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Full text of "Records of the revolutionary war: containing the military and financial correspondence of distinguished officers; names of the officers and privates of regiments, companies, and corps, with the dates of their commissions and enlistments; general orders of Washington, Lee, and Greene, at Germantown and Valley Forge; with a list of distinguished prisoners of war; the time of their capture, exchange, etc. To which is added the half-pay acts of the Continental congress; the revolutionary pension laws; and a list of the officers of the Continental army who acquired the right to half-pay, commutation, and lands"

RECORDS 



OF THE 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR: 

CONTAINING 

THE MILITARY AND FINANCIAL CORRESPONDENCE 

OF 

DISTINGUISHED OFFICERS; 

NAMES OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF REGIMENTS, COMPANIES, 

AND CORPS, WITH THE DATES OF THEIR COMMISSIONS 

AND ENLISTMENTS ; 

GENERAL ORDERS OF WASHINGTON, LEE, AND GREENE, 

AT GERMANTOWN AND VALLEY FOEGE ; 
WITH A LIST OF 

DISTINGUISHED PRISONERS OF WAR ; THE TIME OF THEIR 
CAPTURE, EXCHANGE, ETC. 

^ 

TO WHICH IS ADDED 

THE HALF-PAY ACTS OF THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS ; THE REVOLUTIONARY PEN 
SION LAWS ; AND A LIST OF THE OFFICERS OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY 
WHO ACQUIRED THE RIGHT TO HALF-PAY, COMMUTATION, 
AND LANDS. 

BY W. T. R. SAFFELL, 

COUNSELLOR, AND AGENT FOR REVOLUTIONARY CLAIMS. 



PUDNEY & RUSSELL, PUBLISHERS, 

No. 79 JOHN-STREET. 
1858. 



h f 



JUCKSCH 

y h < <-- 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1857, 
BY PUDNEY & KUSSELL, 

In the Clerk s Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern 
District of New York. 



R. C. VALENTINE, 

STKREOTYI-ER AND ELKCTKOTYPER, PUDNET & KUSSELL, PHISTEKIV, 

81, 83, and 86 Centre-street, No. 79 JOUN-STKF.K.T. 

NEW YOHK. 



PREFACE 



As great numbers of the descendants of Revolutionary 
officers and soldiers are, at this time, eagerly in search ot 
information relative to the service of their ancestors, for 
purposes of profit and satisfaction as well as of history ; 
and, as many of them reside at places where nothing of 
the kind can be had without considerable difficulty and 
expense, I have thought it my proper duty to place my 
collections within the reach of all interested. 

In so doing, I am not without a strong reason to induce 
a belief that they will be of some considerable historical 
interest in indicating the different locations and movements 
of the army, and in showing the whereabouts of individual 
officers, regiments, detachments, and corps, as well as in 
giving the precise dates of important events ; and as the 
financial difficulties of the infant Republic in 1780 has 
been a subject of great interest, both in history and in 
legislation, new light is thrown upon it by the correspond 
ence dated in that year. 

As the Congress of the United States, the Court of 
Claims, and the Executive Departments are constantly 



PREFACE. 



engaged in the legislation upon, and in the investigation 
and adjustment of, claims against the United States for mil 
itary service, I am convinced that mncli of the matter in 
cluded in my collections, especially the correspondence of 
officers, and the list of their deaths, will serve as an im 
portant guide to individuals in asserting their claims, and 
as a protection of the interests of the government in adjust 
ing them. 

They will, also, be found useful in answering at once, 
and without trouble, the thousands of letters to members 
of Congress from their constituents, asking information re 
lating to military service, pensions, and the Pension and 
Bounty Land Laws of the Revolution. 

In preparing this work, I have availed myself of the free 
use of " Irving s Life of Washington," " Lossing s Field 
Book of the Revolution," and " McSherry s History of Ma 
ryland," which, I am free to acknowledge, are the best and 
most accurate works extant, on their respective subjects, 
and should be owned by every reader in the land. 

W. T. R. S. 

BALTIMOEE, MD., 1857 



CONTENTS. 



Letters. 

PAGE 

Gen. Richard Montgomery to Col. Timothy Bedel 17-27 

do. Proclamation to the Canadians 26 

Col. Benj. Hinman to Col. Bedel 18 

Gen. Philip Schuyler to do 17 

Aid. John Macpherson to do 20 

Com y Noah Phelps to do 23 

Col. James Livingston to do 24 

Gen. David Wooster to do 28 

Col. James Holmes to do 28, 29 

Col. Eobert Troup to do 31 

do. to Johnston & Howell 36 

Gen. Horatio Gates to do. 88 

Sec y Richard Peters to Col. Edward Antill 29 

do. to" Commissioners of Accounts 32 

Capt. Jotham Drury to Col. John Lamb 30 

Col. Jonathan Trumbull to do. 74 

Gen. David Waterbury to Continental Commissioners 31 

Com. Gen. Elias Boudinot to Capt. Alex. Graydon 32 

Col. Matthias Ogden to Lt. L. J. Costigin 33 

Pres. John Jay to Col. William Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 33 

P. M. Gen. John Pierce to do. 65, 69, 70, 72, 74, 75, 77, 

78, 79, 80, 82, 83, 84. 

do. to P. M. Gen. Jona. Burrall. . .38, 43, 45, 47, 52, 85 

do. to Continental Congress, 41, 56, 63, 99, 100, 103, 104 

do. to P. M. Gen. Thomas Reed 42, 44, 46, 48, 81 

do. to Gen. William Heath 43 

do. to Col. Jeduthan Baldwin 44 

do. to Col. Donald Campbell 44 

do. to P. M. Gen. Joseph Clay 48, 52, 69 

do. to Col. Udny Hay, Q. M. Gen. 49, 71 

do. to P. M. Gen. William Bedlow 51 

do. to Board of Treasury, 54, 58, 61, 62, 64, 84, 85, 112 

do. to Col. R. H. Harrison 62 

do. to U. S. Lottery 73 

do. to Mr. Hubbard, of Conn 76 

do. to Hon. Thomas McKean 99 

do. to Col. Israel Shreeve 109 

do. to Thomas Harwood, Esq 109 

do. to John Ncufville, Esq 110 

do. to Aud. Joseph Howell 110 

do. to Gen Allen Jones 112 

Gen. Count Cassimir Pulaski to Auditors 33 

Col. Joseph Carleton to Auditors 34 



6 CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

Aud. James Johnston to Board of Treasury 34 

P. M. Gen. Jonathan Burrall to do. 38, 49, 61, 52, 54, 58, 61, 62, 64 

do. to P. M. Gen. John Boreman 39 

do. to do. John Pierce 39,45,51 

do. to do. Joseph Clay 40,46,55 

do. to do. Benj. Stelle 50 

do. to do. Thomas Eeed 53 

do. to do. Benj. Harrison 53, 61 

do. to Gov. Richard Caswell 56 

Capt. J. Baldesqui to Continental Congress 35 

P. M. Gen. Thomas Reed to P. M. Gen. John Pierce 50 

Joseph Bullock to do. 73 

(Sharp Delaney to do. 73 

Col. John Sherman to do. 93 

Hon. Hugh Williamson to do. 96 

Gen. Henry Jackson to do. 97 

Gen. George Partridge to do. 97 

Gen. Jedediah Huntington to do. 98 

.Gen. Otho H. Williams to do. 104 

Gen. Mordecai Gist to do. 105 

Aud. Gen. Chris. Richmond to do. 100 

Col. John E. Howard to do. 1 01 

Col. Samuel Carleton to do. 10(5 

Gen. Lachlin Mclntosh to do. 107 

Capt. George L. Turberville to do. 107 

P. M. Gen. William Palfrey to do. 70 

do. to Board of Treasury 66, 68, 72 

do. to P. M. Gen. Thomas Reed 07 

do. to Mr. Jared Saxton 68 

do. to Major Clark 1 07 

Commissary Paul Woolfolk to Commissary William. Porter 87, 88, 89 

Q. M. Gen. H. Morris to do. 87 

Commissary J. Pryor to do. 89, 91 

do Edward Moore to do. 90 

Aid-de-Camp James Fairlie to do. 91 

Gen. Anthony Wayne and others to 93 

Q. M. Gen. Udny Hay to Col. Ebenezer Stevens 94 

Com y Gen. Samuel Hodgdon to do. 95 

Maj. Bartholomew Von Heer to Col. Josiah Harmar 95 

Aud. Gen. John Nicholson to Aud. Joseph Howell 97 

Capt. Joseph Morrill to do. 98 

Aud. Gen. Edward Dunscomb to do. 112 

Comp. Joseph Dawson to do. 136 

Maj. John Stagg to do. 137 

Aud. Robert Denny to do. 139 

Col. William Barton to do. 139 

Col. Thomas F. Jackson to do. 140 

Lieut. Thomas H. Condy to Mr. Simmons 141 

Aud. Joseph Howell to Hon. James Madison 137 

do. to Wm. Simmons 135 

do. to R. J. Vanden Broeck 135 

do. to Secretary of War 136, 137 

John Deming, of Mass. , to 119 

John Wright, Esq. , to Comptroller 117 

Capt. Robert Walker to Col. Eleazer Oswald 106 

Cor. A. Throekmorton to Aud. Gen. A. Dunscomb H 5 

Capt. John Buchanan to Congress ., 10- 



CONTENTS. 



Regiments. PAQE 

Col. Joseph Cilley s New Hampshire Kegiment 143 

William Douglass! s Connecticut do. 152 

Christopher Green s Khode Island do 158 

Israel Angeil s do. do. 154 

Ebenezer Stevens New York Artillery Kegiment 155 

Lewis Dubois do. Infantry do. 161 

Peter Gansevoort s do. do. do. 168 

John Lamb s do. Artillery do. 171 

Arthur St. Glair s Pennsylvania Infantry do. . . . . 183 

Joseph Wood s do. do. do. 183 

Anthony Wayne s do. do. do. 196 

William Irvine s do. do. do 202, 215 

Charles Armand s Legion 219 

Lewis Nicola s Invalid Regiment 222 

Otho H. Williams Maryland Regiment 234 

John Gunby s do. do 235 

Peter Adam s do. do 235 

Thomas Woolford s do. do .236 

Benjamin Ford s do. do 236 

Lewis Weltner s German do 237 

Charles G. Griffith s Flying-Camp Regiment 237 

Josiah C. Hall s do. do 238 

Thomas E wing s do. do. 238 

William Richardson s do. do. 239 

Moses Rawlings Rifle Regiment 240 

Charles Harrison s Staff and Artillery Regiment 241 

Daniel Morgan s llth and 15th Virginia do 256 

do. Rifle do 268 

Alexander Spottswood s Virginia do 270 

William Heth s do. do 276 

John Gibson s Western Frontier do 280 

Nathaniel Gists Virginia do 285 

Henry Lee s Legion (officers) 288 

Francis Marion s South Carolina Regiment 290 

Captains Companies. 

Capt. David Arrell, Virginia Infantry 277 

Morgan Alexander, do. do 270 

Robert Adams, Pennsylvania do 205 

John Alexander, do. do 218 

William Alexander, do. do 218 

John Blackwell, do. do 278 

Reuben Briscoe, do. do. 279 

Benj. Biggs, do. do 284 

Thomas Bell, do. do 286 

Alex. Breckinridge, do. do 287 

Richard Baker, South Carolina do 290 

William Brown, Maryland Artillery 227 

Nathaniel Burwell, Virginia . do 242 

Thomas Baytop, do. do 251 

Peter B. Bruin, do. Infantry 262 

Samuel Booker, do. Artillery 265 

William Butler, Pennsylvania Infantry 189 



s 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Capt. Stephen Bayard, Pennsylvania Infantry 190 

John Brisban, do. do 191 

Lewis Bush, do. do 205 

Jacob Bauer, do. do 221 

Stephen Buckland, New York Artillery 156 

Jonathan Brown, do. do 174 

" Eudolph Bunner, Pennsylvania Infantry 185 

" Thomas Blackwell, Virginia do 262 

" William Bratton, Pennsylvania do 215 

" John C. Carter, Virginia Artillery 249 

" Whitehead Coleman, do. do 252 

" James Calderwood, do. Infantry 256 

" Thomas Craig, Pennsylvania do 187 

" Thomas Church, do. do 196 

" Buller Claiborne, Virginia do 270 

" Kichard Dorsey, Maryland Artillery 230 

" Richard Davis, do Riflemen 240 

" John Dandridge, Virginia Artillery 247 

" Nathaniel Donnell, New York do 157 

" Thomas Dunbar, South Carolina Infantry 293 

" Philip De Bois Bevier, New York do 164 

" Jost Driesbach, Pennsylvania do 219 

" Amos Emerson, New Hampshire Infantry 148 

" Samuel Eddens, Virginia Artillery 250 

" Ebenezer Frye, New Hampshire Infantry 149 

" Persifer Frazer, Pennsylvania do 198 

" Isaac Farwell, New Hampshire do. 150 

" Jeremiah Gilman, do. do 144 

" Henry Goodwin, New York do 166 

" Philip Griffith, Maryland Riflemen 240 

" Charles Gallahue, Virginia Infantry 257 

" James Gray, do. do 266 

" John Gregory, do. Artillery 266 

" David Grier, Pennsylvania Infantry 211 

" Philip Graybell, do. do 221 

" John Gist, Virginia do 285 

" Peter Grey, South Carolina do 291 

" Samuel Ha wes, Virginia do 275 

" Thomas Hall, South Carolina do 292 

" John Henry, Virginia Artillery 252 

" John Ruling Pennsylvania Infantry 193 

" Samuel Hayes, do. do 203 

" Nathaniel Hutchins, New Hampshire do 151 

" Amos Hutchins, New York Artillery 163 

" John F. Hamtramck, do. Infantry 167 

" Cornelius T. Jansen, do. do 169- 

" William Johnston, Virginia do 258^ 

" Strother Jones, do. do 285 

" John C. Jones, Maryland do 227 

" John Johnson, New York do 167 



CONTENTS. 



Capt. Thomas Lee, 


New York Infantry 


PAGE 

... 165 


" John Lacey, 


Pennsylvania do 


... 197 


" Gabriel Long, 


Maryland Riflemen 


. .. 268 


" Samuel Lapsley, 
" Philip R. F. Lee, 


Virginia Infantry 
do. do 


285 

279 


" John McDowell, 


Pennsylvania do 


. 217 


" Richard Mason, 


South Carolina do. 


. .. 294 


" Daniel Mazyck, 


do. do 


. .. 294 


" Everard Meade, 


Virginia do 


... 271 


" Moses McLean, 


Pennsylvania do 




John F. Mercer, 


Virginia do 


. 276 


Francis Muir, 


do. do 


... 287 


Charles Motte, 


South Carolina do. 


... 291 


Thomas Moultrie, 


do. do 


. .. 292 


John Marshall, 


Virginia do 


... 267 


1 Amos Morrill, 


New Hampshire do 


... 146 


Andrew Moodie, 


New York Artillery 


... 172 


Gershom Motte, 


do. do 


. .. 173 


Samuel Montgomery, 


Pennsylvania Infantry 


... 216 


" George Nicholas, 


Virginia do 


. 273 


" Noah Nichols, 


New York Artillery Artificers . . . 


... 160 


" John Nelson, 


Pennsylvania Riflemen 


. .. 181 


" Count de Ottendorff, 


do. Infantry 


... 219 


" Anthony Post, 


New York Art. Artificers 


... 175 


Valentine Peyton, 


Virginia Artillery 


. .. 277 


Robert Powell, 


do. Infantry 


... 278 


John Peyton, 


do. do 


... 279 


Charles Porterfield, 


do. do 


. .. 259 


James Pendleton, 


do. Artillery 


. .. 246 


Alex. Parker, 


Pennsylvania Infantry 


. .. 217 


William Pierce, 


Virginia Artillery 


... 242 


Adrian Proveaux, 


South Carolina Infantry 


... 290 


" William Rippey, 


Pennsylvania do 


. 208 


Thomas Robinson, 


do. do 


. .. 194 


" John Reese, 


do. do 


... 192 


<( George Rice, 


Virginia - Artillery 


... 264 


" Drury Ragsdale, 


do. do 


... 245 


" Bernard Romans, 


Pennsylvania do 


... 178 


" James Rosekrans, 


New York Infantry 


.. ,161 


" Albert Roux, 


South Carolina do 


.. 291 


" Winthrop Sargeant, 


Massachusetts Artille^ 


.. 177 


" George Sytez, 


New York Infantry 


.. 168 


" James Stewart, 


do. Artillery 


.. 163 


" William Scott, 


New Hampshire Infantry 


.. 145 


" Simon Sartwell, 


do. do 


.. 143 


" William Smith, 


Virginia do 


.. 261 


" Anthony Singleton, 


do. Artillery 


.. 244 


" Alex. L. Smith, 


Maryland Riflemen 


.. 240 


" Anthony Selins, 


Pennsylvania Infantry 


.. 220 


" Abraham Smith, 


do. do 


... 207 


<; Joseph Smith, 


Virginia do 


... 286 



10 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Capt. Uriah Springer, Virginia Infantry 283 

William Sanford, do. do 274 

John Paul Schott, Pennsylvania do 220 

Francis Taylor, do. do 273 

Thomas Tebbs, do. do 272 

James Taylor-, do. do 200 

Jeremiah Talbott, do. do 214 

Thomas Willis, Virginia do 263 

James A. Wilson, Pennsylvania do 210 

Robert Wilson, do. do 215 

Jason Wait, New Hampshire do 147 

John Winslow, New York Artillery 159 

Josiah Wool, do. do 175 

Samuel Watson, Pennsylvania Infantry 183 

American Prisoners. 

Capture of Gen. Charles Lee 307 

" Lord Stirling 307 

" John Sullivan 308 

Benjamin Lincoln 308 

" William Moultrie 308 

James Irvine 308 

Col. Ethan Allen 308 

" Nicholas Lutz 309 

" Michael Swope 309 

Major George Tudor 309 

Thomas L. Byles 310 

" John Poulson 311 

Adjt. John Johnson 311 

" Daniel Kennedy 311 

Engineer Ferdinand J. S. De Brahm 311 

Baron Charles De Frey 312 

Capt. Henry Bedinger 398 

" William Crawford 312 

John Richardson 312 

Bateman Lloyd 312 

Robert Sample 313 

Thomas Mclntire 313 

Robert Caldwell 313 

James Moore 313 

Matthew Knox 314 

Samuel Culbertson 314 

John McDonald 315 

Alex. Graydon 315 

John Stotesbury 315 

Robert Patton 316 

James Elliott 316 

Lieut. Matthew Bennett 316 

" Robert Brown 316 

Lewis J. Costigin 316 

Joseph Martin 317 

" William Young 317 

" John V. Hyatt 317 

" Zacharias Shugart 318 



CONTENTS. 



11 



Capture of Lieut. Hezekiah Davis 818 

Andrew Robertson 318 

John Irwin 818 

Thomas Wynn 818 

Jonathan Smith 319 

Robert Darlington 319 

Samuel McClelland 319 

Warner Wynn 320 

Surgeon David Love 320 

Ensign John Thompson 820 

Prisoners at Three Rivers 297 

Long Island 297 

" Putnam s Retreat 297 

" Fort Washington 298 

" Exchanged by John Adams 820 

" " Abraham Skinner. .. . 321 



Notes on the Service of 



Capt. Dohickey Arundell 



Col. George Baylor 383 

" Mordecai Buckner 384 

Capt. Thomas Blackwell 380 

Lieut. Edmund Brooke 386 

Capt. George M. Bedinger 387 

Peter Bernard . . 389 

Maj. John Brent 389 

Lieut, Francis T. Brooke 389 

Capt. John Blair 389 

Ensign William B. Bunting 390 

Lieut. Daniel Bedinger 390 

" Isaac Bowman 394 

Ensign James Broadus 395 

Capt. Henry Bedinger 398 

Col. William Crawford 384 

" Richard Campbell 384 

Dr. William Carter 386 

Capt. Buller Claiborne 387 

Lieut. Seth Chapin 387 

" Ezra Chapman 395 

Capt. Mayo Carrington 897 

Kev. John Cordell 390 

Capt, John DeTreville 388 

Maj. Matthew Donovan 390 

Capt. James Davis 390 

Maj. Edmund Dickinson 390 

Capt. William Davenport 395 

" John Davis . . . 396 



Lieut. John Emerson. . . . 



!87 



Col. Uriah Forest 383 

Lieut. Henry Field 890 



PAGE 

Dr. Corbin Griffin 387 

Lieut. Robert Green 387 

" Thomas Gordon 390 

Surg. David Gould 391 

Capt. William E. Godfrey 394 

Lieut, Edmund Gamble 394 

Dr. Francis L. B. Goodwin 396 

Rev. David Griffith 397 

Col. Robert H. Harrison 383 

Lieut. Joseph Hold 391 

Capt. William Harrison 397 

Abraham Hite 397 

" Samuel Jones 394 

Lieut. Samuel Jones 396 

Col. Thomas Knowlton 385 

Com y Henry King 394 

Capt. Reuben Lipscomb 391 

Thomas H. Luckett 391 

Maj. Daniel Leet 391 

Capt. Jonathan Langdon 391 

" James Mayson 384 

Gen. Hugh Mercer 384 

Capt. Ambrose Madison 391 

Joseph Micheux 392 

Lieut. Richard Muse 392 

Capt. John Morton 392 

Lieut. John McKinley 393 

" Michael McDonald 393 

James Morton 397 

Capt. Everard Meade 386 



Lieut. Richard "NTowell 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Capt. William Nelson 388 

" David Noble 396 

Col. Richard Parker 384 

" Charles Povterfield 385 

Lieut. William Price 386 

" Eli Parsons 388 

Capt. Richard Pendleton 392 

Surg. Shubael Pratt 392 

Col. Isaac Reed 385 

Capt. John Roberts 385 

Surg. William Rumney 392 

Capt. Samuel Ranson 396 

Col. Willis Reddick.. . 396 



Capt. Hebard Smallwood 
Adjt. Simon Summers. . . 



392 
393 



PAGE 

Ensign Clement Sewell 395 

Col. John H. Stone 395 

Capt. Nehemiah Stokeley 396 

Ensign John Spitfathom 397 

Capt. John Spottswood 388 

Col. John Thornton 383 

" William Taliaferro 385 

Lieut. John Taylor 386 

Cornet William Teas 387 

Surg. Charles Taylor 392 

Capt. Benj. Timberlake 393 



Lieut. Thomas Wallace . 
" Thomas Wishart 
John Wilson . . 



387 
388 
393 



" Charles Yarborough .... 



Promises and Contracts of the Continental Congress. 

Land Act of August 14, 1776 400 

September 16, 1776 402 

Half-pay Act of May 15, 1778 402 

November 24, 1778 403 

May 22, 1779 403 

August 24, 1780 403 

October 3, 1780 404 

" 24, 1780 404 

November 28, 1780 404 

January 17, 1781 405 

May 8, 1781 405 

May 26, 1781 - 405 

December 31, 1781 405 

Commutation Act of March 22, 1783 406 

May 16, 1783 407 

January 26, 1784 408 

February 11, 1784 408 

Interest Act of June 3, 1784 409 

Commutation Act of March 8, 1785 409 

August 11, 1790 409 

Officers entitled to half-pay 410-439 

Remarks on the half-pay acts, &c. 440 

Court of Claims on half-pay, &c. 454 

Congress on the half-pay 446 

Petitions in 1810 for half-pay 444 

Senator Crittenden on the half-pay 449 

Senator Seward 451 

Chief-Justice Gilchrist 458 

Baird s heirs vs. U. S 454 

Wirt s opinion 448-458 

Commentaries on the half-pay bill 449 

Cincinnati Society. 

Description of 467 

Constitution of . . 471 



CONTENTS. 13 

PAGE 

Officers of 476 

Members of the New York Society 477 

" Pennsylvania " 482 

Maryland " 486 

Virginia Half-pay, Land, cfcc. 

Remarks on 488 

Act of Congress, September 13, 1783 489 

Virginia Bounty Lands 492 

Act of May, 1779 492 

October, 1779 493 

1780 494 

May, 1782 495 

October, 1782 495 

" 1783 495 

1784 496 

Governor s Proclamation 496 

Officers who received land from Virginia 498 

Act of May, 1779 (half-pay) 507 

" November, 1781 508 

" July 5, 1832 508 

Payments per act July 5, 1832 510 

Revolutionary Pension Laws. 

Act March 18, 1818 511 

May 15, 1828 514 

June 7, 1832 517 

July 4, 1836 521 

July 7, 1838 522 

July 29, 1848 523 

February 3, 1853 524 

Revolutionary Officers. 

Extensive list of deaths, with notes 525 

Pensioned officers 537 

Conclusion.. . 553 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Artillery, of N.Y., 19. 

Allen, Col. Etlian, 20, 303, 530. 

Arnold, Benedict, at Quebec, 22, 28, 76. 

Antill, Col., 30. 

Ambassador, French, 38. 

Audebert, Philip, P. M. G., 77. 

Arrangement of Light Dragoons, 92. 

Alexander, Win. S., 110, 112. 

Acres of land, to officers, 494. 

Arinand, Col., 530. 

Armstrong, Gen. John, 530. 

Ashe, Gen., 531. 

Brig. Gen. Starke at Bennington, 332. 

Brown, Maj., 19, 20, 22. 

Boneherville, 23. 

Boudinot, Elias, Com. Gen. Pris., 32, 307, 531. 

Beatty, John, do. 307. 

Brooks, John, Com. of Issues, 307. 

Bradford, Thomas, Com. of Pris., 307. 

Bradford, William, Com. of Musters, 531. 

Baldesqui. J., Capt, 32, 33, 34, 3tj, 37. 

Boz.e, Lieut. Col., killed, 83. 

Baldwin. Col. Jeduthan, 45. 

Burrall, Jonathan, 48, 54. 

Biount, Mr., D. P. M. Gen., 49. 

Brook, George. Treasurer of Va., 61. 

Boreman, John, D. P. M. Gen., 64. 

Bigham. Lieut, 77. 

Bevins, Lieut.. 77. 

Bard, John. Capt., 33. 

Brown, William, Capt, 85, 86. 

Buchanan, John, Capt, 102, 104. 

Burk, William, 133. 

Bowdoin, James. 300. 

Boskinridge, N. J., 301. 

British Prison-ships, 305. 

Bland. Col., 531. 

Brooks, Col. Eleazer, 531. 

Baxter s Flying-Camp, 317. 

Bullitt, Dept Adjt Gen., orders of, 325. 

Bennington, Battle of. 332. 

Battle of Sept. 19, 1777, 342. 

Bunroyne s Surrender, 347. 

Brodhead, Col. Daniel, 227. 

Boundaries of Mil. Districts, 493. 

Brandon, Alex., tried for horse-stealing, 829. 

Biddle, Clement appointed Com. of Forage, 

331. 
" Black Bull," 305. 

Canghnawaga Castle, 19. 
Cliambli. 25, 26. 
Campbell, Col., 26, 45, 69. 
Crane, Col. John, 30, 134. 
Costigin, Lieut. Lewis J., 33. 
Carleton, Joseph, Sec. of War, 34. 
Coleman, Lieut. Wyalt, 54. 



Clay, Joseph, D. P. M. Gen., 56. 

Chase, Col., 69. 

Clark, Gen. Geo. E., 532. 

Corse, John, Capt, 82. 

Condy, T. H., 97. 

Cadwallader, Col. Lambert, 298. 

Cadwallader, Gen. John, 532. 

Cornwallis. Lord, 302. 

Commissaries of Prisoners, 307. 

Chesterfield Arrangement, Va. Line, 382. 

Colors of Officers, 825. 

Claims against Virginia, 398. 

Commutation, officers entitled to, 410-439. 

Constitution of Cincinnati Society, 471. 

Cincinnati Society, officers of, 476. 

Commissions of Va. officers, 288. 

Court of Claims, 454. 

Continental money, fec., stolen, 359. 

Courtlandt, Col., superintends the sick, 364. 

Clinton, Gen. James, 532. 

Dugan, Capt. Thomas, 23, 24, 84. 
Drury, Capt. Jotham, 30. 
De Kalb, Baron. 64, 65, 101, 105, 528. 
Dobb s Ferry, 76. 
Dirkes, Col., 82. 
De Pontiere, Lewis, 83. 
D Estaing, Count, 295. 
De Heister, Gen.. 297. 
Depreciation, Maryland list, 232. 
Dates of Va. Commissions, 238. 
Discharged men of Stevens Artillery, 161. 
do. Gansevoort s Kegt, 171. 

Elmore. Major, 19, 24, 26. 
Easton. Coll, 21, 28. 
Elliott, Mrs., ^95. 
Elizabethtown. prisoners at, 320. 
Events in the Lives of Officers, 525. 

Frazer, Gen., slain, 347. 
Fossett, Capt., 24. 
Freeman, Capt. Lieut, 30. 
Fanning, Charles, Lieut, 47. 
Fitzhugh, Perrisrine, Cornet, 82. 
Flowers, Philip ," 136. 
Finley, Capt. Ebenezer, 139. 
Fort Washington, 241, 298. 
Foreign Officers, 475. 
Flying-Camp of Md., 237. 
Ford, Lieut, appointed Adjt. to Lamb s Keg- 
iment, 354. 

Gates. Gen. Horatio, 31. 
Graham, Col., 44. 
Greene, Gen. Nathaniel, 82, 92. 
Godby, George, Wag. Master, 87. 
Gilleland, James, Capt. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



15 



Greene s Orders, 340. 
Germantown, Battle of, 345. 
German Regiment, Md.. 237. 
Green, William, ( apt., 325. 
Gansevoort, Col. Peter, 532. 
Gibson, Col. John, 532. 
Gibson, Col. George, 532. 

Jlinman, Col., 17, 18. 

Holmes, Col. Jatr.es, 28, 29. 

Heath, Gen. William, 44, 50, 51, 529. 

Hull, Maj., 44. 

Henderson, Mr., Paymaster, 48. 

Harrison, Benjamin, D. P. M. Gen., 49, 58. 

Hodsrdon, Samuel, Q. M. Gen., 51. 

Hand, Brig. Gen., 52. 

Hillegas, Mr. 67, 68. 

Hall/Col. David, S3. 

Harrison, Col. Charles, and Staff, 85, 241. 

Hay, Col. Udny, A. Q. M. Gen., 95. 

Hughes, John, Lieutenant, 97. 

Hazen, Gen. Moses, 117. 

Hawes, Col. Samuel, 137. 

Horry. Major, 295. 

How, Sir William, 302. 

Howe, Lord George, 303. 

Harcourt, Col., 307. 

Howard, Col. John E., 533. 

Howercrafi, Sergeant, tent of, 371. 

Halletfs Independent Co., 330. 

Hull, Capt, tried for gaining, 350. 

Hubley, Col., tried, 380. 

Huntington, Gen. Jedediah, 533. 

Irvine, Gen. William, 536. 
Isle-aux-Noix, 17. 

Johnston, Col. Francis, 533. 

Jackson, Col. James, 533. 

Jagur, Sergeant, 30. 

Jay, John, President, 83. 

Johnston, James, Auditor, 34. 

James, Col.. 92. 

Jasper, William, Sergeant, 295. 

Knox, Gen, 527. 
Kelly, Timothy, 325. 
King s Creek, 325. 
Kennebec Kxpei.ition, 20. 

Do. River, 27. 
Kennon, Mr., Paymaster, 36. 
Knox, Gen., 141. 
Kilpatrick. George, trial of, 331. 
Keene, Lawrence, appointed A. D. C., 370, 

Land Warrants unlocated, 498. 

La Prairie, 17, 19, 21, 2.1 

Livingston, James, Col., 20, 23, 24, 103. 

Longiieille, 23. 

La Come, St. Luke, 28. 

Lake George, 28, 29. 

Lamb. Col. John, 30. 

Long Island, tories of, 31. 

Lafayette, Marquis, 31, 528. 

Lenox, Capt, 82. 

Lincoln, Gen., 46, 82. 

Lyman. James, 47. 

Lawrence, John, Treasurer of Conn., 67. 

Livingston, Col. Henry B., 98. 

Lewis Brig. Gen., orders of, 324. 

Lee, Gen. Charles, orders of, 325. 

Lacy, Gen. John, 533. 



Lee, Col. Henry, 533. 

Legislature of Va., cession of lands, 492. 

Lutterloth, Henry E., appointed D. Q. M. G., 

331. 

Ludemaii, Lieut., 82. 
Laurens, Col. John, 82. 

Montgomery, Gen. Rich d, Proclamation, 26. 

McPherson, Aid-de-Camp, 20, 22. 

Montreal, 21. 22. 

Motte, Col., 25, 26. 

Mansfield, Capt., 30. 

Moylan, Col. Stephen, 48, 51. 

McDougall, Gen., 49, 528. 

Mifflin, Gen., 69, 530. 

Machin, Thomas, Capt, 71, 72. 

Mohawk River, 72. 

McMordie, Rev. Kobert, 78. 

Morris, Col. Lewis, 82. 

Muhlenberg, Gen. Peter, S9, 91, 534. 

McRoberts^Mr. F. C. M. S., 91. 

Mytinger, Jacob, Capt, 96. 

Marshall, Lieut. Benjamin, 97. 

McLane, Major Allen, JOO. 

Marbury, Joseph, Capt, 101, 105. 

Magill, Charles, Col., 105. 

Moodie, Andrew, Capt, 106. 

Motte, Capt Gershom, 106. 

Macaw s Regiment, 137. 

McOlure, Capt. James, 139. 

Martyrs imprisoned, 306. 

McAllister s Flying-Camp, 317. 

Montgomery s Flying-Camp, 318. 

March through Philadelphia, 333. 

Monmouth, Battle of, 3S1. 

Military Land Districts, Ohio, Ky., Tenn., 490, 

Mifflin, Jon., appointed D. Q. M. G., 330. 

Mederas, Capt, tried for ibrgery, 358. 

"Mittens" stolen, 372. 

Mo ul trie, Gen., 526. 

Meigs, Col. E. J., 533. 

Morgan, Col. Daniel, 534. 

Marion, Gen. Francis, 536. 

Nourse, Joseph, Asst And. Gen., 44. 
New York, prisoners, 321. 
Nash. Gen., burial of, 346. 
Nagle, Col., Tea Party, 371. 
Nixon, Col., family abused, 351 

Ogden, Col. Matthias. 33. 

Ottendorft; Major, 107. 

Orendorff, Christian. Lieut, 146. 

Officers died in service, 410^39. 

Officers, foreign, 439. 

Order of march to Swedes Ford, 341. 

Parsons, Gen. Sam. H., 534 

Phelps, Noah, Col. Bedel s Commissary, 21, 

23, 24, 25. 
Prescott, Gen., 28. 
Peters. Richard, Sec. of War, 30, 32. 
Pulaski, Gen., 32-37, 56. 534. 
Palfrey, Col. William, 33, 39, 40, 47, 50, 53, 55. 
Pickering, Col. Timothy, 70, 83, 534. 
Pryor, Major J., 89. 
Pepin, Lieut, 1<>4. 
Putnam, Gen.. Ill, 529. 
Proctor s Artillery, 189. 
Petition of Revolutionary Martyrs, 306. 
Prisoners of Cad\vallader s Regt, 310. 
Pay-table of Revolutionary Army, 374-376. 



16 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Prisoners taken by Col. Brown, 343. 
Powell, William, tried, 381. 

Queen s Creek, 325. 

Rangers. New Hampshire, 17. 

River Onion, mouth of, 17, 18. 

Robinson s House, 22. 

River Sorel, 28. 

Redman, Capt, tried, 380. 

Reed, Thomas. A. P. M. Gen., 43, 51. 

Regnier, Col., 44, 100. 

Ramsey, Nathaniel, Col., 82. 

Roxburg. Capt., 105. 

Russell, Thomas C., 110, 112. 

Rahl, Col., 302. 

Roe, Gaily, 325. 

Russell, Wm., Wag. Mr. Gen., 325. 

Roe, Jesse, Capt, trial of, 329. 

Recruiting in Pennsylvania, 225. 

Regiments of Maryland, 234. 

Report on Virginia lands, 489. 

Regulations for guard, 326. 

Schuyler, Gen., IT, 28, 529. 

Shepherd, Lieut., 19. 

Smith, Capt, 19. 

Sackett, Capt, 44. 

Smith, Lieut. Larkin, 51. 

Scott, Gen., 53, 58. 

Schott, Capt, 63. 

Stelle, Mr., D. P. M. Gen., 82. 

Spencer, Win., Ensign, 82. 

Bteuben, Baron, 89, 529. 

Swift, Gen.. 94. 

Stewart, Col., 98. 

Small wood, Gen., 105. 534. 

Stirling, Lord, 140, 528. 

Swope s Flying-Camp, 315. 

Supernumerary officers, 3S2. 

Spy hanged, 367. 

Society of Cincinnati, 467. 

Soldiers tried for mutiny, 331. 

Schuylkill riot, 349. 

Stray Horses, 350. 

Shanks, Thomas, a spy, hanged, 367. 



St. Clair, Gen., 527. 
Spencer, Gen., 530. 
Starke. Gen., 530. 

Thomas, Gen. John, 528. 

Tinnis House, 346. 

Ticonderoga, 22. 

Troup, Col. Robert, 31. 

Travers, Capt, 38. 

Tucker, Joseph, P. M , 44. 

Tapper, Col. Benjamin, 51. 

Towles, Col. Oliver, 52, 82, 137. 

Trumbull. Jonathan, P. M. Gen., 52. 

Turberville, John, 107. 

Tudor, Col. William, 134. 

Tariff of exchange, prisoners, 303. 

ThonMike v*. United States, 457. 

Treaty of Hopewell, 497. 

Van Rensselaer, James, 27. 
Valley Forge, last days at, 377. 
Van Schaick, Col. Goosse, 534. 
Varick, Col. Richard, 535. 
Varnum, Gen., 535. 

Warner, Col. Seth, 19, 27. 
Wooster, Gen. David, 26, 28, 529. 
Waterbury, Gen. David, 31. 
Williams, Capt, 4fi. 
Woolford, Gen., 46. 
White, Moses, P. M., 47. 
Washington, Gen., 50, 134, 525. 
Washington, Col. William, 135, 535. 
Washington, Gen., orders of, 326 to 381. 
Woodson, Tarleton, Maj., 136. 
Watts Flying-Camp, 319. 
Weedon, Gen. George, orders of, 841. 
Wilcox, Edward, Qr. Master, trial of, 381. 
White Clay Creek, 338. 
Washington s clock-work, 346. 
Wayne, Gen., trial of, 347, 535. 
Walker, James, deserts his wagon, 360. 
Webb, Lieut, tried, 367. 
Williams, Gen. O. H., 535. 
Willett, Col. Marinus, 535. 




PART I. 
COKRESPONDENCE 

OF 

DISTINGUISHED OFFICERS 

OF THE 

REVOLUTIONARY WAR, 

COMMENCING IN 1775; 

SHOWING THE DIFFEEENT LOCATIONS AND MOVEMENTS OF THE ARMY, AND 
THE FINANCIAL CONDITION OF THE COUNTRY IN 1780. 



TICONDEROGA, August 19, 1775. 

SIR : I request you will cause the three companies of New 
Hampshire Rangers under your command to march with all dis 
patch to the mouth of Onion River, taking care to give the General 
such timely notice as may enable him to furnish them with provis 
ions and boats, and such further orders as he may judge expedient. 
I am, sir, your most humble servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY, Brig r Gen l. 
Col. BEDEL, ) 

Of the New Hampshire forces. ) 

TICONDEROGA, August 31, 1775. 

SIR : This will be delivered you by an officer of Col. Hinman s 
regiment, together with a boat, which I hope will be sufficient to 
carry you and his parties to Isle-aux-Noix, where you will join me 
without delay. Should the boat be insufficient to carry all the 



18 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

men, you will try to procure craft there ; and if none are to be liad, 
you will send a few men to this place to the commanding officer, 
acquainting him with what number of men may be left, that he 
may dispatch boats to you for their transportation. 
I am, sir, your humble servant, 

PH. SCHUYLER. 
Col. BEDEL, Onion River. 

TICONDEROGA, Sept 16, 1775. 

SIR : I received yours of the 14th, informing me of your arrival 
at the Onion River with a number of men ; also of the insufficiency 
of the boats, and your request for more from this place. 

I am obliged to inform you that it is not in my power at present 
to send them, as the whole of the boats went on from thence this 
day. Notwithstanding I do all in my power to furnish boats to 
forward the men as they come to hand, there are now about five or 
six companies lying here and a number at Fort George. How the 
General expects me to forward the troops I know not. I should 
think best to send down to the army for boats, and send some craft 
for provisions ; otherwise I think the army must retreat for want, 
unless we send provisions instead of men. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

BENJAMIN HINMAN. 
Col. BEDEL, at Onion, or elsewhere, ) 
on Lake Champlain. ) 

CAMP NEAR ST. JOHNS, Sept. 19, 1775. 

SIR : I have this instant received yours. The party is now pre 
paring to carry you some flour and intrenching tools. Young 
troops are not so expeditious as could be wished. I will send the 
money by the commanding officer. Somebody must be employed 
to act as commissary to purchase provisions. As far as my money 
will go, they shall be paid directly. If the Paymaster does not 
join us before that happens, they must give us credit, for I have but 
little. Have you a party at La Prairie ? 

In haste, your most obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY, Brig r Gen l. 
Col. BEDEL, northward of St. Johns. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 19 

CAMP NEAR ST. JOHNS, Sept. 20, 1775. 

SIR: I have the pleasure to acquaint you of the arrival of the 
New York Artillery Company, and every instant I look for a con 
siderable reinforcement of other troops. The Paymaster-general 
has also arrived, with cash. 

Be so good as to send off a trusty Indian or Canadian to the 
Caughnawaga Castle with the string of wampum (which the bearer 
will deliver you) and the following message : 

" Brethren, when I had the pleasure of seeing your chiefs, in my 
camp near St. Johns, after our treaty of friendship and neutrality 
was concluded, I told them there was a present from the twelve 
United Colonies for the Caughnawaga tribes, consisting of 400, 
York money ; but that my treasurer was not arrived with the 
money ; that I expected him soon, and promised to let you know 
when he came. Conformable to my promise, I take the first op 
portunity of acquainting you that the money is ready, and I desire 
to know when you will come to receive it." 

You have, I suppose, appointed a trusty Commissary. He must 
keep his accounts with the utmost exactness, and be upon his oath, 
as every ration of provisions must be accounted for. 

Should Colonel Warner want a little cash for his people, I can 
now give it to him. 

I hope there is the strictest discipline kept up, that our friends 
may have no reason to complain of us. 

I make no doubt that you have a good lookout towards La 
Prairie. Should regular troops venture into those roads, I think 
your woodmen will give a good account of them. Should you 
have any accounts of their bringing artillery with them, it will be 
necessary to fell timber across the roads. 

Tell Major Elmore that I desire Lieutenant Sheppard, who acted 
as officer of marines on board of one of the vessels, may come this 
day to our camp he being wanted here as an evidence with re 
spect to Captain Smith. 

I would wish to see Major Brown, if he can be spared for a few 
days. 

I have taken your corned beef, which you shall be reimbursed 



20 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

for, with thanks. I wish for a return of the people under your 
command, particularly Major Brown s party, as, perhaps, there may 
be some missing. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 
Col. BEDEL, north side St. Johns. 



CAMP SOUTH SIDE ST. JOHNS, Sept. 24, 1775. 

SIR : It is impossible to send you a marque. Perhaps, by ap 
plying to some of the regiments you are acquainted with you may 
get one. 

Mr. Fink will deliver you twenty half Johanneses, amounting to 
sixty-four pounds seven shillings, for which he has given his receipt. 
By the General s order, 

JOHN MACPHERSON, Aid-de-Camp. 
Col. BEDEL, north side St. Johns. 



CAMP SOUTH SIDE ST. JOHNS, Sept. 25, 1775. 

SIR : I send to acquaint you that the garrison have a consider 
able party bringing timber out of the woods not far from your ad 
vanced guard. We judge they are preparing to lay the ways for a 
vessel ready to be launched. Pray, don t let them carry on this 
work undisturbed. Their covering parties are regulars, I think. I 
have information from a prisoner, who was taken attempting to go 
into the fort on your side, that he carried verbal orders for the 
garrison to attempt an escape to Quebec. For God s sake, have an 
eye over them, and send an express to Allen, if he be not yet ar 
rived. It might prevent the success of the Kennebec expedition, 
should this garrison get down safe. 

We have a battery of two twelve-pounders just ready to play on 
the ship-yards with hot shot. Our mortar-battery will be ready 
before night. 

I have just received yours by Mr. Livingston. I approve exceed 
ingly of your plan, if it can be done without risk of weakening 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 21 

your present post, which might facilitate the escape of the garrison. 
If you go to Montreal, pay the utmost attention to good order. 
I am, sir, with earnest wishes for your success, 
Your obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 
Col. BEDEL. 

CAMP NEAR ST. JOHNS, Sept. 28, 1775. 

SIR : I have just been favored with yours. You do not tell me 
how many men you have. I should imagine you were sufficiently 
strong. However, I send you to-morrow, according to your desire, 
Easton s regiment. I shall send you money by that opportunity. 
You have nothing to do but send for money when you want it. 
This I have told you before. 

I don t know which is the oldest officer, you or Colonel Easton. 
Should he be eldest, you will impart to him all such instructions as 
you have received. I would wish you to keep a good officer and 
party on the other side, to watch the garrison when they attempt 
to retire. It is much more probable they will march on that side 
than on yours, where the difficulties to encounter are much greater. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 
Col. BEDEL, north side St. Johns. 

CAMP NEAR ST. JOHNS, Sept. 29, 1775. 

SIR : The young gentleman who brought up the rum to your 
post some days since, promised to get a quantity of necessaries for 
our men. When he arrives, or if they can be gotten at La Prairie, 
those who are absolutely in want of them must have them ; but it 
must be on credit for some time, or for Continental money, as the 
hard money must be kept to pay for provisions. 

You will please order your detached parties to send in their ac 
counts soon, that I may see how money is laid out, for I think it 
goes away fast. Cannot Mr. Phelps discharg-e the contractor s 
business at all the posts, that I may have accounts on this head 
only with one person ? 



22 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

I must observe to you that I understood from you, at Ticondero- 
ga, that your men were completely equipped for the field. I do 
not know what footing the troops of your province are on. I shall, 
therefore, be obliged to make a charge against New Hampshire for 
any money advanced to them, till I shall have received instructions 
from the Continental Congress. 

If there are any stores still remaining of those taken by Major 
Brown let me have a return of them, that I may give orders for 
their distribution. 

I am, sir, with anxious wishes for your success, 
Your most obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 
Col. BEDEL, north side St. Johns. 

(ENDORSED.) 

The Canadians complain that your Commissary treats them 
roughly. The General desires that they may be kindly treated, 
and those employed supplied with provisions. 

JOHN MACPHERSON, Aid-de-Camp. 

CAMP NEAR ST. JOHNS, Oct. 2, 1775. 

SIR : Last night I received yours. The cannon shall be ready 
this evening, if you will send a party for them to go down in the 
boat, as also the ammunition. They may go down with the great 
est safety from the enemy. We bad a whale-boat with a few men 
landed the other night at Mr. Robinson s house, and brought away 
the glass-doors a proof that they had no look-out on the water. 

The mutiny of the Canadians I treat as a joke, nor do I see how 
two pieces of cannon should change their minds, if it were so. I 
wait for a large mortar and a considerable reinforcement, to take 
post on a hill to the westward, with most of my artillery, in order 
to destroy their defences and make my approaches. The troops 
must now be on their way. 

The report of Arnold s arrival at Quebec seems to gain ground. 
I think it extremely probable. I imagine it will throw a damp on 
the people of Montreal. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 23 

Let a small party, if possible, be kept at Longueille. Do send 
me a keg or two of wine. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 
Col. BEDEL, north side St. Johns. 

CAMP SOUTH SIDE ST. JOHNS, Oct. 4, 1775. 

SIR : To the best of my recollection, I have already answered 
yon on the subject of provision for the Canadians. Those who are 
our friends must certainly be supported. Any guns you can pur 
chase you will deliver to such Canadians as may be depended upon, 
taking a receipt for the delivery of them. It will be necessary to 
be upon your guard against imposition, otherwise a man may sell 
you his own gun and obtain it from you again by the intervention 
of a friend. You must therefore consult Captain Dugan or Mr. 
Livingston, or some other person acquainted with the parties con 
cerned. You may send the sick you mention Tvhen you please. I 
wish you would send some rum and some wine for the sick. The 
expedition against the schooner did not succeed. I hope you got 
the boat our people let go down the rapids, 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 

Col. BEDEL, north side St. Johns. 

LA PRAIRIE, Oct. 4, 1775. 

SIR : After due regards, I have found but one hogshead of rum 
at this place for sale, which costs four livres per gallon by the hogs 
head, which is the highest price I ever gave for rum in my life ; but 
knowing the necessity of the army, I have bought the same. You 
know that I had no money when I left your camp I am stayed 
as a pledge for the same. Please to let the General know it, and 
send me some money by some good man, as I may never go off the 
ground until I pay for the same. Also our army there want some 
supplies, and our camp will soon want. I am going to Longueille 
to buy some more rum, if I can find it. I shall be glad of haste in 
this affair, and you will oblige, 

Your humble servant at command, 

Col. BEDEL. NOAH PflELPS. 



CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

AT MR. HAZEN S, OPPOSITE ST. JOHNS, ] 
October 5, 1775. ) 

DEAR SIR : Just now arrived here a small reinforcement of Ca 
nadians, but no provisions. Flour we can make but little use of 
here ; and if we mean to open an intrenchment here, it will require 
twenty men at least to furnish us with bread, rum, &c., constantly. 
The Canadians are far from being content, and unless they can be 
supplied with provisions they will drop off by degrees, and all my 
art will not prevail to make them stay. I beg you will pay atten 
tion to this and endeavor to furnish us with beef, bread, &c. 

You must be sensible it would be a dishonor to me to begin an 
intrenchment, battery, &c., and be obliged to quit it for want of 
provisions. Major Elmore promised me some camp-kettles, but has 
not been as good as his word. We have only two in the camp, 
and beg you will send us five or six, and you will oblige 
Your most obedient servant, 

JAMES LIVINGSTON. 
Col. BEDEL, below the rapids, St. Johns. 

CAMP SOUTH SIDE ST. JOHNS, Oct. 5, 1775. 

SIR: I send you by Captain Fossett 212 17s. Id., York money. 
You will pay for what shoes and stockings I have not paid for (I 
paid for those purchased by Thomas Dugan), and furnish Mr. Phelps 
with whatever money may be wanting. As for the 60 you de 
sire, I must tell you hard cash is very scarce, and I would, there 
fore, be glad if you could defer giving your men any money. If 
they must have necessaries, supply them as sparingly as possible, 
until we get more cashj for if we have not ready money to pay for 
provisions, we shall be ill supplied. Take what you want on credit, 
if you can. I am surprised to hear the rum is expended. There 
was a great deal bought. I am afraid it is used too freely a great 
deal. Our situation absolutely requires it, but I must confess I am 
uneasy at such an expenditure. You have not sent any wine for 
the sick or the officers here. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 
Col. BEDEL, north side St. Johns. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 25 

CAMP SOUTH SIDE ST. JOHNS, Oct. 13, 1775. 

SIR : I have been just favored with yours, inclosing your re 
turns, &c. I have great pleasure in telling you that your orders 
are those of an officer of experience and attention to his duty. It 
is not your fault, I believe, that you have been frequently obliged 
to repeat them. But I must again observe that in your letter of 
the 6th inst. you have confessed that " several officers have refused 
giving an account of stores taken from the enemy." Those officers 
you should certainly have brought to justice. Your Commissary 
has also palpably disobeyed your order of the 26th September, 
where you forbid him to draw wine on any order but that of the 
commanding officer or doctor. It is to little purpose to give or 
ders if offenders are not called to account. The ignorance of the 
common soldier may sometimes excite mercy, but the officer can 
not plead in the same manner, and I am therefore of opinion you 
should begin with him. The Commissary must be answerable for 
a great part of the wine to the public. It has not been disposed 
of according to your orders or my intentions. 

Be so good as to have the guard re-established at Chambli. It 
has not been taken away by my orders, as I recollect. 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 

Col. BEDEL, north side St. Johns. 

CAMP SOUTH SIDE ST. JOHNS, Oct. 26, 1775. 

SIR : I have this instant been favored with yours, and am 
pleased to hear the nine-pounder and royals are arrived at your 
post, with the gin. Have you a place to land the cannon ? Let 
them be mounted, if you think they can be drawn to the battery on 
their own carriages. If that is thought difficult, a large sled must 
be made for that purpose, and the cannon must be drawn on the 
sled to the battery and there mounted. Consult Col. Mott on this 
matter. I shall send almost everybody from hence to your post. 
Indeed, I shall go myself. Mr. Phelps must be informed our num 
bers to be victualled at your post will be doubled at least. Some 
go to day. Send some trusty Canadians to take down two twelve- 

2 



26 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

pounders this night. I would not choose to begin our works until 
we are well able to maintain them. You know the distance is 
small, and no obstacle in the way. The garrison can be with us in 
fifteen minutes. Let there be plenty of fascines, plank for platforms, 
and sleepers. In short, let Col. Mott take care that nothing is 
wanting. To-morrow I hope to send a considerable corps of troops. 
Let Col. Campbell s stores remain at your post till further orders. 
I agree with you it will be expedient to disturb the enemy when 
we .begin. 

If the works our people raised against Chambli be not already 
destroyed, it should be done immediately. Write to the Com 
mandant. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 
Col. BEDEL, north side St. Johns. 



CAMP SOUTH SIDE ST. JOHNS, Oct. 27, 1775. 

SIR: I think it exceedingly necessary that General Wooster 
should be accommodated with a house. You will, therefore, be so 
good as to have one got ready for him. I am told that which 
Major Elmore occupies is the most suitable. Should any repairs be 
found necessary, do let them be done immediately, as the General 
will be there to-day. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 
Col. BEDEL, north side St. Johns. 



November 15, 1775, 

The General embraces this happy occasion of making his ac 
knowledgment to the troops for their patience and perseverance 
during the course of a fatiguing campaign. They merited the ap 
plause of their grateful countrymen. He is now ready to fulfil the 
engagements of the public. Passes, together with boats and pro 
visions, shall be furnished upon application, from the commanding 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 27 

officers of regiments, for such as choose to return home, yet he en 
treats the troops not to lay him under the necessity of abandoning 
Canada ; of undoing in one day what has been the work of months ; 
of restoring to an enraged, and hitherto disappointed enemy, the 
means of carrying on a cruel war into the very bowels of their 
country. Impressed with a just sense of the spirit of the troops ; 
their attachment to the interests of the United Colonies ; and of 
their regard to their own honor, he flatters himself that none will 
leave him at this critical juncture but such whose affairs or health 
absolutely require their return home. 

He has still hopes, notwithstanding the advanced season of the 
year, should he be seconded by the generous valor of the troops, 
hitherto highly favored by Providence, to reduce Quebec, in con 
junction with the troops which have penetrated by the Kennebec 
River, and hereby deprive the ministerial army of all their footing 
in this important province. 

Those who engage in this honorable cause shall be furnished 
completely with every article of clothing requisite for the rigor of 
the climate, blanket-coats, coats, waistcoat and breeches, one pair of 
stockings, two shirts, leggins, sacks, shoes, mittens, and a cap, at the 
Continental charge, and one dollar bounty. The troops are only 
requested to engage to the 15th of April. They shall be dis 
charged sooner if the expected reinforcement arrives before that 

time. 

JAMES VAN RENSSELAER, Aide-de-Camp. 

MONTREAL, Nov. 16, 1775. 

SIR : You will proceed down the river with Lieutenant-colonel 
Warner s regiment and your own corps, keeping as close to the 
enemy as an attention to the safety of the troops under your com 
mand will admit of. The circumstances and situation of things 
must point out how you are to act. I have it much at heart to 
harass the enemy in their retreat, and if possible to get possession 
of any or all their vessels, especially that with the powder. All 
public stores, except ammunition and provisions, shall be given to 
the troops who take them. Above all, I am anxious to secure the 



28 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

persons of the Governor and General Prescott, and also to release 
Mr. Walker, and any other prisoners who may be on board. 

Should the enemy be so fortunate as to pass the Sorel, you will 
attend them at a convenient distance until you join Colonel Arnold, 
if that can be done. I shall follow with the artillery and main 
body of the army as fast as possible. 

If the enemy be passed the Sorel, Colonel Easton will embark his 
artillery and proceed along with you. I furnish you with cash for 
provisions, &c., for the use of the troops under your command. 
Your most obedient servant, 

RICHARD MONTGOMERY. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, MONTREAL, December 4, 1775. 

SIR : I am informed that St. Luke La Come is exceedingly ill, not 
able to cross the lake, therefore you will permit him to return to 
Boucherville. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

DAVID WOOSTER, Brig. Gen. 
Col. BEDEL. 

TICONDEROQA, December 16, 1775. 

SIR : When General Schuyler left this post he gave me the fol 
lowing instruction " If the prisoners from St. Johns should not 
be able to reach this place by water, you will send to them to come 
on by land, leaving the baggage, with an inventory thereof, with 
the commanding officer at that post, to be forwarded as soon as it 
can." The above instruction related to the prisoners that have 
been already sent forward. To pursue the same method with those 
under your command, is as proper a mode as any I can recommend. 
Lake George is passable with boats. They are at present employed 
for important purposes. 

The committee from Congress left this post the first instant. I 
shall afford you all the assistance in my power, consistent with or 
ders from General Schuyler. 

I am, sir, your very humble servant, 

JAMES HOLMES, Col. and Com. 
Col. TIMOTHY BEDEL. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 29 

TICONDEROGA, December 18, 1775. 

SIR : The batteaux are detained for the purpose of carrying the 
prisoners across Lake George, agreeable to your request ; and other 
important business is omitted, which I have the General s express 
commands to prosecute, if you intend to tread the path the Gen 
eral has chalked out. 

Please to make all dispatch possible, otherwise I cannot detain 
the boats, as I shall be answerable for disobeying the General s or 
ders : not only so, the boats will be frozen in. Your answer is 
earnestly requested. 

I am, sir, your very humble servant, 

JAMES HOLMES, 

Col. commanding at this point. 
Col. TIMOTHY BEDEL, at Crown Point. ) 
(By John Row, a sergeant.) } 

TICONDEROGA, Dec. 20, 1775. 

SIR : Yours of the 18th instant I received yesterday afternoon. 
The person who brought it tired his horse, is the reason why it 
came so late to hand. Three horse-sleds are all that are in my 
power. The roads are so bad that it is impossible for them to come 
till the lake is frozen over, that they can come on the ice. 
I am, sir, your humble servant, 

JAMES HOLMES. 
Col. BEDEL, at Crown Point. 

WAR OFFICE, BALTIMORE, Feb. 24, 1777. 

SIR : Congress having received intelligence of the enemy s being 
reinforced in New Jersey very considerably, it becomes absolutely 
necessary, both for the preservation of the army under General 
Washington, and to check the progress of our cruel and remorse 
less invaders, that he be joined immediately by all the forces which 
can possibly be procured. You have the resolve of Congress on 
that head, inclosed by direction of the Board of War, with which 
they request you will instantly comply, by sending all the men 
raised in your regiment. Let them bring what arms, blankets, and 
clothes they have or can by any means obtain, and the deficiency 
will be supplied at Philadelphia or Head-quarters. Let" nothing 



30 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

delay your immediate march, either by companies or parts of com 
panies, as you can get them together, as the safety of our country 
much depends on the exertions of its army at this trying period ; 
and it is hoped no care or pains of yours will be wanting, when all 
we hold dear and valuable demand them. 

I have the honor to be your very humble servant, 

RICHARD PETERS, Secretary. 
Lieut. Col. ANTILL. 

BOSTON, April 27, 1777. 

SIR : I received your letter dated the 6th, which came to hand 
on the 20th, requesting a return of the company under my com 
mand, to which, sir, I send the same inclosed. I have enlisted ten 
men at Boston, which you will see in the return, who have gone to 
Peekskill and received their States bounty. Colonel Crane says he 
will exchange them for men his officers enlisted at Gorsey and York, 
as soon as his arrival at camp. I think it likely I can enlist a con 
siderable number more of men if I am furnished with money. I 
have received but six hundred dollars, and have borrowed one hun 
dred and thirty since. My officers have received no money for re 
cruiting. I let Captain-lieutenant Freeman have two hundred 
dollars of my recruiting money at Morristown, which makes me two 
hundred and twenty dollars out of my own money for recruiting. 

I have sent Mr. Jagur, one of my sergeants, with this return, and 
if you think proper I should tarry any longer on the recruiting 
business, send me your orders and four or five hundred dollars by 
him, and his receipt shall make me answerable for the money. 

I have not known of any appointment of one first-lieutenant and 
one second-lieutenant. Your appointment of them will satisfy me. 

Captain Mansfield sends his compliments to you, and has not 
time to write, as the bearer is waiting. The clothing is almost 
ready, and he expects to march on Friday. If you can purchase 
any flannel for waistcoats it would be better, for we can t get but 
one hundred. 

Sir, I am your humble servant, 

JOTHAM DRURY, Capt. of Artillery. 

Col. JOHN LAMB, N. Y. Artillery. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 31 

STANFORD, August 25, 1777. 

GENTLEMEN : It may be remembered that I sent the expense of 
my raising a regiment of men to go to Long Island to disarm the 
tories by order of Congress, and at the same time I desired you, 
gentlemen, to let me know if there would be any wages allowed to 
the men that were raised for that purpose after engaged, until dis 
charged by Congress; and Mr. Davenport told me it was your 
minds for me to send the pay bounty in, and you would consider 
the same as you should find it right. I have collected the pay-rolls 
in as good order as I could from the several captains, and have made 
out a regimental pay-roll from the same, and send both for your 
consideration. The time was but short they stood engaged ; but 
the temper of soldiers is to not lose any time, and they are often 
troubling me about their pay for that service, so I should like it as 
a favor if you would let me know, as soon as you conveniently can, 
whether you allow any thing or not. I thought it would not be 
worth while for me to come to Hartford, as you, gentlemen, could 
consider it as well without me as with me ; and it would be some 
expense and trouble to come to Hartford ; and as for my own part, 
I want nothing for my time nor trouble while I was engaged. 
I am, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

DAVID WATERBURY, JB 

Continental Commissioners at \ 
Hartford, Cona. f 

ALBANY, Feb. 23, 1778 

DEAR COLONEL : The Marquis de La Fayette, who is appointed 
to command an expedition into Canada, has something of import 
ance to communicate to you, which he cannot do without seeing 
you. I am therefore in his name to request you would repair to 
Albany with all expedition, that the public business may not suffer 
by any delay. 

I am, dear colonel, your humble servant, 

ROBERT TROUT, 

Aid-de-Camp to Major-general Gates. 
Col. BEDEL, commanding at Coos. ) 
(By express.) ) 



32 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

CAMP, VALLEY FORGE, April 15, 1778. 

SIR : Having had a personal interview with. Capt. Lenox, you 
may depend on his being among the first of those who are hereafter 
exchanged. I ought to have announced your exchange to you 
long ago, as it has taken place ever since January last, but my at 
tention has been so taken up with the greater distresses of our un 
happy prisoners, that it slipped my memory, except putting it in 
general orders. 

The inclosed will be the most convincing evidence of the transac 
tion, on which I heartily congratulate you. 

I am, sir, your very humble servant, 

ELIAS BOUDINOT, Com. Gen. Prisoners. 
Capt. ALEXANDER GRAYDON, ) 

3d Pa. Reg t > 

WAR OFFICE, November 9, 1778. 

GENTLEMEN : Capt. Baldesqui, Paymaster to Pulaski s Legion, 
is very necessary to the General in carrying on the detail of his 
corps. He has written very pressingly for Capt. Baldesqui s joining 
him ; but this cannot be done, as he is waiting for the settlement of 
his accounts, which have been presented to you for that purpose. 

You will see by the resolves of Congress for raising this corps, 
what articles Gen. Pulaski was to find at a stipulated price. His 
Legion was received by order of Congress, and in general these- arti 
cles had been provided. If there are any papers in our possession 
which will be necessary for your information, they shall be sent to 
you ; and I am to request that, if not inconsistent with your other 
engagements, you will be pleased to dispatch Capt. Baldesqui, who 
now makes a demand for another advance, which the Board do not 
think it right to recommend until they are satisfied by your certifi 
cate of the expenditure of the sums already received. Gen. PIT 
laski says it was impossible for him, from the rapid rise of prices, 
to comply with his engagements to Congress ; and therefore pro 
vided the articles enumerated at the current prices, and agreeably 
to this the accounts are made out. You will judge of the propri 
ety of this. 

I am, with great respect, your obedient servant, 

Commissioners of Accounts. RICHARD PETERS. 



OF THE REVOLUTION ART WAR. 33 

ELIZABETHTOWN, Dec. 20, 1778. 

SIR : Mr. Lewis Johnston Costigin, of the city of New Bruns 
wick, N. J., was appointed a first-lieutenant in the first regiment of 
Jersey, in the year 1775, and served in said regiment until the new 
arrangement for the eighty-eight battalions, when he was again 
continued as first-lieutenant, and taken prisoner and remained so 
for upwards of two years, in which time he was left out in the new 
arrangement of the army. And I likewise certify that he has not 
drawn either pay or rations in the first Jersey regiment from his 
last appointment, from the 13th day of November, 1776, to the 18th 
day of December, 1778, inclusive; as witness, 

MATHIAS OGDEN, Col. 1st N. J. Reg t. 

[No address.] 

PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 81, 1779. 

SIR : You will receive, herewith inclosed, a copy of an act of 
Congress of the 30th inst., directing the Paymaster of the Board of 
War to transmit to you a certain sum of money for the current ex 
penses of the army. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

JOHN JAY, President. 
Col. WM. PALFREY. 

YORKTOWN, March 27, 1779. 

GENTLEMEN : By a resolve of Congress, I am ordered to South 
Carolina with my Legion, and to leave Capt. Baldesqui, Paymaster 
of the Corps, to settle my accounts with you concerning said corps. 
Some receipts were lost in the hands of Lieutenant-colonel Boze, 
who has been killed at Egg Harbor ; but I hope that will make no 
great difficulties, being persuaded you do depend enough on my 
honor to pass over such matter. I hope also you will be kind 
enough to dispatch Capt. Baldesqui as soon as you possibly can, 
and I will remain, with much gratitude and esteem, 

Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

C. PULASKI, General. 
To the Gentlemen Auditors of the ) 
Army, Esquires, at Camp. ) 
; 2* 



34- CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

WAR OFFICE, April 19, 1778. 

SIR : At the request of Capt. Baldesqui, I now inclose for your 
inspection a copy of the payments made to Count Pulaski and him 
self, for the^ pay and other expenses of the Legion, amounting to 
133,500 dollars; the charges in the. abstract will show the purposes 
for which the sums respectively were advanced. The last sum of 
35,000 dollars was paid only a few days ago to General Pulaski 
for the recruiting services of his Legion. It will therefore be out 
of the power of Capt. Baldesqui to account at present for the above 
sum, he having had no returns from the General that show how it 
has been expended. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

Auditors of Accounts. JOSEPH CARLETON, Secretary. 

PHILADELPHIA, May 15, 1779. 

GENTLEMEN : The accounts of General Count Pulaski and Capt. 
Baldesqui have been carefully examined, amounting to 105,111^ 
dollars, and compared with as many vouchers as are produced ; but 
as many are wanting such as muster-rolls and receipts for several 
articles, and some articles for large sums are guessed at, as will ap 
pear by his remarks herewith I find that I cannot settle said ac 
counts, they not being agreeable to the resolves of Congress and 
orders of the Board of Treasury. It appears that the General and 
Paymaster have received at sundry times 181,286 dollars. The 
General, in a letter to the Auditors of the 27th of March, mentions 
that some receipts were lost by Colonel Boze, who was killed at 
Egg Harbor, but hopes that will make no difficulty, as he is per 
suaded we shall depend on his honor to pass over that matter. 

The accounts of Captain Baldesqui, amounting to 44,706|-l dol 
lars, are not agreeable to the resolves of Congress or Board of 
Treasury he having not produced any receipts for either officer or 
private ; instead of which, he produces certificates at the bottom of 
each account, that the account is true and exact, and that the 
amount of each has been paid by his Paymaster from all which 
it appears that these accounts as rendered cannot be settled. 

JAMES JOHNSTON, Auditor. 
Board of Treasury. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 35 

PHILADELPHIA, July 28, 1779. 
The Honorable Gentlemen, Members of Congress : 

I went to camp a few days after General Count Pulaski s de 
parture for South Carolina, for the purpose of settling the accounts 
of the Legion with the Auditors of the Army, according to the reso 
lution of the honorable Congress. 

The Auditors told me they had so much business in hands at 
that time that they did not believe they could be able to look over 
said accounts before three weeks or a month ; in consequence 
whereof I determined to go to Boston, as I had some business there. 
I gave to said Auditors all the papers I received from Count Pulaski 
concerning the Legion, together with all the payments made by me 
to the officers and privates, and told them we should settle at my 
coming back. 

I happened to be sick during my stay at Boston, which obliged 
me to be absent longer than I thought I should have been ; and 
found at my arrival at camp the Auditors had already visited the 
accounts, and made such report to the Treasury Board as to induce 
you, gentlemen, to pass a resolve, which has since been published 
in the newspapers, and which seems greatly to my disadvantage. 

General Count Pulaski had begun his expenses for his Legion 
three months before I was appointed in it, and at that time almost 
all the business had been done by him, or some of the officers of 
his corps, who were so negligent as to lose several vouchers, which 
are now missing. This is a thing, gentlemen, I cannot help. Count 
Pulaski confesses it himself by a letter he wrote to the Auditors of 
the Army, which letter I delivered them ; and besides this, I add 
here a general receipt from Count Pulaski, by which he does ac 
knowledge I have given him an exact account of all the sums 
whatever I received for him, by order of the honorable Congress, 
during all the time I have been appointed in his corps. 

This is, gentlemen, the present situation of the accounts of the Le 
gion ; and though some of the vouchers have been lost, they are true 
and as exact and regular as I could possibly make them. I am fur 
thermore certain that Count Pulaski has laid out for the Legion at 
least fifty thousand dollars of his own money, which are not men- 



36 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

tioned in his accounts. However, gentlemen, should the regularity 
with which public business ought to be transacted not permit you 
to fully trust Count Pulaski s honor, in respect of the vouchers 
which have been lost, please to order the accounts to be settled in 
the manner you will think it the most right and best ; and as to 
the deficiency, whatever that shall be found in the said accounts, I 
know Count Pulaski well enough to be certain that he will pay it 
as soon as he will be informed thereof. 

As to my own accounts concerning the payments made to the 
officers and privates personally by me, the Auditors of the Army 
pretend also they are not regular, because I did not take a re 
ceipt from each of the privates to whom money was advanced. 
This might have been done very easily, but I did not think it was 
necessary nor very regular, because the greater part of them could 
not write their names. I therefore chose to keep their accounts as 
we are accustomed to do it in France that is, to pay the troops in 
presence of the captain of each company, and to make him certify 
the pay-rolls, together with the colonel and the general, which has 
been strictly done. 

I hope, gentlemen, you will consider that a foreigner cannot I>e 
acquainted with the customs of your country as well as yourselves, 
and you will please to take the necessary steps so as the Auditors 
of the Army may settle my accounts on the footing they now 
stand. 

I am in hopes, also, gentlemen, that by a future resolve of Con 
gress the effect of the former may be annulled. I mean that of the 
10th of June, which I suppose was made through mistake, since it 
may induce the public to think I have misbehaved. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

J. BALDESQUI. 

TREASURY OFFICE, Aug. 8, 1779. 

GENTLEMEN : The Board have received your letters of the 29th 
May, and 10th and 14th of July last, with their several inclosures. 
In answer to them I am instructed to inform you that the ac 
counts of Mr. Kennon, Paymaster to the 6th Virginia regiment, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 37 

must be settled with you, as there are no Continental Auditors in 
Virginia. 

The Board are extremely sorry that any of the Regimental Pay 
masters should be so lost to a sense of duty to the public and 
their own reputations as to resign before they have settled their 
accounts. You are to call upon them to join the army immedi 
ately, in order to adjust them with you ; and if they neglect to 
attend for that purpose, their names will be reported to Congress 
as defaulters. 

The Board flatters themselves that this evil will be prevented in 
future, as the Commander-in-chief will not accept their resignations 
without certificates from you of their accounts being settled. 

The inconveniences arising from the allowance granted to officers 
for purchasing drums, fifes, and cockades, are unavoidable. Justice 
requires that they should be reimbursed. The Board, therefore, 
think proper to leave you at liberty to make such allowances for 
those articles to officers whose accounts are adjusted, as particular 
circumstances may render expedient. 

It is the opinion of the Board that the officers sent to superin 
tend the hospitals are comprehended in the resolve of Congress 
allowing three dollars per day to officers on command, not inci 
dental to their duty, and are of course entitled to the same allow 
ance. 

The Board are desirous that the pay of the clerks in your office 
should be adequate to their services, but recommend it to them to 
wait till the first of October next, when it is hoped the value of 
the money will be more fixed, and a regulation take place upon just 
and equitable principles. 

As the expense of horses and forage at this time is enormous, 
applications for horses on long marches should be made to the 
Commander-in-chief. 

I inclose you an act of Congress of the 29th ult., and an order 
of the Board of this day, together with a copy of a memorial tc 
Congress of Captain Baldesqui, respecting his accounts as Pay 
master to Count Pulaski s Legion, and also the accounts of Count 
Pulaski for money he has advanced to the Legion which sev- 



38 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

eral papers I transmit you for your government in settling said 
accounts. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient and very humble servant, 

ROBERT TROUP, Secretary. 

Messrs. JOHNSON and HOWELL, Auditors. 

PROVIDENCE, August 24, 1779. 

SIR : Captain Travers is returned from Philadelphia, and will 
soon be with you, after he shall have seen the new French Ambas 
sador at Boston. I beg you will send him again into Canada, and 
endeavor that no private dissensions obstruct the service. 

I am convinced of your zeal in our cause, and wish to have it in 
my power to prove to you that I am with sincerity, 

Sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

HORATIO GATES. 
To CoL BEDEL, at Coos. 

MORRISTOWN, Jan. 2, 1780. 

DEAR SIR : By this conveyance you have my monthly accounts 
for November and December. The balance is much less than what 
appears in the return having advanced to several Paymasters and 
other persons, by the general orders, about 120,000 dollars, in part 
of warrants which I design not to charge before the whole are paid. 
This reduces the real sum on hand to about 150,000 dollars a 
sura which makes but a small figure in this office, and evinces the 
necessity of a further supply, as the troops are now four months in 
arrears, three of which I design to pay on the arrival of the money 
I have lately requested. 

I am, dear sir, yours sincerely, 

JOHN PIERCE, Dep. Pay. Gen. 
JONATHAN BURRALL, Asst. Pay. Gen. 

PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 3, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : I inclose you a copy of a warrant which the 
Board of War have this day drawn, for 150,000 dollars, which I 
cannot answer without a further supply. As I have not more than 
50,000 in hand, I should think it best that a warrant be granted 



OF THE RE VOLUTION ART WAR. 39 

for at least 200,000 dollars, as the remainder will undoubtedly be 
wanted before the end of the month. 

I have the honor to be, gentlemen, 

Your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL, Asst. Pay. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 4, 1780. 

SIR: Yours of the 14th of November to Colonel Palfrey came 
to my hands in his absence. 

I sent you, under the care of Mr. Coffing, 150,000 dollars. You 
will be pleased to send Colonel Palfrey a receipt, as usual. 

The many pressing demands on the treasury has prevented me 
from obtaining the money earlier. As there is but one man to 
carry the money, I cannot send the books you requested. I should 
think you would not need any, except one to enter the monthly 
returns in, as they are entered in this office. On the receipt of 
your returns, it is not expected, and indeed there can be no advan 
tage in your keeping a waste-book and ledger. The Deputy Pay 
master-general at camp does not keep any. I have not yet received 
any returns from you. I shall expect them on the return of the 
bearer of this. 

I am your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
JOHN BOREMAM, Esq., ) 
Dep. Pay. Gen. at Fort Pitt J 

PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 5, 1780. 

SIR : You will herewith receive one million of dollars, forwarded 
under the care of Messrs. White, Gray, and Hunt, escorts. The 
demands on the treasury have been so pressing, and so many war 
rants waiting, that I have not been able to procure the money 
sooner, although the warrant for it was granted the 12th Decem 
ber. I likewise send you my account of advances in December. 

The discharged privates were paid in certificates from the Regi 
mental Paymasters, and it is probable they will not be included in 
the rolls. If so, it will save you the trouble of making the stoppage. 



40 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

I have not yet received your return for November, and have con 
cluded it must have miscarried. The Board of Treasury have or 
dered Mr. Reed to repair to Peekskill or West Point. They tell 
me they shall send a copy of the order to his Excellency or to you 
by this opportunity, to be forwarded to him. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
JOHN PIERCE, Esq. 

PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 7, 1780. 

SIR : I forwarded you two millions on the 22d ult., under the 
care of an escort, by whom I also send the Journals of Congress 
from the 1st of January to the 26th August, 1779, which I believe 
contain all the alterations of pay which concern your department 
since the established pay of the army, per resolves of Congress of 
May 27, 1778. 

I have since received yours of the 27th ^of September and 10th 
of November to Colonel Palfrey, inclosing a receipt from Mr. 
Lucas. The money he has not delivered, and your returns. 

As you are considered Deputy Paymaster-general for the southern 
arrny, it makes no difference what State you are in, and there can 
be no necessity for your keeping separate accounts. 

No pay is yet fixed for any person in the Paymaster-general s 
department. We are assured it shall be honorable, and rely on 
the justice of Congress to make it so ; and expect, whenever it is 
fixed, it will commence from May last. 

I now send you, per express, a draft on the Governor of South 
Carolina for two millions of dollars, which, together with the sum 
lately forwarded, I hope will be more than sufficient to pay all ar 
rearages. You will please acknowledge the receipt of the draft by 
the return of the bearer. I likewise inclose you an account of 
money advanced to the troops who are ordered to your department, 
which you will be pleased to stop if they make their next settle 
ment with you. When the General grants a warrant for a sum to 
be advanced for any special purpose, there can be no occasion for 
the Auditors to. inspect it ; but it should be entered in their books, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 41 

as it is probable the person will account for the expenditure of it 
with them. 

The musters must always be delivered to you by the Regimental 
Paymasters with the pay-rolls, that you may compare them, and 
certify the sums due. They afterwards go to the Auditors to be 
examined ; and are both left, and the warrant only (in which the 
purpose for which it is paid should be specified) left with you. 
This is the practice in the main army. By a resolve of Congress a 
certificate is necessary from the Deputy Paymaster-general where 
they received pay last, specifying the time to which the regiment 
has been paid ; but it has sometimes been dispensed with. Indeed, 
there cannot be much danger of a whole regiment drawing pay for 
the same month twice, as we cannot suppose all the officers who sign 
the different rolls would concur in it. With single persons, or small 
detachments, it ought not to be dispensed with if it can be avoided. 

Since writing the above, Congress have drawn on the Commis 
sioners of the Continental Loan Office in South Carolina for 200,000 
dollars, to be transmitted to you, which draft I likewise inclose you. 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL, Asst. Pay. Gen. 
JOSEPH CLAY, Esq., ) 

Dep. Pay. Gen. Southern Dep t. $ 

MORRISTOWN, Jan. 8, 1780. 

SIR : It is now seven months since I have had the appointment 
as Deputy Paymaster-general to the main army, and during that 
time have not mentioned to the Congress that no allowance has 
been given me or my department. 

It is hard to sacrifice the best part of a person s life in a service 
where he is not certain what reward he shall receive, or that it will 
be equal to the sacrifices he makes, the attention he pays to the 
business, or its importance in the general scale. Besides, in the 
choice of assistants, gentlemen whose abilities and character will 
..nswer the importance of the trust, will rarely venture to leave a 
certain income for one which is unknown ; which, perhaps, may 
be less than what they would have reason to hope in any other 
station for which reasons, I would wish that the pay of my de- 



42 COEEESPONDENCE OF OFFICEES 

partment was stated, and that the advantages which shall accrue 
to us may be known, that I may be enabled to continue gentle 
men already in the department, and engage others which shall be 
equal to the business. 

The variety which passes through my hands is too great for 
the few employed, and I wish to have sufficient assistance to trans 
act every part of it with the greatest exactness. 

I have observed a resolve of Congress, of December the 28th, 
that all letters to officers of the line and general officers, which 
come by post, should be free. I would wish to know if the gentle 
men who are in the staff of the army were designedly excluded. 

In the course of my business I am necessarily involved in con 
siderable postage ; but independent of that, as I partake in common 
with the other officers in the public service, a distinction held out 
between us implies a demerit somewhere, which I should be unwil 
ling to own, and which I do not believe the honorable Congress 
ever intended. 

Having the most perfect reliance in the justice of the Congress, 
who, I do not doubt, will give every encouragement to the depart 
ment which they merit, I would beg leave to subscribe myself, with 
the most perfect esteem and respect, 

Your Excellency s most humble servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
To th/e President of Congress. 

MORRISTOWN, Jan. 9, 1780. 

DEAR SIR : You may see by the inclosed letters, that his Excel 
lency has thought proper to have you pay the troops during this 
winter at West Point. It is supposed you have a sum of money 
on hand. I would be much obliged to know how much, as I am 
directed to furnish you with a small sum from my chest, to enable 
you to discharge the pay of the troops to the first of November. 
His Excellency particularly desires you to lose no time in coming 
to that post. The troops have suffered sufficiently, without the 
addition of want of money. I shall send you a number of war 
rants in favor of Paymasters in that department, as also an account 
of stoppages, as soon as I hear of your arrival. I have stopped 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 43 

the money you desired, which I shall transmit to you at West 

Point. 

Your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
THOMAS REED, Esq., Albany. 

MORRISTOWN, Jan. 12, 1780. 

DEAR SIR : The money which I received the other day was not 
sufficient to pay the troops for a longer time than the first of Octo 
ber which payment has already exhausted the chest. His Excel 
lency directed me to reserve 300,000 dollars for Mr. Reed, which I 
shall send him in a few days. Had the other million arrived with 
the last, it would have made the troops contented for a considera 
ble time ; but now November and December must be paid together, 
and I am fearful that the contingencies of clothing, recruiting, &c., 
will make it necessary that a larger sum than has been requested 
should be sent. I wish, however, to have that forwarded as soon 
as possible, and to know when I may expect it, that the business 
may be regulated accordingly. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
J. BURRALL, Asst. Pay. Gen. 

MORRISTOWN, Jan. 16, 1780. 

SIR : By his Excellency s direction, I have sent in the care of 
Lieutenant Sherman 250,000 dollars, for the use of the troops un 
der your command, to be delivered to Thomas Reed, Esq., Deputy 
Paymaster-general, who, it is expected, by this time has arrived 
from Albany. If he has not, I should take it as a particular favor 
if the money could be lodged in your care until his arrival. Our 
necessities are so great that a larger sum could not be sent from 
the department. It is hoped Mr. Reed has a sum on hand, which 
lie will bring from Albany; and that both these will be suf 
ficient to discharge the arrears of the army to the 1st of November, 
the time to which the troops are paid in this department. 
I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 

Major-general HEATH. ) 
(By Lieut. Sherman.)) 



44 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

MORRISTCWN, Jan. 16, 1789. 

DEAR SIR : By Lieutenant Sherman you will receive 250,000 
dollars, which, with the sum you have already in hand, will enable 
you to pay to the 1st of November, the time to which the troops 
are paid in this department. 

I believe his Excellency expects you to pay on Major-general 
Heath s warrants. I waited on him for directions on that point, 
and his secretary informed me that the General thought that the 
best mode of proceeding. 

You will note that the subsistence lately given to the army does 
not include militia, who remain yet at 10 dollars. For that reason, 
I have inclosed the abstract and pay-rolls of Colonel Graham s 
regiment, being made out at 100. 

I have advanced 700 dollars to Major Hull, of the 8th Massa 
chusetts regiment : the order on the Paymaster is inclosed, which 
you will oblige me to receive. 

I have in my hands, for stoppages made for you from Lieutenant 
Betts, 110 dollars, Colonel Regnier, 290 dollars, and Captain Sack- 
ett 260, which, when you receive Major Hull s, will remain a bal 
ance of 60 dollars due me. 

I have advanced by his Excellency s warrant 10,000 dollars to 
Ensign Joseph Tucker, Paymaster of the 7th Massachusetts regi 
ment, on account of the pay of the regiment, which, when you stop, 
as well as any other money advanced by me, I should take as a par 
ticular favor to be informed, so that I may give the necessary credit 
on my books. I have made a memorandum of the alterations on 
the abstracts of the regiments for which warrants are granted, and 
now inclosed you, that the Paymasters may be acquainted with 
them, and rectify their copies. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
THOMAS REED, Esq. 

PAY OFFICE, MAIN ARMY, Jan. 18, 1780. 

SIR : I have received an order from Joseph Nourse, Assistant 
Auditor-general, dated the 17th of December, ultimo, wherein he 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 45 

writes that the Board of Treasury have directed him to inform the 
Paymaster-general, that on the settlement of Colonel Donald Camp 
bell s accounts, late Deputy Quartermaster-general in the northern 
department, by the auditors at Albany, he stands indebted to the 
United States 553 5s. lie?., New York currency, equal to 1383|J- 
dollars, which balance is charged by the Auditor-general to his ac 
count. 

The Board direct that the Paymaster-general forthwith demand 
the same, and make report thereof to the President of the Board : 
in compliance with which I would be much obliged for your an 
swer, that I may communicate the same agreeable to the above. 
I am, sir, with sentiments of esteem, 

Your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE, Dep. Pay. Gen. 
Col. JEDUTHAN BALDWIN and ) 
Col. DONALD CAMPBELL. J 

MORRISTOWN, Jan. 21, 1780. 

DEAR SIR : Yours of the llth I have received. I am sorry you 
have to meet with so many difficulties in procuring money, which 
is much wanted here, as the chest is entirely empty, and a num 
ber of regiments remain unpaid for September and October. I arn 
now convinced that I shall want another sum forwarded to me be 
fore November and December can be paid. 

I have made the requisition you desire on Colonel Donald 
Campbell and Colonel Jeduthan Baldwin. The latter has favored 
me with an answer, a copy of which I inclose. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
J. BURRALL, Esq., Philadelphia. 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 21, 1780. 

SIR: I received yours of the 12th inst., and forward you ono 
million of dollars, agreeably to your request, under the cape of Mr. 
Hunt and others, escorts, which I hope will be sufficient to pay the 
troops for November and December. Mr. Reed has yet a consider 
able sum on hand, which he will undoubtedly carry to Peekskill 



46 COERESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

with him. I am not certain how much, but I believe about 
300,000 dollars. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J. BUR-RALL. 
JOHN PIERCE, Esq. 

MORRISTOWN, Jan. 28, 1780. 

SIR : Under the care of Captain Williams I send you 50,000 
dollars for the purpose of paying the Continental bounty to men 
enlisted during the war. 

The low state of the chest renders it impossible to part with a 
large sum. November and December being now due, I shall pay 
those months to this department in a few days. Perhaps it would 
be well for you to make an immediate return to Philadelphia for 
what money may be wanting to pay to that time, as you cannot be 
furnished with any more from this chest ; and the sum you now 
have, we are fearful, will not be sufficient to discharge all the de 
mands in the department. 

I am, dear sir, yours sincerely, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
THOMAS REED, Esq. 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 29, 1780. 

SIR : I wrote you the 22d ult., per escorts, who carried 200,000 
dollars for your department ; and the 7th inst., per express, inclosing 
two drafts one on the Governor of South Carolina for 2,000,000, 
and the other on the Commissioners of the Loan Office for 200,000 
dollars ; and likewise an account of money advanced to the troops 
who are on their way to South Carolina. 

I now inclose you copies of two warrants for 350,000 dollars, 
advanced to General Woodford, for which he is to account with 
the Auditors in your department, as directed in the warrants. 

I beg the favor of you to give General Lincoln (or the Command 
er-in-chief in the department) copies of them, and likewise the 
Auditors for their direction in making the settlement. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
JOSEPH CLAY, Esq., Dep. Pay. Gen. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 47 

MORRISTOWN, Feb. 3, 1780. 

SIR : Inclosed is my account for January, by which may be 
seen the low state of cash in the chest. There are several regi 
ments yet unpaid, which will require near 300,000 dollars to com 
plete the payment, without taking in the addition of clothing and 
other occurrent demands. I wish therefore to have 500,000 dollars 
sent me, by which I shall be barely able to satisfy those which are 
the most necessary and most urgent, especially the recruiting ser 
vice ; and, supposing an exchange takes place, some part of pay 
and subsistence of the officers who are prisoners. As I am con 
vinced the treasury is almost exhausted, it gives me pain to make 
so frequent and large demands for the department ; yet the neces 
sities of the troops, their sufferings and services, at least claim this 
attention, which makes me hope that this sum may be also granted 
and forwarded immediately, especially when we consider that it 
must give a dissatisfaction to one part of the army to remain so far 
behind when the others are paid. There have been several ad 
vances by Colonel Palfrey to a James Lyman of the 4th Pennsyl 
vania regiment. On comparing the payments with each other, it 
appears Tie must have received twice for the same time. That it 
may be rectified, if a mistake has happened, I inclose you the ac 
count as it stands on Colonel Palfrey s advances. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
J. BURRALL, Esq., Philadelphia. 

MORRISTOWX, Feb. 8, 1780. 

SIR: A warrant (No. 4910) for 24,958|f dollars for the pay 
ment of the 4th Connecticut regiment for November and Decem 
ber, in favor of Lieutenant Charles Fanning, was lost by him and 
has never been found, since which he got another from his Excel 
lency of the same tenor, which I have paid. I should be glad, as 
some villain may present it to you for payment, you would detain 
it in your hands. 

I credited the public 300 too much, the 28th of January, for 
money which was received of Captain Moses White, Paymaster to 



4:8 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Colonel Hazen s regiment, which you will please to notice, as I 
shall charge the public for it in my next account. 

I have made out an account of advances against those regiments 
gone to the Southern department. The stoppages were never made 
here, as they were never charged in the rolls. Will you super 
scribe my letter inclosing the account, and forward the same to the 
deputy in that department ? 

I wait with some impatience to hear from you if any more money 
is soon to be expected. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
J. BURRALL, Esq., Philadelphia. 

MORRISTOWN, Feb. 8, 1780. 

SIR : Inclosed I transmit you several advances against the regi 
ments of the Virginia and North Carolina lines, who have lately 
joined your department, for which stoppages are to be made on the 
settlement of their respective accounts. I suppose there are other 
stoppages against those lines ; but as they were not prior to the 
department being placed on the present establishment, I am not 
furnished with the accounts. 

I have the honor to be your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
JOSEPH CLAY, Esq., Dep. Pay. Gen. 

MORRISTOWN, Feb. 8, 1780. 

SIR : I inclose you an account of advances against Colonel 
Moylan s regiment, which remain unsettled. Mr. Henderson, the 
Paymaster of the regiment, disputed the justness of the stoppage 
being made, as he had mislaid the pay-rolls, or left them at Phila 
delphia, which I conclude by this time he has been able to obtain, 
and the difficulty removed. I have inclosed also an account of 
surplusage of clothing against the second Massachusetts regiment, 
for 1777; also a bundle of accounts I received from Mr. Burrall 
last spring for spirits delivered at West Point, and ordered to be 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 49 

stopped by General McDougal ; but as his Excellency never direct 
ed it to be done, they remain unsettled. 

I remain your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
THOMAS REED, Esq., New Windsor. 

MORRISTOWN, Feb. 9, 1780. 

SIR : As I conclude you are detained by business from giving 
us the pleasure of your company in this town, and possibly may 
not have an opportunity this winter, I could wish you would do 
me the favor to send the warrants you have taken up for me by 
some careful hand, to whom I will deliver your receipt. 

I am about settling my accounts, and can proceed no furthei 
without those vouchers. The difficulty in obtaining money from 
the public treasury has occasioned my chest to be empty the greater 
part of the winter, for which reason I have been asked several times 
at head-quarters if that sum was returned. 

I make no doubt, sir, but yourself and Mrs. Hay are enjoying 
every happiness which results from integrity and virtue ; and can 
only add, that none among the circle of your acquaintance wishes 
more than myself for its continuance. You will please to present 
my best regards to your lady, and believe me to be, with sincerity, 
Your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. , 

Col. UDNEY HAY, Dep. Qr. Mr. Gen., 
Peekskill. 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 9, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : I inclose you a copy of a letter from Mi 1 . Pierce, 
who requests a further sum of 500,000 dollars to complete the pay 
ment of the main army to January 1st. I likewise inclose you a 
letter from Mr. Blount, Deputy Paymaster-general in North Caro 
lina, who is out of cash. Benjamin Harrison, Deputy Paymaster- 
general in Virginia, informs me that his chest is also empty ; but 
the necessities of the two latter seem not to be very pressing. 
I am, gentlemen, with due respect, 

Your very humble servant, 
Honorable Board of Treasury. J. BURRALL, Ass t Pay. Gen. 



50 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 



WINDSOR, Feb. 12, 1780, 
DEAR PIERCE : I arrived here the 1st inst., and found at Gea 
eral Heath s quarters 250,000 dollars, and a few days after I re 
ceived per Lieutenant Williams 50,000 dollars. I have given Gen 
eral Heath a receipt for the first, and to Lieutenant Williams one 
for the latter sum. This 300,000 dollars, with what I brought with 
me, is not sufficient to answer all the demands in this quarter. 
However, I will do the best I can, I have made a return to Phila 
delphia for the sum I think necessary to pay the troops their No 
vember and December pay, which I expect along in about a fortnight. 
My business is very brisk, therefore you must excuse this scrawL 
The first leisure shall be more particular, only let me add, and I 
hope you will join me in my prayer, and that is, to implore the 
fates to blast the authors of my removal from Albany. Cursed at 
New Windsor is an equal curse, and I give it to them with all my 
heart. 

In haste, I remain yours sincerely, 

THOMAS REED. 
JOHN PIERCE, Esq. 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 12, 1180. 

SIR: In the absence of Colonel Palfrey, who is gone to Boston, 
I have regularly received your returns to the last of December. 

I should have answered your questions concerning the subsist 
ence of the staff of the army, state troops, militia, &c., had Con 
gress enabled me to do it ; but they have not yet extended the 
subsistence, allowed by the resolve of the 1 8th of August, to any 
but those specified in that resolve, except those mentioned in the 
inclosed list. If by the state troops you mean those of the six 
teen battalions, which were raised at the request of General Wash 
ington, after the eight battalions formed, they are undoubtedly 
entitled to the same subsistence as the others. With regard to the 
militia, I can give no answer. 

Your very humble servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
BENJAMIN STELLE, Esq, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 51 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 14, 1780. 

SIR : I send you 500,000 dollars per Messrs. Saxton and Hunt, 
escorts. I likewise send 75 quills, some wax, and the Journals of 
Congress to December 31, 1779. I wrote you yesterday by Mr. 
Hodgdon. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

J. BlJRRALL. 
JOHN PIERCE, Esq. 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 21, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : I inclose you a letter from Mr. Eeed, Deputy 
Paymaster-general for the troops under the command of General 
Heath, who requests 500,000 dollars to enable him to pay off the 
troops in that department. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

MORRISTOWN, Feb. 27, 1780. 

SIR : Yours of the 1 8th ult. and 6th inst. are now before me. 
I am obliged to you for attending to Colonel Campbell s letter and 
the stoppages. The following expenses for recruiting men during 
the war, I believe you have never had transmitted to you : 

Sept. 30, 1779 Paid by Mr. Pierce to Patrick Bennett, for 
recruiting the 4th regiment of light-dragoons, to be ac 
counted for by Colonel Moylan, ..... $5,000 

Jan. 16, 1780 Paid by ditto to Colonel Benjamin Tupper, 

llth Massachusetts regiment, for recruiting, . . 4,000 

Jan. 7, 1780 Paid by Colonel Palfrey, Paymaster-general, 
to Lieutenant Henry Willis, of the 4th regiment of light- 
dragoons, for recruiting, ...... 4,000 

Jan. 7, 1780 Paid by ditto to Lieutenant Larkin Smith, of 

the same regiment, for recruiting, . . . . 4,000 

Making in all, $17,000 

I am your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
WM. BEDLOW, Esq. 



52 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

MORRISTOWN, March 1, 1780. 

SIR : Since mine of the 8th ultimo, I have advanced money 
to the following persons in your department : 

Feb. 17, 1780 James Legar, 1st North Carolina regiment, 
for pay and subsistence from March 1, 1779, to January 23, 
1780, being then discharged, $195 

Feb. 28, 1780 Brigadier-general Hand, for Martin Medder 
and William Earles, privates in the 13th Virginia regiment, 
for pay and subsistence from May 1, 1778, to Nov. 1,1779, 276 

Feb. 29, 1780 Major Oliver Towles, 6th Virginia regiment, 

a prisoner on parole, on account, . . . . .1500 

Making in all $1971 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
JOSEPH CLAY, Esq., Southern Department. 

MORRISTOWN, March 1, 1780. 

SIR : By this conveyance you will receive my account current 
for February. I am now preparing to pay the army the two last 
months, which will require 1,500,000 dollars. This sum I wish to 
have forwarded before the end of the present month your particu 
lar attention to which will oblige 

Your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
J. BURRALL, Esq., Philadelphia. 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, March 1, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : By a resolve of Congress of the 29th May last, it 
was directed that returns should be made to the Paymaster-gen 
eral of all money which has been advanced for the pay, <kc., of the 
Continental army in the different departments, that the proper 
charges might be made in his books, in pursuance of which most 
of the accounts have been collected. But on examining the gen 
eral account of payments made by Mr. Trumbull, late Paymaster- 
general in the Northern department, which is lodged in this office, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 53 

I find it does not in every instance particularly specify the purpose 
for which the payment was made. I cannot therefore proceed to 
enter them in the Paymaster-general s books until I can obtain the 
vouchers to his accounts, which are lodged in the Commissioners 
office at Albany. I must therefore request that the Commissioners 
may be directed to forward them to this office as soon as possible. 
A further supply of cash is wanted for this office, as the chest is 
nearly empty, and there are demands on it daily. Two hundred 
thousand dollars will be sufficient. 

I have the honor, gentlemen, to be, with the greatest respect, 
your very humble servant, 

J. BURRALL, Ass t Pay. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, March 2, 1780. 

SIR : I received yours of the 5th ultimo about three weeks after 
the date, and made application to the Board of Treasury for the 
sum you request ; but the treasury being low, I could obtain only 
300,000 dollars, which I send you, under the care of Messrs. White 
and Gray, escorts. I likewise send you some paper and sealing-wax. 
I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
THOS. REED, Esq., New Windsor. 

PHILADELPHIA, March 14, 1780. 

SIR : In the absence of Colonel Palfrey, who is gone to Bos 
ton, I have regularly received your monthly returns to the 31st 
December, 1779, and duly noticed them. Your favor of the 10th 
ult. to Colonel Palfrey, requesting a supply of money to pay the 
troops under the command of General Scott, did not come to hand 
till yesterday. I laid it before the Treasury Board this day, and 
have not yet had an answer ; but as the treasury is very much ex 
hausted, and the troops for whose pay you requested it (they con 
clude) have marched before this time, I rather think they will 
not spare any money for your department at present, as there are 
other demands more pressing. I will let you know as soon as I 
get their answer. 



54: CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

I have advanced to Lieutenant Wyatt Coleman, of the 1st Vir 
ginia State regiment, eight hundred dollars, on account of his pay 
and subsistence, by a warrant from the Board of War, which he, or 
the Paymaster of the regiment, is to repay into your hands. You 
will please receive the same and place it to the credit of the United 
States. 

I am your obedient servant, 

J. BURR ALL. 

BENJAMIN HARRISON, Esq., ) 
Dep. Pay. Gen. in Virginia. ) 

MORRISTOWN, March 18, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : The military chest in the main army being almost 
exhausted, I have to request a further supply of 1,500,000 dollars 
for the purpose of paying the months of January and February, 
which are now become due. I could wish to have this supply as 
early as possible, and shall do myself the honor to wait on tho 
Board this morning on the subject. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

(ENDORSED.) 

At a council of war, March 17, 1780 Resolved, That Jonathan 
Burrall, Esq., Assistant Paymaster-general, do immediately attend 
to the duties of his office in Walnut-street. 



PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, March 20, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : Mr. Pierce, Deputy Paymaster-general for tho 
main army, informs me 1,500,000 dollars is wanting for the pay 
ment of the troops for the months of January and February, which 
he requests may be forwarded to him as soon as possible. 

I have the honor to be, with the greatest respect, 
Your obedient servant, 

J. BURKALL. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 55 

x 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, March 20, 1780. 

SIR : I received your favor of the 29th January to Colonel Pal 
frey, acknowledging the receipt of 2,000,000 dollars, and my letter 
of the 22d December, which accompanied it, and inclosing your 
returns for November and December. I have since written you 
twice; one on the 27th of January, by express, inclosing two war 
rants in your favor, and the other on the 29th, by post, which I 
hope you have received. 

I now inclose you three warrants of Congress, which I have en 
dorsed to you ; one of George Webb, Esq., Treasurer of the State 
of Virginia, for 1,200,000, another of the Governor of North Caro 
lina, and the third on the Governor of South Carolina the two 
latter for 900,000 dollars each. The Board of Treasury inform me 
that it is not expected that either of the States have sufficient 
money on hand to discharge the warrant immediately ; but it is 
their intention that the money which is raised in those States for 
the use of the United States, should be applied for the use of your 
department as soon as collected, for which purpose it was neces 
sary that you should have warrants ready ; but it will be useless to 
send for it until you can obtain information of its being ready, 
when you will take such methods to get it forwarded as you shall 
judge most expedient. 

I shall write to the Governor of North Carolina and the Treasurer 
of Virginia, advising them of such warrants being sent you, and 
request them to give you the earliest notice when the money may 
be obtained, and I should advise you to do the same on your re 
ceiving the warrants. If any money is advanced by you to officers 
or others, who are acting in another department, on account of 
their pay, it is expected you will transmit an account thereof to 
the Deputy Paymaster-general of the department to which they 
belong, that he may make the necessary stoppage. It js undoubt 
edly expected that you should be accountable for the conduct of 
your assistants and clerks who are appointed by you. 

As to the pay that will be allowed them, I can say nothing, as 
no pay is yet fixed for any person in the Paymaster-general s depart 
ment. As soon as Colonel Palfrey arrives from Boston, I expect 



56 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

this matter will be adjusted I hope, to the satisfaction of all who 
are employed in the department. In the mean time, yon can ad 
vance your assistants some money on account of their present ne 
cessities, but not include it in your monthly returns until the pay 
is known. I inclose you a letter from the Deputy Paymaster- 
general of the main army, with his account of money advanced to 
the Virginia troops, who are gone to your department. It is not 
probable that many of the persons charged in his account will 
settle, or be included in any settlement made with you. If any of 
them should, you will please to make the necessary stoppage, and 
credit it to the United States in your monthly accounts. It will 
be necessary to give the auditors an account of the money ad 
vanced for recruiting. 

It is contrary to an express resolve of Congress that any officer 
should receive pay in two capacities, except additional pay to pay 
masters, adjutants, quartermasters, brigade-majors, <fec. 

The infantry of Count Pulaski s Legion are to receive the same 
pay as cavalry. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

J. BuRRALL. 
JOSEPH CLAY, Esq., Southern Department. 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, March 21, 1780. 

SIR : A warrant on your Excellency for 900,000 dollars was 
issued by Cono-ress on the 16th inst., payable to my order, which 
sum is to be transmitted to Joseph Clay, Esq., Deputy Paymaster- 
general for the army under tlie command of General Lincoln, for 
the use of the military chest in that department. As I was In 
formed by the Board of Treasury that there was not a probability 
of there being a sufficient sum in the treasury of your State to an 
swer it immediately, I have endorsed the warrant and sent it to 
Mr. Clay, and must beg your Excellency to give him or General 
Lincoln the earliest information when the money or part of it may 
be obtained. 

I have the honor to be your Excellency s most obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL, Ass t Pay. Gen. 
His Excellency RICHARD CAS WELL, 
Governor of North Carolina. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 57 

PHILADELPHIA, March 25, 1780. 
To the Congress of the United States : 

That your memorialist has been in the service of the United 
States as an Assistant Payrn aster-general from the 10th day of Feb 
ruary, 1776, to 1st June, 1779, since which he has had the honor 
to serve, by an appointment of Congress, as Deputy Paymaster- 
general for the main army. Your memorialist would beg leave to 
represent that, by reason of the depreciation of the currency, the 
pay, while he was an assistant, became very inadequate to his un 
avoidable expenses, by which means he has been obliged to in 
volve himself considerably in debt, and has greatly impaired his 
private fortune ; that the pay and other allowances of his present 
appointments have never been stated either for himself or his as 
sistants ; but he has served from that time, relying on the justice 
and generosity of Congress to give him the compensation which 
his services may be deemed to merit, taking from time to time 
such sums from the chest as were sufficient to support himself and 
his assistants in their expenses; by means of which he finds, as 
he is now closing the settlement of his accounts, the sum which 
he has taken is so large that he cannot compute the same without 
having the pay of his department stated, that it may be charged 
the public. Your memorialist would beg leave further to request 
that from the particular situation of private affairs, as well as a 
willingness to retain in the service the gentlemen who have already 
assisted him in the business, a state of uncertainty at this time as 
to the allowances which are to be given the department, will be 
extremely disagreeable. 

Your memorialist would therefore request that the honorable 
Congress would take his case into their consideration, and grant 
him such allowance for his past services as they shall deem proper, 
and affix the pay and other allowances of his department, equal to 
the importance and weight of the business which passes through 
his hands. 

I have the honor to be your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
3* 



58 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICER8 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, March 29, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : I received a line from Mr. Clarkson, returning a 
letter from Benjamin Harrison, Deputy Paymaster-general iii Vir 
ginia, of the 10th of February, and directing me to make an esti 
mate of money wanted to pay the troops in Virginia. 

As I do not know how many regiments General Scott s brigade 
consists of, I have nothing certain whereon to found an estimate ; 
but by the best information I can get from the Board of War, it 
consists of three Continental regiments ; besides which, there are 
two State regiments, who, on their arrival in Virginia, were subject 
to the orders of the Governor. 

The first of April there will be four months pay due them, and 
if the whole five regiments are to be paid by the Continental Pay 
masters, it will require 200,000 dollars. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

J. BURKALL, Ass t P. M. Gen. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

PHILADELPHIA, April 5, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : Understanding that my memorial to Congress, 
which was referred to your Board, has not been reported on, and 
that there is some hesitation as to its being determined upon at 
this time, I thought it might not be improper to lay before you 
some reasons in addition to those in the memorial, which induce 
me to wish to have it settled now, and the principles which may 
be adopted for that purpose. 

When the Congress made the appointments, they directed that 
the Board of Treasury should report the pay ; after which it was 
resolved it should be suspended until the 1st of October last, at 
which time Colonel Palfrey s was stated, and his allowances made 
without mine being fixed ; and having served almost a year without 
any thing, I think it is reasonable that mine should be known. 

My assistants being in the same situation, and on some accounts 
worse, are determined to leave the service unless they can receive 
their pay ; and it is extremely hazardous for me to advance them 
what of right they ought to receive, because, in case it is not al- 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 59 

lowed, I must refund it ; and it is as hard for them to serve with 
less than what they ought to have, as they have families to main 
tain, and their expenses run so high. Hitherto the fluctuation of 
our currency has rendered it improper that any establishment 
should take place; but now the resolution of Congress of the 18th 
ult. has fixed the standard, and the objection that the resolve has 
not yet been adopted by the several States, I think has no force, 
because that the recommendations of Congress with regard to 
finances at this time must be complied with, or our public credit 
ceases, and the common bond of our union will be dissolved. I 
hope, indeed, there is not a doubt in the mind of any person but 
that it will be complied with. We ought therefore to act and 
reason from so necessary a principle as granted. The department 
being disconnected from any other, an establishment of the pay of 
it cannot affect the others of the army, as the whole will soon be 
taken up on the same plan. They have, indeed, not the same 
reason to complain : theirs is, while mine never has been, stated. 
The campaign opening very soon, is an additional reason, because 
the duty of the office will require my presence at camp, and I 
cannot give my attendance here at another time ; and it is ex 
tremely disagreeable to confine one s self so constantly as the duty 
of the office requires, undergoing the solicitude of mind insepar 
ably attending the payment of so much money without knowing 
what are the advantages he shall receive. Indeed, I have a right 
to expect it shall be determined. I think that as several States 
are to make good the depreciation to their officers, or give some 
other equivalent satisfaction, or lose them, the same justice ought 
to begin to those under Congress, especially when they have been 
in my situation, who have been so long in the service on a simple 
pay, and had no other advantages for a maintenance. I am, in 
deed, encouraged to expect this from the allowances already made 
to several of the officers of Congress. 

With regard to my present pay, I think, as the duty of the de 
partment is more than twice as large as nearly all the other Dep 
uties together on the continent, and the same in every other cir 
cumstance as belonged to the Paymaster-general prior to the 



60 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

present establishment, which is now on a more extensive scale, 
that the pay and other allowances ought to be the same as given 
formerly to the Paymaster-general. 

In order that the fluctuation of the currency may not affect 
either myself or the public, I believe the most just and proper 
method would be to establish my pay in hard money, which I 
ought to receive in the currency of the United States at the value 
at which the same passes in exchange, or at the rate which shall 
be affixed by Congress. I conclude the late act of Congress states 
it at 40 for 1, at which rate it is very reasonable I should receive 
my pay, though much below the current exchange, as the money 
is considered of that value, and will probably be really so as soon 
as that act shall have an operation. 

The rations of the Paymaster-general before the new arrange 
ment, as well as of the several Deputies, were six per day. I do 
not apprehend any objection but that mine should be equal with 
theirs. 

The pay and rations of my assistants I wish may go on the 
above principles, being the same reasons for both. I have here 
asked for only the same as has been given before. It is hard for an 
individual to suffer in his private fortune for a depreciation while 
he is in the service. The pay at best is small, but the depreciation 
has made it almost nothing ; and I desire to be placed on the same 
footing in my present pay as those who have gone before me in the 
business, the same service always deserving the same reward. 

The dignity of Congress requires that every officer of theirs should 
be on a respectable footing, and what I desire is nothing to what the 
Quartermaster s and Commissary s departments have received. 

I feel myself interested in the determination of your honorable 
Board. My love for the service, and my wishes to promote the 
public good as for as is in my power, make me wish to continue 
in the office, but I cannot, with justice to myself, unless I have a 
generous consideration for my services. 

I have the honor to be, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 61 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, April 5, 1780. 

SIR : I have obtained a warrant on George Brook, Esq., treas 
urer of the State of Virginia, for 100,000 dollars, which I inclose 
to you for the use of your department. I fear you will not be able 
to get the money immediately, but as there is none in the treasury, 
your chest cannot be supplied in any other way. You will please 
acknowledge the receipt of this warrant by the post. 
I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
BENJAMIN HARRISON, Esq. 



BENJAMIN HARRISON, Jisq. i 
Dep. P. M. Gen. in Virginia. J 



PHILADELPHIA, April 6, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : I have received your favor of yesterday desiring 
an estimate of the expenses of the department in my care. There 
are three assistants necessary to transact the business under me. 
Their pay is forty dollars per month, and three rations per day when 
money was good. 

There are some contingent expenses in the department, which, 
as they are not the object of the present inquiry of the Board, are 
not necessary to mention. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, April 7, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : I am under the necessity of requesting a supply 
of money for the military chest at West Point. The troops in that 
department have pay due them from the 1st of November, and the 
last sum of 300,000 dollars which was sent there will be chiefly 
expended in paying the arrears of clothing and bounty to men 
who have enlisted " for during the war." 

It will require at least 800,000 dollars more to pay the troops to 
the last of February. 

I have the honor, gentlemen, to be your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 



02 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

PHILADELPHIA, April 9, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : I imagine there will be about seven millions of 
dollars expended in my department for the present year. The 

army being diminished, it will not take so much hereafter. 

per cent, will be little enough for the maintenance of myself and 
assistants, with two rations per day for myself and one for each of 
the assistants, and keeping for my horses. 

The public, I expect, will provide the incidental charges of the 
department, such as expenses, transportation, necessaries for the use 
of the office, &c. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

PHILADELPHIA, April 10, 1780. 

SIR : I have unfortunately been detained here much longer 
than I expected, and without the consolation of success in my busi 
ness. On my arrival, I made a return for a million and a half of 
dollars to pay the army for January and February, and have re 
ceived only 500,000 dollars, being the whole that was in the 
treasury ! This sum I have now forwarded, as I am informed the 
Maryland division are marching, and will probably want their pay. 

I am sorry that I have no reason to expect a further sum in any 
short time. I shall have the pleasure to breathe camp air in a few 
days. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. R. H. HARRISON. 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, April 12, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : Captain Schott, who commands an independent 
corps stationed at Wyoming, is waiting in town for their pay, which 
is due from September last, and amounts to more than I have on 
hand. Having lent Mr. Carleton 40,000 dollars at the request of 
the Board of War, I have been in daily expectation of receiving it 
from him, which would have prevented this application, but he now 
informs me that there is no probability of his being able to repay 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 63 

it soon. I must therefore request the honorable Board to grant a 
warrant for 50,000 for the use of the chest at this place, there be 
ing several other demands besides Captain Schott s. But if that 
sum cannot be spared, I should be glad of 20,000 dollars, which 
will be sufficient to pay him, I hope this last sum at least may 
be obtained, as Captain Schott s returning without the money 
would occasion much uneasiness in the corps, who have six months 1 
pay due : and the expense of another journey from Wyoming would 
be considerable. 

I have the honor to be, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL, A. P. M. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

PHILADELPHIA, April 18, 178(X 

GENTLEMEN : I would beg leave to observe to the honorable 
Committee of Congress that the pay of the Deputy Paymaster- 
generals at first was 50 dollars per month and 6 rations, equal to 
a Colonel s; that in January, 1777, a Colonel s pay being raised to 
75 dollars, the Deputies were made the same. As the deprecia 
tion continued in that year the pay was enlarged. The ideas of 
Congress, I conclude, were to keep the pay and other allowances equal 
to a Colonel s, and which is perhaps the most just and proper mode 
to be established now ; but as the office which I now hold was not 
then created, a new rule ought to be adopted in my case. On in 
quiry into the duty and importance of the office, you will find it 
the same, in every circumstance, as formerly fell to the share of 
the Paymaster-general ; and I would ask if nearly the same allow 
ances as were formerly given him ought not to be made me ? His 
pay at first was 100 dollars per mouth; some time in 1777 it was 
raised to 150. Cannot that serve as a foundation to reason from ? 
And is it not reasonable that the same duty should receive the 
same reward ? 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Hon. Committee of Congress. 



64: CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

PHILADELPHIA, April 22, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : If the regiments in the service will hereafter be 
ns strong as they have been, their pay will be about 3,000 dollars 
a month, and their present subsistence about 7,600 dollars. The 
Maryland line being marched, there remains in the maine army 35 
regiments. As to the contingencies of the department, it is im 
possible to determine the sum which will be paid, as they depend, 
except the pay of the General Staff, on unforeseen circumstances. 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, April 27, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : The Board of War have directed me to make ap 
plication for 230,000 dollars to pay two warrants which they have 
drawn on me this day ; one in favor of Major-general Baron De 
Kalb for 200,000 dollars, for the purpose of defraying the expenses 
of the Maryland troops on their march to the southward, and the 
other iu favor of Major Lee for 30,000, to defray the expenses of 
his corps. 

These warrants the Board of War desire may be paid as soon as 
possible, that the troops may not be delayed in marching. 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, May 3, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : I have lately received a letter from Mr. Boreman, 
Deputy Paymaster-general at Fort Pitt, requesting a further supply 
of cash to pay the troops in his department. There are at that post 
two regiments and three independent corps, the monthly pay of 
which will amount to about 30,000 dollars. The troops are so 
much in arrears that 150,000 dollars will be necessary to pay them 
to the usual time, and I must request you will report a warrant for 
that sum. The Board will also be pleased to report a warrant in 
my favor for 500,000 dollars to answer the drafts of the Board of 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. G5 

War. There are now lying in my office two drafts from them ; 
one in favor of the Baron De Kalb for 200,000 dollars, and another 
in favor of Major Lee for 30,000 dollars. These sums are greatly 
wanted to forward the march of the troops destined for Carolina. 

I would also beg leave to repeat my request that the Board would 
take some effectual measures that I may be furnished with the ac 
counts and vouch el s which have been settled by the Deputy Pay 
master-general, and lodged in different offices, without which it will 
be impossible for me to complete the public books in the manner 
prescribed by the resolve of Congress passed May 29, 1779. I am 
particularly in want of the vouchers of Mr. Trumbull s accounts, 
which were settled with the Commissioners at Albany, and lodged 
in their office. These gentlemen have been repeatedly applied to, 
but have constantly refused to send them, by which means the busi 
ness of my office has been retarded and great loss may accrue to 
the public by the Auditors of the Army not being seasonably sup 
plied with the proper accounts, which cannot be completed until all 
the vouchers necessary for forming them are deposited in my office. 

I would further beg leave to submit to the Board the propriety 
of continuing a Deputy at the two posts of Rhode Island and Bos 
ton. There are no Continental troops at the latter place except a 
few invalids, and at the former only a few State troops. The distance 
between Providence and Boston being only forty-five miles, one per 
son could certainly do the business of the whole. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

MORRISTOWN, May 6, 1780. 

SIR : I arrived here yesterday evening, nothing material occur 
ring on my journey. I find the greatest want of money among 
the officers and soldiers, and could wish for the satisfaction that 
exertions may be made to obtain a supply. By the estimate an 
nexed, you will see what sum will be sufficient to pay from the 1st 
of January to this day, being at least 1,500,000 dollars. 

Perhaps some favorable circumstance may enable you to obtain 
the money, which I would forward as soon as possible. 



66 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Estimate of pay and subsistence of the main army from January 
1 to May 1, 1780. 

35 regiments at 11,000 for 4 months, . . . 1,540,000 
Contingencies will amount to 150,000 

1,690,000 

Balance remaining on hand, per account ren 
dered for April, 228,621 

Money paid to the Quartermaster-general s 
department, by his Excellency s desire to 
be returned, 30,922 

197,699 



Wanting to pay the army . . 1,492,301 

I am, sir, with respect and esteem, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
WM. PALFREY, Esq., Paymaster-general. 



PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, May 9, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : Agreeably to the direction of the honorable Board, 
signified by the Secretary, I now inclose you an estimate of the sum 
necessary for the pay of the army to the period you mention, as nearly 
as I can ascertain it from the information I have received of their 
numbers. The Board perhaps are not informed that the returns of 
the army do not come officially before me, neither can I procure them 
from the Board of War, unless by a positive resolve of Congress for 
the purpose. Therefore all estimates furnished by me must be very 
vague and uncertain. The order on the Loan Office in Boston 
cannot be procured in less than three weeks or a month, even if 
the money should be ready there, and I should be very glad to be 
informed by your honorable Board in what manner and under what 
escort it is to be sent to camp. 

I have the honor to be, with the highest respect, your obedient 
servant, 

WILLIAM PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 67 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, May 10, 1780. 

SIR : Inclosed I send you a draft on John Lawrence, Esq., treas 
urer of the State of Connecticut, for 864,836 dollars, to pay the 
arrears of the troops in your department. The great difficulty of 
obtaining money has been the occasion of this supply being de 
layed. I therefore hope you will lose no time in getting the 
amount of this draft from Connecticut. 

In the month of February you made a stoppage from the Yth 
Massachusetts regiment, the amount of which, nor the person by 
whom advanced, do not appear on your returns, which mode of 
stopping is directly contrary to your instructions. Instead of de 
ducting from the pay-rolls and charging the balance, you should 
charge the whole pay-roll, and give credit for the stoppage made. 
This rule you will please strictly to observe in future. 

I am sorry that I am obliged to frequently to complain of your 
want of punctuality in forwarding your monthly returns. You are 
now in arrears for March and April, which I beg you will send by 
the first opportunity. I am very confident that the business of your 
office is not so great as to prevent you making your returns regu 
larly at the end of every month. 

I beg you will present my compliments to Mr. Bedlow and his 
worthy family. It has not been in my power to send him the red 
cake-ink he requested. 

I am, sir, your most humble servant, 

WILLIAM PALFREY. 
THOMAS REED, Esq, \ 

Dep. P. M. Geu., New Windsor. } 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, May 11, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN: Mr. Hillegas is indebted to me 10,000 dollars, 
balance of a warrant granted in my favor for the purpose of an 
swering the drafts of the Board of War. He has just informed me 
that there are 16,000 in the hands of Mr. Smith, Continental loan 
officer, arising from the sale of bills of exchange, which he cannot 
appropriate to the payment of my balance without the particular 
direction of your honorable Board. 

As the money is extremely wanted for the purposes for which it 



68 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

was granted, I must request you will be pleased to give Mr. Hille- 
gas directions accordingly, and I am, with the greatest respects, 
gentlemen, 

Your obedient servant, 

WILLIAM PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, May 13, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : The Secretary of your honorable Board acquaint 
ed me that warrants have been reported in my favor for 2,000,000 
dollars, accompanied with a request that I would " inform them 
when it shall be in my power relative to their payment." As the 
Board have not acquainted me with the particular offices or States 
on which the warrants are drawn, it is out of my power at present 
to give a proper answer to the question. I will do myself the honor 
to wait on the honorable Board at 12 o clock, and give them all the 
information in my power. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

WILLIAM PALFREY. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, May 14, 1780. 

SIR : Inclosed you have sundry warrants, with which you are 
to immediately proceed to the several offices and apply for payment. 
When you receive the money, you are to return with the same to 
camp, and deliver to John Pierce, Esq., Deputy Paymaster-general 
there, one million of dollars. The remainder you are to deliver to 
me at this office. If you should not be able to procure payment 
for the whole of these warrants, you will get as much as you pos 
sibly can, and proceed with it to camp, keeping a particular ac 
count of what part you do receive, which must be endorsed on the 
warrants. You will take triplicate receipts from Mr. Pierce for 
whatever sum you pay him. 

As the army is greatly in want of the money, I would recom 
mend to you to use all possible dispatch, and I am 
Your obedient servant, 

WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 
. JVIr. JARED SAXTON, escort. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 69 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, May 15, 1780. 

SIR : I have just received from the honorable President of Con 
gress a draft on your office for the purpose of paying the army, 
which I shall forward to-morrow by an escort. As the troops are 
greatly in arrears, and the money very much wanted, I thought it 
necessary to give you this notice, that seasonable provisions may be 
made, and the messenger meet with no detention. 

I am, sir, with great esteem, your obedient servant, 

WILLIAM PALFREY. 

To JOHN LAWRENCE, Treasurer of Connecticut 296,421 63 / 9 o. 
HENRY GARDNER, " Massachusetts Bay 430,000. 
GIRARDUS BANEKER, " New York 237,333. 
JOSEPH CLARK, Commissioner of the Continental Loan Office, Rhode 

Island 388,912 27 / 9 o. 

His Excellency, President of the Supreme Executive Council of the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 647,333. 

PAT OFFICE, MAIN ARMT, May 15, 1780. 

SIR : Inclosed is a copy of an answer from Colonel Donald 
Campbell, to a requisition made by me in consequence of an order 
for that purpose from the Board of Treasury, for a balance due from 
him to the United States. 

I have waited on General Greene on the subject of wheelwrights 
stores, who altogether refuses to do any thing in the matter. He 
says the business, being transacted before his appointment, must be 
settled with Colonel Chase, and included in his accounts while un 
der General Mifflin. I have therefore inclosed the papers, as they 
will be of no further service here. 

I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

PAT OFFICE, MAIN ARMT, May 19, 1780. 

SIR : The Maryland line and several other regiments having 
marched from the main army for the southward, I inclose you sev 
eral charges against them, for which stoppages or settlements ought 
to be made. In case any of the regiments do not fall into your 



70 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

department, it may, perhaps, be proper for you to transmit the 
charges to the Deputy Paymaster-general in whose department 
they are paid. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
JOSEPH CLAY, Esq., i 

Dep. Pay. Gen., South Carolina. J 

PAT OFFICE, MAIN ARMY, May 20, 1780. 

SIR : In your absence, I transmitted to Mr. Clay an account 
against the Virginia regiments, and now inclose you a letter, in 
which is contained the charges against the Maryland line and the 
other regiments marched to the southward. I have left it open that 
you may give such directions with them as you think proper, and 
would be obliged that you would seal and forward it. 

My presence with the army occasions me the unhappiness of my 
seeing and hearing their wants, and makes me urge the matter of 
money. There are gentlemen now waiting with warrants sufficient 
to take off the sum Colonel Pickering has negotiated, which I wish 
may come soon. I am tired of seeing their faces. The army be 
ing so long in arrears, and the campaign about commencing, I hope 
will be deemed sufficient reasons to attend to us. I am convinced 
of the utter impossibility of getting more money ; but, however, 
hope that some unforeseen circumstances may enable you to do it. 
I am, with respect, your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
CoL WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

PAY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, May 24, 1780. 

SIR : Your several favors of the 6th and 7th inst. came duly 
to hand, and no time was lost in making the proper applications 
for a supply of money for the use of your department ; but such is 
the great scarcity of that now valuable article, that I have not been 
able to procure one farthing for the many warrants which have 
been passed by Congress in my favor. I have done every thing in 
my power to obtain it, and have sent expresses to the Eastern States 
to collect all that can be got there, which I have ordered to be for- 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 71 

warded on to you. I have likewise a prospect of obtaining 200,000 
dollars here in the course often days or a fortnight, but not sooner. 

It gives me real pain that any obstruction should arise in the 
supplies of my department ; but such is the exigence of the times 
that it cannot be avoided. When the wheels of the new system 
lately adopted by Congress are set in motion, I am in hopes the 
pay and supplies of the army will run on as smoothly as hereto 
fore. In the mean time, that patience and perseverance which has 
formed so shining a part of their character must be exercised a few 
weeks longer. 

I beg you will present my most respectful compliments to his 
Excellency, and acquaint him with the contents of this letter, and 
assure him at the same time that no exertions of mine shall be 
wanting to forward on the supplies the moment they can be ob 
tained. 

I am, with real esteem, your obedient servant, 

WILLIAM PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

JOHN PIERCE, Esq., D. P. M. Gen. 

MORRISTOWN, May 29, 1780. 

SIR : By the bearer, Captain Machin, you will receive one box, 
containing five smaller boxes, which I received from the Treasury 
Board, and by the advice of the Committee of Congress now send 
to your care, to be forwarded as speedily and as safely as possible 
you getting receipts for them on delivery. The boxes are di 
rected to, Mr. Lawrence, Loan Office, Hartford, Conn. ; Mr. Apple- 
ton, Loan Office, Boston, Mass. ; Mr. Clark, Loan Office, Providence, 
R. I. ; Mr. Yates, Loan Office, Albany, N. Y. ; Mr. Oilman, Loan 
Office, Exeter, N. H. 

I am, sir, with esteem, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. UDNY HAT, i 

Dep. Qr. Mr. Gen., at FishkilL f 

MORRISTOWN, May 29, 1780. 

Received of John Pierce, Deputy Paymaster-general, one box, 
containing five smaller boxes, said to contain public books from the 
Treasury Office, which I am to deliver to Colonel Hay, Deputy 



72 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Quartermaster-general at Fishkill, having signed two receipts for 
the same. 

THOMAS MACHIN. 

PAT OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, May 80, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : A friend of mine has written to me to procure him 
about 9000 dollars in bills of exchange on Spain the money for 
which he will pay at ten days sight ; and at the present rate of 
exchange will produce 360,000 dollars, and may be delivered in 
camp in thirty days after the bills are sent from here. In the 
present scarcity of cash and necessity of the army, I thought it my 
duty to communicate this matter to your honorable Board, and to 
request you will be pleased to report a warrant in my favor on the 
Continental Loan Office in this city, and direct that the same may 
be paid in bills of exchange on Spain. 

I am, with the utmost respect, your obedient servant, 

WILLIAM PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

MORBISTOWN, June 1, 1780. 

SIR : Yours of the 24th ult. I have received, and am sorry there 
are so many obstacles in obtaining money, which no exertions of 
ours, I am sensible, will be able to overcome. By this conveyance 
you will receive my monthly account for May. The balance which 
appears to be on hand has been paid to his Excellency s directions 
for discharged men, and to officers on account, in the manner as in 
inclosed memoranda, which I shall deduct from the warrants on 
payment. 

The 200,000 dollars you mention to be sent will be well not to 
have known to any person when it comes, as it will not answer in 
any measure towards the payment of the troops, and his Excellency 
will apply it to some particular purpose. 

We are fearful from the accounts from New York that Charleston 
is in the hands of the enemy. The country on the Mohawk River 
is destroyed by the Indians. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 73 

LOTTERY OFFICE, PHILADELPHIA, June 26, 1780. 

SIR : We are particularly called upon by the Treasury for a 
state of the lottery, in order to ascertain the cash lodged in the 
different loan offices. 

We therefore request you will furnish us as soon as possible with 
a complete state of your account for all the three classes, inclosing 
us vouchers for tickets delivered the Governor and President, and 
for cash paid to the Loan officer, which will enable us immediately 
to comply with the above requisition of the Treasury. 

The prize lists will be furnished in a few days, when we shall, 
without loss of time, forward them, with the necessary directions 
for completing the fourth class, which we expect daily from Congress. 
Your obedient humble servants, 

JOSEPH BULLOCK, ) 
SHARP DELANCV, | Mana S ers - 
JOHN PIERCE, Esq. 

PAY OFFICE, MAIN ARMY, July 13, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : Yours of the 26th ult., requesting me to furnish 
a state of my account for the three classes, and inclose you the 
vouchers, I have received. In regard to the two first classes, I have 
already made a settlement in your office with Mr. French, and de 
livered him my accounts and vouchers. The third class I send an 
account of inclosed. As those unsold were delivered to your office 
at Philadelphia, and the money I received for those credited by me 
in my account with the public, I have not forwarded you the vouch 
ers. It will oblige the army to have the prize lists sent on as soon 
as possible. 

The Managers of the United States Lottery, 

In account with John Pierce. 

To 346 tickets unsold and delivered at their lottery, March 

20,1780, Dollars 10,380 

To cash received for sale of tickets, .... 42,542 

To 1 ticket, No. 4248, which drew 500 dollars in 2d class, 

taken in tickets in 3d class, 500 

4 



74 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

To 12 tickets, which drew 30 dollars each in 2d class, re 
newed in 3d class, . . . . . . 360 

To i per cent, for sale of 1454 tickets, . . . . 218 

Dollars 54,000 

CREDIT. 

By 1800 tickets of the 3d class, received for sale at 30 dollars, 54,000 

I am, gentlemen, with respect, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Managers IT. S. Lottery. 

LEBANON, July 20, 1780, 

SIR : Agreeably to your request, I have examined my brother, 
the late Commissary-general s books, and find nothing charged to 
you for rations due before the 1st of January, 1777. Without 
more formality, I suppose this will be a sufficient certificate with 
the Paymaster-general. 

With much sincerity of regard, I am, dear sir, 
Your most obedient servant, 

JONATHAN TRUMBULL, JR. 
Col. JOHN LAMB, of Artillery, Fishkill. 

PAY OFFICE, MAIN ARMY, July 20, 1780. 

SIR : By this conveyance you will receive my account current 
for June, which, by reason of our moving situation, I was not able 
to send you sooner ; also my accounts for March, April, May, and 
June, and a general account current from my appointment to the 
beginning of this month, which complete a year s vouchers delivered 
your office. I wish to have an examination and settlement of them 
entered into, and the necessary acquittance transmitted to me, if 
the whole are found just and proper. I have also inclosed a bundle 
of vouchers belonging to Mr. Reed, which I think unnecessary to 
hazard any longer at camp. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
WM. PALFREY, Esq., P. M. Gen. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 75 

PEEKSKILL, August 1, 1780. 

SIR : I wrote you the 25th ult., since which I have received the 
last sum of money, and receipted for it to-day. I had not time to 
complete counting it before the march of the army. Some of it was 
without any bills, and very much confused. The General has al 
ready taken between six and seven hundred thousand dollars from 
the chest for the use of the Quartermaster-general s department. 
Nothing that could be said in the matter would have any effect. 
The service, they said, at head-quarters required it, and Congress 
either would not or could not supply that department as they ought. 
Probably more will be taken from me for the same purpose. It yet 
appears to me that some part of the army may refuse taking the 
money. 

The Pennsylvania line desire to have their depreciation made up, 
and that at 60 instead of 40 for 1, and to receive money that other 
people will take from them, and in such quantities that it may an 
swer some purpose. Nothing but the General s order would induce 
some of the regiments to take it. The 1000 I found as you say, 
I have included in my receipt. You mention that some of this 
money is to be particularly appropriated for the subsistence of the 
army. I suppose it is intended to make out the abstracts as former 
ly where the pay is included with it. They are now made out in 
that manner, and cannot be separated ; and indeed I do not see the 
necessity of it. 

All our Continental troops are now joined. The Jerseys and 
West Point are to be defended by militia. We are proceeding to 
wards New York, and probably may make an attack on it. It is 
now but thinly garrisoned. If it is not attended with success, at 
least the march of our army that way will recall the enemy back 
from New England. I find the New England regiments are very 
much strengthened by recruits. 

W r e shall certainly want more money, and hope you will be able 
to obtain it. The army being so large now, it will take a greater 
sum than was at first imagined. The importance of the campaign 
requires that the General should be supplied with money for exi 
gencies, or perhaps operations may entirely cease. 



76 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

I am out of quills, and will be much obliged to have some for 
warded me. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
CoL WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

TAPPAN, August 11, 1780. 

SIR : Our almost constant movement occasions a delay in my 
returns. I have at last made out the one for July, which is in 
closed. By the returning escort, I send you some bundles contain 
ing my own and Mr. Reed s vouchers, which I hope you have re 
ceived. Our army arrived here on Tuesday last. We are throwing 
up a work or fort at Dobb s Ferry, possibly to secure a communica 
tion there, and fix one step further towards JSTew York. 

General Arnold has a large garrison of militia at West Point ; 
and on the approach of the French towards New York, we shall 
undoubtedly have a very large army. This points out the neces 
sity of being well supplied in cash. It would be better to have 
.something valuable ; but as that cannot be the case, I wish to see 
the shadow of it. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

CAMP ORANGE-TOWN, Aug. 13, 1780. 

SIR : My department being the only one in the staff composed 
by gentlemen from the State of Connecticut, and under circum 
stances in which we cannot procure more supplies than what are in 
common with the army, at the same time partaking with them in 
the same service, with their discouragements and disadvantages, 
makes me desire to draw from the State a portion of those refresh 
ments and supplies forwarded the army. In case no depreciation is 
made up to us by the State, I will refund the amount of what is re 
ceived in the same proportion with other officers. This method, I 
conceive, will be attended with no ill consequences, as there is no 
other person with the army who can claim it as a precedent. 

Justice points out the propriety of the States dealing out her 



OF TIIE KP:VOLUTIONARY WAR. 77 

benefits with some liberality to all her children who are equally de 
serving. 

By Mr. Lyttle s desire, I write you on the subject, who thinks 
you will be able to give the necessary order for the purpose. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Mr. HUBBARD, ) 

State Store-keeper, Connecticut. J 

CAMP, Sept. 1, 1780. 

SIR : Yours of the 4th ult. came to hand yesterday, and I am 
much obliged for the quills, as I want them exceedingly. The 
money was taken for the Quartermaster-general when the British 
were gone eastward, and our moving for New York. The exertions 
of that department were then indispensably necessary, and having 
no other resource, his Excellency was obliged to draw from the 
chest, or the army must have halted. 

In the list of payments made by you, I observe two advances 
said to be made in April, one to Lieutenant Bigham, and the other 
to Lieutenant Bevins similar accounts of the same date I have re 
ceived from you before. I suppose there has not been two advances 
of the same kind to them in this month. I wish Mr. Audibert 
would put down the regiments the persons belong to to whom you 
make advances, as there are several in this last account that I can 
not tell where charges ought to be made. 

I have paid the army as far as the money has gone for January, 
February, and March ; my cash is now exhausted, and I want about 
400,000 dollars to complete the payment. The army would not 
receive it but on account, which was accordingly entered into the 
warrants to be so, agreeable to a resolve of Congress of the 1 Oth of 
April last. Many of the regiments being mustered for a longer 
time than the 1st of April in one roll, a separation could not be 
made in this case. The General directed me to include the whole 
in one warrant, and give the Paymaster a certificate for the sum 
over the 1st of April to be paid with the rest of the army, which 
is the reason that the balance in the inclosed account current for 



78 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

August appears to be in my favor. I have called for the pay-rolls 
and abstracts of the army up to the 1st of August, for examination, 
which will be completed for payment in a few days. 

I wish that there is a possibility the money may be obtained, as 
we shall then complete the time the army are to be paid in this 
money and the army will now receive it. Perhaps waiting a 
longer time will raise another broil, which will not be so easily 
appeased as the late one. 

I send you by Colonel Forrest 632f dollars of Maryland, Penn 
sylvania, and Delaware money, which came with the last you sent. 
As it will not pass here, I would be obliged to you to receive or ex 
change it for other money. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
To the Paymaster-general. 

HACKENSACK, OLD BRIDGE, Sept. 10, 1780. 

SIR : With my last monthly account, I requested a further sum 
to complete my payments to the 1st of April, since which several 
unexpected demands have appeared, and will require more to dis 
charge them than what I then imagined. Indeed, I hope no ob 
stacle will arise to prevent your obtaining a sufficiency for the 
payment of the army to the 1st of August, when it seems the mil 
lennium of our currency is to take place. 

Some time last year I received your orders not to pay Mr. 
McMordie, of the Pennsylvania troops, any longer, as Mr. Rogers 
was appointed Chaplain to the third brigade. Mr. McMordie, in 
July last, received an appointment to the first brigade, and now 
requests his pay as Chaplain to the llth regiment, from the time 
his pay was stopped to his new appointment, which regiment I sup 
pose he never saw during that time, nor indeed labored very much 
in any vineyard towards gathering into the sheepfold. I have not 
paid him until I can know where he was discharged from the regi 
ment, or I have some further direction in the matter. 

Mr. Reed was with me to-day, who, being unable to maintain 
himself, wishes to leave the service. As the money which has yet 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 79 

passed through my hands has not been half sufficient to defray the 
charges of the department, much less must be coming to him. 
Nothing would have induced me to continue, but the hopes that 
the army would be paid in better money, by which the per cent, 
allowed me would be more valuable. If that is not the case, I must 
leave the department considerably in debt to the public. I wish 
Congress thought with me, that it is their interest to be generous 
to their honest and faithful servants. Can there be a greater in 
ducement to a person to be dishonest, than to find amidst his sacri 
fices that he is denied the means of appearing in character, and 
maintaining himself like a gentleman ? 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE* 
Col. WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

HAOKENSACK, OLD BRIDGE, Sept. 15, 1780. 

SIR : Since the derangement of the Mustering Department there 
5iave been no persons pointed out by Congress for the performance 
of that duty, nor any reward given the officers who have done it 
by the desire of the General ; the consequence of which is, that 
the troops have been mustered in a very irregular and imperfect 
manner, and the advantage arising from the musters, being a 
check to the pay-rolls, is almost wholly lost. I wish, sir, that you 
would represent the matter, that some persons may be particularly 
pointed out by Congress, who will consider it as their inclination 
and duty to transact the business of the department. 

The army being to be paid in the new money after the 1st of 
last month, I am at a loss what allowance is to be given many of 
the officers, particularly the extra pay and subsistence to aides, 
brigade-majors, inspectors, paymasters, adjutants, clothiers, quar 
termasters, <fec. ; also the pay of surgeons and surgeons 7 mates, all 
which has been stated after the 1st January, 1777. Indeed, I wish 
to have the pay of the whole army sent me, which I want now, as 
the pay-rolls and abstracts cannot be made out before this is known. 

I have sent Mr. Burrall all the receipts I have taken up of yours, 
amounting to 10,072 dollars ; the balance due me is 5,472 dollars. 



80 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Money being so much wanted in the department, makes me wish 
you to pay him that sum on his delivering up the receipts. I have 
inclosed you a list of what remains behind. As some of the regi 
ments are at the southward, it is impossible that I should be able 
to keep up the whole. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

ORANGETOWN, Oct. 3, 1780. 

SIR : Since that of the llth of August I have not been honor 
ed by any of yours. On my part I have written you the llth of 
August, and the 1st, 10th, and 15th ult., which I should be happy 
at least to have acknowledged, that in case of failure I may write 
again. Inclosed you have my accounts for September. My situa 
tion is very unhappy, on account of the want of money in the 
army. 

I am, sir, with respect and friendship, yours, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

PAY OFFICE, MAIN ARMY, Nov. l l, lYSO. 

SIR : I returned yesterday from a short furlough, but unfortu 
nately missed your letter which was forwarded for me. I am sorry 
you meet with so many difficulties in obtaining the money for the 
army, and I can assure you their uneasiness increases, which will 
produce in a few days a remonstrance to Congress. I am happy, 
however, they do not think the blame lies in your department, but 
believe they attribute it to the right source. You will note that 
there is due more than 400,000 dollars to several regiments for 
January, February, and March ; that the pay and subsistence of the 
whole army, as well as contingencies, are due in old money after 
that time to the 1st of August ; and that the army have some rea 
son to expect that two months pay may be advanced in the new 
money after that time ; all of which, if received soon, will make 
them contented and happy, but the want of it will probably have a 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 81 

very contrary effect. I mentioned to you, some time since, a desire 
to have the pay of the army, as it stands since 1st of August, sent 
me, which I wish may be done soon, as well as any other directions 
in the making out of the rolls, that I may bring up my examina 
tions since that time ready for payment. It is with pleasure I see 
the late arrangement of Congress adopted by the army with cheer 
fulness, and am persuaded we shall be ready long before the 1st of 
January to drop into the settled form. The officers who retire will 
expect to receive their pay before they leave camp ; and it will be 
political to pay the soldiers also on their discharge. 

The Assembly of Connecticut are apportioning their quota of 
troops into districts, who are each to raise a soldier for three years, 
or during the war ; and in case of refusal, one is to be hired, and 
the amount levied from the district, agreeable to their grand list. 
They will call in their own money, lay a tax on continental, and 
another on provisions, or hard money. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 



PAT OFFICE, Nov. 7, 1780. 

SIR : I am to congratulate you on the situation in which I have 
just heard you have entered. Your immediate partner I am ac 
quainted with, and wish each of you every happiness that arises 
from so tender and endearing a connection. 

Cannot you let me have your note from the Treasurer of Connect 
icut ? I want money so much that I would do almost any thing 
for some. I have a friend at Hartford who can catch the money as 
fast as it comes to the treasury. If you want any of it, when I get 
some, I will let you have it ; and any authority you desire shall be 
procured, for the transfer either from Colonel Palfrey, the treasury, 
or General Washington. If you will let me have the note it will 
oblige me to have it sent immediately, or if not, your answer. 
I am, dear sir, yours, sincerely, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
THOS. READ, Esq. 

4* 



82 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

PAY OFFICE, MAIN ARMY, Nov. 8, 1780. 

SIR : Since mine of the 19th May ult., I have received yours of 
the 6th of the same month. The several advances since that time 
may require your attention, either in stopping or transmitting to 
some other department, which are as follows : 

Dec. 31, 1779 Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Lieut. Col. Dirkes, 

his pay from Nov. 5, 1778, to Dec. 31, 1779, . . 2,964 
Pay and subsistence for January, 1780, . . . 460 
Ditto, for February and March, 1780, .... 920 
Ditto, from March to June, 1780, .... 1,380 

April 5, 1780 Paid by Mr. Stelle, D. P. M. Gen., for the 
Rhode Island Department, to Lieut. Col. Lewis Morris, 
Aid-de-Carnp to Gen. Sullivan, now to Gen. Greene, 
on account, . 120 

May 2, 1780 Paid by myself, to Lieut. Col. Nathaniel 
Eamsey, of the Maryland Line, a prisoner on parole, 
on account, . 2,500 

July 5, 1780 Paid by myself, to Lieut. Col. Lewis Morris, 

Aid-de-Camp to Major Gen. Greene, on account, . 2,000 

July 11, 1780 Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Lieut. Ludeman, 

for pay and subsistence for March and April, . . 232 

July 11, 1780 Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Lieut. Col. John 
Laurens, on account of his expenses when sent to 
Philadelphia by Gen. Lincoln . . . . 2,000 

July 25, 1780 Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Capt. John Corse, 
of the Delaware regiment, for difference of pay and 
subsistence between a Captain and Lieutenant, from 
January 26, 1778, to March 1, 1780, . . . 1,107 

August 4, 1780 Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Cornet Perre- 

grine Fitzhugh, of Baylor s Dragoons, . . . 2,700 

August 13, 1780 Paid by myself, to Ensign William 
Spencer, of the 8th Va. regiment, on account of his 
pay, per the hands of Mr. Williams, . . . 800 

August 14, 1780 Paid by myself, to Lieut. Col. Oliver 

Towles, a prisoner on parole, on account, . . . 4,000 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 83 

August 22, 1780 Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Col. David 

Hall, of the Delaware regiment, .... 4,000 

August 29, 1780 Paid by myself, to Capt. John Bard, of 
the second Georgia battalion, a prisoner on parole, on 
account . . . . . . . . . 1,500 

August 30, 1780 Paid by Col." Palfrey, to Lewis De Pon- 
tiere, of Pulaski s Legion, for pay and subsistence 
from Feb. 1 to July 1 1,250 

October 2, 1780 Paid by myself, to Jacob Collins, a pri 
vate in the 2d Maryland regiment, for two years pay 
and one year s subsistence, while in the hospital at 

Albany, 280 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
JOSEPH CLAY, Esq., Southern Army. 

PAY OFFICE, MAIN ARMY, Nov. 8, 1780. 

SIR : Inclosed I transmit you my last month s account, and a 
letter of stoppages in the Southern department, which I wish you to 
forward. 

Money ! money ! money ! or rather the want of it, is the word. 
It will oblige me much to hear what prospects you have of obtain 
ing any. 

I am, with much respect and friendship, yours, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, Nov. 17, 1780. 

SIR : Colonel Pickering has just informed me you wrote him 
you design to resign, and that you are going to France. You are 
sensible, sir, of the delicacy of my situation, my length of service, 
and if I have any, my merit, and I could wish for your friendship 
and influence to succeed you, if you think proper. 

I suppose I ought to take your place ; and if I fail in my at 
tempt, I am determined to resign, which will be at this time dis 
agreeable, as I have sacrificed so much that I had, perhaps, better 



84 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

give up the whole of my time to the public. You will excuse my 
haste, and believe me to be, with sincerity, 

Your most obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

PAY OFFICE, Nov. 18, IT 80. 

Sm : I feel a degree of regret in parting with so valuable a 
friend and principal, whose ability and inclination can never be re 
placed by another. Should the person you mention be appointed, 
his exertions will not be wanting, however he may fall short in 
point of genius. I take this opportunity, sir, to acknowledge the 
many and repeated obligations I lay under to you, and can at 
present only return them by wishing you every happiness and 
prosperity. 

I cannot find that I ever received of you a million of dollars on 
the llth of September, 1779, which you will perceive to be the case 
on the examination of my returns. The first was July 24th, the 
next, October 6th, and the next, November 30th. I have sent a 
blank receipt, which you will fill up properly, as I suppose you 
mistook the date in your letter. I have inclosed you the account 
you desired. I have taken up one receipt more, that from Thomas 
Dugan for 403J dollars, which I have sent Mr. Bun-all. 

I have not money enough to ride out of camp, and cannot there 
fore see you now ; but if the appointment takes place, I shall go 
immediately for Philadelphia. 

I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. WM. PALFREY, P. M. Gen. 

PAY OFFICE, Nov. 28, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : I would beg leave to represent that the extra pay 
given officers of the line, who are aides-de-camp, brigade-majors, 
regimental-paymasters, clothiers, adjutants, and quartermasters, has 
been stated since the first of January, 1777, the time to which the 
resolution of Congress of the 12th of August last has retrospect in 
determining the pay of the army. In case this extra pay was fixed 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 85 

higher on account of the depreciation, it ought then to have a new 
stating ; but if it was designed to be made up as good money, it 
ought then, perhaps, stand as it is. I am informed that some of 
the States have considered it as hard money, and made up the de 
preciation accordingly. 

As the accounts of the army, since the first of August last, are at 
a stand for this to be determined, I would be obliged, gentlemen, 
for your attention in the matter. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Hon. Board of Treasury. 

PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 20, 1780. 

SIR : Inclosed you have a warrant in my favor on the Treasu 
rer of Connecticut, and another on the Treasurer of Rhode Island 
both endorsed to you. 

As you are present at Hartford, I make no doubt of your being 
able to obtain the money there, and wish, after you have been in 
formed where that from Rhode Island can be had, you will send an 
express for it, if you cannot get it easier. You see I presume on 
your friendship, which I have experienced so often, and do not 
doubt but you will be happy to serve me. Mr. Reed has a note 
from the Treasurer of Connecticut for more than 800,000 dollars. 
I have written him to let me have it. He says I may, on deliver 
ing him a part. 

AYill you ask the Treasurer how much of it he can advance, and 
when the whole can be paid ? If the sum is worth receiving, I 
will get the note and send it to you. 

I am, dear sir, yours sincerely, 

J. BURKALL, Esq. * JOHN 



.1 



By Mr. McCall 

PAY OFFICE, Dec. 26, 1780. 

GENTLEMEN : Captain William Brown, of Colonel Charles Har 
rison s regiment of artillery, who has been stationed at Fort Schuy- 
ler, is now on his march with his company to join the Southern 
army. Not being furnished with money to defray his expenses, he 



86 



CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 



is obliged to call for the pay of the company, which is due since 
the 1st of January last, amounting to August 1st, in the old money, 
to 12,375 dollars, and from that time to the 1st inst. to 2,636 dol 
lars in the new emissions, warrants for which the Board of Wai- 
have granted on me. As I am unsupplied in cash, I thought it not 
improper to request, if the money can be obtained, that your honor 
able Board will report in my favor on the Treasurer to enable me 
to pay him. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 



The following is a list of Captain Brown s company who are to 
be paid : 



William Brown, Captain. 
James Smith, Captain-lieutenant. 
James McFaddon, First do. 
John Carson, Second do. 
Thomas Stanley, Cadet. 
John Stanley, Volunteer. 
John Staples, Sergeant. 
(Given him a certificate of pay to Dec. 20, 
1780.) 

Henry Slack, Sergeant. 
Thomas Barber, do. 
Charles Stewart, do. 
Patrick Cochran, do. 
Alex. A. Mackay, do. 
(Deserted Oct. 20, 1T80.) 
Arthur Carnes, Corporal. 
Tamolin Spencer, do. 
John Radcliff, do. 

Thomas Fanning, do. 
Michael Hawke, do. 
Samuel J. Nelme, do. 
Thomas Condron, Bombardier. 
Michael O Brien, do. 

William Jones, do. 

Philip O Bryan, do. 



John Connolly, Gunner. 
John Vaughn, do. 
John Slack, do. 

James Welch, do. 

James Whalen, do. 
James Brooks, Drummer. 
Peter Minor, jun., Fifer. 
Isaac Burton, Matross. 
Thomas Brown, do. 

(October 1, 1T80.) 
Ignatius Butler, Matrosa. 
Eobert Campbell, do. 
James Compton, do. 
James Cole, do. 

Hugh Champlin, do. 
John Evans, do 

John Fitzgerald, sen. do. 
John Fitzgerald, jun. do. 
Mark Goldsboro , do. 
Ignatius Griffin, do. 
Jonathan Gill, do. 

William Huckersen, do. 
Edward Hennissey. do. 
Henry Higgs, do. 

Daniel Harvey, do. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



87 



William Harney, Matross. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
for during the 



Francis Johnson, 
Peter Lawrence, 
Joshua Lovely, 
Robert Livingston, 
(Recruited Nov. 13, 1780, 
war.") 

Peter Maynor, sen., Matross. 
"William Moran, do. 

(Kecruited Nov. 29, 1TSO, for during the 
war.) 

Mays Neviu, Matross. 
Benjamin Palmore, do. 
Francis Popharn, do. 
Samuel Popham, do. 
(Given him a certificate of pay to Dec. 20, 
1780.) 

Joseph Pogue, Matross. 
Peter Robinson, do. 



Thomas Smith, Matross. 
Reuben Scott, do. 
John Saunders, do. 
(Given him a certificate of pay to Dec. 20, 
1780.) 

James Simonds, Matross. 
(Recruited Nov. 13, 1780, for during; the 
war.) 

William Stalker, Matross. 
(Recruited Nov. 13, 1780, for during the 
war.) 

James Taylor, Matross. 
David Young, do. 
Michael Hawke, do. 
(Exchanged for Thomas Brown, October 
1, 1780.) 

George Baker, Matross. 
(Executed by sentence of Court Martial, 
Nov. 2. 1780.) 

NOTE. This company belonged to the Maryland line. 

COWPER S MILLS, Va., March 19, 1781 

SIR : Mr. Bacon will deliver you sixty-three guns to be repaired. 
Some of them are very good guns, and may be made fit for service 
with very little labor. I think it would be most advisable to exam 
ine all the arms, and have those got in order first which are in 
want of the least repairs. 

I received yours of the 15th respecting the box of flints. I have 
got them, but did not know what number the box contained. 

I hope you will be shortly able to furnish the army with a num 
ber of guns. The wagon that brings the damaged arms may be 
left to transport the repaired arms to the different posts where they 
may be wanted. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

PAUL WOOLFOLK, Cond. M. Stores. 
Mr. W. PORTER, at Broad water. 

BABE S FIELDS, Va., April 2, 1781. 

SIR : The bearer, Wagon-master George Godby, waits for a load 
of provisions. Dispatch him and the others as soon as possible. 



88 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

I desired Mr. Adkins to give you a horse and let him have the 
order. 

I shall send you one quire of paper the first opportunity. At 
present every thing is packed up. 

I am yours obediently, 

H. MORRIS, Ass t Qr. Mr. Gen. 
W. PORTER, C. M. Stores, Broadwater. 

CAMP NEAR SCOTT S, YA., April 10, 1781. 

SIR : By a brigade of wagons and guard, you will receive a 
very considerable quantity of stores, that are given up by the mili 
tia who have served their tours of duty. You will please to take 
them in and make out an exact inventory of what are delivered to 
you. On account of the large number received, and what I ex 
pect to take in for several days, render it impossible for me to send 
a list of those articles at this time ; but when matters are in a more 
settled situation, I shall make out a just list of what you may from 
time to time receive. It is the General s desire that all the car 
tridges which are in their boxes should be taken out and put in 
boxes which you will have made for that purpose. From the scar 
city of cartridges, you cannot be too careful of those you will re 
ceive. You will observe that nearly all the guns are loaded. 

In a few days the better half of our militia will be discharged, 
and I expect to see you at Broadwater very shortly, in company 
with the remaining part of our army. 

I am your friend and obedient servant, 

PAUL WOOLFOLK, Ass t Com. Mil. Stores. 
Mr. WM. PORTER, > 

Com. Mil. Stores at Broadwater. J 

PRINCE GEORGE COURT-HOUSE, VA., April 13, 1781. 
SIR : After much trouble with bad wagons, I have at length ar 
rived at this place with all the stores taken from Broadwater and 
below. For fear cartridges should be wanted below, I have sent 
down one box containing 117 dozen. The wagons will get to 
Broadwater by Sunday evening. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WA.R. 89 

I imagine the General has given you further directions respect 
ing the removal of the military stores. You will make yourself 
acquainted with his intentions relative thereto, and dispatch those 
wagons, and others you may have got, with all expedition. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

PAUL WOOLFOLK, A. C. M. Stores. 
WM. PORTER, C. M. S., Broadwater. 

ELAND S TAVERN, Va., April 21, 1781. 

SIR : You will receive by four wagons a quantity of damaged 
arms, sent up from Broadwater. You will dispose of them agree 
ably to the directions you receive from the Baron Steuben or Major 
Pry or. The number is not ascertained, being those you had an 
account of below. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

PAUL WOOLFOLK, A. C. M. Stores. 
Mr. WM. PORTER, C. M. Stores. 

CHESTERFIELD COURT-HOUSE, Va., April 25, 1781. 
SIR : By two wagons you will receive 230 guns, which were 
taken from Petersburg yesterday. I believe them to be a part of 
the arms taken from Broadwater. You will charge me with two 
guns, which I furnished the militia with yesterday. Those are 
the whole left in Petersburg. On my way down, I met with 
General Muhlenburgh, Cabin Point, and returned again to Prince 
George. Mr. Robert Smith is sent down to remove all the stores 
remaining at Broadwater. I gave him your letters and instruc 
tions for what you were in want of at that place. I am now on my 
way to Richmond. Mr. Edward Moore is appointed to act below 
in my place. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

PAUL WOOLFOLK, A. C. M. Stores. 
Mr. PORTER, 
C. M. Stores, Powhatan C. E 

CHESTER* IELD COURT-HOUSE, VA., April 25, 1781. 
SIR : The bearer waits on you with a wagon for the following 



90 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

ammunition, viz. : 100 sixth-round cartridges, 50 six-pound canister 
cartridges, 24 port-fires, and 100 sixth tubes. 

You have not been explicit enough in your return. You men 
tion 18 boxes of cannon cartridges, but do not mention the size, 
though I think there must be the sixth among them. If not, 
send express for those to Goochland Court-house. Tubes are at 
the last-mentioned place. Do not detain the whole for a deficiency 
of a part, but send off what you have immediately, and the balance 
will follow as soon as possible down the road leading to this place, 
or where you may hear the army is. 

There has been a pretty severe action this afternoon at Peters 
burg. The enemy have possession of that place, and our army has 
retreated to a few miles below this, and are to march to-morrow 
morning at four o clock up to this place, and further up the road if 
necessary. Our men behaved exceedingly well, but r overpowered by 
numbers, were obliged to retire. Our loss was about fifty killed 
and wounded, and the enemy s considerably more by every account. 

If you have any musket-cartridges, send them also. Be as expe 
ditious as possible, as we are nearly out of ammunition. 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

J. PRYOR, Field Com. Mil. Stores. 
Mr. WM. PORTER, i 

Com. Mil. Stores, Powhatan. ) 

CAMP, COAL-PIT, VA., April SO, 1781. 

SIR : I received by the wagoner the articles mentioned in your 
letter, and have also sent you 59 muskets, 57 bayonets, 39 cartridge- 
boxes, part of a barrel of damaged cartridges and bullets, and two 
barrels of powder. The powder and bullets I received at Peters 
burg, which you will receive. The bayonets, cartridge-boxes, and 
muskets are all damaged ; also some of them you sent are not fit 
for use. I have never seen Smith since I came down, but will make 
inquiry for pork, &c. I will speak to the General for the armorers, 
and I am, with esteem, 

Your obedient servant, 

EDWARD MOORE, C. M. Stores. 
Mr. W. PORTER, C. M. Stores. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 91 

CHESTERFIELD COURT-HOUSE, VA M May 5, 1781. 

g m : You will take under your charge five wagons, containing 
400 stand of arras, complete with bayonets, &c., 200 leather car 
tridges, two hundred tin canisters, and two thousand flints, and you 
will proceed immediately to Suffolk. Immediately on your arrival, 
you will acquaint General Muhlenburgh of it. You will not by 
any means deliver any of the above articles without General Muh- 
lenburgh s particular order. You will set out from this place this 
evening, or to-morrow-morning very early, so that you may arrive 
at Suffolk by the 8th instant. 

By order of Major-general Steuben. 

JAMES FAIRLIE, Aid-de-Camp. 
WM. PORTER, C. M. Stores. 

RICHMOND, May 6, 1781. 

SIR : Yours dated yesterday, at Carter s Ferry, just came to 
hand. I am happy to hear you have got a shop and set the ar 
morers to work. As they are fixed, they may remain where they 
are till further orders, and continue to repair arms with all expedi 
tion. Colonel Davis orders, I think, were very proper, only I do 
not suppose he knew a large quantity of powder will be immedi 
ately wanted for a battery of four 24-pounders and four 18-pound- 
ers, at Hood s Creek. 

I have called on Captain Brown for the balls and every other 
necessary that must be brought down immediately. I would wish 
you to send down all the cannon ammunition fit for service, musket 
ammunition, arms in repair with bayonets fitted to them, and an 
equal number of cartridge-boxes, sky-rockets, and port-fires, and 
tubes, if you have any, to Westham, addressed to Mr. McRoberts, 
Field Commissary of Military Stores, whom I have appointed as 
such, and I will direct some person to receive them. 

The loose balls are of no use in camp. You will therefore send 
them to the laboratory at Goochland Court-house, taking a receipt 
for them ; and all the other military stores you will have carried 
up to Point of Fork, and deposited in some secure house, under the 
eye of some careful person who will take charge of them. You 
will send all the empty cartridge-boxes you may have, or can pro- 



92 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

cure, to the laboratory, to pack cartridges in, to be sent down to 
the army, they being much wanted, barrels having been made use 
of for the want of them. 

After you have done what is above required, you will make Mr. 
Gray, who I suppose is at the head of the armory, responsible for 
the arms, &c., left in his care, and press him to push their repairs 
as much as possible then you may go home to Broad water, and 
have all the arms, &c., in that quarter, brought immediately up 
those in repair to be left with the new levies at Chesterfield Court 
house, and the damaged ones carried up to Colonel James s or the 
armory for repairs. 

I did expect a complete return of all the stores you had in charge, 
as well as the horse-accoutrements I requested you to take charge 
of. You may re-deliver them to the Quartermaster, as they are not 
in your department, and render him an account of your issues of 
them, and show him your authority for so doing. 

You will please to be very particular in this, and send me a sim 
ilar account of them. 

I am, sir, your obedient and humble servant, 

J. PRYOR, Com. Gen. Mil. Stores. 

Mr. W. POETEE, C. M. S., Carter s Ferry. 

November 9, 1782. 

SIR : Pursuant to the orders of Major-general Greene, of the 
2d and 3d days of November, 1*782, we have formed the 1st and 
3d regiments of dragoons, now serving in the State of South Caro 
lina, into five troops, agreeably to an order of the Secretary of War, 
to be commanded by the following officers, viz. : . 

George Baylor, Colonel, commissioned January 8, 1777. 
William Washington, Lieutenant-colonel. 
John Swan, Major, commissioned October 21, 1780. 
Churchill Jones, Captain, do. June 1, 1777. 
John AVatts, do. do. April 7, 1778. 

William Barrett, do. do. May, 1779. 

William Parsons, do. do. November, 1779. 
John Hughes, do. do. March 31, 1781. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 93 

Ambrose Gordon, 1st Lieut., commissioned December, 1779. 

John Linton, do. do. May, 1780. 

Henry Bower, do. 

Francis "Whiting, do. 

Chas. Yarborough, do. 

James Merriweather, 2d Lieut. 

John Harris, do. 

George White, do. 

Philip Stewart, do. 

William Fitzhugh, do. 

Nelson, Paymaster. 

Charles Scott, Cornet. 

Jasper Hughes, do. 

John Massey, do. 

John Perry, do. 

John Walters, do. 

Robert Rose, Surgeon. 

John Wallace, do. 

Vaughn, Surgeon s Mate. 

Doctor Rose being sick at present, and unable to do immediate 
duty, Doctor Wallace is arranged to do the duty of Surgeon to the 
regiment until the recovery of Dr. Rose. 

It is the opinion of the Board that a Court of Inquiry be, as 
soon as possible, ordered to determine the rank of the officers, to 
the end that the dates of their commissions may be inserted in the 
arrangement. We have arranged the officers of the 1st and 3d 
regiments to a command in the five troops, in proportion to the 
number of troops in each corps, from the principle of their being 
entitled to promotion regimentally. 

Your obedient servants, 

ANTHONY WAYNE, B. G. 
JOHN SWAN, Major L. D. 

CHURCHILL JONES, Captain L. D. 
(No address.) 

NEW HAVEN, Jan. 10, 1783. 

SIR : The circumstances of my business render it impossible for 



94: CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

me to receive any part of the securities now to be issued to the 
army. The late 4th Connecticut regiment has no agent appointed 
to receive theirs. I wish they might be delivered to Mr. Beers, as 
the principal part of the officers and men belong to this county. 

The 2d Connecticut regiment I suppose General Swift will re 
ceive, as he is agent ; otherwise I should like them also delivered to 
Mr. Beers, in order that the several charges made against individ 
uals might be rightly understood from my accounts. 

I shall, after the securities are issued to the several regiments, 
apply to your office with my accounts stated for settlement. 

I conclude that the accounts made out by Mr. Clark, for 1783, 
as well as those I handed you, are rightly understood, so that the 
securities can be issued to the two regiments at the time the other 
regiments in the Connecticut line receive theirs, as no advice has 
been received to the contrary. 

I send my account by Mr. Beers for the extra pay as Paymaster, 
which was to be paid in Morris notes, or money for those who at 
tended to the settlement of accounts. Likewise, the amount due 
for subsistence, I should receive it as a particular favor to have it 
paid him. 

I am your obedient servant, 

JOHN SHERMAN. 
JOHN PIERCE, P. M. Gen. 

POUGHKEEPSIE, 1ST. Y., May 17, 1783. 

SIR : I was honored with yours of the 8th inst. I remember 
exceeding well having a bundle of papers from you, on account of 
expenses attending the transportation of cannon to Farmington, but 
cannot recollect the amount ;- and as these vouchers shared the same 
fate with almost the whole of my other papers, I do not esteem my 
self at liberty to give any new vouchers until Congress has pointed 
out some general course by which my conduct ought to be regula 
ted in all such cases. 

I am, with the greatest respect, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

UDNY HAY, D. Q. M. Gen. 
Col. EBENEZER STEVENS. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 95 

PHILADELPHIA, June 3, 1783. 

SIR : This morning I received your letter relative to the money 
advanced you to pay for the transportation of the ordnance and 
stores from Albany to Farmington. 

I must inform you that immediately on my return, I made up my 
account for every farthing received by me, and gave it you ; soon 
after which it was examined and approved by the Auditors at Al 
bany, and referred to Colonel Hay, as being in his department, for 
settlement at which time I delivered you every paper relative to 
the transaction, and have never since seen any of them. Having 
done with them entirely, the receipt given you was cancelled ; and 
you having delivered the papers to Colonel Hay, who also examined 
and admitted them, exonerates you from blame by his misfortune. 
He repeatedly offered you a discharge, and I always thought you 
had it, and that the whole matter was settled long since. Colonel 
Hay, upon application, will certainly certify that the whole was 
settled, which I suppose will be satisfactory. 

With regard to the pay received by me and my department, you 
will find it by examining the abstracts ; but I will send you a copy 
of the account as it stands between us, from which you can extract 
any sums that ought to be charged the public which remain unac 
counted for. 

You will see that I have accounted with you for all that I ever 
received, except the money for the transportation, which, having 
settled with you on my return, closed the transaction on my part 
nor have I a scrap of paper on the subject. Having done the 
business for you, and the examination having been made and ap 
proved, I conceived myself as exonerated, and made no register of 
the matter. 

Brother Ben will sail in a few days for the Cape. He presents 
abundance of love. 

With affection, I remain yours, 

SAMUEL HODGDON. 
Col. EBENEZER STEVENS. 

RAEDING, Decemper 24, 1783. 
DEIR SIR : I schold Dack it as a graet faver, you wold be so 



96 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

kint and to Ender My Name and Capt. Jacob Mytinger of my 
Troop in the Boock of Sociedy of Sencinates for whecli we have 
Laft a Monts Pay whet the Pay Master Generale of the arMy, and 
hafe encloset a Certificat from the Pay Master Generale, whech 
mentionet that the Money May be Trowen as Sun the order is 
Broeduset. I schall be Blaesed to you, you will Rid me a Lader 
and Mentionet what Money must be send for Endrens, if der is any 
oder Exbenses, you will be so Kint as to lad us Know. My Seff 
and Capt. Mytinger will Comply whet what you schalle Tin proper, 
Sir, I Remin whet the Gradest Estim 

Your Efectiont frend and M. H. S. 

BARTHW. VON HEER, 

Major Light Dragoons. 
Col. HARMER, at Mrs. Srunk s Tawern, ) 
Second Streed, Philadelphia. j" 

ANNAPOLIS, Jan. 1, 1784. 

SIR : About the time we adjourned from Princeton I received a 
line from you, to which you would probably have discovered before 
this time that I had paid every attention possible; but there have 
not since that time been nine States represented in Congress. Your 
concerns are delayed with the most important ones of the nation. 

On the application of some foreign officers for some immediate 
pay, a committee was appointed some time ago, of which I am 
chairman. The journals ought to show what has and what has 
not .been promised or done for the foreign officers who have been 
in our service ; but there are many different opinions as to the 
manner in which our executive officers construe the meaning of 
those journals. 

Be so good as to inform me, whether in settling the accounts of 
foreign officers who have been in our service they have been al 
lowed half-pay. If half-pay has been allowed to any of them, 
whether it has been indiscriminately allowed to those who had and 
to those who had not taken the oath of fidelity to the United States. 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

HUGH WILLIAMSON. 

JOHN PIERCE, Esq. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 97 

COMPTROLLER-GENERAL S OFFICE, Jan. 30, 1784. 
SIR: The State has paid to Lieutenants Benjamin Marshall, 

John Hughes, and Morrison, of the Pennsylvania line, the 

sum of one hundred and forty-six dollars and two-thirds of a dol 
lar, each, being for 5^ months pay, which you will please to charge 
them with at the settlement of their accounts. 

I am your friend and very humble servant, 

JOHN NICHOLSON, Aud. Gen. 
JOSEPH HOWELL, Esq. 

BOSTON, Nov. 18, 1784 

SIR : Your favor of the 18th September, by Captain Thomas H. 
Oondy, I have received. I am exceedingly disappointed that Cap 
tain Condy was not able to settle my accounts, as he was fully em 
powered by me for that purpose. I flatter myself that by this time 
you have been able to find my account, with the vouchers. If 
they are not already examined, I request you to have them taken 
up the first opportunity after the receipt of this, as I am very anx 
ious to have them adjusted. A line from you, by the post, on this 
subject, will lay me under a particular obligation. 

I am, with great esteem, your obedient servant, 

HENRY JACKSON. 
JOHN PIERCE, Esq., P. M. Gen. 

TRENTON, Dec. 11, 1784. 

SIR: I should be very much obliged to you to inform me, 
whether, by the orders of Congress, the widow or children of a 
Major-general who lost his life in the service is entitled to the half- 
pay of a Major-general for seven years, or to that of a Colonel only. 

There is a dispute in the State of Massachusetts which is suspend 
ed on the decision of this question. 

If you think the case clear, your opinion, with the grounds of 
it, will no doubt give satisfaction ; but if you are in any doubt, I 
shall apply to Congress for an explanation of those acts. 

I am, with the highest esteem, your obedient servant, 

GEORGE PARTRIDGE. 
Col. JOHN PIERCE, P. M. Gen. 

5 



98 COEEESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

NORWICH, Dec. 16, 1784. 

SIR: Since I wrote you last, respecting my ration accounts 
(an answer to which I have not had the pleasure, although 
Mr. Brown tells me you wrote me by Mr. Lovell), I recollect 
that I signed them in a form that might answer for a discharge 
in full ; and should you leave the office, it might be concluded by 
your predecessor that the accounts were settled and paid. I pre 
sume that the act of Congress of the 3d of June supersedes the 
necessity of Colonel Stewart s vouchers. 

If it appears so to you, I will be much obliged to you to pay 
the balance due me on those accounts to Mr. Pelatiah Webster, 
and beg the favor of him, in my behalf, to send it to me by some 
convenient opportunity, or to bring it when he next comes to Nor 
wich. 

I am, dear sir, with great regard, your humble servant, 

JEDEDIAH HUNTINGHFON. 
JOHN PIERCE, P. M. Gen., Philadelphia. 



YORK, Dec. 24, 1784. 
SIR : I am under the necessity of requesting the favor of you 
to examine the muster-rolls of the Invalid Corps ; and in Captain 
Woelport s company you will find a man by the name of Simon 
Peterson, who was formerly a soldier in the 4th New York regi 
ment, commanded by Colonel Henry B. Livingston. The s-aid 
Peterson was sent to Simsbury Hospital when the regiment lay at 
Wyoming, in October, 1779, and he was invalided from that place 
the latter part of that year, or in 1780, on account of a bayonet 
having been run through his foot. He served in the Invalid Corps 
until 1783, when he was legally discharged on pension, but unfor 
tunately lost his discharge, and by that means was deprived of his 
depreciation, pension, and all other emoluments which are due to 
him from the State of New York, unless he can make it appear 
he served in the Invalid Corps after he left the New York line. 
After you have examined the rolls, you will be kind enough to 
send such a certificate back by Mr. Horton, the bearer, as will 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 99 

serve as a voucher for the Auditors of the State of New York, 
which is all they require. 

Your obedient servant, 

JOSEPH MORRELL. 
JOSEPH Ho WELL, Esq., Philadelphia. 



YORK, August 2, 1785. 
SIR : The Commissioner for settling the army accounts, to whom 
was referred the petition of James Gilleland, late a Captain in the 
corps of Sappers and Miners, begs leave to report that notwith 
standing Captain Gilleland has stated in his petition that he served 
in the army to the end of the war, it appears by the returns of the 
corps and by the records of the War Office, that he resigned his 
commission on the 9th day of October, 1782 which resignation, in 
the opinion of your Commissioner, debars him from the benefits 
of the resolution of Congress of the 16th September, 1776, grant 
ing lands, and of October 21st, 1780, granting half-pay for life to 
such officers as shall continue in service to the end of the war ; 
that there is still due to James Gilleland some arrears of pay and 
subsistence, certificates for which will be issued to him on his ap 
plication. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
President of Congress. 



YORK, August 8, 1785. 
SIR : In answer to your note respecting the specie paid to the 
officers of the army in the years 1782 and 1783, I beg leave, to 
inform you that there has not been any advanced by a State to 
any of the lines to my knowledge on account of their pay, but the 
sum has been furnished by the United States under the arrange 
ment of the Office of Finance, and I believe by no particular reso 
lution of Congress. The sum intended to be advanced to the army 
under these regulations has been two months for officers of higher 
grades in 1782, and four months for the line in general in 1783, 
which was advanced in notes of the Superintendent of Finance, 
payable in six months to the Northern army, and by bills at thirty 



100 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

and sixty days sight for the Southern army. The Northern lines 
are completely paid, and there are considerable arrears, which I am 
endeavoring to ascertain with precision, now due to the Southern 
troops. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Hon. THOMAS McKsAN.. 

NEW YORK, August 10, 1785. 

SIR : The Paymaster-general, to whom was referred the peti 
tion of Pierre Regnier de Rousse, late a Lieutenant-colonel in the 
fourth and second New York regiments, praying the depreciation 
on his pay, begs leave to report that it appears the petitioner re 
signed his commission on the 24th day of March, 1780 ; that by 
the resolutions of Congress of the 10th day of April and of the 
8th day of August, 1780, and of the 15th of May and 12th of Au 
gust, 1783, this allowance appears to be altogether restricted to the 
officers in the service on the 10th day of April, 1780 ; that Mons. 
Regnier conceives himself entitled to claim, his depreciation, par 
ticularly as he was a foreigner previous to the war, expecting that 
a distinction would be admitted between foreign and domestic of 
ficers ; which principle the Paymaster-general humbly conceives to 
be improper, and not justified by any usage or resolution of Con 
gress. He therefore submits the following resolve : That Mons. 
Regnier, having resigned his commission prior to any promise of 
depreciation, cannot, agreeable to the principles adopted by Con 
gress in such cases, be entitled to this allowance. 

JOHN PIERCE, P. M. Gen. 
President of Congress, 

ANNAPOLIS, August 15, 1785. 

SIR : I had a letter from Major Allen McLane, late of Lee s 
Legion, in answer to one I wrote him on the subject of an advance 
by the State of Maryland, in which he requests the same may be 
charged to the United States, to be accounted for by him on final 
settlement; and although I have already transmitted the account 
to your office, I have thought proper to mention the matter again, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 101 

lest that might have been mislaid. The sum charged to Major 
McLane is 187 10, new emission, received in March, 1781, at the 
rate of 3j for 1, is 57 13 10, specie, for which sum please to 
charge him, and give the State of Maryland credit therefor. The 
certificates for horses taken, and purchased by Major McLane 
within this State, have all been taken up and liquidated by the 
State, and will be charged to the United States in general account. 

In answer to your letter of the 14th July, on the subject of the 
advance to the Baron De Kalb, I have to inform you that I never 
received any money from him, nor did I ever hear of his taking up 
any money for the purposes you mention until I received your let 
ter. As soon as I receive answers to the inquiries I have set on 
foot touching this business, I will write to you again thereon. 
With highest regard, I am your obedient servant, 

C. RICHMOND, Auditor-general. 

JOHN PIERCE, Esq., New York. 

BALTIMORE, August 18, 1785. 

SIR: I have delayed answering yours of the 14th July, expect 
ing to be able to give you some information respecting the ex 
penditure of the money received by the Baron De Kalb. I have 
not yet met with any person that can give me any information on 
the subject, more than that the Baron was known to have a large 
sum of money in his hands for the purpose of marching the troops 
to the southward, and that Captain Joseph Marbury, Quartermas 
ter for the detachment, received part of it for the use of his depart 
ment. I make no doubt but he has, or can account for what he 
received. He is now in Virginia. I will write to him on the sub 
ject, if an opportunity offers. I think, from considering the circum 
stances of the army, that but a small part of the money could have 
been expended. It soon became useless in procuring any thing 
whatever for the army, and recourse was had to other means for 
subsistence. With respect to arrearages of clothing, I doubt wheth 
er the army ever received it. 

I am your most obedient servant, 

J. E. HOWARD. 

JOHN PIERCE, Esq., P. M. Gen., New York. 



102 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 



YORK, August, 19, 1785. 
GENTLEMEN : The petition of John Buchanan, citizen of the 
State of New York, most respectfully showeth, that your petitioner 
was one among the first of the inhabitants of the State who avowed 
an opposition to the arbitrary measures of the British government, 
and was honored with the command of a company of his fellow- 
citizens upon the first arrangement of the militia in this city, in the 
year 17*75; that early in the year 1776, your petitioner was em 
ployed by the Commander-in-chief, and by other Generals, in many 
confidential and difficult services, which he has had the happiness 
to execute to their satisfaction, and was in the year 1777 appointed 
a superintendent of the water-craft on the Hudson River ; that in 
the month of January, 1778, your petitioner being, with the boats 
under his command, at Tarrytown, far advanced of the enemy, and 
stationed for their greater security in their winter cantonments, 
was apprised that a party of the enemy were approaching with an 
intent, among other objects, to destroy the boats and guard under 
his command, but he had the good fortune to either kill or make 
prisoners the whole of the party, although in the action he was 
wounded, and thereby not only disabled from service for a consider 
able time, but has in a great measure lost the use of his right arm 
forever; that as soon as your petitioner was able to withdraw him 
self from the hospital, he again entered upon his duty, and on the 3d 
of February, 1779, was appointed by General McDougall to a very 
troublesome and confidential service, and stationed at the garrison 
at West Point, which appointment was afterwards confirmed by 
General Washington, and in this station your petitioner remained 
to the close of the war ; that all the pay and subsistence of your 
petitioner was equal to that of a Captain in the line of the army ; 
yet, from the frequent changes in the Quartermaster-general s de 
partment, or causes which he knows not, there is due to him his 
pay from the 21st of August, 1778, to the 4th of August, 1780, 
and his subsistence for the same space of time, except while he was 
in the hospital ; and there is also due to him the depreciation of 
his pay from the 1st of September, 1777, to the said 21st of Au 
gust, 1778. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 103 

Your petitioner is therefore constrained to present his case to 
your honorable body, not doubting but that he will meet with 
that justice and favor which those who have faithfully served their 
country are entitled to ; and in proof of the facts which he has 
herein set forth, he is ready to produce the most substantial 
vouchers. 

JOHN BUCHANAN, 

Honorable Congress of the United States. 

NEW YOBS, August 22, 1785. 

SIR : On examination of the claims of Lieutenant Pepin for the 
five years 7 full pay in lieu of half-pay for life, I find that he held a 
regular military commission in Colonel James Livingston s regi 
ment; that he was returned with sundry other officers on the 23d 
June, 1779, in the musters of the regiment, as a supernumerary, 
and furloughed under that idea for twelve months, which furlough, 
by a certificate of General Gates and Colonel Livingston, appears 
to have taken effect ; that his pay as a supernumerary officer was 
drawn as far as the rolls can be procured, which is up to January 
1, 1780 ; that in the year 1780 he received a pass from one of the 
Aides of the Commander-in-chief as a late Lieutenant of Living 
ston s regiment ; that he did duty in Malcolm s regiment in Octo 
ber, 1780, and was seen with the infantry in 1780; that he has 
settled his accounts of depreciation at the Treasury up to July 31, 
1780. On which evidence, I am of opinion his military commission 
in the army of the United States was totally extinct on his becom 
ing supernumerary ; that he has received in his settlement, and the 
money he has drawn in his regiment, more than to the amount of 
the year s pay promised to supernumeraries at that time ; and that 
therefore, as there was then no other promise, he can have no claim, 
as a late officer of Colonel Livingston s regiment, to any further al 
lowance to half-pay or commutation. 

The certificates that he produces, that he did duty afterwards in 
other corps, cannot, in my opinion, be construed as conferring an 
other appointment on him as an officer, such appointment being 
derived immediately from Congress. They prove, indeed, that he 



104: CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

served as a volunteer, and may entitle him to any allowances given 
to such characters ; but as the grant of commutation is founded 
entirely on actual appointments, it is necessary that he prove such 
appointment was given to him again after leaving his late regiment. 

This opinion considers his right only as an officer, but should 
those of a Canadian be distinct from the rest of the army, it may 
not be properly founded. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 

President of Congress, 



YORE, August 29, 1785. 

g m : The commissioner for settling the army accounts, to whom 
was referred the petition of John Buchanan, lately employed in the 
Quartermaster s department, begs leave to report That his prayer 
for depreciation cannot at present be granted, Congress having in 
no instance given it to officers in that department ; that his claim 
for pay and rations from August 21, 1778, to August 4, 1780, ap 
pears properly to come under the consideration of the commissioner 
appointed for settling the accounts of the Quartermaster s depart 
ment, who is already invested with sufficient authority to finally 
liquidate the same ; that his claim for a proper allowance for his 
maintenance, in consequence of a wound received in battle, arises 
from simple testimony, produced by him, that he received this 
wound in his right arm and shoulder in meritorious service, wherein 
he, with eighteen boatmen under his command, killed and took 
prisoners a party of twenty-five British new levies ; and that this 
wound has almost totally deprived him of the use of that right arm. 
Your commissioner therefore submits that he be considered as com 
prehended within the benefits of the ordinance of Congress of June 
7, 1785, providing for those that have been disabled in the service, 
in the same manner as if he had been a Captain in the line. 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 

President of Congress. 

BALTIMOKE, Sept. 20, 1785. 
SIR : I was from home when your letter of the 14th July was 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 105 

left at my office. It is not in my power to give you any satisfac 
tory account of the money received by the Baron De Kalb in the 
year 1780. Captain Marbury of the Maryland line acted at that 
time as Quartermaster to the Maryland division of the army, and 
probably received some part of it ; but I think it improbable that 
the regimental clothiers, forage-masters, or commissaries had much 
of it in their hands ; they were constantly with the troops, and we 
seldom encamped where there was any thing to purchase. In my 
opinion, the Baron expended the principal part of the money, or 
left it in Philadelphia, for clothes and other articles to be forwarded. 
I am your obedient servant, 

O. H. WILLIAMS. 
JOHN PIEKCE, Esq., New York. 

CHARLESTON, S. C., Sept. 15, 1785. 

SIR : I have to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 
14th July, and am sorry I cannot furnish you with the information 
you wish, having none of the orderly books or papers relating to 
that campaign by me. I do not recollect the names of the staff 
officers you suppose the money might have been advanced to, but 
believe Captain Joseph Marbury was the Deputy Quartermaster 
and Captain Roxburg the Commissary, both of the Maryland line. 

General Smallwood is now in Maryland, to whom I would recom 
mend you to apply for information, and make no doubt he can ac 
quaint you fully on the subject. 

I have the honor to be, with respect, your obedient servant, 

MORDECAI GIST. 
JOHN PIERCE Esq., New York. 

DECEMBER 15, 1785. 

SIR : Some time last summer I inclosed a furlough given to me 
by Colonel Baylor, wherein he mentions I had one from General 
Greene, which I know he kept when he granted mine. Be pleased 
to be so very good as to say what can be done. Colonel Charles 
Magill will bring whatever you may honor him with. 
I am, sir, yours, 

ALBION THROCKMORTON, 
ANDREW DUNSCOMB, Esq., Richmond, Va. 

5* 



106 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

STRATFORD, April 18, 1786. 

g m : I received yours of the 8th inst. Agreeably to your re 
quest, as also that of General Lamb s, I have forwarded to Mr. Bull 
a return of the men in my company who received the State bounty 
of 10, with my attestation thereon; likewise I have inclosed a 
similar return to you with General Lamb s account on the back 
that is, a copy, being taken from his account stated with me and 
balanced, as will appear. This contains the whole of the bounty 
received from State or Continent. I have all the men s receipts 
to show for the receipt of the same, except John Fite s, who, I am 
pretty positive, received said bounty of 10 of Lieutenant Hughes, 
but I do not find his receipt : said Hughes had the note of me for 
that purpose. That makes the twenty-five recruits which I paid 
said bounty to, agreeably to which General Lamb credited me at 
the time, as you will see. Also you will perceive I paid, or deliv 
ered to Captain Andrew Moody, four of said notes, for which he 
has credited me in his accounts. This, sir, comprehends the whole. 
I am inclined to believe that Captain Mott, as well as Moody, has a 
number of these notes. 

I am, dear sir, with respects to your family, your obedient servant, 
ROBT. WALKER, late Captain of Artillery. 

Col. ELEAZER OSWALD, New York. 

SALEM, July 21, 1786. 

SIR : Inclosed you will receive my account with the United 
States, and I must request your kind attention to it. By reason of 
sickness, I have delayed my account to this time, but hope you 
will be able to settle it ; and if any vouchers are necessary, please to 
inform me. But I must inform you that as I lost my baggage on 
the retreat from Ticonderoga, my receipts were all lost. I have 
the original minutes, which I then kept in my journal agreeable to 
each receipt. Having the journal in my pocket at that time, I 
preserved it. I have inclosed Paymaster Ebenezer Storer s certifi 
cate. Please to bear in mind that by the act of Congress interest 
is to be allowed from April, 1779. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

SAMUEL CARLTON, Lieut. Col. 

JOHN PIERCE, Esq., P. M. Gen., New York. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 107 

RICHMOND, July 23, 1786. 

SIR : Understanding that your office closes on Saturday, and 
finding that my claim as Aid-de-Camp to General Lee cannot be 
liquidated here, I have ventured to solicit the favor of you to ex 
amine into its merits, and forward the result as speedily as possible. 

I was appointed as Aid to General Lee in May, 1778, and 
continued until his suspension. I was at that time a Captain in 
the 15th Virginia regiment. 

My father, John Turberville, has a claim for a wagon, team, and 
negro, which were impressed in 1778, and never returned to him. 
If this will serve to stay his claim, I will forward on the exhibits 
to prove the impressment, &c., which, if they were not at a dis 
tance, should be forwarded by this post. 

I have the honor to be, with much esteem, your obedient servant, 

GEORGE L. TURBERVILLE. 
JOHN PIERCE, Esq., P. M. Gen., New York. 

JULY 31, 1786. 

SIR: In consequence of orders received from the Board of 
Treasury, I settled Major OttendorfFs account, August 8, 1777, 
and paid him a balance of 516|^- dollars. After the account was 
settled, I received a charge against him of 200 dollars advanced 
him by Mease & Caldwell, which the Major promised to account 
for when the receipt was produced. I applied to Mease & Cald 
well for the same, who told me these receipts were lodged with the 
Treasury Board, and the matter still remains unsettled for that 
sum only. 

The Major says he has pay due him which will more than an 
swer for that sum. You will please therefore to examine into the 
same, and if you think proper, settle with him accordingly. 

I am yours, 

WILLIAM PALFREY. 
Major CLARK. 

SAVANNAH, . 

SIR : I am inclined to think you will find it extremely difficult, 
if not impossible, to settle the accounts of the Georgia line of the 



108 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

late army, so as to do equal justice to the individuals aud the United 
States, by the mode you have hitherto adopted, unless you take up 
the whole of their accounts from the beginning of their respective 
services, with those parts of the Quartermaster s and Commissary s 
departments, as each of them were entitled to, as they have already 
made them out themselves, and settled them in that manner with 
the Auditor of the State : for which I offer the following reasons, 
which I presume must justify you in any deviation you are obliged 
to make from your general instructions, and as you will find cannot 
suit this State. 

First, Because, by the distance of this State from Congress the 
little attention paid to it for some time, the neglect of men in office, 
and the uncertainty of conveyance, the several resolves and recom 
mendations of Congress did not reach it to be put into execution in 
due time, prior to the 29th of December, 1778, when the State, 
and nearly the whole line of it, fell into the hands of the British, 
and were chiefly lost ever after. 

Second, Because, that after the capture of Savannah, and while 
the State of Georgia continued in the hands of the enemy, there 
was no regular government existing in the State, and therefore im 
possible they could take up any directions or recommendations 
from Congress respecting regulations, recruiting, supplies, deprecia 
tion of pay, &c., for their line of the late army as other States have 
done, until July, 1782, when the British evacuated Savannah ; and 
every officer, during that unfortunate period, who had been at large, 
or were released from imprisonment, being driven from their coun 
try and property, took an active part in the other States, as they 
respectively found an opportunity : and they look to Congress alone 
to make good their engagements, as the State they belonged to was 
rendered incapable. 

And lastly, Because, by an act of the Legislature of Georgia, 
passed at Augusta, 29th July, 1783, the first time they had leisure 
and opportunity to take up the business, all accounts of officers and" 
soldiers of the Georgia line of the State, which were certified by any 
person authorized by Congress, or other authority under them, that 
such accounts as would be passed to the credit of the State with 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 109 

the United States, should be taken as cash in payment of all pub 
lic sales, with an allowance of 12^ per cent, in such payments, pro 
vided they were tendered within twelve months after the date of 
the act ; and was with some difficulty prolonged twelve months 
more the last session therefore the individuals must be capital 
losers, without any benefit to the United States, unless their ac 
counts are taken up immediately, and altogether prior to the first 
of August, 1780, when Congress took upon themselves to make up 
all deficiencies, as well as since that period and as the State of 
Georgia was singularly unfortunate, though not for want of exer 
tions, and rendered incapable of doing it before. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

LACHLIN MC!NTOSH, 

Late Brig. Gen. Commanding the Georgia Line. 
JOHN PIERCE, Esq., P. M. Gen., i 
at Mrs. Minis s, Savannah. J 

NEW YORK, Jan. 8, 1787. 

SIR : I have delayed the gentleman who handed me your letter 
of the 30th ult. until this day, in order that I might myself survey 
the whole muster-rolls of your regiment, and obtain a thorough in 
formation of all the circumstances that attend the recruiting of it ; 
and have now, from a consideration of these and the statement con 
tained in your letter, formed an opinion that I shall not be justi 
fied, on the evidence before me, in making an allowance for your 
advances to your officers beyond what you have received from the 
public, if even they can be admitted to that amount. 

I hope, sir, that your knowledge of my character will lead you to 
believe, that in the decision I am influenced by no other principles 
but what I conceive to be my duty, and that there appears to me 
an absolute necessity, before your claim can be admitted^ that you 
obtain the approbation of Congress. 

I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Col. ISRAEL SHREEVE. 

RICHMOND, VA., May 18, 1787. 
SIR : There was a large sum of Maryland paper money, which 



110 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

was issued under the act of Congress of March or April, 1780, left 
by an accident, in the year 1*781, in the hands of a Mr. William S. 
Alexander, who acted as Quartermaster at Hillsboro in North 
Carolina; after which, I am informed that it came into the hands 
of a Mr. Thomas Commander Russell, lately residing at Charleston. 
This latter man has been attempted to be found, but cannot. 
His wife says that he has gone a long way off but where, she can 
not tell. I am therefore of opinion he may be in Maryland, to dis 
pose of the money. I give you this information, therefore, that 
you may be watchful, that in case any person should be known to 
be disposing of such money, you may inform me in this city, and 
also the Board of Treasury, as soon as possible, or take any other 
steps you may think advisable. 

I am your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
THOMAS HARWOOD, Esq., ) 
Maryland Loan Office. J 

RICHMOND, VA., May 18, 1787. 

SIR : I have but now received your letter of April 15th, and am 
much surprised at the intelligence it contains. 

I wish you to find if this Russell has not come this way, or into 
this State. From some circumstances I am led to suppose that he, 
or some agent for him, is now selling this money. If you can 
trace him out, and give me any information about him, you will 
oblige me by communicating the same at this place, where I shall 
remain until about the first of August. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
JOHN NEUFVILLE, Esq. 

RICHMOND, May 18, 1787. 

SIR : Your letter of the 7th inst,, with its inclosures, has ar 
rived. 

I am so much engaged in the State s business, that I have not 
attended to Dr. Bond s claim sufficiently to form an opinion on it. 
I am doing some other business for him with this State, and will 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. Ill 

write to him on both, when I have accomplished this. I rather 
think his pay ought to be extended to January, 1785. 

I do not well recollect what opinion I had formed respecting 
General Putnam s demands ; but this I remember, that it appeared 
to me that he must be charged with the 3,000 dollars he gave his 
note for to Mr. Bedlow, or for so much of it as is unaccounted for. 
It did not appear to me clearly that he was entitled to his rations, be 
cause he did no actual duty, and his pay and commutation appeared 
as sufficient compensation to him. Pay, I considered as equivalent 
to services, and rations, to expenses in that service, which he would 
not be at while at home. It occurs to me, however, that the idea 
struck me that his confinement by sickness might make a differ 
ence, though I believe it did not in his case. You must take the 
opinion of the Treasury or Comptroller, and do as you think proper, 
remembering, in case the allowance is made, there must be clear 
proof that he drew no rations during the time. 

I conclude that the duplicates to General Huntington s papers 
are as good as originals. His case, I suppose, must be referred to 
Congress. 

I wish you to lay the copy of Mr. Neufville s letter before the 
Board of Treasury, and request information from the Board if they 
have heard from Alexander, and where he is. In the mean time, 
as I am now but a little more than a hundred miles from the place 
where he acted as Quartermaster, I shall endeavor to find him 
out. 

I want from you copies of his receipt to the express, and of Mr. 
Clay s attested account-current with him. You will find them in 
my letter to Mr. Neufville or to the Board of Treasury, when I first 
informed them of this money. It is uncertain when my business 
here will be closed. My compliments to Mrs. Howell. 

Since writing the above, I imagine I have got a clue to find out 
where the man is who has, or has had, the public money in his hands 
which was lodged with Alexander. I wish you therefore to advise 
with the Board, and obtain such legal authority as will enable me 
to prosecute Alexander, in case I find it necessary. His originaJ re 
ceipt is in Mr. Nourse s office, among my vouchers. Clay s attested 



112 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

account is among his papers, in Mr. Nourse s office. Your imme 
diate attention to this may be of importance. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
JOSEPH HOWELL, Esq. 

RICHMOND, May 21, 1787. 

SIR : I take the liberty to request you to inform me if a Wil 
liam S. Alexander, or a Thomas Commander Russell, can be found 
in your State, and where ? 

My reasons for troubling you on this occasion are, that I have 
good evidence that a large sum of the public money is in one or 
both their hands, and that they are appropriating it to their private 
purposes, and that in case they are found, it is essential that they 
are not alarmed by any notice of my pursuit of them. 

As Mr. Alexander may be known at Hillsboro , you will oblige 
the public very essentially, if you have a correspondent there, by 
writing to him for this information, which I wish to have commu 
nicated to me, in this city, as soon as possible. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Gen. ALLEN JONES. 

NEW YORK, Sept. 13, 1787. 

GENTLEMEN : In the letter which I did myself the honor to write 
to the Board, on the 3d inst., I informed the Board that Mr. Clay 
knew that the money which I there referred to was lodged in Alex 
ander s hands for him, and that therefore it was his neglect that he 
did not secure it for the use of the public ; but having since exam 
ined more minutely into Mr. Clay s letters and returns, I find that 
he has not only received this money from Alexander, but acknowl 
edges, in express terms, that he considers himself accountable for it. 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERCE. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

RICHMOND, Feb. 18, 1788. 
SIR : Extreme hurry of business has prevented my sending you 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



113 



the return desired until now it must also plead for the manner in 
which it is drawn, as I had not time to give a more official look to 
the writing. 

I am, with much regard, your obedient servant, 

ANDREW DUNSCOMB. 
JOSEPH HOWELL, Esq. 

Return of men belonging to and considered as part of the quota of the State 
of Virginia in Hazerfs, Lee s, Armand s, and Invalid corps. Those en 
titled to land are marked *. 

HAZEN S CORPS. 



*John Taylor, Major. 
*Tarleton Woodson, Major. 
*Richard Edmonston, Sergeant. 
*William Easton, " 

*John Walden, Corporal. 
^Cornelius Bearly, " 
*James McGeorge, Private. 
*Ralph Moore, 



*John Percival, Corporal. 
*Edward Brooks, Private. 
*William O Neil, 
*Michael Hailstock, Drummer. 
*Michael McGomery, Lieutenant. 
*Reuben Taylor, Captain. 
*James Campbell, Private. 
*Charles Galloway, " 



LEE S LEGION. 



*Mark Kenton, Sergeant. 
*Thomas Hogan, " 

William Strother, 
*John Alexander, " 

Charles Moorehead, " 
*Julius Hite, Corporal. 

Richard Marshall, " 

John Hopper, 

James ^0hite, " 

*Richard Johnson, " 

* Joseph Braun, " 
Richard Hall, " 

*Andrew Coon, Trumpeter. 
William Haynes, Private. 
*Ephraim Andrew, " 
*William Burke, 

* James Bland, " 
*John Barber, " 
*Robert Furgeson, " 



John Fennell, 

John Purcell, 
*James Swart, 

Joseph Tankersley, 
*Benjamin Tyler, 

John Walden, 
*John Brannan, 

William Groves, 

Charles Owens, 
*William Halbert, 

Joseph Owens, 

Samuel Thompson, 
*Thomas Almond, 
*John Green. 

William Rogers, 
^Andrew Brann, 

George Foster, 
*William Binns, 

William Huff, 



Privata 



114 



CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 



*William Hailey, Private. 

*Thomas Thornhill, " 

*William Lewis, " 

Randolph McDaniel, " 

William Loden, " 

*William Bransford, " 

*Williara Bigbee, " 

William Dennis, u 

*Daniel Gray, " 

John Fleace, " 

^Brothers Thompson, " 

*John Brett, " 

*John Wiggonton, " 

*Silas Johnson, " 

*John Gardiner, " 

*Samuel Avery, " 

*William Garner, " 

Berry Shields, " 

David Partello, " 

Robert Meydon, " 

Robert Fishkin, " 

*Green Robinson, " 

Andrew Tosh, " 

*Robert Welch, " 

Daniel Campbell, " 

Thomas Chapman, " 

Richard Cooper, " 

*Thomas Fisher, 

Redman Cruze, " 

Thomas Whitlock, " 

James Selcock, " 

James Hutchinson, " 

Jacob Lynn, " 

*Wheedon Smith, 

David Hambrich, " 

*John Morris, " 

Richard Riely, 

Thomas Jones, " 



* William Hunt, Private. 
^Godfrey Smith, " 

James Wood, " 

Tandy Holman, " 

Francis Ramsay, " 

John Richmond, " 

Benjamin Jackson, " 

Isaac Fan chaw, " 

James Thompson, " 
*Charles Bryan, " 

William Carpenter, " 

Daniel Hailey, 

Darien Henderson, Qr. Mr s Ser 
geant. 

John Champe, Sergeant. 

Robert Paver, " 

John Mitchell, " 

Wm. B. Harrison, " 
*John Briggs, Private. 

John Wheeler, " 

James Wheeler, " 

Benjamin Strother, " 
*William Buckley, " 

George Newman, " 

John Sorrell, 

Joseph Davidson, " 

Peter Crawford, u 

Henry Aires, " 

John Myers, " 

John Zachary, " 

Thomas Hattaway, " 
*Ranson Bridges, * 

Elijah Walbrow, " 

Isaac Mooney, " 

John Johnson, 

Minor Smith, " 

Conrad Patterson, " 

Joseph Asberry, 



ARM AND S CORPS. 

*William Bawcut, Sergeant. I *Jacob Hiliff, Sergeant 
*John Nunelay, " *Detrich Geisekus, " 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



115 



* Jesse Farmer, Corporal. 
Lewis Dupont, " 
*Frederick Wattsbach, " 
John Lloyd, Farrier. 
*Robert Teate, " 
*Gothiel Glass, Trumpeter. 
*James Jenkins, Wagoner. 
John Rock, Private. 
Samuel Young, " 

* William Abnor, 
*Thomas Davis, " 
*John Collins, " 
Thomas Somerset, " 
William Thomson, " 
Solomon Alexander, " 
John Smith, " 
*Richard Piles, " 
Peter Walker, " 
Godrell Lively, 
*Henry Brider, " 

* William Spencer, " 
* Jacob Lawrence, " 
Nathan Glasby, 
Robert Strahan, " 
Joseph Gray, " 
Samuel Wells, 
*William Bennett, " 
*John Thompson, " 
John Smith, " 
*John Steele, 
*James Busby, " 
William Davis, " 
*Bo\vlin Coats, 
*Nathan Farmer, " 
*Henry Howard, " 

* James Ramsay, " 

* James Nash, " 
*Thomas Collins, " 
*John Watts, " 
*John Buzby, " 
*George Walker, " 
*Joseph Harton, " 



*Presley Anderweek, Private. 

*John Baumaster, " 
*George Mayor, 

*Jones Jordon, " 

*James Ramsay, " 

*John Bryan, " 
*Lewis Langene, 
*Andrew Le Burn, 

*Matthew Duchene, " 
*Lewis Bellbose, 

*John Le Barre, " 

*John Connor, jun., " 
*John Mills, 

*John O Briant, " 
*William Carr, 

*Clement Green, " 

*Thomas Dove, " 

*Henry Jacobs, " 

*Edward Newton, " 

*John Elliott, " 

Benjamin Toltman, " 

John Calligan, " 

*Peter Jackson, " 
John Burdoin, 

Mark Woods, " 

*Richard Chapman, " 
James Paul, 
James Key, 

Michael La Rochelle, " 
John Ville, 

* Arnold La Rekausance, " 
*John Conner, sen., 

Charles Brussell, " 

John Mowit, " 
*James Adams, 

George Doughty, " 

Michael Hardoffer, " 

William Davis, " 

Barney Connor, " 
William Marshall, 

*James McClean, 

John Smith, 



116 



CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 



*Stephen Gendell, Private. 

*John Goodwin, " 

* Anthony La Rue, " 

*Joseph De Court, " 

*Peter Sans Quartier, " 
*John F. Slicker, 

*William Dowlins, " 
*Charles Milling, 



*Duncan Young, Private. 
* Christi an Shrawder, " 
*John Nalton, 
*John Wright, 
*Michael La Motte, 
Nicholas Coquette, " 
*Francis Fleury, " 

*John Waters, " 



GIBBS 7 GUARDS. 



John Jones, Sergeant. 
William Roach, " 
William Jones, Private, 
William Harris, " 
John Edge, " 

Joseph Parker, 
Shedrack Painstone, " 
William Coram, 
Frederick Young, Sergeant 
Henry Randolph, Corporal 
John Bell, Private. 

Robert Wadsworth, " 
Thomas Allen, " 

William Palmer, " 
John King, 

James Timberlake, " 
James Johnson, " 

Pendleton Isbell, 
John Bodine, " 



John Sterne, Private. 

Abram Vansickle, " 

Spencer Hill, " 

Henry Pullen, " 

Raleigh Christian, " 

John Smith, " 

Reaps Mitchell, " 

William O Neale, " 

Williamson Place, " 

John Dawes, " 

Wilhnore Cooper, " 

Andrew Harrison, " 

William Mclntire, " 

Thomas Howl, " 

Lewis Flemiston, " 

Henry Perry, " 

John Stockdell, " 

Miles Brown, " 



INVALID CORPS. 



*Miles Cardiff, Corporal 
*John Massey, " 
*Wm. Bedwerth, " 
*Abram Levi, Private. 
^Abraham Nettles, " 
*Archibald Rowan, " 
*William Woodford, " 
* Joseph West, 

*Charles Lenox, " 

*Luke Brady, " 

*Michael Drake, " 



*John Corbett, Private. 

*Barnhard McGaw, " 

*Lewis Holmes, " 

*Smith Steven, " 

*Alex. Dukey, 

*Edward Harriss, " 

*John Martin, " 

*Thomas Brown, " 

*James Shaw, " 

*Dennis Diskill, " 

*John Meurdugh, " 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 117 



*Andrew McGuire, Private. 

*Edward Johnson, " 
*Robert Beakham, 

* James Wright, " 
*Patrick McCline, " 
*James Wheaton, " 

* James Gordon, " 
*William Posey, " 
*Joel Harlow, 

*Peter CoUings, 



*James Rodley, Private. 

*James Anderson, " 

* William Morgan, " 
*Samuel Hodgin, " 
*Robert Clark, 
^Cornelius McGomery, u 

* Joseph Robnett, " 
*John Wilson, 
*Henry Lawson, " 
*John Smith, 



Those not marked are three years men. 

JANUARY 8, 1790. 

SIR : I have carefully examined the accounts of General Moses 
Hazen against the United States, as stated and reported by the late 
Mr. Pierce, and find in that statement every allowance which the 
acts of Congress and the rules of the department will admit, and I 
might add, all that equity and good conscience require. 

The first material objection, I understand, made by General Ha 
zen to the transit of his account in its present form, is the reduc 
tion of a balance, unaccounted for in the old emissions of Continen 
tal currency, at the rate of 20 for 1, the exchange in June, 1779, 
instead of a depreciation of 40 for 1, in January, 1780. 

The inclosed paper, No. 1, is an arrangement of the sums re 
ceived by General Hazen in old emissions, and their subsequent ap 
propriations, and shows that the adoption of the scale in June, 1779, 
is going as far in favor of the claimant as justice to the United 
States will admit, and proves that considerable sums remained in 
his possession at the time of his demands for further supplies. 

The next objection of consequence to the statement, is the liqui 
dation of a payment made by him into the hands of the Deputy 
Paymaster-general in the year 1780, insisting that it should be op 
posed to the charges for old emissions received. If, sir, this had 
been a payment of money, and it would appear even possible that 
it was a proportion of the sums received from the treasury of the 
United States, then justice might give her sanction to the demand ; 
but the inclosed paper, No. 2, will show that no part of it was 



118 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

money, but, on the contrary, was warrants drawn by the Command 
er-in-chief in favor of sundry officers for extra service in 1780, 
and those warrants dated nearly at the same time in which they 
were received by the Deputy Paymaster-general. 

General Hazen also insists on the propriety of opposing to the 
sums in old emissions charged him, the amount of a certificate 
granted by Clement Biddle, Esq., in 1780, for forage due him. 
Upon this I may add, sir, that Mr. Pierce s liquidation of it is in 
exact conformity with the rules and forms established in all the 
offices of the United States. Warrants drawn by the Commander- 
in-chief are reduced to specie by the scale of depreciation at the 
date of the warrant. Quartermasters and Commissaries certificates 
are liquidated upon the same principles, without inquiry into the 
time of furnishing the articles, or performing the service for which 
these certificates issued. It will remain for the Comptroller of the 
Treasury to say whether General Hazen s particular service to his 
country will authorize a departure from rules of office so long es 
tablished, and which have received the approbation of so great a 
variety of officers. 

The account in which there is the greatest difference between 
General Hazen s expectancy and Mr. Pierce s admissions, is for re 
cruiting, he charging and insisting upon an allowance for 341 men, 
said to be recruited in 1781 and 1782, at 20 dollars for each. 

Upon the most exact and critical examination of the muster-rolls, 
only 186 of them appear mustered in those years. 

If, sir, the practice of the army had been that an officer produ 
cing a man, and having him mustered, was sufficient to entitle the 
officer to the bounty of twenty dollars and the premium for enlist 
ing him, then the same rule must consequently be applied to this 
claim ; but I believe, sir, that very different was the practice. 

The officer was required to produce the enlistments with the re 
ceipt of the recruit for his full bounty. In case of the accidental 
loss of these enlistments and receipts, recurrence was had to the 
muster-rolls, which, with the officer s deposition to the truth of the 
several charges, were considered as sufficient to the passage of his 
account. I am not sure that General Hazen has declared his having 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 119 

paid the bounty charged in his account ; but if he does, the papers 
contain such a weight of evidence to the contrary, as must, in the 
opinion of every impartial and disinterested person, entirely invali 
date his testimony. 

The method adopted by Mr. Pierce in ascertaining the bounty 
paid by General Hazen is shown in the papers. He had in posses 
sion five accounts of General Hazen s officers, exhibiting the actual 
disbursements in recruiting 129 men. These amounted to nine 
hundred and fourteen dollars, averaging little more than seven dol 
lars for each recruit, and would produce thirteen hundred and 
eighteen dollars for 186 men, calculating at the same rate. Al 
though this cannot be positive for more than 129 men, yet the tes 
timony of the officers affords the strongest presumptive evidence that 
no greater than a proportionate sum was paid for the remainder. 

There appears a charge against General Hazen of 26,692fg dol 
lars, old emissions : included in the account of Mr. Chinn, Paymas 
ter to the regiment, a receipt of General Hazen s appears for 15,269 
dollars, dated in October, 1779. A part of the above sum, and the 
other payments, are stated by Mr. Chinn to have been made in 
1778. These, I am of opinion, remain to be debited to General 
Hazen, as they do not appear to have been introduced into the ac 
count-current stated by Mr. Pierce. 

It appears from the proceedings of Congress of 26th April, 1785, 
that the accounts of General Hazen were referred, for final adjust 
ment, to the Board of Treasury. Although they did not formally 
report their decision upon the charges, yet I believe, upon inquiry, 
it will be found there was an entire coincidence of opinion between 
that honorable Board and Mr. Pierce. 

The foregoing is a reference to papers and evidence, I suppose, 
most essential to the Comptroller in his examination of the account. 

JOHN WRIGHT. 
To the Comptroller. 

BOSTON, May 9, 1791. 

SIR: Your favor of the 18th of April, inclosing objections to 
some officers and soldiers charged by the State, as appears by the 
Commissioners of army accounts to be paid to men who were omit- 



120 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

ted at a certain time in the returns, or were never mustered, has 
been received. 

To the settlement with the Massachusetts line of the Continental 
army, I have been one of the Committee from the beginning, and 
can assert from my knowledge that the Committee were very care 
ful and attentive that no officer or soldier should be considered in 
the line of depreciation for the first three years, or for their pay in 
1780, but those that, by the returns from the Colonels or Com 
manders of regiments to the Committee, stood fair to be considered 
in respect of pay ; that no officer that was not by the return hon 
orably discharged, or no soldier that was returned deserted, should 
ever be considered in the line of depreciation, or the same charged 
to the United States as receiving pay : and if any mistake took 
place in this respect, it did arise from the officer s returns, for the 
returns of the officers were the foundation on which the Commit 
tee proceeded in making the settlement with officers or soldiers. 
You must note that the Committee, in settling with the army for 
the first three years, presumed that all officers and soldiers received 
from the United States the nominal sum of their wages in camp, 
and accordingly charged them with the real value, and this was 
deducted from the whole amount of their wages whatever the bal 
ance was after this deduction, was charged the United States. 

In the settlement for the year 1780, the General Court ordered 
the Committee to credit the officers and soldiers with the depre 
ciation for their not receiving this nominal sum in camp in season, 
and as it became due with interest thereon, which, for a private 
soldier that served the whole of the first three years, amounted to 
6 1 3, which sum he had credit for in the settlement for 1780, 
in addition to his pay for service in 1780, which was also charged 
the United States, with his pay for the time of service. 

I shall now proceed to give you the information respecting those 
officers and soldiers which you mention to me were objected to. 

The First, or Vase s Regiment. 

Jonathan Norton, private, returned in Capt. Hancock s Co. as serv 
ing the whole three years. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 121 

Henry Rasnor, private, returned in Capt. Hancock s Co. as inva 
lided, but made up in the regiment. 

Pierce Moran, private, returned in Capt. Hunt s Co. as invalided, 
but made up in the regiment. 

Peter Lahare, private, returned in Capt Hunt s Co. as serving from 
May 17, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779. 

Arthur Day, private, returned in Capt. Hunt s Co. invalided, but 
made up in the regiment. 

Daniel Preble, private, returned in Major Coggswell s Co. as died 
July 15, 1779. 

Daniel Bradley, private, returned in Capt. Cushing s Co. as died 
Nov. 11, 1777. 

Daniel Vicory, private, returned in the Lieut. Colonel s Co. as serv 
ing the whole time. 

Daniel Dyer, private, returned in the Lieut. Colonel s Co. as serv 
ing the whole three years. 

Asa Hatch, private, returned in the Lieut. Colonel s Co. as deserted 
July 4, 1779, returned to his duty in 1780, per Col. Vose s cer 
tificate. 

James Wesson, private, returned in Major Coggswell s Co. as de 
serted, but returned to his duty, and enlisted for during the 
war. 

The Second Regiment. 

Josiah Blood, Corporal, returned in the Colonel s Co., discharged 

Feb. 1, 1779. 

William Waterman, private, returned in 3d Co. as died Feb. 15, 1777. 
Enoch Stocker, private, returned in 3d Co. as invalided. 
Abner Hall, private, returned as serving the whole time. 
Benoni Barrell, private, returned in 4th Co. as discharged May 12, 

1778. 

The Third Regiment. 

Ebenezer Priest, private, returned in Capt. Summer s Co. as on com 
mand with Qr. Mr. Gen. at Boston. 

Justin Day, private, returned in Capt. Flower s Co. as serving the 
whole time from April 18, 1778. 



122 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Abel Hancock, private, returned in Capt. Cotton s Co. as invalided. 
Josiah Lyon, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Foster s Co. as invalided. 
Stephen Whiting, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Foster s Co. as killed 
July 22, 1777. 

The Fourth Regiment. 

Ebenezer Brewster Gould, Lieutenant, returned by Col. Shepard as 

Ist-Lieut. in his regiment, Jan. 1, 1777, to April 12, 1778. 
Nathaniel Gale, private, returned in Capt. Learnard s Co. as serving 

from Jan. 1, 1777, to Jan. 1, 1778. 
Gershom Whiting, private, returned in Capt. Field s Co. as died 

Nov. 20, 1777. 
Jacob Renard, private, returned in Capt. Field s Co. discharged after 

serving 26 days. 
John Herrick, private, returned in Capt. Moore s Co. as serving the 

whole time. 

Moses Town, private, returned in Capt. Moore s Co. as invalided. 
Charles Flacaty, private, returned as taken prisoner June 20, 1777. 
John Bowers, private, returned in Capt. Field s Co. as died July 1, 

1777: his allowance for delay of payment makes the difference. 

The Fifth Regiment. 

Benjamin Jacobs, private, returned in Capt. Gardner s Co. as dis 
charged Oct. 24, 1777. 
Butler Everett, private, returned in Capt. Mose s Co. as discharged 

Oct. 15, 1777. 
Daniel Gilson, private, returned in Capt. Mose s Co. as discharged 

Oct. 24, 1777. 
Josiah Mills, private, returned in Capt. Mose s Co. as discharged 

Oct. 24, 1777. 
John Conn, private, returned in the Colonel s Co. as transferred to 

Col. Smith s regiment May 15, 1777. 
James Gray, private, returned in the Colonel s Co. as invalided, but 

made up in the regiment. 
Samuel Winship, private, returned in the Colonel s Co. as discharged 

Aug. 1, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 123 

Barney Ryan, private, returned in the Colonel s Co. from March 30, 
1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 

Thomas Whaling, private, returned in Capt. Benson s Co. as dis 
charged Sept. 5, 1777. 

Nathaniel Pease, private, exchanged for John Webb, August 28, 
1777, in Capt. Whipple s Co. 

The Sixth Regiment. 

Eliakim Danforth, Ensign, returned in the 6th regiment as resigned 

March 1, 1779. 
Ebenezer Crane, private, returned in Capt. Speeds Co. as discharged 

Jan. 11, 1778. 
Edmund Britt, private, returned in Capt. Holden s Co. as serving 

the whole time from Jan. 1, 1777, to Jan. 1, 1780. 
John Dean, private, returned in Capt. Holden s Co. as died July 

18, 1777. 

Daniel Deland, private, returned in Capt. Holden s Co. as invalided. 
Jesse Fowler, private, returned in Capt. Holden s Co. for the whole 

time. 

Jacob Holliday, private, returned in the Colonel s Co. as dis 
charged Sept. 19, 1779. 
Benajah Woodbury, private, returned in the Colonel s Co. as serving 

the whole time to December 31, 1779. 
Nathan Beard, private, returned in 7th Co. as invalided. 
Benjamin Baldwin, do. do. do. do. 

Jonathan Frost, do. do. do. do. 

i; 

The Seventh Regiment. 
John Woodman, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Lane s Co. to Oct. 10, 

1779, and then promoted to an officer. 

John Cole, private, returned in Capt. Lane s Co. for the whole time. 
Charles Hudsom, private, returned in Capt. Lane s Co. as taken 

prisoner Nov. 10, 1778, and charged with 50 8 10 as pay. 
Robert Pasco, private, returned as being in Boston jail May 12, 1777. 
Joseph Appleby, private, returned in Capt. Lane s Co. as serving 

from Feb. 28, 1778, to Dec. 31, 1779. 



124: CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Richard Tilly, private, returned in the 3d Co. as discharged Sept. 

2, 1777. 
Daniel Dana, private, returned in Capt. Day s Co. as taken prisoner 

July 31, 1777. 
Sylvanus Burke, private, returned in Capt. Day s Co. as discharged 

Nov. 11, 1777. 
Luke Day, private, returned in Capt. Day s Co. as discharged Nov. 

11, 1779. 
Jesse Cole, private, returned in Capt. Day s Co. as discharged Nov. 

11, 1779. 

Abiger Richmond, private, returned in Capt. Day s Co. as dis 
charged Sept. 15, 1777. 
Abijah Addition, private, returned in Capt. Reed s Co. as serving to 

December 31, 1779. 
James Parmeter, private, returned in Capt. Reed s Co. as serving to 

December 31, 1779. 

Thomas Ross, private, returned in Capt. Reed s Co. as invalided. 
Edward Dascon, private, returned in Capt. Lane s Co. as serving the 

whole time. 

The Eighth Regiment. 

David Hill, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Burnam s Co. as died Sept. 

2, 1778. 
James Kittle, private, returned in Capt. Burnam s Co. as died Feb. 

15, 1778. 

William Bunton, private, returned in Capt. Burnam s Co. as desert 
ed, after serving 9 months. 
Daniel Whailin, private, returned as a deserter, after 3 months 6 

days service. 
Michael McLaughlin, private, returned as a deserter, after serving 

12 days. 
Peter Ross, private, returned in Captain Burnam s Co. as a deserter, 

after 15 months 18 days service. 
Daniel Gray, private, returned in Capt. Burnam s Co. as died Aug. 

5, 1778. 
Luther Topliff, private, returned in Capt. Burnam s Co. as serving 

the whole time. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 125 

Stephen Varnum, private, returned in Capt. Cleveland s Co. as died 

May 30, 1777. 
James Bailey, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Bancroft s Co. as serving 

the whole time. 
George Lord, private, returned in Capt. Wiley s Co. as died Oct. 8, 

1777. 

The Ninth Regiment. 

Stephen Elbridge, Qr. Mr s. Sergeant, returned in the Major s Co. as 
serving the whole time. 

Joseph Gray, private, returned in Capt. Watson s Co. as serving the 
whole time. 

John Matterson, private, returned in Capt. Watson s Co. as dis 
charged May 1, 1778. 

Samuel Maxfield, private, returned in Capt. Dix s Co. as discharged 
Dec. 24, 1777. 

William Gordon, private, returned in Capt. Blanchard s Co. as in 
valided. 

Seth Sturdivant, private, returned in 2d Co. as serving the whole 
time. 

John Newcomb, private, returned in Capt. Carr s Co. as deserted 
March 1, 1778. 

The Tenth, or Marshall s Regiment. 

Seth Delino, Sergeant, returned in Lieut. Colonel s Co. as taken 

prisoner. 
Henry Blasdell, private, returned in the Colonel s Co. as died May 

7, 1777. 

Edmond Horton, private, returned in the Colonel s Co. as invalided. 
Ebenezer Bowman, private, returned in the 1st Co. as died April 

20, 1777. 

William Condell, private, returned in the 1st Co. for the whole time. 
Peter Franklin, private, returned in the 1st Co. as died April 21, 

1777. 

Abel Moon, private, returned in the 1st Co. as died April 1, 1777. 
Richard Barnard, private, returned in the 2d Co. as invalided. 



126 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

EHsha Munsell, private, returned in 2d Co. as invalided. 

Silas Carter, private, returned in the 3d Co. as discharged June 20, 

1777. 
Levi Carter, private, returned in the 3d Co. as hiring a man to take 

his place Sept. 1, 1779. 

John Conway, private, returned in the 4th Co. as invalided. 
Samuel Payson, private, returned in the 4th Co. as taken prisoner 

July 6, 1777. 
Colburn Barrett, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died Nov. 30, 

1777. 
Esperana Litchfield, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died May 1, 

1778. 
Joseph Vinal, private, returned in the 5th Co. for the whole 

time. 
Nathan Crosby, private, returned in the Major s Co, as died July 6, 

1777. 

The Eleventh, or Col. JBenj. Tupped s Regiment. 

John Skillings, Captain, returned by Col. Tupper for the time he is 

made up. 
Peter Martin, private, returned in Capt. Abbott s Co. as drafted into 

Gen. Washington s Life Guards. 
Sampson Faye, private, returned in Captain Abbott s Co. as serving 

from July 29, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 

William Watkins, private, returned in Capt. Abbott s Co. as serv 
ing from July 29, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 
John Lovejoy, private, returned in Capt. Abbott s Co. as died Oct. 

13, 1778. 
Amos Knowlton, private, returned in Capt. Abbott s Co. as died 

June 30, 1778. 
Daniel Lampson, private, returned in Capt. Porter s Co. for the 

whole time. 
Richard Lee, private, returned in Capt. Porter s Co. as died May 1, 

1777. 
John Smith, private, returned in Capt. W T illiam Greenleaf s Co. for 

the whole time. 



OF THE [REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 127 

Solomon Aubirc, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co. as died 

Oct. 4, 1778. 
Daniel Ceilings, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co. as died 

Dec. 7, 1777. 
Syphax Carey, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co. as died 

Dec. 15, 1777. 
Jacob Lunt, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co. for the whole 

time. 
William Lewis, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co. for the 

whole time. 
Newport Richardson, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co. for 

the whole time. 
John Askins, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co. for the 

whole time, 
John Annis, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co. for the whole 

time. 
John Fielding, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co. for the 

whole time. 
John Hutchinson, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co for the 

whole time. 
Oliver Page, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf s Co. as discharged 

Nov. 15, 1777. 
Nathan Filburt, private, returned in Capt. Page s Co. as died Jan. 

15, 1778. 

Abraham Doyle, private, returned in Capt. Page s Co. as in 
valided. 
William Rea, private, returned in Capt. Page s Co. for the whole 

time. 
Jerome Hutchins, private, returned in Capt. Page s Co. for the time 

he is made up for. 
William McKinney, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Clark s Company 

as promoted to Ensign, April 3, 1777. 
Reuben Clough, private, returned in Capt. Clark s Co. as died Oct. 

1, 1777. 
Jonathan Lumbard, private, returned in Capt. Clark s Co. as taken 

prisoner July 7, 1777. 



128 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Philander Smith, private, returned in Capt. Clark s Co. as died Oct. 
20, 1777. 

James Snow, private, returned in Capt. Francis Co. as discharged 
May 28, 1777. 

Joshua Hatch, private, returned in Capt. Francis Co. as discharged 
Jan. 21, 1778. 

John Whoston, private, returned in Capt. Francis Co. as discharged 
May 20, 1777. 

Tobias Pillsbury, private, returned in Capt. Marbury s Co. as inva 
lided, and discharged Dec. 21, 1779. 

Reuben Libby, private, returned in Capt. Maybury s Co. as inva 
lided. 

Bartholomew Thompson, private, returned in Capt. Maybury s Co. 
as discharged Jan. 19, 1778, by order of Maj. Gen. Heath. 

William Sayer, private, returned in Capt. Maybury s Co. as died 
July 1, 1778. 

John Lombs, private, returned in Capt. Clark s Co. as died July 7, 
1777. 

James Ryon, private, returned in Capt. Maybury s Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Hannaniah Clark, private, returned in Capt. Maybury s Co. as taken 
prisoner, and died March 1, 1779. 

Ebenezer Chase, private, returned in Capt. Maybury s Co. as dis 
charged May 28, 1778. 

John Miller, private, returned in Capt. Maybury s Co. as discharged 
May 28, 1778. 

Thomas Jones, private, returned in Capt. Maybury s Co. as died 
July 7, 1777. 

Benjamin Bailey, private, returned in Capt. White s Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Thomas Foot, returned in Capt. White s Co. as discharged January 
1, 1779. 

Jonathan Osburn, private, returned in Capt. White s Co. as died 
Oct. 15, 1779. 

Timothy Pratt, private, returned in Capt. White s Co. as killed July 
7, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 129 

Richard Poor, private, returned in Capt. White s Co. as taken pris 
oner July 7, 1777. 

John Shannon, private, returned in Capt. White s Co. as killed July 
7, 1777. 

David Thompson, private, returned in Capt. White s Co. as killed 
July 7, 1777. 

William Wilson, private, returned in Capt. White s Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Thomas Wilham, private, returned in Capt. White s Co. as killed 
July 7, 1777. 

John Stone, private, returned in Capt. White s Co. as died May 10, 
1777. 

The Twelfth Regiment. 

Timothy Whiting, Dep. Qr. Mr. General, made up in Sproat s Reg., 
agreeable to his discharge signed by Col. Udny Hay. 

Jonathan Milbury, private, returned in the Colonel s Co. as dis 
charged Nov. 3, 1779. 

Benjamin Beary, private, returned in the Major s Co. as taken pris 
oner July 6, 1777. 

Asa Hutchins, private, returned in Capt. Means Co. as taken pris 
oner July 7, 1777. 

Edward Davis, private, returned in Capt. Means Co. as discharged 
July 1, 1777. 

John Godfrey, private, returned, in Capt. Means Co. as died April 
25, 1779. 

Joseph Keeter, private, returned in Capt. Means Co. as taken pris 
oner Dec. 1, 1777. 

Zacheus Nixon, private, returned in Capt. Means Co. as died May 
18, 1777. 

Job Reamond, private, returned in Capt. Means Co. as died Feb. 
5, 1777. 

Demp Squearis, private, returned in Capt. Means Co. as a prisoner 
Dec. 7, 1778. 

Thomas Bickford, private, returned in Capt. Hitchcock s Co. as in 
valided. 

.6* 



130 CORRESPONDENCE ()K OFFICERS 

Noah Taylor, private, returned in Capt. Hitchcock s Co. for the 
whole time, but sick in the hospital till he died Dec. 1, 1780. 

Abel Whitney, private, returned in Capt. Se well s Co. as discharged 
Aug. 12, 1777. 

Richard Hines, private, returned in Capt. Burbank s Co. as dis 
charged July 15, 1778. 

Thomas Harmon, private, returned in Capt. Burbank s Co. as serv 
ing the whole time. 

Elias Starbird, private, returned in Capt. Burbank s Co. as killed 
July 7, 1777. 

Jacob Smith, private, returned in Capt. Burbank s Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Abraham York, private, returned in Capt. Burbank s Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Peter Pease, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Williams Co. as discharged 
Dec. 1, 1779. 

Simeon Wood worth, private, returned in Capt. Williams Co. as 
died June 10, 1778. 

The Thirteenth Regiment. 
Isaac Burton, Lieutenant, returned by Col. Smith as serving in his 

regiment to Sept. 9, 1777, and then resigned. 
Joshua Chase, Surgeon s Mate, returned by Col. Smith as serving 

from Jan. 1, 1777, to June 23, 1777. 
John Storey, private, returned in the Colonel s Co. as serving the 

whole time. 
John Glass, private, returned in Capt. J. K. Smith s Co. from Oct. 

23, 1778, to Dec. 31, 1779. 

Peter Marshall, private, returned in Capt. J. K. Smith s Co. as dis 
charged Nov. 5, 1778. 
Samuel Vose, private, returned in Capt. Ebenezer Smith s Co. for 

the whole time. 
John Shaysbirck, private, returned in Capt. Ebenezer Smith s Co. 

as exchanged March 15, 1779. 
John Millon, private, returned in Capt. Ebenezer Smith s Co. from 

March 1G, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 131 

Jonathan Hemmenway, private, returned in Capt. Allen s Co. as 

serving the whole time. 
Abiezer Washburn, private, returned in Capt. Allen s Co. as died 

Nov. 17, 1777. 

John Hensell, private, returned in Capt. Woodbridge s Co. as a de 
serter. 
John Kent, private, returned in Capt. Woodbridge s Co. as died 

June 1, 1778. 

William Moon, private, returned in Capt. Woodbridge s Co. as serv 
ing from May 15, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 
Benjamin Ballard, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Page s Co. for the 

whole time. 
William Gould, private, returned in Capt. Page s Co. for the whole 

time. 
Cavenah Haskell, private, returned in Capt. Page s Co. as died May 

20, 1777. 
Jacob Jones, private, returned in Capt. Page s Co. as discharged 

Sept. 1, 1777. 
Joshua Wiltham, private, returned in the Major s Co. as serving the 

whole time. 
Henry Leland, private, returned in the Major s Co. as serving the 

whole time. 
Timothy Nokes, private, returned in the Major s Co. as died June 

18, 1778. 
Fortune Homer, private, returned .in the Major s Co. as died April 

18, 1777. 
Robert Murphy, private, returned in the Major s Co. as left sick at 

Albany, Oct. 1, 1777. 
James Garrish, private, returned in Capt. Smart s Co. as died May 

29, 1777. 
Benjamin Bobbins, private, returned in Capt. Smart s Co. as died 

May 20, 1778. 
Samuel Wimble, private, returned in Capt. Smart s Co. as died 

May 20, 1777. 



132 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

The Fourteenth Regiment. 

Seth Cottle, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Turner s Co. as serving 
the whole time. 

Jonathan Elms, Corporal, returned in Capt. Turner s Co. as serving 
the whole time. 

Samuel Bennet, Corporal, returned in Capt. Bedding s Co. as dis 
charged Dec. 1, 1778. 

Samuel Ellis, Corporal, returned in Capt. Wadsworth s Co. for the 
whole time. 

William Shune, private, returned in Capt. Bedding s Co. as serving 
from March 25, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 

Asa Fuller, private, returned in Capt. Wadsworth s Co. as died 
Sept. 15, 1779. 

Sylvanus Hall, private, returned in Capt. Wadsworth s Co. as serv 
ing the whole time. 

Samuel Newell, private, returned in Capt. Wadsworth s Co. as died 
June 10, 1778. 

Joshua Finkham, private, returned in the 3d Co. as discharged 
March 11, 1778. 

John Beake, private, returned in the 3d Co. as died Jan. 1, 1778. 

William Allen, private, returned in the 3d Co. as died Jan. 31, 1778. 

Jonathan Ball, private, returned in the 4th Co. for the whole time. 

Zebedee Sears, private, returned in the 4th Co. as died Dec. 10, 1778. 

Jonathan Halloway, private, returned in the 4th Co. as killed June 
9, 1777. 

James Cole, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalided. 

Jane Keeler, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died May 28, 1777. 

Vernon Toby, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died May 14, ] 777. 

Labor Linis, private, returned in the 5th Co. as discharged August 
20, 1779. 

Benjamin Lumber, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalided. 

James McCibb, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalided. 

Joseph Nicholson, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalid 

Jere Jae, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died May 28, 1777. 

George Shem, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died July 14, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 133 

William Haskell, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died May 2, 

1777. 

Moses Tob, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died Dec. 20, 1777. 
Richard Thomas, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died Jan. 4, 

1778. 

Ansel Gours, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died Dec. 3, 1777. 
Zecheus Eddy, Sergeant, returned in the 6th Co. as died June 9, 

1777. 
Jonathan Sanders, Sergeant, returned in the 7th Co. as killed July 

7, 1777. 

Nathan Fane, private, returned in the 7th Co. to June 18, 1777. 
Joseph Chamberlain, private, returned in the 7th Co. for the whole 

time. 

Lot Bly, private, returned in the 7th Co. as died March 1, 1778. 
Jabez Brooks, Sergeant, returned in the 8th Co. as serving the 

whole time. 

John Strong, private, returned in the 8th Co. as died Feb. 10, 1778. 
Nathan Barry, private, returned in the regiment and made up by 

Col. Bradford s certificate. 

The Fifteenth Regiment. 

Timothy Calton, private, returned in Capt. Smith s Co. as serving 

the whole time. 
William Wyman, private, returned in Capt. Smith s Co. as serving 

the whole time. 
Daniel Cole, private, returned in Capt. Smith s Co. as serving the 

whole time. 
Prentiss Russell, private, returned in Capt. Barnes Co. as exchanged 

Oct. 1, 1777. 
Silas Wyman, private, returned in Capt. Barnes Co. as killed Aug. 

5, 1779. 
Richard Wesson, private, returned in Capt. Monroe s Co. as died 

Aug. 20, 1777. 

George Knight, Drummer, returned in Capt, Ellis Co. as invalided. 
Samuel Barret, private, returned in Capt. Brown s Co. as serving 

from March 11, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 



134: CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

The Sixteenth Regiment. 

Bano Brown, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Brown s Co. as serving to 

Dec. 31, 1779. 
Allen Turner, private, returned as serving in the Lieut. Col. s Co. 

the whole time. 
Asa Ware, private, returned in H. Jackson s regiment from Col. 

Lee s regiment, invalided, serving the whole time. 
John Gragg, private, returned in H. Jackson s regiment from Col. 

Lee s regiment, and invalided. 

Col. John Crane s Artillery. 

Jere Niles, Lieutenant, returned by Col. Crane as Captain-lieutenant 

in his regiment from Jan. 1, 1777, resigned Sept. 9, 1778. 
Payne Downs, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Cook s Co. made up by 

Col. Crane s certificate for the time of service, being to Feb. 

28, 1779. 
Martin Norwich, Bombardier, returned in Capt. Donnell s Co. as 

killed at Tarry Town, July 15, 1778. 
James Day, Gunner, returned in Capt. Winslow s Co. as discharged 

by Gen. Gates, Dec. 31, 1777. 
Alexander Perkins, Matross, returned in Capt. Lillie s Co. as serving 

to Dec. 31, 1778. 
Oliver Tidd, Matross, returned in Capt. Treadwell s Co. as serving 

the whole time. 

Deranged Officer. 

William Tudor, Lieutenant-colonel, is returned as Lieut. Col. of Col. 
Hendley s regiment, as resigned April 9, 1778, per Gen. Heath s 
certificate. 

Major Gibls* Corps. 

Michael Titcomb, Corporal, said to be in Gen. Washington s Life- 
Guards, and was made up for his depreciation by a special re 
solve of court. 

Charles King, Sergeant-major, made up for his depreciation by a 
certificate from William Washington, Lieut. Col. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 135 

Michael Caswell, Fifer, made up for his depreciation by a discharge 

from William Washington, Lieut. Col. of Light Dragoons. 
Nathaniel Potter, private, returned by Major Gibbs as commanding- 
general of Washington s Guards. 
The above is a true copy from the returns lodged in this office. 

JOHN DEMING, 
One of the Committee for settling with the Massachusetts 

Line of the Continental Army. 
[No address.] 

Nov. 2, 1791. 

SIR : You will receive by the hands of Colonel Israel Shreeve 
his account against the United States for recruiting the late Second 
Regiment of New Jersey, in the years 1777, 78, and 79. As Mr. 
Pierce made some objection to the passage of this account, I have 
been the more particular in the examination of the evidence in sup 
port of the charges ; and am fully of opinion that the balances now 
reported are justly due to Colonel Shreeve. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOSEPH HOWELL. 
Mr. WM. SIMMONS. 

PAT OFFICE, Nov. 4, 1791. 

SIR : I have attended to the several matters contained in your 
letter of the 2d inst. 

On examining the muster-roll of the late Virginia line, I find 
Nathaniel Lucas was commissioned a lieutenant the 28th Septem 
ber, 1776, and was deranged on the 1st of October, 1778. The 
musters are silent in respect to any promotion ; but as the musters 
of the Virginia Line are exceedingly imperfect, and as Colonel Wood 
was one of the senior officers of that line, I am of opinion that his 
evidence should be admitted. 

You will inform the Secretary of War, that Mr. Lucas has no 
credit on the books of this office for one year s pay as a supernu 
merary officer, and that in consequence of delaying an application 
for this pay he is foreclosed by the act of limitation. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

* JOSEPH HOWELL. 

E. J. VANDKN BROECK, Esq. 



136 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

NOVEMBER 11, 1791. 

SIR : On appealing to the muster-rolls of General Hazen s regi 
ment, it appears that Major Tarleton Woodson was furloughed in 
December, 1781, the term not mentioned; and on the muster for 
March, 1782, taken on the 1st of April following, it is noted oppo 
site his name, "furlough expired, March 1, 1782;" after which 
Major Woodson does not appear either on the musters, or in the 
accounts of the regiment. The regiment consisted of ten compa 
nies in 1782, and of eight in 1*783. No promotion appears to have 
taken place in consequence of Major Woodson s leaving the regiment. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOSEPH HOWELL. 
Hon. Secretary of War. 

REGISTER S OFFICE, Nov. 16, 1791. 

SIR : Lieutenant Christian Orendorff, of the sixth Maryland re 
giment, has made application at this office to know whether there 
is any charge against him on the books of the Treasury. I have 
examined the records of the Department, and cannot find that any 
settlement has taken place with him. He alludes to an arrearage 
of pay and rations due to him while he was a prisoner. 

If you can point out any particular reference which may be ob 
tained in this office that will show light on the nature of his claim, 
it shall be attended to. 

I am your obedient servant, 

JOSEPH DAWSON. 
J. HOWELL, Esq., Acting P. M. Gen. 

PAT OFFICE, Nov. 16, 1791. 

SIR: The muster-rolls of the late German Regiment express 
that Philip Flowers was enlisted Nov. 1, 1776, for the war, and was 
killed Oct. 4, 1777. On reference to a list of balances paid by the 
Paymaster of this regiment, it appears the sum of 1^ dollars was 
returned to the Paymaster-general as due to Flowers, which sum is 
still due the estate at a depreciated rate, therefore not worthy of 
notice. The heirs of the deceased are not entitled, agreeably to 
the existing acts of Congress, to depreciation ; but I am clearly of 
opinion they are to the proportion of lands. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 137 

I have carefully examined the record of the Pennsylvania line, 
formed from the musters, and cannot find the name of Phineas 
Kuhn, or Coon. I am apprehensive, if there was one of that name 
died in service, that he must have been in the hospital for some 
time, and was omitted in the musters, which was too frequently the 

case. 

I am your obedient servant, 

JOSEPH HOWELL. 
Hon. Secretary of War. 

PAY OFFICE, Nov. 17, 1791. 

SIR : It appears by the arrangement of the late line of Vir 
ginia, that Oliver Towles was a Lieutenant-colonel in the fifth Vir 
ginia regiment, and was arranged as such to the First Regiment in 
in the year 1783. But it is further remarked on this arrangement, 
that Lieutenant-colonel Oliver Towles retired, and that Lieutenant- 
colonel Samuel Hawes took his place. There being but one regi 
ment, a settlement could only take place with one of them ; and in 
consequence of the application of Lieutenant-colonel Hawes, the 
Assistant Commissioner settled with him to Nov. 15, 1783. Lieu 
tenant-colonel Towles now comes forward with a claim for his pay 
in 1783, which I presume cannot be granted. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

J. HOWELL. 
Hon. Secretary of War. 

WAR OFFICE, Nov. 22, 1791. 

SIR : I am directed by the Secretary of War to transmit yon 
the inclosed petition of Thomas Jenny and Andrew Dover, late 
officers in Colonel Magaw s regiment, and who were taken prisoners 
at Fort Washington in 1776. The Secretary requests you will 
please to examine their claims, and report your opinion according! v. 
I am, sir, your humble servant, 

JOHN STAGG. 
Jos. HOWELL, Esq. 

PAY OFFICE, Nov. 24, 1791. 
SIR : Agreeably to your request I have examined the musters 



138 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

of the late Virginia line, from which it appears that there was a Wil 
liam Burk enlisted in the Third Regiment on the 16th of February, 
1778, for one year, and was discharged from the Fifth Regiment 
Feb. 16, 1779. There also appears a William Burk in the Seventh 
Regiment, who was mustered in that regiment in December, 1778, 
for the war ; and in the Eleventh Regiment there is also a William 
Burk, mustered in May, 1777, for the same term: the llth regi 
ment being incorporated with the 7th in or about November, 1778, 
it may be presumed that they are one and the same person. 

It further appears there was a William Burk in the Sixth Regi 
ment, who enlisted Dec. 7, 1776, and a William Burk in the Tenth 
Regiment, who appears to have been enlisted on the same day for 
the war. I believe the 10th regiment w r as incorporated with the 
6th in 1778. It is therefore probable they are one and the same 
person. 

By the accounts of the State of Virginia for depreciation of pay 
to her line, it appears that four of the name were settled with, viz. : 

William Burk, for 18 months service, . . 36 

William Burk, from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 1777, . 10319 3 

William Burk, do. do. . 102 3 11 

William Burk, from March 19 to Dec. 31, 1777, 19 1 10 

I have also examined the settlements made by the Assistant Com 
missioner of Army Accounts for Virginia, and find that he settled 
with one William Burk of Colonel Lee s Legion. This man, ex 
clusive of certificates issued, had 16 dollars specie due him, which 
sum, with others, was put into the hands of John Hopkins, Esq., 
and is probably the sum which is now claimed, and paid to his 
order or some one of the name. 

I wish to remark to you that, if the present applicant did not 
belong to Colonel Lee s Legion, he has no claim on the United 
States for specie or other pay, that I can find by any record in this 

office. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOSEPH HOWELL. 
Hon. JAMES MADISON. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 139 

AUDITOR S OFFICE, ANNAPOLIS, Nov. 26, 1791. 

DEAR SIR : I am favored with yours by John Bennett of Lee s 
Legion, and have made inquiry respecting his finals. Mr. White 
has lodged none with the Executive, except such as have been 
issued to the Maryland line in his own name. If Mr. White exhib 
ited no vouchers for the settlement of the certificates from Mr. 
Dunscomb, I see no chance at this time to come at the certainty 
whether any part has been applied to the purposes for which it was 
issued. I imagine you can furnish him with the account as stated 
by Mr. Dunscomb to enable him to resort to Mr. White s estate. 
He alleges he never received his depreciation. It has been paid 
here. Cannot you refer to the vouchers and let him know to whom 
the same was paid ? The checks in my office do not give the in 
formation. 

I shall be much obliged to you for a copy of Captain-lieutenant 
Ebenezer Finley s account as stated and settled in your office as an 
officer of the Maryland Artillery, and also as Deputy Judge-advo 
cate of the Southern army. Mr. White procured me a copy once 
for his executor, which I delivered ; but by some means the persons 
concerned in the adjustment of his estate cannot agree on the prin 
ciples, and the first copy cannot now be produced. 

Whatever charge may attend this business, I will direct some of 
my friends in your city to discharge the debt immediately. 

I am really sorry to hear of our friend Richmond s illness. I 
hope by this time he has recovered much. My compliments to him 
and Knapp, and believe me to be, 

Most sincerely, your friend and humble servant, 

ROBERT DENNY. 
JOSEPH HOWELL, Esq. 

NEW YORK, Nov. 28, 1791. 

SIR : The bearer hereof, Lewis Bramer, says he was a private 
in Captain James McClure s company of artillery in Colonel Proc 
tor s regiment, and that he was mustered as such and drew his ra 
tions accordingly. Captain McClure, on the other hand, contends 
that Bramer was employed by him in the capacity of his servant, 



140 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

and that he, as his master, is entitled to the depreciation-certificates 
made out for Bramer, and that he claims, in pursuance of some 
resolution of Congress which gives the servants pay to their 
masters. 

You will greatly oblige me by letting me know how Bramer 
stands on the muster-rolls, or by any other information with which 
you can favor me, that may enable me to determine how far Bra 
mer is entitled to his depreciation. 

Captain McClure has actually received the certificates which ware 
made out in Bramer s name. 

I am, with great respect, your most obedient servant, 

W. BARTON. 
JOSEPH HOWELL, Esq. 



YORK, Nov. 6, 1794. 

SIR : Although I have not the honor of being personally ac 
quainted with you, I take the liberty to ask a very particular 
favor, in which you may oblige me very much, being induced to 
make this request to you, as I presume it comes under your depart 
ment in the War Office. 

Mr. McEwen will present you this, and attend to every thing 
necessary on my part. 

What I want is an official certificate that I was returned, and 
considered as part of the quota of New York in the British war. 
My commission is dated November 15, 1779, in the Second Regi 
ment of Light Dragoons, as a Lieutenant. Soon after, I was ap 
pointed Adjutant to said regiment, and in 1781, Aid-de-camp to 
Major-general Lord Sterling, and was always with Captain Hoog- 
land and the several dragoons returned to the State of New York, 
where we had our depreciation of pay made up, until, by an ar 
rangement of Congress, the whole cavalry was made legionary, and 
affixed to particular States. 

Respectfully, your humble servant, 

THOMAS FREDERICK JACKSON. 
Maj. Ho WELL. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 141 

BOSTON, May 9, 1795. 

SIR: In the year 1786, General Knox granted me a warrant, at 
the War Office, for 350 dollars. There being no money to satisfy 
the demand at that time, it has remained in that office ever since. 
General Knox has assured me, that upon his arrival at this place, 
upon application through you, the demand would be satisfied. 
Your attention to the business will much oblige, 

Your obedient, humble servant, 

THOMAS H. CONDY, 

Late Lieut. Mass. Line. 
Mr. SIMMONS. 



PART II. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OF ENLISTMENT 
OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF COL. JOSEPH CILLEY S NEW 
HAMPSHIRE REGIMENT, FROM Nov. 8, 1776, TO JAN. 1, 1779. 

Joseph Cilley, Colonel, commissioned Apr. 2, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 
George Reed, Lieutenant-colonel. Transferred to 2d regiment. 
Jeremiah Gilman, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned September 20, 1777. 

William Scott, Major. do. do. 

Jeremiah Gilman, do. do. do. 

Benjamin Kimball, Paymaster and Lieutenant, do. December 30, 1778. 
Jeremiah Pritchard, Adjutant and Lieutenant. do January 1, 1778. 
Josiah Munro, Quartermaster and Lieutenant. do. August 21, 1778. 

John Hale, Surgeon. do. May 2, 1777. 

Jonathan Pool, Surgeon s Mate. do. do. 

THE FIRST COMPANY. 

Simon Sartwell, Captain. Commissioned as Lieutenant, November 8, 1776. 

Promoted to Captain, December 1, 1778. 
Joshua Thompson, Lieutenant. Commissioned as Ensign, November 8, 1776. 

Promoted to Lieutenant, March 4, 1778. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Tears. 

Hubard Carter, Sergeant. Appointed January 1, 1777. 

Morris Millet, do. do. do. 

John Jordan, do. do. do. 

Ripley Bingham, do. do. November 13, 1776. 

John Joiner, Qr. Mr. Sergeant, do. November 19, 1776. 

James Cochran, Corporal. do. January 1, 1777. 

Daniel Sterns, do. do. May 1, 1777. 

Stephen Abbott, Drummer. do. January 1, 1777. 



144 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Privates for Three Years. 





Enlisted 




EnUstfd 


John Allen, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Samuel Sanderson, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


David Addoms, 


do. 


Ephraim Stevens, 


do. 


Isaac Addoms, 


Mar. 10, 1778. 


Michael Silk, 


do. 


Benjamin Beavins, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


James Shail, 


do. 


Nathaniel Bartlett, 


May 1, 1777. 


Loring Thompson, 


May 1, 1777. 


Thomas Bates, 


Mar. 13, 1778. 


Jacob Taylor, 


Mar. 21, 1778. 


John Clark, 


May 1, 1777. 


Jonathan Wellock, 


Feb. 15, 1777. 


John Cowdry, 


April 21, 1777. 


William White, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


John Combes, 


April 11, 1777. 


John Willace, 


Mar. 27, 1778. 


Moses Chase, 


May 1, 1777. 


Ebenezer Williams, 


Mar. 10, 1778. 


Philemon Duset, 


do. 


Joseph Burley, 


Mar. 15, 1778. 


Thomas Davis, 


April 21, 1777. 


William Gowen, 


Mar. 1, 1778. 


John Dole, 


May 18, 1777. 


John Aids, 


Mar. 1, 1778. 


William Darrah, 


Dec. 30, 1777. 


Samuel Ayers, 


Mar. 10, 1778. 


Ralph Ellenwood, 


April 3, 1778. 


Samuel Boyd, 


Mar. 1, 1778. 


Ebenezer Hills, 


April 21, 1777. 


Samuel Bates, 


May 15, 1778. 


Thomas Kimball, 


June 1, 1778. 


Thomas Capren, 


April 11, 1778. 


John Millet, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Joel Eice, 


May 1, 1777. 


William Man, 


April 1, 1777. 


Jacob Rice, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


Nathaniel Man, 


do. 


John Willsgrove, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Abel Merrill, 


do. 


Asa Sterns, 


May 1, 1777. 


James Moore, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Abner Wise, 


do. 


John Matthews, 


do. 


Thomas McNeal, , 


do. 


William Pettigrew, 


Mar. 18, 1778. 


Samuel Morrison, 


do. 


Joel Koyce, 


May 1, 1777. 


Thomas Whitlock, 


do. 



THE SECOND COMPANY. 

Jeremiah Gilman, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned September 20, 1777. 

Benjamin Kimball, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Made Pay 
master, December 20, 1778. 

Daniel Clapp, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. 

Thomas Blake, Ensign. Commissioned Novembers, 1776. Promoted to Lieu 
tenant, May 11, 1778. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 
Isaac Gibbs, Sergeant. Appointed March 10, 1777. 



Eobert Miller, do. do. 

Samuel Hews, Corporal. do. 

Stephen Jennings, do. do. 

Asa Lovejoy, Drummer. do. 



February 17, 1777. 
April 8, 1777. 
May 12, 1777. 
February 1, 1777. 
Sick since Oct. 27, 1778. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



145 





Privates for Three Years. 






Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Nathaniel Andrews, 


May 15, 1777. 


Abel Lovejoy, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Isaac Boynton, 


April 10, 1777. 


Matthias Miller, 


Feb. 17, 1777. 


Nathaniel Bugby, 


April 22, 1777. 


Robert Mason, 


Mar. 17, 1778. 


Benjamin Burnett, 


Feb. 17, 1777. 


Thomas Newman, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


William Connick, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Nathaniel Patton, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Jonathan Conant, 


April 22, 1777. 


James Eoose, 


do. 


Edward Carter, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


David Sanderson, 


do. 


Nathan Davis, 


Mar. 17, 1778. 


Seth Thompson, 


April 18, 1777. 


Lemuel Dean, 


Mar. 3, 1777. 


Medad Taylor, 


Mar. 17, 1778. 


Ralph Emerson, 


April 10, 1777. 


Jonathan Wright, 


April 22, 1777. 


Edward Evans, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


David Wright, 


do. 


Daniel Fuller, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Phinehas Wright, 


do. 


David Gibbs, 


Mar. 10, 1777. 


Thomas Hardy, 


April 26, 1778. 


Joshua Gibbs, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Jonathan Morse, 


April 20, 1778. 


Simeou Goold, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Reuben Blood, 


Unknown. 


William Hale, 


April 10, 1777. 


Simon Blood, 


do. 


George Knox, 


May 10, 1778. 


Wilder Willard, 


do. 



THE THIRD COMPANY. 

William Scott, Captain and Major. Commissioned September 20, 1777. 
Moody Dustin, First- Lieutenant. do. November 8, 1776. 

Bazaleel Howe, Second-Lieutenant. do. November 8, 1776. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 



Thomas Stickney, Sergeant. 
William Richardson, do. 
Robert Miller, do. 

William Lang, Corporal, 
Thomas Whittock, Drummer. 



Appointed February 20, 1777. 
do. January 1, 1777. 
do. February 17, 1777. 
do. February 18, 1777. 



Privates for Three Years. 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Samuel Ayres, 


Mar. 10, 1778. 


Jacob Downing, 


Jan. 20, 1777. 


David Bryant, 


Nov. 12, 1776. 


John Dorman, 


Jan. 20, 1778. 


Samuel Boyd, 


Mar. 1, 1778. 


Noah Emery, 


April 10, 1777. 


Samuel Bates, 


Feb. 15, 1777. 


Samuel Fugard, 


Nov. 13, 1776. 


A oner Bingham, 


Mar. 10, 1777. 


Nathan Glines, 


Jan. 9, 1777. 


John Cross, 


Jan. 10, 1778. 


James Gilmore, 


April 24, 1777. 


Ephraim Cross, 


April 25, 1777. 


Timothy Harrington, 


Nov. 14, 1776. 


Thomas Capron, 


April 11, 1778. 


Walter Hains, 


May 15,1777. 


David Dickey, 


do. 


John Hillsgrove, 


Unknown. 



146 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Unlisted 




Enlisted 


Moses Hutchins, 


Nov. 16, 1776. 


John Read, 


May 18, 1777. 


Samuel Morris, 


Unknown. 


William Simson, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Peter Jenkins,. 


April 7, 1777. 


Asa Stearns, 


May 1, 1777. 


James Lamb, 


Mar. 10,1777. 


Thomas Severance, 


Mar. 21, 1777. 


Thomas McNeal, 


Unknown. 


James Simonds, 


Unknown. 


Jonathan McKoy, 


Mar. 11, 1778. 


Adam Thompson, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Nathaniel Powers, 


Feb. 13, 1778. 


John Vance, 


April 28, 1777. 


Jethro Pattingal, 


Mar. 6, 1778. 


William Walker, 


May 3, 1777. 


Jonathan Pattingal, 


April 9, 1777. 


Wader Willard, 


April 21, 1777. 


Keuben Kobarts, 


Nov. 4, 1776. 


Abner Wise, 


Unknown. 


Joel Royce, 


May 1, 1777. 


Daniel Yong, 


Jan. 27, 1778. 



Privates for Two Years* 



John Aids, 
Hugh Jemerson, 
Francis Mitchell, 



Mar. 1, 1778. 
April 19, 1778. 
April 13, 1778. 



Nathaniel Patton, Jan. 1, 1778. 



Jonathan Palmer, 
Jacob Royce , 
Abiel Walton, 



April 20, 1778. 
Jan. 1, 1778. 
July 1, 1778. 



THE FIRST CAPTAIN S COMPANY. 

Amos Morrill, Captain. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Promoted to Major. 

Served to the end of the war. 
Nathaniel McColley, First-Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Fur- 

loughed for 60 days from November 4,, 1778, by General Poor.. 
Jonathan Willard, Second-Lieutenant. Commissioned as Ensign November 8> 

1776. Promoted to Lieutenant January 10, 1778. 
Bazaleel Hower, Second-Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Served 

to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 

Samuel Wells, Sergeant. Appointed November 13, 177.&. 
Benjamin Cotton, do. do. April 1, 1778. 

Thomas Scott, do. do. July 81, 1778. 

Samuel Whidden, Corporal, do. March 8, 1777. 
Theophilus Cass, do. do. Unknown. 
Benjamin George, do. do. March 1, 1777. 



Privates for Three Years. 



John Ash, 
Joshua Blodget, 
Benjamin Butler, 
Caesar Barnes, 



Enlisted 
Unknown. 
Mar. 14, 1777. 
Dec. 5, 1777. 
Unknown. 



Enlisted 

Jonathan. Cilley, Nov. 12, 1776, 

Eobert Cunningham, April 20, 1777. 
William Cook, May 17, 1777- 

Solomon Chapman, Unknown. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 



147 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Benjamin Dowe, 


Unknown. 


Timothy Martin, 


Mar. 8, 1777. 


James Dickey, 


Mar. 4, 1777. 


Andrew Mclntire, 


do. 


Joshua Damford, 


Unknown. 


John Mclntire, 


do. 


Philip Flanders, 


do. 


William Nealy, 


Unknown. 


Thomas George, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


James Orr, 


Mar. 8, 1777. 


Isaac George, 


do. 


Zadoc Read, 


Unknown. 


Nathaniel Grimes, 


Feb. 17, 1778. 


John W. Eobertson, 


do. 


Joseph Grant, 


Mar. 5, 1778. 


Samuel Sinkler, 


Jan. 21,1777. 


Joseph Hesselton, 


Feb. 12, 1777. 


Joshua Sinkler, 


Dec. 1, 1777. 


Jonathan Hessleton, 


Unknown. 


Peter Stevens, 


Unknown. 


Elisha Hutchinson, 


April 20, 1778. 


Alexander Smith, 


do. 


Levi Hutchinson, 


do. 


Ephraim Stevens, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Moses Locke, 


Unknown. 


Peter Wells, 


Unknown. 


Samuel Locke, 


do. 


Joseph York, 


do. 


Nathaniel Molton, 


do. 


Adam Thompson, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Florence McColley, 


do. 


Benj. Pettingall, died 


Dec. 3, 1778. 



THE SECOND CAPTAIN S COMPANY. 

Jason Wait, Captain. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Furloughed by Gen. 
Poor for 60 days from December 22, 1778. 

Jeremiah Pritchard, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Fur 
loughed by Gen. Poor for 60 days from December 22, 1778. 

Jonathan Perkins, Ensign. Commissioned July 29, 1777. Promoted to Lieu 
tenant. Served to the end of the war. 



Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 



Josiah Burton, Sergeant. 
Sylvester Wilkins, do. 
Richard Roberson, do. 
Ripley Bingham, do. 

Robert Parker, Corporal. 
Hezekiah Clark, Drummer. 



Appointed, unknown. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



February 1, 1777. 
February 2, 1777. 
November 13, 1776. 
April 9, 1777. 
April 21, 1777. 



Privates for Three Years. 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Elijah Avery, 


April 9, 1777. 


Ebenezer Forgood, 


Jan. 7, 1777. 


Samuel Allen, 


Unknown. 


Henry Harris, 


Jan. 9, 1777. 


Elisha Addams, 


April 16, 1777. 


Simon Hutchins, 


do. 


William Brown, 


Nov. 22, 1776. 


David Johnson, 


Feb. 16, 1777. 


John Bishop, 


Unknown. 


Francis Joiner, 


Nov. 13, 1776. 


Joseph Davis, 


Dec. 16, 1776. 


John Lapish, 


Unknown. 


Charles Dority, 


Unknown. 


William McGee, 


Dec. 10, 1776. 



148 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


John MoGee, 


Dec. 10, 1776. 


Benjamin Smith, 


April 9, 1777. 


John McClintock, 


Mar. 15, 1777. 


Nathan Tuttle, 


do. 


James Merrill, 


Nov. 17, 1776. 


Eeuben Wheeler, 


Dec. 1, 1777. 


Enoch Moss, 


Feb. 2, 1777. 


George Wilson, 


Feb. 3, 1777. 


Nathaniel Needham, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Eufus Walton, 


Mar. 10, 1777. 


Benjamin Perkins, 


Feb. 2, 1777. 


Stephen Ward, 


do. 


Richard Eichardson, 


April 3, 1777. 


Thomas Wilson, 


Unknown. 


James Eider, 


Unknown. 


Lewis Wisso, 


Nov. 14, 1776. 


Isaac Smith, 


April 9, 1777. 


Daniel Eitter, 


April 17, 1777. 



Asaph Butler, 
Walter Geers, 
Charles Geers, 
Thomas Hunt, 
Eleazcr Howard, 
Solomon Harris, 



Privates for Two Years. 



April 1, 1778. 
Mar. 16, 1778. 
Feb. 19, 1778. 

do. 

Jan. 22, 1778. 
Mar. 22, 1778. 



Alpheus Kingsley, 
Jedediah Eice, 
Joseph Eight, 
Henry Stevens, 
Tyler Spafford, 



April 1, 1778. 
Jan. 22, 1778. 
April 1, 1778. 
Mar. 22, 1778. 
Feb. 19, 1778. 



(Deserted Dec. 25, 1778.) 



THE THIRD CAPTAIN S COMPANY. 

Amos Emerson, Captain. Commissioned, November 9, 1776. 

Josiah Munro, First-Lieutenant and Quartermaster. Commissioned as Lieut., 
November 8, 1776 ; appointed Qr. Mr., August 21, 1778. Promoted to Cap 
tain and served to the end of the war. 

Simon Merrill, Second-Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Pro 
moted fc> Lieutenant, September 19, 1777. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 



Jonathan Burrows, Sergeant. 
Israel Ingalls, do. 

Sanders Bradbury, do. 

William Eichardson, do. 
John Manning, Corporal. 

Jeremiah Towl, do. 

Nathaniel Batchelder, do. 
Paul Woods, Fifer. 



Appointed January 1, 1777. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



January 27, 1777. 
April 1, 1777. 
January 1, 1777. 
April 17, 1777. 
April 3, 1777. 
March 20, 1777. 
Unknown. 



Privates for Three Years. 



Samuel Aiken, 
Noah Buswell, 
John Barron, 
Simeon Butterfield, 


Enlisted 
April 3, 1777. 
Jan. 31, 1777. 
May 12, 1777. 
Mar. 1, 1777. 


Charles Booles, 
Thomas Fuller, 
Thomas Grush, 
Duncan Grant, 


Enlisted 
Feb. 2, 1778. 
April 2, 1777. 
Mar. 23, 1777. 
April 4, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



149 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Samuel Hoit, 


Mar. 14, 1777. 


Jonathan Nock, 


Mar. 10, 1777. 


Charles Hanson, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


John Perry, 


Feb. 19, 1777. 


Peter Honey, 


April 18, 1777. 


Jonathan Powers, 


Jan. 15, 1777. 


David Hunt, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


William Powell, 


June 15, 1777. 


Zacheus Hunt, 


Feb. 2, 1778. 


John Rowe, 


April 15, 1777. 


Eeuben Hall, 


Mar. 14, 1777. 


David Smith, 


Mar. 14, 1777. 


Jesse Heath, 


April 25, 1777. 


Benjamin Taylor, 


April 17, 1777. 


John Kent, 


Feb. 2, 1778. 


Daniel Woods, 


do. 


Eliphalet Manning, 


April 15, 1777. 


Benjamin Smith, 


Mar. 14, 1777. 


Barnard Merrill, 


April 4,1777. 


Henry True, 


April 8,1777. 


John McClellan, 


April 1, 1777. 


Daniel Shirley, 


do. 



THE FOURTH CAPTAIN S COMPANY. 

Ebenezer Frye, Captain. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Served to the end 

of the war. 
Asa Senter, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Served to the end 

of the war. 
Joshua Thompson, Ensign. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Promoted to 

Lieutenant. Served to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 
Jeremiah Holtman, Sergeant. Appointed November 15, 1776. 



Samuel Thompson, do. 


do. 


May 8, 1777. 


Robert Hodgert, do. 


do. 


March 24, 1777. 


Thomas Stickney, do. 


do. 


February 5, 1777. 


William Leevy, Corporal. 


do. 


April 5, 1777. 


Jonas Cutting, do. 


do. 


November 14, 1776. 


Joseph Marsh, do. 


do. 


April 7, 1777. 


Joseph Polly, Drummer. 


do. 


April 1, 1777. 



Privates for Three Years. 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


James Boyes, 


Nov. 14,1776. 


Samuel Eyers, 


April 28, 1777. 


James Brown, 


April 1, 1777. 


Robert Forrest, 


Mar. 16, 1778. 


Bishop Coster, 


April 9, 1777. 


George Gait, 


Nov. 14, 1776. 


James Campbell, 


April 26, 1777. 


John Head, 


Nov. 13, 1776. 


Thomas Col burn, 


Jan. 15, 1777. 


Thomas Haynes, 


April 15, 1777. 


Zebulon Colbie, 


Jan. 10, 1777. 


John Hall, 


Mar. 12, 1778. 


Samuel Dalton, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Ichabod Martin, 


Nov. 13, 1776. 


William Dickey, 


April 9, 1777. 


Alexander McMaster, 


do. 


John Douglass, 


April 17, 1778. 


John McMurphy, 


April 20, 1777. 


Samuel Danford, 


April 27, 1778. Thomas Mathews, 


April 25, 1777. 



150 



OFFICEKS AND PRIVATES. 



John Mack, 
Thomas Muchemore, 
Daniel McCoy, 
Thomas McLaughlin, 
Joseph McFarland, 
George McMurphy, 
Joseph Mack, 
Joseph Norris, 
John O Brion, 
Nathan Plummer, 
Thomas Eiddle, 


Enlisted 
May 2, 1777. 
Jan. 23, 1777. 
Mar. 11, 1778. 
Mar. 12, 1778. 
April 28, 1777. 
April 7, 1777. 
April 2, 1777. 
Mar. 4, 1778. 
April 9, 1777. 
April 7, 1777. 
Mar. 23, 1777. 



John Eiddle, 
Edward Smith, 
Bartholomew Stevens, 
John Sampson, 
Solomon Todd, 
James Thompson, 
Prince Thompson, 
Robert Wilson, 
James Wilson, 
Samuel Walton, 



Enlisted 
Mar. 7, 1778. 
April 17, 1777. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
Nov. 13, 1776. 
April 28, 1777. 
Nov. 14, 1776. 
May 15, 1777. 
April 1, 1777. 

do. 
April 9, 1777. 



THE FIFTH CAPTAIN S COMPANY. 

Isaac Farwell, Captain. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Served to the end 

of the war. 

William Hutchins, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. 
Jonathan Willard, Ensign. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Promoted to 

Lieutenant, January 10, 1778. 



Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 
Levid Adams, Sergeant. Appointed February 1, 1777. 



Ephraim Foster, do. do. 

Gilbert Caswell, do. do. 

Ira Evans, Corporal. do. 

Abner Preston, Drummer. do. 

Thomas Dodge, Fifer, do. 



do. 

July 8, 1777. 
November 16, 1776. 
February 1, 1777. 
May 14, 1777. 



Privates for Three Years. 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Joel Andrews, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


James Hawkley, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Jonas Adams, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


William Hewett, 


Feb. 1, 1778. 


David Abrahams, 


Unknown. 


Sylvanus Hastings, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


Joseph Burk, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


Page Harryman, 


May 19, 1777. 


John Clark, 


Feb. 3, 1777. 


Giles Keley, 


April 18, 1777. 


Bunker Clark, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Jonathan Kelly, 


Nov. 27, 1776. 


Benjamin Critchett,; 


Feb. 18, 1777. 


William Leatten, 


Unknown. 


Moses Farnsworth, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Ebenezer Mathews, 


Mar. 12, 1778. 


Thomas Gilmore, 


Nov. 14, 1776. 


Isaac Mitchell, 


Unknown. 


Silas Gill, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Timothy Newton, 


do. 


Matthew Greer, 


Mar. 16, 1776. 


Thomas Osgood, 


Mar. 12, 1778. 


John Grout, 


May 1, 1777. 


William Pritchard, 


Nov. 16, 1776. 


Nathaniel Hays, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Samuel Phelps, 


Nov. 15, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 



151 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Simeon Powers, 


Unknown. 


Abner Thurston, 


Unknown. 


Noah Porter, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


Joseph Tucker, 


Feb. 3, 1778. 


Philip Peters, 


May 1, 1778. 


William Taggert, 


Feb. 4, 1778. 


John Pike, 


Unknown- 


Ithamar Wheelock, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Lemuel Koyce, 


Feb. 4, 1777. 


Aaron Adams, 


Mar. 12, 1778. 


Paris Richardson, 


Mar. 13, 1778. 


John Cross, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


Samuel Sisco, 


Feb. 17, 1777. 


Moses Hutchins, 


Nov. 16, 1776. 


"William Sisco, 


May 1, 1778. 


Nathaniel Powers, 


Mar. 13, 1773. 


John Slmonds, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


James Simonds, 


Unknown. 


Silas Simonds, 


do. 


John Pettengill, 


April 9,1777. 


Levi Simonds, 


Feb. 13,1778. 





THE SIXTH CAPTAIN S COMPANY. 

Nathaniel Hutchins, Captain. Commissioned April 3^ 1777. Served to the end 

of the war. 
Daniel Clapp, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1777, 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 



Eliphalet Quimby, Sergeant. 


Appointed April 5, 1777. 


Samuel Caldwell, do. 


do. July 3, 1777. 


Gilbert Caswell, do. 


do, July 8, 1777. 


Amos Barns, do. 


do, January 21, 1778. 


William Lang, Corporal. 


do. February 18, 1777. 


John Chad wick, do. 


do. April 6, 1777. 


Johnthing Conner, do. 


do. April 8, 1777. 


Benjamin Williams, do. 


do. April 6, 1777. 


Samuel Stocker, Drummer. 


do. April 10, 1777. 


Daniel Creesy, Fifer, 


do. da 



Privates for Three Years. 





Enlisted 




EnUsted 


James Boles, 


July 14, 1777. 


Thomas Easman, 


July 3, 1777. 


William Bachelor, 


Jan. 10, 1777. 


Thomas Flanders, 


Feb. 10, 1777, 


Enos Chelis, 


May 7, 1777. 


Jacob Flanders, 


do. 


Samuel Camrnet, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Elijah Fairfield, 


April 17, 1777. 


Moses Colby, 


May 11, 1777. 


William Frankfort, 


July 9, 1778. 


Thomas Cammet, 


April 16, 1777. 


Thomas George, 


April 17, 1777. 


Joshua Church, 


April 12, 1777. 


Antona Gilman, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


John Cooper, 


do. 


Charles Greenfield, 


April 1, 1777. 


Stephen Dustin, 


April 10, 1778. 


William Hodskins, 


April 6, 1777. 


James Doud, 


Unknown. 


Enoch Hoyt, 


July 3, 1777. 


James Eagerly, 


April 14, 1777. 


Jonathan Judkins, 


April 11, 1777. 



152 



OFFICERS AND PEIVATES 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Stephen Lord, 


Feb. 24, 1777. 


Jonathan Webster, 


Mar. 7, 1777. 


John Larabee, 


Nov. 25, 1776. 


Thomas Jamerson, 


Feb. 22, 1778. 


John Smart, 


April 7, 1777. 


Moses Sanborn, 


April 27, 1778. 


John Sweet, 


April 16, 1777. 


Ephraim Sargeant, 


do. 


Caleb Smart, 


April 7, 1777. 


William Powell, 


do. 


Jonathan Stevens, 


do. 


Samuel Powell, 


do. 


Benjamin Sweet, 


April 16, 1777. 


Asa Heath, 


do. 


James Sherer, 


April 6, 1777. 


Ephraim Cross, 


April 25, 1778. 


Jonathan Sawyer, 


April 4, 1777. 


John Dorman, 


Jan. 20,1778. 


Joseph Sanborn, 


Nov. 22, 1776. 


Thomas Severance, 


Mar. 21, 1777. 


Henry Thompson, 


Nov. 24, 1776. 


Reuben Eoberts, 


Nov. 24, 1776. 


Ezra Turner, 


Mar. 5,1777. 







NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OF 
COL. WILLIAM DOUGLAS* CONNECTICUT REGIMENT, RAISED BY THE 
STATE IN JUNE, 1776, TO JOIN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY IN NEW 
YORK. 

William Douglas, Colonel. Commissioned June 20, 1776. 
James Arnold, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned June 20, 1776. 
Phinehas Porter, Major. Commissioned June 20, 1776. 
Benjamin Trumbull, Chaplain. Commissioned June 24, 1776. 
Samuel Barker, Adjutant. Commissioned June 20, 1776. 
Jonah Clark, Quartermaster. Commissioned June 22, 1776. 
Jared Potter, Surgeon. Commissioned July 3, 1776. 
Witham Gould, Surgeon s Mate. Commissioned July 3, 1776. 
Daniel Abbott, Armorer. Commissioned July 8, 1776. 



Captains Commissioned June 20, 1776. 



Nathaniel Johnson, 
Edward Eussell, 
Samuel Peeks, 
John Lewis, 



Jonas Prentice, 
Jacob Brackett, 
Nathaniel Bunnell, 
Cornelius Higgins. 



NOTE. The sum of 7,847 16s. 2kd. was paid by Ebenezer Huntingtou, Dep 
uty Paymaster-general, for the services of this regiment until the 29th Decem 
ber, 1776, when they were discharged by Major-general William Heath. Jonah 
Clark, Quartermaster, acted as Paymaster of the regiment for the time. It does 
not appear that any of those officers served after this, in the Continental Line, to 
the end of the war. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



153 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF COL. CHRISTOPHER GREENE S RHODE 
ISLAND REGIMENT, AS IT STOOD MAY 1, 1779. 



Christopher Greene, Colonel, 
John Holden, Adjutant. 
Samuel Ward, Major. 
Peter Turner, Surgeon. 
John Parish, Surgeon s Mate. 
John Cook, Quartermaster. 
Ebenezer Flagg, Paymaster. 



John S. Dexter, 
Elijah Lewis, 
Thomas Arnold, 
Ebenezer Flagg, 
Thomas Cole. 

LIEUTENANTS. 

Zephaniah Brown, 
Daniel Pierce, 
Elias Thompson, 
John Holden, 
David Johnston. 



Edward Slocum, 
Joseph Cornell, 
Charles Pierce, 
Cornelius Russell, 
Elias Thompson, 
John Cooke. 

SERGEANTS. 

Henry Davis, 
John Smith, 
Samuel West, 
George Sisson, 
Ebenezer Talbert, 
Asa Lewis, 
Samuel Cranston, 
Seth Fisher, 
Joseph Brown, 
William Hutton, 
William Kipp, 



Thomas Taylor, 
James Ross, 
George Popple, 
Eldridge Spink, 
Benajah Davis. 

CORPORALS. 
Prince Simons, 
Thomas Stafford, 
Alexander Love, 
William Parks, 
David Potter, 
George Potter, 
Ebenezer Slocumb. 



Edward Anthony, 
Benedict Aron, 
Bristol Arnold, 
Richard Allen, 
Joseph Boyer, 
Jack Burrows, 
Primus Babcock, 
Hampton Barton, 
Abram Bemon, 
Prince Bucklin, 
Job Burton, 
Africa Bush, 
Frank Bourn, 
Cato Barrister, 
James Carpenter, 
Prince Childs, 
William Cooper, 
John Charles, 
Jack Coddington, 
Newport Champlin, 
James Clark, 
Prince Case, 
Prince Gardiner, 
Perry Green, 
Thomas Nichols, 
Caesar Updike, 



154 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Watson, 
Jack Minthorn, 
Mingo Rodman, 
Jacob Hazzard, 
Peter Daily, 
Milford Dick, 
Caesar Wheaton, 
Ichabod Northrup, 
Thomas Amos, 
Cato Green, 
William Green, 



Henry Tabor, 
Boston Wilbur, 
Reuben Roberts, 
Prince Rodman, 
Thomas Spencer, 
Josias Soule, 
Primus Watson, 
James Daily, 
Gideon Harry, 
Landon Hall, 
John Pump. 



NAMES AND RANK OF THE OFFICERS OF COL. ISRAEL ANGELL S 
RHODE ISLAND CONTINENTAL REGIMENT IN 17*79, AND OTHER 
OFFICERS OF THAT STATE. 



Israel Angell, Colonel. 

Jeremiah Olney, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Simeon Thayer, Major. 

Thomas Waterman, Lieutenant and 

Adjutant. 

Samuel Tenny, Surgeon. 
Elias Cornelius, Surgeon s Mate. 



William Allen, 
William Tew, 
Stephen Olney, 
Coggeshall Olney, 
William Humphrey 
William Littlefield, 
Thomas Hughes. 



LIEUTENANTS. 

Thomas Waterman, 
Dutee Jerauld, 
Joseph Wheaton, 
John M. Greene, 
David Sayles, 
Ebenezer Macomber, 
Benj. L. Peckham, 
John Hubbard, 
Oliver Jenks. 



William Pratt, 
Joseph Masury, 
John Rogers, 
Jeremiah Greenman. 



Other Regiments. 



Christopher Lippett, Colonel. 
Adam Comstock, Lieutenant-colonel. 
William Tyler, Adjutant. 
Benjamin Bourn, Quartermaster. 



Arthur Fenner, 
Simeon Martin, 
David Dexter, 



Nathan Blackmar, 
Loriug Peck, 
John Carr, 
Thomas Gorton, 
Benjamin Hoppin, 
Christopher Dyer, 
Thomas Arnold, 
Lemuel Bailey, 
William Jones. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



155 



LIEUTENANTS. 

Gilbert Richardson, 
Reuben Hewitt, 
Thomas Noyes, 
William Belcher, 
Peleg Hoxie, 
Abram Turtelot, 
Jacob Williams, 
Ichabod Prentice, 
Alexander Thomas, 
Gilbert Grant. 



Amos Gilson, 
David Melville, 
Benjamin Burn, 
Philip Martin, 
John Hold en, 
John Cowen, 
William Pullen, 
Caleb Mathews, 
Brinton Bliss, 
Joseph Keed. 



Officers in the Early Part of the War. 



Christopher Manchester, 
Caleb Gardner, 
Peter Church, 
Job Pierce, 
Thomas Wells, 
William Barton, 
James Wallace, 
Charles Dyer, 
Samuel Philips, 
Josiah. Gibbs, 
Benjamin Diniond, 
Benjamin Frye. 



LIEUTENANTS. 

Malachi Hamme-t, 
Augustus Stan ton, 
Walter Palmer, 
Charles Lippett, 
Paul Hannington, 
James Smith, 
Lemuel Bailey, 



John Rogers, 
John Holden, 
Samuel Stevens. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND COMMENCEMENT OF 
SERVICE, OP THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF COLONEL EBENEZER 
STEVENS COMPANIES OF NEW YORK ARTILLERY. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Ebenezer Stevens. Commissioned as Lieutenant of Infantry, May 8, 1775 ; as 
Captain of Artillery, December 6, 1775; as Major of Artillery, November 9, 
1776 ; and as Lieutenant-colonel of Artillery, April 30, 1778. 

Samuel Hodgdon. Commissioned as Commissary of Military Stores, February 
1, 1777; and as Commissary -general of Military Stores, February 11, 1778. 

Hezekiah Whetmore, Adjutant. Commissioned February 1, 1777. Resigned 
September 6, 1778. 

John Winslow, Paymaster and Captain. Commissioned as Captain, June 8, 
1777 ; as Paymaster, June 1, 1778. Resigned November 5, 1778. 



156 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Wheeler, Surgeon. Commissioned September 4, 1777. Resigned Jan 
uary 8, 1779. 

Josiah Watrous, Surgeon s Mate. Commissioned September 4, 1777. On com 
mand at West Point from November 3, 1778, to January 8, 1779, -when he 
resigned. 

Benjamin Bartlett, Conductor. Commissioned January 9, 1777. On command 
in Connecticut, August 8, 1778. 

Jasper M. Gidley, Conductor. Commissioned June 1, 1777. On command at 
West Point, August 8, 1778. 

James Boyer, Conductor. Commissioned April 24, 1778. 



FIRST COMPANY. 

Stephen Buckland, Captain. Commissioned November 9, 1776 ; furloughed by 

General Washington from October 30, 1778, for five weeks. On command 

in Connecticut, May, 1778 ; and at West Point, January, 1779. 
William Johnston, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. On 

command at West Point in January, 1779. 
Constant Freeman, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. On 

command at West Point, January 17, 1779. Served to end of the war in 

Crane s Artillery. 
George Ingersol, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776; joined 

Crane s Artillery in 1779 ; and served to the end of the war in Massachusetts. 
Isaac Barber, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. At West 

Point, January, 1779. Joined Crane s Artillery. 
David Deming, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 1, 1777. At West 

Point, January 17, 1779. 

Non-commissioned Officers for the War. 



November 13, 1776. 
January 3, 1777. 
March 19, 1777. 
August 9, 1777. 

do. 

November 19, 1776. 
January 3, 1777. 

do. 

January 4, 1777. 
January 3, 1777. 
August 9, 1777. 
November 17, 1776. 
May 14, 1777. 
November 11, 1776. 
February 20, 1777. 
February 7, 1777. 



Alexander Campbell, 


Sergeant-major. 1 


Ippoinl 


John Degrove, 


Sergeant. 


do. 


Edward Blake, 


do. 


do. 


Jeremiah Shea, 


do. 


do. 


Henry Morto, 


do. 


do. 


John Blunt, 


do. 


do. 


Alexander Campbell, 


do. 


do. 


Eoger Taylor, 


Corporal. 


do. 


James Yates, 


do. 


do. 


William Anderson, 


do. 


do. 


John Skerrett, 


do. 


do. 


Anthony Kelly, 


do. 


do. 


Richard Northover, 


do. 


do. 


Samuel Denny, 


do. 


do. 


William Loudon, 


Drum-major. 


do. 


Henry Crombie, 


Drummer. 


do. 


Robert Sloan, 


Fifer. 


do. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



Bombardiers for the War. 



157 





Appointed 


Appointed 


Francis Kline, 


Nov. 14, 1776. 


Thomas Parker, Aug. 9, 1777. 


Neal McNeal, 


do. 


William Balyer, May 10, 1777. 


Henry Defreest, 


do. 






Gunners for the War. 


Edward Ahern, 


Nov. 17, 1776. 


William Farden, Mar. 24, 1777. 


John Bitters, 


Jan. 20, 1777. 


(Taken prisoner July 6, 1777.) 


John Granger, 


May 24, 1777. 


John Kenny, Mar. 24, 1777. 


William Gortley, 


May 10, 1777. 


(Reduced July 21, 1777.) 


John Teen, 


Aug. 9, 1777. 






Matrossesfor the War. 


Edward Bird, 


Dec. 20,1776. 


John Love, Dec. 22, 1776. 


Edward Brown, 


Jan. 24, 1777. 


(Missing since July 6, 1777.) 


Benjamin Cleveland, 


Nov. 16, 1776. 


Thomas Flemming, Nov. 14, 1776. 


Samuel Denny, 


July 21, 1777. 


(Missing since July 6, 1777.) 


William Dorkham, 


Jan. 25, 1777. 


Henry Morto, July 21, 1777. 


John Green, 


Jan. 2, 1777. 


(Promoted to Serg. Aug. 9, 1777.) 


Henry Graham, 


Aug. 1, 1777. 


John Blunt, July 21, 1777. 


Stephen Hays, 


Jan. 28,1777. 


(Promoted to Serg. Aug. 9, 1777.) 


John Harvey, 


Jan. 20, 1777. 


Anthony Kelly, May 14, 1777. 


William Hunter, 


do. 


(Promoted to Corp. Aug. 9, 1777.) 


John Kenny, 


July 21, 1777. 


Thomas Parker, July 21, 1777. 


Peter Meredith, 


Jan. 27, 1777. 


(Promoted to Bomb. Aug. 9, 1777.) 


John Mclndoe, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


John Teen, May 7, 1777. 


John Nickle, 


Jan. 4, 1777. 


(Promoted to Gun. Aug. 9, 1777.) 


Gregory O Brine, 


Jan. 29, 1777. 


Jeremiah Coughland, Feb. 4, 1777. 


\ John Pewshew, 


Jan. 18, 1777. 


(Deserted to the enemy, July 


A James Russell, 


Jan. 13, 1777. 


5, 1777.) 


Jabez Spencer, 


Nov. 15, 1776. 


Daniel Mclntosh, Jan. 6, 1777. 


John Shobee, 


Jan. 18, 1777. 


(Deser d to enemy July 5, 1777.) 


Jacob Visbee, 


Jan. 4, 1777. 


Enos Line, Nov. 15, 1776. 


George Wilson, 


Jan. 5, 1777. 


(Deserted July 9, 1777.) 



THE SECOND COMPANY. 

Nathaniel Donnell, Captain. Commissioned as Second-lieutenant in Captain 
Bernard Romans Pennsylvania Artillery, March 25, 1776. Promoted to 
First-lieutenant May 15, 1776, and promoted to Captain in Major Stevens 
corps November 9, 1776. Served to end of the war. 

Thomas Vose, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776, and served 
with Stevens and Crane to the end of the war. 

Joseph Perry, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. [u service 
at Pluekcrmin, January 17, 1779. 



158 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Daniel McLane, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 9, 1776. "Wounded 
in 1T78, and furlough ed by Gen. Gates. On command at Springfield, Jan 
uary 17, 1779. Served to the end of the war. (See Penn.) 

Joseph Driskill, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 9, 1776. On com 
mand at Fishkill in May, 1778, and on furlough in Maryland, Jan. 17, 1779. 

Andrew H. Tracy, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned June 1, 1777. Eesigned 
September 15, 1778. 

Non-commissioned Officers for the War. 



Asa Copland, Sergeant-major. 
Nathaniel Champlin, Sergeant. 



Silas Barber, 
John Cockel, 
James Wilsey, 
Lot Howse, 
Henri Schineman, 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Wm. Loudon, Drum-major. 



Benoni Harris, Fifer. 
Miles Hubbard, CorporaL 
Matthew Hopkins, do. 
Emanuel Fokey, do. 
John Harwood, do. 
Ephraim Cook, do. 
John Gartsee, do. 



Bombardiers for the War. 

Joseph Huckey, Jacob "Whitter, 

Gail Cole, William Tolley, 

Thomas Shepard, John McCormitt. 



Gunners for the War. 



Alexander Brinton, 
George Wood, 
Peter Mooney, 
John A. Kemper, 



Richard Vanorman, 
Matthew Green, 
James Sinnix. 



Matrossesfor the War. 



Joseph Allen, 
Matthew Asterman, 
Francis Bertho, 
Samuel Brown, 
Patrick McDorrnitt, 
John McCoy, 
Hugh Jones, 
John Kransz, 
William Kelly, 
George Oglesby, 
Kobert Robinson, 
Peter Vunth, 



John Boudinot, 
Pattricius Band, 
Charles Burman, 
James Douley, 
John Dewitt, 
John Good, 
Michael Geer, 
John Kester, 
Emanuel Lewis, 
John McMurdough, 
James Sinnix, 
George Hanley, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 159 



THIRD COMPANY. 

John Winslow, Captain. Commissioned June 8, 1777. Resigned November 5, 
1778. Lieutenant Thomas Barr took his place. 

Thomas Barr, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned as Third-lieutenant in Capt. 
Komans Pennsylvania Artillery, March 28, 1776 ; promoted to Second- 
lieutenant, May 15, 1776 ; on command with Gen. Schuyler till November 
9, 1776, when he was promoted to Captain-lieutenant in Major Stevens 
corps. On duty January 17, 1779. 

Jacob Kemper, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. Served to 
the end of the war. (See N. J.) 

Jacob Welsh, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. Eesigned 
November 5, 1778. . 

Richard Hunnewell, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 1, 1777. Re 
signed November 25, 1778. 

John Liswell, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 1, 1777. On duty 
January 17, 1779. 

Non-commissioned Officers for the War. 

Ephraim Milton, Sergeant. Appointed March 21, 1777. 



Charles Newcomb, do. 


do. do. 


John Jackman, do. 


do. do. 


John Pocoek, do. 


do. do. 


Henry Stevens, do. 


do. do. 


George Barren, Corporal. 


do. do. 


William Hayden, do. 


do. March 22, 1777. 


Dennis Hogan, do. 


do. do. 


Jeremiah Smith, do. 


do. August 15, 1777. 


Bombardiers for the War. 


Appointed 


AI 


Thomas McDowle, Aug. 15, 1777. 


Benjamin Hunt, Au| 


Neal Campbell, do. 


John Robinson, 


Benjamin Cleveland, do. 


John McKay, 



Appointed 
Aug. 15, 1777. 
do. 
do. 

Gunners for the War. 

Robert Hawkins, Aug. 15, 1777. I Matthew Thompson, Aug. 15, 1777. 
Michael Moore, do. John McKenzie, do. 



Ma trosses for the War. 



John Brown, 
Lawrence Belong, 
Lewis Carey, 
Peter Elino, 



Daniel Elmore, 
John Moore, 
Christian Moore, 
James Murphy, 



160 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Ephraim Sufferance, 
John Simme, 
George Zimmerman, 
Reese Pugh, 

(Taken prisoner July 7, 1777.) 
Anthony Francis, 
David Franks, 
Charles Hewitt, 
John Jones, 



Clark Lacroix, 
Archibald Nelson, 
Francis Pickard, 
Alexander Boss, 
John Kedinbacker, 
Christian Willing, 
John Cantlion, 
(Deserted August 8, 1777.) 



ARTILLERY ARTIFICERS BELONGING TO COL. EBENEZER STEVENS 
CORPS, AS IT STOOD FROM DEC. 16, 1776, TO OCT. 1, 1778. 

Noah Nichols, Captain. Commissioned November 9, 1776. 

Nathaniel Call, Captain of Cartridge Makers. Commissioned December 19, 1777. 

Eesigned September 10, 1778. 

Thomas Patton, Foreman of Smiths. Commissioned December 15, 1777. 
Bela Nichols, Quartermaster. Commissioned July 11, 1778. 
Joseph Olmstead, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 22, 1776. 



Privates for Three Years. 



Enlisted 


Jonathan Bates, 


Feb. 


2, 1777. 


Ebenezer Burrell, 


Mar. 


6, 1777. 


Aldcn Burrell, 




do. 


Scth Badcock, 


Mar. 


17, 1777. 


Samuel Bunn, 


Feb. 


19, 1777. 


Jonathan Bradford, 


Mar. 


15, 1777. 


Charles Curtis, 


Mar. 


2, 1777. 


Sylvanus Cook, 


Mar. 


15, 1777. 


Israel Cowing, 


Feb. 


14, 1777. 


Benjamin Colemore, 


Mar. 


6, 1777. 


Edward Dammon, 




do. 


Daniel Edwards, 


Mar. 


20, 1777. 


Samuel Freeman, 


Mar. 


3, 1777. 


Josiah Fuller, 


Mar. 


15, 1777. 


Gershom Howe, 


Mar. 


24, 1777. 


Abner Holmes, 


Mar. 


15, 1777. 


John Hutter, 


Mar. 


3, 1777. 


Lemuel Horton, 


Mar. 


20, 1777. 


Ebenezer Jackson, 


Mar. 


13, 1777. 


Melzor Joy, 


Feb. 


2, 1777. 


John Karkar, 


Dec. 


16, 1776. 


Levi Man, 


Mar. 


6, 1777. 



Augustus Pierce, 
Jenkins Palmer, 
Nathaniel Peck, 
James Stoddard, 
Oliver Stetson, 
John Sears, 
Benjamin Stevens, 
Samuel Stetson, 
Gershom Spear, 
Peter Sears, 
Thomas Wood, 
James Suttcr, 

(For two years.) 
Boylston Potter, Dec. 15, 1776. 

(For two years.) 
Stephen Rogers, Jan. 22, 1777. 

(For during the war.) 
John Thorp, Nov. 27, 1776. 

(For during the war.) 
W T illiam Smith, Feb. 22, 1777. 

(For during the war. Taken 
prisoner July 6, 1777.) 



Enlisted 
Feb. 23, 1777. 
Mar. 8, 1777. 
Mar. 10, 1777. 
2, 1777. 
2, 1777. 
do. 

Mar. 20, 1777. 
Mar. 2, 1777. 
19, 1777. 
2, 1777. 
9, 1777. 
23, 1777. 



Feb. 
Mar. 



Feb. 
Mar. 
Jan. 
Jan. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 161 

NAMES OF THE DISCHARGED OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF CAPT. 
EBENEZER STEVENS COMPANY OF ARTILLERY IN 1776, WHO LEFT 

SERVICE AT TlCONDEROGA JANUARY 1, 1777. 



David Cook, Captain-lieutenant. 
Samuel Dogget, Lieutenant. 
Kobert Carver, Lieutenant and Quar 
termaster. 

John Baker, Sergeant. 
Samuel Walker, do. 
Thomas Chaffie, do. 
Isaac Jacobs, Corporal. 
Squire Howe, Bombardier. 
Bcnoni Simmons, do. 
Nathaniel House, do. 



James Fowler, Bombardier. 
Benjamin Wade, Gunner. 
Jerod Joy, do. 

John Steward, do. 
John Butterworth, Matross. 
Elijah Brant, do. 

Peleg Damond, do. 

Elisha Joy, do. 

Ezekiel Wallis, do. 

Jacob Muckler, Drummer. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OF ENLISTMENT 
OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF COL. LEWIS DUBOIS NEW 
YORK REGIMENT, AS IT STOOD AT WHITE PLAINS, JULY 22, 1778. 

Lewis Dubois, Colonel. Commissioned June 25, 1776 ; on furlough by Genera] 
Gates in July, 1778; at the battle of Klock s Field in 1780; and at the cap 
ture of Fort Montgomery the 6th October, 1777. 

Jacobes Bruyn, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned June 26, 1776 ; taken pris 
oner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 

Samuel Logan, Major. Commissioned June 26, 1776 ; taken prisoner at Fort 
Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Henry Dubois, Adjutant. Commissioned November 21, 1777. 

Nehemiah Carpenter, Quartermaster. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; 
taken prisoner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 

Samuel Townsend, Paymaster. Commissioned November 21, 1776; on fur 
lough by Captain Kosecrans. 

John Gano, Chaplain. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; promoted to Brigade 
Chaplain. 

Samuel Cook, Surgeon. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to end of 
the war. 

Ebenezer Hutchinson, Surgeon s Mate. Commissioned June 12, 1778. 

FIRST COMPANY. 

James Rosekrans, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; promoted to 

Major, and served to the end of the war. 
Henry Dodge, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to 

the end of the war. 



162 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Samuel Dodge, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; taken 
prisoner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Henry Swartwout, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; taken prisoner 
at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 



John Christy, Sergeant. 

Abraham Johnston, do. 

Eleazer Lusy, 

Samuel Hull, 

James Eobinson, 

Joseph Gleason, 

David Philips, 

Abraham Goodwin, Fife-major. 

Depuy Eosecrans, Fifer. 

William Walcott, Corporal. 

John Jee, do. 



Appointed January 1, 1777. 



do. 

do. 

Qr. Mr s. Sergt. 
Drum-major. 
Drummer. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



April 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
4, 1777. 





Privates for Three Years. 




Enlisted 


Enlisted 


Jeremiah Bundy, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


William Niver, May 10, 1777. 


Joseph Brooks, 


do. 


Timothy Eiden, Jan. 1, 1777. 


Francis Bevins, 


do. 


William Eussell, do. 


John Crum, 


May 21, 1778. 


George Eobinson, do. 


Ezra Darling, 


Jan. 20, 1777. 


John Southard, Jan. 28, 1777. 


John Darling, 


do. 


Harmonious Springsteen, do. 


John Delameter, 


do. 


Elijah Stansbury, May 18,1777. 


Christopher Decker, 


do. 


Eeuben Smith, Feb. 12, 1777. 


Marti nus Decker, 


do. 


Abner Smith, May 20, 1778. 


Eichard Dodge, 


do. 


John Thayer, Jan. 1, 1777. 


William Frost, 


Feb. 5, 1777. 


George Tenegar, May 26, 1777. 


Henry Geraldeman, 


do. 


James Thornton. do. 


John Gibbons, 


do. 


Isaac Utter, Sen., Feb. 17, 1777. 


Caleb Glean, 


do. 


Isaac Utter, Jr., Feb. 20, 1777. 


Nathaniel Hollister, 


do. 


Gilbert Utter, do. 


John Harwood, 


do. 


Andrew Vantyning, Jan. 1, 1777. 


Griffin Jones, 


do. 


Peter Vermilyea, May 20, 1778. 


Prince Johnson, 


May 19,1778. 


Eichard Williams, May 11, 1777. 


Thomas Johnson, 


do. 


Eobert Waddel, May 26, 1777. 


Joseph Johnson, 


do. 


Eichard Williams, do. 


Paul Kiesley, 


do. 


Josiah Ward, do. 


Joshua Lake, 


Jan. 28, 1777. 


Gilbert Edwards, des. June 28, 1778. 


Evert Letz, 


April 13, 1777. 


Samuel Gardner, des. July 7, 1778. 


John Lounsbury, 


do. 


John B. Keyser, des. June 30, 1778. 


Henry Lewis, 


do. 


John Storm, deserted July 9, 1778. 


Benjamin Meynema, 


May 10, 1777. 





OF THE REVOLUTION ART WAR. 163 



SECOND COMPANY. 

James Stewart, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to the 
end of the war. 

Alexander McArthur, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Taken 
prisoner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 

John McClaughrey, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Taken pris 
oner at Fort Montgomery, October 6, 1777. * 

John Reid, Sergeant. Appointed January 1, 1777. 

John Lovett, Corporal. do. do. 

Privates who formed the Company, January 1, 1777. 



Walter Booker, 
Conrad Cunite, 
Daniel Carrigan, 
Volker Dow, 
Thomas Fitzgerald, 
James Gillasby, 
George Hasbrook, 
Samuel Hopper, 
James Humphrey, 
James Heller, 
Abraham Hepp, 



Daniel Monison, 
William Malcalf, 
Patrick Monow, 
Jeremiah Richie, 
Thomas Russell, 
Robert Robertson, 
John Stump, 
Thomas Smally, 
Joseph Smith, 
Isaac Samson. 



THIRD COMPANY. 



Amos Hutchings, Captain. I cannot get any information relative to the com 
mission of this Captain, nor -his service; but it appears he lost his life in 
the service June 23, 1778. 

Patton Jackson, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1777. Taken pris 
oner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 

John Furman, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Cap 
tured at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 

Seth Stalker, Sergeant. Appointed February 12, 1777. 
James Pride, do. do. August 12, 1776. 

Jasper Allen, Drummer. do. January 1, 1777. 
John Factor, Fifer. do. do. 

John Wilson, Corporal. do. do. 

Privates for Three Years from January 1, 1777. 



Samuel Langdon, 
Roger Latimore, 
Peter Hopper, 



John Rhoads, 
Philip Richards, 
Thomas Jones, 



164 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Joseph Jones, 
Benjamin Latemore, 
John Secor, 
Malatiah Weeks, 



John Wills, 
John Allison, 
Lawrence Bouker, 
John Allison, jun. 



FOURTH COMPANY. 

Philip De Bois Bevier, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served 

to the end of the war. 
Michael Connolly, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. On 

command at New Windsor in 1778. Served to the end of the war. 
Daniel Birdsall, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. On 

command at Wallkill, in 1778, after clothing, &c. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 



Ebenezer Burnett, Sergeant. 


Appointed December 10, 1776. 


James Hannah, do. 


do. April 6, 1777. 


Henry Hornbish, do. 


do. April 12, 1777. 


Jasper Prior, do. 


do. March 12, 1777. 


Joseph Case, Corporal. 


do. July 26, 1776. 


Nathan Tupper, do. 


do. January 1, 1777. 


William Pembroke, do. 


do. February 7, 1777. 


James Peresonus, do. 


do. February 27, 1777. 


William Whitehead, Drummer, do. December 1, 1776. 


William Cooke, Fifer. 


do. July 1, 1777. 





Privates for Three Years. 






Enlisted 


Enlisted 


William Bloomer, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Silas Leonard, 


June 21, 1778. 


John Blaws, 


Dec. 1, 1776. 


John McAnarny, 


Aug. 2, 1776. 


James Bishop, 


April 9, 1777. 


John McLean, 


Dec. 1, 1776. 


Asa Crawfoot, 


do. 


Kobert Milligan, 


do. 


Lemuel Chapman, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Joseph Mitchell, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Jacob Cline, 


Aug. 4, 1777. 


William Nelson, 


Mar. 11, 1777. 


Nehemiah Cheshire, 


do. 


Daniel Osben, 


June 26, 1776. 


Moses Dimond, 


Jan. 25, 1777. 


Jonathan Penny, sick at Newburg. 


William Dimond, 


do. 


William Kussell, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Daniel Flanagan, 


Aug. 28, 1777. 


William Kiston, 


do. 


John Fulton, 


Mar. 31,1*77. 


Thomas Shurkey, 


Dec. 1, 1776. 


John Hendrickson, 


Dec. 1, 1776. 


David Smith, jun., 


Feb. 7, 1777. 


Wm. Hankerson, 


Jan. 5, 1777. 


David Smith, sen., 


do. 


William Hollet, 


Jan. 17,1777. 


John Slouter, 


April 13, 1777. 


George Hollet, 


Jan. 18, 1777. 


Jesse Smith, 


do. 


Caleb Jewet, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Abraham Traverse, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Andrew Kyser, 


Aug. 4, 1777. 


Peter Til ton, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


John Kyser, 


do. 


Samuel Townsend, 


April 15, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



165 



Enlisted 

Absalom Townsend, April 15, 1777. 
Gysbert Vanderaark, Aug. 10, 1776. 
Abraham Wilson, Aug. 12, 1776. 
Henry Wilsey, Jan. 30, 1777. 



Enlisted 

Edward Welsh, May 19, 1777. 

Patrick Dirking, returned from 
captivity July 22, 1778. 



FIFTH COMPANY. 

Thomas Lee, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to June 23, 

1778, and either died or resigned. 
Henry Pawling, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776; taken 

prisoner October 6, 1777 ; promoted to Captain June 23, 1778. Served to 

the end of the war. 
Samuel English, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served 

to the end of the war. 
James Johnson, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776; promoted to 

Lieutenant. Served to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 



Corneles Tarbush, 
Isaac Lent, 
Kichard Hawkey, 
Corneles Vanderrnark, 
Peter Snyder, 
Francis Vantine, 
Nathaniel Banker, 
Samuel Hawell, 
David Gregg, 
Syles Horton, 
Elijah Parker, 



Sergeant. j 
do. 


ippoin 
do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Corporal, 
do. 


do. 
do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Drummer. 


do. 


Fifer. 


do. 



Appointed December 25, 1776. 
December 23, 1776. 
May 14, 1778. 
September 4, 1777. 
December 25, 1777. 
June 1, 1777. 
June 11, 1777. 
September 4, 1777. 
January 9, 1778. 
March 1, 1778. 
September 4, 1777. 



Privates for Three Years. 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Adam Brannon, 


April 5, 1777. 


Joseph Geones, 


April 20, 1776. 


Jeremiah Briggs, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


John Homer, 


Dec. 25, 1777. 


Josiah Buckby, 


do. 


Henry Hawkey, 


May 14, 1778. 


Samuel Curran, 


Nov. 16, 1776. 


Philip Kerbenger, 


May 4, 1776. 


John Coleman, 


Jan. 20, 1777. 


William Lane, 


Dec. 16, 1776. 


Isaac Danielson, 


Dec. 25, 1776. 


John Lockwood, 


July 1, 1777. 


Michael Fowler, 


May 6, 1778. 


Daniel Loder, 


do. 


Hezekiah Gregg, 


Dec. 26, 177G. 


Ebenezer Landers, 


April 5, 1777. 


Gideon Goodshed, 


Dec. 25, 1776. 


William Lawrence, 


Dec. 26, 1776. 


Michael Gvvin, 


Dec. 27, 1776. 


John McClarning, 


do. 


Samuel Goslin, 


July 1, 1777. 


Philip Muckeloony, 


April 27, 1778. 


Seth Gilbert, 


do. 


Jonathan Newman, 


May 4, 1778. 



166 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Joshua Philips, 


Dec. 16, 1776. 


Abraham Shear, 


Feb. 20, 1777. 


John Peck, 


Dec. 27, 1776. 


Nehemiah Sheroden, 


April 21, 1778. 


Matthias Randal, 


Dec. 28, 1776. 


John Talladay, 


Dec. 15, 1776. 


Daniel Robinson, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Joshua Tucker, 


do. 


Jacob Ramson, 


June 20, 1777. 


Robert Vantine, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


William Strait, 


Dec. 25, 1776. 


Garret Vanhuser, 


Dec. 26, 1777. 


Henry Strait, 


do. 


Joseph Vansant, 


June 25, 1777. 


Ezekiel Simmons, 


do. 


Isaac Vantine, 


May 15, 1778. 


Evarts Slawter, 


do. 


Titus Vanderdunk, 


May 13, 1777. 


Marvel Slutt, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Isaac Williams, 


Dec. 26, 1776. 


Abraham Skeet, 


May 1, 1778. 


Samuel Weed, 


do. 


Henry Scouten, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


James Wood, 


do. 


Thomas Smith, 


Feb. 28, 1777. 


John Whitehead, 


do. 


Abraham Sleet, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


Jacob West, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


George Shafer, 


Dec. 26, 1776. 







THE SIXTH COMPANY. 

Henry Goodwin, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; captured at Fort 
Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Solomon Pendleton, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Cap 
tured at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777, and was still a prisoner Decem 
ber 1, 1780. 

Ebenezer Motte, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 21, 1776; captured 
at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Abraham Leggett, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; captured at 
Fort Montgomery October 6, 1776. Served to the end of the war ; was 
made Lieutenant. 



Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 

Henry Schoonmaker, Sergeant. Returned from captivity July 22, 1778 

Jonathan Baylis, 

John Alaben, 

John Christy, 

Daniel Johnson, 

Joseph Anderson, 

David Goodwin, 



do. Appointed March 4, 1777. 
do. do. do. 

Corporal. do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 



do. 
do. 
Drummer. 



Privates for Three Years. 

Holmes Austin, 
Lemuel Bartlett, 
Jacob Craft, 
Nathan Dubois, 
Abraham Delancey, 



Joined March 4, 1777. 

Prince Danford, 
Peter Holmes, 
James Hunter, 
William Mooney, 
Abraham Mooney, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



167 



John Nicolls, 
Stephen Nicolls, 
Jeremiah Simpkins, 
Richard Stephens, 
Abraham Seymore, 



Elias Thompson, 
Jacob Tobias, 
Jacob Van Gelder, 
Frederick Wemire. 



THE SEVENTH COMPANY. 
John F. Ham tram ck, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to 

the end of the war. 
Francis Hanmer, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to 

the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Tears. 

William Barken, Sergeant. 

Benjamin Lawrence, do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 



Alexander Humphrey, 
Joseph Pribble, 
John Wandell, 
William Sole, 
John Hains, Drummer. 
Thomas Eussell, Fifer. 



Appointed April 23, 1777. 
Deserted July 22, 1778. 



Appointed June 14, 1777. 
do. do. 

do. Feb. 21, 1778. 



Privates for Nine Months from June 14, 1778. 

Eussel Brockaway. Emanuel Heneky. 

John Babcock. Elisha Millard. 

Elisha Berry. Ephraim Quan. 

Ebenezer Cummins. John Kipley. 

Ephraim Eaton. James Slaven. 

Moses Gee. James Shaw. 

Joshua Griffin. Obadiah Thorn. 

Jeremiah Griffith. William Selle. 

John Hasom. Joseph Vanote. 

THE EIGHTH COMPANY. 

John Johnson, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to the 

end of the war. 
Henry W. Vandeburg, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 21, 1776. Served 

to the end of the war. 

James Betts, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. 
Henry J. Vandeburg, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. 



Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 

John Furdon, Sergeant. 
Levi Watson, do. 

Versal Dickinson, do. 
James Taller, do. 



Samuel Combes, Corporal. 
Peter Combes, do. 
Joshua Hunt, Drummer. 
James Ransom, Fifer. 



108 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Privates for Three Years. 



James Betts, Jr., 
Amos Beach, 
John Bonker, 
James Bishop, 
Ambrose Benedict, 
Bartholomew Bonker, 
John Gulp, 
John Combes, 
Amos Denton, 
Jacob Eakby, 
James Forgason, 
James Gready, 
William Hews, 
Henry House, 



Jonathan Oakley 
Thomas Palmerton, 
John Pepper, 
Jonathan Rose, 
James Russell, 
Robert Sweet, 
George Thomas, 
Jacob Wilbur, 
Stephen Wheeler, 
Ichabod Wilbur, 
Stephen Smith, 

John Chamberlain, Sergeant, return 
ed from captivity, July 22, 1778. 



NAMES, RANK, &c., OF COLONEL PETER GANSEVOORT S COMPANY IN 
THE THIRD NEW YORK REGIMENT, AS IT STOOD IN WINTER QUAR 
TERS, AT ALBANY, FROM DEC. 1, 1778, TO MARCH 15, 1779. 

Peter Gansevoort, Colonel. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to the 

end of the war, from 1781, under a commission from the State of New York. 

Died July 2, 1812. 
George Sylez, Captain-lieutenant, Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served 

during the war. 
Peter Magee, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Promoted to Lieu 

tenant. Served to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 

Robert Weldon, Sergeant-major. 

Francis Jackson, Quartermaster s Sergeant. 

Conradt Friday, Drummer. 

Andrew Gardiner, Fife-major. Appointed January 1, 1777. 

Daniel Dawson, Fifer. 

Appointed January 1, 1777. 

do. April 24, 1777. 

do. December 6, 1776. 

do. December 1, 1776. 



Sylvan us Seely, Sergeant. 
Jonathan Hunter, do. 
Samuel Gilbert, Corporal. 
Nathaniel Meeker, do. 
Daniel Owens, do. 



do. 



do. 



Privates for Three Years. 

Peter Anthony, I Nicholas Bo vie, 

John Anthony, John Borden, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 



169 



Eliphalet Cassells, 




Lancaster Lighthall 


i 


Benjamin Cowdry, 




John McFarlin, 




Joseph Demont, 




James Patterson, 




Thomas Gregg, 




John Eoss, 




John Goodeourage, 




Solomon Smith, 




Adam Harter, 




John Thompson, 




William Harvey, 




John Van Sice, 




John Hurley, 




Eoger Wabby, 




Frederick Huffner, 




Joseph White, 




Christian Kiesburg, 




Francis Willet, 




James Lighthall, 




Michael Zeaster. 




Enlisted 


Enlisted 


John Burke, June 9, 


1777. 


Eli Pixley, Jan. 


1, 1777. 


Sylvanus Craddock, July 5, 


1777. 


Chalken Pratt, Dec. 


18, 1776. 


William Grumsby, Dec. 3, 


1776. 


Eichard Eobertson, Dec. 


1, 1776. 


Hendrick Hines, Jan. 5, 


1779. 


Samuel Shirts, Jan. 


1, 1777. 


Jonathan Klock, Jan. 1, 


1777. 


Samuel Suller, Dec. 


17, 1776. 


Bartley Murray, Dec. 1, 


1776. 


William Whitham, Jail. 


1, 1777. 


Edward Parker, Dec. 29, 


1776. 


Nicholas Loux. Jan. 


29, 1779. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TERMS OF SERVICE OF 
THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF CAPTAIN CORNELIUS T. JANSEN S 
COMPANY, BELONGING TO COLONEL PETER GANSEVOQRT S NEW 
YORK REGIMENT, FROM NOVEMBER 21, 1776, TO JANUARY 1, 1781, 
WHEN IT ENCAMPED AT FORT EDWARD. 

Cornelius T. Jansen, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to 
the end of the war. 

Nanning Vanderheyden, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. 
At Fort Schuyler, June 1, 1778, on duty. 

Moses Yeornans, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Sent 
on the recruiting service from April 1, 1778. 

Benjamin Bogardus, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Trans 
ferred to the Major s Company, August 1, 1780. 

Josiah Bagley, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Promoted to Lieu 
tenant, January 7, 1780. Transferred to the Major s Company. Served 
during the war. 

John Spoor, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. On command at 
Stillwater, May 19, 1779. 

Jeremiah Van Eensselaer, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. On 
furlough at Albany from January 9 to July 5, 1780. Acted as Paymaster in 
1780. Transferred to the Lieutenant-colonel s Company. Promoted to 
Lieutenant, and served to the end of the war. 



170 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Non-commissioned Officers for During the War. 

Samuel Abby, Sergeant. Appointed February 6, 1777. 

John Burkaus, do. do. May 13, 1777. 

Alexander McDougall, do. do. February 26, 1777. 

Jacob Sax, do. do. November 27, 1777. 
(Took the place of John Burkaus, who was promoted to Ensign, Feb. 17, 177&J) 

Benjamin Wearing, Corporal. Appointed November 27, 1776. 

Christian Shriver, do. do. do. 

Joseph Ladd, do. do. do. 

Nathan Upright, Drummer. do. February 16, 1777. 

John McKinsey, Fifer. do. November 29, 1776. 

Privates for During the War. 

Peter Adley, 

Henry Ademy, 

Joseph Bailey, 

George Blawer, 

John Black, 

John Briggs, 

Nicholas Cassady, 

John Corragill, 

Francis Crarnbury, 

Joseph Evans, 

William Gifford, 

Thomas Herrett, 

John Limbaker, 

John Miles, 

Christopher Mentz, 

Cornelius McDermott, Dec. 

Christopher Queen, 

Albert Eose r 

Joseph Russell, 

Isaac Seamans, 

Christian Shriver, 

Jacob Shyler, 

George Upright, 

John Wallace, 

Joel Freaze, 

(Deserted Dec. 2, 1776.) 
John Vandank, 

(Deserted Feb. 17, 1777.) 
Jesse Hoft, 

(Deserted Feb.- 26, 1777.) 



Enlisted 


Enlisted 


Feb. 19, 1777. 


John McHenry, Feb. 26, 1777. 


Nov. 29, 1776. 


(Deserted Feb. 27, 1777.) 


Dec, 10, 1776. 


Joseph Hughes, Feb. 22,1777. 


Nov. 12, 1776. 


(Died Mar. 9, 1777.) 


Feb. 18, 1776. 


Alexander Campbell, April 5, 1777. 


Nov. 12, 1776. 


(Deserted April 13, 1777.) 


Mar. 13, 1777. 


Ephraim Seamans, Dec. 2, 1776. 


April 8, 1777. 


(Deserted April 26, 1777.) 


Mar. 8, 1777. 


Adam Dornberry, June 16, 1777. 


Nov. 12, 1776. 


(Deserted June 22, 1777.) 


Dec. 2, 1776. 


Pervis Austin, Feb. 23, 1777. 


Nov. 28, 1776. 


(Discharged July 19, 1777, by 


Feb. 25, 1777. 


General Sehuyler.) 


Dec. 2, 1776. 


James Cansman, April 18, 1777. 


Jan. 5, 1777. 


(Deserted April 26, 1777.) 


,Dec. 1,1776. 


Stephen Tuttle, Mar. 22, 1777. 


Nov. 12, 1776. 


(Discharged by the Muster- 


April 4, 1777. 


master as unfit.) 


Nov. 12, 1776. 


Barnhart Minnick, June 31, 1779. 


Nov. 28, 1776. 


Uriah Owens, Mar. 21, 177&. 


Nov. 12, 1776. 


Timothy Canfield, April 18, 1778. 


Feb. 26, 1777. 


James Fowls, Dec. 8, 1776. 


April 19, 1777. 


Arthur Hurley, April 3, 1778. 


Feb. 20, 1777. 


Evert Lansing, Jan. 12, 1777. 


Dec. 1, 1776. 


Moses Lent, April 25, 1778. 


776.) 


Kobert Eyon, April 11, 1778. 


Feb. 16, 1777. 


James Sheels, Feb. 28, 1777. 


1777.) 


Esau Wilbur, April 30, 1778. 


Feb. 25, 1777. 


Henry Weaver, Nov. 26, 1776. 


1777.) 


John Forrigh, Nov. 27,. 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



171 



Hercules Lent, 
Kobert Leonard, 
Charles Bennet, 



Mar. 27, 1778. 
May 30, 1778. 
May 5, 1779. 



Perry Bennet, 
Ephraim Blawer, 



Enlisted 
May 9, 1779. 
Mar. 17, 1780. 



Discharged Men, &c. 



Nicholas Cassady, discharged March 13, 1780. 

George Upright, do. April 16, 1780. 

Joseph Evans, prisoner with the enemy April 16, 1780. 

John Limbaker, wagoner with the army. 

Samuel Abby, died October 5, 1780. 

Jacob Sax, discharged November 27, 1780. 

Timothy Canfield, on a horse-guard in Dutchess county, in December, 1780. 

Joseph Edes, in the Armory in Albany, December, 1780. 

Henry Weaver, transferred to the Major s Company July 13, 1780. 

James Mulholland, do. do. do. 

Isaac Yeomans, do. do. do. 

Esau Wilbur, died August 7, 1780. 

John Pitman, died January 9, 1780. 

Evert Lancing, discharged January 12, 1780. 

James Sheels, do. February 8, 1780. 

Nathan Upright, do. February 16, 1780. 

John Wallace, do. February 18, 1780. 

Alexander McDougall, do. February 26, 1780. 

George Blawers, do. February 10, 1780. 

William Gifford, do. do. 

Francis Crambury, taken prisoner August 24, 1778. 

Hercules Lent, discharged November 3, 1778. 

This company was at Fort Schuyler in 1777 and 1778, and bravely defended 
it against St. Leger ; at Saratoga in March, 1779 ; at Albany from December, 
1778, to May, 1779 ; at Canajoharie in June, 1779 ; at the camp near Morris- 
town in the winter of 1779 and spring of 1780 ; at the Highlands of the Hudson 
July, 1780; and in winter-quarters at Fort Edward, January 1, 1781. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND OTHER NOTES OF COL. 
JOHN LAMB S REGIMENT OF NEW YORK ARTILLERY, FROM JAN. 
1, 1777, TO MARCH 4, 1779. 

John Lamb, Colonel. Commissioned January 1, 1777. Served to the end of 

the war. 
Eleazer Oswald, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned January 1, 1777. Left the 

service in July, 1778, soon after the battle of Monmouth. 



172 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Isaac Hubbell, Adjutant. Commissioned April 1, 1777. 

"William Fenno, Quartermaster, do. March 5, 1777. 

John Button Crimshier, Paymaster, do. July 1, 1777. 

Caleb Austin, Surgeon s Mate. do. January 1, 1777. 

Anthony Post, Captain of Artificers, do. do. 

Garret Brower, Lieut, of Artificers. do. do. 

Samuel Johnson, Foreman. do. do. 



COMPANY No. 1. 

Andrew Moodie, Captain. Commissioned January 1, 1777. Served to the end 

of the war. 

Daniel Gano, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned January 1, 1777. 
Joseph Ashton, Lieutenant. Unknown. 
George Lecraft, do. do. 

Andrew McFarlane, Sergeant, do. 
Cornelius Swartwout, Lieutenant. Supernumerary in 1778. 

Wm. Buchanan, Bombard r. Unkn. 

John Hammond, do. do. 

Hugh Crocast, do. do. 

Thomas Preston, Gunner. do. 

Eobert English, do. do. 

John Sullivan, do. do. 

Alexander McKoy, do. do. 

John Patterson, do. do. 

Cornelius Vanderhof, Drum r. do. 

James Pembrook, Fifer. 



Thomas Kelton, 


Sergeant. 


Unkn. 


Abel Pettie, 


do. 


do. 


Thomas Vallanci 


:, do. 


do. 


Thomas Munro, 


do. 


do. 


Moses Latta, 


do. 


do. 


Edward Hayne, 


do. 


do. 


"William Nichols 


, Corporal. 


do. 


Israel Smith, 


do. 


do. 


James J. Slack, 


do. 


do. 


Hugh Lindsey, 


Bombardier. 


do. 



Matrosses. 



John Rhodes, 
David Hanmore, 
Eobert Wigham, 
James Van Garder, 
Alexander Moffit, 
John Douglas, 
William Graham, 
James Sherer, 
William Swan, 
Thomas Griffith, 
Hugh McCall, 
John Kelly, 
Francis Postle, 
Patrick Connell, 
David Corben, 



Thomas Thorp, 
Alexander Young, 
Samuel Miller, 
William Cunningham, 
Christopher Medler, 
James Brown, 
David Pembrook, 
James Little, 
John Decker, 
William Darby, 
Hugh Pauley, 
John Garnett, 
Gideon Chase, 
John Decker, 
James Boyd, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



173 



COMPANY No. 2. 

Gershom Mott, Captain. Commissioned January 1, 1777. Served to the end 

of the war. 

Joseph Thomas, Captain-lieutenant. 
Isaac Hubbell, Lieutenant. 
I^aac-Guion, do. 

Francis Shaw, do. 



Commissioned January 1, 1777. 



do. 
do. 
do. 



Peter Woodward, do. 
Jos. Van Emburg, Sergeant. Unkn. 
Lewis Felton, Corporal. do. 

Samuel Longley, Drummer. do. 
Michael Kockford, Fifer. do. 

James Johnston, Bombardier, do. 



do. 

February 1, 1777. 
February 1, 1777. Resign 
ed February 10, 1779. 
do. February 1, 1777. 
John Eowen, Bombardier. Unknown, 
John Eevere, do. do. 

John Mahony, Gunner. do. 

Joseph Emerson, do. do. 

Joshua Bishop, do. do. 



Matrasses for Three Years. 



William Eobertson, 
Jesse Brown, 
Joseph Vericul, 
John Sunderlin, 
Thomas Kerney, 
John Cogan, 
Robert Fowler, 
Jacob Wilsie, 
Jacob Hicks, 
John David, 



Abraham Myers, 
John Youkse, 
John Russell, 
Ambrose Laddow, 
George Bishop, 
Robert Richardson, 
David Storm, 
George Harris, 
Abraham Dutcher, 
John Smith. 



COMPANY No. 3, FROM JANUARY 1, 



Samuel Lockwood, Captain. 
Henry Waring, Capt. Lieut. 
James Brewster, Lieutenant. 
Stephen Ailing, do. 
Samuel Whiting, do. 
Jeremiah Finch, Sergeant. 
Charles Knapp, do. 
Edward Rich, do. 

John Townd, do. 

Elijah Tilden, Corporal. 
Jared Lockwood, do. 



Joseph Travers, Corporal. 
William Waters, do. 
Thomas Winters, Bombardier. 
Israel Henna, do. 

Hercules Wissells, do. 
Timothy Lockwood, Drummer. 
Joseph Fletcher, Gunner. 
Medd. Marshal], do. 
Abraham Haise, do. 
Samuel Johnson, do. 



Matrossesfor Three Years. 

Samuel Knapp, David Lockwood, 

Peter Betts, James Vissels, 

John Burley, Samuel Finch, 

Jonathan Adams, Theodorus Parsons, 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Eeed, 
Justus Whitney, 
Nathaniel Holmes, 
Moses Lockwood, 
Elijah Whiting, 
Elijah Meed, 
David Slater, 



Joseph Goreham, 
Samuel Meed, 
Daniel Adams, 
Isaac Davis, 
William Townd, 
Edmund Swaney, 
Thomas Sanders, 



COMPANY No. 4, FROM JANUARY 1, 1777. 



Bobert Walker, Captain. 
Samuel Welb, Capt. Lieut. 
James Hughes, 2d Lieut. 
William Hubbell, do. 
John Benjamin, Sergeant. 
Samuel Stowe, do. 

John Smyth, do. 

Enos Jones Prindle, Corporal. 



John Peet, Corporal. 
Jeremiah Eyne, Bombardier. 
Jesse Smyth, do. 

Richard Williams, Gunner. 
Joshua Hinkley, do. 
Samuel Wakelin, do. 
John Wilcox, Drummer. 
Joseph Ransford, Fifer. 



Matrosses for Three Years. 



Ebenezer Hastings, 
Matthew St. John, 
Samuel L. Brooks, 
Peter Garrison, 
Eli Nichols, 
Henry Cutler, 
David Barlow, 
Robert Simmons, 



COMPANY No. 5, FROM 

Jonathan Brown, Captain. 

Ephraim Fenno, Capt. Lieut. 

Caleb Brewster, First-lieutenant. 
Severely wounded in the service. 
Congress, per act llth August, 
1790, allowed him $348.57 for ex 
penses, and $16 2 /3 per month for 
pension, provided he refund his 
"commutation. 

Oliver Lawrence, Second-lieutenant. 

William Cebra, do. 

Timothy Mix, Sergeant, 

do. 



David Clark, 
Charles Veck, 
Isaac Fish, 
Kiel Peck, 
Gabriel Leverish, 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Eliakim White, 
Benjamin Dean, 
Benoni Gardner, 
Stephen Mix, 
Andrew Porter, 
John Clark, 
David Sellick, 
Kobert Morris. 

JANUARY 1, 1777. 

William Heacock, Corporal. 
Solomon Barnes, do. 

Yale Todd, do. 

Elias Willcocks, do. 

Edmund Parker, do. 

Cornelius Bracket, Bombardier. 



Samuel Pribble, 
Timothy Wilmot, 
Benjamin Smith, 
Abraham Barns, 
Zebulon Benton, 
Isaac Foot, 
Walter Wilrnott, 
David Stone, 
Obadiah Hill, 



do. 
do. 
do. 

Gunner, 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Jesse Peck, Drummer and Fifer. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



175 



Matrasses for Three Years. 

Isaac Cooper, ] Thaddeus Barns, 

Samuel Champion, Thomas Rumbloo, 

Samuel Frasier, Samuel Squires, 

Abel Jacobs, Taber Smith, 

Ebenezer Lines, James Thomas, 

James Moody, John Twitchell, 

John Pierpont, Gideon Webb, 

Elmore Eussell, Stephen Whelton, 

Patrick Snow, Abel Mallet, 

Samuel Turney, Joel WilmotL 



COMPANY No 6, FROM JANUARY 1, 



Josiah Wool, Captain, 
William Stevens, Capt. Lieut. 
Elisha Harvey, 2d Lieut. 
Amariah Vose, Sergeant. 
Cornelius Stagg, do. 
Samuel Pearsons, Gunner. 



William Thompson, Gunner. 
John Day, Matross. 
James Silve, do. 

William Bacon, do. 
Thomas Shehan, do. 
Amos Eastwood, do. 



COMPANY No. 7, FROM JANUARY 1, 1777. 



Theodore Thomas Bless, Captain. 

Served to the end of the war. 
Thomas Machin, Capt. Lieut. 
Thomas Gee, Sergeant 

James McGuffie, do. 

John Buchanan, do. 

Joseph Haktead, do. 



James McBride, CorporaL 
Daniel Thorn, do. 

William McBride, Bombardier. 
Peter States, do. 

James Scofield, do. 

John Marphy, Gunner. 

William Ockennan, do. 



Matrasses. 



George Clark, 
John Cunningham, 
Enos Hegerdy, 
Samuel Woodruff, 



James Whitmore, 
Jeremiah Randall, 
Israel Coleman, 
John Nelson. 



NAMES AND RANK OF CAPTAIN ANTHONY POST S ARTIFICERS AT 
TACHED TO COLONEL JOHN LAMB S NEW YORK ARTILLERY, BY 
ORDER OF BRIGADIER-GENERAL KNOX, JANUARY 1, 1777. 

Anthony Post, Captain. 
Garret Brower, Lieutenant. Samuel Johnson, Foreman. 



176 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Privates. 



David Shaddel, 


Isaac Townson, 


Abraham Brower, 


Thomas Willys, 


Thomas Dolphin," 


Abiathar Elmore, 


Thomas Harrison, 


Ashbel Fox, 


Thomas Whitmon, 


Nathaniel Holmes, 


Ebenezer Byrom, 


Woodbridge Balcher, 


Joseph Clark, 


Abraham Forster, 


Abel Burgess, 


Zechariah Forstei, 


Azariah Willis, 


Cotton Dickinson, 


John Bachelder, 


Nathan Field, 


Benjamin Fuller, 


Sylvanus Waters, 


Oliver Chapman, 


David Knapp, 


Jonathan Bills, 


Jeremiah Randall, 


Abner Burrows, 


Amos Lockwood, 


Silas Huntington, 


Jonathan Childs, 


Timothy White, 


John Pollard, 


Theodore Burnham, 


Benjamin Hatch, 


Moses Boynton, 


John Wild, 


Eleazer Burnett, 


Benjamin Gilman, 


Nathan Burrows, 


Elihu Cook, 


William Walker, 


Amariah Cushman, 


Moses Samson, 


Ephraim Dunlap, 


Consider Chapman, 


Edward Allen, 


Job Eaton, 


Alexander Mills, 


Samuel White, 


Edward Lockwood. 



NAMES OF CAPTAIN GERSHOM MOTT S COMPANY OF COLONEL Joim 
LAMB S ARTILLERY, AS IT STOOD AT PLUCKAMIN, MARCH 4,1779. 

Gershom Mott, Captain. On furlough. 

Joseph Thomas, Captain-lieutenant. 

Isaac Hubbell, First-lieutenant. 

Isaac Gion, Second-lieutenant. 

Peter Woodward, do. do. On command. 

Joseph Van Emburg, Sergeant. Appointed March 18, 1777. 

Eobert Britt, do. 

Nathaniel Higgins, do. 

Joseph Emerson, do. 

Jesse Brown, Corporal. 

William Nelnit, do. 

John Kevere, Bombardier. Appointed March 18, 1777. 

Joshua Bishop, Gunner. do. February 22, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAE. 



177 



Gabriel Bishop Matross. 

Abraham Dutcher, do. 

John David, do. 

Jacob Hicks, do. 

Ambrose Laddow, do. 

Abraham Myer, do. 

John Russell, do. 

Robert Richardson, do. 

Jacob Wilsie, do. 

John Yurkse, do. 

John Mahony, 
William Robertson, 
John Sunderlin, 
Joseph Varicul, 



Appointed February 22, 1777. 
do. September 3, 1777. 
do. September 23, .1777. 
do. February 24, 1777. 
do. February 25, 1777. 
do. February 24, 1777. 
do. do. 

do. August 21, 1777. 
do. July 22, 1777. 
do. July 24, 1777. 

Samuel Langley, Drummerj 

John Cogan, 

Richard Dale, 

Joseph Hunt. 



NAMES, RANK, &c., OF CAPTAIN WINTHROP SARGENT S COMPANY 
OF ARTILLERY BELONGING TO THE REGIMENT COMMANDED BY 
COLONEL JOHN CRANE OF MASSACHUSETTS, AS IT STOOD Nov. 
1, 1778. 

Winthrop Sargent, Captain. Stationed on Quaker Hill. 

Daniel Parker, Captain-lieutenant. Resigned October 25, 1778. 

James Hall, First-lieutenant. 

John Cooper, Second-lieutenant. 

Joseph Bliss, Second-lieutenant. Annexed to Capt. Sargent Oct. 1, 1778, and 

on command at Providence, R. I. 

Samuel Bass, Second-lieutenant. Transferred to Capt. Eustis October 1, 1778. 
Reuben Jagger, Sergeant. 

William Young, do. Appointed May 19, 1778. 
John Tucker, Corporal. do. May 15, 1777. 

Nathaniel Bo wen, Corporal. Annexed to Captain Sargent November 1, 1778. 

On command at Providence. 
John Rusher, Corporal. Appointed November 23, 1777. Transferred to Capt. 

Eustis November 1, 1778. 

Nathan Fuller, Gunner. Appointed March 29, 1777. 
John Sanders, Drummer. do. June 7, 1777. 

Temple de Corsta, Fifer. do. March 11, 1777. 



Matrosses. 



Cornelius Bergen, 
Thomas Bagnell, 



Enlisted 
April 16, 1777. 
May 24, 1778. 



David Austin, 
William Burt, 



Enlisted 
Unknown, 
do. 



178 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted 


Enlisted 


Justin Boice. Annexed to Captain 


Michael Kirklin, 


Unknown. 


Sargent Nov. 1, 1778. 


Peter Le Baugh, 


Jan. 24, 1778. 


Philip Brooks, Mar. 2, 1778. 


John Neale, 


Unknown. 


Lewis Carra, Jan. 18, 1778. 


Ephraim Kidlen, 


May 13, 1777. 


Nicholas Le Clair, Mar. 24, 1778. 


Peter Eosier, 


Mar. 28, 1778. 


Mark Le Carra, Jan. 18, 1778. 


John Diott, 


Jan. 18, 1778. 


Peter David, Nov. 1, 1778. 


Joseph Fiott, 


Nov. 1,1778. 


John Gillon, Unknown. 


Samuel Vickory, 


Unknown. 


Jacob Germon, do. 


Elijah Vickory, 


do. 


John Gillard, do. 


William Young, 


do. 


Bartholomew Hurley, do. 


John Hamilton, 


do. 


John Hooper, May 13, 1777. 


John Stewart, 


do. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OF ENLISTMENT 
OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF CAPT. BERNARD ROMANS 
PENNSYLVANIA ARTILLERY, FROM FEB. 8, 1776, TO Nov. 28, 1776, 

WHEN ENCAMPED AT TlCONDEROGA. 

Bernard Eomans, Captain. Commissioned February 8, 1776. 

Gibbs Jones, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned February 9, 1776. Promoted 
to Captain Nov. 9, 1776, in Major Stevens corps, N. Y. 

Matthew Whitlow, First-lieutenant. Commissioned February 14, 1776. Ee- 
signed May 15, 1776. 

Nathaniel Donnell, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned March 25, 1776 ; pro 
moted May 15, 1776, to First-lieutenant ; promoted Nov. 10, 1776, to Cap 
tain in Major Stevens corps. 

Thomas Barr, Third-lieutenant. Commissioned March 28, 1776. Promoted to 
2d lieutenant May 15, 1776, and ordered on command with Gen. Schnyler. 

John Druitt, Third-lieutenant. Commissioned May 15, 1776. Dismissed July 
30, 1776. 

Andrew Caldwell, Third-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 6, 1776. 

John Druitt, Conductor. Appointed March 25, 1776. Promoted to Lieutenant 
May 15, 1776. 

Andrew Culdwell, Conductor. Appointed May 15, 1776. Promoted to Lieu 
tenant November 6, 1776. 

Andrew Foster, Sergeant. Appointed February 9, 1776. 

Benjamin Whitlow, Sergeant. Appointed Feb. 9, 1776. Discharged May 27, 1776. 

John Melchoir Adam. Sergeant. Appointed Feb. 11, 1776. 

John Martin Ludwick, Sergeant. Appointed Feb. 18, 1776. 

Adam Handell, Sergeant. Appointed May 27, 1777. Eeduced to Corpora 
August 24, 1776. 

James Turbett, Sergeant. Appointed August 24, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 179 

Andrew Caldwell, Sergeant. Appointed May 4, 1776. 

Joseph Buffinghain, Corporal. Appointed Feb. 14, 1776. Deserted Aprils, 1776. 

John Brookins, Corporal. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. 

Andrew Caldweli, Corporal. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. Promoted to Sergeant 
May 4, 1776. 

Adam Handell, Corporal. Appointed Feb. 11, 1776. Promoted to Sergeant 
May 27, 1776. 

George Moore, Corporal, Appointed April 8, 1776. Deserted to the enemy 
June 19, 1776. 

Isaac Collard, Corporal. Appointed May 29, 1776. 

John Chambers, Corporal. Appointed July 6, 1776. Died Aug. 20, 1776. 

James Turbett, Corporal. Appointed July 6, 1776. Promoted to Sergeant Au 
gust 6, 1776. 

James Hooper, Corporal. Appointed Aug. 24, 1776. 

James Hooper, Bombardier. Appointed Feb. 10, 1776. Promoted to Corporal 
Aug. -24, 1776. 

John Harman, Bombardier. Appointed Feb. 18, 1776. Joined Capt. Donnell s 
Company Nov. 21, 1776. 

Isaac Collard, Bombardier, Appointed Feb. 19, 1776. Promoted to Corporal 
May 29, 1776. 

James Turbett, Bombardier. Appointed May 15, 1776. Promoted to Corporal 
July 6, 1776. 

John Chambers, Bombardier. Appointed March 12, 1776. Promoted to Cor 
poral July 6, 1776. 

John Creed, Bombardier. Appointed May 26, 1776. Drummed out July 6, 1776. 

James Wiltsey, Bombardier. Appointed May 29, 1776. Joined Capt Donnell 
Nov. 11, 1776. 

Jedediah Lippineott, Bombardier. Appointed August 24, 1776. Sick in camp 
Nov. 28, 1776. 

James Dowling, Bombardier. Appointed Oct. 1, 1776. 

Philip Sullivan, Bombardier. Appointed April 8, 1776. Deserted to the ene 
my June 19, 1776. 

James Creed, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 15, 1776. Promoted to Bombardier 
May 26, 1776. 

William Dutton, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 15, 1776. Deserted to the enemj 
June 17, 1776. 

William Stephens, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 18, 1776. 

James Turbett, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. Promoted to Bombardier 
May 15, 1776. 

John Nesselrode, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. Deserted May 20, 1776. 

Ludwick Hoofer, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. 

Paul Hausman, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 22, 1776. Deserted May 20, 1776. 

Eliakim Stoops, Gunner. Appointed March 1, 1776. 

Jedediah Lippineott, Gunner. Appointed March 3, 1776. Advanced to Bom 
bardier Aug. 24, 1776. 

William Reynolds, Gunner. Appointed March 7, 1776. Deserted April 9, 1776. 



180 OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 

James Dowling, Gunner. Appointed March 26, 1776. Advanced to Bombafd- 

ier Oct. 1, 1776. 

Archibald McGinnis, Gunner. Appointed April 18, 1776. 
John Cockle, Gunner. Appointed Oct. 1, 1776. Joined Capt. Donnell Nov. 

11, 1776. 

Patrick McDermott, Gunner. Appointed Oct. 1, 1776. 

William Campbell, Fifer. Appointed April 13, 1776. Deserted April 22, 1776. 
John Spencer, Fifer. Appointed May 12, 1776. Taken away by Col. Maxwell 

June 20, 1776. 

John Burchell, Drummer. Appointed Feb. 10, 1776. 

James Simpson, Drummer. Appointed March 28, 1776. Deserted April 9, 1776. 
William Loudon, Drummer. Appointed May 11, 1776. Joined Capt. Donnell 

Nov. 11, 1776. 

M a trosses. 

Christopher Bugley, enlisted May 13, 1776. Taken away by Capt. Keese June 

1, 1776. 

Thomas Britt, enlisted March 25, 1776. Deserted April 9, 1776. 
James Campbell, enlisted May 4, 1776. Died Nov. 26, 1776. 
John Carroll, enlisted May 7, 1776. Deserted June 4, 1776. 
John Clark, enlisted May 7, 1776. Deserted June 9, 1776. 
John Cockle, enlisted April 13, 1776. Advanced to Gunner Oct. 1, 1776. 
Baltus Collins, enlisted April 8, 1776. Discharged Sept. 1, 1776. 
Michael Conlon, enlisted Feb. 10, 1776. Killed or captured June 20, 1776. 
John Crone, enlisted March 4, 1776. Discharged Sept. 10, 1776. 
William Debow, enlisted Feb. 20, 1776. Died Nov. 24, 1776. 
John Falkender, enlisted May 4, 1776. Missing June 6, 1776. 
James Farrell, enlisted Feb. 20, 1776. Killed or captured June 20, 1776. 
George Gardiner, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Kichard Gesper, enlisted Feb. 10, 1776. Discharged Oct. 1, 1776. 
John Granger, enlisted May 5, 1776. Joined Capt. Donnell Nov. 18, 1776. 
John Green, enlisted May 4, 1776. Deserted Nov. 12, 1776, but captured by 

Col. Patterson. 

Adam Handell, enlisted August 24, 1776. 
John Harris, enlisted March 3, 1776. Deserted April 5, 1776. 
William Halton, enlisted March 4, 1776. On command at Philadelphia. 
Martin Heindler, enlisted April 3, 1776. Deserted July 20, 1776. 
John Hindman, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

William Hollis, enlisted April 5, 1776. Died May 31, 1776. 
James Hurley, enlisted Feb. 20, 1776. 

Cornelius Keaton, enlisted May 13, 1776. Died Sept. 16, 1776. 
Frank Leland, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Patrick McDermott, enlisted March 26, 1776. Advanced to Gunner Oct. 1, 1770. 
Archibald McGinnis, enlisted Feb. 25, 1776. Advanced to Gunner Apr. 18, 1776, 
John McCoy, enlisted Feb. 19, 1776. Joined Capt. Donnel Nov. 11, 1776. 
Michael McNulty, enlisted March 26, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



181 



Martin Norwich, enlisted April 4, 1776. 

John Philips, enlisted May 26, 1776. Drummed out July 6, 1776. 

Frederick Powell, enlisted April 5, 1776. Discharged Nov. 25, 1776. 

James Powers, enlisted Feb. 15, 1776. 

Abraham Preble, enlisted Feb. 10, 1776. Discharged June 6, 1776. 

Hopkins Rice, enlisted March 24, 1776. Deserted April 22, 1776. 

Hugh Eobbins, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Benjamin Robinson, enlisted May 5, 1776. Deserted June 28, 1776. 

John Rode, enlisted March 25, 1776. Deserted April 22, 1776. 

Daniel Shanlee, enlisted Feb. 16, 1776. Died July 6, 1776. 

Matthew Shipe, enlisted Feb. 25, 1776. 

Robert Smith, enlisted Feb. 20, 1776. 

John Sutherland, enlisted April 25, 1776. Died Sept. 24, 1776. 

Nicholas Thomas, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Henry Welsh, enlisted March 7, 1776. 

George Weymer, enlisted March 26, 1776. Deserted April 22, 1776. 

Anthony Weaver, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Martin Yeost, enlisted, May 4, 1776. 

Michael Young, enlisted Feb. 19, 1776. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OF ENLISTMENT 
OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF CAPT. JOHN NELSON S COM 
PANY OF PENNSYLVANIA RIFLEMEN IN THE REGIMENT COMMAND 
ED BY COL. JOHN PHILIP DE HAAS, AS IT STOOD FROM JA#. 30 
TO Nov. 30, 1776. 

John Nelson, Captain. Commissioned January 30, 1776. 

William Oldharn, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 30, 1776. 

Adam Ott, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned .January 30, 1776. 

Robert McCullam, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 30, 1776. Re 
signed July 12, 1776. 

Joseph Archer, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned July 12, 1776. 

Richard Price, Sergeant. Appointed February 15, 1776. Died at Fort George, 
October 30, 1776. 

Appointed February 7, 1776. 



Thomas Hartley, Sergeant. 

Andrew Smith, do. do. 

Robert McKown, do. do. 

John Carr, do. do. 

Edward Preston, Corporal. do. 

Joseph Bonner, do. do. 

Jesse Brown, do. do. 

John Fugate, do. do. 



February 9, 1776; 

February 7, 1776. 

October 30, 1776. 

February 15, 1776. Died Sept. 20, 1776. 

February 22, 1776. 

February 21, 1776. 

February 13, 1776. 



182 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Carr, Corporal. Appointed September 21, 1776. Promoted Octo 

ber 31, 1776, to Sergeant. 
Thos. Nelson, sen., do. do. October 31, 1776. 



Privates. 



Enlisted 

Francis Bower, Feb. 19, 1776. 

Thomas Bird, Feb. 28, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
Kobert Brooks, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
Edward Bradley, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Sick in hospital.) 
Barnet Campbell, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Sick in hospital.) 

James Caldwell, Feb. 18, 1776. 

John Cunningham, Feb. 17, 1776. 

(Furloughed by Gen. Gates.) 
John Carr, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Promoted Corporal Sept. 21, 1776.) 
Joseph Collins, Feb. 15, 1776. 

(Deserted Mar. 15, 1776.) 
Isaac Coffman, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Deserted April 1, 1776.) 
John Cox, Feb. 20, 1776. 

Valentine Clipper, Feb. 21, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
John Corbett, Feb. 28, 1776. 

(Furloughed by Gen. Gates.) 
William Campbell, Mar. 5, 1776. 
John Carmickle, Mar. 8, 1776. 
Thomas Downey, Feb. 10, 1776. 
Morgan Davis, Feb. 12, 1776. 

Jacob Deal, do. 

Philip Ditch, Mar. 12, 1776. 

John Downey, Mar. 14, 1776. 

Charles Eastley, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Deserted April 14, 1776.) 
Christian Eversole, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Robert Edmunston, Feb. 19, 1776. 
Nicholas Easter, Mar. 8, 1776. 

(Deserted March 18, 1776.) 
Henry Eakle, Feb. 17, 1776. 

Joseph Fitch, do. 

Samuel Fisher, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Deserted March 27, 1776.) 



Enlisted 

George Flack, Feb. 19, 1776. 

Abraham Forsyth, Mar. 11, 1776. 
Christian Fuller, Feb. 22, 1776. 
John Gowns, Feb. 13, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
Andrew Gutting, Mar. 13, 1776. 
Jasper M. Gidley, Feb. 15, 1776. 

(Joined Donnell s Artillery Co. 

Nov. 21, 1776.) 

Michael House, Feb. 6, 1776. 

George Harris, Feb. 7, 1776. 

Michael Harrigan, Feb. 10, 1776. 
Henry Holland, Feb. 11,1776. 

William Hand, Feb. 23, 1776. 

William Holt, Mar. 17, 1776. 

James Johnson, Feb. 10, 1776. 

Samuel Jameson, Mar. 22, 1776. 
William Kirkpatrick, Feb. 17, 1776. 

(Furloughed to Maryland.) 
James Kelly, Feb. 9, 1776. 

Isaac Lemon, Feb. 19, 1776. 

(Deserted May 6, 1776.) 
W T illiam Love, Feb. 23, 1776. 

(Deserted March 12, 1776.) 
Kobert Mullady, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Deserted April 2, 1776.) 
Daniel McCulloh, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Killed at Fort Ann May 29, 1776.) 
Thomas McGuire, Feb. 12, 1776. 
Daniel McGuire, Feb. 19, 1776. 
Evan Morgan, Mar. 1, 1776. 

Arthur Murphy, Feb. 14, 1776. 
John Mitchell, do. 

(Deserted April 14, 1776.) 
William McManus, Feb. 19, 1776. 
Thomas Nelson, jun., Oct. 25, 1776. 
Andrew Nelson, do. 

Thomas Nelson, sen., Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Promoted to Corp. Oct. 31, 1776.) 
Samuel Nixdorff, Mar. 7, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



183 



Enlisted 

Abraham Onsell, Feb. 10, 1776. 

John O Brian, Feb. 19, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 

Emanuel Phyfer, Feb. 16, 1776. 

Tobias Pooder, Feb. 5, 1776. 

Morris Eoach, Feb. 12, 1776. 

James Eawlston, Feb. 7, 1776. 

George Eenick, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Deserted March 14, 1776.) 

Thomas Eeed, Feb. 20, 1776. 

John Stonemyer, Feb. 2, 1776. 

Michael Stuckey, Feb. 19,1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 

William Smith, Feb. 24, 1776. 



Enlisted 
John Smith, Feb. 10, 1776, 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
John Sluscer, Mar. 6, 1776. 

(Furloughed by Gen. Gates.) 
George Tingle, Mar. 9, 1776. 

(Deserted April 22, 1776.) 
William Teel, Feb. 12, 1776. 

John Williams, Mar. 14, 1776. 

James Wallace, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Acting as butcher at Mount Inde 
pendence.) 

John Wolf, Feb. 13, 1776. 

Eichard Wells, Feb. 26, 1776. 

George Trippner, Feb. 21, 1776. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OP ENLISTMENT 
OF THE OFFICERS OF CAPT. SAMUEL WATSON S COMPANY, IN 
THE BATTALION COMMANDED BY COL. ARTHUR ST. CLAIR AND 
COL. JOSEPH WOOD OF PENNSYLVANIA, FROM JAN. 5, 1776, TO 
Nov. 25, 1776. 

Samuel Watson, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Died May 21, 1776. 

Thomas L. L. Moore, Captain. Commissioned May 21, 1776. 

John Chilton, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. .Resigned Nov. 

11, 1776. 

Henry Epley, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 11, 1776. 
James Montgomery, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promo 
ted to First-lieutenant May 21, 1776. 

Benjamin Miller, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted to Second- 
lieutenant May 21, 1776. 

James Englis, Ensign. Commissioned Sept. 20, 1776. 
Morris McMahon, Sergeant. Appointed Jan. 26, 1776. Deserted April 10, 

1776. 
James Anderson, Sergeant. Appointed Jan. 30, 1776. 

do. 

Feb. 3, 1776. Disch ged Oct. 27,1776. 
June 12, 1776. 
Oct. 12, 1776. 
Jan. 28, 1776. 

Feb. 1, 1776. Promoted June 12, 1776. 
Feb. 5, 1776. 
Feb. 3, 1776. 



Eobert Gibson, 


do. 


do. 


John Watson, 


do. 


do. 


Bates Dorsey, 


do. 


do. 


Thomas Kelly, 


do. 


do. 


John Toy, 


Corporal. 


do. 


Bates Dorsey, 


do. 


do. 


William Smith, 


do. 


do. 


John Steel, 


do. 


do. 



184 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Thomas Kelly, Corporal. Appointed June 12, 1776. Promoted Oct. 28, 1776. 
William Atchison, do. do. Sept. 10, 1776. 

Francis Grenades, Drummer. do. March 1, 1776. 



Privates. 



Enlisted 

James Arthur, Feb. 2, 1776. 

John Adams, Feb. 12, 1776. 

William Adams, Feb. 8, 1776. 

Farmer Adams, Jan. 24, 1776. 

Benjamin Adair, Feb. 8, 1776. 

James Applegate, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Deserted April 10, 1776.) 

John Armour, Jan. 24, 1776. 

(Missing June 8, 1776.) 

William Atchison, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Promoted Sept. 10, 1776.) 

John Buck, Feb. 7, 1776. 

John Battersby, Feb. 13, 1776. 

John Book, Feb. 18,1776. 

(Deserted April 7, 1776.) 

Daniel Brown, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 

Samuel Beatty, Jan. 25, 1776. 

John Claig, Feb. 9, 1776. 

John Clemens, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Deserted March 29, 1776.) 

John Carr, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 10, 1776.) 

John Clendennen, Feb. 11, 1776. 

Allen Casada, Jan. 28, 1776. 

James Chart, Feb. 6, 1776. 

William Cannon, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Died July 11, 1776.) 

John Cooler, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 

John Carmichael, Jan. 22, 1776. 

Michael Dinger, Jan. 31, 1776. 

Griffith Ford, Feb. 15, 1776. 

Daniel Fallen, Feb. 8, 1776. 

John Flesning, Jan. 31, 1776. 

John Ford, Feb. 8, 1776. 

John Forgey, Jan. 22, 1776. 

John Finney, Jan. 26, 1776. 

William Flanagan, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1"6.) 



Enlisted 

Thomas Garner, Feb. 6, 1776. 
John Graham, Jan. 20, 1776. 

(Deserted April 6, 1776.) 
Archibald George, Feb. 4, 1776. 

(Deserted April 6, 1776.) 
Michael Gorman, Mar. 3, 1776. 
Samuel Hunter, Feb. 7, 1776. 

Eichard Harper, Feb. 11, 1776. 

(Deserted March 14, 1776.) 
John Hutchinson, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Daniel Harley, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 23, 1776.) 
James Hagerty, Feb. 19, 1776. 

Isaac Harley, Feb. 23, 1776. 

(Deserted March 10, 1776.) 
William Haney, Feb. 4, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Edward Jennings, Feb. 2, 1776. 
William Imlay, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Thomas Kelly, Feb. 4, 1776. 

(Promoted June 12, 1776.) 
Timothy Kelly, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Joseph Kegan, Feb. 17, 1776. 

Kichard Lovett, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Died July 9, 1776.) 
Thomas Lunny, Jan. 28, 1776. 

John Montgomery, Feb. 17, 1776. 
Daniel Martin, Feb. 1, 1776. 

.Henry Mustard, Feb. 4, 1776. 

Thomas McKean, Feb. 9, 1776. 
Thomas Mcllvaine, Feb. 12, 1776. 
John McCune, Feb. 12, 1776. 

William Marrow, Feb. 13, 1776. 
John Madole, Jan. 28, 1776. 

Joseph Mathews, Feb. 29, 1776. 

(Deserted March 22, 1776. 
Eobert McDonald, Jan. 21,1776. 

(Discharged Sept. 25, 1776.) 
William Miller, Feb. 8, 1776. 

James McLaughlin, Jan. 22, l."T6. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



185 



Enlisted 
Daniel O Brien, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Deserted April 2, 1776.) 
George Porter, Feb. 3, 1776. 

Henry Pemberton, Jan. 22, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 2, 1776.) 
James Parker, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Discharged Oct. 7, 1776.) 
Edward Price, Jan. 22, 1776. 

(Deserted April 14, 1776.) 
John Quin, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Missing June 8, 1776.) 



James Robinson, 
John Reed, 
James Reed, 
John Ran kin, 
John Smith, 
Christian Smith, 
William Shehan, 



Feb. 17, 1776. 

do. 

Jan. 28, 1776. 
25, 1776. 
8, 1776. 
6, 1776. 
12, 1776. 



Jan. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 



Enlisted 

Matthew Thomson, Feb. 19, 1776. 
Benjamin Thomson, Jan. 81, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 1, 1776.) 
Joseph Worrell, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Deserted April 26, 1776.) 
John Winslow, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Deserted March 15, 1776.) 
William Williamson, Feb. 16, 1776. 

(With Dr. McCrae.) 
John Watkins, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Discharged Sept. 25, 1776.) 
James Workman, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Jesse Ward, Jan. 22, 1776. 

Samuel Webb, Jan. 23, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Joshua Yeomans, Jan. 22, 1776. 

(At Crown Point.) 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OF ENLISTMENT 
OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF CAPTAIN RUDOLPH BUNKER S 
COMPANY IN COL. ARTHUR ST. CL AIR S AND COL. JOSEPH WOOD S 
PENNSYLVANIA BATTALION, FROM JAN. 5 TO Nov. 25, 1776. 

Rudolph Bunner, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted to Cap 
tain Craig s Company, November 11, 1776. 

Samuel Moore, Captain. Commissioned November 11, 1776. 

Thomas Moore, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted 
May 21, 1776. 

James Montgomery, First-lieutenant. Commissioned May 21, 1776. 

John Marshall, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 11, 1776. 

Ezra Bartleson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Discharged 
June 19, 1776. 

George Ross, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Resigned July 21, 1776. 

James Armstrong, Ensign. Commissioned May 21, 1776. Promoted November 
11, 1776. 

Abner Dunn, Ensign. Commissioned November 11, 1776. 

Jacob Pope, Sergeant. Appointed February 11, 1776. Died June 13, 1776. 

Samuel Randecker, Sergeant. Appointed January 20, 1776. Missing at Three 
Rivers, June 8, 1776. 

Henry Knight, Sergeant. Appointed Jan. 18, 1776. Deserted April 17, 1776. 

William Wallace, do. do. Jan. 20, 1776. Qr. Mr. s Sergeant. 



186 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Richard Ellis, Sergeant. 
Lewis Grant, do. 

Christy Patterson, do. 
Thomas Holmes, do. 
Richard Ellis, Corporal. 
Lewis Grant, do. 

Matthias Cline, do. 
Christo r Patterson,do. 
John Kerr, do. 

John Williams, do. 
Jacob Thomas, 
Jacob Clatter, 
Patrick Fox, 



Appointed June 13, 1776. 



do. 
do. 
do. 



do. 


March 1, 1776. 


do. 


June 8, 1776. 


do. 


April 17, 1776. 


do. 


Jan. 24, 1776. 


do. 


Feb. 26, 1776. 


do. 


Feb. 11, 1776. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


March 7, 1776. 


do. 


Oct. 2, 1770. 


do. 


June 13, 1776. 


do. 


July 1, 1776. 


do. 


March 3, 1776. 



Discharged Oct. 1, 1776, 
do. Nov. 23, 1776. 

Promoted June 13, 1776. 

do. Mar. 4, 1776. 
Reduced July 1, 1776. 
Promoted Juno 8, 1776. 



Drummer. 



Privates. 



Joseph Banks, Jan. 28,1776. 

James Barber, Jan. 30, 1776. 

Martin Bender, Feb. 5, 1776. 

John Cole, Feb. 23, 1776. 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
Joseph Crafts, Feb. 15, 1776. 

(Died July 8, 1776.) 
James Curran, Mar. 9, 1776. 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
John Currau, Mar. 9, 1776. 

David Collins, Jan. 26, 1776. 

Jacob Clouts, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Israel Connolly, Feb. 15, 1776. 

William Colston, Mar. 1, 1776. 
Thomas Currin, do. 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
Matthias Cline, July 1, 1776. 

Fenis Coons, Mar. 1, 1776. 

Owens Clancy, do. 

Jacob Clatter, do. 

(Promoted July 1, 1776.) 
William Dixon, Feb. 26, 1776. 

James Ellison, Feb. 16, 1776. 

Andrew Foster, Feb. 20, 1776. 

(Deserted Mar. 11 1776.) 
James Gorman, Jan. 30, 1776. 

Michael Grouse, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Discharged Oct. 11, 1776.) 
Lawrence Griffy, Feb. 22, 1776. 



Thomas Green, Feb. 13, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 18, 1776.) 
David Green, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Died June 22, 1776.) 
David Gorman, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Deserted Mar. 8, 1776.) 
Thomas Henderson, Jan. 24, 1776. 

(Missing June 8, 1776.) 
William Harris, Feb. 24, 1776. 

Jacob Hunter, Jan. 31, 1776. 

William Hoofnagle, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Died July 1, 1776.) 
Josiah Hall, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Discharged Sept. 28, 1776.) 
Thomas Holmes, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Promoted April 17, 1776.) 
Samuel Hall, Mar. 8, 1776. 

Daniel Hannah, Mar. 5, 1776. 

(Died June 7, 1776.) 
George Hansel, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Discharged Oct. 16, 1776.) 
Thomas Isburter, Jan. 23, 1776. 

(Missing at Three Rivers June 8.) 
Samuel Ireton, Feb. 14, 1776. 

John Kives, Jan. 23, 1776. 

John Keve, Mar. 7, 1776. 

(Promoted March 7, 1776.) 
Daniel Kooger, Mar. 7, 1778. 

Samuel Mellon, Mar. 23, 1776. 

Thomas Morgan, Mar. 8, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



187 



Peter Miller, 
Joshua Morrin, 
Abraham Moyer, 
Thomas McCully, 
John Morris, 



Enlisted 
Mar. 6, 1776. 
Jan. 22, 1776. 
Feb. 24, 1776. 
29, 1776. 
1, 1776. 



Jan. 
Mar. 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
Joseph Norman, Feb. 15, 1776. 
Richard Nixon, do. 

Thomas Owen, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Discharged Sept. 30, 1776.) 
Peter Polar, Feb. 15, 1776. 

(Deserted April 17, 1776.) 
Jacob Price, Feb. 18, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 18, 1776.) 
Francis Quinn, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Nathaniel Richards, Feb. 4, 1776. 
Thomas Roberts, Feb. 16, 1776. 

(Died July 23, 1776.) 
Nicholas Smeal, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Daniel Shuttle, Feb. 7, 1776. 

John Stump, Feb. 1, 1776. 



Enlisted 
George Smyth, Jan. 17, 1776. 

(Discharged Oct. 16, 1776.) 
Aaron Smalhvood, Mar. 12, 1776. 
Jacob Thomas, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Promoted June 13, 1776.) 
Jonathan Wright, Jan. 25, 1776. 
John Williams, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Promoted Oct. 2, 1776.) 
Obadiah Wright, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Died July 31, 1776.) 
John White, Jan. 24,1776. 

(Died July 15, 1776.) 
Michael Williams, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
Elijah Walter, Mar. 9, 1776. 

Reuben Wiley, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Died Sept. 21, 1776.) 
Richard Willis, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
John Young, Jan. 28, 1776. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OF ENLISTMENT 
OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF CAPT. THOMAS CRAIG S 
COMPANY, COL. ST. CLAIR S PENNSYLVANIA BATTALION, FROM 
JAN. 5 TO Nov. 28, 1776. 

Thomas Craig, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Sept. 7, 1776. 

Rudolph Bunner, Captain. Commissioned Sept. 7, 1776 

Andrew Kachline, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Discharged 

June 21, 1776. 

Isaac Budd Dunn, First-lieutenant. Commissioned July 4, 1776. 
John Craig, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Nov. 

11, 1776. 

James Armstrong, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 11, 1776. 
Thomas Park, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Discharged June 20, 1776. 
Abraham Dull, Ensign. Commissioned Oct. 25, 1776. 

Robert Marshall, Sergeant. Appointed Jan. 7, 1776. Discharged July 13, 1776. 
Peter Smith, do. do. Jan. 15, 1776. Promoted Nov. 11, 1776. 

Abraham Horn, do. do. Jan. 5, 1776. 

Abraham Dull, do. do. Jan. 19, 1776. Promoted Oct. 25, 1776. 

Christian Shouse, do. do. July 13, 1776. 



188 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Carey, Sergeant. 

John McMichael, do. 

John Minor, do. 

George Gangwar, do. 

Stephen Fuller, do. 
Christian Shouse, Corporal. 

John Carey, do. 

Peter Bijil, do. 

Henry Powelson, do. 

John McMichael, do. 

Eobert Shearer, do. 

James Surney, do. 

Samuel Mow, do. 



Appointed Oct. 25, 1776. Discharged Nov. 21, 1776. 
do. Nov. 21, 1776. 
do. Jan. 13, 1776. 
do. Jan. 13, 1776. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Oct. 11, 1776. 
Jan. 15, 1776. 
Jan. 5, 1776. 
Jan. 17, 1776. 
Feb. 10, 1776. 
April 8, 1776. 
April 12, 1776. 
Nov. 21, 1776. 
July 13, 1776. 



Drummer. 

Fifer. Eeduced Oct. 11, 

1776. 
Fifer. 

Promoted July 13, 1776. 
Promoted Oct. 25, 1776. 
Deserted April 8, 1776. 
Deserted April 12, 1776. 
Promoted Nov. 21, 1776. 



Privates. 



Enluted 

Anthony Assur, Jan. 14, 1776. 
John Ackerd, Jan. 29, 1776. 

John Boyer, Sept. 1, 1776. 

Adam Branthuver, Jan. 13, 1776. 
Peter Bowerman, , do. 

Jacob Bijel, Feb. 2, 1776. 

Alex. Cunningham, Jan. 15, 1776. 
Batler Crist, Jan. 8, 1776. 

Josiah Crane, Jan. 12, 1776. 

Thomas Dobbs, do. 

(Deserted April 12, 1776.) 
Peter Daily, Jan. 10,1776. 

(Deserted March 17,1776.) 
Daniel Deyley, Jan. 22, 1776. 

John Davis, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Missing since the engagement at 

Three Kivers, June 8, 1776. 
Evan Evans, Jan. 10, 1776. 

Jacob Davenspeck, Feb. 17, 1776. 
David Darling, Feb. 3, 1776. 

John Docher, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Leonard Labar, Mar. 12, 1776. 

Melchir Labar, do. 

Robert Morey, Jan. 19,1776. 

David Minon, Jan. 8, 1776. 

Lawrence Marr, Jan. 13, 1776. 

John Marr, Jan. 22, 1776. 

John Mock, do. 



Enlisted 
John McMichael, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Promoted April 8, 1776.) 
Conrad Minges, Jan. 10, 1776. 

Christian Miller, Jan. 8, 1776. 
Samuel Mow, Jan. 8, 1776. 

(Promoted July 13, 1776.) 
Mathias Miller, Mar. 22, 1776. 

Samuel Ney, Jan. 13, 1776. 

Leonard Nagle, do. 

Henry Sharer, Jan. 24, 1776. 

Peter Smith, Jan. 10,1776. 

John Shannon, Jan. 28, 1776. 

Thomas Shaffer, do. 

Philip Smith, Mar. 6, 1776. 

John Darling, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Deserted March 12, 1776.) 
Evan Davis, Jan. 7, 1776. 

(Missing since the engagement at 

Three Elvers, June 8, 1776.) 
Peter Fleck, Jan. 8, 1776. 

Henry Freedly, do. 

Daniel Foulk, Jan. 17, 1776. 

Philip Groob, Jan. 24, 1776. 

Samuel Grimes, Mar. 13, 1776. 

(Missing since the battle at Three 

Eivers, June 8, 1776.) 
George Gangwer, Oct. 4, 1776. 
John Hindman, Jan. 22, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



189 



Frederick Horn, 
John Hubler, 
Leonard Hans, 
Ltulwick Hoofinan, 
Wm. Hirkie, 
Martin Jost, 
George Huntsman, 
George Kuns, 

(Died Aug. 6, 1776. 
Michael Kuns, 
Charles King 1 , 

(Deserted March ] 
Nicholas Kautsman, 
George Phass, 
Jacob Powels, 
Daniel Reyley, 
Thomas Ramsey, 



Enlisted 


Enlisted 


Jan. 8, 1776. 


Jonathan Richards, Feb. 2, 1776. 


Jan. 17, 1776. 


(Deserted Feb. 25, 1776.) 


Jan. 18, 1776. 


Timothy Rogers, Jan. 11, 1776. 


Feb. 21, 1776. 


Abraham Rinker, Jan. 13, 1776. 


Feb. 28, 1776. 


Conrad Reiswick, Feb. 2, 1776. 


Jan. 8, 1776. 


George Stirner, Jan. 13, 1776. 


Jan. 29,1776. 


Peter Standley, Jan. 15, 1776. 


Jan. 13, 1776. 


David Stinson, Jan. 15, 1776. 


) 


Robert Shearer, Jan. 31, 1776. 


do. 


(Promoted April 12, 1776.) 


Jan. 17, 1776. 


James Sweeny, Feb. 8, 1776. 


5, 1776.) 


(Promoted Nov. 21, 1776.) 


Feb. 10, 1776. 


James Thompson, Jan. 15, 1776. 


Feb. 10, 1776. 


Jacob Wise, Jan. 13, 1776. 


Feb. 14, 1776. 


Robert Wilson, Feb. 26, 1776. 


Feb. 18,1776. 


Faltey Yeisly, Jan. 14, 1776. 


Jan. 27, 1776. 


Stophel Prang, Jan. 13, 1776. 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OF 
CAPT. WILLIAM BUTLER S COMPANY OF COL. ST. CLAIR S AND COL. 
WOOD S PENNSYLVANIA BATTALION, WITH A LIST OF THE PRI 
VATES, FROM JANUARY 5 TO NOVEMBER 25, 1776, AS THEY STOOD 

AT TlCONDEROGA. 

William Butler, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Oct. 7, 1776. 

James Chrystie, Captain. Commissioned November 11, 1776. 

Thomas Butler, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Charles Seitze, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Dropped 
September 20, 1776. 

George McCully, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted to Lieu 
tenant September 20, 1776. 

Nathan McMilion, Ensign. Commissioned September 20, 1776. 

Sergeants. 

Robert McCully, . Hugh McClfirren, 

Thomas Jack, Thomas Carrell. 



George McKee, 
Abraham Bennet, 



John Brown, 
Elijah Branch, 



Corporals. 
Privates. 



John Kelso, 
William Webb. 



John Conner, 
James Calaghan, 



190 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Charles Coil, 
James Craig, 
William Cowley, 
John Carothers, 
Amos Davis, 
Eobert Davis, 
Kobert Dixon, 
Bryan Doyle, 
William Ewin, 
Kobert Futhy, 
George Fleming, 
Henry Fleming, 
James Forbes, 
Andrew Gordan, 
David Hanna, 
James Hamilton, 
John Henry, 
Patrick Heron, 
Hugh Jones, 
Garret Jordan, 
James Kinsey, 
William Kyle, 
James Kenedy, 
John Lindsey, 
Patrick Laferty, 



William Lucas, 
Edward Lear, 
William Martin, jun., 
James McConnel, 
Matthew McCord, 
Thomas McFaddon, 
James McGill, 
Dennis McCarrel, 
William Mathews, 
Dennis Myre, 
John McKenzie, 
William Martin, sen., 
John McMillion, 
Edward Navel, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan Koberts, 
Isaac Roddy, 
George Rucraft, 
James Sweeny, 
John Sutherland, 
John Slover, 
John Smith, 
Isaac Stimble, 
Robert Varner, 
Samuel Wilson. 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OF 
CAPT. STEPHEN BAYARD S COMPANY IN COL. ST. CLAIR S PENN 
SYLVANIA BATTALION, WITH A LIST OF THE PRIVATES, FROM 
JANUARY 5, 1776, TO NOVEMBER 25, 1776. 

Stephen Bayard, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 
James Chrystie, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 
John Craig, do. do. November 11, 1776. 

Isaac Budd Dunn, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Pro 
moted July 4, 1776. 

James Black, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted July 4, 1776. 
John Marshall, do. do. November 11, 1776. 

James Gates, do. do. do. 



Sergeants. 



John Shepherd, 
Barney Philips, 
Andrew Cosgroove, 



Joseph Points, 
Thomas Boyd, 
Thomas Jones. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



191 



Drum and Fife. 


John Maxwell, 




Corporals. 


Thomas Boyd, 




Thomas Jones, 




Thomas Wood, 




Privates. 


Patt Allen, 




John Baggs, 




James Burria, 




Benjamin Black, 




Patrick Brown, 




Alex. Campbell, 




William Cox, 




Andrew Cosgrove, 




Kobert Coyle, 




John Duffield, 




William Dougherty, 




Patt Donohoe, 




John Hollis, 




John Holliday, 




Thomas Harkins, 




Patt Johnson, 




Joseph English, 




George Greer, 





George Docherty. 



James Barret, 
Patrick Brown. 



Patt Lockey, 
William Leech, 
Charles McKinley, 
William McClair, 
Daniel McElvoy, 
Thomas Murphy, 
Kobert McClennon, 
Andrew McConnell, 
William Martin, 
Connel McFadin, 
Wm. McCracken, 
John Quigg, 
James Euttledge, 
James Thompson, 
Eobert Wiley, 
Aaron Work, 
John Weary. 



XAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS or THE OFFICERS OP 
CAPTAIN JOHN BBISBAN S COMPANY, COL. ST. CLAIR S PENN 
SYLVANIA BATTALION, WITH A LIST OF THE PRIVATES, FROM 
JANUARY 5 TO NOVEMBER 25, 1776. 

John Brisban, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Furloughed by Gen. 
Gates from November 25, 1776. 

John Gross, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Charles Seitze, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

William Chambers, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Re 
signed July 5, 1776. 

John Evans, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Died June 20, 1776. 

George Boss, do. do. July 4, 1776. 

Sergeants. 

Joseph Gournie, I Daniel Bloom, 

James Hagan, Joseph Bigg&. 



192 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Carman, 
Evan Evans, 



Corporals. 



William Peacock, 
Ulrich Whitman. 



Drum and Fife. 


Joseph Hall, 


Charles Haney. 


Privates. 


Thomas Allen, 


James Montgomery, 


Samuel Blair, 


Patrick McAnally, 


Jacob Bavard, 


James McPick, 


Robert Bayley, 


John McGill, 


John Boyd, 


Barnabas McMagan, 


Edward Cummings, 


Adam Moore, 


John Craiger, 


James McCormick, 


George Campbell, 


John Ogan, 


Frederick I)eanier, 


John Oxford, 


James Donty, 


Christian Pernpertou, 


Charles Ferguson, 


James Eoss, 


James Gwinn, 


Patrick Eodgers, 


Dominick Hand, 


Hugh Eeed, 


Abraham Henry, 


Eichard Short, 


John Hogan, 


Eobert Stewart, 


Thomas Jones, 


Hugh Shannon, 


Henry McLaughlin, 


Ludwig Shortley, 


Christopher Hannon, 


Lawrence Sloan, 


Neal McKenzie, 


John Sloan, 


Alex. McGugan, 


James Stewart, 


Constant McMagan, 


William Ulit, 


John Holmes, 


Adam Wilhelm. 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OF 
CAPT. JOHN REES COMPANY OF COL. WOOD S PENNSYLVANIA 
BATTALION, WITH A LIST OF THE PRIVATES, FROM JAN. 5 TO 
Nov. 25, 1776. 

John Eeese, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Recruiting from Nov. 25, 
1776. 

Samuel Moore, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Cap 
tain Nov. 11, 1776. 

Eoss Currie, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Captured by the 
enemy June 8, 1776, at Three Eivers. 

Daniel St. Clair, Ensign. Commissioned Sept. 20, 1776. On recruiting service. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



193 



Henry Eppile, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Lieutenant Nov. 

11, 1776. 

George Hoffner, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1779. Promoted Second- 
lieutenant Nov. 11, 1776. 
Mordecai Davis, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Died Aug. 12, 1776. 



Samuel Coulter, 
David Filson, 

Michael Waite, 
Thomas Meredith, 



James Alexander, 
James Baggs, 
Christopher Buckle, 
Abraham Couldren, 
Hugh Divinney, 
Jacob Drumheller, 
Edward Edwards, 
Hugh Edwards, 
George Forguer, 
John Faulkner, 
Benjamin Gilmore, 
William Gallaher, 
Daniel Gallaher, 
Enos Graham, 
George Gardner, 
John Hull, 
Patrick Hand, 
John Jordan, 



Sergeants. 

I 

Corporals. 



Privates. 



Methusalah Davis, 
Adam Hamilton. 



Andrew Moore, 
Michael McMillan. 



John Johnson, 
James Johnson, 
Mordecai James, 
William Marr, 
Thomas MeClosky, 
John McManors, 
Abraham Nunn, 
William Otty, 
Isaac Pearsel, 
John Reese, 
William Ramage, 
William Ramsey, 
James Robinson, 
George Sanxtoti, 
Jonathan Scott, 
George Scott, 
Philip Sheer, 
Thomas Williams. 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OF 
CAPT. JOHN HULINGS COMPANY, OF COL. ST. CLAIR S PENNSYL 
VANIA BATTALION, WITH A LIST OF THE PRIVATES FROM JAN. 5 
TO Nov. 25, 1776. 

John Huling, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Furloughed from Oct., 

1776, by Gen. Gates. 
William Bird, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Captured by the 

enemy at Three Rivers, June 8, 1776. 

9 



194: 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Craig, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Second-lieu 
tenant July 4, 1776. 

Boss Currie, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Nov. 
11, 1776. 

George Haffner, Ensign. Commissioned July 4, 1776. Promoted Nov. 11, 1776. 

Sergeants. 

John Young, I James Lowes,. 

Frederick Funk, Barney Ferrill. 

Corporals. 

Joseph Riddle, John Gordon, 

Allen Nixon, Neal Anderson. 

James Mitchell, Drummer. 



Privates. 



"Frederick Almond, 
Philip Albright, 
Moses Baldwin, 
William Black, 
Abraham Cooper, 
James Crookshank, 
Nathaniel Dickey, 
Peter Daniel, 
Mathias Dair, 
John Evans, 
Michael Fagan, 
John Fair, 
Joseph Gaber, 
John Gorley, 
John Goodman,. 
John Hide, 
John Husick 



Jacob Koch, 
Michael Kail, 
Paul Larkin, 
Hugh McCardel, 
Edward McKee, 
John Kandal r 
Peter Reese, 
Michael Reed, 
Henry Rork, 
Robert Bennet, 
Henry Shoup, 
Peter Stone, 
Peter Servey, 
John Steel, 

Christopher Stoutsman, 
Herman Sundock, 
Peter Walburn. 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OF 
CAPT. THOMAS ROBINSON S COMPANY, OF COL. ANTHONY WAYNE S 
PENNSYLVANIA BATTALION, WITH A LIST OF THE PRIVATES FROM 
JAN. 5 TO Nov. 26, 1776, AS IT STOOD AT TICONDEROGA. 

Thomas Robinson, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Sick in Pennsylvania. 
John Christy, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. 
William Moulder, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776v Resigned 
Oct. 1, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



195 



Job Vernon, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Oct. 1, 1776. 

Thomas Wallace, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Resigned Oct. 1, 1776. 

George North, Ensign. Commissioned Oct. 1, 1776. 

Sergeants. 

Thomas Merchant, Joseph Gray, 

James Grubb, Mathias Amos, 

David Valleau, killed or captured at Three Elvers, June 8, 1776. 

Corporals. 



Richard Mathews, 


Samuel Miller, 


Robert Anderson, 


John Murdock. 


Drum and Fife. 


George Moll, | William Stone. 


Privates. 


George Bullock, 


James Lord, 


George Bowin, 


Amos Longfellow, 


Daniel Burns, 


William Lynch, 


Joseph Bryant, 


William Lammy, 


Christopher Bench, 


John Loughrey, 


William Crane, 


Nathan Motts, 


Samuel Casky, 


John Moder, 


Abraham Chapman, 


John Moore, 


Richard Carridon, 


Morgan McCafferty, 


James Deveny, 


Benjamin McMurray 


John Deveny, 


John Mathers, 


Isaac Dawson, 


Joseph McBride, 


Jeremiah Dawson, 


George Nox, 


Casper Driver, 


Jonathan Phips, 


Samuel Dickson, 


Robert Owens, 


John Dunn, 


William Russell, 


Jacob Dill, 


Thomas Riely, 


William Davice, 


Peter Senear, 


George Eaton, 


John Tanyard, 


Humphrey Edmundson, 


John Talbott, 


Alexander Finley, 


Richard Station, 


Patrick Green, 


Benjamin Smith, 


Thomas Glenn, 


John Tagert, 


Edward Gobbans, 


John Wilson, 


John Hill, 


Robert Webb, 


Nathan Horner, 


James Williams, 


Thomas James, 


Benjamin Webb. 


Timothy Kerley, 





196 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OF 
CAPTAIN THOMAS CHURCH S COMPANY OF COL. WAYNE S PENN 
SYLVANIA BATTALION, WITH A LIST OF THE PRIVATES, FROM JAN 
UARY 5, TO NOVEMBER 26, 1776. 

Thomas Church, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

James B. Reid, First-lieutenant. do. do. 

Charles C. Beatty, Second-lieutenant, do. do. 

Job Vernon, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted to Lieutenant 

in Captain Eobinson s Company, October 1, 1776. 
Alexander Martin, Ensign. Commissioned October 1, 1776. 



William Bigham, 
Kobert Low, 



Peter Fennakel, 
Jacob Moyer, 



Adam Kibler, 

Peter Bitting, 
Jacob Brindle, 
Laban Boger, 
Henry Barnhart, 
Jarvis Burford, 
John Bruffy, 
George Beavar, 
John Bigham, 
Henry Craig, 
Henry Crips, 
Jacob Consil, 
Patrick Conner, 
Christian Coplin, 
John Craig, 
William Delany, 
Jacob Derr, 
John Dieter, 
Malchom Forrest, 
John Gibson, 
Tohn Gilliland, 
Jotleib Hoffman, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Drum a 
Prii 


nd Fife. 
mtes. 



Samuel Widner, 
John McMakan. 



Thomas Bigham, 
Everhart Ferrihan. 



Charles Leonard. 



Thomas Heffernan, 
Edward Hagan, 
Timothy Nowland, 
Connell Kenedy, 
Eichard Kelly, 
William Kerr, 
John Lankister, 
John Little, 
Michael McCorthy, 
Benjamin Michael, 
Eobert Mclntire, 
Michael McGee, 
James McKinley, 
John McKinley, 
Daniel McLeroy, 
William McGahey, 
Archibald McNeil, 
Andrew McFarran, 
William Morrow, 
Thomas Mclntiney, 
Charles McGalian, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



197 



Robert McDonal, 
Robert Martin, 
James McGinnes, 
John McCreary, 
Joseph Neal, 
John Nickle, 
Robert Neal, 
Benjamin Pack, 
Henry Pensinger, 
John Reyney, 
William Ray, 
Henry Sharlack, 



John Smith, 
George Seeds, 
Charles Semple, 
Robert Shepard, 
James Smith, 
Thomas Sharp, 
Robert Wood, 
James Woods, 
Robert Wright, 
Samuel Whitman, 
John Wooleber, 
John Williamson. 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OP 
CAPTAIN JOHN LACEY S COMPANY OF COLONEL WAYNE S PENN 
SYLVANIA BATTALION, WITH A LIST OF THE PRIVATES, FROM JAN 
UARY 5, TO NOVEMBER 1, 1776. 

John Lacey, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Samuel Smith, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Michael Ryan, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

John Bartley, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Oct. 1, 1776. 

James Forbes, Ensign. Commissioned October 1, 1776. 



William Hood, 
Andrew Oliphant, 



Stafford Graham, 
John Peter, 



John McCowen, 



Jacob Anderson, 
James Anderson, 
James Agnew, 
Moses Alkson, 
John Bodenham, 
William Camagy, 
James Cummings, 
Thomas Corbett, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Drum and Fife. 
\ 

Privates. 



William Randle, 
Samuel Elliot. 



John Bailey, 
Samuel Morris. 



David Palmer. 



Henry Clotter, 
Arthur McCrea, 
Anthony McClellan, 
Abednego Davis, 
Thomas Dickinson, 
Samuel Fegan, 
John Gibson, 
Thomas Gordon, 



198 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Samuel Hare, 
Peter Jones, 
Francis Kelly, 
Eobert Lawrence, 
Aaron Lockard, 
Eobert Leason, 
John Laschom, 
John May, 
Daniel Millhuff, 
Thomas Maloy, 
John May, 
Torrence McManes, 
Isaac Meason, 
Eichard Moore, 
Eobert McGaudy, 
John Noble, 
Samuel Nief, 
David Nelson, 
Nicholas Eedin, 



Eobert Eedman, 
John Eandle, 
George Sawyers, 
Thomas Service, 
Benjamin Stagg, 
George Saville, 
John Smith, 
Zecheus Smith, 
William Steel, 
Jeremiah Sullivan, 
Thomas Thompson, 
James Thomas, 
James Weady, 
William Welch, 
Philip Williams, 
David Wesner, 
Charles Wallington, 
Moses Whalen, 
John Sidders. 



NAMES, BANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OF ENLISTMENT 
OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF CAPTAIN PERSIFOR FRAZER S 
COMPANY OF COL. WAYNE S PENNSYLVANIA BATTALION, FROM 
JANUARY 5 TO NOVEMBER 26, 1776. 

Persifor Frazer, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Sept. 24, 1776. 
Joseph Potts, Captain. Commissioned October 12, 1776. 
Benjamin Bartholomew, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 
Isaac Seely, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5 5 1776. 
Levi Griffith, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 



Sergeants. 



Edward Buckley, 
Daniel Harris, 



Appointed 
Jan. 10,1776. 
Jan. 22, 1776. 



William McGee, 
Edward Verner, 



Corporals. 

Appointed 

Joshua Davis, Jan. 19, 1776. James Long, 

(Drowned Aug. 1, 1776.) John Taylor, 

Evan James, Feb. 7, 1776. Abram Wood, 



Appointed 
Jan. 30, 1776. 
Feb. 2, 1776. 



Appointed 
Feb. 2, 1776. 
Jan. 19, 1776. 
Aug. 1, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



199 



Drummers. 



Appointed 
Abraham Butler, Jan. 21, 1776. 

(Discharged April 19, 1776.) 
John McCarter, April 19, 1776. 

(Returned to ranks July 1, 1776.) 



Appointed 
Eobert Mclntire, July 1, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 1, 1776.) 
Abram Muskall, Nov. 1, 1776. 

William Kline, Fifer, Jan. 22, 1776. 



Privates. 



Enlisted 
James Adams, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 
George Atkinson, Jan. 17,1776. 
Joseph Becket, April 8, 1776. 

Philip Bolton, April 6, 1776. 

James Berry, Feb. 17, 1776. 

Thomas Burns, Jan. 30, 1776. 

John Boyles, Feb. 28, 1776. 

Alexander Boggs, Jan. 22, 1776. 
John Bartholomew, Feb. 19, 1776. 

(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 
Philip Bostol, Jan. 81,1776. 

John Blackwood, Mar. 21, 1776, 
Patrick Conner, Feb. 22, 1776. 

Lawrence Connolly, Feb. 1, 1776. 
Thomas Cloward, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Died Feb. 15, 1776.) 
Patrick Carroll, Jan. 15, 1776. 

William Cruddicks, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Deserted Mar. 12, 1776.) 
John Corry, Feb. 20, 1776. 

William Cane, Feb. 10, 1776. 

John Cligner, Mar. 17, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
Oharles Calhoun, April 29, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 20, 1776.) 
James Dailey, Feb. 27, 1776. 

John Dobbins, April 3, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
Paul Ellis, Jan. 23, 1776. 

Thomas Guin, Feb. 4, 1776. 

John Harvey, Feb. 15, 1776. 

George Herbster, May 9, 1776. 

(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 
David Harris, Jan. 22, 1776. 

(Discharged April 19, 1776.) 



Enlisted 

John Harrington, Jan. 16, 1776. 
James Innis, Feb. 7, 1776. 

John Ingram, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Discharged May 1, 1776.) 
Thomas Junkin, Jan. 22, 1776. 

(Discharged April 19, 1776.) 
Francis Jones, Jan. 21, 1776. 

(Discharged April 20, 1776,) 
Patrick Joyce, Mar. 21, 1776. 

Jacob Kirrigan, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Discharged April 1, 1776.) 
Peter King, Jan. 16, 1776. 

Caleb Kenedy, Jan. 10, 1776. 

(Died Jan. 18, 1776.) 
Timothy Kelly, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Christopher Kelly, Jan. 21, 1776. 
Patrick Lynn, Feb. 24, 1776. 

William Lyons, Jan. 31, 1776. 

John McCulloh, Feb. 5, 1776. 

Joseph McCormick, Jan. 27, 1776. 
Zebulon Morland, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Claimed by Col. MaxwelL) 
William McGuire, Jan. 25, 1776. 
Charles McGarrel, Jan. 31, 1776. 
John McCarter, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Promoted to Drummer April 19.) 
James McDonald, Jan. 16, 1776. 
Patrick Martin, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Robert Mereer, do. 

Samuel McCully, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Hugh McLaughlin, Feb. 3, 1776. 
John Murtland, Feb. 1, 1776. 

John Miller, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(A servant, discharged.) 
Joshua Matin, Jan. 23, 1776. 

(Discharged May 1, 1776.) 



200 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted 

Samuel McGowen, April 29, 1776. 
John McLaughlin, April 22, 1776. 
Peter McDonald, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(A servant, discharged.) 
William Nelson, Jan. 81, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 18, 1776.) 
John Nuby, Feb. 15, 1776. 

Joseph Norman, Mar. 21, 1776. 
Thomas Owen, Jan. 31, 1776. 

William O Neal, Jan. 16, 1776. 

(Discharged April 19, 1776.) 
Peter O Brien, May 9, 1776. 

(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 
John Parker, Jan. 29, 1776. 

David Powell, Jan. 26, 1776. 

Samuel Pedrick, April 6, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 



William Kowls, 
Hezekiah Eagg, 
John Eamsey, 
Tobias Shields, 
Samuel Smiley, 
Michael Smith, 
John Steward, 



Jan. 80, 1776. 

Jan. 16, 1776. 

Mar. 25, 1776. 
21, 1776, 
19, 1776. 
18, 1776. 



Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 



Mar. 19,1776. 



Enlisted 
Daniel Swiney, April 1, 1776. 

(Deserted Oct. 10, 1776.) 
John McCarter, July 1,1776. 

Eobert Mclntire, do. 

William Toland, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Died Sept. 26, 1776.) 
John Tanner, Jan. 19, 1776. 

William Trego, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Confined, and left with General 

Washington s army.) 
David Thomas, April 17, 1776. 

John Watson, Feb. 4, 1776. 

(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 
Alexander Wright, Jan. 16, 1776. 

(Deserted July 1, 1776.) 
John Wilson, Feb. 1, 1776. 

John Wolf, Jan. 26, 1776. 

Abraham Wood, April 6, 1776. 

(Promoted Aug. 1, 1776.) 
James Young,. April 13, 1776. 

(Deserted July 11, 1776.) 
John Young, April 22, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
John Walker, July 1, 1776. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OF ENLISTMENT 
OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF CAPT. JAMES TAYLOR S 
COMPANY, OF COL. WAYNE S PENNSYLVANIA BATTALION, FROM 
JAN. 5 TO Nov. 26, 1776. 

James Taylor, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Michael Kimmel, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Thomas Boude, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Ezekiel Letts, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Eesigned Oct. 11, 1776. 

John Harper, Ensign. Commissioned October 12, 1776. 



Francis Euth, 
James McCullock, 
Eobert Anderson, 



Sergeants. 

Appointed 
Jan. 20, 1776. 
Jan. 27, 1776. 
Jan. 27, 1776. 



Appointed 
John Lindsey, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Deserted July 1, 1776.) 
Joseph Simeral, July 2, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



201 



Corporals, 



Appointed 

Alexander McHatton, Jan. 27, 1776. 
Nathaniel HcGill, Jan. 26,1776. 



Kobert Eoss, 
Samuel Giffen, 



Appointed 
Mar. 1, 1776. 
Feb. 10, 1776. 



Drummers. 



Elius Peters, Jan. 80, 1776. 

(Eeduced to ranks June 25.) 
John Connolly, June 25, 1776. 



James Graham, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Dead Gen. Hospital.) 



Privates. 



Enlisted 


Enlisted 


James Anderson, 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


Evan Evans, 


Feb. 


7, 


1776. 


Humphrey Andrews, 


Jan. 


26, 


1776. 


(Deserted Feb. 


19, 1776.) 






David Armstrong, 


Feb. 


10, 


1776. 


John Fisler, 


Jan. 


31, 


1776. 


(Deserted July 1, 1776.) 


(Deserted Feb. 


19, 1776.) 






Michael Arthur, 


Jan. 


30, 


1776. 


John Fitzgerald, 


Feb. 


B, 


1776. 


Thomas Baxter, 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


(Deserted July 


5, 1776.) 






Thomas Benderman, 


Jan. 


29, 


1776. 


William Fleming, 


Jan. 


31, 


1776. 


Zecharias Boyce, 


Jan. 


30, 


1776. 


William Gibson, 


Jan. 


*, 


1776. 


John Bowman, 


Jan. 


22, 


1776. 


Eyncer Gibbert, 


Jan. 


12, 


1776. 


James Britain, 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


John Gilbreth, 


Jan. 


29, 


1776. 


Alexander Brown, 


Feb. 


14, 


1776. 


(Deserted June 


29, 1776.) 






Samuel Carson, 


Jan. 


25, 


1776. 


Paul Gilmore, 


Jan. 


29, 


1776. 


James Coffield, 


Feb. 


7, 


1776. 


Thomas Gould, 


Jan. 


W, 


1776. 


John Connolly, 


Mar. 


12, 


1776. 


Thomas Griffith, 


Feb. 


6, 


1776. 


(Promoted Drummer, June 25.) 


Christian Grim, 


do. 


James Conner, 


Feb. 


8, 


1776. 


Christian Hague, 


Feb. 


10, 


1776. 


(Died Oct. 24, 1776 


) 






(Deserted Feb. 


19, 1776.) 






James Cornelius, 


Jan. 


25, 


1776. 


David Hailey, 


Jan. 


29, 


1776. 


John Cornelius, 


Jan. 


12, 


1776. 


Charles Hanagan, 


Jan. 


30, 


1776. 


Kerry Copland, 


Mar. 


1, 


1776. 


David Hayes, 


Feb. 


10, 


1776. 


John Dailey, 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


(Died Nov. 20, 


1776.) 






James Dale, 


Jan. 


80, 


1776. 


Samuel Hughes, 


Mar. 


26, 


1776. 


William Davidson, 


Mar. 


23, 


1776. 


John Jones, 


Feb. 


4, 


1776. 


Daniel Denjel, 


Feb. 


5, 


1776. 


Thomas Kelly, 


Jan. 


29, 


1776. 


Cornelius Devinny, 


Jan. 


31, 


1776. 


William Leadly, 


Jan. 


31, 


1776. 


Joseph Dew, 


Feb. 


7, 


1776. 


James Letts, 


Jan. 


12, 


1776 


John Dieffenderifer, 


Jan. 


30, 


1776. 


John Logan, 


Jan. 


K, 


1776. 


John Dobbins, 


Feb. 


3, 


1776, 


(Deserted Feb. 


18, 1776.) 






Robert Dobbins, 


Jan. 


25, 


1776. 


Joseph Mashman, Feb. 


3, 


1776. 


Dennis Dougherty, 


Feb. 


7, 


1776. 


Jacob Mayer, 


Feb. 


5, 


1776. 


John Dunn, 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


Jacob Miller, 


Feb. 


4, 


1776. 


James Dysart, 


Jan. 


27, 


1776. 


Michael Miller, 


Feb. 


0, 


1776. 



202 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Morgan, 
Eichard Morris, 
William McAy, 
Thomas McCallian, 
John McCann, 
William McClusky, 
Joseph McConnell, 
William McConnell, 
George McCord, 
John McCowan, 
Malcom McDonald, 
William McDonald, 
John McKinney, 
John McClelland, 
Samuel McMurray, 
Daniel McNeal, 
Eobert McPike, 
Alexander Nelson, 
Felix O Neal, 
Arthur Patterson, 
Elias Peters, 
Michael Phink, 
Francis Porter, 
Patrick Eiley, 

(Discharged at Foi 
Jaines Eichardson, 



Enlisted 




m 


list 


?<z 


April 10, 


1776. 


James Eidings, 


Feb. 


6, 


1776. 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


William Eogan, 


Jan. 


80, 


1776. 


Jan. 


25, 


1776. 


John Eoss, 


Jan. 


25, 


1776. 


Jan. 


25, 


1776. 


John Eudicil, 


Feb. 


1", 


1776. 


Jan. 


20, 


1776. 


(Deserted Jan. 


9, 1776.) 






Jan. 


29, 


1776. 


Thomas Scott, 


Jan. 


28, 


1776. 


Feb. 


li 


1776. 


(Deserted Feb. 


20, 1776.) 






Jan. 


25, 


1776. 


Christopher Sipe, 


Feb. 


6, 


1776. 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


Archibald Shanks, Feb. 


12, 


1776. 


Jan. 


24, 


1776. 


John Sharp, 


Jan. 


25, 


1776. 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


Mathew Simpson 


, Feb. 


10, 


1776. 


Jan. 


23, 


1776. 


(Deserted Feb. 


20, 1776.) 






Jan. 


30, 


1776. 


Andrew Sinnet, 


Jan. 


30, 


1776. 


Jan. 


28, 


1776. 


Joseph Simeral, 


Jan. 


25, 


1776. 


Mar. 


13, 


1776. 


(Promoted Sergeant, July 


2.) 




Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


John Spear, 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


Feb. 


5, 


1776. 


Walter St. John, 


Feb. 


3, 


1776. 


Jan. 


24, 


1776. 


Leonard Stone, 


Jan. 


80, 


1776. 


Jan. 


4, 


1776. 


(Deserted Feb. 


20, 1776.) 






Jan. 


25, 


1776. 


Francis Taylor, 


Jan. 


20, 


1776. 


June 


25, 


1776. 


Samuel Vogan, 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


Feb. 


6, 


1776. 


John Watson, 


Mar. 


20, 


1776. 




do. 




Andrew Wilson, 


Jan. 


29, 


1776. 


Jan. 


31, 


1776. 


John Welt, 


Feb. 


10, 


1776. 


Geoi 


ge.) 




(Deserted Feb. 


19, 1776.) 






Jan. 


24, 


1776. Michael Wise, 


Feb. 


6, 


1776. 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OP COMMISSIONS, OF THE FIELD, STAFF, 
AND OTHER OFFICERS OF COLONEL WlLLIAM IRVINE S PENNSYL 
VANIA REGIMENT, WITH A LIST OF THE PRIVATES, AS IT STOOD AT 
MOUNT INDEPENDENCE, NOVEMBER 28, 1776. 

William Irvine, Colonel. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Captured by British 
troops under General Frazer, June 8, 1776, at Three Eivers, about forty-five 
miles down the St. Lawrence from the mouth of Sorel Eiver. General 
Thompson, Colonel Irvine, and about two hundred men were captured here, 
and about twenty-five slain, by the enemy. 

Thomas Hartley, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

James Dunlap, Major. Commissioned January 10, 1776. 

David Greer, Major. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 

John Brooks, Adjutant and Lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



203 



Robert Johnson, Surgeon. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

John McDowl, Surgeon s Mate and Lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. 

James Calderwood, Quartermaster. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Promoted 

to Lieutenant on board the Fleet, August 1, 1776. 
William Nichols, Quartermaster. Commissioned August 1, 1776. Eesigncd 

November 17, 1776. 
Robert Hopes, Quartermaster. Commissioned November 17, 1776, by order of 

General Gates. 

COMPANY No. 1. 

Samuel Hay, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

John Grier, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken prisoner 

July 24, 1776. 

Alexander Parker, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Pro 
moted June 1, 1776. 

Samuel Montgomery, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 
William Miller, Ensign. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 



Sergeants. 



Appointed 
John Hughes, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Promoted June 24.) 
John Faucet, Jan. 17, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Elvers June 8, 
1776.) 



Appointed 
John Foster, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Rivers, June 8.) 
John Parker, Jan. 23, 1776. 

William Boyd, June 24, 1776. 

(Taken prisoner July 24, 1776.) 



Corporals. 



John Hanna, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Ezekiel Sample, do. 

Francis Rowdin, do. 

(Reduced July 24.) 

Drummers. 



William Boyd, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Prom, to Serg t June 24, 1776.) 
William Bramer, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(July 24, 1776.) 



John Drumond, 
John Henry, 



Jan. 
Jan. 



20, 1776. 
15, 1776. 



Elias Mewnham, Fifer, 



Feb. 20, 1776. 



Privates. 



Enlisted 

John Butcher, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Andrew Byers, Jan. 31, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
John Boyle, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Taken on board the fleet, Oct. 15, 

1776.) 

William Brimigin, Feb. 5, 1776. 
Patrick Bolden, Jan. 25, 1776. 



Enlisted 
Feb. 21, 1776. 
Feb. 2, 1776. 



Robert Brown, 
Abram Boyd, 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Samuel Barclay, Jan. 30, 1776. 

William Earner, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Promoted July 24, 1776.) 
Darby Bannon, Feb. 15, 1776. 

William Batson, Jan. 5, 1776. 



204 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted 

George Butler, Feb. 20, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

William Blair, Feb. 28, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

Samuel Cochran, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Promoted June 9, 1776, to Ser 
geant, but sick.) 

Charles Carlton, Mar. 1, 1776. 

James Cochran, Mar. 8, 1776. 

(Killed at Three Eivers June 8, 76.) 

Eobert Cunningham, Jan. 23, 1776. 

Patrick Demsey, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Thomas Dyas, Jan. 26, 1776. 

John Dunwoody, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

Edward Davison, Jan. 30, 1776. 

Henry Freet, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Wounded.) 

John Flaverty, Jan. 28, 1776. 

Abel Forsyth, Jan. 31, 1776. 

Eobert Forsyth, Jan. 26, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 

Arthur French, Jan. 30, 1776. 

James Graham, 1st, Jan. 26, 1776. 

James Graham, 2d, Feb. 27, 1776. 

Timothy Harly, Jan. 31, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

Eobert Hughes, Jan. 25, 1776. 

John Hastings, Jan. 31, 1776. 

Eobert Hamilton, Feb. 23, 1776. 

William Holliday, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Captured July 24, 1776.) 

Thomas Hanon, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

John Jamison, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Deserted April 3, 1776.) 

James Kearns, Jan. 31, 1776. 

Archibald Kennedy, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Sergeant since Aug. 1.) 

Michael Kerr, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 28, 1776.) 

William Leech, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 24, 1776.) 

Samuel Lowrey, Feb. 28, 1776. 

Edward Murphy, Feb. 1, 1776. 



Enlisted 

Thomas Means, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Alex. Mairs, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Edward McMullan, Feb. 15, 1776. 
James Mitchell, Jan. 25, 1776. 

John McMichael, Feb. 3, 1776. 
William Mclntyre, Feb. 6, 1776. 
Adam Martin, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Hugh McMillan, Feb. 21, 1776. 

James Mulloy, Feb. 10, 1776. 

Charles McConnell, Jan. 26, 1776. 
William McCoy, do. 

James McCormick, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Deserted Nov. 15, 1776.) 
William McQuown, Jan. 17, 1776. 

(Appointed Sergeant, June 10. 

Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Patrick McCormick, Feb. 20, 1776. 
James McClaine, Feb. 1, 1776. 
Euday McCoy, Feb. 4, 1776. 

Patrick McGalls, Feb. 20, 1776. 

(Died at Carlisle April 1, 1776.) 
Daniel McGlaughlin, Feb. 1, 1776. 
William McKee. Feb. 27, 1776. 
William McKinley, Feb. 20, 1776. 
William McDonald, do. 

(Killed at Three Eivers June 8.) 
Thomas Nelson, Jan. 23, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Eivers June 8.) 
Eobert Neal, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Eobert Pendergrass, Mar. 14, 1776. 
Charles Eiley, Jan. 5, 1776. 

David Eoaeh, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 12, 1776.) 
John Eoss, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Eobert Eeah, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Deserted Nov 26, 1776.) 
Francis Eowain, July 24, 1776. 

Michael Trance, Jan. 26, 1776. 

Joseph Thompson, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Wounded and captured July 24.) 
Alex. Thomas, Feb. 26, 177(3. 

John Thompson, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Deserted March 27, 1776.) 
Charles Wright, Jan. 22, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 



205 



Gnrret Wagoner, 
Andrew Wilson, 
Alex. Wilkins, 



Enlisted 

Jan. 25, 1776. 

Feb. 1, 1776. 

do. 



Enlisted 

John White, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Died July 2, 1776.) 



COMPANY No. 2. 



Robert Adams, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Killed June 21, 1776. 

Lewis Bush, do. do. June 24, 1776. 

William Bratton, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. 

William Nichol, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned June 21, 1776. 

Samuel McFerrau, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Promoted 

June 21 in Captain Wilson s Company. 
James Calderwood, Ensign. Commissioned May 1, 1776. Promoted Aug. 1, 

on board the Fleet. 
Thomas McCoy, Ensign. Commissioned Aug. 1, 1776. Taken prisoner Oct. 

1, 1776. 
John King, Ensign. Commissioned Oct. 17, 1776. 



Sergeants. 



Appointed 

James Ewing, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Samuel Woods, do. 

(Keduced June 2, 1776.) 
John McLin, do. 



Appointed 
John Smith, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Keduced May 15, 1776.) 
William Kyle, May 15, 1776. 

John Orbison, June 2, 1776. 



Corporals. 

Joseph Byars, Jan. 25, 1776. William Eenick, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Thomas Lawson, do. Josiah Wilson, June 15, 1776. 

(Reduced May 1, 1776.) Timothy O Neal, Sept. 25, 1776. 
Alex. Carnaghan, do. 

Drummer and Fifer. 
John Haset, Jan. 30, 1776. | John Wann, Jan. 25, 1776. 



Privates. 



Roger Burns, 
William Bryan, 
John Burns, 
Andrew Burns, 



Enlisted 
Jan. 25, 1776. 

do. 

Feb. 14, 1776. 
do. 



(Captured at Three Rivers June 10.) 
William Baskins, Feb. 14, 1776. 
Richard Brannon, Jan. 25, 1776. 
(Captured at Three Rivers June 10.) 
Walker Beatty, Feb. 3, 1776. 



Enlisted 
Daniel Blue, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Waiting on Gen. Schuyler.) 
John Bucket, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
James Bullain, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 10.) 
John Cachy, Jan. 30, 1776. 

Alex. Campbell, do. 

Amos Chapman, Feb. 3, 1776, 



206 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted 

Eobert Cummins, Jan. 30, 1776. 
John Conner, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Charles Dugan, Jan. 25, 1776. 

John Davis, do. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 10.) 
William Drannon, Feb. 3, 1776. 
Edward Denny, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Killed June 10, at Three Eivers.) 
George Drue, Feb. 14, 1776. 

James Duffy, Jan. 30, 1776. 

James Douglas, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Captured Oct. 1, and on parole.) 
William Dyer, Mar. 1, 1776. 

John Dougherty, Jan. 30, 1776. 
James Elliott, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Edward Edgarton, do. 

John Ewing, Feb. 6, 1776. 

Edward Gallaher, Feb. 2, 1776. 
Thomas Gillis, Feb. 17, 1776. 

Thomas Greer, Jan. 30, 1776. 

William Hamilton, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Died Sept. 1, 1776.) 
James Hamilton, Jan. 25, 1776. 
Hugh Handbury, Jan. 30, 1776. 
John Hamilton, Jan. 21, 1776. 

James Higgins, Feb. 14, 1776. 

David Hall, Feb. 4, 1776. 

George Wiseman, Jan. 21, 1776. 
William Eedstone, Jan. 21, 1776. 
Thomas Lawson, May 1, 1776. 
(Captured June 10, at Three Eivers.) 
Solomon Isaac, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Captured June 10, at Three Eivers.) 
Eichard Joyce, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Captured June 10, at Three Eivers.) 
James Kenedy, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Captured June 10, at Three Eivers.) 
Thomas Killvvell, Jan. 21, 1776. 
.William Kyle, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Promoted Sergeant May 15.) 
James Maxwell, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Thomas McGee, do. 

John McGee, do. 

Thomas Mclntire, Jan. 21, 1776. 



Enlisted 

William May, Feb. 22, 1776. 

Gilbert McCoy, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Thomas McCoy, do. 

(Promoted Ensign May 1, 1776.) 
William McGowan, Jan. 30, 1776. 
John McCartney, Feb. 2, 1776. 
Barnabas McGillagan, Feb. 5, 1776. 
James Murkhey, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Deserted May 27, 1776.) 
Andrew McGee, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Paul McNeal, Feb. 30, 1776. 

Michael McConnell, Jan. 30, 1776. 
(Captured June 10, at Three Eivers.) 
Thomas Morrow, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Taken on the Fleet Oct. 12.) 
Hugh McLane, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Captured June 10, at Three Eivers.) 
William Mooney, Mar. 1, 1776. 
Timothy O Neal, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Promoted Corporal Sept. 21.) 
John Olford, Feb. 4, 1776. 

John Obison, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Promoted Sergeant, June 2.) 
W T illiam Polch, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Died Sept. 22, 1776.) 
Jacob Pitzer, Jan. 30, 1776. 

James Quigley, Jan. 21, 1776. 

William Standup, Feb. 3, 1776. 
Joshua Smith, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Captured June 10, at Three Eivers.) 
Patt Shockney, Feb. 6, 1776. 

James Stenson, May 1, 1776. 

John Swany, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Deserted April 10, 1776.) 
James Thompson, Jan. 21, 1776. 
Evan Tomlinson, Feb. 3, 1776. 
Samuel Wood, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Captured June 10, at Three Eivers.) 
William Waugh, Feb. 3, 1776. 
John White, do. 

Josiah Wilson, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Promoted Corporal June 15.) 
John Ward, Feb. 2, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY W.AK. 



207 



COMPANY No. 3. 

Abraham Smith, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

Kobert White, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Eesigned 

February 9, 1776. 
John Alexander, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Promoted 

February 10, 1776. 

Andrew Irvine, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 9, 1776. 
Samuel Montgomery, Ensign. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Promoted June 

1, 1776. 
Samuel Kennedy, Ensign. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 

Sergeants. 

Appointed Appointed 

John Beatty, Jan. 27, 1776. Hugh Foster, Feb. 2, 1776. 

Samuel Hamilton, Jan. 80, 1776. William Scott, Feb. 11, 1776. 

(Died July 11, 1776.) William Burk, July 11, 1776. 



William Burk, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Promoted July 11, 1776.) 
George Standley, Mar. 2, 1776. 

(Died in Oct., 1776.) 
John Moore, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Died in Sept., 1776.) 
William Campbell, Feb. 8, 1776. 



Corporals. 

Seth Eichey, July 11, 1776. 

William McCormick, Sept. 25, 1776. 

William Drennon, Oct 25, 1776. 

John Fannon, Feb. 4, 1776. 

(Drummer.) 

William Cochran, Aug. 1, 1776. 

(Filer.) 



Privates. 



David Armor, 

(Deserted May 14, 1776.) 
John Brown, 
Patrick Brown, 
John Blakeley, 
John Brannon, 

(Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Philip Boyle, 
Josiah Cochran, 
Kobert Craighead, 

(Captured at Thrt 
Anthony Creevy. 
William Cochran, 

(Promoted Aug. 1, 1776.) 
James Dunlap, 



Enlisted 




Enlisted 


b. 9, 1776. 


Thomas Drennon, 


Feb. 12, 1776. 


5.) 


William Downey, 


do. 


b. 3, 1776. 


Hugh Drennon, 


Feb. 14, 1776. 


b. 4, 1776. 


Daniel Divinney, 


Feb. 20, 1776. 


b. 22, 1776. 


(Captured Oct. 12, 


1776.) 


ir. 9, 1776. 


Patrick Flemming, 


Feb. 1, 1776. 


6.) 


William Guin, 


Jan. 29, 1776. 


ir. 9, 1776. 


Alex. Gordon, 


Jan. 27, 1776. 


n. 29, 1776. 


Eobert Gregg, 


Feb. 22, 1776. 


b. 6, 1776. 


Thomas Higgins, 


Jan. 30, 1776. 


ers June 9.) 


(Captured Oct. 12, 


1776.) 


b. 19, 1776. 


James Holliday, 


Fel). 3, 1776. 


ir. 2, 1776. 


Thomas Holmes, 


Feb. 4, 1776. 


6.) 


John Hendricks, 


April 8, 1776. 


b. 2, 1776. 


(Deserted May 28, 


1776.) 



208 



OFFICEES AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted 

Robert Jarret, Feb. 2, 1776. 

Thomas Johnson, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 9.) 
Benjamin Ishmail, Feb. 12, 1776. 
Samuel Love, Jan. 29, 1776. 

George Lucas, Feb. 10, 1776. 

Nicholas Little, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 9.) 
James Lowry, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Daniel McKissock, Jan. 9, 1776. 
John McCollam, do. 

William McCormick, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Promoted Sept. 25, 1776.) 
Michael McGarra, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Deserted May 28, 1776.) 
Bryan McLaughlin, Feb. 2, 1776. 
John McFetridge, 
John Montgomery, 
Michael McMullan, 
James McKissock, 
Adam McBrea, 
Alex. Moore, 
John McDowell, 
Robert Miller, 
Hugh Milligan, 
Samuel McBrea, 

(Died Aug. 10, 1776.) 
Robert Mcllno, Feb. 

Alex. McKenny, Mar. 

Moses Powell, Feb. 

(Killed Sept. 6, 1776.) 



do. 
Feb. 3, 1776. 

do. 

do. 
Feb. 4, 1776. 

do. 
Feb. 5, 1776. 

do. 

Feb. 7, 1776. 
12, 1776. 



25, 1776. 

4, 1776. 

19, 1776. 



Feb. 



Nathaniel Points, 
John Rannell, 
Seth Richey, 
(Promoted July 11,1776.) 



Enlisted 
Feb. 2, 1776. 

do. 
Feb. 4, 1776. 



Patrick Rogers, 
John Rannell, jun., 
Peter Runey, 
Alex. Reid (sick), 
Alexander Reid, 2d, 



Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Mar. 



4, 1776. 

5, 1776. 
9, 1776. 

26, 1776. 
3, 1776. 



(Captured at Three Rivers June 9.) 



Mar. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 



Barthol. Roharty, 
Thomas Smith, 
Patrick Silvers, 
Thomas Scott, 
George Simpson, 
Robert Swime, 
John Stoops, 
Adam Sheaver, 
William Stitt, 
Peter Sheran, 

(Deserted May 14.) 
Charles Tipper, Jan. 

John Todd, Jan. 

Michael White, Feb. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 9.) 
James White, Feb. 16, 1776. 

John McKingham, do. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 9.) 
John Wilson, Feb. 16, 1776. 

John Young, Feb. 4, 1776. 



9, 1776. 
29, 1776. 
6, 1776. 
7, 1776. 
13, 1776. 
20, 1776. 
22, 1776. 
do. 
do. 
Mar. 5, 1776. 



27, 1776. 
29, 1776. 
10, 1776. 



COMPANY No. 4. 

William Rippey, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

W T ilIiam Alexander, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

moted to Captain, June 1, 1776. 

Alexander Parker, First-lieutenant. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 
John Brooks, Second-lieutenant. do. January 9, 1776. 

William Lusk, Ensign. do. do. 



Pro- 



Sergeants. 



John Hughes, 
Robert Watt, 



Appointed 

Jan. 18, 17 

do. 



John McClelland, 
William Anderson, 



Appointed 
Jan. 18, 1776. 
do. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



209 



Corporals. 



Appointed 

William Gibb, Jan. 19, 1776. 

(Promoted in August to Capt. Wil 
son s Co.) 

Jeremiah McKiblen, Jan. 26, 1776. 
James McCullough, do. 

Privates. 



Appointed 

George Gordon, Jan. 26, 1776. 

Nathaniel Stevenson, Jan. 27, 1776. 
Daniel Peterson, Mar. 26, 1776. 

(Drummer.) 
Wm. Eichards, Filer, Jan. 18, 1776. 



Enlisted 

Jacob Anderson, Feb. 12, 1776. 
Robert Barckley, Jan. 22, 1776. 
Bernard Burns, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Drummed out May 10.) 
Robert Caskey, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Henry Caistweight, Feb. 2, 1776. 
Kobert Cortney, do. 

Jac bChristyardenger,Feb. 1, 1776. 
Benjamin Cochran, Jan. 18, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Kivers, June 8.) 
Hugh Cull, Jan. 24,1776. 

John Collins, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 22, 1776.) 
William Doucherty, Feb. 



Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 



John Davison, 
Joseph Divin, 
Anthony Dawson, 
Thomas Dycke, 
James Finerty, 
Hugh Forsyth, 
Hugh Ferguson, 
Ter ranee Falls, 
William George, 
Henry Girven, 
Thomas Gill, 
Jacob Glouse, 
Nathan Hemphill, 
Robert Haslet, 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
John Hendry, Feb. 5, 1776. 

William Henderson, Jan. 18, 1776. 

(Discharged April 18, 1776.) 
James Hervey, Jan. 18, 1776. 

(Died Aug. 10, 1776.) 
Cumberland Hamilton, Jan. 23, 1776. 



2, 1776. 

28, 1776. 
18, 1776. 
27, 1776. 
26, 1776. 

Feb. 12, 1776. 
Jan. 18, 1776. 

do. 
Jan. 31, 1776. 

29, 1776. 
3, 1776. 

Feb. 18, 1776. 
Jan. 31, 1776. 

22, 1776. 

29, 1776. 



Jan. 
Feb. 



Jan. 
Feb. 



Enlisted 
Neal Hardon, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Kivers, June 8.) 
George Hewett, Feb. 5, 1776. 

Jacob Justice, Jan. 20, 1776. 

Robert Irvine, Feb. 29, 1776. 

John Johnston, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Christopher Kechler, Jan. 29, 1776. 
Francis Kain, Jan. 31, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 24, 1776.) 
John Kelly, 
William Lowry, 
Daniel Lavery, 
David Linsey, 
James Lynch, 
John Madden, 
Josiah McCall, 
John Me Michael, 
James McComb, 
William Mclntire, 



John Moore, 
James Mullan, 
Thomas McCall, 
Philip Melon, 



Feb. 
Jan. 
Mar. 

(Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Alexander McNichols, Feb. 8,1776. 



Jan. 18, 1776. 
Feb. 1, 1776. 
Feb. 19, 1776. 
18, 1776. 
26, 1776. 
20, 1776. 
3, 1776. 
5, 1776. 
1, 1776. 
Jan. 81,1776. 
Feb. 1, 1776. 
3, 1776. 
29, 1776. 
1, 1776. 



Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Mar. 
Feb. 



James McCoy, 
James McCon, 
David McClain, 
John McDonal, 
Daniel McClain, 
John McGaw, 
Charles Melone, 
George McFerson, 
William Nicholson, 
John Ortman, 



Feb. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Mar. 



1, 1776. 
20, 1776. 
18, 1776. 
20, 1776. 
26, 1776. 

8, 1776. 

5, 1776. 
19, 1776. 

1, 1776. 

6, 1776. 



210 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John O Neal, 
Thomas Pratt, 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Thomas Parsons, 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Aaron Patterson, 
Charles Kosbrough, 
John Eosbrough, 
Jabez Rogers, 

(Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Thomas Eeed, 
Robert Robeson, 

(Captured June 
Basil Regan, 

(Killed June 21, 1776.) 
John Storm, 



Enlisted Enlisted 


Jan. 19, 1776. 


Henry Scott, Jan. 81, 1776 


Jan. 18, 1776. 


(Captured June 8, 1776.) 


1776.) 


Alex. Stephenson, Feb. 12, 1776. 


Feb. 1, 1776. 


(Captured June 8, 1776.) 


776.) 


Nathaniel Stephenson, Jan. 27, 1776- 


Mar. 6, 1776. 


(Promoted Nov. 10, 1776.) 


Jan. 22, 1776. 


James Smiley, Feb. 5, 1776. 


do. 


William Thompson, Jan. 19, 1776. 


Feb. 1, 1776. 


John Tribel, Jan. 18, 1776. 


1776.) 


Jacob Trash, Feb. 1, 1776. 


Jan. 18, 1776. 


John Van Kirk, Jan. 18, 1776. 


Jan. 27, 1776. 


John Winn, Feb. 3, 1776. 


776.) 


John Wright, Jan. 31, 1776. 


Jan. 18, 1776. 


Peter Young, Feb. 2, 1776. 


6.) 


(Deserted April 7, 1776.) 


Jan. 22, 1776. 





COMPANY No 5. 



James A. Willson, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken prisoner, 

July 24, 1776. 
Lewis Bush, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Promoted in 

Captain Adams Company, June 24. 
Samuel McFerren, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken 

prisoner, June 21, 1776. 

William McClelland, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Resigned. 
Robert Wilson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
Joseph Culbertson, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Killed June 21,1776. 
John Bush, Ensign. Commissioned June 24, 1776. 



Robert Phillips, 
Robert Morton, 



Francis Alexander, 
Jonathan Stirling, 



Thomas Neilson, 



William Alexander, 
James Chambers, 
Christopher Chisar, 
Alexander Cook, 



Sergeants. 
Corporals. 

Drum and Fife. 

I 
Privates. 



John Morrison, 
William Gibb. 



Dennis Hughes, 
Thomas Cavan. 



John McIIroy. 



Anthony Cochran, 
Dennis Dailey, 
William Fletcher, 
John Ferris, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



211 



Josiah Gilbreath, 
Eoger Goff, 
Alexander Graham, 
William Hanna, 
Eobert Harris, 
Arthur Harson, 
Joseph Linton, 
John Mann, 
James McKain, 
Henry McChain, 
Eobert McCormack, 
David McCoy, 
Samuel McCullough, 
Patt McDonald, 
James Kirkpatrick, 
James McGuire, 
Samuel McKey, 
James McKinley, 
John McGlaughlan, 



John McForely, 
David Miller, 
George Mock, 
Joseph Moore, 
John Miller, 
Eobert Murry, 
Daniel Murry, 
John O Neill, 
John Parker, 
George Patrick, 
Joseph Pinkerton, 
Charles Strong, 
John Thompson, 
Eobert Todd, 
Hector White, 
Michael Wickard, 
William Wiggans, 
Joseph Wren, 
John Smith. 



COMPANY No. 6. 

David Grier, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Promoted Major, 
June 1, 1776. 

William Alexander, Captain. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 

John McDowel, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January, 9, 1776. 

Abdiel McAllister, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Cap 
tured June 21, 1776. 

William Nichols, Ensign. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Promoted to Capt. 
Bush s Company, June 21, 1776. 

John Hughes, Ensign. Commissioned June 21, 1776. 



Andrew Walker, 
John Knox, 



James Lawson, 
Felix Mcllhenny, 
(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

James Hamilton, 



William Anguish, 
John Brian, 



Sergeants. 

I 

Corporals. 



Eobert Jeffries, 
John Hoyman. 



David Lathen, 

Ezra Johnson, 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

Drum and Fife. 

I Mathias Wright, 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

Privates. 

Eobert Bond, 
James Berry, 



212 



OFFICERS AND PBIVATES 



George Baker, 


John Pearcy, 


George Cooper, 


William Quigley, 


Cornelius Corrigan, 


James Robinson, 


John Clemmons, 


Joseph Russell, 


Adam Conn, 


Patrick Rooney, 


Archibald Campbell, 


Archibald Shaw, 


John Doice, 


James Stevenson, 


Charles Dougherty, 


Peter Swartz, 


David Davis, 


George Swartz, 


Alexander Eason, 


Philip Shive, 


Kobert Forsyth, 


Patrick Scullion, 


Joseph Gettis, 


Peter Sidle, 


James Herkins, 


Francis Shanley, 


Thomas Hoy, 


Michael Shultz, 


William Johnston, 


Peter Seigh, 


Kobert Johnston, 


James Shaw, 


James McMullin, 


Balzer Swank, 


Henry McKissick, 


Edward Spencer, 


John McCall, 


John Snider, 


Lawrence Mealy, 


Jacob Trace, 


William McCoy, 


Edward Welch, 


John McDonald, 


Joseph Wilson, 


Samuel McGowan, 


Joseph Wead, 


Patrick O Lean, 


William Wilkinson, 


Peter O Neal, 


Adam Weaverling, 


James Price, 


George Worley. 


Prisoners captured from this Company. 


Captured 


Captured 


George Conner, June 14, 1776. 


William Mason, June 8, 1776 


John Dougherty, June 8, 1776. 


Mathias Wright, do. 


Thomas Delany, do. 


Lawrence Mealy, do. 


Charles Gyfinger, June 21, 1776. 


Dennis Murphy, do. 


Peter Grant, June 8, 1776. 


Jacob Mathews, do. 


Edw. Hickinbottom, June 14, 1776. 


Murtough Redmond, do. 


Thomas Kelly, June 8, 1776. 


John Taylor, do. * 


James Leison, do. 





COMPANY No. 7. 

Moses McLean, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken prisoner 
June 21, 1776. 

Earned Eichelberger, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

John Edie, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken pris 
oner June 8, 1776. 

Edward Stille, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



213 



John Hoge, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken pris 
oner June 8, 1776. 
Robert Hopes, Ensign. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

Sergeants. 

Eobert Ealston, John King, 

John Smith, (Promoted Oct. 17, 1776.) 

James Milligan, Kobert Alison, 

(Appointed Oct. 17, 1776-) 

Corporals. 
Henry Tibbons, 
John Walker, 
Andrew Miller, 



Hugh Bradley, 



Patrick Conner, 



John McGee, 
(Appointed Oct. 18, 1776.) 

David Sloane, 
(Appointed Oct. 18, 1776.) 

Drum and Fife. 



John Ad air, 
John Brown, 
Joseph Barclay, 
George Blakely, 
John Blair, 
William Cochran, 
William Eavan, 
Kobert Crawford, 
Thomas Chesney, 
James Conn, 
David Cunningham, 
Patrick Cunningham, 
William Dingley, 
Felix Duffield, 
Thomas Dill, 
John Dunlap, 
William Entrican, 
Alexander Faith, 
Thomas Graynor, 
Matthias Gerard, 
William Hughes, 
John Hargie, 
James Johnston, 
Eobert Alison, 
(Promoted Oct. 17, 1776.) 
Aaron Jayne, 
George Johnston, 
Samuel Kinkaid, 



I 
Privates. 



Eichard Stack. 

Patrick King, 
Wm. King, Artificer. 
Joseph Long, 
Patrick Limerick, 
John McGee, 

(Promoted Oct. 18, 1776.) 
William McDonald, 
John McBride, 
Neal McGonagle, 
Patrick McGuan, 
Charles Mahon, 
Eneas Murray, 
Owen McKeeder, 
James Maxwell, 
John McWilliams, 
Jacob McFarland, 
Christian Morgan, 
Dennis O Hara, 
John Patten, 
John Patterson, 
John Kobinson, 
John Simonton, 
William Semple, 
Peter Sullivan, 
David Sloane, 

(Promoted Oct. 18, 1776.) 
Eli Shugart. 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



COMPANY No. 8. 

Jeremiah Talbott, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
John McDonald, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
Alexander Brown, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
William Graham, Ensign. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 



Sergeants. 



John McCollam, 
John Wilson, 

William Campbell, 
Robert Hunter, 

John Melton, 

Robert As ten, 
John Bradley, 
William Black, 
John Church, 
George Coghren, 
Francis Clark, 
Robert Carnahan, 
Charles Connor, 
John Campbell, 
Joseph Chambers, 
John Dinning, 
William Evans, 
John Faulkner, 
Hugh Fairess, 
James Gardner, 
David Gibson, 
William Heaslet, 
John Heatherington, 
Duke Handlon, 
John Higgins, 
Kern Kelly, 
Stephen Lyon, 
Jacob Lewis, 
Hugh Lilly, 
James McFarlan, 
John Marten, 
Robert Mellon, 
Benjamin Morrison, 



Corporals. 



Drum and Fife. 



Privates. 



James Cuppels, 
Samuel Mitchell. 



John Chain, 
John Reniston. 



John Killin. 



Charles McKown, 
Archibald McDonald, 
Thomas Mitchell, 
Charles Murray, 
Patrick Murray, 
Matthew McConnell, 
Thomas McCreary, 
Lawrence McCreary, 
Abel Morgan, 
Charles McMullin, 
Archibald Nickel, 
Andrew Pinkerton, 
Samuel Power, 
John Pollock, 
James Quarre, 
William Shaw, 
Mike Sesalo, 
John Shoomaker, 
James Sloan, 
John Totton, 
John Thompson, 
Hugh Thompson, 
William White, 
John White, 
John Welch, 
Robert Watson, 
Isaac Wiley. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



215 



FIELD AND STAFF OF COL. WILLIAM IRVINE S PENNSYLVANIA REGI 
MENT, AS IT STOOD JULY 31, 1777. 



William Irvine, Colonel. 
David Gricr, Lieutenant-colonel. 
Samuel Hay, Major. 
John Eose, Surgeon. 
Robert Elliott, Adjutant, 
ames Gamble, Quartermaster. 

Jeremiah Talbott, 
William Alexander, 
William Bratton, 
John McDowell, 



John Knight, Paymaster. 
John Morrison, Sergeant-major. 
William McGriggar, Quartermaster s 

Sergeant. 

John Melton, Drum-major. 
Kichard Stack, Fife-major. 

Captains. 

John Alexander, 
Alexander Parker, 
Eobert Willson, 
Samuel Montgomery. 



CAPT. ROBERT WILLSON S 
IT STOOD 

Kobert Willson, Captain. 
John Bush, Lieutenant. 
James Williamson, do. 
John O Neal, Sergeant. 
James Kilpatrick, do. 

John Mann, 
Alex. Porter, 
John Parker, 
William Miles, 
John McSorely, 
Patrick Black, 
Edward McKillan, 
Daniel Murray, 
James Chambers, 1st, 



COMPANY, COL. IRVINE S REGIMENT, AS 
NOVEMBER 30, 1777. 

William McGrigger, Sergeant. 
John Dugan, Drummer. 
Josiah Gilbreath, Corporal. 
John Gibney, do. 

William McMullan, do. 



Privates. 



Eichard Cummins, 
Hector White, 
Joseph Eenn, 
John Collins, 
William Wiggans, 
James Moore, 
James Chambers, 2d, 
Daniel Sullivan, 
John McLaughlin. 



CAPT. WILLIAM BRATTON S COMPANY, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 1777. 



William Bratton, Captain. 
Thomas McCoy, Lieutenant. 
William Armstrong, Ensign. 
Timothy O Neal, Sergeant. 

Francis Henry, 
Patrick Shockey, 
John Print, 



Privates. 



Amos Chapman, Sergeant. 
Thomas Gillis, do. 

Edward Steen, Drummer. 
John Wann, Fifer. 

Peter Martin, 
Peter Loyd, 
David Hall, 



216 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Peter Eooney, 
James Elliott, 
James Simonton, 
Edward Edgarton, 
John Beatty, 
Daniel Dunnivan, 



Patt. McDonald, 
John Kyan, 
John McKean, 
Fergus Lee, 
John Taylor, 
Gilbert McCay. 



CAPT. SAMUEL MONTGOMERY S COMPANY, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 1777. 



Samuel Montgomery, Captain. 
Samuel Bryson, Lieutenant. 
John McGee, Ensign. 
William .Roberts, Sergeant. 
Josias Wilson, do 



Privates. 



Darby Brannon, 
James Maloy, 
William McCoy, 
Eudy McCoy, 
Garret Wagoner, 
Samuel McClane, 
Thomas Means, 
Charles Dongan, 
Thomas Johnston, 
Thomas Payne, 
Edward Davison, 
James Graham, 
Eobert Allice, 
William Mclntire, 
Thomas Dyke, 
John Mellon, 
Andrew Griffy, 



James Maxwell, Sergeant. 
Eobert Todd, do. 

Charles Eiley, Corporal. 
Daniel Cogdail, Drummer. 
Christian Crow, Fi/er. 

Philip Brown, 
John Allen, 
Francis Curty, 
William McDonald, 
Charles McConnell, 
William Brinnagan, 
Edward McMullan, 
John Heathrington, 
James McGuire, 
Joseph Chambers, 
Daniel McGarrigan, 
Lawrence Kerry, 
John Cavanagh, 
John Flinn, 
Samuel Perry, 
William Eoberts. 



CAPT. JEREMIAH TALBOTT S COMPANY, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 1777. 



Jeremiah Talbott, Captain. 
Andrew Irvine, Lieutenant. 
Joseph Torrance, do. 
John McCollam, Ensign. 
William Gibb, Sergeant. 

Jacob Weaver, 
Francis O Hara, 
Charles Conner, 
William Foster, 



Privates. 



Eobert Hunter, Sergeant. 
Thomas Whiteley, do. 
Hugh Thompson, do. 
John Smith, Corporal. 



Patt. Murray, 
Felix O Neal, 
Charles Kelly, 
James Eawls, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



217 



Daniel McCarty, 
Joseph West, 
Hugh Casady, 
John McKinley, 
Michael Pitzler, 
Patt Boyle, 



George Coghran, 
James Lee, 
John Johnson, 
Andrew McGrahy, 
Edward Hart, 
John Curray. 



CAPT. ALEXANDER PARKER S COMPANY, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 1777. 

James McConn, Corporal. 
Michael Madden, do. 
George McPherson, do. 
Edward McGinnis, Drummer. 
William Price, Fifer. 



Alexander Parker, Captain. 
William Lusk, Lieutenant. 
John Blair, do. 

John Hughes, Ensign. 
John Kenniston, Sergeant. 
George Hewett, do. 



Privates. 



John McMichael, 
Cumberland Hamilton, 
Henry Gawin, 
John Carney, 
John Dugan, 
William Intrican, 
Hugh Call, 
John Winn, 
Michael Shields, 
Peter Sheckel, 
Andrew Craley, 
William Carman, 
Thomas McClain, 



James Davidson, 
Kobert George, 
Bartholomew McGuire, 
Joseph Cenney, 
Jacob douse, 
John Hoar, 
John Wright, 
John Johnston, 
Anthony Spinkhouse, 
Eobert Elliott, 
Thomas Hunt, 
John Tribble, 
William Nicholson. 



CAPT. JOHN MCDOWELL S COMPANY, AS IT STOOD Nov. 1, 1777. 



John McDowell, Captain. 
William Miller, Lieutenant. 
Eobert McPherson, do. 
James Milligan, Ensign. 
Koger Gaff, Sergeant. 

John Connolly, 
James Quin, 
Marly Sullivan, 
James Welch, 
William Bradshaw, 
John Fanning, 
John McCalloh, 
Edward Welch, 



Privates. 



Adam Linn, Sergeant, 
Thomas Gainer, do. 
William Manly, Corporal. 
Paul Conner, Drummer. 



Patt McKeehan, 
Thomas Chesney, 
Patt Keing, 
Dennis Murphy, 
Bartholomew Mulloy, 
Philip Duffield, 
Edward Atchison, 
Henry Garman, 



10 



218 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Campbell, 
Alex. McDaniel, 
Daniel Connor, 
Samuel Gilmore, 
Michael Lenonagan, 



John Walch, 
George Blackloy, 
Neal McGunnagle, 
James Johnston, 
Solomon Silas. 



CAPT. JOHN ALEXANDER S COMPANY, AS IT STOOD Nov. 1, 1777. 



John Alexander, Captain. 
Kobert Peebles, Lieutenant. 
William Wilson, Ensign. 
William McCormic, Sergeant. 

William Bruce, 
John Benson, 
William Marshall, 
John Smith, 
Philip Boyle, 
Alexander Reid, 
John Alexander, 
Andrew Pinkerton, 
George Patrick, 
Thomas Johnston, 
John Collins, 
Kobert Craighead, 



Privates. 



John Nicholson, Sergeant. 
Joshua Cochran, Corporal. 
Matthew McConnell, do. 
Eobert Gregg, do. 

John Todd, 
Patrick McCue, 
John Ford, 
James Bonine r 
John Hays, 
Michael Hogan, 
John Quin, 
Henry Gorman, 
James Hamil, 
Thomas Pezzy, 
Kearns Kelly. 



CAPT. WM. ALEXANDER S COMPANY, AS IT STOOD Nov. 1, 1777. 



William Alexander, Captain. j 

Samuel Kennedy, Ist-lieutenant. 
Alexander Russell, 2d do. 
Kobert McWheeliug, Ensign. 
John Smith, Sergeant. 
Joseph Wade, do. 



Privates. 



James Berry, 
John Brains, 
Adam Conn, 
John McCall, 
Patt Rooney, 
Cornelius Conigan, 
William Wilkison, 
Henry Frett, 
John Clemonds, 
David Davis, 
James Harkins, 
James Donovan, 



Matthew Way, Sergeant. 
William Gray, do. 
George Brown, Corporal, 
Joseph Rawlings, do. 
James Hamilton, do. 
Joseph Templeton, do. 

George Worley, 
John McGinnis, 
William Courtney, 
Patt. McCormick, 
Timothy Murphy, 
William Guthrie, 
Patt. McGonaghy, 
William Anguish, 
James Price, 
Kichard Henley, 
Thomas McConn. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



219 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OF ENLISTMENT 
OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF COL. ARMAND S LEGION. 

Charles Armand (Marquis de la Rouarie), Colonel. Commissioned May 10, 1777. 

Count de Ottendorff, Major. 

Jost Driesback, Captain. Commissioned February 22, 1777. 

Anthony Selin, do. do. December 10, 1776. 

Bauer, do. do. do. 

Lieutenant De Howelman, Quartermaster. Commissioned Dec. 9, 1776. 
John Paul Schott, Captain. Commissioned December 9, 1776. 

COMPANY No. 1. 

Jost Driesback, Captain. Commissioned March 8, 1777. 
Conrad Latur, First-lieutenant. Commissioned March 8, 1777. 
Jacob Glaeton, Lieutenant. Commissioned March 3, 1777. 
Henry Beats, Sergeant. Commissioned March 1, 1777. 
Daniel Woible, Sergeant. Commissioned February 16, 1777. 

Privates. 
Enlisted 

John Eeaty, 
Daniel Shitz, 
John Keisty, 
John Koehler, 
John Wint, 
John Kinkings, 
George Kearn, 



Jacob Arner, Feb. 21, 1777. 

John Eeity, do. 

Eichard Eichardson, do. 



Peter Gruber, 
Jacob Long, 
Jacob Hess, 
Henry Keck, 
Adam Brandhefer, 
Oliver Moles, 
Christian Shitz, 
Jacob Miller, 
Jacob Frey, 



Feb. 24,1777. 
Feb. 25, 1777. 
Feb. 26, 1777. 

do. 

do. 

Mar. 1, 1777. 
Mar. 2, 1777. 
Mar. 3, 1777. 
Mar. 15, 1777. 



Daniel Koad, 
Martin Brechel, 
John Arner, 
Eberhardt Hahl, 



Enlisted 
Mar. 15,1777. 
Mar. 31, 1777. 
April 1,1777. 
April 2,1777. 

do. 

do. 

April 5, 1777. 
April 10, 1777. 
April 20, 1777. 

do. 
April 29, 1777. 



COUNT DE OTTEN 

Enlisted 
Johannes Mitchel, April 20, 1777. 
Hans Georg Klein, April 21, 1777. 
Andreas Sturnburt, April 6, 1777. 
Christian Casseur, April 7, 1777. 
Eobert Stuart, April 24, 1777. 
Joseph Outbridge, April 25, 1777. 
Jacob Hess, do. 
Johann G. Neunrich, April 26, 1777. 
Johannes Hoffman, April 27, 1777. 


DORFF S COMPANY. 

George Stepper, 
Philip Weber, 
Henreich Shaffer, 
Henry Beatz, 
Jacob Orner, 
Peter Gruver, 
Hcnrich Donich, 
Geo. Laughramer, 
Charles Geisinger, 



Unlisted 
April 27, 1777. 
April 28, 1777. 
Mar. 1, 1777. 

do. 

Feb. 21, 1777. 
Feb. 24, 1777. 

do. 

Jan. 23, 1777. 
Jan. 13, 1777. 



220 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Matthias Giintzell, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


John Thomson, 


Feb. 17, 1777. 


John Blum, 


Jan. 14, 1777. 


John Schuh, 


Jan. 20, 1777. 


Valentine Keyser, 


Jan. 17, 1777. 


Henreich Bartholome, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


George Marcks, 


Jan. 24, 1777. 


John Hawkins, 


Jan. 10, 1777. 


Jeams Reichway, 


Jan. 6, 1777. 


John Trow, 


Mar. 22, 1777. 


John Philips, 


Jan. 17,1777. 


Philip Grimm, 


Mar. 11, 1777. 


John Koch, 


Jan. 25, 1777. 


Wilhelm Dorn, 


Mar. 22, 1777. 


Samuel Murden, 


Jan. 27,1777. 


Henrich Donich, 


Dec. 10, 1776. 


John Barrel, 


do. 


Arnold Loos, 


Dec. 21, 1776. 


George Rex, 


Jan. 30, 1777. 


Jacob Kern, 


Dec. 23, 1776. 


Christopher Bagal, 


do. 


Edmond Lynch, 


Jan. 10, 1777. 


William Toliver, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


John Morgin, 


Jan. 19, 1777. 


Isaac Haal, 


Feb. 8, 1777. 


James Sorfll, 


Jan. 23, 1777. 


John Walter, 


Jan. 28,1777. 


Jacob Ferngold, 


Feb. 3, 1777. 


John Green, 


Feb. 8, 1777. 


Christian Fels, 


do. 


James Dreiskoll, 


Feb. 10, 1777. 


Pierre Triest, 


Feb. 7, 1777. 


Andreas Bengell, 


do. 


James Brucks, 


do. 


Michael Berry. 


do. 


John Geisinger, 


Mar. 16, 1777. 


John Bengell, 


Feb. 20, 1777. 


Alexander Black, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


George Fill, 


Feb. 22, 1777. 


Adolph Grieslins, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 



COMPANY No. 2. 



Anthony Selins, Captain. 
Lawrence Myers, Lieutenant. 
Christian Froelick, do. 
Arnold Loose, Volunteer. 
Philip Strubine, do. 

Henrich De Gevricourt, do. 
Henrich Luders, Sergeant. 

Henrich Donig, 
J earns Rigeway, 
John Philips, 
John Eoge, 
Samuel Murden, 
Mathias Gengill, 
John Darrell, 
Michael Berry, 
William Dura, 
John Bengell, 



Privates. 



Henrich Bartolomia, Sergeant. 
John Blum, do. 

Valentine Keiser, do. 
George Marks, Corporal. 
John Walter, do. 
John Schu, Drummer. 
John Tomson, Fifer. 

George Kex, 
Isaac Haal, 
John Green, 
Thomas Driswall, 
Andrew Bengell, 
Daniel Klein, 
John Trow, 
George Deal, 
John Eberts, 
William Marks. 



COMPANY No. 3. 



John Paul Schott, Captain. 
Christian Mancke, Lieutenant. 



George Schaffncr, Lieutenant. 
Fredrich Licbe, Sergeant. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



221 



George Dean, Sergeant. 
George Langeamer, do. 
Frederick Bargman, Corporal. 



Tui Cromwell, 
George Rearing, 
Peter Corback, 
Henry Mincks, 
Tobias Ritter, 
Andony Leopard, 
John Haal, 



Privates. 



David Breckle, Corporal. 

John Gedeke, do. 

John Woodbridge, Drummer. 



Jacob Phaltzer, 
Jacob Reiner, 
John Plesch, 
Johnson Borwell, 
Charles Weels, 
Gabriel Vilein, 
Nadaniel Johns. 



COMPANY No. 4. 



Jacob Bauer, Captain. 
Baron De Wehtritz, Lieut. 
John Sharp, do. 

Jacob Young, Sergeant. 



Oliver Moles, 
George Eirig, 
John Sheperd, 
Godfrey Niemerich, 
Jonathan Lynch, 
William Roak, 
John Geisel, 
John Pattis, 
Jacob Shaver, 



Privates. 



George Bamburg, Sergeant. 
John Mannerson, Corporal. 
Andrew Homberg, do. 
Andrew Ransier, Drummer. 



John Mitchell, 
George Klein, 
Charles Feidler, 
Andrew Reboarg, 
Peter Gruber, 
John Walsch, 
Charles Butner, 
Adam Sypert, 
Jacob Ferncorn. 



NAMES AND KANK OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OP THE THIRD 
VACANT COMPANY OF THE GERMAN REGIMENT OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
COMMANDED BY COL. LEWIS WfiLTNER, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY 
FORGE, IN MARCH, 1778. 



Philip Gray bell, Captain. Resigned 

March 12, 1778. 
William Rice, First-lieutenant. 
Martin Sugart, Second-lieutenant. 
William Rumelson, Sergeant. 



Frederick Sollars, Sergeant. 
George Stouffer, do. 

Joseph Hook, Corporal. 
Jacob Etter, do. 



222 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Privates. 



Ferdinand Lorants, 
Michael Crowley, 
Anthony Miller, 
John Schlife, 
John Eisell, 
Michael Kershner, 
John Harley, 
Fred. Wm. Haller, 
Jacob Myers, 
John Schaffer, 
Philip Shautz, 
Wolgong Ebsberger, 
Wendle Laurentz, 
Henry Smith, 
Nicholas Reiser, 
Eudolph Grower, 



Joseph Williams, 
Abraham Frantz, 
George Lighhiser, 
David Mumma, 
James Caple, 
Peter Baker, 
Jacob Meily, 
John Schryock, 
William Craft, 
Joseph Striber, 
Paul Esling, 
George Cretho, 
David Finck, 
John Smith, 
Henry Eumfelt, 
Michael Huling. 



NAMES AND RANK OF THE INVALID REGIMENT OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
COMMANDED BY COLONEL LEWIS NlCOLA, AS IT WAS DISCHARGED, 
APRIL, 1783. 



Lewis Nicola, Colonel. 
Thomas Arnold, Captain. 
Moses McFarland, do. 
John McGowan, do. 

John Kiely, do. 

Ebenezer Hills, do. 

William McHatton, Capt. Lieut. 
Jonathan Pugh, Lieut, and Adjutant. 
Osgood Carleton, Lieut, and Q,t. Mast. 
Matthew Maus, Surgeon. 
Christopher Taylor, Surgeon s Mate. 



Talmadge Hall, Lieut, and Paymaster. 
Samuel Gibbs, Lieutenant. 
Robert Barnett, do. 

William Maynard, do. 
Philip Leibert, Captain. 
John D. Woelper, do. 
William Williams, do. 
Leonard Cooper, do. 
Eli Sterors, Sergeant-major. 
David Hilly er, Qt. Mast. s Sergeant. 
Robert Hunter, Drum-major. 



Privates and others. 



George Ceely, Sergeant. 
Andrew Dunlap, do. 
John Sullivan, do. 

Andrew Deal, do. 

William Wear, do. 

James Hunter, Corporal. 
Stephen Chapman, do. 



Willard Pierce, Corporal. 
Ichabod Coe, Fifer. 
Thomas Abbott, 
Michael Bazel, 
Anthony Benford, 
Luke Brady, 
Jeremiah Belcher, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



223 



Thomas Brackett, 

Robert Clark, 

John Campbell, 

Benjamin Cheshire, 

Alexander Dickey, 

Duncan Frazer, 

Peter Fitzpatrick, 

Enos Fraukinson, 

Cato Freeman, 

Cash Finney, 

Robert Freemoult, 

Jatnes Foster, 

John Groves, 

Joseph Harrop, 

John Harris, 

Jonathan Hubard, 

Matthew Kelly, 

George Krottte, 

Peter Liddington, 

Henry Lawson. 

Robert Lynn, 

John Leigher, 

Roger McCullough, 

Paul McTall, 

John McGunghey, 

William McAllister, 

John McConnell, 

John McKewing, 

Bazley Moffett, 

William Pinnard, 

William Ryan, 

John Rowland, 

Bartlett Robinson, 

John Robins, 

Lawrence Smith, 

John Smith, 

Nathan Stiles, 

Samuel Thompson, 

Edward Tobin, 

Peter Thompson, 

Edward Welch, 

Joseph Welch. 

Timothy Conner, Corporal. 

William Barkhill, Sergeant. 

Edward Franklin, do. 

Jonah Malting, Corporal. 



John Baily, Drummer. 

Robert Baker, 

James Barklor, 

Peter Collins, 

John Dismond, 

Joshua Gray, 

George Hansell, 

John Hackett, 

ASA Hays, 

Stephen Luddleton, 

John Murray, 

Mark Martin, 

Elasha Munsell, 

John Owens, 

James Serdon, 

Asa Seymour. 

John Mundin, Sergeant. 

Thomas Gerald, do. 

John Price, do. 

John Bristol, do. 

John Keating, Corporal. 

John Mundin, Drummer. 

Peter Mundin, do. 

Frederick Boardman, Fifer. 

Joel Beers, 

William Tomlinson, 

Michael Berry, 

Judah Bills, 

Nicl>olas Bar tr urn, 

Daniel Bragden, 

John Corbett, 

Barnabas Dougherty, 

John Delaguin, 

Joseph Freeman, 

William Feagan, 

John Freelove, 

Samuel Hodgins, 

Southwick Hubbard, 

William Johnston, 

Martin Jordan, 

James Lipscomb, 

David Lincoln, 

Lawrence Morfee, 

James McCarapher, 

John McDonald, 

Peter McCoy, 



224 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Dan Mansfield, 

Patrick Marr, 

Kuf us Newport, 

James Nicholas, 

John O Neal, 

John Nutting, 

Asa Porter, 

Samuel Pike, 

William Putrin, 

Francis Pollard, 

Philip Eichardsoo, 

James Eankin, 

Zubil Stone, 

James Taylor, 

Ebenezer Waterman, 

Caleb Woods, 

Margaret Corbin, 

Peter Willard. 

Gideon Noble, Corporal. 

William Eider, 

Moses Boardman, 

Edward Bates, 

John Neal, 

Elijah Davis, 

Eichard Hubbard, 

Thomas Langman, 

John Dunnovan, 

Joseph Chieuey, 

John Cappy, 

Samuel Davis, 

Isaac Ebbert, 

John Holden, 

Thomas Langman, 

Andrew McGuire, 

Elisha Molton, 

Samuel Pith, 

John Spencer, 

John Demmon. 

John Needham, Sergeant. 

Joseph Gongon. 

Samuel Potter, Sergeant. 

John Heath, Corporal. 

Samuel Whitney, do. 

James Eiley, Fifer. 

Ben Abro, 

Amos Barnes, 



John Beardsworth, 
Benjamin Bachelor, 
John Cannon, 
Gershom Corwin, 
Michael Cambler, 
Timothy Chellas, 
Edward Crowell, 
John Davidson, 
Barnabas Davidson, 
James Fuller, 
Thomas Goldthraite, 
Thomas Glawson, 
Samuel Hadlock, 
Bazaleel Hamlirt, 
Kichard Hazard, 
Tower Hill, 
John Hutchins, 
Eufus Harrington, 
Thomas King, 
John Knowlton, 
Isaac Lovejoy, 
William Messer, 
Seth Moore, 
William Morgan, 
William Osburn, 
William Pitts, 
Eobert Patterson, 
Lloyd Powell, 
John Perkins, 
Sieby Eichmond, 
John Eich, 
John Taylor, 
Joseph Stacey, 
Oliver Simmons, 
John Spry, 
William Watrous, 
Joseph Waterman, 
Nicholas Weasel. 
Hiber Smith, Sergeant, 
Jeremiah Howe, do. 
William Coombs, do. 
Gerard Craig, Corporal. 
Peter Alexander, 
Moses Barns, 
Peter Babb, 
Josiah Braman, 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



225 



Daniel Barnett, 
William Cambell, 
Jesse Danforth, 
Michael Drake, 
Timothy Howard, 
Samuel Pottage, 
Kobert Kichardson, 
Seth Warren, 
James Wraland, 
Thomas Nichols. 
Caleb Orcutt, Sergeant. 
Jeremiah Lord, do. 
James Nevice, Corporal. 
Daniel McDougall, do. 
Charles Perkins, do. 
Joseph Wheeler, do. 
John Clough, do. 

Samuel Sumner, Drummer. 
Michael Greene, Fifer. 
Thomas Andrews, 
Gideon Allen, 
Joseph Bryington, 
John Brown, 
Thomas Clues, 
Elisha Cole, 
John Cross, 
Enoch Curtis, 
Stephen Calliff, 
John A. Dager, 
Zebulon Fuller, 
Elias Greenleaf, 
Ephraim Goodenough, 
Clark Gibbs, 
Moses George, 
Eichard Hill, 
Samuel Holmes, 
William Hancock, 



Samuel Hunt, 

Caesar Hall, 

Matthew Jamison, 

Epes Jewett, 

Ezra King, 

Charles King, 

Thomas Loveland, 

John Ludaman, 

Elijah Nutting, 

Eussell Oliver, 

Eichard Patten, 

Samuel Farrer, 

Jonathan Goldthaite, 

John McCoy, 

Christian Powers, 

Edward Powers, 

Thomas Eeynolds, 

Owen Eeeck, 

Eobert Smith, 

Elijah Taylor, 

Benjamin Ward, 

William Welsh, 

Cato Wayman. 

Elijah Bliss, Sergeant. 

Timothy Culver, do. 

Jonathan Andrews, Corporal. 

Joseph Bond, 

Jotham Wood, 

Henry McNeal, 

John Brannon, 

Josiah Brackett, 

Phinehas Collar, 

Thomas Dakin, 

James Fuller, 

Stephen Ludlow, 

James Phillips, 

Landon Sawyer. 



NAMES OF OFFICERS OF THE PENNSYLVANIA LINE ENGAGED IN THE 
RECRUITING SERVICE, THE NAMES OF THE REGIMENTS RECRUITED, 
AND THE AMOUNT PAID FOR RECRUITING. 

Nicholas Housaker, Colonel German Eegiment 825 

Col. William Cook, 12th Pa. Eegiment, recruiting in 1776 2625 

10* 



226 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Lieut. Colonel George Nagle, recruiting Col. Irvine s Kegiment in 1776 


1500 


Capt. Matthew Henderson, 


do. 


same Regiment in 1776 




75 


Col. Jos. Wood & Capt. Hellings. do. 


his Regiment in 1776 




187 


Capt. John Davis, 


do. 


do. do. 




75 


Col. Thomas Hartley, 


do. 


7th Kegiment, do. 




1125 


Col. Francis Johnston, 


do. 






375 


Lieut. Amos Wilkinson, 


do. 


Col. de Haas Kegiment in 1776 . . . 


200 


Lieut. Samuel Talbert, 


do. 


do. 


do. ... 


187 


Lieut. William Moore, 


do. 


do. 


do. ... 


75 


Col. Eneas McCoy, 


do. 


8th Pa. Kegiment, 


do. ... 


3000 


Capt. Stephen Bayard, 


do. 


3d Pa. Kegiment, 


do. ... 


375 


Capt. Kobert Connelly, 


do. 


4th Pa. Kegiment, 


do. ... 


112 


Capt. Stephen Bayard, 


do. 


Col. Wood s Regiment, 


do. ... 


875 


Lieut. Colonel George Nagle, 


do. 


Col. Irvine s Regiment, 


do. ... 


187 


Lieut. Thomas Boude, 


do. 


Col. Wayne s Regiment, 


do. ... 


112 


Capt. Kobert Connolly, 


do. 


Col. Cadwallader s Regt., 


do. ... 


535 


Col. William Cook, 


do. 


his own Regiment, 


do. ... 


750 


Lieut. Thomas B. Bowen, 


do. 


service in 1777 . . . 


375 


Capt. William Gray, 


do. 


Col. Cadwallader s Regt., 


do. ... 


837 


Major Francis Nichols, 


do. 


1st Regiment, 


do. ... 


75 


Capt. James Parr, 


do. 


do. 


do. ... 


75 


Lieut. Colonel Henry Beeker, 


do. 


6th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


750 


Capt. Benjamin Bird, 


do. 


Col. Cadwallader s Regt., 


do. ... 


375 


Col. Samuel Cadwallader, 


do. 


his own Regiment, 


do. ... 


1500 


Capt. Jeremiah Talbott, 


do. 


7th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


93 


Capt. Francis Nichols, 


do. 


9th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


187 


Major Persifor Frazer, 


do. 


4th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


375 


Major Samuel Benezett, 


do. 


6th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


1500 


Capt. Caleb North, 


do. 


4th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


375 


Capt. John Pugh, 


do. 


2d Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


558 


Capt. Alex. Kamsey, 


do. 


his Independent Co., 


do. ... 


112 


Lieut. Colonel David Grier, 


do. 


7th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


4500 


Lieut. Colonel William Butler, 


do. 


4th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


1500 


Major Meriam Latnar, 


do. 


do. 


do. ... 


937 


Col. Adam Hubley, 


do. 


10th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


937 


Capt. James Lang, 


do. 


service, 


do. ... 


375 


Capt. William Oldham, 


do. 


5th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


375 


Col. James Chambers, 


do. 


1st Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


1500 


Capt. Michael Hoofnagle, 


do. 


8th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


112 


Col. Thomas Craig, 


do. 


3d Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


281 


Lieut. Archibald Campbell, 


do. 


6th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


300 


Capt. John Kiley, 


do. 


service, 


do. ... 


150 


Capt. Jacob Humphreys, 


do. 


6th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


187 


Major Samuel Benezett, 


do. 


do. 


do. ... 


187 


Capt. Samuel Williams, 


do. 


13th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


18 


Capt. John Harris, 


do. 


12th Pa. Regiment, 


do. ... 


368 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



227 



Major De Ottendorff, for his pay as Adjutant in 1776 75 

Lieut. B. Neilly, for recruiting service in 1779 $300 

Capt. Van Swearingen, do. do 2200 

Capt. Samuel Dawson, do. do 1760 



Paid by Colonel Daniel Brodhead. 
Joseph Skelton, his pay as Assist. Com. Purchases in 1779 . . . 



Caleb Calvin, his pay as Indian Interpreter do. 

John Montour, do. do. do. 

William Cooper, Ensign, for recruiting, do. 

William Brady, his pay as Indian Interpreter, do. 

Charles Bradford, his pay as Assistant Qr. Mr., do. 



880 
74 

115 
3040 
1100 
1100 



NAMES AND BANK OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF CAPTAIN- 
JOHN C. JONES COMPANY OF THE 7ra MARYLAND REGIMENT, COM 

MANDED BY COL. JOHN GuNBY, AS IT STOOD JUNE 1, 1778. 

John C. Jones, Captain. 
Wm. Lamar, First-lieutenant. 
Wm. Adams, Second do. 



George Ford, Sergeant. 



Bichard Bryan, Corporal. 
James Johnson, do. 
Bichard Harrison, Fifer. 



Privates. 



Benjamin Fitzgerald, 


William Parker, 


Charles Ramsey, 


Ignatius Wheeler, 


Joseph Hart, 


William Love, 


James McGurk, 


Walter Maddox, 


Alexander Boss, 


William Barrett, 


Benjamin Annis, 


Samuel Purneil, 


Bichard Dixon, 


Thomas Wright, 


John Jeans, 


Joseph Finch. 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OP 
CAPT. WILLIAM BROWN S MARYLAND ARTILLERY, WITH A LIST 
OF THE PRIVATES, AS IT STOOD FROM Nov. 22, 1777, TO FEB. 
5, 1778. 

William Brown, Captain. Commissioned November 22, 1777. 
James Smith, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 22, 1777. 
James McFadden, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 22, 1777. 
Clement Skerritt, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 5, 1778. Ap 
pointed Quartermaster December 6, 1779. 



OFFICEKS AND PRIVATES 



Non-commissioned Officers who joined the Company Nov. 22, 1777. 

Sergeants for Three Years. 
Thomas Collins, 
John Staples, 
James Adams, 



Henry Slack, 
Thomas Barber, 
Patrick Corcoran. 



Corporals for Three Years. 

Thomas Carpenter, William Eoebuck, 

Charles Button, Hans Adams, 

Charles Steward, William Brady. 

Drum and Fife for Three Years. 
James Brooks, | John Carroll. 

Bombardiers for Three Years. 
Arthur Carnes, George Baker, 

Thomas Fanning, Tamer Spencer, 

John Kadcliff, Matthew Adams. 

Gunners for Three Years. 

Michael Hawke, Thomas Condrall, 

William Jones, James Simmons, 

William Bright, Michael O Bryan. 

Matrossesfor Three Years. 

John Burke, 
John Connelly, 
James Carwin, 
John Rhodes, 
Joseph Deale, 
John Slack, 
John Saunders, 
Francis Johnson, 
Ignatius Butler (negro), 
William Johnson, 
Eeiiben Scott, 
James Welch, 
Ignatius Griffin, 
James Cole, 
Charles Dowde, 
James Whaling, 
Thomas Carter, 
James Royston, 



John Evans, 
Thomas Smith, 
Darby Spelcy, 
William Hickinson, 
Philip O Brian, 
Michael Hughes, 
James Moril, 
John Fearall, 
Kobert Campbell, 
Francis Popham, 
John Dixon, 
Jonathan Gill, 
John Brigham, 
Joseph Poague, 
Daniel Havey, 
Peter Lawrence, 
Patrick Coursey, 
Henry Higgs, 
Benjamin Patmore, 
John Vaughn, 
Jerrard Tippelt, 
Mays Neville, 



James Compton, 
Hugh Champlain, 
David Young, 
Timothy Connolly, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



229 



John Reynolds, 
Isaac Burton, 
William Dyer, 
John Walker, 
Charles Groome, 
William Connolly, 
Eobert Smith, 
Mark Goldsborough, 
John Fitzgerald, sen., 
John Fitzgerald, jun., 
Charles Murat, 
James Ford, 
William Davis, 



John Lynch, 
Thomas Wilson, 
John Folks, 
John Head, 
Joshua Lovely, 
James Taylor, 
Edward Jefferson, 
Daniel Frazier, 
James Clark, 
John Traner, 
Dennis Minor, 
Eichard Page, 
(Deserted Jan. 4, 1778.) 



CAPT. WILLIAM BROWN S COMPANY OF MARYLAND ARTILLERY, AS 
IT STOOD ON THE HlGH HlLLS OF THE SANTEE, AUG. 1, 1781, 

William Brown, Captain. On command at Camden. Superintending the Hos 
pital since July 18, 1781. 

James Smith, Captain-lieutenant. 

James McFadon, First-lieutenant. 

Clement Skerritt, Second-lieutenant. On furlough to Maryland. 

John Carson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned May 1, 1779. Transferred to 
Captain Singleton January 1, 1781. 

Sergeants. 



Henry Slack, 
Charles Steward, 
John Slack, 

Michael Hawke, 
Thomas Condron, 
James Eoyston, 
John Eadcliff, 

Michael Brian, 
Philip O Brian, 

James Welch, 
James Morel, 

Peter Mayner, 



Corporals. 



Bombardiers. 



Gunners. 



Drum and Fife. 
I 



John Vaughn, 
Thomas Barber. 



Thomas Fanning, 
Lemuel J. Nelmes, 
Tamolin Spencer. 



William Jones. 



James Whalen. 



James Brooks. 



230 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Matrosses. 



Thomas Brown, 
Isaac Burton, 
Arthur Carnes, 
John Fitzgerald, jr. 
Jonathan Gill, 
Henry Higgs, 
Daniel Havey, 
Francis Johnston, 
Eobert Livingston, 
Joshua Lovely, 
John Reynolds, 
Peter Lawrence, 
James Clark, 
John Evans, 
Joseph Pogue, 
Kobert Myers, 

(From Jan. 1, 1781.) 
John Sellman, 

(From Jan. 30, 1781.) 
William Stalker, 
Eobert Smith, 
David Young, 
Reuben Scott, 



William Davis, 

Charles Groome, 

John Head, 

Charles Muret, 

Thomas Smith, 

Charles Button, 

James Simonds, 

Peter Robinson, 

Benjamin Patmore, 

James Navin, 

Mays Nevin, 

William Moran, 

Edward Hennessy, 

John Fitzgerald, sen., 

James Henry, 
(Joined Jan. 13, 1781.) 

John Gilman, 
(Joined Jan. 13, 1781.) 

Ignatius Butler, 

Francis Popham, 
(Killed at Augusta.) 

Thomas Stanley, Cadet, 
(Died Aug. 6, 1781.) 



Timothy Connolly, 

NOTE. Captain Brown s Company was located at Valley Forge until June, 
1778 ; at White Plains, July, 1778 ; at Fort Schuyler, August and September, 
1780; at High Hills of the Santee, in August, 1781; at Col. Scirvins, January, 
1782 ; and at Bacon s Bridge, S. C., in April, 1782. 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OF 
CAPT. RICHARD DORSEY S COMPANY OF MARYLAND ARTILLERY, 
WITH A LlST OF THE PRIVATES, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, 
JUNE 3, 1778. 

Richard Dorsey, Captain. Commissioned May 4, 1777. 
Ebenezer Finley, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned July 4, 1777. 
Robert Wilmott, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 24, 1777. 
Nicholas Ricketts, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned December 1, 1777. 
Young Wilkinson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 25, 1778. 

Sergeants for One Year. 



Samuel Thompson, 
John Howard, 
David Walsh, 



John Wheeler, 
James Rice, 
Robert Thompson. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



231 



Corporals for One Year. 



Thomas Neilson, 
Philip Jones, 
David White, 



William Delaney, 
Thomas Smith, 
John Wilkins. 



Drummer, Henry Kelliker. 

Bombardiers for One Year. 

John Pierson, I Alexander McMullan, 

David Maroney, John Clarke. 



Gunners for One Year. 



Timothy Donovan, 
Daniel Donogue, 
John Turner, 



Thomas Grainger, 
John Brady, 
John Ackerly. 



Matrossesfor One Year. 



Dennis Flannegan, 
Edward Coughland, 
James Berry, 
Patrick Shoughness, 
John Bryant, 
John Jallome, 
John Sandall, 
Howel Lewis, 
William Grimes, 
William Reed, 
William Day, 
William Wade, 
Frederick Pine, 
Andrew Shrink, 
Eoger O Donald, 
Robert Britt, 
John Fitzpatrick, 



Hugh McDowell, 
Richard Wilkinson, 
Daniel Redden, 
Freeman Newman, 
Matthew Kelly, 
Daniel Neil, 
James Jack, 
Thomas Randall, 
Michael Connor, 
Thomas Pierce, 
Mathew McMahan, 
John Taylor, 
Stephen Fennel, 
John Handlin, 
William Forbes, 
Bryan Ferrel. 



CAFI. RICHARD DORSET S COMPANY OF MARYLAND ARTILLERY, AS 
IT STOOD IN "CAMP COL. SCIRVIN S," JAN. 28, 1782. 

Richard Dorsey, Captain. Prisoner of War, on parole in Maryland. 
James Smith, Captain-lieutenant. Joined from Captain Brown s Company, De 
cember 24, 1781. 

Ebenezer Finley, Captain-lieutenant. 

Robert Wilmott, First-lieutenant. On furlough in Maryland. 
James Bacques, do. do. do. 

Nicholas Ricketts, Second-lieutenant. do. do. 



232 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Young Wilkinson, Second-lieutenant. Sick in hospital at Boon s Plantation. 
Isaac Eawlins, do. On furlough in Maryland. 

John Cheever, do. do. do. 

Sergeants for the War. 

Jesse Thompson, Samuel Carter, 

William Kawlins, Eichard Lewis, 

James Hatton, William Morgan. 

William Cornwall, 

Corporals for the War. 

James Hammond, I Eawleigh Spinks. 

William Hutton, 

Bombardiers for the War. 

Dennis McCormac, I William Dixon, 

William Hillen, 

Drum and Fife. 
Thomas Williams, I 

Elisha Eedman, 

Matrossesfor the War. 



John Clark, Gunner. 

Thomas Patten, 
Peter Davis. 



Perregrine Askew, 
Michael Connor, 
Thomas Gleeson, 
Cornelius Harling, 
John Ireland, 
Philip Masterson, 
James Neale, 
Michael O Farrell, 
John Payne, 
Thomas Bowler, 
John Compton, 
Philip Jones, 
John Clark, 



John Prout, 
Thomas Eedman, 
Thomas Eandall, 
Bennet Eayley, 
Andrew Shrink, 
John Sandall, 
Edward Berry, 
Benedict Johnson, 
John Stanley, 
John Smith, 
Daniel Eedden, 
Hugh McDowell, 
John Owens. 



NAMES AND RANK OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES TO WHOM DE 
PRECIATION ON THEIR PAY WAS MADE UP BY THE STATE OF MARY 
LAND, THE TIME PAID FOR, AND THE AMOUNT PAID. 

For Service from, 8. d. 

John B. Ainsworthy, private April 22, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780. . 81 10 4 

Eobert Britt, Matross Jan. 1, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780. ... 104 5 3 

Mountjoy Bailey, Captain Jan. 1, 1777, to Sept. 14, 1780. . . 205 12 



OF THE REVOLUTION ART WAR. 233 

For Service from a. d. 

Joshua Broughton, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Dec. 81, 1779. . . 68 17 9 

Thomas Burrows, private Jan. 1, 1777, to April 4, 1777 324 

Thomas Boarman, private June 15, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780. . 31 17 5 

James Carvin, private Dec. 4, 1776, to Dec. 10, 1779. .. 69 11 5 

Nicholas Cissell, private Jan. 27, 1780, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 15 1 8 

Mordecai Cooley, private April 26, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780.. 35 15 5 

Kobert Cooley, private May 20, 1778, to Oct. 6, 1778. ... 8 13 

W illiam Carroll, private Mar. 20, 1777, to Jan. 20, 1779 . . 40 9 1 

Philip Culloch, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Oct. 1, 1777 12 12 9 

Bartholomew Callahan, private Dec. 1776, to Dec. 6, 1779 68 2 

Michael Connor, Sergeant Jan. 29, 1777, to Jan. 29, 1780. . 82 14 11 

Cornelius Downey, Corporal Jan. 15, 1777, to June 28, 1778. . 30 15 6 

Hugh Doyle, Sergeant Dec. 6, 1776, to Dec. 9, 1779 .... 84 4 8 

Thomas Davis, private Mar. 7, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 ... 84 16 8 

John Donent, private April 28, 1777, to April 28, 1780. 73 17 8 

Dennis Downey, private Mar. 13, 1777, to April 1, 1780. . 75 12 4 

Edward Edwards, Ensign Dec. 10, 1776, to Nov. 1, 1777. . . 42 5 

Benjamin Freshwater, private June 1, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 38 9 6 

John Gill, private May 21, 1777, to Feb. 1, 1779. . . 88 5 4 

Leonard Gates, private June 1, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 58 8 4 

John Hartlove, private Dec. 10, 1776, to Aug. 1, 1780.. . 86 

Samuel Hamilton, Sergeant Dec. 10, 1776, to May 27, 1779. . 70 16 2 

Andrew Hagerty, Fifer Mar. 13, 1777, to Mar. 13, 1780. .7998 

Jacob Hazlewood, private Aug. 9, 1776, to Aug. 9, 1779 ... 55 12 10 

William Harper, private Mar. 19, 1778, to Jan. 9, 1779 ... 19 7 9 

John Hall, private Mar. 18, 1778, to Jan. 24, 1779. . 20 9 10 

Thomas Jones, private May 1, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780.. . . 81 11 8 

Benjamin Johnson, private Oct. 9, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780 50 1 4 

James Jones, Drummer April 20, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780. . 39 19 5 

Lewis Jones, Fifer April 5, 1779, to Dec. 1, 177y ... 1916 7 

Benjamin Kidwell, private May 26, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 58 15 

Patrick Kelly, Corporal Jan. 1, 1777, to July 24, 1779 ... 64 15 

John Kline, private Oct. 12, 1776, to Oct. 12, 1779. . . 62 17 9 

George Kelly, private Mar. 14, 1777, to April 14, 1780. 74 18 4 

Kobert Livingston, Matross Nov. 1, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780... 27 7 1 

Francis W. Luckett, Corporal Dec. 10, 1776, to April 16, 1778. 27 2 1 

John Lanham, private Dec. 10, 1776, to Dec. 27, 1779 . . 68 13 2 

David Lawler, private Feb. 5, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 85 6 

Martin Mudd, Sergeant May 10, 1777, to May 27, 1778. . . 37 1 8 

Henry Mudd, Corporal May 21, 1777, to Nov. 1, 1777. .. 996 

Daniel Mclntire, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 86 

Ennals Martin, Surgeon s Mate June 1, 1777, to Feb. 16, 1780.. . 475 10 9 

Jacob Miller, private July 20, 1776, to July 2J), 1779. . 56 15 3 

John Mails, private July 1, 1777, to July 31, 1780... 78 11 8 

Frederick Mire, private Dec. 10, 1776, to Dec. 27, 1779. . 68 13 2 



234: OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 

For Service from s. d, 

Barney McManus, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 86 

Ignatius Martin, private Mar. 18, 1777, to Aug. 27, 1777. . 850 

Moses McNew, private Dec. 10, 1776, to Aug. 1, 1780. . 86 

Walter Maddox, private Mar. 9, 1 777, to June 28, 1778. .. 30 4 4 

James Murphy, private Mar. 18, 1778, to July 20, 1778 . . 80S 

Andrew Malone, private Jan. 10, 1777, to Jan. 10, 1780. . 75 8 . 

William Ormond, private May 1, 1777, to July 5, .1778. . . 25 7 

David Plunkett, Capt. of Dragoons. .Jan. 20, 1777, to Mar. 1, 1779. . .843 91 

William Parsons, private April 20, 1777, to Aug. 1 , 1780 . . 82 1 

John Pickering, private Feb. 18, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780 . . 65 9 

Jacob Palmer, private May 5, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780 35 1 

Benjamin Pos<Jy, private Oct. 10, 1777, to Feb. 23, 1779 .. 32 9 

James Quay, private Feb. 15, 1778, to July 16, 1779 .. 85 7 A 

Henry Quiggins, private May 30, 1777, to Nov. 16, 1777 . . 932 

John Richardson, Drummer Mar. 15, 1780, to Aug. 1, 1780. . 12 6 5 

Jacob Strapp, private Feb. 24, 1777, to Feb. 24, 1780 ..7202 

John Sheridine, private Mar. 6, 1777, to Mar. 2, 1780. ... 71 17 9 

William Spaulding, private Jan. 1, 1778, to Nov. 26, 1778. . . 21 10 3 

Clement Sewell, Ensign Mar. 4, 1777, to Sept, 14, 1777. . 63 17 1 

William Spalding, private June 1, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1777. . . 11 14 2 

Alexander Scott, Sergeant Dec. 8, 1776, to Dec. 8, 1779. ... 92 19 

Elisha Steel, private Feb. 24, 1777, to Feb. 20, 1780 ..7362 

Roger Skiffington, private Jan. 10, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 67 15 

Daniel Skelly, Corporal Dec. 6, 1776, to Dec. 6, 1779 .... 76 

Robert Tongue, private June 6, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 58 10 

Thomas Taylor, private Mar. 19, 1778, to Oct. 1, 1778. . . 12 11 4 

William Taylor, Sergeant Mar. 1, 1777, to Jan. 26, 1779. . . 59 2 8 

Samuel Taylor, Fifer April 22, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780. 67 6 2 

Zephaniah Williams, private May 2, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780 ... 60 7 

Thomas Yates, Matross Jan. 1, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 ... 82 3 2 



NAMES, RANK, AND DATES OF COMMISSIONS OF THE OFFICERS OF 
THE FIVE REGIMENTS OF MARYLAND, AS THEY STOOD JUNE 1, 
1*781. 

FIRST REGIMENT. 

Otho H. Williams, Colonel. Commissioned January 1, 1777. 
John Stewart, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned February 10, 1781. 
John Eccleston, Major. Commissioned December 10, 1777. 

Captains. 



Commissioned, 

Jonathan Sellman, Jan. 10, 1777. 
Edward Teall, June 10, 1777. 



Commissioned 

William Reily, Oct. 13, 1777. 

John Sprigg Belt, Dec. 15, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



235 



Commissioned 


Commissioned 


Christian Orendorf, 


April 


1, 


1778. 


Lloyd Beall, 


Feb. 


10, 1781. 


Eichard Bird, 


June 


12, 


1780. 


Thomas B. Hugo, 


June 


12, 1781. 


George Armstrong, 


Feb. 


11, 


1780. 














Lieutenants. 






William Lamar, 


Nov. 


15, 


1777. 


Hezekiah Ford, 


Aug. 


16, 1780. 


James Ewing, 


May 


29, 


1778. 


John J. Lowe, 


Jan. 


20, 1781. 


Jas. John Skinner, 


Sept. 


18, 


1778. 


Edward M. Smith, 


Feb. 


19, 1781. 


Isaac Duvall, 


April 


10, 


1779. 


Samuel Edmiston, 


Mar. 


14, 1781. 


John Hamilton, 


June 


1, 


1779. 


John Truman, 


Mar. 


16, 1781. 


William Woolford, 


Sept. 


11, 


1779. 


Richard Pindell, Surgeon. 


William Haison, 


Jan. 


26, 


1780. 


Hezekiah Hayne, Mate. 


Joshua Burgess, 


Mar. 


11, 


1780. 







SECOND REGIMENT. 



John Gunby, Colonel. Commissioned April 17, 1777. 

John Eager Howard, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned March 11, 1779. 

John Dean, Major. Commissioned March 11, 1779. 

Captains. 



Alexander Trueman, Jan. 1, 1777. 
Jonathan Morris, April 14, 1777. 
Walker Muse, June 10, 1777. 
William Wilmott, Oct. 15, 1777. 
John Jordan, Dec. 26, 1777. 


Thomas Mason, June 8, 1779. 
John Gassaway, April 2, 1780. 
Adam Hooper, Mar. 16, 1781. 
Samuel McPherson, April 25, 1781. 



Lieutenants. 



Edward Dyer, Sept. 10, 1780. 

John A. Hamilton, Feb. 1, 1778. 
Christop r Richmond, May 27, 1778. 

William Adams, June 8, 1779. 
Nicholas Gassaway, 

Arthur Harris, Oct. 26, 1779. 

Thomas Price, Feb. 11, 1780. 



William Murdock, April 1, 1780. 



Zedekiah Moore, 

Mark McPherson, 

Jacob Crawford, 

William Smoot, 

James Arthur, 

Walter Warfield, Surgeon. 



Sept. 10, 1780. 
Jan. 1, 1781. 
Feb. 20, 1781. 
Mar. 16, 1781. 



THIRD REGIMENT. 

Peter Adams, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned August 1, 1779. 

Henry Hardman, Major. Commissioned 29, 1779. 

Thomas Lansdale, Major. Commissioned February 19, 1781, 

Captains. 



Henry Dobson, 
Joseph Marbury, 
Lilburn Williams, 
Robert Chesley, 
John Smith, 


Jan. 10, 1777. 
Jan. 1, 1777. 
April 16, 1777. 
June 10, 1777. 
Nov. 9, 1777. 


James W. Gray, 
Edward Spurrier, 
Benjamin Price, 
Richard Waters, 


Dec. 25,1777. 
May 20,1779. 
July 1, 1779. 
April 7, 1T79. 



236 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Lieutenants. 



Francis Revelly, 
James Gould, 
James Winchester, 
Philip Reid, 
John Hartshorn, 
Eegnal Hillary, 
Philip Hill, 



Commissioned 
April 15, 1777. 
Mar. 11, 1778. 

27, 1778. 

18, 1778. 

21, 1779. 

15, 1779. 



May 
Oct. 



July 



Commissioned 
William Pendergast, Oct. 29, 1779. 



Henry Baldwin, 
David Lucket, 
Walter Dyer, 
Nathan Wright, 
John Boone, 



Feb. 11, 1780. 
April 7, 1780. 
Sept. 5, 1780. 
Jan. I, 1781. 
April 12, 1781. 



Levin Denwood, Surgeon. 



FOURTH REGIMENT. 

Thomas Woolford, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned October 23, 1779. 
Levin Winder, Major. Commissioned April 17, 1777. 
Alexander Roxburg, Major. Commissioned April 7, 1780. 

Captains. 



John Lynch, Jan. 1, 1777. 


George Hamilton, Jan. 25, 1778. 


Jacob Brice, do. 


David Lynn, May 22, 1779. 


Henry Gaither, April 17, 1777. 


John Mitchell, July 15,1779. 


John C. Jones, Sept. 20, 1777. 


Jonathan Gibson, May 1, 1780. 


Richard Anderson, Nov. 15, 1777. 




Lieutenants. 


Nicholas Mangers, April 15, 1779. 


Nathan Smith, Sept. 15, 1779. 


James Simmes, May 27, 1778. 


Edmund Compton, Feb. 18, 1780. 


Peter Hartcastle, Sept. 14, 1778. 


Joshua Rutledge, May 1, 1780. 


Benjamin Garnett, Oct. 13, 1780. 


John Brevett, Sept. 20, 1780. 


William Stoddert, May 21, 1779. 


John McCoy, Jan. 1, 1781. 


Lavasha De la Van Brunne. 


Robert Hatherston, April 25, 1781. 


(His widow was pensioned under 


Henry Gassaway, May 12, 1781. 


the act of July 4, 1886, and died 


William Kelty, Surgeon. 


in 1837.) 




FIFTH REGIMENT. 




John Davidson, Major. Commissioned January 12, 1781. 


Benjamin Brooke, Major. Commissioned March 16, 1781. 


Captains. 


William D. Beall, Jan. 1, 1777. 


Perry Benson, Mar. 25,1778. 


John Smith, do. 


James Somerville, June 1, 1779. 


Edward Oldham, May 20, 1777. 


William Bruce, Aug. 1, 1779. 


Horatio Clagett, Oct. 10, 1777. 


Edward Edgerly, Sept. 10, 1779. 


John Gale, Dec. 10, 1777. 





OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 



237 





Lieutenants. 






Commissioned 




Commissioned 


James Bruff, 


Oct. 7, 1777. 


Benjamin Tickle, 


Feb. 19, 1780. 


Gassaway Watkias, 


Sept. 14, 1778. 


Roger Nelson, 


July 5, 1780. 


Jacob Norris, 


Nov. 26, 1778. 


Thomas Boyd, 


Jan. 1, 1781. 


John Lynn, 


June 1, 1779. 


John Sears, 


do. 


Samuel Hanson, 


Aug. 1,1779. 


Henry Clements, 


April 25, 1781. 


Thomas Kouse, 




Adam Jamieson, 


June 1, 1781. 




Robert Denny, 


Jan. 8, 1780. 







Colonel Josiah Carvil Hall, Lieutenant-colonel Nathaniel Kamsey, and Lieu 
tenant-colonel Edward Tillard, became supernumerary on the 1st of Jan. 1781. 



OFFICERS OF THE MARYLAND PART OF THE GERMAN BATTALION. 

Lodowick Weltner, Lieut. Colonel. Commissioned August 9, 1777 
Charles Baltzell, Captain. Commissioned May 10, 1777. 
Christopher Myers, do. do. March 12, 1778. 

Michael Boyer, do. do. May 25, 1778. 

Martin Sugart, Lieutenant. do. do. 

Jacob Gomath, do. do. January 4, 1778. 

David Morgan, do. do. Aprils, 1778. 

Jacob Key bold, Ensign. do. July 24, 1778. 

Alexander Smith, Surgeon. do. August , 1778. 



OFFICERS OF THE MARYLAND FLYING CAMP, IN 17*76. 
Eezin Beall, Brigadier-general. 

FIRST BATTALION. 

Charles G. Griffith, Colonel. 
Henry Shryock, Lieut. Colonel. | Peter Mantz, Major. 

Captains. 

Edward Burgess, 
Leonard Deakins, 
Benjamin Spiker, 



Philip Marouy, 

John Gaither, 
Thomas Nowland, 
Greenberry Gaither, 
Elisha Beall, 
John B. Thompson, 



Jacob Good, 
Eneas Campbell, 
John Reynolds, 
Henry Hardman. 



Lieutenants. 



Adam Grosh, 
Clement Holliday ; 
Moses Chapline, 
Daniel Stall, 
Thaddeus Beall, 



238 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Elisha Williams, 
Richard Anderson, 
John Hellen, 
John Ghiseline, 



Thomas Edmundson, 
John Griffith, 
Nicholas Schybert, 
William Beatty, jun., 
John Smith, 



JE fisigns. 



Peter Adams, 
John C. Jones, 
Christian Orendorf, 
Peter C. Hanson. 



John Richardson, 
David Lynn, 
Nathan Williams, 
John Rench. 



SECOND BATTALION. 



Josiah Carvil Hall, Colonel. 
William Hyde, Lieut. Colonel. 



Captains. 



Zachariah McCubbin, 
John Eager Howard, 
John Stevenson, 

Thomas Yeates, 
Thomas Lansdale, 
Edward Oldham, 
James Bond, 
John B. Hall, 
Joshua Miles, 



Thomas Lingan, 
Robert Morrow, 
Joseph Lewis, 



Lieutenants. 



John Craddock, Major. 
Isaac Guest, Quartermaster. 



James Young, 
A quill a Paca, 
Bennet Bussy. 

Michael Gilbert, 
John Christie, 
William Riely, 
James Oglebie, 
John Smith, 
Asahel Hitchcock. 



James Tool, 
John Patterson, 
Aquilla Arnos. 



THIRD BATTALION. 



Thomas Ewing, Colonel. 
John Addison, Lieut. Colonel. 
James Eden, Major. 

Uriah Forrest, 
Thomas Hanson, 
BelaSr Posey, 
John Brook, 
John H. Lowe, 
James Disney, 



John Dorsey, Surgeon. 
William Parran, Quartermaster. 



Captains. 



Robert Bowie, 
Alexander H. Magruder, 
Edward Norwood, 
Edward Tillard,. 
Daniel Dorsey, 
Thomas Hammond. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



239 



Lieutenants. 



Frederick Skinner, 
John M. Burgess, 
Benjamin Brooks, 
William S. Bowie, 
Samuel Godman, 
Samuel L. Chew, 
Joseph Burgess, 
Henry Eidgely, 
Thomas Mayo, 

James Somerville, 
Horatio Clagett, 
William Shircliff, 
Alexander Trueman, 
Ei chard Talbott, 



Ensigns. 



Nathaniel Willson, 
William Duvall, 
William D. Beall, 
Benjamin Contee, 
John W. Dorsey, 
John S. Belt, 
John Lorah, 
Jonathan Sellman, 
Joshua Meriken. 



John Kilty, 
Michael Burgess, 
Edward Spurrier, 
Andrew Hammond. 



FOURTH BATTALION. 



William Eichardson, Colonel. 
Joseph Earle, Lieut. Colonel. 
Eobert Campbell, Adjutant. 



William Hopewell, Major. 
Samuel Edmunson, Qr. Master. 



Joshua George, 
Walter Alexander, 
Isaac Perkins, 
Thomas Smyth, 
Philip Fiddeman, 



Captains. 



Lieutenants. 



William Veasy, 
Andrew Porter, 
Andrew Falconer, 
James Williamson, 
John Hawkins, 
Thomas L. Emory, 
Woolman Gibson, 
Thomas W. Lockerman, 
Henry Downs, jr., 
Berkit Falcon, 



Eichard Bird, 
George Hamilton, 
James Henry, 



John Dean, 
John Dames, 

Greenberry Goldsborough, 
Zabdiel Potter, 
Thomas Burk. 



John Stockton, 
Harman Arraoits, 
Jesse Cosden, 
Nathaniel Kinnard, 
John Neville, 
Samuel W. Thomas, 
John Thomas, jr., 
Levin Handy, 
John Eeyuolds, 
John Lynch. 



Josiah Johnston, 
Thomas Mason, 
Samuel Earle, 



240 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Jackson, i Philip Casson, 

Perry Benson, James W. Gray. 

NOTE. The writer is indebted to the History of Maryland by James McSherry, 
Esq., for the foregoing Maryland officers that gentleman, and Messrs. Murphy 
& Co., publishers, of Baltimore, having kindly permitted me to copy them. 



NAMES AND RANK OF THE MARYLAND RIFLE COMPANIES UNDER 
LIEUT. COL. MOSES RAWLINGS, AS THEY STOOD MAY 31, 17VZ. 



FIRST COMPANY. 



Alex. Lawson Smith, Captain. 
William Bradford, Lieutenant. 
John Thompson, Sergeant. 
Matthew Alexander, do. 



William Andrews, 
Josias Kirnball, 
Samuel Power, 
John Cooper, 
Patrick McCann, 
John Debruler, 
Charles Baker, 
John Coltrnan, 
Thomas Smith, 
Abraham Watson, 
James Dennison, 



inemen. 



Joshua Saunders, Sergeant. 
Isaac Rose, Corporal. 
John Howe, do. 
Thomas Lively, Fifer. 



Henry Kowlin, 
William Catterill, 
John Leviston, 
William Pritchard, 
John Irons, 
William Cooper, 
Jesse Corbitt, 
Thomas Dearmott, 
Reuben Ross, 
John Crocket, 
Patrick Quinn. 



Philip Griffith, Captain. 
Adamson Tannehill, Lieutenant. 



John Carr, 
Joshua Burton, 
John Johnston, 



SECOND COMPANY. 

Elijah Evans, Lieutenant. 



men. 



Peter Dyche, 
Patrick Lemon. 



THIRD COMPANY. 



Richard Davis, Captain. 
John McBride, Drummer. 
Patrick KLrby, Private. 



John Burk, Private. 
Jonathan Shepard, Private. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 24:1 

FOURTH COMPANY. 



Thomas Bell, Captain. 
John Ford, Corporal. 
James Ferguson, do. 



William Batton, 
Peter Trust, 
Patrick Collins. 



Bryan Davenport, Private. 
NOTE. These rifle companies were present at the attack on Fort Washington, 
on the 16th November, 1776, by the English forces under Sir William Howe. 
For some considerable length of time, the deadly fire of these riflemen, aided 
by a three-gun battery, kept the left column of the Hessians and Waldeckers, 
under General Knyphausen, entirely at bay. At length, their rifles becoming 
so foul from incessant firing, they were compelled to give ground. The fort 
was, after a desperate resistance on the part of the Americans, surrendered to 
the British, who took about 2,800 Americans prisoners, among whom were 
many of these riflemen, which circumstance so thinned their ranks, that in the 
summer of 1777 they were incorporated into other companies. 



NAMES, RANK, DATES OF COMMISSIONS, AND TIME OF ENLISTMENT 
OF THE FIELD, STAFF, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS, AND PRI 
VATES OF COL. CHARLES HARRISON S VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND 
REGIMENT OF ARTILLERY, AS IT STOOD FROM Nov. 30, 1776, TO 
APRIL, 1782. 

Charles Harrison, Colonel. Commissioned Nov. 80, 1776. Served to the end of 

the war. 
Edward Carrington, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned Nov. 80, 1776. Served 

to the end of the war. 
Christian Holmer, Major. Commissioned Nov. 30, 1776. Served to the end of 

the war. 

William Camp, Adjutant. Commissioned March 16, 1778. 
Eichard Waters, Adjutant. Commissioned Sept. 21, 1778. Served as Lt. and 

Adjt. to the end of the war. 
Ambrose Bohannon, Paymaster. Commissioned June 1, 1778. Served as Lt. 

and Paymaster to the end of the war. 



Jervis Adams, 


Quartermaster. Commissioned 


Nov. 21,1777. 


Clement Skerrett, 


do. 


do. 


June 6, 1779. 


Thomas Chrystie, 


Surgeon. 


do. 


April 1, 1778. 


Jonathan Calvert, 


Surgeon s Mate. 


do. 


Nov. 30, 1776. 


Alex. Lajournade, 


do. 


do. 


Mar. 15, 1778. 


Thomas Parr, 


Fife-major. 


Appointed 


Nov. 30, 1776. 


Robert Hart, 


Drum-major. 


do. 


do. 


John Coale, 


Sergeant-major. 


do. 


do. 


Griffith Evans, 


Qr. Mr. s Sergeant. 


do. 


do. 



11 



242 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



COMPANY No 1, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, JUNE 3, 1778. 



William Pierce, 
Samuel Coleman, 
Thomas Dix, 
William Fraizer, 
Henry Punter, 



Captain. 
1st Lieut. 

do. 

Capt. Lieut. 
Sergeant. 



Christopher Stoakes, Corporal. 



Francis Ratliff, 
William Elliott, 
John May r 
Hugh Eobinson, 
John Harris, 
William Fleming, 
Isaac Freeman r 



Holman Snead, 
Joseph Eaton, 
Henry Shackelford, 
James Garland, 
Mag. Shackleford, 
John Bishard, 
John Howard, 
John Lutredge, 
Eobert Belvin, 
William Hart, 
James Stewart, 
David Shelton, 
Presley Anderwig, 



do. 
do. 
do. 

Appointed 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

Matrasses far Three Years. 

Enlisted 

Dec. 81,1776. 

Jan. 6, 1777. 

Dec. 24, 177ft. 

Dec. 81,1776, 
Dec. 
Dec. 



do. 
Bombardier. 

do. 
Gunner. 

do. 

do. 
Drummer. 



Commissioned Nov. 30, 1776. 
June 15, 1778. 
Jan. 15, 1778. 
Nov. 30, 1776. 
June 17, 1777. 
Jan. 30, 1777. 
Dec. 20, 1776. 

30, 1776. 

23, 1776. 
Dec. 20, 1776. 
Nov. 8, 1776. 

23, 1776. 

28, 1776. 



Dec. 
Dec. 



Dec. 
Dec. 



28, 1776. 

81, 1776. 

16, 1777. 
1, 1777. 

23, 1777. 
Mar. 18, 1777. 
Mar. 10, 1777. 
April 20, 1777. 
June 14, 1777. 



Jan. 
Jan. 
Mar. 



Thomas Figg, Dec. 20, 1777. 

Eichard Jenkins, Jan. 15, 1777. 
James Bray, Sept. 4, 1777. 

William Bartley, April 18, 1777. 
John Kelly, Sept. 19, 1777. 

William Kelly, Jan. 19, 1778. 

William Walker, deserted. 
James Morgan, sick in Virginia. 
John Hughes, Serg t, do, 
Jesse Hughes, do. 

James Alexander, Corp., do. 
Thomas Brooke, do. 

John Eosser, do. 



NOTE. The above company was incorporated in Capt. Samuel Edden s. 

COMPANY No. 2, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, JUNE 3, 1778. 

Nathaniel Burwell, Captain, and Aid-de-Camp to Brigadier-general Eoberi 

Howe. Commissioned November 30, 1776. Served to the end of the war. 
John Blair, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 30, 1777. 
William Camp, First-lieutenant. do. November 30, 1777. 

William Stevenson, do. do. June 15, 1778. 

Thomas Grubbs, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 177 



Samuel Cross, do. do. 

William Ernmons, Corporal. do. 

Edward Shacklett, do. do. 

James Johnson, do. do. 

Burwell Bacon, Bombardier. do. 

Richard Eouton, do. do. 



January 7, 1777. 
December 20, 1776. 
January 28, 1777. 
January 4, 1777. 
January 17, 1777. 
February 9, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



243 



Lewis St. John, Gunner. 4 


Richard Spratliff, do. 


Jesse Peal, 


Fifer. 


Thomas Wells, Drummer. 




Matrosses for 




Enlisted 


Thomas Chuning, 


Feb. 11,1777. 


Thomas Cross, 


June 1, 1777. 


Aaron Ball, 


Feb. 4, 1777. 


Alexander Childress, 


Feb. 6, 1777. 


John Harris, 


Jan. 12, 1777. 


Thomas Elmore, 


Jan. 7, 1777. 


William Hains, 


Jan. 27,1777. 


Thomas Alphin, 


Feb. 3, 1777. 


Abraham Pickett, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


Eeuben Hughes, 


Jan. 14, 1777. 


Francis Dyer, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


John Bushiel, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


Charles Gunter, 


Feb. 7, 1777. 


Alexander Kersey, 


Mar. 8, 1777. . 



Appointed March 4, 1777. 
do. December 20, 1776. 
do. December 14, 1777. 
do. December 24, 1777. 

Three Tears. 



BnUsted 
Jan. 10, 1777. 
Jan. 12, 1777. 
Jan. 15, 1777. 
Jan. 2, 1777. 
April 15, 1777. 
Nov. 22, 1777. 
Jan. 28, 1777. 
Dec. 20,1776. 
June 1, 1776. 
(Turned over to 1st Va. Eeg t.) 
Thomas Adderson, Jan. 20, 1777. 

(Deserted May 25, 1778.) 
Adam Smith. (Proved to be a de 
serter from another regiment.) 



Charles Lawman, 
Elias Jones, 
John Jenkins, 
Samuel Dyer, 
Benjamin Kidd, 
Major Callahan, 
Walker Williams, 
Edward Connolly, 
John Spencer, 



CAPT. NATHANIEL BURWELL S COMPANY, AS IT STOOD AT SMITH S 
CLOVE, JULY 2, 1779. 

Nathaniel Burwell, Captain, and Aid to General Howe. 
John Blair, Captain-lieutenant. 
William Stevenson, First-lieutenant. 
Samuel Cross, Sergeant. Appointed November 80, 1777. 
William Emmons, do. do. September 1, 1778. 

Edward Shacklett, do. do. March 1, 1779. 

James Johnson, Corporal and Artificer, in Philadelphia. 
Eichard Eouton, Corporal. Appointed September 1, 1778. 
Burwick Bacon, Bombardier. do. do. 

Lewis St. John, do. do. do. 

Eichard Spratliff, do. 
Eeuben Hughes, Gunner. 
Thomas Cross, do. 



do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

John Jenkins, Gunner and Wagoner. Appointed Sept. 1, 1778. 
Jesse Peal, Fifer. Appointed December 14, 1777. 



Matrosses for Three Years. 

Enlisted 



Thomas Chuning, 
Aaron Ball, 
Nathaniel Hughes, 



Feb. 11, 1777. 
Feb. 4, 1777. 
Feb. 14, 1777. 



Enlisted 



Alexander Childress, Jan. 6, 1777. 

(Wagoner.) 
Thomas Alphin, Feb. 3, 1777. 



244: 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


John Harriss, 


Jan. 12,1777. 


Edward Taylor, 


Dec. 10^ 1776. 


(Wagoner.) 




John Bushell, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


Richard Shearwood, 


Feb. 15, 1777. 


Charles Gnnter, 


Feb. 7, 1777. 


Abraham Pigott, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


Frederick Hall, 


Dec. 22, 1777. 


Abraham Sinithey, 


Jan. 14,1777. 


Alexander Kinsey, 


Mar. 8, 1777. 


(Wagoner.) 




Charles Lawman, 


Jan. 10, 1777. 


Francis Dyer, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Elisha Jones, 


Jan. 12, 1777. 


Major Callahan, 


Nov. 22, 1777. 


Samuel Dyer, 


April 15, 1777. 


Walter Williams, 


Jan. 28, 1777. 


Benjamin Kidd, 


do. 


Thomas Grubbs, 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


Thomas Elmore, 


Jan. 7, 1777. 


(Wagoner.) 









COMPANY No. 3, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, JUNE 3, 1778. 

Anthony Singleton, Captain. Commissioned Feb. 1, 1777. Served to the end 
of the war. 

Ambrose Bohannon, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned January 13, 1777. Ap 
pointed Paymaster June 1, 1778. Served to the end of the war. 

Wm. Miller, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 13, 1777. Sick in Virginia. 

Henry Wallace, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned March 1, 1778. do. 

William Piggot, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 



John Oliver, Corporal. do. 

Beriah West, do. do. 

Robert Finney, Bombardier. do. 

Elias Boyer, do. do. 

William Langham, Gunner. do. 

George Fritts, Drummer. do. 

Morris Bowers, Fifer. do. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

January 24, 1777. 
December 20, 1776. 
September 8, 1777. 



Matrosses for Three Years. 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Master Adkerson, 


Feb. 10, 1777. 


Thomas Tabor, 


July 15,1777. 


Richard San ford, 


April 5, 1777. 


Edward Linegar, 


Mar. 24, 1777. 


John Randolph, 


Nov. 3, 1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 




Charles Williams, 


April 1, 1777. 


Philip Bowers, 


Feb. 4, 1777. 


Lewis Bowdry, 


April 4, 1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 




John Webb, 


Aug. 24, 1777. 


Thomas O Neal, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Oliver Yarnton, 


Feb. 12, 1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 




James Sparham, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


John Cashell, deserted Apr. 25, 1778. 


Drury Wilkerson, 


Nov. 24, 1777. 


William Meacham, 


sick in Virginia. 


Benja in Blankership, 


Feb. 17,1777. 


Peter Jones, 


do. 


William O Neal, 


Jan. 11, 1777. 


Thomas Jones, 


do. 


James Chamberlain, 


Nov. 24, 1777. 


M. Richerson, 


do. 


Artes Bennet, 


Feb. 8, 1777. 


Benjamin Hudson, 


do. 


Philip Evans, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


John Cornelius, 


do. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 



245 



Thomas Sanford, 
William Sanford, 
Thomas Doleman, 



sick in Virginia, 
do. 
do. 



Keuben Atkinson, 
Josifch. Cornelius, 



sick in Virginia. 
do. 



CAPTAIN ANTHONY SINGLETON S COMPANY OF ARTILLERY, AS IT 
STOOD AT SMITH S CLOVE, JULY 1, 1779. 

Anthony Singleton, Captain. Sick in quarters. 

Ambrose Bohannan, Captain-lieutenant and Paymaster. 

Samuel Bradford, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 18, 1777. 

Benjamin Mosely, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned April 9, 1779. 

William Piggot, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 

William Mitcham, Sergeant. Appointed February 10, 1777. 

Griffith Evans, Sergeant. Appointed February 1, 1777. 

John Oliver, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 

Peter Jones, Sergeant and Wagoner. Appointed December 20, 1776 

Beriah West, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 

Robert Finney, Bombardier. Appointed December 20, 1776. 

Elias Boyer, Bombardier. Appointed December 20, 1776. 

William Langham, Bombardier and Wagoner. Appointed January 24, 1777. 

Morning Bichardson, Gunner. Appointed February 19, 1777. 

George Fritts, Drummer. Appointed December 20, 1776. 

Morris Bowers, Fifer. Appointed September 8, 1777. 

Matrosses for Three Years. 



Enlisted 


Entitled 


Major Atkinson, 


Feb. 


10, 


1777. 


Edward Linegar, 


Mar. 


24, 


1777. 


Reuben Atkinson, 


Mar. 


4, 


1777. 


(Sick at Pluckemin.) 


(Wagoner.) 








Thomas O Neal, 


Feb. 


1, 


1777. 


Lewis Bowdree, 


Mar. 


4, 


1777. 


William O Neal, 


Jan. 


11, 


1777. 


Benja in Blankership, 


Sept. 


17, 1777. 


Richard Sanford, 


Mar. 


5, 


1777. 


Artes Bennet, 


Feb. 


8, 


1777. 


Thomas Sanford, 


Feb. 


*, 


1777. 


(Wagoner.) 








James Sparham, 


Feb. 


lj 


1777. 


Philip Bowers, 


Feb. 


4, 


1777. 


(Sick at Pluckemin.) 


Josiah Cornelius, 


Mar. 


24, 


1777. 


John Webb, 


Aug. 


14, 


1777. 


James Chamberlain, 


Nov. 


21, 


1777. 


Drury Wilkinson, 


Mar. 


4, 


1777. 


Thomas Doleman, 


Mar. 


10, 


1777. 


Oliver Yarrington, 


Feb. 


12, 


1777. 


Philip Evans, 


Feb. 


4, 


1777. 


Francis Houge, 


Dec. 


6, 


1778. 


Thomas Evies, 


July 


8, 


1777. 


William Sanford, 


Mar. 


5, 


1777. 



COMPANY No. 4, AS IT STOOD AT PLUCKEMIN, JULY 16, 1779. 

Drury Ragsdale, Captain. Commissioned February 7, 1777. 
William Godman, Captain- lieutenant. Commissioned January 1, 1778. 
Richard Waters, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 18, 1777. Appointed 
Adjutant, September 21, 1778, 



246 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Darvil, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 7, 1777. 

Alexander Petrie, Sergeant. Appointed July 15, 1777. 

Major Lipscomb, do. do. July 30, 1777. 

John Cowels, do. do. August 28, 1778. 

John Lipscomb, Corporal. do. July 21, 1777. 

Samuel Johnson, do. do. do. 

Johan Flishner, do. do. Unknown. 

James Waters, do. do. do. 

Elias Langham, Bombardier. do. do. 

Julius Comer, do. do. January 1, 1777. 

Notley Maddox, do. do. Unknown. 

James McDorman, Gunner. do. January 1, 1778. 

William Lial, do. do. August 1, 1777. 

James Barnes, do. do. Unknown. 

John Porter, Drummer, do. do. 

John Ketlar, Fifer. do. do. 



Charles Broach, 
John Grant, 
William Hagley, 
William Eussell, 
Thomas Bates, 
James Beavers, 
Joseph Clayton, 



Matrosses for Three Years. 


Enlisted 




Dec. 21, 1777. 


James Harding, 


Dec. 20,1776. 


Edward Peek, 


Sept. 21, 1777. 


James House, 


Jan. 21,1777. 


Thomas Ives, 


Unknown. 


John Jones, 


do. 


John Eiland, 


do. 





Enlisted 
Unknown, 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



COMPANY No. 5, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, JUNE 3, 1778. 

James Pendleton, Captain. Commissioned February 7, 1777. 
John Prior, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned February 13, 1777. 
Eichard Waters, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 13, 1777 
James Didlake, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 



Thomas Hood, Corporal, do. 

Thomas Ward, Bombardier. do. 

James Bartley, do. do. 

John Jordan, Gunner. do. 

James Lloyd, do. do. 

Christian Bland, Drummer. do. 

Phil. Johnson, Fifer. do. 



do. 
do. 

February 28, 1777. 
December 20, 1776. 
February 13, 1777. 
March 20, 1777. 
April 1, 1777. 



Matrosses for Three Years. 

Enlisted Enlisted 

Ed. Clark, Jan. 22, 1777. Beverly Spencer, Jan. 80, 1777. 

William Barns, do. George Ogden, Feb. 8, 1777. 

Matthew Allen, Feb. 2, 1777. Samuel Sandifer, April 8, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



247 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


Samuel Wilkins, 


Jan. 8, 1777. 


James Furlough, 


June 8, 1777. 


James Musgrove, 


Jan. 18, 1777. 


(Wagoner.) 




Zechariah Nance, 


Feb. 19, 1777. 


Peter Smith, 


Mar. 20,1778. 


Isaac Kemmy, 


Mar. 5, 1777. 


(Deserted May 1, 


1778.) 


Fielding Barrom, 


Feb. 15, 1777. 







CAPT. JAMES PENDLETON S COMPANY OP ARTILLERY, AS rr STOOD AT 
" CAMP NEAR CHESTER," JULY 9, 1779. 

James Pendleton, Captain. 

John Prior, Captain-lieutenant, and Aid-de-Camp to Maj. Gen. Lord Sterling. 
Samuel K. Bradford, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 13, 1777, and an 
nexed to Capt. Singleton s Company June 1, 1777. 
Justinian Cartwright, Sergeant-major. Appointed 
James Hines, Qr. Mr. a Sergeant. do. 

Sergeant. do. 

do. do. 

Drum-major. do. 

Fife-major. -do. 

Drummer. do. 

Corporal. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 



James.Didlake, 
Thomas Hood, 
Robert Hart Hunter, 
Thomas Parr, 
Phil. Johnson, 
Matthew Allen, 
Thomas Ward, 
James Alexander, 



Mar. 1, 1779. 
Aug. 15, 1778. 
Dec. 20, 1776. 

do. 
Unknown. 

do. 

do. 
Nov. 1, 1778. 

do. 
Unknown. 



Matrossesfor Three Years. 



William Barnes, enlisted January 22, 1777. 

Christian Bland, do. March 20, 1777. 

John Farlough, do. June 3, 1777. (Wagoner to Col. Harrison.) 

Phil. Johnson. (Reduced from Drummer, June 1, 1779.) 

Isaac Kimmey. (Driver to ammunition-wagon.) 

John Kelly, ) (Sent to Providence, K. I., to join Captain Pierce s Company, 

William Kelly, ( June 1, 1779.) 

James Sandifer, enlisted April 3, 1777. (Driver to a field-piece.) 

Beverly Spencer, do. January 30, 1777. (Wagoner.) 

William Powell, do. in General Knox s Guard. 

COMPANY No. 6, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, JUNE 4, 1778. 



John Dandridge, 

Michael McNemera, 

Walter Richardson, 

William Meredith, 

Justinian Cartwright, Sergeant. 

Kobert Scott, Corporal. 



Captain. Commissioned Feb. 7, 1777. 

First-lieutenant. do. Jan. 1, 1778. 

Second-lieutenant, do. Mar. 4, 1778. 

Captain-lieutenant, do. Jan. 13, 1777. 

Appointed Dec. 20, 1776. 
do. do. 



Elias Wingate, 



do. 



do. 



do. 



248 



OFFICERS AND PEIVATES 



Thomas Eobinson, 


Corporal. 


Appointed 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


James Hines, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Joseph Ball, 


Bombardier. 


do. 


Jan. 22, 1777. 


William Freeman, 


do. 


do. 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


Thomas Leigh, 


Gunner. 


do. 


Feb. 10, 1777. 


Thomas Coleman, 


do. 


do. 


Jan. 27, 1777. 


Charles Nelmes, 


do. 


do. 


Mar. 10, 1777 


John Cottey, 


Fifer. 


do. 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


Thomas Wilkins, 


Drummer. 


do. 


Mar. 28, 1777. 



Matrosses for Three Years. 



Thomas Carter, 
Joseph Lock, 
John Fisher, 
Sill Welsh, 
Benj. Welch, 
George Walker, 
John Alexander, 
Kobert Bryron, 



Enlisted 
Mar. 10, 1777. 

do. 

Feb. 1, 1777. 
Feb. 4, 1777. 

ao. 

do. 

Mar. 10, 1777. 
Dec. 20, 1776. 



Enlisted 

Samuel Henderson, Dec. 28, 1776. 
William Fitzhugh, Mar. 17, 1777. 
Edward Dean, Mar. 1, 1777. 

James Sullivan, do. 

John Jones, Feb. 4, 1777. 

Peter Layland (deserted), do. 
John Gray, do. Fek 2, 1777. 

William Dinny, do. Mar. 10, 1777. 



CAPT. JOHN DANDRIBGE S COMPANY OF ARTILLERY, AS IT STOOD AT 
SMITH S CLOVE, JULY 4, 1779. 

John Dandridge, Captain. Absent on leave. 
Walter Kichardson, Second-lieutenant. 

Sergeants. 
Thomas Kobinson, } 

Corporals. 

Eobert Scott, I 

Elias Wingate, 

Bombardiers. 
William Freeman, \ 

Gunners. 
Thomas Carter, | 

Drum and Fife. 
Thomas Wilkins, | 

Matrosses. 
John Alexander, 
Eobert Bryron, 
James Sullivan, 
Edward Deans, 
John Fisher, 
William Fitzhugh, 
Samuel Henderson, 



Charles Nelmes. 
Thomas Leigh. 

Thomas Coleman. 
Joseph Lock. 
John Cottey. 

William Button, 
George Eice, (Wagoner). 
George Walker, 
Michael Welch, 
Sill Welch, 
Benj. Welch, 
John Jones. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



249 



COMPANY No. 7, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, JUNE 3, 1778. 

John Champe Carter, Captain. Commissioned Oct. 80, 1777. 

William Poythress, First-lieutenant. do. Nov. 20, 1777. 



Robert Dandridge, 


Second-lieutenant, do. 


Oct. 30, 1777. 


Martin McKennon, 


Sergeant. 


Appointed 


Dec. 20,1776. 


Jacob Diener, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


William Suttle, 


Corporal. 


do. 


do. 


William Summers, 


Bombardier. 


do. 


do. 


William Cook, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Eeuben Griffith, 


do. 


do. 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


Neil Brown, 


Gunner. 


do. 


Jan. 27,1777. 


John Adams, 


do. 


do. 


Jan. 80, 1777. 


Henry Pursell, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Benjamin Shurles, 


do. 


do. 


Jan. 27,1777. 


Uriah Brock, 


Fifer. 


do. 


Feb. 1, 1773. 


Charles McAllister, 


Drummer. 


do. 


Jan. 80, 1777. 



Matrosses for Three Years. 





Enlisted 


Enlisted 


Luke Bullin, 


Dec. 16, 1776. 


William Sellers, April 4, 1777. 


Henry Middleton, 


Dec. 22, 1776. 


William Shannon, Aug. 8, 1777. 


John Wren, 


Jan. 11,1777. 


William Dichie, Jan. 5, 1777. 


Jeremiah Levy, 


April 1, 1777. 


Isham Burns, Sept. 4, 1777. 


Eobert Kelly, 


Jan. 23, 1777. 


Henry Hazel, April 16, 1777. 


William Chevis, 


Jan. 27, 1777. 


David Wilson, Dec. 10, 1776. 


Gideon Wing, 


Feb. 10, 1777. 


(Died May 10, 1778.) 


William Powers, 


Feb. 6, 1777. 


Nicholas Dorsey, Jan. 1, 1777. 



CAPT. JOHN CHAMPE CARTER S COMPANY, AS IT STOOD AT ** CAMP 
NEAR CHESTER," JULY 9, 1779. 

John C. Carter, Captain. 

Thomas Dix, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 15, 1778. 

William Poythress, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 20, 1777. 



Martin McKennon, William Cook, 

Jacob Diener, | William Summers, Corporal. 

Bombardiers. 
Neil Brown, | John Adams. 

Gunners. 

Henry Middleton, I Benjamin Shurles, acting as Guard 

William Chevis, | to General Knox. 

Drum and Fife. 

William Shannon, | Uriah Brock. 

11* 



250 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Matrasses. 



Eobert Brown, 
Joseph Bishop, 
Isham Burns, 
Luke Bullins, 
Nicholas Dorsey, 
William Dichie, 
William Powers, 
William Sollers, 
John Wren, 



Matthew Ellis, 
Keuben Griffith, 
Eobert Kelly, 
Jeremiah Levey, 
Laurence McDonald, 
Charles McCallister, 
William Suttles, 
Gideon Wing. 



COMPANY No. 8, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, JUNE 3, 1778. 

Samuel Eddens, Captain. Commissioned January 1, 1778. 

Lewis Booker, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned January 18, 1777. 

Eichard Hill, First-lieutenant. Commissioned October 20, 1777. 

Abraham Cole, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 30, 1777. Sick in 

Virginia. 

John Chick, Sergeant. Sick in Virginia. 
Christian Francis, Corporal. Appointed December 20, 1776. 
William Machie, 
Augustine Lawless, 
Christian Cawthron, 
Charles Powell, 
James Gentry, 
Eichard Croxton, 
Eichard Eogers, 
George Anderson, 
John Sneed, 



do. 


do. 


do. 


Bombardier. 


do. 


February 10, 1777. 


do. 


do. 


January 11, 1777. 


do. 


do. 


January 9, 1777. 


do. 


do. 


January 11, 1777. 


Gunner. 


do. 


February 10, 1777. 


do. 


do. 


January 5, 1777. 


Drummer. 


do. 


February 15, 1777. 


Fifer. 


do. 


January 20, 1777. 



Matrossesfor Three Years. 





Enlisted 




Joseph Clark, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


William Vaughan, 


John Denton, 


Jan. 29,1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 


Charles Lyle, 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


John Wilds, 


Charles Morgan, 


Jan. 10, 1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 


Isaac Wesson, 


Sept. 15, 1777. 


Eichard Parker, 


Benjamin Lawson, 


Sept. 24, 1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 


William Cremer, 


April 10, 1777. 


William Bibb, 


John Lyle, 


Jan. 31, 1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 


Jacob Peale, 


Jan. 27, 1778. 


Solomon Hall, 


Edward Sage, 


Aug. 1, 1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 



Enlisted 
Feb. 10, 1777. 

Sept. 24, 1777. 
Feb. 10,1778. 
Unknown, 
do. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 



251 



CAPT. SAMUEL EDDENS COMPANY OF ARTILLERY, AS IT STOOD AT 
SMITH S CLOVE, JULY 4, 1*7 7 9. 

Samuel Eddens, Captain. On command at Providence. 
Lewis Booker, Captain-lieutenant. 

John Carson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned May 1, 1779. Joined Cap 
tain Brown s Maryland Company, 
Christian Cawthorn, Sergeant. Appointed October 1, 1778. 



Charles Powell, do. 

Christopher Francis, Corporal. 
Augustine Lawless, do. 
"William Michie, do. 

James Gentry, do. 

Richard Rogers, Gunner. 
John Sneed, Fifer. 
George Anderson, Drummer. 



do. do. 

do. December 20, 1776. 

Driver to a piece of Artillery. 

do. January 1, 1779. 



Matrosses. 



Zechariah Bowls, 
Joseph Clark, 
William Creirner, 
Benjamin Lawson, 
Charles Morgan, 



Jacob Peal, 
James White, 
John Wells, 
Isaac Wesson, 
(Piece Driver.) 



COMPANY No 9, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, JUNE 3, 1778. 

Thomas Baytop, Captain. Commissioned February 5, 1778. 

William Fleming Gaines, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned Oct. 20, 1777. 

Holland Haynie, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 30, 1777. 

William Stevenson, Second-lieutenant. do. September 30, 1777. 

James Tyrie, do. do. April 23, 1778. 

Gawin Hamilton, Sergeant. Appointed December 26, 1776. 



John Cooper, 
Jarnes Tucker, 
James Bailey, 
James Sharpe, 



do. 
do. 

Corporal. 
do. 



William Alexander, do. 
Jesse Dillon, Bombardier. 
William Foster, do. 
Richard Carle, Drummer. 
John Williams, Fifer. 



do. February 15, 1777. 

do. May 1, 1777. Furloughed to Virginia, 

do. February 3, 1777. 

do. December 20, 1776. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. February 8, 1777. 

do. April 28, 1777. 

do. May 11, 1777. 



Matrosses for Three Years. 

Enlisted EnUeted 

John Hopper, Jan. 31, 1777. John Roach, April 5, 1777. 

William Powel, Jan. 8, 1777. Henry Lacy, Feb. 22, 1777. 



252 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Dale Carter, 
John Graves, 
John Morgan, 



Enlisted 
Aug. 22,1777. 
Dec. 20, 1776. 
July 20, 1777. 



Michael Sullivan, Dec. 20, 1776. 



Peter Springfield, 
William Gentry, 
Valentine Bethel, 



Enlisted 
Jan. 19, 1777. 
Nov. 12, 1777. 
Jan. 9, 1777. 



COMPANY No. 10, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, JUNE 3, 1778. 

John Henry, Captain. Commissioned February 7, 1777. 

William Meredith, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned January 13, 1777. 

Thomas Fenn, First-lieutenant. do. do. 

Matthew Drury, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 

James Christian, do. do. do. 

William Smith, do. do. do. 

Warren Parker, Corporal. do. do. 

Lemuel Carter, do. do. June 17, 1778. 

William McTyre, Bombardier. do. February 6, 1777. 

John Dunn, do. do. January 20, 1777. 

John Jones, Gunner. do. January 27, 1777. 

Thomas Wotten, Drummer. do. January 6, 1778. 

Thos. Campbell, Fifer. do. July 16, 1777. 

Matrossesfor Three Years. 



Richard Henson, 
George Gray, 
William Ferrell, 
John Allen, 
William Powel, 


Enlisted 
Jan. 27,1777. 
Jan. 7, 1777. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
Feb. 2, 1777. 
Jan. 4, 1777. 


Bartlett Leigh, 
Samuel Drury, 
George Kicherson, 
Thomas Smith, 


Enlisted 
June 1, 1777. 
Jan. 19, 1777. 
Jan. 31, 1777. 
Feb. 9, 1777. 



THE ABOVE COMPANY, AS IT STOOD AT " CAMP NEAR CHESTER," 
JULY 9, 1779. 

Whitehead Coleman, Captain. Commissioned August 15, 1778. 

William Meredith, Captain-lieutenant. 

Thomas Fenn, First-lieutenant. Promoted to Captain-lieutenant in Captain 

Pierce s Company in Rhode Island, June 18, 1779. 
Robert Dandridge, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned October 30, 1777. 



Matthew Drury, Sergeant. 
James Christian, do. 
William Smith, do. 



Warren Parker, Corporal. 
Samuel Carter, do. 
William McTyre, do. 



Bombardiers. 



John Dunn, 
John Jones, 
Thomas Wooton, Drummer. 



Thomas Campbell, Fifer. 

John Allen, Gunner. Enlisted Feb. 

2, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



253 



Matrosses. 



Richard Henson, 
WilliamFerrell, 
George Gray, 
Fielding Barram, 
Bartlett Leigh, 
Samuel Drury, 
John Lynch, 
James Clark, 
Mark Goldsberry, 
Darby Spelcy, 
Timothy Conly, 
Charles Murritt, 
John Sanders, 



John Ehodes, 
Charles Groome, 
John Fitzgerald, 
John Aspinwall, 
Thomas Carter, 
John Eeynolds, 
James Taylor, 
John Folkes, 
John Head, 
Eobert Smith, 
Ignatius Griffin, 
James Compton. 



LIST OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF COL. CHARLES HARRISON S 
REGIMENT OF ARTILLERY, WHO WERE DISCHARGED AND FUR- 
LOUGHED FROM THE PARK OF ARTILLERY, AT MoRRISTOWN, IN 

1780. 



Nathaniel Bur well, 


Captain. 


On furlough. 


John Blair, 


Lieutenant. 


do. 


William Stevenson, 


do. 


do. 


William Pierce, 


Captain. 


do. 


Samuel Coleman, 


Lieutenant. 


Absent sick. 


Walker Eichardson, 


do. 


On furlough. 


Lewis Booker, 


do. 


do. 


Drury Eagsdate, 


Captain. 


On furlough to Virginia. 


Whitehead Coleman, 


do. 


do. 


William Meredith, 


Lieutenant. 


do. 


Eobert Dandridge, 


do. 


do. 


John C. Carter, 


Captain. 


do. 


Thomas Dix, 


Lieutenant. 


do. 


William F. Gaines, 


do. 


do. 


Holland Hainey, 


do. 


do. 


Anthony Singleton, 


Captain. 


do. 


Ambrose Bohannan, 


Lieut. & P. M. 


do. 


Samuel K. Bradford, 


Lieutenant. 


do. 


Martin McKennon, 


Sergeant. 


Deserted April 1, 1780. 


John Eoach, 


Corporal. 


Discharged April 10, 1780. 


George Fritts, 


Drummer. 


do. do. 


Thomas Neal, 


Matross. 


Furloughed to Virginia. 


James Chamberlain, 


do. 


do. 


Eichard Sandford, 


do. 


Discharged Mar. 10, 1780. 


Thomas Doleman, 


do. 


do. do. 



254: 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Edward Lenegar, 


Matross. 


Furloughed to Virginia. 


Lewis Bowdry, 


do. 


Discharged Mar. 10, 1780. 


Josiah Cornelius, 


do. 


do. do. 


Eeuben Atkinson, 


do. 


do. do. 


Samuel Sandford, 


do. 


do. do. 


Drury Williamson, 


do. 


Furloughed to Virginia. 


Gideon Wing, 


do. 


Deserted April 1, 1780. 


William Sellers, 


do. 


Discharged April 10, 1780. 


Peter Springfield, 


do. 


Deserted April 1, 1780. 


James Hines, 


Sergeant. 


Discharged April 10, 1780. 


Robert Hart, 


Drum-major. 


Furloughed to Virginia. 


Thomas Parr, 


Fife-major. 


Deserted April 1, 1780. 


Charles Nelmes, 


Sergeant. 


Discharged Mar. 10, 1780. 


James Stewart, 


Gunner. 


do. do. 


Thomas Carter, 


do. 


do. do. 


William Hart, 


Matross. 


do. do. 


Joseph Lock, 


Gunner. 


do. do. 


Robert Belvin, 


Matross. 


do. Mar. 23, 1780. 


David Skelton, 


do. 


do April 10, 1780. 


John Alexander, 


do. 


do. Mar. 10, 1780. 


Lewis St. John, 


Bombardier. 


do. do. 


Alexander Kersey, 


Matross. 


do. do. 


Benjamin Kidd, 


do. 


do. April 10, 1780. 


James McDorman, 


Gunner. 


do. do. 


John Fleshner, 


Matross. 


do. do. 


Isaac Kimmey, 


do. 


do. do. 


Samuel Sandifer, 


do. 


do. do. 


William Johnson, 


do. 


Furloughed to Maryland. 


Samuel Drury, 


do. 


Furloughed to Virginia. 


John Lynch, 


do. 


Sick at Pluckemin. 


James Harding, 


do. 


do. 


Fielding Barrom, 


do. 


Furloughed to Virginia. 


John Kittler, 


do. 


Sick at Pluckemin. 


Christopher Stoakes, 


Sergeant. 


Discharged Jan. 10, 1780. 


James McGarland, 


Matross. 


do. do. 


John Howard, 


do. 


do. do. 


William Bartley, 


do. 


do. Feb. 7,1780. 


Samuel Cross, 


Sergeant. 


do. Jan. 10, 1780. 


Edward Shacklet, 


do. 


do. do. 


Burwell Bacon, 


Corporal. 


do. do. 


Richard Bouton, 


do. 


do. do. 


Reuben Hughes, 


Bombardier. 


do. do. 


Thomas Cross, 


Gunner. 


do. do. 


Thomas Chewning, 


Matross. 


do. Feb. 22, 1780. 


Aaron Ball, 


do. 


do. Feb. 7, 1780. 


Nathan Hughes, 


do. 


do. Jan. 10, 1780, 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



255 



Alexander Childress, Matrosa. 

John Harris, do. 

Kichard Sharwood, do. 

Thomas Alphin, do. 

Abraham Piggat, do. 

Robert Smithey, do. 

Francis Dyer, do. 

Walter Williams, do. 

John Bushell, do. 

Charles Gunter, do. 

Elisha Jones, do. 

John Elmore, do. 

Charles Lorman, do. 

Samuel Dyer, do. 

Thomas Coleman, Bombardier. 

John Fisher, Matross. 

George Walker, do. 

Sill Welch, do. 
Christopher Cawthron, Sergeant. 

Charles Powell, do. 

James Gentry, Corporal. 

Eichard Croxton, Bombardier. 

William Baughan, do. 

Eichard Eogers, Gunner. 

John Sneed, Fifer. 

Zechariah Bowles, Matross. 

Joseph Clark, do. 

Jeremiah Clark, do. 

John Lyle, do. 

Charles Morgan, do. 

Charles Lyle, do. 

Thomas Barber, Sergeant. 

Eoger O Donald, Matross. 

Eeuben Scott, do. 

Matthew Adams, Corporal. 

James Adams, Sergeant. 



Discharged Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. Jan. 12, 1780. 

do. Feb. 22, 1780. 

do. Feb. 7, 1780. 

do. Feb. 22, 1780. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. Feb. 4, 1780. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. Feb. 22, 1780. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

Furloughed to Virginia. 

do. 
Discharged Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. Feb. 7, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. Feb. 22, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

Furloughed to Virginia. 
Acting Com. Mil. Stores. 
Furloughed to Pluckemin. 
Wagoner of forage. 
Transferred to N. Y. Artillery. 

do. do. 



NOTE. The Maryland Artillery, under Captains Brown and Dorsey, were 
joined to Colonel Harrison s regiment in 1778, and continued to do duty in this 
regiment to the close of the war. These companies are given in a former place. 



256 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



NAMES AND RANK OF THE FIELD, STAFF, AND OTHER COMMISSIONED 
OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF COL. DANIEL MORGAN S HTH AND 
15TH VIRGINIA REGIMENTS, INCORPORATED, AS THEY STOOD FROM 
MAY 31, 1777, TO NOVEMBER 30, 1778. 



Daniel Morgan, Colonel. 

Abraham Buford, Colonel, from May 
15, 1778. 

John Cropper, Lieut. Colonel, from 
May 15, 1778. 

Gustavus B. Wallace, Lieut. Colonel. 

David Stephenson, Major. 

Philip Slaughter, Captain, and Pay 
master from June 1, 1778. 

Samuel Jones, Lieut, and Paymaster. 

Albridgeton Jones, Adjutant. 



Eobert Porterfield, Lieut, and Adju 
tant. 

John Barnes, Lieut, and Qr. Master. 
Mace Clements, Surgeon. 
Joseph Davis, do. 
John Crute, Quartermaster s Serg t. 
William Death, do. 

Charles Erskine, Sergeant-major. 
Thomas Pollock, do. 

Robert Sharman, Fife-major. 



COMPANY No. 1, AS IT STOOD IN MAY, 1777. 

James Calderwood, Captain. Commissioned January 19, 1777. 
Thomas Lucas, First-lieutenant. do. January 23, 1777. 
Thomas Burd, Second-lieutenant, do. do. 

William Hood, Ensign. do. do. 

Elijah Eippey, Sergeant. Appointed February 11, 1777. 
James Weir, do. do. February 20, 1777. 

William Kane, do. do. May 6, 1777. 

John Foster, Drummer. do. March 20, 1777. 
John Shields, Fifer. do. May 4, 1777. 

Privates. 





Enlisted 




Enlisted 


John Brittain, 


Mar. 14,1777. 


Joseph Bates, 


May 3, 1777. 


John Haines, 


do. 


George Cotton, 


April 29, 1777. 


William Ho well, 


Mar. 19, 1777. 


John Ryan, 


May 4, 1777. 


Peter Mitchell, 


Mar. 20, 1777. 


Bernard Gorman, 


do. 


John Dempsey, 


April 1, 1777. 


Thomas Sheridan, 


April 25, 1777. 


Thomas Nevines, 


April 24, 1777. 


Daniel Halley, 


May 4, 1777. 


Daniel Robinson, 


April 20, 1777. 


James Barton, 


April 27, 1777. 


John Davis, 


April 4, 1777. 


William Fiely, 


April 30, 1777. 


Thomas Neyland, 


April 1, 1777. 


Joseph Ellerton, 


April 18, 1777. 


Matthias Abell, 


Feb. 15, 1777. 


John McDowell, 


Feb. 20, 1777. 


Samuel King, 


Feb. 17, 1777. 


John Doyle, 


Feb. 5, 1777. 


John McKay, 


Feb. 26, 1777. 


James Ryan, 


Feb. 28, 1777. 


William Richison, 


Feb. 20, 1777. 


Richard Mudd, 


Feb. 10, 1777. 


Richard Hutchison, 


Mar. 29, 1777. 


John Connolly, 


Feb. 14, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 



257 



Philip Bassett, 
William Lucas, 
George Ogleby, 


Enlisted 
Feb. 23,1777. 
Mar. 26, 1777. 
April 25, 1777. 


Joseph Bramford, 
Michael Grew, 


Enlisted 
Feb. 16, 1777. 
May 4, 1777, 



COMPANY No. 2, AS IT STOOD IN MAT, 1777. 



Charles Gallahue, Captain. Died 

May 24, 1777. 
Joseph Davis, Lieutenant. 

Sergeants. 



Eobert Young, Lieutenant. 
Charles Tyler, Ensign. 



Thomas Koberson, 


John H. Johnson, 


Francis Langfitt, 


Eobert Mills. 


Corporals. 


Eichard Marshall, 


Aquilla Narvel, 


John Quint, 


Yelverton Eeardon. 


Drum and Fife. 


John Farrell, 


Eobert Shearman. 


Privates. 


Isaac Davis, 


William Trusfield, 


Benjamin Gray, 


William Smith, 


Moses Wickliffe, 


James Thompson, 


Benjamin Wickliffe, 


Thomas Bryan, 


William Suddoth, 


Edward Wilson, 


Terrance Conner, 


George Whately, 


James Brower, 


John Eobertson, 


Arrington Wickliffe, 


George Winter, 


Stephen King, 


William Henry, 


John Mattingly, 


William Pope, 


William Grant, 


Eobert Holliday, 


Koger McMahon, 


Eobert Clark, 


William Cotrell, 


Peter Lowry, 


Peter Fullam, 


Duncan Cowen, 


James Evans, 


John Armond, 


James Clerk, 


Leander Murphy, 


George White, 


Thomas Skinner, 


Henry Dogan, 


John H. Croson, 


Zephaniah Posey, 


Samuel Guy, 


James Ebb, 


Daniel Eich, 


George Gilmore, 


James Gilbert, 


Charles Cunningham, 


David Mason, 


John Dickerson, 


John Harley, 


Joseph Roberts, 


Francis Gray, 


Amos Spencer, 


George Marlow. 


William Bird, 





258 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Townes, Ensign, from Nov. 
25, 1776. 



COMPANY No. 3, AS IT STOOD JUNE 1, 1777. 
William Johnston, Captain. 
William Powell, Lieutenant. 
Robert Porterfield, do. 

Sergeants, 

I William Oldrid, 

Michael Loysett. 

Corporals. 

I John McCart, 

John Harriss, Drummer. 



Peyton Powell, 
Archibald Botts, 



John Means, 
William Palmer, 
Shadrack Keader, 



Privates. 



John Cahill, 
Andrew Harrison, 
John Stanton, 
John Hurley, 
William Hunt, 
John Pasgoe, 
James Nicholls, 
Nicholas White, 
Thomas Welch, 
Christian Fitzimmons, 
Thomas Organ, 
Richard Woodham, 
Matthew Donnovan, 



John Winder, 
Francis Nix, 
Richard Conner, 
John Beavan, 
Richard Matthews, 
John Feagan, 
Reuben Bearley, 
Samuel Hart, 
Nicholas Loyde, 
John Martin, 
Thomas Miller, 
John Thomas, 
Peter Read. 



THE ABOVE COMPANY, AS IT STOOD NOVEMBER 1, 1778. 



William Johnston, Captain. 
Robert Porterfield, Lieutenant, and 
Adjutant in the Light-horse. 



Peyton Powell, 
John Bruce, 
John Lyon, 

John Means, 
Shadrack Reader, 
John Godbolt, 

Samuel Sparks, 
James Thompson, 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



John Crittenden, Lieutenant. 
Timothy Feely, do. 



Michael Loysett, 
Samuel Flaugherty, 
Archibald Botts. 



John Kearns, 
John McCart, 
John Harris, Drummer. 

Nicholas White, 
John Stanton, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



259 



Aaron Paul, 
Michael McEnnolly, 
William Burk, 
David Phillips, 
James Nicholas, 
Thomas Jeffs, 
George Hanshaw, 
George Shackelty, 
John Smith, 
Edward Marlow, 
John McMullen, 
Job Jenkins, 
William Hunt, 
Peter Gilham, 
Eichard Addison, 
John Johnson, 
Michael Shea, 
Benjamin Bogan, 
Kobert Stakes, 
James Heatly, 
Alexander Strickland, 
Joseph Fox, 
Thomas Sherry, 
William Gamble, 
Thomas Miller, 
Thomas Welch, 
John Bartley, 



John Thomas, 
William Campbell, 
John Read, 
Thomas Smith, 
Michael Donnovan, 
Hugh Glass, 
John Kahili, 
Joseph White, 
James Lynch, 
John Halfpain, 
Patrick Welch, 
Andrew Harrison, 
Thomas Jones, 
Robert Blair, 
Timothy Sham, 
Thomas Roberts, 
Richard Connor, 
James Maloy, 
Thomas Ogan, 
John Feagan, 
Daniel Dulin, 
Richard Woodham, 
James Bowing, 
Robert Mitchell, 
John Lovell, 
William Groves, 
Daniel Kent. 



COMPANY No. 4, AS IT STOOD JUNE 1, 1777. 

Charles Porterfield, Captain. 

Sergeants. 



William Edmondson, 
George Greenway, 



James D unbar, 
Solomon Fitzpatrick, 



Corporals. 
William Jenkins, 



Anthony Maidy, Drummer. | 

Privates. 
John Heth, Cadet. 
David Cole, 
Michael Redman, 
John Quaintance, 
Richard Evans, 
John Hickey, 
James O Bryan, 



Duncan Mead, Fifer. 

John Roberts, 
Abraham Brewer, 
John Melone, 
Joshua Hay croft, 
William Hodge, 
Joseph Harris, 
John Quinn, 



260 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Tomlin, 
William Hinds, 
Anthony Madden, 
James Eomaine, 
John Holly, 
Nathaniel Harper, 
Jeremiah Connell, 
Abel Komaine, 
Christopher Buly, 
Samuel Johns, 
George Harris, 
Moses Plain, 
James Cassenbury, 
James Allenworth, 
Kobert Severe, 
John Kelly, 



Thomas Stutherd, 
Patrick Daily, 
John Phillips, 
Lewis Stump, 
Andrew Everhart, 
Andrew Drake, 
Baptist Kussell, 
Aaron Eedman, 
John Alright, 
William Atchison, 
John Ously, 
David Pugh, 
Archibald Finley, 
Alexander Dressdell, 
John Collett. 



COL. MORGAN S RIFLEMEN, WHO WERE INCORPORATED AND SERVED 
WITH CAPT. PORTERFIELD S COMPANY. 



Elias Toland, Corporal. 

Daniel Davies, 
Humphrey Becket, 
Solomon Veal, 
Christopher Duncan, 
Absalom Crown, 
John Anderson, 
Eichard Eounsifer, 
Edward Clevinger, 
Jacob Stump, 



I 
Privates. 



Koly Jacobs, Corporal. 

William Bartlett, 
David Ray, 
John Adams, 
John Eobinson, 
Samuel Middleton, 
Abraham Groves, 
John Hopewell, 
James Giles, 
William Jacobs. 



THE ABOVE COMPANY OF CAPT. PORTERFIELD, AS IT STOOD Nov. 



30, 1778. 



Charles Porterfield, Captain. 

Philip Slaughter, Lieutenant, and Paymaster. 

David Williams, Lieutenant. 



William Edinundson, 
James Dunbar, 
Tobias Bourk, 
Barnard Eogers, 

John Campbell, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Isaac Brown, 
William Jenkins, 
John Collett. 



Benjamin Button, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAK. 



261 



Thomas Gaines, 
Anthony Madden, 
John Potts, 



John Wood, 
Augustus Berry, 
Clement Kichards, 
Adam Sheets, 
Thomas Hernly, 
Rowland Sutton, 
James Holmes, 
Sylvester Hurly, 
Jonathan Potts, 
David Potts, 
James Noland, 
Archibald Finley, 
Alex. Dindell, 
Peter Barrand, 
John Tomlin, 
Jeremiah Connell, 
Nathaniel Henper, 
Edwin Cleveuger, 
John Kelly, 
Joshua Haycraft, 
George Wolf, 
Zachary Butts, 
William Eoe, 
Thomas Lee, 



Privates. 



William Copeland, 

William Hogg, 

Anthony Byrom, Drummer. 

Henry Tinchman, 
John Bell, 
James Fitzgerald, 
Thomas Stutherd, 
John Cowgill, 
Felty Fish, 
Kobert Green, 
Thomas Mitchell, 
John Strickland, 
Lewis Stump, 
Michael Murphy, 
John Phillips, 
William Elcheson, 
William Bills, 
Daniel Collett, 
Moses Plain, 
William Hinds, 
Andrew Everhart, 
William Whiteall, 
John Dempsey, 
Aaron Eedman, 
William Beason, 
William Hicks, 
Edwin Toe. 



COMPANY No. 5, AS IT STOOD JUNE 1, 1777. 

William Smith, Captain. 
Isaiah Larks, Lieutenant. Thomas Thomas, Ensign. 



Sergeants. 
Isaac Brown, 
Jonathan Owsly, 
Thomas Owsly. 



Timothy Kennedy, 
Thomas McDonald, 
David Phillips, 
Thomas Koberts, 
William Copeland, 
David Potts, 



Privates. 



Corporals. 
John Bruce, 
Kandall Morgan, 
Matthew Byram. 

Joseph Thornton, 
Henry Purcel, 
James M. Warren, 
Edward Holmes, 
William Whitehall, 
Edward Marlow, 



262 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Tobias Burgh, 
Isaac Fleetwood, 
Jonathan Potts, 
Joseph Daniels, 
John Nugent, 
John McMaklan, 



Benjamin Kock, 
George Spencer, 
John Olvason, 
Anthony Forrest, 
(Discharged May 21, 1777.) 



COMPANY No. 6, AS IT STOOD JUNE 1, 1777. 



Thomas Blackwell, Captain. 
John Marshall, 1st Lieut. 



John Morgan, 
Samuel Phillips, 



James Wright, 2d Lieut. 
Thomas Eansdell, 3d Lieut. 



Edward Fielding, 
Thomas Lawler, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



John Anderson, 
Joseph Garner. 



Thomas Eycroft, 
William Sudduth. 



John Bates, Drummer. 
Privates. 



John Lawless, 
John Williams, 
Spencer Edwards, 
John Lee, 
Benjamin Kenton, 
John Grant, 
Daniel Grant, 
John Mitchell, 
John Laws, 
John Hasty, 
Clement Hasty, 
Mach. Eobinson, 
James Ash, 
Bayles Stone, 
Kichard Harvey, 
Edward Kansdell, 



Kichard Broadus, 
William Shumate, 
John Straughn, 
Charles Gainer, 
John Phillips, 
William Dennis, 
Thomas Bates, 
William Heally, 
David Harris, 
Samuel Elliott, 
Charles Morgan, 
Charles Duncan, 
William Kearns, 
John Crytser, 
Simon Barry. 



COMPANY No 7, AS IT STOOD JUNE 1, 1777. 



Peter Bryn Bruin, Captain. 
George Calmes, 1st Lieut. 



Charles Magill, 2d Lieut. 
Timothy Feely, Ensign. 



Sergeants. 



James Flaherty, 
William Death, 



John Early, 
Daniel Carson. 



James Dowdle, Cadet. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



263 



Privates. 



Benjamin Bogan, 
William Burk, 
John Bartley, 
Job Jenkins, 
Robert Blair, 
John Halfpenny, 
James Beetly, 
Eichard Addison, 
Curtis Hill, 
James Bowen, 
George Handshaw, 
John Kearly, 
James Molloy, 
John Burk, 
John Carey, 
John Campbell, 
Dennis Jarrel, 
William Gamble, 
Hugh Glass, 
William Legget, 
John Crumm, 
William Castle, 
Christian Koony, 
Michael McAnally, 

COMPANY No. 
Thomas Wills, Captain. 

Henry Prudon, 
William Trabue, 

Benjamin Rucks, 
Bradford Cox, 

Thomas Gale, 

Cornelius Rind, 
Joshua Perkins, 
Samuel Murfrey, 
Benjamin Ash, 
Daniel Jones, 
Charles McEntire, 



Aaron Paul, 
Robert Stokes, 
Timothy Shehan, 
Michael Shee, 
Samuel Sparks, 
John Sherry, 
George Sheckelty, 
James Thompson, 
Joseph White, 
Charles Wiltshire, 
Thomas Jeffs, 
John Johnston, 
John Meade, 
John Lovell, 
William Groves, 
Richard Black, 
John McGuire, 
Samuel Glynn, 
James Davis, 
Mathew Bevins, 
James Talman, 
Joseph Vance, 
Peter Karland, 
John Lyon. 



8, AS rr STOOD Nov. 30, 1778. 

I Luke Cannon, Lieutenant. 

Sergeants. 

Frederick Nance. 



John Murfrey. 



Corporals. 



Drum and Fife. 

| Charles Broadfield. 

Privates. 

Murdock McKinsey 
John Edwards, 
Richard Johnson, 
James Casey, 
David Turner, 
Obadiah Bullock, 



264 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Morris, 
Jesse Kelly, 
Aaron Woosley, 
John Everett, 
William Rose, 
Robert Dison, 
Walter Rand, 
Daniel Goff, 
Alexander Scurlock, 
Burwell Flood, 
John Morris, 
William Creaton, 
Claiborne Andrews, 
John Connant, 



George Blankership, 
Ishain Grow, 
William Belcher, 
James Crook, 
Lawrence Ward, 
John Toles, 
William Guy, 
Charles Lucas, 
Joseph Handley, 
Stephen Dyson, 
Peter Maginnis, 
Daniel Mullan, 
James Walden, 
Bartholomew Cyrus. 



COMPANY No. 9, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 1778. 



George Rice, Captain. 
James Wright, 1st Lieut. 

David Parker, 
William Davis, 



Benjamin Wickliffe, 
William Waller, 
John Parkson, Fifer. 
Joseph McMahon, do. 

George McMahon, 
William Henry, 
William Cottrell, 
John Bolden, 
William Lewis, 
John Mathews, 
John Critchfleld, 
Thomas Shores, 
Thomas Shivers, 
James Evans, 
George Winter, 
Samuel Guy, 
Robert Holliday, 
Michael Malone, 
Charles Cunningham, 
Leander Murphy, 



John Barnes, 2d Lieut, and Qr. Mr. 
Richard Marshall, Serg t Major. 

Aquilla Narvell. 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Henry Shaugh, 

John Ferrill, Drummer. 

John Welch, do. 



William Cole, 
Terrance Conner, 
Thomas Bryan, 
John Melvin, 
John Mattingly, 
Moses Wickliffe, 
William Suddoth, 
James Brown, 
James Parks, 
William Gibbs, 
Philip Freeman, 
John Midson, 
Henry Clung, 
William Grant, 
John Armond, 
James Thompson, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



265 



Robert Young, 
Daniel Rich, 
Henry Dogan, 
Zephaniah Posey, 
James Clark, 
Matthew Martin, 
John Evans, 
Joseph Stillwell, 
Amos Spencer, 
Thomas Ashley, 
Thomas Parsons, 



John Stephens, 
James Luck, 
Enoe Lyon, 
Thomas Crumley, 
George White, 
Benjamin Gray, 
Edward Wilson, 
John Quint, 
Peter Fullam, 
Francis Gray. 



COMPANY No 10, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 
Samuel Booker, Captain. | Lawrence Butler, Lieutenant. 

Sergeants. 
Daniel Vasser, | William Cock. 

Corporals. + 

James Ryalls, | Samuel Ryalls. 

John Lewis, Drummer. 



Joel Vasser, 
James Hinds, 
Lewis Pugh, 
Thomas Bridgeman, 
Littleton Gaskins, 
John Spence, 
Levin Clark, 
Joshua Hundly, 
Benoni Lipscomb, 
Bennet McGery, 
Andrew Pable, 
Joseph Robison, 
John Dunaway, 
Matthew Webb, 
John Brawner, 
John McKinsey, 
William Buford, 
John Tillory, 
Henry Bird, 
Moll Wilday, 
Henry Spence, 
Israel Singleton, 
Abraham Davis, 



Privates. 



Elisha Wyatt, 
Benj. Bartlett, 
John Algood, 
Isaac Proctor, 
John Kern, 
Jesse Gaskins, 
William Jeffrace, 
Matthew Jackson, 
Elijah Blundell, 
John Parris, 
Joseph Singleton, 
John Lawrence, 
James Frazier, 
John Webb, 
William Curtiss, 
William Sebra, 
John Nelson, 
Jeffrey Palmer, 
Charles Edwards, 
John Derry, 
Peter Howard, 
James Spence, 
Robert Ord. 



12 



266 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



COMPANY No. 11, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 1778. 

James Gray, Captain, 
Samuel Jones, Lieut, and Paymaster. | Thomas Davis, Ensign. 



Robert Craddoek, 
Willis Wilson, 
Spratley Simmons, 

Micajah Holt, 
Benjamin Sublet*, 

James Curtis, 

Henry Craddock, 
William Neal, 
James League, 
Lewis Story, 
Morning Lipscomb, 
John Speed, 
Anthony P. Walter, 
Jerry Basham, 
Edmund Clements, 
Jerry Bentley, 
George Belcher, 
Edward Belcher, 
Edmund Absalom,, 
Kirby Portia, 
Francis Smith, 
Jesse Bryant, 
David Maiden r 
Kichard Day, 
Joseph Covender, 
Robert Belcher, 
Thomas Lipscomb, 
William Jenkins, 
John Barker, 
William Woosley, 
William Madison, 
Daniel Story, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Drum and Fife. 

I 
Privates. 



Kichison Booker, 
Henry Tillar. 



Thomas Trent, 



Thomas Weatherly. 

Bartlett Holmes, 
Thomas Pope, 
Asa Cawley, 
John Nunnally, 
George Lovell, 
Moore Lumpkin, 
Kichard Taylor, 
Moses Woosley, 
Stephen Stacey r 
Stephen Freeman, 
Benjamin Newton, 
John Chaffin, 
Isham Whitt, 
Joseph Whitaker, 
Isaac Morris, 
Kobert White, 
Kobert Harrison, 
Caleb Hill,. 
William Shett, 
John Quinn, 
Robert Mush, 
David Evans, 
Jesse Hall, 
John Redwood, 
Randall Reese, 
Edmund Massey. 



COMPANY No. 12, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 1778. 

John Gregory, Captain, | Thomas Holt, Lieutenant 

David Mason, do. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



267 



Burwell Wilks, 
Jacob Pain, 
Isham Felts, 
Lewis Best, 

Joseph Hews, 
Thomas Goodrum, 
Bernard Wilkinson, 
John Henderson 



Thomas Butler, 
William Pearce, 



John Pearce, 
William Green, 
John Cleveland, 
Ben. Wharton, 
Chris. James, 
Fennel Baker, 
John Early, 
Stephen Turner, 
William Tomlinson, 
John McKenriy, 
Jerry Ingrain, 
John Williams, 
Michael Booth, 
Hart. Barham, 
John Hunter, 
Jesse Kirkland, 
James Dick, 
Thomas Wilkerson, 
William Whaley, 
Michael Upchurch, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Drummers. 



Privates. 



William Pryor, 
George Hunt, 
John Walters. 



John Slate, 
Patrick Lynch, 
John Newell. 



David Mangum, 
Edmund Edwards, Fifer. 

John Soden, 
James Oast, 
Sol. Kinsey, 
Henry Williams, 
David Dunn, 
Jesse Nichols, 
Matthew Russell, 
George Russell, 
Drury Tompkins, 
Richard Edmunds, 
Williamson Simmons, 
James Simmons, 
William Ward, 
John Singleton, 
Benjamin Matthews, 
Peter Lynch, 
Job Gaskins, 
Andrew Harrison, 
Tarlton Oldmond, 
John Tuder. 



LIEUT. OOL. JOHN CROPPER S COMPANY OF COL. MORGAN S REGI 
MENT, ATTACHED TO GENERAL WoODFORD s BRIGADE, AS IT STOOD 

NOVEMBER 30, 1778. 



John Cropper, Lieut. Colonel. 
John Marshall, Captain. On furlough. 



Thomas Ransdell, First-lieutenant. 
John Townes, Second-lieutenant. 



268 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Samuel Phillips, 
Thomas Lawler, 
William Cox, 

Edward Fielding, 
Thomas Rycroft, 
James Duffey, 



Spencer Edwards, 
Kedar Dobbs, 
William Eoland, 
Timothy Wood, 
James Bailey, 
Jesse Jones, 
George Long, 
John Huffman, 
Abden Duff, 
William Healy, 
Alexander Rynalds, 
Richard Broadus, 
William Shumate, 
William Dolbey, 
Henry Matthias, 
Matthew McDougle, 
Joseph Davis, 
Holliday Rival,. 
Howell Underbill, 
Alexander Campbell, 
William Leversage, 
Charles Dunn, 
William Creamore, 
John Hastey, 
John Laws, 
William Kearns, 



SergeanU 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Nathaniel Quarles, 
George Flack, 
John Anderson. 



Robert Watterson, 

Simon Butt, 

John Bates, Drummer. 

George Rose, 
Henry Simmons, 
Richard Harvey, 
John Phillips, 
John Fagg, 
John Lee, 
William Hardy, 
David Harris, 
Joshua Stafford, 
Adam Cormack, 
Levi Whitehurst, 
John Bibbey, 
George Sampson, 
Thomas Banks, 
Joseph Carter, 
Seth Williams, 
Isaiah Symes, 
Daniel Haily, 
Abraham Hill, 
Nathan Millington, 
John Lawless, 
John Ore, 
John Mitchell, 
John Crytser, 
Samuel Elliott, 
William Flora. 



COL. MORGAN S COMPANIES OF RIFLEMEN, AS THEY WERE INCORPO 
RATED, AND AS THEY STOOD JUNE 1, 1777. 



Gabriel Long, Captain. 
Philip Slaughter, Lieutenant. 



James Harrison, Lieutenant. 
Reuben Long, Ensign. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



269 



Daniel Hartley, 
Nicholas Long. 



William Roe, 
Thomas Gaines, 
Anthony Garnett, 
William Howell, 
Vincent Howell, 
Burren Moore, 
Thomas Wright, 
John Thomas, 
Jesse Wilhite, 
James Harris, 
Jacob Smith, 
Isaac Miller, 
Henry Holdway, 
William Loyd, 
James Wilson, 
Patrick Harrison. 



Corporals. 
James Edzard, 
John Campbell, 

Privates. 

Evans Long, 
John Harrison, 
John Wood, 
Augustine Barry, 
James Hoomes, 
John James, 
Thomas Carrier, 
Samuel McCurkle, 
George Wolf, 
Rowland Sutton, 
Benjamin Sutton, 
Clark Wise, 
Robert Green, 
James Noland, 
John Cowgill, 
Isaiah Corbin, 
William Tandy, 



CAPT. SHEPHERD S RIFLEMEN, JUNE 1, 
Elert Hogland, Sergeant. 

Privates. 

Richard Evans, i Felty Fritz, 

Thomas Mitchell, Adam Sheets. 

CAPT. WEST S COMPANY OF RIFLEMEN, JUNE 1, 1777. 
William Davis, Sergeant. 

Privates. 

Henry Tinchman, Martin Murphy, 

Clement Richards, Daniel Williams, 

James Bryan, Joseph Sampson. 

CAPT. BRADY S RIFLE COMPANY, JUNE 1, 1777. 
John Barnes, Ensign. 

Sergeants. 
Robert Rankin, | John Burriss. 

Privates. 

William Cole, 
William Lewis, 
Charles Bealer, 



Michael Malone, 



John Evans, 
John Bolden, 
John Strickland, 
Eobert Fields. 



270 



OFFICERS AND PKIVATES 



NAMES AND RANK OF THE FIELD, STAFF, AND OTHER COMMIS 
SIONED OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF COLONEL ALEXANDER SPOTTS- 
WOOD S 2o VIRGINIA REGIMENT, AS IT STOOD FROM JANUARY TO 
JUNE, 1777. 



Alexander Spottswood, Colonel. 
Richard Parker, Lieut. Colonel. 
Benjamin Day, Adjutant*. 
Ambrose Madison, Paymaster. 
Robert Bell, Quartermaster. 



Eobert Andrews, Chaplain. 
John Markham, Major. 
James Wallace, Surgeon. 
William Graham, Surgeon s Mate. 



COMPANY No. 1, AS IT STOOD MARCH 1, 1777. 

Buller Claiborne, Captain. 
John Worsham, First-lieutenant. | John Kennon, Second-lieutenant. 

Sergeants. 
George Burroughs, 
Joseph Crook, 



Lovell Harrison, Corporal. 

Richard Bonner, 
Rowland Kirkland, 
Is ham Browder, 
John Stacy, 
John Parker, 
Frederick Young, 
Reaps Mitchell, 
Alexander Kear, 



I 
Privates. 



John Cole, 
John Crawford. 

Patrick O Hara, Drummer. 



James Teate, 
Henry Barker, 
Barney Sykes, 
Joseph Harrison, 
Thomas Fisher, 
Frederick Hobbs, 
James Gordon, 
Frederick Hobbs. 



COMPANY No. 2, AS IT STOOD MARCH 1, 1777. 



Morgan Alexander, Captain. 
Marquis Calmes, 1st Lieut. 

Richard Patridge, 
Patrick Hagerty, 

John McCullock, 
Ledford Puller, 



Vaughn Jump, 
John Ashby, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Thomas Catlett, 2d Lieut. 
Daniel Ragin, Ensign. 

John Thompson, 
Thomas Trapp. 

Henry Parrish, 
Philip Ragin. 



Priesly Loven, 
Ephraim Doughrah, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



Moses Baaer, 
Aaron O Bannon, 
Samuel Trivet, 
Alexander Keith, 
George Blackmore, 
Joseph Drinker, 
Michael Monohon, 
Thomas Bishop, 
James Gassaway, 
Moses Johnson, 
Brice Ragin, 
Stacy Wilson, 
John Bowea, 
Adam Byas, 
William Cole, 
John Breedlove, 
Daniel McGowan, 
Leonard Johnson, 
Thomas Simmons, 



Arthur Fenton, 
Francis Nichols, 
John Corking, 
John Gassaway, 
John Reid, 
James Brown, 
Jesse Bailes, 
John Brent, 
James Thomas, 
Jeremiah Harrigan, 
William Reed, 
Solomon Bishop, 
William Dollar., 
William McKentree, 
George Smith, 
Thomas Blackmore, 
Jacob Antill, 
Charles RoaoL. 



COMPANY No. 3, AS IT STOOD MARCH 1, 



Everard Meade, Captain* 
Wood Jones, 1st Lieut 

Woodlief Thomas, 
Robert Jones, 

William Porter, 
Bur we 11 Jackson, 

Philip Dunnavant, 
Leonard Dunnavant, 
Claiborne Dunnavant, 
Edward Gibbs, 
William Maiden, 
Shedrack Clay, 
Solomon Clay, 
Hezekiah Seay, 
Josiah Lussy, 
Jacob Davis, 
Joseph Roach, 
Thomas Webster, 
Isaac Belcher, 



Sergeants* 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



John Ogilby, 2d Lieut. 
Henry Moss, Ensign. 



F<rancis Mallory, 
Miles Gibbs. 



Daniel Dunnavant, 
John Porter. 



John Sadler, 
Reuben Compton, 
William Garrett, 
Thomas Belcher, 
James Seay, 
Edward Booker, 
Jaby Deaton, 
Joshua Worsham, 
Thomas El more, 
Jacob Belcher, 
Archibald Compton, 
John Tucker, 
Thomas Bowers, 



272 



OFFICEKS AND PRIVATES 



Samuel Hunt, 
Thomas Robertson, 
Eichard Alderson, 
John Spinner, 
Thomas Brooks, 
George Deaton, 
Edward Belcher, 
Joshua Hood, 
Eobert Mann, 
Eiehard Wray 
Eobert Bradshaw, 
John Hood, 
Barnard Eoberts, 
Henry Worsham, 
George Vasser, 
James Chappell, 
Joel Shelton, 
Joseph Stubbs, Drummer. 



Herod Gibbs, 
George Moody, 
Peter Dyer, 
Eobert Ferguson, 
Thomas Burton, 
James T. Carr, 
Joel Belcher, 
William Belcher, 
Joseph Eskridge, 
Joseph Pollard, 
James Taylor, 
Nathan Davies, 
John Cavender, 
Obediah Hubbard, 
Edward Hobson, 
John Cossens, 
Shedrack Lussy. 

Thomas Mansfield, Fifer 



COMPANY No. 4, AS IT STOOD APRIL 30, 1777. 

Thomas Tebbs, Captain. 

Peyton Harrison, Lieutenant. Commissioned February 25, 1777. 

Valentine Harrison, Lieutenant. 

Erasmus Gill, appointed Sergeant Aug. 28, 1776, and Ensign Nov. 28, 1776. 



John Hall, 
Simon Horn, 

Levy Talbert, 
James Dollar, 



Henry Palmer, 
William Elliott, 
George Williams, 
John Cox, 
William Ehodes, 
James Dawson, 
John Price, 
Eichard Price, 
Charles Land, 
Thomas Heatherly, 
James Hardy, 
Eobert Preston, 



Sergeants. 

I 

Corporals. 
Privates. 



Joseph Hough. 



Adam Goff, 

Alex. Smith, Drummer. 

James Farron, 
William Denny, 
Eichard Bradley, 
Thomas Hughes, 
Evan Thomas, 
Thomas Pennell, 
Samuel Dunlap, 
Thomas Splaune, 
Cattesly Farron, 
Henry Rush, 
John Carroll, 
Eobert McWilliams, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



273 



Francis Drishell, 
Adonijah Davidson, 
Philip Goff, 
William Holler, 
John Warner, 
John Hildrup, 
Patrick Mclvory, 
James Kidd, 
John Eeardon, 
John Dunlap, 
Elijah Kenwood, 
John Strother, 



James Duvlin, 
William Dawbin, 
John McKensey, 
Richard Fryer, 
William Harris, 
William Mclntosh, 
William Cannary, 
Thomas Conner, 
John Saunders, 
William Farrow, 
John Caddell, 
Thomas Forbes. 



COMPANY No. 5, AS IT STOOD APRIL 1, 1777. 

George Nicholas, Major. I Samuel Cobbs, Lieutenant. 

John Holder, Lieutenant. 



Jeremy Parker, 
Nathaniel Robertson. 



James Hix, 
Francis Merryman, 

John Childress, 
Jesse Bowling, 
Nathan Gemmels, 
Jacob Seay, 
James Harper, 
Eobert Lowe, 
William Booton, 
James Kobertson, 
Thomas Merryman, 
Eobert Dickerson, 
Henry Clai borne, 
James Slate, 
William Dillon, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Richard Claiborne, 

John Bevins, Drum-major. 

Richard Jenkins. 



James Morgan, 
William Waters, 
David Harfield, 
Uriah Coulter, 
Henry Hix, 
Zechariah King, 
William Jones, 
George Williams, 
John Moss, 
James Strother, 
Peter Dean, 
Dudley Ballard, 
William Woody. 



COMPANY No. 8, AS IT STOOD APRIL 1, 1777. 

Francis Taylor, Captain. . Francis Cowherd, Second-lieutenant. 

William Taylor, First-lieutenant. James Burton, Ensign. 

Sergeants. 

Samuel Clayton, James Welch, 

James Broadus, Eobert Dawson. 

12* 



274 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Corporals. 



James Quin, 
Evan Bramham, 



Thomas Shelton, 
John Bourn. 



Jeremiah Cox, Drummer. 



Privates. 



Achilles Foster, 
Henry Russell, 
George Brooks, 
Ransdell Abbott, 
William Medley, 
William Ward, 
Thomas McClenahan, 
Robert White, 
Andrew Harrison, 
Stephen Ham, 
Elijah Deer, 
Leonard Sale, 
John Almand, 
Gerard Morton, 
Elisha Hawkins, 
Robert Chandler, 
James Brown, 
John Chowning, 
John Gillock, 
Samuel Warren, 
William Morris, 
Joseph Thomas, 
James Long, 
Henry Barnett, 
Turner Thompson, 



COMPANY No. 7, AS IT STOOD MARCH 1, 

William Sanford, Captain. , Joseph Archer, Lieutenant. 

Alexander Parker, Lieutenant. Thomas Parker, Ensign. 

Sergeants. 

William Eskridge, I Presley Sanders, 

James Sanford, Richard Sanford. 

Corporals. 

Jesse Brewer, | Joseph Smith. 
Privates. 

George Williams, Rowly Harris, 

William Chilton, Tarpley Nash, 

Daniel McChinney, Henry Chilton, 



Joseph Hervey, 
Shedrack Hill, 
Benjamin Dawson, 
Thomas Morris, 
John Finnet, 
Thornberry Bowling, 
James Dearing, 
Thomas Breedlove, 
Jacob Burrows, 
Elisha Estes, 
Perry Patterson, 
William Davis, 
Humphrey Shay, 
William Martin, 
John Snow, 
Thomas Flennan, 
Lewis Pines, 
Joel Foster, 
James Jackson, 
Thomas Ballard, 
James Beazley, 
William Turner, 
Edward Broad us, 
James Gibbons, 
John Johnson. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



275 



John Anderson, 
William Silence, 
John Cave, 
Eobert Sisson, 
Richard Murry, 
John Dunnaway, 
Vincent McKinney, 
George Davis, 
William Hudson, 
Francis Moore, 
William Holmes, 



COMPANY No. 8, AS IT STOOD JUNE 1, 

Samuel Hawes, Captain. 
Thomas Joaes, First-lieutenant. | James Upshur, Secoad-lieutenant. 



John Holmes, 
John White, 
John Jackson, 
Griffy Matthias, 
George Allison, 
William Marshall, 
William Gowden, 
John Marvel, 
James Johnson, 
George Hill, 
Read Hutt. 



Thomas Downer, 
Michael Long, 

Jeremiah Long, 
James Croncher, 

Thomas Ramsey, 
Sylvester Hughes, 
Virgil Poe, 
John Vaughn, 
Jesse Poe, 
Jonathan Smith, 
Richard Key, 
John Sullinger, 
Richard Chewning, 
John Yarboro , 
Thomas Livingston, 
Reuben Allen, 
William Griffin, 
John Carter, 
Willender Riddle, 
Richard Ridle, 
Obadiah Carter, 
Rush Hudson, 
Benjamin Robertson, 
William Davis, 
Humphrey Davis, 
Andrew Long, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Privates* 



Thomas Parker, 
John Gravatt. 



Samuel Boutwell, 
George Muse. 

George Murran, 
Charles Brown, 
Samuel Taylor, 
Francis Golman, 
James Baxter, 
Cager Chapman, 
Mark Bowler, 
Benjamin Herndon, 
James Sacrey, 
Isaac Sacrey, 
John V. Smith, 
Harden Tuning, 
George Marshall, 
Clay born Durret, 
Joseph Flipper, 
Landon Carter, 
Jesse Woodruff, 
Presley Cox, 
William Marshall, 
William Carter, 
William Coates, 
William Scandle. 



2T6 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



NAMES AND RANK OF THE FIELD, STAFF, AND OTHER COMMISSIONED 
OFFICERS, AND THE PRIVATES OF THE 3o VIRGINIA REGIMENT, 

COMMANDED BY LlEUT. CoL. WlLLIAM HfiTH, AS IT STOOD FROM 

SEPTEMBER, 1777, TO MAY, 1778. 



Thomas Marshall, Colonel. 

William Heth, Lieut. Colonel, from 

April 1, 1777. 

Chas.West, Major, from Feb. 1, 1777. 
John Hawkins, Adjutant. 
William Mountjoy, Paymaster. 
Hezekiah Turner, do. 

James Hansbrough, Quartermaster. 
Thomas Lawler, do. 



David Griffith, Chaplain. 
David Griffith, Surgeon. 
Charles Land, Surgeon s Mate. 
James Primm, Qr. Mr. s Sergeant. 
Charles Whiteman, do. 
Arthur Lind, Sergeant-major. 
Eichard Beal, do. 

Edward Harris, Drum-major. 
Daniel McCarty, Fife-major. 



COMPANY No. 1, AS IT STOOD FEB. 1, 1778. 



John F. Mercer, Captain. 



James Prim, 
George Jones, 
George Patten, 

Thomas Burris, 
Burn Harris, 
William Oliver, 

Samuel Young, 
Charles Lambert, 
James Holliday, 
William Bland, 
John Tate, 

John Ethrington, sen., 
John Ethrington, jun., 
Edward McGinnis, 
James Templar, 
John Bridges, 
Malleroy Adams, 
James Kearns, 
Thomas Moss, 
Michael Eogers, 
George Collop, 
James Shepard, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Jeremiah Thindall, 
Daniel James, 
John King. 

David Price, 
John Eogers, 
John Nicholson. 



Aaron Eeynolds, 
James Lee, 
Eobert Burn, 
William Spender, 
Francis Hughes, 
William Southerland, 
William Sugars, 
Daniel Mathews, 
John Scott, 
John Wells, 
John Ayres, 
John Thrailkill, 
George Armstrong, 
William Posey, 
George Smith, 
Eobert Alvey. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



277 



COMPANY No. 2, AS IT STOOD MARCH 1, 1778. 



David Arrell, Captain. 



Thomas Clack, 



William Wright, 
James Grimes, 



John Bates, 



I 
Sergeants. 

I 
Corporals. 



Arthur Lind, Ensign. 
George Gordon. 
Paul Tanner. 



Drum and Fife. 



Privates. 



John Salter, 
Benjamin McFarland, 
William Sollers, 
George Johns, 
James Alverson, 
George Jeffrey, 
John Munroe, 
William Williams, 
John Kelshaw, 
John Athinson, 
Andrew Monroe, 
William Kent, 
Dennis Shea, 
Dennis McGuire, 
Eobert Godfrey, 
Kobert Bowling, 
William Gibbs Wallace, 



Abraham Hammersly. 

John Browers, 
Samuel Mason, 
Daniel Hayley, 
John Lawler, 
Daniel Wright, 
James Dukins, 
Thomas Reed, 
Joseph Bowen, 
Kobert Allen, 
William Russell, 
Thomas Plolland, 
William Bryant, 
James Wilkes, 
Andrew Alexander, 
Michael Drake, 
Arthur Stephenson, 
William Williamson. 



COMPANY No. 3, AS IT STOOD MARCH 1, 1778. 



Valentine Peyton, Captain. 
Tsham Keith, Lieutenant. 
Hick Crosby, Sergeant. 

Thomas Rutherford, 
John Goley, 

McRector, 

Samuel Cox, 
James White, 
Richard Sheerer, 
William Elsmore, 
Alexander Patten, 



Privates. 



William Gimber, Corporal. 
Walter Young, Fifer. 
William Bell, Drummer. 

George Gully, 
Thomas Fox, 
John Coppage, 
James Fleming, 
William Jones*, 
Edward Riley, 
Charles Barker, 
Jacob Pool, 



278 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Jeremiah Stacey, 
John King, 
Nat. Coleman, 
Moses Elmore, 
John Felkins, 
William Dogans, 



Jesse Kose, 
William King, 
Nat. Lacey, 
John Haddocks, 
Christian Burn, 
John Hastings. 



COMPANY No. 4, AS IT STOOD APRIL 1, 1778. 



John Blackwell, Captain. 
Joseph Blackwell, Lieutenant. 
William Moore, Ensign. 



Robert McMicken, 
Thomas McClain, 
James Tufnell, 
John Thomas, 
William Moffett, 
William Bradford, 
Stephen Tomlin, 
Samuel Madden, 
Daniel Dennington, 
William Davis, 
William Bailey, 
Conner McGuire, 
William Turvey, 
John Wilkinson, 
Morris Blenningham, 



Privates. 



William Bawcut, Sergeant. 
Moses Allen, Corporal. 



John Walker, 
Jonathan Crook, 
Benjamin Hamrick, 
John Walton, 
George Russell, 
William Davidson, 
Kobert Doyle, 
John Legg, 
Eobert Wood, 
John Riley, 
James Mitchell, 
Thomas Gliver, 
Henry Garrett, 
George Cowling, 
Peter Dearon. 



COMPANY No. 5, AS IT STOOD APRIL 1, 1778. 



Eobert Powell, Captain. 
James Davis, Lieutenant. 
Beverly Roy, Ensign. 



Privates. 



John Miller, 
Richard Lee, 
Charjes Blunder, 
Richard Jones, the taller, 
Richard Jones, the less, 
Thomas Brown, 
Joseph Team, 



Thomas Keane, Sergeant. 
James Armstrong, Corporal. 



William Feris, 
Archibald Mitchell, 
John Salter, 
Lystra Vaughn, 
William Breedlove, 
Reuben Arthur, 
Thomas Rice. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



279 



COMPANY No. 6, AS IT STOOD APRIL 1, 1778. 



Eeuben Briscoe, Captain. 
Thomas Hungerford, Lieiit. 



John Hines, 
William Collins, 
Daniel Preston, 
Phil. Conner, 



Privates. 



Thornton Taylor, Ensign. 
John Elsmore, Sergeant. 

Michael Linton, 
Aug. McDonald, 
John Thompson. 



Men discharged from this Company. 



Peter Benham, Sergeant. 
Charles Lander, do. 



Even Thomas, 
Andrew Eace, 
Charles Tyler, 
George May, 
James Murray, 



Privates. 



John Sidebottom, Corporal. 
John Moreland, do. 



William Bruton, 
William Adams, 
Sebastian Lush, 
James McKinnie. 



COMPANY No. 7, AS IT STOOD APRIL 1, 1778. 



ohn Peyton, Captain, 
ohn Tebbs, Lieutenant. 

James Coates, 
Luke Brady, 
John Wood, 
William Lent, 
William Baily, 
William Connerd, 



Privates. 



Henry Micon, Ensign. 
John Copin, Sergeant. 

John Mathews, 
John Towers, 
Lewis Murphy, 
Zealy Colbert, 
Jonathan Williams, 
Henry Garvey. 



Discharged Men. 
William Matthews, Sergeant. | John Cullins, Sergeant. 

COMPANY No. 8, AS IT STOOD FEB. 14, 1778. 

hilip Richard F. Lee, Captain. I Samuel Love, Sergeant, 

lenjamin Tinnel, Lieutenant. 



Privates. 



Henry Webb, 
William Thurman, 
Patrick Dorothy, 
John Young, 



John Athey, Corporal. 

John Russell, 
Peter Larru, 
Obadiah Philbert, 
John Norman, 



280 OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 

William Groves, I John Alva, 

Francis Kendall, John Tillis, 

George Florence, Abraham Line. 



NAMES AND RANK OF THE FIELD, STAFF, AND OTHER COMMISSIONED 
OFFICERS OF COL. JOHN GIBSON S DETACHMENT, WHO SERVED IN 
THE WESTERN DEPARTMENT, FROM JANUARY 1, 1*780, TO DECEM 
BER 6, 1781, THE TIME HE SURRENDERED THE COMMAND OF THAT 

DEPARTMENT TO BRIG. GEN. WlLLIAM IRVINE, WITH A LlST OF 
THE RESIGNED, DISCHARGED, AND DEAD FOR THE WHOLE TIME. 

John Gibson, Colonel. 

Kichard Taylor, Major. 

Jacob Colrnan, Ensign and Adjutant, and Lieutenant and Adjutant, from Dec. 

1, 1780. 
Josiah Tannehill, Ensign, Paymaster, and Clothier ; and Lieutenant, Paymaster, 

and Clothier, from January 1, 1781. 
Henry Dawson, Ensign and Quartermaster, and Lieutenant and Quartermaster, 

from February 22, 1780. 
David Holmes, Surgeon. 
John Knight, Surgeon s Mate. 
Thomas Woods, Sergeant-major. 
James Lane, Quartermaster s Sergeant. 
John Smith, Drum-major. 
William Coxon, Fife-major. 

Lewis Thomas, Lieutenant. On detached service. 
Lawrence Harrison, do. do. 

William Conner, Ensign. do. 

John Beck, Ensign. On detached service. Promoted to Lieutenant Mar. 1, 1780. 
Uriah Springer, Captain. 
Benjamin Biggs, do. 

Robert Beall, Captain. Kesigned December 31, 1780. 
Robert Vance, do. do. do. 

George Berry, do. do. do. 

Ephraim Eelph, Lieutenant, do. February 15, 1780. 

John Dent, do. do. November 20, 1780. 

Thomas Holliday, Sergeant. Discharged March 7, 1780. 



William Dowell, do. 


do. 


March 1, 1780. 


Henry Bowen, do. 


do. 


January 1, 1780. 


Thomas Everett, do. 


do. 


November 1, 1780. 


John Hays, do. 


do. 


April 10, 1780. 


Benjamin Goodwin, do. 


do. 


March 18, 1780. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



281 



John Chambers, Sergeant. Discharged March 1, 1780. 
Joseph Lemasters, do. do. do. 


William Jenkins, do. do. do. 


Caleb Hale, 


do. do. do. 




Thomas Chambers, do. do. October 14, 


1780. 




Privates. 






Discharged 


Discharged 


Jarnes McKinney, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


John Cleveland, 


June 2, 1780. 


Benjamin Dane, 


do. 


Thomas Kobinson, 


Oct. 28, 1780. 


William Gillaspy, 


do. 


John Woods, 


do. 


Edward Stoker, 


do. 


John Dixon, 


do. 


John Shaver, 


Mar. 13, 1780. 


John Alexander, 


do. 


John Haley, 


Mar. 15,1780. 


Edward Crutchlow, 


Oct. 31, 1780. 


James Salter, 


do. 


George Lefler, 


Nov. 1, 1780. 


George Emmett, 


do. 


William Orr, 


Nov. 2, 1780. 


James Kankins, 


do. 


Arnold Evans, 


Nov. 1, 1780. 


Jacob Poisal, 


Mar. 27, 1780. 


John Allford, 


Dec. 8, 1780. 


William Koberts, 


Mar. 28, 1780. 


Patrick McGuire, 


Jan. 2, 1781. 


Jesse Clark, 


Mar. 7, 1780. 


James Manly, 


Nov. 2, 1780. 


Philip Finn, 


April 18, 1780. 


James Murphy, 


do. 


William Brown, 


do. 


Richard Carty, 


Jan. 1, 1781. 


Bartholomew Nedley 


, April 19, 1780. 


William Oakman, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Cornelius Downey, 


April 27, 1780. 


John Campbell, 


Nov. 10, 1780. 


John McCutchen, 


do. 


Elijah Veatch, 


Jan. 15, 1780. 


Daniel Leany, 


Sept. 10, 1780. 


Hezekiah Linsey, 


do. 


Daniel Ryanhart, 


Oct. 28, 1780. 


Edward Wood, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


James McMullan, 


Nov. 13, 1780. 


John Brisby, 


do. 


Christopher Baker, 


Jan. 8, 1781. 


James Kelly, 


do. 


Thomas Bendure, 


do. 


John Smith, 


do. 


John Lisk, 


do. 


Jacob Weatherholt, 


do. 


James Shaw, 


do. 


William Wood, 


do. 


oseph Blackburn, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


William Hunter, 


do. 


James Watson, 


Mar. 9, 1780. 


Henry Thomas, 


do. 


Benjamin Archer, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Freeman Battershel 


do. 


Thomas Kicketts, 


Mar. 8, 1780. 


Hezekiah Clark, 


do. 


Abraham Booker, 


do. 


John Custard, 


Mar. 8, 1780. 


Nicholas Dickert, 


Mar. 10, 1780. 


John Aldridge, 


Mar. 13, 1780. 


William McElroy, 


April 27, 17SO. 


Joseph Hiveler, 


Mar. 18, 1780. 


Peter Parchment, 


Dec. 22, 1780. 


Anthony Coon, 


Mar. 20, 1780. 


Simon Bailey, 


Jan. 1, 1780. 


John Lefevers, 


Jan. 15, 1780. 


William Bagly, 


do. 


Thomas Eavenscroft, Jan. 28, 1780. 


Joseph Thomas, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


James Tittle, 


May 13, 1780. 


Elijah Thomas, 


do. 


Bladen Ashby, 


do. 


William Owens, 


Mar. 8, 1780. 


Thomas Brownlee, 


June 2, 1780. 


James Hicks, 


Mar. 1, 1790. 


James Gray, 


Sept. 20, 1780. 



282 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Discharged, 




Discharged 


Samuel Galloway, 


Oct. 15, 1780. 


John Merick, 


July , 1780. 


John Mains, 


do. 




Killed 


William Owens, 


do. 


Francis Johnston, 


Mar. , 1781. 


Samuel Hutchison, 


Oct. 12, 1781. 


Thomas Eady, 


do. 


John Knapp, 


Oct. 14,1781. 


John Michell, 


July 18, 1781. 


James M. Christy, 


do. 


John Evans, 


Nov. 12, 1781. 


Robert Penery, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 




Discharged 


Thomas Whitaker, 


Mar. 2, 1780. 


John Cowen, 


Mar. 28, 1780. 


Peter Springer, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Andrew Dunn, 


July 6, 1780. 


John Hamilton, 


do. 


William Collis, 


do. 


John Wheeler, 


do. 


Edward Evans, 


Sept. 10, 1780. 


Thomas Kelly, 


do. 


John Mishwonger, 


April 29, 1780. 


Jeremiah Archer, 


do. 


Thomas Mosely, 


July 16, 1780. 


John Stackhouse, 


Mar. 2, 1780. 


John Drummond, 


do. 


Peter Cartwright, 


Mar. 10, 1780. 


Charles Harvey, 


Sept. 19, 1780. 


Isaac Ross, 


Mar. 18, 1780. 


John Watson, 


do. 


John Brown, 


do. 


Harman Eakle, 


Feb. 17,1780. 


John Brown, 


Mar. 15,1780. 


John Allington, 


Mar. 4, 1780. 


Jacob Walter, 


April 8,1780. 


Ralph Morrow, 


do. 


Peter Walter, 


do. 


John Wallace, 


Mar. 29, 1780. 


William White, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Joshua Still, 


Jan. 5, 1780. 


Jeremiah Simpson, 


June 2, 1780. 


Philip Buzan, 


Jan. 10, 1780. 


Charles Bodkin, 


Sept. 10, 1780. 


Patrick Kelly, 


Mar. 29, 1780. 


Simon Coghran, 


Sept. 28, 1780. 


David Smith, 


Oct. 1, 1780. 


John Smith, 


Mar. 16, 1781. 


Daniel Murray, 


May 16, 1780. 


William English, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Thomas Winn, 


May 1, 1780. 


Cornelius Johnson, 


do. 


John Kinard, 


April 1, 1780. 


Levid Bridgewater, 


Mar. 2, 1780. 


John Cheany, 


May 11, 1780. 


Thomas Philips, 


Mar. 10, 1780. 


George Fitzgerald, 


May 24, 1780. 


George Harling, 


Mar. 18, 1780. 


Henry Irons, 


May 28, 1780. 


James Gunner, 


Mar. 13, 1780. 


John Gilbert, 


June 15, 1780. 


Samuel Streets, 


do. 


Patrick Rogers, 


do. 


Henry Scott, 


Mar. 18,1780. 


John Sullivan, 


July 16, 1780. 


John Colbert, 


do. 


Thomas Duggan, 


July 20, 1780. 


Thomas Walker, 


do. 


Joseph White, 


July 1, 1780. 


James Colvin, 


Mar. 16, 1780. 


James Gray, 


Aug. 16, 1780. 


Michael Poock, 


Sept. 30, 1780. 


William Canard, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


John Pratt, 


Nov. 10,1780. 


Joseph Fuller, 


Aug. 1, 1780. 


Thomas James, 


do. 


Brice Ragon, 


Mar. 14, 1781. 


Robert Beckett, 


do. 


Robert Broad, 


do. 


Richard Bilby, 


Nov. 24,1780. 


Peter Parker, 


do. 


Richard Churchfield, 


do. 


John Smith, 


Feb. 1, 1781, 


John Cowen, 


do. 


John Clark, 


May 1, 1781 


Adam Dust, 


Jan. 1, 1780. 


James Dawson, 


do. 


William Walker, 


Mar. , 1780. 


William Douglass, 


July 20,1781. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



283 



Discharged 

Jeremiah York, July 20, 1781. 

Andrew Anderson, Aug. 15, 1781. 
George Sutch, Aug. 1, 1781. 

Felix McKinney, June 4, 1780. 



John Pearson, 
Ludwick Hart, 
Charles Crawford, 
John Needham, 



Discharged 
Mar. 1, 1780. 
Aug. 1, 1780. 
Mar. 30, 1781. 
July 15, 1781. 



CAPT. URIAH SPRINGER S COMPANY. 



John Harrison, Lieutenant. 
Joseph Winlock, Ensign. 
John Gibson, do. 

John Williams, Sergeant. 
Thomas Tannehill, do. 
Thomas Moore, do. 
William Evans, Corporal. 

James Cumberford, 
John Burnett, 
Garret Cavener, 
William Barr, 
John Britton, 
Thomas Hailey, 
Alexander Mclntosh, 
William Harbert, 
Richard Roach, 
Hyatt Lazier, 
Roderick McDaniel, 
Richard Carter, 
William Smith, 
James Reynolds, 
William Craig, 
Benjamin Broomes, 
Philip Henthorn, 
Edward Paul, 
Samuel Smith, 
James Seavell, 
Nicholas Carter, 
Robert Hughes, 
Henry Squires, 

Those w 
Nicholas Hagerty, 
James Whealy, 
Robert Crawford, 
John Lockhart, 
Lachlin McLane, 



Privates. 



James Adams, Corporal. 

John Hagerty, Corporal, from Jan. 

1, 1781. 

Isaac Horsfield, Corporal. 
John Smith, Drummer. 
Thomas Whealy, do. 
John Hinds, Fifer. 

John Ross, 
Pat. Baity, 
William Hansford, 
Edward McDonald, 
James Smith, 
Jacob Conrad, 
Henry Vann, 
Samuel Osburn, 
Thomas Craigg, 
James Duffy, 
John Gossett, 
Charles Evans, 
Michael Kairns, 
William Bailey, 
Richard Sparrow, 
David Dunnagan, 
Christopher Carpenter, 
John Finney, 
Robert McCarney, 
Matthew Hurley, 
Francis Smith, 
Michael Smith, 
Joseph Row. 



this Company Jan. 1, 1781. 

Patrick Finnagin, 
Eneas McCoy, 
Christopher Carpenter 
William Hansford, 
Michael Hainy, 



284 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Hickock, 
Isaac Stott, 
John Young, 
George Phelps, 



Bryan Gowran, 
Charles Brooks, 
Robert Hughes, 
Francis Mains. 



CAPTAIN BENJAMIN BIGGS COMPANY. 



Jacob Springer, Lieutenant. 
John Mills, Ensign. 
Alexander Fraser, Sergeant. 
John Hull, do. 

Moses Ward, do. 

Samuel Cruswell, Corporal. 

Jonathan Welsh, 
Samuel McCord, 
William Overline, 
John Rooke, 
Robert Bacon, 
Thomas Jackson, 
John Guttery, 
Samuel Lemon, 
James Amberson, 
James Carr, 
John Robeson, 
Thomas Buite, 
Stephen Winters, 
John Shea, 
Pat. Thornton, 
James Stackpole, 
Michael Murphy, 
John Riley, 
Alex. McAdams, 
John Rock, 
Peter McCartny, 
James Low, 
John English, 
William Cloyd, 
Henry Skinner, 
Charles Robinson, 
Joseph Fowler, 
John Conner, 
William Brumagem, 
John Morrison, 
William Connolly, 
William Martin, 



Privates. 



John Barnett, Sergeant. 

(Joined Feb. 1, 1781.) 
William Johannes, Corporal. 
Edward Sheppard, do. 

(Joined Jan. 1, 1781.) 
Thomas Mcllwain, Fifer. 



David Clark, 
John Phillips, 
Samuel Reaves, 
Clement Gillihan, 
Joseph Woods, 
John Godfrey, 
James Hoorish, 
Jacob Adams, 
John Cardonas, 
William Love, 
Isaac Devore, 
John Ritchie, 
Jacob Buher, 
Jacob Rhodes, 
Charles Morgan, 
John Bean, 
Thomas Jones. 
John Dougherty, 
John Vilet, 
John Richeson, 
William Woods, 
Joseph Denison, 
Isaac Halfpenny, 
Dennis Selavan, 
John Berry, 
James Johnson, 
James Parlor, 
Reuben Abbett, 
James Beham, 
Edward Walker, 
William Brazer, 
John Woodman. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



285 



NAMES OF THE CAPTAINS AND PRIVATES OF COLONEL NATHANIEL 
GIST S VIRGINIA REGIMENT, IN 1777. 

FIRST COMPANY. 
John Gist, Captain. 



Privates. 



David Luckett, 
Sherwood Vaughn, 
James McEagan, 
Edward Joyce, 
Dennis Curly, 
William Harris, 
William Welch, 
Michael Madden, 
John Connelly, 
Archibald Bartlett, 
William Knowles, 
William Kyan, 
Matthew McHugh, 



John Lewin, 
Thomas Watson, 
John Tubbs, 
Joseph Lovett, 
Joseph Neal, 
Walter Hartlett, 
Thomas Griffin, 
Peter Carbury, 
Elisha Darrington, 
James Johnson, 
Joseph Wilson, 
Daniel Spratt, 
Samuel Bent. 



SECOND COMPANY. 



Samuel Lapsley, Captain. 



Privates. 



Isaac Anglin, 
Abrarn Cutlip, 
Edward Thomas, 
Thomas Smith, 
John Martin, 
John Carpenter, 
Thomas Kinsey, 
John Arnold, 
James Smith, 
John Hanna, 
Elias Eoberts, 
Thomas Ermin, 
John McElhenny, 
Julius Blackburn, 
Hugh Hughs, 



Charles Wymer, 
James Gibson, 
James Simpkina, 
Thomas Price, 
James Squires, 
John Turbutt, 
Solomon Brundage, 
William Simpkins, 
Garret Simpkins, 
John Lee, 
James Harris, 
John Freeland, 
Eobert Martin, 
Robert Ogles vy, 
Humphrey Montgomery. 



THIRD COMPANY. 
Strother Jones, Captain. 



286 



OFFICERS AND PEIVATES 



Privates. 



John Nelson, 
Thomas Harrison, 
Josias Stone, 
Jacob Johnson, 
George Speak, 
Henry West, 
Wilson Gray, 
Edward Clements, 
Aaron Simmons, 



William Speake, 
William Basey, 
Joshua Poor, 
John Howard, 
Matthew Coffer, 
Hezekiah Speake, 
Owen Scolfield, 
Nehemiah Crawford, 
Alexander Wallace. 



FOURTH COMPANY. 
Joseph Smith, Captain. 

Privates. 



Alexander Monroe, 
Patrick Coleman, 
Edward Harvey, 
John Hillier, 
William Mitchell, 
James Taylor, 
Charles Hagan, 
John Parrott, 
Daniel Chumly, 
Jeffrey Basdell, 
Thomas Johnson, 
James Solomon, 
William Jaco, 
Francis Rogers, 
Dennis Shay, 



William J. Conner, 
Peter Pole, 
George Moore, 
Thomas Taylor, 
Jonathan Tinsley, 
Michael Yewless, 
Michael Dolin, 
Emanuel Ebbs, 
Nightingale Kichardson, 
John O. Brian, 
Thomas Henry, 
Kobert McAdams, 
John Wooster, 
Hugh Barthorn, 
Josiah Daniel. 



FIFTH COMPANY. 

Thomas Bell, Captain. 



Patrick Shannon, 
Thomas Chapman, 
James Tate, 
Sampson Archer, 
David Chambers, 
John Stephens, 
John Mitchell, 
William Kingore, 
William McGowan, 
John Brown, 



Privates. 



James Shields, 
James Wilson, 
Bartholomew Eagan, 
Eousy Merritt, 
John Locke, 
John Forehand, 
Thomas Foster, 
Dennis McKinney, 
Gordon Kelly, 
George Weefield, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



287 



Joseph Hood, 
Michael McMasters, 
James Lockhart, 
Ludwick Miller, 
James O Brian, 



Abell Armstrong, 
Thomas Conway, 
Joseph Kenny, 
Martin Sutton. 



SIXTH COMPANY. 



Alexander Breckenridge, Captain. 



Privates. 



Alexander Kattray, 
Hezekiah Brady, 
Peter Parish, 
Joseph Smith, 
Ambrose Jones, 
Smith Thompson, 
John Williams, 
Hugh McLaughlin, 
Richard Spindler, 
Thomas Gillaspy, 
Benjamin Dawson, 
Thomas Snead, 
Samuel Savage, 



Thomas Curtis, 
Daniel White, 
Thomas Miller, 
Christopher O Brian, 
George Tomlinson, 
Richard Pearle, 
Hazel McWilliams, 
John Sweepstone, 
George Lambert, 
Thomas Smith, 
Thomas Rhodes, 
John Cain, 
James Squires. 



SEVENTH COMPANY. 



Francis Muir, Captain, and Paymaster of the Regiment. 



Privates. 



John Linton, 
Edward Rineker, 
John Spitfathom, 
Durret Covey, 
Charles Melton, 
Thomas Hopewell, 
John Sale, 
John Wynn, 
Daniel Ferguson, 
Waitman Reynolds, 
Isaac Artiss, 
Luke O Neal, 
Caleb Baldwin, 
Henry Orem, 
Daniel Guilder, 



John McDaniel, 
William Crosby, 
William Haley, 
John Gruttage, 
Jesse Rineker, 
Francis Ravenscroft, 
Peter Kittare, 
William Nuss, 
Thomas Flood, 
James Thompson, 
Luke Metheny, 
Thomas Meruny, 
Samuel Patterson, 
Timothy Kelly, 
John Kirk. 



288 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



THE EIGHTH, OR THE MAJOR S COMPANY. 



Privates. 



James McGee, 
Jacob Rump, 
John Crook, 
Thomas Stevens, 
Joseph Williams, 
Eobert Keynolds, 
Christian Hobinstock, 
Joshua Cliffon, 
Levi Powell, 
Israel Peterson, 
James Oliver, 
Frederick Myers, 
Benjamin Dawson, 



Henry Ringlespauser, 
Samuel Jones, 
Benjamin Etholl, 
Thomas Verdin, 
John Knight, 
Richard Hill, 
Perrigrine Brady, 
Joseph Brady, 
James Rains, 
Henry Rains, 
William Foster, 
Jesse Davis, 
Morris Minnaham. 



OFFICERS OF LIEUT. COL. LEE S LEGION OF CAVALRY. 



Henry Lee, Lieut. Colonel (Light- 
horse Harry). 

Henry Peyton, Major. Died in ser 
vice. 

Joseph Eggleston, Major. 

Alexander Skinner, Surgeon and 
Lieutenant. 

Wm. Winston, Adjutant and Lieu 
tenant. 

Patrick Carnes, Captain. 

Ferdinand O Neal, do. 

James Armstrong, do. 

Matthew Irwin, Surgeon. 

Michael Rudolph, Captain. 



George Handy, Captain. 

Lawrence Manning, Lieutenant. 

Peter Johnson, do. 

George Carrington. 

George Guthrie. 

William Lewis, Lieutenant. Died in 

service. 

Robert Power, Cornet. 

John Jordan, do. 

William Middleton, do. 
Albion Throckmorton, do. 
William B. Harrison, do. 
Clement Carrington, Ensign. 
John Champe, Sergeant-major. 



A LIST OF VIRGINIA OFFICERS, WITH THE DATES OF THEIR COMMIS 
SIONS, IN 1776. 



James Johnson, 
Oliver Towles, 



Captains. 

Commissioned 
Feb. 16, 1776. 
do. 



Commissioned 

Thomas Patterson, Feb. 24, 1776. 
William Gregory, Feb. 26, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



289 



Samuel Hopkins, 
Samuel Cabell, 
Thomas Kuffin, 



Commissioned 
Feb. 26, 1776. 
Mar. 4, 1776. 
Mar. 11, 1776. 



Thomas Massie, 
Thomas Hutch ins, 
John Jones, 



Commistioned 
Mar. 11, 1776. 
Mar. 21, 1776. 
April 9,1776. 



Lieutenants. 



Nicholas Hobson, 


Feb. 16, 1776. 


Peter Garland, Feb. 16, 1776. 


Nathaniel Fox, 


do. 


Charles Tutt, do. 


Joseph Curd, 


Feb. 24, 1776. 


James Burnett, Feb. 24, 1776. 


Peter Dunn, 


Feb. 16, 1776. 


John Gregory, Feb. 26, 1776. 


Abiah Clay, 


Feb. 26, 1776. 


Hutchins Burton, do. 


Alexander Rose, 


Mar. 4, 1776. 


Benjamin Talliaferro, Mar. 4, 1776. 


Billy H. Avery, 


Mar. 11, 1776. 


William Murray, Mar. 11, 1776. 


John Hockaday, 


do. 


Kichard Appuson, do. 


Henry Williams, 


Mar. 21, 1776. 


James Conway, Mar. 21, 1776. 


Peter Jones, 


April 9, 1776. 


William Stark, April 9, 1776. 



Ensigns. 



John Stokes, 
Joseph Holliday, 
John Barksdale, 
John Bell, 
William Dawson, 



Feb. 16, 1776. 

do. 

Feb. 20,1776. 
Feb. 26, 1776. 



do. 



James Barnett, 
Collin Cock, 
William Armstead, 
Harden Perkins, 



Mar. 4, 1776. 
Mar. 11, 1776. 

do. 
Mar. 21, 1776. 



Dinwiddie Goodwin, April 9, 1776. 



Cadets. 



Beverly Stubblefield 


, Capt. Towles Co. 


Approved 


Feb. 10, 1776. 


Larkin Smith, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


John Chew, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 14, 1776. 


Benjamin Patterson, 


Capt. Patterson s Co. 


do. 


Feb. 27, 1776. 


John Baynham, 


Capt. Towles Co. 


do. 


Feb. 28, 1776. 


William Parsons, 


Capt. Fox s Co. 


do. 


Mar. 25, 1776. 


William Hill, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Edward Irwin, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


John Jordan, 


Capt. Cabell s Co. 


do. 


Mar. 26, 1776. 


John Clay, 


Capt. Hopkins Co. 


do. 


Mar. 30, 1777. 


James Dillard, 


Capt. Cabell s Co. 


do. 


do. 


Philip Holliday, 


Capt. Massie s Co. 


do. 


July 17, 1776. 


Samuel Buckner, 


do. 


do. 


Aug. 25, 1776. 


Larkin Stanard, 


do. 


do. 


Sept. 1, 1776. 




13 







290 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



f AMES AND RANK OF THE OFFICERS, AND A LIST OF THE PRIVATES, 
OF LIEUT COL. FRANCIS MARION S SOUTH CAROLINA REGIMENT, 
AS IT STOOD NOVEMBER 1, 1779. 



FIRST COMPANY. 



Adrian Proveaux, Captain. 
Josiah Kolb, Lieutenant. 
Kobert Matthews, Sergeant. 

(Killed.) 
John Burtell, Sergeant. 

George Hughs, 
Alexander Stewart, 
James McDaniel, 
John Hawkins, 
Isaac Chinners, 
William Norman, 
Archy M. Daniel, 
Frederick Hughs, 
John Ratford, 
John Harper,. 
William Johnston, 
David Vaughn, 
Walkinsheer Thompson, 
Samuel Cortney, 



Privates. 



Noble Barnett, Sergeant, 
John Mills, Corporal. 
Solomon Long, do. 
Enoch Boolk, Drummer. 
Jacob George, Fifer, 

KoIIy Kawlins, 
Edward George, 
John Thompson, 
Philip Thomas, 
John White, 
John Perry, 
Lewis Patrick, 
Jacob Benhoist, 
John Caddy r 
Autos Tubbs, 
James Gaskey, 
William Phillips, 
Samuel Blackford. 



SECOND COMPANY. 



Richard Baker, Captain. 
Alexander Hume, Lieutenant. 

(Killed Oct. 9, 1779.) 
John Roberts, Sergeant. 
Alexander McDonald, do. 

Solomon StapIetoB, 
Benjamin Webster, 
Dickerson Green, 
John Fen wick, 
John RiehardsoB,. 
Henry Taylor, 
Kobert Clyatt, 
Andrew Adams, 
Samuel Horn, 
Thomas Hagarthy, 
William Council, 



Privates. 



Joseph Wilkins, Corporal. 
Daniel Andrews, da. 
Levi Brawn, do. 

Silas Gibson, Fifer. 



James Castelloy 
Moses Mace, 
Nathaniel Swobb, 
Timothy Downing, 
George Taylor, 
James Russell , 
Jonathan Collins, 
Adam Meek, 
William Waites, 
Joshua Morgan,, 
Lewis Domas. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



291 



THIRD COMPANY. 



Charles Motte, Captain. Killed Oct. 

9, 1779. 
Albert Eoux, Lieutenant. Captain 

from Oct. 9, 1779. 
Alexander Petrie, Lieutenant. 
Christopher Rogers, do. 
William Murphy, Sergeant. 



Benjamin Huggins, 
James Fitzimmons, 
Thomas Burbridge, 
Matthew Anderson, 
John Burbridge, 
Jonathan Burbridge, 
James Stanton, 
Oswald Hackle, 
Nathaniel Eogers, 
Humphrey Haines, 
Robert Penhorn, 
William Easton, 
Malcolm McFarlan, 



George Brewton, Sergeant. 

William Jones, Corporal. 

William Oliver, Corporal. Killed Oct. 

9, 1779. 

William Lyon, Corporal. 
William Burbridge, Drummer. 
Peter Area, Fifer. 



Privates. 



John Taylor, 
Cornelius Conatantine, 
Ralph Ingram, 
Joseph Cooper, 
Samuel Kinney, 
Lewis Powell, 
George McCormack, 
Francis Farrell, 
William Willis, 
Thomas Mills, 
Hugh Newman, 
John Godbolt, 
Vincent Maroni. 



FOURTH COMPANY. 



Peter Gray, Captain. 
John Wickom, Lieutenant. 
James Gray, do. 

(Killed Oct. 9, 1779.) 
John McDowell, Sergeant. 
James Feast, do. 

Richard Clark, 
John Campbell, 
Ambrose Bray, 
Alexander Ferguson, 
Joseph Pain, 
Isaac Withersford, 
Bartholomew Sline, 
Henry Martin, 
Joshua Hall, 
William Winford, 
John Riley, 
Abraham Berlean, 



Privates. 



Joseph Turner, Sergeant. 
Abraham Bearslick, Corporal. 
Thomas Galloway, do. 
Samuel Brown, do. 

Lewis McClendall, Drummer. 
Frederick Lamb, Fifer. 

Hendrick Kiler, 
Jesse Simmons, 
Charles Hutton, 
William Martin, 
Charles Skipper, 
Reuben Wales, 
Charles Bentley, 
John Hyrne, 
William Hughes, 
John Bewly, 
Edward Bambrick, 
William Simpson, 



292 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Leaton, 
Moses Childs, 
John Peter Allen, 



Benjamin Stone, 
Thomas Jones, 
Robert Launce. 



FIFTH COMPANY. 



Thomas Hall, Captain. 
John Hart, Lieutenant. 
.Promoted Aug. 6, 1779.) 
James Legare, 2d Lieutenant. 
William Henderson, Sergeant. 
Reuben Minor, do. 



Privates. 



James Reed, 
John Croford, 
Thomas Crozer (killed), 
John Caton, 
Thomas Welch, 
Daniel McFarling, 
Francis Simson, 
Rapes Going, 
Enoch Andrews, 
William Hasemon, 
Benjamin Owens, 
Dempher Oldfield, 
Solomon Mitchell, 
Hugh Holland, 
John Proby, 



William Harvey, Sergeant* 
Robert Raine, Corporal. 
George Valley, do. 
John Dubose, do. 
Philip Fry, Drummer. 
Conrad Fitner, Fifer. 



Edward Fry, 
Samuel Moet, 
Nehemiah Watt, 
Thomas Faulder, 
Needham Gunter, 
John Clements, 
Henry Dishes, 
Thomas Goodsou, 
Thomas Davis, 
Samuel Henderson, 
Thomas Bowan, 
James Fitzpatrick, 
Benjamin Sergenor, 
William Linsey, 
John Marlow. 



SIXTH COMPANY. 



Thomas Moultrie, Captain. 
Peter Foissin, Lieutenant. 
Stephen Roberts, Sergeant. 
Douglass O Neal, do. 
Daniel Green, do. 

William Cade, 
Frederick Gowin, 
James Grubbs, 
Edward Gainey, 
Archibald Lamb, 
William McAllister, 
James Grover, 
William Russell, 



Privates. 



William Rogers, Corporal. 
David Manly, do. 

Samuel Murray, do. 
Robert Logan, Drummer. 
Archibald Robertson, Fifer, 



Abraham Baggett, 
Francis Bridges, 
Edward Wainwright, 
James Hain, 
Richard Lackey, 
Henry McCall, 
John Friday, 
Robert Cox, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



293 



John Bently, 
Moses Groom, 
Elisha Tomplat, 
James Houston, 
Peter Deviney, 



James McGowin, 
Edward Murphy, 
Nicholas Barger, 
John Steel, 
(Killed Oct. 9, 1779.) 



SEVENTH COMPANY. 



Thomas Dunbar, Captain. 

William Capers, 1st Lieutenant. 

Cornelius Van Vleiland, 2d Lieuten 
ant. Killed Oct. 9, 1779. 

Alexander McDonald, Sergeant-ma 
jor. 

William Jasper, Qr. Master s Sergt. 
Killed while attempting to plant 
the American colors on the para 
pets of Spring Hill redoubt, at the 



storming of Savannah, October 9, 

1779. 

Henry Webb, Sergeant. 
John McDonald, do. 
Keuben Dewitt, do. 
Harris Dewitt, Corporal. 
William Manning, do. 
James Sparrow, do. 
James Newton, Corporal and Fifer. 
Jesse Martin, Drummer. 



Barnaby Brian, 
Joseph Davis, 
John Dius, 
Aaron Harris, 
William Henson, 
John Hampton, 
John Holmes, 
William Mimms, 
James Moody, 
Richard Kichardson, 
Robert Whiley, 
James Oliver, 
James Leaton, 
Robert Gamble, 
James Ford, 
John Butler, 
Frederick Simmons, 
Daniel Jordan, 
Nicholas Flinn, 
John Chavis, 
John Martinsharp, 
William Chancelly, 
Hezekiah Heath, 
James Clark, 



Privates. 



Kindred Hollisman, 
James Jones, 
Barrel Jones, 
William Wilkinson, 
John Francis, 
George Carrick, 
Thomas Oliver, 
William Cook, 
Thomas Nute, 
David Whily, 
Christopher Gamond, 
John McBride, 
James Scurry, 
David Stuart, 
John Smith, 
Shedrack McClindens, 
John Sparrow, 
William Cade, 
John M. Cade, 
John Whitely, 
Thomas Stafford, 
Joseph Hughes, 
Thomas Windsor, 
William Clark. 



294: 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



EIGHTH COMPANY. 



Richard Mason, Captain. 
Paul Warley, Lieutenant. 
John Taylor, Sergeant. 
John Davis, do. 

John Conner, 
William Brown, 
Samuel Butler, 
Joseph Beeves, 
Benjamin Reeves, 
Matthew Skipper, 
Isaac Herring, 
Thomas Rawlins, 
William T. Jones, 
Matthew Kenedy, 
Jeremiah Peters, 
Hugh Berberry, 
John Thompson, 
Anthony Hinds, 



Privates. 



James Clatworthy, Sergeant. 
Thomas Kidwell, Corporal. 
William Crapps, Drummer. 
Moses Newton, Fifer. 

Adam Smith, 
Peter Rosman, 
Michael Peters, 
William Ryan, 
Charles Burnham, 
Stephen Irons, 
William Enochs, 
Philip Newton, 
Thomas Raybold, 
William Chaney, 
William Dulton, 
Henry Savage, 
Timothy Green. 



NINTH COMPANY. 



Daniel Mazyck, Captain. 
John Martin, 1st Lieutenant. 
George Ogiere, 2d do. 
William Wood, Sergeant. 
Benjamin Stone, do. 
Jacob Kalkoffer, do. 

Hugh Davis, 
Rowland Walker, 
John Carter, 
Benjamin Breeler, 
Thomas Poston, 
John Smith, 
Arthur Colson, 
Drury Smith, 
John Keith, 
William McCullock, 
John Breeler, 
James Beard, 
William Hyde, 
Joseph Mallery, 
William Clay, 



Privates. 



William McCullough, Corporal. 

Marrnaduke Ethridge, do. 

Samuel McMillian, do. 

David Parrish, Fifer. 

Benj. Booth, do. 

John Robinson, Drummer. 



William Pawling, 
John Dubose, 
Thomas Cowen, 
Robert Marker, 
Blake Calcott, 
William Gunter, 
John Skipper, 
Edward Brown, 
Hector McLane, 
Jacob Heigle, 
Abram Debraudy, 
Christopher Gallingto) 
John Teague, 
Charles Caves, 
Frederick Rowland. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 295 

NOTE. This South Carolina Regiment was at the storming of the enemy s 
works at Savannah, by the American troops under General Lincoln, and the 
French under Count D Estaing, on the 9th October, 1779. Captain Motte, of 
the Third Company, and Lieutenant Gray, of the fourth, were killed ; also Ser 
geant Matthews, Sergeant Oliver, and Lieutenant Hume, and others. 

Count D Estaing was wounded, and the noble Pulaski was killed. Here, also, 
Sergeant William Jasper, of Captain Dunbar s Company, so renowned for his 
feats of daring bravery, while planting the American colors on the parapets of 
Spring Hill redoubt, was pierced with a ball, and fell into the ditch. Before he 
died he said to Major Horry, " Tell Mrs. Elliott I lost my life in supporting the 
colors eibe presented to our regiment." 



BRITISH PRISONS AND AMERICAN PRISONERS. 



CAPTURE OF AMERICANS BY THE BRITISH BRITISH PRISON HOUSES 
AND PRISON SHIPS A LIST OF DISTINGUISHED AMERICAN PRIS 
ONERS OF WAR TIME OF CAPTURE, EXCHANGE, ETC. 

IN the early part of the Revolutionary war, it happened that the 
British were often victorious, and successful in the capture of many 
of the undisciplined Americans. On the 8th, 9th, and 10th of 
June, 1776, General Frazer, of the British forces, overcame the 
Americans under General Thompson, Colonel St. Clair, Colonel Ir 
vine, and others, at the battle of the Three Rivers, during the inva 
sion of Canada. In this unfortunate skirmish, General Thompson, 
Colonel Irvine, of Pennsylvania, and about two hundred others, 
were made prisoners, and the rest pursued through a swamp for 
several days in great confusion. 

At the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, General Sullivan 
was taken prisoner, and at the same battle Lord Stirling surren 
dered himself to the Hessian General De Heister, with about 1100 
men, as prisoners of war. Generals Sullivan and Stirling were con 
fined on board the British ship " Eagle," and the men were confined 
on Long Island, and on board the enemy s vessels in the Sound. 
They were subsequently sent to the loathsome prisons in New York 
city and to the prison-ships at the Wallabout. 

At General Putnam s retreat from New York, on the 15th of 
September, 1776, about three hundred of his men were captured, 
and on the llth of October following, General Waterbury, of the 
Washington Galley, and his crew, were made prisoners by the crew 
of the British ship " Inflexible." 

13* 



298 FORT WASHINGTON SURRENDERED. 

On the 16th of November, 1776, Fort Washington, on the east 
bank of the Hudson, near the city of New York, after a desperate 
resistance on the part of the Americans, was surrendered by Colo 
nel Magaw of the Pennsylvania line. Mr. Lossing, in his Field 
Book, says : 

" On the 15th, Howe was informed of the real condition of 
the garrison and works at Fort Washington, by a deserter from 
Magaw s battalion, and he immediately sent a messenger with a 
summons for the commander to surrender, or peril his garrison 
with the doom of massacre. Magaw, in a brief note, promptly re 
fused compliance, and sent a copy of his answer to Washington at 
Hackensack. Howe, confident of success, ordered a cannonade to 
be opened upon the American outworks from two British redoubts, 
situated on the east side of the Harlem, a little above the High 
Bridge. The cannonade commenced early on the morning of the 
16th, to cover the landing of troops which crossed the Harlem 
there, preparatory to a combined attack at four different points. 
Expecting this, Magaw made a judicious disposition of his little 
force. Colonel Rawlings, with his Maryland riflemen, was posted 
in a redoubt (Fort George) upon a hill north of Fort Washington, 
and a few men were stationed at the outpost, called Cock-hill 
Fort. Militia of the Flying Camp, under Colonel Baxter, were 
placed on the rough wooded hills east of the fort along the Har 
lem River, and others, under Colonel Lambert Cadwallader, of Penn 
sylvania, manned the lines in the direction of New York. Magaw 
commanded in the fort. 

" The plan of attack was well arranged. Knyphausen, with five 
hundred Hessians and Waldeckers, was to move to the attack on 
the north simultaneously with a division of English and Hessian 
troops under Lord Percy, who were to assail the lines on the south. 
At the same time, Brigadier Matthews, supported by Cornwallis, 
was to cross the Harlem River with the guards, light-infantry, and 
two battalions of grenadiers, and land above Fort Washington un 
der cover of the guns on the Westchester Hills, just mentioned, 
while Colonel Stirling, with the 42d regiment, was to cross at a 
point a little above the High Bridge. These arrangements were 



FORT WASHINGTON SURRENDERED. 

carried out. Knyphausen divided his forces. One division under 
Colonel Raid (killed at Trenton seventy days afterwards), drove 
the Americans from Cock-hill Fort, while Knyphausen with the 
remainder penetrated the woods near Tubby Hook, and, after clam 
bering over felled trees and other obstructions, attacked Rawiings 
in Fort Tryon. The fort was gallantly defended for some time, 
and many of the Hessians were slain. Rawiings was finally forced 
to yield, and returned to Fort Washington, under cover of its guns, 
when Kuyphausen planted the Hessian flag upon Fort Tryon. In 
the mean while Percy had crossed near Harlem, swept over the 
plain, drove in the American pickets at Harlem Cove (Manhattan- 
ville), and attacked Cadwallader at the advanced line of intrench- 
ments. Percy s force was eight hundred strong ; Cadwallader had 
only one hundred and fifty men and one eigh teen-pounder. Both 
parties fought bravely, and Percy, yielding, moved towards the 
American left, behind a wood, and the combat ceased for a while. 

" While Rawiings and Cadwallader were keeping the assailants 
at bay, Stirling and Matthews landed. The latter pushed up the 
wooded heights, drove Baxter s troops from their redoubt (Fort 
George) and rocky defence, and stood victor upon the hills over 
looking the open field around Fort Washington. Stirling, after 
making a feigned landing, dropped down to an estuary of the river, 
landed within the American lines, and rushing up the acclivity by 
a sinuous road, attacked a redoubt on the summit, and made about 
two hundred prisoners. Informed of this, and perceiving the peril 
of being placed between two fires, Cadwallader retreated along the 
road nearest the Hudson, closely pursued by Percy, and battling 
all the way. When near the upper border of Trinity Cemetery 
(155th-street), he was attacked on the flank by Colonel Stirling, 
who was pressing across the island to intercept him. He contin 
ued the retreat, and reached the fort, after losing a few killed and 
about thirty made prisoners. On the border of the Cemetery, and 
near the fort, severe skirmishes took place, and many of the Hessian 
pursuers were slain. The defence was gallant ; but pike, ball, and 
bayonet, used by five thousand men, overpowered the weakened 
patriots, and at meridian they were nearly all gathered within the 



300 

ramparts of the fort. General Howe now sent another summons 
to surrender. Perceiving resistance to be in vain, Magavv complied, 
and at half past one o clock the British flag was waving where the 
Union banner was unfurled defiantly in the morning. The garri 
son, amounting to more than two thousand men, were made prison 
ers of war, and with these the jails of New York were speedily 
gorged" 

Washington, who had been all the time an anxious spectator of 
the battle from the other side of the Hudson, wept like a child on 
beholding the retreat to, and surrender of, the fort. He wrote to 
General Charles Lee, informing him of the surrender of the fort, 
and of his future plans of operation. Lee replied, and all that he 
said with respect to the surrender of Fort Washington, was : " Oh, 
General, why would you be persuaded by men of inferior judgment 
to your own ? It was a cursed affair." Lee was second in com 
mand to the Commander-in-Chief, whose speculations as to the 
future were full of gloomy anticipations. 

To James Bowdoin, President of the Massachusetts Council, Lee 
"writes as follows : " I hope the cursed job of Fort Washington 
will occasion no dejection the place itself was of no value. For 
my own part, I am persuaded that if we only act with common 
sense, spirit, and decision, the day must be our own. Indecision 
bids fair for tumbling down the goodly fabric of American freedom, 
and, with it, the rights of mankind. Twas indecision of Congress 
prevented our having a noble army, and on an excellent footing. 
Twas indecision in our military councils which cost us the garrison 
of Fort Washington, the consequence of which must be fatal, un 
less remedied in time by a contrary spirit. Inclosed I send you an 
extract of a letter from the General (Washington), on which you 
will make your comments ; and I have no doubt you will concur 
with me in the necessity of raising immediately an army to save 
us from perdition. Affairs appear in so important a crisis, that I 
think the resolves of Congress must no longer too nicely weigh 
with us. We must save the community in spite of the ordi 
nances of the Legislature. There are times when we must com 
mit treason against the laws of the State for the salvation of the 



GEN. LEE S CORRESPONDENCE. 301 

State. The present crisis demands this brave, virtuous kind of 
treason."* 

In December, 1776, our "decisive" General Lee was snugly 
quartered at a tavern at Baskinridge, N. J., about three miles from 
his own army, and about twenty miles from the British encamp 
ment at Brunswick. Supposing himself perfectly safe, Lee wrote 
to General Gates about Fort Washington, and rapped the Com- 
mander-in-Chief over the knuckles in the following strain : "The 
ingenious manoeuvre of Fort Washington has completely unhinged 
the goodly fabric we had been building. There never was so 
damned a stroke ; entre nous, a certain great man is most damnably 
deficient. He has thrown me into a situation where I have my 
choice of difficulties : if I stay in the province I risk myself and 
army ; and if I do not stay, the province is lost forever."f 

We will now see what became of our impetuous and " decisive" 
Lee. He had just signed his famous letter to General Gates, doubt 
less presuming he had uplifted a thunderbolt sufficient to demolish 
General Washington, when suddenly General Wilkinson, -who was 
with him, exclaimed, " Here, sir, are the British cavalry !" " Where?" 
replied Lee. " Around the house," said Wilkinson. " Where is 
the guard ? Damn the guard why don t they fire ? Do see what 
has become of the guard," said Lee. Poor Lee, the guards had 
fled ! Colonel Harcourt s dragoons entered the house and took Lee, 
and conveyed him a prisoner of war to the British camp. They 
boasted of having taken the " American Palladium," for they con 
sidered Lee the most scientific and experienced of the rebel generals.]; 

On the 25th September, 1775, Colonel Ethan Allen, of " Conti 
nental Congress" renown, and famous as the captor of Ticonderoga, 
was himself captured at Montreal, and sent to England to be tried 
for treason. He was confined there in Pendennis Castle, and, with 
out a trial, he was returned to New York in 1776, a prisoner of 
war, and was not exchanged until May 6, 1778. 

On the other hand, by way of retaliation, the Americans were 
successful in making some wholesale captures of the British forces. 



* Irving s Life of Washington. f Ibid. f Ibid. 



302 

At the battle of Trenton, December 26, 1776, the Americans, un 
der General Washington, succeeded in capturing about 1000 Hes 
sians under Colonel Rahl, among whom were about thirty-two 
officers. Colonel Rahl was mortally wounded in the confused 
skirmish with the Americans, and soon after died. 

On the 17th October, 1777, General Burgoyne, of the British 
forces, and his whole army, surrendered to the Americans under 
General Gates ; and on the 19th October, 1781, Lord Cornwallis 
and his army surrendered to the Americans under General Wash 
ington, at Yorktown, Va. The particulars of the above capitula 
tions are too well understood by the American people to require 
explanation here, but the captives of those two armies were not 
confined by the Americans in loathsome dungeons, like the infa 
mous British prisons in New York. 

On the 13th of January, 1777, General Washington wrote to Sir 
William Howe as follows : " I am directed by Congress to propose 
an exchange of five of the Hessian field officers taken at Trenton 
for Major-general Lee ; or, if this proposal should not be accepted, 
to demand his liberty upon parole within certain bounds, as have 
ever been granted to your officers in our custody. I am informed, 
upon good authority, that your reason for keeping him hitherto in 
a stricter confinement than usual, is, that you do not look upon him 
in the light of a common prisoner of war, but as a deserter from 
the British service, as his resignation has never been accepted, and 
that you intend to try him as such by a court-martial. I will not 
undertake to determine how far this doctrine may be justifiable 
among yourselves, but I must give you warning that Major-general 
Lee is looked upon as an officer belonging to, and under the pro 
tection of the United Independent States of America, and any vio 
lence you may commit upon his life and liberty, will be severely 
retaliated upon the lives and liberties of the British officers, or those 
of their foreign allies in our hands. I would beg that some certain 
rule of conduct towards prisoners may be settled ; and if you are 
determined to make captivity as distressing as possible, let me know 
it, that we may be upon equal terms, for your conduct shall regu 
late mine." 



WASHINGTON S CORRESPONDENCE ABOUT PRISONERS. 303 

" I am sorry," writes he to Lord George Howe, on the subject of 
the naval prisoners, " that I am under the disagreeable necessity of 
troubling your lordship with a letter, almost wholly on the subject 
of the cruel treatment which our officers and men in the naval 
department, who are unhappy enough to fall into your hands, re 
ceive on board the prison-ships in the harbor of New York. From 
the opinion I have ever been taught to entertain of your lordship s 
humanity, I will not suppose that you are privy to proceedings of 
BO cruel and unjustifiable a nature ; and I hope that, upo\i making 
the proper inquiry, you will have the matter so regulated, that the 
unhappy persons whose lot is captivity, may not in future have the 
miseries of cold, disease, and famine, added to their other misfor 
tunes. You may call us rebels, and say that we deserve no better 
treatment, but remember, my lord, that, supposing us rebels, we 
still have feelings as keen and sensible as loyalists ; and will, if forced 
to it, most assuredly retaliate upon those upon whom we look as 
the unjust invaders of our rights, liberties, and properties. I should 
not have said thus much, but my injured countrymen have long 
called upon me to endeavor to obtain a redress of their grievances, 
and I should think myself as culpable as those who inflict such 
severities upon them, were I to continue silent." 

Both Lord Howe and Sir William Howe, in their answers, affect 
ed to believe that the American prisoners were not severely treated, 
and appeared ignorant of the brutal tyranny of Cunningham, the 
provost marshal, over the unfortunate but firmly patriotic pris 
oners. 

Some difficulties and misunderstandings arose relative to the case 
of General Lee, which put an end to operations with respect to ne 
gotiations for the exchange of prisoners, and those on both sides 
had to suffer on in consequence, and with them, the brave and ec 
centric captor of Ticonderoga, Ethan Allen. 

A tariff for the exchange of prisoners was fixed upon by Major- 
general Phillips on the part of the British, and a committee of offi 
cers, prisoners at New York, on the part of the Americans, in 1779, 
in which a sergeant was reckoned equal to two privates, an ensign 
to four, a lieutenant to six, a captain to sixteen, a major to twenty- 



304: HOEKOES OF THE PRISONS. 

eight, a lieutenant-colonel to seventy-two, a colonel to one hundred, 
a brigadier-general to two hundred, a major-general to three hun 
dred and seventy-two, a lieutenant-general to a thousand and forty- 
four, an adjutant and quartermaster to six, each, a surgeon to six, a 
surgeon s mate to four, a surgeon of hospitals to sixteen, deputies 
and assistants to six, each, and all other officers in proportion, to be 
regulated by their rank in the line. 

From September 15, 1776, to November 25, 1783, nearly the 
entire period of the revolutionary war, New York remained in the 
hands of the British, and was made the head-quarters of the foulest 
tyranny over helpless prisoners ever known in the darkest ages of 
the world. The bastiles of Europe never furnished such a picture. 
Jerusalem within, besieged by the Romans without, never felt the 
horrors of the New York prisons ; the fear of which stimulated the 
American nerve to fight with desperation, and die, if he could, 
rather than be doomed to this awful incarceration. The bones of 
the martyrs washed, naked and exposed, on the shores of the Walla- 
bout, brought forth fruit unto liberty and constituted a prominent 
pillar in the glorious fabric of American freedom. These bones 
inspired the living patriot. Let a monument over them be erected 
to the skies ! 

" The new jail," says Mr. Lossing in his Field Book, "was made 
a provost prison, where American officers, and the most eminent 
whigs, who fell into the hands of the British, were confined. Here 
was the theatre of Cunningham s brutal conduct towards the vic 
tims of his spite. The prisoners were formally introduced to him, 
and their name, age, size, and rank, were recorded. They were 
then confined in the gloomy cells, or to the equally loathsome up 
per chamber, where the highest officials in captivity were so closely 
crowded together, that when, at night, they laid down to sleep on 
the hard plank floor, they could change position only by all turn 
ing over at once, at the words, riyht left. Their food was scanty 
and of the poorest kind, often that which Cunningham had ex 
changed at a profit for better food received from their friends or the 
commissariat. Little delicacies, brought by friends of the captives, 
seldom reached them ; and the brutal Cunningham would some- 



HOEKORS OF THE PKISONS. 305 

times devour or destroy such offerings of affection in the presence 
of his victims, to gratify his cruel propensities. 

" Thus for many months gentlemen of fortune and education, who 
had lived in the enjoyment of the luxuries and refined pleasures of 
elegant social life, were doomed to a miserable existence, embittered 
by the coarse insults of an ignorant, drunken Irish master. 

" The prison-ships were intended for seamen taken on the ocean, 
yet some soldiers were confined in them. These lay in Gravesend 
Bay, and there many of the prisoners taken in the battle near 
Brooklyn were confined until the British took possession of New 
York, when they were removed to prisons in the city. In 1778 the 
hulks of decaying ships were moored in the Wallabout, a sheltered 
bay on Long Island shore, where the present Navy-yard is. There, 
in succession, the Whitby, Good Hope, Scorpion, Prince of Wales, 
Falmouth, Hunter, Stromboli, and half a dozen of less note were 
moored, and contained hundreds of American seamen captured on 
the high seas. The sufferings of these captives were intense, and 
at the close of 1779 they set fire to two of them, hoping to secure 
either liberty or death. 

"In 1780 the Jersey was placed in the Wallabout, and used as a 
prison-ship till the close of the war, when she was left to decay on 
the spot where her victims suffered. 

" The name and character of each prisoner were registered when 
he first came on board. He was then placed in the hold, frequently 
with a thousand others, a large portion of them covered with filthy 
tgs, often swarming with vermin. Every morning the prisoners 
brought up their bedding to be aired, and, after washing the decks, 
they were allowed to remain above till sunset, when they were or 
dered below with imprecations, and the savage cry, Down, rebels, 
down! The hatches were then closed, and in serried ranks they 
lay down to sleep, if possible, in the putrid air and stifling heat, 
amid the sighs of the acutely distressed and the groans of the dying. 
Each morning the harsh order came below, Rebels, turn out your 
dead. 1 The dead were selected from the living ; each sewed in his 
blanket, if he had one, and thus conveyed in a boat to the shore by 
his companions, under guard, and hastily buried. 



306 HORRORS OF THE PRISONS. 

" So shallow were the graves of the dead on the shores of the 
Wallabout, that while the ships were yet sending forth their vic 
tims, the action of the waves and the drifting of the loose sand often 
exposed the bones of those previously buried. Year after year this 
revolting exhibition might be seen, and yet no steps were taken to 
preserve the remains of the martyred patriots until 1803, when 
Samuel L. Mitchell presented a memorial to Congress, in behalf of 
the Tammany Society of New York, soliciting a tomb for the mar 
tyrs. The prayer of the petitioners was not granted, and no further 
legislative action was had." 

At the second session of the twenty-seventh Congress, in 1842, 
as shown by Report No. 1026, the Common Council of the city of 
Brooklyn again took this subject in hand, and petitioned the Na 
tional Legislature to bury, and erect a monument over, the bones of 
the revolutionary patriots who perished in the British prisons and 
prison-ships in New York. The bones are now deposited in the 
ground owned in 1842 by Benjamin Romaine, Esq., on Long Island. 
The committee of Congress to whom this petition was referred, 
made an adverse report, for fear of establishing a precedent for 
other similar petitions! Will not this rich, powerful, and inde 
pendent nation, even at the sacrifice of her last dollar, reconsider 
the matter, grant the petition, and erect the monument ? 

The imprisoned, emaciated, and dying patriots, in the dark 
hours of 1780, when nearly all hope of independence had fled for 
ever, and when the deserter, tory, and traitor stalked over the land 
in fearful combination, reached forth their skeleton hands, wrote, 
and bequeathed this task to their countrymen in their dying hours : 
" If you are victorious, and our country emerges free and independ 
ent from the contest in which she is now engaged, but the end of 
which we are not permitted to see, bury us in her soil, and engrave 
our names on the monument you shall erect over our bones, as vic 
tims who willingly surrendered their lives as a portion of the price 
paid for your liberties, and our departed spirits will never murmur, 
or regret the sacrifice we made to obtain for you the blessings you 
enjoy." 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 30? 

The following is a List of the Principal American Commissaries of 
Prisoners, with a List of Captured and Imprisoned Officers. 

ELIAS BOUDINOT, Commissary-general of Prisoners, appointed in 

1776. 

JOHN BEATTY, Commissary-general of Prisoners. 
ABRAHAM SKINNER, do. do. 

JOHN ADAMS, Assist. do. do. 

JOHN BROOKS, Assist. Com. of Issues. 
THOMAS BRADFORD, Com. of Prisoners. 
LEWIS PINTARD, Agent for the prisoners at New York. 
THOMAS FRANKLIN, Agent for the prisoners at Philadelphia. 

CHARLES LEE, MAJOR-GENERAL, 

Second in command to the Commander-in-Chief, was captured at 
Baskinridge, N. J., in December, 1776, by Colonel Harcourt, of the 
British dragoons. A tory had visited the quarters of General Lee, 
to complain of the loss of a horse taken by his army, and on learn 
ing the whereabouts of the particular quarters of General Lee, the 
tory rode eighteen miles in the night to inform the British. Lee s 
quarters were three miles from the encampment of his army. At 
the time of his capture his guards had stacked arms, and were sun 
ning themselves by the south side of the house, when the British 
dragoons galloped up, scattered the guards, took Lee, without hat, 
and in his slippers and blanket-coat, and triumphantly clattering off 
to the British camp at Brunswick, delivered up their queer-looking 
specimen of a prisoner. He was exchanged for General Prescott, 
on the 6th of May, 1778. 

MAJ. GEN. LORD STIRLING 

Was taken prisoner at the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, 
by the Hessians, under General De Heister, and was confined on 
board the British ship "Eagle" for about one month, when he was 
exchanged for Governor Brown, of Providence Island, who had been 
capture*) by Commodore Hopkins. 



308 PRISONERS OF WAR. 

MAJ. GEN. JOHN SULLIVAN 

Was also captured at the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, 
by the Hessians, under the immediate command of Count Donop, 
and confined in the " Eagle," with Lord Stirling ; but was paroled 
by Lord Howe, and sent by him to the Continental Congress with a 
verbal message, desiring a conference with a committee of that 
body. He remained a prisoner on parole for about three months, 
and was exchanged for General Prescott. 

MAJ. GEN. BENJAMIN LINCOLN 

Surrendered himself a prisoner of war to Sir Henry Clinton, at the 
fall of Charleston, May 12, 1780. He remained a prisoner on pa 
role until November of the same year, when he was exchanged, and 
in the spring of 1781 joined General Washington. 

MAJ. GEN. WILLIAM MOULTRIE 

Was the second in command at the siege and fall of Charleston. 
He was, with General Lincoln, taken prisoner May 12, 1780, at the 
surrender of Charleston. He remained a prisoner on parole for 
about eighteen months, and returned to Charleston in 1782. 

COL. ETHAN ALLEN 

Was captured in his attack on Montreal, Sept. 25, 1775, and car 
ried to General Prescott, the commandant of the British post at 
that place. General Prescott asked him if he was that same Allen 
who captured Ticonderoga. On being told he was the very man, 
Prescott shook his cane over his head, put himself in a great rage, 
called him a rebel, and threatened his neck with a halter. He was 
exchanged May 6, 1778, as before observed. 

BRIG. GEN. JAMES IRVINE, 

Of the Pennsylvania militia, was captured in his attack on the 
British camp on Chestnut-Hill, near White Marsh, on the 5th of 
December, 1777. After a short skirmish, all his men fled, and left 
him wounded on the field. General Irvine was sent to Philadel- 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 309 

phia, and put in confinement there. He received fifty dollars from 
Thomas Franklin, the agent for the prisoners in that city, to cheer 
him in his dungeon. In January, 1778, he was removed to New 
York. On the 3d December, 1780, Mr. Skinner, the Commissary- 
general, advanced him 4000 continental dollars, which, at the enor 
mous rate of depreciation then existing, profited him but little. He 
was exchanged June 1, 1781. General Washington, before he was 
properly acquainted with him, called him Ewing, which gave rise 
to many errors among historians about his name. To settle this 
question, he will be again referred to in a future page. 

COL. NICHOLAS LUTZ, 

Of the Pennsylvania Flying-Camp, was captured at the battle of 
Long Island, August 27, 1776. On the 16th April, 1777, he was 
admitted to parole within certain bounds, and was exchanged Sep 
tember 10, 1779. He returned to his home at Reading, Pa., where 
he must have died shortly after, for it does not appear that he 
ever called on the commissaries of prisoners for any thing that may 
have been due him during his imprisonment and parole. 

COL. MICHAEL SWOPE, 

Of the Pennsylvania Flying-Camp, a Fort Washington prisoner, 
was captured November 16, 1776. He was released on parole 
June 23, 1778, but again called into New York on the 8th of Au 
gust, 1779, where he had to endure the confinement of his fellow- 
prisoners, martyrs for patriotism. He was exchanged at Elizabeth- 
town, N. J., on the 26th of January, 1781, and returned home to 
Yorktown, Pa., on foot, a distance of 170 miles. He was very well 
supplied by Mr. Pintard, at New York, with " Continental dollars," 
which he readily sold at the rate of seventy-five for one in specie 
in the spring of 17801 The current exchange of the day was 
forty for one in specie, but the poor prisoners, robbed of liberty, 
money, and life, could not get the advantages of the money market. 

MAJOR GEORGE TUDOR, 
Of the 3d Pennsylvania Regiment, commanded by Colonel Lam- 



310 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 



bert Cadwallader, was captured at Fort Washington. At the time 
of his capture he was a captain, and the following soldiers of his 
company were taken prisoners with him on the memorable 10th of 
November, 1776 : 



Charles Fleming, 
John Wright, 
James McKinney, 
Ebenezer Stille, 
Jacob Leinhart, 
Abraham Van Gorden, 
Peter Daubert, 
William Carbury, 
John McDowell, 
William McKague, 
Henry Parker, 
James Burns, 
Henry Kepler, 
Baltus Weigh, 
Charles Beason, 
Leonard Huber, 
John McCarroll, 
Jacob Guiger, 



John May, 
Daniel Adams, 
George McCornrick, 
Jacob Kettle, 
Jacob Miller, 
George Neason, 
James Kearney, 
David Sutor, 
Adam Bridel, 
Christian Mull, 
Daniel McKnight, 
Cornelius Westbrook, 
Luke Murphy, 
Joseph Conklin, 
Adam Dennis, 
Edward Ogden, 
William Scoonover, 
James Rosencrants. 



Those unfortunate and devoted patriots endured the horrors of 
the prison-ships and prison-houses of New York ; nor is it known 
that they were ever exchanged by a kinder interposition than death. 
They lived to inscribe their names high up on the sombre walls of 
their prison, and died martyrs for the cause of American freedom, 
appealing with their fellow-prisoners to their countrymen that in 
case American Independence should ever be achieved, a monument 
would be erected over their bones, which were washed and exposed 
on the shores of the Wallabout. 

Major Tudor was exchanged May 10, 1778, and repaired quickly 
to join his regiment, then at Schoharie, N. Y. 

MAJOR THOMAS L. BYLES, 

Of Colonel Lambert Cadwallader s 3d Pennsylvania Regiment, was 
another of the prisoners of Fort Washington, captured November 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 311 

16, 1776. He was Captain from the 1st of August, 1776, to June 
8, 1777, when he was promoted to Major. He was exchanged 
March 1, 1778, and hastened to join his regiment at Valley Forge. 
He died in service on the first day of February, 1779. 

MAJOR JOHN POULSON, 

Of the 8th Virginia Regiment, was captured October 5, 1777. He 
was Captain from July 1, 1777, to May 12, 1779, when he was 
promoted to Major. He was exchanged November 2, 1780, at 
Elizabeth town, N. J., and returned to his home in Accomack coun 
ty, Va, He subsequently joined the army, and served to the end 
of the war. 

ADJUTANT JOHN JOHNSON, 

Of Colonel Baxter s Flying-Camp, was captured at Fort Washing 
ton, November 16, 1776. He received 3650 Continental dollars 
and 204 while imprisoned. He was exchanged November 2, 1780, 
and returned to his home in Buckingham township, Buck s county, 
Pa., when his military career seems to have ended. 

ADJUTANT DANIEL KENNEDY, 

Of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment, was captured April 17, 1778. 
He was Sergeant from September 1, 1776, to February 15, 1777, 
when he was promoted to Lieutenant, and to Adjutant the 15th of 
June, 1777. Prisoners always received promotion according to rule 
as though they were in active service. Major Samuel Benezet 
kindly supplied Adjutant Kennedy with money and provisions. It 
appears that he spent most of the time of his captivity in Phila 
delphia, and received the special attention of Colonel William Pal 
frey, Paymaster-general. He was exchanged August 1, 1780. 

FERDINAND J. S. BE BRAHM, 

Major of Engineers, was captured at the surrender of Charleston, 
May 12, 1780. He was confined a prisoner in that city, and re 
ceived cash and supplies to the amount of about 3000 Continental 
dollars from John Sanford Dart, Deputy Paymaster-general for the 



312 PRISONERS OF WAR. 

Southern Army, and Mr. Fisher, Commissary of Prisoners. He 
was exchanged April 22, 1781, and appeared in Philadelphia on 
the 17th of July of that year, where he succeeded in selling his 
" Continental dollars" at the rate of forty for one in specie. 

BARON CHARLES DE FREY, 

Captain of light-dragoons in Count Pulaski s Legion. He was 
captured February 1, 1778, and released July 1, 1778. 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM CRAWFORD, 

Of the 5th Regiment of Pennsylvania, another Fort Washington 
captive, taken November 16, 1776. He was Lieutenant from Sep 
tember 1, 1776, to May 1, 1777, when he was promoted to Cap 
tain. He received supplies from Lewis Pintard, agent for the New 
York prisoners, and was exchanged December 18, 1780. He re 
turned to Philadelphia, and subsequently returned to his regiment, 
and served to the end of the war. 

CAPTAIN JOHN RICHARDSON, 

Of the 5th Regiment of Pennsylvania, another Fort Washington 
prisoner, taken November 16, 1776. He received supplies from 
Lewis Pintard, agent of the prisoners at New York, and was ex 
changed October 31, 1778. He became a supernumerary on the 
new arrangement of the army in 1778, received "half-pay Novem 
ber 1, 1778, to May 22, 1779, agreeable to a resolve of Congress of 
November 24, 1778," and "one year s pay allowed to supernumer 
ary officers, agreeable to a resolve of Congress May 22, 1779." 

CAPTAIN BATEMAN LLOYD, 

Of the 2d Regiment of New Jersey, was captured February 27, 
1778. He received his supplies from Lewis Pintard, at New York, 
and Thomas Franklin, at Philadelphia. He was exchanged at Eliz- 
abethtown, N. J., on the 1st of April, 1781, and made his way, 116 
miles on foot, to his place of abode in Salem, in that State. All the 
imprisoned officers were offered their liberty in case they would en 
list in the British cause, and the inhuman keepers of their prisons 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 313 

always held this temptation before them. Foul subornation of 
treason ! Lord Howe, where was thy blush ? 

CAPTAIN EGBERT SAMPLE, 

Of the 10th Regiment of Pennsylvania, was captured March 7, 
1778. He received his supplies from Thomas Franklin at Phila 
delphia, and Lewis Pintard and John Adams at New York. He 
was exchanged November 4, 1780, at Elizabeth town, N. J., and re 
turned to his home, 170 miles, to Bucks county, Pa., but returned 
to the army, and served to the end of the war. Captain Sample 
was a fine scholar and a meritorious officer. 

CAPTAIN THOMAS MC!NTIRE 

Commanded an independent company. The circumstances of his 
capture and imprisonment appear nowhere on record, yet his name 
is among the prisoners of 1780. He was Ensign from August 1, 

1777, to January 1, 1778, when he was promoted to a Lieutenant; 
and on the 8th of March, 1779, he was made Captain of an Inde 
pendent Company, and some part of his time harrassed the con 
federated savages in the valley of the Wyoming. 

CAPTAIN ROBERT CALDWELL, 

Of Colonel Samuel I. Atlee s Regiment. Captain Caldwell and Col 
onel Atlee were both Fort Washington prisoners. I have met with 
no particulars of Colonel Atlee s imprisonment and exchange. Cap 
tain Caldwell was Lieutenant from September 1, 1776, and was 
promoted to Captain November 16, 1776, the same day of his cap 
ture. He received supplies from Lewis Pintard and Elias Boudinot 
at New York, and was exchanged April 15, 1779, at Elizabeth- 
town, N. J., and made his way to Philadelphia, a distance of eighty 
miles. I have no account of his return to the service. 

CAPTAIN JAMES MOORE, 
Of Colonel Hall s Delaware Regiment, was captured January 20, 

1778. Lewis Pintard to Colonel Hall, under date of March 4, 1781, 
states that Captain Moore received from him, by order of Johi. 

14 



314: PRISONERS OF WAR. 

Beatty, Commissary-general of Prisoners, 107 7s. 5d., while a 
prisoner in New York ; and Thomas Franklin says that he ad 
vanced him 8 7s. 4^d. at Philadelphia ; and John Adams at Eliz- 
abethtown says he advanced him 276 Continental dollars. He was 
exchanged December 7, 1780, at Elizabethtown, and made his way 
to Dover, in the State of Delaware, a distance of 170 miles. He 
soon joined his regiment, and dealt out hot revenge on his re 
morseless captors until the close of the war. 

CAPTAIN MATTHEW KNOX, 

Of Colonel Lambert Cadwallader and Colonel John Sheets 3d Penn 
sylvania Regiment, was another of the ill-starred Fort Washington 
prisoners, captured November 16, 1776. He was commissioned as 
Lieutenant January 5, 1776, and promoted to a captaincy October 
11, 1776, in the place of Captain West, promoted to Major. Lewis 
Pintard advanced him 72 7s. Sd. while a prisoner in New York. 
He received "half-pay from October 23, 1778, to May 22, 1779, 
agreeable to a resolution of Congress of the 24th of November, 
1778," and "one year s pay allowed to supernumerary officers, 
agreeable to a resolve of Congress of May 22, 1779." He was 
exchanged October 22, 1778, at Elizabethtown, and returned to his 
home in Philadelphia, a distance of eighty miles, which appears to 
have closed his military career. 

CAPTAIN SAMUEL CTJLBERTSON, 

Of Colonel Montgomery s Regiment of Flying-Camp, a Fort Wash 
ington prisoner, was captured November 16, 1776. He was a 
prisoner, within certain bounds on Long Island, until August 16, 
1779, when he was ordered into the city prisons of New York. 
Lewis Pintard and Colonel Palfrey supplied him in 1776 and 1777 
with money. He was exchanged November 2, 1780, at Elizabeth- 
town, N. J., and made his way, 110 miles, to his place of abode 
at Yellow Springs, Pa. Captain Culbertson was possessed of fine 
literary abilities, and military talents. 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 315 

CAPTAIN JOHN McDoNALD, 

Of Colonel Swope s Regiment of Pennsylvania Flying-Camp, was 
another Fort Washington prisoner, captured November 16, 1776. 
He was paroled on Long Island June 28, 1777. I have no ac 
count of his place of confinement from the time of his capture to 
the time of his parole. He was ordered into the New York pris 
ons on the 9th of August, 1779, and received supplies from Lewis 
Pintard, Agent, John Beatty and Abraham Skinner, Commissaries- 
general of Prisoners, and John Brooks, Assistant Commissary of 
Issues. He was exchanged at Elizabethtown, N. J., November 2, 
1780, and made his way to his home in Yorktown, a distance of 
170 miles. 

CAPTAIN ALEXANDER GRAYDON, 

Of Colonel Lambert Cadwallader s 3d Regiment of Pennsylvania, 
was also captured at Fort Washington, November 16, 1776. Cap 
tain Graydon was confined on Long Island until July 7, 1777, when 
he was admitted to parole by the enemy, and visited General Wash 
ington s camp at Morristown. Colonel Cadwallader kindly supplied 
Mrs. Graydon, at Reading, with money to the amount of 293 6s. 
during her husband s imprisonment. Captain Graydon was ex 
changed by Elias Boudinot, Commissary-general of Prisoners, on 
the loth of April, 1778, at Elizabethtown, from whence he returned 
to his place of abode at Reading, Pa., a distance of 136 miles. I 
have no accounts of his return to the service. He was a gentle 
man of high literary attainments, and was the author of an ex 
ceedingly interesting work entitled " Graydon s Memoirs of the 
Revolution." 

CAPTAIN JOHN STOTESBURY, 

Of the llth and 6th Pennsylvania Regiments, was captured March 
10, 1778, and confined in Philadelphia until the 10th of June of 
the same year, when he was admitted to parole. On the 1st of 
January, 1779, he was called into New York, and confined there. 
He was supplied with money, &c., by Thomas Franklin, John 
Beatty, Lewis Pintard, Thomas Bradford, and John Adams. He 



316 PRISONERS OF WAR. 

was exchanged December 31, 1780, at Elizabethtown, and made 
his way home to Philadelphia. Captain Stotesbury was a well- 
educated gentleman, and an efficient officer. 

CAPTAIN ROBERT PATTON, 

Of the llth Pennsylvania Regiment, was captured in a skirmish on 
the 27th October, 1776. He was supplied. by Lewis Pintard, John 
Beatty, and Abraham Skinner, and was exchanged at Elizabeth- 
town, January 3, 1781, and went to his home at Yorktown. He 
soon returned to the army, and served to the end of the war. 

CAPTAIN JAMES ELLIOTT 

Commanded an independent company in Pennsylvania. His name 
is found among the prisoners, but nothing as to the particulars of 
his capture and exchange. He was Lieutenant from February 27, 
1778, and Captain from March 8, 1779. No traces of his service 
are found beyond August 1, 1780, but circumstances warrant the 
presumption that he served to the end of the war. 

LIEUTENANT MATTHEW BENNETT, 

Of Colonel Baxter s Regiment of Flying-Camp, was another Fort 
Washington prisoner, captured November 16, 1776. He was im 
prisoned in the city of New York, and received supplies from Lewis 
Pintard, and afterwards from John Adams, at Elizabethtown, and 
was exchanged at the latter place, December 8, 1780. He returned 
to his place of abode, in Bucks county, Pa. 

LIEUTENANT ROBERT BROWN, 

Of Colonel Baxter s Flying-Camp, was captured at Fort Washing 
ton, November 16, 1776. He was confined in New York, and re 
ceived supplies from Mr. Pintard, and from the Corn. Gen., Mr. 
Skinner. He was exchanged at Elizabethtown, January 25, 1781, 
and returned to his home in Northampton county, Pa. 

LIEUTENANT LEWIS JOHNSTON COSTIGIN, 
Of the 1st Regiment of New Jersey, another Fort Washington pris- 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 317 

oner, was captured in a skirmish November 13, 1776, three days 
prior to the memorable 16th. He was confined in the New York 
Sugar-house, and received no supplies from the Commissaries. He 
seems to have been a special object of hate for his royal captors. 
He received " half-pay, agreeable to a resolve of Congress Novem 
ber 24, 1780," and "one year s pay allowed to supernumerary offi 
cers by a resolve of Congress of May 22, 1779." He returned to 
his place of abode at New Brunswick, N. J., and it appears never 
afterwards took the field, all of which is given as stated by a 
Thomas Lowry of those times. 

LIEUTENANT JOSEPH MARTIN, 

Of Colonel Baxter s Flying-Camp, was another Fort Washington 
prisoner, captured November 16, 1776, and confined in New York 
city. He was supplied by Mr. Pintard and Mr. Bradford with spe 
cie and Continental currency, and was exchanged November 2, 
1770, at Elizabeth town. He returned to his place of abode, a dis 
tance of 150 miles, in Northampton county, Pa. 

LIEUTENANT WILLIAM YOUNG, 

Of Colonel McAllister s Flying-Camp, a Fort Washington prisoner, 
captured November 16, 1776. He received his supplies from Mr. 
Boudinot, Com. Gen. of prisoners, and from Mr. Adams and Mr. 
Bradford. He was exchanged December 8, 1780, at Elizabeth- 
town, and returned to his home in Chansford township, York 
county, Pa., a distance of 166 miles. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN VANCE HYATT, 

Of Colonel Hall s Delaware Regiment, was captured by the British 
April 25, 1778. John Beatty, Commissary-general of Prisoners, 
supplied him with 107 55. 2e., through the hands of Lewis Pin 
tard, agent for prisoners in New York. Mr. Skinner advanced him 
cash for 96 weeks board, and Mr. Bradford, in June, 1781, forked 
over to him 1000 Continental dollars, which he sold at the rate of 
75 for 1 in specie. He was exchanged March 31, 1781, at Eliza- 
bethtown, and returned to his home, 140 miles, into the State of 



318 PKISONEKS OF WAK. 

Delaware, but subsequently joined his regiment, and served to the 
end of the war. 

LIEUTENANT ZACHARIAS SHUGART, 

Of Colonel Swope s Pennsylvania Flying-Camp, was captured at 
Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and confined in the city of 
New York. He received supplies from Mr. Pintard and Mr. Brad 
ford : exchanged December 31, 1780, and returned home to York- 
town. 

LIEUTENANT HEZEKIAH DAVIS, 

Of Colonel Montgomery s Regiment of Flying-Camp, was captured 
at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and imprisoned in New 
York. He received from Mr. Pintard 64 155. -Id., from Mr. 
Beatty, 143 7s. 4e?., eighty weeks board from Mr. Skinner, 266 
dollars from Mr. Adams, and 1469 dollars from Mr. Bradford. He 
was exchanged December 8, 1780, at Elizabethtown, and returned 
to his home in Chester county, Pa. 

LIEUTENANT ANDREW ROBINSON, 

Of the llth Pennsylvania Regiment, commissioned September 13, 
1776, was captured at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and 
confined in New York. He received supplies from Mr. Pintard and 
others, and a warrant for 1000 dollars from General Washington. 
He was exchanged January 4, 1781, and returned to his home in 
Yorktown, Pa. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN ERWIN, 

Of Colonel Baxter s Regiment of Flying-Camp, was captured at 
Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and confined in New York. 
He received supplies from Mr. Pintard and Mr. Beatty, and was ex 
changed at Elizabethtown February 18, 1781, and returned to his 
home in Bucks county, Pa. 

LIEUTENANT THOMAS WYNN, 
Of Colonel Montgomery s Regiment of Flying-Camp, was also cap- 



PRISONERS OF WAK. 319 

tured at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and confined in 
New York. He received some supplies from the agent for the 
prisoners in New York ; was exchanged at Elizabethtown January 
1, 1781, and returned to his home, a distance of 120 miles, in 
Chester county, Pa. 

LIEUTENANT JONATHAN SMITH, 

Of Colonel Bowman s 8th Virginia Regiment, was captured Octo 
ber 1, 1777. He was Ensign until April 4, 1778, when he was 
promoted to a Lieutenant. He was confined in New York, and 
received the attention of Mr. Pintard ; was exchanged December 
15, 1780, at Elizabethtown, and returned to his home at Fredericks- 
burg, Va., a distance of 360 miles, but returned to his regiment, and 
served to the end of the war. 

LIEUTENANT ROBERT DARLINGTON, 

Of Colonel Watts Regiment of Flying-Camp, was captured at Fort 
Washington, November 16, 1776, and was confined on Long Island. 
He was admitted to parole May 26, 1777, but was ordered into the 
New York city prisons on the 17th of August, 1779, where he was 
supplied by Mr. Pintard and Mr. Beatty, and was honored, on the 
6th of June, 1777, with a warrant for 167 dollars from his Excel 
lency General Washington. He was exchanged at Elizabethtown 
on the 14th of May, 1781, and returned to his home in Chester 
county, Pa, Lieutenant Darlington was an "able officer, a ripe 
scholar, and polite gentleman." 

LIEUTENANT SAMUEL MCCLELLAN, 

Of Colonel Montgomery s Flying-Camp, was also captured at Fort 
Washington, November 16, 1776, and confined on Long Island. 
He was admitted to parole on the 20th of May, 1777, but was on 
the 29th of September, 1779, ordered into the prisons in New York. 
He received the attention of Mr. Pintard, Mr. Skinner, and Mr. 
Adams, who furnished him with supplies. He was exchanged 
Dec. 7, 1780, and returned to his home in Chester county, Pa. 



320 PRISONERS OF WAK. 

LIEUTENANT WARNER WYNN, 

Of Colonel Montgomery s Flying-Camp, was captured at Fort Wash 
ington, November 16, 1776, and confined in New York, where Mr. 
Pintard advanced him 10 10s. 3d. There appears no account of 
his exchange, and the time of his imprisonment cannot be ascer 
tained beyond May 1, 1777. It would appear that he escaped from 
the British and joined the Americans in his former company. 

DAVID LOVE, SURGEON 

To the North Carolina Brigade, appears among the New York pris 
oners, yet no account of his capture nor exchange can be found, 
He served as Surgeon from 18th August, 1779, to August 1, 1781, 
and received 75 dollars per month pay. 



Of Colonel Morgan s Pennsylvania Militia, was c 
1777, and confined in New York, where Mr. Pii 



ENSIGN JOHN THOMPSON, 

captured January 3, 
Pintard advanced him 
64 and 300 dollars. He was exchanged at Elizabethtown, August 
26, 1778, and returned to his place of abode in Philadelphia coun 
ty, Pa. 

The following List of American Prisoners were released from cap 
tivity at Elizabethtown, N. J., by John Adams, Commissary of 
Prisoners, at the date written opposite their names. . 

John Harper, Brigade Major, Pa., Nov. 4, 1780. 

John Wells, Major, 2d Va. Kegt., Nov. 8, 1780. 

William B. Gifford, Lieutenant, 3d N. J. Kegt., Nov. 22, 1780. 

Gabriel Blakeney, Lieutenant, Col. Watts Flying-Camp, Nov. 22, 1780. 

John Eiley, Lieutenant, Col. Webb s Conn. Eegt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

William Robertson, Adjutant, 9th Va. Eegt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

Joseph Payne, Ensign, 9th Va. Eegt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

Asa Lay, Lieutenant, Col. Meigs Conn. Eegt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

Abraham Stout, Lieutenant, 2d N. J. Eegt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

Ebenezer West, Adjutant, Col. Ely s Conn. Eegt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

William Martin, Lieutenant, Col. Proctor s Pa. Artillery, Dec. 4, 1780. 

James Smith, Lieutenant, Col. Proctor s Pa. Artillery, Dec. 4, 1780. 

John Cozens, Captain, N. J. Eegt., Dec. 8, 1780. 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 321 

Samuel McElhatton, Ensign, Col. Watts Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 
John Crawford, Lieutenant, Col. Watts Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 
Ephraim Hunter, Lieutenant, Col. Watts Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 
Henry Clayton, Lieutenant, Col. Swope s Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 
Benjamin Davis, Lieutenant, Col. Montgomery s Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780 
Hugh King, Lieutenant, Col. Baxter s Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 
Jacob Mumme, Ensign, Col. Baxter s Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 
Thomas Warman, Lieutenant, Col. Eaw ling s Md. Kegt., Dec. 8, 1780. 
Samuel Fisher, Captain, 2d Kegt. Northumberland Militia, Dec. 8, 1780. 
Joseph Thompson, Lieut. Col. of Massachusetts, Dec. 8, 1780. 
Henry Lyles, Lieutenant, 3dMd. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
James Winchester, Lieutenant, 3d Md. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
Abraham Watson, Captain, 3d Mass. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
Jonathan Maynard, Lieutenant, 7th Mass. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
Stephen Townsend, Ensign, 6th Mass. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
Thomas Parker, Lieutenant, 9th Va. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
Thomas Paine, Lieutenant, 9th Va. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
James Anderson, Lieutenant, Col. Hazen s Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
Ebenezer Carson, Lieutenant, 10th Pa. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
Jacob Weaver, Captain, 10th Pa. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
Levi Bradley, Ensign, 4th Mass. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
James Whitlock, Lieutenant, Monmouth Militia, Dec. 22, 1780. 
Samuel Culver, Ensign, Col. Cook s Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
J. Brainard, Lieutenant, 4th Kegt. State Troops, Dec. 22, 1780. 
John Smith, Lieutenant, Col. Walker s Va. Kegt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
William Ellis, Major, N. J. Militia, Dec. 22, 1780. 
John W T eidman, Lieutenant, German Kegt., Pa., Dec. 30, 1780. 
John Eccleston, Major, 5th Md. Kegt., Dec. 30, 1780, 
William Hill, Lieutenant, 2d Maryland Kegt., Dec. 30, 1780. 
Aquilla Giles, Major and Aid-de-Camp to Maj. Gen. St. Glair, Nov. 10, 1780. 
Kichard Dorsey, Captain, Md. Artillery, a prisoner on parole from the spring 
of 1781 to the end of the war. 

Capt. John Reid acted as escort of the British prisoners from Fort 
Frederick, in Maryland, to Elizabethtown, N. J., the place of ex 
change. 

The following List of American Officers, prisoners at New York, 
were exchanged by Abraham Skinner, Commissary-general of 
Prisoners, on or about the dates opposite their names. 

John Ely, Colonel, Connecticut, Dec. 5, 1780. 
Nathaniel Kamsay, Lieut. Colonel, Maryland line, Dec. 14, 1780. 
Luke Marbury, Colonel, Maryland Militia, March 26, 1781. 

H* 



322 PRISONERS OF WAK. 

James Abbott, Ensign, Ely s Conn. Eegt., Dec. 17, 1781. 
William Andrews, Lieutenant, Crane s Mass. Artillery, March 19, 1781. 
Eichard Andrews, Lieutenant, 2d N. C. Eegt., March 26, 1781. 
George Blewer, Lieutenant, 4th Pa. Eegt., Jan. 29, 1781. 
Henry Brewster, Lieutenant, Allison s N. Y. Eegt., Dec. 17, 1780. 
Edward Bulkley, Lieutenant, Webb s Conn. Eegt, Dec. 17, 1780. 
Gabriel Blakeley, Lieutenant, Col. Watts Flying-Camp, Nov. 23, 1780. 
Charles Clark, Lieutenant, Col. Watts Flying-Camp, Jan. 29, 1781. 
Joseph Cox, Lieutenant, 6th Pa. Eegt., Jan. 29, 1781. 
Charles Croxall, Lieutenant, llth Pa. Eegt., Nov. 23, 1780. 
John Craig, Lieutenant, Col. Baxter s Flying-Camp, Mar. 19, 1781. 
Ephraim Douglass, Quartermaster, 8th Pa. Eegt., Nov. 27, 1780. 
John Duguid, Lieutenant, 3d Pa. Eegt., Nov. 10, 1780. 
John H. Finley, Lieutenant, 5th Pa. Eegt., Jan. 22, 1781. 
William Ferguson, Captain, Col. Proctor s Pa. Artillery, Dec. 1, 1780. 
Samuel Finley, Lieutenant, Pa. Artillery, Nov. 2, 1780. 
James W. Gray, Captain, 5th Md. Eegt., Feb. 10, 1781. 
Jesse Grant, Lieutenant, Col. Webb s Conn. Eegt., Dec. 17, 1780. 
George Gilchrist, Captain, 9th Va. Eegt., Nov. 2, 1780. 
William George, Lieutenant, Eawling s Md. Eegt., Nov. 2, 1780. 
Erasmus Gill, Lieutenant, 4th Pa. Eegt. of Dragoons, Oct. 22, 1780. 
John Green, Ensign, Pa. Militia, Mar. 26, 1781. 
Elisha Hopkins, Adjutant, Col. Webb s Conn. Eegt., Dec. 17, 1780. 
Henry Hambright, Captain, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 
Edward Hall, Lieutenant, 16th additional regiment Md., Nov. 5, 1780. 
James Janney, Lieutenant, 5th Eegt. Pa., Jan. 29, 1781. 
James Jones, Lieutenant, Pa. Flying-Camp, Jan. 29, 1781. 
Daniel Jamison, Lieutenant, Col. Baxter s Flying-Camp, Mar. 26, 1781. 
James Kronkhite, Captain, Col. Drake s N. Y. Eegt., Dec. 17, 1780. 
Isaac Keeler, Lieutenant, Col. Drake s N. Y. Eegt., Mar. 19, 1781. 
Thomas H. Lucket, Lieutenant, Md. Line, Nov. 2, 1780. 
Samuel Logan, Major, N. Y. Militia, Dec. 21, 1780. 
Nathaniel Lawrence, Lieutenant, 2d S. C. Eegt., April 18, 1781. 
.Henry Murfits, Lieutenant, Pa. Flying-Camp, Jan. 29, 1781. 
George Mathews, Colonel, 9th Va. Eegt., Dec. 5, 1781. 
John Mercer, Lieutenant, 1st N. J. Eegt., Nov. 6, 1780. 
Sands Niles, Ensign, Col. Ely s Conn. Eegt., Mar. 19, 1781. 
Solomon Pendleton, Lieutenant, Col. Dubois N. Y. Eegt., Feb. 8, 1781. 
William Preston, Captain, Pa. Militia Artillery, Jan. 29, 1781. 
David Poor, Lieutenant, Col. Hutchinson s Mass. Kegt., Dec. 17, 1780. 
Nathaniel Pendleton, Lieutenant, Col. Eawling s Md. Eegt., Oct. 18, 1780. 
Abraham Parsons, Lieutenant, N. J. Militia, Mar. 26, 1781. 
Thomas Eouse, Ensign, 2d Md. Eegt, Feb. 10, 1781. 
Thomas Eeed, Ensign, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 
Samuel Eutherford, Ensign, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 
Cornelius Swartwout, Captain, N. Y. Artillery, Dec. 17, 1780. 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 323 

Henry Swartwout, Lieutenant, Col. Dubois N. Y. Kegt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

Roger Staynor, Captain, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 

Smith Snead, Captain, 9th Va. Kegt., Nov. 2, 1780. 

Andrew Thompson, Ensign, Col. Spencer s Eegt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

Edward Tillard, Major, Congress Kegt., Nov. 2, 1780. 

John Willis, Captain, 8th Va. Kegt., Jan. 29, 1781. 

Sbenezer West, Adjutant, Col. Ely s Conn. Kegt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

Robert Walker, Lieutenant, Col. Brewer s Kegt., April 4, 1781. 

NOTE. The preceding list includes all the principal captive officers of the 
Continental army who remained in prison any considerable length of time. 
Many others were captured, but soon exchanged. We have no account of the 
naval prisoners from which any thing like a complete list could be made. 

If there is any class of patriots more deserving of the gratitude of a nation 
than another, it is these captives, who dwelt in dungeons for their country s 
sake. Their names should be quickly snatched from the verge of oblivion, and 
inscribed in letters of gold upon the loftiest monument ever erected to perpet 
uate the memories of a nation s birth. 



GENERAL ORDERS AND COURTS MARTIAL 



COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, AND OTHER DISTINGUISHED OFFICERS, 
IN 1776, 1777, AND 1778. 



"WILLIAMSBURG, April 1, 1776. 

For the future, the Quartermaster-general, the Commissary, and 
Wagonmaster, will attend regularly at head-quarters at 10 o clock, 
unless detached on public business a return to be given in of am 
munition, ordinance, &c. 

The General has observed that detachments of troops march into 
and out of town without the least ceremony, contrary to all mili 
tary customs and regulations. The Adjutant-general will post a 
sufficient number to prevent such irregularities in future. The field- 
officers of the day will be responsible that no party enter in or 
march out of the town without previously acquainting the General 
or commanding officer of the place. Field-officer for to-morrow 
Colonel Bucknor. On guard Captain Massie, Lieutenant Talie- 
ferro, Lieutenant Avery, Lieutenant Curd. 

By order, 

A. LEWIS, Brig. Gen. 

WILLIAMSBURG, April 4, 1776. 

The Continental Congress has appointed Thomas Bullitt Deputy 
Adjutant-general, with the rank of Lieutenant-colonel. He is to be 
obeyed and respected as such. The 6th regiment to be under arms 
to-morrow at 10 o clock. Major Green is the field-officer to-mor 
row. 

A. LEWIS, B. G. 



325 

, April 4, 1776. 

A subaltern and twenty-five men will take the guard at the point 
of Queen s Creek (now consisting of only a Sergeant and twelve 
men). The subaltern is to detach from his guard a Corporal and 
six men to the point of King s Creek, below Mr. Burwell s house. 
Sentinels must be placed on the point, to give notice of any tenders 
or enemy s vessels. This subaltern guard to be released weekly. 

THOMAS BULLITT, D. A. Gen. 

WILLIAMSBURG, May 3, 1776. 

As General Lee will remain here but a few days, all returns of 
guards, fatigues, and duties of every kind, will be given to General 
Lewis. The Captains of the different companies are desired to 
consign over to Captain William Green, Lieutenant Timothy Kelly, 
and Josiah Singleton, mate of the Roe galley, whatever men they 
have in their respective companies for sea and river service. 

William Russell is appointed Wagonmaster-general until the 
pleasure of Congress is known. 

It was established by General Washington, as a mark of distinc 
tion, that the general officers, aides-de-camp, and brigade-majors 
might be known to the soldiers, that a Major-general should wear a 
purple or blue ribbon, a Brigadier, a pink or light red, the Staff and 

Adjutant-general, a green, <fec, 

THOMAS BULLITT, D. A. Gen. 

,/_,- : 

WILLIAMSBURG, May 12, 1776. 

As the office of Quartermaster-general in all armies is an office 
of the highest trust and dignity, and generally honored with a rank 
in proportion to the trust ; and the present Quartermaster-general 
of the Continental army in Canada having the rank of Colonel, 
General Lee- thinks he shall not do justice to Mr. Finney, whose real 
activity and abilities, from his short acquaintance, gives him the 
greatest reason to recommend him to the Congress as a subject on 
whom they ought to confer some respectable rank. Mr. Finney, 
until further action of the Congress, is to hold rank as youngest 
Lieutenant-colonel in the army. 

CHARLES LEE. 



326 ORDERS FOR GUARD. 

MIDDLEBROOK, June 12, 1777 

The General thinks it necessary to establish the following regu 
lations for guard, and hopes that officers will consider them as 
the rule of practice, and make themselves well acquainted with 
them : 

When any guard arrives at the post assigned it, the officer s first 
care must be to place his sentinels properly, according to circum 
stances. The guard should remain under arms while this is doing, 
and if it be at an outpost, or anywhere near the enemy, temporary 
sentries should be placed at a small distance to avoid surprise while 
the commissioned officer reconnoitres the situation of the post to 
know where his sentries should be placed for a continuance. This 
is to be done in case the ground has not been beforehand exam 
ined, and particular direction given about the matter, or in case 
he does not relieve some other guard ; but if he relieves another, 
he is to receive all the orders given to the officer of the old guard, 
on receiving which, together with those he received from the brig 
adier and field-officers of the day, he is punctually to observe. If 
any difference between them arises, he is to obey the latter in pref 
erence. He is immediately to send a party under a trusty officer 
of the old guard to relieve the sentries thereof, who are to return 
to the guards they belong to. If the guard be of such a nature, 
as other matters, other than the security of the post, may be in 
trusted to it, they must be contained in a written report, and an 
officer of the new, accompanied by an officer of the old, must be 
sent to take them in charge, comparing the things themselves with 
the report, and seeing all is right. 

The sentries of the old guard having joined it, the officer is to 
march it back whence it came in the greatest order and decorum, 
then send off the detachments, under an officer to each, to join their 
corps, observing regularity on the way. After placing his sentries, 
the officer of the new guard is to make the men lodge their arms, 
first giving them the orders necessary to govern their conduct. 
Care must be taken to lodge their arms in such a manner that each 
man may have recourse to his own in a moment. In most cases 
it is best the arms should be grounded on the guard parade during 



ORDERS FOR GUARD. 32? 

the day. No man to put off his accoutrements on any pretence 
whatever. 

This done, the commanding officer, attended by a couple of men, 
is to visit all his sentries, to see that they are posted right, and in 
struct them in the line of their duty. His next care is to take 
such precaution for the security of his post by forming abatis, 
digging ditches, and raising parapets, as circumstances require. To 
guard against a surprise, or repel any sudden attack, he will make 
himself acquainted, not only with all the great roads leading to the 
enemy, or army he belongs to, but he should search out every by 
path and avenue, by which he may the more easily send his par 
ties to reconnoitre the enemy, and make his retreat good in any 
emergency. He should have scouting parties all day and patrols 
all night, going towards the enemy in his rear and on his flanks, 
to give intelligence of their motions, and timely notice of any at 
tempts they may be making. If the notice can be given without 
firing, it will be best ; if not, it must be done by firing the scouts 
and patrols retreating by way of the sentries to alarm them. 

Visiting rounds should be going all night to see that the sentries 
are at their posts, alert, and acquainted with every particular of 
their duty. 

The break of day being the most favorable time for an attack or 
surprise of a guard, officers will be careful not to turn out his guard 
until an hour after sunrise, and to have his visiting rounds and pa 
trols going more than ordinary. From watching through the 
night, they towards morning grow drowsy and listless, and are the 
more liable to a surprise. An officer s reputation calls for him to 
guard against this evil. 

A guard is bound to maintain their post as long as possible ; 
but if likely to be overpowered with numbers, it is best to make a 
skirmishing retreat, firing all the way it goes to give the alarm, 
and taking advantage of every defile, morass, wood, and every ad 
vantageous spot it can find, to delay the enemy. If the enemy do 
not pursue, but return after having dislodged the guard, it is to re 
sume the post, first taking measures to be sure all is safe. 

If two guards are so placed as to have the same object in view, 



328 OKDEKS FOE GTJAKD. 

and depend upon each other, they must be attentive to every thing 
that befall one another, and act in concert. If either is attacked, 
the other must not only put itself in a posture of defence,. but must 
keep patrols continually going, to bring intelligence of what is do 
ing. If the one attacked retreats, the other must retreat also ; if it 
returns, the other must in like manner. These things depend on 
circumstances, and the orders of the Brigadier-general and field- 
officers of the day ; and parties of whatever kind coming towards 
the out-guard are to be stopped by the out-sentries, and notice 
given to the guard, which in most cases is to be turned out, and the 
officer in most cases to send a proper person to examine such par 
ties, and give his orders accordingly. All flags must be stopped 
at the out-sentries, and the officer of the guard to meet them 
there. If they are charged with letters, or any matters that can 
be communicated to them, he is to receive them, and transmit 
them immediately to the Major-general of the day, and his orders 
receive. 

No officer or soldier is to sleep a moment on guard, and no cook 
ing to go on while on guard. The men must either carry their 
provisions ready dressed, or have them sent to them the former 
is preferable. No man is to presume to be out of call without per 
mission from the officer, who is not to suffer more than two to be 
absent at a time, nor those at the outposts. 

In cases of desertions from the outposts, the officer from whose 
party it happens is to immediately change the countersigns, adver 
tising the other out-guard, who are to conform thereto. He is also 
to send instantly to acquaint the Brigadier-general and field-officers 
of the day, and except the out-guards paying them honors due them 
according to their rank and the usages of war, the out-guards to 
turn out to the Brigadier-general and field-officers only. The hon 
ors with the drum never to be paid by them. All guards to turn 
out to receive the Grand Rounds the officer of each to prepare an 
evening report for the officer of the rounds. All guards when re 
lieved to make a report of every occurrence that may have hap 
pened to one of the field-officers of the day, who is to attend at or 
near the grand parade to receive it when it comes. Arms after this 



MODES OF PROMOTION. 329 

wet weather to be carefully inspected, and put in the best possible 
order for use. 

Brigade Commissaries are to receive their orders from the Com 
missary-general respecting the mode of supplying their respective 
brigades in case of a sudden move. The Assistant Quartermasters 
are to do the same with Colonel Biddle, that no complaint may 
arise on a march. Instead of delivering spare ammunition to each 
brigade, General Knox will furnish the divisions with it. In order 
to lessen the number of carriages and to convoy it more securely, if 
the Quartermaster could furnish each brigade with a proper num 
ber of scythes for foraging, the horses might be better provided for. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

JUNE 13, 1777. 

At a Court Martial, held the 9th instant, whereof Colonel Mar 
shall was president, Captain Jesse Roe was tried for insulting and 
ill-treating Mr. Coleclough, Conductor of Wagons, on the march 
from Morristown. Acquitted and justified by the Court. The Gen 
eral approves the decision, and orders Captain Roe to be released 
from his arrest with honor. 

He also approves the sentence of the same Court Martial, held 
the llth instant, before which Alexander Brandon, of the 1st Penn 
sylvania Regiment was tried for horse-stealing and acquitted. The 
prisoner to be immediately released from his confinement. 

Different modes of promotion having prevailed in the army, pro 
ductive of disorder and confusion in many instances, the Com- 
mander-in-Chief thinks it necessary to establish the following gen 
eral rule, to prevent all further disputes and inconveniences on this 
head. All commanding officers to rise regimentally, and according 
to seniority, until they arrive at the rank of Captain ; and from that, 
in the line of the State they belong to, by seniority also, until they 
obtain the rank of Colonel. This rule, however, to admit of excep 
tions, when particular officers signalize themselves by a conduct of 
extraordinary merit, or when others prove themselves unworthy of 
preferment by the want of, or neglect of cultivating, any quality 
requisite to constitute the good officer. 



330 DIVINE SERVICE IN CAMP. 

The following* men belonging to Captain Hollett s independent 
company having been sent to camp some time ago and annexed to 
some corps, the officer commanding the corps in which these men, 
or any of them, are now doing duty, is required to send a return of 
them to the Adjutant-general to-morrow morning, viz., Thomas 
Booker, Samuel Brown, Joseph Petitt, Isaac Green, Charles Clair, 
Laban Condon, William Caldwell, John Coddington. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 



JUNE 28, 1777. 

Major-general for to-morrow, . . . Stevens. 
Brigadier-general do. ... Woodford. 

( Lieut. Col. Nelson, 
\ Major Richardson. 

The usual regiments are to send for their tents, and pitch them 
where they are now posted. An Orderly Sergeant to attend at 
head-quarters, as usual. 

All chaplains are to perform divine service to-morrow, and on 
every other succeeding Sunday, with their respective brigades and 
regiments, when their situations will admit of it, and the command 
ing officers of corps are to see that they attend. The Commander- 
in-Chief expects an exact compliance with this order, and that it be 
observed in future as an invariable rule of practice, and every 
neglect will not only be considered a breach of orders, but a disre 
gard to decency, virtue, and religion. 

In future, when orders are received at General Weedon s quarters, 
the orderly-drum will beat the Adjutant s call, that the issuing them 
to the regiments may not be delayed. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 



JUNE 30, 1777. 

A special Court Martial will set to-morrow at 9 o clock, at the 
usual place, near General Wayne s quarters, for the trial of Major 
Stewart, of the 2d Maryland Regiment. Colonel David Hall is ap 
pointed president of the court. Jonathan Mifflin and Henry Eman- 



SENTENCES OF COURTS MARTIAL. 331 

uel Lutterloth are appointed Deputy Quartermasters-general, and 
Clement Biddle, Commissary of Forage. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, August 19, 1777. 

The following sentences of general Courts Martial, held the 7th, 
12th, and 16th inst., of which Colonel Sheldon was president, Ed 
ward Wilcox, Quartermaster to Captain Dorsey s Troop, charged 
with desertion, taking a horse belonging to Colonel Moylan s Regi 
ment, and a trooper with his accoutrements, found guilty, and sen 
tenced to be led round the regiment he belongs to on horseback, 
with his face towards the horse s tail, and his coat turned wrong- 
side outwards, and that he be then discharged from the army. The 
Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and orders it to be put 
into execution immediately. 

George Kilpatrick and Charles Martin, Sergeants, Lawrence 
Burne and Enoch Wells, Corporals, Daniel McCarty, Patrick Le- 
land, Philip Franklin, Jacob Baker, Thomas Orles, Adam Rex, 
Frederick Gaines, Daniel Kainking, Christian Longspit, Henry 
Winer, and Nicholas Walner, privates in Colonel Moylan s Regi 
ment of Light Dragoons, charged with mutiny and desertion, and 
adjudged worthy of death the court esteeming the prisoners, ex 
cept Sergeant Kilpatrick, objects of compassion, and as such recom 
mend them to the Commander-in-Chief, the General is pleased to 
grant them his pardon ; and the like reasons which led the court to 
recommend to mercy, joined with others, induces the General to 
grant this pardon to Sergeant Kilpatrick also. At the same time, 
the prisoners are to consider their crimes are of a very atrocious 
nature, and have by the Articles of War subjected themselves to the 
penalty of death. The remission of their punishment is a signal 
act of mercy in the Commander-in-Chief, and demands a very great 
and full return of fidelity, submission, and obedience, in any future 
military service which he shall assign them. The prisoners are to 
quit the horse, and enter into the foot-service, in the corps to which 
they shall be assigned. 

/ O 

Thomas Farshiers and George House, of Colonel Moylan s Regi- 



332 BATTLE OF BENNINGTON. 

ment, tried by same court, being charged with mutiny and deser 
tion, are found guilty, but some favorable circumstances appearing 
in their behalf, were sentenced to receive twenty-five lashes on their 
naked backs, and to be dismissed from horse-service ; the Com- 
mander-in- Chief approves the sentence, but for the reasons above 
referred to, and with the like expectations of amendment, remits the 
penalty of whipping. They will be disposed of in the foot-service. 

Thomas Runnals, of Colonel Moylan s Regiment, tried by the 
same court, being charged, is found guilty, and sentenced to suffer 
death ; the Cornmander-in-Chief approves the sentence, but the ex 
ecution of the prisoner is respited till further orders. 

Colonel Lawson having already had the command of the Fourth 
Regiment of Virginia, is to continue in the same command. 

Colonel Elliott is appointed to the command of the Sixth Vir 
ginia Regiment. 

General Greene s Division is to relieve the Provost s and Quarter 
master-general s guards this afternoon. The guards to parade by 
the cross-roads, at 5 o clock. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, August 22, 1777. 

The Commander-in-Chief has the happiness to inform the army 
of the signal victory obtained to the northward. A part of General 
Burgoyne s army, about 1500 in number, were detached towards 
New Hampshire, and advanced with a design to possess themselves 
of Bennington. Brigadier-general Starke, of the State of New 
Hampshire, with about 2000 men, mostly militia, attacked them. 
Our troops behaved in a very brave and heroic manner. They 
pushed the enemy from one work to another, thrown up on advan 
tageous ground, and from different posts, with spirit and fortitude, 
until they gained a complete victory over them. The following is 
a list of the prisoners, killed, and wounded, viz. : one Lieutenant- 
colonel, one Major, five Captains, twelve Lieutenants, four Ensigns, 
two Cornets, one Judge Advocate, one Baron, two Canadian officers, 
and three surgeons, thirty-seven British soldiers, three hundred and 
ninety-eight Hessians, thirty-eight Canadians, and one hundred and 



MARCH THROUGH PHILADELPHIA. 333 

fifty-one Tories taken prisoners. The number of the wounded, ex 
clusive of the above, is about eighty. The number of the enemy 
who had been slain had not been ascertained, but supposed to be 
about two hundred. Their artillery, consisting of four brass field- 
pieces, with a considerable quantity of baggage, likewise fell into 
our hands. 

Our loss consisted of about twenty or thirty killed, and perhaps 
fifty wounded. 

The army is to march to-morrow, if it should not rain, in the or 
der appointed General Greene first, then General Stevens, <fcc. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 



HEAD-QUARTERS, STANTON, NEAR GERMAN-TOWN, ) 
August 23, 1777. ) 

Major-general to-morrow, Lord Stirling. 

Brigadier-general do Scott. 

( Col. Gray son, 

Ufc Col. Genny. 

Brigade-major do Johnson. 

No officer or soldier is to leave the encampment this evening 
without leave in writing from the Major or Brigadier under whom 
he acts, and they are desired not to give such leave unless there is 
apparent cause for it. The army is to move precisely at 4 o clock 
in the morning, if it should not rain. The Division commanded by 
General Wayne is to join its proper place in the line, between Lord 
Stirling s and General Stevens Divisions, and it is strongly and 
earnestly enjoined upon the commanding officers of corps, to make 
all their men who are able to bear arms, except the necessary 
guards, march in the ranks, for it is so great a reflection when all 
orders are disobeyed, and to see such a number of street-rollers 
(for they cannot be called guards) with the wagons, that it is really 
shocking. 

The army is to march in one column through the city of Phila 
delphia, going in at and marching down Front-street to Chestnut, 
and up Chestnut to the Common. A small halt is to be made 



334: MARCH THROUGH PHILADELPHIA. 

about a mile this side of the city until the rear is clear up and the 
line in proper order. 

The divisions will march as follows : 

Greene s, Stevens , Lincoln s, and Lord Stirling s. 

The horse to be divided upon the two wings. Bland s and 

Baylor s Regiments on the right, and Sheldon s and Moy- 

lan s on the left. 

The following order of march is to be observed, viz. : 

First, a subaltern and twelve light-horse. 

Two hundred yards in the rear, a complete troop. 

Two hundred yards in the rear of the troop, the residue of 

Bland s and Baylor s Regiments. 
One hundred yards in the rear of these, a company of pioneers 

with their axes, &c., in proper order. 
One hundred yards in the rear of the pioneers, a regiment from 

General Muhlenberg s Brigade, and close in the rear of 

that regiment all General Muhlenberg s Field Artillery. 
This brigade followed by Weedon s, Woolford s, and Scott s in 

order, with all their field artillery in their respective fronts. 
Park of artillery, and the artificers belonging thereto, in the 

centre. 
Lincoln s and Lord Stirling s Divisions following, with all their 

brigade artillery in the rear of their respective brigades. 
A regiment from Lord Stirling s Brigade for a rear guard, and 

to be 150 yards from General Maxwell s Brigade. 
Sheldon s and Moylan s Horse, 150 yards in the rear of this 

regiment. 
One troop, 150 yards in the rear of this regiment of horse. 

The whole line is to march by sub-divisions at half-distance, the 
ranks six paces asunder, which is to be exactly observed in passing 
through the city, and great attention given by the officers to see 
that their men carry their arms well, and are made to appear as 
decent as circumstances will admit. 

It is expected that every officer without exception will keep his 



MARCH THROUGH PHILADELPHIA. 335 

post in passing through the city, and under no pretence whatever 
leave it ; and if any soldier shall dare to leave his ranks he shall 
receive thirty-nine lashes at the first halting-place afterwards. The 
officers will be particularly careful of the men, not only in their 
own divisions but in others also, if they should see an attempt of 
the kind. They are also to prevent the people from pressing on 
the troops. 

There is to be no greater space between the divisions, brigades, 
and regiments than is taken up by artillery, and is just sufficient to 
distinguish them. 

That the line of march through the city may be as little encum 
bered as possible, only one ammunition wagon is to attend the field- 
pieces of each brigade and every artillery park. All the rest of the 
baggage wagons and spare horses are to file off to the right, to avoid 
the city entirely, and move on to the bridge at the middle ferry and 
then halt, but not so far as to impede the march of the troops by 
preventing their passing them. 

Not a woman belonging to the army is to be seen with the troops 
on their march through the city. 

The Wagonmaster-general with all his assistants, together with 
the Division, Brigade, and Regimental Quartermasters, are to attend 
the wagons, and assist the field-officers appointed to that duty in 
preventing any men who are allotted to the wagons from slipping 
into the city. As the baggage will be but a little time separated 
from the column, a very few men will be sufficient to guard it, and 
the General wishes to have as many of them appear in the ranks in 
the line of inarch as are able. 

The baggage and spare artillery wagons of each brigade, together 
with the wagons of the artillery park, are to move with the same 
orders that the brigades, &c., do in the line, that they may more 
easily unite again when we have passed the city. 

The soldiers will go early to rest this evening, as the General ex 
pects the whole line will be on their inarch at the hour appointed. 
That this may be the case, each brigadier is to appoint patrols to 
take up all the stragglers from the camp, and all others of the army 
who do not obey this order. 



336 

The Director of the Hospital will order when the sick are to be 
sent. 

The drums and fifes of each brigade are to be collected in the cen 
tre of it, and a tune for the quick-step played, but with such mod 
eration that the men may step to it with ease, and without dancing 
along, or totally disregarding the music, as has been too often the 
case. 

The men are to be excused from carrying their camp-kettles to 
morrow. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, Sept. 6, 1777. 

The Commissary-general of Prisoners informs the commanding 
officers of regiments and other corps, that notwithstanding the or 
ders heretofore issued for the purpose, he has received but one small 
return of prisoners taken by the enemy since his appointment ; in 
consequence of which neglect it will be impossible for him in case 
of exchange, to pay proper attention to the orders of the different 
captains at the time. 

He further informs them that in future the prisoners will be ex 
changed according to the return made to him. 

As the baggage wagons are at all times a great encumbrance to 
the army, and would be particularly in a day of battle, they are in 
the latter case to be drawn off the field, that the army may not be 
in the least incommoded by them. It is besides a measure which 
common prudence dictates ; and whenever an action is expected, the 
Quartermaster-general will immediately wait on the Commander-in- 
Chief to receive his directions respecting them. 

From every information respecting the enemy s designs, and from 
their movements, it is manifest their aim is, if possible, to possess 
themselves of Philadelphia. This is their capital object. It is 
what they last year strove to effect, but were happily disappointed. 
They made a second attempt at the opening of this campaign, but 
after vast preparation and expense for the purpose, they abandoned 
their design and totally evacuated the Jerseys. They are now ma 
king their last effort. To come up the Delaware, it seems, was 
their first intention ; but from the measures taken to annoy them 



337 

in the river, they judged the enterprise that way too hazardous. 
At length they landed on the eastern shore of Maryland, some little 
way in the country, but the General thinks they will be again dis 
appointed in their views. Should they push their designs on Phil 
adelphia by this route, their all is at stake. They will put the con 
test on the event of a single battle. If they are overthrown they 
are utterly undone the war is at an end ! 

Now is the time for our most strenuous exertions. One bold 
stroke will free the land from rapine, devastation, and burning ; and 
female innocence from brutal lust and violence. 

In every other quarter the American arms have of late been rap 
idly successful. Great numbers of the enemy have fallen in battle, 
and still greater" numbers have been taken prisoners. The militia 
to the northward have fought with that spirit which would have 
done honor to old soldiers. They bravely fought and conquered ! 
Glory attended them ! Who can forbear to emulate their noble 
spirit ? Who is there without ambition to share with them the ap 
plauses of their countrymen and of all posterity, as the defenders of 
liberty, and precursors of peace and happiness to millions in the 
present and future ^generations ? Two years we have maintained 
the war and struggled with difficulties innumerable, but the pros 
pect has since brightened and our affairs put on a better face. Now 
is the time to reap the fruits of all our toils and dangers. If we be 
have like men, the third campaign will be our last. Ours is the 
main army. To us our country looks for protection. The eyes of 
all America and Europe are turned upon us as those by whom the 
event of the war is to be determined ; and the General assures his 
countrymen and fellow-soldiers that he believes the critical, the im 
portant moment is at hand which demands their most spirited ex 
ertions in the field. There glory waits to crown the brave ! Peace, 
freedom, and happiness will be the rewards of victory ! Animated 
by motives like these, soldiers fighting in the cause of innocence, 
humanity, and justice will never give way, but with undaunted res 
olution press on to conquest ! This the General assures himself is 
the part the American forces now in arms will act, and thus acting, 
he will insure their success. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

16 



338 

HEAD-QUARTERS, Sept. 6, 177Y. 

Major-general to-morrow, Lord Stirling. 

Brigadier-general do. Scott. 

Field-officer do. Col. J. Parker. 

Brigade-major do. Day. 

The General has no doubt that every man who has a due sense 
of the importance of the cause he has undertaken to defend, and 
who has any regard to his own honor and the reputation of a sol 
dier, will, if called to action, behave like one contending for every 
thing valuable. But if, contrary to his expectation, there shall be 
found any officers or soldiers so far lost to all shame as basely to 
quit their posts without orders, or shall skulk from danger, or offer 
to retreat before order is given for so doing from proper authority 
from a superior officer, they are to be instantly shot down as a just 
punishment to themselves, and for example to others. This order, 
those in the rear and those in the corps of reserve are to see duly 
executed, to prevent the cowardly from making a sacrifice of the 
brave, and by their ill example and groundless tales calculated to 
cover their own shameful conduct, prevent them from spreading 
terror as they go. That the order may be well known and strongly 
impressed on the army, the General positively orders the command 
ing officer of every regiment to assemble his men and have it read 
to them, to prevent the plea of ignorance. 

The General begs the officers to be attentive to all strange faces 
and suspicious characters who may be discovered in camp ; and if, 
upon examination of them, no good account can be given why they 
are there, to carry them to the Major-general for further examina 
tion. This is only a necessary precaution, to be done in a manner 
the least offensive. 

The general officers are to meet at five o clock this afternoon at 
the brick house by White Clay Creek. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

BRIGADE HEAD -QUARTERS, Sept. 6, 1777. 
Notwithstanding the repeated orders against plundering and 



BATTLE OF BRANDY WINE. 339 

burning fences, that abominable practice is still continued, to the 
eternal shame of the brigade. 

Complaints are made that the corn-fields are pillaged without 
restraint, the fence-rails burnt up, and many other outrages com 
mitted by soldiers. To prevent this in future, the officers are once 
more requested to attend more particularly to the behavior of the 
men under them, and to punish such as they may see with green 
corn, unless they can make it appear they bought it ; and any 
fence-rails they may see burning, the mess to which the fire belongs 
is to be made answerable. The suttlers are ordered to remove im 
mediately from the front of the encampment to some other 
place. 

The Quartermaster s Sergeant will immediately parade the C. C. 
men of their regiments, and cover up all the filth and nastiness in 
their respective fronts, and soldiers depositing any more but in the 
proper place will receive ten lashes on their bare backs. 

GEORGE WEEDON, Brig. Gen. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, GERMANTOWN, Sept. 13, 1777. 

Major-general for to-morrow, Sullivan. 

Brigadieivgeneral do. Weedon. 

( Col. Martin, 

Field-officers do ,_ . TT 

( Major Hay. 

Brigade-major do. Barber. 

The General, with peculiar satisfaction, thanks those gallant oft 
cers who on the llth inst. (battle of Brandywine) bravely fought in 
their country s cause. If there are any whose conduct reflects dis 
honor on soldiership and their names not pointed out to him, he 
must for the present leave them to reflect how much they have in 
jured their country, how unfaithfully they have proved to their 
fellow-soldiers ; but with this exhortation, that they embrace the 
first opportunity which may offer to do justice to both and to the 
profession of a soldier. 

Although the events of that day, from some unfortunate cir 
cumstances, were not so favorable as could be wished, the General 



34:0 GREENE S THANKS. 

has the satisfaction of assuring the troops that from every account 
he has been able to obtain the enemy s loss vastly exceeded ours, 
and he has full confidence that in another appeal to Heaven, with 
the blessing of Providence, which it becomes every officer and sol 
dier to supplicate, we shall prove successful. 

The honorable Congress, in consideration of the gallant beha 
vior of the troops on Thursday last, their fatigue since, and from a 
full conviction that on every future occasion they will manifest a 
bravery worthy of the cause they have undertaken to defend, hav 
ing been pleased to order thirty hogsheads of rum to be distributed 
among them, in such manner as the Commander-in-Chief shall di 
rect, he orders the Commissary-general of Issues to deliver one 
gill per day to every officer and soldier while it lasts. 

The commanding officer of each brigade, without delay, to send 
a number of active officers into the city and its environs to pick up 
and bring to camp all the straggling soldiers whom they may find, 
as well those belonging to other brigades as their own. Like 
wise a sergeant from each brigade to the brigade over the Schuyl- 
kill to direct the soldiers as they cross where to find their respective 
brigades. 

At roll-calling this afternoon the men are to be charged not to 
be out of drum-call of their respective brigades, under pain of death, 
nor the officers, as they value their service and dread cashiering. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, Sept. 13, 1777. 

The General takes the earliest opportunity to return his warmest 
thanks to the officers and soldiers of General Weedon s brigade en 
gaged in the late action for their spirited and soldierly behavior and 
conduct so worthy, under so many disadvantages, and cannot fail 
of establishing to themselves the highest military reputation. He 
thinks himself also under obligations to return his thanks to all 
other officers and soldiers of his division for their firmness and 
alacrity which they have discovered upon every occasion, in the 
course of the day, to engage with the enemy. Though we give 
them the ground, the purchase has been at much blood this be- 



MARCHING ORDERS. 341 

ing by far the greatest loss they ever met with since the commence 
ment of the war. 

The General recommends an immediate attention to be paid to 
the state of the arms and ammunition ; and that the arms be put 
in the best possible order, and the troops be furnished with a full 
supply of arms, and not less than forty rounds of cartridges per man. 

NATHANIEL GREENE. 

BRIGADE H. Q., Sept. 13, 1777. 

From the motions of the enemy it appearing to his Excellency 
that our service will for some time continue to be full as active as 
that we have lately experienced, he has, from that noble spirit 
which actuates his every movement, by which he wishes to share 
part in every hardship to which his army is exposed, divested him 
self and family of every species of baggage, save his blankets. 

The Brigadier therefore requests that, though the baggage of 
the brigade has now joined it, the officers will not think of carry 
ing any more clothing, &c., than they have hitherto had with them, 
as he is determined to follow the laudable example of his Excel 
lency. 

GEORGE WEEDON, Brig. Gen. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, GERMANTOWN, Sept. 14, 1777; 

The troops are to march to Swedes Ford in the following order, 
by subdivisions from the right, viz. : 

First, two-thirds of the Light Dragoons, from which their com 
manding officer will detach small parties in front, to re 
connoitre on the flanks to a considerable distance. 

Second, a Captain s command from General Smallwood s 
Brigade, 800 yards in their rear. 

Third, one regiment from same brigade, 200 yards in their. 

Fourth, the main body of the army 500 yards in their rear, 
in the following order, viz. : 

1st. General Sullivan s Division. 
2d. Lord Stirling s " 

5d. General Wayne s " 



342 

4th. Park of Artillery. 
5th. General Nash s Brigade. 
6th. General Stevens Division. 
7th. General Greene s " 

Fifth, the wagons with stores, hospital stores, and commis 
saries stores. 

Sixth, a rear guard of two regiments from Weedon s Brigade. 
Seventh, a Captain s command from these two regiments, at 

the distance of 200 yards. 
Eighth, the remaining third of the Light Dragoons, 500 yards 

from the foot. 

Ninth, a subaltern s command from these Dragoons, at the 
distance of 500 yards. 

The guards in front and rear, and each brigade, to send out 
small flanking parties on their left. The rear guard of foot, and 
the Light Dragoons, to pick up all stragglers. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, Sept. 15, 1777. 

In future, whenever the men are formed for action, the Sergeants 
are to be placed in the ranks on the flanks of subdivisions, that 
their fire may not be lost. 

The Brigadiers, or officers commanding regiments, are also to 
post some good officers in the rear, to keep the men in good order. 

If, in any time of action, any man who is not wounded, whether 
he has arms or not, turns his back on the enemy, and attempts to 
run away or retreat before orders are given for it, those officers are 
instantly to put him to death. The man does not deserve to live 
who basely flies, breaks his solemn engagement, and betrays his 
country. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, CAMP AT PENNYBACKER S MILL, > 
September 28, 1777. ) 

The Commander-in-Chief has the happiness again to congratu 
late the army on the success of the Americans to the northward. 
On the 19th inst. an engagement took place between General 



COL. BROWN CAPTURES THE BRITISH. 34:3 

Burgoyne s army and the left wing of ours, under General Gates. 
The battle began at 10 o clock, and lasted till night our troops 
fighting with the greatest bravery, not giving an inch of ground. 
Our loss is about 80 killed, and 200 wounded and missing. The 
enemy s is judged to exceed 1000 killed, wounded, and taken pris 
oners, and deserters declare that General Burgoyne, who command 
ed in person, was wounded in the left shoulder. The 62d Regi 
ment was cut in pieces, and the enemy suffered extremely in every 
quarter where they were engaged. Such was the ardor of our 
troops, that wounded men, after being dressed, returned to action. 

The Commander-in-Chief has further occasion to congratulate 
the troops on the success of a detachment of the northern army, 
under Colonel Brown, who attacked and carried several of the ene 
my s posts, and had got possession of several of the old French lines 
at Ticonderoga. 

Colonel Brown, in those severe attacks, has taken 293 prisoners 
of the enemy, with their arms, retaken more than 100 of our men, 
and taken 150 batteaux below the fall in Lake Champlain, and 50 
above the falls, including 1*7 gun-boats, and one armed sloop, be 
sides cannon, ammunition, &c., <kc. 

To celebrate this success, the General orders that at 4 o clock 
tliis afternoon all the troops be paraded and served with a gill of 
rum per man, and that at the same time there be discharges of 13 
pieces of artillery from the park. 

Major-general for to-morrow, Sullivan. 

Brigadier-general do. Scott. 

Brigade-major do. Peers. 

Picket-major do, ..... Dorson, 

. , * Col. Lamb, 

Field-officers do. -j ,, . ., 

| Maj. Mornll. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, Oct. 5, 1777, 

The Commander-in-Chief returns his thanks t& the generals and 
other officers and men concerned yesterday in the attack on the 
enemy s left wing, for their spirit and bravery, shown in driving tho 



344 BRIGADE OEDEES. 

enemy from field to field,* and although an unfortunate fog, joined 
with the smoke, prevented the different brigades from seeing and 
supporting each other, or sometimes even from distinguishing their 
fire from the enemy s, and some other causes, which as yet cannot 
be accounted for, they finally retreated, they nevertheless see that 
the enemy is not proof against a vigorous attack, and may be put 
to flight when boldly pushed. This they will remember, and as 
sure themselves that on the next occasion a proper exertion of the 
powers God has given them, and inspired by the cause of freedom 
in which they are engaged, they will be victorious. 

The Commander-in-Chief, not seeing the engagement with the 
enemy s right wing, desires the general officers to thank those 
officers and men who behaved with bravery. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, Oct. 6, 177Y. 

The commanding officers of regiments are, without delay, to send 
to the Provost for such of their men as have been tried and their 
sentences have been published. 

The battalion of militia from Virginia, commanded by Colone] 
Runna, is to be attached to General Scott s Brigade. 

Brigadier-general Pulaski will make returns of the horse as soon 
as possible. 

John Lawrence, Esq., appointed on the 6th of September as ex 
tra Aid-de-Camp to the Commander-in-Chief, is now appointed Aid- 
de-Camp to him, and is to be obeyed and respected as such. 

Thomas Mullans, Esq., appointed on the 3d inst. to act as Brigade- 
major to General Conway, is now, for his gallant behavior on the 
4th inst., appointed Brigade-major to General Conway, and is to be 
respected and obeyed as such. 

The commanding officers of corps are every morning to report 
their strength to the brigadiers or officers commanding, that it may 
be known daily what stragglers have joined. 

Buck-shot shall be put into all cartridges that shall be made 
hereafter. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 



Battle at and near Chew s House, or the Battle of Germantown. 



BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN. 345 

HEAD-QUARTERS, Oct. 7, 1777. 

The State Regiment from Virginia is to supply the place of the 
9th Virginia Regiment in General Muhlenberg s Brigade, and do 
duty there till further orders. 

John Fardon, of Colonel Hartley s Regiment, found guilty of the 
crime of desertion, and sentenced, by the general Court Martial, 
held 25th September last, to suffer death, is to be executed to 
morrow at 12 o clock. 

The situation of the army frequently not admitting of Divine 
Service on Sunday, the Chaplains of the army are forthwith to 
meet and agree upon some method of performing it at some other 
time, which method they will make known to the Commander-in- 
Chief. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

CAMP AT PERKIOMING, Oct. 7, 1777. 

The General returns his sincere thanks to the officers and sol 
diers in general of his division for their behavior at the battle of 
Germantown. Nevertheless, he has the mortification to hear some 
few behaved ill, who are arrested and reported to his Excellency. 
The General has the highest confidence in his division, and* in the 
spirit and good conduct of the officers. 

He, from the best information, has the mortification to assure 
the troops that they fled from victory ; and he wishes most ar 
dently that the troops may be convinced of the necessity of retreat 
ing and rallying likewise, and a partial retreat to change a position 
is often necessary, and therefore a particular retreat is not to be 
considered general without the order as such. 

Notwithstanding the fog deprived us of the opportunity of see 
ing how to conduct our own approaches at the enemy s confusion, 
and giving them a complete rout, which beyond a doubt we should 
have done if the weather had been clear, nevertheless he has the 
satisfaction to assure the troops that the enemy suffered very se 
verely. 

The arms and ammunition are to be put in order as soon as pos 
sible, and every thing got in readiness for attack or defence. 

NATHANIEL GREENE. 

T5* 



346 

HEAD-QUARTERS, TOAMENSING, Oct. 9, 1777. 

Brigadier-general Nash will be interred at 10 o clock this fore 
noon, with military honors, at the place where the road where the 
troops marched on yesterday comes into the great road. All of 
ficers, whose circumstances will admit of it, will attend and pay this 
respect to a brave man who died in defence of his country. 

The execution of John Fardon is postponed till to-morrow at noon. 

The general Court Martial,, whereof Colonel Brodhead was presi 
dent, is to sit to-morrow morning at 8 o clock, at the Horseman s 
tent, by the park of artillery. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, TOAMENSING, Oct. 10, 1777. 

The Chaplains of the army are to meet to-morrow at 12 o clock, 
in the rear of the park of artillery, for the purpose mentioned in 
general orders of the 7th inst. 

The Paymaster-general will attend to the business of his depart 
ment at General Weedon s quarters at Mr. Tinnis house. 

A Court of Inquiry, consisting of four members and Major-gen 
eral Lord Stirling, is to sit at 12 o clock to-day at the President s 
quarters, to examine into the conduct of Major-general Sullivan, in 
the expedition commanded by him against Staten Island in the 
month of August last. Major Taylor and other officers who can 
give information of this matter are to attend. But if the Court 
see cause to postpone the examination for want of evidence, after 
hearing what Major Taylor has to urge on that head, they are to do 
it accordingly. Gen. McDougall, Gen. Knox, Col. Spencer, and 
Col. Clark are the members. 

It is not for every officer to know the principles upon which 
every order is issued, and to judge how they may and may not be 
dispensed with or suspended, but their duty to carry them into ex 
ecution with the utmost punctuality and exactness. They are to 
consider that military movements are like the working of a clock, 
and will go equally, regularly, and easily, if every officer does his 
duty ; but without it, be as easily disordered, because neglect from 
any one, like the stopping of a wheel, disorders the whole. The 



SURRENDER OF BURGOYNE. 347 

General therefore expects that every officer will duly consider the 
importance of the observation, their own reputation, and the duty 
they owe to their country. He claims it of them, and earnestly 
calls upon them to do it, 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, TOAMENSING, Oct. 11, 1777. 

The Court of Inquiry, of which Lord Stirling is president, now 
sitting at the President s quarters, is to inquire into the conduct of 
Brigadier-general Wayne, viz. : that he had timely notice of the 
enemy s intentions to attack the troops under his command on the 
night of the 20th ult. ; and notwithstanding that intelligence he 
neglected making a disposition until it was too late either to annoy 
the enemy or make a retreat without the utmost danger and con 
fusion.* The President will give notice when the Court can enter 
on the inquiry, and when the parties and evidence are to attend. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, Oct. 15, 1777. 

The General has the repeated pleasure of informing the army of 
the success of the troops under the command of General Gates over 
General Burgoyne s army on the 7th inst. 

The action commenced at three o clock in the afternoon, between 
the pickets of the two armies, which were reinforced on both sides. 
The contest was warm, and continued till night with obstinacy, 
when our troops gained the advanced lines of the enemy, and en 
camped on that ground all night. The enemy fled and left behind 
them 330 tents, with kettles boiling with corn, 8 brass field-pieces, 
2 twelve and 6 six pounders, upwards of 200 dead, and the baggage 
of their flying army. General Frazer is among their slain. Our 
troops took 550 non-commissioned officers and privates prisoners, 



* The Court pronounced the conduct of General Wayne, on the occasion pf 
the attack referred to, " as every thing that was to be expected from an active, 
brave, and vigilant officer," and seemed to attach the blame to Colonel Hamp 
ton, who, by delay or misapprehension of orders, and an unskilful position of 
the troops, had exposed them to massacre. Irvin^s Life of Washington. 



34:8 RESOLVES OF CONGRESS. 

besides Sir Francis Caralback, Aid-de-Camp to General Burgoyne, 
and a Quartermaster-general, said to be Carleton s, the Command 
ing Officer of a Foreign Brigade, and an Officer of the British Gren 
adiers. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

HEAD-QUARTERS, VALLEY FORGE, May 18, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Patterson. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Cropper. 

Major, Conway. 

Brigade-major, Marvin. 

Inspector, from Learned s Brigade. 

The Commander-in-Chief has the pleasure to inform the army, 
that the Honorable Congress have been pleased to come to the fol 
lowing resolutions : 

"!N CONGRESS, May 15, 1778. 

"Resolved unanimously r , That all military officers commissioned 
by Congress, who now are, or hereafter may be, in the service of 
the United States, and shall continue therein during the war, and 
shall not hold any office of profit under these States, or any of 
them, after the conclusion of the war shall be entitled to receive for 
the term of seven years, if they live so long, one-half of the present 
pay of such officers, Provided, that no general officers of the cav 
alry, artillery, or infantry, shall be entitled to receive more than 
half the pay of the Colonel of such corps respectively ; and provided 
this resolution shall not extend to any officer in the service of the 
United States, unless he shall have taken the oath of allegiance to, 
and shall actually reside within some one of these United States. 

" Resolved unanimously, That every non-commissioned officer 
and soldier, who hath enlisted or shall enlist into the service of the 
United States for and during the war, and shall continue therein to 
the end thereof, shall be entitled to receive the further reward of 
80 dollars at the expiration of the war." 

The whole army are directed to prepare, in the best manner pos 
sible, for an immediate and sudden movement. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 



QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL S RETURNS. 349 

HEAD-QUARTERS, VALLEY FORGE, May 19, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Colonel, Greene. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Ballard. 

Brigade-major, Minnis. 

Commanding officers of regiments are to make returns to the 
Quartermaster-general of the number of tents absolutely wanting in 
each, for such men as cannot be accommodated consistently with 
their health and comfort in huts. It will be relied upon, in these 
returns, that none will make a larger demand than the real situation 
of their respective regiments requires. The Quartermaster-general 
will issue his orders on these returns. 

At a general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Bauman was presi 
dent, held the 13th inst, John Reynolds, artificer in Major Pollard s 
corps, tried for striking Lieutenant Hemmet, found guilty and sen 
tenced to receive 100 lashes, the Commander-in- Chief approves the 
sentence and orders it executed on the grand parade to-morrow 
at guard-mounting. 

Samuel Raymond, at the same court, tried for presenting a load 
ed musket at Lieutenant Hemmet ; upon due consideration the 
court are of opinion that he is guilty of the charge exhibited against 
him, but the extreme and unpardonable warmth with which the of 
ficers conducted themselves, renders the actions of the prisoner in 
some measure excusable, and operates with the court so strongly 
in his favor, that they only sentence him to be reprimanded by the 
commanding officer of the company to which he belongs. 

Also John Coffin, tried for abusing Captain Gowerly when at 
tempting to repress a riot on the other side of the Schuylkill, found 
not guilty and acquitted. 

The General approves the sentences, and orders them to take 
place immediately. 

The Brigade and Sub-Inspectors, Majors of Brigade, and Adju 
tants of the army, will assemble at the Baron Steuben s quarters, at 
10 o clock precisely, where they will receive particular orders. 



350 

A stray horse taken up in General Scott s Brigade. Inquire of 
Captain Killpatrick. Another in General Poor s Brigade. Inquire 
of Lieutenant Cherry. 

Also a number in Colonel Yan Schaick s New York Regiment, 
at Cuckoldstown. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

VALLEY FORGE, H. Q., May 21, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Yarnum. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Reed. 

Major, Moore. 

Brigade-major, McCormick. 

The Inspectors, &c., will attend at Baron Steuben s quarters to 
morrow, at the hour appointed in the orders of the 19th inst. 

If there are any persons in the army who understand making 
thin paper, such as bank-notes are struck upon, they are desired to 
apply immediately to the orderly office, where they will be shown 
a sample of the paper. Officers commanding regiments are to pub 
lish this in regimental orders. 

Mr. Yowles, Adjutant in the 9th Virginia Regiment, is appointed 
to do the duty of Brigade-major, in General Woodford s Brigade, 
until further orders. 

At a general Court Martial, the 15th inst., whereof Colonel Bow 
man was president, Captain Cleaveland of Colonel Michael Jackson s 
Regiment, tried for behaving in an unofficer-like manner in refusing 
to do a tour of duty when duly notified, found not guilty of the 
charge exhibited against him, and acquitted with honor. Although 
Captain Cleaveland ought not to have been warned for duty when 
returned sick, yet the General cannot applaud the spirit which ac 
tuated him in refusing obedience to a positive order, and declining 
a tour of duty of such a kind as might have been in all appearance 
easily performed by Captain Cleaveland in his circumstances. Cap 
tain Cleaveland is released from his arrest. 

At a Brigade Court Martial, whereof Lieutenant-colonel Cropper 
was president, Captain Edward Hull, of the loth Virginia Regi 
ment, tried for gaming, when he ought to have been on parade, 



SENTENCES OF COURTS MARTIAL. 351 

the 12th inst., unanimously found guilty of that part of the charge 
exhibited against him relative to gaming, but acquitted of non-at 
tendance on parade, and sentenced to be reprimanded by the com 
manding officer of the brigade, in presence of all the officers thereof. 

At the same court, Lieutenant Thomas Lewis, of the same regi 
ment, upon a similar charge, found guilty, and sentenced the same 
as Captain Hull. 

The Commander-in-Chief, however, unwilling to dissent from the 
judgment of a Court Martial, is obliged to utterly disapprove these 
sentences, the punishment, in his opinion, being entirely inadequate 
to the offence. A practice so pernicious in itself as that of gaming, 
so prejudicial to good order and military discipline, so contrary to 
positive orders, carried to so enormous a height as it appears, and 
aggravated certainly, in the case of Lieutenant Lewis, by an addi 
tional offence of no trifling military consequence absence from 
parade demanded a much severer penalty than simply a repri 
mand. 

Captain Hull and Lieutenant Lewis are to be released from arrest. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 22, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Bigadier-general, Scott. 

Brigade-major, Berrien. 

Colonel, Brewer. 

Major, Hopkins. 

The Auditor s office is removed to James Cloyd s, within a mile 
and a half of the Paymaster-general s quarters. 

At a general Court Martial, the 16th inst., of which Colonel 
Bowman is president, Lieutenant Edison, of the German Bat 
talion, tried for behaving in a manner unbecoming a gentleman and 
an officer, in abusing Colonel Nixon s family, unanimously found 
guilty of the charge exhibited against him, being a breach of Art. 
21, Sec. 14, Articles of War, and sentenced to be discharged from 
the service. The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and 
orders it to take place immediately. 



352 GENERAL ORDERS. 

At a Brigade Court Martial, the 18th inst., Major Wallis presi 
dent, Lieutenant Marks, of the llth Virginia Regiment, tried for 
not attending the parade on the 13th inst., and unanimously ac 
quitted of the charge with honor. 

Likewise, Lieutenant William Powell, tried upon the same 
charge, and acquitted in like manner. 

The General observes, that sickness or indisposition is certainly 
a sufficient excuse for not attending the parade, but it ought to be 
an established rule, to signify it either personally or in writing, 
through the Adjutant to the commanding officer of the regiment to 
which the officer concerned shall belong. These gentlemen, in not 
doing this, were deficient in the line of regularity and propriety. 
Hereafter the excuse shall not be admitted unless this rule be ob 
served, except where any particular circumstances render the ob 
servance impracticable, which can rarely happen. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 23, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Patterson. 

Colonel, Dayton. 

Brigade-major, Stagg. 

Till some further arrangement of the army is made, Major-general 
Lee is to take charge of the division lately commanded by Major- 
general Greene, and in case of action, or any general move of the 
army, the three eldest Major-generals present fit for duty, are to 
command two wings and the 2d line, according to seniority. 

Commanding officers of regiments and corps will immediately 
apply to the Commissary of Military Stores for all the arms and 
accoutrements wanting for their men. 

The Quartermasters of brigades will also make out returns, and 
apply for orders for ammunition to complete each man with forty 
rounds and two flints. 

All officers are called upon to see that their mens arms and ac 
coutrements are put in the best order possible. They will likewise 
take particular care that their men have wooden drivers fixed in 



BRIGADE COURT MARTIAL. 353 

their pieces at the hours of exercise, to prevent an unnecessary 
waste of flints. They are not to be absent from camp on any pre 
tence whatever, but be in actual readiness to march at a moment s 
warning . GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 24, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Colonel, Patton. 

Major, Sumner. 

Brigade-major, Bannister. 

The general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Bowman is presi 
dent, is dissolved. Another is ordered to set to-morrow morning 
at 9 o clock, to try all such prisoners as shall be brought before it. 
Colonel Chambers will preside. 

Each brigade will give a Captain for the court. All persons con 
cerned will attend. 

At a Brigade Court Martial, May 22, 1778, Lieutenant-colonel 
Cropper president, Lieutenant Davis, of the llth Virginia Regi 
ment, tried for encouraging a soldier to stay away from his regi 
ment, for refusing, when the soldier was sent for by a guard, to let 
him go to his regiment, and for speaking disrespectfully of the offi 
cer who sent the guard a second time ; upon mature deliberation, 
the court are of opinion that he is not guilty of speaking disrespect 
fully of the officer who sent the guard for Lieutenant Davis, though 
they are of opinion that his detaining the Sergeant was unwarrant 
able. But, considering that his error seems to have arose from 
what he thought was doing his duty, do acquit him. 

Lieutenant Davis is ordered to be released from his arrest. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 25, 1778. 
Officers for duty -to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Muhlenberg. 

Colonel, Swift. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Hubley. 

Brigade-major, Haskell. 



354 SENTENCES OF COURTS MAKTIAL. 

Inspector to be taken from Macintosh s Brigade. 

The Regimental Surgeons will apply to the Flying-hospital store 
for hog s lard and sulphur. They are to make their returns more 
punctually on Mondays. 

Several guns, packs, and cartridge-boxes, belonging to some sol 
diers in the army, are left at the orderly office. 

The Mustermaster-general and Commissary of Prisoners have re 
moved their quarters to Mr. Evans house, half a mile north of Sul 
livan s Bridge, near Perkioming Creek. 

The Regimental Paymasters will give in their abstracts to the 
Paymaster-general immediately for examination for the month of 
April. 

At a general Court Martial the 1st of May, of which Colonel Fe- 
biger was president, Lieutenant Adams of the 10th Pennsylvania 
Regiment, tried for " ungentlemanly behavior in propagating a re 
port that an officer of the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment had behaved 
cowardly in the action of Germantown, and when desired by Col 
onel Hubley to name the officer, for refusing to do it in an unbe 
coming manner," unanimously found guilty of the charge exhibited 
against him, being a breach of Art. 21, Sec. 14, Articles of War, and 
sentenced to be dismissed the service, the Commander-in-Chief ap 
proves the sentence, and orders it to take place immediately. 

Signals will be given this afternoon in manoeuvering by a small 
field-piece. This notice is given to prevent an alarm. 

Lieutenant Ford is appointed to do duty as Adjutant in Colonel 
Lamb s Regiment of New York Artillery, and is to be respected 
and obeyed accordingly. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 26, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Poor. 

Colonel, Grayson. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Weisenfels. 

Brigade-major, Learned. 

Inspector to be taken from Woolford s Brigade. 



REGIMENTAL RETURNS. 355 

The Commander-iu-Chief, perceiving that the regimental returns 
materially differ in the number of sick absent, from the hospital re 
ports, notwithstanding these were lodged with the Adjutant-general 
that the regimental returns might be rectified and adjusted by them, 
calls upon the commanding officers of regiments to make returns 
to-morrow to the Adjutant-general, specifying the names of all their 
sick absent, the places where they are, and the times they were sent 
to them, that the difference above mentioned may be satisfactorily 
accounted for. In doing this, the strictest regard is to be paid to 
the hospital reports. 

An Independent Corps, commanded by Captain Selin, are imme 
diately to bury the offal and carrion near the Black Bull. 

The Commissary-general of the Staff will in future apply to the 
commanding officer of that corps for a party to bury any offal 
which may be near his stall. 

A subaltern, sergeant, corporal, and eight men, with the Commis- 
missary of each brigade, are to be sent immediately into the vicin 
ity of their respective brigades to seize the liquor they may find in 
the unlicensed tippling-houses. 

The Commissaries shall give receipts for the liquor they seize, 
and notify the inhabitants, or persons living in the vicinity of camp, 
that an unconditional seizure will be made of all liquors they shall 
presume to sell in future. 

A flag goes to Philadelphia to-morrow. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 27, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Varnum. 

Lieutenant-colonel. Read. 

Major, Murray. 

Brigade-major, Ten Eyck. 

Inspector, from Scott s Brigade. 

The commanding officers of regiments are to make retur t ., on 
Friday next of the arms that were in possession of their respective 
corps on the 1st November last, of all they have since delivered in, 



356 COL. OSWALD PRESIDENT. 

of those they have since drawn, and of those now in actual posses 
sion. It is expected they always have exact accounts kept of arms, 
clothing, camp utensils, &c., furnished their men, as they must be 
responsible for their due application. 

Major-general Mifflin, having been permitted by Congress to re 
pair to, and serve in this army, is to take the command of the di 
vision late Lincoln s. 

The field-officers of regiments who have drawn money from any 
of the public offices for recruiting their respective corps, are de 
sired as soon as possible to furnish the Auditors of the Army with 
lists of money advanced by them to their officers for that service. 

Captain Turberville is appointed Aid-de-Camp to Major-general 
Lee till further orders, and is to be respected accordingly. 

Officers are to see that the mud plastering around the huts be 
removed, and every other method taken to render them as airy as 
possible. They will also have the powder of a musket cartridge 
burnt in each hut daily to purify the air, or a little tar if it can be 
procured. The Commissary of Military Stores will provide blank 
cartridges for that purpose. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 27, 1778. 

A general Court Martial, of which Lieutenant-colonel Eleazer Os 
wald is appointed president, will sit to-morrow at 9 o clock at the 
President s quarters, for the trial of such prisoners as shall be 
brought before them. Captains Wilkerson, Eustis, Von Heer, 
Kingsbury, Captain-lieutenant McClure, two subalterns from Colo 
nel Crane s Regiment, two from Colonel Lamb s Regiment, and two 
from Col. Proctor s Regiment, are appointed members ; and Cap 
tain-lieutenant Ebenezer Finley, Judge- Advocate. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 28, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Scott. 

Colonel, Irvine. 



COL. KEGNIER S RANK. 357 

Lieutenant-colonel, Bassett. 

Brigade-major, Johnson. 

Inspector, from 1st Pennsylvania Brigade. 

Commanding officers of brigades, in pursuance of former orders, 
to hold themselves in readiness to march, are to apply immediately 
to the Quartermaster-general for a sufficient number of wagons to 
transport their baggage, and are to have their respective brigades 
supplied as completely as possible with camp utensils and neces 
saries of every kind requisite towards taking the field. 

The Commissary will have a quantity of hard-bread and salt 
meat prepared to issue to the army when called for. As we may 
expect at every moment to march the army, it is to be prepared in 
all respects for that purpose. 

Guards of every kind are constantly to hold themselves in a col 
lected state with their accoutrements on, and ready to act at a mo 
ment s warning. The General forbids all exercise and diversions, 
such as cause them to disperse and put off their accoutrements, 
which is equally inconsistent with their safety and good dis 
cipline. 

A Board of general officers is to set to-morrow morning at 10 
o clock, at General Lee s quarters, to examine into Lieutenant- 
colonel Regnier s claim of rank in the New York Line, and re 
port their opinion thereon. The other Lieutenant-colonels of that 
line are to attend. The Commander-in-Chief will lay before the 
Board the memorial presented by Lieutenant-colonel Regnier, with 
other papers. 

A Court of Inquiry will set to-morrow, to examine into the con 
duct of Lieutenant-colonel Parks, reported to have been absent 
from camp without leave, and to have been negligent in his duty. 
All persons concerned will attend. Colonel Johnson is appointed 
president. Colonel Parker, Lieutenant-colonel Bunner, Lieutenant- 
colonel Starr, and Major Fenner, will attend as members, at the 
President s quarters, at 9 o clock to-morrow morning. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON 



358 SENTENCES OF COURTS MAKTIAL. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 29, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Huntington. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Burr. 

Major, Stelle. 

Brigade-major, Seely. 

Inspector, from 2d Pa. Brigade. 

The commanding officers of regiments and corps are not, under 
any pretence whatever, unless duty requires it, to permit their offi 
cers or men to be absent from camp, that they may be ready to 
march at an hour s warning. 

At a general Court Martial, Colonel Chambers president, the 
25th inst., Captain Medaras, of the North Carolina Brigade, tried 
for forgery. After mature deliberation, the court are of opinion 
that Captain Medaras is guilty of the charge exhibited against him, 
but as he could not have been actuated by motives self-interested 
or injurious to Captain Jones, the gentleman whose name he sign 
ed, and as he had been before perfectly acquainted with Captain 
Jones sentiments, the court thinking his crime, though he is yet 
truly blameworthy, alleviated by these circumstances, do sentence 
him to be reprimanded in general orders. 

The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and is much 
concerned to find that an officer in this army should presume to 
sign a brother officer s name without his permission. Captain 
Medaras is ordered to be released from his arrest. 

At the same court, William Whiteman, wagoner, tried for de 
sertion, and sentenced to receive sixty lashes, is approved, and or 
dered to be put into execution to-morrow morning on the grand 
parade, at guard-mounting. 

Also, John Clime, of the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment, tried for 
desertion and attempting to escape to the enemy, and for stealing a 
horse, found guilty of both charges, and sentenced to receive 200 
lashes, 100 for each crime. The General approves the sentence, 
and orders it put into execution this evening at roll-call, at the head 
of the regiment to which he belongs. 

Also, John Wood, Sergeant in the 8th Pennsylvania Regiment, 



A REWARD OFFERED. 359 

tried for desertion and attempting to fly to the enemy, acquitted, 
and ordered to be released from confinement. 

On the night of the 27th inst., James Barry, an inhabitant, was 
robbed of 160, Continental money, thirteen hard dollars, a dia 
mond ring, silver spoons, buckles, gold buttons, a sword, and some 
valuable mens and womens wearing apparel, and many other 

articles. 

FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD 

Will be given to any person that will discover the robbers, that the 
owner may recover his articles. All officers are desired to order 
the strictest inquiry to be made, that the villains may be broughl 
to justice, as it is supposed they belong to the army. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 



H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 30, 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, ......... Patterson. 

Colonel, ............ Bradley. 

Brigade-major, .......... Marshall. 

Inspector, from Poor s Brigade. 

The commanding officers of brigades are to appoint a sufficient 
number of proper officers to be left in charge of the sick, and such 
others of their respective brigades as will be unable to march with 
them, in case the army moves from the present camp. 

The Regimental Surgeons will make out and lodge with the Sur 
geon-general of the Flying Hospital, exact returns of the sick be 
longing to theifc regiments who shall be left in camp when the army 
marches. 

The Board of general officers, held agreeable to the general or 
der of the 28th inst., have made the following report, viz. : The 
claims of Lieutenant-colonel Regnier and the other Lieutenant- 
colonels of the State of New York, respecting their standing in rank, 
being considered, the Board are of opinion that Lieutenant-colonel 
Regnier will take rank of those gentlemen on Courts Martial de 
tachments on all duties from the line, but that the command as 
signed him must be in the line of the State, for notwithstanding 



360 SENTENCES OF COURT MARTIAL. 

Lieutenant-colonel Regnier s rank as Lieutenant-colonel was antece 
dent to theirs in the line, yet his appointment in that State was 
posterior. The Commander-in-Chief approves the above report. 

At a Brigade General Court Martial, May 27, 1778, Lieutenant- 
colonel Cropper president, Captain Hull, of the loth Virginia 
Regiment tried, first, for being so far elevated with liquor when 
on the parade for exercising on the 14th inst., as rendered him in 
capable of doing his duties with precision ; 2dly, for accusing Lieu 
tenant Samuel Jones of not deposing the truth when called on oath 
to depose against him on the 18th inst., acquitted of the first 
charge, but found guilty of the second, and sentenced to be repri 
manded by the commanding officer of the brigade, in presence of 
all the officers therein. Captain Hull is ordered to be released 
from his arrest. 

At a general Court Martial, May 28, 1778, Colonel Chambers 
president, Ensign James Walker, of Colonel Gist s Regiment, tried, 
first, for deserting a wagon he had in his charge at the appearance 
of one of our Light Horse, and losing his party in his flight ; 2dly, 
for telling several falsehoods in relating the event, when returning 
to camp : unanimously found guilty of the charges exhibited against 
him, being breaches of Art. 5, Sec. 18, and Art. 21, Sec. 14 of the 
Articles of War, and sentenced to be cashiered. The Commander- 
in-Chief approves the sentence, and orders it to take place imme 
diately. 

At the same court, John Lewis, of Colonel Angel s Regiment, 
tried for threatening to take the lives of several officers of that regi 
ment, found guilty, and sentenced to receive 60 laches approved, 
and ordered to be put into execution at roll-call this evening, at the 
head of the regiment he belongs to. A quantity of Continental 
currency, lately found in the hands of Lieutenant Dexter of Colonel 
Angel s Regiment. The owner may receive the same by proving 
his property. 

Colonel Crane s Regiment of Artillery is to be mustered on Mon 
day next at 10 o clock, Colonel Lamb s and Colonel Proctor s at 
the same hour on Tuesday, and Colonel Harrison s on Wednesday. 
The officers will be careful to have their muster-rolls made out cor- 



GENERAL ORDERS. 361 

rectly, and see that their men have their blankets neatly rolled up, 
as they must parade with them on. 

Captain Brown s and Captain Dorsey s Companies of Maryland 
Artillery are annexed to Colonel Harrison s Regiment, with which 
they are to do duty till further orders. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, May 31, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Livingston. 

Do. do Miller. 

Brigade-major, Marvin. 

Inspector, from Glover s Brigade. 

The Second State Regiment of Virginia is for the present to be 
annexed to General Muhlenberg s Brigade ; and Col. Van Schaick s 
Regiment, till further orders, is in like manner to be joined to the 
Second Pennsylvania Brigade, in lieu of the Eighth Pennsylvania 
Regiment, which is to be detached on other service. 

A Surgeon from each brigade is to remain in camp to attend the 
sick which shall be left behind, under the direction of Dr. Hut- 
chinson, till relieved by surgeons from the General Hospital, when 
they are to immediately join their respective regiments. 

Men with the small-pox, or under inoculation, are to be compre 
hended in the number of the sick. 

Commanding officers of regiments will assist the regimental sur 
geons in procuring as many women of the army as can be prevailed 
on to serve as nurses to them, for which they will be paid the usual 
price. Orderlies are also to be left, one to every 20 sick men, who 
are to be such as, for want of clothing, from lameness, and the like, 
are least fit to march with the army, but at the same time capable 
of this duty. A commissary is likewise to be left to supply the 
sick with provisions. A commissioned officer to every 50 men is 
to remain, and a field-officer to superintend the whole. 

The arms of the sick in each regiment are to supply, as far as ne 
cessary, the deficiency of those unfit for duty. If any remain, they 
are to be left in care of the officer who stays with the sick. Tb 

16 



SENTENCES OF COURT MARTIAL. 

vaults are to be well covered before the brigades leave the 
ground. 

Commanding officers of divisions, and all others, are to pay the 
strictest attention that no woman be suffered, on any pretence, to 
get into the wagons of the army on the march. 

Some hospital tent-poles were delivered at the Quartermaster- 
general s store through mistake. Those who have them in posses 
sion are desired to return them immediately. 

At a Brigade Court Martial, whereof Lieutenant-colonel Oswald 
was president, the 28th, 29th, and 30th inst., Sergeant John Nevil, 
of Colonel Lamb s Regiment, tried for losing a bullock by neglect, 
when Sergeant of the commissary s guard, was by them unanimous 
ly acquitted. 

Jonathan Gill, of Capt. Brown s Company, tried for drunkenness 
at his post, plead guilty and was sentenced to receive 50 lashes. 

James Whaling, Drummer of Colonel Proctor s Regiment, tried 
for desertion and attempting to get into Philadelphia, plead guilty. 
The court, in consideration of his youth, and his having received no 
pay or bounty except some clothes, as appeared from CoL Proctor s 
evidence, do sentence him to receive only 30 lashes. 

Michael Nash, of Captain Kingsbury s Company, tried for drunk 
enness on duty and absenting himself from his guard, plead guilty, 
and sentenced to receive 50 lashes. 

John Gibbons, of Col. Proctor s Regiment, tried for absenting him- 
self from camp without leave, wais sentenced to receive 50 lashes. 

The General approves the sentences, and orders Sergeant NeviU 
to be released from his confinement. 

Some circumstances appearing in favor of James Whaling, the 
&0 lashes are remitted. The punishment ordered the others is to 
be inflicted to-morrow morning at guard-mounting, at the head of 
the regiments to which they respectively belong. 

The Court Martial, whereof Lieutenant-colonel Oswald is presi 
dent, is dissolved. GEORGE WASHINGTON.. 



ORDER OF MARCH. 363 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 1, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Muhlenberg. 

Colonel, Wigglesworth. 

Major, Church. 

Brigade-major, Minuis. 

Inspector, from Learned s Brigade. 

Colonel Courtlandt is appointed to tarry in camp to superintend 
the sick left on the ground when the army moves, and to send on 
the recovered men properly officered to join their respective corps ; 
and Major Marvin will repair to the Yellow Springs and the hospi 
tals near camp, and superintend the sick there. They will apply to 
the orderly officer to-morrow for written instructions. 

The following will be observed as a standing model for the order 
of march, whether of the whole army, a division, brigade, or battal 
ion. It may happen that some changes may be necessary in the 
strength and number of the advanced, rear, and flank guards, and 
in the relative distances to each other and to the main body, &c., 
which are to be determined according to particular circumstances, 
and which the officers commanding will judge of; but the general 
principles and rules here laid down, are in all cases to be practised, 
only with such variations in applying them as different situations 
may require. 

When a battalion receives orders to march, each company forms 
before its own quarters; the Captain, having inspected into their 
arms and accoutrements, conducts it to the regimental parade, where 
the field-officers inspect the whole, form each battalion into eight 
platoons for charging, agreeable to instructions given, and march it 
by platoons to the rendezvous. When only one battalion marches, 
the Colonel orders out an advanced and rear guard, each consisting 
of one lieutenant, three non-commissioned officers, one drummer, 
and twenty privates. 

A brigade composed of several battalions, has an advanced and 
rear guard, each consisting of one captain, two subalterns, six non 
commissioned officers, and forty or fifty privates. 



364 ORDER OF MARCH. 

When several brigades march together, each brigade furnishes a 
proportionate number for the advanced and rear guards. 

When the whole army marches, the new guards of the day form 
the advanced guard, and the old ones the rear guard. The new 
guards being assembled on the grand parade, the Brigadier of the 
day forms them into a battalion of eight platoons, and the eldest 
field-officer of the day takes the command of it and marches at the 
head of the column. The Brigadier of the preceding day, having 
assembled the old guards, forms them in the same manner, the eld 
est field-officer taking the command and marching in the rear of the 
column. The advanced guard should be from 50 to 200 paces in 
front of the column ; each advanced guard should send forward a 
detachment to serve as an advanced guard to itself, and this de 
tachment should also send out a patrol in front of the others, thus : 
one captain, two subalterns, six non-commissioned officers, one 
drummer, and fifty men, will send out a non-commissioned officer 
and twelve men, and that non-commissioned officer will also advance 
four men in his front. An advanced guard of one lieutenant and 
twenty men, will advance one non-commissioned officer and eight 
men, who will also advance two men in his front. The rear guard 
will also observe the same rules, sending its detachments in the rear 
as the advanced guard does in front. 

When a brigade, division, or the whole army marches by the 
right, it is supposed the enemy is on the left, and the contrary. 
Each battalion will therefore send out on the flank exposed to the 
enemy one subaltern, two non-commissioned officers, and sixteen 
men, as a flank-guard, who will march in a platoon by files from 
the right opposite the centre of the battalion, at the distance of 
eighty or one hundred yards from the column. 

When the army marches in two columns, the right column has 
its flank-guard on its right, and the left column on its left. 

When the army marches in one column, and the position of the 
enemy is uncertain, guards must be sent on both flanks. The ad 
vanced, rear, and flank guards must always have their bayonets 
fixed. 

Whenever the ground will permit, the battalions must march by 



ORDER OF MARCH. 365 

platoons. During the march, each colonel must stay before his bat 
talion, and each captain and subaltern before his platoon : the inter 
vals between the battalions and platoons must be strictly observed 
during the march. 

When there is a creek or defile to pass, the brigadiers must stop 
till their brigades have passed, and the colonels till their respective 
battalions have passed. They will take care that the men pass with 
as large a front and as quick as possible. 

The advanced guards having passed, the defile should take such 
a situation as to be able to see all around, and shall send out pa 
trols 500 paces around. The head of the column will halt before 
it enters the defile, to let the platoons get half-distance, and when 
half the column gets through, it halts till the whole has passed, and 
then continues its march. 

When the road will not permit marching by platoons, the march 
is to be made by four in front, in the following manner, viz. : Each 
officer will divide his platoon into sections ; for example, a platoon 
of sixteen files makes four sections. They will break off by the 
right or left, each section two paces from the other, and continue 
the march. If a platoon has fifteen files, the last section will have 
three files ; if fourteen, the last will have four men in one rank ; if 
thirteen files, the last will have five files. 

When marching in this order by the right, the officers command 
ing platoons will be on the left of the first section ; the sergeant 
stays in his place on the right, and the officers and non-commis 
sioned officers who were in the rear will be on the right flank. If 
they march in this order by the left, the commissioned officer of 
the platoon remains on the right of the first section, and the others 
on the left flank, so that by wheeling the sections the platoons will 
be formed, and each officer and non-commissioned officer will be in 
his place. 

During the march each officer must keep his platoon in order ; 
the officers and non-commissioned officers in the rear must prevent 
the soldiers from leaving the rank on any account. If the soldiers 
have occasion for water, the officer must send a non-commissioned 
officer with some men to fill their canteens, and the non-commis- 



366 SENTENCE OF COURT MAKTIAL. 

sioned officer must bring them back to their platoons immediately. 
The flank-guard will never suffer any non-commissioned officer or 
soldier to pass them during the march, and the rear-guard will take 
care to bring up all stragglers. 

A brigade Court Martial is to sit to-morrow morning at nine 
o clock, at a tent near the General s house, for the trial of such pris 
oners as shall be brought before them. Lieut. Colonel Du Plissis 
is appointed president, Captain Cook, Capt. Lieut. Powers, Capt. 
Lieut. Coltman, two Captain-lieutenants from Colonel Harrison s 
Regiment, two subalterns from Colonel Crane s, one from Colonel 
Lamb s, one from Colonel Proctor s, and two from Colonel Harri 
son s Regiments, are the members of the court ; and Capt. Lieut. 
Duffy, Judge-advocate. 

After Order. The order for a general Court Martial, of which 
Lieutenant-colonel Du Plissis was appointed president this day, is 

countermanded. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 2, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Poor. 

Colonel, Bowman. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Beauford. 

Brigade-major, Claiborne. 

Inspector, from Patterson s Brigade. 

At a general Court Martial, of which Colonel Chambers was pres 
ident, May 29, 1778, Lieutenant-colonel Gray, of the 12th Pennsyl 
vania Regiment, tried for ungentlemanlike behavior in entering into 
private contracts with the soldiers of his regiment for the defi 
ciency of rations, by which means, and other unwarrantable prac 
tices, the soldiers are defrauded of a considerable sum of money, 
found guilty of the charge exhibited against him, being a breach of 
Art. 21, Sec. 14 of the Articles of War, and sentenced to be cash 
iered ; and agreeable to Art. 22, Sec. 14, his name, place of abode, 
crime, and punishment, be published in the newspapers in anu 
ground camp, and of that particular State from which he came, or 



A SPY TO BE HANGED. 367 

in which he usually resides. The Cornmander-in-Chief approves 
the sentence, and orders it to take place. 

At the same court, Lieutenant Webb, of the 7th Virginia Regi 
ment, was tried for " disobedience of orders, for going on duty in a 
hunting-shirt, after confessing he had a coat ; and being desired 
that if he had no regard to his own appearance to have some for 
the credit of his regiment, and therefore to not appear in an unof- 
ficerlike manner," found guilty, and sentenced to be reprimanded 
by the officer commanding the regiment to which he belongs, in 
presence of the officers thereof. 

The General approves the sentence, and orders it to be put into 
execution to-morrow morning at roll-call. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 8, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, ...,,... Varnum. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Regnier. 

Major, Porter. 

Brigade-major, McCormick. 

Inspector, from Weedon s Brigade. 

Thomas Shanks, on full conviction of his being a spy in the ser 
vice of the enemy, before a Board of general officers held yesterday, 
by order of the Commander-in-Chie^ is adjudged worthy of death. 
He is therefore to be hanged to-morrow morning at guard-mount 
ing, at some convenient place near the grand parade, 

At a general Court Martial, the 1st inst, Colonel Chambers presi 
dent, Lieutenant Toomy, of Colonel Gist s Regiment, attached to the 
Third Maryland Brigade, tried for disobedience of orders, found 
guilty, and sentenced to be reprimanded by the commanding officer 
of the brigade, in presence of the officers of the brigade to which 
he belongs. The Commander-in- Chief approves the sentence, and 
orders it to take place to-morrow morning at roll-call. 

When commissions shall be issued to fill the vacancies in the 
corps of artillery, they will be dated at the time the vacancies hap 
pened, according to the usual method. 



368 RESOLVE OF CONGRESS. 

Officers commanding pieces of artillery are to be very careful 
that no wagoners are, on any pretence whatever, suffered to lodge 
in their wagons. Any one found sleeping in a wagon will be pun 
ished, and the officer to whom such wagon shall belong shall be 
called to a severe account. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 4, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, . Scott. 

Lieutenant-colonel, . ........ North. 

Major, Hawes. 

Brigade-major, Berrien. 

Inspector, from Muhlenberg s Brigade. 

The following resolve of Congress, the operation of which has 
heretofore been prevented by the particular circumstances of the 
army, is in future to be punctually observed: 

" IN CONGRESS, Nov. 19, 1776. 

" Resolved, That on any sick or disabled non-commissioned officer 
or soldier being sent to any hospital or sick quarters, the captain or 
commandant of the troop or company to which he belongs, shall 
send to the surgeon or director of the said hospital, or give to the 
non-commissioned officer or soldier, so in the hospital or quarters, a 
certificate countersigned by the paymaster of the regiment (if he be 
with the regiment), of what pay is due to such non-commissioned 
officer or private at the time of his entering the hospital or quar 
ters, and the captain or commandant of the troop or company shall 
not receive the pay of the said soldier in hospital or quarters, or 
include him in any pay-abstract during his continuance therein. 
And in case any non-commissioned officer or soldier shall be dis 
charged from the hospital or quarters as unfit for further service, a 
certificate shall be given him by the surgeon or director of what 
pay is then due to him, and the said non-commissioned officer or 
soldier so discharged shall be entitled to receive his pay at any pay 
office, or from any paymaster in the service of the United States 
the said paymaster keeping such certificate to prevent impositions, 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL FLEUKY. 369 

and giving the non-commissioned officer or soldier his discharge, or 
a certified copy thereof, mentioning at the same time that he has 
been paid. That this resolution be transmitted to the Commanders- 
in-Chief in the several departments, to be by them given out in or 
ders, and then delivered to the directors of the hospitals in each 
department, who are to cause the same to be fixed up in some con 
spicuous place or places in every military hospital, for the informa 
tion of all concerned." 

The commanding officers of regiments are immediately to make 
returns to the Commissary of Military Stores, of the arms actually 
wanting in their respective corps to complete the number of men 
fit for duty in each, agreeable to which the Commissary is further 
to issue the arms now in store. 

All persons whatever are forbid selling liquor to the Indians. If 
any sutler or soldier shall presume to act contrary to this prohibi 
tion, the former will be dismissed from camp, and the latter receive 
severe corporeal punishment. 

On the march, Lieutenant-colonel Fleury will be attached to 
General Lee s Division, Lieutenant-colonel Davis to General Lord 
Stirling s, Lieutenant-colonel Barber to General Mifflm s, Major 
Ternant to General Marquis De Lafayette s, Lieutenant-colonel 
Brooks to General Baron De Kalb s, and as they will not be em 
ployed on the inarch in exercising or maneuvering the troops, they 
are to fill the office of Adjutant-general, each in his respective 
division. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 5, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Huntington. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Vose. 

Major, Peters. 

Brigade-major, Stagg. 

Inspector, from late Conway s Brigade. 

A Court of Inquiry, whereof Colonel Wigglesworth is appointed 
president, will set to-morrow morning at 9 o clock, at the President s 

16* 



370 HORSES TAKEN. 

quarters, at the request of Lieutenant-colonel Du Plissis, to inquire 
into his conduct, on the different occasions mentioned in a letter 
from the Commander-in-Chief to Congress in his behalf, and into 
the truths of the facts on which the representations contained in it 
were founded, and of the several matters urged by the officers of 
artillery to the contrary, in a letter from them to the Commander- 
in-Chief. All persons concerned will attend. Lieutenant-colonel 
Dearborn, Lieutenant-colonel Butler, Major Hay, and Major Camp 
bell, are the members of the court. 

Captain Lawrence Keene, of the regiment late Patten s, is ap 
pointed Aid-de-camp to Major-general Miffliu, and is to be obeyed 
as such. 

A Captain from Weedon s Brigade and a subaltern from the 1st 
Pennsylvania Brigade, are to repair immediately to the hospitals at 
the Yellow Springs to relieve Captain Wallace and Lieutenant 
Swearinger. They will call at the orderly office for instructions. 

At a general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Chambers was presi 
dent, the 27th ult., Lieutenant McDonald, of the 3d Pennsylvania 
Regiment, tried for " unofficer and ungentlemanlike behavior, in 
taking two mares and a barrel of carpenter s tools on the lines, 
which mares he conveyed away, and sold the tools at private sale 
and with insulting behavior, in refusing to comply with his arrest." 
After mature deliberation, the court taking into consideration sev 
eral circumstances, are unanimously of opinion, that although Lieu 
tenant McDonald is guilty of the facts alleged in the first charge, 
they do not amount to " unofficer and ungentlemanlike behavior," 
and do acquit him of it, and likewise of the second. 

The Commander-in-Chief is far from being satisfied of the pro 
priety of Lieutenant McDonald s conduct. He knows of no au 
thority under which he had a right to seize the horses in question, 
and to apply them in the manner he did. He approves still less of 
the measures taken with respect to the tools. 

If the probability of their being carried into the enemy by a dis 
affected person justifies the seizure, nothing can justify the applying 
them, as appears to have been intended, to private emolument, to 
the injury of the right owner, who was an absent and innocent per- 



371 

son who had only lodged them in the care of the other during his 
absence. They ought immediately to have been reported to, and 
lodged with, the Quartermaster-general. Lieutenant McDonald is 
released from his arrest 

General Poor s, Varnum s, Huntington s, 1st and 2d Pennsylva 
nia, and late Conway s Brigades, and the Artillery, will receive their 
pay for the months of February and March this day. Woodford s, 
Scott s, and the North Carolina Brigades, to-morrow. Glover s, 
Patterson s, and Learned s, the 7th inst. ; Weedon s, Muhlenberg s, 
and the 1st and 2d Maryland Brigades, the 8th inst. 

A general Court Martial in the corps of artillery, of which Col. 
Harrison is hereby appointed president, will sit to-morrow morning 
at 9 o clock, at the President s tent, for the trial of all such persons 
as shall be brought before them. Captain Rice, Captain Wells, one 
Captain, one Captain-lieutenant, and two Lieutenants from Colonel 
Harrison s Regiment, two Lieutenants from Colonel Crane s, one 
from Colonel Lamb s, and two from Colonel Proctor s Regiments, 
are the members ; and Captain-lieutenant Powars, Judge-advocate, 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 6, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Patterson. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Coleman. 

Major, Moore. 

Brigade-major, Bannister. 

Inspector, from Huntington s Brigade. 

At a general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Chambers was pres 
ident, the 2d inst, Captain Stake of the 10th Pennsylvania Regi 
ment was tried for "propagating a report, that Colonel George 
Nagle was seen, on the 15th of May, drinking either tea or coffee in 
Sergeant Howercraft s tent, with his lady, her mother, the said 
Howereraft, and his family, to the prejudice of good order and mil 
itary discipline." 

The court having considered the charge and evidence, are unan 
imously of opinion that Captain Stake s justification in relation to 



372 SENTENCES OF COURT MARTIAL. 

the report of Colonel Nagle s having drunk the tea or coffee as 
aforesaid is sufficient, and do acquit him of the charge exhibited 
against him. The General approves the acquittal. 

At the same court, Lieutenant Samuel Jones, of the 15th Virginia 
Regiment, was tried for " concealing, and denying that he had in 
his possession, a pair of mittens belonging to Captain Hull ; 2dly, 
for gaming on the 12th of May, and sundry other times; 3dly, for 
behaving in a manner unbecoming an officer and gentleman in 
treating Capt. Hull with abusive language while under arrest, and 
endeavoring to incense the officers of his regiment against him." 

The court, having considered the charge and evidence, are of 
opinion that Lieutenant Jones is guilty of the charge exhibited 
against him, and do sentence him to be discharged from the service. 

The General is entirely disposed to believe from the representa 
tions he has received in favor of Lieutenant Jones, that he was in 
capable of having retained the gloves with a fraudulent intention ; 
but as he has been clearly proved to have been guilty of the perni 
cious practice of gaming, which will invariably meet with every 
mark of his disapprobation, he confirms the sentence of dismissing 
Lieutenant Jones. 

At the same court, Lieutenant John Roberts, of the 2d North Car 
olina Regiment, was tried for behaving in a scandalous and infa 
mous manner, and absenting himself from camp without leave. 
The court, having considered the charges and evidence, are unani 
mously of opinion that Lieutenant John Roberts is not guilty of the 
charge exhibited against him, and do acquit him. 

The General approves the acquittal, but is sorry to see little per 
sonal bickerings between officers, which cannot with propriety be 
drawn into military offences, made the subjects of Courts Martial. 

At a Brigade Court Martial held this day, whereof Col. Harrison 
is president, George Deloney, of Colonel Crane s Regiment, was 
tried for desertion, plead guilty, and was sentenced to receive 100 
lashes. Also, John Gill, of Colonel Harrison s Regiment, was tried 
for being drunk on his post, plead guilty, and was sentenced to re 
ceive 50 lashes ; but many circumstances appearing in favor of the 
prisoner, the court recommends him to mercy. 



COURTS MARTIAL. 373 

The General approves the above sentences, remits the punish 
ment ordered Gill, and forgives Deloney also, in whose favor some 
particular circumstances have appeared. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 7, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Haskell. 

Major, Mentges. 

Brigade-major, Haskell. 

Inspector, from Varnum s Brigade. 

The general Court Martial, whereof Col. Chambers is president, 
is dissolved, and another ordered to sit at the usual place to-morrow 
for the trial of all such prisoners as shall be brought before it. Col. 
Livingston will preside. Each brigade will give a captain for the 
court. 

A general Court Martial will sit to-morrow at the Gulf Mill, to 
try all such persons as shall be brought before them. Lieutenant- 
colonel Smith will preside. Four captains and eight subalterns, 
from Colonel Jackson s detachment, will attend as members. 

The Court of Inquiry, whereof Colonel Johnson was president, 
the 29th ult., report as follows : The court duly considering the 
charge exhibited against Lieutenant-colonel Park, and his defence, 
are of opinion that he is guilty of having been absent from camp 
without leave, but that he is not guilty of negligence of duty while 
in camp. The court taking into consideration the peculiar circum 
stances of Lieut. Colonel Park s absence, and the punishment he 
lias already endured in consequence of his arrest and suspension 
from duty, beg leave to recommend him to his Excellency as worthy 
of acquittal. The General restores Lieut. Col. Park to his command. 

The Honorable the Congress have been pleased to come to the 
following resolutions respecting the establishment of the army, viz. : 



374: 



PAY TABLE. 



IN CONGRESS, May 27, 1778. 
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE AMERICAN ARMY. 

The Infantry. 

Resolved, That each battalion of infantry shall consist of nine 
companies one of which shall be of light-infantry ; the light- 
infantry to be kept complete by drafts from the battalion, and or 
ganized during the campaign into corps of light-infantry. That 
the battalion of infantry shall consist of 



Pay per month. 

1 Colonel Dollars 75 

1 Lieutenant-colonel 60 

1 Major 50 

6 Captains each 40 

1 Captain-lieutenant 26 2 / 3 

8 Lieutenants each 26 2 / 3 

9 Ensigns each 20 

1 Surgeon 60 

1 Surgeon s Mate 40 

1 Sergeant-major 10 

1 Quartermaster s Sergeant. . 10 

27 Sergeants each 10 



Pay per month. 

1 Fife-major Dollars 9 

18 Drums and Fifes each 7*/ 3 

27 Corporals each 7 J / 3 

477 Privates each 6 2 / 3 

1 Paymaster to be taken from 
the line, and to receive in 
addition to his pay in the 

line, per month 20 

1 Adjutant, taken as above, 

and additional pay per mo. 13 
1 Qr. Master, taken as above, 
and additional pay per mo. 13 



1 Drum-major 9 

Each of the field-officers to command a company. The Lieu 
tenant of the Colonel s company is to have the rank of Captain- 
lieutenant. 

The Artillery. 

That a battalion of artillery shall consist of 



Pay per month. 

1 Colonel. . .* Dollars 100 

1 Lieutenant-colonel 75 

1 Major 621/2 

12 Captains each 50 

12 Captain-lieutenants, each S3 l / 3 

12 First-lieutenants . . . each 8B l / 3 

36 Second-lieutenants, each 33 l /s 

1 Surgeon 75 

1 Surgeon s Mate 50 

1 Sergeant-major H 23 /9o 

1 Quartermaster s Sergeant H 23 /9o 

1 Fife-major 10 38 / 90 

1 Drum-major 10 38 / 90 

72 Sergeants each 10 



Pay per month. 
72 Bombardiers. . .each, Dolls. 9 

72 Corporals each 9 

72 Gunners each 8 2 / 3 

24 Drums and Fifes each 8% 

336 Matrosses each S l / 3 

1 Paymaster to be taken from 
the line, and to receive in 
addition to his pay in the 

line, per month 25 

1 Adjutant from the line, ad 
ditional pay per month. . . 16 
1 Quartermaster from the line, 
additional pay per month 16 



PAY TABLE. 



3T5 



The Cavalry, or Dragoons. 



That a battalion of cavalry shall 

Pay per month. 

1 Colonel Dollars 98 3 / 4 

1 Lieutenant-colonel 75 

1 Major 60 

6 Captains each 50 

12 Lieutenants each 33y 8 

6 Cornets each 26 2 /3 

1 Surgeon 60 

1 Surgeon s Mate 40 

1 Saddler 10 

1 Trumpet-major 11 

6 Farriers each 10 

6 Quartermast. Sergts, each 15 



consist of 

Pay per month. 
6 Trumpeters .... each, Dolls. 10 

12 Sergeants each 15 

30 Corporals each 10 

374 Dragoons each 8Vs 

1 Paymaster from the line, 
and to receive in addition 
to his pay in the line, per 

month 25 

1 Adjutant from the line, ad 
ditional pay per month. . . 15 
1 Quartermaster from the line, 
additional pay per month . 15 



Provosts. 
That a provost be established to consist of 

Pay per month. 
I Captain of Provosts, Dollars 50 

4 Lieutenants each 33y 3 

1 Clerk 33>/3 

1 Qr. Master s Sergeant 15 

2 Trumpeters each 10 

This corps is to be mounted on horseback, and armed and accou 
tred as light-dragoons. 



Pay per month. 

2 Sergeants each, Dollars 15 

5 Corporals each 10 

43 Provosts or privates. . . each 8% 
4 Executioners each 10 



That in the Engineering Department, three companies be estab 
lished, each to consist of 



Pay per montJi. 
1 Captain Dollars 50 

3 Lieutenants each 33 % 

4 Sergeants each 10 



Pay per month. 

4 Corporals each, Dollars 9 

60 Privates each 8 1 /;, 



That two Aides-de-Camp be allowed to each Major-general, who 
shall for the future appoint them out of the captains and subalterns. 
That in addition to their pay in the line there be allowed to 

An Aid-de-Camp, per month Dollars 24 

A Brigade-major, " 24 

A Brigade Quartermaster, " 15 



3T6 



PAY TABLE. 



NOTE. The pay of the following officers was at different times during the war 
fixed as follows : 



Pay per month. 

Major-general Dollars 166 

Aid-de-Camp 50 

Brigadier-general of cavalry.. 156y 4 
Brigadier-general of infantry. 125 

Brigade Chaplain 50 

Quartermaster-general 166 2 /a 

Deputy Qr. Mr. Gen. Southern 

Army 125 

Deputy Qr. Mr. Gen. Main 

Army 75 

Assistant Qr. Mr. Generals. . . 30 

Wagonmaster 60 

Dep. Wagonmaster, Southern 

Army 50 

Wagon Conductor 20 

Adjutant-general 125 

Deputy Adjutant-general 75 

Assistant Adj utant-general ... 50 

Clerk to Adjutant-general 40 

Inspector-general 300 

Paymaster-general, in the cur 
rency of the day 1166a/ 8 

Deputy Paymaster-general ... 75 
Assistant Paymaster-general. . 70 



Pay per month. 
Deputy Director of Hospital. . 100 

Surgeon of Hospital 90 

Apothecary and Purveyor. ... 92 

Stewards of Hospitals 31 

Commissary-gen, of Mil. Stores 8B l / 3 
Field Commissary Mil. Stores. 50 
Deputy Field Com. Mil. Stores 40 

Commissary of Prisoners 75 

Asst. Commissary of Prisoners 40 

Geographer to the Army 60 

Assistant Geographer 30 

Judge Advocate Y5 

Deputy Judge Advocate 60 

Clothier-general 250 

Deputy Clothier-general 75 

Inspector of Eations 166 2 /s 

Kiding-master of Cavalry Z3 l / 3 

Geographical Chain-bearer 15 

Conductor of Artillery 40 

Forage-master 80 

Director of Artificers 40 

Brigade Inspector, in addition 

to pay in the line 30 

Quartermaster-general 80 

Dep. Quartermaster-general. .. 60 



Director of Hospital 102 

All officers will be particular to make themselves well acquainted 
with the establishment, and govern themselves accordingly. The 
Commissaries will be particularly observant of what relates to their 
department until the regiments shall be arranged agreeable to this 
establishment. The nomination of regimental staff-officers, accord 
ing to the mode here pointed out, is to be suspended. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 8, 1718. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Muhlenberg. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Ramsey. 

Major, Talbott. 

Brigade-major, Alden. 

Inspector, from North Carolina Brigade. 



LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FORGE. 377 

Captain John Mercer, of the 3d Virginia Regiment, is appointed 
Aide-de-Camp to Major-general Lee, and is to be accordingly re 
spected. 

Brigade officer of the day, Captain-lieutenant Meredith. Colonel 
Harrison gives the orderly to head-quarters, and Colonel Crane to 
the brigade. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 9, 1718. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Woodford. 

Colonel, Smith. 

Major, Pauling. 

Brigade-major, . , Johnson. 

Inspector, from Woodford s Brigade. 

After the dismission of the old guards, the Brigadier and field- 
officers of the preceding day are to assemble at the provost-guard, 
and examine into the charges against the several prisoners there, 
and the circumstances attending them, and to discharge all such as 
shall appear to be improperly confined, or the length of whose im 
prisonment may be deemed a sufficient punishment for their crimes, 
or whose offences are so trifling as to make the process of a general 
Court Martial unnecessary. They are to send to their brigades and 
regiments all those who are to be tried by Brigade or Regimental 
Courts. 

Three Captains and nine Lieutenants are wanted to officer the 
company of sappers. As this corps will be a school of engineering, 
it opens a prospect to such gentlemen as enter it, and will pursue 
the necessary studies with diligence, of becoming engineers, and 
rising to the important employments attached to that profession, 
such as the direction of fortified places, &c. The qualifications re 
quired of the candidates are, that they be natives, and have a knowl 
edge of the mathematics and drawing, and are disposed to apply 
themselves to these studies. They will give in their names at head 
quarters. 

The army is to take a new camp to-morrow morning at 8 o clock. 
The whole is to be in readiness accordingly, and to march to the 



378 LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FORGE. 

*s 

respective grounds of encampment, which will be pointed out for 
each division by the Quartermaster-general. 

At a Division Court Martial, the 7th inst., Lieutenant-colonel 
Badlam president, Adjutant Allen, of Colonel Michael Jackson s 
Regiment, tried for repeated disobedience of orders, and abusive 
language to Major Hull, and refusing to leave his hut when order 
ed, was unanimously found guilty of the charges exhibited against 
him, and sentenced to be discharged from the service. 

The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and orders it to 
take place. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 10, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Poor. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Harmar. 

Major, Gaskins. 

Brigade-major, Marshall. 

Field-officers for detachment : 

Lieutenant-colonel, Heath. 

Major, Ellison. 

For fatigue : 

Colonel, Brewer. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Miller. 

Major, Hopkins. 

Colonel Crane gives the orderly to head-quarters, and Colonel 
Harrison to the brigade. GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

H. Q., VALLEY FORGE, June 11, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Major-general, Lee. 

Brigadier-general, Scott. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Brent. 

Major, Tubbs. 

Brigade-major, Minnis. 

Some misunderstanding, and mistakes in consequence, having 



LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FORGE. 379 

arisen, with respect to the Major-general s command, the Com- 
mander-in-Chief directs, that till a more perfect arrangement can 
be made under the new establishment, or till further orders on this 
head, each Major-general is to command the division heretofore as 
signed him, previous to the late disposition for a march ; but in case 
of an alarm, or any other general movement of the army, the three 
eldest Major-generals present and fit for duty, are, during the occa 
sion, to command the right and left wings and second line of the 
army, agreeably to the general order of the 23d May last. The 
North Carolina Brigade is to supply the place of General Maxwell s 
and Lord Stirling s Divisions till further orders. 

Upon firing the signal-guns for an alarm, the troops are to form 
immediately in front of their respective brigades, and are to be 
marched by the senior Major-generals, as above, to their respective 
alarm-posts. 

The 1st and 2d Maryland, and Varnum s Brigades, are to draw 
up in front of their respective encampments, and send to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief for orders. 

A Major-general is to be appointed for the day, who, with the 
Brigadier and field-officers on that duty, are carefully to attend to 
the police and good order of the camp. They are always to be on 
the grand parade at guard-mounting, and when the guards are 
marched off, the Major-general will make a distribution of the sev 
eral duties of the day among the field-officers of it. He is to re 
ceive and report to the Commander-in-Chief the remarkable occur 
rences which happened during his tour of duty, and will attend in 
an especial manner to the order of the 9th inst., respecting prison 
ers, as there is reason to believe that many of them are improperly 
detained in the provost. 

All unnecessary waste of timber is to be avoided. The com 
manding officers will know that their Quartermasters attend partic 
ularly to this business. 

The Commander-in-Chief having received ample testimony of 
the general good character and behavior of Lieutenant Jones, who 
was sentenced to be dismissed the service by a general Court Mar 
tial, which sentence was approved by him on the 6th inst., and being 



380 LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FORGE. 

further satisfied by Generals Woodford, Scott, and other officers, 
that that gentleman is not addicted to the vice of gaming, restores 
him to his rank and command in the regiment he belonged to, and 
in the line of the army. 

At a Brigade general Court Martial, June 2, 1778, Lieutenant- 
colonel Adams president, Captain Norwood was tried for refusing 
to comply with a general order issued expressly for the relief of the 
troops on picket, founded on the necessity of the case, which at that 
period could not be otherwise remedied, found guilty of the charge 
exhibited against him, and sentenced to be privately reprimanded 
by the officer commanding the regiment to which he belongs. 

The Commander-in-Chief utterly disapproves the sentence as al 
together inadequate to the offence. The mutinous and dangerous 
spirit which actuated Captain Norwood, merited, in his opinion, the 
most exemplary punishment. He is to be released from his arrest. 

At a general Court Martial, the 5th inst., Col. Chambers presi 
dent, Lieutenant-colonel Hubly, of the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment, 
was tried for " malicious behavior in being the occasion of Colonel 
Nagle s signing a false return, to the injury of his honor and con 
trary to good order and military discipline, in the case of Captain 
Lang, who, as Colonel Hubly told Colonel Nagle, was absent with 
out leave, though he had Colonel Hubly s and General Wayne s 
orders to remain at Lancaster until the business he was sent on was 
perfected." After mature deliberation, the court are unanimously 
of opinion that Lieutenant-colonel Hubly is not guilty, and do ac 
quit him with honor. 

The Commander-in-Chief confirms the opinion. 

At the same court, Captain Redman, of the late Colonel Patten s 
Regiment, was tried for "misconduct on the night of the llth of 
last April, in neglecting to guard the passes, by which means Capt. 
Humphreys was surprised, and not coming to Captain Humphreys 
assistance when he was attacked by the enemy." The court are 
unanimously of opinion, that Captain Redman is not guilty of the 
first charge exhibited against him, and do acquit him. They are 
of opinion that Captain Redman is guilty of the second charge, but 
think that his reasons for not marching to the assistance of Captain 



LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FORGE. 381 

Humphreys are sufficient, and do unanimously acquit him with 
honor. 

The Commander-in-Chief confirms the opinion of the court. 

At the same court, William Powell, soldier in Colonel Angell s 
Regiment, was tried 1st, for desertion; 2d, for re-enlisting; 3d, 
for perjury : found guilty, and sentenced to receive 300 lashes, 100 
for each crime, and return to Colonel Angell s Regiment. 

The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence so far as it ex 
tends to 100 lashes. 

Likewise Edward Connolly, soldier in Col. Harrison s Regiment 
of Artillery, was tried 1st, for deserting to the enemy ; 2d, for re- 
enlisting IM M Col. Weltner s Regiment: found guilty of the charges 
exhibited against him, and sentenced to receive 200 lashes, 100 for 
each crime. 

The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence the same as Pow 
ell s. These sentences to be put into execution to-morrow morning, 
at the head of the regiments to which they belong. 

The grand parade is assigned in front of late Conway s Brigade. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

NOTE. About this time it appeared evident that Sir Henry Clinton was about 
to evacuate Philadelphia, and General Washington and his army at Valley Forge 
were busy in watching his movements, and preparing, if possible, to take any 
advantage that circumstances might dictate. The American troops under 
Washington, during their encampment at Valley Forge, had acquired a consid 
erable proficiency in tactics under the Baron Steuben. On the 18th of June, 
Clinton with his whole army evacuated Philadelphia. Washington sent General 
Arnold with a force to take possession of the city, broke up his encampment at 
Valley Forge, and pursued Clinton s army through New Jersey, hoping to 
strike some blow upon the enemy that would repay him to some extent for his 
long, inactive, and dreary encampment at Valley Forge. He overtook Clinton s 
army at Monmouth, on the 28th of June, and engaged in a battle which resulted 
in the fall of Colonel Monckton, of the Koyal Grenadiers, and covered the 
American arms with gbry. 



SUPERNUMERARY OFFICERS 

AT THE CHESTERFIELD ARRANGEMENT OF THE VIRGINIA LINE, 
FEBRUARY, 1781 ; AND NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF 
DIFFERENT OFFICERS. 



Col. William Heath, supernumerary by juniority. 

Col. Levin Joines, do. do. 

Col. Burgess Ball, do. do. 

Lieut. Col. John Webb, do. do. 

Lieut. Col. Richard Taylor, do. do. 

Lieut. Col. Richard C. Anderson, do. do. 

Major Thomas Ridley. do. by choice. 

Major John Hays, do. do. 

Major Andrew Waggoner, do. by juniority. 

Major John Gilchrist, do. by choice. 

Major Thomas Hill, . do. by juniority. 

Major William Taylor, do. do. 

Major William Mosely, do. do. 

Major Peter B. Bruin, do. do. 

Capt. Lieut. William Eppes, do. by choice. 

Capt. Lieut. John Crittenden, do. do. 

Capt. Lieut. Arthur Lind, do. do. 

Captain Richard Stephens, 6th Regiment, superseded. 

Captain William Vance, 8th do. do. 

Captain John Steed, 4th do. do. 

Lieut. David Williams, 8th do. do. 

Lieut. Edward Smith, 7th do. do. 

Ensign Thomas Holt, 1st do. do. 

Ensign Philip Coartney, 1st Regiment, subjected to a court of 

inquiry. 

Ensign Wm. Scott, 4th Regt, subjected to a court of inquiry. 

Ensign Spencer Morgan, 7th Regt., do. do. 

Ensign Wm. Baylis, 8th do. do. do. 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 383 

ROBERT H. HARRISON 

Entered the army as Aid-de-Camp to General Washington, but 
soon became his private secretary. On the 5th June, 1776, Con 
gress resolved that R. H. Harrison, Esq., have the rank of Lieuten 
ant-colonel in the Continental army. He continued in the family 
of Washington until the spring of 1781, when he left on account of 
ill health, and was appointed Chief-justice of the General Court of 
Maryland, March 10, 1781, and held said office until his death, in 
1790. 

COL. GEORGE BAYLOR, 

Of the Virginia Dragoons. By a special act of Congress, May 25, 
1832, Mrs. Ann D. Baylor, representative, received $19,950.44 a* 
the commutation pay of a colonel of dragoons. Colonel Baylor 
served to the end of the war, was an officer of great merit, and 
died in the island of Barbadoes in 1784, where he went for the 
benefit of his health. 

The reader will recollect that on the 27th September, 1778, Gen. 
Gray, a famous British marauder, surprised Baylor s dragoons while 
sleeping in a barn at old Tappan, N. Y., and out of one hundred 
and four persons, unarmed and asleep, sixty-seven were murdered 
in cold blood, and the rest captured. Seventy horses were also 
butchered, and Colonel Baylor made a prisoner. The trial and 
execution of Major Andre also occurred at Tappan. 

COL. JOHN THORNTON 

Was appointed a Captain in the third Virginia Regiment, February 
12, 1776, was promoted to Major March 20, 1777, and in the same 
year to Lieutenant-colonel. On the invasion of Virginia by Corn- 
wallis in 1781, he commanded a regiment of militia as a Continen 
tal officer by order of General La Fayette. 

COL. URIAH FORREST, 

Of the Maryland Continental Line, was severely wounded in the 
battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, which caused the loss of 
one of his legs. This disabled him from active service, and on 



384: NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 

the 23d February, 1781, he resigned his commission, and died in 
April, 1805. 

COL. JAMES MAYSON, 

Of a Regiment of Rangers, raised in the State of South Carolina. 
By a resolution of Congress of the 24th July, 1776, his regiment 
was taken into Continental pay. His service cannot be traced be 
yond the siege of Charleston in 1780. 

COL. MORDECAI BUCKNER 

Was commissioned Colonel of the 6th Virginia Regiment, February 
13, 1776, and was cashiered February 9, 1777. 

COL. RICHARD CAMPBELL 

Was commissioned as Captain February 19, 1776, and afterwards 
promoted to Lieutenant-colonel. He was killed at the battle of 
Eutaw Springs, in South Carolina, September 8, 1781. His heirs 
received 1114 acres of land. 

COL. WILLIAM CRAWFORD 

Entered the service in 1776, and resigned February 10, 1781. After 
this he entered the service against the Indians on the western fron 
tier, and was killed by them. 

GEN. HUGH MERCER, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Colonel to the 3d Virginia 
Regiment, February 13, 1776, and promoted to Brigadier-general 
June 5, 1776. He was a brave and accomplished officer, and died 
January 12, 1777, of wounds received at the battle of Princeton. 
His heirs received 10,000 acres of land from the State of Virginia, 
June 24, 1783. 

COL. RICHARD PARKER, 

Of the Virginia Line, was commissioned Captain in the second Vir 
ginia Regiment, January 24, 1776, and afterwards became Colonel 
of the 8th Regiment. He died at the siege of Charleston, April 24, 
1780. His heirs were allowed 6666f acres of land by the State of 
Virginia, June 4, 1783. 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 385 

COL. CHARLES PORTERFIELD 

Was commissioned Captain of the llth Virginia Regiment, Febru 
ary 13, 1776, and served till August 14, 1779, when he was ap 
pointed Lieutenant-colonel of the State Garrison Regiment, and was 
killed at the battle of Camden, August 16, 1780. His heirs re 
ceived 6000 acres of land from the State, Nov. 18, 1782. 

COL. ISAAC REED, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant-colonel of the 4th 
Regiment, February 13, 1776, was promoted to Colonel August 13, 
1776, and died in service in September, 1778. His heirs received 
6666J acres of land from the State. 

COLONEL WILLIAM TALIAFERRO, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Captain of the 1st Regiment, 
September 2, 1775, and was soon promoted to Major. He was ap 
pointed Lieutenant-colonel, February 1, 1777, and died in service, 
February 1, 1778. His heirs received 6000 acres of land from the 
State. 

COLONEL THOMAS KNOWLTON 

Entered the service 1775, and was very busy at the bombardment 
of Boston in February, 1776. While the British were playing a 
theatrical farce called "Boston Blockaded," Major Knowlton and 
party crossed the mill-dam from Cobble Hill, and set fire to some 
houses in Charlestown occupied by British soldiers, and the farce 
suddenly ended in reality. He was commander of the Congress 
Regiment at the battle of Harlem Plains, September 16, 1776, and 
was there killed. General Washington said, " He would have been 
an honor to any country." 

CAPTAIN JOHN ROBERTS 

Was appointed Captain January 11, 1779, in the Regiment of Con 
vention Guards. The captives of General Burgoyne s army, sur 
rendered at Saratoga October 17, 1777, were called the "Conven 
tion Troops." These were marched from the north to Chaiiotte- 

17 



386 NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 

ville, Virginia. On the 5th of March, 1779, he was promoted to 
Major, and served till May 1, 1781. 

CAPTAIN THOMAS BLACKWELL 

Became supernumerary on the arrangement of the army at White 
Plains in September, 1781 ; and on the 16th of May, 1783, received 
his pay as Captain to November 1, 1778. 

LIEUTENANT WILLIAM PRICE 

Served as Sergeant in the 1st Virginia Kegiment from 1776, and, in 
the spring of 1779, was promoted to a lieutenancy, and served to 
the end of the war. He was discharged at Point of Forks in 1783. 
His commission was stolen from him while in service. He received 
his commutation per act 22d March, 1783, and was allowed 2,666 J 
acres of land. 

DOCTOR WILLIAM CARTEL 

Was a Surgeon in the Continental Hospital at Williamsburg from 
July, 1776, to the close of the war. He died in the city of Rich 
mond, Virginia, in 1798. 

LIEUTENANT EDMUND BROOK 

Was appointed Lieutenant in Colonel Harrison s Virginia Artillery 
in February, 1781, and served till the siege of Yorktown, when he 
left camp on account of sickness, by advice of Captain Coleman. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN TAYLOR 

Served as Lieutenant in the Convention Guards from January 18, 
1779, to June 15, 1781, when the regiment was disbanded on ac 
count of the general exchange of prisoners. He received 2,666f 
acres of land November 13, 1832. 

CAPTAIN ETERARD MEADE 

Was commissioned as Captain in the 2d Virginia Regiment, March 
8, 1776, and served to May 1, 1780. He was then appointed Aid- 
de-Camp to Major-general Lincoln, with the rank of Major, and 
served to near the end of the war. 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 387 

CORNET WILLIAM TEAS 

Served from 1779 to 1781 in Colonel William Washington s Cav 
alry, and died in 1824. Keceived no pension. 

CAPTAIN BULLER CLAIBORNE, 

Of the Virginia Line, served in Spottswood s 2d Virginia Regiment 
from the spring of 1776, to 27th of July, 1777. He alleged ser 
vice as Brigade-major, and Aid-de-Camp to General Lincoln. In 
1834 his heirs received 5333 J acres of land. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN EMERSON 

Was a Lieutenant in the 13th Virginia Regiment up to April, 1778. 
On the 16th of June, 1820, he received 2666f acres of land for 
services. 

LIEUTENANT THOMAS WALLACE, 

Of the Virginia Line, was commissioned November 23, 1779, as a 
Lieutenant in the 8th Virginia Regiment, and served to November 
19, 1781, when he received marching orders to join the southern 
army in the Carolinas. 

DOCTOR CORBIN GRIFFIN 

Was a Surgeon in the hospital at Yorktown, and continued to serve 
to the end of the war. 

CAPTAIN GEORGE M. BEDINGER 

Served as Captain and Indian spy, at Boonsboro , Maryland, from 
1775 to 1781. 

LIEUTENANT ROBERT GREEN 

Was Ensign from 1776, to September 1, 1780; and Lieutenant 
from July 10, 1781, to December 31, 1781. 

LIEUTENANT SETH CHAPIN, 

Commissioned as Lieutenant, July 9, 1776, in the 1st Company of 
Massachusetts Militia, under Colonel Ezra Wood and Capt. Samuel 
Cragin, and also served in the Continental Line. 



388 NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICEK8. 

CAPTAIN JOHN SPOTTSWOOD 

Was commissioned as Captain in the 10th Regiment of Virginia. 
February 20, 1777, and continued to serve till the Chesterfield ar 
rangement, February 12, 1781, when he retired from service as an 
invalid. He was pensioned, by the State of Virginia, at $200 per 
annum. 

LIEUTENANT THOMAS WISHART 

Was a Lieutenant in the 15th Virginia Regiment, served to the 
surrender of Yorktown, and became supernumerary. 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM NELSON 

Was Captain of Militia January 25, 1777, September 6, 1779, and 
June 21, 1781 ; and was an active, meritorious, and patriotic officer. 

LIEUTENANT RICHARD NOWELL 

Was Sergeant of Cavalry at the battles of Brandywine and Ger- 
mantown, and was under General Wayne at Stony Point. He re 
ceived 90 105. 9d. from the State of Virginia as a Sergeant of 
Cavalry, was at Morristown with the army in 1780, and promoted 
to Lieutenant of Cavalry. In 1781 he was an express rider from 
General Washington to General Greene, and with Colonel Wash 
ington s Cavalry at the battle of the Cowpens. For his gallant 
services he was promoted to Brigade-major, and served to the sur 
render of Cornwallis. On entering service he was a student at 
William and Mary College. He was presented with a sword by 
General Washington for his gallant services. He died January 17, 
1800, leaving a widow and five children. 

CAPTAIN JOHN DE TREVILLE 

Was a French gentleman, and was Captain in the 4th South Caro 
lina Artillery under Colonel Owen Roberts, and was taken prisoner 
at the surrender of Charlestown, May 12, 1780. He was included 
in the general exchange of prisoners June 15, 1781. 

LIEUTENANT ELI PARSONS 
Was commissioned in 1776 as Lieutenant, in Colonel James Clin- 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 389 

ton s New York Regiment, was subsequently made a Lieutenant in 
" Colonel Crane s Artillery, and was severely wounded at the battle 
of Germantown, which disabled him from holding rank in the line. 
He was appointed Commissary of Issues in 1778, and attached 
to General Knox s Brigade until he received permission to retire, 
from General Washington, in May, 1779. Colonel Charles Stewart 
induced him to remain in service, and take charge of a magazine 
of provisions at Wyoming for the supply of General Sullivan s ex 
pedition against the Indians. He died September 25, 1830. 

CAPTAIN DOHICKEY ARUNDELL, 

Of the Continental Artillery of Virginia, entered the service Feb 
ruary 5, 1776, under General Lewis, as Captain of Artillery, and 
was killed in the engagement at Gwinn s Island, in the Chesapeake 
Bay, July 8, 1776, by the bursting of a mortar, while attempting 
to dislodge Lord Dunmore from the island. 

CAPTAIN PETER BERNARD 

Served two years and two months, ending September 1, 1779, and 
then resigned. 

MAJOR JOHN BRENT 

Was commissioned Captain in the Virginia Line February 26, 1776, 
and resigned as Major May 4, 1778. His commission, with his re 
signation written on it, is among the Washington papers in the 
Department of State. 

FRANCIS T. BROOKE 

Was a Lieutenant and Deputy Quartermaster in Colonel Harrison s 
Artillery from 1781 to the close of the war. He received 5333 J 
acres of land from Virginia. 

CAPTAIN JOHN BLAIR 

Was appointed Lieutenant in Colonel Harrison s Artillery January 
13, 1777, was promoted to Captain, and was mortally wounded at 
the battle of Camden, and died August 18, 1780. His heirs re 
ceived 4000 acres of land from Virginia. 



390 NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 

ENSIGN WILLIAM B. BUNTING 

Was commissioned as ensign in the 9th Virginia Regiment Febru 
ary 14, 1776, and died in service April 1, 1777. His heirs re 
ceived land from Virginia. 

LIEUTENANT DANIEL BEDINGER, 

Of the Virginia Line on Continental establishment, and entered the 
service in July, 1776, and continued in actual service till the dis 
mission of the army in South Carolina in 1783. 

REV. JOHN CORDELL 

Was appointed Chaplain of the llth Virginia Regiment February 
15, 1777, and served to January 1, 1779, and was allowed 6000 
acres of land by the State of Virginia. 

MAJOR MATTHEW DONOVAN, 

Of the 9th Virginia Regiment, died in service in 1777. His heirs 
were allowed 6893 acres of land by the State of Virginia. 

CAPTAIN JAMES DAVIS, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed August 7, 1776, and became 
supernumerary September 30, 1778. 

MAJOR EDMUND DICKINSON, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Captain in 1776, became Ma 
jor by promotion, and was killed at the battle of Monmouth June 
28, 1778. His heirs received 5333 J acres of land from the State 
of Virginia. 

LIEUTENANT HENRY FIELD, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant in the 8th Regi 
ment January 26, 1776, and resigned August 3, 1776. He was al 
lowed 2666J acres of land by the State. 

LIEUTENANT THOMAS GORDON, 

Of the Maryland Line, was appointed February 20, 1777, and re 
signed July 1, 1778. 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 391 

SURGEON DAVID GOULD 

Was a Surgeon of the General Hospital, and served from Septem 
ber 8, 1777, to July 11, 1781. 

LIEUTENANT JOSEPH HOLD, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed in the 10th Regiment January 
12, 1777, and resigned April 1, 1778, He was allowed 2666f 
acres of land by the State. 

CAPTAIN REUBEN LIPSCOMB, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed in the 3d Regiment November 
28, 1776, and died in service October 8, 1778. His heirs received 
4000 acres of land from the State. 

CAPTAIN THOMAS H. LUCKETT, 

Of Colonel Rawlings Riflemen, attached to Colonel Morgan s Vir 
ginia Riflemen, received 5500 acres of land from the State of Vir 
ginia for a service of eight years and four months. He served to 
the end of the war and received " commutation," 

BRIGADE-MAJOR DANIEL LEET 

Acted as Quartermaster from January 1, 1777, to October 1, 1777, 
and as Paymaster from this latter date to September 21, 1778, then 
as Brigade-major for three months, to December 21, 1778, He re 
ceived 5333J acres of land from the State of Virginia. 

CAPTAIN JONATHAN LANGDON, 

Of the Virginia Line, was commissioned as Captain in the 12th 
Regiment September 30, 1776, and resigned November 14, 1776, 
as appears among the Washington Papers in the department of 
State. 

CAPTAIN AMBROSE MADISON, 

Of the Virginia Line, served in the 3d Regiment as Paymaster from 
February 1, 1777, to August 1, 1778, and as Captain of the Con 
vention Guards, from January 18th to September 23, 1779, and re 
ceived 4000 acres of land from the State. 



392 NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 

CAPTAIN JOSEPH MICHEUX, 

Of the Virginia Line, served in the 14th Regiment from February 
24, 1777, and resigned December 24 of the same year. He sub 
sequently entered the service, and received 4000 acres of land. 

LIEUT. RICHARD MUSE, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant in the 15th Regi 
ment December 22, 1776, and resigned May 14, 1779. His heirs 
received 2666f acres of land from the State. 

CAPTAIN JOHN MORTON 

Was appointed Captain of the 4th Regiment of the Virginia Line 
February 19, 1776, and resigned March 12, 1777. He received 
4000 acres of land from the State. 

CAPTAIN RICHARD PENDLETON, 

Of the Virginia Line, received 4000 acres of land from the State 
on the 18th February, 1839, for three years service. 

SURGEON SHUBAEL PRATT, 

Of the Virginia Line, received pay as Surgeon from March 12, 1778, 
to June 12, 1779; and on the 6th June, 1838, his heirs received 
6000 acres of land from the State for three years service. 

SURGEON WILLIAM RUMNEY, 

Of the Virginia Line, served from March 12, 1778, to March 12, 
1780, and received 6000 acres of land. 

CAPTAIN HEBARD SMALLWOOD, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Captain in Colonel Grayson s 
Regiment March 4, 1777, and resigned October 6, 1778. He re 
ceived 4444 acres of land from the State. 

SURGEON CHARLES TAYLOR 

Served from October 26, 1779, to May 15, 1780, in the Virginia 
Line, and on the 30th June, 1783, received 6000 acres of land from 
the State. 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 393 

CAPTAIN BENJAMIN TIMBERLAKE, 

Of the Virginia Line, served as Captain of the Convention Guards 
at Charlotte ville, from January 13, 1779, to October 12th of the 
same year, and received 4000 acres of land from the State. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN WILSON, 

Of the Virginia Line, was commissioned Lieutenant in the 4th Re 
giment March 12, 1777, and was killed at the battle of the Eutaw 
Springs, September 8, 1781. His heirs received 2666f acres of 
land from the State. 

LIEUTENANT CHARLES YARBOROUGH, 

Appointed Lieutenant in Colonel William Washington s Virginia 
Cavalry, Oct. 16, 1780, and served to the end of the war. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN McKiNLEY, 

Of the Virginia Line. Captain Uriah Springer, of Colonel John 
Gibson s Frontier Detachment, swears that McKinley entered the 
army early in 1776 as Sergeant in Captain Stephen Ashby s Com 
pany of State troops, and served till December following, when he 
was commissioned as Lieutenant in the 13th Continental Regiment, 
and served till early in 1778. He joined Colonel Crawford s expe 
dition against the Indians in 1782 and was killed. (2. 27. 1064.) 

LIEUTENANT MICHAEL MCDONALD 

Served as a Lieutenant in the British navy. He deserted and en 
tered the Continental service with the same rank, March 23, 1777, 
and served to January 1, 1781, in Putnam s and Nixon s Regiments 
as a private soldier, for fear the British would see him as an officer. 
(2. 27. 1079.) 

ADJUTANT SIMON SUMMERS, 

Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant and Adjutant in 
the 6th Virginia Regiment on the 21st March, 1776, and was paid 
for services as such to the 10th February, 1781. His service ex 
tended to the end of the war, and he was pensioned under act 15th 

17* 



394: NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 

May, 1828, as Lieutenant, and under act 7th June, 1832, as Adju 
tant. 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM E. GODFREY, 

Of the Pennsylvania Line, was taken prisoner by the British and 
carried to New York, where he remained seven months. He was 
Captain in Colonel Flower s Corps of Artillery Artificers from July 
1, 1777, to Jan. 1, 1782, when he became supernumerary. 

LIEUTENANT EDMUND GAMBLE, 

Of the North Carolina State Cavalry, was commissioned by Gov. 
Caswell, and served to the end of the war. 

CAPTAIN AUGUSTUS WILLETT, 

Of the Pennsylvania Line, served in Montgomery s expedition against 
Canada in 1775, and on the 10th May, 1780, he was commissioned 
a Major in the 4th Battalion of Pennsylvania Militia, and was made 
a Lieutenant-colonel of the same May 1, 1783. 

CAPTAIN SAMUEL JONES, 

Of the Virginia Line, served in the llth Regiment as Lieutenant 
from September 1, 1777, to January 1, 1780; and as Captain from 
January 1, 1780, to January 1, 1781. 

HENRY KING, 

Of the Maryland Line, enlisted as Sergeant May 25, 1778, and 
served as such to the 20th of October of the same year. He served 
as Commissary s Clerk from October 21 to December 31, 1778, and 
as the same from this latter date to April 19, 1780 ; and as Assist 
ant Commissary of Issues from May 10, 1780, to September 10, 
1781, in General Small wood s Brigade. 

LIEUTENANT ISAAC BOWMAN 

Served as Lieutenant and Quartermaster in Col. George R. Clark s 
" Illinois" Regiment from May, 1779. He was taken prisoner and 
kept as such from November, 1779, to April, 1780, and was sold 
by the Indians to a trader named Turnbull, who carried him to 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 395 

New Orleans and Cuba. He escaped, and made his way home to 
Virginia. 

LIEUTENANT EZRA CHAPMAN, 

Of the Connecticut Line, entered the service in Captain Horton s 
company of Colonel Baldwin s Artificers, August 6, 1777, and died 
in service September 1, 1778. 

ENSIGN CLEMENT SEWELL, 

Of the Maryland Line, entered the service in March, 1777, in Cap 
tain Ford s Company, of the 1st Maryland Regiment. He was pro 
moted to Ensign September 12, 1777. He received a severe wound 
in the leg at the battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, which dis 
abled him from field service for a long time. His services were re 
cognized to the end of the war, and a pension was granted him, per 
act 15th May, 1828. 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM DAVENPORT, 

Of the Virginia Line, entered the service as Lieutenant, and resign 
ed his commission as such in December, 1779. Brigadier-general 
Muhlenberg, under date July 24, 1783, certifies that William Dav 
enport served upwards of three years as Lieutenant, and lastly as 
Captain, in the Virginia Line. He received 4000 acres of land 
from the State. 

ENSIGN JAMES BROADUS, 

Of the Virginia Line, entered the service as a private February 1, 
1776, was promoted to Sergeant and Ensign, and served to the sur 
render of Cornwallis at Yorktown, October 19, 1781, but held his 
commission to the close of the war, subject to duty. 

COLONEL JOHN H. STONE, 

Of the Maryland Line, was appointed a Captain in January, 1776, 
and in December of the same year he was appointed Colonel. He 
was severely wounded at the battle of Germantown, and by reason 
of his disability he was obliged to resign August 1, 1779. He 
died October 5, 1804, 



396 NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 

CAPTAIN JOHN DAVIS, 

Of the Pennsylvania Line, was appointed Captain November 15, 
1776, in the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment, and was in service as such 
in South Carolina January 11, 1782. His service has been accred 
ited to the end of the war. 

NEHEMIAH STOKELY, 

Of the Pennsylvania Line, entered the service as Captain, in the 
8th Pennsylvania Regiment, under Colonel Bradshaw, in 1776, and 
became supernumerary in April, 1779. 

CAPTAIN DAVID NOBLE, 

Of the Massachusetts Line, raised a company in 1775, and entered 
into the service in Colonel Patterson s Regiment, attached to Gen 
eral Sullivan s Brigade, and died in the service in July, 1776. 

LIEUTENANT SAMUEL JONES, 

Of the Virginia Line. There were two of this name, one of the 
llth and the other of the 15th Regiment. The one of the 15th 
Regiment was dismissed from the service June 6, 1778, and restored 
by Gener-al Washington on the llth of the same month (see Wash 
ington s orders of those days, and Report No. 12, 1st Session 34th 
Congress). 

CAPTAIN SAMUEL RANSON, 

Of the Pennsylvania Line, was Captain of a company raised by Con 
gress for the defence of Westmoreland, per act August 23, 1776. 
He continued to act in concert with the Continental army till the 
threatened invasion of Wyoming by the British and Indians, in 
1778. He was killed in the bloody battle of Wyoming, July 3, 
1778. 

COLONEL WILLIS REDDICK, 

Of the militia of Nansemond county, Va. His house, containing 
military stores, was burnt by the British in 1779. 

DOCTOR FRANCIS LE BARON GOODWIN 
Was Surgeon of Colonel Henry Jackson s 9th Massachusetts Regi- 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 397 

ment, and served from 1779 to the close of the year 1782, which 
service entitled him to the benefits of the act of January 17, 1781. 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM HARRISON 

Was appointed in 1776 a Lieutenant in Captain Edward Veasey s 
Company, of Colonel Smallwood s Maryland Regiment. Captain 
Veasy was killed at the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, 
when Lieutenant Harrison succeeded to the command of the com 
pany, and died in 1777, of wounds received in service. 

REV. DAVID GRIFFITH, 

Of the 3d Virginia Regiment, served as Surgeon and Chaplain of 
the Regiment from February 28, 1776, to March 18, 1779, as cer 
tified by Brigadier-general George Weedon, under date of Septem 
ber 25, 1780. 

CAPTAIN ABRAHAM HITE 

Served as Paymaster to the 8th Virginia Regiment from January 
1, 1779, to the reduction of Charleston, May 12, 1780, when he 
was made a prisoner. No one was appointed in his place, and his 
service is accredited to the end of the war. 

CAPTAIN MAYO CARRINGTON 

Was appointed Assistant Quartermaster-general in the Virginia 
Line December 10, 1779, and acted in that capacity till the 27th 
March, 1781, and likewise acted as Quartermaster to General Wood- 
ford s Brigade from July 16th to December 10, 1779. 

LIEUTENANT JAMES MORTON 

Was appointed Quartermaster to the 4th Virginia Continental 
Regiment April 1, 1778, and so continued till January 1, 1782. 

ENSIGN JOHN SPITFATHOM 

Was in service at the battle of Great Bridge, December 12, 1775, 
and continued in active service in the northern campaigns until De 
cember 17, 1780, when he was made Ensign, and so continued un 
til the arrangement of the army in 1782. 



398 A LIST OF CLAIMS AGAINST VIRGINIA. 

CAPTAIN HENRY BEDINGER, 

Of the Virginia Line, entered the service in June, 1775, in Cap 
tain Hugh Stephenson s Company of Riflemen, and was appointed 
Sergeant before he left the recruiting rendezvous at Shepherdstown, 
Va. He marched with his company to the siege of Boston, and 
served till his company was discharged, in June, 1776. He was, 
July 9, 1776, made a Lieutenant in Captain Abraham Shepherd s 
Company, in Colonel Hugh Stephenson s Regiment of Riflemen. 
In August, 1776, Colonel Stephenson died, and Colonel Moses 
Rawlings assumed the command of the regiment. Captain Bedin- 
ger was with his regiment at the defence of Fort Washington, No 
vember 16, 1776. He was there captured and detained a prisoner 
of war " four years wanting sixteen days." His service is accredited 
to the end of the war, and he received a pension in Berkeley county, 
Va., under act May 15, 1828, as a captain, to which he had been 
promoted while a prisoner. 



A LIST OF CLAIMS BROUGHT AGAINST THE STATE OF VIRGINIA Br 
OFFICERS OF HER LINE ON CONTINENTAL ESTABLISHMENT. 

Lieu tenant-colonels. 

Thomas Posey, for pay from September 11, 1782, to March 10, 1783, and balance 

of subsistence from January 1, 1782, to March 10, 1783. 
Samuel Cabell, claim referred to John Pierce, Postmaster-general. 
John Webb, for depreciation of his pay, and his account for commutation. 
Oliver Towles, for pay and commutation. 

Majors. 

Samuel Finley, claim for pay in 1776, 1782, and 1783. 

"William Taylor, deranged in 1781, claim for commutation. 

Joseph Crocket, claim for twelve months pay as a supernumerary Captain. 

William Croghan, sundry accounts. 

Captains. 

Abraham Kilpatrick, old money account. 
Clough Skelton, recruiting account. 
Francis Minnis, for pay in 1783. 
Erasmus Gill, ration account. 

John Mountjoy, twelve months pay as supernumerary. 
James Williams, subsistence account. 



A LIST OF CLAIMS AGAINST VIRGINIA. 



399 



Nathan Reid, subsistence account. 

Strother Jones, account for commutation. 

John B. Johnson, account for pay, &c. 

Presley Nevill, do. do. 

Lewis Thomas, for pay and subsistence in 1782. 

John Fitzgerald, do. do. in 1783. 

Simon Morgan, account for pay, &c. 

Lieutenants. 

William Brownlee, for commutation. 

Charles Jones, account as Paymaster up to 1783 

Nicholas Taliaferro, recruiting account. 

William Triplett, for commutation. 

John Gordon, for pay in 1782 and 1783. 

William Patterson, for sundry expenses. 

Christopher Greenup, recruiting account. 

Charles Erskine, for pay in 1782 and 1783 as Lieutenant of Dragoons. 

William Stevenson, for pay in 1782 and 1783 as Lieutenant of Artillery. 

Albion Throckmorton, for pay in 1783 as Cornet in Lee s Legion. 

James Wallace, for pay in 1782, and commutation. 

George Blakemore, for expenses as Lieutenant. 



James Bedford, Sergeant, recruiting 

account. 
William Dinsmore, for pay as private 

in 1782 and 1783. 
A. McMahan, for pay as Sergeant of 

Dragoons. 
John Rogers, for pay as private in 

1782 and 1783. 
James Bowser, for pay as private in 

1782 and 1783. 
Elias Honey, pay as Matross in 1782 

and 1783. 

Henry Craddock, balance due as Ser 
geant. 

George Gillaspie, pay as Musician. 
Daniel Wilkinson, pay as private. 
Robert Brown, do. do. 

Lewis Peyton, do. do. 

James Brook, do. do. 

Samuel Horton, pay as Dragoon. 
Joseph Cooker, pay as Matross. 
Spencer Cooper, do. do. 
Thomas Smith, pay as Drum-major. 
Nicholas Neil, pay as Sergeant. 
John Ayres, pay as private. 



Zadoc Robertson, pay as Matross. 
Martin Whitsell, do. do. 

Jacob Shoomaker, do. do. 

Daniel Carn, do. do. 

James Dixon, pay as Dragoon. 
Charles Neal, do. do. 

William Smothers, pay as Matross. 
George Moxley, pay as Corporal of 

Dragoons. 
Joseph Timberlake., pay as private of 

guards. 

Nathan Fortune, pay as Dragoon. 
Jacob Gore, pay as Serg. of Dragoons. 
John Plodd, pay as Dragoon. 
Adam Andrew, do. do. 

John Demoss, pay as private. 
John Reasoner, do. do. 

John Trotler, do. do. 

John McDowell, do. do. 

Alexander Scott, pay as Matross. 
Elisha Dickerson, pay as Dragoon in 

1782. 
William Wood, pay as Corporal of 

Artillery. 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS 

0*F THE CONTINENTAL CONGKESS WITH THE OFFICEBS OF THE 
KEVOLUTIONAEY AKMY. 



IN CONGRESS, August 14, 1776. 

Whereas it has been the wise policy of these States to extend the 
protection of their laws to all those who should settle among them, 
of whatever nation or religion they might be, and to admit them to 
a participation of the benefits of civil and religious freedom ; and 
the benevolence of this practice, as well as its salutary effects, have 
rendered it worthy of being continued in future times : and where 
as his Britannic majesty, in order to destroy our freedom and hap 
piness, has commenced against us a cruel and unprovoked war ; and 
unable to engage Britons sufficient to execute his sanguinary meas 
ures, has applied for aid to foreign princes, who are in the habit of 
selling the blood of their people for money, and from them has pro 
cured and transported hither considerable numbers of foreigners. 
And it is conceived that such foreigners, if apprised of the practice 
of these States, would choose to accept of lands, liberty, safety, and 
a communion of good laws and mild government, in a country 
where many of their friends and relations are already happily set 
tled, rather than continue exposed to the toils and dangers of a long 
and bloody war, waged against a people guilty of no other crime 
than that of refusing to exchange freedom for slavery ; and that 
they will do this the more especially, when they reflect that after 
they have violated every Christian and moral precept, by invading 
and attempting to destroy those who have never injured them or 
their country, their only reward, if they escape death and captivity, 
will be a return to the despotism of their prince, to be by him again 
sold to do the drudgery of some other enemy to the rights of man 
kind. And whereas the parliament of Great Britain have thought 
fit, by a late act, not only to invite our troops to desert our service, 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 401 

but to direct a compulsion of our people, taken at sea, to serve 
against their country : 

Resolved, therefore, That these States will receive all such foreign 
ers who shall leave the armies of his Britannic majesty in America, 
and shall choose to become members of any of these States, and 
they shall be protected in the free exercise of their respective reli 
gions, and be invested with the rights, privileges, and immunities 
of natives, as established by the laws of these States, and moreover, 
that this Congress will provide for every such person fifty acres of 
unappropriated lands, in some of these States, to be held by him 
and his heirs in absolute property. 

Congress proceeding to take into further consideration the expe 
diency of inviting, from the service of his Britannic majesty, such 
foreigners as are engaged therein, and expecting that among the 
officers having command in the said foreign corps there may be 
many of liberal minds, possessing just sentiments of the rights of 
human nature, and of the inestimable value of freedom, who may 
be prompted to renounce so dishonorable a service by the feelings 
of humanity, and a just indignation at the office to which they are 
devoted by an infamous contract between two arbitrary sovereigns, 
and at the insults offered them, by compelling them to wage war 
against an innocent people who never offended them, nor the nation 
to which they belong, but are only contending for their just rights; 
and willing to tender to them also, as they had before done to the 
soldiers of their corps, a participation of the blessings of peace, lib 
erty, property, and mild government : 

Resolved, That this Congress will give to all such of the said 
foreign officers as shall leave the armies of his Britannic majesty in 
America, and choose to become citizens of these States, unappro 
priated lands, in the following quantities and proportions, to them 
and their heirs in absolute dominion : to a colonel, 1000 acres ; to 
a lieutenant-colonel, 800 acres ; to a major, 600 acres ; to a cap 
tain, 400 acres ; to a lieutenant, 300 acres ; to an ensign, 200 acres; 
to every non-commissioned officer, 100 acres ; and to every other 
officer or person employed in the said foreign corps, and whose office 
or employment is not here specially named, in the like proportion 



4:02 PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 

to their rank or pay in the said corps ; and moreover, that where 
any officers shall bring with them a number of said foreign sol 
diers, this Congress, besides the lands before promised to the said 
officers and soldiers, will give to such officers further rewards, 
proportioned to the number they shall bring over, and suited to the 
nature of their wants: provided that such foreign .fli -crs or sol 
diers shall come over from the armies of his L,i d-mic majesty 
before these offers shall be recalled. 

IN CONGRESS, September 16, 1776. 

Resolved, That, in addition to a money bounty of twenty dollars 
to each non-commissioned officer and private soldier, Congress make 
provision for granting lands, in the following proportions, to the 
officers and soldiers who shall engage in the service, and continue 
therein to the close of the war, or until discharged by Congress, 
and to the representatives of such officers and soldiers as shall be 
slain by the enemy. Such lands to be provided by the United States, 
and whatever expense shall be necessary to procure such land; the 
said expense shall be paid and borne by the States, in the same 
proportion as the other expenses of the war, viz. : to a colonel, 500 
acres ; to a lieutenant-colonel, 450 acres ; to a major, 400 acres ; to 
a captain, 300 acres ; to a lieutenant, 200 acres ; to an ensign, 150 
acres; each non-commissioned officer and soldier, 100 acres. 

* 

IN CONGRESS, May 15, 1778. 

Resolved, unanimously, That all military officers, commissioned 
by Congress, who now are, or hereafter may be, in the service of 
these United States, and shall continue therein during the war, and 
not hold any office of profit under these States, or any of them, shall, 
after the conclusion of the war, be entitled to receive annually, for 
the term of seven years, if they live so long, one-half of the present 
pay of such officers : Provided, That no general officer of the cav 
alry, artillery, or infantry, shall be entitled to receive more than the 
one-half part of the pay of a colonel of such corps respectively : 
And provided, That this resolution shall not extend to any officer 
in the service of the United States, unless he shall have taken an 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 403 

oath of allegiance to, and shall actually reside within, some one of 
the United States. 

Resolved, unanimously, That every non-commissioned military 
officer and soldier who hath enlisted, or shall enlist, into the service 
of these States for and during the war, and. shall continue therein 
to the end thereof, shall be entitled to receive the further reward of 
eighty dollars at the expiration of the war. i 

IN CONGRESS, November 24, 1778. 

Whereas, from the alteration of the establishment, and other 
causes, many valuable officers have been, and may be, omitted in 
the new arrangement as -being supernumerary, who, from their con 
duct and services, are entitled to the honorable notice of Congress, 
and to a suitable provision, until they can return to civil life with 
advantage : Resolved, therefore, That Congress gratefully acknowl 
edge the faithful services of such officers, and that all supernumer 
ary officers be entitled to one year s pay of their commissions re 
spectively, to be computed from the time such officers had leave of 
absence from the Commander-in-Chief on this account ; and Con 
gress do earnestly recommend to the several States to which such 
officers belong, to make such further provision for them as their 
respective circumstances and merit may entitle them to. 

IN CONGRESS, May 22, 1779. 

Resolved, That all Continental officers who are or may be ex 
changed, and not continued in the service, be, after such exchange, 
considered as supernumerary officers, and entitled to the pay pro 
vided by the resolution of Congress of the 24th of November last. 

IN CONGRESS, August 24, 1780. 

Resolved, That the resolution of May 15, 1778, granting seven 
years half-pay to the officers of the army who should continue in 
the service to the end of the war, be extended to the widows of 
those officers who have died, or shall hereafter die, in the service ; 
to commence from the time of such officer s death, and continue for 
the term of seven years ; or if there be no widow, or, in case of 



404: PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 

her death or intermarriage, the said half-pay be given to the orphan 
children of the officer dying as aforesaid, if he shall have left any ; 
and that it be recommended to the legislatures of the respective 
States, to which such officers belong, to make provision for paying 
the same on account of the United States; that the restricting 
clause in the resolution of May 15, 1778, granting half-pay to the 
officers for seven years, expressed in these words, "and not hold any 
office of profit under these States, or any of them," be, and the 
same is hereby, repealed. 

IN CONGRESS, October 8, 1780. 

Whereas, by the foregoing arrangement (reform of the army, to 
take effect January 1, 1781), many deserving officers must become 
supernumerary, and it is proper that regard be had to them : Re- 
solved, That, from the time the reform of the army takes place, 
they be entitled to half-pay for seven years in specie, or other cur 
rent money equivalent, and also grants of lands at the close of the 
war, agreeably to the resolution of September 16, 1776. 

IN CONGRESS, October 21, 1780. 

Resolved, That the Commander-in-Chief, and commanding officer 
in the Southern department, direct the officers of each State to 
meet and agree upon the officers for the regiments to be raised by 
their respective States, from those who incline to continue in the 
service, and where it cannot be done by agreement, to be deter 
mined by seniority, and make return of those who are to remain ; 
which is to be transmitted to Congress, together with the names of 
the officers reduced, who are to be allowed half-pay for life. 

Resolved, That the officers who shall continue in the service to 
the end of the war shall also be entitled to half-pay during life, to 
commence from the time of their reduction. 

IN CONGRESS, November 28, 1780. 

Resolved, That the said half-pay for life be extended to all Major- 
generals and Brigadier-generals who shall continue in service to the 
end of the war. 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 405 

Resolved, That the resolution of October 21 was so meant and 
intended. 

IN CONGRESS, January 17, 1781. 

Resolved, That all officers in the hospital department and medi 
cal staff, hereinafter mentioned, who shall continue in service to the 
end of the war, or be reduced before that time, as supernumeraries, 
shall be entitled to, and receive, during life, in lieu of half-pay, the 
following allowance, viz. : The director of the hospital equal to the 
half-pay of a Lieutenant-colonel. 

Chief physicians and surgeons of the army and hospitals, and hos 
pital physicians and surgeons, purveyor, apothecary, and regimental 
surgeons, each equal to the half-pay of a Captain. 

IN CONGRESS, May 8, 1781. 

Resolved, That every chaplain, deemed and certified to the Board 
of War to be supernumerary, be no longer continued in service, 
and be entitled to have their depreciation made good, and to the 
half-pay of Captains for life. 

IN CONGRESS, May 26, 1781. 

Resolved, That the officers of the Flying-Camp, lately returned 
from captivity, be allowed depreciation by their respective States in 
the same manner as officers in the line of such States : That in set 
tling the accounts of officers returned from captivity, and who are 
entitled to the benefit of the resolutions of November 24, 1780, and 
May 22, 1779, the auditors allow the year s pay mentioned in said 
resolutions in bills of the new emission. 

IN CONGRESS, December 31, 1781. 

Resolved, That all officers of the line of the army below the 
rank of Brigadier-general, who do not belong to the line of any par 
ticular State, or separate corps of the army, and are entitled by acts 
of Congress to pay and subsistence, shall have the same, with the 
depreciation of their pay made good to January 1, 1782. 

Resolved, That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby direct 
ed to make returns to Congress, on or before the 20th day of Janu- 



406 PKOMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 

ary, 1782, of the names and rank of all the officers necessary to be 
retained in service, that are included in the preceding resolution. 

Resolved, That all officers included in the foregoing description, 
and whose names shall not be inserted in the returns directed to be 
made by the preceding resolution, shall be considered as retiring 
from service January 1, 1782; provided always, that nothing con 
tained in these resolutions shall be construed so as to prevent or 
hinder any officer that shall retire as aforesaid from enjoying all the 
emoluments that he may, upon retiring, be entitled to by any for 
mer acts of Congress. 

IN CONGRESS, March 22, 1783. 

Whereas, the officers of the several lines under the immediate 
command of his Excellency, General Washington, did, by their late 
memorial, transmitted by their committee, represent to Congress 
that the half-pay granted by sundry resolutions was regarded in an 
unfavorable light by the citizens of some of these States, who would 
prefer a compensation for a limited term of years, or by a sum in 
gross, to an establishment for life ; and did, on that account, solicit 
a commutation of their half-pay for an equivalent, in one of the two 
modes above mentioned, in order to remove all subject of dissatisfac 
tion from the minds of their fellow-citizens : and whereas, Congress 
are desirous, as well of gratifying the reasonable expectations of the 
officers of the army, as of removing all objections which may exist 
in any part of the United States to the principle of the half-pay es 
tablishment, for which the faith of the United States hath been 
pledged ; persuaded that these objections can only arise from the 
nature of the compensation, not from any indisposition to compen 
sate those whose services, sacrifices, and sufferings have so just a 
title to the approbation and rewards of their country. Therefore, 

Resolved, That such officers as are now in service, and shall con 
tinue therein to the end of the war, shall be entitled to receive the 
amount of five years full pay in money, or securities on interest at 
six per cent, per annum, as Congress shall find most convenient, in 
stead of the half-pay promised for life by the resolution of October 
21, 1780; the said securities to be such as shall be given to other 



PROMISES AND CONTEACTS OF CONGRESS. 407 

creditors of the United States : Provided, It be at the option of the 
lines of the respective States, and not of officers individually in 
those lines, to accept or refuse the same : And provided, also, 
That their election shall be signified to Congress through the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, from lines under his immediate command, within 
two months, and through the commanding officer of the Southern 
army from those under his command, within six months from the 
date of this resolution : That the same commutation shall extend 
to the corps not belonging to the lines of any particular States, and 
who are entitled to half-pay for life as aforesaid ; the acceptance or 
refusal to be determined by corps, and to be signified in the same 
manner, and within the same time, as above mentioned : That all 
officers belonging to the hospital department, who are entitled to 
half-pay by the resolution of January 17, 1781, may collectively 
agree to accept or refuse the aforesaid commutation, signifying the 
same, through the Commander-in-Chief, within six months from 
this time : That such officers as have retired at different periods, 
entitled to half-pay for life, may collectively, in each State of which 
they are inhabitants, accept or refuse the same ; their acceptance 
or refusal to be signified by agents authorized for that purpose, 
within six months from this period : That with respect to such re 
tiring officers, the commutation, if accepted by them, shall be in 
lieu of whatever may be now due to them since the time of their 
retiring from service, as well as of what might hereafter become 
due ; and that, so soon as their acceptance shall be signified, the 
Superintendent of Finance be, and he is hereby directed to take 
measures for the settlement of their accounts accordingly, and to - 
issue to them certificates bearing interest at six per cent. : That all 
officers entitled to half-pay for life, not included in the preceding 
resolution, may also collectively agree to accept or refuse the afore 
said commutation, signifying the same within six months from this 
time. 

IN CONGRESS, May 16, 1783. 

Resolved, That the commutation in lieu of half pay, as well to 
chaplains as to the officers of the hospital departments and medical 



408 PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 

staff, shall be calculated by what they are respectively entitled to 
agreeably to the resolutions of the 17th Jan. and 8th May, 1781. 

IN CONGRESS, January 26, 1784. 

Resolved, That half-pay cannot be allowed to any officer, or to 
any class or denomination of officers, to whom it has not heretofore 
been expressly promised. 

IN CONGRESS, February 11, 1784. 

Resolved, That Congress agree to the following Report : 
"That, by a resolve of November 24, 1778, it was provided that 
all deranged officers should be entitled to one year s pay ; and it 
was further provided, that officers who had been prisoners with the 
enemy, and then were, or thereafter might be exchanged, should, 
if appointed by authority of the State, be entitled to return into the 
service in the same rank they would have had if they had not been 
captured, under certain restrictions, and that they should receive 
half-pay till the time of their entering again into the service. Un 
der this act, certain officers claim half-pay to the end of the war, 
and the commutation for half-pay from that period during life ; on 
which the committee observe, that the half-pay first mentioned was 
promised as a temporary support to such officers as should be re- 
appointed by their respective States, and to none besides ; and that 
all other Continental officers who have been prisoners with the en 
emy and deranged, are entitled to one year s pay, and nothing be 
sides. That such was the intention of Congress is explained by the 
subsequent acts of May 22, 1779, and May 26, 1781. There is no 
act under which those officers can claim the commutation for half- 
pay. It is provided by a resolve of June 28, 1782, that * there 
shall be such additional pay and emoluments to the pay of Captains 
and subalterns serving as Aides-de-Camp to Major and Brigadier 
Generals, and to Brigade-majors, as shall make their pay and emol 
uments equal to the pay and emoluments of a Major in the line of 
the army. Under these resolutions certain Aides and Brigade-majors, 
who are Captains or subalterns in the line, claim commutation 
equal to that of a Major in the line. This claim appears for sundry 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 409 

reasons to be ill-founded. The offices which these gentlemen held 
out of the line were temporary, and the additional pay and emolu 
ments were certainly promised to them while they continued to 
serve in those offices, and no longer. If they are supposed to found 
their claim to the commutation of a Major, under the head of ad 
ditional emoluments, their claim must be ill-founded, for it is clear, 
from the terms of the resolution, that pay and emoluments do not 
signify the same thing, but the commutation is the substitute for 
pay alone, or half-pay, and not for rations, nor any other emolument. 
On the whole, the Committee are of opinion that the Paymaster- 
general, in settling the accounts of the army, in all claims which 
may be brought for half-pay or commutation, should be determined 
by the Act of the 26th January, 1784." 

IN CONGRESS, June 3, 1784. 

Resolved, That an interest of six per cent, per annum be allowed 
to all creditors of the United States for supplies furnished or services 
done, from the time the payment becomes due. 

IN CONGRESS, March 8, 1785. 

Resolved, That the officers who retired under the resolve of De 
cember 31, 1781, are equally entitled to the half-pay or commuta 
tion with those officers who retired under the resolves of the 3d 
and 21st October, 1780. 

IN CONGRESS, August 11, 1790. 

And be it further enacted, That Caleb Brewster, lately a lieuten 
ant, who was wounded and disabled in the service of the United 
States, be allowed three hundred and forty-eight dollars and fifty- 
seven cents, the amount of his necessary expenses for sustenance 
and medical assistance, while dangerously ill of his wounds, inclu 
ding the interest to the 1st of July, 1790. And that the said 
Brewster be allowed a pension, equal to his half-pay as Lieutenant, 
from the 3d of November, 1783, he first having returned his com 
mutation of half-pay. 

18 



410 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



A LIST OF OFFICERS OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY OF THE REVOLU 
TION, WHO WERE EITHER KILLED IN SERVICE, BECAME SUPERNU 
MERARY, OR SERVED TO THE END OF THE WAR, AND ACQUIRED THE 
RIGHT TO HALF-PAY, COMMUTATION, AND BOUNTY LAND UNDER THE 
PRECEDING ACTS OF CONGRESS. 



Allen, Ethan, Colonel, N. H. 
Angell, Israel, do. R. I. 
Adams, Peter, Lieut. Col., Md. 
Anderson, Eichard C., Lt. Col., Va. 
Armstrong, James, Colonel, N. C. 
Armstrong, John, Lieut. Col., N. C. 
Allen, Ichabod, Col., Mass. Killed 

by the Indians at Cherry Valley, 

Nov. 11, 1778. 
Adams, Winburn, Lieut. Col., N. H. 

Died Sept. 19, 1777. 
Allen, David, Surgeon s Mate, N. H. 
Addrick, George, Captain, do. 
Adams, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Adams, Samuel, do. do. 

Ashley, Moses, Major, Mass. 

Allen, Noah, do. do, 

Allen, Nathaniel C., Captain, do. 
Abbott, Stephen, do. do. 

Ames, Jotham, Lieutenant, do. 
Andrews, William, da do. 

Austin, John, do. do. 

Adams, Henry, Surgeon, do. 
Adams, Samuel, do. do* 

Adams, Levi, Ensign,. do. 

Abbott, Josiah, do. do. 

Allen, Jacob, Captain, Mass. Died 

Sept. 19, 1777. 
Andrews, Joseph, Lieutenant, Mass. 

Died Sept. 11, 1780. 
Arnold, Noyes, Lieutenant, Mass. 

Died Aug. 23, 1778. 
Andrews, Joseph, Lieutenant, Mass. 

Died Dec. 1, 1777. 
Arnold, Thomas, Captain, R. I. 
Allen, William, do. do. 
Allen, Timothy, do. Conn. 
Adams, David, Surgeon, do. 



Anderson, Thomas, Lieut., Conn. 
Avery, Simeon, do. do. 

Allen, Robert, do. do. 

Alden, Judah, Captain, Conn. Died 

Aug. 22, 1777. 

Acrson, Aaron, Captain, N. Y. 
Adams, Jonas, Lieutenant, do. 
Anspack, Peter, do. do. 
Appleton, Abraham, do. N. J. 
Anderson, James, do. do. 
Anderson, William, do. do. 
Anderson, Joseph J., Captain, N. J- 
Anderson, Ephraim, Adjutant, do- 
Adams, William, Surgeon, Penn- 
Allison, Richard, Mate, do. 

Armstrong, John, Major, do. 
Alexander, William, do. do. 
Armstrong, James, do-. da, 
Armstrong, John, Lieut., do. 
Ash ton,, Joseph, do. do. 
Allison, Robert, do. do. 
Anderson, Thomas, do. Delaware, 
Adams, William, do. Maryland. 
Anderson, Richard, Captain, do. 
Anderson, John, Captain, Virginia^ 
Allen David, Lieutenant, do. 
Archer, Peter F., do. do. 

Archer, Richard, do. do. 

Ashby, Benjamin, do. do. 

Armstrong, Wm., Captain, N. Car- 
Armstrong, Thomas, do. do. 
Ash.e, Samuel, do. do. 

Alexander, Win., Lieut., do. 
Alexander, Nath l, Surg. Mate, S. C. 
Axon, Sarauel J., do; do. 

Allison, Henry, Lieut., Georgia. 
Ashe, John B., Lieutenaat-colonel, 

North Carolina. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



411 



Adams, Nathan, Captain, Delaware. 

Died March 27, 1776. 
Anderson, , Major, Maryland. 

Killed at Guilford Court-House, 

March 15, 1781. 
Armstrong, Mark, Capt., Maryland. 

Killed at the siege of " Ninety- 
Six," June 18, 1781. 
Arundell Dohickey, Captain, Virginia. 

Killed July 8, 1776. 
Avebing, Phillippe, Lieut. Dragoons, 

Pennsylvania. 

Baron De Kalb, Maj. Gen. Killed at 
the battle of Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 

Bunner, Bndolph, Col., Penn. Killed 
at Monmouth, June 28, 1778. 

Byles, Thomas L., Major, Pennsyl 
vania. Died Feb. 1, 1779. 

Bush, John, Lieut., South Carolina. 
Killed at the siege of Savannah, 
Oct. 9, 1779. 

Barren, John, Lieut., Mass. Killed 
at Concord, April 19, 1775. 

Beatty, Wm., Captain, Md. Killed 
at Hobkirk s Hill, April 24, 1781. 

Beall, Zachariah, Captain, N. Hamp 
shire. Died Oct. 27, 1777. 

Bell, Frederick M., Captain, New 
Hampshire. Died Oct. 8, 1777. 

Bryant, David, Captain, Massachu 
setts. Died Sept. 11, 1777. 

Bond, William, Colonel, Massachu 
setts. Died Aug. 31, 1776. 

Bragdon, Josiah, Lieut., Massachu 
setts. Died April 30, 1778. 

Brown, Stephen, Capt., Connecticut. 
Died Nov. 16, 1777. 

Barber, David, Lieut., Connecticut, 
Died Dec. 25, 1777. 

Baker, Francis, Colonel, New Jersey. 
Died Jan. 6,1783. 

Barren, William, Lieut., Virginia. 
Died March 26, 1778. 

Blair, John, Lieut., Va. Died Aug. 
18, 1780. 



Bunting, William B., Lieut., Virginia. 

Died April 1, 1777. 
Bell, Wm. M., Capt., N. Hampshire. 
Bay ley, Mountjoy, Capt., Maryland. 
Brownson, Gideon, Major, N. H. 
Blodget, Caleb, Lieutenant, do. 
Blanchard, James, do. do. 
Beach, Samuel, do. do. 
Blake, Thomas, do. do. 
Butterfield, Jonas, do. do. 
Blackwell, Thomas, Captain, Va. 
Brooke, Edmund, Lieut., do. 
Boynton, Joseph, do. N. H. 
Bacon, Oliver, do. do. 

Barrett, Oliver, do. do. 
Barnett, James, do. Virginia, 
Bigelow, Timothy, Colonel, Mass. 
Baldwin, Jeduthan, do. do. 
Bailey, John, do. do. 

Bradford, Gamaliel, do. do. 
Bassett, Berachiah, do. do. 
Brooks, John, do. do. 

Baird, Absalom, Surgeon, Penn. 
Baylis, Hodijah, Major, Mass. 
Ballard, William H., do. do. 
Brtrn; .TS, John, do. do. 
Bradford, William, do. R. Island. 
Barton, William, Colonel, do. 
Buxton, James, Captain, Mass. 
Bannister, Seth, do. do. 
Burbeck, Henry, do. do. 
Bowman, Phinehas, do. do. 
Blanchard, John, do. do. 

Benson, Joshua, do. do. 
Bailey, Adams, do. do. 

Bailey, Luther, do. do. 

Bradford, Robert, do. do. 
Burley, William, do. do. 
Bates, Joseph, do. do. 

Bogart, Nicholas N., Sur. Mate, R. I. 
Butler, Zebulon, Colonel, Conn. 
Bradley, Philip B., do. do. 
Ballard, Asa, Lieutenant, Mass. 
Bolcom, Joseph, do. do. 
Brown, Ebenezer, do. do. 
Bancroft, James, do. do. 



412 



OFFICEKS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Brown, Ezekiel, Surgeon, Mass. 

Bartlett, Daniel, do. do. 

Ballentine, Eben., Sur. Mate, do. 

Brigham Origen, do. do. 

Bills, Jabez, Lieutenant, do. 

Benjamin, Samuel, do. do. 

Bailey, Thomas, do. do. 

Bussey, Isaiah, do. do. 

Bnffington, Samuel, do. do. 

Bliss, Joseph, do. do. 

Bowles, Ealph H., do. do. 

Barlow, Joel, Chaplain, do. 

Barnet, John, do. do. 

Blake, Edward, Lieutenant, do. 

Bowman, Samuel, do. do. 

Bradley, Levi, do. do. 

Brown, Zephaniah, Captain, E. I. 

Burlingame, Chandler, Lieut., do. 

Bugbee, Edward, do. do. 

Bushnell, David, Captain, Conn. 

Betts, Stephen, do. do. 

Bulkley, Edward, do. do. 

Buel, John II., do. do. 

Benton, Selah, do. - do. 

Bernard, John, do. do. 

Bates, David, do. do. 

Baldwin, Caleb, do. do. 

Billings, Stephen, do. do. 

Baldwin, Abraham, Chapl n, do. 

Brunson, Isaac, Surg. Mate, do. 

Beekman, Jerrick, Captain, N.York. 

Bowman, Nathaniel, Major, N. J. 

Bull, Aaron, Lieutenant, Conn. 

Bennet, James, do. do. 

Beach, David, do. do. 

Bradley, Daniel, do. do. 

Benjamin, Aaron, do. do. 

Beers, Nathan, do. do. 

Belding, Simeon, do. do. 

Beaumont, William, do. do. 

Barnum, Eli, do. do. 

Ball, John, do. do. 

Brooks, David, Asst. Clothier-gen 
eral, New York. 

Burrall, Jona., Dep. P. M. Gen., New- 
York. 



Burr, Aaron, Lieut. Colonel, N. Y. 
Bruin, Jacobus, do. do. 

Bauman, Sebastian, Major, do. 
Bless, Theodore T., Captain, do. 
Bevier, Philip D., do. do. 
Blecker, Leonard, do. do. 
Bull, William, do. do. 

Browne, Joseph, Surgeon, Penn. 
Bard, John, Captain, Georgia. 
Barr, John, Ensign, New York 



Bradford, James, Lieut., 



do. 



Burnett, Eobert, do. do. 

Brewster, Caleb, do. do. 

Brewster, James, do. do. 

Bagley, Josiah, do. do. 

Bowen, Prentice, do. do. 

Barret, James, do. do. 

Brindley, Francis, do. do. 

Belknap, William, do. do. . 
Barber, William, Major, N. Jersey. 

Burrows, John, do. do. 

Bunnell, James, Captain, do. 

Barton, William, do. do. 

Ballard, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Burnett, Wm., Surgeon, do. 

Burnel, Wm., do. do. 

Blair, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Burrows, Eden, do. do. 

Bonham, Absalom, do. do. 

Buck, Joseph, do. do. 

Bishop, John, Ensign, do. 

Brooks, Almarin, do. do. 
Brodhead, Daniel, Colonel, Penn. 

Butler, Eichard, do. do. 

Butler, William, Lieut. Col., do. 

Bayard, Stephen, do. do. 

Beatty, Eeading, Surgeon, do. 

Binney, Barnabas, do. do. 

Burk, Edmund, Captain, do. 

Bartholomew, Benj., do. do. 

Butler, Thomas, do. do. 

Bunner, Jacob, do. do. 

Bush, John, do. do. 

Bowen, Thomas B., do. do. 

Boude, Thomas, do. do. 

Bicker, Henry, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



413 



Brady, Samuel, Captain, Penn. 

Bankson, John, do. do. 

Bo wen, Jacob, do. do. 

Bush, George, do. do. 

Bryce, John, do. do. 

Boyer, Peter, do. do. 

Bond, Thomas, jr., Surgeon, do. 
Bennet, Caleb P., Lieut., Delaware. 

Bryson, Samuel, do. Penn. 

Butler, Edward, do. do. 

Beatty, Eukuries, do. do. 

Ball, Blackall W., do. do. 

Butler, Percival, do. do. 

Blauer, George, do. do. 

Bevins, Wilder, do. do. 

Barclay, John, do. do. 

Boyd, John, do. do. 

Benstead, Alex., do. do. 
Beall, William L., Major, Maryland, 

Brown, William, do. do. 

Brooks, Benjamin, do. do. 
Belt, John Sprigg, Captain, do. 

Brice, Jacob, do. do. 

Bruff, James, do. do. 

Benson, Perry, do. do. 

Beall, Lloyd, do. do. 

Boyer, Michael, do. do. 

Baltzell, Charles, do. do. 

Bruce, William, do. do. 

Bonharn, Malachi, Lieut. do. 

Burgess, Bazel, do. do. 

Britton, Joseph, do. do. 

Burgess, Joshua, do. do. 

Beat Samuel, do. do. 

Boyd, Thomas, do. -do. 

Baques, James, do. do. 

Beatty, Thomas, do. do. 

Baldwin, Henry, do. do. 

Baker, Henry, do. do. 

Brevitt, John, do. do. 

Baylor, George, Colonel, Virginia. 

Buford, Abraham, do. do. 

Ball, Burgess, Lieut. Col., do. 

Bruin, Peter B., Major, do. 
Belfield, John, do. do. 

Bedinger, Henry, Captain, do. 



Biggs, Benjamin, Captain, Virginia. 

Breckenridge, Alex., do. do. 

Butler, Lawrence, do. do. 

Beale, Eobert, do. do. 

Boyer, Michael, do. do. 

Breckenridge, Eobt. do. do. 

Blackwell, Joseph, do. do. 

Bell, Thomas, do. do. 

Barrett, William, do. Virginia. 

Burwell, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Bowne, Thomas, do. do, 

Barbee, Thomas, do, do. 

Booker, Samuel, do. da. 

Blackwell, John, do. do. 

Bentley, William, do. do. 

Buckner, Thomas, do. do. 

Bowyer, Thomas, do. do. 
Baldwin, Cornelius, Surgeon, do. 

Belmain, Alex., Chaplain, do. 
Bradford, Samuel K., Lieut., do. 

Baskerville, Samuel, do. do. 

Ball, Daniel, do. do. 

Bohannon, Ambrose, Lieut, and Pay 
master, Virginia. 

Beck, John, Lieutenant, Virginia. 

Bowyer, Henry, do. do. 

Bell, Henry, do. do, 

Bradford, Charles, do. do. 

Brown, Jacob K., do. do. 

Bowen, John, do. do. 

Brooke, Francis T.,do. do. 

Brooke, John, do. do. 

Booker, Lewis, do. do. 

Bedinger, Daniel, do. do. 

Baylis, Henry, Ensign, do. 
Blyth, Joseph, Surgeon, N.Carolina. 

Boyd, Adam, Chaplain, do. 

Blount, Beading, Major, do. 

Brevard, Alex., Captain, do. 

Ballard, Kedar, do. do. 

Bacott, Peter, do. do. 

Budd, Samuel, do. do. 

Bradley, Gee, do. do. 

Baily, Benjamin, do. do. 

Bell, Eobert, Lieutenant, do. 

Brevard, Joseph, do. do. 



414: 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Bush, William, Lieut., N. Carolina. 
Brownson, Nath., Purveyor, S. Car. 
Brown field, Robt. Sur. Mate, do. 
Beekman, Bernard, Colonel, do. 
Baker, Richard, Captain, do. 
Buchanan, John, do. do. 

Baker, Jesse, do. do. 

Beekman, Sam. Lieutenant, do. 
Bradwell, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Budd, John S., do. do. 

Brown, Charles, do. do. 

Booker, Gideon, Captain, Georgia. 
Brossard, Celeron, do. do. 

Cuthbert, Alex., Captain, Georgia. 

Cook, Parris, do. do. 

Collins, Corn., Lieutenant, do. 

Cowan, Edward, do. do. 

Carne, John, Apothecary, S. Carolina. 

Cooper, Leonard, Captain, do. 

Clarke, Thomas, Colonel, N. Carolina. 

Carter, Benjamin, Captain, do. 

Ciild, Francis, do. do. 

Coleman, Benjamin, do. do. 

Craddock, John, do. do. 

Callender, Thomas, do. do. 

Clark, Thomas, Lieutenant, do. 

Croucher, Anthony, do. do. 

Clendennin, John, do. do. 

Campbell, John, do. do. 

Campen, James, do. do. 

Caldwell, James, Chaplain, New Jer 
sey, Shot by a sentinel at Eliza- 
bethtown Point, Nov. 24, 1781. 

Colburn, Andrew, Lieut. Col., New 
Hampshire. Killed at the battle of 
Stillwater, Sept. 19, 1777. 

Cranston, Abner, Major, Massachu 
setts. Killed May 29, 1777. 

Carpenter, Benajah, Captain, Rhode 
Island. Killed at the battle of Long 
Island, Aug. 27, 1776. 

Coon, James, Lieut., Connecticut. 
Killed Sept. 6, 1780. 

Campbell, Richard, Col., Va. Killed 
at Eutaw Springs, Sept. 8, 1781. 



Chronicle, William, Major. Killed at 

the battle of King s Mountain, Oct. 

7, 1780. 
Calderwood, James, Capt., Virginia. 

Killed Sept. 11, 1777. 
Carson, John, Lieutenant, Maryland. 

Killed Sept. 12, 1781. 
Casey, Benjamin, Captain, Virginia. 

Killed Sept. 1, 1777. 
Cooper, Apollos, Lieutenant, Virginia. 

Killed Sept. 11, 1777. 
Conway, James, Lieut., Va. Killed 

Dec. 28, 177(5. 
Caruthers, John, Lieut., Pa. Killed 

Oct. 4, 1777. 
Carmichael, Alexander, Lieut., Pa. 

Killed Sept. 11, 1777. 
Campbell, John, Capt., Va. Killed 

at Moore s Creek, Feb. 26, 1776. 
Cabell, Samuel J., Lt. Col., Virginia. 
Carrington, Edward, do. do. 
Clark, Jonathan, do. do. 
Croghan, William, Major, do. 
Call, Richard, do. do. 

Cowherd, Francis, Captain, do. 
Carter, John C., do. do. 

Carrington, Maze, do. do. 
Cocke, Colin, do. do. 

Curry, James, do. do. 

Coleman, W T hitehead, do. do. 
Games, Patrick, Captain, Virginia. 
Craike, James, Physician, do. 
Clements, Mace, Surgeon, do. 
Chrystie, Thomas, do. do. 

Claiborne, Richard, Lieut., do. 
Carrington, George, do. do. 
Clay, Matthew, do. do. 

Crute, John, do. do. 

Cannon, Luke, do. do. 

Coleman, Jacob, do. do. 

Clark, Edmond, do. do. 

Coleman, Samuel, do. do. 
Crawford, John, do. do. 
Coverly, Thomas, do. do. 
Clayton, Philip, do. do. 

Crittenden, John, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



415 



Campbell, Archibald, Lieut., Virginia. 
Conway, Joseph, do. do. 
Craddock, Eobert, do. do. 
Ohiderson, Richard, Captain, Md. 
Carlisle, John, do. do. 

Clagett, Horatio, do. do. 

Coates, John, do, do. 

Campbell, William, do, do. 
Cheever, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Clements, Henry, do. do. 
Crops, Joseph, do, do. 

Chapman, Henry H., do. do. 
Compton, Edmund, do, do. 
Carey, John D., do. do. 

Crawford, Jacob, do. do. 
Cox, Daniel P., Captain, Delaware. 
Cutting, John IL, Apothecary, do. 
Campbell, James, Lieutenant, do. 
Conway, John, Lieut. Col., N. J. 
Camming, John N.., do. do. 
Cape, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Cox, Richard, Major, do. 

Campfield, Jabez, Surgeon, do. 
Corn, Samuel, Lieutenant, do. 
Chambers, James, Colonel, Penn. 
Craig, Thomas, do. do. 

Craig, Isaac, Major, do. 

Church, Thomas, do. do. 
Craig, John, Captain, do. 

Craig, Samuel, do. do. 

Carnahan, James, do. do. 
Christie, James, do. do. 

Campbell, Thomas, do. do. 
Claypoole, Abra na G., do. do. 
Coltman, Robert, do. do. 
Cobea, John, do. do. 

Carberry, Henry, do. do. 
Christie, John, do. do. 

Clark, John, do. do. 

Crosley, Jesse, Lieutenant, do. 
Cramer, Jacob, do. do. 

Collier, Joseph, do. do. 

Crawford, Edward, do. do. 

Campbell, James, do. do. 

Crawford, John, do. do. 

Clockner, Christian, do. do. 



Coventry, John, Hos. Mate, Penn. 
Cowel John, do. do. 

Cochran, John, Director Gen., N. Y. 
Clinton, James, Brig. Gen., do. 
Cortlandt, Philip, Colonel, do. 

Cochran, Robert, Lieut. Col., do. 
Clarkson, Matthew, Major, do. 

Codwise, Christopher, Lieut., do. 
Clinton, Alexander, do. do. 
Colbreath, Wm., Lt. & Q,r. Mr. do. 
Crimshier, John D., Lt. & Pay r, do. 
Crosby, Ebenezer, Surg n of Guards, 

New York. 

Cunningham, Henry, Lieut., N. Y. 
Conine, Philip, do. do. 

Connolly, Michael, do. do. 

Cady, Palmer, do. do. 

Cragie, Andrew, Apothecary, do. 
Cook, Samuel, Surgeon, do, 

Campbell, G-eorge, do. do. 

Carpenter, Neherniah, Lieut., do. 
Chapman, Albert, Major, Conn. 

Clift, Wills, do. do. 

Chamberlain, Ephraim, Captain, do. 
Comstock, Samuel, do. do. 

Clift, Samuel, do. do. 

Chapman, Elijah, do. do. 

Chipman, John, do. do. 

Converse, Thomas, do. do. 

Coleman, Noah, Surgeon, do. 
Crosby, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Campbell, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Cunningham, Henry, do. do. 
Colfax, W T illiam, do. do. 

Chapman, Joseph, do. do. 
Curtis, Giles, do. do. 

Colton, George, Ensign, do. 

Clark, Joseph, do. do. 

Cole Abner, do. do. 

Cleveland, John, do. do. 

Crane, John, Colonel, Massachusetts. 
Cobb, David, Lieut. Col., do. 
Carr, Samuel, Major, do. 
Cogswell, Thomas, do. do. 

Cogswell, Amos, Captain, do. 
Cook, David, do. do. 



416 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



Coburn, Asa, Captain, Mass. 

Clark, Silas, do. do. 

Cooper, Ezekiel, do. do. 

Clapp, Caleb, do. do. 

Clayes, Peter, do. do. 

Chambers, Matthew, do. do. 

Cashing, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Crane, John, Surgeon, do. 

Cheever, Abijah, do. do. 
Coggswell,Wm.,Surg n sMate, do. 
Carleton, Moses, Lieutenant, do. 

Carleton, Osgood, do. do. 

Castaing, Peter, do. do. 

Cogswell, Samuel, do. do. 

Condy, Thomas H., do. do. 

Crane, John, do. do. 

Cole, Thomas, do. do. 

Clapp, Joshua, do. do. 

Carey, Jonathan, do. do. 

Callender, John, do. do. 

Cooper, Samuel, do. do. 

Crawley, Florence, do. do. 

Cushing, Thomas, do. do. 

Crook, Joseph, do. do. 

Chapin, Samuel, do. do. 
Cilley, Joseph, Colonel, New Hamp. 

Carr, James, Major, do. 

Cherry, Samuel, Captain, do. 

Cass, Jonathan, do. do. 

Cilley, Jonathan, Lieut. do. 

Clapp, Daniel, do. do. 

Church, Reuben, Ensign, do. 

Davidson, John, Major, Maryland. 
Dorsey, Richard, Captain, do. 
Dyson, Thomas A., Lieut., do. 
Davis, Resin, Captain, do. 

Denny, Robert, Lieutenant, do. 
Denwood, Levin, Surgeon, do. 
Dearborn, Henry, Colonel, N. H. 
Dunston, Moses, Captain, do. 
Dennitt, John, do. do; 

Dustin, Moody, do. do. 
Dunning, Michael, do. do. 
Duponceau, Peter S., Captain. Steu- 
ben s Staff. 



Davidson, William, General, N. Car. 

Killed at Cowan s Ford, February 

1, 1781. 
Dimon, David, Lieut. Colonel, Conn. 

Killed Sept. 17, 1777. 
Douglass, William, Colonel, Conn. 

Killed May 27, 1777. 
Davis, Isaac, Captain, Mass. Killed 

April 19, 1775. 
Dickinson, Edmund B., Major, Va. 

Killed at the battle of Monmouth, 

June 28, 1778. 
Dye, Jonathan, Lieutenant, Virginia. 

Killed Sept. 11, 1777. 
Drake, Thomas, Lieutenant, Virginia. 

Killed Jan. 21, 1777. 
Dunn, Peter, Captain, Va. Killed 

Sept. 26, 1777. 
Donovan, Richard, Adjutant, Md. 

Killed at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 
Dobson, Henry, Captain, Maryland. 

Killed Sept. 8, 1781. 
Duvall, Edward, Lieut., Md. Killed 

at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 
De Hart, Jacob, Aid-de-Camp, Penn, 

Killed July, 21, 1780. 
Davis, Joseph, Captain, Penn. Killed 

April 23, 1779. 
Durkee, John, Colonel, Conn. Died 

at "Bean Hill," March 1, 1782. 
Davenport, Hezekiah, Lieut., Conn. 

Killed April 27, 1777. 
Dunham, Silas, Lieutenant, Conn. 

Killed Dec. 7, 1777. 
Dill, James, Lieut., Penn. Killed 

Sept, 11, 1777. 

Darby, Samuel, Major, Mass. 
Drew, Seth, do. do. 
Dix, Nathan, Captain, Mass. 
Daniels, Japhet, do. do. 
Day, Luke, do. do. 

Day, Elijah, Lieutenant, do. 
Dean, Walter, do. do. 

Davis, John, do. do. 

Danforth, Joshua, do. do. 

Dodge, Levi, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



417 



Dana, Benjamin, Lieutenant, Mass. 
Duffield, John, Surgeon, do. 
Davis, James, Lieutenant, do. 
Davis, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Dexter, John S., Major, R. Island. 
Dexter, Daniel S., Captain, do. 
Durkee, John, do. Conn. 
Dagget, Henry, do. do. 

Douglass, Kichard, do. do. 

Durrance, David, do. do. 

Dole, James, Lieutenant, do. 
De Forrest, Sam l, do. do. 

Denslow, Martin, do. do. 

Dimmick, Benj., do. do. 

Deming, Pownal, do. do. 

Draper, George, Surgeon, New York. 
Davidson, Jas., Commissary, do. 
Davis, John, Major, do. 

Dunscomb, Edw d, Captain, do. 
De Witt, Sim., Geographer, do. 
Doughty, John, Captain, do. 
Doughty, Edward, Major, do. 
Dodge, Henry, Lieutenant, do. 
Dodge, Samuel, do. do. 

Denniston, Daniel, do. do. 

Demler, Henry, do. do. 

Denniston, Geo. I., do. do. 

Dubois, Henry, Captain, do. 

D Aurier, Charles, do. do. 

De Eousse, Pierre Eegnier, Lt. Colo 
nel, New York. 

Dayton, Elias, Brig. Gen., N. Jersey. 

Dayton, Jonathan, Captain, do. 

De Hart, Cynes, do. do. 

Darby, Ephraim, Lieut., do. 

Donnell, Nathaniel, Captain, Penn. 

Dunn, Isaac B., do. do. 

Davis, John, do. do. 

Doyle, John, do. do. 

Douglas, Thomas, do. do. 

Duncan, James, do. do. 

Davidson, James, Surgeon, do. 

Darcy, John, Surg. Mate, do. 

Detrick, Michael, do. do. 

Doty, Samuel, Lieutenant, do. 

De Marcellin, Anth., do. do. 



18* 



Davis, Llewellyn, Lieut., Penn. 
Doxon, Sankee, do. do. 
Dover, Andrew, do. do. 
Dunn, Abner M., do. do. 
Driskill, Joseph, do. Delaware. 
Davis, William, Colonel, Virginia. 
Dabney, Charles, Lt. Col., do. 
Darke, William, do. do. 

Dandridge, John, Captain, do. 
Dandridge, Kobert, do. do. 
Dandridge, Alex., Lieut., do. 
Davenport, Opie, Captain, do. 
Delaplane, James, do. do. 
Dix, Thomas, do. do. 

Dickerson, Edmund, do. do. 
Dick, Alexander, Lieut., do. 
Dobson, Kobert, do. do. 

Klbert, Samuel, Colonel, Georgia. 
Egbert, Jacob V., Surg. Mate, do. 
Elliott, Bernard, Captain, S. Carolina. 
Evans, George, Lieut., do. 

Evans, Thomas, Capt., N. Carolina. 
Eggleston, Joseph, Major, Virginia. 
Eaton, , Major, Georgia. Killed 

at Augusta, Ga., May 21, 1781. 
Ellis, Paul, Captain, Mass. Killed at 

Monmouth, June 28, 1778. 
Eno, Martin, Ensign, Conn. Killed 

Oct. 11, 1780. 
Eppes, Francis, Lieut. Col., Virginia. 

Killed at the battle of Long Island, 

Aug. 27, 1776. 

Eddins, Samuel, Captain, Virginia. 
Edwards, Le Koy, do. do. 
Edmunds, Thomas, do. do. 
Eppes, William, Lieutenant, do. 
Eskridge, William, do. do. 
Eastin, Philip, do. do. 

Erskine, Charles, do. do. 
Evans, William, do. do. 
Eustace, John, do. do. 

Eccleston, John, Major, Maryland. 
Edgerly, Edward, Captain, do. 
Ewing, James, do. do. 

Evans, Elijah, do. do. 



418 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Elbert, John L., Surgeon, Maryland. 
Edmiston, Samuel, Lieut., do. 
Edwards, Evan, Major, Penn. 
Eaines, Worley, Captain, do. 
Everly, Michael, Lieut., do. 
Erwin, James, do. do. 

Elmer, Moses G., Sur. Mate, N. J. 
Elmer, Ebenezer, Surgeon, do. 
Edgar, David, Captain, do. 

Elliott, John, Surg. Mate, N. York. 
English, Samuel, Lieut., do. 
Ellsworth, Peter, do. do. 

Ellis, John, Chaplain, Connecticut. 
Ells, Edward, Captain, do. 
Ennis, Wm., do. Khode Island. 
Eustis, William, Surgeon, Mass. 
Emerson, Nehemiah, Capt., do. 
Englis, Andrew, do. do. 

Eaton, Benjamin, Lieut., do. 
Eggleston, Azariah, do. do. 
Everett, Pelatiah, do. do. 
Essenden, William, do. do. 
Edwards, Thomas, do. do. 
Eldridge, Samuel, do. do. 
Emery, Ephraim, do. do. 
Evans, Israel, Chapl n, N. Hampshire. 
Ellis, Benjamin, Captain, do. 

Fish, Nicholas, Major and Inspector, 

New York. 
Fairlie, James, Lieut, and Aid-de- 

Camp, New York. 

Flermning, George, Captain, N.York. 
Fowler, Theodocius, do. do. 
Fink, Andrew, do. do. 

French, Abner, do. do. 

Frelick, Joseph, Lieutenant, do. 
Furman, John, do. do. 

Fondy, Duoy, Ensign, do. 

Fondy, John, do. do. 

Farwell, Isaac, Captain, N. H. 
Fogg, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Frye, Isaac, do. do. 

Frost, George P., do. do. 

Fernald, Tobias, Colonel, Mass. 
Fisk, Joseph, Surgeon, do. 



Finley, Samuel, Surgeon, Mass. 
Finley, James E. B., do. do. 
Felt, Jonathan, Captain, do. 
Francis, Thomas, do. do. 

Frost, Samuel, do. do. 

Fox, Joseph, do. do. 

Fuller, John, do. do. 

Fowles, John, do. do. 

Fenno, Ephr., Lt. &Qr. Mr., do. 
Frye, Nathaniel, Lieutenant, do. 
Freeman, Thos. D., do. do. 
Freeman, Const. V., do. do. 
Foster, Thomas, do. . do. 

French, Elijah, Ensign, do. 
Frink, Samuel, do. do. 

Floyd, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Frye, Frederick, do. do. 

Foster, Elisha, do. do. 

Fitch, Andrew, Captain, Connecticut. 
Fanning, Charles, Lieut., do. 
Farmer, Thomas, do. do. 
Frothingham, Eben., do. do. 
Forman, Jonathan, Lt. Col., N. J. 
Faulkner, Peter, Ensign, do. 
Fishbourne, Benjamin, Aid-de-Camp 

and Captain, Penn. 
Franks, David S., Aid-de-Camp and 

Major, Penn. 

Fontleroy, Moore, Major, Penn. 
Fiuney, Walter, Captain, do. 
Finley, John, do. do. 

Finley, Joseph L., do. do. 
Freeman, Jeremiah, do. do. 
Ferguson, William, do. do. 
Fullerton, Kichard, Lieut., do. 
Fick, David, do. do. 

Forrest, Uriah, Lt. Col., Maryland. 
Furnival, Alex., Captain, do. 
Finley, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Fickle, Benjamin, Lieut., do. 
Ford, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Febiger, Christian, Colonel, Va. 
Finnic, William, do. do. 
Flemrning, Thomas, do. do, 
Flemming, Charles, Lt. Col. do. 
Finley, Samuel, Major, do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



419 



Fitzhugh, Perrigrine, Capt., Va. 
Fitzgerald, John, do. do. 

Field, Reuben, do. do. 

Fox, Thomas, do. do. 

Fitzhugh, William, Cornet, do. 
Fenn, Thomas, Lieutenant, do. 
Foster, John H., Ensign, do. 
Fawn, William, Captain, N. Carolina. 
Fenner, Robert, do. do. 

Fergus, James, Surgeon, do. 
Fenuer, Richard, Lieut., do. 
Ford, John, do. do. 

Finney, Thomas, do. do. 

Flagg, Henry C., Apothecary, S. C. 
Fay sou x, Peter, Surgeon, do. 
Farrar, Field, do. do. 

Frierson, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Field, James, do. do. 

Ford, Tobias, Ensign, do. 

Frazer, John, Lieutenant, Georgia. 
Fitzpatrick, Pat., do. do. 

Flagg, Ebenezer, Major, R. I. Killed 

by the Tories under Coh Delancy, 

in Westchester county, N. Y., May 

13, 1781. 
Fleming, , Captain. Killed at 

the battle of Princeton, Jan. 3, 1777. 
Forbes, John, Captain, S. C. Killed 

at the battle of Guilford, Mar. 15, 

1781. 
Ford, Benjamin, Lieut. Col., Md. 

Killed at the battle of Hobkirk s 

Hill, April 25, 1781. 
Francis, Ebenezer, Colonel, Mass. 

Killed at the battle of Hubbard- 

town, July 7, 1777. 
Faey, Joseph, Ensign, N. Hampshire. 

Killed Sept. 19, 1777. 
Foster, Ebenezer, Ensign, Massachu 
setts. Killed at Bemis s Heights, 

Oct. 19, 1777. 
Fellows, David, Ensign, Connecticut. 

Killed Dec. 10, 1779. 

Greene, Christopher, Lt. Col., R. I. 
Killed in Westchester Co., N. Y., 



by Col. Delancy s Tories, May 13, 

1781. 
Goodwin, Nathaniel, Captain, Conn. 

Killed May 1, 1777. 
Grimes, William, Captain, Virginia. 

Killed Aug. 1, 1777. 
Gould, David, Surgeon, Va. Died 

July 12, 1781. 
Gardiner, Thomas, Colonel. Killed 

at the battle of Bunker Hill, June 

17, 1775. 
Goodrich, Ezekiel, Lieutenant, Mass. 

Killed Oct. 7, 1777. 
Gray, Hugh, Lieut., Mass. Killed 

Aug. 3, 1777. 
Glenny, William, Lieut., New York. 

Killed Oct. 30, 1781. 
Greene, Ebenezer, Captain, N. H. 
Gillman, Nicholas, do. do. 
Gookin, Daniel, Lieut., do. 

Greaton, John, Brig. Gen., Mass. 
Glover, John, do. do. 

Goodwin, Francis L. B., Surgeon s 

Mate, Mass. 
Graham, Isaac G., Surgeon s Mate, 

Mass. 

Gibbs, Caleb, Major, Mass. 
Goodale, Nathan, Captain, do. 
Green, Francis, do. do. 
Greenleaf, William, Lieut., do. 
Garret, Andrew, do. do. 
Green, John, do. do. 

Gardner, James, do. do. 
Gordon, William, do. do. 
Givens, Robert, do. do. 

Gilbert, Benjamin, do. do. 
George, John, do. do. 

Gridley, John, do. do. 

Graves, Asa, Ensign, do. 
Greaton, John W., do. do. 

Greaton, Rich. H., do. 
Greene, Nathaniel, Maj. Gen., R. I. 
Greenman, Jeremiah, Lieut., do. 
Green, Morley J., do. do. 

Grosvenor, Thos., Lt. Col., Conn. 
Gray, Ebenezer, do. do. 



420 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Gibbs, Samuel, Lieut., Conn. 

Griswold, Andrew, do. do. 

Glenny, William, do. do. 

Gorham, Nehemiah, do. do. 

Grover, Phineas, do. do. 

Goodell, Silas, do. do. 

Gore, Obadiah, do. do. 

Gregory, Matthew, do. do. 

Grant, Benoni, do. do. 

Goodrich Ozias, Ensign, do. 
Gansevoort, Peter, Colonel, N. York. 
Giles, Aquilla, Lieut. Col. and Aid- 

de-Camp, New York. 
Graham, John, Major, N. York. 

Gano, John, Chaplain, do. 

Gano, David, Captain, do. 

Gray, Silas, do. do. 

Goodwin, Henry, do. do. 

Graham, Charles, do. do. 

Gregg, James, do. do. 

Giles, James, Lieutenant, do. 
Graham Steph., Hospital Mate, N. Y. 
Guion, Isaac, Capt. Lieut., do. 
Gildersleeve, Finch, Lieut., do. 

Grier, James, Lieut. Col., Penn. 

Gill, Erasmus, Captain, do. 

Gray, William, do. do. 

Gosmer, Peter, do. do. 

Guthrey, George, Lieut., do. 

Grier, Henry, do. do. 

Gamble, James, do. do. 

Griffith, Levi, do. do. 

Glentworth, James, do. do. 

Gil christ, James, do. do. 
Gilder, Keuben, Surgeon, Delaware. 
Gist, Mordecai, Brig. Gen., Md. 

Gunby, John, Colonel, do. 
Gibson, Jonathan, Captain, do. 

Gassaway, John, do. do. 

Gaither, Henry, do. do. 

Gist, John, do. do. 

Gale, John, do. do. 

Gray, James W., do. do. 

Gerry, Kobert, Lieut. do. 

Gassaway, Nicholas, do. do. 

Gassaway, Henry, do. do. 



Goldsboro , Wm., Lieut., Maryland. 
Grometh, Jacob, do. do. 
Gates, Horatio, Maj. Gen., Virginia. 
Gist, Nathaniel, Colonel, do. 
Gibson, John, do. do. 

Green, John, do. do. 

Gaskins, Thomas, do. do. 

Grayson, William, do. do. 

Gilchrist, George, Major, do. 
Gunn, James, Captain, do. 
Gamble, Kobert, do. do. 

Gillison, John, do. do. 

Gaines, Wm. Fleming, Lieut., do. 
Green, Gabriel, do. do. 

Glascock, Thomas, do. do. 
Gray, Williain, do. do. 

Green, Robert, do. do. 

Gray, Francis, do. do. 

Gordon, Ambrose, do. do. 

Garnett, Benjamin, do. do. 
Gibson, John, Ensign, do. 

Gibbs, Churchill, Lieut., do. 
Green, James W., Surgeon, N. Car. 
Gerard, Francis, Lieutenant, do. 
Graves, Francis, do. do. 

Grimke, John F., Lieut. Col., S. Car 
Gadsden, Thomas, Captain, do. 
Goodwin, Uriah, do. do. 

Goodwin, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Grayson, John, do. do. 

Houston, James, Surgeon, Georgia. 
Habersham, John, Major, do. 
Handley, George, Captain, do. 
Hicks, Isaac, do. do. 

Hillary, Christopher, Lieut., do. 
Hayes, Arthur, do. do. 

Huger, Isaac, Brigadier-general, S. C, 
Henderson, Wm., Lieut. Col., do. 
Harleston, Isaac, Major, do. 

Hyrne, Edmund M., do. do. 

Hart, Oliver, Surgeon s Mate, do. 
Hixt, William, Captain, do. 

Hart, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Hamilton, John, do. do. 

Hazzard, William, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



421 



Howe, Eobert, Maj. Gen., N. Car. 

Harney, Shelby, Colonel, do. 

Hogg, Thomas, Major, do. 

Hadley, Joshua, Captain, do. 

Hall, Clement, do. do. 

Hollhig, Solomon, Surgeon, do. 

Hill, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Hays, Eobert, do. do. 

Holmes, Hardy, do. do. 

Hargrave, Wm., do. do. 
Harrison, Charles, Colonel, Virginia. 

Heth, William, do. do. 

Hawes, Samuel, do. do. 

Hopkins, Samuel, Lieut. Col., do. 

Holmer, Christian, Major, do. 

Hopkins, David, do. do. 

Hill, Thomas, do. do. 

Hayes, John, do. do. 

Hogg, Samuel, Captain, do. 

Holt, Thomas, do. do. 

Heth, Henry, do. do. 

Hughes, John, do. do. 

Ilite, Abraham, do. do. 

Hord, Thomas, do. do. 

Holmes, David, Surgeon, do. 

Hughes, Jasper, Cornet, do. 

Heth, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Holt, James, do. do. 

Harris, John, do. do. 

Hamilton, James, do. do. 

Hunt, John, do. do. 

Hackley, John, do. do. 

Hite, George, do. do. 

Harrison, Lawrence, do. do. 

Harrison, John, do. do. 

Higgins, Peter, do. do. 

Hull, Josiah Carvel, Colonel, Mary d. 
Howard, John Eager, do. do. 
Hardman, Henry, Major, do. 

Hunie, Ezekiel, Surgeon, do. 

Hoops, Adam, Captain, do. 
Hugo, Thomas B., do. do. 

Hamilton, George, do. do. 

Hamilton, John A., do. do. 

Handy, George, do. do. 

Hanson, Isaac, Lieutenant, do. 



Hanson, Samuel, Lieutenant, Md. 
Hanson, William, do. do. 
Hill, Philip, do. do. 

Harris, Arthur, do. do. 

Hamilton, John, do. do. 

Hawkins, Henry, do. do. 
Hartshorn, John, do. do. 
Halkerstone, Eobert, do. do. 
Hamilton, Edward, do. do. 
Hall, David, Colonel, Delaware. 

Hosman, Joseph, Lieutenant, do. 
Hyatt, John V., do. do. 

Hand, Edward, Brigad r Gen., Penn. 
Hampton, Eichard, Colonel, do. 
Hay, Samuel, Lieut. Colonel, do. 
Harmar, Josiah, do. do. 

Hubley, Adam, do. do. 

Hamilton, James, Major, do. 

Humphrey, Jacob, Captain, do. 
Hubley, Bernard, do. do. 

Heard, John, do. do. 

Hopkins, David, do. do. 

Henderson, William, do. do. 

Harris, Eobert, Surgeon s Mate, do. 
Henderson, Gustavus, do. do. 
Hughes, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Hicks, Jacob, do. do. 

Hallet, Jonah, do. do. 

Honeyman, William, do. do. 

Humphreys, John, do. do. 

Howell, Ezekiel, do. do. 

Huston, William, do. do. 

Henderson, Andrew, do. do. 

Herbert, Stewart, do. do. 

Harper, John, do. do. 

Hammond, David, do. do. 

Henley, Henry, do. do. 

Hunter, Andrew, Chaplain, N. Jer y, 
Harris, Jacob, Surgeon, do. 

..I, Captain, do. 
:ui un, do. do. 

. William, do. do. 

H-j .vcll, John, do. do. 

Heard, James, do. do. 

Hendry, Samuel, do. do. 

Halsey, Luther, Lieutenant, do. 



422 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Heyre, Jacob, Ensign, New Jersey. 
Hopper, John, do. do. 

Hamilton, Alexander, Lt. Col., N. Y. 

Hay, Udny, do. do. 

Hay, Samuel, do. do. 
Hubbell, Isaac, Captain, Lieutenant, 

and Paymaster, New York. 

Hanson, Dirck, Captain, N. Y. 

Hughes, James Miles, do. do. 

Hallett, Jonathan, do. do. 

Hamtramck, John F., do. do. 

Hicks, Benjamin, do. do. 

Hardy, Joseph, do. do. 
Hutton, Christopher, Lieuten t, do. 

Harvey, Elisha, do. do. 

Hardenburg, Abraham, do. do. 

Hardenburg, John L., do. do. 

Hyatt, Abraham, do. do. 

Hunt, Thomas, do. do. 

Hanmer, Francis, do. do. 

Hammond, Abijah, do. do. 

Henry, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Herring, Benjamin, Ensign, do. 

Huntington, Jedediah, Brig. Gen., 

Connecticut. 

Huntington, Ebenezer, Lt. Col., Conn. 

Humphreys, David, do. do. 

Holdridge, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Haite, Joseph, do. do. 

Haite, Samuel, Captain, do. 

Hogeland, Jeronimus, do. do. 

Hill, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Hall, Stephen, do. do. 

Hinckley, Ichabod, do. do. 

Humphrey, Elijah, do. do. 

Hodge, Asel, do. do. 

Hopkins, Elisha, do. do. 

Heart, Jonathan, do. do. 

Howley, Gideon, Lieutenant, do. 

Hobart, John, do. do. 

Haite, Samuel, do. do. 

Holt, Silas, do. do. 

Hubbard, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Hosmer, Timothy, Surgeon, do. 

Hosrner, Prentice, Lieutenant, do. 

Hall, Talmadge, Paymaster, do. 



Heath, Peleg, Lieutenant, Conn. 
Higgins, William, do. do. 

Hall, Philemon, do. do. 

Hubble, Solomon, do. do. 

Henshaw, William, do. do. 

Hyde, James, do. do. 

Harman, James, Ensign, do. 

Heart, John, do. do. 

Holden, John, Captain, Rhode I, 
Hughes, Thomas, do. do. 
Humphrey, William, do. do. 

Hubbart, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Hunter, Robert, Ensign, do. 

Heath, William, Maj. Gen., Mass. 

Hull, William, Lieut. Col., do. 
Holbrook, David, Captain, do. 

Hollister, Jesse, do. do. 

Hastings, John, do. do. 

Holden, Aaron, do. do. 

Hondin, Michael G., do. do. 

Hunt, Thomas, do. do. 

Henley, Samuel, do. do. 

Heywood, Benjamin, do. do. 

Hobby, John, do. do. 

Hartshorn, Thomas, do. do. 

Haskell, Elnathan, do. do. 

Hastings, Walter, Surgeon, do. 

Hart, John, do. do. 

Holland, Park, Lieutenant, do. 

Hooker, Zibeon, do. do. 

Hammond, Abijah, do. do. 

Hunt, Ephraim, do. do. 

Hiwell, John, do. do. 

Holbrook, Nathan, do. do. 

Hill, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Haskell, Jonathan, do. do. 

Holden, Levi, do. do. 

Holden, John, do. do. 

Hollidge, John, do. do. 

Holland, Ivory, do. do. 

Hildreth, William, do. do. 

Hoey, Benjamin, do. do. 

Hull, James, do. do. 

Howe, Richard S., Ensign, do. 

Hortou, Elisha, do. do. 

Hainliu, Africa, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF -PAY. 



423 



Hurd, John, Ensign, Mass. 

Henry, Robert R., Surgeon, N. H. 

Hutchins, Nathaniel, Capt., do. 

Harvey, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Howe, Bazaleel, do. do. 

Herkimer, , General, N. York. 

Killed at the battle of Oriskany, 
Aug. 6, 1777. 

Huger, Benjamin, Major, S. Carolina. 
Killed at Charleston Neck, May 11, 
1779. 

Hilton, William, Lieut., North Caro 
lina. Killed July 15, 1779. 

Hawkins, Moses, Captain, Virginia. 
Killed at Germantown, Oct. 4, 1777. 

Humphries, John, Captain, Virginia. 
Killed at Quebec, Dec. 31, 1775. 

Harrison, James, Lieutenant, Va. 
Killed Oct. 7, 1777. 

Hardman, John, Captain, Maryland. 
Killed Sept. 1, 1780. 

Hendricks, William, Captain, Penn. 
Killed Dec. 31, 1775. 

Huston, Alexander, Captain, Penn. 
Killed at Braudywine, September 
11, 1777. 

Hammond, Benjamin, Lieut., Penn. 
Killed Feb. 20, 1778. 

Hopes, Eobert, Captain, Penn. Killed 
at Brandywine, Sept. 11, 1777. 

Holliday, James, Lieut., Penn. Kill 
ed at Brandywine, Sept. 11, 1777. 

Hume, Alexander, Lieut., South Car 
olina. Killed at the storming of 
Savannah, Oct. 9, 1779. 

Holmes, David, Surgeon, Connecti 
cut. Died March 20, 1779. 

Howe, Solomon, Surgeon, Connecti 
cut. Died June 10, 1778. 

Harris, John, Lieut., Connecticut. 
Died Dec. 7, 1777. 

Hopkins, Weigh, Captain, Sheldon s 
Horse. Killed J.uly 15, 1779. 

Hale, Nathan, Captain, Connecticut. 
Sent by Gen. Washington to recon 
noitre the British on Long Island 



in 1776. He was captured by them 

and hanged as a spy Sept. 22, 1776. 

Haslett, John, Colonel, Del. Killed 

at the battle of Princeton, January 

3, 1777. 

Holland, Thomas, Captain, Delaware. 
Killed at Germantown, Oct. 4, 1777. 

Henley, , Major, Aid to Gen. 

Heath. Killed at Montressor s Isl 
and, Sept. 24, 1776. 

Hale, , Colonel. Died a pris 
oner on Long Island, in 1780. 

I*^ia Ilemrft .Coloi, , North Caro 
lina. Killed at Germantown, Oct. 

4, 1777. 

Jn<?erc,oll, George, Lieutenant, Mass. 
Irviaa, William, Brig. Gen., Penn. 
ir\in; do. do. 

Irviuui Andrew, Captain, do. 
irwJH, John, do. do. 

Irvine, Matthew, Surgeon, do. 
Inglis, John, Captain, N. Carolina. 
Ivey, Curtis, Lieutenant, do. 
Irish, Nathaniel, Captain of Artifi 
cers, Pennsylvania. 

Jackson, Ephraim, Colonel, Mass. 

Killed Dec. 19, 1777. 
Johnson, Philip, Colonel, N. Jersey. 

Killed at the battle of Long Island, 

August 27, 1776. 
Jouett, Matthew, Captain, Virginia. 

Died Nov. 15, 1777. 
Jackson, Henry, Colonel, Mass. 
Jackson, Michael, do. do. 
Jackson, Thomas, Captain, do. 
Jackson, Simon, do. do. 
Jackson, Daniel, Lieut., do. 
Jackson, Ebenezer, do. do. 
Jackson, Michael, do. do. 
Johnson, William, do. do. 
Jeffred, Samuel, do. do. 
Jenkins, Joel, do. do. 

Jackson, Amasa, Ensign, do. 
Jackson, Charles, do. do. 



424: 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Johnson, Jonathan, Lt. Col., Conn. 
Jackson, Thomas F., Lieut., Adju 
tant, and Aid, Conn. 
Judd, William, Captain, Conn. 
Judson, David, do. do. 
James, Elijah, Lieut., do, 
Jansen, Cornelius T., Capt., N. Y. 
Johnson, John, do. do. 

Johnson, Robert, Surgeon, do. 
Johnston, James, Lieut., do. 
Johnston, Francis, Colonel, Penn. 
Jackson, Jeremiah, Captain, do. 
Jones, James, Surgeon, do. 
Jones, David, Chaplain, do. 
Jones, James M., Lieut., do. 
Janney, Thomas, do. do. 
Johnston, Andrew, do. do. 
Jaquette, Peter, Captain, Delaware. 
Jennifer, Daniel, Surgeon, Maryland. 
Jordan, John, Capt. of Cav., do. 
Jones, John C., Captain, do. 
Jamison, Adam, Lieut., do. 
Jameson, John, Lieut. Col., Virginia. 
Joines, Levin, do. do. 

Johnston, William, Captain, do. 
Jones, Churchill, do. do. 
Jones, Strother, do. do. 

Johnston, John B., do. do. 
Jones, Albrighton, Lieut., do. 
Johnston, Peter, do. do. 
Jones, Charles, do. do. 
Jones, Samuel, Captain, N. Carolina. 
Jones, Philip, Lieutenant, do. 
Jackson, William, Captain, S. C. 
Jordan, William, Lieut., Georgia. 

Knox, Henry, Major-general, Mass. 
Knapp, Moses, Lieut. Col., do. 
King, Zebulon, Captain, do. 

Killam, Joseph, do. do. 

Kindry, William, Lieut., do. 

Kirby, Ephraim, do. E. Island. 
Kimberly, Ephraim, Captain, Conn. 
King, Joshua, Lieutenant, do. 
Keeler, Isaac, do. do. 

Keeler, Thaddeus, do. do. 



Keeler, Aaron, Ensign, Conn. 

King, John, do. do. 

Knapp, Joshua, do. do. 

Kingsbury, Jacob, do. do. 

Keese, John, Asst. Deputy Quarter 
master-general, New York. 

Kemper, Daniel, Dep. Clothier-gen 
eral, New York. 

Kemper, Jacob, Captain, New York. 

Kirkpatrick, David, Lieut., do. 

Kenney, Abraham, do. N. Jersey. 

Kersey, William, do. do. 

Kennedy, Samuel, Captain, Penn. 

Keene, Lawrence, do. do. 

Kirkwood, Robert, do. Delaware. 

Kidd, Charles, Lieut., Maryland. 

Kilty, William, Surgeon, do. 

Kilty, John, Captain, do. 

Keene, Sam l Y., Sur. Mate, do. 

Kirkpatrick, Abraham, Captain, Va. 

Kendall, Kurtis, do. do. 

Kays, Robert, do. do. 

King, Elisha, Lieutenant, do. 

Kirk, Robert, do. do. 

Kingsbury, John, Captain, North 
Carolina. 

Knapp, John, Lieut., S. Carolina. 

Kolb, Josiah, do. do. 

Kennedy, James, do. do. 

Knowrton, Thomas, Colonel, Conn. 
Killed Sept. 16, 1776. 

Kingman, Edward, Ensign, Mass. 
Killed Sept. 26, 1777. 

Kirkland, Nathaniel, Lieut., Conn. 
Killed Oct. 12, 1777. 

Kennedy, Samuel, Surgeon, Penn. 
Killed June 28, 1778. 

Laurens, John, Lieut. Col., S. Caro 
lina. Killed in a skirmish on the 
Combahee, Aug. 27, 1781. 

Ledyard, William, Colonel. Massa 
cred by Major Bloomfield, a tory, 
under the command of Arnold, tho 
traitor, Sept. 6, 1781, at Fort Gris- 
wold. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



425 



Locke, Francis, Colonel. Killed at 

Charlotte, S. C., Sept. 25, 1780. 
Lewis, Eobert, Capt., Conn. Killed 

Mar. 22-, 1777. 
Lamar, Marian, Major., Penn. Killed 

Sept. 21, 1777. 
Lemon, James, Lieut., Penn. Killed 

Sept. 11, 1777, at Brandywine. 
Lucas, Thomas, Lieutenant, Penn. 

Killed Oct. 4, 1777, at Germantown. 
Leitch, Andrew, Major, Va. Killed 

at Harlem Plains, Sept. 28, 1776. 
Lewis, William, Lieut., Va. Killed 

Sept. 14, 1779. 

Livermore, Daniel, Capt., N. H. 
Lyon, Thomas, Lieut., do. 
Lightall, William, do. do. 

Lyford, Thomas, do. do. 

Leavitt, Nehemiah, do. do. 

Lincoln, Benj., Maj. Gen., Mas. 
Littlefield, Noah M., Lt. Col., do. 
Lincoln, Eufus, Captain, do. 
Lunt, Daniel, do. do. 

Lee, Daniel, do. do. 

Learned Simon, do. do. 

Lord, Simeon, do. do. 

Loughton, Win., Sur. Mate, do. 
Lovejoy, Obadiah, Lieut., do. 
Ligwell, John, do. do. 

Lunt, James, do. do. 

Lilly, Eeuben, do. do. 

Leland, Joseph, do. do. 
Lilly, John, do. do. 

Lyman, Cornelius, Ensign, do. 
Lord, Jeremiah, do. do. 
Leonard, Jacob, do. do. 

Lewis, Elijah, Captain, E. Island. 
Leavenworth, Eli, Major, Conn. 
Lyman, Daniel, do. do. 

L;i\ , Asa, Captain, do. 

Lee, Noah, do. do. 

Loomis, Lebbeus, Lieut., do. 
Lyon, Asa, do. do. 

Lord, William, do. do. 

Lynn, William, do. do. 

Lord, James, do. do. 



Lamb, John, Colonel, N. York. 
Livingston, James, do. do. 
Livingston, Henry B., do. do. 
Lawrence, Judge-advocate General, 

New York. 
Lewis, Morgan, Colonel and Qr. Mr., 

New York. 

Livingston, Brokolst, Lt. Col., N. Y. 
Lutterloh, Henry E., Col., N.York. 
Ledyard, Isaac, Sur. Mate, do. 
Logan, Samuel, Major, do. 

Livingston, Abraham, Capt., do. 
Livingston, Eobt. H., do. do. 
Lewis, Samuel, Lieut., do. 
Leycraft, William, do. do. 
Leycraft, George, do. do. 
Lansing, Garret, G., do. do. 
Leggett, Abraham, do. do. 
Lawrence, Jonathan, Capt., do. 
Lane Derrick, Capt., N. Jersey. 
Leonard, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Lloyd, Eichard, do. do. 
Luce, Francis, Ensign, do. 

Lusk, William, Captain, Penij. 
Lambert, Le Chevalier, Lt., do. 
Lee, Andrew, Lieut., do. 
Leroy, George, do. do. 

Lytle, Andrew, do. do. 

Lodge, Benjamin, do. do. 

Lloyd, James, do. do. 

Latimer, Henry, Surgeon, Delaware. 
Learmouth, John, Captain, do. 
Lansdale, Thomas, Major, Maryland, 
Lucket, Thos. H., do. do. 
Lynch, John, do. do. 

Lingan, James M., Captain, do. 
Lamar, Abraham, do. do. 
Lamar, William, do. do. 
Lynn, David, do. do. 

Lowe, John T., Lieut., do. 

Lynn, John, do. do. 

Lee, Henry, Lieut. Col., Virginia. 
Lawson, Eobert, General, do. 
Lee, Philip E. F., Captain, do. 
Long, Gabriel, do. do. 

Lewis, William, Major, do. 



426 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Lapsley, Samuel, Captain, Virginia. 
Loveley, Win. L., do. do. 
Lind, Arthur, Lieut., do. 

Lawson, Benj., do. do. 

Ludeman, John W., do. do. 
Linton, John, do. do. 

Long, Reuben, do. do. 

Lovell, James, do. do. 

Lamb, Gideon, Colonel, N. Carolina. 
Lytle, Archibald, Lt. Col., do. 
Lytle, William, Captain, do. 
Lewis, Micajah, do. do. 

Lawrence, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Lamb, Abner, do. do. 

Lockman, Chas., Sur. Mate, S. Car. 
Liddell, George, Captain, do. 
Lining, Charles, do. do. 
Legare, James, do. do. 

Lloyd, Edward, Lieut., do. 
Liston, Thomas, do. do. 
Lloyd, Benjamin, do. do. 
Langford, Daniel, do. do. 
Lowe, Philip, Major, Georgia. 
Lane, Joseph, do. do. 

Lucas, John, Captain, do. 

Mercer, Hugh, Brig. Gen., Va. Killed 

at Princeton, Jan. 3, 1777. 
McPherson, John, Aid-de-Camp to 

Gen. Montgomery. Killed at Que 
bec, Dec. 31, 1775. 
Mattocks, John, Captain. Killed at 

King s Mountain, Oct. 7, 1780. 
Montgomery, Eichard, Brig. Gen., 

New York. Killed at Quebec, Dec. 

31, 1775. 
Mum ford, Augustus, Major, R. I. 

Killed at Plowed Hill, Aug. 27, 

1775. 
Morris, Joseph, Major, N. J. Killed 

at Princeton, Jan. 3, 1777. 
McMyers, Andrew, Captain, N. J. 

Killed at German town, Oct. 4, 1777. 
Miller, John, Captain, Penn. Killed 

at Fort Washington, Nov. 16, 1776. 
Motte, Charles, Major, S. C. Killed 



at the storming of Savannah, Oct. 

9, 1779. 
Moore, Willard, Major, Mass. Killed 

at Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 
McClary, Andrew, Major, N. Hamp 
shire. Killed at Bunker Hill, June 

17, 1775. 
Munroe, Edmund, Captain, Mass. 

Killed at Monmouth, June 28, 1778. 
McCauley, Nathaniel, Lieut., N. H. 

Killed Aug. 30, 1779. 
Martin, Peter, Lieut., Penn. Killed 

at Brandy wine, Sept. 11, 1777. 
Morris, Benj., Ensign, Penn. Killed 

at Brandywine, Sept. 11, 1777. 
Mason, Caleb, Ensign, Md. Killed 

at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 
McClintock, Alex., Lieut., Pa. Killed 

at Brandywine, Sept. 11, 1777. 
Magee, William, Ensign, Pa. Killed 

Sept. 20, 1777. 
McLain, Robert A., Ensign, Penn. 

Killed Sept. 27, 1777. 
Morrill, Amos, Major, N. Hampst ire. 
McGregor, David, Captain, do. 
Munroe, Josiah, do. do. 

Morrow, Joshua, Lieut., do. 
Mason, Lemuel, do. do. 
Mills, Joseph, do. do. 

McGaffey, Neal, do. do. 
McLowry, Alex., Ensign, do. 
Marshall, Thomas, Colonel, Mass. 
Maxwell, Hugh, Lt. Col., do. 
Millen, James, do. do. 

Marshall, Chris., Capt., do. 
Maynard, Jonathan, do. do. 
Means, James, do. do. 

McFarland, Moses, do. do. 
Mills, William, do. do. 

Mills, John, do. do. 

Miller, Jeremiah, do. do. 
Moore, William, do. do. 
McLane, Daniel, Lieut., do. 
Morton, Silas, do. do. 

Marble, Henry, do. do. 

Maynard, William, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



427 



Mason, David, Lieut., Mass. 


McEwen, John, Ensign, N. 


Jersey. 


Merrick, Samuel, do. do. 


Moylan, Stephen, Colonel, 


Penn. 


Mellish, Samuel, do. do. 


Magaw, Robert, do. 


do. 


Maynard, John, do. do. 


Murray, John, Lieut. Col., 


do. 


Miller, Joseph, do. do. 


Mentges, Francis, do. 


do. 


Morgan, Benj., Sur. Mate, do. 


Maus, Matthew, Surgeon, 


do. 


McKay, Daniel, Ensign, do. 


Magaw, William, do. 


do. 


Macomber, Eben., Capt., R. Island. 


Martin, Hugh, do. 


do. 


Masury, Joseph, Lieut,, do. 


McCalla, Thomas, do. 


do. 


Meigs, Eeturn J., Colonel, Conn. 


McDowell, John, do. 


do. 


Mather, Timothy, Surgeon, do. 


McCoskey,- Alex., do. 


do. 


Munson, Eneas, Sur. Mate, do. 


McCoffrey, Sam. A., do. 


do. 


Munson, Theophilus, Capt., do. 


McMordie, Robt., Chaplain, 


do. 


Munson, William, do. do. 


McClure, James, Captain, 


do. 


Moulton, William, do. do. 


McCurdy, Wm., do. 


do. 


Morris, James, do. do. 


Mclntire, Thomas, do. 


do. 


McGregor, John, do. do. 


McConnell, Matthew, do. 


do. 


Mix, John, Lieut., do. 


McMurray, William, do. 


do. 


Mix, Timothy, do. do. 


McKey, William, do. 


do. 


Manifield, John, do. do. 


McCully, George, do. 


do. 


Meigs, John, do. do. 


McClellan, John, do. 


do. 


Miller, Charles, do. do. 


McGowan, John, do. 


do. 


McDougall, Alex., Maj. Gen., N. Y. 


Miller, William, do. 


do. 


McDougall, Renald S., Major, do. 


Martin, W T illiam, do. 


do. 


Morris, Lewis, do. do. 


Montgomery, Sam., do. 


do. 


McKnight, Chas., Surgeon, do. 


Marshall, John, do. 


do. 


Menema, Daniel, do. do. 


McCullom, John, Lieut., 


do. 


Moore, Henry, Hos. Mate, do. 


McPherson, Jas. F., do. 


do. 


Machin, Thomas, Captain, do. 


McGuire, Matthew, do. 


do. 


Marshall, Elihu, do. do. 


McDowell, William, do. 


do. 


Motte, Gershom, do. do. 


McKnight, David, do. 


do. 


Moodie, Andrew, do. do. 


McKinney, John, do. 


do. 


Mansfield, Samuel, do. do. 


McMichael, James, do. 


do. 


Morris, Wm. W., Lieut., do. 


McElhatton, Wm., do. 


do. 


Magee, Peter, do. do. 


McLean, James, do. 


do. 


Monty, Francis, do. do. 


McFarlane, James, do. 


do. 


Miles, John, do. do. 


Marshall, David, do. 


do. 


Maxwell, Anthony, do. do. 


Milligan, James, do. 


do. 


Mott, Ebenezer, do. do. 


Markland, John, do. 


do. 


Marsh, John, Ensign, do. 


Moore, William, do. 


do. 


Morre-11, Joseph, do. do. 


Martin, Robert, do. 


do. 


Mason, John, Chaplain, N. Jersey. 


Mahon, John, do. 


do. 


Mitchell, Alex., Captain, do. 


Murrin, William, do. 


do. 


Martin, Absalom, do. do. 


Mytinger, Jacob, do. 


do. 


Meade, Giles, do. do. 


Marcellin, Chevalier, do. 


do. 


Meeker, Usal, Lieutenant, do. 


Manning, Lawrence, do. 


do. 



428 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Marshall, Benjamin, Lieut., Penn. 

Morrison, James, Ensign, do. 
McLean, Allen, Major, Delaware. 

Mitchell, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Moore, James, Captain, do. 

McKennon, Wm., do. do. 

McWilliatns, Steph., Lieut., do. 

McHenry, James, Major, do. 

McAllister, Archibald, Capt., do. 

McFaddon, James, do. do. 

Myers, Christian, do , do. 

McPherson, Samuel, do. do. 

Muse, Walter, do. do. 

Marberry, Joseph, do. do. 

Mason, Thomas, do. do. 

Morris, Jonathan, do. do. 

Mitchell, John, do. do. 

Morgan, David, Lieut., do. 

McCoy, John, do. do. 

McPherson, Mark, do. do. 

Myers, Lawrence, do. do. 
Muhlenberg, Peter, Brig. Gen., Va. 
Morgan, Daniel, do. Virginia. 

Mathews, George, Colonel, do. 

Marshall, Thomas, do. do. 

McCleriahan, Alex., do. do. 

Mathews, Thos., Lt. Col., do. 

Montgomery, John, do. do. 

Meade, Richard, K., do. do. 

Mosely, William, Major, do. 

Minnis, Holman, Captain, do. 

Minnis, Callowhill, do. do. 

Minnis, Francis, do. do. 

Mallory, Philip, do. do. 

Morgan, Simeon, do. do. 

Muir, Francis, do. do. 

Moss, Henry, do. do. 

Morrow, Robert, do. do. 

Morton, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Mabin, James, do. do. 

Meredith, William, do. do. 

Meade, Everard, do. do. 

Mercer, John F., do. do. 

Minor, Thomas, do. do. 

Mosely, Benj., (1) Lieut., do. 

Mosely, Benj., (2) do. do. 



Meri wether, David, Lieut., Virginia. 

Meriwether, James, do. do. 

Miller, Thomas, do. do. 

Mills, John, do. do. 

Miller, Jarran, do. do. 

Morton, James, do. do. 

Miller, David, do. do. 

Miller, William, do. do. 

Martin, Thomas, do. do. 

McGuire, William, do. do. 

Massey, John, Cornet, do. 

Middleton, Baziel, Surgeon, do. 

Munroe, Geprge, do. do. 
Murfree, Hardy, Lieut. Col., N. C. 

McRae, Griffith I., Major, do. 

Mills, James, Captain, do. 

Monfort, Joseph, do. do. 

Moore, Elijah, do. do. 

McNees, John, do. do. 

McClure, William, Surgeon, do. 
McLain, William, Sur. Mate, do. 

Marshall, Dixon, Lieut., do. 

Moore, James, do. do. 

-Moultrie, Wm., Maj. Gen., S. C. 

Marion, Francis, Colonel, do. 

Mayzick, Daniel, Major, do. 

Mitchell, Ephraim, do. do. 

Mason, Richard, Captain, do. 

Milling, Hugh, do. do. 

Martin, John, do. do. 

Mitchell, James, do. do. 

Martin, James, Surgeon, do. 

McGuire, Merry, Lieut., do. 

Moore, Henry, do. do. 

Mayzick, Stephen, do. do. 
Mclntosh, Lachlin, Brig. Gen., Ga. 
Mclntosh, John, Colonel, Georgia. 

Moore, Francis, Major, do. 

Mosby, Littlebury, Captain, do. 

Milton, John, do. do. 

Melvin, George, do. do. 

Mclntosh, William, do. do. 

Mclntosh, Lachlin, Lieut., do. 

Meanly, John, do. do. 

Mitchell, John, do. do. 

Morrison, John, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



429 



Mosby, Eobert, Lieut., Georgia. 
Maxwell, Josiah, do. do. 

Ne :, Daniel, Captain, New Jersey. 
Killed at Princeton, Jan. 3, 1777. 

Nash, Francis, Brig. Gen., N. Caro 
lina. Killed at Germantown, Oct. 
4, 1777. 

Neufville, William, Surgeon, S. C. 

Nelson, John, Major, do. 

Nelson, John, Captain, Virginia. 

Nevil, John, Colonel, do. 

Nelson, William, Lieut. Col., do. 

Nevil, Presley, do. do. 

Norvell, Lipsconib, Captain, do. 

Nixon, Andrew, do. do. 

Nelson, Eoger, Lieutenant, do. 

Norris, Jacob, do. Maryland. 

Nichola, Lewis, Colonel, Penn. 

North, Caleb, Lieut. Col., do. 

North, George, Lieutenant, do. 

Nice, John, Captain, do. 

Neely, Benjamin, do. do. 

Nestell, Peter, do. N. York. . 

Newkirk, Charles, do. do. 

Niven, Daniel, do. do. 

Norton, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Nicholson, Geo. C., do. do. 

Neely, Abraham, do. do. 

Noyes, John, Surgeon, Connecticut. 

Norton, Benjamin, Lieut., do. 

Nixon, John, Brig. Gen., Mass. 

Nixon, Thomas, Colonel, do. 

Newell, Ezra, Lt. Colonel, do. 

North, William, Captain, do. 

Nason, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Nelson, Henry, Lieut., do. 

Olney, Jeremiah, Colonel, R. Island. 
Olney, Coggeshall, Major, do. 
Oliver, Robert, do. Mass. 

Oliver, Alexander, Lieut., do. 
Olmstead, James, do. do. 
Ogden, Mathias, Colonel, N. Jersey. 
Ogden, Aaron, Captain, do. 

Otto Bodo, Surgeon, do. 



Orr, John, Lieutenant, N. J. 
Osman, Benjamin, do. do. 
Oldham, Edward, Captain, Maryland. 
Oldham, Conway, do. Virginia. 
Oliver, William, do. do. 
O Neal, Ferdinand, do. do. 
Overton, John, do. do. 

Oliphant, David, Surgeon, S. C. 
Orgive, George, Lieut., do. 
Ousby, Thomas, do. do. 

Putnam, Eufus, Brig. Gen., Mass. 

Patterson, John, Colonel, do. 

Peters, Andrew, do. do. 

Pope, Isaac, Major, do. 

Porter, William, do. do. 

Perkins, William, do. do. 

Pettingill, Joseph, do. do. 

Pillsbury, Daniel, Captain, do. 

Pray, John, do. do. 

Pike, Benjamin, do. do. 

Pierce, Silas, do. do. 

Pritchard, Thomas, do. do. 

Porter, Benj. J., Sur. Mate, do. 
Porter, Moses, Lieutenant, do. 

Phelan, Edward, do. do. 

Price, William, do. do. 

Pardee, Aaron, do. do. 

Phelan, John, do. do. 

Phelan, Patrick, do. do. 

Pierce, Benjamin, do. do. 

Pratt, Joel, do. do. 

Parker, Elias, do. do. 

Pierce, John, do. do. 

Parker, Benjamin, do. do. 

Parker, Levi, do. do. 

Potter, Joseph, Captain, N. H. 

Page, Moses, Lieutenant, do. 

Perkins, Jonathan, do. do. 

Payne, Francis, do. do. 

Pennyman, Adna, do. do. 

Plumb, William, Chaplain, E. I. 

Peck, William, Major, do. 
Peckham, Benj. L., Captain, do. 

Patton, Thomas, do. " do. 

Pratt, William, Lieutenant, do. 



430 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Putnam, Israel, Maj. Gen., Conn. 

Parsons, Samuel H., do. do. 

Prior, Abner, Major, do. 

Potter, Stephen, Captain, do. 

Phelps, Seth, do. do. 

Parsons, David, do. do. 

Pendleton, Daniel, do. do. 
Perry, Sylvanus, Lieutenant, do. 

Pike, William, do. do. 

Pomeroy, Ealph, do. do. 

Pinto, Solomon, do. do. 

Pride, Reuben, do. do. 
Pickering, Timothy, Colonel, N.Y. 

Platt, Kichard, Major, do. 

Popham, William, Captain, do. 

PembertOB, Robert, do. do. 

Pell, Samuel T., do. do. 

Pawling, Henry, do. do. 

Parsons, Charles, do. do. 

Prior, Abner, Surg. Mate, do. 

Peck, Kiel, Lieut., do. 

Provost, Robert, Ensign, do. 

Peters, William, do. do. 

Phillips, Jonathan, Captain, N. J. 

Platt, William, do. do. 

Parrott, Silas, Lieutenant, do. 

Paul, James, do. do. 

Peck, John, do. do. 
Porter, Andrew, Lieut. Col., Penn. 

Peres, Peter, Surgeon, do. 

Platt, Samuel, Surg. Mate, do. 
Proctor, Francis, Lieut. Col., do. 

Parr, James, Major, do. 

Power, William, Captain, do. 

Prye, Thomas, do. do. 

Paulient, Antoine, do. do. 

Patterson, John, do. do. 

Patton, Robert, do. do. 

Pierson, John, do. do. 

Parker, Alexander, do. do. 

Pike, Zebulon, do. do. 

Power, William, do. do. 

Purcell, Henry D., Lieut., do. 

Pugh, Jonathan, do. do. 

Peasely, Zacheus, do. do. 

Piercy, Henry, do. do. 



Pettigrew, James, Lieutenant, Penn. 
Pratt, John, do. do. 

Peebles, Robert, do. do. 

Peterson, Gabriel, do. do. 

Porter, Robert, do. do. 

Parker, Robert, do. do. 

Purvis, George, Captain, N. Jersey. 
Patten, John, do. do. 

Platt, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Pratt, Edward, Captain, Maryland. 
Price, Benjamin, do. do. 

Price, Thomas, jr., Lieut., do. 
Pendergast, William, do. do. 

Pindell, Richard, Surgeon, do. 
Porterfield, Charles, Lt. Col., Virg a. 
Posey, Thomas, do. do. 

Powell, Levin, do. do. 

Pelham, Charles, Major, do. 

Poulson, John, do. do. 

Pendleton, Nathaniel, Captain, do. 
Pierce, William, do. do. 

Parsons, William, do. do. 

Pemberton, Thomas, do. do. 
Pendleton, James, do. do. 

Parker, Thomas, do. do. 

Parker, Alexander, do. do. 
Payne, Tarleton, do. do. 

Porterfield, Robert, do. do. 
Payne, Thomas, do. do. 

Powell, Peyton, Lieutenant, do. 
Pryor, John, do. do. 

Parsons, Thomas, do. do. 

Porter, William, do. do. 

Perkins, Archelaus, do. do. 

Power, Robert, Cornet, do. 

Perry, John, do. do. 

Payne, Josiah, Ensign, do. 

Patton, John, Colonel, N. Carolina. 
Pearl, James, Captain, do. 
Pinckney, Charles C., Colonel, S. C. 
Pinckriey, Thomas, Lieut. Col., do. 
Parcel], Henry, Chaplain, do. 

Prescott, Joseph, Surgeon, do. 

Pollard, Richard, Captain, do. 

Proveaux, Adrian, do. do. 

Poyas, John E., Hos. Mate, do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



431 



Payne, Thomas, Lieutenant, Georgia. 
Parre, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Parker, Moses, Lt. Col., Mass. Killed 

at Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 
Patton, William, Lieut., Penn. Killed 

at Germantown, Oct. 4, 1777. 
Peyton, Robert, Lieut., Va. Killed 

at Brandywine, Sept. 11, 1777. 
Phillips, Noah, Ensign, Connecticut. 

Killed March 16, 1778. 
Parmelie, Josiah, Capt., Connecticut. 

Killed March 24, 1778. 
Pierce, Timothy, Lieutenant, Penn. 

Killed July 3, 1778. 
Pugh, Willis, Ensign, Virg a. Killed 

May 1, 1777. 

Quarles, James, Captain, Virginia. 
Quarles. Thomas, do. do. 

Quarles, Wm. P., Lieutenant, do. 
Quarles, Robert, do. do. 

Quirk, Thomaa, do. do. 

Reid, George, Lieut. Col., N. Hamp. 
Robinson, Caleb, Major, do. 

Robinson, Noah, Captain, do. 
Rowell, William, do. do. 

Rice, Nathan, Major, Massachusetts. 
Rouse, Oliver, Captain, do. 
Renniek, Timothy, do. do. 

Richardson, Abiah, Surgeon, do. 
Rice, Oliver, Lieutenant, do. 
Ripley, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Reab, George, do. do. 

Richards, William, do. do. 

Row, John, Ensign, do. 

Rawson, Jeduthan, do. do. 

Rogers, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Russell, Thomas, do. do. 
Riley, John, Captain, Conn. 
Reed, Enoch, do. do. 

Robinson, Peter, do. do. 

Rose, John, do. do. 

Rodgers, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Richards, William, do. do. 

Rogers, Jedediah, do. do. 



Rice, Nehemiah, Captain, Conn. 
Russell, Cornelius, Lieut., do. 
Ransom, Elijah, do. do. 

Rhea, Aaron, do. do. 

Richards, Samuel, do. do. 

Robinson, Elias, do. do. 

Rogers, Joseph, Ensign, do. 
Rose, John, Surgeon, do. 

Rosecrans, James, Major, New York 
Randall, Thomas, Captain, do. 
Robecheau, James, do. do. 
Reed, Jacob, do. do. 

Reed, John, do. do. 

Reed, Thomas, Surgeon, do. 
Ryckman, Wilhelm, Lieut., do. 
Ross, John, Major, New Jersey. 
Reading, Samuel, do. do. 

Reckles, Anthony, Lieut., do. 
Reed, John, do. do. 

Eencastle, John, do. do. 
Rhea, Jonathan, do. do. 
Read, John, Ensign, do. 

Robinson, Thomas, Lt. Col., Penn, 
Rogers, John R. B., Surgeon, do. 
Rogers, William, Chaplain, do. 
Rogue, John, Surgeon s Mate, do. 
Reid, James R., Major, do. 

Rose, John, do. do. 

Riely, John, Captain, do. 

Rice, William, do. do. 

Reeves, Enos, Lieutenant, do. 
Robinson, Andrew, do. do. 

Reed, Samuel, do. do. 

Robbins, John, do. do. 

Reed, Archibald, do. do. 

Roche, Edward, do. Delaware. 
Ramsey, Nathaniel, Col., Maryland. 
Rawlings, Moses, Lt. Col., do. 
Richmond, Christopher, Capt., do. 
Roxburg, Alexander, do. do. 
Reed, Philip, do. do. 

Revelly, Francis, do. do. 

Rudolph, Michael, do. do. 

Reily, William, do. do. 

Ricketts, Nicholas, Lieut., do. 
Reybold, Jacob, do. do. 



432 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Rawlings, Isaac, Lieut., Maryland. 

Rutledge, Joshua, do. do. 

Rasin, William, do. do. 

Rouse, Thomas, Ensign, do. 

Russell, William, Colonel, Virginia. 

Read, Isaac, do. do. 

Richardson, Holt, Lt. Col., do. 

Rose, Robert, Surgeon, do. 

Ridley, Thomas, Major, do. 

Reid, Nathan, Captain, do. 

Ragsdale, Drury, do. do. 

Ransdell, Thomas, do. do. 

Roy, Beverly, do. do. 

Russel, Albert, Lieut., do. 

Roney, John, do. do. 

Rankin, Robert, do. do. 

Rudder, Epaphroditus, do. do. 

Rhea, Matthew, do. do. 

Robertson, William, do. do. 

Robertson, John, do. do. 

Reed, Jesse, Captain, N. Carolina. 

Raiford, Robert, do. do. 

Read, James, do. do. 

Rhodes, Joseph T., do. do. 

Read, William, Surgeon, S. Car. 

Ramsay, Jesse H., Surg. Mate, do. 

Roux, Albert, Captain, do. 

Roberts, Richard B., do. do. 

Russell, Thomas C., Lieut., do. 

Rothrnaler, Erasmus, do. do. 

Roberts, Moses, Captain, Massachu 
setts. Killed Feb. 11, 1780. 

Riker, Abraham, Lieutenant, N. Y. 
Killed May 7, 1778. 

Reinick, Christopher, Surgeon, Penn. 
Died Sept. 21, 1777. 

Redpith, John, Lieutenant, N. Car. 
Killed Oct. 13, 1777. 

Ramsey, John, Surgeon, Penn. Died 
Nov. 4, 1776. 

Roberts, Owen, Colonel, S. Carolina. 
Died June 20, 1779. 



Scammell, Alexander, Colonel, N.H. 
Shot by the Hessian Cavalry, at 



Yorktown, Va., Sept. 30, 1781, and 
died Oct. 6, 1781. 

Stirling, Lord, Maj. Gen., N. York. 
Died at Albany, Jan. 15, 1783. His 
proper name was Wm. Alexander. 

Shubrick, Richard, Captain, S. Caro 
lina. Killed Nov. 8, 1777. 

Smith, William, Lieut., Va. Killed 
at German town, Oct. 4, 1777. 

Smith, Samuel, Lieut., Penn. Killed 
May 27, 1777. 

Shile, Peter, Lieut., Penn. Killed 
Nov. 5, 1777. 

Stoddard, Nathan, Captain, Conn. 
Killed May 27, 1777. 

Stoddard, Josiah, Captain, Conn. 
Killed Aug. 24, 1779. 

Shaw, Sylvanus, Captain, R. Island. 
Killed Oct. 22, 1777. 

Shortridge, Benj., Captain, N. Hamp 
shire. Killed July 8, 1776. 

Skillings, John, Capt., Mass. Killed 
April 2, 1777. 

Steele, Aaron, Lieut., Mass. Killed 
Nov. 24, 1777. 

Starke, John, Brig. Gen., N. Hamp. 

Safford, Samuel, Lt. Col., do. 

Stockton, Eben., Surgeon, do. 

Scott, William, Major, do. 

Senter, Asa, Captain, do. 

Smith, Simeon. do. do. 

Starke, Archibald, Lieut., do. 

Stevens, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Sheppard, W r m., Colonel, Mass. 

Sproat, Ebenezer, Lt. Col., do. 

Stacy, William, do. do. 

Smith, Calvin, do. do. 

Stunner, Job, Major, do. 

Spurr, John, do. do. 

Scott, William, do. do. 

Shute, Daniel, Captain, do. 

Sargeant, Winthrop, Captain and 
Aid, Mass. 

Sewall, Henry, Captain, Mass. 

Smith, Josiah, do. do. 

Smith, Sylvanus, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



433 



Smith, John K., Captain, Mass. 

Smith, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Satterlee, William, do. do. 

Sluman, John, do. do. 

Strut-ton, Aaron, do. do. 

Storrey, William, do. do. 

Storer, Ebenezer, Captain and Pay 
master, Mass. 

Shaw, Samuel, Captain, Mass. 

Stone, Jonathan, do, do. 

Seward, Thomas, do. do, 

Sloan, Sturgeon, do. do. 

Stevens, William, do. do. 

Savage, Joseph, do. do. 

Sturdivant, Isaac, Lieut., do. 

Smith, John, do. do. 

Smith, Joseph, do. do. 

Smith, Josiah, do. do. 

Stacker, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Selden, Charles, do. do. 

Sampson, Crockett, do. do. 

Spring, Simeon, do. do. 

Stone, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Savage, Henry, do. do. 

Sheppard, William, do. do. 

Sawyer, James, do. do. 

Scammon, Sam. L., Ensign, do. 

Scott, James, do. do. 

Sever, James, do. do. 

Swan, Caleb, do. do. 

Stafford, John E., do. do. 

Sherburne, Henry, Col., E. Island. 

Sayles, David, Captain, do. 

Sherman, Henry, Lieutenant, do. 

Sherburne, Benjamin, do. do. 

Sheldon, Elisha, Col. of Dragoons, 
Conn. 

Swift, Heman, Colonel, Conn. 

Starr, Josiah, do. do. 

Sumner, John, do. do. 

Sherman, Isaac, Lieut. Col., do. 

Skinner, Thomas, Surgeon, do. 

Simpson, John, do. do. 

Storrs, Justus, do. do. 

Smith, David, Major, do. 

Sill, Eichard, Captain, do. 
19 



Shumway, John, Captain, Conn. 

Starr, David, do. do. 

Savage, Abijah, do. do. 

Stevens, John, do. do. 

Strong, David, do. do. 

Stanton, William, do. do. 

Stevens, Aaron, do. do. 

Simon, Spaulding, do. do. 

Sanford, Samuel, do. do. 

Smith, Ezra, Lieutenant, do. 

Smith, William, do. do. 

Sherman, John, do. do. 

Shipman, Benoni, do. do. 

Starr, Thomas, do. do. 

Shutliff, Benjamin, do. do. 

Seymour, Horace, do. do. 

Smith, Joel, Ensign, do. 

Stevens, Ebenezer, Colonel, do. 
Steuben, Baron Do, Maj. Gen., do. 

Smith, W r m. S., Lt. Col., do. 
Sweet, Caleb, Surgeon, N. York. 

Schuyler, Nich., do. do. 

Smith, Wm. P., Surg. Mate, do. 

Santford, John, Captain, do. 

Smith, Israel, do. .do* 

Stewart, James, do. do. 

Swartwout, Corn., do. do. 

Sytez, George, Major, do. 

Strachan, William, Lieut., do. 

Schuyler, Dirck, do. do. 

Scudder, William, do. do. 

Shaw, John, do. do. 

Smith, Isaac, do. do. 

Smith, John, do. do. 

Snow, Ephraim, do. do. 

Stagg, John, do. do. 

Stake, John, do. do. 

Steddiford, Gerard, do. do. 

Swartwout, Henry, do. do. 

Swartwout, Barnard, Ensign, do. 

Spencer, Oliver, Colonel, N. Jersey. 

Shreeve, Israel, do. do. 

Seely, Samuel, Lieutenant, do. 

Stout, Abraham, do. do. 

Snowden, Jonathan, do. do. 

Sears, Peter, do. do. 



434 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Shute, Samuel M., Lieut., N. Jersey. 
Stout, Wessell, T., do. do. 
Sproal, Moses, do. do. 

Shute, William, Ensign, do. 
Sedam, Cornelius, do. do. 
St. Glair, Arthur, Maj. Gen., Penn. 
Stewart, Walter, Colonel, do. 
Stewart, Christop r, Lt. Col., do. 
Stewart, Alex., Surgeon, do. 
Smith, Wm. H., Surg. Mate, do. 
Stevenson, George, do. do. 
Stotesbury, John, Captain, do. 
Stevenson, Stephen, do. do. 
Simottds, Jonas, do. do. 

Sproat, William, do. do. 
Simpson, Michael, do. do. 
Steele, John, do. do. 

Sample, Robert, do. do. 
Smith, Samuel, do. do. 

Stake, Jacob, do. do. 

Seely, Isaac, do. do. 

St. Clair, Daniel, Lieutenant, do. 
Smith, Peter, do. do. 

Smith, Nathaniel, do. do* 
Smith, James, do. do. 

Stewart, William, do. do. 
Shrader, Philip, do. do. 

Strieker, John, do. do. 

Sullivan, John, do. do. 

Spear, Edward, do. do. 

Stoy, John, do. do. 

Stediford, Gerard, do. do. 
Skillingtou, Elijah, do. Delaware. 
SmalIwood,Wm., Maj. Gen., Md. 
Stone, John H., Colonel,. do. 
Smith, Samuel, Lt. Col., do. 
Swan, Jno., Maj. of Dragoons, do. 
Sellman, Jonathan, Major, do. 
Smith, Joseph, Captain, do. 
Spurrier, Edward, do. do. 
Smith, John, do. do. 

Somerville, James, do. do. 
Smith, James, do, do. 

Smith, John, do, do. 

Smith, Alex., Surg. Mate, do. 
Shugart, Martin, Lieutenant, do. 



Sears, John, Lieutenant, Maryland 

Smith, Edward M., do. do. 

Srnoote, William, do. do. 

Skerritt, Clement, do. do. 

Stoddard, Wm. T., do. do. 

Se-well, Clement, Ensign, do, 
Scott, Charles, Brig. Gen., Virginia. 

Stephenson, David, Major, do. 

Snead, Smith, do. do. 

Skelton, Clough, Captain, do. 

Stith, John, do. do. 

Sansum, Philip, "do. do. 

Springer, Uriah, do. do. 

Singleton, Anthony, do. do. 

Stribling, Sigismund, do. do. 

Stubblefield, Beverly, do. do. 

Stokes, John, do. do. 

Swearingen, Joseph, do. do. 

Sayres, Eobert, do. do. 

Scott, Joseph, do. do. 

Slaughter, Philip, do. do. 
Summers, Simon, Lt. & Adj., do, 

Stockley, Charles, Lieut., do. 

Springer, Jacob, do. do. 

Selden, Samuel, do. do. 

Smith, James, do. do^ 

Smith, Jonathan, do. do. 

Scarborough, John, do. do. 

Southall, Stephen, do. do. 

Stevens, William, do. do. 

Starke, Eichard, do. do. 

Smith, Francis, do. do. 

Smith, William S., do. do. 

Steele, John, do. do. 

Stewart, Philip r do. do. 

Smith, Ballard, do. do. 

Sayres, Thomas, do. do. 

Stribling, Erasmus, do. do. 

Smith, Lark in, do. do. 

Skinner. Alex., Surgeon, do. 

Smith, Nathan, do. do. 

Savage, Joseph, do. do, 

Southall, Stephen, Lieut., do. 

Settle, Strother, do. do. 

Scott, Charles, Cornet, do. 

Sumner, Jethro,. Brig. Gen., N. C. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



435 



Sharpe, Anthony, Captain, N. C. 
Stewart, Charles, do. do. 
Summers, John, do. do. 
Slaughter, John, do. do. 
Slude, Stephen, Lieutenant, do. 
Steed, Jesse, do. do. 

Shaw, Daniel, do. do. 

Scarlock, James, do. do. 
Saunders, William, do. do. 
Scott, William, Lieut. Col., S. C. 
Shubrick, Thomas, Captain and Aid, 

South Carolina. 

Smith, John C., Captain, S. Carolina. 
Sunn, Frederick, Surgeon, do. 
Springer, Sylves., Sur. Mate, do. 
Stevens, William S., do. do. 
Smith, Robert, Chaplain, do. 
Smith, Aaron, Lieut., do. 

Sharpe, James B., Surgeon, Georgia. 
Steadman, James, Lieut., do. 
Shick, Frederick, do. do. 

Scott, William, Captain, do. 

Threadgill, Thomas, Captain, Ga. 
Templeton, Andrew, do. do. 
Tetard, Benjamin, Surgeon, do. 
Tennell, Francis, Lieut., do. 

Tucker, Thomas T., Surgeon, S. C. 
Theus, Simeon, Captain, do. 

Turner, George, do. do. 

Tate, William, do. do. 

Tatum, Howell, clo. N. C. 

Thaxton, James, Lieut. Col., do. 
Tatum, James, Lieutenant, do. 
Towles, Oliver, Lt. Colonel, Virginia. 
Taylor, Richard, do. do. 

Temple, Benjamin, do. do. 

Trezvant, John, Surgeon, do. 
Trant, Lawrence, Captain, do. 
Talliaferro, Benjamin, do. do. 
Terry, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Thomas, Lewis, do. do. 

Throckmorton, Alb., Cornet, do. 
Tannehill, Josiah, Lieut., do. 
Talliaferro, Nicholas, do. do. 
Tatum, Zechariah, do. do. 



Trabue, John, Ensign, Virginia. 
Tabb, Augustine, do. do. 
Tilghman, Tench, Lt. Col., Maryland. 
Tillard, Edward, do. do. 
Tillotson, Thomas, Surgeon, do. 
Tannehill, Adamson, Capt., do. 
Trueman, Alexander, do. do. 
Trueman, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Towson William, do. do. 
Tilton, James, Surgeon, Delaware. 
Taylor, Christopher, Surg. Mate, Pa. 
Thompson, Joseph, do. do. 

Tudor, George, Major, do. 

Talbott, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Turnbull, Charles, Captain, do. 

Talbott, Samuel, do. do. 

Thornbury, Francis, Lieut., do. 

Tilden, John B., do. do. 

Thompson, William, do. do. 

Tunison, Garrett, Surgeon, N. J. 
Thin :. John, Lieutenant, do. 
Thomus, Edward D., do. do. 
Tuttle, William, Ensign, do. 
Troup, Robert, Lieut. Col., N. York. 
Trumbull, John, Dep. Adjt General, 

New York. 

Ten Eyck, John D., Captain, N.Y. 
Ten Broock, John C., do. do. 
Titus, Jonathan, do. do. 

Taulman, Peter, do. do. 

Tiebout, Henry, do. do. 

Thompson, Alexander, Lieut., do. 
Tappan, Peter, do. do. 

Ten Eyck, Abraham, do. do. 
Thompson, Andrew, do. do. 
Talmadge, Samuel, do. do. 

Tuthill, Azariah, do. do. 

Tapp, William, do. do. 

Trumbull, Jona., Lt. Col., Conn. 
Talmadge, Benjamin, Major, do. 
Throop, Benjamin, do. do. 
Ten Eyck, Henry, Captain, do. 
Taylor, Timothy, do. do. 
Trowbridge, John, Lieut., do. 
Thompson, Isaiah, do. do. 
Throop, John R., do. do. 



436 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF- PAY. 



Tanner, Ebenezer, Lieut., Conn. 
Tiffany, Isaiah, do. do. 

Tupper, Benjamin, Colonel, Mass. 
Thompson, Joseph, Lt. Col., do. 
Trescott, Lemuel, Major, do. 
Taylor, Othniel, Captain, do. 
Thomas, Joseph, do. do. 

Thorp, Eliphalet, do. do. 

Trotter, John, do. do. 

Turner, Jonathan, do. do. 

Treadwell, Win., do. do. 

Tisdale, James, do. do. 

Thatcher, James, Surgeon, do. 
Thompson, Thaddeus, do. do. 
Thomas, John, do. do. 

Townsend, David, do. do. 
Tupper, Anselem, Lieut., do. 
Tucker, Joseph, do. do. 

Trowbridge, Luther, do. do. 
Thatcher, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Taylor, Tertius, do. do. 

Tufts, Francis, do. do. 

Thayer, Bartholo., do. do. 
Town, Jacob, do. do. 

Torrey, William, do. do. 
Taylor, William, do. do. 

Turner, Thomas, Captain, do. 
Turner, Malbra, Lieutenant, do. 
Titcomb, Benjamin, Lt. Col., N. H. 
Taulman, Thomas, Lieut., do. 
Taylor, Nathan, do. do. 

Thompson, Joshua, do. do. 

Thomas, John, Major-general, Mass. 

Died at Chambli, May 30, 1776. 
Thomas, Joseph, Lieut. Colonel, New 

Hampshire. Killed at Bemis s 

Heights, Sept. 19, 1777. 
Turner, Jacob, Captain, N. C. Killed 

at Germantown, Oct. 4, 1777. 
Templeman, Andrew, Captain, Geo. 

Killed at the siege of Charleston, 

May 12, 1780. 

Vose, Joseph, Colonel, Mass. 
Vose, Elijah, Lieut. Col., do. 
Vose, Thomas, Captain, do. 



Van Schaick, Goosse", Colonel, N. Y. 

Varick, Richard, Lieut. Col. and Mus. 
Mr. Gen., New York. 

Van Dyck, Corn., Lt. Col., N. York. 

Van Woert, Henry, Lt, and Qr. Mr., 
New York. 

Vosburg, Peter J., Captain, N. Y. 

Van Eennselaer, Nicholas, do. do. 

Vandeburg, Henry, do. do. 

Van Eennselaer, Jeremiah, Lt., do. 

Vacher, John F., Surgeon, do. 

Van Wolkenburg, Earth., Lieut., do. 

Van Hovenbarach, Rudolph, Lt., do. 

Van Wagener, Tunis, Lieut., do. 

Vandeburg, Bartholomew, do. do. 

Van Home, David, Captain, do. 

Van Wagener, Garret, Surgeon, Pa. 

Van Lear, W T illiam, Captain, do. 

Van Home, Isaac, do. do. 

Vernon, Frederick, Major, do. 

Von Heer, Bartholomew, do. do. 

Vernon, Job, Captain, do. 

Van Court, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Vaughan, Joseph, Lieut. Col., Del. 

Vaughan, Joseph, Captain, do. 

Vaughan, Claiborne, Surg. Mate, Va. 

Vanderwall, Marks, Lieutenant, do. 

Van Metre, Joseph, do. do. 

Vance, Robert, do. do. 

Vance, John, Lieutenant, N. Car. 

Vickers, Samuel, Surgeon, S. Car. 

Van Brunne, John De La, Lieuten 
ant, Md. Killed Sept. 12, 1781. 

Voorhees, Peter, Captain, N. Jersey. 
Killed Oct. 26, 1779. 

Vaughan, William, Lieut., Delaware. 
Killed March 22, 1777. 

Van Vleiland, Cornelius, Lieutenant, 
Killed at the storming of Savan 
nah, Oct. 9, 1779. 

Warner, Seth, Colonel, N. R impsh e, 
Wheatcomb, Benj., Major, do. 
Washburn, Azel, Surgeon, do. 
W T alcott, Giles, Captain, do. 

Wearc, Nathan, Lieutenant, do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



437 



Wilkins, Robert B., Lieut., N. H. 
Wesson, James, Colonel, Mass. 

Whitney, Daniel, Lt. Col., do. 

Whitewell, Satn., Surgeon, do. 

Warren, John, do. do. 

Winslow, Nathaniel, Major, do. 

Wiley, John, do. do. 

Walker, Robert, Captain, do. 

Woodbridge, Chris., do. do. 

White, Hatfield, do. do. 

Williams, Abraham, do. do. 

Williams, John, do. do. 

White, Moses, do. do. 

Webb, George, do. do. 

Wattles, Mason, do. do. 

Williams, Joseph, do. do. 

Watson, William, do. do. 

Wade, Abner, do. do. 

Wiggles-worth, Wm., do. do. 

Whitney, John, Lieutenant, do. 

White, Solomon, do. do. 

White, Edward, do. do. 

White, Henry, do. do. 

Warren, Adriel, do. do. 

Wells, James, do. do. 

Williams, Eobert, do. do. 

Williams, Eben., do. do. 

Warren, John, do. do. 

Walker, Ed ward ; do. do. 

Willington, Elisha, do. do. 

Webber, Daniel, do. do. 

Wales, Joseph, do. do. 

Wilds, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Wells, Benjamin, do. do. 

Wing, Jonathan, Ensign, do. 

Wardell, Joseph, do. do. 

Waterman, Jedediah, do. do. 

Ward, Samuel, Lt. Col., K. Island. 

Wheaton, Joseph, Lieut., do. 

Welch, John, do. do. 

Webb, Samuel B., Colonel, Conn. 

Wyllis, Samuel, do. do. 

Watrous, John R., Surgeon, do. 
Woodbridge, Theod., Major, do. 

Wyllis, John P., do. do. 

Waldridge, Amos, do. do. 



Wright, Joseph A., Major, Conn. 
Warner Robert, do. do. 

Webb, John, Captain, do. 
Wadsworth, Elijah, do. do. 
Walker, Joseph, do. do. 
Webb, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Weed, Thaddeus, do. do. 
Wells, Roger, do. do. 

Williams, Sam. W., do. do. 
Woolcut, Erastus, do. do. 
White, John, Lieut. do. 

Wilcox, Joseph, do. do. 
Whiting, Nath. H., do. do. 
Woodward, Peter, do. do. 
Whiting, Fred. J., do. do. 
Wetsell, Michael, do. do. 
Williams, Henry, A., do. do. 
Wales, Ebenezer, do. do. 
Whitney, Joshua, do. do. 

Walmsley, William, Ensign, do. 
White, Anthony Walton, Col., N.Y. 
Weisenfels, Frederick, Lt. Col., do. 
Willett, Marinus, do. do. 

Wendell, Jacob H., Lt. and Adj., do. 
Woodruff, Samuel, Surgeon, do. 
Woodruff, Henlock, do. do. 

Wendell, John II., Captain, do. 
Wright, Jacob, do. do. 

Welp, Anthony, do. do. 

Wright, Jotham, Lieutenant, do. 
Woodruff, Ephraim, do. do. 
Weisenfels, Charles F., do. do. 
Willson, Robert, Ensign, do. 

White, Andrew, Lieutenant, do. 
Wetherby, Benj., Captain, N. J. 
Weyman, Abel, do. do. 
Walker, George, Lieut., do. 
Whitlock, Ephraim, do. do. 
Wayne, Anthony, Brig. Gen., Penn. 
Weaver, Jacob, Captain, do. 
Woelper, John D., do. do. 
Wilkins, Robert, do. do. 

Wilson, James, do, do. 
Walker, Andrew, do. do, 
Wilson, William, do. do. 
Wilkins, John, Sur. Mate, do. 



438 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



Wharry, Robt., Sur. Mate, Penn. 
Weidman, John, Lieut., do. 
"Weitzell, Jacob, do. do. 

Wigton, John, do. do. 

White, Francis, do. do. 

Ward, John, do. do. 

Webster, John B., do. do. 
Wilson, John, Captain, Delaware. 
Williams, Otho H., Brig. Gen., Md. 
Weltner, Lodowick, Colonel, do. 
Woolford, Thomas, do. do. 
Winder, Levin, Lieut. Col., do. 
Williams, Lylburn W., Capt., do. 
Watkins, Gassaway, do. do. 

Winchester, James, do. do. 

Waters, Richard, do. do. 

Warfield, Walter, Surgeon, do. 
Wilkinson, Young, Lieutenant, do. 
Ware, Francis, do. do. 

Wilmott, Robert, do. do. 

Wright, Nathan, do. do. 

Winchester, George, do. do. 
Waring, Bazel, do. do. 

Weedon, Geo., Brig. Gen., Virginia. 
Woodford, Wm., do. do. 

Wood, James, Colonel, do. 
White, Anthony W., do. do. 
Washington, Wm., Lt. Col., do. 
Wallace, Gustavus B., do. do. 
Wannock, Frederick, do. do. 
Webb, John, do. do. 

Wagener, Andrew, Major, do. 
Willis, John, do. do. 

Wallace, James, Surgeon, do. 
West, Charles, Major, do. 
Woodson, Tarleton, do. do. 
Wright, James, Captain, do. 
Watts, John, do. do. 

Woodson, Robert, do. do. 
Warrnan, Thomas, do. do. 
White, William, do. do. 
Williams, James, do. do. 
Wallace, James, Lieutenant, do. 
White, John, do. do. 

Worsham, Richard, do. do. 
Washington, Geo. A., do. do. 



Walters, Richard, Lieut,, Virginia. 
Walker, David, do. do. 

Winlock, Joseph, do. do. 
Whiting, Francis, do. do. 
Wilson, Willis, do. do. 

Wallace, William B., do. do. 
Williams, David, do. do. 
Whittaker, William, do. do. 
Walton, William, Captain, N. Car. 
Williams, William, do. do. 

Williams, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Williamson, John, do. S. Car 
Warley, George, do. do. 

Warley, Felix, do. do. 

Warley, Joseph, do. do. 

Wicldey, John, do. do. 

Ward, John P., Lieutenant, do. 
Ward, William, do. do. 

Withers, William R., Ensign, do. 
Wright, John G., Surgeon, Georgia. 
Wagnon, John P., Lieut., do. 
Warren, Joseph, Major Gen., Mass. 

Killed at Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 
Wooster, David, Major Gen., Conn. 

Mortally wounded at the invasion 

of Danbury by Tryon s forces, Apr. 

27, 1777. Died May 2, 1777. 
Wilmott, William, Captain, Mary d. 

Killed by a British foraging party 

in a skirmish on John s Island, S. 

C., Nov. 14, 1782. The blood of 

Capt. Wilmott was the last spilled 

in battle in the Revolution. 
Woodhull, Nathaniel, General, N. Y. 

Died Sept. 20, 1776, from a wound 

received in battle on Long Island. 
Wilson, Jonathan, Captain, Mass. 

Killed at Concord, April 19, 1775. 
Walker, Benjamin, Captain. Killed 

at Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 
Wise, Samuel, Major, S. Car. Killed 

at Savannah, Oct. 9, 1779. 
Witherspoon, James, Brigade-major. 

Killed at Germantown, Oct. 4, 1777. 
Williams, Nathan, Lieut., Maryland. 

Killed at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 



FOREIGN OFFICERS. 



439 



Wallace, Andrew, Captain, Virginia. 

Killed at the battle of Guilford, 

March 15, 1781. 
Wilson, John, Lieutenant, Virginia. 

Killed at Eutaw Springs, Sept. 8, 

1781. 
Wait, Joseph, Lieutenant Col. Died 

Sept. 28, 1776. 
Webster, Amos, Lieutenant. Died 

Oct. 7, 1777. 
Whiting, Charles, Captain. Killed 

July 10, 1779. 



Yeomans, John, Lieutenant, Mass. 
Young, Joseph, Surgeon, New York. 
Young, Guy, Captain, do. 

Young, Marcus, Lieutenant, Penn. 
Yates, George, Surgeon s Mate, Va. 
Yancey, Leighton, Captain, do. 
Yancey, Eobert, do. do. 

Young, Henry, do. do. 

Yarborough, Charles, Lieut., do. 
Yarboroughj Edward, Captain, N. C. 



FOREIGN OFFICERS IN THE REVOLUTIONARY SERVICE OF THE UNITED 

STATES. 



Baron De Kalb, of Germany. Killed 

at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 
Count Casimir Pulaski, of Lithuania 

in Poland. Killed at Savannah, 

Oct. 9, 1779, 
Lieut. Col. Baron De Boze, of Pulas- 

ki s Legion. Killed at Egg Harbor, 

in 1778. 
Ferdinand J. S. De Brahm, Major of 

Engineers. 

Thaddeus Kosciusko, of Poland. 
Lewis Du Pontier, Captain. 
Le Brun De Beilecour, Captain. 
Chevalier De Fontiveaux, Lieutenant. 
James Decatours, do. 

James McDougali, Cornet. 
Peter Raffencau, do. 
Charles Both, Lieutenant. 



Felix Texier, Surgeon. 
Marquis De La Fayette, Major Gen. 
Count De Rochambeau, General-in- 
Chief. 

Oount Deuxponts, Col. of Infantry. 
Duke De Lavel Montmorency, Col. 
Count Caustine, Colonel. 
Duke De Lauzum, Col. of Cavalry. 
General Choizy. 
Viscount Viomenil. 
Marquis De St. Simon. 
Count Fersen, Aid-de-Camp. 
Count Charles Dumas. 
Marquis De Ckastellux. 
Baron De Viomenil. 
Count De Grasse, Admiral. 
Count De Barras, do. 
Count De Estaing, do. 



REMARKS ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS. THE RISE AND PROGRESS 
OF THE REVOLUTION. THE END, ETC. 



ON reference to the act of October 21, 1780, and other subse 
quent acts, it will be perceived that the Continental Congress cre 
ated a national debt for the purpose of carrying on a war waged 
against the country for the purpose of bringing it into uncondition 
al subjection to a foreign tyrant. This national debt was made duo 
and payable to all military officers who would espouse the cause of 
the country, engage in the war, and continue therein to the end. 

The Revolutionary war, in opposition to the encroachments of 
Great Britain on the civil rights of the American Colonies, com 
menced on the 19th April, 1775, by the shedding of human blood 
at Lexington, in the State of Massachusetts, and finally closed with 
the evacuation of New York by the British, on the 25th November, 
1783. As the news of war spread with the velocity of the hurri 
cane, it roused the energies of the soul to the highest tone of feel 
ing, and to deeds of the most lofty action. The lawgiver left the 
senate-house, the lawyer the court, the judge the bench, the me 
chanic his shop, the husbandman his plough, and rushed forward to 
the seat of danger ; while the wild war-cry of vengeance took the 
wings of the tempest. 

The time had come when all must " hang together" in one com 
mon cause, or else "hang separately" They hung together, ce 
mented by the great principle, that, " Whenever any form of gov 
ernment becomes destructive of its ends, it is the right of the people 
to alter or abolish it." The bright star of victory led them onward 
and onward, through the dark shades of war, casting light and 
hope athwart the path of the war-worn American soldier. 

On the Ctli July, 1775, the Provincial Congress announced its 
intention to resist Great Britain in the following words : " We are 
reduced to the alternative of choosing an unconditional submission 



ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 441 

to the tyranny of wicked ministers, or resistance by force. The 
latter is our choice. We have counted the cost of this contest, and 
find nothing so dreadful as voluntary slavery." 

On the 4th of July, 1776, the same Congress, within hearing of 
the fierce thunders of war, declared that these United Colonies 
are, and of right ought to be, free and independent. But where 
now was the revenue of the country ? How shall this infant nation 
procure the means of driving from her soil her cruel invaders ? A 
well-fed, numerous, and powerful foe were about taking possession 
of the strong-holds of the country to awe into subjection the patriot 
army. Commerce had already been driven from her harbors, and 
her vessels captured and plundered on the high seas. " Appealing 
to the Supreme Judge of. the world for the rectitude of her inten 
tions," she sent forth Commissioners "in the name and by the 
authority of the good people of these United Colonies" to negotiate 
loans from friendly powers, to replenish the military chests of the 
country, and provide the means of war. Means were provided, plans 
of operation were matured, the war went on, and patriots flocked 
to the standard. 

On the 16th September, 1776, Congress promised land. This 
encouraged enlistments, increased the ranks, and new light enlight 
ened the cause. This land, however, was promised for services to 
the end of the war ; but distant as the reward appeared, thousands, 
hoping to realize it, left private fortunes to suffer at home, and came 
up to the aid of the nation. 

The war progressed. Dark clouds often hung over and obscured 
the American cause. The patriot army were often found fleeing 
before a dark and powerful British host, yet sullen and dangerous 
in its flight. By deeds of daring, sanguinary battles, and miracu 
lous escapes from destruction, the American army, still bearing her 
cause in characters of blood on her banners, reached the eventful 
period of 1780. 

In the spring of this year, a great portion of the army, whose 
terms of enlistment for three years had expired, were about to leave 
the army, and abandon the cause of liberty as hopeless. Time had 
not yet obliterated the remembrance of the gloomy encampment at 

19* 



442 ON THE HALF-PAT ACTS, ETC. 

Valley Forge. Traitors were abroad in the land, who, with the in 
sidious tory, conducted fearful conspiracies against the cause of 
liberty. Officers could not maintain themselves with proper de 
cency in the service, and resignations, actual and threatened, were 
frequent, much dreaded, and deplored. The enemy, ever vigilant 
and active, conspired to weaken and thin the American ranks by 
encouraging desertion. The arch-traitor and prototype of the infa 
mous Catiline, had raised his arm to blast forever, with one fell 
swoop, the struggling germ of liberty in America; but that "Su 
preme Judge of the world," to whom the voice of patriotism had 
ascended for the justice of its intentions, in mercy averted the blow, 
and hurled the fiend and his foul instrumentality in fury down, and 
the same army, which had been made the devoted object of de 
struction, halted at Tappan, and suspended between heaven and 
earth the deluded instrument by which the downfall of liberty had 
been attempted. 

Amid those impending evils, the Commander-in-Chief, prolific in 
expedients, suggested a remedy as follows : " I have no scruple in 
declaring that I most firmly believe the independence of the United 
States never will be established till there is an army on foot for the 
war? 

On the 21st of October, 1780, seventeen days after those words 
were penned, Congress resolved : " That the officers who shall con 
tinue in service to the end of the war shall be entitled to half-pay 
during life, to commence with the time of their reduction." Here 
Congress entered into a solemn contract with the officers of the 
army, and on the faith of the Colonies therein represented, created 
a national debt, which could not be annulled, or discharged by any 
subsequent legislation, except by an act giving a full and perfect 
equivalent for the half-pay for life. As the value of an annual sal 
ary cannot be calculated in the lifetime of the annuitant, no equiv 
alent therefore can be rendered for it. Some officers did by their 
memorial solicit a commutation of their half-pay for an equivalent, 
but Congress, by its act of March 22, 1783, reserved to itself the 
power of determining that equivalent ; and as no equivalent could 
be equitably calculated, the memorial of the officers should have 



ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 443 

been rejected, as a proposition admitting of no equitable grounds of 
action. The officers asked for a fish, but Congress gave them a 
stone. They received as the commutation of their half-pay securi 
ties on interest, which they supposed to be a fish, but when offered 
for sale, brought only the price of a stone, and therefore must have 
been the equivalent of a stone. It is true the officer thankfully re 
ceived his commutation certificate, thinking that in the worst view 
of the case he ought to get for it the full value, less the interest, 
that would accrue. But Congress fixed no time for the payment of 
those certificates. The officer earned about in his pocket a certifi 
cate from the Continental treasury stating that five years full pay, 
with interest, from November 4, 1783, was due him, which he of 
fered for sale. But, says the capitalist, when is it to be paid, and 
by whom ? Some military leader may spring up and plunge the 
country into another war. The stock is unsafe. 

These certificates, immediately after their issue, sank in value, 
and at once reached a depreciation of eight dollars for one in spe 
cie; and from the close of the war in 1783 to the organization of 
the government under the new constitution in 1787, no man could 
tell how or when those certificates were to be redeemed. In 1790 
and 1791, they were funded in a stock bearing three per cent, in 
terest, and were finally paid in full by the government, but not until 
the officer had lost all his interest in them, by circumstances brought 
about by the condition of his country, over which he could have 
no control. 

As the commutation act of March 22, 1783, was a failure, and 
did not discharge any legal obligations entered into by Congress, 
it therefore becomes the duty of the country to revive the half-pay 
acts of the Continental Congress, and restore to the revolutionary 
officer, his heirs, or legal representatives, the benefits of the origi 
nal contracts. Petitions for the revival of these half-pay acts have 
been before Congress ever since 1790. Congress having restored 
some officers to the benefits of the act of October 21, 1780, by spe 
cial acts of August 11, 1790, and subsequently, a precedent is 
formed for the others. But it may be said that the act of August 
11, 1790, was a pension act alone. This could not have been the 



444 ON THE HALF-PAT ACTS, ETC. 

case with respect to officers who served to the end of the war, for 
all officers, as well as privates, under the numerous general acts 
prior to the act of 1790, were entitled to pensions for wounds re 
ceived in the service according to their degree of disability, and no 
special legislation was therefore necessary, except to revive the act 
of October 21, 1780, and require the recipient of its benefits to re 
fund the amount of commutation awarded him by the provisions of 
the act of March 22, 1783. 

Many officers and privates, per special acts from 1790 to 1800, 
and subsequently, were placed on the pension-rolls, but it will be 
observed at once that officers who served to the end of the war, 
were not, by the spirit of the law, really pensioned, but restored to 
their half-pay by refunding their commutation. This was done be 
cause the degree of disability of the officer would not, under the 
existing invalid pension laws of the day, entitle him to an annual 
rate of pension equal to his half-pay. He therefore petitioned to 
be restored to his half-pay by refunding his commutation, because 
this was more beneficial to him than would have been the pension 
to which he would have been entitled under existing laws. 

It, of course, is admitted that to invalids alone the acts of 1790 
restored the half-pay, but it must be seen that the invalid officer 
had pension laws in his favor, and sometimes sums of money grant 
ed him, while the other officers had nothing to lean upon for the 
least aid. The invalid officer, therefore, while pension laws existed 
in his favor, had no more right to a restoration of his half-pay than 
another who had not been wounded in the service. All the officers 
and privates were seriously disabled in the service, and were dis 
qualified from returning to the pursuit of peaceful occupations after 
the hardships of an eight years war, with any of the advantage and 
success which they previously enjoyed. 

In the spring of 1808 the subject of the revival of the half-pay 
acts of the old Congress was earnestly agitated. Circulars were 
sent through the country, bearing the signatures of distinguished 
Revolutionary officers, which formed the basis of a general petition 
to Congress in 1810, from which the following is gathered: "By a 
resolution of Congress, passed the llth of August, 1779, it was or- 



ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 44:5 

dained, That the half-pay provided by the resolution of the 15th 
May, 1778, be extended to continue for life ; and on the 22d March, 
1783, it was resolved, That such officers as are now in service, and 
shall continue therein to the end of the war, shall be entitled to re 
ceive the amount of five years full pay in money or securities on 
interest at six per cent, per annum, as Congress shall find most con 
venient, instead of the half-pay promised for life. 

"The circumstances under which the proposal of commutation 
originated and was partially acceded to, the desperate state of pub 
lic credit, and the imperious necessity which compelled many of the 
holders of certificates of public debt to part with them at a price far 
below their nominal value, are too well known to require a recapit 
ulation. 

"That the benevolent intentions of the Congress of 1779 have 
not been realized, that many meritorious officers bowed down with 
infirmities and advanced in years are now struggling with adversity, 
are facts so notorious as of late to attract the public attention. 

" So equitable is the claim on the honor and faith of Government 
to make good the original promise ; so great the zeal latterly dis 
played in Congress on this interesting subject, and so ample are the 
means of full remuneration, that it has been deemed proper by a 
number of Revolutionary officers, to call the attention of their breth 
ren in the several States, and to suggest the expediency of a memo 
rial on the subject being prepared in each State, circle, or district, 
during the recess of Congress, to be presented to the Senate and 
House of Representatives as soon as circumstances will permit after 
their next meeting." 

This language bears the signatures of no less distinguished offi 
cers than Colonel Stephen Bayard, Colonel Isaac Craig, and Surgeon 
William Magaw, of the Pennsylvania Line, and Captain Adamson 
Tannehill, of Maryland, and speaks forth a true history of the times 
not to be misunderstood. 

There has not been a session of Congress in the history of the 
Government under the New Constitution, at which the subject of 
the restoration of the half-pay acts of the old Congress has not been 
brought up in some shape or other ; and at the first session of the 



446 ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 

thirty-fourth Congress, the following bill in substance, for the resto 
ration of the half-pay for life, passed the House of Representatives, 
but was lost in the Senate at the second session : 

" An Act to provide for the Settlement of the Claims of the Officers 
of the Revolutionary Army, and of the Widows and Orphan 
Children of those who died in the Service. 

" Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, That the officers 
of the army of the Revolution, who were entitled to half-pay for 
life under the resolutions of Congress of the 3d and 21st of October, 
1780, the 17th of January, 1781, the 8th of May, 1781, and the 8th 
of March, 1785, shall be entitled to receive the same, although such 
officer may have received, in lieu thereof, the commutation of full 
pay for five years, under the resolution of Congress of the 22d of 
March, 1783. 

" SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of 
the proper accounting officer of the Treasury, when applied to for 
that purpose by any one who by this act is entitled to receive, or 
his or her guardian, to ascertain what is due to such officer, from 
the time he became entitled to the said half-pay until his death, if 
that occurred before the 3d day of March, 1826; but if he died af 
ter that time, then up to the 3d day of March, 1826. 

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of 
the Secretary of the Treasury, when the amount due to an officer 
has been ascertained, as aforesaid, to pay the same, as hereinafter 
directed, after deducting therefrom the amount received for com 
mutation, under the resolution of the 22d of March, 1783. 

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the benefit of the resolu 
tion of the 24th of August, 1780, shall be extended to the widows 
and orphan children of all officers who died in the service at any 
period during the war of the Revolution, whether such officers be 
longed to the Continental Line, or to any volunteer corps called 
into service under the authority of any State, but no payment shall 
be made under this clause, except to the widows and orphan chil 
dren of such deceased officers. 



ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 44:7 

" SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That Surgeons Mates shall 
be entitled to the benefit of the resolution of the 17th of January, 
1781, and receive the same pay as hospital physicians and sur 
geons. 

" SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of 
the Secretary of War, under the direction, and with the approba^ 
tion of the President of the United States, to prescribe such rules of 
evidence as may be necessary to carry into effect the provisions of 
this act, according to its true intent and meaning. 

" SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That all payments made by 
authority of this act shall be without interest. 

" SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That in every case the said 
accounting officer, before he shall order any claim to be paid, shall 
require satisfactory proof that the person or persons, in whose name 
the same may be presented, is or are the bona fide owner or owners 
thereof, and that the claim has not been sold, transferred, pledged, 
or mortgaged, or any part thereof, to any person or persons, whom 
soever ; and all sales, transfers, mortgages, or pledges of any such 
claims are hereby declared void, and of no effect whatever. 

" SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That this act shall not ex 
tend to the case of any officer, or his representatives, who have re 
ceived half-pay for life under any special act of Congress. 

"Sfic. 10. And be it further enacted, That all persons who ap 
ply and receive the benefit of this act, shall receive the same in 
full satisfaction of all claims under any of the resolutions of Con 
gress hereinbefore recited, and for all losses alleged to have been 
sustained by depreciation in the value of the certificates received 
as commutation under the resolution of Congress of the 22d of 
March, 1783. 

SEC. 11. And be it further enacted, That all claims which shall 
be allowed under the 1st and 5th Sections of this act shall be paid 
to the officer, if alive, and if he be dead, to his widow and children 
equally, and if there be no widow living, then to his child, children, 
or grand-children the issue of any deceased child taking among 
them the share of their deceased parent and to no other persons. 

SEC. 12. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue 



448 ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 

and be of force for the term of ten years, and no longer, and all 
claims not presented, with the evidence, for their adjudication with 
in that time shall be forever barred." 



On reference to the preceding list of Continental officers who 
died in service, and who continued in service to the end of the war, 
the names of those officers whose heirs are entitled to the benefits 
of the preceding bill will be seen ; and should the bill pass Con 
gress and become a law, they, or any other persons interested for 
them, may determine their claim, on reference to the rank of the 
officer, and to the pay-table of the Continental army, given in a 
preceding page. 

The acts of the Continental Congress to which the 1st, 4th, and 
5th Sections of this bill refer are given in this work ; and in order 
to understand the 2d Section, it will be necessary to quote an act 
of Congress approved May 15, 1828, which is as follows : 

" Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America, in Congress assembled, That each of the 
surviving officers of the army of the Revolution, in the Continental 
Line, who was entitled to half-pay by the resolve of October 21, 
1780, be authorized to receive, out of any money in the treasury 
not otherwise appropriated, the amount of his full pay in said line, 
according to his rank in the line, to begin on the 3d day of March, 
1826, and to continue during his natural life : Provided, That un 
der this act no officer shall be entitled to receive a larger sum than 
the full pay of a captain in said line." 

Attorney-general Wirt, in his opinion under date of the 12th of 
February, 1825, fixes the close of the Revolutionary war at the 
ratification of the definitive treaty of peace, April 23, 1783 ; but in 
the adjustment of commutation claims under act March 22, 1783, 
originating in the act of October 21, 1780, the war is considered 
as having closed with the final disbanding of the troops, November 
3, 1783, and consequently the five years full pay referred to in the 
act of March 22, 1783, commenced November 4, 1783. Five years 
full pay being equal to ten years half-pay, the officers by their 
commutation certificates received their ten years half-pay from Nov. 



ON THE IIALF-rAY ACTS, ETC. 449 

4, 1*783, to November 4, 1793, therefore the half-pay bill pending 
in Congress proposes to give the officer his half-pay from November 
4, 1793, where the commutation certificate dropped him, to March 
3, 1826, where the act of May 15, 1828, took him up or it pro 
poses to give him his half-pay from November 4, 1783, to March 
3, 182G, deducting his five years full pay or ten years half-pay per 
act March 22, 1783. It must, however, be recollected, that where 
the officer died before March 3, 1826, his heirs will only receive his 
half-pay from November 4, 1793, to the day of his death; and 
when the officer died between November 4, 1783, and November 4, 
1793, his heirs will receive nothing, because the commutation cer 
tificate has covered the whole period. But it is the meaning and 
spirit of the pending bill, as expressed in the report which accom 
panies it, that the half-pay of the officer shall commence from the 
time of his reduction, which means the time he quit the service. 
Many officers were reduced and retired from the service, or became 
supernumerary under the various arrangements of the army from 
1778 to 1783, so that, if the officer died at any period within ten 
years after the time of his reduction, his heirs are not now entitled 
to any thing, for, as before stated, the commutation certificate has 
covered the ground. 

Section 4 of the bill will be almost, if not entirely inoperative, 
for there are at this day but few relicts of officers who lost their 
lives prior to 1782. Some children may be found. This section, 
it will be seen, is not confined to Continental officers alone, like the 
others, but gives the pay to the officers of any corps called into ser 
vice by the authority of any State, such as militia, &c. 

If any officer, living at the passage of the act of May 15, 1828, 
was not entitled to pension under that act, his heirs will have no 
claim under this bill should it become a law ; because the said bill 
and the act of 1828 both have their foundation in the half-pay acts 
of the Continental Congress. But should Congress, instead of the 
whole amount of the commutation certificate, determine to deduct 
what it sold for only, then all will get something. 

Senator Crittenden, of Kentucky, on the subject of the bill in 
question, and relative to the act of March 22, 1783, remarks: 



450 ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 

" What was the condition of the government when it made this 
proposition to the officers? They came out of the war victorious 
and naked. They came out of the war triumphant and penniless. 
The government was in no condition to execute its obligations 
Promises of half-pay they could not satisfy. They sought for them 
selves some little exemption and procrastination of this obligation 
by giving the promise of full pay for five years, the payment of the 
principal to be postponed for ten years. By these hopes your 
needy, naked, and hungry officers, as many of them were, were 
tempted to accept the terms. They have received the commutation. 
If they give credit for that on the account, when you become able 
and prosperous, where is there any restraint in the Constitution to 
prevent your satisfying your sense of moral obligation by paying 
the full balance ? Is it no debt, because it is not recoverable by 
law ? No national debt is recoverable by law. The creditor must 
depend on the sovereignty and on the gratitude of the government. 
It is to measure its own obligation. There is no legal tribunal be 
fore which you could go and drag this nation to answer. Your 
courts of law have decided that, as to a debt barred, and which is no 
longer one of legal obligation, if the party promise to pay it, the pre 
vious debt, barred though it be, is an ample consideration for the sub 
sequent promise. That was your condition. You were unable to 
pay, as you had promised, half-pay for life ; you gave something- 
like security for a smaller sum. Your honest creditor accepted it. 
You have paid that; and if you feel any moral obligation to do 
so, you are able to pay the balance. Will you do it ? It is not a 
case of mere gratuity, certainly, nor a case of a mere debt of grati 
tude. That is not it ; it is a money obligation, which, under your 
invitation, your creditor departed from, and took for it that which 
was not an ample consideration that which was not a fair equiva 
lent. Half-pay for life was given up for full-pay for five years. 
Now, when the government is rich and prosperous, and abundantly 
able to pay, the House of Representatives, at least, have said, We 
will settle with these men fairly; we will credit them for the sum 
they received as full pay for five years, and if there be any of the 
half-pay for life due to any of them, we will pay that. I say this 



ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 451 

is not a gratuity. There was a moral obligation, a high obligation, 
to satisfy this debt of the Revolution. It was out of that we de 
rived our very being as an independent and sovereign government. 
We may well look back on all the transactions of that day as some 
what more hallowed than the ordinary transactions of life, or even 
the ordinary transactions of government. It was a sacred genera 
tion ; a day sacred to liberty. Every thing belonging to it ought 
to be sanctified in our view and to our feelings. 

" I beg gentlemen to recollect that it was under a resolution of 
1*783 that this commutation of five years full pay was accepted ; 
and it was ten years from that time before the principal became due. 
What was the condition of those certificates during that time ? 
The country was under the government of the Confederation, a 
weak and feeble government, impoverished, without ^pwer and 
without means. What was to be its destiny the wisest men could 
not tell the wisest could not foresee ; and the humblest and the 
most uninformed might well dread its termination its falling to 
pieces from mere inability and want of cohesion at any time. They 
accepted these certificates, payable ten years afterwards. Of credit 
it had none. What was the value of a certificate payable ten years 
afterwards upon such a security ? Could prompt payment be cal 
culated upon at the time it fell due ? Was it calculated upon, or 
did these certificates depreciate to a mere nominal value ? They 
did so depreciate. What was the needy soldier to do ? He was 
no longer in the army ; his means consisted in his certificate, per 
haps nothing or little else. What was he to do with it, and what 
did he in point of fact do with it? Nine out of ten sold these 
certificates for a nominal price. They were afterwards funded by 
the government, to be sure, after the adoption of the present Con 
stitution ; but during that term of ten years they depreciated day 
by day, and were sold for what the poor officer could get for them." 

" George Washington," says Senator Seward, of New York, " by 
temper, knowledge, and impartiality, was qualified to be witness, 
advocate, and umpire between the officers of the army of the Rev 
olution and the American government and people. In all human 
history, he is the only man who could acceptably fill and discharge 



452 ON TIT IS HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 

the duties of these conflicting characters. I have therefore ab 
stained from drawing into the case any facts or arguments, or au 
thorities, other than those derived from his own immortal words. 
Standing on them, I claim that the half-pay for life pledged to the 
officers was a debt, a just debt, a constitutional one, with all the 
attributes of a common debt ; and that it was more than a common 
debt a debt of honor and of gratitude, the equivalents of which 
were the blood of the officers and the independence of the country ; 
that it was a perpetual debt, therefore, which could never be can 
celled until it was fully and fairly paid. It was not fully and fairly 
paid by the promise of commutation ; which promise was never 
executed, nor attempted to be executed, until after nine years pro 
crastination, in no degree resulting from any fault of the officers, 
but solely from the misfortunes and embarrassments of the country 
which was the debtor ; and that when the attempt to execute it 
was then made, the payment made reached only those brokers who 
had speculated in the ruin of the officers, and not the officers them 
selves, who were the creditors. 

"I reject the idea of a contract or bargain between the creditors 
and the country in the transaction of commutation, for there was 
no equality of position or advantage between the parties. Their 
relations were reversed. The army had been the defenders of the 
country the country had now become the protector and guardian 
of the army. I agree that the embarrassments of the country ex 
cused it from paying or sustaining the commutation certificates 
nine years, and that it did wisely and well in then paying them to 
the holders ; but the debt being one of gratitude and honor, it re 
mained, nevertheless, and remained due to the officers who, under 
the pressure of poverty, resulting from the public distress not any 
fault of their own had sold their certificates for nominal values. 
The obligation to pay the officers, or to reimburse them to the ex 
tent of their annuities for life, revived with the renewed or restored 
ability and strength of the country. In the blaze of the revolu 
tionary light now thrown upon the subject, the subtilties and re 
finements which have obscured and perplexed it disappear ; such as 
this, that equal debts are due to other classes of officers mere meri- 



ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 453 

torious than those now to be paid ; that equal debts are due 
to the militia and to the common creditors of the country ; that it 
ought to be paid, not to the children of the officers, but to the offi 
cers themselves ; and if to children, then equally to grandchildren, 
when children do not survive ; and that it ought to be paid neither 
to the officers nor to the children, but to the creditors ; and that 
some persons who are rich and great will be made richer by an act 
whose general operation will be to benefit and bless the poor and 
lowly, and that some of the officers who, in the persons of their 
children, will be the recipients of this benefaction, were personally 
unworthy, and that agents and speculators will profit by it. The 
bill stands on the policy established by Washington, after a full trial 
of opposing theories and speculations. 

" So far as practicable, consistently with reconciling conflicting 
objections, the bill is guarded against alleged abuses and dangers. 
Either these claims stand on the basis of a moral obligation which 
imperatively requires the assumption of Congress, or they stand on 
the basis of a debt actually existing, but needing provision for its 
payment. In either case Congress may rightfully direct the dis 
charge of the obligation or the debt in the manner most agreeable 
to equity and good conscience. To those, if there be any, who 
cannot consent to pay these claims, amounting in the aggregate to 
two and a half millions, because they fear that many others will re 
main unpaid, I recall the sorrow of Lord Bacon on a similar occa 
sion : Would to God that I were hooded, that I saw less, or that 
I could perform more, for now I see occasion of service, but cannot 
fly, because I am tied to another fist. To those, if any, who shall 
object the lapse of time, I reply, in the language of one who, 
though he had served his king too well, and was starving on his 
unperformed engagements, was rebuked for unreasonable importu 
nity : Your good promises sleep, which it may seem now no time 
to awaken, but that I do not find any general calendar of observa- 1 
tion of time serveth for a court. To those, if there be such, who 
know no policy in the finance of a free country always prosperous 
and rich because always at peace, but that parsimony which unjust 
ly confiscates in civil administration that it may have the necessary 



454 THE UNITED STATES COUI1T OF CLAIMS. 

means for war and oppression, I beg leave to say, that it was justly 
held in Rome that a State was contained in two words, prcemium 
and poena, and that this principle has come to be a part of our own 
religion by our acceptance of the precept which teaches that gov 
ernors are sent by the Supreme Ruler for the punishment of evil 
doers, and for the praise of them that do well. 

" Mr. President, we have framed statues of brass and iron which 
present Washington to the beholder as a general, as a statesman, as 
a magistrate, and as a citizen. We have pierced the skies with 
monuments of marble and of granite in honor of his name. We 
have imposed it upon villages, towns, cities, a State, and a capital 
that is becoming the glory of the world ; but, if I do not altogether 
mistake his genius, the fulfilment of his predictions and promises, 
made when he was taking leave of the companions of his labors 
and sufferings, that this country would be just, and would ultimate 
ly redeem the pledges it had given them, will be more acceptable 
to his serene and awful shade than all the tributes which have been 
paid, and all that are yet to be paid, by a redeemed nation and a 
grateful world." 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

HALF-PAY claims, under the various resolutions of the Continental 
Congress have been, and now are being prosecuted in the United 
States Court of Claims, sitting at Washington, ever since its estab 
lishment by Congress, and interest is charged by the claimants per 
act June 3, 1*784, on each annual payment of the half-pay for life, 
as it fell due during the life of the officer, and on the. whole thus 
due at the time of his death up to the present time, or until pay 
ment is made by the government. 

The first case tried in this court on this principle, was that of the 
heirs of Surgeon Absalom Baird, of Pennsylvania, who was a sur 
geon in Colonel Jeduthan Baldwin s Corps of Artificers, and fur 
nishes the most interesting and important information to the heirs 



THE UNITED STATES CoUKT OF CLAIMS. 455 

of all the officers of the medical department and the different corps 
of artificers of the Revolutionary army, and establishes an impor 
tant precedent relating to the great question of Revolutionary half- 
pay, which is at this time engaging the attention of the whole 
country. 

The facts in the case, found among the papers filed in the court, 
are as follows : 

That Absalom Baird was a commissioned surgeon in the army 
of the Revolution, and by acts of Congress, particularly that of 
January 17, 1781, became entitled to half-pay for life and other 
emoluments. 

That his regiment was dissolved, and he was discharged from 
service on the 29th of March, 1781; and his stipulated annuity 
commenced running on that day. 

That, as amounts became due, he made immediate and frequent 
applications to the proper officers for payment, and was denied. 

That, by the laws and regulations of the old Congress, interest 
was allowed on all claims and to all creditors of the United States, 
from the time that sums became due. 

That Dr. Baird, therefore, ought of right to have received his 
accruing half-pay, and interest upon any amounts refused or with 
held. 

That, by the commutation act, passed March 22, 1783, it was 
provided that the officers shall have, at the end of the war, five 
years full pay, in lieu of half-pay for life, in money or securities. 

That, by this new contract Dr. Baird became entitled, not only to 
the arrears of half-pay then due him, but also to five years full pay, 
being the granted commutation of his half-pay for life. 

That he was denied the benefit of this substitution. Payment 
was refused, and after repeated demands, and continued efforts with 
the accounting officers, he at length, on the 28th of January, 1794, 
presented his petition to Congress for relief. The case was con 
tinued without action by the House until December 21, 1796, when 
it was ordered that Dr. Baird have leave to withdraw his petition. 

That the claim was never abandoned, nor was there any laches 
or unreasonable delay in the prosecution of it. 



456 THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

That Dr. Baird removed to Western Pennsylvania, and there 
died, in October, 1805. 

That the claim was continued to be prosecuted by his children, 
but no action could be had until June 23, 1836, when an act was 
passed granting five years full pay as commutation, but without in 
terest. 

That under this law $2400 were paid, but the petitioners believ 
ing that a large sum was still due, on the 12th of December, 1837, 
presented themselves again to Congress, praying further and full 
relief. 

That on the 9th of February, 1855, a bill granting the heirs of 
Dr. Baird the sum of $16,230, in full of arrears of pay due to them 
for the services of their said ancestor, was reported in their favor. 

That the said bill did not pass into a law, and has been referred 
by a resolution of Congress to this honorable court, for the purpose 
of an examination into the merits and legal validity of the claim. 

That the half-pay of Dr. Baird was the sum of $240 per annum, 
receivable at the end of every year. If not discharged upon de 
mand, at the time when payable, interest upon the amount due was 
the legal compensation to the creditor. Not only universal custom, 
but positive law, in all commercial countries, has established this 
principle. 

That the proper distinction between grasping usury and fixed 
interest is well settled and understood. 

That the first act of Parliament limiting the rate per cent, in 
England, was passed in 1546, near the close of the reign of Henry 
VIII. Since that time, with a short interval, in which superstition 
revived, the whole matter has been subject to statutory regulations. 
In fact, it may be considered doubtful, whether always, at common 
law^ compensation for the "detainer " of money was not allowed as 
damages. One authority (2d Blackstone s Reports, page 761) may 
be referred to as most brief in its terms : " Interest is due upon 
all liquidated sums from the time the principal becomes due and 
payable." 

That the revolutionary government has always acted upon this 
just basis ; and the United States since, in the case of the Virginia 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 457 

officers, gave a pertinent example, in the act of July 5, 1832, by 
directing " to be paid to those officers, or their representatives, 
interest upon each year s half-pay, from the time the same became 
due? 

That, assuming this rule of justice and upright policy to be clear 
ly established, the following exhibit is made : From March 29, 1781, 
to October 20, 1805, the day of Dr. Baird s death, the total of his 
half-pay then due would amount to more than $5280, and the in 
terest accrued on the yearly deferred payments would be $4150 ; 
making an aggregate of debt, at that time, of $10,030, by the terms 
of the government contract, expressed in the resolutions, and ac 
cording to the settled rules of computation. 

That death closed this annuity on the 20th October, 1805; and 
at the date of that event, the representatives of Dr. Baird had an 
immediate right to this sum, by the laws of the land. With merely 
simple interest current, up to June 23, 1836, it would amount to 
$28,485; and deducting $2400, allowed by the act of that date, 
would still leave $26,085 then fairly due. 

That in Thorudike vs. United States, Justice Story observes : " If 
the present were a contract between private citizens, there can be 
no doubt that the court would be bound to give interest upon the 
contract up to the time of payment ; and if by law the amount 
due on the contract could be pleaded as a tender or a set-off to a 
private debt, it would be a good bar in the full extent of the prin 
cipal and interest due at the time of such tender or set-off. Nay, 
more ; if the note or promise were made by a citizen to the gov 
ernment, the latter might enforce its claim to the like extent. Can 
it make any difference, in the construction of the contract, that the 
government is the debtor instead of the creditor ? In reason and 
equity it ought to make none, and there is not a scintilla of law to 
justify any. If a suit could be maintained against the government, 
I do not perceive why it would not be as much the duty of the court 
to render judgment in such suit, for the principal and the interest, 
in the same manner and to the same extent as it would in the case 
of a private citizen. The United States have no prerogative to claim 
one law upon their own contracts as creditors and another as debtors. 

20 



458 THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

If, as creditors, they are entitled to interest, as debtors they are bound 
also to pay it" 

That Attorney-general Wirt says : u Interest is in the nature of 
damages for withholding money which the party ought to pay, and 
would not or could not ;" and in this brief sentence is contained 
the main point of the case now presented to this honorable court. 

That it is claimed, that from and after March 29, 1781, the day 
on which he was reduced, Dr. Baird was entitled by governmental 
contract to half-pay during his life, payable at the end of every 
year; and according to the rule directed by the act of July 5, 1832, 
in the case of the Virginia officers or their representatives, with 
interest on each year s half-pay from the time the same became due. 

In the above light the case came up before the court for a trial, 
the Solicitor of the court, on the part of the United States, at the 
same time filing his opposing brief, and after the arguments on both 
sides, the case was submitted, and Chief-justice Gilchrist delivered 
the following opinion of the court: 

The petitioner alleges that his father, Dr. Absalom Baird, was a 
commissioned surgeon in the army of the Revolution, and in that 
capacity was entitled by law to half-pay for life, and other emolu 
ments. 

Whether this allegation be true, is the first inquiry in the case. 

It is not denied that he was a surgeon of a regiment of artificers, 
and was discharged from the service, upon the reduction of his re 
giment, on the 29th of March, 1*781. 

Whether this corps constituted a part of the army, so as to en 
title the surgeon, upon its reduction, to half-pay for life, is a point 
to be determined by an examination into the manner in which it 
was considered by the legislative authority at the time, and into 
the language of the resolution upon the subject. 

The resolution of September 30, 1780, provides for "the pay 
and establishment of the officers of the Hospital Department and 
Medical Staff," and specifies the pay of the director, chief physi 
cians, and surgeons of the army and hospitals, purveyor and apoth 
ecary, physicians and surgeons of the hospitals, assistant purveyors 
and apothecaries, regimental surgeons, surgeons mates in the hos- 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 459 

pitals, surgeons mates in the army, and steward and ward master 
for each hospital. As Dr. Baird rendered medical services to the 
United States, and in their employ, in a position, at least, connected 
with the army, and as this was the only provision for the payment 
for medical services, and as he was entitled to compensation, he 
would seem to be necessarily included in the class of " regimental 
surgeons," particularly if there be any thing to corroborate this view 
of the case. 

We think it cannot be denied that Dr. Baird was an " officer," 
and the resolution of the 21st October, 1780, provides that the 
"officers reduced" shall be entitled to "half-pay for life." This 
resolution had regard to the reform of the army, which was to take 
place on the 1st of January, 1781. Subsequent to this date, on the 
17th of January, a resolution was passed, the preamble to which is 
as follows : " Whereas, by the plan for conducting the hospital de 
partment, passed in Congress the 30th day of September last, no 
proper establishment is provided for the officers of the medical staff, 
after their dismission from the public service, which, considering 
the customs of other nations, and the late provision made for the 
officers of the army, after the conclusion of the war, they appear 
to have a just claim to ; for remedy whereof, and for amending sev 
eral parts of the above-mentioned plan," it was provided that all 
officers in the hospital department and medical staff, hereinafter 
mentioned, who shall continue in service to the end of the war, 
or be reduced before that time as supernumeraries, shall be entitled 
to receive during life, in lieu of half-pay, the following allowance, 
&c. It was then provided that "regimental surgeons" should re 
ceive an allowance equal to the half-pay of a captain. It is not at 
all probable that Congress intended to exclude from the benefit of 
this resolution the surgeon of the corps of artificers. Still, in order 
to entitle Dr. Baird to half-pay for life, he must be brought fairly 
within the class of regimental surgeons by reason of his connec 
tion with this corps. On the 12th of November, 1779, Congress 
resolved "that the eleven companies of artificers raised by the 
Quartermaster-general be reformed and incorporated and arranged 
in such a manner as the Commander-in-Chief shall deem proper." 



460 THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

On the 3d of October, 1780, a resolution was passed providing for 
the reduction of certain regiments on the first of January then next, 
and that after that day the regular army of the United States 
should consist of " four regiments of cavalry or light-dragoons, four 
regiments of artillery, forty-nine regiments of infantry, and one re 
giment of artificers;" and that the regiment of artificers should 
consist of eight companies, and each company of sixty non-commis 
sioned officers and privates. 

These resolutions appear to us to be entirely conclusive. We do 
not see how any doubt can remain on the subject. This body of 
artificers is called a regiment, and is declared to be a part of the 
regular army. The surgeon of it, therefore, is a regimental surgeon, 
and if any thing more be necessary in order to constitute him such, 
we are at a loss to understand what it can be. 

If these views be correct, as we think they arc, when the regiment 
was reduced on the 29th of March, 1781, the surgeon of the regi 
ment had a right to half-pay for life, which no subsequent legisla 
tion by Congress could, upon any principle of justice or legal rea 
soning, take away from him. It was a right earned by meritorious 
services, and conferred upon him in consideration of the sacrifice of 
his time and his talents for the good of the cause all had at heart. 
To say that any subsequent or declaratory legislation by Congress, 
as to the character of this corps, could deprive Dr. Baird of his half- 
pay to which he was entitled, would be to declare, not only that the 
precedents which a sense of justice had established in regard to the 
binding force of contracts might properly be disregarded not only 
to maintain that the opinion and interest of one party to a contract 
might be substituted for the assent of both but to assert, that not 
withstanding all that had been said and done, there was no con 
tract between Dr. Baird and Congress. 

But we think that an analysis of the action that has been had 
apon the subject will show that there has not even been any decla 
ratory law or resolution of Congress, which tends to the conclusion 
that Dr. Baird was not entitled to half-pay. 

On the 19th of March, 1790, General Knox, the Secretary of 
War, reported a resolution to Congress, " That the petition of the 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 461 

late officers of the artillery artificers for the commutation of the 
half-pay cannot be granted, the United States in Congress assem 
bled having decided against the same on the 19th October, 1785." 
He says that the principles upon which this decison was founded, 
will appear by the reports of the late Commissioner of Army Ac 
counts, and a Committee of Congress, which he submits. 

The report of the Commissioner was in consequence of the peti 
tions of John Jordan and Thomas Willey, late Captains in the 
Pennsylvania Corps of Artillery Artificers, for a commutation in 
lieu of half-pay for life. The substance of the report is, that Con 
gress confined the promise of half-pay to military officers only, and 
that the officers of artificers were not military officers. 

It may be remarked of this report, that it does not even by im 
plication controvert Dr. Baird s claim, because it was made in rela 
tion to a class of officers to which confessedly he did not belong. 
No one ever supposed that a surgeon, either in the army or the 
navy, was in the strict sense of the word a military officer ; and it is 
not upon that ground the present claim rests. The duty of a sur 
geon is to attend upon the sick and wounded, to employ his skill as 
well upon those who are enfeebled by disease, as upon those who 
are wounded in battle. The surgeon is no more a military officer 
when attached to an infantry regiment, than when on duty in the 
regiment of artificers, and he is as much a military officer in the 
latter case as when he is on duty at a garrison, or on a recruiting 
station. We are aware of no reason why Dr. Baird might not 
properly have been ordered upon any duty which any regimental 
surgeon might have been required to perform. 

The report of the Committee of Congress, to which General Knox 
refers, denies the claim of Captains Jordan and Willey upon the 
same ground, that they were not military officers, and the same re 
marks are applicable to it. 

General Knox also refers to a former report of his, dated on the 
30th of July, 1788, in which he states, that the artificers were a 
part of the civil branch of the Ordnance Department; and also, 
that when the officers of this corps were commissioned as officers of 
" artillery and artificers," the manner of filling up the commissions 



462 THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

must have been an error, as it was not authorized by any act of 
Congress. It is true, that there may have been no act of Congress 
pointing out the manner in which the commissions should be filled 
up ; but it is not so clear that the mode in which they were filled 
up was authorized. His report states, that " the artificers did not 
in any instance act in the field as artillerists ;" but it states, also, 
that "they were mostly stationed at the arsenal at Carlisle, and em 
ployed in making cartridges of various kinds for the use of the ar 
tillery in the field." It is not, then, a forced construction of their 
position which induced them to regard themselves as officers of 
" artillery and artificers," although whether they were properly so 
regarded or not has no bearing on the present case, as we shall 
hereafter have occasion to remark. 

We are not called upon to decide whether Captains Jordan and 
Willey were or were not " military officers" in a sense which would 
entitle them to a commutation of half-pay. Whatever the decision 
might be, it could not have the slightest effect upon the question 
whether Dr. Baird was or was not a commissioned surgeon in the 
army of the Revolution. It may, however, be remarked, that as 
the resolution of October 3, 1780, provided that the regular army 
of the United States should consist of certain regiments of cavalry, 
artillery, infantry, and " one regiment of artificers," it is extremely 
difficult to understand how any thing like logical reasoning can lead 
to the conclusion that the officers of the regiment, forming a part 
of the regular army, were not military officers, so as to entitle them 
to commutation. The " cotemporaneous construction," on which 
stress was laid in the argument, and which led the committee to de 
cide that they were not military officers, is entitled to just so much 
weight as its intrinsic merits deserve, and no more. Mankind are 
as competent now to judge of the meaning of words as they were 
then j and the executive and military departments of that day did 
not assume to possess any superior knowledge. There is no more 
mystery in the acts of Congress passed seventy years ago than in 
those -of the present day, nor is any greater skill required to construe 
them. But, at any rate, the case of Captains Jordan and Willey 
has no bearing whatever on the case of Dr. Baird. 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 463 

For these reasons we are of opinion that Dr. Baird was entitled 
to half-pay for life, from the time of the reduction of his regiment, 
on the 29th of March, 1781. 

The next question in the case is, whether the claimant is entitled 
to interest. 

On the 3d of June, 1784, Congress passed the following resolu 
tion : "That an interest of six per cent, per annum shall be allowed 
to all creditors of the United States for supplies furnished or ser 
vices done from the time that the payment became due." No lan 
guage could be more express or free from doubt than this. It is 
directly applicable to the present case. Dr. Baird had rendered 
services to the United States, for which he was entitled to half-pay 
for life. His half-pay became due at the expiration of a year from 
the time of his reduction, and at the end of each successive year there 
after. The resolution was passed, from a feeling that it was just 
and right that interest should be paid from the time the half-pay 
became due, and it was a voluntary contract on the part of the Uni 
ted States, constituting a legal claim against them, which no sub 
sequent legislation could release without the assent of the other 
party. It may be added, that up to the year 1837, there was paid 
interest on 1510 claims of widows and orphans, and claims of offi 
cers for personal services, the statutes of limitation as to such claims 
having been suspended. The proceedings in relation to the claim 
for commutation do not appear to be very material in relation to 
the case in its present position. On the 23d of March, 1783, a 
resolution was passed providing that the officers and others entitled 
to half-pay for life, " shall be entitled to receive at the end of the 
war their five years full pay, in lieu of half-pay for life, in money 
that is, specie or in securities on interest, as Congress should find 
most convenient." On the 28th of January, 1794, Dr. Baird ap 
plied for the benefit of this provision, but died in the year 1805, 
having, as is said in the report of the Committee of Claims of the 
5th of February, 1855, "become wearied and disheartened with de 
lay." In the year 1818, his son, Thomas H. Baird, having become 
of age, petitioned Congress for relief, and on the 3d of March, 1835, 
the committee reported that, " Dr. Absalom Baird was entitled to 



464 THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

the benefit of the provision of the resolution of January 17, 1781, 
extending the grant of half-pay for life to the officers of the hos 
pital department and medical staff." No action was had upon the 
resolution until the 22d June, 1836, when an act was passed grant 
ing five years full pay as commutation, under the resolution of 
1783, but without interest. 

Now this claim does not depend for its validity upon any admis 
sion contained in the act of 1836. But the Congress which passed 
that act must have considered that Dr. Baird had a legal claim of 
some kind, otherwise their conduct in granting him five years full 
pay was wholly indefensible. It is, however, relied upon as a final 
settlement of the claim. Upon any principle known to the law, 
this position is wholly untenable. It is easy enough to declare, ex 
cathedra, that it was a final settlement ; but it is extremely difficult 
to imagine, in the absence of all evidence, what reasons can be urged 
for holding that the payment of a sum of money is of itself a dis 
charge of a debt for a larger amount. A plea of payment of a small 
sum in satisfaction of a larger, is bad even after verdict. This prin 
ciple is familiar to every lawyer. A debt may be paid by a fail 
and well-understood compromise, carried faithfully into effect \ but 
here there was no compromise. If it were a case between individ 
uals, no one would dream of applying such a term to it. The Uni 
ted States are either bound by principles of law applicable to them, 
or they are not so bound. If they are not bound, there is an end 
of the discussion, for then all reasoning is fruitless. If they are 
bound by principles of law, it is impossible to regard the payment 
of five years full pay without interest as a satisfaction of this 
claim. There is no evidence that either party so regarded it, 
and unless we set at defiance every principle of law, we cannot 
hold that one party to a contract, without the assent of the other, 
can discharge his debt by the payment of a smaller sum than the 
amount due. 

If A owes B a thousand dollars by his promissory note, payable 
in ten years, with interest, and if, when the note becomes due, A 
pays five hundred dollars, but refuses to pay the remainder and the 
interest, upon the principle here contended for, the payment of five 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 465 

hundred dollars discharges the debt. Such a proposition, to be re 
futed, needs only to be stated. 

If Dr. Baird was entitled to commutation under this resolution, 
he should have received either the money or securities, as Congress 
should find most convenient. They did not find it convenient to 
pay the money at the time, and of course he was entitled to inter 
est. He asked either for the money or securities on interest, but 
Congress permitted fifty-three years to elapse after the passage of 
the resolution, and then gave him merely the sum of $2400, to 
which he was entitled in the year 1783. Mr. Ready s report, of 
the 5th of February, 1855, considers only the question whether in 
terest should be allowed on the five years full pay as commutation 
from the end of the war, the time when it became due, and the 
committee decided that interest was due. But as our opinion is 
that Dr. Baird was entitled to half-pay for life, from the 29th of 
March, 1781, the matter relating to the commutation need not be 
further inquired into. 

The evidence in the case proves, that Dr. Baird was surgeon of 
the regiment of artificers from the 20th of March, 1780, and served 
in that capacity until the regiment was reduced, on the 29th of 
March, 1781. It is admitted by the solicitor, and the evidence 
proves, that the case does not come within any of the acts or resolu 
tions in the nature of acts of limitation, which requires claims to be 
presented within a specified period, and is not barred by any of 
them. It is admitted that Dr. Baird died on the 27th of October, 
1805 ; and it is proved that the claimant, Thomas H. Baird, was 
appointed administrator of his estate on the 9th d ay of March, 1819. 

The amount of Dr. Baird s half-pay was $240 per annum, payable 
at the end of every year. He ivas entitled to this sum up to the 
llth of October, 1805, the day of his death, and interest on the pay 
ments as they became due, according to the express provisions of the 
resolution of June 3, 1784. 

There was, therefore, due him at the time of his death the sum 
of $10,074 r 8 ^ 4 Q. Upon this sum interest is due from the Hth of 
October, 1805, until the 1st of June, 1856, deducting therefrom the 
sum o/ $2400, paid under act of Jane 23, 1836. 

20* 



466 THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

It will be seen that the accounting officers of the Government, 
eoteinporaneous with the commutation act of 1783, decided that, 
from the nature of the corps in which Dr. Baird served, and on the 
ground that he was not a " regimental surgeon," he was not entitled 
to the benefits of that act. 

His title to commutation was never admitted until the second 
session of the 23d Congress, when a favorable report was made; 
and it was not until June 23, 1836, that a bill passed granting him 
this commutation. 

Every one will agree that, inasmuch as Dr. Baird did not receive 
his commutation of half-pay until June 23, 1836, interest was justly 
due on it from the Revolutionary period up to that time, as has been 
allowed in nearly every similar case from 1794 to the present day. 

But the difference between Dr. Baird s case and that of the other 
officers of the Revolutionary army is, that the other officers received 
their commutation at the time it was first made due, and therefore 
were not entitled to interest for time delayed in the issuing of their 
commutation certificates, while Dr. Baird did not receive his till 
1836, and therefore was entitled to interest for time delayed from 
1783 to 1836. 

And Dr. Baird has been restored to his half-pay from March 29, 
1781, to October 27, 1805, when he died, with interest on each an 
nual payment to the day of his death, and has been allowed interest 
also on the whole sum, thus accumulated at the time of his death, 
up to June 1, 1856, when payment was made, deducting from the 
whole amount the sum of $2400, as commutation received in 1836. 

To this restoration of the half-pay for life with interest, Dr. Baird 
has no better right than the other officers, who now claim the action 
of Congress and the Court of Claims in his case as a precedent for 
their own. 

For the information of the many thousands of the heirs of Revo 
lutionary officers and others in the United States interested, a great 
many of whom may have, as yet, heard little or nothing of the pro 
ceedings, we have reported the action of Congress and the opinion 
of the Court of Claims on these half-pay cases somewhat at length, 
for our limits, and may further remark that, from what has been 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 4:67 

admitted on all sides, and assuming the opinion of Attorney-general 
Berrien, under date of October 2, 1830, in the case of Colonel Har 
rison, to be correct, viz., "No interest is due unless the claimant 
shall have paid interest ; in which case, indeed, interest becomes 
strictly a portion of the principal of his claim" the right of the of 
ficers to a restoration of their half-pay, and an allowance of interest 
on the deferred payments from the Revolutionary period, cannot be 
disputed ; for the officers, in the sale of their securities, did pay a 
heavy interest in depreciation, equal in amount, in a majority of 
cases, to seven-eighths of the face of their certificates. 



THE SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

THIS institution is so intimately connected with affairs at the 
close of the Revolution, and with preparations for the return of the 
country to the pursuits of peace, after emerging from the conflicts 
of an eight years war, that some account of it, in this connection, 
may be proper, and to many instructive. 

It was in the period of the government of ancient Rome by the 
"Tribunes of the People," before the appointment of the Decemviri, 
that Coriolanus, an eloquent and powerful senator, was expelled 
from the commonwealth, and took shelter with Tullus Attius, a dis 
tinguished Volscian leader, who espoused his quarrel. In conse 
quence, the league between this country and the Romans was bro 
ken, and a powerful Volscian army was sent to invade Rome, head 
ed by the expatriated Coriolanus, who, yielding to the tears and 
entreaties of Veturia his mother and Volumnia his wife, withdrew 
his army from Rome. 

But a restoration of peace to the commonwealth, and a cessation 
of hostilities without, only gave opportunity for intrigue and dissen 
sion within. Spurius Cassius, fired with wild ambition, and wanting 
to make himself despotic by means of the people, was found guilty 
of a number of conspiracies against the Constitution of the State, 



468 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

and was thrown headlong from the Tarpeian Rock by the very per 
sons whose interests he represented. 

The Agrarian law, a measure for dividing the lands of the com 
monwealth equally among the people, now agitated the country, 
and Manlius and Fabius, consuls of a former year, accused of making 
unjustifiable delays in putting it off, were summoned by the Tri 
bunes to appear before the people. 

This law was a grant the Senate could not think of giving up to the 
people, and the many excuses and delays made about it, incensed 
the people so as to threaten the destruction of the commonwealth. 

In this alarming state of things, they were obliged once more to 
have recourse to a dictator, and Lucius QUINTUS CINCINNATUS, an 
illustrious Roman, who had given up all views of ambition, and re 
tired to his little farm, was waited upon by the deputies of the Sen 
ate, who found him at his plough, dressed in the mean attire of a 
laboring husbandman. He appeared but little elevated at the ad 
dress of ceremony and pompous robes they brought him, and upon 
declaring to him the Senate s pleasure, he testified a natural prefer 
ment of the charms of a country retirement to the fatiguing splen 
dors of office, and said to his wife, as the deputies were leading him 
away, " I fear, my Attilla, that for this year, our little fields must 
remain unsown." Thus, taking a tender leave, he departed to the 
city, where both parties were inflamed against each other. By strict 
attention to the interests of his country, instead of gaining the con 
fidence of factions, he won the esteem of all ; and by prevailing on 
the Tribunes to put off the Agrarian law for a time, restored tran 
quillity to the people, and again retired from the splendors of power 
to his " little farm." 

" The JEqui and the Volsci," writes Goldsmith, " who, though 
still worsted, still were for renewing the war, made new inroads into 
the territories of Rome. Minutius, one of the consuls who suc 
ceeded Cincinnatus, was sent to oppose them ; but being naturally 
timid, and rather more afraid of being conquered than desirous of 
victory, his army was driven into a defile between two mountains, 
from which, except through the enemy, there was no egress. This, 
however, the ^Equi had the precaution to fortify, by which the Ro- 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 469 

man army was so hemmed in on every side, that nothing remained 
but submission to the enemy, famine, or immediate death. Some 
knights, who found means of getting away privately through the 
enemy s camp, were the first who brought the account of this dis 
aster to Rome. Nothing could exceed the consternation of all ranks 
of the people when informed of it : the Senate, at first, thought of 
the other consul ; but not having sufficient experience of his abili 
ties, they unanimously turned their eyes on Cincinnatus, and again 
resolved to make him dictator. Cincinnatus, the only person on 
whom Rome could now place her whole dependence, was found, as 
before, by the messengers of the Senate laboring in his little field 
with cheerful industry. He was at first astonished at the ensigns 
of unbounded power with which the deputies came to invest him, 
but still more at the approach of the Senate, who came out to 
meet him. A dignity so unlocked for, however, had no effect on 
the simple integrity of his manners. 

" Upon entering the city, the dictator put on a serene look, and 
entreated all those who were able to bear arms to repair before 
sunset to the Campus Martius with the necessary provisions for five 
days. He put himself at the head of these, and marching all night 
with great expedition, arrived before day within sight of the en 
emy. Upon his approach he ordered his soldiers to raise a loud 
shout, to apprise the consul s army of the relief that was at hand. 
The JEqui were not a little amazed when they saw themselves be 
tween two enemies, but still more when they perceived Cincinnatus 
making the strongest intrenchments beyond them to prevent their 
escape, and inclosing them as they had inclosed the consul. To 
prevent this, a furious combat ensued ; but the JEqui being attacked 
on both sides, and unable to resist or fly, begged a cessation of arms ; 
they offered the dictator his own ^ terms ; he gave them their lives, 
but obliged them, in token of servitude, to pass under the yoke. 
Their captains and generals he made prisoners of war, being re 
served to adorn his triumph. As for the plunder of the enemy s 
camp, that he gave entirely to his own soldiers, without reserving 
any part for himself, or permitting those of the delivered army to 
have a share. 



4:70 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

" Thus, having rescued a Roman army from inevitable destruc 
tion, having defeated a powerful enemy, having taken and fortified 
their city, and still more, having refused any part of the spoil, he 
resigned the dictatorship, after having enjoyed it but fourteen days. 
The Senate would have enriched him, but he declined their offers, 
choosing to retire once more to his farm and cottage, content with 
temperance and fame." 

It has been beautifully said that "Providence moves through 
time as the gods of Homer through space it takes one step and 
ages have rolled away ;" and though it has rolled twenty-three cen 
turies between the illustrious farmer of Rome and our own immor 
tal farmer of Mount Vernon, yet, in the night-march of the former 
to the aid of the despairing army of Minutius, and in that of the 
latter, over the storm-lashed and icy billows of the Delaware, on the 
Hessian encampment at Trenton, the same " Arcturus, Orion, Plei 
ades, and the chambers of the South," known also in the days of 
the patient man of Uz, still perpetuated by the same moving Prov 
idence, enlightened both armies ; and the gaze of both generals has 
rested upon the same constellations, so that time, by similitude of 
circumstances and character, seems to have been so far annihilated 
as to bring the two to stand contemporaneously on the great plat 
form of human liberty, and to a personal recognition of each other 
in the great Society of Peace, bearing the name of the one and 
presided over by the other, whose valedictory proclaimed, that, 
" Having finished the work assigned me, I retire from the great 
theatre of action, and bidding an affectionate farewell to this august 
body, under whose orders I have so long acted, I here offer my 
commission, and take leave of all the public employments of life" 
and of whom it was said, when the "clods of the valley" were 
about to cover all of him that was mortal : " Our virtuous Chief, 
mindful only of the common good, in a moment of tempting per 
sonal aggrandizement, hushed the discontents of growing sedition ; 
and, surrendering his power into the hands from which he had 
received it, converted his sword into a ploughshare, teaching an 
admiring world that to be truly great, you must be truly good." 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 471 

The following is the Constitution of the Society of the Cincinnati, 
agreed upon at, the " Cantonment of the American Army, on Hud 
son River, May 13, 1783." 

It having pleased the Supreme Governor of the Universe, in the 
disposition of human affairs, to cause the separation of the Colonies 
of North America from the domination of Great Britain, and after 
a bloody conflict of eight years, to establish them free, independent, 
and sovereign States, connected, by alliances founded on reciprocal 
advantages, with some of the greatest princes and powers of the 
earth. 

To perpetuate, therefore, as well the remembrance of this vast 
event, as the mutual friendships which have been formed under the 
pressure of common danger, and in many instances cemented by the 
blood of the parties, the officers of the American army do hereby, 
in tbe most solemn manner, associate, constitute, and combine them 
selves into one SOCIETY OF FRIENDS, to endure as long as they shall 
endure, or any of their eldest male posterity, and in failure thereof, 
the collateral branches, who may be judged worthy of becoming its 
supporters and members. 

The officers of the American army, having generally been taken 
from the citizens of America, possess high veneration for the char 
acter of that illustrious Roman, Lucius QUINTUS CINCINNATUS ; 
and being resolved to follow his example, by returning to their citi 
zenship, they think they may, with propriety, denominate them 
selves THE SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

The following principles shall be immutable, and form the basis 
of the Society of the Cincinnati : 

An incessant attention to preserve inviolate those exalted rights 
and liberties of human nature, for which they have fought and bled, 
and without which the high rank of a rational being is a curse in 
stead of a blessing. 

An unalterable determination to promote and cherish, between 
the respective States, that union and national honor so essentially 
necessary to their happiness, and the future dignity of the American 
empire. 



472 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

To render permanent the cordial affection subsisting among the 
officers. This spirit will dictate brotherly kindness in all things, 
and particularly extend to the most substantial acts of beneficence, 
according to the ability of the Society, towards those officers and 
their families who unfortunately may be under the necessity of re 
ceiving it. 

The General Society will, for the sake of frequent communica 
tions, be divided into State Societies, and those again into such dis 
tricts as shall be directed by the State Society. 

The societies of the districts to meet as often as shall be agreed 
upon by the State Society ; those of the State on the fourth day 
of July annually, or oftener, if they shall find it expedient; and 
the General Society on the first Monday in May annually, so long 
as they shall deem it necessary, and afterwards, at least once in 
every three years. 

At each meeting the principles of the institution will be fully 
considered, and the best measures to promote them adopted. 

The State Societies will consist of all the members resident in 
each State respectively ; and any member removing from one State 
to another, is to be considered, in all respects, as belonging to the 
Society of the State in which he shall actually reside. 

The State Societies to have a president, vice-president, secretary, 
treasurer, and assistant treasurer, to be chosen annually by a major 
ity of votes, at the State meeting. 

Each State shall write annually, or oftener, if necessary, a circu 
lar letter to the other State Societies, noting whatever they may 
think worthy of observation, respecting the good of the Society, 
or the general union of the States, and giving information of the 
officers chosen for the current year. Copies of these letters shall be 
regularly transmitted to the secretary-general of the Society, who 
will record them in a book to be assigned for that purpose. 

The State Society will regulate every thing respecting itself and 
the societies of the districts, consistent with the general maxims 
of the Cincinnati; judge of the qualifications of the members who 
may be proposed ; and expel any member who, by conduct incon 
sistent with a gentleman and a man of honor, or by an opposition 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 473 

to the interests of the community in general, or the Society in par 
ticular, may render himself unworthy to continue a member. 

In order to form funds which may be respectable, and assist the 
unfortunate, each officer shall deliver to the treasurer of the State 
Society one month s pay, which shall remain forever to the use of 
the State Society ; the interest only of which, if necessary, to be 
appropriated to the relief of the unfortunate. 

Donations may be made by persons not of the Society, and by 
members of the Society, for the express purpose of forming perma 
nent funds for the use of the State Society ; and the interest of 
these donations appropriated in the same manner as thafc of the 
month s pay. 

Moneys, at the pleasure of each member, may be subscribed in 
the societies of the districts, or the State societies, for the relief of 
the unfortunate members, or their widows and orphans, to be ap 
propriated by the State Society only. 

The meeting of the General Society shall consist of its officers, 
and a representation from each State Society, in number not exceed 
ing five, whose expenses shall be borne by their respective State 
Societies. 

In the general meeting, the president, vice-president, secretary, 
assistant secretary, treasurer, and assistant treasurer-general, shall 
be chosen, to serve until the next meeting. 

The circular letters which have been written by the respective 
State Societies to each other, and their particular laws, shall be read 
and considered, and all measures concerted which may conduce to 
the general intendment of the Society. 

It is probable that some persons may make donations to the Gen 
eral Society, for the purpose of establishing funds for the further 
comfort of the unfortunate ; in which case such donations must be 
placed "in the hands of the treasurer-general, the interest only of 
which is to be disposed of, if necessary, by the general meeting. 

All the officers of the American army, as well those who have 
resigned with honor, after three years service in the capacity of 
officers, or who have been deranged by the resolutions of Congress, 
upon the several reforms of the army, as those who shall have con* 



474: SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

tinued to the end of the war, have the right to become parties in 
this institution ; provided that they subscribe one month s pay, and 
sign their names to the general rules, in their respective State so 
cieties, those who are present with the army immediately, and 
others within six months after the army shall be disbanded, extra 
ordinary cases excepted. The rank, time of service, resolutions of 
Congress by which they have been deranged, and place of resi 
dence, must be added to each name ; and as a testimony of affec 
tion to the memory and the offspring of such officers as have died 
in the service, their eldest male branches shall have the same right 
of becojning members as the children of the actual members of the 
Society. 

Those officers who are foreigners, not resident in any of the 
States, will have their names enrolled by the secretary -general, and 
are to be considered as members in the societies of any of the States 
in which they may happen to be. 

And as there are, and will at all times be, men in the respective 
States, eminent for their abilities and patriotism, whose views may 
be directed to the same laudable objects with those of the Cincin 
nati, it shall be a rule to admit such characters as honorary mem 
bers of the Society, for their own lives only : Provided always, that 
the number of honorary members in each State does not exceed a 
ratio of one to four of the officers or their descendants. 

Each State Society shall obtain a list of its members, and, at the 
first annual meeting, the State secretary shall have engrossed, on 
parchment, two copies of the institution of the Society, which every 
member present shall sign ; and the secretary shall endeavor to pro 
cure the signature of every absent member ; one of those lists to be 
transmitted to the secretary-general, to be kept in the archives of 
the Society, and the other to remain in the hands of the State sec 
retary. From the State lists, the secretary .general must make out, 
at the first general meeting, a complete list of the whole Society, 
with a copy of which he will furnish each State secretary. 

The Society shall have an Order, by which its members shall be 
known and distinguished, which shall be a medal, of gold, of a 
proper size to receive the emblems, and suspended by a deep-blue 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 475 

ribbon, two inches wide, edged with white, descriptive of the union 
of America and France, viz. : 

The principal figure, CINCINNATUS ; three senators presenting him 
with a sword and other military ensigns : on a field in the back 
ground his wife standing at the door of their cottage; near it a 
plough and implements of husbandry. Round the whole, Omnia 
reliquit servare RempuUicam. On the reverse : Sun rising ; a city 
with open gates, and vessels entering the port; Fame crowning 
Cincinnatus with a wreath, inscribed Virtutis Prcemium. Below, 
Hands joined, supporting a Heart, with the motto, Esto Perpetua. 
Round the whole, Societas Cincinnatorum Instituta, A. D. 1783. 

The Society, deeply impressed with a sense of the generous assist 
ance this country has received from France, and desirous of perpet 
uating the friendships which have been formed and so happily sub 
sisted between the officers of the allied forces, in the prosecution of 
the war, direct, that the President-general transmit, as soon as may 
be, to each of the characters hereafter named, a medal containing 
the order of the Society, viz. : 

His Excellency the Chevalier De La Luzerne, Minister Plenipoten 
tiary ; 

His Excellency the Sieur Gerard, late Minister Plenipotentiary ; 
Their Excellencies the Count D Estaing, 

the Count De Grasse, 

the Count De Barras, 

the Chevalier De Touches, 

Admirals and Commanders in the Navy ; 

His Excellency the Count De Rochambeau, Commander-in-Chief ; 
And the Generals and Colonels of his army, and acquaint them 
that the Society does themselves the honor to consider them as 
members. 

Resolved. That a copy of the foregoing institution be given to 
the senior officer of each State Line, and that the officers of the re 
spective State Lines sign their names to the same, in the manner 
and form following ; viz., 



476 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 



We, the subscribers, officers of the American army, do hereby 
voluntarily become parties to the foregoing institution, and do bind 
ourselves to observe, and be governed by, the principles therein 
contained. For the performance whereof we do solemnly pledge to 
each other our sacred honor. 

Done in the Cantonment on Hudson River, in the year 1783. 

General Heath, General Baron De Steuben, and General Knox, 
were appointed to wait on His Excellency General Washington, 
with a copy of the Institution, and request him to honor the Society 
by placing his name at the head of it. 



The following are the names of the different officers of the Gen 
eral Society from its fbrmation, with the dates of their election : 



PRESIDENTS. 
George Washington, 
Alexander Hamilton, 
Charles C. Pinckney, 
Thomas Pinckney, 
Aaron Ogden, 
Morgan Lewis, 
William Popham, 
Henry A. S. Dearborn, 

SECRETARIES. 
Henry Knox, 
William Jackson, 
Alexander W. Johnston, 

TREASURERS. 
Alexander McDougall, 
William McPherson, 
Allen McLane, 
John Markland, 
Joseph W. Scott, 





VICE PRESIDENTS. 




1783. 


Horatio Gates, 


1784. 


1800. 


Thomas Mifflin, 


1787. 


1805. 


Charles C. Pinckney, 


1800. 


1825. 


Henry Knox, 


1805. 


1829. 


J. Brooks, 


1811. 


1839. 


Aaron Ogden, 


1825. 


1844. 


Morgan Lewis, 


1829. 


1848. 


William Schute, 


1839. 




Horace Binney, 


1844. 




Hamilton Fish, 


1848. 


1783. 






1800. 


ASSISTANT SECRETARIES. 


1829. 


Otho H. Williams, 


1784. 




George Turner, 


1787. 




William McPherson, 


1790. 


1783. 


Nathan Dorsey, 


1800. 


1800. 


Thomas McEwen, 


1829. 


1825. 






1832. 






1838. 







The following form of subscribing to the State Societies was 
adopted in 1783, and following it we will give the names of the 
original members in some of the State Societies, viz. : 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 477 

"To JOHN PIERCE, ESQ., Paymaster Gen. to the army of the United States. 

g IR : Please pay to , Treasurer for the State 

Association of the Cincinnati, or his order, one month s pay of our 
several grades respectively, and deduct the same from the balance 
which shall be found due to us on the final liquidation of our ac 
counts ; for which this shall be your warrant." 



LIST OF ORIGINAL MEMBERS OF THE NEW YORK STATE SOCIETY 
OF THE CINCINNATI. 

Jonas Addoms, Lieutenant, 2d Eegiment, New York Artillery. 

Peter Anspach, do. do. do. do. 

Aaron Aorson, Captain, 1st Eegiment New York. 

Josiah Bagley, Lieutenant, do. do. 

John Bard, Captain, 2d Kegiment, Georgia. 

Sebastian Bauman, Major, 2d Eegiment, New York Artillery. 

Jerrick Beekman, Lieutenant, do. do. do. 

William Belknap, Lieutenant, Livingston s Eegiment. 

Walter Bicker, Captain, Patton s Eegiment. 

Leonard Bleeker, Captain, 1st New York Eegiment. 

James Bradford, Lieutenant and Adjutant, New York Artillery. 

James Brewster, Captain-lieutenant, do. do. 

David Brooks, Assistant Clothier-general. 

Joseph Browne, Surgeon, 7th Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Eobert Burnett, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Jonathan Burrall, Deputy Paymaster-general. 

Caleb Brewster, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Aaron Burr, Lieutenant-colonel, Malcom s Eegiment, New York. 

Duncan Campbell, Lieutenant-colonel, Livingston s Eegiment, New York. 

John Cape, Lieutenant, 1st Eegiment, New Jersey. 

Nehemiah Carpenter, Ensign, New York Artillery. 

James Chrystie, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Matthew Clarkson, Major. 

James Clinton, Brigadier-general. 

George Clinton, Honorary Member. 

Alexander Clinton, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Christopher Codwise, Lieutenant, do. do. 

Eobert Cochran, Lieutenant-colonel, 2d Eegiment, New York. 

John Cochran, Director of Hospital. 

William Colbreath, Lieutenant and Quartermaster, 2d Begimeiit, N. Y. 

Michael Connolly, Lieutenant, 2d Eegiment, New York. 

John Conway, Lieutenant-colonel, 1st Eegiment, N. J. 



478 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

Samuel Cooper, Lieutenant, Crane s Artillery. 

Andrew Cragie, Surgeon, General Hospital. 

John D. Crimshier, Paymaster, Lamb s New York Artillery. 

Ebenezer Crosby, Surgeon, Washington s Life Guards. 

Henry Cunningham, New York Artillery. 

James Davidson, Commissary, Hospital Department. 

Henry Demler, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Daniel Denniston, do. do. do. 

George J. Denniston, Lieutenant, 3d New York Regiment. 

Pierre Regnier De Rousse, Lieutenant-colonel, 2d Regiment, New York. 

Simeon De Witt, Geographer. 

Samuel Dodge, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment, New York. 

Samuel Dodge, Ensign, do. do. 

John Doughty, Captain, New York Artillery. 

Henry Dubois, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 

Edward Dunscomb, Captain, 4th do. do. 

Baron Charles D Aurier, French officer. 

John Elliott, Surgeon s Mate, 1st Regiment, New York. 

Andrew English, Captain-lieutenant, 1st Massachusetts Regiment. 

James Fairlie, Lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment, arid Aid-de-Camp to 

Major-general Baron Steuben. 

Ephraim Fenno, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery 
Nicholas Fish, Major and Brigade Inspector, New York. 
George Fleming, Captain, New York Artillery. 
John Fondy, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 
Duoy Fondy, do. do. do. 

Joseph Foote, Lieutenant, 1st Massachusetts Regiment. 
Theodocius Fowler, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 
Joseph Frelick, Lieutenant, do. do. 

John Furman, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 
John Gano, Brigade Chaplain, New York. 
David Gano, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Peter Gansevoort, Colonel, 3d New York Regiment. 
Benjamin Gilbert, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 
James Giles, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment New York Artillery. 
Aquilla Giles, Lieutenant-colonel and Aid-de-Camp. 
John Graham, Major, 1st New York Regiment. 
Charles Graham, Captain, New York Line. 
Stephen Graham, Hospital Mate. 
Silas Gray, Captain, 4th New York Regiment. 
John W. Greaton, Captain, Massachusetts Line. 
John Green, Naval Captain. 
James Gregg, Captain, 1st New York Regiment. 
James Grier, Lieutenant-colonel, Pennsylvania Line. 
John Grier, Lieutenant, 6th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Isaac Guion, Captain-lieutenant, Lamb s Artillery. 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 479 

Hoysted Hacker, Naval Captain. 

Mordecai Hale, Surgeon s Mate. 

Jonathan Hullctt, Captain, 2d Regiment, New York. 

Luther Halsey, Captain, New Jersey Line. 

Alexander Hamilton, Lieutenant-colonel and Aid-de-Camp. 

Abijah Hammond, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

John F. Hamtramck, Captain, 2d Kegiment, New York. 

Francis Hanmer, Lieutenant, 5th New York Kegiment. 

Abraham Hardensburg, Lieutenant, 1st New York Kegiment. 

Joseph Hardy, Captain of Marines. 

Samuel Hay, Lieutenant-colonel, New York Line. 

Nathaniel Henry, Lieutenant, 2d New York Kegiment. 

Benjamin Herring, Ensign, 1st New York Kegiment. 

Abel Holden, Captain, 6th Massachusetts Kegiment. 

Bazaleel Howe, Lieutenant, New Hampshire Line. 

Isaac Hubbell, Captain-lieutenant and Paymaster, N. Y. Artillery. 

James Miles Hughes, Captain, Malcom s Kegiment, and Aid-de-Camp to 

General Gates. 

Thomas Hunt, Lieutenant, 4th New York Kegiment. 
Christopher Button, Lieutenant and Adjutant, 2d N. Y. Kegiment. 
Ephraim Hunt, Lieutenant, 4th Massachusetts Kegiment. 
Abraham Hyatt, Lieutenant, New York Line. 
Thomas T. Jackson, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Cornelius T. Jansen, Captain, 1st New York Kegiment. 
James Johnston, Lieutenant, 2d New York Kegiment. 
Robert Johnson, Physician, General Hospital. 
John Keese, Assistant Deputy Quartermaster-general. 
Jacob Kemper, Captain-lieutenant, Stevens Artillery. 
Daniel Hemper, Deputy Clothier-general. 
John Lamb, Colonel, 2d Kegiment Artillery. 
Garret Lansing, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 
John Lawrence, Judge-advocate-general. 

Nathaniel Lawrence, Lieutenant, 2d North Carolina Kegiment. 
Jonathan Lawrence, Captain of Sappers and Miners. 
George Leycraft, Lieutenant, Lamb s Artillery. 
William Leycraft, do. do. do. 

Benjamin Lcdyard, Major, New York Line. 
Isaac Ledyard, Surgeon s Mate. 
Morgan Lewis, Colonel and Quartermaster-general. 
Brokolst Livingston, Lieutenant-colonel. 
Henry B. Livingston, Colonel, 4th New York Regiment. 
Samuel Logan, Major, 5th New York Regiment. 
Lebbcus Loomis, Lieutenant and Adjutant, Col. Swift s Conn. 
Henry E. Lutterloh, Colonel, New York Line. 
Abraham Leggett, Lieutenant, 5th New York Regiment. 
Alexander McDougall, Major-general. 



480 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

Kenald S. McDongall, Major and Aid-de-Camp. 

Charles McKnight, Surgeon. 

Daniel McLane, Lieutenant, Massachusetts Line. 

Thomas Machin, Captain, 2d Regiment, New York. 

Peter Magee, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 

Samuel Mansfield, Captain of Artillery. 

John Marsh, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 

Elihu Marshall, Captain, New York Line. 

Daniel Menema, Surgeon, 2d New York Regiment. 

Andrew Moodie, Captain, Lamb s Artillery. 

Joseph Morrell, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 

William W. Morris, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment, Artillery. 

Ebenezer Macomber, Captain, Rhode Island Line. 

Peter Nestell, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Charles Newkirk, Captain-lieutenant, 2d Regiment, New York. 

James Nicholson, Naval Captain. 

Daniel Niven, Captain of Engineers. 

William North, Captain, Mass. Line, and Aid-de-Camp to Gen. Steuben. 

Nathaniel Norton, Captain, New York Line. 

Daniel Parker, Captain- Lieutenant, Crane s Artillery. 

Charles Parsons, Captain, 1st New York Regiment. 

Henry Pawling, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 

Samuel T. Pell, do. do. do. 

Robert Pemberton, Captain, Connecticut Regiment. 

Nathaniel Pendleton, Capt., Va. Line, and Aid-de-Camp to Gen. Greene. 

William Peters, Ensign, 2d New York Regiment. 

Richard Platt, Major and Aid-de-Camp. 

William Popham, Captain and Aid-de-Camp. 

Henry Pray, Captain, 1st Massachusetts Regiment. 

William Price, Lieutenant, Massachusetts Artillery. 

Abner Prior, Surgeon s Mate, 2d New York Regiment. 

Thomas Randall, Captain of Artillery. 

John Reed, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Jacob Reed, Captain, do. do. 

John R. B. Rogers, Surgeon, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Wilhelmus Ryckman, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 

Baron De Steuben, Major-general. 

John Santford, Captain, Spencer s Connecticut Regiment. 

Derick Schuyler, Ensign, 2d New York Regiment. 

Philip Schuyler, Major-general. 

William Scudder, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 

John Shaw, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Israel Smith, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 

William S. Smith, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Isaac Smith, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Ephraim Snow, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 481 

John Stagg, Lieutenant, Spencer s Kegiment. 
John Stake, Lieutenant of Light Dragoons. 
Jehosaphat Starr, Ensign, Colonel Webb s Eegiment. 
Gerard Stediford, Lieutenant, 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Ebenezer Stevens, Lieutenant-colonel, New York Artillery. 
James Stewart, Captain, New York Line. 
William Strachan, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Caleb Swan, Ensign, Massachusetts Line. 
Bernardus Swartwout, Ensign, 2d New York Eegiment. 
Cornelius Swartwout, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Caleb Sweet, Surgeon, 1st New York Kegiment. 
George Sytez, Captain, do. do. 

William Stewart, Captain, Hazen s Eegiment. 
Ebenezer Storer, Lieutenant and Paymaster, Brewer s Eegiment. 
Silas Talbott, Lieutenant-colonel, Pennsylvania Line. 
Samuel Tallmadge, Lieutenant, 2d New York Eegiment. 
William Tapp, Lieutenant, 3d New York Eegiment. 
Peter Taulman, Captain-lieutenant, Sappers and Miners. 
John C. Ten Broeck, Captain, 1st New York Eegiment. 
Adam Ten Broeck, Ensign, do. do. 

Alexander Thompson, Lieutenant New York Artillery. 
Henry Tiebout, Captain, 1st New York Eegiment. 
Thomas Tillotson, Physician and Surgeon-general. 
William Torrey, Lieutenant, Massachusetts Line. 
Robert Troup, Lieutenant-colonel and Aid-de-Camp. 
John Trumbull, Colonel and Deputy Adjutant-general, 
Thomas Turner, Captain, Massachusetts Line. 
John F. Vacher, Surgeon, New York Line. 
Philip Van Courtlandt, Colonel, 2d New York Eegiment. 
Cornelius Van Dyck, Lieutenant-colonel, 1st New York Eegiment. 
Henry Vandeburg, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 
Bartholomew Vandeburg, Ensign, 2d New York Regiment. 
John Van Dyck, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Rudolph Van Hovenburgh, Lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment. 
David Van Home, Captain Pennsylvania Line. 

Jeremiah Van Rennselaer, Lieutenant and Paymaster, 1st N. Y. Regt. 
Goosse Van Schaick, Colonel, 1st New York Eegiment. 
Garret Van Wagenen, Surgeon, 8th Pennsylvania Eegiment 
Tunis Van Wagenan, Lieutenant, 2d New York Eegiment. 
Richard Varick, Lieutenant-colonel and Deputy Mus. Mr. General. 
Veter Vosborough, Captain, Livingston s Regiment. 
Nicholas Van Rennselaer, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 
John Waldron, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Benjamin W r alker, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 
Jedediah Waterman, Ensign, 8th Massachusetts Regiment. 
James Walson, Captain, New York Line, 
21 



482 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

Samuel B. Webb, Colonel, 3d Connecticut Regiment. 

Charles F. Weisenfels, Lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment. 

Frederick Weisenfels, Lieutenant-colonel, New York Line. 

Jacob H. Wendell, Lieutenant and Adjutant, 1st New York Regiment. 

John H. Wendell, Captain, do. 

Michael Wetzell, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Andrew White, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment, New York. 

Anthony Walton White, Colonel, 1st Regiment Light Dragoons. 

Murinus Willett, Lieutenant-colonel, 5th New York Regiment. 

Robert Wilson, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 

Jacob Wright, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 

Ephraim Woodruff, Lieutenant, do. 

Peter Woodward, Lieutenant, Connecticut Line. 

MEMBERS OF THE PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI, i 

THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY SUBSCRIBED, IN DECEMBER, 1783. 

John Armstrong, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Thos. Wylis, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery Artificers. 

Francis White, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

James McLean, Lieutenant of Invalids. 

Sam. Doty, Captain-lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

W. Ferguson, Captain, do. 

David Zeigler, Captain. 

F. Mentges, Lieutenant-colonel and Inspector, Southern Army. 

J. Pratt, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Richd. Fullerton, Lieutenant and Adjutant, 1st Penn. Regiment. 

Geo. Bush, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

John Strieker, Lieutenant, do. 

Erkuries Beatty, Lieutenant, do. 

Wm. Moore, Lieutenant, 1st Regiment Dragoons. 

Robt. McConnell, Captain-lieutenant of Artillery. 

Jab. Weitzel, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Wm. Wilson, Captain, do. 

James Armstrong, Captain, Lee s Legion. 

Jno. Bankson, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

J. McFarlane, Lieutenant, do. 

Jno. Markland, Lieutenant, do. 

Jno. Bush, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Thos. Doyle, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Jos. Harmar, Lieutenant-colonel, do. 

R. Allison, Surgeon s Mate, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Andw. Lytle, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

T. Seely, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

John Doyle, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 483 

Jas. F. McPherson, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

William Magaw, Surgeon, do. 

Anty. Wayne, Brigadier-general, Pennsylvania Line. 

William McHatton, Captain of Invalids. 

C. De Marcellin, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Le Koy, Lieutenant, do. 

Le Chevalier De Lambert, Lieutenant d Artillerie. 

H. Henly, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Andrew Henderson, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Joseph Ashton, Captain-lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Edward Speer, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Robt. McMordie, Chaplain, 1st Pennsylvania Brigade. 

John Stoy, Captain-lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Walter Stewart, Colonel, and Inspector of Northern Army. 

Enos Reeves, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

James Morris Jones, Lieutenant, do. 

Jno. McDowell, Surgeon, Pennsylvania Line. 

E. Edwards, Major, 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

P. Peres, Surgeon, German Regiment. 

Andrew Porter, Lieutenant-colonel, Com t Pennsylvania Regt. Artillery. 

Francis Nichols, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Francis Proctor, Major of Artillery. 

William Murrin, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Hen. D. Purcell, do. do. 

Andw. Walker, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Stewart Herbert, Lieutenant, do. 

J. Mackinney, do. do. 

Francis Johnston, Colonel, Pennsylvania. 

Ja: Chrystie, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Henry Bicker, Captain, llth Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Wilder Bevins, Lieutenant. 

Benj. Lodge, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Thomas Dungan, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

T. Robinson, Lieutenant-colonel, do. 

Jas. Gamble, Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Henry Piercy, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Alexr. Parker, Captain, do. 

Jas. Chambers, Colonel, Pennsylvania. 

Matthew Maus, Surgeon, Invalid Regiment. 

Fredk. Vernon, Major, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

J. Grier, Major, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

John B. Webster, Captain-lieutenant. 

J. Moore, Major, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

A. G. Claypoole, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Daniel Brodhead, Colonel, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Matthew McConnell, Captain of Invalids. 



4:84 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

James Glentworth, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Kegiment. 

J. Stake, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

W. Van Lear, Captain, 5th Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

T. B. Bowen, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

W. Macpherson, Major. 

Davd. S. Franks, Major. 

Jesse Crosley, Captain-lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Jno. Strieker, Captain-lieutenant, 4th Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Stephen Moylan, Colonel, 4th Eegiment Light Dragoons. 

Zebn. Pike, Captain, do. do. 

John Davis, Captain. 

Isaac Craig, Major, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Stephen Bayard, Lieutenant-colonel, 3d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

W. Finney, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

S. Montgomery, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

John E. B. Eogers, Surgeon, do. 

Wm. McCurdy, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Jno. Eeily, Captain, Invalid Eegiment, Pennsylvania. 

Thos. Proctor, Colonel, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Chas. Turnbull, Captain, do. 

James Lloyd, Captain-lieutenant, Artillery. 

James Hamilton, Major, 2d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Ph. Liebery, Captain of Invalids. 

Jean Aug. De Florat, Captain, and Assistant Engineer. 

Jno. Wigton, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

John Harper, Lieutenant, 5th Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

John Christie, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Benj. Bartholomew, Captain, 5th Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Saml. A. McCoffrey, Surgeon, Pennsylvania Artillery Artificers. 

John Jordan, Captain, do. do. 

Isaac Van Home, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Js. Campbell, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Jno. McClelan, Captain, do. 

J. McCullam, Lieutenant and Adjutant, 4th Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Beading Beatty, Surgeon, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Wm. Sproat, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Eichd. Butler, Colonel, do. 

Isaac B. Dunn, Major, do. 

W. McDowell, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Edw. Crawford, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

John Eose, do. do. 

Wm. Martin, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

John Marshall, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Jas. Parr, Major. 

C. North, Lieutenant-colonel, 2d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

Ln. Davis, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Eegiment. 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 485 

Francis Murray, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Wm. Kogers, Chaplain, 3d Pennsylvania Brigade. 

James R. Reid, Major. 

John Patterson, Captain. 

John Van Court, Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Jno. Stotesbury, Captain. 

Jas. Pettigrew, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Peter Smith, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

John Armstrong, jr., Major. 

Edmund Bourke, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

T. Boude, do. do. 

George Stevenson, Hospital Mate. 

Robt. Parker, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Jas. McMichael, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Levi Griffith, Lieutenant, 5th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

James Montgomery, Captain. 

Thomas Douglas, Captain of Artillery. 

Barnabas Binney, Hospital Surgeon. 

Thos. Bond, jr., Purveyor. 

Edwd. Hand, Major-general. 

T. Campbell, Captain. 

Wm. Lusk, do. 

George North, Lieutenant. 

Andw. Irvine, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

John Nevill, Colonel, 4th Virginia Regiment. 

John Boyd, Captain-lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Jacob Mytinger, Lieutenant, Von Heer s Cavalry. 

Jno. Michon, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Robt. Sample, Captain, 10th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Alex. Benstead, Lieutenant, do. 

Wm. Henderson, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Robert Wilkin, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Adm. Hubley, jr., Lieutenant-colonel, llth Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Worsley Ernes, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Nat. Irish, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery Artificers. 

Thomas M. McCalla, Surgeon, 4th Regiment Light Dragoons. 

Ezekiel Howell, Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Robt. Coltman, Captain, do. do. 

John Bryce, do. do. do. 

Matthew McGuire, do. do. do. 

Robert McGaw, Colonel, 6th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

James G. Heron, Captain, Hazen s Regiment. 

Wm. Sade, Captain, llth Penn. Regiment, and Assistant Geographer. 

Wm. Wilkins, Captain of Invalids. 

James Gilchrist, Lieutenant, 5th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Thos. Mclntire, Captain. 



486 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

Blackall Wm. Ball, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Kegiment. 

John Humphrey, Lieutenant, 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

William Power, Captain of Artillery. 

James Smith, Captain-lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

L. Keene, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment, and Aid-de-Camp. 

A. St. Clair, Major-general. 

Jer. Jackson, Captain. 

Job Vernon, do. 

Eobert Patton, do. 

Sam l Smith, do. 

Rob t Martin, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Philippe Avabing, Lieutenant of Dragoons. 

John Craig, Captain of do. 

Ber d Kibley, Captain, German Regiment. 

James Davidson, Surgeon, 5th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

J. Talbott, Major, 6th do. do. 

George Tudor, do. 5th do. do. 

Sam l Bryson, Lieutenant, 4th do. do. 

Wm. Price, Captain, German Regiment. 

Jonah Hallett, Lieutenant, Partizan Legion. 

Wm. Williams, Captain of Invalids. 

Philip Shrawder, Captain, German Regiment. 

Samuel Talbott, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Barthol w Von Heer, Major, Light Dragoons. 

Sam l Reed, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Gabriel Peterson, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Daniel St. Clair, do. do. do. 

John Weidman, Lieutenant, German Regiment. 

William McMurray, Captain of Sappers and Miners. 

Jeremiah Freeman, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Hugh Martin, Surgeon, 8th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Joseph L, Fiuley, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Jno. Nice, do. 6th do. do. 

Will. Mackey, do. 9th do. do. 

John Hughes, Lieutenant, 4th do. do. 

J. B. Tilden, do. 

Richard Humpton, Colonel. 

J. Simonds, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery 

Jacob Bower, do. 

MEMBERS OF THE MARYLAND SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 



W. Smallwood, Major-general. 
M. Gist, Brigadier-general. 
O. H. Williams, do. 
N. Ramsey, Lieutenant-colonel. 



John Eccleston, Major. 
Joshua Barney, Captain, Navy. 
John Nicholson, do. do. 
H. Hardman, Major. 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 



487 



John Davidson, Major. 
William D. Beall, do. 
William Brown, do. 
John Cotes, Captain. 
Kichard Dorsey, do. 
David Morrow, Surgeon, 
Ezekiel Hayne, do. 
Thomas Boyd, Lieutenant. 
Samuel Morrow, Surgeon. 
James Armstrong, Chaplain. 
Thomas Mason, Captain. 
Samuel McPherson, do. 
Henry Baldwin, Lieutenant. 
James Broceo, do. 

J. Hamilton, Captain. 
William Campbell, do. 
George Hamilton, do. 
John L. Elbert, Surgeon, 
N. Ricketts, Lieutenant 
David Hopkins, Captain, 
Basil Burgess, Lieutenant. 
Thomas Price, do. 
James Smith, Captain, 
Jonathan Morria. 
Edward Hall, Lieutenant. 
Isaac Eawlings, do. 
Edward OJdham, Captain, 
William Reily, do. 

John Kilty, do. 

John Jordan, do. 

Perry Benson, do, 

Lloyd Beall, do. 

Abraham Lamar, do, 
Michael Boyer, do. 

John J. Jacobs, Lieutenant. 
Edward Dyer, Captain. 
Philip Reed, do. 
Samuel Hanson, Lieutenant. 
Arthur Harris, do. 

Samuel B. Beall, do. 
Edward Spurrier, Captain. 
James Peale, do. 

J. Brevitt, Lieutenant. 

William Pendergast, do. 
Thomas Rouse, do. 

William Kilty, Surgeon. 



Francis Revelly, Captain. 
Thomas Bealty, Lieutenant. 
Mark MePherson, do. 
Henry Gaither, Captain. 
John Sears, Lieutenant. 
Christopher Richmond, Captain. 
Edward Compton, Lieutenant. 
Jno. H. Stone, Colonel. 
Samuel F. Keene, Surgeon s Mate. 
John Sprigg Belt, Captain. 
Samuel Smith, Lieutenant-colonel. 
John Gunby, Colonel. 
James Craike, Physician. 
John Hughes, Captain. 
Benjamin Price, do, 
James Bruff, do. 

William Bruce, 4o. 
Elisha Harrison, Surgeons Mate. 
A. Tannehill, Captain. 
J. D. Carey, Lieutenant. 
James Mann, Surgeon. 
John Gassaway. Captain. 
Thomas A. Dyson, Lieutenant. 
Henry Clements, do, 

Samuel Edrniston, do. 
John T. Lowe, do. 

William Smoote, do, 

Elihu Hall, do. 

Malachi Bonham, do. 
Hezekiah Ford, do. 

Gerard Wood, Surgeon s Mate. 
Henry H. Chapman, Lieutenant. 
Isaac Hanson, do. 

Benjamin Fickle, do. 

R. Anderson, Captain. 
John Smith, do. 

James W. Gray, do, 
John Mitchell, do. 
Nathan Wright, Lieutenant. 
William Goldsborough, do, 
Walter Muse, Captain. 
James Baques, Lieutenant. 
Clement Skerrett, do. 
Henry Gassaway, do. 

Bobert Gerry, do. 

Edward Pratt, Captain. 



488 



ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA. 



Horatio Clagett, Captain. 
John Swan, Major. 
James M. Lingan, Captain. 
Eezin Davis, do. 

James McFadon, Lieutenant. 
Mountjoy Bailey, Captain. 
Paul Bentalou, do. 

John Carlisle, Major. 
E. McAllister, Captain. 
John Gale, Major. 
Eichard Waters, Captain. 
Moses Eawlings, Colonel. 
George Handy, Captain. 
John Trueman, Lieutenant. 
Gassaway Watkins, Captain. 
Joseph Smith, do. 

Levin Denwood, Surgeon. 
Alexander Trueman, Captain. 
Joseph Cross, Lieutenant. 
John Smith, Captain. 
James Somerville, do. 
Eobert Denny, Lieutenant. 
James G. Heron, Captain. 
Daniel Jennifer, Surgeon. 



John E. Howard, Colonel. 

J. C. Hall, do. 

E. Pindell, Surgeon. 

J. Sellman, Major. 

Tench Tilghman, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Levin Winder, do. 

Walter Warfield, Surgeon. 

Thomas Woolford, Lieut. Col. 

Benjamin Brooks, Major. 

Thomas Lansdale, do. 

L. W. Williams, Captain. 

James Ewing, do. 

Eichard Chiderson, do. 

James Winchester, do. 

Samuel T. Wright, do. 

G. Winchester, Lieutenant. 

D. Luckett, do. 

Osborn Williams, do. 

John Lynn, do. 

Joshua Eutledge, do. 

Philip Hill, do, 

P. Fitzhugh, Captain. 

Nathan Wright, Lieutenant. 

John Lynch, Major. 



ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA 

KELATING TO BOUNTY LANDS, HALF-PAY AND COMMUTATION, AND 
TO THE ASSUMPTION OF THE PAYMENT OF THE HALF-PAY CLAIMS 
OF VIRGINIA BY THE GENERAL GOVERNMENT, PER ACT OF CON 
GRESS, APPROVED JULY 5, 1832. 

CONGRESS, by acts of the 16th and 18th of September, 1776, 
and others subsequent thereto, stipulated grants of laud to the offi 
cers and soldiers of the Continental army, and to certain officers of 
the medical department. At that period, Congress had no land at 
its disposal, for all of it belonged to the States ; and it would have 
been compelled to purchase lands to make good its contracts, had 
it not been for the liberality of the States. 



ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA. 489 

IN CONGRESS, September 13, 1783. 

The committee, consisting of Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Ellsworth, x Mr. 
Bedford, Mr. Gorham, and Mr. Madison, to whom was referpe d the 
act of the Legislature of Virginia, of the 2d of January, J tSl, and 
the report thereon, report that they have considered the several 
matters referred to them, and observe that the Legislature of Vir 
ginia, by the act of the 2d of January, 1781, resolved that they 
would yield to the Congress of the United States for the" benefit of 
the said States, all right, title, and claim which the said common 
wealth hath to the lands northwest of the river Ohio, upon the fol 
lowing conditions, viz. : 

1. That the territory so ceded should be laid out and formed 
into States, containing a suitable extent of territory, not less than 
one hundred nor more than one hundred and fifty miles square, or 
as near thereto as circumstances will admit ; and that the States so 
formed should be distinct republican States, and admitted members 
of the federal Union, having the same rights of sovereignty, free 
dom, and independence as the other States. 

2. That Virginia should be allowed and fully reimbursed by the 
United States her actual expenses in reducing the British posts at 
the Kaskaskias, at St. Vincent s, the expenses of maintaining gar 
risons, and supporting civil government there since the reduction 
of the said posts, and, in general, all the charges she has incurred 
on account of the country on the northwest side of the Ohio River 
since the commencement of the present war. 

3. That the French and Canadian inhabitants, and other settlers 
of the Kaskaskias, St. Vincent s, and the neighboring villages, who 

^have professed themselves citizens of Virginia, should have their 

possessions and titles confirmed to them, and should be protected in 

the enjoyment of their rights and liberties; for which purpose 

, troops should be stationed there, at the charge of the United States, 

-.to protect them from the encroachments of the British forces at 

Detroit or elsewhere, unless the events of the war should render it 

impracticable. 

4. As Colonel George Rogers Clarke planned and executed the 

21*- 



490 ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA. 

secret expedition by which the British posts were reduced, and was 
promised, if the enterprise succeeded, a liberal gratuity in lands in 
that country, for the officers and soldiers who first marched thither 
with him; that a quantity of land, not exceeding 150,000 acres, 
should be allowed and granted to said officers and soldiers, and the 
other officers and soldiers that have since been incorporated into 
the said regiment, to be laid off in one tract, the length of which 
not to exceed double the breadth, in such place on the northwest 
side of the Ohio River as the majority of the officers should choose, 
and to be afterwards divided among the said officers and soldiers, 
in due proportion, according to the laws of Virginia. 

5. That in case the quantity of good lands on the southeast side 
of the Ohio, upon the waters of the Cumberland River, and be 
tween the Green River and Tennessee River, which have been re 
served by law for the Virginia troops upon Continental establish 
ment, should, from the North Carolina line bearing in further upon 
the Cumberland lands than was expected, prove insufficient for their 
legal bounties, the deficiency should be made up to the said troops 
in good lands, to be laid off between the rivers Scioto and Little 
Miami, on the northwest side of the Ohio, in such proportions as 
have been engaged to them by the laws of Virginia. 

6. That all the lands within the territory so ceded to the United 
States, and not reserved for, or appropriated to, any of the before- 
mentioned purposes, or disposed of in bounties to the officers and 
soldiers of the American army, should be considered as a common 
fund for the use and benefit of such of the United American States 
as have become, or shall become, members of the confederation or 
federal alliance of the said States, Virginia inclusive, according to 
their usual respective proportions in the general charge and ex 
penditure, and should be faithfully and bona fide disposed of for 
that purpose, and for no other use or purpose whatever. 

7. And therefore, that all purchases and deeds from any Indian 
or Indians, or from any Indian nation or nations, for any lands within 
any part of the said territory which have been, or should be, made 
for the use or benefit of any private person or persons whatsoever, 
and royal grants within the ceded territory, inconsistent with the 



ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA. 491 

% 

chartered rights, laws, and customs of Virginia, should be deemed 
and declared absolutely void, and of no effect, in the same manner 
as if the said territory had still remained subject to, and part of, 
the Commonwealth of Virginia. 

8. That all the remaining territory of Virginia, included between 
the Atlantic Ocean and the southeast side of the river Ohio, and 
the Maryland, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina boundaries, should 
be guarantied to the Commonwealth of Virginia by the said United 
States. 

Whereupon your committee are of opinion, that the first con 
dition is provided for by the act of Congress of the 10th of October, 
1*780. 

That in order to comply with the second condition, so far as has 
been heretofore provided for by the act of October 10, 1780, it is 
agreed that one commissioner should be appointed by Congress, one 
by the State of Virginia, and another by those two commissioners ; 
who, or a majority of whom, should be authorized and empowered 
to adjust and liquidate the account of the necessary and reasonable 
expenses incurred by the said State, which they may judge to be 
comprised within the true intent and meaning of the said recited 
act. 

With respect to the third condition, the committee are of opinion 
that the settlers therein described should have their possessions and 
titles confirmed to them, and be protected in the enjoyment of their 
rights and liberties. 

Your committee are further of opinion that the fourth, fifth, and 
sixth conditions, being reasonable, should be agreed to by Congress. 

With respect to the seventh condition, your committee are of 
opinion that it would be proper for Congress to declare the pur 
chases and grants therein mentioned, absolutely void and of no effect ; 
and that the sixth condition, engaging how the lands beyond the 
Ohio shall be disposed of, is sufficient on this point. 

As to the last condition, your committee are of opinion that Con 
gress cannot agree to guarantee to the Commonwealth of Virginia 
the land described in the said condition, without entering into a 
discussion of the right of the State of Virginia to the said land ; 



492 VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 

and that, by the acts of Congress, it appears to have been their in 
tention to avoid all discussion of the. territorial rights of individual 
States, and only to recommend and accept a cession of their claims, 
whatsoever they might be, to vacant territory. Your committee 
conceive this condition of a guarantee to be either unnecessary or 
unreasonable ; inasmuch as, if the land above mentioned is really 
the property of the State of Virginia, it is sufficiently secured by 
the confederation ; and if it is not the property of that State, there 
is no reason or consideration for such guarantee. 

Your committee, therefore, upon the whole, recommend, that if 
the Legislature of Virginia make a session conformable to this re 
port, Congress accept such cession. 

The Legislature of Virginia did, at their session commenced Oc 
tober 20, 1783, cede to the United States the said territory, on the 
principles recited in the aforesaid act of September 13, 1783. 

VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 

Virginia, holding immense tracts of unappropriated land, very 
soon adopted the idea suggested by Congress, of granting land 
bounties to her officers and soldiers, both in the State and Conti 
nental establishments ; and having it more in her power, she was 
more liberal than Congress in those grants. 

By act of May, 1779, chapter 6, concerning officers, soldiers, sail 
ors, and marines, a bounty of one hundred acres is allowed to each 
private at the end of the war ; and to the officers, the like quan 
tity as is allowed to officers of the same rank in the Virginia regi 
ments on Continental establishment. By the same law, two hun 
dred acres are given to each volunteer soldier who served under 
Colonel George Rogers Clarke, until the reduction of the posts in 
the Illinois country, and to each soldier who should re-enlist for 
the protection of the Illinois country, one hundred acres, and the 
like quantity to each trooper of cavalry who should enlist for the 
war, for the defence of the eastern frontier. 

A quantity of land not exceeding 150,000 acres, was reserved to 
satisfy the officers and soldiers under Col. George Rogers Clarke, 
in the cession of the northwestern territory to the United States. 



VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 493 

The act of May, 1779, chapter 13, prescribes the evidence on 
which warrants for land buunties shall issue, and by the same 
chapter, a tract of country, bounded by the Green River, the Cum 
berland Mountains, the North Carolina Line, the Tennessee River, 
and the Ohio River, was reserved for the officers and soldiers. A 
considerable part of this territory having fallen into North Caro 
lina, by the extension of the boundary line between that State and 
Virginia, a further tract of land, included within the rivers Missis 
sippi, Ohio, and Tennessee, and the Carolina boundary line, was 
substituted by the act of November, 1781, chap. 19, in lieu of that 
so fallen into North Carolina. By the same act, section 9, a provi 
sion is made for surveying their lands ; section 12 declares that the 
bounties in lands given to the officers in the Virginia line in Con 
tinental service, and the regulations for surveying, shall be extended 
to the State officers; section 13 gives the cavalry the same advan 
tages as the infantry ; and section 14 entitles the officers and sea 
men of the navy to the same advantages as those in the land service. 

But the act of October, 1782, is more explicit as to the navy, and 
declares that the " officers, seamen, and marines, and their repre 
sentatives, shall be entitled to the same bounty in lands and other 
emoluments as the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line on 
Continental establishment." 

ACT OCTOBER, 1779, CHAPTER 9. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, That every person act 
ing as chaplain, surgeon, or surgeon s mate, to any regiment or 
brigade of officers and soldiers raised in this Commonwealth, and 
upon Continental establishment, and who hath or shall hereafter 
serve in that office the space of three years, or during the war, shall 
be entitled to and have the like quantity of lands as is by law al 
lowed to commissioned officers receiving the same pay and rations. 

Chapter 21 of the act of October, 1779, fixes the quantity of 
land referred to in chap. 9, as follows : 

Be it enacted, That the officers who shall serve in the Virginia 
Line on Continental establishment, or in the army or navy on State 
establishment, to the end of the present ivar, and the non-commis- 



494 VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 

sioned officers, soldiers, and sailors, upon either of the said estab 
lishments, their heirs or legal representatives, shall respectively be 
entitled to and receive the proportion and quantities ol land fol 
lowing : that is to say, every Colonel, 5000 acres ; every Lieuten 
ant-colonel, 4500 acres ; every Major, 4000 acres ; every Captain, 
3000 acres ; every subaltern, 2000 acres ; every non-commissioned 
officer, who, having enlisted for the war, shall have served to the 
end thereof, 400 acres ; and every soldier and sailor, under the like 
circumstances, 200 acres; every non-commissioned officer, who, hav 
ing enlisted for the term of three years, shall have served out the 
same, or to the end of the present wa r, 200 acres ; and every sol- 
dier and sailor, under the like circumstances, 100 acres ; every 
officer of the navy, the same quantity of land as an officer of equal 
rank in the army. And where any officer, soldier, or sailor, shall 
have fallen or died in the service, his heirs or legal representatives 
shall be entitled to and receive the same quantity of land as would 
have been due to such officer, soldier, or sailor respectively, had 
he been Hying. 

ACT OCTOBER, 1780, CHAPTER 3. 

And each recruit, and also all our soldiers, now in service, that 
have already enlisted, or may hereafter enlist, by the first day of 
April next, to serve during the war, and who shall continue to serve 
faithfully to the end thereof, shall then receive a healthy sound negro, 
between the ages of ten and thirty years, or sixty pounds in gold or 
silver, at the option of the soldier, in lieu thereof, to be paid for or 
procured by equal assessment on property ; and, moreover, be en- 
entitled to 300 acres of land, in lieu of all such bounties given by 
any former laws. 

OCTOBER, 1780, CHAPTER 27. 

Be it enacted, That there shall be allowed to a Major-general 
15,000 acres of land, and to a Brigadier-general, 10,000 acres of 
land, to be reserved to them and their heirs, in the same manner 
and on the same conditions, as is by law heretofore directed for 
the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line in Continental ser- 



VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 495 

vice ; and there shall be, moreover, allowed to all the officers of 
this State, on Continental or State establishments, or to the legal 
representatives of such officers, according to their respective ranks, 
an additional bounty in lands, in the proportion of one-third of any 
former lounty heretofore granted them. 

And be it further enacted, That the legal representatives of any 
officer on Continental or State establishments, who may have died 
in the service before the bounty of lands granted by this or any 
former law, shall be entitled to demand and receive the same, in 
like manner as the officer himself might have done when living, 
agreeable to his rank. 

ACT MAY, 1782, CHAPTER 47. 

And be it further enacted, That any officer or soldier who hath 
not been cashiered or superseded, and who hath served the term of 
three years successively, shall have an absolute and unconditional 
title to his respective apportionment of the land appropriated as 
aforesaid ; and for every year which every such officer or soldier 
may have continued, or shall hereafter continue in service, beyond 
the term of six years, to be computed from the time he last went 
into service, he shall be entitled to one-sixth part in addition to the 
quantity of land appropriated to his rank respectively. 

ACT OCTOBER, 1782, CHAPTER 35. 

And that all officers, seamen, and marines, or their representa 
tives, shall be entitled to the same bounty in lands and other emol 
uments as the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line on Conti 
nental establishment. 

ACT OCTOBER, 1783, CHAPTER 4. 

And be it further enacted, That the surveys under the direction 
of the superintendents, and the claimants having a right to survey 
from the priority of their numbers, shall proceed in the first place 
to survey all the good lands, to be judged of by the superintendents, 
in that tract of country lying on the Cumberland and Tennessee 
rivers, as set apart by law for the said officers and soldiers, and then 
proceed in like manner to survey on the northwest side of the Ohio 



496 VIRGINIA. BOUNTY LANDS. 

River, between the rivers Scioto and Little Miami, until the defi 
ciency of all military bounties in lands shall be fully and amply 
made up. 

ACT OCTOBER, 1784, CHAPTER 16. 

Be it enacted, That the Governor, with the advice of the Council, 
shall be, and he is hereby, authorized and empowered to suspend, 
for such time as he may think the tranquillity of the government 
may require, the surveying or taking possession of those lands that 
lie on the northwest side of the river Ohio, or below the mouth of 
the river Tennessee. 

In consequence of this last act the Governor of Virginia issued 
two proclamations, suspending surveys, the latter of which is as 
follows : 

PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas, in pursuance of the act of the General Assembly en 
titled " An act authorizing the Governor, with the advice of the 
Council, to suspend, when necessary, the surveying of certain lands 
in the western country," his Excellency the Governor, with the ad 
vice of the Council of State, on the 6th day of January, in the year 
of our Lord 1785, did suspend the taking possession and surveying 
of any lands on the northwest side of the Ohio, or below the mouth 
of the river Tennessee, until authority for that purpose should here 
after be given, it appearing that the tranquillity of the government 
did at that time require such suspension ; but whereas the United 
States in Congress assembled, on the 9th day of May, in the year of 
our Lord 1786, did resolve "that the surveyors, appointed pursuant 
to the ordinance for ascertaining the mode of disposing of lands in 
the western territory, should proceed in the execution thereof, with 
in the east and west lines therein mentioned," and the superintend 
ents of the surveys to be made on the lands allotted to the Virginia 
Line on Continental establishment, have requested that so much of 
the said proclamation as relates to the lands on the northwest side 
of the Ohio, should be annulled, and I have therefore thought fit, 
with the advice of the Council of State, hereby to annul so much 
of the said proclamation as relates to the lands on the northwest 
side of the Ohio. EDMUND RANDOLPH. 



VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 49 7 

In the year 1784, the superintendent appointed by the deputa 
tion of officers, proceeded to Kentucky for the purpose of laying 
off and surveying the lauds in the military districts of the Kentucky 
reserve, but found them in the possession of the Indians, and claimed 
by them. The settlers in the country earnestly represented to the 
Legislature of Virginia, that, if the surveys were persisted in, the 
infant and defenceless settlements in Kentucky would be involved 
in all the horrors and calamities of an Indian war. Accordingly, 
at the October session of 1784, the Legislature authorized the Gov 
ernor of Virginia to suspend, for such time as he may think the 
tranquillity of the government may require, the surveying or taking 
possession of those lands which lie on the northwest side of the 
Ohio River, or below the mouth of the Tennessee River, and which 
have been reserved for the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line, 
and the Illinois Regiment. In pursuance of this authority, the 
Governor of Virginia, on the 6th of January, 1785, issued his pro 
clamation suspending the surveys. Thus Virginia, by her own act. 
put it out of the power of her officers and soldiers, after the 6th of 
January, 1785, to locate their warrants. This inhibition by the 
State authority continued until the 10th of January, 1786, when 
the prohibition was continued by the act of the General Govern 
ment. 

At that date, the treaty of Hopewell was concluded between the 
United States and the Chickasaw Indians, guaranteeing to the In 
dians, as part of their habitation and hunting-ground, all the lands 
below the Tennessee River, and providing that if any citizen of the 
United States, or any person not being an Indian, shall attempt to 
settle in any of the lands thereby allotted to the Chickasaws to live 
and to hunt on, such person shall forfeit the protection of the Uni 
ted States of America, and the Chickasaws may punish him or not, 
as they please. 

The treaty of Hopewell remained in force until 1818, when the 
Indian title was extinguished. After that period Kentucky would 
not permit the location of military warrants to be made. 

"From 1792 to 1800, that portion of Kentucky," says the Aud 
itor of that State, " east of the high lands between the Tennessee 



498 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



and the Cumberland rivers, and reserved for the officers and soldiers 
of the Virginia State and Continental Lines, was not held in much 
estimation by the early land speculators and settlers, owing to the 
fact of the fear of Indian hostility, and likewise a belief that all the 
good lands on the rivers and creeks had been appropriated by the 
military claims, and the remainder thereof was poor and barren. 
Kentucky valued them thus: In 1795, at $30 per 100 acres; in 
1796, at $40 per 100 acres; and in 1800, at $20 per 100 acres. 

Owing to all these difficulties, military warrants in vast numbers 
have remained unlocated, and Congress at different times have ap 
propriated vast quantities of western lands to satisfy the demand, 
but so enormous has been the quantity required, that up to 1844 
650,000 acres of warrants still remained unsatisfied and unlocated. 



A LIST OF OFFICERS FOR WHOSE REVOLUTIONARY SERVICES VIR 
GINIA MILITARY LAND WARRANTS WERE ISSUED PRIOR TO DE 
CEMBER 31, 1784. 

Generals. 



George Rogers Clarke, 
Horatio Gates, 
Robert Lawson, 
Hugh Mercer, 
Daniel Morgan, 



George Baylor, 
Theodoric Bland, 
William Brent, 
Abraham Buford, 
Kichard Campbell, 
William Crawford, 
William Davis, 
Christian Febiger, 
William Finnic, 
Thomas Fleming, 
Nathaniel Gist, 
William Russell, 
Gregory Smith, 
Hugh Stephenson, 



Colonels. 



Peter Muhlenberg, 
Charles Scott, 
Baron Steuben, 
George Weedon, 
William Woodford. 



John Gibson, 
John Green, 
William Grayson, 
Charles Harrison, 
William Heth, 
Thomas Marshall, 
George Mathews, 
Alexander McClenahan, 
George Muter, 
John Nevill, 
Isaac Reed, 
Oliver Towles, 
James Wood. 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



499 



Lieu tenan t-colonels. 



John Allison, 
Richard E. Anderson, 
Robert Ballard, 
Otway Bird, 
Samuel J. Cabell, 
Edward Carrington, 
Jonathan Clark, 
Nathaniel Cocke, 
Joseph Crocket, 
John Cropper, 
Charles Dabney, 
William Darke, 
Elias Edmunds, 
Charles Flemming, 
Thomas Gaskins, 
Samuel Hawes, 
Samuel Hopkins, 
John Jameson, 
Levin Joines, 



Henry Lee, 
Thomas Mathews, 
Richard K. Meade, 
John Montgomery, 
Presley Nevill, 
William Nelson, 
Charles Porterfield, 
Levin Powell, 
Thomas Posey, 
Holt Richardson, 
Charles Simms, 
William B. Taliaferro, 
Richard Taylor, 
Benjamin Temple, 
Gustavus B. Wallace, 
Frederick Warnock, 
William Washington, 
John Webb. 



Other Officers. 



Alexander, George, 


Banks, James, 


Allen, David, 


Baytop, James, 


Allen, Edward, 


Baytop, John, 


Allen, John, 


Ballard, William, 


Anderson, John, 


Baytop, Thomas, 


Anderson, Robert, 


Baylis, William, 


Archer, Joseph, 


Baylis, Henry, 


Archer, Peter F., 


Barnett, William, 


Armistead, Thomas, 


Barnett, Chiswell, 


Armistead, William, 


Barksdale, John, 


Ashby, Stephen, 


Ball, Daniel, 


Ashby, Benjamin, 


Bailey, John, 




Baldwin, Cornelius, 


Ballard, William, 


Bentley, William, 


Barbee, Thomas, 


Beale, Robert, 


Balmain, Alexander, 


Bedinger, Henry, 


Baylor, Walker, 


Bell, Thomas, 


Baskerville, Samuel, 


Bernard, William, 


Barron, James, 


Bennett, William, 


Ball, Burgess, 


Beck, John, 


Baynham, John, 


Beale, Robert, 


Barbour, James, 


Berry, George, 


Bowyer, Thomas, 


Bilfield, John, 


Bowyer, Michael, 


Bell, Henry, 



500 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



Biggs, Benjamin, 
Blackwell, Joseph, 
Blackwell, John, 
Blackwell, Samuel, 
Blackmore, George, 
Blanden, Seth, 
Blair, John, 
Browne, Thomas, 
Booker, Samuel, 
Booker, Lewis, 
Bohannan, Ambrose, 
Bowyer, Henry, 
Boush, Charles, 
Bowen, John, 
Boswell, Meacham, 
Brodie, Ludwick, 
Browne, Windsor, 
Brookes, Walker, 
Bradford, Samuel K., 
Breckinridge, Alexander, 
Brown, Jacob, 
Brownlee, William, 
Brown, William, 
Brown, John, 
Brittain, John, 
Breckinridge, Robert,, 
Bruin, Peter B., 
Brooke, Edmund, 
Brooke, Francis, 
Brooke, John, 
Brown, Robert, 
Broadus, James, 
Broadus, William, 
Bradley, James, 
Brashier, Richard, 
Bradley, Christopher, 
Butler, Lawrence, 
Burton, Hutchins, 
Burfort, Thomas, 
Bucker, Thomas, 
Butler, Samuel, 
Bullock, Rice, 
Burwell, Nathaniel, 

Christie, Thomas, 
Campbell, William, 



Campbell, Samuel, 
Campbell, Archibald, 
Carrington, Mayo, 
Carrington, George, 
Carrington, Clement, 
Callender, Eleazer, 
Carter, John C., 
Calmes, Marquis, 
Cannon, Luke, 
Casey, Benjamin, 
Carney, Martin, 
Carey, Samuel, 
Catlett, Thomas, 
Carnes, Patrick, 
Call, Richard, 
Calvert, Joseph, 
Chamberlayne, George, 
Chapman, John, 
Chilton, John, 
Cherry, William, 
Chaplin, Abraham, 
Clay, Matthew, 
Clements, Mace, 
Clayton, Philip, 
Clay, Thomas, 
Clark, Richard, 
Clark, William, 
Clark, Edmund, 
Clark, John, 
Claiborne, Richard, 
Cleverius, James, 
Coleman, Samuel, 
Coleman, Jacob, 
Coleman, Whitehead, 
Coleman, John, 
Coleman, Richard, 
Coleman, Wyatt, 
Cowherd, Francis, 
Cowne, Robert, 
Coverley, Thomas, 
Cotterill, William, 
Conway, Joseph, 
Coke, Calvin, 
Coke, Pleasant, 
Cooper, Leonard, 
Croghan, William, 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



501 



Craddock, Eobert, 
Crawford, John, 
Crump, Abner, 
Crittenden, John, 
Crame, James, 
Craig, James, 
Crute, John, 
Cunningham, William, 
Cubberton, James, 
Curry, James, 

Dandridge, John, 
Dandridge, Robert, 
Dandridge, Alexander, 
Davis, Joseph, 
Dawson, Henry, 
Darby, Nathaniel, 
Dade, Francis, 
Davenport, Opie, 
Dedham, Archibald, 
Delaplane, James, 
Dix, Thomas, 
Digges, Dudley, 
Dickerson, Edmonds, 
Dixon, Anthony F., 
Dick, Alexander, 
Dicklawman, Christopher, 
Dobson, Robert, 
Drew, Thorns H., 
Drew, John, 
Draper, George, 
Dudley, Henry, 
Dudley, Robert, 
Duff, Edward, 
Durall, Daniel, 
Dye, Jonathan, 

Easton, Philip, 
Easton, Richard, 
Edmonds, Thomas, 
Eddins, Samuel, 
Edwards, Leroy, 
Edmonson, Benjamin, 
Eggleston, Joseph, 
Eggleston, William, 
Eppes, William, 



Erskine, Charles, 
Eppes, William, 
Eskridge, William, 
Eustace, John (1), 
Eustace, John (2), 
Evans, George, 
Evans, William, 
Ewell, Charles, 
Ewell, Thomas, 
Ewing, Alexander, 

Fontleroy, Henry, 
Fontleroy, Griffin, 
Finn, Thomas, 
Findley, Samuel, 
Ferguson, Robert, 
Fields, Reuben, 
Fitzgerald, John (1), 
Fitzgerald, John (2), 
Fitzhugh, William, 
Fitzhugh, Perigrine, 
Fleet, John, 
Fleet, Henry, 
Flemming, John, 
Fowler, William, 
Fox, Thomas, 
Fox, Nathaniel, 
Foster, James, 
Foster, Robert, 
Foster, John, 
Frazey, Falvy, 

Gault, Patrick, 
Gault, John M., 
Gaines, William F., 
Garland, Peter, 
Gamble, Robert, 
George, William, 
Gerault, John, 
George, Robert, 
Gibson, John, jun., 
Gilchrist, George, 
Gill, Samuel, 
Gibbs, Churchill, 
Gillison, John, 
Giles, John, 



502 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



Glascock, Thomas, 
Gordon, Arthur, 
Gordon, Ambrose, 
Goodwin, Dinwiddie, 
Green, John, 
Green, Kobert, 
Green, Samuel B., 
Green, Gabriel, 
Graves, William, 
Gray, Godfrey, 
Gray, William, 
Griffith, David (1), 
Graham, Walter, 
Gratton, John, 
Gray, Francis, 
Gray, James, 
Gray, George, 
Griffith, David (2), 
Greer, Charles, 
Guthrie, George, 

Hardiman, John, 
Hayes, John, 
Harrison, John P., 
Harrison, John, 
Harrison, Valentine, 
Harrison, Charles, 
Harrison, James, 
Harrison, Richard, 
Harrison, William R., 
Harper, James, 
Hackley, John, 
Hamilton, James, 
Hays, Thomas, 
Harcum, Ehodam, 
Harris, John (1), 
Harris, Jordan, 
Harris, John (2), 
Haney, Holland, 
Hawkins, John, 
Hawkins, Moses, 
Harvie, John, 
Heth, John, 
Heth, Henry, 
Healy, Martin, 
Henderson, David, 



Herbert, Thomas, 
Hill, Thomas, 
Hill, Bailor, 
Kite, George, 
Hite, Abraham, 
Hite, Isaac, 
Higgins, Peter, 
Higgins, Robert, 
Holmes, Benjamin, 
Hoomes, Thomas C. 5 
Hoomes, David, 
Hoomes, Isaac, 
Holt, John H., 
Holt, Thomas, 
Holt, James, 
Hourd, Thomas, 
Hoffler, William, 
Holdcombe, John, 
Hockaday, Philip, 
Holland, George, 
Howell, Vincent, 
Hogg, Samuel, 
Holmer, Christian, 
Hughes, Pratt, 
Hughes, John, 
Hughes, Jasper, 
Hughes, Henry, 
Hudson, John, 
Humphreys, John, 
Hurt, John, 
Huffman, Philip, 

Inniss, James, 

James, Michael, 
Jennings, John, 
Jones, Samuel, 
Jones, Strother, 
Jones, Lewis (1), 
Jones, Lewis (2), 
Jones, Charles, 
Jones, Peter, 
Jones, Albrighton, 
Jones, Churchill, 
Jones, Cadwalader, 
Jouett, Matthew, 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



503 



Jouett, Robert, 
Johnson, Gideon, 
Johnson, William, 
Johnson, John B., 
Johnson, William, 
Johnson, Peter, 
Joliffe, John, 
Jordan, John, 
Jones, Gabriel, 

Kays, Kobert, 
Kautsman, John, 
Kenedy, James, 
Kernp, Peter, 
Kemp, James, 
Kelly, Thaddy, 
Kerny, John, 
Kinley, Benjamin, 
Kennon, John, 
Keith, Isham, 
Keller, Abraham, 
Kendall, Custis, 
Kirk, Robert, 
King, Elisha, 
King, Miles, 
Kirkpatrick, Abraham, 
Knight, John, 
Knox, James, 

Lapsley, Samuel, 
Lapsley, John, 
Lawson, Benjamin, 
Langham, Elias, 
Larty, John, 
Lawson, Claiborne, 
Lewis, William, 
Lewis, George, 
Lewis, Addison, 
Lewis, Stephen, 
Lewis, Andrew, 
Lee, John, 
Lee, John, 

Lee, Phil. Francis F. y 
Leigh, John, 
Leiteh, Andrew, 
Lipscomb, Bernard, 



Lipscomb, Reuben, 
Lindsey, William, 
Lightburn, Richard, 
Livingston, Justice, 
Linton, John, 
Lilley, Thomas, 
Lipscorab, Yancey, 
Lovely, William L., 
Long, William, 
Long, Reuben, 
Longworth, Burgess, 
Long, Gabriel, 
Longsford, William, 
Ludiman, William J., 
Lucas, James, 
Lucas, Nathaniel, 
Lynd, Arthur, 

Marks, John, 
Marshall, John, 
Marshall, Thomas, 
Marshall, Humphrey, 
Marshall, James M., 
Mallory, Philip, 
Maury, Abraham, 
Mabin, James, 
Mann, David, 
Marston, John, 
Massey, Thomas, 
Marks, Isaiah, 
Markham, James, 
Martin, Thomas, 
Mazaret, John, 
MagiH, Charles, 
McDowell, John, 
McWilliams, Joshua, 
McMahon, William, 
McClung, James, 
McClung, Walter, 
McGuire, William, 
McAdam, Joseph, 
McCarty, Richard, 
McAdams, John, 
McElhany, John, 
Meriwether, Thomas, 
Meriwether, David, 



504 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



Meriwether, James (1), 
Meriwether, James (2), 
Meriwether, James (3), 
Meade, Everard, 
Mercer, John F., 
Meredith, William, 
Mills, John, 
Miller, David, 
Miller, Jarran, 
Miller, Thomas, 
Miller, William, 
Minnis, Francis, 
Minnis, Holman, 
Minnis, Callowhill, 
Middleton, Bazil, 
Moody, Edward, 
Moody, James, 
Morton, James, 
Mosely, Benjamin (1), 
Mosely, William, 
Mosely, Benjamin (2), 
Moon, Alexander, 
Moore, William, 
Moore, John, 
Moore, Peter, 
Moore, Elson, 
Moss, Henry, 
Morrow, Robert, 
Morton, Hezekiah, 
Morgan, Simeon, 
Morgan, Spencer, 
Montague, Eichard, 
Montgomery, James, 
Moxley, Rhodam, 
Mountjoy, William, 
Muir, Francis, 
Munroe, James, 
Muir, John, 
Murray, Abraham, 
Monroe, George, 

Nelson, John (1), 
Nelson, John (2), 
Nelson, Roger, 
Nixon, Andrew, 
Norvell, Lipscomb, 



Noland, Pierce, 
Nuttall, Iverson, 

Oldham, Conway, 
Oliver, William, 
O Neal, Ferdinand, 
Overton, Thomas, 
Overton, John, 

Payne, Thomas, 
Payne, Tarlton, 
Payne, Joseph, 
Payne, Josiah, 
Parker, Thomas, 
Parker, Richard, 
Parker, Nicholas, 
Parker, William H., 
Parker, Alexander, 
Parker, Josiah, 
Parker, Thomas, 
Parsons, William, 
Patterson, Thomas, 
Payton, Dade, 
Page, Carter, 
Peyton, John, 
Peyton, Valentine, 
Peyton, Henry, 
Peyton, George. 
Peyton, Robert, 
Pendleton, Jame> . 
Pendleton, Nathat " 
Pelham, Charles, 
Pemberton, Thomas, 
Pearson, Thomas, 
Perry, John, 
Pettus, John R., 
Perault, Michael, 
Perkins, Archelaus, 
Philips, Samuel, 
Pierce, William, 
Porterfield, Robert, 
Pointer, William, 
Poulson, John, 
Powell, Robert, 
Powell, Thomas, 
Powell, Peyton, 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



505 



Powell, Francis, 
Powers, Robert, 
Poythress, William, 
Porter, William (1), 
Porter, William (2), 
Pope, Matthew, 
Prior, John, 
Pride, William R., 
Pugh, Willis, 
Purvis, James, 

Quarles, James, 
Quarles, Henry, 
Quarles, Thomas, 
Quarles, Robert, 
Quarles, William P., 
Quarles, John (1), 
Quarles, John (2), 
Quirk, Thomas, 

Ragsdale, Drury, 
Randolph, Robert, 
Rankin, Robert, 
Ransdell, Thomas, 
Read, Nathaniel, 
Read, Edmund, 
Read, Clement, 
Renner, John, 
Reddick, Jason, 
Reddick, Willis, 
Rhea, Matthew, 
Rice, George, 
Rice, Nathaniel, 
Richardson, Walker, 
Ridley, Thomas, 
Rickman, William, 
Robertson, William, 
Robertson, James, 
Robins, John (1), 
Robins, John (2), 
Roberts, John, 
Rose, Robert, 
Robinson, John, 
Roane, Christopher 
Rogers, John, 
Rogers, William. 
22 



Roy, Beverly, 
Rooney, John, 
Russell, John, 
Russell, Albert, 
Russell, Charles, 
Russell, Andrew 
Rust, Benjamin, 
Rucker, Angus, 
Rudder, Epaphroditus, 
Rydman, John, 

Saunders, William, 
Saunders, Joseph, 
Saunders, Celey, 
Savage, Joseph, 
Savage, Nathaniel, 
Sansum, Philip, 
Sayres, Robert, 
Scott, Charles, 
Scott, Walter, 
Scott, Joseph, jr., 
Scott, John (1), 
Scott, John (2), 
Scott, Joseph, sen., 
Sayers, Thomas, 
Settle, Strother, 
Seldon, Samuel, 
Shepherd, Abraham, 
Shearman, Martin, 
Skelton, Clough, 
Shield, John, 
Shackelford, William, 
Singleton, Joseph, 
Singleton, Anthony, 
Skinner, Alexander, 
Slaughter, John, 
Slaughter, Philip, 
Slaughter, William, 
Slaughter, Lawrence, 
Slaughter, George, 
Slaughter, Augustine, 
Smith, Obadiah, 
Smith, Willium, 
Smith, Granville, 
Smith, Nathan, 
Smith, Francis, 



506 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



Smith, Gregory, 


Taylor, William, 


Smith, Jonathan, 


Taylor, Thornton, 


Smith, William S., 


Tatem, Zechariah, 


Smith, Ballard, 


Taimehill, Josiah, 


Smith, Larkin, 


Terry, Nathaniel, 


Smart, Richard, 


Thompson, William, 


Snead, Smith, 


Thompson, George, 


Southall, Stephen, 


Thornton, Presley, 


Spottswood, John, 


Thomas, Lewis, 


Spencer, William, 


Throckmorton, Albion, 


Spencer, John, 


Thweatt, Thomas, 


Spiller, William, 


Tebbs, Thomas, 


Springer, Jacob, 


Tinsley, Samuel, 


Springer, Uriah, 


Tompkins, Robert, 


Stith, John (1), 


Tompkins, Henry, 


Stith, John (2), 


Tompkins, Christopher, 


Stephenson, David, 


Tompkins, Daniel R., 


Steele, John, 


Townes, John, 


Steele,. William, 


Todd, Robert, 


Stokely, Charles, 


Trant, Lawrence, 


Steed, John, 


Tresvant, John,- 


Stribling, Sigesmund, 


Trabue, John, 


Stribling, Erasmus, 


Travis, Edward, 


Stubblefield, George, 


Triplett, George, 


Stubblefield, Beverly, 


Tutt, Charles, 


Stoakes, John, 


Turner, John, 


Stephens, William, 


Tupman, John, 


Stephens, Edward, 


Tyler, John, 


Stuart, Philip,. 




Starke, William, 
Starke, Eichard, 
Stott, William, 


Upshur, Thomas, 
Upshur, James, 


Summers, Simon, 




Summerson, Gavin, 


Van Metre, Joseph, 


Swoope, John, 


Vance, Robert, 


Swearingen, Joseph, 


Vanse, William, 


Swan, John, 


Vaughan, Claiborne, 




Vaughan, John, 


Tabb, Augustine,. 


Valentine, Edward, 


Taliaferro, Benjamin, 


Valentine, Jacob, 


Taliaferro, Nicholas, 


Vanderwall, Marks, 


Taylor, Benjamin, 


Volluson, Armand r 


Taylor, Richard, 


Vawters, William,. 


Taylor, Reuben, 


Vowles, Charles, 


Taylor, Francis, 


Vowles, Henry, 


Taylor, Isaac, 


Vowles, Walter, 



VIRGINIA HALF-PAY. 



507 



Warraan, Thomas, 
Wallace, William B., 
Wallace, James (1), 
Wallace, James (2), 
Wallace, Adam, 
Wallace, Andrew, 
Walker, Jacob, 
Walker, David, 
Walker, Levin (1), 
Walker, Levin (2), 
Waggoner, Andrew, 
Walters, Eichard C., 
Watts, John, 
Walls, George, 
Washington, George, 
Waddy, Sharpleigh, 
Webh, Nathaniel, 
Webb, Isaac, 
West, Charles, 
White, Eobert, 
White, John (1), 
White, John (2), 
White, Tarpley, 
White, William (1), 
White, Thomas, 
White, William (2), 
White, William (3), 
Whittaker, William, 
Whiting, Henry, 
Whiting, Francis, 



Wilson, Willis (1), 
Wilson, Willis (2), 
Winston, Benjamin, 
Winston, John, 
Winston, William, 
Williams, James, 
Williams, Edward, 
Williams, David, 
Williams, Jarrett, 
Williams, John, 
Willis, John W., 
Willis, Henry, 
Winlock, Joseph, 
Woodson, Frederick, 
Woodson, Hughes, 
Woodson, Tarleton, 
Woodson, Eobert, 
Worsham, John, 
Worsham, Eichard, 
Worsham, William, 
Wright, Wescott, 
Wright, James, 
Wright, Patrick, 
Wyatt, Carey, 



Yarborough, Charles, 
Yancey, Leighton, 
Yancey, Eobert, 
Young, Henry. 



NOTE. After the Eevolution, the greater part of these officers emigrated te 
the military land districts in Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, where their rep 
resentatives now reside. 



VIRGINIA HALF-PAY. 
ACT MAY SESSION, 1779. 

Be it enacted, That all general officers of the army, being citizens 
of this Commonwealth, and all field-officers, captains, and subal 
terns, commanding, or who shall command in the battalions of this 
Commonwealth, on Continental establishment, or serving in the 



508 VIRGINIA HALF-PAY. 

battalions raised for the immediate defence of this State, or for the 
defence of the United States ; and all chaplains, physicians, sur 
geons, and surgeons mates, appointed to the said battalions, or any 
of them, being citizens of this Commonwealth, and not being in the 
service of Georgia or of any other State, provided Congress do not 
make some tantamount provision for them, who shall serve hence 
forward, or from the time of their being commissioned, until the 
end of the war ; and all such officers who have or shall become 
supernumerary on the reduction of any of the said battalions, and 
shall again enter into the said service, if required so to do, in the 
same or any higher rank, and continue therein until the end of the 
war, shall be entitled to half-pay during life, to commence from the 
determination of their command or service. 

ACT NOVEMBER SESSION, 1781. 

Be it enacted, That the officers and seamen of the navy of this 
State, as they stand arranged by a late regulation, shall be entitled 
to the same advantages as the officers belonging to this State in 
the land service, agreeable to their respective ranks. 

The officers of Virginia under those acts prosecuted their claims 
for half-pay to judgment in the courts of the State, and Congress 
assumed the payment of those judgments, &c., by the following 

ACT, APPROVED JULY 5, 1832. 

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the 
proper accounting officers of the Treasury do liquidate and pay the 
accounts of the Commonwealth of Virginia against the United 
States, for payments to the officers commanding in the Virginia 
Line in the war of the Revolution, on account of the half-pay for 
life promised the officers aforesaid by that Commonwealth, the sum 
of one hundred and thirty-nine thousand five hundred and forty- 
three dollars and sixty cents. 

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the 
Treasury be, and he is hereby, required and directed to pay to the 



VIRGINIA HALF-PAY. 509 

State of Virginia the amount of the judgments which have been 
rendered against the said State for and on account of the promise 
contained in an act passed by the General Assembly of the State of 
Virginia, in the month of May, A. D. 1779, and in favor of the offi 
cers, or representatives of the officers, of the regiments and corps 
hereafter recited, and not exceeding in the whole the sum of two 
hundred and forty -one thousand three hundred and forty-five dol 
lars, to wit : 

1. To the officers, or their legal representatives, of the regiment 
commanded by the late Colonel George Gibson, the amount of the 
judgments which they have obtained, and which are now unsat 
isfied. 

2. To the officers, or their legal representatives, of the regiment 
denominated the Second State Regiment, commanded, at times, by 
Colonels Brent and Dabney, the amount of the judgments which 
they have obtained, and which are now unsatisfied. 

3. To the officers, or their legal representatives, of the regiments 
of Colonels Clarke and Crockett, and Captain Rogers troop of cav 
alry, who were employed in the Illinois service, the amount of the 
judgments which they have obtained, and which are now unsatisfied. 

4. To the officers, or their legal representatives, serving in the 
regiment of State Artillery commanded by the late Colonel Marshall, 
and those serving in the State Garrison Regiment commanded by 
Colonel Muter, and those serving in the State Cavalry, commanded 
by Major Nelson, the amount of the judgments which they have 
obtained, and which are now unsatisfied. 

5. To the officers, or their legal representatives, who served in 
the navy of Virginia during the late war of the Revolution, the 
amount of the judgments which they have obtained, and which are 
now unsatisfied. 

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the 
Treasury be, and he is hereby, directed and required to adjust and 
settle those claims for half-pay of the officers of the aforesaid regi 
ments and corps, which have not been paid or prosecuted to judg 
ment against the State of Virginia, and for which said State would 
be bound on the principles of the half-pay cases already decided in 



510 



VIRGINIA HALF-PAY. 



the Supreme Court of Appeals of said State ; which several sums 
of money herein directed to be settled or paid, shall be paid out of 
any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated by law. 

On the 12th of August, 1848, Congress appropriated a further 
sum of $81,273.1*7, for the payment of those Virginia half-pay 
claims, and made it the duty of the agent of the State to first de 
posit authenticated copies of the acts or judgments under which 
the money was paid by the State of Virginia. 

By act of Congress, approved March 3, 1835, the adjustment of 
those claims was transferred from the Secretary of the Treasury to 
the Commissioner of Pensions. 

We will add a few cases showing the large sums paid to the 
heirs or legal representatives of officers entitled to half-pay under 
this act : 



John Allison, Lieutenant-colonel 


$360 per annum .... 


$7,989.04 


William Armistead, Captain of Cavalry. 


300 " 


8,937.53 


Thomas Armistead, Capt. of Artillery. . 


240 " 


4,148.38 


Robert Andrews, Chaplain 


240 " 


7,284.88 


John Archer, Lieutenant, Navy 


182.50 " 


2,153.00 


John Applewhaite, Surgeon, Navy.... 


182.50 " 


9,138.70 


John Allen, Captain of Artillery 


300 " 


6,270.41 




180 " 


7,352.38 


William Broadus, Lieutenant 


160 " 


6,146.08 


Rice Bullock, Lieutenant 


160 " 


7,057.53 


Samuel Butler, Lieutenant of Artillery. 


200 " 


6,360.00 


John Baily, Captain 


240 


10,548.16 


Richard Brashears, Captain 


240 " 


9,697.31 


Machin Boswell, Captain 


240 " 


3,081.86 


Win. Ballard, Lieutenant of Artillery. . 


200 " 


4,646.00 


Samuel Barron, Captain, Navy 


243.33 " 


6,906.40 


James Bradley, Captain of Artillery . . . 


300 " 


1,407.12 


William Brent, Colonel 


450 " 


1,960.27 


Isaac Browning, Lieutenant 


160 " 


6,606.90 


Jatnes Banks, Sailing-master 


152.08 " 


1,880.42 




152.08 " 


2,253.42 


Wm. Bennett, do. 


152.08 " 


2,982.92 


Thomas Bonewell, do. 


152.08 " 


1,680.81 


John Baytop, Lieutenant 


160 " 


2,704.65 


Laban Baily, Sailing-master 


152.08 " 


2,021.20 


Charles S. Bouch, Lieutenant, Navy. . . 


182.50 " 


5,066.00 



EVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 511 

Philip Bartlett, Surgeon $182.50 per annum $4,779.50 

William Booth, Sailing-master 152.08 " 4,549.48 

Kobert Brown, Lieutenant of Artillery... 200 " 6,579.72 

James Barren, Commodore 32,382.50 

Richard Barren, do 11,215.78 

James Banks, do 5,734.12 

John Baily, Captain, Bardstown, Ky 9,480.68 

Gideon Johnson. Quartermaster, Warrenton, Va 4,303.82 

Edward Worthington, Captain, Shelby county, Ky 7,149.50 

Churchill Gibbs, Lieutenant, Madison, Va 7,981.53 

Corbin Griffin, Captain, Williamsburg, Va 10,930.19 

John Cox, Captain, Norfolk, Va 13,715.22 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

PRIOR to the year 1818, Congress passed no pension laws except 
for the relief of those officers and soldiers who were disabled in the 
service ; consequently, all those who were not disabled, and died 
between the close of the Revolutionary war and the year 1818, 
oould receive no pension, for all the pension laws require that the 
soldier shall be living at the date of the passage of the law. 

The pension acts now in force are as follows ; 

ACT MARCH 18, 18 IS. 

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
vf the United States, in Congress assembled, That every commis 
sioned officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, and private sol 
dier, and all officers in the hospital department and medical staff, 
who served in the war of the Revolution to the end thereof, or for 
the term of nine months, or longer, at any period of the war, on the 
Continental establishment, and every commissioned officer, non 
commissioned officer, mariner, or marine, who served at the same 
time, and for a like term, in the naval service of the United States, 
who is yet a resident citizen of the United States, and who is, or 
hereafter, by reason of his reduced circumstances in life, shall be 
in need of assistance from his country for support, and shall have 



512 REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

substantiated his claim to a pension in the manner hereinafter di 
rected, shall receive a pension from the United States : if an officer, 
of twenty dollars per month during life ; if a non-commissioned of 
ficer, musician, manner, marine, or private soldier, of eight dollars 
per month during life : Provided, no person shall be entitled to the 
provisions of this act until he shall have relinquished his claim to 
every pension heretofore allowed him by the laws of the United 
States. 

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That, to entitle any person to 
the provisions of this act, he shall make a declaration, under oath 
or affirmation, before the district judge of the United States of the 
district, or before any judge or court of record of the county, State, 
or territory in which the applicant shall reside, setting forth, if he 
belonged to the army, the company, regiment, and line to which he 
belonged ; the time he entered service, and the time and manner of 
leaving the service ; and, in case he belonged to the navy, a like 
declaration, setting forth the name of the vessel and particular ser 
vice in which he was employed, and the time and manner of leav 
ing the service, and shall offer such other evidence as may be in his 
power ; and on its appearing, to the satisfaction of the said judge, 
that the applicant served in the Revolutionary war as aforesaid, 
against the common enemy, he shall certify and transmit the testi 
mony in the case, and the proceedings had thereon, to the Secretary 
for the Department of War, whose duty it shall be, if satisfied the 
applicant comes under the provisions of this act, to place such offi 
cer, musician, mariner, marine, or soldier, on the pension list of the 
United States, to be paid in the same manner as pensions to inva 
lids who have been placed on the pension list are now paid, and 
under such restrictions and regulations, in all respects, as are pre 
scribed by law. 

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That every pension, by virtue 
of this act, shall commence on the day that the declaration under 
oath or affirmation, prescribed in the foregoing section, shall be 
made. 

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the pas 
sage of this act, no sale, transfer, or mortgage, of the whole, or any 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 513 

part, of the pension in pursuance of this act, shall be valid; and 
any person who shall swear or affirm falsely in the premises, and 
he be thereof convicted, shall suffer as for willful and corrupt 
perjury. 

The above act relates to the Continental army alone, or those 
forces raised by Congress and serving in the regular army of the 
United Colonies, and those serving in the Continental navy. 

Soon after the passage of this act, applications for pensions num 
bering about eight thousand had accumulated, so that on the 1st 
May, 1820, Congress appears to have been alarmed into the pas 
sage of an act to the effect that after March 4, 1820, no person 
shall be entitled to the further benefits of this act " until he shall 
have exhibited to some court of record, in the county, city, or 
borough in which he resides, a schedule, subscribed by him, contain 
ing his whole estate and income." Being poor, yet possessing too 
much of the spirit of 76, to permit their "goods and chattels" to 
be exposed to the gaze of the public, many refused a compliance 
with the provisions of this act ; and others possessed of some estates 
could not affirm that they stood in "need of the assistance of their 
country for a support." Many of those who had been admitted to 
pension prior to the passage of the act of May 1, 1820, made out 
their schedules as required, but in the opinion of the Secretary of 
War a large number of them were not entitled to the " assistance 
of their country for a support," and were consequently dropped 
from the rolls and ceased to be pensioners. 

The provisions of this act of May 1, 1820, as the government af 
terwards discovered, operated strongly on some as an invitation to 
squander their property, so as to bring themselves fairly within the 
provisions of the act of 1818; and for this purpose many were 
known to make over their property to friends or children for mere 
imaginary considerations. 

The knowledge of these facts brought forth from Congress an 
other act, approved March 1, 1823, authorizing the Secretary of 
War " to restore to the list of pensioners the name of any person 
who may have been, or may hereafter be, stricken therefrom, if 

22* 



514 REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

such person has heretofore furnished, or hereafter shall furnish, evi 
dence that he is in such indigent circumstances as to be unable to 
support himself without the assistance of his country, and that he 
has not disposed of, or transferred his property, or any portion 
thereof, with a view to obtain a pension ;" and enacting, " that no 
pension hereafter to be allowed on claims or schedules heretofore 
filed under the act or acts to which this act is a supplement, or un 
der the provisions of this act, shall commence before the passage 
thereof; and all other pensions hereafter to be allowed, under the 
acts aforesaid, shall commence from the time of completing the 
proof." 

After the passage of this act of 1823, and after so many of the 
old soldiers had been "driven off the field" by the act of 1820, and 
allowed a little more time to die, the Secretary of War became 
more liberal in his opinions with respect to the " schedules," and 
large numbers of them were by degrees restored to the rolls 
but not until they were deprived of from three to five years pension 
by Congress legislating in a state of " alarm." 

ACT, APPROVED MAY 15, 1828. 

SEC. 1. Be it enacted *j the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That each 
of the surviving officers of the army of the Revolution, in the Con 
tinental line, who was entitled to half-pay by the resolve of Octo 
ber twenty-first, seventeen hundred and eighty, be authorized to re 
ceive out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, 
the amount of his full pay in said line, according to his rank in the 
line, to begin on the third of March, one thousand eight hundred 
and twenty-six, and to continue during his natural life : Provided, 
That under this act no officer shall be entitled to receive a larger 
sum than the full pay of a captain in said line. 

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That whenever any of said 
officers has received money of the United States, as a pensioner, 
since the third day of March, eighteen hundred and twenty-six, 
aforesaid, the sum so received shall be deducted from what said 
officer would otherwise be entitled to under the first section of this 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 515 

act; and every pension to which said officer is now entitled shall 
cease after the passage of this act. 

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That every surviving non-com 
missioned officer, musician, or private, in said army, who enlisted 
therein for and during the war, and continued in service until its 
termination, and thereby became entitled to receive a reward of 
eighty dollars, under a resolve of Congress, passed May 15, 1778, 
shall be entitled to receive his full monthly pay in said service, out 
of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated ; to begin 
on the third day of March, 1826, and to continue during his natural 
life : Provided, That no non-commissioned officer, musician, or 
private, in said army, who is now on the pension list of the United 
States, shall be entitled to the benefits of this act. 

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the pay allowed by this 
act shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, be 
paid to the officer or soldier entitled thereto, or to their authorized 
attorney, at such places and days as said Secretary may direct ; and 
that no foreign officer shall be entitled to said pay, nor shall any 
officer or soldier receive the same, until he furnish to said Secretary 
satisfactory evidence that he is entitled to the same in conformity 
to the provisions of this act ; and pay allowed by this act shall not, 
in any way, be transferable, or liable to attachment, levy, or seizure, 
by any legal process whatever, but shall inure wholly to the per 
sonal benefit of the officer or soldier entitled to the same by this 
act. 

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That so much of said pay as 
accrued by the provisions of this act, before the third day of March, 
1828, shall be paid to the officers and soldiers entitled to the same, 
as soon as may be, in the manner and under the provisions before 
mentioned ; and the pay which shall accrue after said day shall be 
paid semi-annually, in like manner, and under the same provisions. 

This act was passed without regard to any " property qualifica 
tion," and being founded on the half-pay acts of the Continental 
Congress and the "Gratuity Act" of May 15, 1778, no one could 
claim its provisions, unless he was adjudged to be entitled to "com- 



516 REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

mutation" per act March 22, 1783, or to the gratuity of $80 per 
act May 15, 1778. Though precisely a half century had rolled be 
tween the passage of the acts of May 15, 1778, and May 15, 1828, 
yet several hundreds of the time-worn and old " non-commissioned 
officers, musicians, and privates" came forth to receive the last token 
of their country s regard under the latter act ; many of whom had 
been "dropped" by the "alarm" act of May 1, 1820. 

Invalid pensioners, placed on the rolls by the provisions of former 
acts of Congress, were required to relinquish their pensions before 
they could be entitled under this act, and because the provisions of 
this act were, in a majority of instances, more beneficial to them 
than their pensions, they received its benefits, deducting therefrom 
the amount of their pensions, which had been received by them 
since March 3, 1826. 

But, on the 31st May, 1830, Congress passed an act declaring 
that the 2d section of the act of May 15, 1828, "shall not be con 
strued so as to embrace invalid pensioners ; and that the pension of 
invalid soldiers shall not be deducted from the amount receivable 
by them under the said act." 

But the act of May 31, 1830, was not construed by the Execu 
tive to restore the soldier to his invalid pension from March 3, 1826, 
the time from which it had been deducted, but only from the date 
of the passage of the said act of May 31, 1830 ; so that he was 
allowed to enjoy his two pensions only from the date of this latter 
act ; which circumstance gave rise to numerous applications to 
Congress for a restoration of the invalid pension, which bad been, 
contrary to the spirit of the law, deducted from his full pay be 
tween the periods of March 3, 1826, and May 31, 1830. Congress 
by special acts restored the invalid pension thus deducted in a num 
ber of cases. 

The act of May 31, 1830, related to invalid officers alone, and 
on the 14th of July, 1832, Congress passed an act making the same 
provision for the soldier ; both of which acts were, by the Attorney- 
general, declared to be altogether prospective, so that the soldief 
did not enjoy his two pensions until after July 14, 1832. 

All staff officers were excluded from the benefits of the act of 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 



517 



May 15, 1828, except they, at the same time, held a commission in 
the line, in which case the amount of their pay, under said act, is 
determined by their rank in said line, without regard to their pay 
in the staff. 

ACT APPROVED JUNE 7, 1832. 

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That each 
of the surviving officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, sol 
diers, and Indian spies, who shall have served in the Continental 
line, or State troops, volunteers, or militia, at one or more terms, a 
period of two years, during the war of the Revolution, and who are 
not entitled to any benefit under the act for the relief of certain 
surviving officers and soldiers of the Revolution, passed the fif 
teenth day of May, eighteen hundred and twenty-eight, be author 
ized to receive, out of any money in the treasury not otherwise 
appropriated, the amount of his full pay in the said line, according 
to his rank, but not exceeding, in any case, the pay of a captain in 
the said line ; such pay to commence from the fourth day of March, 
eighteen hundred and thirty-one, and shall continue during his 
natural life ; and that any such officer, non-commissioned officer, 
musician, or private, as aforesaid, who shall have served in the Con 
tinental line, State troops, volunteers, or militia, a term or terms in 
the whole less than the above period, but not less than six months, 
shall be authorized to receive, out of any unappropriated money in 
the treasury, during his natural life, each according to his term of 
service, an amount bearing such proportion to the annuity granted 
to the same rank for the service of two years, as his term of ser 
vice did to the term aforesaid ; to commence from the fourth day 
of March, one thousand eight hundred any thirty-one. 

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That no person, receiving any 
annuity or pension under any law of the United States providing 
for Revolutionary officers and soldiers, shall be entitled to the ben 
efits of this act, unless he shall have relinquished his further claim 
to such pension ; and in all payments under this act, the amount 
which may have been received under any other act, as aforesaid, 



518 REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

since the date at which the payments under this act shall com 
mence, shall first be deducted from such payment. 

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the pay allowed by this 
act shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, be 
paid to the officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, 
entitled thereto, or his or their authorized attorney, at such places 
and times as the Secretary of the Treasury may direct ; and that 
no foreign officer shall be entitled to said pay, nor shall any officer, 
non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, receive the same 
until he furnish the said Secretary satisfactory evidence that he is 
entitled to the same, in conformity to the provisions of this act ; 
and the pay hereby allowed shall not be in any way transferable, 
or liable to attachment, levy, or seizure, by any legal process what 
ever, but shall inure wholly to the personal benefit of the officer, 
non-commissioned officer, musician, or soldier, entitled to the same. 

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That so much of the said 
pay as accrued before the approval of this act, shall be paid to the 
person entitled to the same as soon as may be, in the manner and 
under the provisions above mentioned ; and the pay which shall 
accrue thereafter shall be paid semi-annually, in the manner above 
directed ; and in case of the death of any person embraced by the 
provisions of this act, or of the act to which it is supplementary, 
during the period intervening between the semi-annual payments 
directed to be made by said acts, the proportionate amount of pay 
which shall accrue between the last preceding semi-annual payment 
and the death of such person, shall be paid to his widow, or if he 
leave no widow, to his children. 

SEC. 5. And be it farther enacted, That the officers, non-commis 
sioned officers, mariners, or marines, who served for a like term in 
the naval service, during the Revolutionary war, shall be entitled 
to the benefits of this act, in the same manner as is provided for 
the officers and soldiers of the army of the Revolution. 

This act grants a pension to the officers, soldiers, and sailors, of 
every grade, who were engaged in military service during the Rev 
olution for a period of two years, or for any period not less than 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 519 

six months ; but excludes privateers. To those who served for a 
time less than six months, nothing has been given, though for four 
or five months they may have been in the most meritorious service 
and in the fiercest engagements. 

All staff officers whose claims were rejected under act May 15, 
1828, are admitted under this. Thus: assume the case of a per 
son who has served for two years as lieutenant and adjutant, the 
act of 1828 only gave him $320 per annum; but he could have, 
at any time since the passage of the act of 1832, applied, or his 
children can now apply, for the benefits of this act for his services 
as adjutant, and receive pension from March 4, 1831, to the day the 
officer died, at $480 per annum. 

By this act and that of May 15, 1828, the act of March 18, 1818, 
has been rendered disadvantageous, and consequently inoperative ; 
and though, to a private soldier, the act of 1818 grants a pension 
of $96 per annum, and the act of 1832 only $80, yet the provisions 
of the latter act since its passage are more beneficial than those of 
the former ; because, on the day of the passage of the said act of 
1832, the sum of one year s pension by enactment was made to 
have accrued and become due, from March 4, 1831, to March 4, 
1832, which the pensioner could receive as soon after the 7th day 
of June, 1832, as he could establish his claim and at the time of 
the passage of the act of 1828, the sum of two years pension was 
declared to have accrued and become due, from March 3, 1826, to 
March 3, 1828, which the annuitant could also receive as soon after 
the loth day of May, 1828, as he could establish his claim. 

On the contrary, let it be assumed that on the loth day of May, 
1828, a person applies under the act of 1818 for a pension at $96 
per annum, his pension, then, by law, could only commence on the 
day of the " completion of the proof," and no back pay will have 
accrued to him. 

The same is true with respect to the act of 1832, which gives 
the one year s back pay, consequently after May 15, 1828, and 
June 7, 1832, all applications under the act of 1818 ceased to be 
made. 

Again, let it be assumed that a private applies in 1850 for a pen 



520 REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

sion under the act of 1818 at $96 per annum, his pension can only 
commence from the time he completes his testimony in 1850, while, 
on the contrary, if he or his heirs apply in the said year of 1850 for 
pension under the act of 1828 or 1832, at the lower rate of $80 per 
annum, he or they will then receive the whole amount of back pen 
sion from March 3, 1826, or from March 4, 1831, as the case may 
be, which is far more beneficial than the pension under act 1818, 
to commence only in 1850. 

The second section of the act of 1832 requires the reduction Oi 
all invalid and other pensions, and a total relinquishment thereof, 
before receiving its benefits ; but Congress, on the 19th of February, 
1833, removed this restriction; so that, since that time, invalids 
have received two pensions where their service has been of su