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OTES and QUERIES: 






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LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES, 

GENEALOGISTS, ETC. 



" When found, make a note of." — Captain Cuttle. 



THIRD SERIES.— VOLUME SECOND 



July — Decembek, 1862. 



LONDON: 

BELL & DALDY, 186, FLEET STREET, 

1862. 





















»• 












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LOXDOK 



PRTKTBD BY SPOTTI8WOODB 15D CO. 






JfEWBSKI SQTTAIE 






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LIBRARY 



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UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 












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NOTES 



AND 



QUERIES 



A MEDIUM OF INTER-COMMUNICATION 



FOR 



LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES, GENEALOGISTS, ETC 



" When found, make a note of." — Captain Cuttle. 



No. 27.] 



Saturday, July 5, 1862. 



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I Stamped Edition, Scf. 



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Monasticism in the West — Benedict of Nursia. Part II. 
The Epistle of St. Jude. 

Clement of Alexandria, and his Defence of the Faith. 
What is Superstition ? 
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Exegesis of Difficult Texts. 
Peter's Denial of Christ. 

New Testament Critics : Tischendorf vc rsus Tregelles. 
The Antediluvian World, its Longevity, and Progress in the Arts. 
The Gospel of St. Luke. 

Considerations on the State of Man; tending to a Holy Life. 
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the 

Ex- 



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NOTES AND QUERIES 



[3* d S. II. July 5, '62. 



NOW READY, TRICE SIX S 




tit 



G8. 





R M' 




N 




PREACHED IN WESTMINSTER: 



REV. C. F. SECRETAN, 

Incumbent of Iloly Trinity, Vauxhall Bridge Road. 

The Profits will be given to the Building Fund of the West- 
minster and Pimlico Church of England Commercial 

School. 

CONTENTS : 



I. 

n. 
m. 

IV. 

V. 

VI. 

VII. 

viii. 

IX. 
X. 



The Way to be happy. 

The Woman taken in 
Adultery. 

The Two Record! of Crea- 
tion. 

The Fall and the Repent- 
ance of Peter. 

The Good Daughter. 

The Convenient Season. 

The Death of the Martyrs. 

God is Love. 

8t. Paul's Thorn in the 
Flesh. 
Evil Thoughts. 



XI. 

XII. 

XIII. 

XIV. 

XV. 

XVI. 
XVII. 

win. 



Sins of the Tongue. 

Youth and Age. 

Christ our Rest. 

The Slavery of Sin. 

The Sleep of Death. 

David's Sin our Warning. 

The Story of St. John. 

The Worship of the Sera- 
phim. 

Joseph an Example to the 
Young. 

Home Religion. 

The Latin Service of the 
Romish Church. 



■ Mr. Secretan is a pains- taking writer of practical theology. Called 
to minister to an intelligent middle-class London congregation, he has 
to avoid the temptation to appear abstrusely intellectual,— a great error 
with many London preachers,— and at the same time to rise above the 
strictly plain sermon required by an unlettered flock in the country. 
He has hit the mean with complete success, and produced a volume 
which will be readily bought by those who are in search of sermons for 
family reading. Out of twenty-one discourses it is almost impossible 
to give an extract which would show the quality of the rest, but while 
we commend them as a whole, we desire to mention with especial re- 
spect one on the ' Two Records of Creation,' in which the vexata 
aucestio of * Geology and Genesis ' is stated with great perspicuity and 
faithfulness; another on * Home Religion,' in which the duty of the 
Christian to labour for the salvation of his relatives and friends is 
strongly enforced, and one on the * Latin Service in the Romish Church,' 
which though an argumentative sermon on a point of controversy, is 
perfectly free from a controversial spirit, and treats the subject with 
great fairness and ability."— Literary Churchman, 

** They are earnest, thoughtful, and practical — of moderate length 
and well adapted for families."— English Churchman. 

" This volume bears evidence of no small ability to recommend it to 
our readers. It is characterised by a liberality and breadth of thought 
which might be copied with advantage by many of the author's bre- 
thren, while the language is nervous, racy Saxon. In Mr. Secretin's 
sermons there are genuine touches of feeling and pathos which are im- 
pressive and affecting; —notably in those on 'the Woman taken in 
Adultery.' and on * Youth and Age.' On the whole, in the light of a 
contribution to sterling English literature, Mr. Secretan's sermons are 
worthy of our commendation."— Globe. 

*' Practical subjects, treated in an earnest and sensible manner, give 
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than such volumes in general possess. It deserves buccess."— Guardian. 

44 Mr. Secretan is no undistinguished man : he attained a considerable 
position at Oxford, and he is well known in Westminster— where he has 
worked for many years _ no less as an indefatigable and self-denying 
clergyman than as an effective preacher. These sermons are extremely 
plain — simple and pre-eminently practical— intelligible to the poorest, 
while there runs through them a poetical spirit and many touches of 
the highest pathos which must attract intellectual minds."— Weekly 
Mail. 

London: BELL & DALDY, 18G, Fleet Street, E.C. 



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INSTRUCTIONS for Tank Management, with Descriptive and 
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Apply direct to W. ALFORD LLOYD, 19, Portland Road, Regent's 
Park, London, W. 

44 Many manuals have been published upon Aquaria, but we confess 
we have seen nothing for practical utility like this.'* 

TheEra. Oct. 14th. 1M0. 



ANCIENT and MODERN COINS, MEDALS, 
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Ei. FJf W the P'* ferc,lce ' for u refreshes the memory." Empha- 
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single samples, Is. 

t. New Bond 8trtet, W. 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



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GOUT AND RHEUMATISM. A 



QN GOUT AND RHEUMATISM. A new 
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In Packets 2d., id., and Brf.t and Tins, la. 
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INFANTS' FOOD. 
To one dessertspoonful of Brown and Poison mixed with a ^j^/?** 



nnd feed the baby ; 
food should then be 



not otherwise, as the use of two dilfercnt milks 



Siff be injurious. 



3rd s. II. July 5, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



1 



LONDON SATURDAY, JULY 5, 1862. 

# 

CONTENTS— No. 27. 

NOTES • — Society of Sea-Serjeants, 1 — Sensation History 
ThSroi&ne de Mericourt, 2 — Lowndes's Bibliographers 
Manual : Notes on the New Edition, No. I., 3. 

MlffOR Notes : — Leicester Town Library — John MTre 
alias Campbell — Battle at Cropredy Bridge — Dover Far- 

QUERIES : — Pope's Epitaph on the Digbys, G — Belzebub\s 
Letter, lb. — De Coster, the Waterloo Guide, 7 — Alan de 
Galloway — Andrew Bates — Birds' -eggs — Berningh and 
Ter Hoeven Families — Rowland Blakiston — " Catalonia," 
a Poem — Coins, &c — Epithalamium on Her Majesty's 
Marriage — Gold Thread Work — Hampshire Registers — 
Heraldic Query — London Churches ante 166G — Old Bona 
;Fide — Old Sarum — Philpot the Martyr — Queen Mary 
and Calais — Quotations Wanted — Did the Romans wear 
Pockets ? — Short-hand — Sicilian Order — Tennyson : Ca- 
melot — Sir Martin Wright —Zurich Association for Micro- 
scopical Science, 7. 

Queries with Answers: — "The Rival Friends " — " To 

cotton to " — " The Marrow Controversy " — The Address 
to the Mummy, 9. 

REPLIES:— Coverdale's Bible, 10 — Mr. Justice Heath, 11 
Philips' (not Phillips's) " Cerealia," 12 — " A Hundred 
Sonnets," «&c — Quotation References, &c. — Dr. Joseph 
Browne — " Ranae Canorse " — Sark — Lae-chow Islands — 
The Blanshards — Blake Family — Jacob and James— The 
Reynoldses — Aerolites — Hooker's " Ecclesistical Polity " 
— [Hunter's Moon — The Rev. Jas. Gray — Shortened Pro- 
verbs — Gossamer — Nevison the Freebooter — Relative 
Value of Money — Board of Trade — Parodies on Gray's 
Elegy" — Whig — Superstition — Singular Custom at 



Grantham 



-., la 



Notes on Books, &c. 



THE SOCIETY OF SEA SERJEANTS. 

* 

This was the style and title of an association of 
gentlemen belonging to the four maritime coun- 
ties of South Wales. The Society was a secret 
one, having a peculiar form of initiation ; and the 
members of it were all men of family and fortune. 
They held an annual meeting at a seaport town, 
or one which was within the reach of the tidal 
influence. The ostensible (and I believe the real) 
object of the gathering was the promotion of in- 
nocent recreation and social intercourse ; but 
there were not wanting detractors, who attributed 
the periodical assemblage of gentleman of station 
and influence in secret conclave to motives of a 
very different character. They were secretly and 
openly accused of disaffection to the government, 
and of trafficking with the exiled royal family. 
This accusation, however, was always strongly 
and indignantly repudiated by the sea-serjeants 
themselves. The origin of the Society appears to 
have been forgotten, as authentic record only 
traces it back to the year 1726 ; at which time it 
was revived. The rules and regulations then 
drawn up limited the number of members to 
twenty-five. Gentlemen wishing to become mem- 
bers were obliged to continue probationers one 
y^r at least before they could be admitted, in 
case o€ a vacancy, to the participation of the full 
degree of «erjeant ; such was the caution they 



observed in the choice of their members. They 
had a president, a secretary, an examiner, and 
two stewards. When there was a call of Serjeants, 
that is, on their first admission, they were to at- 
tend in their coifs and proper habit of the order, 
unless the president should dispense with the 
same. A silver star, with the figure of a dolphin 
in the centre, was to be worn as a characteristic 
badge on the coat by every member during the 
week of meeting. And, u that there might be no 
suspicion of their want of gallantry, they came to 
a resolution, in the year 1749, to elect a lady 
patroness — an unmarried lady of the town or 
neighbourhood of their meeting " ; and "that, as 
soon as elected, the secretary was to wait on her 
with the badge of the Society ; and that the mem- 
bers, chaplain, and probationers, are allowed each 
of them to introduce a lady to attend the lady 
patroness to dine with the Society one day in the 
week. That every member heard to curse or 
swear, during the meeting in the public room, in- 
curred a penalty ; as did every person who should 
presume to play at dice in the public room, the 
heavy forfeiture of five guineas." The examina- 
tion of a candidate for admission to the Society 
was as follows : — 

" Tl £<tt\ to opofj.d <rov ; 

" Do you bear true allegiance to His Majesty ? 

" Are you a member of the Church of England as by 
law established ? 

Will you be faithful to your friends in prosperity, 
and cherish them in adversity ? 

" Do you desire to be admitted a member of this 
Society ? 

" Will vou faithful! v observe the rules and orders that 

*- * 

have been read to you ? 

" Will you, upon the honour of a gentleman, keep the 
secrets of the Society, and the form of your admission 
into it ? " 

From the period of the revival of the Society 
until its dissolution, there were three presidents : 
Colonel William Barlow was the first ; at his 
death, Richard Gwynne, Esq., of Taliaris, was 
elected president ; and the first meeting under his 
auspices was held at Tenby, on the 2nd of June, 
1733. Mr. Gwynne died in 1752 ; and at a meet- 
ing of the Society, held at Swansea on the 13th of 
June in the same year, Sir John Philipps, Bart., of 
Picton Castle, was elected in his stead. In the year 
1754, when Sir John Philipps was candidate for 
the city of Bristol, his being at that time presi<~ 
dent of the Society of Sea-serjeants was made 
the subject of various invectives, and tortured 
every way to prejudice him with the citizens; 
which drew forth the following answer from the 
honourable baronet : — 

" I acknowledge that I am of that ancient Society, 
which is composed of gentlemen of the first rank and 
fortune in Wales; gentlemen who are as good and as 
well affected subjects as any in His Majesty's whole 
dominions, and whose delight it always will be to see a 
great Prince, and a free and flourishing people, mutually 



a 



2 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



O* S. II. July 5, '62. 



striving to render each other happy. The intent, indeed, 
of our annual meeting (which is always at some seaport 
town, whence we are called sea-serjeants,) is to spend a 
week together in innocent mirth and recreation, as other 
gentlemen in England do at a horse race ; and for no 
disloyal purpose whatsoever that I know of t and I defy 
any person to charge us with anything of that nature," 

In order that a comparative estimate may 
formed of the difference between the price of 
luxuries in those days and at the present time, I 
subjoin a bill of one day of their festive week : 

* The Society of Sea-Serjeants. 

" Wednesday, July 31, 1745. 
" At Carmarthen. 



Tea and Coffee 
Cards, three packs - 



" Breakfast. 



u Dinner. 

Thirty-one Gentlemen 
Red Port, twelve bottles 
White Wine, two bottles - 
Rhenish, six pints - 

Ale, forty-two quarts 
Cyder, twenty-five quarts - 
Punch - 

Tobacco - 

u Music. 

Four men's dinners, 2s. ; ale, 1*. id. 
Coffee, in the afternoon 

" Supper. 

Seventeen Gentlemen 

Ale, twenty quarts - 

Cyder, six quarts - 

Punch - . 

Tobacco, Raleigh Mansell, Esq. 

Ale to the boatmen - 

Ale to the Music, at the bumper - 



£ 


s. d 


- 


5 6 


- 


4 6 





10 


- 3 


17 6 


- 1 


4 


- 


4 


- 


6 


- 


14 


- 


8 4 


- 


2 6 


- 


2 6 


- 


3 4 


- 


2 


- 


17 


- 


6 8 


- 


2 


- 


5 


- 


2 


. 


8 


- 


1 



9 6 8 



» 



What the bumper was, I am not prepared to 
say. It surely could not have been to " The King 
over the Water " ! Fen ton, in his History of Pem- 
brokeshire, says that the Society was dissolved in 
the year 1760. This could not have been the 
case, as the following extracts from the Diary of 
Sir John Philipps will serve to show : 

"July 11*, 1760. M r Tho. Bowen, for two stars, one 
for Lady Patroness, and one for Richard,* 1/. Is. Y° 12 th . 
In y« evening went with Richard to y c meeting of the 
Sea Serjeants at the Long Room at Haverfordwest; 
Ringers, U 1*. ; lay at M' John Phillips's. Y e 13 th . D' 
James Philipps preached before us at S* Mary's. Y e 15 th . 
Rode to Hubberstone, and went with y° Gentlemen of y e 
Society on board S r Tho. Stepney's yacht; din'd on 
board, sailed to Harbour's Mouth, and back to Langwra 
Pool, where mv barge met us, and took us to Haverford. 
l* '17. Lady Patroness (Miss Jenny Philipps), and 20 
other Ladies, din'd with y« Society at Long Room ; when 
was a Hall at night, and I danc'd with Lady Patroness. 
Y e 18 th , y Ladies breakfasted with us there. Y e 19 th . 
M r John Phillips's Maid, 6s. ; his Man, 2s. Gd. ; barber, 
*«. ; Taylor's man, 2s. Gd. ; Gloves, 2s. lOd. ; Expense of 

Sir John Philippa's son, afterwards Lord Milford. 



«* won mtic. *, - i.-x — . x uvjr uicnnia^icu rvn 

then went up the River as far as Kilgerran ; i 
ing went on board M r Vaughan's yacht Y e \ 



the meeting, 2L 8s. ; Ditto, for Richard, who was elected 
a Probationer, 2L 8s.; Ditto, for M r Martin, and for- 
feiture, 3/. 9t. ; Breakfasts at y* Long Room, 3*. Gd. ; 
hostler, 1#. 22 nd . Returned to Picton." 

44 1761, June 18 th . Went with my son t • v meeting of 
y* Sea Serjeants at Cardigan ; lodg'd at Rev d M r Davies's ; 
din'd and supp'd at Black Lyon. Y # 19 th D r Philipps 
preach'd before the Societv. "£• 20 th . Rode to Blaenpant, 
breakfasted with D r Philipps, and returned, 2s.; Miss 
Anna Louisa Lloyd, of Bronwydd, was elected Lady 
Patroness. Y*21*. Rode towards Cardigan Bar to see 
'em fish for Salmon. Y« 22 nd . Went up the River as far 
as Kilgerran. Y° 23 rd . Lady Patroness and the Ladies 
dined with us in the Town Hall, and at night there was 
a Ball there. Y« 24 th . They breakfasted with us, and 

in y* Even- 

25 th . Horse 
bill, and for Post Chaise Tioya, 11 Is. 9<f; hostler, 4s. ; 

Lodging for self and Son, 11. lis. Gd. ; maid, Is. Gd. ; bar- 
ber, 6*. ; Thos. Davies and David Thomas's board wages, 
1/. Is.; M r Geo. Bo wen's son's nurse, 2s. Gd. ; poor. Is. ; 
Expense of the meeting, 21. lis. ; Ditto for my son, 2/. Us. ; 
Ditto for M«" Martiu, and Fine, 3/. 15*. ; Ditto for M* 
John Pugh Pryse, 3/. 16*. ; Lent James Philipps, Esq 1 *, 
3./ 3*. ; breakfasts, 2s. ; Returned to Picton." 

•• 1762, Julv 81". Went to the Meeting of the Sea- 
Serjeants at haverford; lodg'd at M r John Phillips's. 
Aug 1 2. Gave two Serjeants and Coyer, Is. Gd. ; Poor, It. 
Y e 3 d . My daughter Katharine was elected Lady Pa- 
troness ; and on the 5 th , she, and 18 other Ladies, dinM 
with the Society; danced at y° Ball at Long Room at 
night, and breakfasted with Them there y e 6 th . Y* 7 th . 
Bill for Horses at the Angel, 8s. 8d. ; Barbers, 6s. Gd. ; 
M r John Phillips's serv u , 7s. Gd ; hostler, Is.; Breakfasts 
at Long Room, 35. Gd. ; Tho. Davies's board wages, 
10s. Gd. ; Expense of the meeting, 3/. 2s. ; Ditto for my 
Son, 3/. 2s. ; Ditto for M r Will. Vaughan and Forfeiture, 
4/. 3s. ; Ditto for M r Sparks Martin and Forfeiture, 4/. 3*. ; 
Rec d for M r Hitchins, dL 5s., and for M" Williams,* 2L 2s. ; 
for Star for Lady Patroness, IL Is., and for advertising 
y* Meeting, 19s. Gd." 



Society of 
that this 



I possess no farther account of the 
Sea-Serjeants, so that it is probable 
was their last year of meeting. The Right Hon. 
Sir John Philipps died on the 22nd of June 
1764, and there is no record of any one having 
been elected as president in his stead. Sir Richard 
Philipps, Baron Milford, of the kingdom of Ireland, 
was the last surviving member of the Society ; 
and he died at Picton Castle on the 28th of June, 

1823, in the eighty-third year of his age. 

John Pavin Phillips. 

Haverfordwest. 






SENSATION HISTORY: THEROIGNE DE 

MERICOURT. 

The French Revolution offers such an un- 
rivalled field for the class of historians who love 
to indulge in this kind of narration, that it is no 
wonder if scrupulous adhesion to fact is almost 
wholly abandoned by them as unromantic. Any 
one well acquainted with the recent performances 
of distinguished writers in this line must be aw«"'fc 

Dr. Johnson's blind friend. 



3'd S. II. July 5, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



3 



of what the public in general have hardly yet 

their utter worthlessness on matters of 



learnt 

detail. 

a search among original authorities. 

or a received saying, illustrates a "principle," 

If it is simply 



Truth on these can only be attained by 

If a story, 



down it goes without inquiry. 
" telling " and picturesque, down it goes equally ; 
inquiry, which might perchance rub the gloss off 
it, being in this case sedulously avoided, unless 
when a rival is to be criticised. The merest fic- 
tions pass therefore from hand to hand, and are 
reproduced by one great man after another, until 
one almost fancies that they must become facts at 
last by dint of repetition. Such instances as the 
" Last Supper of the Girondists," the last word 
of Louis XVI., the sinking of the Vengeur, the 
heroism of Loirerolles, and many more will occur 
to every one. I am about to adduce on the pre- 
sent occasion an example from a trifling subject 
enough — the misadventures of that pretty .Re- 
publican horse-breaker, Theroigne de Mericourt, 
which, fury as she was, have somehow or other 
interested serious-minded historians, so as to be 

described by one after another with characteristic 
comments. 

I begin with our own distinguished " sensa- 
tion " writer, Mr. Carlyle. He recounts how she 
was set upon in May, 1793, by angry patriotic 
women in the garden of the Tuileries : — 

" The demoiselle, keeping her carriage, is for liberty 
indeed, as she has full well shown: but then for liberty 
with respectability. Whereupon these serpent-haired ex- 
treme she-patriots do now fasten upon, batter her, shame- 
fully fustigate her, in their shameful way ; almost fling 
her into the garden ponds, had not help intervened." 

Whereupon, he adds, the ill-used woman soon 
lost the little wits she possessed. 

M. Michelet next takes up the tale, and, like a 
veteran squire of dames as he is, recounts it with 
the strongest expressions of sympathy. 

And M. Louis Blanc, that austerest of correc- 
tors, who follows M. Michelet step by step, his 
critical ferula in hand, in order to chastise the 
slightest slip from fact into romance, he too re- 
peats the story in the same reckless way as his 
predecessors. He u turns sick " (le cceur se souleve 
de degout), over Theroigne's horrible humiliation, 
"quilarenditfolle." 

Next come Messieurs Edmond and Jules de 
Gencourt, who have not disdained to include poor 
Theroigne amopg their "Portraits intimes du 
18 m ° Siecle," with a great array of original au- 
thorities, but who merely repeat the old story, 
with a " sensation " paragraph as usual :— 

" Peu de jours avant le 31 Mai, Theroigne cStait aux 
luilenes. Un peuple de femmes criait, * V A bas les Bris- 
sotins!' Brissot passe. Les sans-jupons l'entourent de 
nurlemens. Theroigne s'e'lance pour le deTendre. ' Ah ! tu 
cs Brissotine!' crient les femmes. ■ Tu vas payer pour 
toite!' et Theroigne est fouette'e. L'on ne revit plus 
ineroigne. Elle e'tait sortie folle des mains des flagel- 
leuses. Uu hopital avait referme ses portes sur elle." 



Lastly, a writer in the last number of Frasers 
Magazine, more excusable, repeats the same story 
in as picturesque English as he can muster, doubt- 
less reposing implicit faith in such a current of 
authorities. He should not, however, have ven- 
tured on an additional touch of colouring by mak- 
ing the mob pull Theroigne out of her carriage 
in the Tuileries' Gardens ! And yet the whole 
story is worth absolutely nothing. 

As to the flagellation, it rests solely on a careless 
rumour among the " faits divers " of a newspaper 
of the day, Prudhomme's Revolutions de Paris. 
As to the consequent insanity, simply on the no- 
torious fact, that the unhappy woman was some 
time afterwards mad. 

But it did so happen that at the time of the 
catastrophe in question, there was a worthy Ger- 
man patriot in Paris, George Forster, whose 
genuine correspondence is as refreshing to the 
soul, amidst high-seasoned dishings-up of the 
events of the Revolution, as a slice of roast mutton 
encountered in a dinner of rechavffes. On the 
22nd July, 1793, Forster dined in company with 
Miss Theroigne; that is, two months after her 
biographers have consigned her to a mad-house, 
and had the courage to tell his wife of it; and this 
is what he has to say of her : 

" She talked much about the Revolution : her opinions 
were without exception strikingly accurate and to the 
point. The ministry at Vienna she judged with a know- 
ledge of facts which nothing but peculiar readiness of 
observation could have given .... Six or seven weeks 
ago the furies who sit in the tribunes of the Convention 
dragged her out into the garden of the Tuileries, beat her 
about the head with stones, and would have drowned her 
in the bassin if help had not fortunately arrived. But 
since that time she has frightful headaches, and looks 
wretchedly ill .... She has a strong thirst for instruc- 
tion ; says she wishes to go into the country, and there 
study to supply the deficiencies of her education. She* 
wishes for the company of a well-informed man, who can 
read and write well ; and is ready to give him his board 
and 2000 livres a year." 

A few months later she was no doubt mad in 
earnest, whether the " headaches" were the com- 
mencement of her illness or no, as appears from a 
letter which she addressed to Saint-Just from a 
maison-de-sante. And that is the grain of truth 
at the bottom of a bushel of romance. 

Jean le Trouvetjr. 



LOWNDES'S BIBLIOGRAPHER'S MANUAL. 

Notes on the New Edition. 

No. I. 

A., B., The Haven of Hope, containing Godly 
Prayers and Meditations, Lond. 1585. 16°. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 

Abbot, — , Jesus prefigured, a Poem. 1623. 4°. 

The Christian name of the author was John. 






4 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



[3'<* S. II. July 5, '62. 



Veritas: An 
law 



it 



answer 
may be lawful 

Luneberg, 



Lon- 



Abell (Thomas), Invicta 
that by no manner of 
for the King to be divorced. 
1532. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 

Academiarum quae aliquando fuere, et hodie sunt 
in Europa, Catalogus. Londini, 1590. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 

Ady (Thomas), A Perfect Discovery of Witches. 
Lond. 1661. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy in the Bodleian. 

JEsop's Fables, translated by R. Henryson. 

Of this version there appears, from the Catalogue of 
Sion College Library, to be a copy of an edition 1577 in 
that collection. 

Alba, Duke of, An Answer to a Letter lately sent 
to him by those of Amsterdam, translated by 
T. W. Lond., n. d. 12°. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 

Albion's Queene, The Famous Historie of. 
don, 1601. 4°. 

See Farmer's Catalogue, No. 5877. 

Alcilia, Philoparthen's Loving Folly. Lond. 1613. 
12°. 

This volume is a 4to. Mr. Corser has a copy, formerly 
Bright's. It wants three leaves. 

Aleyn (C), The Batailles of Crescey and Poitiers. 
Lond. 1631. 8°. 

First Edition. There are two copies in the Museum. 
Only one or two others are known. , 

Almansir, or Rhodomontados of the Most Hor- 
rible, Terrible, and Invincible Captain, Sir 

Frederick Fight- All. Engl, and Fr. Lond. 
1672. 8°. 

Omitted. Nassau, No. 30, lL'3s. 

Alynton (Robert), Libellus Sophistarum. 

An edition by W. de Worde, 1530, 4to, is in the Pepy- 
sian Library at Cambridge. 

Angel (Chr.), De Antichristo. 

The full title of this book is : Labor Christophori Angeli 
Graci de Apostasia Ecclesice, et de Humano Peccato, Sci- 
licet Antichristo; et de Numeris Daniel is et Apocalyp- 

teot : Londini, 1624, 4°. Dedicated to both Universities. 

Aratus, Phsenomena (latino versu), per Nicolaum 
Alenum Anglum. Parisiis, 1561. 4°. 

Omitted. Some original] poems by Allen accompany 
the volume. Bright had a copy, dated 1562. A copv of 
edition 1561, sold among Mitford's books in 1860. An- 
other in Thorpe's Cat for 1851 (poor), 10*. 6d. 

Aristophanes: Acharnians, Knights, Birds, and 

Frogs, translated by J. H. Frere. 1839-40. 

4°. (A Malta- printed book.) 
Omitted. ' 

Armin (Robert), Nest of Ninnies. Lond. 1608. 4°. 

A copy was in the Harleian Collection. Mr. Daniel 
or lanonburr, who is the fortunate possessor of both 
volumes, informs me that this tract is nothing more than 
an abridgment of Foole upon Foolc, Lond. 1605, 4<>. 



Armstrong (Archibald), Banquet of Jests. 

My lea Davies (Athena Britannicce, Part m.) speaks of 
an edition, 1630. The edition of 1639 was in Hari. Col- 
lection. 

Arthur of Little Britain, History of. 

A damaged copy of edition by T. East (n. d.), sold at 
Sotheby's, in 1856, for 17c 

Articles : A Collection of Certain Slanderous Ar- 
ticles given out by the Bishops against the 
faithful Christians whom they detain in prison, 

n.p. 1590. 4°. 

* t 

Omitted. In Lambeth Library there are four copies. 



Articles devised by the King to sta- 

blysh Christian Quietnes and Unitie. Lond. 
1536. 4°. 






Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 






Ascham (U.), Apologia pro Cceni Dominica. 
Lond. 1577. 8°. 

From the press of H. Middleton. In Lambeth Library 
is a copy of the same date which, from the Catalogue, 
seems to have been printed by F. Coldock. 

Astraea, or the Grove of Beatitudes. Lond. 
1665. 12°. 

I believe Astrata to be an error for Ashrcea. ' 

Atcheleys (Thomas), History of Violenta and Di- 
daco. 1576. 

The author's name is Achelley, or Atchelley ; but not 

Atcheleys. In the Return from Parnassus, 1606, he is 

called Atchlow. The poem is a translation from Bandello. 
A copy is in the M alone Collection. 

The Key of Knowledge. Lond. 



(1572), 12°. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 1 * This piece is in 






prose. 

Avale (Lemeke), Commemoration of Bastarde 
Edmonde Bonner. 1569. 

Avale is an assumed name. The tract was not im- 
probably written by one T. W., whoever he was, the 
author of The Recantation of Pasquin of Rome, 1570. 

Aumale (Duke of), A True Discourse of His 
Discomfiture in Picardie by the Duke of 

Lond. 1589. 4°. 



Longueville. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 






Austin (Samuel), Urania, or the Heavenly Muse. 

Lond. 1629. 8°. 
— — Naps Upon Parnassus. Lond. 1658. 8°. 

These two works are quoted as if by one person: 
whereas the former was written against Samuel Austin 
the Elder, and the latter was written by several persons 
against his son, Samuel Austin the Younger ! j- 

Austin (Wm.), Certaine Devoute Meditations. 

Lond. 1635. 

Lond. 



Folio. 



— Atlas Under Olympus ; a Poem. 
1664. 8°. 



— The Anatomy of the Pestilence ; a Poem. 
Lond. 1666. 8°. 



Steps of Abuse. Daie. 1550. 
Haec Homo. Lond. 1637. 1* 



3' d S. II. July 5, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



5 



All these works are fathered most unnatural^ on the 
same William Austin, who is merely answerable for the 
Devout Meditations and the Hccc Homo. Steps of Abuse 
is a translation from St. August in ; and Atlas under 
Olympus, and The Anatomy of the Pestilence, were the pro- 
ductions of a" William Austin of Gray's Inn, Esq.," sup- 
posed by some to have been the, son of the former 
W. Austin, who died in 1633. 

Awfield (Thomas), and Thomas Webley, Life and 
End of, being both traitors, executed at Ti- 
bourne, July 6, 1585. Lond. : Thos. Nelson, 
1585. 12°. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 

Aymon : The Four Sons of Aymon. 

An edition was printed by Caxton, q. v. 

Ay ton (R.), Essays. Lond. 1825. 8°. 
portrait. 

Omitted. 

Aytoun (Sir R.), Poems, edited by C. Roger. 
1844. 8°. 



With 



Omitted. 



W. Carew Hazlitt 



jBfrwr Hatte. 



Leicester Town Library. — Turning over the 
pages of a stray number of the Monthly Magazine 
for 1802, the following remarks relative to the 
state of the ancient library came under my notice. 
I should like to learn what degree of truth there 
is in them, and if the library is still in existence ? 

"A correspondent of the Leicester Journal laments the 
neglected state of the Library in that town, and recom- 
mends to the governors of the free school, to examine it 
and restore it to its ancient and original purpose. This 
library, commonly called the Town Library, contains, it 
is well known, a number of very scarce and valuable 
books; it was begun to be erected in the year 1632, at 
the sole expense of the corporation, was completed in 
1633, and gave free access to any one. Collections of 
books and money were made both in the town and county 
to furnish it, and, according to a catalogue taken in 1775, 
the books amounted to 1000 volumes. The last donation 
made to it was by the Rev. J. Harryman, rector of Peck- 
leton (about sixty years ago), who gave, by his will, up- 
wards: of forty volumes. In the year 1676, Mr. Jacob 
Bauthumley, at that time librarian, published a book, 
dedicated to the mayor and aldermen of the borough, 
which has the following passage : « Your Worships' pious 
devotion to religion and learning is apparent to all men 
who love either.' It likewise appears that formerly young 
gentlemen educated at the free school, ' were accustomed 
to examine and peruse the books in this library.' This 
correspondent further observes (and reprehends the cir- 
cumstance as not very creditable to the taste and literary 
attainments of the present day), that about nine years 
ago, a number of gentlemen, part of the company of the 
Mayor's feast, dined in the library, when some hundreds 
of the books were unchained, removed from their places, 
and as a proof of inattention to learning and classical in- 
struction, have lain in a confused state, without being 
replaced therein ever since ! n 

J. M. 



John M'Ure alias Campbell. 



Scotch anti- 



t» 



u 



quaries are well acquainted with " a rare and curi- 
ous work entitled A Vieiv of the City of Glasgow, 
published there in 1736. It has a portrait of the 
author in the seventy-ninth year of his age, a 
venerable- looking old gentleman, which is not un- 
frequently wanting, as are generally the two ex- 
ceedingly curious plates of Glasgow, and the one 
of the arms of that city. 

How he came to call himself M'Ure alias 
Campbell is not explained. His autograph is very 
rare. Recently I purchased A New View of Lon- 
don, or an ample Account of that City, 2 vols. 8vo, 
London, 1708. On the ily-leaf is written, in a 
neat strong hand, " John M'Ure, Clerk to the Re- 
gistration of Session at Glasgow, his book, 1726. 
There is no alias here, neither is there any in a 
notarial instrument in 1730, which I have seen. 
Can any of your correspondents tell when he first 
used the alias, and why he did it ? His grand- 
father, Robert, " son lawful to Charles M'Ure, 
alias Campbel of Ballochyle," died at the age of 
96, in 1634. After that period the alias seems to 
have been discontinued. J. M. 

Battle at Cropredy Bridge. — This is a copy 
of a most interesting entry made in the parish 
register books of Wardington, near Banbury, 
Oxon, referring as it does immediately to the 
celebrated " Fight at Cropredy Bridge," June 29, 
1644. The said bridge is two miles distant from 
Wardington, west. This place (W.) is now a 
parish of itself, having recently been separated 
from Cropredy, of which it was a township. The 
Rev. Charles Walters, M.A. (my brother) is the 
incumbent. His patron is the Bishop of Oxford. 

I made the copy from which this is taken in 
June 25, 1855 : 

" Anno Domin. 1G44. 
Junij 30. Buried in the parish Church of War- 
dington in y e County of Oxon : John 
Burrell, Cornet to Colonel Richard Neville, 
w h Mr Burrell was slaine the day before 
in a smart bsLttaile against ye Rebels. 

against the Parliament. 

Ita testor Hen: Deane: Cap 4 Regim. ,, 

The main part of the old stone bridge of Crop- 
redy still exists across the river Cherwell, which 
empties itself into the Isis at Oxford. 

The last line of the extract (in italic type) is 
nearly obliterated ; but it was so made out by 
the Rev. Charles Walters, Incumbent. 

The opprobrious term of " rebels," and this 

— evidently inserted 
by a Royalist clergyman — was doubtless a sad 
eye-sore to the " Puritan divine," who seems soon 
after to have been thrust into the post of the 
faithful and lawful pastor (who was probably 
ejected), and this significant alteration ( u against 
the Parliament ") to have been made by him. 



record of their signal defeat 



Winchester. 



Walters 



G 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8' d S. II. July 5, '62. 



Dover Farthing. — A specimen of local coin- 
age has been lately found at Buckland, near 
Dover, and is now in my possession. It is of 
very thin copper, five-eighths of an inch in dia- 
meter. On the obverse are the arms of Dover, 
encircled by the words " Dover Farthing, 68 ; M 
and on the reverse a neat representation of St. 
Martin and the beggar, being the arms of St. 
Martin's Priory. S. F. 

[Mr. Boyne (Tokens of the Seventeenth Century, p. 130) 
has the following interesting note on this farthing: — "St. 
Martin was the patron saint of Dover, and the church of 
St. Martin-le-Grand the mother church. Amongst its 
other privileges was that of beginning service before all 
the other churches and chapels in the district The 
church was destroyed at the time of the Information. 
Dover Fair is still called St. Martin's Fair. The same 
device as on the tokens appears on the Borough Counter- 
Seal, which dates as far back as the year 1305. This 
has been described by Browne Willis as ' a highwayman 
robbing a man on foot.' The obverse side of the seal has 
an antique ship with sail furled, a forecastle, poop, and 
round-top all embattled; a steersman at the helm, two 
men on the forecastle blowing horns, another climbing up 
the shrouds, two below at a rope ; a flag at the stern 
charged with the Port Arms. It is an admirable speci- 
men of engraving for the period." — Ed.] 



POPE'S EPITAPH ON THE DIGBYS. 

It may seem somewhat idle to occupy a portion 
of the pages of "N. & Q." with remarks on a 
single word in a line of poetry, even when the 
poet is Pope. I would, however, call your readers' 
attention to a line in the epitaph on the two 
young Digbys — brother and sister — in Sherborne 
Church ; unquestionably one of the most beauti- 
ful of Pope's epitaphs. 

The line on the marble stands thus : — 

" Go, and exalt thy Moral to Divine " ; 

and is so printed in the editions of Warburton 
and Bowles. Roscoe's edition I do not possess. 
On the other hand, in Johnson's Works (Oxford, 
1825), Dyce's edition of Pope, and in Cunning- 
ham's edition of Johnson's Lives, the line is 
printed : 

u Go, and exalt thy mortal to Divine." 

The antithesis is here stronger than in the line as 
it stands on the monument, but Pope may have 
used moral with a meaning akin to that which 
Johnson calls rather a French than an English 
sense — the same as morality : the practice or 
doctrine of the duties of life ; " art de bien vivre," 
as the French translate or explain the word. 
Johnson either found in some early edition of 
Pope's Works, or he himself substituted the word 
mortal for moral; and I will thank some cor- 
respondent of "N.&Q."to refer to the earlier 
editions of Pope — viz. those of 1736, 1741, and 



1749 —and to state the result of his examination.* 
The second (1741) is called " Pope's own edition," 
and may have undergone the scrutiny of the 
poet's own eye. We may presume that Warbur- 
ton would carefully follow him. Had Mr. Croker, 
in his projected edition of Pope, arrived at this 
epitaph ? If so, how had he printed the line in 
question ? J. H. Markland. 



is given. 



BELZEBUB'S LETTER. 

In 1751 there appeared at London (8vo, pp. 29,) 
a letter signed/' Belzebub." It is entitled : — 

" A Letter from the Prince of the Infernal Regions to 
a Spiritual Lord on this side the Great Gulf, in answer to 
a late invective Epistle levelled at his Highness," &c. 

Neither the name of the printer nor publisher 

It contains a special enumeration of 
the follies and vices of the great metropolis, which 
are handled with proper severity. The fears of 
the London great folk at the threatened earth- 
quake are amusingly depicted. One of the anec- 
dotes on this subject may be extracted: 

" A certain noble Lord, who at the time resided in 
town, was so much affected with the shock, that he 
ordered the chariot to be immediately cot ready ; in he 
poshed, drove off Jehu like, nor would he tarry one 
minute for his disconsolate lady, whom he left in a dis- 
consolate state, packing up her auls. But ere he de- 
parted the town, he ordered his coachman to drive him 
to a certain gentleman where he had some affairs to 
discharge. When the gentleman came to the door to 
attend his Lordship's pleasure, he whispered in the coach- 
man's ear thus: • Where is your master driving to?' 
' Why/ said the coachman, * to the Devil.* When they 
had got a few miles from town, says my Lord, • What 
reply did you make to the gentleman, who inquired 
where I was driving to?' * Why, my Lord,' says the 
coachman, • I told him you were driving to the Devil ; for, 
as you are flying from God, you can drive to no one else.* 
Upon which my Lord ordered him to drive him back to 
London. So that this smart and just reflection of the 
man made a convert of the master." 

The writer, after enumerating his numberless 
subjects, places in the first rank 44 Drury Lane 
Playhouse/* which is represented as one of his 
44 Royal Barracks" ; where 44 several regiments of 
my best troops, all men of valour, and three or 
four regiments of my brave and warlike Amazons, 
keep constant quarter." These ladies rejoice in 
44 little round things resembling wafers as to form, 
but black in colour. They are called 4 Patches ' ; 
and, oh ! how much my pretty Amazons delight 
in them ; purely out of respect to me, their Prince, 
seeing black is my livery. Your Lordship may 
observe them about their eyes, under their chins, 

[* In Pope's Works, edit. 173G, 3 vols. 12mo, also in 
that of 1742-43, 9 vols. 12mo, and that of 1751, contain- 
ing " his last Corrections, Additions, and Improvements," 
9 vols. 8vo, as well as in Roscoe's edition, 1824, the line 
reads 



"Go, and exalt thy Moral to Divine. 



91 



ED.} 



8** S. II. July 5, »62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



/ 



and upon their cheeks." Covent-garden Theatre 
Royal is second in the list of Belzebub's fortresses. 
The writers are all represented as his Satanic 



Then conies " the 



Majesty's most loyal subjects. 
Haymarket, that famous place for 'French strol- 
lers and brute conjurers, but superlatively more 
for foolish Britons/ " Broughton's amphitheatre 
is then noticed, and it is celebrated for pick- 
pockets and highwaymen ; and there follow 
various other places of public entertainment, the 
patrons of which are minutely particularised. 

It is, on the whole, a singularly curious tract ; 
so much so, that it would be satisfactory to ascer- 
tain the author's name. The prelate addressed 
was the Bishop of London, Thomas Sherlock. 

J.M. 



DE COSTER, THE WATERLOO GUIDE. 

I have seen it lately stated as a fact now well 
known, that the famous guide who for several years 
showed visitors over the field of Waterloo, was an 
impostor. It was averred that he never accom- 
panied Napoleon, and was not at the battle at all, 
but concealed in the neighbourhood. It was also 
said that he had picked up much information from 
various quarters, and supplied the rest by his own 
ingenuity. 

I visited the field of Waterloo in September, 
1816, a little more than a year after the battle. 
This man, whose name was De Coster, or Da 
Costa, came out on our approach, and offered his 
services as our guide, informing us that he had 
been with Napoleon all the time of the memorabl 
battle, having been engaged to conduct him, and 
in the event of his winning the battle, to be his 
guide through the Forest of Soignies, into which 
Napoleon expected that the English would re- 
treat. He appeared perfectly familiar with all the 
details of the battle, and pointed out every re- 
markable spot as we went over the memorable 
field. 

banks of sandy soil, where he told us that Napo- 
leon took up his position for the last hour and a 
half; that he was himself on horseback, and in 
close attendance on the emperor. He said that 
Napoleon kept constantly taking snuff, and ob- 
serving the British line with his 



e 



He led us to a ravine between two high 



that when he, the guide, lowered 



telescope; and 
his head occa- 



sionally as the cannon balls passed over them, 
Napoleon told him not to do so, " for," said he, 
"you will get those that were not intended for 
you." He added, that when the emperor saw his 
Old Guard give way, he turned to Bertrand, and 
said, U \A. present, c'est tout fini ; sauvons nous ! " 
At the same time he caught hold of De Coster's 
bridle, turned his horse round, and ordered him 
to set off at full gallop, following him all the way 
to Genappe. The next morning Bertrand gave 
this guide a Napoleon, and dismissed him. 



I wish to know if this man was, after all, an im- 
postor ? His manner, when I saw him, certainly 
was not such as to raise the least suspicion. Nor 
can I conceive, if the chief parts of his tale were 
his own fabrication, and especially if he had not 
been present at the battle at all, how he could 
have escaped exposure in the outset, and still 
more when his rapid gains, by showing numbers 
of travellers over the field, must have excited the 
envy and scrutiny of his neighbours, to whom he 
was well known. F. C. II. 



After being usher of 



Alan de Galloway. — Will any of your cor- 
respondents do me the favour of stating of what 
family was Alan de Galloway, who married the 
eldest daughter and coheiress of David, Earl of 
Huntingdon ; and whether it was the same Alan 
de Galloway whose eldest daughter and coheiress 
married (see Burke's Extinct Peerage, p. 443) 
Roger de Quincy, the second Earl of Winchester? 

Also, what members of the Baliol family left 
descendants ? Henry Clinton. 

Andrew Bates, son of Ralph Bates, Esq., of 
Halliwell in Northumberland, was educated in 
the school of Bury-St. -Edmunds, and admitted 
a pensioner of ^S. John's College, Cambridge, 
May 23, 1674, aet. 17, going out B.A. 1677-8, and 
commencing M.A. 1681. 
Canterbury school, he was, Oct. 4, 1686, appointed 
preacher of S. Anne's chapel, in Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne. On Oct. 25, 1689, he was appointed lec- 
turer of S. John's in that town. He died in or 
about 1710. It is said that he published a work 
in favour of conformity, against Richard Gilpin, 
M.D. We shall be obliged to any of your cor- 
respondents who can give us the title, date, and 
place of publication of this book. 

C. H. & Thompson Cooper. 

Cambridge. 

Birds'-eggs. — The praiseworthy agitation now 
in progress for the preservation of the eggs and 
young of birds, prompts the Query, Is that useful 
and sensible statute of Henry VIII. (1543-4) pro- 
hibiting the taking of bird's-eggs, repealed, and 
has there been any subsequent legislation on the 
subject ? James Gilbert. 

2, Devonshire Grove, Old Kent Road, S.E. 

Berningh and Ter Hoeven Families. — Can 

any of your correspondents in Holland state if 
these families are extinct there, and what their 
arms were ? Uuyte. 

Capetown, S.A. 

Rowland Blakiston, one of the king's es- 
cheators for Herefordshire, 19-23 Hen. VII., of 
what family was he? C. J. R. 

" Catalonia," a Poem. — Can any reader of 

"N- & Q." sav who wrote this poem published 
t Edin. 1811,*' and dedicated to Sir W. Scott? 



a 



8 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'* S. IL July 6, '62. 



It is dated from on board "His Majesty's Ship 
Caledonia, off Toulon," and is the fruit of a short 
u respite from those duties which a very respon- 
sible office imposes." J. O. 

Coins, &c. — That the Notes and Queries of cer- 
tain correspondents may be the better satisfied, I, 
after some hesitation, send an instance of a silver 
u article" with a circular gold coin set in its base. 

It is a punch-ladle; and its little history is, 
that the silver part, being the ladle, was formed 
from a Spanish dollar picked up in Cheapside, 
more than a century ago, by a forefather of mine. 
Tradition adds, that the gold coin was also found 
by him or his wife. 

On one side of this coin, across the middle, is 
the date 1758 ; and perpendicularly to the line of 
these numbers, a well-stamped figure of a man in 
full length, with sword drawn. Around this man 
and this date, run the contractions : " res. par. 
cres. hol. concordia." On the other side, within 
four lines which form a square, are these : 



MO.' 


BD. 


PRO VIN. 


FOE . 


DER 


B E L G 


. A D 


L£ G • 


IMP. 



I have placed and pointed each line of capitals 
just as they appear on the coin, though I must 
impute an error or two to the work ; but the 
letters are clear and even. If you can spare a 
corner for this, and for any comments from a 
numismatist or an antiquarian critic, I shall be 
much obliged. S. C. Freeman. 

Highbury New Park. 

Epithalamium on Her Majesty's Marriage. 
Who was the Professor, " said to be the first 
scholar in Bonn," that sent the late Prince Con- 
sort a most astonishing Latin epithalamium. (See 
Guardian, Dec. 21, 1861, p. 1162.) 

P. J. F. Gantiixoic. 



Gold Thread Work 



Some eighty or ninety 



years ago there was an odd sort of amusement or 
44 fancy work " among fashionable people, which 
consisted in unravelling the gold threads from 
tapestry or embroidery. These gold threads were 
afterwards sold, so that the love of gain had much 
to do with the diversion. The Italian poet, Parini, 

has a passage descriptive of it in his Satire // 

Gxorno. Can any of your correspondents give the 
name of the amusement, or any other particulars 
concerning it ? AuLIOS- 

Hampshire Registers. — Will you allow me 
to state that I shall be most grateful to any Hamp- 
shire clergyman who will favour me with a notice 
of any remarkable entries in parochial registers 



or other documents, which may bear upon the 
antiquities (material and immaterial) of the county 
of Southampton. Theodore C. Wilks. 

Hook, Winchfield. 

Heraldic Quert. — To what family does the 
following crest belong P A leopard's head, erm. 
ducally crowned. Beneath are engraved the ini- 
tials D.W.H- J. : 

London Churches ante 1666. — Can I be in- 
formed whether there exist any views or descrip- 
tions of the City churches that were so mercilessly 
swept away by the unparalleled conflagration of 
1666? Stow's Survey does not describe the 
buildings. There are, indeed, perfect transcripts 
of the monumental inscriptions in Weever and 
Maitland. R. P. 

Old Bona Fide. 

"Louis the Fourteenth of France, commonly called 
Old Bond Fide, was born above twenty- two years after 
marriage." — TheMidwift't Companion, by Henry Bracken, 
M.D. London, 1737, p. 34. 

History makes mention of Old Bond Fide, the late 
King of France, being born with two teeth ; but whether 
this was any omen of his tyrannical government after- 
wards, I leave to the more learned to scrutinize, though 
I am of opinion it only showed him to be of a hail («c) 
and sound make and conformation." — Ibid. p. 236. 

Why called Old Bond Fide ? H. J. 



44 



Old Sabum. — The accounts given of this 
ancient borough differ so widely, and are most of 
them so clearly mere political exaggerations, that 
it would be interesting to see in your columns a 
reliable description derived from persons having 
local and personal knowledge upon the subject. 
We might learn what was the actual condition of 
the borough at the period immediately antece- 
dent to the passing of the Reform Act ; how the 
franchise was conferred, perpetuated, and exer- 
cised; of what class the voters were composed, 
and how many there were; in what part of the 
borough the elections were held, and whether any 
peculiar ceremonies or customs were observed ; 
also, whether the election for the parent city was 
considered, " an event w by any of the citizens of 
Salisbury, or was allowed to pass over unheeded 
and unnoticed, excepting by those immediately 
interested. Wm. Tallack. 

Norwich. 

Philpot the Mabtyb. — In the original grant 
of arms to Augustin Ballow, of London, merchant, 
it is stated that his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Nicholas Philpot, of Hereford, gent., claims de- 
scent from the martyr, who was son of Sir Peter 
Philpot, of Hampshire. I am anxious to obtain 
corroboration of these statements ; and also to 
ascertain what relation the said Nicholas Philpot 
was to Sylvanus Morgan ? C. J. &• 

■ 

Queen Maby akd Calais. — History records 
that Queen Mary said, that at her death the 



3* d s. II. July 5, '62. ] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



9 



name of Calais would be found engraved on her 
heart. This idea has since been often used. Has 
it any deeper or hidden meaning than the meta- 
phorical one of a lasting impression? 

SOLSBERGTUS. 

Who is the author of 



W 



the following lines, and of what poem do they 
form a part ? 

" Than when they went for Palestine with Lewis at their 

head, 

And many a waving banner, and the Oriflarame out- 
spread, 

And many a burnished galley, that with blaze of 

armour shone, 
In the ports of sunny Cyprus, and the Acre of St. John." 

Ion. 

Prescot. 

"The rabble cheered ; to them such words seemed fit: 
Blockheads accept scurrility for wit.*' — Dunciad. 

Quoted in an Essay on Periodical Literature, 
by John Scott. Lond. 1781, p. 37. 

What Dunciad? The lines are not in Pope's, 
nor in The Modern Dunciad by Daniel. W. L. 

Did the Romans wear Pockets? — The ques- 
tion is asked as bearing upon the fact of so many 
of their coins being found in all localities fre- 

J. P. 

I do not find any English book 

Where 



quented by them. 
Short-hand. 



on Short-hand dated so early as 1562. 
shall I find an explanation of the characters 
formed of various angular lines terminating in 
small circles, used in that year by Gerard Legh 
in his Accidence of Armor ie, at fol. 132? They 
form two lines of verse : and may be seen in the 
same place in any of the numerous editions of 
later date, which were literal reprints. 

John Gough Nichols. 

Sicilian Order. — I have a Sicilian Order, cap- 
tured from a French officer at the battle of Vit- 
toria. It consists of a gold star of five points, 
with red enamel on it. In the centre, on one side, 
is a figure showing three legs, with a head in the 
centre, and an inscription, u Jos. Napoleon. Rex 
Siciliarum instituit." On the other side a horse 
rearing over a rock, and an inscription, " Pro patria 
restituta." Can you tell me what this order is, 
its history, and the meaning of the inscription ? 

E. F. D. C. 

Tennyson: Camelot. — What evidence is there 
to show that King Arthur's Camelot was Cadbury 
Camp, near Clevedon ? (Cf. Pearson, Hist of 
England in Middle Ages, chap, i.) Does not 
Camel mean a river in Anglo-Saxon ? Yet Cad- 
bury is as dry as possible, scarcely a ditch in the 
neighbourhood. How did the Roman name of 
Camulodunum get mixed up in the matter at all ? 

Lionel G. Robinson. 

Sir Martin Wright. — Some of your contri- 
butors may perhaps be able to enlighten me as to 



the parentage and family of this gentleman, who 
was a Baron of the Exchequer in 1739, and a Judge 
of the King's Bench in 1740. He resigned in 
1755, and died in 1767 at Fulham ? 

Edward Foss. 

Zurich Association for Microscopical 
Science. — A few years since there was founded 
an association of German savans with the view of 
employing workmen in the manufacture of cheap 
microscopes, mounting of objects, &c. I believe 
it was known as the Zurich Association for Micro- 



scopical Science. 

so, who is its London agent? 

Fivemiletown. 



Is it still in existence, and if 

Aiken Irvine. 



" The Rival Friends," a Comedy by Peter 
Hausted, was acted at Cambridge by the students 
of Queen's College, on occasion of the visit of 
King Charles I. to the University. Could you 
oblige me with the names of the actors, which are 
said to be given (in MS.) in a copy of the play in 
the British Museum ? Who wrote the commen- 
datory verses to this play ? Zeta. 

[The poetical dedication "To the Right Honorable, 
Right Reverend, Right Worshipful, or whatsoever he be 
or shall bee whom I hereafter may call Patron" is by 
Peter Hausted himself. Of the Commendatory Verses, 
the first set, in Latin Iambics, is subscribed by Ed. 
Kemp; the second, consisting of twelve heroic lines in 
English, are anonymous; and the third, similar in style, 
length, and language, are subscribed with the initials 
J. R. The names of the characters and actors are as fol- 
lows : — 



Sacriledge Hooke - 

Pandora 

Mistress Ursely 

Jack Loveall 

Constantina - 

Lucius - 

JSeander 

Luscinio 

Terpander 

Anteros 

Laurentio 

Endymion 

Isabella 

Stipes - 

Placenta 

Morda - 

Kodle Emptie 

Wiseacres 

Mungrel 

Hammershin 

Knowlittle 
Tempest All-mouth 
Armstrong 
Stuchell Legg 
Fillpot - '- 
Hugo Obligation - 



Mr. Brian. 

Mannering. 

Romsbotom. 
S r Rogers. 

Mr. Lin. 
M)\ Kemve. 



Mr. Hills. 
Mr. Hausted. 
S r Cantrel. 
Mr. Cotterel. 

Freer. 

Mr. Rogers. 

Piercen. 

Tiffin. 
Mr. Harflet. 
Mr. Hards. 
S r Wood house. 

Hausted. 

Kidble. 

Richardson. 



S r Carlile. 
Stake. 



The names of the actors printed in italics are in a much 
more modern hand than the others; and probably those 
to which " S r " is prefixed were in orders. 1 



10 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3' d S. II. July 5, '6». 



COTTON 



Query, the meaning and 



origin of this expression? 

Job J. Bardwell Workard, M.A. 

[" To cotton to one is a cant phrase in the United 
States, signifying to take a liking to one, to fancy him ; 
literally, to stick to him, as cotton does to clothes." (Ogil- 
vie, Imp. Diet. Supplement.) The phrase is not noticed by 
Bartlett in his Americanisms, second edition, 1859. To 
cotton, in old English, meant to prosper, to succeed, to 
answer. " It will not cotten," Almanack, 1615. (Wright.) 
Yet neither of these explanations, we think, will fully 
account for the meaning of the phrase " to cotton to," as 
it is now used vernacularly among ourselves. To cotton 
to any one signifies to flatter, to cajole him, to curry 
favour by subserviency. Is it not to ko-tou to him ? The 
ko-touy ko-teou, or kd-tow, is the reverence regularly ren- 
dered to the Emperor of China by his own vassals, and 
earnestly solicited from European envoys and ambassa- 
dors. Bow nine times to the earth, and each time knock 
heads. Some hare declined the ceremony. Others, 
though little they gained, have ko-tou'd to the celestial 
Autocrat, Anglice, they cottoned to him.] 

"The Marrow Controversy." — Allusion is 
made to this controversy in a note to Alex. Car- 
lyle's Autobiography, p. 40. Where will I find a 
detailed account of it ? The cause of it, Fisher's 
Marrow of Modern Divinity, I have long pos- 
sessed. A. Irvine. 

Fivemiletown. 

[Fisher's Marrow of Modern Divinity, was published 
in 1646, 8vo, and about eighty years after was the occa- 
sion of a keen controversy in the Kirk of Scotland. In 
1720, it was reprinted by the Rev. James Hogg, and ex- 
cited the attention of the General Assembly, by which 
many passages in it were condemned, and tne ministers 
ordered to warn their people against reading it Fisher's 
sentiments are highly Calvinistical, and his work was 
defended by Thomas Boston, Ebenezer Erskine, and 
others, known by the name of " Marrow Men." For some 
particulars of this schism consult An Historical Account 
of the Rise and Progress of the Secession, by John Brown 
of Haddington; The Life of Ralph Erskine, prefixed to 
his Works, and the article Secbdebs in the Encyclopaedia 
Britannica, seventh edition.] 



Address 



Has it been 



ascertained who was the author of the celebrated 
"Address to the Mummy in Belzoni's Exhibition?" 
Whenever I have met with these lines, they have 
always been described as the production of some 
writer unknown. I observed, however, lately, a 
verse quoted from them at the head of an article 
on " Burial in Vaults," in the Mirror, vol. xv. 
. 325, and beneath the verse the name of Horace 
mith was given as that of the writer. Can any 
of your correspondents throw any light on the 
authorship of that very clever production ? 

F. C. H. 

mSkf^SS A # d /u? 8 t0 a Mumm y" i8 hy Horace Smith, 

ffi^SKJ ] teen 8tanzft8, See • Pottical Work8 




UrpItcjS. 

COVERDALE'S BIBLE. 
(3 rd S. i. 433.) 



I beg to thank the editor of " N. & Q." and 
Mb. Offor for their notes, and I hasten to correct 
an error into which my first cursory examination 
led me. I regret to say this copy is not quite so 
perfect as I thought. It wants four leaves, which 
contain a part of Zechariah and Malachi. My 
copy certainly differs from the description of that 
edition of Coverdale's Bible given by Mb. Offor, 
in the points mentioned by him. In mine the 
Apocrypha is printed at the end of the Old Testa- 
ment; the initial letters have no part of the Dance 
of Death ; the Book of Esther ends on fol. cxx., not 
on page 230, and the title to the New Testament, 
which has no red letters, is simply this : — 

" The newe testament in english | translated after the 
Greke | contayning these bookes," 

and then follows on the same page the list of the 
Books. 



'/ 









of Tyndale's Bible, and therefore would ask — 
1. Where is there a copy of Tyndale's Bible, 4to, 
1537, with which I may compare mine ? 2. On 
what positive, not merely negative or conjectural, 
evidence is it held that this volume was printed 
at Antwerp, and not where it professes to be, at 
St. Thomas's Hospital, Southwark, and by Nycol- 
son ? 3. If it be a reprint of Tyndale, of what 
earlier edition is it the reprint, and in what library 

is there a copy ? 

I have had no opportunity of collating it with 
anv edition of the Old Testament by Tyndale, but 
if Mr. Walter's collation be correct ( U N. & Q." 
1 st S. v. 109) it does not agree entirely with his 
version. Mr. Walter, on Gen. xli. 7, gives the 
version thus: "Tyndale, And see here is his 
dream; Coverdale, And saw that it was a dream." 
But my volume has, " And se it was a dreame" 
One thing, however, is certain, that it is 
print of the first edition of Tyndale's New Testa- 
ment ; for, by the kindness of Francis Fry, Esq., 
F.S.A., I have been enabled to compare it with 
a leaf of his facsimile of that edition, and I find 
that the versions are quite different. In only six 
verses, St. Matt. viii. 9-14, there are no less than 
fourteen variations, many of them very impor- 
tant. 

One or two notes may interest some of your 
readers. I. At the beginning of the Almanack 
it is said, "The yeare hath xii. monethes, Hi. 
weekes and one daye. And it hath in all iii. C. 
and lxvi. dayes and vi. houres." 

2. In " the prologe to the reader," Myles Co- 
verdale says, " And to helpe me herin I have 
had sodry triblacyos not only in latyn but also of 
the Dutch [sic] interpreters." In other editions 
it was "Douche." (Cf. "N. & Q." l il S. v. 153.) 



not a re- 



3'<* S. II. July 6, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



11 



3. The disputed verse, 1 Job. v. 7, is printed in 
a smaller type, and placed between brackets. 

4. The initial capital letter P. of many of the 
Epistles of St. Paul, and of the 1st of St. Peter, has 
three figures within it, representing a schoolmaster, 
as it seems, whipping a girl, who is kneeling be- 
tween his knees, with a huge birch-rod, whilst 
another girl or boy is looking on, and apparently 
is either expecting or suffering from the same dis- 
cipline. E. A. D. 



MR. JUSTICE HEATH. 

(3 rd S. i. 208, 276.) 

Having observed in " N. & Q." some time ago, 
a notice from one of your correspondents, in- 
viting information as to the place of burial, and 
other particulars of the late Mr. Justice Heath, 

I hi 



much pleasure in referring to my early 
recollections of him ; and as I have been assisted 
in my inquiries respecting him by the kind com- 
munications of a friend, a lady, a relative of his 
who knew him well, and who shares with myself 
a pleasant recollection of the old judge, I am in 
hopes that the following notice of him may not be 
uninteresting. Mr. Justice Heath died on Jan. 17, 
1816, and was buried at Hayes, in Middlesex, 
where he had resided with his sister many years 
in the intervals of his professional occupations. 
The parish register states that he was buried the 
27th day of Jan. 1816 {sic), and that he was 80 
years of age, — an account strangely at variance 
with the following inscription upon a flat stone 
placed at the north door of the church : 

"Here lieth the remains 
of John Heath, Esq re ., 
thirty-seven years One of the Judges of 
the Court of Common Pleas, 
; Obiit 23 d Jany, 1817 (sic), 

^Etatis 85." 

If this statement of the long period of his ser- 
vices upon the judicial bench be correct, pro- 
bably it has never been exceeded by any other 
judge, and any information from your legal corre- 
spondents as to this fact would be welcome. 

For the following account of the judge, I am 
obliged to his relative alluded to above : " After 
the death of his unmarried sister, who lived with 
him, which took place at their residence, No. 36 
Bedford Square, I passed many hours with him 
for several days, and about six months afterwards 
I went to stay some days with him at Hayes in 
very bleak winter weather. I believe that he was 
then 83 years old. In the morning he would take 
a ride on Hillingdon Heath, to harden himself, as 
he told me, for his winter campaign (meaning his 
work in town and on circuit), and in the middle 
of the day he would take me a drive in his chariot. 
I found him a'very agreeable companion, different 
as our ages were. In the spring I saw him again 



in London ; he was suffering greatly with the 
gout, but I do not think he had given up the pro- 
fession. His sister used to tell me that he was 
determined to die in harness, and so I believe he 
did. He died suddenly (I think at Hayes, in his 
bed). A foolish story was in the paper of his 
dropping down suddenly in Russell Square while 
talking to Sir Vicary Gibbs about some dinner 
engagement; not a word of it true. I was away 
from London at the time of his death. 

" The Judge never would be knighted ; having 
no wife to insist that he should spend the 100Z. 
in taking that honour, we used to suppose that 
was the reason ; he is the only Judge now known 
who has avoided it, so he appears in the judicial 
lists as John Heath, Esq. He was a great friend, 
I have heard, of Lord Thurlow. His father was 
a mercantile man, and alderman of Exeter, second 
brother to my grandfather, Benjamin Heath, who 
was a very learned barrister, and latterly town 
clerk of Exeter. The Judge's father had some 
share of learning too, having made a Commentary 
on Job, which, as he had three wives, rather 
made his memory laughed at by the giddy young 
ones in after times. To recur to Judge Heath : 
I have heard from his sister that he used to say, 
' where I die there I will be buried ; ' meaning, I 
suppose, that if he should die on the circuit, he 
would not be removed." 

When I was a youth living in my father's home 
at Hayes, it was my good fortune to meet the 
Judge not unfrequently at my fathers table. 
They were very good friends, and had a great 
regard for each other. He was always a welcome 
guest ; full of anecdote, chiefly of a professional 
cast; and if his stories were sometimes more 
racy than refined, we must recollect what was 
the taste of his day. I perfectly remember his 
mentioning an adventure in which he was en- 
gaged as a second in a duel between two law- 
yers. When they met to give and receive satis- 
faction, one of the principals, when the pistol was 
placed in his hand, trembled to such a degree 
that the pistol went off and shot off* his own great 
toe ; upon which he, the second, interposed, de- 
claring that enough had been done for honour's 
sake. Of his merits and qualities as a Judge I 
cannot presume to offer any opinion. If he was, 
as I have been told was the case, severe in his 
sentences, as a friend and neighbour he was kind, 
charitable, and good-natured. This was put to 
the test on one occasion, when having hired four 
black horses to take him the Home Circuit, a day 
or two before he started some thieves cut off all 
the hair from their tails. The Judge, more 
amused than irritated, sent to a barber in London 
for false tails, which answered the purpose per- 
fectly well. His death was very sudden, and his 
old housekeeper, who had lived with him for a 
great number of years, died as suddenly in her bed 



12 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[** S. II. Jolt 5, ? G2. 



a year or two before her master. Speaking of 
this and other old servants, I well remember, when 
a lady was congratulating him upon his having 
such old domestic friends about him, his saying 
that there was not one of them who would not 
leave him directly if they could get three guineas 
a year more wages. Another of his opinions I 
well remember. " Never bring your son up in 
the profession of the law, unless he is in constitu- 
tion as strong as a horse." 

Mr. Justice Heath had the largest crops of 
hay in the parish. His evidence in these days 
upon the great sewage question would have been 
very valuable. He was a liberal subscriber to 
the Hayes parish school, but it was on this con- 
dition, — that he should have the sole right to the 
liquid manure which resulted from that valuable 
institution ; this he rigidly enforced ; and his 
crops of grass, though very coarse, were enor- 
mous. I believe that his example was not fol- 
lowed by any of the farmers in the neighbour- 
hood. R. W. Blbncowe. 



riiiLiPs 



a 



PHILLIPS'S] CEREALIA. 



(3 rd S. i. 452.) 



^ This Query may be termed one of the curiosi- 
ties of " jtf. & Q."; an amusing, if not interesting, 
collection of which will no doubt some day be 
published. The querist, commencing with mis- 
spelling the author's name, gives a garbled extract 
frona a rare poem, written in a peculiar inflated 
classical bombast — in fact, in burlesque of the 
style of Milton; and, without giving either ante- 
ceding or succeeding contexts, modestly says he 
"shall be thankful for a brief exposition." 

As some fellow-readers may vainly annoy their 
brains with this blind puzzle, I shall explain it 
for their benefit, without reference to the querist. 
The scene of Cerealia is laid in Olympus, just 
as Fame arrives bringing to Jove the news of the 
battle of Blenheim. Bacchus calls for a mighty 
bumper of nectar, to toast the heroic victors. 
Ceres, producing some barley, indignantly asserts, 
that as the battle was won by ale-drinking Bri- 
tons, in ale alone should the victors' healths be 
drunk; and ultimately gains her point. In the 
course of her speech, Cere3 describes an English 
hearth, with black pots of laughing ale gaily pas- 
sing round it ; while on a board, as large as 
Arthur s Round Table, reclines a sirloin of beef— 
Meet paragon for some Pancbaean hill." Then 
u lows the passage, which the querist has muti- 
lated ; but I here give entire. 

" I h " 8 ? ri Wn f § hardy sons, of rustic mould, 
I atient of arms, still quash th» aspiring Gaul, 

f£ i r V u m - V b °° n: which when th «V slightly prize 
Shcmld they, with high defence of triple brass P * 
\> ide-ciK iii£ live immured (a* «fst was tried 
Uy Uacon s charms, on which the sickening m*™ 



tf 






thing. 



LookM wan, and cheerless mewM her crescent horns 

Whilst Demogorgon heard his stern behest), 

Thrice the prevailing power of Gallia's arms 

Should there resistless ravage, as of old 

Great Pharamond. the founder of her fame, 

Was wont, when first his marshalM peerage pass'd 

The subject Rhene. 

There certainly can be no mystery here. The 
passage may be rendered as follows : — Britain s 
hardy sons, blest with the boon (beer) of Ceres, 
always conquer the French. But if the Britons 
give up drinking beer, and attempt to defend 
themselves with walls of triple brass, such as 
Bacon tried to make, they (the Britons) will be 
thrice ravaged by the French ; as, of old, Phara- 
mond, the founder of France's lame, was used to 
ravage the ancient Gauls when he crossed the 
Rhine. Every one knows the story of " Frier 
Bacon," and the brazen walls he attempted to 
make by his magical art ; but if anyone does not, 
let him at once procure Thorn's Early English 

Prose Romances, and I envy him the treat he will 
enjoy. 

Having disposed of the exposition our querist 
required, I now approach a very remarkable mat- 
ter, which I wish to treat as seriously as possible. 
It is pretty well known that there are persons at 
the present day, who, if they cannot find sermons 
in stones, manage to discover prophecies in every- 

Now, tried by the strictest canons appli- 
cable to prophecy, the above ale-inspired lines 
form a more curious and complete prediction than 
any that the modern prophecy-mongers have yet 
discovered. It would require little less than a 
dissertation? to point out the various concealed 
meanings in this wonderful prophecy, but a few 
words must suffice. Prophetically explained, the 
lines signify that when Britons become teetotal- 
lers, and attempt to defend themselves with 
iron-plated ships, they will be thrice ravaged as 
Pharamond ravaged the ancient Gauls. Observe 
the introduction of Pharamond's name here, and 
the mystical number three. The uncle of a cer- 
tain potentate was called the second Pharamond, 
and the nephew is the third of his dynasty. That 
ships, and not walls, are meant, is clear from the 
next succeeding lines 

" . . What though Britannia boasts 
Herself a world, with ocean circumfused? 
Tis ale that warms her sons t'assert her claim, 
And with full volley makes her naval tubes 
Thunder disastrous doom to opponent powers." 

Some sceptics may say that brazen walls have 
nothing to do with iron-plates; but they must 
consider the money — vulgo diet, brass — they cost. 
I need scarcely point out the significant allusion 
of crossing the Rhine, thereby meaning another 
piece of water. Nor need I observe that, strictly 
speaking, our old form of cannon could not be 
termed " naval tubes," as our modern guns can be 
designated. 






3'd S. II. Jcly 5, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



13 



But lest any one be needlessly alarmed, I must 
in conclusion say, that there is no present danger. 
For the predicted invasions and ravages are 
not to take place till Britons lightly prize the 
beer of Ceres, until, in short, our noble volunteers 
despise pale ale — to all present appearances, a con- 
summation most unlikely ever to take place. 

William Pijskerton. 

Hounslow. 



* A Hundred Sonnetts," etc. (3 rd S. i. 401.) 
Mr. Collier, in his interesting notes from the 
Register of the Stationers' Company, alludes to a 
work licensed in 1593 with this title, on which 
he remarks : " We never saw any copy of a work 
so entitled : if it now exist, it has not fallen in 
our way." 

Is it possible that the author never carried out 
his intention, and that the identical manuscript 
may have been that published, under the title of 
Ancient Devotional Poetry, by the Religious Tract 
Society in 1846? The facsimiles given in the 
Introduction, and the opinion of those conversant 
in such matters, refer this beautiful MS. to the 
period indicated, and the work itself answers to 
the description given, as it contains 106 devotional 
poems, by far the greater part of which are u Son- 
nets." The subjoined specimen will give a good 
idea of the spirit of the whole. It is numbered 

"I. 

* Up, sluggish Soule, awake, slumber no more, 

This is no time to sleepe in sin secure ; 
If once the Bridegroome passe and shutt the dore 

no entrance will be gaind, thou maist be sure. 
Now thou art up, fill up thy lampe with oile; 

hast thee and light it at the fire of loue ; 
Watch, and attend; what is a little toile 

To gain thee entrance to the ioies aboue? 
Go, greete the Bridegroome with low reuerence, 

humbly with patience waite upon his grace; 
Follow his steppes with loue and diligence, 

leaue all for Him, and only Him embrace. ' 

So shalt thou with Him, enter into rest, 

and at his heauenlie table sit and feast." 

Douglas Allport. 

Quotation References, etc. (3 rd S. i. 449.) 
The quotations which r. wishes to verify, are for 
the most part so loosely translated, that it is no 
easy matter to identify them. Those familiar 
with the works of St. Augustin, especially, will 
be aware how often the same thought occurs in 
the saint's writings, with some variation in the 
phraseology. A more elaborate search might be 
successful in most of the passages required ; but 
as r. is anxious for early answers, perhaps he will 
accept the following, which are all that I have 
been able at present to verify. 

No. 6. " God hath made the rich for the poor, and the 
poor for the rich . . . " 



This must refer, I think, to the following : 

" Fecit Deus pauperem, ut probet hominem : et fecit 



Deus divitem, ut probet ilium de paupere." — In Psalm. 

cxxiv. Enarrat. in fine. 

No. 7. "Think of Austin what you please; as long as 
my conscience accuseth me not with God, 1 will give you 
leave to think what you will." 

" Senti de Augustino quid quid libet, sola me in oculis 

Dei conscientia non accuset." — Lib. contra Secund. 
Munich. 

No. 8. " St. Augustine doth well define predestination ; 
it is an ordaining to salvation, and a preparing of all 
means thereto." 

" Ha3C est Proedestinatio sanctorum, nihil aliud; pras- 
scientia scilicet et praeparatio beneficiomm Dei, quibus 
certissime liberantur, quicumque liberautur." — De Dono 
Per sever antice, c. xxv. 

No. 10. " St. Austin was once of this mind, that 
people were not to be forced." 

" Ad fidem quidemnullus est cogendus invitus." — Con- 
tra Ep. Petiliani Donatistce, lib. ii. c. lxxxiii. 

No. 15. " As St. Cyprian saith, ' We carry as much 
from God as we bring vessels.' " 

" Nostrum tan turn sitiat pectus et pateat. Quantum 
illuc fidei capacis afferimus, tantum gratiae inundantis 
haurimus." — Epist. I. ad Donatum. 

No. 28. " St. Bernard pitched his hope on charitatem 
adoptionis, the love of God in making him his child ; and 
veritatem promissionis, the truth of God in performing his 
promise." 

" Tria igitur considero, in quibus tota spes mea con- 
sists, charitatem adoptionis, veritatem promissionis, 
potestateni redditionis." — Serin. III. de 8 panibus. 

F. C. H. 

4. " Saith St. Austin, I dare say that it is profitable 
for some men to fall: they grow more holy by their 
slips." 

Cf. Bp. Taylor's Serrn., " Of Lukewarmness and 
Zeal," Pt. i. : 

" How many severe persons, virgins and widows, are 
so pleased with their chastity, and their abstinence even 
from lawful mixtures, that they fall into a worse, — Pride; 
insomuch, that 1 remember St. Austin said, audeo dicere 
superbis continentibus expedit cadere, they that are chaste 
and proud, it is sometimes a remedy for them to fall into 
sin . . . it is not a cure that men may use, but God per- 
mits it sometimes with greater safety through His wise 
conduct and over-ruling Providence ; St. Peter was safer 
by his fall (as it fell out in the event of things), than by 
his former confidence. Man must never cure a Sin by a 
Sin; but He that brings good out of our evil, Be can 
when He please." — Discourses, Loud. 1817, vol. i. p. 225. 

11. "Cathedram habet in Ccelo, qui corda docet in 
terris." — St. Augustin in 1 Epist. St. Johan. Tr. iii. 
§ 13. Cf. also St. Augustin, De Disciplina Christiana. 

I fear this reply is too late to be of any use to 
r. ; but I send it, as the Queries were published 
in "N. & Q." Eirionnach. 

Dr. Joseph Browne (3 rd S. i. 465.) — For the 
"Country Parson's Honest Advice," he was, on 
May 30, 1706, sentenced to pay a fine of 40 marks 
and to stand in the pillory. On November 14 
following, he was, for his letter to Secretary 
Harley, find 40 marks, and ordered to stand in 
the pillory twice. We take him to have been the 



14 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8 rd S. II. July 5, '62. 



Joseph Browne of Jesus College, Cambridge, who 
proceeded M.B. in 1695. We cannot find that he 
took the degree of M.D., although he assumed the 
title. In the Bodleian Catalogue he is called 
D.D., but he was certainly a physician. In addi- 
tion to the two works before mentioned, he wrote 
and edited the following : 

"Lecture of Anatomy against" the Circulation of the 
Blood. Read publicly at Exeter Exchange the sixth of 
November last past" Lond. 4to. [1098.] 

" Mayernii Opera MedicacomplectantiaConsilia, Epis- 

tolas et Observationes, Pharmacopceanv variasque Medi- 
camentorum formulas.'' Lond. fo. 1701, 1703. 

"Treatise on the Blood . . . 1701, 1708." 

" The Modern Practice of Physick vindicated, and the 
Apothecaries cleared from the groundless Imputations of 
Dr. Pitt. With a Letter to bir J. Flover concerning the 
further Use of Cold Baths." Lond. 8vo. 1703, 1704, 1705. 

" The Reviewer Reviewed .... 1705." 

'* The Moon Calf; or Accurate Reflections on the *Con- 
solidator.' Giving an Account of some Remarkable 
Transactions in the Lunar World. Transmitted hither in 
a Letter to a Friend. By the Man in the Moon." (Anon.) 
. . . . [1705.] 

" Specimens of a new Translation of Horace into Eng- 
lish Verse .... 170 .. " 

" A Vindication of his Translation of Horace [from 

the Animadversions of De Foe in the Review.] 

170 . . " 

" A Dialogue between Church and No Church : or a 

Rehearsal of the Review. Containing many necessary 

Reflections on the State of Affairs both at Home and 

Abroad." A periodical on a half- sheet 4to, commenced 
in April, 170G. 

" Volpone or the Fox: by Way of Fable, very appli- 
cable to the present Times (Anon.)" Lond. 4to. 1706. 

" An Account of the wonderful Cures perform'd by the 
Cold Baths." Lond. 12° [1707.] 

" Works." Lond. 2 Vols. 8vo. 1715. 

u A Practical Treatise of the Plague." Lond. 8vo. 
1720. 

"Antidotaria: or, a Collection of Antidotes against 

the Plague aud other malignant Diseases." Lond. 8vo. 
1721. 

He continued the Examiner after Swift, Prior, 
Atterbury, Oldsworth, and Mrs. Manley had 
ceased to contribute to it. His portrait is pre- 
fixed to his Treatise on the Blood. We shall be 
glad of other particulars respecting him and his 
works. C. H. & Thompson Cooper. 

Cambridge. 

" Ran2e CANORiE " (3 ri S. i. 516.) —This book 
having been brought to notice in " N. & Q. t " it 
may be as well to complete the exculpation of 
G. Wakefield's connexion therewith by assigning 
the Ranee Canorce to its real author — that re- 
markable character, John Oswald, alias Sylvester 
Otway, originally an officer in the British service, 
and one of Scotia's minor bards. Oswald had a 
crotchet that it was unlawful to shed the blood of 
animals, which he picked up while on military 
service in India; and by consequence, a rigid 
vegetarian, who, when dining in company would 
eat the potato and leave the chop (Lives of Scot- 
tish Poets). He was, however, a fierce democrat ; 



and by his political writings and example con- 
tributed greatly to the eflusion of the blood of 
his fellow-creatures by maintaining the principles 
of the French Revolution. Oswald here showed 
that he was no theorist by sacrificing his own 
and the lives of his two sons in this murderous 
struggle. 

I have, among others, his book entitled - 

" The Cry of Nature ; or an Appeal to Mercy and 
Justice on behalf of the Persecuted Animals. By J. O., 
Member of the Club des Jacobins." Lond. 12mo. 1791. 

It has a frontispiece, representing a slaughtered 
fawn mourned over by the parent doe ; and one 
of the fair sex, in the costume of Eve before the 
fall. J. O. 

Sark (3 rd S. i. 507.)— The article referred to 
by A Constant Reader is probably that entitled 
" A Week's Imprisonment in Sark," which ap- 
peared last year in the Cornhill Magazine (vol. 
iv., No. 23, p. 537). Your correspondent will also 
find much information, both scientific and histori- 
cal, of a popular character, in a little work en- 
titled Rambles among the Channel Islands, by a 
Naturalist, published by the Society for Promot- 
ing Christian Knowledge. William Kelly. 

Leicester. 






Lae-chow Islands (3 rd S. i. 506.) — Your cor- 
respondent will find a full account of these islands, 
containing the statement he refers to, in a work 
entitled Narrative of an Expedition to the Polar 
Sea, in the Years 1820, 1821, 1822, and 1823, by 
Major Wrangell ; translated from the German by 
Mrs. Sabine, and edited by Major Edward Sabine, 
London, 1840. They are called Liichow, the 
name of an enterprising merchant, who discovered 
them about the year 1770. See pp. ciii. and 
exxix. of the Introduction to the above-mentioned 



work. 



C. T. 



The Blanshards (3 rd S. i. 408.) — In answer 
to R. B. P., there was a family of the name thus 
spelt, resident at Scalby, in the parish of Black- 
toft, near Howden, in the reign of Anne. William 
Blanshard, of Scalby, then living, married a sister 
of Robert Leadani of Beverley, gent., and left 

issue : — 

1. William Blanshard; 2. John Blanshard, of 
Escrick, died, *./>., 1730-1 ; 3. Robert Blanshard. 
of Beverley, tanner, an alderman and mayor of 
the town in 1760. He died, s. p. t Jan. 18, 1774, 
aged 56, and was buried in the great north tran- 
sept of the Minster. He was possessed of landed 
property in Scalby, Blacktoft, and several other 
places in the East Riding, most of which he left 
to his nephew, Phineas Ellis, of Beverley ; Eliza- 
beth, married John Ellis ; Mary. A. S. Ellis. 

Blake Family (3 rd S. i. 423.)— Perhaps the 
following Notes concerning the Blakes may in- 
terest Spal., especially as he seems desirous of 






3 rd S. II. July 5, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



15 



learning anything about Humphrey Blake, next 
brothe °of the Admiral or his descendants. 

In Asholt church, co. Somerset, is a memorial 
to Humphrey Blake, the elder, of Over Stowey, 
gent., who died June 1665, and Humphrey Blake, 
his son, who predeceased him September 1664 ; 
and in the chancel, another to Rev. Nicholas 
Blake, M.A., thirty-five years rector, who died 
Nov. 1705. In CollinsorTs History of Somerset- 
shire, i. 245, I find that Robert Blake, Esq., 
afterwards Admiral of England, held the manor 
of Tuxwell, in the parish of Spaxton, with lands 
in Spaxton, Asholt, Over and Nether Stowey, 
35th Eliz. Collinson errs, of course, in identi- 
fying this Robert as the Admiral. In the reign 
of Philip and Mary, George Sidenham and Henry 
Becher held Tuxwell, when the former had a 
licence to alienate the premises to Humphrey 

Blake. 

In the church of the'adjoining parish of Over 
Stowey are two monuments to the Blakes, one 
commemorating John Blake, jun., of Court House, 
in this parish, gent., who died May 2, 1723, aged 
32; and John Rich, gent., who died May 11th, 
1747, aged 33, with the arms Arg. a chevron 
between 3 garbs, and crest, a chough, sa ; the 
other, Humphrey Blake of Over Stowey, clothier, 
who died March 1619, and Anne his wife, died 

December 1645. 

Of this family was the late Dr. Robert Blake, 

of Over Stowey, who left two sons, Rev. Robert 
Blake, incumbent of St. Paul's, Bristol, and Rev. 
John Blake, vicar of Bishop's Lydeard, near 
Taunton, both of whom, I believe, died s. p. 

A. S. Ellis. 

Jacob and James (3 rd S. i. 411.) — Perhaps it 
has not been observed, that in the English Prayer- 
Book (1662), the 1st of May is " S. Philip and 
S. Jacob" while the 25th of July is ;; S. James" 
This is the case both in " Table of Proper Les- 
sons," the list of " Feasts that are to be ob- 
served," and the Calendar ; while the heading of 
the Collect is " S. Philip and S. James' Day." 

I take this from Reeling's Liturgice Britannicce ; 
in the ordinary Prayer-Books the printers have 
altered the form. 

Did the m creep into " James " through the 
form " Jachimo," or is it independent ? S. C. 

The Re 



(3 rd S. i. 356.)— F.R. R. has 
confused two distinct persons. The Dr. John 
Reynolds, or Rainolds, who attended the Hamp- 
ton Court Conference in 1603, was by no means 
identical with the Dr. Edward Reynolds, who 
became Bishop of Norwich in 1660, and after- 
wards, in 1661, attended the Savoy Conference. 

There is a notice of John Reynolds in Fuller's 
Abel Redivivus; and, as he was a Devonshire 
man, the histories of that county probably give 
some account of his family. S. C. 



Aerolites (2 nd S. xii. 194.) — N"12 does mean 



to create out of nothing. 



A. Z. Q. 



Hooker's " Ecclesiastical Polity " (3 rd S. i. 
361, 362.) — Mr. Collier evidently does not un- 
derstand the question about Hooker's later books. 
No one doubts that Hooker wrote three (not 
merely two, as Mr. C. says) concluding books — 
vi. vii. viii. — to his great work; but what men 
doubt is, whether the fragments we have are what 
Hooker wrote. It is known that his study was 
pillaged ; so that if vi. vii. viii. are his, they are 
at best but the rough copies, mended perhaps by 
some friendly hand. Mr. Collier is severe on 
those who have been positive without search. But 
he, without search, is just as positive that Hooker 
registered " eight books as completed." That the 
title-page of the first edition expressed eight books 
everybody knew, because Hooker intended to ex- 
tend the whole work to eight books ; anybody 
also who looked beyond the title-page knew that 
Hooker at the end of the fourth book, and again 
at the end of the fifth book, asked patience of his 
readers, and explained why the whole was not 
printed at once, — of course because he had not 
then finished the whole. Does Mr. Collier sup- 
pose that the last three books were lying complete 
at the printer's for years before the author's death, 
without being put into type ? Has he never read 
in Walton's Life of Hooker that this, the comple- 
tion of his work, was what Hooker wished to live 
for, and that he just completed it before his death, 
though, as before said, the last fruit of his labours 
was well nigh lost by the plundering of his study 
after his death ? I am sure I do not wish to say 
a word disrespectful to Mr. Collier, but he should 
not have been so hasty to parade a discovery 
which is no discovery at all ; nor should he have 
censured others for carelessness, when he has been 
so careless himself. A. Z. Q. 

Hunter's Moon (3 rd S. i. 224, 334.)— May it 
not be called hunter's moon, because about the 
time of that moon hunting begins ? As harvest 
moon is probably called so from occurring about 
harvest time, and being valuable to harvesters, so 
may it be with the moon that succeeds it. 

The Rev. Jas. Gray (3 rd S. i. 409.) — Your 
correspondent from Glasgow will find in the Life 
of the Rev. Robert Story, of Roseneath, notice of 
some verses by Mr. Gray, entitled " A Sabbath 
in the Mountains," written after a visit to Rose- 
neath. Z. 

" Shortened Proverbs (2 nd S. xii. 298.) — Pro- 
fessor De Morgan has mentioned several pro- 
verbs, of which a part only of each is now in use. 
Here are others : — 

" Charity begins at home, but should not end 

there." 






16 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'<» S. II. July 5, '62. 



44 



He's like a fox, grey before he's good." 
Hell is full of good meanings and wishes, 



heaven is full of good works." 

14 Hunger will break through stone walls, or 
anything else, except Suffolk cheese." 

44 Make not a toil of a pleasure, as the man said 
when he buried his wife." 

44 Plain dealing's a jewel, but they that use it die 
besrsrars." 



44 Possession is eleven points of the law, and 

they say there are but twelve." 

44 Seeing's believing, but feeling's the truth." 
44 The more the merrier, the fewer the better 

cheer." 

"Choke up child, the churchyard's nigh." 

(With which take another, 4< If you drink in your 

pottage, you'll cough in your grave.") 
44 Live and learn, die and forget all." 
Other proverbs commonly quoted incorrectly 

might be given, as 

44 To be tossed from post to pillar," instead of 

44 to pillory." J. P. 

Gossamer (3 rd S. i. 403, 458.) —The hold which 
the fable of the origin of these webs had on the 
minds of the vulgar is shown by the persistent use 
of the name Mary in Marien-Faden, Mariengarn, 
and Marten* sommer (Nativ. V. M., 8th Sept.), as 
quoted by W. Bell. The French name also is 
Fil de la Bonne Vierge. Hence, and as all these 
religious fables were necessarily widely known, it 
appears to me that gaze a Marie, Eng. gauze 6* 
Mary, is a more likely derivation of gossamer than 
any yet proposed. The old spellings of gossamour 
and gossamore perhaps show the tendency to em- 
phasize the last syllable, and as equivalent to 
love-down {amour Fr., and amove Ital.) they are 
worth notice, as exemplifying the fanciful and 
euphuistic etymologies of Holofernes and others 
of his day. Benj. Easy. 

Nevison the Freebooter (3 rd S. i. 428.) 
Eboracum wishes for any information respecting 
this noted robber. In 1657, the estate and manor 
of Harewood and Gawthorpe passed into the 
hands of Sir John Cutler, whom Pope has satirised 
in his Moral Essays (Ep. iii.) — 

44 Cutler saw tenants break and houses fall, 
For very want he could not build a wall ; 
His only daughter in a stranger's power, 
For very want he could not pay a dower," &c 

This, as I have shown in my history of this 
neighbourhood, is a most unjust and unfounded 
accusation, although reiterated by Maude in his 
Verbeia, and Pennant. Tradition says, however, 
that Sir John was very penurious, and on one occa- 
sion, being out in the park, he was nearly pounced 
upon by Nevison. A noted oak was formerly 
shown near to old Gawthorpe Hall, under which the 
knight was reclining, when Nevison sallied out of 
a neighbouring wood, having been on the watch 



for some days; but Sir John, suspecting the 
nature of the visit, made a forced march, and in a 
critical moment secured his retreat into the house. 
His narrow escape, and the fact of his enormous 
wealth having attracted Nevison to this neigh- 
bourhood on several occasions, induced Sir John 
to quit Gawthorpe Hall, and he took a cottage in 
the village, where, attended by his servant, a man 
of similar habits to his own, he lived secure from 
the dread of attack. John Jones. 

Authentic particulars respecting him may be 

found in Depositions from the Castle of York, 

relating to Offences committed in the Northern 

Counties in the seventeenth Century (edited by the 

Rev. James Raine for the Surtees Society, 1861), 

219—221, 259—262. Lord Macaulay {Hint, of 

England), and Mr. C. J. D. Ingledew {Ballads 

and Songs of Yorkshire, 125), call him William. 

His real name was John. They also refer his 

execution to the year 1685. According to Mr. 

Raine he was executed in May 1684. 

C. H. Cooper. 

Cambridge. 

Relative Value of Monet (3 rd S. i. 395.) 
Mb. Keightley seems somewhat to have mis- 
understood my statistics. That gentleman says 
(p. 145) : " They (i. e. Mr. Merryweather and 
myself) " spoke in general of ordinary farm horses 
in remoter parts of the country, I of good road- 
sters .... What I said of prices applied 
only to London and its vicinity, with a radius of 

say, thirty to fifty miles." 

This is a misconception. My illustrations were 
not confined to plough-horses or cart-horses. I 
gave instances of the value put upon all the 
horses possessed by a very wealthy squire of 
Bucks, i.e. his own and his farm horses. As the 
Michael Hampden of Hartwell and that ilk, from 
whose inventory my extracts were taken, lived in 
that part of the county which is so well known by 
the name of " the Vale," he must have hunted. 
In the " sorrell geldinge " and the " graye mare," 
we have the squire's hunters and their values ; 
and as most hunters make good hacks, we have 
in them and the " hobbye," the squire's roadsters 
also, and their prices. 

The " horse colte " was no doubt also the 
squire's own horse, and was coming on. Hart- 
well, the squire's residence, is no more than about 
forty odd miles from London. H. C. C. 

Board or Trade (3 rd S. i. 485.) 

u Cromwell seems to have given the first notions of 
board of Trade: in 1655 he appointed his son Richard, 
with many Lords of his Council, Judges, and gentlemen, 
and about" twenty merchants of London, York, Newcastle, 
Yarmouth, Dover, &c., to meet and consider by what 
means the trade and navigation of the republic might be 
best promoted."— Thomas s Notes of the Bolls (quoted in 
Ha>'dn's Diet, of Dates.) 

There appear to have been at the commence- 









3 rd S. II. July 5, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



17 



The following are its first two 



ment of Charles II.'s reign two distinct Councils, 
— the Council for Trade, and the Council for 
Foreign Plantations, — the institutions of that 
monarch, which in 1672 became a united Council 
for Trade and Plantations. This, however, ceased 
after a few years, the duties of the Board de- 
volving on the Privy Council. After having been 
re-established in 1695, it was abolished in 1782. 
The date of its present constitution is 1786. 

F. Phielott. 

Parodies on Grays Elegy (3 rd S. i. 197, 
355.) — Let me add two additional parodies of 
" Gray's Elegy," taken from The Spirit of the 
Public Journals, as before named. The first is 
"An Elegy written in Poets' Corner, West- 
minster Abbey." 
stanzas : — 

" Now sinks the hum confus'd of busy Care, 
And solemn Eve begins her placid reign ; 
Mild Contemplation muses on the air, 
And Silence bends before the vestal train. 

"In this cold solitude, this awful shade, 

Where sleeps the lyre of many a tuneful breath ; 
The ghastly shroud, and dust-disturbing spade, 

Invite the shuddering thought to gloom and Death." 

Vol. vi. p. 131. 

The second is of a very different order ; it ridi- 
cules the proceedings consequent on Sir Francis 
Burdett's imprisonment, and the legal decisions 
against him. It is entitled " An Elegy written 
in Westminster Hall," and is copied " from the 
Morning Post, May 20, 1811." I transcribe the 
first, and two or three other stanzas : — 

" The Judges toll the knell of Burdett's fame, 
The rabble-rout disperse with lack of glee; 
The Counsel homeward plod, just as they came, 
And leave the Hall to darkness and to me. 



"For me no more the flaming press shall teem, 
Nor busy printers ply their evening care; 
No patriots flock to propagate my theme, 
Nor lick my feet the ill-got wreath to share. 



"Can golden box*, though worth a hundred pound, 
Back to poor Burdett bring his forfeit fame? 
Can honour's voice now on his side be found, 
Or flattery shield him from contempt and shame. 

••••••• 

From the " Epitaph." 

" Here hides his head, now humbled to the Earth, 
A man to John Home and his faction known ; ' 
Fair talents never smiled upon his birth, 
■ And Disappointment marked him for her own. 

" Large were his wishes, but his lot severe, 
To Tooke he owed his fortune and reverse ; 
He gained from John, 'twas all his portion, shame, 
, . John gained from him, 'twas all he wished — his 

purse."— Vol. xv. p. 255. 

Such extracts almost need an apology ; but as 
exhibiting the spirit of past times, and as having 

* Proposed to be presented to him. 



somewhat of literary curiosity about them, they 
may be just worth inserting in the pages of 

" N. & Q.» X. A, X. 

Whig (3 r4 S. i. 436.) — ;Wig or whig, a sort of 
cake, has nothing to do with " Wig turned up 
with curls." Whig or wig is the same word as 
whey — the watery portion of milk, of which the 
cake was made. C. R. 

Superstition (3 rd S. i. 390.) — I have a refer- 
ence to " N. & Q." 2 nd S. v. 126, to an old trans- 
lation of the passage in Cicero, and again (re- 
translated and referred to) by your enlightened 
and instructive correspondent Eirionnach, so he 
is not original in his etymology. C. R. 

Singular Custom at Grantham (?) (3 rd S. i. 
482.) — I believe that the paragraph forwarded by 
Mr. R. F. Wheeler appeared first of all in the 
Grantham Journal of some weeks' back, and that 
it then formed a portion of the hebdomadal supply 
of intelligence relating to the little town of Bowen, 
a place about twenty miles distant from the 
borough within which the organ arises which 
chronicles the eccentricity. Probably the Editor 
of the local paper read at Whitby, North Shields, 
or some other similarly responsible being before 
him, had used scissors and paste without ob- 
serving that the Grantham Journal takes note of 
events happening in localities remote from its 
native town, which, although celebrated for 

" A lofty steeple and a living sign," 

(which latter is now wanting) although graced 
by the Newton Monument and famed for its 
manufacture of gingerbread and a peculiar kind 
of biscuit called " Whetstone," has no such cus- 
tom as that with which some inadvertence has 
coupled its name. St. Swithin. 

Remaining covered in the Rotal presence 
(3 rd S. i. 208.)— With reference to a Lord King- 
sale asserting his right to stand with his head 
covered in the royal presence, I have to state that 
John, 26th Lord Kingsale, came into the presence 
of George IV. at a levee in Dublin with his head 
uncovered, and his majesty at once said, "Put on 
your hat, Lord Kingsale ; I like old customs." 
His lordship was accompanied by his grandson, 
the late Sir Andrew Agnew, who is the authority 
for this anecdote. David C. A. Agnew. 

Wigtown, N. B. 

S.T.P. (3 rd S. i. 231.)— I can answer for Scot- 
land that the initials S.T.P. can be used only by 
a professor — sometimes S.S.T.P. (Sacro-sanctae 
theologize professor). A minister of the Gospel 
sometimes adds to his name V.D.M. (verbi Dei 
minister), and a Preacher, i.e. a Probationer or 

Licentiate, E.C.P. (evangelii Christ i predicator). 

D. C. A. Agnew. 



i» 



Wigtown, N. B. 



18 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'* S. IL July 5, '62. 



Paracleptics (3 rd S. i. 464.)— The following 
charm against book-stealers, which I picked up 
some time since, is so awfully practical, that I 
think it will come much nearer to the " busi- 
ness and bosoms " of your readers, than any ap- 
peal to a remoter power, however inexorable : 

" Si quisauis furetur 
This little Libellnm 
Per Phcebum, per Jovem, 

I'll kill him — I'll fell him 

In ventrem illius 

I'll stick my scalpellum. 
And teach him to steal 

My little Libellum. 

Douglas Allport. 
Damiens' Bed op Steel (3 rd S. i. 364, 419, 



If 



479.) — I believe that Goldsmith did not indulge 
in any poetical licence, but merely stated a plain 
fact. Smollett, in his History of England, after 
describing the first examination by torture of the 
assassin at Versailles, states that he was removed 
to Paris, and proceeds as follows : 

* Being conducted to the Conciergerie, an iron bed, 
which likewise served for a chair, was prepared for him, 
and to this he was fastened with chains. The torture was 
again applied, and a physician ordered to attend to see 
what degree of pain he could support," &c. 

W. J. Bern hard Smith. 

Temple. 

Twinkling or a Bedstaff (2 ud S. vi. 347.)' — 
A woodcut in Wright's Domestic Manners and 
Sentiments of the Middle Ages, suggests to me 
that we have not yet hit on the nature of this 
instrument. Here we see the chambermaid in 
the seventeenth century making use of a staff to 
beat up the bedding, in the process of making the 
bed. The rapid use of this implement would 
quite give the idea of twinkling. Its size would 
make it much more suitable for fencing, than a 
mere pin, like that suggested by Johnson as used 
to keep the bedding in its place. It would, in 
fact, be precisely like a heavy single-stick ; and 
would thus fall in with Mr. Bernhard Smith's 
idea at p. 487. The change from bedstaff to bed- 
post is, no doubt, recent. Horace Walpole uses 
the former word. Vebna. 

Rabbit (3[ d S. i. 403, 490.)— With respect to 
the etymologies of your two learned correspon- 
dents, I confess I think "that much might be 
said on both sides**; but, at the same time, I ven- 
ture to state that the pronunciation of the word 
in our West-country dialects, which is pretty 
nearly " Herpet," suggests a connexion with the 
Greek tpncrSy, a creeper : a connexion which those 
who have observed the extraordinary affinities 
between Greek and English in the nomenclature 
of common objects, will scarcely deem impossible. 

C. W. Bingham. 

Allow me to inform Dr. Chance that in ety- 



mology, letters of the same organ, as b and />, or 
as d and t, are regarded as identical : so that the 
only real difference between dapod and rabbit lay 
in the first letter. For the commutability of I 
and r with d and t, Dr. Chance can only re- 
member Sdk-pvov and lacryma ; but I think he must 
have met with Cadiz and Cales, Madrid and 
Madril ; and he must be aware that laisser Fr. t 
lasciare It. f are dejar in Spanish ; that cicada is 
cicala It., cigale Fr., hedera, ellera It., lierre Fr. ; 
and that the Sicilian dialect turns the Italian 11 to 
dd, as in Mongibeddo for Mongibello. I cannot 
remember so many instances of the commutation 
of r with d and f, though I have met with many, 
but I do recollect, the two following : Boccaccio 
frequently uses fedire for ferire, and porfido is 
the only Italian term for porphyry. I, therefore, 
consider my etymology a perfectly legitimate one. 
As to my assuming a syncope and apocope, it will 
surprise no one acquainted with the French and 
Portuguese mode of forming words from the 
Latin. 

I am much obliged to your correspondent who 
informed me that catamaran is not the native 
term for the surf-boat of Madras. It gives the 
greater probability to the origin I assign to that 
term. Thos. Keightlet. 












Service "at the Healing" (3 rd S. i. 496.) 
The communication of X. A. X. gives the service 
as in the Book of Common Prayer in the reign of 
Anne. 

Macaulay (vol. iii. p. 479, edit. 1859,) says that 
u it was not till some time after the accession of 
George I. that the University of Oxford ceased to 
reprint the Office of Healing, together with the 
Liturgy " — and he is therein correct. 

I have before me a handsome copy of the 
Liturgy, bound up with the Old and New Testa- 
ments, and the title-page of each of them has 
"Oxford: Printed by John Baskett, printer to 
the King's most Excellent Majesty, and to the 
University, mdccxv." 

It is folio size, but the sheets are folded in 
sixes ; and this service occurs on the fifth leaf of 
signature I, immediately after the service for the 
1st of August, on the King's Accession ; with the 
close of which the service divides the first page of 
the leaf, and its own close divides the second page 
of the leaf with " His Majesty's Declaration," &c, 
prefixed to the Thirty-nine Articles. 

The service is not noticed in the u Table of Con- 
tents," which ends with the " Form of Prayer and 
Thanksgiving for the 1st of August"; but, as 
shown above, this service was undeniably printed 
officially, in 1715, in the reign of Geo. I., as an 
integral part of the Book of Common Prayer. 

Some references are given by Macaulay in p. 480, 
which may be added to those in " N. & Q," 3 rd S. 
i. 314. Lancastbiensis. 



3* d s. II. July 5, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



19 



Petrified Human Remains (3 rd S. i. 370, 

437.) The corpse referred to by Me. Parkin, 

was evidently not petrified, but simply encrusted 
with a deposit from the water in which it lay, as 
is the case with extraneous bodies — such as 

and birds'-nests 



placed in our 
Hathersage is in the 



twigs, mosses, 
so-called petrifying springs. 

neighbourhood of the High Peak, about equidis- 
tant from Tideswell and Castleton, where such 
springs are abundant. The process is quaintly 
described in Cotton's Wonders of the Peake, Lon- 
don, 16 — . I quote from the fourth edition, but 
am unable to give the date, the last two figures 
having been carelessly ploughed off by the binder: 

" Propt round with Peasants, on you trembling go, 
Whilst every step you take, your Guides do show 
In the uneven rocks the uncouth shapes 
Of Men, of Lions, Horses, Dogs, and Apes ; 
But so resembling, each, the fancied shape, 
The Man might be the Horse; the Dog, the Ape; 
And straight, just in your way, a stone appears 
Which the resemblance of a Haycock bears, 
Some four foot high ; and beyond that, a less 
Of the same Figure : which do still increase 

, In height, and bulk, by a continual drop 
Which upon each distilling from the top, 
And falling still exactly on the Crown, 
There break themselves to mists, which trickling down, 
Curst * into stone, and (but with leisure) swell 
The sides, and still advance the miracle. 
So that in time, they would be tall enough 

[' If there were need, to prop the hanging roof." 

Douglas Allport. 

Reproduction of Old Witticisms (3 rd S. i. 
394.) — It may perhaps interest F. C. H. to know 
that the anecdote of the asperges, is to be found 
in Holcroffs Diary as far back as 1798. On the 
9th July in that year, Holcroft notes "Dined 
with Phillips (Monthly Magazine.}" Amongst 
others, he there meets Dr. Geddes, whom he re- 
cords as being " fond of dull stories," but unfor- 
tunately illustrates his observation with a very 
lively anecdote; for of Geddes he says : 

"One of his stories was of a Romish priest, who sent 
up to town to Coghlan, a Catholic bookseller, for three 
hundred asparagus, which the man mistook for Asperges, 
an instrument used to sprinkle holy water with. The 
joke was the bookseller's distress at not being able to pro- 
cure more than forty or fifty in the time, and promising 
the rest." 

Edwin Roffe. 

Bye-Law (l 8t S. ill. 109.)— Du Cange 
plains the Low-Latin word bellagiues to be the 
municipal laws of the Goths, and connects it with 
Dan. bilage and Eng. bye-law. He gives a quo- 
tation from Jornandes, who wrote in the sixth 
century : 

" Physicam tradens, naturaliter propriis legibus vivere 
fecit, quas usque nunc conscriptas, bellagines nuncupant." 
De JRtb. Get. cap. ii. de Diceneo. 

A. L. M. 



* For crust, i. e. encrust; become encrusted; or, as 
some would say, petrified. 



Young's Type Composing-Machine (3 rd S. i. 
448, 496.) — The first type composing-machine 
was the invention of Mr. James Young, who died 
at Dover during the autumn of last year. The 
first copy of The Family Herald, dated Dec. 17, 
1 842, and several following numbers, was printed 
from type thus composed. A short notice, de- 
scriptive of the machine, was given in the first 
Herald. The writer observes : — 

" The rapid composition of a given quantity in a short 
period of time has been fully accomplished, and the paper 
the reader has in hand was set up by two young persons 
in the same space of time as would have required the 
exertion of five skilled men by the ordinar} 7 method." 

At the head of the paper is an illustration of 
the machine — the very counterpart of the one 
now shown at the International Exhibition. 






I have italicised " young persons " in the above 
quotation, because the late Mr. G. Biggs, founder 
and proprietor of The Family Herald, had his 
mind set for the employment of females in the 
printing office ; and the " young persons " are 
females, as depicted in the engraving. After 
employing the machine, worked by female labour, 
for just half a year, Mr. Biggs' was obliged to 
succumb to the evil threats of the Union men and 
others in the trade, and abandon both projects. 

Mr. Young was also the inventor of the dis- 
tributing-machine ; but the lingering illness, of 
which he finally died, prevented him from taking 
an active part among the great printers, and I fear 
others reaped what he had sown. 

G. W. Septimus Piesse. 

Chiswick. 

Mme. Louise Dauriat (3 r * S. i. 486.) — This 
lady is a native of Paris, but the year of her birth 
is unknown. Her " Lectures on the Social Rights 
of Women," delivered at llanelajrh, were closed 
by order of the Prefet of Police, M. Franchet, as 
being too liberal. Her object was announced to 
be the restoration of her sex to the entire exercise 
of its prerogative; and to effect this, she has 
written on gymnastics, &c. 

Mme. Dauriat has also written some historical 
novels, and a Cours d'Histoire Religieuse et Uni- 
verselle, intended to be in four volumes, but of 
which only the first volume has appeared (Paris, 
1828), see Querard, La France Litttraire. 

J. Mac ray, 

Oxford. 

George Herbert (3 rd S. i. 249.) — George 
Herbert's ode, ^th the title " Virtue," begins : 

" Sweet dav, so cool, so calm, so bright, 
The Bridal of the Earth and Sky, 
The Dew shall weep thy fall to-night, 
For thou must dy." 

The Temple, fyc. §•<?., 7th edition, p. 80, 
London, 1656. 

A new version was written by Bishop Home, 



20 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'<* S. II. July 5, '62. 



and will be found in the volume containing his 
"Life and Common Places." 
metre : for instance, by substituting for the 4th 
line of verse first 



He changed the 



u For thou with all thy sweets must die. 



" 



1). C. A. Agnew. 



A 



" Hurlothbumbo " (3 rd S. I 411, 456.) 

copy of the music to this play is now lying before 
me. It is a thin folio of ten leaves, with the fol- 
lowing title : 

"The Songs in Hurlothrumbo Compos'd by Mr. Sam 1 
Johnson. London : Printed for y e Author, Sold by Dan. 
Wright at y° Golden Bass Violin, next y c Sun Tavern in 
Holborn; P. Warmsley at y c Harp in Piccadilly, and 
W. Smith at Corelli's Head ag< Norfolk Street in the 
Strand." 

This music is the most execrable stuff that can 
be imagined. 



E. r . li. 




• •• 

9 • t 



i&ttXl&ncaui. 



NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC. 

The Life of Sir Philip Sidney. By Julius Lloyd, M.A. 
(Longman & Co.) 

If biographers have been tardy in doing justice to that 
accomplished scholar, gallant hero, skilful statesman, and 
faithful Christian, Sir Philip Sidney, they seem now 
ready and anxious to make amends for their former 
neglect. The ink is scarcely dry in the pen with which 
we called attention to Mr. Bourne's Memoir, when we 
have to take it up again to record a fresh biography of 
this observed of all observers. The work before us treats 
rather of the man than his works — his actions rather 
than his writings. It brings before us some new mate- 
rials derived principally from the State Paper Office, and 
records in a pleasing and graceful manner all the in- 
cidents of his life. Mr. Lloyd does not fall into the com- 
mon fault of biographers — the indiscriminate eulogy of 
his hero; but while he admits the temptations and fail- 
ings of Sidney, he justly describes him as "a genuine 
patriot, a loyal lover of freedom, a brave and a wise 
gentleman." Mr. Lloyd's Life of Sidney is an acceptable 
addition to our biographies of English Worthies. 

Of Anagrams : A Monograph treating of their History 
from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time ; with an /n- 
troduction y containing numerous Specimens of Macaronic 
Poetry; Punning Mottoes; Rhopalic, Shaped, Equivocal, 
Lyon, and Echo Verses; Alliterations, Acrostics, Lipo- 
grams. Chronograms, Logograms, Palindromes, Bouts 
Rime's. By H. B. Wheatley. (Williams & Norgate.) 

This extensive, and in the original quaintly printed 

title-page, from the press of Austin of Hertford, describes 

the contents of this amusing little volume. The author 
professes, that — 

" As dogs hunt rats, so would he rifle 
The dustiest nooks to find a trifle," — 

and he has certainly hunted with some success. The 
subject is a curious one, which Sotlthey and Disraeli 
amused themselves by writing chapters upon: and Mr. 
Wheatley may, therefore, well be justified in going one 
step beyond them, and writing a book upon it — more 
especially when that book turns out to be a verv amusing 
one to those who can take an interest in these quirks and 
quiddities of literature. 

Reminiscences Personal and Bibliographical of Thomas 
Hartwell Home, B.D., F.S.A.,frc. With Notes by his 



Daughter, Sarah Anne Cheyne ; and a Short Introduction 
by the Rev. Joseph B. M'Caul. (Longman.) 

Mr. Home has been well called " the nursing father of 
modern English biblical criticism"; and this memoir of 
his long and well spent, if not eventful life, is a valuable 
encouragement to all to follow his example, and be per- 
severing in well-doing. 

History of the Parish of Ecclesfield, in the County of 
York. By the Rev. J. Eastwood, M.A. (Bell & Daldy.) 

Fourteen years' steady and conscientious inquiry into 
the history of the church and parish of which he waa the 
Curate, has enabled Mr. Eastwood to produce one of the 
most complete Parochial Histories which we have ever 
met with. Originally undertaken without any view to 
publication, inasmuch as the district had been" described 
by the Rev. Joseph Hunter, the death of that gentle- 
man, and the extent of Mr. Eastwood's special researches 
both here and abroad, seem to call for its being made 
public ; and we think students of topography will be well 
pleased that the author has yielded to the " request of 
friends," and given to the world the result of his long and 
laborious inquiries. 

Books received. 

The Chronicles of Oatlands and it* Neighbourhood* A 
Lecture. By Henry Gay Hewlett. (J. S. Virtue.) 

A pleasant gossiping Lecture, delivered and printed 
for the benefit of the Oatlands' Schools. Buy it, Reader. 

The Iliad. Book L In English Hexameters according 

to Quantity. By John Murray. (Walton & Maberly.) 

A fresh and interesting contribution to the Homeric 
and Hexameter question. 

The Crisis of Common Prayer. A Letter addressed to 
the Very Rev. tlie Dean of Westminster. By William 

John Blew. (C. J. Stewart.) 

An able defence of the propriety of maintaining the 
Prayer Book in its integrity, called forth by Lord Ebury's 
proposed Bills; but which we hope are withdrawn not 
for this Session, but for all time. 

Where shall we Go f A Guide to die Watering Places 
of England, Scotland, and Ireland. With Maps and 
Illustrations. Third Edition, revised and improved. (A. & 

C. Black.) 

It is enough to call attention to the fact, that this use- 
ful Guide to Holiday Makers has reached a third edition, 
which has been revised and improved. 

Hints to Anglers. By Adam Dryden. Illustrated with 
Maps. (A. & C. Black.) 

This may be called a reply to the Angler's Query — 
Where shall we go to fish f — and contains accounts ot the 
best fishing stations in Scotland, with illustrative maps. 









f20ttcc«s t0 <tLaxxti$a\iismUi. 

Among other Papers of interest, which ice have been eoni/teUed to post- 
pone, are Mr. Cottier's Extracts from the Register! of the Stationers' 
Company: Mr. J. O. Nichols' The Feast of the Name of Jetut; Mr. 
Corner's Duddynjrton the Orcan Builder, and South wark or St. Geonre • 
Bar; Dr. Bell on Gloves: Mr. Armhtead on Faroe and Fairfield; Mr. 
BarUetCs Forgetful ness after Sleep; Dr. lidcc's Families of Field and 
De la Feld; Mr. Allport's North Devonshire Folk Lore, fc. 

Thk Index to the First Volumb of thi Third Series will be issue 1 1 
with »*N. & Q." of the 19th instant. 

The General Index to the Second Series will be ready very 
shortly. 

Erratum. — 3rd S. L, p. 515, col. ii. note t, line 1,/or "Caro," read 



"Baro." 






• 






"Notes and Queries " is published at noon on Friday, and is also 
issued in Monthly Parts. The Subscription for Stamped Copies for 
Six Months forwarded direct from the Publishers {including the Half- 
yearly Inobx) is 11b. 4d„ which may be paid by Post (Jthce Order in 
favour of MtuRi. Bell and Daldy, 18*, Fleet Street, E.C.; to whom 
all Communications for the Editor should be addressed. 


















3' d S. II. July 5, '62.] 



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Patient must have a little perseverance and determination : and then 
with these powerful medicines he cannot fail to conquer his disease, 
however obstinate it may be. The Ointment should be briskly rubbed 
into «ne parts aftected, after they have been fomented with luke-warm 
water. I he Pills, by their action on the blood and the humours of the 
pody, are an admirable auxiliary to the Ointment, and improve and 
invigorate the whole system. Directions for the use of these medicines 
accompany each pot and box. 



UNITED KINGDOM 

LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY, 

No. 8, "WATERLOO PLACE, PALL MALL, S.W. 

DlRKCTORS. 

The Hon. FRANCIS SCOTT, Chairman. 
CHARLES BERWICK CURTIS, Esq., Deputy Chairman. 



EDWARD LENNOX BOYD, Esq. 

(Resident). 
WILLIAM FAIRLIE, Esq. 
D. Q. HENRIQUES,Esq. 
J. G. HENRIQUES, Esq. 
MARCUS H. JOHNSON, Esq. 



A. H. MACDOUGALL, ESQ. 
F. C. MAITLAND, Esq. 
WILLIAM RAILTON, Esq. 
TIIOS. THORBY,Esq., F.S.A 
HENRY TOOGOOD, Esq. 



SUPERIOR ACCOMMODATION 

COMPANY. 



BY THIS 



This Company offers the security of a large paid-up capital, held in 
shares by a numerous and wealthy proprietary, thus protecting the 
assured from the risk attending mutual offices. 

There have been three divisions of profits, the bonuses averaging 
nearly 2 per cent, per annum on the sums assured from the commence- 
ment of the Company. 

Sum Assured. Bonuses added. Payable at Death. 

£5,f00 £1,987 10s. £6,987 10s. 

1,000 397 10s. 1,397 10s. 

100 39 15s. 139 15s. 

To assure £100 payable at death, a person aged 21 pays £2 2s. Ad. per 
annum; but as the profits have averaged nearly 2 per cent, per annum, 
the additions, in many cases, have been almost as much as the pre- 
miums paid. 

Loans granted on approved real or personal security. 

Invalid Lives. Parties not in a sound state of health maybe insured 
at equitable rates. 

No charge for Volunteer Military Corps while serving in the United 
Kingdom. 

The funds or property of the company, as at 1st January, 1861, 
amounted to £730,665 7s. 10c/., invested in Government and other ap- 
proved securities. 

Prospectuses and every information afforded on application to 

E. L. BOYD, Resident Director. 



LAW LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY, Fleet Street, 
London. Established 1823. 

The invested assets of this Society exceed five millions sterling ; its 
annual income is four hundred and ninety-five thousand pounds. 

Up to the 31st December, 1861, the Society had paid 
in claims upon death— sums assured - £1,323,378 

„ Bonus thereon - 1,115,298 



Together - £5,444,676 

The profits are divided every fifth year. All participating policies 
effected during the present year will, if in force beyond 31st December, 
1864, share in the profits to be divided up to that date. 

At the divisions of profits hitherto made, reversionary bonuses exceed- 
ing three and a half millions have been added to the several policies. 

Prospectuses, forms of proposal, and statements of accounts, may be 
had on application to the Actuary, at the Office, Fleet Street, London. 

February, 1862. WILLIAM SAMUEL DOWNES, Actuary. 



MO RING, ENGRAVER 
ARTIST, 44, HIGH HOLBORN, W.C. 



and HERALDIC 

-Official Seals, Dies, 
Diplomas, Share, Card-Plates, Herald Painting, and Monumental 
Brasses, in Mediaeval and Modern Styles. — Crest Die, 7s.; Crest on Seal 
or Ring, 8*.; Press and Crest Die, 15s.; Arms sketched, 2s. 6</.; in Colours 
55. Illustrated Price List Post Free. 



WINES OF FRANCE, SPAIN, ETC. 

HEDGES & BUTLER solicit attention to their 
pure 

ST. JULIEN CLARET, 

at 20s., 24x., 30s., and 36s. per dozen; La Rose, 425.; Latour, 545.; Mar- 
gaux, 605., 72s. ; Chateau, Lafitte, 725., 845., 96s.; superior Beaujolais, 24s. ; 
Macon, 30s., 36s.; choice Burjrundy, 48s., 60s., 72s., 84s. ; pure Chablis, 
30s.. 36s., 48s.; Sauterne, 48s., 72s.; Roussillon,36s.; ditto, old in bottle, 
42s.; sparkling Champacne,42s., 48s., 60s., 66s., 78s. 

SUPERIOR GOLDEN SHERRY, 
of soft and full flavour, highly recommended, at 36s. per dozen. 

Good dinner Sherry 24s. to 30s. 

High class Pale, Golden, or Brown Sherry 42s. „ 48s. 

Port, from first-class Shippers 36s. 42s. 48s. „ fiOs. 

Hock and Moselle 30s. 36s. 48s. 60s. „ 120s. 

Sparkling Hock and Moselle 60s. 66s. „ 78s. 

Fine old Sack, rare White Port, Imperial Tokay, Malmsey, Fron- 
tignac, Constantia, Vermuth, and other fare Wines. Fine Old Pale 
Cognac Brandy, 60s. and 72s. per dozen. On receipt of a Post-office 
Order or Reference, any quantity, with a Priced List of all other Wines, 
will be forwarded immediately by 

HEDGES & BUTLER, 

LONDON : 155, REGENT STREET, W. 

Brighton : 30, King's Road. 
(Originally established a.d. 1667.) 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8" S. IL July 12, '62 



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3'd S. II. July 12, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



21 



LONDON SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1862. 



CONTENTS— No. 28. 

NOTES : — The Registers of the Stationers' Company, 21 — 
William Strode, 23 — Fc-eroe : Fairfield, lb. — " The Times " 
and Assam, 24. 

Minor Notes :— Recovery from apparent Death — Lady 
Hyndford — City — A Word wanted — Jewelry — A Bird, 
the Prelude of Death, 25 

QUERIES: — Duddyngton, the Organ Maker: Organs and 
Organ Builders, 26 — John Abraham — Anonymous — 
Arms on separate Shields — The Rev. Legard Blacker — 
Counsel and Causes — S. Dunstan — The Drensteignton 
Cromlech — Flemish — Hollandish — Japanese Marriage 
Custom — Jacob of Archamgere — Kent Arms — Number 
of known Languages in the Seventeenth Century— Nephri- 
tic Stone— Pavyor, Pavier, Pavor — Statistics of Premature 
Interments — Public Library, Dublin — Alexis St. Martin 

— Sinnot and Dillon Families — Upsall — William of Dud- 
ley 26. 

Queries wits Answers : — Bible, 1682 : Italic References 

— The Ballad of Sir James the Rose — Jerusalem Cham- 
ber: Henry IV. Part II. Act IV. Scene 4— Butter, But- 
terfly, &c. — Marabou Feathers — Quotation wanted, 29. 

REPLIES: — Dr. Johnson on Punning, 30 — Gloves, 31 — 
Forgetfulness after Sleep, 32 — Families of Field and De la 
Feld : the Prefix " De la " to English Surnames, 33 — Blue 
and Buff, 34 — " History of John Bull " — Sara Holmes — 
Coverdale's Bible — Mackelcan Family — Literature of 
Lunatics — Analogy between Colours and Musical Sounds 

— Adjustment of the Eye to Distance — Plurality of Edi- 
tions — Climate of England — Rats leaving a Sinking Ship 

— Private Act — Birth-day of George III. — Longevity of 
Lawyers — Ferula — Turkey-cocks — Age of Newspapers 

— Portraits of Archbishop Cranmer — Braose Family — 
Coins in Tankards, 34. 

Monthly Feuilleton on French Books, 38. 



THE REGISTERS OF THE STATIONERS' 

COMPANY. 

(Continued from 3 rd S. i. p. 503.) 

23 Febr. [1593-4.] —Edward Allde. Entred 
for his copie, &c. a ballad intituled A doleful 
Songe made by Robert Randole, borne in Wales. 



song 



» 



vj d . 

[Ritson (Bibl. Poet. p. 309) speaks of this " doleful 
as if it had really been written by, and not for, 
this criminal : see also the next entry.] 

John Danter. Entred for his copie, &c. a 
ballad intituled A wofull and sorrowfull complaint 
of Robert Randall and Tko. Randall his son, who 
were executed at St. Thomas of Waterings the 
xxvj of February, 1593 vj d . 

[The preceding entries must have been made in anti- 
cipation of the execution : Ritson gives the date erro- 
neously. Stow says nothing of the crime committed, 
but it was probably piracy. ] 

5 Marcij. — Thos. Creede. Entred for his copie, 
&c. a booke intituled The Lookinge Glasse for 
London, by Tho. Lodg and Robert Greene, gent. 

^ [This drama was printed in 1594 by Creede under the 
title of " A looking Glasse for London and England : 
Made by Thomas Lodge, Gentleman, and Robert Greene." 
It was three times reprinted, viz. in 1598, 1602, and 
1617, and may be seen in the edition of Greene's Works, 



in 1831, vol. i. p. 54. It is to be regretted that the editor 
did not correct, or suggest the correction of, various mis- 
prints: thus on p. 61 we have "mustering" for blus- 
tering; on p. 62 " either" for highly, and "shelves" for 
shoals; on p. 65 "through" for thought, &e. He took 
great pains in the collation of the later editions, but they 
repeated the blunders of the first.] 

viij Marcij. — John Danter. Entred unto him 
for his copie &c. a booke intituled A newe booke 
of neioe conceits. 

[Probably some early jest book, but not now known, 
at least under that title.] 

xii Marcij. — Thomas Millington. Entred for 
his copie &c. a booke intituled The firste parte of 
the Contention of the twoo famous houses of York 
and Lancaster, with the deathe of the good Duke 
Humfrey, and the banishment and deathe of the 
Duke of Svff. and the tragicall ende of the prowd 
Cardinall of Winchester, with the notable rebellion 
of Jack Cade, and the Duke of Yorke" s first clayme 
unto the Crowne vj d . 

[The Clerk copied nearly the whole title of the old 
edition of this drama, which was " Printed by Thomas 
Creede for Thomas Millington " in 1594. The only ex- 
emplar known is in the Bodleian Library, where its 
value is well understood, as a play to which Shakespeare 
wrote additions, and which appears in the folio 1623 of 
his works under the title of The Second Part of Henry 
the Sixth. In 1843 the Shakespeare Society reprinted 
the piece precisely as it stands in the unique 4to copy 
at Oxford.] 

xv jmo Marcij. — John Danter. Entred for his 
copie, &c. a booke entituled The number of Novel- 
lies vj d . 

xxj° Marcij. — Richard Jones. Entred for his 
copie, &c. a booke in[ti]tuled The most delectable 
and famous historie of the black Knight • • vj d . 

[A romance of Chivalry, which, if it exist, we have 
never seen.] 

xxij° Marcij. — Abell Jeffes. Entred for his 
copie, &c. a ballad entituled A moste sweete songe 



Merchant 



dg 



man in 



head; and how in thende a mayden saved his lyfe, 
by T. Daloney vj d . 

[The Clerk, not being a very good geographer, could 
not read the name of the place in the MS. laid before 
him, and wrote Guidine for Embden. This is the ballad 
upon which a pla} r called The Marchant of Eamden was 
founded, which was first acted at Henslowe's Theatre on 
30th July, 1594, about four months after the date of the 
above entry. The ballad itself is inserted in Evans's 
Collection, *i. 28, of the last edition. Malone mis-read 
Eamden, in Henslowe's Diary, Candew, and speculated, 
erroneously of course, that the scene of the play was laid 
in the island of Candia.l 

xxiii die Aprilis [1594]. — Thomas Gosson. 
Entred for his copie, &c. a booke intituled The 
praise of a good name and the reproache of an ill 
name . vj d . 



xxvj die Aprilis. — John Danter. Entred for 
his copie a ballad intituled A doleful adewe to the 



22 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3** S. II. July 12, '62. 



44 



last Erie of Darby: to the tune of Bonny sweete 
Robin vj d . 

[The tune " Bonny sweet Robin M immediately brings 
to memory the snatch of a ballad introduced by Shake- 
speare into his Hamlet, and sung by Ophelia, "For bonny 
sweet Robin is all my joy;" the "doleful adieu" to 
the Earl of Derby was "to that tune. This Earl of Derby 
was Ferdinando, who had died at Latham, according to 
Stow (p. 1275, edit 1605) on April 16. The old Chronicler 
gives a long account of the < ircumstances attending the 
somewhat sudden demise of the Earl, who by many at 
that day was supposed to have died of witchcraft or 
poison — perhaps both — an image of wax, with some of 
the Earl's hair, having been found in his chamber.] 

Primo die Maij. — Mr. Feilde. Entred for his 
copie, &c. a booke intituled The holye historye of 
our lorde and saviour Jesus Christes nativitie, 
lyfe, actes, miracle, doctrine, deathe, passion, Re- 
surrection and asscention, gathered into Englishe 
meeter by Robert Holland Mr of Aries . . vj d . 

[This rare work was printed by Richard Field, and 
came out in 1594; but the Clerk omitted from the entry 
the most curious part of the title, which we subjoin : 

published to withdraw vaine wits from all vnsaverie 
and wicked rimes and fables, to some love and liking of 
spiritual I songs and Holy Scriptures." We never saw or 
heard of more than one copy of it] 

Secundo die Maij. — Peter Shorte. Entred unto 
him for his copie, under Mr. Warden Cawoode's 
hande, a booke intituled A plesant Conceyted his- 
toric called the Taminge of a Shrowe . . . vj 

[Not Shakespeare's comedy, but the old drama of 
which he made considerable use, particularly as regards 
the conduct of the story. Tho only known copy of the 
date of 1594 is in the Library of the Duke of Devonshire, 
who most liberally allowed it to be exactlv reprinted by 
the Shakespeare Societv in 1844. The edition of 1596 
is in the Library of the fearl of Ellesmere ; and Steevens 
republished that of 1607.] 

9 Maij. — Mr. Harrison, sen. Entred for his 
copie, under thand of Mr. Cawood, warden, a 
booke intituled The Ravyshement of Lucrece vj d . 

[The word " ravishment," which, no doubt, the poem 
bore in the MS., was dropped in the printed copy, which 
was merely called Lucrece when it came from Field's press, 
" for John Harrison, and are to be sold at the signe of 
the white Greyhound, in Paules Church-yard " in 1594. 
The impression of 1598 was from the types of P[eter] 
S[hort] for the same publisher.] 

xiiij° Maij. — Thomas Creede. Entred for his 
copie, under thand of Mr. Cawood, warden, a 
booke intituled The famous Victories of Henrie 
the Fyft, conteyning the honorable battell of Agin 



M 



court 



V 



; i 



[This registration docs not apply to Shakespeare's 
Henry the Fifth, but to the older play (in which Tarlton 
performed, and which was therefore in being before 1588, 
when he died) and which was extremely popular. The 
only known edition has no date, but it is ascertained 
from Henslowe's MSS. that a play called " Henry V." 
was acted at the Newington Theatre on 28 Nov. 1585 : 
this was, doubtless, the play entered above.] 

Thorns Creede. Entred unto him, by the like 
warrant, a booke intituled The Scottishe story of 



if Fay 



he, slayne at Flodden, intermixed 
Comedie presented by Oborom, 



I 



[We know of no copy of this drama by Robert Greene 
earlier than the 4to of 1598, where it bears very nearly 
the title above given: it was probably first printed in 
1594 in consequence of the preceding registration, but 
the editor of Greene's Works was not aware of it. He 
tells us that the text is in some places "corrupted beyond 
the power of emendation." Does he mean that plulantia 
(p. 115) is a corrupted Greek word that he was unable 
to amend to philautia, a very well-known and often em- 
ployed term ? In Latin he seems to have been also at 
fault, when he appended a note to vermeum (p. 95), in 
which he speculates that it is a misprint for vermium. 
Did he never hear of tier, the spring, and could he not 
conjecture that the old printer had by mistake joined the 
two words ver and tneum f Surely these corruptions were 
not " beyond the power of emendation/'] 

xiii° Maij. — Thorns Creede. Entred for his 
copie, under thandes of M r Warden Cawood, a 
plea booke intituled The Pedlars Prophesie vj d . 

[A" plea booke" means here a play book; and the 
Pedlar's Propliesy, a species of interlude, was printed and 
published with the date of 1595. It was most likely by 
R. Wilson, the famous comedian, who also wrote The 
Cobbler s Prophesy, printed in 1594.] 

xiiij to Maij. — Edward White. Entred for his 
copie &c. a booke intituled The Historye of Fryer 
Bacon and Fryer Boungaye vj d . 

[The well known play by Robert Greene, published in 
1594. It was several times reprinted in consequence of 
its popularity, and may be found in the last edit, of D. 
O. P. and in Greene's Works.] 

Edward White. Entred alsoe for his copie, 
under thandes of bothe the Wardens, a booke 
entituled The moste famous Chronicle historye of 
Leire, Kinge of England, and his Three daughters 

vj d . 

[The old " King Leir," which preceded Shakespeare's 
tragedy on the same incidents ; but of which the oldest 
extant edition has no date: it certainly was reprinted 
about 1608, in consequence of the success of Shakespeare's 
work, but what was the date of the earliest impression, 
we are unable to state, excepting on the authority of the 
above entry.] 

Edward White. Entred likewise for his copie, 
under the handes of bothe the wardens, a booke 
entituled The famous historye of John of Gaunte, 
sonne to Kinge Edward the Third, with his Con* 
quest of Spaine, and marriage of his Twoo daugh- 
ters to the Kingcs of Castile and Portugale, 6fC. 

vj d . 

[We are not aware of the existence of any such his- 
torical romance ; and we may suspect that it was a play, 
although called " a book," because we see, in the pre- 
ceding entry, that the old tragedy of" King Leir " has the 
same designation.] 

Edward White. Entred for his copie, under 
thandes of both the wardens, a booke called The 
booke of David and Bethsaba vj d . 

[G. Peele's well-known play. Nobody that we are 
aware has observed upon the fact that this must have 












3rd s. II. July 12, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



23 



been the second play on the story of David ; for on p. G7 
the Chorus promises *' a third discourse " on the same 
theme, which implies that another " discourse " had pre- 
ceded it: we are further told that the "most renowned 
death " of David would form the subject of the third 
drama.] 

Edward White. Entred for his copie a booke 
entituled A pastorall plesant Comedie of Robin 
Hood and little John, &c, by aucthorytie from 
the wardens .... * vj d . 

[This entry is probably of too early a date for it to 
refer to either of Munday and Chettle's dramas, The 
Downfall and the Death of Robin Hood, which were both 
brought out at Henslowe's Theatre in the spring of 
1598-9. It is very possible that in 1594 White con- 
templated, or published, a reprint of the old play of 

Robyn Hood, very proper to be played in May -games, 

originally printed by Copland, n. d. and certainly re- 
printed by White at a late period in the course of his 
trade : the description " a pastorall pleasant comedy " 
supports this notion. In the rive preceding registrations 
the name of Adam Islip was originally inserted by the 
Clerk, but he subsequently altered it to Edward White: 
perhaps White purchased Islip's interest after the date 
when the entries were made.] 

J. Payne Collier. 



WILLIAM STRODE.* 

Was William Strode, the member of the earlier 
parliaments of Charles I., and who was imprisoned 
in 1628, the same person whom the King intended 
to have arrested in 1641 ? 

In the historical essays on The Grand Remon- 
strance, and on The Arrest of the Five Members, 
by Mr. Forster, extracts from Clarendon, D'Ewes, 
and others, are brought forward, and a conclusion 
drawn, that William Strode, who was a member 
of the earlier parliaments of Charles I., and who 
suffered a long imprisonment on the dissolution of 
the third parliament of that monarch, was not the 
same William Strode who was a member of the 
Long Parliament, and whom the king intended to 
have arrested on the 4th of December, 1641. 

In the Athence Oxonienses, in the several editions 
of the parliamentary histories, and, indeed, in all 
the other publications (except Mr. Forster' s Es- 
says), in which William Strode of the Long Par- 
liament is made a subject of history, he is treated 
as one and the same person with the William 
Strode who was imprisoned in 1628, as before 
mentioned. 

In support of these authorities, and against the 
inference drawn by Mr. Forster, I call attention 
to the following extracts from the sermon preached 
at the funeral of Mr. Strode, especially to those 
portions which are printed in italics : 

" His parts were commendable, his judgment good, his 
expressions rationall and quick, his experience long in the 
course of parliamentary affairs," p. 21. 

" His tedious and heavy sufferings : Witnesse his long 

* See "N. & Q." 2 n * S. xii. 369, 441, 4G2, for notices of 
the two members named William Strode. 



imprisonment, and that in the prime of his time, when the 
strength and delights of youth might have made him do 
much for freedome. In those most dangerous forlorne 
times, like another Curtius, he cast himself in hiatum, 
into the gulfe, the jaws of extreme perill, for his countries 
good : witnesse also the accusation of late cast upon him of 
the highest crime. 'Twas his singular serviceablenesse 
that caused him to be one of the first marked and destined 
to destruction," p. 21. 

Of his death the preacher says, 

" His disease, an epidemicall feaver, which after some 
colluctations seized on his principals and spirits before 
impaired and much exhausted both by sufferings and 
services 'T was not the plague." 

Of his temper he says, 

" He was of a constitution something hot." 

Extracted from 

" The Life and Death of David, a Sermon preached at 
the Funeralls of that worthy Member of the Honourable 
House of Commons, William Strode, Esq re , in the Abbey 
Church in Westminster, by Gasper Hickes, a Member of 
the Assembly of Divines." London, 1645. 

There is a copy of the Sermon in the Bodleian 
Library. 

Stourbridge. 



HOWLAND PltlCE. 



F^EROE: FAIRFIELD. 

In a book, entitled The Northmen in Cumberland 
and Westmorland, by Robert Ferguson, Carlisle, 
1856, I find these words : 

u The principal term for a mountain, and also that 
most characteristic of the Scandinavian district, is Fell. 
This retains the Old Norse form of fell, or fall ; which in 
the present dialect of Norway has, in accordance with a 
prevailing tendency, been corrupted into Fjeld. The 
only case in which a similar change can be supposed to 
have taken place in our district, is that of Fairfield, the 
next neighbour to Helvellyn, which has been derived 
from the Scandinavian faar, * sheep': Fairfield signi- 
fying ' the sheep mountain,' in allusion to the peculiar 
fertility of its pastures. 'Fairfield has large, smooth, 
pastoral savannahs, to which the sheep resort when all 
its rocky or barren neighbours are left desolate.' — De 
Quincey. I do not know who is the author of this ety- 
mology, which has been quoted by several writers, but 
it appears to me to be open to considerable doubt : first, 
because we do not find any other instance of a similar 
change into fjeld or field, or of any tendency towards it ; 
and secondly, because the summit of this mountain is 
such a peculiarly green and level plain, that it might 
not inappropriately be called a ' fair field.' " 

Thus far Mr. Ferguson. After reading Mr. 
Ferguson's remarks, I opened the book called 
Dansk Ordbog af C. Molbech, anden Udgave, 
Kjobenhavn, 1859, and I found these words : 

"Faar, et. pi. d. s. [Ordet findes allene i Dansk og 
Svensk.l 1. Et almindeligt Huusdyr. Ovis aries." 

Which I English thus : 

" Faar, et. plural, the same. [The word is found only 
in Danish and Swedish.] 1. A common domestic animal. 
Ovis aries." 

The readers of " N. & Q." must bear in mind 
that Mr. Ferguson, in the book I have just spoken 



24 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3*<* S. IL July 12, '62. 



o£ tries to show that in olden times many Norse* 
men came and took up their abode in Westmor- 
land and Cumberland ; but that few (or perhaps 
no) Danes came from Denmark and took up their 
abode in Westmorland and Cumberland. Most 
likely Mr. Ferguson looked into Christian Mol- 
bech*s Ordbog, before he printed his book. In 
such case, Mr. Ferguson would feel that Mol- 
bech's remark clashed with his anti-Danish theory. 
After reading Mr. Ferguson's book, I happened 
to read The Oxonian in Iceland; or, Notes of 
Travel in that Island in the Summer of 1860, by 
the Rev. Frederick Metcalfe, M.A., London, 1861; 
and on p. 35, of that work, I found these words : 

* Yonder to our right, Vaago is dimly visible ; a name 
also to be found in the Luffodens, from which islands, 
judging from the similarity of local names, the original 
population of the Faeroes are conjectured to have come in 
Harold Harfager's days." 

Now it struck me as very unlikely that Norse- 
men settling in the Faroes should give a name 
to these islands which was not Norse, but Danish. 
So I wrote to my kind friend George Stephens, 
the learned Professor of English and Old English 
in the University of Cheapinghaven (or Koben- 
havn) and asked him what was the meaning of 
Fasr in the word u Fseroe " ? Prof. Stephens writes 
as follows : — 

" There is no doubt that the Faroes mean the sheep- 
Hands, sheep* oes. When first occupied by the Northmen, 
in the 9th century, they swarmed with * sheep and wild 
fowl'; the former certainly the progeny of the sheep 
formerly taken over by the Tapes,' Irish monks and 
hermits. But Far (now Far) must have once been com- 
mon in Scandinavia, It is found in the Old-Norse Gula- 
things-Iaw (chap, ccxxiii.), but in connection with the 
other word saufir, as if it might otherwise be misunder- 
stood, the word being now so old and rare: 'Giallda 

far-satf&i, oc eigi geitr,' — one-shall pay -in- fine firer-sauds 
(far-sheep) and not goats : goats shall not be legal ten- 
der as fine-payment fin bdt). Two or three hundred 
years ago, our word sheep was nearly driven out in the 
book-dialect by muttons; and a man might then have 
said, not to be misunderstood, sheep- muttons. In fact, the 
word Jar became so extinct in Norway, that it does not 
now exist even as a dialect word, saud being the usual 
term there as in Iceland. In the latter island there is 
still a trace of the old word left in the compound fort- 
ius, sheep-louse. In Sweden and Denmark the common 
word is now (fir) far, faar, soa\ being very rare. But 
all over the North there are various other local and pro- 
vincial words for sheep, ewe, &c." 

Thus far Professor Stephens. The readers of 
" N & Q." will now see that, inasmuch as Norse- 
West 




land and Cumberland, there is nothing to 
shown against the remark that the first part of 
the name Fairfield means sheep. But now with 
regard to the second part of the name. Let us 
turn to p. 421 of Black's Picturesque Tourist of 
Scotland, 15th edition, Edinburgh, mdccclxi, and 
we shall find these words : — 

u In the immediate vicinity ("of the town of Moffat 1 is 



the Hartfell group of mountains, the highest in the south 
of Scotland." 

A little lower down on the same page, are these 
words : — 

" Hartfell, or HartfUld, as it is often written in old 
works, in former times gave a title (now extinct) to the 
Annandale family. " 

If Hartfell was " often written Hartfield," it is 
just as likely that Jield, in Fairfield, is only another 

form of fell. I think I have now made it as plain 
as need be, that Forr'Oe means sheep-ilands ; and 
that Fairfield means sheep-fell, or sheep-mountain. 

Edwin AbmisTead. 

Leeds. 



" THE TIMES " AND ASSAM. 






A singular mistake is to be found in TJie Times 
of June 12. The third leading article in that 
number is chiefly based either upon erroneous 
data, or, if the data are correct, as I believe them 
to be, upon an erroneous calculation made from 
them. The data, which appear both in the leading 
article itself and in the correspondent's letter 
which gave rise to the article,* are that the district 
of Assam in India contains " 43,000 square miles 
of valleys and glens resembling those of Scot- 
land," and is inhabited by " a population of some 
2,000,000 souls." In these numbers there can be 
no great mistake, as in Fullarton's Gazetteer I 
find the area estimated at 18,200 sq. m., or, if the 
higher lands on both sides be included, at 70,000 
sq. m., whilst the population assigned to the 
18,200 sq. m. in 1835 is 602,500.^ Now the cal- 
culation based upon these data is that " in this 
region there is (sic) upon an average only two f 
human beings to every 43 square miles — and we 
have allowed ourselves to believe that India is 
overpeopled ! M But, if 2,000,000 be divided by 
43,000, it will be found that upon an average 
there are about forty-six and a half (46'51) 
inhabitants to every square mile, or, as nearly as 
possible, two thousand inhabitants to every 43 
square miles. The fact is, the writer of the article 
used in his calculation either 2,000 for 2,000,000, 
or 43,000,000 for 43,000, or, perhaps, he intended 
to write two thousand, and wrote only two. That 
there is no misprint is evident, because the writer 
argues as if there were really only 2 inhab. to 
every 43 sq. m. But let us see whether an agri- 
cultural 'country containing on an average 2,000 
inhabitants to every 43 sq. m. can be said to be 
thinly populated. Scotland (the country which 
the writer of the art. compares to Assam) contains 
(according to Fullarton), 29,871 sq. m. with a 
population in 1851 of 2,870,784, or about 96106 
inhabitants to every sq. m.=about 4,132 to every 









* This letter is in the same paper. 

f The small caps, and^the ital. are my own 






3'd S. II. July 12, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUEKIES. 



25 



43 sq. m. The proportion of area to population 
in Scotland is therefore about double what it is 
in the valley of Assam. But we must remember 
that in Scotland there are two large cities and 
many large towns, and if we deduct the popula- 
tion of these, or make allowance for them, we 
shall find that the difference between Scotland 
and Assam is not very great. Fullarton gives 
the town-population of Scotland as 1,497,079, and 
the country-population as 1,391,663,* the latter 
cf which numbers would only yield 46589 inhab. 
to every sq. m., or 2,003 to every 43 sq. m.,f 
almost exactly the same proportion as in Assam. 
Again, if we take the county of Sutherland where 
the town pop. is only 599, whilst the country pop. 
is 25,194 and the area 1865-53 sq. m., exclusive 
of water, we find in the country only 13*505 inhab. 
to every sq. m M or 580*715 to every 43 sq. m., little 
more than a quarter of the proportion in Assam. 
Assam is, indeed, we are told, "infinitely more 
fertile " than Scotland, and therefore it certainly 
ought to be much more densely populated than 
the country portion of Scotland. Still I think I 
have shown that the writer in The Times has 
made a gross error in calculation, and that he 
has thence drawn very false conclusions with re- 
gard to the scantiness of population in India 
generally. 

No notice has, that I am aware of, been taken 
of this error, either in The Times or elsewhere. 

F. Chance. 



Mirwx $atti. 



Recovery from apparent Death. — My 
authority for the following anecdote, is a lady who 
heard it related some years ago by the gentleman 
initialed "R." in my text. The late Baron Piatt, 
when a young man, had a severe illness, of which 
he apparently died. Two or three days after the 
fatal event, some gentlemen, friends of the de- 
ceased, went together to the house where the 
body was laid out, and obtained permission to 
take a farewell look of their old associate. While 
standing beside the corpse, one of them said : 
" Ah ! we shall never again drink a glass of wine 
with poor Piatt ;" when poor Piatt immediately 
exclaimed — " But you will, and a good many too, 
I hope." All fled in terror from the room except 
Mr. R., and he remained untilhis friend's resus- 
citation was assured. L. W. 



* These two totals added together give 2,888,742, or 
nearly 18,000 more than the 2,870,784 quoted above as 
the population of the whole country in 1851. 

t I have here been obliged to divide, as before, by 
29,871 (sq. m.), though the proper divisor would be 
29,871 less the total number of sq. m. occupied by the 
towns, but this number is not given by Fullarton. More 
than sufficient allowance will, however, certainly be made 
for it, if, for 46-589 we read 50 inhab. to every sq. m., or, 
2,150 to every 43 sq. m. 



Lady Hyndford. — Reading the name of 
" Hyndford " in your publication, I am reminded 
of a circumstance, often told to me between thirty 
and forty years ago, that used to surprise me 
much as a child, and a little surprises me now. 

My grandmother used often to describe her 
acquaintance, the last Countess of Hyndford, who 
resided near Edinburgh, as being distinguished 
by a fine flowing beard down to her breast. 

Beards on male chins are more common now a 
good deal than they were in Lady HyndforcTs 
day; but it is a comfort to think that her lady- 
ship failed to make it the fashion to wear them on 
female chins. E. S. S. W. 

City. — The question has been mooted whether 
a bishop's see confers the title of city on a town. 
In all the Letters Patent of Henry VIII. for the 
creation of Bristol, Chester, Gloucester, Peter- 
borough, Oxford, &c, the clause occurs : 

" Quod tota villa nostra . . . exnunc et deinceps im- 

perpetuum sit civitas, ipsamque Civitatem vocari 

appellari et nominari decernimus. ,, 

Mackenzie E. C. Walcott, M.A., F.S.A. 



A Word wanted. — I observe in the reports 
of the proceedings of the Social Science Asso- 
ciation that the members have been talking of 
the language of the dumb, — an evident solecism ! 
Will no neologist come to the relief? We wrote 
and spoke through long years of gas chandeliers, 
until somebody (unknown to fame) came out 
with gaseliers. Honour to him therefor. 

Portici. 

Jewelry. — An ill-looking word is making its 
entry into our orthography, against which I hope 
you will allow me to protest. I allude to jewelry 
instead of jewellery. We say millinery from mil' 
liner, haberdashery from haberdasher. Why not 
jewellery from jeweller? G. L. 

A Bird, the Prelude op Death. — Howell, 
in his Familiar Epistles observes, July 3, 1632 : 

" I can tell you of a strange thing I saw lately here 
and I believe 'tis true. As I pass'd by St. Dunstan's in 
Fleet Street the last Saturda}*, I stepp'd into a lapidary 
or stone-cutter's shop to treat with the master for a stone 
to be put upon my father's tomb: and casting my eyes 
up and down, I might spie a huge marble with a large 
inscription upon't, which was thus, to my best remem- 
brance : — 

" ' Here lies John Oxenham, a goodly young man, in 
whose chamber, as he was struggling with the pangs of 
death, a bird with a white breast was seen fluttering 
about his bed and so vanish'd. 

" 'Here lies also Mary Oxenham, the sister of the said 
John, who died the next day, and the same apparition 
was seen in the room. 

Here lies hard by, James Oxenham, the son of the 
said John, who dyed a child in his cradle a little after, 
and such a bird was seen fluttering about his head a little 
before he expir'd, which vanish'd afterwards.' 

" At the bottom of the stone there is : — 

" ' Here lies Elizabeth Oxenham, the mother of the 
said John, who died sixteen years since, when such a 



« t 



26 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3 rd S. II. July 12, '62 



9 99 



bird with a white brest was seen about her bed before 
her death.' 

u To all these ther be divers witnesses, both squires 
and ladies, whose names are engraven upon the stone. 

In the Memoirs of Lady Fanshawe, a similar 
example occurs ; and Mr. Kingsley, in Westward 
Ho! very effectively introduces the white bird 
•which preceded the death of one of Captain 
Drake's companions. 

Mr. Fitz-Patrick, in his recently published 
Life, Times, aixd Correspondence of Bishop Doyle, 
vol. ii. p. 496, remarks, while describing the death 
of Dr. Doyle : 

" Considering that the season was midsummer and not 
winter, the visit of two robin-red -breasts to the sick-room 
may be noticed as interesting. They remained flut- 
tering round, and sometimes perching on the uncurtained 
bed. The Priests, struck by the novelty of the circum- 
stance, made no effort to expel the little visitors ; and 
the robins hung lovingly over the Bishop's head, until 
death released him." 

Are there any other instances in which the 
appearance of a bird would seem to have augured 
approaching death ? C. 



fauttiti. 



DUDDYNGTOX, THE ORGAN MAKEK. 

ORGANS AND ORGAN BUILDERS. 

"This endenture made the yere of oure lorde god 
m 1 v c xix, and in the moneth of Julv xxix. dav. Wit- 
nesseth that Antony Duddyngton, Citezen of London, 
Organ Maker, hath made a full bargayn condycionally, 
with Maister Wiil m Patenson, Doctour in Divinite, Vicar 
of Alhalowe Barkyng, Rob 1 Whytehed and John Churche 
Wardeyns of the same Churche, and Maisters of the 
Pisshe of Alhalowe, Barkyng, next the Tower of London, 
to make an Instrument, that y* to say, a payer of organs 
for the foresed churche, of dowble Cefaut ( ?) that y* to say, 
xxvij. playne kayes, and the pryncipale to conteyn the 
length of v foote, so folowing w* Bassys called Diapason 
to the same, conteynyng length of x foot or more ; And to 
be dowble pryncipalls thoroweout the seid Instrument, so 
that the pyppes wMnforth shall be as fyne metall and 
stuff as the utter parts, that is U say, of pure Tyn, w* 
as fewe stoppes as may be covenient. And the seid An- 
tony to have ernest vj u xiij" iiij d . Also the foreseid 
Antony askyth v quarters of respytt, that y f to say, from 
the fest of Seynt Mighell the Archaungell next folowing 
to the fest of Seynt Mighell, the day twelmoneth folow- 
ing. And also undernethe this condicion, that the fore- 
said Antony shall convey the belowes in the loft abowf in 
the seid Quere of Alhalows, w* a pype to the song bourde. 
Also this pmy8ed by the seid Antony, that yf the fore- 
seid Maister Doctour, Vicare, Churche Wardeyns, maisters 
of the pisshe, be not content nor lyke not the seid Instru- 
ment, that than they shall allowe him for convaying of 
the belows xl« for his cost of them, and to restore the 
rest of the Truest ( ?) agayn to the seid Maisters. And yf 
the seid Antony decease and depart his naturall lyf 
w l in the foreeid v quarters, that then his wyff or hys exe- 
cutours or his Assignes shall fully content the foreseid 
some of iiijn xiij« iiijd t0 tne 8e iJj yicare and churche 
wardeyns and maisters of the pisshe w*out any delay. 
And yf they be content w» the seid Instrument, to pay to 
the seid Antony fyfty poundes sterlings. In Witnesse 
wherof the seid pties to these endentures chaungeably 



have set their sealls. 
seid." 



Yeven the day and yere above- 



This contract appears to have been performed, 
as evidenced by the following receipt annexed : 

"M d . Y' I Anthony Duddyngtonne have Rec d of 
Harry Goderyk, Cherche Wardeyn of Barkyng the som 
of xxx 11 st.,"in pt of paym* of 1" at, the wiche I shold 
have for a payr of orgens. In Wytnesse heyrof, I the 
forsayd Antony have subscrybed my name the xxij day 
of Mche, Ao xv c xx. 

" Be me, Antony Duddyngton." 

These interesting documents are extant among 
the records of the parish of Allhallows Barking. 
I should be glad to learn whatever may be known 
of this early organ builder or his works. 

Geo. R. Corner. 



John Abraham. — Can any of the readers of 
" N. & Q." give any information as to the where- 
abouts of the descendants of a John Abraham, of 
High Holborn, whose death is noticed in the 
Gentleman's Magazine for the year 1800? Perhaps 
the following particulars relative to his family may 
be a clue : He had four daughters and one son, 
Henry, who went to India. Of the daughters the 
first, Hannah, living in 1812, at 3, Roxburghe 



Place, Edinburgh, married 



RatcliflTe : she 



died about 1820, and that branch of his family is 
now extinct, excepting two daughters, if they still 
survive, of which I am uncertain ; the elder of the 
two has been twice married, but has no children. 

2. Annie, married Jas. Stavely, a barrister, of a 
Lancashire family. He obtained a situation in the 
East India Company's Service, and removed there. 

3. Sarah, married in India a Col. Bowler : they 
afterwards came to England. 

4. Elizabeth, married Dr. Clarke, after the 
death of her husband she resided at Exeter ; they 
left one daughter, who is supposed to be married. 

Durham. 

Anonymous. — Who is the author of Oliver 
Cromwell, a poem (Oliver & Boyd), Edinburgh, 
1829, printed at Greenock ? Also, of Mardocheus t 
a dramatic poem from the Book of Esther, Bou- 
logne, 1846, 12mo? Zeta. 

Arms on separate Shields. — A friend of 
mine, a scholar and an antiquary, who represents 
two families, instead of quartering the arms after 
the ordinary manner, bears them separately, each 
in its own shield, side by side, on his seal. I be- 
lieve there is old authority for this manner of 
bearing the arms ; it has been said, however, to be 
incorrect by many whose judgment en such mat- 
ters is worthy of credit. AVhat is the truth ? 

Grime. 

The Rev. Legard Blacker. — This clergyman 
was the second son of Major George Blacker of 
Carrick, in the county of Armagh. He entered 
Trinity College, Dubiin, May 3rd, 1668, when; 















3'd S. II. July 12, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



27 



eighteen years of age (Entrance Books) ; and was 
elected a Scholar in the year 1670 (Dublin Uni- 
versity Calendar, 1862, p. 277). As stated in 
Archdeacon Cotton's Fasti Ecclesice Hibemicce, 
vol. Hi. p. 303, he was collated to the prebend of 
Dromaragh, in the diocese of Dromore, October 
18, 1681 : he was rector of the parish of Shank- 
hill, in the same diocese, in 1684, and presented a 
baptismal font, which is extant, to his parish 
church. Dying without issue (?) August 29, 1686, 
he was interred at Shankhill. 

Whom did he marry ? and in what year was he 
appointed to Shankhill ? Any particulars of him, 
besides what are here given, will be acceptable, 
being required for a genealogical purpose. 

Abhba. 

Counsel and Causes. — I have lately read (I 
think it is Lord Campbell, in his Life of Tenter- 
den) a passage which runs somewhat thus : " A 
counsel ought not to refuse a brief, even if he 
thinks the cause is wrong, for there are some 
notable instances on record where, from the mis- 
representations of the parties themselves, their 
counsel have been led to think they were wrong, 
but which upon close examination proved their 
claim to be both true and just." Can you refer 
me to any of these notable cases ? Solsbergius. 

S. Dunstan. — Is Dunstan, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, a canonized saint or a beato f If the 
former, when was he canonized ? if the latter, is 
it not strange to find his altar in churches ? What 
are the attributes or symbols assigned to him in 
mediaeval art ? T. North. 



Leicester. 

The Drensteignton Cromlech. — On visiting 
ihis interesting relic of antiquity a short time ago, 
I discovered that the handywork of the three 
stalwart spinsters had been destroyed, and that 
the large granite slab formerly laid across three 
supporting pillars, has been thrown down ; how I 
am not aware, though there are several reports on 
the subject, and it is generally supposed that there 
has been some foul play. It is greatly to be re- 
gretted that measures are not taken for the pre- 
servation of these valuable remains. On whose 
property is it situate ? Can you tell me whether 
there is any probability of its being restored ? 

J. B. R. 

Flemish. 
book? 
book ? 



— Is there any Flemish-English word- 
And is there any English- Flemish word- 

E. A. 



HOLLANDISH. 

"best Hollandish 
word-book ? 



What is the last published and 
English and English-Hollandish 

E. A. 



Japanese Marriage Custom. — In Crequiana, 
Paris, an. viii., is a note on the customs of the Ja- 
panese, which states, on the authority of Krempfer 



and Bononi, that the Japanese women shave their 
heads on marrying, and that the same practice 
prevailed in the Levant from the remotest an- 
tiquity 
cited : 



As proof of this the following lines are 



" Guindi il letto bacib, bacib gli stipiti 
D'ambo le parti ; vi palpo le mura; 
E lunga di capei treccia divelta, 
Colle sue man, nel talamo alia mad re, 
Di sua verginita lasciolla in segno. 
Con mesta alfin voce piagnendo disse 
I' me ne vado, di me invece questi 
Lunghi capelli a te, madre lasciando, 
Ma tu sebbene ita i di qua lontano 
Sana rimanti." — PirenesL 

I know Kaempfer but not Bononi or Pirenesi. I 
shall be glad of a reference especially to the latter. 

E. N. H. 

Jacob of Archamgere. — Banks, in the Sup- 
plement to his Dormant and Extinct Baronage 
(p. 7), quotes the following in evidence that Wil- 
liam the Conqueror did not in all cases dispossess 
the Saxons in their holdings : — 

" Rex Baronibus. — Mandamus vobis quod occasione 
arrentationis Serjantiarum, assessae per Robertum Pas- 
selewe, non distringas Jacobum de Archamgere per 2 
marc, et dimid. de tenemento quod de nobis tenet per 
Serjantiam in Archamgere (in com. South am p.) per 
chartam beati regis Edwardi antecessoribus ipsius Jacobi 
super hoc confectam, sed ipsum Jacobum de predictis 
2 marcis et dimid. quietum esse faciatis in perpetuum, 
quid chartam praefati beati Edwardi confirmavimus, et 
ipsam volumus inviolabiliter observari. 

" Breve est in ferulo Mareschalli, et mandatum est 
vicecomiti Southamp. comparat. die Jovis die 15 Jan. 

A.D.," &C. &C. 

I am desirous of knowing if this Archamgere 

And 



if so, 
do not 



can be identified at the present day. 
where it is, and how it is now known. I 
know how I can derive the information in this 
country, or what source I can apply to anywhere, 
with more chance of success, than to "N. & Q." 

I take the liberty of sending my own transla- 
tion of the passage, lest I may have rendered it 
unintelligible by my handwriting : 

" The King to the Barons : — We command you, when 
collecting the dues of Serjeantry assessed by Rob. Passe- 
lewe, not to distrain Jacob of Archamgere by 2 marcs 
and a half, for the holding which he has of us by 
tenure in Archamgere (in the county of Southampton) ; 
which moreover is secured to the ancestors of this same 
Jacob by charter of blessed King Edward; but to set 
him at rest for ever as regards the aforesaid 2 marcs and 
half, in as much as we have confirmed the charter of the 
aforesaid Edward of blessed memory, and wish it to be 
kept inviolate. 

" N.B. The brief is in the archives of the Marshall, and 
intrusted to the Viscount of Southampton, drawn up 
Thursday the 15th Jan., a.d." &c. 

What were the limits of the county of South- 
ampton, and did it embrace the Isle of Wight ? 
And what were these dues of Serjeantry ? 



28 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



O d S. II. JrLY 12, $ 62. 



" Archamgere" would seem to have a significa- 
tion in itself, but I cannot make it out exactly. 

C. Hall. 

New York, June 17, 1862. 

Kent Arms.— In placing the Kent arms (Gules, 
a horse rampant, argent) on a public building, 
will there be any impropriety in surmounting the 
shield with an ancient crown, as indicative of the 
Saxon kingdom of Kent ? A Man of Kent. 

Number of known Languages in the Seven- 
teenth Century. — An old writer says, " It were 
more easy to learn the sixty-four languages than 
this." Does he mean that such was the number 
of languages then believed to exist ? I would be 
obliged by any of your philological readers indi- 
cating which are referred to, or where the enumer- 
ation of these may be found, and also by reference 
to any parallel passages. J* Br. 

Nephritic Stone. — I have in my possession a 
cup (holding about two quarts) made of this 
stone, mounted with silver, that probably has 
been in my family one hundred years. 

A cup made of it is said to have been sold for 
1,600 crowns in the time of the Emperor Rodolph 
II. (say in the year 1576). The stone, a species 
of jasper, was chiefly brought from New Spain 
(Mexico) ; and was very dear, by reason of the 
wonderful virtues ascribed to it. The name is 
probable from v€<pp6s, a kidney. 

Can any of your correspondents give me any 
information as to its value in the present day? 
Whether now brought from Mexico or elsewhere, 
and who stated it to have been sold as above ? 

J. Speed, D. 

Sewardstone. 

Pavtor, Pavter, Payor. — Can any of your 
correspondents give me any account of this family? 

There was (it is said) a Pavier, Town Clerk 

of London, temp. Hen. VIII., who is reported to 
have committed suicide out of vexation at the 
Reformation! ob. cir. 1564. There was a James 
Pavyor, of , co. Gloucester, admitted to copy- 
hold lands in Bushey, co. Hert. circa 1518, and 
another James Pavyor, who claimed as his son 
and heir circa 1566. In 1616 lands at Berkhamp- 
stead and Northchurcb, co. Hert. are described as 
formerly of the possessions of Jas. Pavyor. 

James Knowles. 

Statistics of Premature Interments. — A 
reference to such statistics will oblige. When 
was the plan of placing bodies in a reception 
room, with a bell at hand, discontinued at New 
York ? Is such a plan at present in practice at 
Frankfort or elsewhere P J. P. 

Public Library, Dublin. — Among the Or- 

mond State Papers, catalogued for sale in 1834, 

by Thorpe, I find the following entry under 
No. 662 : _ J 



u Oct. 24, 1705. A warrant was issued to admit, free of 
duty, sixty cases and fourteen hogsheads of Books, pur- 
chased in England by the Lord Primate, for the use of 
the Public Library in Dublin." 

Is anything known of this purchase, which was t 
I presume, intended for Marsh's Library ? 

Aiken Irvine. 

Fivemiletown. 

Alexis St. Martin. — Is this Canadian (the 
subject, by a gun-shot wound, of Dr. Beaumont's 
experiments in Digestion) still in England, and 
have any additional experiments been made ? 

J. P. 

Sinnot and Dillon Families. — The following 
genealogy is given in the earliest registry book of 
the co. Wexford monthly meeting of the Society 
of Friends or Quakers : — 

Sinnot had two sons, viz. Sir Pierce Sin- 
not, James Sinnot. 

James Sinnot had one daughter, viz. Eleanor. 

Eleanor Sinnot married Edmund Doran ; off. 
one daughter, Mary. 

Mary Doran married (2nd mo. 12th, 16o9) to 
Luke Dillon, son of Patrick and Anne Dillon of 
Athlone. 

Luke Dillon and his wife appear to have been 
the first of the series who became Quakers. They 
had a numerous family, and from them a great 
number of persons in and out of the Society of 
Friends in Ireland, can trace their descent through 
the female line. Family tradition says that Luke 
Dillon built a house (now standing, and occupied 
by some of his descendants) at Coolerdine, near 
Enniscorthy, on the site of an old castle of the 
Sinnots, most of whose property was confiscated 

It does not 



early in the seventeenth century, 
appear, however, that their castle 
name of Cooladine. 



ent by the 



Can you or any of your cor- 
respondents refer me to some list of forfeitures, or 
other authority, from which I might discover some- 
thing more respecting the Sinnots of the county 
of Wexford, and their antecedents ? R. W. 



Upsall. 



Can any of your readers inform me 
where I can obtain information about the Lords de 
Upsall ? Arms, arg. a cross sa. fretty or. (Burke's 
Heraldry.) There is a meagre account of one in 
Drake's Eboracum, and their arms are still to be 
seen in a stained glass window in South Kilving- 
ton church, Yorkshire. Ebobacum. 

Wilmer or Dudley. — In the Visitation of 
Staffordshire by George Harrison, Windsor Herald, 
in 1663, it is recorded that Martha, natural 
daughter of Edward Lord Dudley, and sister of 
the celebrated Dudd Dudley, author of the Me- 
tallum Martis, and one of the earliest Staffordshire 
ironmasters, married Thomas Wilmer of Dudley. 
I should feel much obliged to any correspondent 
of " N. & Q." who could refer me to a pedigree 
of this branch of the Wilmer family, or give me 










3'<* S. IL July 12, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



29 



any information respecting the descendants of this 
Thomas by Martha his wife, H. S. G. 



* 

Bible, 1682 : Italic References. — In an old 
12mo Bible, u printed by the assigns of J. Bell, 
T. Newcomb, and Hen. Hills, 1682," I find, in 
places in the text an italic letter here and there, 
occasionally often, which are not references (these 
being by asterisks, &c.) Thus in Genesis, chap, 
xxxiii. verse 3, " And he passed over b before 
them, and c bowed himself to the ground d seven 
times. 1 ' What is the meaning of these letters ? 

J. P. 

[The italic letters in question will be found on ex- 
amination to indicate, for the most part, renderings in 
which our Translators have felt it expedient to deviate 
in a greater or less degree from the renderings of the 
Vulgate. In a few instances, where this is not the case, 
the italic letter appears to indicate the rendering of one 
HebTew by two or three English words — a thing; not 
always avoidable, as Hebrew scholars are aware. In 
neither case are the italic letters employed with any re- 
gard to method or uniformity. Our impression is, that 
in this edition of the English Bible the italic letters 
were in the first instance inserted passim ; that after a 
part of the work was set up, it was wisely determined to 
take them out ; but that this was done carelessly, so that 
here and there they held their ground, as in part of Gen. 
xxxiii. So also in a few other passages, as in Gen. iii. 
24; xxv. 14; and xxvii. 35.] 



The Ballad of Sir James the Rose. 



Can 



you or any of your readers inform me whether 
the old Scottish ballad of Sir James the Rose, on 
which the more modern poem of Michael Bruce, 
bearing the same title is founded, be still extant ? 



If it is, where is it to be found ? 



CM. 



[In the ballad written by Bruce, although the 'story is 
dramatically constructed and skilfully worked out, there 
is little originality. Many ancient compositions record 
similar incidents, and Pinkerton and Motherwell have 
both preserved copies of a very early ballad, from which 
it is more than probable the ideas of Bruce were bor- 
rowed. Motherwell (Minstrelsy, Ancient and Modern* 
4to, 1827, p. 321) states, that "this old north country 
ballad, which appears to be founded on fact, is well 
known in almost every corner of Scotland. Pinkerton 
printed it in his Tragic Ballads, 1781 (vol. i. p. 61), 
* from,' as h« says, ' a modern edition in one sheet 12mo, 
after the old copy.' Notwithstanding this reference to 
authority, the ballad certainly received a few conjec- 
tural emendations from his own pen ; at least, the pre- 
sent version, which is given as it occurs in early stall 
prints, and as it is to be obtained from the recitations of 
elderly people, does not exactly correspond with his. 
Two modern ballads have sprung out of this old one, 
namely, Sir James the Rose, and Elfrida and Sir James 
Perth. The first by Michael Bruce: the latter is an 
anonymous production, printed in Evans's Collection, edit. 
1810, vol. iv. It might be curious (continues Mother- 
well) to ascertain which of these mournful ditties is 
the senior, were it for nothing else than perfectly to 
enjoy' the cool impudence with which the graceless 
youngster has appropriated to itself, without thanks or 



acknowledgment, all the best things which occur in the 
other." In some copies the ballad is entitled Sir James 
the Ross. Mr. Pinkerton informs us that "Rose is an 
ancient and honourable name in Scotland. Johannes de 
Rose is a witness to the famous Charter of Robert the 
Second, testifying his marriage with Elizabeth More, as 
appears in the rare edition of it printed at Paris in 
1695."] 

Jerusalem Chamber : Henry IV. Part II. 
Act IV. Scene 4. — 

" K. Hen. Doth any name particular belong 
Unto the lodging where I first did swoon? 

War. 'Tis called Jerusalem, my noble Lord. 

K. Hen. Laud be to Heaven ! — even there my life 
must end. 
It hath been prophesied to me man} r years, 
I should not die but in Jerusalem ; 
Which vainly I suppos'd the Holy Land : 
But, bear me to that chamber, there I'll lie; 
In that Jerusalem shall Harry die." 

Does the chamber derive its origin from the 
incident here recorded, the Earl of Warwick 
framing his answer so as to prepare the King for 
his approaching end ? or had the Jerusalem 
Chamber been previously so called ? if so, from 
what did it take its name ? Where may I find 
any mention of this ? F. Phillott. 

[For an interesting paper on the Jerusalem Chamber, 
by the Rev. Thomas Hugo, M.A., F.S.A., see the Gentle- 
man's Magazine for July, 1861, p. 1. There was probably 
a Jerusalem Chamber in Westminster Abbey erected by 
Henry III., for the "Continuator " of Historian Croylan- 
densis states, that " the King, relying upon a deceptive 
prophecy, proposed to set out for the Holy City of Jeru- 
salem ; but, falling into mortal sickness, died at West- 
minster, in a certain chamber called of old time Jerusalem, 
and so fulfilled the vain prediction." Mr. Hugo conjec- 
tures that the first Jerusalem Chamber was furnished 
with decorations from subjects in the Gospel narrative 
painted upon its walls, and hence obtained its character- 
istic title.] 

Butter, Butterfly, etc. — The etymology of 
these words is kindly asked for and required bv 

G. W, S. P. 

[_ Butter is generally derived from the Gr. PoOtvpov, which 
some think to be of Scythian origin, while others view it 
as compounded of fats, an ox or cow, and **e*f, cheese. In 
A.- S. we have buter, and in kindred languages boeter, hotter, 
boter, &c, all signifying butter. The butterfly is so called, 
as one etymologist thinks, " because of its buttery soft- 
ness;" or, as another suggests, because a particular sort is 
yellow, like butter. The German language offers some- 
thing that seems to come closer. The Germans have a 
large kind of butterfly, or rather moth, which infests the 
dairy, and has a marked partiality both for butter and 
milk. This with them, especially in Low Dutch, is pro- 
perly the butterfliege (butterfly). May not the name of 
the species have passed to the whole race? The same 
pest of the dairy is called in German buttervogel (butter- 
bird), molkendieb (whey-thief), and milchdieb (milk-thief). 
It has, however, been suggested that the butterfly is 
properly the fluttering- fly . Conf. in old English, hate, to 
flutter, as a hawk. 3 



Marabou Feathers, 
of Marabou feathers. What are they ? 



One often hears now 

X. 



[We have heard it gravely stated that Marabou 



30 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8'* S. II. Jcly 12, '62. 



feathers are the under feathers of the ostrich's wing, and 
that thev derive their name from their use, being worn 
by the Marabouts of Africa. We suspect, however, that 
this one of those cooked etymologies, the materials of 
which are chiefly due to fancy. The "plumes de mara- 
bou," according to Bescherelle, are the feathers of a bird 
called Marabou, which have long been prized by French 
ladies. ** Marabou. Oiseau de genre cigogne." The fea- 
thers are also imported into England. — " Marabou- stork. 
At least two species of large storks are so called ; the 
delicate white feathers beneath the wing and tail form 
the marabou-feathers imported to this country. One 
species is a native of West Africa (Leptoptilwt marabou) ; 
the other is common in India, where it is generally called 
the adjutant; it is the Leptoptilus argala." — Ogilvie, 

Supplement'} 

Quotation wanted. — By whom, when, and 
where were the words, 'Xiraoray t\ax**i ravrav Koo'ficij 
originally said ? I am acquainted with the passage 
in Cicero (Ep. ad Att. iv. 6 ; cf. * i. 20), where 
the expression is quoted ; but the only notes that 
I have give no information as to the origin of the 
saying. P. J. F. Gantillon. 

2, Pittville Parade, Cheltenham. 

[The expression is employed by Plutarch, who seems 
to use it as a proverb, De Animi Tranquillitate, ed Reiskii, 
vii. 847. Erasmus, though apparently on insufficient 
grounds, represents Plutarch as attributing the expression 
to Solon. Adagia, ed. 1643, p. 638.] 



XLtpliti. 

DR. JOHNSON ON PUNNING. 

(3 rd S. i. 171, 498.) 

I do not think that Clarry should insist on 
my being severely logical, whilst he indulges in a 
style so flighty and figurative. I delayed an- 
swering a question which, to me, seemed trivial 
and unimportant, and he charges me, in a meta- 

fhor greatly out of place, with " making no sign." 
quoted a saying attributed to Dr. Johnson, and 
he asks me jocosely if I have read that great man 
" in the original" — in Johnsonese, I presume, as 
contradistinguished from a less pompous style ! 
But, worst of all, he drags into the argument a 
paper which I read nearly twelve months ago, on 

a subject totally unconnected with that now before 
us. 

^ As he puts the question, however, I have no 
difficulty whatever in answering it. I did get the 
saying of Dr. Johnson on the authority of " some 
quotation." I wish he had done the same with 
regard to his assertion that I denied to the Pipe 
Rolls u any value as evidence ; n for which asser- 
tion he has drawn entirely on his imagination, as 
I never said any thing of the kind. A copy of 
my paper is now before me ; and as he has put 



Olivet's Commentary, in loc. 9 quoting from Manutius, 

refers to Suidas and Plutarch for the origin of the adage. 



11 



» 



me on my defence, I trust the Editor of" N. & Q. 
will indulge me by printing the remarks exactly 
as I made them : — 

" Topography is, critically and really, the Art of De- 
scribing Places, and their Associations : practically, it is 
too often that of transcribing, without note, comment, or 
application, wordy and uninteresting Documents, or Deeds 
and Rolls, illegible or untranslatable by the generality of 
readers. If, indeed, these documents be re-cast, almost 
everything, beyond mere names and dates, is kept in 
abeyance, and "little or no attempt is made to illustrate 
obsolete or local habits and customs. With abundance of 
suggestive incidents, which, if properly explained and 
illustrated, would command general interest, we are tan- 
talized with dry extracts from deeds, charters, close- 
rolls, pipe-rolls, and patent-rolls, and are merely told by 
what tenure somebody who was never before heard of, 
held of somebody long since forgotten, some scrap of a 
manor that has now no existence. 

u Yet there is scarcely an old record of the kind that 
does not contain at least one or two points of quaint 
primitive history, or refer to customs, which, cleverly 
dilated on, could hardly fail to make pleasant reading. 
But they are slurred over, as entirely beneath the notice 
of a writer pledged to legal dulness and conscientiously 
apprehensive of amusing; 

Surely even Clarry, after reading this extract, 
will be prepared to admit that so far from under- 
valuing rt the Pipe Rolls," I am only finding fault 
with those who, whilst so well qualified to bring 
out all their points of interest, content themselves 
by placing them, verbatim et literatim, before the 
reader, instead of making them the basis of a 
pleasant and readable essay on the bye-gones of 

Old England. 

But to revert to the original question — Did 
the great Johnson ever say anything so u illogical 
and pointless," as that punsters and pickpockets 
should be placed in the same category ? The 
dictum is certainly not found in Boswell ; but, 
bearing in mind his well-known aversion to puns — 
his violent and unguarded denouncement of all 
who were so unfortunate as to incur his displea- 
sure, to mention only Whigs and Scotchmen, and 
his own admission that by the definition of Oats 
in his Dictionary , he "meant to vex" the latter 
— it is more than probable that in one of his surly 
moods, he broke out into the expression so gene- 
rally attributed to him. When we find a contro- 
versy still going on as to the last words of Pitt, 
and have on record such diametrically opposite 
opinions as to those of Addison, we must not be 
too particular in insisting on the exact utterances 
of a great man, especially where they are consistent 
with his well-known sentiments. 

May I suggest to Clarry that any further 
communications from him should be subscribed 
with his real name and address, as I have never 
withheld mine. Douglas Allport. 

Epsom, Surrey. 












3** S. II. July 12, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



31 



GLOVES. 
(3 rd S. i. 403.) 

With reference to the etymology of gloves, by 
Mr. Keightley, I might refer to a paper which 
was given by me to Messrs. Parkers' National 
Miscellany, on their use and the derivation of the 
word. Differing entirely from Mr. Keightley 
in the last respect, I may again adduce my views 
(which met at the time considerable assent) with 
some additions. 

After following their Greek" and Roman use, I 

proceed : 

"This Roman and Grecian use would, however, tend 
nothiug to their etymology or the elucidation of their 
mediaeval and symbolical use, which is our principal aim 
at present. The general name for gloves is, in French, 
gant. In Italian, and classically derived languages, guanto ; 
from the barbarous Latin wantos and ivantonene, by the 
mere interchange of the initial gutturals. The Germans, 
who wish to make their language pure and self-support- 
ing, call them rationally shoes of the hand (handschuhe) ; 
but the English term glove is, for our northern and sym- 
bolical use, the most expressive and most ancient. John- 
son was glad to find an Anglo-Saxon word to which he 
could refer it in gelope (gelofe), (not found in Bosworth), 
without further explanation, as in all his etymologies. 
A more careful examination of the word is necessary, and 
will reward our exertions. In modern High German, 
geloben, is to vow ; which, in the Low or Piatt dialect, is 
contracted into globen, and, by the identity of b and v 
(understood by all philologists), gloven. As the Low or 
Piatt dialect was the sole spoken before Luther trans- 
lated the Bible into his own High dialect of Over or 
Upper Saxony, a Teutonic mediaeval knight, throwing 
down the gauntlet as a challenge, and using the words 
Dat is min glove, (That is my belief,) would only express 
the confidence of his opinion ; but the act would soon be- 
come a symbol, and the symbol thence receive its name 

Of GLOVE." 

In Gent Mag., 1791, June (p. 513), we have a 
curious Dutch example of the same word in the 
engraving of a Delft jug, with figures on three of 
its sides, and explanatory inscriptions in capitals 
below : u De Leifte (love) ; de Geregticheid 
(justice) ; Glof (faith, or truth)." And in the 
Glosses to an old German edition of De Olde 
Reynike Voss, Hamburg, 1660 (p. 250*), the fol- 
lowing remark, so much to my purpose that I 
will venture to quote it : 

" Wo wol nu by den olden Diideschen ein Hantgeloffte 
groth, geachtet gewesen, alse w dat darmit truwe und 
gelove ys geholden worden." 

(As, therefore, by the old Germans a Hand-vow 
was held sufficiently binding to preserve thereby 
troth and faith). And the annotator follows up 
his words with the testimony of Tacitus, that the 
German held more of simple promises than the 
Roman of written deeds. 

As, however, everything may be viewed in a 
double point of view, — subjectively, when con- 
sidered by the purely thinking, or objectively 
when viewed from a spot out of or beyond the 
spectator, — so this word glove, which is "belief or 






confidence, becomes faith and truth as inspired 
by the firm belief in an assertion, a cause, or a 
person : and the gauntlet (diminutive of the 
French gant) thrown down is the symbol, as the 
English glove is the verbal actuality of such 
confidence. 

The permanence in the observance of a plighted 
troth, and the symbol of the glove in our country, 
is well exemplified in the following extract from 
Chambers* Miscellany : — 

" The Borderers having once pledged their faith, even 
to an enemy, were very strict in observing it; and looked 
upon its violation as a most heinous crime. When an 
instance of this kind occurred, the injured person at the 
first Border meeting rode through the field displaying a 
glove (the pledge of faith) upon the point of his lance, 
and proclaimed the perfidy of the person who had broken 
his faith ; and so great was the indignation of the assem- 
bly against the perfidy of the criminal, that he was often 
slain by his own clan to wipe out the disgrace he had 
brought upon them." 

I have already spoken of the old German apo- 
logue of Reynike Voss, a poem which Gothe 
thought equalled the Odyssey, and of which he 
gave a very bad High German paraphrase. Upon 
this poem Dryer, a very excellent German lawyer, 
wrote a book to show its services in matters of 
German and general jurisprudence ; and I may, 
therefore, adduce a passage of it in which a judi- 
cial challenge is given with a glove by Isegrim the 
Wolf to Reynard, as a true picture of such a 
procedure, p. 228 (edit. Hamburg, 1660). The 
Wolf says : 

" Dith ys de sake, darmit ick yuw betye, 
Wy willen kempen urame oldt und nye. 
Ick essche yuw tho Kampe tho disser tydr, 
Ick spreke : dat gy ein Vorreder und Morder sydt ; 
Ick wil mit yuw kempen LyrTumme LyrT, 
Es much sick einer endigen unse KyfT, 
De uthbuth den Kamp, dat ys dat Kecht. 
Einen Hantschen den andern tho donde plecht, 
Den hebbe gy hyr, nemet en tho yuw, 
Drade schal sick dat vinden nu. 
Here Koninck und alje gy Heren gemeen, 
Dith hebbe gy gehort und mogent hyt seen : 
He schal nicht wychen uth dessem Recht 
Ehr disse Kamp wert redder gelecht/' 

Of which the following translation aims only at 
being literal : — 

" This is what my challenge will show, 
We will fight both for old and new. 
I demand you to single combat here, 
And call you traitor, murderer. 
The fight shall be fixed for life and death, 
One of us here shall bite the earth : 
He that survives shall be call'd i'th' right. 
Each a glove must give to prove him true knight : 
There is mine thrown, now you up it take, 
God defend the right for Jesus' sake. 
Great King, and all ye Peers around, 
You've heard and I your ev'dence found : 
He shall not be freed from this my plea, 
Till the suit by combat decided be." 

It seems the pledge, or glove, was given by 



32 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3*d S. IL July 12, '62. 



both parties to tbe umpire : for (ibid. p. 229,) we 
find: — 

" De KSninck entfinck de Pande do 
Van Reinecken ock van Isegrinie dartho." 



u The King receives the pledge from both, 
From Reynard and Isegrim, signs of troth. 9 ' 

It is unnecessary to go further into the nu- 
merous examples of gloves given as challenges of 
a subjective belief, or evidences of objective 
truth, such as gifts or traditions of lands and 
houses. Of this latter, the glove thrown by the 
intrepid young Conraddin, the last of the Hohen- 
staufen male line, from the scaffold in the market- 
place at Naples in 1282, amongst tlie crowd, and 
carried to Peter of Arragon, was the best voucher 
of title in the Spanish crown to the kingdom of 
both Sicilies, which it so long enjoyed. 

William Bell, Phil. Dr. 



FORGETFULNESS AFTER SLEEP. 

(3 rd S. i. 406.) 

Mr. George Combe in his System of Phrenology, 
vol. ii. p. 224,* under the article " Memory," has 
an abstract of a report read by Dr. Dewar before 
the Royal Society, in February 1822, on a com- 
munication from Dr. Dyce of Aberdeen, " On 
Uterine Irritation, and its Effects on the Female 
Constitution ; " which abstract and Mr. Combe's 
remarks thereon, I have abbreviated as follows : 

Dr. Dewar stated that it was a case of mental 
disease, attended with some advantageous mani- 
festations of intellectual powers ; and these mani- 
festations disappeared in the same individual in 
the healthy state. It exhibited an instance of a 
phenomenon which is sometimes called double 
consciousness, but is properly a divided conscious- 
ness, or double personality, showing in some mea- 
sure two separate and independent trains of 
thought, and two independent mental capabilities 
in the same individual ; each train of thought, 
and each capability, being wholly dissevered from 
the other, and the two states in which they re- 
spectively predominate subject to frequent inter- 
changes and alterations. 

The patient was a girl aged sixteen years ; the 
affection appeared immediately before puberty, 
and disappeared when that state was fully es- 
tablished. It lasted from March 2 to June 11, 
1815, under the eye of Dr. Dyce. The first 
symptom was an uncommon propensity to fall 
asleep in the evening. This was followed by the 
habit of talking in her sleep on these occasions. 
One evening she fell asleep in this manner, im- 
agined herself an episcopal clergyman, went 
ough the ceremony of baptising three children, 
I gave an appropriate extempore praver. The 



Edit. 5th. Edinburgh : Maclachan & Stewart. 1853. 



mistress took her by the shoulders, on which she 
awoke, and appeared unconscious of everything, 
except that she had fallen asleep, of which she 
showed herself ashamed. She sometimes dressed 
herself and some children, of whom she had the 
care, while in this state, or, as her mistress called 
it, " dead asleep ; w answered questions in such a 
manner as to show that she understood the ques- 
tion ; but the answers were often, though not 
always, incongruous. Sometimes the cold air 
awakened her ; at other times she was seized 
with the affection while walking out with the 
children. She sang a hymn delightfully in this 
state; and from a comparison which Dr. Dyce 
had an opportunity to make, it appeared incom- 
parably better done than she could accomplish 
when well. 

In the mean time a still more singular and in- 
teresting symptom began to make its appearance : 
the circumstances which occurred during the pa- 
roxysms were completely forgotten by her when the 
paroxysm was over, but were perfectly remembered 
during subsequent paroxysms; and it was on thi 
account that Mr. Combe introduced the case under 
the head of " Memory." Her mistress said, that 
when in this stupor on subsequent occasions, she 
told her what was said to her on the evening on 
which she baptised the children. On a following 
Sunday she went to church with her mistress, 
while the paroxysm was on her. She shed tears 
during the sermon, particularly during the ac- 
count given of the execution of three young men 
at Edinburgh, who had described in their dying 
declarations the dangerous steps with which their 
career of vice and infamy had its commencement. 
When she returned home she recovered in a 
quarter of an hour ; was quite amazed at the 
questions put to her about the church and the 
sermon, and denied that she had been in any 
such place ; but the next night, on being taken 
ill, she mentioned that she had been at church, 
repeated the words of the text, and, in Dr. Dyce's 
hearing, gave an accurate repetition of the tragical 
narrative of the three young men by which her 
feelings had been so powerfully affected. 

Drs. Dyce and Dewar give no theory to account 
for these very extraordinary phenomena. They 
mention that the girl complained of confusion and 
oppression in her head on the approach of the 
fits ; and after that catamenia had been fairly es- 

On 




tablished, the whole symptoms disapp 
May 28, 1838, Mr. Combe saw a similar case at 
Birmingham, — that of Mary Parker, aged six- 
teen years, who during the three previous years 
had exhibited similar phenomena. See Phren. 
Journ. vol. xi. p. 604. He remarks that the facts 
are interesting, though inexplicable. 

These cases somewhat differ from that of the 
German officer, insomuch as the phenomena ap- 
peared at a certain and critical period, when a 
























8** S. II. July 12, '€2.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



3* 



<*reat physical change occurs in the female con- 
stitution : yet are they none the less interesting on 

that account. 

While I now write, I am told of a similar case 
to that of the officer. A middle-aged woman in 
good health, has for some years been affected in 
like manner. What she does in sleep is generally 
forgotten ; and on being reminded, all that has 
occurred to her while in that state " floats dimly 
upon her recollection like a dream." 

Many instances such as this last there are, es- 
pecially among young persons ; though, perhaps, 
few altogether like the case of the German officer. 

Ernest W. Bartlett. 



FAMILIES OF FIELD AND DE LA FELD : 

THE PREFIX "DE LA " TO ENGLISH SURNAMES. 

(3 rd S. i. 427.) 

Nothing is more natural than that the prefix 
De la should have been dropped from the name 
De la Feld, or that the foreign form Feld should 
have been Anglicised into Field. Yet it does not 
follow that all families bearing the English name 
Field are descended from the foreign De la Felds. 
The tracing of their descent must, however, be left 
to the genealogist. My object in addressing you 
is to point out the derivation of this name and 
other similar names, once so common in England. 

Mr. M. A. Lower, in his Patronymica Britan- 
nica, says that the prefix De la "is found with 
many medieval surnames. It does not necessarily 
imply the French extraction of the bearer, for 
many of the names are purely English ; e. g. De 
la Broke, De la Bury, De la Cumbe, De la Dale, 
De la Fields &c. — P. 85. 

Under the head "De la Pole" (p. 272), Mr. 
Lower further states that " the French De la was 
affected by the great merchant of Hull, who be- 
came ancestor of the De la Poles, Earls of Suf- 
folk. He flourished in the fourteenth century." 

In the opinions thus expressed I cannot entirely 
agree. That any such addition should have been 
made in or about the fourteenth century, is of 
all things most unlikely ; for it was then that the 
French De or De la was generally dropped from 
our surnames, in consequence, no doubt, of our 
wars with France, which made such prefixes un- 
popular or perhaps unfashionable, as it is now be- 
coming fashionable to resume them. 

The names which Mr. Lower cites as being 
"purely English" I look on as Flemish, their origi- 
nal bearers having come over to England when 
French was the language of the higher classes, 
and having translated this prefix, much in the 
same way as, at the present day, is done with the 
German von. For instance, Alexander von Hum- 
boldt as often signed his name "de H." as "von H." 

I have little doubt that for the whole of the 



names given by Mr. Lower modern Flemish or 
Dutch equivalents may be met with. Looking 
merely into the London Directory I find Ten- 
Broeke (De la Broke), Van den Bergh (De la 
Bury ?), Van der Com (De la Cumbe), Van der 
Velde (De la Feld). So, too, De la Pole (or De 
la Poole, as Shakspeare has it, and as it was com- 
monly pronounced) is the modern Dutch Van der 
Poel, the celebrated merchant of Hull having been 
a Netherlander and not a native Englishman. A 
learned countryman of his, a valued contributor 
to " N. & Q.," could, no doubt, furnish you, if he 
kindly would, with the key to most of our "Eng- 
lish " surnames commencing with De la. 

Among such names I would myself particu- 
larise De la Beche, as being merely a Norman 
rendering of the Flemish Van der Beke, written 
by a Latin scribe, to whom the Teutonic It was 
unknown, and who consequently represented it 
by ch. This is made manifest by the entries on 
the Roll of Boroughbridge, in which the names 
of the father and brother of Nicholas, Lord de la 
Beche of Aldworth, in the county of Berks, are 
indifferently written "Sire Ph' de Bek' piere," 
" Sire Phelip de la Bech\" " Sire Joh a n de Beck' 
63," and " Sire John de Bek\" 

This indiscriminate use of the forms Beche and 
Beke proves, beyond all question, that the latter 
was the true pronunciation ; and I have little 
doubt that the Bekes, whom we find at Reading, 
Whiteknights, and Shinfield in the same county of 
Berks, in the fifteenth century, were descendants 
of the De la Beches of Aldworth ; they having, like 
the De la Felds, dropped the unpopular Norman 

prefix. 

It is a fact deserving of notice that in all the 
records, in which I find the name of the Lincoln- 
shire family of Beke of Eresby, the ancestors of 
the Lords Willoughby de Eresby, the k is pre- 
served, or at times its equivalent, c; whereas, in 
the early records of Sussex and Kent (in Domes- 
day Book CAenth), as in Berkshire, the name is 
spelt Beche, even in the case of those members of 
the family who resided here at Be^esbourne, and 
gave to it their name, the first of them being 
Hugh de Beche of Battel, administrator of Battel 
Abbey from 1171 to 1175. 

This shows that in the north of England the 
Saxon element prevailed among the " clerks," 
whilst in the south it was Latin or Roman ; and, 
it is not irrelevant to add, that, when I was in 
Tuscany the year before last, a custom-house offi- 
cer gave me a receipt for duties in the name of 
Beche. How else could he, any more than his 
Latin ancestors, spell the word Beke ? 

Before concluding this letter, which has run to 
a greater length than intended when begun, I 
would ask two questions : — 

1. On what pretence did the late Sir Henry T. 
De la Beche claim descent from the De la Beches 



34 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'* S. II. Jcly 12, '62. 



of Aid worth ? A9 I have already shown, the ancient 



name would naturally have reverted into Beke, 
such being its pronunciation ; but it could never 
have become Beach, Beech, or anything in which 
the soft sound of eh prevails. 

2. How is it that the distinguishing addition to 
the title of Lord Willoughby de Eresby is so fre- 
quently made <T Eresby, as if it were French ? 
The de here is Latin. The family signature is 
not abbreviated. I find the contraction made in 
Dod's Parliamentary Companion and Peerage, and 
other works : even in the otherwise scrupulously 
correct Kelly's London Directory. 

Charles Beke. 

Bekesbourne. 



"Again that malapert Sleeve-laughing Crew 
In Mourning hang our Maud'len daub'd with BIu 



BLUE AND BUFF. 
(3* 1 S. i. 472, 500.) 

Your correspondent L. asks if the combination 
of blue and buff, as party colours in England, can 
be traced to an earlier date than 1745. In The 
Mobiad, a description in verse of an Exeter elec- 
tion, and a book (from which I have before quoted 
in these pages) which was written in 1737, al- 
though not published till 1770, is more than one 
reference to Blue and Yellow as party badges. 
The poem itself, it is to be observed, was com- 
posed in 1737, and only a portion of the prose 
notes date to 1770. In the Preface, the origin of 
the adoption of the two colours is thus referred 
to: — 

" Persons remote, who may possibly look over this 
little Piece of Rallery, may want to be advertised, That 
in the Time of the last Election of Members to represent 
this Citv in Parliament (that which preceded the Mayor- 
alt}' of ^lr. Arthur Culme, which began in September, 
1737), one Party distinguished themselves by Cockades 
of Blue Colour or Yellow. The Seat of one of the then 
chosen Members soon after becoming vacant, before it 
was known who would be Candidates for the Succession, 
the Mob (who before us'd to bawl about the Street, Sound 
for . . . such an one : or Sound for . . . such ! naming 
the Gentlemen) resolving mostly to stick to their Leaders, 
or AUoers, in the foregoing Election, though intirely 
ignorant particularly for whom, chtfng'd their Notes to 
Sound for tlie Blue ! and Sound for the Yellow I — meaning 
thereby they were absolute Retainers to such different 
Parties as had distinguished themselves by Ribons of 
those several Colours: And thence the Blue and the Yel- 
low became the adopted Terms for Tory and IVhig, &c." 

In the poem itself, are the following (among other) 
mentions of these party badges : 

" The Yellow Greeks with vast Iluzza rush in ; 
And Blues look bluer at the dauntful Din." 

u Greeks. So we surname, I know not why, the rugged 
inhabitants of St. Sidwells. The title seems to have 
arisen from their contending with the City at Foot-ball, 
&c, they being called Greeks, as making the Invasion, 
and the Townsmen perhaps Trojans in defending their 
Ground." (P. 75.) 

•• A Hundred Throats club Energy of Bawl 

For Blue! a Hundred for the Yellow! squawl." 

(P. 78.) 



»» 



" Maudlen, or properly Magdalen, Gallows, the Execu- 
tion Tree for High Treason, Felonies, &c committed 
within the County or City of Exeter. Divers super- 
eminent personages of the Blue Army (among whom a 
Blind man was one) having had the Whim to paint 
their Houses, significantly, of that Colour, to show their 
Extravagance of Zeal; — it happened that, on their 
losing an Election, some conceal'd Wags of the contrary 
Party, daub'd this Gallows partly of that Colour, and 
withal hung ragged black Crape upon it, for Mourning." 
(P. 143.) 

" Old Prophecies, I've heard, in Terms declare. 
The Turk shall fall by Men of Yellow Hair. 
And shan't our Christian Yellow Knots subdue, 
The more than heathenish Cockades of Blue? 
They shall : I see how they inglorious droop 
Ev'n on the Cockscombs of their LivVy Troop." 

" Litfry Troop. The attendants on the Honourable 
High-Sheriff at the Assizes, 1737 or 1738, wore Blue 
Cockades^ in profess'd Token of that Gentleman's being 
of the Blue Party. [Many have followed the example 
since, 1770.]" (P. 148.) 

There is also an account of " a particular very 
fat Madam" who "tore up her Blue Silk Gown 
to make Cockades therewith;" of the City Waits 

; and, of a 



in 1 



dressing themselves in Blue Cloaks 
Warden of the Parish of St. Olave, " in nis over- 
boiling Love to the Blue Party/* painting a Cob- 
bler's Shop " of a very deep Blue, Windows, 
Stall, and all." There is also the following pas- 
sage, in which Buff is particularly mentioned : 

u He ends. The hardy Bands of Buff attest 
Their Potence with prevailing Voice the best." 

" Buff. That formerly was the term of Distinction 
assumed by the then low party, Sound and Buff being 
the different Shiboleths then, as Blue and Yellow now are." 
(P. 150.). 

CUTHBERT BEDE. 



" History of John Bull" (3 rd S. i. 340, 499.) 
There appears to be no sufficient reason for ques- 
tioning Dr. Arbuthnot's exclusive title to the 
authorship of this admirable satire. We have 
Pope's distinct and positive statement to Spence, 
that "Dr. Arbuthnot was the sole writer of John 
Bull" (Spence's Anecdotes, by Singer, edit. 1820, 
8vo, p. 145). The notices of it by Swift, in his 
Journal to Stella, are all in perfect accordance 
with this declaration. He writes, May 10th, 
1712: — 

" I hope you read John Bull It was a Scotch Gentle- 
man, a friend of mine, that wrote it, bat they pat it upon 



me. 



»» 



And, June 17th, 1712 : 

u John Bull is not wrote by the person you imagine " 
(meaning, no doubt, the Dean himself). •• It is too good 
for another to own. Had it been Grub Street, I would 
have let people think as they please, and I think that's 
right." 

And under the date, Dec. 12, 1712 : 









3 rd S. II. July 12, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



35 



" The Pamphlet of Political Lying is written by Dr. 
Arbuthnot, the Author of < John Bull: " 

Surely no more is needed to settle the question 
of the authorship ; but if internal evidence is to 
have its weight, it is all against Swift's being sup- 
posed to be the writer. The straightforward nar- 
rative and vein of humour, the simplicity and 
general character of the composition, are clearly, 
at least as appears to me, not in Swift's manner ; 
but afford most manifest indications of the hand 
of another great master of satire, with powers as 
vigorous, distinct, and peculiar, as even those of 
the immortal Dean himself. That Arbuthnot was 
capable of any effort, however transcendant, in 
that department of literature to which John Ball 
belongs, take the evidence of those who knew him 
best, the other two members of what has been 
justly called " an illustrious Triumvirate." u He 
has more wit than we all have," said Dean Swift 
to a lady, "and his humanity is equal to his wit." 
11 His good morals," Pope used to say, u were 
equal to any man's ; but his wit and humour 
superior to all mankind." J as. Crossley. 

If not noticed before, it may be worth while to 
observe that Lord Macaulay ascribes this satire 
to Arbuthnot without any apparent doubt. {Hist, 
of England, v. 133.) 

I do not follow Mr. Booth in the reasoning of 
his third paragraph. If he means to attach credit 
to the opinion of Arbuthnot's son, the inference 
should be that the " trashy " part of the book 
referred to, not the History, was spurious. 

On the opposite opinion Arbuthnot must be 
considered a worthless writer, devoid of all real 
wit and humour ; contrary to universal tradition 
and opinion. Lyttelton. 

Sara Holmes (3 rd S. i. 465.) — With reference 
to Lord Monson's inquiry, as to u who was Sara 
Holmes," in your valuable magazine, I beg to say 
that she was the wife of John Holmes, believed to 
be the son of Sir John Holmes, Knt., Governor 
of Usk Castle, Isle of Wight, circa 1670; and 
nephew of Sir Robert Holmes, Governor of the 
Isle of Wight in the time of Charles II., who left 
a large property to the said John Holmes under 
certain contingencies. 

Query whether the property at stake is not 
derivable from this source ? If so, it is unneces- 
sary to inquire to what family Sara Holmes 
belonged. 

William, the son of John and Sara Holmes, it 
is admitted, went to Ireland, and his great grand- 
son is believed to have been George Holmes, born 
in Ireland circa 1770, and settled in Bristol 
1808 — whose grandson I am. 

My grandfather was urged by several lawyers 
to take steps towards the recovery of the pro- 
perty. He did not do so, however ; and I can 
only explain his apathy by the want of sufficient 






means to prosecute his claims. I am in possession 
of a good deal of information in MSS., &c, rela- 
tive to the family, not however at hand just now ; 
but I shall be happy to furnish Lord Monson with 
further particulars through your columns on some 
future occasion, and shall be glad if he can cor- 
roborate or correct my statements. 

An Isle of Wight Holmes. 

Coverdale's Bible (3 rd S. i. 433; ii. 10.) 
E. A. D. may congratulate himself upon being 
possessed of a hitherto undiscovered Tyndale's 
Bible. The book he describes is certainly not 
Coverdale's Bible, but Tyndale's translation of 
1537. He asks where there is a copy of this book 
to be found. In reply, he is told that no copy 
has been hitherto discovered, only of the New 
Testament, which is in the cathedral library at 
Canterbury. I have compared the texts he men- 
tions with Coverdale's quarto, 1537, of which 
there is a copy in the British Museum ; and with 
Taverner's, 1539, in my own collection, with the 
quarto Coverdale and Tyndale, 1530, &c, and it 
differs with them all to such an extent, as to war- 
rant me in supposing it to be the lost edition of 
Tyndale in its original state. It is needless to- 
compare with Tyndale's first edition of the New 
Testament, a correct edition of which I printed in 
1836, which has since become scarce, although 
4,000 copies were printed of it, with the Memoir 
of the author, since reprinted in America in 1837. 

The discovery of this book will operate in 
forming a new era to the History of the English 
Bible. I trust that E. A. D., if he disposes of 
this book, will do it either to the Trustees of the 
British Museum, or by public auction. It ought 
upon no account to be kept in any private col- 
lection. George Offoe. 

Mackelcan Family (3 rd S. i. 409.) — I would 
join a Query to that of H. M. N.'s by asking who 
was the member of that family who published, at 
London, by Kichards, in 1753, 

" A General History of the Lives and Adventures of 
the most famous Highwaymen, Murderers, Street Rob- 
bers, and Pyrates. The whole interspersed with several 
diverting Tales, and embellished with the Heads of the 

most Remarkable Villains, neatly engraved. By CapU 
Mackelcan " ? 

Title, matter, and cuts savour strongly of the 
more famous chronicle of Capt. Johnson ; and, 
until the Mackelcan family was inquired about, I 
looked upon my book as a piratical compend of 
that work, which some Curll of the day had put 
forth with a fictitious name. I never saw but my 
own copy of the book, which is a small octavo of 
324 pages. J. O. 

Literature of Lunatics (3 rd S. i. 451, 500.) 
In an article by Mr. John Plummer, of Ketter- 
ing, entitled " A Forgotten Poet," in Once a- 
Week for May 11, 1861, is a poem on " The 



36 



AND QU 



[3"* S. II. July 12, '62. 



Daisy," dated r March 20, 1860, and written by 
John Clare, u the Northamptonshire Poet," who, 
for the last twenty-five years, has been an inmate 
of the Northampton County Lunatic Asylum. 

CUTHBERT BEDE. 



Analogy 



Musical 



between Colours and 
Sounds (3 rd S. i. 485.)— By " colours" and " mu- 
sical sounds " we mean either certain sensations of 
the brain, or else the impression made upon the 
ear or eye which occasion such sensations. 

In the first meaning of " colours " and " musical 
sounds," it may be said that there is an analogy 
between them, certain sensations of colour seem- 
ing to harmonise (if that word may be allowed) 
with certain sensations of sound. 

But in such merely subjective sense of analogy, 
much must depend upon individual idiosyncrasy. 
I have not at hand Durandus On Symbolism, but 
so far as my memory serves me, he speaks of the 
"analogy" between the colour sky-blue and the 
tones of the flute. In other words, the colour sky- 
blue affects the mind in much the same manner as 
would the tones of the flute. The sound of a 
trumpet excites the tone of mind which the colour 
scarlet suggests. 

But it is possible to conceive of a mind so con- 
stituted, or so compassed with associations, that in 
it the colour sky-blue should excite morbid emo- 
tions, and the colour scarlet should be suggestive 
of happy peaceful summer days. 

In the second meaning of " colours " and u mu- 
sical sounds " there is so far an analogy between 
them, that they are both the result of vibration. 
In the one case the ear is affected by the waves of 
air striking upon it ; in the other case the eye is 
affected by the waves of that fluid of extreme te- 
nuity which pervades all space so far as we are 
cognisant of space. 

It is possible that there may thus be some real 
analogy, based upon the numerical relations of the 
vibrations necessary for the effecting the percep- 
tion of any particular colour or sound, such as 
that which Chromophone suggests. W. C. 

A series of articles " On the Analogy existing 

between Musical Scales and Colours " by G. B. 

Allen, Mus. Bac, appeared a few years past in 

The Musical World. The writer quotes Field's 

Chromatics, in support of his theories. Brewster 

and^ other physicists have also written upon the 
subject. 

Taking one more step towards what I conceive 
to be a universal law existing in nature, I have 
enunciated, in The Art of Perfumery,* the 
analogy which exists between odours and sounds, 
and have endeavoured to show that they depend 
upon cognate laws. 

At the Soiree of the Musical Society of Lon- 
don, held a t St. James's Hall last year, I ex- 

* 3rd edition. Longman & Co. 



hibited a series of odorous bodies arranged to a 
scale of six octaves, each odour bearing its cor- 
responding musical note. Many eminent musical 
savans there discussed the subject, and admitted 
that I had at least established my theory. To 
show facts, however, will require a series of diffi- 
cult and recondite experiments. These I am 
pursuing. Will Chromophone help me to solve 
the problem, the first proposition of which I have 
laid down? G. W. Septimus Piesse. 

Chiswick, W. 

I beg to refer Chromophone to The Music of 
Nature, by William Gardener of Leicester, pub- 
lished in 1832 by Longman & Co. Page 187. 



II. J. 






the Lte to Distance (3 rd S. 
J. H. will find an account in the Hand- 



Kirkes & Paget, p. j 



n 





















i. 485.) 

book of Physiology 

1848. 

Who 

by " The optician," and " the physiologist, 1 ' in 
Dr. George Wilson's Essay, I do not pretend to 
say ; but certain it is that the late Dr. Buckland, 
who belonged to the latter class rather than the 
former, did not continue proof against the argu- 
ments so urgently u pressed upon his attention/' 
until within three years of 1853. 

In his Bridge water Treatise published in 1837, 
thirteen years earlier, after describing the " bony 
sclerotic M surrounding the eye of the fossil Icthy- 
osaurus, he continues : 

" In living animals, these bony plates are fixed in the 
exterior or sclerotic coat of the eye, and vary its scope 
of action by altering the convexity of the cornea. By 
their retraction, they press forward the front of the eye 
and convert it into a microscope : in resuming their posi- 
tion, when the eye is at rest, they convert it into a tele- 
scope." — Geology and Mineralogy, bv Rev. W. Buck- 
land, D.D., &c 2vols.8vo. London, "1837. Vol. L 174. 

I think [it will be found on investigation, that 
the worthy doctor was by no means the first to 
"justify the optician " on this question, and that 
therefore the animadversions in the Edinburgh 
Essays were uncalled for. Douglas Aulport. 

Plitrality of Editions (3 rd S. i. 486.) — Will 
your correspondent accept the following anecdote 
of a person who some years ago stood prominently 
forward in all the newspapers, and was placarded 
upon all the walls of Liverpool, and other places, 
as the major-domo of the Temple of iEsculapius ? 
This gentleman, ycleped Dr. Solomon, made his 
appearance at Paris upon the Peace of Amiens, 
during the reign of Napoleon ; and wishing to 
create a great impression of his importance, he 
paraded -that city with a splendid equipage, and a 
retinue of servants in liveries, exactly the coun- 
terpart of those of the First Consul. Among those 
he honoured with a visit was M. Pougens, the 
celebrated Bibliophile^ and proclaimed himself the 



- 



8** S. II. July 12, '62.] 



NOTES AND QTJEKIES. 



37 



Many 



author of the Guide to Health * — the most popular 
work in England ! M. Pougens received him with 
much politeness, and writing to an English friend 
of mine, thus expressed himself: " Que est-ce que 
c'est cet Docteur Solomon, qui s'appelle auteur 
d'un Guide to Health? qui a eu, selon lui, tin- 
quanle cinq editions." And then significantly 
added : " Je ne sais que la Bible qu'a eue un pareil 
succes." I think your readers will not be much 
at a loss to conjecture the reply my friend made. 

Kjlsum Teneatis ? 

Dr. Buchan lived to see the eighteenth edition 
of his celebrated Domestic Medicine. H. J. 

Climate of England (3 rd S. i. 485.) 
of the causes affecting climate are easily explained. 
Soil, elevation, nearness to the sea, or remoteness 
from it, exposure to certain winds, or atmospheric 
influences, natural barriers shutting out these 
influences, and either causing the air to stagnate, 
or warding off those that may be baneful or bene- 
ficial ; proximity to large towns or manufactories, 
drainage, and a variety of others. 

In order to arrive at facts, great caution should 
be used with regard to the statements contained 
in locally -published Guide Books. "Every one 
for his own " is especially the motto of all Little 
Pedlingtonians, and the Cannibals who "live on 
their lodgers " in Squampash flats, will unblush- 
ingly hold forth in favour of the far-famed salu- 
brity of the place. 

Black's Where shall we Go ? gives the climate 

and temperature of our various health-resorts 

without prejudice ; but does not enter very deeply 

into the philosophy of the question. 

Douglas Allport. 

Rats leaving a sinking Ship (2 nd S. xii. 502 ; 
3 rd S. i. 78, 296.) — The following extract has 
some bearing upon this question, submitted by 
me some time ago, and since partially answered. 
The superstition (for it seems to be little more) 
appears to be of long standing : 

u I have often heard that the eating or gnawing of 
clothes by rats is ominous, and portends some mischance 
to fall on those to whom the clothes belong. I thank 
God I was never addicted to such divinations, or heeded 
them. I have heard indeed many fine stories told of 
rats; how they abandon houses and ships, when the first 
are to be burnt, and the second drowned. Naturalists 
say they are very sagacious creatures, and I believe thej r 
are so ; but I shall never be of the opinion they can fore- 
see future contingencies, which I suppose the devil him- 
self can neither foreknow nor foretell ; these being things 
which the Almighty hath kept hidden in the bosom of 



* This Guide to Health was to promulgate, not a speci- 
fic in any one particular disease, but a panacea, a medica- 
tnentum catholicum for all diseases; with the pompous 
appellation of the " Balm of Gilead," and accompanied 
with the quotation from the Book of Jeremiah, viii. 22, 
as a motto. 



his divine prescience." — Sir James Turner's Memoirs, 
temp. Car. II., Bannatyne edition, p. 59, quoted in the 
Legend of Montrose. 

Job J. Bardwell Workard, M.A. 

Private Act (3 rd S. i. 487.)— If Britton, in his 
Architectural Antiquities, has not made a wrong 
reference, the Private Act 35 Hen. VIII. ch. 9, 
inquired for by Vedette, is the following : 

" Wapping Marsh, in the County of Middlesex, [not 
Essex] shall be divided by certain Persons assigned, or 
by any Six of them ; and Richard Hill, of London, 
Mercer, the Assignee of Cornelius Wanderdelf (who at 
hi3 own Charge inned and recovered the same) shall have 
one moiety thereof to him and his Heirs." 

As the Act is private, and private Acts were 
not printed until a subsequent period, Vedette 
can nowhere obtain a copy, or see an abstract of 
it. The original Roll may very probably be in- 
spected at the Parliament Office, Westminster. 

J. Hogge Duffy. 

Birth-day of George III. (3 rd S. i. 305.) 
In contemporary publications the birth-day of 
this prince is registered as being on May 24, 
1738. It is so given in the Gentleman s Maga- 
zine, wherein it is further said that " Mrs. Cannon 
of Jermine Street, laid her Royal Highness, who 
the evening before (the 23rd), had been walking 
with the Prince in St. James's Park. Eric says 
the New Style pulled up the Calendar ten days. 
The world was ten days in arrear, by Julius 
Caesar's making the year eleven minutes too 
long, when Gregory XIII. reformed the Calendar 
in 1582 ; but when England adopted that Calendar 
in 1752, we were eleven days in arrear. There- 
fore, May 24 became June 4 (as September 3 
became September 14) and the royal birth-day 
was celebrated on the proper anniversary. 

J. Dor an. 

Longevity of Lawyers (3 rd S. i. 345, 519.) — 
There are at present at the Irish Bar three fair 
samples of longevity, viz. Conway E. Dobbs, Esq., 
Under Treasurer of the Honorable Society of 
King's-Inns, Dublin, called to the Bar in the 
year 1795 ; the Right Hon. Thomas Langlois 
Lefroy, Lord Chief Justice of the Court of 
Queen's Bench, called in 1797, appointed a Baron 
of the Exchequer in 1841, and promoted to his 
present high post in 1852 ; and James Moody, 
Esq., Chairman of Quarter Sessions, co. Cork, 
W.K., called in 1797. With the exception of 
the foregoing, all the members of the Irish Bar, 
whose names, &c, are given in ThorrHs Almanack 
and Official Directory for 1862, pp. 915—924, 
have been called subsequently to the commence- 
ment of the present century. But, besides the 
three above-named, there are sixteen of fifty 
years' standing and upwards, the total number 
upon the list being (as I have reckoned them) 
1002. Abhba. 



38 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'<* S. II. July 12, '62. 



Ferula (3 rd S. i. 450, 512.) — Your corre- 
spondent should be informed that the equivalent 
in Greek of ferula, viz. vipO-nt, is used in Xeno- 
phon's Cyropcedia (n. iii. 20) for an instrument of 
punishment. With what is the bastinado inflicted 
in the East ? C. J. II. 

Turkey-cocks (3 rd S. i. 507.) — As these birds 
were introduced from America and were unknown 
in Europe previously, Izacke must be mistaken. 
Perhaps in his day the Yeo family bore the 
arms described, and he attributed the same to 
their early ancestor. C. J. R. 

Age of Newspapers (3 rd S. i. 287, 381, 435.) 
In the following paragraph, your esteemed corre- 
spondent Mr. Macray, has, I think, made two 
errors. He says : 

"The Caledonian Mercury of the present day was 
founded by the celebrated printer and scholar Ruddiman, 
in 1720, and, consequent^*, it cannot be said to be the 
oldest newspaper in the realm. The resemblance in the 
name to the Mercurius Caledonius has led to the mistake.'' 

The Caledonian Mercury was founded by Wil- 
liam Holland, a lawyer, and it was printed for 
him by William Adams, jun. The first number 
appeared at Edinburgh, on Thursday, April 28, 
1720. Adams printed 589 numbers, and on Jan- 
uary 17, 1724, Ruddiman commenced printing 
the subsequent number. In March, 1729, Holland 
died, and Ruddiman became the proprietor of the 
paper. 

Mr. Macray says, the resemblance in the name 
of the paper to the Mercurius Caledonius, has led 
to the assertion that it is " the oldest newspaper 
in the realm." It is not the similarity of name 
that has led to the mistake, but the founder 
of the Caledonian Mercury himself, who wished 
the public to believe that his offspring was a con- 
tinuation of the first native Scottish newspaper. 
But, as Mr. Alexander Andrews justly observes : 

u As that journal had ceased to exist for sixty years — 
rather a protracted case of suspended animation — and 
had never lived above ten weeks, it must be confessed a 
bold stroke on the part of the projector of the new paper 
to profess to have resuscitated, after so long a period, a 
journal which might be reckoned to have come almost 
still-born into the world ; but the founder, William Hol- 
land, a lawyer, boldly brought it forth as a continuation of 
the Mercurius Caledonius, and to this day (for it still 
exists) it is, bv some, stated to be the oldest paper in 

Scotland." — The History of British Journalism, i. 288. 

I may add, in conclusion, that, as regards dates, 
Mitchell's Directory is a mass of error, calculated 
only to mislead the uninitiated. If the ages of 
some other newspapers were as easily settled as 
that of the Caledonian Mercury, it would be no 
very difficult task to compile a correct list. 

Edward F. Rimbault. 

Portraits of Archbishop Crammer (3 rd S. i. 
416.) — I possess a small engraving of this prelate, 



I 



in which he is represented with a long beard and 
moustache. There is neither date nor artist's 
name given, but under the portrait (which is evi- 
dently old from the character of the letters) is the 



following 



"Thomas Cranmerus. 



" Errores Cranraere tuos tandem ultus, amore 
Christi fcrs Ham mas, Martyriumque subis. 

AB. n 

W.B. 

Braose Family (3 rd S. i. 489) — Your corre- 
spondent F. L. has favoured us with a very elabo- 
rate account of this family, and in conclusion 
invites the communication of further particulars. 
At a remote period they held considerable pro- 
perty at Tetbury and the neighbourhood, in 
Gloucestershire. In the Collection of Coats of 
Armour of Gloucestershire, by Sir Geo. Nayler,* 
Knt. (Lond. 1792,) the arms of Braose of Tet- 
bury, are given (plate 8). There was a much 
mutilated and dilapidated altar monument of the 
Braose family, which was surrounded with figures 
of members of that house, in the old church at Tet- 
bury, pulled down rather more than eighty years 
ago ; and I believe this monument was in such a 
ruinous decayed state as not to admit of restora- 
tion, so that I rather think it was thought neces- 
sary to remove it altogether. Ralph Bigland, 
Clarencieux-King-at-Arms, published Views in 
Gloucestershire, now in the British Museum (191, 
f. 3) ; these were of places taken alphabetically, 
and were left off about midway from ill health of 
the editor, and I do not conceive were finished 
beyond the letter M. Still there are a few of the 
plates, which were destined for the work had it 
proceeded, which are preserved, and will be found 
at the end of the volume as above. About the 
101st plate is the representation of this Braose 
monument, engraved by T. Bonner, an artist of 
considerable merit. There are also views of the 
old church, and two of the new church, which was 
opened about eighty years ago. That of the old 
church was for many years the only one in 
existence. Antiquarius. 

Coins in Tankards (3 rd S. i. 50, &c.) — This is 
a common practice at the present day among the 
journeymen glass-blowers. II. S. G. > 









• - 




tscrllanrouS. 



MONTHLY FEUILLETON ON FRENCH BOOKS. 

Quelques Lettres de Louis XI V. et des Princes de sa Fa- 

mi/le. 1688—1713. Paris, Aubry. London, Barthes 
and Lowell. 
This elegant little volume, published under the super- 


















* Garter King of Arms, Heralds* College (obit. Oct. 
1831.) 



3' d S. II. July 12, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



39 



rntendence of M. le president Hiver, will serve to com- 
plete the collections which exist at present of letters 
written by Louis XIV. With the exception of three 
curious documents, all the pieces now for the first time 
printed are from the grand monarque himself; and they 
illustrate, as the indication on the title-page sufficiently 
shows, an extensive portion of his reign. The letter 
addressed to Marshal Vauban was already known by 
tradition ; and the reader cannot fail to admire it for the 
noble sentiments it expresses, and the elegant terseness 
of the style. M. Hiver aptly observes, that " la langue 
de Bossuet etait devenue celle des hommes d'etat : " the 
brochure with which he has presented us exemplifies this 
remark in the most striking manner. 

La Lettre de Change, son Origine. Documents Histo- 

riques, by Jules Thieury. Paris, Aubry. London, Barthes 

and Lowell. 

M. Jules Thieury has inquired minutely into the origin 
of Bills of Exchange, and presented his solution of the 
problem under the shape of a pamphlet which will in- 
terest, not only bankers and commercial men, but his- 
torians and archaeologists. After alluding briefly to the 
money transactions of classical antiquity, he quotes a pas- 
sage showing that Bills of Exchange are mentioned in a 
Venetian law, bearing date 1272, and which is quoted by 
Nicolai* de Tesseribus in his treatise De Scriptura Frivata, 
cap. de Litteris Cambii. The same author alludes like- 
wise to a Statutum Avenionense of the year 1243, contain- 
ing a chapter entitled u De Litteris Cambii." Starting, 
therefore, from 1243, M. Thieury examines the two tradi- 
tions which have hitherto passed current respecting the 
origin of Bills of Exchange. Some historians maintain 
that thev were invented bv the Ghibelines on their ex- 
pulsion from Florence, and they consider the Polizza de 
Cambio as the origin of the modern document we are now 
•alluding to. If, however, the date 1243, or even 1272, be 
admitted, it is impossible to acknowledge the claims put 
forward in favour of the Ghibelines. The second hypo- 
thesis consigns to the Jewish merchants of the Middle 
Ages the honour of having first circulated Bills of Ex- 
change ; and M. Thieury adopts it, quoting the learned 
arguments of M. Nouguier (Des Lettres de Change et des 
Effets de Commerce), and M. Pardessus (Introduction a 
la Collection des Lois Maritime**). Our author thinks it 
probable that the Crusaders of 1147 were the first who, 
for the necessities of the journey, made use, through the 
medium of the Jews, of "ces lettres au stvle concis et en 
peu de paroles." The second part of M. Thieury's disqui- 
sition contains several valuable historical documents ; and 
amongst others, a copy of the first known Bill of Exchange, 
being a specimen found in the works of the celebrated 
Jurist, Baldus de Ubaldis. 

Lettre en. Vers sur les Mariages de Mile, de Rohan avec 
M. de Chabot, etc., etc. Paris, Aubry. London, Barthes 
and Lowell. 

This poetical effusion is curious in more respects than 
one. In the first place, the MS. from which it has been 
transcribed, and which, at the latest, belongs to the year 
1650, contains the following annotation: "L'autheur est 
le fils de M. le Maistre Paul Scarron. . . . Ce fils est un 
jeune homme incommode de bras et de jambes, qui a le cul 
dans un plateau, mais de tres bon esprit." If this indica- 
tion is correct, it follows that the various editions of the 
works of Madame de Maintenon's first husband are not 
complete, since they none of them include the piece now 
published by M. Aubry, and which extends to no less 
than 250 lines. On the other hand, it would be perhaps 
rash to ascribe to Scarron the authorship of the Lettre en 
Vers merely from the testimony of an unknown anno- 
tator; and although the poetry is neither better nor 
worse than the average style of the burlesque rhymester, 
the wisest course must be to leave the question subjudice, 






especially as the printed Becueil des Mazarinades of the 
Arsenal Library, in Paris, whilst reproducing (very im- 
perfectly) the letter we are considering, does not supply 
the name of the author. 

But the interest connected with M. Aubry's amusing 
volume arises from the historical events it relates, quite 
as much as from its being the probable work of Scarron. 
The marriage of Mademoiselle de Rohan created a great 
deal of excitement at the time when it took place ; and 
the brother of the bride, Tancrede de Rohan, by the 
mystery of his birth, by his adventures, and his prema- 
ture death, remains as one of the most singular charac- 
ters of the seventeenth century If we now pass on to 
the second episode described by the poet, namely, the 
marriage of Julie d'Angennes with the Duke de Mon- 
tausier, is it necessary to remind our readers that the 
happy termination of a courtship which had lasted fifteen 
years formed the topic of conversation amongst all the 
ruelles and reunions of prScieux and precieuses ? The 
third and last piece of matrimonial gossip mentioned in 
the letter refers to Mademoiselle de Brissac and Sabatier. 
It has not left in history such recollections as the two 
preceding ones, because the parties concerned have other- 
wise obtained very little renown ; but it is most probable 
that for the contemporaries of Scarron, Mademoiselle de 
Brissac was quite as distinguished as the fair D'Angennes ; 
and at all events, she was thought worthy of an equal 
share in the inspirations of the poetical newsmonger. 
The Lettre en Vers sur les Mariages is, to conclude, a 
wretched piece of doggrel, never rising above the efforts 
of Loret's well-known Muzc Historique ; as a literary 
production it deserves scarcely to be mentioned, and its 
chief merit results from its historical importance. The 
edition published by M. Aubry has reproduced all the 
annotations contained in the original MS., and the nu- 
merous incidents or characters mentioned have been 
further made the subject of illustrative comments, judi- 
ciously added by way of supplement at the conclusion of 
the volume. 

Marguerite oV Angouleme, sceur de Francois I, son Litre 
de Depenses. E'tude sur ses dernieres Anne.es. Par le Comte 

de la Ferriere-Percy. Paris, Aubry. London, Barthes 
and Lowell. 

M. de la Ferriere-Percy is well known in the anti- 
quarian world for a number of interesting publications, 
which have been received with the greatest success, and 
even honourably mentioned by the Acadcmie des In- 
scriptions et Belles Lettres. The monograph} 7 he now sends 
forth from the press is particularly curious, because rt 
refers to one of the most illustrious princesses of the 
Valois family, — a princess, moreover, whose reputation 
is still a subject of debate amongst many. Marguerite 
d'Angouleme's Livre de Depenses appears to have origi- 
nally formed part of the papers preserved in the chateau 
of Conterne, in Normandy. This baronial residence, 
pillaged during the revolution of 1789, belonged in the 
first instance to Jehan de Frotte, secretary of the fair 
Marguerite ; and it is through the kindness of the Mar- 
quis de Frotte, a lineal descendant of Jehan, that M. de 
la Ferriere-Percy has been enabled to publish it. Some 
persons might be perhaps led to suppose that an account- 
book can afford but very little historical information, to 
say nothing of amusement and pleasure. M. de la Fer- 
riere Percy, however, has triumphantly met this objec- 
tion ; and his volume is really a narrative of the greater 
part of Marguerite d'Angouleme's chequered life, and a 
disquisition on the religious and intellectual movement 
of the sixteenth century in France. The description of 
the Bcgistre des Depenses leads naturally our author to 
examine what was the amount of the princess's fortune ; 
her?marriage is also alluded to as a matter of course, and 
finally, an account is taken of the provisions which she 



40 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3' d S. II. July 12, ? 62. 



made for her family, her friends, and her retainers. It is 
well known that Marguerite d'Angouleme's court was 
one of the most refined in civilised Europe; her taste for 
intellectual enjoyments had gathered together around 
her a pleiad of brilliant and accomplished writers, whilst 
the freedom of her opinions on matters of religion had 
caused her to be suspected by the Sorbonne, and looked 
upon with admiration by the early leaders of the Re- 
formation in France. Hence the particular interest which 
attaches itself to her Rcgistre des Dcpenses, and which 
makes every item it contains the fit text for a commen- 
tary or a biographical excursus. The names of Gerard 
Roussel, Boaistuau, Nicolas Denisot, Jacques Amyot, 
Bonaventure des Periers, Clement Marot, occur repeatedly, 
reminding us both of one of the brightest epochs in the 
history of French literature, and also of the zeal with 
which the accomplished sister of Francis I. encouraged 
the revival of elegant learning. 

M. de la Ferriere -Percy has discussed, after M. Lut- 
terote and others, the extraordinary charge adduced 
against Marguerite d'Angouleme by the late M. Genin. 
The document, which forms the sole basis of the accusa- 
tion, being reprinted in the volume now before us, the 
reader will be able to weigh the arguments of the learned 
annotator. They seem to us irresistible. The Appendix 
contains, besides, a transcript of several letters preserved 
amongst the treasures of the Egerton Collection at the 
British Museum, an accurate list of the persons com- 
posing Marguerite's household during the year 1548, and 
various other pages of equal importance. An excellent 
Index enables the reader, finally, to thread his way with 
the greatest ease through the mass of details so judici- 
ously accumulated by M. de la Ferri fere-Percy. 

Les Jeux d'Esprit, ou la Promenade de la Princesse de 
Conti a Euj par Mademoiselle de la Force ; publics par le 
Marquis de la Grange. Paris, Aubry. London, Barthes 
and Lowell. 

The original MS. of the Jeux cCEsprit belonged to the 
library of his late Majesty Louis Philippe, and was pur- 
chased in 1852 by the Marquis de la Grange, who thought 
that it might usefully appear in M. Aubry's amusing 
Tr&sor des Pieces rares ou inedites. As a literary produc- 
tion, the work is not of very great merit ; but it is a 
monument of the precieux style, which was so popular 
during the seventeenth century, and which contributed so 
much to polish the French language. M. de la Grange's 
Introduction explains most clearly the influence exer- 
cised by the Hdtel de Rambouillet, and other similar 
reunions; at the time when these salons first obtained 
their popularity, the double action of Italian and Spanish 
taste was busily at work, and it seemed probable that in 
a very short time French must become a kind of jargon, 
made up of an illogical association of two dialects which 
foreign politics had brought into every-day use. What- 
ever may have been subsequently the defects and exag- 
gerations of the precieux and prccieuses, they certainly 
are entitled to the merit of having preserved to the 
French language its national character, besides diffusing 
throughout the kingdom a taste for conversation and for 
literary pursuits. 

Another remark made by M. de la Grange, and which 
deserves to be noticed here, is, that the society of the 
pricieuses outlived the Hdtel de Rambouillet, and lasted 
during the first thirty years of the following century. The 
Duchesse du Maine's court, at Sceaux, was not merely 
an active centre of political opposition, but also a bureau 
cTesprit; and the features which both coteries had in 
common are so numerous and so obvious, that it is use- 
less to reproduce them. Thus, whilst the amusements of 
Mademoiselle de Montpensier, at Saint Fargeau, had 
been celebrated by Segrais in 1G56, under the name of 
Divertissements de la Princesse Aurc'lie, in like manner 



the Divertissements de Sceaux were sung by Genest and 
Mal&ieu in 1712. The mania for adopting fictitious names 
may also be given as a further characteristic of both 
societies; and now, if, on the other hand, we wish to find 
oppositions, we shall have no difficulty in discovering 
them. " What a contrast," says M. de la Grange, * be- 
tween the shepherds of Racan and those who, after being 
sung by Fontenelle and Malezieu, sat afterwards as 
models for Watteau and Boucher ! Compare the madri- 
gals of the Hotel de Rambouillet with the Anacreontic 
strains of La Fare and Chaulieu ! Measure the distance 
which separates the suitors of Julie d'Angennes from the 
animals of the Duchesse du Maine's mSnagerie ! w 

If we come finally to Mademoiselle de la Force herself, 
we find that she was connected with persons belonging 
to both phases of the precieux society. She composed 
several novels which enjoyed much reputation at the 
time when they first appeared ; and although banished 
from Court, and obliged to live in a convent for the space 
of sixteen years, she supported courageously a disgrace 
which seems to have been unjustly severe. The Jeux 
d Esprit were written by her for the amusement of the 
society amongst which she lived. They remind us of 
some of the drawing-room games which serve us still to 
while away the long winter evenings ; but they possess 
also real historical interest, and, under the fictitious 
designations introduced by the fair authoress, we can 
easily read names well known either at Sceaux or in 
Paris. 

GlJSTAVE MASSON. 

Harrow-on-the-Hill. 









fintitti tn €avvtipantstntt. 

Titk Index to tbr First Volume of the Third Serifs will b>' issued 
with next Saturday's ** N. & Q." 

The late Provost was a frequent contributor to our 



Eton a. Certainly, 
columns. 



sk. If V have compared Mr. C. Edmonds's version of the Sapphic 
inted at p. 33 of 'The Poetry of the Anti-Jacobin, edit. «S5«, with 



J. S. B. Thnre is no charge for the insertion o/ Queries or of 1 
wanted. We should have thought it unnecessary to rvpeat thm in the 
thirteenth y< ur of*' N. &. Q.'s " < .ri*tence. 

Jay dee 

Ode pri 

the original in the Morning Chronicle ofJJec. II and 12, 1797, andjmd it i 
accurately copied. Distringer scans to be a coined word. Distringas is 
the correct legal term* 

** Notes akd Queries " is published at noon on Friday, and is also 
issued in Monthxy Parts. The Subscription for Stamped Const for 
Six Months forwarded direct from the Publisher* {Including the Half- 
yearly Index) is lis. \d. % which may be paid by Post Office Order in 
favour of Mkssr*. Bkll and Daldt, 186, Flirt Street, E.C.; So whom 
all Communications for the Editor should be addressed* 



ANCIENT and MODERN COINS, MEDALS, 
&c MR. C. R. TAYLOR, 2, Montagus Street, Russell Sqcarb, 

respectfully announces that he has an extensive Collection of the above 
articles for selection on moderate terms. Also fine Proofs and Pattern 
Pieces, Cabinets, Numismatic Books, &c 

Articles can be forwarded to any part of the Country for inspection. 
Coins, &c, bought or exchanged, ana every information given In reply 
to communications addressed as above. Attendance daily from 10 a.m. 



MIDDLESEX- Just Published. 









DOMESDAY BOOK. —A Literal Extension 
and ENGLISH TRANSLATION, with Indices of Placsi and 

Names, uniform with the Fac-simile of the Record photozracojrraphcd 
by Her Majesty's Command. MIDDLESEX, 8s. SURREY, lis. 
Imperial 4to, cloth boards. Other Counties in Preparation. 

VACHER & SONS, 29, Parliament Street, Westminster. 



Now ready, 18mo, coloured wrapper. Poet Free, id. 



GOUT AND RHEUMATISM. A new 

. by DR. LAVILLE of the Faculty of Medicine, Paris, ex- 
hibtttnjc a perfectly new, certain, and safe method of cure. Translated 
by an English Practitioner. 

London: FRAS. NEWBERY& SONS, 45, 8t. Paul's Church Yard. 



AN G 

\J work, 
hibiting a n< 









3^ S. II. July 12, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



ESTABLISHED 1812. 

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and METROPOLITAN COUNTIES 
AND ANNUITY SOCIETY. 



and LONDON, 

LIFE ASSURANCE 



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John Fisher, Esq. 

W. Freeman, Esq. 

Charles Frere, Esq. 

Henry P. Fuller. Esq. 

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James Hunt, Esq. 

John Leigh, Esq. 

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Bonamy Price, Esq., M.A. 

Jas. Lys Seager, Esq. 

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Actuary Arthur Scratchley, M.A. 

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To one dessertspoonful of Brown and Poison mixed with a wineglass- 
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MO RING, ENGRAVER and HERALDIC 
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41 



LONDON SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1862. 



<c 



CONTENTS— No. 29. 

NOTES : — Southwark or' St. George's Bar, 41 — James 
Lambert, 42 — Shakspeare Musie, lb. — William Mee, 43. 

Minok Notes: — Metrical Date — Manners and Customs 
of the English — Discoveries near Winchester Cathedral — 
The Name Latimer — Dr. Edward Jenner — MSS. of Sir 
Kenelm Digby, 44. 

QUERIES : — Anonymc is — Bibliographical — Cardinals' 
Hats: Lawn Sleeves- Churches dedicated to the Holy 
Ghost — A Cheap- Jack ?uzzle — Dudley of Westmoreland 
— Execution of Que' a Mary— Errors of both Churches — 
Gascoigne Family — German Ballad — Herodotus — Hinch- 
cliffe — Esther Inglis — Joan of Arc — " My Book " — Pro- 
fessors' Lectures — Portraits of the Queens of France — 

Queen Margaret's Black Rood — Quotations — Sir 

Swinton :— The Thames — Wild Cattle — Wolfe Tone's 
Philosophical and Political History of Ireland," 45. 

Queries with Answers: —Cy try ne in Chaucer — Sacred 
PJants and Flowers — Forfeited Estates, Ireland (temp. 
William III.) — Hymn in Praise of St. Macartin, 48, 

REPLIES: — Paulson: "Cut Boldly," 49 — "Pole Fair," at 
Corby (Northamptonshire), lb. — The Town Library of 
Leicester, 50 — De Coster, the Waterloo Guide, 51 — Nevi- 
son the Freebooter — Shakes — Michael Scott's Writings 
on Astronomy — Etymology of Mess — Arms of the King- 
dom of Leon — Hymn at Epworth — Bais Brigg — " Coeur 
Vaillant " — The Marrow Controversy — Epithalamium on 
Her Majesty's Marriage — Cole of Scarborough, Works — 
Baron — Relative Value of Money — Parodies on Gray's 
Elegy — Pope's Epitaph on the Digbys — Lines on Pitt — 
Toads in Rocks — Epitaph — Baron of the Exchequer — 
" Durance vile " — Church used by Churchmen and Roman 
Catholics — Moneyers' Weights — Gheast Family, &c, 52. 

Notes on Books, &c. 



SOUTHWARK, OR ST. GEORGE'S BAR. 

In the third of Edward III., Roesia de Bur- 
ford died seized of ten cottages at " Southwark 
Bar." 

And by an inquisition on the death of Humphrey, 
Duke of Buckingham, in 1460, it was found that 
he died possessed of an inn and seven cottages 
annexed, " near St. George's Bar." — Inq. P. M. 
38 & 39 Henry VI. 

The entry of the emperor, Charles V., accom- 
panied by King Henry VIII., into London, in 
a.d. 1522, was conducted with great magnificence. 
About a mile from " St. George's Bar " was 
erected a tent of cloth of gold, where the royal 
personages reposed themselves whilst the heralds 
marshalled the procession. 

Where was this Bar, and what was its object 
and use ? I conjecture that it was like Temple 
Bar, Holborn Bar, and Smithfield Bar, at some 
distance beyond the City Gates, so as to embrace j 
the suburb, and that its object was to collect toll 
of provisions and merchandise coming to the City 



or Borough. 



In the reign of King Edward III., the Earl of 
Warren and Surrey is recorded (in placita de 
Quo Warranto), to have had the third part of all 
toll in the towns of Guildford and Southwark, 

however arising; the king being entitled to the ucut oucct, wu^rc iuc 
other two-third parts ; and the king s bailiffs and 1 on the road from Kent. 



the bailiffs of the Earl had a certain CGmmon box 
(pixis) in the town of Guildford, and another 
box in the town of Southwark, in which they 
were accustomed to collect the toll from time 
immemorial ; and the boxes were always in the 
custody of the king's bailiffs, and the keys in the 
custody of the earl's bailiffs ; and both bailiffs, 
at the same time and together, opened the boxes, 
and then two parts of the money collected re- 
mained to the king and the third part to the earl. 
In 29th Henry VI., Sir Roland Lenthall was 
found, by inquisition, to have been seised at the 
time of his death, in right of his wife, Margaret, 
one of the sisters and heirs of Thomas, late Earl 
of Arundel, of the third part of a third part of 
the tolls and customs in the town of Southwark, 
and of a third part of certain rents of assize re- 
ceivable from divers lands in Southwark, and of 
a third part of one tenement, one acre of land, 
and one acre of meadow, in Southwark and Cam- 
berwell. Edmund Lenthall, son of Roland, dying 
without lineal issue, the shares in these tolls and 
hereditaments, which had descended to him from 
his mother, went to his cousins and heirs-at-law, 
John Duke of Norfolk and George Nevill (after- 
wards Earl of Abergavenny) who held the shares 
which had belonged to the other two sisters of the 
Earl of Arundel. John Mowbray, Duke of 
Norfolk, being grandson of Elizabeth, Duchess of 
Norfolk, one of the sisters, and George Nevill, 
being great grandson of Joan, Lady Abergavenny, 
the third sister of Thomas, Earl of Arundel. 
(Archceologia, vol. xxxviii. p. 38, ct seq.) 

At the end of Kent Street, just beyond the 
Bull Inn, and on the south side of the street, 
there is a long strip of ground, containing about 
an acre, now built on and forming part of Buck- 
enham Street and Square, which was called "The 
Toll Acre," and is now the property of J. E. W. 
Rolls, Esq. 

I have not been able to learn whether this Toll 
Acre is the identical acre of land in Southwark 
which belonged to the Duke of Norfolk and the 
Earl of Abergavenny ; but if I am right in con- 
necting " the Bar " with the ancient tolls which 
belonged to those noble families, the Toll Acre 
in Kent Street probably marks the position of 
" Southwark Bar," which was evidently in the 
parish of St. George, as I take it, that " South- 
wark Bar " and " St. George's Bar" are identical. 
The Toll Acre is wholly within the parish of St. 
George and the borough of Southwark, which 
extends half a mile further, along both sides of 
the Kent Road, as far as the sewer (supposed to 
be Canute's trench) a little westward of the Al- 
bany Road ; where was " St. Thomas a Watering," 
but that was in the fields ; and it seems to me 
more likely that " the bar " was at the end of 
Kent Street, where the town actually commenced. 



42 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'* S. II. July 19, '62. 



Southwark Bar might, however, have been at 
the end of Blackman Street, since called Stone's 
End, being the entrance to London from Surrey 
and Sussex. 

When, and by what authority, were those local 
tolls on provisions and merchandize abolished ? I 
ought perhaps to know, but I do not ; and I shall 
be much obliged to some better informed legal 
antiquary who will inform me when and how they 
were got rid of. 

I believe a somewhat similar imposition existed 
until recently in France, and was called " Octroi." 
Was that toll collected at the entrance of French 
towns, for the benefit of individual lords by 
ancient right, or for municipal purposes ? 

Geo. R. Corner. 



JAMES LAMBERT. 

The author of Critical Remarks, &c, who gives 
the notice of " Ling Bob," supplies also a curious 
note about the above personage, of whom I have 
heard something in my youth. He was not, I be- 
lieve, a professed astrologer, but had acquired 
a reputation for prophesying, &c. I will give 
the heading as it stands in the work before me, 
but the remainder I must condense, as it is of 
some length. The author no doubt speaks of the 
time his work was published, 1794: 

"James Lambert. 

The miraculous Prophecy of James Lambert, now living 
at Leeds, in Yorkshire, to the Rev. Nathan bowling, an 
American Clergyman (now in London) by whom it was 
communicated to the Editor last Month." 

The author then goes on to state, that Mr. 
Dowling having come, in the year 1770, from 
Philadelphia, had to visit Leeds, and was one 
evening in company with a party of ladies and 
gentlemen. The conversation turned upon the 
possibility of any person foretelling future events. 
Mr. Dowling, it appears, was the only sceptic in 
company, and they ultimately offered to intro- 
duce him to Mr. Lambert, who had been long 
famed in the neighbourhood for his prophetic 
powers. 

The visit was paid next day, when he found 
that Mr. Lambert was quite prepared to receive 
him, although the company positively asserted 
that they had given no intimation of the visit. 
Mi\ Dowling declared his errand, and asked for 
an immediate proof of the " Seer's supernatural 
powers." Lambert without hesitation declared 
that he had hastened home expecting company, 
and appealed to a boy who had been with him in 

firoof it. He then proceeded : " In my first sleep 
ast night, I saw a middle-aged man, with a band 
on, sailing across the great waters, from towards 
the setting of the sun, to consult me ; and you are 
the man.* Mr. Dowling then said, "Do you 
know my name P " To which Lambert replied : 



44 No, I do not; but you are a minister, and have 
come from abroad, where they talk English^ and 
you have finished all your affairs (save one), and 
are desirous to return home." Mr. Dowling asked 
him if he could tell him anything more, and he 
told him of a deep scar that he had on the top 
of his head, which Dowling knew that it was im- 
possible anybody could know anything about in 
Leeds, as it was covered with a peruke. Lam- 
bert then said, 44 I saw a young child lying on 
its mother's lap, its head covered with blood ; 
but I then saw a lone house, two coffins, and 
neither wife nor child." This incident came home 
to a domestic afiliction of Dowling' s, who had his 
only child killed by the kick of a horse, and his 
wife died two years after." He afterwards spoke to 
Lambert about public affairs. He told him in 
reply that his country, a long way off, would 4C be 
overrun with soldiers;" that a great man should 
arise who " would be a king and no king " (this 
the editor supposes to be Washington), and that 
all these events would happen "perhaps to his 
(Dowling's) cost." Dowling then spoke to him, 
hoping that he used no diabolical arts. Lambert 
assured him that he did not, and the only account 
he could give was this 

" That the shapes and shadows of things came into his 
mind, sometimes sleeping and sometimes waking, and 
that it had been so with him as long as he could remem- 
ber ; that sometimes he had his foresight, but at other 
times no more than other people." 

Is anything known of this seer, who seems from 

Mr. 



this account to have had a large reputation? 
Dowling, as well as the narrator, seems to 



have 



attention to the words, " perhaps to his cost," 
stating that Dowling lost all he had in the Ameri- 
can War. T. 13. 



SHAKSPEARE MUSIC. 






Amongst the various tributes to Shakspeare, 
there seems to be no reason why, some day, an 
uniform collection of all the music composed to his 
poetry should not be one ; and I am not without 
the hope that these little papers may give a grain 
of help to the collector when he comes. In such 
a work as I look forward to, everything should 
be reproduced in its original form, whether that 
be the full score, or the simple air with its base : 
only, for the sake of easier perusal, replacing any 
notation now obsolete, or nearly so, by that in 
modern use. As copyrights would prevent the 
collector from proceeding beyond a certain point, 
he should note down at the end of his collection 
whatever he may know concerning the Shak- 
spearian settings of his own time, as a help to his 



successor. 






Amongst those compositions to words by Shak- 






luid a taste for the marvellous. The latter draws I 






3'<» S. L 25G. 






o 
O 



rd S. II. July 19, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



43 



speare, which I believe everybody is supposed to 
know, must certainly be reckoned "The Load- 
stars," by Mr. Shield ; the duet, " I know a bank," 
by Mr. C. Horn ; and the " Witches' Glee," by 
Mr. M. P. King. Each of these compositions has 
its comparatively little- known musical double. 

Mr. Shield's glee, called " The Loadstars," is a 
three-part setting of the following lines in a speech 
for Helena, Midsummer NigMs Dream, Act I. 

Sc. 1 : 

" O happy fair ! 

Your eyes are loadstars, and your tongue's sweet air 

More tunable than lark to shepherd's ear, 

When wheat is green, when hawthorn buds appear." 

These same lines will be found agreeably set as 
a song for Helena in J. C. Smith's Fairies, with 
the slight change of §< O, happy fair," into 

" 0, Hermia, happy fair ! " 



This song has 
more lines of the 
Shield : 



a second movement for two 
same speech, not used by Mr. 



" O teach me how you look ; and with what art, 
You sway the motion of your lover's * heart ? " 

I do not know whether it has ever been re* 
marked in print, but I have had it pointed out to 
me, that Mr. Shield does not seem in this case 
to have read the words correctly : for he has 
brought the first strain of his music to a full close 
at the words, 

" And your tongue's sweet air " 

an error which is avoided in Mr. Smith's setting. 

The musical double of Mr. Horn's very fa- 
vourite duet — "I know a bank " (Midsummer 
Night's Dream, Act IT. Sc. 2,) — is to be found in 
a pleasing setting of the words as a soprano solo 
by Mr. John Percy, the composer of " Wapping 
Old Stairs." Mr. Percy's work has the attraction 
of a flute accompaniment superadded to that for 
the pianoforte. 

Mr. M. P. King's three-part glee from Macbeth, 
"When shall we three meet again," is so 
thoroughly known, that it only needs to be named ; 
but it is not so much known that, in one of Mr. 
Samuel Webbe's vocal collections, there is an- 
other " When shall we three," &c, written for the 
very unusual combination of three bases ; or, 
more strictly speaking, two baritones and a base, 
the third voice descending to the double E flat. 
Mr. Webbe, in this composition, after taking the 
voices up to the point at which Mr. King has 
closed his glee, the words 

" That will be ere set of sun," 
proceeds to the question and answers : - 

u Where the place?— Upon the heath! 
There we go to meet Macbeth." 

The second line, it will be perceived, is altered 



from the original ; and then follows another move- 
ment to these words, altered from part of Hecate's 
speech in the Third Act : 

" There we'll perform such magic rites, 
And raise such artilicial sprights, 
As by the force of their illusion, 
Shall draw him on to his confusion." 

The glee is then closed with these two lines, 
which are alterations from the incantation scene, 
opening the Fourth Act of Macbeth : 

" We'll double, double, toil and trouble, 
And make our hell-broth boil and bubble." 

Mr. Webbe's glee is in the key of C minor ; 
and, perhaps, with its low sombre tone, would be 
felt, if it were really well performed, to be more 
properly Shakspearian in its style of treatment 
than the very popular lighter work of Mr. King. 

Alfred Roffe. 

Somers Town. 



The words, "your lover V are a substitution for the 



name "Demetrius" in the original. 



WILLIAM MEE. 

The subjoined paragraph, from the Lough" 
borough Monitor of June 5 th, relates to a person 
who has recently been the subject of inquiry in 
" N. & Q," 2 nd S. xii. 189, 238, 299 : 

" Death of Mr. W. Mee. — On the 29th ult. at the 
Union House, Shardlow, died Mr. Wm. Mee, for some 
time a correspondent to the Loughborough Monitor, aged 
74. He was born at Kegworth ; and on attaining his 
majority, received a good fortune in hard cash. He soon 
afterwards went to London, where he resided some years. 
About the year 1820 he returned to Kegworth ; but, 
being of somewhat eccentric character, he could never 
betake himself to a steady occupation. He was the author 
of the song 'Alice Gray,' which, being set to music with 
his concurrence, became so great a favourite with the 
public. He frequently about this time wrote poetry, 
which appeared in The Thrasher, and other periodicals, 
under the assumed name of Richard Sparkle. ' Winter,' 
'The Rose Bud,' ' Flaccus,' and other pieces were thus 
brought out. His easily besetting sin was a love for 
strong ale, of which, in the days of his affluence, he 
allowed himself, to use his own words, six tankards 
a-day, and seven on a Sunday : one of his best odes being 
the 'Goblet,' written in its praise. For many years he 
has presented a not very comfortable appearance, though 
for some years before finally entering the Union he was 
allowed a maintenance by a few friends who admired his 
genius, while they regretted his weakness; but, unfor- 
tunately, he generally contrived to forestall it in some 
way. It is certainly, however, due to him to say, that 
since the allowance spoken of he has shown a decided 
improvement in his personal appearance, and, no doubt, 
felt an equally great improvement in his private com- 
fort. Up to the time of his retirement, he was letter 
writer in ordinary to the parish, correspondent to the 
Loughborough Monitor, painter of public signboards, and, 
we believe, something of a legal adviser. We copy, as a 
specimen of his style, the following verses of his, which 
appeared in The Thrasher, about 1825 : — 

4 WEEP NOT FOR ME. 

' Ah ! why shouldst thou grieve or at fortune repine, 
While beauty, sweet Laura, and youth are thine own ? 
Thou shalt find other bosoms as tender as mine 
To hang on thy smile, love, and sigh at thy frown. 



44 



OTES AND QUERIES 



July 



If the landscape be lost in the evening shade, 
The sunbeams retaining shall gild it anew. 

If the flower thou hast cherish 'd should wither or fade, 
Why sigh o'er its 1098 ? There are more where it grew. 

For me let no stone idly tell of the past, 

Or seek to gloss over my uselessness here ; 
I covet no sign but the sigh of the blast — 

Save the light dew of heaven I seek not a tear. 
My spirit, if conscious of pleasure or woe, 

As allied to that earth where t'was once doomed to 
dwell, 
Could joy not in tracing a cloud on thy brow; 

Thy cheek bright and blooming would please me as 

welL 

Regret not the moment that "cannot return ; 

Improve thy brief daj r ere in darkness it set, 
And a lesson of wisdom thou haply may'st learn — 

The secret of happiness is, to forget. 
But if thine affection would fruitlessly mark 

The spot where I sleep 'neath the sycamore tree, 
Be my name, to content thee, engraved on its bark, 

And thus write my epitaph, Weep not for Mee.'" 

Henry Moody. 




mar jtataf* 

* 

Metrical Date. — I send you a curious ex- 
ample of a date comprised in a Latin hexameter 
inscribed over the tomb of William Newnton, 
Abbot of Pershore, in Worcestershire, in the 
abbey church of that place. 

Are similar ingenious arrangements common ? 

u M. C. bis binos triplex et addere quarto (1434) 
Anno Willmus dm Newnton fecit Abbas. 



« H. VI. A° xii. 



W. N. Ao xxil" 



The inscription, carved on a wood tablet, is 
much more recent than the altar-tomb with re- 
cumbent figure. Eden Warwick. 

Birmingham. 

Manners and Customs of the English. — In 
2 nd S. v. 16, I quoted Smollett's Letters in proof 
of some objectionable habits, in which only the 
English indulged at the dinner-table in 1765. I 
lately met with a volume of letters, purporting to 
be written by a foreigner, and entitled, Novelties 
of a Year and a Day, by Figaro, London, 12mo, 
pp. 222. It has no date on the title-page, but 
the last letter is dated London, May 28, 1785 : 

" The English differ from the French more essentially 
in their manners at table, than the Spaniards do from 
the Germans. It is some time before an Englishman can 
be reconciled to the appearance of a French table, where 
the company have napkins fastened np to their chins, in 
order to prevent the different sauces besmearing their 
clothes. A Frenchman, from the habit of wiping his 
mouth at every two or three mouthfuls, finds himself 
uncomfortable and maladroit at an English table, where 
no napkins are made use of. He is equally disgusted at 
the idea of wiping his mouth on a table cloth which 
might have been made use of by another person, as at 

drinking out of the same glass. 

44 The English make use of their knives and forks at 
table \ the French eat with their forks only, having pre- 



viously cut up their victuals in small morsels. The English 
condemn the French for a disgusting habit of picking 
their teeth after dinner with a sharp' pointed knife or 
fork ; and the French accuse the English of making use of 
a pick-tooth before the rest of the company have finished 
their repast." — P. 211. ^ 

Aw Ihner Templar. 

Discoveries hear Winchester Cathedral. 
Interesting discoveries have recently been made 
during some alterations now being effected on 
the premises of one of the prebendal houses at 
the west end of Winchester Cathedral. These 
consist of an extensive crypt or charnel-house, 
once vaulted (or intended to be vaulted) with 
stone ; as a springing-stone of the same, still left 
in the N.E. corner, indicates. This is no doubt 
the building of which Milner the historian speaks 
in his famous History of Winchester. The en- 
trance and steps leading down to this crypt have 
also come to light. In it lies a stratum of bones, 
seven or eight feet deep, and covered over only 
with soil eighteen inches deep. Close by too, 
east side, were also found six graves or coffins 
made of blocks of hewn chalk, one above another, 
in three tiers at least (for the lower one found was 
still left) and close together ; so that the side of 
the one formed the side of another. Unfor- 
tunately, no antiquary was summoned to the 
spot, and so the ignorant workmen knocked them 
to pieces, and worked the blocks into the base of 
a new wall. One block, however, was shown to 
me as a specimen. This was of the uniform thick- 
ness of 3£ inches, 11 inches wide, and 1 foot 
1 inch long ; very white, hard, apparently chopped 
smooth, with traces of mortar on one surface. 
More were also seen to the south of the excava- 
tion made. The bones within were reported to 
have been very long and large, and the teeth, 
with one exception, perfect. I was told that 
these were all interred again by the sides of the 
new wall. Have we not here a clue to the old 



Celtic name of Winchester 
white city"? 



Caer Gwent, H the 

A. V. W. 



The Name Latimer. — It is a curious fact that 
the name of the great reformer should mean u an 
interpreter " or " dragoman." It is a corruption 
of Latiner, which had this meaning from Latin 
being: considered the language par excellence. 

Dr. Edward Jenner. — One great advantage 
of " N. & Q." is, that in future times it will be a 
repertory to which antiquaries and others may 
refer for enlightenment upon subjects veiled in 
obscurity, or otherwise hastening to oblivion. 
Even in the endeavour to record passing events, 
errors will now and then glide in, and the lovers 
of accuracy will readily excuse any amicable 
attempt to rectify them. In Haydn's Dictionary 
of Dates, 10th edition, 1861, the last of three im- 
pressions which have appeared since the death of 



3 rd S. II. July 19, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



45 



that worthy man, at page 687, it is stated that the 
monument by Marshall to that greatest of philan- 
thropists, Dr. Edward Jenner, was inaugurated 
by a splendid oration from the Prince Consort on 
September 17, 1858 ; this is a mistake, and which 
has been copied in your publication (3 rd S. i. 498) ; 
it was on Monday, May 17, 1858, that the cere- 
mony of dedicating the statue, then placed in 
Trafalgar Square,_took place. Emendo. 

MSS. of Sir Kenelm Digby. — Being en- 
gaged a few days since in the Bibliotheque of 
Ste. Genevieve, I discovered an English MS. in a 
good state of preservation, which I believe to be 
the original holograph copy of the two treatises 
of Sir Kenelm Digby on " The Nature of Bodies" 
and " On the Immortality of the Soul." The MS. 
has been amended and corrected by the author, 
and is prefaced by a letter, in which the work is 
dedicated to his son. The letter is dated Paris, 
August 1, 1644, which it may be remembered was 
the year following Sir Kenelins release from 
Winchelsea House, where he had been placed 
under confinement by order of the Parliament. 
As I am not aware that the fact of the MS. being 
preserved in the Bibliotheque is generally known, 
its publicity may be of interest to those curious 
in such matters. John G. Fothingham. 

43, Rue St. Georges, Paris. 



Anonymous. — Who wrote a novel called The 
Inquisition, 2 vols. 12mo, about 1790? S. 

Bibliographical. — I have vainly consulted 
Bohn's new edition of Lowndes's Manual, and 
other bibliographical works, for some notice of the 
following poem, in folio, pp. 14 : " The Impertinent; 
or a Visit to the Court. A Satyr, by Mr. Pope. 
The third edition. London, for E. Hill. 1737." 
Some information respecting it would oblige. 

I also wish to learn the authorship of " The 
Levellers; or Satan's Privy Council. A Pasquinade, 
in three cantos. The author, Hugh Hudibras, Esq. 
Printed by W. Browne (for the author) 1793," 
4to, pp. 26. J. Austin Harper. 

Hulme. 

Cardinals' Hats : Lawn Sleeves. 

" Your venal Peers address and vote ; 
The Commons echo every note, 

Yet talk of public good ; 
That stall-fed Bench, a trusty corps, 
Since you have no red hats in store. 

Would dye their lawn in blood." 

Fitzpatrick (about 1777). ( N. F. 
H.for Wit, vol. ii. p. 103.) 

When did the Roman cardinals first adopt the 
red hat, and what was its origin ? I do not think 
it made any part of the dresses used in the pagan 
worship, from which, as is well known, many of 



the Christian vestments are derived. In particu- 
lar, the linen surplice, and the circular tonsure 
were imported from idolatrous Egypt 

" Qui grege linigero circumdatus, et grege calvo 
Plangentis populi, currit derisor Anubis." 

Juv. Sat. vi. 533. 

Gibbon says : " The tonsure was a sacred em- 
blem — it was the crown of thorns ; but it was also 
a royal diadem, and every priest was a king." 
That might be in the Christian acceptation ; but, 
among the Pagans, it was designed to represent 
the solar disk. 

What was the date and origin of the lawn 
sleeves worn by the English bishops ? W. D. 

Churches dedicated to the Holt Ghost. 
I have seen it stated that there are but two, or, 
at the most, three churches to be found in this 
country, dedicated to the Third Person in the 
Trinity : a chapel of the Holy Ghost in Basing- 
stoke, Hants, being one ; another, I think, 
Devon; and a third in Warwickshire. 

"N. & 



Q. 



give instances of 



in 
Can any 
correspondent of 
others they may be acquainted with so dedicated ? 
Those dedicated to the Trinity are very numerous, 
the computed proportion being one in every five. 

F. Phillott. 

A Cheap- Jack Puzzle. — I write to ask if you, 
or any of your readers, can explain the meaning 
of the following. Anybody who was at the Derby, 
Ascot, or Hampton races, must have seen people 
respectably dressed, standing in carts, addressing 
a crowd, and giving them gold (?) chains and 
other valuables. One in particular was a nigger, 
dressed as a footman. He held out a long watch- 
chain, well made, and looking like gold, saying : 
" This chain is worth 201., upon my honour. I 
have been offered that amount in the City ; but 
no, I would not let them have it, I was deter- 
mined to bring it here and sell it to you for 
what do you think ? — one shilling ! " &c, &c. 

Well, I bought the chain. Out came another, 
and he sold it to a friend of mine ; and about a 
dozen others he sold, each for a shilling. He then 
said : " Those who bought the chains, please hold 
them up." We all held them up, and then he 
gave us a ring of the same metal. " But," he 
continued, " I don't want your money," — and gave 
us each back one shilling. 

He did the same, soon afterwards, with brooches. 
At last he said : " Will anybody give me 2s. for 
this half-crown?"- Of course, he got a florin 
directly. The same florin he gave to another for 
Is. 6d. ; returned the Is. 6d. to another for Is. ; 
and finally, received Sd. for 6d., which he threw 
amongst the crowd. I watched him the greater 
part of the day, but could not make out what he 
gained by it. There were at the Derby two or 
three other men like him. I have my chain and 
ring now, the workmanship of both is good ; and 



46 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3' d S. IL July 19, '62. 



shilling it is. 
am not 



shilling, and yet he cave 



I have the shilling he gave me back, and a good 

I enclose my card, to show you I 
A Young Man from the Country. 

P.S. I do not mean to say the articles were 
gold ; but whatever they were made of, they were 
certainly worth one 
that back. 

Dudley of Westmoreland. — Thomas Sutton, 
alias Dudley, by Sarah, daughter and coheir of 
Launcelot Threlkeld, Esq., had issue a second son, 
Thomas Dudley, Esq., of Stoke Newington. What 
other issue had he ? H. S. 6. 

Execution of Queen Mary. — It is stated by 
Mr. Tytler (Hist, of Scotland) that when the news 
of this event arrived in Scotland, Francis Stewart, 
Earl of Bothwell, appeared at court in a coat 
of armour, saying that this was the proper " dule 
weed" for the occasion. What authority is there 
for the incident mentioned ? Tytler gives no re- 
ference. N. C. 

Errors of both Churches. — In Mr. J. H. 
Burton's amusing work, The Book-Hunter. I find 
the following passage (p. 125) : 

" In the perusal of a very solid book on the progress 
of the ecclesiastical differences of Ireland, written by a 
native of that country, after a good deal of tedious mat- 
ter, the reader's complacency is restored by an artless 
statement, how an eminent person * abandoned the errors 
of the Church of Home, and adopted those of the Church 
of England.' " 

Who was the eminent man in question ? And 
did he plagiarise the speech of Pope, who is re- 
ported to have used almost the same words on his 
death-bed ? Or, vice versa ? 

Lionel G. Robinson. 

Gascoigne Family. — Information required re- 
specting that branch of the family settled at Par- 
lington, co. York. More particularly of Sir John 
Gascoigne, who died in 1723. Also, of his son 
John, living in 1712, brother to Sir Edw. Gas- 
coigne of Parlington, who died in 1750. The elder 
John did not assume the title, for what reason is 
not known. G. F. 

German Ballad. — Can any of your German 
correspondents tell who is the author of the ballad 
commencing : " Es ritten drei Reiter zum Thor' 



hinaus," &c. ? 



II. G. B. 



Herodotus. — About the year 1695-96, Addi- 
son, Boyle, Blackmore, Adams, Dr. Hannes, and 
Dr. Gibbons, proposed a translation of Herodotus. 
Addison was to be the manager, and Tonson the 
publisher. Addison actually completed the Polym- 
nia, and, as it would seem, the Urania also. The 
first appears to have been lost on the road from 
Oxford to London, through the negligence of a 
carrier. My object in writing this, is to inquire 
whether the Urania still exists in MS., and 
whether traces of the lost book have ever been 



discovered. Did Littlebury (whose version ap- 
peared in 1709) profit by the labours of these 
scholars ? 

In 1824 an anonymous translation of Herodotus 
appeared at Oxford, in two volumes. Who was 
the translator? J. C. L^dsay. 

St. Paul, Minnesota. 

HntcHCLTFFE. — In the clothing districts of the 
West Riding of York, there are many families of 
the name of Hinchlifie, or Hinchclifie. I believe 
those of the name in other parts of England have 
emanated from that locality. I find, respecting 
Darfield, that the living was augmented by 200/. 
by John Hinchclifie, M.D., in 1769 ; and 200/. by 
the Bishop of Peterborough (I believe, Dr. 
Hinchclifie). At Wombell, a township in Dar- 
field parish, the town land, fifteen acres, was given 
by William Hinchclifie in 1443 for the general 
weal of the inhabitants. 

Can you, or any of your numerous correspon- 
dents, give any information respecting the John 
Hinchclifie, M.D. ; the birth-place and career of 
Bishop Hinchclifie ; their relationship, if any ; 
whether they left any family ? Also, what is 
known respecting the William Hinchclifie, who 
gave the land at Wombell in 1443, it being the 
oldest gift or bequest that has come under my 
observation ? From its antiquity, it is singular 
that it should have survived the Reformation, as 
bequests were at that period made to the religious 
houses for distribution. C. Wood. 

Esther Inglis. — Can the date of death and 
place of interment of this lady, wife of Mr. Bar- 
tholomew Kello of Edinburgh, be ascertained? 
Ballard, in his Memoirs of Learned Ladies, states 
that he was unable to discover these particulars. 
Some account of her appears in the Proceedings of 
the Society of Antiquaries just issued. She was 
born in France in 1571, and a specimen of her 
beautiful handwriting, executed at the age of 
fifty-three, in which she speaks of her " tottering 
right hand," is the latest trace of her. Her son 
became rector of Spexhall, Suffolk. 

Job J. Bard well Workard, M.A. 



Joan 



Arc. 



of arc. — Has the attempt ever been 
made to prove that Joan of Arc was never in 
reality executed, by reference to certain French 
registers of 1436, where she is spoken of, not only 
as being still living, but as having married Sir 
Robert des Hermoises, and in 1439 receiving a 
present from the city of Orleans ? Her execution 
is said to have taken place in 1431. E. E. 

" My Book." — Who was the author of a volume 
called My Book, by Aaron Philomirth, Liver- 
pool, 1821, 12mo? Zeta. 

Professors* Lectures. — The following was 
copied several years ago from an article on Ger- 



3' d S. II. July 19, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



47 



man History in the Quarterly Review, but the 
volume and page were not put down : 

"One of their popular novelists says: 'A professor 
always teaches that which is incontrovertible. When he 
lias drawn up a syllabus of his lectures, he thinks he has 
written a book, though it is as temporary as a bill of 
fare at an eating-house, varying from day to day, and 
thrown under the table as soon as a new cook comes. 1 " 

I shall be obliged by a reference to the article 
in the Quarterly, and still more by one to the 
novel. T. G. 



Portraits of the Queens of France. 



Can 



tiny one kindly help me in the following difficulty ? 
Some months ago I purchased from a collector, 
who was disposing of surplus stock, a series of en- 
graved portraits of the Queens of France. I was 
told on purchasing them that they had been cut 
from a copy of Mezeray's Histoire de France. I 
very much wish to obtain the book whence they 
were taken ; on obtaining a copy of Mezeray, 
I find that it is not the book in question. I have 
consulted booksellers and printsellers in vain, and 
I turn to u N. & Q." The portraits are of quarto 
size. They commence with Clothilde, and end with 
Louise of Lorraine, Queen of Henri III., who died 
in 1601 ; and, to judge from spelling and appear- 
ance, I should certainly think they could not be of 
much later date. On the backs of these engravings 
is printed text, which seems to consist of short me- 
moirs of each queen. The name of each queen is 
printed in a tablet beneath the figure, which in 
nearly all cases is half-length. There aresimilar sets 
of portraits of the kings and the dauphins, taken, 
as I imagine, from the same book. I enclose a du- 
plicate for the Editors inspection, purchased in a 
lot from a bookseller, who cannot help me in my 
perplexity. I hope some learned bibliophilist can 
kindly assist me, or I shall be reduced to the fear- 
ful alternative suggested by one of our most cele- 
brated publishers of old English literature — 
namely, a search in all the French historical works 
in the British Museum. Hermentrude. 



Queen Margaret's Black Rood. 
the last authentic notice of this relic of 
garet of Scotland ? 



What is 
St. Mar- 

N. C. 



Quotations. —Who is the author of the fol- 
lowing lines ? 

"Through the age3 one increasing purpose runs, 

And the thoughts of men are widen'd with the process 
of the suns; 

Knowledge comes, but wisdom lingers, and I linger on 
the shore, 

And the individual withers, and the world is more and 



more. 



Alfred John Trix. 

I shall be glad to be informed whence the 
following quotation is taken: it is found under 
an engraving in the second volume of Burtons 
Anatomy of Melancholy, ninth and eleventh edi- 
tions, 1800 and 1806. The quotation is certainly 



not in either of the volumes. Who was Brewer, 
whose name is given as the author of the lines ? 

" Dull Melancholy! 
Whose drossy thoughts, drying the feeble brain, 
Corrupts the sense, deludes the intellect, 
And in the soul's fair table falsely graves 
Whole squadrons of fantastical chimeras." — Brewer. 

Thomas H. Cromek. 
Who is 

" He who sings 
That men may rise on stepping-stones 
Of their dead selves to higher things," 



m 



referred to in Stanza I. of the first lay in xenny- 
son's In Memoriam ? . K. 

" Only th' horizon bounds that desert plain, 
Where silence, thirst and death, uninterrupted reign." 

Ducie. 

I find the above in a common-place book con- 
taining much interesting matter, but with few 
precise references. 

I shall be glad to know who Ducie was and 
what he wrote. T. G. 



Sir 



Swinton. — In "N. & Q./' 2 nd S. x. 



288, I asked what was the true Christian name of 

a Sir Swinton, who commanded a company 

of men at arms at the battle of Bauge in 1421, 
Hume, Sir James Macintosh, and Sir Walter 
Scott having respectively given him a different 
one. This Query elicited the two interesting 
notes of Meletes, the one on the following p. 394, 
in which the conclusion is, that " the show of au- 
thorities is in favour of John ; " but that the ques- 
tion is still an open one ; and the other in the 
succeeding volume, p. 133. 

The name of the gallant knight has lately been 
recalled to my mind on reperusing a note of Sir 
Walter Scott to Jedediah Cleishbotham's Prole- 
gomenon to the Heart of Midlothian, in the Edinb. 
12mo. edit, of % 1830, of the Waverley Novels, 
pp. 157-161, in which, after tracing his own de- 
scent from Sir William Scott of Harden, through 
that knight's third son, Walter Scott of Raeburn, 
who was the authors great-grandfather, and who, 
with his wife, "had conformed to the Quaker 
tenets," Sir Walter says : 

" There is yet another link betwixt the author and the 
simple-minded and excellent Society of Friends, through 
a proselyte of much more importance than Walter Scott 
of Raeburn. The celebrated John Swinton of Swinton, 
19th baron in descent of that ancient and once powerful 
famil}% was, with Sir William Lockhart of Lee, the per- 
son whom Cromwell chiefly trusted in the management 
of the Scottish affairs during his usurpation. After the 
Restoration, Swinton was devoted as a victim to the new 
order of things, and was brought down in the same vessel 
which conveyed the Marquis of Arg} T le to Edinburgh, 
where that nobleman was tried and executed. Swinton 
was destined to the same fate. He had assumed the 
habit and entered into the Society of Quakers, and ap- 
peared as one of their number before the Parliament of 

Scotland Jean Swinton, granddaughter of Sir 

John Swinton, son of Judge Swinton, as the Quaker was 



48 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8* S. II. July 19, '62. 



usually termed, was mother of Anne Rutherford, the 

author s motiier" 

The probability seems to me to be strong, that 
this Judge Swinton, the Quaker, the great-great- 
grandfather of the mother of the author of the 
Waverley Novels, was either a lineal or a collate- 
ral descendant of the Sir John (if that was his 
name) Swinton who fought at Baugc in 1421. 
But can the descent be traced ? Eric. 

Ville Marie, Canada. 

The Thames. — A reference to the most reli- 
able authorities on the topography of the Thames, 
the fishing to be obtained in it, and the botany 
and flora along its course, will be esteemed a 
favour. Dbyas. Linn. Piscatoe. 

Wild Cattlb. — In Bewick's Quadrupeds 
(1792), in the article on " Wild Cattle," he alludes 
to descendants of the ancient wild cattle of the 
country being preserved at Chillingham Castle, 
Northumberland ; Lyme Hall, Cheshire ; Wolla- 
ton Hall, Notts; Chartley Castle, Staffordshire; 
and Gisburn Park, Yorkshire. Bewick speaks of 
those at Burton Constable in Yorkshire having 
been some time before carried off by distemper. 
In Whi taker's History of Craven, he describes those 
at Gisburn, and gives plates of them. He remarks 
that Gisburn, Chillingham, and Lyme were then 
(1805) the only places in South Britain where they 
were preserved. In this respect I believe the 
doctor was mistaken, as I am told they are yet at 
Chartley. Are they now at Wollaton or else- 
where? It may be worth a note in "N. & Q." 
that, as the last two or three of the Gisburn wild 
cattle showed no prospect of perpetuating the 
race, they were killed in 1859. The date when 
the last descendants of the inhabitants of our an- 
cient forests died off, at the places where they have 
been preserved, would not be without interest. 

Wm. Dobson. 

Preston. 

Wolfe Tone's 4i Philosophical and Political 
History of Ireland." — In the Dublin and Lon- 
don Magazine for 1827, p. 551, the following 
paragraph occurs : 

" The celebrated Theobald Wolfe Tone, while agent to 
the Catholic Committee, in 1794-5-6, compiled a •Philo- 
sophical and Political History of Ireland,' which was 

subsequently deposited among other valuable papers, in 
the 

when 

of this work, or of any of his father's papers : in the me- 
moir*, just published, he feelingly laments his loss. We 
are assured, however, that an Irish gentleman, once an 
exile, is now in possession of nearly all these curious 
documents; among the rest, the History alluded to. 
How he came by them we are not informed ; but we sup- 
pose he will not hesitate to lay them before the public." 

supply informa- 

AmmA. 



hands of Dr. Reynolds, of Philadelphia. " In 1807, 
w Tone's son visited America, he could find no trace 



Can any reader of " N. & Q. 
tion regarding this " History " ? 






teucvizii toiti) 3mftoenf. 

Cytrtnk in Chaucer. — What is the exact 
meaning of the word "cytryne" as used in the 
Canterbury Tales f The passage to which I allude 
is in the Knight's Tale commencing with line 
2158. In describing u the gret Emetreus" the 
poet says " his eyen were cy tryne." The Glossary 
to Urry's edition explains citrine to mean lemon 
or citron colour, from the Latin citrinus, but this 
is not sufficiently definite for my purpose. What 
colour did Chaucer intend the King's eyes to 
be? Was the prevailing hue to be yellow or 
green? What reasons or authorities are there 
for either opinion ? W. W. 

[ " Cy tryne," or "citrine," is undoubtedly rendered 
" lemon " or " yellow " in the Glossaries, and ** citrine 
ointment " still stands as the name of a yellow unguent, 
which, when properly made, resembles the well-known 
" golden ointment." It maj* be deemed strange that the 
poet should have given Emetreus yellow eyes ; but it was 
clearly the poet's intention to depict ** the kyng of Ynde" 
as a man of strange aspect. Witness the two following 
lines : — 

" A fewefreknes in his face y-spreynd, 
lietwixt yelwe and somdel blak y-meynd." 

A critical friend, however, who considers yellow eyes 
more out of the question than even yellow spectacles, 
suggests that the term citrine is intended to express form 
rather than colour. As we say almond- eyes, meaning 
long eyes of a peculiar form ; and again, gooseberry 
eyes, t. e. eyes round and protuberant ; so the poet, to 
describe elliptical or oval eyes, might say citrine eyes 
(equivalent to citron-eyes, or more probably lemon- 
eyes), referring to form only, not to colour. We hazard 
a third conjecture. In Romance, citrin sometimes stood 
for the colour which the French call roux (a reddish 
brown). Can Chaucer possibly have meant hazel eyes?] 

Sacred Plants and Flowers. — What are the 
best authorities on this subject? Is there an 
treatise on the sacred plants of the Greeks an 
Romans? or on those of the Celtic and Gothic 
races ? 

" folk lore/' are there any special books bearing 
on this subject? References to the botanical 
folk lore of any European country will be very 
acceptable. K. 

[Some notices of Floral Directories appeared in 
" N. & Q." 1" S. vi. 503 ; viii. 585 ; ix. 568 ; x. 108 ; 2 n <* 
S. v. 304 ; and for allusions to flowers and plants in our 
early English poets consult T7ie Romance of Natu c, by 
Miss Twamley, and Poet's Pleasaunce, by Eden Warwick, 
8vo, 1847.] 

Forfeited Estates, Ireland (temp. Wil- 
liam III.) — A report on this matter was delivered 
(Dec. 1699) to the House of Commons by four 
Commissioners: Francis Annesley, John Tren- 
chard, James Hamilton, Henry Langford. Those 
gentlemen were subsequently (1700) commended 
and rewarded by Parliament. Can some of your 
readers oblige me with biographical particulars 
(or indicate the sources from which I may gain 




Or amongst works on ancient or modern 





















8** S. II. July 19, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



49 



precise information), respecting them? Was a 
title afterwards bestowed upon any of the fore- 
going ? If so, of what kind ? In whose reign ? 
And° if possible, the date of bestowal ? Orant. 

[For particulars of Francis Annesley consult Lodge's 
Peerage, edit. 1789, v. 300, and passing notices of him in 
Swift's Works, by Scott, vols. iii. xvi. xix. His son 
William was created Viscount Glerawley, ancestor of the 
Earl of Annesley. See also Lodge's Peerage, iii. 8, for 
some account of James Hamilton, ob. 1701, whose son 
James was created Earl of Clanbrassill, ancestor of the 
Earl of Roden. Notices of Sir John Trenchard will be 
found in the Biographia Britannica, vol. vi. Supp. ed. 
1763-6, ,'also in the Biographical Dictionaries of Chal- 
mers and Rose. We have no note of Henry Langford.] 

Hymn in Praise of St. Macartin. — Patrick 

Culin, Bishop of Clogher, in the early part of the 

sixteenth century, composed a metrical hymn in 

praise of St. Macartin, the first Bishop of that 

See. Where can I see a copy of this hymn ? 

Aiken Irvine. 

Fivemiletown. 

[This hymn, according to Ware ( Works, i. 187, ed. 
1764), is extant in manuscript among the collections of 
Archbishop King, p. 335. There is also another copy 
among the MSS. of Henry Earl of Clarendon, vol. xlii. 
p. 79, now in the British Museum, Addit. MS. 4789.] 



PAULSON : " CUT BOLDLY." 
(3 rd S.i. 210, 276,353.) 

I have looked into the principal narratives of 
cutting the whetstone, and I think " Cut boldly " 
was first given by Dionysius. Cicero's version 
seems to take the story out of the region of pure 
fiction and place it in that of fraud. The whetstone, 
augurio acto, and in comitivm allatum, might have 
been changed for a soft ooline, which cuts more 
easily than a Dutch cheese when newly dug, and 
afterwards hardens. I do not express any opinion 
as to Attius and Tarquin being the impostors, or 
even as to the existence of those persons, but 
something of the sort was probably done by some- 
body. 

Florus tells the story well : 

"Attius Navius, summus augurio, quern rex in experi- 
mentum rogavit, Jierine posset quod ipse mente conceperat? 
Ille, rem expertus augurio, posse respondit. Atqui hoc, 
inquit, agitabam, an cotem illam secare novacula possem ? 
Augur, Potes ergo, inquit ; et secuit." — Epitome, c. v. 

Lactantius, perhaps, took his version from an- 
other source ; perhaps, like most historians, altered 
it to what he thought effective : 

" Accius Navius, summus augur, cum Tarquinium Pris- 
cum commoneret, ut nihil novi facere inciperet, nisi prius 
esset inauguratum, ei rex artis ejus elevans fidem diceret, 
ut consultis avibus renuntiaret sibi, utrum ne fieri posset 
id quod ipse animo concepisset, affirm aretque Navius 
posse: Cape igitur, hanc, inquit, cotem ; earn novacula 



De 



disjice. At ille incunctanter accepit et secuit." 
Origine Erroris, lib. ii. c. 7, p. 82, ed. Cant. 1685. 

Dionysius Halicarnassensis amplifies like a clas- 
sical rhetorician or a modern penny-a-line man. 
After stating Tarquin's desire to expose the 
augur's incompetency, he says : 

" Tavra diavorjOels eKaAet rbv Ne#*oi/ iirl rb jQ^ua, 
iroAAov irap6vros oxAov Kara rijv ayopdv. II pod laKex® els 
5e to?s irepl avrbv 8i ou rpoirov xpeudo/xavTiu awodeil-eiv rbv 
o\(»)VOO'k6'kov uweAaufiavev iireidyi Trapeywero, (piAavQpanrots 
abrbv acrizao'fxoLS avaAafi&v* c Ni/y, £<ph l Kaipbs 67r€$ei- 
£a<r0ai (T€ tt]v aKpiSeiav ttjs /navTiKrjs i7ricrr'f]/xr)Sj & Ne/3te. 
Upd^€L yap €7TLX€ip€?u fieydAT] diavoovfisvos, *l rb Suvarbv 
avTT) irp6o~€0~TL /xadelv /3ov\o/xai, AAA &ttl6l Kal fiiafxav- 
rcuad/xeuos fjKe rax^os, iyto 8e ipQd$€ Kad!}fj.evos avafx€vu>' 
'Eiroiei to; Ke\€u6fX€va u pAvris, Kal fx€r ou ttoXu irapr\v 
alaiovs tlxiitysvai Xeyooi/ olayvovs, Kal huvarrjv elvai rrjv 
irpa^iv avacpaivoov. TeKacrcras 5' 6 TapKvivios iirl [rep 
Aoycp, Kal irpotviyKas £k rod k6\itou tppbv Kal aK6vr)v, 
Aeyei irpus avrbv' ; 'EaAw/cas, 3> Nt^Sie, (pei/aicifav fyuas, 
Kal Kara\p€vdo/X€Vos rod hai^xoviov Kara<pavws' 07roTe Kal 
rds advvaTovs 7rapa|ets, T€T6\/J.rjKas Aeyeiv Zvvaras' 
'Eywy ohv die/xaureuofxTji/, ei rep tvpep rcpfte rrjv clkSvyju 
7rA//£as, p.io"t\v SiW/cro/xcu ZisXsiv? Ve Autos 8 € 5 | airdv- 
rcou ysvopiivov toov irepl rb prJiJ-a, oufiev imrapaxQels 6 
Nej&os virb too rcadaa/xov re Kal rod dopupov, 'Tlale 
Oappctii/J tcprjj ' TapKvvie, ri/v aKovr\v, 6)s irpooApy, focupe- 
OijO'GTai yap, 7) irdcrxeiv briovv eroifxos 4yd. (daufidaas 
5e 6 fiao~i\€vs rb Opdo'os rod fxavreccsy <pepei rb £vpbv Kara 
ttjs aKovqs, i) 5e a.K/17) rod o~ib*r)oov 8t o\ov KareAdovaa 
tov AtOov, tt\v re clkoptjv 5iap^€?, Kal tj)$ Karexovo"r\s 
avT))v X €l P 0S iTTiT^/uLvei rb /xepos, /c.t.A. — Antiquit. Rom, 

lib. iii. c. 61, Ed. Reiske, Lipsiae, 1774. 

Fag says, u When I draw on my imagination for 
a good current lie I always forge indorsements as 
well on the bill." The story is not made to look 
more probable by the indorsements of Dionysius. 

" Tarquin, being resolved to try the augur's skill, de- 
manded whether that which he" was then considering 
could be effected ? Nasvius, having examined his augu- 
ries, boldly affirmed that it might. « Why, then,' cries 
the king, with an insulting smile, 'I had thought of 
cutting this whetstone with a razor.' 'Cut boldly,' said 
the augur, and the king cut it through accordingly; 
Goldsmith, History of Rome, ch. 6. 

Goldsmith's skill in selecting his materials is 
shown by taking the best-told version from Florus, 

and only two words from Dionysius. 

Fitzhopkins. 

Garrick Club. 



»> 



« POLE FAIR," AT CORBY (NORTHAMPTON- 
SHIRE.) 

(3 rd S. i. 424.) 

The following account of the festival, men- 
tioned by your correspondent Stamfordiensis, 
was contributed to the Stamford Mercury, June 
20th, by an eye-witness of the ceremonies ob- 
served. The original of the transcript of the 



50 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'* S. It. July 19, '62. 



charter accompanying it is in possession of the 
itev. C. Farebrother, rector of the parish. It 
throws light on the origin of the custom, and may 
probably interest many of your readers. I am 
puzzled to know what can be the distinguishing 
marks of a u Corby Cross." 

u According to custom the inhabitants arose at an early 
hour, played and sang the 4 National Anthem * and ■ Rule 
Britannia* in the streets, and proclaimed the fair. They 
then began to carry on pole3 and chairs all the people in 
the village, put them in the stocks, and gave them some 
ale before liberating them from durance vile. Whole 
families were fetched out of their houses and escorted to 
the stocks with flags flying, the band playing lively airs. 
After all the inhabitants had gone through the ceremony 
strangers began to arrive in gigs, carts, vans, and other 
vehicles to witness this singular custom. They cheer- 
fully paid the toll which was demanded of them on en- 
tering the village. Many hundred people were present, 
and a great many went through the ceremony. Stalls, 
shooting-galleries, shows, and a large portable theatre 
rose up as if by magic, flags and banners floated in the 
air, and the greatest hilarity prevailed. Parish officers, 
constables, and policemen, went through the ceremony, 
no person being excused. Two good bands of music 
paraded the streets during the day. All the villagers 
tried to vie with each other in decorating their houses 
with devices, &c. There was a pretty triumphal arch 
against the Exeter Arms inn: it exhibited the words 
od save the Queen,' and from which were suspended 
numerous flags, one containing the Corby Cross. Alto- 
gether, the decorations had an attractive appearance. 
Sear the Cardigan Arms inn, opposite the stocks, wa3 
another large red, white, and blue flag, bearing the Corby 
Cross. And above the stocks, on the wall, were the 
words ' God save the Queen * and « Our Charter* in large 
characters. From the sign post of the Cardigan Arms 
floated another large red, white, and blue flag bearing 
the Corby Cross ; and from the sign to the house hung a 
handsome banner with a festooned wreath, bearing the 
motto 'Long life to Cardigan'; and on the other side, 
• Honour to the Brave.' Against the White Horse inn was 
another triumphal arch, exhibiting the words * God save 
the Queen ' and ' Our Charter,' and several flags. Against 
the Black Horse inn was a pretty wreath, extending 
across the street, with a flag and "the words ' God save 
the Queen* and « Our Charter.' Against the Queen's 
Head inn were two beautiful scarlet flags; and these, 
with other decorations, had a pleasing effect. There were 
several handsome flags floating from private houses, par- 
ticularly one from Mr. Chapman's, and another from Mr. 
Saddington's. On the Kettering road was another trium- 
phal arch, exhibiting the words ' Our Charter ' and « God 
save the Queen,' surmounted with three Union Jacks. On 
the Rockingham road was another triumphal arch, with 
the words • Our Charter ' and ■ God save the Queen.' On 
this arch were the flags of England, France, Sardinia, 
and Turkey. The business of the day was carried out 
with the best of good feelingB, and the greatest hilarity 
prevailed till night threw her sable mantle over the 
proceedings." 

" Charles the Second, by the Grace of God, of England, 
Scotland, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the 
*aith, &c, to all to whom these present letters shall come 
greeting, we have inspected the enrollment of certain 
letters patent of confirmation of our predecessor Eliza- 
beth, late Queen of England, bearing date at Westmin- 
ster the 2nd day .»f 1 Member, in the i>7th vear of her 

reign, made and granted to the men and tenants of the 
manor of Corbei, and remaining of record in our Court of 



Chancery in these words:— The Queen, &c, to all and 
singular sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, constables, ministers, 
and all other her faithful subjects as well within liberties 
as without, to whom these present letters shall come 
greeting. Whereas, according to the custom hitherto 
obtained and used in our kingdom of England, the men and 
tenants of antient demesne of the Crown of England are 
and ought to be quit of toll, pannage, monage, and pas- 
sage throughout our whole kingdom of England, and 
according to the aforesaid custom the men and tenants of 
antient demesne of the crown aforesaid have always 
hitherto from the time whereof memory runneth not "to 
the contrary been accustomed to be quit from contribution 
to the expenses of knights coming to our Parliament, or 
that of our progenitors, formerly Kings of England for 
the community of the commonalty of the same kingdom. 
Also, according to the same custom, the men and tenants 
of the manors which are of antient demesne of the crown 
aforesaid ought not to be placed in any assizes, juries, or 
recognizances for their lauds and tenements which they 
hold of the same demesne, unless only in those which 
ought to be had in the courts of the same manors, and 
for that whereas the manor of Corbei, in the county of 
Northampton, is of antient demesne of our Crown of 
England, as is found by a certain certificate returned 
into our Chaucery by the treasurer and chamberlain of 
our exchequer by our command thereupon. We enjoin 
and command you, and every of you, that you permit all 
and singular the men and tenants of the manor of Corbei 
aforesaid to be quit from such toll, pannage, monage, pas- 
sage, to be paid on account of their goods or things 
throughout our whole kingdom aforesaid, & on account 
of the expenses of the knights aforesaid ; also that you 
do not place the same men and tenants of the same 
manor in any assizes, juries, or recognizances, to be held 
out of the court of the manor aforesaid, but only in those 
which ought to be held in the court of such manor 
against the aforesaid custom, unless the lands and tene- 
ments be held of other tenure for which they ought to 
be placed in assizes, juries, or recognizances, according to 
the form of the statute of the Common Council of our 
kingdom of England therefore provided. And if on these 
occasions, or any of them, you should make any distress 
on the aforesaid men and tenants of the manor of Corbei 
aforesaid, you shall without delay release the same to 
them. In witness whereof, &c, witness the Queen at 
Westminster, the second day of December, in the 27th 
year of her reign. We moreover have by these presents 
caused the tenor of the enrollment aforesaid to be exem- 
plified at the request of Robert Davis, gentleman, John 
Lee, and others, men and tenants of the aforesaid manor 
of Corbei. In witness whereof we have caused these our 
letters to be made patent. Witness ourself at Westmin- 
ster, the 6th day of July, in the 22d year of our reign. 

"Grimston: Haraper. 

tlT ^ . , , fThos. Estcourt, ) Two Masters in 

Examined by us { WMim ChM ^ { ChaDcery . 

Endorsed " An Exemplification, at the request of Robert 
Davis and others." ** Halsted." 

St. Swithin. 









THE TOWN LIBRARY OF LEICESTER. 

(3 rd S. ii. 5.) 

I find in your impression of July 5 an inquiry 
respecting this venerable institution. In answer 
thereto, I forward the particulars which follow, 
extracted from a work published by me in the 
year 1849, entitled, A History of Leicester from 









3' d S. II. July 19, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



51 



the Time of the Romans to the End of the Seven- 

teenth Century. 

In the middle of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 
it seems, the leading Puritans resident in this 
locality, being desirous of promoting a knowledge 
of Scripture and " sound doctrine," — that is, 
the tenets of the Reformers, — among the people, 
placed a few books of suitable character in the 
belfry of St. Martin's Church, to which the stu- 
dious and thoughtful portion of the townsmen 
were allowed free access. In the parish accounts 
for the year 1587, the following entry bears 
testimony to the existence of this library : 



M 



Paid for two planks and two shelves in the library, 
25. 6d." 

In 1594 

"Paid for whiting the library wall in the belfry, lCd." 

i 

The Earl of Huntingdon, who was at the head 
of the ecclesiastical Puritans of the period, and 
who then had a mansion in Leicester, was a donor 
to the library ; and additions to its shelves were 
made by other persons entertaining religious sen- 
timents similar to the earl's. 

In the course of fifty years the library had so 
much increased as to need the appointment of a 
keeper ; and accordingly the Corporation ap- 
pointed one in 1628, to whom they paid a yearly 

salary of twenty nobles. The name of this person 
was Francis Peck. 

In the year 1630, the Corporation expended 
18Z. 9s, in the purchase of twenty-four volumes 
from William Garratt, of the King's Arms, St. 
Paul's Churchyard. 

Two years afterwards — the library having been 
removed from the belfry to the chancel of St. 
Martin's Church — the books were placed in a 
structure standing at the western end of the 
church, and attached to the ancient Guildhall. 
This movement took place at the instance of 
Mr. John Angel, the public lecturer, the building 
having been erected there on his recommenda- 
tion. The Bishop of Lincoln, also, took an in- 
terest in the transference of the library to the 
new place, as his letter shows, dated Septem- 
ber 18, 1633, which is given in the volume above- 
named.* 

The bishop's interest was not purely confined 
to the library. The truth appears to be, that he 
regarded the occupation of the chancel by the 
shelves of a library as a kind of desecration. He 
wished the communion-table to be restored to its 
place in the chancel. He says : — 

" I thank you right heartily, and all the town of Lei- 
cester, for your great care and charge in providing and 
adorning so convenient a place for a librae there; and 
especially for your resolution, upon the motion I made 
unto you, to return the old room unto that religious use 
it was formerly builded and designed for, which is, to be 
the chancel or quire of your fair and beautiful church. 



19 



History of Leicester (1849), pp. 355, 356. 



The bishop then proceeded to ask the mayor to 
restore the chancel, by placing steps on it, " to 
ascend to the upper end thereof, for your com- 
munion table to stand therein, at such time as it 
shall not be used in the participation of those 
sacred mysteries ; " and further, his lordship's 
11 earnest suit " was that " the table may be fairly 
covered and adorned wheresoever it stand." 

From the year 1632 to the year 1862, the Li- 
brary has remained in the same building, and has 
always retained the name it first acquired. It is 
entered by a door on the eastern front of the 
Guildhall buildings, which opens upon a flight of 
stairs. The apartment is well lighted, and lofty. 
On both sides are shelves, on which are ranged 
many ponderous folios, freed from the chains by 
which they were once fastened to their places. A 
catalogue of the works was prepared and printed 
by Mr. Thomas Combe (now of Oxford) some 
years ago ; but I cannot find a copy, and I believe 
the edition has long disappeared. 

Among the books (speaking from memory) I 
believe are the Voragine Aurea Legenda Sancto- 
rum, printed in 1476; a Salisbury Missal; Lan- 
quett's Chronicle, in black letter (imperfect) ; 
Speed's History of Great Britain; Sir Walter 
Raleigh's History of the World ; Clarendon's His- 
tory of the Rebellion ; the Codex Leicestriensis 
(MS.) supposed to be of the fourteenth century. 
I remember also the works of Augustine, of Calvin, 
of Luther, and of other theologians. Old works 
on science are also in the collection. 

Sixty or seventy years ago, I was once told by 
an aged inhabitant, a needle-maker kept the 
library. When wanting paper on which to wrap 
up his needles, he tore a leaf out of an old book. 
In years bygone, too, the boys of the Free Gram- 
mar School were allowed to frequent the library ; 
they, too, wantonly destroyed the old tomes. 

The library is now in the care of Mrs. Dawson, 
appointed to her post by the Town Council. She 
keeps the place clean, and preserves the books 
from mutilation, for she understands their value. 



The room is still made very useful. Meetings 
are held in it ; and I may mention that among 
other bodies the Leicestershire Architectural and 
Archasological Society assembles regularly in it 
once in every two months. James Thompson. 

A sketch of the history, contents, and con- 
dition of this library may be found in Edwards's 
Memoirs of Libraries, i. pp. 747 — 751. 

Joseph Rix, M.D. 

St. Neot's. 



DE COSTER, THE WATERLOO GUIDE. 

(3 rd S. ii. 7.) 

Every visitor to the field of battle may obtain 
evidence sufficiently conclusive that the man 



52 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8* d S. II. July 19, *G2. 



called " Jean de Costa," in representing himself 
as Napoleon's guide, only laid claim to preten- 
sions to which he was entitled ; and that the gains 
which those pretensions secured to him were 
fairly earned by the previous loss, peril, and in- 
tense anxiety which that post of honour had 
caused to devolve on him. 

During the last fourteen years, I have fre- 
quently visited the battle-plain of the 18 th of June, 
in company respectively with the late Serjeant- 
Major Cotton, Serjeant Mundy, and various 
" peasant-guides," as well as the more remote 
fighting grounds of the 16th, Quatre Bras, St. 
Amand, and Ligny. These several guides concur 
in speaking (as of a fact never questioned and 
not admitting doubt) of De Costa as being the 
person employed as the companion of Napoleon 
during the memorable day, and from some lips 
I have heard incidents of his having been forcibly 
carried off from his own house, quaking with fear, 
to the presence of the great Emperor. His house 
is on the left hand of the high road to Genappe 
and Charleroi, in the village of Belle Alliance, 
and is the first past the public-house known by 
that name: it is now inhabited by his sons, or 
one of them. The barn and outbuildings have 
been enlarged, and the extent of cultivated ground 
attached to the farm greatly increased ; to this 
the large fees paid by the earlier travellers mate- 
rially contributed. 

Soon after the battle, there sprang up among 
the peasants of the locality a new and lucrative 
trade of guides, relic-venders, and stick-cutters ; 
all noisy and wrangling rivals, and all able and 
but too willing to expose and cry down the pre- 
tensions of any one of their number who should 
set up an unfounded claim for the purpose of 
securing an undue and a more highly-paid share 
of the gains. Now all these acquiesced in the 
pretensions of Jean De Costa, and would, when 
required, corroborate his statements, and the sur- 
vivors and descendants of them still so acquiesce. 

One of the inhabitants of the district, living 
there at the time of the battle, with whom I have 
become acquainted, is Martin Pirson, of Plance- 
noit, now an old man, with children and grand- 
children. I believe Captain Siborne availed him- 
self of this man's aid, when preparing his model. 
This man has, on more than one occasion, assured 
me that Jean De Costa was his (Pirson's) own 
cousin, and that when De Costa was brought into 
the presence of Napoleon, he was mounted on a 
led horse, and fastened to the animal's back, to 
prevent his trying to escape. 

J. S. Noldwbitt, Hon. Sec. 

Walworth Literary and Scientific Institution. 



Nevison the Freebooter (3 r4 S. i. 428; ii. 16.) 



but in the parish register of Pomfret no mention 
of Wm. Nevison is made. It was searched some 
years ago. Legends have it that 4 * Swift Nick" 
was born at Upsall near Thirsk, but I can find no 
authority even for that. Eboracum. 

In the Impartial Protest Mercury , No. 32, from 
Tuesday, Aug. 9, to Friday, Aug. 12, 1681, p. 2, 
col. 1, is the following, copied as printed : 

• One John Nevison who stands Convicted by Two 
Verdicts for a Robbery upon the High-way, and also for 
Horse-stealing, is escaped oat of the Gaol at York, and 
since hath Committed several Robberies ; and on Sunday, 
July 31, hath barbarously Murdered Darey Futcher, in 
Howly Park : he is a Man of a Middle Stature, and 
Brown Hair'd, inclining to be Fat, Aged above Thirty 
Years, and is thought (if he have left his old Roads in the 
West-riding of York-shire) to be gone towards the Sea- 
Ports Westward. All Officers and others his Majesties 
good Subjects, are desired to Apprehend, and Secure him, 
and give the Gaoler at York Notice thereof; as they in- 
tend the discharge of their Duties, or expect the Reward 
of His Majesties late Proclamation." 

D. B/ 

Shakes (3 rd S. i. 334.)— I think it will be con- 
ceived that for the explanation of the majority of 
our slang terms we must look to those oriental 
dialects from which expressions have been im- 
ported into our language, whether by the gypsies 
or otherwise it matters not here. 

Scared by the recent attempt to establish the 
affinity of " riot" and "ryot," I would not advance 
an Oriental descent of " no great shakes " had I 
not a proper belief in its correctness ; but, after 
due consideration, I would suggest to Mr. S. 



Beisly the Arabic ^^^.-i, shakhs, Lat vir, as 

the true solution. Thus, no great shakhs, a mere 

nobody. 

When we consider the derivations of "bosh," 

" 44 quite the cheese," " Christmas boxes," 



"jack 



•■ cum multis aliis qua3 nunc," &c, I do not 
think this derivation of " shakes " will be held im- 






am 



probable. 

I am sorry I did not see this inquiry in time to 
answer it earlier. H. D. E. 

Michael Scott's Writings on Astronomy 
(3 rd S. i. 131, 176.) — In consequence of the indi- 
cation furnished by Mr. De Morgan, I applied 
to Dr. Coxe, the Head Librarian of the Bodleian, 
and have received from him the following in- 
formation : — 

MS, Bodl. 266, is a great folio of nearly 220 
leaves, written in double columns. The first 
title is : " Incipit prohemium libri introductorii 
quern edidit Michael Scotus, Astrologus Friderici 
Imperatoris et semper Augusti, quern ad ejus 
preces in affectuosa [*] leviter composuit propter 
scolares, novicios et pauperes intellectui, tempore 
domini Innocentii Pape quarti." A feminine sub- 
stantive seems to be wanting after " affectuosa." 
The proem occupies about 100 columns, in which 















3*<* S. II. July 19, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



53 



the author treats of the divine and human natures' 
the creation, the orders of angels, and finally 
astronomy and astrology. In the remaining por- 
tion of the volume, there is much of the same argu- 
ment with the three treatises cited from the works 
of Michael Scott ; much on the " Signa Planeta- 
rum;" a chapter " De notitia artis nigroman- 
ticse pertinentis ad ymagines," and another which 
might mean the Dogmata; " De notitia sfere et 
circulorum ejus secundum opiniones multorum 
philosophorum, ut Ptholomei, Alexandri, Deme- 
trii, Dorrothei, Jashar, Thebith, Bencarach, Al- 
fragani," &c. But there appears to be no transla- 
tion from an Aristotelian text. Aristotle is cited, 
as others : " ut ait philosophus in ccelo et mundo," 
&c. G. C. Lewis. 

Etymology of Mess (3 rd S. i. 403.) — Mr. 
Keightley derives the word mess, in the sense of 
food or joint-eating, from the Spanish mesa, a 
table ; in the sense of confusion, from a corruption 
of maze. 

The word mess signifies either a portion of food, 
as " a mess of pottage," in the authorised version 
of Genesis, xliii. 34, or (as Nares explains the 
word in his Glossary} a party dining together, a 
set. At large dinners, the diners were divided 
into messes of four ; a custom which is still ob- 
served at the dinners of students in the halls of 
the Inns of Court. Hence the word mess was 
sometimes used to signify a set of four, generally, 
and without reference to dining. 

A more probable derivation than that suggested 
by Me. Keightley is the Italian messo, which is 
explained " muta di vivande, servito," a course ; 
or the French mets, a dish. The word may like- 
wise be derived from metan, Ang. Sax., to mea- 
sure, in the sense of a portion measured out. 

Mess, in the sense of confusion, seems to be 
corrupted from the old word muss, which meant a 
scramble. See the examples cited by Nares and 
Richardson,_and by Wright, in his Diet, of Obsol. 

In Cotgrave's French Dic- 
tionary (1632), " a musse " is stated to be " the 

scrambling for nuts," &c, and is inter- 
by the French " a la groee, mousche." 
" a la groee " is interpreted " the boyish 
scrambling for nuts, &c, cast on the ground ; a 
musse." One of the senses given for "mousche " 
is " the^ play called musse." The French word 
mouche is probably the origin ofmuss. L. 

Arms or the Kingdom of Leon (3 rd S. i. 407, 
471, "-- ~ " 



and Prov. English. 



boyish 
preted 
Again, 



510.) 



Spener, writing in the year 1690, 



says that the colour of the lion in the arms of 
Leon, was a " vexed question ;" that most persons 
held purpure to be the true colour, but that Me- 
nestrier had proved gules to be such. His words 
are : — 

" De hujus leonis colore disputatur. Plerique (ita et 
Chiffletius qui propterea molochinum vocat) non rubeum 



sed purpureum esse volant. Sed CI. Fr. Menestrier Verit. 
Art du Bias. cap. 7, p. 85, et FArt du Bias, justif. c. 3 S 
p. 58, probat quod rubeus sit."— Spener, Insign. Tkeoria* 
Pars Special, lib. i. c. 38, § 6, p. 162, ed. Giess. Jo! 
Mulleri, fol. 1717. 

He asserts that Chifflet was of opinion that 
the Gothic kings of Spain, up to the time of 
Alphonso VI. a.d. 1065, bore a lion, sable, on a 
shield argent, and that Raymund of Burgundy, 
a.d. 1100 — 6 introduced the lion purpure (molo- 
chinus = mauve), but that David Blondell had 
exploded this notion. Spener himself inclines to 
one opinion of the last-named writer, viz., that 
the adoption of the lion in the arms had its origin 
in canting heraldry, being a play upon the name 
of the kingdom, Leon. In the plate given by 
Spener the lion is gules, and is also crowned. It 
may perhaps be worth noting as a curious coin- 
cidence, that the cognizance of the noble family 
of Leon, in Brittany, was a lion, sable : " leo 
niger in clypeo Aureo pro fam. Leon Britann. 
et corona aurea ornatus." — Spener, Tnsig. Theor. 
p. i. s. 3. 19, p. 234. But whether the similarity 
of name — both being Leon in the vernacular, and 
Legio in Latin, may have led to any confusion in 
the blason of armorial bearings by the early 
heraldic writers, is a point on which I will not 
venture to give an opinion. E. A. D. 

Hymn at Epworth (3 rd S. i. 497.)— The story 
of Mr. Wesley's clerk at Epworth, who had to 
give out the verses beginning — 

" Like to an owl in ivy bush 
That rueful thing am I," &c. 

is taken, I presume, from Adam Clarke's Memoirs 
of the Wesley Family (p. 232). Can Mr. Work- 
ard, or any of your correspondents, tell me in 
what collection of hymns these lines are to be 
found ? I have often endeavoured to trace them 
to some accredited source, but in vain, and have 
almost come to the conclusion that, like many 
reputed hymnological absurdities, the story has 
its foundation in fiction rather than in fact. 

X. A. X. 

Bais Brigg (3 rd S. i. 466.) — The reference to 
the phantom familiarised with Bais Brigg 
caused by a speech made by the noble Marquis of 
Lothian to the members of the Norfolk and Nor- • 
wich Archasological Society, on one of their excur- 
sions, at his well-known mansion of Blickling. 

After showing his treasures, collected by himself 
and many previous generations of Hobarts and 
Harbords, with the relics of the Boleyns, he face- 
tiously said " he had been told there was a ghost 
in his house, but that he could not show it to 
th^m." 

The wanderings of the restless spirit of Sir 
Thomas Boleyn has been long a favourite topic 
with the neighbouring gossips; and his being 
compelled to cross forty bridges within a given 



54 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8' d 8. II. July 19, '62. 



space of time, has been the alleged penance he 
doomed to sailer to save himself from the more 
dreaded power of the " Evil One." 

This is the substance of a tale of many years, 
but should more be found deserving a record it 
shall be forwarded to your correspondent, M. F. 

Bais Brigg, crossing the rivulet called the Gar 



(a tributary stream to the river originally of the 
same name), which supplied the piscaries in the 
disparked grounds of the ancient residence of the 
noble but extinct family of Paston, was for ages 
avoided by the benighted peasants, few daring to 
enter the lone lane, but few indeed ventured to 
cross the " troubled " bridge. 

There is little but positive fact to merit the re- 
cord of the following foolery in your pages : 
A firm believer in this spectral visitation having 
occasion to cross the bridge in the nocturnal hours, 
took with him, as was his custom, a companion. 
The two, as they came near the scene of terror, 
perceived a glimmering light; as they approached 
it, it shone more glaringly forth on either side 
from beneath the arch, a place of no human habit- 
ation ; soon the very focus of the light was seen, 
and a gaunt figure was limb by limb developed, 
crawling over the parapet. They were amazed ; 
but their very senses reeled as the figure stalked 
along upon their path, and stood before them — 
the light was raised, and a piteous voice beseech- 
ingly exclaimed, — u Pray, sirs, as you came along 
did you see anything of my ducks P ff 

H. D'AvENEY. 

"Cceue Vaillant" (3 rd S. i. 506.)— I find, 
amongst the notes which I made when I was at 
Bourges some years ago, the u canting" motto of 
Jacques Cceur given as 



" A vaillant Coeur rien impossible." 

Am I wrong in my quotation ? 



W. C. 



The Marrow Controversy (3 rd S. ii. 10.) — 
Mr. Irvine will find what he wants in a work 
which you do not notice, but of which I possess a 
copy, entitled — 

" A full and true State of the Controversy concerning 
the Marrow of Modern Divinity, as debated between the 
General Assembly and several Ministers in the year 1720 
and 1721. Glasgow: Printed by John Bryce, 1773, 12mo, 



pp. 184." 
Penzance. 



John Kinsman. 



Epithalamium on Her Majesty's Marriage 
(3 rd S. ii. 8.) — Was it not poor Peithmann, who 
afterwards went mad ? He was author of a very 

w. c. 



good Latin Grammar. 



Work 



When the Bibliographic^ __ „„ |, ttVlwuroi 
Cole printed on the label " (Only 100 copies)." 
Were there really 150? And did this number 



include the copies on writing-paper and on tinted 
paper ? Joseph Kix, M.D. 

St. Neots. 

Baron (3 rd S. i. 515.) — Etymology, as every 
one knows, is merely conjectural ; except where 
it rests on historical evidence, as in chowse^ namby- 
pamby % and such like, which might be otherwise 
inexplicable. My derivation of baron, from Wehr- 
mann, was therefore a mere conjecture, and I 
think a wrong one, as it seemed to myself soon 
after I had sent it to u N. & Q." ; but it was a 
legitimate one, for consonants, especially the 
liquids, were constantly inserted and ejected ; 
and in this case the m being ejected, wehran^ pro- 
nounced Tehran, might easily become varon 
baron. 

I object, however, altogether to Dr. Chance's 
habit of deriving words in the modern Teutonic 



and Romanic 1 



cruages 



from the Semitic — a 



totally different family ; and also see not the use 
of piling up a heap of cognate terms, as he does 
here, in the case of bar. In fine, however, I in- 
cline to agree with him in regarding the Latin 
vir as the root ; and perhaps the simplest way of 
accounting for the on, is to suppose that the 
immediate root was virum. There are, I think, 
instances, though I cannot at present recollect 
any, of urn becoming on ; at all events, in those 
Latin words in uw, used by the French, it is pro- 
nounced on. 

But there is also, as Mr. Phillott has re- 
minded us, a Latin word baro y or varo, used by 
Cicero and Persius in the sense of fool; while the 
Scholiast on the latter tells us, it was a Gallic 
word, signifying a soldier's gillie or attendant; in 
which sense it would seem to be used by Hirtius, 
Bell. Alex. 53. This then may also claim to be 
the original of Baron. Thos. Keightley. 

Relative Value of Money (3 rd S. i. 518.) 
As Mr. Wobkard gave his list of prices from 
Yorkshire, and Me. Mereyweather did not tell 
where his came from, I thought myself justified in 
setting it also down as provincial. Further, as 
the latter seems to think slightly of my authorities, 
I beg to state that comedies are as good authorities 




in my opinion, for current prices, as any S 
Rolls or other documents ; for a comic writer 
would never venture to make statements which 
almost every one of the audience would know to 
be false. I will then venture on another case 
from a comedy. 

Me. Merryweatuer states that, in the case of 

"horses, cattle, foods, rents, &c, money was in 
them considerably more than double or treble its 
present value," — four times, we may assume. 
Now FalstafI says to the Host at Windsor : " I 
sit at ten pounds a-week," i. e. I pay you 10/. 
a- week for myself, my three men and a boy, 
and say four horses. This expense was, we may 












3 r <* S. II. July 19, '62.] 



AND QUERIES 



55 



observe, all for articles which Mr.Merryweather 
sets down as being extremely low-priced, for sack 
also was such ; and I ask, would any hotel-keeper 
at Windsor now dream of asking 40Z. a-week for 
a gentleman and his suite (as it is termed) of that 

number ? 

Mr. Merryweather sees no difficulty in be- 
lieving that Shakspeare, his wife, and daughter, 
lived at the rate of 4,000Z. a-year ; manufactured 
articles he supposes made up the difference, these 
being very high-priced. Mrs. Otter speaks of her 
gown having cost 18Z., and other articles were 
high in proportion. So, supposing Miss Judith 
to have been a dressy person — for the old couple 

been such — and to have spent 



could hardly h 
even 200Z. a-year present money on clothes, we 
are as far as ever from understanding how the 
4,000Z. a-year was got through in such a place as 
Stratford. Thos. Keightley. 

Parodies on Gray's Elegy (3 rd S. i. 197, 355 ; 
ii. 17.) — The following was published at the time 
of the Reform Bill agitation. I quote from 
memory : 

" Here rests his head upon a lap of earth, 

A youth to fortune (not to fame) well known ; 
A rotten borough smiled upon his birth, 
And made him an M.P. at twenty-one. 

" Dull were his speeches, glibly learnt by rote, 

They drew his country's dearly bought attention ; 
He gave to ministers his all — a vote ; 

He gained from them — 'twas all he wished — a pen- 
sion. 

" No further seek his merits to disclose, 

Nor view his faults with too severe an eye ; 
For in the calm repose of Schedule A., 
His borough and himself together lie." 

Wm. Dobson. 

Preston. 

Pope's Epitaph on the Digbys (3 rd S. ii. 
6.) — Mr. Markxand will find, I think, that 
"mortal" instead of "moral," in the line 

" Go, and exalt thy Moral to Divine," — 

is a mere misprint in the editions to which he 
refers. The substitute would certainly be no 
improvement ; and, as it appears to me, would 
spoil the epitaph. The meaning of " moral," 
which Mr. Marklanp has given, " the practice of 
the duties of .life," is evidently the true one, and 
the antithesis is between that practice and the 
exaltation of being admitted to the beatific vision. 
The term "moral" or "morality," like that of 
" critic," frequently used in Pope's time for " criti- 
cism," is borrowed from the French. There is a 
fine passage in Norris of Bemerton which is some- 
what analogous, though Norris is speaking only 
of different states in this world. He distinguishes 
between — 

" Moral or Civil Virtue, the habitude of the Will to 
good, whereby we are constantly disposed, notwithstand- 
ing the contrary tendency of our Passions, to perform 
the necessary Offices of Life, and that which, to dis- 



tinguish it from the other, we 'may call Divine Virtue, 
the object of the former being Moral Good, and the ob- 
ject of the latter God himself. The former," he says, "is 
a state of Proficiency, the latter of Perfection. The 
former is a state of Difficult}' and Contention ; the latter 
of Ease and Serenity. The former is employed in mas- 
tering the Passions, and regulating the Actions of Com- 
mon Life; the latter in Divine Meditation and the 
Extasies of Seraphic Love. He that has only the former 
is like Moses, with much difficulty climbing up to the 
Holy Mount; but he that has the latter, is like the same 
person Conversing with God on the serene Top of it, and 
shining with the rays of Anticipated Glory. So that 
this latter supposes the Acquisition of the former, and 
consequently has all the Happiness pertaining to the 
other besides what it adds of its own. This is the last 
Stage of Human Perfection — the utmost round of the 
Ladder whereby we ascend to Heaven. One Step higher 
is Glory." — Miscellanies, edit. 1710, 8vo, p. 292. 

Jas. Crosslet. 

Lines on Pitt (3 rd S. i. 486.) — The lines on 
Pitt, quoted by Sciolist, he will find in Heber's 
Europe (149). This poem, we are told, was com- 
menced during a sleepless night at Dresden, in 
1806. It was completed and published three 
years afterwards, with a sheet Preface, which has 
been rather unwisely omitted in the author's 
volume of Poems and Translations^ 1812, and 
subsequent editions. 

As given by the author, the first line stands : 

" And thou, blest star of Europe's darkest hour, 
Whose words were wisdom, and whose counsels power." 

Sciolist prints the line " bright star," an emen- 
dation. J. H. Markland. 

Toads in Rocks (3 rd S. i. 389, 478.) — Shortly 
before the Exhibition was opened, some of the 
daily prints said there was, or would be deposited 
in that building, a specimen of a toad, together 
with the matrix of rock in which it had been dis- 
covered. If such be now the case, it would be 
well to examine the curiosity for the purpose of 
ascertaining two points. 1st. Whether the crea- 
ture be really a toad ; and, 2ndly. To what for- 
mation, geologically speaking, the matrix of rock 

Mr. Douglas Allport's 



belongs. 



geological 



argument is irresistible and unanswerable, namely, 
That toads cannot be enclosed in rocks of forma- 
tions older than the period when toads first ap- 
peared upon the earth. It comes to this, — that we 
cannot find toads before they were created. 

P. Hutchinson. 



Epitaph (3 rd S. 



i. 389.) 



The idea, so often 



epitaphised, is borrowed from a stanza in a poem, 
written by William Billyng, a poet of the four- 
teenth century, and entitled JErth upon Erth. 
Prefixed is a rude sketch of a naked body, ap- 
parently just raised from the grave; with a mat- 
tock in the right hand, and a spade at the feet. 
Billyng's Poems were printed from the original 
MS. bv It. and W. Dean. I cannot recall to 



memory the date of publication. 



J. L. 



56 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3** S. IL July 19, '62. 



Baron of the Exchequer (3 rd S. i. 466, 
517.) — There is a curious, but I conceive a purely 
fanciful explanation of this title, in Finch's Law, 
b. 4, c. i. p. 240, edit. 1627 : 

u The Judges whereof [the Court of Exchequer] are 
called Barons, or homelands for the Ring's Revenue." 

To make this intelligible to non-professional 
readers, " les lays gents," who, as Littleton (s.331) 
observes, u ne sont apprises en la ley," I may add, 
that our law gives to the husband the pompous 
feudal title of baron, while the wife is designated 
by the simple, and to modern ears perhaps some- 
what uncourteous, name of feme or woman only. 

David Gam. 



"Durance vile" (2 nd S. xii. 223, 253.) — 
Burns had probably some vague recollection of 
Shakspeare's use of a corresponding phrase in the 
Second Part of King Henry IV., Act V. Sc. 5, 
where Pistol says : — 

" Thy Doll, and Helen of thy noble thoughts, 

Is in base durance." 

J. S. \u. 

Church used by Churchmen and Koman Ca- 
tholics (3 rd S. i. 427.) — In the parish church of 
Standon, Herts, the chancel is raised by a flight 
of steps above the level of the church, and I have 
heard a tradition, that the chancel was used by 
the Roman Catholics, and the church by the Pro- 
testants. As the chancel would have belonged to 
the Lords Aston, who adhered to the old faith, 
there may be some truth in the legend. The uses 
may have been illegal, but under the two first of 
the Stuarts, the illegality may have been connived 
at. J. H. L. 

Moneters' Weights (3 rd S. i. 412.) — Much 
light has been thrown upon the subject by W. C, 
but can he, or any other correspondent, furnish in- 
formation respecting the words Estelin, Maille, 
and Felin as applied to weights ? Cuo. 

Gheast Family (3 rd S. i. 389.) — The arms of 
Gheast, Geste, or Guest, now Dugdale, as en- 
tered in the Worcestershire Visitation, 1634, are 
az. a chev. or, between three shovellers' heads 
erased, ppr. Crest, a shoveller's head erased, 
ppr. between two ostrich feathers, or. ("Lee Pedi- 
gree" in Hamper's Life of Sin Wm. Dugdale.) 



The arms mentioned by the editor, at p. 389, are 
those of Dugdale quartering Stratford. 

H. S. G. 

Treble (3 rd S. i. 507.) — The derivation of 
this word as advanced by your correspondent, 
whether the correct one or not^ has certainly the 
merit of ingenuity to recommend it. As, how- 
ever, I take treble to be a purely musical term, I 
would suggest that it might take its name from 
the high-toned bell which was carried by the 



Thurible or incense-bearing chorister, and thus 
give it an instrumental, rather than a vocal origin. 

F. Phillott. 

When the Query of Notsa first appeared in 
41 N. & Q." respecting the derivation of the word 
treble, as used to designate the high vocal part in 
music, I was quite satisfied with the answer ap- 
pended to it by the editor, which was as follows : 
44 The lowest sound in the scale was gam-ut-bass ; 
the next octave was gam-ut-mean ; the third was 
gam-ut-triple, or treble." But I own I can see 



* i • . 



no probability, or even plausibility, in the sup- 
posed derivation of treble from thurible. The 
thurifers were certainly boys, but so were the 
acolyths : and why should thurifers or thuribularii 
have given their name to the vocal part suited to 
boys, any more than acolyths f The acolyths were 
not connected with the choral department ; they 
had only to answer and serve at mass ; but as to 
the thurifers, they neither said nor sung anything, 
but merely swung and served the thurible. I 
must, therefore, consider the supposed derivation 
wholly untenable. F. C. H. 

* 

Mortars and Cannons (3 rd S. i. 504.) — Lewes 
is in Sussex and not in Surrey, as N. P. has it. 
The residence of Ralf Hogge, who, in 1543, cast 
the first iron gun, still remains. 

u Master Huggett and his man John, 
They did cast the first cannon," 

is the old local rhyme. The names, Hogge and 
Hugget, have got confounded in some way, but 
there is no reason to doubt that the prose and the 
poetical account refer to the same individual. 

George F. Chambers, 









Campden Hill. 



Add also 



Peacock's Works (3 rd S. i. 508.) — 
Rhododaphne, a little poem containing passages of 
great beauty. W. J. Bern hard Smith. 

Temple. 

Castle op Liverpool (3 rd S. i. 504.) — As 
another Note on the castle of Liverpool, it may 
be mentioned that a confirmation charter to the 
priory of Finchale, of Henry Duke of Lancaster, 
Earl of Derby, Leicester, Lincoln, and Steward of 
England, is dated u apud castrum nostrum de 
Liverpull," on the 20th July, 1358. (The Priory 
of Finchale, Surtees Soc. 1837, p. 162.) 

N. H. S. 

Dr. Johnson at Oxford (3 rd S. i. 512.) — Your 
correspondent Queen's Gardens must surely be 
incorrect in his assertion that Dr. Johnson was 
44 scourged over the buttery-hatch at Oxford." 
In the face of such a fact, Johnson could hardly 
have written thus of Milton : — 

" I am ashamed to relate what I fear is true, that Mil* 
ton'was one of the last students in either University that 
suffered the public indignity of corporal correction." 

As Johnson was at Oxford more than a century 









3** S. II. July 19, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



57 



u 



after Milton was at Cambridge, I think Queen's 
Gardens has committed an anachronism in allow- 
ing to exist in Johnson's days what was at the 
point of becoming extinct more than a hundred 
years before. B. A. 

"Yankee Doodle borrows Cash" (3 rd S. i. 
513) appeared in the Literary Gazette for Jan. 
18, 1845, No. 1461. In a note from the editor, 
he says : — 

Having heard it sung with the accompaniment of 
some merry laughter, we begged the MS. from the author, 
and print it in the hope that it will amuse on both sides 
of the Atlantic." 

George Shaw. 

9, King Edward Street, E.C. 

Durnford Family (3 rd S. i. 492.) — The re- 
marks of M. S. R. on this family contain some 
apparent inaccuracies, which I should be glad if 
he would rectify by references to his authorities. 
Thomas Durnford is said to have been baptised at 
Andover in 1684, and buried at Ringwood in 
1737 ; but the documents by which he is proved 
to be one and the same person are not referred to. 
Are the names of the parents, and any allusion 
to their former residence at Andover, to be found 
in the baptismal register at Ringwood, in the 
entry of Elias Durnford, March 11, 1720? Where 
is the marriage of Elias and Martha Durnford re- 



gistered ? 



Where is the register of the birth of 



Andrew their third son, and how is the latter, who 
lived at Fordingbridge identified as the grandson 
of Thomas Durnford of Andover ? 

How is Augustus Durnford proved to be a de- 
scendant of Thomas Durnford of Durnford, and 
what connection is there between his daughter- 
in-law, Susanna Stillingfleet, and the bishop of 
the same name ? 

I have examined the Registers of Wills for the 
county of Hants or Southampton, and find only 
the following four entered in the indices : — 

"Jo. Durnford, of Brook, 1683, an admin tn (missing.) 
"J. Durnford, of Whitsbury, 1714, ditto, ditto. 
" John Dornford, of Gosport, 1746 (missing.") 

There is, however, to be seen the will of Joan 
Durnford of Barton Stacey, dated 1660, but al- 
tered into 1670 by some later hand. In it she 
mentions her residence in the parish of St. Mary, 
Hants. To her son Thomas she bequeaths a bed 
and bedstead, curtains, and a pair of blankets, one 
table, and four stools. To her daughter Elizabeth 
a bolster and pillows, a black coat, apron and a 
table. To her daughter Frances Sopper similar 
bequests. The testatrix affixes her mark to the 
will. Her goods and chattels were valued at 
28Z. 10*. 

Apropos of the name itself, there is small street 
in Winchester named Dara-gate, i. e. Water-gate. 

Spal. 

White Quakers (3 rd S. i. 459, 515.) —As I do 
not imagine that " N. & Q." are intended to be the 



medium for misrepresenting any body of Christian 
professors, I hope to be allowed a few words in 
reply to the communication of Eirionnach in 
your number for June 7. His first paragraph is 
mainly correct, although it would have been more 
accurate to say that the " White Quakers " were 
expelled from the Society by their more sober- 
minded brethren. As to their having " succeeded 
in adding several stringent rules to the book of 
discipline," I must be allowed to doubt the fact 
until Eirionnach produces his proof. Neither 
Dublin Monthly Meeting, nor any other, has any 
power to alter that book as stated ; such power 
being exclusively in the hands of the Yearly or 
National Meeting. 

It is to the last paragraph, however, of Eirion- 
nach' s article that I wish chiefly to allude. No 
one who has any considerable acquaintance with 
the Quakers will, I venture to say, regard The 
Story of my Life, so highly commended by 
Eirionnach, as better than a gross caricature. 
The picture it draws of the sect is about as fair a 
one as that of the Early Christians by their 
heathen opponents. A few specimens of its ac- 
curacy will be found in a little work published by 
Hodges & Smith, Dublin, in 1853, bearing the 
title — Ostentation; or, Critical Remarks on ' Qua' 
kei'ism, or, the Story of my Life' — and written by 
Sandham Elly. 

Your correspondent is incorrect as to the name 
of the "respected" author of the "valuable (!) 
work" which he recommends. Mrs. John Robert 
Greer (not Mrs. Thomas Grier) is entitled to all 
the honour (?) of its authorship. 

To those who would wish to see the real prin- 
ciples and practices of Quakerism treated of by a 
pen — hostile, indeed, but not dipped in the gall 
of bitterness — allow me to recommend a work 
published a few months since by Hodges, Smith, 
& Co., Dublin, intituled Charles and Josiah ; and 
which is said to ha 



been written by Prof. Har- 
vey of Trinity College, Dublin. 

J. T. 

I must acknowledge the weight of your corres- 
pondent's testimony and respect it, but see no rea- 
son why Mrs. Greer's testimony should not have, at 
least, equal respect ; and, let me remind Hiberno- 
Catholicus, that her book has never been refuted. 
I was in Dublin when the book was published, and 
remember hearing that the Society made strenuous 
efforts, both by bribes and intimidation, to prevent 
it appearing, and afterwards to suppress it when 
published. A crushing Reply was immediately 
announced with an angry flourish of trumpets. I 
watched eagerly for it, and lo ! after several 
months' delay, parturiunt monies, — a thin pamphlet 
appeared, by a well-known leader among the 
Friends, full of bitterness and railing, but without 
an attempt at meeting Mrs. Greer's charges. This 
would have been too perilous a risk to have run, 



58 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'd s. II. July 19, '62. 



as Mrs. Greer threatened that, if her facts were 
questioned, she would publish names, dates, cor- 
roborative testimonies, and original documents, at 



full length. 



Kirionnach. 



full. This silenced opposition, and there was no 

»Vw*„4. ii g rosg caricature " and " fiction." 



I have to thank Eirionnach for his reply to my 
Query, and to say that I have read Mrs. Greer's 
Quakerism ; or, the Story of my Life. Allow me 
now, Mr. Editor, to make a few remarks on 
Hiberno-Catholicus's note at p. 515, under the 
head of " Quakers ; M and which was written as 
a comment on a previous reply. 

Hibebno-Catholicds says that Mrs. Greer's 
book " is a gross caricature, and abounds in fic- 
tion." Now, I have not the pleasure of that 
lady's acquaintance, but I know something of 
her, and I believe she is incapable of either 
false statements or misrepresentation. 

Mrs. Greer had been for many years in con- 
nection with the Quaker community, as well as 
Hiberno-Catholicus, and had probably better 
opportunities for observing u men and manners " 
among them ; and when her first edition of 
Quakerism was attacked as " anonymous slander," 
and her statements impugned, she offered to bring 
out a second edition, with names and places in 

silenced opposition, and tl 
more about 

Hibkrno-Catholicus ought to bear in mind 
that Mrs. Greer's work had reference to indi- 
viduals and events which happened years ago, 
when they were in their teens, or before it, and 
not about u Quakerism in its present phase," 
which, he says, u is just now undergoing consider- 
able transformation." George Lloyd. 

Thurstonland. 

Blake Family (3 rd S. i. 423 ; ii. 14.) — I find 
the Rev. Nathaniel Blake of Ashclt, co. Somerset, 
executor to the will of Rev. John Rock of W. 
Bagborough in 1680. He is probably identical 
with Nath. Blake of Balliol Col., Oxford, and of 
Harboro', Warwick, who was an eminent clergy- 
man, and died at the latter place in 1712, aged 
43. A good account of the Blakes of Somerset 
would be interesting to others besides your cor- 
respondent. In the new edition of Burke's 
Landed Gentry (sub. " Blake of Renvyle,") it is 
stated that John Blake, Mayor of Galway in 
1646, had (besides Thomas, his heir), three sons; 
of these, John went to Montserrat, and Nicholas 
and Henry to Barbadoes. Now, the great Ad- 
miral must have been contemporary with these, 
and in his family there was also a Nicholas and 



a connection with Barbadoes ! There is, there- 
fore, abundant opening here for confusion and 
the puzzlement of inquisitive genealogists. 

C. J. R. 

Your correspondent Spal asks information in 
your valuable periodical concerning the collateral 
descendants of Admiral Blake. I can only tell him 



that my grandmother, Elizabeth Bastone Blake, 
daughter of Francis Blake, Esq., of Minehead, 
was believed to be the last descendant of Nicholas 
Blake, or George (I am not sure which), who 
both settled in Minehead. My grandmother's 
family had lived there for generations, and claimed 
to be the descendants (collateral, of course,) 
of the great Admiral. We have in the family 
an old cup and a large table-cloth, with the 
achievements of the Admiral displayed thereon, 
which has been handed down as an heir-loom. 
Elizabeth Bastone Blake, who was an heiress, 
married the Rev. John Emra, Vicar of St. George's, 
Bristol. Some of the family did emigrate to Ame- 
rica ; but whether they were the descendants of 
Humphrey or not, I cannot say. If I can assist 
Spal any further in his researches, I shall be 
happy. J. Emra Holmes. 

Hartlepool, Durham. 

Adjustment op Eye to Distance (3 rd S. i. 
485.) — The recent discoveries referred to are 
doubtless those discussed by Professor Goodsir in 
a Communication to the Royal Society of Edin- 
burgh, read 7th January, 1856. (See Proceedings, 
vol. iii. p. 343.) The question had been simpli- 
fied by Volkmann, who proved that the eye, when 
passive, is adapted for distant vision. Dr. Cramer, 
of Groningen, showed in 1851 that the eye be- 
comes adapted for near vision by the pressure of 
the iris and ciliary muscle upon the lens, render- 
ing it more convex. The elasticity of the lens 
restores it to the original form, on the removal of 
the pressure. In 1853, Helmhotz independently 
arrived at the same conclusion, and determined 
the radius of curvature of the anterior surface for 
distant vision to be 10 or 11 millemetres ; for 
near vision, about 5 millemetres. W. S. J. 

u The power by which it (the eye) adapts itself to 
variations in the distance of the object — so as to form a 
distinct image of it, whether it be six inches, six yards, 
or six miles off, — is extremely remarkable, and cannot 
be regarded as hitherto completely explained. — Vide 
Carpenter's Human Physiology, 909, et seq. (1853); also 
Todd & Bowman's Physiological Anatomy, vol. ii. p. 27; 
and Dr. Clay Wallace on The Adjustment of the Eye to 
Distances. .New York, 1851. 

R. W.F. 

41 The Rival Friends h (3 rd S. ii. 9.) — The 
prefix " S r ," or its equivalent " D r ," is at Cam- 
bridge the distinction of the Bachelor s degree. 
Mr., of course, is prefixed to the name of an M. A. 
It is worth notice that as Sir, or Dominus, was 
prefixed to the names of parish priests, perhaps in 
right of their being Bachelors (Bas-chevalier), so 
also in the sixteenth century the word Bachelor 
was used in Western Europe, very often as an 
equivalent for a man in Holy Orders. The Bache- 
lor of that time represented the " divine " of The 
Spectator. W. C. 

Mb. Justice Heath (3 rd S. ii. 11.) — Another 
judge who has not received knighthood, is the 



























3rd S . II. July 19, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



59 



Ri^ht Hon. Thomas Erskine, son of the late Lord 
Erlkine. W. C. 

Papa and Mamma (3 rd S. i. 505.) — I do not 
know of an earlier instance of the use of those 
infantile words than the one which G. A. C. will 
find in Lilly's Euphues. Some such form must 
always be the infant's mode of pronouncing the 
designation of father and mother. 

But it is somewhat remarkable that the form 
"papa" should, in the language of so many 
nations, have been appropriated to the priest or 
religious father. The chief bishop of Western 
Christendom — u the most Holy Father" — is com- 
monly known as the Papa, or Pope. In Eastern 
Christendom every parish priest is honoured by 
the appellation of papa. It will I think be found, 
that the common use of papa and mamma in Eng- 
land, as equivalents for father and mother, dates 
from the fondness for everything French, which 
began to prevail amongst us towards the latter 
part of the seventeenth century. 

At present (and let me heartily congratulate 
G. A. C. upon it) there is every symptom of the 
fashion becoming speedily obsolete. Of course 
it has long since become obsolete, even if it ever 
prevailed, among the boys of our upper-middle 
and higher classes. And by their sisters it is now 
looked upon somewhat with disfavour. Nor is it 
by any means so general in the nursery as it was 
some years ago. 

Altogether I think, that within a few years to 
come, papa and mamma, as tantamount to father 
and mother, will only be used by that class which 
designates itself as " genteel." W. C. 

Cray (3 rd S. i. 506.) — Cray is simply crecca, 
a rivulet, or river landing place. A reference to 
the Parliamentary Gazetteer will show that there 
is not only a Cray, river and hamlet, in Brecon- 
shire, but that the word enters into other forms 
of composition in English topography. Crayford 
appears as Creccanford, Crecganford, Creacan- 
ford, &c. ; and Cricklade as Cracgelad, Creccage- 
lad, &c, in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle {vide Mr. 
Thorpe's excellent Index). 

Mackenzie E. C. Walcott, M.A., F.S.A. 

German Philosophers (3 rd S. i. 450.) — In 
reply to part of Grime's Query it may be stated, 
that the recently-deceased German " philosopher," 
Schopenhauer, has expressed himself to the fol- 
lowing effect. I translate his words as literally 
as possible : — 

" When we represent to ourselves, so far as we ap- 
proximatiyely can, the sum of want, pain, and suffering 
of every kind which the sun shines on in his course, it 
will be conceded that it might have been far better if he 
had not called forth the phenomena of life on our earth, 
any more than he has done on the moon ; but had left 
the surface of the earth, like that of the moon, in its 
-crystalline state. Our life may also be conceived as a 
needlessly-disturbing episode in the blissful repose of 



after relating a case of the " cure 



»» 



non-existence " (the Nirvana of the Buddhists). " In any 
case, even he to whom life has been endurable, will be 
convinced, the longer he lives, that it is on the whole a 
disappointment — nay, a cheat (the words in italics are in 
English in the original) ; or, to speak plainly, bears the 
character of a huge mystification, not to say imposi- 
tion." — Parerga und Paral/pomena, 2 r Band, p. 253. 

Schopenhauer's last biographer, Wiihelm Gwin- 
ner (Leipzig, 1862), says, that "before he went 
to bed, he frequently opened his Bible — the Oup- 
nekhat" (the theological portion of the Sanscrit 
Vedas), " for the purpose of performing his devo- 
tions. That book, he signified, would also be his 
last consoler in the hour of death." 

If " German philosophers " can bring the world 

nothing more true and comforting than this, they 

had better hold their tongue for evermore. 

John Macray. 
Oxford. 

Customs in the County of Wexford (3 rd S. i. 
503.) — The writer of the article thus entitled, 

by passing 
under and over a donkey, remarks that it would 
probably " be in vain to seek for any origin of 
this custom"; but on the contrary, in the South 
of Ireland, where the practice is well known, the 
cure is believed to be performed hy the virtue of 
the cross, i. e. the cross, or longitudinal and lateral 
lines which mark the donkey's back. 

In regard to the custom of turning to follow a 
funeral for a short distance (which is very general 
in Ireland), it is thought that " coming against the 
corpse hinders it its journey," it is useless to 
question how. Another very strange article of 
popular faith regarding the dead, is, that when 
several funerals take place at one time, the last 
body that enters the churchyard will be doomed 
to draw water for the rest in the unknown world 
to which they have gone, until the same event 
(of several funerals at once) again occurs. And 
so much is this fate dreaded, that on various oc- 
casions the bearers of the coffins have had furious 
battles at the churchyard gates for the precedence 
of their own friend ; when the coffins have been 
thrown down, and even broken in the heat of the 
contention. 

I do not know if the custom of lighting candles 
on All Souls' Eve is universal in Catholic coun- 
tries ; but in the South of France they ring the 
church bells all the night through in the most 
distracting manner, ringing backwards ; and with 
every discord they can chime, with a sudden clash 
and clans: between each variation. I shall never 

o 

forget the All Souls' Eve I passed at Pont de 
Beauvoisin many years ago, the hotel being close 
to a church. Sleep was impossible, and violent 
headache inevitable. A service for the rest of 
the departed souls was going on in all the churches, 
and the tolling of the bells was I believe between 

the recitation of each prayer. M. F. 

Cork. 



60 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3 rd S. IL July 19, '62. 



r» 



Possession Nine Points of the Law (3 rd S. i. 
388.) — I observe that this proverb is quoted by 
J. P. (3* d S. ii. 160 jn the following form : " Pos- 
session is eleven points of the law, and they say 
there are but twelve." I believe the usual read- 
ing is that given by Professor De Morgan — 
"nine points." Is not the allusion to the de- 
calogue, taken as a general representative of all 
laws ? — q. d. " You have in your favour nine- 
tenths of everything that is binding, when you 
enjoy actual possession. 

Job J. Bardwell Workard, M.A. 

Numismatic : Gothic Crown of Queen Vic- 
toria (3 rJ S. i. 330, 379, 399.) — Following up 
previous information, it may be interesting to 
some readers to know that a very beautiful en- 
graving, in silver, of this fine coin is given this 
month in that excellent magazine, The Intellectual 
Observer. The engraving is most faithful : the 
obverse and reverse are both shown, and the edge 
inscription is engraved also in two illustrations. 
In the same number the celebrated and rare 
44 Petition Crown," of Thomas Simon (one of 
which was exhibited by Capt. Murchison the other 
evening at the Numismatic Society's soiree in 
Mr. Virtue's), is similarly engraved in silver: 
both engravings accompanying an interesting ar- 
ticle on 44 Money and Moneyers," by Mr. Joseph 
Newton of H. M. Mint. While producing Simon's 
44 Petition Crown," as a proof of the admirable 
talent of that famous engraver, Mr. Newton says 
it would be invidious to depict only the work of 
an engraver of times long past ; and he accord- 
ingly introduces the facsimile of the 44 Gothic 
Crown," which he calls 44 the scarcely less remark- 
able work of the late William Wyon." 

James J. Lamb. 

Underwood Cottage, Paisley. * 



5HteccIIanrau£. 

NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC. 

Lists of Foreign Protestants and Aliens resident in Eng- 
land 1618 — 1688, from Returns in the State Paper Office. 
Edited by VV. Durrant Cooper, F.S.A. (Printed for the 
Camden Society). 

When we bear in mind how large a proportion of our 
more eminent commoners trace their origin to those 
Protestant Foreign Refugees who in old times sought an 
asylum in this country from the storms of religious and 
political persecution, there cannot be a doubt that in 
selecting the work before us for publication by the Cam- 
den Society, the Council has evinced sound judgment 
and a just appreciation of what will be at once acceptable 
to the members of the Society, and useful to historical 
students. The Lists contained in this volume are, first, 
those of the names of the French and other Refugees 
who, in 1622, were resident in St. MartinVle-Grand in 
London, and also of the foreigners who were then resi- 
dent in Canterbury, Norwich, and other principal places 
of refuge in England; and, secondly, lists of those refu- 
gees who came into this country between the years 1678 



and lf>88 during the troubles preceding and immediatelv 
following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, and to 
whom free letters of denization were granted by Charles II. 
and James II. Mr. Cooper, in his very able introduction, 
not only explains the circumstances under which these 
various lists were prepared, but adds to their historical 
value and interest by much curious biographical in- 
formation, identifying the various representatives of the 
Refugees now existing in the Bouveriea, Tvssens, Le- 
fevres, Marti nea us, &c. of our own time. While that 
nothing might be wanted to give value to the book, he 
has accompanied it by a most complete Index of the 
names of all the parties mentioned in it 

Black's Guide to the South- Western Counties of Eng- 
land, Dorsetshire, Devon, and Cornwall With Maps and 
Illustrations. (A. & C. Black.) 

Black's Picturesaue Guide to Yorkshire. With Map of 
the County, and Numerous Plans and Views. C Second 

Edition.) (A. & C. Black.) 

Where shall we Go? A Guide to the Watering - Places 
of England, Scotland, and Ireland. With Maps and 
Illustrations. Third Edition, revised and improved. (A. 

& C. Black.) 

Practical Swiss Guide Red Book for Switzerland, the 
adjoining Districts of Savoy, Piedmont, North Italy, Ac. 
By An Englishman Abroad. Sixth Edition. Fourteenth 
Thousand, f Simpkin & Co.) 

As the cuckoo heralds the Spring, so does the issue of 
innumerable Guide Books herald in the time when the 
roving Englishman and Englishwoman prepare to leave 
the comforts of their quiet every day lives for the change, 
variety, and incident of travel at home and abroad. 
Messrs. Black,*who have established a sort of supremacy 
in Guide Books for Scotland, have lately shown a strong 
disposition to cross the Border and challenge our re- 
nowned Murray on his own peculiar ground. We have, 
in the first of the works enumerated above, a very useful 
and instructive companion to the Tourist in the Southern 
Counties. The Yorkshire Guide has been newly ar- 
ranged in a way to combine an alphabetical and district 
arrangement of the various localities described ; while- 
JVTiere sliall we Go? in its improved and revised form 
is better calculated than ever to solve the difficulty im- 
plied in its interrogative title-page. Of the Swiss Guide 
we need say nothing more than that it bears on its title 
certain evidence of the popularity it has attained in the 
words, " Sixth Edition, Fourteenth Thousand." 



BOOKS AND ODD VOLUMES 



WANTED TO TURCHASE. 






Particulars of Price, %c., of the following Book to be sent direct to the 
gentlemen by whom it is required, and whose names and address are 
given for that purpose: — 

Sharon TVrnkr's Edward VI., Mary, and Elisabeth. 3rd Edition* 
1835. 2 Vols. 

Wanted by Messrs. Jlcnningham 9f Hollis, 6, Mount Street, W. 



#0ttrc3 to CDrrctfpanfcrntg. 



Owittfj to the number of short Replies trailing for insertion* we. have 
this wevk been compiled to omit a portion of our usual Notes on Books. 

A Constant Reader has only to run his eye over the Index to (he 
First Volume of our 3rd Series, issued tcith the present Number, for an 
answer to his question. ** N. & Q.," while intend d to assist the lit- mry 
man \n his studies, is equally intended to assist the general public in 
obtaining solutions to those inquiries which suggest themselves to all classes 
of readers, whether those inquiries refer to all usirnts, quotations, forgotten 
anecdote*, obscure phrases, or any other of those many Queries which 
the careful perusal of any book, worth reading, necessarily gives rise to. 

••Notes and Queries*' is published at wton on Friday, and is also 
issued in Monthly Part*. The Subscription for Stamped Copies for 
Six Months forwarded direct from the Publishers iincturling the Half- 
yearly Index) is lis. Ad., which may be void bu Post Office Order in 
favour q/Mbssrs. Bell and Da lot, 186, Fleet Street, E.G.? to whom 
all Com acr nic at ions roa th» Editor should be addressed. 



3 rd S. IL July 19, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



ESTABLISHED 1842. 

WESTERN, MANCHESTER and LONDON, 
and METROPOLITAN COUNTIES LIFE ASSURANCE 
AND ANNUITY SOCIETY. 



Chibf Offices : s. PARLIAMENT STREET, LONDON, and 

77, KING STREET, MANCHESTER. 






H. E. Bicknell, Esq. 

T. Somers Cocks, Esq., M. A., J.P. 

Geo. H. Drew, Esq., M. A. 

John Fisher, Esq. 

W. Freeman, Esq. 

Charles Frere, Esq. 

Henry P. Fuller. Esq. 

J. H. Goodhart.Esq., J.P. 

J. T. Hibbert, Esq.,M.A., M.P. 

Peter Hood, Esq. 



Directors, 

l The Hon. R. E . Howard , D.C.L 
James Hunt, Esq. 
John Leigh, Esq. 
Edm. Lucas, Esq. 
F. B. M arson, Esq. 
E. Vansittart Neale, Esq., M. A. 
Bonamy Price, Esq.,M.A. 
Jas. Lye Seager, Esq. 
Thomas Statter, Esq. 
John 13. White, Esq. 



Henry Wilbraham,Esq., M.A. 
Actuary, — Arthur Scratchley, M.A. 



1N T - 



Attention is particularly invited to the VALUABLE NEW 
CIPLE by which Policies effected in this Office do not become void 
through the temporary inability of the Assurer to pay a Premium, as 
permission is given upon application to suspend the payment at in- 
terest, according to the conditions stated in the Society's Prospectus. 

The attention of the Public is confidently invited to the several 
Tables and peculiar Advantages offered to the Assurers, which will be 
found fully detailed in the Prospectus. 

It will be observed, that the Rates of Premium are so low as to 
afford at once an immediate bonus to the Assured, when compared 
with the Rates of most other Companies. 

The next Division of Bonus will be made in 1861. Persons entering 
within tne present year will secure an additional proportion. 

Medical Men are remunerated, in all cases, for their Reports to the 
Society. 

No Charge made for Policy Stamps. 

The Rates of Endowments granted to young lives, and of Annuities 
to old lives, are liberal. 

o 

Now ready, price 14s. 



on 



MR. SCRATCHLEY'S MANUAL TREATISE 

BANKS, containing a Review of their Past History and 



Present Condition, and of Legislation on the Subject; together with 
much Legal, Statistical, and Financial Information, for the use of 
Trustees, Managers, and Actuaries. 

London: LONGMAN, GREEN, LONGMAN & ROBERTS. 



BROWN AND POLSON'S 

PATENT CORN FLOUR. 

In Packets, %d. ; and Tins, la. 

An essential article of diet, recommended by the most eminent 

authorities, and adopted by the best families. 

Itsuses are: —Puddings, Custards, Blancmange, Cakes. &c, and for 
light supper or breakfast, and especially suited to the delicacy of chil- 
dren and invalids: for all the uses of Arrowroot— to the very best of 
wliich it is preferred — it is prepared in the usual way. 



PARTRIDG3 <Sc COZENS 



Is the CHEAPEST 

PAPER and ENVELOPES, 
ream. Superfine ditto, 3s. 3d. 
Foolscap, 6s. (kl. per Ream. 
Super Cream Envelopes, Gd. 



HOUSE in the Trade for 

&c. Useful Cream-laid Note, 2s. 3d. per 
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Black bordered Note, 5 Quires for Is. 
per 100. Black Bordered ditto, Is. per 
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Books (C« pies set), Is. 6d. per dozen. P. & C.'s Law Pen (as flexible 
as the Quill), 2s. per gross. Name plate engraved, and 100 best Cards 
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2fo Charge for Stamping Arms, Crests, fyc.from own Dies, 
Catalogues Post Free; Orders over 20s. Carriage paid. 

Copy Address, PARTRIDGE & COZENS, 
Manufacturing Stationers, 1, Chancery Lane, and 192, Fleet St. E.C. 



HOLLO WAY'S PILLS.— The Direct Remedy. 
For the subjugation of disease, and the preservation of health, it 
is all-important to maintain the purity of the blood, and to keep its 
channels clear that no foulness or obstructions shall impede the life- 
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in restoring and protecting the human frame, and freeing it from 
Fevers, Influenzas, Congestions, Inflammations, Neuralgic and Gouty 
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mony, and completeness of these two systems depends the perfection of 
life — energy, health, and happiness. 



UNITED KINGDOM 

LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY, 

No. 8, WATERLOO PLACE, PALL MALL, S.W. 

Directors. 

The Hon. FRANCIS SCOTT, Chairman. 
CHARLES BERWICK CURTIS, Esq., Deputy Chairman 



EDWARD LENNOX BOYD, Esq. 

(Resident). 
WILLIAM FAIRLIE, Esq. 
D. Q. HENRIQUES,Esq. 
J. G. HENRIQUES, Esq. 
MARCUS H. JOHNSON, Esq. 



A. H. MACDOUGALL, ESQ. 
F. C. MAITLAND, Esq. 
WILLIAM RAILTON, Esq. 
THOS. THORBY.Esq., F.S.A 
HENRY TOOGOOD, Esq. 



SUPERIOR ACCOMMODATION AFFORDED BY THIS 

COMPANY. 

This Company offers the security of a large paid-up capital, held in 
shares by a numerous and wealthy proprietary, thus protecting the 
assured from the risk attendinz mutual offices. 

There have been three divisions of profits, the bonuses averaging 
nearly 2 per cent, per annum on the sums assured from the commence- 
ment of the Company. 

Sum Assured. Bonuses added. Payable at Death. 

£5,000 £1,987 10*. 366,987 10s. 

1,000 397 10s. 1,397 10s. 

100 39 15s. 139 15s. 

To assure €100 payable at death, a person aged 21 pays £2 2s. Ad. per 
annum; but as the profits have averaged nearly 2 per cent, per annum, 
the additions, in many cases, have been almost as much as the pre- 
miums paid. 

Loans granted on approved real or personal security. 

Invalid Lives. Parties not in a sound state of health may be insured 
at equitable rates. 

No charge for Volunteer Military Corps while serving in the United 
Kingdom. 

The funds or property of the company, as at 1st January, 1861, 
amounted to £730,665 7s. I0d., invested in Government and other ap- 
proved securities. 

Prospectuses and every information afforded on application to 

E. L. BOYD, Resident Director. 



its 



LAW LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY, Fleet Street, 
London. Established 1823. 

The invested assets of this Society exceed five millions sterling ; 
annual income is four hundred and ninety-five thousand pounds. 

Up to the 31st December, 1861, the Society had paid 
in claims upon death— sums assured - £1,329,378 

„ Bonus thereon - 1,115,298 



Together - £5,441,676 

The profits are divided every fifth year. All participating policies 
etfected during the present year will, if in force beyond 31st December, 
1864, share in the profits to be divided up to that date. 

At the divisions of profits hitherto made, reversionary bonuses exceed- 
ing three and a half millions have been added to the several policies. 

Prospectuses, forms of proposal, and statements of accounts, may be 
had on application to the Actuary, at the Office, Fleet Street, London. 

February, 1862. WILLIAM SAMUEL DOWNES, Actuary. 




ORING, ENGRAVER and HERALDIC 

ARTIST, 44, HIGH HOLBORN, W.C. — Official Seals, Dies, 
Diplomas, Share, Card- Plates, Herald Painting, and Monumental 
Brasses, in Mediaeval and Modern Styles — Crest Die, 7s.; Crest on Seal 
or Ring, 8s.; Press and CrestDie, 155.; Arms sketched, 2s. 6d.; in Colours 

5s. Illustrated Price List Post Free. 




"WINES OF FRANCE, SPAIN, ETC. 

EDGES & BUTLER solicit attention to their 

pure 

ST. JU1IB» GKASSTf 

at 20.?., 24s., 30s., and 36s. per dozen; La Rose, 42s.; Latour, Ms.; Mar- 
gaux, 60s., 72s. ; Chateau, Lafitte, 72."?., 81s., 96s.; superior Beaujolais, 24s.; 
Macon, 30s., 36s.; choice Burgundy, 48s., 60s., 72s., 84s.; pure Chablis, 
30s.. 36s., 48s.; Sauterne, 48s., 72s.; Roussillon,36s.; ditto, old in bottle, 
42s.; sparkling Champagne, 42s., 48s., 60s., 66s., 78s. 

SUPERIOR GOLDEN SHERRY, 

of soft and full flavour, highly recommended, at 36s. per dozen. 

Good dinner Sherry 24s. to 30s. 

High class Pale, Golden , or Brown Sherry 42s. „ 48s. 

Port, from first-class Shippers 36s. 42s. 48s. „ 60s. 

Hock and Moselle 30s. 36s. 48s. 60s. „ 120s. 

Sparkling Hock and Moselle 60s. 66s. „ 78*. 

Fine old Sack, rare White Port, Imperial Tokay, Malmsey, Fron- 
tignac, Constantia, Vermuth, and other rare "Wines. Fine Old Pale 
Co<rnac Brandy, 60s. and 72s. per dozen. On receipt of a Post-office 
Order or Reference, any quantity, with a Priced List of all other Wines, 
will be forwarded immediately by 

HEDGES & BUTLER, 

LONDON : 155, REGENT STREET, W. 

Brighton : 30, King's Road. 
(Originally established a.d. 1667.) 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8«* S. II. July 19, '62. 



Books for Sea-Side and General Reading. 



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**• The Supplement separately, 4to. 12s. 



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THE QUARTERLY REVIEW, No. CCXXIIL, 
is published THIS DAY. 

Contents : 
THE BRUNELS. 

DEAN HOOK'S ARCHBISHOPS OF CANTERBURY. 

SUSSEX. 

THE VOLUNTEERS AND NATIONAL DEFENCE. 

MODERN POETRY -DRYDEN TO COWPER. 

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THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC. 

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Church. 

London: LONGMAN, GREEN, & CO., 14, Ludgate Hill. 



On Wednesday, July 30, will be published, in 2 Vols. 8vo, 
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nISTORY of the ROYAL ACADEMY of ARTS, 
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With Biographical Notices of all the Members. By 
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London: LONGMAN, GREEN, & CO., 14, Ludgate Hill. 



BALDWIN'S HISTORY OF ENGLAND. 

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THE WATER CUKE in CHRONIC DISEASE; 
an Exposition of the Causes, Progress, and Termination of various 
Chronic Diseases of the Digestive Organs, Lungs, Nerves, Limbs, and 
Skin; and of their Treatment by Water and other Hygienic Means. 
By JAMES MANBY GULLY, M.D., L.R.C.S., and F.R.P.S. Edin- 
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** Dr. Gully has published a large and elaborate work on the Water 
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London: SIMPKIN, MARSHALL & CO., Stationers' Hall Court. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'* S. II. July 26, 'G2 



THE PIOUS EOBEET NELSON. 



Now ready, 8vo, with Portrait, price 10s. 6d. 



LIFE 



AND 



TIMES 



OF 



ROBERT 



NELSON 



) 



Author of «* COMPANION TO THE FASTS AND FESTIVALS OF THE CHUBCH." 

* 

BY THE REV. C. F. SECRETAN, 

Incumbent of Holy Trinity, Vauxhall Bridge Road. 



u Mr. Becretan has done Churchmen service by this excellent companion volume to Mr. Anderdon*f Life of Ken* written at it is with unaffected 
sense and feeling, and as the result of considerable research. The work is well and carefully done as a whole, and is written with a right spirit, 
and in a fair and sensible tone."— Guardian. 

•• Mr. Secretan has given us a careful, discerning, and well-written account of an English worthy, whose works are familiar as * household 
words ' in most homes, and whose life was spent in deeds of Christian philanthropy.**— M orning Post. 

** Mr. Seoretan*s biography Is worthy to take Its place by the side of those which old Izaak Walton has left us t and Nelson was just such a 
character as Izaak Walton would have loved to delineate. The record of his devout and energetic life is most interestingly traced by Mr. Becretan.*' 

John Bull* 

•* There can be little doubt that Mr. Secretan *s Life of Robert Kelson is an important addition to our Standard Christian Biographies.**. Notes 
and Queries. • 

" We think highly of Mr. Secretan*s book, as well fitted, both by its matter and manner, to do justice to the memory and example of the pious 
Robert Nelson."— Gentleman's Magazine. 

JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, W. 



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Terms, on nomination, 3J. a year, or 2/. a year with Entrance Fee of 61. \ 
Life Membership, J6J. Prospectus, Free. Catalogue, 9s. 6d. Open 
from 10 to 6. ROBERT UARRISON, Librarian and Secretary. 



CHRONICLES OF THE ANCIENT BRITISH 
CHURCH, previous to the Arrival of St. Augustine, a. d. 596. 
Second Edition. PostSvo. Price bs. cloth. 

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f. New Bond Street, W. 



3 fd S. II. Jolt 26, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



61 



LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 26, 1862. 

CONTENTS— No. 30. 

NOTES: — Clohir and Edmund Burke, 61 — Polk Lore of 
Devonshire, 62— A Romance of Real Life, lb. — Sir Francis 
Bacon's Fall, 63. 

Minor Notes : — Bishop Simon Patrick — Disunion of the 
American States anticipated Fifty Years Ago — Yorktown, 
Virginia, and the Nelsons — A Fact for Geologists — 
Walker's " Sufferings of the Clergy," 64. 

QUERIES : — The American Partridge — Anonymous Works 

— Bacon's Essays — James Biss, M.D. — Isaac Hawkins 
Brown — Church Notes by a Monk of Roche Abbey — 
Correct Armory — De l'lsle or De Insula Family — " Dub- 
lin and London Magazine" — Epigrams of Martial — Ec- 
centricities of Modern Religionism— Sir Thomas Mede — 
F. N.'s Rebellion Rewarded — Osgood Family — Peerage of 
1720 — Potter and Lumley Families — Quotations — Re- 
surrection Hymn — Sydserff — Ancient Ships — Speke — 
St. Paul's School — A Strange Story — The Bed of Ware— 
Whitehead Family, 65. 

Queries with Answers : — Penny Post — Paddington : 
Bread and Cheese Lands — Lord and Lady Henry Stuart 

— Beelzebub's Letter : the Will of the Devil — Medalet of 
Queen Anne — Medal of Admiral Vernon, 68. 

REPLIES : — Drewsteignton Cromlech, 70— Athenian Man- 
sion, lb.— Curious Characters in Gerard Legh, 71 — Dr. 
Johnson on Punning, 72 — Covcrdale's Bible, lb. — Mutila- 
tion and Destruction of Sepulchral Monuments — Dr. 
Nicholas Barbon and the Phcenix Fire Office — Did the 
Romans wear Pockets ? — The Blanshards — Sir John 
Strange— To cotton to— Customs in the County of Wexford 

— Biddenden Maids — Literature of Lunatics — Soul-Food 

— Theroigno do Mericourt — Jerusalem Whalley — Gossa- 
mer — Tennyson : Camelot, &c, 74. 

Notes on Books, &c. 



CLOHIR AND EDMUND BURKE. 

■ 

Dr. Napier, in the Lecture to which you lately 
drew attention, tells us on the authority of Bishop 
O'Beirne — as Prior, on the same authority, had 
told us long since — that every explanation of 
obscure points in the character of Edmund Burke 
will redound to his honour. I heartily hope so ; 
but why, then, denounce so fiercely all who ask 
for explanations ? 

One of the obscure points, referred to by your 
correspondent, related to the title of the Burkes 
to the little property of Clohir or Clogher. The 
question was not first raised by your correspon- 
dent ; not raised after Burke's death ; not when, 
as Dr. Napier tells us, Burke was " bearded and 
bullied " by " a faction " led on by Charles Fox ; 
but as early at least as 1773, when he was fore- 
most man in the opposition ; not by an English 
Whig, but by an Irish Tory, afterwards M.P. — 
the doctor should remember these distinctions — 
and it was revived years after by another Irish- 
man, General Sir. G. Cockburn, whose explanation 
was seriously damaging to Burke's character. 

It is not necessary to quote in extenso the state- 
ment of Sir G. Cockburn, as it was given by your 
correspondent (ante, 3 rd S. i. 161). In substance 
it amounts to this — that to elude the persecuting 
rigor of the penal laws, a Roman Catholic family 
made over their estate in trust to Garret Burke ; 



that Garret Burke, availing himself of their con- 
fidence, claimed and held the estate as his own, 
and bequeathed it to his brother Edmund ; and 
he gives the names of the solicitor who was em- 
ployed to recover it from Edmund, and who, 
finding the rigid letter of the law against the 
claim, appealed to Edmund's humanity, but with* 

out success. 

Dr. Napier thus explains the matter from, as 
we understand, the Records in the Court of Ex- 
chequer : 

" Clogher," he says, tl had been leased by Lord Done- 
raile to Edmundand Edward Nagle, for a term of thirty- 
one years, ending about the 1st of May, 1762. He 
further demised the same lands to Charles Butler, a Pro- 
testant, for the term of 999 years, to commence from the 
1st of May, 1762. The Nagles were Roman Catholics, 

id as the law then stood, they could not acquire a 
greater interest than for 31 years. Before the month of 
July, 1757, John Reade took the usual proceeding of 
what was called a Protestant discoverer, by filing a bill 
in the Equity Exchequer, in which he stated the making 
the lease to Butler, and that Butler had executed a de- 
claration of trust to Edward and Edmund Nagle. A 
decree was made in favour of Reade, who then became 
entitled to the leasehold interest. It is, how T ever, more 
than probable, that all this "was contrivance the more 
effectively to evade the operation of the odious and op- 
pressive laws ; that Reade was a friendly party, and was 
put forward in order to prevent any selfish member of 
the family, under the title of his conformity to Protes- 
tantism, from proceeding to appropriate the whole of the 
property, in which he could in justice have but a limited 
interest. In the leasehold, each of the next of kin might 
have a distributive share. The Nagle family had applied 
to Garret Burke to become the leaseholder, and on their 
solicitation, and on an arrangement with them, he con- 
sented. It is likely that in this way, Reade's name had 
been used as a formal plaintiff, for on the 2nd July, 1757, 
Reade conveyed all the interest he acquired under the 
decree to Garret Burke." 

The Doctor continues to argue after this 
fashion through many pages, and to illustrate 
with speculations about friendly suits and formal 
plaintiffs, presumed solicitations, and imagined 
engagements, all, as it appears to me, tending to 
prove the truth of General Cockburn's statement, 
that Garret Burke held the property in trust ; 
that all the forms of transfer from Butler to 
Reade, from Reade to Garret Burke, were " con- 
trivances ... to evade the operation of the odious 
and oppressive laws," and therefore that Garret 
could only have bequeathed it to Edmund, and 
Edmund could only have retained it, in continua- 
tion of the trust. So far, then, as relates to the 
title of the Burkes, the General and the Doctor 
do not differ ; the one briefly asserting what the 
other elaborately proves by argument and by 
facts from the Records. But here they separate, 
and here arises the moral issue. The General 
tells its, that though the Burkesheld this pro- 
perty in trust, they appropriated it to their own 
use, which the Doctor denies and denounces with 
unbecoming violence, and assumes " some family 



62 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'«« S. IL July 26, '62. 



arrangement," "whatever it was"! which the 

Burkes have never been shown to have " de- 



parted from, 
of the General 



ignorance 



Now, considering the 
the ignorance of the public, in- 
cluding the Doctor, of this "whatever it was" 
agreement, how could it be shown ? Inferential*/, 
indeed, a light is thrown on the subject by a pas- 
sage which, strange to say, appears, not in the 
Lecture, but in an Appendix ! 

44 As to the Clogher property, I have with the help of 
Sir Bernard Burke, ascertained that on the 1st July, 1790, 
it was conveyed by Edmund Burke to Edmund Nagle, 
who paid him 3000/. for it, and afterwards sold it for 
more. It is now obvious that Garret Burke had ad- 
vanced this amount when he got the title. The old 
method of lease and loan is familiar to Irish law}*cr8. 
The bill of discovery and decree was used to secure his 
title at the time. The property had originally belonged 
to the Nagles, but they had parted with it for value to 
Lord Doneraile. At the time of the making of the lease 
for 999 years, Lord Doneraile was owner in fee." 

What, because Edmund sold the property for 
3,000/., is it therefore " obvious " that his brother 
had given 3,000/. for it ? " obvious " that, because 
he sold it, his brother must have bought it ? Dr 
Napier has shown by many pages of argument, 
illustration, and fact, that, Garret Burke held the 
Clohir property in trust; and does he mean that 
44 the old method of lease and loan," or any other 
method, enabled a man, with honour^ to convert 
property which he held in trust, to his own use ? 
The only thing 44 obvious" to me is, that if the 
note in the Appendix be true, it confirms the 
statement of General Cockburn, and that the 
Doctor, the moment he received the information, 
ought to have suppressed the Lecture. 

What better success he has had with the Bea- 
consfield purchase, I will consider hereafter. 

J. R. T. 



FOLK LORE OF DEVONSHIRE. 

A farmer's widow has just told me the following 
scraps of folk lore applicable to Midsummer : 

1. If you sit in the church-porch about mid- 
night on Midsummer Eve, you will see everybody 
in the parish pass into church. Those who come 
out again will live, but those who do not come out 
will die before the year is over. 

2. On Midsummer Day pluck a rose ; fold it up 
in paper, and put it by till Christmas Day. On 
that day wear it at church ; and, presuming you 
to be a woman, the man who comes and takes it 



from you will be your husband. 

3. To try your fortune, the following experi- 
ment is made on Midsummer Eve at midnight : — 
An empty room in the house is selected, round 
the sides of this room on the floor, various objects 
are placed — a turf, a basin of water, a ring, and 
some others. Having been led into this room 
blindfold, and left to yourself, you walk at hazard, 



or creep on all fours. If you go to the turf, you 
will die before the year is out ; if to the basin of 
water, you will be drowned ; if to the ring, you 
will be married, and so on. 









4. Retiring to bed on Midsummer Eve, when 
you take your shoes off, place them in the form of 
a letter T, and repeat these lines — 

" I place my shoes like a letter T 
In hopes my true love I shall see, 
In his apparel and his array, 
As he is now and every day." 

Then change the shoes, so as to make the down 
stroke with the one that was the top stroke before, 
and repeat the lines again. Reverse them, and 
say the lines for the third time. Having written 
a letter of the alphabet on so many little pieces of 
paper, throw them all into a basin of water with 
their faces downwards, and place the basin under 
the bed. Then go to bed, but be sure not to 
speak after having repeated the above lines, or 
the charm will be broken, though friends in the 
room do all they can by asking questions. In the 
morning examine the basin. If any of the letters 
have turned over, face upwards, they will indicate 
the name of your future husband. 

5. Having dug some ground in the garden, take 
hempseed, and walking round the bed at mid- 
night on Midsummer Ever, sow the seed whilst 
repeating the following lines : 

" Hempseed I set, hempseed I sow, 
He who will be my true love, 
Come after me and mow," 



The old 



who told this, said she was 



afterwards walking in a hay-field, when one of the 
mowers cut the grass so close behind her, $hc was 
afraid he would have cut her legs. Of course that 
was the man she married. She didn't say she 
didn't walk before him though. 

6. On raking out the fire on Midsummer Eve, 
sift the ashes fine, and leave them in a heap on 
the hearth. Examine them the next morning, 
and if any object is represented on them, your 
future fortune will be foretold thereby. The 
person who related this said her mother tried it 
when young, and she saw in the ashes the repre- 
sentation of a waggon, waggoner, and team of 
horses. And sure enough it told true, for she 
afterwards married one of the waggoners of the 
late Lord Rolle of Bicton, Devon. — All the above 
experiments were made by women. 

P. Hutchinson. 



A ROMANCE OF REAL LIFE. 






Will you allow me to invite the attention of 
your readers, or, at least, those among them who 
are interested in genealogical questions, to a story 
which went the round of the papers under the 



fr* S. II. July 26, '62.] 



QUERIES 



63 



The 



above heading about twenty years ago? 
"romance" was, briefly stated, as follows : 

The Hon. Francis North, son of Francis, the 
second Lord Guilford, married in the year 1728, 
Lucy Montagu, daughter of George, Earl of Hali- 
fax, by whom he had a son Frederick, and a 
daughter. On the death of his father in 1729, Mr. 
North succeeded to the barony of Guilford, and 
the earldom was conferred on him in 1752. 

His son Frederick is well known to the readers 
of history as the Prime Minister of George III. 
But his daughter's story is involved in obscurity 

and mystery. 

Both, it is stated, were consigned to the care of 
the same foster-mother in their infancy ; but 
while the son was subsequently taken charge of 
by his father, the daughter seems to have been 
entrusted to her mother's relatives, then resident 
in or near Grosvenor Square. At twelve or 
fourteen years of age she was removed to Bushy 
House, then the residence of the Earl of Halifax 
and his sisters, by whom the education of the 
young lady was carefully superintended. 

At that time (about the year 1748) the Earl of 
Halifax held office in the Admiralty, and was fre- 
quently waited on by a Mr. Brett, who, it seems, 
was in someway introduced to the lady, his relative. 
An intimacy was speedily formed between them, 
which it was found expedient to check, and the lady 
was in consequence sent to Preston, Lancashire, to 
the house of a Mr. Astley, then the mayor of the 
town, for the purpose of breaking off the acquaint- 
ance. While here, she was assured that Mr. Brett, 
supposing she had gone to France, had set out 
in pursuit of her, and, in returning, had been 
drowned between Dover and Calais. The 



was an invention. Distressed at th 






story 

intelligence, 



the young lady immediately went back to London, 
and sought out her foster-mother, to whom she 
communicated her grief, and her indignation at 
the treatment she had experienced at the hands of 
her family. She added that she would never see 
them again, but that she would accept the hand of 
the first man who would offer himself, if he were 
at all eligible. 

At that time there was living with the foster- 
mother a nephew, a young man of respectable 
origin and parentage, who was in the metropolis, 
with a view to improvement in business. The 
foster-mother communicated to him the declara- 



tion of the lady, 
offer of marriage ; 



He thereupon made her an 
she accepted him, and they 
were married within three days at Keith's Chapel, 
May Fair ! Neither of them was eighteen ye^rs 
of age — their ages united did not number thirty- 
five. After a short stay in London, the young 
pair removed to Preston where they settled ; but 
ever after the wife was ignored and repudiated by 

* Preston Chronicle, Sept. 1842. 



the relatives who had deceived her in the first in- 
stance. 

Mr. Brett, the lover of the Lady North, became 

member for Sandwich, and was one of the Lords 
of the Admiralty during the existence of the coali- 
tion ministry of Lord North and Mr. Fox. He 
died unmarried. 

Such is the substance of the story which ap- 
peared in the newspapers in the year 1842. 

My purpose in inviting attention to it is to ask 
if any of your readers, who may have in their pos- 
session peerages or genealogical memoranda dat- 
ing from 1734 to 1750, tfould oblige by referring 
to them to ascertain whether any and what mention 
is made in them of a daughter of Francis, the 
third Lord Guilford, by his first wife, nee Lady 

Lucy Montagu ? 

In Debrett (ed. 1840) no such person is men- 
tioned. 

In Collins (ed. 1756) " a daughter Lucy, who 

died an infant" is mentioned. 

In the Gentleman s Magazine for April, 1734, 
occurs the following announcement: 

"The lady of the Lord Guilford of a daughter." 

In the same Magazine for May, 1734, among the 
deaths, appears this entry : 

" Ma}' 7, 1734. The lady of the Lord Guilford, and 
daughter of the Earl of Halifax." 

But I cannot find — indeed I can positively 
affirm — that there is no entry of the decease of 
the daughter of Lord Guilford (born in 1734) in 
any number, early or late, of the Gentleman's 

Magazine. 

If there be any other authorities than those here 
referred to, which any of your readers will turn 
to, they will oblige Jaytee. 



SIR FRANCIS BACON'S FALL. 

The various articles touching puns that have 
appeared in your columns, do not seem to have 
determined when punning versification first came 
into fashion. The following, which I metwith in 
MS. in a contemporaneous hand, and which I do 
not remember to have seen in print, is a good spe- 
cimen of its kind ; and revels in play upon words 
almost as plentifully as may be found in any 
modern burlesque or extravaganza. Is there any 
way to gain a clue to the author ? 

" A Ballad upon the Removing of S 1 ' Francis Bacon from 

the Office of L^ Chancellor. 

" Great Verulam is very lame, the goute of go -out feeling, 
He humbly beggs the crutch of state, w th falling sick- 
lies reeling ; 
Diseased, displeased, greives sore to see that state by 

fate shold perish, 
Unhappy that no hap can cure, nor high protection 

cherish. 



64 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'<* S. II. Joly 2G, '62. 



Yet cannot I but mervaile much at this in com on reason, 
That Bacon should neglected be when it is most in 
season. 

Perhaps the game of Bucke hath vilified the Bore, 
Or else his crescents are in warr, and he cann hunt no 
more. 

Be it what it will, the Relative your Antecedent moving, 
Declines a case accusative, the dative too much lovinge. 
Young this greife will make the old, for care w th youth 

ill matches ; 
Sorrow makes Mutas muse, that Batchers under hatches. 
Bushell wants by halfe a pecke the measure of such 

teares, 

Because his Lord's posteriors mako the buttons y 1 he 
weares. * 

Though Edney be casheired, greif moves him to com- 
passion, 

To thinke how suddainely is turn'd the wheele of his 
ambition. 

Had Butler lived, he'ad vext and greived this dismall 
day to see, 

The Hogshead y* so late was brocht to run so neere 
the [lee]. 

Fletcher may goe feather bolts for such as quickly 
shout them ; 

Now Cockin's combe is nearly cutt, a man may soone 
confute him. 

The Red rose house lamenteth much, y* this unhappy 
day 

Shold bring this fall of leafe in Marche before y e spring 
in May. 

Albones much consoles y e losse of this great Viscount's 
charter, 

Who suffering for his conscience' sake, is turned Fran- 
ciscan Martire." 

Ithueiel. 



flflmar floU*. 



Bishop Simon Patrick. — An unpublished ma- 
nuscript of the celebrated Simon Patrick, formerly 
Lord Bishop of Ely, has recently been discovered 
by Mr. J. D. Denman, B.C.L., of St. John's Col- 
lege, Cambridge, and has been purchased by the 
Dean and Chapter of that ancient See, for the 
library attached to the magnificent cathedral. Its 
date is 1674. D. 

Disunion of the American States antici- 
pated Firrr Years Ago. — Mr. R. Dinmore, who 
wrote from Washington, was a frequent contri- 
butor to the Monthly Magazine. In a letter which 
appeared in that periodical, under date Jan. 1, 
1811, he says, 

" Now that my pen is in hand, I will remark that the 
observations of an annual reviewer, distinguished for the 
correctness of his judgment on most subjects, are often 
extremely erroneous when applied to the United States. 

" As I have not the volumes of the Annual Review at 
hand, I shall content myself with observing on one train 
of thought which seems to hauut its editor. Mr. Aikin 
dwells perpetually on the dissolution of our general go- 
vernment and the separation of the States as an event 
not barely probable but unavoidable. And this opinion 
he derives from the impossibility of legislating by uniform 
law for the hardy freeman of the East, the voluptuous 
slave-holder of the South, and the daring subjugator of 
the western wilderness. 



M These are truths," continues the writer, " I shall not 
attempt to controvert." Nevertheless Mr. Dinmore finishes 
his letter by an attempt to controvert them, but admits 
that the business of the government is simply to regulate 
the exterior concerns of the United States. He then says, 
" The Charter of the United States Bank will expire on 
March 3, 1811, and a report upon the subject is already 
submitted to Congress. The report advises to increase 
the capital of the bank, so as to admit the different States 
to become subscribers to it in their sovereign capacity ; 
thus they will become interested in the continuance of 
our Federal Constitution. But there are other hoops 
at our command by which we may bind our political 
barrel." 

Could Mr. Dinmore have lived to the present 
time, I think he would admit that a new cooper 



was required at Washington. 

Chiswick. 



Septimus Piessk. 



»* 



Yobktown, Virginia, anj> the Nelsons. 

It may be desirable to secure a niche in " N. & Q. 
for the following scrap, cut from the Times, July 1. 
It is from a letter of the American Correspondent 
of that journal, dated Yorktown, June 13 : 

" The most stately building of Yorktown belonged to 
the Nelson famil}-. It is a substantial good old brick 
house, which looks yet comfortable, old as it is. On one 
side you still see many traces of gunshots from the first 
siege. One of the shots passed through the wall, and 
went through several rooms full of people without hurting 
one of them. 

" Strolling around the wooden church, some grave- 
stones indicated that there was a churchyard. It looked 
desolate and wretched. Some of the crosses were torn 
down, the graves levelled, and waggons and carts going 
over them. If you can find nothing else to tell you the 
history of a place, the churchyard will give you at least 
some glimpses of the past, and I began to read the in- 
scriptions on the few graves which had not been de- 
molished. The oldest I saw was that of Thomas Nelson : 

" * Generosi filius Hugonis et Sariae Nelson de Penrith, 
in comitatu Cumbrian, natus 20rao die Feb. a.d. 1677.* 

" He died in 1745. His tombstone is headed by his 
arms, bearing a bar and three lilies. A few paces from 
this grave is the tomb of another Nelson : 

« « Hon. William Nelson, Esq., late President of His 
Majesty's Council in this dominion, in whom the love of 
man and the love of God so restrained and enforced each 
other, and so invigorated the mental power in general, as 
not only to defend him from the vices and follies of his 
age and country, but also to render it a matter of difficult 
decision in what part of laudable conduct he most ex- 
celled, whether in tender or endearing accomplishments 
of domestic life, or in the more arduous duties of a wider 
circuit; whether as a neighbour, a gentleman, or a 
magistrate ; whether in the graces of hospitality or pietv. 
Reader, if you feel the spirit of that exalted ardour which, 
aspiring to the felicity of conscious virtue, animated that 
. . . relating . . . ine admonitions, perform the task and 
respect the distinction of the righteous man. Ob. 19th 
Nov., An. Dom. 1772, JStatis 61.' 

44 On another gravestone I found, — 

w * Here lieth interred the body of Mary Sansum, who 
departed life the 23d of Oct., 1786, aged 23 years.' 

■ And on another, 

" 4 Here lreth the body of Jane Frank, the daughter of 












3** S. IL Jolt 26, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



65 



Mr. VVm. Koutb, of Kirklington, in Yorkshire. She died 
on her passage at sea April 26, and was interred May 28, 
1753, aged 28 years." 

XJ • 

A Fact for Geologists. — A large block of 
rock, exceedingly hard, covered over with minor 
swellings, or bulgings, of a dark-brown colour, 
and smooth surface, of the calculated weight of 
four or five tons, has been recently found in 
marl, on the S.W. outskirts of the city of Win- 
chester, about 2 feet 6 inches beneath the surface, 
in digging for the foundation of a new house. 
The huge stranger is quite alien to this locality, 
which abounds in chalk. 

It has the appearance of having been disrup- 
tured from some kindred bed of rock, as it mani- 
festly has a base 5 feet 3 inches by 4 feet 5 ex- 
treme, from which it shapes off all round to a blunt 
ridge. So placed, it stands 4 feet high, while its 
circumference is about 13 feet. It lay, it seems, 
on its side, and the bed in which the monster 
lay presented a perfect cast of the same, and 
looked like brown plaster, so that when the rock 
settled in the same, it must have been in a moist 
pliant state. What mighty process or convulsion 
of nature, countless ages ago, could thus have 
rent this rock from its kindred bed, and banished 

it to this its distant resting-place ? or rolled it up 
the vale of the Itchen ? 

Fortunately it has fallen into the hands of a 
gentleman (one of the Masters of the College), 
who will preserve it. . A. V. W. 

Walker's "Sufferings of the Clergy." — It 
might be useful to supplement Walker's Attempt 
by notices of evidence referring to the subject. 
To begin with, I would mention an interesting 
account of the Rev. Stephen Nettles, minister of 
Lexden, given in Gent's Mag. (New Series), xlvi. 
500 (Oct. 1856). Walker says he u was unable to 
learn the particulars of his ill-usage." C. J. R. 



tikuzxizi. 



The American Partridge. — Cobbett in his 

Rural Rides, p. 128, writes 

"I am very happy to hear that that beautiful little 
bird the American Partridge has been introduced with 
success to this neighbourhood, by Mr. Leech at Lea (in 
Wiltshire). I am told that they have been heard whist- 
ting this summer (1822). They are a beautiful little par- 
tridge, and extremely interesting in all their manners." 

Will any of your Wiltshire readers please inform 
me, through your medium, if this interesting par- 
tridge is found in numbers in that or the adjoin- 
ing counties, and is it preserved, or included in 
the list of game birds, or left to breed as other 
birds, and charm by their whistling ? 

Fra. Mewburn. 

Larchfield, Darlington. 



Anonymous Works. — Can any reader name 



the authors of the following ? 



1. Poems : Odes and Elegies. Glasgow: Chap- 
man, 1810. The author must at this time have 
been an old man, for I identify him as a writer of 
poetry in Ruddimaris Magazine as far back as 

1773, when he signed himself " M., Carse of 
Gowrie." 

2. Fugitive Pieces, written during a Residence 
in Foreign Parts, 8vo, pp. 82. This is all the 
title. On the back : — 

" A few copies of the following pieces are printed at 
the desire of two or three friends. If they should happen 
to fall into the hands of any one to whom they will not 
afford any amusement, it is at least hoped they will not 
furnish any cause of disgust. " 

The first half of the volume is " A Journal " of a 
run through Portugal, commencing June 5, 1787 ; 
the remainder is poetical. The author speaks 
of his jmpilsj and his happy days at St. John's 
College. 

3. Poems, consisting of Tales, Fables, Epigi % ams, 
8fc, by Nobody. A lively volume. 12 mo. London, 
and T. Saint, Newcastle, 1770. A. G. 

Bacon's Essays. — In his Essay " Of Envy," 
Bacon says, "There is no other cure of Envy but 
the cure of Witchcraft ; and that is, to remove the 
Lot, as they call it, and to lay it upon another." 

Again, in the Essays " Of Wisedome for a Man's 
selfe," "It is the Wisedome of Crocodiles, that 
shed tears, when they would devoure." 

Can any of your readers supply me with illus- 
trations of these two passages ? I have been 
unable at present to trace the practice referred to 
in the former. W. A. Wright. 

Cambridge. 

James Biss, M.D. — I should be glad of inform- 
ation respecting this physician ; who was, I believe, 
a benefactor to Wadham and All Souls' Colleges, 



Oxford. He was born about 1670, and was a 
member of the former Society. C. J. R. 

Isaac Hawkins Brown. — In The Letters of 
Peter Plymley, I find the following foot-note : 

" In the third year of his present Majesty, and in 
the thirtieth of his own age, Mr. Isaac Hawkins Brown, 
then upon his travels, danced one evening at the Court 
of Naples. His dress was a volcano silk with lava but- 
tons. Whether (as the Neapolitan wits said) he had 
studied dancing under St. Vitus, or whether David, 
dancing in a linen vest, was his model, is not known ; 
but Mr. Brown danced with such inconceivable alacrity 
and vigour, that he threw the Queen of Naples into con- 
vulsions of laughter, which terminated in a miscarriage, 
and changed the dynasty of the Neapolitan throne.'" 

Is there any foundation for this statement ? If 
so, what ? T. Lampray. 

18, Clement's Tnn. 

Church Notes by a Monk of Roche Abbey. 
Can any of the readers of " N. & Q." point out 



;j 



66 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3 rd S. II. July 26/62. 



the resting place of a very curious volume of 
Church Notes, said to be compiled by a monk of 
Roche Abbey ? It was in the possession of a Mr. 
Edward Canby, of Thome, Yorkshire, in 1720, 
when the Rev. Ab. De La Pry me, F.R.S., made a 
partial manuscript of its contents. He mentions 
that it was bound up with other MS. matter. It 
may assist to mention that Mr. Mordecai Cutts, of 
Thome, was Mr. Canby's grandson, and died 1787. 

Henry Moody. 

Correct Armory. — Can any of your heraldic 
correspondents inform me whether a coat is cor- 
rect armory which has the field and chief "or" 
and M argent," t. e. metal on metal ? Or, whether 
there is such a charge as " parti per chief." 
Leigh's Accidence of Armorie, date 1612, p. 180, 
gives an instance in which this must often occur : 
that of a daughter who is heiress to her mother 



(also an heiress), and not to her father ; to whom 
he assigns her maternal coat, with the arms of her 
father on chief. Burke would put the fathers 
arms op, a canton ; but in either case metal on 
metal, or colour on colour, would often occur. 

Elpmeti. 

De l'Islk or De Insula Family. — What is 
the most authentic sources of information to trace 
the branches of the family of De Insula or De 
l'lsle, or Warren de l'lsle ? Some English fami- 
lies are named as being descended from Warren 
(Earl Warrenne, the Conqueror's brother-in-law), 
others from Bryan de l'lsle, who had lands at 
Bryanstone, Dorset ; others from Wm. de l'lsle. 
Any information respecting these families or 
branches will be thankfully accepted ? Also, as 
to the point whether the Lisles of Upway, several 
of whom bore the name of Warren, were of any 
branch of the De Insula family ? C. 

41 Dublin and London Magazine."— Who was 
the editor of this magazine (4 vols. 8vo, London, 
1825—1828)? Abiiba. 

Epigrams op Martial. — In 1773 there was 

published, by Wilkie, a farrago entitled Epigrams 
of Martial, 8fC, with Mottos from Horace, #•<?., 
translated^ imitated, and addressed to the Nobility, 
Clergy, and Gentry ; with Notes, Moral, Historical, 
Explanatory, and Humorous; by the Rev. Mr. Scott, 
M.A., late of Trinity College, Cambridge. Dedi- 
cated to Garrick, Column, and Foote. This at first 
sight would seem to be a production of the Rev. 
James Scott ; but looking to the contents, may it 
not be satirical upon Anti-Sejanus alias Old Sly- 
boots f I have another copy, without Scott's 
name, with a title better befitting the work : — 

M The Wit's Miscellany ; or a Companion for the Choice 
Spirits. Consisting of a great Variety of odd and un- 
common Epigrams, Facetious Drolleries, Whimsical Mot- 
tos, Merry Tales, Fables, &c. All calculated for the 
Entertainment and Diversion of Good Company, and to 

pass a Winter Evening in Mirth and Good llumour. 



London: Printed for the Author, and sold to anybody 
that will buy it," &c, 1774. 



re-issue ? Or is it the title of some 
which a former proprietor may have 

On the 



Is this a 
other book, 

substituted as the more appropriate ? 
paper cover of the first is written " Mr. Garrick"; 
and on the fly-leaf, " Ex dono Auctoris — Major 
Old-Fox, Dec. 31, 1772." J. O. 

Eccentricities op Modern Religionism. 
In the concluding paragraph of an article on "The 
O-Christians " just published (July 5) in The Sa- 
turday Review, the writer observes : 

"Considering that Dr. dimming is a recognised 
preacher, and is accredited by The Times, and that Mr. 
Congreve not long since inaugurated a temple for M. 
Comte's worship at Wandsworth, and that Johanna 
Southcote is a fact of recent historj% and that the Quar- 
terly Review has adopted the Irish Revivals, and that 
hundreds, perhaps thousands, of English Christians have 
accepted the Book of Mormon and the religion of Joe 
Smith, and that some forty or fifty years ago Mr. Tay- 
lor, the Platonist, sacrificed a ram to Jupiter in bis back 
parlour at Walworth, we should not be at all surprised 
if Mr. Mann, the Registrar, had to chronicle in the next 
census of English sects the ' O-Christian 9 as an actual 
working religion. It is not the only, if the strangest, 
Neo-Christianity which we owe to this nineteenth cen- 
tury." 

I shall be glad to get some detailed information 
about the "temple" for the Positive Philosophers * 
at Wandsworth ? I would also ask, what authority 
is there for the story about Taylor the Platonist ? 

The article referred to is a review of a most ex- 
traordinary work entitled — 

" Miranda. A Book divided into Three Parts, entitled 
Souls, Numbers, Stars; on the Neo-Christian Religion. 
With Confirmations of the Old and New Doctrines of 
Christ, from Wonders hitherto unheeded in the Words 
and Divisions of the Bible ; of the Facts and Dates of 
History ; and in the Position and Motions of the Celestial 
Bodies. Vol. I. containing Parts i. and il Printed and 
published by James Morgan, 48, Upper Marylebono 
Street, London." 

ElRlOKNACH. 

Sir Thomas Mede. — There is in the north aisle 
of the Chancel of St. Mary, Redcliffe church, 
Bristol, a large tomb to the memory of Sir 
Thomas Mede and his brother Philip, the former 
of whom was bailiff of Bristol in 1438, and sheriff 
in 1452, and had a residence in the parish of 
Wraxall, in the county of Somerset. Can any of 
the readers of " N. & Q." give me any account of 
the descendants of either of these gentlemen, and 
who at present is their representative ? J. T. 

F. N.'s Rebellion Rewarded. — I have in my 
possession a small quarto manuscript, entitled, 

" Rebellion rewarded, being an account of the affairs in 
Ireland after the Restoration of King Charles 2 nd in 
1GG0." 

It is in the form of a letter, containing thirty 

4 See a review of a curious pamphlet on " Religious Posi- 
tivism " in The Saturday Review, July 20, 1857, vol. iii. 
p. 5C7. 









3 rd S. II. July 26, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



67 



Osgood ? 



closely-written pages, and signed at the end 

F.N. 

Can ajiy of your correspondents give me in- 
formation regarding it, whether it has ever been 
published, and who the writer F. N. may have 
been ? Tuos. E. Winnington. 

Stanford Court, Worcester. 

Osgood Family. — Can any of your numerous 
readers give me information of the family of 

There are very few of the name in 
England at present, but the descendants of Chris- 
topher and John Osgood are numerous in the 
United States. 

At the time of Domesday survey, the Osgots 
and Osgods were found in nearly half the coun- 
ties of England. In more modern times, the 
Osgoods were chiefly settled in Hants and Wilts. 
I have a pedigree of one branch of the family, 
settled at Marlborough, Wilts, and commencing 
about 1600, in which occurs the name of Christo- 
pher ; but I am not prepared to say if he is the 
same as the one previously referred to, who was 
admitted freeman by the General Court of Massa- 
chusetts, May 6, 1635 ; and who settled at Ipswich, 
in New England, shortly after. John Osgood is 
said to have emigrated from Andover, Hants, and 
to have been born July 23, 1595. He was ad- 
mitted freeman by the Massachusetts' General 
Court, May 22, 1639; and settled at Andover, 
Massachusetts, in or before 1645. 

Another John Osgood, of Low Leighton, Essex, 
and of Whitehart Court, Gracechurch, leased 
ground in Plough Court, Lombard Street, in 1669, 
and built Nos. 2 and 3. His estates descended by 
marriage to the Hanburys. 

John Osgood, of Andover, Massachusetts, 
brought with him from England the arms of his 
family as follows, worked in tapestry or worsted : 
Or, three garbs ; the crest the same as given be- 
low. Berry's Encyclopedia states the arms of 
Osgood of London to be : Argent, three garbs 
within a double tressure, flory and counterflory, 
gules. Crest. A demi-lion rampant proper, sup- 
porting a garb, gules. Probably the first are the 
original arms. O. 

Peerage of 1720. — Who was the compiler of a 
Peerage (small 24mo demy, with plates of the 
arms, &c.) of this date ? And is there any earlier 
edition ? Uuyte. 

Capetown, S.A. 

Potter and Lumley Families. — Archbishop 
Potter related to a family named Lumley of Carl- 
ton-Miniot, near Thirsk. What was the connec- 
tion, and of what family were the Lumleys? Any 
particulars respecting them will oblige ? 

Elpmeti. 

Quotations. — Will any correspondent kindly 
state the writer of the following lines, and in what 
work they may be found ? 






"For wounds like these Christ is the only cure! 
Go, speak thou to them of the world to come, 
Where friends shall meet and know each other's face; 
Say less than this, and say it to the winds." 

II. 

Where are the following lines to be found ? 

"See in Beren's (?) pool reflected 
Wave the cattle's graceful shapes ; 
And Murillo's soft boy- faces 
Shine amid the sunny grapes." 



S. 0. M. 



Cork. 



should be glad to have 



Resurrection Hymn. — Can any reader of 
" N. & Q." acquainted with the various editions 
of Tate and Brady s Version of the Psalms, kindly 
state at what period the hymn commencing "Jesus 
Christ is risen to-day " was appended, and (if 
known) who composed it ? 

In the seventh edition of A Supplement to the 
New Version of Psalms, by Dr. Brady and Mr. 
Tate, 1712, this hymn does not appear, so that it 
must have been added in some subsequent edition. 

Daniel Sedgwick. 

Sun Street, City. 

Sydserff. — In the Commissariat of Edinburgh, 
there are the following entries : 

"1631. May 4. William Sydserff of Ruchlaw, par. of 
Stentoun, Haddington." 

« 1G70. Mav 19. Sir Archibald Svdserff, Mer. bur. of 
EdinV 

The above surname, being very uncommon, I 

explanation of its 

origin. In the above registers are many other 
curious names, with their evident variations, as 
" Hangitside" for the present Handaside, or Han- 
disyde, and others, in which the letters g and z 
are used apparently indifferently. Spal. 

Ancient Ships. — In the Itotidi Normannice, 
5 Henry V., 1417, are mentioned the names of 
nearly every kind of ship then in use. Among 
others, Helebotes, Farecosts, Coggeships, Balin- 

Information is requested re- 
garding the form and other particulars of these 
vessels, and the derivation of the names. 

Desdichado. 

Speke. — What is the origin of the word speke, 
which is attached to the names of various places 
in England, ex. gr. Bamford Speke ? It is also 
given to one very ancient locality in Lancashire, 
without any prefix. T. 

St. Paul's School. — The scholars of St Paul's 
School acted, in 1770, Abradates and Panthea, a 
play. Are the names of the actors given in any 
of the newspapers or magazines of the day ? Is 
this the last occasion of a play acted at St. Paul's 
School ? Zeta. 



geres, and Collets. 



A Strange Story. 



The following was told 



me the other day. Can any of your readers vouch 



68 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'<* & II. July 26, '62, 



for the correctness, and let ine know when it oc- 
curred ? 

During the assizes at Exeter (?) Judge Hol- 
land presided at a trial for murder. The evidence 
left no doubt as to the guilt of the man in the 
dock. To the astonishment of everybody the 
jury acquitted him. That night the judge was 
dining alone; a man who wished to see him was 
admitted. 44 I am going to tell you something 
which I wish you not to reveal for three days." 
The judge agreed to this. "Well, sir," he con- 
tinued, " I am the man who committed the mur- 
der. It was not the man who was tried this 
morning. I was foreman of the jury, and from 
knowing all the circumstances of the case, I 
pointed out to the jury various discrepancies in 
the evidence, and got them to bring in a verdict 
of not guilty. Tomorrow I leave for America, 
but make this confession to you in case anybody 
else should be charged with the murder." He 

P. E. A. 



was not heard of again. 



The Bed of Ware.— In vol. v. of the 1 st S. of 
11 N. & Q." p. 128, there is an inquiry as to the 
history of this celebrated bedstead, to which the 
mere allusion of Shakspeare has given immor- 
tality. The reply (p. 213) refers the querist to 
an engraving which Mr. Knight, in his edition of 
the Twelfth Night, has offered, as better than any 
" description." But still the original query re- 
mains unanswered : What is the history of this 
relic ? When and for whom was it made ? Why 
of such huge dimensions? and whence did it de- 
scend into its present depository, the Crown and 
Bull Inn, at Ware. J. E. T. 

Whitehead Family. — Will any of the readers 
of " N. & Q." be pleased to say, is " Whitehead " 
Saxon or Norman ? " Pengwyn " is the Welsh, 
and has Winne anything to do with it? Their 
arms are 3 fleur de lys, which is said to have 
originated in 481, with Clovis, after the battle of 
Talbiac and his marriage with Clotilde. 

I never found any of these people assume any 
rank ; and imagine they originated at Bury, in 
Lancashire. 

In 1300 Nicholaus Whitehead, or Whyteheved, 
was " manucaptor " of Gilbartus de Donale Citi- 
zen, returned for York 28 Edw. I. ; and % 

In 1302 Johannes Whyteheved, manucaptor of 
Willielmus de Wanton, knight of the shire, re- 
turned for Gloucester 30 Edw. I. ; and 

Johannes Whyteheved, burgess, -returned for 
Truro, Parliament at Northampton, in 15 days of 
St. Michl., Oct. 13, 1 Edw. IL 

Next I find in an old poem, translated from the 
Breton, that a chronicle of the drowning of the 
44 Kaer-is," in Armorica, in the fifth century, was 
recited by Thomas Pen-venn, that is 44 Whitehead," 
a peasant of Tregunk, which induces me to think 

the Whiteheads were ancient TCritisV whn wonf ** 



Armorica, and returned perhaps with the Con 
queror, and so got the fleur de lys. T. W. 



Otterirrf tottf) <Hn£tomf. 

Penny Post. — The penny postage system was 
introduced, I believe, in 1840; but in a volume 
of State Poems, published in 1697, and in which 
the names of Milton, Prior, Lord Rochester, &c, 
appear as authors, I find a poem M On the late 
Invention of the Penny Post by Mr. Dockwra." 
Can you tell me if the system then introduced 
was similar in every respect to that now in use ? 

The poem concludes : 

" Hail mighty Dockwra, son of Art! 
With Flavio, Middleton, or Swart, 
In the foremost ranks of Fame, 
Thou shalt fix thy lasting Name: 
Nor new Inventor's Fate thee hurt, 
To be damned or beggar'd for't." 

It is curious to find that a system, possessing 
such manifest advantages in these days, should 
have been tried and abandoned so much earlier. 
The difficulties and expense attending the trans- 
mission of mails, doubtless occasioned the cessa- 
tion of the undertaking. R. Turner. 

[In The First Report of the Postmaster- General on the 
Post Office, presented to Parliament in 1856, very full 
and curious details will be found illustrative of the his- 
tory of the Post Office. From this report, p. 11, we 
learn that, "in 1683, a Penny Post for the conveyance of 
letters and small parcels about London and its suburbs 
was set up by Robert Murray, an upholsterer, who 
assigned the same to William Dockwra. This was de- 
nounced by the ultra-Protestant party as a contrivance 
of the Jesuits; and it was alleged that, if the bags were 
examined, they would be found full of Popish Plots. . . . 
Dockwra seems to have conducted his undertaking with 
success for some years, till its profits excited the envy of 
the Government, who seized it on the ground of its being 
an infringement of the rights of the Crown ; though a 
Pension of 200/. a-year was afterwards granted to Dockwra 
by way of Compensation. This was the origin of the 
London District Post, of which Dockwra was subse- 
quently appointed Controller. ... In 1G98 Dockwra was 
removed from the office on a charge of mismanagement." 
The particulars of this charge will be found in the same 
Report (pp. 12, 13,) where we are told that, in 1708, an 
attempt was made by Mr. Povey to establish a Halfpenny 
Post in opposition to the Official Penny Post ; but this 
enterprise, like Dockwra's, was suppressed by law.] 

Paddington : Bread and Cheese Lands. 

"Sunday, 18 Dec. 1737. This day, according to annual 
custom, bread and cheese were thrown from Paddington 
steeple to the populace, agreeable to the will of two 
women, who were relieved there with bread and cheese 
when they were almost starved ; and Providence after- 
wards favouring them, they left an estate in that parish 
to continue the custom for ever on that day." — l^ondon 
Magazine, Dec. 1737, p. 705. 

" Mr. Lysons informs us, that * Some lands said to have 
been given by two maiden gentlewomen for the purpose 
of distributing bread, cheese, and beer among the inhabi- 
tants (of Paddington) on the Sunday before Christmas 
Day, are now let at 21/. per annum. The bread was 



3 rd S. II. July 26, '62 ] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



69 



formerly thrown from the church steeple to be scrambled 
for, and part of it is still distributed in that way.' " 
Hughson's London, §*c, 1809, vol. vi. p. 440. 

" Among the parochial charities (of Paddington) the 
anniversary festival of an Abbot of Westminster is thought 
to explain 'the Bread and Cheese Lands;' and until 
1838, in accordance with a bequest, bread and cheese 
were thrown from the steeple of St. Mary's church, to be 
scrambled for in the churchyard." — Timbs's Curiosities of 
London, 1855, p. 563. 

These " Bread and Cheese Lands" in Padding- 
ton, which were worth 21 J a-year when Lysons 
wrote (sixty years ago), and w hen Paddington was 
" contiguous to the metropolis,'* but " containing 
many rural spots which appeared as retired as if 
at a distance of many miles," are probably of suffi- 
cient value now to provide bread and cheese to a 
very considerable extent indeed ! It would be 
interesting to know where these lands are situated ; 
and in what manner the bread and cheese are now 
distributed amongst " the populace." There is 
nothing in Dugdale in connection with the West- 
minster Abbey Lands in the parish, or in the ad- 
joining hamlet of Kilburn, to bear out any such 
hypothesis as that hinted at by Mr. Timbs. 

S. H. H. 

[The bread and cheese lands consist of three parcels : 
1. A piece of arable land lying in the common field, 
called Bayswater-field, containing 2£ acres. 2. Another 
piece of land (formerly two) containing one acre, two 
roods, and twenty-four perches, lying on the south-west 
side of the Harrow road at Westbourne Green. 3. Ano- 
ther piece of meadow or pasture land, lying near Black 
Lion Lane, containing one acre or thereabouts. With 
the rents of this land it was formerly the custom to pur- 
chase bread and cheese, which, on the Sunday before 
Christmas, were thrown down from the church among 
the poor assembled in the churchyard. Latterly, a less 
objectionable mode of distribution has been adopted : 
bread and coals are now given by the minister and parish 
officers to poor families inhabiting the parish, of whom a 
list is made out annually for the churchwardens, stating 
their residence and occupation, and the number of chil- 
dren under ten years of age : and much care is taken in 
selecting those to receive this gift who are most de- 
serving. One or two four-pound loaves, and one or two 
bushels of coals are given to each family, according to its 
number. No distinction is made between parishioners 
and unsettled resident poor, nor between such as do not 
receive parochial relief. For a more extended account of 
this bequest consult Wm. Robins's Paddington : Past and 
Present, pp. G2-64, and the Report of the Commissioners 
concerning Charities, 1826.] 

Lord and Lady Henry Stuart. — Cobbett, in 
his delightful volume of Rural Rides, p. 73, 
writes: — 

" I could not pass by the Grange Park (Alexander 
Baring's residence) without thinking of Lord and Lady 
Henry Stuart, whose lives and deaths surpassed what we 
read of in the most sentimental romances. Very few things 
that I have met with in my life ever filled me with sorrow 
equal to that which I felt at the death of this most virtu- 
ous and most amiable pair." 

Will you, or any of your readers, please refer 
me to any work in which I shall find a memoir of 

this " most virtuous and amiable pair " ? There 



must have been something peculiar in their cha- 
racters to call forth so enviable an eulogium from 
the pen of Mr. Cobbett, But, I may observe, 
whene he does indulge in praise, it is richly merited. 

Fra. Mewburn. 

Larchfield, Darlington. 

[This appears to be only an expression of personal 
friendship towards an amiable couple. Cobbett met with 
Lord Henry Stuart in America, and when he left that 
country in 1800, presented his Lordship with "a small- 
headed and sharp-nosed pointer, hair as fine as that of a 
greyhound, little and short ears, very light in the body, 
very long-legged, and swift as a good lurcher." (Rural 
Rides, p. 275.) Lord Henry Stuart was the fifth son of 
the Marquis of Bute, and married July 1, 1802, Gertrude- 
Emelia Villiers, sole heiress of George Villiers, last Earl 
of Grandison. Lord Henry died at VValdershare in Kent 
on the 11th August, 1809, and his lady on the 30th of 
the same month at the Bull Inn on Shooter's Hill on her 
way to town. They were both interred in the family vault 
at Cardiff Castle.] 

Beelzebub's Letter : the Will op thb 
Devil (3 rd S. ii. 6.) — The curious tract of which 
your correspondent J. M. gives an account re- 
minds me of a little black-letter book which I 
once saw at Bp. Cosin's Library, Durham. The 
title was as follows : — 

" G The Wyli of the Devyll, with his x detestable 
Commaundementes ; directed to his obedient and accursed 
Chyldren, and the Kewarde promised to all suche as obe- 
diently will endeuer themselues to fulfill them. Verve 
necessarie to be read and well considered of all Chris- 
tians. 

" d Imprinted at London by Richarde Johnes." 

The copy I saw was apparently incomplete, and 
terminated thus : — 

" (E Written to our faithfuli Secretaryes Hobgoblin 
Rawhed and Bloodybone; in the spitefull audience of 

all the court of Hell. Teste meipso. 

" C The . . ." 

An extract will give your readers some idea 
of the style in which it is written : 

"Item: I geue to everyche of the cheefest men of 
Lawe, a Moyle, to bringe'hym to Hell, and two right 
handes to helpe himselfe withall, to take money of bothe 
parties : And to euery of these Pety bouget me of law and 
Tearmers, a couple of Geldynges for hym and his man to 
ryde up & downe, & a Bouget to put their Sup penas in, 
to cracke the poore men withall in the cuntrey." 

Is the author of this quaint production known, 
or the circumstances under which it was brought 

out? I suppose the date was about 1590. 

C. J. R. 

[Forty copies of this very rare work were reprinted at 
Edinburgh about the year 1825, to which the Editor has 
prefixed the following " Notice" :— " Although the Devil's 
WUlhs& been assigned to George Gascoigne, the claim 
put in for him rests on rather a slight foundation. It is 
said ' that a copy appears to have been in the library of 
the Hon. Topham Beauclerk. See Paterson's Catal. 
Bill Beauclerk, 1781, Part I. No. 4137, where it is as- 
cribed to George Gascoigne.' (See Gascoigne's Princely 

Pleasures, &c. ed. 1821, Introductory Preface, p. 17.) 



70 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3** S. IL July 26, 'G2. 



Upon (his authority it is inserted in the list of Gas- 
coigne's works given in the British Bibliographer, i. 80. 
It is by no means impossible that Gascoigne may have 
been the author, but there arc various circumstances 
which militate against this supposition. The indefati- 
gable Anthony Wood makes no mention of such a pro- 
duction ; and in Whetstone's Poetical Life no notice is 
taken, or allusion made to it. In addition to which, it 
is to be remarked, that Gascoigne uniformly puts his 
name to all his publications ; and although the piece in 
question is satirical, still the satire is genera), and by no 
means so personal as it is in the Steele Glas, of which 
poem Gascoigne makes no scruple to avow himself the 
author. The Devtfs Will is a very curious performance, 
and merits preservation as a severe, but tolerably just 
satire upon existing habits. It derives no little interest 
from its minute catalogue of the vices of the time." 
There is a copy of the original work in the Advocates' 
Library.] 

Medalet of Queen Anne. — I have a medalet 
struck on very thin brass, about the size of a 
florin. Obv. The bust of Queen Anne: legend, 
41 Anna D. G. Mag. Br. Fr. Et Hib. K.;" beneath 
the bust, the letters " I. D. R." Rev. The front 
elevation of a church, with three cupolas ; legend, 
14 Eccl.es. Angl. Fundamentum Quietis Nostra." 
Would some reader kindly inform me on what 
occasion was this medalet struck ? 11. C. 

Cork. 

[This medalet of Queen Anne is a High Church medal, 
struck probably about the time of Sacheverell. Similar 
reverses will be found on medalets of other sovereigns, 
viz. George I. &c. &c] 

Medal of Admiral Vernon. — My gardener 
has brought me a medal, which he dug up in my 
garden. On one side is a naval officer, ship, and 
cannon, with an inscription : " The British Glory 
reviv'd by Admiral Vernon." On the other six 
ships and a fort, surrounded by the words : " Who 
took Porto Bello with Six Ships only, Nov. 22, 
1739." The medal is as good as new. Is it at 



all rare? 



C. J. R. 



[This was struck upon the taking of Porto Bello. 
Vernon was a strong opponent of Walpole and his pacific 
measures. He rashly declared in the House of Commons 
that he could take Porto Bello with six ships. He was 
taken at his word and he kept it, and at once became 
the idol of the populace. The medal is of abominable 
workmanship, but such was the demand for it that up- 
wards of 100 varieties of it are in the national collection 
in the British Museum.] 



SUpltat. 

DREWSTEIGNTON CROMLECH. 

(3' d S. ii. 27.) 

In reply to the Query as to the above, I will 
first remark that, in my opinion, the cause of the 
fall is not to be ascribed u to foul play." Living 
in the next parish, I often visit the cromlech. 
I was at it for a considerable time three days 
before its fall, and then there wure no rictus of 



the earth being disturbed about the upright stones ; 
and when I visited it again, within a few days, no 
change appeared to have taken place, save that 
which was evidently caused by the fall. The 
quoit, prior to the accident, rested on the tops of 
of two stones, and against the sloping side of the 
upper part of the third. In Lysons's Devonshire, 
p. cccviii., there is a woodcut showing the quoit 
resting on the two stones ; the manner in which it 
rested against the third is not there seen. The 
cause of the fall I consider to have been this: 
the heavy quoit has acted as a wedge on the stone 
against which it rested (and which still remains), 
and has pushed it a few inches backwards ; the 
ground, which is a light granite gravel, being 
saturated by the unusually long rains of this 
spring, and thus rendered softer than usual ; the 
giving way of this stone would cause the quoit to 
move forwards, and it would draw with it the two 
stones on which it rested. The action on these 
two stones was clearly seen at the time of the 
accident. One stone (that on the left hand in the 
woodcut) was only about eighteen inches in the 
ground, and this has been drawn over ; the other 
(that to the right) was of weak coarse granite; 
this was moved a little, and then it broke off near 
the surface of the ground. As the fall of this 
I believe the only perfect cromlech in Devon- 
shire — has caused much regret, I have occupied 
a considerable space in stating what I consider to 
have been the cause ; and the above is the result 
of a very careful examination made shortly after 
the accident. Probably if the green sward had 
been preserved for a few yards round the crom- 
lech the fall would not have taken place ; but the 
field has been in tillage, and the support has been 
diminished by the gradual lowering of the sur- 
face thereby, and the action of Dartmoor storms 
on the broken up soil, in which the upright stones 
had but a slight hold. On the day of the fall, the 
wind was unusually violent. An able stone-mason 
in this town was instructed by a gentleman residing 
in the parish of Drewsteignton shortly after the 
fall to make the needful examinations preparatory 
to restoring the cromlech, and I believe that it is 
intended to proceed with the same as soon as the 
corn crop, which now surrounds it, is removed. 
I had taken several outline drawings of the crom- 
lech before it fell, so fortunately exact working- 
drawings exist by which it can be replaced. 

G. Wareing Obmerod. 

Chagford, near Exeter. 









ATHENIAN MANSION. 

(3 rd S. i. 386.) 

All that is known, and much which has been 
guessed, about Athenian mansions, may be found 
in Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman 



3 rd S. It July 26, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



71 



Antiquities, art. "House (Greek)." One such as 
that described in the extract would probably have 
brought upon its occupier that species of income- 
tax called Liturgies, and vividly described by 
Mr. Mitchell in the preface to his edition of the 
Vespce, p. ix. 

I do not often intrude criticism into " N. & Q." 
but I feel obliged to dissent from S. T. G.'s 
opinion that Mr. Mitchell is " a faithful trans- 
lator." At present I quote only one example, 
and that the nearest — the first two lines cf The 

I Wasps : 

" Sosias. Why, Xanthias, my toy (shakes him), why 
what ails the poor boy? Some affection upon him is 
creeping." 

" Xanthias. These eyes (rubbing them) so much ache, 
that (yawns) a lesson they take in the (yawns) sweet 
little science of sleeping." 

" Sosias. OurdSj rl Trdo~x* iS > & KaKodaifiov "ZavOla ; 
"Xanthias. tyvXanrju Kartikveiv vvKTtpiv)\v 5i5ao7co^cu." 
1 vv. 1, 2. 

The first line is diffusely paraphrased, the 
econd is not translated at all. Mr. Mitchell in 
note cites Aristotle (Polit. v. 8), which shows 
that he knew the meaning of cpvKaKi)v KaraXveiv, 
pnd put in something else. His stage directions 
are equally unwarranted: 



! " A magnificent mansion, with a large net spread over 
its noble fore-court, occupies the stage. The bristling of 
spears, and the occasional appearance of armed centries 
from its spacious avenues, show that a strict surveillance 

I is kept over some prisoner lodged within it. Before the 
Joor stand two slaves in mock suits of Phrygian armour, 
find with spits in their hands instead of spears. A plen- 
tiful supply of flasks, cups, and goblets on the stage, 
ishows on what materials the fatigues of the night-watch 
have hitherto been supported, but even these now prove 
inefficient. >? 

So far as we can gather from the play, Bdely- 
leon is a gentleman in good circumstances, whose 
father has no pecuniary temptation to serve as a 
Uicast, but the way in which he describes the 
■influence which the triobulum had on his coming 
home, v. 603, does not indicate a family of great 
wealth. For the " armed centries" the only autho- 
rity is Philocleon's telling the chorus 

Kara ras 8i6bovs (r/co7na>poiWcu, 
Tw 5e Zv avr&v iirl raicri Bvpais 
Clcnrsp /j.e yu\rjv Kpea KKi^aaau 
Tnpovvip cxovt oSeAiV/coas ."— vv. 359—364. 

- 

The hoplites are " in buckram suits." The real 

guards are Sosias and Xanthias, by whom (v. 5) 

philoclcon is watched, and who would not have 

been so careful to keep each other awake, had 

rmed men traversed the passages. The reference 

o Sabazios (v. 9) shows they had been drinking; 

but there is no more warrant for the " flasks, 

ups, and goblets " on the stage, than for the 

somewhat contradictory direction for Sosias to 



" apply his pitcher to his mouth," and Xanthias 
his " flask." 

Sosias and Xanthias have been sleeping. Mr. 
Mitchell makes each sleep and dream " for the 
course of four or five lines" on the stage after 
the play has begun. I have looked into other 
translations and commentaries, and I believe that 
he is original in that view. 

I have confined myself to the opening of the 
Vesper, and, I think have shown that, so far, 
Mr. Mitchell is not a " faithful translator." There 
yet is more behind, but I have already taken as 
much space as I can expect. Mr. Mitchell's notes 
are learned and valuable ; he understood and 
admired his author; but there was one merit which 
he seems not to have felt — condensation. He 
seldom gives us Aristophanes, and very often 
something totally different ; but his versification 
is good, and his matter generally spirited and 
sometimes Aristophanic. II. B. C. 



U. U. Club. 



n 



CURIOUS CHARACTERS IN GERARD LEGII. 

(3 rd S. ii. 9.) 

These are the cabalistic characters called by 
the llabbins "the passing of the river," mixed 
with other cabalistic characters called the "celes- 
tial writing," and others called "Notariacon. 
The language is probably Rabbinical Hebrew. 
There are, however, two difficulties which render 
it almost impossible for any one, except a very 
expert Talmudist, to make out the verses. The 
first is, there is no division of the letters into 
words. The next, that the "Notariacon 1 ' points 
are wanted ; so that most of the characters may 
stand for one of three various letters; thus, L may 
be either p, \ or N. Had one, two, or three 
points been added it would have been the first, 
second, or third of these letters, reckoned, of 
course, from right to left, as Hebrew is written. 
If any Talmudical scholar would like to try what 
can be made of the verses, I subjoin them in He- 
brew characters ; premising that where three 
letters are bracketed together, he may take any 
one of the three, but only one, while the single 
letter must be taken absolutely. If he wishes to 
know more on this subject he will find it in De 
Occulta Philosophia of Henry Cornelius Agrippa, 
lib. iii. cap. xxx., folio, Mechlin, 1533. As the 
line would be too long for the width of your page 
I will give each bracket of the Notariacon by it- 
self, with a number ; and, in transcribing the line 
as it stands in Gerard Legh, will use the number 
instead of writing the three letters over and over 
again. 

Bracket number 1 is (p*K), 2 DM). 3 (g^J), 4 {TSOTW 
5 rpil), 6 ODD, 7 (jyt), 8 (*]£)[!)> and 9 (f XD)- 

Then bearing in mind that one letter only is to 



72 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3 f * S. IL July 26, '62. 



be selected from each bracket; and using the 
number instead of writing out each bracket at 
length, the verses will stand thus ; and, if Hebrew, 
as I surmise, will, of course, read from right to 
left. 

fi. *, y, : , 4, 6, D. s, *, l, e\ 2, j, 3, % ;. 

N, 3, i, 2, (qy.) ^ 3. (qy). 3. 3, p, \ i, : , d, i, d, 2, * > 

In the " celestial M alphabet the character for * 
is used in the " passing the river " for p : what 
the dots mean I cannot guess. 

Occult writers say the tradition is, that the 
" Celestial* 9 writing was the earliest Hebrew cha- 
racter ; that it was succeeded, in the times of the 
Kings by that called " Melachim," or the royal 
writing ; then at the Babylonian captivity by that 
called the "passing of the river" (probably the 
Euphrates) ; and that the present Hebrew character 
was introduced by Ezra. Can any Rabbinical 
scholar inform us further on these matters ? 

A. A. 

Poets' Corner. 



DR. JOHNSON ON PUNNING. 
(3 rd S. i. 371, 498 ; 3 rd S. ii. 3<X) 

11 Leonard. Do you mean to say, Sir, that that aphorism 
is not in Lord Bacon ? Why, I have seen it quoted as his 
in almost every newspaper, and in almost every speech 
in favour of popular education. 

A< Riccabocca. Then that should be a warning to you 
never again to fall into the error of the would-be scholar, 
viz. quote second hand." — My Novel, book iv. chap. 19. 

I am very sorry that I should upset the equa- 
nimity of Mr. Douglas Allpobt, but this result 
always ensues, so my experience teaches me, 
when you show that a man's practice is contrary 
to his theory. He laid down the rule of the 
necessity of " practically, personally, and in situ 
investigating all the belongings of the objects " 
that attract our attention, but in the two cases to 
which I referred him he does not speak from 
practical or personal experience, but only from 
quotations. In the last instance he says he de- 
layed answering a question because it seemed 
trivial and unimportant Are we then to presume 
that a saying may be attributed to a great man, 
and its absurdity made current by the use of his 
name? And when the authenticity is questioned, 
are we to be told that it is trivial and unim- 
portant ? With regard to his remarks in connec- 
tion with the Pipe Rolls, permit me to say I was 
present, and shared with many the impression 
that I stated, and I well remember the alacrity 
with which the respected Secretary of the Kent 
Archaeological Society replied to him. 

In The Builder of August 10, 1861, there was 
an account of the meeting, from which I extract 
the following : — 

" In the evening Mr. Douglas Allport read a paper on 
Antiquities. The inference drawn by most of his audi- 
tors was that he preferred conjecture to evidence, and 



that he did not value the Pipe Rolls and other docu- 
ments of a similar character. This was a strange corol- 
lary to his quotation, * book openeth book.' It called 
up Mr. Larking, who claimed the greatest value for these 
truly historical evidences. Mr. Allport explained that 
he only meant in their untranslated form, and that they 
were too dry for general perusal. This did not mend 
the matter, as he ought to be aware of the pains taken 
by Mr. Larking to put in a popular form those papers of 
which he has superintended the publication.' 9 

But, Mr. Editor, an ample apology is due to 
ou from myself. Your correspondent states that 

ought not to insist on his being severely logical, 
seeing that my style is so flighty and figurative. 
I was not aware of this ; but for the future, when 
I venture to put another question through the 
medium of " N. & Q.," I will endeavour to be as 
solemn and sober as a judge, in the hope that my 
respondents may not have the inductive process 
of their minds impaired by my frivolity, or their 
judgments rendered inconsequential by my flights. 

In the paragraph in which your correspondent 
" reverts to the original question, did the great 
Doctor ever say anything so illogical, &c," he 
seems to me to make sad havoc with the law of 
evidence. Because the learned Doctor had an 
aversion to puns, and because he was violent and 
unguarded in his denouncement— ergo, it is more 
than probable that he " broke out into " the ex- 
pression so generally attributed to him. His- 
toric doubts would soon be settled if you admit 
such an argument as this. In the case of the last 
words of Pitt to which your correspondent alludes, 
they could be easily settled by him, at least to his 
own satisfaction, thus : — Knowing Pitt's patriotism, 
seeing how many of his financial schemes had not 
answered his expectations, and knowing the 
amount of national debt incurred while he was 
minister, it is more than probable that he u broke 
out into" the expression "O my country, my 
poor country ! " 

With respect to the last request that I should 
give my real name and address, I can see no 
object to be attained by this. I am a very 
humble aspirant for the truth, and I am content 
to get it by means of a pseudonym ; or if I have 
any reason to urge, I would rather that convic- 
tion were enforced by the correctness of my 
conclusions than by the authority of my name. 
On the one hand I am not ambitious to adver- 
tise myself, and on the other, I do not desire to 
contribute to my amour propre that delight which 
we are told arises from seeing one's name in 
print. Clarry. 


















COVERDALE'S BIBLE. 

(3 rd S. i. 433 ; ii. 10, 35.) 






If this book be the unique copy of "the lost 
edition" of Tyndale's Bible, which Mr. Offor 
supposes it to be, a further description of it may 



3*<* s. II. July 26, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



73 



be acceptable to such of your readers as are in- 
terested in the subject, and may help to deter- 
mine tbe question either for or against this 

hypothesis. 

Tbe size of this quarto is 9J by 6h inches : the 
type being 8 by 5-g- inches, including the heading 
line, the catch word at the bottom, and the mar- 
ginal references, respectively. The binding, now 
damaged by age, is plain black calf, fairly tooled 
with a leaf from an old Latin Psalter or Service 
Book, with square musical notes and red initial 
letters, pasted inside each cover. The preliminary 
matter is printed, not in columns, but across the 
whole page, except the Calendar ; which, with the 
text itself, is in double columns, with sixty-two 
lines in each column, exclusive of the heading 
line and catch word, as far as chap. vii. ver. 27 
of the Second Book of Esdras inclusive ; after 
which it has sixty-one lines in a column, for the 
most part. The contents are given at the begin- 
ning of every chapter, and there are marginal 
references : each chapter being also marked at 
the side by capital letters, A, B, C, D, &c, 
though not according to space or number of lines, 
but subjects apparently. 

The initial letters throughout both the Old and 
New Testament have, for the most part, the same 
or florigated patterns ; and the text of both is 
evidently off the same fount of types, but I cannot 
find, in the initial letters of the Old Testament, 
the three figures mentioned in my last letter. 

There are five title-pages : of which the first, 
for the whole volume, and the last for the New 
Testament, have already been given in " N. & Q." 
(3 rd S. i. 406; ii. 10). The first part, contain- 
ing the Pentateuch, occupies eighty-seven folios. 
The second title is this : " The seconde parte 
of the Byble contaynynge these bookes " ; and 
then follows immediately, on the same page, the 
list beginning with " The booke of Josua," and 
ending with IC The booke of Hiob" [Job], occu- 
pying one hundred and thirty-two folios. The 
third title-page runs, " The thyrde parte of the 
Bible, contaynynge these bookes," beginning with 
44 The Psalter, The prouerbes, Ecclesiastes, Can- 
tica canticorum," and 4{ The prophetes " — 'from 
"Esay" to "Malachy" — of which the colophon 
is, 44 The ende of the prophecy of Malachy : and 
consequently of all the prophetes," one hundred 
and fifty folios. The fourth title-page is, l4 The 
volume of the bookes called Hagiographa," be- 
ginning with <4 The thirde booke of Esdras," 
and ending with 4 ' The seconde booke of the 
Machabees," eighty-eight folios. On the re- 
verse of this fourth title-page is an address, u To 
the Reader"; stating that whereas these books, 
44 whiche are called Hagiographa (because they 
were wont to be redde, not openly and in comen, 
but as it were in secret and aparte), are nether 
founde in the Hebrue nor in the Calde : . . . And 



that also they are not receaued nor taken as le- 
gitimate and leafull .... we haue separate them 
and set them aside, that they may the better be 
knowen." In which we may remark, that the rea- 
son is right, but the derivation wrong ; the writer 
having palpably mistaken 44 Hagiographa," for 
44 Apocrypha." This address, with the heading 
and ending, occupies fifty-four lines ; printed, 
not in columns, but across the page ; and con- 
cludes with, 44 So be it." The Book of Ecclesi- 
asticus ha 



only the second of the two Prologues 
now prefixed to it, but very differently translated. 

The fifth part, or New Testament, occupies one 
hundred and twelve folios, the last folio contain- 
ing part of the Table being lost, except a frag- 
ment. It is curious that in the Bible itself the 
Apocrypha is placed in the usual position ; but 
in the preliminary matter in the " abbreviation" 
of the books, the 44 Apocripha" (sic) is put be- 
tween the second and third parts, after the Book 
of Esther, as Mr. Offor describes Coverdale's 
quarto. 

The books have generally the Hebrew name 
given : as, for instance, 44 The first boke of Moses, 
called in the Hebrue Bcrcscliith^ and in the Latin 
Genesis." Again : 44 The fifth booke of Moses, 
called in the Hebrue Ellehaddebarim, and in the 
Latin Deiiteronomiam." But the Son" of Solomon 

CD 

is termed " The Ballet of Ballettes of Salomon, 
called in Latin Canticum Canticorum" There 



many errata, especially in the paging; thus, in the 
first part, folio 29 is put for 39 : in the second 
part, folio 14 for 10, and 15 twice repeated instead 
of 16 ; and so in the third part. 

In the language generally, and often in the 
spelling, this translation approaches far more 
nearly to our authorised version than the later 
edition by Froschover in 1550. 

I will finish this description by giving a few 
verses, which appear to me to afford a fair speci- 
men, from the Old and New Testament ; which, 
without encroaching much on your valuable space, 
may enable your readers to collate this transla- 
tion with that of any other edition to which they 
may have access. 

[Gen. ii. verses 15—20.] " The Lorde God also toke 
Adam, & put hym in to tbe garden of Eden, that he 
myght dresse and kepe it. And the Lorde God com- 
manded Adam, saying: Eatyng, thou shalt eate of euery 
tre of the garden,' but as touching tbe tre of knowlege 
of good and euell, thou sbalt not eate of it: Els, I what 
daye soeuer thou eatest therof thou sbalte dye tbe death. 
And agayne the Lorde God sayde : It is not good that 
Ada should be alone: 1 wyl make hym an belpe, which 
may be presente with hym. And so out of the grounde 
shope the Lorde God euery beaste of tbe felde, and euery 
foule of tbe ayre, and brought it vnto man : tbat he 
myght se how be would call it. For lyke wyse as man 
bymself named euery lyuyng thyng, euen so was the 
name therof. Man hym self tberfore named the names 
vnto all catell, and foule of the ayre, and to euery beaste 
of the felde. And for man founde be not an belpe, that 
myght be psent wytb hym." 



74 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3**8. II. July 26/02. 



[S. Luke i. verses 1 — 5.] " For as rauche as many hauo 
taken in hale to set forth the declaraciO of those thinges, 
which are moost surely to beleued amoge us, euen as they 
delyuered the vnto vs, which frO the beginnyngo sawo 
the with their eyes and were ministers of the thinges 
that they declared : I determined also (as sone as I had 
searched out diligently all thinges frO the beginnyng) 
that then I wolde wryte unto the, good Tbeophilus: that 
thou mightest knowe the certenty of those thinges where 
of thou hast bene infourmed. 

" C The first Chapter. 

•' <I The concepcion and birth of John the Baptist. The con- 
ception of Christ. The thankful songe* of Mary and zachary. 

44 There was in the dayes of Herode, the kyng of Jurie, 
a certayne Prieaste named zacharias of the course of 
Abia. And his wyfe was of the daughters of Aaron : & 
her name was Elizabeth: they wer both ryghteous be- 
fore God, and walked in all the lawes and ordinaunces of 
the Lorde, that no man could find fawte with them." 

As my only object is to ascertain the truth, I 
shall be glad to know: 1st, What is the evidence 
that there ever was an edition of Tyndale's Bible 
published in 1537? 2ndly, If, as one authority 
supposes, this copy be a mixed one, and chiefly of 
Cranmer's Bible of 1550, how is the fact of its 
having the title-pajre and preliminary matter of 
Coverdale's of 1537, an edition thirteen years 
earlier in date, to be accounted for ? 

Edwd. A. Dayman. 

Shillingstone Rectory, Blandford. 



E. A. D., and other gentlemen who have writ- 
ten on this subject, appear at a loss to understand 
what version, or even what edition, the Bible is. 
Why it is supposed to be any edition of Tyndale's 
version, I do not see explained. E. A. D. says, 
that he has compared six verses of my Reproduc- 
tion of the first edition of Tyndale's Testament, 
and finds " no less than fourteen variations, many 
of them very important." I think the editions of 
Tyndale's Testament have not been so much al- 
tered as this would indicate. I find in the same 
six verses, Math. viii. 9 — 14, only five variations 
between the first edition of Tyndale's Testament 
and the well-known first edition of Tyndale's 
Bible (as some call it), folio, 1537, by "Thomas 
Matthew." I submit, therefore, it is not likely 
that any edition, if found, of the same year, will 
contain fourteen variations in six verses. This 
folio, which was edited by John Rogers, has al- 
ways been supposed to be the only edition in that 
year, with so much of Tyndale's version as he had 
translated.^ ^ Where is there any evidence that a 
quarto edition has been lost, as George Offor, 
Esq., in his last letter supposes ? And I would 
also beg leave to remark, that I do not see how 



the Bible of E. A. D. is proved to be a lost edi- 
tion of Tyndale's version, because certain texts in 
it do not agree with a "Coverdalc in4to, 1537, or 
with Taverner's Bible, 1539, or with the quarto 



Coverdalc and Tyndale, 1530,"* &c. I would 
suggest, that the mystery may be solved in a way 
I nave explained many such difficulties. The 
volume will, I think, prove to be made up of two 
editions or more. I have not seen it; and, there- 
fore, only give the idea as probable. The title 
and preliminary are perhaps one edition, 1537 ; 
and the text is, I conclude, that of Cranmer's ver- 
sion, 4to, by Whitchurch, 1550 — which I have. 
The reasons why I think so are these : E. A. D.'s 
Bible, Genesis xli. 7, reads, as he tells us — u And 
se it was a drearae." So does the 4to Cranmer. 
The same reading is in the 1539 Cranmer, as some 
call it; and in the first edition by Cranmer, April, 
1540. I have all the folio editions of Cranmer's 
Bible, and could refer to them, but it would not 
strengthen the argument. The 4to Cranmer also 
agrees with E. A. D.'s Bible in all the other 

Eoints he describes. Esther ends on fol. xx. The 
few Testament title is the same wording. 1 John 
v. 7, is in smaller type; and the initial letter he 
describes as used 1 Peter, &c, is used in several 
places in the 4to Cranmer. 

I shall be most happy to compare the Bible with 
mine, if E. A. D. will do me the favour to call on 
me with it, or send it to me. Francis Frt. 

Cotham, Bristol. 

[We gladly avail ourselves of the opportunity here 
afforded us to call attention to Mr. Fry's faithful and 
valuable reprint of the "only known copy of the first 
edition of Tyndale's New Testament;" perhaps the most 
interesting book in our language. The following parti- 
culars of this reprint may interest man}' of our readers, 
and certainly deserves to be put upon record as an evi- 
dence of the great pains taken by the editor to insure 
accuracy : — 

*• It contains 692 pages of close small type; is a faith- 
ful representation of the original ; and will be valued not 
only as a Version, but as showing the state of the Eng- 
lish language, the style of the printing, the orthography 
(which is very irregular), the punctuation, the divisions 
of the words at the ends of lines (even to a letter), and 
the contractions used. It has been made by tracing 
on transfer paper, placing this on lithographic-stones, 
and then printing it in the usual way: a method evi- 
dently calculated to insure the closest possible correspon- 
dence with the original. 

"To prove the correctness of the work, I have com- 

f>ared a proof of every page, folding it so as to place each 
ine parallel with, and close to, the same line in the ori- 
ginal ; so that, by comparing the line all along, I could 
easily see that it was correct. In this way I have exa- 
mined every line throughout the volume, and I believe that 
not a single incorrect letter will be found in it" 

The impression consists of 177 copies, of which 26 are 
in quarto. Fifty copies are already appropriated, and the 
work has been effaced from the stones.] 

Mutilation and Destruction of Sepulchral 












Monuments (2 nd S. xii. 509.) 
H 



—Of Dr. Lyne, see 

wood's Alumni Etonenses, 1797, p. 94; Gor- 



>/ 



t Is not this a mistake : " Coverdale and Tyndale, 4to, 
1530"? 



3 rd S. II. July 26, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



75 



" N. & Q." 1 st S. vi. 507, 615 ; xii. 132, 179, 195 ; 
and Cole's MSS. Brit. Mus. xxx. 94—98. 

Jo.seph Rix, M.D. 

Dr. Nicholas Barbon and the Phcenix Fire 
Office (3 rd S. i. 253, 595.) — In HatWs New 
View of London, 1708, p. 787, is an account of 
the various insurance offices then existing. The 
first fire insurance office is thus described : 

" The Phoenix Office, at the Rainbow Coffee- House, 
Fleet Street, established about the year 1682, whose 
Undertakers for 30s. paid them in hand, Insure 100/. for 
7 years, and so in proportion for other sums, for the 
payment of which Losses they have settled a fund. 
They employ several men (with Liveries and Badges) to 
extinguish Fires on occasion. The first Undertaker was 
Dr. Nicholas Barbone, and now there are several Gent, 
concerned. This Numb, is about 10,000." 

For particulars respecting Nicholas Barbon, 
M.D., who was M.P. for Braraber, and died in or 
about April, 1698, consult Bodleian Catalogue, i. 
182; Biog. Brit. 1st ed. 219 [u], or edit. Kippis, 
i.289, 290 ; Luttrell's Diary, i. 135, 309 ; ii. 403; 
iii. 512; iv. 13,364,409; Lysons's Environs, iii. 
27 ; Munk's Coll. of Phys. i. 326 ; North's Lives 
of the Norths, ed. 1826, i. 427, 428 ; Pari. Hist. 
v.542, 959; and Watt's Bihl. Brit. 

In that useful compendium, Rosse's Index of 
Dates, is this article : 

" Barton, Dr., sets up the first Insurance Office against 
fire, 1667." 

I believe the date to be tolerably accurate, but 
I doubt not that for " Barton, Dr.," ought to be 



read " Barbon, Dr." 



C. H. Cooper, 



Did the Romans wear Pockets ? (3 rd S. ii. 9.) 
It appears from Dr. Adams's Roman Antiquities, 
that in the earliest times of Rome, part of the 



toga " was drawn up and 'thrown back over the 
left shoulder, and thus formed what was called 
sinus, a fold or cavity upon the breast, " in which 
things might be carried." In later times there was 
worn below the toga, a white woollen vest called 
11 tunica" fastened by a girdle or belt about the 
waist to keep it tight, " which also served as a 
purse in which they kept their money." I 
from Dr. Boyd's edition of Adam, 1842, pp 
355. 



quote 
350 



G. 

The 



The Blanshards (3 rd S. i. 408; ii. 14.) 
following are probably the Blanshards for whom 
11. B. P. inquires : — 

George Blanshard of York, gent., by Margaret, 
daughter of Timothy Wilkinson, had Wilkinson 
Blanshard, of York, gent., who married Elizabeth 
Simpson, of Fishlake, and left a son, Wilkinson 
Blanshard, M.D. of London ; and two daughters, 
Hannah and Elizabeth, who were interred in St. 
Mary's, York, 1820 and 1822. J. S. 

Sir John Strange (3 rd S. i. 271, 353, 396.) 
It is but an act of common justice to Messrs. J of court-gallants and those who in his day af- 
Cooper of Cambridge, who are always so ready.] fected this style, has dozens of such words which 



to assist others, to inform them, that since I made 
my last communication relative to Sir John 
Strange, I find that in his admission to the Mid- 
dle Temple, in 1712, he is described as the "son 
and heir of John Strange of Fleet Street, Gentle- 
man." Thus by degrees we mount the ladder ; 
the next step must be the parentage and the posi- 
tion of the father, which some of the arcbajolo- 
gical delvers in " N. & Q." will, no doubt, discover . 
and communicate. D. S. 

To Cotton to (3 rd S. ii. 10.) — As I suspect that 
a phrase of mine in " N. & Q." prompted Mr. 
Workard's Query, permit me to say that I think 
I can remember " cottoning to " in the sense of 
taking kindly to, as used before Americanisms 
became of cant use in England. Indeed, some 
of Nares's quotations show its early use in this 
sense, and he explains them by the similar but 
not very happy synonym u agree." One of his 
examples is — " Styles and I cannot cotten." 
Hence and despite Nares's conjecture, I am in- 
clined to believe that " cotten," in this and in the 
American sense, and also in that of attaching one- 
self to a patron or superior, is the — en and per- 
haps older form of the verb "to cote," Fr. cote, 
old French, costoyer. The use in the sense of 
succeed may be derivative, and Nares's quota- 
tion — 

" It cottens well, it cannot choose but bear 
A pretty napp — 

may be merely a conceit of the writer. But it 
is also possible that both Nares's etymology and 
mine may be right, for one of the fancies of the 
age was to use words in a strictly etymological 
sense, and to do this they both wittingly and un- 
wittingly adopted new and fanciful derivations, 

and generally from roots in the more learned 
languages. Hence the same spelt word might 
have two etymologies and two meanings more or 
less confused and allied. In Euphuism this fashion 
ran into the extremes of extravagance. Thus 
Holofernes gives us abhomiuable, and I lately had 
occasion to adduce two examples (from Nares) of 
goss-amour and -amore. So Shakspeare uses 
exorcist, not as €f, opxifa, but as one who raises 
spirits ex orco ; and his peculiar use of feodary 
(old copies fedary) is based on its yi«wt-deriva- 
tion from the Italian fede, faith. When Claudio, 
in Measure for Measure, says, he kept his mar- 
riage secret that her friends might acquiesce and 
allow " the propagation of her dowry," he means 
the forth-payment (Ital. pagare, to pay) of her 
dowry. And when Henry V. asks for the " late 
commissioners," he talks Latin-English, and means 
the commissioners who were lati or chosen, the 
"Commissioners designate" whose appointments 
had not been confirmed by the issue of their com- 
missions. Shakspeare, especially in the speeches 



76 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'<* S. II. July 2G, '62. 



from inattention to this custom or fashion, have 
been and still are sources of never-ending con- 
tention to commentators. 

Benj. East, M.D., and Logomachist. 

* 

Customs in the County op Wexford (3 rd S. 
i. 503.) — The custom of turning on meeting a 
corpse, and following it for some distance, is uni- 
versal in Ireland, and must have been brought 
from the East by the earliest inhabitants — for it 
exists just the same in Persia. W. Franklin, in 
his Observations made, on a Tour from Bengal to 
Persia, in the Years 1786-7, published in London 
1790, says at p. 127, as follows : 

" If any Mussulman should chance to meet the corpse 
during the procession, he is obliged, by the precept of 
his religion, to run up to the bier and offer his assistance 
in carrying it to the grave, crying out at the same time: 
Lah Illdh III Lilian ! — « There is no God but God ! • " 

# 

I have heard the wild shouts of the followers of 
the corpse in the same place that T. B. mentions ; 
and I have been struck with the similarity of 
sound of the Ullaluah of the Irish with the above 
Persian exclamation. It may be that the Persi 



words will bear the meaning given to them by 
Franklin ; but there can be little doubt that both 
the Persian and the Irish terms are merely cor- 
ruptions of the old Hebrew !V )7?n, Halle lujah, 
or more properly Halle lu yah ; which originally 
was used as a pious ejaculation, equivalent to 
" Praise ye Yah ! " which our Bible renders " Prais 
ye the Lord." R. J. M. 

The custom alluded to by T. B. as being 
prevalent in Devonshire, and by S. Redmond as 
common in Wexford, is also practised in the West 
Riding of Yorkshire. In a district about eight 
miles from Leeds, a favourite remedy for hooping- 
cough, not many years ago, was to take the child 
to a certain hill in the vicinity, and pass it three 
times round the body of a donkey. In some cases 
it is possible that the simple change of air might 
have a salutary effect. H. E. Wilkinson. 

Biddknden Maids (3 rd S. i. 508.)— Whatever 
may be the truth about these particular Kentish 
maids, upon the authority of a church register a 
similar case did occur, and in the same county. 
In Burn's Regislrum Ecclesice Parochialis, 1st ed. 
p. 81, I find the following : 

« Heme, Kent. 
^ " 15C5. John Jarvys had two woemen children bap- 
tised at home, joyned together in the belly, and havynge 
each the one of their armes lyinge at one of their own 
shoulders, and in all other parts well-proportioned chil- 
dren. Buryed Aug. 29." 

Although the kind of conjunction is here rather 
obscurely described, it is not very unlike that of 
the figures on the Biddenden cake, which may be 
seen engraved in Hone's Every-day Book, vol. ii. 
p. 443. A double junction in both cases. 

The credibility of the Biddenden maids, is cer- 




tainly not diminished by this case at Heme rest 
ing, as it does, upon the authority of a parish 
register. Their possibility, of course, is proved by 
the modern certainty of the Siamese twins. 

A. B. MlDDLETON. 

* 

The Close, Salisbury. 

Literature op Lunatics (3 rd S. i. 451, 500.) 
One of your correspondents makes inquiry for 
works written by madmen. The following cutting 
is from The Tunbridge Wells Old Book Circular 
for this month, published by Joseph Palmer : 







"Privately Printed — The Christian's Armour: God' 
Love to Humanity, his Invitations, &c. By U. H , 

an inmate of a lunatic asylum. 1 2 mo, sewed, 2*. Sa\ 

Not published, 1855. 

" A singular performance, written and printed while 
the author was confined in a private Asylum." 

D. 

Soul-Food (3 rd S. 1. 468.) — This word is pro- 
nounced in Lancashire sadl, not sool, as Halliwell 
gives it ; and its meaning there, is almost equiva- 
lent to "relish." I never heard butter called 
sadl, but meat, eggs, &c, quite come under that 
denomination. Hermbntrude. 

Theroignb de Mericourt (3 rd S. ii. 2.) 
Your readers who are interested in the matter, 
will find a detailed account of her case in M. 
Esquirol's treatise, Des Maladies Mentales, torn. i. 
pp. 445-50. Nothing is said of the assault in the 
Tuileries Gardens. She was sent to an asylum 
after the Directory came into office, and died in 
the Salpetriere in 1817. The story is curious, 
but hardly adapted for your pages. J. N., R.N. 

Jerusalem Whallet (3 rd S. i. 452.) — In ad- 
dition to the information respecting Hook's "Par- 
son Whalley," kindly furnished me, allow me in 
turn to supply an item or two from a note on 
p. 182, of Lord Cloncurry's Personal Recollections, 
Dublin, 1849: 

" Thomas Whalley, the husband of my eldest sister, 
was known in Ireland as * Jerusalem WhaHey,' from the 
circumstance of his having won a bet by performing a 
journey to Jerusalem on foot, except so far as it was 
necessary to cross the sea; and finishing the exploit by 
playing ball against the walls of that celebrated city, 
lie was a perfect specimen of the Irish gentleman of the 
olden time. Gallant, reckless, and profuse, he made no 
account of money, limb, or life when a bet was to be won, 
or a daring deed to be attempted. He spent a fine fortune 
in pursuits not more profitable than his expedition to play 
ball at Jerusalem ; and rendered himself a cripple for life 
by jumping from the drawing-room window of Daly** 
Club House, in College Green, on to the roof of a hackney 
coach which was passing." 

Clericus Whallet. 

Gossamer (3 rd S. ii. 16.) — I have been muct 
pleased with Mr. Benj. East's derivation of thh 
word, and should be disposed to adopt it at once 
if he could show that it had been in use in France 
If it was, the form I should suppose to have beer 






3 rd S. II. July 26, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



77 



■ 



Gase-Marie, like Hotel- Dieu, Fitz-Aymon, and 
our Fitz-roy, Fitz-Empress, &c. Gossamer would 
then be from Gase-Marie, like sink-apace from 
cinque pas. Thos. Keightley. 

Tennyson : Camelot (3 rd S. ii. 9.) — Your cor- 
respondent L. G. Robinson asks : " Does Camel 
mean a 4 river' in Anglo-Saxon?" An Anglo- 
Saxon dictionary will answer him in the negative. 
But supposing it did ; how, in the name of history, 
could it assist in arriving at the meaning of an 
ancient British name ? Camel (whence Camel- 
ford) is the name of a river of Cornwall ; and 
may be rendered, in British, the "crooked or 
winding river" (cam-el). The first syllable, cam, 
" crooked," is found in the names of several 
rivers : as the Cam, Cambec, Camlas, Camlet, Cam- 
lin, Camon (i. e. Cam-avon). Cam may have even 
denoted a river, from winding. 

R. S. Cciarnock. 



Double Consciousness (3 rd S. ii. 32.) — In 
On the Truths contained in Popular Superstitions, 
3rd edit. 1851, Dr. Mayo, among other observa- 
tions on this subject, says : 

"If the fits of trance recur frequently, and are pro- 
longed . . . the trance development of the intellect and 
character of the patient — oftenest a girl — may get 
a-head of their development in her natural waking . . . 
I knew a case in which the patient at length retained her 
trance recollections alone, from long continuance in that 
state .... Ordinarily the recurrence of fits does not ex- 
tend over longer than three to six months, after which 
thev never reappear." — P. 109. 

J. P. 

Portrait of Archbishop Cranmer (3 rd S. ii. 
38.) — The engraved portrait of Archbishop Cran- 
mer in the possession of W. B. is from Holland's 
Herbologia Anglicani, published in 1620 in two 
volumes folio, at the expense of Crispin Pass, who 
probably engraved several of the plates, sixty-five 
in number. The following account of this work 
is given in a foot-note to Walpole's Catalogue of 
Engravers : — 

"This book was the first regular collection of English 
heads, and though it had probably a wide circulation 
upon its appearance, it is, at this time, in a complete state, 
very rare. What greatly enhances its merit is, that all 
the portraits are professedly drawn from original pictures. 
The finest copy known is that formerly in the Harleian, 
now in the library of the British Museum." 

J. H. W. 

St. Dunstan (3 rd S. ii. 27.) — In answer to the 
queries of Mr. T. North, I beg to state that St. 
Dunstan is a canonised saint. As to when he was 
canonised, he died in 988, and his festival was 
ordered to be kept throughout England by a 
synod at Winchester in 1021 in the reign of 
Canute. It was not till the end of the eleventh 
century that the formal process of canonization by 
the Pope began to be observed. A solemn trans- 
lation of his relics to a more honourable place in 
the cathedral of Canterbury took place on Sep- 



tember 7, by Archbishop Lanfranc, after the 
rebuilding of the cathedral, which had been burnt 
down in 1074;. and his monument was on the 
south side of the high altar, where his relics were 
found in 1508, by Archbishop Warham in a 
leaden chest, with this inscription : "Here reposeth 
St. Dunstan, Archbishop." Many churches were 
dedicated to God in his name. 

The attributes or symbols assigned to St. Dun- 
stan are several. The most common modes of 
representing him are playing on a harp, and seiz- 
ing the devil with pincers. There is a picture of 
him painted by himself in the Bodleian at Ox- 
ford, in which he is prostrating himself at the feet 
of our Saviour. He is sometimes represented 
with a dove at his ear, or hovering near him. Por 
these, and other symbols of St. Dunstan, Mr. T. 
North is referred to the Emblems of Saints, 2nd 
edition, under the name of St. Dunstan. F. C. H. 

Clerical Knights ; Sir Robert Peat (3 rd S. 
i.209, 273—275, 354.)— Sir Robert Peat is styled 
D.D., (1.) In the notification of his presentation 
to the rectory of Ashley with the vicarages of 
Silverley and Kirtling, co. Camb. 1803. (2.) In 
the royal licence of Oct. 2, 1804. (3.) In the 
notification of his presentation to the vicarage of 
New Brentford, 1808. (4.) In the announce- 
ment of his marriage, 1815. (5.) In the inscrip- 
tion to his memory in New Brentford church. 

He did not obtain that degree at Oxford or 
Cambridge. From 1797 to 183G his name was 
on the boards of Trinity College, Cambridge, as a 
ten year man. He printed a Sermon on the 
Thanksgiving Day for the Peace. Lond. 8vo, 
1814. 



C. II. & Thompson Coofer. 



Cambridge. 



John 



John Motherby (3 rd S. i. 486.) 
Motherby was the youngest son of a Scotch mer- 
chant at Konigsberg, of the firm of Green,* 
Motherby, and Detrusina. His elder brother, 
William, embraced the medical profession, and 
was in 1801, Ober-Feldstabs-Medicus of the East 
Prussian army, and published some excellent 
medical works, amongst which his Medical Dic- 
tionary is well known, and has, I believe, been 
translated into English. He had a son, Robert, 
who followed his father's profession, and also 
published some medical treatises, as well as a 
Taschenwbrterbuch des Schottischen Idioms und 
Deutscher Sprache. 

But the subject of inquiry, John Motherby, 
took up the profession of the law, and soon after 
leaving the University of his native city, was 

* Whilst writing, I am reminded by Mr. J. Macray 
of the Taylor Institute, Oxford, that he has read in a 
Life of Kant, that he was a frequent guest with this Eng- 
lish merchant, Kant himself being of Scotch origin, 
from a family named ; but before I entered the University 

both merchant and philosopher, host and guest, had died. 



78 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8*23. II. July 2G, '62. 



from Konigsberg. 



appointed to the office of Refendarius, an in- 
cipient step in the Prussian Courts towards the 
higher degrees. As we were nearly cotemporaries 
at the University and almost countrymen, an 
intimacy sprung up betwixt us which I believe 
was the solace of many hours when, in conse- 
quence of the peace of Tilsit, all communication 
from England was cut off. 

I find from entries in a journal which I then 
kept, that in company with some Prussian stu- 
dents, I accompanied our friend at the commence- 
ment of a pedestrian journey, which he undertook 
on August 2, 1808, throughout Germany on his 
first stage, but with another youth determined on 
not leaving him till we had gone over the battle- 
field of Eylau together, about forty miles English 

The curious details I have 
noted of this pedestrian impromptu, at the dis- 
tance of almost half a century, recall many 
pleasing recollections which have no interest for 

suffice it to say that I parted from 
my friend, never to see him again, at Eylau, for 
having soon found opportunity to return to Eng- 
land through the favour of the Prussian Govern- 
ment, I could only learn some years later that, 
having been promoted to a command in the 
Prussian Landwehr, when the country rose as one 
man against the French rule, he fell at the head 
of his company when storming the town of Leipsig 
in the three famous days of October 17 to 19, 
1814, and was buried in the breach. 

I have amongst my papers a poem in German 
hexameters on the Death of Nelson, which he 
composed, and which, if of any interest, I believe 
I could find. One verse I recollect : — 

"Britaniens Flagge hoch vom Winde bewegt war des 

Sieges Panier ;" 

and Nelson's last command by signal, 

" England hofft dass keiner von uns der Pflichten 



a stranger 



vergesse. 



William Bell, Phil. Dr. 

2, Burton Street, Euston Square. 



The Sixty-four Languag 



Six- 



OF THE 

teenth Century (3 rd S. ii. 28.)— The "sixty- 
four languages " are those of the descendants of 
Noah enumerated in the tenth chapter of Genesis, 
each of whom was supposed to have acquired a 

distinct lan^uajre at the time of the confusion of 
ton 






The old writer referred to by J. Br. 
must therefore be understood to mean, " It were 
more easy to learn all the languages of the earth 
than this. ' Charles Beke. 

Plurality of Editions (3 rd S. i. 486.) — The 
Christian Year has passed through more than 
fifty large editions. My copy is of the fifty-fourth 
edition, published in 1858. J. F. S. 

Jewelry (3 rd S. ii. 25.)— The answer to G. L. 
is obvious. "Jewelry" is not derived from 

jeweller, but from jewel; and in the sense of a ht 






or a collection it corresponds exactly with /)ta| 
santry, Irishry, devilry, ( u the ministerial devilry," 
Byron, in Moore's Life, ii. 209, ed. 1836), and 
many more that could be named. Lyttelton. 

Heraldic or Heraldric (3 rd S. i. 234.) — 
E.L.S.will find the question he has raised treated 
of in the preface to Lower's Curiosities of Ileralf 
dry. H. S. G. 

Young's Type Composing Machine (3 rd S. ii. 
19.) — We are indebted to the courtesy of the 
editor of the Kent Herald for a copy of that journal, 
of the 10th instant, containing the following in- 
formation on this subject: 

" The writer in Notes and Queries has been very wrongH 
informed upon the matter regarding Mr. Biggs and the 
composing machine. Mr. Biggs was not the man to •suc- 
cumb to the evil threats of the Union men and others' 
even supposing that such threats were ever ma<le, which 
from personal acquaintance with the London Trade at the 
time, our printer denies. — Mr. Biggs, with the best inten- 
tions of giving a trial to an ingenious invention, and to 
afford an opening for female labour, had the earlier num- 
bers of the Family Herald •composed' by Young's ma- 
chine; but it was soon found that the incompleteness of 
the work was such that it required so much afterwork as 
to become a more expensive process than the ordinary 
labour. This has been the case with all the composing- 
machines invented at present; and the absolute require- 
ments of thoroughly accomplished compositors to finish 
the work— in fact, to do the thinking part,— is inevitable, 
however clever the merely mechanical arrangements may 
be." 

Nevison the Freebooter (3 rd S. i. 428, 473 ; 
ii. 16.) — There is a good deal of information about 
thi3 celebrated man in Scatcberd's History of 
Morley, p. 250, et seq. What renders the par- 
ticulars more interesting, is, that the author 
gathered them in a great measure from one whose 
grandfather had personally known Nevison. 

I well remember going with a relative, many 
years ago, to the ruins of Howley Hall, and see- 
ing there the stone Mr. Scatcherd speaks of, with 
the inscription : " Here Nevison killed Fletcher, 
1684." It was then lying in a piece of waste 
ground, near a farm house. The Cicerone who 
accompanied us related, in addition to many par- 
ticulars which are given at full length in the work 
referred to, that it was universally believed by 
the inhabitants, that if any one moved the stone, 
it would of itself at once roll back into its former 

place ! 

A short notice of Nevison's celebrated leap 
may be found in the Gent. Mag. for 1820, Part 
1st, p. 420. H. E. Wilkinson. 

Pharaohs Steam Vessels (3 rd S. i. 485.) 
44 There is not a passage that more outrages all the 
rules of credibility than the description of these 
ships of Alcinous," wrote Pope in the last cen- 
tury, when steam boats and steam power were 
unknown. 

The old proverb, 4< nothing new under the sun," 



3 rd S. II. July 26, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



79 



may be true, and in this generation we may read 
Homer with a new light to guide us in the inter- 
pretation of his marvellous poems. 

Would your correspondent, W. D., inform us, 
where he has read that one of the Pharaohs had 



steam vessels ? 



Thomas E. Winnington. 



Mr. Trix is a 



Quotations (3 rd S. ii. 47.) - 
reader of Tennyson, and it is odd he should not 
have recollected that the first of his passages is in 
one of the finest of Tennyson's poems, and one 
rather unusual in metre. It is in Locksley Hall 
(vol. ii. p. 110, 4th edit, 1846). But there are 
two lines interposed between the second and third 
of those quoted. Lyttelton. 

Louis the Fifteenth (2 ud S. viii. 268, 297.)— 
Amongst the admirable collection of autographs 
lately exhibited at the meetings held in the Hall 
of the Law Society is a holograph letter of this 
monarch. The letter in question is addressed to 
Madame de Pompadour, and bears date March 9, 
1760. The signature is "Louis." No doubt Mr. 
Young, the owner of the collection, would be able 
to give satisfactory proof of its authenticity. 

J. A. Pn. 

Epitaph on Durandus (3 rd S. i. 519.) — I beg 
to inclose the copy of the epitaph on Durandus: 

* 

" ifc Hoc est 8epulcrum Dfii Gulielmi 
Durati epi Mimatensis*, Ord. Prsed. 

Hie jacet egregius doctor, proesul Mimatensis 
Nomine Duranti Guliclmus; regula morum 
Splendor honestatis, et casti candor amoris, 
Altum consiliis, speciosum, mente serenum 
Hunc insignabant, immotus turbine mentis, 
Mente pius, sermone gravis, gestuque modestus 
Extitit infestus super hostes, more leonis: 
Indomitus domuit populos, ferroque rebel les 
Impulit Ecclesia? victor servire coegit; 
Comprobat officiis, paruit Romania sceptro 
IjelligerJ comitis Martini tempore quarti ; 
Edidit ille in jure librum quo jus reperitur 
Et * Speculum juris,' patrum quoque 'Pontificate,' 
Et 'Rationale Divinorum • patefecit ; 
Instruxit clerum scriptis, monuitque statutis; 
Gregorii deni, Nicolai, scita perenni 
Glossa difTudit populis, sensusque profundos 
Scire declit mentes corusca luce studentum 
Quern memori laudi genuit Provincia dignum 
Et dedit a Podio Missone dicecesis ilium 
Inde Biterrensis, praesignis cerica Papaj; 
Dum foret ecclesiae Mimatensis sede quietus 
Hunc vocat octavus Bonifacius, altius ilium 
Promovet, hie renuit Ravennae prasul haberi; 
Fit comes invictus simul hinc, et Marchio tandem 
Et Romam rediit, Domini sub mille trecentis 
Quatuor amotis annis, tumulante Minerva: 
Subripit bunc festiva dies et prima Novembris, 
Gaudia cum Sanctis tenet omnibus inde Sacerdos, 
Pro quo perpetuo datur hac celebrare capella. 

*b Jobs, filius Magri Cosimati fee. hoc. op. 
(Camillus Ceccarini restaurari fecit, a.d. 1817.)" 



* I3 : 



lsbop of Mende, in France, Province of Narbonne. 



" Hoc opus " alludes to the beautiful mosaic of 
the Blessed Virgin and Child, which ornaments 
the back wall of the upper part of the tomb, 
under the canopy. On the lower part of the 
tomb are five shields, the bearings on all the same, 
and are — 

Argent, on a fesse sable, 3 mullets of four 
points, or ; in chief a demy-lion rampant of the 
second, and in base 3 bendlets gules. F. D. II. 

Sara Holmes (3 rd S. i. 465 ; ii. 35.) — The 
obliging communication by the correspondent who 
who signs himself An Isle of Wight Holmes 
(as no doubt it can be supported by documentary 
evidence) is very satisfactory in identifying Si 



Holmes, and in proving a connection with so re- 
spectable a family, that there will be less difficulty 
in genealogical inquiry. 

Further than what I have already mentioned 
I cannot however "corroborate or correct" Mr. 
Holmes's statements, but in one respect I come to 
a different conclusion. Unless Sara Holmes is 
the pivot on which the beneficial importance of 
the descent turns, the advertisement of 1824 has 
been carelessly worded, and the reference to the 
second marriage was quite unnecessary. I say 
this with due deference, for Mr. Holmes's grand- 
father probably interested himself in the inquiry 
of that period, and may have arrived at results of 
which I am ignorant ; and, moreover, he also pro- 
bably knew those contingencies which are hinted 
at as guiding the reversion of Sir Robert Holmes's 
estate. 

I wish nevertheless explicitly to declare that 
the curiosity I have to discover who might be 
Sara Holmes, is confined to a genealogical pur- 
pose. No mercenary advantage could personally 
accrue. None of our present family can claim 
any descent from the lady ; and it is very clear 
that until all issue of John and Sara Holmes 
should be extinct, nobody of our name, even in 
direct lineage, could be entitled to succeed. 

It is not, therefore, the question of the deriva- 
tion of, or the succession to, the property that I 
wish so much to solve as the simple fact of who 
was Sara Holmes ; and I shall be very grateful 
for " the information from MSS." that Mr. Holm 
is kind enough to offer. Monson, 

Cbart Lodge. 

Analogy 



Colours and Musical 
I do not remember the 






BETWEEN 

Sounds (3 rd S. ii. 36.) 
occurrence of any passage in Durandus like that 
to which your correspondent alludes; but in their 
Introduction to the English translation in 1843, 
the learned editors remark — 

" According to Haydn, the trombone is deep red ; the 
the trumpet, scarlet; the clarionet, orange; the oboe, 
yellow; the bassoon, deep yellow; the flute, sky-blue; 
the diapason, deep blue; the double-diapason, purple; 
the horn, violet ; while the violin is pink ; the viola, rose ; 



80 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3 rd S. II. July 2G, '62. 



the violoncello, red ; and the double-bass, crimson," &c. 
P. xlvii. 

Mackenzie E. C. Walcott, M.A., F.S.A. 

Public Library, Dublin (3 rd S. ii. 28.) — In 
the year 1700, Dr. Narcissus Marsh, then Arch- 
bishop of Dublin, wrote to a friend in England : 

" I do design to leave all ray Oriental MSS. to Bodley's 

Library, and for the rest of my books I hope to 

dispose of them thus : — The Archbishop's house in Dub- 
lin hath no chapel nor library belonging to it . . . . This 
consideration hath made me resolve to build both .... 
The, library for public use . . • . In this library (in order 
to the building whereof I have laid by 800/.) my inten- 
tions are to lodge all my printed books; .... and I 
have now six hundred pounds' worth of books lying 
ready in Dublin to be put into the library as soon as it 
shall be built" 

The collection referred to in this letter was that 
of a Mr. Bonnereau. A far more important one 
was shortly afterwards acquired by Archbishop 
Marsh, and the public, in the purchase of the 
library of Bishop Stillingfleet, containing 9512 
volumes, "besides many pamphlets." This, I sus- 
pect, is the purchase alluded to in the Ormond 
State Papers. 

Marsh's library was incorporated by Act of Par- 
liament in 1707, and was endowed with a rent- 
charge of an estate in the county of Meath, 
amounting to 250/. a year (Irish currency), by 
the last will of the founder, who died in the pri- 
matial see of Armagh, on the 2nd November, 
1713 (in the seventy-sixth year of his age), and 
was buried near his library in the graveyard of 
St. Patrick's Cathedral. See Edwards's Memoirs 
of Libraries, vol. ii. p. 63, for further notice of 
Archbishop Marsh's library. 

Edward F. Rimbault. 







iittUKtitaui. 



NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC. 

A Hand- Book of Autographs ; being a Ready Guide to 
the Hand- Writing of DistinguisJied Men and Women of 
every Nation, designed for the Use of Literary Men, Auto- 
graph Collectors, and Others. Executed by Frederick G. 

Netherclift. Nos. 4, 5, and 6. (F. G. Netherclift.) 

We have already called attention to this book, which, 
in a small space, gives so much valuable information to 
the Historian, as enabling him to test the genuineness of 
the documents he consults; to the Autograph Collector, 
as helping to secure him from the frauds to which he is 
so incessantly exposed, and to the Frequenters of Old 
Book Stalls, as enabling them to ascertain by whom the 
marginal notes and various memoranda, which give so 
much value to such volumes, have been written. The 
three parts now issued, accompanied by a Biographical 
Index by Mr. Sims of the British Museum, form the first 
volume of the work, which contains between &ve and 
six hundred autographs, selected for the most part from 
undoubted originals in the National Collection. It will 
readily be seen, therefore, how well the present Hand- 
Book is calculated to accomplish the object for which it 
has been published. But it is also, we are bound to say, 
a volume which cannot be turned over on a drawing- 



room table without affording both amusement and in- 
struction. 







The River-Names of Europe. By Robert Ferguso 
(Williams & Norgate.)' 

The object of the present work is to arrange and ex- 
plain the names of European rivers on a more comprehen- 
sive principle than has hitherto been attempted. And 

the interest of the subject is obvious, when one considers 
that the names given to the rivers of Europe, when th 
first tide of Asian immigration swept over this quarter o 
the globe, have probably in many instances remained to 
the present day. Mr. Ferguson brings much learnin 
and ingenuity to his self-imposed task. 

Predictions Realized in Modem Times. Now first Col 

lected. By Horace Welby. (Kent & Co.) 

A small volume, containing a variety of curious am 
startling narratives on many points of supernaturalism, 
well calculated to gratify that love of the marvellous 
which is more or less inherent in us all. 

The new number of The Quarterly Review opens with 
a pleasant biographical sketch of the two Brunei s, in 
which full justice is done to those eminent engineers. Dr. 
Hooks' "Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury" forms 
the subject of a well-considered Paper, in which due 
commendation is bestowed upon the labour of the Dean 
of Chichester. A clever sketch of " English Poetry, from 
Dryden to Cowper," will please students of our national 
literature, and a gossip about "Sussex" our holiday 
makers. The article on " The Volunteers and Nationa 
Defences," advocates the advance hand in hand of th 
volunteers and the fortifications. The Paper on "Th 
Hawaiian Islands " furnishes a pleasant account of tha 
interesting group. "The International Exhibition " 
a Paper replete with sound views of Art, and conclud 
with a fitting tribute to the wise and good Prince, who 
had so eminently the capacity of swaying events by If 
consciousness of quiet power. The Q'larterly very pro 
perly winds up with a good sound article entitled " Th 
Bicentenary Movement," upon the "projected commemor 
ation " of the Puritan partisans, who paid the penalty of 
defeat by losing their spoil just two hundred years ago. 
But in addition to the Quarterly, we have several other 
periodicals and serials which call for special notice from 
us. The second number of the New Series of the Journal 
of Sacred Literature contains, among many other ar* 
tides of interest— such as the " Religion of the Romans," 
" The « Te Deum,' " " Clement of Alexandria," " Sacre 
Trees," "The Antediluvian World," and many others — on 
to which we maj f call the especial attention of our readers, 
" What is Superstition ? " — a question discussed at 
some length in our own columns. The sixth number of 
The Museum, or Quarterly Magazine of Education, Litera* 
ture, and Science, is distinguished by the same variety 
and learning as its predecessors. The articles, more par- 
ticularly interesting to lovers of literature are those on 
"Edmund Spenser," " Meri vale's 'Keatsil Hyperion,'" 
and " Port Royal as an Educational Establishment." 




flatter* t0 CarvttQatitStnti. 

John IIathbs. An account of the fate of the last three Books of 
Hookas Ecclesiastical Polity is given by Izaak Walton in the Appendix 
ti> his Life of Kichanl Hooker. Some additional particulars art fur- ■ 
nished in Mr. Kcblc's notes to this Appendix in Ito<>k- rs Works, edit. I 
1836, i. Ill- Itt. I 



Zsta. The authorship of the MS. plays in Ayscovgft's Catalog 
has not been discovered. The fragments in 3 r o. 848, arts. 9, 10, are not I 
dramatic. 

Erratum.- 3rd 8. ii. p. 17, col. ii.l. 20, for " Bowen " rea*/" Bourn." 

"Notes and Qubribs " w published at noon on Friday, anil w also 
issued in Monthly Parts. The Subscription for Stampbd C»rras for 
Six Months forwarded direct from the Publishers (inclwting the Half- 



yearly Indbb) is lis. 4</ M which may be paid bv Post Office Order in 
favour q/Msssk*. Ukll and Daldy, I8i, Flbbt Sthhet, E.C.f to whom 
all Communications for thb Editor should be addressed. 






• 



3"> S. II. July 26, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 






ESTABLISHED 1842. 

WESTERN, MANCHESTER 
and METROPOLITAN COUNTIES 
AND ANNUITY SOCIETY. 

Chief Offices : 3, PARLIAMENT STREET, LONDON, and 

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LIFE ASSURANCE 



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A ctuary.— Arthur Scratchley, M.A. 

Attention is particularly invited to the VALUABLE NEW PRIN- 
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It will be observed, that the Kates of Premium are so low as to 
afford at once an immediate bonus to the Assured, when compared 
with the Rates of most other Companies. 

The next Division of Bonus will be made in 1864. Persons entering 
within tne present year will secure an additional proportion. 

Mkdical Men are remunerated, in all cases, for their Reports to the 
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No Charge made for Policy Stamps. 

The Rates of Endowments granted to young lives, and of Annuities 

to old lives, are liberal. 

o 

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London: LONGMAN, GREEN, LONGMAN & ROBERTS. 



BROWN AND POLSON'S 

PATENT CORN FLOUR. 

In Packets, M.; and Tins, 1*. 

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Its uses are: —Puddings, Custards, Blancmange, Cakes, &c, and for 
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Dinneford's Pure Fluid Magnesia 

Has been, during twenty-five years, emphatically sanctioned by the 
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The invested assets of this Society exceed five millions sterling 
annual income is four hundred and ninety-five thousand pounds. 

Up to the 31st December, 1861, the Society had paid 
in claims upon death— sums assured - £1,329,378 

H Bonus thereon - 1,115,298 



its 



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The profits are divided every fifth year. All participating policies 
effected during the present year will, if in force beyond 31st December, 
1864, share in the profits to be divided up to that date. 

At the divisions of profits hitherto made, reversionary bonuses exceed- 
ing three and a half millions have been added to the several policies. 

Prospectuses, forms of proposal, and statements of accounts, may be 
had on application to the Actuary, at the Office, Fleet Street, London. 



February, 1862. 



WILLIAM SAMUEL DOWNES, Actuary. 



THE LIVERPOOL and LONDON FIRE and 
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The numerous Boards and Agencies of this Company throughout 
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The Life Bonuses are guaranteed, and therefore neither contingent 
nor fluctuating. 

SWINTOtf BOULT, Secretary to the Company. 

JOHN ATKINS, Resident Secretary, London. 
June 17, 1862. 



MO RING, ENGRAVER and HERALDIC 
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at 20s., 24*., 30s., and 36?. per dozen; La Rose, 42s.; Latour, Ms.; Mar- 
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HOLLOW AY'S PILLS. — The Faultless 
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[3"» S. IL.Jcly 2C, '62. 



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** Many manuals have been published upon Aquaria, but we confess 
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the purchase of "the Great Mantuan Collection" for Charles the 
First ; and also in relation to the Artists and Patrons of Art of 
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COLLECTED AND EDITED BT 

\V. NOEL SAINSBURY (of Her Majesty's State Paper 

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44 Mr. Salnsbury has discovered in H. M. State Paper Office docu- 
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44 Mr. Sainsbury has been labouring in the State Paper Office not in 
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well as on his connection with the English Court."— -Specta tor. 



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81 



LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUSTS, 1862 



CONTENTS No. 31. 

NOTES: — Burke and Beaconsfield, 81 — Turner and Law- 
rence, 82 

Minor Notes: — Edgar of Polland — Book Inscription — 
Potatoes, Introduction of— Lists of Names Rubricated — 
4 Sow and Pigs of Metal, 83. 

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— A-kimbo — Anonymous — Beranger's Views of Ruins, 
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Stephen Lushington — Linen — Colonel Daniel O'Neill — 
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—Resurrection Men — Royal Motto — Scandinavian Pro- 
verbs, 86. 

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— Turner's Birth-place — Medal of Shakspeare — Lord 
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$0ttt?. 

BURKE AND BEACONSFIELD. 

The only other vexed question as to Burke's 
moral conduct which Dr. Napier has attempted 
to elucidate, relates to the purchase of, and the 
establishment at, Beaconsfield. Burke came to 
London as a student at the Temple, on an allow- 
ance of 100Z. a-year from his father. After some 
time, not exactly known, he abandoned the idea 
of going to the Bar, and married Miss Nugent. 
For one or other of these causes, or for some 
unknown cause, his father withdrew the allow- 
ance, and Burke, we are told, " adopted the all- 
honourable course of relieving: the lightness of 
his purse by the powers of his brain," which means 
that he resolved to live by literature, and we 
had evidence of this when he undertook the 
drudging labour of writing and compiling the An- 

About 1761 
he obtained the appointment of Secretary to Mr. 
Hamilton, which he retained up to 1764 at a 
salary, it is understood, of 300Z. a year. In 1765 
the Rockingham party came into office, and it 
was Burke's good fortune, " being then," to use 
his own words, " in a very private station, un- 
knowing and unknown ... by the intervention of 
a common friend," William Burke, as Edmund 
more than once said, " to be appointed private 
Secretary to the Marquis ; and by an arrange- 



nual Register for an annual 100Z. 



great talent. 



ment with Lord Verney, for which, as he afco said, 
he was indebted to William Burke, he came into 
Parliament. The Secretaryship was " a situation 
of little rank and no consequence," and the llock- 
ingham ministry lasted little more than a twelve- 
month ; but the seat in Parliament gave him a 
position which enabled him to make manifest his 

So far, then, as evidence can help us 
to a conclusion, we found Burke a poor struggling 
man up to 1765, when he had the good fortune 
to obtain the Secretaryship, and we leave him a 
poor man in 1766, when he lost office ; for though 
the secretary's place may, as he said, have given 
him " opportunities near enough to see as well as 
others what was going on," it is not to be be- 
lieved that the secretary's salary would have left 
any very large balance, after defraying the ex- 
penses of a man with a wife and two children. 
Yet within a period not to be calculated by years 
but by months — in April, 1768 — Burke purchased 
Beaconsfield, giving for it 22,823Z. ! 

This startling change in Burke's fortune gave 



rise to many unpleasant comments 
I suddosc the Doctor calls 



to what, as 

his 
to 



" sneering at 



suppose, 
honest poverty " ; his " honourable efforts 

" gain a position." It had been long suspected 
that " the Burkes," as they were called, and their 
friends, were great gamblers in East India Stock, 
and these suspicions were terribly confirmed in 
May 1769, when Lord Verney, William Burke, 
Richard Burke, Edmund's brother, Lauchlan 
Maclean, and other of his friends were declared 
defaulters to an incredible amount. There is no 
proof that Edmund had been engaged with them, 
though Lord Verney afterwards asserted it, and 
the public inquired how, if it were not so, did he 
become possessed, in such a moment of time, of 
the money with which he had bought Beacons- 
field, and kept up that costly establishment. 

At first the public were told that Lord Verney 
had given Burke 20,000Z. ; then that Lord Rock- 
ingham had advanced the entire amount ; then 
Mr. Prior informed us that w a considerable part, 
undoubtedly, was Burke's own money, the bequest 
of his father and elder brother," the " remainder " 
only being a loan from the Marquis. This state- 
ment was, however, somewhat qualified in the 
last edition, where we read that " a part u?i- 
doubtedly was his own, the bequest of his elder 
brother, and some portion, it is believed, came 
from William Burke," and " the remainder " 
from the Marquis. 

Neither of these statements, both " undoubted," 
though contradictory, were satisfactory. Burke's 
u own property, 

to do with the stock -jobbing, could not, to judge 
by his antecedents, have been much ; the bequest, 
from his father is given up ; the Clohir estate, 
the bequest of his elder brother, will not help us, 
for it was not sold for more than twenty years 



assuming that he had nothing 



82 



QUERIES 



? C2. 



after -»-in 1790 — and any assistance received 
from William Burke must, in honour and con- 
science, have been repaid within a twelvemonth ; 
so that we remain pretty much as at starting, — 
if the Marquis paid the "remainder," he must 

have paid the whole. 

We come now to Dr. Napier's version, and 
whether satisfactory or not, we are equally obliged 
for the trouble he has taken to help us to inform- 
ation. It appears, he tells us, from title-deeds and 
documents in Chancery — that "there were en- 
cumbrances on and charges on the property, which 
were paid off by Burke in the month of February, 
1769, amounting to the sum of 6.633Z. 17s. lOd. 
There was a further sum ^of 10,400Z. advanced 
to Burke in mortgage, by Caroline Williams, and 
3,G00/. advanced, on another mortgage, by Ad- 
miral Sir Charles Saunders. These two mort- 
gages remained outstanding until the sale of the 
property by Mrs. Burke, in 1812, when they were 
paid off out of the purchase money. The furni- 
ture and effects in the house were valued at 
2,823Z. 8s. Not long before this, Garret Burke 
had left Edmund almost the whole of his pro- 
perty — his house and effects in Dublin, his mort- 
ages, judgments, and all costs due to him from 
clients, and made him his sole executor and re- 
siduary legatee. Garret was a bachelor, and had 
succeeded early to his father's business ; was his 
executor and residuary, and was very successful 
himself in his profession. It is obvious, therefore, 
that the property which Garret had left to Ed- 
mund, and which probably had been realised in 
cash just about this time, enabled him, with an 
advance which he got from Lord Rockingham, and 
with the two mortgages, to complete his purchase." 
Dr. Napier appears to have forgotten that 
Burke declared, in his answer to Lord Verney's 
Bill (see ante 3 rd S. i. 221) that, " in order to make 
and accomplish his purchase " he borrowed 6,000/. 
of a friend. 

stands thus 






The case then, as to the purchase, 
Burke gave 20,000Z. for the estate, 
and borrowed 20,000/. to pay for it ; and it re- 
quired all u his own property,*" and "the whole" 
of the properties so elaborately enumerated by the 
Doctor, as " probably realised in cash about this 
time" — we omit the "some portion " which, it 
has been said, u came from William Burke" — it 
required all these to enable him to pay for u the 
furniture and effects." 

Burke had now, by what Dr. Napier calls 
11 honourable efforts," gained " a position." How 
was he to maintain it ? So far as appears from 
the biographers, Burke had no fixed income ex- 
cept a possible hundred or two hundred a year 
from Clohir. Yet this "position" involved an 
expenditure of from 3,000/. to 3,500/. a year ! 
This appears from Burke's statement to Mr. Pitt, 
when the " arrangement," as he calls it, was con- 
eluded about his pensions. M My first object," 



Burke avowed, " is the payment of my debts." 

"I know this object enters into your 

plan. I am to say that these debts were stated, 
by my son, below their real amount." The 
" plan" agreed on was a pension of 1,200/. out of 
the Civil List, for his own and Mrs. Burke's 
life, and another of 2,500/. a year by vote of Par- 
liament, which, however, Pitt did not bring under 
the notice of Parliament, but made payable out 
of the West India four and-a-half per cents. It 
was further understood that the Civil List pen- 
sion was to be sold by Burke for " present re- 
pose," that is, for the payment of his debts, and 
it was, at his request, antedated for the better 
accomplishing that purpose ; and then said Burke, 
if the grant from Parliament be " twenty-five 
hundred clear," it will be enough for " our per- 
sonal ease " — " sufficient, without obliging us, 
late in life, to change its whole scheme, which, 
whether wise or justifiable or not, is now habitual 
to us." — Stanhope, Life of Pitt, ii. 250. 

It here appears that, after he had retired from 
Parliament, and no longer required a sessional 
residence in London, after the death of his only 
son, Burke could not live at Beaconsfield under 
2,500/. a year "clear"; and if we add another 
thousand for the expenses of his parliamentary 
and London life, it is below probability. 

Whether under the circumstances stated, 
"honest poverty" was "justified or not" in 
buying such an estate, and entering on such a 
"scheme" of life, I leave to the judgment of 
others. J. R. T. 






TURNER AND LAWRENCE. 

It is greatly to be regretted that the bio- 
graphies of these distinguished painters should 
have fallen into such incompetent hands : that of 
the latter into those of a political writer who 
hated George IV., and that of the former into 
the hands of a gentleman who confesses his en- 
mity with the Royal Academy established by 
George III. Beyond the circumstances of my 
father being an early student, and afterwards for 
forty-five years Secretary of that institution, the 
connection of my grandfather and my uncle as 
members of the Society, and my being a student 
in the schools, I have no connection with the 
Academy ; yet I am quite prepared to defend the 
Royal Academy as then existing as decidedly as 
Turner did ; but I conceive that your publication 
is not to be taken up by considerations of opinion, 
and I withhold any remarks upon them except 
so far as may be unavoidably connected with the 
statements of facts. 

In his Life of Turner, Mr. Walter Thornbury 
has availed himself of the information of the 
Rev. H. Trimmer, who is very free in his com- 
ments on distinguished artists, and confounds 


















3' d S. II. Aug. 2, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



83 



myself and my father (who was old enough to be 
his father), under the general designation of our 
surname in such a manner as to make it doubtful 
which was his informant on certain points ; but 
insomuch as the following statement is wholly 
inaccurate, and relates to the practice of the 
greatest portrait-painter of modern times, I trust 
you will be able to afford me space to make the 

truth public. 

In vol. ii. p. 69 Mr. Thornbury quotes from 
the Rev. H. Trimmer : — 

" I have been told by Howard, who is a good authority, 
that he (Sir Thomas Lawrence) always made a crayon 
drawing of the sitter, from which he did his oil ; but if 
this had been the case, the drawings would now be in 
existence. 

"At first there is no doubt he was a crayon painter, 
and hyper-critics, as they have called Turner's oils large 
water-colours have called Lawrence's oils large crayons, 
the old chalky manner still adhering." 

Strictly speaking, there is not a word of truth 
in this. Sir Thomas Lawrence began his pictures 
by an elaborate drawing of the head, only, in 
black and red chalk, heightened with white chalk 
in the lights, over which he afterwards began to 
paint, and finished the head before he even in- 
timated the intended figure. This practice ac- 
counts for the drawings not being in existence. 
But a few do still remain, and some have been 
engraved in fac-simile by F. C. Lewis (the father 
of the present distinguished J. Lewis) ; among 
these the first idea of the portraits of the daugh- 
ters of Mr. Calmady, afterwards painted in a dif- 
ferent groupe, and at present called " Nature." 
It is to these children, and not to young Lambton 
that the circumstance related by Mr. Trimmer 
(p. 70) refers, that after repeatedly refusing to 
accept the commission, Mrs. Calmady prevailed 
upon him to get into her carriage and go to see 
the children, when he said, " Ah ! I see I must 
paint them." When he abandoned the idea of 
completing his first intention, he probably drew 
in a little more of the figures so as to constitute 
it more intelligible than he would have cared to 
do for his own painting. My father once asked 
him whether he did not find the chalk interfere 
with his colour, but he said " No, I find it works 
in." 

Lawrence was never a " crayon painter," but 
his early attempts were in delicate drawings in 
Italian chalk with a little Chinese vermilion put 
on the cheeks and lips. I copied one of these 
drawings (which he occasionally made in later 
life), a profile of most delicate character, a portrait 
of Mrs. John Angerstein. This drawing has been 
engraved in fac-simile by F. C. Lewis, as have 
many others. After Lewis's death, many fac- 
similes on stone were drawn by R. J. Lane, and 
all of these are constantly before the public. 

The " hypercritics " referred to by Mr. Trimmer 



were painters of the Rembrandt and Reynolds 
school, who were enamoured of " texture" — 
u the cheesy quality " which fascinated Reynolds 
in the portraits of some alderman at Plymouth 
by an artist of the name of Cozens, I believe, 
and which quality Sir Joshua declared to be the 
" true mode of painting flesh." The adherents 
to this doctrine naturally disliked the smooth 
surface of Lawrence, and called them "water- 
colour drawings in oil." Till a very late period 
all works in water-colours were called drawings, 
but until still later no body-colour or roughness 
beyond the surface of the paper was tolerated. 
At the present day, they should be called " dis- 
temper painting." * Frank Howard. 



Edgar of Polland. — This family has been 
described as "In Danskin infra regnum Polonice." 
It is worthy of remark that there is, or was, a 
hamlet named Danskein, near a place called Pol- 
land, in Berwickshire, where it is probable that 
this branch of the Weddenly family was located. 

Spal. 



Book Inscription. 
from an edition of the 



The following, copied 
Companion to the Festi- 
vals and Fasts, 8vo, 1717, is worth inserting in 

" N. & Q." : 



" To the Borrower of this Book. 

" Hie Liber est meus, 
Deny it who can, 
Samuel Showell, Junior, 
An honest man. 

In vico corvino (St. Paul's, Gov 1 Gard.) 
I am to be found, 
Si non mortuus sum, 
And layd in the ground. 
At si non vivens, 
You will find an Heir 
Qui librum recipiet, 
You need not to fear. 
Ergo cum lectus est 
Restore it, and then 
Ut quando mutuaris 
I may lend again. 
At si detineas, 
So let it be lost, 
Expectabo Argentum, 
As much as it cost (viz. 5 s ). 

" Aug. 18°, a.d. 1719. Geoiigii Regis, A. R." 

Jas. Coombes. 



Potatoes, Introduction of. 

Goose " 



— In " Taylor s 
by the famous Water Poet, near the end, 
are these curious lines : — 

" So blackberryes, that grow on every bryer, 
Because th' are plenty, few men doe desire : 
Spanish potatoes are accounted dainty, 

And English Parsneps are course meate, though plenty : 



84 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3* d S. II. Aug. 2, '62. 



Bat if these Berryes or those Rootes were scant, 
They would be thought as rare, though little wont 
That we should eate them, and a price allow, 
As much as Strawberryes, and Potatoes now." 

Potatoes are said to have been introduced by 
Raleigh about 1588, but not to have been grown 
in England except as curiosities till many years 
after, when an Irish vessel, having some on board, 
was wrecked on the coast of Lancashire. Gerard 
mentions them in his Herbal as curiosities about 
1590. Taylor's Goose was first printed 1621. 
Potatoes are mentioned by Shakspeare and other 
writers of the time. Is it possible we imported 
them from Spain at that period, instead of growing 
them ourselves ? A. A. 

Poets' Corner. 

* 

Lists of Names Rubricated. — The names 
are thus printed in Heath's Loyal Martyrs, a book 

of which the full rubricated title-page is as fol- 
lows : — 

" A new book of Loyal English Martyrs and Confes- 
sors, who have endured the Pains and Terrours of Death, 
Arraignment, Banishment, and Imprisonment, for the 
Maintenance of the Just and Legal Government of these 
Kingdoms both in Church and State. By James Heath, 
Gent. Psal. cxii. 6 : * The Righteous shall be had in 
Everlasting Remembrance.* London, Printed for R. H. 
and are to be sold by Simon Miller at the Star in St. 
Paul's Churchyard." 

Facing the title-page is a folded leaf containing 
in red Gothic letters the names of thirty-three 
sufferers for conscience-sake, including Charles I. 
and Dr. John Hewit. 

In Walker's History of Independency ', the names 
of the regicides are printed in red. 

So also the list of English "Revolters to 
Rome " in the Legenda Ignea ; with an Answer ' 
to Mr. Birchley's Moderator {pleading for a 
Toleration of Popery}. 12mo, 1653. 

Was this use merely ornamental, or was it 
symbolical ? Did it extend to other books ? E. 

Sow and Pigs of Metal. — The derivation of 
these words, as applied to masses of metal, is 
uncertain. I, therefore, send the following sua- 
gestion, and shall be glad of the assistance of 
your readers in its elucidation. 

The fused metal from a blast furnace is run 
into a straight gutter, slightly inclined, having a 
number of short parallel gutters, running at right 
angles to the main one, on one side ; the first is 
called the " runner" or "sow," and the latter 
the " pigs." The whole casting forms something 
like a large comb ; the back of the comb being 
the " runner " or u sow," whilst the teeth repre- 
sent the " pigs." The term " sow " was origin- 
ally used, which, I believe, means a run or runner; 
that is, as much metal as was run at one melting, 
and forming one mass. " Sows," in the plural is 
written " sowze," in the Preface to Lambarde's 
Perambtdation, ed. 1596. See Halliweirs Archaic 



Words. When the quantity of metal increased, 
and it became inconvenient from its size, the side 
gutters were added, and the term " pigs" was 
humorously given as proceeding from the " sow." 

That the latter word means a run, or running, 
I infer from its being applied to rivers, and to 
an open running sewer ? 

There are two rivers in England called the 
" Sow." One, in Staffordshire, runs by Stafford ; 
the other, in Warwickshire, runs near Coventry. 
In Ireland, also, there is a river " Sow ;" and in 
that amusing work, Life amongst the Colliers, the 
scene of which is apparently laid in Yorkshire, 
" a foul open sewer running sluggishly down the 
street " is called a " sow." The word " sough," 
pronounced u suff," a term for a drain prevalent 
in the midland counties, is, no doubt, derived 
from the same source. Can any of your cor- 
respondents inform me the exact etymological 
meaning of the word " Sow," as applied to rivers 
and open running sewers ? C. T. 
















fawvicg. 












THE « NAME OF JESUS." 















In the Calendar prefixed to The Book of Com- 
mon Prayer, under the date of the 7th of August 



is this entry, 






"Name of Jesus," 



m 
which I venture to say there are very few church- 
men who can explain, and of which I am ready to 
confess that I have sought for an explanation in 
vain, though I cannot imagine that its origin is 
so entirely forgotten that no author whatever has 
explained it. 

I have consulted Medii 2Evi Kalendarium, by 
R. T. Hampson, 1841, 8vo, where, at p. 216, 1 find 
two entries : — 

1. "Jesuits' Day, August 6. 'On Monday, the anniver- 
sary of Jesuits' Day was observed with its usual solem- 
nity in the loyal city of Exeter,"' &c. &c 

Being an extract from The Cambrian for August 
18, 1838, in which the origin of the said celebra- 
tion at Exeter is attributed to the magistrates 
having ordained the 6th of August to be kept as a 
day of thanksgiving for the defeat of the Devon- 
shire rebellion in 1547. 



2. u Jesus Day, Aug. 6. This is no doubt the same as 
Jesuits' Day, but Gough gives a different account of it, 
as well as a different name: 'The city of Exeter, for its 
opposition to Perkin Warbeck, received great commenda- 
tion from Henry VII., who gave it his sword, and a cap 
of maintenance. For his deliverance from the Cornish 
rebels, August 6 is annually observed as a day of thanks- 
giving, and commonly called Jesus Day.' — Camden's 
Britannia, by Gough, vol. i. p. 36." 

Now, which of these two historical events is the 
origin of the celebration at Exeter is a matter of 

local interest, and deserves a separate invest iga- 



' 



3 rd S. II. Aug. 2, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



85 



tion and answer. But that is not the main object 
of ray inquiry. Jesuits' Day is obviously a cor- 
ruption of Jesus Day, and Jesus Day is certainly 
not a term arising from the commemoration of the 
deliverance of Exeter at either rebellion, but only 
of that deliverance having occurred upon a day 
already so designated. 

But if Jesus Day was the sixth of August, that 
was the festival of the Transfiguration, of which 
no observance is retained by the Church of Eng- 
land, thougli it is mentioned in the Calendar pre- 
fixed to our Prayer Book, as well as the " Name 
of Jesus " on the next day. Of the latter feast 
(if such it was) on the seventh of August, Mr. 
Hampson gives no notice. But on looking further 
in his Glossary I find, in the letter N, the follow- 
ing items : 

"Nomen Jksus. — The Name of Jesus, Jan. 14. ' 
"Nomen Maul*. — Our Lady's Name, in the German 
church, is the octave of her Nativity, instituted by Inno- 
cent II. to commemorate the deliverance of Vienna from 
the Turks, who had besieged it in 1683." 

This reads almost as if the commemoration of 
the deliverance of Vienna had been an imitation 
of that of the deliverance of Exeter. Is there 



any connexion whatever even in the motives of the 
two institutions ? 

And it will be observed that a totally different 
date is assigned to the Name of Jesus. 

I have further consulted another book that I 
thought likely to aflbrd the required information, 
The Calendar of the Anglican Church Illustrated, 
1851, 12mo. (J. H. Parker.) There August 7, 
Name of Jezus, is made the occasion for introduc- 
ing notices of the monograms used for the name 
of Jesus ; but no explanation nor suggestion is 
furnished why the " Name of Jesus " should be 
connected with the seventh of August. 

Saint Peter had emphatically declared that 
there was no other name under heaven given 
among men whereby we must be saved (Acts 
iv. 12) ; and. St. Paul that God hath given him a 
name which is above every name ; that at the name 
of Jesus every knee should bow. (Philippians 
ii. 9, 10.) Upon these texts may very probably 
have been founded certain commemorative ser- 
vices, in which the worship of a Name may un- 
happily have taken the place of that worship as a 
Spirit which God requires from his creatures. 

There were in medieval times, in this country, 
many Jesus Guilds, particularly one very fre- 
quently mentioned, whose services were celebrated 
in the crypt of St. Paul's Cathedral in London. 
I suspect that these were especially connected 
with the worship of the Name of Jesus. But 
surely some of our ecclesiastical antiquaries must 
have treated of the matter, and I shall not inquire 

in vain among the readers of " N. & Q ." N. H. S. 



NULLIFICATION. 

Can any of your readers procure me one or 
more instances of the use of this word, or of its 
verb, prior to 1620? The following statement 
will show why I want it : — 

It has always appeared to me that the alge- 
braical phrase " root of an expression," would have 
been much more significant if, instead of root, the 
word nullifier had been used. A few days ago, 
remembering that Harriot introduced the word 
root in this sense, I looked at his posthumous 
work (he died in 1621) to see what account he 
gave of it. I found I had, years ago, made a 
note (from Aubrey) in the book to the effect that 
Harriot rejected the Old Testament, whence the 
divines of his time attributed his death — which 
was caused by a cancer in the lip, owing, others 
said, to a habit he had of holding compasses and 
other brass instruments in his mouth — to a 
special judgment, in punishment for his having 
nullified the word of God. It struck me that the 
word was not in the English of that time, and I 
found that Phillips has no word inserted between 
nullifidian and nullity. Hereupon I began to sus- 
pect that the clergy who used the phrase intended 
a satirical allusion to Harriot's algebra. Har- 
riot was the first who wrote A=B in the form 



A 



B 



; and this zero must have appeared 



excessively strange when it was first introduced, 
though very familiar to us. It would take too 
much space to describe the very slow steps by 
which came to represent nothing, cessation of 
the idea of magnitude : down to Harriot's time, or 
nearly, the cipher, as it was called, was only a 
blank type, useful in keeping the digits of a 
complex number in their proper places. It seems 
not unlikely that the clergy, by way of satire, put 
it that Harriot had made the word of God = as 
as well as A — B. And the supposition is some- 
what confirmed by the option of using the phrase 
" of none effect," which occurs several times in 
the authorised version in connection with the 
" word of God." Would a clergyman have used 
such a word as nullify, when he had a strong sub- 
stitute which was in possession of the popular ear, 
unless he had some reason derived from the occa- 
sion ? 

But it may be said that in 1621 the authorised 
version (1611) had not had time to bite in. I 
looked therefore at the various English versions 
of Matthew xv. 6 and Mark vii. 13 ; and I find, 
curiously enough, that " of none effect " is a 
piece of pure Protestantism. In the second pas- 
sage, it is used by Tyndale, Cranmer, the Geneva, 
and the Authorised ; Wicklif has " breken," and 

' In the first passage it 
is used by Cranmer and the Authorised, the 
other two having " without effect : " Wicklif has 

" made void.," and the Rhemish " made frustrate." 



the Rhemish " defeating. 



86 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3**S.ll. Au\a.V62. 



It follows that the phrase " of none effect " was 
perfectly familiar at the time in question. 

No doubt, even though the word existed, the 
clergy might have levelled it at Harriot's alge- 
braical practice: but it would be much more 
curious if they invented for the occasion a word 
which the algebraist might with advantage have 
invented for himself. I wait to see whether any 
use of it can be produced prior to 1G21 ; if not, I 
shall conclude that the clergy invented the word. 
And thereupon I shall pray your clerical readers 
to sneer a little at our present algebra ; for we are 
much in want of good words. 

I ought to have stated that Harriot was not a 
retired student: he was a leading member of one 
of those societies of learned men which noblemen 
of intellectual tastes used to collect around them- 
selves. His patron was Henry, Earl of Northum- 
berland: and Harriot, Hues, and Warner, who 
were constantly with this Earl when prisoner in 
the Tower in 1G06, were called his three Magi. 

A. De Morgan. 



A-kimbo. — In the Heart of Midlothian, ch. xi. 
p. 196, of vol. xii., of the Waverley novels, Edin- 
burgh edit, of 1830, is a scene in the court-yard of 
Dumbiedikes, in which the author says : 

The Laird " clapped on his head his father's gold-laced 
hat, and opening the window of his bed-room, beheld, to 
hid great astonishment, the well-known figure of Jeanie 
Deans herself retreating from his gate ; while his house- 
keeper, with arms a-kimbo, fist clenched and extended, body 

erect, and head shaking with rage, sent after her a volley 
of Billingsgate oaths/' 

Can any reader of "N. & Q." explain how 
Mrs. Balchristie managed to perform the feat 
indicated by the italicised words ? Like Jeremy 
Didler, in the old farce, " I only ask for informa- 
tion's sake ! " 



Webster, under the word 



says : 



lt To set the arms a-kimbo, is to set the hands on the 
hips, with the elbows projecting outward." 

Eric. 

Ville-Marie, Canada. 

Anonymous. — Who is the author of The Dis- 
pensary, an interlude. By Three Coxwold Scholars, 
12mo, pp. 26, 1780 ? 2. A new cantata, called Eros 
and Anteros ; or Love and no Love. The principal 
part by Merry Cupid, addressed to the Rev. Mr. 

, Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge. Sm. 

8vo, pp. 18, 1774? This piece is introduced by a 
letter from Cambridge, " To the Editor of the 
Norfolk Chronicle" Neither of these dramatic 

pieces are mentioned in the Biog. Dramatica. 

Zeta. 

Beranger's Views of Rcins, Co. Dublin. 
In the Gentleman's Magazine, 1770, pp. 205 — 209, 
there is " a topographical description of Dalkey 
and the environs/* in the county of Dublin, by 



" 



Mr. Peter Wilson of Dalkey. It is in the form 
of a letter to John Lodge, Esq., Deputy-keeper 
of the Rolls, and contains the following passage : — 

"To illustrate this description, I have inclosed a sketch 
[which is given] of one of the castles, from a view taken 
by my ingenious friend Mr. Beranger, who, with great 
industry and correctness, hath drawn a curious collection 
of ruins, principally in the neighbourhood of Dublin, 
and means to have them engraven and published, if 
suitable encouragement be not wanting. 

Can you give me any information respecting 
these views ? Have they been published ? Or, if 
not, where are they deposited ? I am particu- 
larly anxious to know more ^about them. Who 
was Mr. Beranger ? Abhba. 

Chess Legend. — It is said of the man who in- 
vented chess, that when he showed the game to the 
king he was asked to name his reward. He said 
all he asked was to be given a grain of corn for 
the first square, two for the second, four for the 
third, eight for the fourth, and so on, doubling on 
each square. The calculation was made how 
much he was to receive, and it is said that it 
amounts to more corn than the whole world has 
produced since Adam. There are fifty million 
square miles in the world. Can any of your 
readers tell me the average number of ears of 
corn there are in an' acre? I believe there are 

P. R. O. 



about twenty-five grains in an ear. 

Cruelty to Animals. — Has the Society for 
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals edited any 
pamphlets for general distribution designed to 
second their efforts ? If so, how may such be 
accessible ? References also to any essays, recent 
or antique, on the morale or rationale of this matter, 
both pro and con, will oblige. . N. B. 

In my 
I am in- 



Johx Diamond the Calculator. 



early days I recollect to have seen, — 
clined to think not in the Gentleman's but in the 
Lady's Magazine, — an analysis of the component 
parts of the Bible; viz. an enumeration of the 
totalities of the different books of the Old Testa- 
ment, the chapters, verses, words, and letters ; 
also, how often certain particles occurred in the 
sacred volume ; and the middle chapter, verse, 
&c, were also particularised. These details, as 
far as I had seen, were anonymous, but; lately ac- 
cidentally looking into Lysons's Environs of Lon- 
don (5 vols. 4to, London, 1795), I observed, 
vol. ii. Hanwell, p. 557, that these computations 
were by John Diamond, a native of Lincolnshire, 
who, strange to say, was blind from a month old ; 
and, marvellous as it may appear, was capable of 
keeping a school and instructing others. The case 
is altogether most extraordinary, but as Mr. Ly- 
sons*s work is easily accessible I will not occupy 
your space with longer details, but merely state, 
that the man was then sixty years of age, and 
living at Hanwell, and I trust some reader of 



3' d S. II. Aug. 2, '02.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



87 



" N. & Q." will favour us with the conclusion of 
the history of this wonderful character. 

comptjtator. 

Disinterested Generosity and Moral De- 
linquency. — Under this heading I have a news- 
paper paragraph, at least twenty years old, as 
follows : — 

u It is a most extraordinary fact that the Scotch pea- 
sant who sheltered Prince Charles after his defeat at 
Culloden Moor, and when the price of 80,000/. was set 
upon his head, was afterwards hung for stealing a cow ! " 

Can any of your readers supply the name of 
this man and the particulars of his trial and con- 
demnation ? If true, it is a fact worthy of being 
put on lasting record. T. B. 

Fox and Lord ' North. — When and upon 
what occasion did Fox contemptuously call Lord 
North " A thing," and what was North's reply ? 

E. II. 

44 General Advertiser." — Who was the ed- 
itor of the General Advertiser about 1780, and 
did he advocate a plan for enlarging Newgate ?* 

E. H. 

The Halseys. — In Wharton's Queens of Society 
I find the following passage. Speaking of Thrale's 
Brewery, it is said : — 

" The brewery then belonged to Edmund Halsey, 
whose family still flourish in Hertfordshire, and own 
Gaddesden Park. The concern was situated at St. Al- 
ban's, and was highly profitable ; it was the foundation 
of the provincial greatness of the Halseys." 

The highly respectable family, referred to here, 
would scarcely, I presume, admit the correctness 
of this latter designation; but they might also, if 
I am not mistaken, disclaim the whole of the state- 
ments respecting them contained in these short 
sentences. 

There is no reason, that I am aware of, to 
doubt but that Great- Gaddesden was granted to 
the ancestor of the Halseys by Henry VIII., and 
that their family has maintained its standing there 
ever since ; but there is great reason to doubt 
whether this Edmund Halsey had any connection 
with them. At any rate his name does not ap- 
pear in their pedigree ; and one who is interested 
in the subject would be glad of any proofs by 
which it could be established. C. W. B. 

Harrow School. — Any readers who may be 
in a position to contribute any memoranda or 
reminiscences of Harrow School (especially of its 
earlier days) will confer an obligation by com- 
municating with M. A., care of Messrs. Black- 
woods, Publishers, 45, George Street, Edinburgh. 
The advertiser's name and address will be readily 
given. 



James Stephen Lushington, youngest son of 
Thomas Godfrey Lushington, Esq., of Sitting- 
bourne, in Kent, by his first wife Dorothy, 
daughter of John Gisbourne, Esq., was educated 
at Peterhouse; B.A. 1756, Fellow 175— , M.A. 
1759. He was Canon of Carlisle 1777—1785, 
and Vicar of Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1782. He 
also held the vicarage of Latton in Essex, and is 
described as of llodmersham in Kent. We shall 
be glad to be informed of the date of his death. 

C. H# & Thompson Cooper, 

Cambridge. 

Linen. 

" The linen, I also observed, was very neatly lapped 
up, and to their praise be it spoke, was lavender proof." — 
Glasgow in 1G58. 

Does this passage mean that the linen was kept 
so sweet and clean that it did not require lavender 
to be strewn over it ? — a custom I remember as 



in voeue even in 1825. 



W. P. 



[* James Perry (latterly editor of the Morning Chro- 
nicle) was, in 1780, one of the leading writers in the 
General Advertiser. — Ed. ] 



Colonel Daniel O'Neill. — Wanted, an au- 
thority showing the relationship between the 
above-mentioned officer (who was in attendance 
on Charles II. during his exile in France), and 
his uncle, General Owen Roe O'Neill, who gained 
the battle of Benburb in 1646. Herbert Hore. 

Conservative Club. 

Old Painting of the Keformers. — I have in 
my possession an old oil painting of considerable 
merit, and am most anxious to know whose work 
it is. It represents the fourteen most celebrated 
Reformers, whose portraits are all given, seated or 
standing round three sides of an elevated table, on 
which is placed a candle representing the light of 
the gospel ; while on the other side, from below, 
a friar, a pope, a cardinal, and the devil, in the 
form of a bull, are trying to extinguish this 
light, complaining that " they cannot ^ blow it 
out." The friar, in addition to his breath, is throw- 
ing holy water on it with a kind of spoon. Is 
another similar painting known to exist anywhere? 
I am under the impression that I have heard that 
such is the case, but am quite ignorant as to 
where it is now to be found. Can any of your cor- 
respondents inform me? H. C. F. (Herts.) 

Old Pictures and Allusions. — In the Analy- 
tical Magazine for July, 1802, is an article on 
" Pictorial Anomalies : " — 

"Plato has been depicted as a schoolmaster with a 
rod, sitting in his school ; Aristotle saddled and bridled, 
led by Cupid and ridden by Venus; and Judas Maccabeus 
in full armour by the side of a cannon." 

The same writer says : 

" < When the Devil was sick, the Devil a monk would 
be,' &c, is taken from iEschylus." 

I shall be obliged if told where I can see the 



iEschyl 



W 



88 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 






[S'd S. IL.'Aug. 2, V>2. 



Pictubb at Bboom II all. — In the dining- 
room of Broom Hall, the residence of the Earl of 
Elgin, in Fife, is an old picture containing two 
figures; the subject is, the flaying alive of a | 
monk by a fellow-monk, agreeably to the terms 
of a bet which had been laid between them. 
Can any of your readers refer me to the story of 
which said picture is illustrative, or give me any 
other information regarding the matter ? W. G. 

Penny Hedge at Whitby. — A very curious 
ceremony prevailed at one time at Whitby, and I 
am not aware whether it still survives. The 
origin of the custom is, I believe, purely local. 
In a common-place book of my own I have some 
years ago entered the following account, but ap- 
pear to have omitted the authority from whom 
I have quoted it, and the date of transcription. 
j. will give it in the words as it stands : 

"Two persons of distinction in the neighbourhood 
being out a hunting the wild boar, the animal, closely 
pressed, obtained shelter in the hermitage of Eskdaleside, 
but almost immediately dropped lifeless. The hermit 
having closed the door, it was broken open, and the old 
anchorite beaten so severely with their boar-staves as to 
occasion his death. The Abbot of Whitby, attending 
him in his last moments, ordained, not their deaths, but 
the following expiatory penance : that on every Ascen- 
sion Day they should repair to the Abbot's woods, pre- 
ceded by his bailiffs blowing a horn, and at intervals crying 
out, " Out on you ! " and cut from thence a certain num- 
ber of stakes and stowers, with a knife of no more value 
than a penny. With these materials they were to erect 
a hedge, at nine o'clock in the forenoon, at low-water 
mark in the harbour of Whitby, which was to stand the 
washing of nine tides, on pain of confiscation of the whole 
property. The Lord of Whitby Manor, as successor to 
the abbots, about half a century since, offered to dispense 
with the ceremony, but the proprietor of th* winning 
lands held by this remarkable tenure declin 

Does this singular ceremony still prevail ? 

T. B. 

Resurrection Men. — The Messrs. Chambers, 
in their Book of Days, give an account of this 
class of men. In turning over a scrap-book, I 
find the following account, but unfortunately it is 
without date, and I have made no memorandum 
from what paper it is extracted. Can any of your 
readers furnish the means of verifying the cir- 
cumstances therein related ? — 9 

" Resurrection Men. 

" Who has not heard of the diabolical exploits of 
Burke and Hare in Edinburgh, and of the murder of the 
Italian boy in London, for the purpose of selling the 
bodies of their murdered victims for dissection ? At the 
time when the latter deed of darkness transpired, and 
filled all England with horror, a circumstance came to 
light .which illustrated the fatal and criminal facility 
with which the medical profession aided the murderer 
and the sacrilegious disturber of the dead in their nefa- 
rious occupations. 

" A gentleman of the name of Box, a miller, residing 
at Barnet, was returning from London, where he had 
been attending the corn market at Mark-lane. He was 
in a gig, and having reached Finchley Common — a 



i- 



lonely spot — he saw at some distance a eqnare cart, 
with two men in it, driving rapidly towards him on the 
same side of the road. He instantly tamed out of the 
way in order to avoid a collision, but t;he driver of the 
cart did the same, and in a moment the two vehicles 
were locked together by the wheels. One of the men, 
who was not driving, then stepped ou'c of the cart, and 
placing his foot on the shaft of Air. Box's gig, presented 
a pistol, and fired at him. Mr. Box. instantly drew a 
pistol from his pocket, and returned t'ne fire, upon which 
the man, giving a dreadful shriek, fell back into the 
cart. His companion instantly disentangled the vehicles 
and drove off at full speed. 

"As soon as Mr. Box came to his recollection, he 
turned his horse's head and drove after him ; but the 
other had got the start, and having a powerful horse, 
contrived to elude tho pursuit, by turning into a bye- 
street upon reaching Islington. Application was made 
at Bow Street, and a diligent inquiry was set on foot, 
but to no purpose. The affair, which mada a good deal 
of noise at the time, gradually died away, until the 
murder of the Italian boy caused a revelation of the 
finale of the tragedy to the following effect ; 

" It appeared that the two men were body -matchers, or 
resurrection-men, who, having been upon a fruitless ex- 
pedition into the country, were returning to town, and, 
unwilling to go home empty-handed, resolved, upon 
seeing Mr. Box in his gig, to make a subject of him, if 
nothing else. They accordingly enacted the scene we 
have described. The driver of the cart, finding his friend 
dead, and thinking it of no use to have a friend if he did 
not make use of him, drove off to St BartJtoIomew*s Hot- 
pital, and sold him for dissection! Of courso, it was not 
known at the moment of purchase how tho man came 
by his death ; but the wound was found as soon as tho 
corpse was exposed, and a friend of the writer saw the 
bullet extracted under the dissect ing-kniio, but no in- 
quiry was instituted, although the time corresponded 
with the affair in which Mr. Box was so conspicuous an 
actor. 

H In explanation of the singular escape of Mr. Box 
from the point-blank shot of the assassin, that gentleman 
happened to have a large bag of silver in his coat side- 
pocket ; and when he reached home, he found the ball 
safely lodged amongst the harmless shillings and half- 
crowns ! " 

T. B. 



Royal Motto. 






" Dieu est mon droit." 












Was this ever the reading of the royal motto ? 
I have seen it thus under the royal* arms, with 
the date 1641. Ucyte. 

Capetown, S. A. 

Scandinavian Proverbs. — In a Boston re- 
print of Ray's Proverbs, the two following are 
marked " Scandinavian : M 






" He who allows himself to bo taken deserves to be 
hanged. 
" Two cats to one mouse is sorry hunting." 

Can any reader of " N. & Q." help me • to the 
• " m m E. W. 



originals ? 









&utrfat tottf) Gfagtotrst. 






Sterniiold and Hopkins's Psalms: W. W. 
and N. — It has often been matter of inquiry 
who W. W. was. He versified several psalms at 


















3"i S. II- Aug. 2, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



89 



the end of Sternkold and Hopkins's old version. 
In Tom Brown's Letters from the Dead to the 
Living (Joe Haines's third letter) he says, walk- 
ing in Elysium, he met " three old-fashioned 

the eldest of whom 



thread-bare mortals," 
troduced himself thus 



m- 



11 Sir, 



he, 



U 






says ne, " my 
name is J. Hopkins, and my two companions ar 
the famed Sternhold and Wisdom ; " and then 
goes on to inquire whether upon upper earth their 
version of the Psalms is to be superseded by that 
of " two Hibernian bards " (no doubt Tate and 
Brady), whom he calls "two new-fangled usur- 
pers." This would clearly lead us to suppose 
that their coadjutor's (W. W.'s) name was Wis- 
dom, I have a vauue recollection of having heard 
something like this before. Can any of your 
readers assist me ? Was he related to Simon 



e 



Wisdome, who published a sort of epitome of th 
Old Testament in 1594 or thereabouts? Who was 
X., whose single initial stands before several 



psalms near the end ? 

Poets' Corner. 



A. A. 



[The initials, W. W. belong to William Whittyngham, 
Dean of Durham, who died on 10th June, 1570. Only 
five psalms are generally given to him, but he contri- 
b u ted more largely, and in the edition of 1561 the num- 
bers are 23, 37, 50, 51, 67, 71, 114, 115, 119, 121, 124, 127, 
1*29, 130, 133, 137, in all sixteen. He paraphrased the 
Ten Commandments, still inserted at the end of the 
Psalms, and also the Song of Simeon, and two versions of 
the Lord's Prayer, now only to be found in edit. 1561. 
Wisdom's Christian name was Robert, obit. 1568. He 
contributed a second version of Psalm 125, and a well- 
known prayer at the end of the collection. It seems 
improbable that this " arch-botcher of a psalm or prayer " 
should be ridiculed into celebrity by the facetious Bishop 
Corbet, unless he was a noted psalm-singer, or author of 
more than is generally ascertained. He is likewise men- 
tioned by Sir Thomas Overbury, who says, a Precisian 
" conceives his prayer in the kitchen, rather than in the 
church, and is of so good discourse, that he dares chal- 
lenge the Almighty to talke with him extempore. He 
thinks every organist is in the state of damnation, and 
had rather heare one of Robert Wisdom's psalmes than 
the best hymn a cherubin can singe." ( Wife, &c. 1638). 
The letter N is intended for Thomas Norton, a barrister- 
at-law, and assistant of Lord Buckhurst in the once 
popular tragedy of Gorboduc. Consult a valuable paper 
on Sternhold and Hopkins's Psalms by Joseph Hasle- 
wood in Censura Literaria, edit. 1815, i. 69-87, and War- 
ton's History of English Poetry, iii. 149, edit. 1840.1 



The Groyne. 
nated ? 



— What place was thus desig- 
I find the word in a warrant signed by 
Cromwell, now forming part of the choice collec- 
tion of autographs at the »Law Society's Institu- 
tion : — 

" Oliver P. 

" Forasmuch as wee have receaved Intelligences that 
the Spanish Fleet which are expected from the West 
Indies intend to take their course for the Groyne," &c. 

Certain ships are ordered "to saile unto Cape 
Finnester, and to plye thereabouts for the pro- 
tection of trade." 



A groyn is a breakwater, but some special port 
seems to be alluded to in the warrant. Jaydee. 

[ c< The Groyne " is the well-known Spanish port of 
Coruna (English Corunna, French Co roane), on the north- 
west coast of Galicia. The place is called " The Groine " 
in Ilakluyt, as it still is by British Seamen — an easy 
corruption from Cruna, the name bestowed upon it at 
the beginning of the thirteenth century, when Alonzo IX. 
founded it, and removed thither the inhabitants of 13 ur go 
Yiejo. Cruna is the Galician word for cohma, a column 
or pillar; and it is supposed that the town took its name 
from the Torre de Hercnles at the entrance of the port, 
that well-known light-house having this appearance 
when seen from a distance.] 

St. Patricks Curse. — In the Autobiography of 
Adam Martindale, printed by the Chetham Society, 
I find this proverb: — " Those that fare well and 
flit have St. Patrick's curse." Can any of your 
readers give any information as to the reference 
here? Martindale was a native of Lancashire, 
born in the early part of the seventeenth century : 

Is it still in use in 



is the proverb a local one ? 
Lancashire ? 



K. 



[So many maledictions stand recorded in the Acta 
Sanctorum as pronounced on the contumacious by St. 
Patrick on various occasions, that itiis difficult to say posi- 
tively which is the one referred to in the above proverb. 
A person is said to " flit " who removes or changes his 
residence ; not an advisable step if he " fares well," i. e. is 
doing well where he is, andean comfortably remain there. 
The reference to " St. Patrick's curse ; ' seems to indicate 
that curse in particular which he pronounced on a cer- 
tain Oengus, who had impeded the erection of a church 
which the Saint wished to build : "Soon shall thy house 
be overthrown, and thy substance wasted" (Erit in brevi 
domus tua destructa, et substantia tua dissipata. Acta 
Sanct. Mar. 17, p. 565, col. 2, E.) The purport of the 
proverb will then be, " Those who are well off as they 
are, and who shift their position, will get more loss than 
profit : " much as we say, " Let very well alone : " "A 
rolling-stone gathers no moss," and " Two removes are 
as bad as a fire."] 

Turner's Birth-place. — How are we to re- 
concile J. W. M. Turner's assertion to Mr. Cyrus 
Redding {Fifty Years Recollections, i. 198,) that 
be was a Devonshire man, from Barnstaple, with 
the commonly received opinion that the great 
painter was born in Maiden Lane, London ? 

Grime. 

[This statement did not escape the notice of Mr. W. 
Thornbury in his Life of J. M. W. Turner, i. 3. He 
says, " The assertion of Mr. Cyrus Eedding, that Turner 
usod to say that he came up from Devonshire to London 
when he was very young, must be a mistake, as we find 
that his father was married in August, 1773, and he him- 
self baptised in London in May, 1775. Perhaps Turner 
meant that it was his father who, early in life, came 
up from Barnstaple to London ; or perhaps he purposely 
mystified Mr. Redding, as he did so many other people."J 

Medal of Shakspbare. — The writer having 
in his possession the following medal, would be 
glad if you, or your readers, would inform him 
when it was struck ? who was the designer ? and 



90 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'<* S. II. Aug. 2, '62. 



what object or event it was meant to comme- 
morate ? 

Obverse. Bust of Shakspeare after the Chandos 
picture, with the inscription : " Guilielmus Shake- 
speare." 

Reverse. Mountain landscape, surmounted by 
the words " Wild above rule or art." Underneath 
the view, "Nat. 1564." 

The medal is in bronze, about an inch and a 
half in diameter. A. B. G. 

[This was not intended to commemorate any particular 
event. It is a complimentary, struck probably about 
the beginning of the reign of George II. by J. Uassier. ] 



Lord Byron, 



I have 



in my possession a 
bronze medal of Lord Byron, 2£ inches in diame- 
ter, with his Lordship's effigy on one side, and on 
the obverse three trees ; with the inscription 

"A<I>0ITON AIEI." 

Round the edge is the inscription : 



•*F. IIIKEP1NT. KAI , 
KA0IEPH2I2. A .1 



F. FopoiNrrnNTos 
stooapa . En 



ccvx*. J 



What is the meaning of the above ? 
what occasion was the medal struck ? 



And on 
Delta. 



[This medal was a genuine compliment to Byron. It 
was not struck upon any particular occasion, but as an 
offering to Byron's genius by Pickering & Forthington, 
and executed by A. J. Stothard, we believe, in 1824, but 
the Greek numerals are incorrect. The three trees are 
laurels, which the legend pronounces indestructible or 
immortal as his genius.] 



Hcpltc*. 



POPE'S EPITAPH ON THE DIGBYS. 

(3 rd S. i. 6, 55.) 

" Go, just of word, in every thought sincere, 
Who knew no wish but what the world might hear; 
Of gentlest manners, unaffected mind, 
Lover of peace, and friend of human kind ; 
Go, live, for heaven's eternal year is thine ; 
Go, and exalt thy mortal to divine." 

So mortal stands inscribed on a black marble 
slab in the Digby aisle of the abbey church at 
Sherborne. Johnson, then, was right ; and a simi- 
lar contrast at the end of a letter from Pope to 
this very Mr. Digby, on whom the epitaph was 
written, confirms Johnson's reading : — 

" The moment I am writing this, I am surprised with 
the account of the death of a friend of mine; which 
makes all I have been talking of — gardens, writings, 
pleasures — a mere jest! None of them (God knows) are 
capable of advantaging a creature that is mortal, or of 
satisfying a soul that is immortal ! " 

The letter is one of a series which passed be- 
tween the Hon. Robert Digbv and Pope from 
June, 1717, to April, 1726. {Vide Pope's Works, 
ed. London, 1770). At the end of this series is 
added a letter of condolence to Mr. Digby's 
brother, dated April, 1726, to which the following 
foot-note is attached : 



" Mr. Digby died in the year 1726, and is buried in 
the church of Sherburne, in Dorsetshire, with an Epitaph 
written by the Author." 

The letter is too long for " N. & Q," although 
interesting, as it marks the manners and senti- 
ments of what has been called the English Augus- 



tan age. 



It is written in Pope's best style 



less 
laboured, less laudatory than the composition of 
the epitaph ; but in both the same genus scribendi 
prevails — the exaltation of moral worth. Mr. 
Markland justly observes that, "art de bien 

is the French translation of a good life ; 



»» 



vwre 

but this is only another phase of the bene beateqne 
vivendi in heathen philosophy. With the excep- 
tion of " Vital spark of heavenly flame ! M (an ode 
sometimes to be found in the selection of hymns 
at the end of the Book of Common Prayer, and 
which I have myself heard after a funeral in a 
parish church, sung with an accompaniment of 
fiddles and flutes) in which the poet has embodied 
the apostle's words, " When this mortal shall have 
put on immortality," and concludes with the rap- 
turous questions 

" O Grave ! where is thy victory ? 
O Death ! where is thy sting ? " 

Here we get a glimpse of Christian sentiment; 
but, in the opening of the Ode, Pope's line, 

" Trembling, hoping, ling'ring, flying, 

seems a butterfly (Psyche) plagiarism of the 
heathen emperor's Address to his Soul, 

" Animula, vagula, blandula." — Hadr. Imp. in Spart. 

With the exception of this ode, Pope's Works % 
whether Poetry or Letters, are at best but " Moral 
Essays, 

lived. For this frigidity (to 
term) was not confined to the poet's Works, but 
appears in the Correspondence of Atterbury, a 
series of letters which follows immediately after 
the Digby series mentioned above. The last 
letter of that series is headed : " The Bishop of 
Rochester on the Death of his Daughter." The 
composition of this epistle is of a higher order in 
style, and the religious tone rather more distinct 
than in Pope's letter of condolence at Mr. Digby's 
decease; but still here religion only holds the 
second place, as a source of consolation under 
God's afflictions : — 

"At my age, under my infirmities, among utter 
strangers (he was at Montpellier) how shall I find out 
proper reliefs and supports? 1 can have none but those 
which Reason and Religion furnish me." 

This discussion of the incidental question on 
morality, involved in Mr. Markland's Query, 
has taken me away from the main subject — the 
Epitaph. I must not, however, conclude without 
endeavouring to fix the date when it was in- 
scribed on the marble : certainly not till three 
years later than Robert Digby's death, 1726 ; for 
his sister, whose virtues are also commemorated 



the frigid religion of the age in which he 

use no stronger 






3' d S. II. Aug. 2, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



91 



in the epitaph, did not depart this life till 1729. 
In a letter (vide Bowles's ed. 1806) to Miss 
Blount, Pope gives a very interesting account of 
a visit to Sherborne Castle; and particularly 
mentions his being at this u cathedral " (i. e. the 
:ibbey church) in which the Digby mausoleum 
had been made out of a cemetery chapel, where the 
old abbots, mouldered into dust, lay buried, and 
from which their stone coffins were ejected (1698) 
to make room for John Digby, Earl of Bristol. 
M A noble monument, one of the finest things in 
the cathedral," Pope says, particularly struck his 
attention. The earl is standing in his parliamen- 
tary robes, holding a coronet in his right hand. 
His two wives stand on either side of him: the 
first with a burning lamp in her hand, and both 
flanked with cupids, holding burning torches. 
Now it is on the wall abutting this monument 
that Pope's lines, "In Memory of Robert, second 
son, and Mary, eldest daughter of William Lord 
Digby," are inscribed on a plain marble slab, 
surmounted with a fiery urn, the fashionable 
symbol of the seventeenth century. May we not, 
i hen, reasonably conclude from these facts that, in 
his visit, the epitaph must "have undergone the 
scrutiny of the poet's own eye," although modesty 
would not permit him to allude to it in his letter ; 
and more especially as " A. Pope " is sculptured 
beneath the verses ? Queen's Gardens. 



NORTH DEVONSHIRE FOLK LORE. 

(3 rd S. i. 404.) 

There is scarcely a popular tradition that has 
not some foundation in fact ; and I think it will 
generally be found that the reasoning of our 
rustics is so far sound, that it proceeds "from the 
known to the unknown." A circumstance occurs, 
perhaps, which, to their uninformed minds, ap- 
pears difficult of explanation, and they forthwith 
invent a story to account for it. The little nu- 
cleus of truth soon dilates enormously, losing (by 
a well-known law in mental as in natural optics) 
in light what it gains in size. 

Thus it is not impossible, that the awful story 
of Molly Richards may have grown out of the 
discovery of the candle-ends in Marwood church : 
such discoveries being by no means unusual, 
during the repair and alteration of our ecclesias- 
tical structures. A large quantity was found not 
many years since at Chessington church, Surrey ; 
and the probability is, that they were the remains 
of votive and other tapers used before the Re- 
formation. 

The verse to charm an adder is, I should sup- 
pose, Ecclesiastes x. 11.: — 

"Surely the serpent will bite without enchantment; 
and a babbler is no better." 

The power of curing scrofula by " striking " 



the hand over the patient, has been, as your 
readers are aware, ascribed to kings ; and Mr. 
Collison will find, by reference to "JST. & Q." 
(3 rd S. i. 313), that the prerogative has been also 
assigned to the seventh son of a seventh son, on 
the authority of The Taller. But in the text to 
which he refers, the putative operator is a pro- 
phet ; and the adoption of the local word striking, 
seems to hint that the custom in Devonshire is 
derived from Naaman's reference to Elisha. 

Without committing myself to all the absurdi- 
ties of mesmerism, I am decidedly of opinion that 
something of the kind prevailed extensively 
among the ancients generally, whilst the strange 
pantheistic theology of Egypt, as embodied in her 
papyri and mural paintings, seems full of it. I 
do not think, moreover, that any one conversant 
with the subject will deny the weakening effect 
consequent on performing repeated operations in 
this art ; or that some are much better able to 
mesmerise than others, owing chiefly to robust- 
ness of constitution, which may be one reason 
why a seventh son should be so privileged; the 
developement of one physical stamina being sup- 
posed to culminate in this mystic number. 

Douglas Allport. 



MODERN ASTROLOGY. 
(3 rd S. i. 481.) 

It may assist T. B. in his efforts to obtain a 
history of the men who, within the present cen- 
tury, have made a profession of judicial astrology, 
if he will peruse the following list of a few of 
them, with whose works I am acquainted. 

Mr. Worsdale, of Lincoln, author of several 
works on astrology, at the commencement of this 
century. 

Mr. Worsdale, Jun., his son. 

Mr. Thomas White, author of The Beauties of 
Occult Science investigated (published by Davies, 
Aldersgate Street, 1811), who died in prison, a 
martyr to his faith in astrology. 

Mr. Wilson, author of The Astrological Dic- 
tionary, and Tables for making Astrological Com- 
putations; about the year 1820. 

Mr. Smith, author of The Manual of Astrology, 
and The Prophetic Messenger Almanac, about 
1820 ; which almanac is still continued. 

Dr. Simmonite, author of numerous works on 
astrology within the last thirty years. 

Mr. Dixon, author of The Spirit of Partridge, 
published about 1824 by Davis and Dickson. 

Mr. L. B., author of a weekly work named The 
Astrologer, and who is a well-known dramatist. 

The anonymous author of The Grammar of 
Astrology, published in 1834, and which passed 
quickly through five editions ; also The Horoscope, 
two series, in 1835 and 1841 ; Lilly's Introduction 



92 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[S"» S. II. Aug. 2, 'C2. 



to Astrology, published 1835; The Handbook of 
A strology, published in 1861 ; Ephemerides of the 
Heavenly Bodies yearly, from 1840 to 1864 ; and 
ZndhicVs Legacy, in 1842; and ZadkieVs Tables 
for Calctdating Nativities. Who is also the editor 
of Zadhiel s Almanac, from 1831 to 18G2 ; which 
sells now about 5o,000 copies yearly. 

If T. 13. wish to refer to any of these works, he 
may obtain them of Millard, in Newgate Street. 
Perhaps on perusing them, and learning some- 
thing of their authors, T. B. may qualify his 
accusation as to their being "charlatans." He 
may even come to believe with the writer, who 
has studied and practised astrology for thirty-nine 
years, that it is not by any means "imposture." 
If T. B. will, from any of the above publications, 
learn to " draw a figure," he will then learn that 
he is very ignorant of the object of that operation. 
It is nothing more than a map, or representation 
of the heavens, at a given time ; and he will see 
that the term he uses — "the conjunction of the 
planets" — is totally unmeaning; since it is to the 
aspects and positions of the planets the astrologer 
refers, and not conjunctions only, which are very 
rare events. I never before heard of the in- 
dividual, of whose operation T. B. informs us ; 
and I have no doubt that he was one of those 
ignorant men into whose hands astrology has been 
chiefly thrown, in consequence of the prejudices 
against the science of such otherwise able writers 
as T. B. 

It might form a useful iQuery for " N. & Q.," 
since we are often told that astrology has been 
" exploded," as to who are the writers who have 
exploded astrology ? It has never fallen to my 
lot to discover their works. R. J. M. 



ANTIQUITY OF SCOTTISH NEWSPAPERS. 

(3 r *S.i. 287, 351,435; ii. 38.) 

The following cutting, which I happen to have 
preserved, is from the Edinburgh Evening Courant; 
and as it may throw some light on the point in 
question, I send it for insertion. The date would 
appear to be Jan. 2nd, 1861. I thought that the 
compiler of the "Age of Newspapers" in The 
Standard must have been misled by the similarity 
of names, in the instance of the Mercurius Cale- 
donins, and Caledonian Mercury, and had there- 
fore ascribed to the latter an antiquity to which 
it is not entitled. The discrepancy as to the 
original founder of the Caledonian Mercury is 
striking; but Dr. Rimbault's well-known learn- 
ing and habits of research are fully able to con- 
test the matter in dispute with the Editor of the 
Edinburgh Evening Courant and Chalmers, who 
describe the founder of that paper as Ruddiman, 
and make no mention of Rolland. I have not had 
the advantage of being able to refer to the news- 



papers themselves — an advantage which I suppose 
Dr. Rimbault and Mr. Andrews have enjoyed. 
Chalmers, to whom I referred, was my chief autho- 
rity : 

u The Caledonian Mercury appeared yesterday accom- 
panied by a fac-simile of the Mercurius Caledonius of 
1660-1, and laid claim, in a long leader, to the honour of 
being the oldest member of the Scottish Press. This is a 
pure delusion of our contemporary's, — who is no more 
descended from tliat 'Mercurius,* than any present John 
Smith from a John Smith then living, to whom his pedi- 
gree cannot be carried. The present Mercury, as its pro- 
prietors surely know, was founded by the celebrated 
Ruddiman in 1720. Now, the great antiquary, George 
Chalmers, wrote Ruddiman's Life, and, of course, investi- 
gated all these points. We cannot, therefore, do better 
than extract from that work, — published in 1794, and 
now before us, — a few short passages on this subject : — 

"'On the 31st of December 1660, appeared, at Edin- 
burgh, Mercurius Caledonius: Comprising the Affairs 
in Agitation, in Scotland, with a Survey of foreign Intelli- 
gence. It was a son of the Bishop of Orkney, Thomas 
Sydserfe, who now thought he had the wit to amuse, the 
knowledge to instruct, and the address to captivate, the 
lovers of news, in Scotland. But, he was only able, with 
all his powers, to extend his publication to ten numbers, 

which were very loyal, very illiterate, and very affected.' 

• •••••• 

" ' In the annals of our literature, and our freedom, it is 
a memorable fact, that there was not a newspaper printed 
in Scotland, at the aera of the Revolution.' 

• •••••• 

"'On the 24th of December, 1718, the town-council 
gave an exclusive privilege to James M'Ewen, stationer- 
burgess, to publish three times a week, The Edinburgh 
Evening Courant ; " the said James being obliged, before 
publication, to give ane coppie of his print to the magis- 
trates." This paper continues to be published by David 
Ramsay, though I am unable to tell, whether he comply 
with the original condition, of giving ane coppie of his 
print to the present magistrates. 

" ' We have, in this manner, been led forward, while 
we left Ruddiman engaged in his philological labours, to 
the epoch, in his life, of the establishment of the Cale- 
donian Mercury, which he was first to print, and after- 
wards to own. The original number of this newspaper 
was published, at Edinburgh, on Thursday, April the 
28th, in the year 1720.' 

"From what Chalmers says, — and we could easily for- 
tify it by the authority of living antiquaries, — it is 
plain that the present Edinburgh Courant is at least two 
years older than the present Caledonian Mercury. It is 
not, perhaps, an important point, but since it has boon 
started, the truth may as well be accurately known." 

J. Mac eat. 

Oxford, 






"ROMEO AND JULIET." 
(3 rd S, i. 363.) 

It is impossible not to be struck by the inge- 
nuity of Mr. Leo's suggestion ; but, I woult 
remark, that if the " eyes " of which Juliet speak; 
are to be referred to the sun, there is no need o 
any alteration of the received text, a liber t) 
always to be avoided as much as possible. Foi 
in the Merchant of Venice f Act II. Sc. 6, Lorenzo 






S. II. Aug. 2, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



9° 



O 



wishing to point out that the night is fast drawing 
to a close, says 

" For the close night doth play the runaway" 

Now, if Shakspeare calls night a " runaway ' in 
reference to approaching day, he may well make 
Juliet call day, or the sun, a runaway in reference 
to approaching night. 

I see, too, by the note in Mr. Charles Knight's 
edition that all the old copies read " weep," and 
that " wink" is an innovation. It seems to me 
that "sleep" would be a much less violent change, 
and then the passage would stand, " That run- 
away's eyes may sleep ; " or that the departing 
day's "garish eye" may be closed in slumber, 
und unable to watch Romeo. 

But I confess to have always doubted whether 
any metaphor was ever intended here, and whe- 

is not the genitive plural, and 
does not allude to mischievous spies. In London 
it was common enough formerly, before the esta- 
blishment of the police force, for young lads (the 
Parisians would call them gamins) to knock at a 
street door, or tie a cat or dog to the knocker, 
and make their escape after having enjoyed the 
astonishment of the servant. 






ther " runaways " 



> 



ailed 



" runaways," 



These boys were 
and the servant would call 






their exploit " a runaway's knock." I have been 
told that in some country neighbourhoods boys of 
a similar character are fond of spying out sweet- 
hearts' assignations, and playing a very unwel- 
come third at their meetings, darting upon them 
at the most inopportune moments, and running 
away to avoid the vengeance of the disappointed 
swain. If such a practice prevailed at Stratford 
in Shakspeare's time, he was quite capable of trans- 
ferring it to Italy, and of representing Juliet as 
fearful that her lover's steps might be watched by 
these troublesome urchins and traced to her door. 
She hopes, therefore, that the night may be so 
dark — 

"That runaways' eyes may wink (or sleep), and Romeo, 
Leap to these arms, untalk'd of and unseen." 

Stylites. 


















CARDINAL'S CAP, 
(3 rd S. ii. 45.) 



The red cap was granted to cardinals by Pope 
Innocent IV. at the Council of Lyons, a.d. 1245, 
and allowed to be borne in their arms at the same 
time, as an emblem that they ought to be ready to 
shed their blood for the Church ; especially against 
the Emperor Frederick II., who had just been 
deposed, and his subjects absolved from their alle- 
giance by that Pope and Council. Gilbert de 
Varennes, however, looking for a less temporary 
reason, quotes Gregory of Nyssen to prove that 
this colour was the mark of supreme dignity ; and 
appeals even to the prophet Nahum (ii. 3), saying : 



" viri exercitus in coccineis 



i» 



" the valiant men 



are in scarlet." Hence he concludes that " the 
royal priesthood " belongs to the cardinals, and 
that they are the chief leaders of the church 
militant. So their eminences must have the royal 
and the martial colours — purple and scarlet. 
Upon which Spener quaintly remarks, " that if 
the cardinals be the i royal priesthood,' St. Peter 
(I. ii. 5,) did not know what he was talking about, 
when he spoke of the c royal priesthood ' as a dig- 
nity common to all Christians, seeing it was due 
to the cardinals who were yet unborn." 

Until the above Council, only legates a latere. 



n 



th- " 



had worn the scarlet cap ; and cardinals evei 
who were regulars, continued to wear only the 
head-dress of their order until Gregory XIV., 
in the year in which he died, a.d. 1591, granted 
them the red hat. 

At first the hat had only three knots, fringes, 
or tassels, on each side. Afterwards it had live, 
whilst an archbishop's had four, and a bishop's 
three ; but for the two latter prelates the colour 
was green. 

The origin of this hat is traced by Budgeus to 
e " causia" (from naloo, to burn), the white, or, 
as some say, purple broad-brimmed hat, worn by 
the Macedonians as a protection against the best, 
and by sailors : 

" Facito ut venias ornatus hue ornatu nauclerico, 
Causiam habeas ferrugineam, culcitam oh oculos lanea™." 

Plaut. Mil. Glor >y iv. 4. 42. 

This hat and a purple cloak were considered 
royal presents among the Macedonians. Cf. also, 
Val. Max. v. 1, No. 4. 

We may note, with regard to the rest of the 
cardinal's costume, that Pope Boniface VIII. , 
about a.d. 1299, gave them the purple dress in 
imitation of the Roman consuls, who wore it in 
their year of office : though others when legates 
had worn it, of whom the first noticed was Car- 
dinal Pelagius, when ambassador at Constanti- 
nople, a.d. 1213. Pope Paul II., a.d. 1464-71, 
granted them the episcopal dress : the white silk 
mitre and red coif, also the white horse with pur- 
ple housings. But the title of " Eminence " was 
not given to them until Jan. 10, a.d. 1630, by 
Pope Urban VIII. Whereas, before that time, 
they were designated as " most illustrious " and 
" most reverend." Cf. Macr. Hierolex. ii. 266 ; 
Spener, Insign. Theor., i. ii. 67 ; vi. 316; Gilb. 
de Varennes, pp. 4, 584 ; De Vaines, Diet. Di- 
plom., i. 227. 

The lawn sleeves of our bishops are merely the 
sleeves of the rochette, made wider and fuller ; 
and more nearly resembling those of the surplice, 
except that they are confined at the wrist, than in 
mediaeval times. The rochette itself is of very 
ancient use in the Western Church : though the 

' CD 

name, " rochettum " is probably not earlier than 
the thirteenth century. The derivation is uncer- 



94 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3*<* S. II. Aug. 2, '62. 



tain. Some trace it from tbe late Greek word 
Pov\lov, or povxov = rocky in German ; frock, in 
English ; rochet, or roquet, in French. (Meursius, 
Gloss. Grcecobarbarum, ed. Lugd. Batav., 1610, 
p. 605.) Gavanti asserts that it was a "new 
word" of French origin, and introduced pro- 
bably when the Popes were at Avignon, a.d. 
1305 — 1377. Ignatius Braccius thought it might 
be got from the Hebrew, and meant " a vest fair 
to see" (Gavanti, The*., i. 80, ed. Lugd., 1669). 
It was called " linea" in the old u Ordo Romanus." 
So it is said of St. Cyprian, "remansit in linen 
prope martyriura." Baron. Ann., 261, and St. 
Alexander: "Episcopus et martyr sub Antonino 
dicitur suscepisse gladium stans in linen" Ado, 
Mnrtyrol, 26 Nov. ; cf. also, Palmer's Origines 
Liturgicce, ii. 318, where there is a brief account 
of this vestment ; and a picture is given of a 
bishop with rochette and chimere at the end of 
the volume. E. A. D. 



The Cardinals began to wear, as a privilege, 
the red hat at the Council of Lyons, 1245, to 
show their readiness to shed their blood for the 
liberty of the Church. (Nich. de Corbio, in Vita 
Inn., c. xxiv.) : 

"Per hoc innuens, qubd in* persecutione fidei et jus- 
titiae, Romana Ecclesia, quaB caput est omnium aliarum, 

prae caeteris debet caput apponere, si necesse fuerit, cruen- 
t an d u m . " — Na ngis. 



Innocent IV., in 1244, appears to have directed 

the use of the red hat; and Paul II., in 1464, 

granted for use, with sacred vestments, the scarlet 

bonnet, "rubrum capitium," which had been the 

prerogative of the Pontiff. (See Polydore Vergil, 

De Inv. Rer., book iv. c. vi. p. 90, London, 1551.) 

The Cardinal's dress is a red sattane, a rochet, a 

short purple mantle, and red hat. The form of 

appointment consists in the ceremonial of putting 

the red bonnet upon the head of the Cardinal by 

the Pope, who signs him with the cross, and says 

to him — " Esto Cardinalis." 

The Bishop's rochet is a fine linen dress, 

shorter than the albe, and having properly tighter 

sleeves. There is no ancient authority for the 

large sleeves at present worn. They seem to have 

reached their large dimensions about the time of 

Bishop Overall, who appears in voluminous sleeves 

in his portrait. The closeness of the sleeve at the 

hand, denoted " ne quid non utile faciant." (Bede, 

De Tabern., cited by Amalarius, Bibl. Patrum, 

lib. x. p. 389.) The rochet was enjoined in public 
by the Canon Law : — 

* Pontifices in publico et in Ecclesia superindumcntis 
lineis oranes utuntur."— Decret., lib. iii. tit. 1, c. 16. 

Erasmus mentions it as something peculiar in 

Bishop Fisher, that he left off his rochet in travel- 
ling: 

" Decreverat, posito cultu Episcopalis, hoc est, linea 
veste qua semper utuntur in Anglia," &c. 



The rochet, according to Ducange, is " vestig 
linea cum manicis strictioribus; " and is defined 
by Lyndwood to be " sine manicis," being used 
for convenience at the ministration of Holy Bap- 
tism. {Ad Prov. Eccl. Cant., lib. iii. tit 27.) 
Bishops on horseback, or a- foot, were to use 
44 camisias albas sive rosettas" by the Council of 
Bude, 1279, c. 3 ; and Catalani explains " camisia" 
as the same with the linen vest, prescribed for use 
in the city, or church, by the fourth Council of 
Lateran under Innocent III., a.d. 1213. {Car. 
Episc, lib. i. c. 1. p. 10). 

Mackenzie E. C. VValcott, M.A., F.S.A. 



• • 



Quotations, References, etc. (3 rd S. i. 449 ; 
ii. 13.) 

4. " Saith St. Austin, I dare say that it is profitable 
for some men to fall; they grow more holy by their 
slips." 

" Audeo dicere, superbis continentibus'expedit cadcre," 
&c. — De Divers. Serm. cccliv. cap. ix. torn. v. col. 1378, 
ed. Ben. fol. Par. 1679, sqq. 

" Audeo dicere, superbis esse utile cadere in aliquod 
apertum manifestumque peccatum, unde sibi displiciunt, 
qui jam sibi placendo ceciderunt." — De Civ. Dei, xiv. 13. 

C. P. E. 

William Godwin (3 rd S. i. 503.) — Walter 
Wilson, in his Dissenting Churches (i. 385), sup- 
plies the following particulars : — The father of 
John Godwin of Guestwick was Edward Godwin, 
who was born at Newbury, 1695 ; was forty years 
pastor of a Presbyterian church in Little St. 
Helen's, London ; died 21st March, 1764, and was 
buried in Bunhill Fields. This gentleman's elder 
son, Edward, preached a short time in Mr. White- 
field's connexion, but died early. The other son, 
John, was educated under Dr. Doddridge ; and 
he (not his father) settled at Wisbeach, where he 
continued twelve years. He removed in 1758 to 
Debenham in Suffolk, and again in 1760 to Guest- 
wick in Norfolk, where he died in November, 
1772. Both these ministers appear to have been 
much and deservedly respected. Wilson states 
that Edward Godwin, the son, was " not trained 
to the ministry ; " but in Orton's list of Dod- 
dridge's pupils (Doddr. Corresp. ed. Humphreys, 
v. 548, 550), are " Edward Godwin, Methodist, 
1736," and "John Godwin, minister, Wisbeach, 

1743." 
With deference to G. A. C, I believe that the 

affix "Clerk" to a dissenting minister's name, 
whether strictly correct or not, was not uncom- 
mon in deeds and wills. That the solicitor who 
prepared the will of John Godwin was " ignorant 
as to the real status of his client " is surely incon- 
ceivable. S. W. Rix. 

Beccles. 

The Town Library op Leicester (3 rd S. ii. 
5, 50.) — The mayor's feast at which this library 









3'<* s. II. Aug. 2, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



95 






was desecrated, took place in 1793, when several 
hundreds of books were removed from their places, 
and thrown together in a confused heap. But 
this was all of a piece with the character of the 
guardianship, when we find it gravely recorded in 
the Annals of the Corporation that a certain libra- 
rian was "promoted" to be macebearer! Bare- 
faced depredations, says Mr. Edwards, were com- 
mitted. From a MS. Latin Bible (on vellum) 
many leaves were cut out, by and for visitors, and 
by way of u keepsakes." The macebearer, it 
seems, is succeeded by one Mrs. Dawson, a biblio- 
graphical charwoman, who "keeps the place 
clean " ! and " understands " the value of the 
books !! Shame, shame upon this town council of 
Leicester. Alas ! how little did the worthy foun- 
ders and donors of these old libraries imagine their 
good deeds would be thus rewarded. 

Among the original donations to the Leicester 
library were the Nuremberg Latin Bible of 1549 ; 
Steplianus* Greek Testament of 1550; the Eng- 
lish Bibles of Tyndale and Cranmer ; the Rheims 
New Testament of 1582, &c. Sir Henry Savile's 
Chrysostom was given by Sir Thomas Dolman in 
1668. Walton's Polyglot Bible was added by 
Dr. Lazarus Seamen ; and Archbishop Tenison 
gave Castell's Lexicon in 1696. But the treasure 
of the library is the famous Codex Leicestrensis of 
the Greek Testament, ascribed to the fourteenth 
century. It was the bequest of Thomas Hayne, 
one of the schoolmasters of Christ's Hospital, 
whose portrait hangs over the library door. 

Will the worthy librarian who " keeps the place 
clean," and looks after the books ! tell me if the 
above-named tomes are safe in her custody at the 
present time ? Edward F. Kjmbault. 

Bara (2 nd S. xii. 194; 3 rd S. ii. 15.) — The best 
explanation that I have seen of the verbs applied 
to the creation in the first chapters of Genesis is 
given in Aids to Faith, p. 203, by Dr. McCaul, 
and is as follows : — 

"There are three words used in reference to the pro- 
duction of the world, — Bara, he created; yetzar, he 
formed ; asali, he made. The last two may be used of 
man ; the first is never predicated of any created being, 
angel or man ; but exclusively appropriated to God. 
Creation is, therefore, according to the Hebrew, a Divine 
Act, something that can be performed by God alone; 

and though it does not necessarily imply a creation out of 
nothing, it does signify the Divine Production of some- 
thing new, of something that did not exist before/' 

Is not such an explanation of the use of these 
terms worthy of a place in " N. & Q." ? 

C. S. Greaves. 

Form op Prayer for the Dreadful Fire of 
London (l ft S. v. 78 ; 3 rd S. i. 388.) — An origi- 
nal copy is preserved in Sion College Library. 
The title is : — 

" A Form of Common Prayer, to be used on Wednesday, 
the Tenth day of October next, throughout the whole 
Kingdom of England, and Dominion of Wales, being ap- 



pointed by his Majesty a day of Fasting and Humilia- 
tion, in consideration of the late dreadful Fire, which 
wasted the greater part of the City of London. Set forth 
by His Majestie's special command. London : Printed by 
John Bill and Christopher Barker, Printers to the King's 
most excellent Majesty, 1G66." 

This Form also contained a prayer to be " used 
continually so long as the navy is abroad." The 
rubric before the litany directs that it, " as it is 
here printed, together with the other proper Col- 
lects in this Book, shall be used publickly in 
Churches, not onely upon the Monthely Fast-days, 
but on Wednesday in every Week (and may by 
every man be used daily in private Families) dur- 
ing the time of this Visitation. 1 ' The prayers 
contain no particular mention either of the city, 
or the plague, or the fire. 

The 2nd of September, being the day on which 
the fire began, was afterwards appointed for the 
yearly commemoration ; and the Form of Prayer 
was printed in some Oxford editions of the Prayer 
Book, between 1681 and 1683. There are five 
copies which contain it in the British Museum. 
The Form was afterwards revised: Archbishop 
Tenison's Imprimatur is dated August the 7th, 
1696. An entirely different versicular hymn was 
composed, to be used instead of Venite exultemus ; 
a Collect was added, making mention of the city, 
and praying that it may be preserved from the 
rage of fire. One of the Proper Psalms was 
changed, and a choice given of First Lesson and 
Gospel. In this shape it was inserted in his Latin 
Prayer Book by Tho. Parsell, of Merchant Tay- 
lors', in 1744. The Form of Prayer appears to 
have been issued from time to time by the king's 
printers. I have seen a copy printed in 1821 ; and 
I have heard that the Form was yearly used in 
St. Paul's until it ceased, together with the Forms 
of Prayer for the State Holydays, which were dis- 
used after the proclamation of the 17th of January, 
1859. F. Procter. 

Jerusalem Chamber (3 rd S. ii. 29.) — Thomas 
of Elmhain says that Henry IV. died in the Beth- 
lehem Chamber : — 

" Mortem regis Henrici IV. 

" Ficta prophetia sonuit quam vivas habebat, 

Qubd sibi Sancta fuit Terra lucranda cruce. 
Improvisa sibi Sacra Terra datur nescius hospes 
In Bethlem Camera Westque rnonasterio." 

Compare Eulog. Hist. i. 256-7 ; PoliL Songs, ii. 
122. Capgrave merely gives his dying address to 
his eldest son. 

Mackenzie E. C. Walcott, M.A., F.S.A. 

Quotation wanted (3 rd S. i. 249, 415.) 

u Cosi colui del colpo non accorto, 
Andava combattendo ed era morto." 

These lines are pointed out by a correspondent 
(K.) to be in four stanzas, inserted by Berni in 
lib. ii. c. xxiv. of his rifacimento of Boiardo's Or- 
lando Innamorato. Ariosto, in the fifteenth canto 



96 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3 rd S. II. Aug. 2, '62. 



of the Orlando Furioso, a poem published before 
Berni's rifacimento of Boiardo's Innamorato, tells 
a similar but more whimsical story of the robber 
Orrilo, whose life, protected by enchantment, 
could not be destroyed until a particular hair on 
his head was shorn or plucked out. Two brothers, 
Gryphon and Sacripant, engaged in combat with 
hi m, and first cut olF some of his arms and limbs, 
which rejoined themselves to the trunk. After- 
wards, having cut off his head, they throw it in 
the river Nile ; but the body followed, swimming 
like a bark on the water to the other side, re- 
gained the head, and escaped. The Englisb^Duke 
Astolpho, to whom the secret of the enchantment 
of his life had been made known by a friendly 
fairy, next engaged him in combat. As in the 
former duel, the separated members reunited 
themselves ; but Orillo's head having been again 
cut off, Astolpho seized it, and while the body 
was searching for it in the dust, he gave the spur 
to his steed Rabican, and galloped over a great 
distance of plain. Orillo wished to cry "Stop, 
horse — turn ! " but his mouth was away with the 
duke. Carried by his swift horse afar, Astolpho 
took the head, and looked for the life-depending 
hair ; but seeking in vain, with his sword he shore 
off the whole locks; on which the countenance 
paled, the eyes turned up, and death came on 
the head and body. This and other similar agree- 
able extravagances have led Berni's lines to have 
been ascribed to Ariosto. I hope K. is mistaken 
in supposing Italian literature to be little culti- 
vated in England. W. W. F. 

Kirkwall. 

Numerous Editions or Books (3 rd S. i. 486.) 
The first part of the Query — the largest number of 
editions any one work has passed through, extended 
to translations, opens a wide and interesting field. 
The Bible and Homer are the two books most 
multiplied in editions and translations. I have 
heard 25,000 editions assigned to the former, but I 
do not know on what authority. It may be men- 
tioned as analogous to this subject, that Professor 
Marsand of Padua collected a Biblioteca Pe- 
trarchesca, a Petrarchian library, consisting of 900 
volumes, illustrative of the life of the Italian poet 
Francis Petrarch. A catalogue was published at 
Milan, but the collection was purchased in 1829 
for the private library of the King of France in 
the Louvre. ( Vide Preface to Campbell's Life of 
Fetrarch.) W. W. F. 

Kirkwall. 

" Regimen Sanitatis Salernitanum, a Poem on the Pre- 
servation of Health, in rhyming Latin Verse, addressed 
by the School of Salerno to Robert of Normandy, son of 
William the Conqueror; with an ancient Translation, 
and an Introduction and Notes by Sir Alexander Croke, 
D.C.L. and F.A.S." Oxford, Talboys, 1830. Small 8vo. 

The Editor mentions in his Preface, that up- 
wards of one hundred and sixty editions had been 



published of this poem, and gives a catalogue of 
the printed editions, from which it appears that 
no less than nineteen editions of the poem, and 
four German translations, were published before 
the year 1500, and eighteen between that year 
and 1520. 

The Saturday Review for April 19 of the pre- 
sent year, p. 436, in an article headed " The 
Cradle of Fine Writing," criticises the 235th edi- 
tion of Butter's Spelling-Book, of which the first 
edition^seems to have been published in 1829. 

Omega. 






The case of Dr. Buchan and his eighteen edi- 
tions sinks into insignificance by that of the 
highly venerated and now venerable Vicar of 
Hursley. Mr. Keble has already lived to see 
that beautiful collection of church poetry, the 
Christian Year, pass through seventy-one editions, 
and I am sure all will join with me in hoping he 
may be spared to see many more. Has any other 
author been similarly honoured ? J. A. Pw. i 







New Edition of Voltaire (3 r * S. i. 185.) — 
Many years ago when at sea on a voyage I read 
an English translation of Voltaire's Candide in 
Cooke's Pocket Edition of English Authors, pub- 
lished at the end of the last century. On readin 
afterwards Candide in the original French, I ha 
the feeling there was some omission, which was 
cleared up to me when I saw the second part of 
Candide published by M. Plon of Paris. The 
second part is contained in Cooke's edition, which 
I have just now seen ; but there is this difference, 
the English translation contains some few details 
omitted in the present French edition. The 
second part is not equal to the first, but if not 
written by Voltaire, is a fair imitation, and plea- 

W.W. F. 

J4ft* 



sant reading. 



Kirkwall. 



Blue and Buff] (3 rd S. ii. 34.)— If Cuthbert 
Bede will reperuse the passages which he has 
cited, he will perceive that they afford no evi- 
dence of the use of the combination of blue and 
buff, as a party badge. On the contrary, they 
prove that in the election-contests for Exeter, 
from 1737 to 1770, blue was the colour of the 
Tory, and yellow, or buff, of the Whig party. L. 

Church used by Churchmen and Roman 
Catholics (3 rd S. i. 427; ii. 56.) — I add the 
following statement without remark, beyond cita- 
tion of authority, namely, " Mapledurham," Skel- 
ton's Oxfordshire, 1823. Langtree Hundred, p. 3 : 

"A considerable portion of the inhabitants of this vil- 
lage, as well as the present and preceding lords of the 
estate, being of the Roman Church, retain the privilege 
of burying their dead according to their usual forms of 
burial ; upon which occasions, those ceremonies are to 
this day performed in the church." 

Lancastriensis. 






S'<J S. II. Aug. 2, '62. ] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



97 






Quotations (3 rd S. ii. 30, 47.) 

The proverbial verse in question is derived 
from the following passage of the Telephus of 
Euripides : 

Ap. Stob. Anth. xxxix. 10. Fragm. 23, ed. Din- 
dorf. 

i It appears to be an extract from a speech of 
Agamemnon to Menelaus, who were represented 
as quarrelling. See Wagner, Poet. Gr. Tra 
Fragm. vol. ii. p. 359. L. 

" Through the ages one increasing purpose'runs," &c. 

from Tennyson's Locksley Hall. 

m I held it truth with him who sinsrs 1 






To one clear harp in divers tones, 
That men may rise on stepping-stones 
Of their dead selves to higher things." 

I would refer K. to a poem of Longfellow's, 
entitled The Ladder of St. Augustine, where he 
will find Tennyson's idea expressed. I give the 
first two stanzas : 

" Saint Augustine ! well hast thou said, 
That of our vices we can frame 
A ladder, if we will but tread 
Beneath our feet each deed of shame ! 






u All common things — each day's events, 
That with the hour begin and end ; 
Our pleasures and our discontents, 
Are rounds by which we may ascend." 



But I am rather inclined to think that Tenny- 
son, by " him who sings to one clear harp in divers 
tones'" meant to point to Coleridge, who, in a 
poem called Religious Musings, has the following 
lines : — 

'* And blest are they 
Who, in this fleshly world, the elect of Heaven, 
Their strong eye darting through the deeds of men, 
Adore with stedfast, unpresuming gaze 
Him, Nature's essence, mind and energy ! 
And gazing, trembling, patiently ascend, 
Treading beneath their feet all visible things, 
As steps that upwards to their Father's throne 
Lead gradual." 

'AKievs. 

" See the strange working of dull Melancholy ! 
Whose drossy thoughts, drying the feeble brain, 
Corrupts the sense, deludes the intellect, 
And in the soul's fair table falsely graves 
Whole squadrons of phantastical chimeras." 

The above lines are to be found in Act I. 
Scene 7, of an anonymous play, called Lingua ; or 
the Combat of the Tongue and the Five Senses for 
Superiority. This play has been ascribed by 
some writers to Anthony Brewer, a dramatic 
writer of the reign of James I., of whom Chal- 
mers says, " there are many disputes as to his 
works, and no information concerning his life." 
The play entitled "Lingua" is contained in the 
fifth volume of Dodsley's Select Collection of Old 

Plays. 'AAieus. 

Dublin. 



Toads in Rocks (3 rd S. i. 389, 478 ; ii. 55.) 
I can inform Mr. Alport that I saw in the 
Exhibition, about a month since, a toad, ap- 
parently in a torpid state, imbedded in a cavity 
in a large block of stone. It was in the open air, 
and near some gigantic specimens of coal. 

Henry Moody. 

Nottingham. 

Esther Inglis : Samuel Keelo (3 rd S. ii. 
46.) — Amongst the MSS. in the Great National 
Library at Copenhagen is 

" The Bookeof the Psalme of David in prose, written be 
Esther Inglis, in the fiftie-thre yeere of hir age, at Edeu- 
brovgh the v March, 1624."— Retr. Rev., 3rd Ser. ii. 408. 

Her son, Samuel Kello, Rector of Spexhall in 
Suffolk, is said to have been educated at Christ- 
church, Oxford (Proc. Soc. Antiq., 2nd Ser. i. 
321). I cannot gainsay this statement; but one 
of the name, an alumnus of the University of 
Edinburgh, is author of Carmen Gratalatorium ad 
Jac. VI. j Edinb., 4 to, 1617 ; and also contributed 
a short Latin poem to The Muses' Welcome. 
(Nichols's Prog. Ja. I, iii. 324, 386.) 

It would seem that Samuel Kello was ejected 
from the rectory of Spexhall in the Great Rebel- 
lion. (Walker's Sufferings, ii. 289.) 

C. H. Cooper. 

Cambridge. 

John Hinchcliffe, or Hinciiliffe, D.D., 
Bishop of Peterborough (3 rd S. ii. 46.) — He 
born in 1731, at Westminster ; admitted on 
the foundation there, 1746; elected thence to 
Trinity College, Cambridge, 1750, where he was 
admitted a scholar 1751 ; took the degree of B.A. 

1754, and was chosen a Fellow of his College in 

1755. In 1757, he commenced M.A. ; and March 
8, 1764, was elected Head Master of Westminster 
School, which place he resigned in June following. 
In July the same year, he was created D.D. The 
Duke of Grafton conferred on him the vicarage 
of Greenwich in 1766 ; and the same ministerial 
interest got him appointed chaplain in ordinary 
to the King, by whom he was promoted to the 
Mastership of Trinity College, Cambridge, in 

1768, and in that year was chosen Vice-chancellor 
of the University. On obtaining the Mastership 
of Trinity College, he resigned Greenwich. In 

1769, he was consecrated Bishop of Peterborough ; 
and in 1788, was promoted to the deanery of 
Durham, which he held in commendam with his 
bishoprick, instead of the Mastership of Trinity 
College. He died at his palace, in Peterborough, 
Jan. 11, 1794. His father, Joseph Hinchcliffe, 
kept a livery stable in Swallow Street. The 
Bishop married the sister of Lord Crewe, who 
had been under him at Westminster School, and 
left two sons and three daughters. See Gentle- 
man's Magazine ; Nichols's Literary Anecdotes ; 

and Welch's Alumni Westmonasterienses. 'AAtcfc, 

Publin. 



98 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8* d S. II. Aug. 2, '62. 



John Hinchliffe (or Hinchcliffe, as I believe it 
to be sometimes erroneously written) of Trin. Col. 
Cambridge, D.D., Bishop of Peterborough, 1769, 
appears from Cole's MS. 5846, fo. 68, to have 
been born in Swallow Street, Piccadilly, in 1731, 
and died in 1794. Although I suspect him to have 
been the son of the John Hinchcliffe mentioned by 
your correspondent as M.D., I have no proof of 
his parentage, male issue, or place of burial ; but 
can assert from an authentic source, his marriage 
with Elizabeth, the second daughter of John 
Crewe, of Crewe Hall, Cheshire, and sister of 
John, the first Lord Crewe, by whom his eldest 
daughter Emma became the wife in 1795 of 
Thomas Duncombe, Esq., of Copgrove, in York- 
shire, and the mother (amongst others) of the 
late Thomas Slingsby Duncombe, Esq., M.P. 
She died in 1840. 

The arms borne by this prelate, Or, a wyvern, 
between three fleur-de-lis vert, assigned to Hinch- 
liffe of London, though it is beyond a doubt that 
the family derived their descent from Yorkshire, 
are mentioned in Warburton's London and Mid- 
dlesex Illustrated, ed. 1749, as the right of Do- 
rothy, only daughter and sole heir of Thomas 
Hinchliff of Saint Bride's parish, London, mer- 
chant, by Frances, his wife, daughter of Sir 
Michael Wentworth of Wooley, in the county of 
York, Knight. Did Dorothy marry ? and what 
relation was Thomas to the Johns. 

H. G. 

A good account of John Hinchliffe, Bishop of 
Peterborough and Master of Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, and his family is given in — 

" Barthomle y ; in Letters from a former Rector to his 
Eldest Son. By the Rev. Edward Hinchliffe, Rector of 
Mucklestone, and Domestic Chaplain to the Earl of Lis- 
burne." Lond. 8vo, 1856. 

A very able and interesting work. 

C. H. & Thompson Cooper. 

Cambridge. 

Curious Coincidence : " Scratching like a 
Hen" (3 rd S. i. 345.) — Defniel exhibits from 
Plautus " gallina scripsit," as an old term for bad 
writing. He will find, in the Dublin University 
Magazine for May, the poet Waller's handwriting 
described in nearly similar terms from Aubrey's 
Letters : " He writes a lamentable hand, as bad 
as the scratching of a hen." D. 

Erasmus and Ulric Hutten (3 rd S. i. 289.) 
Bailey's Erasmus is a very common book, con- 
taining a translation of the " Colloquies." 

The Pilgrimage to Walsingham was very re- 
cently put out by Mr. J. G. Nichols. 

A translation of a few of the Epistolce Obscu- 
rorum Virorum is given in the 40th volume of the 
Foreign Quarterly, if I recollect aright ; and some 
papers were contributed to the Gentleman's Ma- 



gazine by Dr. Doran, between 1842 and 1852, on 



Ulric Hiitten and his writings. 



large libraries of 
want of precision. 



i 



The facts may be relied on. 

D. 



Latimer = Latiner (3 rd S. i. 44.) — This name 
was first given to Wrenock ap Merrick, a learned 
Welshman, who acted as interpreter between the 
Welsh and English in the old fighting days. It 
not the office, as in Eastern countries, the name 
of it at least, became hereditary in his family. I 
will avail myself of this opportunity to ask of any of 
your learned correspondents the derivation of the 
German word for interpreter — Dolmetscherf It 
is almost the only German word that does not 
convey its own meaning with it ; and though 
many derivations are assigned — one of which 
would make it equivalent to " talk-mixer" — I 
have seen none that is satisfactory. J. Doran. 






Joan or Arc (3 rd S. i. 46.) — The legend re- 
specting the substitution of another person at the 
stake, and the subsequent marriage of the Maid 
to Robert des Hermoises, has been treated by 
M. Octave Delepierre, the learned Belgian 
Consul in England, in a volume (JDouie His- 
torique), privately printed. If G. E. should find 
access to that work difficult, I would refer him 
to the Athenceum for September 15, 1855, where 
there is a complete analysis of the story, from 
which it appears that more than two centuries 
after the alleged execution of Joan, namely in 
1645, Father vignier found documents among the 
archives at Metz, which spoke to the presence and 
recognition of Joan in that city, five years after 
her alleged execution. The Father was then a 
guest of a descendant of Robert des Hermoises, in 
whose muniment chest he discovered the marriage- 
contract of Robert and Joan. The matter was 
forgotten, when in 1740, documents were found 
at Orleans which recorded, among other things, 
a gratuity made to Joan in 1439, "for services 
rendered by her at the siege of the same city, 
210 livres." The tradition has many singular 
points, and is full of a delightful uncertainty. 

J. Doran. 

Hymn at Epworth (3 rd S. i. 497 ; ii. 53.) 
I related the story from memory, and have not 
seen for several years Adam Clarke's book, which 
I believe contains it. 

The version of the Psalms in use at the time to 
which it refers was Sternhold and Hopkins, in 
which Psalm cii. 6, is rendered : — 

" And as an owl in desert is, 
Lo, I am sue h a one." 

These lines, I suppose, are the foundation of 
the story, if it has any. I quoted it as I have 
always heard it. It certainly loses much of its 






3rd s. II. Aug. 2, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



99 



point when the " ivy bush " and the " rueful in the arms of Latimer, the antient lords thereof 



thing" disappear. 

Job J. Bardwell Workard, M.A. 

i 

Faber v. Smith (2 nd S. viii. 87.)— Mr. John 
Tat.bot inquires whether the English surname 
Faber is not an attempt to struggle out of Smith, 
by turning it into Latin. It seems to me much 
more probable that the English Faber should 
have been derived from the French Fabre, or 



Favre, common names in France, 
another form of the same name. 



Lefevre is 

L. 



Mess (3 rd S. ii. 53.) — Is not this word derived 
from the Italian commesso, any person who boards 
with another? Cormon& Manni's Dictionary gives 
this explanation : "Commesso, Pensionaire, celui 
qui paie pension pour Stre nourri." The word is 
chiefly used by seamen, and probably brought by 
them from the Mediterranean, as many other sea 
terms have been. Thus " Avast, avast! " is the 
Italian Basta, basta ! " Enough, enough ! " 

A. A. 

Poets' Corner. 

Dudley of Westmoreland (3 rd S. ii. 46.) 
In answer to F. S. G.'s inquiry as to the issue of 
Thomas Dudley who married the daughter of Sir 
Lancelot Threlkeld, I have much pleasure in fur- 
nishing him with the following, which is extracted 
from a recent book entitled The Sutton Dudleys 
of England, by George Adlard, Esq., of New 
York : — 

Thomas Dudley, younger son of Edmund 
Dudley, and half-brother of Edward second Lord 
Dudley, married Grace (not Sarah) daughter 
and co-heir of Lancelot Threlkeld, or Thirlkeld, 
Knight of Threlkeld, Cumberland, and had the 
manor of Yeanwith by his marriage. 

Their issue was as follows : — 

1st. Richard Dudley, who married Dorothy, 
daughter of Edmund Sandford of Askham. 

2nd. John (not Thomas) Dudley of Stoke 
Newington, who died Dec. 29, 1580, and was 
buried in the church of St. Mary, Stoke Newing- 
ton. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Gardiner of Grove, Bucks, who was afterwards 
married to Thomas Sutton of Charterhouse. 

3rd. Thomas Dudley, steward to Robert Dud- 
ley, Earl of Leicester. 

4th. Lucy, who was married to Albany Fether- 
stone of Cumberland. 

5th. Winifred, who:was married to Anthony 
Blenco, of Blenco. 

6th. Elizabeth, married to John Allen of 
Thackstead, Essex. . Alfred B. Adlard. 

Islington. 

Corby, Northamptonshire (3 rd S. ii. 49.)— I 
make no doubt but that the cross alluded to in the 
ensigns of this town, and termed a " Corby Cross," 

was the heraldic cross patonce (or flory) as borne 



but 



The following men- 



temp. Edward I. Their coat armour was " Gules, 
a cross flory or," in other instances, called a Laty- 
mer's Cross, and I believe is so borne at this 
present time on the sleeve or badge of some 
scholars at Hammersmith, Middlesex, belonging 
to a foundation, bv one of that name. H. G. 

Nevison the Freebooter (3 rd S. i. 428 
16, 52.) — It may not assist the inquiry, 
it is perhaps worth while to call the attention of 
Eboracum to a History of Thirsk, by J. B. Jef- 
ferson, published in 1821. 
tion is made of Nevison : — 

" About half-way between Thirsk and Upsal stands a 
house, which has long been known by the name of Nevi- 
son Hall, said to have been the occasional residence of a 
man, about a century and a half ago, who was very cele- 
brated in his way. Though William Nevison was born 
at Pontefract, we cannot call him an ' honest Yorkshire- 
man.' He was, in fact, the most notorious robber and 
highwayman of the age in w T hich he lived. His various 
exploits have been recorded in tne calendars of different 
gaols in the kingdom. A pamphlet, printed at York, a 
few years ago, records his life and adventures, till they 
were terminated by the due reward of his deeds .... on 
the gallows at York." 

I remember the pamphlet alluded to, and should 
think that Eboracum will be able to trace it by 
applying to some of the booksellers at York. I 
remember having a copy offered to me, I think in 
York, with the last dying speech, &c. of Nevison, 
for 30,?. This professed to give some account of 
his birth, life, and exploits. T. B. 

Execution of Sir Everard Digby (3 rd S. i. 
506.) — The following is from a letter in The 
Evening Standard of July 10, 1862, by one who 
professes to have been an eye-witness of the exe- 
cution of Taeping prisoners by the Imperialists. 
Perhaps some medical reader of "N. & Q." will 
give an opinion on the possibility of the matters 
related. 

" Amongst those wretches were young and old, of both 
sexes, and of all ages and sizes: from the infant recently 
born, to the man of eighty tottering on his staff; from 
the enceinte woman, to the young maiden from ten to 
eighteen. The latter were pushed out by the guards 
among the crowd of ruffians assembled ; and were taken 
into sheds and by- places and debauched, and again drag- 
ged back b}' the hair of the head to the Chinese guards, 
to await their turn for execution. Some of them had 
fainted, and were pulled along the ground to the execu- 
tioners ; who threw them on their backs, tore off their 
clothes, and ripped them from the lower part of the ab- 
domen to their breasts, which were cut ofF, and dashed 
with a curse in their faces. The bowels, as a matter of 
course, gushed out ; but the cut was made in such a way, 
and so skilfully and with such expertness, that the in- 
testines were seldom injured. After a little time in this 
state of excessive torture, the executioner thrust his hand 
into the chest and tore out the reeking heart, his victim look- 
ing him in the face all the zvhile. A } r oung female, ap- 
parently about eight months pregnant, who never uttered 
a groan or sigh at all the previous cruelties she had en- 
dured from the surrounding mob, bad her infant cut out 



100 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8** S. II. Aug. 2, *C2. 



of her womb, and held up in her sight by one of its little 
hands, bleeding and quivering ; when, at the sight, she 
gave one heart-rending piercing screech that would have 
awakened pity in a tiger; and after it bad been in that 
state dashed on her breast, she, with a last superhuman 
effort, released her arms from those holding her down % 
and clasped her infant to her bleeding heart and died; 
holding it there with such force, that they could not be sepa- 
rated, and were thus thrown together on the pile of other 



carcases. 



FlTZHOPKINS. 



Garrick Club. 



Plurality op Benefices (3 rd S. i. 428, 478.) 
It is passing strange that anyone could for a 
moment suppose that any clergyman of the Church 
of England ever held twenty or more livings at 
the same time. Williams, as everyone at all ac- 
quainted with the principality knows, is one of 
the most common names in Wales ; and I can 
reckon six Reverend William Williams within 
the circle of my own acquaintance now living. 
Of the list of twenty-one benefices given at 
p. 478 as held by a person of the name, I can 
speak confidently of six of them as having in 
1822 been held by four different persons, and the 
remainder most probably were in the possession 
of ten or a dozen more. One of these may have 
died in 1825, and a reference to the Clerical 
Guide for the following year would probably 
show of which of the livings the deceased had been 



the incumbent. 



VlGILARIUS. 



Alan de Galloway (3 rd S. ii. 7.) — Alan, Lord 
of Galloway, was son of lloland, Lord of Gallo- 
way* by Helen, daughter and heiress of Richard 
de Morville, grandson of Uchtred, and great 
grandson of Fergus, Lord of Galway. He mar- 
ried Margaret, eldest daughter and , co-heir of 
David, Earl of Huntingdon ; and died a.d. 1233, 
leaving three daughters and co-heirs (his only son 
Thomas having died s. p.): — 

1. Divorgal, wife of John Balliol, and mother 
of John Balliol, King of Scotland. 

2. Helen, wife of Roger de Quincy. 

3. Christiana, wife of Wm. de Fortibus, Earl 



of Albemarle, died s. p. 



H. S. G. 



Mestling (3 rd S. i. 34.)— Most of the old dic- 
tionaries describe this as bolymong^ or bolmong^ 
i. e., mixed corn of wheat and rye sown together, 
from which an inferior bread was made. The 
word is often found in monastic records, and it is 
said such grain was sown to feed the vassals of 
the monastery. The mestling*pot mentioned was, 
probably, that in which the grain was boiled to 
make that favourite food of our ancestors, fur- 
mety. A. A. 

Poets' Corner. 

Epitaph on Durandus (3 rd S. i. 380, &c.)— It 
never was supposed that this was a genuine epi- 
taph ; it is traditionally cited as a satire on him 
after his death by a controversial opponent. " The 




most resolute Doctor,'* as he was styled, was a 
keen champion in the scholastic disputes of the 
times, and dealt heavy blows to his adversaries. 
Can any readers of " N. & Q." inform us who this 
opponent was, who seems not to have been able 
to forgive even when the grave had parted them ? 

A. A. 

Poets* Corner. 

Churches dedicated to the Holy Ghost 
(3 rd S. ii. 45.) — .The sacristy, or chapel, between 
the south-transept tower and the chapter-house 
of Exeter Cathedral, is dedicated to the Holy 
Ghost, 

Mackenzie E. C. Walcott, M.A., F.S.A. 
41 My Book " (3 rd S. ii. 46.) — In answer to 





Zeta, asking u Who was the author of My Book, 
Liverpool, 1821 ?" I beg leave to state he is John 
Hamilton Parr, a gentleman resident in Liver- 
pool, and highly esteemed there, and wherever 
known, for high character and genial disposition. 
He is author, among other things, of a well-known 
ballad, set to music, called u Diamond cut Dia- 
mond," written in the Yorkshire dialect. The 

" is an anasrram of 



signature, M Aaron Philomirth, 
his name. 



B. 







9 M 



tettUmttmi. 



i 



BOOKS AND ODD VOLUMES 



WANTED TO PURCHASE. 






Particular! of Price, &c. , of the following Books to be tent direct to 
the gentleman by whom they are required, and whose name and addrcs* 
is given for that purpose: — 

This Lira of Sir Thomas Smith, Kt.» Principal Secretary of Statr 
to Kino Edward VI. and Uuiin Elisabeth Small 8vo. London. 
1698. 

Dk Bunco (Thomas), Hibbrnia Dominicana. 4to. Colon. Agripp. 
(Kilkenny), 1762—72. The Supplement, viz. pp. 793—950. 

Irish Parliamentary Register. 8vo. Vol. XVI., &c. 

Miller's (.Gsoroe, D.D.), Examination of the Charters and Sta- 
tutes of Trinity Colleoe, Dublin. With the Postscript, fcvo. 
Dublin, 1804. 

O'Phelan's (John) Epitaphs on tbe Tombs in thb Cathedral 
Chorch op St. Canicb. Kilkenny. Folio. Dublin, 1913. 

Malcolm's (Dr. A. O.) History of thb General Hospital, Belfast, 
&c. it a. Belfast, 1851. 

Wanted by Rev. B. H. Blacker, Rokeby, Biackrock, Dublin. 






fiatitti ta Havrtiparititnti. 






Lord Lyttelton's interesting communication respecting the death of 
Thomas Lord Lyttclton is unavoidably postponed until next week. 

We are also obliged to postpone Notes on Lowndes, No. 9 i Mr. Peter 
Cunn i ngham's Accession oflieury VI.; Dr. Johnson at Oxford; Statis- 
tics of Premature Interments; Kecord Commission Publications, <frc, atul 
our usual Notes on Books. 



Dr. Johnson on Punning. 

close. 



We must bring thi* discussion to a 



Burns, as a Poet and a Man, by H. Tyler. It was published by Wiley of 
New York in 1849. 

Rey. 8. F. Crbswell will be glad of any references to the custom of 
females in country places carrying their books to church in a whitt 
napkin. The wage has been incidentally alluded to somewhere m 
M N. & Q." 

Errata. — 3rd 8. ii. p. 56, col. i. line 12 from bottom, fin* " Lee Pedi- 
gree " read'' See pedigree;" p. 75, col. i. line \ t for* 179" read *M 76 ?'* 
p. 80, col. i. line 19, for ** Bonnereau " read ** Bohereau." 

M Notes and Queries " is published at noon on Friday, and is also 
issued in Monthly Parts. The Subscription for Stamped Copies for 
Six Months forwarded direct from the Publishers (inclwling the Half- 
yearly Index) is \\s. id., which may be paid bu Post Office Order in 
favour of Messrs. Bell and Daldt, 186, Fleet Street, E.C.; to whom 
all Communications ron thb Editor should bt .addressed. 









3'<« S. II. Aug. 2, '62.] 



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Contents of No. 31. — August 2nd. 

NOTES : — Burke and Beaconsficld — Turner and Lawrence. 

Minor Notes : — Edgar of Polland — Book Inscription — 
Potatoes, Introduction of— Lists of Names Rubricated — 
Sow and Pigs of Metal. 

QUERIES: — The "Name of Jesus" — Nullification — 
A-kimbo — Anonymous — Berangcr's Views of Ruins, 
Co. Dublin —Chess Legend — Cruelty to Animals — John 
Diamond the Calculator — Disinterested Generosity and 
Moral Delinquency — Fox and Lord North — " General 
Advertiser" — The Halseys — Harrow School — James 
Stephen Lushington — Linen — Colonel Daniel O'Neill — 
Ola Painting of the Reformers — Old Pictures and Allu- 
sions — Picture at Broom Hall — Penny Hedge at Whitby 
—Resurrection Men — Royal Motto — Scandinavian Pro- 
verbs. 

Queries "with Answers: — Stcrnhold and Hopkins's 
Psalms : W. W. and N. — The Groyne — St. Patrick's Curse 
— Turner's Birth-place —Medal of Shakspearc — Lord 
Byron. 



REPLIES: - 
Devonshire 
of Scottish 
dinal's Cap 
win — The 



Pope's Epitaph on the Digbys — North 
Folk Lore — Modern Astrology — Antiquity 
Newspapers — ** Romeo and Juliet " — Car- 
- Quotations, References, &c. — William God- 
Town Library of Leicester — Bara — Form 



— Jerusalem 
Editions of 

and Buff — 
Catholics — 

lis : Samuel 



of Prayer for the Dreadful Fire of London 

Chamber — Quotation wanted — Numerous 

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Churches used by Churchmen and Roman 

Quotations — Toads in Rocks — Esther In 

Kello — John Hinchcliffe,- or Hinchliffe, D.D., Bishop of 

Peterborough — Curious Coincidence : " Scratching like a 

Hen " — Erasmus and Ulric Hiitten — Latimer = Latiner 

— Joan of Arc— Hymn at Epworth — Faber v. Smith — 

Mess — Dudley of Westmoreland, Ac. 



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The Profits will be given to the Building Fund of the West- 
minster and Pimlico Church of England Commercial 
School. 



CONTENTS : 



I. 
II. 

III. 

IV. 

V. 

VI. 

VII. 

VIII. 
IX. 

X. 



The Way to be happy. 
The Woman taken in 

Adultery. 
The Two Records of Crea- 
tion. 

The Fall and the Repent- 
once of Peter. 

The Good Deushter. 

The Convenient 8eason. 

The Death of the Martyrs. 

God is Love. 

St. Paul's Thorn in the 
Flesh. 

Evil Thoughts. 



I 



XL 

XII. 
XIII. 
XIV. 

XV. 

XVI. 

XVII. 

XVIII. 



XXI. 



Sins of the Tongue. 

Youth and Age. 

ChrM our Rest. 

The Slavery of Sin. 

The Sleep of Death. 

David's Sin our Warning. 

The Story of St. John. 

The Worship of the Sera- 
phim. 

Joseph an Example to tho 
Young. 

Home Religion. 

The Latin Service of tho 
Romish Church. 



"Mr. Secretan is a pains-taking writer of practical theology. Called 
to minister to an intelligent middle-class London congregation, he hat 
to avoid the temptation to appear abstrusely intellectual,— a irrcat error 
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strictly plain sermon required by an unlettered flock in the country. 
He has nit the mean with complete success, and produced a volume 
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family reading. Out of twenty-one discourses it is almost impossible 
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we commend them as a whole, we desire to mention with especial re- 
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" This volume bears evidence of no small ability to recommend it to 
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worthy of our commendation."— Globe. 

London: BELL & DALDY, 186, Fleet Street, E.C. 



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RHEUMATISM. A 



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101 



LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 9, 1862. 

CONTENTS.— N°. 32. 



NOTES:— Record Commission Publications, 101— Lowndes's 
Bibliographer's Manual : Notes on the New Edition, No. II. 
102 — Christmas Carol, 103. 

Minor Notes : — Gladstone, Shirley, G. Herbert— Charles- 
ton Memoranda— Table-turning Fifteen Hundred Years 

ago, 103. 

QUERIES : — Anonymous — " The Belfast Magazine " — 
Captain Calcraft— A Churchwarden's Answers — Great 
Scientific Teacher— Handasyde or Handy side — Adm. Sir 
Robert Holmes — Kingstown, Co. Dublin — Lawrence — 

Marauder — Naval Uniform — Noel, a Painter — " Poems 

by Anglo-Indian" — Quotations, References, &c. — The 

Earl of Suffolk's Fool — A Wrestler, 104. 

Queries with Answers:— Pilgrims exempted from Tolls 

— Fish Crawford — H. Scudder — Quotation Wanted — 
Bobs and Buttercups — Holman Hunt's " Light of the 
World " — Warriston MSS., 106. 

REPLIES : — A Bird the Prelude of Death, 107 -De Costa, 
the Waterloo Guide: Anecdote of Wellington, 108 — Dr. 
Johnston at Oxford, 109 — After Meat Mustard, lb. — Sta- 
tistics of Premature Interments, 110— Refugees in Hol- 
land, 111 — "The Impertinent," lb. —William Strode — 
Cruelty to Animals — Coverdale's Bible — Durnford Family 

— The Climate of England— "And your Petitioner shall 
ever pray "— Slavery — Recovery from Apparent Death — 
The Organ at Allhallows, Barking — Pegler the Artist — 
The Name of Jesus — St. Luke : Simile of a Woman to the 
Moon — Whitehead Family — Literature of Lunatics — 
Fact for Geologists — Correct Armory — Treble — Rabbit 

— Wigs — Quotation — Soul-Food — Potter and Lumley 
Families — Passage in Bacon — Sydserff — Anonymous 
Works — Beelzebub's Letter — Walkinshaw Family — 
Peerage of 1720 — Caxton, Pinson, &c. — The Finger-Burn- 
ing Chaplain of Coventry — A-Kimbo, &c, 112. 

Notes on Books, &c. 

RECORD COMMISSION PUBLICATIONS. 

I will feel greatly obliged to any reader of 
"N. & Q." who could kindly inform me what 
became of the printed copies of the following Re- 
cord Commission Publications, any of which I am 
most anxious to procure a sight of even for a few 
days. I am aware that they are not to be pro- 
cured through the ordinary channels, and having 
on more than one occasion, when placed in diffi- 
culty under similar circumstances, received valu- 
able aid through " N. & Q.," I am emboldened to 
transmit the present jotting from my notes : 

1. The Appendices which were printed for Mr. 
Charles Purton Cooper's intended Report on a new 
edition of the Foedera. These were known as 
Appendices A, B, C, D, and E. A copy of Ap- 
pendix A. and its supplement is in the library of 
the Dublin University (Gal. G. 12, 27), presented 
I believe by Mr. C. P. Cooper. The other Ap- 
pendices I have never seen. 

Appendix A. is an octavo volume of 259 pages, 
with Supplement (116 pages), and plates; and 
contains much that is most valuable from manu- 
scripts in various Continental libraries, but little 
known in this country. 

Appendix B. consists of transcripts and fac- 
similes of various Anglo-Saxon MSS. found on 
the Continent. 



Appendix C. consists of documents principally 
preserved in the Archives of Hamburgh. 

Appendix D. contains the result of researches 
made in France. 



Appendix E. contains a chronological catalogue 
of materials transcribed for a new edition of the 
Feed era. 

I have merely indicated the nature of the con- 
tents of these volumes, referring those who feel an 
interest in the subject to the sale catalogue of 
that portion of Mr. C. P. Cooper s library, which 
was sold by Messrs. Sotheby and Wilkinson in 
July, 1857, where they are noticed at some length. 

Before finally dismissing these Appendices, I 
wish to refer to two recent sale catalogues, entries 

in which apparently refer to them. In December, 
1861, the books of the late Rev. Joseph Hunter, 
F.S.A., were sold by Messrs. Sotheby and Wilkin- 
son. At p. 65 I find Lot 820 entered as 

"Rymeri Foedera. List of Transcripts from Charters, 
Early Saxon Manuscripts, &c, obtained from the Tre'sor 
de Chartes, Archives de France, &c, to enrich the New 
Edition edited by Calev, Houlbrook, and Clarke. Not 
published. 4 vols." 

Were these volumes any of the Appendices, and 
what did they sell for ? A similar Query may be 
asked respecting the following entry in the sale 
catalogue of the library of the late Sir Francis 
Palgrave (Sotheby and Wilkinson, May, 1862): 

"2024. Appendices to Mr. Cooper's Import and Chro- 
nological Catalogue of the Materials transcribed for a 
New Edition of the Foedera. 7 vols. ; fac-similes, no title- 
pages, and vol. vii. ending abruptly at p. 160." 

How far was the Commissioners* edition of Ry- 
mer's Fcedera printed ? The latest date I am 
acquainted with printed under their direction is 
the 6th of Richard II., and even this I have not 
been able to procure an examination of. 

2. The Proceedings of His Majesty's Commis- 
sioners of the Public Records of the Kingdom, 
June, 1832; August, 1833. Edited by C. P. 
Cooper. I believe no second volume appeared, 
though one printed in 1844 under the care of Mr. 
Henry Cole, may be regarded in some measure, I 
am informed, as supplementary to this volume. 
Do any of the " Agenda," " Notes of Business" of 
a later date than Aug. 1833 (and therefore not 
included in this volume), remain extant; and if 
so, to what date do they reach ? 

3. Where will I see the Report made to the 
Lords of the Treasury in March, 1831, by which 
the then printed Liber Munerum Publicorum Hi- 
bernice was condemned ? I have the Supplemen- 
tary Statement of Mr. Lascelles, drawn up under 
Permission of the Chancellor, and addressed in 
Feb. 1820 to his Excellency Lord Baron Manners, 
&c. &c, and I am curious to know where I will 
see a copy of the original statement to which this 
refers, and other papers in reference to his work 
as a Sub-Commissioner of Records. 



102 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3** S. II. Aug. 9, '62. 



I had intended making a few remarks on other 
unpublished productions of the late Record Com- 
missioners, but am unwilling to occupy more 
space. I would however suggest that some one 
who is in possession of sufficient information would 
give, throuuh the medium of "N. & Q" a com- 
plete list of the unpublished and unfinished works 
of the late Record Commissioners, and where 
practicable, give a clue as to the fate of the exist- 
ing sheets, which are probably lying stored up in 
some musty warehouse, if not already consigned 
to the waste-paper merchant, from whose custody 
I have rescued more than one such curiosity. 

It may not be thought desirable to complete 
unfinished works, yet sets of all the portions in 



print might be given to our public libraries, and so 
far as the copies in store would extend, sold at a 
moderate price to the few students who take an 
interest in their fate. Aiken Irvine. 

Fivemiletown. 



LOWNDES'S BIBLIOGRAPHER'S MANUAL. 

NOTES ON THE NEW EDITION. 

(Continued from 3 rd S. ii. p. 5.) 

No. II. 

B. A., The Fame of the Faithful, Lond. T. Marsh, 
1578. 12°. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 

B. G., A most Wicked Work of a Wretched 
Witch, wrought on Richard Burt, Lond. by 
R. B. for WrBarley, 1592. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 

B. H., Moriemini: A Sermon preached before 
Her Majesty at the Court about 13 years 
since, Lond. 1593. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 

Textes of Scripture chayning the holy 

chronycle, untyl the sunne lost lyght, and 
the Sonne brake the serpente's head ; dying, 
rising, and ascending. Lond. 1591. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy is in the Bodleian Librarv (Malone 
Coll.). 

B. J., Two Treatises on the Preservation of the 

Eyesight : the first written by Dr. Baily, the 

second collected out of those two famous 

physicians Fernelius and Riolanus. Lond. 
1626. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy is in the Bodleian. 

B. R., Greene's Funerals in xiv Sonnets. Lond. 
1604. 4°. 

Certainly not by It. Barnfield. 

Babington (Anthony), Letter to the Queene. 
(n. p. or d.) 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth* 






Bacon (F.), Historie of Henry VII. 
1622. Fol. 

There are copies on large paper. 



Lond. 



Tomus Primus Operura. Lond. 1623. Fol. 



The Museum copy is described as on large paper. 

— Certaine Psalmes. Lond. 1625. 4°. 



Pickering, 1854, 11/. 



Law Tracts. Lond. 1630. 4°. 



A copy was in the Tenison Collection. 

Operum Moralium et Civiliifra Tomus. 



Lond. 1638. Fol. 

There are copies on large paper. 

Baldwin (Wm.), Treatise of Moral Philosophie. 
Lond. 1547. 16°. 

A copy was in the Heber Collection. The same was 
afterwards in Bliss's hands. Edit. 1550 sold at Bright's 
sale in 1845, as the first, for 2/. 2s. 



Beware the Cat. Lond. 1584. 8°. 






Certainly by Baldwin, but not here enumerated among 
his works. There was an edition in 1570, quite unno- 
ticed by Lowndes and his new editor; Dr. Bliss had a 
fragment of it. 

Bales (Thos.), a Seminary priest, hanged on Ash- 
wednesday ; and Annis Baukin burned the 
same day. An account of their executions. 
Lond. By W. Wright, 1590. 8°. 

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. 

Balzac (J. L. Guez de), Letters translated by 
W. T(irwhyt), Esq. Lond. By N. Okes, 
1634. 4°. Again by J. N., 1638. 4°. 

This translation is overlooked. Both editions are now 
before me. 

Bancroft (Thos.), Heroical Lover, Lond. 1658. 

This volume is an 8°. 

Bandello (Matteo), Tragicali Historye of Romeus 
and Juliet, translated by Ar(thur) Br(ooke). 
Lond. 1562. 4°. 

Mr. Daniel of Canonbury has a copy. 

Bansley (Charles), Rhyming Satyre on the Pride 
nnd Vices of Women Now-a-Dayes. Lond. 
By Thomas Raynalde (about 1540). 12°. 

The correct title of this tract is: A Treatise shewing 

and declaring the Pride and Abuse of Women Nowa- 
Dayes. It was not printed •* about 1540/' but after 1547, 
and before July, 1553, — since mention is made in it of 
Edward VI. as the reigning prince. A copy of the book 
was formerly in Lincoln Cathedral Library; but we be- 
lieve that it was sold to Heher, and was the same which 
occurred in Part iv. of his Catalogue. 

Barbour (John), Actes and Life of Robert Bruce. 
Edin. 1620. 8°. 

A copy of the earlier edition. 1616, referred to by Pin- 
kerton, was in the llarleian Collection. 



Barclay (John), Poematura Libri Duo. 
1615. 4°. Again, Oxon. 1636. 12°. . 



Lond 



Both editions are omitted, and the book is unnoticed. 



3' d S. II. Aug. 9, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



103 



Barker (Thomas), Barker's Delight, or the Art of perfect copy, if such there be. Also, can any one 
Angiitis. Lond. 1657 or 1659. 12°. 



second edition. 



The 



Affectionate Shepheard. 



There was an edition of this book in 1651 ; and another, 
the second, in 1653. This therefore was, at least, the 
third. 

Barnfield (R.), The 
Lond. 1594. 4°. 

The testimony of Beloe was not wanted to establish 
the existence of a copy of this book in Sion College. I 
have more than once had that copy in my own hands. It 
is to be suspected that the impressions of 1595 and 1596, 
if they ever existed, are lost. 

Encomion of Lady^ Pecunia, and other 
Poems. Lond. 1598. 4°. 

There was certainly a reprint of this in 1605, with al- 
terations and omissions. 

Bas (Win.), Great Brittaine's Summer-set, be- 
wailed with a Shower of tears. Oxford, 
1613. 4°. 

" Sum mer-set" should be "sonne's-set." Eight instead of 
four leaves are known to exist, and they complete Sig. A ; 
no perfect copy has yet been found. Mr. Corser has an 
unpublished poem by Bas, entitled Polyhymnia. 

Battie (John), The Merchant's Remonstrance. 
Also, a Letter to the Two Houses of Parlia- 
ment; whereunto is annexed a Discourse on 
the Excellency of Wool. London, 1648. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy at Oxford. 

Bauthamley (Jacob), Historical Relation of the 
most material Passages and Persecutions of 
the Church of Christ, from the Death of 
Our Saviour to the time of William the 
Conqueror. London, 1676. 
Omitted. A copy was sold by auction in 1861. 

Beard (Thos.), Theater of God's Judgments. 

The second edition was, I believe, 1612, 4°. A copy 
of that date occurs in Bindley's Catalogue. 

Bel. Adam Bel, Clym of the Clough, &c. 

An edition, London, 1683, 4°, is in the Bodleian. 

Bel or Bell (Thos.), His Motives concerning 
Romish Faith and Religion. Cambridge, 
1593. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy sold at the Savile sale in 1860. , 

W. Carew Hazlitt. 



supply the tune ? 

"Over yonder's a park, which is newly begun, 
j All bells in Paradise I heard them a-ring; 

Which is silver on the outside, and gold within, 
And I love sweet Jesus above all things. 

"And in that park there stands a hall, 

All bells in Paradise I heard them a-ring; 
Which is covered all over with purple and pall, 
And I love sweet Jesus above all things. 

" And in that hall there stands a bed, 

All bells in Paradise I heard them a-ring; 
Which is hung all round with silk curtains so red, 
And I love sweet Jesus above all things. 

"And in that bed there lies a knight, 

All bells in Paradise I heard them a-ring; 
Whose wounds they do bleed by day and by night, 
And I love sweet Jesus above all things. 

"At that bed side there lies a stone, 

All bells in Paradise 1 heard them a-ring; 
Which is our blessed Virgin Mary then kneeling on,* 
And I love sweet Jesus above all things. 

"At that bed's foot there lies a hound, 

All bells in Paradise I heard them a-ring; 
Which is licking the blood as it daily runs down, 
And I love sweet Jesus above all things. 

" At that bed's head there grows a thorn, 

All bells in Paradise I heard them a-ring; 
Which was never so blossomed since Christ was born, 
And I love sweet Jesus above all things. 

I took down at the same time, from oral de- 
livery, a version of " St. George," as acted by 
the boys; "St. Mary's Joys;" the Christmas 
Carol of " The Three Ships ;" and " My Daughter 
Jane ;" but these, I apprehend, are well known. 

e. t. k. 



CHRISTMAS CAROL. 

The following Christmas Carol was sung, to a 
singular wild and beautiful tune, by a boy, 
who came to my house as one of a company of 
morris-dancers during the Christmas season some 
years ago. I took it down from the boy's dic- 
tation ; he said he had learnt it from his father, 
and had never seen it written or printed. It 
was in North Staffordshire. I should be obliged 
to any of your correspondents who will tell me 
anything respecting the ballad, and give a more 



» 



fflirwv #0tcs\ 



Gladstone, Shirley, G. Herbert. 
has lately been 
and elsewhere, 



There 
a discussion, in the newspapers 
respecting Shirley's celebrated 
Dirge on Death ; the said " dirge," at least its 
closing lines, having been erroneously ascribed 
by Mr* Gladstone to George Herbert. The fol- 
lowing version was done by the late W. M. 
Praed when he was at Eton. I once possessed 
the original MS. 

" The Glories of our Birth and State, Sfc. 

"Heu, cur tarn vano vitam miramur amore, 

Quae velut umbra venit, quae velut umbra fugit? . 
Nil contra Parcas gladius, nihil hasta valebit; 

Nil data regali celsa corona comae. 
Sceptra cadunt, diadema perit; terraque sub una 

Extremos somnos rex et arator habent. 
Sunt qui magnifiei potiantur laude triumphi, 

Sunt quorum decoret laurea vitta comas; 
Sed marcent nervi, sed marcet dextera; cunctos 

Serius aut citius tu, Libitina, domas. 
Vix emptus pallescit honor; vix nata recedit 

Gloria ; mitte nimis verba superba loqui ! 



How is this line to be amended ? 



104 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'a 8. II. Auo. 9, *6:\ 



Ponti6ce« adsunt; culter micat; araparatur; 

Sanguineam victrix victima foedat humum. 
Omne caput tumulo debetur; sola piormn 

Gloria ab accenso frondet oletque rogo." 

W.D. 

Charleston Memoranda. — Perhaps the fol- 
lowing items noted down (1851) eleven years ago 
may not be uninteresting to some of your readers 
at this time : — 

" About three miles from Charleston, on the banks of 
the Etiwan or Cooper river, is an old but now unused 
magazine. Hard by, shaded by lofty pines and other 
forest trees, lies the old cemetery; no fence or boundary 
line now marks the hallowed precincts. A few broken 
and crumbling tombstones, their inscriptions scarcely 
legible, alone point out the resting place of the departed. 
One tomb, and that the largest, contains the remains of 
some British officers. There is no inscription. The 
oldest memorial at present legible is the following: 

• Here lies the remains of Mr. Artemes Elliot, who died 
Aug. 24, 1700, at. 40 years.' (As the city was founded 
in 1672, this must have been one of the early settlers 
there.) Another of white marble has the following: — 

• To the memory of Capt. Robt. Cochrane, who departed 
this life Janry. 12, 1824. Aged 88 years. As a true 
patriot, he served his country with zeal and fidelity. 
Also of Mary, his wife, who died April 17, 1829, in the 
9l8t year of her age.' " 

About six miles from Charleston is the parish 
church of St. James the Less, one of the oldest 
churches in this part of the country. In front 
of the gallery at the west end the royal arms of 
England still remain. It is said that at the time 
of the breaking out of the war, the royalists, 
finding the royal arms in the church, refrained 
from injuring or destroying it, and that after- 
wards, when peace was restored, the inhabitants, 
in grateful remembrance of the preservation of 
their church, retained the royal arms in their 
accustomed place. It is the only church, I be- 
lieve, in any State where such a memorial of the 



colonial days now remains. 



Montague Williams. 

Westland House, 

Table Turning fifteen hundred Years 
ago. — In the curious work of De l'Ancre, Z'm- 
cridxdite et meter eance du Sortilege, (4 to, Paris, 
1622, page 236), is an account of two magicians, 
Patritius and llilarius, who lived in the reign of 
Valens. Describing their proceedings, he says : 

u They prepared an enclosure of branches of laurel, in 

the same form as was at the tripod of the oracle of 

Delphi. And, after having pronounced many charms, 

both by night and by day, they caused that a round 

table surrounded by this enclosure should turn itself and 

move (se contournoit et remiloit) according to the matter 
they might require." 

It would occupy too much space to give the 
whole of the ceremonies; the result of the incanta- 
tion, however, was, that the letters T. H. E. O. D. 
were exhibited, and said to be a portion of the 
name of Valens* enemy, and that emperor in 
consequence took care that Theodorus should be 



put to death. This was circiter a.d. 373. Is 
there any later notice of table turning till its re- 

Poets' Corner. 



vival in the present day ? 






tiluzviti. 



is requested re- 



Anontmous. — Information 
specting a book entitled : 

" Marmion Travestied; a Tale of Modern Times. "By 
Peter Pry, Esq. London: Printed bv G. Hazard, Beech 
Street, for Thomas Tegg, Cheapside, 1809." 



Who was the author of it ? 



M. A. P. 



"The Belfast Magazine." — This periodical, 
of which only one volume appeared (Belfast, 1825, 
8vo), contains a considerable amount of interest- 
ing information. By whom was it edited ? 

Abhba. 

Captain Calcraft. — I should be glad to know 
where I could find an account of a "well-known 
Greenland captain named Calcraft" living in 1737 f 
mention of whom is made (as above) in an old 
work, from which I quote. Sknex. 

A Churchwarden's Answers. — I have before 
me a paper of the early part of the reign of 
Elizabeth, which is evidently some churchwarden's 
rough draft of his answers to official questions. 
So many articles of inquiry were issued in those 
days, that I am at a loss to find those to which 
these replies belong. Three of them are quite 
unintelligible without the questions. 

The first paragraph contains an account of the 
state of the parish register. The succeeding ones 
are headed " Artycles," and numbered thus : — 

1. *' A reply to some questions as to a nun, and the 
payment of her annuity." 

2. ** As we know we had none.* 

3. " Noe." 

4. " A reply concerning a monk and his annuity." 

5. " As before." 



Will some one help me in this matter P 



Grime. 



• 



Great Scientific Teacher. — Who is the 
great scientific teacher of the present, century, 
who asserts that the heavens declare, not the glory 
of God, but only the glory of the astronomer ? 
Professor Mansel, in Aids to Faith, Essay I. p. 39, 
makes this statement. Proof by quotation is 
requested. n N 

Handastde or Handtside. — Are there any 
pedigrees extant of families of this name, and if 
so, can any informant tell me whether the name 
Priscilla is to be found in any of them, before the 
year 1706 P M. (1.) 









Adm. Sir Robfrt Holmes. — Who was the 
mother of Admiral Sir Robert Holmes, Governor 

of the Isle of Wight, 1667-69 ? She must have 






3"» S. II. Aug. 9, '62. ] 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



105 



been an heiress, since he quartered her arms, which 
are Or, three ermines (?), sable, with his own; and 
his descendants, Thomas Lord Holmes of Kilmal- 
lock, Leonard Lord Holmes, and others, bearing 
the same. Burke and other heralds give only the 
paternal arms, Barry of six or and az. on a can- 
ton gules, a lion rampant, or. Sir Robert may 
in some sort be considered an historical person- 
age, since Hume calls him " the cursed beginner 
of the two Dutch wars;" and indeed it must be 
admitted he cared more for the king — and he 
was a great favourite at court — than the com- 
mons. Charles II. was obliged to put him in the 
Tower to please the Parliament and the Dutch, 
but he very soon afterwards knighted him, and 
made him Governor and Captain of the Isle of 
Wight. 

He was the founder of the family which is now 
represented by Lord Heytesbury, who married 
the daughter of the late Sir L. W. Holmes, Bart.; 
but it is believed that some of the male line still 
exist. Sir Robert was the 3rd son of Henry 
Holmes, Esq., of Mallow in the county of Cork ; 
so in all probability his mother would be an Irish 

Some heralds call Sir Robert a baronet. 

E. M. R. A. 

Kingstown, Co. Dublin. — In Dr. Wade's 
Catalogus Systematicus Plantarum Indigenarum in 
Comitatu Dubliniensi Inventarum, p. 108 (8vo, 
Dublini, 1794), in reference to a particular plant, 
I find these words: "Inveni in uliginosis apud 
King's-town, et Clough ad radices montium Dub- 
liniensium." Can any Irish reader of "N. & Q." 
supply me with information regarding this locality, 
which I have not as yet been able to discover ? 

Kingstown, formerly Dunleary, L e. " the fort of 
Leary," is of course well known. Its present ap- 
pellation was given to it by permission of King 
George IV. on his embarkation there for England 
after his visit to Ireland, in 1821 ; in commemo- 
ration of which a handsome obelisk of granite, 
with an appropriate inscription, and surmounted 
by a crown of the same material, has been erected. 

Abhba. 



woman. 

Could he have been one ? 



Lawrence. 



Any information 



concerning 

Sampson, son of Sir John Lawrence, would much 
oblige. He was born between 1620 and 1630. 

Spal. 
Marauder. — 

"General Blenker's taste for rapine is so strong, that 
the verb * to blenker ' threatens to confer upon him as 
unenviable a notoriety as the word * marauder' has con- 
ferred on Merode."— Saturday Review, July 5, 1862. 

Is the above derivation of marauder correct ? 
And on what authority ? H. W. 

Naval Uniform. — The uniform of the Royal 
Navy (blue, turned up with white,) is said to'be 
taken from the Duke of Bedford's livery ! What 
Duke, and why? The rings on the arm, the 






epaulettes, &c, are adopted from the Spanish : 
brown is, or was, the colour of their navy. I 
believe there was no reirular uniform for the 



navy for some time after the army had been 



<riven a regular dress. 



The scarlet was given 



to the army at the Restoration (the colour of 
Charles's livery). In Queen Elizabeth's time it 
was pea-green. P. A. 



Noel, a Painter. 
bearing the signature of 
is evidentlv French. 



The painting 



I have a view of Alicante 
« Noel." 
Can any one give me any 
information respecting the artist ? The picture is 
painted on thick paper, and is about six feet by 
four in size. B. H. C. 



" Poems by Anglo-Indian." 



Who is author 



of this volume ? 
the last few years. 



No date, but published within 

Zeta. 

I have to 



Quotations, References, etc. 
thank, very heartily, F. C. H. and Eirionnacii, 
together with other private friends, for answers 
to certain of my quotation wants ; and I venture 
to ask a corner for a few more which I have been 
unable to trace. Again, " bis dat qui cito 



blood of the martyrs is the seed of the 
is the well-known saying first to be 



dat " : 

1. "The 
Church." 

Where 
found ? 

[In Tertullian, at the conclusion of his Apologeticus 
adversus Gentes. See " N. & Q.," 2* d S. vii. 136.] 

2. " A man need not to whip himself as the Scottish 
papists do (1625)." 

Why " the Scottish papists " ? 

3. "Labour for innocency; that if they will speak 
maliciously, yet they may speak falsely. Saith St. Am- 
brose, Et nobis malus" &c. 

4. " Man is changeable because he is a creature, as 
Damascene's speech is." 

5. " As Cvprian saith well, it must be consent in the 
truth." 

6. " Luther saith, ' If they [the Papists] live and die 
peremptorily in all the points preferred in the Tridentine 
Council, they cannot be saved. 



> j> 



Where does Luther sav so ? 



r. 



References Wanted. — " Smooth the wrinkled 
(or furrowed) brow of care." Whose is it? 

What king at his death "left his heart to his 
wife, as a precious diamond ? 

Who was it that, wallowing on the grass, cried 
out, Utinam hoc esset laborare ? 

Whence the saying "Ignorance is the mother 
of devotion ? " W. G. 

* 

The Earl of Suffolk's Fool. — An old 
tombstone in the churchyard of Berkeley, Glou- 
cestershire, bears the following inscription, said to 
have been written by Dean Swift : 

" Here lies the Earl of Suffolk's fool, 
Men called him Dickey Pearce ; 
His folly served to make folks laugh 
When wit and mirth were scarce. 



100 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8'<* S. II. Aug. 9, '62. 



" Poor Dick, alas ! is dead and gone, 
What signifies to cry? 
Dicky s enough are still behind 
To laugh at by and by. 

My Lord that's gone made himself much sport of him. 
Buried 1728, aged C3 years." 

What authority is there for the assertion that 
the cynical dean was the writer of these lines, and 
under what circumstances were they written ? 
Perhaps some of the readers of " N. & Q." can 
inform me. Sir Walter Scott has somewhere re- 
ferred to this epitaph.* F. G. B. 

A Wrestler. 

" There lay at ease a bulky insolent, 
Grim-looked : his eares by gauntlets scored and marred. 
His vast chest like a bell was prominent. 
His back was broad, with flesh like iron hard, 
Like anvil-wrought Colossus to regard ; 
And under either shoulder thews were seen 
On his strong arms, like round stones which are jarred 
In the quick rush of many a bound between 
A winter torrent rolls down through the vast ravine. 

" Chapman." 

From Specimens of Poetry, Lyric and Descrip- 
tive. London, 1842, pp. 164. A good class- 
book. Are the above lines by the translator of 
Homer, or some other Chapman, and of what 
poem do they form a part ? J. W. 



tflutvizt to(tl) ^ns'totrrf. 



Pilgrims 



Tolls. 



Mr. 



EXEMPTED FROM 

Thrupp, in The Anglo-Saxon Home, p. 245, tells 
us — 

" Pilgrims were exempted from paying toll on any 
roads or rivers along which they passed, and had the right 
to have their baggage carried gratuitously in merchants' 
vessels." 

Will Mr. Thrupp or any other of your readers 
please to inform me what tolls pilgrims or other 
passengers, whether on foot or on horses, or in 
waggons or other vehicles, travelling or passing on 



public highways, or rivers, were liable to pay ? 
Of tolls for travelling on the continent of Europe 
or any other foreign country I am ignorant ; but 
in England I know of none. Fra. Mewburn. 

[Rome was the favourite destination of the Anglo- 
Saxon pilgrims; who, besides encountering the ordinary 
difficulties of the journey to the shrine of St. Peter, ex- 
perienced not a few detentions, more particularly at 
bridges, for want of money to pay the numerous tolls. 
Canute, in the year 1031, on his return from a pilgrimage 
to Rome, obviated in a great measure those inconveni- 
ences by purchasing at a considerable cost a free passage 
for pilgrims in many places. (•' In redeundo versus An- 
gliain largas elemosynas dispersit ; passagium Peregrino- 
rum magno pretio multis in locis redemit; clausuras 
itinerum aperiri procuravit," &c. See XV Scriptores, 

[• This epitaph is printed in Swift's Works, by Scott, 
xv. 212. The sentence, "My Lord that's gone made 
himself much sport of him," is omitted. — Ed.] 



p. 275, fol. Oxon. 1691.) According to Bay ley {Tower of 
Lond. ii. 655), a custom of twopence was taken from 
every person going and returning by the river Thames 
on pilgrimage to the shrine of St. James at Compostella. 
From a passage in Thomson's Octllum Promontorium, 
it would appear, not only that pilgrims were generally 
exempt from all charges for the conveyance of their 
passage, but that the merchant-traders in those early 
times grossly abused the profession of Christianity : "In 
order to elude," says he, * the payment of duties abroad, 
they put on the habit of pilgrims and pretended that 
they were travelling to Rome, or some other place, for 
religious purposes. The bales, which they carried with 
them, they insisted, contained only provisions for their 
journey, and were exempt from paying any duty. But 
the collectors of customs often searched the parcels of 
those pretended pilgrims, and either seized them, or im- 
posed a heavy fine on the owners of them." — See Fos- 
broke's British Monachism, pp. 315-369, passim.'] 

Fish Crawford. — This gentleman is spoken 
of in Lord Auckland's Correspondence, vol. ii. p. 220. 
Pray who was he, and how did he acquire this 
burlesque epithet to his surname ? O. T. 

[The gentleman alluded to was Mr. Quintin Craufurd 
(sometimes spelt Crawford), born at Kilwinning, co. Ayr, 
in Scotland, on 22nd Sept 1743; but who was for a long 
time settled at Paris, where he attracted the notice of Marie 
Antoinette, and was well known for his hospitality, and 
for the elegance of his literary leisure. He was the 
intimate friend of the Count de Mercy, and furnished 
some very valuable information to the English govern- 
ment respecting the state of affairs in the Netherlands. 
Several of his letters are printed in the third volume of 
Lord Auckland's Correspondence. He died at Paris on 
the 23rd Nov. 1819. Some account of him, with a list of 
his literary productions, will be found in the Biographie 
Universelle, edit. 1852, and Nouvelle Biographic Ginerale, 
edit. 1856. He was the editor of Melanges dTHistoire et 
de Literature, Paris, 8vo, 1817, and Supplement, 1820, 
which are both curious and interesting to the lovers of 
Literary History. The familiar cognomen, Fish Craufurd, 
applied to him by Lord Sheffield, reminds us of an occur- 
rence at a public dinner at Greenwich on a certain occa- 
sion, which was more than usually well attended, in 
consequence of an expectation that Mr. Canning, who 
was to be present, would gratify the company by one of 
his splendid exhibitions of oratory. The cloth removed, 
he rose when called upon, and spoke to the following 
effect: "This, gentlemen, is a fish dinner. Fishes drink 
much, and say little. Let us be wise, and follow their 
xample." He sat down. It was all they got for their 
guinea ticket. When a man is known as one who is 
"fond of his bottle" (a character not so rare in good 
society when Lord Sheffield wrote as now), one still hears 
it occasionally said, " He is a regular fish/* or " He 
drinks like a fish." Possibly it was on some similar 
principle that his Lordship employed the expression " The 
fish Crawford." J 

H. Scudder. — I have met with a book, printed 
in 1620, entitled A Key of Heaven; the Lords 
Prayer opened, fyc. and written by " Uenrie Scud- 
der, Preacher of the ' Word." Can any of the 
readers of " N. & Q." afford any information con- 
cerning the writer ? J. A. 

[Henry Scudder, a pious Presbyterian divine, was 
educated at Christ College, Cambridge; became minister 
of Drayton in Oxfordshire, and afterwards of Colling- 
born-Dukes, Wiltshire, In 1G43, he was chosen one of 






3'* S. II. Aug. 9, '62. ] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



107 



the Assembly of Divines, and died before the Restoration. 
His best known work is The Christian's Daily Walk in 
Holy Security and Peace, 12mo, Lond. 1G52, the fifteenth 
edition of which was published in 1813. This work has been 
greatly commended by Baxter, Owen, and others. He 
also published a Fast Sermon, preached before the Parlia- 
ment, Oct. 30, 1G44. Vide Brook's Lives of the Puritans, 

ii. 504, edit. 1813, and Granger's Biog. Diet. ii. 183.] 

Quotation Wanted. — Where does the follow- 
ing occur : — 

" If in thine house thou wouldst bear firm rule,] 
And sun thee in the light of happy faces, 
Love, Hope, and Patience, these must be thy graces, 
And in thine own heart let them first keep school." 

P. II. 

[These beautiful lines are by S. T. Coleridge (Poetical 
Works, edit. 1834, vol. iii. p. 331). They are the com- 
mencement of a poem, entitled " Love, Hope, and Patience 
in Education " — 

'• O'er wayward childhood wouldst thou hold firm rule, 
And sun thee in the light of happy faces," &c] 

Bobs and Buttercups. — What does this mean? 
Of course buttercups we all know, but I think bobs 
should be blobs, the common name in some coun- 
ties of the flowers of the C alt ha palustris, or marsh 
marigold. S. Beisley. 

[" Bobs and Buttercups ! " an exclamation, or expres- 
sion of surprise, addressed to a naughty child. "Bobs" 
may be for " blobs," as our correspondent suggests; or it 
may be an abbreviated form of "ods-bobs! " united with 
** Buttercups " for the sake of the alliteration.] 

Holman Hunt's <4 Light of the World." 
Can any one of your correspondents give the ex- 
planation Mr. Buskin gave some years ago of the 



picture " The Light of the World ? M 



Inquirer. 



[Mr. Ruskin's critical notice of " one of the very noblest- 
works of sacred art ever produced in this or any other 
age," appeared in The Times of May 5, 1854, and makes 
two-thirds of a column, too long for transcription.] 

Warriston MSS. — Does there exist a collec- 
tion of MSS. connected with Archibald Johnstone, 
Lord Warriston, termed the Warriston MSS. ? 
If there is, where is it deposited ? W. G. 

[In the Library of the Faculty of Advocates, Edin- 
burgh, is a manuscript in 4to, containing some Passages 
of the Life of Sir Archibald Johnstone of Warriston.] 



IBLtpliti. 

A BIRD THE PRELUDE OF DEATH. 

(3 rd S. ii. 25.) 

There are several versions of the well known 
ghost story (so-called) connected with the death 
of Thomas Lord Lyttelton. According to some 
of them, the announcement to him of his ap- 
proaching end wa3 accompanied by the appear- 
ance of a bird. I enclose two documents upon 



the subject, which, if you think it worth while, 
you can print together with this letter. 

Hagley, Stourbridge, Lyttelton. 

July 21. 

No. I. The first MS., so obligingly forwarded by Lord 
Lyttelton, is written by Lord Westcote, and is the original. 
It is enclosed in an envelope endorsed " Remarkable Cir-« 
cumstances attending the Death of Thomas Lord Lyttelton" 

Lord Westcote, it will be remembered, was uncle of Lord 
Lyttelton. 

" Remarkable Dream of Thomas Lord 

Lyttelton. 

"On Thursday the 25th of November, 1779, 
Thomas Lord Lyttelton when he came to break- 
fast declared to Mrs. Flood, wife of Frederick 
Flood, Esq., of the Kingdom of Ireland, and to 
the three Miss Amphletts who were lodged in his 
house in Hill Street, London (where he then al 
was), that he had had an extraordinary dream 
the night before. He said he thought he was in a 
Room which a Bird flew into, which appearance 
was suddenly changed into that of a woman 
dress' d in white, who bade him prepare to Die ; to 
which he answer'd, I hope not soon — not in two 
months. She renlied. Yes. in three Days. He 



She replied, Yes, in three Days. 
said he did not much regard it, because 



he 



cou'd in some measure account for it ; for that a 
few days before he had been with Mrs. Dawson, 
when a Robin Red Breast flew into his Room. 
When he had dressed himself that day to go to 
the House of Lords *, he said he thought he did 
not look as if he was likely to Die. In the even- 
ing of the following day, being Friday, he told 
the eldest Miss Amphlett that she look'd melan- 
choly ; but, said he, You are foolish and fearfull ; 
I have lived two Days, and God willing, I will 
live out the third. On the morning of Saturday 
he told the same Ladies that he was very well, and 
believed he shoud bilk the Ghost. 

44 Some hours afterwards he went with them, Mr. 
Fortescue, and Captain Wolseley, to Pitt Place at 
Epsom, withdrew to his bed-chamber soon after 
eleven o'clock at night, talked chearfully to his 
Servant, and particularly inquired of him what 
care had been taken to provide good Roles for his 
breakfast the next morning ; step'd into Bed with 
his Waistcoat on, and as his Servant was pulling 
it off, put his hand to his side, sunk back, and 
immediately expired without a Groan. He ate 
a good dinner after his arrival at Pitt Place that 
day, took an Egg for his Supper, and did no" 
seem to be at all out of order, except that while 
he was eating his Soup at Dinner he had a rising 
in his Throat, a thing which had often happened 
to him before, and which obliged him to spit some 
of it out. His Physician, Dr. Fothergill, told 

[* Parliament was opened on that day by George III. 
in person. Lord Lyttelton's name appears in the list of 

Peers who were present. — Ed. " N. & Q."] 



108 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



L8'<* 8. IL Aua. 9, '62. 



mc Lord Lyttelton had in the Summer preceding 
a bad pain in his side; and he judg'd that some 
great Vessel in the part where he had felt the pain 
gave way, and to that he conjectured his Death 
was owing. His Declaration of his Dream, and 
his Expressions above mentioned consequential 
thereunto, were, upon a close inquiry, asserted to 
me to have been so by Mrs. Flood, the eldest Miss 
Amphlett, Captain Wolseley, and his Valet de 
Chambre, Faulkner, who dress' d him on the Thurs- 
day, and the manner of his death was related to 
me by William Stuckey in the presence of Mr. 
Fortescue and Captain Wolseley^ Stuckey being 
the Servant who attended him in his bed-chamber, 
and in whose arms he died. 



11 Westcote. 



« February the 13th." 



Walking in the 



The second document forwarded by Lord Lyttelton is 
in the handwriting of Sir Digby Neave, and is endorsed 
bv Lord Lyttelton, " Given me by Sir Digby Neave, Sept. 
1860.-L." 

"Thomas Lord Lyttelton died in 1779 at his 
own residence, Pit Place, Epsom. In 1828, Mr. 
Taylor of Worcester Park, near Ewell, who was 
then above eighty years of age, told me — then 
residing at Pit Place — that he was in the neigh- 
bourhood during the year 1779, and heard parti- 
culars of the illness and death of Lord Lyttelton 
from an Italian Painter visiting at Pit Place at 
the time of Lord Lyttelton's death. 

" Lord Lyttelton had come to Pit Place in a 
very precarious state, and was ordered not to take 
any but the gentlest exercise. 
Conservatory with Lady Affleck and two Misses 
Affleck, a robin perched on an orange-tree close 
to them. Lord L. attempted to catch it, but fail- 
ing, and being laughed at by the ladies, said he 
would catch it if it was the death of him, and suc- 
ceeded, putting himself in a great heat by the 
exertion. He gave the bird to Lady Affleck, who 
walked about with it in her hand. 

44 Lord Lyttelton became so ill and feverish that 
he went off to London for advice to a house in 
Bruton Street. In his delirium he imagined that 
a Lady with a Bird in her hand, drawing his cur- 
tain, told him he would die. Dreams being the 
Galamatia of waking thoughts, it needed no ghost 
to fix such an impression on the mind of a sick 
man ; and this may be said to clear away super- 
natural agency thus far. As to his death occur- 
ring at the moment indicated by an Apparition, and 
the putting on the clock by his friends — from 
the habits of his boon companions in the house at 
the time, and the report of the Italian Painter, 
his informant, Mr. Taylor was satisfied as to its 
being a fable invented to mystify the public, as 
the actual circumstances attending his death were 
as follows : — 

|* Being in bed opposite a chimney-piece with a 
Mirror over it. he desired his valet to crive him 






some medicine which was on the chimney-piece. 
Seeing him mixing it with a tooth-brush, Lord 
Lyttelton raised himself up and rated him, but he 
was so weak that his head sunk below the pillow 
on to his chest, and he gasped for breath. 

14 His valet, instead of relieving him, in his 
fright, left the room, and death ensued before 



assistance could be given. 



44 Digbt Neavb. 



44 Mr. Taylor of Worcester Park told me the 
names of the party in the house. I only recollect 
that Mr. Michael Angelo Taylor was one of them. 
He named that Lord L. had become possessed of 
Pit Place in payment of a debt of honor."' 



DE COSTA, THE WATERLOO GUIDE : ANECDOTE 

OF WELLINGTON. 

(3 rd S. ii. 7, 51.) 

I am glad to find my own conviction confirmed 
as to the trustworthiness of John de Costa. I 
remember that he dwelt strongly upon his un- 
willingness to attend Napoleon as a guide, and 
upon his being compelled to serve him, as men- 
tioned by Mr. Noldwritt. He also told us, 
that though in the event of Napoleon's having 
won the battle he should have received a hand- 
some reward for his services, he was only too 
glad to escape the next day with a whole skin, 
and the Shabby pay of a single napoleon which he 
received from Bertrand. 

My visit to the field of Waterloo was on the 
22nd of September, 1822. The harvest had been 
got in, and I viewed the strong stubble with 
amazement — the stalks were like goose-quills. 
Byron had seen the corn growing ; for he was 
there in the previous month of May, and testified 
his astonishment in the well-known line : — 

" How that red rain hath made the harvest grow ! " 

The earth, indeed, seemed saturated with hu- 
man blood. As the men were ploughing up the 
stubble fields, I saw the soil in many places of a 
deep purple colour, as it was turned up by the 
ploughshare ; and at every step some memorials 
of the battle were thrown out — broken swords, 
pieces of knapsacks, belts, sashes, cannon balls 
and bullets in profusion. But the narrative of 
the guide, told on the very spot, heightened of 
course exceedingly the interest of the visit to 
Waterloo. 

An anecdote of the great hero may here be ap- 
propriately appended. Lady Holland once told 
a lady, at a party where Wellington was present, 
that the reason why he would not intercede for 
Ney and save him, as he might have done, was 
because Ney had once beaten him in battle. The 
Duke overheard this ; and turning to the lady 

shortly after, said : M I wish you would ask Ladj 



3** S. IL Aug. 9, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



109 



Holland where that happened, for I do not at all 
remember the occurrence." The anecdote may 
be relied upon, for it was told to me by the lady 
to whom the Duke spoke. F. C. H. 






The late Professor Blunt, when one of the 
travelling Bachelors of the University of Cam- 
bridge, addressed to the Vice-chancellor a Latin 
letter, dated " Lutetiae cal. Maii, 1818" narrating 
anecdotes of Napoleon at the battle of Waterloo, 
which he heard from a rustic named La Costa, 
who was at the emperor's side throughout the 
day (Catalogue of MSS. in Library of University 
of Cambridge, iv. 518.) 

C. H. & Thompson Cooper. 



DR. JOHNSON AT OXFORD. 



(3 rd S. i.512.) 



Whether 



" one of the last," or 
Johnson was the last scholar, on whom corporal 
punishment was inflicted, must rest on tradition ; 
as there can be no written evidence to decide the 
question beyond, it may be, a record of Common- 
room anecdotes, or a musty letter of some old 
bursar. There is just such a tradition, that in 
the days of Busby, the Orbiliua plagosus, at West- 
minster, an "old boy," who had been brought to 
the block for stealing certain whipped syllabubs, 
said it was "hard lines" for one of his age to be 
publicly flogged ; and that, too, for mere trifles ! 
The Doctor, nevertheless, whipped him soundly, 
with this answer : — 

" Hce nugce in seria ducunt." 

The pun was worthy of the Busbeian wig, and 
affords a simpler and more conclusive argument 
for corporal punishment than we get in parlia- 
mentary debates on the subject at the present 
day. It was many years since that I picked up 
the anecdote of the buttery hatch, in a Memoir of 
Johnson's early life; wherein it stated, that at 
the time of the whipping he was only fifteen. 
And when I myself, some time after, matriculated 
at Oxford, I found that one of the lions shown to 
visitors at Pembroke was the hatch over which 
the incipient Doctor had been scourged. Pro- 
bably he was sent thus early to College for 
economy — to be "a term- trotter," i. e. to keep 
terms as he could ; and he continued his desul- 
tory residence for five or six years, and, at last, 
left without takinor a decree. After he had 



taking a degree, 
reached literary eminence, an honorarv 
A.M. was awarded to 



decree of 



him by the University of 
Oxford; and, only yesterday I read, at the In- 
corporated Law Institution, his autograph Latin 
letter (dated Feb. 24, 1755,) thanking the Vice- 
chancellor for the honour conferred upon him. 
And in the same glass case was the original copy 
of his Dictionary ; and in the title-page, " Samuel 



Johnson, LL.D." — a degree, I presume, granted 
him by the University of Cambridge. But B.A. 
(which, by the way, should be A.B. according to 
Johnson, so well versed in the A, B, C, of litera- 
ture — 'tis, however, the fashion of the day to put 
the cart before the horse, and so cabby sits 
perched in a dickey behind the vehicle, as it rolls 
through Rotten Row [rota f] to the Exhibition) 
but it seems A.B., or B.A. (whichever he may 
please to write himself), has discovered an ana- 
chronism, viz. that the public indignity of cor- 
poral correction was at the point of becoming 
extinct more than a hundred years before John- 
son was whipped. Whereas, it is beyond all dis- 
pute, that, to this very day at Eton, scholars totalis 
seventeen or eighteen, for any open violation of the 
college rules, still undergo the punishment of the 
birchen rod at the hands of the Head Master. 

Queen's Gardens. 



a 
la 



AFTER MEAT MUSTARD. 

(3 rd S. i. 428.) 

Under all its forms, the moral of the "too-late" 
proverb is sufficiently obvious ; but, in old French 
at least, Carl B.'s condiment is variously exem- 
plified. A trifler, "s'amuse a la moutarde;" a 
driveller, " bave comme un pot-a-moutarde ;" 
child despatched on a short errand, "va a 
moutarde;" a blockhead, "s'y entend comme un 
rossisnol a crier de la moutarde." Among the 
deprecations in an ancient Litany is one — " d'un 
bceuf sans moutarde" — suggestive, perhaps of 
poor Katherine's wedding-supper. And it was 
said of an angry disputant: "la moutarde lui 
monte a nez;" even as Nick Bottom observed of 
Monsieur Mustard-seed's nasi-pungent valour. 

One way or other, moutarde has taken honours 
in etymology. Its equivalent, Seneve, is readily 
traced to StVcwri; but no verbal or literal process 
has hitherto evolved moutarde (Anjjlice, mustard,) 
out of the Greek term. One story is, that in 
1388 Dijon (the Grand Moutardier of France, as 
Durham is of England), having raised a regiment 
in aid of Duke Philippe of Burgundy against the 
Flemings, was rewarded with a grant of the Ducal 
arms and device — " Moult me tarde;" as is still, 
I believe, to be seen on the portal of the Carthu- 
sian church in that city. But the sculptor so 
over-flourished its pronoun " me," that the device 
came to be read "Moult tarde;" till " ce baume 
naturel et restaurant," as Rabelais termed it, was 
brought within the proverbial " too late," — a cir- 
cumstance somewhat disparagingly noticed by 
one of their poets, Bertrand : 

" La, plus d'un portail 
S'ouvre en eventail 
Dijon, moulte me tarde; 
Et mon luth camard, 
Chante ta moutarde." 



110 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8'* S. II. At?o. 9, '62. 



A9 if the loyal Dijonnais had been dilatorily mus- 
tered. Make a note of the conceit, dear Captain 

Cuttle! 

But the compiler of Curiosites Philohgiques, 
&c, 1855, and M. de Lincy, Le Litre des Pro- 
verbex Frcmqai* % 1859, reject this paremioln^ic 
legend as " inventee au plaisir." Sundry MSS. 
and u Le Dit de TApostoile,* 1 authorities elder by 
two centuries than Duke Philippe and his device, 
mentioning, eo nomine, " la moutarde de Dijon." 

Ibi omnis effusus— knocked over by that sturdy 
critic, old Cbmnos! — and a more plausible, be- 
cause subjective, derivation propounded in its 
stead : " moult arde," multum araens : congenite 
with the natural properties of moutarde, and ac- 
cordant with the etymon of ^ivairi — aim 2>was, 
Truly, since u rabbit" is extractible from Aaowous, 
44 rough-foot," moutarde may, with a little exege- 
tical fagging, be developed in SfyaTn, w eye- smart." 

.L. L. S. 



STATISTICS OF PREMATURE INTERMENTS. 

(3 ra S. ii. 28.) 

" Death may usurp on nature many hours, 
And yet the fire of life kindle again." 

" How if when I am laid in the tomb 

I wake 

. There's a fearful point ! " 

I believe no statistics have been published 
which have direct relation to this fearful subject. 
It is much to be regretted that some competent 
person does not devote his time to the investiga- 
tion of the various accounts which we have of 
premature burial. I believe that nearly all of 
them are untrue or much exaggerated. The bare 
possibility of such a frightful end has been and 
yet is the cause of much misery. That a belief 
in the possibility of living-burial is prevalent 
among many educated persons is known to most 
of us ; it is proved by the fact that there are not 
a few cases on record of persons requiring their 
bodies to undergo mutilation, or their coffins to 
be filled with quick-lime, so as to make resuscita- 
tion impossible.* 

1 have among my notes the following references 
to books which treat on or refer to premature 
interment. Most of them have been before noticed 
in 4fc N. & Q." (2 nd S. ii. 103) in relation to this 
subject by Mr. Bates: 

44 The Uncertainty of the Signs of Death, and the 
Danger of precipitate Interments and Dissections demon- 
strated, &c." London, 12 mo, 1751. 



• Francis Douce, the antiquary, requested in his will 
that hi* head might be separated from his body; as did 
also bis old friend Mr. Kerrick. *• N. &Q" 2 nd S. ii. 
103; T. F. Dihdin's Lit Rem. vol. ii. p. 777. Ritson, 
the antiquary, wished his cofliu to be tilled with lime. 
Nicolas's Life of Ritson. 



"The Duty of the Relations of those who are in dan- 
gerous Illness, and the Hazard of hasty Interments. A 
Sermon preached in the Pre*bvterian Chapel, Lancaster, 
17 July, 1803, by Rev. S. Girle." 

44 Garmamii (L. C. F.) de Miraculis Mortuorum, lib. iii. 
quibus praemissa Dissertatio de Cadavere et Miraculis in 
Genere, Opus Physico-medicum." 4to, Dresden, 1709. 

" Observations on apparent Death from Drowning, 
Hanging, Suffocation by Noxious Vapours, Fainting Fits, 
Intoxication, Lightning, Exposure to Cold, &c. By 
James Curry, M.D." London. 8vo, 1815. 

" The Danger of Premature Interment proved from 
many remarkable Instances of Persons who have re- 
covered after being laid out for Dead. Bv Joseph Taylor." 
12mo, 1816. 

** The Tbesanrus of Horror, or the Chamel-Honse 
explored! Being an historical and philanthropical In- 
quisition made for the quondam Blood of its Inhabitants, 
by a contemplative Descent into the untimely Grave, 
showing by a Number of awful Facts that have tran- 
spired, as well as from philosophical Enquiry, the re- 
animating Power of fresh Earth in Cases of Syncope, 
and the extreme Criminality of hasty Funerals, &c. 
By John Smart." London, 8vo, 1817. 

M A Dissertation on the Disorder of Death, or that 
State of the Frame under the Signs of Death called Sus- 
pended Animation, &c. By Rev. Walter Whither, 
Rector of Hardingham, Norfolk, and late Fellow of Clare- 
Hall, Cambridge." 1819.* 

" Life of George Cbeyne, M.D." Oxford, 1846. 

" Observations on Trance, or Human Hvberuation. 

By Baird." J850.f 

" Narrative of a Journey in Rajwarra in 1835. By A. 

Boileau." 1835.f 

"The Medical Aspects of Death: and the Medical 

Aspects of the Human Mind. By James Bower Harri- 
son." London, 12mo, 1852. 

44 Traite' des Signes de la Mort, et dea Moyens de 
Prevenir les Enterrements pre'mature's. Par E. Bouchat." 
Paris: Bailliere, 1849. 

44 Missionary Travels in South Africa. By David 
Livingstone, LL.D. 1857." P. 129. 

" Raikes's Journal," vol. iii. p. 228. 

" Quarterly Review," vol. Ixxxv. p. 346. 

44 Encyclopaedia Londinensis," sub voc. Mausoleum and 
Reanimation. 

44 Diet, de Me'decine et de Chirurgie," art. Inhumations 

precipite'es. 

44 Reports of the Royal Humane Society for 1787-8-9." 
P. 77. 

44 Collet's Relics of Literature," p. 186. 

" Granger's Biog. Hist, of England," vol. i. p. 330. 

It has occurred to me that the custom so pre- 
valent in the middle ajres of bequeathing the 
heart a place of sepulture different from the 
body arose not entirely from motives of religious 
devotion or local attachment. I believe that the 
desire to prevent an awakening in the grave was 
often the cause of these singular bequests. 

Grime. 



• For an interesting notice of the author of this book 
see the Life of Ponon by John S. Watson. 

j- These works contain notices of the burial and re- 
suscitation of Indian Fakeera. See also Medical Times, 
1845, pp. 399, 439. 






3'd S. II. Aug. 9, 'G2.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Ill 



i 









REFUGEES IN HOLLAND. 

(3 rd S. i. 409, 514.) 



Since my last Note, I have made further in- 
quiry, and, by the aid of friends in London and 
at Neuwied, am now able to supply to a certain 
extent the information required by \V. W. S. 

It appears from the detailed History of the 
Countly and Princely Houses of Isenburg, Runkel, 
and Wied, by the Rev. J. St. Reck, evangelical 
preacher in Neuwied, published at Weimar, 4to, 
in 1845 (German), that Friederich, of the family 
of Runkel-Wied, reigned over the principality of 
Wied from 1634 to 1698, i. e. from the latter part 
of the " Thirty Years' War," until thirteen years 
after the revocation of the " Edict of Nantes " by 
King Louis XIV. of France. He, therefore, lived 
at a time when there was much need of protection 
for the mercilessly persecuted Protestants in 
different countries. 

Prince Friederich was eldest son, by his Coun- 
tess Juliana-Elizabetha von Solmslich, who died 
in 1649, of Hermann, the second Count of that 
name, who died in 1631. He founded the town 
of Neuwied, then called Neuen Wiedt (undoubt- 
edly the Newinweek of your querist), in 1648 ; 
which appears to have been destined, from the 
beginning, for what it has always continued to be 
until very recent times, a refuge for exiled and 
persecuted Christians of every denomination. 

The prince was evidently a very liberal-minded 



, as may be seen from the Act by which he 
granted a series of privileges to his new town on 
June 7 (O. S.), 1662; no doubt the instrument 
alluded to by W. W. S., and of whose nine sec- 
tions the following is a summary : 

" Section I. In reference to the point of religion, -which 
is the most important, We promise to those who are not 
addicted to the Reformed faith, freedom of conscience, 
and the exercise of their religion in their own houses, 
and will not allow them to be disturbed, even although 
the terms of the Peace of Westphalia should be trans- 
gressed." 

By sect. ii. he secured the inhabitants from 
compulsory feudal labour; and by sect. iii. from 
serfdom and inseparability from the soil. Under 
sect. iv. market-fairs were to be held from year 
to year. Sect. v. settled the magistracy, and that 
Non* reformed were not excluded from honour- 
able offices and magisterial employments. Sect. vi. 
settled certain excise duties. Sect. \ii. gave per- 
mission to levy municipal dues. By sect. viii. 
to every settler the site of a house was granted 
gratuitously, on condition of building upon the 
line of the street. For ten years the builder or 
purchaser of a house was to be free from imposts, 
but subsequently to pay a moderate tax. And 
sect. ix. settled some fiscal regulations. 

In the month of October of the same" year, 
this document was laid before the Imperial cham- 
ber ; and it was confirmed by an Imperial decree 






of the 4th of September, 1663; before and after 
which time settlers of every country and Chris- 
tian sect arrived from various places, and the 
new colony soon increased to a very respectable 
town. 

This noble and venerable prince departed to a 
higher life May 3, 1698, aged eighty; much re- 
gretted by his subjects, towards whom he had 
uniformly conducted himself as a father and pro- 
tector during the whole of his benignant reign. 
His mortal remains were interred on the 20th of 
June in the Reformed Church of his town ; the 
text of his funeral sermon being Psalm xvi. 6 : 
" The lines have fallen to me in pleasant places ; 
yea, I have a goodly heritage." 

Prince Friederich married: 1. Maria- Juliana, 
who died, in 1657, Countess of Leiningen ; 2. 
Philippina-Sabina von Hohenloe ; 3. Maria-Sa- 
bina von Solms ; 4. Conrad-Luise von Bentheim- 
Tecklenburg; and by them he had sixteen children, 
of which seven survived their revered parent. 

D. B. 



" THE IMPERTINENT." 

(3 rd S. ii. 45.) 

The poem, about which Mr. Harper inquires, 
has been known since the publication of Pope's 
quarto edition of his Poems, 1735, as " The Fourth 
Satire of Dr. John .Donne," and has appeared in 
every subsequent edition of Pope's Works. Hill 
was the great poet-pirate of that age; and pro- 
bably thought that The Impertinent, by Mr. 
Pope — a fact which he had learned from the 
quarto — might look like a new poem by Pope; 
and he issued this edition, not in his usual Grub 
Street ballad style, but Pope fashion, well printed, 
and in folio. 

There is no evidence, I think, that any of the 
Pope editors, except Warton, had ever seen Hie 
Impertinent ; and Warton refers to the same pira- 
tical edition as your correspondent — the Hill of 
1737. Yet the work was published four y6ars 
before, as appears from the following advertise- 
ment in The Daily Journal of Nov. 5, 1733 : 

" This day is published, The Impertinent, or a Visit to 
the Court. A. Satire. By an Eminent Hand. Printed 
by J. Wilford." 

And the work was announced as published in 
The Gentleman's Magazine for the same month. 
It will be observed, that there is no mention in 
the advertisement of either Donne or Pope. Why 
was this ? 

Pope had suffered, and was still suffering, from 
" the clamour raised" for the presumed attack on 
the Duke of Chandos, raised and circulated, as 
he believed, by Lord Hervey — he had suffered, 
as he thought, by the prejudice of the Queen, 

whose mind had been poisoned by Lord Hervey 



112 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3** S. II. Arc. 9, 'C?. 



suffered " from the noise and bustle made about 
him by court and town;" and at that painful 
moment, when he was bound over to keep silence 
by the death of his mother, Lord Hervey re- 
newed the attack in the Epistle to a Doctor of 
Divinity, from a Nobleman at Hampton Court. 
In the first impulse of indignation, Pope wrote 
his Letter to a Noble Lord, dated Nov. 1733; 
which however, on reflection, he suppressed for a 
time. But here was The Impertinent, with which 
he might smite the court, the Queen, her Cham- 
berlain, her favourite divines, and all connected 
with the court, and without appearing personally. 
The Impertinent, by his own after confession, was 
"a satire on vicious courts," just the satire he 
wanted ; and by suppressing all reference to the 
old poet, it became the satire of the hour — a visit 
to the " vicious court M of Queen Caroline. 

That it was ready for his purpose appears from 
the advertisement prefixed to the quarto : 

" The Satires of Dr. Donne I versified at the desire 
of the Earl of Oxford while he was Lord Treasurer 
[that is, in or before 1714], and of the Duke of Shrews- 
bury, who had been Secretary of State ; neither of whom 
looked upon a satire on vicious courts as any reflection on 
those the}' served in." 

As the satire had been " versified " some twenty 
vears before, it was necessary for his purpose that 
it should be new polished and new pointed ; that 
it should have the appearance of being the satire 
of the hour — an easy change to Pope. And, 
accordingly, we find mention of Onslow, M the 
perfect Speaker," not chosen Speaker till 1728 — 
of Henley, a laborious and unheard-of student at 
the University, or a drudging schoolmaster at 
Milton, when Oxford was Lord Treasurer — of 
41 exciting courtiers," an evident reference to the 
political cry of the year of publication, 1733. 

That an attack on the court was intended by. 
the hurried publication of The Impertinent became 
still more evident on its republication in 1735. 
Thus the courtier " whose tongue can compliment 
you to the devil," says in The Impertinent, which 

I take to be the version of 1714, modified 

" Spirits like you, believe me, should be seen, 
And (like Ulysses) visit Courts and Men," 

had gained a point, in 1735 : 

II Spirits like you should see and should be seen, 

The King would smile on you — at least the Queen." 

Again, the general satire of the earlier ver- 



sion 



" Not Naso's self more impudently near, 
When half his nose is in his patron's ear," 



became, in 1735 

" Not Fannius self more impudently near, 
When half his nose was in his Prince's ear." 

The reader is not likely to have forgotten 
Sporus " at the ear of Eve," or Pope's explana- 
tion of the Lord Fanny of his former satire : 



" Fanny, my Lord, is the plain English of Fan- 
nius — a real person, who was a foolish critic, and 
enemy of Horace ; perhaps a noble one." And 
Pope then says of himself, " As my satire has al- 
ways been directed against known vice, acknow- 
ledged folly, or aggressing impertinence/' I deserve 
" some countenance even from the greatest per- 
sons in the country. Your Lordship knows of 
whom I speak. Their names I shall be as sorry, 
and as much ashamed, to place near yours on such 
an occasion, as I should be to see you, my Lord, 
placed so near their persons, if you could ever 
make so ill an use of their ear as to asperse or 
misrepresent any innocent man." 

uarto; but 
my immediate purpose is only to show that Donne's 
satire had been published anonymously two years 
before the quarto ; that if it were " versified," as I 
believe, when Oxford was Lord Treasurer, it w 
so far altered in 1733, that it passed as a satire 
provoked by " the vicious court" and courtiers 
of Queen Caroline. D. 



There were other changes in the 










William Strode (3 rd S. ii. 23.) 
tion has been called to a letter 



M 



-My 
"N. 






atten- 
a letter in "im. & Q., n 
from Me. Rowland Pricb, giving a reference to 
a sermon preached on the death of the William 
Strode of the Long Parliament, which demon- 
strates his identity with the Strode of 1628-9. If 
that gentleman refers to The Critic newspaper of 
November 24, 1860, he will see that I have there 
given some lengthened extracts from this sermon 
for a similar purpose with his own. He will also 
see in that communication some additional proofs 
of the identity of the Strodes from the Journals 
of the Commons, and some particulars of the 
family of the patriot, and especially of his mother. 
The only fact I need repeat here, is, that this 
William Strode, " of Meavy-church," in Devon- 
shire, was the second son of Sir William Strode 
of Newnham Park, near Plympton, in the same 
county, a distinguished member of the Parlia- 
ments of James I. 

Besides the William Strode of u Barrington," 
near Shepton- Mallet, in Somersetshire, who sat 
for Ilchester in the latter years of the Long Par- 
liament, and who was the son of Geoffrey Strode, 
there is another Devonshire William Strode, who 
sat for Plymouth in the first and second Parlia- 
ments of Charles I. Beyond this fact, I can 
ascertain nothing respecting him ; but perhaps 
some of your readers may be able to supply a 
clue. The most likely person in the genealogical 
tree of the Strodes of Devonshire seems to me to 
be a William Strode, " of Ugborough," son of the 
Rev. Sampson Strode, rector of Dittisham. This 
William Strode was a first cousin of Sir William. 

J. Langton San ford. 

Athenaeum Club. 




3'i S. II. Aug. 9, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



113 



Cruelty to Animals (3 rd S. ii. 86.) — The 
Society issues tracts for distribution well adapted 
to the apprehension of the class of persons having 
( the care of animals, and which may be obtained 
j by a subscriber to the Society on application to 
the secretary. The Society has also granted pre- 
miums for essays advocating humanity to animals. 
See Youatfs Humanity to Brutes for example. 

Julia B. 

Lichfield. 

I cannot tell W. B. whether the Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals has published 
pamphlets to second their efforts; but if he will 
look back to the Debates he will find a speech of 
Lord Erskine in support of his Bill for Preven- 
tion of Cruelty to Animals, commonly called " The 
Humanity Bill ; " and if he should be able to 
have access to any collection of caricatures of that 
time, he will find one of Lord Erskine in a gig 
with a thin worn out horse which he is flogging, 



and underneath is written "Canvassing for the 
Humanity Bill." Sm. De. 

Coverd ale's Bible (3 rd S. i. 433 ; ii. 10, 35, 
72.) — I have compared the description Edward 
A. Dayman has given in No. 30 of " N. & Q.," 
and, as I stated in my letter which you have been 
so good as to insert in that number, * that I sup- 
posed the text of his 4to Bible is that of Cranmer, 
1550, so it proves to be, for every point he has 
given is that of the Bible by Whitchurch, 4to, 
1550, except that u Psalter" is not spelt with a 
capital on the third title-page ; this I conclude 
to be an error in quoting from the book. I say 
so much bavins: suggested that the Bible is made 



e*r> 



up of two or more editions. I can see no difficulty 
in the question when it could have been made up. 
I should say at any time since 1550. I have 
found many Bibles made up of different editions. 
Some were so mixed I have no doubt when first 
issued; many others have been so treated simply 
because the owner of the Bible wished to com- 
plete an imperfect copy, and made to appear a 
proper book with*& title, and the leaves for read- 
ing ; whilst others have been made perfect for 
sale or otherwise. I have found a large folio 
Cranmer with a title of May, 1541, and the last 
leaf the same imprint (so far correct) but the 
volume consisted of six different editions. I know 
in a public library a first Bishops' Bible, 1568, 
with a title 1611 ; and in another, a 1613 Bible, 
with leaves of 1611 bound in it. I could name 
many such Bibles, but I need not enlarge. 

Francis Fry. 

Cotham, Bristol. 

Durnford Family (3 rd S. i. 492 ; ii. 57.) 

Spal asks what connection there is between 



* In my letter, Esther should have been stated to end 
on fol. cxx., and not on xx. 



Susanna, wife of the Rev. Thomas Durnford, and 
Stillingfleet, Bishop of Worcester ? I can inform 
him. In the chancel of the church of Cranborne, 
Dorset, is a tablet with the following inscrip- 
tion : — 

" To the memory of Samuel Stillingfleet, Esq., and 
Mary Symonds, his wife. She died, July 11, 1740, set. 68 ; 
he, March 13, 1750, set. 85. He was nephew to the learn'd 
Dr. Edward Stillingfleet, Bishop of Worcester. This 
monument was erected by their eldest daughter, Susanna 
Durnford, wife to the Rev. Mr. Durnford, late Minister 
of Rockborne and Whitsbury." 

w. w. s. 

The Climate of England (3 rd S. i. 485 ; ii. 37.) 
It is a matter of curious research to trace the 
various speculations which have been indulged in 
from time to time, as to the changes of the Eng- 
lish climate. I had lately an opportunity of look- 
ing over a now. forgotten book, by a Mr. Williams, 
On the Climate of Great Britain, with remarks on 
the changes it had undergone in the preceding 
fifty years. Mr. Williams in this work states, that 
the hawthorn shrub, the crategus oxyacantha, being 
the shrub of which English fences are made, is 
highly injurious. The early protrusion of its 
vernal foliage, together with the highly manured 
pastures, tend to generate a vaporous atmosphere, 
which becomes condensed in the upper regions of 
the air, and descends again in the shape of snow, 
hail, and cold rain. He suggests that instead of 
the hawthorn, the holly, ilex aquifolium, should be 
used. He says that the holly scarcely exhales at 
all in winter, and that, in fact, the proportionate 
exhalation of the hawthorn and the holly is as 
nine to one. Mr. Williams also condemns canals, 
and he says that the increased quantity of aque- 
ous surface which had obtained for the last fifty 
or sixty years of the last century, had tended to 
increase the vapour and cloud of our unsettled 
atmosphere. The book contains very much of the 
same kind of speculation. The author seems quite 
oblivious to the fact that the work of improve- 
ment by reclaiming land from the sea by drainage 
and by cultivating districts of fen and swamp, had 
reduced the amount of aqueous surface to a much 
greater degree than the causes he names had in- 
creased it. He seems to have taken it for granted 
that our climate had become more moist, a con- 
clusion opposite to the fact. It is curious as the 
crotchet of a clever man. T. B. 

" And your Petitioner shall ever prat," 
&c. (1 st S. vii. 596.) — A correspondent shows the 
conclusion of this phrase to have been u for your 
Majesty's most prosperous reign." It has often 
been asked why this phrase should be also ap- 
pended to petitions to the House of Commons, 
though applicable enough to those addressed to a 
monarch. In the Proceedings in the County of 

Kent, published by the Camden Society, a most 



114 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'* S. II. Arc. 9, '62. 




interesting volume, containing a great many pe- 
titions to the House of Commons against the epi- 
scopal clergy (some of which are absurd enough), 
we find, in several cases, the termination is for 
" the prosperous successe of this highe and ho- 
nourable Court of Parliament. 1 * At about what 
period was this termination disused, and the ab- 
breviated form adopted, or is it still continued at 
length in the engrossed documents actually pre- 
sented to the House ? A. A. 

Poets* Corner. 

Slavery (3 rd S. i. 282.)— If we reduce the 
blending of two constructions, as Winer expresses 
it, to the ordinary grammatical form, for the pur- 
pose of interpretation, we shall have [ySfios"] era>/xc{- 
tw Ka\ tyvx&v (instead of ifox* 5 ) o.vdpvirocyy cor- 

o 7 

responding to the Philoxenian Syriac, P i v / "l 

2L30 I^jh^ meaning [cargo*] 

of living human beings^ (Rev. xviii. 13). The Greek 
writer of the Revelation thought in Hebrew, that 
is (in the New Testament sense), the dialect since 
designated West Aramaean, but closely allied to 
the Syriac. 

There is no authority for translating <ru>fia by 
slave y for Alford quotes Pollux as stating that 

(TUifxaTc airK&s ovk av efrrots, aAAa a tic para SoDAa (iii. 78); 
and Phrynichus, crdfxara iirl rccu wviccv aydpairodocv, 
olov adfiara iruXurai^ ov xp , ^ vrai ol apxouoi (p. 378). 

On the other hand, the Hebrew equivalent of tyvxh 

tPjM, means a slave, as does (j~}ti in Arabic ; so 

also in the later Greek compounds, tyvxayooyw, to 
kidnap; ypvxdpira^ a kidnapper; and xf/vx^oposy 
human traffic. 

Bengei thought the adcuara meant those slaves 
who carried their masters and their goods, whilst 
tyjxal meant those slaves who were on sale ; but 
such distinction is conjectural, like that of Rosen- 
miiller, who says the former word means slaves, 
the latter men. T. J. Buckton. 

Lichfield. 

Recovery from Apparent Death (3 rd S. ii. 
25.) — Cases of this kind are by no means rare. 
I know of two fully authenticated, which have not 
to my knowledge been publicly recorded. The 
circumstances of one, which I will name, were 
related to me about twenty years ago by a mem- 
ber of the Society of Friends in Nottingham- 
shire ; and they were well known to all his family, 
in whose presence the relation was made. It is 
illustrative of a strange fallacy in medical treat- 
ment. A young woman had an attack of virulent 
small-pox, and was treated in the method once 



* In Greek an«l Syriac the word rendered " merchan- 
dise M means weight, load, lading, freight 

f This form of expression is not found elsewhere in 
Scripture. 



There was no siirn of 



adopted by the faculty, even within the recollec- 
tion of men living. The patient was shut up 
from fresh air, for the doors and windows were 
kept closed as much as possible ; and, in addition 
to this, with the view of keeping the patient warm, 
the bed was covered by clothes and hangings. 
Under this treatment, the young woman I speak 
of to all appearance died. 

life. The attendants proceeded to prepare the 
corpse for what is commonly termed " laying out." 
As a first step, they threw open the doors and 
windows, and removed the hangings from the bed. 
They then washed the body ; and, in this process, 
were startled by the signs of returning life. In a 
short time, the supposed corpse was able to con- 
verse. The introduction of the fresh air had re- 
vived the dying functions ; and at the time the 
relation was made to me, the woman was living. 
I never saw the woman ; but my informants were 
persons of much intelligence and of strict ve- 
racity, and were well acquainted with the woman, 
both before and after her singular recovery. This 
case was well known to many persons in the 
neighbourhood. T. B. 

The Organ at Allhallows, Barring (3 rd S. 
ii. 26.) — 1 am not able to satisfy Mr. G. R. Cor- 
ner with any particulars respecting u Antony 
Duddington, the Organ Maker," nor the organ 
which he erected ; but it occurs to me that the 
following description of the present organ in All- 
hallows, Barking, may be acceptable to him and 
others of your readers. The most ancient part of 
this instrument was erected by the celebrated 
Renatus Harris, in 1675. It consisted of a great 
organ and " echo," the predecessor of the modern 
swell. In 1720, the choir organ was added to 
this instrument, &nd Harris's work repaired and 
improved at an expense of 80/., collected by volun- 
tary subscriptions ; the parishioners having been 
stimulated to undertake the work by an anony- 
mous gift of 100Z. for the choir organ. The organ 
now consists of — 

Great Orgaiiy compass GG to E, ten stops, 



viz. 






1. Open diapason; 2. Stop diapason ; 3. Princi- 
pal ; 4. Principal ; 5. Twelfth ; 6. Fifteenth ; 7. 
Cornet, not in use; 8. Sesquiaitra; 9. Mixture; 
10. Trumpet. 

Swelly the old " Echo H improved ; compass 
tenor C to E ; six stops, viz. : 

1. Open diapason ; 2. Stop diapason ; 3. Prin- 
cipal ; 4. Cornet ; 5. Trumpet ; 6. Hautboy. 

Choir Organ, compass from GG to E ; six 
stops, viz. : 

1. Stop diapason; 2. Principal; 3. Dulciana; 
4. Fifteenth ; 5. Cremona. 

Unfortunately for the modern player, there are 
no couplers nor pedal pipes ; and many of the 
stops are choked with dust, the pipes scarcely 



3"i S. II. Aug. 9, f 62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



115 



speaking their proper tones. Were the reeds 
regulated, and the diapasons augmented, this in- 
strument would be highly effective — one of the 
finest in London. At present it is in a state of 
great neglect, and requires only a musician to 
descry its sadly marred but reparable qualities. 

JUXTA TURRIM. 

Pegler the Artist (3 rd S. i. 372.) — Pegler 
was a young man who attracted considerable 
notice, when a student at the Royal Academy, by 
painting two portraits of his sisters, handsome 
girls ; shortly after which (I believe the next 
year), he died. He never was a pupil of Sir 
Thomas Lawrence. Frank Howard. 

The Name of Jesus (3 rd S. ii. 84.) — It 
, appears that this feast was appointed to be ob- 
served perpetually in the province of York by 
Archbishop Rotherham, with the assent of his 
clergy. This is mentioned in the will of that 
prelate, dated 1498, (and printed among the notes 
to Hearne's Liber Niger Scaccarii,) which begins 
with the following words : 

"In Dei nomine, Amen. Ego Thomas Rotherham, 

archiepiscopus Ebor. sanus merite, laus Deo, sexto die 

mensis Augusti in festo Translacionis Jhesu, et festo 

ejusdem Nominis, quae festa in provincia mea, ex decreto 

meo et cleri raei assensu, pro perpetuo statui celebranda," 
Ac. 

(Hearne has printed Translacionis, which is 
probably a misreading of Transfigurationis, as the 
former word could scarcely have been intention- 
ally substituted.) J. G. N. 

As authorities are at fault, we may be allowed 
to conjecture. The feast of the most holy name 
of Jesus is kept by the Romish church the second 
Sunday after Epiphany, this year January 19. 
On July 31, in that church, the Feast of St. Igna- 
tius Loyola, Confessor, is kept, the octave of 
which is on August 7, when our Feast of the 
Name of Jesus is to be kept in the Established 
Church, but no such octave is kept by the Ro- 
manists, and Loyola was not a saint when our 
Liturgy was compiled. The theoretically correct 
day woulcl be the Circumcision (Luke ii. 21). 
The English church, therefore, has retained the 
memorial in the Calendar, but has placed it in 
Trinity instead of Epiphany. T. J. Buckton. 

Lichfield. 

St. Luke : Simile of a Woman to the Moon 
(1 st S. vi. 507, 615; xii. 132, 176, 195.) — Lyne's 
verses, " In Divum Lucam Evangelistarn et Me- 
dicum," were printed, without the author's name, 
in Popham's Selecta Poemata Anglorum Latina, 
2nd edit., London, 1779, 8vo, p. 34. The varia- 
tions from Lord Braybrooke's version are, " Lu- 

* In 1855 it fell on January 14, the earliest possible 
date. 



cas, 



" cc 



valens," and " iste" for " Luca," "potens" 
and " ille." In the same volume (p. 49), also 
anonymously, are the lines on u Luna est Foemina," 
as given by D. S. in 1 st S. xii. 176. 

Joseph Rix, M.D. 

St. Neot's. 



Whitehead Family (3 rd S. ii. 68.) 



The 



Whiteheads were an old Hampshire family seated 
at Norman's Court, West Tytherley, Hants, ever 
since the time of Edw. IV. I have the following 
memorandums respecting them : 

Arms. Az. a fesse, between 3 fleurs-de-lis or. 
Crest. A wolf sejant ar. 

John Whitehead was sheriff 9 Edw. IV. 

Sir Henry Whitehead was sheriff 7 James I. 

Richard Whitehead was sheriff 11 Chas. I. 

One of the daughters of Henry Whitehead, by 
name Anne, married Sir Robt. Smyth, of Upton, 
Essex, and had issue three sons. Sir Robert was 
ALP. for Andover, 10 William III. 

The heiress of this family, being heiress also to 
the Nortons of Southwick, carried these estates 
to the Thistlethwaites of Winterslow, Wilts ; who 
was settled there about the time of Queen Eliza- 
beth, as appears by the Visitation Books of Wilts. 
One of the Thistlethwaites was M.P. for the 



county of Hants in 1789. 



Sam. Shaw. 



Andover. 



i» 



Literature of Lunatics (3 rd S. i. 451, 500; 
ii. 76.) 

" A sober and charitable Disquisition concerning the 
Importance of the Doctrine of the Trinity, particularly 
with regard to Worship and the Doctrine of Satisfaction, 
endeavouring to show that those in the different Schemes 
should bear with each other in their different Sentiments ; 
nor separate Communions, and cast one another out of 
Christian Fellowship on this Account." 

Recommended by the celebrated Job Orton. 

"'A fit Rebuke to a ludicrous Infidel ; in some Remarks 
on Mr. Woolston's 5th Discourse on the Miracles of our 
Saviour. With a Preface concerning the Prosecution of 
such Writers by the Civil Powers." 

Dr. Leland observes, that this piece u is written 

with great smartness and spirit. 

" Defence of the Religion of Nature, and the Christian 
Revelation against the defective Account of the one, and 
the Exceptions against the other, in a Book entitled 
* Christianitv as old as the Creation.' " 

Styled by Dr. Leland " a solid and excellent 
answer" to Tindal. 

These works were published by Simon Browne, 
who laboured under the singular delusion — 

" That Almighty God, by a singular instance of divine 
power had, in a gradual manner, annihilated in him 
the thinking substance and utterly divested him of con- 
sciousness: that, though he retained the human shape, 
and the faculty of speaking, in a manner that appeared 
to others rational, he had all the while no more notion 
of what he said than a parrot. And, very consistently 
with this, he looked upon himself as no longer a moral 
agent— a subject of reward or punishment." 



116 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3' d S. II. Aug. 9, V2. 



To the last piece he had prefixed a very singu- 
lar dedication to Queen Caroline. This his friends 
found means at the time to suppress ; but a copy 
of it was published in The Advertiser, No. 88. 

There is a very interesting account of this ex- 
traordinary man, full of information respecting 

bim in Biog. Brit, vol. ii. pp. 646, 647 ; and Wil- 
son, History and Antiquity of Dissenting Churches, 

vol. ii. pp. 338, 358. Sam. Shaw. 

Andover. 



Fact for Geologists (3 rJ S. ii. 65.) 



This 



piece of rock is only another instance of a large 
boulder, no doubt dropped from an iceberg and 
deposited in the bed of the then sea. Such 
boulders are known weighing 3,000 tons. Some 
very interesting information on this subject is 
contained in De la Beche's Geological Observer, 
London, Longman & Co., 1853. A. W. M. 

I should advise A. V. W. to obtain a small 
piece of the stone and get it analysed ; as, pro- 
bably, it may be a portion of a large aerolite. 

Teetane. 

Correct Armory (3 rd S. ii. 66.) — It is not 
unusual for a chief to be of metal when the field 
is also of metal, or for both chief and field to be 
of colour. The French heralds distinguish these 
chiefs as chiefs " cousu," or sewed, and thus 
blason them. For example, the family of Lesdi- 
guieres bears : " De gueules au lion d'or, au chef 
cousu d'azur charge de trois roses d'argent." 

The town of Lyons: u De gueules au lion d'argent 
au chef cousu d'azur semee de fleur-de-lys d'or." 

The same term is also applied to any other 
ordinary if placed metal on metal, or colour on 
colour: thus Stens, in Misnia, bears — " Sinople 
& deux chevrons cousus et appointes de gueules, 
k la rose d'argent brochant sur les deux pointes 
des chevrons." 

For one authority, see Nouvelle Methode rm- 
sonee du Blason, par P. Menestrier, 8vo, Lyons, 
1780. A. W. M. 

Treble (2 nd S. i. 195, &c.)— Is not this simply 
the third, or triple part, of those which form the 
chorus and accompany the bassus, or ground of 
the harmony ? The first is the tenor, to which 
the plain chant or melody was generally given ; 
the second the counter-tenor, or part supporting 
the tenor ; and the third the treble, or triple part 
of the chorus. A. A. 

9 Rabbit (3 rd S. i. 403; ii. 18, &c.) — When a 
joiner makes a sinking in a piece of wood, he 
calls it "a rabbet;" and the plane he forms it 
with, "a rabbet- plane." Some have supposed 
this word to be " rebate," not a very intelligible 
derivation. It is much more probably taken from 
the French robot, a plane. Is it possible, that 
rabbit may mean the animal which makes rabbets 



or sinkings in the earth ? In some countries 
their holes are called " rabbit stops." The rabbet- 
plane has a shifting piece of wood by its side, 
which is also called a i4 stop." A. A. 

Poets' Corner. 

Wigs (3 rd S. i. 436; ii. 17.) — In confirmation 
of the opinion, that wigs were so called because 
made with whey, i. e. wig or whig, I may mention 
that there is a very common saying in North- 
amptonshire : * 4 As sour as a wig." We always 
understood this to refer either to the whey itself, 
or to the cakes known as wigs or whigs. 

B. H. C. 

Quotation (3 rd S. i. 488.)—" See how these 
Christians love one another/ is not " the last form! 
of this phrase. Gibbon, on hearing of some theo- 
logical quarrel carried on with great bitterness, 
exclaimed : " See how these Christians love one 



another!" 






ESTE. 






Soul-Food (3 rd S. ii. 76.)— Soul or sowl, is, 
or was, used in the north of England " for any 
thing eaten with bread," which explains why it 
may sometimes mean " butter." Warner render 
the obs. words soul, soxcl, " to afford suitable sus- 
tenance;" and Webster seems to connect it with 

the Sax. sufl, sufel, broth, pottage. 

R. S. Chaenock. 

POTTEE AND LlJMLEY FAMILIES (3 rd S. ii. 67.) 

According to some, the family of Lumley, or 
Lumly, were originally from Lumellina, or Lomel- 
lina : a district in the Sardinian States, said to 
have been anciently inhabited by the Levi or 
Lebui, a people of Liguria. There is also the 
city of Lumello, vulgo Lomello, which was also 
inhabited by the same people, and mentioned by 
Tit. Livy, and Pliny; and Laumellum, or Lume- 
line, was the name of an ancient province of 
Normandy. Others say that the Lumleys were 
from Lumley Castle, on the banks of the Weare, 
in Durham. We find in records, "Radus del 
Lumhalges," u Thomas del Lumhalge ;" and I am 
inclined to think that this must be the origin of 
the name Lumley, the last syllable of which would 
seem to be from halgh, Scot, haugh, halche, " a 
low-lying flat ground on the bank of a river;" 
whilst the first syllable of the name may be that 
of a river or brook (the Lun, Lum, Leam). 

R. S. Chabnock. 

Passage in Bacon (3 rd S. ii. 65.) —The follow 
ing passage, from Mr.Thrupp's Anglo-Saxon Home 
(Longman & Co., 1862), affords such an illustra- 
tion of the practice of " removing the lot," alluded 
to in Bacon's essay Of Envy, as Me. Weight 
desires : 

" Diseases of which nothing was understood, such a 
epilepsy or insanity, were supposed to arise from the 
influence of demons, and were dealt with accordingly. 

The Angl 










3"» S. II. Aug. 9, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



117 






nations, that evil spirits could not be conjured out of one 
man unless they were conjured into another, or into 
something else. The disease was, therefore, commonly 
charmed into a stick, and the stick thrown into a high- 
way ; that it might be effectually separated from the 
sufferer. It was supposed that the disease, or evil spirit, 
would enter into the first person who picked it up." — 
P. 276. 

JVlr. Thrupp adds, in a note : 

u Tn Wales it is, or was, not long ago, common to charm 
away warts by pricking them with a thorn, and then 
throwing the thorn across a highway. It is believed 
that the warts will pass to the first person who picks up 
the thorn. Children are forbidden to touch pieces of 
paper, and other things which they find lying in the 
road, for fear that they should thereby catch some 
disease." 

J. P. 

Sydserff (3 rd S. li. 67) is a corruption of St. 
Serf, or Serffs, i. e. St. Servanus. 

11. S. Charnock. 

Anonymous Works (3 rd S. ii. 65.) — Poems, 
consisting of Tales, Fables, Epigrams, Sfc, by 
Nobody, were written by Mr. James Robinson, an 
actor connected with the theatre at York. He 
retired from the profession in 1779, after forty . 
years' service, and died at York, Aug. 18, 1795, 
aged eighty-two. Most, if not all, of the pieces 
contained in the above collection were reprinted in 
1773, with the author's name, under the title of 
Poems on Several Occasions. S. Halkett. 

Advocates' Library. 

Beelzebub's Letter (3 rd S. ii. 6.) The Letter 
from, the Prince of the Infernal Legions (not 
Regions as J. M. has it) was written by John 
Campbell, LL.D., the well known historical, bio- 
graphical, and political author. 

The Invective Epistle, to which it professes to 
be an answer, was Bishop Sherlock's Letter to the 
Clergy and People of London and Westminster, on 
occasion of the late Earthquakes, 4to. Lond. 1750. 

S. Halkett. 

Advocates' Library. 

Walkinshaw Family (2 nd S.xi. 67.) — J. B. 
desired some information as to four of the ten 
daughters of John Walkinshaw of Barrowfield, 
and (at p. 137 of the same volume) I showed that 
one of the four, Barbara, died in April, 1780. I 
have just observed in the Edinburgh Magazine 
for 1787, p. 482, a notice of the death of another, 
thus recorded, of date 27th February of that 
year : — 

"At Edinburgh, Mrs. Elizabeth Walkinshaw, daughter 
of the deceased John Walkinshaw, Esq. of Barrowfield." 

^ Two of them have still to be accounted for 
viz. Anna and Jean, one of whom, according to 
J. B., must have been a maid of honour to the 
mother of King George III. As to this I may 
notice, that Chamberlayne's State of Britain, which 
was published annually for many successive years, 
contains lists of that royal lady's household. I 



have the volumes of it for 1741 and 1755, in 
neither of which does the name of Miss Walkin- 
shaw appear ; but should J B. get access to the 
other volumes he may probably find the name, if 
his supposition is correct. G. J. 

Edinburgh. 

Peerage of 1720 (3 rd S. ii. 67.) —Perhaps the 

following Notes of all the Peerages known to me, 
as having been published between 1718 and 1720, 
may enable your correspondent to identify the 
author of the Peerage in his possession. 

1718. " The British Compendium ; or a particular Ac- 
count of all the present Nobility, both Spiritual and 
Temporal, from His Majesty to the Commoner. Also an 
Account of all the Bishopricks and Deaneries, &c. Like- 
wise the Arms and Coronets of the Peers, &c. To which 
is added an Introduction to the Ancient and most noble 
Science of Heraldry." 12mo.* 

1719. "A Second and Third Edition of the last Article, 
with large Additions and Corrections." Both 12mo. 

1720: (Scotland.) "Rudiments of Honour; or, the Se- 
cond Part of the British Compendium: wherein is con- 
tained a particular Account of the present Nobility of 
Scotland, or North Britain — viz. their Descents, Public 
Transactions, Titles, Posts, Marriages, Intermarriages, 
Seats, and Issue : with all their Coats of Arms," &c. 
12mo. 

1720. "The Theatre of British Honours; being an 
Account of the present Nobility, with what has happened 
remarkable to them or their Ancestors," &c. l2mo. 

" The last Work republished in the same year, 

with Plates of the Arms engraven ; the Frontispiece to 
the Plates containing the imprimatur of the Earl Mar- 
shall." 12mo. 

G. 

Caxton, Pinson, etc. (2 nd S. viii. 44.)— Three 
years ago I had the fortune to discover a volume 
which I took the precaution to make a note of. 
That note, printed by you, attracted attention, 
and the consequence has been the sale of the 
volume in question, which, but for "N. & Q.," 
would have remained in obscurity. The following 
extract will show the importance of the services 
which you are from time to time enabled to 
render : — 

"Unique Book printed by Caxton. — In a sale of 

choice illustrated and other books, county histories, &c, 
which during the past week passed under the hammer of 
Messrs. Puttick and Simpson, of Leicester Square, there 
occurred a volume of theological tracts, including two 
works from the presses of Caxton and Pynson, hitherto 
unknown by bibliographers. That printed by Caxton 
consisted of the office for Transfiguration Day, on ten 
leaves, and that by Pynson, the office for the succeed- 
ing day, occupying twenty-four leaves. An additional 
interest attached to this book from the circumstance of 
its being the first printed in England for the service of 
the Church. The volume was sold, after an active 



* The first edition of this work, which was subse- 
quently extended to Scotland and Ireland, and continued 
to be published at intervals for many years, under the 
editorship of Francis ^Nichols, who was employed by the 
booksellers. 




118 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'* S. II. Auo. 9, '62. 



competition, for 200/. Its destination is believed to be 
the British Museum." 

I need not add that I had no interest in the 
book referred to, beyond a purely literary one. 

B. H. C. 

The Finger-Burning Chaplain op Coventry 
(3 rd S. i. 348.) — E. N. H. alludes probably to a 
very modern phrase, which, however, belongs to 
Warwick. Some few years ago, there was great 
excitement here on account of the then chaplain 
of Warwick Gaol, or some clergyman in the 
neighbourhood, having thrust into a flame the 
finder of a woman condemned to death, in order 
to touch her hardened conscience by the physical 
pains of the world to come. I have no doubt this 
is the origin of the phrase, and will search our 
local journals for the particulars, if E. N. H. 
wishes to see them. Este. 

A-Kimbo (3 rd S. ii. 86.) — If Walter Scott had 
written correctly "with arm a-kimbo, fist clenched 
and extended," the word "arms" would be an 
error of the press. He must have heard the song 
of Mathews I., where occur the words 

" With one arm so, 
And t'other kimbo, 
Look'd very much like a tea-kettle." 

This great comedian projected his right fore- 
arm to the words " With one arm so," and then 
curved his left arm, touching his hip with his 
left hand ; the first action represented the kettle- 
spout, the second, the kettle handle. The atti- 
tude of defiance assumed by Billingsgate women, 
Irish and Scotch women, &c, is to put both hands 
to their hips and to project the elbows, that is, 
both arms a-kimbo (curvati), but the excitement 
of Walter Scott's eidolon housekeeper was so 
great as to make her clench one fist and extend 
it ready for a blow and something more than a 

scratch. T. J. Buckton. 

Lichfield. 

PHARAon's Steam Vessels (3 rd S. i. 485 ; ii. 
78.) — In answer to Sir T. E. Winnington, who 
has done me the honour of noticing my contribu- 
bution, I cannot recollect where I met with the 
statement that one of the Pharaohs of Egypt 
had steam- vessels. That I have somewhere seen 
it so stated I am quite certain. 

Owing to my careless, desultory way of reading, 
I frequently cannot refer to authorities for any 
information I may have acquired on any subject. 

W.D. 

A Strange Story (3 rd S. ii. 67.) — The story 
has recently been related in a paper on u English 
and Irish Juries" in All the Year Round, July 12, 
1862, and the presiding judge is stated to have 
been Sir James Dyce, Chief Justice of the Court 
of Common Pleas. The judge, astonished at the 
verdict of acquittal in so plain a case, sought an 



interview with the foreman, who, having pre- 
viously obtained a promise of secresy during his 
lifetime, confessed that he had killed tin- man in 
a struggle in self-defence, and said that he had 
caused himself to be placed on the jury in order 
to ensure his acquittal. E. Marshall. 

Lisle, or Insula (3 rd S. ii. 66.) — Brian de In- 
sula died without issue, and his heirs did not bear 
his name. They were Thomas Brito and Alicia his 
wife, Wm. de Glamorgan, and Ralph de Scophi 



(Excerpt, e Rot. Finium, 18 Hen. III. m. 2). The 
two latter were perhaps sons of sisters of Brian, 
and Alicia another sister, whom he may have 
married to his ward, Brito : 

" Brienus de Insula dat Regi 120 marcas et unum pale- 
fridum pro habenda custodia et maritagio puerorum 
Willi Britonis de Sidelis," &c. 

Your correspondent C. will find information 
respecting Brian de Insula and his relatives in 
Foss's Judges of England, ii. 370 ; the Monasticon, 
v. 317—319, vii. 1041; and Worsley's hie of 
Wight, Append, liv. — lix. lxiv. Mr. Foss says: 
" No record appears which intimates the lineage 
of Brian de I." He seems to have been the per- 
son mentioned in the following record, Rot. Curia 
Regis , 1 John : 

•' Sudhamton. Assisa inter Robertum de Insula tenen- 
tem et YVarinum de Aula petentem de terra de Mor- 
destan ponatur in respectum sine die, quamdiu Brianus 
filius Roberti fuerit in servicio dili Regis ultra mare per 
preceptum ipsius Regis." 

On the same ground, in 4 John, a further 
respite was ordered. The Harl. MS., S01 (f. 88), 
which gives this record, states that the name of 
Robert's father was Brian ; and adds the pedi- 
gree, as drawn from the Roll : 

" Brianus de Insula 

i 






Robertus 



i 



i 

Brianus. " 






Mordestan (Moteston, Mottiston,) is frequently 
mentioned, in Inq. P. ilf., as the property of the 

Glamorgans. « 

The arms of Brian de Lisle are said to have 
been, u Gu. a lion passant arg., crowned or," but 
no authority is given. In the Harl. Collection 
there is a charter (62, B. 33) of his widow. 
The seal has three crescents and a carton ; and 
the inscription is " Sigillum Grace de Lile." 

F. L. 
Cats and Valerian (V. officinalis) (3 rd S. i. 

426.) — It is commonly believed that cats are 
very fond of this plant, but I never saw, read, 
or heard of their rolling themselves upon it ; in 

fact, 1 do not see what pleasure they could derive 









tin s. II. Aug. 9, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



119 









from that exercise, as the scent which they are 
said to be so fond of is in the root of the plant, 
and not detected until exposed to the air. 

I have often taken the powder of valerian root 
and placed it before a cat without perceiving it 
had any attraction for that animal. With respect 
to the cat's liking the Nemophila, I much doubt. 
I have had the plant growing in my garden many 
years, but never saw a cat roll on it. Cats cer- 
tainly delight to bask in sunshine where the ground 
is dry, and may there roll over the Nemophila, or 
any other small annuals which happen to be near 
them, not because they like the one better than 
the other, but because the plants grow in dry 
places. The valerian, be it observed, grows in 
damp, shady places. 

The following is taken from Topsell's Four- 
footed Beasts, 1658, page 81 : 

" The root of the herb valerian (commonly called Phu) 9 
is very like to the eye of a cat, and wheresoever it 
groweth, if cats come thereunto they instantly dig it up 
for the love thereof, as I myself have seen in mine own 
garden, for it smelleth moreover like a cat' 9 

Your correspondent asks, How may plants be 
preserved from the depredation of cats ? 1 would 
advise him to plant some rue near to his flowers ; 
for according to Topsell they cannot abide rue, 
and he quotes Pliny, who says : 

" To keep cats from hunting hens, they used to tie a 
little wild rue under their wings; and so likewise from 
dovecotes, if thev set it in the windows, they dare not 
approach unto it." 

S. Beisly. 

Hinchliefe Family (3 rd S. ii. 46, 97.) — 
Warburton (London end Middlesex, illustrated 
ed. 1749), if correctly quoted by H. G. is, I 
think, mistaken in stating that Frances, the wife 
of Thomas Hinchliff, of London, merchant, was 
the daughter of Sir Michael Wentworth, of 
Wooley, co. York, knight. 

In Fulham churchyard there is a tombstone 
with an inscription to the memory of Thomas 
Hinchliff, which states her to have been "the 
only daughter of the Reverend Mr. Marshall 
Brydges, Chancellor of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells, and of the family of Tibberton, in the 
county of Hereford." She died May 29, 1747, 
aet. 40, and her husband on November 23, 1762, 
a?. 59. 

I shall be happy to send a copy of the in- 
scription to any one interested on the point, and 
may mention that I am now taking exact copies 
of all the inscriptions in Fulham churchyard. 

The amount of mistakes in those efiven in 



Faulkner's History of Fulham is almost in- 

Walter Rye. 



credible. 



King's Road, Chelsea, S.W. 

Drewsteignton Cromlech (3 rd S. ii. 70.) — 
The communication, as furnished by Mr. Omerod, 



Now I would suggest that a 



is so far satisfactory to all interested in these 
ancient relics, as it shows the probability of the 
immediate restoration of the cromlech ; but if 
Mr. Ormerod's account of the fall is correct, it 
is very unlikely, even if replaced, that it will 
long remain in its pristine form unless great pre- 
cautions are taken. 

railing of some kind be erected round it, so as 
to prevent any decrease of the soil by tillage 
affecting its position; and also, as it is situated 
so near the road, a small path might be railed off, 
so as to prevent visitors trampling on the corn, 
which they must now do before they can reach it ; 
and 1 do not imagine that the person who farms 
the property would suffer any loss by this course, 
as I noticed the crop was very scanty and poor 
between the hedge and cromlech. If this is the 
only perfect cromlech in Devonshire, it is an 
additional reason why the greatest care should 
be used to it3 preservation. And I am sure the 
inhabitants of that county, though not all anti- 
quaries, would ill brook the loss of such a valuable 
relic as the Drewsteignton Cromlech, whilst many 
a visitor, tracing the itaKaihv Xxvoq of Time, would 
grieve immeasurably over these fallen remains. 
I should have thought that this cromlech would 
have been proof against the fury of the winds, 
as the incumbent stone is not nearly so heavy as 
many others in Great Britain. It is greatly to be 
hoped that the attempt to replace the Spinsters' 
Rock may prove quite successful, and all praise 
will be due to Mr. Ormerod for his furthering 
this end. lam glad to hear that " the cause of 
the fall is not to be ascribed to foul play," which, 
from what I had heard in Drewsteignton and the 
neighbourhood, I had feared was the fact. 

J. Bo wen Rowlands. 

Penny Hedge at Whitby (3 rd S. ii. 88.) 

"Then Whitby's nuns exulting told, 
How to their house three Barons bold 
Must menial service do." 

Marmion, c. ii. s. 13. 

Your correspondent will find a long note rela- 
tive to this curious custom attached to the above 
lines in all the recent editions of Sir Walter 
Scott's Poems. K. F. D. E. 

Sows and Pigs of Metal (3 rd S. ii. 84.) 
The word " sow," the name given to the gutter 
into which the fused metal is run from a blast 
furnace, may probably derive thus : Sanskrit 
(root) su, sava, water ; old German, sou (Latin, 
succus), moisture ; Gael, sugh, a wave, in con- 
nection with which latter may be taken Ir. sogh, 
signifying tranquil. The rivers Sow in England 
possess this characteristic ; as also the Suck, a 
tributary of the Shannon, and the Suire, in Ire- 
land. The word, as a probable etymon, and its 
apparent meaning of " still river," may be traced 
in the river names of various countries in Europe. 



120 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3* S. II. Aug. 9, »62. 



Allowing for differences in language, it may, in 
Germany, be detected in the Save or Sau, and in 
the Sove which empties itself into the Elbe ; the 
Save, which enters the Garonne, and the Sevre, 
in F 



the Savio, the Sieve, and the Saona, 
in Italy; the Seva in Russia; and in cognate 
names of rivers in other countries. This conjec- 
tural derivation, being supported by the fact that 
14 Sough" is still in use in England to designate 
sluggish water, may possibly aid C. T. in the elu- 
cidation of the word " Sow " as a river name. 

J, Hogge Duffy. 






IfccrllaurouS. 



Reprints, 
cost price 
sometime 



NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC. 

We have this week to note the appearance of several 
volumes of literary interest, but which, from the fact 
of their being privately printed, are not properly amen- 
able to critical comment. Not that they need fear 
criticism ; but, as the manner in which they are given to 
the world does not invite it, we shall confine ourselves 
to noticing their objects and contents. The tirst to which 
we have to call attention have been edited by Mr. J. P. 
Collier, and are the first three of the series of 
limited to fifty copies, which he has issued at 
to subscribers, on the plan proposed by him 
since in The Athenaum. They are — 

I. A Piththy Note to Papists All and Some That joy in 

FeltorCs Martirdome, Sec. 1570. 

Knell, the contemporary of Tarlton, witnessed the exe- 
cution of Felton, who was hanged and quartered in -St. 
Paul's Churchyard, on 8th Aug. 1570, for placing the 
Pope's Bull upon the palace of the Bishop of London. 
The poem which he wrote on the occasion was printed by 
John Allde, father of the better known Edward Allde; 
and the copy from which this reprint has been made is 
the only one known. 

II. The Trueth of the most wicked and secret ^furthering 
of John Brewen, Goldsmith of London* Committed by his 
own wife through the provocation of one John Parker, whom 
she loved, fyc. 1592. 

The original of this, which was from the pen of Thomas 
Kydd, is also unique, and is interesting as the production 
of one of Shakspeare's great contemporaries. 

III. The H Utory of Jacob and his Twelve Sonnes. Im- 
printed at London by John Allde for John Harrison* 

The original of this reprint is equally rare; and al- 
though the edition used by Mr. Collier was published 
near the middle of the reign of Elizabeth, the poetry, or 
rather versification, is obviously of the time of Henry 
VII., or, at latest, of Henry VIII. 

The Sonnets of William Shakspere : A Critical Disqui- 
sition suggested by a recent Discovery. By Bolton Corney, 
M.R.S.L. This is a reprint of the two valuable papers 
contributed by Mr. Bolton Corney to "N. & Q." on the 
subject of M. Philarete Chasles' interpretation of the 
mysterious Dedication of Shakspeare'a Sonnets. The 
first is reprinted verbatim, but Mr. Corney has repro- 
duced the second in a more extended form in justice to 

the argument. 

The History of Vie " Thorn Tree and Bush " from the 
Earliest to the present Time; in which is clearly and 
plainly shown the Descent of Her Most Gracious Majesty 
and lur Anglo-Saxon People from the Half-tribe of 



Ephraim, and possibly from the Half' Tribe of Manasseh, 
and consequently her Right and Title to possess, at the proper 
moment, for Herself and for them, a Share or Shares oj 
the- Desolate Cities and Places in the Land of their Fore- 
fathers. By Theta, M.D., a Lineal Descendant of the 
Hereditary Standard -bearers of Normandy and England, 
frc. 

This elaborate title-page fully describes the object of 
this Essay ; and the readers of " N. & Q.," to whom 
Theta must be well known for the learning and in- 
genuity of the papers which he has contributed to this 
Journal, will readily anticipate how much of both these 
qualities he has contrived to introduce into the present 
curious little volume. 

Leeds, our Grandfather s native Village, with divers 
Remains gather til in Memory of Robert Cabbell Roffc, 

Engraver. By Alfred, Felix, and Edwin Roffe. 

In these hard matter-of-fact times, such a volume as 
the present, which will, in days to come, be highly 
prized by Kentish Antiquaries, is a pleasant proof that 
loving hearts still linger among us. 

Did James the First of England die from the Effects of 
Poison, or from Natural Causes? By Norman Ohevers, 
M.D. 

An Enquiry into the Circumstances of the Death of 
King Charles the Second of England. By Normau 
Che vers, M.D. 

These are probably not, strictly speaking, privately 
printed Tracts, but inasmuch as, if published, they are 
published in Calcutta, they will, we fear, be as hard to 
be procured by English readers as if printed only for pri- 
vate circulation. Dr. Chevers, who is Principal of the 
Calcutta Medical College, after thoroughly investigatin 
the circumstances connected with the deaths of James 
and Charles II., comes to a decided conclusion that such 
deaths were not the result of poison, but of natural causes. 

Mr. Walter Nelson.— The death of this much re- 
spected gentleman, at the early age of forty- four, which 
took place on Friday evening, August 1st, will be deeply 
regreited by all engaged in literary researches at the Public 
Record Office, Rolls Buildings. Having been officially 
connected with this and the kindred establishment at 
Carlton Ride for nearly thirty years, he was well ac- 
quainted with the contents of the multitudinous papers 
and records committed to his custody. Extremely courte- 
ous in his manners, he always felt a pleasure in assisting 
the researches of the literary student, and so won for 
himself the regard of all who enjoyed his acquaintance. 




BOOKS AND ODD VOLUMES 

WANTED TO PURCHASE. 

Particulars of Price, %c, of the following Book to be tent direct to 
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Wanted by Mr. William Pinkerton, Hounslow. 



fiatitt* ta C0rrrip0nttrn« 












News of Napoleon *s Escape from 

us subject in our next. 



very interesting Paper 



We are also compelled to postpone until next week Mr. Crotsley s Paper 
on Dean Swift and Dr. Wajratutfe, the Rev. Mr Ly*<>n*' Paper on Whit- 
tington and his Cat, and many other articles of considerable interest. 

••Notes and Qubrib*" •* publi*he-l at won on Friday, an-/ u also 
issued in Monthly Parts. The Subscription firr Stamped Copies for 
Six Months forxoartled direct from the Publishers (Inclwiiny theltalf* 
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favour c'/Mbmra. Bell and Daldt, 186, Flekt Strbet, E.C.i to whom 
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3' d S. II- Aug. 9, '62.] 



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[3'<* S. IL Aug. 9, 'G2. 



ARNOLD'S HIGHER COURSE OF LATIN. 

A PRACTICAL INTRODUCTION to LATIN 
PROS! COMPOSITION. Part I. Twelfth Edition, svo. 

6*. firf. 
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repetition. It if at once a Syntax, a Vocabulary, and an Exercise - 

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A PRACTICAL INTRODUCTION to LATIN 

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. #*T b 



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LONGER LATIN EXERCISES. Part II. 

Containing a Selection of Passages of greater length, in genuine idio- 
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MATERIALS FOR TRANSLATION INTO 

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Containing:, la addition to a great variety of brief Note*, Queries, and 
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"Remember" of Charles I.— Landing of Prince of Orange-Gun- 
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Writings on Astronomy— Caricatures and Satirical Prints — Shelley's 
"Laon and Cythna " — Mathematical Bibliography — Army and 
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—George Harding— London Libraries— Music Etonenses. 

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Blue and Buff— Green Sleeves — Brown Study — God's Providence 
Cutting off with a Shilling— A Brace of Shakes— How many Beans 
make Five. 

Philology. 

Getlin — Isabella and Elizabeth — Derivation of Club— Congers and 
Mackerel — Oriental Words in England — Names of Plants, 

Genealogy and Heraldry. 

, The House of Fala Hall — Cotg reave Forgeries — Prince Albert and 
an Order of Merit — Somersetshire Wills— The Caryl Is of Harting — 
Dacre of the North — Parravicini Family — Salstontall Family — 
Bend Sinister. 






Tine Arts. • 

Portraits of Archbishop Crsnmer-Fliccius— Portraits of Old Countess 
of Desmond— Turner's Early Days. 

eclesiastical History. 

Early Editions of Jeremy Taylor's Great Exemplar— Prophecies of 
St. Malachi — Nonjuring Consecrations and Ordinations — Fridays, 
Saints' Days, and Fasting Days— Lambeth Degrees. 

Topography. 

Standgate Hole— Newton's House in 1727— Knaves' Acre— Wells City 
Seals, &c Statue of George L in Leicester Square— Tabard Inn. 

Miscellaneous Notes, Queries, and Replies. 

Judges who have been Highwaymen — American Standard and New 
En-land Flae — Dutch Paper Trade — Lambeth Degrees - Centeni 
nans — Old Witticisms reproduced— Modern Astrology — Coster Fei 
tival at Harlem— Mutilation of Sepulchral Monuments. 





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THE 

* 

MODEL MERCHANT OF THE MIDDLE 

AGES, 

AS EXEMPLIFIED IN THE HISTORY OF 

"WHITTINGTON AND HIS CAT 

Being an attempt to rescue that interesting story from the region of 
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history of this country. 

By the REV. SAMUEL LYSONS, M.A., F.S.A., &c. &c. 

Rector of Rodmaston, Gloucestershire, 

Author of " The Romans in Gloucestershire," 

" Claudia and Pudens," a Tale of the First Century, &c. &c. 

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44 At a time when historic doubts are fashionable, and almost all 
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•'.Who does not know the story of Whittington and his Cat ? and 
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ceeded in establishing the main facts of Whittington's life beyond all 
cavil from authentic documents ; at the same time he has placed the 
episode of the cat in a light to satisfy favourable critics."— Gentleman s 
Magazine, J an. 1861. 

44 We feared that all the recollections connected with the pleasant 
reading of our childhood were about to be destroyed, and all our trea- 
sured memories to be sacrificed to some new form of the withering in- 
fluence of modern historical scepticism. The Cat, we supposed, would 
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Cat is made so probable by Mr Lysons's investigations, that it can no 
longer be reasonably doubted."— Colburn's New Monthly Magazine. 

London; HAMILTON, ADAMS, & CO., 33, Paternoster Row, 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8"» S. IL Aug. 16, '62. 






ARNOLD'S PRACTICAL INTRODUCTIONS 

TO THE GREEK LANGUAGE. 



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NOTES:— Record Commission Publications — Low ndes's 
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Minor Notes : — Gladstone, Shirley, G. Herl>ert — Charles- 
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of Death — De Costa 
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W&z ^ugtn JWemortal 

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TWICKENHAM HOUSE. — DR. DIAMOND 
(for nine years Superintendent to the Female Department of the 
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ham House, S.W. 

»* a Trains const an tl y pass to and from London, the residence being 
about five minutes' walk from the Station. 






3' d S. II. Aug. 16, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



121 



LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 16, 1862. 



CONTENTS. — No. 33. 



NOTES: —Whittington and his Cat, 121 — Accession of 
Henry VI., 122 — William, Viscount Fitzwilliain of Merrion, 
123 — Anatolian Folk Lore, lb. 



-The 
Post- 



Minor Notes: — Francis Bacon, Baron Verulam 
Bonaparte Family Register — A Book Inscription - 
age Stamps, 125. 

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" Louthiana," 125. 

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Alan de Galloway — The " Name of Jesus " — " Ignorance 
is the Mother of Devotion " — Soul-food : Pot-baws — Ma- 
rauder — Catamaran — Literature of Lunatics, &c, 135. 



WHITTINGTON AND HIS CAT. 

Although we might have supposed that this sub- 
ject had been already exhausted in your pages, 
nevertheless the spade and the pickaxe are doing 
no less for us in the way of the confirmation of 
history and tradition, than they are at Nineveh, 
Uriconium, Carthage, and elsewhere. A sculp- 
tured stone in basso-relievo has been recently 
discovered in the Westgate Street, Gloucester, 
representing young Whittington with his cat in 
his arms. The stone was dug up in the founda- 
tion of the house of the late Mr. Bonner. Upon 
this very spot, we find from an ancient rent-roll 
in possession of the corporation of Gloucester, 
38 Hen. VI. 1460, Richard Whittington possessed 
his family mansion, as follows : — 

" The Prior of Lanthony holds all those houses and 
buildings with their appurtenances in the aforenamed 
lane, called Abbey Lane, up to the common highway 
adjoining the chancel of the church of St. Nicholas, and 
also the tenements of Richard Whitynton, Lord of Staun- 
ton, which are called Rotten Row and Ashwell's Place." 

The latter mansion, previous to its coming to 
the Whittingtons, had been the property of 
Richard Ashwell, representative of the city of 
Gloucester, and bailiff of the same, temp. Rich. 
II.; and its locality is pointed out in the fol- 



lowing lease, still I believe in the possession of 
the corporation of Gloucester, and recited in 
Archdeacon's Furney's MSS. : — 

"Lease for 70 years from Walter Gybbes, the Prior 
and the Brethren of St. Bartholomew, to Robert Boyfield 
and Joan his wife of a void piece of ground, which the 
Prior and Brethren obtained of the Proctors and 
Parishioners of Trinity in Ebrugge Street (now Westgate 
Street), lying in breadth between the tenement of the 
said Boyfield in the occupation of Robert le Mason on the 
east, and of John Pope, junior, on the west, and extend- 
ing in length on the north from the lane under the 
Abbey wall to another void piece of ground belonging to 
the said Prior and Brethren on the south, containing in 
length eleven ells, with inches between just wanting 
half a quarter of a yard. In breadth in the front six 
ells, with inches between just one inch and a half, and on 
the back part in breadth five ells and a half, with inches 
between just a quarter of a yard and one inch. Also of 
another void piece of ground on the south side of the 
foresaid ground, between the tenement of the said Boy- 
field on the west and of John Pope, junior, on the east, 
and extending in length from the said ground on the 
north to the tenement of Richard Ashewell on the south, 
containing in length, &c., &c, at the yearly rent of two 
shillings, payable half yearly to the Prior and Brethren. 

" Witnesses — Roger Recevour and Richard Asshewell 
(Ashwell), Bailiffs of Gloucester." — Candlemas, 4 Rich. II. 

We have therefore the locality of the Whitting- 
ton mansion pointed out almost to an inch. More 
especially as there were only four houses in the 
parish of Trinity which had their frontage to the 
Ebruge (Westgate) Street. 

This stone (now my property) was exhibited 
last week at Worcester in the fmuseum of the 
Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ire- 
land, and has been subjected to the scrutiny of 
the most eminent antiquaries there assembled. It 
has been pronounced by Mr. Franks, Dir. Soc. Ant., 
and Assistant Keeper of the British Museum, as 
well as by Mr. Way, to be sculpture of the fifteenth 
century; the former of these gentlemen express- 
ing his opinion that it was the work of an Italian 
artist. If so, it might singularly account for the 
origin of the Italian version of the Whittington 
tale, which, however, might also be accounted 
for by the fact that both Genoese and Venetian 
captains and vessels were frequently employed by 
our mediaeval merchants, and that it might not 
be improbable that a captain of that nation was 
employed by Hugh Fitzvvarren on the occasion 
alluded to in the tale. This sculpture, forming 
now the fifth instance of a representation of Whit- 
tington with a cat, brings the tale up to the times 
of Richard Whittington himself; his great-nephew 
Richard, to whom this house belonged, having 
been contemporaneous with his renowned great- 
uncle, and the rent-roll alluded to having been 
compiled within thirty-seven years after his death. 
The property indeed may have been in the family 
even some years previously. We have then these 
singular circumstances : — 

1. The discovery of a sculptured stone repre- 



122 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3'<* S. IL Aug. 1G, '62. 



senting a youth with a cat (an unmistakeable 
cat) in his arms. 

2. The fact (vouched for by the man who dis- 
covered it) that it was dug up in the foundation 
of the house of the late Mr. Bonner, now occupied 
by Mr. Compton, upholsterer in the Westgate 
Street. 

3. The fact corroborated by the rent-roll in 
the corporation archives of Gloucester, that this 
was the site of the house, Ashwell's Place, for- 
merly the property of Richard Whittington, 
great-nephew of the renowned Lord Mayor. Its 
locality, as Ashwell's Place being more clearly 
identified as the most northern of the only four 
houses in Trinity parish which face Ebruge (West- 
gate) Street, occupied temp. Rich. II. by Richard 
Ashwell. 

4. The identification of this sculpture by dis- 
tinguished antiquaries as work of the fifteenth 
century. 

So that if it does not represent Whittington 
and his cat what else can it represent discovered 
in such a locality ? The stone has evidently 
formed a portion of a larger work — either a 
tablet over the door, or a chimney-piece. 

This discovery must, I think, set at rest for 
ever all question on the subject of the cat ; but, 
if sceptics will still contend that " there was no 
part of the known world to which a cat could be 
sent to realise a sum sufficient to lay the founda- 
tion of any person's fortune," let me refer them to 
the state of things in Morocco even down to 1780, 
as described in Lempriere's " Tour to Morocco n 
in Pinkerton's Voyages, vol. xv. p. 736, where it is 
related as a "singular circumstance that in the 
immediate vicinity of Morocco, for some distance 
round the city, the ground is totally occupied by 
a great number of rats of a larger species than 
any I had before seen, which burrow underground 
like rabbits, and allow strangers to approach very 
near before they retire to their holes." 

The whole of the African coast and the ad- 
jacent islands are described by early and later 
travellers as abounding in rats to the present day. 
As it is quite evident that Dick Whittington's 
little cat, without a companion, could not have 
left any progeny, it is therefore also probable 
that the first cats exported to those parts would 
realise considerable sums; and if large fortunes 
in ivory, gold dust, and palm oil have been realised 
in olden times at the cost of a few beads or brass 
buttons, why should not as useful an animal as a 
cat have produced so large a return ? 

Samuel Lysons. 



ACCESSION OF HENRY VI. 

The following valuable letter was first pub- 
lished in The Literary Gazette of, I think, 1838 or 
thereabouts : 



u INTERESTIKO HISTORICAL DOCUMENT. 

" The following curious unpublished letter from the 
Duke of Bedford to the Citizens of London, temp. Henry 
VI., having fallen under our observation, we have much 

pleasure in making it public, together with some his- 
torical remarks. 



u « By the Due of Bedford. 






" * Right trusty and welbeloued, we grete you wcl 
with al oure herte, And for as muche as hit liked our 
lord bat [but] late a goo to calle the King oure souuerain 
lord, that was from this present world un to his par* 
durable blisse, as we truste fermely, by whos deces, 
during the tendre age of the King oure souuerain lord, 
that is nowe the gouuernance of the Reaume of England, 
after the lawes and ancien usage and custume of the same 
Reaume, as we be enfourmed belongeth un to us as to the 
elder brother of our saide souuerain lord that was, And 
as next unto the coroune of England, and hauyng chief 
interesse after the King, that is oure souuerain lord, Whom 
God for his mercy preserue and kepe, We praye you as 
hertely and entierly as we can and may, And also requere 
you, by the faithe and ligeance that ye owe to God and 
to the saide coroune, that ye ne yeue in noo wyse assent, 
conseil, ne confort, to any thing that myght be ordenned, 
pourposed, or aduised, in derogacion of the saide lawes, 
usage, and custume, yif any suche be, or in prejudice of 
us. Lattyng yow faithfully wite that our saide prayer 
and requeste procedethe not of ambicion, ner of desir 
that we myghte haue of worldly worshipe, or other of any 
singuler com modi te or prouffit that we myght resceyue 
thereby, but of en tier desir and entente that we haue, 
that the forsaide lawes, usage, and custume, ne shulde be 
blemysshed or hurt by oure lachesse, negligence, or de« 
ifaulte, ner any prejudice be engendred to any person ne 
souffisant and able to the whiche the saide gouuernance 
myght in cas semblable be longyng in tyme commyng, 
Making pleine protestacion, that it is in no wise oure 
entente any thing to desire that were ayenst the lawes 
and custumes of the saide lande, ner also ayenst the or- 
donnance or wil of oure saide souuerain lorde that was 
sauyng our righte, to the whiche as we trowe and truste 
fully, that hit was not oure saide souuerain lordes entente 
to deroge or doo prejudice. And God have yow in his 
keping. Writen under oure signet, at Rouen, the xxvj. 
day of Octobre. 

4 To oure right trusty and withe al oure hert wel- 
beloued the Maire, Sheriffs, Aldermen, bourgoys, 
and Comunes of the Cite of London.' " 

The readers of " N. & Q." will observe that the 
editor does not inform his readers where the 

is, or from whom he received the copy, 
and to whom he was indebted for the " Historical 
Remarks." The remarks are these : 

" This letter was written in the month of October, 
immediately following the death of Henry V. From the 
manner in which the Duke alludes to Henry's * Will/ 
we may infer that that document, which is yet to be dis- 
covered, did not constitute him governor and protector 
of the realm during the minority of the young king, 
as has been stated by an able writer on the subject* 
Had such been the case, he would not have grounded his 
right to the chief administration of the government upon 
the information of others, who stated it to pertain to him 
by ancient law and usage, as elder brother of the de- 
ceased monarch, when, in fact, no law or usage of the 









original 















Acts of the Privy Council, edited by Sir Harris Nico- 
las. Vol. iii. Introd., p. xii. 



3'* S. II. Atra. 16, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



123 



kind had ever existed ; * nor would there have been the 
least necessity for him to disclaim, so repeatedly, all am- 
bitious designs in requiring the citizens to acknowledge 
his authority; since, if his pretensions were recognised 
bv the Will, he could have distinctly referred to it, and 
thereby quieted all apprehension respecting his views. 
But the strongest confirmation, perhaps, of our opinion, 
is to be found in the Duke's observation, that ' he trusted 
it was not the late King's intention to prejudice his 
right,' which is almost a confession that that right was 
not alluded to nor acknowledged by the 'ordonnance, or 
Will.' On the Parliament Roll, 1 Henry VI., is an entry 
deserving of some attention, as it supports this view of 
the matter.f The Bishop of London, Chancellor of 
Henry V. for the Duchy of Normandy, shows the parlia- 
ment that, of two great seals which he had in his keep- 
ing, the one ordained for the said Duchy, and the other 
similar to the Great Seal of England, he had delivered 
the former, immediately after the King's death, to the 
Duke of Bedford at Rouen ; and this be did by the ad- 
vice of the Duke of Exeter, the Earl of March, the Earl 
of Warwick, and several other English noblemen, seeing 
that the late King, on his death-bed, had committed the 
government of the same Duchy to the said Duke for a 
certain time : but, as to the other great seal, he had de- 
livered it to the King himself. Hence it is clear, that 
if Henry's ' Will ' had given the Duke the same autho- 
rity over England, and the other dominions of the Eng- 
lish crown, as, by the King's dying injunction, he pos- 
sessed over the Duchy of Normandy, the Bishop would 
have been advised, and in duty bound, to deliver the 
other seal to him also. But no such authority being 
recognised by the lords, the seal was, as a matter of 
course, given up to the young King and his council." 

The anonymous writer of the "Remarks" was 
that thorough English historical scholar, my old 
schoolfellow and friend, the late T. Hudson Tur- 
ner. Mr. Turner found the letter, as he told 
me, in the office of the Remembrancer of the 
City of London (Mr, Tyrrell). And here may I 
ask, what has become of that rich and extensive 
store of MS. materials relating to London, &c, 
made by Mr. Hudson Turner for Mr. Tyrrell, the 
City Remembrancer ? Mr. Turner knew what 
was of importance — no one better. And what to 
transcribe, and how to annotate. 

Peter Cunningham. 



WILLIAM, VISCOUNT FITZWILLIAM OF 

MERRION. 

There was inserted in "N. & Q.," 1 st S. xi. 
462, from the pen of the late Mr. James F. Fer- 
guson, of Dublin, a very interesting "Note of 
the payments made in relation to the burial of 
Viscount Fitzwilliam [in the churchyard of Don- 
nybrook, near Dublin], in Charles II.'s time, as 
they appear upon one of the records of the Irish 
Exchequer, deposited in the Exchequer Record 
Office, Four Courts, Dublin." The heading of 
the extract, which gives some curious particulars 
of funeral expenses nearly two centuries ago, is 

* Witness the Minorities of Henry III. and Richard II. 
t Acts of the Privy Council, vol. iii. Introd., p, xii. 



in the following words 
of Thomas, Viscount 



" The Funeral Expenses 
Fitzwilliam of Merrion, 



tempore Charles II.;" but here there must be a 
mistake, the individual buried having been, not 
Thomas first Viscount (the exact date of whose 
death appears to be unknown), nor Thomas fourth 
Viscount (died February 20, 1704), but William 
third Viscount, fourth son of the first named 
Thomas, and successor of his elder brother Oliver, 
Earl of Tyrconnel (died April 11, 1667), in the 
Viscountcy of Fitzwilliam of Merrion, and Barony 
of Thorncastle, in the county of Dublin. As 
mentioned in Blacker* s Brief Sketches of the 
Parishes of Booterstown and Donnybrook, many 
members of the Fitzwilliam family have been 
interred at Donnybrook. 

The last item in the document, as furnished by 
Mr. Ferguson, is — 

" Paid, the first of January, 1675, to Mr. Dellane and 
his clerke, for his lordshipp's burial att Donebrooke, 18$." 

The date here given proves that William Vis- 
count Fitzwilliam was the individual in question ; 
inasmuch as Oliver, who had succeeded his father 



in the viscountcy, died in 
fourth Viscount in 1704. 



1667, and Thomas 



Archdall, moreover, in 
his edition of Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, vol. iv. 
p. 318, mentions that William Viscount Fitz- 
william died " before the year 1681." 

The " Mr. Dellane " to whom payment (as 
already stated) was made, was Michael Delaune, 
A.M., who was Archdeacon of Dublin, and con- 
sequently Rector of Donnybrook from 1672 to 
3rd November, 1675 ; and of whom a few par- 
ticulars have been given by Archdeacon Cotton, 
in his Fasti Ecclesice Hibernicce, vol. v. p. 114. I 
may add, that the " clergymen " to whom three 
payments were made, were Roman Catholic 
priests ; and that there is no mention of his lord- 
ship's burial in the parish-registers of Donny- 
brook, the earliest extant register commencing 
with the year 1712. Abhba. 



ANATOLIAN FOLK-LORE. 

The following was picked up by one of my 
children from a Greek servant. It has a like- 
ness to Hop 6* my Thumb and Cock Robin, with 
the repetitions of The House that Jack Built, quito 
in the legitimate style : 

There lived in former days an old man and 
an old woman, who had no children, and it so 
happened the old woman was bringing home a 
basketful of beans, and she wished they were all 
children. No sooner said than done, for out of 
her basket tumbled a host of elfin pigmies. Such 
a family was beyond the eld woman's patience, and 
she now wished them turned again into beans, to 
which state they all went back but one little 
urchin, whom she took home, and who was, from 

his smallness, named Little Peppercorn, and was 



124 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3 rd S. II. Ado. 16, '62. 



much beloved, being the hero of many adventures 
in the Tom Thumb style. 

One day it so betided the old woman was boiling 
her broth, and Little Peppercorn, climbing up, 
tumbled into the seething cauldron, and was 
scalded to death. Being missed, in vain did the 
old man and the dame call out everywhere for 
Peppercorn to come to his meals; and so they 
sat down without him, and when the broth was 
poured into the bowl, the dead body of poor Pep- 
percorn tumbled forth. 

The wailing of the old man and old woman 
made it known to the neighbourhood " Dear 
Peppercorn is dead — is dead." 

The dove, hearing of this, tore her feathers, 
saying 

u Dear Peppercorn is dead, 
The old woman and old man are wailing." 

The apple-tree, seeing the dove had torn her 
feathers, asked her why, and so she answered as 
above, and the apple-tree shed his apples. 

The neighbouring spring, seeing the apples fall, 
asked the tree wherefore, and the tree said — 

* 

11 Dear Peppercorn is dead, 
The old woman and old man are wailing, 
The clove has doffed her feathers, 
Dear Peppercorn is dead." 

And so the spring in grief gushed forth all its 
waters, and when the queen's woman slave came 
to draw water, she found none, and she asked of 
the fountain, and the fountain answered 

" Dear Peppercorn is dead, 
The old woman and old man are wailing, 
The dove has doffed her feathers, 
The apple-tree his apples has shed, 
Dear Peppercorn is dead." 

And so in grief the slave threw down her pitcher, 
and when the queen asked why the pitcher was 
cracked, the slave-girl said — 

" Dear Peppercorn is dead, 
The old woman and old man are wailing, 
The dove has doffed her feathers, 
The apple-tree his apples has shed, 
The well-spring its waters has quenched, 
Dear Peppercorn is dead." 

And in her despair the Queen grieved and broke 
her arm, and when the King knew of this he 
asked the Queen why, and she answered 

" Dear Peppercorn is dead, 
The old woman and old man are wailing, 
The dove has doffed her feathers, 
The apple-tree his apples has shed, 
The well-spring its waters has quenched, 
The slave her pitcher has shivered, 
Dear Peppercorn is dead. 

And so the King destroyed his crown, and when 

his folk asked him whv. h<% aa\A 



.. 



Dear Peppercorn is dead, 
The old woman and old man i 
The dove has doffed her feathi 
The apple-tree his apples has 






The well-spring its waters has quenched, 
The slave her pitcher has shivered. 
The queen her dear arm has broken, 
And I the king my golden crown have lost, 
Dear Peppercorn is dead." 

Hyde Clarke. 

Smyrna, Asia Minor, July 29, 1862. 






Minor flatt*. 









Francis Bacon, Baron Vbrulam. — It is cus- 
tomary, even with men of eminence, to speak and 
write of " Lord Bacon," but it should be known 
that there is no such title in the history of the 
peerage. 

Francis Bacon was created successively Baron 
Verulam and Viscount St. Albans; therefore when 
it is desired to indicate his works, one of these 
titles should be used ; but to call him " Lord 
Bacon" is as improper as to call the present 
Chancellor " Lord Bethell." S. F. 

The Bonaparte Family Register. — The fol- 
lowing cutting from to-day's Times is .worth pre- 
servation in " N. & Q." 

a The register of the Imperial family, on which has 
been inscribed the proces-verbal of the birth of Prince 
Napoleon's son, is a large folio volume, bound in red 
velvet, and having at the corners ornaments of silver 
gilt, with the family cipher " N " in the centre. It was 
commenced in 1806, and the first entry made was the 
adoption of Prince Eugfene by the Emperor. The second, 
made the same year, relates to the adoption of the Prin- 
cess Stephanie de Beauharnais, who recently died Grand 
Duchess of Baden, and who was cousin of the Empress 
Josephine. Next comes the marriage of the Emperor 
Napoleon I. ; then several certificates of the birth of 
Princes of the family, and lastly of the King of Rome ; 
which closes the series of the certificates inscribed under 
the reign of the First Emperor. This register was con- 
fided to the care of Count Kegnault de Saint-Jean- 
d'Angely, Minister and Councillor of State, and Secre- 
tary of the Imperial family. It was to him, under the 
First Empire, as it is now to the Minister of State under 
the Second, that was reserved the duty of drawing up 
the proces-verbaux of the great acts relative to Napoleon. 
At the fall of the First Empire, Count Kegnault de 
Saint Jean -d'Angely carefully preserved the book, which 
at his death passed into the hands of the Countess, his 
widow. That lady handed it over to the President of 
the Republic when Louis Napoleon was called by uni- 
versal suffrage to the Imperial throne. In this same 
register, continued by the Second Empire, may be seen 
the certificates of the marriage of the Emperor Napo- 
leon III., and of that of the Princess Clotilde; of the 
birth of the Prince Imperial; of the death of Prince 
Je'rome; and, lastly, of the birth of the Prince Napoleon 
Victor Je'rome Frederic, just born. The name of Napo- 
leon commemorates that of the head of the dynasty; 
that of Victor is in remembrance of the House of Savoy; 
Je'rome is that of his paternal grandfather; and Fre- 
deric was given in compliment to the family of Wurtein- 
berg. — GcdignanVs Messenger" 

Grime. 

July 23. 



3*d S. II. Aug. 16, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



125 



A Book Inscription. 

« This is ... book 

You may just within it look, 

But you'd better not do more, 

For the Devil's at the door, 

And will snatch at fingering hands ; 

Look behind you — There he stands I " 

Sm. De. 

Postage Stamps. — The New York correspon- 
dent of The Times, whose letter dated July 25, is 
printed in The Times of Aug. 8, gives the follow- 
ing account of a new issue of American stamps. 
The record of minute facts of this kind is seldom 
at hand when wanted. Please, therefore, preserve 
this in "N. & Q.": 

"The almost incredible announcement has been made 
to-day that the Post Office is not to issue postage stamps 
for currency, but that the Treasury is to issue them on 
thick paper or cardboard ungummed, so that they cannot 
be used for postal purposes, but for currency only! 
Never since the invention of printing were paper and ink 
applied to such a purpose. A Treasury-note for a sum 
so low as one cent, or an English halfpenny! Only 
think of this, ye old fogies of Europe, who have faith in 
gold and silver, and learn from this young and vigorous 
nation a lesson in finance ! There are to be eight different 
kinds of notes (for if they are not to be available for the 
payment of postage they cannot justly be called postage- 
stamps), of which the following list and description has 
been published for general information and guidance : — 



Amount. 

1 cent 
3 cent 
5 cent 
10 cent 
12 cent 
24 cent 
30 cent 
90 cent 



Vignette. 

Franklin - 
Washington 
Jefferson - 
Washington 
Washington 
Washington 
Franklin - 
Washington 



Colour. 

Blue. 

Pink. 

Chocolate. 

Green. 

Black. 

Lilac. 

Yellow. 

Blue." 

Grime. 



tibmitft. 



Armagh Cathedral. — Is there any good ac- 
count in print (in a separate form or otherwise) 
of this cathedral, which was restored some years 
since through the princely munificence of the 
late Primate of all Ireland, Lord John George 
Beresford ? I am aware that an 8vo pamphlet 
was published anonymously in Armagh during 
the progress of the work, or immediately after ; 
but it is a very meagre production. Stuart's 
valuable History of Armagh is of too old a date. 

It may be well here to notice the remarkable 
fact, that Archbishop Beresford, whose lamented 
death has lately taken place, was appointed to the 
bishoprick of Cork so long ago as the year 1805 ; 
and that having been translated successively to 
the sees of Raphoe, Clogher, and Dublin, he was 
raised in 1822 to the archbishoprick of Armagh, 
which he held for a few days more than forty 
years. This is, I think, a case not easily parai- 
lel ed. Abhba. 



Death by the Sword in England. — On the 
wall of St. John's church, Beverley, Yorkshire, 
on the outside, is an oval stone tablet. On its 
upper portion are sculptured two straight swords, 
crossed ; painted and gilded. Beneath are the 
following lines : 

" Here two young Danish Souldiers lye ; 
The one in quarell chanced to die; 
The other's Head, by their own Law, 
With Sword was sever'd at one Blow. 

" December the 23rd, 

1689." 

Does this record a fact? I was not aware of 
any execution by the sword having taken place 
in England since that of Ann Boleyn, which was 
an exceptional case. The permitting a foreign 
mode of punishment to be inflicted on English 
ground seems very strange indeed, and would 
certainly not be legal at present. Could the sur- 
viving combatant have been handed over to the 
Danish authorities, put to death " by their own 
law" on board a Danish vessel, in blue water, and 
the body afterwards transferred to Beverley for 
burial by the side of him who fell in the duel ? 

This seems to be a probable solution, supposing 
the epitaph to be correct ; but I should be very 
glad of further information on the subject. 

W. J. Bernhard Smith. 

Temple. 

The Earth a living Creature. — A very 
original monthly periodical, now in progress, en- 
titled The Future, ably advocates the rather start- 
ling postulate that the earth — the globe we 
inhabit — is a living organism. This idea, how- 
ever, seems to be not altogether new, for the fol- 
lowing amusing epigram will be found in Bancroft's 
Two Books of Epigrams, Lond. 1639 : 

"of the earth. 

" Those that make Earth a living monster, whose 
Breath moves the Ocean, when it ebbs and flowes ; 
Whose wartts are rugged hills, whose wrinkles vales, 
Whose ribbs are rocks, and bowels minerals. 
What will they have so vast a creature eat, 
With Sea's too salt, and Aire's too windy meate ? " 

Query. Who were the "those" that made earth 
a living monster, in Bancroft's time ? 

W. Pinkerton. 

Hounslow. 

Farrant. — Can any one inform me where 
Richard Farrant, the composer, obtained the 
words of his well known anthem, " Lord, for thy 
tender mercies' sake ?" Some of the expressions 
look like a translation from the Latin language; 
but I should like to know whether the music was 
written to the present words, or whether they 
have been adapted by a later hand. 

D. Sedgwick. 

Sun Street, City. 

Goodhind Family. — Information is desired 
respecting this family, who were seated at the 



126 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8* S. IL Aug. 16, 'C2. 



time of the Commonwealth, and for nearly a cen- 
tury and a half subsequently, at Saltford, co. 
Somerset, some of whom are interred in the church 
of that parish, and others of them (if I am cor- 
rectly informed) in Bath Abbey. F. A. R. \V. 

Thb Graceless Florin and the Potato 
Disease. — The following story was stated the 
other day at a meeting of some eminent natural 
historians. When a particular type of florin was 
coined some time ago, it was found the usual 
affix to the royal title D. G. had been inadver- 
tently omitted. The coin was called in, and 
another type issued with the proper correction ; 
the former is of course very scarce, and goes by 
the name of "the graceless florin." The same 
year was the first of the potato blight, and it was 
stated at the meeting alluded to as a fact, that 
a sermon was preached at the time, in which the 
calamity was gravely asserted to be a Divine 
judgment on the nation for the omission. Can 
this be true ? And if so, who was the preacher, 
and to what denomination did he belong ? He 
could not have been an Irishman, as that country 
suffered most, and must have had least to do with 



the issuing of the coin. 



NlJMISMATICUS. 



Bishop Hurd's Letters. — I shall feel ob- 
liged if the purchaser of two 4to vols, of Autograph 
Letters, containing several from Bishop Hurd to 
Dr. Macro, bought at Mr. Dawson Turner's sale 
by Mr. Waller, bookseller of Fleet Street, and 
sold by him, will acquaint me with his name and 
address. F. Kilvert. 

Claverton Lodge, Bath. 

King and Queen or Kingue-faibe : Mac- 
Mahon. 

1. In the 42nd chapter of the Chronique de 
Mathieu de Coussy or dEscouhy, published by 
Buchon in his Collection des Chroniques Nationales, 
and in Le Pantheon LittSraire, and which I am 
about to re-edit for La Societe de l'Histoire de 
France, mention is made of a King and Queen of 
Kingue-faire; who, in 1449, under these assumed 
names, levied large sums of money, and assembled 
an army of thirty or forty thousand men for the 
purpose of making a descent on Normandy. Can 
any correspondent of " N. & Q." throw any light 
upon this matter ? Had it anything to do with 
Cade's rebellion ? 

2. In the same chapter mention is made of a 
plot which was laid in Ireland, and of which the 
Duke of York was intended to be the victim, by 
an Irish chieftain of the name of Mache-maron 
(Mac Mahon). Is there any mention of this in 
any contemporary writer ? 

G. dd Fresne de Beaucourt. 

Chat, de Morainville p. Blansy du Calvados, 

2Aofit 

Who was Duke of Orleans in the Reign of 
Louis XII. P — In the Lettres des Rots, Reincs, et 



autres Personnages des Cours de France et d Angle- 
terre, published by the French government, there 
are two letters to Mary Tudor, Queen of France, 
signed " Loys d'Orleans." Miss Costello, in her 
Anne of Brittany , also speaks of the Duchess of 
Orleans as one of the four ladies who stood be- 
hind the Queen's chair on a particular occasion : 
I presume her to have been the wife of •' Loys." 
Who, then, was this "Loys?" And what rela- 
tion was he to the KingP Louis XII. himself 
bore the title of Duke of Orleans before his acces- 
sion ; while his son-in-law and successor, Francis 
I., always bore that of Count of Angouleme. 
Anderson's Royal Genealogies gives no clue as to 
who this Louis of Orleans might be. 

Hermentrude. 

Professor Mansel's Allusion. — From what 

author are the words, awcXdicTLcrc KaOaircpel rd ttw 

Aapia ycwnOtma r))v /lit; ripa, quoted by Professor 
Mansel in Aids to Faith, essay i. p. 37 ? And what 
is the analogy — (1.) of the mother; (2.) of the 
young foals ; and (3.) of the parturition, to the 
subject matter of the professor's argument in the 
paragraph where these words are quoted P n N 

Rood Lofts. — At what period in the Eccle- 
siastical History of England were rood lofts first 
set up ? Are there any of early English or de- 
corated in existence ? W. H. H. 






Monument in Westminster Abbey. — In St. 
Edmund's Chapel there is a monumental figure of 
a certain Lady Elizabeth Russell, of whom the 
vergers in their guide-book relate that " she 
pricked her finger with a needle, which caused a 
locked-jaw, and occasioned her death." Mr. Peter 
Cunningham, in his Handbook of London, at once 
dismisses this story as u foolish." Now, there is 
nothing intrinsically foolish or improbable in it; 
and from a passage I lately hit upon in the 
writings of Wiseman, Serjeant-Surgeon to Charles 
the Second, it is evident that the story was ac- 
cepted as true by that eminent surgical authority, 
almost, if not quite, a cotemporary of the lady in 
question. In his chapter on "The Method of 
curing the Evill," p. 278, he says : 

" The monument at Westminster of the young lady 
holding up her finger, prickt with a needle, of which 
she died, may serve to show you that in ill habits of 
body small wounds are mortall." — Severall Chirurgicall 
Treatises, 1st edition, 1G76. 

I conclude with a Query : — What was the date 
of Lady Elizabeth Russell's death ? The style of 
the monument is that of the early part of the 
seventeenth century. The figure has now lost 
the entire left hand ; thus sharing the fate of so 
many monuments in this shamefully neglected 
repository of our illustrious dead. Jaydee, 









Photography. 



p. 143 (London, 1774), occurs this: 



In Rational Recreations,yo\. iv. 



3^ s. II. Aug. 16, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



127 



" Recreation XLIII. Writing on Glass by the Bays of 
the Sun. — Dissolve chalk in aquafortis, to the consistence 
of milk, and add to that a strong dissolution of silver. 
Keep this liquor in a glass decanter, well stopped. Then 
cuttout from a paper the letters you would have appear, 
and paste the paper on the decanter ; which you are to 
place in the sun, in such a manner that its rays may pass 
through the spaces cut out of the paper, and fall on the 
surface of the liquor. The part of the glass through 
which the rays pass will turn black, and that under the 
paper will remain white. You must observe not to move 
the bottle during the time of the operation." 

Are there any 'earlier records of similar hints 
towards the development of the modern art of 
photography ? W. H. L. 

Berwick-on-Tweed.] 

Quotation. — From what source are the follow- 
ing lines quoted ? — 

* Friends whom she lov'd so long, and sees no more, 
Loved, and still loves, not lost, but gone before." * 

M. M. 

St. Thomas's Hospital. — Bishop Burnet says 
that St. Thomas's Hospital was surrendered to 
Henry VIII., July 25, 1538, "by Thomas 
Thirleby with two other priests ; he was Master, 
and was designed Bishop of Westminster, to 
which he made his way by that resignation." 
Other authorities state that Nicholas Buckland 
was the then Master, although I find that, ac- 

d 



cording to some, a Nicholas Buckland 
a grant of the hospital from the Abbot of Ber- 
mondsey 1428. Will any correspondent kindly 
help me out of this fog ? T. C. N. 

School Discipline. — To what do the words 
italicised in the following extract refer? Some 
one of your recent correspondents upon school 
discipline can probably reply : — 



" ■ regular floggers, as at our own great schools, 

always attended the inspectors of public instruction (i. e. 
at Sparta)." — St. John's Manners and Customs of the 
.Ancient Greeks, i. 385. 

S.F. 

ct Surun," Battle -crt of the Moguls. — In 
most accounts of the Moguls, subjects of Zenghis 
Khan and Timour, mention is made of their 
favourite battle-cry, Surun, or Souroun. It was 
heard with appalling effect at the great battle of 
Angora, between Timour and Bajazet. What is 
the meaning of the word, if it be not merely a 
terrific sound ? It is probably to be sought in the 
Zagatay language (Timour's native speech), of 
which we possess a curious specimen in the Me- 
moirs of Bdber, written by himself, — w A hero, 
descended from Timour in the fifth degree, who 
fled from the arms of the Usbecs to the conquest 

[* See "N. & Q." 2*<* S. iii. 56, for the origin of the 
phrase " not lost, but gone before," which has no doubt 
done duty in many a poem, and on many a tombstone. 

Ed.] 



of Hindostan." (Gibbon.) I understand that 
the Zagatay language is a branch of the Turkish. 

W. D. 



Wright's " Louthiana." — In the year 1758, 

Mr. Thomas Wright published in London the 
second edition of his Louthiana ; or, an Introduc- 
tion to the Antiquities of Ireland (in three Parts, 
4to), which is still, and very deservedly, in con- 
siderable demand. In 1794, the Rev. Edward 
Ledwich edited Grose's Antiquities of Ireland, and 
in vol. i. p. xiii. he states that 

" The account of New Grange is extracted from the 
memoir of that accomplished antiquary, Governor Pow- 
nall, in the Archadogia, and the MS. additions of Wright 
to his Louthiana, now the property of George Allen, Esq., 
of Darlington, in Yorkshire." 

Can you oblige me with any information re- 
specting these "MS. additions" ? In whose pos- 
session are they at present ? And besides what 
Ledwich has given, have they, in whole or in 
part, appeared in print ? To one connected with 
the county of Louth, they would prove particu- 
larly interesting. Abhba, 



thutxlti to tt& fttrttocnt. 



i 

Sir Robert Mackreth. 



relating 



— Any 
Robert Mackreth, 



information 



to JSir Kobert Mackreth, commonly 
known as " Bob Mackreth," will be gladly re- 
ceived. I have heard that he was at one time a 



waiter at White's. 



C.B. 






[One of the most successful of the metropolitan club- 
houses at the commencement of the last century was 
that of White's at the bottom of St. James's Street, 
which in its primitive days was known as White's 
Chocolate house. It was here that George Selwyn, Gilly 
Williams, Chesterfield, Steele, Cibber, and other wits 
passed many of their idle hours. Owing to a fire which 
happened on April 28, 1733, another house was opened 
at the top of the same street, called Arthur's Chocolate 
House, but now better known as White's Club House. 
Arthur died on June 6, 1761, and in the following Oc- 
tober Mr. Mackreth, employed as a waiter, was lucky 
enough to marry his only daughter, and thus succeeded 
to the business. Two years after Mackreth relinquished 
the concern to Mr. Chambers, as appears from the fol- 
lowing letter addressed to George Selwyn : — 

"White's, April 5, 1763. 

u Sir, — Having quitted business entirely, and let my 
house to the Cherubim, who is my near relation, I humbly 
beg leave, after returning you my most grateful thanks 
for all favours, to recommend him to your patronage, not 
doubting, by the long experience I have had of his 
fidelity, but that he will strenuously endeavour to oblige. 
I am, Sir, your most dutiful, and much obliged humble 
servant, R. Mackreth." ( Selwyn and his Contempora- 
ries, i. 217.) 

Time passes on, and we find our waiter figuring as 
M.P. for Castle Rising in 1775—1784. But that spark- 
ling letter- writer, Horace Walpole, shall tell his own 
story of this signal elevation. Writing to the Rev. 
William Mason in 1774 t he says, " The new stnate, they 
tell me, will be a curious assemblage of patricians and 



128 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3* S. II. Aug. in, '62. 




plebeians, and knights — of the post. An old cloaths man, 
who, George Selwyn says, certainly stood for Monmouth, 
was a candidate, but unsuccessful. Bob [Robert Mack- 
reth] formerly a waiter at White's, was set up by m}* 
nephew for two boroughs, and actually is returned for 
Castle Rising with Mr. Wedderburn : 

Servus curru portatur eodem ; 

which I suppose will offend the Scottish Consul, as much 
as his countrymen resent an Irishman standing for West- 
minster, which the former reckon a borough of their 
own. For my part, waiter for waiter, I see little differ- 
ence; they are all equally ready to cry, 'Coming, coming, 
Sir.' " (Walpole's Letters, vi. 119, edit. 1857.) 

It appears that Lord Orford, having borrowed money 
of Mackreth, brought him into parliament for his borough 
of Castle Rising, and, to excuse it, pretended that his 
mother, Lady Orford, who knew nothing of it, borrowed 
the money. Walpole, in his letter to Sir Horace Mann, 
dated Nov. 24, 1774, thus notices the transaction : " The 
interlude of Mackreth has given so much offence, that, 
after having run the gauntlet, he has been persuaded to 
be modest and give up his seat. I should not say give, 
but sell it. I do not believe that the buyer will be much 
more creditable ; but, happily, I am free from all this 
disgraceful transaction." (Letters, vi. 152.) In another 
letter from Walpole to Mason of 1st Nov. 1780, is the 
following epigram : — 

" When Bob Mackreth served Arthur's crew, 
He said to Rumbold ' Black my shoe,' 

To which he answer'd ' Yea, Bob.' 
But when return'd from India's land, 
And grown too proud to brook command, 

He sternly answer'd, • Nay-Bob.' * 

" I am told this is at least three years old, no matter; 
good ink, like wine, is not the worse for age." (lb. vii. 
456.) 

Gilly Williams mentions Mackreth in a letter to 
George Selwyn (March, 1768) as one of the betters in 
Change Alley on the success of Wilkes, when he stood 
for the city. "Mackreth was the ally, and had various 
negotiations." (Selwyn Correspondence, ii. 266.) 

On June 3, 1784, Mrs Mackreth died at Putney, at 
which time we find her husband was M.P. for Ashburton, 
which he continued to represent till the year 1806. 
In 1793, Mackreth sent a challenge to Sir John Scott 
(afterwards Lord Eldon) for having abused him in a 
speech delivered six years before. M The truth is (says 
Sir John), three courts thought his conduct so bad, that 
they made him pay a young man, of whom they declared 
he had taken undue advantage, about 17,000/. and all 
costs, and the fellow is fool enough to suppose he can 
retrieve his character by insulting me." Mackreth was 
convicted of a breach of the peace, and sentenced by the 
Court of King's Bench, in May 1793, to six weeks' 
imprisonment, and a fine of 100/. But notwithstanding 
this reprehensible transaction, he was two years after- 
wards knighted by George III. on May 8, 1795. Sir 
Robert died in the month of February, 1819, in the 
ninety-fourth year of his age.] 

Ussher g " Body of Divinity." — Can any one 
Rive the tide-pace of the first and second editions 
of this work ? I find by the third a remarkable 
note : — 

• Collected long since out of sundry authors, and re- 
dnced into one common met hod by James U*her, Bishop 

•This epigram with some variations is printed in Sir 
E. Brydges's Autobiopraphy, i. 194, who states that it was 
attributed to Lord Chancellor namdm. 



of Armagh, and at the earnest desire of divers godly 
persons lately printed, and now this third edition cor- 
rected and much amended." 

This was printed in 1648. In the fourth edi- 
tion, published in 1653, this further statement 
occurs, which is copied in subsequent reprints: 
" Corrected and much enlarged by the author." 
The third edition, it appears, was printed three 
years after his Grace's reproof to Downham 








[DownameJ for the surreptitious T _^ 

the fourth was by a new publisher, both during 
his Grace's life. It is not credible that such a 
liberty could have been taken so audaciously wit 
Ussher's name, if a falsehood was thus given to th 
public during his lifetime. 

Joseph D'Aect Sibb, D.D. 

[We have before us the second edition of A Body o 
Dtvinitie, folio 1647, which contains on the title-page th* 
same "remarkable note" quoted by our corresponden 
with the exception of one word, " and now, this seco 
edition, corrected and much amended." This editio 
contains John Downame's prefatory address " To th 
Christian Reader." There is a copy of the first edition, 
1645, in the Bodleian Library. Dr. Elrington, in his 
Life of Abp. Ussher ( Works, i. 249), states, that u many 
editions have been published by those who were aware of 
this letter [t. e. the Archbishop's letter disavowing the 
work], and yet ^affixed the Primate's name; and every 
advocate of supralapsarian doctrines quotes in his sup- 

Eort the opinions of Archbishop Ussher, as put forth in 
is Body of Divinity." Again, in a note, the Doctor 
adds: "An edition was published in London so lately 
as the year 1841, and the attention of the editors was 
drawn to the letter of Archbishop Ussher. They pro- 
mised to prefix the letter to the work, but they never 
fulfilled the promise."] 







FORTY 



•What were the constitu- 
te 



tion and powers of the judicial " Council of Forty 
at Venice, and when was it instituted ? Any in- 
formation relative to this body will oblige ine? 
Mr. W. C. Hazlitt, in his History of Venice, is 
not sufficiently explicit. S. F. 

[But little is known of the origin and positive duties 
of the 1 Quaranta, or Venetian •• Council of Forty." It 
became the real depository of the republican power in the 
twelfth century, after the violent death of Vitale (1173, 
A.D.), and was exclusivelj* composed of members of the 
most noble families in Venice. Like the Ephori of Sparta, 
they exercised directly but few of the functions of the 
executive, but in them lay the power of electing every 
new Doge, and of governing during every interregnum. 
Prior to the appointment of 4 * The Forty," the choice of a 
Doge had vested, either ostensibly or virtually, in the 
suffrages of the whole assembly of the people. Thus, 
slowly and imperceptibly, arose that aristocrat ical domin- 
ation which prepared the way for the silent usurpations 
of the oligarchy. Consult " Sketches from Venetian 
History," by the Rev. Edw. Smedley, in the Family 
Library, 12mo, London, 1831; and especially an article 
in the Edinburgh Review, No. 92, or vol. xlvl pp. 75 — 
106, inclusive.] 

" Cock and Bell." — A common publichouse 
sign, in the Eastern Counties, is " The Cock and 
Bell." Was there a practice of giving a bell as 
the prize of victory for fighting cocks, as there 



I 






8* S- II. Aug. 16, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



129 



was for horses ? And if not, what is the origin of 
the combination ? If a cock " bore a bell," where 
on his person did he carry it ? I presume, round 
his necK. Do any bells exist, made for this pur- 
pose ? And if so, what is their size, shape, and 
material ? A Country Brewer. 

[A thrifty housewife, says the fable, finding her maids 
lazy in the morning, obtained a cock, which by its crowing 
roused them from their morning slumbers. The maids, re- 
solved to have their nap out, conspired and murdered the 
cock. The good woman then procured a bell, and rang 
them up. The sign of the " Cock and Bell," if it refers 
to this antiquated story, may probably have been in the 
first instance (though subsequently not so limited), the 
sign of an early house. "Cock and Bell," however, may 
be simply a modification of " Cock and Pail," an old 
term for a spigot and faucet (Jamieson), no inappropriate 
sign for a public house.] 

Nef. — What is a Nef, of which I have seen 
mention in a notice of the Loan Exhibition of 
Fine Art Objects in the South Kensington Mu- 
seum ? I presume it is some kind of ornamental 
plate. Juv. 

[The Nef is described in Labarte'a Handbook of the 
Arts of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, — a book which, 
on account of the value of its information and the beauty 
of its illustrations, should accompany every visitor to the 
interesting Exhibition at South Kensington. At p. 226, 
we are told a nef is " the piece of plate in which the 
nobility of those da3 r s displayed the greatest luxury." 
"The nef was a kind of box in the form of a ship, which 
was placed upon the table of a sovereign or great person ; 
it had a lock to it, and served to contain the goblet and 
various other utensils for the owner's private use." De- 
scriptions of several of these splendid specimens of medi- 
aeval luxury are given by Labarte.] 

Bishop Edmund Gheast. — Can any of your 
readers inform me what were the arms and motto 
of Edmund Geste, Bishop of Salisbury in 1570, 
and who was buried in Salisbury Cathedral in 
1576-7? Lindum. 

[According to Bedford's Blazon of Episcopacy, the 
arms of Gheast, Bishop of Rochester, afterwards trans- 
lated to Salisbury, were, Azure a chevron argent, be- 
tween three swans' necks erased argent beaked gules. 
The motto is not stated.] 



totfXitH. 



NEWS OFINAPOLEON'S ESCAPE FROM ELBA. 

(2 Dd S. viii. 86, 382,532.) 

In the pages of the eighth volume of the Second 
Series of " N. & Q." above referred to, there are 
discrepant versions of the circumstances under 
which the news of Napoleon's escape from Elba 
reached the Congress of Vienna. The following is 
the account of this incident, given by M. Thiers in 
the nineteenth volume of his Histoire du Consulat 
et de TEmpire, liv. 58 (p. 386, ed. 12mo, Brux- 
elles). He states that when the news of the 
landing in the gulf of Juan had reached Vienna, 
by transmission from Genoa, it found the sove- 



reigns and their ministers still present, with the 
exception of Lord Castlereagh, whose place at 
the congress had been filled by the Duke of Wel- 
lington. 

" They were all (he proceeds to say) assembled at an 
entertainment (une fete) when the news was spread. It 
produced the sensation of a thunderbolt. Their first 
sentiment was that of terror; and in that terror they 
flattered us, alas ! for they thought that eleven months 
had sufficed to restore the exhausted powers of France. 
This sentiment was even sufficiently striking to excite 
the malice of the English diplomatists, who having, 
thanks to the ocean, scarcely anything to fear for their 
country, laughed at the terrors of others. To this con- 
sternation succeeded a violent anger against the real or 
supposed authors of the calamities which appeared to be 
imminent. The first object of this universal outcry was 
the Emperor Alexander, who, by the treaty of April 11, 
had had the imprudence to grant the island of Elba to 
Napoleon, and after him came the Bourbons, who, by 
their mode of governing, had facilitated his return to 
France." 

An authentic contemporary account of the 
principal circumstances attending the receipt of 
the intelligence in question at Vienna is con- 
tained in documents published in the Duke of 
Wellington's Despatches, and in the Castlereagh 
Correspondence. 

The following is an extract from a despatch of 
the Duke of Wellington to Lord Castlereagh, 
dated Vienna, March 12, 1815. (Gurwood, vol, 
xii. p. 266) : 

"I received here on the 7th inst. [March] a despatch 
from Lord Burghersh, of the 1st, giving an account that 
Buonaparte had quitted the island of Elba, with all his 
civil and military officers, and about 1200 troops, on the 
26th of February. I immediately communicated this 
account to the Emperors of Austria and Russia, and to 
the King of Prussia, and to the ministers of the different 
powers, and I found among all one pervading sentiment 
of a determination to unite their efforts to support the 
system established by the peace of Paris. 

" As it was uncertain to what quarter Buonaparte had 
gone, whether he would not return to Elba, or would 
land on any part of the Continent, it was agreed that it 
was best to postpone the adoption of any measure till his 
farther progress should be ascertained ; and we have 
since received accounts from Genoa, stating that he had 
landed in France near Cannes on the 1st of March ; had 
attempted to get possession of Antibes, and had been 
repulsed, and that he was on his march towards Grasse." 

Some further details as to the receipt of this 
despatch are furnished by the following note of 
a conversation of the Duke of Wellington, in 
Kogers's Recollections (London, 1859, 12mo) 

"When Buonaparte left Elba for France, I was at 
Vienna, and received the news from Lord Burghersh, our 
minister at Florence. The instant it came I communi- 
cated it to every member of the Congress, and all laughed ; 
the Emperor of Russia most of all. ' What was in your 
letter to his Majesty this morning? ' said his physician; 
1 for when he broke the seal, he clapped his hands, and 
burst out a laughing?' Various were the conjectures as 
to whither he was gone ; but none would hear of France. 
All were sure that in France he would be massacred 
by the people when he appeared there. I remember 



130 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



[3"» S. II. Auo. 16, '62. 



I » 



Talleyrand's words so well : * Pour la Franco — non. 
(P. 207.) 

The following extract from a letter of M. Pozzo 
di Borgo to Lord Castlereagh, dated Ghent, April 
21, 1815, alludes to the fact that the Emperor 
Alexander did not at first take a serious view of 
Bonaparte's enterprise : 

" J'ltois a Vienne an moment oil la nouvelle de Inva- 
sion de Bonaparte arriva. Je ne manquai de pr&ager 
les suites dans toute leur Vendue. l/Empercur [de 
llussie] en fut e'galement convaincu dfes le premier in- 
stant." (Castlereagh Correspondence, vol. x. p. 319.) 

According to Prince Hardenberg, however, 
Memoires dvn Homme dE'tat (Paris, 13 vols.), 
Pozzo di Borgo was not more prescient than his 
master. Upon the arrival of the news, his re- 
mark was : " C'est un fou ; il sera accroche au 
premier arbre." (Vol. xii. p. 476.) 

Lord Clancarty, in a letter to Lord Castle- 
reagh, written from Vienna, and dated March 11, 
1815, thus describes the arrival of the first intel- 
ligence : 

" We were at Court the night of the arrival of Burg- 
hersh's despatch containing the news of Buonaparte's 
flight ; and though there was every attempt to conceal 
apprehension under the mask of unconcern, it was not 
difficult to perceive that fear was predominant in all the 
imperial and royal personages there assembled; and 
however much their principal officers endeavoured to 
make light of this event, the task of disguise was too 
heavy for them. It appeared to me desirable rather to 
encourage than to weaken the fears which obviously 
pervaded all, with a view through these, as well to af- 
firm the disposition of active co operation, as to hasten 
the march and final termination of affairs here." (Castle- 
reagh Correspondence, vol. x. p. 264.) 

It seems that the first intelligence of Napo- 
leon's escape from Elba — that conveyed to the 
Duke of Wellington by Lord Burghersh's de- 
spatch — arrived, and was made known during a 
Court entertainment. This fact is stated in 
Prince Hardenberg's Memoires (vol. xii. p. 475) — 
a work of which the authenticity is not indeed 
quite clear. Lord Clancarty in the letter already 
cited likewise mentions that they were at Court 
when the news was circulated. Villemain, in his 
Souvenirs Contemporains (Paris, 1855), vol. ii. 
p. 79, states that the entertainment was a tableau 
viyant, representing the interview of Maximilian I. 
with Mary of Burgundy, and that it was inter- 
rupted in consequence of the agitation produced 
by the news. The account of Villemain is re- 
peated by Flassan, Histoire du Congres de Vienne 
(Paru, 1829), vol. ii. p. 4. The Duke of Wel- 
lington's despatch makes no allusion to any Court 
entertainment, and his conversation reported by 
Mr. Rogers implies that he communicated the 
information to the Emperor of Russia by a letter, 
which his majesty read in the morning. 

The news in question reached ° Vienna on 

March 7. On the 8th, Prince Metternich, Trince 



Talleyrand, and the Duke of Wellington, set out 
for Presburcr in order to hold a conference with 




the King of Saxony : they returned to Vienna on 
the 12th. (Hardenberg, ib. voL xii. p. 474.) 
Flassan states (ib. p. 12) that the celebrated 
manifesto, declaring Napoleon to be a political 
outlaw, and placing him under the ban of Europe, 
was planned by the three plenipotentiaries during 
this journey ; that it was agreed to in substance 
by the congress on the 12th, and was formally 
passed on the 13th, on which day it bears date. 
Villemain (ib. p. 85) says that the draft was pre- 
pared under the direction of M. de Talleyrand. 

According to Villemain and Flassan, the news 
of Bonaparte's escape from Elba reached Vienna 
on March 5, and the news of his landing in France 
on the 8th. Sir Archibald Alison (Lives of Lord 
Castlereagh and Sir C. Stewart, vol. ii. p. 595) 
mentions the 7th and the 8th. The probability is, 
that the intelligence of the second event arrived 
at Vienna after the 8th and before the 12th. The 
1 1 th is the day specified by the authority cited in 
" N. & Q." 2 nd S. viii. 533. The declaration of 
the 13th was obviously issued in the hope that 
Napoleon's progress to Paris might be arrested. 
(See Villemain, ib. p. 87.) His entry at Gre- 
noble took place on the 7th, and his entry at 
Lyons on the 10th, and if his reception at these 
places had been known at Vienna on the 13th, a 
less strong and more cautious tone would perhaps 
have been adopted in the composition of this 
famous document. This is an instance in which 
the electric telegraph would have exercised an 
important influence upon the acts of govern- 
ments. 

In a general sense it may be said that the news 
of Napoleon's return to the throne from which he 
had for so many years carried devastation over all 
the continent of Europe, came upon foreign na- 
tions like a thunderbolt ; and it is not likely that 
the Congress of Vienna should have been exempt 
from the universal consternation. But when 
we come to examine the facts as they really oc- 
curred, we find that this general description 
requires much modification. The intelligence 
which first reached Vienna, — that which was 
circulated at the court entertainment — was sim- 
ly that of the escape of the dangerous man from 
lba ; his destination was unknown, and was still 
uncertain; some, perhaps many, thought, with 
M. de Talleyrand, that he would not risk a land- 
ing in France. The event was so surprising, and 
so strange, that it provoked a nervous laugh among 
many of the chiefs of the congress ; and its full 
gravity was not appreciated until Napoleon had 
been known to have effected a successful landing 
in France. M. Thiers 9 ! account of the news of 
Napoleon's landing in France having reached 
Vienna by way of Genoa, and falling like a thun- 
derbolt upon the members of the congress, when 
















3' d S. II. Aug. 16, 'M.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



131 



they were present at an entertainment, is inaccu- 
rate. The news which arrrived at the court en- 
tertainment was not of his landing in France, but 
of his having left Elba, and it came from Florence, 
not from Genoa. This difference is essential ; 
because it affected the character of the event, and 
the anticipation of its probable consequences. 

The statement of M. Thiers, that the English 
representatives at the congress made themselves 
merry at the alarms of their colleagues, is highly 
improbable, and is moreover contradicted by t uch 
evidence as we possess. The Duke of Wellington 
and his English associates must have known per- 
fectly well that, although England might be less 
exposed to invasion than the countries of central 
Europe, still she was sure of being speedily in- 
volved in a formidable war, and that a large share 



of the expense of supporting that war was likely 
to fall upon the English exchequer. They must, 
if they had common foresight, have regarded the 
event in a most serious light; and it is highly 
improbable that they should have either expressed 
or felt the malignant joy attributed to them by 
M. Thiers. There is no approach to levity in the 
tone of the dispatches written by the English re- 
presentatives at Vienna. Those of the Duke of 
Wellington are cool and determined, anticipating 
a sanguinary struggle, and pointing out the pre- 

{>arations to be made for it. Lord Clancarty's 
etter of the 11th describes his efforts to check 
the affected indifference of some of the representa- 
tives of other courts, and to encourage their fears. 
His letter to Lord Castlereagh, written a week 
later (dated Vienna, March 18,) begins thus : 

•* Under the overwhelming circumstances which are 
hourly occurring in France, from the defection of the 
army, and black and bloody prospects thence aiising, plac- 
ing as they do in jeopardy many of the arrangements 
here made, and especially those relating to the Low 
Countrie8, ,, &c. 

This is not the tone of a man who rejoiced in 
the comparative security of England, or who 
showed any want of concern for the probable suf- 
ferings of the continent. 

The feelings of the principal members of the 
congress, upon this occasion, are described in 
detail by Villemain, but he says nothing of any 
exultation of the English plenipotentiaries over 
their colleagues. He speaks of the " tranquillite 
impassible, et pour ainsi dire Tindolence hautaine 
de M. de Talleyrand" (p. 82). On the other 
hand, Hardenberg's Memoires represent Prince 
Talleyrand as passing from the extreme of confi- 
dence to that of alarm : — 

"Cet tenement, objet d'effroi pour le plus grand 

nombre, et qui fit passer M. de Talleyrand d'une hauteur 

insultante a la plus honteuse pusillanimity w (Vol. xii. 
p. 475.) 

It may be remarked that M. de Talleyrand, as 
plenipotentiary of Louis XVIII., had reasons for 



uneasiness which were peculiar to himself, and 
were not shared by any of his colleagues. 

The result of the above examination is that M. 
Thiers' s narrative of this short passage of history 
is loose and inaccurate ; that it is founded, in great 
measure, upon his own suppositions of what was 
likely to have happened ; and that it is deficient 
in characteristic features of truth, derived from 
the positive testimony of the actors in the events. 
Its subject is not indeed of great importance; but 
it may be taken as a sample of his mode of deal- 
ing with historical evidence ; and if such is his 
trustworthiness in points in which his materials 
are accessible to the public, we may judge what 
it is when he professes to found his account of 
events upon unpublished documents. L. 



DEAN SWIFT AND DR. WAGSTAFFE. 

(3 rd S. i. 381.) 

Your correspondent D. S. A., in his ingenious 
and elaborate article on Wa^staffe's Miscellaneous 
Works, has raised a curious question. To go 
through the whole of the points which he adverts 
to would require a larger space than I at present 
feel disposed to ask for, but as no reply has yet 
been made to his paper, and the subject is an 
interesting one, I feel tempted to offer a few 
words, by way of caveat, against the transfer of 
this literary stock to the account of the Dean 
of St. Patrick's. D. S. A.'s position, to which I 
must confess I am unable to subscribe, seems to 
be that Swift, within about a year after the death 
of Dr. William WagstafFe, a resident London 
physician of eminence, and Fellow of the Royal 
Society, published under his, Dr. Wagstaffe's 
name, a volume of various pieces, political, sa- 
tirical, and humorous, extending to upwards of 
400 8vo. pages, which were in fact the productions 
of the facetious Dean himself, prefacing them by 
a grave biography of the assumed author Dr. 
Wagstaffe, who, on the credit of these works, has 
taken his place as one of the humourists of the 
time of Queen Anne from that day to this, and 
been duly recorded as such by the careful and 
industrious editor of Steele, King, and Swift, and 
other literary biographers. Such a feat, if it 
could only be satisfactorily established, would 
form the climax of the mystifications of the author 
of the Tale of the Tub, but the grounds alleged 
seem to my mind altogether insufficient to war- 
rant the conclusion for which your correspondent 
contends. Let it be remembered that the in- 
terval between the publication in 1726 and the 
date of the earliest of the pieces as they originally 
came out, was not more than fifteen years, and 
was there therefore any rational probability that 

such a hoax could be practised without immediate 



132 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8*<* S. IL Auo. 16, '02. 



detection and exposure P Were all the contem- 
poraries, friends of Dr. Wagstaffe, and acquainted 
with his early habits and character, or who were 
conversant in the history [of the press and its 
workings during the latter years of Queen Anne, 
utterly perished from the face of the earth, so as 
to afford an opportunity of dealing with the de- 
ceased doctor's antecedents in any way which the 
whim of the most whimsical of humourists might 
dictate without fear or scruple? If not, how 
comes it that no suspicion as to the genuineness of 
the Wagstaffe volume appears to have been enter- 
tained at the time of its publication, and that in 
the prints and pamphlets of that day, as far as 
can be ascertained from a pretty attentive ex- 
amination, Dr. Wagstaffe's claim to its contents 
is never doubted nor canvassed? So far from 
that being the case, it seems never to have been 
questioned from 1726 to the date of D. S. A.'s 
article. I refer of course to the collection as a 
whole, and the good faith with which it was 
made, by no means denying the possibility that 
the editor may have included some pieces in the 
volume, in which other writers may have had a 
share as well as Wagstaffe. Then, as to the 
quality and literary merit of the contents, are they 
fully up to the standard of Swift, or clearly marked 
with any of his distinctive characteristics as a 
writer ? Your correspondent thinks they are ; I 
think not, and would merely solicit a careful 
comparison with any of his undoubted writings 
on similar subjects. Compare, for instance, the 
" Plain Dealer " with an equal number of his 
papers in the Examiner or "Toby's Character 
of Richard Steele" with "The Importance of the 
Guardian Considered," and the difference will be 
at once discernible in the power and precision 
with which the strokes are dealt out to the 
writer's opponents. But it is obvious that your 
correspondent's hypothesis must fall through, if 
any one of the pieces contained in the volume are 
clearly shown to be Wagstaffe's. Now, I possess 
a very curious and extensive, indeed I should 
suppose nearly complete, series of the 8vo Tracts 
published in London from 1711 to 1718. The 
party who formed it, whose name I do not know, 
was evidently an indefatigable reader of pamph- 
lets. He appears to have purchased them as 
they came out, and where the date was wanting, 
has supplied it, where erroneous, corrected it, 
and in the body of each tract has filled up the 
blanks, marked the allusions in the margin, and, 
when he knew it, has written on the title-page 
of each anonymous tract the name of the author, 
and, mb hat as I have been able to test it, with ac- 
curate information. In this series there is a copy 
of the first edition of the Comment upon the His- 
tory of Tom Thumb (London: Printed for J. 
Morphew,il711, 8vo, p. 24), on the title-page of 
which the possessor has written, evidently at the 



time, M By Mr. Wagstaffe." The " Comment on 
Tom Thumb," so attributed to Wagstaffe by a 
contemporary, is quoted in another tract included 
in the Miscellaneous Works, the " Letter from 
the Facetious Dr. Andrew Tripe at Bath to his 
Loving Brother, the Profound Greshamite," and 
in exactly the same way in which the writer might 
be expected to quote one of his own productions. 
Now the " Letter " itself bears every mark of 
having been written by a member of the medical 
profession, and who had an antipathy to Woodward 
on professional grounds. The technical terms, the 
details as to the cases and treatment of the small- 
pox, on inoculation for which disease it will be 
remembered Dr. Wagstaffe afterwards wrote a 
pamphlet, all clearly place it completely out of 
the category of works which can with any show 
of reason be attributed to Swift, who was also 
not in London at the time of its publication, and 
took no interest in the controversy. If, therefore, 
these two tracts, " The Comment upon Tom 
Thumb," and the " Letter from Dr. Andrew 
Tripe," are, on the grounds I have stated, to be 
fairly accepted as Wagstaffe's, why should any 

difficulty be made as to the remainder of the 
pieces included, or the general bona fides with 
which the collection was made be disputed? I 
think I could show pretty conclusively in almost 
every one of the remaining pieces, some decided 
objection sufficient to negative its being considered, 
at all events entirely, as a work of Swift ; but such 
an examination would extend my communication 
a much greater length than your limits could 
possibly allow. 

Your correspondent asks, " Who wrote the 
Memoir prefixed to the volume ? " I would 
answer, very probably Arbuthnot, with whom I 
have no doubt Wagstaffe had a strong bond of 
connection, being thoroughly imbued with the 
same political principles, a party writer on the 
same side at the same time, with the same pro- 
fessional likes and aversions, and in all respects 
one in whose memory and reputation Arbuthnot, 
as the survivor, might naturally feel interested. 

D. S. A. does not seem to be aware, otherwise 
I think he would have alleged it in support of 
his hypothesis, that some doubt exists as to whom 
the portrait prefixed to the volume is intended to 
represent. Nichols {Lit. Anec. vol. i. p. 325) at 
once accepts it as a portrait of the author, but 
Bromley (Cat. of Engraved Portraits, p. 300), 
describes it as " Edward King, nephew of Abel 
Roper, Printer." I find it prefixed to the " second 
edition corrected" of the Character of Richard 
Steele, Esq. (London : Printed by J. Morphew, 8 vo ; 
no date, but " 1713" supplied by the contemporary 
collector), under the portrait as originally issued 
is " Mr. Toby," and on one side " If. V. Gutch, 
sculp." In its second state, as prefixed to the Mis* 
cellaneous Works, " Mr. Toby " is omitted, and no 









3* A S. II. Aua 16, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



133 






name is given. In the concluding paragraph of 
the " Character " the writer observes : 

" As I am neither ashamed of my name or my Face, I 
shall oblige them with my Picture, as my Brother has 
done before me. I have the Honor, you know, to be a 
Member with him of the same Society of Short Faces, 
and we differ little in the lineaments of our Visage, not- 
withstanding we disagree in our opinions." 

It may be doubted, notwithstanding Mr. Toby's 
assertion, whether the " Picture " he " obliged " 
his readers with was the veritable phiz of the 
author of this bitter attack upon Steele, or a 
fanciful one in ridicule of Steele's own. The 
title-page to the Miscellaneous Works mentions 
" several Curious Cuts engraved on Copper," but 
says nothing of a portrait of the doctor. Why it 
was considered by Bromley to represent Abel 
Roper's Nephew, Edward King, I know not, un- 
less from his understanding Toby's claim of 
kindred to Abel in a literal instead of figurative 
manner. " Jas. Cbosslet. 



THE HALSEYS. 
(3 rd S. ii. 87.) 

Edmund Halsey's brewery was not at St. Al- 
bans ; but Edmund was the son of a St. Albans 
miller, from whom, on a quarrel, he ran away, 
went up to London, and took service as a labourer 
in the yard of the Anchor Brewery, Southwark, 
then belonging to Mr. Child. Halsey, by industry 
and integrity, rose to be chief clerk in the South- 
wark brewery, married his master's only child, 
and succeeded to the business. 

The business prospered. Mr. and Mrs. Ed- 
mund Halsey had one daughter, sole issue of the 
marriage. This little Anne went to school at 
Mademoiselle Pruelli's with Mary Granville, Lady 
Catherine Knollys, daughter of the self-styled 
Earl of Banbury, Lady Jane Douglas, subse- 
quently mother of the Duke of Douglas, whose 
illegitimacy was so stoutly asserted by the Hamil- 
tons, and Diana Bertie, Mrs. Oldfield's daughter, 
who afterwards married a peer, whose title I 
forget, but which some of your correspondents 
can, no doubt, supply. Little Anne Halsey was, 
ultimately, as successful as dashing Die Bertie, 
for the brewer's heiress married Viscount Cob- 
ham, that Richard Temple who was the friend 
of Pope, the creator of the gardens at Stowe, 
and whose " decayed carcase," according to Mrs. 
Pendarves, in 1739, " contained a spirit that was 
surprising." This Lord and Lady Cobham in- 
herited the brewery at Edmund Halsey's death. 

Before that death, however, Halsey had brought 
up from Offley, Herts, a poor nephew of his, 
named Ralph Thrale, — a handsome fellow, and as 
hard-working as he was good-looking. Ralph, in 
course of time, became manager of the brewery 
in Southwark, and saved a large amount of 



money. But he offended his uncle by marrying 
a lady whom that uncle would fain have had for 
his second wife, and the love-lorn widower left 
Ralph nothing at his death. Ralph, however, 
cared little for this. He had money and he had 
experience. With the former he purchased the 
brewery from Lord and Lady Cobham, and by 
means of the latter he increased the business, 
which passed at his death to his son Henry Thrale, 
who married Hester Salusbury, afterwards Mrs. 
Piozzi. At Henry Thrale's decease, the business 
was purchased by his two chief clerks — Barclay 
and Perkins. 

It will thus be seen, I think, that Edmund 
Halsey's property may have increased the com- 
forts of the Temple- Grenvilles, but did not found 
the provincial greatness of his namesakes, the old 
Halsey s of Gaddesden, a family of ancient standing 
and fortune, tempered in later years by the shadow 
of a great sorrow. 

Should this be of use to C. W. B., I will ask 
him, in return, to tell me, if he can, the name and 
title of Diana Bertie's husband. J. Doran. 

P.S.— A correspondent, D. (3 rd S. ii. 98) at- 
tributes to me the papers which appeared in the 
Gentleman s Magazine, on " Ulric von Hiitten." 
I wrote a paper on the subject in a Quarterly 
Review, but, however flattered I may be by D.'s 
supposition, I can lay no claim to the authorship 
of the excellent articles on Ulric, which appeared 
in the pages of the venerable Sylvanus. J. D. 



ASTROLOGY EXPLODED. 

(3 rd S. ii. 92.) 

To explode is originally to beat the hands to- 
gether in disapprobation ; as in pars plaudite ergo^ 
pars offensi explodite. In this sense it is hardly 
necessary to say what writers have exploded as- 
trology. But in the common use of the word — 
the active form of which is all but gone out — to 
be exploded is to be made obsolete. In this sense 
the question is not answerable. If astrology be 
obsolete, the explosion can hardly be traced to 
this or that writer ; if not, it is not exploded, and 
no writer has done it, because it is not done. 
Literally, it is not done : for some still believe in 
astrology ; but the fact is notorious that, as your 
correspondent himself says, they are "ignorant 
men into whose hands astrology has been chiefly 

thrown." 

The long and the short of it is that your corre- 
spondent, believing in astrology, thinks that it has 
not been refuted, and challenges the names of those 
who have refuted it. To this the answer is that 

no one has refuted it to him, and that various 

I will 



writers have refuted it to many others. 

answer for it he knows some of these last. 



But 



134 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



[S' d S. II. Aug. 1G, *62. 



ii may be feared that he wants to bring on the dis- 
cussion ; and this I hope you will not permit : your 
columns are not the proper place for it. A com- 
promise may easily be effected : you can admit 
that astrology has not been quite exploded ; and 
your correspondent will not deny that it has been 
pretty considerably blown up. It may also be 
acknowledged that many, nearly all, of those who 
actually cast figures by the old or new rules are not 
charlatans, not intentional deceivers : if deceiving 
others, they first deceive themselves. But it is 
pretty certain that most of those who make a 
trade of the thing are worse than charlatans, and 
really know little about the details which they 
pretend to use. 

I will add to your correspondent's list the fol- 
lowing : A New and Complete Illustration of the 
Celestial Science of Astrology. By E. Sibly, 

M.D., F.R.H.S. Twelfth edition, 1817. There are 
two octavo volumes, containing more than 1100 

pages. I cannot find this writer mentioned by 
Watt. The date of his preface is " the year of 
Masonry 5784," which I suppose to mean 1784, 
or thereabouts. The following will give an idea 
of the pretensions of the book, which is a remark- 
able book if it really went through twelve edi- 
tions. The owner of a privateer, which had not 
been heard of, called to know her fate. Dr. Sibly 
gave judgment on a figure " rectified to the pre- 
cise time the question was propounded." "The 
ship itself appeared well formed and substantial, 
but not a swift sailer, as is demonstrated by an 
earthy sign possessing the cusp of the ascendant, 
and the situation of the Dragon's Head in five 
degrees of the same sign." The ship itself was 
pronounced to have been captured. 

From the whole account it is clear that Dr. 



Sibly's system 
I do not know 



how now esteemed by astrologers 
has but this alternative. Either 



one and the same figure will tell the fate of all the 
ships which have not been heard of, including their 
sailing qualities, or the stars will never send an 
owner to ask for news except just at the moment 
when they are in a position to describe his parti- 
cular ship. M. 



ANCIENT SHIPS. 

(3 rd S. ii. 67.) 

Cowel says : " By stat. 28 Hen. VI. cap. v., Ja- 
lenger seems to be a kind of barge, boat, or water- 
vessel;" and he adds, "balenger rather signifies 
a man-of-war, tandem pene solus fugicns in Balin- 
gario. Walsingh., in R. 2, Hostes armaverunt quin- 

Jue vasa bellica qualia Balingarias appellamus" 
qu. the Old Fr. balenier, " vaisseau corsaire." 
Minsheu says: " Cock-boate ; Belg. kaghe-boot; 
Fr. coquet ; G. kahau, k forma galli nomen habet." 
Bayley renders cogga, coggo, " a sort of sea vessel 

or ship (Old Lat.); and coggle % cobble, a small 






fishing boat (country word)." Cowel says: 
41 Cogo (cogones) seems to be a kind of vessel or 
boat, upon the river Ouse and Humber, mentioned 
in Stat. 23 Hen. VIII. c. 18, also a small ship : 
for I find, in Maith. Westm. An. Dom. 1066, 
Venit ad hoc in Angliam (Rex Noricorum) tre* 
centis Coggonibus advectus. About Scarborough 
they have still a sort of small vessels, which they 
call coggles — the little cogs" And under coggle, 
he says : " Upon some of the sea-coasts in York- 
shire, a small fishing-boat is called a coggle, i. e. 
a little cogge ; and in some places, by corruption, 
a cobble — from the old Teuton kogge, a ship : 
whence the Lat. coggo, cogga, &c, anno 1066. 
Venit ad hoc, &c, &c. Mat West. sub. ann. Prce- 
paratis cogonibus, galleis et aliis navibus onera- 
riis — 600 naves, et 24 coggas bene prceparatas. 
Mat. Par. sub. ann. 1218. Hence our old Sax. 
cockede, a seaman ; called, in the Laws of King 
Henry /., c. 29, cocseti; and c. 81, cothseii. The 
old glossary to these laws, made in the reign of 
Edward III. interprets cocsade by cocarius, which 
Du Fresne seems to misunderstand for coquus, a 
cook ; whereas cocarius is indeed a coker or boat- 
man, from coca, coquia, a boat ; as, with little 
variation, a coggesuane, a cock-swain, now a cog' 
geson, or coxon t is an officer in a ship : hence the 
old Lat. cogcio, coccio, a wandering and begging 
seaman; which Sir H. Spelman (who rarely 
trifles) believes to have been so called from the 
Gr. kwAuw, lugeo, ploro. But the true name and 
orignal was cogciones, cog-men, or boatmen ; who, 
after shipwreck or losses by sea, travelled about 
to defraud the people by begging and stealing, 
till they were restrained by many civil and good 
laws : ut isti Mangones et Cogciones, qui sine 
omni lege vagabundi vadunt per istam terram, non 
sinantur vagari, et deceptiones hominibus agere. 
Vide Spelm. in voce, et Du Fresne" The word cog, 
or cock, seems to be from the D. kaag, a sort of 
ship. Cf. the Ir. coca ; It. cocca ; W. ewe ; Fr. 
caique, a skiff belonging to a galley ; Barb. Gr. 

kcuktj; Turcic, r>\», Icatk. Webster says: "Cock 

is aysmall boat. It is now called a cock-boat, which 
is tautology, as cock itself is a boat;" but tauto- 
logy is quite allowable in the present "age of 
progress," as it is called. Helebotes might be 
a corruption of eel-boats, or would translate 
" covered boats," from hele, to cover ; A.-S. helan ; 
L. celo. Farecosts were probably coasting boats ; 
boats that fared along the coasts. The origin of 
the word collet is doubtful. It might possibly 
be a diminutive of keel, a long sort of boat, in 
which the Saxons invaded England ; also the 
name of a low, flat-bottomed vessel, used in the 
Tyne, to convey coals from Newcastle for loading 
colliers ; from A.-S. ceol, a ship, small bark, 
vessel. Cf. Junius, under Cogge. 

Ii. S. Cuabnock, 












8* S. II. Aug. 16, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



135 



OLD PICTURES AND ALLUSIONS. 



(3 rd S. li. 87.) 

The anachronisms of painters, modern as well 
as ancient, are numerous almost beyond belief. 
(See " N. & Q." 2 nd S. iii. 65, 115, 193.) Most 
of them are the result of sheer ignorance of the 
times, persons, and things which are striven to be 
depicted. Not a few, however, of the works of 
art of early date which represent persons of the 
classic times, are illustrations of mediaeval ro- 
mances, in which the heroes and sages of Greece 
and Rome appear as characters. 

A notable instance of this occurs in the Lai 
cTArisiote, a thirteenth century poem by the 
trouvere Henri d'Andeli. According to this le- 
gend, Alexander the Great had a beautiful Indian 
Princess for a concubine, in whose society he 
spent much of the time which, in his tutor's 
opinion, ought to have been given to higher 
matters. Aristotle rebuked his pupil for this 
dalliance so sternly that he prevailed on him for a 
time to avoid the company of the fair damsel. 
The lady, however, soon regained her ascendancy 
over the conqueror, and prevailed upon him to 
confess to her the reason of his absence. When 
she knew the cause, her anger was great against 
the philosophical meddler, and determining upon 
revenge, she clad herself, at a suitable oppor- 
tunity, in her most attractive attire, and waylaid 
the Stagyrite, who, in spite of age, wisdom, and 
virtue, was so captivated by her, that in the most 
passionate language he pressed his love. The 
princess would not regard his suit except on the 
very hard condition that he should be saddled 
and bridled like unto an ass, and going on all 
fours should permit her to ride on his back round 
the royal garden. Aristotle of course agreed to 
these conditions, but in the midst of the ride was 
surprised by Alexander, who showed himself at a 
window and rebuked him for his folly. 

The allusion in the Analytical Magazine, if not 

to the above story, is no doubt to one of similar 
character. 

An elaborately carved ivory casket, probably 
not of later date than the fourteenth century, 
was exhibited before the Society of Antiquaries by 
its owner, Seth William Stevenson, Esq., F.S.A., 
on May 13, 1847, on a portion of the front of which 
this legend was to be seen. An engraving of 
this beautiful work of art may be found in the 
Journal of the Archaeological Association for 
October, 1849. On the authority of a paper by 
Thomas Wright, Esq., F.S.A., which illustrates 
this engraving, I may remark that this legend is 
to be found sculptured on the masonry of Lyons 
Cathedral, on the stalls at Rouen, and on a column 
of the church of St. Pierre at Rouen, where the 
mistress of the great conqueror is represented 
riding on the philosopher's back, " astride, with 
saddle and stirrups." K. P. D. E. 



De Costa the Waterloo Guide (3 rd S. ii. 
7, 51, 108.) — I write merely to point out a most 
unfortunate misprint in the date of my visit to 
Waterloo; but whether the fault is mine or the 
printer's I cannot tell, as I kept no copy of my 
note.* In my last at page 108 of U N, & Q.," my 
visit to Waterloo is stated to have been in 1822, 
instead of 1816. This date is very important, as 
the visit occurred in the year after the battle ; 
which circumstance adds much interest to the 
matters detailed in my communication, while it 
strengthens the case of the faithfulness of De 
Costa, which was the principal object of my com- 
munication. F. C. H. 

A Romance of Real Life (3 rd S. ii. 62.) 
In Jacob's Peerage, 1767, vol. ii. p. 205, it is 
stated that Francis, third Lord Guildford, 

" Married on the 16th June, a.d. 1728, Lucy, daughter 
of George, Earl of Halifax, by Ricarda Posthuma, daughter 
and sole heir of Richard Saltonstall, of Chippin Warden, 
in Northamptonshire, Esquire, and by her ladyship, who 
departed this life on the 7th of May, a.d. 1734, and was 
buried at Wroxton, had issue a daughter, Lucy, who 
died an infant, and was interred at Wroxton ; also a 
son, Frederick North, Lord North." 

Perhaps some correspondent of " N. & Q." 
will search the Wroxton parish register for the 

entry of the burial of the infant. 

George Rayson. 

Pulham. 

English Kings entombed in France (3 rd S. i. 
426.) — Notwithstanding the opinion of your cor- 
respondent W. D. (3 rd S. i. 498), that " The 
French did a foolish thing when they brought 
away the remains of Buonaparte from St. Helena," 
I think that the British nation would be success- 
ful in asking for the " Lion Heart " of Richard I. 
from Rouen, in exchange for the cancerous sto- 
mach of Napoleon the Great, which, after his 
decease, was sent to England from St. Helena, 
and deposited in the Museum of our Royal Col- 
lege of Surgeons, in London. It is disgraceful 
to us as a nation, and to the medical profession in 
particular, that this revolting object should be 
made a vulgar show of, in such company as is 
assigned to it in Bohn's Hand-Book to London, 
where, at page 719, we read : — " Here" (College 
of Surgeons) " are also the diseased intestines of 
Napoleon ; and the skeletons of several remark- 
able giants, dwarfs, and monsters, human and 
animal." M. D. 

Chess Legend (3 rd S. ii. 86.) — The first ques- 
tion is, what is the number of grains required : 
the answer is, 2 *-— 1, which gives 18447 with 
fifteen additional figures : then, assuming 33-£ 
grains to make a penny-weight, and 60 lbs. to be 
the weight of a bushel, the result is 4,803,906 
millions of quarters as equivalent to2 64 — 1 grains. 

[* Not a misprint, but a slip of the pen. — Ed.] 



136 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3* S. II. Aug. 16, '62. 



The next question is, what is the possible 
production of the earth if exclusiwly confined to 
wheat, on the assumption of a surface of 50 mil- 
lion square miles : the answer is, that each square 
mile containing 5760 acres, the total area will be 
288,000 millions of acres, and the produce, as- 
sumed at three quarters per acre, 5,184,000 mil- 
lions of quarters in six years, and therefore more 
than sufficient to fulfil the required terms. But 
the earth has not produced any such quantity, 
for it requires more than 800 million quarters 
annually for six thousand years to satisfy the 
terms demanded, namely, one <rrain for the first 
square, two for the second, four for the third, and 
the same duplicate ratio for the remaining sixty- 



four squares of the chess board. 



T. J. BUCKTON. 



Lichfield. 



Pope's Ode (3 rd S. ii. 90.) 



To sing this at 

churches. 



funerals was not peculiar to parish 
Nearly half a century ago I used to hear it in a 
country town, in which it was the regular funeral 
psalm of two dissenting congregations. One, In- 
dependent, of the type of 1662, ivhich was the 
date of the meeting-house ; the other, Unitarian. 
It was sung to a florid air, very much like a glee : 
in fact the well known glees, " Poor insect w and 
" Glorious Apollo," are much more like hymns. 
Those who wonder at this must remember that 
church and chapel music cannot be extemporised ; 
at least by dissenters. It is somewhat curious in 
the musical point of view, that those who adopt 
extempore prayer and preaching are precisely 
those who have rejected the only extempore de- 
votional music which exists. Where the psalms 
are chanted, any tolerable organist can throw off 
a new chant, and those who sing catch it at 
once : and this has been done often enough. But 
regular hymns must be known beforehand. I 
have more than once, in chapels in which the 
minister determines the psalm, heard the an- 



nouncement " I am sorry to say we have no tune 
for that, Sir," proceed from the singers' gallery. 

This necessity for set music may have the effect 
of an ordinance, by bringing about an equally 
powerful routine. At the first mentioned chapel 






there was a man of notoriously bad life, who died 
in trouble of conscience : his last expressions were 
more correctly to be called expectations than 
hopes; at least, so the rumour went. But the 
singers had nothing appropriate to a funeral ex- 
cept Pope's Ode; and Pope's Ode accordingly 
was sung over his remains : whereat those who 
objected to the general declaration in the esta- 
blished service were much scandalized. 

One thing brings on another. I remember 
that certain singers of a rather crack corps in an 
Independent chapel — but not the one mentioned 
above — had some defects in their execution 
which it was thought would be mended by their 



meeting in private to practice a few rounds and 
catches. Accordingly they tried their hands, 
inter alia, at the following, with much gravity : — 

M Hot collets! Hot collets I 
We boil! We boil! 
Come quickly ! Come quickly ( 
Or else we spoil ! " 

What are collets? I think I have the word 
right. Is this catch still known ? By whom 



is 



it? 






M. 
MoraL 



Tab Digbt Epitaph (3 rd S. ii. 6, 90.)— — , 
not mortal, is the word inscribed on the monu- 
ment. It was correctly given in the first Note 
(p 6) from the information of the vicar of Sher- 
borne. J. H. M. 

Unlucky Days (3 rd S. i. 176.)— With reference 
to the articles which have appeared in " N. & Q." 
on the subject of " Unlucky Days," I beg to for- 
ward a literal copy of a small paper on the sub- 
ject which I found in La Biblioth&que du Hoi, at 
Paris, in MS., No. 198, de Tanciens fond de Notre 
Dame, in the hope that it may interest some of 
the readers of your curious miscellany. 

• Ci commencent le$ .xxx. jorz perilleus de ran. 

" II a .xxx. iorz en Tan qui moult sont perilleus. Ce 
nos raconte li maistres des Cvrius.* Cil qui est enfersf 
en ces iorz garra a paines. Item, se fame gist de flz ou 
de tille en gesine il ne viura pas granment et se ii viuoit 
il seroit touziors poures de touz biens. Item, se home se 
marie en ces iorz li ou sa fame ne viuront gaires et se il 
viuent par auenture il ne s'entraroeront ia ne n'auront 
pais ensemble. Item, se il s'entrament par auenture il 
seront toziors poures et soffreteus. Item, se il vont en 
estrange terre il ne s'en venront en sante de lor cors ne 
de lor chastel. Item, en ces iors ne doit on vendre 
n'acheter ne edefier ne planter quar il ne puet profiter se 
poi non. Item, en jenuier en a .v. iours le premier, le 
secont, le quart, le sissieme, et le sessieme. En feurier 
en a .iij. le .xij. le .xv. le .xix. En marz en a .iiij. le sis- 
sieme, le sessieme, le .xv. et .xvij. En auril en a .ij. le 
.xv. et le . xvj. En mai en a .iij. le .xij. le .xvij. et le 
.xix. En juingen a .1 le.vj. En junanet [?]en a .ij. le 
.xv. et le .xvj. En setembre en a .L le .vj. En octobre 
en a .ij. le .xv. et le .xvij. En nouembre en a .iiij. En 
decembre en a .iij. le vj. le .vij. et le nueuieme. 



" Explicit^ 






L Editbur du Roman de Robert- 

LB-DlABLE. 

BibliothfcqueMe Caen, 31 Juillet, 1862. 

Blub and Buff (3 rd S. i. 472, 500; K. 34, 96.) 
Are not these colours entirely arbitrary ? They 






vary in different places, and even in the same 
place. In Norwich, for instance, during my re- 
membrance, the Whig colours were blue and 
white, and the Tory colours oranpe and purple. 
In the county of Norfolk, the polling place for 
which was in Norwich, the colours at the same 
time were, for the Tories, pink and purple, and 




riu$ t Cyrus, 
f Enfers, infirme, malade. (Celui qui est malade en 
ces jours aura grande peine a gu^rir.) 










3*8. II. Aug. 16, '62.]; 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



137 



for the Whigs, at one election, orange and blue, 
and at another orange and white ; and at one great 
fight for a single seat the Whig colour was green, 
and the Tory purple. In Ipswich, I believe, blue 
is the Tory colour. I have always understood the 
county colours, at all events, were the colours of 
the livery of the candidates. Would it not be 
worth while to record the party colours of different 
places for the edification of our successors, to 
whom such things will be entirely unknown, and 
many allusions unintelligible. In my younger 
days it was never said that a Norwich man was, 
or voted for, Tory or Whig, but that he was 
orange and purple, or blue and white. A. F. B. 

POMFRET, POUNTFREYT, OR PoNSFRACTUS (1 st S* 

ii. 56, 205; ix. 343.)— Several years ago there 
was a Query in your publication respecting the 
locale from whence Edward II. dated several do- 
cuments, which appear in Rymer's Fcedera as 
from Pountfreyt, or Pontem fr actum super Thamis\ 
I was at that time engaged in making researches 
about Shene, also on the Thames (the original 
Richmond), and I was very desirous to ascertain 
where this Pomfret could have been, but all my 
endeavours proved ineffectual, and I reluctantly 
relinquished the subject. Accidentally looking 
in Lysons's Environs of London, vol. iii., p. 423, 
Lond. 1795, I now discover, under " Stepney," a 
full answer to the original Query of " N. & Q." 
It there appears that John' Abel in 1323 died 
seized of the manor of Pountfreyt upon the 
Thames, and there is a long description how the 
property descended from John Abel. 

Although this is tardy information, still it is 
satisfactory, as it clears up a point long in sus- 
pense, and will stimulate myself, and perhaps 
others, not to be discouraged in their investiga- 
tions even under very unfavourable circumstances. 

Nil Desperandtjm. 

Tetbury, alias Tedbury. — Your correspondent 
Dubitans (3 rd S. i. 487), who inclines to think 
the original orthography of this place is rather 
equivocal, may find plenty of authorities for the 
d being customary, both in the spelling and pro- 
nunciation, in quondam times. Tetbury, as well 
as Malmesbury, four miles distant, were 300 years 
ago, celebrated for a good breed of horses for the 
chase. In the British Museum (Harl. Rolls, D. 
35) there is the valuation of the personal pro- 
perty of Robert Dudley, the great Earl of Leices- 
ter, who had married the Countess of Essex, and 
who died in 1588 at Wanstead House (where he 
had entertained Elizabeth). Of his horses, six 
only are pre-eminently noted, viz. : — 

£ s. d. 

"Bay Ley - - . - 26 13 4 

Bald Dakers - - - -1500 

Bay Tedburie - - - - 2 13 4 

Bald Tedburie - - - - 2 13 4 

Grey Tedburie - - - - 2 13 4 

Bay Malmsburie - - - 2 13 4" 



which shows the Tedbury horses were in the 
greatest estimation. The surface of the Cotswold 
Hills forms a fine champaign country for hunting, 
and at this day the neighbourhood is regularly 
hunted by the Duke of Beaufort, from Badmin- 
ton, within ten miles of Tetbury. 

Before I dismiss the Earl of Leicester, I may 
mention some particulars of his will. His personal 
property was valued at 29,820Z. His books form 
the most moderate item in the detail of his valu- 
ables, they consisting simply of an old Bible, As. ; 
the Acts and Monuments, old and torn, 3s. 4d. ; 
Eight Psalters, 5s. 4d. ; and a Service Book, Is., 
the whole library having been priced at 13$. Sd.l* 
It seems to have been upon a par with that of the 
Licencie Sedillo f , which he so generously be- 
queathed to Gil Bias. Except his collection of 
books, every thing about the earl was splendid ; 
and so sumptuous was his funeral that it cost 
4000Z., an enormous sum considering the value of 
money in Queen Elizabeth's reign. 2. 3. 

Medal of Admiral Vernon (3 rd S. ii. 70.) 
I have two of these medals, one which was 
ploughed up in a field in this neighbourhood about 
three years ago, much corroded, but having dis- 
cernible on one side, a portly figure, in uniform, 
a sword in his hand, at his back a ship, in front of 
him a cannon and a town, underneath which is 

the only remaining portion of 



OF THE BLUE. 



"HAVANA .... 

the superscription is " ve 

On the reverse are six ships, three forts, and a town. 

The portion of the superscription discernible is 

44 TOOK PORTO .... SIX . . . ." 

The other medal, which is in excellent preserva- 
tion, has on one side a figure with a truncheon in his 
hand, at his back a ship, in front a cannon. The 
superscription — " the British glory revived 
by admiral vernon." On the reverse six ships, 
large, three forts, and a town, and three ships, 
small, in distance. The superscription and date 
the same as those mentioned by C. J. R. 

C. E. Birch. 

Picture of the Reformers (3 rd S. ii. 87.) 
H. C. F. (Herts), may be glad to know that an 
engraving similar to the picture he inquires after 
was published in a modernised and abridged edi- 
tion of Foxe's Martyrology, in one vol. folio, to- 
wards the end of the last century. The book is a 
worthless one, but I never saw but one copy, and 
that in a library now dispersed, otherwise I would 
have endeavoured to furnish your correspondent 
with a more satisfactory description of the book. 

Grime. 

Archjepiscopal Mitres (2 nd S. viii. 248 ; ix. 
67, 188, 295.) — May I add a few particulars to 
those already given on this subject? Your 

[* These were probably the only books at Wanstead 
House, and not the whole of the Earl's library. — Ed.] 
f Histoire de Gil Bias, livre second, chap. ii. 



138 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8*4 S. II. Aug. 1G, '62. 



correspondent, G., mentioned that in the print of 
It. White representing Abp. Sancroft and his col- 
leagues, the remaining six bishops, a mitre sur- 
rounded by a Marquis f coronet, is placed over the 
arms of the Archbishop. At the soirSe given by 
the Incorporated Law Society a few weeks back, 
I saw a portrait of Abp. Sancroft, by D. Loggan, 
from life, dated 1680, the mitre over the arms in 
this print had no coronet at all. A portrait by 
J. Savage, in the same room, of Abp. Tennison, 
displayed a mitre rising from a Marquis's coronet. 
A few days ago I saw nn engraving of Abp. Til- 
lotson, by P. Vanderbank, after Maria Beal, which, 
like the print by R. White, alluded to by G., had 
a mitre with a marquis's coronet over the arms. 
A day or two later I saw a portrait of Abp. Laud, 
by R. White, but here the mitre was represented 
without any coronet. As regards foreign mitres, 
I may mention that a short time since I received 
a marriage certificate, signed by the Cardinal Abp. 
of Florence. At the top of the certificate were 
engraved the arms of the see with their accom- 
paniments, and there the mitre was depicted with- 
out any coronet whatever. The only thing in fact 
to show that it was an archiepiscopal atchievement 
was the presence of the crosier instead of the pas- 
toral staff. 

J. W. mentions that the tiara of a patriarch is 
decorated with two coronets, but gives no autho- 
rity for the statement. Now it is well known that 
anciently even the tiara of the Pope was plain, the 
first coronet being added by John XIII., the 
second by Boniface VIII., and the third by Bene- 
dict XIII. Had it been an ancient custom for 
Patriarchs to use a mitre with two coronets, surely 
the mitres of the earlier Archbishops of York 
would have been so represented, for Dean Hook, 
in his Church Dictionary, mentions the Abp. of 
York as one of the thirteen Patriarchs of the early 
ages of the church, and until about 1466 all the 
bishops of Scotland were consecrated by and sub- 
ject to them. Afterwards the Archbishops of 
Canterbury became Patriarchs, and in the times of 
William I. and his immediate successor were de- 
clared to be metropolitans of the churches of Eng- 
land, Scotland, and Ireland. At this time the 
style of the Primate was Patriarch and Orbis Bri- 
tannici Pontifex, and official documents under his 
hand ran anno Pontificatus nostri primo, secundo, 
&c. See Burn's Eccl. Law. Yet notwithstand- 
ing all this, no instance earlier than the time of 
Abp. Sheldon can be found of any coronet bein 
added to the archiepiscopal mitre. J. A. Pit. 



or 



Thb Potato (3'* S. ii. 83.) — Mount Car- 
tago, about sixty miles south of St. Juan de 
Nicaragua (or Grey Town), is said to produce 
the potato indigenously. Can it possibly have 

been the locality whence the esculent was brought 
to England P . A . L 



Quotation (3 rd S. ii. 47.) — K. will find by 
reference to Longfellow's Ladder of St. Augustine, 
that the American poet is, no doubt, the "one who 
sings " alluded to by Tennyson, though the image 

itself is due to St. Augustine. Longfellow's verses 
begin : 

"St. Augustine! well hast thou said, 
That of our vices we can frame 
A ladder, if we will but tread 

Beneath our feet each deed of shame." 

St. Augustine's words are " De vitiis nostris 
scalam nobis facimus, si vitia ipsa calcamus." (Ser- 
mon III., De Ascensione.) 

C. G. P. 

Carlton Club. 

Bishops in Waiting (2* S. vii. 359.) — While 
turning over an old volume of 44 N. & Q.," I came 
on this, so far as I can find, hitherto unanswered 
Query. In reply to Colonist, I would say that 
all bishops as such take precedence of barons of 
the realm. This includes the junior English 
bishop, the Bishop of Sodor and Man, the Irish, 
Scottish, and colonial bishops. The precedence 
of a bishop has now nothing to do with his barony, 
as in that case, the Bishops of Gloucester, Bristol, 
Peterborough, Oxford, and Chester would not 
rank with the other bishops, as they have no 
baronies. A bishop is a spiritual peer, and is 
equally entitled to the prefix 44 Lord " whether he 
has a seat in the House of Lords or not. 

J. A. Pn. 

Precedence op Deans, etc. (2 nd S. vii. 359.) 
I would recommend Sax to consult Dean Hook's 
Church Dictionary. J. A. Pn. 

Sou* h-Sba Stock (2 ttd S. x. 7.) — G. A. S. L. 
asks for information respecting the holders of 
South-Sea Stock from 1711 to 1720; as his 
Qutry seems to have met with no reply, I beg to 
inform him, that I have a list of nearly 20,000 
holders of said stock ; and that I shall be pleased 
to give him any particular information therefrom 
that he may desire. D. M. Stevens. 

Guildford. 

Great Scientific Teacher (3 rd S. ii. 104.)- 






The "Great Scientific Teacher" is Auguste Comte. 
The passage will be found translated in Comte's 
Philosophy of the Sciences, by G. H. Lewes, p. 88. 
The following is one sentence : — 

" To minds early familiarized with true philosophical 
astronomy, the heavens declare no other glory than that 
of Hipparchus, of Kepler, of Newton, and of all those 
who have aided in establishing their laws." 

S.F. 



The Marrow Controversy (3 rd S. 






10, 



54.) — A recent account of this controversy will 
be found in the British and Foreign Evangelical 
Review, vol. ii. London, Nisbet & Co. Biogra- 
phies of the "Marrow Divines" are given in a 
book entitled Gospel Truth accurately stated and 



9* S. II. Aug. 16, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUEKIES. 



139 



illustrated, Glasgow, Blackie, Fullarton & Co., 
1831. The controversy turned upon free grace, 
and assurance of salvation. The names of the 
leading ministers, who defended the celebrated 
book — Fisher s Marrow of Divinity, with Notes by 

Hog — were James Hog, Thomas Boston, 

Bonar, John Williamson, Kid, Gabriel Wil- 
son, Ebenezer Erskine, Ralph Erskine, James 
W r ardlaw, Henry Davidson, James Bathgate, 
William Hunter. Their chief opponent was Prin- 
cipal Hadow, of St. Andrew's University. See 
Wodrow's Correspondence, published by the Wod- 
row Society ; and Boston's Memoirs. 

D. C. A. Agnew. 

Alan de Galloway (3 rd S. ii. 7.) — The family 
name of Alan, Lord of Galloway, was M'Dowall, 
or M'Douall. One branch of his descendants is 
represented by the Marquis of Bute, and another 
branch by Colonel M'Douall of Logan, Wigtown- 
shire. See Nisbet's Heraldry (1722), vol. i. 
p. 288. D. C. A. Agnew. 

Wigtown, N.B. 

The "Name of Jesus" (3 rd S. ii. 84.) — The 
Feast of the "Name of Jesus" was one of those 
retained in the Calendar of the Book of Common 



Prayer from the Catholic Ritual. It occurs on 
the 7th of August in the Books of Hours of the 
Sarum Use ; and is given in the Latin Calendar 
inserted by Mr. Maskell in his Monumenta Ritualia 
Ecclesice Anglicance, vol. ii., from an Enchiridion 
ad usum Sarum, printed at Paris in 1530 ; where 
we read, " Aug. vi. Transfiguratio Domini ; Aug. 
vn. Festum Nominis Jesu." The Feast of the 
Holy Name of Jesus was granted by Pope Cle- 
ment VIII. to the Franciscan Order in 1530, to 
be celebrated on the 14th of January; but by 
Innocent XIII., it was appointed, in 1721, to be 
kept by the whole Church on the Second Sunday 
after Epiphany, which has ever since been ob- 
served. The Feast of the 7th of August appears 
to have been peculiar to England. But when St. 
Paul declares that every knee shall bow at the 
adorable name of Jesus, no one may presume to 
surmise that this festival encouraged the mere 
worship of a name. F. C. H. 

" Ignorance is the Mother of Devotion " 
(3 Td S. ii. 105.) — This assertion was made, in a 
great disputation had at Westminster, by Dr. 
Cole, who was a strenuous supporter of Roman 
Catholic doctrines. F. Fitz Henry. 

Soul-Food ; Pot-baws (3 rd S. ii. 76, 116.) 
At the beginning of the well-known Lancashire 
Dialect, the author complains "Pot-baws are 
scant, and dear is seawl and cheese." My edi- 
tion (1793) contains a glossary said by the editor 
to comprehend 800 words more than any other of 
the same kind, and therein the word " seawl " is 



interpreted " Wet stuff, &c. to eat with bread. 
A.-S." The latter letters signify it to be de- 
rived from the Anglo-Saxon. There is very 
little doubt that Webster is correct, and that its 
original is the Anglo-Saxon sufel or suful. Bos- 
worth gives these words as the translations from 
the Vulgate of" opsoniuni" and " pulmentarium." 
(S. John, xxi. 5, and Deut. xv. 14.) Holloway 
gives " Sool, Sowl, anything eaten with bread. 
North." It is, however, curious that the copious 
Lancashire Glossary does not give the etymology 
of the first doubtful word, " pot-baws." Can the 

readers of " N. & Q." inform us what is riieant 

by this phrase ? A. A. 

Poets' Corner. 

Marauder (3 rd S. ii. 105.) — Richardson leaves 
the derivation undecided. He says : 

"Menage notices the derivation of this word from a 
Comte Merodes, who commanded in the armies of Fer- 
dinand II., but Duchat shows that it existed long before. 
... It is not improbably formed upon the verb to ?nar. 9i 

It has often struck me that a small but inter- 
esting volume might be compiled of words derived 
from proper names of men, places, &c. ; ]e.g. 
Mausoleum, Myrmidon, Solecism, Pindaric, Pas- 
quinade, Assassin, Lambiner. (See Hallam, Lit. of 
Europe, i. 486.) Trepan (if from Trapani), Donat, 
&c. &c. They might be counted by hundreds, if 
not thousands. Francis Trench. 

Islip Rectory. 

Catamaran (3 rd S. i. 403, &c.) — It is true 
the large boat that lands passengers from ships 
through the three dreaded lines of surf at Madras 
is called the " massoullah boat," but I have 
always heard from old Indians that the little 
canoes, made of one piece of wood, which go out 
to ships as soon as they arrive with fresh fruits, 
&c, and which accompany the massoullah boat in 
case of a capsize, are called catamarans. I how- 
ever feel a little doubt as to your correspondent's 
derivation of the word, for of all animals cats 
dread the water the most, and are the most help- 
less in it. A. A. 

Poets' Corner. 

Literature of Lunatics (3 rd S. i. 451, 500; 
ii. 76.) — Christopher Smart, the contemporary 
and friend of Johnson, Garrick, and Charles Bur- 
ney, and author of that bitter satire, The Hilliad, 
composed in 1763, whilst confined in a mad-house, 
his " Song to David" — a composition as regular 
in its design and execution, as sublime in its 
matter and spirit. Being deprived of writing 
materials by his keepers, lest attempts at compo- 
sition should aggravate his complaint, the unfor- 
tunate poet was obliged to convert a key into a 
stylus, with which he indented his verses on the 
walls of his prison-chamber, and afterwards shaded 
them off with a rough piece of charcoal. The 

three concluding stanzas of this remarkable song 



140 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[8** S. II. Aug. 16, '62. 



afford a good criterion as well of our author's 
poetical powers as of the perfect sequence of his 
ideas : — 

" Glorious the sun in mid career. 
Glorious the assembled fires appear, 

Glorious the comet's train ; 
Glorious the trumpet and alarm, 
Glorious th' Almighty's outstretch'd arm, 

Glorious the enraptured main ! 

" Glorious the northern lights astream, 
Glorious the song when God's the theme, 

Glorious the thunder's roar ; 
Glorious Ilosanna from the den, 
Glorious the Catholic Amen, 
( i lorious the martyr's gore ! 

u Glorious — more glorious — is the crown 
Of Him that brought Salvation down, 

By meekness, call'd Thy Son : 
Thou that stupendous truth believ'd, 
And now the matchless deed's achiev'd, 
Determined, dared, and done ! * 

The most extraordinary instance, I ever heard of 
was that of a celebrated botanist who went out of 
his mind, and fancied he had been travelling in 
heaven ; and sate down to write The Flora and 
Fauna of Paradise, illustrated with drawings. I 
have forgotten the name, but was told it exhibited 
wonderful genius and imagination, of course both 
strangely perverted. Is anything known of the 
work or its author ? A. A. 

Poets' Corner. 



fHtecrllanrau*. 

- 

NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC. 

A Dictionary of the Bible, comprising Antiquities, Bio* 
graphy, Geography, and Natural History. By various 
Writers. Edited by William Smith, LL.D. Farts VII. 
VII L and IX. ( M urray. ) 

1 The three Parts of this extremely valuable Dictionary, 
which we have now to notice, very nearly complete the 
first volume. Another Part will do so; and the pur- 
chasers of the work issued in the present convenient 
form will then be in possession of all that has yet been 
published. We do not know what are Mr. Murray's in- 
tentions with respect to the issue of the second volume, 
but looking upon the present Dictionary as being almost 
indispensable to every clergyman and student in divinity, 
we trust he will be induced to go on at once with the 
system of a monthly issue of Parts ; and not wait until 
the volume, in its complete form, is ready for delivery. 
We make this appeal on behalf of the numerous hard- 
working and indifferently remunerated clergymen, who 
find several small payments more convenient than one 
large one. 

The Intellectual Observer. Review of Natural History, 
Microscopic Research, and Recreative Science*. Parts I V. 
V. VI. and VII. (Groombridge & Sons.) 

This cheap and beautifully illustrated scientific Journal 
gets even better as it proceeds. It is full of variety ; and 
while so arranged as to please the student who "desires 
information in an easy and popular form, contains matter 
calculated to interest and instruct those who have made 
themselves masters of the deep things of science. 



T7ie Book of Days. A Miscellany of Popular Antiqui- 
ties in Connection with the Calendar, including Anecdote, 
Biography, and History, Curiosities of Literature, and 
Oddities of Human Life and Character. Parts V. 9 VI, 
and VII. (W. & K. Chambers.) 

If we must still give a preference to Hone's Everyday 
Book for the beauty of its woodcut illustrations, and a 
comparison between them and those in the work before 
us is greatly to the disadvantage of The Book of Days, 
the latter compilation has an increased claim to public 
favour in the large measure of novelty introduced into 
it, in the shape of Anecdoticai Biography, Curiosities of 
Literature, and Oddities of Human Life'and Character. 
With a range of subjects of such popular interest, and 
such long experience as they have had in catering for 
the public taste, it would be strange indeed if Messrs. 
Chambers failed in producing a work well calculated to 
amuse as well as instruct a very large class of readers. 

Routledge f s Illustrated Natural History. By the Rev. 

J. G. Wood, M.A., FX.S. Parts XXXIX., XL., and 
XLI. (Routledge.) 

In the Parts before us, which are as fully and strikingly 
illustrated as their predecessors, Mr. Wood concludes his 
account of Fishes, and proceeds to give us the Natural 
History of the Invertebrate Animals ; and many a young 
conchologist and every admirer of beautiful shells will 
be pleased with Mr. Wood's account of those marvellous 
structures and the wonderful organisms by which they 
are formed and inhabited. 



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Particular! of Price, kc. of the following Books to be tent direct to 
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By Thomas Faulkner. 

Wanted by Mr.' Septimus Piesse, Chiswick. 

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fiatittfi t0 C0rrftfp0ntient<i. 









Dr. Rimbault's article on The Statue of George I. in Leicester Square 
is unavoidably postponed until next week. 

A You mo 8tcdbnt. Certainly. See our Reply to a Gbhbral Reads a 
in " N. St Q." of the \9th ult., where toe distinctly state, that " N;. & Q.," 
while intend d to assist the literary man in his studies is equally intended 
to assist the general pubic in obtaining solutions to those iw/utrirs which 
suggest themselves to all classes of rentiers, whether those inquiries refer 
to allusions, quotations, forgotten a urn lutes, obscure phrases, or any other 
of those many Queries which the careful perusal of any book, worth 
reacting, necessarily gives rise to. Let us arid, too, as you request such in- 
formution, that there is no charge for the insertion of any Queries. 

Gib aldus Cam h urn sis. We have received the second volume of this 
important work, edited by the Rev. J. S. Brewer. It wilt he noticed in 
thr account which we propose shortly to lay before our readers of the 
valuable Series of Historical Publications issued wuler the direction oj 
the Master of the Rolls. 

Thkta, M.D. Where can we forward a letter to this correspondent t 

R. I. The Rev. Thomas Wilson is not the author of any dramatic 
compositions, although he introduced theatrical representations into the 

Clitheroe grammar school. Men and Women of Frauce, 3 vols. 8vo, 

1864, in translated, with additions and omissions, from the Galeric de 

Portraits ofArseneHoussaye We have not been able to t race The 

Oxford Miscellany. 8vo, 1795. The masque called •• The Triumph of 
Friendship," is not in The 8tudent, 8vo, 1793-4, 8 vols. 

H. W. C. The last edition of the Works of Jonathan Richardson, 
painter and art critic, was printed at Strawberry Hill in 1791 v 4to. 

W. will find the origin of the word Puritan in Kares's Glossary, ami in 
D* Israeli's Quarrels of Authors, p. 297. 

En rata. — 3rd 8. ii. p. 56, col. ii. line 16, for "sheet preface " read 
u short preface i" p. II*, col ii. line 11 from bottom, for "Plymouth" rea d 
" Plympton." 

"Noras and QuBRias*' is published at noon on Friday, and is also 
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Six Months forwarded direct from the Publishers (including the Half- 
yearly Indbx) is lis. 4d., which may be paid by Post Office Order in 
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44 The study of our early ecclesiastical history has by some been con- 
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V. The Good Daughter. 
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Flesh. 
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XII. 
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XV. 

XVI. 

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Sins of the Tongue. 

Youth and Age. 

Chri»t our Rest. 

The Slavery of Sin. 

The Sleep of Death. 

David's Sin our Warning. 

The Story of St. John. 

The Worship of the Sera- 
phim. 

Joseph an Example to the 
Young. 

Home Religion. 

The Latin Service of the 

Romish Church. 



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Contents 



No. 33. — August ICth. 



NOTES: — Whittington and his Cat— Accession of Henry 
VI. — William, Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion — Anato- 
lian Folk Lore. 






Minob Notes: — Francis Bacon, Baron Verulara — The 

Bonaparte Family Register — A Book Inscription — Post- 
age Stamps. 

QUERIES: — Armagh Cathedral — Death by the Sword 
in England — The Earth a living Creature — Farrant — 
Goodhind Family — The Graceless Florin and the Potato 
Disease — Bishop Hurd's Letters — King and Queen of 
Kingue-faire : Mac-Mahon — Who was Duke of Orleans in 
the Reign of Louis XII. P — Professor Mansel's Allusion — 
Rood Lofts — Monument in Westminster Abbey — Pho- 
tography — Quotation — St. Thomas's Hospital — School 
Discipline — n Surun," Battle-cry of the Moguls— Wright's 
" Louthiana." 

Queries with Answers: — Sir Robert Mackreth — "Ha- 
sher's "Body of Divinity " — Council of Forty — " Cock and 
Bell" — Nef — Bishop Edmund Gheast. 



REPLIES: —News of Napoleon's Escape from Elba — 
Dean Swift and Dr. Wagstafife — The Halseys — Astro- 
logy Exploded — Ancient Ships — Old Pictures and Allu- 
sions— be Costa the Waterloo Guide — A Romance of 
Real Life — English Kings entombed in France — Chess 
Legend — Pope's Ode— The Digby Epitaph —Unlucky 
Days — Blue and Buff— Pomf ret, Pountfreyt, or Pons- 
fractus — Tetbury, alias Tedbury — Medal of Admiral 
Vernon — Picture of the Reformers — Archieniscopal 
Mitres— The Potato — Quotation — Bishops in Waiting 

— Precedence of Deans, Ac. — South-Sea Stock — Great 
Scientific Teacher — The Marrow Controversy — Alan de 
Galloway — The " Name of Jesus " — " Ignorance is the 
Mother of Devotion " — Soul-food : Pot-baws — Marauder 

— Catamaran — Literature of Lunatics. 

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AS EXEMPLIFIED IN THE HISTORY OF 

"WHITTINGTON AND HIS CAT;" 

Being an attempt to rescue that interesting story from the region of 
Fable, and to place it in its proper position in the legitimate 

history of this country. 

By the REV. SAMUEL LYSONS, M.A., F.S.A., &c &c. 

Rector of Rod mast on. Gloucestershire, 

Author of** The Romans in Gloucestershire,*' 

44 Claudia and Pudens," a Tale of the First Century, &c. &c. 









44 Antiquaries are often accused of talcing delight in rudely dissipating 
our most favourite illusions. Here is a work of quite another sort, and 
that which many generations have been content to enjoy as fable is now 
set before us as very probable history ." — Literary Examiner. 



" At a time when historic doubts are fashionable, and almost all 
early records are treated as mythical, it is a comfort to find the process 
occasionally reversed, and a well-known myth proved to be au historical 
truth. This is what has been done with much zeal and ability in the 
case of the nursery legend of 'Whittinzton and his Cat,* by the Rev. 
Samuel Lysons."— Sat unlay Review, Feb. 13, 1861. 

14 We feared that all the recollections connected with the pleasant 
reading of our childhood were about to be destroyed, and all our trea- 
sured memories to be sacrificed to some new form of the withering in- 
fluence of modern historical scepticism. The Cat, we supposed, would 
be the first victim. Nothing of the kind. The great incident of the 
Cat in made so probable by Mr. Lysons's investigations, that it can no 
longer be reasonably doubted. "—Colburris New Monthly Magazine. 

London : HAMILTON, ADAMS, & CO., 38, Paternoster Row. 






3** S. II. Aug. 23, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



141 






LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 23, 1862. 



CONTENTS— No. 34.' 

NOTES : — Richard Baxter, 141 — Lowndes's Bibliogra- 
pher's Manual : Notes on the New Edition, No. III., 142— 
Age of Macklin the Comedian, 143 — The Marquis of Wor- 
cester, 144. 

Minob Notes : — Kentish Proverb — The Last Charge at 
Waterloo — Manning's " Surrey " — Legal Blunders — Her- 
borisation in the Environs of London — "The Septuage- 
narian," 144. 

QUERIES : — Edward Layfield, D.D., 1636—1680, 145. — 
Armagh Public Library— "Epheraerides Rerum Natura- 
lium " — Henry Fielding : — Sir Henry Gould— Lines ad- 
dressed to George III. — J. B. Greuze — Poem upou Lady 
Jane Grey — Heraldic — Bishop Juxon — " Life of Robert, 
Earl of Leicester " — The Mayor of Gal way — Henry Mud- 
diman, the Newswriter — National Anthems — Dr. Parr's 
Vernacular Sermon — " Quare," &c. — Schiller — Tailors — 
" A Tour through Ireland," 1748 — " The Trimmer " — The 
Turnspit Dog, 146. 

Qu fries with Answees :— Thomas Potter — Parson 
Whalley's Walk to Jerusalem — " The Trimmer " — Cache- 
cache, Anglicb Hide-and-seek — Cluverius, Printed by El- 
zevir — Ugo Foscolo — Jacob Zevecotius — Dramatic, 149. 

REPLIES : — Statue of George I. in Leicester Square, 150 — 
Customs in the County of Wexford, 152— Execution of the 
Marquis of Argyle, lb. — Naval Uniform, 154 — The " Name 
of Jesus," lb. — The Duke of Wellington and Lady Hol- 
land — " The Fanne of the Faithful " — Napoleon's Escape 
from Elba— Joan of Arc — Bara — Premature Inter- 
ments — John de Costa, the Waterloo Guide — Modern 
Astrology — " And in Berghem's pool reflected " — Hinch- 
liff Family — Board of Trade — Sir Thomas Sewell — Pota- 
toes, Introduction of— British-born Emperor— Dr. Johnson 
at Oxford — Milton — Poisoning by Diamond Dust — A 
Wrestler — English Refugees in Holland, 155. 



RICHARD (BAXTER, 

Recently, at Kidderminster, I have been making 
researches into the connection of Richard Baxter 
with that town; and I shall be glad of further 
information on one or two points. The portrait 
of Baxter, preserved in Dr. Williams's library, 
and recently exhibited at the Archaeological Meet- 
ing at Worcester, is that which is mentioned in 
Nash's Worcestershire, as being in the possession of 
"Mr. Benjamin Fawcet," who was an Independent 
minister of Kidderminster. It then became the 
property of his son, the Rev. Samuel Fawcet, also 
an Independent minister. After this I lose trace 
of it, unless it immediately passed into the posses- 
sion of Dr. Williams. Perhaps Mr. Albert Way 
could enlighten me on this point ? An etching of 
the portrait is given in Nash, and it was well en- 
graved in mezzotint by J. Spilsbury, August 1, 
1763. It has also been engraved in The Evan- 
gelical Magazine for the present month (August); 
but, in the letter-press, the Rev. George Dance, 
the vicar of Kidderminster in Baxter's time, is 
wrongly called " one Drance." 

Nash mentions a second original portrait of 
Baxter as having been " in the possession of the 
late Rev. Thomas Doolittel, M.A., till the year 
1707, and from that time in the hands of his 



grandson, Samuel Sheafe of London, 1763." What 
has become of this portrait ? I have not (as yet) 
been able to identify it with either of the portraits 
of Baxter preserved at Kidderminster in the 
vestry of the parish church, and in the vestry of the 
Independent chapel. (In the latter place, Bax- 
ter's communion-table is also preserved ; in the 
former, Baxter's chair, once in the possession of 
the said Rev. T. Doolittel, who was a Kiddermin- 
ster man.) These two portraits are bearded. 
That in the parish church vestry bears the in- 
scription, " Richardus Baxter, S.T.P., setatis- suse 
75, anno 1690." The engraved portrait of Bax- 
ter by " R. White, delin. et sculp.," bears date 
" An. 1677, aetatis suae 62." It has no beard, but 
merely a moustache and tip, as in the Fawcet 
picture. The inference, therefore, appears to be 
that Baxter did not wear his beard until the 
latest period of his life. May we be warranted in 
concluding that the Fawcet picture represents 
Baxter as he appeared when in his prime at Kid- 
derminster ? 

From Baxter's own pen, we learn that his house 
looked upon the market-place of Kidderminster ; 
and this we know to have been the High Street, 
in which, up to a recent period, the market was 
held, and where indeed it is still partially held. 
This, however, only decides the street in which 
the house was located. Whereabouts in this 
street was the house ? From my boyhood I was 
always told that the second house above the Town 
Hall, in High Street, was Baxter's house. There 
is abundant traditionary evidence to this effect, 
and the house is annually visited by hundreds of 
inquiring strangers. I wish to know if there is 
any documentary evidence to show that Richard 
Baxter lived in this house, or must we search for 
another house in the High Street? I have traced 
the changes in the proprietorship of "Baxter's 
house," from the present time up to 1769, when 
it was purchased by a Mr. Powell from Nicholas 
Harbeck and Mary his wife. Its prior history I 
am unable to discover. The house is of consider- 
able antiquity, but was so shamefully modernised 
in 1848-9, that, save in the uppermost story, and 
in the dimensions of the rooms on the second 
floor, little remains to show us what the house was 
like in Baxter's day. Fortunately, I have pre- 
served a sketch of its exterior prior to its destruc- 
tive alteration in 1849. Is any othfer similar 
sketch (published or otherwise) known to be in 
existence ? I cannot hear of one. 

About the year 1730, a John Baxter, then 
about sixty years of age, was land-steward to the 
Foleys. Was this John Baxter of kin to Richard? 
Was he a younger brother of, or related to, Bax- 
ter's nephew, William Baxter, Master of the Mer- 
cers' School, London, who was " a man of distin- 
guished parts ? " It seems not improbable that 
the Foley of that day, as Baron of Kidderminster, 




142 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



[3 rd S. II. Aug. 23, '62. 



would feel an interest in the connection with the 
town of the great Puritan divine, and, out of 
respect to him, may have employed one of his con^ 
nections as land-steward to the Foley estates. 

At p. 18 of vol. vi. of the 1* S. of " N. & Q," 
your correspondent, Me. Bealbt, gives the title 
of a theological work by B. Baxter, minister of the 
gospel at Upton- on-Severn, in the county of Wor- 
cester, "but now removed, with a Preface by 
Richard Baxter, 1666." Were these Baxters re- 
lated to each other and to John Baxter ? But 
the name was not uncommon ; for, in his Life and 
Times, Baxter mentions a namesake of his own, 
who " was sent to gaol for refusing the oath of 
allegiance, and it went for current that it was I." 
(" N. & Q.," 1 S. ii. 206.) 



CUTHBERT BEDE. 



LOWNDES'S BIBLIOGRAPHER'S MANUAL. 



5 NEW EDITION. 



NOTES ON 

(Continued from 3 rd S. ii. p. 103.) 

No. III. 

Bellendenus (G.), De Statu Prisci Orbis. Paris, 
1615. 4°. 

This edit, is omitted. Some copies, I believe, bear the 
date of 1616. Bindley had editions, at any rate, of both 

dates. 

Beilot (James), The French Grammar. Lond. 
1578. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy is in the Bodleian. 

Belou (Peter), The Mock Duellist, or the French 
Vallet; a Comedy. Load. 1675. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy is in the Bodleian. 

Benlowes (E.), Theophila. Lond. 1651. Folio. 

This article is merely introduced to notice the circum- 
stance that Nassau's copy was the same as Bindley's, 
but with additional plates. 

Threno-Thriambeuticon. Lond. 1660. 



4°. Two sheets. 

Omitted. Dr. Bandinel had a copy printed on silk. 

Bevis of Hampton. 

There was an edit by W. de Worde, and another in 
1662. Neither is noticed here. A fragment of the for- 
mer, and a copy of the latter, are in the Bodleian. 

Bisse (James, M.A.) Two Sermons preached, the 
one at Pauie s Crosse, the 8 of Januarie, 1580, 
the other at Christe's Church in London, the 
same day in the after-noone. Lond. 1585. 
16°. Again n. d. 16°. Herbert possessed 
both editions, but observes that Mr. Ames's 
copy had a prayer at the end by Nich. Hem- 
ming, which was wanting in both of his. 

Omitted. 

Boccaccio (Gio.), The Falls of Princes, Lond. by 
John Waylande, n. d. Folio. 

The circumstance that there were two editions from 






Wayland's press without date, with entirely different 
title-pages, seems to have been entirely overlooked. I 
have seen both. 

Bodenham (John), England's Helicon. Lond. 
1 600. 4°. 

Of this volume, a copy is in the Malone Collection at 
Oxford ; a second was sold at Sothebys in 1856, and a 
third is in my possession. A fourth is not at present 
known. The Oxford copy contains 150 poems, while 
mine and the one sold in 1856 have only 148; but, as the 
one sold in 1856 came out of a very old library, and had 
been purchased perhaps at the time of publication, it is 
almost a question whether the extra page in the Oxford 
copy was not cancelled, or added for some reason after a 
portion of the impression had been worked off. This 
view is strengthened by the fact that, although catch- 
words occur throughout the volume, there is none at the 
end of the last poem in my copy, which appears complete 
as published. This point seems deserving of consideration, 
as it is, I believe, a new one, and as the book is so intrin- 
sically and so bibliographically valuable. 

Book, The Book of Secrets ; how to make Colours, 
&c. Plates. Lond. 1596. 4°. 



Omitted. 






The Book of Oaths, Antient and Modern. 

Lond. 1649. 12°. 

Omitted. Nassau, No. 284, 8s. 






A New Book of Merry Riddles in Picture. 

Lond. n. d. 12°. 

Omitted. Nassau, No. 286, 19#. 

Borde (Andrew.) 

Davies in his Athence Britannica, i. 69, says that 
Thomas Newton of Chester had a copy of the Pleasant 
and Merry Hy story of the ^Filler of Abington, Lond. n. d. 
4°, on the title-page of which he indicated Borde as the 
author. Such is very likely to have been the fact ; but 
the tract is not mentioned among Borde's books, nor is 
the circumstance honoured with the slightest notice. 



Regimente, or Dietary of Helthe. 






As the original edition of this, really the most valuable 
of Borde's works, is of the greatest rarity, and as a copy is 
now before me, I may as well mention that the Preface 
is dated the 5th May, 1542, and the volume, a small 
8°, extends to sign. D in, without pagination. The colo- 

Ehon on the last leaf on a large woodcut is : " Imprynted 
y me, Robert Wyer, dwellynge in Seynt Martyns 
parysshe besyde Charynge Crosse, at the S3gne of seynt 
John Evangelyste. For John Gowghe — Cum Privilegio 
Regali, Ad Imprimendum Solum." 

Merry Tales of the Mad men of Gotham. 

An edit. 1613, 12°, was in the Harleian Library. 

Boulogne, A Letter of a Baker of Boulogue sent 
to the Pope. Translated into English. Lond. 
1607. 4°. 

Omitted. A copy is in the Bodleian. 

Bradstreet (Ann), The Tenth Muse lately sprung 

America. 



up in 
Lond. 



1758. 8 



Third Edition, enlarged. 






Omitted. Nassau, No. 303, 4s. 

Brandon, H. and C. f Dukes of Suffolk. Vita et 
Obitus. Lond. 1551 (not 1552). 4°. 

Of this volume eight or nine copies are known. Of 






3 rd S. II. Aug. 23, '62.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



143 



these there are two in the British Museum ; a third is in 
the Bodleian; a fourth is at St. John's, Cambridge; a 
fifth is at Althorpe, and a sixth is, or was, at Lincoln 
Cathedral. One of the Museum copies has the date 
(1551) printed at the foot of the title-page. 

Breton (Nicholas), The Will of Wit and other 
poems. Lond. 1597. 4°. 

This book was licensed and probably printed, in 1580. 
Another edition, 1599, 4°. Jolley, 1843, 101. 10s. A 
copy, I think the same, is in the Museum. Of course 
" The Miseries of Mavilia " form part of the Will of Wit; 
and the " Praise of Virtuous Ladies," 1G06, which Lowndes 
converts into a separate book, is also included in this col- 
lection, of which there was an edition in that year. 

Wit's Trenchmone. Lond. 1597. 4°. 



Trenchmour, not Trenchmone. 



-" Auspicante Jehova, % Marces Exercise. 

Lond. 1597. 12°. 

Marces ought to be Marie's. 



Pasquil's Mistress, or the worthy and un- 
worthy woman. Lond. T. Fisher, 1600. 4°. 

Omitted under this head, but inserted under Pasquil, 
though not as by Breton. Caldecott, 1833, 4/. 8s. 



Wit's Private Wealth. 



There were editions in 1613, 1615, and 1629, all over- 
looked. 



4°. 



The Passionate Shepherd. Lond. 1604. 



Omitted. 



Divine Considerations on the Soule. Lond. 



1608. 16°. 

Omitted. A copy is in the Museum. 



— I pray you not be 
1605. 4°. 



angry, &c. Lond. 



Farmer, 1798, lis. An edition, not noticed here, but 
published in 1624, is in the Bodleian. 

Sir Philip Sidney's Ourania. Lond. 1606. 
Again, Lond. 1655. 4°. 



4 



Both editions are dedicated to Lady Pembroke ; but the 
book is certainly not by Breton, as an inspection of the 
dedication will convince any one. 



AMurmurer. Lond. 1607. 8°. 



Not unique. A copv is at Bridgewater House. Heber, 
in 1834, 4s. Again, Jolly, 1843, 7/. This copy is now in 
the Museum. 

The Crossing of Proverbs, 2 parts. 1616. 

The title of the first part is: Crossing of Proverbs, 
Cross- Answers, and Cross- Rumours. Lond. 1616, 8°. 
But no perfect copy seems to be known. 

- A Solemn Passion of the Soule's Love. 



1623. 

This is merely a comparatively late impression of a 
tract originally printed in 1595, and reprinted in 1598. 

Breton (N.), see Manual under " Ramsey (Lady 
M.)," and Roxburghe Ballads (Brit. Mus.), 
i. 188. The Pain of Pleasure, 1580, has been 



ascribed to Munday. 



W. Carew Hazlitt. 



AGE OF MACKLIN THE COMEDIAN. 

In the work by Leigh Hunt, first published 
as a supplement to the London Journal, and sub- 
sequently published in a separate form — The 
Town — mention is made of Macklin, and some 
account given of his old age and of his haunts. 
His age is given, 107. In Gorton's Biographical 
Dictionary, the account of this actor, taken from 
the Biographia Dramatica, states that he was 
born May 11, 1690, and "died July 11, 1797, at 
the great age of 107." I have never heard* this 
statement of his age doubted, but lately a fact 
came to my knowledge which I think, deserves 
mention. 

Macklin was interred in the parish church of 
St. Paul's, Covent Garden. Somej three years 
ago the vestry of that parish came to a resolution, 
consequent upon the closing of the grave-yard, 
to cover up the coffins laid in the vaults. They 
packed them as closely as possible, and filled up 
the interstices between with sifted earth, putting 
a layer of two feet of powdered charcoal as a 
covering to the whole. In moving the coffins, the 
churchwardens were interested in looking over 
the coffin-plates of the celebrities interred there, 
and came upon those of Macklin and of his wife. 
The age is there stated to be 97 years. I ob- 
tained a copy from the beadle of the parish, the 
correctness of which is attested by the three 
churchwardens who superintended the removing 
and replacing the coffins. I append a copy of the 
coffin-plate of Charles Macklin, and that of his 
widow. The tombstone in the graveyard gives 
the age as it is recorded in the biographies, 107. 

Is it likely that the date of his birth has been 
incorrectly stated ? His name was M'Laughlin, 
but he changed it to Macklin on his arrival in 
London. It is to be presumed that those who 
directed his interment, being doubtless his widow 
and some intimate friends, would be little likely 
to err on a point like this, while it might be that 
his tombstone would be placed by some of his 
admirers who might follow a traditional account 
of his age. Up to 1741 little is known of his 
pursuits, but in that year he established his repu- 
tation in the character of Shylcck, the only cha- 
racter in which he ever excelled. I am inclined 
to think that the age of 97 is more likely to be 
correct than that of 107, for the reasons stated. 
A reference to the registry of his birth would of 
course settle it. This might be difficult to ob- 
tain, as he was born in the county of Westmeath, 
Ireland, but in what part I do not find stated in 
any notice of the man. 

The following are verbatim copies of the coffin 

plates : 

" M r . Charles Macklin, 

Comedian, 

Died 11th July, 

1797, 
Aged 97 years." 



144 



NOTES AND QUERIES 



[3'<* S. II. Aug. 23, '62. 



* M" Eliz* Macklin, 
Widow of M' Charles Macklin, 

Comedian, 
Died 21st November, 

1807, 
Aged 74 years." 



T.B. 



[Some conjectures relative to the period of Macklin's 

birth will be found in The European Magazine, xxxvi. 
298; and in vol. xxxii. p. 317 of the same work, it is 
stated, that "his death happened on the 11th July, 1797, 
at the great age, it is supposed, of ninety-six years." 
In the memoirs of Charles Macklin [by Wm. Cooke], 
p. 843, it is stated that Macklin, " by nis own computa- 
tion, died at the age of ninety-eight, but on very strong 
and probable circumstances (related in the early part of 
these Memoirs), at the very advanced age of 108." 
Ed. J 



THE MARQUIS OF WORCESTER. 

Catalogued among the Harleian Collections, in 
the British Museum, is an oblong MS. professing 
to be a copy of the Marquis of Worcester's Cen- 
tury of Inventions. The first portion of this 
MS. contains another Treatise (upon Short-hand) 

written in the same autograph, which is headed 
thus : — 

" An explanation of the most exact and most com- 
pendious way of short writing, and an example given by 
way of questions and resolves upon each significant point, 
proving how and why it stands for such and such a let- 
ter in order alphabetically placed in every page," 

Query ^ Has this treatise ever appeared in print, 
and is it in the autograph of the Marquis ? 

The Century of Inventions was published in 
1663; and a reprint in 1813. A copy is also to 
be found in the Harleian Miscellany. But this 
MS. has some slight variations from the published 
copy. And from its bearing a later date, viz. 
1659 instead of 1655, I am induced to think that 
it might have been intended for an amended 
edition, and is therefore worth a note. 

The first of these variations appears at the 
commencement, the words italicised being addi- 
tions to the printed text : — 

« From Aug* yc 29<* to Sep 1 y* 21**, 1659. 

" A Centurie of 
The names and scantlings of such inventions as att 
present I can call to mynde to have tryed and perfected ; 
(my former notes being lost) I have endeavoured to 
sett these downe in such a way as may sufficiently in- 
struct me to putt any of them in practice, having wher- 
with to doe it." 

Another variation that occurs, is at No. 88 ; 
where, instead of u How to make a brazen head," 

&c, the entry runs thus : 

" 88. An engin without y« least noyce, knock, or use 
of fyre, to coyne and stamp 100 u in an hour bv one 
man." J 

Also at the end, after the words •« Ad majorem 
Dei gloriam," we have this addendum : 

" Besydea many omitted, and some of 3 sorts willingly 



not sett downe, as not fitt to bee devulged, least ill use 
may bee made therof, butt to shew that such things are 
also within my knowledge, I will here in my owne 
cypher sett downe at least one of each, not to bee con- 
cealed where duty and affection obligeth me." 

I would further inquire how it happens, that in 
notices of this savant, he is not unfrequently de- 
signated as Henry instead of Edward, Marquis of 
Worcester [vide Watt, Bibliothecd] ? And touch- 
ing one of his inventions, he states that it is his 
intention to have buried with him the model. 
Was this purpose ever performed ? Ithubibl. 



JHtnnr flatzt. 

Kentish Proverb. — Fuller, in hia Worthies of 
England, 1662, (" Kent," p. 62), gives the fol- 
lowing version of a well-known proverb : 



a 



In 



A Knight of Cales, and a Gentleman of Wales, 
And a Laird of the North -Countree ; 

A Yeoman of Kent, with his yearly rent, 
Will buy them out all three." 






a copy of Weever's Funerall Monuments, 
1631, which I have recently purchased, the same 
proverb, but with a variation, is written in a con- 
temporary hand on the margin at the bottom of 
347: — 



P 



" A Knight of Cales, a Gentleman of Wales, 
A Lorde of y e north -coun trey; 
A Yeoman of Kent, sitting on a pent/ rent. 
Is able to buy all three." 









As this is probably the earliest form of the 
proverb, it may be worth preserving in the pages 
of " N. & Q." Edwabd F. Rimbault. 

The Last Charge at Waterloo. — The fol- 
lowing letter was printed in the Scotsman of 
Aug. 11, and was transferred thence to The 
Times. As an historical waif of some interest, it 
may be thought worthy of a corner in " N. & Q.," 
where it will be readily accessible for future re- 
ference : — 

" Cromarty, Aug. 8. Sir, — I have recently observed 
a paragraph in the public journals about * The Last 
Charge at Waterloo.' There is a great mistake in it, as 
it was my brother-in-law, Sir Hugh Halkett, brother of 
Sir Colin, who took Colonel Cambronne prisoner. 1 saw 
him lately in Hanover, where he commands that army, 
and this affair was much discussed of late. The par- 
ticulars are thus: Sir Hugh galloped up to Cambronne, 
who was commanding his regiment, and pointing a pistol 
at him, asked him to surrender. He did so. When Sir 
Hugh's horse was shot under him, Colonel Cambronne 
took advantage of this and ran off, but Sir Hugh fol- 
lowed him, took him by the collar, and brought him 
prisoner in view of his own regiment. — I am, &c. Alex. 
S. Graham." 

W. Carbw Hazlitt. 

Manning's Sxtrret. — We are indebted to the 
Rev