I want the history of it previous to 1743, 

when it was rented by John Wesley. In large 

histories of the parish and of London, no mention 

is made of this old building. R. W. Dibdin. 

62, Torrington Square, \V. C. 

"How many Beans make Five?" — I have 

heard this expression made use of by several per- 
sons, and I believe it is used in various counties 
more or less. Some explain it as "being up to 

a thinir or two " : some as " the man of the 
world." Can you explain its origin and meaning ? 


[The phrase in full is, "He knows how many bean3 
make five; " that is, as our correspondent suggests, he is 
"up to a thing or two." Perhaps we may obtain a 
clearer view of the true import of this expression, by 
comparing it with that other saying, "He knows how 
many go to the dozen,"/, e. in buying a dozen he knows 
how many he ought to have "//*." For instance, the 
huckster in Old London, who bought loaves of the 
baker to sell again from door to door, knew that for every 
twelve loaves he paid for he was entitled to thirteen, 
which was therefore called a "baker's dozen," the odd 
one being the retailer's profit. In like manner with regard 
to the phrase, " He knows how many beans make five." 
Suppose him to buy a load or wey, which is five quarters: 
he knows what is the extra allowance usual in the trade 

say a sack over — and takes care to get it. Either he 
must have this regular allowance, or he will not take the 
beans. He is not going to be put off with a bare five 
quarters and nothing more. In this sense, " He knows 
how many beans make five" will mean "He is not 
easily taken in ; he knows what he is about when he 
makes a purchase." 

A classical explanation, however, has been offered. 
The Greeks occasionally used beans in voting for candi- 
dates at elections. Suppose there are five vacancies, and 
many competitors. The man who best knows how the 
votes (or beans) are likely to go, is the best able to name 
the five successful candidates. He is the man, also, who 
can best calculate " how many beans " are requisite, to 
set the five at the head of the poll. This then is the in- 
dividual who knows " how many beans will make five." 

This explanation may be deemed a little far-fetched. 
In the Italian language, however, Java (a bean) some- 
times stands for niente, that is, nil, a mere nothing. 

" Tutto e fava," " It's all nothing." In this sense the 




[S'd S. I. Feb. 8, '62 

query, " How many beans make five ? " would become 
" How many noughts make five? " — one of those* posing 
questions with which wiseacres delight to dumfound and 
puzzle noisy little boys, like " How many stars will fill 

Christening Bowls..— A recent number of 
44 N. & Q." contained some particulars upon Apos- 
tle-spoons. Can any reader supply information 
upon the kindred subject of christening bowls ? 
F L. L. D. 


[We find more frequent allusions in old writers to 
apostles' spoons than to bowls as presents. ^ In fact, ac- 
cording to Howe's edition of Stow's Chronicle, 1631, p. 
1039. before the reign of James I., at baptisms the spon- 
sors used to give christening shirts, "with little bands or 
cuffs, wrought with silk or^blue thread; but afterwards 
thev gave spoons, cups, &c. Shakspeare, who was god- 
father to one of Ben Jonson's children, gave "a douzen 
of Latten spoons." In the Comforts of Wooing, p. 163 
(quoted by Brand), "The godmother hearing when the 
child was" to be coated, brings it a gilt coral, a silver 
spoon, and porringer, and a brave new tankard of the 
same metal." According to Shipman (Gossips, 1666), 
the custom of making presents at baptisms declined in 
the time of the Commonwealth : 

"Formerly, when they us'd to trowl 
Gilt bowls of sack, they gave the bowl 
Two spoons at least — an use ill kept 
'Tis well if now our own be left." 

Pepys, however, observed the custom : — ■ " Nov. 26, 1667. 
At my goldsmith's, bought a basin for my wife to give 
the Parson's child, to which the other day she was god- 
mother. It cost me 10/. lis. besides graving, which I 
do with the cvpher of the name, Daniel Mills."] 

The Modern British Coinage. 




the date of the present system of English coinage, 
as divided into pound?, shillings, and pence? 

L. L.D. 

[Henry VII. 1489, issued the double ryal, or sovereign 
of 20s., accompanied by the double sovereign of 40s. In 
1T)44, Henry VIII. struck sovereigns of the former value 
of 20s., and half-sovereigns in proportion. In 1817, 
sovereigns and half-sovereigns of 20s. and 10s. each, were 
again coined, and the guineas and half-guineas were gra- 
dually withdrawn from circulation. — The settling was a 
denomination of money in Saxon times. The testoon, or 
shilling, was first coined by Henry VII. in 1508. — In 
point of antiquity the penny is the oldest of the three. 
Before half-pence were coined, it was an integer, a silver 
piece, and had bean such for ages. It first appears as a 
silver coin in the laws of Iua, King of the West Saxons, 
who began his reign in 68*. Provincial coins and trades- 
men's tokens were superseded by an issue of lawful cop- 
per pennies on June 26, 171)7. Consult Rudingr's Annals 

of Coinage, 4to, 1810, passim.'] 

" England's Black Tribunall." 



inform me as to the value of a curious work, 
which I discovered the other day among some 
very old family books? It is entitled England's 
Black Tribunall, and consists of two parts; the 
first, containing a full account of the trial and 
execution of King Charles L, with a portrait of 
that monarch, and an elegy on his death, com- 


" Come, come, let's mourn : all eyes that see this day, 
Melt into shower?, and weep yourselves away," &c. 

The second, the several 

peeches of 

nobility and gentry who suffered death for their 
loyalty to their sovereign. At Jl 

author of the lines 
original and curious. 

title-page is written, " London : Printed for J. 
Play ford, 1660." I should like to kirow the real 

in question, which are very 

H. C. F. (Herts.) 

[This work has all the appearance of being the com- 
pilation of J. Playford, the bookseller, and " The Eli- 
gie"one of those fly-sheets so numerous just after the 
murder of the king. At p. 51 of the third edition, cor- 
rected and enlarged (Lond. 8vo, 1680), instead of the 
letter written by King Charles to his son the Prince 
from Newport, Nov. 29, 1648, which is omitted, there are 
inserted "His Majestie's Prayers in the time of his Re- 
straint," immediately before " The Eligie." At the end 
of this work will be found " The manner of the execution 
of the reverend Dr. John Hewyt, on the scaffold, on 
Tuesday, 8th June, 1658, with his Speech before his 
death. Also, Dr. John Hewit's Letter to Dr. Wilde on 
Monday, June 7, 1658, being the day before he suffered 
death, and read by Dr. Wilde at his Funerall." This 
work only fetched 5s. at the Roxburghe sale. The edi- 
tion of 1671 is an abridgment, and does not contain Part 

" Champagne to the mast head." — What is 

the meaning or origin of this phrase which one 
often hears in reference to a plentiful supply of 

the wine at table ? S. 


[We have heard the expressions " Swimming in cham- 
pagne, 5 ' and "We drank champagne enough to float a 
ship." But we suspect that like champagne itself, the 
phrase "Champagne to the mast head" has not come 
into common use. It may probably be regarded as an 
extension or exaggeration of the expressions which we 
have cited.] 

Barometers first made. — In North's Life it 
is stated that barometers were first made and sold 



Jones, a noted clockmaker in the Inner 
Temple Gate, at the instance of the Lord Keeper 
Guildford. Is this the generally received opinion ? 

D. M. Stevens. 


[The Mr. Jones above referred to may possibly have 
been the first Englishman to construct a Torricellian 
tube, as the barometer was originally called, after its in- 
ventor, Evangelista Torricelli, the illustrious mathemati- 

cian and philosopher of Italy; who, between the years 
1611 and 1G47, discovered the method of ascertaining the 
weight of the atmosphere by a proportionate column of 


Gray's " Elegy " parodied. — Where can I 
find in print a parody upon Gray's Elegy in a 
Country Churchyard, written, I believe, by Mr, 
Duneombe, under the title of An Evening Con- 
templation in a College ? I have an impression of 
having seen it, many years ago, in some collection 
of poems, which must have been printed, I think, 
after the original Elegy appeared in Dodsley's 
Collection, 1755, and some time before the close 
of that century. H. E. 

[" An Evening Contemplation in a College " is printed, 
without any author's name, in the 2nd vol. of The Repcsi- 

3 rd S. I. Feb. 8, '62.] 



tory; a Select Collection of Fugitive Pieces of Wit and 
Humour in Prose and Verse (2nd ed. 1783, pp. 71-76.) 
In the same volume will be found Gray's beautiful ode, 
and three other parodies or imitations of it; namely, 
" An Elegy written in Covent Garden," " The Nunnery ; 






S. xii. 364, 444, 464, 522, 3 rd S. i. 59.) 


(3 rd S. i. 87.) 

Few, I think, will have read the suggestions 
lately thrown out respecting a memorial for the 
late Prince Consort, without hoping that the pro- 
posed memorial may take the form of a Univer- 
sity in English Literature, Science, and Art ; or 
else some such an Order of Merit as the one re- 
correspondent Mr. J. W. 
Bryans. The nation has long felt both these 

ferred to by your 




towards encouraging science by establishing its 
bachelor's and doctor's degrees in that branch of 
learning. Yet this has been but little. Owing 
to the necessity of first matriculating in 
many who could pass in all the scientific subjects 
are prevented from presenting themselves as can- 

The suggestion respecting an Albert Cross, or 
some Order of Merit, is worthy of serious consider- 
ation. " They manage these things better in 
France"; and though we may have sneered at 
the way in which our Gallic neighbours fill the 
ranks of their Legion of Honour, we have felt 
that a similar distinction would be a very good 
thing amongst ourselves. Mr. Thackeray, in one 
of his witty " Roundabout Papers," treats us to 
an amusing disquisition on what might have been 
if the proposed order of Minerva had ever come 
into existence. And though we cannot repress a 

as Mr. Buckton and F. C. H. assert, the 
name Isabella was first used in Europe in Spain or 
Portugal, may it not have been borrowed from the 
Moors? This idea suggested itself to me as soon 
as I had read Mr. Buckton's article, in which he 
disposes of the question in a somewhat summary 
and arbitrary manner ; and I therefore at once 
wrote to Mr. Catafago (who is a native of Syria) 
and asked him, without mentioning, or even allud- 
ing to, the name Jezebel, whether there was in 
Arabic any equivalent for our name Isabella, and 
if so, whether such equivalent was of recent intro- 
duction, or of ancient date. I give the first few 
lines of his reply verbatim : " In answer to your 
letter I must state that we have the name Isabella 

in Arabic, which is A\i\\ (Izbul*). This name 

is very old, and it is mentioned in the Bible, 
1 Kings xxi. 5." I have since seen Mr. Catafago, 
and he assures me that this name Izbal is still 
used as a woman's name in Syria and Egypt, al- 
though it is by no means so common as Mary, 
Martha, or Elizabeth, which last is in Arabic 

LLdl (Elisabat).f 

• •• 

It is therefore clear that those Syrians and 
Egyptians who are acquainted with any European 
language in which Isabella (in one or other of its 
forms) is made use of, regard it as the equivalent 
of their name Izbcd, which is used in the Arabic 

version of the Old Testament to express /3TK 

(Izebel\), and which has probably not been bor- 
rowed from the Hebrew, but been preserved, in 
southern Syria (Palestine) at least, since the days 
of the woman who rendered it infamous. If, there- 
fore, the name is still used in Arabic, it is no doubt 

sm7le~at~Sir AlexTs Soyer and slr^KomarSayers" j ^™f '*£ ££"** %™^J!Tr™* ™t 
we are obliged to confess that there could be no 
nobler and better memorial to the ereat and good 

We have honours enough 

Prince than the two suggested, if fully and fairly 
carried out. 

The difficulty, of course, is to get the mattet 
properly taken up 

already existing for our fortunate lawyers, states- 
men, and military officers. What we want is 
some distinction so valuable that our highest lite- 
rary and scientific men might be proud to bear 
it, with lower grades, which would prove an at- 
traction to the cleverer members of the struggling 
middle classes, and which as rewards of merit 
they might hope to obtain. 

Your Magazine is hardly the place for dis- 
cussing this subject; yet should the latter of 
these suggestions be ever adopted, it will be no 
small honour, amongst its other successes, that 
the idea was first brought forward in the pages of 



because the Syrians or others wished, from any 
admiration of that woman, to perpetuate her name. 
In the same way we still use Henry and Mary, al- 
though these names were borne by two sovereigns 
whom mcst of us do not revere. 

But, some one may say, even if the Moors car- 
ried the name with them into Spain and Portugal 
(as they naturally must have clone), is it likely 
that the Christians would adopt the name of one 
they so abhorredf? I reply that, if they did adopt 
it, they probably did so unwittingly. The Portu- 
guese write Jezebel^ Jezabel, which I suppose they 
would pronounce Yezabel, whilst their equivalent 
for Elizabeth is Isabel. In the same way, there- 
fore, that in England the name Jezebel seems but 
to few (in consequence of the difference in pro- 
nunciation) to have any connection with Isabel, so 
in Portugal there must, I think, be many who do 

Pronounced Izbdhl. f Pronounced Eleessahbaht. 

% Pronounced Eezevel, and = our Jezebri. 




[3'd S. 1. Feb. 8, '62. 

not dream of any connection between their two 
names, Jezabel and Isabel. When, therefore/ the 
inhabitants of the Spanish Peninsula heard from 
the Moors the name Izbal, is it improbable that 
they would not recognise in it a name which they 
were in the habit of calling Jezabel? 

In conclusion, that the Portuguese use Isabel as 

the equivalent of El 

as I said before, 

no proof that the two names are of common origin. 
Izbfil* resembles 


Portuguese f< 
(or Eltsabef) 

as much 
(as Mr. Buckton asserts) the 
; natural to curtail Elisabeth 
sabel, they surely would not 
as an abbreviation of Elisa- 

beth a name (Izbdl or Isabel) which they found 
ready made for them. 

According to my theory then, Elizabeth (or 
Elisabeta, as the name, did it exist, would pro- 
bably be written in Span, or Port.) and Isabel 
(derived from Izbdl or Izebel) ran on for a time 
together as distinct names, but ultimately coalesced, 
the latter beinjj in the first instance used indiffer- 

ently with the former — as soon, namely, as it was 
perceived to form a convenient abbreviation for it 
and ultimately superseding it altogether. 

F. Chance. 

Elisa, Phoenician. 

syz, Greek. 

Elisabe, Syriac and Hebrew. 

Elisabet, Greek. 

Elisabctha, Italian and French. 

Elisabella, Italian. 

El rejected, Isabella, Portuguese. 
Thus the identity of Isabel and Elisabetl 

clear as day to 

1 is 



(3 rd S. i. 56.) 

m Being far away from books and papers of every 
kind, lean only give from memory a few results 
of an investigation I made last July on reading 

Izbul is very Arabic in form. It differs from the He- 
brew (Izebel) in the absence of the middle vowel and in 
the prolongation of the final syllable. These charactar- 
istic differences would naturally vanish on the introduc- 
tion of the word into Span, or Port., and Izbal would, bv 
the obliteration of its Arabian features, readily become 
Izabel or Isabel. But the Portuguese or Spaniards might 
even have borrowed the name Isabel from the Jews, whose 
pronunciation of ^J\S Izebel (or Eezevel) would appear 
to them very different from their own of Jezabel 

wLj^ * P rr V?, ^ theform f"' st used i» Portugal 

r.f?i -ill if l ^ ( u aftCr thG Vul -) and " ot EliZbe 
(after he Iebr which would be less known), so that if 

tt fiijn ?"" de V V - C< J fr0m thi3 sour <*,the final th must 
a p b changed into an /, and not merely an I added 
at the end, as Mr. Bucrtox savs. 

the note about Fordun's citation from the above 
work. It affords one of the many proofs how very 
much we still want a reference book on the lite- 
rature of the Middle Ages; not a compilation 
from compilations, but'a work based on an actual 
examination of the books themselves. 

le of MSS. 



(Oxon. 1697, 2 vols, folio), and those of tt 
tonian, Harleian, Sloane, Old Royal, and 
tionai MSS. in the Museum, and any others that 
came to hand, especially M. Paulin Paris's Cata- 
logue of French MSS. in the Imperial Library; 
and these, together with Wenrich's work cited by 
Sir George Lewis, and Fluogers invaluable edition 


bic literature, and the^orclinary books of reference, 
supplied almost as much as could be obtained with- 
out looking at every known copy of the work 
itself. All within reach at Cambridge, however, 
I did examine. 

The result appeared to be that all the versions 



t — i 

In the Latin 

there are some discrepancies in the prefatory 
matter, but most copies agree in having a dedi- 
cation, in which we are told that the trnnslation 
was made from an Arabic copy found in the East 
by one Philippus, who styles himself clericus, at 
the suggestion of Guido de Valentia, Bishop of 
Tripoli, to whom it is dedicated. These circum- 
stances, interpreted by the fact that M. Paulin 
Paris mentions a Latin copy at Paris, probably 


the East in the thirteenth century, would lead us 
to suppose Guido to have been a Latin Bishop of 
Tripoli in Syria during the crusading period. I 
was unable to find a list of such bishops (though 
I dare say such is to be had), and Antonio and 
other Spanish authorities, though they mention 
Philippus, give no more information than we had 

before. So that here at least there is room for 

Further : the Latin copies seem to agree in 
having a preface, from which we learn that the 



the desiie of his sovereign, by Joannes filius 
Patricii, who found the Greek original in the 

adytum of some heathen 



and translated it into 
Syriac and thence afterwards into Arabic. On 
searching Hajji Khalfa for translations of Aris- 
totle I found that Jahja ibn Batrik was one of 
the leading literati at the court of Al Mamun, 
the son of Ilarun Al Rashid, and that he trans- 
lated many of Aristotle's works, and what may be 
this very work, the Kitab al Iliyaset, is mentioned 
among them. The Syriac seems to have perished ; 
and no doubt the Ltebrew and Persian versions 

3'd S. I. Fer. 8, '62.] 1 



Reg i mine 

which now exist, were made from the Arabic. 
But here arises a question which none but an 
Arabic scholar can solve, and I fear we have not 
many now who would think this worth the trouble, 
as nothing but a patient examination of the various 
copies can help us. The Arabic title would do as 
well for the Politics as for the De 
Principum ; and what means have we of distin- 
guishing these ? The matter is still further com- 
plicated by the existence of another Arabic version 
made not more than three hundred years ago 
of which of the two treatises I will not under- 
take to say. The only clue I can suggest is to 
examine the Arabic copies now existing, and to 
determine which contain the original of the Latin 
De Regimine, so popular with our ancestors, and 
which the original of the vetus translatio of Aris- 
totle's Politics, current in the middle ages, and 
commented on by Walter Burley the English 
philosopher. I cannot help thinking that if this 
were done, we might get some clue to the Greek 
original of the De Regimine, which now seems so 
hopelessly beyond our reach. At first sight there 
is no ground for doubting the account of Jahja 
ibn Batrik, that he found the Greek and trans- 
lated it ; and though modern scholars, Fabricius 
and others, express no doubt of the spuriousness 
of the treatise, it is generally rather taken for 
granted than discussed. I did not know of Jour- 
dain's work when I was on the subject, so he may 
have gone into the question, These remarks will 
at least serve to show that it is no easy matter to 
get at the truth on these points. 

Henry Bradsiiaw. 


Trial of S 




"N. & Q." about the trial of Spencer Cowper, it 
is hardly possible that the writers should not be 
aware of the full account of it in Lord Macaulay's 
posthumous volume. But as they have not men- 
tioned it I do so, as no doubt those who wish to be 
acquainted with it will get a livelier idea of it from 
Macaulay than from the journal reports. 


Althorp, 3rd Feb. 1862. 

Fridays, Saints' Days, and Fast Days (2 nd S. 
xii. 463.) — It is said by E. P. C. that a Saint's 
day on a Friday is a fast; but he adduces this as 
a logical argument — am I not right in believing 
that practically it is not to be so kept? 

I would also ask, if an Ember day is a Saint's 

be so also on S. Thomas's day), but these, I be- 
lieve, should not be called fast-days. J. P. S. 

S. i. 68.) — In reply to W. V/s 

i. aT--j_ lL. .1 LL X.1_?„_ It 



Query, I beg to suggest that the word " Jakins, 

or u Jachins, is nothing more than the diminutive 
of " Jaques," equal to our " James," Little James; 
and we trace to the same source the words Jack, 
Jakes, Jex, by an easy transition. 

I should very much doubt the connection be- 
tween the above and the namaof one of the pillars 
of Solomon's Temple, as two different languages 
and totally different periods show no application. 

John Nurse Chadwick. 

King's Lynn. 

IfW. V. will take 


in the one hand, 

and Burke's Armory in the other, he will find 
amongst hundreds of Hebrew names, the follow- 
ing modern synonyms : 

Con i ah 

Cush - 
Cuth - 

Dan nah 

Deker - 


Eden - 
Ekron - 
Elah - 

Elika - 


Hoi on 
Hur - 
Isaac - 

Jack an 

- Cone}*, Coyney. 

- Cosh (Devon). 

- Cutt, Cutts. 

- Danier-s. 

- Decker. 

- Dillon. 

- Dvson. 

- Eden, Iden. 

- Ekring-ton. 
• Elder. 

- Heler-s. 

- Eliseaux (Normandy). 

" Elidyr j (Wales). 

- Ellerker (Yorkshire). 

- Heron. 

- Holland, &c. 

- Ure. 

- Isaac (Devon, temp. Hen. III. 

Matilda, daughter of Robt. 
Bruce, wife of Thomas de 

- Juchen. 

- Jakin-s. 

s for son, ton for town. 

Husbandman (3 





The husband- 

man tills the ground ; the yeoman owns it. The 
yeoman who tills his own land is husbandman as 
well as yeoman. The yeoman is the landed pro- 
prietor, who does not possess the right of gentry. 

Yeoman is rather the 
bandman of occupation. 



Metric Prose (2 nd S. xii. 5 



With all 

deference to Mr. Keightley, whose name is as- 
sociated with some of the pleasantest recollections 
of my childhood, I would suggest that there is 
abundance of u metric prose 



day, should we not observe it as a festival ? In through accident, and not by design, in the pages 

the S. P. C. K. Churchman s Almanack for the pre 
sent year such events are marked as fasts. The 

N. & Q." A very little alteration will reduce 

N. & Q.," to which, 
Society has given me no defence of its having so ; in this note, I refer, into very fairly regular metre* 
mentioned these days in answer to my enquiries 
on the subject. A Saint's day (S. Matthew's) and 

an Ember day occurred on September 21st (it will 

Without alteration they run thus : 

" By metric prose, I mean continuous prose, 
But composed of metric lines of five 





[3'd S. L Feb. 8, >62. 


Feet f which, however, are not restricted to two. 

Of this Chaucer 

Was the inventor, and in it he composed 

Two of his tales, writing them continuously, 

Probably to save paper, while his other prose 

Pieces are mere ordinary prose," &e, &c. 
" The interesting reply of Professor De Morgan 

On this subject suggests the inquiry whether, 
Though a calculus could not be founded on all 
Possible moves at chess, it would be 
Impracticable to frame 
A calculus founded on all the true moves," &c. <*c. 

W. C 
Coins inserted in Tankards (3^ d S. j. 50.) ^ 

I have a glass tankard nine inches in height with 
a coin of George III., 1787, inserted. It is a shil- 

origin and aim of the book, which is admitted to 
be a rarity. Masch refers to Le Long, pp. 703 
and 857; Baumgarten, Nachrichten von Merkw. 
Biich. 7, 101 ; and J. A. Fabricius, Biblioth. Grceca, 
7, 668. A notice of Dolscius is in the Nouvelle 
Biographie Generate, &c. B. H. C. 

He was born at Plauen, in 



E. M. 

I have a small glass tankard enclosing a two- 
penny piece of George I. The reverse was evi- 
dently worn before its insertion in the glass. 

John S. Burn. 


I can offer no opinion as to the coins inserted 
in glass tankards beirur a siirn of the date, or 

and died at Halle, March 9, 1589. He studied at 
the University of Wittemberg, and there formed 
an intimacy with Melanchthon, and zealously sym- 
pathized with his labours in promoting the cause 
of the Reformation. He took a medical degree, 
and adopted medicine as a profession. He wrote 
Greek with great facility. Besides the Psalms of 
David, he translated into that language the Augs- 
burg Confession of Faith. For the above in- 
formation I am indebted to the Nouvelle Bio- 
graphie Generate of Dr. Hoefer. 'AAievs. 


Xavier and Indian Missions (3 rd S. i. 90.) 


gelii toll orbi 


Divinam Gratiam B 

by J. A. Fabricius, gives all the information that 
can be desired as to ancient missions and mission- 

otherwise. I only wish to mention that many literature. Hamburg, 4to, 1731. 

years ago I possessed a glass cup of this kind with 
a sixpence of William and Mary inclosed. The 
cup got broken, and I took out the coin ; I had it 
by me for years, and perhaps have it still. The 
coin was bright and not worn, but of the pattern 
of the glass cup I have no distinct recollection. 

F. C. II. 

J. C. J. imagines that about a century and a 
half ago it was the fashion to insert coins in tan- 

Books on Jesuit missions abound, as the pre- 

See too Bayer's Historic/, Ori- 

eeding will show. 



last vol. ; Missionary Gazetteer, by Chas. Williams, 

London, 1828 ; 
Griffin, London, 18G0; 



kards. I have a handsome 


tankard with a 

sixpence confined, but moveable, in the bottom, 
which bears date the year of my birth, 1787. I 
have seen many, say five or six specimens, some 
with small gold and some with silver coins. Mv 

North India, by M.Wilkinson, London, 1844; 

Handbook of 



opinion is, that it was a fashion from sixty to one 
hundred years ago, but not earlier. 


George Offor. 

Paulus Dolscius : Psalter in Greek Verse 
(3 rd S. i. 68.)— The author was a native of Plauen, 
where he was born in 1526. He studied at Wit- 
tenberg under Melanchthon, who obtained for him 

a place as Master of the Gymnasium, at Halle. . ^ , 

He studied medicine at Padua, and took a degree and published in 1688. 

London, 1848. Some of the societies have pub- 
lished their own histories. But perhaps the Rev. 
Jas. Hough's works on Christianity in India, would 
fully answer your correspondent's requirements 
for Protestant missions. I would particularly 

the first book I named as a key to the old 

B. H. C. 


there, after which he returned to Halle, where he 

literature upon the subject. 

If Mr. Paton will refer to the notice prefixed 
to the " Life of St. Francis Xavier," in the Lives 
of Saints by the Rev. Alban Butler, he will find 
there a copious list of histories of the life and 
labours of the saint. It is also there mentioned 
from what sources his life was chiefly compiled 
by F. Bouhours, which was translated by Dryden 

With respect to other Jesuit missions in India, 

died in 1589, after being inspector of churches, very interesting accounts are given in the cele- 
schools, &c, and a burgomaster. lie wrote a 

Greek version of the Augsburg Confession, and 
the Psalms in Greek elegiacs; the former, pub- 
lished in 1559, and the latter in 1555; both at 
Basel. His Greek verses have sometimes been 
ascribed to Melanchthon, and Masch's Le Long 
says this was the case with the volume E. A. D. 
enquires about. The dedication explains the 


xv., both inclusive, embracing the period from 
1693 to 1705. I presume that the inquirer is 


des Missions de la Chine et des lndes 

Orientates, in 5 vols. Paris, 1818, and the Annates 


de la Propa 

la Foi 

regularly published for several years. 


C. H. 


3* S. L Feb. 8, f 62.] 




The Queen's Pennant (2 nd S. xii. 473.) — It 
is not at all probable that the u Trent " had the 
pennant flying at the time Mason and Slidell were 
forcibly taken possession of, and the British colours 

by the "San Jacinto"; my reason for 
saying so is that I never saw one of the steamers 
belonging to the Royal (West India) Mail Com- 
pany with it hoisted, although both mails and mail 
agent may have been on board. 

The only line of mail steam packets that hoist 
the pennant, is that from Southampton to Lisbon, 
belonging to the Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation Company. These vessels also have 
what I understand to be the Admiralty ensign ; it 
has an anchor and crown on the red ground, in 
which it differs from the usual merchant ensign. 
I have heard that this distinction from all other 
mail packets is allowed in consequence of the Pen- 
insular contract beinir the oldest one in existence 

for steam vessels, and all made since have a clause 
inserted, by which the vessels are not to hoist 
either the pennant or Admiralty ensign. How far 
this is correct I leave for other correspondents to 
decide, but at any rate the subject is worthy of 



Sir Humphry Davy (3 rd S. i. 51.) — The fol- 
lowing may afford some satisfaction to the Query 

of Anti-Pooh-Pooh. It is a copy of an auto- 
graph letter, in my possession, of Sir II. Davy. 
I am ignorant of the gentleman's name to whom 
it was addressed. 

" Sir, 

"23, Grosvenor Street. 

January 13, 1816. 
" I have received the letter you did me the honour to 
address me. I fear the scheme of lighting the coal- 

V- * 

mines by gas will not be practicable, as the miners re- 
quire lights which can be easily moved, and the places of 
which are often changed. I have, however, sent your 
letter to the Editor of the Philosophical Magazine^ as I 
think every ingenious hint that leads to discussion should 
be published. He possibly may insert it in his next, num- 
ber, unless he should hear from you in the course of a 
day or two, that you do not wish it to be published. 

I am much obliged to you for your 

communication, and I hope you will not forbid the pub- 
lication of it. 

" I am, Sir, your obed* humble Serv*, 

" H. Davy." 

Alfred John Strix. 


Topography of Ireland (2 nd S. xii. 474.) 

Your correspondent, who has been examining an 
old map of Ireland, should have his Queries 
answered without much difficulty. I will explain 
those having reference to the north of Ireland, 
leaving the others for some correspondent in the 
localities named. 

Uriel is the ancient name of the county of 

The county of Knockfergus, or Carrickfergus, 

so far from having gone anywhere, is still in exist- 
ence as it was when the old map was made. It is 
properly styled the county of the town of Carriok* 
f'ergus ; has its own sheriff and other officers, its 
fixed boundaries, and long established privileges, 
and is an entirely separate jurisdiction from the 
county of Antrim in the centre of which it lies. 
The history of the very ancient town of Carrick- 
fergus, including that of its county, has been 
written by the late Mr. Samuel M c Skimin, of 
which two editions have been published ; and it is 
one of the very few good works of antiquarian 
and topographical character of which Ireland can 
boast. Indeed, seeing that some works of this 
class are of very small value, with little claims to 
original research or the display of sound judg- 
ment — though, perhaps, produced under the ad- 
vantages of competence and learned leisure, the 
command of documents scarcely obtainable thirty 
years ago even by influential persons, and all but 
inaccessible to those in opposite circumstances 
this work of M c Skimin's, destitute of course of 
documentary treasures discovered since his time, 
but as far as it goes so original, painstaking, and 
trustworthy, must be pronounced a production 
of extraordinary ability : the slender education, 
the position in life, the incompatible occupation 

and other disadvantages of the writer (with 

whom I was well acquainted), being taken into ac- 


Kilmacrenan is a parish and barony in the 
county of Donegal, the ancient territory of 
O'Donnel. The phrase, the meaning of which is 
inquired for, describes the spot on which was 
inaugurated or made the O'Donnel, on becoming 
chief or head of his tribe. Religious and other 
imposing rites accompanied this ceremony, some- 
thing like those attending the crowning of kings 
of greater pretensions. The situation was one 
rendered venerable from its long application to 
the purpose ; but chosen, it is to be presumed, in 
the first instance from its peculiarity, its security, 
central situation, or local beauty. In this instance 
I believe there is a Doune still pointed out near 
the village of Kilmacrenan, as the spot where 
they made the O'Donnel. 

In return for this note, will some contributor 
deep in philology tell me the root of the word 

Doune ? 
Glenravel House, County of Antrim. 

G. B. 

Otiio Vjenius, "Emblemata Horatiana" (3 rd 

S. i. 53.) — Alfred Michiels, in his Rubens et Vecole 
(FAnvers, speaks of the singular mania there was 
in the early part of the reign of Charles I. for 
designing allegories on the most trivial subjects, 
and in which Van Veen also shared. They were 
engraved upon wood or cepper ; published with 
letter-press, and called Emblemata. Michiel 
prints the titles of nine of these whimsical books 




t r [8** S. I. FfiB. 8, '62. 

Van Veen ; among which is the collection 

above named 

Flacci Erriblemala 

Laline, Italicc, Gallice, et Fl 


103 plates. 

Rubens, will be found a letter from Sec. Lord 

Learned Dane on Unicorns (3 rd S. i. 50.) 
The Danish writer inquired for by F. R. is pro- 
bably Thomas Bartholinus, who printed De Uni- 
cornu Observationes riovcc, 12mo, Patavii, 1645, 
with plates. 


Dorchester to his nephew Dudley Carleton, in by Baccius (1598), Fehr (1666) 

reference to this subject. 


Amongst the 
Corporation Records of Henley are some much 
older law bills than those already noticed in " N. 



I give two, which show that presents were 



made to the counsel beyond their fees : 

(1531). " Thys be the costes and charges that I dyd 
lay hout at Myssomer, when that Tom as Poto' fet me 
up w* a supina to Westmester : 

For lying ther viij dayes for myn coste3, and 

for mv horse mete and hvs hyar 
It'm to Master Gypsan my Torne 
It'm for a Cope of hys Complaynt 
It'm to Master Bawden, my Consel - 
It'm to Master Hales for makyng my ansar 
It'm payd to Robert Harpar, at Master War- 
den's commandment for xij capones 




• • • 

11 U 


VI 11 



» w m 


^20 H. 8. "Thes p'cell foloynge payd the iiij th day of 
Xovembur, v. : 

Fyrste by M r Goff, payd to M r Ilorewood 

for the drafte of the anser of Potter 
It'm payd to hys Clarke for wrytyng 
It'm for hys expenses the same ty me 
It'm for ij Swannys p'sentyd unto Mast r 
Sachev'ell and my lady his wyff— pee. - 




• # 

• • • • 

• - 


* ■ ft 

XI 11 

• t • 


- xxxiij 

• % 

iij j 

have been an acknowledgement for some 

The "Master Sacheverell" was Sir Richard, 

the second husband of Lady Hastings, Lady of 

the Manor of Henley. The present of two swans 

favour shown by Sir Richard iifthe suit. About 
1G49 the corporation used to make an annual 
present to Sir James Whitelock (then Lord of 

" " ) 


bis lady two sugar-loaves, price 13,9. Id. 





tionanj of 

this term from crone, and says that the two words 

i * 1 • -* m « 

Worcester, in his Dic- 

1860, derives 

were formerly identical 

thereof the following 

quoting in support 

sentence from Burton : 

11 Marry not an old crony or a fool for money." 


D. M. Stevens. 

• Crone, or Croxey, an old and intimate acquaint- 
ance, a confident; from the Teutonic kronen, to whisper, 
to tell secrets," — Thomson's Etymons of English Words 



See Hist, of Henley, 1861, p. 204. 



(1687). Should F. R. desire it, I 
would give him the full titles of their works. 


The learned Dane, who wrote a treatise on 
the Unicorn, was Thomas Bartholin ; the most 
learned of a learned family, born at Copenhagen 
in 1619. The second edition of this interesting 
and well-illustrated little book, is before me. Its 
title is as follows : 

" Thomas Bartholini de Unicornu Observationes nova). 
Secunda editione, Auctiores et emendatiores, editse a 
Filio Casparo Bartholino. Amstelaedami, apud Henr. 
Wetstenium, clo \o c lxxviil" 

The original edition seems to have been pub- 

lished at Padua in 1645. 

C. W. Bingham. 

Jefferson Davis (3 rd S. i. 49.) — I have al- 
ways understood that the President of the Con- 
federate States derived his name from Thomas 
Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, and third President of the United States. 

D. M. Stevens. 


Sunday Newspapers (3 






practice of distributing religious periodicals gra- 
tuitously among the congregation, as related by 
the Hon. Henry A. Murray in the passage cited 
by K. P. D. E., is not confined to the Presby- 
terians, but is common with the Episcopalians, 
Baptists, and other sects in the United States. 

It should be explained, however, that the papers 
so distributed, are invariably of a purely religious 
character, and are placed in the pews not to be 
read during divine service, but to be taken home 
for perusal. 

Some persons, arriving early, might prefer 
reading these papers to either sitting listlessly, or 
engaging critically in the dissection of their neigh* 
bours* faults or apparel, but the veriest blue in 
Scotland or elsewhere, could scarcely complain of 

D. M. Stevens. 

their motives or manners. 


Col. Thomas Winslow (3 rd S. i. 69.) —The death 
of this officer at the age named by your corre- 
spondent is noticed in the Gentleman s Magazine 
for 1766, and in the Annual Register for the same 

year, but no particulars are given. 


D. M. S 

Arthur Shorter (2 nd S. xii. 521, 3 rd S. i. 59.) 
Of the existence of Arthur Shorter there can 
be no doubt, as the evidence of the fact is in my 
possession, in the handwriting of Sir Erasmus 
Philipps. The Query which I wish to have ans- 





3'<* S. I. Feb. 8, '62.] 



wered is, who was he ? As he is styled by Sir 
Erasmus Philipps in his Diary " Cosin Arthur 
Shorter," the probability is that he was brother to 
Lady Walpole and the Marchioness of Hertford. 

I still invite the attention of correspondents of 

II N. & Q." to the following queries : Was Arthur 
Shorter the son of John Shorter of Bybrook, by 
Elizabeth Philipps? If not, whose son was he? 
Was he married, and did he leave any issue ? 
When did he die ? and what became of the por- 
trait of Sir Erasmus Philipps, which was painted 
for Mr. Shorter, at his request and expense, and 
was sent tojiiin at " the Bath " in 1733 ? 

John Pavin Phillips. 


Paper Money (3 rd S. i. 89.) — The recent ar- 
ticle under this title brought to my recol- 
lection a curiosity of the sort which I have had 
long in my possession, and which may interest 
some of your readers. It is an American bank 
note for twenty shillings, on very strong coarse 
cream-coloured paper, or by possibility once white. 
Its dimensions are three and a half inches by two 
and three-quarter inches. On the face, inclosed 
by a border, is the following inscription, in a curi- 
ous variety of type : 

" Twenty Shillings. This indented Bill shall pass cur- 
rent for Twenty Shillings, according to an Act of General 
Assembly of the counties of Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex, 
upon Delaware, passed in the 15 th year of the reign of 

his Majesty Geo. the 3 d . Dated the l 8t day of Jan. 1776. 



At the upper left-hand corner the royal arms are 
engraved, at the lower right-hand corner is a space 
of size corresponding with engraving, in which are 

three autograph signatures. The number of the 
note is also by the pen, 43415. 

The reverse of the note bears a wheatsheaf, en- 
graved in the centre, surrounded 'on three sides by 

the words " Twenty Shillings," and 

beneath " To 

counterfeit is Death. Printed by James Adams, 


M. F. 

Mutilation of Sepulchral Memorials (2 nd 
S. xii. 174.) — In this borough there is a pathway 
just outside the churchyard of Holy Trinity parish, 
which has been literally paved with tombstones 
taken from the adjoining burial ground. 

D. M. Stevens. 



Liquorice (3 rd S. i. 46.) — The last paragraph 
of Mr. Chance's article probably contains the 
real explanation of the mystery. The semivowels 
frequently interchange; and it has not escaped 

the notice of those astute 

occurs in the $ 


patha-brahmana (written b.c. 1000) ; tl 
of a barbarous horde is thus mentioned : 
Asuras, with 





were overthrown. Instead of he'uaya x 


F. P 

God's Providence is mine Inheritance (3 rd 
S. i. 51.) — The adoption of this motto by the 
first, or " Great Earl of Cork/' as he is generally 
called, is recorded in almost all our Peerages, and 
has become a matter of history. Certainly his 
career sufficiently proved that he did "not trust 
God in vain " ; for it affords one of the most re- 
markable instances on record of temporal pros- 
perity, and of the advancement of a needy adven- 
turer to almost as high and* honourable position 
as it was possible for a subject to attain : himself 
an immensely wealthy earl, with four sons, who 
were also peers, and the fifth the celebrated phi- 
losopher, the Honourable Robert Boyle. 

C. Bingham. 

St. Aulaire (3 rd S. i. 52.) 
the quatrain inquired for : 

" La divinite qui s'amuse 

The following is 

A me demander mon secret, 
Si j'etais Apollon, ne serait point ma Muse; 
Elle serait Thetis, et le jour finirait." 

Biogr. Universale. 




BUZAGLIA, OR BUZAGLO (3 rd S. 1.91.) 

answer given to this Query is evidently founded 
on a misapprehension. There can be no doubt 
that the Buzaglia^ provided for the Toll-house 
Hall at Great Yarmouth in 1784, was a stove; 
such as is mentioned in the following passage of 
the obituary of the Gentleman s Magazine, vol. Iviii. 
p. 562 : 

1788. Aged 72, Mr. Abraham Buzaglo, of Dean 
Street, Soho, inventor of the stove called after his name, 
which he afterwards applied as a cure for the gout, and 
wherein he has been so much exceeded by the late Mr. 



Princess Caroline of Wales 


(3 rd S. i. i 

The Princess of Wales resided at 
e. Blackheath : 

xkheath ; which I presume 
answers the inquiry of D. S. T., although Charl- 
ton is named in the extract he quotes. It was at 
the above house that Sir Walter Scott was pre- 



Charles Wylie. 

The York Buildings Company (2 




) — In the recently published Memorials 
of Angus and Mearns (p. 257), the author, allud- 
ing to the " Panmure Library," states : — 

" Since the accession of the present Peer, the library 

has been enriched by the Inventory and Memorandum 



Southcsk, and Marischal y in 

> have been made for the first time in this work.)" 

Some curious illustrative extracts and notes are 
accordingly given in pages 38, 39, 478. 

William Galloway. 

Reverend John Kettle well (3 rd S. i. 91.) 
I think there can be no doubt that Mrs. Kettle- 




[3 r * S. I. Feb. 8, '62. 


•istian name was Jane. She is so called 

Life of Kettlewell," compiled froifi the 

collections of Dr. Hickes and Robert Nelson, and 

prefixed to the edition of KettleweH's Works, 



published 1719 

(vide p. 41) 

Kettlewell^was buried in the parish church of 
Allhallows, - Barking, near the Tower of London, 
in the same grave where Archbishop Laud was 
before interred, within the rails of the altar (idem. 
p. 187). I should conclude, from this memoir, that 
Mrs. Kettlewell was still alive at the date of its 

John Maclean. 


give a dictionary of 



A Dictionary of the Bible: comprising Antiquities, Bio- 
graphy, Geography, and Natural History. By various 

Writers. Edited by William Smith, LL.D. Parts I. and 

II. (Murray.) 

Mr. Murray has shown good judgment in re -issuing 
this great storehouse of Biblical knowledge in monthly 
parts. There are a great many clergymen and students 
of Holy Scripture who would be glad to enrich their li- 
braries by this most useful and learned work, to whom 
the present mode of publication will be very convenient. 
The original scheme, which was to 
the Bible, and not of Theology, has been well carried out; 
for, while systems of theology and points of controver- 
sial divinity are altogether omitted, the Antiquities, Bio- 
graph v, Geography, and Natural History of the Old and 

New Testaments, and of the Apocrypha, are fully elucidated. 

The List of Contributors is a guarantee for the vast amount 

of special knowledge brought to bear upon the various 

items of this Dictionary, which is certainly not the least 

valuable contribution to available knowledge, for which 

we are indebted to the energy and crood judgment of Dr. 

Letters from Borne, to Friends in England. By the Rev. 
John \V. Burgon, M.A. (Murray.) 

These letters, reprinted with additions and corrections 
from The Guardian, are now made far more readable than 
when they appeared in the pages of a newspaper. Their 
solid worth comes here recommended to us by the adjuncts 
of good print and paper, and plenty of excellent wood- 
cuts. They are historical, antiquarian, anecdotical, and 
controversial ; but the bitterness of controversy is softened 

down by that spell of reverence, which the Eternal City 
throws over every religious writer. 

Hymns for the Church of England. (Longman.) 
Another effort to supply the desideratum of an Eng- 
lish hymnal ? The ideal of such a hvmnal will only be 
reached when it is characterised throughout by orthodox 
doctrine, and sterling poetry; when every hymn in it 
possesses a unity of subject, an obvious sense, and a cor- 
rect rhyme; when the hymns appropriate to each sacred 
season, treat the subject of the season from various points 
of view, and in various metres. Are there as many as 
1/0 English hymns (so many are contained in the vo- 
lume before us) coming up to this ideal ? We fear not. 

A/fibeto Christiana, by Juan de Valdes, from the Italian 

of 1540. By Benjamin B. Wiffen. (Bosworth and Har- 

% Only one hundred copies of this work are printed for 
circulation; and the translation will thus remain almost 



as much a bibliographical curiosity as the original, 
intrinsic interest must needs attach to it, as the work of 
one of the early Spanish Protestants, the friend of Eras- 
mus, the admired of Nicolas Ferrar, who translated his 

beto Chrisiiano 

better-known Considerations. 


purports to be a dialogue between the Author and Giulia 
Gonzaga, Duchess of Trajetto. It is pietistic in tone, 
and designed to guide its readers in the simplest paths of 
practical religion. 

The Christian Church and Society in 1861. By F. Gui- 
zot. (Richard Bentley.) 

We have here the interesting spectacle of a great mind 
identifying itself with the cause of Christianity ; a pro- 
found statesman, and yet an ardent religionist; a Pro- 
testant, yet advocating the temporal sovereignty of the 
Pope, as a necessary condition of his spiritual indepen- 
dence. He advocates the Napoleonic scheme of an Italian 
Confederacy rather than of a Kingdom of Italy, and owns 
that he sent M. Rossi to Rome, in the reign of Louis 
Philippe, to labour in such a design. 

Ancient Collects and other Prayers ; selected for Devo- 
tional use from various Rituals, with an Appendix on the 
Collects in the Prayer Book. By W. Bright, M.A. Second 
Edition. (J. H. & J. Parker.) 

A most valuable manual; from which the parochial 
clergyman will be able to extract much solid and various 
matter for occasions of devotion. 



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Sir Cuthbert Sharpens History of the Rising op the North in 

A print from the portrait of the late Wm. Danby, Esq, of Swinton 
Park, Yorkshire. 

Wanted by Wm. Danby, Esq., Park House, Exeter. 

Noble's Lives of the Regicides. 2 Vols. 

The Athenjeum from the first number to the end of the year 1835. 
Wanted by Edward Peacock, Esq., the Manor, Bottesford, Brigg. 

$atittsl ta €avvt&$avtimt&. 

F. B. The macaronic poem, Pujrna Porcorum, which contains about 
300 lines, is printed in Mr. Sandys' Specimens of Macaronic Poetry, Svo, 


Superstition. Thirteen unlucky from u the Last Supper.* 9 

W. W. The History of Shoreditch was written by Sir Henry Ellis. 

Lumen. Edward Melton's {not Milton) Travels are noticed in our 
last volume, pp. 88, 150. 

Monsieur Tonson. — C- H. G. is in some measure right. The Farce 
teas written by Moncrief but the capital poem, on which that Farce was 
founded, teas written by Taylor. 

T. L. M. 

" When Greeks joined Greeks, then was the tug of war," 

is from Lee's Alexander the Great. As to the second Query, see Daily 
Telegraph of Saturday, Feb. 1. 

Monthly Feujlleton of French Literature next week, if possible. 

E. 1). The possessor of two Sermons by Dr. Thomas Adams, described 
by him in " N. & Q." 1st S. v. 131, is requested to say where a letter may 
be addressed to him. 

Icianis. Mr. Wright's address is II, Sydmy Street, Brompton. 

Tv ne. The work is entWed The Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs. 

See u N. & Q." 2nd S. vi. 89, 173, 212, 276. 

44 Notes and Queries" is published at noon on Friday, and is also 
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3'd g. i. Feb. 8, '62.] 







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" Many documents and authorities have been discovered which have 
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44 In taking leave of this valuable book, we cordially thank Mr. 
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HEDGES & BUTLER have imported a large 
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opinion that it will equal the celebrated comet year of 1811. It is in- 
creasing in value, and the time must soon arrive when Port of this dis- 
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Sparkling ditto 60s. 66s. 78s. 

Sparkling Champagne 42s. 48s. 60s. 66s. 7Ss. 

Fine old Sack, rare White Port, Imperial Tokay, Malmsey, Fron- 
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Fine Old Pale Cognac Brandy, 60s. and 72s. per dozen. 

On receipt of a Post-office Order or reference, any quantity, with a 
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n . . c <>py Address, PARTRIDGE & COZENS, 

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3** S. I. Feb. 15, '62. J 





NOTES : — Letters of Archbishop Lcighton, 121 — Sebastian 
Cabot : an Episode in his Life, 125 — Somersetshire Wills : 

. Pettigrew Family, lb. — Armour-clad Ships : the Skull of 
the Elephant, 126. 

Minor Notes : — Spelling Matches — Paper — Judges' 
Seats in Courts of Justice — Manchester in the Year 1559 

— Visitation of Shropshire — Amusing Blunder — Feni- 
• more Cooper on the Bermudas — Jokes on the Scarcity of 

Bullion, 126. 

QUERIES: — Toad-eater, 128 — Earl of Chatham — Chan- 
cellorship of the University of Cambridge — The Author of 
the " Falls of Clyde " — J. A. Blackwell — Burdon of Easing- 
ton — Canoe —Comets and Epidemia — Colonel — Defaced 
and Worn Coins — Dodshon of Strauton — Ecclesiastical 
Commission of 1650 — Electioneered — Literary Anecdotes 

— Dr. Mansel's Epigrams — John Pikeryng — "Piromi- 
des" — Robert Rose— Michael Scot's Writings on Astro- 
nomy — Sutton Family — Early Edition of Terence — 
Universal Suffrage — W ebb Family — Weeping among the 
Ancients, &e\, 121). 

Queries with Answers: —The Seven-branched Candle- 
stick — " Tottenham in his Boots " — Vice- Admiral James 
Sayer — Provincial Tokens — Aldermen of London, 132. 

REPLIES:— Lambeth Degrees, 133 — Scripture Paraphrase, 
134 — Miniature Painter : Sillett, 135 — Natoaca, lb. — Salt 

. given to Sheep : St. Gregory, Regula Pastoralis — Alchemy 
and Mysticisms — Browning's " Lyrics " — Dr. John Por- 
dage — Trial of the Princess of Wales — Christopher Monk 

— Taylor of Bifrons — Tenants in Socage — Arms of Cortez 

— On the Degrees of Comparison — Lammiman — Au- 
thorised Translator of Catullus — Washing Parchment 
and Vellum — Quotation Wanted, &c, 136. 

Monthly Feuilleton on French Books. 



(Continued from p. 107). 


Dec. 17. 

May it please yo r Grace, 
Because I was unwilling to give yo r Grace any 
further trouble at parting, I did resolv to peese (?) 
out ye remainder of this year in this station, w h 
being now near upon expiring, I could not think 
of a fitter way to signify my intention than by 
the enclosed, being ye very same individual paper 
yt I presented to yo r Grace while you were 


ere. And I think it needless to say any more 

of ye reasons mooving mee to 't, having then 
given yo r Grace a short account of the main of 
them in a paper apart. Onely I crave leave to 
add this, that upon ye most impartiale reflexion I 
can make upon ye temper of my mind in this 
matter, I cannot find that it proceeds from any 
pusillanimous impatience, or weariness of the 
troubles of this employment, but rather from a 
great contempt of our unworthy and trifling con- 
tentions, of w h I have little other esteem than of 
a querelle (TAlman^ or a drunken scuffle in the 
dark, and doe pity exceedingly to see a poor 
church doing its utmost to destroy both itself and 
religion in furious zeal and endlesse debates about 
ye empty name and shadow of a difference in 

government, and in the meanwhile not having of 

solemn and orderly worship so much as a shadow. 
Besides I have one urgent excuse that grows daily 
truer, for though I keep not bedd much, nor am 
(I thank God) rackt with sharp and tormenting 
diseases, yet I can truely say that I am scarce 
ever free from som one or other of those pains 
and distempers that hang about this litle crazy 
turf of earth I carry, w h makes it an uneasy 
burden to mee, but withall puts me in hopes j i I 
shall shortly drop it into the common heap. 
Meanwhile, my best relief will bee, to spend the 
litle remnant of my time in a private and retir'd 
life in some corner of England, for in ye com- 
munion of that church, by ye help of God, I am 
resolvd to live and die. That w h I seem humbly 
to entreat of y r Grace is ye representation of this 
litle affair to his Ma tic , and that in as favorable 
a manner as may bee, w h shall add very much to 
ye many and great obligements of 

May it please yo r Grace, 

Yo r Grace's 
Most humble Servant, 

R. Leighton. 

[The following is the paper inclosed : 

The true reasons both of my purpose of re- 
tiring from my present charge and of declining a 
greater, are briefly these. 

1 . The sense I have of the dreadfull weight of 
whatsoever charge of souls, or any kind of spi- 
rituall inspection over people, but much more 
over ministers ; and withall of my ow 
unworthincsse and unfitnesse for so high a station 
in the Church. 

2. The continuing divisions and contentions of 


this church, and ye little or no appearance of 
their care for our time. 

3. The earnest desire I have long had of a re- 
tired and private life, w h is now much increased 
by sicklinesse and old age drawing on, and ye 
sufficient experience of ye folly and vanity of ye 
world. And in a word, tis rerum humanarum 


Whatsoever I might add more, I forbear, for I 

cenfesse after all I could say, I expect little right 

or fair construction from ye world in this matter, 

but rather many various mistakes and miscen- 

sures on all hands. But soe that the relief is, 

that in ye retreat I design, I shall not hear of 

them, or if I do, I shall not feel them. 


Dunbl. octob. 9. 

Sir, — I met lately with our noble friend through 
whose hand this comes to you, and discoursed 
awhile of our affairs. What concerns my unworthy 
self I am very weary of hearing or speaking so 
much of it, and after all cannot see reason to 
recede from my opinion. My retreat (which I 
think \ foresee will bee very quickly unavoidable) 

may be much more decent from my present pos- 







1 I cor 

ture, than after a more formall ei w 

will expose me lesse to the imputations of one of 

the late pamphleteer's throws at mee of phantas- _ ^ _ w 

tick inconstancy, though I think he has not hitt! of the same folly, if it be so, some by actual re"- 

mee, at least I feel it not, for as to my removes | tiring, others by earnest desires of it, when it 

hee reckons upp, I am sure there never was lesse j prov'd impossible for them. But not to amuse yo r 

(sic) than 

was in all mine, and as for his other instance of 
being neither pleased with presbyterie nor epis- 
copacy, with the exorbitancies of neither, I con- 
fesse, but if ye thought of their regular conjunction 
could have entered into his head, hee should 


of this buissines for this time, seeing 'tis now never 
to create any further trouble either to myself or 
any other, and I hope in God I shall goe through 
the remainder of this unpleasant work without 
discontent or impatience, if I may bee but assur'd 

great multitudes of heads as strong and clear as 
his and his brethren's are hott and cloudy ; but 
this is a digression. Of our higher Vacancies I 

rather have sayd I was pleased with both, for I of one thing, and that is, a full and absolute par- 
have bin constantly enough of that opinion, that don from yo r Grace of whatsoever hath bin 
they doe much better together than either of | troublesome or offensive to you in this matter, 
them does apart, and have in this the consent of j and no abatement of yo r good opinion and favour, 

though (I confes) alwaies undeserved in all other 
respects, unles great affection to yo r Grace, yo r 
service may pretend some small degree of accept- 
ance instead of merit. And this shall remain un- 
alterable in mee, while I live, however yo r Grace 
may be pleased henceforward to look upon mee. 
But it would exceedingly encourage mee in my 
return to my laboratory, if a line from yo r hand 
did give mee some hope, at least, of the same 
plying them will be fittest, in order to ye publick favourable aspect from y r Grace, as formerly; but 

have sayd enough in my former, and possibly too 
much, but that 'tis alwaies attemper'd with abso- 
lute submission to those yt are boih so much 
wiser and above mee : but for our vacant parish 
kirks in ye West, I wish it were taken into con- 
sideration, and well resolv'd on, what way of sup- 

peace, w h I conceiv we are mainly to eye in our 
whole buissines. 

I crave pardon for this presumption, and however 

it I 

rather let things 

shall I ever cease, while I am above ground, to bee. 


Yo r Grace's 
Most h 

yo r Grace, 

I waited on ye Lords of Coun- m y P 00r prayers, such as they bee, shall not bee 
cil this week, but they have given mee neither wanting for yo r Grace's welfare and happiness, nor 
any new comand nor advice in this particular, 
w h till I receiv from some y t have power to give 

must forbear to attempt any thing, 'and 

„ rest as they bee, than by en- 
deavouring to better them, run the hazard to 
make them worse. I am not doubtfull of yo r ut- 
most assistance in these affairs, both where you 
are and when you return, nor need I any more 
repeated request of ye constant charity of yo r 
prayers for 

For my Lord Duke of Lauderdale, 

his Grace. 


R. Leigiiton. 


Yo r poor brother and servant, 


Edg. Jim. 25. 

For Mr. Gilbert Burnet, 

at London. 



May it please yo r Grace, 

Lond. Jul. 3 r 

I am extreamly sorry, if y putting a close to y e y l brought mee hither, when it could not 
well bee differr d any longer, shall have caus'd in 
yo Grace any displeasure ag s ' mee, w h yet I can 
hardly suspect, for this desire of mine (w h I con- 
fesse is y onely ambitious and passionate desire I 
nave of any thing in this world) bee it from weak- 
ncsse of understanding, or melancholy humor or 
whatsoever else any may imagine, I am sure there 
is no malice in it to any person or to any party, 
yea y innocency and sincerity of my heart in this 
matter will, I trust in God, uphold me uftder aU 
y various misconstructions y 4 can fall uponme. Yea 

I was just upon going out of town when 1 re- 
ceived yo r Grace's letter of y 18th of June, and 
some few days before I had writt somewhat to yo r 
Gr. touching y c buissines of a national synod, very 
much agreeing with what your Gr. sayes concern- 
ing it ; only I took y e liberty to suggest the fairest 
construction in behalf of the ministers pushing for 
it, and that if any were driving a design in it, it 
was more than I could perceive, and more than 
the generality of themselves doe know of; and 
there is one particular they have mistaken y l gave 
yo r Gr. account of this affair, if they have affirm'd 
that the motion began at the synod of Glasco, for, 
upon my honest word, there was not one syllable 
spoke of it there in my hearing; no, not in private, 
far lesse anything propounded towards it in pub- 
lick ; indeed after it was mooted at Edin r y e re- 
port spreading, diverse presbyteries were taken 
with it, and began to discourse of it, and yet none 
of them writt to mee till it was again revived at 
Edmbugb. Only the presbyterie of Glasco sent a 

3»* S. L Feb. 15, '62.] 



letter to y e presbyterie of Edinbugh, wherein there 
was more irregularity than in any other I have 
seen or heard; for they neither acquainted the 
Bp. of Ed r with it at all, nor mee, w h looked the 
liker y c sticking up to a correspondence divided 
from us. But if this had not come to yo r Grace's 
knowledge by other hands, I confes I had never 
sayd anything of it, for being here just y° day be- 
fore it should have been delivered, it was brought 

| to my hands, and I having opened it (as I thought 

I had good reason to doe), and being much dis- 
pleased with the strain of it kept it upp, and re- 
solved to suppresse it, and to check them y* writt 
it, but not to bring them to any publick censure 
for it; and the rather for y° very reason y* would 

province to meet him shortly at Brechin, but I 
believe it will be but a thin meeting, and as I told 
him, I cannot see what great matter they can doe 
at it; but that I leave to his own better judge- 
ment. If it had been at Edin r it would have past 
with less noise and observation, and I would have 
endeavoured to wait on it, but being now going 
to the most southern corner of the diocese of 
Glasco I cannot possible return so quickly as to 
go to the north. I have stay'd this day in town 
on purpose to speak to some of those lords yo r 
Grace directs me to wait on, and I went in the 
morning to my lord Hatton's lodging, but hee was 
gone abroad, but this afternoon I intend to wait 
on his Lo. and any others of that number I can 
have moved a vindictive man to publish it, some I meet with, though I have little or nothing to say 

of those y fc joined in it being y e persons of the 
whole diocese that have most discover' d something 
of unkindness toward me ; yea, I can confidently 
say are the only persons of y e whole, for anything cuse. 
I know, that continue so to doe, the rest having 

but what some of them know already. I have 
wearied yo r Gr e . with so long a letter, but y e par- 
ticulars that occasion it to bee so I trust will ex- 

May it please yo r Grace, yo r Grace's 

Most humble servant, 

R. Leighton. 

To my Lord Duke of Lauderdale, 

Plis Grace. 


after the first prejudices and mistakes were blown 
over, liv'd with mee not only in much peace, but 
in great amity and kindnes, and have of late ge- 
nerally exprest more affection to mee than I can 
modestly own y e reporting of. But this I say 
to excuse my suppressing y e very ill advised letter 
those persons sent to Edg. 

The reasons they give y l still presse this motion 
are not y* they think y e dissenters will submit to 
it, but that a full and free hearing maybe offered 
them in any way they will accept of it; or if they 
totally decline it, that will be both a sufficient and 
a very easie defeat, nor do they say themselves need 
a synod in order to their own satisfaction con- 
cerning y e government, seeing they join with* it 
but for regulating of y e church in matters of dis- 
cipline, and for reducing things to as much order 

as may bee for the present attainable ; but to both of Glasco, and indeed the whole country round 
these I answer them, that till there shall be found about, by the fall of a part of their bridge, I be- 

May it please yo r Grace, 
I am uncertain whether this shall goe by Mr. 
Burnet's hand or by the post, but when hee meets 
with yo r Grace (as I hope shortly hee shall) he will 
give you a more full account of the present con- 
dition of this Church, and particularly in the west, 
than I can by writing. For y e person I took y e 
liberty to recommend by my last to the vacancy 
of y e Isles, I will say no more nor presse it further, 
yo r Grace will doe in it what you think fit, in due 

The damage that is lately befallen the town 


a more convenient time for such a meeting these 
things may be someway provided for in an easier 
and safer way, for I tell them freely that though 

lieve yo r Grace will have notice of from better 
hands, and will, I doubt not, favour them in the 
procurement of any fit way of assistance towards 
the repairing it that shall be suggested, for it will 

r , .. — — & _ w . be very expensive, and the town will not be able 

tive in the year 1638, yet I fear unless it were to bear it alone, though they be called richer than 

I do not suspect them of any design against the 
present government, w h was the creat incen- 

very wisely managed, and succeeded very happily, 
it might be in hazard rather to disoarasre the so- 

some, other corporations here ; as y c noise of most 
revenues, publick and personal, in common report 
does usually far exceed their just value. But 
there is another particular that concerns them, of 
w h T shall humbly crave leave to offer my thoughts, 
easily be feared, they would be more soe in it, if though it is a bussines I could hardly obtain leave 
it were granted them ; and with these and other of myself to intermedle with, if the good and peace 

vernment than likely to add anything to its reput- 
ation ; for seeing them so divided and hotly con- 
testing about y e very motion of a synod it may 

considerations I doe really endeavour to al(l)ay 
and cool the minds of such ministers as apply 
themselves to mee about it, and strive to divert 


j to tender) 'did not considerably depend upon it : 
■ 'tis the choice of their magistrate for Ae ensuing 
them from any further attempts or thoughts of it ■ year, the usual time being not now far off. And 
for this time, and I am hopeful there shall be no this I must declare upon y e exactest enquiry I can 
more noise about it. Our Primate tells me hee make,. that the nomination of y e present Provost 
hath writt to some of y e northern Bps. of his I gave so great and general satisfaction at first, and 




[3** S. L Feb. 15, '62. 

still does to the far greater part of y c inhabitants, 
that without reflecting on or disparaging any fcther, 
I cannot but interpose my humble request hee 
may bee continued for this one ensuing year ; for 
I doe certainly know, that were the choice either 

that came to hand was the great cause of all the 
disquiet that hath arisen in these parts, filling all 


us'd in making them empty. And in this affair I 
am now craving y e advice and assistance of y 

referred to y c town councill or y e body of the Lords of Councill, and particularly of those on 
citizens, it would carry that way and no other, whom I know y or Grace reposes most for this and 
and were it in my hands I would most evidently i other matters of public concernment, being re- 
clear myself of ail appearance of partiall inclin- solv'd to do nothing of importance while I con- 
ation, by doing it in that very way of their own tinue in this station without their good liking and 
express consent and vote, having nothing to bias concurrence. They prest mee lately to give my 

mee in the thing, they being all equally civill to 

me, and I equally disinterested in them all, only I I loth to medle in, 


I „ 

generally averse from 

am sure that if an unacceptable change should be chusing anything for myself, but more from chus- 

made at the time, it would not a little obstruct my ing employments to other persons or the persons 

great design of comforting y e humors and discon- for y e employments. It was concerning y e va- 

tent, and quieting y e minds of that people. But 1 cancy of y 

having sayd this, I doe humbly crave pardon, and nam'd y e person that is, to my best discerning, y 


doe absolutely submit it to your Grace's better 
judgement; nor will I be troublesome with saying 
any more of my former request of liberation either 
from my old charge, or present commission, or 

rather that of all both, but will pattiently wait bin very kindly and usefully assisted by him 

for a favourable answer, as becomes, my Lord, 

Your Grace's most humble Servant, 

It. Leigiiton. 

fittest I know in these parts y t will by any means 
bee induced to undertake it: 'tis y e Dean of 
Glasco, whom I find to be of a very calm temper, 
and a discreet intelligent man, and have all along 


To my lord Commissioner, 

His Grace. 


May it please yo r Grace, 

our church affairs since my engaging in this ser- 
vice. But when I have sayd anything, if y or Grace, 
or any abler to advise you, think some other per- 
son fitter with all my heart ; I have no partiall 
interest nor stiff opinion in these things, nor would 
not at all have given my opinion in this, unlesse 
it had bin required of mee, yea, drawn from mee; 
and to the best choyce I shall always gladliest 

Ihoiijsli I confesse I am as lazy as any other to consent, being still for y c french doctor's vote, 

y of writing yet I would not have when one Crighton of this nation, stood in com- 

bm w«ntmg to my duty of acquainting yo r Grace, petition with diverse Frenchmen for 

it anything had oecurr d since my last worthy of profession 

yo r notice within my present 


it 1 medle not) ; nor have I much now to say, 
but that, thanks bee to God, the West Sea is at 
present pretty calm, and wee are in a tolerable 
degree of quiet, and the late meating and con- 
ference with y c dissenting brethren seems to have 
contributed something towards it; so that y e time 
and pains bestow'd that way seem not to bee wholly 
lost, and though they cannot bee charm'd into 
union., yet they doe not sting so fiercely as they 

did, nor does the difference between us appear so 
vast, and the gulf between us so -reatbut that there 
may hee some transition, and diverse of them are 

speaking of coming to presbyteries, if they may bee 

excused from Synods ; but it is most anion, them 
y are still out, as indeed most concerned, and 
possibly had y- rest bin treated with in v c same 
posture they would have bin more tractable, but 
we must doc as well as wee can with them as 
they a*e — de 


a vacant 

in their schools detur Kpcirrovi. But 
whosoever bee the man, if y e vacant year's revenue 
bee not absolutely dispos'd of already, it could 
not likely bee better bestow'd than upon the in- 
trant, being constantly so small a provision that 
one in that order will have enough to do to live 
decently upon it. For Dunblain, I deliver'd a 

of it under my hand some moneths 
agoe to my lord Kincarn, but now he tells mee hee 
hath not yet sent it upp. All I desire is either 
that it may be dispos'd of, or that I may be re- 
Ijev'd. of y e surcharge of this later employment; 

(as I lately 



ie i 

ling of v c vacancie 

ce qui est fait, le conseil en est 
nam difficulty at present is the fil- 

and C tlw! , ! e VeT l , ; umoro " s and ^d to j 
and he too great disregard of that, and th 
Hgent indifferent throwing 

for though, 

did), I find things in the same condition as for- 
merly, litle or nothing to doe, but after my cus- 
tom to preach amongst them, yet I desire to be 
freed of y c least appearance and imputation of a 
pluralist, how little soever it really signifies if all 
the truth were known. For with y e rents of 
Glasco I have not as yet at all intermedled, and 
for y c other, Mr. Herilock hath commenc'd a suite 
in law against mee to free himself of further pay- 
ing his dues to y c Chappell, and from the arrieres 
w h this five years past hee hath withheld, and it is 
w the bigger half of the whole dues of the place. 
upon them any However, I believe y or Grace knows somewhat of 

s w 1 ' are not a few, and diverse 

e nes:- 


S«» S. I. Feb. 15, '62.] 




my unconcernment in these things, and Hee that 
sees within mee and all men, perfectly knows 
how much I would prefer a retreat, and y e poorest 
private life to y e highest church preferment in the 
three Kingdoms ; and one of my dayly petitions 
is, that if it be the good pleasure of God, hee 
would once before I die blesse me with that re- 
treat. But I am sure 'tis high time to retreat 
from giving yo r Grace this trouble, and from pro- 
longing a letter that is already so much longer 
then my usuall size, that I am asham'd of it, and 
will not add a word more but one, that I am sure 
I shall never retract, that I am, my Lord, 

Yo r Grace's most obliged and humble Servant, 

R. Leighton. 

For my Lord Commissioner/ 

His Grace. 

C. F. Secretan. 

(To be continued.} 



Strype, in his Memorials, vol. ii. p. 190, states 


The Emperor " desired, that whereas one Sebastian 
Gabote, or Cabote, grand pilot of the Emperors Iiidias, 
was then in England, for as much as he could not stand 
the king in any great stead, seeing he had but small 
practice in these seas, and was a very necessary man for 
the Emperor, whose servant he was, and had a pension 
of him, that some order might be taken for his sending 
over in such sort as the Emperor should at better length 
declare unto the king's council. Notwithstanding I sus- 
pect Gabote still abode in England at Bristow (for there 
he lived) ; having two or three years after set on foot a 
famous voyage hence, as we shall mention in due place." 

Cabot's biographers appear to have been ignor- 
ant of the result of this application, which may 
be found in a letter directed from the council to 
Sir Philip Hoby, under date of Greenwich, 21st 
April, 1550, as follows : 

" And as for Sebastian Cabot, answere was first made 
to the said Amb dor , that he was not deteined heere by us ; 
but that he himself refused to go either into Spayne or 
to the Emp or ; and that he being of that mind, and the 
Kin^e's subjecte, no reason nor equitie wolde that he 
shulde be forced or compelled to go against his will. 
Upon the w h answere, the s d Amb dor said, that, if this 
were Cabotte's aunswere, then he required, that the said 
Cabot, in the presence of some one whom we coulde ap- 
pointe, might speke w th him the s (1 Amb dor , and declare 
unto him this to be his minde and aunswere; whereunto 
we condescended, and at the last sent the s d Cabot w th 
Richard Shelley to the Ambassador, who, as the s d Shel- 
ley hath made report to us, affirmed to the s d Amb dor , 
that he was not minded to go neither into Spayne nor to 
the Emp or . Nevertheless, having km.wlege of certein 
thinges verie necessarie for the Emp ors knowlege, he 
was well contented for the good will he bere the Emp or 
to write his mind unto him, or declare the same here to 
enie such as shude be appointed to heare him; wher- 
unto the said Amb dor asked the s d Cabot, in case the 
Kinge'8 Ma tie or we shulde comand him to go to the 

Cabot made answere as Shelley reportethe, that if the 
Kinge's Highnes or we did comand him so to do, then he 
knew wel inough what he had to do ; but it semeth that 
the Emb dor tooke this aunswere of Cabot to sound as 
though Cabot had aunswered, that being comaunded by 
the Kinge's Highnes or us, that then he wolde be con- 
tented to go to the Emp or , wherein we reken the s d 
Emb dor to be deceived ; for that the s d Cabot had divers 
times before declared unto us that he was fullie deter- 
mined not to go hens at all." 

This ambiguous reply of Cabot was, no doubt, 
duly conveyed through the diplomatic channel to 
the Emperor, who must have taken the same view 
of it as the Ambassador : for on the 9th of Sept., 
1553, we find him addressing the following letter 
to the Queen Mary of England, desiring that she 
would give permission to Cabot to come to him, 
as he desired to confer with him upon some im- 
portant affairs connected with navigation : 

" Treshaulte tres excellente et trespuissante princesse 
nre treschiere et tresamee bonne seur et cousine. Pour co 
que desirerions comuniquer aucuns affaires concernans la 
sheurete de la nauigation de noz Royauemes et pays 
avec le capitaine Cabote cidevant pilote de noz Roy- 
auemes d'Espaigne et lequel de nre gre et consentement 
s'est puis aucuncs annees passe en Angleterre nous vous 
requerons bien affectueusement donner conge aud' Cabote 
et luy permectre venir deuers nous pour avec luy comu- 
niquer sur ce que dessus et vous nous ferez en ce tresa- 
greable plesir selon quauons encharge a noz ambassadeurs 
deuers vous le vous aceurer plus particulierement. A 
tant treshaulte tresexcellente et trespuissante princesse 
nfe treschiere et tresamee bonne seur et cousine nous 
prions le createur vous avoir en sa tressaincte et digne 
garde. De Mons en Haynnau le ix c de Septembre 1553. 

" Vre bon frere et cousin, 

" Charles. 

[_In dorso^ 

" A tres haulte tres excellente et trespuissante prin- 
cesse nre treschiere et tresamee bonne seur et 

cousine la Royne d'Angleterre." 



The following will of John Walgrow, dated in 
1541, is a specimen of will-making at the Re- 
formation. It is transcribed from an ancient and 
authentic copy. West Charlton is about three 
miles from Somerton, Somerset. 

" Test. Joins Walgroiv* Rectoris de West Charlton : 
In dei nomine, Amen, in the year of owr Lord, 1541, the 
viij day of Apryll, I John Walgrow, Clarke, hole of 
mynd and memory make thys my testament and last 
wyll, yn forme and man'r followyng: — Ejrst, I bequeth 
my sowle to Almighty God, my body to be bury'd yn 
the church chancell of Charelton Makerell. Item, I be- 
queth to the sayd church xx 8 for the intent to be pray'd 
for among the brothers and the systers of the sepulture 
lyght of that church. Item, I bequeth to the church of 
Charelton Adam vj s viij d for the intent to be prayed for 
among the brothers and svsters ther. Item, I bequeth 

Item, I bequeth to 



to the mother church of Wells, xij d . 
the church of Otcumb, xiij 8 iiij d . Item, I bequeth to 
evV howssholder of Otcumb aforsayd, rych and pow'r, 
xij d ; so that the man and the wyff be at my dyreg and 
whereunto J mass, excepte sycknys or other necessary thyng let hyt; 




[3'* S. I. Feb. 15, '62 

and the priest shall have xx<* for hys labor. Ijem, I 
bequeth to ev'v hows'r vn Charelton Makerell xij a ; so 
that the man and the wyff be at my dyryg and beryng, 
excepte sycknys or other necessary thyng let hyt. Item, 
I bequeth to John Knyllar inv s'vant all such stulle as 1 
have at Otcumb, w't six silv'r sponys of the best sorte, 
and sixe shepe, at the delv'vrance of myne executor. 
Item, to mv god-chvld iiij d . Farther, I wyll that my 
executor imediatelv vpon my deth shall p'vyde sume 
honest prest to pray for my sowle one year aft. my de- 
p'tvng, yn the same p'yshe. Item, Y wyll also that mas 
and dyrvg he kepte ev'y day duryng the monyth after 
mv bervng. The resydeu of my goods above not ex- 
p'ssvd nor bequethed, I fully geve, graunt, and bequeth 
to Robert Bithcse, my sonne yn lawe, whom I make and 
ordayn my hole executor, that he therof do ordayne and 
dispose hit for mv sowle as to hym shal be best semyng 
or expedvent. Morover, I wyll and ordayn for my 
ov'seer, of thvs my last wyll, Thomas Champion, and he 
to have for hvs pavne and labor so takyng my best salte. 
In witnvs wherof I, Sir Robert Corbet, Curat, John Buck- 
land of Harptree, Richard Godgu, S'r Robert Hyll, doth 
put to our namyn the day and yere above wrytyng." 

Should the following curious will (which is 

To have formed this enlarged area of solid 




vening space being occupied by spandrils 

Pettigrew, Esq., he will probably be interested in 
finding that one of his name was a dweller, in 

But strength as well as lightness is indispensable ; 
for in the economy of the elephant, his mode of 
life exposes the head to frequent shocks; inas- 


of the talent archaeologist and antiquary, T. J. much as it is the instrument with which he forces 

down trees and encounters other obstacles. 

Delicate as the honeycombed structure of the 
interior is, it is sufficiently firm to resist the forces 
thus applied ; and even to disregard the shock of 
a musket-ball, except in some well known spots. 

Now the question suggests itself, whether there 
is anything in the arrangement of the walls that 

Somersetshire, upwards of 300 years ago. 

ther the testator was an ancestor of the present 
learned gentleman I cannot say. 

Testa' tu Robert i Pet! grew de North Carlbery : 

dc-i nomine, Amen ; the yere of our Lord, 154J, the xxx th 
day of Maye,I Robert Petigrew, hole of mynd and mem'ry, 
make my testament and last will, yn forme and man'r 
f>llo\vvni: — Fvrst, I bequeth my sowle to Almighty 
(jod, and my body to be buryd yn the churchyard of 
.North Cadbery. It'm, I bequeth to Seynt Andrew's iiij d . 

T*\^ * rt »I,a 1.^,f1,A..Ac aPaut',. lo/lv irWA Tt-\v» T Knnnofh 

It'm, to the Lrothores of ow'r lady, 
to mv sonne Richard a cow, a 

i] u . It'm, I bequeth 
calff, the second best 

bra— e pann, ij platters, ij yearyd dysshys of pewter, an 
akar of wheat, an akar of drep^e, and an akar of medow. 
It '-in, to my daughter Alys, dwellyng at Glastonbery, a 
cmvo. Item, to my sonne Thomas, my old oxe. The 
n-sidow of my floods, not bequethed, I geve to Mawde 
mv wvile, whom 1 make mv hole executrix. And I do 
make John Harvy my ov'seer, and lie to have for his 
puvnes accordyng to conscycns. Tlies beyng wytnys: 
S'r Water Yesy, Curat, Johu Robyns, and Richard 

separate the two tables 


the elephant's head, 

the adoption of which might be applied 




Sum Inventa 

- £vij xv 


d » 






divine, and author of the Intellectual System, was 
once rector, is about five miles from Wincanton 

and eleven from Shepton Mallet, Somerset. In 


imilar effect, to secure at once resistance and 
buoyancy in the construction of a gun-boat, a 
steam-ram, or a mailed vessel of war? On a 
superficial glance at the section of an elephant's 
cranium, the bony processes which occupy the 
interstice between the outer and the inner plates 
of the skull would seem to present no systematic 
disposal ; but it is hardly to be presumed that 
for an object so all-important, the position of 
these walls and partitions is altogether fortuitous 
or accidental. 

It would require a comparison of the sections 
of numerous skulls, to determine, in the first 
place, whether in the head of every elephant the 
arrangement of these processes and plates is uni- 
form and identical ? but should the fact prove to 
be so, the inference would (follow that that pecu- 
liar arrangement must be the best for securing 



In^ Civil Engineering, as well as in Naval 
Architecture, no question at the present day has 
excited more profound scientific consideration 


the utmost possible power of resistance with the 
least possible expenditure of material. The in- 
quiry might be worthy the attention of Professor 
Owen, or some other eminent comparative ana- 
tomist. J. Emerson Tewnent. 

than the power of chambered 
strain and concussion. 

iron to sustain 

The two objects to be 

united are resistance and lightness 5 and 

a re- 

Minav $atttt. 

Spelling Matches. — In Bell's Weekly Mes- 
senger for 27th January is given an account (ex- 

markable instance of the combination of both 
is presented by the formation of the cranium in 
the elephant. In that prodigious creature, the 
brain, which weighs only nine or ten pounds, re- 
quires a proportionally small cavity for its recep- 
tion internally ; but as the head has to furnish 
externally a surface sufficient for the attachment 
of the great muscles that sustain the unusual 
weight of the tusks and trunk, this has rendered 
it necessary to increase the surface, in order to 
afford convenient space for their attachment and \ 


bone would have added inconveniently to the 

weight; and the difficulty is overcome by the 
ingenious device of constructing the skull in two 

© CD 

separate tables, one within the other, the inter- 


bony processes, between which are cells filled 

with air, thus ensuring the lightness of the whole. 


3 rd S. I. Feb. 15/62.] 





tracted from the Philadelphia Presbyterian) of one 
of these matches, which are there styled " of an- 
cient and honourable memory/' It appears that 

"In Spencertown, New York, they had a match on the 
9th ult., in which Webster's Pictorial Dictionary was 
contended for. Twenty-eight spellers entered the lists. 
All but two were silenced in an- hour and a half. These 
were two girls, one eleven, and the other fourteen years 
of age. They continued the contest for nearl}* an hour 
longer, on words the most difficult to be spelt, till the 
audience became so wrought upon that they proposed to 
buy a second dictionary, and thus end the contest." 

Now it strikes me that such matches would do 
more, and more pleasantly, in forwarding the edu- 
cation of our peasantry, than the periodical visits 
of the Inspector of Schools. If they be known in 
England, will any of your correspondents favour 
me with the rules ? If they be an American in- 
stitution, your Philadelphia correspondent will, I 
trust, send me the laws under which they are con- 
ducted. And I will await his reply. 

Vryan Rheged. 

Paper. — Much as has been said of the innumer- 
able uses to which paper, liberated from the tram- 
mels of taxation, is about to be applied, and 
marvel as we may at embossed shirts and water- 
proof capes (any light boots as yet ?) of this plas- 
tic material, I suspect that the ancients were 
beforehand with us in the adaptation even of 
their rough and ready "papyrus" to similar pur- 
poses ; since the taunt of Juvenal, in his 4th 
Satire (1. 23), applied to his favourite butt Cris- 
pinus, would appear to indicate that even then 

paper was a covering 

meaner than rags ! 


Hoc tu 

Succinctus patria quondam, Crispine, papyro?" 

Duke, in fact, translates the passage : 

" Gave you, Crispinus — you this mighty sum ! 

[For a fish dinner, or something of that sort.] 
You that, for want of other rags, did come 
In your own country paper wrapped, to Rome." 

The translator is guilty of anachronism in re- 
garding the raw material of the Roman "papyrus" 
as rags ; but perhaps he looked upon Juvenal as 
a bitten sort of prophet of an age of rags. 

Siiolto Macduff. 

Charminster, near Dorchester, Dorset. 

Judges 1 Seats in Courts of Justice. 



In my 

age, I have devoted a portion of my 
leisure hours in reading the ancient statutes ; 
and much instruction I have gathered in the 

reading of them, and, let 

me add, amusement 
certainly much more than in perusing 
and studying our modern statutes, so repulsive 
with tautology and verbiage. 'I venture to copy 
the statute, 20 Richard II. ch. iii. a.d. 1396, 
which I think justifies my preference of our an- 
cient acts of Parliament, and will amuse your 
readers. The title of it is : 

" No Man shall sit upon the Bench with Justices of 

" Item, the King doth will and forbid, that no lord, 
nor other of the county, little or great, shall sit upon the 
bench with the Justices to take Assizes, in their Sessions 
in the counties of England, upon great forfeiture to the 
King; and hath charged his said Justices, that they 
shall not suffer the contrary to be done." 

This act, be it known, is not included in the re- 
cent statute for " the repeal of such acts as are 
not now in use." And yet how many seats of 
our judges in Courts of Assizes are so con- 
structed, that Lords and other men sit on the same 
bench with the judges ? In the Preface to the 
40th volume of the Surtees Society publications, 

Castle of York relating 


Depositions from the 

Offences committed in the Northern Counties (p. 

ix.) we are told : 

" that, at the Durham Assizes, the judges were the 
guests of the Prince Palatine, who empowered them to 
act in his behalf. He drove them from his castle to the 
Court in his coach and six, and sat between them on tho 
bench for a while in his robes of Parliament." 

On the Prince's departure from the Criminal 
Court* and when the nisi pi % ius judge went into 
his, I have seen Lords and others of the county 
take their seats on each side of the judge in both 
Courts, civil and criminal. I learn from inquiry 
the judges 1 seats, in courts within several of the 
provinces, are on benches similar to those in 
Durham; but in other Courts of Assize, the 
judges' seats are in alcoves as at York. 

On reading the Preface to the Surtees Society 
publications, I wrote in the margin of my copy 
(p. ix.) : " And this in the face of the statute 

20 Richard II. ch. iii." 

Larchfield, Darlington. 

Fra. Mewburn. 

Manchester in the Year 1559. 

" De sacrificis Brytanniae nostra, quam nunc Angliam 
vocant, horrenda nova. In comitatu Nottinghamiensi 
suam vitam alii finiverunt ferro, alii laqueo, nonnulli 
aqua; multi dederunt se pra?cipites de sumrnis sedibus, et 
quatuordecim horuni generum numerantur. Post regi- 
nam et Canlinalem Polum, qui infra tres boras una 
obiisse dicuntur, undecim ex episcopis majoribu?, sunt 
etiam brevi post tempore moerore, ut creditur, extincti. 

Omnes Manchestrenses quoque gravissima febris sustulit, 
vix ut unus in tanta civitate sit superstes.' y Joanni lialeo 
Basileas commoranti Gulielmus Coins. — A Letter ap- 
pended to Bale's Scriptores Brytannice, 1559, p. 229. 

I do not find this great mortality recorded in 
any history of Manchester. 

Bibliothecar. Chetham. 

I think a volume 


lately presented to the Shropshire and North 
Wales Natural History and Antiquarian Society, 
by Mr. George Morris, son of the late Mr. George 
Morris who was, I am told, well known as a local 
genealogist, should not go unrecorded in the pages 
of "N. & Q." On a recent visit to the Shrews- 
bury Museum I had the pleasure of examining it. 
It bears the following title : 




[3'<* S. t Feb. 15, '62. 

Wra. Camden, Claren- 
the former Visitations, 

"Copy of Visitation of Salop by Robert Treswell and 
Augustine Vincent, deputies to w ~ n*~A*„ nWn. 
cieux, a° 1623; together with 
a 1564 and 1584, &c. &c. 

"This volume is a copy of the Visitation of 1623, in the 
Shrewsbury Free School Library." # m 

"This copy was commenced in 1823, and finished in 
1825, by George Morris of Shrewsbury." 

The arms and pedigrees are beautifully drawn 
and written. This is, indeed, a most interesting 


Among several other volumes presented by the 

same gentleman, is a copy of James Easton's Hu- 
man Longevity, 1799, with very numerous addi- 
tions, which would be, I am sure, very interesting 
to those numerous correspondents who have made 
so many enquiries about the same subject. 

J G. W. M. 

Amusing Blunder. — In the 3rd volume (p. 
280) of Sir A. Alison s Life of Lord Castlereagh, 
there is a singular ludicrous slip of the pen, or 
misprint — for one does not know to which it 
must be ascribed — that deserves a niche in any 


future collection of literary curiosities. It occurs 
in the description of the funeral of the Duke of 
Wellington, and the passage runs as follows : 

"The pall was borne by the Marquises of Anglesea and 
Londonderry, Lord Gough, Lord Combermere, Lord Sea- 
ton, Mr. II. Smith, Sir Charles Napier, Sir Alexander 
Woodford, and Sir Peregrine Pickle ! ! " 

It it difficult to conceive a more ludicrous ad- 
mixture of fact and fiction, and no less difficult to 
suggest any explanation of its occurrence. Sir 
Peregrine Maitland was meant; but, however the 
blunder arose, surely never was there a more 
whimsical illustration of the law as to " association 
of ideas." 

J. J. B. WoRKARD. 

Glasgow Gazette. 

Fenimore Cooper on the Bermudas. 

"There is the island of Bermuda. England holds it 
solely as a hostile port to be used against us. 1 think 
for the peaceful possession of that island our Government 
would make some sacrifice: and by way of inducement 
to make that arrangement, you ought to remember that 
twenty years hence Kngland will not he able to hold it. 
Cooper's England, vol. ii. p. 306, published 1837. 

The above has amused me, and may amuse your 




Jokes on the Scarcity of Bullion. — It is 
said, as illustrative of the scarcity of metallic 
money in America just now, consequent, on the 
war-difficulties of our American cousins, that Mr. 
Barnum has added to his Museum of Curiosities, 
an American dollar, as one of the rarest things in 
the States. Apropos of this : on turning over a 
parcel of old letters the other evening, I came 
upon a paragraph in one of them which tells how 
scarce bullion was in our own country in the 
month of March, 1707, and which embodies as 



>od a joke as Mr. Barnum's of this present year 
of grace : 

" A few daj's ago," says the writer of a letter from 
Stourbridge to a friend in Paisley, after stating that 
paper-money had almost superseded gold, "hand-bills 
were circulated in Birmingham to the following purpose: 

To be seen at the Market Place, A Guinea just about 
being carried off to London. As its ever returning is ex- 
tremely improbable, those who wish for a sight of it, are 
desired to repair thither immediately/ " 

James J, Lamb 

Underwood Cottage, Paisley. 




In The Adventures of David Simple (a novel 
written, in 1744, by Sarah Fielding, sister of the 
celebrated Henry Fielding,) the hero of the tale 
asks the meaning of this term, to which the fol- 
lowing answer is given : 

It is a metaphor taken from a mountebank's boy's 
eating toads, in order to show his master's skill in ex- 
pelling poison: it is built on a supposition (which I am 
afraid is too generally true), that people who are so un- 
happy as to be in a state of dependence, are forced to do 
the most nauseous things that can be thought on, to 
please and humour their patrons. And the metaphor 
maybe carried on j^et further; for most people have so 
much the art of tormenting, that every time they have 
made the poor creatures they have in their power ' swal- 
low a toad,' they give them something to expel it again, 
that they may be ready to swallow the next they think 
proper to prepare for them : that is, when they have 
abused and fooled them, as Hamlet says, 'to the top of 
their bent,' they grow soft and good to them again, on 
purpose to have it in their power to plague them the 

This seems to give the exact meaning of the 

Serious and 

term as now used. The expression also occurs in 
the Works of Mr. Thomas Bi 
Comical. In his " Satire on an 
(vol. i. p. 71), be says : 


" Be the most scorn'd Jack-pudding of the pack, 
And turn toad-eater to some foreign quack." 


are some letters 

supposed to be written by the dead to the living ; 
and among them is one from "Joseph Haines, of 
merry memory, to his friends at Will's Coffee- 
House, in Covent Garden," dated 21st Dec, 1701. 
It is to be observed, that Joe Haines was a cele- 
brated mountebank and fortune-teller, who used 
to perform on the stage in Smithfield, and died 
4th April, 1701. In this pretended letter he tells 
his friends : 

" I intend to build a stage, and set up my old trade of 
fortune-telling; and as I shall have occasion for some 
understrapper to draw teeth for me, or to be my toad* 
eater, upon the stage," &c. 

In a subsequent letter from Joe Haines to his 
friends, he gives them an account of his success in 
his vocation, and says : 

3' d S. I. Feb. 15, '62.] 



" After the mob had been diverted by some legerde- 
main tricks of Apollonius Tyaneus, my conjuror, being 
attended by Dr. Connor, my toad-eater in ordinary, Dr. 
Lobb," &c. 

Perhaps some of the learned contributors to 
your valuable publication will be kind enough to 
inform me whether there is a record or repute of 
any quack or mountebank at Smithfield, South- 
ward or elsewhere, who had sufficient power or 
influence over his zany, or subordinate, to induce 
him to actually swallow any of these disgusting 

reptiles ? Or was the performance a mere slight- 
of-hand trick ? E. j8. E. 

Earl of Chatham- — Professor De Morgan's 

Paper on the possible as distinguished from the 
actual (2 nd S. xii. 29) puts me in mind of an anec- 
dote that I heard many years ago of the Earl of 
Chatham. In a conference with an admiral, who 

in command of a 

was on the point 

squadron, he gave him instructions to do so-and- 

of sailing 



so. The admiral protested that the 
impossible. " Sir," cried Lord Chatham, raising 
himself upon his gouty legs, and brandishing his 
crutches in the air, " I stand upon impossibili- 

Who was the admiral ? And on what occasion 

was this said ? 





" The office of Chancellor is biennial, or tenable for such 

the University may choose to allow." 


It would seem that originally, there was a re- 
gular election or re-election every 

two years. 

Archbishop Rotheram (Athena: Cantabrigienses, i. 


elected chancellor in 1469, and again in 



At what time, and why was the bi- 

ennial election discontinued ? 

M. A. Cantab. 

The Author of the " Falls of Clyde." 
I have an octavo volume entitled the Falls of 
Clyde, or, the Fairies ; a Scottish Dramatic Pasto- 
ral. It also contains three dissertations : on fairies, 
on the Scottish language, and on pastoral poetry. 

It was published by Creech in Edinburgh, in 
1806. The name of the author is not given ; but 
a friend informs me that it was Black, and that 
he was a tutor in the family of Lord Woodhouselee. 

Can you inform me, through any of your readers, 
•what became of Mr. Black : and if he wrote any 
other work ? 

This drama will repay perusal by anyone who 
understands the humour of the Scottish language. 
t Should you be unable to give me the informa- 
tion which I seek, I shall have reference made to 
the Edinburgh Magazine of 1806-7, and shall 


L. Z. 

J. A. Blackwell. — There was a tragedy, 
called Rudolf of Varosney, by Mr. J. A. Black- 
well, published in 1842. Can any of your readers 
inform me whether the author was a native of the 
North of Scotland ? Zeta. 


Burdon of Easington. — Information as to 
the descendants of the Burdons vel Burdens of 
Easington would be gladly received. The fol- 
lowing is, I believe, copied from the registers kept 
by the Society of Friends : 

Amos Burdon vel Burden, son of George Bur- 

don, married at Shotton, 27th March, 1G92, to 
Mary Foster, daughter of Robert and Margaret 
Foster, of Hawthorne, in the county palatine of 
Durham, and had three sons and one daughter : 
George Burden, Robert Burden, John Burden, 
married Mary Mainby, and had two daughters, 
viz. : Mary Burden, married Jas. Verstone ; 
Priscilla Burden, married John Baynes ; — Mary 




-I am in doubt as to the correct spelling 
of the name Burden, whether its last vowel should 
be e or o. 


When was this word first introduced 

into the languages of Europe ? 

In the letter of Dr. Chanca, written January, 
1494, describing the second voyage of Columbus 
(Letters of Columbus, Hakluyt Society, London, 
1847), the word is frequently introduced as a 
Spanish word, and not in italics, as Indian words 
are, and explained in the same letter. But at 
that date Columbus had only returned from his 
first voyage nine months, and it is incredible that 
in that short time the word should have been in- 
troduced from the lan^ua^es of the West Indians, 
and incorporated with the Spanish. 

I am aware of the derivation from canna; but 
I wish to know whether the word canoe (canoa) 
occurs in any writer prior to 1494 ? 

Eden Warwick. 


Comets and Epidemia. — I have a work, Illus- 
trations of the Atmospherical Origin of Epidemic 
Disorders, of Health, &fc. $'C, by T. Forster, M.B., 
F.L.S., M.A.S., &c. &c, and published at Chelms- 
ford, 1829. In Bohn's edition of Lowndes men- 
tion is made of a Thomas Ignatius Maria Forster, 

and a list of his works is given, among which ap- 
pear two works with a somewhat similar title, but 
in no other way corresponding. Is the work be- 
fore me an unknown or unacknowledged one of 
T. I. M. Forster ? 

This work is one of considerable research, and 
is valuable for its historical references, and very 
much of its matter might be adduced in support 
of the sanitary theories of more recent times. In 
one chapter of the book he supplies a catalogue of 
pestilence since the Christian era, in order to show 
that they were coincident with the appearance of 




[3'* S. I. Feb. 15, '62 

comets, or of other astronomical phenomena. The 
catalogue extends from the year 15 a.d. down to 
1829, Uie year in which the author terminated his 
labours. It is much too lengthy to give entire in 
your columns, as it occupies about forty closely* 
printed octavo pages. It is exceedingly curious, 
and so far as I have been able to test its accuracy 
as to dates is the labour of a careful student. 

It has in all times been a common notion that 
the heavenly bodies, when exhibiting extraor- 
dinary appearances or disturbances, imported 
change, disaster, or calamity. In our own day, 
among the vulgar, every eclipse or comet is re- 
garded as the harbinger of some storm, or inunda- 
tion, or some contagious disease. Even scientific 
men and philosophers have not thought such in- 
quiries unworthy of their pursuit. Nobodyof 
natural facts can ever be useless, if compiled with 
conscientious care. Mr. Forster does not strongly 
insist upon any hypothesis ; he aspires only to 
state facts, and, to use his own expressions, " to 
heap up useful observations, and apply to them 
the powerful engines of comparison and analogy." 

As I have been much interested in this parti- 
cular chapter of the work, I felt inclined to invite 
the attention of the curious to it. At the same 
time I should be glad to know whether my conjec- 
ture as to the author is correct ? * T. B. 

Colonel. — Johnson considers Minshew's deri- 
vation of this military title — u Colonna, Co- 
lumnar exercitus Columen;" and Skinner's " Colo- 
nialis, the leader of a Colony" equally plausible ; 
adding, " Colonel is now (a.d. 1755) sounded with 
two distinct syllables, CoVnel." Though educated 
under the latest of our lexicographer's contem- 
poraries, it never was my chance to hear the term 
thus elided. 

Milton, in his grave and stately measure, vin- 
dicates its tri-syllabic propriety 

"Captain, or Colonel, or Knight in arms 


and Butler, after his frolicsome fashion, verbalises 

it thus 

" Then did Sir Knight abandon dwelling, 
And out he rode a- Colonellincj ." 

Among the utilities of poetry, none are more 
evident than the verification of accents and quan- 
tities, which her sister, Prose, leaves in their tra- 
ditional uncertainty. 

But, more senili, I am wandering from my pur- 
posed Query. How, and when, did the canine 
letter (the canine syllable too) slip into this honour- 
able title, and phonetically slipslop its gallant 
bearers into Curnel ? Auceps Syllabarum. 

Defaced and Worn Coins. 

I am anxious to 

learn if there is any method known of restoring 
thejegends and devices on worn coins. Can any 

[• This is one of the acknowledged works of Dr. Thomas 
Forster. Vide "N. h Q.» l«t S . ix. 568; x. 108. -Ed.] 


reader of " N. & Q." assist me ? There is a plan 
mentioned by Sir David Brewster {Letters on 
Natural Magic) of reading inscriptions, by placing 
the coin on a hot iron ; but this method does not 
answer well in my hands. 

would be gladly received. 


Dodshon of Strauton. — Information as to 
the descendants of the Dodshons of Strauton 

The following may 
give some clue : Nicholas Dodshon of Strauton 
had — Christopher Dodshon, baptized 4th March, 
1635; was buried 13th January, 1720. He had 
John Dodshon, born 27th March, 1670. He was 
buried 8th August, 1746; he married Frances 
. . . . , and had Nicholas Dodshon, married 
to Frances Foster, 20th February, 1731, and had 
one son and four daughters. John Dodshon, born 
8th August, 1736, died unmarried. Sarah Dods- 
hon, born 19th January, 1732, died unmarried. 
Frances Dodshon, born 18th December, 1733, 
married Samuel Bewley, and had Sarah, married 
to John-Arcy Braithwaite.* Deborah Dodshon, 
born 17th October, 1741, married John Dodshon. 
Mary Dodshon, born 3rd March, 1744, married 
Joseph Studholme. F. J. 

Ecclesiastical Commission of 1650. — Where 

are the records of this Commission to be found ? 

M. W. 

Electioneerers, — Referring to the govern- 
ment of the United States, J. S. Mill, in his work 
on representative government, says : 

" When the highest dignity in the States is to be con- 
ferred by popular election once in every few years, the 
whole intervening time is spent in what is virtually a 

canvass. Presidents, ministers, chiefs of parties, and their 
followers are all electioneered," &c. 

I wish to inquire whether this is a vulgarism, 
why the word should not follow the mode adopted 

in " auctioneer,'' " pamphleteer ? " And whether 
any, and if so what other words of the like for- 
mation could be used in writing good English ? 

W. S. 

Literary Anecdotes. — In a French work, 
entitled Curiosites Litter aires, which I recently 
picked up, I found the two following anecdotes ; 
which I now send you in an English form : 

1. " When Dr. Johnson was compiling his celebrated 
Dictionary of ike English Language, he wrote to the 
Gentleman's Magazine, asking its readers if any of them 
could furnish him with the etymology of the word Cur- 
mudgeon, The query soon met with a reply, and the 
information received was entered in his work as follows: 
' Curmudgeon, subs., faulty mode of pronouncing cceur 
mediant — anonymous correspondent.' The sentence was 
soon copied into another English dictionary thus: ' Cur- 
mudgeon, from the French words cceur (anonymous), and 
mecliant (correspondent )." 

2. u Pope, in one of his notes on Shakespeare's play of 
Measure for Measure, mentions that the plot is taken 
from Cinthio's Novels, dec. 8, nov. 5, i. e. 8th decade, 

novel 5th. Warburton, the critic, in his edition of Shake- 

* John-Arcy Braithwaite died at Lancaster. 

3'd S. I. Feb. 15, '62.] 




vember 5." 

restores the abbreviations thus, December 8, 

Is there any truth in the above anecdotes ? 

L. H 


In Rog 

lections, p. 59, occurs the following remark. 
.Rogers loquitur : 

" I wish somebody would collect all the epigrams writ- 
tea by Dr. Mansel (Master of Trim Col. Oxford, and Bp. 
of Bristol.) They are remarkably neat and clever." 

I have been unable to discover any of these 
productions, and you would confer a benefit by 
giving me some information respecting them. 

John Taylor. 

John Pikeryng. — Can you give me any ac- 
count of the following old play and its author, in 
the British Museum : A newe Enterlude of Vice, 
conteyninge the Historic of Horestes, with the cruell 
reuengment of his Father's Death, upon his one 
naturell Mother, 4to, 1567? The author, John 
Pikeryng. Zeta. 

" Piromides." — Who is the author of a drama 
called Piromides, an Egyptian Tragedy. Dedi- 
cated to the late Earl of Elgin, London, 1839. 


Robert Rose. 

N. & Q 

any biographical 
Robert Rose, 


particulars relating 
" the bard of colour." He w; 


native of the West Indies, author of Recollections 
of the Departed, serio-comic pieces, &c, about 
1839. What are the titles of his other works, 
poetic or dramatic ? Zeta. 

Michael Scot's Writings 
The list of the works of Michael Scot, who trans^ 
lated several of the writings of Aristotle, contains 
the three following titles : 

1. " Imagines Astronomical" 

2. " Astrologorum Dogmata," 1. i 

3. " De Signis Planetarum." 


names are John, Roger, Michael, Caesar, Gilbert, 
Richard, Charles (in Ireland Cormac), Thomas, 


The female 

family names are, Austace, Eleanor, Bridget, Mary, 
Catharine. Perhaps these may resemble our dis- 
tant kinsmen's names in England. A lizard is 
our crest. Anyone giving in your columns in- 
formation about this matter will greatly oblige 

John P. Sutton. 

P.S. Our branch in Ireland have been cele- 
brated for huge stature. Have small brown eyes, 
and auburn-like hair. Females were always ex- 
ceedingly handsome. 

Early Edition of Terence. — I have an early 
edition of Terence, with notes, &c, of Petrus 
Marsus and Paulus Malleolus. At the end of the 
volume is placed the following conclusion (on 
" foliu cxvi.") : 

" ^[ Petri Marsi et Pauli Malleoli in Terentianas 
conicedias adnotationes cu marginariis exornationibus et 
voculorum difficiliu expositionib* sortite sunt fine. Anno 



The volume has been slightly mended at the 

beginning ; but not, I think, so as to hide any 


The only similar book I can find mentioned in 


the Grenville Library at 


press-mark 9466 (vi. Brunet) ; but this has a 
rather more complete " Index Vocabulorum " than 
my copy, and in other respects looks as if it were 
of a later edition. In both cases the lines of the 
plays are not divided. Can any of the subscribers 

N. & Q 

place of publication of my copy ? Also, if it is of 

any value or rarity ? 

The copy in the British Museum has a woodcut 

mine has 

E. G. 

at the commencement of each play 


works in his Recherches sur les Traductions d? Ari- 
stote, p, 127 (ed. 1843), states that he has no in- 
formation on these three articles. Michael Scot 
was an astronomer and an astrologer ; it does not 
appear whether these works were original, or only 
translations. Can any of your correspondents 
throw light upon the subject ? G. C. Lewis. 

Sutton Family. — Could any of your readers, 
through your interesting columns, give the name 
of the baron who came over to England with the 
Conqueror, from whom are descended the family 
of the Suttons ? The Suttons are represented in 
England by Sir John Sutton and Lord John Man- 
ners Sutton ; in France, by General the Count de 
Clouard, whose name is John Sutton, and is the 
finest soldier in France in form. In Spain by 

General Sutton, also bearing the title of Count de — 

Clouard ; and in Ireland by my father. Our family tender. 

Universal Suffrage. 

" Before Henry VI. time, all men had their voice in 
choosing Knights ... In his reign, the 40 v. law was 
passed.' 1 — Selden's Table Talk. 

Is there anything in the books to show that the 
poorer class of persons ever generally exercised 
the privilege of voting, or how they received the 
statutes 8th and 10th Henry VI., which deprived 

them of that privilege ? 

D. M. Stevens. 


Webb Family. — I should be happy to ex- 
change Notes referring to Webb families with any 
of your correspondents, and also to obtain replies 
to the following Q 

What was the lineage of Major General Webb, 
distinguished in the German and American wars 
of the earlier part of last century ? I presume lie 

was son to the 

Webb dismissed from the 

service in 1714, for sympathy with the old Pre- 

The family was Gloucestershire. 





■ m > 

Is there any connexion between Webb of Kent others cynical. " N. & Q." is not the place for 
("arms, a fess between three owls), and Webb of discussing the question, but I wish to ask, whether 

Lincolnshire (arms, a fess between three neurs- 
de-lis) ? Neither the Heralds' Visitations of 
Lincoln for 1634, nor 1666, mention any Webbs ; 
yet the arms are given in Berry. 

What became of the Webbs of Bottesham, con- 
cerning whom there are a good many references 

Thomas Webb of Botte- 
sham entered his marriage and issue at Heralds' 
College in 1619, but the pedigree is not continued 

in Sims's Pedigrees? 

any one has noticed, and endeavoured to account 
for, the abundant weeping among the ancients ? 
Tears of modern heroes are scarcely ever described 
by poets, or recorded by historians. W. B. J. 

Curious Devonshire Custom. 

"The Devonshire people have some original customs 

amongst them In the shops, wherever I 

made purchases amounting to, and over, one pound, I 
was invariably asked to walk to the upper end of the 

there; nor is anything said about thera in the shop, where was placed a chair on a nice piece of carpet. 
Visitation of 1680. An old alphabet of arms in The shopman would leave me there a moment, and retura- 
the College, temp. Car. II., assigns to them these 1Dg Wlt > a n - eat 8mall . tra 7 in hls hand ' he ™^ P™«* 

Az. on a chief or, three martletts gu. 
Crest 9 a griffin's head erased or, gorged with 
a crown of the last." 



Benjamin Webb, of St. Martin s Orgar, Lon- 
don, took out his arms in 1766, similar to the 
foregoing, with a bezant in addition ; and a dex- 
ter arm, holding a slip of laurel for crest. His 
pedigree in the College of Arms states, that he 
was the son of Benjamin Webb, citizen and linen- 
draper of London, and grandson of Richard Webb, 
of Bucklebury, Berks. Had this Richard any 
other sons beside Benjamin the linen draper, who 
was buried at Bunhill Fields ip 1755 ? As Lucy, 
sister to Sir Wm. Webb, Knt, Mayor, 1591, and 
mother of Archbishop Laud, was of a Berkshire 
family, there may be an affinity between the 

me with a glass of wine and a slice of plum cake." — 

Quakerism, or the Story of my Life, pp. 248-9. 

Will some one tell me if the custom is still 
practised ? I have never met with it in Devon- 
shire myself, though I have frequently made pur- 
chases in the shops of its different towns. 

G. W. M. 

Drama. — "Who are the authors of Julia, or 
the Fatal Return, a Pathetic Drama, 1822 ; The 
Innocent Usurper, a Drama, 1822 ? Zeta. 

Sir Wm. Webb, died 1599, and 

w a s 


buried at Bishopsgate, to' which parish he left 

In the parish books, both of St. Giles, Cripple- 
gate, and St. Luke, Old Street, there are records 
that "the Lady Berkely and Mr. Webb" gave 
sundry presents to those parishes : date, probably, 
cir. 1700. Who could these parties be ? 


(Huerfetf to it!) ^ugfuorg. 

The Seven-branched Candlestick. 
wing passage occurs in the 17th chapter of 


given in 
e. Jol 


rune, being, accord- 

Lastly, there is a discrepancy in the pedigrees 
of Webb of Canford and Oldstock, as 
Sir K. C. Hoare's Wilts and in Burk 
Webb, who married Mary B 
ing to one, brother of the first 7t night, ami accord- 
ing to the other of the first baronet. 
have had a son, John Webb of Sarnesfield and 
Sutton (Burke says of Clerkenwell), and othe 

tjuery, \V ho were these " others 

He is said to 


V «•" 


I would just add, that the earliest notice of the 
name of Webb that has yet come bef. 

ore me, is a 

7l° r(1 w f i \^vestone in Hitchin churchyard to 

John Web, buried there 1472. 

If you would kindly find a place for this lengthy 
Query, it would much oblige; as a word or two 
from some friends learned in genealogical matters, 
might save me a vast amount of labour in hunting 

up the history of this tribe. W \V° 

Mr. Nathaniel Hawthorne's Romance of Monte 

" They turned their faces cityward, and treading over 
the broad flagstones of the old Roman pavement, passed 
through the Arch of Titus. The moon shone brightly 
enough within it to show the seven-branched Jewish 
candlestick, cut in the marble of the interior. The ori- 
ginal of that awful trophy lies buried, at this moment, 
in the yellow mud of the Tiber; and, could its gold of 
Ophir again be brought to light, it would be the most 
precious relic of past ages in the estimation both of Jew 
and Gentile." 

I am anxious to know what authority there is 
for the statement, that the seven-branched can- 
dlestick of the Jewish Temple was lost in the 
Tiber. A Lord or a Manor. 

[After the triumph [of Titus] the candlestick was de- 
posited in the Temple of Peace, and according to one 
story fell into the Tiber from the Milvian bridge during 
the flight of Maxentius from Constantine, Oct. 28, 312 
A.D. ; but it probably was among the spoils transferred, 
at the end of 400 years, from Rome to Carthage by Gen- 
seric, A.D. 455 (Gibbon, iii. 291). It was recovered by 
Belisarius, once more carried in triumph to Constanti- 
nople, and then respectfully deposited in the Christian 
church of Jerusalem (Id. iv. 24) a.d. 533. It has never 
been heard of since. — Smith's Diet, of the Bible.] 

" Tottenham tn his Boots." — Who was, or is, 
Tottenham ? A few years since a lady saw, among 
other pictures in Dublin, one described as " Tot- 

Short Heath, Wolverhampton. 

Weeping among the Awn™™ t„ *i a , I * enham in his boots." She is desirous of know 

day Review of Jan'a^f I an ^ on ^The ™ S Wh ° ^"^ ™ S ' ° r " ? AMICUS * 

Art of Weeping," which some wnnlr ™1? a* • i Lories Tottenham, of Tottenham Green, co. Wex- 

I o, wmcu some would call stoical, for d, was elected one of the members for the borough of 


3'* S. I. Feb. 15, ? G2.] 



New R 

toss in 1727, which he continued to represent until 
his death in 1758. He was facetiously known as "Tot- 
tenham in his Boots " from the following circumstance. 
Braving the inconveniences of a severe attack of gout 
and bad weather, he rode post from the county of Wex- 
ford, and arrived in his boots at the House of Commons 
on College Green, Dublin, at a critical moment. The 
question, whether any redundancy in the Irish trea- 
sury should there continue, or be sent into England, was 
in agitation. Mr. Tottenham gave the casting vote in 
favour of his country; and in memory of his patriotic 
conduct, an excellent likeness of him in his travelling 
dress, and in the attitude of ascending the steps of the 
Parliament House, was painted by Stevens in 1749, and 
engraved by Andrew Miller of Dublin. The painting is 
now in the possession of the Marquis of Ely.] 

Vice- Admiral James Sayer. — I shall be much 
obliged for any information respecting the place 
of birth, services, &c, of Vice- Admiral James 
Sayer, who died in Oct. 1776, and lies buried in 
the parish church of St. ^Paul's, Deptford. 



Katherine his wife, one of the daughters and co-heirs of 
Rear-Admiral Robert Hughes. On the 22nd of March, 
1745-6, James Sayer was promoted to be Captain of the 
Richmond frigate. In the war of 1739, he had the thanks 
of the Assembly of Barbadoes for his disinterested con- 
duct in the protection of their trade; and he first planted 
the British standard in the island of Tobago. In the 
war of 175G, he led the attacks, both at the taking of 
Senegal and Goree ; and was Commander-in-Chief off the 
French coast at Belle Isle, at the time of making the 
peace in 17G3. On the 31st March, 1775, he was pro- 
moted to be Rear-Admiral of the Red ; on the 3rd Feb. 
1776, to be Vice of the Blue; and on the 28th April, 1777, 
Vice-Admiral of the White. He died on the 29th Oct. 
1776, aged fifty-six years. Arms: Quarterly 1 and 4; 
G. a chevron between three seapies arg. — Sayer. 2 and 
3 az. a lion ramp. 0. — Hughes. Consult Lysons's Environs 
of London, iv. 389, and Charnock's Biog. Navalis, v. 504.] 

Provincial Tokens. — In what works can I 
find an account of the tokens that have been issued 
in the different towns of Devonshire and Corn- 
wall, as I have looked in vain in the county his- 

tories ? 


[Consult Wm. Boyne's Tokens issued in the Seventeenth 
Century in England, Wales, and Ireland, 8vo, Lond. 1858 ; 
James Conder's Provincial Coins, Tokens, and Medalets, 
issued in Great Britain, Ireland, and the Colonies, 2 vols. 

4to, 1798-9; and Sharp's Catalogue of Sir George Chet- 

wy nd*s Collection.^ 

Aldermen of London. — Can any of the 
readers of " X. & Q." kindly tell me in what book 
I can find a correct List of the Aldermen of 
London during the seventeenth century ? 

H. W. C. 

[A List of the Aldermen of the several wards of the 
City of London, with the date of their election, from 1700 
to the present time, will be found in the Corporation 
Pocket Book, an annual privately printed. Before that 
date, application for any particulars must be made to the 
Town Clerk, F. VVoodthorpe, Esq., who has in his cus- 
tody the records of the Corporation.] 


(2 nd S. xii. 436, 529 ; 3 rd S. i. 36.) 

As much doubt, if not ignorance, prevails upon 
this subject even amongst the best- informed per- 
sons, a few words of information may not be un- 
acceptable in answer to your several querists, the 
result of my inquiries upon the point in question, 
viz. the authority under which the Archbishop of 
Canterbury is empowered to grant degrees. 

I have before me a copy of the Letters of 
Creation of the Degree of Doctor of Laws, by 
his Grace the present Archbishop of Canterbury. 
They commence by stating that his Grace is, by 
the authority of Parliament, lawfully empowered, 
for the purposes therein written, and are addressed 
to Jt. M. I. of the Middle Temple, London, and 
of the Island of Antigua, Barrister-at-Law ; and 
recites that, in schools 


instituted, a 
laudable usage and custom hath long prevailed 
that they who have with proficiency and applause 
exerted themselves in the study of any liberal 
science, should be graced with some eminent de- 
gree of dignity. And whereas, the Archbishops 
of Canterbury, enabled by the public authority of 

the law, do enjoy, and 


have enjoyed, the 

power of conferring degrees and titles of honour 

as by an authentic 




Book of Taxations of Faculties confirmed by au- 
thority of Parliament doth more fully appear, — the 
dignity of " Doctor of Laws " is then granted by 
the Archbishop " so far as in him lies, and the laws 
of this realm do allow" ; and the said R. M. I. is 
created an actual Doctor of Laws, and admitted 
into the number of Doctors of Laws of the realm, 
certain prescribed oaths being first taken by the 
said R. M. I. before the said Archbishop or the 
Master of the Faculties. 

And then follows this proviso : 

" Provided always that these Presents do not avail 
(the said R. M. I.) anything unless duly confirmed by the 

Queen's Letters Patent." 

The letters are 


under the seal of the 

Office of Faculties at Doctors' Commons, the 16th 
November, 1850. 

It would seem that the confirmation of the act 
of the Archbishop is required by his own proviso 
in the grant of the degree, and probably by the 
requirement of the authority of Parliament, which 
may be the act of 25 Hen. VIII. c. 21, cited by 
W. N. ; who does not show by what section of 
that act the power to grant degrees is given. 

The grant of the degree to R. M. I. was con- 
firmed by the Queen's Letters Patent on the 22nd 
day of the same month of November ; and which 
Letters Patent recite that the queen had seen the 
Letters Patent of Creation, which, and everything 
therein contained, according to a certain act in 
that behalf made in the Parliament of King Henry 



[3'd S. 1. Feb. 15, '62. 

VIII., are thereby ratified, approved, and con- 

Whether the practice of the Archbishop to 
grant degrees is confined to those of Doctor of 
Laws and Medicine, I do not know ; but from 
the words, "degrees" and "titles of honour," in 
the Letters of Creation to R. M. I., the power 

would not seem 

Dodo?' of 

dents better informed may say, whether the me- 
tropolitan prelate can confer the degrees of Master 
or Bachelor of Arts, or Doctor in Divinity. 

The degrees of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.), and 
D.C.L., as°well as of Divinity and Medicine, have 
been generally supposed to be academical honours, 
and confined to the Universities and academies of 
learning ; but the Letters of Creation of the Arch- 
bishop "admits his grantee into the number of 
"Doctor of Laws of the Realm," apparently an 
admitted class in the order of society ; but if so, 
how their precedency is regulated, or how placed, 
does not appear from any recognised authority of 

the Crown. 

By what authority the College of Physicians 

are empowered to grant the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine to their licentiates, unless by their char- 
ter of incorporation, I cannot say. The Fellows 
have it, no doubt, from their university degrees. 

J. R. 

several years ago used to amuse the passers by on 
Carlisle Bridge, Dublin, by reciting verses, and 
asking theological and controversial conundrums. 
One of the latter was, How to prove that St. Paul 
was a good Catholic, which was answered by 
" Shure he wrote an Epistle to the Romans ; but 
shew me if you can any he ever sent to the Pro- 

Without discussing the logic of Zozimus, I ap- 


Some, however, of your correspon- * d »j haye gome ^ 

n nrmpr tyiav sjiv. whether the me- F c " u u y^ty v . . r j „ r 


(2 nd S. xii. 518.) 

Such is the name given by F. J. M. to what I 
would call a rather profane parody on the story 
of the Finding of Moses. 

I fear we must designate as imaginary your 

correspondent's account of the mild old gentleman 

to whom he attributes the authorship, and who, 

he assures us, was invited to many a pious party 

for the treat he afforded " by using his poetical 

talents to make scripture stories more attrac- 
tive. 1 ' 

^ As for its " disfiguration of the rules of Syntax, 
richly illustrating the serio-comic of the Irish cha- 
racter," I cannot observe any very palpable gram- 
matical absurdities even in the incorrectly quoted 
specimen given by your correspondent, nor can I 

1 • •• W W • • * * 

discern in it any 



So fur as my experience enables me to judge, I 
believe, that, strange as it may sound, the English 
language is spoken with greater accuracy and 
purity by the middle classes of Dublin than of 

I am the fortunate possessor of a copy of the 
poem in question. There is no clue given in the 
MS. as to the authorship, but it was, as I remem- 
ber being told, intended to imitate the style of a 
well-known eccentric beggar, called Zozimus, who 

as to whether it is suitable for the pages of " N. 
& Q.," but, as notwithstanding its vulgarity, it 
possesses much real cleverness, and never having 
been printed that I am aware of, and as moreover 
F. J. M. has already introduced the small end of 
the wedge, I submit the document to the Editor's 
clemencv, first having altered two of the more ob- 
jectionable passages. 

The Finding of Moses. By Pseudo-Zozimus. 

" When Pharaoh ruled, in dreadful days of yore, 
He vexed the Jews, and did oppress them sore. 


He ordered all his subjects, without fail, 
To drown each Hebrew that was born a male; 
Lest that the Jews might afterwards outnumber 
The men of Egypt, and the land encumber. 

"Twas in those times of turbulence and strife, 
A Levite gentleman did take to wife 
A Levite lady, and in time there came 
A little Levite, — one of future fame. 
For three months full they kept him hid to save 
Their beauteous baby from a wat'ry grave. 
This poem, then, will tell you what they did, 
When the} T no longer could retain him hid: 
Within an ark of rushes, neatly laced 
Their much lov'd babe with mournful care they placed, 
Near the Nile's banks, where Pharaoh's lovely daugh- 
Might see the basket when she came to th' water. 

"On Egypt's banks contagious [Anglice contiguous] to 
the Nile 
King Pharaoh's daughter came to bathe in style 
Full twenty maidens, all of beauty rare, 
To hide her person from the public stare 
Surround her in a circle so exact 
That none could see a taste of her, in fact ; 
While some in crystal boxes soap conveyed 
T' anoint the person of the lovely maid, 
And others still with sponges soft were girt 
To wipe it off, for fear a towel might hurt. 
But bathing shirts or boxes they had none, 
Nor did they need them, for the glorious sun 
Made them superfluous by his glowing rays, 
Transcending my abilities to praise. 

" Now, after having had a splendid swim, 
She ran along the bank to dry her skin, 
And hot the basket that the babe lay in. 
4 What's this/ says she, < among the'flags that lies, 
A basket 'tis, if I can trust my eyes ! 
Pick it up quickly, for at lea>t 'tis clear 
If 'tis not that, 'tis something very queer.' 

..." Then, quick as thought, the order was obeyed; 
And straight before her was the basket laid, 
And round and round on every side 'twas turned, 
But nothing queer their anxious gaze discerned. 
* Och, Girls ! ' the Princess knowingly exclaims, 
i Give me the box, I'll see what it contains; ' 

B* S. I. Feb. 15, '62-] 



The box she got, and straightway burst the strings, 
And quick the cover from the basket flings — 
Perceives at once the little male and all, 
And also made the baby for to squall. 

" < Girls/ says she, with accents bland and mild, 
1 Which of yes is it owns the darlint child? 9 
And as they all were noisily denying 
The accusation 'gainst their honour lying, 
She straight exclaims, * The whole affair I see through, 
4 The little boy is certainly a Hebrew ! ' 
Then 9 moved by nature, she began to think 
The child had surely cried for want of drink ; 
And, if it were not soon and kindly nursed, 

* The little innocent would die of thirst. 

. Then straightway to her breast she raised the boy, 
His tinj' hands and toothless mouth t' employ; 
His little cry for one short moment ceased, 
But, disappointed of the accustomed feast, 
He raised his voice to such a fearful height/ 
That Pharaoh's daughter trembled at the sight. 

Ui No longer, Maids,' says she, * can I endure 
This mournful scene, so quick, a nurse procure/ 
A nurse they found convaynient to the place, 
Who owned to being of the Hebrew race ; 
She, axed if she would nurse the child and dress it, 
Made answer quickly, 'That I will, God bless it.' 
So Pharaoh's daughter, without more ado, 
Gave her the child, and goodly wages too. 
The child was nursed, and all the rest I knows is 
That Pharaoh's daughter called the baby Moses." 

J. R. G. 



(3 rd S. i. 39.) 

In compliance with the desires of your corre- 
spondent, Mr. J. 1ST. Chadwick, the following 
particulars of the late Mr. James Sillett have 
been collected from different sources. Mr. James 
Sillett, the father of the artist, resided at Eye, in 
Suffolk, but his eldest son James was born in 
Norwich in 1784. At an early age he evinced a 
strong predilection for the fine arts, and com- 
menced his studies in the humble grade of an 
heraldic and ornamental painter ; but in this oc- 
cupation he only found trammels to his favourite 
pursuit, ill-suited to his native genius, which 
was not long to be controlled, and he soon sought 
employment more in accordance with his taste in 
London. There he commenced as a copyist, and 
was afterwards engnged in that department for 
the Polygraphic Society. From 1787 to 1790 he 
studied from the figures at the Royal Academy 
under Professors Reynolds, Barry, and others, 
whose lectures he attended. He first exhibited 
his productions in Somerset House in 1796 ; and 
for the following forty years his pictures were 
generally admitted. Some of these were minia- 
tures, in which branch of the art he particularly 
excelled. Having made himself thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the rudiments of his profession, he 
returned to his native city, where he eminently 
succeeded in faithful delineation of dead game, 

fish, fruits, and flowers, which he skilfully exe- 
cuted in oil and water-colours. Later in life he 
made further advances in his profession, and 
painted some meritable productions from archi- 
tectural designs. 

About the year 1804 he went to Lynn-Regis, 
where he was employed in sketching the views 
afterwards engraved for Prichard's Histo?*y of 
Lynn. About the year 1810 he again returned 
to Norwich, where he died May 6, 1840. 

To painting he was devotedly attached, and, as 
a ruling passion, he followed the intricate mazes 
he attempted to weave in the ardour of his pur- 
suit with assiduity and success ; and as his linal 
hour approached, he declared that existence 
would be no longer desirable when deprived of 
the use of his pencil. 

He was contemporary with Oldbrome, whose 
landscapes are highly prized ; Hodgson, well 
known for his interiors ; Ladbroke, excelled in 
figures and landscapes ; Stannard, in architectural 
subjects ; Cotman was eminent for his etchings of 
ruins and brasses ; and more particularly with 
Captain (afterwards General) Cockburn, R.A., 
whose water-colour drawings will be long ad- 
mired for the novelty of his colouring, and the 

excellence of his creation. 




S. xii. 348, 406.) 

Natoaca ( 

cahontas, her true name) from the un maidenly 
imputation of having followed Captain Smith to 
England. Smith was very much her senior, had 
led an adventurous and remarkable life in various 
countries, and while effecting the first permanent 
settlement in Virginia, was twice rescued from 
death by Pocahontas. He was obliged to return 
to England in consequence of a severe wound, 
leaving the colony at Jamestown in confusion and 
danger, deprived of the only man whom the In- 
dians feared or respected. In 1612, two years 
after his departure, Captain Argal sailed up the 
Potomac on a trading expedition, and hearing 
that Pocahontas was in the neighbourhood, and 
knowing her friendship for the English, he invited 
her on board his vessel. He there retained her, 
and carried her to Jamestown ; hoping that from 
love to his daughter, Powhatan would make terms 
favourable to the English. But the noble-hearted 


chief, indignant at the treachery, refused to treat 
till his daughter was restored. 


learned En- 

glish, and a young settler named Rolfe, of good 
family, having become attached to her, they were 
married with Powhatan's consent, and peace en- 
sued between the colony and all the tribes subject 

to the chief. Three years after their marriage 





[3'd S. I. Feb. 15, '62. 

Kolfe and the princess visited England, yhere 
Pocahontas was suitably received by James I. and 
his queen, the latter being present at her public 
baptism. She remained a year in England ; and 
when preparing to return to Virginia, she died, in 
the 22nd year of her age, leaving one son. This 
son, after having been educated in England, settled 
in Virginia; and after a life of honour and pros- 
perity, he died, leaving an only daughter, from 
whom some of the best families in Virginia are 


This account is abridged from Peter Parley's 

Life of Smith, and Child's First Booh of History. 
The former volume I have lost, and my notes con- 
tain no account, of Smith's death; but I think I 
have read that Pocahontas visited him in England, 
and found him an infirm and maimed man, having 
never recovered from his injuries. It was not till 
nine years after Smith left Virginia that the first 
negro slaves were landed there, in 1619. I men- 

tion this, because in these days 


fiction used to make history palatable, that I fear 
lest Smith should be branded with having intro- 
duced the "peculiar institution" of the south. 

F. C. B. 

Mctoaca was the real name of her whom we 

should be placed in the hands of every one ad- 
mitted to the cure of souls, if not upon the list 
of books required of candidates for holy orders* 
Such is the unequalled knowledge of human 
nature displayed in it, and so wisely does he 
therein apply the principles and precepts of Holy 
Writ to the diversified characters and relative 
positions of the individual members of a pastoral 
charge. And never for a moment in any part of 
that admirable treatise does he lose sight of the 
divinely-inspired idea, of the priest's function be- 
ing to season as salt the souls of God's elect 
" Sal enim terras non sumus, si corda audientium 
non condimus." 

The Query with which I end this Note is as 
follows : — Can any of your correspondents in- 
form me what English versions, ancient and 
modern, exist of St. Gregory's Regula Pastoralis 
here mentioned, specifying where they may be 
seen, whether in public or in private libraries ? 

Surely in no language ought such a treatise to 

history is so often made subservient, to fiction, and be so freely available as in that of a people who 

glory in an ancestry derived from those to whom 
its author was the great apostle and pastor. N. S. 

Alchemy and Mysticisms (3 rd S. i. 89.) 
Delta should consult a catalogue of books on 

. — these subjects now on sale by Baillieu, Quai des 

know in history as Pocahontas, which was her Grands Augustines, 43, Paris ; and those of Mr. 
title. She was christened by the name of He- Bumstead, bookseller of London. I will with 

becca, and married John Eolic, an Englishman. 
Some of her descendants are in Philadelphia, and 
they are numerous in the Southern States. The 
eccentric John Randolph, of Roanoke, was one of 
them ; and he was proud of his descent from her. 

pleasure lend him M. Baillieu's. 


George Offor. 



Salt given to Sheep: St. Gregory: Regula 
Pastoralis (2 !ld S. xii. 159.) — Happily this 
practice is known as a part of sheep-farming, and 
is in frequent, albeit not universal, use in this 
part of the royal county. My object in askin 



so much to afford this information, as to tender 
my thanks to your correspondent Mr. John Wil- 
liams for drawing your readers' attention to that 

singularly beautiful passage in St. Gregory's 

our Lord's charee to the Seventy 

Homily on 

Browning's " Lyrics " (3 rd S. i. 89.) — I have 

a strong impression (though I have not sufficient 
confidence in my recollection to vouch quite posi- 
tively for the fact) that Mr. Browning, some few 
years ago, told a friend of mine in my presence that 
the admirable poem, " How they brought the good 
news from Ghent to Aix," is not founded upon 
any historic event in particular. 



Dr. John Pordage (2 nd S. xii. 419, 473) 

Some sixteen years since T copied the following 
items from the register of St. Andrews, Bradfield, 
Berks, of which parish Dr. 

Pordage .was 



a passage which is the true key-note, 

not only of that Homily, first delivered on 
fct. Lukes day or some other apostolic festi- 
val; but also of that great man's Regula Pasto- 
nibs, addrescd by him to his brother, Bishop of 
Ravenna. That whole Homily, indeed, and that 
whole treatise of The Pastoral Bale, prove the 
singular fitness of the first Gregory to have been 
made, if any other, the -rex gregis ecclesiastic*." 
It were even to be desired, so it has always seemed 

to me, that an English version of the treatise 

tor : 

" 16G3, Dec. 23, was buried, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Dr. Pordage. 

16G8, Aug. 25, was buried Mistress Mary, the wife of 
Dr. John Pordage." 


History of 

be found 

some account of the ejection of Dr. Pordage by 
the Committee for the Trial of Scandalous Minis- 
ters. The accusation against him charged him 
with holding intercourse with the powers of dark- 
ness. One witness deposed to having heard " un- 
earthly music " proceeding from the parlour of 

the parsonage during the winter evenings, a com- 


3 rd S. I. Feb. 15, '62. 




pliment to Miss Elizabeth's musical skill, and to 
the goodness of her spinet, but fatal to the rector 
who was turned out, and his accuser, a Presby- 
terian minister out of employment, turned in. In 
1661 the family of the old rector were 
allowed to return to the parish, and the intruder 
was ejected, was duly commendated as a sufferer 
for conscience' sake in Calamy's Martyrs, and is 
now to be celebrated with other similar worthies 
at the bi-centenary celebration of 1662. 

Wm. Denton. 

Trial of the Princess of Wales (3 rd S. i. 32, 


It would seem that in the year 1813 vari- 

ous editions were published, in and out of Lon- 
don, all professing to be reprinted from authentic 
copies of the original Delicate Investigation. I 
possess one with the following title : — 

" The Genuine Book. An Inquiry, or Delicate Inves- 
tigation into the conduct of Her Koyal Highness the 
Princess of Wales, before Lords Erskine, Spencer, Gren- 
ville, and Ellenborough, the Four Special Commissioners 
of Inquiry, appointed by his Majesty in the year 1806. 
Keprinted from an authentic copy, superintended through 
the press by the Right Hon. Spencer Perceval. Bristol: 
Printed and sold by E, Bryan, 51, Corn Street, 1813." 

It will be seen that this title is fuller than that 
of the book published by Lindsell, Wigraore 
Street, 1813, and corresponds entirely with that 
44 Reprinted and sold by Mr. Jones, 5, Newgate 

soc (a colter or ploughshare), and that it is a 
tenure of lands, by or for certain inferior ser- 
vices of husbandry, to be performed to the lord 
of the fee. Webster derives it from the Saxon 
soc, a privilege, from socan, secan, to seek, fol- 
low. The surname Hosa, Hoesse, Huse, or Hus- 
sey, is certainly not connected with either Husi 
or Hosea. In Cowers " Table of Antient Sur- 
names," at the end of his " Interpreter," he gives 
Hosatus et de Hosato, Hose, Hussey ; and says, 
" I have seen Johannes Usus Mare in Latin, for 
John Hussey" Again : some have translated the 
Latinized name Hosatus or Osatus, " hosed or 

Street, 1813." It seems highly probably, how- 
ever, that all these contain the whule of the origi- 
nal book of 1806. F 

C. H. 

booted " ; and Bailey derives Hussey from the 
French housse, a " sordid garment," both of which 
attempts are absurd. Pr. Ferguson, under 
" House," A.-S. and O.N. hus, says Huso and 
Husi are O.-G. names, corresponding with our 
House, Huss, and Hussey. The etymology of 
the name Hussey seems simple enough. It is the 
same with the Fr. surnames Houssaie and Hous- 
saye, and is derived from locality ; viz. from the 
Fr. houssaie, " a place full of holly," (Jwux). 
(Lamartine gives as local names Hosseia, and La 
Houssaie). Cf. the French surnames House, 
Houssel, Houssin, Houssart, and the names Husee, 
Husey, Hussy. In Irish names it assumes the 
form of Cushey and Cushee ; thus, Dangean-na- 
Cushey, " the castle of Hussey." Synonymous 
surnames are found in Bretagne ; as Quelein and 
Quelennec ; from Bas Bret, gelenn, holly. 

Christopher Monk (2 nd S. xii. 384, 442, 526.) 
After trying his right five several times in 



R. S. Charnock. 
of Cortez (2 nd S. xii. 454, 532.) 

ejectments at law, whether Christopher, Duke of 
Albemarle, was or was not the lawful son of 
George, Duke of Albemarle, all of which were 
decided in favour of Duke Christopher, the Earl 
of Bath filed a bill in Chancery against the plain- 
tiff in the above actions (Sherwin), and moved 

for a perpetual injunction to restrain Sherwin The 4th quarter described as Mexico may not be 
from bringing any more actions. Lord Chancel- generally known, and is shown as u Azure, 3 tur- 
lor Cowper refused the injunction, but the Earl retted Chateaux joined by a wall, argent, ma- 

Alonso Lopez de Haro, in his work, Nobilario 
Gencalogico de los Reyes y titidos de Espana, 
Part ii. p. 409, describes the arms of Cortes, 
Marquis of Guaxara in accordance with the se- 
cond description quoted by Mr. Woodward, but 
with the inescocheon of Or, 3 pallets gu., a bor- 
dure azure charged with 8 crosses pattee argent. 

of Bath, carrying it to the House of Lords, they 
adjudged the perpetual injunction prayed for. 
See Modern Reports, vol. x. p. 1. Also Sir Wal- 
ter Clarges against Sherwin, Modern Reports, vol. 

xn. p. 



W. II. Lammin. 

Taylor of Bifrons (2 nd S. 

xii. 519.) — The 
late and last Edward Taylor, Esq., of Bifrons, 
brother of Sir Herbert and Sir Brook Taylor, 
and of the first Lady Skelmersdale, left many 

Burke's Landed Gentry 
gives as complete an account of the family down 
to the living generation as perhaps Heraldicus 
would care for. 

soned, sable. In base, 2 bars wavy arg." 

Moreri, in the " Life of Cortez," in the Die- 
tiomiaire Hhtorique, describes the first wife as 
Francoise Suarez Pacheco, and the marriage took 
place in Cuba ; this may perhaps assist in tracing 
her family. 

A. W. M. 

Great Yarmouth. 

sons, who are still living. 

On the Degrees of Comparison (3 rd S. i. 


Mr. Sharpe's theory of inverted degrees 

of comparison is ingenious and novel, but I do not 
think that his facts support his hypothesis. 

Tenants in Socage 



S. i. 31.) — Cowel 

I will take 
examination : 

up one only of his examples for 
Mr. Sharpe derives better and best 

says this word may be derived from the Fr. 

from the positive bad. But what occasion is there 
to base the derivation of these vocables upon a 
word which contradicts their meaning, when in a 




[3 rd S. I. Feb. 15, '62. 

cognate Indo- Germanic language we find a regu- 
lar and more congenial positive still existing, 
though it is wanting in the English as it had pre- 
viously fallen out of the Anglo-Saxon ? 

better and best is still in daily use in the Persian 
language. Therein is to be found the word beh. 
good. Therein are also to be found the compa- 

is not possible to restore the enamel of the vellum 
when once lost ; but it may be partially done by 
the paste, rubbing it when dry with a piece of 
Avash-leather. I do not recommend any kind of 
The fact is, the original positive of our own varnish applied to vellum. The natural sui'face 

of the vellum, when it leaves a good workman's 
hands, on the book is very beautiful ; and if pre- 
served from scratching or scraping, may always 
rative behter, better ; and behtereen, best No be restored to its original purity by the process I 
native or foreign philologue has ever thought of describe. I have books more than two hundred 
deriving the Persian comparative and superlative years old, bound in vellum, which I have cleaned 
from bad, bad ; which exists in that language as by this process. Some of them have gilt borders, 

well as in our own. 

I will observe that it is probable that, in the 
Archaic periods of all languages, there were 
several forms of comparatives and superlatives ; 
which were afterwards disused and lost, except 
in those few surviving examples which are now 
considered irregular. H. C. C. 

Lammiman (2 nd S. xii. 529.) — Is not Lammi- 
man a corruption of Lambingrnan — the man who 
attended the ewes when lambing ? Or is it sim- 


ply Lamb-man (the i being inserted for euphony), 

like Coltman, Horsman, Sheepman, now Shipman ? 

Query, What is the derivation of Whyman ? 


Authorised Translator or Catullus (3 


S. i. G7.) — Your correspondent S. C. has mis- 

and these required great care ; but I succeeded 
in preserving all of the gilding that time had left. 

T. B. 

Quotation Wanted (3 rd S. i. 69.) 

" Forgiveness to the injured does belong, 
But they ne'er pardon," &c. 

Dryden, Conquest of Grenada, Part n. 

Act I. Sc. 2. 

E. M. 

Daughtehs of William the Lion (3 rd S. i. 
95.) — Allow me to inform Meletes that the 
substitution of 1225 for 1221 was a clerical error 
in my paper on this subject. I am sorry that 
such a mistake escaped me, and I will endeavour 
to be more careful in future. My authority for 
calling the youngest Princess Margery, or Marion, 

taken the intention of the advertiser. Pie evidently was ? Irs - Everett Green s Princesses of England, 
only meant to state that he was the authorised i vo1 - 1# - P- 393 - She sa y s (quoting Balfour) : 

: " The youngest, Marjory or Marion, was exclusively 
1 under his [her brother Alexander's] care until her mar- 

translator of Macaulay's History and translator of 
Catullus. Such specimens of bad 

grammar are 


too frequent in advertisements, but we may hop 
that the advertiser is a better German than 

English scholar. 



riage in 1235." 


Pencil Writing (2 nd S. x. 57, 255, 318 )— On 
the back of one of the Cottonian MSS. (Galba, 

Washing Parchment and Vellum (2 nd S. xi. ^: ^0 Charles V. has hastily scrawled his name, 

190, 234.) — One of your correspondents asks' for wit . h the . date ' /'Bologna, 1517" ; and if the ma- 

the best method of washing parchment or vellum. te " a } w ^h which he wrote it were not a lead- 
pencil, I never saw a better imitation of one. 


Juryman's Oath (3 rd S. i. 52.) — The Booh of 
Oaths, 1649: 

" The oath that is to be given to any Jury before evi- 
dence given in against a prisoner at the Barre : 

'Yon shall true deliverance make between our Sove- 
lf there are r ^igne Lord the King and the prisoner at the Barre, as 

you shal have in charge, according to your evidence, as 

J will give him the method which I have adopted 
with complete success. I wash the surface with 
paste-water (that is, flour and water), boiled to 
the consistence of cream, and applied with 
sponge while hot. Hot water and soap will re- 
move the dirt from the surface ; but if there are 


any scratches, or places where the surface is re- 
moved, the paste helps to restore it. 
stains or ink spots, these must be removed by 

dilute nitric acid. «••'•■- 

Slight stains may often be ^U^^L&XZZ^ »o helpe you God, 

removed by putting a few drops of nitric acid in 
the paste-water ; but if they are of old date, and 


intense, the acid must be stronger, according 
circumstances, and carefully applied after ali° the 
dirt has been washed away. In washing the vel- 
lum, care must be taken not to let the"" 

and hy the contents of this booke.' " 

On the trial of the Regicides, the oath to each 
juryman was : 

" You shall well and truly try, and true deliverance 
make, between our Sovereign Lord the King and the 
prisoners at the Bar, whom you shall have in charge, 

remain on the surface long; as that might per- 
meate the skin, and loosen it from the mill-board 

moisture according to your evidence. So help you God." 

that the 

beneath. There 

parchment, as it is more porous than velTumT it 

What can Lumen mean by saying 
words " according to the evidence " were left out ? 

a greater liability to this in See State Trid%7jlKwZinPi\Z\l 
lore norous thnn V oii« m i> i oee olcae lrml6 D y nargiave, 1//0, u. ai*. 



G. Offob. 


S^S. I. Feb. 15, '62.] 



Hebrew Grammatical Exercises. — A Stu- 
dent will find plenty of exercises for translation 
into Hebrew in Mason & Bernard's Hebr. Oram. % 
published in 1853 by Hall of Cambridge.* At 
the end of the 2nd vol. there is a key to the 

F. Chance. 

?w Booh some- 

In T. B 

thing of tl 




(3 rd S 

by a Student will be 

J. Eastwood. 

i. 93.) — The sketch 

noticed by your correspondent in his N.B. was 
made by Mr. John G-. Lockhart, subsequently 
Editor of the Quarterly Review % and son-in-law of 
Sir Walter Scott. Mr. Lockhart was at that 
time in practice (of no great extent) as a Scotch 

Your correspondent has apparently never been 
present at a Scotch criminal trial, otherwise he 
would not have spoken of Douglas standing at 
the bar. In Scotland a person under trial sits 
during the whole proceeding, except when he is 
called on to rise in order to plead to the indict- 
ment, or to allow a witness to speak as to his 
identity. It is not as in England, where one 

be for 

(it may 
fe) has the additional discomfort of 


standing often for hours, and is, generally speak- 
ing, not permitted the indulgence of sitting, except 
on the score of ill health. T 
Douglas shows the bust only ; 1 
that of one in a sitting posture. 




Melanges curieux et anecdotiques, tires (Tune Collection de 
Lettres autographes, et de Documents Historiques, ay ant 
Appartenu a M. Fosse-Darcosse ; publics avec les Notes du 
Collecteur et une Notice, par M. Charles Asselineau. 8vo. 
Paris: Techener. London: Barthfcs and Lowell. 

When this budget is in the hand of our readers, the 
auctioneer will be busy dispersing one of the most splen- 
did collections of autographs that were ever gathered 
together by the zeal of a thorough amateur. M. Fosse'- 
Darcosse, late conseiller referendaire at the Paris cour des 
comptes, must have spent a fortune in accumulating these 
treasures, and we have no doubt that the sale thereof 
will produce a perfect harvest, and excite the greatest 
competition. The catalogue we are now announcing, pre- 
pared with the utmost care by M. Charles Asselineau, 
is a curious and instructive contribution to the history of 
literature; the principal items enumerated are made the 
subject of copious notes, and the preface sets forth both 
the unquestionable importance of autographs, and the 
claims of M. Fosse-Darcosse to the gratitude of enlight- 
ened bibliographers. M. Charles Asselineau takes for his 
text Cardinal Richelieu's well-known remark, viz. that 
"sur quatre lignes de l'£criture d'un homme on peut lui 
faire un proems criminel ; " and he shows how the charac- 
ter, the habits, the temper, the qualities of an individual 
are, so to say, stamped in his hand-writing. This, per- 

don : G. Bell (Bell & Daldy), Fleet Street. 

haps, is not a very new discovery, if we consider that fair 
advertisers in the columns of The Times newspaper un- 
dertake for the trifling remuneration of two shillings or 
half-a-crown to unravel your own soul before you with 
the help of twenty lines of your best calligraphy; but 
still it proves the real value of autographs, and, we have 
no doubt, with M. Charles Asselineau, that the science of 
autograph-collecting will soon boast of a guide as sure as 
Barbier's Manuel du Libraire. The magnificent collec- 
tion, for -which we are indebted to M. Fosse-Darcosse, 
comprises about 4000 separate articles, the chief ones being 
further illustrated by portraits, caricatures, facsimiles, 
newspaper-cuttings, and other documents of the same 

Amongst the pieces relating to English 

mentions the following: 





History the 

letter in the handwriting of James II. ; a letter in 
handwriting of Samuel Richardson, on the death of 
poet Klopstock's wife (date, January 19, 1759); 
page 4to. in the handwriting of Sir Walter Scott, 
&c. Altogether, the Darcosse gallery will certainly be 
the talk of the season in the literary world, and we recom- 
mend M. Asselineaus catalogue raisonne as an amusing 
study even for those who, alas ! like the fcuilletoniste of 
"N. & Q.," cannot spend money upon autographs. 

de VArclti- 

Annuaire du Bibliophile, du Bibliothecaire et 

par Louis Lacour. 
Meugnot ; Claudin. 

viste pour V Annee 1862; 

In- 1 8. Paris: 




Barthes & Lowell. 

M. Louis Lacour has just issued the third yearly vo- 
lume of the Annuaire du Bibliophile. In the preface to 
this excellent publication, the learned author very aptly 
remarks on the useless and imperfect character of the 
common run of annuaires. Instead of putting together a 
few correct details, referring directly to the subject of 
the book, the compilers generally begin by presenting us 
with an almanack; an abstract of the Post-Ofiiee Direc- 
tory inevitably follows; and the few remaining pages are 
devoted to critical, or rather eulogistic, notices of works 
published by the firm which has taken the risk of the 
annuaire. M. Lacour adopts quite a different plan ; biblio- 
graphy being his speciality, he confines himself to books 
and their history, finding within that circle a sufficient 
harvest of facts to set before his readers. The first part 
of the Annuaire du Bibliophile is taken up by statistical 
details of an official nature. Under this head we have 
the list of all the government clerks appointed since the 
Revolution of 1789 to the management and surveillance of 
public libraries; the list of the chief collections scattered 
throughout the departments is likewise added, as also a 
short, but complete, account of foreign museums, private 
archives, collections of autographs, &c. &c. The second 
division of the work comprises a series of papers interest- 
ing from their practical value or their piquant charac- 
ter: here we have noticed especially the description of a 
useful method for restoring old books. The bibliographi- 
cal news of the last vear are chronicled in the third 
section ; changes that have happened in the administra- 
tion of libraries, purchases of rare and valuable books, 
legislative or judicial decisions respecting printers, pub- 
lishers, book collectors and book stealers — all these, and 
various other facts bearing upon the same topic, receive 
their due amount of analysis. 

the literary notabilities, removed from amongst us by the 
hand of death, recalls to our memory a long and mourn* 
ful array of worthies ; the enumeration of the principal 
book sales has not been forgotten; and the volume winds 
up with a catalogue of the publications of note issued 
during the course of the year. The useful character of 
the Annuaire du Bibliophile will, we hope, be evident from 
the few remarks we have offered about it. M. Louis 
Lacour further announces for the 25th of the month the 
appearance of a new periodical, to be entitled Les An- 

A necrological list of all 




O* S. I. Feb. 15, '62 

nales du Bibliophile. It will be conducted by himself, and 
cannot fail to prove a most interesting monthly buMetin. 

In our last feuilleton we alluded to the edition of 
Madame de SevigneTs letters which was in course of pre- 
paration from the MSS. of the late M. de Montmerqud 
The first two volumes have been recently published 
(Paris and London: Hachette), and the care which has 
been bestowed upon them, the correctness of the print- 
ing, the beauty of the type and of the paper, amply 
justify the eulogies already passed upon the undertaking 
by M. Sainte-Beuve, M. Cuvillier-Fleury, and several 
other leading critics on the Gallican side of the Channel. 
Since the voluminous collection of the Benedictines, no- 
thing, we may boldly say, had been devised of such mag- 
nitude, of such real importance, as the series now begun 
by Messrs. Hachette; for the reader will observe that far 
more is intended than the publication of Madame de 
Sevigne's correspondence. All the great writers of France 
are to be included in this magnificent library, and the 
contemplated array of three hundred volumes will scarcely 
suffice, even if the editor does not ascend higher than Mal- 
herbe. But our present business is with Madame deSe- 
vign£ and with her friends ; let us devote to them the few 
remarks we purpose offering here. The Chevalier de 
Perrin is the first who published a decent edition of the 
famous letters ; his two rccueih, bearing respective! j r the 
dates 1731 and 1754, had been examined and approved 
by Madame de Simiane, the granddaughter of Madame 
de Sevigne; they were accordingly deemed to be beyond 
the attacks of criticism, and they served as a model to all 
subsequent editors. M. de Montmerque himself, in his 
edition of 1818, had followed in many cases the text of 
Perrin; but this was only whenever he could not have 
recourse to original MSS., and forty years ago the inves- 
tigations of savants and literary men had not brought to 
light the treasures which we now possess. 

There are two questions to be considered in a case of 
this nature— 1st, Whether the alterations made to the text 
are of a serious character? and, 2nd, Whether they can 
be in some way justified? As for the first, the slightest 
comparison instituted between the edition of 1754 and 
the present one will prove that the Chevalier de Perrin 
modified the letters of Madame de Sevigne in every pos- 
sible manner. Several words or locutions generaliv used 
during the seventeenth century have since been repudiated 
on account of their coarseness or vulgarity ; the.*e are uni- 
formly eliminated by Perrin ; a few passages are likewise 
suppressed containing allusions to well-known persons, 
whose immediate relatives might have protested against 
statements of an offensive or libellous stamp. "Such 
emendations may perhaps be justified; but when a third- 
rate litterateur like the obscure Chevalier attempts to cor- 
rect Madame de Sevigne's style, curtailing here, arrang- 
ing there, striking out whole pages, 
what appears to him unnecessary go* 
plain too loudly of such unwarrantable liberty, 
epistolographer * ~ - - j 

si mes let t res m 



gossip, Ave cannot com- 

The fair 

says in one of her letters: " J'espere que 
eritoient d'etre lues deux fois, il se trou- 

t as they were. 

safest course is to leave classical authors jus 
Our ideas of taste, propriety, bienseance 9 8n.,t 

ftV /»^r i r • • - -, —., are apt to vary 

exceedingly from one century to the other, and if the 
system of corrections is adopted, it will be necessary to 

ZZZT^\" VQry M ! y ° r Slxt y years, our standard 
J i ? J i{ \ t0 mee thQ taste of th « Public. After half 

original text? emendations > what would become of the 

By way of preface to the work, M. Paul Mesnard has com- 
posed a biography of Madame de Sevign^, which, although 
designated under the modest appellation Notice, is in eve'ry 

way a truly remarkable work. Whilst discussing such a 
subject, it w r as almost impossible to avoid treating de 
omnibus rebus ; for Madame de S£vign6 was connected by 
ties of either relationship or close intimacy with the 
leading personages of the seventeenth century, and her 
voluminous correspondence illustrates the whole history 
of the reign of Louis XIV. The trial of Fouquet, the 
campaigns and melancholy death of Turenne, the affairs 
of Port Royal, the fortunes of Madame de Montespan and 
Madame de Maintenon, — in fact, the entire annals of Ver- 
sailles are referred to, more or less in detail, by the lively 
marchioness; and her anxiety to supply her daughter 
with the latest court news led her to observe closely the 
various scenes which she was called upon to take a part 
in. Hence the necessity for M. Paul Mesnard to group 
round the principal figure of his sketch a number of 
secondary portraits, which complete the effect, and, be- 

kind of kev to many incidents 

sides, serve as a 
lated in the letters. 

of key to many incidents re- 
We wish time would allow us to 

reproduce here a few of M. Mesnard's judicious strictures; 
the attentive perusal of his Notice biographique has con- 
firmed us in the opinion that Madame de Sevigne was a 
very independent original character, at an epoch when 
dull uniformity reigned supreme; her admiration for 
Corneille; her sympathies with Pascal and Nicole; her 
partiality for Cardinal de Retz, revealed in her a strong 
leaven of the Frondeur element, and proved that she 
would not submit to be fettered either by public opinion 
or bv interest. But we must forbear from further details. 
We shall only state in conclusion, that the first two vo- 
lumes of M. Ilachette's edition contain two hundred and 
sixty letters, accurately printed, and copiously annotated ; 
a few are now published for the first time; the others 
have been collated with the originals or with the most 
genuine texts. 





Particulars of Price, &c. of the following Books to be sent direct to 
the gentlemen by whom they are required, and whose names and ad- 
dresses are given for that purpose : — 

The New Art of Memory; founded upon the Principles taught by M. 
Jrescor Von Fcinaigle, illustrated by Engravings. 8vo. London, 



"Wanted by 3£r. II. Frere, Bcccles, Suffolk. 

Hose's General Biographical Dictionary. 3 concluding volumes. 

"Wanted by Iter. J. Halves, 2, Old Jewry, London, E.C. 

The Glasse of Time, by Thomas Peyton. 1620. 
Wanted by John Wilson, Eookseller, 93, Great Russell Street, London. 

Any Works or Translation of the Works of Michael de Molinos. And 
also any of the Original Writings of Madame Guyon. 

Wanted by 12. B. II., Stanton, Bebrington, Cheshire. 

$atitt& ta €axtt&Qttvtotnt*. 

Jayd^e is thanked* We had already taken steps to prevent a repeti- 
tion of it. 

IT. S. T. (Birmingham.) The Query would lead to a theological dis- 
cussion, unsuited to our columns. 

Charles Ebury is thanked, We think he is mistaken in supposing 
that the hnylish translations published in the Dublin Literary Gazette in 

1830, signed ltosenkrantz, were by the well-known Professor of that 


m "Notes and Queries" is published at noon on Friday, and is also 
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yearly Index) is lis. 4c/., which may be paid by Post Office Order in 
favour of Messrs. Bell and Daldy, 186, Fleet Street, E.C; to whom 
all Communications for the Editor should be addressed. 

3 rA S. I. Feb. 15, '62.] 





Founded A.D. 1842. 



H. E. BicknelLEsq. 
T. S. Cocks, Esq. 
G. H. Drew, Esq. M.A. 
"W. Freeman, Esq. 
J. H. Goodhart, Esq. 

E. Lucas, Esq. 

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Physician.— W . R. Basham, M.D. 
* Bankers.— Messrs. Biddulph, Cocks, & Co. 

Actuary. — Arthur Scratchley, M.A. 


POLICIES effected in this Office do not become void through tem- 
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LOANS from 100Z. to 500?. granted on real or first-rate Personal 

Attention is also invited to the rates of annuity granted to old lives, 
for which ample security is provided by the capital of the Society. 

Example: 100Z. cash paid down purchases — An annuity of — 

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9 15 10 to a male life aged 60\ 
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18 6 „ 75J 

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on SAVINGS BANKS, containing a Review of their Past History and 
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CnARLES BERWICK CURTIS, Esq., Deputy Chairman 









This Company offers the security of a lanrc paid-up capital, held in 
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There have been three divisions of profits, the bonuses averaging 
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Sum Assured . Bonuses added. Payable at Death. 

£5,000 £1,987 105. £6,987 105. 

1,000 397 10s. 1,397 105. 

100 39 155. 139 155. 

To assure £100 payable at death, a person aged 21 pays £2 25. id. per 
annum; but as the profits have averaged nearly 2 per cent, per annum, 
the additions, in many cases, have been almost as much as the pre- 
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The funds or property of the company, as at 1st January, 1861, 
amounted to £730,665 7s. 10c/., invested in Government and other ap- 
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Prospectuses and every information afforded on application to 

E. L. BOYD, Resident Director. 

OLLOWAY'S OINTMENT.— In bad legs, 

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The Right Hon. LORD TREDEGAR, President. 

Wm. Samuel Jones, Esq., V.P. 
Wm. F. Pollock, Esq., V.P. 
Wm. Dacres Adams, tsq. 
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Lord Geo. Henry Cavendish, M.P. 
Frederick Cowper, Esq. 
Philip Hardwick, Esq. 

Richard Gosling, Esq. 

Peter Martineau, Esq. 

John Alldin Moore, Esq. 

Charles Pott, Esq. 

Rev. John Kussell,D.D. 

James Spicer, Esq. 

John Charles Templer, Esq. 

The Equitable is an entirely mutual office. The reserve, at the last 
"rest," in December, 1859, exceeded three-fourths of a million sterling, 
a sum more than double the corresponding fund of any similar in- 

The bonuses paid on claims in the 10 years ending on the 31st De- 
cember, 1859. exceeded 3,500,<,OOZ., being more than 100 per cent, on the 

amount of all those claims. 

The amount added at the close of that decade to the policies existing 
on the 1st January, 1860, was 1,977,0007., and made, with former addi- 
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These additions have increased the claims allowed and paid under 
those policies since the 1st January, 18B0, to the extent of 150 per cent. 

The capital, on the 31st December last, consisted of — 

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3,"0G,297/. — cash lent on mortages of freehold estates. 

300,0007. —cash advanced on railway debentures. 

83,5907. — cash advanced on security of the policies of members of the 

Producing annually 221, 4827. 

The total income exceeds 400,0007. per annum. 

Policies effected in the year 1862 will participate in the distribution 
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