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Full text of "The Sanitary Commission bulletin. no. 25-40, 1866"

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INDEX 



Sanitary Commission Bulletin. — Nos. 13-24. 



Abbott, J. B., (See Reports.) 
*Abbott, a. J.—{^oe Letters.) 
Abbott, J. B. — (See Letters and Reports.) 

Acknowleilgements, (donation) — Reuben Libbj 656 

A Country Girl, to Country Girls and Boys — Appeal for Onions 399 

A day in the Central Office during Grant's advance 470 

A call from Boston and New England Womens' Auxilliary Association 745 

A Hospital Visitors' Farewell 746 

A Mother and Son — Incident • 752 

"A reasonable Remonstrance" 598 

** A Soldiers Tribute" , 470 

*'A '* Letter"— W. H. Peckbam 724 

"A trip up the Mississippi" 657 

" A Rainy Day in Camp"— Poetry.— Mrs. Robt. S Howland '. 695 

A wold to the Aid Societies 673 

An American School Boy — (Donation) — Janes B. Moier 740 

Annual Report Soldiers' Aid Soc, Irvington, Westchester co., N. Y., June, '64. 613 

Adynaeniia — Mortality, causes of, &c;.... 559 

** Agriculturist" — Letter from Orangtf Judd. 531 

Agents, Testimony concerning— (Repirt E. B. McCagg & E. W. Blatchford) 610 

" Canvajwing— list of— Dept. East '. 431 

<* How thev live— Letter Rev. Mr. Pot^r 632 

« Duties of :..... .392, 423, 451, 570, 644 

Agncw, C. R. (See Reporta and Letters.) 

Aid rendered, 3 months Relief Work atBoflton 636 

Aid to the Union Prisoners at CharljMrto^. 8. 718 

" All the Year Round" — History of Sanitary Commission 495 

Andersoiiville, Georgia. — Prison at 652 

Anderson, J. A. — (See Reports.) 
Anti-scorbutics — (See Vegetables.) 

Appeal for Vegetables 464, 482 

Appeal for IJiackberries 619 

*' Sanitary Commission — <* Dollars and Lives" 738 

Army — East Virginia and Maryland^=-Work of relief 390 

" of l^tomac, Middle, Upper and Lower District — (Report Dr. Steiner). 390 

" " <* Supplies forwarded to 445 

** " " Scenes and Incidents . 548 

*« General Banks— (Report Dr.tlrane.) 458 

'< *' Sherman — Supplies sent, 1864, toNashvillo .485, 522 

*' Virginia— Issue stores, 1864 493 

" Cumberland — (Diary of Mrs. Porter) &c 659 

" " — Current business in (Situation in West; 469 

" West— What it has done— (Report Dr. Read) 651 

'< Statistics — Disease and Death first 15 months of the War — (Statistical 

Bureau) 402 



tl^im 



ii Ind^. 

PAOB. 

Army Surgeon's — Defence of, and Duties of. 523 

** Tribute to— Letter Alfred J. Bloor 529 

" British— Average deaths Annually, from 1803 to 1812 420 

*' '* Mortality from Disease, &c., Crimean War — Statistical Table. 466 
'* '* " during Peninsular and Crimean wars, as com pa-red 
with that of American Army — (See Work of 

Commission Preventing Disease) 421 

Articles of Treaty — (Geneva International Sanitary Conference) 676 

Association— Protective War Claim, N. Y...412, 445, 475, 507, 539, 573, 604, 637, 

669, 701, 731, 763 

Associate Members — Co-operation with Sanitary Commission 738 

Ashman, W. N. — (See Letter.) 

Asylum, Insane — Stores furnished by Sanitary Commission — Williamsburg 

— Letter Dr. Jos. Parrish 566 

Atlanta, Georgia — Good news from 751 

Auxiliary Relief Corps— System of Work— How divided, &c 532, 621, 678 

B. 

Back Pay, and Collection of. 428, 465, 500,589, 591, 655 

Barr, R.— (See Letter.) 

Barlow, Mrs. General — ^In Memoriam 615 

Bandages, making of. 470 

Battle Stores at Chattanooga 469 

Blackberry Wine needed — (See Report Dr. \V^6odward) 689 

Blackberries — Appeal for i 619 

Bliss, Z. E.— (See Testimonial) ; 407 

Blatchford, Jonn S. — (See Report.) 

Bloor, Alfred J. — (See Letters.) 

Boardman, W. E. — (See Letter.) 

Board of U. S. San. Com..413, 446, 476, 508, 640, 574, 605, 638, 670, 702, 732, 763 

Branch Depot 413, 446, 476, 508, 540, 574, 605, 638, 670, 702, 732, 764 

Brough, John — Appeal 385 

Brown, J. A. — (See Letters.) 

Burial of Dead 455, 515, 617, 518, 520, 530, 567, 586, 623, 659 

Burnside, General A. E. — (See Testimonial^ 553 

Butler, Thomas — (See Letters and Reports.) 

c. 

Cady. Charles E.— (See Testimonial) 435 

Caldwell, G. C— (See Report.) 

Camp Inspections — (See Statistical Bureau) 401 

'' Cooking — Directions for * 471 

" Sumter — (See Andersonville, G«.) 652 

Cairo — Soldier's Home 717 

Canned Fruits — ^Testimony Lieut.-Col. Summers 682 

Carbolic Acid — ^Disinfecting Agent 560 

Carpenter, D. B. — (See Report.) 

Chaplain's Duties — Hospital Sketches 597 

Chattanooga — Gardens at 408 

Chapel and Hospital Visitors 758 

Cheer to the Ladies — Extract from Letter .'. 740 

Christian Commission \ 743, 754 

" " "Record of a Day" 754 

Churches — Cooperation with Sanitary Commission 738 

Circular from Snrffeon-General Hammond. — Instructions to Medical Officer. 684 

. " " W. Clendennin, Ant Med. Director, Depart. Cumberland 684 



Index. iii 

' PASI. 

'* Cleveland Herald" — Rcmarke on Vegetable Gardens at Chattanooga. 555 

Classes and Severity of Wounds ; 558 

Clendennin, W.— Circular 684 

Clothing — Hospital — patterns for, &c 405, 502, 525 

" Need of 709, 711, 716 

Colored Troops — Mortality of — Letter from pity Point, by J. V. Van Ingen 742 

" " . Report, Rev. A. L. Payson 689 

" Hospital— Report Act. Sup. Sperry 680 

*' Nurses — Incompetency of, Report Act. Sup. Sperry 681 

Colton, Josiah D. — (See Letters.) 

Commission of Inquiry — Treatment of Prisoners by Rebels 726 

Comparison of Federal Atrocities with cruelty of English Soldiers 641 

Congress — International Sanitary at Geneva \ 675 

Conover, R. A. — ^Testimonial 887 

Consuls of United States in Europe — Aid rendered by 495 

Convention for Ameliorating condition of Wounded in Field — (Geneva) 675 

Cooks — ^Necessity for — Report, Rev. H. B. Hosford 520 

Correspondence---(See Special Relief Oflice) 590 

County Councils — Suggestions concerning 739 

Cows— for Hospitals— " " Report Rev. H. B.' Hosford 520 

Crane, Dr. Edward A. — (See Reports and Letters.) 

Culpepper Agency — Report, Captain Harris 393 

Cumberland Hospital — Statistics of, &c 690 

Cutter, Brigadier-General L. — (See Letter.) 

D. 

Danville — Murder of a Prisoner 729 

Dead at Chickamauga 515, 517 

Decherd, Tenn. — Home at — Letter, Dip. Hillman 686 

Department of East — List Canvassing Agents 431 

" Peninsular and Norfolk, boundaries of — Letter Dr. Parrish... 566. 

" Gulf— Letter Edward A. Crane 668 

" " Stores issued, quiu'ter ending June 30, 1864 669 

Diary of J. C. Anderson, May 23d to 2}6th — Rappahanock 455 

<* Mr. Van Ingen, May, 1864— Work Army Potomac 499 

" Mrs. E C. Porter, May 15, to' June 14 — Army Cumberland 659 

Disposal of our Dead Prisoners South. ...\ 730 

Disbursements — Army Virginia — May and June, 1864 545 

Discharged Soldiers— Number of, &c. — Elspecial Relief Office, Washington.... 589 

Disinfecting Agents — Carbolic Acid 560 

Doings at the Front — Extracts from Journal ; 712 

Dollars and Lives — Appeal for Sanitary Commission 738 

Douglas, J. H., M.D. — (See Reports and Letters.) 
Dyn, L. — ^See Letter.) 

E. 

Edgerly, Mr. G. C— In Memoriam 617 

Effects of Long Marches and Improper Food on Healthy Troops — Statistical 

Bureau 403 

"English Leader'* — Extract of Work Sanitary Commission, &c 755 

Eno, Eklward I. — (See Reports and Letters.) 

Entertainment at (..acva — liitc.uational Congress 1 677 

Europe — Sanitary Movement — Progress of Work 889 

'* Official inquiries of Geneva Conference % 389 

'* Losses by Disease during Peninsular Wai^l811 to 1814)..: 4*iQ 



iv Index. 



PAOB. 



'* Evening Bulletin " — List of Supplies forwarded to Annj before Richmond 762 

Evertfi, Alpheus — Testimonial 553 

Evans, D. W.— (See Report) 

Evidences of Mental Suffering — ^Returned Prisoners) 727 

Extracts from our Journal — (at City Point) v 635 

Examinations, Physiological of Soldiers — Statistical Bureau 401 

Expenses — Summary of, from Sept. 1, '61, to July 1, '61 — Dr. J. S. Newberry 762 

P. 

Fair at New York— Results of. 429 

'* Dubuque 577 

" I^hiladelphia — Description of, ** Philadelphia Inquirer," 494 

*' Chicago .' 579 

False Impressions — How they get afloat 385 

'^Fciloral Atrocities "—" London Times," 641 

Festival at Sing Sing — Women's Central Association 408 

Fec(iin«,' Stations 622,651 

Field Relief Corps — Army Potomac, Middle District , 390 

'* Hospital — Letter Dr. Joseph Parrish 569 

Financial Report Dr. J. S. Newberry, Sept. 1, 1861, to July 1, 1864— (See 

Western Department) .•. 760 

Freeman, J. N. — (See Letter.) 

Food lor Union Prisoners South 729 

Fractured Limbs — Means of Support — (Mortality, causes of) 560 

Fruits Canned — objections to 673,682 

Furlouj^hs — need of, for woun(]ed , 655 

Funds — What becomes of them ? — (Hospital Notes for friends at home) 634 

" Cost of supplies one month — Cumberland Hospital 690 

« Effects of Fairs on 417 

'* Misapprehension relative to 418 

" Hospital Tax— Letter Dr. jCrane 432 

*' ** Report Mr. Grant : 563 

'' Received— Benefit New Orleans 396,458 

" Fair at New York 429 

*' " A Soldier's Subscription 549 

*< ** "*Fair at Chicago, &o \.. 579 

" " Soldiers' Home, New Orleatis 591 

" Donated — American Schoolboy's Donation 740 

" " Mr. Goddard, Gen. Consul, Constantinople — Letter G. J. 

Abbott 464 

" " Lieut. William Henderson, Ohio Cavalry — Letter D. Robin- 

son, Jr: 465 

'^ " Est. S. P. Bolton, deceased, lale Pa. Vol.— Letter W. N. 

Ashman 465 

" " Pope of Rome — Letter Rev. John Timon '. !. 501 

*' Disbursed — Three months relief work, Boston 637 

'' *< East, South and West, May and June, 1864 545 

" May, 1864, Army Virginia, &c 463,482 

•^ " Soldiers' Home, New Orleans 591 

G. 

Gain and Loss — Sickness and mortality first 15 months of war — Statistical 

Bureau , 401 

General Condition of Wounded 558 

Geneva Conference — Official Inquiries ." 389 

" International Sanitary Congress at 674 

" Entertainment at 677 



a 



a 
it 
li 



Index. r 

PAOB. 

GibboD, John — ^Testimonial 656 

(xood news from Atlanta, Georgia 751 

Government Shop — Sherman's Department 517 

Graham, Captain, North Carolina Rangers, contribution — Letter from George 

B.Page 742 

H. 

Hadley, H. H., Professor Union Theological Seminary — In Memoriam 614,679 

Halluway, Henry C. — Report 581 

Hammondf Surgeon General, Western Army — Circular 684 

Harper's Ferry — Report Dr. Steiner 392 

Harris, Captain — (See Report.) 

Hart, Surgeon A. G. — (See* Testimonial.) 

Heroism of Soldiers 514, 519, 566, 619 

High claim of Southern people 727 

Hewitt, Dr. H. S.— (See Letter.) 

Hoblit, J. C— (See Report.) 

Homes and Lodges..400, 430, 439, 440, 441, 468, 494, 584, 566, 589, 655, 657, 764 

Hospital Statistics — Statistical Bureau 40 1 

" Clothing — Patterns of directions for making, &c 405, 426, 502, 525, 696 

Sketches 597 

Notes for friends at home 633 

Records — defect of — Report Mr. Grant 563 

Visitor — daily work of — " *' 562 

Military — Causes of Mortality 557 

Letter — Testimonial 740 

Train — Description of. 723 

" " *' Incident 599 

" Directory— Address of, 413, 446, 476, 508, 540, 574, 605, 638, 670, 702, 732, 

764 

« Report of, &c 467, 470, 516, 612, 645, 694, 748 

•* " Value of, L. P. Brockett, M.D 753 

'• Provisional — Explanation of term — Letter Dr. J. Parrish 566 

" Floating, <' New World," 567 

<• Army of Cumberland 660, 662, 663, 665, 666 

" " Virginia , .". 667, 668, 690 

" Mississippi 396 

" Tennessee ^ .\396, 404, 438, 687, 689 

" Washington 426,620 

'' Western Department...... ^(....596, 644, 646, 648, 649, 650 

Hospitals — Auxiliary Relief Corps 678 

" Winchester 706 

'* Sandy Hook 707 

*' City Point 742 

Housewives or Comfort Bags wanted for Army 760 

Howland, Mrs. Robert S.— Poetry.. 501,695 

I. 

Ice— issued, needed, ifec 455^ 458, 517, 594, 690, 707' 

Improper food and long marches — Effect on health of troops — Stat Bureau.. 403 

In the Hospital — Poetry : 403 

In Hospital — Extract Sanitary Reporter 745 

Incidents— Extriicts from letters, &c 567, 570, 599, 661, 665, 691, 742, 745, 752 

Incompetency of Colored Nurses — Report Acting Superintendent Sperry 681 

** Independent." — Extract — Onions for the Soldiers 399 

Influence of Military Life on men of different ages — Statistical Bureau 402 

Inquiries, Official, from Gen. Conference, Geneva, to European Govemm^xiV^. ^^^ 



4 



Ti Index. 



PAOB. 
>> 



Inspectors — Duties of — Work of Commission in preventing Disease 42i 

Inspections — Camp — Statistical Bureau 401 

Inspections— Number of— 1861, 1862, 1863— Statistical Bureau 401 

Inspection Returns — how arranged, ** " 401 

Inspection, General — Report Dr. Warriner, Miss. Department 395 

'* Hospital and Sanitary Stations, Tennessee — Report Dr. Read 438 

Instruction to Surgeons in charge of Hospitals — Circular W. A. Hammond.. 684 

Intemperance and Profanity — L. P. Brockett, M.D 753 

International Sanitary Conference at Geneva 674 

« Treaty " " 676 

Iowa — Fair at Dubuque 577 

Issues from Philadelphia Agency, U. S. 3*ii- Commission, for Sept., 1864... 763 

Italy — Sanitary Movement in-*— Neutrality of Wounded, &c 697 

J. 

Jenkins, J. Foster — (See Letters and Reports.) 

Journals — Extracts from — Doings at the front 712 

Judd, Orange — (See Letter.) 

K. 

Kansas— Work in, &c 468,682 

Kelly, WQliam L.— (See Letter.) 

Knapp, F. N. — (See Reports and Letters.) 

Kuvacs, Stephen, Major — ^Testimonial * 462 

L. 

Ladies' Aid Societies — Co-operation with San. Com. — Value of, &o 738,739 

Lecturers needed — Call from Boston and N. England Women's Aux. Ass'n.. 745 

Letter-" J. V."—" Rochester Democrat."—* * Patriotic Unity." 409 

*' Correspondent " N. Y. Herald."— Work in New Orleans 396 

" '* "N. Y. Times."— Vahie of Vegetables 584 

<< Extracts from — San. Com. and Med. Dept. Transportation, &c 484 

" Writing in Camp 531 

< ' from Washington — Extracts from — ^Mortality, Causes of, &o 560 

' * from New Jersey — Co-operation of Churches with San. Com 740 

Letters— (See Postage) 623 

Letter from Abbott, G. J., Washington — Donatioh from Mr. Goddard 464 

*' Abbott, J B., Washington— Back Pay..* 465 

Agnew, C. R., M.D.— Extract— Work at Belle Plain, &c 449,484 

'- Ashman, W. N., Philada.— Donation Est. S. P. Bolton, dec'd... 465 

'< Barker, Stephen, Phihidelphia — ^Testimonial, &c '. 427 

" Barr, R., Hospital 3d Division— Receipt of Stores 552 

'^ Barnard, Mr., Alexandria — ^Hoepitd Boat — ^Testimonial, &c 433 

Bloor, Alfred J., Washington—" Scenes at the Base "...'. 489 

'* " Fredericksburg — Sfeenes in Fredericksburg 526 

Boardman, W. E., Sec'y U. S. C. C, Philada.— Apologetic 397 

" Brocket, L.P., M.D 753 

Brough, John, Governor of Ohio — Supplies at Memphis, &c 385 

' Brown, J. A., Leavenworth— Refugees, Ac ......596, 682, 750 

Butler, Thomas, Camp Nelson, Ky. — Work at the Home 750 

Carpenter, Mr., Salem, Mass. — Work at Red River 692 

* Colton, Josiah D., Surg., Ringgold, Ga. — Rec'pt. of Vegetables. 398 

Conover, R. A., Surgeon, Memphis — ^Testimonial, &c 387 

'' Crane, Dr., New Orleans— Work at Red River, &c ^.. 431 

" Culbertson, Mr., Knoxville — Y^etable Gardens 595 

Cutter, Brig. Gen. L. — ^Receipt of Vegetables 636 

Douglas, Dr. J. H., City Pointr— Rec'pt of Vegetobles— Value of;.558, 584 



Index. vii 

PAHK, 

Letter from Dyn, L., Brownsville, Ark. — ^Receipt of Supplies, &c 750 

" Edgerley, Mr. — Testimonial, &c 434 

" Emperor Napoleon, through Fave, Aid-de-Camp — Sanitary move- 
ment in Europe 389 

*« Eno, Edward L, Kingston — Affairs at, &c 710 

" Freeman, J. N., Camp near Brandy Station — Testimonial 434 

" Grant, Rev. Mr., Memphis — Seenes among Wounded 721 

** Hazen, J. H. Rev., Nashville — Distribution of Stores, &c 595 

" Hewitt, Dr. H^ S., Morristown, Tenn.— Receipt of Vegetables... 463 

*• Hillman, Mr., Decherd, Tenn. — Work at the Home 686 

•* Hyde, A. B., 2d Corps, City Point— Auxiliary Relief Corps 667 

*^^ Ingraham, Rev. Mr., Nashville — Incidents, &c 594,687 

" Jayne, S. T.— Extract— Colored Hospital...'.... 666 

** Jenkins, J. Foster, New York — Funds raised by Fairs, &c 419 

** Judd. Orange, White House — Sick and Wounded, &c 531 

*• Jones, Mr., Decherd, Tenn. — Auxiliary Relief Corps 596 

*' Kelly, W. L., Louisville^ Kj. — Postage on Jjctters.. 554 

*< Knapp, F. N., Washington— San. Com. in Grant's Army 424 

" Knapp, F. N. to ** Washington Chronicle" — San. Com. and Med. 

Department 482 

" Libby , Reuben, Camp Barry — ^Testimonial Contribution 656 

" May, Abby W. — A call from Boston and New England Women's 

Auxiliary Association.. 745 

" Mill, John Stuart, Avignon — Testimonial, &c 564 

*', Mitchell, Mr., Gen. Banks' Army — Unionists in Louisiana 460 

'* Mitchell, Mr., Alexandria — Stores needed, &c 434 

" Muhlech, Col. G. A., Harper's Ferry— Winchester, &c., &e 709, 741 

** McClure, Charles, 4th Div. 5th Corps— Testimonial, &c •.. 581 

" Newberry, Dr. J. S., Louisville, Ky.— Work of Commission, 387, 714, 718 

'' Ord, E. 0. C, near Petersburg— Receipt of Vegetables 636 

" Parrish, Dr. Joseph, City Pointr— Death of Wm. Wilson 617 

** Parrish, Dr. Jos., James River — James River and Appomattox.. 564 
*• Potter, Rev. W. J., White House— *' How we Lived "—At 

Various Bases 632,666 

'' Reed, M. C;, Chattanooga-r-Qardens at 408 

*' Ricketts, Gen. Jas. B., 3d Div. 6th A. C— Rec'pt of Vegetables.. 552 

** Robinson, D., Wooster, 0. — Donation from Lt. W. Henderson.. 465 

" Seymour, Mrs. Horatio, Buffalo — Acknowledgment Donation 501 

'* Sloan, Rev. J. 0., Annapolis — Apologetic 396 

" Steiner, Dr., Carmel Hill Church — Preparations for Battle, &c... 454 

'' Stevens, Mr., Gen. Banks' Army— Retreat of. 460 

** Sperry, A. W., City Point — Hospitals, Games, &c. — Auxiliary 

Relief Corps 668 

" Summers, Lieut. Col., Memphis — Antiscorbutics, &c 682 

*' Thompson, Rev. J. P., N. x . — San. and Christian Commissions.. 592 

" , Timon, Rev. John, Buffalo — ^Donation from Pope of Rome 501 

** Upton, Chas. H., Geneva — San. Work in Austro-Prussian Army.. 390 
" Van Ingen, J. V., City Point— Mortality Colored Troops, &C....710, 742 

'* Walker, Albert, Camp near Petersburg — Rec'pt of Vegetab'es... 581 

*' Webster, J. C, Hopkinton, Mass. — San. and Christ'n Commis'u 721 

Werner, John, Alexandria, Va.— •Back Pay, &c 465 

'• Woodward, Benj., Tullahoma, Tenn. — San. and Cbrist'nCom'n.. 398 

" Woodward, Benj. — Sanitary Commission and the Government... , 719 

Libby Prison — Description of, &c 728 

List of Canvassing Agents — Dept. East 431 

** Delegates Geneva International Sanitary Copgress 676 

'* Disbursements May and June, 1864 — Army Virginia 545 



viii Index. 



PAOK. 



List of Issues — St. John's IslaDcl, S. C 580 

Provisions consumed Cumberland Hospital one month 690 

liclief Corps — Middle District Army of Potomac 390 

^' Rcporte Relief Agents " " " 391 

^' " " Lower District Army of Potomac 392 

'< Issues, New Orleans (partial) — Letter E. A. Crane 432 

* '* Army Potomac, January, February, March, 1864 437 

^' *' " Virginia, May, 1864 493 

*' Department Gulf, quarter ending June 30th 669 

*' " Army before Richmond 762 

'* Philadelphia Agency, September, 1864 763 

'' Expenses— Summary from Sept. 1, 186L to July 1, 1864— Dr. J. S. 

Newberry * 762 

'' Shipm^ents from Cairo, May 7th and May 16th, 1864 464 

' ** " Chicago to Gen. Sherman's Army 522 

'' " Louisville " " <* June 2 to July 25 668 

** Soldiers buried at Port Royal, Va 455 

'* Stores needed at Crisis of a Campaign (partial) 706 

" « received at Winchester Sept. 20, 22, 26 710 

" •* sent to Union prisoners in the South 719 

" (partial) at White House June 7, 1864 534 

Vegetables issued Army Virginia May and June, 1864 546, 560, 561, 583 

" " " City Point, July, 1864 619 

Living Skeletons — ^Treatment of Prisoners by Rebels 727 

"London Times," — Extract from — Federal Atrocities ' 641 

Long Marches and Improper Food — Effects of on Health of Men — Stat. Bur. 403 

BL 

Manner of Investigating treatment of Prisoners by Rebels 726 

Manufactures at Cumberland Hospital \ 691 

'* Marked Articles" — Sanitary Reporter 443 

Martin, J. S. — Testimonial .% 435 

May, Abby W— (See Letter.) 

Medical Documents- — Number of issued by Commission 423 

Medical Department — Work of. 483 

Mill, John Stuart— (See Letter.) 

Milliken, J. H. — In memoriam 715 

Military Life — Influence of on men of different ages — Statistical Btreau 402 

Milk Condensed — Value of — Report Dr. Read 514 

Modern Treatment of Prisoners of War .\ 727 

Mortality British Army during Peninsular and Crimean Wars, as compared 

with that of the American Army 421 

" Causes of in Military Hospitals — Means of diminishing 557 

*^ of Colored Troop*— Letter J. V. Van Ingen 742 

Muhlech, G. A. Col. — (See Reports and Letters.) 

Murder of a Prisoner at Danville 729 

McClure, Charles — (See Reports.) 

N. 

Nashville — Letters Mr. Ingraham 687 

Navy — Supplies issued to at Red River^— Report Mr. Mitchell 459 

Naval Claims — Number of, &c 589 

Neutrality of Wounded in time of War — Italy 697 

Newberry, Dr. J. S. — (See Reports and Letters.) 

" Nf w York Herald " — Correspondence of — Work on Mississippi 396 

New York Fair — Results of. : 429 

' New York Times" — Correspondence Army Virginia — Testimonial 544,584 



Index. , ix 

PAOB. 

New Hampshire Legislature — ^Testimonial 601 

" New York Tribune "— InciJent^-Gallant Conduct of J. B. Porter 665 

Nightingale, Miss— Notes on Nursing.... 410, 444, 472, 504, 536, 570, 602 

Notes from City Point— T. C Parrish 742 

Nurses in Army of Cumberland — Report E. B. MpCagg and E. W. Blatchford 611 
Nurses inefficient in Colored Hospital — Letter Mr. S. F. Jayne 666 



Onions for the Soldiers — " Independent " 399 

Ord, E. 0. C— (See Letter.) 

Orders from Surg. Gen . Hammond — Instructions to Medical Officers 6S4 

Our Soldiers — Incident 752 

P. 

Parrish, Dr. Joseph — (See Letters.) 

Patients in Colored Hospitals — Condition of — Letter Mr. S. F. Jayne 666 

*• number of and condition (Nashville) — Report Rev. A. L. Payson.... 690 

" " in General Hospital No. 1, Tennessee 404 

" in Hospitals, We'stern Department 644,649 

Patriotic Unity — How it is to be fostered 409 

Peaches — Method of Drying and need of 674 

Peckham, W. H.— A Soldier's Letter • 724 

Pensions— iStatistical Bureau • 403 

*' and Claim Agency, New Orleans 430 

Pension Office, Washington ; ' 590 

Perin, Dr. G. — Testimonial » 464 

^* Philadelphia Inquirer " — Description of Fair at Philadelphia 494 

Physiological Examinations, Soldiers — Statistical Bureau 402 

Poetry .....,.......! 403, 470, 501, 549, 601, 695, 724 

Port Royal — List of Soldiers buried at 455 

" " Supplies received at 455 

Potter, W. W.— Testimonial 407 

Poet Office Circular — Postage 555 

Postage ......V 453, 516, 554, 555, 623 

*• Hints relating to— Report M. C. Read 487 

Point Lookout — Report Dr. Steiner •. - 392 

Potatoes Pickled : 395, 407, 662 

Prepay your Letters — Postage 554 

Prisoners — Letter Alfred J. Bloor 530 

Protective War Claim Association of New York... 412, 445, 475, 507, 539, 573, 604, 
' 637, 669, 701, 731, 763 

Prison at Andersonville, Ga 652 

Punishments of Prisoners South .\ 730 

Pyaemia — Mortality — Causes of. 559 

B. 

Relief- — Special and General 

Rations per Week at Huntsville, Alabama — Rfeport J. S. Prout 406 

** to our Prboners in the South 729 

Read, A. N.— (See Reports.) 
Read, M. C— (See Reports.) 

" Really Old Linen" 683 

Rebel Brutality — Andersonville Ga., &c 652, 725 

Recommendations of Society of Pub. Usefulness of Geneva 675 

"Record of a Day" — Criticism, Ac 754 

Red River — Work on — Letter Mr. Carpenter^ Qft'i 



X , Index. 

Relief — Special and General. paok. 

Refutation — Charge of " Federal Atrocities" — London Times 64 1 

Relief Work at Boston— Report J. S. Blatcbford 636 

" " Port Royal, Va.— Report Mr. Anderson 522 

Relief Department— U. S. San. Com.— 413, 446, 476, 508, 540, 574, 605, 638, 

670, 702, 732, 764 

Reply of Surgeon Conover to Mr. Carpenter's Questions 387 

Report— Financial, from 1861 to 1864— Dr. J. S. Newberry ' 760 

Requisition — Supplies for "New World" — Letter Dr. Joseph Parrish... 568 

Resolutions introduced by Mr. Hubbell to Legislature of Wisconsin 400 

Resources — Misapprehension Concerning — (See Effects of Fairs on 

Fund, &c.) 418 

Ricketts, General J. B. — (See Letter.) 
Robinson, D. Jr.-r-(See Letter.) 

* ' Rochester Democrat" — Extracts from and Answer to 409 

Rogers, Edward L^ — ^Testimonial 435 

Report of Home at Alexandria, Va 430, 590 

'' ' '* AnnapoHs, Md 442 

*< " Boston, Mass 431 

" « Baltimore, Md 590 

" « Brashear City, La 400 

" « Chattanooga, Tenn 440 

" Camp Nelson, Ky 400, 441, 534, 656 

'' Cario, ni 400, 494, 534, 592, 655, 717 

" " Decherd, Tenn .'. 686 

• '' « Detroit 400, 534, 592, 656 

*' *' Harrisburg ; 656 

" " Louisville, Ky .400, 534, 656^ 

' " Memphis, Tenn 400, 441, 468, 534, 591, 656 

'^ " Nashville, " 400,440,441,534,591,655 

'' " New Albany, Ind * 534, 656 

*' <' New Orleans 430, 591 

*' *' Portland 431 

" " Portsmouth, Va 431, 566 

" ** Stevenson, Tenn 439 

" « Washington, D. C 442, 589, 590 

^' Associate Memben U. S. San. Com. — Boston — Year ending 

March 31, 1864 442 

<^ Citizens of Brooklyn, N. Y. — How Brooklyn money goes 498 

*' Claim Agency in the West 751 

" Council Relief Societies — West Chester and Putnam Coun- 
ties, New York, 747 

<^ Extracts from San. Com. and Medical Dept 484 

" Hospital Visitor at Nashville, Tenn 404 

'* " Directory — Summary 467 

** Issues of Stores to Army of Vii^nia, May, 1864 493 

*' Official County Council, Tarrytown, New York 612 

*' Quarteriy — Hospitals at Washington and Vicinity 426 

'' Relief Agents— Middle District— Army Potomac 390 

<^ Sanitary affairs in the Mississippi i 395 

" Statistical Bureau. 401 

" Treasurer Womens' Central Association Relief Branch U. S. 

Sanitary Commission, 1864 614 

''■ Work on the Mississippi— Mr. Way 521, 562 

" " in Sherman's Army 485 

, '' *• Special Relief Office at Washington 589 

" Abbott, Mr.— Transportation of Wounded 462 



Index. xi 



PAOB. 



Relief' — Special and General. 

Report of Abbott, J. B.— Work in Grant'» Anny 425 

« Adams, F. A.— Winchester, Va .' 758 

" Agnew, C. R. — Among our Wounded — Army of Va., &c 449,452 

" Aikman, W.— Belle Plain 627 

" Anderson, J. A. — Rappabanock 455 

*' *' *' ReliefWork, Port Royal, Va 522 

" Beebe, H. H.— Value of Hospital- Directory 694 

" Blake, Dr. — A Trip up the Mississippi ; 657 

" Blatchford, E. W.— Work North-west Branch 609 

" « J. S.— ReliefWork at Boston 636 

" Blazier, T. M.— Harrisonburg, Va 757 

*' Brown, Mr. — Hospitals at Washington and Vicinity 428 

" Butler, Thomas — Home, Camp Nelson, Ky 751 

« Caldwell, Mr— Hospitals at Washington 620 

•' *' G. C— Work in Grant's Army 426 

'* Carpenter, D. B. — Agent at Memphis 395 

" Crane, Dr. Edw. A.— Department of Gulf. 432, 458, 617, 668 

' " Dana, W.— Fredericksburg 630 

•' Denniston, J. 0.— Work in the Field 627 

" Douglas, J. H. — Army of Virginia 55X 

" Eno, Edward I.— Sherman's Army 488, 597, 71« 

" Evans, D. W.— Sheridan's Army,&c 707,759 

« Fairchild, E. B.— Point Lookodt 392 

** Fay, Superintendent — What Auzilliary Corps has done . 620 

" Ferguson, (Jeorge — Fredericksburg 628 

" Grant, Mr.— Memphis 562 

" Halloway, Henry C — Petersburg — Distribution Stores 581 

" Hammer, J. V. — ^Berryville, Va 758 

" Knowlton, George — Harper's Ferry, Va 758 

Harris, Captain — Asst. Supt. Field Relief — Army East Vir- 
ginia and Maryland 393, 586 

** Hoblitt, J. C— Sherman's Army 487 

" Hosford, Rev. H. B. — Hospitals, Chattanooga 518 

« Jenkins, J. Foster— Sheridan's Army 708, 709 

*' Johnson, Superintendent — Army Potomac 618 

« Keese, S. T.— General Feeding Station 624 

" Knapp, F. N.— Grant's Army 424 

*< *< " Department of East 429 

« " '* Operations at Belle Plain 1.... 460 

*< " «* " Harper's Ferry 708 

'* Lightship, Mr. — Army of the Potomac — Vegetables 580 

" Marsh, Dr.— Military Movement— St. John's Island, S. C 579 

** Marshall, J. F. B.— Fredericksburg 625 

*' '* In the Field 626 

'' " J. P.— Fredericksburg ;.. 631 

" McClure, Charles — Army of the Potodiao 581 

♦ '' McCagg, E. B.— N. W. Branch Sanitary Commission 609 

*« Means, Rev. J. 0. — Fredericksburg 629 

" Mitchell, Mr.— Red River 460 

" Muhlech, G. A.— Harper's Ferry.'.... 706 

" Muhlech, G. A.— Martinsburg, Va 759 

" Neilson, Dr.— Floating Hospital, " New World". 624 

*' Newberry, Dr. J. S. — Department of Mississippi 386 

" Newell, Mr. — Army of the Potomac 581 

'* Nichols, Surgeon — Home Hospital 591 

*' Orris, Mr.' — Auxiliary Relief Corps 681 



V 



xii Index. 

Relief- — Special and General. p^q^ 

Report of Payson, Mr. — Point Isabella Hospital, Ky 635 

" " Rev. A. L.— Memphis 689 

'' Peak, J. Y.— Auxiliary Relief Corps 682 

''- Potter, Mr.— Army of the Potomac 582 

*' Prout, J. S.— Huntsville, Alabama 406 

'' Read, Dr. A. N. — Hospitals, &c., in Tennessee 438 

" " Western Department 513, 561, 593, 644 

" " Sherman's Army 486 

" Mr. " " 463,518 

" M. C. " " 486,487,593 

" Root, Mr. " '' 440,683 

^ '* Smith, Dr. T. B.— City Point 585 

** Soldiers' Aid Society — Irvington, Westchester county, N. Y.. 613 
" Sperry, A. M., Supt. — Fredericksburg Relief Corps, Colored 

Hospital 630, 678,680 

*' Stevens, N. C. — Army of Virginia 551 

'' Stiles, John— "Water Base", Feeding Station 625 

" Steiner, Dr., Chief Inspector — Relief Armies East Virginia 

and Maryland 390, 424, 435 

^ ** Stone, Rev. J. A. — Burial, &c., Fredericksburg 627 

" Sutliffe, Wm. A.— Stevenson, Ala. — Stores, &c 398 

" Van Ingen, J. V. — Army of Potomac 461 

*' Warriner, Dr. H. A.— Work on the Mississippi 387, 395 

'' Wilcox, Mr.— Work in Grant's Army 425 

'' Woodruff, Mr.— Statistics Cumberland Hospital 690 

*' Woodward, Dr. — Western Department... 689 

s. 

Sanitary Commission — What it is — (See The Future) 737 

'* " Associate Members — Ladies' Aid Soc's. Churches, &c. 738 

*' "■ Surgeons' Testimonials 406 

'* Work of— Extract from ** English Leader" 755 

Testimonial R. A. Conover, Surg. 108th 111. Inf. Vol. 387 

'< ^^ Resolutions passed concerning by Legislature, Wis... 400 

*' *^ and Surgeons 434 

'' '' and Medical Department— Letter F. N. Knapp 482 

'' '^ and Massachusetts Surgeon-General 744 

*' " and Medical Officers — llelations existing between 622 

" Liberal basis of— (See Letter J. V.) 410 

^' ^' and Government — Relations existing between 719 

'• ** and Christian Com. — Harmonious Co-operation 721 

" '' " . " Work of each 397 

" " I* V " Plan to insure Co-operation 592 

^^ <^ Testimonial New Hampshire Legislature 601 

'- '' From a French Point of View » 546 

" " Aid Rendered by Consuls in Europe ^ 495 

" " History of, from " All the Year Round" 495 

U. S. Board of... 413, 446, 476, 508, 540, 574, 605, 638, 670, 

702, 732, 763 
Branch Depote...413, 446, 476, 508, 540, 574, 605, 638, 670, 

702, 732, 764 

" " Bulletin— ItB Future.: 737 

'^ " Work of in presenting Disease 419 

" « Annies East Virginia and Maryland 390 

" Army of the Potomac 498 



Index. % xiii 

Sanitary Commission — Work of in Shenandoah Valley. ...705, 741 

" »< *' on James River 710 

" « " in Grant's Army 424 

" " " at Louisville, Ky 385 

" " " on the Mississippi 395 

" " _ " at Boston, Mass. — Report Asso. Members 442 

" " ' '« at Fredericksburg and Belle Plain 451 

" " " in the West — ^Journal of a Surgeon . 467 

" *' " to be performed — Amount of. 483 

" " " North West Branch— Report E. B. McCagg 

and E. W. Blatchford 609 

^ " " in Western Department 714 

" « " in North Carolina 741 

*' <* '' at Atlanta, Georgia 751 

*' " " at City Point, Ya 635 

<« Movement in Europe — Progress of Work 389, 697 

*' Work in Austro-Prussian Army 390 

" Science applied in Camps and Hospitals during Crimean War 465 

" Congress at Geneva — From N. Y. Evening Post Correspondent 674 

" Fairs— Effects of on Funds— Receipts from, &c 409, 417, 577 

" Stations in Tenn. — Report Dr. Read 438 

Scenes and Incidents — Army of the Potomac 548 

Seymour, Mrs. Horatio — (See Letter.) 

Scenes among the Wounded — Letter Re'^. Mr. Grant , 721 

Secondary Hemorrhage — Mortality, causes of. 559 

Sessions, F. C.— ^Testimonial, &c 408 

Sheridan's Army — Work in— Report G. A. Muhlech 706 

Sim, Thomas — Testimonial, &c 407 

Sloan, Rev. J. 0.— (See Letter.) 

Small-pox at Memphis and Vicksburg — Report Mr. Carpenter 396 

Soup, Beef, Vegetable and Bean — Amount required for fifty men 471 

Society of Public Usefulness of Geneva — Preliminary Meeting 674 

" Somebody's Darling" — Poetry 724 

Southern Food — Rations to Prisoners of War 729 

Soldier's Gifts 465 

Soldier's Aid Society, Wisconsin 656 

Stanley, Charles H. — In Memoriam 565, 624 

Steiner, Dr. — (See Reports and Letters.) 

Statistical Bureau — Work of. - 401 

Statistics of Hospitals in most of Departments — Statistical Bureau 401 

" Disease and Death, first 15 months of War — Statistical Bureau.. 402 

" Labor of Reporting Results, &c., — Statistical Bureau 402 

" Value of Military and Medical — Work of Sanitary Commission pre- 
venting Disease 423 

Statistical Tables of Sickness and Death from Disease — Crimean War 466 

Stevens, N. C. — (See Report.) 

Stimulants-^Necessity of.. ^ 426, 757, 758, 759 

" How administered — ^Report Acting Superintendent Sperry 680, 711 

Sutliflfe, William A —(See Report.) 

Suflfer Most, Love M(»t — Incident 749 

Sworn Statemen ts of Exchanged Prisoners — Anderson ville, Ga 652 

Special Relief Office 589 

Splints Gypsum — Mode of Applying — Suggestions concerning Preparation... 558 
Summers, Lieut. Col. John E. — (See Letter.) 

Suggestions to the Ladies 739 

Supplies. 

" Issued... 398, 437, 441, 459, 482, 490, 522, 534, 564, 580, 595, 613, 636, 

687, 645, 655, 668, 669, 713, 757, 760, X^ 



x:v 



Index. 



Supplies. 



Forwarded.. .451, 453, 455, 458, 460, 464, 486, 499, 517, 518, 522, 534, 

578, 610, 705, 707, 715, 719, 741, 757, 758, 759, 760, 762 

Needed...427, 464, 486, 514, 517, 518, 561, 580, 644, 645, 646, 647, 649, 

683, 751, 758, 759, 760 
Per ceDtage of Waste and Loss — Report E. B. McCagg and E. W. 

Blatchford 611 

Received at Winchester, Va., September 20, 22, 26, 1864 710 

Consumed in Cumberland Hospital, one month 690 

Needed at Crisis of Campaign 706 

Sent to Union Prisoners at Anderson ville and Charleston 719 

*' " " in South, withheld 730 



'»Taps" — Poetry — Mrs. Howland 724 

Testimonial— "Patriotic Unity" 409 

Correspondent New York Times 454 



Tt^Hti 



Surgeons and Chaplains 9th Army Corps. 

Legislature of New Hampshire 

" of Wisconsin 

Hospital Notes for Friends at Home. 

Wisconsin Soldiers' Aid Society 

"A Trip up the Mississippi" 

A Soldier's Letter 

from a Chaplain 

Hospital Letter.. 

from Surgeons. 



553 
601 
400 
633 
656 
658 
724 
739 
740 

^.. . 406 

Hospital visitor at Nashville, Tenn 404 

from Our Soldiers 753 

'* "English Leader" 755 

loniuld from or through — 

Abbott, J. B 425 

Aikman, W 627 

Barker, Stephen 427 

Barnard, Mr 433 

Bliss, Z.E 407 

Burnsidc, Major General A. E 553 

Cady, Charles E ^ 435 

Carpenter, Mr * 694 

Conovor, Surgeon R. A 387 

Dana, W 630 

DynJHton, J. 628 

Dyn, L 750 

Kdgcrley, Mr 4S4 

Everts, Alpheus 552 

Freeman, J. N /..i 434 

Gay, Dr. George H 744 

Gibbon, John ^ 656 

Harris, Dr 394 

Hart, Surgeon a. L 556 

llillman, Dr -. - 686 

Kovacs, Stephen - 463 

Ingraham, Rev. Mr. 746 

Judd, Orange 532 

Libby, Reuben 656 

Lightship, Mr 580 

Mamhall/J. P. B ^^ 625 



Index. XV 

Testimonials from or through — paob 

" Marshall, J. P 631 

" Martin, Surgeon J. S 435 

" MacGowan, Br t 583 

" Means, Rev. J. 629 

" Mill, John Stuart 564 

'< Neilson, Dr 624 

*' Orris, Mr .: 681 

" Perin, Dr. G 464 

" Potter, W. W / 407 

" Read, Dr 439,650 

'* Rogers, Edward L 435 

'< Russell, William, Jr 552 

" Sessions, F. C 408' 

« Seymour, Mr \[ 521 

" Sim, Thomas 407 

*' Smith, Major General 552 

'* Steiner, Dr 393 

<* Stevens, Mr 460 

<* Summers, Lieutenant Colonel 682,746 

" Timon, Rev. John : 501 

" Van Ingen, Mr. J. V 499 

. " Werner, John : 465 

" Wheelwright, H. B : 564 

Tetanus — Mortality — Causes of. 559 

Tobacco— Need of. Jfti 711,758 

Transportation of Supplies— Difficulties of means of.... 440, 451, 452, 482, 518, 532, 

610, 650, 709 

'* Wounded 463, 556, 611, 651, 657, 685 

Treatment of our "Prisoners by Rebel Authorities 725 

Treatment of Rebels „ 742 

u. 

Unionists in West Louisiana — Letter Mr. Mitchell 460 

Upton, Charles H. — (See Letter.) 

V. 

Vaccination — Work of Commission in preventing Disease 423 

Vegetables— Value of— Issues of, &C...388, 395, 398, 406, 438, 439, 440, 463, 464, 

468, 482, 493, 494, 513, 514, 517, 520, 521, 522, 546, 550, 560, 563, 569, 

580, 582, 583, 593, 618, 619, 635, 651, 663, 683, 685, 689, 710, 713, 717, 

718 741 743 753 
Vegetable Gardens! .4 08,' 438, 464, 469, 516, 518, 521, 555, 595, 611, 651, 691, 715 
Visit to Annapolis and Baltimore by Commission of Inquiry — Treatment of 

Prisoners, &c 726 

Van Ingen, J. V — (See Letters, Reports, Testimonials.) 

Voices from the Country : 749 

w. 

Walker, Albert— (See Letter.) 

Warriner, Dr. H. A. — (See Reports.) 

Washing Clothing — Suggestions concerning — Superintendent Fay's Report.. 623 

Webster, J. C— (See Letter.) 

Werner, John — (See Letter.) 

Western Scenes, No. 3 , from the New Covenant — ^Incidents, &o 503 

Western Department — Shipment of Supplies June 2 to July 25, 1864 668 

Western Department— Work in 644, 683, 686, 687, 689, 692, 714 



xvi Index. 

PAQB. 

Wheelwright, H. B.— Testimonial 664 

White Oak Church Feeding Station— Report F. N. Knapp 461 

What the Auxiliary Relief Corps has done 666 

Williams, Rev. Israel — ^In mcmoriam.ff 753 

Wilson, William — In memoriam 617 

Winchester— Hospitals in.; 706,709 

Winslow, Rev. Dr. — In memoriam 493 

Wisconsin Legislature and the Commission 400 

Wisconsin Soldiers' Aid Society 656 

Woodward, Benjamin— (See Letters.) 
Woodward, Dr. — (See Reports.) 

Women of America — Tribute to, from " All The Year Round " 495 

Words of Cheer— Extract from Letter 696 

Work of Relief-r- Armies East Virginia and Maryland 390 

Work of Sanitary Commission — '^ English Leader" 755 

Wounds — Classes and Severity of. 558 

Wounded — General Condition of. 558 

Wretched Condition of Returned Prisoners 726 

T. 

Young Veteran Heroes — Incident 751 



THE 

SANITARY COMMISSION 
BULLETIN. 



Vol. I. 



NEW YORK, MAY 1, 1864. 



No. 13- 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 



THB WAT IN WHICH FaLSE IxMlZSSIOirS GET 

Afloat 385 

Tbb Santtabt Moy£Msnt or Eubope 389 

Bkeobts — 

Work Roliof in tho Annies of Virginia and 

Maryland 390 

Sanitary AfTaira on the Mississippi 395 

Tho Distribution of Stores 398 

Homes and Lodges. 400 

Work of the StatiHtical Bureau 401 

HoapitaU in Tcuncsseo 404 

The Chbistian Commission and the Santtabt 

CoMaoBsioN 396 

Vboetabus. 398 

Onions for the Soldiebs. 399 

Lboislatube of Wisconsin and the Commission. 400 

POETEY— 

In the HoepitaL 403 

Patterns for Hospital Clothino 405 

Suboeon's Testimonials. 406 

Hospital Gardens 408 

Correspondence— 

Festival at Sing Sing 408 

Patriotic Unity 409 

Notes ON Nubsino 410 

The Sanitary Commission Bulletin is published 
on the first andfiflee^Uh of exiery morUh, and as it 
haM a circulation, gratuitous or other, of above 14,000 
copies, U offers an unusually valuable medium for 
adoeriising. 

All communications must be addressed to (he Edr 
(tor, at the office^ 823 Broadway, and must be au- \ 
Ihisnticaied by the names and addresses of the writers. 
As the continuance of the publication of the Bul- 
LBTCff is uncertain, depending on that of Uie war, 
and on the resources qf the U. 8. Sanitary Com- 
mission—Vie Standing Committee feds a certain de- 
gree qf reluctance to solicit subscriptions for it — and 
thereby to pledge the GOmmu^sion to its issue for a 
d^ite period. 

The Committee understand, however, that some of 
their frietuls to whom it is now sent gratuitously, ex- 
press a wish to pay for it, ajul they ther^ore give 
notice that the sum of tico dollars, remitted to the 
Treasurer, (G. T. Strong, 68 Wall Street, or Xo, 
823 Broadway, New York,) vnU secure its being sent 
to fudi contributor during the remainder qf the cur- 
rmd y^ar^ unless its publication be sooner disoon- 



25 



Vol. L— No. 13. 



THE WAY IN WHICH FALSE IMPRES- 
SIONS GET AFLOAT. 

Tm State or Ohio, ) 

EzxcuTivK Depabtment, I 

Columbus, April 2, I8M. ) 
To th€ Scmitary AttoeitOion* qf Ohio : 

I invite your attention to the following 
communication* from our very intelligent 
and active Agent at Memphis. In a former 
letter Mr. Brigham says: ''The Sanitary 
Commission here has always shown a read* 
iness to supply our wants, but the Bra noli 
here has received little or no supplies fof 
the last six months." Our Agent wants 
help at Memphis, and he very clearly de- 
signates the most desirables articles. Will 
our local societies assist our soldiers under 
this call? K so, they will report their con- 
tributions to the Quartermaster-General; I 
will provide transportation, and send ii 
citizen of the State in charge of them to 
Memphis, so as to ensure their agde transit 
and prompt delivery. Prominent citizenB 
are constantly offering to perform this kind 
of service, without compensation for timo 
or labor. So that, in like manner, and bj 
payment of expenses only, I can send simi- 
lar contributions to other points whenever 
desired. I ask the co-operation of our San- 
itary Associations. 

Very respectfully, 

John Bbouob. 

To the Editors oftkt Cimeinnati Commercial: 

SaNXTABT Ck)MlCIWXOK. 

Louisville, Apra 6, 1864. 
I observe in your issue of yesterday, a 
letter from Gov. Brough, on the want of 
Sanitary supplies at Memphis, and contain- 
ing an appeal to the ** Sanitary Associations 
of Ohio," to send stores to the Ohio Mili- 
tary Agent at that point. 

* The purport of th« eninraanioAlioa referred u> can k9 
f leaned from the Goveruvr'K letter. 



386 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



As tlip Sanitary Commission has beou 
mudo tlic iilnioncr of tho bounty of the 
pooj)!*' of Ohio, ftml hsis become responsible 
for the just and equitable distribution of 
their jrifts, since the efficiency of its admin- 
istration has been called into question, it is 
but i>roi)i>r that some rei^ort of its work at 
Menii)his should be made, in order that it 
may be seen, whether it has, or has not 
8U8taini>d the responsibilities it has as- 
sumed. 

"With your permission, tlierefore, I will 
crave space in your columns for a brief 
statement of what the Commission has 
done, and is doing for the relief of the 
wants of the soldier at this ])oint. Since 
tho occupation of Memphis by our troops, 
an afx* iicy of the U. S. Sanitary Commis- 
sion has bi'cn maintained there, including a 
Soldier's Lo«lge, and a depot of supplies, 
with a varying number of A;?ents, under the 
general Mii)ervisiou of Dr. H. A. Warriner, 
Chief Inspt'cto; of the Mississippi Depart- 
ment. Durii>g tho time of its continuance, 
the distributing dei)ot has issued a large 
amount of hospital stores to hospitals, reg- 
iments, and gunboats; of all of which, accu- 
rate rejioits are on record at this office, and 
will be cheerfully furniMhed, if desired. 

It will V)o remembered that Memphis was 
for a short time, a great mililaiy centre — 
was surrounded by a larjiTO army, and held 
several thousand sick and wound<'d in its 
hosjutals. At that time the issues from the 
depot of the Commission were vtn- large. 

AVith the advance of the army to Vicks- 
bur^', l-iis in turn became the ci.'utre of 
military a-tivity, and tho ^^a!li:ary Commis- 
eion W(uk iu tliat Dipartnu-nt and Mem- 
phis lo>t its ri'lative impurtance, never to 
rt-jT-iiu it. Aft* r the i lU in' Viclisburg. came 
thel'.itrle of C!ii^-!:^.rii ri;j:a— tl: ' withdrawal 
of a \av\:> pirt of thi.- army o: Cu*n. Grant 
from th'* M!s.^isMpjii — the bat le of Chatta- 
nooga. i:\A all the excitin;^' s -cncs of that 
HI'. 111., r ;': !o campaign. The t-. rrible battles 
fL-uc:::: by our tr.jv>ps, the unparalleled 
hara-Ii:;'.s .iLd T.rivi.-.i<..ns the; bore, as well 
as tlie ;jTtiit r«jL.eoiitration of force near 
C*:iatta:i>ga, turned the tid • of benevo- 
lcz.cic: fi ir a tiznt-, all in that direction — and 
this v^is as it should be. 

Kone of our men at Chattanoga, had any 
loBg lilSe ihm caanfoKte i^udi the Ckyrezn- 



ment furnished to those at IMemi^his. The 
issues of Sanitary stores made by tho Com- 
mission — great as they were — have never 
kept i)ace with the demand, and lx)th jus- 
tice and humanity have compelled us to 
give most liberally to the most needy, 
wherever found. 

For this reason, much was sent to Chat- 
tanooga, and comparatively little to Mem- 
phis. That comparatively little, however, 
was not exactly ** almost nothing," as re- 
ported in the letter of the Ohio Agent, as 
will api)ear from the following statement 
taken from our books, of the disbursements 
from our depot at Menii)his, during the 
six months alluded to by the Ohio State 
Agent: 

3A blankets, 322 bed-ticks, 2,5-15 sheets, 
9,105 shirfc-j, 127 dres.=*ing-gowm, 7,724 tow- 
els and hdkfs., 50 night-caps, 35 eye-shades, 
6,090 cushions and pads, 212 pin-cushions, 
1,G31 lbs. corned beef, 7,079 lbs. crackers, 
736 comforters, 2,501 pillows, 3,832 pillow- 
cases, 5,631 pairs of drawers, 158 coats and 
vests, 1,194: pairs of socks, "460 pairs of slip- 
pers, 63 pairs of mittens, 9,627 lbs. com- 
presses, 1,868 lbs. condensed milk, l,7101bs. 
dried beef, •482.^.< lbs. tea, 3,381 lbs. sugar, 
23,420 lbs. dried fruit, 85 bush, fresh fruit, 
1,589 lbs. light groceries, 5,271 lbs. codfish, 
52 lbs. cheese, 1,769 lbs. butter, 1,200 doz. 
eggs, 1,455 bot. wine and spirits, 33 gjdls. 
apple butt<^r, 2, 174 galls, pic.xles, 515 gidls. 
sour kraut, 4,476 bush. i)otatoes, 1,317 do. 
onions, 928 gallons ale and cid«.T, 643 lbs. 
farina and barley, 875 fans, 10 boxes of 
lemons, 3,156 cans fruit. 

In addition to previous shipments made 

to Memphis by the Sanitary Commission, 

by Government transports — on the 10th of 

February, the Navigatcu*, chartered for the 

l)urpose, went down the Ohio with a load 

of stores for tho Mississippi Department — 

three-fourths of which were furnished by 

the Cincinnati Branch Commission — and of 

this load a fair share was left at Memphis; 

j and on the 23d of March, tho Dunleith was 

sent with another full load, from which Dr. 

Warriner — who was in charge — reports as 

follows: 

MsMFHxa, AprU 1. 1864. 

DB. J. 8. KSWBXKBT, 

Seerttarjf, ^te. 

We are patting off the last of the lot ae- 
signed to this plaoe^ Tii: 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



887 



330 barrels of potatoes, 200 do. onions, 
100 do. sour kraut, 150 do. apples, 2,000 
shirts, 1,000 pairs of drawers, and a fair 
proportion of whatever else we have on 

board. There are troops here, and 

2,100 in General Hospital. I have our 
store room thoroughly stuffed. 
Yours, &c., 

H. A. Wabbzneb. 

From this it would seem that there are now 
sufficient Sanitary stores at Memphis to 
supply the want at that point It only re- 
mains to show that they are available for 
the supply of wants of Ohio men. 

The reports of our Agents at Memphis, 
and the letters of Judge Brigham, the State 
Military Agent there, all indicate that per- 
fect harmony and concert of action have 
prevailed between them, and that whatever 
our depot contained, was subject to the 
draft of the State Agent for the supply of 
any wants of Ohio men, which he might 
discover, and that he has been in the habit 
of drawing from the depot since he has 
occupied his present position. 

Learning, however, that he had reported 
a want of stores for distribution, I, last 
month, sent him a special authorization, 
which should make him feel free to draw 
from our agency of the abundance of stores 
which I knew had been sent there. My 
letter is as follows: 

Louisville, Et., March 14, 1864. 
F. W. Bbioham, E0Q. : 

Dear Sir— Mrs. Rouse has shown me a 
copy of your letter to the Governor, in re- 
gard to your experience with the Sanitary 
Commission at Memphis. I am gratified to 
learn that you have been able to derive as- 
sistance from our resources in supplying 
the wants of Ohio men, and I trust the 
pleasant relations that have subsisted be- 
tween yourself and our agents, may be un- 
interrupted; and that they may continue to 
be, as they have been, mutually profitable. 
I enclose a letter to Mr. Carpenter, our 
agent, which will enable you at all times 
to share any means of relieving suffering, 
which may be at our command. 
Yours, very cordially, 

J. S. NXWBXBBT. 

This letter ooniained the following en- 
eLoRire: 



Mb. D. B. Gabpsntkb, 

MncpHiak TsHir. 

Pear Sir — This will be handed you by 
my friend, F. W. Brigham, Esq., Ohio 
Military Agent, who is doubtless already 
well known to you. Mr. B. is an acquaint- 
ance and friend of many years standing,, 
and I take pleasure in commending him to 
your kind offices — unless greatly changed, 
he is in all things worthy of our respect, 
and I beg of you, so far as may be in your 
power, to co-operate with him, in the care 
of Ohio men. 

Yours, respectfully, 

J. S. Newbzbbt. 

From this exhibit, it appears — 

Ist That the supply of Sanitary stores 
received and issued at the depot of the U. 
S. Sanitary Commission at Memphis, dur- 
ing the six months referred to by the Ohio 
State Agent, was far from ''almost noth- 
ing," but in fact was large, and always ac- 
ceptable to Ohio men. 

2nd. That the present supply at that 
point is ample^ and that it has been by spe- 
cial authorization, made subject to the 
draft of the Ohio State Agent. 

This, it seems to me, is all that is re- 
quired to show that the Sanitary Commis- 
sion has fully met its responsibilities at 
Memphis, both as regards efficiency of ad- 
ministration, and generosity of spirit 

Some better plea therefore, than that 
made by Governor Brough, would seem to 
be necessary to afford our auxiliaries good 
reason for departing from their present 
mode of working. 

Should any persons or associations choosy 
to send all, or part of their stores, to Judge 
Brigham, for distribution among Ohio 
men, I would not dissuade them from it, 
but lot it not bo on the plea that the San- 
itary Commission has proved inadequate to 
their wants. 

Very respectfully, 

J. S. Newbsest. 

HxADgUABTKBa, Med. Dkpt., ) 

IOStq Ilia InFAimtT. } 

Memi'UIS, Tsmm.. April 20, 1864. ) 
D. B. Cawinteb, Esq., 

Agent U. S, Sanitarg Commiuion: 

Sir — I take great pleasure in complyiDg 
with your request,and in answering so far as I 
may be able, the questions you were pleased 
to submit to me a few days since. 



The Sanitary Commiaaum BuUeUn. 



If, in any way, I can contribute to the 
removal of the erroneous impressions which 
evil disposed persons at the North— who, 
I greatly fear are strongly tinctured with 
treason — have persistently, and maliciously 
I think, endeavored to make upon the 
minds of those at home, whose duty to 
their country, humanity, and Gk)d, is to 
make the burden the soldier bears lighter. 
And when sickness and wounds come to 
him, away from home and friends, and all 
he holds so dear in life, to lend a tear of 
sympathy, to cool the fevered brow, and 
soothe the pain, I shall be amply repaid the 
little labor and less trouble, in giving my 
testimony in behalf of the noble men, wo- 
men, and agents of the Sanitary Commis- 
nion. 

In answer to your first question I would 
say, that during my connection with the 
army, and at every point or station at which 
our regiment has been stationed, I have 
never failed to obtain a full supply of 
Sanitai'y stores as the Commission could 
furnish, when the goods were in store. I 
have uniformly found the agents of the 
Commission not only willing, but anxious 
to furnish them to the soldiers. My hospi- 
tal has raiely been without such stores as 
were necessary, and frequently the well men 
in eamp have had issued to them a plenti- 
ful supply. 

To your second question. That the sick 
have undoubtedly been greatly benefited. 
The good done in the prevention of disease 
oau never be computed. 

To your third question. That never to 
any extent, or under any circumstances, 
have I known the supplies, appropriated in 
any other way than the one known to the 
donors. 

To your fourth question. Every medical 
man knows the great importance of fresh 
vegetables in the prevention of scorbutic 
diseases, and to the supply furnished by the 
Commission, are we indebted for the im- 
munity the army has enjoyed from such dis- 
eases. 

Living as the soldier is upon the salt ra- 
tion furnished by the Commissary, and the 
supply of fresh beef frequently limited, by 
the distance from the base of supply, and 
difficulties of tnuurportatioiiy 'without the 



aid of the Sanitary Commission, he would 
lose much of his vigor and efficioncy. 

Tour fifth and. sixth questions will be 
best answered tof^ether. The necessity for 
sanitary aid will continue so long as the 
war lasts. The circumstances which ren- 
dered the Sanitary Commission a necesfdfy 
in this war, will continue to arise; as fast 
as their kindness may remove the call for 
it, some new call will be heard. The min- 
istering angels of the Commission, the kind 
hearts that truly pulsate in response to 
their country's wants, must not cease theixl 
ministrations, nor withhold their kind 
words of cheer, or their indispensible do- 
nations. Let the brother at home not for- 
get his brother in the army. Sister, yonr 
brother is sick in hospitid, send to him 
some little delicacy. The assurance thai 
he is kindly remembered will cheer him, 
will put new resolution in his weak frame. 
Feel no fear that it wiU not reach him. 
Tour particular jar of jelly may not reach 
your particular brother or friend, but some 
one's will fill its place. 

From the immense storehouse of the 
great free North, let our fathers, mothers, 
brothers, and sisters send their potatoes, 
onions, pickles, kraut, fruits in their ya- 
rious preparations, through the Sanitary 
Commission. The agents will properly 
distribute whatever you send; and although 
the soldier, in the excitement of army life, 
may forget to thank you, or the amount of 
good done cannot be seen or computed, or 
the amount of disease prevented realized 
yet an efficient army, strong in the arms, 
free from disease, and acting in the holiest 
of all causes, will soon roll back the tide of 
treason and rebellion, and a great, free and 
peaceful nation bless the agents of its sal- 
vation. 

Let the hands of the Sanitary Commis- 
sion be upheld, the consciousness of good 
done will be the reward in time, and eternity 
will complete the recompense. 
Very respectfully, 

R. A. CONOVER, 
Swrgeon IWtk lUinoit InfdtUry VolumUen, 



Surgeon Oonover's letter did not form part 
of the correepondence arising out of Gk>vemor 
Brough's appeal, but its bearing on the subject 
is plain. 



The Sanitary Cammiasion BiMdin. 



389 



THE SANITARY MOVEMENT IN EUROPE. 

Mr. Bowles, the Secretary of the "Eu- 
ropean Branch" of the Commission, con- 
tinues to distribute our documents and 
reports amongst the savans and philanthro- 
pists, who have been instrumental in setting 
on foot the sanitary movement for Euro- 
pean armies, of which we have already more 
than once spoken. He has received very 
gratifying replies, copies of which he has 
forwarded us — thanking him for the docu- 
ments, asking for a continuance of their 
transmission, and expressing warm interest 
in the operations of our Commission — from 
M. de Preval, Sous-intendant Militaire of 
the French Army; M. Cochin, the distin- 
guished author of the ** Results of Eman- 
cipation;*' Dr. Basting, Surgeon Major of 
the ** Regiment d'Elite of the King of 
Holland; Dr. Sanda, Surgeon Major re- 
presenting the "Sanitary Corps of the 
Spanish Army;" and from M. Capello, the 
Italian Consul at Geneva. 

The work of establishing a vast Inter- 
national Sanitary Commission for Euro- 
pean armies, with branches in every coun- 
try, which was planned at the Conference 
at Geneva, of which we have already given 
some account, continues to progress fa- 
vorably, and has received a great impulse, 
as might have been expected, from the 
outbreak of the war in Schleswig Holstein. 
M. Henri Dunant, the author of the little 
work entitled Ua Souvenir de Sol/erino, to 
whose humane zeal the movement is in the 
main due, has received the following letter 
from the Emperor Napoleon: 

Sib— The Emperor has considered the re- 
quests made by the International Conference, 
which took place at Geneva, under the presi- 
dency of General Dufour, for the study of the 
question of supplying international relief to the 
wounded soldiers on the field of battle. 

His Majesty highly approves of the object of 
the Conference, ana of the suggestions made 
for its attainment He desires to assist you in 
your work, by favoring the formation of a Com- 
inittee of Relief in Paris, and cheerfully author- 
izes you to make known his sympathy with 
your undertaking. 

The Emperor has also desired me to write to 
the Minister of War, directing him to authorize 
some general officers to join the committee 
which you are organizing. 

Keceive, &c., 

Fave, 
Aide-de>-Camp. 

Shortly after the Conference held at 



Geneva, in the month of October, M. Moy- 
nier, President of the Society of PubUo 
Utility, who had presided at the Confer- 
ence, published an account of the deliber- 
ations; and an official circular was then sent 
to the different European Governments, 
containing the following inquiries: 

1. Is the Government disposed to accord its 
protection to the Committee of Relief for the 
wounded, which is being formed within its 
jurisdiction, as the result of the resolutions of 
the Genevan Conference, and to aid as much as 
possible the accomplishment of its designs? 

2. Will the Government take part in an in- 
ternational convention, having for its object: 

(a.) The conferring neutrality in time of war 
upon ambulances and military hospitals, the 
personnel of the sanitary official service, the 
volunteer nurses, &c., recruited by the Commit- 
tee of Relief, the inhabitants of the country 
who shall go to aid the wounded, and the 
wounded soldiers. 

(6.) The adoption of a uniform, or of a dis- 
tinctive gign for the persons attached to the 
service, and for a flag which shall be the same 
for ambulances and hospitals. 

If this lost proposition should be favorably 
received, would there be any objection to a 
badge on the arm, and a white flag ^ith a red 
cross ? 

Several Governments have already sent 
official answers. The Swiss Federal Coun- 
cil authorizes the War Department to carry 
out the wishes expressed in the circular, on 
condition that the States nearest Switzer- 
land shall also agree to the proposition. 
Favorable answers' were also received from 
Wurtemberg, Prussia, France, and Den- 
mark. At Stuttgard an important com- 
mittee has been formed, under the direc- 
tion of Dr. Hahn, with an auxiliary branch 
of ladies, ftom among the highest nobility 
of Wurtemberg, and appeals have been 
published and widely circulated in the 
country. The King of Prussia has ex- 
pressed his lively sympathy for the work, 
and has taken it under his protection. 
The Danish Minister of War has signified . 
the desire of Denmark to adhere to the 
propositions of the committee, and asso- 
ciations have been formed in Denmark, in 
Sweden and in Norway. The ladies have 
also formed themselves into associations, 
and have begun by making and sending 
to the Danish soldiers, woolen socks and 
other warm garments; and they have also 
prepared lint, bandages, compresses, and 
have gathered all kinds of medicines and 
refreshments for the army. 

Mr. l^owloA x€^at\&^ «& ^'^ ^^<sQsa«rj 



390 



The Sanitary Commisaum BuReUn. 



rasn]t of the labors of the '* European 
Braiicli'' of the U, S. SriDitary ComniissioE, 
Ufe ctilJ^ ctiou up to March 3st of $18,843 
75, aud the brauch, it mttit be remember- 
ed, is not over three months old. 

In counection with the forcgoing^, we 
havtt T*^ceivcd the folio wiug letter from 
Mr. irpton, the United St^itei Conaml at 

U. 8. COBPUL^TE. \ 

Rev. and Deajj Sib— It fitrack me, on readiBg 
tho Kiihjuinetl p^ragraphB in todn-y'ii Jouriml dt 
(JpHfti. T-^lfttlve to Iho war in Denmark, Uiat 
thij- Jl^i^Lt interef-t yoxir Committtiei I haTe 
tbtrt'iVsro copied and tranfilated tbem: 

*''Ilu' iltli'^ate of the International Commit- 
fei> fur thr Kehef of the Wounded of the An ntio- 
Pmssjsm Anny. Dr. Appia, Las been for eomo 
timu ]>i!.?Tt upon the tiioatre of the Ti'ar» vhero 
o-rcry thiiif; concura to asftnre tha aucceBS of 
\\U lufs^iiou* Koceived with the greatest kiud- 
ii*.^sK by the militikry autbonti^R, and eai>epially 
by M:m shsO Wrangel, he bun obtained all de- 
sirubbs fiitJlitieB for pa^fcinR freely over the ter- 
ritory Of in pi ml by ttia allied army* Wearing 
the \\h\\v. bi«lge with a red crosi^i adopted by 
the i'taii'eit^nce of Geneva^ he has bail access 
w]k r(Tfr bis mission required his presfnce^ 
H)u) Ijjia ]>rocHri d some relief to the \\'ounded 
in tJit' luiuKJ-nf Iho Geneva Committee^ 

*'11p wtirk of the t'onferencti meeta on all 
sidew t)K' ^Tratt'Ht aympathy, and its resolutions 
arc j^'r-n^ndly recofinized aH very acceptable* A 
cer tai n 1 1 u mla er of volunteer nnrg ea f d* Infirm krs . ) 
have idrtjidj' had experience in SchleHwif^, and 
tht ir ^i^r^^^^eH huve been much ui>preciated; they 
hnvt\ ill parti inihir, triumphiaitly solved the 
pri^at qui Kti<(n of atieertainin^^ whether their in- 
tervejttirui nii^ht not be troubkaome on the 
liild of Inittlc, 

'S\t tbf Intent date, (Ist of April) M, Appia 
Wrt<* at iht^ advanced post^ at the moment when 
a inink titimonade wi*a about to open from both 

ViiTy truly yoors, 

In the bondi of the Union, 

CoAa. K. UfTON. 
Bkv. n. W. Bellows, 

Atuf Ywk. 



WOinC OF EKLIEF IS THE AEMIES OF 
EAf^TEllN VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND. 

Dr. SEeiner, our Chief Inspector of Re- 
lief, misurtK as follows: 

Siin'L' my asaifrnment to duty, (December 
8, ]St>;l,j aa '" Chief Inspector for the Com- 
misHTijou iu the Armies of Eaiitcrn Virginin 
and jVIaj viand, {excepting tiu^se conneeted 
Tvilh tboVlefencea of Washington ^ and thoae 
atatiiiurd ut Boltimoro and Annapolis,)" I 
hiivtji bieti eudeavoriiigto organize my corps 
of ugi.nt!*, BO a« to command the whole of 
this hi:ld, and to bring the relief work of 
the Cnuimisaion within the reach of all 
who nn^ht be entitled to it. The duties 
of a chief inspector, as laid down in the 



execntiTO organization of the Commission, 
are " U) direct the work of the Commission** 
in the Military Department to which he 
has been assigned. Feeling the full re- 
sponsibility which these duties impose on 
an ofiicer, no labor has been spared in the 
organization of the work, which has been 
effected by the establishment of three dis- 
tinct districts. The Middle^ (comprising 
the Army of the Potomac;) Tiie Lowers 
{comprising as much of the Eighteenth 
Corps as ia stationed in Virginia and Mary- 
land ;) and The Upper, (comprising the 
forcejs in and dear Cumberland, and east- 
ward to the Monocacy Junction. ) The first 
of these has always been employed as a 
species of school of instruction for the re- 
lief agents that have been afterwards em- 
ployed in the other two. The results of 
ne4trly three years' relief work are thus 
miule available in quickly training men for 
work, in ivccordance with the best plana 
pmcti cable. 

The Middle District. — Field Relief 
Corpsy Army of the Potomac. — The reor- 
gauiztttion of this army has retjuired a re- 
organization of the Relief Corps. It con- 
sists of the same agents that were reported 
at the first of last month, with slight 
changes in their assignments. The direc- 
tion during the past month has been en- 
tirely nnder the care of Capt. Isaac Harris, 
whoso active business habits has given a 
special mrte to every thing done by the 
corp3» Its present constitution is as fol- 
lows: 

J. WHTirr Johnson. Superintendent, 

C&ptaln Jeouc Uarritu, Auistant Superintendent. 

GvifTSv Ev Holbrook, KcAef Agent, 2d Corps. 

CoLG.A. Mnhleck,} 5th Corps. 

C.M,B«ttt/ } m Corps. 

H. K. WUtni, Relief A ffent. Cavalry Co:ps. 

The size of the corps of this army being 
so large, it will be necessary to have two 
agenta assigned to each, and therefore the 
present arrnngement is not as complete as 
I hope to have it in a short time. 

The arrangements for the spring cam- 
paign are now being made by the corps. 
The wagons are being repaired, and put 
into condition for active employment. Most 
of the agents have undergone a training, 
which will make them most useful in their 
work of charity; and there is reason to be- 
lieve that oar machinery will be such as the 
recent indications of confidence in the Com- 
mission, from the loyal people of the coun- 
try, bos a right to demaad. While the in- 
dustrious zeal of the women of America is 
binng Ko enthusiasticall\ o.xhihited all over 
til a land, it is felt, by those who represent 
tliem iu tb« fiebl, that every exertion is 
required to prevent misappropriation of 



The Sanitary Commiasion BvUetm. 



891 



stores, and to aid the medical officers in 
their ministrations to the sick and suffer- 
ing. Constant ^'isitations of hospitals and 
associations with those having in charge 
the various departments of the army, are 
required, in order to giv* them intelligent 
command of the relief work entrusted to 
them. With the view of showing the na- 
ture of their work, I ask attention to the 
accompanying reports — in some instances, 
diaries — of tlie agents, furnished me weekly, 
as required by the rules of the corps: 

L Beport of W. F. Dubosq, Belief Agent, Ist Corxra, 

January 2, 1864. 
2. Beport of W. F. Dubosq, Belief Agent, Ist Corps, 

January C, 1864. 
8. Beport of W. F. Dubosq, Belief Agent, 1st Corps, 

January 9, 1864. 

4. Beport of W. F. Dubosq, Relief Agent, 1st Corps, 

January 17, 1864. 

5. Beport of Colonel George A. Muhleck, Belief Agent, 

l8t Corps, February 7, 1864. 
«. Beport of Colonel aeorKc A. Muhleck, Belief Agent, 

Ist CorpH, February 14, 1864. 
/. Beport of Colonel George A. Muhleck, Belief Agent, 
. 1st Corps, February 21, 1864. 

8. Beport of Colonel George A. Muhleck, Belief Agent, 

Iflt Corps, February 28, 1864. 

9. Beport of Colonel George A. Muhleck, Belief Agent, 

Ist Corps, February 29, 1864. 

10. Bep«>rt of Colonel George A. Muhleck, Belief Agent, 

lat Corps, March 7. 1804. 

11. Beport of Colonel George A. Muhleck, Belief Agent, 

Ist Corps. March 17. 1804. 

12. Beport of Colonel G<?orge A- Muhleck, Belief Agent, 

Ist Corps, March 2o, 1864. 

13. Beport of Colonfl George A. Muhleck, Belief Agent, 

1st Corp.*!, M:m:h 23, 1864. 

14. Report of George E. Holbrook, Relief Agent, 2d Corps, 

January 4. 1864. 
16. Beport of (ieorge E. Holbrook, Belief Agent, 2d Corps, 
January 9, 1804. 

16. Beport of Georgo E. Holbrook, Behef Agent, 2d Corps, 

January 16. 1864. 

17 . Beport of George E . Holbrook, Rehef Agent, 2d Corps, 

Janiuwy 24, 1H04 . 

18 . Beport of George E . Holbrook, Belief Agent, 2d Corps, 

January 30. Is64. 

19 . Beport of George E . Holbrook, BeUef Agent, 2d Corps, 

February 6. 1804. 

20 . Beport of George E . Holbrook, Relief Agent, 2d Corps, 

February 13, 1804. 

21 . Beport of George E. Holbrook, Belief Agent, 2d Corps, 

February- 20, 1864. 

22. Beport of George E. Holbrook, Belief Agent, 2d Corps, 

February 27, 1804. 

23. Beport of (ieorge E. Holbrook, Belief Agent, 2d Corps, 

March 6, 1864. 

24. Beport of George E. Holbrook, Belief Agent, 2d Corps, 

March 13, 1804. 

25. Beix>rt of GeorRe E. Holbrook, BeUef Agent, 2d Corps, 

March If, 1864. 

26. Beport of George E. Holbrook, Relief Agent, 2d Corps, 

March 2<!, 1864. 

27. Beport of 8. M. Blazler, Belief Agent, 3d Corps,' Janu- 

ary 4. 1864. 

28. Report of 8. M. Blazier, Behef Agent, 3d Corps, Janu- 

mxy 11, 1864. 

29. Beport of S. M. Blazier, BeUef Agent, 3d Corps, Janu- 

ary 17, 1864. 

30. Beport of 8. M. Blazier, Belief Agent. 3d Corps. Janu- 

ary 25, 1864. 

31. Beport of 8. M. Blazier, Belief Agent, 3d Corps, Janu- 

ary 31, 1864. 

32. Beport of 8. M. Blazier, BeUef Agent, 3d Corps, Feb- 

ruary 7, 1864. 
83. Beport of 8. M. Blazier, BeUef Agent, 3d Corps, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1864. 

34. Beport of 8. M. BUzier, BeUef Agent, 3d Corps, March 

14, 1864. 

35. Beport of a M. Blazier, BeUef Agent, 3d Corps, March 

21, ]86i. 
38. Beport of 8. M. Blazier, BeUef Agent, 3d Corps, March 
27, 1861. 

37. Beport ol Charles C. Harris, Acting BeUef Agent, 6th 

Corps, January 3, 1864. 

38. Beport o: Charles C. Harris, Acting BeUef Agent, 6th 

Corpii, J aaoary 9. 1864. 



39. Beport of Charles C. HarrU, Acting BeUcf Agent, 6tli 

Corps, January 16, 1864. 

40. Beport of Charles C. Harris, Acting BoUcf .\gent, fith 

Corps, January 23, 1864. 

41. Beport of Charles C. Harris, Acting ReUcf Agent, BOi 

Corps, January 30, 1864. 

42. Beport of Charles C. Harris, Acting RcUef Agent, 6th 

Corps. February 6, 1864. 

43. Beport of Charles C. Harris, Acting ReUcf Agent, 6th 

Corps, February 14, 1864. 

44. Report of Charles C. Harris, Acting ReUef iVgent. 6th 

Corps, February 15. 1864. 
46. Report of Charles G. Harris, Acting RoUcf Agent, 6th 
Corps, February 27, 1864. 

46. Report of Charles C. Harris, Acting RcUof Agent, 6th 

Corps, March 6, 1864. 

47. Report of E. M. Barton, ReUof Agent, 5th Corps, 

March 14, 1864. 

48. Report of E M. Barton, RoUef Agent, 5th Corps, 

March 20. 1864. 
49.. Report of E. M. Barton, RcUef Agent, 6th Corps. 

March 28. 1864. 
50. Report of E. M. Barton, ReUef Agent, on 140th N. Y.Y., 

Maroh 21, 1864. 
61. Report of David a Pope, ReUef Agent, 6th Corps, 
• January 17, 1864. 

52. Report of David 8. Pope, RoUef Agent, 6th Corps, 

January 25, 1864. 

53. Report of David 8. Pope, ReUef Agent, 6th Corps, 

January 31, 1864. 
64. Report of Charles M. Betts, ReUof Agent, 0th Corpse 

Fe.brnary 15, 1864. 
55. Report of Cliarles M. Betts, ReUef Agent, 6th Corps, 

February 22, 1864. 

66. Report of Charles M. Betts, BeUef Agent, 6th Corps, 

February 27, 1864. 

67. Report of Charles M. Betts, ReUef Agent, 6th Corps, 

March 7, 1804. 

68. Report of Cliarlo.s M. Botts, ReUof Agent, Cth Corps, 

March 14, 1864. 

69. Report of Charles M. Betts, ReUef Agent, 6th Corps, 

March 21, 1864. 

60. Report of Charles M. Betts, ReUef Agent, 6th Corps, 

»rttrcli 26, 1864. 

61. Report of Captain Isaac Harris, Assistant Superin- 

t<;ndent. Field ReUef Corps, January 14. 1804. 

62. Report of J. W. John.son, Snperiutendeut, Field Bs- 

lief Corps, February 10, 1804. 

63. Report of J. W. Johnson. Superintendent, Field Be- 

lief Cori>8, Februar>' 12, 1804. 

64. Report of J. W. Johnson. Superintendent, Field Be- 

lief Cori)8, February 28, 1864. 

65. Report of Captain Isaac Harris, Assistant Superin- 

tendent, Field KeUcf Corps, March 24 and 25, 1804. 

[We lijive published some of these re- 
ports, and now give the li.st, as an index of 
the system in vcguo to ensure accurate re- 
cords of labor done. — Eds.] 

These rei^orts will give a detailed ac- 
count of the work of the agents, and in- 
clude the work done at the engagement at 
Morton's Ford, as well as that at the Field 
Lodge, kept at Brandy Station. 

The tield qnarters of the corps at Brandy 
Station consist of a storehouse and a num- 
ber of tents, occupied for lodging the 
agents, the sick and needy who may be 
detained at the station, and such friends 
of the soldiers as may from time t > time 
visit the army. The red flag of the Com- 
mission, floating from the top of the house, 
can be seen for miles. 

With the view of showing the issues 
made by the Field Relief Corps, since the 
first of January, I ask your attention to the 
accompanying abstract, (No. CG. ) The files 
of the corps exhibit weekly abstrao s of 
issues; and the receipted requisition ; are 
contained in the archives of our wo k in 
the Army of the Potomac. These requisi- 
tions are mostly signed by modicvj.1 Q\5ivi.^\A 
— save GXLc\i \aaMe& qa \iaiN^>o^^w\sM5AL^\s^ 



392 



The Samtary Commission Bulletin. 



tho af^euts to individual cases of 'need, for 
the time not under any special control, and 
which liavo jilwnys been accounted for as 
individual relief. An effort has been made 
to fiocnre those receipted requisitions 
wherever j^ossibUs so that we might have 
in our archivi^s written testimony as to the 
disposal of our stores, always ready for 
those who ar(} curious and ready for such 
investig.itidns. 

The I.owkr Distiuct. — Major General 
Butler's r',,nin(i7}fl in Virginia and Mart/- 
land. — During tho past month, David 8. 
Pope liJis jiet«(l as relief agent in charge of 
our work in and near Norfolk, and tlirough- 
out tho (liMtriet. As ho has expressed a 
desire for iinotiier field of labor, I do tidied 
R. C. N« vin, on the 29th ult., to relieve 
him. Mr. l\ii)e, after making Mr. N. ac- 
quainted with the nature of our operations 
in this district, will report for duty in the 
Army of ;lie Putomac. 

Our nli -l' work has been so systomatizod 
by the ]>l:iiis of the relief agents lately in 
cliar^^'o, t!i:it tJie greatest possible amount 
of g<»od };:is been accomplished. A large 
warelious". No. 15 Wide Water Street, was 
assignt-d to the use of the Hanitaiy C'oni- 
mi.ssion, l»v eonimand of Brig. Oen. E. A. 
Wild, on the Vh\ of March, 1«(U. This is 
occiii)iet] l»y tho relief agent and the stoi*e- 
kecper, i.Sitmuel Bacon,) and is the depot 
for sanitary stons. 

An al>*^t riu^t of the stores, forwarded from 
the centr.d .-torohouso for the use of this 
portion of my de]>artmeut, accompanying 
this rejiort, (Xo. <>7,) will show tho nature 
of the sill (lilies which have been required. 

The jH-c lit hns boon instructed to adopt 
tlie fiani<* i)lMn of -vNoekly reports which has 
obtained in tho Potomac Army Belief 
Coi-]).--. 'I'heso reports, with the receijited 
re(iuisi1i(»ns, have always been forwarded, 
on th(^ lirst of the week, to the Chief In- 
spector. You will find tho following re- 
ports ainoii'^ the accompanying documents: 

63. Report (if JamoH Gull, Jr., Rvliof Agent, January 17, 

69. liri<ort «r JuincH Gall. Jr., Relief A^cnt, January 20, 

im;i. 

70. RcpMit of Jame» Gall, Jr., Relief Agent, January 31, 

1«04. 
Tl. Roi)ort of Jauics Gall, Jr., Relief Agent, February 7, 
lf-<U. 

72. Rt^port of David S. Pope, Relief Agent, February 14, 

I8i;i. 

73. Repcrt of David S. Pope, Relief Agent, March 6, 

1S«V|. 

74. Report cf David 8. Pope, Relief Agent, March 12, 

iHGi. 

75. Rejiort of David 8. Pope, Relief Agent. March 13, 

IHOl. 
70. Report of David 8. Pope, Relief Agent, March 20, 
ItiCi. 

Point Lookout. — During the stay of Mr. 
E. li. Fairchild, as examiner in vital statis- 
tics, among the rebel prisoners at Point 
Lookout, jNIarjlaud, lie acted also as relief 
agent, distributing stores to the needy in 
the General Hospital, and to such extreme 
cases among tho tuck prisonors as claimed 



his attention. His report wiU show the 
nature of tho work, and how acceptable it 
must have been to the sick. The transfer- 
rence of Mr. F. to the W<?«t, deprives us of 
his services at Point Lookout. It is desira- 
ble that occasional communication be had 
with thi 8 point, by means of special visits, 
so as to ensure our supplying whatever maj 
be needed. (No. 77.) 

At the present time a force is said, by the 
newspapers, to be collecting at Annapolis, 
for offensive operations, under Major Qen. 
Bumside. It iQay possibly be tluit this 
force shall operate* in Eastern Virginia. In 
this case, it will be neces««wiry to organize 
some plan to meet the relief work that will 
1)0 unavoidable, when tho campaign is once 
entered upon. I shall take care to see that 
some i)roper persons be ready to undertake 
the work, and that tlic Sanitary Commis- 
sion be fitly represented. 

Indeed, in any jdau of operations that 
may be adopted for Eastern Virginia, it is 
evident that hard-fought battles will result. 
Both sides are nerving themselves for a 
severe contest. The rest of the winter has 
enabled them to gather strength, and it 
would seem now as though the final strug- 
gle was near at hand. A wise providence 
as regards tho accumulation of stores at 
depots, and the perfection of all arrange- 
ments for relief work, is n»qnired at the 
hands of tho officers of the Commission. 
Wo have experience now in tho work, and 
that experience should bo made to teU in 
tho way of improved plans and enlarged 
preparations. 

The Upper District. — Major General 
SiffeCs cnminandy from Cumberland east- 
icarda, — The relief work in this district has 
been verj' iiTogularly performed until lately. 
Kcliance was placed on occasional visits 
from the inspectors of the Commission to 
tho regiments and hospitids of the com- 
mand, and on applications made directly 
on our Washington storehouse for stores. 
In this way, quite a large amount of stores 
was issued. (No. 78.) The arrangements 
now entered into will enable us to work 
thit^ field as well as that embraced in the 
other two districts. On the 19th ult. , Mr. 
Charles C. Harris went to Harper's FeiTy, 
and, through the kindness of the military 
authorities, was supplied with proper ac- 
commodations for a storehouse. Since that 
time a full supply of stores has been for- 
warded to him, and it is intended that this 
storehouse shall be the depot of supplies 
for the Upper District of my department. 
Mr. Harris writes of the court lous recep- 
tion he has met at the hands of tlu* ofiicers; 
and how wide a field for active philanthro- 
pic labors has been opened belore him. I 
refer you to liis report for a fuller state- 
ment of the nature of liis arrangements in 
Harper's Ferry. (No. 79.) 

I intend that Mr. H. shall remain at the 



T%e Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 



893 



Ferry, in the capacity of local relief agent 
and storekeeper. His time can be profit- 
ably spent in visiting the regiments m his 
neighborhood, finding out their wants and 
■^PP^jiiif? them from the storehouse. His 
past experience in the Army of the Poto- 
mac pre-eminently fits him for the duties. 
The work of the Commission in this Up- 
per District I have placed in charge of Col. 
±*oten, lately of the Veteran ICeserve Corps. 
Col. Poten has served with distinction in 
Beveral Missouri regiments, having, as 
Major, led one of them in the famous en- 
gagement at Pea Ridge. In order to fit 
Himself specially for his work, he spent 
some time with the Relief Corps of the 
Army of the Potomac. From his expe- 
rience of army life, knowledge of men and 
sound common sense, and his acquaint- 
ance with the nature of the Commission's 
"work, I have every reason to expect that 
he wiU prove to be one of our most valu- 
able officers. My past experience as re- 
gards the value of army officers in the ser- 
vice of the Commission, is so favorable, 
that I feel the importance of securing such 
officers as have had a good record during 
their term of service in the army. 

Since sending in my report, on the 1st 
of March, I have made a visit to the Army 
of the Potomac, and found that our ogents 
have carried on the duties assigned them 
faithfully, and to the decided benefit of 
the soldier as well as the credit and good 
reputation of the Commission. It has been 
my pleiwure to bear testimony to their 
faithfulness in previous reports. I do not 
wish to change the record in their favor 
one iota. They are firm and true, shrink 
from no labor, and avoid no necessary re- 
sponsibility. The same testimony I must 
bear to my faithful clerk, E. R. Cornwall, 
to Mr. Hoag, (the city storekeeper,) and to 
Mr. L. V. Beebe, whose energy has enabled 
me in so many cases to get stores off with 
dispatch, when they were sadly needed at 
the front. Nor have the officers connected 
with the transportation department been at 
all indisposed to assist us, but have aided, 
as far as in their power, in all our work. 

With the hope that the future record of 
this department may be even more satis- 
factory than its past, and that the relief 
work may remove much of the suffering of 
the war. 

We annex, also, the report of Captain 
Harris, the Assistant Superintendent of 
Field Relief, (April 15:) 

On the 27th of Feb*ry, on my return from 
furlough, I reported for duty to Mr. J. W. 
Johnson, at Brand7 Station. The follow- 
ing Tuesday, Mr. Johnson left for Wash- 
ington. Since which, the superintendence 
of aflEoirs in the field has devolved upon 
me. 

Early in March, severa] reconnoissances 



were undertaken, by both cavalry and in- 
fantry; but as the troops went in the light- 
est possible marching order, unencumbered 
by trains of supply wagons, and accompa- 
nied by the fewest possible number of am- 
bulances, it was deemed inexpedient to send 
out any of our wagons with supplies. 

The most we could do was to collect from 
Washington a sufficient supply of stores to 
meet the emergency. 

Happily these goods were not called into 
requisition — the infantry returning without 
a man less; and the cavalry, which accom- 
panied them, with only a few cases of 
wounded, whose wants were easily supplied 
at the hospital. 

The cavalry expedition upder Kilpatrick, 
whatever may have beefi"its losses, and 
the number of wounded rescued from the 
enemy, passed into another department, 
where I trust the wants of "the sick and 
needy were not overlooked by the agents of 
the Commission stationed there. 

Nothing beyond the ordinary routine of 
supplying the wants of the hospitals has 
characterized the work in this corps during 
the past six weeks, unless it is that of sup- 
plying the necessities of prisoners confined 
at the various Provost Marsh aVs quarters, 
who on account of their peculiar situation 
are not allowed to draw clothing or pay. 
To these men has the Commission, through 
the assiduity of its agents, been of great 
benefit. Most of the prisoners were held 
awaiting trial, or decisions of the Courts 
Marshal, which had for some reason been 
withheld. To these men were furnished 
underclothing and blankets, and frequently 
that panacea for all ills — tobacco. If the 
avidity with which they chewed it was an 
index of their thankfulness, then there is 
little danger of the Commission being styled 
a gigantic humbug, by those for whose 
welfare it claims its origin and existence. 

The storehouse at this station, under the 
excellent management of Mr. C. S. Clam- 
pitt and his assistants, with one or two ex- 
ceptions, and those owing to some delay on 
the railroad, has been able to supply the 
necessities of the hospitals, some of which 
have drawn quite heavily for clothing and 
articles of diet. The abstracts of ibsues 
which have, from week to week, been for- 
warded to the Central Office, will show you 
the amount of work done. 

At Culpepper, the agency under Col. G. 
A. Miihleck, has been of great advantage 
to the sick of the 1st corps, as well as of one 
division of cavalry, whose illness would not 
warrant a removal to the Corps Hosjiital at 
this Station, and were accordingly treated 
at their quarters, but who, nevertheless, 
urgently required those articles of diet, 
which it was happily the power of the Com- 
mission to supply. 

The 5tli corpa, -wY^ic^i ««vc^ ^^ \9Xi <A 
January liBA been ^wt^\xv^>i)tkfe^. U. h-^^ 



394 



The Sanitary Commission BnUeiin. 



K.. Wiis so w'ub'ly scattoroil, that it was 
il'.iiiif.l :ulvisal)lo to establish u storo at 
C'ntl<:i".' Sijitinii, which was accoriliupily 
dinu l»v Mv. C'liarlfs O. Harris, tlio Acting 
1{ li; I A-:;-at altachitil to tho eori>s. For 
lull pirtKulars rc^ifardiug his work, I am 
ciMiiP il.-l to refer you to his weekly re- 
j>."rt>i, iii- situation hiing siieh that 1 was 
uii;il'l ' to s.H'hiui as fruqiieutly as I did tho 

otll«T M.rv'llt'^. 

(V\ tlu' ."itli ultimo, tlu» regular agent of 
tlu" ti'iiis. Mr. K. ^I. r»artj>n relieved Mr. 
II.. wIm n^}>.u*t4'il at Wsishiugttm for orders. 
Ii w.i^ ,. » i\i jiftrr decided to discontinue tho 
sr.ii-.;i Ml-.' at C'.itlett's. and accordiuLily Mr. 
]>. \\ :ii -vi'd t') liHi>i>:iliannock Station, 
winr.' lir- was able to make bctti-r arrauge- 
iiii :it^ i<>r himself and liorse, and from 
\vjv..-h ji.'i:ir hi' w:is in cnsy communication 
bv r.iil witli rli-.' dillorent regiments, ami 
bi:_; id :;ii.l di\i>iou generals. The reijni- 
>;; i-'-.i^ t.-.iM till' corjw are now lilli-d iit tliis 
>:. .■ . wiiich j)lin work-; vj^ry well - 

til" ^: A .riN;i:idingno dilUculty iji i>btain- 
i:i.,' ii.;!>:^.>;:aiioa for their stores by the 

r....iv ill .l:i:iii.iry, a Lodge for tlie accom- 
i:ix"l..ii=:i of .-ick aitd bcni^dited M»ldiei-s 
w.> .'-: I'hii-iinl, there bi-ing iii» a'\M»mmo- 
d.i:i.'-.i ■»: any kind provided by the (bivcrn- 
:;i :.:. lb r.'. nexrly one thousand nu-n have 
V»:;\i ^: ■ 1;= r;indci»mrt>rtable bcd<. where:is 
I:. \ ui- iiii I'liurwise have been compelled 
o\i ] :::]}' uiuhis. tt> pa>is the dreary honrs in 
c 'i I. di>.:*^ .-torms or free;:ing weather, 

?I.:;iy ;. i.itlur and brother, yes, and mo- 
t'.:- ■. : ■ ». m1i-» liad travcil.'d hundred** oi 
7..:. - : ' ^ [-it -H-'iiiesiek tu' dying relative, 
1. I.. '.. ..i t•.•.^'.^il»n^obh^»isthetent.s^»rrat!le^ 
l■.. .. : :.;y whirh pl.u'ed lli-'m there, which 
1 r ■. L I I'lera little comfori.-i, which mo- 
I.- \ I • ^. .lively command in this inhospi- 

M •:■ t:i:in three hundred me.ds have 
b. . . : :::!i>h.-l to sn'.iiiers who were \\ith- 
.'.:■.. .:: I .1:1.1'.'':.* t» ob:,ii?i rations. I'lvil- 
: ;:- 1:1 .ii:"-: ot sick fri-.Mid^. and wholly un- 
,;.-.» -. .':,['. .1 wi:h. a:id nnproxided for a lri]i 
t * :.i • •• iL.e.:." ha\c always been eoidialiy 
Vv . -.v, I .:: o-.ir t.d'le. 

«> : '.". hli i;-::i'n.> I received a comniu- 
i.:.-..:i ':i iii* n li.-!i. l\itiick. Provost M.ir- 
>':.'.-<;. :.; r..l o*. thi-* .Vrmy. and Pr. ^b■l^l^- 
r.v.. ^l i.-:l P;rcclor. rccommeniiing for 
cli.ir. :.."■..' n.>;u\* the family of Sir.»lher 
,].i.- '>-. .. rc:.i:;» .', formerly bviii:: near the 
Uip:i.;.;. ^Ir. J.i,*ob-i. w i»o h.ul bcv-n for 
soy.; ::i:i MM the i 'on federal e >cr\ ice, wa^so 
■.;:.vv, .1 M lira •-' a> to b.» coj> fined to hisbed 
d u\:i : 111 * da% . and w.is little calculated to 
a:;- i-d to the basuie-^N o( shippiuj; l\is few 
hv> > \\ ». I j;o.».U tt» Washington. They n-- 
r.i.c.'.i, I Willi UN three week'*, daring winch 
\'\i\ Wvvc rendered as comtorlable as pos- 
sible. 

(1/ /.'/<» iVrli ultimo, tho ladies of the 



family woro accompanied to Washiugton 
by(f. l*j. Holbn>ok, Agent of th« 2 1 corps — 
tho liusbaud having preceded thither a few 
diiys i)roviousi. Tho goods were .safely trans- 
ported undtjr the charge of 11. C Freeman, 
messenger. 

AVhat tho plan of operations for the com- 
ing stMisun will be. it is impo^^siblo to fore- 
set*. All we can do is to prepare ourselves 
for the move, which must soim t^ikeidiice. 
The wagon^s with th«nr supplies, will all be 
stationed with their respective corps during 
the next week or ten days. Three of tho 
wagons can go out on an hour's notice, 
sht)nld it be required. The hurry and lia- 
bility of l(»siug stores, shf>nld a move take 
l>laee, has decided mo to break up the 
stort house at (.'nlpe])per within a few days, 
•to be sabstitutt'd by the corps wagons, 
which shall be i>laced there immediately on 
the return of Col. Miihleek. 

It would be unnecessary for mo to parti- 
cularize any of the emph>yeesof the Com- 
mi-sit m under my charge, as ha\'ing done 
his w. uli well. All agents, stondvoep.^rs and 
teamsters, have at all tinier .showed a wil- 
lingness to carry (mt the objects of the 
Commissiini, which needs no .*<i>ecial com- 
mi'udiitiou. 

All having had a furlough, and none hav- 
ing any special cau.se of grievance, it is to 
be hoped that the work of the Sanitary 
C'ommi>sii>n in this army during the com- 
ing ca!n]miirn will compare well with that 
in t)thcr departments. 

■A- -k- * * "if ••' * 

On the'ilth instant the more serious cases 
from the ho-pitals of the id and od cori)s, 
bc::an to arrive at ]>randy Station, for ship- 
ment to Alexandria an«l Wa.shinirton. 

The ngi'Uts of the Sanitary C\)mmission 
attach*'.! t.) the 1st. 2.1, ;*..! and Oih corps, 
wiMv ]U'esent. and did good si-rvice in as.sist- 
ing the men from the ambulances to the 
cars. 

We not having suitald.^ api^ratus for 
cooking foed. in sulUcient ijuantity, in a 
short time, the lidie-i rciire^enting Maine 
and New York. Mrs. Taintcr and Mrs. Hus- 
band, made ajiplicativ'U at the storehouse 
for beefs:ock. crackers, tia and sugar, 
whiv'h Wire furnished them, and. with the 
a'ssistance of the Sanitary Commisa^ion, dis- 
tributed. 

Three luig trains, lo.idt d with «ck and 
wounded nun, were thereby juovided with 
a substanti.il meal. The beiii tit which they 
derived n'.ay be estimated, when it is known 
that \\\'-\ ha I breakiastod bet^Te d.iy break, 
and had'beeu conveyed ov.-r c>rduroy roads 
to the Station, and would not air rive at 
.Vlc\ indria ur.til nearly d:irk. In addition 
to the a^vne. a few bottles of stimulants 
wert» furnished to the Surge .nis who were 
to accunpany ilit m. o\\ their rupiisitions, 
which no lioibt proved vtM*y l>enf ticial. I 
havo ovorv rca;sou to believe from the 



The Sanitary Commimon BvHeUn. 



395 



kiiowq character of these Surgeons^ that the 
liquor was not nusappropriEited. 

On the f olio wit) g dij the eick of the Ifit 
and 6th corpB were retnoyed, uid they were 
supplied in the same manner, iis £if as lay 
in our power . 



SANITAET AFF.ilRS ON THE MISSIS^ 
SIPPL 

We have pnblieshed on another page a 
correspondence relative to the work per- 
formed by the Commksion at Memphis, 
and intended to illustrate the way in which 
very cironeous impresaions are constantly 
set afloat, often by the aJmissiou of a sin- 
gle unguarded expression in a letter or^ 
report. Hr. Carjieuter, our agent at that 
point, with the view of ehcdding stili fur- 
ther light on the general subject of the 
operations of the Commi^jsion in the West, 
oddreiGed a eireular to a number of sur- 
geons in the department, asking for their 
opiuLon. "We have annexed to Dr» Xew- 
berry'fi letter to the Cincinnati Commm-viul 
the reply received from one of tjiem, Sur- 
geon Couover of the 108th lUinoia. Those 
ot the others will reach, ue in due courHe. 
Mr. Carpenter bioiseif writes April 20th: 

I have the honor to report atfairs in this 
dep<irtDieat in the same quiet and favora- 
ble condition a^ at my last report, and the 
number of patients in hospitals and i»iek in 
campii without material change; there is 
ttill an increase of smaU-pox^ otherwise 
the classes of diseases remain the same, 

I received on the 31i*t of Marclj, of Dr. 
Warriner, per steamer Danleith, 323 bbk 
potatoes, 2lM> bbls, onions, 120 bbls. apples, 
100 bbls. kraulf 36 boxes shirts, drawers, 
4c., and 3 boxes fruit, which were a very 
aeawouable suiiply, and much needed. Ow- 
ing to the pressing call from the diflerent 
Burgeons in camps for vegetables^ — as scor- 
butic tendeudes were becoming generally 
manifest— I issued them immediately in 
the ratio of 10 bUa. potatoes, 5 bbls. on* 
ions^ and 2 bbla. kraut per regiment, for 
general distribution in the regiments, 
Bmall BS the supply was, its ameliorating 
effects are very marked, 

I have delayed my rejTOrt somewhat^ in 
order to be able to give some expression uh 
to th« Taluo of potatoes pickled in vinegar. 
I regret to say that it appears to be uni- 
verbally unfavorable, asi the men cannot be 
induced to make su^cient use of them to 
derive any marked benefit irom thcm^ the 
onion ia not subject to the same object ien, 
fts they would be eaten with avidity. 1 re- 
ed ved yesterday per steamer St. Cloud, 
from. Cincinnati, 7 bbk. onions, 2 bbls. 



dried fruit, 1 bbL crackers, 49 boxes iruit, 
■cordial, farina, &e.— from Cairo, 120 ^R 
potatoes, Kj bbla. onions, 83 bbls. and kegs 
pickled potatoes, 8ii boxes dry goods and 
fruit, which give us a very good assort- 
ment. We shall always ucoil a large ftap- 
ply of **a»t«bles*' herr, as oar hospital 
are situated so far from our markets, thai 
they have not the same facilities for mak- 
ing a ** fund " with which to supply needed 
delicacies^ as those farther North, where 
articles can be purchased at far li'ss cost, 
consequently will need to be supplemented 
quite exteasively by the CommiwJiion. W6 
need now especially a supply of ragB, liand- 
ageSj and more sheets^ the great im^rcase 
of small -pox cases, and the reception of 
wounded at this point, make a large sup- 
ply indispensable. 

We have also received a report from Dr. 
Warriner, ^Titten April loth, at Louisville, 
after his return from a gcucTid tour of in* 
spection. It will be seen that at that date» 
although the disaster to General Banks* 
expedition, of which we htive since received 
the news, was not anticipated, evury thing 
was ready at Yicksburg to follow it up with 
relief J whenever an emergency arose* Dr. 
Warriner saj's: 

I have just returned from the exiiedition 
toYicksbiirgand iutermediute mihtiiry poata 
in the Mis-sijssippi Department, whither I 
went in charge of a full cargo of sauitary 
stores, I distributed these according to 
need, to gunboats and garrisons, at all 
points occupied by Federal troops, leaving 
the great bulk of the cargo, of course, at 
the two point'*— Memphis and Vicksiiburg 
—where we wtill keep up our agencies, I 
have already informed you of the »uppUe« 
left at Memphis. The tpiantities reserved 
at Vicksburg were somewhat larger in re- 
spect of itU articles, except fresh apples, 
I found the.se were not likely to keep t>ufli' 
ciently well to justify their trausportatiou 
beyond Memphis, I left at Vicksburg 
some 700 bairels of vegetables, 200 barrefi 
kraut and pickled potatoes, 1,500 drawers, 
2,500 shirts, 2iX) comforts, lOO sheets, 50 
barrels dried fruit, and a goodly number 
of boxes of canned fruit, the quantity or 
condition of which I am not now able to 
give you with accuracy. 

The vegetables will be issued promptly 
and freely, by Mr. Way^ to regiments as 
well as hoijpitah. I left Vicksburg on tho 
5th inst. At that time the news from the 
Red Hiver espeditiou was ni eagre and do- 
void of special interest, a=i also of dt'linita 
indicatioua respecting future movemeuta. 

The Ked River was rising, and the gun- 
boats were piishiug on tjwarils Bhreveport, 

No decided encouutex -viVtk \X\^ ^-xiJtTCk^^ 
and no morktad iiniiiejn\&> \iwl o*iSixi3xe.^\>l 



396 



Tht Sanitary Commianon BvUktiiu 



lan(l,^)r water since tho capture of Fort de 
Ru^cy. Lnnd forces were advancing si- 
mtiltaiifnuKly with the gunboats, a large 
sick list was reported, and the day of my 
arrival at Vicksburg, tlie painful rumor of 
the loss of the hospital fiteamer Woodford, 
by a snug, wjis received. The rumor was 
beli(vc<l, although not made absolutely 
cortain at the time I left. No supplies had 
been sent of any kind from Vicksburg up 
to that f im<>. On that day the ** Ike Har- 
ris," an ocean going steamer, was seized by 
the (luartermaster, and sent to Fort do 
KuKsry to bring away contrabands. It 
only took the supplies necessary for the 
fiubsisti n('(^ of these on tho return voyage. 
Tlnrt^ uas understood to be a collection of 
1,500 of tlieni at that point. The Harris, 
from its structure, would be unable to go 
ui> lii^'licr than the Fort. There seemed 
to b(i no intention of sending supplies to 
the trnoj)s, either commissary or medical, 
without further orders. I considered the 
projuirty of attempting to reach the expe- 
dition with the Dunleith, and a goodly 
portion of her cargo, but decided adversely 
to it. 'riie boat itself was not adaptf d to 
such a t ri]). Its motive powers were feeble, 
and its capabilities of resistance and endu- 
ranc«', wlien assailed by rough weather, are 
shaky and uncertain. 

But, aside from this, the trip itself, with 
the b«'st ui facilities therefor, was not yet 
advis.ihh', as there was no information yet 
current or attainable that we would not 
moi'i tlui whole expedition on its return. 
Mr. Way, r\nd his assistants at Vicksburg, 
have all needful vigilance, fidelity, and en- 
teri)rise, an.l will go forward with stores 
wluinviT it becomes desirable and prac- 
tical)h» to d') so. 

I found al>r)ut 1,000 patients in general 
hospit il at Vicksburg, and twice the num- 
ber at Memphis. One half, or more, of the 
former are cases of small-pox. This is now 
the only disease displaying itself in an 
epidemic form in tho army. It has been 
terribly j)revaleut for many months at all 
points on tlie river, where there are either 
troops or inhabitan's. Yet there has been 
a sur|)risingly small number of deaths from 
it, takiii*^ this e2)idemic feature into ac- 
count, lb would seem as if the Beneficent 
Powers were determined that the whole 
army should have the disease, once for all, 
and so «(et through and beyond one great 
peril to its career, if not existence. One 
may al'iir)st believe that every man in the 
army h:is taken his turn, (who Wiis suscep- 
tible of the disease,) during the winter. 
There si^emed to be no decline to the epi- 
demic up to the time of my leaving, but 
the advancing heat of the season will, of 
cours(>, produce its accustomed results in 
checking it. 

I found the affairs of the Commission, at 
boih Jddmphia And Yioksborg, in a highly 



prosperous condition, and excellently irell 
managed. After the Ked River expc<iition, 
I imagine the sanitary work on the Missis- 
sippi, this side of New Orleans, will mate- 
rially decline. That is, shoidd that expe- 
dition ])rove a success, and no reverses be 
met with elsewhere on the river, of such 
magnitude as to call for the return of troops 
that have been removed to other depart- 
ments. 

We have received, though too late for 
insertion in this number, very full reports 
of the work performed by our agents in 
relieving the sick and wounded after the 
great battle. In the meantime, wo find 
the following general statement on the sub- 
ject in the correspondence of the New York 
Herald^ from New Orleans: 

Since the recent battles, Dr. Crane, of the 
Sanitary Commission; the Mayor, Capt Hoyt» 
Mr. Tucker, General Banks* private secretary, 
and other gentlemen, have worked indefatiga- 
bly day and night in gathering together and 
transporting stores to the sick and wounded. 

Before the news of the engagement arrived, 
upwards of three hundred boxes and barrels of 
clothing, \^ines, and delicacies for the sick were 
forwarded; and within an hour after intelli- 
gence had reached this city of a battle having 
been fought at Mount Pleasant^ fifty cases of 
lemons, A^ine, ice, ilc, were shipped on a des- 
patch boat for Alexandria; and since that time 
scarcely a boat has left this city for tho front 
without taking up large quantities of all neces- 
sary hospital supplies, delicacies, &c., for the 
sick and wounded. Ten or twelve agents of 
the (.Commission are now with the army. 

On Monday night last, a benefit was given at 
tho Varieties Theatre, in behalf of the Sanitaiy 
Commission, and a subscription hst opened at 
the box oflico. By this means upwards of two 
thousand dollars have already been subscribed. 



TUE CHRISTIAN COMMISSION AND THE 
SANITAUY COMMISSION. 

Tho following letters explain themselves: 

Akkapolu, MT).. ) 

AptAl Ut, 1864. ] 
llB. Wm. a. Hovet, 

U, S. Sanitary Commiuion^ 

My Dear Sib— I have just received your 
lettiT, and am exceedingly pained tliat the 
statement in the Philadelphia Inquirer of 
March 19th, should have arisen from any 
thiug I had written to Philadelphia. So 
far from detracting from tho good work of 
the Sanitary Commission at this point, and 
all others where I have labored during the 
war, I can say that they have done nobly, 
and promptly met the demands made upon 
them for stores in behalf of our soldiers. 



The Sanitary Commisdon BiiBetin. 



897 



The article in the Inquirer, I suppose, 
originated from ivhat I may have written 
about the presence of a member of the Sani- 
tary Commission in the Naval School Hos- 
pdtaL But, I assure you, I had no inten- 
tion of conveying the impression that your 
noble organization was not at work here. 
I am well aware that you have your agents 
on the flag of truce boat, and that frequent 
visits are made to this point by members 
of your Commission. You have always 
had a storehouse at this hospital, which is 
always filled with goods; and at Camp 
Parole you have several ladies, who are rep- 
resentjitives of your Commission. I trust 
that Mr. Knapp and yourself will not think 
that I intended to give the impression, that 
the Christian Commission was the only 
organization at this post Far from it; a 
wrong impression was received. 

Wherever I have been — on the Peninsula, 
at Antietam, Gettysburg, &c. — I have al- 
ways found the Sanitary Commission at 
work. We are both laboring in the same 
noble cause; we should rather help each 
other, than seem to lessen the good influ- 
ence which we would exert. 

I am, very truly and respectfully yours, 
J. O. Sloan. 

U. 8. Cbbiriah Ck>ifMn8Zoif , 

No. 11, Bane Street, 

Phttjidei.phia, AprU 1th, 1864. [ 
Kim H. D. WnxxAics, 

Ai;etU U. S. San, Orni., Camp raroJe, Md, 

It is with the greatest possible regret 
that I write, to correct a mistake into which 
we have been unfortunately led by infor- 
mation from Annapolis, to the effect that 
there was no agency of the Sanitary Com- 
mission in your place. 

We have received from Rev. J. O. Sloan, 
oar agent at Annapolis, in Naval School 
Hospital; also irom Rev. G. R. Brent, of 
Camp Parole, letters which speak in the 
strongest possible terms of your ** constant 
efforts to relieve the distressed ;" and espec- 
ially of your own labors, and those of Miss 
PhiUips. 

Rev. Mr. Sloan says: ** There has, un- 
doubtedly, been a wrong impression made 
at Philadelphia. I have corrected all, how- 
ever." 

I write to exonerate ourselves from the 
snspicion of having desired to cast even 
the slightest idea of disparagement upon 
the labors of the Sanitai^ Commission in 
Annapolis. The mistake on our part arose 
from entirely wrong information. 

Will you pardon our mistake, and accept 
this poor apology, with our kindest regards 
and good wi^es for your success. 

W. E. BOABDMAN, 

Sec, U. S. C. C. 

OnXBAX. H0IPR4L, TUXXAHOKA, TEKH., ) 

January 29, 1864. } 

My lyuM Db. Bjuj>— It is farthest from 



my wish to array our two organizations, 
having a common good at heart, one against 
the other; but it seems to me that the pub- 
lic mind needs, in some respects, to be in- 
structed as to the best means of doing ^ood 
in the army. There are at present two 
great organizations in the country, having 
this great end in view, viz., "The U. S. 
Sanitary Commission," and the ** Christian 
Commission." Having, as you know, had 
a somewhat extensive experience during 
the past twenty-eight months, the most of 
that time on the ''front," where aid has 
been most needed, and having seen and 
felt the practical workings of both bodies, 
I trust I may be pardoned, if, in a spirit of 
kindness, I point out what appears to me 
** to be an error" in one, contrasted with 
the more instructed experience of the 
other. The Sanitary Commission was in- 
stituted to supply, in part, and as supple- 
mentary to the services of the Medical 
Corps, the wants of the tick and wounded 
of the army, which, from the nature of the 
case, the General Government could not 
always do. This it has done, and is doing, 
to an extent never before known in the 
history of war. All the patriotism and 
benevolence of the people has been aroused, 
and they have poured upon tlie army the 
full stream of their bounty, trusting to the 
integrity and wisdom of the U. S. Sanitary 
Commission to distribute it. And well has 
it fulfilled the trust. At the outbreak of 
the rebellion, there were misgivings among 
the people, on the one hand, and the army, 
on the other, lest these bounties should be 
misapplied; but the day of such evil fore- 
bodings has gone by. I am free to confess, 
that, on the part of the Medical Depart- 
ment of the army, there was a fear lest it 
and the Sanitary Commission should come 
in collision; but the Commission adopted 
the only true and safe course, which was 
** to issue their supplies on the requisition 
of surgeons, and leave them to use them as 
the exigencies of the case might demand." 
The wisdom of this course has been fully 
established, the Sanitary Commission ac- 
knowledging ** that those having the im- 
mediate charge of the sick being the only 
proper judges of what was best for them to 
have," and the Medical Department, in 
''looking to the Sanitary Commission as 
a fountain whence the wants of the sick 
could be supplied," In this way a mutual 
esteem and confidence has beeu establish- 
ed, and the two now work together har- 
moniously. The Christian Commission, if 
I understand it, was instituted to supply 
the "religious and moral wants of the 
army." So far as it has confined itself to 
this work, the surgeons, whether of regi- 
ments or in charge of hospitals, have been 
ready to extend the hand of welcome, as\<3^ 
aid the agents ot tVid hoq\«V^ \\iVXi^\t '''' ^^-^ 
and laboT ot lo^eV^ \>\i^^\vsa \\y^ ^j^vote 



398 



The Sanitary Commiasion BtdleHfL 



come into hospitals, and propose to issue 
articles of diet to "this man,'* or **that 
mail, ' it becomes the duty of the surgeons 
to ])♦• linn, and hay, ** No one is competent 
to jiid^'o JUS to what is fit and proper for the 
sick or convalescent to have, but the medi- 
cal olliccr having them in especial charge." 
It is but a few days since that an agent of 
ihi- Christ ia'i Commission, whom I can but 
esteem for his lionesty of purpose, and his 
zeal for the welfare of soldiers, came to this 
li<jsj)it'il, and reijuested the privilege of 
Riviii{< to various individuab?, sick in the 
liosj»it:il, articles of diet which had been 
coijIkIimI to him. I was obliged to say to 
him, " Sir, we do not know one man from 
an<>tln r; neither you nor I are competent 
to jml^e what is proper in any individual 
case. That must bo left to the judgment 
of the medical officer in charge of tlie 
wards ; he knows every indiWduid case. 
L» !ive the things you have to distribute 
with the steward. They will then go into 
tlu" eommissiirics* room, and the att<^nding 
fiur^'«'oij will order them on the diet table, 
day by day, as they are needed." He did 
not '• see it in that light," and nothing was 
left. It should be understood **that no 
articrles of diet for the sick can or should 
b(^ distributed, any more than an outsider 
could come into a hos|)ital and prescribe 
medicines." Let the people at home pour 
their benefactions into the general store, 
to b(» use<l as wisdom and experience shall 
dictate, and hit them send their agents into 
the field to do their moral and spiritual 
work; then there will be no clashing, and 
the temporal i:nd moral wants of the army 
will be Mip])li<'d. 

i'ours truly, 

Bkkjamin Woodward, 

Surgeon in Charge, 



TIIF. DLSTRIBUTION OF STOIIES. 

Stevenson, Ala., Feb. 25, 1864. 
Dn- A. N. Rktid: 

1)i:aii Siu — Day ])efore yesterday, when 
your letter came,*! was absent at Lookout 
in scanh of relics, and yesterday tliere was 
no mail to Nashville, so my letter will not 
reaeh vou as soon asex2)ected. Late letters 
fiom Nashville are not as long in coming as 
otii(Us were two years since. 

All the stor(,*s sent from Louisville for the 
Ilome and for me, also tho.sc from Mr. 
Jones, have cr)nie to hand in good ccmdi- 
tion. I would have been glad to receive a 
gn\iter amount of stimulants, if you had 
had them to spare, as every requisition 
asks more or less. Wines especially are in 
demand, and at this season of the year the 
sour native wines are particularly suitable 
to the relaxed condition of the system. 

Your remarks in regard to misapplication 
of sanitary stores, and the care desirable in 
their distribution, are very just and neces- 
BMjj, I will send oat to aU the hospitalB, 



from which issues are made from this post, 
circulars similar to the one in pamphlet 
for the signatures of private soldiers, and 
will, as far as possible, visit the hospitals 
myself, or send some person to collect the 
desired testimony. My own observations 
lead me to conclude — 

1st. That the amount of sanitary stores 
consumed by sanitary agents, given by 
them in reciprocation of ofiScial courtesy, 
or directly misapplied, is infinitesimal. 

2d. That the favors received by officers 
are very few, and the amount of stores con- 
sumed by officers so small as to be scarcely 
appreciable. 

3d. That there is sometimes misapplica- 
tion of s ores by surgeons and hospital at- 
tendants, but by no means to the extent 
supposed, or to such a degree as to prevent 
the vast bulk of the stores from reaching 
the sick. 

The first conclusion needs scarcely any 
explanation. The Sanitary Commission is 
dependent at every i>ost for its successful 
operations upon the courtesy of the oflicers, 
and they have it in their power to render a 
thousand-fold for all the favors they receive. 
I think the course of proceeding of agents 
in such cases is uniform, but the amount of 
stores thus expended is too slight for men- 
tion. Few officers i*eceive favors directly 
from the Commission, and never to the 
neglect of privates. At Kelly's Ferry I 
never accommodated well men to the ne- 
glect of the sick, or officers to the neglect 
of privates. Of the officers who stopped 
with me, I think I am safe in saying scarcely 
a dozen had ever received a mejd at the 
ex2Jenso of the Sanitary Commission, or 
who would be so situated as to receive a 
similar favor again. It shows a great dis- 
regard for t^uth to say that the Commis- 
sion is a **good thing for the officer," 
when the aggregate of officers favored is so 
small. 

I could have collected an abundance of 
the evidence from privates, which you de- 
sire, at the Feriy, but my oj>portunities 
now are not so good. Must close now as 
the train is coming. Will write more to- 
morrow. Cannot send, quite yet, amount 
and list of seeds. 

Yours, very truly, 

Wm. a. Sutijpfe. 



VEGET.VBLES -VEGETABLES— VEGE- 
TABLES. 

BiNooozj), Oa.. AprU 4. 1864. 
Mx. D. Bahtlbtt, 

Agent Sanitary Commission: 

Sir — The 28 barrels of potatoes, 4 bar- 
rels of kraut, and 1 barrel of sliced pota- 
toes, (in vinegar,) which you sent to be dis- 
tributed to the men of the Ist Bri^^ade, 3d 
Division, 14th A. 0., have been received and 
distributed. 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin, 



399 



Permit me to express my thanks in be- 
half of the brigade for this liberal supply 
of vegetables. 

ITo vef/etitbles except those received from 
the S* mi tart/ Commission, have been issued 
for several months. 

In consequence of our brigade not being 
supplied with vegetables, we have had a 
good many cases of scurvy, and a scorbutic 
tendency in almost all of our diseases. For 
about a month before we left Chattanooga, 
▼e were supplied very liberally with vege- 
tables by the Sanitary Commission, and the 
result was, a rapid improvement in almost 
every case of sickness. There were a good 
many eases of diarrhea, in which medicine 
would do no good, but which a few meals 
of kraut would cure — ^thus showing that it 
was change of diet rather than medicine, 
that was needed. 

Our brigade is now in a very healthy con- 
dition, although there is some tendency to 
scurvy still manifest. I attribute in a great 
measure, the present healthy condition of 
the brigade, to the liberal supply of vege- 
tables from the Sanitary Commission. We 
are now camped in a healthy location, with 
plenty of good water, and if we can have 
vegetables to issue with the rations now 
supplied by the Government, there is no 
reason why our brigade should not remain 
in healthy condition. 

I hope" therefore, you will be able to 
supply us with vegetables, so that we can 
issue them to the men at least once a week. 
The old saying, " that an ounce of pre- 
ventive is worth a pound of cure," is very 
applicable to the army, for it certainly is 
much better to supply the men with proper 
food, to prevent their getting sick, than it 
is to supply them with both food and medi- 
cine to cure them after becoming sick, and 
lose their ser^'ices at the same time. 

Yours, truly, Josiah D. Colton, 

Surg. 921 R^gt. O. V. I., 
Act. Sur. UtBrig. 'M Div., Uth A. C. 



ONIONS FOR THE SOLDIERS. 

A COUNTBT OmL TO COUNTRy OIBLS AND BOYS. 

Not long since I heard a soldier say that 
soldiers like onions; that he hud, at one 
time, paid twenty-five cents for an onion. 
Onions are good for soldiers, and many of 
them crave them. You and I don*t, maybe; 
we like them only a long way off; but the 
soldiers do. Down in a corner of our gar- 
den, behind the bushes, in what I recognize 
from surroundings as a long neglected cor- 
ner — a spot unoccupied save by our dogs, 
who have considered it their own peculiar 
play-ground, and from which our boy has 
taken many a load of bones of their strew- 
ing — ^I see, in vision, the morning sun gleam 
brightly on rows of tiny green blades; and, 
as I look, the rows seem to form themselves 
Into finf6ftt characters, whichpresently I see 
SM^ roB THB SouHMBS. Eienoeforth, for 



this season, at least, that bone- strewed plot 
has a nobler destiny. The vision shall be 
realized. The dogs must seek another play- 
ground; this spot is to bear onions for the 
soldiers. Where now is stiff sod, shall in- 
deed be mellow soil, where onions may take 
to themselves size and sap and odor. In 
due time the gi*een tops may flavor soup 
for the Home Guard; but every bulb lying 
concealed in the dark mould shall be sacred 
to such as have seen actual service. Never, 
since exiled Israelites landed and highed 
for the leeks and onions of Egypt, has there 
been so great a gloritication of the odorous, 
tear-provoking bulb, as there shall be in this 
garden corner. 

This sounds well, say you; but talking 
breaks no bones, and that frozen sod is not 
broken yet for those onion beds. You're 
right. When the barrel, (or shall it only 
be barrel?) containing them shall have been 
directed to theU. S. Sanitary Commiesion, 
will be a better time for talking of these 
onions of mine. But just one word to you, 
girls and boys. Have you a neglected cor- 
ner in your garden, in your yard, or a place 
hitherto given to the cultivation of flowers 
only? That patch is not yours, I beg leave 
to inform you. The soldier has a mortgage 
on it. W^aste soil is not to be tolerated 
about our homes, in these times, and the 
tulip, though a lovely ministrant, must give 
2)lace to a root which may be put to nobler 
uses. Dear friends, can't you, won't you 
work these spots for the soldiers? Think! 
for any slight weariness we shall so sufl'er, 
they have known the hard endurance, the 
wear of long marches; for every drop of 
oozing sweat while bending at our toil, the 
crim.son life-current streams from them for 
country, for home, that ice may.have tliem. 
Let us give freely what we can to those who 
are giving life, some of them, for us. 

Glancing over a newspai)er, my eye falls 
upon a statement that in the Army of the 
Cumberland there is much suffering for 
want of vegetables. In several regimints 
scurvy has broken out; and an urgent ap- 
peal is made to the Sanitary Cum mission 
lor vegetables. Should eaeli of us country 
girls and boys furnish a buslit^l, even, of 
vegetables — we won't insist upon tlie onions 
from all, if some of you prefer i^otatoes for 
your peculiar patch — and put them all to- 
gether, those from each village sending 
their barrels— how the barrels would roU 
in? This seems humble work for some of 
us, does it? No work for country is mean; 
no work for its defenders is mean. Let us 
pledge ourselves, girls and boys, that we 
will do what we can, and that with the 
enthusiasm with which we pieced together, 
and flung out to the breeze, our first mini- 
atures of the **Dear Old Flag," in the be- 
ginning of these strange times, when it is 
defended from these whom iiViAS^ «>^\!^Tij(^ 
sheltered. — The Independent. 



400 



The Sanitary Commission BiJletin. 



THE LEGISLATURE OF WISCONSIN AND 
THE COltMlSSlON. 

Kes'ilutioiis iniTodiiceil by Mr. Hiibbell 
wore ;i.lui»ti'il, OS follows: 

A* •-/>'"/, That the U. S. Sanitary Com- 
mi-i^ii'M fonimeiids itself to the good will 
ftiiil LtMily BupiJortof this Legialatnre. ami 
th.it \vr' hereby testify on behalf of the sol- 
iliiTs an I iKHjpte of Wiaoonsip^ to tlie coui- 
pr.'hoii-ive b^neirolence of it principleR. 
aa I tU»' i-lli 'I ?ncy of its plaos as a means of 
pr*»mitiu;< he welfare of the army. 

AV-'j '>-'/. That wo espivnally value the 
nation ility of its views, by which all our 
sjMur-i, with'tut distinction of place or 
race, are rtgarded as U. S. soldiers, and 
tre:U.'.l as s-.u.'U in all respects. 

R-s *>•»/. Tiiut the Ladies* Aid Societies 
of Wi-;.»n>iu, aA-ting as they do, in co-ope- 
ratlou with the U. S. Sanitary Commission, 
are heiirtiiy eomtn ended to the continurd 
supT) -It of'oi people, as the most aui able 
triimt iri.vs hrough which the contributiona 
of Wis -onsin niiy Bud their way to tho hos- 
pitals :«ud Oiiuips o the army 

A\s 'r-''/. That he fidelity and generosity 
with whi^'h the eflorta of the U S. Sanitary 
Comoii^jion have been s i"^*- iin 1 bv citi- 
z.-ns of this State, and especially by its 
noblt.' and p.it-i -*? - tinmen, is worthy of tho 
hiij'host commendatitm. 

HOMES .\ND LODGES. 

Wt- h^ve ropjrts from the following Homes 
and L«)Llyt;s: 

^Iempbis. 

At ili> Lodjic at M-.»mphis, during the four 
we-^k-s •■'.! liiii; April 3d, thu-ix- have been almit- 
to I Lit \ iii-.n. fi"'MU tw»'nly-two States— m:ikiu,L» 
ail avVr.i r V- -^^^y '■'" ' ' 1 " *'' * lod.^in-^H h i\v 
b-ii p:"vi U« I. Hud h>>'V-i meals; transportation 
hits b,-m procured for 104. 
CAir.0. 

Til? r^p''»rt from tho Soldier's Home at 
Cairo, is a^* fo'.l »ws: 

11. :i i\ iiu'U have been admitted -making an 
avor.L" *'f L»U5 p-r diy: 'ii.SJi meals have 
been ^;ivi»u, aul 7.70-4 Uul^in^^s, 

Nashville. 
.\t thf So^di^^r's ili>ijie m Nashville, during 
tin* m-iiith iy( March, 5,fM7 m*n have boen a-.U 
mitt.sl. from Iw^ntjf-three St^t^s; ll,7.ri m-Mls 
and 4.i:i'U)d;imgshaTa he-n pivcn; tr.msp.^r- 
tation h.H \y-i.'ii procMirod for 3.71*2, anil $ JO. - 
22"».-- have bfen drawn, and paid over to lUS 
men. 

LoUIS\'lLLE. 

The I^eliof A^^nt of the Kentucky Branch of 
tho U. S. 0., n*port« as f«»llows: 

From the Home at Louisville, number of 
rations Hi«rvpl durinq the two tirst weeks of 
March. M M^ number of lodginijr* durin;:; tb-j 
same time. 7.181 The Agent says: the buM- 
ness of the Home, in the way of providing for. 
and accommodating soldiers, has inoreased 



steadily, and judging from the demaada of ths 
past weik, bids fair lo <^mtinua to increase. 
Brasher Cirt 
At the Home at Briwhear City, during ths 
two first weeks of March. CiS uoldiers have been 
received: 1,641 meals and 415 lodgings, haw 
been given. 

DETSorr. 

Tho report for the month of February, of ths 
Soldier's Best, at Detroit, :. Ihit- 

6;W soldiers have been MmltteLl; and 3,374 
meals and 740 lodgingti, have been given- 

CjUIF NsLJ50SI 

Mr. Butler, our Agent a* Camp Nelson, re- 
ports for the fifteen day- fntli ^ hirch 31: 

March c )m:nen'icd* ew.io.lincyly wintry, a 
heaw and onntinuDUS storm of snow came with 
it, makim; Camp Nelson, and I pre-iume sundiy 
oth- r ] , ' iv miserable and dangerous, 

without A nhelter 

The buildings were bv this time so liur com- 
pleted, that when the bed-s:wks rrive I whi<a 
ihey did on the mornint^ of March l<\ a l*rgo d*- 
tuilofeuergotio soldiers prv»pire.l ^^^ H^Tue 
fo the reception of 2i»J m *n. who would other- 
wise have hiid no shelter from fae intensely in- 
cl ment weaiher 

The Home would not h:ive boon opened so 
early, hod not the sudlcu r.»t'irn of winter 
forced every door opan* and filled mo<t of the 
b-.lM ^f>r every portion of it was in.Mmplete, 
and n thu handi of Iho mechanics. The hasty 
op*^nmi? WAS, however a m^tt^^r of neoeaiity, for 
not only were the healtli and comfort of 260 
men in jeopardy hu their verj- lives. 

With tho eiceptiou of a f».v diys when the 
Homii wa*b..4a^ completed, the in.)uth has been 
fall of iaioreatvu:^ libor^ t>us. unl I hive rw- 
s >:i 1 1 kn w of mu^h pro:it t^ th* s il li-^rs who 
hivo sojourned with us. Diria^ this rninth, 
ApriV I trust that the Hunc will h^ finished 
iu evory p.irticulaft and i i J u ? in f i -ilitios for 
tho comfoft and cU^riUa ^ ^ ''<\i'^ r+.u itof^. 

Daring thi U^i tiO^ -t 1 ^ '^ <^f "^A-ch. we fur- 
nishjl: l.vdjriu:;s. 1.810: iu-'aI*, 5 Gia-eom- 
prisiu.; a toLd for the m vith of .Vi,\rch, of lodg- 
in^i. 3.057 meiila> I6»yjl . 

\ griivH chani^e has tak -n pi w? in thu Camp 
during i\\? last m'^ntk Tliy inn 'usj busmess 

and tho diilv influx of sir.i!i,'.^rs, which oaoe 
wn KO i;re:it, have d»pirtcl. le.ivin? Camp 
N.k m oomp vatively d.ill. an I sh >ra of its im- 
putiuc*. Tha Ion- tra.'H oi w.i. • m-i, trans- 
pirti-tt^t Goveniineir srore-i ti tho front, have 
alm>4t entirely disappearel: n\<\\ a larj;e pro- 
p )rrii>n of multifarioii * vmi^v' tho Camp. 

Th^ chin-e ha^ b-en « d .iMMtrous 

ti s^jver-il euterpri.^e^ bo'.h inili: iry and civil — 
! 1 inu^ th^ fature charaJtor of th.> C.vnp unset- 
lb- I :i:i 1 unknown. 

Til.* h i^pit.ds are still ia fill operation. Dis- 
e li 'in its lu >st inaU.,'U:vi*. sliip •*. is u lusually 
rii-. c i-<-^ ui .^iiriu pn^. I" ^ ^- - ' **'^ * f'vjfj pre- 
v.iil m )ro thanevur, and results aro uncommon- 
Iv f.ual. .. . ^ ^ .^. 

' Tho hospitals throusjh this district, notwith- 
standing what the llospitd Fan I is oipected 
til d .». are very needy. SaTTorin^, in a vanety ox 
characters, makes freqnont c*lls upon us. 

There is any amount of work. Wa noed 
materiaL 



The Sanitary Commission BvRetin. 



401 



WORK OF THE STATISTICAL BU REAU. 

Immediately after the first battle of Bull Run, 
(July 2l8t, 1861,) a number of inspectors were 
tent out to ascertain the coudition of the troops 
that took part therein, before, during, and after, 
the I'Ugagementj and to investigate the caasea 
which gave rise to the sudden panic among the 
men, which, it is believed, resulted in their de- 
feat. The facts thus collected were arranged 
mod tabulated in this office, and a report of the 
results deduced therefrom published (see appen- 
dix Doc. 40). 

CAMP INSPECTIONS. 

About the end of July, 1861, the Commission 
adqpted a system of Camp Inspections, for the 
duties of which a number of Inspectors were 
appointed. 

Among the subjects into which they were di- 
rected to inquire, and to report thereon, were 
the character of camp hites as to elevation, and 
their liability to malarial influences; drainage 
and policing of camp; ventilation of tents and 
quarters; cleanliness of men; quality of food 
and water; system of cooking generally em- 
ployed; quality and sufficiency of clothing of 
men; management of field hospitals; sufficiency 
of medical supplies; sickness and mortality of 
troopa, ^.. &c. In short everything that affect- 
ed the health and discipline, and consequently the 
efficiency, of the men was to be noted, the atten- 
UoQ of the officers directed thereto; and advice 
otTered, and raggestions made, whenever in the 
opinion of the inspectors, the ignorance of the 
ofBcem, medical or otherwise, of sanitary laws, 
rendered it necessary. 

Of these inspections we have received up to 
date 1,463 (representing 8G0 organizations). 

Number received in 1861 555 

" " •♦ 1862 547 

•* " " 1863 361 

These returns are subje'ited to three processes 
of tabulation. Fint^ on preliminary sheets, for 
oar own facility as office reference, and also to 
enable us to give such general information in re- 
gard to the location and military status of each 
regiment as may bo proper. 

Secondly, in a condensed form, where the con- 
dition, individually and collectively, of twelve 
regiments, in regard to the information required 
by inspectors, (Doc. 19 a.) is seen at a glance; 
and the information thus presented may be readi- 
ly made use of as the Commii^^ion may see fit in 
correcting such abuses as come within the ob- 
tervation of the Inspectors, and in improving and 
ameliorating the condition of the soldier gen- 
ermlly. 

Thirdly, on a State register, where all the 

Yoxi. L— No. 18. 26 



questions, embodied in Doc. 19 a, are arranged 
under their respective heads, so as to give a 
monthly summary of replies, obtained thoreto 
by our Inspectors, of the regiments of each State, 
visited by them ; these arc; again presented by 
groups of States ; and finally, a grand aggregate, 
showing the total number of replies, or items of 
information, collected from all the organizations 
in the U. S. service, visited by our Inspectors 
during each month. 

There have been recorded on the State register 
up to date about 700 returns, leaving still about 
763 to be entered thereon. 

The resulis to be obtained from the facts re- 
corded in this register, will be of inestimable 
value in determining and reducing to a scientific 
basis, those general laws by which future mili- 
tary operations shall be governed, in regard to 
the economy of human life. Indeed this value 
has already been recognized, from the favor 
with which certain partial results, derived from 
facts collected in the inspection of the first 200 
regiments, and embodied in Doc. 40, were re- 
ceived by statisticians and scientific men, not only 
in the United States, but also in France and Eng- 
land. 

HOSPFTAL STATISTICS. 

In the summer of 1862, we copied from the 
records of the Surgeon Generals Office, the con- 
solidated reports of hospitals (including those of 
a few g(>neral hospitals) of the diflferent depart- 
ment(>. as Ut as they had been received. They 
all possess more or less value, according to the 
accuracy and consistency of each monthly re- 
port, one with another. In determining the ave- 
rage duration of treatment; ratio of deaths to 100 
cases treated; ratio of sickness to 1,000 mean 
strength, and numbers furloughed, discharged 
and deserted. The reports of hospitals in the 
West are a great deal more incomplete than 
those in the East. The value of this data will 
be of use in giving approximating estimates of 
the number of men treated, in all the hospitals 
of the United States, regimental and general or 
otherwise, since the commencement of the war. 

GAIN AND LOSS, SICKNESS AND MORTAUTIT, FIRST 
FIFTEKN MONTHS OF THE WAR. 

Another source for the collection of data is the 
Adjutant Genera l-s Office. 

The facts obtained there are of the first value, 
whether we consider thnm with regard to their 
vastness. or to the gradually increasing regular- 
ity of their returns, by which previous error is 
readily detected, and a greater accuracy se- 
cured. 

In the beginning of April, 1862, we set to 
work to determine the sickness and mortality of 



402 



Tht Sanitary Commiasion BtiRetin. 



tliij whiile armj, from the beginairig t>f the war, 
lo th<f lim^j the Irwi telurn? had h<?cn rtcfiTeil Ku 
ibc Adjutant GeatrarB Office. The roUi from 
fcblcli ihi-nere^uUg^prc to bo etidtSMl, ar^ ibe 
returan (*f g^jji ^ad \o^^ of each regtmctit, 
tiftajilly made out by the Adjutfint, and euppoM-d 
to be ri>rwnriif;d raontblj to Ibe Offlc; pf the Ad- 
jutant «etn=rfll. At firet tbej weru irregular nod 
incorniilsk- but 9A time elapwd, and Iheir 
kn^th tif ftiTvice increawd, tb« ofllcerB gradually 
Jiwaktincd to a eenae of their dutU-B, and ibe re- 
turnft Carol* in more aod more regularly; until 
DOW irn-cularity iu theif trunsmlselon ia perbapa 
ralbcr the i-xctplion tbaa tbe rule. 

CotiMni-iichig wttb JuQC, ISCI, we exbaufited 
all the T^dU received ia |bf> office from Ibut time 
uplo, una ineludiiig Augu*t, lM2'-a period of 
fllt^pn moDtha— and comprises over 2,400 reporta 
from the difTtfrent organ JssftiioPB in tbc aorvlcc. 

Tbe collLction of tbii vant quautUy of facta; 
thoir flrrai)f^('meDt by States tDil by groups of 
Btatte; aud ibdr clai^aincAlioji by m on lbs and 
•caflodt*^ togeiber witb a largu u umber of otber 
combiriaUoiin, winch are always augge^ted to the 
inquiring mind oflbe statistician, r«iuirL*d the 
coJJulant Bf'rvjceB of one clerk for over nix 
monthK. U ha« been tBtimatfd that tbc deduc- 

oDPitbufl obtained, iavolrcd orer one mlUlon 
Ugures. 

Tb« r**»^uU« eltcU(jd from Ibc above ^ in relation 
to tbe lir-t nine montbs of the war, iJune, IStll. 
to March, U^2,) havej been publisbudp with lUui- 
Irativt^ didj^rama [Doc. 46}. 

Iti lb 1b pamphlet are given ibe annuiil mortal- 
ity rales cif Ibe volunteer army by seatioiw and 
by r link, a I id by I oca lion whence recruited ; ibo 
aoni^Uiit tijcknita rates of the ttrtny EaE?t and 
Wc^t; til id jilflQ comparitoos between the sick- 
nc^ aud mortality of the troops in the East and 
thoei^ in the We^t^ Kbi borate eompitrl^ona ore 
likcwihe J UB I ill! ted bt'tweep ibe sickne&a and mor- 
talily of Ibii prt-eent voluutecr anoy, and otir 
army ut d liferent other period:* of our history^ 
parileulm ly that engaged in the Mexican cam- 
paign; and aij'O wilb the British army at va- 
riDuH pi.riu<l?i— and more especially duriag th<3 
PeniriRuhir and Crimean campaignik 

It ha:^ 111 so elalri>rate calculatieui^, liaaed on 
tbee*.* reining, (ib owing I he rate of rccruUing ne* 
ceJ^ary to supply gisfn ionr^rg from mortality, 
discbarj^KH. dej^ertii^n^, and other cattfteB; aud aho 
ibowii);: lht> nnmlur of ineu rrqulrtd to k'.ep op 
a. gioen tott^hknt force of 4_ff active JiH^n, when a 
jfimvi jift ctnidfie of mt*n are con^tuutly piek. 

fl J Y S I O I X>C J I C A 1 - KX A 31 1 X ATI 0\P rif- t?OLL> JE n "»- 

En jLiuuiiry* IHG^. w(! annnvniCiid thu social and 
phyMijJi'KCi^^ ^'^^'"^"^^'*^^ of ^Idicri^; and ^i nee 
Ltiea have been comtantlj rceeiviiig, and con- 



tinue to receiver these returns firoin our ageDti, 
Meftsrs. Buckky andTairchild. The former bat 
conflicd himself exoluaively to tbe examination 
and moaaureniGot of Union aoldiers^ and Ibe let- 
ter baa been similarly employed on rebel ioldfeit 
at Point Lookout T c namber of indlTidaal 
examination returns received up to date la« of 
Union Boldlers, 4,(178, aud of rebels, 1,970— mak' 
ing in all ^MB returni. 

These we tabulate as they come In, distingulah- 
ing those in neual good health from thoao suffer^ 
Ing from disease, exhaustion or otber wi^. 

Bt^ing fully Imprefflcd with tbe great value of 
tbU work in establiabing com pari sons between 
the pbyisical, sociaU and moral condttioii of 
northern eoldiera, wilh those of tbe ponth; and 
between both and those of European armies wa 
bavi> succeeded in placing the aggregat<^ facia tn 
aa forward a Jt^tate as possible, £o that results 
may be deduced therefrom with comparativelj 
little delay and trouble. 

TBK INFLIIENOE OF MIUTART LlfB tM MIK Of DIF- 

FtiaKNT A ass. 
Another subject of investigation Is to aficertala 
the average age of the soldiers of the volunteer 
Btrvice, by States; to find out what ages prtdom- 
inate in the national army; and through ibeM 
meaa!«r by conuec;ttng them with other facta, to 
df^termlne th^ nil alive efficiency of men In actlre 
military life, at difTer^nt ages. 

With regard In the average age of the volnii- 
leerSf we are now engagtrd in col lee ting all tlia 
available data in the Adjutant General*^ Office 
on Ibis point, and have compkted thai of 
the soldieri of tbc following thirteen States^ 
namely : 

MttJQC, New Jersey, 

New Hampshire, Peon sy I v aula, 
Vermont, Maryland, 

Ebode Island, IlHnoif, 

Maefiachueeita Iowa. 

Conut^ctlcutr and 

New York. California. 

We have thus far inv est! gated the recordt of 
about DOO organizations or bodies of Iroopn, in- 
volving tue cxiimi nation of 1U,UOO muater rolli^-' 
representing ao aggregate force of nearljr 
800,00 U men. 

There yet remain to be examined, in order 
that each State may be represeuteil, the rolla of 
sixteen 5 tat en and Territories, betide tho difl*r- 
ent State and United States^ orgaui^atlotis of oo- 
tored troops. 

In regard to the ciuei^tionf as to the relative ef- 
ficiency of men in active (service at differeufc 
ages, tbe difficulty of obtnlnlag data for iU dia- 
camion, makes it not an easy matter to concln- 



The Sanitary Ccmmiasion Bulletin. 



403 



rively determiDe. The only available informa- 
tioQ. likely to throw light od tliis subject, was 
derived from records of deaths and burials, now 
being collected and recorded, ander the official 
management of Brigadier-General Rucker. As 
these records are received, entries are made on 
a large roister, of the name of the deceased sol- 
dier, bis age, regiment, and cause of death; to- 
gether with such other information as will ren- 
der it not only a means of future identification, 
bat also a document of considerable historic 
value. 

Having obtained permission to make such use 
of the facts contained therein as we saw fit, we 
exhausted all the information relating to the 
age of the soldier, and the cause of death. 
Somewhat over 2,000 deaths were recorded. 

The results seemed to indicate that the mor- 
tality was le$8 between the ages of eighteen and 
twenty, than between twenty and twenty-five, 
but greater than among those of twenty-five 
and thirty-five. 

Whether the faG\s obtained from the records 
of 2,000 men arc suflScient to establish a question 
of such scientific importance, it is difficult to 
say; we understand, however, that they have 
been considerably increased since then. We know, 
also, that Mr. Elliot, previous to his departure 
for Europe, was about to make arrangements for 
the collection of data from other sources, and in 
solBcient quantity, to enable us to arrive at con- 
clusive results on this point. 

PENSIONS. 

We have likewise collected from time to time, 
such other statistics of the volunteers, as were 
afforded by the rolls in the Adjutant General's 
Office, such as, nativities, occupations, heights, 
complexion, color of hair, eyes, &c. The number 
of men of whom we have obtained such descrip- 
tions is 69.000— of whom 18,000 are drafted men 
and substitutes; and the number of rolls ex- 
amined, to get at this information, was at least 
5.000. In these descriptions are comprised sol- 
diers of the following States, namely: 
Maine, New Jersey, 

New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, 



Vermont, 
Rhode Island, 
Massachusetts, 
Connecticut, 
New York. 



Maryland, 
Illinois, 
Iowa, 

Indiana, and 
Minnesota. 



As the rolls from which these facts are de- 
rived, are constantly being received, the work of 
collecting them may be prolonged indefinitely. 

SFFBCra OF LONG MABCUBS AND IMPBOPER FOOD ON 
TUB HEALTH OF TUB UfiN. 

Sooo after the battles of Grettysburg, another 



subject of investigation was entered upon. This 
was to ascertain the effect of long marches and 
improper or insufficient food, on the health of 
the men who took part in the engagement. 

For the purpose of collecting the necessary 
facts to aid in its discussion, forms (J, Jl, & 
J2) were prepared, and given to Inspectors with 
such instructions, in relation to their collection, 
as should render the information to be obtained 
of greater value. 

We have received up to date 141 of these re- 
turns, (Dr. Swalm 50, Dr. Winslow 69, and Dr. 
Fairchild 25,) which we have arranged, classi- 
fied and tabulated; and which await scientific 
analysis, to elicit just and correct conclusions in 
relation to the subjects under discussion. 



IN THE HOSPITAL. 

BY THB AXJTHOB OF " A BAINT DAT IK CAMP." 

S. S , a Massachusetts Sergeaot, worn 

out with heavy marches, wouuds and camp 

disease, died in General Hospital, in 

November, 1863, in "perfect peace." Some 
who witnessed daily his wonderful sweet 
patience and content, through great languor 
and weariness, fancied sometimes they 
"could already see the brilliant particles 
of a halo in the air about his head. " 

I lay me down to sleep. 
With little thought or care. 

Whether my waking find 
Me here — or Thebe ! 

A bowing, burdened head. 

That only asks to rest, 
Unquestioning, upon 

A loving Breast. 

My good right-hand forgets 

Its canning now — 
To march the weary march 

I know not how. 

I am not eager, bold. 
Nor strong— all that is past: 

I am ready not to do 
At last — at last ! 

My half- day's work is done, 

And this is all my part; 
I nve a patient God 

My patient heart. 

And grasp his banner still. 

Though all its blue bo dim; 
These stripes, no less than stars. 

Lead after Him. 



The following was found in a pair of sani- 
tary Books recently: 

The fortunate owner of these socks is secretly 
informed, that they arc the one himdredih and 
ninety-first pair knit for our * Bravo Boys* by 
Mrs. Abner Bartlett, of Medford, Mass., now 
aged 85 years. January, 1864. 



404 



The Sanitary Commiaaum Btdletin. 



lIOSPIT.UiS IN TENNESSEE. 
(coxmnncD.) 

Since my connection with the United 
Stiites Sanitary Commission as hospital 
visitor, Mr. lugraham and myself have 
vLsitod the general hospitals in XashviUo 
as often jis once a week. In these visits I 
have f inlravored to make myself fully ac- 
<{xiuint<'(l with the wants of the sick and 
wonucUil soldiors in the various hospitals, 
and to furnish supplies to relieve their 
wants, to the full extent of their claims 
upon the aid of the Commission. 

No c;nM has i)resentcd itself, within my 
knowli'dj^e, that has been passed by with- 
out proper attention and relief. The af- 
fairs of these hospitals appear to be ad- 
ministered with care and ability bjr the 
Burgeons in charge. Neatness, ch;anlines8, 
and order characterize all their depart- 
ments. I have discovered no want of at- 
t(?nti()n to the wants of the patient^. They 
have wliolesome food and suitable clothing. 
As a general thing, the wards are well 
ventilated, and kept at a proper tempera- 
ture. 

Strangers have often visited the hospitids 
with nie, and in evtiry instanc*' have ex- 
pressed gratification at the excellent man- 
ner in which they are provided, and the 
healthful condition in which they are kept. 
Not long ago, a father came here to visit 
his son, who wivs A wounded soldier in one 
of the h(»si)itals. He came with the inten- 
tion of taking his son home with him. 
After Hpi nding two days at thu hospital, 
be Buid to me that he should leave his son 
there, ior he was satisfied, from what he 
bad sec n, that his son was better cared for 
theni than he could be at home. 

Tliut vou may hyive a correct general 
idea of the work done by the Commission 
in thi'se hospitals, I will enumerate the 
various articles that hav(» been distributed 
in theiii (luiing the months of January and 
Februurv. Tlic^ amount distribut.e<l in the 
moiiUi <»t March will be ascertained and 
inc!wd/'<l in tin* next nport. I will also 
stat^i the uuniher of ]mtients in each hos- 
pital for tli<' siinie time, a'ld from what 
tStjiiesof the Union they ha\'.» come. 

Tills will be inslruetive, .fUd serve to 
ilhistrate the n(<*es:.ity of u.'-h an organ- 
izati' n ;ls the United States .Sanitary Com- 
xnis^iioii. 

Duiiiig the inonlhs of January and Feb- 
ruary', the] <•, w< ni (!iilribut<''l to Hospital 
No. 1, .')•-' 1 shirts, l?»r» i);:ir, ( 1" drawers, 107 
towoJs, 52 i)air.< of soekx, 11 pairs of slip- 
pers, *.)■'> e.iu:^ of fruit, 8 e:nis of eondeu^ed 
becC, 1,7(>0 pounds of dri d fruit, lilS 
pound > of groceries, T)! bottl« s of wine and 
spirits, :\0 caiiii of eoudcxi'ted milk, 'M) gal- 
lons of ai)ple butter, 1G2 galh ns of pickles, 
3C0 gti lions of kr(mt, 304 bu hels of pota- 
toes, 52 bushcLi of onions, G3 gallons of 



ale, 15 bushels of green apples, 265 pounds 
of crackers, 41 pounds of codfish, 124 band- 
ages, 48 pillow ca8€^s, and other small 
articles. This distribution was made, for 
the most part, under the immediate super- 
vision of Mr. lugraham and myself, and 
the soldiers in me hospital received the 
full benctit of it. I have not the slightest 
idea or suspicion that a single article was 
misapplied or wasted. 

In a conversation I hod lost week with 
Dr. Homer, the surgeon in charge, he said 
publicly, in the presence of a number of 
ladies and gentlemen, that the United 
States Sanitary Commission had rendered 
the greatest iK)ssible service to Hospital 
No. 1; that it saved it last winter from 
going down; that he found it greatly in 
debt, and was only able to sustain it by the 
aid received from the Commission; and that 
it was now out of debt, and able to take 
care of itself. To show how highly he ap- 
preciated the service rendered, he directed 
a number of his assistants to procure a 
letter of thanks from the inmates of the 
hospital to the Commission, for the sup- 

Elies received at their hands. That letter 
OS been forwarded to you. 
The number of sick and wounded sol- 
diers in this hospital, who participated in 
the sup2>lies above mentioned in the months 
of January and February, and the States 
from which they were mustered into the 
Federid ser\'ice, will be found in the fol- 
lowing table, furnished by the hospital 
clerk: 

U. 8. A., Oemeral Hospital No. 1, ) 

Na8H\ilu£, Tuim., March 20, 1864. f 
Number of paticnta from the diflprcut Statc-H in hospital, 
Jaiiuar}' let, 1804, aUo tho Dombor received iu Jauuary 
aud February: 

* Jauuary 1, Eeceivt'dlReoeived Total 

Treated. 



llogularArmy. 

Ohio 

Indiaua 

Illiuoiii 

Tl'UlUiMRCO .... 

Mh'Jiif^aii 

Kentucky 

Wim-ouMiu 

MinnvHota ... 

Kaimaii 

MiKmniri 

PcnuHylvauia . 

New York 

l^Iasiuu'htiHcttH. 
New JertK-y . . . 

Iowa 

MiBi'cllaiicouH. 



Total . 



lSti4. 


iu Jan. 


in Feb. 


16 


6 


10 


237 


105 


161 


126 


70 


66 


80 


69 


109 


15 


6 


12 


67 


17 


41 


80 


25 


50 


18 


8 


14 


1 


2 





2 


2 


6 


6 


3 


15 


26 


6 


12 


16 


8 


14 


6 


3 





1 


1 


1 


15 


1 


10 


8 


1 


11 


^^^ 






726 


312 


532 



sa 

603 

252 

267 

38 

125 

165 

40 

3 

10 

23 

43 

37 

8 

8 

26 

20 

1.670 



From this exhibit it will be readily per- 
ceived, that no mere Stote n,c:ency would be 
lulequateto Mipply the want,sof the noldiers 
in this hospital;* neither would it be ade- 
quate for any army hospital, for a similar 
state of facts exists in all. Here are fift<een 
hundred and seventy soldiers, from fifteen 
different States of the Union, brought to- 

geUicr, by the casualties of war, in ti^e same 
ospitaL 



The Sanitary Commission Bullttin. 



406 



They are all United States soldiers, and 
vere lighting under the same flag when 
i^oanded or disabled. Surely a Commis- 
sion must be national in its character, and 
**not hemmed in by State lines," to meet 
the wants of such a case. In the struggle 
that exists, the political, social, and indi- 
vidual interests of the whole people are at 
stake; and it should make no difference • 
with patriotic citizens from what State the 
heroes come who fight their battles for 
them; and, when suffering, there should 
be no partiality in the relief that is extend- 
ed to them. 



The United States Sanitary Commission 
was founded upon this broad and compre- 
hensive principle of patriotism and bene- 
volence; and the good it has done, and is 
doing, over the whole extent of the theatre 
of war, fully vindicate the wisdom of its 
organization. — Report of Hospital Visitor, 



PATTERNS FOR HOSPITAL CLOTHINQ. 

The following patterns have been adopted aa 
the best and most economical by the New Eng- 
land Branch of the Sanitary Commission, after 
an experience of more than two years, during 
which over 45,500 garments have been cat 



Half of Front 



S^/JiN. 




FLANNEL 8HIBT. 



Half of Sleeye. 



Half Of Back. 



: 
I 

5i 




/3lM. 



i 

0) 


1 
/ 


s 


1 

/3 m 



Half of GoDar. 



20 ,M. 



\ lej 



Required for each Shirt— S skeins linen thread, 
5 black bone buttons, 7 stays, tape or silesia. 

Directions for MaJdng. — The dimensions given 
above, are for flannel twenty-six inches wide. 

The opening in the front should be fourteen 
inches long, and should be faced on the left 
nde with silesia, two and one-half inches wide. 
There should be two button-holes on this side. 
A flap of silesia, two and one-half inches wide, 
when doubled, should be put on the right side 
for the buttons, and stitched under the left side 
at the bottom of the opening. The collar should 



cover the flannel entirely on the left side, but 
the silesia flap should project beyond it on the 
right side. There should be one button and 
button-hole in it The shoulder 8e>im3 should 
be strengthened by a crosswise binding of alle- 
sia, and sta^s should bo put on at the flaps and 
at the opening in the sleeve. The sleeve should 
be faced at the wrist with silesia, three inches 
wide, and fastened with one button. The open- 
ing at the wrist should be one flngcr lon^. Thj& 
flaps should be t^o ^n^'&t^Yoii^. 



406 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



IXAXXEL DnAWEKS. 
Cue Leg of Drawore. 



^/?c:jt 




Kalf of Waistband. 



PA r/f 



^/?o//r 




Pit quired for each pair of BraicfTs. 

1 tape sUiy, one inch long, (for opening in 
back. ) 

3 liiKtts liiK'n threa«l. 

JJ lilm'k })()iiu bnltons. 

Narrow tiipo, lur back of waistband (18 inches 
lon^'. I 

J)'u-f.rVmns for Malhitj, — If the flunuel to bo 
TiR<'(l is loss tlijin thirty incln s with*, put tho 
point at th<; ba<'k close to tlu; Cil^i) of the flan- 
nel and pirc(} the fronts, as shown by the dot- 
ted lin«s above. 

'J'lir opening below the waistband in the bark 
should be four inches long. 'I'h»j opcninr^ in 
front sli<udd be seven inches Ion.'.: and faced 
with llannil or silLsia, two inches wid". Two 
buttons hhould bo put on tho waistband in 
front, and one on thfl opining b» l.)w. 'J'here 
should be four eyekt holts on each side of the 
waistband behind. Waistbands should be lined 
with sil( .^ia. 1 )rawers to be closed to tho ankle, 
and linislud with hcni. 

To rut a piece <^f llannel economically, cbaw- 
ers and shirts should be cut to^ethor. 

Put 11k' bottom ofoni! h'g against the bottom 
of the other, and two lung triangular i»ieces of 
flannel will b«' K f t on each side, out of which, 
with the other small pieces, cut the collars juid 
wri.st-la< ings for shirt, and waistband for draw- 
ers. 1m eutting the second pair of drawers, be 
airvful that tho alunting liDO of the top meets 



the slanting lino left by the first pair, and go oi 
OS before. 

Begin to cnt the shirts at the other end of the 

Eieee of fliinnel. tearing oflf two yards for th€ 
ody of each shirt. One sleeve and a half cau 
be cut out of the width of the flannel, and ir 
cutting a number of slecvos, ono may bo made 
to fadgo into tho other. 

Pieces of flannel are usually from 45 to 52 oi 
53 yards long imd 2G inches wide. 

Cut by the above patterns, it will take aboul 
5J yards ft)r a shirt and pair of drawers. The 
diagrams allow for scams. 



SUBGEON'S TESTIMONIALS. 

IlEAlMJUAnTEIlR 3d Dfv. ISth A. C \ 

HuNTbViLLK, Ala.. March C, 1864. J 

My Dear Sm— I have received lately two 
numbers of the Sun Hart/ Rcpurter, tho last 
of the intli of February, for which, sup- 
posing that you sent them, accept my 
thauks. I have often wished that I could 
receive all the publications of the Sanitary 
Commission, and especially such as the 
above. The last number was especially 
interesting, as containing your report of 
your visit here. As it may be intere.sting 
to you, I will give you some figures in re- 
Kj)ect to the command since. I will enclose 
the total of my weekly reports since your 
visit. Between the 20th and last of Feb- 
rimry, I inspected the camps of eight 
organizations— seven regiments and the 
batteries— all that were accessible. I will 
give you the results as to feickne.«*s. The 
strength in-esent was 2,550; number of sick 
(unlit for duty, rather,) at date of insi)ee- 
tiou. 87; average number for the preceding 
week, 1)5 :{-7; giving on this average a ratio 
per thousand of mean strength 37. 3:i— dif- 
fering but little from the proportion when 
you wt^v here, (3^.j per cent.) 

We have as yet'hiul scarcely any symp- 
toms of scurvy. One cause for this, per- 
haps, is the fretpient foraging expeditions, 
in which the men get articles of food 
not ot herwise ea.sily prociu\ d. The details 
f»)r duty are large, and prevent sickness 
from idleness. In my inspections I found 
that 7,05:5 rations of 'fresh beef, and 7,078 
rations of soft bread, or flour, had been 
issued during the preceding week. You 
will perceive by the eoi)y enclosed, that in 
the rtijular wah we get very few vegetables. 
The potatoes* issued have at times been 
dam.iged. The agents of the Sanitary 
C(^mmission have issued quite largely. To 
them wo are comi)elled to look for our 
supplies. I am ghid to see my idea con- 
firmed by your opinion of the auti-bcorbu- 
tic propt^-ties of corn meal. It was at my 
suggestion that it was added to the articles 
to be reported weekly as issued. I would 
like to see the meal of parched corn issued. 
It, I pre.sume, would keep as well as flour. 
As fresh i>otatoes cannot bo pi-ocurod in 
any thing like an adequate supply, I wish 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



407 



very much that your suggestions as to 
*• potatoes, pickled in vinegar, or put up in 
molasses, as for sea voyages, to be eaten 
raw," could be carried out. Our Post Hos- 
pital is now in much better condition than 
when you saw it Mrs. Bickerdyke and 
Mrs. Porter reached here in the latter part 
of January, and soon caused a very decided 
change in the condition of affairs. Mrs. 
Porter is still there. Dr. Rogers, of tlie 
69th Indiana, who then had charge, went 
home with his regiment, (veteran,) early in 
February, audit is now under the charge of 
Burgeon Early, of the 17th Iowa, an ener- 
gectic and efficient officer. It now (March 
I8th. 1864,) contains 1.828 patients. 

This has been delayed so long, because 
some days ago Mr. Tour told me that he 
expected you here in a few days. I waa 
told at his office to-day, though, that your 
coming was uncertain; I therefore send you 
this as it is. We have twelve or fifteen 
cases of small-pox. A separate hospital 
has been estabUshed for tiiem. The dis- 
ease does not seem to increase. I com- 
menced to-day to make a second inspection 
of our troops. If it is satisfactory to you, 
I will continue at intervals to keej) you in- 
formed of our condition, &c. Knowing 
how constantly your time is occupied, t 
cannot expect the pleasure of a reply from 
you, though your doing so would give me 
great pleasure. 

I am, most respectfully, &c. , 

J. S. Prout, 

Surffe^n 26tk Me. Volt., and Surgeon in Chuf. 
To Db. a. v. Rked, 

U. S, Sanilarjf Oommiuion, Nashville^ Tenn. 



U. 8. Oekxbal Hostttal, Pattkbsoh's Pabx, ) 
Baltim OBX. April btk. j 

Dear Sir — I received your note some 
days ago; delayed the answer, because I 
wished to take time to reply at length — to 
answer your query as I think it should be 
answered. I hope to do so yet, but am ex- 
ceedingly busy just now. . 

In the mean time, accept my grateful 
assurances that, in my opinion, the mission 
of the United States Sanitary Commission 
18 a noble one; that its members have ever 
done their duty well; and that very much 
soffering among the soldiers has been alle- 
viated through their instrumentality, that 
could not, under the circumstances, have 
been reached by any means in possession 
of surgeons in the field. 

It is true that the Government provides 
liberally, very liberally, for the sick and 
wounded; but the Sanitary Commission 
has, to my knowledge, provided for them 
when the Government could not; and it is, 
to say the least, ungrateful on the part of 
officers, as well as men, to refuse to ac- 
knowledge the benefits received. 



God speed the Sanitary Commission, 
until you hear from me again. 
Believe me, yours truly, 
(Signed,) 

Thos. Sim, 

Surgeon U. S. Vo!f., in charge of Patterson Park 
HotpOal^ late Medicmi JHrector 3rd A. C. 
Db. Stum KB, 

Office San. Com.^ Washington. 

U. S. A. Qkhkbxl Hospital, ) 

Camdem Htbext, BALTTMonx, Hd., S 
March 'iSth, 1864. ) 
Mb. J. T. Pancoajbt, 

Agent U. S. Sanitary Commiuion: 

Sir— I take this method of expressing to 
you my jiersonal thanks, for the prompt 
manner in which you have at all times filled 
all requests for sanitary clothing and sup- 
plies, which from time to time I have maae 
for the benefit and use of the sick and 
wounded soldiers in this hospital; and I 
take this occasion to reiterate what I have 
often before declared, that, from nearly 
three years' varied experience in hospital 
and field, I am f lUly convinced that clothing 
and otiier contributions from the people to 
the soldiers are, with much more facility, 
uniformity and certainty, distributed among 
the sick soldiers in the field and hospitals, 
through the medium of the Sanitary Com- 
mission, than by any other means hereto- 
fore adopted. 

I am, very respectfully. 

Your obedient servant, 
(Signed,) 

Z. E. Buss, 

Surgeon U. S. Vo^s , in charge o/HospiiaL 



Hjcadquabtxbs, Hospital Ist Div. 2d CoBPa, ) 
March VUh, 1864. ) 

Doctor — I desire to express, in a more 
tangible manner than by words, my appre- 
ciation of the Sanitary Commission as an 
institution. The amount of good which is 
being done in the Army of the Potomac 
daily by the Commission, cannot be over- 
estimated. Although I have never been 
visited ollicially by the agent of this corp^•, 
since I have been in the charge of this 
hospital, yet I have been able to procure 
an abundance of supplies of all kinds from 
the oflicer at Brandy Station, by which 
means I am nob only enabled to make the 
patients under my charge comfortable, but 
to afford them a degree of luxury. When 
the history of this war shall h.ve been 
written, .t will be found that the Sanitary 
Commis.sion litis acted no mean part to- 
wards putting down the rebellion. 
I am, Doctor, 

Very respectfully yours, 
(Signed,) 

W. W. POTTEB, 

iWyton tn Char^ 
Db. Wim^w, 

Iiupecior SanUttT)! GwnmiUMm. 



408 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



Tlie following cxtracU are from a letter 
written \\x Mr. F. C. Seasions, of Columbus, 
Ohio, who has Ifttelj vitdted the Anay of 
the Potomac, to Itwk into the condition of 
troopa from that State, ni the request of the 
Governor, Speaking of Ohio hoMiera, he 
Bay ft : 

TUi*f D regiraents have been renuirkably 
hefiltlij for the last retir. The ith has not 
lost ix num by di^ef^s^ since a year a^o hist 
Dei^ember. The 8th hoa lost but two by 
diHeiiiii\ This speaks well for Ohio sur- 
geoLis. A mote faithful and intCfUigent elass 
of mt-n I never tsaw— enthuaiuatic and de- 
voted to their profession ; I have noticed 
thi'ni now in neai'Iy alt of our armlefl, east 
and south, with pride and satisfaction. 
They ull express themselvea in the highest 
ttTfus t>f the Sanitary Cominiflaiou, and ita 
noble work ; and but for it3 labors^ many a 
pour soldier, now serving h is eoun try, would 
have be* n in his grave. Its* business with 
thin anuy is immense. Eaoh station in 
chari^ed with every article si*nt tbem; and 
the jigents are obhged to report vouchers 
from the surgeons of tbe regiments receiv- 
ing art idea for every thing given out, and 
make a weekly report of all their expeoaes, 

&e. 

« # « « « 

I examined the report of the agents of 
the Sauitiiry Commission at CuJpep]>er and 
Grundy Station, and found onr Ohio regi* 
meiiLs lind been supplied with all that tlie 
surgeons desired. Every requisition had 
been promptly tilled by tb© Commission, 
and the KUJ'gtons elpre9i^ed themselves 
highly gratefiil for their generous aid. 

Oue remarked: " God ooly knows bow 
we fibould have suffered at Antietam, Get* 
tvsbnrg, and other battle- liehls, without 
tlieir a^,sistance." He mentioned the nu- 
mertiu.H articlea supplied by the Commis- 
sion, which the Goverament do not fur- 
ninU. Each surgeon is obliged to give a 
reeeiiJt for eatth article that they_ receive^, 
and th:it they will honorably distribute tbe 
fcaiue to the sick and wounded of their re- 
spective regiments or hoq>itals. Cup fain 
H:irri^ tbeellicient and gentlemanly auper- 
iiUrtidi'Ut of the Relief Corps, was formerly 
frimi Ohio, and takes special pleasure in 
cariitj^ fur Oliio meo; he wuj* for two years 
a cap! s tin in the army. Col. Poten, former- 
ly coniinjinder of Ciinip Olmse, him charge 
of x\iv t'ommii^i^ion in Uqu. Sicger& depart- 
meut, tit Hiirper's Ferry. The army has 
been remarkal>ly heal t by this winter* and 
nevt r stronger, morally ur physically. 



HOSPITAL GARDENS. 

Tlursi^ laudable institutiona ibmrisb apace, 
nud promise to be of the greatest utility to 
ih*^ 111 my. Of that at Chattanooga, Mr. AL 
C liecil writes us follows; * * The garden of 



one hundred acres and a little more is now 
fenced, jind arrangements made for all tb© 
land we may desire to use adjoining it. II 
iJ) weU furnished with tools of all kinda. 
To-morrow I shall send out an additional 
harrow just finished, and a portable bkek- 
smithes forge for repairs. It remains only 
to secure the erection of barracks for tbd 
men I gardeners, store-room for the seeds 
and tools, and a shelter for the horses, and 
my work for providiog material will be 
nearly finished. The fen c ill g party will go 
to work at the vineyard to-morrow. W« 
intend to make the garden and Ihe vine- 
yard supply fully the wants of all the sick 
and wounded accessible from this point, so 
far as vegetablua are concerned, frtmi mid- 
summer until late in the fall; and although 
it requires quite a large expenditure for 
seed, it fieenis. to me it is good cconomT to 
put under cidtivation as much of this splen- 
did soil as we can cultivate well." 

Mr. Thomas Wills, the superintending 
gardener* writes at a later date, March 25; 

lam getting along well. We have planted 
some forty -live bushels of potatoes, twelve 
of onions, seven of peas— some of 'Rliieh ar« 
up— -and have in our hot beds, eabbi^, 
mustard^ lettuce and tomatoes, all growing 
finely, 1 have tweaty-tive men and thirty- 
six horsfs on the land, which is most beau- 
tifully situated, and very rich. We have 
also two vineyards, one of sixteen ocrt-s, th<| 
other eontaiaing fourteen thoufiand eight 
hundred yiu^}^. 



CORRESPOKOENCR 

FESTr\'AL AT filKO SI^a 

Etlitor San,' Com. Bnfletin : 

I am glad to see that yon receive, and 
publish, communications even from yil- 
lage^; and as the little rills all eon tribute 
to swell the volume of onr noble Hudson , 
as it pours into the great Atlantie, so do 
the contributions from hamlet and village 
aid in the great work done by the Wo- 
man's Centred Association; may we, loyal 
wi>men of Sing Sing, have a little space to 
tell of our festival? In February lastp 
fearfully, and with liut little hope of sue- 
ccf^s, one of our directresses ^suggested a 
Fcatival, and a meeting t>f the young ladies 
from each of the village churches was 
called. Tbe enthusioatic manner in which 
they responde<l to the call banished all 
fear— "No such word as fnil," they said, 
and valLantly tbey sallied forth; loyal men, 
fearful men, half-way palriot.H, wliole co]j- 
perheads, uo one Vas passed by, and if 
there was a single man, woinan, or child, 
who refused thiir mite, we don't know, 
and don't wan't to know who tbey are, 
I'^'iir two days bef<>re the tL'^fcival^ down 
poured tlur rain, and pnfnfidly through 
mud of the thickest kiit^l plowed tha 
horses, and yet there were young men and 



The Samlary Commimon BuBelin. 



409 



EDaideuH from mtl^a bock in the coimtij 
working at wot, cold evergrotni*, tljat in ail o 
one shiver fco look at Tiie great duy 
arri-red— ^long tables were set, ftiid so tli© 
good tilings eiune witb » i3erfect rusb. 
MngQ t«rki^j^» ehickeus, hftjiiH, ttmgiiow, 
roiiuda u( brrf fiiM-uisliod with (.■xijaiisittf 
Jluwei^ ill fiiJl blot mi, and budding jiiijtm- 
ii'^as red nnd wliite — ** from whoso green 
bo«&e did tbey come ?" Witj they are 
miide of homeliest mmterials — turnipa and 
beetti I diickeu pies, ttirti^, grout milk pans 
full of dciiiglmiUs, eruOerH, jumbles, and 
ft di*zeu diUVrcnt kiud?* of reul home-made 
cjftkea, l>iiieuits, loaves* of home -mad© bread, 
pine-iipjjlts of golden butter, oyaters^ ice* 
ejreiun, jellies., blanc niftnge» tea, coflee, 
fruits-— win tliey never eeiid« coming V 
E\*ery table is groaning under the weight 
of ddJcuoieM. Distracted women, with 
bnge, white aprons, rush about, and won- 
der where they will stow tbe suppliei^; 
joang girls miacliievonMly titter at their 
perplexity; and feel elated at the success of 
Iheir eiertionn; efficient young men eome 
t*> the help of the matrons, impro\dsing on 
the stage that occupied one end of the 
BpaciiOU» Udl, a Btoreroom. Three o'clock 
comes veiy early ^ tlie youiig girla, t^ach 
with a white apron tied ah out the trim 
woi^t, and the dear coiora, the red, white, 
blue on their Ic^yjd bosoms ^ take their 
stunds. At the head of the room i^ a small 
table of fancy work, got up in haste, but 
cri'tlitjiible to the taste and industry of the 
fnif UngerH, The two large militaiy 
»eUools are among the first visiitors, and 
linger imtil discipline obliges their exit ; 
thay are sUtuiieh patrons and loyal boys — 
t*aeh Ikij averaging three suppers, at least; 
h« is good for that amount, or mor**. 
Xn^rly one hundn^d well-bchaTed lads are 
thrre, and the feaat and the fun goes on — 
ntitil twelve o*eloek the **cry is stiD they 
come/* provisions and guests^, and the hall 
is crowdeil to its utmost capacity ; the 
wc»nder growa how the eliildren can eat bo 
muc!b* aiid the managers feel that a eepa- 
fiil* donation aud vote of thanks should 
be *«5iit by the phyaic^ians of the village, 
aU that week, for ntws of surfeit and indi- 
gi^citiori. There will enrely lie an iner eased 
pructiee for them. Early the next morn- 
ing, a faith fill few appear on the scene of 
notion. The evergreen.^ are still bcautiftd, 
tli<* c!ttiiary birds ar t singing shrillyj the 
picturijs and banners are aU right, tho 
ftlorc- house k full. True, idl the bouquets 
jiri* sold, the fancy table lb cleared, bttt 
there are catabiei enougli to warrant an- 
Otiier e¥euing*» entertainmeni 80 they 
ftet t<* work resoInt*ly, and the debris of 
Ur* feast is cleared away, and by live 
o'cio*-k the tables again are tilled, and 
ttgt tin the crowd pour in. An auction sale 
concludes the evening, and the tired man- 
agviUi too tired to count their gains, gladly 



divide tlie surplus of meats among the 
poor anil net?dy. In donations and aalas 
they had taken in $820 ! Think of that in 
proportion with Chieago^ Albany, and Bos- 
ton; they had done well — a little village, 
desititnte of the summer visitors, who 
alwiiys give so liluridiy to faii% und festi- 
vals, the road !i in a f earl id btatep too. It waa 
a great success, and most thmikfully was it 
felt to hv Ruch by the managers, who knew 
of an emjity trei«siu-y, and the hOT9 lieed 
of our war-worn ond Biek at>Uiers. A com- 
mittee of i^sentlemen hnve organized ft 
series of leetures in aid of the Hing Sing^ 
Society, and Mr. Belden, Dr, Fox, and 
George Wni, Curtis, have delivered lec- 
tures to good, and appreciative nndifmces, 
refusing all compeuhatjon for their fiurvicea. 
Dr. Foster, the loyal and eloquent Me- 
thodist clergyman, closes the course neit 
week. Mr. Edikir, does not Sing Sing 
deserve a corner in the Bulletin ? 

Ossixsisa. 



PATEIOTIG UNITY-HOW IT IS TO BE 

FOSTERED. 

AJl true friends of their country, desire 
to see, at this moment above all, united de- 
votion to her cause— and they rf^joiee at 
every effort to avert discord. I^or this 
reason many readers were glud to poe this 
eiLtract repeated in your editorial column: 

We believe iho great body of the Demo- 
crats of the North are at heart loysd- tens 
of thousands of them are in tho Held to-day 
— Heaven shield them!— we ai'e pi'ond to 
name an eh raeUj and to be defended by them 
in this trial hour.— D^^ocr^if, Aimiitk. 

It was as j ua t as it w as gen eroua. Though t* 
ful men prize and applaud &uch uttr*raneea, 
for they know our country needs them now* 
In the same spirit and to the same end, is 
your vindieation of the motives and aims of 
the friends, promoters, and managers of 
the great Siinitary Fairs. And it was thb 
that prompted me to take up my pen this 
morning, and that huH led mo to ask the 
insertion of this article: 

Let me quote ^y-ou here again^ 

'* Whi n we think of the earnestness, tho 
Christ i 3 m benevoleneo, the self'Saerificing 
devotion, with which the kind-hearted la- 
dies of our city engaged in the Hanitory 
Fair; when we think of the genero.sity with 
which the good and puru -minded, without 
distinction of party or sect, contributed to 
its success; when we recall the emotions of 
pleiisure with which the i>roceeda were for- 
warded to the relief of the prostrate sick 
and wounded soldiers in our hospitals, the 
heart is tilled with gratitude to the kind 
Author of our existen<^e for having created 
us with beiievolunt hearts andgeneronflim- 
pulaes* 

** Wo regard the munilicent contributions 
for the reU^i ul tk^ %M^»ii\]sii^"Wtvi^^ ^V *' 



1 




410 



The Sanitary Commisnon BvHetin. 



battle- 'Uilil, va on© of tbe moet pr^iiaoworiliy 
oxhihititiin of tbe kimMiearttviiiesi tif this 
Doblt^ pi'^uplo. Of their unspeitkable bene- 
fit to th(t ffidlilierR, no one will Uoubt. In 
ehort, WW have heard a mo^it intelligent 
army f^tir;;,von, liijjh in poaitinn, remark, 
tliat with^mt tlui ail! of thti JH.iuit iry Com* 
mission thi! aiek and woiiiidi-d i.*oukl not be 
t r eateil w it li c I jm 1110 n hum an i t J. ' * In f ac t, * ' 
said hi\ " I dtjubt whether wo dhould cany 
on the Wiir without it!" 

Thn Sanitarj Commission, Mr Bditor, 
has It ecu Bingtdarly fortunatt? in esicaping 
in.siiiuatiouH of aiuiater design and sehbh 
purpase, which any unu^iufd ofTiirta of hii* 
mau zivx\ are pretty nnro to draw from 
those ts'ho have no faith in lofty motive?** 
I have hrard them, in whUpers, hero an<l 
theri\ J hit the iii*st and only fonnat em- 
bodiment of t)iem which has met my eyes, 
IB in thi^ malignant extract wliich dnnv 
for til yotir remarks— started in some New 
Kamjishire paper. May I ask yon to re- 
print it lucre^ aw a speiimen "to send to 
the Fair/* and to elueidato my argument. 

" By th(^ way, we noticti that theac great 
BO'Calik^l H uiihtry Pairn^ purporting to he 
for thi> iiurpii^e of procuring aid and com- 
fort for the sick and wounded f^oldipra^ are 
bavin, T au eJE tensive run through the coun- 
try, Tiie aUt^ged obji*c;t maybtJ a f^ood erne, 
but in looking over the narae-sof the mtina- 
ger.^ in every inHtaacij, wo are h^d to believe 
that the whnte thing is a political trick, 
very niiieh like tlie Kansas Aitl Societies of 
l8a5-50> to niLHo fundr^ for tUo Abolitionists 
to carry the Prcnidential election. These 
mtiuiigerfi are leading AdmiuiHtration men, 
with a liheml ^jn-inkling of thoso jjolitical 
no ndeic Filets cidled, for the want of a bet- 
ter Ustine, * Wax DL^mocra*.s. ' ** 

The author of this ungenerous calnmny 
has d.>ubtlcs:i long ago been annwcred by 
New IliimpHhire women. For they have 
btien uTuong the foreruoat inxiersonaUnter- 
est and Wijrk, and furnisihiui?: juippliea to the 
diHtributiiig Jiiind of the Bauitary Com mis- 
fiion. 

I rL^rn^^mhin- well the comfort thiit was 
given ut ifUtt c»f the Commi^wi on 's depots 
during the ntin and mnd^ on the dark and 
mem^H^blts uigUt of ro c raiding tae Rappi- 
hannoeli n\y,n ClirinSiillorville, as I dealt 
out a b K ■>? Njw Himpdiirj snppUei, and 
read ahitid tln^ gr.^etiu'^.i from thoiio who 
sent thi^cn. whitdi t found enclo:^i\l in some* of 
the Ne V It i:npihLi-e *' fu^Dtingi.'' And they 
wore N 'w ^ Ji'k s^diUeT4 who re.*eiv«Hl them, 
a:^ it hi;>:>;n vX; aud I wa^ a New Yorker^ 
di^diui th>iii o.ib. I ft^lt towards New 
HLirapiiiire tluii, a* a p.irt of otir eommon 
conntrVt lu nothing else conld hiivo made 
me find. And I ** took to" the S initary 
Commission, as being (<pver and above its 
immediiitc utility as a healer to the bodies 
of tJie soldiers J a great institution for a 
moral cud; for fostering a national spirit. 



No agency hai? been so promotive of a purs 
patriotic spirit in this war; of a national 
patriotism; or loyal sympathy with Govern- 
ment, irre^p active of political affinities; and 
of enthusiastic interest in our armies, as 
con toi id i n g for the n ation 's 1 i f e. It accept^ 
Wiit% an I ar ui'jH m th^ Aeld. as a f let. It 
took np tho saving oF life and health in the 
armies of the nation &% a duty. It rejoiced 
in being the ministering servant of the 
hom?s of our Poldier.i* in carrying to them 
the solaces of borne. 

It o=%chcwo I all diflfi^rencei and qne-^tiona 
of opinion in polities and reUgioo, and sup- 
pressed their m 10 ifestations* to the utmost 
of its power^ as I Icnow, in its contisels and 
among its agents^. 

DemoL-rats, Republicans, Badicals — yes, 
and Ctippcrhead.H, Romtin Catholics and 
Presby tt^ rian s ; Unitarhuis^ Me th odists, 
Episeopidians^ BaptistH^-men and woroeo 
of aJl varieties of creed and opinion, have 
met, and consulted, and labored, and 
given together, and hence learned to res- 
pect and esteem each other, and to 
draw nearer to each other; lo^'cring the 
fence of separation, and molUfjing the 
harshnesses of antagonism, on this broad 
platform of nationid patrioti/jni and hu- 
mane sympathy. And very many of them 
l^ave k^arned to prize the privilege as 
providential, and as a compensation to be 
m\kd*b mucii of^ amid all the nlieuation, and 
[^ii?r, and hnvoc, which war inevitablj 
brin^'^i aloii^; with it 

YoTi wiU not wonder, then, that the wri- 
ter sh'Juld sympathize in your endeavor to 
repd insinTi\tiou4 ot nn worthy aim. from, 
tlii^ great a^Ti^iiey tor promoting and foster- 
ing patriotic unit v. Yours, 

J, T- 



N0TE9 ON NURSING. 

TAKIKO tW>0* 

Evfiry (varc'fol observer of the sick will agrea 
in tht^, thibt tht>us:\nds of patients are annually 
lAtarviid in tho mid^ft of plenty, from want of 
att-ftntion to the ways which alone make it pos- 
stbh:s rt>f thorn to toka tooiL This want of at- 
(eiitir>a Is a^i reiaarkalik in those who nrgc upon 
the siek to do whitt is quite impossible to th^^m, 
as in the sick tht^m selves, who will n<it umka the 
eif vrt to do what is pui'ft?<:?tly possiUJe to them. 

for instimcc, to the large majority of vety 
Wij.ik pidieats it is ipiite impossible to take any 
solid ihod before 11 a. Mj nor then, if their 
«Lrt^n;*th is Btill fxirtker evhausted by Cftsting till 
ihiil hotir. For weiik patients have gtnenilly 
fov(?risk nights and, in the rooming, dry mouthii; 
and, if they could eat with those dry mouths, 
it would be the worse for them. A spoonful of 
beef-t«2)a, of arrowroot and wine, of e^jg flip, 
over)' hour, will give them tho reqoiKite nourish- 
miint, and pro^^ent them from being too mneh 
exhausted to tike at a laior hour tho solid food, 
which is na:jeflsarj for their recovery. And 
every patient who can swallow at all can swallow 



The Sanitary Commiasum Bulletin. 



411 



these liquid things, if he chooses. But how 
often do we hear a mutton-chop, an egg, a bit 
of bacon, ordered to a patient for breakfast, to 
whom (as a moment's consideration would show 
ns) it must be quite impossible to masticate such 
things at that hour. 

Again, a nurse is ordered to give a patient 
a tea-cup full of some article of food every 
three hours. The patient's stomach rejects it 
If so, try a table-spoon full every hour; if this 
will not do, a tea-spoon full every quarter of an 
hour. 

I am bound to say, that I think more patients 
are lost, by want of care and ingenuity in these 
momentous minutia?. in private nursing than in 
public hospitals. And I think there is more of 
the entente rordiale to assist one another's hands 
between the doctor and his head nurse in the 
latter institutions, than between the doctor and 
the patient's friends in the private house. 

If we did but know the consequences which 
may ensue, in very weak patients, from ten 
minutes' fasting or repletion, (I call it repletion 
when they are obliged to let too small an inter- 
val elapse between taking food and some other 
exertion, owing to the nurse's unpunctuality, ) 
we should be more careful never to let this oc- 
cur. In very weak patients there is often a 
nervous difficulty of swallowing, which is so 
much increased by any other call upon their 
strength that, unless they have their food 
punctually at the minute, which minute again 
must be arranged so as to fall in with no other 
minute's occupation, they can take nothing till 
the next respite occurs— so that an unpunc- 
tuality or delay of ten minutes, may very well 
turn out to be one of two or three hours. And 
why is it not as easy to be punctual to a minute ? 
Life often literally hangs upon tliese minutes. 

In acute cases, where life or death is to be 
determined in a few hours, these matters are 
Tery generally attended to. especially in Hos- 
pitals; and the number of cases is large where 
the patient is. as it were, brought back to life 
by exceeding care on the part of the Doctor or 
Nurse, or both, in ordering and giving nourish- 
ment with minute selection and punctuality. 

But in chronic cases, lasting over months 
and years, where the fatal issue is often deter- 
mined at last by mere protracted starvation, I had 
rather not enumerate the instiuices which I 
have known where a little inrjenuity, and a 
great d^al of perseverance, mij^ht, in all prob- 
ability, have averted the result The consult- 
ing the hours, when the patient can take food ; 
the obsen'ation of the times, often varying, 
when he is most faint; the altering seasons of 
taking food, in order to anticipate and prevent 
such times— all tliis, which requires observa- 
tion, ingenuity, and perseverance, (and these 
really constitute the good nurse,) might save 
more lives than we wot of. 
^ To Ipavo the patient's untasted food by his 
ride, from meal to meal, in hopes that he will 
eat it in the interval, is simply to prt^vent him 
from taking any food at oil. I have known 
patients literally incapacitated from tixking one 
article of food after another, by this piece of ig- 
norcnce. Let the food come at the right time, 
and ba taken away, eaten or uneaten, at the 
right time; but never let a.patient have '♦ some- 
llung always standing" by him, if you don't 
wiah to disgust him of eyerything. 



On the other hand, I have known a patient's 
life saved (he was sinking for want of food) by 
the simple question, put to him by the doctor, 
*'But is there no hour when you feel you could 
eat?" " Oh, yes," he said, ** I could always take 
something at — o'clock and — o'clock." The 
thing was tried and succeeded. Patients very 
seldom, however, can tell this; it is for you to 
watch and find it out 

A patient should, if possible, not see or smell 
either the food of others, or a greater amount of 
food than he himself can consume at one time, 
or even hear food talked about^ or see it in the 
raw state. I know of no exception to the above 
rule. The breaking of it always induces a great- 
er or less incapacity of taking food. 

In hospitU wards it is of coiirse impossible 
to observe all this; and in single wards, where a 
patient must be conthiuously and closely watch- 
ed, it is frequently impossible to relieve the at- 
tendant, so that his or her own meals can be 
taken out of the ward. But it is not the less true 
that, in such cases, even where the patient is not 
himselfawareof it, his possibility of taking food 
is limited by seeing the attendant eating meals 
under his observation. In some cases the sick 
are aware of it, and complain. A case where 
the patient was supposed to be insensible, but 
complained as soon as able to speak, is now 
present to my recollection. 

Remember, however, that the extreme punc- 
tuality in well-ordered hospitals, the rule that 
nothing shall be done in the ward while the pa- 
tients are having their meals, go far to counter- 
balance what imavoidable evil there is in hav- 
ing patients together. I have often seen the 
private nurse go on dusting or fidgeting about 
m a sick room, all the while the patient is eat- 
ing, or trying to eat 

That tiie more alone an invalid can be when 
txiking food, tbe better, is unquestionable; and, 
even if he must be fed, the nurse should not al- 
low him to talk, or talk to him, especially about 
food, while eating. 

When a person is compelled, by the pressure 
of occupation, to continue his business while 
sick, it ought to be a rule, without any exception 
WHATEVEB, that uo ouc shall bring business to 
him or tiilk to him while he is taking food, nor 
go on talking to him on interesting subjects up 
to the last moment before his mcfils, nor make 
an engagement with him immediately after, so 
that there be any hurry of mind while taking 
them. 

Upon tlie observance of these rules, espec- 
ially the first, often depends the patient's capa- 
bility of taking food at all, or, if he is amiable, 
and forces himself to take food, of deriving any 
nourishment from it 

A nurse should never put before a patient 
milk that is sour, meat or soup that is turned, 
an egg that is bad, or vegetables underdone. 
Yet often I have seen these things brought in 
to the sick in a state perfectly perceptible to 
every nose or eye except the nurse's. It is here 
the clever nurse appears; she will not bring in 
the peccant article, but, not to disappoint the 
patient, she will whip up something,' else in a few 
minutes. Remember that sick cookei-y should 
half do the work of your poor patient's weak 
digestion. But if you further impair it with 
your bad articles, I know not what is t^ b^jt^orcs^^ 
of him 01 oi i\K 



412 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin^ 



If the nurse is an intelligent bcinf^, and not 
a ni' r* • .rrier of diets to and from the patient, 
1-t L- r • \' K-is • b«'r intellipjence in these things. 
II'v. . ft. n v.c h>ive known a patient cat noth- 
ing i: all in the d:iv, because one meal was left 
niiti^tcd. at that time he was incapable of eat- 
'ui'2, at another the milk was sour, the third 
^s^;i-> sjK-il -d by Kome other accident. And it 
nev. r of .-nned to the nurse to extemporize 
som '. f'X[> dieut —it never occurred to her that as 
he Li 1 1 .td no solid food that day he might 
o'-it a Lit of toiist (siiy) with his tea in the even- 
in::, or h" nii^'ht have some meal an hour ear- 
li^r. A patient who cannot touch his dinner 
Jit f.vo. -.Vill oiian accept it gladly, if brc^ught to 
him at s.'ven- But somehow nurses never 
*• think f f these things." One would imagine 
th^y di'l »;'>t consider themselves bound to exer- 
r:-'.- th irjud:^ment; they leave it to the patient. 
N VA- I ai;i <iuite sure that it is better for a pa- 
tient lather to suffer these neglects than to try 
to t» ach Lis niirse to nurse him, if she does not 
knov. LoA-. It ruffles him, and if he is ill he is 
in no c »:i lition to teach, especially uponhim- 
scif. XL" above remarks apply much more to 
private n irsing than to hospitals. 

I v.^.uM Say to the nurse, have a rule of 
th >u^'lit about your patient's diet; consider, re- 
me.iiUr now much he has had, and how much 
he oTi.,'lit ty have to-day. Generally, the only 
rule oi tlie private patient's diet is what the 
nnr.se lias to give. It is tnie she cannot give 
hini wliit she h;is not got, but his stomach does 
not w.iit 1 »r her convenience, or even her ne- 
ce.ssity. Why, because the nurse has not got 
K >nie f >od to- lay which the patient takes, can 
the pati.-nt wait four hours for food to-day, who 
couM not wiiit two hours yesterday? Yet this 
is the only logic one generally hears. On the 
oth<-r han'l, the other logic, viz., of the nurse 
giving a patient a thing because she has got it, 
isequiUy fataL If she happens to have fresh 
jelly, (u t*n;sh fruit, she vn\\ frequently give it 
lo th" i» iti;nt half an hour after his dinner, or 
at liis dinner, when he cannot possibly eat that 
and til • broth too— or worse still, leave it by his 
be.Lsi'L- till he is so sickened with the sight of 
it, that he cannot eat it at all. If it is used to 
h;;ving its stimulus at one hour to-day, and to- 
morrow it does not have it, because she has 
failed in ^^etting it. he will suffer. She must be 
always ♦ \»3rcisiug her ingenuity to supply de- 
fects* and to remedy accidents which will hap- 
pen among the best contrivers, but from which 
the j> ttient does not sufifer the. less, because 
" th' y cannot be helped," 

OiiK Very minute caution, — take care not to 
j-pill into your patient's saucer, in other words 
tike e.ir«- that the out-side bottom rim of his 
cup shall be quite dry and clean; if,every time 
he lifts Lis cup to his lips, he has to carry the 
s^ue*r with it, or else to drop the liquid upon, 
and to soil his sheet or his bed-gown, or pillow, 
or if he- is hitting up. his dress, you have no 
idra what a ditfcrence this minute want of care 
on your part makes to his comfort and even to 
his willingness for food. — Miss yightuujale. 



tTit^ W<- Hliall publish in our next a nnmbor of protests 
from .Surt," on« of tbe Army of the Potomac against the 
Htaujni* nt (^t a correspondent of the Evening Post of April 
Ibt, that <>rtaiu Generals deny that the Commission has 
rendered any important service in this army. 



PROTECTIVE 

or THE 

STATE OF NEW YOBK. 



OFFICE, 35 CHAMBERS STBEET, 



President. 
Lieut. -Gen. WINFIELD SCOTT. 

Vice-Presidents. 
Hon. HAMILTON FISH. 
JOHN J. CISCO, Esq. 

ad:miral dupont. 

RUDOLPH A. WITTHAUS, Esq. 

Treasurer. 
ROBT. B. MINTURN, Esq. 

Directors. 

HoNS. E. D. MORG\N, GEOROE OPDYKE, 
HIRAM BARNEY. JAM, W. BEEKMAN. Bet. 
H. W. BELLOWS, D.D. Mes.^e8. JOHN JACOB 
ASTOR, JAMES BROWN, WM. H. ASPINWALL, 
JAS. GALLATIN, HOWARD POTTER, WM. E. 
DODGE, Jr., THEODORE ROOSEM-J.T, PETEB 
COOPER, GEORGE BANCROFT, DANIEL LORD, 
WILSON G. HUNT, ROBT. L. STUART, ALFJMaJ 
PELL. 

Apply in person or by letter, to 

HENRY GREENFIELD, iSec>, 

35 Chambers Street, New York« 



OBJECTS OF THE ASSOCIATION. 

Is^ To secure the soldiers and sailors and 
their families y ant/^claims for pensions^ pay^ 
or bounti/y eic.^ without cost to the claimant, 

2d. 7^0 protect soldiers or sailors and their 
families from imposture and fraud, 

Sd, To prevent fahe claims from being 
made against the Government, 

4th. To give gratuitous advice and infcr-^ 
motion to soldiers and sailors or their fami' 
lies 7ieeding it, 

THE MEROANTILE MARINE 
INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 35 Wnll Sf>-«et, New York. 



INCORPORATED APRIL, 1842. 
Assets over $1,400,000. 



MARINE And Inland TrHnit|>ortation rUkn od Yratcla. 
Frf>t(;ht and MerchandUe iusurvd on the moHt TaTonbl* 
terniM. 

Polioie!* are i««u<»d. Inns, if onr, rav»ble in Cold, or ftt 
the office of RAlHBONE. BROTHERS' k. CO., Uverpool, if 
defin'd. 

PartieA cfTectinf; insurance at this office mnj partiolpat* 
lathe .scrip dividend of profitM, or receive an equivalent 
cash discount, at their own option. 

The rink of war covered at the lon-efit current rat«8. 

ELLWOOD WALTER, Pres't 
CHAS. NEWCOMB, Vice-Pres't 
C. J. Despabd, Secretary. 



The Sanitary Commission BtiUetin. 



413 



THE U. S. SANITARY COMMISSION 

Was constitnted by the Secretary of War in 
June, 1861, in accordance with the recommen- 
dation of the Surgeon-General of the U. S. 
Army, and its appointment and plan of organi- 
sation were approved by the President of the 
United States. Its present organization is as 
foUows: 

H. W. Bellows, D.D., New York. 

A. D. Bache, LL.D., Washington, D. 0. 

F. li. 01mste<l, California. 

George T. Strong, Esq., New York. 

£lisha Ilftrris, M.D., New York. 

W. U. Van Buren, M.D., New York. 

A. E. Shiras, U. S. A. • 

R C. Wood, Assistant Surg.-Gen*! U. S. A. 

Wolcott Gibbs, M.D., New York. 

a G. Howe, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

C. R. Agnew, M.D., New York. 

J. S. Newberry, M.D., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Bt Rev. T. M. Clarke, Providence, R. L 

Hon. R. W. Burnett, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Hon. Mark Skinner, Chicago, Dl. 

Hon. Joseph Holt, Washington, D. C. 

Horace Binney, Jr., Philadelphia, Penn. 

Rev. J. H. Heywood, Louisville, Ky. 

J. Huntington Wolcott, Boston, Mass. 

Prof. Frtirman Rogers, Philadelphia, Penn. 

C. J. StiU6. 

Ezra B. McCagg, Chicago, IlL 

OFFICEBS: 

H. W. Bellows, D.D., President. 

A- D. Bache, LL.D., Vice-President 

Georj;e T. Strong, Treasurer. 

J. Foriter Jeiikins, M.D., General Secretary. 

J. 8. Kewl>erry, M.D., Associate Secretary. 

J. H. Douglas, M.D., Associate Secretary. 

F. N. Knapp, Associate Secretary. 

ST^VKDINO COMMITTEE. 

Henry W. Bellows, D.D. 
Goorge T. Strong. 
William H. Van Biu-en, M.D. 
Wolcott Gibbs, M.D. 
C. B. Agnew, M.D. 



HOSPITAL DIRECTORY. 

The Sanitary Commimion has mado arrangements 
fbr supplying information gratiiitously. with regard to 
patients iii aU the United States General Hospitals. 

For information relative to patients in the Hospitals in 
Kew York, New Jersey, the New England States, East- 
em Virginia, Maryland, District of Columbia, Korth 
Carolina, South Carolina, Florida and Louisiana, address 
*' Office of Sanitary Commission, Washington, D. C." 

For the Hospitals in Pennsylvania, address " Office of 
ftmitarv Commission, No. 1,307 Chestnut Street, Phila- 
delphia!" 

For the Hospitals in Western Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missis- 
•ippi, and Arkansas, address "Office Sanitary Com- 
mlMion, Louisville, Ky." 

In all cases the name, rank, company, and regiment of 
the person inquired for should be given, and where he 
was when last heard fW>m. If the application is by letter, 
tbe answer will be sent by return of mail ; if in person. 
It will be answered at once ; or if by telegraph, an 
snawer will be returned immediately at the inquirer's 



SUPPLY DEPARTMENT. 

The Sanitary Commission, nnder special author- 
ity of the President of the United States, maintains 
an extensive system of ajs^encios for securing the 
safe conveyance to, and distribution of, goods put 
in its charge for the sick and wounded at pomts 
where they are moat wanted. It operates with 
equal care and generosity at all points-i-at New Or- 
leans and at Washington, before Charleston and at 
Chattanooga — its diKtribntions being govenie<l b> a 
comparison of the wants of the patients in all cases. 
Tlio following is a list of <lei)Ots, to uhich anxiliarv 
societies, and all dis{)osou to aid the sick ana 
wounded, witliout reference to Stafs <ir localities, 
but simply to their relative necessity for assist- 
ance, are invited to send their offeiitign: 

Sanitary Commission, Dranch Deixjt, No. 18 West 
Street^ Bostcm, Mass. 

SanitaiT Commission, Branch I>e|M>t, No. 10 Sd 
Avenue, New York. 

Sanitary Commission, P.rauch Dei)ot^ No. 1,307 
Chestnut Street, PhUadolphia. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 46 
South Sharp Street, Baltimore. Md. 

Sanitary Cf»mniission, Brancli Depot, comer Vine 
and Sixth Streets, Cincinnati, 0. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 95 
Bank Street. Cleveland, 0. 

Sanitary Commission. Branch Depot, No. 66 Mad- 
ison Street, ChicajjOj 111. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 2 Ad- 
am's BlocK, Buffalo, New York. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 59 4th 
Street, Pittsburg, Penn. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 82 Lar- 
ned Street, Detroit, Mich. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Columbus, 
Ohio. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Fifth Street, 
Louisville, Ky. 

The Commission receives no pecuniary aid what- 
ever from the Government, and is wholly depend- 
ent on the voluntary contributions of the pubnc for 
the means of sustaming its operations. Contribu- 
tions to the Treasury are solicited, and may be 
transmitted to George T. Strong, Esq., Treasurer, 
G8 Wall Street, N. Y. 



jl^ Soldiers' Aid Societies, clergymen, editors, and 
•tbera, can acareely serve the cause of humanity more 
•ffectnallT than by frequently and w.dely disseminating 
• knowledge of the abore, among those who have friends 



RELIEF DEPARTMENT. 

General Superintendent, Rev. F. N. Knapp, Washing* 
ton, D. C. Cliief AMisUnt, J. B. Abbott. 

Soldiors' Home, near Baltimore Railroad Depot, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Soldier's Lodge, 76 Kingston Street, Boston. 

Lodge No. 4, H Street, between 13th and i4th Streets, 

Lodge No. 6, Maryland Avenue, near iUilroad Station. 

Nurses' Home, Washington, D. C. 

Soldiers' Home, Third Street, east of Broadway, Cln- 
dnnaU, Ohio— Col. Ih W. D. Andrews, Sup't 

Soldiers' Home, Cairo, 111.— C. N. Shipman, Sup't and 
Belief Agent. 

Soldiers' Home, Louisville, Ky.— James Malona, Sup't. 
James Morton, Special Relief Agent. 

Soldiers' Home, Nashville, Teun.— L. Crane, Sup't and 
Relief Agent. 

Soldiers' Home, Columbus, Ohio , Sup't, 

Soldiers' Home, Cleveland, Ohio — Clark Warren, Sup't 
and Relief Agent. 

Soldiers' Ixnlge, near landing, Memphis, Tenn. — C.W. 
Christy, Snp't and ReUef Agent. 

Soldiers' Lodge, Vicksburg. Miss.— T. Way, Sup't. 

AGKNCY FOB PENSIONS. 

WUllam F. Bascom, Pension Agent, Washington. D. 

HOSPITAL CABS. 

Between Washington and New York— Sol. Andrews, 
M. D., Surgeon in charge. 

Between New York and Boston, via Springfield. 

Between Ix>uiflville and Murfreeaboru' — Dt, J. P. Bai> 
nnm, Surgeon in charge. 

SAHITABT ITXAKXB. 



414 The Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 

OFFICE OF THE 

OUoIumWmt C^mm) §\mvmtt 

COMPANY, 

CORNER OF WALL AND NASSAtJ STREETS. 



CASH CAFITAL, - $1,000,000. 



From Statement for the Sixth Fiscal Year, ending December 31, 1863. 

Total Amount of Assets, January 1, 1864 $3,140,930 80 

Total Amount of Premiums 3,253,256 76 

Excess of Karned Premiums over Losses, &c 1,137,063 33 

RcHerve f«jr Estimate Claims Unadjusted and other Contingencies 441,206 49 

Guaranteed Cash Dividend to Dealers, (holding certificates of same) on 
Paid Premiums Earned during the Year, whether Loss has Accrued 

or not 269,614 80 

Scrip Dividend to Dealers, on Earned Premiums 15 per cent 

Dividend for the Year to Stockholders 26 per cent 



LOSSES PAID IH GOLD upon Bis-s on which the Premiiim is paid in like Cnrrency. 

DEALERS WITH THIS COMPANY will be allowed the option (to be 
Bignified at the time of application for insurance) of receiving in lieu of scrip, at the end 
of each year, RETURNS IN CASH, (guaranteed by certificate) of premiums paid and 
earned (lurinjr the year, whether loss accrues or not, upon all new risks under the KEW 
YORK FORM OF POLICY, as follows: 

1st. Upon aU VOYAGE Risks upon CARGO, a return of TWENTY-FIVB 

PER CENT. 

2d. Upon VOYAGE Risks upon FREIGHT, a return of TWENTY per cent. 
3rl. Upon TIME Risks upon FREIGHT, and upon VOYAGE and TIME Rislffl 
upon HULLS, a return of TEN per cent. 

Sucli privilege, however, being confined to persons and firms, the aggregate of whose 
premiums upon sucli policies earned and paid during the year, shall amount to the sum of 
one hundred dollars. 

DIRECTORS. 

EnWARD ROWE, M. F. MERICK, MOSES MERICK, 

DANIKL W. LORD, WM B. (XJPFJ^, DAVm J. ELY, 

(;KnR(iE 5IILN, JOHN ARIL<TRONO, JOSEPH MORRISON, 

JOHN' ATKIN:iON, B. C. MORRIS, WM. H. POPHAM, 

TH<H A. C. COCHRANE, ANI»REVV J. RICH, B. C. MORRIS, JR , 

WM. II UAU<KY, DAN'L W. TEMJER, EZRA NYK, 

THOS. BARR'>N, JOHN D. BATt}S, Jr., HF.NRY J. CAMMANN, 

ROLAND «. MITCUEI.L, CHARLES HICKOX, THOMAS LORD, 

ALBFJIT a. LKB, ROBERT BO«VNE. ROBERT 8. HOLT, 

(iUnir.E v. DESHON, LAV^HENCE MYER3, J. B. GRHTFIN. 

O L. MMS, 8. N. DERRICK, 

THOS. LORD, Vice-President. B. C. MORRIS, President. 

"WM. M. WHITNET 2d Vice-President and Beoretaxy. 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 416 

PARTICIPATION 

FIRE INSURANCE. 

NORTH AMERICAN 
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, 

of the City of New York, 
OFFICE, No. 114 BROADWAY. 



INCORI^OTli^TED 1823. 

GASH CAPITAL, $500,000 00 

ASSETS, 604,535 59 

nro cij/kims for lossx:s. 

Abstraet of the EIGHTT-THIRD Semi-Annaal Statement, sliowiui; the Con- 
dition of the Company on the 31st day of December, 1863* 

ASSETS: 

LoaTM on Bond and Mortgage, being first lien on Real Estate, worth over 

Fifty per cent, above the amount loaned $15T;360 00 

Stocks, Bonds, and other JSecurities owned by the Company, market value. . 364,385 00 

Cash in Bank and Office 6,603 II 

Loans on demand with collateral 46,000 00 

Premiums due and outstanding 5,384 00 

Cash in Agents' hands in course of transmission, (business of December 

since received,) 10,220 39 

Interest accrued on Securities 13,788 83 

Other Property of Company 793 75 

$604,535 59 
Losses unpaid, none. 

Insures Property against Loss by Fire at usual rates, at the Office of the Company, or 
through their Agents in the principal Cities and Villages of the United States; adjustmg 
and paying Claims with the liberality and promptness that has characterized their busi- 
ness during the past Forly-one Years. 

The Customers receive Three-Fourths of the Net Profits of the business each year, 
without incurring any liability whatever. 

R. W. BIiEECKER, Seo'y. JAMES W. GTIS^Pres't. 

R. F. MASON, Bapezintendant of Agencies. 



416 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin, 



iO%7i&'s MjiiEiir.ii 



I 



KECEIYED 



TWO PRIZE MEDALS 





(FROM JURIES 3 AND -4) 

AT THB 



IIMTERIMATIONAL EXHIBITION, 



Being Sole Awards gained by anything of the kind. It also received Superlative Report <rf 
*« EXCEEDING EXCELLEJNT FOR FOOD.^' 



MAIZENA, 

At the GREAT INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION at HAMBURG, July, 1863, received 
the higheut Prize M('d<d iot its great delicacy as an article of food. 

MAIZENA, 

At the FAIR of the NEW YORK STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY, at Utica, N. T.. 

Bepteiubor, 18G3, received both Diploma and Mkdati. 

MAIZENA, 

AT THB 

Peiinsylvaiila State Fair at IVoi*rlstoivii, 

Oct. 3, 18G3, took Gold Medal. 

** ^fAIZENA" has also taken the tirst premium at the Amkkican Institutb, New York 
City; Niiw Jeksky State Paui at Trenton, and at other places — in every instance where 
it huH Im'pii exhi]>ited. 

" MAIZENA" has n(»vor failed to receive the highest award when placed in competi- 
tion witli iUnn Starcli and all articles of Uke character, after a thorough Microscopical 
and Aiijil^iical Kxaniiiialiou of diHintere8t<»d judges. It therefore stands commendea to 
tlit^ ])iibli(! as the bi'st article of its kind in the world without any comments of the mana- 
factuHT. 

MAIZENA, 

For Pinldiiij^H, CakoH, CuHturds, Rhine Maupe, Arc, without isinplass, with few or no eggs, 
at a <?ost astoiiishiiif^ thu most ncoiioniicul. It is also excellent for thickening sweet sauces, 
gravies for iisli an<l meat, mmpH, tVc. For Ice Cream, nothing can compare with it. A 
Utth) })(»il('(l in milk will jiroduce rich <;ream for Coiree, Chocolate, Tea, &o. 

Piii up in (me jxHind packages, under the trade mark ** Jiaizena," with directaoni 
for use. 

A most delicious article of food for children and invalids of all ages. For sale bj 
Grocers and Druggists everywhere. 

WHOLESALE DEPOT, 166 FULTON 8TRE£T. 

WMe DURYEA. Genera! Affcst. 



THE 

SANITARY COMMISSION 
BULLETIN. 



Vol. I. 



NEW YORK, MAY 15, 1864. 



No. 14. 



CONTENTS. 

Page. 

The Effects op the Faibs on cub Fuxds 417 

Bepobts— 

General Surrey of Operations in the De- 
partment of the Ea«t 429 

Preparations for the Campaign in Virginia. 435 
The Wobk of the Comxissiox in Pbevextino 

DXSE.VSE. 419 

Wilvt the Commission has doke for Gbakt*s 

Abmy 424 

Relief Aoekts Dubuco a Railroad Accident. .426 

The Hospitals at Washington 426 

Results of the Faib 429 

The Saxitart and Chbistian Commissions 419 

The Commlssion on the Red Riveb 431 

The Commission and the SuBOilbNs 434 

Hospftals and Sanitabt Stations in Tennes- 
see 438 

Homes AND Lodges 441 

U. 8. SANITAB7 Commission in Boston 442 

M.vnK£D Abticles 443 

Notes on Nubsino 444 

The Sanitaby Commission Bulletin is published 
on U%e first and fifteenth cf every month, and as U 
has a circulation, gratwtous or other, cf above 14,000 
copies, it offers an unasuaUy valuable medium for 
advertising. 

All communications must be addressed to the Ed- 
Uor, at Vie office, 823 Broadway, arui must he au- 
Qtenticated by the names and addresses oftiie loriters. 

As the continuance of the publication of the Bul- 
UETDT is uncertain, depending on that of Vie war, 
and on the resources cf the U, 8, Sanitary Com- 
mission— the Standing Committee feels a certain de- 
gree of reluctance to solicit subscriptions for it— and 
thereby to pledge the Commission to its issue for a 
d^Ue period. 

The CXfmmittee understand, however, thaJt some of 
(heir friends to whom it is now sent gratuitously, ex- 
press a wish to pay for il, and they therefore give 
notice that tfte sum of two dollars, remitted to the 
Treasurer, (fl. T. Stbono, 68 Wall Street, or No. 
833 Broadway, New York,) wHl secure Us being sent 
io such contributor during the remainder of the cur- 
rent year, tmless its publication be sooner discord 
Uimed. 

Vol- L— No. 14. 27 



THE EFFECTS OF THE FAIRS ON OUB 
FUNDS. 

It will surprise the country, no doubt, 
but it is nevertheless strictly true, that 
however great the credit done by the Sani- 
tary Fairs to the charity and patriotism of 
the people, they have thus far resulted in loss 
rather than in gain to the Sanitary Com- 
mission. So far from assuring its future, 
they have placed it in some peril. Instead 
of filling the treasury to overflowing, as 
m£uiy people imagine, they bid fair at this 
moment to be instrumental in bringing our 
funds down, during the coming summer, to 
a lower point than they have ever reached 
before. 

This is in a great measure due to the ex- 
aggerated estimate of their returns, which 
the public has formed. The Fairs have been 
attended, and naturally so, with a great 
deal of enthusiasm, and have been got up 
and conducted by great exertions on the 
part both of managers and contributors. 
They have been, perhaps, the most remark- 
able exhibitions of benevolence ever wit- 
nessed, and have produced a profound im- 
pression on the public mind, and they have 
brought us in a large sum of money. We . 
have received from all of them, so far, 
$429,000; we expect to receive from the New 
York Fair over Sl,000,000— in all, about 
$1,400,000. Now this, in <iddition to what 
we have been receiving hitherto, would 
have not only placed our existing opera- 
tions on a Urm basis during the coming 
year, but would have enabled us to extend 
them considerably, which there is great 
need of our doing. Our receipts in sup- 
plies kst year amounted to $2,000,000; al 
the rate at which they have been oomingia 
daring the last four months, they will not 



418 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



this VI :ir, uniouiit to luoro than $1,000,000; 
in ()tii« r wonls, they have fullcn off exactly 
(>ii« -half. Tliis leaves the value of our ro- 
coiiits, iiu-huliug thoKo ilerivid from the 
Tuii^:, inimiiially, what it was iu ISOli, but 
in n:!liJy imn-h lower. Tlie milliou dol- 
hrsw.i'.ii of supplies which wo received 
L St \ (•;• V, we have this year to purchase our- 
Silv,-.-, :it prices which are ccrbiiuly twenty- 
five p«r rout. hif,'lier than they wt»re twelve 
months jif^o, so that instead of being so 
rich thnt we do not know what to do with 
our hk'Ih y, we arc sutt'ering from the Tairs 
a duliution h'oin our previous income of at 
leii'A sii:.n,000. 

Thi- is a result wo need hardly 8;iy, 
whieh was not foreseen when the Fairs were 
started. If tlie i»ublic now cease to sup- 
port lis :is bvifure, it would have been vastly 
bett». r tor the soldiers that not one of them 
had evi r been hi?ld. And unless the people 
resnnir tluir contributions of supplies, and 
leave u^ the proceeds of the Fairaas a clear 
additiuu to our income, we shall have to 
curtail oiu* operations instead of extending 
thoni. 

Tlure is a good deal of pains taken in 
mauy (nmrtt-rs l»y persons who have never 
given the matter live minutes' examination, 
to siJiead this misapprehension as to the 
extent c^f our resources. It is constantly 
6tate«l in public and private, that we have 
more money than we need, and that n<3t 
only oii.uht there be no more contributitms 
ij'.ad«; to us, but a i)ortinn Of those which 
we lijiv' actually received ought to be de- 
voted to the establishment of an asylum for 
invalid sohliers. There is nothing that we 
desire m<»re than to be able to i>rovide an 
institution ot this kind. The subject has 
lieen l»»ng under consideration, and we are 
r<-'ady to take ui) work the nuinent we find 
we have something to spare art<?r meeting 
the nee-'ssitii's of the batth^l-'ld. liut we 
doubt if anybijdy will assert that the man 
vh»> is lying mangled on tin; lield, or in the 
li<>sj»ital, has nov the first s-nd strongest 
claim im our assistance. As long as bat- 
th s are occurring or likely io occur, such 
iis tlie reeent on( 8 in Yirgini;, lasting twice 
u.s loii;r and ili: aiding twice :'.s many men 
as anybody expected, and le::ving miles of 
c*'unlry ct)VC!red with dead and dying, we 
c<.rtaiiily cannot take ui)on ourselves, and 



the public will not expect us to do so, to 
withhold from one sick or wounded man, 
on any X)reteuce whatever, any assistance 
which he necils and which it is in our power 
■ to render. Our first duty is to assist iu cur- 
ing him of his wound, or his fever; onr next, 
to assist in taking care of him afterwords. 
At present, wo are only equal to the dis- 
charge of one of them; it remains with the 
I)ublic to say whether we are to discharge 
both. 

We do not doubt that much of the fall- 
ing off in the contributions of goods, is due 
to the exhaustion of household stores and 
the enoiiuous rise in the price of nearly, 
every ariicle of general consumption. To 
the moss of i)eople tliroughout the country 
it is undoubtedly harder to give now than 
it was two years ago. All we can say on 
this point is, that an increase of sacrifice 
and iirivation is the inevitable consequence 
of the x)rolongation of the war. The longer 
it last«, the more wo must all sufTer, the 
citizen at home as well as the soldier in the 
field. We shall have every week a greater 
numl)er of woimded and disabled men on our 
hands, whom it is our duty to take core of, 
and it is a duty wluoh we cannot and 
ought not to shirk. It, no doubt, every day 
costs more to do it, but it is none the loss 
sacred and imperative for all that. To this, 
people must make up their minds. We as 
well as the army in the field, have enlisted 
for the war, be it long or short. 

.We are glad to say the indications now 
are that it will be very short. There is 
every reason to believe that the coming 
summer will put an end to all fighting on 
a great scale. If the military operations 
continue as they have begun, it is all but 
certain that we shall see them reduced by 
next November to mere police duty 
against gtierrillos, leaving the Medical De- 
partment abundantly able to meet all de- 
mands on it, whether ordinary or extraor- 
dinaiy. During the interval between now 
and tlu^n, however, the Sanitary Commis- 
sion will need, and earnestly requests from 
the i^ublic the same amount and the same 
kind of sui3i)ort which it has hitherto re- 
ceived. In other words, the Fairs have 
not rendered the regular collection and 
transmission of clothing, yegetables, stim- 
ulants, delicacies, linen, lint, and, in iaot» 



The Sanitary Commission Btdletin. 



419 



of every article tliat sick or wounded men 
can needy one whit less necessary than 
ever. 

The General Secretary of the Sanitary 
Commission haA addressed the following 
letter to the Boston Journal, in correction 
of some recent statements of that paper; 
giving also an interesting account of the 
general results of the fairs lately held for 
the benefit of the Sanitary Commission: 

U. S. Sakitabt CoMMisaiojf. 823 B'wat, ) 
Mkmt York, Apftl 2t), 1864. ) 

To the Editor of the Boston Joumai: 

In the Journal of the 27th inst. is an 
article, headed ** The Sanitary and Chris- 
tiau Commissions/' in which you remark, 
after a well- deserved commendation of the 
Christian Commission and its peculiar 
work, that the ** Sanitary Commission has 
now more funds than it can judiciously 
spend, if the war continues a year longer; 
that its storehouses are filled with goods, 
and its treasury is overflowing." This 
statement is very erroneous, and of a char- 
acter to injure tlie ciiuse of the United 
States SanitaiT Commission. The store- 
houses of the Commission are not ** filled 
with goods. " The series of fairs has ar- 
rested the flow of sanitary stores to such 
an extent, that the receipts at the store- 
houses of the Commission have for some 
months past been at least f/ti/ per cent. I^^ss 
than for a corresponding period of 1803. 
Previously to the series of fairs lately held, 
the Sanitary Commission received about 
six dollars' worth of stores to every dollar 
in money, and could barely meet the urgent 
demands for sup2)lies in the fiold and hos- 
pitals, by economizing its expenditures, 
and by very large purchases of such articles 
as condensed milk, condensed colloe, stim- 
ulants, anti-scorbutics, bed clothing and 
hoft|>ital clothing. 

The Sanitary Commission has not re- 
ceived into its treasury all the funds raised 
by the fairs; more than half has gone into 
the treasuries of branch associations, aud 
been expended in the purchase of supple- 
mentary stores. If the Sanitary Commis- 
sion ha<l received all the money raised by 
the various fairs, it still would be straitened 
in its means by the great falliug off in the 
supply of supplementary stores. As the 
flow of supplies into the storehouses has 
fallen off more than fifty ])er cent. , while 
the demands upon the Commission have 
everywhere increased, you can readily un- 
derstand that the necessity of purchasing 
out of the funds of the Co'mmis.sion, at the 
present Idgh prices of everything, not only 
prevents any thing Uke an ** overflowing'* 
treasary, but threatens a rapid exhaustion. 
The Siuiitary Commission' has now existed 



nearly three years, and attained a large 
measure of the confidence of the public 
and of the national forces. It* operations 
reach every column of the army, and meet 
a corresponding dependence on the part of 
the soldiers. If the i)eoplo are i>ersuaded 
that the Sanitary Commission has grown 
rich, and therefore in need of nothing, in 
less than two months the storehouses of 
the Commission will be empty and its 
treasury exhausted, in the vain attempt to 
eke out the funds raised by the fairs in the 
purchase of the supplies of flannel under- 
clothing, dried fruits, blankets, stimulants, 
&c., &c. 

The peoj)le all over the country must be 
stimulated to continue their contributions 
of stores, or else the victims of the fearful 
campaigns now pending will fail to receive 
the full mejisure of succor aud comfort that 
they have ln^retofon* received from the 
homes of the land, through the agency of 
the United States Sanitary Commission. 
Let the Christian Commission be sustained 
in its glorious work, but let it not be by 
any diversion of either stores or monej for 
such a purpose from the channels of the 
United States Sanitary Commission. 
Very respectfuUv, 

Your obedient servant, 

J. FosTEii Jenkins, 

Gen. Ser. of the U. S. Sanitary Com'n. 



THE WORK OF THE C0:MMISSI0N IS 
PKEVENTING DISEASE. 

As the sickly season in the regions occu- 
pied by our armies is again api^roachiug, and 
large numbers of raw troops are going into 
camp, we deem it well to call attention to the 
preventive dei)artment of our work — that 
of "insi>ection," which, in the excitement 
caused by the sufferings of those who have 
fallen in action, is apt to be overlooked, 
and yet the gaps made in our ranks by tlis- 
ea.se are far greater than those caused by 
even bullets or bayonets. 

A large i)ortion of the national army is in 
a section of counti-y notorious for the pro- 
duction of malaria, an enemy more insidious 
and more dangerous than jiU the physical 
forces tli.it the rebels can bring to bear 
against the loyal trooi)s. The records of the 
human race are filled with instances which 
prove the truth of which we speak. The 
rapid and overwhelming disaster to the 
forces of Sennacharib is familiar to readers 
of hLstory, but it was scarcely more rapid or 
more crushing than the malarious destruc- 
tion of the French army in 1528, which, 
whilo preparing to \>vi*\\i^^ \Xi^ lci\\& \ft.^- 



420 



The Sanitary Commission livTkfin. 



to<?tinj? BidiHy was almost totally detitrojed 
bv ilisease. Of 28,000, but 4,000 remained 
alive, jiiid they were helpless. 

Ill Welliugton's Peninsular Campaigns, 
from January, 1811, to 1814, the battle of 
Allnicra, (one of the most despcrato and 
bloody of the Peninsular War,) Salamanca, 
Vittoria, the l^yrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Or- 
thes, and Toulouse, were fought, and Bad- 
ajos, Ciudad Hodrigo and Ban Sebastian 
Were stormed, besides many skirmishes not 
included in the list of battles, the entire 
loss in battles was 2,550, while that from 
siekni.'ss was 7,257. 

The average annual loss of the whole 
British Army during the Peninsular War 
was one hundred and sixty-live men out of 
every thousand. Of these, one hundred 
and thirteen died by disease or accident. 

From 1803 to 1812, the average annual 
dentil- rate of the whole British Army 
*' abroad" was 80 per 1,000—71 ])y disease, 
and t) by wounds in action. In the war 
with Biirmah, the loss by military forces 
was thirty -live per thousand, and from sick- 
ness the loss was four hundred and fifty 
per thousand. 

lu July, Aug. and Sept., 1854, the British 
Army in the Crimea lost at the rate of two 
hundred and ninety -three men out of every 
tliousaud per annum. Ninety-six per cent. 
of this loss was from disease. During the 
next three months, October, November and 
December, 1854, their loss wjis at the annual 
rate of live hundred and eleven out of every 
tliousaud — seven-eightlis of which loss was 
by diseiuse. In January, 1855, it was at 
the rate of 1,174 per 1,000 per annum — 97 
per cent, of this loss being due to disease. 
During the lii-st three months of that year 
it was at the annual rate of 1)12 per 1,000 — 
and ninety- eight x>er cent, of the loss was 
due to disease. 

While the armies were encamped in the 
valley of Varna, ** in the mitlst of large shal- 
low lakes, surrounded by level, si)ongy 
lands, indented with little hollows, ilried 
and cracked by the recession and evapora- 
tion of the winter floods — low brushwood, 
rank in vegetation, bounding uplands, a 
deficiency of potable water, with a high 
tem})eriiture, we have all the elements of a 
tlevastnting aicknoss. In the high temper- 
atuTo of the day, heavy mosses oi stooui 



spread themselves over the camps, and at 
night heavy, chilling dews invaded every 
part of the camp, and carried poison to 
every sleeper. The tents were thin and 
permeable, the rations execrable, and no 
protecting care was exercised." A medical 
philosopher, with these facts before him, 
knows the result already. The French and 
Turks suffered terribly. Macleod says the 
hospitals recalled the horrors of Boccaocia 
Half of the army of Espinasse, in the Dob- 
nitcha, disappeared as by a whirlwind, and 
the panic among the survivors was beyond 
description. Cholera, intermittent and re- 
mittent fever, typhus, and dysentery took 
possession of the camps — the encampment 
was broken up, and the army fled precipi- 
tately from the scene of the disaster — ^but 
the enemy retained possession of the men, 
and the horrors of Varna continued to fol- 
low them. The survivors continued for 
years to feel the dreadful visitation of the 
Dobrutcha, and those who seemed to have 
passed unscathed, showed in subsequent 
wounds that the seeds of the poison of the 
camp had been merely latent. Among the 
English, there were in three months 897 
deaths from cholera, and 75 from dysen- 
tery and diarrhea. Dr. Aitkin says: "My 
estimates lead with still greater force to the 
conclusion, that the amount of sickness at 
Varna was greater than that of the French 
army in Spain, and nearly as great as the 
army of Portugal while engaged in* very 
active campaigns, and this, too, though not 
a soldier ^on Lord Kaglau's army had tired a 
shot." From October, 1854, to April, 1856, 
the army of 23,775 men, lost 9,248 by sick- 
ness, and G08 by wounds. In the lost six 
months of the Crimean campaign, including 
the final assaults which carried Sebastopol, 
the French had 21,957 men wounded, and 
101,128 cases of sickness. 

Now, the great mass of this sickness was 
avoidable, and should have been prevented. 
In the Italian campaigns. Napoleon goarded 
his troops against the disasters connected 
with localities. He never encamped his 
armies in the neighborhood of malarial 
sources when he could avoid it, and when 
compelled to make such an encampment, 
he always built fires at night between his 
army and the sources of this poison. We 
\ QaxuealVf -m^ VtbsA. -^^ ooxild engrave in 



The SakUary Commission BvBetin. 



421 



Tivid letters apon the memories of those 
who have the management of the American 
camps the following tmths of SirBaltingolL 
He says: " The experience of all ages has 
proved that the neighborhood of marshes, 
grounds subject to overflow by large rivers, 
surrounded by foul stagnating water, or 
low places covered with wood, are most in- 
jurious to health, and the noxious effluvia 
arising from these situations are augmented 
in proportion to the heat of the climate or 
t^ie season of the year." 

In all pei-ils of this kind, the camp should 
be pitched so that the evening wind will 
blow the marsh air in an opposite direction 
from the camp. When this cannot bo done, 
fires should be burned all night between 
the sources of the malaria and the camp. 
Malaria never acts in daytime nor at uiglit 
upon a wakeful person in motion. Senti- 
nels may walk in safety where a sleeping 
army may be almost destroyed. No garbage 
should be pf;rmitted about camps. Let it 
be buried or thrown into running water. 
It should not bo burned in camp. 

As the sun climbs the ecliptic, he scatters 
the seetls of sickness northward. Kio Ja- 
neiro, Pemambuco, Cuba, Tampico, Vera 
Cruz, New Orleans, Vicksburg, and places 
farther northward take their turn. The 
cause of pestilence is now incubating in 
the regions held by our armies. They can 
and must be protected from the pestih'uco 
that walks in darkness only to those who 
wilfuUy shut their eyes. The men must be 
weU fed, for there is a great truth in the 
aphorism, ** that the first condition of health 
is the good condition of the stomach." M. 
Worms, in his work, ** Bes^ Mdhtdit^s <le la 
Province de Constantine^^* says : ** Those 
who are well nourished pa.ss through or 
even sojourn with impunity in localities 
where others meet with disease and death. 
In the army, where soldiers and officers are 
exposed to the same morbid influences, the 
average deaths are one in twelve of the 
former to one in lifty-four of the latter. 
The offioei's, by the proper nouriKlinient 
and the use of fermented liquors, sustain 
th3 vital energy, which has a tendency to 
fall into inertia, and so escape the efl'ects 
of mahiria, which makes ravages around 
them. The Commissioners of Inquu-y of 
the British Army of Sierra Leone found 



that the main cause of the fearful mortality 
from diseases of the digestive organs there, 
two-fifths of the ca.ses having proved fatal, 
arose from the use of salt rations, and that 
by the substitution of a fresh meat diet, the 
mortality from these diseases was reduced 
to one- tenth of it« former amount. Hali- 
day's testimony is to the same elfect. " 

Up to May 18, 18G2, our armies had lost 
at the rate of flfty-threo per thousand per 
annum, and only forty-four per cent, of 
that loss was by disea.se and accident. 

The last report of the Secretary of War 
states the number of j^atients in General 
Hospital, June 30, 1863, as 9.1 per cent., 
and in Field Hospital 4.4 per cent, of the 
whole national forces; and that of this ag- 
gregate of 13.5 per cent., 11 were cases of 
sickness, and 2.5 of wounds or other casu- 
alties. This is a most gratifying statement, 
especially when contrasted with the sick- 
ness rat^s of foreign armies in the field, and 
of our own during the Mexican war. 

In estimating the value of these fip^res, 
it must be remembered that the conditions 
under which onr soldiers serve have been 
generally unfavorable. Tbeir field of ojie- 
rations includes, as wo have said, large dis- 
tricts quite as insalubrious as any i)art of 
Spain, Portugal, or the Crimea. There has 
at all times (and especially during the first 
year of the war) been among them a large 
proportion of half-disciplined recruits and 
of inexperienced otticers, while the soldiers 
of Great Britain, in the Peninsula and the 
Crimea, were regulars under liigh discipline, 
and commanded by professional officers. 
The Commissiiriat and the Medical Depart- 
ment of the British Army wore parts of a 
system long established and matured. In 
May, 18f>*2, ours were newly organized, (for 
the purposes of this war,) and not yet in 
perfect working order. The Peninsular 
and Crim«^au Armies had, therefore, ma- 
terial advantages over our own. Yet we 
have lost far fewer men hy disease. Even 
on Morris Island, and in the pestileutial 
swamps of the lower Mississippi, our loss 
by disease h;is bev'U smaller than that of any 
army about whieli we have authentic infor- 
mation. For this great fact — e<iuivalent to 
the addition of hundreds of mill ions to «»ur 
national resources— the nation can never bo 
suflicieutly UiauWlxxi. ^o \\wmvi\i ^i.-^'isviR.^ 



42J 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin^ 



toulil liiive iiisurod it. Tliougli the iiverage 
iiit«'lli;.r»'iif»' Jiinl cnltimj of our conimou 
s«»l«lit'r.s jire licyoiul thos(^ of any army 
evt-r y<t ]Ait into tlio firlil, ami thuugli tho 
iiieiliiMl .-tiiirnnd the Sanitary Commission 
liiivf woikiMl ililigoiitly in tlieir rtsj)t»ctive 
splnTi.s, a lih-s.siii;^ so ^Tcat, oxiifptioual, 
ami inilinpnl for can ha attributed to none 
l)ut tin? ili^^liir.'it cause. 

And ytt till' Commission claims credit 
forlia\in;;^ ccmtribntt'd in some dogi'Oi: to 
tills liipity rt'siilt, by its systeia of saiiitju'y 
in^|H'i"tiuii of iMiiips, po^t.s :ind ]i(j.s])ital24. 

This was th<; chief object ciHitemphittMl 
by thi' Conimis.sion when it wits created ))y 
Ciov(*ninuiii. As has already been stated, 
our aniu«\s wiiv, diu'iug the summer of 
lM.il, in M-rious danger of destruction by 
ej>id( iiii<r disease. Modern sanitary science 
\vas hiinlly reciij^'iiized in the anci«'nt regii- 
l.■llil»Il^^ ol" the niiMlieal bureau. Its ollicers 
i-uuid n«.»t b«» expected to go beyond the 
striiL line ot uilicial duty when that duty 
was unnv^ than quadrupled. The lirst busi- 
ness c)i the (.'omniission, therefure, was 
to awaken general attention to the sanitary 
interests of tin; army, and to do what it 
c«.»iild l«» improve the sanitary condition of 
camps, viuartei's, hospitals, and men. 

Jt.viitout medical inspectors forthwith 
to warn in«*X]>erienced olileers «if the peril 
to which iillh. bad ventilation and bad food 
exposed their men and themselves. It 
lavught to lii:ir upon Cb>vei'nment the iu- 
llariurL' of th«' metiit.'al profession through- 
out the country, i?Hrcted the extension and 
invigoiation of the medicjd bureau, and 
secured the express reiM);^iiiiioii of the ju-e- 
vi lit ion of disease, no les^s than it-s cnri', 
as anmng tin' funetinusof the medical stall". 
CioverniiM-nt novr employs its i)wn sanitary 
in.spi'clors. imd dvies a ci-rtain portion of 
thr pieveiitivi' work which tlie Commis.sioii 
did diirinjr the tlr-^t year of its existence. 
But thf C!«.'miiiissii>n still keeps up an in- 
sp«'».-ti<ri:d corps, auxiliary" io that of (Gov- 
ernment. fi»r the latter is nunuTically une- 
ijuul to its f^reat work, and tliero are s]>e- 
cial eau^rs Ix'.side tliat have thus far inter- 
fered with its illii'ii'iicy. 

Ivich insi>ect<»r on visiting a cami) f**" 
IHisi 1 Jilts himself, in the iir.st jdaci-, in 
commiinicatitm with its military authori- 
ties, ajjd asks their co-oi)ei*jitiou in his 



work. This being secured, lie proceeds to 
iuvestigato the eonditiou of the men in 
every particiilai* that bears on their liability 
to disease, and the sufficiency of the reme- 
dial agencies within their reach. He in- 
quires into tho quality of their water-sup- 
ply, food, cooking and clothing — ^the ven- 
tilation and tho cleanliness of their camp 
or quarters — the position of their latrines 
— tho provision for the removal and de- 
8t ruction of refuse and offal — the equip- 
ment of their field or post hos^^ital — their 
ambulance service — tho competency of 
their medical ollicers — the ssdubrity or in- 
salubrity of their camp-site or post — the 
RuHlciency of their bedding and blankets, 
the character of 4he diseases tliat have pre- 
vailed among them, and tho precautions 
thus indicated. On these points ho advLsea 
the medi(!al and milit^iiy authorities of the 
corps as a sanitary expert. His inspection 
gencraUy discloses something that can be 
done to i>roniote the health of the com- 
mand. He finds, for instance, that there 
are tendencies to malarious disease that 
call for (piinine as a prophylactic, or ten- 
dencies to scurvy, that requii'o supplies of 
fresh vegetables, or that there is a deficien- 
cy of stimulants, bedding, articles of lios- 
pitul diet, or disinfecting material. If tho 
want, whatever it is, can be promptly sup- 
plied through the regular official chtinuoLs, 
he Sees that this is done— but if it cannot, 
or if (as is often tht^ case) something is re- 
quired which (lovernment does not under- 
taki* ti) Hupxily, ho calls on the relief de- 
partment i)i the Commi.ssion, which sup- 
plies it according to its ability. If the offi- 
cer who should obtain it be inexptirienced 
in reipii^itions and supply tiibles, the in- 
spector is uhlv. to assist him. If the defect 
arise from cornq)tioii or iucapaeity, he re- 
ports the fact. It sometimes happens that 
the health of a camp is endangon»d by 
want, not of supplies, but of some work 
for which authority cannot at once be ob- 
tained. In this case money is ajipropriated 
by the standing committee, or, in ease of 
emergency, by the associate secretary, on 
the in>i)ect<u*'s report. Tho Commission 
has done nmch work of this class. It Los 
inqirovi'd the viutilaiion of ho.'iulals, dug 
wells to improve the wnter-.'^uivply of cam|)8, 
built temporary hospitals and quurtei-s, to 



The Sanitary Commiasum BiMetin. 



423 



replace unwholesome and dangerous build- 
ingSy f umislied and fitted up hospital trans- 
ports, and converted ordinary railroad cars 
into railroad ambulances, with cooking 
apparatus and store-rooms, and litters hung 
on springs, in which thousands of men vnih 
fractured limbs have traveled thousands of 
miles without suffering or injury. 

The results of every inspection are noted 
on blank.s pro^-ided for the purpose, and 
are sevenilly reported. Each report covers 
about two hundred distinct points affecting 
the sanitary condition ancl wantfi of the 
force inspected. More than 2,000 of these 
rei>orts have been accumulated. They are 
digested and tabulated, as received, by a 
comi>etent actuary. It is believed that the 
body of military and medical statistics thus 
collected is among the largest and most 
valuable in existence. It can hardly fail 
to furnish conclusions of the utmost im- 
portance to sanitary science. 

The Commis.sion employs other agencies 
also for the prevention of disease. It urges 
measures of sanitary reform on the atten- 
tion of Government. It furnished mate- 
rial for the vaccination of thousands of 
men at a time, now happily past, when the 
medical bureau was unable to supply the 
tenth part of what was needeJ, and issued 
what it had only after a fortnight's delay. 
It has thus stayed the ravages of small-pox 
in regiments crowded on board transports, 
after that disease had actually begun to 
spread among their men. 

It has done much beside to protect our 
soldiers against this peril. During the first 
year of the war, for instance, all cases of 
"eruptive disease" in one of our most im- 
portant military departments were con-si^icu- 
ed indiscriminately to a single liosx)ital, 
from wliich men were ** discharged cured " 
of mumi>s or measles, and rejoined their 
regiments to sicken and die of small-pox 
contracted in this ** hosjutal,'* so called, 
and to infect and kill their comrades. It 
was through th« persevering remonstrance 
and ijrotest of the Commission that this 
murderous abuse was at last corrected. 

The Commission has also circulated 
throughout the army, and esx)ecially among 
the medical staff, many hundred thousand 
copies of its medical documents. This se- 
iie» now numbers eighteen publications, 



each devoted to some special point of pre- 
vention or cure. Some of them are ad- 
dressed to the individual soldier, but the 
great majority are for the use of the medi- 
cal staff, and rehite to the prevention or 
treatment of the diseases to which camps 
are specially exposed, and to sundry oi)era- 
tions of military surgery with which it 
cannot be expected that surgeons recently 
appointed from civil life should be gener- 
ally familiar. These monograi^hs have 
been prei)ared at the request of the Com- 
mission, by some of the most eminent phy- 
sicians and surgeons of the countr}'. Em- 
bodying, in a condensed form, the latest 
results of science, they have been of grcAt 
use to our army surgeons, who often en- 
counter cases for which their previous 
practice has not sx^ecially prepared them, 
and who have neither medical libraries nor 
opi)ortuuities for consultation. 

The Commission institutes special inspec- 
tions, also, from time to time, outside of its 
general inspection system. It employs 
medical agents to look into the condition 
of such camf)s or hospitals as seem to re- • 
(piire special attention, and to ascertain 
and report the wants of our armies during 
or immediately after a trying campaign. 
Within the past year it has made a thorough 
insi)ection of all general military hospitals, 
east and west, eninloying for this purpose 
medical practitioners of the highest profes- 
sional stan<ling. Their recommendations 
of improvemc^nt in our hospital system and 
its administration have been submitted to 
the proper authorities. 

The relief agents of the Commission are 
not expressly charged with the office of 
sanitary inspection, but their roi)()rt3 and 
journals, sent in at short intervals, help to 
keep the Commission informed of the con- 
dition of the army, and of the measures re- 
quired to maintain it in health, at every 
X^oint from Annapolis to New Orleans. 

As has been already stated, it is, from the 
nature of the case, impossible accurately to 
estimate how many men have been saved 
from death or disease, and how much effi- 
ciency has been economized for the country 
by this proveutive Rer^'ice, for though the 
results of the treatment of disease can be 
more or less accurately recotvl^^vV^ \.Vvi x^^oS^* 
of mca&uxes lox iVa \>xcve\i\)\v>\i ^i-isxiMVjNkXi^ 



421 



77/6 SnnKanj Commission BvTIefm. 



stjitr-.l witli any kind of certainty. Tlic only 
att:-.iii:il»It'tlat:i an' tln'iuTcMiita;^*" (»f diM-asi; 
annni,4 nMii t«»"i\li(»iii siu-li nrrviiitivc imns- 
iirt- have iH'cn aj)ii]i«Hl, and anmn^^ those 
in \\]n>iii tli'-y li:ive net. TlitMifrli iniVri'no*'"^ 
fidi-'i ;i r«»nij»aristin of i\u'. two jin- n»)t al)so- 
inti'lyt't l»i«ri'li<. il on. .bceans*' \v(M'an ni'Ver 
l)(.'qu;[«' sJiri' that llic conditions of any t\\o 
ca--t s ]i;i\e lu'cn i>n'ciM'iy the wmie,) a coni- 
]);iriM>ii of th«; mortality rates of onr army 
wiih tliMse nf the Hritihh arniirs in th*- C'i- 
m*-.\ ::iid tliirin^ tlie i*»'Jiins.ilar war, which 
w.' li.ive ^'iven ahnve, ^\ill, n;'vcrtheh'.s.<. 
thrnw -iinir li.ulit on the (lUe.^liou. 



WHAT THE COMMISSION ll.\S DoNK FOli 
(IKANTS AK.MV. 

S..i:ii- aci-onnt will In- huind in ])r. Sie[- 
nt-r's i-Hi nn andthrr pji^rr, «•! tii«' i"n|i.ii:;- 
ti"i s I'l.ul- l.y th.' Fix Id ll^.-li'f Crip^of ihc 
C'•>l!l!lJ:'^v:.lll ii.i' tli«* niiivrniriit in Virginia. 
Wli.it Wi- h:iv.' <lt»iii'. isnd an* tldinj.- tor the 
Av..;ii:-l.il «if (irant's ;.,d<>ri<»us "^-i^lit days" 
nuiy 1..- id'-ano'i imm lh«- f-'llnwinL:' extmcts 
fi-niii ,,):]■ r. I'lirrs, 31 r. Kn:i|»|» writes fr<.ni 
. AVa-.Iiiii-t..n. May li: 

•• Y.Mi w,'r<' inf..nned hy ].)j'. (':d Iw. li 
y.st.Ml-\ that, at \'2 ^l., v.«- smt t-. ];.JIe 
I*];iiii ili«- 3I:iry V. ll:ii?l.y. >Jeain tran-'i»i..rt. 
wit': -.iviy VI h'« f a;.r-iit^ and se\enly-}ive or 
(i'.-'lit;. ii.:i<i.i' :is>(irt<'d -anilar> "NtoreK, the 
A< •'•• : i..!\ii:;/ in to'.v :i l.;;riLrr with twrnty- 
<'ii'' !••-'••-. :ind live ^tniiiL: waimn^. We 
l::i\. !'■:.. I. d 1.. d;iy ."iMilliei' l-:il':..'- witli si\- 
t'«;i "i-.r-t's :Mid fiiur jMir«-lii;>.d wa;-••^n^^. 
CMTyi'.' tin- ni -r.-viiy {.-ra-f. :\\u] to-niMlit. 
i'V :■: .!:;y;ivlit i]i l!jc neMliin;.', si'.- will ^.^n 
down. iMWi-.i hy lln- Tn-lwi.ii (h.v. Cnriin. 
aN-» .■■.;:, t'-n<l Icirlh.- pnriMi;!'. AViih tins.' 
nin-- iiMia^ ihi- s!ii.j.ii,.v; ,..mi '.o mi to 
.fn-.j. !ir;;>lniri:ra]>i«ily, wh. •)••.■ ili. -re i< n.=-d 
"1" :i!'!:i. I c-,!! :.--iir>'yoii. ailhon-- !, ( ;(,v. rn- 
lii' :i; i- i'.;iki;i:r e\«Ty I .\. itii.ji 1., vi!),},ly 
til'- H'-mI .. :i!hI i^ r..ni::i!tly >:M.\viii-_: in- 
ep-;:- •■r.-.-'oility to j.iit in prartic' w Iim*. v. ,ri' 
la-l \.:r r.-;/;;rd-d :. - .■•dy .•\i..-rii;;i-iii., 

Ti.!:- ♦'. • < i')\( !lll|!.!.i li:i-; ].!•« h iltil, ;.!id 

a.iiJiii-.iMy, Iwo l::r;;.' li..-).i».i| n-i-.iisj.nrt.., 
aiel .:• - :.! ^.» ari-;.j;.;rd |'..v l", .di!!:-; thr>i.-!; 
..:i 1. ;Td tlie nt!i." l-..;t^ uhi.-li :.r.- n..l. 
ri :■•;.■:• i'i";.liii',^ ri"^j.i!:i\. A nii-f a-i jit 
(n" li: S i;iiiar\ ("■.iiij-ii'^-icM i';rm«- iij» ];!^t 
niu'r \ ill J! liO-L-.' }'.!rly Ml til.- w.'!iiid« d. 
Ti;.-y .■.■;ia.d heiv al li A. :M., h.ivin- hiL 



Fretlericksbiirg ycstcrdiiy. He says our re- 
lief a^Miits who aooomnjinied tho army with 
tlieir \va«:?ou.s anil stores, remlerod invalii- 
al»U» service, of which ho is writ in jr now a 
brief n-jiort, wliich I will send you to-mor- 
r«>w. He returns on our tugboat Uuviug 
to-ni«rht (»r in tho moruiug-. 

*• To-nn»rrow^ wo hope, at Baltimore, to 
hire a lu)jit with which to curry another load 
of supplies up tho Jamos I\i vcr, wln-ri> there 
is hard lightinpf, and likely to )>o more i»f 
it, and where, doubtless, the needs must 
be j^reat. That boat, if (tbtained, will take 
uj) a (pnintity of tho saurkraut. ve.uetabks, 
]ii(dvles, \{.'.. iirdtTed for Norfolk. This will 
save J)r. M«- Donald tho necessity i.'f Ifaviug 
his jMist with his st<»reboat. Twenty-tivo 
relief ;!.u:<"nts either have started, or will 
start, for ]Jelh' Plain this «ftornt>on. We 
slirdl send some more to-niom»w. Our sup- 
plies j'.ri* thus far abundant." 

Dr. Si*. ini*r ro]>orts: 

Hfl'f ri'i'm, \'*t.. Mty 11. — We steamed ilown 
th« r<.t«'iii:;r v»ithi»ut anv (»ocinTenec of iutcrcht 
until w.- ].issid a tninsimrt lilli-d with troops, 
bound ft r \Va^li7nu:toii, wlm «,'iiv».Mhe I'.uijof th*' 
('«»ninii^**i(»n tlmo luavty <-lu«rs. Sim in alter 
d:nk we narhtd our titct of lu^spital st^ani- 
hnats ,iijd b;u;;.i <. at th«- wliaif (»1 P»i lie riain. 
Ihn- I v» nt aNh.jivwith Mr. V\\\\ and saw .Mci.l- 
ic:d hi^jMM-tur WilsiiM. io wlioni 1 intHMhu-t^il 
niys»ir. Ill s:iitl: *Y«ai see \\nw is eneiTiu'h 
wuil. t«> 1h' «li^n»' Inn'; I ne« d nut puiut it out: 
lo.»k ;ni»und and y(Mi will find it. ' No sooner 
saiil ih.ni diMie. F.iy's Auxiiiaiy lli liet" Corps 
iriiaii-dijii.-ly ti'ok ho]. I. It is <li\nlrd into li\e 
divisiMiis. 'lliat s( i-tion under eharqe of I^ 
liiiiinu- Mippli^d the men (>n the halites with 
h«>t r.'IJ. .. li.i !' tea and eiatkeis wjiilr the 
s(]u:id ui <1. r i-li.iJLie of Mr. i>i'nnist«»n pitched ti 
\AYLy t«ni. and niatlo i-Jianj^uiHiits ti.»r ^'ettinj* 
thing's In ii'4lit>i. 'Il)us tiny worked imtil ni(»re 
than niii' hr.inln-d woundid nu*n were si nt olV 
in urn- \><.y,\\. aii'l otlnrs prepaid t«.» i,'«». Th»S'.» 
la]'i)i>, havf lu'iii (if th»' most heaHiendin^ 
ill s.-riptjiMi. llii^nidi th<! wouiuUd were handled 
with ::!] p-.^-ibU- trnd.-niess. 

\Ve]!:i\c s. nt nir four wa;_:t«ns to Fre«Ur:cVs- 
bui-: I'-a liil witli saniiaiy siipplii s. 'lhen»ees- 
siiiis ni il;is ])ost will rt«iinie na* t«» rcmuiu 
h.i-.' td-day. J»r. Cuyli-r will I e in oharp.-, and 
is Ij.ri- alicady; un«l Wilson v.ill «^ii to Fredt-r- 
irksl.ii;^. 'Aliiilu.r iKniLiljis has alnady ^'oue. 
I'l.pi- u;-n-s V. itli the train as stonkeiper. and 
I-'.iv V. il! sicaii a ston. lioii^^; for him in s««u:e 
j..Lit of th.^ t.uvii. On tl.e whole, the wants of 
Uh! woMiiihdat tliis point are so j/n-al tliat help 
i-i as iiapi rarivi ly ihniau<li.-d. as it nmsl hi> 
IVi . ly 'j^.-ii. Tla; aruiy may hav<- startnl with 
sp|. iidi 1 .s ij.pli.s-, loit 'sueh'jin unj-n-i-i'dented 
s.iii< Mt" « n-a/.'Unnts have never, hertlolore, 
li«.< n iiiiowii. and lie.HH'. any am«iunt t>f rrj^nlar 
.-.uppli. s \\..al 1 I:..- too suiail to nit.-t thf ona-r- 
;^.i«.'y. 1 hive h. ard that our Field luliof 
Cuiiis Was wurkinj^ in the ucighUirluHxl of 



The Sanitary Commisaion BvJleHn. 



425 



Fredeiicksbarg, altboqgli a report reaches me 
thit Wilcox — one of the Second Corps Relief 
Agents was captured with his wagon while 
coming in from the front I have sent messages 
in all directions for the agents to re])ort here, if 
possible, with their wagons, so as to secure hU 
the necessary supplies for our wonuded in the 
hospitals. I presume to-morrow they will be 
here. 

From Mr. Wilcox, in charge of the Field 
Relief Agency, with the Third and Fourth 
Diyisions, Second Corps, we get the fol- 
lowing: 

Wednesday, May 4, — Accompanying the 
ambulance trains, under charge of Lieut, ishook, 
of the Third Division, Second Army Corps, (a 
part of which had moved the evening previous,) 
we took up the line of march from our camp 
near Brandy Station, proceeding to Ely's Ford, 
which point we reached at dark, crossed the 
run, and bivouacked near the river. 

Tfnirsihnj, May 5. — We continued our march 
toward Chiincelloraville, which point we readi- 
ed at 9 o'clock A. iL, and bivouuckeiL After 
an hour's rest, the march was resumed in the 
direction of Todd's Tavern. Up to 3 P. M., 
nothing indicating the whereabouts of the 
enemy wi-s apparent at the point of the column 
ocenoied by us; but on arriving at a point with- 
ia about three miles north of "Todd s Tavern, 
skinniKhiug with musketry, and occasional ar- 
tillery shots began to be heard. At this time 
an order was received from Gen. Hancock to 
change route. We then retraced our steps, and 
oountermarchea al)Out two miles, to a i>oiiit 
where a road bearing to the right of Todd's 
T*vem was met, which we took. Marching in 
this direction several miles, we came upon the 
rear of our lines, where the wounded were be- 
ing brought in; and a point whs here dcHipt- 
nated as the hospital of the Third and Fourth 
Divisions, • where I located my wagons and 
pitchcil my hospital tent. 

It was now quite dark, and the fightinfj had 
been conducted unth vigor in our front all day, 
continuing until about o'clock. The wounded 
were alreiuly numerously strewn throuj^li the 
grove where our hospitals were locateil, and 
the demands for our siinitary stores became 
fireiiuent and large. The simitar>' supplies were 
acknowledged by the surgeons in charge as 
most timely and prompt. Undrnlothinp: and 
blankets were the first articles in dennind— the 
need for the latter being particularly urgent. 

It may here be properly nMiiarked, that 
throughout the line of march from camp at 
Brandy Stition, a great waste of blaiiikets could 
be noticed. The day was warm, and the soldiers 
wished to enter the battle unincumberecL The 
roads were strewn with blankets to nn extent 
which warrimts the belief that enough were 
thrown away to have ami)ly provided fur every 
man who was wounded; wherea.s, owinj^ to this 
waste, hundieds were obliged in lie in the 
night air almost naked, with wounds exposed. 

Friday, May 0.— Tiic battle raged to-day in 
our front with terrific fnrj-, during which our 
forces were obliged to relimiuish three succes- 
sive advantages gained on the previous day. 
The business of dispensing sanitary Hupplios 
was carried on briskly all cUiy, requiring every 



effort to fill the demands. The wagons attached 
to the First and Second Divisions of our army 
corps, under Air. Holbrook, were located at a 
short distance from my own, though the de- 
mands upon them not being so great as ou 
mine. At the close of this clay my supplies of 
clothing, stimulants, &c., <l'c., were almost en- 
tirely exhausted. 

Saturday, May 7. — Little fighting took place 
to-day, but the wounded of yesterday still poured 
into oar hospitals. ' My stock of clothing and 
other articles was in a measure renewed by 
supplies from Mr. Holbrook's wagons. Mr. 
Johnson and Captain Hams spent a portion of 
the day at my depot, and the work progressed 
welL 

Sunday, May 8. — Broke camp with division 
hospitsl' supply train, and went to rhancellors- 
ville, and subsequently to Fredericksburg, (for 
fresh supplies,) where we l)ivouacke<l. On the 
route fr(»m Chancellorsville to Fredericksburg, 
we acconq^anied a train of ambulances and army 
wagons, loaded with wounded soldioEs and offi- 
cers. The sufferings of these men cannot in 
any degree be realizeiL "The road— an old 
plank road— was in a wretched coiKhtion, and 
the groans and shrieks of the sufferers were 
tnily heart-rending. On this march the pres- 
ence of the sanihiry supplies were acknowl- 
edged by the poor men to be a goilsend, inas- 
tmuch as ours were the onlu supplies in a train 
of two hundred wagons and ambulancf's. Crack- 
era and stimulants, judiciously dispensed, gave 
relief to many suffering soldiers during that 
tedious march of twelve hours. We arrived at 
Fredericksburg at midnight, the hciaid of the 
column having reached tbat ])lace at noon on 
Suntlay, and the work of transferring the wound- 
ed to the houses was commenced. A tedious 
and painful work was this. A former actpiaiut- 
ance with the town emibled mo to point out the 
most suitable houses for hospitid i>urp«»ses, and 
among these the Planters* iiotel, containing a 
large number of rooms furnished with beds, 
&c. This proved a great advantage as a ready 
meaiLS of making many wounded comfortiible. 

Tho following letters from Washington 
explain themselves : 

aiB. Ex.vpp: 

Dear Siu— Four boatloads of wounded men 
arrived during the night, "snz. : 

Connecticut, 1,31)0; Key Port, 425; Wanasett, 
350; Daniel Webster, 400. Total, 2, 175. 

One -fourth i)art were severely wounded. 
Three hundred or more were brought ashore 
on stretchers The surgetui of tho (Connecticut 
says he is de<ply indebted to the Sanitary Com- 
mission for their aid and kindness. The sur- 
geon of the Key Port says: " He does not know 
what he should have done had it in»t been for 
the Sanitary Commission, who furnished him 
"^■ith stimuhmts at Belle Plain for the wounded 
he brought up." 

We gave chocolate this morning to nearly five 
hundred veteran soldiers of tho Sixty -seventh 
Keginient, Pennsylvamia Volunteers. They are 
on their way to tiie front 

We have distributed since last night — 
5 barrels of crackers, 
50 gallons of coffee, 
5U gallons of chocolate. 



42(5 



The Sanitary Commission BvUletin. 







i: 


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v.*. 


1. 


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;• 


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A 




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• ii-i 


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L^t 


ti, 


I- III 


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Mr. 


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■IX \ 


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:iil<>iis of leiuonailp, 

.i:!ni:s of luilk ]mncb. 

f'-.l iht? nmlnil.mee drivers, at the 

>rr. Tucker, Supuniitciulfnt of tlio 

«.' iri>s c»f Wiishiiijj'ioii. M<^st of 
s linvebeen on duty, iii;j;ht aiiJ day, 

fii:;r days, and I liuvi.' ytt to hear 

u'rninlile. 

luc-riis mncli praise f(»r liis zt'al in 
fn'ding uud looking' afu-r the wound- 

Ytiiir obedient servant. 

J. 15. Abbott. 



WAsiirs»iT(»N. I>. C, TJi'.irM.iy, May 12. 

Mr. lvM:i|in ULfain iisks iiw to j^ivo you a short 
ncior.iit Ml tht' condition of our w«irk. Thi* 
llu\>\ y riiihd ji^'iiin this afttni(u»n. ln.idi'd with 
s»'V. my IT t'i:^'hty tons of stores. Mr. lairohihl 
Wont \\ith ht-r. in chiiru'fj of tliirty vohtutocr 
nui-MS. iinluilin^ Tiliss NVuolsiy. 

A I'lLi-.^f, with fi.y;hti en horst-s and f«»r,r l.ir«^e 
wai^iMi'. wi ut «lown yt-.stonlay. i)tlV-rs i»f ;ls- 
sisijiii.-.' tVi'Mi all the depart im-nts an,* oi>niinj;iu 
ull ;Iif rliiH-. 

1 rinl^'i". liy ^Ir. Knapp's diri'Otion, three 
1< tiiT-', wlii.'h will j^ive ynu u ^'ot>d ju-eitunt of 
thi- wi>rU di)ni' at the front. 

'111.- \\i:;iudi d that havi- arrived thus far are 
hni :^li ;l;tly injured, and are very well civred lor 
on ibi' Ij.Piii. 

Vours re K^K-ct fully, 

(Sij,'ned,) Ir. C. CAi-nwtii.. 



IJELIKF AtlENTS ASSIST DUUIN'G A liXU^ 
IIOAI) ACCIDKNT. 

David S. Tope. Iti-lief Aiij»'nt. in his aceonut 
of a trip iM Washiiii^'tnn with th«* surplus furni- 
turi'. A.'., i*!" the Sanitary Sluticn, which was 
hioU. n r.[» at JJrandy, i»nthi' niovini^ forward of 
tln' ariiiN. Miy>.: 

•'Al-niit six o'clock next m»»rnin;:r, n train 
pas»i« vl m at aliin»st lii^'htnin'^ s]>iM'd, and then 
came a ii;«^h. We looki-d out of th»' car, an<l 
s.iw ti]«' v.iiM'k of five or six ears InMpi-d up 
al'Ui'_r'-i'l'' of tht- track just a few feet hcyond us, 
jin<l s-l.ii'i^ crawliui^ out from under the ruins. 
Mr. M:tr:-ii. Mr. Duhosij. and niysrlf went np. 
and aiil. il in riniovinj^ the w\>uihhMl. six or 
SfVrn «'[' wlioni were very seriously injuretl; one 
of tlu ni. n\ore than likrly. dii;dbrt«)rehe reach«Hl 
Ah^.ii;<l:i;'.; another will have t<» suiter anijuita- 
tii'u of his le;4, whi^'h was fearfully cru>h«-d. 

•' Wi' were the fortunate instruments oi all* vi- 
aiin.flln irs;illi-rinLjsti>a^'reat extent. AlthoUi^h 
a sKr-jtiui was present, he was unaMe to do 
much, hix stores ami instruments having' pas.sed, 
his re'..inn-nt heiu'^ on the nn»v.*. With our 
stinmlriiits, mattresses, cots and hlankits, we 
niade tlie ])oor fallows comparatively comfort- 
alile. hut th»-y were prr-bahly wiilioui siiri^ical 
attendance until thev rcaciied AlexandriiL*' 



lIOSriT.VLCLOTIlIN(J. 
;>':>- The len^'thof lower lino of the diagram 
pi\inL: the pattern of Uiuinel dmwcrs, in No. 



i:j, was umittetL 
lb inches. 



It bhonld have beeu marked i 



THE HOSPITALS AT WASHINGTON. 
The qanrtorly reix)rtof Mr. Ciddwell, one 
of our Hospital Vwitors in VTAsLiiigton, con- 
tiins some valuable hints for our branches 
of supply. Ho says:) 

Stu— Durincy the quarter ending with 
this d:ito, ('March 31st,) I have ma^lo nearly 
throi* luHulrod visits in the Genernl, Post 
and Kegiiuoutal Hospitals in this Depart- 
mont. 

In Maivh. the two hospitals at Annapolis 
and one ut Annapolis Junction, were added 
to my li-st, it stM^ming to be desirable that 
such important points as those should be 
regularly visitvd by some one from Wash- 
ington, whence their supplies were drawn. 

At no time duiing the quarter has the 
number of patients in the hospit^s in the 
Department at Washington been hirge, and 
tho pn»porti(m of quite siirk, or bed fast, 
such as an* us?ially most in need of the as- 
sistance fumi<5hed by the Commission, has 
been ull the time very small; consecpiently, 
the is>ues to these* hospitals have been 
small. 

The t w«i hosi)itals at Annapolis have l)oen 
partially tilled with the sick among the re- 
h>ased prisoners, and have needed more aid 
than tln»s > in Washington and Alexandria; 
even these have twice receive I all the sick 
from tli»» Army of the Potoijiac. 

(.>n my tirst visit to Auuaptdis I found 
one of the hospitals very much in need of 
didicacies. and a liberal order was made out; 
in the other, I was mucli pleased with the 
admirably ;irratig«»d storeroom well stocked 
with most of the Commission supplies; and 
a large invoice was daily exixHittHl from 
AVashiugton, of such things as were want- 
ing. 

The regiments garrisoning the defences 
i>f Washington, have receivcnl a large num- 
ber of new r(»crtiits; and tht^ir sick lists 
have been larger in proportion; and eon- 
setpiently the issues to them have been 
larger in like proportion. 

M«»st of the Iiospitids depend upon the 
Cl>mmis^^i,ul for their siip^dy of brandy; 
surgeous ill charge understand that they 
canntJt got it from the Medical Purveyor. 
The issii,' f>f tliis precious article has, how- 
ever, bi.MMi smill, atid very carefully made, 
t'lierry cordial and blackberry brandy are 
much esteemed wherever they have been 
iiitro Iu^?od; tliere should be a good supply 
of these stimulants on hand for is>ue in the 
sumni'M*, win Ml tin* complaints for which 
they contribute .so serviceable a remedy, 
are most prevalent. 

In all cases where brandy is called for, I 
endiMivtu- to substitute wine therefor, and 
with various succi'ss. Some surgeons like 
it tpiite as well, while others can make but 
little use of it. 

Dried ai)ples, pickles and porter, have 



The Sanitary Commisaion BuUetin. 



427 



been issued to some hospitals wheu the 
funds were low. 

The pickles are always very acceptable, 
and their quality is very highly i>raLseJ; 
they are usually much bettor than those ob- 
tained iu the market or from the Commis- 

A few cases of peaches that hai)poneil to 
com** this way, wore most highly i)rizctl, 
beiui^ far better than any that could be 
boup:ht here; they were issued only where 
I felt sure they would be well used. 

Domestic wines are but little used. Their 
qutdittf and strength are too unceiialnf and 
they cannot be dt^pended upon. 

The Boston crackers an- very much val- 
ued, and the issue of them is quite con- 
stant. 

There is a constant call for white sugar; 
it is so fitly used in many cases iu the cook 
room, where the low diet is pnpared, for 
dishes that would l>e half spuili'd by the 
brown sugar of the Comniissury. 

Lemons and dried beef are often asked 
for. 

Of assorted dried fniits, there is always 
too little in store; a good cook can with 
these, make very good substitutes for jelly; 
and, considering the sad waste of this arti- 
de in the course of transportation, the 
people at home, the Commission, and the 
soldifT, would all be gainers, if the fruit 
were dried, instead of being convert (?d into 
jelly. Then there would be no waste, and 
far b-ss diflicult}' and labor in packing and 
transportation. Would it not be well to 
recommend this change to the branches? 

At my suggestion, a small sui)i)ly of yarn 
has l.M'en put in store for issue for mending 
Bock:^; those issued by Government are of 
an inferior quality, and need mui-h mend- 
ing. Quite Jis necessary as yarn is cotton 
thread, for repairing cotton garments; the 
caUs for it are frequent, and I shoidd be 
gla<l to be able to give it. 

Woolen underclothing has not been is- 
sued largely. The wool shirts issued by 
Government are oftim lialf cotton, nud veiy 
rough and harsh; some men who need 
wooh'us cannot wear them. 

Fol' such caries, whi^i the men have not 
the means to buy for themselves, ov have 
familit^s to whom they have to send their 
spare earnings, I allow to be give i freely. 

Pillow cases are often called for, and I 
supply but a small ]»ortion t^f the demand, 
for tli'e rejison that they are furnished to a 
cei-tain ext4»nt by the Government. 

But the Governnittnt sui)i)ly is based upon 
but one pillow to am;in; i)f those small pil- 
lows, two or three are hardly enough for 
common comfort. ^loreover, the (.Govern- 
ment arrangement for condemning worn 
out hospital clothing is not prompt and 
Buffieient; and a hospital sometimes has to 
'wait .six or nine months before it can have 
such clothing 2Jut aside as ujilit for use; and 



till then, it can ask for no more to take its 
place. 

Of towels and handkerchiefs, the issue 
lias been constant; a great many are given 
to the men for their own property. 

The slippers supplied by Government are, 
like our own, cloth or carpet ones, of very 
little use to a man who is about on his feet; 
they are soon w(»rn out. 

The attendants have to move about in 
their hea'S'y shoes, and have not usually nmch 
time to spend in walking on tip-toe; the 
noise they cannot but make, must be an 
annoyance to sick men, if not positively 
hai-miful. I wish there might be a su]>ply 
of good leather soled slippers on hand, to 
be used for that puqiose oidy. They w<mld 
not be needed in eveiy hosjiital, since in 
some a stri}) of matting is i>ut down where, 
the attendants walk. 

I am often asked why the.se things are 
not bought with the hospital fund. They 
cannot be to the extent that is desirable, 
for two reasons: 

1st. Surgeons are prohibited from pur- 
chasing any thing but eatables, and a few 
articles of a perishable nature, with the 
hospital fund. 

2d. At the presrat high rates of ])ro- 
visions, it requirt^s the; best of managt?nient 
to get for tlie men all that the Surgeon- 
General's diet table n^juires, and jUI that 
the men ought to have of the staple articles 
of food. 

Under such circumstances, a small quan- 
tity of good things placed in the hands of 
wonnii nurses, or Sisters of Charity, sen-es 
to make many a meal more palatable and 
strengtlH'ning. 

I frequently receive testimonials to the 
eflficiency of the s<^rvii-e of the Commission, 
which it would be out of place to repeat here, 
liespect fully submitted, 

G. C. Caldwell, 
Jlotpital VUUor Sanitary Commiuion. 

Mr. Stephen Barker writes us: 
Having jdready explained my way of mak- 
ing ae<|uaintanee with olUcers and juilients 
in hospitals, I need only say that my last 
month's work has iu no way diHered from 
that of previous months. 

I have rectived more exi)ressions of gra- 
titude than formerly; but I attribute this 
entirely to the fact of having transacted all 
my hospital business in the irards^ where 
the ]>atients (rould hear the conversations 
between the ward master, or (?ook, or hos- 
pital stt^ward and myself, eoncei*uing the 
wants of the hosi)ital and the sanitary stores. 
Patients manifest great interest in these 
subjects; and when I sit down to make out 
my order for supplies, they cluster round as 
if this part of my business were one of their 
chief entertainnients. In this way the pa- 
tients seem to have realized, for the first 
time, where the delicacies come from which 



T'r Sntlfanj Cnmrni^'th/t BT^fln, 



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Ill'- I- I I". 

thv.--.--. 

th- -.:i 



The Sanitary Commission BrMetin. 



429 



bnsiness. A short time offo a Paymaster 
showed me a company roll beariug sixty- 
seven names. Ont of that sixty-seven only 
four could be paid, the other sixty-three 
being incorrectly mastered by the com- 
manding officer. These men mnst now 
wait two months longer, not only for the 
last two months' 2)ay due, but albO for all 
that was previously due, and the next mus- 
ter may find thorn in as bad condition as 
they now are. It frequently happens that 
a man is taken prisoner, and on his next 
subsequent rolh* charged with desertion, 
which has the effect of stopping all pay 
that is due or that may become due, till 
the charge is removed. 

Not one soldier in a thousand is acquaint- 
ed with the method of removal, and conse- 
quently many innocent men suffer in their 
reputation, as well as lose their pay; for, 
according to military law, the charge of de- 
sertion i» prima facie evidence that the man 
did desert. 

The preliminary steps have been taken 
for extending this work to Badtimore and 
Philadelphia, and I would suggest that 
New York be included in this arrangement. 
There has been no way heretofore tor men 
without description lists to get their back 
pay, if- they have been outside of Washing- 
ton. The new arrangement will be a great 
advantage to this class of men. 

The bulk of the work will have to be done 
through this office. All that is rctpiired for 
cities outside of Washington, is some one 
to look up the cases at the hospitals, which 
is comparatively little work. Mr. Ash man , 
of Philadelphia, has sent us on some cases, 
and promises to send more soon. I went to 
Baltimore yesterday, to make the arrange- 
ments for 'starting tlie work in that city. 

Saw Dr. Bhss, the surgeon in charge of 
the tiamdeu Street Hospital; also, Kev. Mr. 
Bower, the chaplain. Tliey seemed willing 
to do every thing in their power to co-ope- 
rate in^he work. I find that nearly all the 
men have description lists, and that they 
are mustered on there without any further 
evidence; therefore the number who will 
require assistance there will be smaller than 
here, in proportion to the number of pa- 
tients. 



EESULTS OF THE FAIR. 
I take the Uberty of sending to you for pub- 
lication in your journal the following: 

At a meeting of the Ladies' Executive Com- 
mittee of the .Metropolitan Fair, hold May 13, 
1861, the following resolution was adopted: 

l^esoLvedt That John H. Gourlie, Chairman of 
the Finance Committee of the Metropohtau B'air, 
be requested to place (me million doUars in the 
hands of the United States Sanitary Commis- 
sion. 

By order of the Board. 

(Signed,) Cathabdib C. Humt. 



In accordance with the above resolution, I 
have handed over to George T. Strong, Esq., 
Treasurer of the United States Sanitary Com- 
mission, the above-niuned sum of one million 
dollars. The following is a copy of his receipt 
for the same: 

>'xw YOBK, May 17, 1864. 
Received from John II . Gourlie, Chairman of 
the Finance Committee of the Metropolitan 
Fair, one million dollais, lor the benelit of the 
United States Suiiitiuy Commission. 
^Signed,) 

Georoe T. Strong, 
$1,000,000. Trtoiurcr of the Sanitary CommiuUm. 

I take the Uberty of stating, for public infor- 
mation, that the above-uomifd amount is the 
first instalmefd of the results of tho Metropolitan 
Fair. Its financial affairs cannot be comx)letely 
closed for some time to come, as contributions 
known to h^ve been made have not yet been 
sent into the Treasurer's Department; besides, 
there are other contributions, still on their way 
from Europe, (a cargo of coal, valued a( $12,500, 
the generoos gift of Geo. Elliott, of LiveriK>ol,) 
and paintings, aud works of art, still unsold, 
the probable value of which is $20,000. 

A detailed statement of the receipts and dis- 
bursements will be made as soon as practica- 
ble. 

I congratulate tho public on the noble results 
of their generous contributions to the Metro- 
politan Fair. 

The receipts over and above all expenses will 
not, I venture to say, fall fur short of $1,100,000; 
still, all sums over one miUion at present can 
only be roughly estimated. 

A committee are now engaged in examining 
the accounts of the Treasury Department, and 
I trust that their report will be satisfactory to 
the public. 

Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

John H. Goublie, 

Chairman Finance Committee^ Metropolitan Fair. 
Nsw Yobs, May 17, 18C4. 



GENERAL SURVEY OF OPERATIONS IN 
THE DEPARTMENT OF THE EAST. 
WASHiNOToy, D. C, May 1«<. 1861. 
Dm. J. FoiBTEB Jkkkims, 

General Secietary, U. S. San. Com.: 

Sir — I submit, as Associate Secretary for 
the East, the following report. It embraces 
the time from January Ist to present date. 

The monthly reports sent to you, with 
the frequent letters forwarded, have already 
furnished to you all the detail of what I 



430 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



now siijiplr pvosent as a summary of tlio 

W'liolo. 

l)iirin;r thoso four months there has bocii 
no ♦•ssciitiiil rlijinpe iutlio ywpMo'/s ailoptt'd, 
tho rh.'irirH' of the tleraaiuls, the ahiiitf/ 
to mt'vX nil c-liiima, and tho \r orh In fj force 
itself. 

Tiicro lias been a constant tt*n<hmcif to 
enl'ir/'^i.'t'^.-tt, both in the Field Kolief Cori>a 
and ill th'^ Speeial Relief De]>:irtmeut. 

At V>'jisliiiigt')n and vi<*inily, the long 
existing systematic prtm^ion for rendering 
aid to i^'.ntTal and regimental hosjntals has 
continu-'d. There has in that section l)een 
no important movements in the Held. Here, 
however, as elsewlu^re, Lirgo provision has 
b.H'n made to meet the demands whieh may 
a;is(^ from great battles. (Aeeompanying 
are paptrs of stock with Army of the Poto- 
mac, st(H.'k sent to Norfolk, stoek sent to 
Harper's^ FiTry, stock in storehouse at 
Wjishiugt(»n and on the way, as by invoice.) 
Aeeompanying, als(^, is report of Dr. 
Sti'iner, Chief Iusi)cetor of Army of Poto- 
mac, covering the mouths of January, Feb- 
ruary, and March. 

Thus, at Washington; at Newbern, N. C; 
at 01 list ee, Florida; in Texas, and at Grand 
Ecorc, Louisiana, during this same period, 
the C<juimission has liad large opportunity 
to show its preparation to meet urgent 
needs, and its ad.)ility to render eflicient 
helj) in cnir-rgcncies. 

In each instance its preparations were 
larger tlian the needs, and its help followed 
close upon the emergencies. 

Ynu liavo herewith, -or previously for- 
w.mhid to you, tho reports from theso 
sev(?r.d sections. 

Thesi' reports indicate, also, efliciency 
and earnest zeal f)n tho part of all the 
agents of th(.' Commission employ(;d in their 
respective fields; and their labors have been 
recognized and appreciated by tho officers 
and military' authorities, as well as by the 
men receiving " aid and comfort." 

The amounts of sui)plies with the army; 
value of the same; issues to tho depots at 
Washington, Xewbeni, Hilton Head, (from 
'which the Florida 8Ui>plies were .sent,) and 
Now Orleans, for tho quarter ending April 
lat, a<rcompany this. Marked valmition, 
SJ17,68a5a 
AeXowbern, N. C, At the present time, 



preparation is made, by two additiomil re- 
lief agents recently sent, and a large invoice 
of stores, to meet the probably large de- 
mands which may soon arise there. 

At Hilton Head and Beaufort, the pres- 
ent demand is comparatively limited, with 
diminished forces. 

At New Orleans and beyond, the working 
force of the Commission has been increased 
by efficient men, some sent from the North, 
some found there; and stores are constantly 
forwarded by almost every steamer. The 
rig] it granted to the Chief Inspector to 
purchase in New Orleans, when necessary 
to meet emergencies, (a right' which he has 
judiciously exercised,) adds to the efficiency 
and real stock there of the Commission. 

Homes or Lodges have followed tho army 
in Louisiana and Texas whenever it has 
moved, or else been reiuly to meet return- 
ing men sick or discharged. These Lodges 
have all done a valuable Avork. When the 
army left a given region, rendering a Lodge 
further nnnectjssary at that point, the same 
men and material constituting this station 
liavo been moved on and planted else- 
where, as the need required. 

Tho permanent Home at New Orleans is 
doing a very largo and very beneficent 
work. It has every aid from the mili- 
tary authorities there which can be asked 
for. Reports submitted. 

The ''Pension and Claim Agency" at 
New Orleans is full of work, and recogniz- 
ed by officers and public men as meeting a 
large and long- existing need. 

Tho agents in charge have proved com- 
petent and faithfid. Reports submitted. 

Arraugt.'ments were made for establish- 
ing a Home at Hilton Head, (this Bi>ecial 
relief work hitherto having been performed 
under great disadvantages,) but the recent 
removal of heavy forces from the depart- 
ment has deferred for the present the exe- 
cution of the plan. 

At Washington, Alexandria, Annapolis, 
Convalescent Camp, Camp Parole, Balti- 
more, Philadelphia, and Boston, the spe- 
cial relief work of the Commission has con- 
tinued much as heretofore, with these ex- 
ceptions, viz. : 

Alexandbia. 

At Alexandria increasing demands have 
I called lot iiicT<ittsc(V fhef^oTaTSio^^VioT^. 



The Sanitary Commisaum BvUdin. 



431 



Camp Pabole. 
At Camp Parole new portable Louses 
liave been put up for the relief agents and 
for a storehouse. Ib connection with this 
station we have also a carpenter's shop, with 
suitable tools, where many of the inTalids 
find amusement and occupation. A garden 
is also started here. 

PmULDELFHIA. 

At Philadelphia the special relief work 
is under Col. Soert, (formerly relief agent 
in the Army of the Potomac,) who has been 
appointed and whose labors are wisely di- 
rected by the Philadelphia Branch. CoL 
Soert, as I understand, is doing a very val- 
uable work — similar in general terms to 
the work undertaken at Lodge No. 4 in 
TVashington. 

Boston. 

From Boston a report has been receiv- 
ed, which is herewith submitted. It shows 
continued earnestness, wise and efHcieut 
action, joined to the most carefully elabo- . 
rated and perfect system, which has yet 
been seen in any section of the Commis- 
sion's work. 

Portland, Me. 

A Home or Lodge has been established 
at Portland, Me., where none existed be- 
fore. It does good service. 

Portsmouth, Va. 

A new Lodge has also been opened with- 
in three months at Portsmouth, Va. , with 
large facilities and corresjionding opportu- 
nities for usefulness. Repoi-t appended. 

The ** Agency for Fresh Hospital Supply 
Purchases " has been discontinued. Dur- 
ing its continuance, the advantages which 
had been secured to the Hospitals were 
evident and roaL The Medicid Director 
estimated tliat ten i)er cent, of their entire 
Hospital Fund had been saved to the Hos- 
pitals by this Agency. 

"Canvassing Agents." 

Of Canvassing Agents, there are in the 
East, as follows: 

Dr. Parish, with a wide field. 

Dr. Van Ingen, in Northern New York. 

Mr. Hadly, in Maine. 

Rev. Mr. Tuttle, in New Jersey. 

Mr. Rathbum, in Western Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Ball, in Massachusetts. 

Major Bush, in Western New York, 



Besides these, there are some persons, 
mostly women, employed by the various 
** Branch Societies," as at Pliiladelphia and 
Boston. 

The theory is, for these agents above 
named, to receive their ai>poiutment and 
assignment to duty from this ollice, but 
their special instructions from the mana- 
gers of that branch of the Commission 
whose supervision covers the special field 
to which the Agent is assigned. 

It is believed that the work of these 
Agents has been i)roductive of good, both 
in imparting information and coiTecting 
prejudices, and also in stimulating sup- 
l)lies. 

The reports of Dr. Parish and of Dr. 
Van Ingen accompany this. 

I wish to suggest the importance of add- 
ing to the Agents thus engaged, and, per- 
haps, to systematize the work more fully, 
by placing the responsibility of it^ conduct 
ujion one jierson, who shall also be a lec- 
turer, but whose duty it will be to keep in- 
formed of the condition and demands of 
the field. 

Yours respectfully, 

F. N. Knapp, 

AMuciati Secretary. 



THE COilMISSION ON THE RED KIVER. 
Dr. Crane writes from New Orleans, 
April 2l8t: 

In my letter to you of the ir)th, I fur- 
nished you with a general summary of our 
recent work up to that date. Wi» have sub- 
secpiently continued gur oi)erations ui>on 
pretty much the same scale. j 

Five invoices of stores have been sent 
forward to Mr. Mitchell since the 15th. 
They will average about fifty boxes and 
barrels each. 

I proposed forwarding to you by this 
mail complete lists of the.se shipments. 
But copies are not made, or if made, can- 
not be found this morning. We have now 
sent to the front most of our stock on hand 
in this city. I shall reserve the balance, 
issuing more sparingly, ijarticularly such 
stores as cannot bo replaced, except from 
the North. Indeed, I think that the neces- 
sities resulting from tlie late engagements 
have already, for the most part, been sup- 
l)lied either through the onlinary channels, 
or by tlie recent efforts of the Commission. 

I am happy in bein^ able to inform you, 
that Dr. Sheldon, AcVwvvr. '^vj.iVviviWyvxvi.^X.viT 
here, has succeed<iOL ianoi^^ vn ^XssIvo^^V^x 



'i:ji> 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



" ^»'■«lt.'l■lM:lsttT'8 IVpartincut, a few 
"■"'I' !i:i.l ^InlhuH of that ho.s])ital tax fund, 
■■''^••l» M..\v Minoimts ill this ])t»inirtmeiit to 
"'"I'- tl.:in :i <iuurtrr of ii inillioii of dolhirs 

■""' "' ^^hi(•h, 1 shall huvc somi'tliing to 

With t luN assistanco. Dr. S. has boon nl)lo 
" "i.ilv.. |,ur^.i,.^m.^ ,>f ^Y\\\\, milk, stimu- 
'•'"'>-, Nvliu-ii y^.\\\ pi-ohahly obviate the iio- 
<-«>.Mty «,t' our i»urohasiiip'lrti.gt>lv horoaflor, 
« -l'' «im11v as Dr. Sheldon, has not only on- 
fra-.il hraitily in this work, but has oihib- 
itj'l toxsai-as the (.'omiuission the most 
111" nil aiMl •.'.•ntn-oiis ffolin-,'. 

A lu.irinan the army tlii' most plowing 
.'leroiiiiis of <,nr got )d' work. Stevens is 
s«rur.n- M,.i,],.„ ojunions: Barnard issplon- 
ilid, aiiil IM^r, rly the subjoet of almost nn- 
nu'iism :.}•!,. |,iaist\ Lut it is quite invidi- 
ous to Hi, iition a few names when our whole 
f«'r«'«' li;,. workid most untiringly, and every 
niMM li;.s tried at least to do his duty. 

In my U-tter of the l.Mh, I alhided to the 
int(n>t taken by Mayor lloyt in our Com- 
mis.si(ni. 

1 Inrward to you a eopy of a letter writ- 
t<n to him on the following day; it may 
provi" nf inti'rest a.s a i>art of the history of 
ro ••■nt t-Vfuts. 

Mr. !i:iker, of the ** Varieties," informs 
i\w lli;it tln' result of the /'f/jr/f/ given mo in 
onr 1m li:ilt' on ^Fonday evening last, was 
miu-li li >s satisfaetory than he expei'ted, 
but tliat he has sueeeeded vei*>' well with 
tin- ^nb-^'iiption list opened at the otliee of 
thi' tlie.it re. lie thinks that he will be able 
on Minul.iy to plaee in my li;inds (j?2,(H.H)) 
two thousand dollars, as tlio result oi this 
elVnrt in belialf of the Commissicm. 

I maki- a retiuiMouon ^Fr. Collins by this 
mail, tor a new and large sujvply of stores. 

^Vlleu till' hurry has i)asseil, I will endea- 
yor to ftirnish Mr. Knapp with some sort of 
a general .sketeh of our work. 

Drp.viiTMKNT OF TiiF. On.y. ) 
Ni:w Oki.eans, April \\\ IStU. \ • 

Dkau Sin— I am sorry that I havi* been 
unable to eomply with your n^pu'st at an 
earlier hour. 1 liaye the pleasure, hv)\vever, 
of now torwarding to you tht» eneh>seil list 
of ^tores issued from tile depot of the U . S. 
Sanitary ('iuumission in thiseity, and ship- 
l»ed to Alexandria, for the use of the siek 
and \v«ninded in our armies daring the 
present eampaign. 
r.i) Wo. 'Iin shirts, I 7 k.*«» l*ii'kU'», 

lm» raiiti 11 ILuiiKl Shirts, ' 13 jars a»». 
'^■•M rot t. 11 do. 2;W Ikirn'ls* yojjftabKij ami 

4-5iHlo-r.tal tl*«. ' IV-kloM. 

l-Hi iiaii- Wi«»lfli Drawin. I 13 ilt». do. 

•^IT i':iir TaHti-n Fl. Pruwcni. "i bM**. lV»tativn. 
!^mi«iir lot t'>u lira wors, i 6 ilo. Cabl^jjo in cur- 
317 W^M.l.«S^K-k*«, ri«'. 

n-J Wni/.;..» s. 1 bW. IMod lYum 

J^OjmirSlipp^n, I U»i>x do, 

aa/iUnt'tii, / 41 cuu IVuit, 



3 bbla. Dried Applet, 
32 do. Gracken, 
100 lbs. Parley, 
200 do. Cunx Starob, 
9S do. Farina, 
600 do. Soft Broad. 
15 do. Arrow Koot, 
4M do. Boefiftiick. 
3 Sugar-cured Hams, 
7 boxfR C(>dfli»li, 

1 bbl. EufT*. 

48 canrt TomatocH, 
150 IbM. Ch(X>olatc, 

30 do. (^oi'oa, 
864 do. C\md. Milk, 

2 ki'KS ButUrr, 

3 bblti. White Sugar. 
1 bbl. Sa^ar. 

72 1)()XffH Lemonade, 
30cas«M) I^'n^ms, 
1,00(1 n>t<. las 
12 Ibo. Soap. 
15 do. Chloroform, 
12 l>uttle8 cniloratc Soda, 
15 do. Red Pepper, 
02 lbj». Tobacco (chew'g,) 



(nuok'i 



60 do. 
1 pniHrt PIi;p 
: >j Kt^m Letter Fapor. 
CSa Sh(>otii dci. 
1,2.'^) Euvflopcs, 
3 U»ttl.i« Ink, 
' 1 pros* Pt'UH, 
I 2 iKixett Ki-adin>; Matter. 
Tin Ikwintt, Towels, Con- 
I deusiHl ('offei», aiul many 
other artii'lon, of which Mr. 
; araut has the lint. 



100 Blankct^ 

W Bod Sacks, 
105 PUlows, 

91 QuiltH. 
250 Towfls, 
Sl^i Curthions. 

1 bbl. rotUm pieces, 

2 hblfl. Lint. 
2 bbl*. Bandages, 

1 bbl. Ra^s. 
6 bblM. lint imd Bandages. 

25 Flunncl Bttudaf;<Mi, , 

20 yds. Oil Silk, 
4 ydfl. Itublxn* Cloth, ] 

60 Mni*<iuito Ban*. 
10 pieiTH MuiMinito Netting, : 
600 Funs. I 

20 Silk Feeders (Medicine 

i'UpM.I I 

1« Catlirtrni, 
73 Six»ni;i!», 

2 B«>tl Punfl, I 
2i) Tin Basins, I 
IX l^uitoniH, I 

1 rrin.ll. ' 

4 Tin Biicki'ts, j 

1 Wut.r dt». ! 

124 Tin ( "upo, 
2<l lbs. NiiiU. 
4H Ixtttk's Brandy. 

5j?all-»ns di». 
4>« lH»tili». Sliorrv, 
54 .l.>. Whisky. I 

7>i i^alliins do. | 

24 lM>ttl«s I><mut<ticWine, 
In Cftsi-s elurot, 
50 (!allons do. 

:i bbN. .\1.'. 
» 30 botik'>. B:iy Bum. 

A I litiomil stores wore placed on the Lau- 
rel Hill, to !)e insueAon tlio boit, byono of 
the agtmts well acMiuaiuted with the ho«jpi- 
t:il tr.ia sport s.'rvie.i, wiio will return with 
t'li* w/):in K'l s!i:^ miy bL*in^ to tliis city. 

Ti'n m!i "h h n aire lAy been d )uj. M^re 
still re:nii:i4 to be don\ 

Tdi j:(rL'at.Mt nvivssities which it is our 
mission and duty to meet, will probably 
arise from a waat of sufficient hospital 
clothing, as also from a want of proi>er 
hospital ftH)l. 

Oi elothiui^, we have now on hand a very 
poodsto.»lv. bl.inkets and bed-sacks except- 
ed, wlii-.h we are expecting to receive from 
a .ship n >w m.iny days due. 

O.ir supplies of hospital food and deli- 
c leies h ivi* been relatively smiller; suffi- 
cient to meet t>rdiiiary demands, but quite 
insulHeient for an emergency like the pres- 
ent. 

I, therefors?, was compelled immodiakely 
I h-.'ard of th.' necessities of our hospital 
serviet*, to make purchases in this city of 
som*' lem')ns, milk, ice, kc, ti) the amount 
of seven hundred dollars. Most of these 
articles have already been sent to the front. 

With reference to the future, I intend to 
repeat my recent jwrchascs, and send for- 
ward siTuitary supplies on every available 
boat, so long as the want, suifering and 
wretcheilness, consequent npon the late 
env:a>;iMnents may continue to claim our aid 
and siicror. 

It is impossible for me at the present 
m()ment, to say precisely what amount of 
mvuiey it may be necesrwiry to expend. Two 
Ikousaud doUl«kX« may be sufficient — ^it may 



The Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 



433 



not be; no definite exact statements of either 
the number or condition of the wounded 
have as yet reached me. 

I liave received several communications, 
the last dated at Alexandria, on the 13tli 
instant, from our agents — six or seven of 
whom are now either at Alexandria, or with 
the army beyond. From these despatches 
I infer that there is little danger of oiir 
overdoing for many days to come— the sub- 
stance of them is, provide everything for 
2,5(X) wounded men. 

I shall, so far as possible, make my issues 
continuously, believing that any efforts we 
may make, well and judiciously sustained, 
are much more likely to accomplish the 
greatest good, than a hundred attempts to 
do every thing at once. I have made ar- 
rangements for sending a ton of ice to the 
front every day, if possible. 

I shall have a large shipment ready for 
the next boat, which will leave to-morrow 
or next day — ^a trusty agent will go with 
them. 

In conclusion, I can only return to you, 
sir, in 1>ehalf of the Commission, my most 
sincere thanks for the aid which you have so 
promptly and so generously extended to 
me. 

' Yours, veiT respectfully, 
£dwahd a Cbans, 
Agent of the U, S. San. Cwn., 

DeportmeiU qf't/ie Gulf, 

Bfr. Barnard writes from Alexandria, 
Apnl 13: 

My visit to the army has been attended 
with much to depress and distress the mind 
of one anxious for his country's welfare. 

Nothing of moment transpired on the 
way up. We expected, and were somewhat 
disappointed in not meeting with some oi)- 
position from the Bushwackers, at the many 
dark and woody points that favored an am- 
bush. 

We felt prepared for them, as we had a 
fall complement of ready-loaded muskets, 
besides our guard. There were on board 
some twenty sutlers and their clerks, all 
ready to show their markmanship. The 
monotony was broken by shooting at the 
numerous alligators that line the banks, 
many of them being of vast size. 

On Monday morning, the hospital boat, 
Laurel Hill, was ordered to prepare to re- 
ceive the wounded. I delivered a portion 
of the sanitary stores taken up to Mr. 
Stevens, reserving the balance for use on 
the Laurel HilL I went on shore, and 
assisted Mr. Stevens to distribute the sup- 
plies to the different hospitals; visited his 
camp; was shown under what disadvan- 
tages he labored in transporting goods to 
the army. 

Mr. Stevens is the right man in the right 
pUbce. He enjoys the confidence of the 

Vox. X— Jfa 14. 28 



officers, and receives every attention, and 
particularly from the quartermaster. He 
could afford much more relief had he the 
sui)plie8 necesaar}-. 

About ten o'clock, the mournful ambu- 
lances, with their living, dying contents, 
darkened the road leading to the boat, who 
were transferred, some in stretchers; others 
hopping on one foot, sustained by two 
men; this one carried in the arms of friends; 
that one hobbling along on two sticks, 
picked up for the occasion, that answered 
for crutches. Some walked on board, with- 
out help, with mutilated arms, hands, head, 
neck, nose, ear, mouth, breast and eye. 

The temporary bertlis in the middle of 
the hall were first filled, then the state 
rooms, then the floors, afterwards the spa- 
ces on the outside of the cabin — the ladies* 
cabin was occtipied for General liemson 
and another wounded officer — the engine- 
room was next called into requisition; thus 
the entire guards, the wood racks, cock- 
lofts, the spaces under the wheel-houses, 
and finally the Texas hall and sky-light 
decks were required to hold the 500 man- 
gled beings who were seeking to escape 
death's door, by a passage on the Laurel 
Hill — numbers of whom were without blan- 
ket, without coat, without baggage, and 
almost sans adottes, sans every thing, hav- 
ing left them for the benefit of the rebels. 
Well, hero was a field open for prompt ac- 
tion — ** hie opus est, hie labor " — only three 
or four surgeons on board, mintis surgical 
instruments, medical chests, or in fact, any 
appliances to make the wounded comforta- 
ble — off coat and at it, was the word. But 
who can describe the sufferings of these 
poor soldiers, most of whom had been 
three days without nourishment or atten- 
tion, riding over a rough roail of 35 miles. 

We put to their parched lips cups of 
milk punch, wine and water, as their case 
demanded, and oh, what heart -felt thanks 
would greet our ears: **God bless you," 
** That is worth $5," ** How good and kind 
you are." When told that their fiiends at 
home had furnished these things, tears 
would well tip, their (iouutenance brighten, 
and exj^ressious of gratitude would fall 
from their quivering lips. One man said: 
**LittledidI think that when I and wife 
were donating our mite in Ashtabula, Ohio, 
that I should be one of the recipients; 
God bless the folks at home." 

While the nurses and surgeons were 
dressing their wounds, we would adminis- 
ter hot coffee, tea and chocolate, with a 
Boston cracker, and with what relish would 
they partake ! Some whose teeth were shot 
out were served with gruels and soups. 
Pickles and vinegar wci'c freely distributed; 
a small piece of soap was handed with a 
clean towel to him who was able to help 
himselfj; this man \\«.0L «* -^ojvx cA \t^\?^T«»^ 
that one a clean €\i\x\» \a x^'^^m^ >i^^\£ 



4 :J 



Hie Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



'. '. ' : ;i y.}\f('t MiU'lliiig Khoet was 

. ;« r tliiv., a soft i)ill()W or cushion 

. . * . ;i v.jiiin r'lcuii blanket spread 

. .; j»« r ';ijM appoarod to ^ive them 

«'.i/il^ MKsist«'(l their toilet, a book 

. '/I- piirjiplilct was given them to 

• ;'iiiKr t!i(j h)ne8omu hour; Komo 

. .. p' 11 and pajKjr to address a liasty 

• ■,:..«. inffiriiiing the folks that they 

y. • ..n.',tii^ tin- living. 

M.I., «,f llie oirn'ers, coming on board 
: .. '.in t\n\\]i and covered with dust, after 
i' ' ■ 1 ,111," ji j'inerouseiip from the Sanitary, 
v.'.iii'i t .t'll in language not to be misun- 
<iii.i<i'.'i tlH> members and friends of our 

II. tit iltl(;n. 

i.,iii ;ir*ni lien*, Mr. Edward Mitchell, 
j:».iiii| ■ ]«• :id and shoulders over all, pos.ses- 
i.ii.!' til'- ' .t«rni and good will of the army 
(li.'i i,<<.|.l«-. lb' chafes under a curb bit; 
l,i v,..iii » \it !niministcr free waters to all 
tJ,i iiijriv <»f till' army. 

Ml. Mitcliill writes from the same i)laco 

i,\r .J:.;,,- l:.t«T: 

'loiii-. <.f llith and loth received, also 
i\'.n • III ytiitvuwH (piantitii's and with 
p/',»iipt i|i-pntrli, by the llattio (iilmort>, 
ii, I )i:ii}'< ol Mr. I'oote, liy the Laurel Hill, 
III I l,;ijf«- ol" Mr. I'idgrrly, and just now by 
< :i.;it< :iii, in cliargo of Philip. I thank 
VI 111 t'M n'''p'»ri(ling as you have dont^ so 
jyiMiii).il,v In my n'(piests for stores. Kdg- 
iilv i«ll" un' you directed him to return 
Willi 111'- Iiuiuvl Hill. 

^^l■l of tiu' stores will be needed, and 
\i-jU I-«' l«irwuidt'd as soon as transportation 
• .111 bi- i»i<KMinMl to th(» front, with Mr. 
J 0..1- ill fimrgi', to report to Mr. Stevens. 
Mi. n:iMi:inl 1 sent up (m Saturday with 
1.1 1 till I ii .s<*:inty sui)ply of stores I retained 
bi H-, in riiiyr of emergency; he will return 
m: i.khi :i* j>ossible. ])r. Alexander will 
tiJI \nii liDW opjiortum* was the amval 
Uniinl onr little sup]>ly and our agents; 
lh»iirnj> nnd its ollicials are grateful in- 
i»itd for \vli:ii we have done and are doing. 
'!'«» i!:iy j-eventy-tive men hav* been given 
*'|i :o» uinleielothes; some came in with no 
rock?;, otliep< no shirts, and yt^t others with 
11/ 1 dr'iiN\ers on; the number at the ccmnter 
tivre.iNn to break the bank before we arc 
nil hour oitb-r. No stores will come amiss 
b<re I'tii" :i week to come at lejist. 

I tfnnk Miat a **llest" of M^me kind may 
be^v)/!!!' d'sirable in case of :in advance at 
nr b»Aon«Uiriind l-lcore. 1 would jmt Kdg- 
«-rh in eliarge, and let Mr. J-'eote re])ort to 
t^tvv«Mis in the lieUl. Mr. Sl.'vens J have 
nol hciO'd from sinci^ he left on the Hag of 
tnieee\pedition. 

Mr. lMgerl«y says: 

Apre.able to your in.structions, I, on Fri- 

duy tlie ITytli in.Ntaut, with sti>res as per iu- 

iv^/A% }rn New Orleans on the hospital 

Unut*pt>ti Jjiiuvrl Hill, for Alexandria, at 



which point we arrived on the morning of 
the 17tli. After delivering to Mr. Reynolds 
the stores designed for the Home, and re- 
serving a few supplies for the use of the 
sick and wounded on the Laurel Hill, I, at 
Mr. Mitchell's request, tnmed over to him 
the balance of the stores in my charge. Af- 
ter receiving on l>oard some two hundred 
and fifty soldiers, sick and wounded, we, 
the same evening, left Alexandria for this 
city. O^^-ing to the energv of Dr. McClel- 
lan, Surgeon in charge, the Laurel Hill had 
been well fitted out with bunks, mattresses, 
rations, cooking arrangements, &c., which, 
with the addition of Sanitary stores, fur- 
nished by the Commission, rendered the 
condition of patients on board, very com- 
fortable, comj^arcd with that of those first 
brought to this city from the recent field of 
action. As, has always been the case in 
every transport filleii with sick and wound- 
ed, we found an abundant opportunity to 
lend a helping hand, which we endeavored 
to do by the way of dressing wounds, pre- 
X>aring cooling drinks, and supplying many 
of the destitute with comfortable under 
clothing, for which more than one disabled 
soldier, with moistened eyes and faltering 
voice said: ** God bless the dear hulies at 
home, and the Sanitary Commission." Ar- 
riN-ing in this city at an early hour this 
morning, the wounded men were promptly 
removed to the hospital, and the Laurel 
Hill, after undergoing a thorough cleansing, 
will retiim to Alexandria for another load 
of our wounded veterans. 



THE COMMISSION AND THE 8UEGE0NS. 

Camp neab Bbandt Station, Va., \ 
April 6tM, 1864. J 
Db. Lewis H. SrEimB, 

Chief Intpector, Sanitary Commiuion, 

Army qfthe Potomac: 

Str — My attention has been attracted by 
an article "in the New York Evening Post of 
the 1st inst., in which it is stated that cer- 
tain general ofldcers of this army ** do not 
acknowledge that the Sanitary Commission 
lias rendered any important service" in this 
army. 

I regret much to see such an article pub- 
lished in an influential paper, as it does 
gro.ss injustice to thcSanita^ Commission, 
which has rendered incalculable service to 
this army; and any thing done to weaken 
the hands of its friends, is an injury to the 
cause (^f humanity. 

I joined the Army of the Potomac at 
Harrison's Landing in July, 1862, and from 
that time to the present, have seen food, 
clothing and delicacies, that could not 
otherwise l>e obtained, distributed liberally 
and impartially to wounded, sick^ and en- 
feebled soldiers; and, to my certain know- 
ledge, much suffering has been alleviated 
and pievented by the forethought and en- 



Tike Sanitary Commimon Btdlelin. 



43S 



I 



«Tgy of the ag^ntj of tlie Banit^iry Commis- 
won, in Ijuvinp: constnnUy ou Imnd^ and 
»ccc«flil>le, STieli supplies tm were most 

I hikve drnwtif from tha storehouses of 
thty CommisMou in the army, supplies for 
seTeml ilifferont regimeut-s and lio.spitflls 
during that time, Jiud have nlwars found 
Ihi* ii^nta of the Commission in pos^sosiiion 
of such nypplie* as were most ueodt'd» and 
ri:*sdy to distribute them t^ the suffering, 
whether oflicers or enlisted men. 

I hm^e the honor to he. 

Very re;spectf ully, 

Your obedient eervant, 

J, N. FliEE3kIAN» 



r 



Ifft Bus., an Drv., it-rB C. A. P., 

I>BAB SiB^HaTing had my attention 
«dJed to an article in the New York 
fr^Kfii// Post of April 1st, 18G-4, regarding 
the efllc-iency of the U. S. Baaitary Com- 
ouasion, I beg to state, that during the 
marehos the past summer^ when it haa been 
T«ry difficult, or even impossible, to obtain 
lanitiiry stores for the dck in ambulance 
tfniiia, or even in hoapit^ds, when estab- 
lished, I bave never failed to obtain such 
stores a!3 required by colling upon the Cotn- 
mia^ion. Their supplies, always keeping 
mth the train, were over at hand. I wiU 
sdso st«Ae, that on several occasions during 
the past winker, I have called upon IMr. B. 
IL Blazier, Sanitary Agent, 3d Corps, for 
such &rtielei an were required in our regi- 
mentAl hospital, ajid cotiLd not be obtained 
daevherei &ad have been promptly sup- 
plied. 

y&rj respectfully, 

Tour obedient servant, 

J. S* Mahtin, 



Hk Mq. UK 1M4. 



Deab Doctoe— Mr, Blazier caUed upon 
me this morning, and exhibited an extract 
from a New York paper, which, in eflfeet, 
Bt&tad that several of the prominent gen- 
mSm q{ this army have deckred the Com- 
minion of no "benefit in their depart- 
ments/* kc. What may have been the 
ground for this declaration, of course I 
know nothing; bat being connectc^d with 
tke department in which the Commission is 
mainly intended to operate^ — 1\ e., among 
sick and wounded— and baTing witnessed 
in ao many instances its benenciat opera- 
tions, I most eordially bear my testimony 
in ita favor. Not otdy have I witnessed 
these good etfeots in the field, bnt also in 
general hospitals. The sick of my own 
regiment have froquentlf been assisted 



from the stores of the Commission, In an 
enterprise of the magnitude of the Sanitary 
Commission, where its operations extend 
over so wide a field, it is not Sim>rising 
til at errors and irregularities should creep 
in; but they are of minor importance, when 
compared with the great good accom- 
plished. 

I am, doctor. 

Your friend, 

CHARtKS E. GaDY, 

S»rff&m, lySfA lUfft^ Peim, Voli. 
To Db. Xjtwia H. SrKUfMW 

UA FStittt, Wmhin^on, If. C. 

The following^ also, will not be out of 
placa here, though not from a Surgeon; 

ExuxiXTAa^trnm IMtb Pekna. Toli., I 

M0U14 IMJ.1IP,, a C, jVtfF. la, 1§63. t 

Sm^ — I feel it a duty as well as a pleasure, 
to make some acknowledgment for the many 
favors received from your truly benevolent 
Commisaion, by the men of my coaimand, 
during the operations against Charleston. 
Since our arrival on Morris Island, in Au- 
gust, the men of my command have been 
on duty almost continnotisly of the most 
ha^ardou^ character. The supply of vege- 
tLtbles received from the Commissary was 
totally inadequate to meet the demands. 
Your Commission has kindly supphed to 
meet the delioienciea. We have been atip- 
pli^ almost daily with ice, and upon the 
return of the men from duty in the trenches, 
aa they clustered around the barrel for 
their cups of ice water, the feeling of all 
wi*s, God bless the Sanitjiry Commission. 
Trusting that you may still go on with your 
work, and that the men in other Depart- 
ments of the Army may receive like ad* 
yantngea, 

X remain, &c,, 

Edward L, Ro^Jifia, 

Cfimmandin^ Hegimtnt 

PREPAHATIOKS FOE THE CAMPAiaN Df 

vmamiA, 

Dr, Steiner reports May Ist; 

Since acmding in my report for the 
quarter ending April 1st* the operations 
of my department have been confined to 
the distribution of stores, as needs might 
arise, the organization of corps to me^t the 
emergencies of the spring campaign, and 
the collection of supplies at local depots for 
subsequent use. In the bustle and eon* 
fusion consequent upon preparations for 
active work throughotit this wide field, it 
will be impossible to furnish a very full re- 
port. What I have to give must be more 
of a sketchy character than in detail. I shall 
divide it into throe portions, corresponding 
with the three djatn<i\a Gom^d^m^ 'v^ia ^isi- 
partmenl. 



4:ji) The Sunifary Commission BuUefin. 



1. 7 ■ (,",••'' his',','-'. M.ij, fV/'/j. /*'. Si.i-rn ' l>o»^n IfilMiriui:: with his usual zeal iin«l fiilol- 

. •/ ■ ■ ''. /.-'/.^ f'f'iiin'r'in'i I\'i.<ftr./,'i<. — I iry, Vi\o. wugoin, stout, stri.mpj iinil sub- 

( J ir '-n' r;:i'M:is ln-n* \\i«ri' roniiin'inM-d l.»y i strtuti:il. witli gotnl f<mr-liorso Umius, ami 

( i:- 1 r Ihsrri--. ;;s >t:'i-'il in mv l:i-t Vt- Wfll siipplii'il with :is-<iu*t«'d sui»]»lies. jiro 

• ■ :t. «■• liii- \'.nh \*\ .M;:r.h. :iiul wt n- all«r- ! udw with thf army uu the marrh. Tho two 
u.'.l' •:ii'-\vh:it limn- rully <»rL:aiii/.i<l uii- \ suiuTiut^'in hints uci-oinpauy them, anil wll 
i!' I '.li- ilii'i" 'lirn «'l" C\'l. A. II. J'ntm, ^\llo<^.• h'Uil as^istanoe wliereviT it may bo noeJeil 
;■:, \ ■■11 ; ii.)-!ti.Mi ;;•, oiu* n!" (rein r;il Si^^'i-l's iu the Work. Groat earehas been taken to 

• '.I- •' . ■: 'V. iiiiii siMM-ial ;ulvaiit:jjrrs. 'i'hi^ make the Sanitary outfit of such a eharaeter 
im!'- . I . i\ iir;.'. -i \\i< roislil a-k \vi ri' ^'iMht- il a^i will enabh-the n!C<-nts to supplement the 
i''. li- ( !«!iiT;«l i-niiiiiiaiKliiiLr, mimI il w:is . st*»rrs wlileh tlu' M'^lieal Department take 
I;-!'. .: lii: I till" hibMr-; of (''»!. INiti.-n wniiM with tliem. Tlie mi-vlieal st()res carrioil by 

< !:tii.««!" :iv;iil to thr ( '(•iriiiii-i-i' Hi. but . the army in tlu' present campaijjn oxeeetl 

!ii«- !■■ itii ni lii^ !:ithir. .M:ii. (fi-n. I'oii'U, I by far tliosri-urrieil in previrnis eampaip:ns. 

• '1 11 rsKM r, (li'TMUiny. riiiniriiiL: liiin to ; Th.^si* are so liberal in the Tith Corps, that 
\' .M. ; :i'..;iiy. lu' ii >:^ni ■! lii•^ ii'-iii.»ji. anil it-i Metlieal Diroetor, Dr. llohi.ai, *li'elineJ 
i I I. :-.'i.i!i.'ii ^\:l'i ai-.'t'i'!. il c'.i th;- I'ltiiof >,'ivin;:r hi** <»Mnsrnt or pfrmissinu t'jU' :i Sau- 
'.|ir.!. I'-'l. ( J.'i>r.':i' A. M:ihli-,'k. lorijii-rly itary wai,'<>n in hisho55]utaltrain. He elaims 

( '■ 1. , ' 1 r.i. \ ■ : , ];;:.' :it:;:i'l'.. il to tl:".- l-t that he lias ston-s sutUeiently hirj^'O t-o sup- 
\ii.i. \ ..ii«,. :iN K- il. I .\.:i nr. ]>;!> b.i-n ap- : ply live tin »usaiul nifU for live days. Sliouhl 
|...Mi.. .; S:uh 1 iiii. i:iit Ml. (■.)!. M., i««. h.»\v- he sureii'l in ]»roviilinjr for tlie wants of 
. \. I-. M.v. .il. .-111. in «-..i:>f.!U. iMi-Mi ..;,-!:tii-nS Ins woun-.letl witliout «'\tra assistance, he 
■ . Ill i.iiiilv. :i«nl .Mr. Jiarii>. iho Aeling will h.:;vi' ai'ipiirnl a reputation of whirli 
.' 11 ■'■■•■ lull lit. any M»'«lieal J>invtor might be ])rouil; 
I il. i..i-. 'i. ;is.' ,^t:iMi-1;«il at H:ii-iur's s1m>uM ho fail, tlu* ountry will not bo like- 
I I...-.,:. .; in I'lii- I.!" tiir (;-.vtr:innnt ! b" b» overlook his ill sre^^anl of that assist- 
In. il I.- wii'ili \vii>- pl.u-.'il mT I'll' di-iM.-:il aui-r which was in-rly oUtTi'il him. Itiswoll 
I.N til. ( •.'.i:.it.:;i..lin- c' iM iMLiinJ has b,ru . to add. that I have been informed that all 
l..|.: ••..i:v\\,ll Mioj.li.,1 wi:h v:,,n-; fr-.m ■ the nu-dical olHeers of the 3d Division, llth 
W. .i..i!-i.'.n. 'rhr',.tli.-.-rs ..f tills ,li<irirt ' C'.u-ps. h.ivi' entered an urgent application, 
:,r.- t v.. .-.liri-lv r..un.>..us. ;i-.l wtll .Us- approved by Geu. Kickctts, that u Sanitary 
!•■ ..I l.....!r.i-.' th.' I'onniiis^inM. J'.vt-rv wa-on ir.i-ht accompany them. 
;i. ill'. Is . I'.iM I xti-nd.'.l i.» ni:ski' •»ii'r The break in;; u]) of our station, famiharly 
\\n I. '. :■.■.•;i^i' :'.:nl u^i-r.il. y\v. ll-^lnrrs called tlu- '* Sh^-biir;?." by the Field Relief 
•, lii- !.i: i-;!t.iv\ ivj.r:\\ :;l->^i;r tlw v;.il- C'orp^, at lh\iudy, closes a four months of 
. . i. . :. i v,Vil :r:...*riik.*lv ;:.v.miji;i,iv the " ^^^''"'1 h.^iic-^t wi-rk by this Corp-S— of work 
. M». : ■ . -v. >'i (ifu. Si-j.i i.> Wii-clii-t- r. whicli his bn)UL'-ht the com f<»rts of our stores 
Ml II :■ r!- :l.';> :i- ib'-pLMl Visit«'r in tiic t«« li-;n.h\ ds and thoiisimds of the sick and 
'. ...;;.. ..r.i 11.0 vr:'s IViTv. w luTc lii- .st '. sutl\-riii.u'; t hc advantaffcs of a lodgo aud rost- 

. ,v... .,.,;. \. .,,." ,.. ....t.'i I'll, .,...' -n- iiiiT pl.u-c to over a tht.»usand wav-wnrn and 

:■ ■ i .. l.i'.r l».i-M iiriiv nv^iu!!! d t.> diitv cxliau-trd ^-(ddiers and thi-ir friends, and a 

,.[..',.. , ,'.. ; ^, ..'.^\ thiv-.. biiT ha\.' >hi)w'n plaee ot r.-.-^ort f»»r all who wi.shed indp and 

1 . ■ .. ■, -^i::. .-. wi.irM ''Siv\ > iiu' tia- ri^hi to a-sj.tiiM.v-. in addition to that^furnished by 

. \ ■ . ; ■ .». d NvniU ir.»M» ill; ui. thr n'i:ul:ir army :>upplit\s. There is a his- 

t'M'ie interest about the old house, which 



■ , '. ' / . ■' . ^.\,. V ' '. fornu'vl tin' ceutn' of our quarters, that will 

\»M..n..M-M t 111 .^;;:-,ap^«i ; ^^^_^^^^^ ., ^^^ special attraeti«m hereafter to 

• .. . ., ,' . .. . T» I tho^.' who havf di'nved beucht thcrufrom, 

, . ./ • . , a-i wi U as t'^ the l:ilv>rers who have faith- 

i» .i.i- i.»M t'li' »M-.i ::rN'. t air.in_ro- ^ n i i i t *• i -av- 

, . . • , "^ fullv worked undiT directions, and with 



iii:iiv» »-.. 1 !»■• in.i.ii" tn r.l:i!n 
Wi' .'-iiill d.' "v". 

.' ...J /'. l!\ f' (■ ", s. Some sii::lit 



stoi\'^ is-iUi-d in»:u it. 

AViih th»^ view t»f meeting the wants of a 
lariie b:itile. on the loth of April last Ii>ro- 
pari'd a list \^i articles presumed to be neees- 
»M I i.;.> li;i\e bi-.n in ;d ' \\\ tlii^ ,■.•:;»- Mnce i ^.^^v. on thebii.^is of ten thousand wounded. 
•nx i..<i r. jMM-i. niarl.-.S. IV-.:. xv i>. iiaus- | ] j.ii^^^,..r,M that these stores should be held 
n ir,a on iii.. -JM ,m Vni.i lo ti-.e K. \ a. ■ j^j Cwy^A. v.:ib;eet ali-ne to orders for the 
•'orpr.. s.l.ili h.'Nv.ll xN;e. ;o^.p,.o.i.d l^eiu-f • ^...nd^iu' exiu'encv. The Associate Secretary, 
A::ent .-n I'w I'-'Jh luinn... .nid W iii;:;ni W. y^\.\, ..,.,,.,{ ,in.niptnc>s and readiness, for- 
Mar-^'. 'M :n.> > .l:i. Mr. .i..:ins..n ie::.r:!.-d Nxavj,.,! ;. iv,j,iisiti<in f.>r the same, and I 
:od::N ,.n th.-.:->il:, :oul 1, .Mn,:.d Ins pv^M- .,,,^ ple:»s, d to ki:,^w that we have the mn- 
liou :.- S;ipv nnli-ndent. iii-;; N in the stiU'rhoUses with which relief 

In .'.lotion to ih. »■■ t'rdi.i.ux il .»:is of e iv. hi broiiLiht to tlie needy and snfl'ering. 
visit.-.:; i\;:iMn'!ii>H. in.- Il.-liet" .\;rnt- h.ue Tiie only problem ti» Iv solved is, **How 
bi-en ;..-ii\ely en':.vv vl m f..!l;'i- w.i-.»!is sh::'.l iiMn-^l'ortaiiiMi be secured to the point 
.7//i/ rr.ims rr:it\\ ii»r the :i|M»n»:u-lnn5;; iM'.a- A^liei the iici d exists?" Should the battle 
/Kii^ni. In thv' mrii I'aj'i.un I buns has U\\>.o vV.\co vfv\\v\VL loach of oar traiisi>orta- 



3f%6 Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 



437 



tion, vre have the assnrance, freely given, 
of the Provost Marshal General of the Army 
of the Potomac, that a car, or cars, will bo 
placed at our disposal. Should the new 
base of supplies be ou the water, it will be 
absolutely necessary that we have a boat at 
our disposal, so as to allow us independent 
means of transportation. This subject de- 
serves the most careful study and prompt 
action, if the conclusion be arrived at to 
procure a boat It may be well to state, 
that the indications now justify the opinion 
that the railroad will be deserted. It is 
true that some three hundred empty cars 
have been sent to the front, — these may be 
intended to bring in to Washington the 
wounded and prisoners from the first en- 
gagement, or to transport a portion of a 
corps. In any case, it is evident thiit the 
intention of the military authorities is not 
to retain the wounded in the field, but to 
transport to Washington as speedily as 
possible. 

Notwithstanding the views contained in 
the preceding paragraph, I have deemed it 
well that a corps of ready and, to a certain 
extent, trained workers should be formed, 
whose duties should be to take charge, so 
long as supplementary assistance is need- 
ed on any field, of the sanitary work. It is 
proposed that they, under a proper super- 
intendent, shoiild subordinate all their 
work to the wishes and orders of medical 
officers, and their duties are expressly 
stated to be non-interference with, but aid 
to the latter in affording relief and comfort 
to the suffering. After due consultation 
with the Associate Secretary, and an ex- 
pression of approval, the Hon. Frank B. 
£*ay, .of Chelsea, Mass., whose name has 
almost been the synonyme for honest, con- 
scientious, loving care of our sick and 
wounded in the hospitals, after all our large 
battles in the East, wa^ appointed. The 
Auxiliary Relief Corps will consist of some 
volunteers, who have engaged to give up 
the comforts of home and family for this 
grand work of charity, an<l twenty- four 
theological students from Princeton and 
New York, who have applied for position 
in the same; believing that it was a duty 
peculiarly fitting for those who have the 
noly ministry in view, to administer to the 
needy, feed the hungry, clothe the naked, 
and smooth the pillow for the dying. 

Mr. Fay is here now, and has entered 
upon the duties of fitting his corps for the 
field with an alacrity and zeal that demon- 
strates the fact that he is the man for the 
place, and his corps show a spirit that 
satisfies us their enlistment in the cause 
will redound to the benefit of the Commis- 
sion and the good of the soldiers. He is 
meeting them at stated hours during the 
day, and imparting, from the rich stores 
of his own personal experience^ such in- 
Btmctions as will divest them of the igno- 



rance which marks all new men endeavor- 
ing to act as nurses. 

With these two corps, the Field Relief 
Corps — moving icitJt the army, the Auxiliary 
Relief Corps — ready to do work whenever 
the emergency demands it, and as soon as 
the field of its operations can be reached, 
— with a vast accumulation of stores at our 
depots ready for use, — with the securing of 
such transportation as may be practicable 
or attainable, — the Commission may safely 
say it has left no stone unturned to make 
the way open for the full performance of 
its duty. Whatever bo the result, the 
Chief Inspector feels that all efforts will 
have been made, as far as human judgment 
can aid, to be prepared for the emergency. 
God grant us the means of doing all He 
has put it in our hearts to do for our suf- 
fering soldiers! 

3. T/te Loirer District — ^f'fjor fJeneral B. 
F. Butler's Command. — Mr. R. Cecil Nevin 
has fitted himself for his duties as relief 
agent, in charge of the department of 
Norfolk, with commendable alacrity and 
promptness. His reports — dated April 9, 
16, 23 and 30 — show an increasing fitness 
for, and execution of, the duties assigned 
him. The Norfolk Relief Corps at i)resent 
consists of three gentlemen. 

The amount of stores kept in stock here 
has been largely increased of late, in order 
to meet the wants of an army which has 
been collecting for some time past at or 
near Yorktown, on the Peninsula. Finding, 
some two weeks since, that it would be 
necessary to have a separate organization 
with this army, I proceeded to organize tlie 
Peninsula Relief Corps. This, with various 
changes and modifications required by the 
demands of this army, consists at i>resent 
of ten gentlemen. 

Some of these are on the field, and 
the others are on their way thither. An 
order, dated May 4, separates this dis- 
trict ifrom my department, and places it 
under the supervision of Dr. A. ^IcDonald, 
Sanitary Inspector. I part with it with 
great regret, as, under much diflioulty, a 
systematic organization of the Norfolk work 
llad been ellocted during the past winter, 
and a similar result was being attained for 
the Peninsula Corps; but the selection of 
Dr. McDonald as the immediate chief in- 
spector on the grounil, will ensure the 
greatest possible success to the work of the 
Commission, and will enable him to carry 
out his own noble and earnest desire to aid 
the hearts' desires of the i^eople of our great 
nation. 

iRAUOfl nia<lc by th«? FioM R.-liof Corps. Army of the Poto- 
iiia«\ during Uio mouths of January, February aud 
March, ISfU: 

1,0+4 Bed Ticks, I 402 Cotton Stvkfl. pairs. 

i:W CuHhions, 3.4.V) W<h^1mu Sotkr*. pairH 

1 ,378 Pillows, I 'i 14 Vv5\XVv^ Vix^wvVj , 

1 16 Pl\lo\» Tic\L8, \ \ .'iVVC^ \>^. ^-^^^ 't?5.'V3K<5^X. 



43S 



The Sanitary Commission BvUdin, 



;^'.'* Tin Pans, 
3.'i;»-j Ww»Vn Drawers, 
].1*.-.'Han(Ik*^rvliicfs, 
l.TTii MittfUH, 
:$,!.''* WooUriiSblrtB, 
1.1 J.: SlippiirB, paim. 



697 bottles Jellies h. Ytt^ 

IMTVOH. 

100 lbs. Halt Fish, 

COO lbs. 8nfrar. 

i«0 bot. Foreign Wino, 

408 lx>ts. WiiH'M k liq'ra, 
l.Kft4 NecdU; Books, 

1C4 lbs. Hoap, 
1,500 Envcloi>es. 



I-rin.s ma<l*» fnnii storohonsfi of U. 8. Sanitary Commis- 
}4:iiii t>i troiipM from Ciiiulxtrland. Md., eastwards to 
M'tiKM ary. during months of January, February, and 
.Mar. h. \M',i: 



:{54 WrH>l.'n Shirts. 
■jTn Druwi-rM, 
•2'A Plllowfi, 
l.»x HiH. CliiM'olate, 
li".i» IbH. (v.rn Stan-h, 
'J4ii<aui4 I}4-(f Stock, 
•_Mh»iJ,fl. Oatimal, 
■ '2\M IhH. Snuar, 
rju III dtirkf, 
1 It; Blankt'ts, 
170 Cushions, 
■j.<:t inilnw Cum^R. 
l»;(i •• Ticks, 
.'•■J'.t Towold, 



374 Cotton Drawers, 
3'.»4 •• Shirts, 
142 S1iri>ers. 
2Wi Woolen Srx'ks, 

2i> lbs. Arrowroot, 
044 Nt'cdle Cases, 
100 Tin PUtcs, 

77 Sheets, 

74 cans Tomatoes, 
2,7r>() Euvelopos, 
lOH rans Milk. 
»I0 Uundkf-rchiefB, 
100 Eye Shadi'S, 
192 bbls. Farina. 



M' s i.iail*' fn»m Btnri'houHC at 
i;i'>m!i«« of Jamiar}', February, 

;;ii7 WiM^lt-ii shirt.", 72 

t !'.» •■ Drawers, 1(H) 

144 lM,tth-» IJrandy, «9 

•2-l>^ \h*. Fariua, 2,376 

-■* ]ar!4 J.-lly, 197 

l■J^|^.'all^4. Piikles, :«»0 

7j bottlrs Jam. Hum, risO 

l.'«; •' Wine, for'n, 2,500 

4I_' lbs. Suf.'ar, 240 

•J.-.0 n.-.ltliks. 50 

r.ii(» lilliiw ("ases, 12 

4;vj SliviK-n*, 100 
9:;o Wooltu Soi:kB, 



Norfolk, Va.. during 
and Mari'h, liir4: 

lK>ttleH Bay Kum, 

guilts, 

bottbisCologn**, 

►hi'tts Note Paper, 

cans IWef Stock, 

Tin rui>s, 

Sheets, 

Knveloi>es, 

i*auH Milk, 

Games, 

»x>ttli*8 Spirits Camp'r, 

Tin Basins. 



A variety of articles issnod in smaller 
(ITuuititios are omitted from the above list. 



TIIK HOSPITALS AND S.\XITA11Y STA- 
TIONS IN TENNESSEE. 

Dr. Head gives the following account of 
ji tuur of inspection ho has just made: 

Soon after my last report I left Na.'shvillo 
fur tho purpose of visiting the difterent 
posts of the Commission in this dejmrt- 
imnt, and the hospitals and camps in their 
vicinity, that I might learn the condition 
of the soldiers, what Government is doing 
to supply their wants, the elliciency of the 
work of the Commission, and what sup- 
plies are most needed for i>resent and fu- 
ture use. 

r lirst visited Chattanooga, where I found 
our jif.'-euts working up to their full strength. 
The store-rot>m, in charge of ^I. ]). liai-t- 
lett. was clean, and all the gof)ds arranged 
in Older. Mr. iJartlett is kind, courteous, 
patient, ready to investigate carefully every 
call for help, and is eminently (pmlilied for 
his plact*. 

The Hospital Visitor th<*re, He v. Prof. 
Hosford, is well rec«'ived, and is a valuable 
member of the C-ommission. 

Dr. llazen, Special Itelief Agent of the 

Commission, has gone home on furlough 

on m^cinuii of ill-heidth. 

jl/r. Worth, tho Transj)ortation Agent, 

js sick, iiud will leave as soon aa he is ablo 



to bear the ride home. M. C. Read, while 
he has an eye to all parts of the work, was 
at the time of my visit much occupied with 
the large hospital gardens. Two hundred 
acres, including forty acres of vineyard, 
will soon be planted. This land had to be 
fenced and plowed. The seed and many 
garden implements were furnished by the 
Commission by purchase; but many more 
implements were obtained by order of 
Gen. Thomas from the abandoned farms 
in the vicinity, most of which, within five 
or six miles, were visited for that pur- 
pose. 

The land selected is of excellent quality, 
and we have reason to expect a yield suffi- 
cient to supply all the wants of the hos- 
pitals in the vicinity, at a time when vege- 
tables cannot be obtained from the Noiih. 

The hospitals I found in an improved 
condition. Many of the sick have been 
removed, and several hospitals have been 
broken up since my last visit. The Gen- 
eral Field Hospital, in charge of C. C 
Byrne, Ass't Surg. U. S. A , on April 5th, 
contained 555 patients, including the small- 
pox ward, which hod 55. The mortality 
had been large, 143 deaths in March, in- 
cluding all cases, refugees and neg^es^ as 
weU as soldiers. Total number of cases 
treated was iV)9. There were white sol- 
diers remaining sick the laftt of Februarv, 
4G7 — wounded 71 ; admitted during March, 
sick. 400, wounded, 21. Returned to du- 
ty, 203; sent to other hospitals, 128; fur- 
hmghed, 5; discharged, 2; died, 78; re- 
maining sick, 440 — wounded, 43. 

Some of the principal diseases were as 
foDows: small-pox, 30 cases; varioloid, 19 
— of these there were 13 deaths; measles, 
76, and 20 deaths; inflammation of the 
lungs 39, and 15 deaths. No scurvy. 

IJ. S. Colored Troops — number treated 
during March, 105; returned to duty, 19; 
sent to other hospitals, 2; died, 23; re- 
maining sick, 51; wounded, 4. 

Citizen emidoyees treated during the 
mouth, 5:^; returned to duty, 19; sent to 
other hospitals, 19; died, G; remaining, 9. 

Nc 8i)ecial wants, except vegetables, in 
this hospital, tho surgeon having supplied 
many delicacies, and many others were 
drawn fi*om tho Commission. 

Preparations are being made to build 
hos])ital8 on Lookout Mountain. The Offi- 
cers' Hospital has been removed there. 
Gen. Thomas advised me to make a gar- 
den also on the top of the mountain, as he 
thought it would be very convenient, and 
the land could be made to produce well by 
sending up fifty or a hundred loads of ma- 
nure. I mention this to show that he was 
ready to give all necessary assistance. 

Th(i troops in the field wiere in better 
condition than in January or February. 
TilveYe 'wa?^ less scurvy, which very many 



The Saniiarif Commission BnJBkim* 



439 



t&blea received from the Conimi»ston. I 
mfiile mn effort to obtain the amoant of 
fresh Tege tables issued bj the Commissa- 
ries, andt from the statements received, I 
judge that but few rations have renebed the 
soldier* for the kst air months; not much 
more, in the aggregate, than was sold to 
the officers of regime ut«. Bome regiments 
h&d not reeeiyed one fnll ration of vegeta- 
bles since the battle of Chickamaugai ex- 
cept what had been fnmiahed by the Com- 
missioD^ 

The CJinups that I visited were well po- 
liced and the men well clothed. The 14th 
U. S. Colored Troups were commanded by 
CoL Thoma'% Morgan. The regiment was 
organized Tebruary, 1864, and on Mfirch 
1st contained 1,000 men, including iiflieera. 

Fisher W. Amea is &tirgeon. I did not 
aee him; bat the colonel informed me that 
the feoldicra hud all been systematically 
▼acoinated. The camp was beautifully laid 
out, streets and ditt^hea clean; everylhing 
in %^ gootl condition as any other regi- 
mfitit^ Indeed, the camjj wa» a model of 
o^er and neatness, and the Ijlack man, as 
lie slood erect, bearing the arms and dresa- 
dd in the uniform of our country, bore 
witeiess bo a redeemed manliood. 

Upon consult ation with Dr. Perin, Med- 
ical Director^ I telegraphed our agent at 
Bridgeport to break «p camp and bring 
hin tcnt^ and all the gO(jd5 to Chattanooga, 
which he did; at the same time it was 
thought be^t Ui continue the depot at 8te- 
venaon. On my sub^^eqnenfc visit at Ste- 
venson I found everything in moi^t excel- 
ItUt condition. Mr. Wm. A, Sutliffe, the 
Ogent, has not l>een bberally furnished 
with goods, but had improved \im time in 
ftltending to their t^areful distribution, and 
prepariDg comfortable quarters, which he 
ma •oeumplihhed witli no expense and 
▼«7 little help; his accommodations for 
himself and others show, to great advsan* 
lage, how much can be done by ingenuity 
%nA industry. I visited with him the bur* 
ial ground, for the purpose of obtaining a 
list 0f the dead, but did not succeed to any 
great extent; if one was kept, it was by the 
undertaker, whose books wero in Hunts- 
Tille. 

I sent to him to obtain the list, wliic!!i, if 
obtained, I will forwanl to you promptly. 
I found graves, fourteen in number, en- 
^nsetl by a light railing, two of which wore 
m&rked a* foUowa: Joseph Littlejohn, Co. 
H, 18th Ohio, died July 7th, im% and 
Isaac Johnson, Co. D, 61st Ohio, died July 
^1, 18*52. No others were niarke<L These 
were undoubtedly with Gen. Mitchell when 
be made his advance there. 

Tlie **Home/' in Bfceveuson, established 
br Ooveirnment, is in charge of Capt. Park 
'tf'hiwler, Uath N. Y. During the rettirn 
of troops to and from their homes, lie has 
f«d Bbout If 000 per tUj; lodging about 300 



each night, while about 100 have been com- 
pelled ifi sleop in the open air witliout cov- 
ering. He htt.s received bed-saeka, com- 
forts, candlesticks, sconces, and other arti- 
cles of furniture from the Commission, as 
welt as a liberal share of veget^^bles to f»ied 
his men. He wants several other articles, 
wliieli I informed him would be furnished 
on a proper order* 

Promising Mr. Sutliffe a more liberal 
supply of stores, I went on to Httnt?!Tille. 
There I found but one General Hospital, la 
charge of J. H. Early, 17th Iowa, with one 
assistant, and no lack of coi/ka and nurses. 
There were 53 patients. In the same build- 
ing, mentioned in my last report as the 
** Calhoun House/' inVhich one of the pa- 
tients said, " we have a good houne, but 
that is all; nothing good to eat, and hard 
beds," they now have comfortable beds, the 
surgeon remarking^ ** Sanitary liu^ given 
to us all the comforts, nud without them we 
should be eomfortlesN.*' 

The rooms of the Commission, in charge 
of 5£r. May and Mr, Norton, are well kept, 
but at the tinu^ of my visit, they had few 
goods, and tlie calls for help were frccpient 

The W.estern Hiinitary Commission have 
a room next door, and' seemed to have a 
better supply ^ yet not near enough for the 
demand. 

Returning to Nashville, I visited Mnr- 
freesboro, April 18, where are »ix hospitals, 
one for smalbpoi, and one for contrabantis, 
containing 760 patients in aU, with the 
prospect that the number will be increased 
ratht^T than diminished. 

Rev. Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Hogue are 
doing all that could reasonably be aj*ked of 
any man ; Mr. Kennedy co-operating with 
the Post Chaplain, with him visiting the 
hospitals, and often p roach iug for him on 
invitation. The hospital garden in Mur- 
freesboro' is much larger than last year, 
and, under the care of John Harmf3n, the 
same gardener, is even in better condition. 
It is mostly planted. Peas, onions, lettuce, 
beets, oabbege, &c. , were up, and gave pro- 
mise of an abundant and early harve>jt. 

The hospitaU in NashviUe remain abont 
the same as at my last report. The num- 
ber of sick is (April 20) 4,26il, in charge of 
Surgeon Clendennin, Assistant Medical Di- 
rector of the department. The small-i>ox 
liospital is much better for the accommo* 
dation of the patients than the old one, and 
the mortality ts less. 

There are ten hundred and forty- three 
vacant beds. There are also four hundred 
and twenty-seven contrabands in hoipitol, 
about one- half of them soldiers. 

Thfe soldiers in the Held are well clothed, 
and have no lack of good food, except freah 
vegetables. But few of these, compared 
with the demand, are yet furuLsbed', ft% 
prool, I ae\ftct otcig \^^i^^ \x^m ts^^i «aV 



440 



Tlie Sanitury Commission BvRetin. 



Whitektde, Tens., April VI, 18C4. 
Siini'ni If ''<>ffniiifsir,n, yas/ix'illf, Tenn.: 

Out I'l'imiiand is snfleriDfr mnoli for want 
of viLM tjiMfs. I have made every efi'ort 
tl)ic>ii^li our cnmnnssaries, and through 
your ii^j-^Mits at Biid^'eport and Chattanoo- 
ga. t(» <«litain them. h\\\ f^o far in vain. Wo 
n'jxat twenty to fifty cases of penrvy from 
two rv'^inicnts al(»ne, and those caM'K are 
on t]M^ increase. If you can send me direct, 
or tliioiigh your agents, a few barrels of 
potatdt > und onions, you will much oblige, 
Your ob't serv't, 



Tli(^ ^n-eat obstacles in the way of furnish- 
ing a su])ply is want of trans])ortation. the 
demand for which is urgent from all points 
of tin* army, and we are obtaining perhaps 
our full slijire. 

Tin' (Mimmander at Knoxville telegraphs: 
*'S(inl vegetables in preference to other 
coinii;is^:iry stores." Dr. Perin, the faith- 
ful INI^ilical Director of the Army of tlio 
CuiuIm ilaml, i>romises to aid us in ])rocur- 
ing li;!iisj)()rtation for all we can lurnish. 
l)r. Kit to, who has recently inspected the 
llth and l.")th Army Corps, assures me that 
tlie ^'r< at want is fresh vegetables, although 
there are Imt few well marked cases of 
Bcurvy. 

Tiny are now going forward (piito freely; 
on tlie 'JOth, live car loads; on the 21st, 
sevt ii: and, in addition to the order to give 
us at least two cars daily, Ca])tain ^>ttle 
has ]troinised to load two for j^ulaski, and 
two i<.r Decatur, which will be distributed 
by ]\lrs. Uiekerdyke and Mrs. ]N)rter. 

Hiiviiig forwarded the large amount of 
vegetables nowhere, and on tlie way, we 
must !!♦ \t turn ouij attention to .securing 
in Chattanooga a large amount of resi-rved 
b:ittl'' stoics, and obtain for them, if i)os.si- 
ble, from that ])ost, transportation. This 
will be the most dillicult jiart of our work. 
\V<' eann(»t procun^ teams, or feed them, 
without dilliculty, if indeed it can be done 
at all, iiide])endently of the (Jovernnifnt 
otli«M IS. And u})on consultation with (ien. 
AV<'b^t< r, (Jen. Sherman's chief of stall', to 
whom we ar<» under many obligations for 
)>asl fa\<)rs, I have decided to «iep(^nd on 
Clovcriinieiit, and to oJl'er to eaeli medical 
dircetovof di\isions one wagon loa«l of such 
stores as lu^ may select, in addition to all 
Mie ni.'iliealsui)pli<'S he is ju'i'inittedto take, 
t«; '."-o tnrwjird as sanitary stores. 

Jii eoiiehisii)!!, 1 have the pleasure of as- 
Miri^^-r you that the work of the C'ommis- 
.^ioii ]s \.i>tly increased, and, so far as 1 can 
jutl;.',*.' is ])ros[)eroUK in all d«>partments. 

'Jji' I-.' are several i\J(Hlical lnsj)ectors in 
the Di'i'artnient, who report to Dr. Doug- 
las, l.iit Drs. Castleman and Parker have 
renil« i«mI im^ essential serviee in obtaining 
full ^l;.l« iJieuts from many brigades of the 
niijifiuit of vcgi'tiiidcs ianxn^d by the Goveru- 
njcjj/. 



There is not a General Hospital in the 
Department that is not visited often by 
one of our hosjntal visitors. 

The Bjieeial relief agents are constantly 
employed, and find, and often relieve, every 
variety of snfl'ering. 

Mothers coming for their children, wives 
seeking their sick hnsbands, are helped on 
their way; soldiers ftirlonghed and dis- 
charged, are helped on their way to the 
homes they are so anxious to reach. Or a 
little girl comes and asks, ** Where is my 
father?" Agent answers, "Don*t know;" 
she replies, ** Well, you ought to, you must 
have seen him ; he wears Co. G. , 83d Indi- 
ana, on his cax)." Poor girl, she wjis not 
permitted to go to her father. 

The Home in Nashville has been over- 
crowded, but is admirably managed by 
Caj)t . l^ray ton. 

In addition to the one established by 
Government at Chattanooga, which is 
only common barracks, ono is needinl there 
to receive the sick, dischai'ged, and fur- 
loughed soldiers who arc sent back from 
the advance, and compelled to remain there 
awaiting tran.sportation. I hope to be able 
to secure some better accommodations for 
them. 

Th(i transportation agents are taxed to 
their utmost in order to secure transporta- 
tion where there is so much comi>etition, 
and where success very much depends upon 
personal ellbrt, even where the most liberal 
orders arc maintained; but with all the dif- 
ficulties, vegetables are being sent forward 
liberally, and I hoi)e by securing a large 
8Upi)ly of resei-ve stores, to be in readiness 
for imi)euding movements. 

Mr. Root, our Hospital Visitor at Nash- 
ville, also wiites as follows on the condition 
of the troops encamped near that city, and 
the contribution of stores amongst them by 
the Commission in Jan. and Feb. last: 

The number of men in these regiments, 
the number of sick and the character of 
their diseases, and the condition of the 
camps, I stated in a former report. The 
regiments that were stationed here for the 
time above specified, were from Ohio, In- 
diana, Illinois, ^Michigan, Wisconsin, Mis- 
souri. Kentucky, and Tennes.see; besides 
detachments from other States. In many 
of them were regimental hospitals, and in 
all of them sick soldiera, under treatment 
by regimental surgeons. From the com- 
manding oHieers and surgeons of these 
regiments I obtained information of the 
wants of their men in camp, and have from 
time to time furnished them with such 
sanitary sui)j>lie8 as were required. 

From my frequent visits to their camps, 
I know that the suppliers furnished were 
ia\U\l\\Uy av\^lied; and the officers and 
BolOiTLiiT^ m imsixi^ ol ^iXl^\£L\i&lN^^o\^3CIi.taril7 



The Sanitary Commisdon Budetin. 



441 



iinited in letters of thanks to the Aid 
Societies and ladies of the Northern States, 
for the supplies received through their 
agency. Those letters I have forwarded 
to you, and many of them are published 
in a supplement to the Sanitaru Reporter, 

If any one doubts the good that is done 
througn the U. S. Sanitary Commission, 
let him read the effusions of thankfulness 
from the warm hearts of our gallant soldiers. 
Testimony to the same effect could be had 
from thousands more, if it were desired. 

The following articles, from the TJ. S. 
Sanitary Commission, were distributed 
among the soldiers of the regiments around 
Nashville, during the months of January 
and February, 1864: 

Blankets, 42; comforts, 158; bedticks, 62; 
pillows, 121; pillow cases, 249; sheets, 212; 
shirts, 908; drawers, 672 pairs; towels, 588; 
socks, 636 pairs; slippers, 38 pairs; mittens, 
150 pairs; fruit, 351 cans; condensed beef, 
134 cans; dried fruit, 5,800 lbs. ; groceries, 
855 lbs. , such as farina, &c. ; wine and spirits, 
272 bottles; condensed milk, 48 cans; apple 
butter, 88 gallons; pickles, 512 gallons; 
kraut, 2,150 gallons; potatoes, 623 bushels, 
onions, 231 bushels; ale 106 gallons; green 
apples, 14 bushels; crackers, 612 lbs.; tea, 
60 lbs. ; sugar, 370 lbs. Besides a variety 
of smaller articles. 

The supplies furnished to State agencies 
from the U. S. Sanitary Commission, which 
are considerable, are not included in the 
above list of articles distributed. The 
greatest need I found to exist among the 
regiments from East Tennessee, The men 
of these regiments have been compelled to 
carry on a desultory warfare with the rebels, 
many months before Gen. Bumside reach- 
ed Knoxville. 

They had suffered every thing but the 
loss of their lives and honor. Their prop- 
erty had been plundered or destroyed, and 
thev had been driven from their homes, to 
find shelter and a precarious subsistence in 
the mountains. 

When protection came, they rallied un- 
der the federal flag, with brave hearts, but 
in a weak and exhausted bodily condition. 

Owing to these circumstances, sickness 
had been more fatal among tliem, than 
among the men of other regiments. In 
talking upon this subject with Dr. Mitchell, 
the Surgeon of the 102d Ohio regiment of 
infantry, whose camp was near them, and 
who had often visited them when sick, he 
remarked, that when any of them had a 
severe attack of disease, they were sure to 
die, not only for the reason above mention- 
ed, but for another reason which he stated, 
to this effect: they have no home, no pleas- 
ant future in anticipation; the mothers, and 
sisters, wives and daughters, of many of 
them, have perished; while those that sur- 
vive are houseless wanderers, within the 
rebeJ lines, from whom no tidinga can be 



had, or pining and starving amidst the des- 
olations of their once happy country. 

Such is the picture that continually pre- 
sents itself before the minds of the East 
Tennessee soldiers; and when disease seizes 
upon them, it is no wonder that it should 
prove fatal, aggravated, as it must be, by 
sickness of heart that no medicine can cure. 

The U. S. Sanitary Commission has done 
for them what it could, and I have the sat- 
isfaction of knowing it has done very much 
to relieve their sufferings. 



HOMES AND LODGES. 

NASHYILLE. 

During the four weeks ending April 30, 4,750 
soldiers have been admitted from twenty-four 
different States; 4,867 lodgings have been fur- 
nished, and 18,525 meals. Transportation has 
been furnished for 4,314; and pay, to the 
amount of $8,328.04, has bee a dniwu and paid 
over. 

MEMPHIS. 

At the Lodge at Memphis there have been 
admitted, during the four weeks ending May 
Ist, 1,444 men, from twenty different States; 
4,389 meals were furnished, and 1,169 lodgings. 
Transportation was procured for 117. 

CAMP NELSON. 

The following is a statement of the opera- 
tions of the Home at this Post, for the month of 
April, 1864. 

The uncertain destiny of Camp Nelson for the 
past month, seems to have suspended its usual 
operations, and also to have directed trade and 
travellers from the Camp. 

However, Camp Nelson is not now the scene 
of the gigantic business which it once was, con- 
sequently, we have to report a smaller number 
of inmates of the Home for the month of ApriL 

Number of lodgings for the month of April, 
2, 484. Number of meals for the month of April, 
7,455. 

On the 18th of April, Chaplain Henderson, of 
the 112th Illinois Regiment, advised me that 
(14) fourteen barrels of potatoes, (2) two kegs of 
pickles, and one box of sundries, were at Paris, 
Ky., for his regiment, and he desired me to pro- 
cure them for distribution, as Sanitary stores. 
I immediately telegraphed for the stores, to be 
sent on to me at Camp Nelson. 

This evening. Chaplain Pell, of the 12th Reg- 
iment of Cavalry, who, on the 28th of last De- 
cember, left Knoxville, with me for Louisville, 
came to camp and informed me that for four 
months he had been lecturing in behalf of his 
special object, viz.: to raise Sanitary stores for 
his regiment, and his success had attained (16) 
sixteen boxes, and (5) five barrels, which he ex- 
pected by Government tranflf)ortation the same 
evening. Finding that his regiment had gone 
two days previous for Loudon, Tenn, he very 
wisely turned over the shipment to the depot 
here, taking my receipt for it * 

The sterhng philanthropy of Chaplain Pell is 
highly commendable. For four months he had 
labored assiduously to collect these stores for 
his regiment, Mid, ^o\3\i\\e«a,Vi^'^^*^ ^^"^^^^^ 
with mncYi pVeaswx^ lo ^^ Xxma ^\i^\i. V^ ^asjv^^ 
dispense th^m to \iift ^©^^ -jsiftTixsaActXjaA ^«s«k. 



4f2 



The Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 



A y < r . ..'jinj/ that transportation could not be 
;.'....' I K" *xi>re.s8ed himself equally recom- 
;, .'. ■ : ■,;.' th': JuHsurunce that the soldier in his 
<. ... ! .:?;'! ii«-d, whether from Michiv;an or 
'.'•i .'.' ',: -my rUh'T loyal State, mip:ht bt3 com- 
f.v ; .,■. rii-ji). TluH is the doctrine of justice 

•4;. . •• ■ «/' Ii'Vr)I«;ncc. 

; ;..- ; *:,.H>^\ii that the ^ood people who labor 
... ' .•.'.•;■.•, arid contrilmte so abundantly and 
;• ;. .' . . y Jor th" KoMitir, had learned long ago 
" .'■ ;'" .♦ j/zijiroprioty and wtwtefulnesspositive- 
.• .:.' ,:t' \, by shipping stores to regiments. 
•'».',.<; ..• .MniiVfeHboro', last summer, I re- 
'.-. • ; '. «r .f liundn.'d boxes, for individuals 
:..'., ' ',',.f,.ini<;h ill the Anny of the Cumberland, 
* •• ' , .;'iji of v^hirh were worthless, ere the 
' • ••■ ' -M be found. So, in the shipment 
.♦."..';. /.../.'»is for the 112th Regiment, the boxes 
/• ;';..•: I oy tlie ('hupbiiuas most valuable, were 
.'.',•. ..',;♦/; a half dollar, while some of the bar- 
/« . • A. ... 'l,ifMag«'d by long delays and careless 
/..;.'. ;,.•/:;' 'i h«'H<5 ecmsequonces, so far as my 
« /•/' •.'.'.' 'xt^fnds, almost invariably attach to 
;,.', .. • .'. ptiif-nt-' to St^ite troops. 

/•- ' '-,'.' ! J .ion. I will state the Home at Camp 
.'»'."..'. J •. th'; I'ost Church. We have regular 
>•:•.,•'• j/ioriiing an<l evening, every Lord's 
'.' :• ■■■■'.''\ a ]iray«-r meeting every Wednesday 
« v« ,'j. /;'.'. .S<viral i>rotracted meetings have 
;../<a'l. r,.«'fi lj<I«L Chaplains who remain in 
' /;.]/ V. jfli tij<ir ef»nirades, are tendered the use 
'.*. o.jf I.ir^M; (liuing hall, which is frequently- 
m;< 1 v.jtli Holdi<Ts, employees and visitors, 
h'Jj vjjit*- and oth(;rwise. 

];/. Wmo.N, Chaplain U. S. A., and Ilev. L. 
A. ]';.;, .'.11, Hospital Visitor U. S. Sanitary Com- 
//ji- j'lii, are our regular j)reachers; while a 
I'Ai.iii/tv ;jrnerally appears every week to aid 

tli< Ml. 

Tin- Home is now thoroughly white w>vshed, 
aijil th." sodding, etc., will be completed this 

WASHINGTON. 

'i'lji' following is some of the labor performed 
in thisonicf for the quarter ending April 1st: 
Amount of nionry colh'cted upon four hundred 
an<l .^i. My six cast's, $i.'jH,.iy3.21 ; amount of money 
J<>isvar«l<.l npon eighty drafts. $8,321.20; num- 
\)i I of nii n lodg<'<l, 4,203; number of meals fur- 
uihJj* «l. 'l^\.\)\o\ number of letters written, 1,110; j 
niinibi r of letters received, 233. 

ANN.U»OIJS. 

'J"]i( li< V. Mr. Hennis rei)orts: 
J liavi' tin: honor to report that the Ilome in 
llji.^ <ity. <-,stablish('d by your direction tor the 
l>< inlji <,\ nursrs, mothers, wives, and relatives 
i>\ hoMii rs lui-atrd in this vicinity, more espe- 
i'ialjv for the hirk and wounded in our hospitids, ! 
is in ."lU'-.i^Hinl ojM-ration, meeting with general 
fiivor ho/n tlioso who visit it and know person- 
ally of Jt i op« rations. During the latter part of 
Jainiary and the month c)f Fttbruary, wv had but 
\<iy lew visitors; as tlm cxchangt* of prisoners 
^^as snHjxiided, our hospiUds, wliich are prin- 
cij)ally for the rcc.«'j>tiou of parole*! ju'isoners, . 
bcin^' nearly cleanul. and conseipiently there 
was little to call the reliitives of soldit.Ts to this | 
|>oint. l>nringthe month of March there has 
1>e«-n a lai'v iiKTeuso, and «it present the Homo 
ji» well tilled; and I cannot convey to you any 
W/,-y//y///. i'nin-rj)U(ni <tf tlw ^rutitiid'o manifested 
Z:^ ///>/,/; wlii) Hhuru tho bmoiltH uf Uio iiome, 



and believe that it is exerting a good inflaence, 
in recommending the Commission to the faTor- 
able consideration of those who have known bat 
little of its operatioQS in detail 

The number of meals and lodgings afforded 
since the Ist of January to the 1st of April, are 
as follows: Meals, 1,221; lodgings, 408; besides 
a large number of meals which have been given 
to the male relatives of our soldiers, and others 
who have visited by invitation. I would sug- 
gest that permission be asked to purchase stores 
from tho commissary of this post for the Home, 
on the same conditions as they are afforded to 
officers, which would be quite a saving to the 
Commission. 



THE U. S. SANITARY COMMISSION IN 
BOSTON. MASSACHUSETTS. 

A meeting of the Associate members of 
the United States Sanitary Commission was 
held A fortnight ago in the rooms of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee, No. 76 Kingston Street, 
to listen to a report concerning the Special 
Relief Service of the Commission in this 
city, for the year ending March 31, 1864. 
H. B. Rogers, Esq., presided. 

John B. Blatchford, Esq., on behalf of 
the Executive Committee of the Boston As- 
sociates, presented a report concerning the 
Special Relief of the Commission for the 
year ending March 31, 18(U. 

** The service was established April 1, 
18G3. Rooms located at No. 76 Kingston 
Street were furnished for the purpose. The 
establishment as now equipped consists of 
an office, reception room, sleeping rooms, 
containing 60 beds; a hospital ward, with 
12 beds, with convenient wash rooms, bath 
rooms, and water closet; capacious closets 
for hospital stores, clothing, and linen, and 
a room appropriated for the use of the 
wives, mothers, and sisters of sick soldiers, 
who often accompany them on their return 
to their homes. 

** The first applicant for aid was received 
April 7, 1863. Since then 11,190 soldiers 
have received aid, as classified in the fol- 
lowing statement: 

*' Secured transportation at reduced (gov- 
ernment) rate to 4,990; furnished transpor- 
tation 2)aid by the Commission to 193; se- 
cured transportation by U. S. Quartermas- 
ter for 781; furnished carriage within the 
city, for sick and feeble, for 1,627; special 
attendance to their homes in charge of mea- 
senf^ors to 85; furnished lodging, 6,305; 
number of meals, 16,351 — to 7,945; clothing 
— number of garments, 677 — to 355; aid in 
arranging papers, 147; aid in obtaining 
pay, 190; medical advice, 400; wounds 
dressed, 279; procured commutation of ra- 
tions, 75; loaned money, 51; gave money, 
85; sent to hospital, 100; referred to local 
relief associations, 42; secured re-enlist- 
ment, 20; amount of back pay collected, 
S'20,5o9 16; furnished undertaker's servi- 
ces, h\ OL<ioX\ia, "i. 



The Sanitary Commission JivUetin. 



44a 



**In tttldition to the above* a cotifiidera- 
ble atnotmt of aid hQ» been render€*d to res- 
ident , diBcli urged, disabled soldiers and 
their ftimilies; perTOHoent and reimmera- 
tive c^mpltij-ment having, in Bonm instaneea, 
beeB obtained for disabled men, who, oth- 
erwise, would remain a helplifsa biudeo 
upon our charities. 

*' Of the whole muuber thns aidetl, Maine 
haR fiirniished 4,nHti; Kew Hampshire 7(>8: 
Yerni*j(it 121; MasaaebusettH 4,422^ Con* 
ueeticnt 51; Bliodti Maud 50; New York 
140; NewJerwejiJ; PeniisylvouiaJM; Mary- 
land 3; District of Colurnbift34; Ohio 86; 
KentuelsT 13; Michigan 7; ludtHna 7; lUi- 
noia 15; Kansas 7: Iowa 10; Miiinosota 24; 
M^iseojisiii 17; Miissonri 5; Tennessee 2; 
Louinim^a 4; Alabaiixa'ij Virginia 2; Geor- 
gia 2: Dolaware, California,' North Caro- 
lina, MiBsissippi, Florida, and rebel aimj, 
1 each; U. B. regulars, 550; U, S. Navy, 
102; veteran reserve cori>s, (108; corps d'- 
AJriqne, IS. 

•* Thf? Hospital Car service between New 
York and Boston^ established under the di* 
rtiction of the Executive Committee of the 
ComxaJf^OD in thia city, Nov. % 18G4, baa 
been attended with satisfactory resulta, 
4^605 soldiers having been transported. 

** The total expenditure for the year, as 
fiho^Ti Ijy the Treasarer's aceonnt^ baa been 
$15.47S.riO, clai^iiied as follows: Kent and 
taxes ^t; 1*1 49; fumiahing repairs, S2,G 13. 42; 
salarii^^, 62,148 lAl; traveling expenses, 
€212.57; adverfeifting, ^242. ti 7; stationery 

" nd printing, Sj12,61>; positage, ^14; tele- 
rams, S*164; ho!*pital stores, 8238.59; sn- 

■^■p ^ M/nt*s expense account, ^6,877.07; 
t uns, ^240. G7; hospital car trans- 

i.M..u.....nx, $ij3aH8. 

** Tlie average cost per man of the ser- 
vfce fur the lirst quarter, ending Jtme 30> 
IStiJi, Wfis 82.35; for the second quarter, 
ending fck*ptember 30, 180, S1.2H; for the 
third quarter, ending December 31, 1863; 
8U5; and for the fourth quarter, ending 
March 31, 1864, 81. Oa 

** The necessary funds for the snpport of 
the * 8pe<?ial HeUef Service * of the Com- 
jniai.it tn in this city are drawn from the 
reit^nrer of the Boston Bninch, J, Hunt* 
ngton Wolcott, Esq, Sll>jtiOO-^being a 
[>rti«.in of the proceeds of the Fair held iu 
this city in December last, in aid of the 
Sanitary Commisjsion — was donated for the 
anpport of this ser^^ice, by the N. E. Wo- 
man's Auxiliary Association. Tlie amount 
in the treaanry, April 1, I8t>4, waH$n,H6:i32, 
wkich, at the current rate of expenditures 
for the last quarter, wiH aufliee to meet the 
expenses of the next four months. 

"The rooms are open at all hours of the 
day and night, and provision is made at the 
principal railway ^tationa t<j meet such sol- 
dieif^ as may require aid upon the arrival 
of trains, and convey them to the rooms or 
to cvuii^cthiff trmnM, 



*'Itisthe policy of the Commission to 
facilitate the return of all soldiers to their 
homes or camps with the least possible do- 
lay, but during theii- delay they enjoy tba i 
comforts of a home, with cheerfiil enrround- * 
ingSt and ever ready hands to mini^ster aU 
needed aid and comfort. Their frequent 
and earnest expressions of plea.sure and 
gratitude evince their apprecuition of th# 
beneficent services thus rendered them. " 

To illustrate the great variety of casea in 
wliich the Commission has been of service 
to the soldier, Mr. Bktchford read several 
extracts from the record book^ in whioh ifl 
recorded the name of every man who is in 
any way aided by the Commission, together 
with a sketch of the pai-ticular kind of help 
given him. These records were deeply in- 
teresting, and gave copious proofs of the 
efficiency of the organization. 



MARKED AETICLES. 

Bomo of the marks which are fastened on 
the blankets, shirts, A-c, sent to the Sani- 
tary CommisKion for the soldiers, show the 
thought and feehng at home. Thus — on a 
home-spun blanket, worn, but washed a^ 
clean as snow, was pinned a bit of paper, 
which &aid: " This blanket wa*^ oiirried by 
Milly Aldrieh, (who is ninety -three yearn ' 
old,) down lull and up iiill, one and a hfiii ' 
miles, to be given to some soldier/* 

On a bed cpult was pinned a card, saying; 
** My son is in the army* Wlioever is mad© 
warm by this quilt, wnicli 1 have worked 
on for six days and almost aU of six nights, 
let him remember his own mother's love*** 

On (mother blanket was this: ''This 
blanket was used by a soldier in the war of 
1812 — it may keep some soldier warm in 
this war agiunst traitors* " 

On a pdlow was written; **Tliia pillow 
belonged to my little boy, who died resting 
on it; it is a precious treasure to me, but I 
give it for the soldiers/' 

On a pair of woolen socks was writteti; 
** These stockings were knit by a little girl 
five years old, and she is going to knit some 
more, for mother says It will help some 
poor soldier.'' 

On a box of beautiful lint was this mark: 
" Made in a sick room, where the sunlight 
lias not entered for nine years, but where 
God ha^ entered, and whexe two sous have 
bid their mother good-bye, as they have 
gone out to tlie war/* 

On a bundle containing bandages was 
written: .** This is a poor gift, but ft is aU I 
had. I have given my husband and my boy, 
and only wish I had more to gii^e, but I 
haven't" , 

On some eye- eh adea were m arked ; * * Mftde 
by one who is blind. Oh, how 1 lone to m^A ^ 
the dena oV\ ^a^ ^^t -jqu ^^ iba.\i^gQi^ai% 
HJidfix/*— Sanitary BcpOTlwrf . 



444 



J7?e Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



N')Ti:s ox NL'ItSING. 



wiiiT KoonT 



r 'A ill II "iitinii Mill' IT two of tlip most conifr.on 
(iT'T- :r:i ■ ,s. winii-"i ill rhiir::- <»f ^.j.'k n-p'Tli:ii: 
j-ivu <1=- '. <»:i.. i^ t1i.« U.<li-rih:it \u"\' t»'a is tin* 
in':-t i.-initiv' ..r all iirtiol-.-. Ni.w. juM trv iiinl 
I...:I <l..-.\!i I p »:r; 1 nf lM..-.r i-.tn l.....rt.M..\.ip..r.it ■ 
y-ur !'•• I I :i. iin'l s.-.' wliai i«« l.-ft of your l»^"t'. 
N'i' I will li'i.l tlj.it t!i T-- is Ir.iri-ly a {'a-pooril'iil df 
S'»ii.| 11.. ir--'iFii--:it to liall" a jn-.t I'l'wal'r in 
!•' rl ti- 1: ii-\-.-rth'l.— i lii'-n? \< .y ci'rlaiii n'par.v- 
t:v" 'pi.ii.ry i:i it. wr «1.. iint know wliat. a- tli-r-' 
i> ill t' •: li<;t it nriy satMy be u'iv.!! in almost 
any i:i:l nriat-u-y »li^,ast*. ali.l is a^. litll*.' to 1m- d'- 
]i.:i !■• 1 ni.iu Willi tli«* hi'.illliy or couval.'^ivnt 
wh- :■-■ M'li-li nourislinirut i<< nMjiiiriil. Auraiii. 
it i-^ .iM i V. r r.iily sawtliat an «-:.,' i-^ niuivak-nt 
to a p ' ::i I -.f iii-at ■ wli.-ivas it is imt at all so. 
Al> •. ii is s. 1,1)111 noiiiMil with liow many pa- 
ti»'iit<. \) ■..ti.nl.iily (^1' m-rvtuis or liili«uis ti:li]n-r- 
am- :it. . _'.'■< .lisa^'r.-.'. All pu'lilin;,'s ma<li' with 
!■.;_:<. .;:•• ijistastrfiil to thfiii in fiwisiipu in-r. 
An • _• :, wliipp.-.l up with win*-, is ott'-n tin- only 
t-'ini i:i which lin-y can takf this kin-l •)!' noiir- 
isliiii' ut. A'_,'.iin. if tli^ p.itii-nt has alt.iiii"tl to 
liitip.u: ni'Mi. it is snppos.'il that t«^ ^ivi* him 
nif.it i^ til'- (.Illy thinij n<MMlfiil lor liis i\'iM»vi'ry; 
\vh. '■.-.■^ s.-.,il);itic soii-s havi* ht«n a'-taally 
kii-iwTi to ;ipp.Mr amon'4 si.'k persons livin^j in 
thi- i:ii !m i.fpl.nty in Kni^laiid, whirh <-onl<l !».• 
trai. .1 to no othi-r soun-i- than thi«<. vi/„: that 
the mil-'-, .l.-p-niliu'.j on nnat alonr. hail allow- 
cil ti..- piti-ut to hi' witlimt V(;^'i't.ililis J".»r a 
ooMsi.l. i.il.j,. time, tln'si' latt.T hoin;^' so ha-lly 
c'onkr 1 tli.it h«- always h-ft th' ni untonrhni. 

Air ' . .• '.«: is aTiotht-r j^rantl ili-iMiiili'ii "f tho 

\V'\\ -•. \<. a vi hi<l<' lor wim-. ami a rcstorativi' 
(p.ii •'.i\y ji;-. p ir,-,l. it is all v»ry Wi-ll. IJnt it i-; 
n-iiliiii.: I. ;t stiii'h ainl wati-r. Flour is both 
iiior- iiiiti iti\r. ami l«-ss liahli- to lfrmi.-nt, and 
is ]i.- :• !\l!.|.- \vh<*r«v«-r it ^\\\\ 1»" usimI, 

A_'ii!i. milk and tin* )n«'i>arations from milk, 
UV'- .1 !ii)si impoii mt aiti«'lcof foml for tin- sick, 
l^i't. ■• i< th" li-.;ht"st hind oi animal i.it. and 
tli'Mi.. li it waiit'^thc siiLTaraml soiip-of tla* <»thi'r 
tl'iii'i:^ wjiiih th«-ic arc in milk, vrt it is 
nio-l \.,lu ill).' both in itsi-lf and in cnablin-^ the 
jiatii'iit to cat moro brca'l. l"'l«>m', «»ats, ;4[roats, 
biii.y. and lh< ir kiinl, arc, as wc haw aln-ady 
saM. in- i.'ial'lc in all th«'ir prc[)arations to all 
the 1'!-. paiati'Uis of jirrowro.it. sai^'o, tapioca, 
and t:i ;r kind. Cream, in many lon_: «*hronic 
(lis. as, s. is ^piitc irrci»lact idih' by any other arti- 
(•!■■ w hit" v-T. It sci-ms tiMi'-t in th'* same man- 
ner :e. li. , f ti-.i. ami to most it is much iMsii-r of 
di..." sii.iM than milk. Intact, it soMom disagrees. 
Ch. .^e is not Usually di-^istibl.- by the siek, but 
it is pure nourishment for r»'[» lirinj^ waste; and 
I ha\i s-'eii .sick, and not a tew cithi-r, who*'? 
craviu-.,' fi>r i-h"«'so showcil how !nuch it was 
iiied- d by th.-m. 

In ill" tliseas.s produced by bad food, such as 
sciubutlc dy.sentery and diarrhea, th" patient's 
Hi om.ieh oltcii i-ravcs for an<l dii^'ests thing's, 
som ■ "f whi'-h certainly wouM Ix- laiil il own in 
no dii't iry that cvtT was invented for sick, and 
fspt cially not for such sick. These are fruit, 
pickh*-;. jims. i,Mn«;crbread, fat <»f hamor bacon, 
KUet, clici-so, butlt'r, milk. These cases I have 
Het'ii iu)t hvimcs, nor hy tons, hut by hiiu-lrcds. 
Ai2(/ the pativut'H Htomavh Wii.s right iiinl the 



: book W.1S wronj?. The articles rmved for, in 

! these casi's. mi*^ht have betn princii)allyarranK- 

, ed under the two heads of fut ami Tcyetable 

! acids. 

• There is often a marked differenoe between 
nien and wnmnn in this matter of siek feeling. 
WoTuen's .li'ijcstion is Ronerally .*jlowf r. 

Ihit. if tVish milk is so valnabh: a food for the 

sick, the leiht chan.o«M»rKOurnes.^ in it, makes it 

of all articlts, perhaps, the most injurious; 

I diarrhea is a ctuinnon resultof fresh milkallow- 

: cil to become at all sour. The nurse, thi-refore, 

ouu'ht to exercisi^ her utmost care in thi.s. In 

■ lari^e in>.tituti(ms for the fiick. even the poorest. 
; th^' utmost care is ixerei.sed. Wenham Lake 
j ice is used for this evpre.ss puqiose every sum- 
I mer, whil.« the j)rivate patient, jK'rhaps, never 
I tastes a dn»]) of milk that is not sour, all throuj^h 
, the hot Weather. SO little doe« the private nurse 

understand the nect-ssity of Kuch e:ire. YeL if 
you eonsidiT that the only<lrop of real nourish- 

I uient in your I'ati cut's tea is the drop of milk, 
and h«iw much almost idl Kniilish patii'uts «U- 

, I)enil upi»n tlieir t»'a, you will see the ^reat im- 
])ortanee of not dii»rivinf» your patient of this 
drop nf milk. l>utt<Tniilk. a totally difterent 

, thini^', is ofien very useful, especially in fe- 
VI rs. 

I In layiTif,' d'lwn rule«< of <liet. by the amounts 

■ of • solid nutriment" in dilferent kinds of fi)od, 
it is c'Uistantly lost si«:jht of what the i)atient re- 
quires to re])air his wiiste, what lie can take and 
what he cant. You cannot diet a patient from u 
botik.yoii cannot make up the human body as 

I you wouhl make up a pie.scription— so many 
]>arts *• carboniferous.*" so many parts ♦•nitro- 
genous" will <'onstitute a jjcrfcet diet for the 

. ]» iticnt. Thi^ nurse's (d)servation ln»re will mate- 
rially assist the doctor- the patient's '• fancies" 

: will mat"rially assist the ntirse. For instance, 

I su«,Mr is one of the most nutritive t>f all articles, 
b. inu' pure carbon, and is particularly recom- 
m. Tided in s')me books, liut the vastnmjority 
«.f all patiiMits in J'uifland, youufi and «dd. male 
an«l l'emal«', rich autl po<u-. hospiud and private, 
disliki* swiet thini^s and while I have never 
known a jn-rson take to sweets when he was ill 

, who dislike,! them wlien he was well. I have 
known many ftiud »)f them when in health, who 
in si<'knes-. wouhl have otV anything sweet, even 

, to sUL.'ir in ti-a sweet puddiuf^js. sweet drinks. 
are t!ii ir av..r-i'«n; thi? furred tongue almost 
always likes what is sharp or pungent. Scorbn- 

; tic patients are an exc"pt ion. they often enive 
l\»r swceime.it< and jams. 

[ .lelly is anotluT article t>f diet in great favor 
with nur.-« s and l'iicn»ls of the sick: even if it 
('.luld be eat« n solid, it wouhl ni>t nourish, but 
it- is sim])ly th" h"i'.;ht of folly to take \ oz. of 
gclatiui' and make it intti a certain bulk by dis- 

I S'llviu'^ it in water, and then to give it to the 

. sick, as if tin- i:i ri,* bulk represi-utt'd noiirish- 
mi•n^ It is now kn'»wn that j'dly does not 
nourish, that it his a tenthney to produce 
»lia!rh"a and to trust it to n*pair the waste of 

' a diseased const jtutiitu, is simply to starve the 
sick under the "uise of feeding* them. If one 
hundred sj>oonfuls of jelly were given in the 
coiu'se of the day. you would havo Riven one 
spi»onful of gelatine, which 8X)oouful has no 
nutritive in»wer whatever. 

A.iiv\, nvi\v:t\\vAv^s, \j,'A\>.\iTift ^^Quiaias a large 



The Sanitary Commission BvHettn. 



445 



quantity of nitrogen, which is one of the most 
powerfal elements in nutrition; on the other 
hand, beef tea may be chosen as an illastration 
of fpre^t nutrient power in sickness, co-existing 
with a very small amount of solid nitrogenous 
matter. 

Dr. Christison says that " every one will be 
struck with the readiness with which" certain 
classes of "patients will often take diluted meat 
juice or beef tea repeatedly, when they refuse all 
other kinds of food." This is particularly re- 
markable in •* cas€8 of gastric fever, in which," 
he says, *' little or nothing else besides beef tea I 
or diluted meat juice" has been taken for weeks 
or even months; "and yet a pint of beef tea 
contains scarcely \ oz. of any thing but water." 
The result is so striking, that he asks what is 
its mode of action ? •• Not simply nutrient—} 
oz. of the most nutiitive material cannot nearly 
replace the daily wear and tear of the tissues in 
any circumstances. Possibly," he says, *'it 
belongs to a new denomination of remedies." 

It has been observed, that a small quantity of 
beef tea, added to other articles of nutrition, 
augments their power out of all proportion to 
the additional amount of solid matter. 

The reason why jelly should be innutritions 
and beef tea nutritious to the sick, is a secret 
yet undiscovered ; but it clearly shows that 
careful observation of the sick is the only clue 
to the best dietary. 

Chemistry has as yet afforded little insight 
into the dieting of sick. All that chemistry 
can tell us is the amount of " carboniferous" or 
** nitrogenous" elements discoverable in differ- 
ent dietetic articles. It has given us lists of 
dietetic substances, arranged in the order of 
their richness in one or other of these princi- 
ples; but that is aU. In the great majority of 
cases, the stomach of the patient is guided by 
other principles of selection than merely the 
amount of carbon or nitrogen in the diet No I 
doubt, in this as in other things, nature has 
very definite rules for her guidance ; but these 
rules can only be ascertained by the most careful 
observation at the bedside. 8he there teaches 
us that living chemistry, the chemistry of repa- 
ration, is something different from the chemis- 
try of the laboratory. Organic chemistry is 
nsefol, as all knowledge is, when we come face 
to face with nature; but it by no means follows 
that we should learn in the laboratory' any one 
of the reparative processes going on in disease. 
Again, the nutritive power of milk, and of the 
preparations from milk, is very much under- 
valued; there is nearly as much nourishment 
in half a pint of milk as there is in a quarter of 
a pound of meat But this is not the whole 
question or nearly the whole. The main ques- 
tion is what the patient's stomach can assimilate 
or derive nourishment from, and of this the 
patient's stomach is the sole judge. Chemistry 
cannot tell this. The patient's stomach must 
be its own chemist The diet which will keep 
the healthy man healthy, will kill the bick one. 
The same beef which is the most nutritive of 
all meat, and which nourishes the healthy man, 
is the least nourishing of all food to the pick 
man, whose half-dead stomach can assimikUe no 
part of it, that is, make no food out of it On 
a diet of beef tea healthy men, on the other 
hand, speedily lose their strength. — Miss NigtUr 
ingdle. 



PROTECTIVE 

OF THE 

STATE OF NEW YORK. 



OFFICE, 35 CHAMBERS STEEET, 



iTB-s^ "s-or:^- 



PrssidGut 
Lietjt.-Gen. WINFIELD SCOTT. 

Vice-Presidents. 
Hon. HAMILTON FISH. 
JOHN J. CISCO, Esq. 
AD]\riRAL DUPONT. 
RUDOLPH A. WITTHAUS, Esq. 

Tre&surer 
ROBT. B. MINTTJRN, Esq. 

^Directors 

HoNS. E. D. MOUGAN, GEORGE OPDYKE, 
HIRAM BARNEY, JAS. W. BEEKMAN. Ret. 
H. W. BELLOWS, D.D. Messrs. JOHN JACOB 
ASTOR, JAMES BROWN, WM. H. ASPINWALL, 
JAS. GALLATIN, HOWARD POTTER, WM. E. 
DODGE, Jr., THEODORE ROOSEVELT, PETER 
COOPER, GEORGE BANCROFT, DANIEL LORD, 
WILSON G. HUNT, ROBT. L. STUART, ALFRED 
PELL. 

Apply in person or by letter, to 

HENRY GREENFIELD, Sec'i/, 

35 Chambers Street, New York. 



OBJECTS OF THE ASSOCIATION. 

IsL To secure the soldiers and sailors and 
their families , any claims for pensions^ pay, 
or bounty, etc. , without cost to the claimant. 

2d. To protect soldiers or sailors and their 
families from imposture and fraud. 

3o?. To prevent false claims from being 
made against the Government. 

4th. To give gratuitous advice and infoV' 
motion to soldiers and sailors or their fami' 
lies needing it. 

THE MEEOANTILE MAEINE 
INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 35 IFall Sfrcct, New York. 



INCORPORATED APRIL, 1842. 
Assets over $1,400,000. 

MARIKE and Inland Tranaportation rinka on Veaaela. 
Freight and MerchandiHe insured on the most favorabl* 
terms. 

Policies are issued, loss, if anjr. payable in Gold, or at 
the office of RATH BONE, BROTHERS k CO., lirerpool, if 
desired. 

Parties eflfecting insurance at this office maj participat* 
in the scrip dividend of profits, or receive an equiTalent 
cash discount, at their own option. 

The risk of war covered at the lowest current rates. 

ELLWOOD WALTER, Pres't 
CHAa NEWCOMB, Vice-Pres't 
C. J. Disp^SD, ^cst^Xarj. 



446 



The SanUary Commission BttUetin. 



THE U. S. SANITARY COMMISSION 

Was constituted by the Secretary of War in 
June, lb()l, in accordance with the recommen- 
dation of the Surgeon-General of the U. S. 
Anny, and its appointment and plan of organi- 
zation were approved by the President of the 
United States. Its present organization is as 
follows : 

H. W. Bellows, D.D., New York. 

A. D. Baohe, LL.D., Washington, D. 0. 

F. L. Olmsted, Caliibmia. 

George T. Strong, Esj., New York. 

Elisha Harris, M.D., New York. 

W. H. Van Buren. M.D., New York. 

A. E. Shiras, U. S. A. 

li. C. Wood, Assistant Surg.-Gen'l U. S. A. 

Wolcott Gibbs. M.D., New York. 

S. G. Howe, M.D., Boston. Mass. 

C. K. Agnew, M.D., New York. 

J. S. Newberry, M.D., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Rt. Kev. T. M. Clarke, Providence, R. L 

Hon. R. W. Burnett, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Hon. Mark Skinner, Chicago, IlL 

Hon. Joseph Holt, Washington, D. C. 

Horace liinney, Jr., Philadelphia, Penn. 

Rev. J. H. Heywood, Louisville, Ky. 

J. Huntington Wolcott, Boston, Mass. 

Prof. Fairman Rogers, Philadelphia, Penn. 

C. J. Still6. 

Ezra B. McCagg, Chicago, HL 



H. W. Bellows, D.D., President. 

A. D. Bache, IAj.J)^ Vice-President, 

George T. Strong, Treasurer. 

J. Fos<t(;r Jenkins, M.D., General Secretary. 

J. S. Newberry, M.D., Associate Secretary. 

J. H. Douglas, M.D., Associate Secretary. 

F. N. Knapp, Associate Secretary. 

STANDING COMMITTEE. 

Henry W. Bellows, D.D. 
(n*orj;e T. Strong. 
William H. Van Buren, M.D. 
Wolcott Oibbs. M.D. 
C. li. Agnew, M.D. 



HOSPITAL DIRECTORY. 

The Sanitary Commission has made arrangements 
for siippIyniK information gratuitously, with regard to 
patieuUi ill all the United States General Hospitals. 

For information relative to patients in the Hospitals in 
New York, New Jersey, the New England States, East- 
ern Virginia, Maryland, District of Columbia, North 
Carolina. South Carolina, Florida and Louisiana, address 
••Ottico of Sanitary Commission, Washington, D. C." 

For the HoHpitals in Pennsylvania, address "Office of 
Sanitary Commission, No. 1,307 Chestnut Street, Phila- 
delphia." 

For the Hospitals In Western Virginia, Ohio, Indiaxia, 
niinoiH, MiHsouri, Iowa, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missis- 
sippi, and Arkansas, address "Office Sanitary Com- 
mission, Louisville, Ky." 

In all cases the name, rank, company, and regiment of 
the person inquired for should be given, and where he 
was when last heard from. If the application is by letter, 
the answer will be sent by return of mail ; if in person, 
it win bo answered at once ; or if by telegraph, an 
answer will be returned immediately at the inquirer's 
expense. 

JV7> Soldiers' Aid Societies, clergymen, editors, and 

others, can scarcely serve the cause of humanity more 

effectually than by frequently and widely disseminating 

M AnowJodffo of the Mbove, among those who luve friends 

Jn the mrmy. 



SUPPLY DEPARTMENT. 

The Sanitary OommiBsion, under BpecUl anth<N> 
ity of the President of the United States, mamtains 
an extensive system of agencies for securing the 
safe conveyance to, and distribution of, goods put 
in its charge for the sick and wounded at points 
where they are most wanted. It operates with 
equal care and generosity at all points— at New Or- 
leans and at Washington, before Charleston and at 
Chattanooga— its distributions being governed by a 
comparison of the wants of the patients in all cases. 
The following is a list of depots, to which auxiliary 
societies, and all disposed to aid the sick and 
woundea, without reference to Stat^is or localities, 
but simpler to their relative necessity for assist- 
ance, are mvited to send their offerings: 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 18 West 
Street, Boston, Mass. 

Sanitarv Commission, Branch Depot, No. 10 8d 
Avenue, New York. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 1,307 
Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. i6 
South Sharp Street, Baltimore. Md. 

Sanitary Commission, Brancn Depot, comer Tine 
and Sixth Streets, Cincmnati, O. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 95 
Bank Street. Cleveland, O. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 66 Mad- 
ison Street, Chicago, 111. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 2 Ad- 
am's Block, Buffalo, New York. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 59 4th 
Street^ Pittsburg, Penn. 

Samtary Commission, Branch Depot, No. S2 Larw 
ned Street, Detroit, Mich. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Colombus, 
Ohio. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Fifth Streeti 
Louisville, Ky. 

The Commission receives no pecuniary aid what- 
ever from the Government, and is wholly depend- 
ent on the voluntary contributions of the pubuo for 
the means of sustaining its operations. Contribu- 
tions to the Treasury are solicited, and may be 
transmitted to George T. Strong, Esq., Treasurer. 
68 WaU Street, N. Y. "» — * 



RELIEF DEPARTMENT. 

General Superintendent, Bev. F. N. Knapp, Washlnf* 
ton.D. 0. Chief Assistant. J. B. Abbott 

Soldiers' Home, near Baltimore Railroad Depot, Wash* 
ington, D. C. 

Soldier's Lodge. 76 Kingston Street, Boston. 

Lodge No. 4. H Street, between 13th and 14th Streets 

Ix>dge No. 6, Maryland Avenue, near Railroad StatiOD. 

Nurses' Home, Washington, D. 0. 

Soldiers' Home, Third Street, east of Broadway, Otn* 
dnnati, Ohio— CoL O. W. D. Andrews, Sup't. 

Soldiers' Home, Cairo, HL— O. M. Shlpman, Sup't and 
Belief Agent. 

Soldiers' Home, Louisville, Ky.^James Malona, Snp*t 
James Morton, Special Relief Agent. 

Soldiers' Home, NashviUe, Tenn.->L. Crane, Sup't and 
Belief Agent 

Soldiers' Home, Columbus, Ohio , Sup't 

Soldiers' Home, Cleveland, Ohio— <31ark Warren, Sup't 
and Relief Agent 

Soldiers' Lodge, near landing, Memphis, Tenn.— O.W« 
Christy, Sup't and Relief Agent 

Soldiers' lK>dge, Vicksburg, Miss.— T. Way, Sup't 

AOKMOT rOB PKICSIONS. 

William F. Bascom, Pension Agent, Washington, D. 

HOSPriAI. CABS. 

Between Wuhington and New York— 86L Andrewiy 
M. D., Surgeon in charge. 

Between New York and Boston, via Springfield. 

Between Louisville and Murfreesboro'— Dr. J. P. Baiw 
nam. Surgeon in charge. 

BAirrr ABT btkaxkb. 
OumY>«3r\snd Bimi— Kew Dunlelth. 



Tfie Sanifary Commission BuUettn. 



447 



RECEIVED 

TWO PRIZE MEDALS 



1^ 





(FBOM JUKIES 3 AND 4) 

AT THB 



INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, 



B«iDg IBole Awarda gained bj aujtliijog of tlia kind* It also received Superlative Eeportof 
** EXCEEDING EXCELLENT FOR FOOD,'' 



MAIZENA, 

At the OEEAT INTEBNATIONAL EXHIBITION at HAMBUBG, Jalj, 1863, received 
Ihe highest Prize Medid lor its great delicacy as an article of food, 

MAIZENA, 

At the FAIR of the NBW YOBK STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY, at Utioa, N, Y., 
Beptember, 1863, received both Diflosia and Msdaii, 

MAIZENA, 

AT THE * 

Peiiiisylvaiila State Fair at Norrlstown, 

Oct, 3. 1863, took Gold Medai*. 

" MAIZENA" has also tiiken th*? first premium at the Axebioan iNBTnTTTB, New York 
Oitf; ^ETf Jmmwt State Fsm at Trenton , and at other places — in every instance whejfe 
it has 1>ecn exhibited, 

" ALAIZENA" has never faOed to receive the highest award when placed in competi- 
tion with Com Starch and aD articlea of Like chara<jt<?r, after a thorough Microscopical 
and Analytical Examination of disinterested judges. It therefore stands commended to 
the pnblio as the beat article of its kind in the world without any eonunents of the nianu- 
facturer. 

MAIZENA, 

For Paddings, Cakes^ Cuatarda, Blanc Mange, ic. , without isin glass, with few OT no eggBj 
at & cost astonisbing the most economical. It is also exeellent for thickening aweet sauces, 
gravies for fish and meat^ soupa, ifec, For Ice Cream, ^ nothiisg can compare with it, A 
Ettie boile*! iu milk will produce rich cream for Coffee, Chocolate, Tea^ ^c. 

Put up in one pound packages, under the trade mark *'Maijcena," with directioni 
for nse. 

A most delicious article of food for children and invalids of all ages. For sale by 
Grotsers and Druggists everywhere. 

WHOLESALE DEPOT, 166 FULTON STREET, 



448 The Saniieury Commiadon Bulletin. 

^ — - ^ 1 

. OFFIOE OF THE 

ColtttttlJtM (^Uritte) §nmtmm 

C {j 111 P A N X , 

CORNER OF "Wall and nassau streets. 



CASH CAPITAL, - - 01,000,000. 



From Statement for the Sixth Fiscal Tear, ending December 31, 1863, 

Total AiiK.uiit of Assets, January 1, 18G4 ! $3,140,930 80 

Totnl AiMoiuit of Premiums .* 3,252,256 16 

Kxrnss of Kanied Premiums over Losses, &c 1,137,063 33 

lle-vrvc for K>timate Claims Unadjusted and other Contingencies 441,206 49 

Guaranteed Cash Dividend to Dealers, (holding certificates of same) on 
I'aid l*remiums Earned during the Year, whether Loss has Accrued 

or nut 269,614 80 

^(•rip Dividend to Dealers, on Earned Premiums 15 per cent. 

Dividend fur the Year to Stockholders 26 per cent. 



LOSSES PAID IN GOLD npon Bisb on which the PremiQin is paid in like Corrency. 



DEALERS WITH THIS COMPANY will be allowed the option (to be 
sit^nilicd at the time of application for ujsurance) of receiving in lieu of scrip, at the end 
of eacli year, P.ETUUN8 IN CASH, (guaranteed by certificate) of premiums paid and 
earned during the year, whetlier loss accrues or not, upon all new risks uuder the NEW 
YORK FORM OF POLICY, as follows: , 

1st. Upon all VOYAGE Risks upon CARGO, a return of TWENTY-FITB 

VKR CKNT. 

2d. Upon VOYAGE Risks upon FREIGHT, a return of TWENTY per cent. 
:UI Ui)on TIME Risks upon FREIGHT, and upon VOYAGE and TIME Risks 
ui)on JIULLS, a return of TEN per cknt. 

Such i)rivilegc, however, being confined to persons and firms, the aggregate of whose 
preniiiuns uj)on such policies earned and paid during the year, shall amount to the Bum of 
one hundred dollars. 

DIRECTORS. 

KDWAIU) ROWE, M. F. MPIRICK, MOSES MERICK, 

DANIKL W. LORD, WM B. OGDRV, DAVID J. ELY, 

(JKOIKJE MU.N. JOHN ARMSTRONG, JOSEl'H MORRISON, 

JOHN ATKINSON, B. C. MORRIS, WM. H. HOPHAM, 

THUS. A. C. COCHRANE, ANDREW J. RICH, B. C. MORRIS, Jr., 

WM. H. IIAUSEY, DANL W. TELLEIR, EZRA NYE, 

TH'K HAKUON, JOHN D. B.\TP5?. Jr., HENRY J. CAMMANN, 

Kol.AND (r. MrruHELI^ CHARLES HlCKoX, THOMAS LORD, 

ALUKRTG. LKE, RC)BKRT BOWNE. ROBERT 8. HOLT, 

(ilOIUiE V. DESIION, ' LAWRENCE MYERS, J. B. GRIFFIN. 

O L. M.MS, 8. N, DERRICK, 

THOS. LORD, Vice-President. B. C. MORRIS, Presidmt. 

WM. M. WHJTIXST] 2d Vice^reBideat and Beoretary. 



THE 

SANITARY COMMISSION 
BULLETIN. 



Vol. I. 



NEW YORK, JUNE 1, 1861. 



No. 15. 



CONTENTS. 

Page. 
Bepokts — 

A Fc-w Days amonfjsfc our Wounded 449 

Diary of a Koliof Agent on the Bappahan- 

noi'k 455 

General Banks's Army 458 

Operations at Belle Plain 461 

The Western Department 403 

Back Pay 465 

A Pri3oxe:i'3 Testimony 403 

COBBE.SPOXJ)ENCE — 

Letter from Dr. Hewitt 463 

Letter from Q. J. Abbott 404 

Newbern Waifs 40t 

A Cby fob Hklp 404 

Soldier's Gifts 405 

Saxitary Si:iEXCE Practically Applied 405 

The Hospital Directory 407 

The Sitoatios in the West 467 

Poetry— 

A Soldier's Tribute 470 

A Day in the Central Office 470 

Caxp Cookino 471 

Notes on Nursing 472 

The Sanitary Commission Buij^etin is pWiUshed 
ontfteJirM and JifteenOt, of eoery mouthy and as it 
has a circulalioay gratuitous or others of above 14,000 
copies^ U q^ers an unusually valuable medium for 
advertising. 

All conimunicalkms must he adtlressed to tlie Ed- 
itor, at the ojfice, 823 Broadway^ atvi must be au- 
IheiUicated by Vie names an/i addresses oftfie ujr iters. 

As the coittinuance of tlie publication of tfie Bul- 
urriN is uncerlain, depending ou tfiat of tJie war, 
awl on Uie resources of the U. S. Sanitary Com- 
mission — the Standing Committee feels a certain de- 
gree of reluctance to solicit subscriptions for it — and 
tkertby to pledge Vie Commission to its issue for a 
d^nite period. 

T?ie (Jommittee understand, howetier, Vtat some of 
their friewls to ichom it is now sent gratuitously, ex- 
press a wish to pay for it, and they Uierefore give 
notice that tJie sum of Uoo doUars, remitted to the 
Trtmsunr^ (G. T. Stbono, 63 Wall Street, or Xo, 
823 Broadfcay, New York,) mU secure its being sent 
to such cotUribulor during the remainder of the cur- 
rent ymir, tmlesf ite pubUcaJtton be sooner discon" 
tbmedL 
^^ YoL. L— No. 16. 29 



A FEW DAYS AMONGST OUR WOUNDED. 

New York, May 24, 1864. 
Dr. Foster Jenkins, General Stzrela y, 

U. S. Sanitary Commitsian: 

My Dear Sir — Pursuant to the request 
of the Stuuding Committee, I beg leave to 
present the following informal report (ne- 
cessarily imperfect from the haste with 
which it has been i)repared,) of the organ- 
ization and operations of the relief system 
of the Commission in N. E. Virginia since 
the opening of the i)resent campaign. 

I left New York on the afternoon of Tues- 
day, Miy 10th, for the purpose of making 
a personal examination of the working of 
the Commission for tue aid and relief of the 
wounded by the battles of the AVilderness 
and Spottsylvania. At AVashington, I 
learned that the wounded had collected in 
immense numbers at Fredericksburg, and 
were already being transi)orted to Belle 
Plain, on their way, by hospital transports, 
to Washington and Alexandria. Up to 
Sunday night, the 8th, everybody in 
Washington expected that the wounded 
would be sent to the rear via Ilai)i)aliannock 
Station and the Orange and Alexandria 
Kailroad, and to this end great preparations 
had been made by the Quartermaster's 
Department under advice from the Medical 
Bureau. Immense trains of cars, with a 
full corps of surgeons, were sent out to the 
Rappahannock Station on that day. 

There they waited until the next day, 
when, it having been ascertidned that the 
wounded were already in very large num- 
bers at Fredericksburg, the trains were 
ordered back to Alexandria. 

I make this introductory statement with 
some precision, since it furnishes a key to 
the diflbulties which attended the care of 
the woimded at Fredericksburg dniu\%\2bd^ 



450 



The Sanitary Cammiasum BvUetin. 



]i( riiiil from May 8th to Thursday, May 
VlWi. 

J 'rcdrricksburg is about ten miles from 
I?tlh« Plaiu, and as the railroad from Aquia 
Crork liad been thoroughly destroyed, the 
iimst direct and available access to the 
t liniisaiids of woundod already gathered at 
tin- f(»rni«'r place, ^('as via Potomac Creek 
and lii'Ile Plain Landing. The rebels had 
lon;^ a;;o dostr(\ved the wharves at Belle 
Plain, l»ut during the 8th and 9th of May, 
most vigorous efl'orts were made by the 
Quart einiaster's Department to prepare a 
ti'ii)i>oiary landing. To this landing, on 
Momlay and Tuesday, (iUh and lOth of 
M:iy.^ eanie a tleet of transi)orts conveying 
cudnaiHM' .stores, lighting rations, hosijital 
npi'liaiHTs, and means of shelter for the in- 
rdiiiiii^' wounded. The dock, a moat credit- 
able .'.tnii'tiire, ei»nsidering the time within 
whirl I it was built, but, perhaps, hardly 
h\Y\'v fiiuiigh for the demands made upon 
ilMCMp.M'ity, presented a fearful scene when 
I arn\ rd at I5(llo Plain on Wednesday after- 
nodii. 

I foil II I on(; of our su^jply barges, the 
KiniH'ily, at the dock, and Dr. Steiner 
dinrtiii/^ f In* opiTiitions of the Commission. 
|)mum IIh- ri;.cht-han«l side of the U-.shaped 
d«»rl. , iJohIv niovc'd a single lile of army 
wdfV'ii'i lilh'd with wounded men ; at the 
end »»r rorner of thti dock, by the gangway 
of a lar^^<* (lovernment transport, stood 
that iiio^t efllrient and admirable officer, 
1 1\ ( rj \ l« r, Acting Medical Inspector Gen- 
enil, I'. S. A., receiving the wounded, and 
MUf" nht'-nding their removal from the 
wa(V'"'» ^'* t'**' deck of th(5 trans2)ort, j)re- 
pfo.ifory to thr'ir transfer to the hospital 
f.tiiitii\K>ii\s that lay in the ofiing. After 
ijwli •.•..•i/7»n had deposited its living freight, 
if. j.fi ' d around the end of the dock to the 
h f t).;ifjd '.id^Miiid there took in ammunition 
or rif'litMif nitir»nH, the (;rder.. being im])cr- 
iifiv t'l nluin to the front only with full 
jo.id •. of fh#-.e indiHI)en^aMe sui)plies. 
i'li. •.ilnn/^ along the narrow margin of the 
ill,* U \'.t 14', rontiniious lines of men carry- 
II, If IjM- i;i and htretehers on which were 
i:ii' h of the more severely wounded as had 
b< ' II I amoved from the wagons at the 
////>///> /W ir/jts, on the hill-side above the 
///•//y. //our after hour, for fleveral days, was 
f ftmr/uJ praoeamon kept up. It would 



not be proper for mo to state how many 
thousands thus passed under Dr. Cuyler's 
insi)ection, but I cannot forbear mention- 
ing the most distinguished zeal, energy and 
self- devotion with which his arduous duties 
were performed. His administrative skill, 
his quick and ready humanity, his almost 
ubiquitous presence, his self-denying ex- 
posure to the pelting rain, while laboring 
to secure prompt shelter to the wounded, 
his night work and day work, his personal 
attentions to even the little wants and 
minor discomforts of each individual suf- 
ferer, were the subjects of unfversal admira- 
tion. Dr. Brinton, (Medical Purveyor of 
the Army of the Potomac,) was also there, 
working with vigor in the difficult under- 
taking of forwarding medical supplies 
to Fredericksburg. 

By the end of the pier lay the barge Ken- 
nedy, the storcboat and headquarters of the 
Commission. Here, as elsewhere, eveiy 
thing was astir. Gen. Abercrombie, com- 
mandant of the post, was making it his 
temporary headquarters. Out in the stream, 
amid a promiscuous collection of transports, 
lay the steand)oat Rapley, loaded with 
stores from the Wasliingtou storehouses of 
the Commission. Near her lay the barge 
Washington, with a load of army wagons 
and hoises for the Commission's service. 
After great difficulty, and the exercise of 
no little ingenuity, the stores from the 
Bapley were put ashore, half a mile up the 
creek in small boats, and the wagons loaded 
and sent to Fredericksburg. Capt. J. W. 
Clarke, of the Quartermaster's Department, 
and Cai)t. Lubey, 15th Regiment New York 
Engineer Corps, gave us most cheerful and 
essential aid in this work. Indeed, from 
all the officers at the post of the Commis- 
sion we received nothing but kind services 
and expressions of the heartiest good-will. 
Capt lins Pitkins and Lacey, of the Quar- 
termaster's Department, provided every 
facility in tlieir power, and from General 
Abercrombie and Colonel Cuyler, down, 
every body seemed to take pleasure in aid- 
ing us. From Monday the 9th, until this 
time, incessant exertions have been made 
by the officers of the Medical, Quarter- 
master's, Commissary's and Ordnance De- 
psxtmeiitS) to remove the wounded from 
ik^ leax oi \^^ %xm^ uA ic«i^\»xiiali tho 



The SanUary Commission BuUetin. 



451 



tndns for forward movements. No one at 
home can form any idea of the labors of the 
officers in these departments, day after day 
uid night after night, oftentimes living 
meanwhile on the scantiest subsistence, 
each as coffee and crackers, and these hur- 
riedly taken. We are oftentimes loud in 
ovr praises of military commanders for 
achieving victory, but seldom give due 
credit for the result to the quartermasters, 
who work with almost superhuman energy 
at some base of supplies, and on whose 
talent, energy and fertility in resources the 
very existence of the army depends. The 
agents of the U. S. Sanitary Commission 
formed no mean feature in this scene of 
energy and successful labor. Up to May 
2l8t, the Commission sent nearly 200 tons 
of sanitary stores, including stimulants, 
farinaceous food, beef stock, condensed 
milk, bandages, &c., from Belle Plain and 
Fredericksburg. It will be interesting to 
note the fact here, that the relief service of 
ttie Commission has involved, since Gen. 
Grant crossed the Bapidan, and Gen. But- 
ler went up the James River, the use of 
fonr steamboats, three barges and two 
schooners, for the transportation of its stores 
from Washington to Belle Plain, and from 
Baltimore to Norfolk, the latter being the 
Commission's base of supplies for Butler's 
army. 

At Belle Plain, in addition to a relief 
station on the barge by the wharf, the 
Commission has maintained a corps of re- 
lief agents at a feeding station near the 
hospital depot, providing food for thou- 
sands of weary and hungry men who arrive 
there in ambulances and wagons, and an- 
other at White Oak Church, half-way from 
Belle Plain to Fredericksburg, where hot 
coffee, soft crackers, and beef soup, have 
been issued to wounded and disabled men 
on their way to hospital, many of whom 
have not tasted food for hours. * 

The operations of the Commission at 
Belle Plain, including the movements of 
trains of supply wagons, have been con- 
ducted by Mr. F. N. Knapp, whose experi- 
ence in every branch of relief service has 
made his name the synonym for energy and 
beneficence wherever the Commission is 
known. 

Ai JP^^derickabmrg, the Commiasion^a 



work under the able direction of Dr. Doug- 
las, Chief Inspector, is three -fold: First, 
there is a large storehouse on Commercial 
Street, under the care of Mr. Johnson, from 
which, since the 9th of May, about 200 tons 
of sanitary stores have been issued to hospi- 
tals upon the requisitions of surgeons. 
Secondly, a corps of relief agents number- 
ing from 160 to 225, under the leadership 
of Mr. Fay, divided into squads and as- 
signed to the various division hospitals. 
These relief agents report the wants of the 
hospitals to Mr. Fay, perform the duties of 
nurses, and seize every opportunity to 
minister to the complicated and various ne- 
cessities of the wounded, as indicated by 
the advice or orders of the surgeons in 
charge of them. Thirdly, special diet kitch- 
ens under the administration of Miss Wool- 
sey, Mrs. Gen. Barlow and Miss Gilson, while 
Mrs. Gibbons and daughter and Mrs. Hus- 
band, lend their expert services to the hos- 
pitals. The special diet kitchens are tents 
with ample cooking arrangements, pitched 
on the roads from the front to Fredericks- 
burg or Belle Plain. From these, soup, 
coflTee, stimulants, soft bread and other food 
are issued to thousands of passing wounded. 
With the army, seven four horse wagons 
carrying food, stimulants, underclothing 
and surgical dressings, constantly move 
under the direction of Dr. Steiner, the 
Commission Inspector for the Army of the 
Potomac, and Mr. Johnson, whose services 
at Gettysburg, and now at Fredericksburg, 
form a bright record in the special relief 
work of the Commission. I should say 
here that these wagons moved with the 
army from Brandy Station, dispensing 
stores during the battles of the Wilderness, 
and then, passing with the wounded to 
Fredericksburg, went on to Belle Plain to 
re-load. 

The Commission has now forty odd four- 
horse wagons of its own, carrying sanitary 
stores from Belle Plain to Fredericksburg. 
On Monday, May 23d, thirty-one of these 
wagons, carrying nearly forty thousand 
pounds of sanitary stores went in one train 
from Belle Plain to Fredericksburg. On 
the same day, our steamboat, the Bapley, 
in charge of Mr. Anderson^ mib. 1\!l^ V3(vt%<^ 
Kennedy in tow, cleared Itom ^^^ ^^»Mi. 
and 'went up \iie 'B«p^«^«Misy3«!L Vi %^^ 



452 



Hie Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



stiil liioro largely to our sui)i)liLa. Our 
work then for the sick nnd wouuded of 
tho army of Oeiu'ral Meade luay be 
sum mod np, brii tly, uh follows : Two 
steaiiiboatH and two barj^oK for coiivtyiD^r 
j?anitary sti.tres from Wusliiiiglon to lii-lle | 
Plain; forty-font four-horse wagons for con- 
veying siinitaiy btori-s frum Lclle Plain to 
Fredtrickhburg and the front; over two 
hundr(;d tons of fianit.My stores hcnt to 
Belle IMain and Fredericksburg; over 200 
traini d relief agents lending their best ener- 
gies to tho hos])ital8 and leeding stations. 
The outlay for the m(>nth of May, so far, 
hius lu;en over one hundred thon^and dol- 
lars fur the Army of the Potomac alone. 
You will r« nn mber that all the>e oi>erfttions i 
are in additii)n to what is being done by 
the C'omniission at Washington, for (Jcn- 
eral Slierman's army, and at New Orleans 
and on the lied lliver. 

I slniuld say, that at Fredericksburg tho 
medieal afi'airs were under the abh; mannge- 
ment of Dr. Dalton, Medical l-)irector, 
wljih' huge numbers of medical men from 
Boston, New York, I'hiladelidiia and elte- 
whero, serve d <lay and night in the hospi- 
tsils, aiding those devoted men, the aimy 
surgeons, in their exhaustive and most se- 
rious and self-denying duties. Who can 
:,um up th(» value of the services of the 
army surgeons V Who can describe in be- 
(M»miiig i»hras(s u tithe of what they do for 
lliethuusiindsof sull'eringmen thrown upon 
till ir eareand skill by the fearful casualties 
of an active camjiaign. I never witncbS 
their conduct witln)ut a sense of the i)ro- 
loundest admiration and a renewed convic- 
tion tliat the best W(uk of our Commission 
is tliat by which we endeavor, even in an 
liumbh; way, to strengthen their hands by 
supplementary assistance. 

►Sincerely \ours, 

C. R. AONEW. 

U. S. SaMTAUY CliMMIKSlDN, ) 

IJiiLi.r. I'LALN, -V-iy lo, 18»'.4. | 

My Dkau Dn. Jf.nkins-I cannot con- 
dense williin the limits of such u note as 
can b»> written now, an account of tho 
operati(»ns of tlie (.'(uuinifsion at tli.'sp unt. 
You kn»)W the nlatiiuis of Belle Plain land- 
'y/A" /r> i'Vedericksburg; it is. in brief, that 
tH tiinporary huso. The fearful accmmi- \ 
/ation of our wounded at Frudorieksburg ^ 



made it imperative to open communicationB 
again with sources of &up])ly, and this point 
was selected. A temporary pier, in the 
form of a U, was hastily constructed on 
Monday, at the terminus of the Fredericks- 
burg wagon roud. Over this pier and road 
a mingled crowd of army wagons and am- 
bidauees, stragglers and walking wounded, 
has i)us8ed since Monday last, forming a 
spectacle beyond de8cri])tion. We are 
using every hand and heart to their utmost 
I>ower to meet our responsibilities to the 
wounded. We have used, in the trans- 
portation of our sanitary stores, two steam- 
boats and two barges. The Bapley, a fast 
steamboat, of about 150 tons, is plying con- 
stantly between Belle Plain landing and 
Washington. She is cbtirtered to convey 
stores by us, and carries not only stores, 
but constant additions to our Field Relief 
Corps. We have over two hundred active 
and able men in this corps, who give them- 
selves night and day to the work of feeding 
the wounded, both at Fredericksburg and 
at Belle Plain lauding. 

The docrk space hero is so inadequate, 
that tho landing of our stores has been a 
work fraught with immense difficulty. This 
difliculty is increased by the character of 
the ground near the base of the pier. Wag- 
ons cannot turn, except on the dock, and 
even then they must move in a continuous 
single line around the fx. O^ing to this 
l)eeuliarity, there was on Wednesday a 
**jam*' of wagons, loaded with wounded, 
all along the road from the landing to 
Fredericksburg, a distance of eight or ten 
miles. These wagons bring in wounded 
and carry out ordnance stores and fighting 
rations. During this jam, and, indeed, 
ever since, we have been compelled to con- 
vey our stores in smaU boats up Potomac 
Creek a considerable distance, to a point 
on the Bhore where the wagons can get 
aerovs, and thus escape, to as great a degree 
as possible, the stagnation and confusion of 
the landing. 

A barge arrived on Thursday with four 
additional four- horse wagons and eighteen 
horses, in addition to our previous stock of 
twelve wagons and forty -eight horses. It 
was necessaiy to put these wagons over- 
VtoateV, Q.\ul obtain a gang of twenty colored 
men to Ojcoi^g \Ni<&ia «a^ox^ \a «^ v^^nt from. 



The Sanitary Commission BvUetin^ 



453 



which the horses could haul them. Capt. 
J. W. Clark, a nohle specimen of the Quar- 
termaster's Department, gave every facility 
and furnished the gang of men. 

Just as this work was done, the Baplpy 
came down with a load of stores, and, not 
being able to get to the pier, discharged 
into pontoon boats, furnished by Captain 
Timothy Lubey, 15th R giment N. Y. En- 
gineer Corps, aided by a gang of laborers 
famished by Captain Clark. 

It has required constant ingenuity and 
forethoDght to surmount these and similar 
difficulties; and yet we have sent thirty 
four-horse wagon loads of condensed milk, 
beef stock, woolen clothing, stimulants, 
crackers, &c., &c., to Fredericksburg, over 
a most horrid road. 

By a rough estimate, I suppose the 
amount of sanitary stores sent forward since 
Tuesday to be about 35,000 pounds. To-day 
we have sent for six additional four- horse 
wagons and twenty- four horses, so that our 
train will consist of about twenty-two wag- 
ons and nearly one hundred hoi-ses. 

We have a stationary barge here at the 
landing ; a large feeding station also, 
where thousands of men have received cof- 
fee, or punch, or crackers; and a special 
relief corps, consisting of students from 
Princ<»ton and Union Theological Semina- 
ries, and the Episcopal Seminary of New 
York, with otliers from Boston, New York, 
Washington, Ac. , &c. This relief corijs is 
mainly operating at Fredericksburg, under 
Mr. Fay; say about 130 at Fredericksburg, 
and the balance at the feeding station here. 
I give these numbers in round terms, as 
the roster is not at hand at this moment. 
My figures will not vary half a dozen from 
the actual number, and I have endeavored 
to under- state rather than over-state. We 
are endeavoring to gain upon the demands 
at Fredericksburg, but as yet the calls are 
fearfully beseeching and exhaustive. Ten 
wagon loads of stores, sent on Wednesday 
to Fredericksburg, were issued in less than 
four hours. This will serve to show the 
demand. I go to Fredericksburg to day, 
not having been able to move from this 
point since my arrival on Wednesday. Dr. 
Bteiner, our Chief Inspector for the Army 
of the Potomac, has been here, hard at work, 
ainoe Tuesday; and Mr. Knapp takes charge, 



from to-day, of the whole scheme of special 
relief and supply work. I cannot now say 
more; but must, before I close, say just one 
word concerning that noble, self-sacrificing 
man. Col. Cuyler, M. D., U. S. A., who has 
conducted all the operations for the removal 
of the wounded by the hospital transports. 
I should fail in any attempt to describe his 
services. Day and night he has worked, 
not only in directing the movements, but 
in dressing wounds and giving personal 
and ingenious attention to the comfort and 
safety of the pressing crowd of the weary, 
wounded and exhanitod. Dr. Cuyler is ably 
assisted by Dr. Thurston, Staff Surgeon. 

But not a moment remains to re read this 
or add more. Still the clatter, and rush, 
and confusion continue, and 1 wonder how 
I have managed to write even as much as 
this. Love to the brethren. 

Yours affectionately, 

C. li. AONEW. 

N. B. — I must say further, that our barge 
lies next to that of the Medical Purveyor; 
the old fljig is flying, and we constitute a 
general intelligence office and mail agency. 
Yesterday a bushel and a half of letters 
were deposited in our box by the soldiers 
for those at home. We send off one mail a 
day, and pay for such soldiers* letters as 
are not prepaid. Gen. Abercrombie, the 
commandant of the post, made our barge 
his headquarters for twenty-four hours, and 
we have furnished tents for the quarters of 
several of the principal officers forming the 
military establishment at the landing. Our 
agent is out taking names at Fredericks- 
burg for the Ho?»pital Directory. 

Yours, C. R. A. 

Dr. Sfceiner writes, May 23d: 

We are now twenty-five miles from Rich- 
mond; have been in the saddle every day 
since we left, living as best wo can on the 
army ratit)ns and such few articles as could 
be picked up on the road. We are now 
halted at Carmel Hill Church, and expect 
to cross the North Anna River this after- 
noon. 

Dr. Stevens reported yesterday, and was 
ordered to follow Abbott, in the 9th Corps, 
to turn over his wagon to him and then to 
devote himacU to \vv^apevi\v^\i\3k&vci«a& vcLSioft 
0th Corps and ^kalft^e^t o\-\xat ^^or^^^TssSi^fiQ^ 



454 



The Sanitai^j Commission Bvlletin. 



1)«> noxt him. Thus far I have kept with 
the 5th Corjis. Harris Laviug horn dctnikd 
on otlior duty, I have boon doiirivi'd of 
my ordinuiy assistant in keeping np thc^ 
oommunii-ation. I am, hovcvcr, Baiis-fied 
that the 1^ ork is b ing well done. 

3 o'clock, P. Iff. — I have jn.st com down 
to th(j North Anna; th aimy is just cross- 
iug. No <»ppobitiou has bet-n ofi'ered. The 
light is e^lJ^•et d to take place somewhere 
about Hanover Court House. 

() o'clock; P. M. — The rtbels liavt* made 
their jiijpeurnnce in the woods, and have at- 
tacked our trooi)s hanil>' in line of battle, 
with p'lat vipur and hpitefulness. Happen- 
ing U) be within ten feet of the rear of the 
line of battle when theniUKketrjope ed, Mr. 
M:irsh and had a si)lendid oi>portunity of 
ht^iiriiij^ A. P. Hill's bullets and shells. We 
didn't avail ours«.-lv s of the privilege for a 
V( ry loiipr tinie,but beat a retreat to the river, 
rf-cn»ssed, and reached the ho.^]»itals of the 
(•or}>s, which had just beiMi e>tal)lished by 
the medical olHcers. The lesult of the bat- 
tle of North Anna was the frustration of the 
rebel design of destroying one of our corps, 
our driving tiieni about a niile from their 
Held (»f bj^ttlr, leaving two hundred and 
twenly-fuur wounded aud a few killed, and 
talwing about three liun<lred prisoners. 
This morning the rebels have disai>iieared. 

The ('th (!orps crossed last night to sui)- 
p(»rt the 0th— oi/r coyjt.'i^ as I now call it. 
Hancock crossed somewheu? below yester- 
day, Mnd judging from the booming of can- 
non all the morning, he must now be en- 
gaged with the enemy. The tiring has been 
incesisant for some hours. 

Tiie mxt light, unless this oi)eratiou of 
Haneoek's brings it on to-day, will take 
place lit Hanover C(Uirt House. 

Till' work from here on is likely to hv ter- 
rific. 

Only be prepared for the new V)as(\ You 
don't know how grateful a thing it was to 
me to see jilmo.st evcTy needy in the hosi>i- 
tals of the .">tli Cor]>s su])plied with our 
shirts. G ive us large supi)ht?s from the new 
base. I shall need Freeman for my own use. 

Mr. I^farsh is now taking the names of 
the wounded at the battle of Ni^rth Anna. 

Our clothing left by the wagons in the 
J^^th Cori)s Hospital in doing splendid duty 
now. 



The New York Times correspondent says, 
writing from Port Boyal, May 28: 

The wounded began to arrive on Wednes- 
day evening, and as good luck or good 
management would have il, two steamers, 
two barges, a schooner, and a tng boat, all 
heavily with the stores of the United States 
Siinitary Commission, got here in advance, 
and more than n hundred willing men and 
women were ready to administer to the 
comfort of the suffering, who were faint 
and exhausted by u long ride of twenty or 
thirty miles from the front, some in ambu- 
lances, but more in the springless army 
wagons. Every wounded man was kindly 
cared for, and the good work has been kept 
up night and day, until now it is announc- 
ed that all those wounded up to yesterday 
have been sent here, and that probably no 
others will come to this point. The men 
have been mainly left in the vehicles, nntil 
sent on board the arriving boats, to be car- 
ried direct to Washington. The Sanitary 
Relief Corps have gone from wagon to 
wagon cany ing cofl'ee, beef tea, farina, 
milk punch, kc, and giving out crutches, 
and aD'ording other relief as needed. I 
estimate the uuml>er of wounded arriving 
hen^ at alK)ut 2.00(). As I said of both Belle 
I'lain and Fredericksburg, I sav here, thai 
the relief and comfort affomed to the 
sick aiul wounded at this point alone have 
abundantly repaid all the eiforts ever made 
to put funds into tlie treasury of the Sani- 
tary Commission. I doubt not that hun- 
dreds of lives have been saved. If any 
others arrive, there are now complete bos- 
liital boats ready to receive them; and at 
least part of the Sanitary Commission forces 
and su])plies will soon move to another 
point, (where you will announce in due 
time, if not pro^jer now.) 
*♦*«♦♦ 
All seem cheerful and confident of suc- 
cess; even the wounded express unbound- 
<'d ct)nfidence. Every inch of ground 
gained by our troops /onrrm/, whether for 
strategical or other puq)ose8 on the part 
of tlu; army, gives cimfidenco to the men. 
The next lield of oi)ei-tttions for the Sani- 
tary Commission will probably bo well to- 
ward Ki(.^hmond. The present volunteer 
force have worked unceasingly night and 
day for tiiree weeks, and many of them will 
continue in the tield as long as po.ssible. 
The present ex]K'nditures of the Commis- 
sion are on a vast scale, the managers 
deeming it their duty to spore no ex]K^use 
to give the most prompt and etBcieut re- 
lief to every wounded mau over the vast 
Held now covered by our extensive military 
operations. Everybody connected with 
the Cuuinissiim is, I know, too busy to stop 
to render any account of their stewardship 
^ust ivow. Tiio Koldiei-s and the country 
\f\Il o^'Q XVieiiv ^ %t«^\. ^ea^. v)l gratitude for 



The Sanitary Commisaitm BvUetin. 



455 



the earnestness and fidelity with which 
they are executing their heaven-bom trust. 
Below I send you a list of soldiers buried 
at Port Royal. They are all buried in one 
spot, and their graves are numbered in the 
order that I have numbered the names 
below. 

I. 8. v. Bfartin, Co. I. 87th Penn.-^ied Ma^ 25. 

3. Morris Ummiu, Battery M, Tth N. Y. ArtiUory— died 
XaySS. 

Z. Junes Fcrrell. Co. C, IWth N. Y.— died May 26. 

4 Serg'tG. Pritchard, Co. D, 143d Pcuu. Vols. -died 
Kay 25. 

5. Henry C. Memeas, Co. C, 12th Ky., 2d Bat. U. 8. In- 
fluitr}-— died May 26. 

6. Michael Drew. Co. C, 9l8t Penn. Vols., of Bichmond, 
FeQn.-dicKlMayi6. 

7. B. Mt-rithau, (let 8erg't)Co. 1, 4th Me.— died May 26. 

8. Henry W. Toyo, Co. A, 16th Penn. Cav., Venango 
County, Penn.— died May 26. 

9. John llannum, Co. D, Ist N. Y. Artillery— died 
Kay 26. 

10. Capt. Henry W. Davis, Ist N. Y., Battery E-dlod 
Kay 27. 

II. Alexander I>e Forrest, 10th Mass.— died May 27. 

12. Unknown, 9th Mass. Vols., (residence, Maiden)- 
died May 27. 

13. Thomas B. Story, Co. H, 102d Penn. Vols.— died 
May 27. 

14. A. P. Matton, Co. C, 105th Penn. Vols.— died May 27. 

15. Joseph Vaughn, Co. E, 61st Penn. Vols.— died 
Kay 27. 

16. Unknown, anchor and shield on left arm in India 
Ink— died May 27. 

17. Unknown, 7th Loyal Virginia Vols.— died May 27. 

18. James Grace, 63<l X. Y.— diod May 27. 

19 O. Lewis Franklin, Co. F, 7th K. I. Vols.— died 
Kay 27. 

20. Unknown— probably of Howlyton, Broome County, 
H. y.— died May 27. 

9L Unknown. 

22. Unknown. 

S3. Unknown. 

The above were on their way home, and 
died before or after arriviiii^ at Port Royul. 
They were buried by the Sauitary Cjmmis- 
fiion Corp.s, with religious services at tJie 
graves. The grave.s are neatly rounded 
up, with head -boards having the above 
markings. A beautiful large bouquet of 
fresh llowers was planted upon the head of 
each grave, and the whole left in the charge 
of George Smith, a good old colored man 
residing near, who promised to do all he 
would be allowed to to keep the graves iu- 
▼iolate and in order. A more interesting 
spot, and a more affecting interment I 
never witnessed. There, at least, is ** sa- 
cred soil." 

The following list of the principal arti- 
cles carried to Port Royal hy the United 
States Sanitary Commis.sion on Wednesday 
evening, Miy 26, will show what is being 
done with the ** funds," and what the Field 
Relief Corps have to work with among the 
sick and wounded: 



425bcdiick!«. 

205 blankets. 

6SW c<'Min»i> combs. 

120 fine coiubrf. 

132 medicine cups. 

80 pieces ini:>:»;iuito net 

831 pilIowi4. 

650 i>Ulow ticks. 

SIO towels. 

3,321) tin cnps. 

«60 tin platcB. 

S60 tin baitins. 

115 tin bu«:kct8. 

Ml tin BpHtoonM. 



145 tin dippers, 
llo mutresso8. 
148 can lU'stioks. 
4;>4 kaivra an I forks. 
112 wuodtMi pailu. 
90 tttretilierit. 
5;) «:;ino!4. 

H3U crutches. 

bales oakum. 
iV2 urinalrt. 
1C\\ chambom. 
I'M bed-pans. 
./Jjipittuuus. 
/Ji apit caps. 



1,000 feet lumber. 

60 barrels cabbi^o or curry. 

218 barrels saurkraut. 

6,676 cans tomatoes. 

443 pounds butter. 

455 pounds cheese. 

24 barrels potatoes. 

10 cases smoking tobacco. 

2 boxes pipes. 

702 pounds tamarinds. 

168 lanterns. 

671 woolen drawers. 

874 canton flannel drawers. 

67 pants. 

1.762 handkerchiefs. 

3,781 woolen shirts. 

21M) canton shirts. 

2U6 hospital shirts. 

84 blouses. 

492 shoes. 

12 pairs low boots. 

640 slipperH. 

2,470 woolen socks. 

313 wrappers of cotton. 

4,032 cans condensed milk. 

1.728 cans beet 

336 cans meats. 

72 cans mutton. 

628 cans poultry. 

60 pounds extra coffee. 



3.132 pounds chocolate. 
80 pounds dried apples. 
326 gallons pickles. 
28 boxes com starch. 
8 barrels white sugar. 
8 barrels brown sugar. 
6 chests tea. 
132 bottles vinegar. 
720 botUes brandy. 
600 bottles wine. 
1.3<J0 botUes whisky. 
47 *i barrels porter. 
120 bottles alcohol. 
108 bottles Jamaica rum. 
108 bottles bay rum. 
102 bottles cologne 
1,000 pills caniph. ot opiL 
36 pounds chloroform. 
160 pounds candles. 
402 palm fans. 
15 barrels bandages. 

13 barrels old linen. 
Splints. 

15.500 envelopes. 
31 ^i reams paper. 
157 dozen pen holders. 

14 gross pens. 
168 bottles ink, 

300 new newspapers. 



A dispatch to the Associated Press from 
Washington, May 31, says: 

The Sanitary Commission's steamer John 
R. Thompson, left Baltimore last evening 
with sauitary stores, (her second load,) 
bound for Bermuda Hundred, where she 
has been sttitioncd for the past fortnight. 

The propeller Elizabeth, one of the Bal- 
timore and Philadelphia line, has also been 
chartered by the Sauitary Commissicm, and 
was last night loaded with som-i fo.-ty tons 
of ice and eii^hty tons of assorted sanitary 
stores, and dispatched to the Jam ^s Uiver, 
The Thompson and Elizabeth each carried 
its corps of relief agents. Three other boats 
in the employ of the Sanitary Commission 
laft the mouth of the Rappahannock at 
daylight yesterday morning, for the new 
base of the Army of the Potomac. 



DIARY OF A RELIEF AGENT ON THE 
RAPPAHANNOCK. 

Beixk Plain. Va., May 23, 1864. 

It was impossible to get a clearance 
and away before 9 A. M. I spent the 
morning in writing orders and digesting 
plans. On arrival at Aquia Creek, found 
every indication of an early, if not imme- 
diate relincpiishment of that point. Mr. 
Clampitt had gone to Fredericksburg to 
come down with a train of wounded, and I 
was unable to see him; but left Mr. Wood 
and Chaplain Conwellwith **Mac," to take 
care of matters. Arriving at this place, 
was greatly i)orplexed by finding that the 
tug which towed down the Hoboken was a 
Government one, and had gone oflF on Gov- 
ernment business. Further, that nothing 
would be left here at 10 A. M., Tuesday. 
The Washington, Hoboken, and Kennedy, 
with all our stores and employees, would, 
if I ioVloweOL \o\\t \us\.T\\ci\i\Q\i'^,\i^\AS.^^ff>SiE^'- 
out any cetXiinX^ ol T«mni^i5L\ «a.^ "Oass^sS^ 



456 The Sniifanj Commission Bftllcitn. 



I (•;■!:..• 'iv j. , 1 tlir in crs.-iiy Inr im.Oiin.i^ ' tmt ](»:tiii'il to (Ji-uiTiil Aln ivrDUiMo. nud 

{•II. V . ;:i \ ;. w «■!' tlir pn»li;,l>il:t v tiji! thf (»1H' tti tlir tcl« '.rnpli (-iMiatiUs. A> Mr. 

Ki 1.; ■■ 1.1 1..' ;,t I'tirt Ki.v:il lu Tiii-s«l.iy Yv'illianis Imd t-pulirii to the Cirin ral, I did 

(V u. ■/. ;i! .1 in vii \v (it tl;*' hii'Xjh rt( «l not tlr.iik it suUisaMr to luitln-r liiui :i'-r::in. 

st;i;- ... .!ii' ;.- Ii- ic, I ji-.vTiimil till- it-jii'ii- Li-.-jviii*/ WhitttlMV iiinl J''n*iiijm iurli.ir^e 

hii i.,; . «■: ) r..\:ii:ii^^ im-tln' li:iru'«-s :ilnt tlu' oi tlir Kriiin »ly, to;;rtlirr Willi ^Irs Sl'rli- 

jiL. I.' v.i.ii l!;.\i- \\i iKr.l -n i;iin:.rilly. i'« iir- rt-r'.N null niid our own lji]ion'r>. ?ilr. V\'il- 

ful ii : • :.«.-is|:ii,'-(' in ]'i Wii^liiii'.-ii'n nii>.hr li;;nM tonk al»o:inl liis rori)>, and \\i- riiii np 

ai-jivc t.'j l.iti. ;■«; y(»:i did net l.imw 1 lie tlu'Atinia. 1 had Im'cii inl(»rnifd l»y Cajitain 

rh;.!- -• V, ifjiiL. Ill i:i iwi Ivr Ijk.ii-.^. Ciail; lliat n«ithin^was >iiU' tlu-i*' lnn;r. jmd 
1> ..i. nti:!i>|!- ti» liiid ('a)itain Vilkin, £ i was in the act (»f ]ndlin^ down CManipilt's 

(•c.iiN::::.d ';; :. .-.'.•■.lant in irii n nee to l<,w- tt-nts, wlu-n I In-aid y(»u a^'l.in^'" «in«'>t.ii»in* 

iiiLi- ■ !i. !; ■ s io a Mi!"i- ]»lar»'. wlicir yni about it. Clanipitt was jmt al»oaid your 

c-niil'l j i. !, tl.ria lip: luit. ]ii>t. 1m- ruiddii't tiiiLT, (J'»v«viinr C'urtin, Alter \om h-tt, wo 

1» Ii . ;.■ a .'^:;i«* ['\in'i' Was; siifi.il. (!• \- wnv d«-i:iiiM'd sojuc liiti" l»y a ])ii-i*i> (if «ild 

III I. <•• ' l-:..! \iu']r than n-rior il> t«-\\>; }»ili' whirli j:ot jannin-d iM-twi-cn tlu- arms 

in.'l. t. .d. v»i- i..i.!:t Lave t«i]ii;dil. All* r- «►! tin- ]»«)rt wlnrl au«l tl.f hull; aii'l, a>% we 

w; j.i .:.M.:i r C'.q'l.iiii I'ilLin. 1. •■;:«!..»! nir l.iV w ithin hailinj,' ili-tann'. win'^M'lltd at 

al "i;' «• .!- I .1 ■■ -i. :iiid >ai«l In- w;!ii:i il ••n- . hy M»ni«' hndy. to the cliri'L that lii'li*t»n 

liKl ■■ '.•\i-'\ (..i.i- hi-r «'!1 iM'.r li:iiiil -, a- liis Ininiliid wnundid would t-onn* dnwn l»y 

n- .• ' v.. 1. 1 lit i.-r a t« w «ia\ -. I p- vailroail, and would um-iI I'l'i-iiiivr. Ti ariii^ 

(pn.-; t. ; . i-4(»l ihiioan ot il;i \\. i:- i]i;ii tlu n- mitdit hi- a^. many thoiiMHids nt 

in.' ! .; .: a^ !:.• \»i.-'i.»«i i;. ;.!.d ii ].<■ I'liil Kii\al awaiiin;: n;>. and Jravii.M: hecn 
Wi. '1: • 111 ;;':{. III. t n-.« n. ali-ai.!. j: It «'t' tnld hy tile siiivt*«»n that th« y M«n' iii't suf- 
tli- '!' ■ ; 1 ]M.;:.- s.t lil> di-|'«-:d. -MMii-dl 1. ri MLT ill t lie ^li/^litest. Sis yiHi r.-ijiendu r, I 
tL;.' ■!;■■ v.y to t.du! Til t'»w ;.il \uur repiii d that ynu wi»uld h.j haek in an Inmr 
h:]..' ' ' I'.:. JliiMil tt)r \ou," w;.s Ihi' mi tiit- tiij:; that oiir " sni.ili i>sne" liarge 
rej:y. I ;':,.:. ;• . !,]i;.' tf .■• i: v, a> ti-.e Im st, . v.as at II; Ih- Vlain, and that ynu wnuhl jjet 
tli"- : " *.e i;i. ;.- i.nt ]^^■t d nil ll:i' l;!i:.re> at tlielu ev« ly tliiniT they eould ])<is.>ihly net-d. 
l'«-.-: \' ■;.!. h.-iiii' d I vi r th' \V:i>iiiii;4t<u So >i.un a ■ tin- wheel was i-h-Mi d, we .Meam- 
:iiiil 1!.'" I;.n. 'I'lii- Kjpley laid alitady « d otV l"or th • head of Kettle JJottoni SuouN, 
tnwil ;; , lii.'.xil;. [i nut l»i \«»i:d tin' i,'Mn- aiiil tiid to a .-chooner, it beinj,^ inij>o.»ihlc 
hd.it,-. : ::.i v.:- ii.:ii,in;c lor the n]'|M r V. |;;i rf {ny ns to iia-'S tin- shoals at nJLiht. Several 
al'l.r.i- '.,: ' ■. •■(.111. win M CiiiU'ln rnkiu har:re-. wi n- tJn re.and hv I'io'eli-ek all h::nds 
Old.-. ! ;■ I:;!!.- t'l;.' t'P ei i;nr' 1 ni :id uiy wert- asleej). .Mi-. Wilhainsand J r-pint the 
< ith V. \ '. '.1 :]]>■ lillj.- tiiu vail ly >i|m><.-- d evi-niuir in diseussin.LT our work and ili^vst- 
il «■■.. ; ; .= ' ly - ii....;i;..^ ,.ii" ii-. ..i:i.,l iiitli' in«: <h'tails. W'r have twenty six Sanitary 
wi- •. ; ;i ,ij;:i;. ii .;!:!<' :.i.<l J.- ii iiMa^.' i u- ('nninii'- -ii lU ]»ei»ple -.ihoard. aud t w eiity-one 
a^ ■■ • ■ i-. In th- nje:.n tiiin-. ('.ii-laiii of a cn-w. It i> liard to tell whii-ii party 
I! ; - : ■.■:l.al.d ;:«•.« j't.d .11 :'p[»i'ilii- h:i< heili Wurk'tl t he hai dest ; ainl the ** hu- 
ni. :.' : . .;i!» ndiiit «•; !. :..i tiMi;:-) « i:a- niau tMym di'.iiie" may he seiu sprawled, 
ti •■ . i 1 M ii li;i:i in l;;'.l el::ii'_i- «)i' ilie kinittid. and almost danj^lin^' on i:i.d liom 
ti;:.. . ■ I'.." li;- hiiii hi ::pi ..:i,{ Mieji d' chs. I'i'\'s, hales of .straw, :-i:d ^ruards. 
i.- . : ■ . ;.:..! • -;;.lili..'i : ;.«li h; lil-.t!. I:-. 'liny in 'd it. ]'o(ir fellows, for tiny have 
11"^ ii . .. u- • I e\,«-oiiiii. 1; v.i'l !.•• his A\orke'l ; lorimi-ly. It woultln't have been 
duty;.. ;.;..■ • ; p|.jii^ rr< 111 t' •• wat'i- I;; e. a r< in ii liable r uvprise to liav<- s« i-ii somo 
ami t . !-:v..-iil tlnm to .-m !i pi-int. or body a^h-ep on top of the snmkt- s-laek. 
]Kii.t-. : i;;.]\ i,.' eonveiiieiitl\ i.;.i-l;i.i by Formes*!!. 1 sueeiided in ^'ainiu^T a .sky- 
tin- .\.. : ';iy M.d lleli- f ('oil • ^'^^ ^^" li.Liht for a pillow. The cabin wa> snrren- 
jxii'-i ij .i; !.!• train of twt i.'y-j i-.iit, I ih rid to Mrs. Spi m-.-r. To-day, Tn< ."day, 
thii !.. v.;-o..- \\:i.^ r,;idy to ^'lii.■ wi'lii-iip- ■^[i«y HI, we pit I'way at !.o<l; at I, had 
pii^- I' i" 1 r. "i. riel.-biipr; al-^o. ;]iii! thru' J*oi'n1 I.-.okour abeam": and now. :j 1*. M., 
hoi.i ; !; ! i\vo w;i^'iiii- W( ii- nii.ibl.- to Ntand ar»- he:idiii^ for the lJaj>j»ahannoek. I'or- 
tln- ti/. : .1'. '. . M ly lhii:;:al l.i • i;.mt> w::s tun.it«ly I'ne bay is eoiaparativi ly smooth, 
ruin\(.'. - \'i 1 t M-Mii- w;it«-r e;!-;,... L j-.jii ' tho;ii.h there are n.me pale faeis, and we 
Ul» Wii 1 ; ! I [[ pliv to t: I.e tin* V. .i; • lis nhd are niakil ^^ :i •.'ond run. 

ln»iM. .i;!..:.!!]; 1 lit liinlii.f C ';.]ilaiii S: 1 ;elv- J hasi- apjiointed ^Ir. AVilliams. (leneral 

land. <; :: ; I. :l,:i-?( r. i;i ehaljri , li'I' wln-ni Su]»eriliti inlelit of the Work »»f the San- 

('a]i .in rill.iii hj.d ]n"r:nt d the \Vii-l.ii.:r- itaiy ( 'oUMni^.-ijui, at tin- water basi» on 

ton 11. 1.1 ::i.-, i..i !• .jrnin;: tiia! h- w;:> V, mi- tin- Kip]':ih;Lnnoek, ami ^Ir. Thompson, 

in^' >tt.. :. to \\;.-,l.in;.'ioii. r, ipn-tnl him to Su]'. liiiitinhnt of Spi-ei.d Jbli.'f at the 

taki- lii.- ;il- le:. wliieli hi- ]»ii.mp;ly ;.Liit d wati-r b:ise- de'>ii^'iiin'-C in ease ^Ir. Fay 

toil... I'.i.- i.i.-l lo;id «»f I'lil- iroin li::nis sin-uhl b.- with Us tlnri', ti> phn-e Mr. T. 

C.'alip Vv:-^ bi-..;.^lit :iiio;ird the ll:i}iity by uinlel' hi-. ordel'N. ami HI e.ise he should 

Mr. \\i:;:hlsey. in the smtoi b«.at (Ji.inl;i, not. to h.i\,- ."\lr.T. snjur\i>e. and lie ve- 
nwl \n- ],!!}}, ,i t\,i- ihr htWK V wharf. J:\eiy . sii«.:i^iblr lor tlie feedii.jr i>f tin* wtmnded. 

tJjJijg^ hud bvcn ^'utU'ii aboard, except the lle/\^ vA\V\vo\vz.viCV Vo vvYV^NUvt such O-Sbiatuiits 



TTie Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



457 



and Rocnre such aid as may be found neces- 
I ary ; and will be kept near at Land to us, 
reatly for emergencies. He Las selected 
niuetren of tlio force abroad, eleven io aid 
with himself, and the rest to be with Mrs. 
Spencer, who is under his charge. My 
plan is to divide the work into appropriate 
departments — place a reliable man at the 
bead of each, and while giving him every 
facility possible, yet hold him responsible 
for the work. Accordingly, Mr. T. is di- 
rected to be able to detail at any moment, 
a captain, who can break in new men, and 
run a new squad. He is also directinl to 
report semi- weekly all the facts and inci- 
dents of his d«*partment. He estimates 
that he fed 22,000 at Belle Plain. I have 
requested him to write up a report of that 
"work. I shall, so far as possible, secure 
full reports from the various agents, in 
order that you may know what we are 
about. 

About 4.30 P.M., we rounded the guard- 
ship at the mouth of the Rnppahaunoek, 
and were ordered to anchor and await a 
convoy. The Medical Purveyor's tug was 
close by, and a Sanitary Commission pen- 
nant w.is fluttering from the Kent, along- 
side of which we anchored. Mr. Clark 
came aboard to report — I showed him my 
initruetions; he had arrived Tuesday 21th, 
at 11 A. M., and received similar orders 
from the gunboats. Boarding her I found 
her tonnage to be 260; her invoice admi- 
rably seh'cted and full; Mr. Clark in 
charge, with Capt. Gofts, as Quartermas- 
ter; Mr. B'jckand Mr. Swan, as assistants, 
together with a crew of seventeen men — 
charter, Si25. The saurkraut schooner 
had leceived orders to make sail from Fort 
Monroe for Rappahannock. She had not 
arrived, nor had any of our barges, but, 
doubtless, would obey her instructions, 
and anchor till further orders. I hluill 
probabiy dispatch the tug Curtin for her, 
after the Kennedy is landed at Port 
BoyaL 

Wednerdav, May 25, 18C1. 

Obeying ortiers from the guuboat, wo 
were uudor weigh at 5 A. M., with quite a 
reiipectable fleet of transports and tows, the 
gauUo.it Dragon acting as convoy. The 
river i^ broad, water good, and banks 
fringe! with green foliage, wliich also acts 
as a b jatitifiil frame to the occasional white 
farm-houses. About 8, the gunboat stop- 
ped to w.dt for the rest of tlio floet, and 
the K ipley an I Kent followed in the wake 
of a Lir^e transport sea propeller. The 
City of Albany is far ahead of the trans- 
port. I h ivo had certain persons selected 
as suitable mju to place on transports re- 
tamiu;^ with wounded; and also, a table of 
•applies, calculated for one hundred men 
for one day. Should emL'rgencies arise, 
we can speedily determine from the num- 
ber of patients and their destination, the 



amount and kind of stores to be put on 
board, and the agent to go with them. On 
arrival, unless affairs at Port R )yal change 
the decision, I. shall have the cargo of the 
Rapley discharged into the Kent, retain the 
Kent until the barge arrives, and send back 
the Rapley in charge of Mr. Clark. Will 
most probably place Mr. Beck in charge of 
the Kent, and Mr. Swan ns his assistant. 
Purpose to retain the Kent until the 
barge arrives, and then dispatch her, unless 
there is a great demand. I can't keep 
feeling apprehensive, and yet I agreed with 
Harris that, so far as we couM t<?ll, the 
Fredericksburg route was the sifest and 
speediest. That Harris is a noble man. 
At 11 A. M., passed Rappahannock village. 
Some negroes waving handkerchiefs; the 
gunboats will probably pick them up. 4 
P. M., — are just rounding into Port Royal; 
have passed one of the most eleg.iut houses 
on the Sjuth shore. Some ladies and a 
couple of gentlemen sitting on the veranda, 
waved handkerchiefs to them, ** which, 
they didn't see it," as Artemus Ward re- 
marks. Plenty of contrabands have welcom- 
ed us at many i^oints, but no wliite jieople. 
Several vessels are lying at Port Royal, 
gunboats among others. Have passed some 
elegant places for guerrillas, but fortunate- 
ly without disturl)ance. State of Maine 
just gone with wounded, saluted us. On 
arrival, directed Mr. Clark to lower his 
boat and visit the steamers in port, to see 
what ones would grant us transports, and 
what ones woidd need supplies. At the 
same time I took the Juniuta, which we 
had towed from Belle Plain, and nailing a 
crutch, with a Sanitary Commission flag to 
her, put out to Port Royal in search of our 
men. Getting no tracv.% I crossed over the 
river, and proceeding to Gen. Abercrom- 
bie's headquarters, informed him of our 
arrival and desire to facilitate matters. 

Learned from him that a train of wound- 
ed would likely arrive during the evening. 
Re crossed the river; and, by the way, it 
was pouring rain all the afternoon and 
night. I succeeiled in finding Dr. Cuyler, 
on a search for houses suitable for hospi- 
tals. He greeted us most cordially. We 
arrived an hour before his barges, and 
about an hour after Genenil Al)ercrombie 
— long before his train was in. Dr. Cuyler 
asked me what wo wanted, and, of course, 
we preferred a house, whereupon ho assign- 
ed one to us; but finding Ironi his staff, 
(Captains Pitkin and Clark,) that there is 
no probability at present of our remaining 
longer than four or five days, I have not 
yet used it. 

On returning to the wharf, I met Mr. Le 
Baron, who had left Fredericksburg Tues- 
day evening, bringing a note to you from 
Mr. Fay, requesting that the Rapley be 
sent up to bviu^ owt «LVtew\A o^. v^vimvcv% 
aboard, I O^ecWOi 'iiii. TViovsl^'&wi \a Ni^iL. 



458 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



aslioro liis corps, and proper materittl for 
fiM'dinpr six huudrcd' wounded about to ar- 
rive, railing to Captain Hookiss's gun- 
bout, on wliich Mr. Le Buron hud como 
down, ]i:i<l quite a talk with Captain H., 
and ItMirncrd that the Weems would proba- 
bly go up to-night. Returned, relieve<l 
Mr. C'liirk, and dir<»cted him to turn over 
the Kent to Mr. Williams. Requested Mr. 
Williams to proceed with her in the wake 
of the Weems, and, under convoy, to Fred- 
ericksburg. Wrote to Captain Harris and 
Dr. DougLis. Sent the Kent insteiul of the 
Rapley, because, first, she is larger, and is 
not so crowded with stores; second, has 
more coal; and, third, runs fast. 

Captain Harris \u\d arrived at Fredericks- 
burg Tuesday, 10 or 11 A. M., and I am 
greatly j)erplexed to know what ho ought 
to do. I think he had better come here, 
unli'ss h(i has pushed on to Millford. I 
went ashore in hopes of finding him, and 
traini>e<l all around the c(mntry. Thomps(ui 
had got tin old house; and hnt<*rns, buck- 
ets of coH'i'e and cnu'kers were constantly 
acconij)anving pairs of legs in and out. 

On tlie luMrtli was a bright fire of wood 
and a brighter fire of womanhooil, both of 
them boiling coffee and dispensing cheer- 
fulness. 

Tli(» wounded were in army wagons, and 
had com<^ from a point a mile and a half 
beyoiKl tlie North Anna River, a ride of 
thirty niih's. They hail had nothing to 
eat, by tlieir report, for some time. 

Mr. IMoor came with the train. They 
wen* thoroughly fed, our men being at 
work until .'3 A. M. 

TiiuiUDAT. iray2C. 

Kent srtilod for Fredericksburg, in charge 
of Mr. Williams, at 5 A. M. Six hundred 
mon* wound«'d had arrived. 

We havit given out two thousand six hun- 
dred meals. At 12, seventy-five ambulances 
are rci>i>rted as expect^^l. We are all work- 
ed terribly. I pray that some of them may 
come from Fredericksburg to-night. 

L)r. C.iyler wishes to supply us with stove, 
cauldrons, bread, &e. I accepted. Got a 
guard to bury six men who had died en 
rout'-. C?.)mmissary is not issuing. Have 
had to supply Captain Pitkin and several 
<iuartermastei-s with food, also gunboats. 
Ytnir dispatcli is received. Curt in not ar- 
rive<l; wli(*n she d»>es, will send the schooner 
back. You had better have a steamer, with 
cargo, anciiored at mouth of York River, to 
go u}) as soon as Wiiite House is garrison- 
ed. A|)j>earane(\s may change, but at pres- 
ent nothing indicates a week's delay here. 

liy uiiduight we will have given four 
thousand six hundred meals. 

Key Tort and Lizzie Baker just arrived 
from Fredericksburg; but no transx)orts 
here to take off their wounded. 
In groat haste, yours, 

Jr. A. Anderson. 



N. B. — Hurriedly written to catch the 
maiL Copyist. 



GENERAL BANKS'S ARMY. 

Dr. Crane writes from New Orleans, Apzil 
29: 

Since writing you on the 22d inst, little 
has occurred hero of interest. I have re- 
ceived from the front four letters — two from 
Mitchell dated on the 2l8t inst, one from 
Mitchell and one from Stevens dated on 
the 20th. These four letters I now enclose 
to you. 

Mr. Chad wick, agent for the Cincinnati 
Branch, returned from Alexandria to-day. 
He gives good accounts of the work done 
by (mr agt^nts. I shall send up to-morrow 
by Mr. Edgerly a pretty largo 8ui>ply of 
vegetables, diie'd fruit, Jcc., for geueiuldis- 
trii>utiou in camp. 

Mitchell, Stevens, Barnard, Footc, Mil- 
ler, Hildreth aud Ueynolds, are at Alexan- 
dria. Kdgerly goes on the Laurel HilL 
Grant and Kimbad arc in the storehouse. 
Furniss att^^uds to securing transportation, 
&c ., i\:c. Boltwood is now m the storehouse 
awaiting transportation to Peusacola. The 
coydition of the refugees at that station — 
women and helpless children — who have 
come within our lines, demands immediate 
attention. Gen. Asl>oth Inis writt^'u to me 
about it, aud I have directed Mr. Boltwood 
to ])roceed to Pensacola and investigate the 
matter. 

I have written somewhat at length about 
the subject to Dr. Jenkins. It is an im- 
X>ortant one, and I hope the Commission 
will feel it to be their duty to act upon it 
directly. 

The Tempest has arrived, and we have 
been receiving her cargo to-day. Tho in- 
voice is a S2)lendid one ; it measurably fills 
the great gap created by the recent run 
ui)ou our stores. 

The net result of the recent benefit and 
subscription list in our IndnUf was $2,052.25. 

I .send you a copy of the AVfi of the 2Gth 
inst., which will give you the former state- 
ment. 

The weather is now quite hot and sum- 
mer is in, aud the demands for ice are fre- 
quent. It can be t)btaiued in this city for 
1>2 cents per lb., delivt»red in quantities to 
suit. Sh- »uld a shipment be considered de- 
sirable there will be no diiliculty in ob- 
taining an ice-house. 

The accounts from the Hed Kiver are sad 
enough. Mr. Mitchell, writing from Alex- 
andria, April 21, says: 

As ^Ir. Foote was unwell, T concluded to 
sentl Mr. Chadwick with a large supply of 
stores to the front t^) communicate aud act 
with Messrs. Stevens and Barnard. Yes- 
ieidsiy 1 sQu\i \x\> U> \iVis^ Bi^v^'^^ on teams 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



4S9 



for transportation to the army, a large 
quantity of potatoes, pickles, lemons, claret, 
condensed milk, beef stock, farina, band- 
ages and other field supplies, which I knew 
would bo needed in view of the abandon- 
ment and legitimate consumption of medi- 
cal supplies during the two days' fight. In 
the evening, much to our anuoyance, wo 
received information that do stores would 
be sent forward until further orders. ' A 
boat loaded with commissary stores return- 
ed to the Falls still loaded, and it soon be- 
came quite evident that the intention of 
our commanders is to return at least as 
far as this point. The troops here were 
underarms until 4 A. M. today, and the 
Superior has just ariivfd here, having 
been fired iuto at Bayou Sara and 15 miles 
below this place, with artillery, killiug two 
men of the 3d R. I. Cavalry and wounding 
sixteen. 

The gunboats, numbering some twenty 
in all, with mauy of oiir large transports, 
will be unable to cross the FaUs from above. 
The Navy I propose to look after, and to 
isfeue to it a large portion of our stores at 
the Btpids, which they may stand in need 
of, and which we cannot get to the army. 

The potatoes by the Chateau are just 
unloaded to-day. I will issue them to-mor- 
row to hospitals and troops. Have heard 
nothing from Stevens or Barnard Foote 
is sick. Chadwick is under orders to com- 
municate with Stevens with stores, but, as 
I have explained, is unable to. I will re- 
tain him to assist at the storehouse until 
Mr. Foote is able to take charge. * * Philip, " 
"Jim "and "Charlie," are all kept busy. 
I have had not an hour uuoccupied in day- 
light as yet, and this fact must apologize 
for my hurried and disconnected communi- 
cations. 

On the 2Cth, he adds: 

Thanks to the courtesy of Capt. Welch, 
Quartermaster at this point, I turned over 
to him for transportation to Mr. Stevens, 
at Grand Ecore, a large amount of all kinds 
of hospital stores, potatoes, lemons, milk, 
farina, com starch, sugar, ice, tobacco, 
pipes, clothing, <tc., &c. All these were 
sent above the Falls on Friday, 22d inst. 
Mr. Chadwick was to have gone u]} with ' 
them, and to have aided Mr. Stevens in 
the distribution; he was also to have com- 
municated with Mr. Barnard, to whom I 
Bent word to return, that he might assist at 
this point. 

On the evening of the 22 J Capt. Welch 
told me that he had orders to send no more 
boats up the river. This, we concluded, 
meant that the army was to return. On 
the morning of the '23d I sent Mr. Chad- 
wick to the Falls to distribute such of our 
stores to the gunboats at that point as they 
might need. He was prevented from ac- 
eomplishiDg this, as the stores were sent 



back to me before he arrived there. Mr. 
Chadwick, however, succeeded in render- 
ing aid to the 550 sick on board the Ew- 
ing, by distributing stores brought back 
for want of transportation by Mr. Barnard. 
Mr. Barnard was already on board, hard at 
work and faithful to his mission. 

On the 2'iih inst. we were all busy in 
looking after the sick on the Ewiug, the 
wants of the hospitals, and the various 
calls made on us by the detachments of 
sick on board some seven transports, sent 
down from Gen. Smith's fleet. We also 
issued to every company of Gen. Grover's 
command half a barrel of potatoes, for 
which we were often thanked. 

The convalescent men on board the seven 
transports were sent to the Rest,where Mr. 
Reynolds was kept continually busy in pro- 
viding them meals. Mr. Reynolds has had 
probably as many as 200 boarders at the 
Rest. 

On board the Ewing, Mr. Barnard and 
Mr. Chadwick have worked incessantly. 

The had made no provision for 

feeding his men. Philip made s(»me 20 
gallons of corn starch, and this, with cherry 
wine, crackers and claret punch, has been 
served out at every meal to all the men on 
board. 

This morning the surgeon went with me 
to the Commissary's, where I drew full ra- 
tions of fresh beef, potatoes, rice, flour, 
&c., &c. With Mr. Chad wick's assistance 
we set up a hospital cook- stove, lying un- 
used on board, and having selected conva- 
lescent men on board, set them to work 
to prepare a good soup for all on board. 

Yesterday morning Gen. Banks and staff 
rode in. Soon the army was coming in, 
and Mr. Stevens reported. 

The Red Chief soon after came down, 
with a number of wounded on board, and 
then again all hands went at work. We 
gave to every man on board iced punch or 
brandy and water and soft crackers, before 
they were removed to the hospital. Mr. 
Mudge, of the Christian Commission, did 
valuable service, in washing and dressing 
the sore and sick men on board the Ewing. 
He is a good practical worker, and recog- 
nizes the need of administering physical 
comforts before spiritual exhortations to 
men suffering from empty stomachs and 
dusty persons. 

To-day the army is all back here, having 
had to fight its way through a force at 
Caney River, while its rear was compelled 
to repulse continuous attacks. It was in a 
hazardous position, and we all thank God 
and Gen Smith that it is hero in compara- 
tive safety. It is said there was fighting 
near here this morning, and as I write 1 
hear the booming of distant reports of ar- 
tillery. There is also a small lotc^ ol 
rebels oppoa\\«i m^ «A,'5Vvi^ys'^^\\ik»N.\!^.\gc^ 
the gonboaAaYi^TQ ^wxi!i:^'ei\ NXikftYt ^».^»«i^5^ 



460 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin, 



bv sli '\\\\\[X them anil killiiip: jv small iinm- 
\n'Y. \V;i;it iii<)Voiii<'nt will iH-xt take ])ljice 
no one ^.M'.iis to know, alth<)Uj4:U the f^'*'ii(v 
rjil inijnts>ion is that wo will leave for New 
Oil';i:i^. We still have some supplies, but 
Ciiii U.S.' .til you eaii send us. 

Mr. SNveiis was with the army durinp: 
the n tr. ;•.♦. aii.l <;ives the followinj^ aecouiit 
of hi- <»]) rations durinf^ the march: 

Yo^ir favor of i:Uh inst. was received 
ii])nii II. y arrival at this ])l,iet» yesterday. 
]>iiriii_^ i.iv >tay at Grand lv't)r(» I received 
fr'.rii M.-. Mitclirll tw) loads of supi)Ii»'s, 
and li.iv.* l>--.*n in (lin-et eomrnunieatiou 
with him sin^'e, as vou su;j:«^(^st in your let- 
t. r. Mv Ia<t to tiie ollioe was dated the 
l'>:li ni-r. Tli" nrxt day I sent sui)plies 
j»' r lli/'.f trur-e to our wouuihul left V><^- 
iiiii 1 .;t y\- . Pl'M-ant, and madi'somt^ other 
di-t'^!. .*.'.fi to oMr forces around ni », but 
}>■ :.'." i'. 1< r m.iivhinf? orders, could n«)t do 
Hi . •■.. < ).i th<- 21st (ien. Smith took j)os- 
h ■■ : .1 ' 1 N.itchitocJKM, and next day at 5 
]'. .'.J. V. • -taJt.d on our n tn-at. On ac- 
co .'.t ,,\ tlj.- hMrnin<^' of several houses the 
'•';• . • J i-t h.ivi* l)cen made aware of our 
ijj '■•• . : ..-. for they Were so.)n j)n^ssing 
^fii. "- J lij in his rear. At the last cross- 
in/ '.\ ( . -i.y Jiiver, upon sonn? high bluU's 
^^..: J •• /fiii/i m I'-d a wiile rainge of coun- 
try. ■...• \>, I. J 1 v.. v. Ml or eight guns pliuted, 
tiii in .'J vi'wi'.r w^ in front and r«'ar at the 
^ar:. <;.,<-. Sinitli drove them bat'k, while 
^' !i ii ■ ' , ero sing the river and making 
<\ •'■■ .1 'I tour, look them by surprise, driv- 
v-.'/ '!; ;,j :iv..iy from tln'ir strong jxisition. 
Our J . - 'A. IS ahout one hundred and tifty 
wou'i |. J. Tln'-c wi*r<i brouglit over and 
<--ii' >\ !•>,•. hc-ping us at work all night. 
i h.i 1 ,1 lij-: p i'-i:.-d with tlios* things eu- 
(''■' TV ..:i 1 t.'li.-n to the hospital, thus b«»- 
JM'/ r«'.iy \>i\'ttvi'. th" \\oun<l< d came in. 
'J ii" ij' .: m>rning, tin* euj-my still i)ursu- 
in;/. w.' lj;irri«-d the ni'Mi into ambulances 
and p :- .-d tin* river, stopj)ing all night at 
Ib'iid 1 111-, Hill, jind arriving here yester- 
day ah lit noon. 

I !•» i:id til.' ('ommission hard at work, 
and liimyjirc the words of j^raise I have 
litMrd ir. trii iii"ii and olli uts as well as sur- 
g»'o:i i. Tut' niMi seem m1 to b>» astonished 
tiiat th«('ommi>sion could "come clear up 
LeP\" 

No oni' can tell how long we may remain 
lien', <ii- (Ii it '• the c)bj(cl: of tln^ exjiedition 
is ac'-<Hiiplisln (1." The whole allair has 
been sal «'nough. 

It w )uld seem from the following from 
]Mr. Mitchell that the Union still has some 
fri'-nds l.ft 4'ven in Wt;.storn Louisiana: 

I h.iv.' the gratitication of acknowledg- 
ing to you th.? receii)t from William JJ. 
J'rjnrr, /J-q., of Alrxnudliii, L:l., of four 
£fiiIJ'jjj.i (I(jjuustic winOf and through the 



Rev. Thomvs Bacon, D. D., of the saine 
plac(», the amount of the Easter contribu- 
tion, viz., $14.20. 

This, for a phice not six weeks in onr pos- 
session, encourages th(» hope that Union- 
' ism, genuine and devoted, still breathes at 
I the 8out)i, smothered though it may bo 
for a time by the htrong hand of military 
despotism. The numerous enlistments in 
the "Lcmisiana Scouts," commonly called 
*' bushwackers,'' indicates clearly tuat there 
are many men, wlu), having opposed this 
desi)otism as far as they were able unaided, 
I are ready to fight for the Union, now that 
they have a support on which they can 
rally with confidence. 



OUll OrEIlATIONS AT BELLE PLAIN. 

The following reports contain a number 
of interesting details of our operations dur- 
ing General Grant's "Eight Days": 

UNiTFn States Saxitary Commirhiom, ) 
WAhiusuros, 1>. C, May 2;J. 1»W. J 
Db, F. .Tfnkiss, 

(J car «/ Sf.crftary, tf-c, dr.: 

Deaii Sin— I sent you a teh'gram this 
morning giving you a general summary. 
Yesterday we ran up to Aquia Oreek and 
pitched our tents, for a relief station, near 
the old spot where a year ago we had our 
station for feeding the wounded. We left 
supplies there with live relief agents. The 
train went uj) to Fidnnrnth at 4^j P.M., 
and it was thcmght that the cars might 
bring back the wounded. 

Ueturning to Belle Plain, we found that 
in our ab.sence of four hours, information 
had been received which indieat^'d asi)eedy 
removal of medical quartermaster and com- 
missary stores from Belle Plain to Port 
lioyal, on the lla])pahannock. We made our 
arrangements aci'ordingly, leaving stores 
enough only at the iqiper wharf to load the 
traiins of thirty wagons which will be there 
to-day for thtir last trij) to be made to 
Frederick.sburg. 

The balance of stores upon the shore, 
tog<'ther with the tents and material used 
at the feeding station, iV'c, Arc,, are h>aded 
on the barges to- day --provision still being 
made at 'the former n lief station to feed 
any wounded who, by chance, may yet 
come in that way. Judging it important 
to make arrangements for another boat 
Ix'sidt; :lie l\a])ley, I came up last evt^ning 
with Mr. Anderson, and have to-day found, 
l)y telegram, that the Kent is at jSorf(.»lk, 
well stonul, still, after having supidied our 
b«»at on James liiver, the Thompson, which 
cauK^ down for stores a day or two since. 
1 have ordered the Kent, with the schooner 
in tow, loaded with anti-scorbutic supplies, 
to go at once to Port Koyal. Alti r we 
urrived last night, at 1 A. il., the Raiplejr 
i w aa coa^viOi vjiaii \vivivVviOi, \m.viL \il d&^ light this 



The Sanitary Commission BtJletin. 



461 



morDmg she started for the base. This 
afteruooQ I go down on a tugboat, Gov. 
Curtin, nirhich I have chai-tered for as long 
a ttrm as we need her. After supplying 
the demands at Aquia Creek for Fredericks- 
burg, the tng will take one of the barges, 
the Kennedy, with her stores, to Port Koyal. 
The Kennedy is the barge which htis been 
at the wharf at Belle Plain, near the Medi- 
cal Purveyor's bout, and which iins been 
headquarters for the agents of the Commis- 
sion while there, and al>}0 a distributing 
station. I should have sent this barge off 
early this morning, except for the fact that 
we had promised to receive from soldiers 
stationed in the vicinity, passing through 
Belle Plain, such valises and little packages 
as they found themselves unable to carry, 
or which they wished to deposit in a safe 
6i>ot before going into battle — and so we 
wanted to let this storehouse remain till the 
last moment. I may just mention here, 
that duiiug the jiiust two days the aggregate 
of these packages and bundles which wo 
have thus taken charge of, and which, in 
most cases, would have been simply aban- 
doned — the men unable to march cairrying 
the load — amounted to not less than twenty 
tons. Straight through the day and night 
there was one unbroken stream of men 
bringing what they wished to preserve. 
But to-night the barge, which had been 
such a comfort^ible home at Belle Plain, 
and which, beside our own ageut,*^, has 
** slept and fed" at least two hundred other 
State and local relief agents and those seek- 
ing wounded friends— to-niglit the barge 
goes for its new wharf at Port Royal. The 
relief agents who have fed the wounded as 
they arrived from Fredericksburg, will go 
on with the barge, and be ready to continue 
their work on the other river bank. It 
cannot bo a more lovely spot than that 
where our tents and little frame house 
clustered under the great tulip tree all 
full of flowers, and covered with that enor- 
mous growth of vine. Mr. Anderson will 
take charge for the present at Port lloyal 
of the work of receiving and forwarding 
our supplies, and establishing the stations 
for feeding the wounded as tlioy come in 
by ambulance. Mr. Anderson's energy and 
wise judgment, united to a generous hu- 
manity and religious purpoi^e, make him 
just the kind of man we want for that work. 
The agents of the little feeding station at 
White Oak Church will fall back into Fred- 
ericksburg. You have no idea of the amount 
of comfort and relief which have been given 
at the rough-looking station during the past 
three days. Being half way between Fred- 
ericksburg and Bplle Plain, all the slightly 
wounded who are sent on to walk down, 
getting, of course, much exhausted, have 
found here, in food and drink and a place 
to rest for a half hour, just the help which 
gBve them Btrength to go on. 



Captain Harris will take charge of the 
transportation wagons and get thtm over 
to Port Royal, except those needed for a 
while between Falmouth de^jot and Fred- 
ericksburg hospitals. 

If we can get the Elizabeth, with her 
largo capacitv for storage, I propose to 
load her and Jet her take the place of the 
Kent, which, though large, is not conve- 
niently arranged for carrying supplies. 

The barge Hoboken will be lelt at Aquia 
Creek until wo learn what the needs are 
there. 

Truly yours, &c. , &c. , 

Fi4ED. N. Knapp, 

AssodcUe Secretary. 



Washikutok, D. C, May 14. 1864. 
To F. N. Kkapp, Esq., 

Associate Secretary, t£c.: 

Sir — A brief report of some of the past 
week's work may serve as a record of what 
should not be forgotten. 

Under your direction, I went to the Army 
of the Potomac on Saturday, April 30 ; 
visited the station at Brandy and the head- 
quarters of the army, for such suggestions 
from the Provost Marshal Gen end as might 
guide your work on the eve of battle. 

These were fully communicated to the 
Board in session here, on my return. May 
3. Every thing was in readiness to ])ro- 
ceed at once to the scene upon the Urst 
news of battle. 

On Sunday, at noon, having the only 
pass then issued, I proceeded on your order 
to Alexandria, with hospital supplies for 
Rappahannock Station. These were at 
once taken on board a train for the front, 
in charge of a band of fifteen nurses and 
attendants, under the orders of Surgeon 
Mitchell, in charge of the Cavalry Corps 
Hospital, who received me into his com- 
pany. 

Milk punch in bottles, crackers, soft 
bread, and coffee were prepared, in the 
hope of being able to supply them to the 
in-coming wounded and sick upon the train 
from the rear of the army. 

We waited in the cars, hour after hour, 
for the signal to go forward, and I kept 
you constantly advised of the state of 
affairs. 

Meanwhile the Lodge at Alexandria was 
thronged, and all things in active and 
abundant preparation for the tide of suffer- 
ing expected. 

As soon as it was ascertained on Monday 
that no wounded were to come in by rail, 
that Belle Plain would probably be the new 
base, I so advised you by telegram : and as 
I was ordered to Washington on Tuesday 
morning, your steamer and a barge, both 
well laden, and bearing your own 'w^j^^^iXiS^ 
and liorsea lox \Ti(5LC^e\iOkevv\. \x\\.\!ks^\>«5rsN^%a\^^ 
'were ready aX an ewiVj \iavix Vi ^vi \ssr5R«:t^ 



402 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



hiA i::'»vim1 off as soon as the necessary 
p.i-f- f >\i\i\ l>f olit.ainiM.1 f<»rthe large band 
ot li' 1]M rs who had been held here in readi- 
ng- v 

\V** r- af-hed IJelle Plain at twilight; were 
ho«Hj iji'r.n-d at the temporary wiiarf, and 
(r\ii\ :i]»|)liane<; was in instant requisition. 
Tlj't -<p.uMte bands of young men, under 
tli'ir s» vf-r.d captains, were assigned to va- 
rious t;i. ks. 

A l.irjc hospital tent was ]utched under a 
\('\\*-\n\\U' tn-e on shore, and the fires soon 
])lii/,'<l umh-r th(i eamj) kcrttles, filled with 
coth'.'. Tlu> large su])|)ly of hmterns were 
a (ioilscnd to the oflicers engaged in ex- 
ploring tin; crowds of wounded who had 
b<M ij Jill diiy streaming in, and during the 
ontin- night in guiding them on board the 
barge' -5, serving as lighters to ccmvey them 
to tiic transi)orfs in de«'p water in the 
oiling. This service of the young men, 
under the ordt'r of Mr. Faiy — in forming 
a lin(^ ol' lanterns, assisting the crij^pled 
K(>ldiers to tlie boats, feeding them, and 
going with tln^m on the barges and aiding 
in Yi'. iioviil to the transports— was cordially 
at cei) 'd by the oflicers in charge; and, as 
the jin>pital tents of the medical oflicers 
were directly oj)posite the tent under the 
tree;, niueh and ve,ry welcome assistance and 
Bolai^e was furnished to it, both to surgeons 
antl sulhrers. 

During the night a train of ambulances 
"Was gott<Mi into line, loaded with stimu- 
lants, and having on board a band of sur- 
geons specially deputed from several Stat(»s. 
Tin* int 'usf^ darkness, and the badness of 
the roj d'. as wi^ll as thcur unguarded con- 
dition, iletaiued this train until dawn, and 
our y«)ung men supjdied the surgeons with 
lanterns, bread and coll'ee. 

Nearly all of us were at work during the 
entire night, and all rejoiced in the abun- 
dant op[)ortunity aflbrdedof hard and tiring 
service. 

With th(^ break of dawn, the horses and 
\vagons were bnmght cm shore from the 
barge, and the work of loading them with 
assortiMl stores for Fredericksburg pressed 
forwainl, under the care of Dr. Steiner and 
Mr. Fay. 

About noon ]Mr. Fay left, with this train 
and a i)ortion of our sixty helpers, for Fred- 
ericksburg, taking with them seven sur- 
geons, and ^Irs. Husband and Miss Gilson, 
who had come down with us upon the 
steamer to takt^ uj) again their invaluable 
wt)rk in the new scenes of sutlering at Fred- 
ericksburg. 

Th(^ entire freight of your steamer, the 
Mary riai>le\, was transfi'rred to the barge, 
and the steamer dispatched for anotlier 
car^o and barge load to Washington. 

^[eauwhile other tents had been pitched 

on shift't', niiil one wagon assigned tocarr^'- 

j'n^ supplies to the workers in and around 

them; and during the entire day, (Wednes- 



day,) the crowds of wounded, either on or 
in the baggage wagons now thronging in 
for army stores, left no intermission of 
labor, and menaced exhaustion both to sup- 
lilies and workers. 

Bands of volunteers from various locali- 
ties cheerfully took work in harmony with 
^our organizations, and, lifting at the 
stretcher, supporting the crippled soldiers 
to the boat, aiding to dispose his shattered 
form ui)on the deck, carrying bread and 
crackers and coffee, bathing his wounds or 
readjusting his bandages, served to re- 
double the efliciency oif all your means of 
succor; while, on the one hand, the officers 
of (jovernment both accepted cordially 
your services and added in many things to 
your material, especially in supply of bread, 
soft as well as hard. The members of the 
Christian Commission harmoniously co- 
oi)erated in all your work. 

From Wednesday morning to Friday 
morning, when helpless exhaustion com- 
pelled me to go on board the Connecticut 
and return to the city, seems now one un- 
broken interval, in which rest was scarce 
thought of, and the varied activities which 
I have described went on continuously — 
chief officers of the Commission arriving to 
work, and counsel, and direct — new cargoes 
unloading, new bands of workers coming in; 
and the barge, over which floated the flag 
of the Commission, moored in the very 
focus of activity, forming the rendezvous for 
information, consultation, and supply. 

I cannot close this hasty record without 
making mention, with admiration and grati- 
tude, of the urbane and cordial temper in 
which (amid the distractions of the scene,) 
the Medical Director in charge, (Colonel 
Cuyler,) and the medical officers under him, 
welcomiul and seconded your service and 
promoted its efficiency. 

Of the energy and decision, tempered 
with humane consideration, of Col. Cayler, 
and of his unflagging labor by night and 
day, all will bear witness. It was every 
thing to us and to the wounded soldiers — 
unraveling intricacies and shedding sun- 
shine over the scene. The action of the 
entire medical staff was in harmony with 
this example. 

The laborious and responsible duties of 
quartermaster were in the hands of Capt. 
H. B. Lacy, temporarily detailed from Q 
Street Wharf, Washington, for the difficult 
occasion; and there are few men in his de- 
partment with the heart and energy and 
administrative skill which enabled Captain 
Lacy to crowd the work of a month into a 
week. 

Yours, 

J. V. Van Ingen. 

"We liiw^o the following, also, from Mir. 



The' Bavitary Commiaaion BtiUetin. 



463 



Since my report of yestettlay, three boats 
of woimdea have iLmved» tIz. : 

NumbAT. 

lAzzie Bak^r 2H0 

Connecticut. 600 

Uticft , 400 

Total ...1,280 

Three- f our tlia of the whole number were 
severely wounded, and at least oijo-*iixth 
part were cusea of amputation. 

The men were in excellent spirits, for men 
so aevtfn^lj wounded. Wo supplied tliem 
abundantly with erery thing th(^y needed, 
until they could be comfortably placed in 
hospital, for wltich tliey were exceedingly 
tli&nkiuL We fed this morning a detacli* 
ment of one hundered men from the 1st 
Regiment of Veteran Beaerve Cor^ia^ who 
bave been sent down to Belle Plain to 
goaid prisoners^ Tbf^y were uneipecteclly 
ordered away, and did not have time to 
prepare themselvea any food. To-night I 
-will try and fumisli yon a report of the 
work aecomplished for the week. 



A PBISONEB'd TESTIMO>nr. 

:^EW Tonic, May % ISa4. 

I waa token prisoner at the hattle of Gettys- 
borg, and spent over eight months in Libby 
Frison, Hichmond. 

Daring my stay there I had the best practical 
knowledge of the beneficial working of the U. B. 
Sanitary rommisHion. 

Toth&irkJnd offices, I and huadreda of others 
•re indebted far a! most every particle of deceut 
food and aU the deiticacies tha^t we eo joyed. To 
them we ar« indebted for all the clothing and 
blankets which we received while in the priaon, 
aa abo our booksj pupera, and other readitig 
matter* 

SxRfrtEH KOVACS, 



LETTEB FROM Da. H. S. HEWITT. 

MXAitqXJAtSTKnA D^P^T OR THR OHIO, 

Mkdicai. DfBKcnm'tt Oriricii, 
tfoManrr^w^t, T«»rir„ Marth V, 1664 » 

Sm — I have the honor to acknowledge 
the r^eipt, at tliia pomt, of 80 barrels of 
potatoes and B3 baiTeb of knviitf for gratni- 
toDB diatrtbutiou to the forces of this De- 
portmeut now in the field. 

This flupply is timely and valuable, in a 
very high degree, and will be cordially ap- 
preciat**d l)y our soldiers. 

With very great rej^pect* 

H a liEwrrr, Surg. U. S. F., 

M. IL Scmoua, Agmt U. S. Sftn. Com. 



DiabuT&omenta in citsh of the Commii- 
won during the month of Muy, S262,898.77. 
This doea not indnde BUpplies recoived in 
kind. 



THE WESTERN DEPARTMENT. 
Mr. Bead's reports to Dr. Newberry, from 
Chattanooga, gives the history of our op- 
erations with Sherman's army, down to 
May 18. Writing May lOth, he naya: 

Dtk Uet>6. Seymour and Warren ; Mewra. Hob- 
Ut, Barieli, iii QudKiit, Fnircljikl, Toni.\ Hotford, 
Pfindlc. Murray^ Crary, Pjftce and iJiirrctt, are at 
lb I? fVotit 

Wc have went large pupplicn to Rinjrgoldt and 
are oow pending a car loud a dny lo TuiiueJ lUU. 
Our Ifne nf comniunieution wiUi the front 19 com- 
plete, and we ean bave tht^n' all t be kamfi we need 
or a*.k lor, Atl Wi phuU nei*d ni»w lo havo the 
work tbr^ron^hly done is a eonntunt *^itpply of 
fitore*. We have to gues-t bow many «f any kind 
we iiball need. TUfre was hf*avy irkirmi*iiing all 
day yei?terday, and this mornjijg orders liave been 
M^ut to prrparc for four tljoi)!*anrt wounded la 
G1iCLttanoog:a. Prohahly, a (severe battle lo-day. 
We U'lfgrupb fu< plainly au we are p^rraUted to 
de. All eur ghirtt?, drawer:? and Pbeet^ witb the 
gr^at^r part of the ragts and bandugea have 
already gime to tb«» front, beside thf* mot^t of the 
conctfQtrated milk, bet^f^ tea, sugar, atlmylantB, 
Ac. 

We want alt the milk and BtlmubntR aj^kcd for. 
and a pmportionttle ^ypply of clothing of all 
kind« for wounded men, large Ftipply of dress- 
ings, a hundred barrels of cmckers^, two tona of 
butter^ I deem this very important; fire hundred 
pfUindft of green tea, a geuerul t^upply of all fari- 
Haeeoufl deHcactes, a supply of f!avp:ing extracts 
for the ur<e of the hulieg of iTie Ugbt diet ktl^hcna, 
ibree or four thousaml palm leaf riinfl ; and, aa 
there in.aod can be no ice. a supply o( tamarluda, 
and other articUisfor cooling drmka, wUb lemona 
and loiif tugnr. Cateulate on eight to tea 
tiioufiand wounded, but I bope we aball not bave 
fe> muny. fivcrv Ibing Is yet uncertain, but we 
can aciirely M\ of eev* re flgbiing, 

Ho'pJtuU are etiUiblislufi at Hinggold and Tuu* 
Del Hi!l,but we know neibing as to tlie Qumba^s 
admitted 

Add bed -packs to the above partial list, ted 
coni^ider it only a partial Hstt ait we fiball, pro- 
bably, need every tbiug retjuired to make wound- 
ed men comfortable. 

And May 18 th, after the battle of Besaca, 
we hear from him ; 

Tbere i^ a lull la the baUfe^ Our troops are 
marching on below tb« Reeaca. They bave taken 
two of the BtroTigest placea ftir defenatj in the 
woHd— Bnicaard's Root<t atid Resaca. Our lo«a 
til wounded will be oijout 3.000, They were la 
all cajwje promptly attend* d to. their wunnds 
drea^t^d, and tbey tbemf^elves fi-d « soon as 
brougbt frottt ibe field ; and in all corps* Banltary 
storefi were ready for them, and Jo ail but one in 
su (Be ten t q uanti lies, T bia o ue w ou Id Im ve been 
BupplitJii, bad tetiTus I oblatned ami sent witb 
roucb UlMir* been loiided. TUis was a mi«rortane, 
but, as mijcb the fault of the tearo^tt-rj a* of our 
agents. This corp# hiid tbe feweat wounded, aad 
ao bad le«a need of tbe g tores. 

« * • * • 

Tbe lint of casuftUlea baa been perfected aa Cai 
as iro**ibl« oa l\ve fti?\i. -wfti vtfe^wiNft^*^^^^^^ 



461 



Tlie Sanitary Commission BuHdin. 



T , n !rii;iil lniil^e at R"^aca i«* (l.'Strov<'d — 
v'.: i . I- .1,11. It s.M»ii. Our i)olicy is, lo kfip onr 
z • ■'.-. - >'*.;.• .-.It (or 111' ti -IjI. ai th«' tiTiiiimi^ of 
I ,•.• ;•.;•:. .i\A triiiii that i»oiist wo were to luive 
I' .:.'{■ '.\x'\ .1 rii iHi^li liie ^t'HiT.il Knpply train 
<:" ;':■ Mrtinl l)i'p:irini''iit. So far. I li:iv(; i.b- 
ti :.•■! ii inu<-'i s-iihI'T tlriii I could tH!» rwi-*!'. by 
\}'',uz "'1 lii" li'-M at the cojniu«'iic» ini*;it «»r ills* 
l.i.i;:.-. \V: I • tli>' t'lit"* won? hi'in,; \r\i up. [ 
c-..ii!'i «i!.t;ii;i Ji I>ivi'ii)ii ii*:irn to noatujii.*'.* fori«a;i- 
ii trv -t'l'r .-. ai.il ili.y r.-tunnd wilb lb -in n^'aily 
a." M'l :i a<< tJ'* wo.iiidal ul that day wcru brought 
ill. 

I 'r. T:i'iTfi|»^-ni anil bis as^^ociatrs. wito iuin,' j'lst 
at til- ri^bi t in>' to Ft'f our work to advanta;;*;. 

1 >,iy lo ail tbi* ap.'i:t.>«ot the ( liri:Niian (JoniiniA- 
fi'iij. •• V..11 I'tiii b.ivr j;ood'* at a:iy tiiii»*. siibj- ct 
only to ill.' Vi\\:* n-q'iiri.'d ot' our a^jf-'Uts *' Ami, 
nltiiiiii.'li \\\U 'ji\\-i.'i^ tihMu uotiii:i<r inurt! tliau tiii*y 
Ikiv" :iiA:iy> liail.it pul!< it iu Kucb a Jorui that 
tli'-v c i;in"l olrj i:t lu us. 

TiKTi' \\\Y' no )rny\'i ^y^ t!i»- fi'dd ♦?xoept our-*, 
unl -- t'l'' \V.>i<r.i CoiiHui."'>io;i bad Hoai,* for 
ML-l'li'i-t-ir?. <.'of [)"». 

J r- t:Mii a.i.ii.1 at one:? to tbt? front, and if my 
b mI'iIi |i"riiii >— aiid I am b-tH'r— siiall remain 
till !■•• ii:ii;l til- clo-sf oriiiv uainpaiiin. * * 

I (•Miiitij.Mci'.i. J-cliiiij tliat iln; di;ii.:ulti<'sin ob- 
tai.iiiu ha.irp'irtafioii woru S) ;;rL'ai. tb.it tb-y 
could li;ir.|ly he ovi-rijomi'. 1 lound the M»'dic.il 
J>jr.("or iiriii-nilly kind, atid m<»r».» di^po^.d than 
ewr to .li 1 us. and l»y bard wiuk bavn »«iicci'i'dcd 
mncii b.-tier tiian uver. ia wbicb you will rejoice 
wilb nn'. 

Dr. l\'rin, Wv?. Medical Diroctor of the 
D.'piutin.Mit uf tlio CimiWrlaud, liiui lu'i'ii 
ri'liivi-l l)y rrii'iost, but b.'fnnj Itjaviii;^ ho 
fitiit tli«- ftdlowinf^tostimouialtoourageut.'i: 

Mls-.!..-. a. X. Kkvi.» and M. i\ Rn.vD. 

Ay' U U. S. Si II it a y Commission: 
(Iknti.i MK\— In [••uving ibe I>cparinu*ut of the 
Cunii»- 1 1. Hill, f l-(;t it bui duo to you tbat I place 
upon I- t'ord my approbaLioa of y^mr co.iduct of 
tb.t alia: IS ot ;li.; .'^aailary Coinmi^.-'io.i during; tbe 
pLTJofJ ihat I have t*.;iv<Hi a-* M.-«licil Oiroottir. 

1 will .'■ill. ply pay tbai Ibis judgment is ba.-i-d 
up'Mi p T-oii.il ob'*»Tvationof tliL* ai>ility. z 'al and 
energy lliaf. bave cb.u-acter.zed your labor.-*. 
Very r«spi-ci fully, 

Your obedieat sftrvant. 

G. rtiiiN, 

JSurgton U. S. A. 

TI)'.' foUowiuiif i.^ a list of our .sbipjuMits down 
tbe rivi.r from Cairo lo Vicksburg, .Mempbis aud 
New Urieans, Irom May 7 to M:iy 10 : 

2S box*'"* (10) lb«. cacb.) codfi:?b, 
f^.')0 Ijarnis potaio*^s. 
!•!.'» btrrel-* aud 3'> ke;js pickles, 
12"» iiai'p.'ls crack'.-r.s, 
1!> k'-.i:s butter. 

:> hanth corumeal, 

7 boxi-H milk, 

I> barnds eg^s, 

.'J bii.ves p^arl barley, 

'i burel.? cracked wheat. 

Anotb'T lar^o a'lipmont to Vickfibur^ was lo 
Ifayc teen made on tiie 17th ijataat. 



A CRY FOR HELP. 

The Michigan SoMiers' Aid Sfvcicty Bajra: 
Will not eric 1 1 farnn'r's hoiiKebold jilodce at 
least ono l>aiTcd of potatoes or ouious for 
tin? s<ddiers V If Inirrels are not oouven- 
iiMitly obtained. wMid them in Rncks; we 
will return tliem, if desired, and barrtd the 
vc;j^etabIeH. Those articles are i>reKsingly 
wanted, l>ut not these ulone. AVe qnote 
f r »m the appeni of the StddierH* Aid So- 
ciety at Clevebmd: **It i^ a significant fact 
that raj<s, cotton and linen pitH'es, and 
banda«4:es, are just now demanded in large 
quantitii's. Will not all housekeepers, and 
oth<'rs, lav aside for ns tlie old cotton and 
linen that in the njiring hou.se-cleaniugaud 
ri'-arranging are sure to come to li^^ht? 
Pieces of any size will an.swer. only let tliem 
be dean and smwUh, and rolled into bundles. " 

" NEWHKKN W.UF.S." 
Tiir. Vkciktable GATti>EN:s. — Newborn and 
its surround in;<.s is one complete Vf;xotable 
frard*n. There are some tine girdi'ns in 
tnwii — tliit of Dr. Page, of the Siuitary 
Coniuiis.sion, is ahesMl of all competition. 
11 (f lias peas in fidl blossom and riuli.shcs, 
h'ttuce and asparagus ready for the table. 
His ganLMiatthe '*()ld Fifth" Camp is 
sphriulidly arranged, and will be very i)ro- 
daetivi\ He has arranged a " Rtealing 
patch" — a novel idea— where it is expected 
all sold it Ts will do their ** lifting" — those 
who fi^d malii'ionsly inclined <:an help 
themselves to green cctni, wateinnelons, Jcc, 
and l)e eutircdy welcome. The soldiers will 
Ide.ss the doctor for giving them this oppor- 
tunity to "help themselves," and '*no 
<piestions asked." — North Carolinn Times, 
April 117. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 

WASiiisaTOX, May 8, 1864. 
Rev. Y. Knapp, 

Han t tar y Commit<ion: 

Dkak Sm — Inclosed please find $20— being 
a part of tbe ^ium of $100— whlcb was sent to me 
by .Mr. Goddard. our Oon^tul General at CoDstaa- 
tinople, ai the iahtancc of Mr. Emmanuel, who 
bolils A subordinate post in tbe corp!» of ofHcera 
attached to the ollioo of the Consul &*uera1, 
wbicb Mr. Emmanuel desires to have expended 
lor tbe benolit of our sick Boldicra. 

It is proper that I should say tbat thia sum of 
$b)() thus contributed by this foreigner, who, 
at bis distant post, has Been nothing of the suffer- 
ings of our ^^allant boy.«, which are so familiar to 
you. is oae-t^ixtb of bis annual compensation. 
Who. of our own countrymen, holding office ao- 
der the Government, bave done more? 

Your.*, always truly, G. J. Aubott. 

If I can be of service during this coming week. 
vsVictv oar wounded boy a arrive, pleoae send ma 



jTAe Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 



465 



SOLDIEB'S GIFTa 

The following letters explain themselves: 
Chaxl£» R. Fosdxck, 

Corr. Sec Son. Com,, Cincirmati: 

Dear Snt— Inclosed please find draft on 
Wayne County Bank for one hundred dollars, 
beiig a donation from Lieut Wm. Henderson, 
^th Uhio Cavalry, to the U. S. Sanitary Com- 
mission. This Mr. Henderson enlisted as a 
private, and received the inclosed amount as 
bii» local township bounty, and he requests me 
to forward it as above, as he says he has seen so 
many evidences of the usefulness and good re- 
sulting from the efforts of the Commission, that 
be desires to aid in its good work. Will you 
please make me a written acknowledgment of 
(he receipt of it, and oblige, 

Eespectifully, 

D. KoBiNSON, Jr. 

W008TXB O., Ma^ 10. 

No. 1307 Chestnut Stbeet, ) 

Phii:.ad£Lphia, May 14, 1864. J 
IV tke Editor o/the SanUary Commission Bu'.letin: 

Deab Seb— Will you be kind enough to ac- 
knowledge, through the columns of your jour- 
nal, the donation to the funds of the Commis- 
sion of the sum of one hundred and fifty one 
dollai's, the amount of bounty and back pay due 
Uie estate of Samuel F. Bolton, deceased, late a 
sergeant in Co. H., 23d Kegt, Fenn. Vols., 
who died in action May 31, 18G2. The claim 
was collected by this agency, for Joseph K. 
Bolton, Esq., of this city, the futher of deceased, 
who generously gave it to the cause of our suf- 
fering soldiers. Such a gift certainly deserves 
of the Commission honorable mention. 
Very respectfully yours, 

\V. N. Ashman, 
Solicitor of War Claim Agtncy. 



BACK PAY. 
The following correspondence explains 
itself: 

Ai.EXA2n>BiA, Va., April 15. 1864, ) 
Prince Sit tet Branch UospUaJ. J 

Tour kind letter of the lltb instant I have re- 
ceived, aad I beg you accept my bjst tlianks for 
your favor. Coucerning my pay I have to state, 
that I have not my descriptive list, (that is to say, 
it is not at the office,) and that I do not expect 
the same, as in all probability I shall be well 
enough to join my regiment in about two or three 
weeks. Should 1 be mustered oa the hospital pay- 
roll, il is very likely that I am gone before the 
paymaster comes round to pay ott' the hospitals, 
which be generally docs between the 10th and 
15th of the mouth — not being then here, and not 
being mustered on the regimental pay-roll. I can- 
not draw my pay then, and, so you will perceive, 
how it comes that men have due to them their pay 
■ometimes for six mouths. Now, if I am not ask- 
ing too much of your kindness, please sec the 
Paymaster, Major Webb, and ascertain it I can 
come to Washington and draw my pay and bounty. 
At the same time, I would a>k you to procure for 
me the necessary permission to visit Washington. 

Before concluding my letter, let me express to 
you the high admiration I entertain of this noble 
institation of yours. I have seen many armies 
of the European Continent, have served myself 
in the Polish and French Armies in Algiers, and I 

V€>x. Z^No. 15. 30 



wish to God there would be only a shade of a 
like society, caring for the poor soldier like a 
mother only would do lor her children, shielding 
soldiers from imposture and helping them along 
in almost any conceivable way. 

Great as the American nation is, it brins^s forth 
only great things. Great, beyond comparison, is 
this unholy war; great, without parallel, the sacri- 
flce and hutfering^ of the people, and great the 
noble institution of the Sanitary Commission, 
I which I pray to God may prosper and accom- 
' plish their great and inestimable designs. 

Accept the as.surance of my highest esteem and 
respect, in which I remain 

Your obedient servant, 

John Werner. 

Wasbikotok, D. C, April 16, 1864. 
Mb. John Werncb, 

Cj. C, 5/1 iV. J. Volt., 

Frime Street Ilospital, Alexa., Va,: 

Sir— Your letter in regard to your back pay is 
received. I have been to Miyor Webb, and he 
says that you are mustered all right for your pay 
and bounty, and that if you will come to his 
office he will pay you. 

I have no doubt but that your surgeon will give 
you a pass to come for it on showing him this 
letter. 

Very respectfully. 

Your obedient servant, 

J. B. Abbott. 



A COMPLETE EXAMPLE OF SANITARY 
j SCIENCE PRACTICALLY APPLIED IN 
CAMPS AND UOSPITALS. 

I " That the prevention of disease is possible, 
; but its suppression difficult and uncertain,"* 
was the very first postulate laid down by the U. 
S. Sanitary Commission at the commencement 
of its labors. Acting upon this principle by 
most practical methods, and with an imdinch- 
ing determination not to be thwarted in the pur- 

Eose to insure for the soldiers in camp and in 
ospital all tlie means of sanitary protection 
which the combined intelligence and liberality 
of the Government and the people could apply, 
the results are such as will forever be remem- 
bered with gratitude by our people and by the 
philanthropic minds of every country. 

The first complete example of practical applica- 
tion of sanitary science in camps and hospitals, 
during a long war, is now being wrought out in 
our Federal army. But Great Biitain, in the 
recent campaign of its army in China, has fur- 
nished a very instructive illustration of the life- 



* Oeneral Instmctions for Camp Inspectors ; Sanituy 
Commission, Document 51. 

A writer in tho No.thAmeriean Review states that, " In 
the Mexican war our volunteer forces lost, from disease 
alone, at the rate of 152 per 1,00U per annum, and the 
regulars at tho rate of 81, from the same caude. In Wei. 
lington's entire campaif^n in tho Peninsula, his losses 
from disease were 113 per 1,U0U strength. In time of 
I>eace, our regular army lost annually at tho rate of 2<t 
per 1,000 strength: and tho BritUh infantry, serving at 
home, annually lost about 18 per 1.000 from disease, until 
Lord Herbert's groat reforms were ln8titut«>d; but by 
those reforms, which mainly consist in supplying fresh 
air and an improved diet, the annual loss is reduced to 
about 8>i per 1,000 strength; and the entire lo*& \.w \:iv8i 
British army during vYie va»llovvc -^eax^^liatsia^v ^>9M!sum»« 
is less than the annual \o«a"p^^^'^^'*^Vj ttotsv QM«»»fe Q!L>2a» 
lungt only." ^tto© NortK Amerkoaa Rc;«i«v9« K^eC^^Sfc^.^ 



AM 



TliC. Sanitary Commission BvJleiin. 



1- ■ 

t ■ I! 



= I 



:■ ' I 



_• T ■■ • r • t" till" iiiproviMl saiiit.iry s}».ti-iii 

!. t t; . •.t.ilili'-lir i| ill tin- iJiitish ii'i.-«s 

: ' r:iii»:in i-aiiii'.iiu'i». J*i"l ^^'*' <'»»ii»i"t 

■ :i 'v ilin>ti:it<' iLi- jiiaitical valin tif 

• » .1 H\sf,iii thiiii h\ ipi- tiiiL,' .'•ti.t*- 

- : :.: >'i-s NiL'litiiiL'aKs tnl-Mi- !•■ ^ir 

• ii- )l< it'.s itiiiiiiinstnitiiiii and tin- n ;'i>iiii 

'.•)i"i.illy iihI<i»m1. SIm- pn.sMits the 

1 •'..li'in'.' thit «vi 11 ihiiiii;^' tla- /' >f 

. . -. j.i liillf'.- ut lliat I'ltnllii. vi/.. Iv.'.i, 

■. ! l-'l. tlir- iiHU'tality a!m»li:4 tlu- *' lli- 

! till- Inn- sti'viii;^' ut h«»iin-" ^^:ls iliiiiiii- 

; :=■ III 17.'M» «li'aths tn l.i nil living'. ti.s..",(; 

i <> •>. uliii-li is li-.ss titan lialt tin' st.iiiilanl 

. : •". |.iiNi«MiS ti» tin- nlniiii.' Tn-ly iliM s 

\i litiliLMli' niualk. that thf *• l;iithfi:l 

., ( f .ill wars an- n cords nf ju« vi-n'iihh- 

;;.-.'. •ll'M.i.-i- and d» lilli. it is lln.^l■^s to 

•' rhi-^ tiiith. tor \\i- all knew it. i^nt it 

: ; ..III t.jir lat« st s.-rniw. th'- Ciinitiiii 

:• j.i... tli.:t liatis th«' iIm- of aiiN saiiitaiy 

. M.ttiMii iii thi.s cninitry.'" [CtH al l>nlaiu ] 

■■ 1 i-niuiN nt" sicKin-ss and mortality 

J;-]', h ♦■■I;m V. ;,i tiiosi- |i.iiMalnlit sta- 

»..■ id .\h' V th*' l«i'»>< s lia\f idw.iys 1h » 11 

i,'..,;ii. priMiit to US tin- lii«i>t r» liiaik- 

..". . oi.f.niiin..^ all that Li.rd JkrlHit. 

.. :.Mi.. .i'", aiid th«- a'hoial* -^ ot >aidtary 

.. . .' I • .. iliiifl, and j|o\ii;'.^ th:it tin- work 

..! . . i.i !h«- S.mitaiy Ccnnnission oi tiur 
.■•. {•..-•d upon sunndist nasdidn^and 
' ! [.;.d.inthro|iir ih-siu'H^. U «■ iiuotf thi' 
,!. I.I.I tiatioii orilirlat« vt ri Milts oflitt- 
iii ihi i;ii!i:di aiiny liy iiH Jins t»l' sini]ih' 
. ill |.To\i nil nts in j'aii'jis, haiiacks, hos- 
. ' .1 ihi- iMH- o| troops: 

!• I oiiii-ial nlnin^ «•!' sii-kin ss and 
;.-. .M.'-i- ' th.- ^.rlti•^h torn s [in siiit tlu- 
. ...... !,f iip'iii this snlij. i-t. In .lan:::ica, 

•I, , ,». imnii dis« .i^f h:is :alh n. *-inir tin' 
' ,.• Mill v.. IS cirri, d into t-th-ct. Ironi *J<'.il 

■ i ».. .•'• Ill Tritii.la.l. lioni 1('«; to n .in 

I. :l,' I .1 -;. iVolli "i^ to •'.: in St. Lucia. 

■ ' • . I III Ihiil.^h (Jiii:in.i. lioni 71 to i\: 

! 1,. Ill l«". to In; in Nti\a S<'oti:i. from 

, . N. ■-. f..iindlan«l, tit-ni 11 to •! : in IJi r- 

-, ■J-' t" **: in (iihialtar. lioiu Jl to 7: 

:.-. Ill l."i ti) 1": in Jimi.i. Iroiu l.'i lo 

.' tin- mort.dity r« duf«d. at till 

■.'•1. . fioni 7'" ■> to th • l.i'oo li\in^', 

!. • -. i.i-.v iooi* ;it a ^U'lm.aiy of tin' 

• ■■ li.-iM h .'*^anii.iry (■oniniissi«iij"s 

' : ,■ I dmiti-^' th" y- ii-. ls;i.~»-ri. 

: ;, -..ii-..' I»ii' 1" -ynnpsi' ot tin- nsults 

•. • '1 tif ^.riti.•^ll .•- ijiitiry Coin- 

t ii!;|. .'. •...- a!»- !id« l>t« <l to u 

; . I Ml- d St.i't -i S.mi: ir\ i'oinniis- 

.:..; ♦ }.!■ -, . vldl'it J I..- tutid and 

■ •, '..■■- '<! -I'l.Tii-- nd mortality 

.-.•..•. ;.': ti.-- < r;::." n «a:np;iiu'n, 

.•;.-■ :.:. ' : -Ii'- d;-' .i ■ -^i-nd dt :iths 

• : . t .r !'.:■*. ;i jv r:od -•! MX months 

.1. I . * •;.' <-.i;. ,1 m-inn-nt ol 

■: ':.' ."^.'..'..T. rv <■ -i; .•..;v,>i,,n. viz.: 

. y ! . J :.... i-Vr. :■ .d. >-.-oiiil, ii 

: -;•• : .' .'i*;:-, Ii-M -i ii. . i:y t-) .Iun»\ 

■ ■ r *.:. "• v.'.ii.-, j'-r ^..?: '.iiy iniiirdvi-- 
.. . i 1- ill -'-d ih-ir 1' _'•! :i,.it'.- losidts. 

'. .- • / 'l.iii.^ in th. .M.di..-al Stutl", 



ainoiiLj Conimissioned Officers, the T.niul Trans- 
port, and Iho Moiiiiti-d Ci)ri>s as irtll ns all 
uitirti'tl irminils or (U^iUts in hntU*\ jirr* c-xdutleil 
lioni Iht-sr tallies: ulwi ueiiily ">,tu»0 caM«-H of 
sickm ss that faihd to W piojiiily re^-islt-red 
durinf,' tin- t-.nly period (»f the eauipai^n.] 



Hi hi H je'i'.il'il.'/ .*' 

Ill I'ly'i Army i 



.'••.kn^Afaiiil mnrt-tfitif fnnn Dit^^x t in 
.' Exit, frum April llK.'i. IWH. to Ju-'3f 



M'MUKU or CAhKM OF KlfKNESfl. 



Frmn Ft-vtrn 

iJisfu^cH ni LuDf'h 

•• IfciWllH 

•• ('h'.lrni 

S'iir\y , 

'* niihtliiiliiiiii 

rii< rs mat IJoiln , 

•• all t-tln-r ili«. ujh-h , 

Tdtal niiiiilK-r ca»*i-K. , 



7''' ntf j-iT cut. i.ffhr t'ufxT'- lU'wif — fii'l' nnd tlyintj /itim 
iiif,,}<r~tiiiriiuj ino jteii'-lt nj'fix muulkt rii«A, a$ uborf 



•M,i:v\ 


3.4:>3 


l-i.:w-2 : 


5,!»W 


5.'i.7»-.:> 


T..M4 1 


4.^*2 


•J.aiM-. 


178 


a.:i«H 




1J..-.42 


M 


:iT..M:i 


3,2:iTy 


iivj.47a 


i^oriH 



I8r4. 



I Ilato R.ttn I lUito I Rate 
iU'rri-nt.'pi-ri't.iif ji'm-ut. jHTrt. rtf 
i-ii-L. I dt-uths. .: Mt-k. l di-uths. 

I I ll I 



.liiiiuarr . 
riliruiirv , 
Miir.li .... 
AlTil . ... 
M.i\ , 



...I 



Juiii- 



34. H 


U.7K 


».;< 


—.18 


'i:<.o 


H.J (5 


1 "•' 


—.OS 


VJ.'A 


4.r..s 


' H.i 


— .WJ 


I4.U 


i.m; 


7.- 


— ,07 


U\.2 


i.«:n 


f..- 


^.t)6 


•2T^.•^ 


•j.t'M 


;i.i'. 


—.02 


W^M 


'2H.H-2 


41.7 


-.5* 



' ■ .1 u- r^'.an Hk t k, «-, A pr ii, i '•.■ 1 . 



tlb. 



Thus the fui-t is deinoiiKtrattd, hy the most 
uinriinj^ statistics, that duriiij^ the period bo- 
j.:inniii.i^ ei^ht months alter the eiiinineueeuieiit 
Dlnlornis l»y the Sanitary Commission in the 
C'rinna. thr siikm ss in the army wiis reduced 
tu \ss than ('n'-th!rd of thut which prevailed 
until tliosv It dorms were inuiiguiutt-d. the cxiiet 
ratio of that d.ciiase Indii^jj iis l,:i.V.l to 417, or 
1:I'.J-1."):JI \Vhile the niortidity- \ihi«h is the 
mor«' sit:nilirant test of the lUility of n^auitary 
imiuovcHMnts presents the marvelous con- 
trast of "J.S.s-J to -.'). or 5,:i«;i to KH»: I ;. c., the 
latr <if mortality from di.siiise in the army, after 
the W(»rk of sanitary nform had heen lully in- 
au;4urattd. was /i.s.v than an*: fft}f'S*vtiith of tho 
rati- of mortality that ])rev:iiled durini^ the same 
U nuth of time preeedinj,' tho reform. 

It is worthy the mmirk. that, while the sta- 
tistics show that considt'ruMe sickness con- 
tiiund to prtvail during' the latter or iin- 
j)rovi-d i>eriod, the nc(^rds of the army hos- 
) lit a Is exliihit the fact that the purlicuhir 
disi-asis thut w»Te JHo.sf r'nnnknhfy dlinin- 
ish»il \\\Yv. those ^hieh s;initary mexsures are 
kn.iwii to jireviiit or j^reatly diminish, \iz., tho 
zynmtic diseases, isuch as fevers, and those 



* Thi.s (—..'>. Maiw.'i tliat the mortality during thrwe 
, liiJ't »-i\ iDoiitlit wuj. Hilly hulf of one jT'^nt., or at tho 
\ T»\.' «A ix-Aclly ant |ht c^nl. jt*r nn/ium, wbieh would giv* 



The Sanitary Commiasum Btdletin. 



467 



f ■ " fhiit are so largely represented m the 
■ Hi the for eg oiDj;^ dibits. 

x^...*. .i,iij worjderful tmprovfimeBt in hei^ltht 

Tphfci WtUJ the saZvadon of the British forces 

in tJie Crimea, was directly imA positively de* 

Pftideiii upon samtfiry icorkji and ptfivtjitlm 

l^€h\c mffiffjrejf, ia a fact confessed alike by 

, t£« luilitary and medical officers of tho^e forces. 

And in fartUer isorroboration of thut fact, it 

dhonld be Btikted that while the British troops 

■were thus b«iiig reiscm^d from the fatal disease 

Ihut hiid threutened to moke Iheir eii<3ampment 

m Golgodia. the FreiAch camps, though located 

more trtvoratolj, nad within a rifl&'s range of 

Ihtf Britieh, continaed to ^row more and more 

1 fiickly dnritig all the time of the ^mud improve- 

mesiit In the eamps of their aUiea* In the 

I latter^ th«> beat s^Loitary board, while in the 

I iormtx (the Frtneh camps) sueh regnlatians 

were ntterly neglected, ''until," as a distin* 

f pniflhed historian of the war has said, -^with 

I ibe Fneneh army, peace become a miiii^jkry necM* 

The Crimean SaniUfy Commission consisted 

of three gentlfaroen, viz.. Dr. Sutherland. Dr. 

Jlilroy, and Hr. Itawlemion, a civil engineer, 

£ach <jf tli^M cmnrnLfffiomrs had, for several ytars^ 

•n^e stimtary s€kfifE and U^ appHtaiions a sptcial 

tiuii^. They pi Ofteded ^3 the Crimea in April, 

lS5ij, takin^i with them upwurdsof thirty akilkd 

I ^ai^ist^nt^ aud laborers, together with such iiu- 

ptem^ntiS and appaoitii^ as they knew would be 

I nM|uired in the ventilatioij and sewerage of ho*- 

I |»itata and bairaeks, the deauKiug and drainage 

of encampments, and the puriheatiou and disitt* 

' fiectioD of transports and shlpsi. Amottg these 

taeans were pipe tubing. drtiiiuLge pipes, jilter^t 

Lieii thoosand square feet of pedo rated £iuc! 

f tdales for yentilation* hinges, pulley ts, window 

Iflxtores^ a ship load of petLt elmrcoal, kc., is/a. 

iXamediately opon arrival on the lloiiphonis 

[and in the Crimea, the simitary workii were 

[ conunene^d ; first, by ihorouE^ti cfemifiiag, bath 

I within and without, the ho^pitrdu, bftfruikMi, 

Iviidteiits, and in the^e wui-k^ n^^arly one hmn- 

1 men were employed lor many inonthsi; old 

m were cleaned and JJashed; new drains 

lEiiidtf; surface filth, refuse, and decasinjji 

nAU by thmisftTKii f^ carilfMidii^ were remov- 

, Mtd ill«h sources of o0«nse aii could not be 

I were deeply covered with dry t^arth auti 

t obATOoaL Water oouraea, springs, and the 

Apply were deansed and controlled; thi& 

ftsd camping grounds were rigidly in- 

and purified, and an abundant supply 

Iraali air and pure water was erery where 
I in hospital mitl iu camp, and, ho far as 
^e^ the diet and general eomfort of the 
t were improved 
Tho leanlts of this simple aad inexpenmTe 
■iiloaiahed the world, thotigh sftiutaiy 
j« km always promised, and its advocates 
_-^eiiad just eueh results. 
Bftjrs Hiai Nightingale: '*It is the whole 
at of sanitary improvemunt upon a 



had, to the first se^en months of the 

CMnpHiign, amortalityof sittyperceut 

SI amoiig the Uoopafrom disease u/onr; 

* * we had iu the bist si^ 

ft naortalitj not much greater than 

our healthy Gtturdii at home,"— Ft if m 



THE HOSPITAL DmECTOKY. 
Of the magnitude of this work some idea may 
be formed from the foUowinij "Summary of the 
Superinteud lint's Report," w Uich was presented 
at the b)te meeting of Uie Commisaion in Waah> 
ingtou; 

Number of hospitals now reportliig ..... 88 

Humber of regiments reported ... 96^ 

Knmher of names on record. .,*...... .36O,06t> 

Whole nutaber of inquiries ..-,.,, I!),9ft4 

'^Vhole nnmbir of sncceBsful returns 7,523 

Number of personal inquiries ana wared 6, 1 1 1 
Number of inquiries by letter. ,.,._,., 2;!i3l 
Number of inquiries by letter anawared 1,412 
Number of letters written regarding in* 

qniries. . .,...,,..,..*..* 5, 091 

These regiments are distributed among twenty- 
five States, beside twenty-nine from the Eegulor 
Army, There are, also, about three hundred 
and lifty names from Colonuio, tt^'^enty-five bun* 
dred from the Navy, and thirty- five hundred of 
the rebels upon the hooka of the Directory, 

It would be impossible to estimate the amottnt 
of comfort which the establishment of this sonree 
of information ha 4 given to thd friends of the 
soldier liift at home, uncertain of his fate. 



THE SITUATION IN THE WEST, 

Otir readers will, perhaps, not be dia* 
ploOr'^ed to have us give them a brftjf sum- 
mary of tb*? recent progre.'is and present 
eonditioQ of our work in all parts of the 
field 111 no other way can they get a clear 
idea of the state of the gre-at enterprise in 
which, probably, the moat of them are tttk* 
ing aa active part. We there fort* present 
for their coni^ideration an outline sketeh of 
the present iittitude of oar sanitary atr^^irs; 
referring all those who have suflicieat in- 
terest in the subj&ct to lead them to puraiie 
it further, to the detailed reports of geo- 
graphical di.stricta or depairfcmonts ot our 
work, which will be published hereafter. 

Let us premise by saying, that for several 
weeks and monthis, ntt uuUHUul degree of 
quiet has prevailed throughout nearly all 
the military depart menlj*, the whole ener- 
gies of tb© Government being dt* voted to 
preparation for the great struggle known 
to all to be impending. This state of things 
baa produced a certain degree of moQotony 
in our work, which, for the most part, hjis 
consisted iti the «upplj of the current wants 
of hospitals and carnp^, the maintenance 
in full strength and activity of our coa- 
atantly increasing system of Special Relief, 
our Hospital Directory and Inspectorial 
Pepurtmcut. With the exception of the 
iUdated Ked Eivcr expedition, there hag 
been reollj no military movement ctilUu^ 
for special vvctltm cit\ mvt i^jsV, timiX fe<!^ ^\^^ 
ctnevgGiicy \w\i\e,\i 'w*^ \\a.\'si W^ii. ci^^^ «^ 
to meet ia ttia.1^ il It ma-^s "^^ ^ ^i^iSCkS^ 



3 



I*'.-^ 



TJic Sanitary Commissicm BvllHin. 



(•\i ' i \t\ \]u'. tlif-t.'ovi'iy of ii viilc sjn'CMd, 
iiiii li. :iliii«»st univi.rsiil. scorbntii* tiiint 
. !:.■■:.'_: i»iir Inmps. This cuiise, lliongli 
<j. "I'i:;!' iii>i(li«»iisly, -svjis iiidst prcjiiisiiit 
"t (All. ;is it sM]»iu(i tlic viTV Innmlalioiis 
'.t !if..!lli Mini vi^'or i]i tlmse \sli() wei"c to 
iiiMi ...» iMucli i)i l.ntli, tor tlio jinluoiis 

(iiiti : ;; ^i}.iin«l to tin. in. I'lihss fon'i'rt<'«l, 
Mii:» . i-.;l.iitif t<ii(l('iu-y woulil not only im- 
j»uii' tl.(; ( llMM«iicy of nnr troops in (.'Vi-ry 
nii>v« ni<iii, l)iit would ilRrr^■a^^e tlu' iiKJital- 
ily ti<Tii Mniinds icci-iviil on tliu l>uttli'- 
li«'l(l 1(1 :i iri;Jiilnl(lc;^ai't'. This ini]»rndinf,' 
(;vil vjt'^ ^o mrniiihjhlr, that it diMniiniUil 
ill'- ni<.>t ( n(?r^flio UR'ji.surLs for its tiudit-ii- 

tinli. 

In this rljni't, tlio jirniy <»11iri^r.s of every 
jTiuh- r.uilid in the; nm-t h;irnioni(»us v.o- 
ojniwlion witli ihr Siinil:iry Comniis.^'inn, 
Mild tl.innjdi the <'ondiinil' « flurts of tlie 
P<iip!<- iit home, the ( \ininiis^i(m in the 
Th Id, :Mid tin' military and incdn-al author- 
it i»-i, thr tidi; of (jvil was arro.sti-d ami rolled 
l)ai'K. 

'J'ln- i»;:rt takrn hy the Sanitary Commis- 
sion ill this j.'n at ^\ol■k may be inferred 
from ti*n' ani(»unt of tlnir is.sues of anti- 
scoihuiK's, uhieh have hcen made sinee the 
Ist ol .l.inujiry in the WeMrrn Department, 
a.s lolliiw.s: 

^il^^;^) •ra]l,.ns of kraut, :j;jjti*2 gallons of 
])i'-Ki« ■, •S)Mn) l.r.^lu'ls of jjotaloes, 4,»;0U 
IusIh 1.-; of onions, S,r>0() f^allons of ale, 
!!■), Ii:; pounds of eod-lish. 15S,^2M pounds 
ol tlrii ii fruit, -J.'i, 177 ponnds of eondmsed 
milk. i:7,l()S po.'.nds of eondensed beef, 
H villi cwns of fruit; l,i<JO bushels of fresh 
Iniit. l,r,(U) gallons of api^h'-buttt-r, l.tnti 
]>ouiid., of tt'a, l*.),r)<JO ponnds of sugar, K> 
l>o\rs tif oningcs and hnions, 747 eans of 
oy^t.•r:,, lo,r>(;'() pounds <d' butter, with va- 
rioii. otlnrartieh's whieh might ho. properly 
iucliid.d in tliis category, furnished in 
^■mnl!<■^ (iu;iutiti< s. but >jhieh need not bo 
enuiin raod. l''i-om all sourers ■\ve have 
IfsUnKtny that this liberal sup]>ly of anti- 
seoi]»u(ics has bmi miKst ellieirnt in eheek- 
ing llie })rogn'ss of s.-urvy, and in prei>aring 
our nun lor the hardshii>s and easualties of 
tln' impending eami)aign. 

'J'he (luantitiis <'iteel aln)ve Avill doubtless 
apjH ;N- ii^pi'ctably lar.ue. and ^et. when it 
is nMurmbiTcd that ilny have been distrib- 
uted to an army of two hundred thousand 
men, it will be s«'en that eneh one's hhari5 
lias belli small iiuh i d. in foinw r times 
our eiMiris \\«i-e bniit« d to that i»ortion (»f 
our army eeeupving the clith lent military 
ho.«']nt ill's, I'Ut ihe .-I'hr.did lib.rality ex- 
hibit' d by the peeple h:i«*, mole re<"ently, 
eind 1 d us to ri:uli with «'ur giifs a large 
par', ol tlie tioojis in the Ih-M; ;:.h ng wln»ni 
tlu ^l^•et:d^h■s, kiaut. piekles, dried fruit, 
Ac. uiunniateel in tlu' list gi\en al tive, 
It'cndist ilmtcd will 



n ju'h all, and have fully supplied the vante 
of but ii'W. IjVt no one, thejefore, who has 
failed to receive any share of the gifts of 
the Commission, or has received \v hat ho 
lias thought an imidequnte quantity, not 
hastily eonelude and assert that the Sani- 
tary Ooniniission is a humbug, but remem- 
ber how immense is the demund it is ex- 
jieeted to Mij)])ly, Jind how many there are 
whostr elaims upon its eharities are no less 
valid nnd pressing than his own. 

In Kansas, the extreme limit of the west- 
ern oj)erations of the CommiHsion, there 
has been i»rolonged quiet. Most of the 
trooi)s liavo been removed fartlier south. 
Some forees, however, are left at impor- 
tant points. To the soldiera stationed near 
Leavenworth and at Tort Scott, our agent, 
Mr. J. }\. lirown, Hs.sisted by Dr. Slocum,. 
has distributed what^^ver stores lie Las had 
ec»ntrol of. These have not been equal, by 
any m(»ans, to the dennuid. It is hoped 
that with the i»iogress of the season his 
sui)])ly Mill inerease. Mr. Brown's labors 
have been mueh i-nlarged by the multitu- 
dinous e^dls made ui)on him by the contra- 
bands and Southern refugees who have 
ilooked into Kansas, without sui)port, and 
uttt-rly de])endeut upon charity. 

In We.-^t \'irginia, jMr. Trice still acts as 
agent at Wheeling. A new agency has been 
establislii'd, and storehouses opened by Mr, 
Fiaeker, at t.Jallip(.)lis. 

Mr. Butler superintends the distribution 
of stor s as well as the Soldiers' Homo at 
Camp Nelson, where Kev. A. Pay son has 
been as.signed to duty as hospitiii visitor, 
and is doing excellent serwe. 

At Cairo, Mr. ShipiUiUi has been thorough- 
ly occupied with the large and numerous- 
shipments made for points on the river be- 
low. No steamer has been in the charter 
of the Ci)m mission since Dr. Warriner's 
recent visit to Vieksburg— an account of 
which we gave in tlie last number of tlie 
lii'j/m-ft'r. (roods are now sent from Cairo 
as ofti-n as possible by the regular boats. 
Most t)f them go no farther than Vieksburg, 
although some have been forwarded to New 
Orleans. The Cincinnati Branch has sent 
to that point a liberal supply. 

To his varied and engn»ssing duties as 
general agent at Cairo, Mr. Shix>man lulds 
that of superintendent of the Soldiers' 
Home— no slight work in itself. Every one 
beai-s witness to tlu^ thonmghness, system 
and good order which characterize his man- 
agi'meiit, and tv) his kindness and pohte- 
ness t(^ all who comi^ in contact with him. 
At ^lemi)liis, Mr. Carpenti^r still has 
eliarge of the storeroom, and Mr. Christy 
of the Lodge. The relative importance of 
Memphis has very much diminished, but 
the returns show that the Lodge is still en- 
y»\ed by a large number of soldiers otlier- 



Ji/nrlt'cndist ihutcd wUh a gt nei'(»us baud. \ y»\ea by a large number ol so 
M'j'th nil our rt sources, and with eviry el- \ wWvMU\vYoV\^fei\.lox\t\.\vv\^\ve issue of stores 
fort, Lowcvtr, ^vc huvv not been able to niowAiU m^ ^^ ^ ^^'^* ^o^^ivawsa ^vyetfc^^s^fc. 



The Sanitary Commission Btdletin. 



469 



The call from the hospitals there is likely 
"to be large, as they will always have many 
inmates as long as battles take place below. 
Mr. Carpenter has recently left for Red 
River with all available stores, and it is 
hoped will do much to relieve the suffering 
in that comparatively remote region. 

Mr. Way has charge of the storeroom at 
Vicksburg, and from this place or directly 
from Cairo, Natchez is furnished. At last 
accounts, there was a good supply at these 
places. 

The hospital steamers that ply np and 
down the Mississippi frequently obtain sup- 

flies of vegetables and delicacies at Cairo, 
t is seldom that they make their appear- 
ance on the Ohio. A short time ago, how- 
ever, the atlmirable and most comfortably 
2nanaged hospital steamer R. C Wood, after 
nndergoing repairs at New Albany, was 
ordered to Red River to receive a load of 
the wounded in tlie late expedition. It was 
the privilege of the Commission to add to 
her supplies hj such contributions as the 
surgeons and experienced female nurses 
made requisitions for. 
f In addition to the special efforts made to 
check the progress of scurvy, to which ref- 
erence has already been made, our work in 
the Army of the 'Cumberland has, of late, 
been almost entirely what may be termed 
current business. This, consisting in the 
maintenance of the numerous stations with 
all the different departments of the Com- 
mission's labor rei)re3ented by thom, has 
now assumed proportions, which, compared 
with our operations in past years, renders 
them almost insio^uificant. 

The agency at Nashville, under the gene- 
ral sjipervision of Mr. Root, Dr. Read hav- 
ing gone to the front, has been so managed 
as to elicit warm commendation from the 
military and medical departments, and from 
numerous civilians who have inspected its 
work, and, so far as known, without a lisp 
of criticism from any source. The store- 
house has been, as in months and years 
past, under the supervision of Mr. Robin- 
son, who, with his assistants, has received 
and shipped the immense amount of stores 
passing through his hands with an accu- 
racy and dispatch in the highest degree 
creditable. 

The Home, under the management of 
Gapt. Brayton, has greatly grown in use- 
fulness, and now accommodates in comfort, 
almost in luxury, about two hundred dis- 
charged and furlough ed soldiers a day. 

At Murfreesboro', Stevenson and Hunts- 
▼ille, our agencies, in the hands of a suffi- 
cient number of experienced and trusty 
men, have been doing each its part in the 
great work of the Commission. 

At Chattanooga our operations have been 
constantly expanding, until it has now be- 
come second to none of the agencies of the 
Oommiagioa in magnitude and importance. 



Dr. Read, as Chief Inspector of the Depart- 
ment, has made this his headquarters, while 
the business affairs of the agency have been, 
as heretofore, under the supervision of M. 
C. Read, assisted by a large cordis of our 
most efficient and faithful agents. Nowhere 
has the value of the Commission's work 
been more generally recognized than at 
Chattanooga, and nowhere have the med- 
ical and military authorities given us 
more unmistakable evidence of their appre- 
ciation and good will. The hospital gar- 
dens at this point are fully realizing our 
most sanguine anticipations. They (Unbrace 
over two hundred acres now in cultivation, 
and are already furnishing large (luautities 
of early vegetables for the use of the troops. 

At Knoxville, the agency has continued 
under the direction of Dr. M. M. Seymour, 
and if wo may believe the testimony of the 
Commanding General of the Department, 
his Medical Director, Dr. Hewitt, the sur- 
geons in charge of hospitals, and others, it 
has done much for the comfort and well- 
being of the troops, both in camp and hos- 
pital, in that department. 

The hospital garden of about a hundred 
acres at Knoxville, in charge of Mr. Cul- 
bertson, is said to be the admiration of all 
beholders. 

Within the last few weeks the energies of 
the representatives of the Commission have 
been directed toward a thorough prepara- 
tion for the struggle which seemed to be 
impending between the Union and Con- 
federate forces in Northern Geprg^ia. With 
this object in view, our force at Chattanoo- 
ga and vicinity was largely increased, a re- 
lief corps organized to accompany the army, 
and a large amount of battle stores, gather- 
ed by contributicms from our Branch Com- 
missions and by purchase, transported to 
the front. The great battles expected have 
not yet occurred, but sooner or later they 
are sure to come. It is believed that our 
preparations are amplo. Among the stores 
now hold in readitiess for this expected de- 
mand maybe enumerated: 5,000 shirts, 5,000 
piirs of drawers, with other articles of bed- 
ding and clothing in like proportion; 5,000 
pounds of coucontratod bocf, 10,000 pound=i 
of condensed milk, 100 barrels of crackers, 
2,00J pounds of dried fruit, 5,000 bottles of 
wine and spirit, 2,000 pounds of but er, 500 
,pounds of tea, 1,000 pouuds of sugir, with 
oranges and lemons, codtish, oysters, ale, 
farina, pickles, saurkraut, vegetables, eggs, 
compresses, bamlages, and whatever goes 
to m ike up the long list of articles needed 
to mitigate tlu^ sufferings of those who are 
destined to fall in the strui^gle. 

With the advaucj^ of the army, frontier 
stations have been established at Cleveland, 
Ringgold and Dilton, where, while we 
write, an efficient cor^-^ ol ^vA\ vsj^v^^sXj*. ^st^., 
as we know, ^n^^^^'X. Vw >\v^At n^q^^s!^ ^^ 
mercy. — Sanitary Rcporler. 



470 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



A SOLDIERS TRIBI:TE. 
Tli(f following poem waH addroHfied to Mrs. 

, by 11 privato of the 16th Kegt New York 

VoIk. IIu had beeu in her cure on board of a 
Sanitary ('ommisHiou boat at White HouKe, Va. 
After he returned to the regiment he sc-nt her 
thi'se lines. Surely no lady has ever received 
u iiion; graceful aeknGvUd^^ment of kindness: 

lYoni ohi St. Paul till now, 

Of li'iDiirabU- wouit-ii not » few 

}Iavc K-ft thfir ffulili'ii <.•«■«•, in Inve to do 

Tliu riaiutly work wbirh Chriflt-like hrartH piirano. 

And Huch a one art tliou— GikI's fair apoiiUe, 
Iti'arixtM Hif( lovo iu war'A horrilk* trulii; 
Thy IiK-cmmI fi>i't folluw Itt* Kliaftly I*aiu, 
And luiMiTj-, aud death, withuut dlHdalu. 

Til (iiii^ iMinie from the buIU-ii l>attlr'B roar, 
Di-ari-r thr i^t-utiug of thy fjt'UtU- i-yti*, 
Wlu'U hi-, aweary, tt>m, and bU't-dlnK lit***. 
Than all the glory that tin.* virturri jtrizo. 

Wlu-n pearr sliall como. and home rliall nmilo ajprain, 
A tluMihand Koldior-hi-arti«. in Northi'm climen. 
Shall tt 11 thrir httlv children iu tin ir rhyiuefi. 
t>l the hweet liaiut who bh'Mied the old war-tiiuca. 

Om thk Chickauomixt, Junf 12, 1HC2. 

A DAY IN TllKOKNTHAL OKKICE DURING 
GUANTi- ADVANCE. 

^AKHiNinoic. J). (.'., M'ly i»3, 18C1- 
I fit down for a iiiomctit. Mr. Kdit<»r. in the 

main bu^lnl•^H tomn of tbe (■ciiiral Oilice of the 

Saniinry Coiii mission. - N F Sirt'tl. 

(Jroup-*^! If.ijuinrss, jh u>ti'n(ly htreani — fathers, 

liiithi'!s. wive^. fihti rs. inntliei> — an* Jiitcrinir. 

ai.d are n-ferred lo the Hpaciourt ofllci:. up Ktairsi. 

ft 

THK llOSi'ITAL IHISKCTOICY. 

All ni;»ht cl« ik< have hcrcii • n^«p<l in enrolling 
in linu'i* r«'.ui."'ti'rs. of whirli tuch Mute has one or 
mill I'. tl»e iiiirues, receivtd iironii)tly and daily 
Iroui the .Mt dieal liiiieau. of tin' .•-ick and wound- 
ed uljo have iM^en bron^ht in to pntTal Lo^'pitaIs, 
and o| the 1< cation and >\ih>\ qiunl history ot each. 
'ilu >•• are airan;jt<l und< r tlit- rr^imtnts to which 
tliey iicioii;:. so tiiat in()uirie:&s|iould alway.<> ^tate 
tlie nuinlitr ot a wunndtd or di ci-a^Ml .-oldier'^ 
re;:inient. and. if po>>ihle, tho Icittr ot his cum- 
pany. 

A >nffic*<ni force sits rrady at the feveral desk? 
ti» make iIm' ne«ded n-fi-rei'd* and ri ply. And 
• ;u'h ii.fjuirir jiiHs away reli«'Ved of Mi>pen^e by 
C(Tt:iiiity ; antl in a iinijoriiy i>t ca><> a eiiie hat* 
been obtained ti iinide to the couch of thi' sufl'tTer 
souLiht. or to !hi> htnd-loiird ot \\\> n«>w-niado 
^lavc. Often it is sn;:^e>t»d, wh«'n tlie iiMli\id(ial 
name is not tonnd. to take from the re^irtcr a 
iiani'- or two from tlic libt of hi> re;:im'rnt. and f'O 
to 1-ain from a wounded oilicer, mes^inat** or 
kin-man. ti:c Ia>t liiat wa^ known of hi> felluw- 
sitldi'.T on the battle-field. 

srniitN iiKMomuiAiiK. 
1 nm call'd away. A soldiiT. furlonL'hrd at a 
hth-pitu). inhty.tw'in^ complianc>* with hi- loiii;- 

iti;-.-. tnr his liomt' iu . <A 15 . — ih 

Vulif..) has been suddenly stopped, whiVc iu 



Hearch of Iuh pay. by hemorrhage of the brachiil 
artery. A bullet bad i^onc through bia arm above 
the eihow. diupmally. while he wan putting a cap 
u|H)n luH };un-lock. and there la a call for lint and 
buiidagpH. with the worda, " I knew the Sanitaiy 
ConiuiiN=>ion would take care of him." He bai 
lieen carried into Dr. Stone's office, and ia soon 
kindly caied fdt- by him, and then conducted to 
the Lod)re on }| Street, where he will be pat all 
right and in dne time forwarded on bia way. He 
is pretty well bleached by lOfcS of bloud. and bif 
hard hand lily-white. 

" I watitrtf'em,-' he aaid. ** ju«t to cut in and 
tie the artery, and make all tight; but the women 
told the doctor Ihey thought it would get on with- 
out; and he ou<;ht not to have minded them. I 
have it tied now, any way. They put otfancttber 
fellow that way. till he bled and bled — and hii 
arm mortitk*d, and then they cut it off, aud then 
he died." 

Well. A will get hiR ligature and a new 

f>hirt into the hargain. and bin transportation — 
perhaps hiR Imck pay. if the roIU of hia regiment 

are in — and tlirn in the fresh air of he will 

HiMtn be *' lighting bia liattles oVr again.'* aud a 
hero. 

liy the way. in bandaging bin arm there was a 
revelation that furniMiCM a bint to 

MAKINU OK DANDAOKa. 

I had ftarti-d with a packet full from the ready 
f(tore> in the otlire ; and. to the great annoyance 
of the operator, (though borne with a piilience that 
(>utiKlud iiK'lf with Mime allusion to *■ the inex- 
perienced goo4l intention of some country girl,") 
an entangling fringe of loose threads bothered 
prodi<:ion.oly. 

Handagc.'I ari> to be made by tearing, nut ftjf 
rutting, the cloth: and. stcimd. all the loote 
threads are to be jficked away, either before or 
after rolling. 

If thf Directory for Sick and >Vounded — con- 
stantly guiding in'quiried by letter, by telegraph, 
and liy mall -wtTe the oidy instruui»*nta of tbe 
Commi>sioH'H function, it would well repjy all 
outlay. 

An' agent of the Christian Commission comes 
in, mem«»randuin book in hand, lie disirei to 
learn th<> whi-realMtut.s of a list of wounded. He 
\a asked by me to write out their names and 
iK'longings 'distinctly on a slip of piip<.'r, and then 
goen up to the Directory. He returns iu fire 
minutes. "Did you find your men ?'* •* Yes, air, 
all of them -aHVixht.** 

" Three thousand gone already to-day.'' 

Many bags, full of letters, are now in the pro- 
cea- ot iN'ing sorted in my sight. They have been 
Inindid in at the tents and sbf*ds of the Sanitary 
Commission ut iSelle I'lain and Krvf^crickslNirg 
- -and at '■ Whit' Oak Church Shanty.*' half way 
U'tween — by thi' wounded, and by the reinforce- 
ments |»:L<i>ing to the Inint. and brought up here 
in the steamers of the Comnil>.''ion. 

St>me hr.ve postage stamps; others, and a very 
large portion, have none. They are carefally 
asoortcd her(>. ]>osiage stamps are attached at the 
expense of the tJuminiAsion. and they are forward- 
ed without delay. What tiitHrr<?turu to the hornet 
thai havi' tilled the treaMirv could lie made? 



JACtUI . OK ItflCUKiAN*. 

Do yon see that bright -eyed, well- formed boj. 
ot Veu \vM« v%\d— the quickest, gayest, uplest of 
Uic VioTV.«:vft'vii \.\i« \«\.Wt tQionoaf— vVl^&%el with the 



The Sanitary Commission BiMetin. 



471 



quick stroke of a trip-hammer, the Sanitary Com- 
miiirioo stamp with his nimble baad, andwhistiiog 
at his work ? 

It is " Jarob." He came in here from a trans- 
port load of wonnded. soiled, begrimed, and foot- 
worn; the son of a soldier, whom he had followed 
in the army, and who had fallen — leaving Jacob 
fatherless. 

What coald be done but to wash, and clothe, 
and welcome him, and give him taskn level to 
his powers? And, now, the brightest, happiest, 

most tooching sight in the office is *' Jacob , 

of Michigan." J. V. 



CAMP COOKING. 

Below is an order is^ed over a year ago to 
the Army of the Cumberland. It contains some 
Lints of great value to the new troops who are 
now taking the field. 

A great military chieftain once said, that 
"beans had killed more men than bullet<i." If 
(his be true, it is not because of any inherent 
nnwholesomeness in the beans, but because of 
the imperfect manner in which they were then 
and are now usually prepared for use. Very 
few of the articles used for food are deleterious 
in themselves; there are none which may not 
be made so by improper preparation or combi- 
nation. Perhaps there is no one mode of cook- 
ing more universal and more mischievous than 
that of frying instead of broiling, and we re- 
spectfully suggest this as the point scarcely 
second in importance to the proper preparation 
of "soup" — which, according to the French 
'makes the soldier": 



GexebAl Ordxbs, No. 76. 

To preserve as far as possible the health of 
the troops of this army, the following regula- 
tions, in regard to diet, are prescribed: 

L When in camp, cooking will be done by 
companies instead of squads. 

II. Soup, made according to the following 
recipes, will be served up to the men, as fol- 
lows: 

IsL Beef soup, when fresh beef can be pro- 
cored, twice a week. 

2d. Soup made from beans or peas, twice a 
week, or oftener if desired by the men. 

Beyond VegelabU Soup for Fifty Men, 

Beef, (cut in pieces of 4 or 5 pound? each) 35 lbs. 

Desiccated vegetables 3 lbs. 

Bice 4 lbs. 

Floor, sugar and salt, each J lb. 

Pepper A oz. 

Water 8 lbs. 

DiredioTM. — Soak the desiccated vegetables 
from reveille until after breakf<ist. Immediately 
after breakfast put all the ingredients into ket- 
tles at once, except the flour; set them over the 
fire, and when beginning to boil diminish tbe 
heaty and simmer down until eleven o'clock, 
I add to tbe soap tbe dour, which has been 



first mixed with enough water to form a thin 
batter, mix well together, and boil until noon. 
Sufficient hot water may be added from time to 
time to replace that lost in boiling. The soup 
should be stirred occasionally, to prevent burn- 
ing or sticking to the sides of the kcttk. 

Note. — To make good beef soup, it must be 
borne in mind that the ingredients are put into 
cold water, and the heat gradually applied until 
near the boiling point, then simmer for several 
hours. By brisk boilinz the exterior of the 
meat is hardened, and its juices will not be 
mixed with the water, but retaineci The meat 
will also be tough and unpalatable. The desic- 
cated vegetables should be well separated when 
put in water to soak. 

Bean Soup for Fifty Men. 

Beans 3 qts. 

Bacon or pork 15 lbs. 

Onions 3 do. 

Pepper J oz. 

Water 8 galls. 

Directions.— So:ik. the beans over night; at 
reveille in the morning put them into vessels 
carefully cleaned, and boil steady until noon; 
then mash thorn with a spoon, or masher made 
for the purpose, and strain throu;^h a cullender 
if practicable 

Immediately after breakfast put the bacon, 
(or pork,) cut in pieces of from three to five 
pounds each, into another kettle with water, 
and boil for an hour; pour off the water, add 
the bacon to the soup, with onions , chopped 
fine) and pepper, and boil until noon. Remove 
the bacon, ami cut into smaller pieces, suitable 
for serving with the soup. 

Note — In the preparation of this soup, soft 
or rain wat^r should l>e used where practicable, 
and if a less qu mtity than that directed be put 
into the vessc^l, or if it becomes necessary, from 
long boiling, to add more, it should be boiling 
and not cold water. The bacon, after par-boil- 
ing, can be placed near the fire if the beans are 
not sufficiently soft to m ish well. The reason 
for directing thst the bacon be added after the 
beans are done, is that grease of any kind 
hardens them. 

When peas are used in lieu of beans they 
should be treated in the same manner. 

III. All commanding officers are charged to 
see that these orders are strictly enforced, and, 
that there may be no negligence on the part of 
company cooks, company officers will inspect 
the cooking every day, and see that it is prop- 
erly done. 

IV. The special attention of officers of the 
Inspector Greneral's Department will be given 
to this matter, and they are directed to r>)port 
the execution or neglect of these orders, by 
every regiment in the department, in their 
semi-monthly inspection reports. 

V. The senior medical officer on duty with 
each regiment, will make a written report, on 
Monday of e;ich week, to the Medical Director 
of the Department, through the intermeiiiate 
medical officers, stating the number of times 
soup has been served to the men during the 
week, the kind, and the quidity of the cooking. 

The impoitance of wholosoiuo food cannot be 
over-estimated, and the Gvia^ral 0<ivs!L\aasv\xft% 
enjoins upon tiift cotiitaftXii^vajg; qS&5^t q>\ «^w:^ 
regiment tkeneoeaaiV} ol «niox<i\\i%>iis«aft^x^«»» 



472 



The Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 



Iin[ini|Mr jiiid hiuUy cooki'd food, catni at un- 
Kca*<'.n.ilil(! liourH. is the cause of mncli of the 
KickiK vs which thm» our rnnks und lilU our 

h()Si»itals. 



NOTES ON NVllSING. 



WHAT I-OOI). 



I ha\c kiiowu jMiticiits live for iimuy months 
witliout liiiirhiiif^ biTJK^, hecanso they couhl uot 
eu( liijli' IS hn-arl. Th<!Ke wtTc mostly couiitiy 
patients, Imt not all. ll»>nie-nind«i bnml or 
liroNYu In ad is a most inijK)rtaiit artir-U- of diet 
f(»r naiUN patients. TIm' use of aperients may 
be rutiiily bujjersoded by it. Oait cake is 
anollur. 

'J'o vatch for the opinionR. then, \vhi«-h tlie 
patifiits stomach f^ivi-s. rather than to read 
'♦ ar.alvus of foods," i.s the business of all those 
who havi- to settle what the pati«.nt is to eat- - 
peihaps the most impoitunt thin;,' to bo pvo- 
\idcd for him alter th«' air he is to bn-athe. 

Now the meilical man who m-vs the jjatitnt 
only nnr»' a day, or even only once or twice H 
wci k, cj-nm-t p( ssibly t( 11 this withf-ut the as- 
Bistanci' of the j»atitnt himself, or ot those who 
ari- in ctnistant observation on the jiatient. 'J he 
ntmnv^t the meilical man can tell iH whether the 
patii lit is weaker or stron^^ur jit this visit than 
lie Was at the last visit. I should therefore say 
that iiiccmpaiably the most im]w»itant office of 
thenursr, after she has taken care of the ])a- 
tient's air. is t(^ take care to observe the etkct 
of his tood, and rtpoit it to the medical atten- 
chint . 

it is quite incalculable the pood that would 
certainly it'mi' from such M.'./y.^/ and tdose ob- 
scrvatiitii in this almost nci»ltct<.d bran< h of 
nursin-. or the help it would j^ive to the medi- 
cal man. 

A u'l I :;t deal too much np^ainst tea is said by 
wise ]>« j.])h'. und a j^ieut deal too much (^f tea 
isj^ivmtii the sick by foolish i»t(]»h\ When 
you .-» «• tlu' natural and almost universal crav- 
iui; in Jn^lish si<'k for their "tea," you cannot 
but fi 1 1 th:t nature knows what she is about. 
But a littli tc;i or colfee restores tluni tpiite as 
much as a ^nat ileal, and a fs'reat deal of tea, 
and espi lially of Ci'fft e, imiKiirs tlu? little power 
of diLji slij'ii they have, "iet a luirse. because 
bhe s» es li».\v one or two <Mips of lea or coflee 
nstons her j)atient, thinks that time or lour 
cups will d«» twice as much. Thij< is not the 
case at all; it is, howevi r. certain that there is 
iiolhiii.; yet di^covt red which is a st.bstitute to 
the J:n!.lish i»atient for his cujj of ti ji; he can 
take it when he can t;tko notl ini^ ehe, and ho 
often <itnt take any thin^ else if he has it not. 
I should be v(^ry f;la«l if any of the abus«rs of 
tea wdulil poiiit out what to jzive to an Kiiftlish 

fatitnt, after a sleepless ni^^ht, instead of tea. 
f you jj;ive it at five or six o'cloc^k in the nnun- 
ing, he nuiy even sometimes fall asletp alter it, 
and get ]»trhapH his only two or three hours' 
sleep duiing the twenty-four. At the same 
time, you nevir slmuld give tea or colhe to the 
sick, as a rule, after five o'clock in the after- 
no( n. Nlcephssness in the early nipht is from 
oxciteiiunt «4eniii.]ly, aiid is increased by tea«»r 
eoM^r; .<.J<'r/Je.ssne.*'s v.iii«-h continutH to the 
early wni niuf^ is irom rALaiisti(»n often, and is 
miievcd by tea, Ihe only Englisli palitnta 1 



have ever known refuse tea, have been trpbnB 
cases, and the iiist sign of their Retting better 
WiLS their cra\-inR again for tea. In general, the 
dry and dirty tongue idways i>refer8 tea to cof- 
fee, and will quite decline milk, nnlesH with tea. 
Cofft'e is ft 1)etter reHtorative than tea, but a 
gn ater impairer of the digestion. Let the pa- 
tient's taster decide. You will say that, in cai^es 
of great thirst, the patient's craving decides 
that it will drink 'a tjrrdt lUal of tea, and that 
you cannot help it But in these cases be sure 
that the patient requires diluent for quite other 
purposes than quenching the thirst; he wants a 
great d«'id of some diink, not only of tea, and 
the doctor ^ill order what he is to' have, barley 
water or h monade, or soda water and milk, as 
the case may be. 

It is made a frequent recommendation to per- 
sons about to incur great exhauKtion, either 
from the nature of the service, or from their 
being not in a state tit for it, to eat a piece of 
biciul before they go. I wish the recommenders 
would themselves try the experiment of substi- 
tuting a j)icce of bn ad for a cup of tea or coffee, 
or Ixef-tea. as a refresher. They i^c^nld find it 
a \€r\ poor comfort. When soldiers have to set 
out fasting on fatiguing duty, when nurses hare 
to go fnKting in to their patients, it ii* a hoi 
restorative they want, anel ought to have, Wfore 
tliey go, ne»t a Void bit of bread. And dreodfal 
liave been the' consequences of neglecting this. 
it' they can take a bit of bread vcifh the hot cup 
of t*.a, so much the better, but not hifffend of it. 
The fact that there is more nourishment in 
bread than in almost any thing else, has proba- 
bly induced the mistake. That it is a fatal 
mistake, there is no doubt It seems, though 
Very little is known on the subject, that what 
**a.s.siniihites*' itsedf direct jy, and with the least 
tremble of digestir-n with /the human body, is 
the- best for the above circumstances. Bread 
reepiiies two or three processes of hssimilation 
be tore it bceeimcs like the human body. 

The almost universal testimony of English 
men and women who have undergone great 
fatigue, such as riding long journeys without 
stopjung, or sitting up for several nights in suc- 
cessif)n, is that thej- could do it best upon an 
occjisirinal cup of tera, and nothing else. 

Le:t eiperiencef, not theorj*, decide upon this 
as upem all other things. 

Lehman, queited by Dr. Chrij?ti son. says that, 
among the Well ami active, *'the infusienof 1 
oz. of roasted coffee daily will diminish the 
wa^-te" going em in the body *' by one-fourth,* 
ami Dr. Christison adds that tea has the same 
l»roi»erty. Now this is actual experiment Leh- 
man Weighs the man, and finds the fact from 
his weiight It is not deduced from any •* anol- 
}sis"e)f food. All experience among the sick 
shows the same thing. 

In making coffee, it is absolutely necessary to 
])uy it in the berry and grind it at home. Other- 
wise ye)u may reckon upon its containing a cer- 
tain amount of chicor}*, ni Itast. This is nut a 
epiestiein of the taste, or of the whole.somencss 
of chicory. It is that chicory has nothing at all 
of the propertie-s for which you give coffee. And 
therefore yeiu may as well n(»t give it 

Again, all laundresses, mistresses of dairr- 
famis, bead nurses, (I speak of the good old 
sort OTi\>-— "vvMwen who unite a good deal o 



The Sanifanj Commission BtMeHn^ 



473 



r^uj for armngintf thts dtkfp bn«ine?a, ^a tbot 
I tloii« of it Jthnll tread tipon the be eh nf «nme< 
kfhing else.) aet ^rcat viil«e» I hiive observed, 
[Itpoii liATiiig tt high-ymcc-^l tefi. This ifl caUed 
l^ztr&vagfuit Biii these? wnuipn are *' extra v^- 
I'^nrin p.^n,,.i.r .i^r-.. And liir^y are ri0it in 

fftamtiTe r. ; , wMc^h U not to be found 

xa gloe-li'iu U'4. 

The* mistrfefSflesof liotwes, who cannot eren fTf> 

«fter theiF own hofOM ouoo ii diiy, fire incapable 

J«C jadgiziR for thfito wotiiea. For tbey are in- 

I salable theninelt^. to olL ftppejirauce. of the 

'^^rit of iirrangement (oo flinall tnak) neeeiBaiy 

r manftj^ng » large ward or dairy, 

Coi^oa IS often feeommefided to the mcfc ia 

iett of tea or <?o|fee. Hut, indepeiidontly of the 

^-* that Etif^diwh fiiek very i^en^ndly disliko 

^, it h kH quite i\ dirt'erent effect from tea or 

It h an oil>% stjircby unt, hnvin^ no 

« power ftt ftll, but simply in cr<^u^ing 

i puTB mookery of tb*- sick, thsrefort^ 

> eaJl It A atibstittite foi- tea. For any renovafc- 

ng stimultifl it has, you might just as well ofler 

hem chest nntH Insf^eAtl of i*ft. 

i iilmoftt niiiVHmtd error among nurses is in 
I bulk of the food, antl ysp^ctally the drinks, 
bey offer to their patients, ftuppo^e a patient 
"ndered 4 03:. brandy darini^ the day, how is he 
i take this if yoii make it into fonV piuts with 
Uuting it? The same vritb tea stnd bt^eftcii, 
^th arrowroot, milk, &e. You ba?e not in- 
ereasedthe nottrisbment, yoo have notincreiiaed 
i3b» renovating pt^wer of thff«e articWs, by jn- 
enMQg their bidk— you hava very liki^ly di- 
ffiiniabed both by giving the patient's digestion 
mope to do» arid mont likely of all, the patient 
will leave half of what h© has been ordered to 
kikf^ because be cannot swallow the bnik with 
w^eli you hay© been pleased to invest it. It 
tv^ltrM vdiT nice obaervation and cuTe (and 
iDoeta with nardly any) to deti'nnme what will 
aofl be too thick or strong for the patient to 
tftk^, while giving him no more than the bulk 
which he is able to swallow* 

beh and BEDmito, 

A few wonU npon bedsteads and bedding; 
mni\ prindpiilly &a r^j^ards piitienta who sre 
entirtiy, or almost entirely, coiiGued to bed. 

Feveriabn^sft is Renem'lly supposed to be a 
■ymptom of fever— in nine e>\^f,H uiit of ten it is 
& symptom of bedding. The patient has had 
re-inta-odnced into" the botly the emaiirttionH 
from hiiusttf which day after day and week 
mfler week sitnrate his unaired bedding. How 
can it be otherwise ? Look at the ordinary bod 
in whi ' ■- nt Ilea, 

If I lut' out for nn example in order 

t<^ *h- / to do^ I i^hould tiike the speci- 

n 11 1 ! : iinary bed in a private honii«: a 
'fl'i' ' " 'L ^" '^-1 i^ip two or even three mattresses 
piled up to ahove the height of a t^ble; a val- 
ance ait^iched to the frame— not bin ?> but a 
aoiract ' ' var thoroughly diy or air 8iieh a 

bvdwi The pat en must inevitably 

altem..L -.11 cold damp alter bi^s bod is 

made, and w»rm damp before, both saturated 
with OTfjinio matter, jmd tbitj from the lime (he 
rj r^re put tmder blm till the time they 

^ i-'T preoea, if this in ever done. 

u ^ *yu tKHisidtT that an adolt iu health e^thalea 
by the lou^s satl nkiu in ih& e*veij*y-four hooTB 



throe pints at least of molsfcnre, loaded with 
organ ie matter ready to enter into pntrefoiction; 
that in fiicknesH i\\v quaniity ia often greatly 
increiLHed, th^* quality is atwa^vn more noxiouji— 
just ask yourself next where does all this mois- 
ture go to ? Chitiiy into the bedding, becauie 
it cannot go any where else. And it atay» 
there- because, except perhaps a weekly change 
of aheet»f scarcely any oiher airing is attempted* ^ 
A nurse will be careful to fidgetiness about 
airing the clean sheets from elean damp, but 
airing the dirty f»heet8 from noxious damp will 
never even oce^ur to her. Besides this, the most 
dariRerous effluvia we know of are from the 
e^ereta of the sick —these are plaeed, at least 
tempomrily, where they must throw ihc^ir eOn- 
via tnto tlie under aide of the bed, and the spoee 
under the bed is never aired; it ciinnot be, with 
our arrangements. Must not such a bed be al- 
ways saturated, and be always the means of re* 
introducing into the system of the unfortnuate 
patient who lies in it, that exereuientitiou* 
matter to eliminate which from the body nature 
had expres-nly appointed the disease *i 

,My heart always sinks within me when I hear 
the good honselwife, of every elass^ say, **I 
assure you the bed has been well alept in," and 
I can only hope it is not true. \Vliat? is the 
bed already saturated with somebody else*s 
damp before my patient comes to exhale in it 
bis own damp ? Has It not had a single chance 
to be aired ? No, not one, ** It has been alept 
in every nlghL'* 

The only way of really nnrsing a real patient 
is to have an iron, bedstead, with rheocline 
springs, wbieh are permeable by tlie air np to 
the very mattreasr, (no valanee, of eourNe, ) the 
mattress to be a thin hair one; the bed to be 
not above 3| feet vride. If the patient l»e en- 
tirely confined to his bed, there »houhl be Um 
such bedjiteads ; each bed to be **made" witJi 
mattrefis, sheets, blanketi, &a, conjplete—the 
patient to paas twelve hours in each bed; on no 
account to carry his sheets with him. The ^ 
whole of the bedding to be hung up to air for 
each intermediate twelye hours. Of course 
there are many cases where this cannot be don© 
at all— many more where only an approach to 
it can be made. I am indicating the ideal of 
nursing, and what 1 have ac^tnally had done. 
But about the kind of betlstead there can be no 
doubt, whether there be one or two provided. 

There in a prejudice in favor of a mde bed — 
I believe it t*j be a pr^ijudice. All the refresh- 
ment of raoviuR a patient from one side to th9 
other of bia i^ed is far more eflectoally secured 
by putting him into a fre»h bed; and a paldent 
who is reaity very ill does not atray tar in bed. 
But il is suid there js no room to put a tray 
down on a narrow bed. No good nurRo wiU 
ever put a trfiy on a bed at all. If the imtient 
can titm on bis side, he will eat more comfort- 
ably fiom a bed side table; and on no aecotmt 
whatever should a bed ever be highef thaa & 
sofa- Otherwiae the i«itient feek himself ** out 
of humanity's rendi;" he can get at nothing fot 
himself; he can move nothing for himself. If 
the patient cannot turn, a table over the bed ii 
a better thing. I need hardly say that a patient's 
bed should never have it« side against Iho wall 
The nnrse must be ksHa to ^^ ^WMftVg V& ^i^Co. 
Hides of tlie bed, iviid U> ieiie\\ t^^scvX^ ^set^ ■^«3ei. 
of the ptitieal -wilkoTiS. %\:£^\A^\axi^~% ^^2^31% Ssct- 



474 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



possible if the bed be either too wide or too 
hi;^h. 

Whim I ROB a patient, in a room nine or ten 
foot hifjh, upon a bed between four and live feet 
hip:h, with his head, when he in sitting up in 
bed. aetuuUy within two or three feet of the 
ceiliu;^. I a.sk myself, is this expressly planned 
to produce that peculiarly distressing fueling 
common to the sick, viz., as if the walls and 
ceiling were closing in upon them, and they 
becoming sandwiched between floor and ceiling, 
which imagination is not, indeed, here so far 
from the truth? If, over and above this, the 
window Ktoi>fl short of the ceiling, then the j)a- 
ticnt's head may literally be raised above the 
stratum of fresh air, even when the window is 
open. i\\\\ human perversity any farther go. 
in unmaking the process of restoration which 
God has made ? The fact is, that the heads of 
sleepiTs, or of sick, should never he higher than 
the throat of the chimney, which ensures their 
being in the current of best air. And we will 
not suppose it possible that you have closed 
your chifiim*y with a chimney board. 

If ji bud is higher than a sofii, the difference 
of the I'a'igue of getting in and out of bed will 
just make the difference, very ofUm, to the pa- 
tient (Who can get in and out of bed at all) of 
beincj able to take a few minutes' exercise, either 
in the open air or in another room. It is so 
very odd that people never think of this, or of 
how many more times a patient who is in bed 
for th«' twenty- four hours is obliga^l to get in 
and out of bed thtin they are, who only, it is to 
be hopvid, get into bed once and out of bed once 
during the twenty-four hours. 

A patient's bed should always be in the light- 
est spr)t in th(j room; and heshould be able to 
see out of v^imlow. 

I need scarctily say that the old four post be«l 
with curtains is utterly inadmissible, whether 
for hick or wirll. Uo.spit^il bedsteads are in many 
respects very much less objectionable than pri- 
vate on(js. 

Thove is reason to believe that not a few of 
the upj) ireutly unaccountable cases of scrofula 
among children proceed from the habit of sleep- 
ing with the head under the bod clotht^s. and so 
inhailing air already breathed, which is farther 
cont^uuiuated by exhaluitions from the skin. 
Pati(5nts are sometimes given to a similar habit, 
and it often happens that the bed clothes are so 
disposed that the patient must neiiessarily 
bruathe air more or less contaminated by ex- 
halati.»ns from his skin. A good nurse will bo 
careful to attend to this. It is an important 
part, so t^> speak, of ventihition. 

It may be worth while to remark, that where 
thure is any danger of bed-sores a blanket should 
nevtT be placed nmler the patient It retains 
diimp and acts Hke a poultice. 

Never use anything but light Whitney blankets 
as bed covering for the sick. The heavy cott(jn 
impervious counterpane is bad, for the very 
reason thiftt it keeps in the emanations fn>m the 
sick pcjrson. while the blanket allows them to 
pass through. Weak patients are invariably dis- 
tressinl by a great weight of bed clothes, which 
ofk-u prevents their getting any sound sleej) 
what Vi'r. 

Ono word about pillown. Every weak \>a- 
ijffiit, ho his illneHu what it may, snft'erH 
more or Joss from difflcaJty in breathing. To 



take the weight of the body off the poor 
chest, which is hardly up to its work as it ifl* 
ought therefore to be the object of the nurse in 
arrangin g his pillows. Xow what does she do and 
what are the consequences? 8he piles the pil- 
lows one-a-top of the other like a wall of bricks* 
The head is thrown npon the chest And the 
shoulders are pushed forward, so as not to allow 
the lungs to expand. The pillows, in fiiot lean 
upon the i)atient, not the patient upon the pil- 
lows. It is impoa^ible to give a rule for ua», 
because it must vary with the figure of the pa- 
tient. And tall patients suffer much more than 
short ones, because of the drag of the long limbs 
upon the waist Bat the object is to supporti 
with the pillows, the back Mow the breatning 
app.iratus, to allow the shoulders room to fall 
back, and support the head, without throwiajg 
it forward. The suffering of dying patients is 
immensely increased by neglect of these points. 
And many an invalid, too weak to drag about his 

Eillows himself, slips his book or anything at 
and behind the lower part of his back to sup- 
I)ort it 



It is the unqualified result of all my experi- 
ence with the sick, that second only to their 
need of fresh air is their need of light; that, 
after a close room, what hurts them most is a 
dirk room. And that it is not only light bat 
direct sun-light they want I had rather hare 
the power of carrying my patient about after the 
sun, according to the aspect of the rooms,if cir- 
cumstances permit, than let him linger in a 
room when the sun is off. People think the 
effjct is upon the spirits only. This is by no 
means the case. The sun is not only a painter 
but a sculptor. You admit that he does the pho- 
tograph. Without going into any scientific ex- 
po '•it ions we must admit that light has quite as 
real and tingible effects upon the human body. 
But this is not nil. Who has not observed the 
purifying effect of light, and especially of direct 
sunlight, upon the air of a room? Here is an 
observation within everybody's experience. Go 
into a room where the shutters are always shut. 
(in a sick room or a bed room there should 
never be shutters shut,) and though the room 
be uninhabited, though the air has never been 
p.>lluted by the breathing of human beings, you 
will observe a close, musty smell of corrupt air, 
of air I. e. unpuritied by tne effect of the sun's 
rays. The mustiness o{ <Urk rooms and cor- 
ners, indeed, is proverbial. The cheerfulness of 
a room, the usefulness of light in treating dis- 
ease is all-important 

A very high authority in hospital oonstrac- 
tion has said that the people do not enough 
consider the difference between wards and dor- 
mitories in planning their buildings. But I go 
farther, and say. that healthy people never re- 
member the difference between 6«i-rooms and 
.vir/r-rooms, in making arrangements for the 
sick. To a sleeper in health it does not signify 
wh it the view is from his bed. Ue ought neT«r 
t } be in it excepting when asleep, and at night 
Aspect does not very much sigmfy either, (pio- 
\'ided the sun reach his bed-room some time in 
every day, to purify the air,) because he ought 
never to'be in his bod-room except daring tiw 
Yiuur^ ^Yktsu \.\iAT« \« ivo inn. But the omm !■ 
exsoVX:} teNeiMQi -wSSh. )3aa iUk« t 



The Sanitary Commtanon Bidletin. 



475 



be as many hours oat of their beds as you are 
in yours, which probably they are not. There- 
fore, that (hey should be able, without raising 
themselves or turning in bed, to see out of 
window from their beds, to see sky and sun- 
light at least, if you can show them nothing 
else, I assert to be, if not of the very first impor- 
tance for recovery, at least something very near 
it And you should therefore look to the posi- 
tion of the beds of your sick one of the very 
first things. If they can see out of two windows 
instead of one, so much the better. Again, the 
morning sun and the mid-day sun— the hours 
when they are quite certain not to be up, are of 
more importance to them, if a choice must be 
made, than the afternoon Sim. Perhaps ;ou can 
take them out of bed in the afternoon and set 
them by the window, where they con see the 
sun. But the best rule is, if possible, to give 
them direct sunlight from the moment he rises 
till the moment he sets. 

Another great difference between the bed- 
room and the sick-room is, the sleeper has a very 
large balance of fresh air to begin with, when 
he begins the night, if his room has been open 
all day as it ought to be; the sick man has not, 
because all day he has been breathing the air in 
the same room, and dirtying it by the emana- 
tions from himself. For more care is therefore 
necessary to keep up a constaot change of air 
in the sick room. 

It is hardly necessary to odd that there are 
acute cases, (particularly a few ophthalmic 
cases, and diseases where the eye is morbidly 
sensitive,) where a subdued light is necessary. 
But a dark north room is inadmissible even for 
these. You can always moderate the light by 
blinds and curtains. 

Heavy, thick, dark window or bed curtains 
should, however, hardly ever be used for any 
kind of sick in this country. A light white cur- 
tain at the hi-ad of the bed is, in general, all 
that is necessary, and a green blind to the win- 
dow, to be drawn down only when necessary. 

One of the greatest observers of human things, 
(not physiological,) stiys, in another language: 
* Where there is sun there is light" All physi- 
ology goes to confirm this. Where is the shady 
aide ol deep vollies, there is cretinism. Where 
are cellars and the unsunned sides of narrow 
■treets, there is the degeneracy snd weaklines 
of the human race— mind and body equally dc- 
seneratiug. Put the pale withering plant and 
nnman being into the sun, and, if not too for 
gone, each will recover health and spirit 

It is a curious thing to observe how almost 
all patients lie with their faces turned to the 
light, exactly as plants always make their way 
towards the light; a patient will even complain 
that it gives him pain ** lying on that Bi<le." 
" Then why do you lie on that side?" He does 
not know— but we do. It is because it is the 
side towards the window.- A fashionable physi- 
cian has recently published in a government 
report that he always turns his patient's faces 
from the light Yes, but nature is slrougor than 
Cwhiouable physicians, and depend upon it she 
tarns the faces back and toimrtls such light as 
■he can get Walk through the wards of a hos- 
pital, remember the bed sides of private patients 
yoa haTe seen, and count how many sick you 
•v«r saw lying with their faces toward the 
vindomi —Miss JVUghtingaie. 



PROTECTIVE 

OF TILE 

STATE OF NEW YORK. 



OFFICE, 35 CHAMBEBd STEEET, 



PT6Sid6Il1#« 
Lieut. -Gen. WINFIELD SCOTT. 

Vice-Presidents. 
Hon. HAMILTON FISH. 
JOHN J. CISCO, Esq. 
ADMIRAL DUPONT. 
RUDOLPH A. WITTHAUS. Esq. 

Treasurer. 
ROBT. B. MINTURN, Esq. 

Directors. 

HoNS. E. D. MORGAN, GEORGE OPDYKE, 
HIUAM BARNEY, JA8. W. BEEKMAN. Rev. 
H. W. BELLOWS, D.D. Mnasns. JOHN JACOB 
ASTOR, JAMES BROWN, WM. H. ASPINWALL, 
JAS. GALLATIN, HOWARD POTTER, W^I. E. 
DODGE, Jb., THEODORE ROOSEVELT, PETER 
COOPER, GEORGE BANCROFT, DANIEL LORD, 
WILSON G. HUNT, ROBT. L. STUART, ALFRED 
PELL. 

Apply in person or by letter, to 

HENRY GREENFIELD, Sec'y, 

35 Chambebs Street, New York. 



OBJECTS OF THE ASSOCIATION. 

\si. To secure the soldiers and saih/rs and 
their families J any claims for pensions, pay^ 
or bounty y etc., without cost to the daimayit. 

2d. 7l> protect soldiers or sailors and their 
families from imposture and fraud, 

'6d, To prevent false claims from being 
mcule against the Government. 

4th. To give gratuitous advice and infor^ 
motion to soldiers and sailors or their fami' 
lies needing it. 

THE MEKOANTTLE MAKTNE 
INSURANCE COMPANY. 

Pi; 3A Wall Afreet, New York. 

INCORPORATEL) APRIL, 1842. 
Assets over $1,400,000. 



MARINE and Inland Tran««por1ation rlRk^ on VeMela. 
Freitcht an<l Merchandirie injured on the moitt favorabl* 
term«. 

PulieieR arf> inftned. Iom. if anr. paj'able in Gold, or at 
the «mce of RAIUBONE, BROTHERS & CO., Uverpoul^ if 
de-dred. 

rartien effectinf^ insurance at thtA office mxy partlcipaU 
in the Hcrip dividend u( pn RU, or receive an equivaiont 
canh di'«eount, at their own option. 

The riik of war c«>vi»re«l at tlie lowest current rates. 

ELLWOOD WALTER, Pres't 
C. J. Despasd, ^Q(^i«\ax^. 



476 



Hie Sanitary Commisaion BuUdxn. 



THE U. S. SANITARY COMMISSION 

Was constituted by tlio Sorrtrtiiry of War in 
Jmio, ISOl, in aooordimco with tho rooominen- 
diitiou of tlui Snrf,'e<)n-(f«'noriil of the U. S. 
Amiy, and its ap])nintm<>nt and plan of orpini- 
zatit)n wtrre approved hy the Pn'sident of tho 
Uuit(>d States. Its proK(.nt or^^'auization is as 
follows: 

H. W. Bellows. D.D., New York. 

A. D. llaihe, LL.D.. Washington, D. 0. 

F. L. OliiiKtcd, California. 

Go.ori^i' T. Strong, Kscj., New York. 

Klislia llarriH, M.1)., New York. 

W. II. V,iu Burcn, M.D., Now York. 

A. K. Shiras, U. S, A. 

K. ('. Wood, Assistant SurR.-rfi-n'l U. S. A. 

Wolcott Gibbs, M.I)., New York. 

S. (f. Howe, M.D., Boston, ^(ass. 

C. K. A;,Mirw, Ml).. New York. 

J. S. NiwlM-rrv, M.D., Cleveland, Ohio. 

lit. K»'V. T. M*. Clarke. Providi nee. IL I. 

Hon. K. W. Burnett, (!in{-innuti, Ohio. 

Hon. Mark Skinner, (^hiriip^o. 111. 

Hon. Joseph Ilidt, Wushinj^ton, D. G. 

Horace Binney, Jr., Philad«'ljihia, Penn. 

Kev. J. n. lI(iywoi>d, Louisville, Ky. 

J. lluntintitou NVoleott. l^Jston. Mass. 

Prof. Fuinnun Kogers, Philudelphio, Penn. 

C. J. Stille. 

Ezra B. ^IcCagg, Chicago, IIL 

officers: 
H. W. IWI0W8, D.T>., President. 
A. I). Baehe, IX.D., Vice-President. 
Ocoif^c T. Stron^j, TreaHun-r. 
J. Foster Jenkins, M.I)., (leneral Secretary. 
J. S. X<'wheiT}*, M.D., .\ss«»('iate Secret. ary, 
J. IT. I)ou;:l;is, M.I)., AHMooiate S^'cretarj*. 
F. N. Eiiiipp, Associate Secret ar>'. 

STANDING COMMITTJ:!:. 

I[enr>- W. PmIIowh, D.D. 
CiiMiis^o T. Stnmj:. 
William H. Van Buren, M.D. 
Wnlrott Gibl.j*, M.D. 
C. 1:. Aj;iiew, M.D. 



HOSPITAL DIRECTORY. 

Tho S:iTiitary roniiniMHinn h.in mafic arranpomonta 
for Mippl villi,' iiifonimtidii i^ratiiitnuMly. with n-^'anl to 
patiriitH iu all tlif Uiiiti'd Stuti'H (.rfiiiTul IIuBpiUla. 

For iiift>nnati<iii n-Iativr to pntii'iitM in t)io IToHpitalfl in 
Kfw Vi»rk, Ni;\v J<-r8t:y. the Ni'W Enuluml Siati»8, F.iist- 
crn Vir^'iiiia, Miu-rland, IiiKtrict oi Ci)hunl)ia, Nortli 
Cnrnliiiu. S<iu(h Carolina, Florida and LoiilMiana, addrvas 
•'OltlcK of Sanitiiry CommiHHlon, Warthinjjton, D. C'." 

For the lIi'Hpitalfl in Pennpylvania, a<ldn*88 "Offlooof 
Sanitary C'onimianiou, No. 1,U(»7 Chebtuut StrtK.'t, I'hila- 
dc'liihia." 

Fi»r tho llonpltalu In Wist.Tn Vlrtjlnia. Ohio. Indiana, 
niinniri, Mis>*«iuri, Iowa. Ki-nturky. Tcnm-ssi «', MiH»i»- 
aiiifi. and ArltaiiHaH, aildrcaa "OlUcu SaiiiUry Com- 
miiSftion, LouiMvillc, Ky." 

In all r.ist'H tho namo. rank, mmpany, and rogJmcnt of 
thf iMrsi»n in(|uin><l lor Hhonld Im- Kivm, ami whero he 
wa.-< whm last Ih-anl fn>ni. If tho npidiiation i«» by Ifttor, 
thf answer will hv Hcnt by n'turn of mail ; if in rerson, 
it will \h' auHwrrfil at onre ; or If by tt'lojiraph, an 
answrr will be n-tumod immcdiatvly at the iuciuircr'n 

C\l>vllW. 

jetf-AdiliorH* Aid 8<x'i«'tiort, rlorpymon, editorfli. and 

otht rs. I'uu sran-ely Horvi; the eausi- of Lnnianity nioro 

e/n. tiiuJJy than li.r freqnoutly and widely diswimnatinu 

M iiunvjf.iffo of the Bbovv, amuug tUono wliu have Iriuuda 

iu the army. 



SUPPLY DEPARTMENT. 

Tlic Ranitary (/ommiHrtinn, nndcr npecial siithor- 
ity of the rrei4i(lent of the Unit6<1 Statcis, maintaini 
ail exteiiHive hyhtem of agencies for Becuring the 
Hafe cmiveyaiico to, and diritribntion of, goods imt 
i» itH cliAn?o for the sick and wonnded at pomti 
where they are moMt wantetl. It operates with 
equal care and ;:ene.roHity at all pointH — at New Or- 
leans and at Wa.xhin^tori, lH>fore Charleston and at 
Cliattaii(M»<;a— ilif dLMtrihiitioim licinf^ ffovcmed by a 
cfiniparison of the want4« of the patients in all cases. 
The following ii* a lint of depots, to which anxiliarr 
BoeietieM, and all diMp«i!4od to aid the sick ana 
wiinnded. withont refennn-e to Stat^.s or localities, 
but Hiinplv to their relativn noeesisity for aasisi- 
ance, are invited io sen<l their offerings: 

Sanitary CommiHuion, Branch Depot, No. 18 West 
Stn?ct, DoMton, Mjvhh. 

Sanitary Comniir^f^ion, Branch Depot, No. 10 Sd 
Avenue* 5few York. 

Sanitar\' CVminiiMrtion, Branch Depot, No. 1,307. 
ChcHtnut Street. Pliiladelphia. 

Sanitary CuniniiiiMou. Branch Depot, No. 46 
South SIi.irp Street, Baltimore, MiL 

Sanitary ronimirision. Branch Depot, comer \liie 
and Sixth* St rcetrt, Cini'innati, O. 

Sanitary (.'.ininiiHsion, Branch Depot, Na 95 
BaJik Stre'*et, C'l«velaii.l. O. 

Sanitary Com niiHsii Ml. liranch Depot, No. GGUad- 
isoii Street, Chicai^o, 111. 

Sanitary (\minMst«iori, Branch Depot, No. S Ad* 
amV I Hock, BniTalo, New York. 

San it a r>- CimimiHHion, Branch Depot, No. 59 4th 
Street, ritlsbur;;, Tenn. 

Sanitar>- ( -ommiHsion, Branch Dei)ot, No. 32 Lar- 
nud Street, Detroit, Mich. 

Sanitary Coniniitk^iun, Branoli Deix>t, Golumbns, 
Ohio. 

Sanitar\- CommisHion, Branch Depot, Fifth Street, 
IjouiMvillo, Ky. 

The ('oiumisKion receiveH no pecuniary aid what- 
ever from the Uoveninient, and is wholly depend- 
ent on the yoliintarv contribntio'is of the 'public for 
tlie nieann of Hnstalninj; \\t< o))erations. l!k>utriba- 
tions to tlie Tn-ahur}' are solicited, and may be 
trannmitted todenr^o T. Strung, Esq., Treasnrer, 
(kj WaU Street, N. Y. 



RELIEF DEP.XRTMENT. 

General HniHirintondout, Rov. F. N. Knapp, 1 
ton. D. C. ChU'f AMtisUnt, J. H. Abbott. 

Soldicrti' Hoiuo, near BaltiUior« Railroad I>epot« 1 
intstoii, l>. (;. 

K<»ldii'r'f) LiHi^'e. 76 KinRston Street, Boston. 
I Ii«Hl^o No. 4, li Htn-et. iM-twi'itu 13tli aod Utb J 

1.4.>di,'i' No. iS. Mar>'land Avenuu. near Bailroad Sutioo. 
I NnnteH* Home, Wathlnftton, I>. C 

KiddiiTH' Iloiiio. Tlilnl Str(>pt, east of Broadway, Obf 
ciunati, Ohio— v'ol. i\. W. D. Andrews. Snp'L 

Soldient' llouiv. Cairo, IU.— O. N. BUpmaa, Sup't and 
Bi-lief AMfnt. 

Soldit-rH' Homo, Lontiiville, Ky.— James Kalona^ 8ap*t 
Janien Mtirt<iu, Special ItoUuf Affent 

8oldlt>r«' Iloiue, Nasbvillo, Tuun.— L. Crane, 8ap*t and 
Relief At^cnt. 

8<>ldlerfl' Homo. Cnlumbns, Ohio . 8ap*t. 

8«>ldii;r«i' Home, ClcveUuid, Ohio— Clark Warren, Bop^ 
and K«;lii-f A^i-nt. 

Soldiers' L<»<l};e, near landlnff, Memphis, Tenn.— C.W. 
Christy. Sup't and lti>lief Agent. 

Soldiers' Loilgc, VickabiirK, Miss.— T. Way, 8ap*L 

▲GEXCT FOB PESfMOim. 

William F. Bascom. PenMion Agent, WashingtoOa IX 

HOM'ITAL CABS. 

Between WaHhinf{t»n and New York— SoL AsdrtWib 
M. 1>.. 8urge4in in charffe. 

]).tw<>i'ii Now Yi>rk and Boaton, rla Springfield. 

HetwetfU Ixiuinville and Murfr«eabor«>'— Ur. J. P. BH^ 
num. Surgeon in charge. 

amrtABT srcAanm. 
Onm\Mt\axu\ VMvt- *&«« D^aMNa. 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



477 



RECEIVED 

TWO PRIZE MEDALS 





(FROM JURIES 3 AND 4) 

AT THB 



INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, 



Being Sole Awards gained by anything of the kind. I^also received Superlative Report of 
«« EXCEEDING EXCELLENT FOR FOOD.*' 



MAIZENA, 

At the GREAT INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION at HAMBURG, July, 1863, received 
the highest Prize Medal for its great delicacy as an article of food. 

MAIZENA, 

At the FAIR of the NEW YORK STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY, at Utica, N. T„ 
September, 1863, received both Diplopia and Mrpatj. 

MAIZENA, 

AT THE 

PeuusylYania State Fair at Norristowu^ 

Oct. 3, 1863, took Gold Medal. 

** MAIZENA" has also taken the first premium at the Ahebigan Institutb, New York 
City; New Jebset State Faib at Trenton, and at other places — in every instance where 
it has been exhibited. 

" ^fATZENA" has never failed to receive the highest award when placed in comx>eti- 
tion with Com Starch and all articles of like character, after a thorough Microscopical 
and Analytical Examination of disinterested judges. It therefore stands commended to 
the public as the best article of its kind in tiie world without any comments of the manu- 
facturer. 

MAIZENA, 

For Puddings, Cakes, Custards, Blanc Mange, &c., without isinglass, with few or no eggs, 
■t a cost astonishing the most economicaL It is also excellent for thickening sweat sauces, 
gravies for fish and meat, soups, &c. For Ice Cream, notliing can compare with it. A 
fittle boiled in milk will produce rich cream for Coffee, Chocolate, Tea, ie. 

Put up in one pound packages, under the trade mark "Maizena," with directiona 
fomae. 

A most delicious article of food for children and invalids of all ages. For sale by 
Qioeen and Druggists everywhere. 

WHOLESALE DEPOT, 166 FULTON STREET. 

Win. OURYEA<a e^meTfiX \«^:«^^ 



*• ' rVf Smitarj C^mmtm'm BiOdi*. 

OFFICE OF THE 

(Totumbmn (^arine) §mviXMtt 

c o wTp any, 

rCRXSR OF WAI-L AUD NASSAU STREETS. 

CASH CAPITAL, - - - Sl,000,000. 

?r:z: S':i:«?z:';:n fi:r ±f Sii± Fiscal Tear, ending December 31, 1863. 

i. ■ A--c:5. »imrr 1. l^*?* $3,140.930 80 

V :.- :->z.:-_> ..." 3,252,256 76 

y - 1- L" .:'i TrtoL !:::.> . ^rr L>s<-r=, Ao. 1,137,063 33 

V, ^ - :%:.-.-^^:^ Ca:=::5 U^aJ i-tr-i and other Contin^ncies 441,206 49 

V • • '.JL-JL I\'. -i.i.i :o rKj-i-iri. holdina: certificates of same) on 

- - i:l;> EArr.e\i victIl^ iLe Year, whether Loss has Accroed 

269,614 80 

v^ - V .: : ; IVdl- rs. v :: Edr:>.ri Preciiums 16 per cent. 

;^ ;. r t;:^ War :o Stc^khv-Ider? 26 per cent. 

lJ5iIS ?1;D n GOLD ipoi Kisb u wkick tke Pmiom is paid in like Cnrrencj. 

TFALEKS WITH THIS COMPANY will be allowed the option (to be 
s • r- .*.: '. * '^"•<* -'* application for in<nrance) of receivinjr in lien of scrip, at the end 
v.".*, ^t«*r. UKTUKN^ IN CASH, .iroaraoteed bv certificate) of premiams paid and 
^. . , . ..^ ^ho vt:ir. wluihtT 1on> iuvrues or not, u|>on all new risks under the NEW 
VoKK VoUM OF POLICY, as follows: 

N: Civu all VOYACiE Uisks upon CARGO, a return of TWENTY-FIVE 

.\; riH>n VOY ACiK Risks uix^n FREIGHT, a return of TWENTY per cent. 

:ll I'lvn TIME Risks ujHni FREIGHT, and upon TOYAGE and TIME Risks 
upvM liri.l.S, a r^^tiirn of TEN pkr cent. 

Suv h privilt p\ howovor. Ikmuj? confined to persons and firms, the aggregate of whose 
pu ur.uniN u|H»u .vucli |H>licios oarnoil and fvaid during the year, shall amount to the sum of 
one Kuiulrca doUrtrs. 

DIRECTORS. 

r.»\N KKP KoWKs M ^' MERICK, MOSES MERICK, 

PvSlM NV lOKP. ^VM B. CHiPES, DAVID J. ELY, 

^'ot;wKMUN. JOHN ARMjTROXO, JOSEPH MORRISON, 

iv»MN vrKlS^»N-. H C. MORRIS. WM. H. POPHAM, 

tliv», \ C lO'llKANK, ANPREW J. RICH, B. C. MORRIS, J», 

WM II llVl^iKY. PASL W. TELIJIR, EZRA NYE, 

m,«. HVUU.»S JoHN p. bates, Jr., HENRY J. CAMMANN, 

,„»: isiM; MllMlKl.U CIIAKI>;< HICKOX, THOMAS LORD, 

^', j„ ,j|. ^i , , K Rt)HtU<r BOWN'E, ROBERT S. HOLT, 

rM'KuK V PkNIloV. LAWKKNCE MYERS, J. B. GRIFFIN. 

,1 I MMS. S- N- I>t:RRlCK, 

TIU>S. LOUO, VloePresldent. B. C. MORRIS^ President. 

WM. M. ^^HITNBT, 2d Vloe-Preflident and Ctooretary. 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin^ 479 

NORTH AMERICAN 

Fire Insurance Company, 

IN THE CITY or NEW YORK. 



OFFICE, No. 114 BUOADWAY. 



INCORI>OTlA.TEr> 1823. 

CASH CAPITALjMayl,) 

AND SURPLUS,! 1864, )*^'^»"^* ^'^' 



ASSETS: 

Loans on Bond and Mortgage, being first lien on Real Estate, 

worth over Fifty per cent, above the amount loaned $173,160 00 

Stocks, Bonds and other Securities owned by the Company, mar- 
ket value 365,960 00 

Cash in Bank and Office 21,232 15 

Loans on demand with collaterals. . 71,400 00 

Premiums due and outstanding 3,820 81 

Cash in Agents' hands in course of transmission [business of April 

received] 13,491 57 

Interest accrued on Securities 21,684 60 

Other Property of Company I,2tj5 00 

$675,014 13 

Losses unadjusted $10,500 00 



Insures Property against Loss or Damage by Fire at usual rates, 
and returns three-fourths of the net ProQts, each year, to the As- 
sured. 

Policies Issued and Losses paid at the Office of the Company, or at 
its various Agencies in the principal cities in the United States. 

JAMES W. OTIS, President. 

R. W. BLEECKER, Secretary. 
R. F. MASON, Sup't Agencies. 



4';0 The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 

E. & H. T. ANTHONY, 

MLVUFlCTliRERS OF PHOTOGRlPIIil MlTEBULil, 

501 Broadway, New York. 

eRAFMS 

Our Cataloj^uc uow embraces considerably owr 

FOUR THOUSAND 

different subjects, (to which acMitions are continually bf>lnijj niadej of Portraits of 
Eminent Americans, etc., viz.: 



550 Statesmen, 
130 Divines, 
116 Authors, 

34 Artists, 
120 Stage, 

66 Prominent Women. 



110 Major Generals, 
230 Brigadier Generals, 
270 Colonels, 

9'0 Lieut. Colonels, 
250 Other Officers, 

82 Officers of the Navy, 

147 Prominent Foreign Portraits. 
2,500 COPIED OF WORKS OF ART, 

Including reproductions of the most celebrated EngraYlngs, Paintings, StaUa, kt. 

CATALOGUES SE.YT O^V RECEIPT OF STAMP. 

An order for One Dozen PICTURii^S rrom our Catalogue will be Glled on receipt of $1.80, and Mnt by vuM^frm, 



PHOTOSBAPHiC ALSUMS. 

or thene wc manufacture a great variety, raop:ing in price from 50 cents to $50 each. 
Our ALDUXIS have the reputation of beiug >ui)orior in beautj and durability to any othera. 
Tlipy pan bo sent by mail at a postage of one cent per oz. 



We also ktM>p on band a large asBorlment of 

STEREOSCOPES AND STEREOSCOPIC VIEWS. 

Our Catalogue of these will be sent to any address on receipt of stamp, 

E. & II. T. ANTHONY, 

Manufacturers of Fhotogmphic Materials, 

001 BROADWAT, NSIV YORK^ 

Friends or Relatives of Promiueut Military Men will confer a favor hj sending us thoir 

likeno«.sc8 to copy. They will be kept carefully, ami returned uninjured. 

^[^* PINE ALBUMS MADE TO ORDER for Cougreijatious to present to their Pastor, 

or for other imrposes, with t-uitable inscriptions, &c. 

A fine assortment of Stereoscopic Views of the Battle Fields, &c., of the present War. 



THE 

SANITARY COMMISSION 
BULLETIN. 



Vol. I. 



NEW YORK, JUNE 15, 1864. 



No. 16. 



CONTENTS, 

Page. 

The Month's Work 481 

Th£ Sanitart Commission and the Medical 

Department 482 

Reports— 

Sherman'H Army 485 

Scenes at the Base 489 

Isanes of Stored to Army in Virginia 493 

Bet. Dr. Winsix)w 493 

The Phil.vdel.phia Fair 494 

OuB Consuls Abroad .* 495 

A Lesson Well Learnt 495 

How Brooklyn Money Goes 498 

The Pope and the Sanitary Commission.... 501 

Poetry— 

A Message from the Army 501 

Diagrams Hospital Shirts 502 

Western Scenes— No. 3 503 

Notes on Nfrsino 504 

The 8ANrT.uiy Commission Bulletin is puotuHtied 
on Vie Jbrgt and ffleeiUh of ecenj moiUht and as it 
hat a circulation^ graluUous orotfier^ ofahoce 14,000 
copies, U o^ers an unusually valuable medium for 
advertising. 

AU communications must be adtlresseA to the Ed- 
Mor, at Uie office^ 833 Broadway, and must be ati- 
thenticnteil by the names and adlresses of the tnriiers. 

As the continuance of the publication of the Bul- 
f-TTTx is unceriainy depending on that of the war, 
and on Vie resources of the U. S. Sanitary Com- 
mission — the Standing Committee feels a certain de- 
gree qf reluctance to st}licit subscript iotut for it — and 
(hereby to pledge Vye Commission to its issue for a 
d^nite period, 

Tfie Committee understand, hotcever, tJial »ome of 
0ieir friemls to irfiom it is now sent gratuitously, ex- 
prfM a wish to pay for it, and they therefore give 
notice thai the sum of tioo dollars, remitted to the 
TrtOMurer, (G. T. Strong, 68 WaU Street, or Xo, 
823 Broadway, Neto York,) \rill secure its being sent 
to such contrUtutor during the remaiitfler of the cur- 
rent year, unless Us pulAication be sooner discon- 
Umued. 

Vol. L— No. Id. 31 



THE MONTH'S WORK 
Subjoined is a statement of the disburse- 
ments made by the Commission, during the 
month of May, for the national forces in 
Virginia. It will be seen that of $328,351, 
there has been expended in cash drawn 
from the Central Treasury $236,349, or 
over two- thirds of the total amount. And 
it must be remembered, too, that this is 
for the relief of only one of our armies. It 
does not include any portion of the outlay 
incurred on behalf of General Sherman's 
army in Georgia, or on behalf of General 
Banks's army in Mississippi. Nor does it 
include the expenses of the " Homes" and 
** Lodges" scattered all over the country, 
nor of the work of sanitary inspection. It 
has, in fact, been called forth by the sick 
and wounded of the forces in Virginia, and 
during only the opening month of what 
promises to be a long and bloody cam- 
paign. 

We call attention to these faets for the 
benefit of those — and their name is legion 
— who are possessed with the belief, that, 
inasmuch as the Commission has received 
a million and a half from the fairs, it has 
now money enough, and the tide of pubUo 
charity may be turned in some other direc- 
tion. A quarter uf a million is gone in 
Virginia alone in four weeks. At this rate, 
the fund now in the treasury, or likely to 
come into it, would not nearly meet all the 
wants of General Grant's army only be- 
tween now and the first of November, for 
wo are constantly forced into extending the 
field of our operations. There is constantly 
a vast deal of suffering which the Medical 
Department cannot prevent, and which we, 
let us be ever so well supported by the 
country, cannot nearly relieve. 



4>i 



Uie Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



On a >ul>.si'i]TK'iit pa^'e of the present 
nil ml ur will W fiaiml ti stattment in detail 
nl" tin- i'->iios of supiilio> ill Virpinia during 
tin- iiumtii «.»f M:iy, as wfll as t)f the anti- 
srtu'li'.iiir st(iros, now on luind, that have 
1h« 11 i».n>ai»hil tu our th ptit.s in Mai-jland 
and Vir^'iiiia. Abont the latter we will 
only >.:y. that tht'v fall vii-y far short of 
niutiir-T tin- euU upon tlu-ni. One of the 
frnu'n -.t danfJTrrs with whii-h the aimy luus 
\o e-Titcnd, is the seorbiitie teudenciis 
rniitid l»y the want of vefjetables. We 
luiM- >«» ofti'U set forth in these i)a^:fs the 
rt".«({ . iiiMin tho Holditr's hralth an«l ifU- 
eitiiry, and his rceupi-rativt' p()wer when 
woiiiiili'd, of tho SLV)rl)utie taint, that it is 
not n( ii-.s.saiy that wi* slmuhl now go over 
the 'iroiunl aj^'ain. J5nt wi' must onee more 
raiiM liy appeal to tln' pnblie for r»intribu- 
timis nf «nii<»ns and i>otatoe.s. It is safe to 
Miy lli:it <v«ry ]»arri'l of either of these 
vr/'i till lies forwardtd to US may hv the 
iin:iii-' t'l" saviiij^ a lifr, AVitli MU'h avast 
< \l<'iil "f fntih' H(jil as is at the iM>mmand 
ol" two iliinlscf ouri>opulali«)n, thert- onf:ht 
to III- no diHicnlty in obtaining: mi>re of 
tin ■<■ tiling's than wo ean ])ossib]y use. 
Will, llnT<'t(in', rvrrybiidy who has eithor 
:i .'iOt!'!! *»r a farm, rcmcmbrr that a very 
t.niiiil I'alc'li of it jnay, by a vory small 
tiMioiitit of labor, l)e made to reseue a sol- 
di«'r lioni <lfatliV 

. t.il* I !• lit <>i hisbnrsiiuiiits (1iinn<; the mouth 

«,. '!.i,v. I'^fJt, for the Niiti.in;il l*\»rt'»'s in Vir- 

('ini.i: 

Sf nt.iKH. 
/^,, • I .:,i| t'li- piinhari H ut — 



Special Bklixf. 

Amount dnring the month...... 4,306 80 

Etftimttird vm'ue of additional minpliea con- 
tributi'd to the (NiuuuiiiHiou and iai»uod to 
the Army in Eaatvm Virginia 130,000 00 

Total, .'|32M,351 31 



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Ac 



THE SANITARY COMMLSSION AND THE 
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT. 

The following letter has been ojildressed 
to the editor of the WanJihif/ton Chronide, 
by Mr. Knapj), our Associate Secretary: 

My attention has been called to the tone 
of exaggeration in wliieh some i^crsons 
speak of the work of the Snnitar}* Commis- 
sion, as if the Commission was doing every- 
thing and the Government nothing for the ' 
wounded soldiei*s. These statements do 
not emanate from, nor are they endorsed 
by the Sanitary Commission. On the con- 
trary, while the Commission records, and 
is ^'lad to be able to record, the aid it has 
rendered to the wounded, and while it 
set ks by public reports to assure the peo- 
ple that it is alive and worthy the trust 
placed in its hands, it is never found de- 
l»nriating the vastly greater service render- 
ed by the ("lovernmeut, through the regu- 
lar elianmls of aid and supply. 

The Sanitary Commission gives no coun- 
tenance to that tone of wholesale denunci- 
ation in which '^visitore" to the army 
si)tak of the ne^'lect and utter delinquency 
i>f public oflieers in caring for the wounded. 
The Commission sees what it considers de- 
foj'ts. and it is forced to recognize in iudi- 
viduil oflitM'i's and on specitied occasions 
what it believes to bo deliucinencies and 
m'j^^h'ct, and the suffi'ring consequent; but 
it also seis and recognizes, as few others 
can, the immt'nse labor which devolves upon 
tin' !Mi'dical Department in times like these, 
and tiit^ immense work which is done. It 
realizes, as others may not, that the trans- 
port in;:? of twenty- live thousjind wounded 
men from the battle-tield to distant ho.spit- 
als. involves unavoidable delays and sufifer- 
in;,'; especially wlien, as now, the ormy is 
mining' rapidly f«)rward, with a frctpicnt 
chaii'.fe of bivse, compelling, as a "military 
ne«?es.sity," the instant trans]>ortation of 
wounded from tin* vicinity of previously 
occuj)ied fields to general hospitals, no 
matter how severe may be the wounds, or 
how impassable the roads, or how deficient 



The J^anUary Commission BvBetin. 



488 



the means of transportation at command. 
No man who has not been upon the ground, 
and day after day seen the labor to be un- 
dergone, and the difficulties to be met, can 
form the slightest idea of the terrific work 
laid upon the medical officers after a great 
battle. 

Sometimes at a single wharf, as was the 
case at Belle Plain, a business >equal to that 
of a city of fifty thousand inhabitants has 
to be carried on. There are the Quwrter- 
masters and the Commissaries, with their 
crowds of boats and immense stores, wagons 
in trains a mile hmg pushing in from the 
shore, and impatiently waiting to be load- 
ed; re-enforcements, five to ten thousand 
men in one single day, arriving to bo dis- 
embarked and moved forward to the bat- 
tle-field; prisoners, by the thousands also, 
to be brought down to the boats under 
guard; and meantime, with it all, at this 
same wharf must place and time be found 
for receiving the wounded as they are 
brought in, two or three hundred ambu- 
lances and wagons at once, followed imme- 
diately by as many more — with a crowd of 
those men, who with wounds less severe, 
have walked in with slow steps from corps 
and division hospitals. This is a mere out- 
line sketch, to be filled in with the break- 
ing down of wagons on shore, blocking 
whole trains; tearing up the corduroy roads, 
opening thus the way to mud and quick- 
sands; the arrival of unexpected wounded, 
amd non-arrival of expected boats; the rush, 
and moving to and fro of these masses of 
men and teams and stores; the slow, cau- 
tious handling upon stretchers, borne down 
in long file, of men with amputated limbs 
orierrible wounds; the feeding of the hun- 
gry and trying to alleviate their sufi'erings; 
all this continued by night the same as by 
day, through the darkness and the rain. 
A person who has never been in the midst 
of all this, and who has not repeatedly 
been in the midst of all this, has no power 
and no rig?U to judge of what the officers 
of the medical and of other departments 
are doing. Still less power or right to 
judge and criticise belong to the individual 
who with excited feelings of philanthropy • 
goes from soni^e quiet homo of his own 
down to, the ** front," expecting by a week's 
work of humane and irresponsible labor to 



set everything to rights and relieve all suf- 
fering. To such a man the whole scene is, 
of course, confusion and neglect and ruin, 
while in reality it is simply Was, with what 
in a great measure are its unavoidable con- 
sequences. The Sanitary Commission 
knows from long acquaintance with such 
scenes the work which the Medical Depart- 
ment has to do, and the embarrassments 
under which it labors. 

With a steady hand in its own assigned 
place does the Commission seek to co-ope- 
rate with the Medical Department. All 
the employees of the Commission are in- 
structed not to criticise but to work; and 
to work subjecting themselves to military 
rule. So far as I know, a spirit of cordial 
good- will is felt by all the officers and real 
workers of th^ Commission in the field for 
the medical staff, with whom they have di- 
rect relations. 

The Sanitary Commission in proper place 
and in authorized manner does not hesi- 
tate to point out the deficiences and neg- 
lects which it sees. It seeks honestly and 
earnestly to secure needed rcfprms; it ad- 
vocates constantly what it constantly sees 
the call for, as, for instance, a larger jjroris- 
ion for the sick and wounded, embracing a 
larger corps of surgeons and of nurses; 
more hospital transi)orts, exclusively assign- 
ed for the whole term of war to the Medical 
Department; and an independent and ample 
transportation train, involving a large out- 
lay, as entirely under the control of the 
Surgeon-General and his officers, as is the 
ambulance train. Tlie Sanitary Commis- 
sion thus points out what it considers de- 
fects, and seeks to secure reform ; yet it 
works in good faith and cordial earnestness, 
in its own more humble way, with the Med- 
ical Department as a whole. 

In order to illustrate this, let me call 
your attention to the follo^^ing extracts 
from letters and reports concerning the 
work of the Commission, in which refer- 
ence is made to Medical Officers. You will 
see that the tone is that of co-operation. 

I wlIJ turn first to the last report received 
from the agent of the Commission in charge 
of the work at Port Royal, Virginia, a day 
or two since. He says: 

** All day Friday wo fed, and issued sup- 
plies to the wounded, without stint. All 



484 



The Sanitary Commission BvJldin. 



X\\r .lipartiiu'iits have tre.it<Ml iia witli a 
conlinlity, jumI ruoro than conliaHty — a 
williii;^ rontiih'iict' aiul chet*r — that makes 
one (piite biidvant in np))r(mehiug them 
and wuikin^' with them. Dr. Cuyh^r, J)r. 
Thill ips, th(^ represintalive uf J)r. I'arhm, 
at this jmst, :in<l Dr. M<'Kay, have been 
es])rci;i11y oMijrinjJT. Dr. (.^ivUt on finding 
us s<» iliii|j:«'ntly at work, tohl me to draw- 
on him tt»r anything I net'dtnl. He loan<'d 
ns si.Miiiiinal stores, eauUlron«, furnished 
u.s hr.'l nIih-U and e«>flVe to any extent that 
we ^h'^i^»■d. anil fa«'ilitat«'d (Mir <»p«'rations 
in a' I prnjnr ways, giving us information 
ot" lli«' arrival v»f trains i'nrly and ^>n)mj)tly. 
**1 liMve mvrr l)tl'(»rt' seen the nrganie and 
prnpi r nlMti»>ns hot ween tiie Mtdieal De- 
pari iiH lit :ind th»' ( 'Diuniission sn smi)nt]dy, 
llu«».Mi"liI\, Miiil h:iriiH)ui«tusly adjusted — 
1 1 w.i^ fllii'ijd :in«l r«'sp<»nsil>h' — W(» were 
ii|.|»l.iiiiiit«'rs imt sii])pl;mlri*s, an«l the at- 
.»l t';i«li s<m'Mhm1 Id liavr a strong feel- 
I mill Hill ri'Npret ami lirartiiiess." — 
/ "/ ./-//// .1. AnfhrS'm, J*urt i:<j>/fiL 
Un/ -js. isr.l. 

till., I ad. I 
d r.T. 



Li. -I 
in:' ' 

i " . 
'1.. 

pi Mil 

PM,| 



h.. 






hard, and the members of the Christian 

CommisKion harmoniously co-operated in 

your work. " 

« » « 

** I cannot close this hasty record with- 
out making mention, with admiration and 
gratitude, of the urbane and cordial tem- 
I)er in which the Medical Inspector in 
charge, and the medical officers under him, 
welcomed au^ seconded your service, and 
promoted its' efficiency. Of the energy 
and decision, tempered with humane con- 
siderations of Col. Cuyler, and of his up- 
fliigging hibor by night and day, all will 
bear glad witness. It was everything to 
us,unraveling intricacies, and shedding sun- 
shine over the scene. The action of the 
entire medical stalT here i)resent, was in 
i harmony with this example. The lalx>rioua 
I and resi>onsible duties of quartermaster 
j were in the Imnds of one competent to 
meet the demands of this difficult occasion, 
and fliere arc few men in his department 
j who could have discliarged the duty with 
I the heart and energj-, and mlrainistrativ© 
skill whi(di enabled him to crowd the work 
1 of a month into a single week.'' 

The following is an ex.tract from a letter 
of Doctor C. K Agnew, of the Commis- 
sion, dated May 2:tth, 18G1, describing the 
work at Belle Plain: 

* * * "Down the right hand siik> of 
the * U'-th ipinl dock slowly moved a single 
l\le of ariuy wagons filled with wounded 
men ; at the end or corner of the dock, by 
the gang^vay of a largo Government trans^ 
port, stood that "Jnost efficient and admir- 
able otUeer, Dr. Cuyler, acting Medical 
Inspector Cleneral U. S. A., receiWng the 
wounded, and superintending their re- 
moval fri/m the wagons t-o the deck of the 
transport, preparatory to their transfer to 
tht^ hospital Kteaml)oats tliat lay in the 
offing. After ei\ch wjigon had deposited 
its living freight, it i)assed around the end 
of the dock to the left-hand side, and then 
t(n)k in animunition or lighting rations — 
the orders being imperative to return to the 
front cudy with full loails of these indispen- 
sable supplies. Cn)wding along the nar- 
row margin of the dock were continuous 
lines of men carrying letters and stretchers, 
on which were such of the more severely 
I wounded as luid Won removed from the 
waG:ons at the hospitiU tents, on the liill- 
I sid«» above the plain; hour after hour, for 
several days, was tliis fearful procession 
I kept up. It would not be proper for me to 
state h(*w many thousands thus passed 
under Dr. Cuyler 's inspection, but I cannot 
forbear mentioning the most distinguished 
' zeal, energj', and self-devotion with which 
' his arduous duties were perfonned. His 
\ iw\m\\v\^\.tvavsfe «>^\\l^ his i\uick and ready 
v;'// J/J --lipiAio^iA hroud, soft avi ^-eVSi ^ \i\\mi\mX^,\ii» vi^sMisX \i5ii\wjQiifi«& ^x^aau^^ 



i-xtra<^ts from n-ei-ntly 
ninrd. soini' of them otllt'ial re- 
-rni- lia-itily writt.'U htt«'rs. 

' "It slioiild not be forgotten, 

'. tli.il tli.' labors «»f tlie Conimis- 

>il.'.id:ii:it<', and only auxiliary to 

!■ . iii.d imii'i- prrfcrtly organized 

"t til.: M'-.lirid hrpartinrnt (»f tho 

.I'll v. Iin'h it. works in eomjUcte 

' -l iJ.iMH- .. iK'tin;^' Siirgt'on (ii'U- 

\>t tlii- ('nninii'^-i<in and its 

.' Ii r:i'iiiiii i ;i > an* a-k«'d for, and 

.' ',)ii:ii t. t iijM-.tfr"s Dt'partun'ut val- 

'i I . M'*' ivi-d." 

ft- * 

ii Mil .< \\\\\i-\ft\\ t<'aHis the sup- 

I. "'.«//! to Ii. d«ri<'k^I»nr;4 rapidly, 

».. II- I n« ' d of till 111. \ can lUSMire 

i,<,-;"|i < .'i-..Miiiirnt is nialiiiig ex- 

t'. 'I'l'lv tl.«- n'M'l, an«l i^ ei»n- 

\r. ,,.i|^ iii'T^ ;i'''-d ability t'> put in 

■. h i! .. 'I'- l/i'forr rfgard'Ml as only 

■ i.' Ilui. th'- (lovrrnin<nt has 

■J ..r. ' adi:i!r.dp|y. two lar^'c hosjii- 

. .,,' Mild lia^ aUo anali^JTi'd for 

I'i. O.I b »aid sonn' of the 

,' -ii'li .1 ': n'>t. I'j^ular floating 

'• Ml ; '1-1, 1SG4. 

',. V »I jr.?" r {•: i\[\ v.ii'ious lo- 

• . t ' i\ .',;•. tool. \\(»i-k in harmony 

., o. .' . o/ .'i-.:.. and lifting' up the 

, ■'. >\»\' ''•i*'/ ^'»- cripple. i soldier 

I,,.' I :m.i; ' lii^ad, craciii'j'^. and 

■„j.\,.i.." -ii'- -A" i!id^. or ri'-a Ijusting 

,. . I ,v t', p -I'lijlili' all yo:ir ni«-ans 

,, 'J I,' t.W\'* I ■ ol til*' (lov rnnient 

, ' ' * f,i' 'I '.'o/dj.iily ,\oiir .^•■rvices, and 

;// '.oin'- lliihi/i to yo\ir materiaV 



The Samtary Commission Bulletin. 



485 



his self-denying exposure to the pelting rain 
while laboring to secure prompt shelter to 
the wounded, his night work and day work, 
his personal attention to even the little wants 
and minor discomforts of each individual 
sufferer, were the subjects of universal ad- 
miration. Dr. Brinton was also there, work- 
ing with signal ^efficiency and vigor in the 
difficult undertaking of forwarding medical 
supplies promptly to Fredericksburg and 
the front." 

•'Capt. Clark, of the Quartermaster's De- 
partment, and Capt. Lubey, 15th Regiment 
N. Y. Engineer Corps, gave us most cheer- 
ful and essential aid in this work. Indeed, 
from all the officers of the post we received 
nothing but kind services and expressions 
of goodwill. Capt. Pitkin, of the Quarter- 
master's Department, provided every facil- 
ity in his power, and from Gen. Abercrom- 
bie and Col. Cuyler down, everybody seem- 
ed to take pleasure in aiding us. From 
Monday, the 9th, until this time, incesmmt 
exertions have been made by the officers of 
the Medical, Quartermasters', Commissaries 
and Ordnance Departments to remove the 
wounded from the rear of the army, and 
replenish the trains for forward movements. 
No one at home can form any idea of Hie 
labors of the officers in these departments, 
day after day and night after night, often- 
times living, meanwhile, on the scantiest 
subsistence, such as coffee and crackers, 
ond these hurriedly taken. We are often- 
times loud in our praises of military com- 
manders for achieving victory, but seldom 
give due credit for the result to the quar- 
termasters, who work with almost super- 
human energy at some base of supplies, 
and on whose talent, energy and fertility 
in resources, the very existence of the army 
depends." 

» » « * ♦ 

" I should say that at Fredericksburg the 
medical affairs were under the able manage- 
ment of Dr. Dalton, Medical Director, while 
large numbers of medical men from Boston, 
New York, Philadelphia and elsewhere, 
served day and night in the hospitals, aid- 
ing those devoted men, the army surgeons, 
in their exhaustive and most serious and 
self-denying duties. Who can sum up the 
Talue of the services of the army surgeons? 
Who can describe, in becoming phrases, a 
tithe of what they do for the thousands of 
suffering men thrown upon their care and 
skill by the fearful casualties of active cam- 
paigns. I never witness their conduct with- 
out a sense of the profoundest admiration, 
and a renewed conviction that the best 
work of our Commission is that by which 
we endeavor, even in an humble way, to 
aferengthen their hands by supplementary 

assistance." « 

♦ ♦ « * * 

I add likewise ibis extract from a Special 



Relief Report of the' Commission, dated 
October 1, 1863, expressing the feeling with 
which the Commission still regard the Med- 
ical Bureau: 

****** "And in 
this connection I may fitly refer, both for 
the sake of justice to the Medical Depart- 
ment and as an apology for our own exist- 
ence, to the frequent inciuiry, uttered often 
in a tone of censure, How is it possible, if 
the medical officersVlo their duty, there can 
be any opportunity even for this supple- 
mentary work of relief? 

** The question shows utter ignorance of 
the terrific weight of work, of the most 
complicated and deliwite character, which 
the officers of the Medical Department have 
upon their hands, and of their constant 
liability to bo called upon at any moment 
to meet great and unexpected emergencies. 
The fact is simply this, that while the Med- 
ical Department has made a larger and 
wider provision for the comfort of the sick 
and the wounded than the world ever be- 
fore saw, there is not, and cannot be, a 
minuteness of detail and awaiting at every 
corner to give to a fainting soldier a cup of 
water, such as friends at home, in their 
anxious love, ask for. 

** Yet this work needs to be done, and 
therefore we, who are simply the hands to 
the people's heart and bounty, do the work. 
But if the Medical Department were to at- 
tempt it in all its minutiae of detail, their 
power for their own hundredfold greater 
work would be weakened in a way that 
would find no justification." 



SHERMAN'S ARMY. 

We must warn our readers that as long 
as active operations are going on in the 
field, it is impossible for our agents to 
forward full and correct accounts of what 
they are doing. Their energies are taxed 
to the uttermost night and day, in attend- 
ing to the sick and wounded, so that we 
are obliged to wait for complete reports 
until there comes a lull. For the use 
of Gen. Sherman's Army, goods are con- 
stantly going forward. No pains are spared 
to make the supply ample. 

During the month of May, in addition to 
the heavy shipments that have goi^p from 
Cincinnati, and other points by river to 
Nashville, there have been sent from Louis- 
ville by rail the following amount of arti- 
cles, besides large supplies of those leas 
essential at t\us \>t«V\c\^T \:vBifc\ 

536 WaakeU au^ comloT\a,^3l\ \i^^^s3Ka.. 



486 



The Sanitary Commission BiiMin. 



7('.*» i)il!ows and 1,01>4 pillow castas, 2,80 
sliirts, 1,<.)?U i)air8 of drawers, 1,480 coata 
and vtsts, 1,552 towols, 4*»>0 pairs of socks, 
100 iMiirs of Hlii)pers, 4'.C> cushions, 11,783 
lK)unds of bandages and compresses, HIM) 
cans of fruit, 5,075 pounds concentrtttckl 
Ix'cf, i;o,:;o4 pounds condensed milk, 14,5tiO 
I)(>unds of crackers, 840 i)ouncis of tea, 
ti.HCil i)()Tnids of sugar, 14,491 pounds of 
drirtl fruit, 25 boxes oranges and lemons, 
I5,l<;i ])()unds codtish, 1,718 pounds bntter, 
720 dozen of eggs, 7,4-11) bottles of wine 
and spirits, 4,715 gallons of pickb^s, 4,4;J0 
gallons i»f sauer kraut, 10,402 bushels of 
p()tat»)<s. 1,2S0 gallons of ale, :iOO cans of 
ovst. IS. 20 tons of icf and 2,000 fans. 

'I'll ■ following letters have reached us 
frr;iM Sli«rnian'.s front: 

KiivfiiiTOM, Oa, May 23. IHCI. 
In: I H. Ni.wrD.Aiiv. .V» n'aiy: 

M . I 'I.Alt Sii; 1 start this morning with 
Mil \Miiy, not knowing where I am going 
t,i ■.'.).« II I esui n-turn. 

A I 1 iJiiiK-l Hill w«.' had our goods ready 
bi f'//< tlj« n- w«n' any wounded at Buzzard 
ll'/'/.l. At Tbcsaea we liad abun(Liut sup- 
l>b« •. on the tieM. "When the wounded 
v,i i.- movrd from the; firld to tlu; railroad, 
on/ . iij;p]i«-s were a little behind, Imt very 
>'/Oii b;oii).'ht up. Then I had abundant 
<■ jji)/ii' : on tlic way, but sent them back, 
vyj). ij.'- exception of a g<)o<l supi)ly of 
/..,./ ),» «'f ;.nd whisky. Mr. Collins, of the 
Vii •' //. < oijiiiiii-.sion, had two car loads of 
»•;, !'.,ti i'Anrch. 1 joined with him in 
•;..:'/.•, .f;i*;^ to eaeli <'ori)s or division as 
• ;.' > .'. J'l ;iji|>ropriiit<' transportation. "NVe 
>/...< ...it lilt'/*- huj»ply, and have but httle 

in J..Mo iiiid Ci«*n. Slierman advise send- 
:>.[/ . .: «/ n Mores not distribuU'd l)ack to 
i\' .-..' ... liiJil tin* result (»f this movement 
;.; '>' *< iiitiut '{, which we shall probably 
it', 

Vi I hiivi- now a ston-room at Dalton and 
J«.i i-m-.i, and have had one at Uinggold and 
'i iiiihi 1 II ill, which we have alvandoned as 
lln ariiiy has moved. 

My ])lan will b<-, lus it has Ixu^n, to keep 
htons at the t«?rminus of the railroad, and 
by iM-ing with the army, I can obtain t(?ams, 
//t h/tst };;ivo thus far, to bring forward 
f/* /if tin ti.H HiH)n an waiiU'd. 
7///.- wrnthfT j« dry, dusty and hot. Dr. 



Webster, with Mr. Hoblit, Fairchild, and 
Pocock, go with the army. 
Most truly yours, 

A. N. Bead. 

May 29, 1864. ) 

Mt Deab Dk. Newderby — As I have writ- 
ten you, we loaded all the teams we could 
obtain at Kingston with sanitary stores, 
and by order sent the balance back to Ses- 
aca. We sent a load with each cprps, and» 
in some cases, one with each division. 

We have had more fighting here, and the 
battle, yet undecided, may be said to be in 
progress. We are very near the line with 
the hospitals. The goods of the CommiS' 
sion have come in good time, and the 
wounded so far have been well cared 
for except in transportation. Most have 
been sent back from liesaca, and to-daj 
army wagons take back the slightly wound- 
ed and sick from here. 

If you will give us the stores, we will make 
them useful, and will keep up the credit of 
the Commission. Our having them in the 
field, all the way from Chattanooga, and 
carrying them to the hospitals in thh ex- 
treme front, and being fully represented 
by the agents of the Commission, has given 
it a new place in the hearts of many who 
had before doubted of its usefulness. But 
our supplies must be large. Each division, 
on the average, will use one box of milk a 
day to good advantage. This requires 
about 700 pounds per day. 

The supply of fresh beef has been good» 
and promptly furnished, so that beef stock 
has not been in quite so much demand, but 
yet has been largely used. Bags and band- 
ages are also wanted, as well as clothing. 
So are the arm-slings. As I write, a soldier 
comes in with his hand off, and he is sup- 
plied with one of them. They are of great 
value. 

Most truly yours, 

A. N. Bead. 

We have a depot at Dalton, Besaca, and 
shall open again in ELingston as soon as 
possible. 



Db. J. a NrviiXKBT: 



Chattaiioo«a, June % 1864^ 



. "M.X T>^k\\ ^w\.— We have little time for 
» writing, VTVVB\Mi^\.o^«k\^^vgt«^^v^\^iwftji^ 



Tkt Sanitary Commiaaion BiHletin. 



487 



ing as definite information as we are per- 
mitted to do. 

The demand for all battle stores and for 
laborers has yastly increased at the front 
We have kept a good supply of stores at 
the front at all times, as near the army as 
we safely could, and on the first strain to 
Kingston, after our army left that point, 
we sent forxrard three oar loads. Three 
hundred car loads of army stores are order- 
ed to that point now for yesterday, to-day, 
and to-morrow. We cannot have transpor- 
tation to-day, but expect it to-morrow, and 
one more shipment will exhaust our stock. 
I have taken the liberty of telegraphing di- 
rect to Cincinnati, as the agents from there 
' liave requested me to do, and to Chicago, 
an4 Cleveland. All the stores you can 
send are needed. 

Our stock of milk and whisky is now the 
largest of any, but we shall need more, and 
of everything else which will add to the 
comfort of sick and wounded men in the 
field and in the hospitals; we need large 
supplies as fast as they can be got through. 

We are paying large amounts of postage 
to forward soldiers' letters from home, and 
packages from hospitals containing descrip- 
tive rolls and discharge papers. 

I wish that through the BuiiLETiN, you 
would call especial attention of the friends 
of the soldier, to the necessity — 

Ist Of sending no letters to the army 
without paying postage, under the idea 
that, if marked ** soldiers' letter," they will 
go through and may be paid at the end of 
the route. In all cases they will be de- 
tained at the Postoffice here, and will be 
forwarded by no military postbag until the 
postage is paid. 

2d. Of fuUy paying postage on all letters 

and packages. For all deficiencies double 

rates will be charged, and the mail matter 

detained until this double postage is paid. 

In haste, yours truly, 

M. C. Read. 



Da. J. S. Newbsxbt: 

Dear* Sib — 



Chattanooga, June 3, 1864. 



I have been through the wards of the 
post hospitals to-day, containing the most 
severely wounded. There are very many 
whose Hres will depend upon a constant 



supply of the most generous diet; and 
there are many, who, from their wounds, 
ought to die in accordance with the ordi- 
nary results of army surgery, who on a 
generous diet will get well — men with frac- 
tures, and amputations of the thigh, &c. . 
Indeed, I never saw so many severely 
wounded men, whose prospects were so 
good, and the surgeon in charge attributes 
this, in a great degree, to the stores fur- 
nished through the Commission. 

Yours, M. C. Bead. 

EiKOSTON. Qa., May 22, 186L 
Db. J. S. Nkwbebbt, Sec'y U. S. San, Com.: 

Deab Sib — After a very ac^ve campaign 
of two weeks, we have come to a halt for a 
few days. In these two weeks we have 
marched about sixty miles, and fought fpur 
battles, in every case defeating the enemy. 
We have lost about five thousand in killed 
and wounded. It has been a series of suc- 
cesses. .To-morrow morning the order is 
to march again, and with twenty days ra- 
tions, leaving all who are not able for a 
long march. I have been with the army 
all the time from the first advance from 
Ringgold. At Tunnel Hill I immediately 
procured store room, and returned to Ring- 
gold for stores and helpers. By the time 
the wounded began to come in to the Hos- 
pitals there, we were on the ground with 
our stores. Dr. Read soon come up, and 
all went on welL We fed hundreds of sick 
men, also those who were sent to the rear, 
and while they were waiting transportation 
to Chattanooga, we made and gave them 
cofiee, &o. 

At the battle of Resaca we were promptly 
on the ground, and with six loads of sani- 
tary stores for those divisions that suffered 
most Dr. Read and I rode through the 
army from the right toward the left. Mon- 
day morning, on arriving at the first Di- 
vision Hospital, 4th A. C, the doctor re- 
mained, and I went on to find the 20th 
A. C. This was about 1 o'clock. Coming 
upon the extreme left, I found Hooker 
hotly engaged with the enemy, and just at 
that time the wounded were beginning to 
come in. I rode down toward the fiol4 of 
confiict, and discovered that the wounded 
were being \)to\)l^\. c^ VJux^e^ %kA5^\s^ *^^ 



488 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



about twolvo hundrnl.) I immi'tliatHy 
found tl.r Medical Director of the Corps, 
got sin order from iWw. Hooker for three 
wa-^ons, onr for each Divihioii Hosi)ital, to 
rctnrn to Daltou, a distance of lifteen miles, 
and hviurr up battle stores. This was done 
pninij.tly. and the next morning, by 8 
o'elocK. thf stores were cm the ground, and 
wei«'. .IS niiiny said, a (lod-send. I worked 
witli all the surgeons that were within 
read I, thosf of the Ith Coqis coming to 
asM>t, nnd also all our agents on that part 
of 111. liild, till after midni^iht, in making 
the wr.uiMhd comfortable. The battle 
<i»'l«'l Saturday jii«;ht, afti-r Hooker's 
stnin.ii.jr ;,,,,! (.jipturing the n-bel fort. 

'IIm !• \t day 1 went to JUsaea and got 
T'" '"■ . TIk' ainbulanec.s were bringing in 
*'"' ■ •■' i.«l««l, to })<• put on tin- ears and 
''lit •', ("liattanoo^'a. The cars were not 
t;.«.. \i, r* r,\M- tli*ni. The nmbulances 
''■ ' ' p'i'jfii to th<' ii«ld by order of the 
^' ' i '\\i*Tt- was n«) hos])ital. There 
■-/I.' building's, but all were filled 
*■'• ' ' ' '• li. I got a detail of twelve men, 
"' '• ' il ■/' n jf>irj«d me in cleaning out a 
' '. ' ■.M.^:' ainl /)utting the wounded 
''- ' ■ 'li.'i*- w«j<- no f-tores, <ither med- 
• ' • '' ' i. ••'//', viith >\hieh to feed the 
' ■ ■',';.«/ -A* r«: tlnre ut that time any 

.' ■ ■ ''w =■. th< n-, and the wounded 
■ t '/ t'.T •oifj* tiling to eat. Oh, I 
''•■' ■ .' *■"■ o:jr ?.toi •■:-?. iJut the water- 
*■ i :/r,t '.I out, aiic! for a few hours 

' •'/' '\*Uiii.f([. In the emergency, 

' ' ■• ' .' f//j'Uy- buildiufr, and j)rocur- 
' • ' '''I tA/i liuii'ln-d and tifty wound- 

' • :.'/ on tlie hard lloor. 

/• ',:•■/ J>r, f"rH;lidge cauie and had 
..'.■j/it;i] }>roupht up from lling- 
(' • . . ' ;. J '-.iiiii' on to this ))lace. We 

'■ • .' i ::.■ pron)/»lly and fully as pos- 

. ' ..* ',i d«ath-, on battle-field and 
'.* . '. .;.•:''!. J *-ha]l nturn to myj>ost 

;.. .... :i-. •■oon as my i»lae»' can be 

f .; , :.'.</« J p'o out on this r-xpedition 
V,.';. ' .' J'/, ;;.],'] J' Mil (!ori>.s. W<^ are or- 
'3«/«') *', t:il.i: thirty rhiys' rations. This 
¥»...!/■ ;i \'jii'/^ a. 'J* J hard march, and a very 
It., I' -i'.i.';l ^Miiij'aign. 

f ; ..t eloh<'. a.s Mr. Kno goes on the 
I/. ..'; to Chattanooga. 

Youm respectfully, 

J. C. HOBUT. 



Nashvillx, May 27, 1864^ 
Dk. J. S. Ncwbksbt: 

D£Ai{ Sib — At the request of M. C. Read, 
I write you to give a short synopsis of the 
Sanitary work at the front. Everything 
was done that could be before the advance, 
to hurry forward stores to Chattanooga, 
and have them ready to send to points 
most needed. Dr. Read kept well up with 
the advance, and secured room for stores 
the very day the army entered Ringgold, 
Tunnel Hill, Dalton, Resaca, and Kings- 
ton ; besides this, several wagon loads were 
sent on to the field, and were on hand to 
he used when the first wounded were 
brought in. The Government was prompt 
in giving transportation, and stores werC" 
sent to each of the above places as soon as 
there were wounded to need them; and 
witlu)ut the Sanitary supply, there would 
rially have been more suffering. By the 
advice of the Medical Director, the stores 
at Kingston were returned to Resaca; at 
this place a sufficient quantity of staple 
articles will be kept to send forward at a 
moment's i.otice. There is a field hospital 
estiiblished, in which it is expected there 
will be at least one thousand for some time. 
On Monday there was one thousand in it, 
and Division Hospitals near by. The sur- 
geons have drawn freely, and been supplied 
liberally; just now they are most in need 
of mos(piito bars, ale, and sponges; there 
is not one sponge to ten men. These have 
been telegraphed for, and I hope will be 
forwarded. 

At Dalton, the principal work has been 
to feed the wounded on trains passing up; 
thev usually make long stops, and we found 
thenion verj* thankful for hot coffee, beef- 
soup, and crackers; about fifteen hundred 
men were fed there last week. Mr. Bar- 
rett, a thorough worker, is there, and does 
the work well. I left Dr. Read at King- 
ston, i)repar<Hl to advance with the army; 
there was also an agent to go with each 
cori)s. 

Mr. Collins, of the Western Sanitaiy 
Commission, got two cars through to Kings- 
ton, which came very oi)X)ortunely . He gave 
an (Hpud i)ortion to each of the corps. Dr. 
Read added milk, beef, and stimulants. It 
was pleasant to see the two Commissions 
co-o^tT^Vvxi^ wi^ -^^i^Lfli^ ^s^T^iially togeth- 



The Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 



489 



er. This feeling I believe can be maintain- 
edy and each Commission be made to do its 
fall share of good. 

Very respectfully, 

Your friend, 

Edwabd I. Eno, 

JUxHoit State Agent 



SCENES AT "THE BASE." 

^ASHJXQTOV, D. C, May 14, 1864. 

Dear Mrs. , I have just come up 



from the rear of the Army of the Potomac, 
and there will at least bo some variety in 
my correspondence with you if I tell you 
what I saw at Belle Plain, instead of, as 
nsnal, repeating my Oliver Twistian cry of 
"more! more!" 

The day before yesterday I started from 
Washington 1*4 th four volunteers, two ladies 
and two gentlemen, three of the party being 
from your city; and several being accus- 
tomed to army traveling and hospital nurs- 
ing. One of the ladies is the wife of one 
of our generals, and the other is the writer 
of that exceUent little pamphlet — ** Three 
Weeks at Gettysburg." The steamer we 
were on was well loaded with supplies — 
somewhere about sixty tons — and a score or 
two of relief agents to reinforce those al- 
ready «n the field and at Fredericksburg. 
Beaching Belle Plain — so called from its 
being a series of high hills — just as the twi- 
light was setting on the beautiful and varied 
tints of verdure with which the last week or 
two of summer weather have covered its 
slopes, we found a repetition of the scenes 
I have before witnessed, at the same place, 
in the spring of last year, and at various 
other places on the Peninsula and else- 
where, during the dillerent campaigns of 
the war. A couple of rudely constructed 
.wharves, a mile or two apart, jut out into 
the placid waters of the broad cr^ek, and 
lying against these, four or five deep, are 
steamers and barges of aU kinds and sizes, 
loading and unloading so busily that you 
might imagine yourself on the docks of 
Boston, New York, or Philadelphia. Boxes, 
barrels, and bales pass from the holds and 
decks of the vessels, on the shoulders of 
long strings of contrabands, or on trucks, 
slong the crazy wharf of the beach, and are 
there transferred to army-wagons, which, 
•Iter bein^ BUed, join the procession of 



similar vehicles, each drawn by four stout 
horses, that, with few gaps in the long road 
up the ascent and along its crest, wind 
slowly and toilsomely, as far as the eye can 
reach, towards Fredericksburg and the ad- 
jacent camps. So far as the vessels and 
wharf are concerned, the scene resembles 
the unloading of vessels in a seaport town; 
but in a seaport town one does not — in 
peace times at least — see hosts of uniformed 
and armed men tramx^ from the decks along 
the wharves to join the hosts preceding 
them; nor does one see regiments of troop- 
ers tugging at the reins of unmanageable 
horses that plunge fiercely among the sway- 
ing masses of humanity and the unflinching 
masses of merchandise that line their way. 
But what can there be to load vessels with 
in an out-of-the-way creek, running up into 
a country, from the hills of which one may 
look all round to the horizon without one*s 
eye resting on a human habitation? — a per- 
manent habitation, I should say, for every 
strip of land in sight that is not covered 
with trees is dotted with tents and bivouacs 
and army- wagons, beneath the canvass and 
boughs of which are sheltered — as much as 
may be in the fast- falling rain — multitudes 
of weary men, as if collected into houses 
and streets would fill many villages, and 
turn the wilderness into a populous town. 
Thank goodness, when the spectator next 
watches the loading of a vessel in a com- 
mercial town, he will see nothing of what 
he now sees at this warfaring port of Belle 
Plain. All day long, and the day before, 
and several days before that, the ascending 
procession of wagons filled with rations, 
and of infantry and cavalry that have gone 
to reinforce Grant, have been met by a 
parallel line — a little way off, for the im- • 
promptu roads are too narrow to admit of 
vehicles passing each other — of ambulance^ 
filled with wounded men; and it is with 
these men, carried on stretchers from the 
ambulances, that the ''outward bound'' 
vessels are loaded. 

It is indeed a sad sight; but there is a 
great satisfaction in reflecting that one is 
standing in the midst of all kinds of com- 
forts and delicacies to reinforce the stock 
which has already been provided for these 
very men-, andm tftcovsoxiMi^i.'v^JJ^K^^ 
ing diatance a \iQJi<dLaoTSi!^ ^a%^ vM^soiwA. 



490 



The Sanitary CommiMum Bulletin. 



witli the wortlfl, ** U. S. Sanitary Commis- 
Kion," stroaiiiiug from its stiiff on tlio deck 
of a portly barge, comfortably liueil with 
nuiiibrrl(t.s.s good things for wear and diet, 
at tliat very moment — we can imagine with 
H stn^j^^th eipial to conviction, for not even 
"with the aid of a i)owerful glass" can onr 
point of sight enable us to discern behind 
the iiitt»rv<*iiing boxes and barrels — under 
proci'ss of distribution to the poor fellows 
OS th«'\' art* carried past to the boats that 
an* about to convey them to Washington. 

It is now dark. The rain has somewhat 
abatt'd, but t^ven if it poured as much as 
(iwv it would not be i)osHible to restrain 
tlM' ladies from entering at once on their 
sclf-iiMposod duties. So I help them into 
a boat and we are rowed to the dock, and 
an* SMOM on l)oard our barge, or storeboat 
as it is rjilh'd. But the procession of 
wrni!id«d UHMi is over for the night; and 
i]ni." lliJif liavc come before are on their 
w;iy t'» Wasliington, while those in transitu 
trnni tliir bat thi-ti elds are resting in wayside 
i-.tfitioMi, or in the ambulances conveying 
Ih'jii a poor way for wounded and sore 
fii'ii to pass the night, but such as the 
rrm] iHCfssities of war render unavoidable. 
hi: Sl'inur tells us that the nearest of the 
roniinisMon's feeding lodges is some half 
fiiih- up the Jiill, and that its cax)acity will 
ti',i :m I III it of any more attendance than that 
w}ii«lj i-» aln»ady supplied. As the ladies 
ruijn: to n-nder aid where it is needed, not 
it, ^^JpjJant that which is previously pro- 
vidi'J, th«ry tliink it advisable not to wade 
up to tli«i j«>dgii knee-deep in Virginia mud, 
ti^ii do th' y consider the cause of humanity 
'U:iuiiii'h the waking up of some poor fel- 
l',\s>. v.ho uro waiting the next boat, and 
lJi< :i' I jjji Mistering to them of pound cake, 
lfii>. and siirn^ptitioiLs draughts of bad 
wiij:^J'>'; nt v;i: presently get into the row- 
fjoat>. :ind ladies are before long occupying 
iU*'. jiilot hous^;--the polite and ejected cap- 
luiij Mf'trking other quarters— while the men 
di^-JJOs^^ themselves for the night uj^on the 
drrks, those that have rubber coats or 
blankets to keep off the rain, now descend- 
ing faster than ever—feeling their great 
a<l vantage over those who, rubberless, vain- 
ly s«M'k dry npots wherever there are no 
l«:akin{r places iu the ceiled roof. 

7'/jo next morning — very early indeed, 



8lee])ing accommodations offering few in- 
ducements to people of sybaritic tendencies 
— the relief agents are almost all started to 
Fredericksburg, and our small party enter 
the lists as relief agents on the spot. The 
scene of yestfvday is renewed in all its de- 
tails, and as the wounded men are borne 
in, hour after hour, in one long string, the 
l)ale and often blood-stained occupant of 
every stretcher is furnished, according to 
his neeils, by one or other of the "party, 
with crackers, beef- tea, coffee, wine, water, 
or lemonade. The wine and lemonade are 
given only on the advice of a medical man, 
and sometimes the one is intensified into 
brandy, and the other into the unmixed 
juice of lemon. But for men exhausted 
with lying on the battle-field for many 
hours, sometimes for a day or two, without 
food or drink, thence to the operating table 
and thence to the ambulance, the other 
things may be given, in most instances, in 
such quantities as they crave. Poor fel- 
lows, they clutch at them — but always with 
a ** thank you"— as if they thought they 
could swallow the basket or bottle along 
with the contents, but a few mouthfnla ia 
generally all they have strength to manage. 
It is best for each one of such a relief 
party to confine oneself to the distribution 
of a single article, the cracker man never 
trenching on the lady*s coffee pail, and the 
coffee lady leaving the beef religiously to 
another. Infinitely more may be done by 
systematically pursuing this plan of spe- 
ciality. If, when the beef tea is being car- 
ried round, some poor fellow shakes his 
head and imploringly asks for water or 
stimulant, one must not set down the beef 
tea to be kicked over before one gets back, 
and rush off to spend half an hour in 
searching for water or stimulant, so depriv- 
ing a hundred men of beef tea for the sake 
of trj-ing to get something which will pro- 
bably be furnished him by the allotted 
water or whisky bearer in three minutes 
after. One must humanely harden one's 
heart, and say with stem tenderness: " Yes, 
my boy, all right, a lady will be along with 
some delicious iced water in a minute or 
two," and he will probably smile and say, 

** Thank you, sir, all right— I can wait 
Bay, mister, there*s a fellow right across 

tliete — ^V\vBLt ou!& V^VXi \^ \^ qS^ and his 



The Sattitary Commisaion BuBdin. 



491 



head bonnd np— )ie belongs to my com- 
pany — ^he ain*t had nothing to eat since the 
day before yesterday. I guess he'd like 
some o' that ere stuff. Won't you please 
give him some?" 

But the giving of sustenance is not all 
the work. One man complains of his head 
being too low, and his oVercoat has to be 
rolled up — or, failing in that, the straw 
round him has to be gathered up to form a 
pillow for him. (The pallets and bedding 
baye given out, though the first boat's load 
sent off were as comfortably provided for as 
if in the wards of a general hospital, and the 
men we are tending are lying on the decks 
on straw, but this they count luxury after 
the battle-field and ambulance.) Another 
wants a handkerchief, and another a pair df 
aocks. This man's shirt is all torn and 
bloody, and must be replaced by another. 
One man complains of the intolerable heat, 
and some of his clothing must be removed; 
another is shivering with cold, and more 
clothing or an extra blanket must be pro- 
Tided for him. Here is one who feels the 
- hand of death upon him, and the head of 
that one of our party who is with him is 
bent down to catch from his white lips his 
last message to his friends. Five minutes 
after, the blanket is drawn smoothly over 
the face, and the quiet of the lately restless 
tjanbs shows that the weary soldier has 
longht his last battle, and entered into his 
rest. 

Continually through the day our party 
* has met others engaged in a like work, but 
all too busy and pre- occupied to notice 
each other, unless to render some necessary 
act of joint assistance to a sufferer, till one 
is met who labored with some of the party 
at G^ettysburg, and, perhaps, elsewhere. 
He joins us in our rounds, and when at 
night I ask him if he knows what has been 
done with the bodies of those I have seen 
die through the day on the boats and on 
the wharf, he tells me that he has helped 
that day to bury — and has read the funeral 
■ervice— -over the bodies of over sixty 
soldiers. He is, or is going to be, a clergy- 



We have, thus, administering to the poor 
fellowB' needs, traversed the decks and 
oabins and every foot of superficies, avail- 
able for the ontatretched or partially re- 



cumbent form of a man, of four vessels; and 
now for some cause there is c^ lull in the ar- 
rivals and the turmoil. This gives us time 
to look at our watches, and to our amaze- 
ment we find it is five o'clock, instead of 
eleven or twelve, as we fancied. Thereup- 
on we apprehend it is no wonder we are 
faint, considering we have been working so 
hard all day on our six o'clock breakfast of 
crackers and ham. A sumptuous repast of 
crackers is not indeed the magnificent Bos- 
ton edible, but a softer and inferior sort — 
coffee is forthwith disposed of, and during 
the repast we discover that there is a sus- 
pension of ambulances and stretchers to al- 
low the passage of some thousands of rebel 
prisoners from Dixie to the land of the free 
in Fort Delaware and elsewhere — the free- 
dom of such strongholds being the kind 
they seem most to appreciate. Pretty soon 
there marched along, under guard, three 
men dressed in rebel grey and unarmed. 
Except for the black feather, cavalier fash- 
ion, across the front of the hat, and for the 
three stars on the upturned collar of one of 
them, they might have been taken, so far 
as dress was concerned, for privates, but 
these insignia showed the rank of a Briga- 
dier-General in the Confederate senice. 
This was General Stuart, a handsome fel- 
low, some thirty-five years old, I should 
judge; and who endeavored to conceal his 
feelings beneath a jaunty and somewhat de- 
fiant manner. His older companion, wrap- 
ped up in a grey overcoat, without any in- 
signia of rank visible, and whose grizzly 
hair showed through sundry rents in the 
most ** shocking bad hat" I ever saw, is 
Major- General Johnson ; and the third pris- 
oner is his ad j utant-geueral. Being brought 
to a halt they sit down on some boxes, and 
Johnson draws from his pocket a copy of 
the Washington Morning Chronicle, and 
picking out the war news, reads something 
in a low tone to Stuart, who nervously 
laughs. Not placing implicit confidence 
myself in the war news of most of our news- 
papers, I fancy they may have discovered 
some slight mistake, and therefore feel no 
inclination to resent their raillery; but the 
crowd around are not so lenient, probably 
thinking strongly on the subject of Belle 
Island and ¥otV> ^V)\o^\ ^lA \>[i<^T&Kn:ts£Qa?!^ 
incTeaae xm^ai Wiet^ \ss lot ^ T&c^s£Q^A^ ^as^- 



492 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



ger of viulonoo being oftert'd to the priscjip- 
ors; but a few stern words from the oa2)taiu 
of tlie giianl, untl the ringing of the bayon- 
ets of the latttM', soon restores orih-r, and 
the (Jrnerals and Adjutant are irinrehed 
([uietly otr to the boat that is to convey 
them to Fort Dehiware or wlierever elso. 
Ill a littl«! wUih^ they are foUowrd by a niul- 
tituih' of rebel ollieers — four liundred in 
number, it is said — of every rank, from 
cohmel to seeond lieutenant, but none with 
any marks of rank detectable exeei)t in few 
oases where the coat collar was turned up, 
when; one or two more dandyfied than the 
rest had decorated the lapels of their coats 
^\'itll their insignia. At lirst I tliought they 
Were privates; for, even apart from their 
dres^, tliey jiresented, in the mass, little 
evidences of superiority to the rank and tile 
of our men: but I was told tliat the large 
body of their fellow })risoners of the rank 
and iWv, wlio followed them — they came 
shortly after, but I was too busy to look at 
tliem— were decidedly inferior to them in 
all resi)ects. CXue of them, almost a boy, 
entered into a luditical argument with one 
of his guard, an old sergeant from New- 
York wlio stood by me, embracing the 
questi4)ns of slaveiy, the constitutional right 
of .sec( .'-.sion, etc. ; and which, notwithstand- 
ing niy suggestion that if verbal argument 
had jjroved of any avail to settle the ditler- 
ence between the North and the South they 
would not have be(?u called upon to fight 
(•aeh other, finally grew general and warm, 
and was oidy finish(^d by the party being 
marched oil* to their quarters. 

'i'lie ai'rival of the i)risoners had brought 
a n<w set (;f claimants on the stores of the 
Cunjiiii^-iion -not w<mnded nor sick, l.)ut 
very hungry men, who liad been guarding 
the prisoners since the evening before, and 
many of whom had nothing to eat during 
that tim<-. C'on.siilering that the mission 
of the (Commission, like that of (piinine, is 
not only curative, but rather and mainly 
prophylactic,! disi)ensed to them of crackers 
fwrcordiiig to their needs; but they made 
no demand of <?ourse on the dt^licacies. 

Meanwhih? the rest of the party had re- 
newed on another boat which was prepar- 
iiig to leave, and was fiust being filled uij 
wit}] fir.sh arrivals of wounded, their labors 
of the fore i)art of the day. I returned liitlier 



with a boat load of wouftdeil, leaving Belie 
Plain between 10 and IIP. M., and getting 
to Wiushington in the early morning. 

W'lnm I left it was quite djirk, and after 
heli>ing my last case aboard — a handsome 
boy who told' me he would be ** seventeen 
come next birth-day" — and changing the 
shirt he had not changed for three weeks, 
after washing away from a wound in his 
side the blood that soiled the skin, looking 
so fair and white beneath in contrast to his 
sunburnt face and neck, I watched for a 
few minutes the scene spread out before me 
as the ves.sel receded from the dock. All 
over the water twinkled the lights from the 
manj' vessels, some stationary, and some 
steaming to and fro, while far up the hill- 
sides gleamed the lights through the can- 
vas of the tents, giving the appearance of 
a large city ilhmiinated for some festival, 
the effect being heightened by the broad 
and high flickering flames of innumerable 
camp fires, like so many fenx-de-joie. So we 
steamed up the quiet river, passing by and by 
the house of the great man who so toillully 
won for his national children the rich herit- 
age some of them would now rend asunder; 
and the moon, stniggling every now and 
then through the clouds which still sailed 
across the sky, looked down on the white 
faces and ghastly wounds of those whom 
their brothers had stricken down. The 
night watch was but a repetition of the 
work of the day, and during its weary 
hours the same wonderful fortitude amid 
their wounds and sufferings was observable; 
hardly a groan or sigh to be heard, except 
from two or three who were delirious; and 
even as I sat by the driver on the ambu- 
lance which conveyed some of them from 
the Washington wharf to the hospital to 
which they were assigned, I only beard a 
low moan now and then, as the horses 
struggled throiigh the i)itfalls of the city of 
magnificent distances. 

My next letter will be written'to you, I 
think, from Fredericksburg, and I will 
finish this by calling your attention to the 
care with which I have kept my promise of 
not asking for more. Nevertheless, after 
premising that the medico-military author- 
itii^s caution us not to be too profuse at the 
beginning, for that the real fighting has 
not yet begun, I cannot do less than point 



The Sanitayn Commission Bulletin. 



my story with a moral; but what the moral 
is, I will leave to your own reflections. 
Very respectfully and truly yours, 
AiiFHED J. Bloor, 

Autttant Secretary. 



ISSUES OF STORES TO THE ARMY IN 
VIRGINIA. 

The following statement shows the issnes 
made by the U. 8. Sanitary Commission to the 
Armies of Virginia in the field daring the month 
of May, 1864: 



130 Mit ciubioiifl. 

10 air beilH. 

8,541 bed Ucks. 

965 bed paua. 

2.KM blauktrts. 

371 duuuben. 

Sl'2 caftndlMtlcks. 

9,60s combs, coarse. 

1.7-iO •• fine. 

ft,S17 cushions. 

110 head rests. 

876 lanWms. 

815 medicinG caps. 

98S •• tubes. 

968 pes. mosquito netting. 

163 rolls oU silk. 

8,aM piUows. 

1,4*14 pillow cases. 

S,3UU pillow ticks. 

l,20d quilto. 

654 ring cushions. 

l,41<i sheets. 

965 spittoons. 

#94 spit cups. 

1,796 towels, 

7,406 tin cups. 

1,33^> tin wash basins. 

l.W» tin plates. 

96*2 urinals. 

144 uiattrcsses. 

1,114 knives and forks. 

9,905 spittoons. 

45 stretchers. 

100 dippers. 

8,427 pes. cotton drawers. 

19,304 pes. woolen drawers. 

14,9»1 handkerchiefii. 

9,960 forage, (oats; bushels. 

15,000 lbs. hay. 

« bbls. salt beef. 

6 cases dessicated TCg. 

1,667 lbs. ham 

19 shaving brushes. 

19 razors. 

197 lbs. lard. 

67 pes . cotton pants. 

6^403 cotton shirts. 

19,507 woolen shirts. 

47*i shoes. 

2,909 slippers. 

8,908 cotton socks. 

9,451 woolen socks. 

MH wrappers. 

696 pails. 

67 canes, 

6 pocket flasks. 

80 cots. 

89 bbls. ale. [See porter.] 

144 bottles ale. 

181 bbls. dried apples. 

100 lbs. arrow root. 

8.165 lbs. beef Rtock. 

9,614 bottl«-s brandy. 

4,633 lbs. canned meat. 

9,954 lbs. canned f^it 



40 axes. 
18 hand sawH. 
44 hatchets. 
403 lbs. noils. 
38 shovels. 

SINHlcH. 

3,lU(^lbft. ground cofTe^. 

18,013 lbs. condensed milk. 

353 bbls. crackerfi, 

3,583 lbs. com starch. 

13 bbls. com meaL 

3 bbls. dried peaches. 

3,638 b()ttU>H ext ginger. 

6.48U lbs. iariua. 

34 packages golatina. 

48 botUcH gin. 

63 hot. jellit's and preserves, 

408 boxes lemons. 

6O0 bottles lemon syrup. 

l.KU Iba. maizena. 

360 IbH. mustard. 

20 lbs. nutmegs. 

3,344 lbs. oat meal. 

943 gal 8 pitrkles. 

70 bbls. p<)rt4;r. 

60 •• potatoes. 

400 lbs. rice. 

13 botUes N. E. rum. 

1,068 " Jamaica mm. 

11,808 lbs. sugar. 

110 lbs. Mpiet>rt. 

5111, gals, tamarinds. 

1,488 lbs. black tea. 

1,300 lb». gnen tea. 

3.300 Ibrt. tobacco. 

358 gals, vinegar. 

34 bots. rsRpberry vinegar. 

3,960 bots. toroign wine. 

110 coffee iH>ta. 

3 bblH. llour. 

13 reams wrapping paper. 

183 galls.-molaiMrs. 

17 >c galls, kerosene oiL 

1 chlseL 

1 SiTcw-driver. 

13 gimbl«>ts. 

976 bottlt-A domestic wine. 

3,630 butUes whbiky. 

33 galls, whittky. 

3M0 bottl^H alcohol. 

38 bbls. l#iidugcs. 
099 bottleH buy mm. 
1,017. iMHly bauds. 

5 box«H books. 
620 bottlcH cologne. 
3.843 cmtches. 
7,760 fans. 
51 games. 
31 bbls. lint. 

39 bbl. old linen. 
3.366 AlingH. 

053 lbs. soap. 
309 > 3 lbs. HiKmges. 
1,915 lbs. randies. 
3,8o8 l\)A. butter. 



4,969 lbs. canned vegetables. i,645 lbs. cheese. 



819 bottles cherry rum. 
aaSIbs cocoa. 
8,684 lbs. sweet chocolate. 
1,966 lbs. ext. cofTee. [8ee 

Coffee.] 
M9Ib8. dried bMH 



3,619 doz. e;?grt. 
6,387 loaveH bread. 
735 pai>ent pms. 
31,335 envelopes. 
330 bottles ink. 
68 reams writing paper. 
6,398 peacils. 



1.288 pen holders. 

1,288 pens. 

1,300 lbs. oakum. 

4.000 pipes. 

640 lbs. chloroform. 

45 bottles spirits camphor. 

13 cook stoves and fixtures. 
17 wall tents. 

1 quire aand paper. 

9 can openers. 
49 .'a lbs. twine. 
40 corkscrews. 
243 pre. scissors. 

8 iwppcr boxes. 

10 lbs. saleratus. 
70 lbs. pepper. 

23 tin pauH, for wash'g dishs 
1,483 Ibd. salt. 

54 boxes oranges. 

100 camp kettles. 

17 frying pans. 

44 rolls adhcHive plaster. 

4 nutmeg graters. 

30 camp stools. 

12 baskets. 

6.000 feet lumber. 

16,000 lbs. straw. 

24 china plates. 
20 yds oil cloth. 
200 catharUc piUs. 
6,000 opium pills. 

2.000 opium and camp, pills. 
60 smoked tongues. 
221 mbber blankets. 
253 open links. 

14 feed troughs. 

9 boxes si)liuts. 
36 gross matches. 
683 yds. mbber cloth. 
17 oz. morphine. 

20 yds. white flannel. 
1,870 lbs. chloride of lime. 



3^ lbs. ligature silk. . 

160 haversacks. 

84 blowers. 

100 hospital car loops. 

8 water coolers. 

2 lbs. bromint!. 

50 lbs. patent lint. 

24 dressing fauccps. 

16 papers tacks. 

100 yards wire. 

6 door mats. 

1 gross needles. 

65 lbs. mutton tallow. 

1 piece sheeting. 

1 refrigerator. 

2 stove 1>oilers. 

30 boxes clilorinium. 
6 lx)xes clothiug. 
6 rttcking chairs. 
57 bottles cider. 

12 faun;ts. 

3 faucet augurs. 
1 pump. 

334 canteens. 

73 boxes blacking. 

34i3 boxes sardines. 

800 i>apvr t>ags. 

3 washing machines. 

13 blank books. 
97 'a tons ice. 

13 bottles copperas. 

3 bi>ttliui chloride soda. 

3 medicine chests. 

6 stove bruHhes. 

1 bbl salt i)ork. 

13 stew pans. 

13 fr>'ing iwus. 

2.200 lbs. frt»sh beef. 

36 four-horse wagons, with 
harness, whips, extra whif- 
fletrees. \c., complete. 

156 two-horse wagons, do. 



The foll(w^iug anti-scorbatic stores were sent 

from New York and stored in Bidtimore. About 

one-third of these were loaded on board the 

Kidley, and taken to Norfolk in tow of the Kent. 

4.2ta galls, pickled tomatoes. 
51.813 lbs. canned tomutoos. 
1,106 galls. i'urrie<l cabbage. 
671 bbls. dried apples. 
15,16S galls, saur kraut. 
4,162 galls, pickles. 
3.580 galls, pickled onions. 
13.060 lbs. apple piUp. 
2,400 boxes i)ortable lemonade. 
1 tub apple butter. 
1 doz. ginger wine 



REV. DR. WINSLOW. 

A largo circle of friends and the public will 
deeply mourn the death of the Rev. Gordon 
Wtsbuow, M. D., of the Sanitary Commission. 
He fell overboard from a transport, on the morn- 
ing of the 7tti of June, and was drowned in the 
Potomac, At the time he was accompanying 
his wounded son, Col. Cleveland Winslow, (Dur- 
yea Zouaves, ) to WaS^ngton, and was engaged 
in various duties attendtuit upon his position. 

Dr. Winslow was bom in Vermont, in 1804, 
prepared for Yale College at Andover, Mass., 
and gmduated at that institution. Soon after his 
attention was drawn to the Episcopal Church, 
and he became rector of a church in Troy, New 
York, and subsequently in Annapolis. After- 
wards, he was for many years rector of St 
Paul's, Staten Island, and Chaplain of the Qoar- 



494 



The Sanitary Commi ion BvUdin. 



an til It'. At the outbreak of the rebellion he was 
appuintrd Clmploiu of the Diirj'oa Zounveii, and 
a<-ci>ni|>iinitMl that rcp^n^^nt in all its trying 
Kccin s and har(1-foup;ht battles. He was dis- 
tin;;uishtHl for his bravery, and his services 
gaini'il f<ir him hi;;h onnlit and ronoik-n among 
the army. Ilf> al^o stTvod on the Sanitary Com- 
iiiissiitn, and when hi.s rt'f^iment returned last 
yrar lu« was ap] Minted Inspector of the Army of 
the PotoiiKu*. IHh etHc'ieucy and vidoablc ser- 
vi<TM will ni»t soon bo forgotten. 

l)K. Wissujw possessed a tine social nature, 
full tif ^iu>d hi-art and noble Koid. His traits of 
c-haiai-ttT were remarkably wt-U blended. All 
his nii>tivt's and pLins witc of a hii;h and noble 
t':tst. His mind wivs acute, artivo and fertile, 
lb- w.is tln»rouj;hly convors;int with literature 
and Si-iiiK'f. and he often contributed for the 
priss iiud various literary' publications. But he 
has (li parted, cut down in the midst of useful- 
nrss. and his loss will be felt by friends and the 
pnlilie. A )>ure and trne-niin<led man. sincere 
(Miiistiaii, noble soul, and <^enen>us nature have 
pjisM'd tVtim earth to Heaven. Dr. Winsu>w 
Ira MS a wile and two sons, both of whom are 
ftlViiM iM ill the army. He was a brother of tlie 
lit V. Ilul)barfl Wins low, I). I)., and of the emi- 
nent nii>sii)nary. Dr. Mvron Winslow. 



eu|i 

H|\ 
M. p 
thl. 
III.' 

mil 
iiii I 

Inll. 

n..i 



TIIK rillLADELnilA FAUL 
he building's for the fair are enonnous, oc- 
viii;: all of liOj-an Sipmre. a space of nearly 
l.v ri\e hundred feet. There are ninety 
li.itr di-partments in the fair, and to travel 
•livli inch will be abfuit a two-mile walk to 
IIII Ml "US N)»et>tator. A fifty cent ticket ad- 
■; a visitor to eij^hty-one of these depart- 
il .. llii< i>lher nine are extra. They are as 
i\\'<, and th(^ admi(tanct> ti> each is as speci- 

\ J M Jallery !>."» cents. 

MiTlieiilture 2"> ** 

liMli.iii !>• partnient 'J;") 

.Si.'iior lilil/ 'I'y •* 

A Miri and Trophies 20 

Ki Ill's iind CurioMties "JO 

Williaiii rmn rarh>r 10 

t;i,iitiiiK I'ontl 10 

hiMiii 10 



Total SI 70 

I'm ilii< huni i>t' %:*J 'JO a visitor st>es the whole 

" iiir^ht." which may be truly tlesi^natcd a min- 

latiiii- world. t 

Thl' building's are li^ht, airy, and comfv^rt- > 

libit-; tiir more ]ileaNant inside than their appenib ! 

MUti' I'lilhulv winM Itviokvn, Thu ducoraUoua i 



ins de are most complete, the seTexal wingp 
being gaily plumed in red, white, and bine, 
presenting pleasing, patriotic, and beantifiil 
pictures. Standing at the main or eastern en- 
trance of the gr^at arched building known as 
** Union Hall," we haTe to onr right and left 
the sections for Delaware and New Jersey, and 
directly in front a continuous view to the ex- 
tent of five hundred feet of Gothic archway, the 
base line being sixty-four feet, and the apex 
being an elevation of fifty feet. 

The largo collection of banners, flags, and 
paintings have been used with admirable judg- 
ment, and the firemen may well challenge com- 
parison with the decorations in any other d^ 
partment. The goods offered for sale in this 
portion of the building are among the most at- 
tractive of the fair. Union Avenue centains a 
great variety of articles, and as the exhibiton 
have been left to their own fimcy in the matter < 
of decorations for the counters a^d shelves, the 
display is varied, and no better place could have 
been selected for the opening ccremoniea. 

For the accommodation of the speakers, in- 
vited guests, A:c., a large platform was erected 
in the western end of the avenue, which was 
decorated in keeping with the main body of the 
hall. The crowd began to pour in long before 
the time .announced for the commencement of 
jtroceedingH, and when the hout of four arrived 
every Ri>ot along the whole avenue was occupied. 
The scene presented was most pleasing indeed, 
especially to those who were iavored with a 
position on the platform, where they could 
freely siau all before them. The exercises wen 
o|>ened by music, **Uail Columbia," by a fall 
orchestra. — iVi 'dadt 1j)fi ia Inquirer. 



Dr. AlcsaDder McDonald, Inspector United 
Stat IS Srtiiitary Commifesion, in letter of June 2d, 
Dernimla Hundred, says: *'.We have just arrived 
at the Hundred. !J A. M. Stopped last nigbt at 
Wi1>oir.s Landing, and left saur kraut, potatoes 
and onions lor the forces there and at Fort Pow- 
hatan, ami are now making arrangements for 
having >uppli€s at Bermuda Hundred." 



St>LI>IEir.S HOME AT CAIRO. 

Tlio reports for the five weeks ending ^laj 
2ii<l, show, that during that period 10,423 men 
wtTc ntlinitted : 7.041 lodginp^, and 2<),3(i5 meals 
Wire turn. shed, while transportation was pio- 
cureil tor ^:ii^ 

The advance of Sherman's Army into Geor- 
gia. Io:iviiii{ a very long line through a wasted 
country in his rear, vriH render the estt^lisb- 
uunit ef a number of new *< Homes" along it 
uoc^fisax^. 



The Sanitary Commission BvUdin. 



495 



OUB CONSULS ABROAD, 

The Earopean BranAi iu Paris of the U. S. 
Sanitarj Commission, have frequently had occa- 
8ion to acknowledge the yalnable aid rendered 
by the American Consuls in Europe to the Com- 
mission, and have made particular mention, in 
this relation of James O. Putnam, Consul at 
Hayre; Mr. Thaddeus Hyatt, at Bochelle; and 
lir. Jaor.es Lesby, at Lyons, i 

Our countryman, Mr. John R. Tait, resident 
ftt Dusseldorf, has, by unceasing exertions, ob- 
tained very large and valuable donations from 
a great number of nobleminded and generous 
artists in that place. 



A LESSON WELL LEARNT. 
From Charles Dickens's "All the Tear Round." 

"When the shadow of death hung over 
the Itiilixin campaign, from which Italy 
knew how to take more liberty than it was 
meant that she should have, a citizen of 
Geneva, M. Henri Dunant, had his heart 
strengthened for noble labors by the recol- 
lection of the work done by Florence Night- 
ingale iu the Crimea. If there must be 
wars, why may thejr not be fought out by 
civilized nations with common recognition 
of the common duties of humanity V What 
if there were a General European Sanitary 
Commission ? By his energetic labor com- 
petent men of many countries were brought 
together last year in the International Con- 
gress upon this question at Geneva — our 
Inspector General of Hospitals, then rep- 
resenting Great Britain, by authority of 
oar Secretary of War, with competent offi- 
cial deputies from France, and from Aus- 
tria, and from Russia, and from Prussia, 
Italy, Spain, Sweden, Bavaria, Wurtem- 
burg, Baden and Hesse, Hanover and Hol- 
land. 

We know not what may come of the 
movemout thus commenced, but we are 
glad to learn, from a little book called **A 
Woman's Example and a Nation's Work,*' 
published by Ridgway,) that in tlie midst 
of all the miseries of civil war in America, 
the lesson taught by Florence Nightingale 
has not been lost upon a kindred p(?ople. 
The newspai^ers tell all the battle stories, 
and have enabled us to sup full of the hor- 
rors of the strife. Of the pity, and the 
deeds of mercy it engenders, we have not 
been told all we might hear. 

Tho women on each side connected them- 
selves at the outbre.ik of the war with the 
great work of healing and solace. The 
South hiis as.surodly and certainly not been 
behind the North in generous self-sacrifice, 
but from the South few records come to us 
as yet; at present it is only of what has 
been done in the North that we can tell 
the tale. 



The women began their work of mercy 
by filling churches, schoolrooms, and the 
large houses of many wealthy persons, with 
lint-scrapers, cutters, folders, and packers 
of the linen they gave to tho use of the 
wounded. Then they organized themselves, 
first in New York, into a "Woman's Cen- 
tral Association of Relief;" like bodies 
were constituted elsewhere, and advice was 
sought from men of experience. They 
were advised to ascertain what government 
could and would do in the direction to 
which their work tended, then to work 
with it, and by their own liberality of gifts 
and labor, supplement its unavoidable 
short-comings. The clergyman of New • 
York who was forejnost in giving this coun- 
sel, the Rev. Dr. Bellows, accompanied by 
three of the chief physicians of New York, 
Drs. Van Buren, Harris, and Har8en,went, 
therefore, in deputation to Washington for 
conference with the Secretary of War. 
They represented not only the ** W^oman's 
Central Association," but also the Advisory 
Committee of the Boards of Physicians 
and Surgeons of the New Yqrk Hospitals, 
and the New York Medical Association for 
furnishing Hospital Supplies in aid of the 
Army. The three bodies were all acting 
harmoniously together in turning to tho 
best account the free gifts from the city 
and State of New York, designed in aid of 
the comfort and security of the troops. 
They petitioned for some rigor in inspec- 
tion of volunteers, that unsuitable persons 
might not be sent to certain death iu the 
Army ; the Woman's Association was about 
to send for service in the general hospitals 
of the Army one hundred picked and train- 
ed female nurscji, and they asked that the 
War Department should be content to re- 
ceive on wages during actual duty as many 
of such nurses as the exigencies of tho 
campaign might require. They suggested, 
also, the appointment of a Sanitary Com- 
mission, whi<;h Pn^sident Lincoln scofled 
at as a ** fifth wheel to the military coach." 
This memorial was very coldly received by 
the War Department and theMedical Bu- 
reau of tlie Army. The United States San- 
itary Commission, which has by this time 
turned to right use in works of health and 
mercy, voluntary contributions amounting 
to about two millions of money, got its first 
lift towards existence iu a note of recom- 
mendation from Dr. R. C. AVood, Acting 
Surgeon General to * the United States 
Army. 

The four delegates then at once sent in a 
skettrh of the plan of such a Commission, 
specifying all they asked for it from the 
Government ; no new legal powers whatever, 
and none of the i>ublic money; but simply 
official public recognition diuing the war, 
or until it should be found unserviceable, 
and a room in one ol IVi^ \3.>a\i\Sa Vroj^^^^g^ 
in Waahingtoii ox «i\a^^\i'ct^^ ^«SJ2i^ ^^vai^k^soc- 



Tho Sttnifanj Commimon B'/Vxtin. 



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....•i..ii:' .11.. I |.i. 'Miitioii j.u'aiii^t of tlnir irjii»it<. la -h i''»ii>i'»iiri;r cif :iii-^wi?rs 

I III ii II .'.Ml. I. iiifi i-tiou, \^•.: t'i ji si't ol o]:r hiiLar<d an J eighty printed 

I I.' 'I '.iii.-l. iiMii I'ort ', tri»n>i- jju-'-ti'Hi^-. 

.Ill III II I .|M. iiir.s,. 4'aiii|) .Mr.Minvliil ■. til" ( Jnvi'rnnii/ut h:i«l takon 

■ I • .' 'ion o! ||.i |iii.i|,. llo^j•it.ll iMi st<'p tn\\ur«N thf ••r^'aiiizutiini fur war 

i.; I. .ill. Hi oi I],.- |i.iiiii.tii- mt- piir|ioKi-^ of th'- Mi-iliral U'ln-aii. l-oyoiul 

. . .|...i.li 'M. 111. II oiiiMT^ iImiii- liir appoi.-itiinnt ot a Surirroii tft'iii'r.il. who 

I. 1 . il,« iihi th.ii. of :i'iil»ii- at om-i- pi- .iioiiin'»'il ai:;!iii'»t t\n' Sanitary 

.. ' . .1 ..• .. oil .!i.i h:. lii'.:hii.l. (*..nin.i--i'in. aii'l il'-flar.-.l that •• ht; Would 

.' . i.lii. ii. III.- .an- i»r liavi- not!:;!:.:' to »1.» with it:'" for it w:is*'a 

., .ii'i •....!'. I. I. pirijoii-i roiu'ip'ion t.» all.»w any Mu-h oiit- 

, ■■•...:.■ 1 ii 1,1-1 ^'iviii to villi' ImmIv to ron.!" int'» luiiifi." Tln^ Cdiu- 

. .1 ..1 Ml !i :i t '..!ijiii> i-ni. in ini««>ion, how.vir. liaviiij^ ln'i.ii alrrady au- 

' • III- !i t.i- III p.ii.i'.'iapli thori/.«'il liv ( i.iviTnni'-nt. hf con^^t-ntt-d to 

i I . '..'i.. i!i .•"!.!' siipi ii lA- it-< ai-iion for tli" volnntirr-:, <»n ci^nilition 

I • ' -.iK'n! .• -1 v.ill .\i't nntil that it n« m r nn-ddh-d with tht.* rrgiilar 

■ •. I.; \\ .1! I II oi '.i-rw i-f di- troo]»-. 

' ..-/ "/■ ■■■ '■ '■ / >:> • '■■/ .." - 'J'hi^^ wondi rfiil ;,'i-nth'm:in t'f»nlin«'d him- 

I '.In. il.iii" lo I ;,".\ ill it thill- .•-( If t«» tin- luaintrnano' cff rvi-ry oitl ri'^^ihi- 

: . '■. lit;-.!! .■!:■■. is.io < till' At- tion. and n-is1«-d t-vi-ry attempt at *' inuo- 

van«»n" to a hipt what un>;ht hav»^ snlUofd 

I ■ . • Mi:.l1iiiii' th. :iriiiy. iiil.l«iily (pia.l- for lln- c.\^* i»f a. bii.^h-tijilitin^ army of 

I • • I ... il. tii-H III III til'- i-onjiiioiii ^t ri'- t\v(l\«- tiion'^and. t<> thr ^rc.iti-r n»i'd> »»f a 

I. . oi .-...iiiiM". lH•.|..^|;^ ami lio-pit.d tn iimimIhiin t-ivil w:Lr. S«> thi'H' !>roM* t*ivil 

• ■. i.li- t In- I".-. I --ol.li. j'*i :iid MM-ii'tii-, war hctwci'ii thf Sanitary ('<fniniis<iou and 

«• ! 'I !!i .I'ji.ri nt .h-ti !.♦ . f-M- till" ' !iiTnr tlw Surirron ( i«-nfi"al; an«l Ww ('«>iMnii*»*»ion, 

. . . ..! ifo-..n jM-r liiav ho.ly oi M.iimti (T-; woikiii'; )»y ilrpiitatinns t<» tlir Ciovimnji-'ut, 

i- I .-.j l.y till- niar--liiii" - .-i:!'! counti-r- <•« niplain'"^ from Army i>niv«'r>. and ni«'mo- 

I.. .'.•.■- oi tli«* di'i.int ii -1111 -111 '. \\ii-i' liaU lo CoiiLin >s, prm'un-il thr ija.-^.^^ing nf a 

V. '.;• ii.ihl: '.Ml. Ill iii.-r'\. Of!.' of tli«' hill. dl:i\\ Ii lip l»y its CJWII JCxrrUtiVf L'"m- 

1- ' I. iili I ih.ij-^ of t li •• ( "oiiiiii;- 'joii was mitt* •". r«"or'.rain/in«^ fnndauifntally tlie 

1, ! ■■ io !li. -■• I.mmI ho.li. . th.' vhnrt- Midii-al !)■ p.irtnn-nt of tin' Army, appnint- 

;;■■ • ■•. . . of iliiir pro\ii..,al alii. ^. anil iiiir a h.»dy of ( J«-Tural Insp»'otor.s, and >ub- 

:-i ; ■!:!■. ihiow all tli-n- r. 'i:ii.-. ^ into stitniin-.: ^i'^' tin- old .KyMmi 4»f M-nit»nty, 

il. .': ...'loll of oil.- fihiiii. :i national prouii.tion for compt'tt-ni-y witlu»nt n^r.ard 

V..." < )i;. hy <.M-- tin- v.oji.. of w.iin.iti's to j.;raili- or aj.M-. Tliis victory ovrr routiuo 

J..".. !iiat !io\.- to foll.iw ill.- p.iit:.'Mlar lor- having' Im-ih won. thi» ('t»mmis.si()u itM-lf 

t..'. ..; hi. . Jill r ■ and Irnn.!- w.i- ^-..f li«r.'d .sonuht th*- nio«*i i-oniju-tint man f»>r Siir- 

.'i«..i.. '.'iiaJ national in-ut. ;iiiil tin- I'kmI i4:i-on (h III ral. ami i-ndravon-d to ft)ri"<tidl 

;:i.| 'S.:!. • hi .ami- hraiii-ln-^ of tin' ('"in- any i-ham-.' of an apjxiintnn'iit by fav.u-iti.-^m 

in; .-n. v.ifli Mr. ri-.d. lii-L L.iw (>lin-l«'d into whirli tin- S.vn-tary t»f War ini^dit bo 

l"! .! -.-n t..iy. tliai .tro\.- to .-. nir.- tlu' li'ni]>!«tl. Thi' ('onnni-^MiJn a«j;ain won its . 

v.. i! h 111" oi tin- Aiiii\, ami d.t.i-T tin* hattlf. an«l m iMirnl tin' })romotion <»f Dr. 

fiio;, n-iv. iii.ji ..,111.- hloi> upon it>, di i-iplinn W. A. Hammoml, Assistant Sur^fon «»n tlio 

\>l.. . -N. 1- til. y mi'.'lit hf. Iiilliniitial nn-n Midit-al Stall", to tin- po.st t»f Sni-jrciui (Iruo- 

iij I \. \\ ooi of tin- roiml ry now hi-canu- ral, an a-haii'T from tin* rank of lirf>t litMi- 

nnp;i:'l ;:.|\..im|i-; of tin- ( 'oniiiii-^-^ion as ti-nant, w itii diar:.!' of a sinjilr hospital, to 

...•i;ili- \h i!ihi-i^ :' lin-iilar-s. ^-i-ttini; that tif bri;^'atiirr ^i-m-ral. with tin- ontirc 

l':i- w.snts of tli.- Aniix. wt-vt' widily control of tin' Ab-dical Di-partnn-nt *A the 

i.l; -iiiit.ny aj-itation wa.^ kept n]»; Army. With its own m.-ni— a comju'tcut 

'■.. oi in ui-.-m'.- ronip.niji ■■ w.ii' m ido nmn. wlm hid i'V«ry ri-a-on to b«» j^ratt-ful 

ii. I t.iiid III- 11- iiii.iri in th ' Will- toil tloH in antln'rity. thf Sanitary C'om- 

• .in.l tin- ln*;ilth of tin- voliintfi'i-. niiv-ii^n h:nl its way mad«' \cry >iraip:ht. 

■ n It wa^ foiiml ihi- -^ oy to bn ak J)r. H.-jnini-md n vi.'-td his list of sid»orili- 

ilni \«'lii-i\i nn^- of Si itn sovi-;-. i.iriity. nat»"* with a bold liaml. p»t rid of thr ub- 

I- I (i"lii orjMiii/ itioii of tin- convey- >trnctivi- and inconipt-ti-nt iinii, and h<.»nt.'st- 

' / ///• h.tlr. /i/-o\idcd for list- of tin.' ly sought tin- bc^t In Ip in (U'ganizntioii of 

/.'I'Jj'h cut ml th'juds for dist viols, \io>yVyVvv\*, lv)\\\\\VvvWviVi v>l xsai yirmy lutdical 



\ 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



497 



school, and so forth. Before the civil war, 
theUDited States Army rivalled the Austrian 
in exclusiveness and firm adherence to rou- 
tine; and who can tell what tales of pesti- 
lence we might have heard, but for the 
victory thus won on behalf of women's 
work in time of peril? 

A part of the business of the Sanitary 
Commission was to diffuse gratuitously 
among the army surgeons, practical pam- 
phlets of information upon military hygiene, 
and the most important points of army 
medicine and surgery. Such pamphlets 
were the ** Directions to Army Surgeons on 
the Battle-field," by our own Guthrie, and 
the •* Advice as to Camping," issued by the 
British Sanitary Commission at the time of 
the Crimean War; pamphlets on **Pain and 
Anaesthetics," and on "Hemorrhage from 
Wounds, and the best Means of Arresting 
it," by the father of American surgery, Dr. 
Valentine Mott; pamphlets on Army vacci- 
nation, amxmtations, treatment of fractures, 
scurvy, fevers, &c. The largely increased 
number of Army surgeons hud to be drawn 
from civil hfe, and really needed informa- 
tion as to the new forms of practice in the 
field; while everywhere the teachings of 
Florence Nightingale were actively difiiised. 
Again, over the wide surface of the States 
involved in war, there was great variation 
of latitude, and almost every imaginable 
difference of ground, producing local dif- 
ferences in the character and aspect of dis- 
ease. Special investigation w^iis made of 
this subject, not only for the information of 
the Medical Staff, but as a necessary guide 
to the right distribution of the requisite 
sapplies. 

When, at the beginning of the war, the 
lines of action corresponded with tlie course 
of navi^ble rivers, floating hospitals ac- 
companied the armies. Here, with i^erliaps 
five hundred or a thousand sick soldiers 
arranged in a single river steamer, well- 
bom American women and some English 
volunteers were fearless and faithful nurses. 
Let ns see them at work. A lady speaks : 

** We were called to go on board the Wis- 
aahickon, from thence to the Si^ii Shore, and 
mn down in the latter to W(»st Point, to 
bring off twenty- five men said to be lying 
there sick and destitute. Two doctors went 
with us. After hunting an hour for the 
Sea Shore in vain, and having got as low 
as Cumberland, we detrided (we being Mrs. 

and I, for the doctors were new and 

docile, and glad to leave the res2>onsibility 
upon us women,) to i>ush on to the tug, 
rather than leave the men another night on 
the ground, as a heavy storm of wind and 
rain had been going on all day. The pilot 
remonstrated, but the captain approved; 
and if the firemen had not suddenly let out 
the fires, and detained us two hours, we 
might have got our men on board and re- 
tained coumortablj soon after dark. Bat 

Vol, L^No. 16. 32 



the delay lost us the precious daylight. It 
was night before the last man was got on 
bojird. There were fifty-six of them — ^ten 
vert/ sick ones. The boat had a little shel- 
ter cabin. As we were laying mattresses 
on the floor, whilst the doctors were finding 
the men, the captain stopped us, refusing 
to let us put typhoid fever below the deck, 
on account of the crew, he said, and threat- 
ened to push off at once from the shore. 

Mrs. and I looked at him. I did the 

terrible and she the pathetic, and he aban- 
doned the contest. The return passage was 
rather an anxious one. The river is much 
obstnicted with sunken ships and trees; 
the night was dark, and we had to feel our 
way, slackening speed every ten minutes. 
If we had been tdone it wouliln*t have 
mattered; but to have fifty men, unable to 
move, upon our hands, was too hea^ a 
responsibility not to make us anxious. The 
captain and pilot eaid the boat was leaky, 
and remarked awfully * that the water was 
six fathoms deep about there;' but wo saw 
their motive and wore not scared. We 
were safe alongside the Spauldiug by mid- 
night; but Mr. Olmsted's tone of voice, as 
he said, * You don't know how glad I am to 
see you," showed how much ho had been 
worried. And yet it was the best thing we 
could have done, for three, perhai>s five, 
of the men would have been dead before 
morning. To-day (Sunday,) they are liv- 
ing, and likely to live." 

A plan for the swift construction of a 
good receiving hosi)ital, the notion of great 
soup caldrons on wheels for feeding the 
sick and wounded after battle, scrofulous 
inspection, active agitaticm and investiga- 
tion of the question of what is to be done 
in the future with the disa'bled soldiers of 
three years of war, are among the whole- 
some work of the Commission, which has 
been able, aft<.»r every great battle, to dis- 
patch a voluntary eontribution of neces- 
saries, in addition to the i>rovisi()n mnde by 
the Medical Department of the Army. Thus, 
after the s(»eond battle of Bull liuu — when 
General Poi)e's army, ^\ith a k)S» of sixteen 
thousand in kiUed and wounded, was in re- 
treat — the ConfedtTutes had cai)tured forty- 
three wagon loads of medieal stx^res. With- 
in three days, sixteen wagon l(»ads of drugs 
and medicines, the gitt of tlie country 
through the Sanitary Commission, were at 
the disposal of the army; and at Center- 
ville, on the road from i»ull Kun to Wash- 
ington, the Coniniissiun's agents served out 
to the wounded, who came rainting in by 
hundreds, hot beef tea, soup antl bread, 
and stimulants — gathered them into am- 
bulances or hospitals — and otherwise helped 
them on to Washington. The Commission 
has always extended such help alike to friend 
or foe; the wounded Confederate who hoA 
been captnieOL \itva Xi^^n ^yoivVs \^%^x^^\ ^a. 
a Bufferex. 



'108 



The Sanitary Commission BuUttin. 



• l:ilinnTs on 1m half of Inininnity, 
. v...i!; nndi rliro in th<- tsil*! nlirf n»q»s 
M' t up tlu-ir lij;;lit wufToJis \\i\\\ stores, 
1.- •<, nr otliiT aiil tn till' Mirp t)ns, 
.M\.i" null fill! fjistist, iind iiftir tli<' 
1 1 lint iiidrfatigablv f«ir tlu' stra^rjiling 



'I I 

I'. ; 
l!. • 
1.!.' 

v.l,. 

uii^iiiili <i. lln' Coniniinsinn bus or^anizoif, 
ol'», }• ilistiiirt (Irpaitiiiciit of Spi'i-ial III*- 
lii! |i.r ran- of tho sii*k nmon}^ nt-wly- 
jiri iv' «1 ir^Miiniits; f<»r jivoviilinp; ti'nii>orary 
]iii'l piatuitniis hlirltfr and fuo«l to tlio M>1- 
ilii r !.' ii"nil»ly disi-liarm-tl, whili' \iv. is 
u.»ilii!;r in any <'ily for his ]>aiH'rs ami his 
|iiv; I'-r lnl|»in;< the lu-liihsh MiMiiu* in 
\\u\ i-.in(M'ival»li" -way. liy artiiif^ as his nu- 
ll ii<l iij'« at, <»r att(»rn<*v: ft>r jn'ntrctiuv; him 



;it 



jiin-t ^liaijuTs, or 
li liurnl rati'S. 



tlin.ii-' 
II. .r,. - 

tlr.M .■ 
f'.M i, 

j-f..' i 



i-. 

'J I.. 

: p.. I 

i-> j f - 

\V:.-:. 

\:\\> ; 



Lr«'ttin«^ railway ticki-ts 

With MM-h vit'ws sol- 

•' Ilinn«'s" ha\i' luM'H rstal»lish(.'il 

hunt lln' North, and at tho ])rini*ipal 

ill \Va:^hiiij,'t«in, ahout a huntln-il 

,11 .iiil niL'lits' hxlvinj^s, and thri'O or 

1 j.ii:i«lnd thousand nn-als, hav<' hri-n 

• i'Mii-ly providtMl. Tin- Cnunnis^ion 
• ..•;i!i!»il ilonics, too. for its own and 

■ .\i!ii\- jiuisvs wln-n in it in atti-ndan*-*? 

n.. p1:, or prtparin^ to dtpart for dis- 
,! liilions. finally, the C'onmiissitm 

r; . , it^.lf \yith lln- duty of .m ^-in^' that 

• \ iildii »■ is di'iM'ntly burird, with w 
lii liMi'-ovtr his grave, and that ft n-cord 
I.I I-t <.f tin- ])la(M' of burial; or, that his 

i . loi\vurd"d to his frirnds. 
■ lunds that support all this good 
;iH' v<»luntary gifts. Tin- people of 
»rnia j-ent, in on** sum, the gold of 
"il tt» the value ijf a hundred thou- 
pound.^ Kngli>h nion«'y. Sanitary 
li:ive bi III litely held* at difl'erent 
. ji{ ('hirag(«, i'ineinnati, lloohester, 
in-.t'.n, Art:. lh-t>oklyn Fair lately 
. I mini four hundred thousand dol- 
jinil Iroiu the great fair held at New 
. a million dollars were ex])eeted. 
e ( 'oinnii^s-ion works openly; anyone 



nj..-.,.. 

:'•;'• l:t.- 
a>] 



• v.ill. may insjject its books. It pays 
•lii-ir-. buys wagons, charters shii>s, 
'! ■ l:oj-. -, ani.1 mule'-i, pays rent of offices 
1 \...i. hoiist-s ><'t the t»ntire cost of its 
'- • nil !it i^, under three per cent. t>f its 
Wb. n, at the battle of (Jettys- 
i v.a^ri.n l(jad of the Commissioners' 
w.:.«> captured, with three of its 
. tin; SecH'tary of the Commission 
I ami obtained from the Confederate 
au:l.fMiti,..s their release, on the ground 
• iiM ilii-y were non-combatants, and that 
thri.uL;h,*,r,t tlie War ••the Hanitary Coni- 
luiv-inn had never made any distinction 
ill Its benevohnce between friend and 
ft.e." 

ii any one would estimate the value of 
f* 1 -h work in pursuanei- t>f a good example, 
l»*t him remember that Mi>s Nightingrde 
»*'»d the Crimean Commission found the 
^iriii.vh army in the Eatst dying from dis- 
t-^TC at the rate ol sixtj* per cent., or more 



than lialf its \iliolc strength, in the year; 
and that, s-Hnitarj' core having l>eon taken, 
the deatli rate was reduced in tlie last 
five months of the campaign to twelve in a 
thousand ! The army wa» made fifty-two 
times healtliier! Our wliole average yearly 
loss by disease in the Peninsular var, was a 
liundred and thirteen in a thousand; and 
tlie sanitary reforms made by Lord Her- 
bert iu the* hom<f life of our infantry are 
snWng US now, every year, one life in every 
hundred men. The whole losajn our army by 
all diseases has been less in oaoh of the last 
four years than it iLsed to be from diseases 
of the lungs alone. I 

]VIost nobly have the American people 
struggled to amend this jiart of the record 
of their t)wn disastrous struggle. We read 
much of hhar}) trading and selfish grasping, 
of boots with i>aper soles, and other cruel 
dealings of the wooden nutmeg school; but 
the support given by the American people, 
(not the American contractors,) to their 
arnii(>.«, through the Sanitary Commission, 
tells a nobler tale. Thus, for eiuimple, it 
may seem a small matter that the Commis- 
sion nuike.s i)art of its preventive work to 
consist in the raising of fresh vegetables 
for Army use; but without fresh vegetables 
troops can hardlv bo saved from scurvy. 
Dr. Frank II. IJamilton, a distinguished 
MtMlical Inspector iu the army of Bosen- 
crans, exproi^ed, in a report, lus full belief 
that '* one barrel of potatoes per annum is 
to the 0<»vernment equal to one man." At 
one tinu*, win n the suceess of the Western 
Army, in ft hazardous operation, was be- 
conifng helpless, by reason of scurfy among 
the trot>ps, and wlien the consequent adver- 
tisement of ft commisssiry for fifty thousand 
bushels of )H)tatoes, and a corresponding 
8U])ply of other vegetables, found no trader 
aide or willing to be responsible for their 
delivery, the Commission set to work, and, 
colhK^tfng voluntary gifts in kind from the 
iU^ds and gardens of the districts, supplied 
gratuitously, within a month, six thousand 
barrels of 'fresh vegetables, restored tho 
health of the troops, and so, though a non- 
combatant, did rtsally, by a brisk discharge 
of iM)tatoos, change in that campaign the 
fortune of the w^ar. 



HOW BROOKLYN MONEY GOES. 

To the Editor qffhf Bfwiklyn Univn: 

The uiuh?rsigned citizens of Brooklyn 
and New York, sympathizing deeplv with 
the inteust* interest that exists in the nearts 
of our citizens to know to what extent thia 
institution has been enabled to afford aid 
ami comfi»rt to the sick and wounded of the 
Armv of the Potomac, since they crossed 
the ilapidau, \isited the Headquarters of 
the Commission diuring their recent visit to 
Washington, to solicit information as to the 
details of their labors, &0. Their reooxda 



The Sanitary Commissum BvUettn. 



499 



were submitted to as for inspection, and 
erery facility afforded to give us an insight 
into all the departments of their work. We 
feel it a duty as well as a privilege to lay 
before the public the information wo thus 
obtained, especially as in consequence of 
the engrossing labors of the members — 
officers and agents of the Commission, 
night and day, the last three weeks — in 
providing for the emergeucy forced upon 
them, by the series of battle^ which have 
oocurred, but little official information as 
to the extent and variety of their labors in 
behalf of the wounded and sick of our brave 
defenders has been made public. It is x^ro- 
per to say that we do this without intima- 
tion or solicitation from any one, and only 
because we believe the simple statement of 
fMts communicated to us will give comfort 
and consolation to many anxious and bleed- 
ing hearts. 

[The writers here quote entire the letter 
of Mr. Yan Ingen, published in No. 15.] 

The following extracts from the diary of 
one of the principal agents of the Commis- 
sion at Washington will help the reader to 
form an idea as to the extent of the supplies 
furnished by the Commission : 

" Monday, May J). — Eeliable information 
jjuat received that the wounded were to 
oome by way of Belle Plain. The loading 
of the Kapley, which had been already 
commenced, was completed, and a barge 
was chartered to carry horses and wagons. 

Tuesday, May 10.— The Mary F. Rapley 
auled with from eighty to one hundred 
tons of stores on board, and sixty relief 
agents, in charge of Dr. Agnew, Dr. Steiner, 
snd Mayor Fay, of Chelsea. Mrs. Hus- 
band and Miss Gillson, who have long 
seiTedwith the army in the field, went also. 
The Rapley had in tow a barge loaded with 
twenty-one horses and five large wagons, 
for transportation of the stores from Belle 
Flain to the army. 

Wednesday, May 11. — Three boat loads 
of wounded arrived and were fed. The 
barge Washington was chartered and loaded 
with sixteen horses, four wagons and forage, 
and sailed in the afternoon in tow of the 
tag Governor Curtin. Twenty-four relief 
agents went down by Government trans- 
port. In the afternoon the Rapley return- 
ed. 

Thnrsdaj, May 12.— The Rapley sailed 
again, having been loaded in the night with 
from eighty to one hundred tons of stores. 
Dr. Fairchild went with her, in charge of 
thirty relief agents. 

Friday, May 13. — Twenty relief agents 
went down in Government boat. 

Saturday, May 14. — The steamboat Phoo- 
nix chartered, loaded with hospital stores, 
lumber, and a construction corps to build a 
small wharf, if needed, and storehouse. 

Mr. Knapp went with the Fhoduix, in 



charge of thirtv-two relief agents. The 
schooner Sarah "^Lavinia was offered to the 
Commission free of charge, by a citizen of 
the place, for temporary use, and is being 
loaded. The Rapley arrived. 

Sunday, May 15.— The Rapley loaded 
again this forenoon and dispatched. The 
Sarah Lavinia sailed. 

Monday, May 16.— The Rapley arrived 
in the night, was loaded again to-day and 
sailed. The Phoenix arrived, was reloaded 
and seut off. The Rapley took down five 
wagons and twenty horses, besides hospital 
stores., 

Tuesday, May 17.— All quiet. 

Wednesday, May 18.— Tlie Rapley ar- 
rived last night. The Phoenix also came 
in. No departures. Horses and wagons 
being bought to send to-morrow. Dr. Jen- 
Jcins went to the front. 

Thursday, May 19.— The Phoenix and 
Rapley sailed at about ten o'clock, the for- 
mer with five wagons and twenty horses, 
the Rapley loaded with stores only. 

A barge was chartered to be loaded with 
more teams. 

Friday, May 20. — The barge sailed with 
ten wagons and forty horses. Dr. Jenkins 
and Dr. Agnew returned with the Phoenix. 

So much for the work that has been done 
here, and besides all this our agents have 
been constantly on the watch at tlie lauding 
for the Government boats, so as to be ready 
to feed the wounded as they arrived. 

The surgeons of the hospital transports 
State of Maine and Connecticut expressed 
their gratitude to the Commission for what 
had been done on board their ]t)oats, the 
latter saying he did not know what he 
should have done without the Commission. 

Our agents who were at the front say 
that the wounded at Fredericksburg de- 
pend largely and constantly upon the Com- 
mission. G. C. C." 
■ On the 2l8t of May one of our company 
left Washington with Dr. Knapp, the As- 
sistant Secretary of the Commission, on the 
steamer Mary F. Rapley, to visit Belle 
Plain, the base of supplies for our army. 
On our arrival there in the evening, some 
four hundred wounded soldiers were being 
transferred from the ambulance train to 
the barge, and the agents of the Commis- 
sion were on hand, distributing to every 
ambulance all needed supplies of stimulants, 
food, <kc. At six o'clock on the morning 
of the 22d inst., thirty-one wagons, fully 
loaded (four horses each) with sanitary 
stores, left Belie Plain for Fredericksburg. 
The Sanitary Commission had an ample 
supply of large tents at Belle Plain for the 
accommodation of their nurses, agents, and 
for preparing coffee, stimulants, A:c., for 
the wounded, in addition to a large barge 
filled with assorted sanitary stores, and 
large tents to stote \ke\x ^u'cn^^^ ^s^t^^^kss^- 
ed from the Atefmiex^ 



500 



3^ Samtarjf, Cammimbm B^ibtm. 



On the evening of the 22d insi , telegranui 
were receiyed at Belle Plain that the base 
of supplies would be at once changed to 
Port KoyaL We conclude with es^racta 
showing, in part, the operations of the 
Commibsion since the 23d: 

Samitabt CoMMxanoH, Certkal OmcB, 1 
No. 244 F Stbbxt, Washzvotom, ifay 27, 18M. J 

''A train of twenfy-nine wagons hay- 
ing gone from Belle Plain to f^dericks- 
burg with supplies, the balance of all sup- 
plies were loaded on the barges, the tents 
struck and stored, the wooden feeding sta- 
tion taken down and packed in the hold of 
the boat, the various lost boxes of the sol- 
diers taken on board, and the Bapley 
started for Port RoyaL 

In the meantime, the wounded coming 
down from Fredericksburg by way of Aquia 
Creek, were fed there before going on to 
the boats, and supplies with relief agents 
put on board each of the boats going to 
WoHhington. 

On the 24th, the tug- boat Governor Cur- 
tin, after caning additional stores and 
agents to Aquia Creek for service on the 
boats of wounded, took the storeboat Ken- 
nedy, with eight more relief agents, and 
started for Port Royal, at 3 P. ]M., the other 
barge loaded being in ts>w of a Government 
tug. 

At Fredericksburg the work of relief 
continued till May 26th, in the afternoon. 
The stores were then quite abundant and 
the numbers needing aid decreasing, yet 
relief was given each day to many. 

The wounded gathered at Falmouth pre- 
paratory to taking the cars for Aquia Creek, 
wore cared for day and night, and the suf- 
fering unavoidably incident to such a hur- 
ried move, greatly alleviated by various 
ministries. 

Some twenty-six horses of the Commis- 
sion with wagons, were furnished three 
days since to the Quartermaster to enable 
him to go out into the ** Wilderness " to 
look up wounded, a report having come in 
that some of the wounded were still there. 
These wagons had not returned on the 
morning of the 26th. 

2()tb. — All the wounded removed from 
Freih^ricksburg. A train of wagons is to 
start for Port Royal. The Kent and Rap- 
ley, both chartered by the Commission, run 
up for Port Royal to Fredericksburg and 
take on some of the relief corps. The 
Kent takes on also 100 wounded men. 

Others of the relief corps go on two 
large hospital transports, which are admi- 
rably fitted up by Government, as nurses 
on the trip from Fredericksburg to Wash- 
in p;t^)n. At Washington, meantime, a corps 
of twenty relief agents have been busily at 
work on the boats numing between Aquia 
Crook and WBahxag^Vi, These boatabeing 
^//ed in for temporary service, were not 
^mted up by Government for transpoxiB, and 



had noOiing bat haj on bond for ihe oom- ' 
fort of the men; eonaeqaantly the lesMBr 
ade, wine, oraoken, fto., togetlier vitii Okm 
personal minlatratioiui of our mAD* mare pe- 
ouliarly aerrioeable. On most of mm 
boats &ere were also members of Uie (Jta^ 
tian Commission and of the Tarions zeliaff 
assooiAtions retnming from Frederiokih 
bnrg. Thej all took luM of the irark i* 
hand with cordial good wilL 

ywf "- "- 

on 

What] 

days by the relief agents who more nUii 
the moving army, I oannot sagr, as no report 
has been received from them. Ther t' ^ 
ed with wagons weU BappHed.** 
When it Is nnderstood that the I 



Muu. wiui uuiruiai ||wu wus. 

With large storii at Port Bojal and mm^ 
n tiio wav, we -wait to-monow'a ivoifc. 
Hiat has oeen done daring the pest few 



made above merely relate to the vock of lU 
Sanitary Cbmmission in behalf of the 
wounded and sick of the Army of the Po- 
tomac this month, and that large sappUei 
of sanitary stores have, daring the nme 
time, been forwarded to the Junny of Hie 
Cumberland, Fortress Monroe, end oOmt 
divisions of oar army, the qoestion eaked 
by so many that have not eeen'BalMiBe 
from the Sanitary Ckmmission, Whatieflie 
Sanitary Comnussion doing with tbeir 
abundant stores at this criais ? is faBy e&- 
Bwered. " .' 

But for the length of 4faiB eommmriimtkw, 
we should take pbasare in enomemtuig d^ 
tails of the system of the United fiSates 
Sanitary Commission, the keeping ftdl 
daily records of all the aidk and woonded 
of our armies received into Hoqpitel al 
Washington or elsewhere, the time of their 
reception, date of their discharge, fto., ao 
that by giving the name of any aoldier, bk 
regiment ana companr, fall infonnatioii 
can at once be obtaineo* and many an anx- 
ious inquiry answered. 

We were also much interested in the 
Lodges and Homes of the OommissAdDt, 
where soldiers, disabled and disohazged, or 
absent on f urloogh, are accommodated wilii 
meals, lodging, &a, while detained to per- 
fect their papers, oolleet daea from ite 
Government, &c ^ All back pay and pen- 
sions are collected by the Commiosiony and 
papers home famished to the aoldier witt- 
out any char^. The extent of the labdhn 
of the Commission in this direction, ms^ be . 
estimated from the fact that tlie Oommis- 
sion have had, the last year, in aU their 
lodges, at difierent stations, an avea(nge-«f 
two thousand soldiers on their hanoa mnKJ 
night 

We cannot close this report without es- 
pressing our gratification at Teaming of the 
cordial co-operation between the Sanitay 
and Christian Commissions. The delegaiBS 
of the Christian Commission itrom Brook* 
lyuttHvsxe^Qa^SbakiAthfllr reqaleiliona for 






The Sanitary Commission BvUeiin. 



501 



The united testimony of the anrfi^eons, 
agents, and delegates, of both the Sanitary 
and Christian Commissions, can leave no 
donbt that the timely sanitary stores so 
freely furnished on the front at Fredericks- 
borg; Belle Plain, &c. , have save^l to their 
oonntry and friends thousands of lives. 

DwiGHT Johnson, Brooklyn. 

JosiAH O. Low, Brooklyn. 

George S. Stephenson, Brooklyn. 

John J. Crane, New York. 



THE POPE AND THE SANITARY COMMIS- 
SION.— A DONATION OF FIVE HUNDRED 
DOLLARS. 

From the following correspondence it 
will be seen that a liberal contri})ution has 
been received by the General Aid Society 
in BofEalo from the Pope: 

BuiTALO, Nay 17, 1864. 

Madam— The Sovereign Pontiff Pope Pius IX., 
bu. through bis Eminence, Cardinal Barnat>o, 
notified me that with the deepest sorrow and with 
the most fraternal interest be has beard of the 
namber of gallant soldiers wounded in our many 
battles, and that be desires mu to give in his 
name, and out of bis private purse, $500, as some 
aid to alleviate their sufferings. 

Your truly providentially organized society 
has done very much to aid our wounded soldiers; 
hence it set'ms to me that there can be no better 
meanii of accomplishing the kind and paternal 
wish of his Holiness, than to band over to you 
this check for $500, with my bumble and fervent 
prayers that God's blessing may not only r"St on 
our gallant wounded soldiers, but also on the 
honored members of your Commission who aid 
tbem so generously. 

Accept the expressions of respect and esteem 
with which 

I hove the honor to be, 

Tour most obedient bumble servant, 
t John, 

Bishop of Buffalo. 
Mbi. Hosatio Smffoux, 

Prtaid^ent o/B, U. S. Sanitary Commiuunu 

QMxnoLAJj Aid Society for thk Abmt, ) 
BurFALO, May 18, imi. j 
Br. BxT. JoKH Txmoh: 

Dear Sib — It is with no ordinary feelings we 
acknowledge the receipt at your hand:) of $500 
from the Sovereign Pontiff, Pope Pius IX., for 
the relief of our wounded soldiers. Large con- 
tribotions have been received from foreign coun- 
tries for this humane object We are deeply 
tOQched by such evidences of interest in our pres- 
ent straggle for national life, and the indorsement 
of this national channel for our charities, which 
we believe to be the most direct, humane, and 
efficient one through which the good will of a 
Christian people can be conveyed to the wouuded 
patriots in field or hospital. Please present our 
thanks to his Holiness, and accept, for your part 
In this munificent act, the grateful acknowledg- 
ments of the society. With sentiments of the 
highest regard. 

Yours truly, 

Mbs. Horatio Setmour. 

I^etident, 



A MESSAGE FROM THE ARMY. 

[The following lines are from the pen of the 
Author of »* A Rainy Day in Camp," as alHO of 
those exquisite verses ou the * ' Death of a Massa- 
chusetts rfprgeant," whieh we published a few 
wt'eks ago. Many of our readers are doubtless 
already familiar with this * • Message from the 
Army," but it derives a fresh and touching in- 
terest from the fact that the gifted writer is no 
more. There can be no harm now in according 
her the honor, which, while living, she always 
shrank from claiming, by sa}4ng that it is to the 
late Mrs. Robert S. Rowland that we are indebted 
for it. She was one of the most earnest, enthu- 
siastic and acconiplisbod laborers for the Me- 
tropolitan Fair, and we almost fear, wo may add, 
one of its victims. Her interest in the war, 
and in the welfare of the army, was intense, but 
most of the many good deeds in which it was 
manifested, were done so quickly and unobtru- 
sively, as almost to make them secret ] 

Oh, FuiKNDttl our soldier-hearts cry out 

From all the far-off camps ; 
From loucly watch-fires in the West, 

From Southern woods and swamps. 

Wherever in their windy tents 

Brave boys are gathering, 
There, sun-browned faces smile, and blesa 

Your Christ^like ministering. 

Blow I blow, March winds ! ftx)m mountain forts. 

From gulf and river banks ; 
And carry to those Northern homes 

Our thousand, thousand thanks ! 

And we who lie in narrow beds 

All over the sad land — 
From stricken rows, in dreary wards 

We stretch a pallid hand. 

And grasp the palm whose clasp wo know~ 

The generous, tender palm I 
Whose every touch on heart and head 

Is spice, and oil, and balm I 

And wo whose beds are narrower yet, 

Beneath the sun and rain ; 
Who never more may carry arms 

Though spring has come again. 

We too would tell how loving hands 

Shut down our dying eyes. 
And send a blessing from the dead 

On all your sacrifice I 

Oh earnest hearts I oh generous hands t 

What better thauks can bo 
Than His, who said—" When I was sick 

Ye came to visit Me I" 

Work on I Pray on !— No heart may faint, 

No hand shall work in vain. 
Soon Pain shftU conquer us a Peace 

And Peace shall heal our Pain. 

March, W^ 



602 



The Sanitary Chmfmsdon ^BuUOtn. 



HOSPITAL COTTON SHIRT. 

HALF OP FRONT. HAU OF SLEEVE. 





SHOULDER PIECE. 



/S/A/. 



COLLAB. 




WRISTBAIO). 
//AV. 



lieqniredfor each Shirt. 
5 -white bone buttons, (3 for front, 2 



for 



Bloevos. ) 

4 tape stays, 1 inch long, (for flaps and open- 
ing of sleeves.) 

2 skeius thread. 

The buck of the shirt is cut by the same pat- 
tern as tlio front, though not sloped quite so 
much on the neck. 

The opening in front is 15 inches lonpr, faced 
on one side with cotton 2 inches wide, and 
hemnu d on the other. The shirt is gatiiered 
into the collar both in front and beliind. 

The shoulder-pieces are faced under the 
shoukU r se:iiiis, and cut down one inch iit one 
end, as per dia^iam, to fit under the colLir. 

The arm sizes are strengthened with binders 
2 inches wide, cut circular, as per dotted line in 
diagram The sleeve is gathered into the wrist- 
band and gathered a little at the top. 



Two gussets are added to each Bleeve, as per 
diagram. The flaps are two fingers long. 

The above pattern is for cotton one yard wide. 
After the front, back and sleeves have 1>een out 
out, a strip C inches wide will be left» oot of 
which can be cut all the smidi pieces. Cut in 
this way it will take less than three yards of 
cotton. 

Ifospiicd Cotton Drawers, 

Cotton drawers should be cut by the same 
pattern as fltmnel drawers, (for which, see Buxi- 
LETiN, No. 13.) The pattern should be laid on 
the cloth in the same manner, the smallest part 
of one leg to the smallest part of the other, leav* 
ing a piece on each side for the double waist- 
bands. 

The diagrams allow for seams. 

N. B. — Owing to blurred type, the dimen- 
sions on the lower line of diagram for flannel 
drawers, in No. 13 of the Buixetim, are illegi- 
ble. They should read 18 inches. 



The Sanitary Commimon Bulletin. 



503 



WESTERN SCENES, No. 3. 
"Whebe these 's ▲ Well, there's a Wax." 

In nothing is this more strikingly exem- 
pliiied, than in the history of the cause of 
fiospital relief. Wliiie indolence, selfish- 
ness and disloyalty intrench themselves 
behind frivolous excuses, to shield them 
from doing their duty towards our sick and 
wounded soldiers, the generous, active and 
patriotic are fertile in inventions to obtain 
means for their relief, and glory in labors 
and sacrifices that carry plenty and com- 
fort to the hospitals. 

Some two or three months ago, a poor 
girl, a seamstress, came to the rooms of 
the Chicago Sanitary Commission. " I do 
not feel right," she said, **that I am doing 
nothing for our soldiers in the hospitals, 
and have resolved to do something immedi- 
ately. Which do you prefer — that I should 
give money, or buy material and manufac- 
ture it into garments ?" 

**You must be guided by your circum- 
stances," was the answer made her; **we 
need both money and supplies, and you 
must do that which is most convenient for 
you. " 

**I prefer to give you money, if it will 
do as much good." 

** Very well; then give money, which we 
need badly, and without which we cannot 
do what is most necessary for our brave 
sick men." 

**ThenIwill give you the entire earn- 
ings of the next two weeks. I'd give 
more, but I have to help support my moth- 
er, who is an invalid. Generally, I make 
but one vest a day, but I will work earlier 
and later these next two weeks " 

In two weeks she came again, the poor 
sewing girl, her face radiant with the con- 
sciousness of i)hilanthropic intent. Open- 
ing her port-monnaie, she counted out — 
bow much do you think, readers of the New 
Covenant!' — nineteen dollars and thirli/'Seven 
cents / Every penny was earned by the 
slow needle, and she had stitched away into 
the hours of midnight, on every one of the 
working days of the week. We call that 
an instance of patriotism married to gen- 
erosity. 

Some farmers' wives in the north of Wis- 
consin, eighteen miles from a railroad, had 
given to the Commission of their bod 
and table linen, their husbands' shirts and 
drawers, their scanty supply of dried and 
canned fruits, till they hud' exhausted their 
ability to do more in this direction. Still 
they were not satisfied. So they cast about 
to see what could be done in au other way. 
They were all the wives of small farmers, 
lately moved to the West, living all in log 
abins, where one room sufficed for kitch- 
en, parlor, laundry, nursery and bed-room, 
^ oing their own house- work, sewing, baby- 



tending, dairy- work and all. What could 
they do ? 

They were not long in devising a way 
to gratify the longings of their motherly 
and patriotic hearts, and instantly set about 
carrying it into action. They resolved to 
beg wheat of the neighboring farmers, and 
convert it into money. Sometimes on foot, 
and sometimes with a team, amid the snows 
and mud of early spring, they canvassed 
the country for twenty and twenty- five 
miles around, everywhere eloquently plead- 
ing the needs of the blue-coated soldier 
boys in the hospitals, the eloquence every- 
where acting as an open sesame to the gran- 
eries. Now they obtained a little from a 
rich man, and then a great deal from a poor 
man — deeds of benevolence are half the 
time in an inverse ratio to the ability of 
the benefactors — till they had accumulated 
nearly five hundred bushels of wheat. This 
they sent to market, obtained the highest 
mapket i>rice for it, and forwarded the pro- 
ceeds to the Commission. As we held this 
hard-earned money in our hands, wo felt 
that it was consecrated — that the holy pur- 
pose of these noble women had imparted 
an ahnost sacredness to it. 

A little girl not nine years old, with sweet 
and timid grace, came into the rooms of 
the Commission, and laying a five dollar 
gold piece on our desk, half frightened, 
told us its history. ** My uncle gave me 
that before the war, and I was going to 
keep it always; but he 's got killed in the 
army, and mother says now I may give it 
to the soldiers if I want to— and I'd like to 
do so. I don't suppose it will buy much 
for them— will it?" 

We led the child to the storeroom, and 
proceeded to show her how valuable her 
gift was, by pointing out what it would 
buy — so many cans of condensed milk, or 
so many bottles of ale, or pounds of tea, or 
codfish, <fec. Her face brightened with 
pleasure. But when we explained to her 
that her five dollar gold piece was equal to 
seven dollars and a half in greenbacks, and 
told her how much comfort we had been 
enabled to carry into a hospital with as 
small an amount of stores as that sum would 
purchase, she fairly danced for joy. ** Oh, 
it will do lots of good, won't it?" And 
folding her hands earnestly before her, she 
befijged in her charmingly modest way, 
*' Please tell me something that you've 
seen in the hospitals," A narration of a 
few touching events, not such as would too 
severely shock th ) little creature, but which 
plainly" showed the necessity of continued 
benevolence to the hospitals, filled her sweet 
eyes with tears, and drew from her the re- 
solution " to save all her money, and to get 
all the girls to do so, to buy things for the 
wounded soldiers." And away she' flew, 
ravelling in the luxury of doing good, and 



504 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



lj;ippy iu tho formation of a good resolu- 
tion. 

A nipgoil little nrclrin, vhf> tlirnsts h-w 

iiTiI:^riijiE }KiH'! iIqiIv into tlif* rooms, with 
tlj*' *^liriJl I'Tv of *' MjitrJiKs: mati-li+'Hl'' hhd 
i-tf,(A w!it**l/in;5 tlj*- littli- fdrl, iiiid listening 
to tiji* tiilk. As J*hf^ tli'^apiwNiri'cl, lic» fnni- 
})I»il in lii.s ni;j^eil pockt-l. mul iln-w out 5 
MjiJiH Ufintlfnl of (^ruiriblr-il Jincl miiliil jwi^tal 
riirp'Tjfy. '* H*'n\" fiuiil hf, *' 111 pivM vou 
Ko intn-ii, for th**m **r<* sick ft-llprs in the 
liosjiirjils," tiiicl he put liflj-fivL? rents into 
onr liMnii, iill in fivti roiit cnrrenr-y. Wr 
li* sitjjti'tl. " Ni), my buy, don't ^ivv it. 
Your*- ;l noblo littlo "fi-llow. but Tm ufmid 
you j'iin't afforil t*t f*iv*^ h<» ranch. Ynu 
k«'*-p it* nnJ I'll pv*? tije fifty-tivo rrnt?*, or 
Poiin Ifiiily cIho wilt." 

"<Jh, Ufi/' he replieil. '"Vfm ker]i it. 
P'nil s I uin't Mj pillar hm yer think. My 
fiitli* r, hi' .tJiWH writjil, hw*1 my rantht-r, sbi* 
fjikis iu ^x'ashiti'i find 1 kiJIh miitehi-.H— nnd 
ji'r}iji>;w«'vHK"Um*renjoiii'ythiUi vcr think. 
1\r*-[t il,:"' And he tnrni'd his tlirty, Imt 
r-anir'st fucH up to uh with n most Vivseeeh- 

We ttiTik tht: enimbh d miToiioy — TfpinT- 
got { hi' dij'ty fut-e and the titttenal enp— w^! 
for;.r't llnit "Vve enlled th<? littlu neunip a 
'* nui?iiiiifi*" I'vury duy for nnrnthw, \vh*nhe 
had iijiuh' U.4 fiiirly lump from t>nr ht'iit \vilh 
his Mirill, iinosiiected rry (if '* Mahdies! 
muteheisl'' iind nuidp n dive lit him, to ki.sH 
him. Hut hi* was too <puek ff^r iim, and 
d:irt( d rnit of tlie room, tm if }iv. hud bot^n 
si lot. Kter Mnt-e, v>]\vn he mi'f-t.M us, ht^ 
fjrivcs nn 11 ivido biutli, and -niilkfi o!F the 
sidewalk int<> the pitted f'yeing uh i^^ith a 
sus])ii'irm.s, sidehmg jjlanee, aH thoufjh hn 
MUprrlid ive hMU ujeilituted kissing iutili- 
lir»nH t<iwurdK him. Jf wr speak to him, he 
looks at us whyly, and otlVrH no reply— but 
if ue ]mhs hiui without Hpeaking, lie ehal- 
h'Uf^'e.s lis ■ttith u hearty " halloo, youl" that 
brin^M U8 to a halt iiiMautly* 

Had \ti^ Hpiice, we uiii^ht eoutinue similar 
luirrntionn lhroni;h half a doxen cfdumnn. 
All who will, ean do li^mtfthiatt for our poc*r 
l)o\H in buspitids. If it bu lUtlej '* niony a 
iniekle makes a mnckle"- ^andif it be much, 
it will etuise the blessing *if many wmly to 
perii^h to I'onie on the donor. Ihit allVau 
do Mo.^JtTuiMi, *^ Whore there's g wiJij 
thero"« a way,** — Frmn thr Xvtr (Aircttft/il, 



nj'iAM4Sr-.*<a OK aooMs akd w.vujt 

It eanaol he neee.'infln- to tell a nnrse Ihut who 
should hv I'lvinii or thut Klits Hhuuhl keep her 
put it III I Iron, Heein^r that thu tjmitLr part of 
uu^^iIl|,' cnnsistH ia oresirvint; eWiVidine^n, No 
vnitilarioii eiai frejifcia a roum tir vard vliere 
tbo iiinst Kinipuhnjii eleanliaesH IS i}€>t nbf^ervid. 
I'uh'jsft tlio wmd bii hlowinf^ thr<ju^h the -^vin- 
<low« lit thi* rate of twenty mihsi an Eour, duNtv 
eai'iiitK, lUrly iruiuBootK, musly mirtiiius luiU 



furniture, will inCdliblj prodiwo m close Kmell 
I hive liTed in a large and expenwiT^ly fartLieb- 
ed London house, wb*>re the only constant in- 
mate in two lery lofty roomx, with opponite 
windows, wM myw;]t, ahI yet, owiag to \h& 
ftboTi- mentioned dirty circnniKtanci^ no tupen- 
inj* of uindovi's coald evtr keep thnwe roomi 
fret? fnmi eloHi^ens; bnt th* carp«t and cnTtMio* 
having been turned otit of the room* altogether, 
th<-y htH^ame inatantly as fiesh b«i coidd be wikb- 
fd' It in pare nonnen^ to Bay that io London 
a room cannot be kept el^an. Many of onr hos- 
pit:dt* lihott- the exact revereei 

lint nn puriiele of duHt in e^er or c^n ever be 
r^nmvf-d or reidly col rid of by the present sys- 
tem uf da*tinf>. DiiatiuR in the?*© days Q)«>ani 
fjtiihinr; but riiippinfi the diwt from one (lari ci 
A roeni *jn to another with doors and winilowi 
el used, \\bat you do it for 1 eannot think. Yon 
had niueh betitr leave the dust alone, if yon are 
tiot R >iag to take it awny ttlu>gether» For (rtmk 
the tinii' a morn begins to be a room np t> tht 
time when it (THses to be one. no one ai^m of 
duKt e\vr arlually leavei* liH preeineta Tidying 
a loom melius nolbtnf? now bnt remnvinjf ft 
tUiajr from one pi are, which it haa kept eleafl 
furitM'lt; on to another and a dirtier one. FUp- 
jiinLf. Ijy way of cleaning, ia only admiKsiblfl in 
(he case of pictareH, or nJiy thing mtide of paper^ 
The only way I know to rtmoi-^ dust, the phigne 
of all luVLTw of frefih air, U to wit>e every thing 
with n tlanip rfotli. A ad all furniture oapht to 
he HO miidt^ as th a it mj\y lift wiped mith a ditinp 
r4oth witbont injury to itse-lf, and so poliiihed 05 
that it navy he daujpec! without injury to othera. 
To duNt. as it ia now praetised, truly means to 
ihstrihut*? dUHt more etpiidlv ov^r a room. 

Ah to llonrs, tli^ only r^ly clean floor I know 
ia thi^ Merlin hpl:tfrvfl floor, wbieh 14 wet rubbed 
and dry ruhl>e£i every morning to remove the 
durtt. The Freneh jKirqnd in alvniys more or 
lesK dnstv. itlthouj^h infinitt?ly superior, in point 
of eWnlinL^H jiad heulthintfU-i, to our absorbeiik 

Fi:»r a sick r*K>m, a carpet is perhaps the worst 
exjiedii^at which uould by any possibility haw 
bee a invented If you must have a carpet, the 
only «;dV;ty is t<t take it up t«-o or three times • 
yeivr, instead of on«e. A dirty carpet literally 
infecis the room. And if yon consider the 
ninnnoiis quantity of orjjauic matter from the 
fe«t of punpl*! cnndng in, w^hicb mu«t s&taratv 
it, thiH i-* by no means suq>risin(!. 

As for waLH the worst ia the papered wall; 
the next wowt in plastw. But the plaster can 
W roileetued by fre^pieot Ume wasbinp?; the 
pnper re*|nire.4 fn^^m^nt renewing. A glazed 
liaiier pets rid uf a good ileal of the danger. 
But the ordinary bed-rooni paper la all^hat ik 
oiif;ht iff^ to be* 

The clone connee! ion between Tcntilation and 
eteiudineffs is Kb own in tht^k An ordinary light 
piiper will JiLst clean much longer if there is an 
Amikit^n ventilator in the chimney than it other- 
wi^c would, 

Tbc be>t widl now extant is oil paint. From 
this you can wash the animal exuviu. 

Thuf<e are what make a room mnaty. 

The best wall for a sick nwra or ward thai 
eoald be mii^le i*i pute white non-abHorbent 
cement or glnsis or glazt^d tiles, if they were 
made nlighlly enouprh. 

Air can be soiled just Uhe water. If yoa blow 



The Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 



505 



into water yon will soil it with the animal mat- 
ter from yoar breath. So it is with air. Air is 
always soiled in a room where walls and carpets 
are saturated w>th animal exhalations. 

Want of cleanliness, then, in rooms and wards, 
wliich yon have to goard against, may arise in 
three ways: 

1. Dirty air coming in from without, soiled 
bj sewer emanations, the evaporation from dirty 
Bteeets, smoke, bits of nnbumt fuel, bits of 
straw, bits of horse dung. 

If people would but cover the outside walls 
of their houses with plain or encaustic tiles what 
an incalculable improvement would there be in 
light, cleanliness, dryness, warmth, and con- 
sequently economy. The play of a fire engine 
would then effectually wash the outside of a 
house. This kind of loaUhig would stand next 
to paving in improving the health of towns. 

2. Dirty air coming from within, from dust, 
which you often displace, but never remove. 
And this recalls what ought to be a sine qua non. 
Have as few ledges in your room or ward as 
possible. An^ under no pretence have any 
ledge whatever out of sight Dust accumulates 
there, and will never be wiped off. This is a 
certain way to soil the air. Besides this, the 
animal exhalations from your inmates saturate 
your furniture. And if you never clean your 
fdmiture properly, how can your rooms or 
wards be anything but musty? Ventilate as 
you please, the rooms will never be sweet. Be- 
sides this, there is a constant defjradcUion, as it 
is called, taking place from everything except 
polished or glazed articles— c. //., in coloring 
certain green papers arsenic is used. Now in 
the very dust even, which is lying about in 
rooms hung with this kind of green paper, arse- 
nic has been distinctly detected- You see your 
dust is anything but harmless; yet you will let 
such dust lie about your ledges for months, 
your rooms for ever. 

Again, the fire fills the room with coal-dust 

3. Dirty air coming from the carpet Above 
all, take care of the carpets, that the animal 
dirt left there by the feet of visitors does not 
stay there. Floors, unless the grain is filled 
np and polished, are just as bad. The smell 
from the floor of a school-room pr ward, when 
any moisture brings out the organic matter by 
which it is saturate(^ might alone be enough to 
warn us of the mischief that is going on. 

The outer air, then, can only be kept clean 
by sanitary improvements, and by consuming 
the smoke. The expense in soap, which this 
single improvement would save, is quite incal- 
culable. 

The inside air can only be kept clean by ex- 
cessive care in the ways mentioned above — to 
zid the walls, carpets, furniture, ledges, «tc. , of 
the organic matter and dnst — dnst consisting 
greatly of this organic matter — with which they 
become saturated, and which is what reaUy 
makes the room musty. 

Without cleanliness, you cannot have all the 
efldot of ventilation; without ventilation, you 
can have no thorough cleanliness. 

VeiT few people, be they of what class they 
may, nave any idea of the exquisite cleanliness 
required in the sick-room. For much of what 
I have said applies less to the hospital than to 
the private sick room. The smoky chimney, 
the dusty furniture, the utensils emptied but 



once a day, often keep the air of the sick room 
constantly dirty in the best private houses. 

The well have a curious habit of forgetting 
that what is to them but a trifling inconven- 
ience, to be patiently "put up" ^ith, is to the 
sick room a source of suffering, delaying recov- 
ery, if not actually hastening death. The well 
are scarcely ever more than eight hours, at most, 
in the same room. Some change they can al- 
ways make, if only for a few minutes. Even 
during the supposed eight hours, they can 
change their posture or their position in the 
room. But the sick man who never leaves his 
bed, who cannot change by any movement of 
his own his air, or his light, or his warmth; 
who cannot obtain quiet, or get out of the 
smoke, or the smell, or the dust; he is really 
poisoned or depressed by what is to you the 
merest trifle. 

"What can't be cured must be endured," is 
the very worst and most dangerous maxim for 
a nurse which ever was made. Patience and 
resignation in her are but other words for care- 
lessness or indifference — contemptible, if in re- 
gard to herself; culpable, if in regard for the 
sick. 

X>EB80NAIi CLEANLINESS. 

In almost all diseases, the function of the 
skin is, more or less, disordered; and in many 
most important diseases nature relieves herself 
almost entirely by the skin. This is particular- 
ly tiie case with children. But the excretion, 
which comes from the skin, is left there, unless 
removed by washing or by the clothes. Every 
nurse should keep tliis fact constantly in mind — 
for, if she allow her sick to remain unwtished, 
or their clothing to remain on them after being 
saturated with perspiration or other excretion, 
she is interfering injuriously ^-ith the natural 
processes of health just as effectually as if she 
were to give the patient a dose of slow poison by 
the mouth. Poisoning by the skin is no less cer- 
tain than poisoning by the mouth— only it is 
idower in its operation. 

The amoimtof relief and comfort experienced 
by sick after ihe skin has been carefully wash- 
ed and dried, is one of the commonest observa- 
tions made at a sick bed. But it must not be 
forgotten that the comfort and relief so obtained 
are not all. They are, in fact nothing more than 
a sign that the vital powers have been relieved 
by removing something that was oppressing 
them. The nurse, therefore, must never put 
off attending to the personal cleanliness of ner 
patient under the plea that all that is to be 
gained is a little relief, which can be quite as 
well given later. 

In all well-regulated hospitals this ought to 
be, and generally is, attended to. But it is very 
generally neglected with private sick. 

Just as it is necessary to renew the air round 
a sick person frequently, to carry off morbid 
effluvia from the lungs and skin, by maintain- 
ing free ventilation, so it is necessary to keep 
the pores of the skin free from all obstructing 
excretions. The object, both of ventilation and 
of skin-cleanliness, is pretty much the same— to 
wit, removing noxious matter from the system 
as rapidly as possible. 

Care should be taken in all these operations 
of sponging, washing, and cleansing the skin, 
not to expose too great a surface at once, so as 



506 



The Sanitary Commission BitULetin* 



to clh-rk tho porspirjition, which would rem*w 
the «\il in :inotliiT form. 

Th"' various way> of wasliin;^' the sick need 
not h-r- 1)" s]>.-^'itit»(l thchssso as the doctors 
ou'_:h( to siiy \vlji<'li Ik t(^ he lisi-d. 

In s.'VfiMl forms of diarrln-a. dyscntrTV. A'C, 
whi'n- tli»^ skin is liard and harsh, tlic relief af- 
forded l)y wasliim^ witli a i^Teat d«'al «)f soft fl<»ap 
is in«Ml('ul<d»l«'. In otlier »^ases, sjHm^'ini^ witli 
t(|>id Sii;i|» anil w it(T, tht^n with t<j)id water iind 
dryin.: with a hf)t towel will bo »»rdered. 

J'vL-ry nurs«.' ou'^lit to \u> careful to wash h'-r 
hands V( ry freiiuintly diirini» the day. If her 
fac«» ton, so nnich th«» better. 

Onr word as to cleauliu-ss merely ft.s (dean- 
lin.-sK. 

(\>ini»ar»' the dirtiness of the water in whicli 
yon have washrd when it is cold without Hoa]>. 
cold with soap, hot with sf)ap. You will find 
the first has hardly r«'moved any dirt at all, the 
ser(»Tid a little more, the third a ^n*at deal more. 
]»ut hold your hand over a cnj) of hot watt-r f.)r 
a minuto or t\v.), and then, by men-ly rubbinj^ 
with tie- lint^'or, ymi will brinu: «>ft tlikes of dirt 
or dirt>' skin. After a va])orbath you may])eel 
your wimh' silf eh an in this way. What 1 mean 
is. that i)y simply washinL^orspon^in;^ with water 
yon tlo not nally cl»*an your skin. Take a 
ron.,'h towtl, <li]> f)n«* eru'iier in very hot water - 
if a littl.' spirit be added to it it will be more 
ell'»'<'tM;il and then rub as if yoji were nibbinjij 
Iht! tow.) into your skin with y«»ur liuLjers. The 
bliick il ikes whi<'h will come oft' will convinco 
you that you wen* not clean bef».>re. how(;vt»r 
mu 'h soap and water you have ust>d. These 
tiaki's ar»' what rcfjuiro nMiiovinpf. And you can 
really kerp yonrsilf cleaner with a tundd(*r of 
hoi wati-r and a rou^h tovwl and rubbim?, than 
with a whole a])paratus of bath ami soap and 
K]^(»n'_re. without rubbinf?. It is (juite nonsense 
to say that anybody need be dirty. Pati«'Uts have 
bei-n k']>t as cK-an by tln-se means on u lon^ 
voyai^'t . whi-n a basin full of water could not bo 
ftt^''»rd«'tl. and when they could not be moved 
out t>f thi-r births, as if all the ai)purteuances of 
honu- hail bttii at hand. 

Wasliin.:, how(»ver. with a lar«jjo <piantity of 
water has .piit«- t)th«'r elV.-ctsthan those of mere 
ch^atdincss. Tho skin absorbs the wat^u* and 
bee )mt•^ soft.-r and more \\ Tspirable. Tt) wash 
witlrsoai) and soft water is, therifu'e. d«.'sirablo 
from other points of view than that of clean- 
liness. 

< IIATrEIUNa UOI'ES AND AOVKKH. 

The sick man to his advisers. 

'• My Milvist-rsl 'J'hfir name is lej^don. * • * 
Somch<»\v or other, it sei-ms a provision of the 
nnivdsal «l«'stini«'s, that every man, woman an«l 
child should consider him, her, or itself ]>rivi- 
hL,'e(l espeeially to advisi-me. Why? That is pre- 
cisely \\hat 1 want to know." And this is what 
J have to say to them. I have been adviscil to '^o 
to every }»lace e\tanl in and out of Kn^land 
^> take every kin«l of exercise by every kin<l of 
cait.carri.e^'c yes, and even swinj,' (I ) and dumb- 
bell ',1' in existence; to ind)ibe e\cry ditferent 
kind (if stimulant that ever has been invented. 
And this when those Ittst fitted to know, viz., 
medical men. after Km.L^ and close attendance, 
had dci'larcd any journey out of the <[uestion, 
hud iMiihibited any kind of motion whatever, 
had closely laid down the diet and driiik. What 



would my ndviser.s say, wore they the medical 
attendants, and I the patient left their advice, 
and took the casual adviser's ? But the sin^- 
larity in Legion's mind is this: it never occurs 
to him that everyl)ody else is doiup; the same 
thiuix, ami that I the patient must i>erforc^ say, 
in sheer self-defence, like liosalind, **I could 
not do with all." 

* * Chattering Hopes'* may seem an odd head- 
ing. Jiut I really believe there is f*carcely a 
greater w(ury which invalids have to ondore 
than the incurahh; hoj)es of their friends. There 
is no one practice against which I can speak more 
strongly from atrtual personal experience, wide 
and long, of its etfects during sickness, observed 
both njjon oth(^rs and upon myself. I would 
appeal most seriously to all fneuds, visitors, 
and attendants of the sick to leave oflf this prac- 
tice of attempting to •♦cheer" the sick by mak- 
ing light of their danger and by exaggerating 
their probalulities of recovery. 

Far more now than formerly does the medical 
attendant tell the truth to the sick who are 
really desirous to hear it about their own state. 

How intense is the f»dly, then, to say the 
least of it, of the friend, be ho even a medical 
man, who thinks that his opinion, given after 
a cursory observati<m, will weigh with the pa- 
tient, against the opinion of the medic^il atten- 
dant, given, ptu-haps, after years of observation, 
aft4?r using every help to diagnosis afforded by 
the stetli»)scoi)e, the examination of palsei, 
t.uigue, Ac. ; and certainly after much more 
observation than the friend can possibly have 
hail. 

Sui>posing the patient to be possessed of com- 
mon sens<?, how can the "favorable" opinion, 
if it is to be called an opinion at all, of the 
casual visitor *' cheer" him, when different from 
that of the experienced attendant? Unques- 
tionably the latter may, and often does, turn 
out to be wrong. I>ut which is most likely to 
be Wrong? 

The fact is, that the patient is not "cheered'' 
at all by these well-me;ining. most tiresome 
friends. (.)u the contrary, he is de23rcssed and 
wearied. If, on the one hand, he exerts himself 
to tell each successive member of this too num- 
erous conspiracy, whoso name is legion, why 
he does not think jis they do— in what respect 
he is worse -what symptoms exist that they 
know nothing of -he is fatigued instead of 
*' cheered," an<l his attention is fixed upon him- 
self. In gemu-al, patients who arc really ill do 
not w<int to talk about themselves. UypiKihon- 
driaes do, but again 1 say we are not on the 
subject of hypochondriacs. 

If. on the other hand, and which is much 
more fre<piently the case, the patient siivs no- 
thing, but the Shakespearian "Oh!" "Ah!" 
" (io to!" and "In gj)od sooth!" in order to 
escape from the conversation about himself the 
sooiuT, he is deiuvssed by want of sympathy. 
He feels isolat+^d in the midst of friends. Ho 
feels what a convenience it would be, if there 
were any single i>erson to whom he could K]^)eak 
simply and t»ptudy, without pulling the striug 
upim himself of this shower-V>ath of silly ho}>es 
and encourigements; to whom he could express 
his wi.shes and directions without that person 
persisting in saying. "I hope that it will please 
God yet to give you twenty years," or, "You 



The Sanitary Commission BvUeiin. 



607 



baye a long life of aotivity before you. " How 
often wo see at the end of biographies, or of 
cases recorded in medical papers, '* after a long 
illness A. died rather suddenly," or, •* unexpect- 
edly both to himself and to others." *' Unex- 
pectedly" to others, perhaps, who did not see, 
because they did not look; but by no means 
"onexpectedly to himself," as I feel entitled to 
believe, both from the internal evidence in such 
stories, and from watching similar cases; there 
-was every reason to expect that A. would die, 
and he knew it; but he found it useleBs to insist 
upon his own knowledge to bis friends. 

In these remarks I am alluding neither to 
acute cases which terminate rapidly nor to 
•* nervous" cases. 

By the first, much interest in their own dan- 
ger is very rarely felt. In writings of fiction, 
whether novels or biographies, these death-beds 
are generally depicted as almost seraphic in 
lucidity of intelligence. Sadly large has been 
my experience in death-beds, and I can only 
say that I have seldom or never seen such. In- 
difference, excepting with regard to bodily suf- 
fering, or to some duty the dying man desires 
to perform, is the far more usual state. 

The "nervous case," on the other hand, 
delights in figuring to himself and others a 
fictitious danger. 

But the long chronic case, who knows too 
well himself, and who has been told by his 
physician that he will never enter active life 
again, who feels that every month he has to give 
np something he could do the month before — 
on ! spare such sufferers your chattering hopes. 
Ton do not know how you worry and weary 
them. Such real sufferers cannot bear to ttilk 
of themselves, still less to hope for what they 
cannot at all expect. 

So also as to all the advice showered so pro- 
flisely upon such sick, to leave off some occu- 
pation, to try some other doctor, some other 
nouse, climate, pill, powder, or specific; I say 
nothing of the inconsistency— for these advisers 
are sure to be the same persons who exhorted 
ih6 sick man not to beheve his own doctor's 
prognostics, because " doctors are always mis- 
taken," but to believe some other doctor, be- 
cause ** this doctor is always right" Sure also 
ai6 these advisers to be the persons to bring the 
sick man fresh occupation, while exhorting him 
to leave his own. 

Wonderful is the fietce with which friends, lay 
and medical, will come in and worry the patient 
with recommendations to do something or other, 
having just as little knowledge as to its being 
fBasible, or even safe for him, as if they were to 
recommend a man to take exercise, not knowing 
he had broken his leg. What would the friend 
say, if he were the medical attendant, and if the 
patient, because some other friend had come in, 
because somebody, anybody, nobody, had re- 
commended something, anything, nothing, were 
to disregard his orders, and take that other body's 
recommendation? But people never think of 
this. 

To me these commonplaces, leaving their 
smear upon the cheerful, single-hearted, con- 
stant devotion to duty, which is so often seen 
in the decline of such sufferers, recall the slimy 
trail left by the snail on the sunny southern 
garden-wall loaded with fruit — Miss Nighiin- 
gale. 



PROTECTIVE 

OF THE 

STATE OF NEW YORK. 



OFFICE, 35 CHAMBERS STREET, 



President. 
Libut.-Gen. WINFIELD SCOTT. 

Vice-Presidents. 
Hon. HAMILTON FISH. 
JOHN J. CISCO, Esq. 
ADMIRAL DUPONT. 
RUDOLPH A. WITTHAUS. Ebq. 

TreSiSurer 
ROBT. B. MINTURN, Esq. 

^irectoirs. * 

HoNS. E. D. MORGAN, GEORGE OPDTKE, 
HIRAM BARNEY, JA8. W. BEEKMAN. Ret. 
H. W. BELLOWS, D.D. Mbssbs. JOHN JACOB 
ASTOR, JAMES BROWN, WM. H. A8PINWALL, 
JAS. GALLATIN, HOWARD POTTER. Wbl. E. 
DODGE, Jr., THEODORE ROOSEVELT, PETEB 
COOPER, GEORGE BANCROFT, DANIEL LORD, 
WILSON G. HUNT, ROBT. L. STUART, ALFRED 
PELL. 

Apply in person or by letter, to 

HENRY GREENFIELD, Sec't/, 

35 Chambers Street, New York. 



OBJECTS OF THE ASSOCIATION. 

1st, To secure the soldiers and sailors and 
their families y any claims for pensions, pay, 
or bounty f etc., without cost to the claimant, 

2d, To protect soldiers or sailors and their 
families from imposture and fraud. 

dd. To prevent false claims from being 
made against the Government.' 

ith. To give gratuitous advice and infor- 
mation to soldiers and sailors or their fami- 
lies needing it, 

THE MEEOANTILE MARINE 
INSURANCE COMPANY. 

K; 3ff Wall Sfreet, RTcw York. 



INCORPORATED APRIL, 1842. 
Assets over $1,400,000. 



MARINE and Inland Trannportation rinks on VeMda. 
Freight and MerchandlHe insured on the most farorabl* 
terms. 

Policies are Issued, loss, if anv. rmyjible in fiold, or at 
the office of RATHBONE, BROTHEIW & CO., Urerpool, if 
desired. 

Parties effecting insurance at this office may participat« 
in the scrip dividend of prt BtM, or receiTe an equiTalent 
cash discount, at their own option. 

The risk of war coverwl at the lowest current rates. 

ELLWOOD WALTER, Pres't. 
CHAS. NEWCOMB, Vice-Pres't 
C. J. Despabd, Secretary. 



508 



The Sanitary Commission BuUetin. 



THE U. S. SANITARY COMMISSION 
Was constituted by the Secretary of War in 
Jane, 1861, in accordance with the recommen- 
dation of the Snrgeon-Geneml of the U. 8. 
Army, and its appointment and phm of organi- 
zation were approved by the Ih*e8ident Of the 
United States. Its present organization is as 
follows: 

H. W. Bellows, D.D., New York. 

A. D. Bache, LL.D., Wiwhington, D. 0. 

F. L. Olmsted, California. 

(Jeorge T. Strong, Esq., New York. 

Elisha Harris, M.D., New York. 

W. H. Van Buren, M.D., New York. 

A. E. Shiras, U. S. A. 

R. C. Wood, Assistant Snrg.-Gen*l U. S. A. 

Wolcott Gibbs, M.D., New York. 

8. G. Howe, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

C. R. Agnew, M.D., New York. 

J. S. Newberry, M.D., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Bt Rev. T. M. Clarke, Providt^nce. R. L 

Hon. R. W. Burnett, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Hon. Mark Skinner, Chicago, Dl. 

Hon. Joseph Holt, Washin^on, D. C. 

Horace Binney, Jr., Philadelphia, Penn. 

Rev. J. H. Hey wood, Louisville, Ky. 

J. Huntington Wolcott, Boston, Mass. 

Prof Fairman Rogers, Philadelphia, Penn. 

C. J. StiU6. 

Ezra B. McCagg, Chicago, DL 



H. W. BellowH, D.D., President. 

A. D. Bache, LL.D^ Vice-Pro8ident 

George T. Stronj?, Treasuror. 

J. Foster Jenkins, M.D., General Ftecretary. 

J. 8. Newberry, M.D., AHH<H-iate Secretary. 

J. H. Douglas', M.D., AHSCK^iatc Secretary. 

F. N. Kuapp, Associate Secretary. 

STANDING COJOniTEE. 

Henry W. Bellows, D.D. 
George T. Strong. 
William H. Van Bnrcu, M.D. 
Wolcott Gibbs, M.D. 
C. B. Agnew, M.D. 



HOSPITAL DIRECTORY. 

The Sanitary Commiuion has made arrangementB 
for Bupplyiug information KratuitouHly, with regard to 
patients in all the Uuit«d States General Hospitals. 

For Information relative to patients in the Hospitals in 
New York, Sew Jersey, the Sew England Statos. East- 
em Virginia. Maryland, District of Columbia, North 
Carolina, South Carolina, Florida and Louisiana, address 
"Office of Sauitar}' Commission, Washington, D. C." 

For the Hospitals in Pennsylvania, address " Office of 
Sanitary Commission, No. 1,307 Chestnut Street, Phila- 
delphia." 

For the Hospitals in Western Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois, Missouri. Iowa, Kentucky. Tennessee, Missis- 
sippi, and Arkansas, address "Office Sanitary Com- 
nUsflion, Louisville, Ky." 

In aU cases the name, rank, company, and regiment of 
the person inquired for should be given, and where ho 
was when last heard fW>m. If the application is by letter, 
the answer will be sent by return of mail ; if in person, 
It will be answered at once : or if by telegraph, an 
•ntwer will be returned immediately at the Inquirer't 
ezpenae. 

jnr Soldiers' Aid Societies, clergymen, editors, and 
others, csn soaroely serre the cause of humanity more 

' ' "r tbao by flreqnently and widely disseminating 
ige of the sbore^ among those who have Mends 
to^smiy. 



SUPPLY DEPARTMENT. 

The Sanitary Commission, under special author- 
ity of the President of the Unit<)d States, maintains 
an extenRive system of agencies for socnring the 
safe conveyance to, and distribution of, goods jmt 
in its charge for the sick and woimded at pointi 
where they are most wanted. It operates with 
equal care and generosity at all points— at New Or- 
leans and at WaHhington, before Charleston and at 
Chattanooga — it« distributions l)eing governed l^' a 
comparison of the wants of the patients in all cases. 
The following is a list of depots, to which auxiliary 
societies, and all disposea to aid the sick ana 
wrnindod, without reference to States or localities, 
but simplv to their relative necesinty for assist- 
ance, are mvited to send their oflferiugs: 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 18 West 
Street, Boston, Mass. 

SanitaiT Commission, Branch Depot, No. 10 8d 
Avenue, New York. 

Sanitary Conmiission, Branch Depot, No. 1,907 
Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 46 
South Sharp Street, Baltimore. Md. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, comer Yioe 
and Sixth Streets, Cincmnati, 0. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 95 
Bank Street, Cleveland, O. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 66 Mad- 
ison Street, Chica/^o^ 111. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 2 Ad- 
am's Block, Buffalo, New York. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 59 4th 
Street, Pittsburg, Penn. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 82 Lar^ 
ncd Street, Detroit, Mich. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, ColamboB, 
Ohio. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Fifth Street, 
Louisville, Ky. 

The Commission receives no pecuniarv aid what- 
ever from the Government, and ie wholly depend- 
ent on the voluntary contributions of the pubuo for 
the means of snstaming its operations. Ck>ntriba- 
tions to the Treasury are solicited, and may be 
transmitted to Oeorge T. Strong, Esq., Treasurer, 
68 Wall Street, N. Y. 



RELIEF DEPARTMENT. 

General Superintendent, Rev. F. N. Knapp, Waahlof- 
ton. D. G. Chief Aaaiatant. J. B. Abbott 

Soldiers' Home, near Baltimore Railroad Depot, T 
ingtou, D. C. 

Soldier's Ixxlge, 7G Kingston Street, Boston. 

IxMige No. 4. H Street, between 13th and 14th I 

Lodge No. 6, Maryhind Avenue, near Railroad Station. 

Nurses' Home, Washington, D. 0. 

Soldiers' Home, Third Street, east of Broadway, (Sn- 
cinnati. Ohio— Ool. O. W. D. Andrews, Sup't 

Soldiers' Home, Cairo, IlL— O. N. Shipman, Sap*t and 
Belief Agent. 

Soldiers' Home, Louisville, Ky.— James Malona, 8ap*L 
James Morton, Special Belief Agent 

Soldiers' Hopie, Nashville, Tenn.— L. Orane, SapH and 
Belief Agent 

Soldiers' Home, Columbus, Ohio . Sap't 

Soldiers' Home, Cleveland, Ohio— Gburk Warren, Sop't 
and Relief Agent 

Soldiers' Lodge, near landing, Memphis, Tenn.— Clf . 
Christy, Sup't and Relief Agent 

Soldiers' Lodge, Vicksburg, Miss.— T. Way, Sap't 

AOKNOT Fon pumoim. 
William F. Bascom, Pension Agent, Washington, D. 

HOSPITAL GABS. 

Between Washington and New York— floL Andxewib 
If. D., Surgeon in charge. 

Between New York and Boston, lia l^pztngflald. 

Between Louisville and Morfresaboto*— Dr. J. P. Bi» 
num. Surgeon in charge. 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



FRED'O S. OOZZENS, 

WliE ilEiOMAiT, 

73 f^^arren Street^ JVew YorU^ 

(Opposite Hudson River R. R. Depot,) 

IND 

PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, Washington, D. C, 

• (Two doors from Willard'B.) 

OP THE PUREST QUALITT, FOR 

MEDICINAL AND SANITARY PURPOSES, 

Such as are extensively used in the 

iyiilTE© STJITES l^aSPITALS 

And by the ISAN^ITARY COMMISSIODST. 

ALSO, AMERICAN WINES OF THE HIGHEST GRADES. 

Sole Agent in New York and Washington for 

Longworth's Sparkling and Still Catawba Wine, 
Brandies, etc., etc. 




Adapted to every branch of business. 

MANUFACTURED ONLY BY THE ORIGINAL INVENTORS, 

E. & T. FAIRBANKS b CO., St. Johnsbury, Vermont. 

PRINCIPAL WAREHOUSES: 
FAIHBANKS & CO., No. 252 Broadway, New York. 
FAIRBANKS & BROT77N. No. 118 Milk Street. Boston. 
FAIRBANKS, GRBENLEAF & CO., No. 172 Lake Street, Chicago. 
FAIRBANKS & EWINQ, Masonio HaU, PhUadelphla. 
FAIRBANKS ds CO., No. 246 Baltimore Street, Baltimore. 

Descriptiye circulars famished or mj^iled to any address, on application to either of 
the aboTe. 



The Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 



RECEIVED 

TWO PRIZE MEDALS 



If 





(FROM JURIES 3 AND 4) 

AT THE 



INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, 



Being Sole Awards gained by anything of the kind. It also received Superlative Report of 
"EXCEEDIJVG EXCELLENT FOR FOOD.^' 



MAIZENA, 

At the GREAT INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION at HAMBURG, July, 1863, received 
the highest Prize Medal for its great delicacy as an article of food. 

MAIZENA, 

At the FAIR of thi NEW YORK STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY, at Utica, N. Y., 
September, 1863, received both Diploma and Medal. 

MAIZENA, 

AT THE 

PennsylTania State Fair at JVorristown^ 

Oct. 3, 1863, took Gold Medal. 

" MAIZENA" has also taken the first premium at the American Institute, New York 
City; New Jkiset State Faib at Trenton, and at other places — in every instance where 
it haiis been exhibited. 

" MAIZENA" has never failed to receive the highest award when placed in competi- 
tion with Com Starch and all articles of like character, after a thorough Microscopical 
and Analytical Examination of disinterested judges. It therefore stands commended to 
the public as the best article of its kind in the world without any comments of the manu- 
facturer. 

MAIZENA, 

For Paddings, Cakes, Custards, Blanc Mange, &c., without isinglass, with few or no eggs, 
at a cost astonishing the most economical It is also excellent for thickening sweet sauces, 
gravies for fish and meat, soups, &c. For Ice Cream, notliing can compare with it. A 
uttle boiled in milk will produce rich cream for Cofifee, Chocolate, Tea, <bc. 

Put up in one pound packages, under the trade mark '*Maizena," with directions 
for nse. 

A most deUdoos article of food for children and invalidd of all ages. For sale by 
Gzooen and Bmgi^lsts everywhere. 

WHOLBBAIiE DEPOT, 166 FULTON STREET. 

. WM* DURYE A« Genera! Affcat# 



508 



The Sanitary Commission BvUettn. 



thp: u. s. sanitary commission 

Was constituted by the Sfcrrtary of War in 
Jiiii*-, lN»tl, in aoi'onljuicf with the r<»ronnnen- 
dation of tlic Snr^eon-OfUt'nil of the U. S. 
Army, and its ti)>])<>intni«-nt and plan of orp:ani- 
Ziition \v»'re approved by the President of the 
Unittd States, Its present organization is as 
follows : 

H. AV. Bellows, D.D., New York. 

A. I), hiu'h*', LL.I)., Washington, D. C. 

F. L. Olmsted, Califoniia. 

Ge<)r^^e T. Strong;, Esq., Xew York. 

Klisha Harris, M.D., New York. 

W. II. Van Buren, M.D., New York. 

A. E. ShirjLs, U. S. A. 

K. ('. Wood, Assistant Surg.-Gon'l U. S. A. 

Woleott (iibbs. M.I)., New Yt>rk. 

S. (t. Howe, M.IX, Boston, Mass. 

C. B. A^'new, M D., New York. 

J. S. Newberrv. .M.I)., Clevland, Ohio. 

m. Rev. T. M'. Clarke, Providence, li, L 

Hon. K. W. Burnett, Cijicinnjiti, Ohio. 

Hon. Mark Skinner, Chica^jo, HI. 

Hon. Jos.-ph Holt, Washin-^ton, D. C. 

Horace Binney, Jr., Philadelphia, Penn. 

Kev. J. H. Hrywood, LouisviUe, Ky. 

J. Huntington Wolcott, Boston, Mass. 

Prof. Fairman llogers, Philadelphia, Penn. 

(\ J. Stilli'. 

Ezra B. McCagg, Chicago, 111. 

omcERs: 
n. W. Bellows, D.D., Presiilent. 
A. I). Bachi', LL.I)., Vice-PreHi»U«nt. 
CiC(»rKc T. Strong, Trejmnnr. 
J. Fn.-t»r JiMikiiiH, M.D., (it-nerid Secretary. 
J. S. Ni wlM-rry, M.D., -\Msorijite Srcrrtary. 
J. II. PnuKlas, M.D., AMMoriate St-i-rctary. 
F. N. Kiiai)p, AwHociate Secretary. 

STANniXO COMMITTKE. 

II. urv W. P.«llowM, D.I). 
<;.■.„•-»■ T. Stn.iiK'. 
William II. Van Bunn, M.D. 
Wc.l.-ott (Hl)hH, M.D. 
c:. B. A^new, M.D. 



HOSPITAL DIRECTORY. 

TIh' Siinltary ('oinniisBidii has inailo arranKomontn 
for HUiii'l.Miit,' inforniatioa Ki-attiit.msly, with n-Kard to 
paticiitH in all th(> Uuitod Stati-s Cu-iirral Ilottpitalu. 

For iiitiiriiiation n-lativi> to ])atit'ntH in the IIoHpit^ilfl in 
N««w Y.irk. Niw .I.rwy, th«> Nrw KinjUml Stati'H, Va^X- 
eru Virt,MMia. Marylaiul, I>istrirt t)f ("ohuubia. North 
Carohna. South (.aroltua, (Moritla ami liOUiHiana. address 
"Ollii"'- of .Sanitary CommiH.sion, Wa8hiHK't«»at I>. C." 

For thr H'»Hi»italrt in IVnnHylvania, odtlrt'W "Offli'oof 
Ranitary CoinnilHHion, No. 1,'Ml Chestnut iStroot, Phila- 
delphia." 

Vor tin' Tlospitals in Wostem Virginia. Ohio, Indiana, 
lUinolK, Mixsonri, Iowa, Krntinky, Trniu'sH»'«», MissiR- 
Bippi. an«l Arkansan, addrcHH "Offlro Sanitary Com- 
miMrtion, LouinMlh*. Ky." 

In all (-as<>H the namo, rank, company, and rr^inicnt of 
th<« prrscin imiuirt'd for 8hould W- jjivtMi. and when* he 
wan wlnn last In-ard from. If th«' ai>pliratl>n ih hy hotter, 
tln> answer will be m'Ut by n'tum of nuiil ; if in ]>«>njion, 
it will W answiTiMl at \mvv : or if by trh'jjraph, an 
answrr will Ik* n turned immediately at the inquirer's 
expense. 

Mir Soldiera' Aid Soeleties, clerRvmon, editors, and 
others, can iM'an'ely serve the causae of hinnanity more 
efTectually than by 'frequeutly and widolj- disseiuinatin« 
a knowledge of the above, among those who have friendji 
in the army. 



SUPPLY DEPARTMENT. 

The Banitarr Commisaiom nnder epecial author- 
ity of tho Preflidoni of the United States, maintaixM 
an exteuHivo Bystcm of agencies for securing the 
Hafp a invoyaneo to, and dutribation of, goods pat 
in itH cliafp^ti for the sick and wounded at poioti 
where tlioy aro most wanted. It operates with 
equal care and Ki-'nemnity at all points— at New Or- 
leaiiH and at Wanhington, before Charleston and at 
ChattaiKwj^a— its distributions being governed by a 
comparison of the wants of the patients in all cases. 
The following is a list of depots, to which auxiliarr 
iMKMotieH, and all dinposca to aid the sick ana 
woiitided, without reference to Stat'W or locaUties, 
but simply to their relative necessity for assisi- 
ance, are invited to send their offerings: 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 18 West 
Street. ll<)Hton, Mass. 

Sanitarv Commission, Branch Depot, No. 10 3d 
Avenue, f^ew York. 

Sanitarv Commission, Branch Depot, No. 1,307 
Chest nut 'street, Philadelphia. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 46 
South Sharp Str(>et, Baltimore. Md. 

Sanitary Commission^ Branch Depot, comer Vine 
and Sixth' Stn'cts, Cincinnati, O. 

Sanitarv* Commission, Branch Depot, No. 95 
Bank Street, Cleveland, O. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 66 Mad- 
ison Street, Chicago, IlL 

Sanitarv Commission, Branch Depot, No. 2 Ad« 
am*H lUock, liuffalo, New York. 

Sanitarv Commission, Branch Depot, No. 59 4th 
Street, Pittnlmrg, Penn. 

Saiiitar}' Commission, Branch Depot, No. 82 Lar- 
neil Street, Detroit, 3[ich. 

Sanitar}' Comiiiissiun, Branch Depot, Columbua, 
Ohio. 

Sanit ary Commission, Branch Depot, Fifth Street^ 
Louinvillo, Ky. 

The Commission receives no pecuniary aid what- 
ever from th(; Govcmmont, and is wholly depend- 
ent on the voluntary contributions of the public for 
the means of nustaining its operations. Uontribn- 
tions to the Treasury' are solicited, and may be 
trannmitted to George T. Strong, Esq., Treasurer, 
(W Wall Street, N. Y. 



RELIEF DEPARTMENT. 

General Huperlntondent, Rev. F. N. KnApp, Waahliifl- 
ton. 1). C. Chief Anaistant, J. B. Abbott. 

Holdiers' Uomo, near Baltimore Bailroed Depot, Waab> 
in»jt«»n, D. C. 

Soldier's I-,o<1rp, 76 Kingston Street, Boston. 

Lod»,'e No. 4, II Htreet, between 13th and 14th Streetiu 

Loilge No. 5, Mar>'laud Avenue, near Railroad Station. 

NurMes* Homo. Washington, D. C. 

Holdiem' Uoiue, Tliird Street, east of Broadwaj, Clil- 
clnnatl, Ohio— Ool. O. W. D. Andrews, Sup't 

Soldiera' llomo, Cairo, IlL— C. N. Shipman, 8ap*t and 
Relirf Agent. 

Soldiera' Home. Lcnisville. Ky James lialona, Sup't. 

JanieH Morton, S^n'olal Relief Agent. 

S«iliiiera' Hopio, Nashville, Tenn.—L. Crane, Sup't and 
Relief Agent. 

Soliliem' Home, Columbus, Ohio , Snp't. 

Soldiers' Home, Cleveland, Ohio— Olark Warren, Snp't 
and lltdief Agent. 

Soldiers' I^nlge, near landing, Memphis, Tenn.— CW* 
ChriHty. Sup't and Relief Agent 

Soldiers' Lodge, Vickaburg. Miss.— T. Way, Sup't 

AGKMCT rOB PSHSIOHS. 

William F. Bascom, Pension Agent, Washington, D. 

HOSPITAL CABS. 

Between Washington and New Tork— SoL Andrew^ 
M. I).. Surgeon in charge. 

Bi'tw(>en New York and Boston, via Springfield. 

Ik'twoun Louisville and Morfireesboro'— Dr. J. P. Baiw 
num, Surgeon in charge. 



BAHITABT I 

Cumberland Biver- New Dunleith. 



The Sanitary Commission BuUeiin. 



FRED'O S. OOZZENS, 

WliE ilEiOiAiT, 

73 fW*arren Street^ JVew \*orki 

(Opposite Hudson River R. R. Depot,) 

IND 

PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, Washington, D. C, 

• (Two doors from Willard's.) 

OP THE PURKST QUALITY, FOR 

MEDICINAL AND SANITARY PURPOSES, 

Such as are extensively used in the 

UHITEO STATES HOSPITALS 

Ajid by the JS^DSTITj^RY C0M:M:iSSI01Sr. 

ALSO, AMERICAN WINES OF THE HIGHEST GRADES. 

Sole Agent in New York and Washington for 

Longworth's Sparkling and Still Catawba Wine, 
Brandies, etc., etc. 

.^ m_ X 




Adapted to every branch of business. 

MANUFACTURED ONLY BY THE ORIGINAL INVENTORS, 

E. & T. FAIRBANKS & CO., St. Johnsbury, Vermont. 

PRINCIPAL WAREHOUSES: 
FAIHBANKS & CO., No. 252 Broadway, New York. 
FAIRBANKS & BRCWN. No. 118 Milk Street, Boston. 
FAIRBANKS, QREENLBAF & CO., No. 172 Lake Street, Chicago. 
FAIRBANKS & EWINO, Masonic HaU, PhUadelphla. 
FAIRBANKS ds CO^ No. 246 Baltimore Street, Baltimore. 

Descriptive circulars famished or mailed to any address, on application to either of 
the above. 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



mm 



m»f^ 



w m 

RECEIVED 



Idl) m 



I(r 



TWO PRIZE MEDALS 





(FROM JURIES 3 AND 4) 

AT THE 



INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, 



Being Sole Awards gained by anything of the kind. It also received Superlative Report of 
"EXCEEDIJVG EXCELLENT FOR FOOD.'' 



MAIZENA, 

At the GREAT INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION at HA:vrBURa, July, 1863, received 
the highest Prize Medal for its great delicacy as an article of food. 

MAIZENA, 

At the FAIR of the NEW YORK STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETT, at Utica, N. Y., 
September, 18C3, received both Diploma and Medaii. 

MAIZENA, 

AT THE 

Pennsylvania State Fair at JVorristown^ 

Oct. 3, 1863, took GoiiD Medal. 

** MAIZENA" has also taken the first premium at the Amebic an Institute, New York 
City; New^ Jk;set State Faib at Trenton, and at other places — in every instance where 
it has been exhibited. 

** MAIZENA'* has never failed to receive the highest award when placed in competi- 
tion with Com Starch and all articles of like character, after a thorough Microscopical 
and Analytical Examination of disinterested judges. It therefore stands commended to 
the public as the best article of its kind in the world without any comments of the manu- 
facturer. 

MAIZENA, 

For Puddings, Cakes, Custards, Blanc Mange, kc. , without isinglass, with few or no eggB» 
at a cost astonishing the most cconomiciU. It is also excellent for thickening sweet sanoeey 
gravies for fish and meat, soups, &c. For Ice Cream, notliing can compare with it. A 
httle boiled in milk will produce rich cream for Coffee, Chocolate, Tea, 4co. 

Put up in one pound packages, under the trade mark '*Maizena," with directioiit 
for use. 

A most delicious article of food for children and invalids of all ages. For sale bj 
Grocers and Druggists everywhere. 

WHOLESALE DEPOT, 166 FULTON STREET. 

WJtt. OIJRYEA. Genera! Agrcat* 



The Sanitary Gommission BtMetin. 



511 



OFFICE OF THE 



^Colttmlrki (^Mm) §\mixmm 

COMPANY, 

CJORNER OF WALL AND NASSAU STREETS. 



CASH CAPITAL, 



si,ooo,ooo. 



From Statement for the Sixth Fiscal Year, ending December 31, 1863. 

Total Amount of Assets, January 1, 1864 $3,140,930 80 

Total Amount of Premiums 3,252,256 76 

Excess of Earned Premiums over Losses, &c , 1,131,063 33 

Reserve for Estimate Claims Unadjusted and other Contingencies 441,206 49 

Guaranteed Cash Dividend to Dealers, (holding certificates of same) on 
Paid Premiums Earned during the Year, whether Loss has Accrued 

or not 269,614 80 

Scrip Dividend to Dealers, on Earned Premiums 15 per cent. 

Dividend for the Year to Stockholders 26 per cent. 



LOSSES PAID IN GOLD upon Bisks on which the Preminm is paid in like Gorrency. 

DEALERS WITH THIS COMPANY will be allowed the option (to be 
signified at the time of application for insurance) of receiving in lieu of scrip, at the end 
of each year, RETURNS IN CASH, (guaranteed by certificate) of premiums paid and 
earned during the year, whether loss accrues or not, upon all new risks under the NEW 
YORK FORM OF POLICY, as follows: 

Ist. Upon aU VOYAGE Risks upon CARGO, a return of TWENTY-FIVE 

PER CENT. 

2d. Upon VOYAGE Risks upon FREIGHT, a return of TWENTY per cent. 
3d. Upon TIME Risks upon FREIGHT, and upon VOYAGE and TIME Risks 
upon HULLS, a return of TEN per cent. 

Such privilege, however, being confined to persons and firms, the aggregate of whose 
premiums upon such policies earned and paid during the year, shall amount to the sum of 
one hundred dollars. 

DIRECTORS. 



EDWARD ROWE, 
DANIELS. LORD, 
GEORGE MILN, 
JOIIN ATKIXiON, 
THOS. A. C. C?0(:nRANE, 
WM. H. HALSEY, 
TH03. BARRUN, 
ROLAND G. MTTCHELL, 
ALBERT O. LEE, 
GEORGE P. DERHON, 
O. L. KlilS, 



M. F. HERICK, 
WM. B. OGDEN, 
JOHN ARMbTROXG, 
B. C. MORRIS, 
ANDREW J. RICH, 
DAN'L W. TELLER, 
JOHN D. BATFS, Jr., 
CHARLES mCKOX, 
ROBERT BO»VNE, 
LAWRENCE MYERS, 
S. N. DERRICK, 



THOS. LORD, VioePresident. 



MOSES MERICK, 
DAVID J. ELY, 
J0SE1»H MORRISON, 
WM. H. POPHAM, 
B. C. MORRIS, JR , 
EZRA NYE, 
HENRY J. CAMMANN, 
THOMAS LOR'J, 
ROBERT S. HOLT, 
J. B. GRIFFIN. 

B. C. MORRIS, President. 



'WM. M. WHITNBY. 2d Vioe-Prasldeiit and SeoretaiY. 



512 The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 

NORTH AMERICAN 

Fire Insurance Company^ 

IN THE CITY OP NEW YORK. 



OFFICE, No. 114 BROADWAY. 



IN^CORPOTIATEID 1823. 

CASH CAPITALCMayl,) 

AND SURPLUS,! 1864, p'^^^)"^* irf. 

ASSETS: 

Loans on Bond and irortjrairo, being firi^t lien on Real Estate, 

worth over Fifty per et'iit. al)ovo the amount loaned $173,160 00 

Stocks, l>oiids and other Securities owned by the Company, mar- 
kit Viibui 365,960 00 

Cash in Bank and Office 21,232 15 

Lnan> (»n denumd wiih collaterals. . 71,400 00 

Pi-ciiiiuins dm* and outstanding!: 3,820 81 

Ca.-?h ill Air^Mits* hands in course of transmission [business of April 

n ( c ivVd I 13,491 57 

Interest accrued on Sec^urities 21,684 60 

Other l*roperty of Company I,2li5 00 

$675,014 13 
Losses unadjusted $1*0,500 00 



IIl^^^es rroperly against Ldss or Damajre by Fire at usual rates, 
aiid returns throe-fourths of tlio net Profits, each year, to the As- 
sured. 

P()li(!ies Issued and Losses paid at llio OfTice of the Company, or at 
its various Agencies in tlie principal cities in the United States. 

JAMES W. OTIS, President. 

R. W. BUGECKER, Secretary. 
B. F, MASON, Sup't Agencies. 



THE 

SANITARY COMMISSION 
BULLETIN. 



Vol. I. 



NEW YORK, JULY 1, 1864. 



No. 17. 



CX)NTENTS. 

Page. 
Bbfobts— 

Sherman's Department 518 

Belief Work at Port Royal 522 

Point Isabella Hospital, Ey 585 

Abut Suboeoks, 523 

HoBPFTAi. GiiOTHiNa — Correction. 525 

SocvEB IS Fbedebicksbubo 526 

liTiTEB WBrroro dc Camp 531 

What is bedxq done fob Sick and Wounded 
SOLDIEBS 631 

HOKIS AND LODOBS 534 

Notes ON Nubsino 536 

The Saititabt Commission Bulletin is publish^ 
on thejirsl and J{fteerUh of every month, and as U 
ha$ a circulatianf gratuitous or other, ofdborae 14,000 
oo^pM, it offers an uniuuaUy valuable medium for 
adoertising. 

AU communications must he addressed to the Ed- 
itor, at the office, 823 Broadway, and must he au- 
thenticated hy the names and addresses of the writers, 

Ab the continuance of the publication of the Bul- 
XOEHN is uncertain, depending on that of the war, 
and on the resources qf the U. 8, Sanitary Com- 
fmitsion—the Standing CommiUee feels a certain de- 
gree ofrductance to solicU subscriptions for it— and 
Ikereby to pledge the Commission to its issue for a 
definite period. 

The Committee understand, however, that some qf 
Ihebrfriends to whom it is now sent gratuitously, ex- 
press a wish to pay for it, and they Oierefore give 
notice that the sum qf two doUarSj remitted to the 
treasurer, (G. T. Stbono, 68 WaU Street, or No, 
833 Broadway, New York,) wiU secure its heing sent 
to fucA contributor during the remainder of the cur- 
rent yexxr, unless its publication be sooner diaconr 
ilnued. 

You L—No. 17. 83 



SHERMAN'S DEPARTMENT. 

AFFAIRS AT CHATTANOOGA. 

Dr. Bead reports to Dr. Newberry, from 
Chattanooga, Jane 12: 

For a long time events have so crowded 
upon each other, in this department, and 
my work has been of such a miscellaneoas 
character, that it has been impossible for 
me to give yon any detailed statement of 
that part of the work especially under my 
observation. 

A brief allasion to the more prominent 
occurrences of the past, and to the lessons 
they seem to teach, would, perhaps, be all 
you would care to read during the stirring 
events of the present 

During the spring and summer of 1863, 
the Commissary's Department and the 
Commission furnished a large supply of 
vegetables to the soldiers in the field, and 
when in midsummer the army advanced 
from Murf reesboro*, the men were in good 
condition, and though the long inarch to 
Chattanooga was a tedious one, over moun- 
tain roads, it was through a country where 
green com, potatoes, fruits and berries 
were comparatively abundant. 

In getting into Chattanooga, our army 
met the lebels in overwhelming numbers on 
the bloody field of Chickamauga, and 
though they retired from the battle-field, 
they won, at a terrible loss, a substantial 
victory, and Chattanooga was firmly held. 
But our army there was really besieged; 
the soldiers there, to a great extent, had 
lost their clothing, tents, and blanketa 
The means of transportation were so limit- 
ed, that the loss could not be supplied. 
During the cold wet weather that followed 
after, fences, shade treea^and oIIcs^gM£^\a\iSLdr 
inga were ooi^saixiiQdu C«a£<s^^a:«i^^«s^^^t9 



iH 



The Sanitary Commmion Bulletin. 



nr^'ly kin<llcrcl,either for warmth or forcook- 
iiiy, on account of the want of wopd. 

Tho severely wounded were returned 
here in crowded hospitals, sparingly pro- 
vid«d with the articles of diet, clothing, 
etc. , which such men need, although every 
availubh; means was employed to get stores 
thron^^h from Stevenson, and the hospitals 
were much better supplied, than any other 
part of the army. I was enabled to get 
though a large supply of condensed milk, 
an article, in such an emergency, of ines- 
timable value, used freely in tea and coffee, 
as a dressing for toast and rice, and for 
making milk punches; it alone I have no 
doubt, saved hundreds of lives, and this 
was the testimony of all the surgeons whom 
I heard speak of it. 

In the meantime our brave soldiers have 
exhibited the highest types of heroism. 
Inad('quately clothed, many without blank- 
ets, with leaking tents, or none at all, on 
half and quarter rations, of the current 
articles of diet alone; their jiitiful allowance 
of hard tack, frequently wet and mouldy, 
gathering from the streets the scattering 
grains of corn **to parch," and thus eke 
out their scanty allowance; encamped in a 
sea of mud, cxi>osed to the constant fall 
rains without fire; their encampments a 
daily target for the enemy's shells, their 
confidence in their cause, and in their com- 
mander was unshaken, and the determina- 
tion to endure this and more, as long as it 
might be necessary, was universal. In 
riding through the camps complaints and 
murmuriugs were unheard, and I doubt not 
had the vote of the soldiers been taken, in 
the most untoward circumstances, the de- 
cision would have been nearly, or quite 
unanimous, "to die in Chattanooga, rather 
than abandon it." 

The deliverance for which they waited, 
came in the scries of brilliant battles in 
November, with such a loss as was of 
course inevitable; and our hosjutals were 
again crowded with wounded. Communi- 
cation was opened by river and by railroad, 
and the stores accumulated at Stevenson, 
Nashville, etc., were brought forward in 
abundance. 

The hospitals were all supplied with all 

articles of necessity and luxury, yet the per 

ventage of deatliB from hospital was much 



greater than after the battle of Chicka- 
manga. 

After the battles of Chattanooga, the 
want of all means of transportation render- 
ed another period of repose inevitable for 
that part of the army which was confronting 
the rebel Gen. Johnson, and an effort was 
made to vary the hard fare of the soldiers 
by the addition of potatoes, onions, pick- 
les, etc. 

Never before in this department were so 
large amounts of these articles distributed 
by our Commission; and they were made 
to reach the entire army. Larger qnanti- 
ties than are ordinarily issued were for- 
warded by the commissaries; and now 
when active operations are resumed, and our 
hospitals are again crowded with wounded, 
a marked change in the physical condition 
of the men is apparent. Patients are rap- 
idly recovering from wounds now, who 
wounded in like manner, in the battles of 
November, would certainly have died. 

THE liESSON OF EXPEBIEXCE. 

The lesson it seems to me, we should 
learn from this, is one which has often 
been urged by the Commission, and cannot 
be rei)eated too often, ** that the time to 
care for our wounded, is before they are 
wounded" — the time to care for woonds, is 
before they are made. This can only be 
done by a constant and liberal issue of 
vegetable food to the men in the field, and 
to be effectuaUy done, and at the least ex- 
pense, should never be deferred until the 
appearance of scurvy admonishes us that 
our work has been neglected. 

It seems to me also, that during these 
l>eriodic seasons of repose, we should accu- 
mulate larger supplies of ** battle-stores," 
at the extr^ne front, or at the nearest 
place to the front where they will be safe. 

The greater part of the stores which are 
of special necessity, during battles, and im- 
mediately after them, such as milk, beef 
tea, stimulants, shirts, drawers, rags, band- 
ages, compresses, sheets, pillows, pads, 
arm-slings, etc., will keep an indefinite 
length of time, and it would be a great 
relief at all times, to those of us at the 
front, if we could feel that from the accu- 
mulation of these stores here, a rebel raid, 
the failure of a bridge, a military necessity, 
leqvuxmg ^ >^^ \x«SkS^i\A.\iL<^ii y^^. the rear 



for dnyn or weeks, for troops^ equipages, mu- 
mtloiifi or foitige, would not deprive ua of the 
pow«r of aicliDg the wounded. The mterrup- 
tion oi trunsportiitioa for the pmt week, by 
I the failnre of a bridge, has teriouslj emb&£>- 
I mseed na, by making it impossible to re- 
ceive stores, which we are exceedingly 
mud Otis to ship to the front, where they are 
greatly needed, and which we could readily 
; pufih forwcu'd at any time from this point 

THE PKAJ> AT GHICKAMAVOA. 

After the extraoTdiaory demjind upon our 
storea and time, incident to the battles of 
Korember, had somewhat diminished, an 
inquiry waa received with regard to an 
officer of a MiEsouri Begiuient, who wae 
mippoaed to have fallen on tho battle-field 
of Chiekamauga, accompaided by an ur- 
gent request from his father^ a re^deut ol 
New Jersey, that his fate be ascertained, 
and his body recovered, if poesibl& The 
I tA&k at &rst seemed a hopeless one, but 

after a little time sueh information was ob* 
ioined as rendered success probable, aud 
an expedition was started for the battle- 
field milder command of Gapt. Barber, of 
Ihe Ohic» Sharp-shooters, and an escort of 
, bia m^n. The Captaiu was also instructed 
, by Gen. Thomiis t<> bury any of our dead 
who might he found on the field, and mske 
report on his return to the headqnartetra of 
the department. The expedition was suc- 
eemlnl, the body sotight for found, and 
elearly identiiied, and is now deposited in 
the National Cemetery here. 

But so many of our dead were found en- 
tirely unburied, and the work of previous 
burial parties so imperfectly done, (the 
rains having washed away the scanty cov- 
erings of earth, so that hamhi, feet, and 
akidk protruded from almost every grave J 
that the Captain concluded not to attempt 
to fiuish the work, and returned on the 
second day, and made report of the condi- 
tion of the field- This report induced the 
General Commanding to iJisue his order to 
Capt Barber, to take the greater part of 
his command, proceed to the battle- iield^ 
encamp there, and continne his work until 
aH the dead were buried. What 1 had seen 
oa the previous expedition induced me to 
jiooompimy this* to work with the Captain, 
and m far as possible identify the remiiins 
of lk& lallm, nmrk their Testing places, aud 



save for the friends all personal mementoes 
that could be gathered up. During the 
fifteen days spent upon the field, between 
800 and 900 of our dead were buried; some 
had never been buried, and part bad been 
imperfectly buried by oar own men after 
the battles of November* The only in* 
stance indicating that the rebek had buried 
any of our dead, was, where the men were 
found buried in one grave, all shot in ike 
k^ad, a itrap buckled around the arm of 
one and the legs of another tied together 
with a strap. 1 1 was e vident they had been 
shot after they were captured- 

The whole battle-field was careftilly pji- 
trolled by Cnpt Barber's men, a grave dug 
for each soldier, his remains carefully de- 
posited and covered, and when by a care> 
fill examination of clothing, contents of 
pockets, or in any other way the identity 
of the body could be ascertained, the grave 
was marked with his name. 

The inscription on the head-hoards and 
the location of the graves of all who were 
buried by our men during the battle, 
or from the rebel hospitals, were also care- 
fully noted, and the bodies of many have 
been thus recovered and forwarded to their 
friends through this office. 

One instance moLl illustrate the nature of 
this work: Two miles south of Crawfish 
Springs we found the body of a man whose 
clothing indicated that he was a Union offi* 
cer, a Lieutenant or Captain, as indicated 
by his coat; an artillery or cavalrj officer, 
as indicated by his pants. Kcar him waa 
found a private soldier, with a sutler's 
cheek of tUe 4th Ohio Cavaliy in his pock- 
et. A large number of the officer's teeth 
had been filled with goUL A& these were 
loose in the jaws, only the skeleton and 
clothing remaining, they were taken, with 
a description of tlie light color of hair and 
every particular which could identify the 
remains. Upon our return to Chattanoo- 
ga, I ascertained that Chaplain Tan Home 
had received a letter of inquiry from the 

mother of Lieut, — , 4th Ohio Cavalij, 

who was supposed to have fallen in the 
neighborhood where this body was found. 
A minute description was returned, and in 
response a friend of the deceased comes 
down IroTH - - - - ^'ai (^€^x\^ V^^^VliSifej^^Oia.^ 



i 



510 



The Sanitary CommiMum BMlldm. 



Otlurs were also identified, and many . 
iJK'Sf-rved mementoes gathered up which 
viiint Kent to the Cleveland Fair, to be de- 
liverf (1 to friends, if found. 

During the first occupation of this place 
there was no general system of burials, 
and tlie dead were deposited in scattered 
gronpH, graves imperfectly marked, or not 
murkifd ut all, and no general register kept 
any wln^re. All this is now changed. A 
most (li'sirable location has been selected 
for a National Cemetry, which has been 
pljKM^d in charge of Chaplain Van Home, 
spe^ijilly detailed by Gen. Thomas for that 
duty; th(i grounds arc being regularly and 
b«?aiiti fully laid out, with btreets and ave- 
niHH, the whole surrounded by a substan- 
tial hfoiji; wall, now nearly completed, the 
Huiiii/jit of th(? hill to be crowned by a suit- 
abl<; i/ioiiuiueiit, and the whole of the 
^rrowuiU to be filled with ornamental trees 
a/id hljnilm, at the proper season. A com- 
ply t<- np^JHtirr of all burials is now kept, 
aij'l i'\tr\ \)(thH\h\(i precaution taken to se- 
eiip: abr.oliite aecturacy, 

'J |je fj<rju<;nt loss of hospital records 
ixU*'T tin; Imttle of Chickamauga, and the 
fa';t tliat there were many Division Hos- 
\tl\il\^ at the post wliieli did not report to 
tli<', M«:dieal Director, induced us to keep 
at our (AWi'o a register of all hospital cases 
|j<-n*, and adding to it so far as wo could a 
nr',r(\ i)f all d«*athsin regimental hospitals 
aii'l of the killfd in action. This has been 
of H / inMch service to us in answering special 
iii^|iiiri^« from the Hospital Directory, and 
fro/B friends at home, that wo have felt 
eompilh'tl to continue it, and keep at the 
oili'*' a full n*f^i.st<*r of all patients at this 
post. We add t<j it alw> the location of all 
j/rav<K, as far as we can, from the regular 
r« portK, and from copies of the inscriptions 
of uU head-boards of scattered graves. 

MAIL MATTEIW. 

The detention of letters and papers in 
the post office here directed to soldiers and 
commanding officers of comi^anies has been 
a great evil, and cannot be avoided, unless 
all will learn to i}repmj fulhj all mail mat- 
ter sent to soldiers in the field, or unless 
some one will pay the daily postage on the 
packages underpaid. The letters to sol- 
diers are usually from friends at home, and 
the failure to receive them frequently pre- 



vents the aoldier from writmg home. The 
packages to offieen of compsnies rerj often 
contain demlfitiie roIlB and discharge pa- 
pers, and great loss and annoyance mnst 
frequently occur from their detention. 
Under yoor insftnictions I have already 
paid the postage on 6^130 letters and pack- ' 
ages, which would otherwise have been de- 
tained, the postage amounting to $418.41, 
and have to-day also directed the postmas- 
ter to pay the postage on newspaper pack- 
ages sent from the oiBce of publication, 
which could not otherwise be forwarded. 
As it win require a large amount to keep 
up these payments, I trust you will call 
attention to the imiK>rtance of having all 
mail matter to soldiers in the field, indud- 
ing newspapers and magazines from the 
offices of publication /u% prepaid. This, 
abo, should be borne in mind, that double 
rates are charged on all .deficits, and that 
no postmaster has any discretion allowed 
him. He must collect it or lose it, or have 
the package on which it is charged in his 
office. 

We have forwarded as requested from 
time to time, to various points in the North, 
the bodies of officers and soldiers who have 
been killed in action oi who have died in 
hospitals, and I believe in every instance 
the remains have reached the proper des- 
tination in safety. You will see, however, 
from a General Order, which I send you^ 
marked *'A," that this part of our work 
must be suspended until after the 81st day 
of October next. 

THB GABDKNS. 

Under some discouragements, and as the 
result of much labor, the hospital gardens 
of the Commission are proving eminently a 
success. The ground has not been accu- 
rately measured, but it is estimated between 
150 and 200 acres, in addition to about 40 
acres of vineyards of Catawba vines, which 
are now in good condition, and fruiting welL 
The general and sx>ecial orders, of which 
the copies enclosed are marked B, C, D ft 
E, will show how fully we have been aided 
and sustained in this part of our work by 
Major-General Thomas, commanding the 
Department, and by Major- General Stead- 
man, commanding the post. An additional 
order was published in the paper here, 
which effectually prevents all trespasnng. 




The Sanitary Commi&don BuSetin, 



We hare one compfiiiy of the Slat Indiana 
pemuiaentlj detailed as & guard Hure 
aboQt 30 men &a a permoaent detaU for 
workmen and to gftther the vegGtubles^and 
A djLijj detail from a colored regiment^ of 
from 50 to T5 men. We have had made at 
the Government shop 1 roller, 1 hand and 
1 horse **mftrker," -1 hurrowa, some 3(M) 
feet of hot-bed frames^ and various other 
articles. Have received many toola from 
tbe country, and have a full supply of hor- 
oeB, harneas, and all took except hoes^ of 
which we need two or three dozen m.ore. 

We have issued thus far only mustard, 
Jettace, radishes, pe&s and oniona> and are 
now dblribiiting of these to aU soldiers in 
and out of hospitals at tliia post, and have 
shipped twice to the bospitala at Beaaca, 

The total issues to date have been 2^19 
basheU. While entering up the iasnes for 
the day J last eyening, an orderly from De- 
partment Headquarters brought in the 
fiote of which the copy is en closed, marked 
*'F-" It ii evident now, unless some un- 
expected aoeident happens, that the gar- 
den will furaiflb a continuous and full sup- 
ply of vegetables for all the sick and woun- 
ded at the post, through the summer and 
early fall months, with a constant surplus 
for convalescent camps and men in the 
field I send you enclosed a stati^ment 
of ^e isauea of this post, and of the shtp- 
metita to the front, of the moat important 
articles for the mouth of May. The aggre- 
gate of some of the articles are very large, 
but never before has there been such a 
large and long-coutinued demand for these 
articles, a demand which wUl eontinuo 
and probablj increase for many days to 
eome. 

Of the more recent work at the front, 
those who are on the field have or will give 
jou full reports. Ab soon as it was evident 
that an imm-^diate advance of tlio army 
was contemplated, a depot of stores was 
opene<l at Ringgold, forces called in from 
Nashville, Knoxville and Huntsville, all 
gathering at the point 

LThe details of the work there they will 
Ǥrrate. I will only add, that it is certain 
oar stores have been of inestimable value. 
They have been pushed on from point to 
point, as the railroiul has been opened, 
going on by the first train, and at every 



battle have been taken by teams from the 
terminal depot to the field and distributed 
to the wounded, frequently under fire^ and 
always as fast as they were gathered into 
the Field Hospitals. 

The steady advance of the army haa pre- 
vented gathering complete lists of casual- 
ties; but the name, rank, company, regi- 
ment, and nature of wound of all who have 
been admitted into the temporary field hos- 
pi tab, have been forwarded to you, with 
copies of the inscriptions of aU head boarda 
on the battle-field this side of Kingston, the 
lists of the deaths in hospitals at the front, 
etc. 

All statistics are forwarded to the office 
of the Hospital Directory as fast as receiv- 
ed, and every effort is made to bring up the 
reports of the changes in thi^ hospitals here, 
which are now long in arrears, I have aa- 
snrance thnt this difficulty will be immedi- 
ately remedied. 

My CO -lab or era here are Mr, Bartlett, 
Store -keeper^ assisted hy Mr. Kindle, Trans- 
portation Agent, Prof. H. B. Hosford, Hos- 
pital Yiaitor, Mr. Miney, and Mr. Hough* 
ton, who have charge of special inquiries 
and the reports for the Hospit4il Directory, 
and Mr. Thomas Wills, Gardener, all emi- 
nently fitted for the duties assigned them, 
and all laboring beyond their strength in 
the discharge of their duties. Mr. Werth 
is also here, and did good service as Trans- 
portation Agent, until sickness rendered 
him incapalde of disch urging the duties of 
his office. He is assisting iu the store- 
room. but will leave soon for his home. 

Onr main want is now, a constant and 
large supply of all battle stores. We have 
sent everything to the front, and otir agents 
and the Medical Director are calling for 
more. We exj^ect six car-loads this P. M. 
from Nashville, and shall send at least four 
of them immediately to the front. 

The ice you sent came in excellent con- 
dition, and I hope more will be forwarded. 
Of all w© have, we need a larger supply 
than we have received for a long time, and 
of our cooking utensils, cups, plates, coffee 
boilers, camp -kettles, a large number are 
required. But you know fully onr wants 
from the telegram i and letters already for- 
warded, and a repetition of them is unne- 
oesaaiy. 




4 

t 

I 



4 



ii 



518 



TTie Sanitary Commission BtiUdin. 



AT THE PttONT. 

Mr. lleod writes: 

SosPtTAL Fnwr DmBioif. In* A, C.I 
Kk^ DjLi-Mui, June iJt, laM. ) 

Here we are and be re we Lave been for 
eight days. Constant tiring on our front 
anil to the right and left of u^^ The enemy 
reached this place one diiy in advance of 
US, put np tbeir workii, and bg far have 
atopp(»d our progress. There are not un- 
frequt^nt af*mtilta on both aides^ and each 
aide has so far bet-n repuUed. We are mov- 
ing our line farther tu the left and neai-er 
to the railroad^ while McFheraoii.who is an 
onr extrenni rifi:bt^ can neither ailvanco nor 
get awuy; neither can the enejny drive him 
away. 

I think wo have had not Icsji than — — 
"woundod einee we left Resaca. W*^ have 
hail no rain far a week, and the weather i^ 
very hot; thermometer 93^ in the shade to- 
day. 

Yesterday we rw?eivt%i three loadft of 
stori'S from Kingston. Pocotrk going after 
tht^m, but he waa comix*lled to h*ave them 
uomt' nine milei* baek. The wagons had to 
take in ammnuitjon, so that he came here 
] oa vi n g t h e s tores a n d or giiar d* I obi ain ed 
othrr wagonn of the Medieal Pnrreyon 

Tlu' liospitalsof the 15th and lUth Corps 
have been niovodwitb tbeir wounded eight 
nii]r,H to the left of where they \tere fimt ea- 
tabhshnb Thi% of course, is hard aud in- 
juriotiH f fir the bad ca-ses. The light teases 
have been sent back to Kingston, and, in 
some eui^eaf the very bad ones, but thiB wan 
done but by order of Dr. Eitto- ♦ * 

By being on thti field as wo are, "wo can 
secnre all needed transportation, 

f^ 4t « # » 

Dr. Hflzen is in the sick train this Bide of 
Chattanooga; Fairchild with the 1 4th Coqis; 
Bruiidiiitt with the 20th; Hobbt with the 
4th and 2;Jd; and I go from one to the 
othi*r^ doing what I can. Tlie liflts of car- 
nal ties have all been forwarded, and goods 
have been brought forward promptly. 

ciiATTAsoofSA, jmnt J. law. 

We have sent two car-loads of Rti>res to 

Kingston to-day, and liave but little left 

here. Thirty- six boxes containing shirts, 

J/anTTs. raga and bandages, are on the way 

from Km^x villc. I have purchased and had 

msde ^200 worth of cooJdng utenails, cups. 



cofiTee pota, poils, wash baains, &c,j i^ 
and Hent them to Kingston, where th« 
wounded come in by tbonsandfr, and where, 
with out this provision, little food could be 
prepared or served, Mr. Enos and Mm, 
Dickinson have gone down to-day. I have 
aaked Mr. Tone to take all aTnilable help 
and cooking utensils from Baaac^ to that 
pointy turning over all needed ato^ea to the 
General Hospital remaining tbere^ and en- 
gaging aome one connected wi^ it to an- 
swer promptly all special inquiries and foj^ 
nijjh us reporta. 

We Hf&d hospital and batMs s&?re9 of oM 
kimis. 77ie call upt>n us kas been larger (htm 
ever be/ore in this dep<irtmenU and tee hatm 
more Hfari^ fh^n ever bi/are supplied the de- 
mand. The daily demand will not di miniaht 
but rather increase for weeks. Do not lei ub 
Ittck suppliei^. The comfort of all and the 
Uvea of many will depend on the anpplies 
you send us. When one man or a thousand 
actually needs our stores to*day, we cannot 
keep them for the thonaandii who wiU need 
them more to-morrow. We look for new 
shipments for them. 

The continued rains interfere aomevhai 
with gardening operations and the gather- 
ing of vegetables; but all the time the 
weather permits, from twelve to twentj 
men are gathering f re$b vegetables, which 
are taken by our own men to the Tarions 
hospitals, in quantities to reach all who 
carefully use them. And nothing we fur- 
nisli is more gratefully received or more 
beneficial- Two double wagons are^ employ* 
ed for this work, and are rarely diverted to 
any other duty. 

We send you lists of deaths to date in 
licsaca hospitals, and additional lists of 
those kilkd in action near Besaea^ gathered 
with much labor, by Mr. Tone, from the in- 
aoriptiona on the headboards of the scat- 
tered graves. 

♦ » ♦ ♦ # 

THE HOSPITALa AT CHAITAMOOOA. 

The Bev. H. B. Hosford reports, Juito 
15: 

I can hardly call what I intended to 
write, a report, as I know of nothing whJili 
I have done, or failed to do, while con- 
nected with the Commission, which eeema 
lu me U) be m nxL^ fb^c^l manner^ woith j 




t 



k 



I chose, therefore, to write of ttie lioapi- 
tdJs of Ctiattanooga themselvei^, ralher 
OiAn anytbiDg whicli 1 have done or &t* 
tempted to do in connection with them. 

The recent morements of the army and 
the hfttiles consequent therenpont have 
wrought great changes in the hospitals at 
ikis point. The General Hospital has been 
enlarged by means of tenta, near the hos- 
pitiil buildings erected, and left for our use 
by Gen. Bragg^ upon the crest of a hilU a 
few rods west of the railroad depot, and 
slao bj the establishment of General Hos- 
pital, Division No, 8, located upon a high 
liftnk of the Tennessee river, about three- 
fourths of a mile north of the city. The 
tinmber of patients in General Hoapital 
this morning was . 

A new hospital was also established upon 
Ijookottt Mountain, in which there are at 

the present time patients- Tlie Ofli* 

cer*s Hospital ha^ been removed from its 
former location in Chattanooga to Lookout 
Mountain, and has ^^ patients. The 
Field Hospital near the base of Lookout 
Monntain has been mnch enlarged, and 
otherwise improved in accommodations, 
but not increased to any considerable ex- 
tent in numbers, in consequence of the 
constant and large transfers made to Norlh* 
em Hospitals. It numbers . 

A new Field Hospital pertaining to the 
Army of the Tennessee, has been estab- 
lished and loeated about three quarters of 
m mile east of General Field Hospital. 
There are also several convalescent camps, 
oad hospitals connected with certain bri- 
giidea, or detachments from brigades on 
duty at this post. 

The daily changes made in transfers at 
flU of these hospitals have been great, for a 
week or two past, in consequence of almost 
eonstani arrivab and departures of trains 
of sick and wounded from the boat, or to 
the hospitals at the North, especially at 
KashviUe, AH, with few exeeptions, who 
are able to bear with safety the journey, 
we transferred, leaving the room aad cots 
which they occupied, for those who should 
the same day arrive from the field. Many 
of the latter remain here but for a day. 
Others are sent immediately to the conva- 
lescent camps, from which some of them, 
mr& tQ0u rMara&d to datf. 



The whole number now in hospital here 
and in the convalescent camps, is not far 

from , of which a very large propor- 

tion are ve|y slightly wounded, or lightly 
afiected by disease. Most, however, are in 
one way or another unfit for duty in the 
field J while many, vei-y many, are lying 
upou their low cots dreadfully mangled 
and maimed, or wa&ting undc^r the power 
of danger one or fatal diseaae; most of them 
manfully bearing their sufferings^ aa for 
their country^s sake^ or manifesting day by 
day, by their patient fortihade, as much 
true heroism as it is possible for any man 
to manifest in the fore-front of the battle. 
Their oheerful hope and uncomplaining 
fortitude, as well as the intense earnestness 
with which they inquire for any news from 
the front which may indicate the progress 
of our arms, or launch ^orth their hearty 
invectives upon the enemies of our coun- 
try, whether rebels in the field or aympa- 
thizera with them at home, show that the 
Boldters of the Northern Army are no mer- 
cenary horde, but are worthy of the proud 
position which they hold, not only aa sol- 
diers of the American Army, but as Ameri- 
ean citizens. After every battle they in- 
quire eagerly what part their own corps 
has taken in it, if any; who of their own 
regiment, company or comrades have been 
particularly heard from since. They talk 
with subdued voice of the number of w^oun- 
ded; they say little of the nnmbera killed, 
but the lines of their oountenanoes show 
that they are not forgetful 

*'0f tb« br*v« hfdirts thmt tmvet more AbiU bc«t, 
Tha ejflt Uut VDiile uo mox«. ihs unrctumins te/tiV* 

The location of the hospitals at Chattan- 
ooga could not in the main be better. 
Host of them are upon high ground, fann- 
ed by the breezes from the mountains, and 
commanding views of scenery , which both 
by their intrinsic beauty and by their pa- 
triotic associations can but be health -in- 
spiring to those who are able to look upon 
them from their narrow cots, or through 
the open door, or as with feeble and aided 
steps they take their seats upon the out* 
side, and gaze, aa they often do for hours 
in some cases, upon one of the most beau- 
tiful and otherwise interesting pictures 
ever spieaA o\x\. U> ^^isi vitNi q\ Tsia^a.. 

From almtj&t «i^&n ^^'^ ^ ^^iife>DS£L^^^asa» 



A 



520 



The Sanitary OammisBum BvHeUn. 



staDcls the General Hospital, and the same 
is tnie to a considerable extent of the other 
locations, there looms up in close proximi- 
ty ni)on the south the bold and rocky front 
of Lookout Mountain, presenting to the 
immediate view below the palisades the 
slopes oTer which Hooker's brave soldiers 
charged upon the enemy and drove them 
from their entrenchments. Immediately 
in the rear of the General Hospital, and 
distant but a few hundred yards, flows the 
Tennessee, and doubling back upon itself, 
at the north end of Lookout Mountain, 
and presenting, as in a picture, the whole 
scene of that wonderfully successful mid- 
night descent of the pontoon boats, with 
1,250 picked men, directly under the rebel 
batteries, to the place where the boats 
wore anchored, and our hosts went over to 
battle and to victory. All along in front 
stretches the ever-to-be-remembered Mis- 
sion or Missionary Bidge, presenting to 
the looker-on the scene of that noble dar- 
ing by which the rebels were finally driven 
from the strongholds of Chattanooga. The 
thoughts gliding at wiU over the ridge in a 
southeasterly direction from the hospital, 
dwell u]>on that plain of terrible interest to 
many a soldier, the field of Chickamauga. 

Immediately in front of the Hospital, 
and n<!ar the base of Mission Eidge, too 
n^mote to suggest by any object which can 
))(! seen, unpleasant or saddening associa- 
tions, and yet capable of being easily seen 
in its gracefid outlines, and contemplated 
by tlirmo who may find a solemn pleasure 
in doing so, stands the National Cemetery, 
wIkto thousands upon thousands are to lie 
in glorious dust. When ornamented by 
fill iluit American genius or patriotism can 
furnish, tlirough all coming time 

" TIh! heavens their dews shall ahed 
On the paMot martyr'n bed, 
And the rocka ahall nlae their head 
HlB deeda to tclL" 

The hospitals of Chattanooga are almost 
without exception under the control and 
direction of able surgeons, who have a 
true and hearty interest in the welfare 
of those who come under their charge. 
Especially is this the case with the General 
HospitaL No one can pass through its 
w/wds from day to day, beholding every- 
wJicre order, deanlineaB and quiet, and 



hearing from the lips of aiok and wounded 
men lying there frequent and heartfelt 
expressiona of gratitude for the kind atten- 
tion bestowed upon them, needs any other 
testimony to the skill and fidelity of the 
surgeon in charge, and of those whom he 
has associated with him. The supplies by 
the Government, supplemented daily in no 
small degree by the contributions of the 
Northern Aid Societies, are ample for all 
that medidne, food and clothing can do 
for the comfort and recovery of the sick 
and wounded soldier. The distribution of 
reading matter, both religious and secular^ 
in the hospitals is quite liberal, but prob- 
ably might be largely increased with ad- 
vantage among the convalescents. 

A better system, or rather some system of 
securing good nurses and cooks, and possi- 
bly some other attendants for the hospitals, 
other than that of depending upon detailed 
soldiers, seems to me to be the moat impor- 
tant thing wanting to make the hospitals at 
this point as nearly perfect as they can be. 
In regard to these there exists in almost 
all cases one or the other of two unhappy 
liabilities. Either the person detailed be- 
longs to the great class of shirks, and is 
therefore morally unfit for the position, or 
he may be ordered to duty in the field at a 
time when his services are most valuable 
and needed in hospital It has seemed to 
me worthy of consideration whether the 
expense of maintaining a small herd of 
cows, in connection with each hospital in 
a place like this, would not be abundantly 
and over and over again returned, in the 
healing and comfort which fresh milk 
would afibrd to the sick and wounded. 
There is, moreover, material enough daily 
wasted from hospitals — pieces of bread, 
vegetables, &c. — to furnish no inconsidera- 
ble portion of the keeping of cows. 

The hospitals are now receiving in quite 
large instalments dividends from the gar- 
dens. Fresh salad, peas, radishes, mus- 
tard and onions, are daily gathered and 
distributed among the hospitals, at present 
averaging about 400 bushels per day, much 
to the comfort and health of the men. In 
conclusion, I would say of my observation 
of the working of the Sanitary Commission 
at thift v^int during the last four months, 
^ baa \>e6ii on Wia ^^o\& \a ibx^ ^^^rh^ ifiand 



I mAMt 



k 



mMaiwctorj and ^atifjmg. I kiaow that 
great paina and indefatigiibie labor are be- 
wed by the agents hero to secure to the 
t extent possible the proper care and 
distribntion of the storea committed to 
their trust by the benevolent and patriotic 
iriendfl of the soldier at home. 

Whatever may in truth be said of waate 
and loss and misconduct of iu competent 
ami dishonest men, occagiooally in the em> 
ploj of the Commission, pertains ftHke, 
ihoTigh in many eases to a far greater de* 
gireei to all the operations of business con- 
nected with the army. The waste and loss 
whieh occur are in a great meastire abso- 
lutely unavoidable, and compared with the 
good a<3complifihed, not as much aa the 
light dust of the balance. 

Let carping phariseea cry, "Why was 
ii]] thia wast# made r ' It is enough for the 
liiendB of the Commission to know that 
the J hftTC wrought a good work, and that 
wherever the gospel of benevolence, patriot- 
iflm and humanity shall be spread through^ 
out the whole world, this which they have 
done shall be spoken of aa a memorial of 
ttiem. 

VEGBTABLB8. 

Mr- Seymour says, June 14: 

Since my last report I have spent most 
of my time at the front, witJi the army ad- 
Taming on Atlanta, until I was compelled 
to abimdon the tield on account of a f*evere 
attack of dyseEtery, from which I am now 
recovering. Before I left Kuoxville^ and 
Btnee, we issued vegetables quite liberally, 
not only to men in hospitals, but to those 
in the field. On the moving of the Army 
tram the Department of the Ohio to the 
Cumber land, under Gen. Sherman, we had 
just received from you a liberal supply of 
potatoes and kraut, and I succeeded in 
moing the Latter to the men before the 
annr left I was requested by Gen, Scho- 
field not to issue the potatoes, Jis the men 
wonld be on the move the next day, and 
would not have meaas of transportation. 
Oenerah Cox and Judah were very anxious 
that their men should have them, as they 
were suffering for want of vegetable diet/ 
They elated that at a certain day they 
Bhomd reach Charleston, about one hun- 
dred miles in advance, and hope<l I should 
be able to reach them there with the pota- 
toes^ when they would rest a day or two. 
At the proper time I succeeded in procur- 
ing from Gen, Schofield an order for cars 
to tl«nitport to Charleston one hundred 
iMimls of potatoes. I dispatched Hr. 
Orary in oharge of them; lie succeeded in 
imgtiBg^ CbAiieston jmt ^ the army ar- 



rived, and, I assure you, he and the pot^ 
toes met with a hearty reception. 

The troops remaining at Xnoxville, Lon^ 
don and Strawberry Plains, m also those in 
hospital, have been well supplied with 
vegetables, and the hospitab with fruit 
and other delicacieis. 

The garden of from seventy-five to a 
hundred acres, is progressing finely under 
the supervision of Mr. Culbcrtson, I left 
Mr, J. H. Milliken, a fitithful snd judicious 
maUf assisted by two detailed men« in^ 
charge of the store at KnoxviUe. Mr/ 
Crary is, for the present, at the front, ren- 
dering good assistance in that great field of 
labor in the Georgia campaign. 

I proceeded to the front and remained 
with the army, renderiug such assistaneo 
OS was in my power, untU after tlic battle 
of Besaca, when I wa-? severely attacked 
with dysentery. After contr«>UJng the die- 
ease for three days, I was reluctantly com- 
pelled to absjidon the field. I returned to 
Nashville, when I was confined for more 
than a week to my room, reeeiving from 
the members of the Commission there the 
most cordial sympathy and attention. I 
am happy to state that mj health is now 
rapidJy improving, 

I have deemed it not within my province 
to enter into details of the working of the 
Commission at the fronti it being in the 
department of Dr. Bead, from whom you 
will undoubtedly have full parti culare. 
Suffice it to say, that no intelligent and 
eanthd observer can sa^ otherwise than 
that the Sanitary Commission has been to 
that army everything that a reasonable 
person could expect There undoubtedly 
have been individual cases which the Com- 
mission htk» not reached. But that the 
great moss of our noble sick and wounded 
men have received bountifuUy of the muni- 
ficent gift of out generous people, no one 
can in justice deny, 

THi: lOSECIBSIPn, 

Mr, Way writes from Yicksbnrg May 30; 

Since the Bed River eicpedition return- 
ed we have issued vegetables to the whole 
command, at the rate of one barrel to sixty 
men ^ which took all we had on hand, Sinco 
then we have received 250 bbls, and 76 
sacks of i>otfttoea, 60 bbls, of pickles, mostly 
pickled potatoes, and 26 kega of assorted 
pickles, 

I have just received a recjuest from Sur- 
geon Lace, Surgeon -in-Chief at Natchez, 
for Sanitary Btorea, I immediately turned 
over to tlie Quartermaster ten eackw of po- 
tatoes, which held about a barrel each, and 
fifteen barrels of pioklcs, consigning them 
to the surgeon- in- chief. 

Yesterday's mail brought me a notifica- 
tion from Ml* HluptMOi cA \k^ i3tv\^\£iSJ^ ^nV 
20U bbls. and ^m ^^\a ol ^o\AvU>«t^^W>i«3ia^^_ 
and ^0 kega ol pvc¥ifes, <> \io^^ ^V ^%^&^%^ 



i 



522 



The Sanitary Cammtsaion BuHdm. 



boxes of sheets, 2 boxes of batter, 7 boxes 
of dried fmit, 7 boxes of horseradish, and 
1 keg of batter. All will oome in good 
time. 

I have issaed freelj of all the stores we 
had to the Red River expedition, as I 
thought the mon were very needy. I now 
have vegetables enough to make another 
issue to the troops here, and expect to do 
so, for they will keep bat a short time, it 
is so very warm. We are having much 
warmer weather than at this time last year. 

Summary of Shipment of Supplies Arom Chicago made 
June 10, 18M, to Qen. ShermAn's Army. 



4.580 Itm. handAge* and oom- 

prvssoB. 
6 hoA sai'lin. 
1*2 body wrappers. 
7i> Ciiin forts. 
422 \)rn. ilrawcra. 
67 dn>H>tinK RO^Tis. 
1155 L;ui<lk'fH aud towels. 
iCtii pails. 
2:)9 pillDWii. 
4U5 iiill'iw cases. 

Xii Hhct>t8. 

1.009 HhirtH. 

6'i pairH slippers. 

161 •• HOCkH. 

1 pa<.*ka^e pin cushions. 

1.04.) \hA. barIf>.T. 

45 IbN. com racaL 

473 lbs. I'oru staroh. 

550 IbN. farina. 

2,000 Ibfl. com ^ts. 

2.385 Ibit. dried fmit, asstd. 

735 Ibn. dried peaches. 

3.18H Ibri. dried apples. 

1.793 lbs. dried blackberries. 

1,028 IbH. prunoH. 

100 IbH. Uraarinds. 

6 ({allnuB plum butter. 

IM) cans oanniKl f^it. 

10 boxes lemons. 

120 IbH. cider jelly. 

3.754 IbH Boston crackers. 

n.aae ibs. soda ** 

1,731 buihels potatoes. 
1,175 galls, pickles. 



760 doz. eggs. 

1.687 lbs. butter. 

6 galls, horse radish. 

324 lbs. green tea. 

40 lbs. dried beef. 

10.000 lbs. codfish. 

944 lbs. crushed sugar, 

1,607 lbs. best brown i 

60 lbs. cheese. 

40 lbs. herbs. 

HO lbs. candles, 

15 lbs. soap. 

24 bots. spirits camphor. 

181 ** domestic wine. 

24 " bay rum. 

120 " raspberry vinegar. 

20 bbls. ale. 

SOhalfbbls. ale. 

324 bots. whiskey. 

124 •• catawba. 

2 washing machines. 

2 wringers. 

2L doz. tea spoons. 

2 cork screws. 

6 reams letter paper. 

5,000 envelopes. 

6 gross pens. 

1 gross pen holders. 

12 doz. fine combs. 

36 doz. coarse combs. 

6 doz. bottles ink. 

1 doz. Lanterns. 

1 doz. candlesticks. 

500 3 cent pristage stamps. 

120 cans cove oysters. 



RELIEF WORK AT PORT ROYAL. 

POBT BOTAL, Ya.. Jfay 28. 1864. 

Mr. Anderson reports: 
I hardly know when I wrote to yon last, 
what I said, what I did*nt say, or what re- 
mains to bo said; things have been in snch 
a brilliantly unsettled condition, expecta- 
tions of sudden movements have been so 
strong, and uncertainties have been so 
abounding, that we have had a grand com- 
bination of the perplexities of establishing 
a base, those of breaking up a base, and 
those of doubt as to whether we should do 
either. You can fancy how much time one 
would have to write, and, not having writ- 
t-en, how difficult it is to recall and system- 
atise the varied events and doubts of each 
day. Bloor and Dr. Harris would have 
posted you, up to their departure. Dr. 
Harris arrived from Fredericksburg, Tues- 
day noon, as did Gapt. Evans, in charge of 
Mr. Fay*8 Corps. They were a godsend, 
as the men whom I had organized under 
Mr Thompson, were worn down by twentj- 
four honra steady labor, in feeding tne 



wounded. Mr. Thompson's men were im- 
me^ately relieved; and nnoe then zegolar 
watches nave been kept 

Abont 4 P. Mm the Kent retomed with 
Dr. Dougks, Mr. Fay, and all the Freder- 
icksburg party, except Harris's train. 

We had long ana free interohmnges of 
news and plans; and, as I could not well 
change your instroctions, I retained the 
nominal charge of this as the water-base, 
but you must distinctly understand that 
whatever of suocess may attend oar more- 
ments and operations is to be, in the far 
larger degree, ascribed to the experience, 

skill and maturity of Dr. D and Mr. P. 

All the feeding department was assigned 
unreservedly to Mr. Fay, and Mr. Thomp- 
son was instructed to report to him. Dir. 
Douglas, with his thoroagh willingness, 
does everything in and out of his general 
line that he canbest do; and we hold connoQ 
of war unceasingly. All day Friday we fed 
and issaed supplies to the wounded with- 
out stint AU the departments have treat- 
ed us with a cordiality — and more than 
cordiality— a willing confidence and cheer, 
that makes one quite bnoyuit in approach- 
ing them, and working with them. Dr. 
Cuyler, Dr. Phillips, the representative of 
Dr. McParlan, at this post, and Dr. McKay, 
have been especially obliging; and Dr. 
Cuyler on findmg us so diligently at work, 
said to me to draw on him for any and 
everything. He lent as stoves, canldrons. 
&o., furnished beef stock, coffiae and 
milk, and facilitated our operations in all 
proper ways, giving os infonnation of the 
arrival of trains, Ac., freelv and promptly. 

The journals have been kept np, and 
when there is time we will return to yoa 
full account of the feeding and burial de- 
partments — and indeed of alL I have no 
idea how many meals were given; buteveiy 
wounded man, officers of trains, teamsters, 
in fact the army generally patronized us. 
The Commissary's small issuing boat, was 
not issuing for the first day or two, and in 
addition to supplying some of the quartei>- 
master's and other messes, we had Uterally 
to take care of hundreds. ^1^^. ve^® 
brethen of our common cause in distress, 
and I treated them accordingly, as far as 
our supplies would permit On the even- 
ing of Friday, the tug Oartin arrived with 
the Kennedy, and shortly after the Hobo- 
ken loomed up through the air. All appre- 
hension of running short was removea — 
and except fears for Harris's safety, were in 
good position, and the same evening 
brought Mr. BricKS, and Dr. McMartee, of 
California — ^the former of whom I knew 

well in that State. 

« « « • 

I also took them up to the feeding staftioii 
i w\ieT«a\x^-%3BX^iLca»]ldx<ms^ one stove and 



2^^ SanUary Commiasum BtiSeim* 



523 



ITBUl 



coffee, tea, farina^ potk, ko.; nome of tlie 
caiildrous had beeu filled four times that 
forenoon. Tbree times icoiild. perhaps, be 
ma average— ^\iug 1,080 gallons of edibles. 
A train liaTing arrived— at l>r. Douglas's 
request, I got it a good camp ground, and 
then a large party of lis fed the wounded — 
am- Calif omiaus seeing and doiDg regular 
work It WHS 3 A. M, before we got done. 
Saturday was spent in gettiDg everything 
ready for the moTement. Stfi. Pay took 
charge of his establishment, also of deter* 
miniiig whom we should take and who not. 
# » « * 

We are anchored at the month, and hope 
to atart for Yorktown at 1 A. M. Onght to 
reach White House or the new base by i 
P. M,, Mondfty. Ton can rely ujK>n our 
being m JimoEg the ^nd. Did I tell you 
that Harris arrived last night with all hi« 
train safe and sound. He was veiy tired, 
' had had a hard time. He rests to-day, 
leaves to-morrow with the trains for 
ite Houae, under escort of 2,000 or 3,000 
strong. 

» * » « 

He has just brought in twenty-eight 
wagons loaded with stores, worth many 
thousand!! of doUars, and that, too, from a 
difficult region. Thoae that know his pre- 
Tions history, very well know that not 
onoe nor twice, but many times, he has 
risen superior to the emergenoy, and got- 
tea supplies through, under great hazard. 

THE AEMY SDEGEONS. 

The stroDg testimony borne to the char- 
iietar and qu£di£cations of the Army Snr- 
geoiui, by Mr. Bloor, in the admirable 
letters which we pnbliah on another page, 
reminds us how strong and widely diffused 
is the prejudice against them. We have 
left nothing in our power undone to refute 
it, by the diffusion of the strong testimony 
on the other side which daily reaches us 
from onx agents. And^ in view of the tre- 
mendona responsibilities which are at this 
moment pressing upon the Army Surgeons, 
we thinJc it may not be amiss to take this 
opporttmity of republishing what one of 
their number, Surgeon Beach, of the iOth 
Begiment Ohio Volonteers, said on their 
behalf, before the Medici Society of Gen- 
eral Gr anger *s Arroyi nearly a year ago. 

The character of army surgeons has been 
ao misrepresented, ana so misunderstood 
by the public, away from the scene of their 
labors, that a word from one of their num- 
ber may be considered an apology for their 
shortcomings; but, notwithstanding this, I 
imposie brieJJj to i^et^h their character as 
tih tmderstood, and as ii is. 



No reader of the Northern daily papers 
during the last year can be ignorant of the 
opinion generally entertained of army sur- 
geons, and of the management of the med- 
ical department of the army. Inefficiency, 
gross carelessness, heartlessness and dissi- 
pation are intimately aasociated in the 
minds of the Northern public with the 
medical officers of the army; Doabtlesa 
each surgeon has a circle of friends who 
exonerate him from these charges; but, as 
a body, this is the character attached to ua 
by our Northern friends. 

It may not he uninteresting to inquire, 
for a moment, what causes have led to this 
st4ite of public opinion. First among the 
causes we will place the fact that in our 
vast armies large numbers die from dis- 
ease. The pubhc knows that four thou- 
sand of our soldiers ore buried at Nash- 
ville; that ten thousand have foimd a tinal 
resting-place on the banks of the Missis- 
sippi; that twenty thousand more have 
sickened and died in our armies in Virginia; 
and at eveiy place occupied by our troope 
the green hillock and narrow board alone 
tell ol some friend who went out from the 
home circle but recently. Without kuow- 
iug, or without stopping to consider, if the 
ratio of deaths be less or greater in our ar- 
mies than in others^ tliis large mortality is 
associated in the minds of the pubhc with 
want of capivcity, or want of attention on 
the part of surgeons. 

Another fact is, individual cases in which 
there has been apparent neglect, and which 
from want of proper explanatioii Jire given 
as positive evidence of the heartlesaness of 
our profession. As an example, an inti- 
mate friend of mine waa wounded at Rich- 
mond, Ky., and died in hospital at Dan- 
ville. *^ He died alone at night." I knew 
nothing of the circumstances attending his 
death, only that somebody wrote to his 
wife that the nurses found him dead in his 
bed, and nothing can ever eradicate from 
her mind the belief that he was tiitally 
neglected, and that the surgeons and hos- 
pital attendants were brtites. A case came 
under my own observation a few weeks 
since which, if reported without explana- 
tion, woidd cause the same feelings in the 
minds of friends as did the case aboyo 
mentioned. Stopping temporarily at a 
large hospitjd in Kentucky, the surgeon 
invited me, late at night, to see two eases 
with him, both of whom were in u critical 
condition. We entered the ward, and 
stopped at the bed-side of patient No. 1. 
An examination and the opening of a large 
abscess probably occupied live minutes, 
and during those five minutes the only two 
nurses on duty at that time were rec^uired 
in attendance oici t\ie. wxt^^qi^, \i3i^sifc^* 
ately alter tti^ ope^al\^u,^\iSX!fe >iX\^ wNi^^e:^ 



524 



The Sanitary Oammimon BuBeUn. 



hands, I walked leisurely around the room, 
and stopped at the bed-side of patient No. 
2. The man was dead. He had died 
'* alone and at night." 

In tiddition to these and similar eases, 
distorted facts, are the monstrous fabrica- 
tions of the new^spaper correspondents, 
which, more than all other causes combin- 
ed, contribute to the character we sustain 
at home. It is but charitable to suppose 
that these gentlemen have some founda- 
tion in fact for their statements. It is 
scarcely credible that they would deliber- 
ately manufacture sensational letters of 
this kind, unless they had a crain of truth 
to fall back upon. Wo take it for granted, 
then, that they do not willfully tnfle with 
a subject so intimately mixed with all the 
finer feelings of our nature, but that they 
take one ca.se as a type of the whole. 
Adopt this rule, and how easily may injus- 
tice be done to our profession. 

I remember distinctly tiie impression 
made in a community where I resided, a 
year since, by the statement of a Cairo let- 
ter-writer. The letter was a scathing arti- 
cle on the surgeons and the bad manage- 
ment of the hospitals at some point in the 
West; and among other statements that 
left the reader to dream of untold horrors, 
was one that a "patient in the last agony 
called the surgeon to him, raised himself 
in bed, struck the surgeon with all his 
force, and with a smile of content upon his 
face sank back and died." This was given 
as evidence of the feeling engendered by 
the brutality of surgeons. Now, suppos- 
ing this incident really occurred, whicn is 
not at all probable, is it just that the aot 
of a delirious man should be cited as an 
index of the feelings generally entertained 
by the patients in our hospitals toward 
their surgeons ? 

Another cause of this misunderstanding 
of our true character is found in the letters 
home of a certain class of patients, both in 
ho8i)itals and out. They are chronic grum- 
blers; disappointed applicants for a dis- 
charge or furlough; men who see only the 
surgeon between them and the accomplish- 
ment of their ends. I have very frequently 
been approached by this class of soldiers, 
and been told that their "doctors" paid 
no attention to the sick men; that "they 
would see a sick man die rather than to 
discharge him, or let him go home on a 
siek furlough." How much weight should 
be given such testimony ? 

And again: People of the North think 
they have the evidence of their own senses, 
and that they cannot be mistdLen in the 
fact that army surgeons are careless, indif- 
ferent and heartless. A great many visit 
our large general hospitals, and of course 
find their sick friends very differently 
Bitmited from what they would be at home. 
Thej find ihem in laige wards, oontaining 



perhaps one hundred paiieiits. Of this 
number, some are reamng, some writing, * 
others engaged in cheerful oonTersation; 
while, perhaps, the friend so anxiously 
sought for is dying. The whole scene is so 
different from anyuiing th^ ever associated 
with the sick chamber, that they go away 
with painful impressions. Snch, doubt- 
less, would be the feeling of many upon 
visiting our elegant hospitals in Kaahvule; 
and how much more would their sensibili- 
ties be shocked could they visit some regi- 
mental hospitals, fsr awav from sanitiay 
supplies, and where the hospital sapplieB 
of bedding, etc, were insn£Qoient for the 
proper accommodation of the sick. They 
would find them in rude bunks filled wita 
straw, their bedding, their blankete, and 
with their knapsacks for their piUowSi 
They would forget that the sibk had the 
benefit of pure air, attentive nurses, and 
the best food that could be procored for 
them; they would forget that the sick them- - 
selves were contented; and would go awaj 
with the impression that this was nomUe 
treatment of sick men, and that the sorgeon 
in some way was responsible for it. 

Such, gentlemen, I imagine, axe some of 
the causes giving rise to &e not very envi- 
able reputation we sustain at home. 

Before defining what I take to be the 
real character of army surgeons, we will 
inquire what character they might, a priori^ 
be expected to sustain. In Ohio, and I 
believe in nearly all of the States, no phy- 
sician can receive a commission as surgeon 
until he has passed a satisfactory examina- 
tion by a competent board. To be admitted 
to this examination, the applicant must not 
only have graduate in medicine, but he 
must bring certificates that he has sus- 
tained himself creditably for a certain num- 
ber of years as a practitioner, and that he 
is of good moral character. These condi- 
tions, if observed— and 1 believe they are, 
as a rule — offer almost perfect security to 
the public that no considerable number of 
army surgeons enter the service inefficieiit 
or dissipated. Ought we not to expect 
from a body of men who enter the army 
only on the presumption that they are A 
liberal education, skill in their profession, 
and of good moral standing in the commu- 
nities in which they have lived, using in- 
dustry and a conscientious attention to the 
responsible duties assigned them? Most 
assuredly: and such, I am convinced, is the 
character we sustain with those acquainted 
with all the facts connected with our i>osi- 
tion in the army. 

My own term of service in the army ex- 
tends through the past year. During that 
time I have been associated with the medi- 
cal officers of the troops in Eastern Ken- 
tucky, those collected at Oallipolis, Ohio^ 
last September, and more recently in Ten- 
nessee. And among them all I nave met 




The Samiary Cammissicn BvJMin, 



525 



with Imt one dninken surgeon » and but few 
who were not niakiDg use of all the means 

their power to preyent dineftwt; and re- 

re healtU. I Iiave visited many hospi- 
where there wa.i a laok of many things 
for the comfort of the sick, hut none where 
t^ surgeons were ooraless or unkind. 

I oonfeos, gentlemen, that when ordered 
to thiB department I expected to find disor- 
der and confusion — ^not from want of ca- 
pftcity or honesty on the part of stirgeons, 
tint IM m neeeasarj feature of a large armj. 
I eK|>ected to find some gronnds for the 
olamor against army aurgeonB in the want 
0f accommodations for thi^ large number of 
rack in the Armj of the Cumberland. But 
in thif* I was disappointed. Ins toad of find- 
ing crowded and poorly furnished hospi- 
tala in Nashville, I found them arranged 
on the most magTiific'3nt acide, fitted up 
with every comfort, and in a style that la 
thought Insurious hy soldierB acenstomed 
to camp life. During a stay of aomc dava 
in Naahville I visited many of the hospitals, 
and for my own satisfaction inquired of the 
many aeqnaintances I found there among 
the p&tienia how they were treatetl; 
and urn answer invariablr was^ ** We are 
treated well; surgeona and unrgea ai« very 
attentive/' 

Another grave charge against the surgeon 
is, the using for his own comfort and to 
gratify his own appetite the delicacies, etc., 
inmished by frienda at home to the sick 
soldier! This charge is as void of founda- 
Mon in tm^i as the charge of drunkenness 
and brutality^ and arises from a want of 
dOtt^ct knowledge of the manner such 
thmgB are distributed to the sick. Through 
the agency of the Sanitary Commission 
these things* are dietrtbuted to the vjirious 
general and regimental hospitals, where 
they are served out to the men aa the jndg* 
menl of the surgeon would direct; the men 
ixmsnine them without knowing where 
th*>y come from. In after correspondence 
with their frienda the soldier is aaked. * * Did 
jou get the box of '' something? The an- 
wwer ia **Ho'* — when the fa^t is, he had 
consumed it, if it was of suitable nature for 
him in his condition: and if not, he had 
n«ed of BOme other sohUers* delicacies, 
while they had used his. All the potatoes, 
ouioDs, dried applies, ete., used in this 
gjraat army at this time, are not from the 
qaartermaater, but from the Sanitary Com- 
misaion, which ia to the ^ick sol ill lt as the 
good S&maritan to ^' bim who fell among 
thieves." 

The duties of the army surgeon are so 
many and various that it is impossible to 
more than mention them here. The sur* 
gecm who on! J attends to the sick asd 
wounded of his command, and thinka he 
haa done hia whole duty, has a very imper^ 
feet kiiowledge of his obligations. 

The first and most important duty of the 



surgeon is, to prevent disease ; curing it ia 
a Bccondary matter. The surgtton who pre- 
vents disease by a careful study of the 
cauaea operating to produce it, and who 
take^ sU^ps to remove these influeneeSi is 
much more deserving of credit than he who 
thinks only of curing. In the discharge of 
thia duty it often becomes neceasary to 
change the locality of the camp, to make 
eha,nges in the cooking and habits of the 
men, to enforce what eeems to them a rigid 
system of cleanliness of their persons, the 
tents and entire camp— and in doing these 
things we are frequently brought into un- 
pleaaant colliaiou with our oMcers. It is 
not every military eommander that under- 
stands the laws of hygiene, or who has the . 
leisure or incHnation to study them verr 
carefully; and the number ia equally amaU 
who do not regard those surgeons who are 
always making changes and auggeatioilS 
troublesome at least. Doubtless every aui- 
geon present has at some time in hia expe^ 
rienee met with opposition from his com- 
manding officeTj or at leaat had his sug- 
gest ions treated with an indiflereuce almost 
insnlting to himself, I acknowledge that 
I do not know exactly where our authority 
stops, or rather begins, iu this matter; but 
I think I know what our duty is — and that 
is, never to yield a point that involves the 
health of the men under onr charge. 

One word as to our duty to the men 
themselves, and I am done. There is muek 
in our daily routine of duties, and in our 
relative position to the men, calculated to 
make ua abrupt in our treatment of them, 
unlaaft we guard against it. We should 
treat a aiok aoldier with the same courtesy, 
and give the same attention to his com- 
plain ta, that we would to a sick citizen. In 
the daily examination of three or four score 
of men we meet with a few humbuga^men 
who are trying to avoid duty by getting on 
the sick hst These old soldiers may be dis- 
missed in a manner tlie circumstances may 
seem to require. But the soldier who is sick, 
or who thinks he is, is desemng of a care- 
ful examination that will allow us to pre- 
scribe understandingly, and not that hasty 
diaposal of the case that I know I am some- 
times guilty of myself, and which must be 
bitterly felt by a patient whoa© feelings are 
at all sensitive. 



HOSPirAL CLOTHDCO, 

Cbrrcdion. —In the pattern for FhxtmA Shki in 
Ho. IS of the BuLj^TiN, Lha slope for the neck 
in " Hair of Back '' should be vtit hidh instead 
of ihftt inditSi aa given. 

The drawing of tbe diagram for ** Half of 
Sleeve *' ia erroneous as regards the slope at the 
top of sleeve. The dimmsktTiS as giten, are, 
however, conect Also, this sleeve should be 
faoed at the wrist withjfcrnn^f instead of aileaia. 
In cutting sleevea, put the \«TLst of one ngainal 
the wrist of anotberi and the lon^ tcianiq^j&aa. 



526 



The Sanitary Cammiaaion Bulletin. 



piece of flannel left at the dde will cot a collar, 
wrist facings, by joining in the middle, can be 
cnt ofif the pieces cnt ont of the front of the shirt 
in arm size. 



SCENES IN FREDERICKSBURG. 

Fbidat. May 20. 186i. 

Beak Mrs. You have, I suppose, by 

this time, received the duplicate of a letter 
I wrote some days ago to one of the Com- 
mission's supply correspondents, giving 
an account of a trip I had just made to 
Belle Plain, with reference to the relief 
work of tlie Commission in the fiold. 

I left Washington again on Tuesday 
morning, and getting to Belle Plain in 
oomi^any with Mrs. Gibbons, (of army hos- 
pital fame,) and of Rev. Mr. Channing, of 
Washington, and others; and there, in 
their company, feeding and ministering 
to the ghastly crowds that were lifted out 
of the constantly-arriving ambulance trains 
into the boats assigned to convey them to 
the hospitals in Washington, I pa.ssed to 
the hospital tents "on the hill'* — a little 
way from the dock — two long parallel rows 
of them, commencing on the side with the 
kitchen and feeding lodge of the Commis- 
sion, whence they were without trouble 
constantly supplied with hot coffee and 
beef tea, iced water and lemonade, milk 
punch, wines and stimulants, farina, and 
whatever else in the way of prepared sus- 
tenance was needed. Bedding, clothing, 
sponges, towelling, bandages, lint, uten- 
sils of all kinds and whatever else is re- 
quired in a sick tent, were bountifully dis- 
pensed by Mr. Kuapp — of long exi)eri- 
onco in the Peninsular campaign and 
elsewhere in similar work — and his assist- 
ants, from the store barge, a few yards off, 
alongside the dock — which barge is con- 
tinually replenished by steamers from 
Washington to the amount of some lifty tons 
a day. The steamer on which our people 
princii)ally relied during the Peninsular 
cami>aign, (the Elizabeth,) has become a 
household word among sanitarians, and I 
may therefore mention that, (true to all 
the experience of the Commission,) whether 
as regards the intelligent collectors and for- 
warders, or the inanimate vehicles of sup- 
plies, that the feminine element is their 
m/u'n support ? The name of our ne^ boat 
is tho Mary 8. Bapley. 



It was an hour or two after midnight be- 
fore I had gone the rounds of the hospitala, 
and then I had the satiBfaction of seeing 
most of the inmates comfortably sleeping- 
after the refreshment of having their hanger 
and their thirst assuaged, their wounds 
dressed, and above all, perhaps, the cessation 
from their horrible journey over the ratty 
hills, and interlying quagmires between the 
battle-fields and their present place of rest. 
By six o'clock the next morning, (after i 
night mainly occupied, so far as I was con- 
cerned, in strenuous efforts to go to sleep 
in the midst of the hnbbnb, and in inTolon- 
tary listening to the extraordinary remarks 
of the contrabands, who kept up a constant 
stream of boxes, barrels, conversation and 
guffaws past the place where I lay on deck,) 
we began the journey to Fredericksbnrg oor- 
selves in empty returning ambulances, and 
as the hours and our bruises increased ws 
had an opportunity of testing the probable 
feelings of wounded men undergoing such 
an ordeal. But the fault is in the roads, 
not the vehicles. I think the four-wheeled 
ambulances as good a compromise as pos- 
sible between the conditions desirable for 
wounded men, and the impossibility of 
using lightcr-springed wagons over army 
roads. 

Arriving at Fredericksburg in the middle 
of the day, we found it one vast hospital 
Its principal street is some mile or more in 
length, with several parallel and a number 
of cross streets, and nine out of ten of the 
houses and shops, and all the churches and 
public buildings that are not demolished by 
shell or ridiUed by bullets, are filled with 
woundeil men. Even the store occupied 
by the * * Embalmers of the dead, " has many 
living subjects among the dead ones; 
though accustomed as they are to death on 
every side, the patients do not consider the 
proximity in such an unfavorable light as 
civilians would. A few doors from the 
house in which Washing^n's early days 
were passed, (and the garden of which was, 
I presume, the scene of the cutting of the 
fruit-tree by his juvenile hatchet,) Dr. 
Douglas, Chief of Inspection of the Com- 
mission, and the volunteer ladies and gen- 
tlemen who so zealously assist in the good 
^ork, have their quarters, and thither on 
\ t\xe d&7 \ *««& V\i<^T^« tkTsun^Mc of patiientSt 



The Sanitary Oommisaion BvUetin. 



52T 



reqniring the constant snperyision of some 
of them had been removed. Through the 
open windows of the rear rooms float the 
odors of the flowers of early summer to the 
patients within, and those whose cool pal- 
lets are in the wide hall, with its old-fashion- 
ed panelling of wood meeting the wooden- 
Uaok comioe of the ceiling,look out through 
the open back-door upon a wilderness of 
roses— a large basket full of which has just 
been distributed to the poor fellows 
throughout the town — most of them grasp- 
ing at them more eagerly than at the milk- 
ponoh — ^by one of the kind hearted gentle- 
men of our party. If their time were not 
80 much more valuable by the side of the 
impromptu cooking affairs and couches 
they have evoked from chaos, the roses 
dionld of course have been presented by 
the ladies — ^but at all events, they came 
originally from a lady: not one of *< our" 
women, but the owner of the house — ^a 
widowed gentlewoman, who sighs that such 
evil days should have fallen on the close 
of her eighty years' pilgrimage— and, like 
Washington's mother, thinks that it may, 
perhaps, be a good thing to be a great gen- 
eral, but that for her part she thinks that 
Lee and Grant had both much better be at 
home attending to their forms than engaged 
in such dreadful doings. The North and 
South have lived in peace all these years, 
sad why can't they continue to do so? 
What dreadful things she could tell me of 
the division of families caused by this 
wicked war. So and So has two sons in 
the Confederate army and two in the Fed- 
eraL Such a happy family they were once, 
and now trying to take each other's life; 
sad for her part she had been stripped of 
almost every thing. The houses and stores 
in the town from which she derived her in- 
come, have been destroyed, or are appro- 
priated to their own uses, without payment, 
now by one army and now by the other. I 
heaid similar talk in Culpepper while our 
srmy held it, and one hears it every where 
throughout the border States; aud it is 
only here that the full horrors of this cruel 
war oan be appreciated. It is impossible — 
4M I think it would be unnatural — for the 
majority of the old people either North or 
8oafh« to take the partizan view which is 
f , for the purposes of Providence, 



taken by the young and middle-aged in the 
two contending sections. 

Bound the comer from the poor old la- 
dy's house is the store-house of the Com- 
mission, besieged every day on the arrival 
of our wagon loads of supplies — generally 
some twenty — from the base, with such 
crowds as compel an officer of the Commis- 
sion to enter by the back way, if he wants 
to get in without waiting for an hour or 
two. Next door to this is a large store 
used as a hospital by one of our volunteer 
ladies; and at the back of both, conven- 
iently accessible to both supplies and pa- 
tients, is the tent she uses as a cook-house. 
A door or two off is a shop used as an office 
by the Belief Force, of which there are at 
present distributed throughout the army 
of the Potomac some two hundred mem- 
bers, under the superintendence of Mr. Fay, 
of Massachusetts, a volunteer throughout 
the war in such work. Several other la- 
dies and a number of physicians from civil 
life have charge of hospitals in different 
parts of the town under the auspices of the 
Commission; and the Belief Agents zeal- 
ously assist them in their labors, which are 
herculean, as each fresh train of ambulan- 
ces arrives from the field, aud in those hos- 
pitals where the Government supply of sur- 
geons is generally equal to the demand on 
their skill, they still continue such minis- 
trations as may be carried on without med- 
ical co-operation, and these are many. 

We are in one of the church hospitals, 
we will suppose. The pews are set two to- 
gether, and the backs taken off when ne- 
cessary, to form couches for the patients. 
The vestry is turned into an oi)erating 
room. In one comer of the church is a 
good woman who bos not quitted the half- 
delirious patient whose brow she is bath- 
ing with bay water for one hour in the last 
twenty. The altar is put to one side, and 
in its place two pews cradle a young boy 
who does not seem to be over fifteen years 
old. He was brought in it was supposed 
in a dying condition; but the good Samar- 
itan who is just directing to the far West a 
letter he has written to the boy's mother 
at his dictation, has, with his good things 
and better words, brought such a light into 
the boy's eyes that he expresses the utmost 
confidence that he will be able to wriia tA 



ri28 



The Saniiary CcmmiaBum B^HMtu 



hin xnotber himself the next day, and tell 
lic-r that he is safe from the effects of this 
wound, iind ask her to praj that he may 
bo spjirfd ill future battles, and rejoin her 
and liiH HistcTs and brothers in their happy 
Wisconsin home "when his time is out" 

Further down the town and not far from 
the unfinished tomb of Washington's 
mother, standing ostensibly as a monument 
to her worth, but practically as a monu- 
ment to tlie genius of the universal Yankee 
nation for chipping and whittling, is a large 
old-fashioned mansion, rich in pannelled 
wainacoating, carved wooden chimneys, 
plaster arabesque ceilings and tablets, and 
land.scaped wall paper; and in one of its 
rooms lies a gray-haired man, looking 
dreamily out through the open window by 
which his pallet is set, on a beautiful lawn 
thickly shaded with fine old trees, which 
slopij down to the swampy meadow and 
hfiights beyond, which drank up so much 
pr(;ci(ju8 f)lood in the terrible charge of De- 
<jf;mb<r, 1H(52. Perhaps the fair scene be- 
fore liim is like that on which he has so 
often lof)ked from the porch of his quiet 
IjouHij in his far off little Vermont farm. 
JJiit li(; will never look on it again— at least, 
with his earthly eyes. He will never again 
look at tliii rifring of the sun, which is now 
with its si'tting beams gilding the tree-tops 
and fulling through them, checkered with 
wiivi iifr Hlijidr)ws on the lawn beneath. The 
Wiiiind from which most of his life blood 
liJis llow(id, has left him white and weak, 
but it docs not pain him: so he looks qiii- 
<:tly round, thanking one for having writ- 
t*-n his last letter to his "folks;" another 
f<jr shading his eyes from the sun with the 
fan which, until complaining of the cold 
crcf'j)ing over him has been used to cool 
him; and another for offering the further 
assistance which he does not need. Ho is 
only a sergeant, but " had as lief be a pri- 
vate in such a cause." He was a deacon in 
his town, and " done the biggest part in 
getting up a company " from it, the cap- 
taincy of which was offered him; but he 
thought he hadn't " edication " enough to 
do the "writin* part of the business," and 
declined. But, thank God, he had " edi- 
cated " his sons, and one of them who had 
entered the company with himself had been 
jn'omotedy grade after grade, from the cor- 



IK>»lahip to the captaincy. His wife had 
disBoaded him from ** jining " the army afe 
that time— bat after the Peninsalar cam- 
paign, " he oonldn't stand it no longer — 
had helped to get np another regiment in 
his township, and now here he was. WeU, 
he was satisfied he was in the Lord's haadi» 
and he would die in the faith that the Lord 
would stand by the Union and the stars and 
stripes to the end. He hadn't a sjieck of 
doubt about it." He'd like to know if hia 
son, the Captain, whose regiment had been 
in the fight with his own, was still nlive^ 
but he couldn't find out; and he would gite 
all he was worth to see his wife and daugh- 
ter once more; but he had always told them 
to prepare for this, and hoped the Lord 
would give them strength to bear the news. 

I had intended to tell you of many other 
incidents which would interest you, bat 
time fails. A maO carrier is about to take 
his chance of rebel scouts and guerrillas,and 
this will go with him. If you get it, I will 
ask you to return me a copy when I let you 
know that I have got back to Washington. 

I left Fredericksburg yesterday morning 
by daybreak, and am now seated a few rods 
from the head-quarters of Qrant and 
Meade, in front of the tent of a hospitable 
young officer from your city. At this time 
yesterday, the woods around reverberated 
with the cannonading and musketry of the 
fight on the right of our line, between 
Gen. Tyler's Division and the enemy, and 
to-day, the surgeons have been busy with 
several hundred wounded men. Another 
letter, either to yourself, or in copy, when 
I get back to Washington, will tell you 
something more of what I have seen. 

In BlTOUAC, KKAB TBI XOSTB AlRA RZTXft, Va., 1 

if^ 94,1064. I 

My last letter gave an account of the way 
in which I '' assisted," as the French would 
say, at the fight between the forces of €^en. 
Warren, of the 5th corps, vnth the help of 
part of the 6th, and the rebel Gen. HrD, 
on the evening of yesterday, the 23d inst. 
After our day-break breakfast the next 
morning I made my way to the hospitals^ 
which had been established while the en- 
gagement was going on in an open grassy 
space, interspersed with bushes and young 
trees, and skirting the road which oroa wd 
the North Anna River about a mile and a 



Tht Sanitary Comrnisaicn BttOeHn. 



529 



quarter (I should think) ahead. They con- 
dated of a number of good-sized tents, 
spread with pine boughs, and scattered 
about the grounds were the operating ta- 
bles, portable dispensaries, &c. I met a 
number of the wounded men I had helped 
•long the night before, and was glad to 
hear many of them express their apprecia- 
tion of the kindness and care with which 
they had been attended to by the surgeons. 
These latter had been up all night, but 
there was as yet no relaxation to their la- 
bors, for the ambulances were still coming 
in with the wounded. I do not know that 
I shall have a better opportunity than the 
present, and I desire therefore to record 
here my conviction, in opposition I think 
to the general impression in the commu- 
nity, and particularly to the female portion 
of it, that there is nowhere to be found a 
body of men, who, as a class, are more un- 
tiring, devoted and self-sacrificing in the 
discharge of duties — the most responsible, 
exacting and exhausting — than army sur- 
geons. There are exceptions, too many of 
which I have encountered in an official in- 
tercourse with them of three years stand- 
ing; but during that time my estimate of 
them as a body has steadily increased, and 
this my last experience with them in the 
field has confirmed and heightened all my 
previous good impressions. I take pleas- 
ure as a nou- medical man, in expressing 
emphatically my opinion as to the high 
standard of mental and moral qualities 
they apply to their professional duties — 
(without being competcDt to judge of their 
professional qualities pure and simple) — 
the more so because my official correspon- 
dence has shown me how much they have 
been suspected and undervalued by the 
home-stayiug community — while in gene- 
ral culture they compare most favorably 
with any class of officers in the army. 

Thanks to the untiring zeal of the sur- 
geons and their assistants, and to their be- 
ing well stocked in the field with Govern- 
mental medical supplies, those of the pa- 
tients who had been already operated upon 
were lying on the fresh, soft fragrant pine 
bonghs, with which the tents were thickly 
strewn, in a condition of tolerable comfort 
—those at least whose wounds admit of 
sny comfort, and fortunately, where well 

You L— No. 17. U 



cared for, these are the majority. Well 
washed, and dressed in clean shirt and 
drawers — every one marked with the **U. 
S. Sanitary Commission '' stamp3, for the 
lack of these was one of the gaps we had 
bridged over — and many of them enjoying 
their pipes or cigars, and chatting over 
their experience in the "imminent deadly 
breach " of the evening before— the scene 
of the whole, however terrible, was not al- 
together unrelieved in parts. It is amus- 
ing to see the affection they bear for their 
pipes. One man I saw seriously wounded 
in most of his limbs, lifted out of one of 
the ambulances that had just arrived. His 
first thought was for his pipe, but he had 
no hand in which to carry it, so he desired 
it to be put in his mouth, and carrying it 
between his lips was himself borne to the 
operating table. 

One young lad I found reading a hymn 
book, which he said had probably saved his 
life the night before. It was in his waist- 
coat pocket during the engagement, and a 
mini^ ball, which would otherwise have 
gone into his breast, had glanced against 
its cover and fallen to the bottom of his 
pocket. He showed me the ball with much 
satisfaction, and told me he hoped he 
should live to get back to Wisconsin and 
show it to his mother, who had given him 
' the hymn book. He had, however, a few. 
minutes before been shot in the leg. A. 
man lying with one of his arms off next the. 
narrator, was very anxious that I should, 
provide him also with a hymn book, but 
whether he was influenced most by pity or 
by prudence, I shall not pretend to say. 
There was one young fellow from your sec- 
tion of country — though I cannot recall, 
the name of the town or village he men- 
tioned — he was severely but not painfully 
wounded, who seeing some clean linen rag. 
which one of the doctors had left on the 
ground a little distance off, asked me to 
tear him off a piece that would servo him 
as a pocket handkerchief. Thinking the 
surgeon might have set apart the linen for 
some 8pecial purpose, and preferring in. 
any case to give him a bona fide handker- 
chief, if I had one left, I felt in my pocket 
and there at its bottom was the List of my. 
small store. It was rather a nice afiair^ 
the cambrio not of the finest, bat with. 



680 



The Sanitary Commission BuHdin. 



quite a stylish border round its edge, and 
ho pronounced it ** bully " as I handed it 
to liini. The outside fold had, as usual, 
the Commission's stamp, but it soon ap- 
peared that there was still another mark 
on it, fi»r ho had scarcely unfolded it, and 
held it out for an admiring inspection, be- 
fore he uttered quite a shriek of delight, 
and a.sked me if I knew his folks at home, 
and if they had given me the handkerchief 
to hniid to him. It appeared that besides 
our mark, there was worked in thread 
the name of a relief society in his native 
place, and he gave sundrj' reasons for his 
positive assertion that the marking must 
have been done by none other than his lit- 
tle sister Lizzie. Without perhaps fully 
appreciating his arguments, I saw no good 
reason for disturbing his impression, and 
left him quite happy in its indulgence. 

I*as.siug from one tent to another, I found 
a Chaplain standing by two stretchers, the 
occupant of each lying, with stiff out- 
stretelied limbs, and the quiet upturned 
face ciwered with the blanket, which was 
now to serve as a winding sheet. Another 
Chaplain appeared in a moment, with two 
men bt^aring another stretcher, the coq)se 
covert il with the old grey overcoat which 
had shielded him from so many storms, 
and served him so often for blanket or pil- 
low. The bearers pick up the stretcher, 
and tlu\v, the two Chaplains, and mystlf, 
are all that follow the warriors to their 
grave. A ft^w paces off, in a little space 
between twi> clumps of bushes and sap- 
linj^s. the wide grave is being dug— there 
is but one for the three comrades in battle 
and ileath by the three nit^n. who take 
their turn in digging and resting beneath 
tlu» burning rays of the unclouded over- 
po^\* ring sun. It is evidently a matter of 
priiU* and conscience with thorn to dig 
deep and make, as one terms it. ''a hand- 
jiome grave." Their oaths and rouijrh talk 
niv silouooil. The youngest of them, nither 
x\ smart young • rgt»«nt, is obviously bent 
on making \ j^ood impression on the chap- 
la-ins, and talks somewhat learnedly and 
jiot^timi ntally on the way in whioh they 
nu»st have riveived their wounds, and on 
our all having ti> come to this, on the tield 
,ir in our beds, he tUnss not see that it 
lUAAcw.nKjc*/] (/j/}c>reiioe- but ho talks quiet- 



ly and soon stops, working steadily with 
the others, who have nothing to say except 
to interchange some undertoned remark 
as to the earth being loose in this spot, or 
a stone being in the way there. Just as 
they are giving the finishing strokes, some 
one hurries up, claims one of the bodies 
to be sent home to his friends, and the two 
men with him carry it ofL The digger 
agree to leave a third of the space nnfllled 
with soil for some other body — " there will 
be a many graves wanted through the day" 
— they leap up from the grave and tell the 
chaplains it is ready, then lean on their 
spades and uncover their heads. We also 
uncover, and one of the chaplains reads 
aloud from his little pocket bible, ** Now 
is Christ risen from the dead, and become 
the first fruits of them that slept — for since 
by man came death, by man came also 
the resurrection of the dead," and the rest 
of the chapter. He is followed by the 
other chaplain in a short address, followed 
by a prayer, then the uncoffined forms are 
lowered, the fresh earth covers them more 
closely, (and more kindly it seems to me,) 
than a wooden box would — tie empty space 
left by their side for whoever shall come 
next, — wooden boards inscribed with their 
names, companies and regiments, are placed 
at their heads, and there we leave them to 
their long rest, one wrapped in his blanket, 
while the other — 

" Taj like a wwrrlor taUiig his rest, 
I " With bis martial cloak around him." 

I Coming out of the inclosure, I stopped 
! to talk to several of a crowd — some three 
' hundred — of rebel prisoners, who stood or 
• sat iu two groups imder guard — some of 
- them in great trepidation lest the shells 
sent by their own people should reach 
them. (The shelling and musketry, but 
more especially the cannonading, goes on, 
more or less, all the time.) One of them 
was a South Carolina Colonel, named 
Brown, I am told, who sat on the gronnd 
whittling a piece of stick with his pen- 
' knife, which induced a fat oflicerwho stood 
' over him, and probably resented the cut- 
ting down from its maximum proportions 
of even a piece of wood, to inform him 
that he would certainly be taken for a 
■ Yankee if he persisted in whittling. The 
^ Colonel only grinned, however, and went 



^itc oamiary Oawi»j«#»tdn I^tumm, 



531 



OQ paring; perbapa, beginnLag to enter* 
t&m the idea that worse tliinga might befall 
Lim tb^LU to be tiikea for o. Yankee. One 
of them, ftn innocent looking, mild ejed 
joong lad^^a manj of them are — is the 
son of the wom&n who lives in the log-cabin 
hj the aide of which I am now writijig, and 
la now, tbeielore, a prisoner within a few 
jarda of his mothers' houae. The poor 
woman has been to eee him and deelarefi, 
wi^ many tears, that he waa led awa^ by 
hJB neigbbors against her entreaties. Her 
tronble is shared by the boy's grandfather, 
and by eeveral young sisters, vej'y pretty 
«nd delicate looking, notwithatandiug that 
Ihej have no shoes, and wear sucb unerin- 
idined gowna of striped home-made stnfiT aa 
a Biddy would gcorn to use for scrubbing 
<doth in the North, and live in a cabin of 
two roon^, log-ceiled, and log-waUed in* 
md^ as well as outside, and hardly anything 
in it but an old wardrobe, a ricketty table, 
a oon|ile of beds^ with the inevitable conn- 
tarpBJie of checkered atu£f, and equally in* 
writable spinning- wheeL 

An ambulance train, loaded with wonnd- 
©d* leftTea here probably this afternoon for 
Frederickabtirg or Port Boyul, whichever 
way in moat free from guerrillas— and by 
this, if it goes, I shall seek an outlet from 
the field — but I shall trust this to head- 
quarters' mail -bag mther than carry it my* 
aelf to Washington, for I think It likely it 
will Ihua ptLss tkrongh there on its way to 
jou eoou^r than I shall reach the place, 
Veay tolly mid respectfully yoniBi, 
Alfred X Bldob^ 



LETTEB VVEITING m CAMP. 

A special aid BtroUing about the ^iteusiTe 
I|j«miid0 Qocnpied by the hospitals, finds many 
doftlea prefleating thems«lyeflt of a different 
fslMra^ter ^m lbs nursing and f<BediDg which 

c»t pertaiu to lua office; Ms budge brings 
Mm many a oall from thosd who, f&t from home 
and friends, want to send " line" to those; for 
one hd will vrite a l^Ctsr, to another fomif;h 
tujul fjicllitieB for a letter olreadj written; an- 
other has gone oo lar oa to indit« as well ae he 
«an bis meeeag^ of love Ut those at borne, and 
wasitA it dtrtetedin a more legible hand; another 
wants a sheet of p^per and an envelops. U is 
an important part of om" duties in the hospitals 
to attend to the corrsiipondsnoe of the sick and 



wounded, and many a tonching messngo are we 
called upon to convey. I was impressed by the 
simple honesty and prudence of a private who 
was lying in one of the tents, ^ck with a dan- 
gerous disease ; I asked him if 1 abonld say to 
bia wife that he was better? "No," said he, 
"don*t givi her anything to be lajlng out 
upon." He evidently thought bis disease might 
prove fatal and anj eneouiaging words WDuld 
be building up, perhaps, a false hope. There 
is great delicacy of feeling eihihtted by many 
of these sajfering men^ and often a reluctance 
to divulga their private griefs, in strong cou' 
trast to the "mockery of woe,'* not unfreqaent^ 
ly met with among the more educated ek^isea. 
Let not this secretiveneHs bo too summarily 
placed to the account of luseasihilHy; the 
soldier is not apt to be a man of wordii; he is 
ashamed to bctmy a icndemeas of fi^eling which 
may appear fuint-hearted; as one said to me^ 
when I spoke of hia enduranoa under suffering, 
" it does not heoome a soldier to eomplain.*" 

A regiment of infantty from the front, after a 
long march of seventeen miles on a dusty ri^ad, 
almost without food, poaaing our tent hsw Rome 
of the aids wllh the badge of the Banitary Com- 
mission OQ their hata, ** Ab," saya one way worn 
veteran, ♦' therein the Sanitary; thiit'ii what Tve 
been wanting to see," These poor fellows im- 
mediately w&nted soft bread, and in the ab* 
eence of any supply of this* were provided with 
Boston soft crackers, to their great relief, wash* 
ing them down with the best eoffee, prepared at 
one of the feeding stations. 

WHAT IS BEING DOKE FOR OUR SICK 
AND WOUNDED S0LDmR3. 

[Ffom the AgrlculturfiLI 

White Houik, Ym., JmM Otil, IBfti^ 
[The readers will please give tbe entire credit 
of tbe Tune and July numbers of tbe Agneul- 
turist to my worthy editorial as«oeiate% Prof, 
Tburber, Col. Weld, Mr* Fitch, and their assis- 
tants and correspondents. Five weeks ago to- 
day, I k<ft home to person^ly aid for a few days 
in the cfire of the wounded. The days have 
lengthened to weeks, and I cannot yet convene 
to leave this important and interettlug field of 
labor. I evea begradge tbe brief time devoted 
to this hasty letter, fb? every moment I can be 
in tbe camp gives opportttnity to contribute 
something to tbe comfort of a suffering fellow* 
I may perhaps run home for a day or tvfo, to at. 
tend to some important business^ but with tbis 
exception, I Teel it a doty, as well as the high- 
est pleasore, to remain near the ba^e fields, so 
long as hundreds of men are abnoat daily struck 
dowUi and wV^^ mo iMasJu «iwa.\ife ^Twii \ft ^^^sev^- 



532 



The Sanitary Commission BtiUdin. 



ate their suflfeiings. It is the more my duty, as 
my health continues very good, notwithstand- 
ing the severity of the night and day hibor, the 
absence of regular wholesome meals, of beds, or 
of any of the comforts of home, or civilization 
even. I have so far felt none of the evil influ- 
ences of these malarious regions, which seri- 
ously affect so many others. I doubt not our 
readerrt will readily excuse me for present in- 
attention to correspondence, to business, and to 
the reading columns.] 

My notes last month to my associates, which 
I see they took the liberty to print, left me at 
Fredericksburg. Since then we have been to 
Belle Plain again, to Acquia Creek, (May 22,) 
down the Potomac and up the Rappahannock to 
Pol t Hi jyul, ( May 25, ) and to Fredericsburg again, 
(May 20, ) to bring away the last of the wound- 
ed; ba(!k to Port Royal, then down the Bappa- 
huuudck and Chebapeake, up the York River, 
and to this j)oint, White House, on the Pamun- 
key Kiv< r, where we arrived Monday, May 30, 
The work at these several points has been much 
the same, viz., the reception and care of wound- 
ed and nick, sent to the rear from the battle 
field. At each place, and especially at Freder- 
icksburg and here, wo have heard the almost 
constant roar of cannons, sometimes in too 
raj)id succession to admit of counting the dis- 
tinct discharges of the heavier guns, even, and 
we hav.' ahiwjst learned to plan our work ahead 
for a givpu number of wounded, by the charac- 
ter and direction of the firing. 

Of the character of our work, any one can 
judge, by thinking what would be d;>ne in a 
houst hold wliere one of its members had been 
miiiiiicd by accident. How miiny attentions 
would be V)est(nved, how many comforts would 
be planned, how would the sympathies of the 
whole neighborhood bo called forth for miles 
aroiiml. Here we have thousaiuLs of maimed 
ineri, some of them pierced and torn in every 
C(m(!eivuble manner -not one in a house, but 
often a s(;ore or more, on the ground, under a 
sini^le huge tent. When soldiers are disabled, 
they ar«' sent to the rear, where the surgeon 
pel forms such hasty dnssing and other opera- 
tions as nmy Ixj most needed. As soon as cir- 
cumstances allow, tliey are then sent to the base 
of sui)j)lies, in ambuLmces, (covered spiing 
wagons,) or often in Hpringless army wagons. 
The gu'-rrillas that hover around the rear, make 
it lucessury to send a strong military guard 
along with each train of wounded, and also pre- 
clude the attendance of civilians to feed and care 
for the; wounded while on the way. Such help 
onJj' j's given as cnn he afibrded by tho drivers 
anil the soldiers detailed to attend them. Tlie 



comparatiyely few Sanitary Commission wagon* 
and relief men allowed at the front, do what 
they can for the men before they leave the field 
hospitals. It is these famished, weary, hungry, 
often tired and fainting men, tliat we are try- 
ing to receire and provide for to the ntoK>8t of 
our ability. And God be thanked for the noble 
enterprise of the U. S. Sanitary Commission, 
and for the patriotic hearts and hands that have 
supplied its treasory with the means for carry- 
ing abundant supplies to the points where need- 
ed. I have sent yon a partial list of the stores 
brought to this point, which is but one of the 
fields of labor. I cannot begin to describe the 
work done. My note book, and the broader 
pages of memory, would famish details enough 
to fill a hundred columns in the Agricnitorist 
A few items must suffice. 

At Belle Plain a large force of men, in alter- 
nate squads, were occupied night and day, from 
May 10 to May 25, in feeding the men with cofRee^ 
milk punch to the faintmg, soft bread and 
cj-ackers, medicines, and many delicacies— in 
giving clothing, crutches, arm -slings, blankets, 
etc. ; in dressing wounds, in cheering the des- 
ponding, in conversing with the dying, in writ- 
ing letters for tiiose unable to write for them- 
selves, in receiving and forwarding letters, par- 
cels, etc. ; in short, in everyway in which thej 
could comfort the living, and in burying those 
who died when thus far on their way home. The 
work done at that point alone, a thousand times 
repaid all the great and small Sanitary Fairs 
ever held, and all the home efforts ever put 
forth. 

At the same time, 32 four-horse wagons were 
engaged in hauling supplies to the army, and 
esi>ecially to Fredericksburg, where the same 
kind of work was going on, but on a still larger 
scale, if possible. Central distributing stores 
were established, and tho city was districted 
off, and squads of relief men assigned to each 
district (The agents of the Commission ac- 
companying the army, are called the Relief 
Corps, and those at the rear with the wounded, 
are termed the Auiiliary Kelief Corps.) These 
latter consist partly of regularly employed men, 
(who ai'e previously trained to the work of 
dressing wounds, preparing food for the sick, 
etc.,) but more largely of volunteers, who give 
their time and best energies freely, bat who 
work entirely subject to the regular Anxiliary 
Relief Corps. 

These companies, with temporary captains to 
direct, went from house to house in their seve- 
ral beats, and commenced their good work. 
Though numbering over one hundred and fifty, 
lh«T« "97 ttA ^^> onud ^^S3Cl<^ «^ v^vna^ of nearly filly 



fbr each oa& to look after. Thoie skilled m tbat 
bmneh, assisted in dressing wannds; others 
carried arontid and diftpejised prepai«d foods 
And drinks, etc^, fTOm the sAtutiiry storea. The 
memory of the hoorK and days cM?^npied in thia 
will never dim. That clean, nice flannel shirt; 
made p«t-haps hj yotir hiindB, genlle reader, or 
k«Bt bought wiUi jfmt monajr or work, ^nd 
at in phue dt a blood or dirt-aoiled one, bj 
lie hand that writes this, perhaps comforted a 
, or brother, or relative of the maker her' 
Imtt I see a pair of bare fee4 of a noble man 
r«b»tohed npon the floor, unable to raise himself 
up; I hasten to put upon them a pair of home^ 
knit iocka. Who knit them ? Perhaps the one 
t reads this. Somebody knit them fnt some- 
P^body's son— and that is enough, Never shall I 
llbrget one pair giren, A mark on them indi- 
cated the knitter's name. The soldier took them 
in his hands, looked them orer and o^er again 
—then ki^ed them, hugged them to hta bosom, 
and turning upon his mde, wept I conld not 
; ctay therct to mk what were hn thoughts. 
^ ^eae hands of loine are hallowed by the hun- 
dreds of pairs of socks, the fibirts, tbe drawers, 
[^e anns-slings, the enitehes, the pillows, the 
[ ting'<^nshions, the slippers, etc*^ that they have 
Ltwcffl. peimitted to give to such men dnring five 
|«M^ past And 6v«ry hand that has helped 
' to mi^e these things, or helped by work, or 
dimea, or doUam, to buy them. Is a nobler 
hand therefor. I wish I eonld give a thousandth 
part of the iteraa, 1 hove said nothing of th© 
teas of thousands of cnps of good coffee, pre- 
pared with pure milk» brought condensed in 
eans, and sweetened with good sugar; of other 
thoasandfl of cnpa of tea; of milk pnn(.-b when 
iftin^oiajits wi^e most needed; of fa^in{^ of beef 
or chicken broth, which modem invention en- 
ajbloa na to carry fiesh to the 1^ehL Imagine at 
leaat a hnndred persons eont«taQtly preparing 
[ snd bearing these things to our slolc and wound- 
1 «d and brave men, far from home and home 
loomforts and care, and again with m^ thank 
God that it WRH pot into the hearts of the 
people;, to work in fairei and at home for our 
.soldiers, and that yon and I have been privileged 
'io bear some part in this noblest enterprise of 
this or any other age. Let ns keep on doing. 
We ore In the midat of the mightiest straggle 
the world has eveu seen. For thirty- six days 
an almost ineessant battle has gone on, and the 
end is not yet But I must hastem 
At Port Royal, Va., the same work was re* 
li^estod fbr three days and nights. The Sanitaiy 
VOommis^on steamer, loaded down with stores 
t and with rtdlef men, were on hand two hours 
heibr^ the £rst wounded man airiredt and wo 



fed and cared for nil who cfkmt^ in, until they 
were sent for from WaBhington, whither they 
were carried direct by water, in comfortable^ 
commodions steamers. 

At this point, ("White House,) we arrived two 
days in advance of the wounded* You should 
see our eight diatri bating and feeding tents on 
shore, and tbe busy relief agents, cookings 
hastening from tent to tent with ptulsfall of the 
best nutriment, bundles of dothing, etc. Shidl 
I speak of a single dsy'n work of my own, in 
illustration ? The men had for thirty .six daya 
been away from their usual acceus to anttlera* 
or other sources of supply, I found a great 
eagerness for tobacco, among those accustomed 
to use this narcotic; the longing seemed to be 
intensified by their condition. Yesterday I 
went around with a bssket on each arm, and a 
haversack on my neck. A rough estimate of 
the day's work, from the morning rtnd <?vening*« 
ataek on hand, showed that I had given out 
writing paper and envelopes to about 700 luen; 
pencils to £10^ a large lot of newspapers sent di< 
rect to m© by Mr. Felt, of Salem, Mass. ; crutch- 
es, to 130 wounded below the knee, who were 
thus enabled to get up and moire about; arm- 
alings to 115 wounded in the arm, (perhaps yon 
made one of these reader;) a piece of tdiawing 
tohaoeo each, to about 370; smoking tobftocxi 
and matches to abont 15 Q, and pipes to 73 who 
had lost theirs. (A wounded man seldom brings 
anything from the field exi^ept what is in his 
pocket'*) This ia the only day I have attempted 
to keep an account of the work done. With my 
outfit of baskets, etc*, I looked like, and was not 
inappropriately dubbod a •* Yankee Pedler." 1 
doubt if any other Yankee PedJer ever clid a 
better business in one day, or ouo that paid a 
thousandth part m weU. The pleasant running 
oottversation kept up all day was cheering, to 
myself at least, and the "God bless yous** and 
cheerful " good mornings" or '* good evenr 
ings" responded from every tent as I left it» 
was good pay, Eveijwhere 1 met others of our 
relief agents bearing other things, or bending 
over tbe wounded meit, dresaing their wounds, 
and literally *■ pouring in oii and wine." The 
sleep of that night wm ewcetened by bearing 
out thirty-eight nice warm new blankets to as 
many blank etless men whom I found, as I came 
from a distant part of the camping ground at a 
late hour in the Gvenlng. These men hml been 
brought in after dark, and had got separated 
from the rest of their train* I am sure some 
of their lives were thus saved. 1 epeak thus ijar- 
ticuLarly oi m^ <i^rn.wox\L\jttBiJ«i^\'5»2ct«^ftaii.*i^ 
that bfest. ld\noBl t^o V\m^i^^ ^'^Sd^ia tst^ ^i-^- 



1 



534 



The Sanitary Commission BvHeUn. 



their strength in the different departments. 
Such is the work at White House Landing to- 
day. May I not neglect the Agricoltnrist an- 
other month, if need be ? 

Orange Judd. 

Mr. Judd adds, writing from Whitehouse, 
June 7: 

It will be a matter of interest to the contrib- 
utors to the funds, and especially to the friends 
of the soldiers, to know what is supplied by the 
U. S. Siinitary Commission. The following is 
only a paitial list of the supplies on hand at 
this place, yesterday. They are on board of 
half a dozen steamers, barges and schooners in 
the ^i^xT, and are being carried on shore, part 
to eight distributing tents, and part to some 
forty four-horse wagons, which are carrying 
them to the *' front" There are about 100 
toamstors, porters, etc., engaged in handling 
the stores, mjnning the boats, etc., and 150 or 
more of the hired and volunteer relief corps, 
engaged in distributing directly to the wound- 
ed and sick, and in dressing wounds and caring 
for the men otherwise. These articles are all 
needed; the use of most of them will be obvious 
to every one; others are required for tents and 
other work. 

This list contains an assortment forwarded 

from the general storehouses, about in the pro- 

l)ortion they are expected to be needed. Daily 

orders go off for each article of which the stock 

is being drawn down. 

f»,2KH cans nondt-nsod milk. 'MCiO lK>t. bay mm, for bathing 

' " " ' |16<» l>oxi'« leinonR. 

308 hottlfs lemon syrup. 

1 HI bWs. iMirter, in ^a bbls. 
C* IbH. Hpicoa. 

135 tfailons tamarinds. 

785 lbs. tea. 

30 IbH. mutton tallow. 

IH bcd8tead8. 

iH)7 bed ti(^k8. 

11 iMileH of Htraw. 

768 pillowH. 

l.U4ti pillow casos. 

312 pillow Ucka. 

115 mattrt>MM'8. 

'M>4 I'hanibori*. 

248 candlestickH. 

fi large boxen onahions. 

477 ring cushions. 

510 sheets. 

480 woolen blanketa. 

4« rubber blankets. 

3U3 quilts. 

.V) hea<l rests. 

139 stretchers. 

loo lanterns, for night work. 

'iOO nn'dij'ino oups. 

48 scismirs, for nurses. 

776 hnir combs. 

419 i)ietvH musquito net. 

44 pieces old silk. 

2 bales oakum, for wounds. 
328 spit eups. 
1,502 handkerohiefo. 
3,009 towels. 
2,320 tin cups. 
712 tin pIaU>s. 
250 tin banins. 

[8 large water tanks. 
'MI tinapoona. 



2,012 lbs. hoft cracker*. 

l,Hr><) II )M. farina. 

4.5')r( lbs. sugar, 

10.207 cans tomatoes. 

704 lbs. corn starch. 

3,310 lbs. prep'd chocolate. 

804 lbs. ground coffee. 

192 lbs. extract coffee. 

00 lbs. cocoa. 

1.000 lbs. oat meal. 

400 lbs. com meal. 

24 lbs. gtlatine. 

100 lbs. ina(\*aroni. 

80 IbH. arrow root. 

200 lbs. rice. 

180 lbs. butter. 

11 bbls. tlour. 
447 cans pea<"heH, (2 lb. c.~l 
100 cans ]K'ars. (2 lb. cans.) 

100 doz. IrcHh eggs. 

101 cans green In^ans. 
210 cans roast chicken, 2 lb. c 
500 cans roast turkey. 2 lb. c, 
2.402 cans roast beef, 2 lb. c. 
330 cans conds'd IxH'f soup. 
2.2(M) c. «>ther canned meats. 
2 bbls. hams. 
610 bottles Jamaica rum. 
840 botths bnmdy. 
MO bottles sherry wine. 
1,47.''> iHJttlcs whiskey. 

12 lx»tths cherry brandy. 
10 gallons fon'igu wine. 
fi7 ffiUlous Ootnostic wino. 

67 biittloH cider. 
216 bottles air boL 
1 pmcksf^o spirits. 
2 bbla. inolAt*sea 
2,128 botUea ex, of ginger. 



116 tin buckets. 

9 cooking stoTes. 

39 camp kettles. 

192 knives and forks. 

12 cheap canrers. 

efkyingpans. 

16 large coffee pots. 

7 nutmeg graters. 

12 boxes assorted tin ware. 

1 bhd. assorted tin ware. 

2 bbls. assorted tin ware. 
60 lbs. saleratus. 

30 baskets. 

4«4d9 woolen shirts. 

1,304 cotton shirts. 

1,158 hospital shirts. 

671 woolen drawers. 

847 Canton flannel drawers. 

1,946 cotton socks. 

1.646 woolen socka. 

898 wrappers. 

733 pairs slippers . 

6 boxes shoes. 

1 box boots. 

1 large box pants. 
269 flrallons pickles. 

60 bbls curried cabbage. 
218 bbls. saur kraut. 
626 lbs. smoking tobacco. 
200 lbs. cheese. 

2 sacks salt 

60 wooden paila. 
4 medicine boxes. 

2 lbs. bromine. 

60 lbs. chloroform. 

1 box quinine. 

1.000 camphor et opii piUa. 

6 bbls. chloride of lime. 

16.600 envelopes. 

16 reams letter paper. 

1.116 lead pencils. 

167 dozen pen holders. 

14 gross pens. 

108 bottles ink. 

3 boxes assorted stationery. 



420pa]ml 

29 bales bay. 

12 balea stiaw. 

400 bushels oata, for toami^ 

1 fire proof safe. 
40 camp aloolB. 

Large £>t assarted loaibw. 
2kegSDaila, 

10 lbs. spikea. 
24shoTeJa. 
6axea. 

12 hatcheta. 

2 saws. 

12 hammers. 
112 brooms. 
24 bbla. bandagM. 

6 bbls. old linen. 

2 bbls. bome-mada Unt. 
60 lbs. patent Unt. 
2 lbs. silk Ugatore. 
196 bottles colagne. 
Camphor. 

11 boxes reading matter. 
I4u^e bundlea newspapara. 
714 arm slings. 

1,400 pair oratchea. 

67canea. 

224 lbs. aoap. 

14tenta. 

727 lbs. candlea. 

140pada. 

2 hues spotigaa. 

2 boxes spongea. 

26 lbs. spongea. 

144 gross I 

111 broom 

100 boapital 1 . 

7 large camp chesta,wf th ftaD 
assortment of ererything 
in, for Held nae oa the iB- 
stant 

Extra baniesa, aaddlee, brt- 
I dies, flsga, zasara, shaT* 
I ing bnasnea, marking potSy 
etc, etc 



HOMES AND LODGES. 

During the nine weeks ending Jnne 1, the 
namber admitted was 17,469, from 23 different 
states; of meals famished, 38,892; of lodgings, 
13,U62; 1831 were aided in procuring transpor- 
tation. 

Nashtillb. 

Daring the five weeks ending Jnne 4, the 
namber admitted was 4611, from 25 different 
states; of meals famished, 16,3S3; of lodgihgs, 
4967; transportation was seoured for 3939, and 
$7527 of pay was collected and paid orer. 

LomsniiLB. 
The number of meals furnished during the 
month of May has been 19,790; of lodgings* 
6,327. 

New At.bany, (Ind.) 
Number admitted daring May, 800; of meals 
furnished, 1,868; of lodgings, 567. 

Camp Nemon, (Kt.) 
Number of lodgings famished during the 
month, 7,526; of meals, 23.604. 

Detbott. 
During the months of March and April there 
were admitted 1,134; the namber of meals to^ 
uished was 4,864, and of lodgings, 1,416. 

Memphis. 
Dxknn^ t]L« five weeks ending June 4, the 
nxunVi^i tAroiXibbdL ^\^aa >M«ii \^A^ feom 19 dif- 



TJte Sanitary Oommiaaion BuUdin. 



635 



Mr. Christy reporia: 

The iidoption, iti ^nroh Ltst^ of a STBiem 
of regintratioti &(](litionnJ to the g^nerftl reg- 
ister of the ** Lodgt*"* of the work of speeiai 
relief At this point, mftk^a it possible to furtiisK 
from time to time, u moita eittendad ahowing of 
what htis been done in ibiit di^partment ihiui n&s 
hert^tofore been given in my weekly feports. 
fi«U^ring thut such a sbowiiig mav contain 
■onid ittnas of interest, I liave ooliected the 
mttteriAlB for it from my book^i and herewith 
MDd th^m for yonr penisal. 

The period of time embrao«d is from April 
lat to April 30th, inclusive of both dates. 

The whole nnoiber registered during that 

period is> .,,.,.,........., 1,420 

Furfonghed , 354 

Dueh^fged * . > 32 

Beorait&kgStfTLM...... %1 

CoDiTftUtteft&tB S92 

B6Gfiiit& 218 

OQArdfl 23*2 

Detached Serrice , 73 

From Stales, &a follows: 

minoiSf 455; Iowa^ 184; Ohio, 146; Missouri, 
75; EndiMift, 97; Michigan, 75; Minnesola, 69; 
Wisconsin, 64; Kentucky » 39; New York, 38; 
Kew Jersey, 32; Pennsylvania, 13; Missisdppi 
Marine Brigade, 11; Kansas, 10; Tennessee, 7; 
MaasachosettSf 5; Veteran Eeserre Corps, 3; 
Beguiar Army, 2; Nebraska, 2; New Hamp- 
shire, 1; Maln% 1; Gonneetient, 1; Louisiana, 

(A. n.,) 1. 

Of these, forty-one were sick, ten cHppled in 
▼arions ways, one stdk and crippled, and two 
woimde4 

Komher of lodgings furnished 1^324 

Knmber of meals furnished .... . . 4,802 

Beaidea fon^hing lodgingii and meals as 
ftboTet, we hav^ given addttianAl relief to one 
hmi^red uid fifty-six out of the one thousand 
IbfUT hnndred and ninety-two men, as follows: 

Fomiithed transportation at Govern- 
ment rates, throngh Quartermaster . 127 
Tno^ortadon paid by Commission. . 2 

Owrliige within the city to 24 

Clothing to 6 

Aid in ODrrecling papers . .... 9 

Aid in drawing pay 13 

Amount dmwn and paid over. ...... .$3,632.77 

Medi«?Al ailvice f urmshed to ......... . 3 

Money given to 5 

Sent to hospital. 13 

Beibrred to loeal relief associatfona ... 6 

Buttons famished to seventeen enlisted men 
on kaving. who could not draw them from the 
CJomonisBury. 

Yon wiU have notieed that the work of the 
liodge hlA been gradually dimiLtiii^ihiiig for three 
aionlha. I had BUppo^ed thut thiij decrease 
would continue. Movements of troops along 
tfce Miaaiaiippi, and in the adja^^ent section, 
waminled this eipectiition. I think. But the 
fdiinre of both the R«d Eiiror t^xpeditiontj— that 
under General Steele and that under General 
Bdnkii— making aeeessary another oamp^iign, 
and the coneentration of troops hefe» wilt I 
thiak. not only c^hedf this decline, but rather 
r 0fjr work. 

* 9 m ^ « 



POINT LSABELLA HOSPITAL, KENTDOKY. 

M?. Pay son reports: 

By tho kiiidQeaa of Captaiii T. 8. Hall, I 
waa furnished with an ambulance, and tak- 
ing such stores as were thought to be need- 
ed, I started for Camp Burnsido on the 
mormng of the 16th. Oa reachiug Hall's 
Gap, I fotind the post, which had hereto- 
fore been somewhat es:fcanaive, broken up, 
and the stores on hand removed to Grab 
Orchard. On tho following day I reached 
Somerset, where I expected to find a hos- 
pital, but was informed that in Marob laat 
it was given up, and the patients were re- 
moved to Point Isabella, which place I 
reached at 7 P. M. I was most cordiallj 
reoeived bj Dr. C. W. Leonard, of the lOth 
Michigan Cavalry^, now acting as post sur- 
geon. 

As the former supply of stores which have 
been sent to this post, and which was very 
liberal^ wa3 now entirely e^austed, the men 
were yery grateful for the arfcicles I took 
them. 

From Dr. Leonard I learned that in Jan- 
uary la^t the hospital was eatabliE^hed and 
put under the immediate care of Dr. Harris, 
of the 7th Bhode Islaud. He remained in 
charge till the 19 th of March, when Dr. 
Leonard was ordered to break up the hofl- 
pitfd of which be had oharge at Somersel 
and take charge of that at the Point. 

From the establishment of the hospital 
there have been three hundred patiouta; of 
these J thirty-four have died. The prevail- 
ing diseases have been typhoid and pnen* 
monia. 

The site for the hospital was doubtless 
thought to be a3 desirable as at that time 
could be selected. It is on an eminenoo 
some three hundred feot above the river. 
The ground being very uneven, the hospi- 
tal teuts were pitched in a hoUow, although 
raised some three feet from the ground. 
They are all floored, and at prestrnt dr^. 
Two hospital tents embrace a ward, and in 
each ia a large stone fire-place. It is to be 
feared that when the heavy rains set in, tho 
water will stand under tho tents, unless 
great care is taken to have proper drainage^. 
The location, with the best of oare, is not 
desirable. 

I am happy to say that Dr. Leonard is 
unremi£tiug in bid care of his patients. He 
visits them regul*rly twice a day^ and all 
special cases three or four times a day. His 
labors are very arduous, having now neither 
clerk nor assistant. 

The police of the hospital is ^ood. Every 
man is required to wash twice a week. 
There is great fear that the hospital will 
suffer for the want of good wholesome 
water. Tke^ are obli^wed ^ kasi. ^ Sitiss^ 

keep it in ba.TT^\a. Ka "Ca^^^ iiiihsi V^^ ^^% 



536 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



nii^lii'il with dried cumin ts, tUFpUerry vine- 
^r, niid lomonn^ for eoolinp drinks. In 
tho fr**M( rftl, I e*m say that all ih done for 
th(* t^tmfort and restorution of tlie patit^nta 
thiit am be, under the cirt'mnfttoui'ea. 
Thire htin been a great difieimey of uitd- 
icid ^^npI!li(«fi^ -which, it is hoped, will be 
speedily met. As the great majority of tht^ 
COK^K Hic? of a low form, the hof^pital i*hmikl 
be jinivided with a good supply of fatiniu- 
lani.^. 

There is connected with the hoBpitnl a 
poiit biu'jal f>Tf^"Dd. It eoutaiuH abont half 
an aire uuinelosied, and hiiH tut nty uino 
grftvi'H. The names and niimbors I will 
enih avor to send you. 

At jirescnt the hospital has a capacity of 
ninety 4 wo beds, all of which are neciipied. 
EfloriH are beinf? madf* to erect hu it able 
bnihlirifjr^ on an adji>ining hill, mar a tino 
coiil sjiriufi* Should this effort be sncecMs- 
fnlj it will be of great udvantage to the 
heahh <if the men. 

Of tlie piitii^nts, fifteen are from Indiana, 
niiH' from Illinois, fifteen from the 10th 
Michigan Cavalry, and fifty- four from Ken- 
tucky. 

I idso visited the 49th Kentucky, the only 
regiment now at the pos^t It 1 jaw only scvi-n 
in the liuiHpitaL At the sick eiill, they have 
fiome twenty five or thirty niHeN, mostly 
diarrhea and intermittent. Although the 
health of this regiment htk» been uncom- 
monly piood heretofore, there eau bo no 
doubt, if they continue in their present 
camjiinf? gronnd tlvrongh the hot f^eason, 
that j^irkuesft will increfliie, els there is much 
of mahtriid influence. 



NOTES ON NURSIN'G. 

CUATTtKINO HOeES AND ADVICES, 

No ciockerj* in the world is ho hollow as the 
advice tibowered upon the sif k. It is ot no tiwe 
for Ihe Hick to Kay uny thing, for what the ad- 
viser wtmtH in, fiot to know the tnith about the 
■tatt: of the patit^nt. but to turn wh&tevt-r the 
aick may B^y to the stipjjort of b;H own arpTi- 
nient, tivK- forth, it muKt bo repeattcl, without 
any inquiry whatever into the patioaVt* real 
conihtitm. ^'Bnt it would he ini]ierlinent or 
indecent in mt to make sueh an inquiry/' sayH 
the jidviiser. True; and how jnUfh more iiu- 
pertim nt in it to give your ad vine when you can 
know nothioi^ about tho truths uud admit you 
could not inquire into it 

To Tiurneti I aay — these are the visitors who 
do your patitnt burtn. Wheu you hear him 
tohf: b That he hart not bin jr the matter with 
hinit liod thut he wantii rbeerinj;. 2. That ho 
IB eoiu oil t ting suicide, and thiit he want^i pre- 
wulinif. 13. ITiat he la the tn<il of soratdiody 
who midv^B UHG of him for a. purpose. -1. That 
he will listen to nobody, hut in obHtinntely bent 
upon hi. 4 own way^ and 5, That he ouf^ht to he 
cidled to a Hense of dut3\ and in tlyiug in the 
face ofl^ovkience; then know that yoiirpfvlient 
is recti ring all the injuiy that he can receWe 
Jtouj ji vitiitor. 



How little the real Btiffdrinj^B of illuefls ttw 
known or understood. How little does imj one 
in good beiiUh fancy him or eren ^^rself into 
the life of a sick pijrsoii- 

Dot you who are about the sick or who vidt 
the sick, try and f^ive them pleftanre: remember 
to t4<ll them what will do so. How often in 
auch vi^itA the aick peraon has to do the whole 
converKAtion, exerting his own imagination and 
memory* whik yoix would take the viwlor, ab- 
Borbed in hi h own ansLielieF, makinit no e0Urt of 
memory or imagination, for the aick person. 
"Oh! my dear* I have ao much to think of, I 
really quite fi>rg^t to tsll him that; be^ide^ I 
thooffht be woiSd know it/' says the visitor to 
another friend. How conid "he kuov it?" 
Depend upon it, the people who say this are 
reiiily those who have Utile 'Mo think of 
There are many bnrthened with bunineHfl who 
always manage to keep n pigeon-hole in their 
mindfl, full of thin ga to tell the "invalid." 

I do not fiay, don't tell him your aniietiea— 
I believe it i» good for him and good for yon 
too; hut if you tell him what ia anxious* surely 
you can remember to tell him what is pleasant 
too. 

A Kick person doca so enjoy hearing Rood 
ne^-H; ivt intit^nee, of a love and courti^hip, 
while in pio;^reii» to a gooil ending. If you tell 
him only wh^n the marnaf^e tnkea place, he 
JoKes half the pleasure, which God knows be 
has litrle enough of; and ten to one but yom 
have told him of some love-makirg with a bad 
ending. 

A Riek person aino intenpely enjoys hearing of 
any ma^cj"iVd gootb any poititive or practical 
FueeeRK of the riKht. He nan so much of books 
and tiction. of prindplea, and preceptw, and 
Iheorien: do, ioRiead of adviiung him with ad- 
vice he has heanl at least fifljr times before, tell 
him of one b^'Ui^voknt aet which Im^ reaUy sue- 
eeeded praetiridly* it ia likea dAjf's health to him. 

You have no idea what the craving of sick, 
with undiniiniKhed power of thinking, but little 
power of doing, Ik to bear of gwid practical ac- 
tion, when they can no longer partake in iL 

Do observe theKe thin|p^ witb tho aick. Do 
remeuibi^r how their life is to them dii^ppoint- 
ed and ityeonipletp. You ace them lying there 
with miNcrable disappointments^ from which 
they can have no eivape hut death, and yoa 
can*t remeudn^r to teli tnem of what would give 
them so much pleaaure, or at leaiit an bourse 
variety. 

They don't want you to be lacbrymoee and 
whining with them" they like yon to be freah 
and aetivc iuid interesti^d, hut Ibey ciinnot bear 
absence of mind, and they are ko tired of tlie 
advice and preaching they receive from every- 
boily, no matter whom it is, tbey see. 

There i^ no l>etter fiociety than habiea and 
sick people for one another. Of course yoa 
muHt nmuage thia ao that neither f^balL snfier 
from it, which is perfectly possible. If yon 
tbink the ♦'air of the sick room** bad for the 
baby, why it is bad for the invalid too, and, 
thert*fore' you wili of course correct it for ttotb. 
It freHbeuH up a ^ick person's whole mental at- 
mosphfre to st^e *'the baby.*' And a VCTy 
younjT child, if unspoiled, will generally adapt 
tUeVf wonderfully to the ways of a sick person, 
il Ihe i\me tti-^ «9«!iiflt \o^<c^tiT w uot too Ions, 



I 



ntir«f &om reasoBsble eauses of distrees, you 
would lake more pmns. abonl all ihes« thin;^ 
An iahnkt kid upon the sick bed ivfll do the 
mk Pi^^ thus sufff ring, more good ihan all 
7011F lisgie. A piece of good news will do the 
mno. F^riiAps jon otg iiiVaii) of " disturbing" 
him. You say there ih no comfort for his pres- 
SBt eotlKe of flfflicjtioo It is perfect! j reasou- 
»bla The (lisimction is this, if he is oblig^'d 
to »€t, do not '* diatiirb" him with another snb- 
iod of thought jnst yet; help him to do what 
i!# iwintfl to do; but, if he has done thin* ot if 
nothing «m be done, then ^♦disturb" him by 
ftU mejuiB. Yon will relieve, more effectually, 
nnrEiif^onable auffering from reanonable eauiiea 
by tilling him ''the news," showing him " the 
bftby." or giving him aoioetbin^ new to think 
of or to look fttp than by all the logio in the 
world. 

It ban been very Justly $aid that the aick are 
like children in this, that there is no prffporiiim 
in erent^ to them. How it 18 yonr buBineaSi as 
Uieiridsitort to restore tbis tight proportion for 
tbecEi— to show them what the rest of the world 
is doing. How eaii they fin<l it out otherwise? 
You will find them fat more open to eoiiviction 
than children in this. And you will find that 
thoir lit) reasonable intensity of suifering from 
nnkindncM, from want of sympathy, tfccv* will 
diflmppaftT with their ftesheued interest in the 
big world*s events. But then yon must b© able 
la gire them real interests^ not gossip. 

OBaEBT.iTlON OF THE SIjCBL 

There is no more silly or nniveisal question 
scarcely sjsked than this, ** Is he better ?" Ask 
it of the medical attGtidant, if you please. But 
of whom else, if yon wish for a real answer to 
yonr qnestion^ would you ask ? Certainly not 
of the c^uftl yiaitsr; certainly not of the nntfte, 
white the nnrae'a obeetration is so little exer- 
cised as It is now. What yon want ate factB» 
not opinions— for who can haTe any opinion of 
any valme as to whether the patient is better or 
worse, excepting the constant medical atten* 
dant, or the really obserring nnrse? 

The most impottnnt practical leason that can 
be giTeu to nuiBea is to teach them what to 
obserre— how to obsetre — what symptoms in- 
di^te improYement— what the reverse— which 
ftrsof importiinee— which are of none— which 
•^ the eviden<)e of neglect— and of what kind 
of neglect 

All this is what ought to make part, and an 
fiiBeniial part, of the tmining of every ntitse. 
At present how few there are, either profes- 
Bional or unproressional, who really know at all 
whether any mck person they may bo with is 
better or worse. 

The iragueneaa and looaeness of the informa* 
tioD one reeeivea in answer to that much abused 
^eation, ** Is he better?" would be ludicrous, if 
il were not painful The only sensible answer 
(in the present tttate of knowledge about sick* 
ne»«4, > w<mJd be, ** How can I know? I cannot 
teJl how he was when I was not with him." 

I can record bnt m ym few specimens of the 
anaw0T« which I ha^e heard made b^ friends 
and nupes* and accepted by nhysiciana and 
•UTweona at the very bedside of the'pftt^^<i^ who 
could hftTe contradicted very word, bnt did not 
— sometimes from nmiMUlyf often from ahy- 
n ant oi^nmt &&m languor 1 



m 



'* Uow often have the bowels acted » nurse ?** 
"Once* sir," This generally means that the 
ntensil has been emptied once» it having been 
need perhaps seven or eight times. 

"Do yon think the patient ia much weaker 
than he was six weeks ago?*' ** Oh no, sir; yon 
know it is very long since he has been up and 
dressed, and he can get across the room now," 
ThiB means that the nurse has not observed 
that whereas sii weeks ago he sat np and occu* 
pied himself in bed, he now lies still doing noth- 
ing; that, although he can ''get across thd 
room," he cannot stand for five »econds. 

Another patient who is eating well, recorar- 
ing steadily, although slowly, from fever, but 
cannot walk or Btand, is represented to the doc- 
tor as making no progress at all. 

Questions, too, as asked now (hot too gener- 
ally) of ot about patients, would obtain no in- 
formation at all about them, even if the person 
aaked of bud every iuformstion to give. The 
q^uestion is genetally a leading question; and it 
is sitigtdilt fliat people never think what must 
be the answer to thiii question before they ask 
it: for instance, ^' Has he had a goodnight?" 
Now, one patient will think he has ^ bad ujght 
if he has not slept ten hours without waking. 
Another does not think he has a bad ni|>ht if he 
had intervals of dosing occasionally. The same 
answer has actually been given as reg^ded two 
padenta^one who had been entirely sleepless 
for five times twenty -four hours, and died of it^ 
and another who had not slept the sleep of a 
regular night, without waking- Why cannot 
the question be asked. Bow many hours' sleep 

hns had ? and at what hours of the nigbt r* 

*•! have never closed my eyes all night," anon* 
swer as frequently made when the speitker has 
hod several hours' sleep as when he has hnd 
none» would then be less often said. Lies, in- 
tentional and unintentional, are much seldomef 
told in answer to precise than to leading qnes- 
tions. Another frequent error is to inquiro 
whether one c-anse remains, and not whether 
the effect which may be produced by a great 
many different causes, not inquired after, re- 
mains* As when it is asked^ whether there was 
noise in the street last night; and if there were 
not, the patient is reported, without more ado^ 
to have had a good night Patients are com- 
pletely taken aback by these kinds of leading 
questions, and give only the exuct amount of 
information asked for, even when they know it 
to be completely misleading* The ahyneaa of 
patients is seldom allowed for. 

How few there are who, by five or six point- 
ed questions, can elicit the whole case, and get 
accurately to know and to be able to report 
ui^ere the pati en t is. 

I know a verj' clever physician, of large dis- 
pensary and hospital practice, who invariably 
began his examination of each patient with 
** Put yonr finger where you be bad," That 
man would never waste his time with collecting 

* This i» tmportant, b^ckusei on thJA depends wbmt th* 
tcTOedy wJU he. If « pfttlcnt nWpt two or thre« honn 
eurly tn the tiJght. and then doe* not Bleep t^i4n ai all, 
ten to otw It It not a DKrcotl<] he wanU, but food or itlm- 
ulus, or perlii^a ooly wimnth. If, on the oth*3 r h*ud. he 
im r«vtl0H ind swfttei all nl^ht, moA U droniry In (ha 

noAi, or medit^kics, «. \i«^YkV&T tixt^., «t 1^ \j3m, "S^^i^ *Jii» 
doctOE should be tQ^aia^a* oiViffl caa^Kssi \\k&%ib^N»^ >«* 
gLv«f 



538 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



insurur.iti- inf.>riiiatiou from nurse or patient. 
Li-iiilin^' iiui'stions ulwiiyH oolh'ct iuaccunitu in- 
foriiiation. 

At .1 r«M'i.nt I'l'li'hrrtttMl Iriul, tho following 
li'.'iiliii.: jpirstitm was put Kucofssivrly to nine 
ilistiiiLiiiishiiliiu'ilij-al imu: ■•('anyuu attribiito 
thfsf syiuptoiiis to unylhini» «•!>«• but poison V" 
Aiiil iMit ot" tho nin»*. li^'ht answrreil "No!'* 
without any qualitiiMtitui whatt-ver. It appi-ar- 
t'»l. upiiu «'ross-»'\auiinati<m: 1. That nono of 
thiin li:iil rv:r sfon a caso of the kiml of i)oi- 
st)niii-_r supposttl. 2. That none <»f thrui had 
I'Vir sii n u iMst- of th«' kind of discasf in whirh 
th«' diath. if not to poison, was uttrihutahle. 
''^. That iMMw ni' thfui wiro i-vtii awart- of the 
main f.it't t»f thn discas«' and ronilition to whii'h 
th«' di's. asf was attrihutahht. 

Swr.ly notl>in« str<»n«,'<;r can be adduced to 
pr«>vi- Nsliat use K-adinj; quostiouH are of. and 
what t!i.y had to. 

I I lad rather not say how many instances I 
ha\i- Known, whi-re, owinj^ to this systt-ni of 
hadiii'j iiiii-stioiis, the ]>aticnt has died*, and the 
atf.iid lilts have been actually unaware of the 
pnii.ipal feature of the case. 

If IS usrlrss to i^o throu«»h all the particulars, 
besidis sj.'cp. in wliich jieojihi have a jHculiar 
talfiif t.,|- i^'liaiiinj,' inaccurate information. As 
to r.M„i. t,,r iiistani'e. I often think that most 
eiMiihioii ,|nisiion. How is your apju-tite? can 
oiil\ !•. put because the questioner believes the 
*|"' 'fio'ii'd has really niithini,' the matter with 
luiii. uhi.his very often the c:use. Hut where 
tlieii' i,, till' remark holds j,'ch>iI which has been 
ina'lf idioiit sliep. The sann' answer will often 
be mail" at re^anls a patient who eannut take 
two ninic.s of solid food per diem, and a pa- 
tent wiio do.'s not enjoy tivo meals a day as 
iiiMi-li as iisiud. 

Ai:aiii. the t|uestif>n. How is your aj^petite? 
I » oHi II piit when How is your digestion? is the 

• |Ut.ilioii mi'unt. No doubt the two thiu'^s de- 
p- ii'l on fill,* anothiT. Hut they are ipiite dif- 
!• I'lit Many a patient can eat. if you can only 
"t'liipl his appetite." The fault lies in your 
hoi Immii-: j^'ot him the thiu;^' that he fancies, 
lint many another patient iloes not care betwiiii 
(Oiipi .and turnips everytliing is e«pially dis- 
tie.l. 111! 1,, him. lb' wouid try to eat anythim^ 
whii h would do hiui gt>od: Init evirythin^ 
" undo s him >\ or.se." The fault here i;enerally 
In ■ Ml the c«»(»kin.Li. It is not his ••appetit**" 
uhuli iiipuiis '• teinptini:.*' it is his divjesiion 
whi.-h it.piin-* spariu;,', Auil tn>od sick oook- 

• I V will '.aNi* the dii^'estitui halt" Us work. 

rill ii> niav be four iliiVerent cauMS. any one 
of whiih Will produce the same result, vi/. . ihe 
pal I. Ill slowly starviu',' tt> ileaih from want of 
null iiioii. 

I. !>• led in co«ikini»: 

'J. I>efrct in choice of diet; 

'.\. hifect in choice of h.)urs for t.ikiui^ diet: 

I. l>eiicl of appetite in patient; 
Yet all the.se are gen<'rall> ctMnprehended in tho 
lUii* -sweepiiit^as.scrtitui that the patient has "no 
appetite." 

Sur» ly many lives mit^ht be savt»d by drawin-:; 
a cloN.T di«<linction; tor the renndiri .ire .is di- 
veisi' as th«» cause's. The remedy f.>r the lirsi 
is to cook better: for the secon»b to choose .»ther 
artit'les of diet: for the third, to watch for the 
/i«'M/v ii?if'n tho />a(ieiit is in want of fo.»d; for 
Uw fourth, to show him what ho likes, auA some- 



times unexpectedly. But no one of these reme- 
dies will do for any other of the defects not 
corresponding with it, 

I cannot too often repeat that patients arc gen- 
erally either too lan^'uid to ob.serve th*.*se thiugH, 
or too shy to speak about them; nor is it well 
that they should be m id»! to observe them, it 
fixes their attention upon themselves. 

A^ain, I say, what is the nurse or friend there 
for exce]>t to take note of these thing<», instead 
of the patient doing so? 

It is commonly su^)posed that tho nurse i.s 
then> to spare the patient from making physical 
I exertion for himself I would rather say that 
, she ought to be th^re to spare him from taking 
thought t(»r himself. And I am quite Hure. that 
if the patient were spired all thought for him- 
self, ami not spared all ])hysical exertion, he 
would be intinitely the gainer. The reverse is 
generally the case' in the private house. In the 
hospital* it is the relief from all anxiety, afforded 
I by the rules of a well-regulated institution, 
I which has often such a beneficial ttfect uiwn 
! the patient. 

I Again, the tjuestion is sometimes put. ••Is 

I there diarrhea?" And tho answer will he the 

siime. whether it is just merging into choUra, 

I wheth-r it is a trifling degree brought on by 

I some trilling indiscretion, which will cease the 

moment th»* cause is removed, or whetlu^r there 

■ is no diarrhea at all. but simply relaxed bowels. 

It is us.less to multi])ly instances ot this 

I kind. As long a«* observation is so little culti- 

I vated as it is now. I do believe that it is better 

I for the physician not to see the friends of the 

]»atient at all. They will oftener mi^lead him 

'. than not. And as often by making the patient 

out worse as better than he really is. 

In the case of infants. ever>tliing must de- 

: pend upon the accurate observation of tho nurse 

I or mitther who has to report. And how siddom 

is this couilition of accuracy fulfilled. 

A celebrated man. though celebrated only for 
foolish things, has told us that one of his main 
objects in the education «>f his son, was to give 
him a rea ly habit of accurate obs- rvatiun. a 
<-ertainty of j>ereeption. and that for this pnr- 
, ]>o<«f one of his means was a month's course as 
follows: He took the boy rapidly i>iist a toy- 
' shop: tin- father and son then descriln-d to each 
oth»-r as many of the objects as thej' could, 
whieh they had snu in p.issing the windows, 
noting them down with pencil and i»aiK*r, and 
rcturnini: afterwards to v« rify their own accu- 
racy. The boy always Huecteded be.«>t. r*. »/., if 
the' father described V»i) objects, the boy diil 40, 
and .<cari"ely ever made a mistake. 

I have ofn»n thi>ught how wise a piece of 
education this wouM be for much higher ob- 
jects; and in our calling of nurses the thing 
its.'lf is esst-ntial. Yov it nniy safely be saiil, not 
that th«' habit of ready and correct observation 
will by itsvlf make us useful nurses, but that 
without it we sliall be useless with all our devcH 
tion. 

1 have known a nurse in charge of a set of 
wards, who not »>nly cairied in her head all the 
liiib- varit tiesin thediets which each patient was 
all«»w»d to fix for himself, but also exactly what 
e.iv'h patient had taken during each day. I have 
known another nurse in charge of one single 
p.itient, whv> took away his meals day after daj 
v'Cil W\. \\iiVo\i<!\i<id^ \Uid never knew it. 



The Sanitary Commismti Bii&din. 



539 



If jon ftnd it helps 70T1 to note ddWB iooli 
things on a bit of paper, in pencil, bjftU mfi&nt 
do so. I ibink it more often kintits than 
^ringthens the memorj and obaeTvatloiL But 
if jon cannot get the hftbit of observation one 
wmj or the other, joti had better sfi^e up being 
ft Dnrsep for it ie not jonr callingf nowever bind 
w^A aiLEionB yon maj- be. 

Sttrely yon can leam at least to judge with 
thti £je how maeh iin ounc^ of solid food i^ 
how Dinch an ouuce of liquid. Ton irili ^nd 
tMfl he]p8 your obfiervation and memory veir 
tnnch, jou "wiU then aay to yourself. ** A, took 
abont an ounce of his meat 'to-day;" **B. took 
tiii«t timefl in "lA hours about \ pint of b^ef 
tea;'" instead of saying '' B. has taken nothing 
all day ;" or " I gare A. his dinner M u^uaU ' 

I have known seTeinl of ouf real old-fashion- 
ed hotipital *' sietera," who could, as acenmtely 
as a meoaujing glaas, meaanre out all their pa^ 
tienla' wine and medicine by the eye, and never 
be wr&ng. I do not recommend thiei, one mUBt 
be very «are of one's self to do it I only men* 
tlofi ii htfcmam if a nurse can by practice tnea- 
Ktffl medidiift by the eye, sdrely she is no 
mamb who caanot meaiure by the eye abomt 
Ifcow much food (in ounce) her patient ha:i 
taken. In hoa|»itiik tho«e who cut up the dielit 
ffive with snffl«ient accuracy, to hi» patient, his 
12 ounces or his 6 ounces of meat mtlioul 
vii^ng. Yet a unrse will oft^i have patie&ta 
l^tttbing all food aad itioapahle of any will to 

St w«lt who Jnst tauible over the contentii of 
a plate or dip the spoon in the cup to deceive 
the nurse, and she will take it away withont 
erer seeing that there is jnst the same quantity 
of food as when she brought it, and she will teft 
the doctor, too, that the piitieut has eaten all 
Ms diets as usual, when all Hhe ou^ht to have 
m^aiit is that she has taken away his diets as 
uanaL 

Now what kind of a nurse is this? 

I would call attention to something else, in 
which nurses ffequendy fail in obaervation. 
Thef9 is a weO-marked disrinction between the 
«xciUble and what 1 wUl call the accumuktivo 
tamfMUMQent in patient?}. One will blaze up at 
ODOi^ tmder anv shock or anxiety, and tilei^p 
ym^ ooQtfortably after it; another will seem 
m£im calm and even torpid, under the Bamti 
akoek, aod people say, '*He hardly felt it at 
1^** yet yo<Q will find him some time after 
dnwlj atnUng. The aame remark applies to 
lb« ACttfm of narcotics, of aperients, wLlch, in 
Hia 0]i«^ tike effect directly, in the other not 
parhapt ibr twenty«four hours. A journey, a 
vi^t, an unwonted exertion, wiU afftict th^ one 
inusediatdy, but he recovers after it; the other 
htfm it Tei7 well at the time, apparently, and 
die* or m proatmted for life by iL People oflen 
aay how difflonlt the excitable temperament is 
to manage, I say how difficult m th« accumu- 
lAtive temperament With l he first you have 
ma ont-break which you could anticipate, and it 
la all over With the second jou never know 
whirre you are —you never know when tbe con- 
sequences are over. And it n-qu ires your closest 
ob«erration to kaow what are the consequences 
of what — for the consequent by no meana fol- 
lows immediately upon the anteoedenl--and 
WMxm observation is utterly at &nlt— ^m 



PROTECTIVE 

OF TSB 

STATE OF NEW TORE, 



OFFICE, 35 CHAMBERS STREET, 



Preeident* 
LrEUT,*GE2f. WmriELB SCOTT. 

Vice-Presidents. 
Hon. HAMILTON FI8H. 
JOHN J. CIHCO. Ef5Q. 
ADMIEAL DUPO^T; 
RUDOLPH A- WIT1HAU8. Esq, 

Treasurer* 
EOBT, B, MINTUBN, Esq, 

DixectorB, 

HoNB. E. D. MORGAN, GEORGE OPDYKE, 
HIBAH BARNEY, JAB. W. BEEKMAN. Bxw. 
H. W. BEIAOWS, D.D. Mksbs. JOHN JACOB 
ABTOIt. JAME8 BROWN, WlL H. ABPINWALL, 
JA8. GALLATIN, HOWARD POTTElL WM, E. 
PODGE, Jft., THEODORE ROOSEVELT, PETER 
COOFKR. GEORGE BANCROFT, DAKTEL LORD, 
WILBON G, HUNT, ROBT. L. STUART, ALFRED 
PELL. 

Apply in person or by letter, to 

HENRY OrffiENFLELD, ^'v, 

36 CHAMBBita Stbekt, Kew York. 



OBJECTS OF THE ASSOCLATION, 

Isl. To secure the soldiers and suihrs and 
their families^ an^ dmm&for pensions^ P^w 
or bounty^ e^., jf^ithoul eoU to ike clmmani, 

2d, ihproied 9Qldi€rB or $ailor« and their 
famiiieA J^om itnposture and fraud. 

ZiL To prevefii /(dte ckdfM from being 
mads again»i tks Goi>emmenL 

4iJi. To give graiuiious advice and infor^ 
malion to sot(Mir» mid Boilorx or tlieir /ami' 
Urn fieeding i$, 

THE MEEOlirrrLE MAMIE 
INSURANCE COMPANY. 

Hm, 3S Wall Sir«et, m«w "With, 

INCORPORATED APRIL, 1842. 
Assets over $1,400,000. 



UATUNE fend Tnlind TnajiportaUi^ii rl«k« «n ¥« 
Prei|(ht ftod U«rehaiidU« la^att^ cu the m&iX f^Tonbd* 
term*. 

P^1I«)« »» tunvd, k««, if »nj, |W|iblB In 0«kl, «f i4 
lti« mi» Af RATHBQNII, BUOTHEKi M W., Ut*fpt$iA, tT 

Lb thr ncrrip dfTtdf^ad af prt^flU, or rBcvlTe ao pquItiiidH 
e*Ah di^oftupt, tt thirLf own option- 
Tli* Hih of wkr eo?ftrtd at tin EdwmfI camiil rmlm, 

ELLWOOD W^ALTEE, Fres'L 
CHA5. NEWCOMB, Vic«-Pf«i't. 



540 



The Sanitary Commission Btdletin. 



THE U. S. SANITARY COMMISSION 
Was constituted by the Socretary of War in 
Jane, 18G1, in accordance with the recommen- 
dation of the Surpeon-General of the U. 8. 
Army, and itH appointnu-nt and plan of orpani- 
zatiou wf-re approved by the President of the 
United States. Its present organization is as 
follows: 

H. W. Bellows, D.D., New York 

A. D. Ba<;he, LL.D., Washington, D. 0. 

F. L. Olmsted, California. 

George T. Strong, Esq. , New York. 

Elisha Harris, M.D., New York. 

W. 11. Van Buren. M.D., New York. 

A. E. Shiras, U. 8. A- 

R. C. Wood, Assistant Surg.-Gen*l U. 8. A. 

Wolcott Gibbs, M.D., New York. 

H. G. Howe, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

C. K. Agnew, M.I)., New York. 

J. S. Nrwbrrrv, M.D., Cleveland, Ohio. 

lit Hoy. T. .Nf. Clarke. ProWdence. R. L 

Hon. It. W. Burn<'tt, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

lion. .Mark Skinner, Chicago, 111. 

Hon. JoHi-ph Holt, Washington, D. 0. 

Honu'i. Hinn<*y, Jr., PhiladtUjihia, Penn. 

Hi'v. J. H. Hcfywood, Louisville, Ky. 

J. Huntington Wolcott, Boston, Mass. 

Prof. Frtirnian llogers, Philadelphia, Penn. 

C. J. Stills. 

Ezra B. McCagg, Chicago, HI. 

OFFICEBS: 

H. W. BollowH, D.D., Pr(5Mi«lent. 

A. I). Baclif, LL.I)., Vic«!-PreHidont. 

(h'.ori^ti T. Htrong, Tniasurrr. 

J. J'DMtcr JiMikiiiH, M.D., Oitncral Heorctary. 

J. H. Nrwhcrry, M.I)., AHHOiriate Socretary. 

J. H. I)oii;<laH* M.D., AsHoeiato Socretary. 

F. N. Kiiapp, AsHociato St^crotary. 

STANDI NO COMMITTEE. 

Henry W. Brllows, D.D. 
(ti'(iri;o. T. Stroll^'. 
Williiiiii H. Van IJuron, M.D. 
Wolcott (iibbs, M.D. 
C. U. Agiiow, M.D. 



HOSPITAL DIRECTORY. 

Tho Kaiiitary C<>miniHi«ion han mode arrangements 
for BupplyinB Information Rratnitously, with regard to 
patientH in all tho United SUU-a General Hospitals. 

For iiifonnation relative to patients in the Ilospitals in 
New York, Ncm^ Jersey, tlio Now England States, East- 
em Virginia, Maryland, DiHtriet of Columbia, North 
Carolina, South Carolina, Florida and Louisiana, address 
"Office of Sanitary Commission, Washington, D. C." 

For tho Hospitals in Pennsylvania, address "Office of 
Sanitary Commission, No. 1,307 Chestnut Street, Phila- 
delphia." 

For the Hospitals in Western Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois, Mi.ssouri, Iowa, Kentucky. Tennessee, Missis- 
sippi, and Arkansas, a<ldress "Office S.iuitary Com- 
mission, Louisville, Ky." 

In all cases the name, rank, company, and regiment of 
the person inquired for should be given, and where he 
was when last heard from. If the application is by letter, 
the answer will be sent by return of mail ; if in person, 
it will be answered at once ; or if by telegraph, an 
answer will be returned Immediately at the inquirer's 
expense. 

49- Soldiers' Aid Societies, clergymen, editors, and 
Others, can scarcely serve the cause of humanity more 
effectually than by frequently and widely disseminating 
a knowledge of the above, among those who have friendi 
In tbetkrmy. 



SUPPLY DEPARTNfENT. 
The Sanitary CommiBBicm^ under spedAl antfaofw 
ity of the President of the United Stales, msintsiBi 
an extcriaive system of agencies for securing the 
safe conveyance to, and distribntion of, goods pot 
in its charge for the sick and wounded at pomts 
where they are most wanted. It operates with 
equal caro and generosity at all points — at New Orw 
leans and at Washington, before Charleston and at 
Chattanooga— its distributions being gOTemed by s 
comparison of the wants of the patients in all cases. 
The following is a list of depots, to which auxiliary 
societies, and all disposed to aid the sick and 
wounded, without reference to Stat'is or localities, 
but simplT to their relatire necessity for assist- 
ance, are mvited to send their oflTeriiigs: 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 18 Wast 
Street. Boston, Mass. 

Sanitarr Commission, Branch I>epot, No. 10 3d 
Avenue, New York. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 1,807 
Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 46 
South Sharp Street, Baltimore. Ud. 

Sanitary Commission, Brancn Depot, comer Vine 
and Sixth StroeU, Cincinnati, O. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 86 
Bank Street. Cleveland, O. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 66 Mad- 
ison Street, Chicago, UL 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 2 Ad- 
am's Block, BufTaio, New York. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 69 4th 
Street, Pittsburg, Penn. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 32 Lar- 
ned Street, Detroit, Mich. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Golumboi, 
Ohio. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Fifth Street, 
Louisville, Ey. 

The Commission receives no pecnniarr aid whaU 
ever from the Government, and is wholly depend- 
ent on the voluntary contributions of the pubuo for 
the means of sustaining its operations. Contriba- 
tions to the Treasury are solicited, and may be 
transmitted to George T. Strong, Esq., Treasurer, 
68 WaU Street, N. Y. 



RELIEF DEPARTMENT. 

Qeneral Saperintendent, Bev. F. N. Knapp, Wsshlofl* 
ton. D. C. ChiefAaaiatant. J. a Abbott 

Soldier*' Home, near Baltimore Railroad Depots Wasb> 
ington, D. C. 

Soldier's Lodge. 76 Kingston Street, Boston. 

Lodge No. 4, H Street, between 18th and 14th Streets. 

Lodge No. 6, Maryland Avenue, near Railroad Statioo. 

Nurses' Home. Washington, D. C. 

Soldiers' Home. Third Street, east of Broadway, dn- 
dnnati, Ohio— CoL Q. W. D. Andrewa, Sup't. 

Soldiers' Home, Cairo, IlL— O. N. Shipman, Sup't and 
Belief Agent. 

Soldiers' Home. Louisville. Ky.— James Malona, Sup't 
James Morton, Special Relief Agent 

Soldiers' Home, Naahville, Tenn.— L. Orane, Sup't and 
Belief Agent 

Soldiers' Home, Ck>lambi]s, Ohio , Sap't 

Soldiers' Home. Cleveland, Ohio— dark Warren, Sap't 
and Itelief Agent 

Soldiers' Lodge, near landing, Memphis, Turn.— G.W. 
Christy, Sap't and Relief Agent 

Soldiers' Lodge, Vicksbnig, Miss.— T. Way, Supt 

AOEMCT roa PENSIOira. 
William F. Bascom, Pension Agent Washington, D. 

BOSPTTAI. CABS. 

Between Washington and New York— SoL Aadrswi^ 
M. D., Surgeon in charge. 

Between New York and Boston, via Springfleld. 

Between Lonisville and Morfreeslxwo* — ut, J. P. BliV> 
nam. Surgeon in charge. 

SAMXTAXT fxmum. 
Oomberlsnd Blver- New DobIsIIIl 




The Sanitary Commisaioa SuBetin. 



541 



FRED'O S. COZZENjS, 

WliE MEiOHUNf 

73 ff*«rrefi Street^ J%*ew Vork^ 

(Oppgsite Hudeoa River R. R. Depots) 

AND 

PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, Washington, D. C. 

(Two doors from WiDordV.) 

Ina.x>c>irteca.^\A7'li3.es,^B]rArL<Ues, dbo., 

OP THE PURKST QUALITT, FOli 

MEDICINAL AND SANITARY PURPOS-:^, 

&Qch ai are extensive Ij used la tbe 

UNITED STATES HOSPITi^LS 

A^d by tbe SANITARY COMMISSIOlSr. 

ALSO, AMERICAN WINES OF THE HIGHEST GRADES. 

Sole Agent in Kt^w Y^ork and WaE^hrngton for 

Long worth's Sparkling and Still Catawba Wine, 
Brandies, etc, etc. 



iS> 



^%' STANi>4|j^ 




% 



<^ 



^ 



Adapted to every branch of business. 

MANUFACTURED ONLY BY THE ORIGINAL INVENTORS, 

E. & T. FAIRBiNKS k CO., St. MnsTjuryj Vermont. 

PRINCIPAL WARKHOUSKS; 
PAIHBANKS A CO . No, 252 Broadway. New York, 
PAIR BANKS 8c BROWN No. 118 Milk Rtreet Boston. 
PA1RBAT^K3, GHEi^Nr.eAF A CD, Ho 172 T^ak© Street. ChlcagD, 
PAIRBANKS & EWINQ. Maa^ulo Hall. Pbiladelphla, 
FAIRBANKS & CO^ No. 216 Baltimoro Street, Baltimore, 

T>e!!cfipti?e circnlara farciahed or in ailed to any addrasip on apptieatioii to either of 
the al)OTe. 



ii 



542 



The SanUary Commission BvJUe/in. 



RECEIVED 

TWO PRIZE MEDALS 





(FROM JURIES 3 AND 4) 

AT THB 



INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, 



Being Sole Awards gained by anything of the kind. It also received Saperlative Report of 
*« EXCEEDING EXCELLENT FOR FOOD.*' 



MAIZENA, 

At the GREAT INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION at HAMBURG, July, 1863, reoeiyed 
the highest Prize Medal for its great delicacy as an article of food. 

MAIZENA, 

At the FAIR of the NEW YORK STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY, at Utioa, N. T., 
September, 1868, received both Diploma and Mbdaii. 

MAIZENA, 

AT THB 

Pennsylvania State Fair at Norrlstown, 

Oct. 3, 1863, took Gold Medal. 

<< MAIZENA" has also taken the first premium at the Ahebioan Instttutie, Nevr York 
City; New Jerset State Faib at Trenton, and at other places — ^in every instance vhero 
it has been exhibited. 

*' MAIZENA" has never failed to receive the highest award when placed in competi- 
tion with Com Starch and all articles of like character, after a thorough Microscopical 
and Analytical Examination of disinterested judges. It therefore stands commended to 
the public as the best article of its kind in the world without any comments of the mann- 
facturer. 

MAIZENA, 

For Puddings, Cakes, Custards, Blanc Mange, &c., without isinglass, with few or no egga^ 
at a cost astonishing the most economical. It is also excellent for thickening sweet sancefl^ 
gravies for fish and meat, soups, &c. For Ice Cream, nothing can compare with it. A 
Httle boiled in milk will produce rich cream for Cojffee, Chocolate, Tea, «c. 

Put up in one pound packages, under the trade mark "Maizena," with direotiona 
for use. 

A most delicious article of food for children and invalids of all ages. For sale \ij 
Grocers and Druggists everywhere. 

WHOLESALE DEPOT, 166 FULTON STREET. 

WM. D1JRYEA« Genera! Airent« 



The Sanitary Commiadon BvOMn. 543 

NORTH AMEBICAN 

Fire Insurance Company, 

IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK. 
OFFICE, No. 114 BROADWAY. 



IN"OORI»OTIA.TED 1823. 

CASH CAPITALtMayl,) 

AND SURPLUS, I 1864, }*o<»»"^4 ^^ 



JOOOOC 



ASSETS: 

Loans on Bond and Mortgage, being first lien on Real Estate, 

worth over Fifty per cent, above the amount loaned $173,160 00 

Stocks, Bonds and other Securities owned by the Company, mar- 
ket value 365,960 00 

Cash in Bank and Office 24,232 15 

LiOAns on demand with collaterals. 71,400 00 

Premiums due and outstanding 3,820 81 

Gaah in Agents' hands in course of transmission [business of April 

received] 13,491 57 

Interest accrued on Securities 21,684 60 

Other Property of Company 1,2()5 00 

$675,014 13 

unadjusted $10,500 00 



Ingures Property against Loss or Damage by Fire at usual rates, 
and returns three-fourths of the net Profits, each year, to the As- 
sured. 

Policies Issued and Losses paid at the Office of the Company, or at 
its various Agencies in the principal cities in the United States. 

JAMES W. OTIS, President. 

R. W. HLEECKER, Secretary. 
R. F. MASON, Sup't Agencies. 



544 



Thi Sanitary Commission BtiUdin. 



OFFICE OF THE 



O^oIumWrnt (^mm) §mmmm 

C O M P A N X , 

CORNER OF WALL AND NASSAU STREETS. 



CASH CAPITAL, 



S1,000,000. 



From Statement for the Sixth Fiscal Year, ending December 81, 1863. 

Total Amount of Assets, January 1, 1864 $3,140,930 80 

Total Amount of Premiums 3.252,256 76 

Excess of Earned Premiums over Losses, Ac 1,137,063 83 

Reserve for Estimate Claims Unadjusted and other ContiDgeucies 441,206 49 

Guaranteed Cash Dividend to Dealers, (holding certificates of same) on 
Paid Premiums Earned during the Year, whether Loss has Accrued 

or not 269,614 80 

Scrip Dividend to Dealers, on Earned Premiums 15 per cent. 

Dividend for the Year to Stockholders 26 per cent. 



LOSSES PAID IN GOLD npon Risks on which the Premium is paid in like Cnrreai^. 



DEALERS WITH THIS COMPANY will be allowed the option (to be 
signified at the time of application for insurance) of receiving in lieu of scrip, at the end 
of each year, RETURNS IN CASH, (guaranteed by certificate) of premiums paid and 
earned during the year, whether loss accrues or not, upon all new risks under the NEW 
YORK FORM OF POLICY, as follows: 

1st. Upon all VOYAGE Risks upon CARGO, a return of TWENTY-FIVE 

PER CENT. 

2d. Upon VOYAGE Risks upon FREIGHT, a return of TWENTY per cent. 
3d. Upon TIME Risks upon FREIGHT, and npon VOYAGE and TIME Risks 
upon HULLS, a return of TEN per cent. 

Such privilege, however, being confined to persons and firms, the aggregate of whose 
premiums u])on such policies earned and paid during the year, shall amount to the sum of 
one hundred dollars. 

DIRECTORS. 



f:i)ward rowe, m. f. merick, 

lumkl w. lord, wm b, ogpen, 

glorue miln, john armstrong, 

john atkinv^)n, b. c. morris, 

thos. a. c. ("ochrane, andrew j. rich, 

WM. H. IIALSI-nr, PAN'L W. TKl.LER, 

TIUJS. BARR »N, JOHN D. BATRS. Jr.. 

ROLAND G. MITCHELL, CH ARISES UI(;K0X, 

ALBERT O. LEE. ROBERT BO»VNE, 

GWJRGE P. DESHON, LAWRENCE MYERS, 

O L. MMS, 8. N. DERRICK, 

THOS. LORD, Vice-President. 



MOSFS UERICE, 
DAVID J. ELY, 
JOSEPH MORRISON, 
WM. H. IXJPHAM, 
B. C. MORRIS, Jb , 
EZRA NYE, 
HENRY J. CAMMANK, 
THOMAS LOR'>, 
ROBERT S. HOLT, 
J. B. GRIFFIN. 



B. C. MORRIS^ President. 



"WM. M. WHITNET, 2d Vioo-Presideiit and Beoretaiy. 



THE 



SANITARY COMMISSION 
BULLETIN. 



Vol. I. 



NEW YQRK, JULY 15, 1864. 



Njo. 18. 



CONTENTSw 

Page, 

Two MojrrHs' Wokk rx Vmo^^A. ,. 6d5 

PoDfT OF Vtfiw *,*.,: 54a 

Scsras A^ru Ihcidkicts. - MS 

AMirfcOEMmca... 550 

Pwjj TOOK I^nrmAs .* 654 

&A3nTAST QA&0E59 AT CHATTANOOGA . . . , . 6S5 

TlG^TiKOSiT Of atraaaos Habt ,*. 65G 

GiLinafis or MoBTAurt m UoanrM^ . > - 557 

Opsrktioiui in Georgia .,.,..,,,. . , . , . 5B1 

Oper»tkina in Misifiasippi. 563 

Tha CoumuaBtoa on the James Biver and 
the Ap[M>iimttoi> . , , - . 5G4 

T^mxom or Dn^ WnEEL^AiaET. 564 

brrsft Fib03t Jonst Btdast Misl- ^ . . * 564 

KoTEao?t 5iDB3is(»*. *.... ..,t.. 570 



0fi C^ jirvC amlj{ftmti£h of eaety tnoi^ and as U 
Aoi tf cirmi^iort, iTTOluftoiiji or^heTt ofabooti 14,000 
tqpfri^ if ojferw an wiuMuadtf valui^jie in/ediuTn for 
cdBiTtitiA^. 

AU convntiniciUioni rmist b& ad^lresaed to Ute M- 
Cor, Ql tht ojlcr^ 833 Broaditiay, and mujrf be au- 
^imiUCQii^ hythA tuj.mmat\d addt-i^es of the writer a ^ 

Am tKM coniimtafice qf the ptMicaHon qf the Bul- 
SCfnt i» uticeriain^ depmdmff on thai qf tJie itsar, 
«Md on the reaoun^tf qf the U, S. SauUary Conv- 
Wii§Han--ihe Standifig OamrnHlee feeU a certain de- 
^Fm ^ rdwianM to fs/tct^ iubsaripiionafor U^-and 
Um^ to ptedf^e the CouwiissUm to U» Uauefor a 

Th0 Oi^ff^mittee tmdgrtland^ kotcerer, ifiai $ome of 
th^J^iendM to who^n U ii fvas tenl gratuiiQu^^^ e^ 
prtm a wHih to pay for it, aiui iii$u ^i^i'^fore give 
motitm ihiii the #i«m of tt^ doUars^ renUlted to the 
JVisMMrer, (0, T* Stbono. 68 WaU Street, or Nq, 
833 Broad*j^yf N^eto York J wtU mcure U^ being sent 
ft) mu!h <?cm£rj&utor during the rematjider qf the c^ir* 
Ttni yeoTf tprfow itM pt^bjicolfon be sooner dirnxm^ 
9himd, 

YOb L— No. 18. 85 



TWO MONTH'S WOBK IK \TRGINIA- 




The entire expenditur© in money for tli* 
whole work of the Commiflsioi], Eoi^t^ South 
and West, waa 

ElMi^r ,»99a.8»».Tr 

In June 252,270.aT 



Total Tar two montha $Glfi,ni.«A 

It fihonld be conaiderod that during %> 
cnmpaign, characterized h^ the freqaen<^ 
of ita change of base, the relative cost of 
transportation is much id creased. Tb# 
single item of charter of vessela, from thm 
scarcity growing out of chiims of GoTem- 
ment servioe, necessarily beoomes a -fisqr 
large one, 



546 



Hie Sanitary Commission BuUeUn. 



It may be noticed that the amount of 
rapplics contributed to the CommisBion in 
kind, during June, was but about one- third 
the value of similar contributions in May. 
Hence the necessity of direct money ex- 
penditure from the Treasury. 

Owing to the pressing call for anti-scor- 
butics, the Commission have recently issued 
very largely of vegetable food, as is shown 
by the following list of supplies forwarded 
during the month of June. 
t07.1661bii.canncd tomatoea, '16,218 galU. unr krani. 



(ovor 103 tons.) 
16,060 Iba. canned fruit. 
674 cauii •• Jclliet. 

36,273 gallH. pickled cucum- 

berH, (ttbuut 1,200 bbla. 
13.334 e&llx* pickled onion b. 
4,710, " " tomatoea. 

1.10G " curried cabbage. 



100 bbls. frtah onions. 
70 bbla. iMtatoea. 
242 bbls. driftd applen. 
3'i •• other dried fruit 
301 boxes U'nions. 
2.400 boxes i»or table lemon- 
ade. 
25 boxes orangea. 



This includes the lot distribute<l on the 
8d iust., which reached the men in the 
trenches in time for their Independence 
day dinner. During the last fortnight 
prices of vegetables have been proportion- 
ately much larger than hitherto. Three 
steamers and a barge have already sailed 
for the army with an aggregate cargo of 
over 5,000 barrels of vegetables and delica- 
cies. 

Every precaution has been taken by the 
Commission to insure an accurate, compre- 
hensive, and impartial distribution of their 
precious contributions to the dietarj' of the 
army. 

(Jen. Grant has. always highly opproved 
the work, ond has given it his aid, order- 
ing additional trausix^rtation to enable the 
Commission trains to go at once to the 
front, and as near the trenches us possible. 
The plan of distribution has bet'u to send 
the wagons either to coq>s or division com- 
mandrrs, in charge of an adoquute number 
of the relief agc-nts of the Commis-sion. 
The commander of each respoctive coi^is 
divisii)!! having detailed an oflicor from his 
staff to attend, sends the wagons to the 
rear of their trenches, and their contents 
are given to the men, either in the works, 
or as they return after dark to the camps 
of the lieserves. 

The enthusiasm is always great when it 
becomes known that such abundant sup- 
plies of acid fruits and vegetables are to bo 
di^itributed in the trenches. 
It in iUOioultior the inexperienced readoT 
to form a fiu^cientijprofoand appreciation 



of the value of this anti-scorbutio food. 1% 
should be remembered that the Army of 
the Potomac, having passed through a 
campaign of the severest character, having 
depended mainly for food upon the fight- 
ing ration of pork, hard bread and coffee, 
arrived before Petersburg in a state of 
great exhaustion. Every consideration of 
humanity, patriotism and military economy 
made it the duty of the Commission to 
give it at once such aid and comfort as their 
experience and means rendered possible. 
They knew that the sickness and mortality 
rates would inevitably increase unless the 
exhausted bodies of the soldiers could be 
brought rapidly under the influence of 
well-selected anti-scorbutics. They, there- 
fore, sent to the army a sufficient quantity 
and variety to give every man a daily ration 
of fresh food for at least ten days. The 
above lists will show the principal articles 
distributed; the quantities stated do not^ 
however, show the entire issues to date, as 
all the returns are not yet in. A complete 
report of this work will be presented in due 
time to the public, whose almoner the 
Commission is. 



THE S.\NITAUY C0.\13I[SSI0N FROM A 
FKENCII POINT OF VIEW. 

The Rerue des Deux Mondes, for May 1, 
has a long and eloquent article on the San- 
itary Commission and its>vork; and though 
most of its facts are, of course, familiar 
enough to our readers, the comments of an 
intelligent French critic upon an organiza- 
tion, which, to anybody with the ordinary 
French ideas of the relations of the people 
and the Government, must seem one of the 
strangest facts of the day — must contain 
a vast deal that is in the highest degree 
interesting. 

Speaking of that intense individualism 
to which the Commission owed its origin — 
the writer says: 

'* The great ]>roblem which political science 
has to solve in our age, is evidently to re- 
concile the personal initiative of the citizen 
with the prerogatives of the entire social 
body, represented by its Gk)vemment. * * 
Nothing but the long habit of liberty, 
in all countries in the world, will ever sof- 
&ce \a tnuce accurately the ever-shifting 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



547 



citizen from that of the State. It is then 
very important to stadj, from this poiut 
of yiew, the political cnstoms of those 
Boeietiea whose individaal members are 
distinguished in a high degree by the spirit 
of individaal initiative. The American re- 
public affords above all others the most re- 
markable examples of the right reserved by 
individuals of forming coalidons or inde- 
pendent associations, either for the purpose 
of giving their support to the Government, 
of turning it aside from a false path, or 
even of opposing it. A single man rises 
np, and sets on foot an agitation in favor 
of a reform or of an amelioration ; if his pro- 
jects are received by a certain number of 
citizens, they make common cause with 
him, furnish him with platforms, pulpits, 
newspapers, and never cease to struggle 
nntil either they have accomplished their 
object, or a sudden change in public opinion 
has modified their views. " 

" One of the most remarkable institutions 
produced by the spontaneous action of the 
American people, since the commencement 
of* the civil war, is the Sanitary Commis- 
sion, which, without waiting for,any appeal 
from the Government, was voluntarily estab- 
lished for the purpose of seeing after the 
health and material interests of the sol- 
diers, the cure of the wounded, and the 
support of the invalids. Citizens, women, 
children, without any other warrant than 
their patriotism, exercise surveillance over 
the conduct of the State, in that very one 
of its functions which it usually most 
jealously guards against intrusion — the 
organization of the national forces. Without 
fearing the relaxation of military discipline, 
they have their civilian agents, their doc- 
tors, their inspectors in the midst of all the 
armies. They plant their volunteer organ- 
ization in the camp in which the inflexible 
will of a general, sending his soldiers to 
victory or death, reigns as the supreme law. 
One sees, then, that the work of the 
Sanitary Commission is interesting, not 
simply as a work of patriotic charity; it 
deserves also to be studied with attention 
as one of the most curious results of indi- 
fidnal intiative." 

Of the share of the women in originating 
and carrying on the work of the Commis- 
gdan — the writer sajra: 



"The honor of having given the first 
impulse to this national work, belongs to 
the American women. The war had hardly 
begun when ladies' societies were formed 
in all parts of the Union, to aid the soldiers 
who responded to the President's call. Con- 
fused, naturally enough, by the rising tu- 
mult of the revolution, the female relatives 
and friends of the volunteers did not very 
well know how to act. They work some- 
what at random, without any systematic 
combination of their efforts. ♦ ♦ ♦ 

In a few days after the fall of Fort Sumter, 
before the civil war, which was destined to 
prove so sanguinary, had cost a single life, 
the American women were on foot in all parts 
of the Union, proving the sincerity of their 
patriotism by the abundance of their gifts. 
Most of the politicians at the North affect- 
ed to see in the rebellion, but an unimport- 
ant rising. Mr. Seward himself looked for 
its repression in ninety days; but the 
women, as if warned by a prophetic in- 
stinct, were preparing patiently for long 
years of struggle, of suffering, and of an- 
guish. 

* * * The accredited agents of the 
Commission with each corps are bound to 
make no distinction between soldiers from 
Miissachusetts and those from Illinois; be- 
tween Native Americans and emigrants from 
the old world, between whites and blacks; 
on the battle-field they have to refuse to 
see in the wounded they pick up and 
nurse, either unionists or rebels. Of aU 
the nurses provided by the Commission, 
those who best understand the mission of 
universal charity, on which they are sent, 
the most devoted, the most conscientious, 
the most beloved by the sick, are certainly 
the women. Many of them, following the 
exami^le given during the Crimean war by 
the excellent Miss Nightingale, have bid 
adieu to all attractions of happy homos, 
and of refined and elegant life, to conse- 
crate themselves to the service of military 
hospitals and ambulances. They prove by 
their acte that it is not only anxiety about 
their own salvation that can enable one to 
breathe without repugnance the tainted 
atmosphere of an hospital. An ardent love 
of country, avi^ w ^xoloxivA ^^xiMvoi^'^ ^'^ 
the Iratemity ol Vtio^ \i\>ssiaxL t»55.^, ^^t^ ^^ 
Ihat are ueed^ V> m^>L^ V^^sax ^kss^^Hivss^ 



54S 



The Sanitary Commission BuUeUn. 



easy; modest heroines of teiulerueas aad 
of grace, they fultill their mission with a 
joyous enthusiasm and simplicity which 
charms all hearts. When the war shall 
have ceased to desolate the United States, 
thousanils of soldiers of the two hostile 
armies, will remember with emotion the 
caro these women have bestowed on them." 

The article then enters at some length 
into an account of the organization of the 
Commission, ai;d its miiuner of working, 
and gives a number of details of the results 
it hiis accomx^lished, and then makes the 
following remarks ai)on its peculiarly 
American character: 

** One sees that the Sanitary Commission 
is a peculiarly American institution. 
There is no doubt the chiefs of the 
various European armies would not 
toK'rate at any price the formation of a 
free society of hospitallers, charging itself 
with the duty, not only of taking care of 
the sick and wounded, but of making army 
censuses; obtaining transportation for the 
soldiera; pursuing deserters;* examining 
the cause of punishments inflicted, and de- 
fending the interests of the troops, not 
only against speculators, but even in case 
of need, against the Government itself. In 
Eu gland, not less than on the Continent, 
any iissociation of individuals putting for- 
ward any such pretensions, would certainly 
be accused of madness or wickedness. So 
true it is, that American manners owe their 
pe^'uliarities rather to the long enjoyment of 
free institutions than to the Anglo Saxon or- 
igin of the people. After that t<?rrible Cri- 
mean winter, during which the English 
trooj)s lost one-half of their effective force, 
the British Government decided, it is true, 
to nppoint a Sanitary Commission, in order 
to save the remains of its army, which 
threatened to melt away entirely; but that 
Commission had to con tine itself to the re- 
organization of the medical department, 
and the recommendation of hygeinic pre- 
cautions. The European work which mobt 
resembles that of the American x^atriots, is 
that of the international association of 
nurses, established at Geneva, by M. Henri 
Dunant, Under certain aspects, the enter- • 

• •ntla im or ooone as error of the writer; the Com- 
fliw«w itoelf with BO mich duty.—^Edm.^ 



prise set on foot by this noble-hearted man 
is, perhaps, greater and more humane 
than that of the American Sanitary Com- 
mission, for it rises above the narrow con- 
siderations of local patriotiam, and hoists 
the flog of universal charity over all armies 
engaged in mutual slaughter; but does not 
this International Association of Belief, by 
the very extent of the plan which it traces 
out for itself, condemn itself to be misan- 
derstood? It has had o£Elcial encourage- 
ments, approvals, more or less vague, from 
various crowned heads, in abundance, but 
unfortunately it has not yet received the all- 
powerful support of popular enthosiafim.*' 

SCENES AND INCIDENTS. 

Abut of thx Potoxac, Jmu, 1864. 

Two men are before me. One of a ner- 
vous, irritable temperament, with a slight 
wound. His wife and family wiU be troub- 
led, his life is in danger, he must go home, 
he must have somebody to wait on him, he 
is fretful. It is his first hospital experi- 
ence; his first sickness from home. He 
will fall into line in a day or two, and be 
more cheerful. The example of brave znen 
about him will arouse his better nature, 
and he witt overcome his irritation. 

Another is a veteran. Has seen battles, 
fought in them, been in hospitals before. 
He has both legs amputated above the 
knees. Look at him. He is sitting up in 
his blanket, with a basin of water at his 
side and a sponge in each hand, pressing 
the water in little drops from the sponge 
on his stumps, to soften the dressings and 
have them ready for the surgeon to re- 
move. He turns upon his axis from side 
to side, wets his sponges, laughs at his 
stumps, calls them ** bully," and only wishes 
that he had two good wooden ones, that 
he might be ''on to Bichmond." 

A YOUNO IRISH SOIJ>I£B FROM PENKSTL- 
VANIA. 

Says one of the Belief Agents: ''As I sat 
in my room after the labors at the hospital, 
there was a modest rap at the door. I 
o])ened, and an Irish boy leaned against 
the post supporting one arm with the op- - 
posite hand. His only clothing, pants and 
shirt, were dusty and worn. He had nei- 
ther hat nor shoes, and had walked eleven 
miles from the field. The sweat of battle was 
still on his brow; a ball from the foe had 
penetrated his shoulder, and the pain of 
the wound was severe. In a tremnlous 
voice ho said, *' Please, sir, can I get some- 
thing to eat?" Hungry and his rations 
f^ou^, \kft "w^A \Ai2L&Ti in. and fed. His ward- 



The Sanitary Commission BvBetin. 



549 



bound Tip and restored. Tbe good thut 
waa done to the boy wae somethiug; the 
good to m6 went as deep as my hearL The 
good in thia work is imparked, but there is 
more of it received. *Itis more blessed 
to giye than to i^ceivc' *' 

A LAD FROM MAINE. 

He wflB \ ust fi f t^eu . Ttt o o f h in brothers 
bad fallen in buttJe; one waa still h^ft, iin- 
leaa he too had faJleo recently. Thia boy 
w»i wonnded in the hand, the left ear, and 
through the left thigh; the ball had broken 
the bone and cut the femoral artery. The 
boy wa.s a lovely one, of delicate frame, fair 
liair^ Bweet soft voice, and innocent exprea- 
sion. One evenLiig he had a severe bem- 
orrbage^ and the Burgeon determined to 
amputate. Ho beckoned to me, and siaiJ^ 
" They iire going to take off my leg; stand 
by me all the time; pray for mtt too." 
Chloroform waa administered, aud the Bur- 
geons gathered around. Upon roneT\ing 
tbe examination, it vas determin<id not to 
amputate, as there was no chunee for hia 
life. The infltienee of the chloroform pass- 
ed away, and bis lirKt inquiry was, ** la it 
off yet ?'' He found it vVii.s'not, learned 
the reason, aod looking t»ok*ninJy in my 
faee and raisiiig his hand, siaiil: '* Will you 
pray for me, pray for me, and when I am 
dead do not bury me in a blanket. Put me 
in a box, as my mother would do. Let it 
be done right" In a few hour^ he was 
sleeping in the arms of d«ath. His rest- 
ing-pliiec LH with his* cnmriideH. Hia coun* 
try has ha<l the baptism of bin young blooti, 
&nd to tbo canf^ of human freedom ho has 
aftcrificeJbis life. 



THE tTKSJfOWK. 

Wliile npoQ the wharf recently at Fort- 
ress Monroe, a gt^ntleman came to me and 
askt^d if it would be i>ofi.sible for him to ex- 
amine the records of the medical depart* 
ment, that he might prrs»ibly find tbe name 
of a relative, who Lad nofc'bucn beard of 
since the peninsular campaign of 1802. 
He w&s direct fd to the proper oflice, 
searched and found the nameofthe young 
man as having been in an hoHpital, ^e,, 
but the time and place of \nA burial ho 
could not discover- In the vvandering^ 
and search in gs of this gentleman among 
the graves of soldi era in diffi^reut places on 
the peninaidar be was niiablu to find any 
trace of tbe resting place of hia relative. 
He «aw, however, here and there written 
on the little hetul-board.s '* unknown;** and 
conscious that ho for whom ho sought was 
among them, he gave ui> the search as 
hopeless. Conversing tog<»thor on the sad 
feelingH which have beclouded many a 
home since the war began, and particii)at- 
ing himself to some extent in the same 
Afflictive dispensation, he wrote the follow- 
ing linec^ and presented them to me. 



THE tUTKNOW.'T. 

UnknQKm ! «£irl UUii aad word reconli tbo ftonfl 
Of <ma vhoK bruut rc4elv«cl tlie foQiiiui'« nt^el 

On hlii uatvinm!ixmm (aiTHi no aark^ no U4UU(*. 
Te4i1 of tlui disiroti^'a Uoiuc, Kvbu Btili ahail ku^ul 

And RiirFUcitc toT him m Hkther's thmu^^ ; 
Hfl died in tttt«ii|^r utos— ba died unkflown. 

Tjokxiown to her bla death, «Zid »hp wlU try 
With brL'4kLn4t httit tii hoIvc the mj^stery, 

'*Abiphdt tJjcHit kave^," wiu be tbe mirt n'pljf ^ 
And dmrkuT ftUU Uiu itifL-rt'iiL^ rn^y tie 

All near 1U» imme. One I ua prond ki ofni 
Hu tbU remmU for hn too dji;d u^Jbuwn. 

UaJuaoiin) dcfeqrlLT^ of oiir couatry'n life 
We bw onr hvMdK bud to th«^ betid thu ^m; 

Our Uiib IcHJlti* uiK ixyoDd thit fiArful strife, 
liiUi tbt' r^altnH of blest t^tt^ruity^ 

Wb^re IkmuKb the rat^rltN of uur ChrlHt tlim.9 
Bluad-wuliird *ni jc, wbo U«n? have, diwl unkntrmn, 

• 

While examining a fearfnl wonnd in a 
young soldier in one of the hospitala the 
other day, I was a^itonished at tbe rapid 
projgreas towards recovery, as well aw at tlio 
patient*H nntisuallyTij^oroita condition, con- 
side ring the nature of tbe wound— a com- 
pound fracture in ibo npper third of tbe 
right thigh , The folio wing statement whicli 
i he gave me accounts for this man's good 
fortune: He was wounded while in the 
skirmish line the 3-1 of June, at Coal Har- 
bor, Va. His comrades bad him carefully 
conveyed to the rear, and as Koon as per- 
mission coiUd be obtained after the battle, 
eight of those comrades nndertook tbe task 
of transporting him on a litter, borne upon 
tbeir own shoulders, from Coal Harbor to 
Whitehouae, 22 miles by the road tbey 
traveled, Car^ fully they kept stop as they 
went onward to tbe new base for the trans- 
ports, and when tliey reached tbe hospital 
boat in the Pamunkey Hirer the field littetr 
and ita precious burden were deposited 
without having been jostled or the wounded 
parts injured. The phy.'^icians promised 
thiit the noble objeet of thi?* tend it care 
should Vie transported to the hospital wharf 
at Washington, and from thence to some 
general hospital, withmit being disturbed 
from the carefully prepared bed upon 
which ho had been brought from the bat- 
tle field. Tbe pledge has been fultiUed, 
and if tbose affectionate comrades live to 
rcacb JefferHi>u County, N. Y. , again, thero 
is reason to believe tbey will find there the 
n oble m an who was born c upon their 
sbonldera from Coal Harbor to the White 
House. M, 

A 80Li>iEn*a smsciiiPTioN. 

One little incident shoidd be mentioned 
here which happened recently. A soldier 
handed us 82 to bo presented as a donation 
to the Commission. Rensoriy he had been 
taken good care of in a hospital by one or 
more of the agents there. Furthermore, 
he gives §2 every month, and intends to do 
80. The svii£e.i\ii^ «.c\OL\«t ^'jtC^. ^-^«t\si^ *^^ 
best 'witneaa qa \/d idHo \L^^\s2£ifiki&nR^ 



550 



The Sanitary Commission BvHetin, 



The thin shirts and drawers issued in 
such large quantities for a few days past, 
are just the thing. It is really refresuing 
to see the wounded men in the tents and 
all those who are able to hobble about, 
sporting thin white clothing, in place of 
those cruel, hot, dirty flannels. 

ANTI-SCOKBUTICS. 

Our readers may be pleased to see the 
following extracts from the Commission's 
Journal, kept at City Point, together with 
a few testimonial letters, indicating what 
we are doing in supplying the army with 
an ti scorbutic food. ^ 

On the 6th Dr. Douglas sent from City 
Point to the front 1,150 bbls. of vegetables, 
and 8,000 heads of cabbages, not less than 
one-half of which constituted the Commis- 
sion's part of the cargo of the **Belvi- 
dere," sent from New York by the Onion 
Fund Committee, under the direction of G. 
W. Blunt and Captain Charles G. Mar- 
shaU. 

As we write (July 8th) three Commission 
steamers are loading with vegetables, and 
will leave to-morrow. 

CiTT Point, Va., June 28, 1864. 

Capt. Harris' teams are loading up to- 
day for the Point, with large quantities of 
saur kraut, curry, pickles and dried apples; 
there has been, perhaps, one loaded with 
an assortment. There are 16 or 17 wagons. 

The troops in the vicinity and the army 
in front too are beginning to smell out our 
stores of an ti- scorbutics. Ten barrels of 
saur kraut were issued at the end of our gang 
plank yesterday, in small quantities. It 
seems to please the soldiers like a thanks- 
giving dinner. Hard tack and salt pork 
and beef will not satisfy the stomach for 
month after month, much less palate; these 
articles are here at the right time. 

June 39. 18M. 

Two wagon loads of fresh vegetables went 
to the front this P. M. ; cabbages, radishes, 
beans, peas, &c., to the 9th Army Corps, 
20 barrels. 

The Commission is now doing splendid 
work in the front; it may now pour in a 
stream of its supplies into the very trenches 
in front. Those who come in say that 
Iresh and pickled vegetables are what are 
moat needed among our famishing men. 
7 o'clock, P. M. Wagons are still load- 



ing up with saur kraut, fresh vegetables, 
ale, &c. The bees in the hive are bard 
at work, but we need more. 

.r«7y K 18M. 
The following order was issued by Major 
Gen. Hancoek, a copy of which was receiv- 
ed here to-day; 

HsAD-QuAxnss, 2d Ajoct Cobvs, ) 
^Wy 1,1864.) 
Special Orders, No. 170. 

Extract. 
The Sanitary Commission having turned 
over for the use of the troops of this Corps 
140 boxes tomatoes, (about 4,000 lbs.,) 
19 boxes lemons, 
5 bbls. pickled onions, 
320 lbs. chewing tobacco, 
they will be distributed, under the direc- 
tion of the Chief Commissary of the Corps, 
only to the men of the different divisions 
and artillery How occupying the line of 
works. 
By order of Major-Gen. Hancock, 

W. P. Wilson, 

A, Au*t Aift Gem'L 

Dr. Smith delivered the above goods di- 
rectly to Gen. Hancock, who expressed 
himself as greatly gratified, and immedi- 
ately issued the above order. 

J»7y 3, 1864. 

Messrs. Judd and Smith retuimed this 
A. M. Mr. Judd reports that he delivered 
his five loads in person, taking regiment 
by regiment. He went along the trenches 
of the 18th Corps, settled his business with 
each commander of a regiment, met with a 
cordial reception by the rank and file, and 
had the satisfaction to know that his goods 
were in a way to reach 19,000 men. 

His mission was entirely successful He 
was some of the time under fire, and mudb 
exposed to danger. 

Early in the evening an examination was 
made to see how much of the anti-scorbu* 
tic stock could be made out for the army. 
It was found that there was at hand, pro- 
vided transportation could be obtained, 
400 barrels pickles, 
125 ** pickled onions, 
98 " fresh onions, 
60 " potatoes, 
75 ** dried apples. 



The Samtary Commiasion SviOetin. 



661 



Dr. Douglas and Dr. McDonald have jost 
Tetnraed from il yiait to Gen. Grant. The 
General will famish transportation to-mor- 
row morning, and prooeed with this stock 
immediately to the trenches. It will take, 
if carried 6 bbls. to a load, with lemons 
scattered through, about 125 teams. 

Mr. De Long reports that five Sanitary 
Commission wagons were loaded. 
72 boxes tomatoes, 
24 " chicken, 
228 lbs. chocolate, 
72 cans peaches, 
166 " pears, 
12 boxes sherry, 
6 " milk, 
1 sheep and 100 lbs. ice. 
Also, 1 wagon for 9th Army Corps, and five 
for the different Belief Agents, making a 
total of eleven wagons. 

One ought to see the boys who came up 
from the front out of the trenches *' pitch 
into " the acids, such as saur kraut and pick- 
lea. It reminds one of Dr. Kane's party 
in the arctic regions, who having been a 
long time without food, "gobbled up" 
xmw seal and walrus, even while the life- 
enrrents were yet flowing. The boys are 
frantic for acids. 

The following are the stores ordered by 
lient-GoL B. M. Morgan, Chief Commis- 
■ary: 

400 barrels pickled cucumbers, 
122 ** pickled onions, 
94 " fresh onions, 
54 " potatoes, 
73 '< dried apples, 

743 barrels. • 
89 boxes lemons. 
The above are equivalent to about 120 
wagon loads. Eighteen of the Commission 
men will go with them to the trenches this 
P. M., and be assigned in squads to the 
reapeotive corps to aid the Government in 
the distribution, and to act as a corps of 
observation. 

Oett Pozxt, JvX^ Z, 1864. 
ll!a.XMAPP: 

Djbab Sib — ^We sent to the army day be- 
fore yesterday about twenty-five tons of 
•applies. Among them were 11,000 lbs. of 
iomaioe§ Mnd 800 Iba. oftohaooo. 



We send to-day 800 bbls. and boxes of 
vegetables, pickled and fresh. They ara 
distributed through the Commissaries of 
Divisions, as being the most expeditious 
and snre way of doing the work. General 
Grant finds us the transportation. Tha 
articles are now being loaded on the cars. 
They will be delivered at the farther end 
of the railway to Division CommiMaries. 
We expect that they will be in the pb^jses- 
sion of the soldiers to-morrow morning. 
Every corps in all its appointments will ba 
reached speedily in this army. 
Yours, truly, 
(Signed,) J. H.Douoxiis. 

Extract from a letter dated near Peters- 
burg, June 29, 1864: ^ 

Da. Douolab: 

Dbab Sir. — Twelve barrels each of kran4 
and dried apples were turned over to ma 
last evening for the 9th Army Corps. I 
saw Generals Bumside and Parks, also tha 
chief of the Commissary Department, CoL 
Coles, who will with myself see that it is 
sent to the trenches this day. 

General Burndde called on me night be- 
fore last I was not at home, but I was 
told that he expressed himself as mora 
than satisfied with the labors of the Com- 
mission in ameliorating the condition of 
his command. 

Other Generals have told me within two 
days that the donations of apples, picklea, 
ale, Ac, to the men in the trenches, haiee 
mctde a perceptible improvement in their 
condition; and General Hurteaudft, of the 
3d Division, pointed to a man who he be- 
lieved had been saved to the service by tha 
timely aid. 

Now with this evidence and kindly feel- 
ing manifested, I am stimulated to exer- 
tion for those in front, to prevent sickness 
by some addition to the present ** rations," 
in the form of acid fruits and pickles, and 
very, very much will have been done. 
Dried apples, pickled onions, canned to- 
matoes and kraut, in the order named, I be- 
lieve the best. 

Most respectfully yours, 

N. C. Stevens. 



Db. Dooauji; 






152 



The Sanitary Commiaaion Bulletin. 



mreiiiug, and the officers declmed using any 
of tbe vegetables, saying that the men in 
the trenches needed them more than they 
do, and that they did not have the resour- 
ces they had. They say, take care of the 
men in the trenches. Indications of scurvy 
uo beginning to be developed, which "will 
be counteracted by prompt aid from anti- 
•corbiitics. In conference with three of 
the Medical Directors of the Corps, it was 
thought that canned tomatoes were the 
most convenient form of vegetables that 
eould be used, as they need no cooking, 
and one box of 2 lbs. will give a mess to six 
persons. Next pickles, kraut and vegeta- 
bles. Vegetables are so perishable, that if 
not used while fresh, they are not worth 
much. Send anything your wisdom may 
■uggest. I assure you it will be most hear- 
tily appreciated by officers and men. 
Yours, in haste, 

N. C. Stevens. 

Copy of a letter from Major-General 
Smith: 

HZADQUABTKBA ISTH ARMY CoRPfl, 
IM THE Fl£U>, NXAU PETEBMUmO, 

July 1. 1864. 
To Dr. J. II. DoroLAfl, 

As'ciate Scc'y Sanitary Com'n: 

Deak Sir— The sui)plies kindly forward- 
ed by you from the Sanitary Commission 
have been received at these headquarters, 
and will at once be distributed as requested. 
The Major-General commanding the 
Corps desires me to express to you his ap- 
preciation of this donation to his command 
by the Commission you represent, and to 
say that there perhaps has never been a 
time when they could be of greater benefit, 
or that their want has been more felt by 
the troops. 

He also desires me to express to you, and 
through you to the Commission you repre- 
sent, his thanks for the interest they have 
ever shown for the welfare and well-being 
of the troops in the field, and his api)reci- 
ation of the work in which they are engag- 
ed and the labors they have performed. 

I am, dear sir, yours wery truly, &c., 
Wm. Russell, Jr., 

Major and Ats't Adj't Gen'l. 

Headquabtzbs, 3d Div., 6th K. C, \ 
June 27, 1864. ) 
SoSQEON R. Barb, 

Surgeon in Chi^Bd Div., 6(A Corpt: 

Sir— Please present my best thanks to 



Dr. Steiner, Chief Inspector Sanitaiy Com- 
mission, and Mr. Blazier, agent for the 6th 
Corps, for the very acceptable and liberal 
donation of two wagon loads of anti-scor- 
butics to this Division; and while I am 
grateful on the score of health, the men 
feel this tangible proof of the benefits of 
the Commission. 

Very respectfully, 

Jahes B. Ricketts, 

Brigadier Gaierti. 

HOBPTTAI., 8D DIT., eXH COXPS. I 

June 27. 1864. J 
Mb. Blazieb, J pent U. S. S. C: 

I take great pleasure in acknowledging 
the receipt of the Sanitary Stores furnish- 
ed recently for the use of the men of this 
Division. It is the opinion of the Com- 
manding General Bicketts, that great good 
is done by this one issue of vegetables to 
the troops under his command. I feel sat- 
isfied myself that a judicious and timely 
supply of such articles will go far to restore 
that healthy condition of system which can 
only be maintained by such means. If 
such articles as we have received can be 
supplied again, while the troops remain 
quiet, I will see they are brought forward 
and i^romptly distributed. 

Let me return you my sincere thanks 
for the great good done, and to say nothing 
has ever been more welcome to the men« 
for which they feel truly thankful. 

B. Babb, 

Surgeon in Chitf, 3d Div., eth Corpt. 

HSADQUABTEBfl, BIBNET'B DIY., 2D COBPS, 1 

Ju!p4,18Ci.t 
Dr. DouGi^AS, 

U. S. Sanitary Commistion: 

Dear Sir — It afibrds me pleasure to ac- 
knowledge the extensive benefit derived to 
the sick and wounded of the 3d Division, 
2d Corps, since crossing the James Biver. 
Whilst the Medical Department of the 
army has furnished us promptly and in 
abundance all needful surgical and medical 
supplies, with many extras, in fact to the 
full amoimt of transportation allowed to 
our department, the timely addition of such 
supplies as we have received from the San- 
itary Commission, into which all local, 
** State Belief," or other divided effort 
should be merged, has added vastly to the 
comfort and welfare of the soldiers who 



Tht Sanitary Commiaaion Bulletin. 



653 



haye passed from the front through the 
hospitals to the rear. That a whole peo- 
ple should organize themselves into a 
grand voluntary benevolent society, as our 
people have done through the Sanitary 
Commission, is no less a wonder to the 
world than the other events of transpired 
history. 

From my own observation of the supe- 
rior working of the Sanitary Commission, 
owing to its organization and superior 
facilities, I have only to regret that all the 
supplies of materials donated by the peo- 
ple for the army are not distributed through 
your agency. 

I have the honor to be, 
• Very respectfully, 

Ai<PHEU8 Everts, 

merg. 70th Ind, F. V., and Ckx^o/3d Div., 2d Corpt. 

As we go to press we receive the follow- 
ing letters from Maj. Gen. fiurnside and 
the burgeons and Chaplains of 9th Army 
Corps; also, one from Dr. Douglas to Lieut. 
Qen. Grant, accompanying transmission of 
▼^etables shipped on the "Belvidere," 
from New York. 

HXAD-QUABTZBB, OtH A. C, 

Camp UEroBX Petebsbubo. Va., 
Ju y Ul, 1864. 

Sib — ^It gives me great pleasure to ac- 
knowledge herewith the receipt of an issue 
of vegetables for my command, contributed 
by the Sanitary Commission. 

My command is already indebted to you 
for several issues of vegetables and anti- 
scorbutics, and I cannot let this opportu- 
nity pass without expressing my sincere 
thanks and appreciation of the value of the 
services which your Commission has so 
generously rendered. 

I am sir, very respectfully, 

A. E. BURNSIDE, 

Major Otnerd, 

Field Hobpital, 9th Abstt Cobfs, ) 

Neab Pktebsbubo, Va., { 

J%Uy 2d, 1864. ) 

V^ J. H. DOUOLAS, 

Auociate Secretary U. S. Sanitary Commiuion: 

Sir — As Surgeons and Chaplains of the 
9th Army Corps, it gives us great pleasure 
to acknowledge to you and to th^ many 
friends of the Sanitary Commission our 
great indebtedness to this Commission dur- 
ing the present campaign, for the supply 
of nnmerons articles so essential to the 



H 



comfort of the sick and wounded, demon- 
strating the elbeeding value of this charity. 

It affords us unqualified pleasure to bear 
testimony to the energy and faithfulness 
of your Agent, Dr. N. C. Stevens, in dis- 
pensing the BiiS't < 8 committed to his trust. 

Especially d > we commend his judgment 
in the distribution of large quantities of 
aijiti-scorbutics to the men in the trenches, 
where the utility of such material is estab- 
lished in the prevention of sickness and the 
regulation of t^e system, rendering their 
recovery when wounded, more probable 
and speedy. 

We trust that the Commission will con- 
tinue its work in this direction, so favor- 
ably begun. 

Most respectfully yours, 

Horace LuDiMOTOif, Surg. 100th Pa. VoIb., in ohBrgo 

lit Div.. 9ih A. C. Field HospiUls. 
John W. Skow, Surgeon 35th Bfaas. Vols. 
J. O. MxnxBir, Surgeon 14th K. Y. Artillery. 
A. H. Dasuiell, Chaplain 57th Mass. Infl 
T. Flstchsb Cakes, Surg. 66th Mass., Ass. Surg. 

Hosp. 1st Div., 9th A. C. 
W. V. Whitb. Surgeon 57th Mass. 
£. W. MoBTom, Asst. Surg. 69th Beg. Me. Vols. 
Horace B. Dttrakt, Asst Surg. 100th Beg. Penn. Y. 
WnxiAM A. Wbbstkb, Surg. 9th Beg. N. H. VoL 
Thbo. J. Christ, Surg. 45th Beg. Penn. VoL 
J. D. MiLWAL. Surg. Slst Beg. Me. VoL 
Shbbmam Cooper, Surg. 6th Beg. K. H. Vol. 
Robbbt T. PAnnc, Jb., Surgeon 2d Beg. K. T. M. 
E. B. Pierce, Asst. Surgeon 17th Beg. Vt VoL 
H. M. Q. MiLLSEK, Asst Surg. 
K a. Mbsbenobr, Asst. Surgeon Penn. VoL 
Clark C. HArrox, Surgeon S2d Beg. Me. VoL 
H. 8. B. Smith, Asst Surgeon 32d Beg. Me. YoL 
J. S. DowE. ChapUin 6th Beg. N. H. Vet. VoL 
E. Z. Dtford, Chaplain 11th Beg. N. H. VoL 
Geo. C. Oracefor, Chaplain Slst Beg. Me. VoL 
Wm. a. Start, Chaplain 58th Beg. Mass. VoL 
Wm. B. D. Blackwood, Surgeon 48th Beg. Penn. V. 
L. B. Bbcklet, Chaplain 48th Beg. Penn. VoL 
L. W. Bliss, Surgeon Slst Beg. K. T. VoL 
£. J. BoNiNE, Surgeon 2d Beg. Mich. Vet VoL 
8. S. French, Surg. 2d Brig., 3d Div., 9th A. 0. 
Wills B. Fox, Surg. Ist Brig., 3d Div., 9th A. a 
H. £. Smith, Surgeon 27th Beg. Mich. VoL 
D. £. BouKDT, Surgeon 37th Beg. WLi. YoL 
W. E. Shttrlock, Surgeon 51st Beg. Penn. Yet Y. 
A. F. Whelan, Surgeon 1st Beg. Mich. Sharp Sh. 
Charles E. Ames. Surgeon 60th Beg. Ohio VoL 
Harrison H. Powers, Asst Surg. 27th Beg. Mich.V. 
H. L. Butterfield, Surgeon 38th Beg. Wis. VoL 
L. L. DooLRTLE. Surgeon 24th Beg. N. Y. Cav. 
Joseph James, Chaplain 20th Beg. Mich. YoL 
S. 8. Hunting, Chaplain 27th Beg. Mich. YoL 
J. D. Bbvine, Surgeon 17th Beg. Mich. YoL . 

Crrr Point, Va., July 6, 1864. 
Oknsbal: 

I have iust received from New York an 

invoice of fresh vegetables, consisting of 



554 



The Sanitary CommiMzon BvOeUn. 



four iiiiti(lro<l and twenty (420) barrels of 
pfitiitoeM, and three hundred and fiftj-foor 
(35 Ij barrelM of onions, which the Sanitary 
Commisflion desire to have distribated 
amon^ the men in the armies operating 
bcforit Uichmond. 

I hiive the honor of forwarding to you 
thij accompanying letter from Mr. Blunt 
and Mr. Mursliall, of New York, which has 
bc(M) pliKMHl in my hands, together with an 
inv()i(>(« of vegetables sent on the steamer 
BclvidfTo, with those coming from the San- 
itary CommiHsion. 

1 n>Hp(«(;tfuIly request that these yegeta- 
blnH, ill nil 115;) barrels and 7000 heads of 
cabhti!<(>H, may bo distribated among the 
uitMi in tiioHo armies. 

'^\u^ people at home send them to their 
brotiici-H ill the army, as an expression of 
their profound admiration and unbounded 
coutitUuiiv*. 

Vory respectfully, 

Your obedient Servant, 
J. H. DouoLAS, M. D. 

Oon. CI rant ordered Col Morgan, of his 
HtafT, to t4ik(« charge of the goods. 

Tht'v wt're immediately loaded on the 
curs UiY the front. The condition of the 
veK<'tiil>leM MHMued to be good. 



rUK PAY YorU LBTTERS. 

AVe wish to call Hpecial atti'ntion to the 
noiM'HMity of pre-pttifintf thf full amount of 
])ostu:^t» on lett<'rs iutendeil for soldiers. 
A^ will be Noeu by the acompanying com- 
miiiiieation from' Mr. Kelly, and'the circu- 
lar he litis issueil. no lettei's can W iillowed 
to go to otHeers or soldiers in the field, un- 
less the entire postage is i>aid. No matter 
how valuable tliey m;i} be, the postniiujter 
has nt> diseretionarv i)OWi»r. The law in 
this respect is absolute. The entire post- 
age must be paid before letters are suffered 
to leave the nearest post office for the fn"»ut. 
More than this, if a fniction only of the 
amount due on a letter is pre-paid, double 
the remuuinj? fraction must be p.iid when 
the letter is taken from the olBce. If the 
wife of a soldier, thiiikin>; her letter to her 
husband in the field with Sht^nuan, is of 
single weight, happens to dn^p it into the 
otlKv with only a single three cent stamp 
upon it, iind it should be a grain heavier 
than half an ounce, the letter must lie in 
the ofti..*e at Chattanooga until, not three, 
but six centd additional art^ paid for pi^t- 
4^* tlur on it. It in not oarrieil to the sol- 
di&r hi tho regimental puist-bag, and tbe op- 
portumty given him of pajiug the amount 



due on seeing it, bat he miut be notified of 
the letter by the postmasterat Chftttanoog% 
must answer the notification with the ve- 
quisite postage, and then be obliged to 
wait days, and perhaps weeks, in his vari- 
ous movements before the letter can over- 
take him. Meanwhile, what anxiety md 
disappointment may have been endured b; 
the wife and family at home, because ox 
this carelessness or ignorance! 

There certainly can be no excnse f or the 
failure of officers to pre-pay postage on he^ 
ters to soldiers. It must oome from gioM 
carelessness and indifference. No one 
knows how many waiting and suffering men 
in hospitals and at home are longing for 
''descriptive rolls" and "diacharae papers," 
which are lyinjf with " postage due" mark- 
ed upon tljem in some distant office. With 
so much good and so much evil necessarily 
dependent upon so small a matter as an 
additional postage stamp or two, those 
writing to soldiers cannot be too careful 
to pre-pay the full amount of all their letters. 

The number of unpaid letters aocumulsr 
ted at Nashville and Chattanooga a short 
time ago was very large. The Sanitary 
Commission has recentiy undertake* to 
discharge this debt of so many soldiers to 
the Government, and it cannot be doubted 
that the amount of comfort thus promoted, 
to say nothing of the material gain in reslr 

S valuable letters, will l>e proportionate to 
e hundreds of dollars expended. 

LounnLLB, Kt, ifay 90, IflT^ 
Dft. J. & Kkwbbbbt: 

Dbak Sir— -I am Special Agent of the 
Post Office Department for the Militaiy 
Department, and have just returned from 
a tour of inspection to Chattanooga. I 
found at Nashville and Chattanooga quite 
an ai^cumulation of mail for the Boldien 
under Gen. Sherman, detained for unpaid 
pitMtage. 

Under his oath of office, the postmaster 
has no discretion; he cannot permit unpaid 
mail to pass from his possession without 
the money due i% first paid. Both offices 
sent out notices to the front, but for soma 
cause onlv a small proportion of this mail 
ever reaches the soldier. 

Under these circumstances I determined 
to appeid to that sreat charity with which 
you are connected, to add one other to ito 
many claims upon the gratitude of fhm 
armv and the people, by paying these un- 
paiit letters. 

It is needless for me to tell you vhaft 
joy, what faith, what courage, you wiU 
thus be the means of imparting to many ft 
war-worn soldier, by sending promptly 
forward the letter from wife or chOd, which. 
otherwise, would be left to await the tudj 
process of notification. 

1 «m, -^crs i«B^«dtiully Tours* 



I 8itiW60iifl in charge of hospitakf and offi- 
■■Mts of posts and burraek^, having ocofisioDi 
^^B ftddresii official coLomunicntions to otH- 
^ftrs And others in the field, will be car^jful 
to pr^ pat/ in/uU the postage when intend- 
ed to bo seiit bj mtiiL 

Fiiilure to do ao subjects anch matter to 
dotibb churi^e^, and o^uaes its detantioa at 
tlie post otkje until the persons addressed 
ih&ll pa J the amount due, and in many 
cftsei results in lbs total failure to reaeh its 
destination, 

in ehiirm *f M^itt^ MHitanf Oiviiion o/t s MitM. 

— Simitar ^ Eeporier, 



THE SA.NITA.RT G.iBDEKS AT 

CHATTANOOGA, 

Kotie but those who have visited the 
th and have followed tht^ course of our 
ies, can realize the desolation which this 
'terrible war, now in progreas, has brought 
m|K>n Iho laud* and especLallj upon the 
omsm fertile vatlej and pleasant homes of 
East Tenn^isee. Wherever the army has 
■w«pt, a thunderbolt of juat revenge, it has 
left behind it traces of its wrath iml&sola- 
ted, ruined homes — ^in houses burned to 
the ground, th^ two chimueja at eitber 
band left statiding like solemn upward 
pointing fingern, calling to God to look 
upon the misery that man's evil passions 
hare wrought— in fences torn diwn, trees 
uprooted, and in bare stubble- ilelds where 
onee were rich harvests of grain and 
cotton, 

Chattanooga, situated in the mitlatof the 
Tali ey, on the banks of the Tennessee, and 
enrruunded by an amphitheatre of hilU, waa 
once noted for its beauty* Shady, carefully 
kept groves of ancient trees covered the 
liillii and plain!?, and the bouses were sur- 
rounded b^ gardens that bloomed with the 
movt exqumiB flowers. The plains around 
ilie honaea were dotted with fine planta- 
tions, where were rai.^ed the magnifii^eat 
eropa for wliii^h East Tennei^aee ia so justly 
oel&bf»ted. Now the plaiaa are swept liter- 
^Ij bare, so that gtins on Fort Wood can 
command the whole valley » from IS! i an ion 
Eidge aroujid to Cameron !^ill, aod the town 
itself is reduced to an army post, hot, 
duttj, and swarming witli soldiers. A walk 
in any direction brings yon into a deserted 
dunp, and you stumble over old shoes, 
rag^^ torn coats and rusty canteens, telling 
of where our soldiers lived, before follow- 
ing th© universal custom of Yankees on the 
flr»t of May, tbey ** moved" in search of 
better quarters at Atlanta, But one thing 
redeems this sad picture of the havoc that 
war has made at Chattanooga, and that Hs 
the Sanitary Gardens, consisting of a him' 
dree? itad £ftj Acres, given by Gen, Thomaa 



to the United States Sanitary Commlssioni 
to be cultivated for the benefit of the side 
and wounded soldiers. These gardens lie 
along the banks of the Tennessee, about 
three quarters of a mile from the town, up 
the river. The only approach to them m 
across a narrow bridge over a little creek, 
and should you attempt to enter, an imper- 
afctve **halt** from the sentiy with leveled 
bayonet, disagreeably reminds you that 
passes anywhere and everywhere and for all 
aorta of reasons, are the most esj^ential 
things in Dixie, Once through that bar- 
rier, you dnd yourself upon a level plain, 
with long rows of #uions, be eta, turnips, 
parsnips, etc. , stretching away from you on 
either hand— in one corner of the field you 
notice a detachment of Uncle Sam*8 ** un- 
bleached American'' children in their neat 
blue uniforma, hoeing away for dear life at 
the potatoes^ as they never hoed before al 
'^ the cotton and the corn/* The hundred 
and fifty acres do not He together, but aro 
separated by a creek or arm of the river 
into diflFerent fields, so that Mr. Wills, the 
heatl gardener, has been able to separata 
his crops, taking one entire field for potatoes, 
another for corn, and etiU another fot 
onioDS, etc- The whole garden ia now 
planted. Nearly in the centre of the gar- 
den ia an Indian mound, so elevated above 
the plain, that, standing on its top, yon 
can at a glance take in the whole magnifi- 
ceut scenery. At your left lies the blue 
Tennessee, glittering out from beyond Mis- 
sion Bidge, and winding through the val- 
ley to the base of Lookout, tangling the 
hilin ill a silver braid; opposite, on the 
Kidge, is that fatal cornfield where Sher- 
man fought so long and so well, and the 
heights our brave men stormed and won, 
and farther on towards the right staiidj* old 
Lookout, a great sentinel, visible for miles 
away. The aides of this beautiful mound 
are now green with lettuce, radialie^, mus- 
tard, etc,, but when these are gone the 
mound wU\ be a fragrant bouquet of flow^rg 
from foot to summit. In the centre of the 
level space on the top ia a tent with mstio 
aeata around, and the Sanitary Commission 
propose to give Cleveland the honor of 
placing a Uoion flag over the tent, an em* 
blem of the benevolence as well as the 
patriotism of the loyal North. Near the 
mound are the tents and accommodaliond 
for the workmen and teams. Besides a 
large foree permanently employed, Mr, 
M. C. Read, of Hudson, the Agent of tke 
Commission, to whom the success of the 
gardens is chiefly due, haa obtained from 
the Government one company to be station- 
ed there as gimrd^, and also a company 
from one of the colored regiments to assiai 
in cultivating. He employs from twenty 
to thirty horaea ^iid m?a\^ \\v ^ViW'^x^i^ 
and teaming, 'Ei^evj i«^ a.T3^\i\^\i'cjiMfcVt^'ak 



550 The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



(lens, :iiul n'tnni l;ult»u with tho boimtii's | mont of Surgeon M. C. Watls worth, of 
natiiiT s(» iviulily yiiliis t«» ft williiifr, iiuliis- : WuiTon, Ohio, th<* straggling materials 
tri«»ns Iiaiid. Almuly liinulrtMl'* of Imshfls i from wliich the organization of nurses and 
of li ttui'«* nn<l nthir ;;riM ns havflMtn givtn attcmlants had to be mude np, were sfeed- 
tn thf hospitals at Cliattanno-ra and on ily re«lnciMl to eomph'te order and eftioien- 
l.ot. I;. Hit. and should the abundant harvi'sts ; cy. S..'ldom do our wounded reeeive bo 
that art- now pruniisrd jrrow to a nality, eareful attendance and nursing immedi- 
th.rr will he vrf^ttablts rn<»uj;h to suppiy ately after a gn-at battle jis have been fur- 
all thr hospitals at that point dnrinu' the nisllcd them sit this hospital, and their frc- 
eoniii-tr Miinnn r ami tall. Karly in Ai>ril. tpH'ut expr«»ssiiuis of satisfaetion with the 
^Ir. luad ilisiMivtrrd four tim* vin»'yards e:re given them, would go far to di'^i>el 
ah'iii.' till- lin«- of thf railroiid bi-yond Mis- dread oftfu felt at home at the word Hos- 
^ion Kiilf^'i', and on applieation to Ciinral pital. As fast as ears eould be furnished, 
Tilt 'mas. tiny win* conli-cattMl. and placrd tin* eases admitting of removal wt*re sent 
at lii> eontrol. The \in«s an- mltivattd on back by railroad, as in most instances box 
shmt luK'S. and wlun I saw thi m a few cars had to be employed. They were made 
wi»ks a«,'o, the t'Ji'l"^ wj n- sit in large as rh-an as possible, and hay plentifully 
tiuaiititifs. How rcfn->hinj,' tn our ^ulb-r- ' supplied. In hundreds i»f eases the p-itient 
iuLT s.ildier-. who have lain i«»r m-arly three . was ])laced in the car in his cot, and in that 
nn»!itlj.s ill ,-r«.\\th d vard-i undi-r th" burn- manner scut safely and comfortably. In 
in-r S.uitlu-rn sun, will be this dilieimis . every instance a surgeon accompanied the 
fruit n«xt falll For, sad to say. it tak»'s ' train to ('hattano<»ga. with niu'ses, food, 
nicnths for a wt^md to lual. ainl the pa- stinmlants and medicines, while the Sani- 
tii IMC of a soldier must be even greater ■ t-.iry (%uiimission furnished Imt coll'i.»e 
than his bra\«iy. " and refreshments at Dalton whenever 

Til is rambling letttT will. 1 fear, give you nci'diMl. 

a Very inadt ipiate idea of the beauty and The sanitary stt)rcs here are in charge of 

ust iuinr» of the Sanitary gardens at Chat- Dr. K. C. Warren, Sanitary Inspector, who 

tanoi'i.a; but I send it in th*- ln»i»e. that has aUo labored as surgeon among the 

frniii it yt)nr numer«»us readns will be able wnundi-d. l\y far the largest part of the 

to judge, in sniiu' m«a*«un'. (»f lln' noble sui>pb"«s. ami especially of the clothing, 

"wnrk I'f tin* v. S. Sanitary C'ommis>ion came markid as tiie contributions of your 

tlieif. Tin- gardt lis are but -.1 in^ili- dt part- si»ciety. \Vitln)Ut them no ef!*ort of the 

ni'iit of tili•^ wurk. and it I !i. ve not w» aried .surp-ons ctnild have rendered tin' wounded 

vou t'M, jir.ich with this l.tt« r, 1 hnjic to comf»»rtable. This lias been the source of 

nave till- iij)p'irt;;'.i:y i.ii «iiving yuu smne t)ur bountiful siip])ly <»f milk, which I think 

aee.'Uiit of tin* ('nmmisinu in et'iineetiiiu t»ne «»f the first bN'ssimrs to the wounded, 

witli tin- liM-pitaN. and with tin- battl.-s afti-r shelter and a comfortable bi'd. Most 

whii-li have rre»ntiy tai;»-u ]>laee at IJuz- (»f our extract «»f beef, which is an indis- 

•/.ard's K.»o>t, lifsat-a. auil elsewhere — ('.''r:- piii^ilde neces-nity in our circumstances, 

itih'f Ih rahi. th-.y have t'urni^'h'ed. Also a large amount 

• of dri«'d fruits of all kinds. a]>ples. peaches, 

,. ,., ,, ^, , „ pears, blaekberrits. cherries, »Vc., and 

'I'ii.« Solilier's Aid Soci«'tv. Northern our eh«nce stimulants — cherry brandy, do- 

Oi.iM, istlie ('Iea%eland Jh-anehof the U. J'.^""-'!^' ^^'i"^'"^- ^^•;V ,^'T'//^''''1[ patients 

,. ^, , ., livf t«»r davs tva little eKe than the ale re- 

.V N.nilary (.MiimisMon. ^.^.j^.,.,| j.j.,;,^^ ^i^^. e'ommi.sion. Fr.un the 

liiMKM rim. H.-siiTM. IV i'm;ivi:vii Sanitary (Jardeu at Chattannoga we liave 

had suppliv-s of green peas, onions, salad 
and r.i li^lics. 

iMiinmnded as I am u]>t>n * very si,U' by Tl!'- larger ]»:irt of our rolhu* bondages, 

Mm- •■•■in n«us «'itts i.f the Sanitary C.ur.mi''- :dl «> ir cloths f.»r dre<<ings. pads, hundreds 

.•'i««ii t«i onr \\oundt«l sohlii is. niaikvd of sle-. t<. and drawers, sc»cks, liaudker- 

" Si'idieis' Aid Si.eiety. Nortlurn Ohio." e^.i••:■<. pi!l.»w-easi»<. dn'ssing-gowns, these 

\\ m-eiir-, 1.1 me that pt rlia]>s im w.-rd oi i u- c-nstiturc b'lt a p;trt of the wounded sol- 

eoni.i'M imnt iias gon«' back to y.«u in :'..•- di-.Ts' iii'lfbteduess to th«' Sanitary Com- 

Knowli tij'mriil ot tlic lanif disl»r,!-i meni'^ mi^si-n. I partit-.ilirly noticed a hir^re in- 

t»f \oiii- in»M«' t'iiaiity at tld^ point, and of v.-i^-e mi y/ Vs- irum yo'ir society, receivi'd 

the in\aluabie eoiiti ilMiiioii^ m-u have ma*ie lu-re j'lst wln'ii tin* lly-l»lowu blankets could 

to tl'.e eomiort of tho woundi.i. n>'t 1m^ e!iibir«'d ant»tii.r day. audtmeot'tho 

Tlii^ hospital is the Ian:* ^^t tu-!d hospital ni '-t tiTuely of all of yimr favors, 

in the tl« partnu'ut. and lias ont^ hundrr vl Att-n-ling to the wor.n.led in one of the 

hi>»*i>iiai tents, witii eots and api»i'..>.!ieo^ i.^ wai\K under my can' one morning 1 was 

mat. li. and after liu' battle i»f 11. s;i.'a. a am*i-«' I at the e'omments they ma«le. Their 

/ni'nth >iiu't\ rc'c«-i\cd o\i r thit e t\\.n\«»a.uA \^Yv•A\^<A^t had lu-eii ma«le i)alatable with 

nfiiiiiiitl. ruder tlie elVicieiil mauaiie- •*'t%A\\\VAVN \\\\\V.r ti\i\\\\v.-N Wjid just been 



i'\ ^:l 1 Kl %M'. Kl>V« A. '1 v.. l;!'.:. l'" 

.1. 



fumisheil with clean sliirts, tlrawerSp sheets 
and bftiidkercliiefa from Banitury fcupplies* 
Of this they were talking, and one ot them, 
taking up a bui^^b to ketp oil' the Hies^ put 
on a comical, fuult-fimiiijg look and lone, 
and eiclaimtjd^ ** Weil, I'm aure those In- 
dtea hav<3 sent ns everything elst? we want, 
iuid I think they might havt^ put in game 
fan^ to keep \m cool this hot weather/* 

Our iLrmy had only time to bury their 
dead and get tJie wounded to the hospitals 
when it Wiis ordered to pursue the enemy. 
Is many instances no opportunity was 
given for regimental offiet^rs or surgeons 
to make out lists of killed and wounded. 
The omi2*flion was supplied here as soon ai 
possible by E, S, Tone, agent of the Sani- 
tary Comuiission, who went patiently over 
the extended line of battle, sought out the 
rMfcing pkce of the dead, and made full 
recxirds of the name and regiments of the 
faUefn* He procured the lists of wounded 
from the records of the Division Hospitals. 
The lists thus obtained wore, in many in- 
stances, the iirst reliiible intelligence re- 
eeived by friends at borne. 

One word as to the manner in which san- 
itary stores are expended. Do they go to 
lihe objects intended by the donors'? Here 
at kaat they have been faithfuUy expended. 
I shall not pretend that every article and 
||tem is applied to the liest poswibJe puri>osie, 
At if one of those noble women who make 
an the channel of their gifts to our w ouud- 
" eoiild attend in person to their distribu- 
ion, I feel ansared she would need to be 
ften checked by the surgeon in the libe- 
lity of lier disbursements, lest the sight 
the destittition all around should lead 
to speedily exhaust her stores. 
Those whom you represent would feel 
, tltemaelves repaid for their labor and self- 
liid could they fully know what aufler- 
j3 are palUated, reheved or prevented 
through their efforts. 
Too high terma cannot be used in apeak- 
\ of the patient endurance of the wound- 
Their fortitude in their sufferings must 
be seen in order to be appreciated^ and 
when every means we employ fail to bring 
relief to-day, the surgeou often secures 
patience and hope to his patient by the 
balm of to-morrow. 

In behalf of three thouaand wounded 
lieiTS of our army^ Surgeon Wood worth 
|uesta through you to thank the donors 
i the Sanitary Commission for the liberal 
L opporttme suppbes, which have enabled 
to make them by far more comfortable 
Jian they could have been done had we re- 
Ijied exclusively upon the appliances fur- 
riliahed by the Government. 
Yery truly yours, 

JL Q* Habt, 

Surffcm UH a F* I. 



CAUSES OF MORT.U.ITY IN THE MTTJ- 
TAEY HOSPITAL.S-MEAKS OF 

DIMINISHING IT. 

A large share of the Commission's efforte, 
since the commeneement of the present 
campaign, has been directed to the miti- 
gation of suffering and the saving of life in 
field and hospital, by timely and inleUigent 
aid to badly wounded men, and especially 
to those compelled by the cruel necessities 
of war to be transported^ often in rough 
and clumsy conveyances, with frequent 
shif tings and changes before reaching their 
destinalions in an Army General HogpitaL 
It is truly the period which ebipses be- 
tween the soldier's fall on the field and hia 
consignment to the hospital, that the real 
bitterness, the deep agony of wur is crowd- 
ed. The hardships of campaigning are no 
doubt great, but robust men— and those 
who pass tliTOUgh the first two months are 
generally robutit— can endure them, and 
often thrive under them; but where a man 
is struck dowui with the hospital which is 
finally to shelter himj it may be. a hundred 
miles away in the rear, soldiering assumes 
an aspect to him which it never wore be- 
fore. 

The greatest amount of suffering and losa 
of life falls to the lot of those who have 
broken bones or wounded joints, especially 
of the lower limbs, for whom absolute quiet 
is the most needed remedy, and to whom 
every jar or motion involves anguish and 
danger, perhaps of loek Jaw or fatal inflam- 
matious. This sad necessity of transport- 
ing badly wounded men explains in a great 
degree the increased mortality of kte in 
the military hospitals at Washington, and 
the unusual prevalence amongst the woun- 
ded of those fatal diseases tetanus and pyae- 
mia, which, with exhaustion from chronio 
diarrhea, eeem to be the moat frequenl 
cauaes of death. 

The following extracts from letters from 
one of the medical members of the Com- 
mission, in daily conference with wounded 
soldiers J and their surgeons in hospitala 
and in iransituy will afford to our readers 
direct and reliable information as to their 
wants, and serve as a preface to a state- 
ment ot l\ie -Ea^o^na ^\a?i\i SiiaaQiCi-tfiasL\asvRSsv 
I 19 6niplo;jm^ tQ x^'^^^^ ^CiiKssL_ 



558 



The Sanitary Commission Bvlktin. 



Gensbaij Condition op the Wounded. 

Wasbzmotoiv, Junt 16, 1864. 

In all the hospitals there is great atten- 
tioD given to the wounded. The special 
care which the stumps, compound fractures 
and severe wounds receive, is usually as 
complete as could be desired. But in al- 
most every ward are found patients whoso 
vital powers are too low to permit the pro- 
gress of recuj^erativc processes. This I 
will mention more particularly under the 
head of pja>mia, secondary hemoiThagc, 
&c. 

Mortality. 

The death-rate is very high, and the 
oaases are obvious; many of them are pre- 
Tentible. Pyromia, and excessive exhaus- 
tion [from loug fatigue of transj^ortation, 
from excessive suppuration, etc.,] are chief 
causes of the excessive mortality. Out of 
300 patients among latest arrivals from the 
Pamunke^ at a single hospital, 14 died 
within twenty-four hours. There is abund- 
ant evidence of inadequate care and sub- 
sisteuee of wounded men during their 
transportation. Some estimate of the suf- 
ferings endured in transportation, at the 
present time, may be formed from a re- 
mark just made to me by Dr. , sur- 
geon in charge of Hospital. He 

says: **On hearing some of these men 
Bi)enk of their sufferings while being trans- 
ported from the battle fields, and in their 
trans-shipment, I confess I can scarcely re- 
strain myself from weeping. " 

The greatest sull'ert*rs are those who 
have compound fractures of the thigh. The 
means (^f support for such fractures are 

utterly inadrquate. Dr.s. , , and 

many lio.s]>ital surgeons, bear testimony to 
the needless waste of life, and the terrible 
increase of suffering, in consequence of 
the want of adeqinite means for support 
and care of tliigh fractures, and the severe 
wounds of the leg and knee. 



The Ci^sses and Severity of Wounds. 

The average grade of the severity of 
wounds now seen in the Ho.'^pitals of" the 
Department of Washington is peculiarly 
severe. For example — in a hospital that 
I have visited this evening, there are 1,0(M) 
patients; and among them Inive been seen 
107 compound fractures of the femur and 
42 severe injuries of the knee-joint. The 
number of amputated limbs in that hosjntal 
is not less than 225. 

CJonservativf? surgery has a wide field in 
Buch hospitals, and when we note the 
death-rate, we intuitively judge that the 
proportion of liml)s tra .8|>orted northward 
from the field, for the benefit of such con- 
Bsrvatiye treatment, is far too large. Bat 
tlua hast J judgment may be erroneoiu^ for 



the surgeon in charge of the 107 broken 
femora and the 42 gun -shot knee wounds, 
says he hopes to save many of these men 
who have sun'ived five da^s after arrival; 
yet he has seen 45 patients die in hospital 
in a single day— nearly all from the exhans* 
tion of transportation. 

The fact respecting these severe wounds 
of the femur, kc, a])pears to be that there 
is an enormous wast^* of life and an amount 
of bodily anguish that cannot be describ- 
ed, that we may do much to prevent. I 
confess that until udequate means to this 
end are applied, my sleep at night will be 
disturbed by thoughts upon the subject 

Any successful efforts that may be pnt 
forth by surgeons or the Commission to at- 
tain the object I now mention, will be to me 
a cause of greater gratification than the re- 
ception of any favors the world can bestow 
upon myself. 

You may judge that every surgeon in 
charge of the hospitals here urges that 
something be done quickly and effect- 
ively for improvement in the transporta- 
tion of patients who must be sent uorlh- 
waid from the field with such wounds. 

Our efforts to supply materials for splints, 
&c., are not in vain.* The zinc will be at 
first most used, but the gypsum, and the 
board splint and litter for lashing both 
limbs and i)elvis will bo found more valua- 
ble. A large number of stout tin cans (3 
galls, each) have Wen sent forward to-day, 

filled with calcined gj-psum, &c., &o. 

* « * * * 



* SUGOEHTIOMS TO THOSE WHO P1UU*ABE FBOVIBXONJLL 
SPLINTS. 

Ah tlic object Hoiij^Lt i.s to afford a suitablo su^ 
port t<» fractunrd hmb8 dnriiig trnnsportation, it 
may ho. di-sirnble to iiinkc tlu? splints longer and 
Htroiigor than would 1)0 iiccoHsarj- for paticntn in 
bonpital. To add utronKth to tlio {K'rforatcd zino 
Kiilint, the strips niav hv doubled, or a lifrht strip 
of w(Mul may bo appficd cxtcmally in the uirci*tian 
of the Klnift of the lioni^ llio cut I'Ukcs of the 
zinr iiisiy Ik; pressed baok by ap])l\ing the back of 
the slii'iira apiiiiibt the niarifin of * the mot al when 
n;Htinp^ iipmi the aii^Ie of a board or table. Angles 
iu the KpliiitK may be made by cutu or by \"*8 in the 
mnr^'iii.s. Fine oakum or old cloths may bo used 
for naddinf?. 

The tirnmoHf* of the Gypsum Splintj^ may readily 
1)0 iIl('^■a^-ed by iiicreasinf? tho number of thidi^ 
nctjfiieH of the Ha'tnruted cloth. 

THK MODE OF APPIAISO THE niTRUM SPUXTB. 

'J'he folloM iuf; plain directions have been huggeat- 
od by a Kurgoon who has had ample experience in 
their une: 

" Tlio limb in flmt shaven or slightly oiled; apiece of 
olil coarRo watibcd iuuhIIu ig iioxt' Bolectod, of a nice ao 
that when folded ab«mt four thickiieRHCii it is wide enough 
to ruvclnp uioro tliau half of the cLix'unifcronce of the 
lind). Tliv Bolotion of planter la then to be preiiered. 
Fine, well dried, white plaster had better be selected, 
and before utdiig, a unall portion phould be mixed with 
water in ■ upooh and allowed "tovot," with a view of 
a«CGrtalnlng the length of time reqnialte fur that yrotem. 
If it is over five niiuntca, a amall quantity of oommoB 
salt had better be dissolved in the water beftm addlBf 
the plaster. The more nit added* the looner will th* 
plaster "set" If delaj be ncceseary, the additkin of • 
few dropo of eaixMinter^a sine or mmdlage will cabHwa 
thatead. Jgiial parte of watar and plMJwttabwt 




The Sanitary Oommusum BuUdin. 



£59 



Pyemia. 
Thi» is the greatest aource of mortalitj 
In the liuspitalij here. It is foDud eveij- 
where, nud m iha greatest source of coii- 
eeru lo ttll iiitelligeiit snrgeons, # # ♦ 
In t bis tla^s of patients the powers of as- 
fliadltitum break do wo, aud uDlesa r&lHed 
before the iuitial cbiil, elU ehauees of Life 
Are loHi. Far a certaju cIbs^ of such pa* 
tieutt» the Sii Hilary CommifeBion mu»i sup- 
pi j a pure bminJy, and otherwise aid io 
pruvidmg ypecinl diet 

Aiiioii^ tttts bf^Ht informed atirgeona, the 

opinion p rev nils that the only prevent! ye 

measureii tlmt can be sua-es^sfnUy adopted 

^ »ga*ni^t thifej bluud- poisoning, ttc,^ which is 

terniLd pyimia, mast bo tuch vm will for- 

lily the T\oundcd man ogaiUbt morbid 

ehioiges, and give him vigor iind appetite, 

auti^ scorbutic and opjMiziiig diet, in sLort. 

And thiii m demanded in Ih^ JhUi, in umbn- 

Jnficers, ami un ironsporin^ no k^ss ihun iii tJfw 

iOeutnd Huhpitak* Let freiib vegetables 

Fmnd fruits, and ea»i1j as^imilaled uourish- 

rmetit be »lways at bond for the wounded if 

^^re would hope to diminish the prevalence 

of -p^vsmiB, 



^/ropcfUvtiB. Ih^ph^tvT UrpriiUtlod fa ibe water uid 
fmiJi.nllT itHrtl ntuh it. The Hotb, tiiifDiUtMS, 1» tlicn 
IZLitijr \ ^oluUonRti^ wi'I] M^inmied; itis th«i& 

I to l)t "J iiJi baii>rt% anBtjgt'd aii4 Itid on « t)il 

^ aiiHi»' . . , hiitviX (it k tmble, ami »moottii;4£S rtm* 

^U-fKiLt-^ '*j||i ilj« Luiid m otdtr to it'mo^P mu} irrt^gu- 
lartties of itH fliirfkvt , iiid tliiD, wlib tliu help ol ah is- 
ilAttnt. t| |ihtd Lo Lbc ]»ffif ilr>r trurfAn? i/i lb« hxub. The 
poruuji triti'iidliif btkm tlit- htfl is luriud up oti Ui« 
■ole i>I the loui, inil ibc ei*lcR foIdi-U ox'hp tiic dortttai 
wad « fuld nifcJf nt Die uukji' mu eiilitr aiUr, nijd * juUi^r 
b«iidtt|^c 1} |ilud pTtHy Uiiiily over all. llje limb In tbm 
to be btlil lu b|iri^ii t X'^^'HtUn. 1 1 vt< eipImii htUfg Ujade 
If iii/ii:iii'«r5 by lliu t'Tirij^fi p, I until ibt },litBUT bi^LOfur-a 
ItAfd:. 'I iii.: twjji rt'eiulml ui |3r<ijjirHt|i tbf rlotli^ luii^mg 
Ibe jl-iMi^r, ani iiijl.uijf; U i ^ umu-^ to tbu blub, m-ed 
Unf T., r.jt.i- I, ..|r' iS ijii 3i!i;i ■ 11 Tiiiinitta. Alttrtti^ pkettcr 
i Mvid, 1«^ wd) bbvt; A fioUd 

] I Bvtlox'ti'i *l*t- liiJjb, leAV- 

3 irtiiy tix>cscd to view* If 

nil) .riR loll fine cmj betppbt^d 

' let (|j r can Pklwjijt etKlly dbt^r- 

Iftiit' Mirt'd eudi. If Titnn«i|iry, 

•niuliui: ' UTtie ZMftterliL cAU bp ap- 

^ |iUt4,Bt.d ^ ^etlier ndtli pdJbciKiv« plu- 

t*i. ^3 il 5: , biiti^iigQ ovtr all. If ttm 

3?u. usitl, two tit- tbri'*' utrir* of idbp- 

iinrli widp, or bonds of ajjy limd. miy 

f . . id thft fruing, ft&d wijU serve iw kec^ it 

CLca^J^y ti4>>kftt«d." 

OitliutM'i'lj Ih^ gypeitiiii and the water arc miioil 

in t(]\itkl ^jropfirtioiip, tmt Ibry may be Tided to ^uit 

I the i»iAJ>i]iuJjitfvr. Very fifhtam\ /n'rfvvu'ii ppliot caats 

ttmy l>e made by fsitfjiviijig thf platiter paale^ as 

GtpHiim, 75 parte^ bj iri>ight. 

Water, lap parfF, ** 

Starch, 1^ 4o 2 partfl, " 
Thd etardi to Le hcAlal ckar, in & Fmall quaniitj 
I ofwatrr* If the *V&etting" nf tbc pifteter ie too 

I Alow, atid a little f^alt. A fiuall proiKirtion c^ viscid 

I etarrb tt nl'^ U^ delay tbo '*iM3Uiiig ' of the plosteTj 

^^^ and I. t (] fur that pill fHmL iiki^tc ad nf ghtci* 

^^B Att^ nf dutb are tuL und iill i^ re^ady, 

^^H Ibe a^ , . . .. .1 uf lh(^ caatmals aad the compltition 
^^B of the v^urk ueed uot Occupy aiorc than ten mm a lea. 
^^B Fo nets I lit or windows for ilramaee or lor obeervsr 
^^BtuJEi may be ppovidcd beforehand, by cutting the 
^^K|>fupcr iipc^rtnr<>^ La the ntripa of duth before im- 
^^■iineiid&g thi^m m the piautor pa^te. 



Bkcondart Hj^mobiehaok. 
The frightful ftequency and fatalifir ol 

this accident is mamfe«tlj owing to patho- 
logical, oTf rather to pbyaiologieaJ failiieep 
>bich the best hurgery cannot prevent li 
results more from low vitality tbuu from 
any fault of surgeou^s. The fixated arleriee 
and the clot pings in them, in patients dy- 
ing of secoudar J hemorrhage, so far as I 
have exomined, exhibit the evidences of de- 
generation, and the failm-e of reparative 
processes, aimply a reault of detective vi- 
tality and consequent delay of phydologi^ 
eal repair in the wounded and h gated 
blood-vessel. 

Whatever we can do to keep up healthy 
nutrition and the vigor of wounded men 
before and during tbeir treatment in hos- 
pital tends directly to diminish this tearful 
accident, which by a sudden gush termi- 
nates the }ife of thepatieut and the fondest 
hopes of the faithful surgeon. 

Low YlTAlJT£—AiyrSMMlA. 

Many d«ya utuallj intervene between the 
reception of the patient from the trans- 
ports and the beginning of recuperative 
proccFscH in wounded parte, Secondary 
amputations of course do very badly in 
euelj conditions. In this penod of low 
vitalit]f from exhaustion, teianus is doily 
occurring in the hospitals^ 
Tetanvs, 

The "more I see of tetanus here the more 
evident it is that its prevention is peculiarly 
deptndent upon th« adequacy and Inilhfid- 
ness of snpiiJy from tbe sanitary b lores of 
t h e Ban i t ai y Com m ist i on . W hi m clo t h ing, 
quilts and bedding, with more care of 
wounded parts, will diminish the frequen- 
cy of tet^mns omoug the wounded, I see 
some cases daiJy. Ihe number of cases 
rapidly diminishes with the general im- 
proveniewt of the wounds* 

A certain per ceutage of ca«es of tetanus 
among Mich severe wounds may be inevita- 
ble, but the cold current of damp air, the 
exposure of the back, uncovered during 
tranf^portation and in the ward; the want 
of Bleep and want of digestive power, are 
among the conditions Uiat the supplies and 
agencies of the Sanitary Commission most 
directly re^ich.* 

The regular returns will be made from 
all tbe hospitals, and next year it wiU be 
ascertained and reported that pyiemia, te- 
tanus, secondary hemorrhage, and fatal 

•Under tlie aiispice« of the Coimniftaion the to- 
tingniitbed physiohigist and phyBLcian, Dr, C. JL 
Browa-S^qnard, Tvas imrhiced Uy viait Waehington 
to lecture on tetaane and tlie effects oa the riervoua 

Salem of oeverc hemorrhage. Tbo BubbUace of 
a leotnre,which waa delivered on tbe HJh of Juno 
to a largo body <>f the medJcal staff of the army and 
navy && tbe StDitbuanian Inatitulion, the Commhlk 
sion is abotit to publish for dieitrihntion to m<^diea1 
officers, as one of its ^ries ol medical and surgical 
Mono^pha, 



560 



Tht Sanitary Commiasion Btdletin. 



diarrhea were very prevalent, and caused 
most of the deaths in the hospitals. But 
inadequate efforts will be made this year to 
remove, diminish, or anticipate the causes. 
Tho latti-r is a le^timate function of the 
Bauitury Commission. 

* * * « « 

In reference to the second point, viz., 
improvement of the local atmosphere of 
■wards, a barrel of carbolic acid has been 
received, and turned over to the proper 
officer for t*x2)erimcnttd use, in accordance 
with Prof. Gibbs* suggestion that it prom- 
ises more than any other disinfecting agent. 
The result will be detinitely noted. The 
Phenol S*)(Uijiie, which the same i)erson has 
distributed to the hospitals, is a weak solu- 
tion of crude carbolic acid, (15 per cent.,) 
and soda (8 per cent.) Prof. Gibbs* sug- 
gestion made two years ago, to use carbohc 
acid upon the walls of wai'ds, as a paint or 
wa^sh, is worthy of trial 

The fourth point—^means of support for 
fractured limbs: 30 sheets of perforated 
zinc (7 feet by 10 ji^ inches,) with shears 
for cutting and fitting the metal, have been 
sent to the sanitary depot in front for 
8X)lints; 3 bbls. of statuary plaster, coarse 
cotton cloth, etc., 1 ton of oakum; and to- 
day a quantity of fracture litters, sent after 
consultation, to Dr. and other ac- 
tive men in the Medical Staff. 

Tho importance of this subject is im- 
pressive and clear when studied in connec- 
tion with recent battle reports of the Med- 
ical Bureau. 

In 20,930 wounds, 749 were compound 
fractures of femur; and of tliis number 480 
were transported uuamputated. 

Again, of the knee there are 242 wounds, 
and of these 138 were transported uuam- 
putated. Of the leg, there were 948 gun- 
shot fractures, of which 050 remained uu- 
amputated. There were at the same time, 
506 gunshot wounds in the lungs and tho- 
rax. 

The 1st Division, 6th Corps, in the Wil- 
derness, (Fredericksburg observations,) had 
34 compound fractures of the thigh, living, 
20 amputations, and 14 transported uuampu- 
tated. It has been found that any one of 
these transported fractures must be moved, 
off and on, (unless the bunk or bed goes 
with tho sufferer,) at least 14 times before 
resting in a general hosijital. Often the 
number of movements is much more ! 
Very few of the wounded thighs and knees 
now and recently brought to Washington, 
have any supporting appliances. 

yjjjssatytaVt June 23, 18S4. 

My Deab Doctob— Since I last wrote to 
you there have been several practical ques- 
tions examined in the hospitals here, with 
reference to improved means and more 
euoceaaful efbrts to MYd life and mitigate 



suffering. Let me briefly mention a few 
points which I think should be acted 
upon by the Executive Committee without 
delay. 

How can the Commission aid in preveni- 
ing the present fearful rate of mortality from 
pyiemia in these hospitab? 

Whatever we would successfully attempt 
for this purpo:}e must be brought to bear 
before the fatal blood-poisoning and death 
of bone occur in the patient. 

I have just been examining the official 
report of some thirty deaths from pyaamia 
in a single hospital of 1,200 beds, and one 
of the best in the department Nearly all 
of these have occurred since the Ist of 
June. All occurred in patients who had 
fractured or amputated bones. The greater 
proiK)rtion of the cases occurred in patients 
that had good chances of surviving, had not 
the malady here mentioned supervened. 

No med*ication nor care has yet saved 
a single life among the hundreds I have 
seen suffering from pyicmia. 

Declining all discussion of the histologj 
and the causes of this fatal i>e8t of the hos- 
pitals, let mo say that good reasons exist 
for believing that the only available means 
of diminishing tho providence of this acci- 
dent, (as it may justly be termed,) of the 
surgery and wounds of bone, are — 

1st. Improvement of the diet of the 
patients from the hour of their becoming 
accessible to the Sanitary Commission on 
the Held, in transports, and in hospitals. 

2d. Special means for improving the 
local atmosphere of the wards, eta. in hos- 
pitals. 

3d. The establishment of hospitals at 
higher altitudes and in healthier localities. 

4th. By supplying more adequate mate- 
rial aid to the surgeons in the field for the 
support and care of fractured bones. 

To each of these four points I beg that 
the Commission give intelligent attention. 

To the first, second and fourth, I am 
giving close attention; the third cannot be 
reached, excex)t through the War Dexiart- 
ment and the Medical Bureau. But I 
know that Drs. Cuyler, McDougall, Hamlin, 
and the best ofi^cers of the Staff, hold 
the same views that I shall soon express \fi 
the Commission on this subject. 

Now, what can we do to meet the first 
want of tho patients who are liable to the 
occurrence of pyicmia? We can do much.* 

* To insuro tho army a moro varied diet when it 
shonld reach its new base on the James lUver,the fot 
lowing anti-scorbutic stores were sent in ]iay,froai 
New York, and stored in Baltimore : 
4,291 galls, pickl'd tomatoes, 
61,813 Ibi. canned tomstoea, 
1,1M galls, carried cabbsge, J 

671 bbls. dried apples, 
15,1S8 galls, sanr kraat. 

In addition to tho above, the following oonsign- 
mcnt of similar food, has thus far during Joim^ 
(a5th instant,) been sent to ths Army in Tuginis: 



4,10a galls, ptcklea. 

8,680 galls. i«i«**'^ «wt«w^ 
ia,06U lbs. apple pulp, 

2,400 boxes portabb kn- 
<niiide. 



The SanUary CommiMian BiiBMn. 



661 



The Commission can at onoe prooore 
and offer to the hospitals, a oar load of 
fresh yegetables and the best fruits of the 
season, daily. 

Secondly, we may greatly improve the 
special diet of each hospital by systematiz- 
ing onr special diet kitchens, and by giving, 
through those kitchens, the aid that is 
iiee<led in the preparation and distribution 
of the fruits and tne more important vege- 
tables. » » ♦ ♦ 



WESTERN DEPARTMENT. 

OUB OPBBATIONB IN OEOBOIA. 

Dr. Bead 'writes to Dr. Newberry, from 
Chattanooga, June 2: 

€k>ods as needed, have been, with few 
exceptions, promptly furnished. 

Oen. Hooker and Gen. Schofield ha^ 
each furnished one team, to be used under 
the directioiFof the agents, connected with 
the respective corps, while the surgeons of 
the 4th and 14th corps, in charge of divis- 
ion hospitals, are furnished with orders on 
the storeroom at Aoworth, and they send 
directly for such stories as they need. 

Goods distributed to the wounded the 
I very hour they are brought from the battle- 
field, are much more highly appreciated by 
them and by their surgeons, than when 
given to them a week later, at hospitals 
in the rear. 

I am not sure they do more good, only as 
they come when all is confusion — come i^- 
expectedly, and thus show, 

'* Tis not tho extent of aid that Aamps its worth, 
But the nioo hoar, ^t whieh that aid is bestowed." 

As I passed on my return, the rooms we 
have occupied and vacated successively as 
the army advanced, I was more forcibly 
than ever impressed with tho magnitude 
of our work. 

First, a storeroom and hospital at Ring- 
gold; then one at Dal ton, from which 
goods in large quantities arc taken to the 
field hospitals west of Besaca; then the 
woanded were moved to Kesaca, and rooms 
opened there; soon the army passed on to 



13,789 galls, pick, cucombers, 
S,5M) g«ll«. pickled ouioiis, 
l^OfiUgAlls. uuttT kraut, 

4iS gailii. pick, tomatoes, 
lASp4M Iba. caaiied tomatoes, 
ISU Um. tamarinds, 
1916 hbla. dried apples, 
19 bbls. dried fruit. 



73 bbls. potatoes, 
8 hhU. prunes, 
100 bbls. ouions, 
3Ul boxt s lemons, 
25 boxes oraiiges, 
SObslfbbls. porter, 
2,04U bottlt s esa. ginfer, 
90 bottles lemon Juice. 



And beyond this, the Associate Secretary for the 
Bast baa been directed to send to that army, for 
twenty days to come, $1,000 worth of freah vege- 

You L— No. 18. 86 



Kingston, and halting for a day or two to 
load stores, ours were forwarded and rooms 
opened. Here, again, teams were loaded 
for the advance, and what stores could not 
be carried were sent back, and we were to 
leave the railroad and our base of supplies, 
not expecting for sometime to oommunioats 
with the rear. 

Passing over Pumpkinvine Greek, ws 
again have severe fighting, lasting sev^ 
eral days, in the vicinity of Dallas. 
This resulted in giving us the railroad to 
Acworth, and soon after, for five miles 
further to Big Shanty. Aoworth is our 
last depot, where we have now ample sup- 
plies for present wants. We shall work 
and trust, hoping that as more are wanted^ 
they will be furnished. But we have often 
been so nearly exhausted, that we havs 
suffered greatly, lest we should be called 
upon for help and not be able to afford it. 

Gen. Howard has supplied his corps by 
giving one of his teams from headquarters 
loading at Kingston, and sending back 
there again when necessary. 

I left Dr. Brucedritt with Gen. McPhcF- 
son's command; Mr. Fairohild with Gen. 
Palmer's; Mr. Grary with Gen. Schofield's, 
and Mr. Hobblet with Gen. Hooker's and 
Gen Howard's — who will also in my ab- 
sence, have general supervision of the 
work. Every possible effort has been made 
to furnish the goods promptly, and the 
efforts have been successful 

The list of casualties has never been so 
promptly obtained; it has been furnished 
and forwarded in almost every instance, 
within twenty-four hours from the time of 
action. The list is obtained from the hos- 
pital record, or from the slips used by ths 
surgeons for their entries, as the wounded 
were taken from the ambulances. But 
since I have come back here I have been 
astonished and sadly disappointed to find, 
that lists which I supposed had already 

reached you, had just arrived here. 

« * « « * 

So long as we continue to fight this 
battle, so long must we have a large amount 
of supplies, of the Baxxte kind as previously 
indicated, viz. : milk, beef, spirits, crackers^ 
rags and bandages, lemons, farina, sugai^ 
tea, etc. Nothing that we have 
amiss. Axm-slings are ol spedal nfejik 



662 



The Sanitary Commission BfJlOin, 



We shall aid in feeding men on the road 
between Acworth and Nashyille. 

The number of sick and wounded is large, 
but seems to me to be small, when we take 
into account what the army has done. For 
forty-five days they have been constantly 
fighting, or living prepared to fight Some 
have fought each day; they have made many 
miles of fortifications; have slept with little 
covering in the trenches, and for most of 
the iirae there has been constant rain and 
deep mud, but they live in hope, and are 
kept up by excitement. A successful result 
to the campaign will see many more sick 
than now, while defeat, with all its distress- 
ing influences, would be disastrous. 

But we hope for success, and expect it. 
I send this by Prof. Hosford. I shall wait 
here a day or two, and if better, return to 
the front; if unable to do that, shall go to 
Louisville, expecting to go home for a 
time. I do not desire to do this, until this 
campaign is ended. 



THE MISSISSIFFL 

Mr. Way writes from Memphis, June 
24th: 

We have had no great battles fought in 
this department during the past month; 
still we all have been kept quite busy. 

First, came the troops from the ill-fated 
Red River expedition, who had been on the 
move for the past few months, without be- 
ing where they could obtain a supply of 
vegetables, and for weeks on short rations. 
We were able, on their arrival here, thanks 
to our kind, generous friends at the North, 
to issue a bountiful supply of vegetables to 
the regiments, and to give to their sick del- 
icacies and other things needed in the regi- 
mental hospitalF. 

Next came the survivors of the expedi- 
tion under Gen. Sturgis, defeated at Gun- 
town, Mississippi. These men were in a 
terrible condition after a running fight of 
over a hundred miles, and many of them 
without food for three days. We issued 
largely to them on their arrival here. 

In the meantime, a largo number of hun- 
dred day troops have arrived, and the 
change of habits and climate, with mumps, 
measles, Ac, has caused a large amount of 
sicknefls. These as well as other troops 



are appealing to us for supplies for their 
regimental hospitals. There are in this vi- 
cinity over thirty thousand troops; of these 
about three thousand are sick in general 
and regimental hospitals. In supplying 
the great demand on us for all these, our 
stores are nearl/ exhausted. 

We ask that our necessities maj not be 
forgotteuf as the importance of having a 
good supply has not been so great for the 
past fifteen months as at present 

Another large expedition left here four 
days ago and are opening the Memphis and 
Charleston railroad towards Corinth. The 
advance is about fifty miles from here. 
They are skirmishing continually, and 
every train brings in more or less wounded. 

[Large shipments have been made and 
were on the way when this letter was writ- 
ten.] 

Mr. Grant writes from the same place, 
June 17th, 1864: 

I have been intending every day since my 
return from St Louis to send you a report 
of my operations at this point, but for va- 
rious reasons have delayed it until now. ^ 
We have had a constant influx of sick and 
wounded from the army of the lower Miss- 
issippi, besides many from the late expedi- 
tion to Corinth. Our General Hospitals 
are now quite full, containing in the aggre- 
gate, more than 2,200 patients. The num- 
ber of late has greatly increased in all of 
them, except the smaU-pox, in which there 
has been a rapid dimunition, as yon wiU 
observe by reference to the hospital reports. 
This is usually the case during the warm 
weather of summer. Thus you see there is 
abimdant work for r.ll hands, and as work 
is more important than reports, I hope yon 
will excuse the delay in writing. 

To make a second or third report is a 
matter of some difficulty, for the reason 
that day after day, and week after week, 
our work is the same. Always similar, yet 
never monotonous, because it is constantly 
changing. I am aware that this sounds 
paradoxical, yet it is strictly true. 

Please listen for a moment to an account 
of the daily work of a hospital visitor. He 
go^ to one of the hospitals at 8 A. M. and 
begins his labors, talking with the sick and 
wounded, cheering the despondent with 
hopes of better days, always tuning to 



The Sanitary Commimon Btdletiru 



563 



Hiem the brighfc side of the picture, and 
«hon, comforting the dying with thotie con- 
flolations which Christianity alone can give. 

Again, in the convalescent ward, he must 
listen to the complaints of those who are no 
longer sick, and to the accounts of their 
wants, fancied or real, explaining to some 
that the regulations complained of are ab- 
flolutely necessary, and consoling others 
with the promise of speedy relief. 

Occasionally with pencil, he mokes mem- 
oranda of what needs further attention. 

To-morrow it will be the same; yet as he 
18 conversing with different men, and en- 
ooantering constantly varying difficulties, 
the work is always changing. At times his 
duty takes him to the room of the surgeon 
in charge, and as delicately as possible he 
calls attention to certain cases. '*Here is 
sf^Kwr fellow who will die if he stays here; 
but if he could go home to his wife or 
Smother for 30 or 60 days, he would recover. 
The Northern air would brace him up. 
Would it be contrary to regulations to grant 
iiim a furlough?" 

This is a delicate duty and requires care 
and tact. Here is another man in the con- 
▼alescent ward who has received a wound 
in the knee, and the sinovia has escaped 
from the joint He is permanently disabled 
and wants a discharge, and when obtained, 
be needs some help in getting started home. 

Gases requiring any articles from the 
sanitary stores are supplied after consulting 
with the Agent of the Commission. 

I have made no mention of the instances 
of special relief, for the furloughs and dis- 
charges are in the morning reports of the 
General Hospitals, and the stores distribu- 
ted are on the returns of Capt. Way. 

This work is fatiguing, and after a day's 
labor the mind and body need rest. In 
-visiting our army hospitals one finds some 
things to condemn, and which it woidd be 
well to remedy if it were possible. 

Unfortunately they are beyond the con- 
trol of the Sanitary Commission and its 
agents. One of these, is the rough man- 
ner in which some surgeons talk to and 
handle the sick and wounded. Such con- 
duct in private practice would not be toler- 
atad. They surely have forgotten the old 
adage — " A kind word to the sick is better 
thui physic" In other respects our hos- 



pitals are well kept, being under the con- 
trol of military officers, and subject to mil- 
itary regulations, there is great uniformity 
in all their proceedings. Neatness, clean- 
liness, careful attention to the wants of the 
sick, are the order of the day. 

You are aware that the General Hospi- 
tals have what is called a " Hospital Fund," 
produced by . commutation of surplus ra- 
tions. This meets some of the pressing 
necessities of the sick, but I am informed 
by the surgeons, that owing to the high 
prices of everything in Memphis, it only 
buys about one- fourth of what it would 
purchase in the North. The deficiency is 
made up by the XJ. S. Sanitary Conunis- 
sioiL / have carefuUi/ so ugJU/or instances of 
misapplication of said stores hy^officers, with- 
out finding a single instance^ and am satis- 
fied so fajr as this post is concerned, the 
charge is a gross slander. I write this be- 
cause, having nothing to do personally 
with the stores of the Commission, I feel 
free to speak of the use made of them. 

The vegetables distributed have been of 
incalculable advantage to the troops, espe- 
cially those who' have returned from the 
Bed River Expedition, many of whom 
showed strong symptoms of scurvy. 

The defects in the hospital records have 
given me a great deal of trouble. Some^ 
times I find a man's name and the date of 
his admission, but no record of what be- 
came of him afterwards. Of some who are 
credibly reported by friends as sent to 
a certain hospital, there is no record what- 
ever. This was frequently the case when 
the hospitals were first established here; 
latterly, the registers have been kept with 
greater care; and it is to be hoped, that in 
the future, we may not rfieet with the same 
difficulty in tracing the sick. There has 
appeared in the eye ward of one of our hos- 
pitals a few cases of that peculiar nfibction 
of the visual organs called by medical men 
** hemeralopia," and always in those pa- 
tients having scorbutic symptoms. As the 
disease is of obscure origin, its duration 
uncertain, andtlie rationale of its treatment 
not well understood, it is to be hoped that 
some of our surgeons who are competent to 
the task will carefully investigate the mal- 
ady, with the view of elucidatiiig its ol>- 
scurities. 



664 



The Sanitary Cammisrion BiiUdin. 



IK-TIMONY OF DR. WH££LWBIGUT. 

yiaic7, 1864. 
V. S. Sanitaiy Commit ion: 

SiK— Huvirig j1l^t concluded a visit to the 
••IrMit,"' and particuliiriy to the 9th Army 
Coiph, made under the auspices of the [ 
Coui mission you represent, and which was • 
reiiih'ri:d comparatively easy by the kind \ 
atttntion of itH officerH, I beg to state, in 
fft nr-iHJ, that having been furnished b^ 
Mhjor (ifri)cral Burn side n it h ample facih- 
tii'h U/T visitation and inspection, the ob- 
jecta of mv journey have been satifactorily 
acconjplihfji'd. 

I liuvc had occasion, during several days, 
to ijt^tice the demeanor of officers and men, 
not only *' under tire," but while encoun- 
tering Home of those hardships which are 
alnir>ht insf^piirable from war, and while ex- 
pecting to witueRs courage, endurance and 
put i< lit submifihion to fearful privations, I 
ooiife SH I was not ]jrepared for the cheerful 
alacrity, very eagerijess, with which all 
wrrv nict. And now at the conclusion of 
ujy visit, I can appreciate fully a remark of 
(Jen. Burnnide, when speaking to me of a 
veti-ran regiment which had just returned 
from its iurlougli to the field with but 80 
men, '* Eighty guns I that is equal to 4,000 
men." 

I liavc found no such patriotism at home 
as I liave witnessed in the field, and return 
to Massachusetts t« urge my fellow- citizens 
to redouble their cx( rtiou to mitigate the 
snfleringH, and as far as possible, present 
ti.e hardships of these gallant inheritoi-s of 
the spirit, fortitude and devotion of their 
fathii-H. A most noticeable fact was the 
gratitude of the soldiers (and officers as 
will,) to the Sanitary- Commission fur its 
eilicii'iit and abundant labors. '* We never 
sh(»uld have got along without them," was 
tlie univtTsal testimony of high officials, 
medical and military; and the warm greet- 
ing (»f the private, '*How are jou Sani- 
tary?" bore witness that the tierce rage of 
batth> had not blunted the finer feelings of 
hirt heart. 

With many tl anks for the facilities afford- 
ed ni(> by the Coui mission, and the cour- 
t(;sies extenihHl by ofiieiuls. 

Very faith fnlly yours, 
H. li. WHLiLiiii CnT, M.T)., 

Otneral Agents Uwird of^taS: (:fui^Uttt,/or Mana- hutetts. 



A LKITER FROM JOHN STUAKT OTLIi. 
The oditorifil conimitteo of *' Our Daily Fur*-/' 
of rhiladulphia, have received the followiug avl- 
mirablo letter frOm John Stuart Mill: 

I am sincerely thankAd to the editing com- 
mittee for including nie among tho«o from whom 
thov have invited a public expruhsiou of saui- 
pathy with the cause in which the fre« states of 
Am( rica are 10 heroically shedding their best 
blood. 

The war, jofltifi*bl« ind Iwadable even if it 



had continned to b«, aa it was at first, ooa of 
mere resistanc*? to the extension of alaveiy, is 
becoming, aa it was caay to foresee it wonUI, 
more and more a war of principle for the eom- 
plete eitirpation of that curse. And in pn^Knu 
tion as this has become apparent, tie sympa- 
thies of nearly all in Europe whose approbstiott 
is worth having, are resuming their natual 
coarse, and the caiise of the North will soon hsTS 
no enemies on this side of the Atlantic, bat thost 
who prefer any tyranny, however odious, to a 
triamph of popular government. 

It would be unpardonable did I omit on in 
occasion like this, to express my wannest feel* 
ings of admiration for the Sanita^ Commission, 
History has afforded no other example— though 
it is to be Loped that it will hereafter affcnd 
many— of so great a woik of asefalnesB extem- 
porized by the spontaneous self-devotion and 
organizing genius of a people, altogether inde- 
pendently of the government 

But while the present strnrale has called into 
brilliapt exercise all the hi^ qualities which 
the institutions of the American refmblie havs 
made general among her citizens, it has slso 
laid open— as it is the nature of trying times to 
do— all the weak points in her national liabiti» 
and in the working of her institatious 

These are. doubtleps, &r better known to 
thoughtful Americans than they are likely to bo 
to any foreigner; and this great historical ezi* 
sis will be doubly blessed if it directs attention 
to them. In all states of society the most seri- 
ous danger is that the national mind should 
gu to sleep on the belf satisfied notion that sU' 
is Tif(hi with it; but the great awakening of the 
public conscience which is taking place on the 
one political and social abomination, which has 
done more than all other causes together to de- 
moralixe American politics, has probab y remo- 
ved all danger of tins sort for one generatioii at 
least, and warrants the hope that the American 
people ^ill not rest satisfied with the great ad- 
vantages \(hich no other people and no other 
Government possesses in so high a degree, bat 
will resolve that their democracy ahaU not be 
behind any nation whatever in those elements 
of good government which have been tht^ught 
to find a more congenial soil in otKer states of 
society, and under other political institntionSi 
John Stuabt BIill. 

Avioif03f, May 25, 1864. 



THE COMMISSION ON THE JAMES RIVEB 
AND THB APPOMATTOX. 

Tho^following are extracts from an inter- 
esting series oi letters from Dr. Parrish: 

Jaxem Bxvu, ¥▲.» .faiie 17. ISCA. 

Having been furnished with a pass from 
the Secretary of War and of the Navy, oar 
little fleet took a new start this morning 
from the "Boads," from which J wrote 
last; and we are now passing up the James. 
Intelligence has been received by the arri- 
val of an agent, that jonr advance boat^ 
which left AVhii^ House on the 12th instant^ 
has not only reached City Point with her 
stores and agents, bat has sent forward men 
to the front with comforts and annMtft 
This waa aocomplished before th« Army of 



r 



The Sanitary Comrmsnon BvHettn. 



565 



L 



the Potomftc lind crossed tlie Jiimt^s, and 
the widdom of the expedition is tbua fully 
lastiiftd. Had there bee a twelve Lours 
deUy, it is probable the pontoon bridges 
TsroHiil have obstructed the piwsage of the 
riTer, and our sfcorea would not hiive gone 
(orw/ird. It was known, however, that ftt 
Be-rmuda Hundred there was alrettdy a 
Sanicarj base, with a branch at City Point, 
and another at Point of Rocky, which was 
doing good service for thi* Army of Tirginia 
snd North Carolina, and which would with - 
Jiold nothing that it could give for the 
Army of the Potomao. 

We have, however, aaved that necessity, 
being in advance with a boat load of sup- 
plies and thirty-three auiiliarf relief 
ftgeots. 

We mil up the river at about eiffbt miles 
an hour, passing Harrisoa's Irandtng and 
Powhattan Fort, and found an anchorage 
neAr where, but vestorday, the last train of 
the Armv of the Potomac crossed the south 
mda of the James, Nat far from this spot 
was lying the lute rebel ram Attunta. with 
li«r angry guns, and most awkward decks*. 
Evening is upon us, and our family gather 
in the still twilight, for their acuuutomtjd 
lieyotiona, the opening hymn — 

** I would liot live idway." 

Most of thl) company appreciated th€ 
appropriateness of this m?lection. It was 
«nng with solemnity. After the prayer, it 
W&9 stated that a yonng comrade of the 
an^cUiary relief corps, who but a few days 
«ince had left the White Honse for his 
home in MasAOchasetts, had died a few 
hours after reaching there. Appropriate 
remarks were made ^y those who knew 
him best, and his calm and confiding resig- 
nation was tonchingly described by the 
friend who attended him on his hofioward 
journey. The foUowing preamble was 
nnani mously ad opteil : 

Whereas, QoX, who ordereth all things, 
has seen fit to take to himself, Charles H, 
Stsknley, our brother and co-laborer in our 
Christian work; therefore, 

1. R^^ohedj That we express in a public 
m&nner^ our great aorrow at the loss of one 
whose life was so full of hoi>e and promise* 

2. Re*oited, That we consider his faith* 
fnlnestt in the discharge of his duties in 
the hospitals, his hearty co-operation in 
ill plani for the comfort of onr wonnded, 
and especially his love for their souls, an 
example to be foUowed by every member of 
the Commisflion. 

3. R^otifed, That by this STidden death, 
we are warned that the time for life*s work 
IB short, for the night cometh, wherein no 
man can work; and that we endeavor by 
our efforts in behalf of the suffering, to ad- 
Taaoe the Gospel of Christ, whom the de- 
ee«sed loved, and to whose service lu^ life 

I ileroted. 



4, Ea^glff^il^ That a copy of these reso- 
lutions be sent to the parents of the de* 
ceased, as expressive of our deep sympathy 
iu their great afiictiou, and a]j»o that they 
be published. 

Our young friend Stanley has left behind 
him an inflnenee for good, that will be 
felt by all who treasure the memory of his 
virtu ea 

June 18th.— To-day we reach City Point 
The river is active with stirring vessels; 
troops are arriving, hospitals are transfer- 
red from the White House to this new base, 
and the wharves are being loatled with 
stores and ammunition from Government 
steamers, while the Conimiaaion fiU^ ita 
modest place in the lively panorama. Can- 
nonading is heard in tbe vicinity of Peters- 
burg, a few wounded are coming in, and 
the benevolent visitora from idl qtiarters, 
arc bc^nning their work. The Uommia- 
sion has had its agents and stores here for 
more than six weeks. A new feeding 
station is established from the steamer 
drey, which arrived on Tuesday last, and 
to-day the bountifid supplies from onr fleet 
are being called for. The Elizabeth will 
be away to-morrow, for a load of an ti -scor- 
butics, which awaits her at Norfolk. The 
front, some six miles away, is also suppltt>d, 
and immediately on our arrival an addi- 
tional snppl^ was sent forward. Our dres- 
sers were going about among the boHpitala 
very soon after our landing, and are now still 
occupied. Thus the work— the old work, 
at the new place^ has commenced^ and there 
win be much service, even before the corps 
hospitala are located. 

Orrt F^niT, Ta., Jtme IV, 1SJI4, * 
My last closed with our arrival at thiii 
place, and you will now expect an account 
of the situation. From the anchorage it 
may be discovei^d in its general aspect. 
City Point is on the south side of the Jiimes 
River, at the mouth of tlic Appomattox* 
Two miles dintiint, on the opposite shore, 
i» Bermuda Hundred, situated on the curve 
which unites the Une of the two rivers. 
The James pursues its north wal-d course, 
and is imposing and inviting. The Appo- 
mattox is the water route to Petersburg, 
and is a winding stream lined with pines 
and cyprass. The currents of both are 
united at the little promontory, on the sum* 
mit of which standi the tiiwn, the most 
attractive budding and ground? being on 
the extreme point, a part of which is ui^ed 
as headquarters by the general- in -chief. 
The houses are shell marked, and deserted 
by the citis^ens, and are now chieBy used aa 
hospitals. 

8o far aa the Com m ission is concerned, tha 
situation is inte»resting, and should be un- 
derstood before the establishment of a now 
base* As you know, this departm^^ol, lik 




566 



ITie Saniiary Gommisaion BuBetin. 



doRignated the ** Department of the Penin- 
sula and Norfolk," and is under the charge 
of Dr. McDonahl. Its base of supplies is 
Koifolk. Its line begins at "Wilson's Land- 
ing on the James, about twenty-five miles 
below City Point, embracing Fort Powhat- 
tan, Beimuda Hundred, and following up 
the James to Dutch Gap, where lies the 
extreme right of Maj.-Gen. Butler's line. 
Kunuiiig up the Ai>iJomattox from City 
Point it takes in Spring Hill, crosses the 
river at Point of Rooks, and then continues 
overland to Dutch Gjp again. The line of 
earthworks covers about seven and a half 
miles, apd the line from the base to the 
extreme point northward is about one hun- 
dred and twenty miles. The Commission 
has three statii ns in this department, not 
incluJilif? Norfolk and Portsmouth, viz.: 
at City Point, Bermuda Hundred and Point 
of Rocks. There are thirteen relief agents, 
* who feed the wounded as they come in; 
and when they are not coming, visit the 
diflorent regiments and garrisons to ascer- 
tain the wants of the men and supply 
them, rejid and write for them, and hold 
religious meetings among them. I think I 
mentioned in a late letter, that no meetings 
were held by the Commission for soldiers 
in the Army of the Potomac, but I find 
that it is the custom to do so in the Penin- 
sular and Norfolk Department. The re- 
ligious work at "White House and other 
places, has been mainly i)rivate, quiet, and 
unobserved by those who are not familiar 
with it. The projiriety of holding meet- 
ings in hospitals is, to say the least, very 
doubtful, as the men require rest and quiet; 
and yet the testimony of those who have 
made nioie through trial of them is consid- 
ered favorable. 

At Point of Rocks there is a provisional 
and ft depot Hospital, at Norfolk and Ports- 
moutli four, besides a Lodge, at which there 
were dispensed in the month of May 1,112 
meals and 386 lodgings. At Yorktown and 
Bermuda there are hospitals also, and at 
"Williamsburg the Asylum for the Insane, 
which is supplied from this department. 
£uch regiment has a hospital for the sick 
only, the wounded being carried from the 
front where their wounds are first dressed, 
to Point of Rocks. There they receive a 
second dressing, and are sent to Fortress 
Monroe. The supplies are, of course, dis- 
tributed from Norfolk by steamer, the John 
K. Thompson being in the service of the 
Commission for that purpose. 

To-day I took a tour of observation from 
this place to Point of Rocks, Bermuda Hun- 
dred and Jones' Landing, the latter about 
fifteen miles above here on the James. A 
number of gunboats on the way needed 
BupplwB, and in obedience to the Tecent 
otdor concerning the Navy, tbey 'were Im- 
mMhva With what they required. At Jonetf 
J^iUidwg a small force vaa EtaUoiied W 



■V 



guard the fora^ and stores which are ship- 
ped to that point, and an expedition abont 
starting out throngh a wasted conntry, was 
furnished with a few comforts that th^ 
will need before their return. At Point of 
Rocks and Bermuda Hundred there are 
stations adjacent to hospitals ttom. which 
the Commission dispenses its st9res di- 
rectly to the men in the wards. 

I have referred to a provisional Hospital; 
the term may need some explanation. As 
the General Hospitals at Washington and . 
other points become crowded iof roomp 
those who are in condition for it are sent 
to Convalescent Camps, where they remain 
in process of recovery, and as these in tnin 
become crowded, such as are the nearest 
well are sent to provisional Hospitals, and 
kept till they are able to rejoin their tegi- 
ments. The men using such establish- 
ments may be from a great number of regi- 
ments, and are under care of surgeons spe- 
cially detailed for the service. As th^ 
have no regular organization, they have no 
opportunity of drawing in the regular man- 
ner from Quartermaster or Commissaiy, 
except for army rations. Being often fee- 
ble men, or men with wounds partially 
healed, scarcely sick eiiough for hospital 
or well enough for service, they frequently 
suffer for want of the proper kind of sup- 
plies, and the Commission may be espe- 
cially serviceable under such circumstanoeSi 
This is one of the peculiar cases, of which 
butlittleisknown by thepubHo. ♦ * 

The hospitals will be looated from one 
to two miles up the Appomattox. The tenti 
will bo pitched very soon; we must find 
wharfage at City Poin^ as there can be no 
landing place above, more than will be 
needed for hospital transports and purvsv- 
or's boats, and everv wharf must be buiu. 
The whole ground has been carefully sur- 
veyed. I had the pleasure of acoompanv- 
ing the surveying party. Open fielas, 
swamps, forests, roads, ravines, Ac., were 
all traversed, and the conclusion reached 
that we must locate barges at the Pointy 
and transport supplies to hospitals by wao- 
ons. Feeding stations are temponumgr 
placed at the Point, to supply anv immedi- 
ate or temporary want, but as the several 
corps locate on their new ground, we shsU 
follow and be ready ta serve them, and 
place the feeding stations on the routes to 
steamboats. The auxiliaiy relief com 
will soon be on the hospital ground, and the 
i^tem formerly described will be at work. 
In observing and locating, we discover 
a few trains of wounded coming in, and 
the tents are beginning to be occupied. 
The dressing party are out with their lint 
and bandages, rendering proper aid. lEsnj 
of the troops are colored men. Thev en- 
dxkxe ^kk»xwQra^<^ %a they have endured 



ble to their manhood and to their patriot- 
iain, Bj common consent it is admitted 
tbdt no troojos are more willing, none mora 
TRlianl or victorions, tlian those of sable 
fikin. 

You will erpeet from me to-day some ao- 
count of the hosi>ital ground at this base. 
I premise toy obaervationa on this subject 
by the general remark that compared with 
tfie White House, it is far inferior. The 
fields are large, aud the com on some of 
them ia about three feet Iiigh, This is a 
fine chance for the horses, and will do them 
gooii. It is perhaps quite as agreeable to 
them as strawberries and ice-cream would 
be tu us, who, with dried applet and pota- 
toes as our only stock of fruit and vegeta- 
bles for table use, are content. The soil 
of the hospital tract is Light and aandy, 
much like that of New Jersey on the Dela- 
ware shore. As the hospitals have no floors, 
and the dust is very liglit, there may be 
Bome disadvantage to the wounded on that 
ai^ouut, as no one ean pass to and fro 
mmoug them without disturbing the dust^ 
even within the wards. This will be reme- 
died in a few days, after time is allowed to 
tramp and harden the ground. 

Among the very first things to be done 
m locating a hospital is to find a burial 
spot. Already it has been chosen here. Just 
upon the crown of a slope that falls gently 
toward a wooded ravine, a little cemetery 
has been provided. Before sun -set to-day 
seven soldiers were buried* 4^ ^^^r V^^7 
passed over the ground these men were em- 
ployed iu the sad work of burial. They 
were covering one poor fellow under the 
sand, and two more were lying blanketed 
on the ground* As I lifted the cover from 
the face of one, the expression of compo- 
iiire was most striking. The dust and 
flweftt of battle were atill upon his brow, 
the wound upon the shoulder was carefully 
dreesed, and he had died doubtless with 
but little suffering of body or mind. 
♦ * # ♦ » 

The arrangement of the hospitals into 
corps and their division into separate de- 
narttoents^ is sinular to that at the White 
House. Their organization and that of 
the Commission maintaiu their previous 
relation to the hospitals, and it only re* 
mains for me to notice particularly the 
main feature of difference in the establish- 
ment of a floating hoRpital. You remem- 
ber tbe large North Eiver steamer '* New 
World/' She was hauled up to-day to a 
landing on the Appomattox to take on her 
freigkt of lacerated humanity. This is a 
gre^t institution, free from dust and op- 
pf^sive heat, yet rather too close in some 
parts for wounded men; yet it is an im- 
provement. It has now about one thou- 
aand beds, which may be increased in an 
emer^ener to twelve or Mteen hundred, I 
spent some houiB on hoard of her to-day, 



I '^ 



during the receipt of her patients, and had 
the pleas ore of conducting the labors of a 
party of dressers, detailed from the aiml- 
lary corps of the Commission, in the most 
valuable service of dressing wounds and 
feeding men. They labored assiduously 
from early in the afternoon tUl towardb 
midnight, and the blessing conferred upon 
the sufferers was incalcidable. The sur- 
geon in charge and his assistants kindly 
placed at the disposal of Ihese workers 
whatever they need to complete this sup- 
plementary^ labor. Letters were written to 
absent families, spirit nal comfort adminis- 
tered to the dyin^, and the evening closed 
with much enduHng satisfaction. I note 
below a few instanoes of personal interest: 

No, 1. — A strong man, with both eyea 
blinded. A ball passed into the left tem- 
ple, and had evidently destroyed or greatly 
injured the visual nerves. The eyes wera 
protruded and closed — closed forever. 
Leaning over kim to comfort bimi by ap- 
plications to the inflamed and protruding 
parts, the following conversation was had: 

** My friend, you are serionsly hurt. Do 
you suffer much pain?*' 

* ' I suffer some, but I consider myselt 
very fortunate in not being as bad off aa I 
hear some of my comtades are," 

** That is very good of yon, but really the 
loss of sight is a great aMictiou, and I feel 
for you very mucn.*' 

*'Yes, I know yon do, but I am pretty 
lucky; I had sii balls through my hat be- 
fore I stopped this one, and now I have ii 
in my hecld. I suppose I must keep it for 
a keepsake," 

No. 2,— A boy of eiifteeu. He enlisted 
as a drummer-boy, and as the regiment to 
which he was attached were advancing, hfl 
pressed forward further than was prudent^ 
and received a shot in the right arm. It 
was not a serious wound, but still caused 
much pain. He was asked if he did not 
want to go home now that he had suffered 
from the enemy. •*0h, no," said he, 
** That ain't me; I wouldn't shirk because 
I was hit; I mean to stick to it till the end," 

** But would you not rather be at home 
with your mother, and^ let her dress your 
wound?" 

*' Wellj sir, Tm willing to take my luck 
with the rest of *em; I didn^t conieto fight; 
but as they did knock me, I won't com- 
phiin," 

"Dress my wound easy, sir; hold her up 
careful, and then let me sleep." 

No. 3, — An aged man, shot in his breast, 
and dying. He is the father of nine living 
children. His wife is living, and she does 
not know his condition. After his wound 
is soothed and he is fed as far as be can 
bear, he is asked what else hs ^\il V^ai«« 
done. TViB B-nsw^ax \si^ '' ^»rrw^^ \^ xb.^ \aaaS' 
i£ yon pVeaaes, ftiT\ ^fe\i.\3ti.fcm ^cwSuts^^i 
ten them i^iail ^^^aoou^^^^^^"^^^ 



6S8 



The Sanitary CammiMum Btdletin. 



He was informed that he wonld never see 
his earthly home again. '* Well, if that is 
so," said he, ** I must be content. I have 
tried to do right, and in serving my country, 
I hope I have done right, though I have 
often thought that if "we were all what we 
should be, there would be no fighting with 
oamal weai)ons. Beligion is love, the right 
kind of love; the best kindj sir, and I hope 
I love cvon my enemies, though I find it 
very hard to do so," kc, &c. 

"So. 4. — A slightly wounded man, young 
and vigorous. **What do you need, my 
friend?" ** Onlv one thing, sir, beside my 
supper, which hasn't come round to me 
yet, and that is, that you will write to my 
wife, who will see that our regiment has 
been in the fight, and will, of course, think 
the rcbs have hit me. Tell her, with my 
love, that they did, but they didn't do it to 
hurt; that I'm her husband yet, and the 
country is our country yet, and our flag is 
our flag yet, and I mean to stick to her, 
and the country, and the flag, till the very 
last." 

So I might go on enumerating case after 
ease of interest, but will mention but one 
more. 

A lad of seventeen years, full size, and of 
older appearance; a bad wound in thigh. 

"How came you into the service, my 
friend, so young as you are?" 

**I wanted to come, sir; I thought I 
eOuld do as well as some I knew that are 
older." 

"Where are you from?" 

"I was born, sir, in Pennsylvania, and 
when I am at home, I am a Pennsylvanian, 
but when I enlisted, I enlisted for my 
country; and now that I am here, my home 
is here; I belong to Uncle Sam, sir. 

I furnish below a list of articles sent up 
with our dressers to the wounded in the 
boat. It is the first contribution towards 
the outfit for the vessel.* 

June 22d. — A detail of dressers went 
again to the floating hospital, having been 
assigned by the surgeon in charge to differ- 
ent parts of the boat, so that there should 
be no confusion, the kindly offices of dele- 

gntes of the Christian Commission were 
armoniously incorporated with those of 



* Eeqniiition for 1,200 pfttients on < 
New World." 



'Tloating Hospital 



S bbli. buidAges. 

3 ** old ngu. 
81 bed pans. 

4 boxeg lemoni. 
i bbls. crackers. 
Spongea and bed aaoki in 

quantity. 

5 boxes sherry wine. 
S candles. 
IS bottles bnndy. 
M prs. cmtcliea. 
9M niUow cases. 
1 roll rubber dotli. 
9Q0 splints. 



1 box tea and coffee. 

606 cotton shirts. 

260 " drawers. 

844 " socks. 

144 lbs. ikrina. 

100 tin caps. 

24 wooden buckets. 

48 lanterns. 

12 bottles whiskey. 

400fluis. 

200 sheets. 

88 cushions. 

Quantity mosquito netting. 

Stinpans. 

Stlnpidh^ 

UOlbaLOonii 



our own organization, and all together sac- 
ceeded in supplementing the over-taxed 
service of the medical officers, so that all 
were attended to before they were re-ship- 
ped on the transports for Washington. 

One word about the "New, World." 
She is three stories high, the state rooms 
being used, as of old, and the gtand saloon 
and machinery deck being now fitted out 
with rows of iron bedsteads, uriih white 
sheets and piUows, and fine white doable 
blankets. An elevator is placed near the 
centre, between the gangways, for elevating 
the wounded from the first to either of the 
upper stories; the hatchway is large enough 
to take two stretchers or cots at a time. A 
detail of men work the ropes, while others 
are in readiness to carry them away to their 
respective wards. 

It was a plea<^ure to witness the compar- 
atively complete arrangements thus fur- 
nished by the Medical Department, which, 
with every other branch of tlie service has 
been improving constantlv, with the ever- 
developing experiences of the trying years 
through which we have been passing. 

CiTT PonT. Va., Jtau 284, 1864. 

* * « * * 

When men are disabled by wounds, the 
first thing is to get them off the field. 
Their comrades cannot stop to do this, their 
business being to fill the vacant spaces in 
the ranks and press on with the conflict 
Here then is the necessity for a separate 
organization. The army regulation pro- 
vides for it, bv directing six stretcher bear- 
ers to go witn each regiment, of not less 
than five hundred men and then ambulan- 
ces, with two men attached to each. It is 
the duty of the stretcher-bearers to pick up 
the fallen and cany them to the ambulan- 
ces, which are as near as possible to the 
scene, and return rapidly for others. They 
are then carried directly to the hospitals, 
which may be a mile or more from the bat- 
tle line, and placed in the wards, there be- 
ing another train of ambulances to canj 
those who have been attended to in hospi- 
tals to the base, which is several miles dis- 
tant. Here they are classified; those «rho 
are but slightly wounded are retained to be 
sent back to service again ; when others who 
are able are distributed by transports to 
Northern hospitals. Following them from 
the very beginning, are surgeons and assist- 
ant surgeons, the whole organization, its 
discipline, &c., being under the charge of 
the Medical Director. 

There is a Chief of Corps Ambnlanoe 
Train with the rank of Captain; another 
who is chief of Brigade Ambulance Train, 
and a third who has charge of the R^rimen- 
tal Train with the rank of first and second 
Lieutenant, respectively. A fact in this 
connection has been demonstrated in this 
campaign which is so noteworthy thai I 
willinsertii. Itiathisithattheitoetoher- 




"beAT^ra haYa been unusually veutureaome 
and bmve, bo miicU so, that tu their eager- 
HMB|B^ brinjf the wounded ojf without de* 
^^^^pieyeral have lost their lives under tlie 
^^^Wof the enemj. 

I Another fact equally pr&iaeworUij ia, 

-^ — rgeona have sometimes entienclied 

»lTea temiKirarilj and in adv^anoe of 

allotted places, so as to ba foremost 

rendering r^laef, and that fione of the 

onnded have been sent to the base who 

\Te not been properly examined and at* 

' I to. Ad important feature of the 

ospital is its openttin^^ tent, and its 

^ jn® wagoaa* Tiie ten t h as a tab le and 

w needfiu appliances under the care of 

a man who^se duty it is to keep it and the 

al instru meats in good order and 

for service at any time. A medicine 

is a curiosity, containing all the va- 

of medidnes and uten^iln that are 

for any ordinary drug shop. The 

ttles are compactly arranged in slideSf so 

at they may be sean and ban tiled, and 

yet be secure from bireakage while on a 

march. 

There are three chief operating surgeons 
selected to do the surgery of the corps, each 
one having an assistant, and all of them 

(being chosen for their professional ability 
Irithont reference to rank. 
Fa fltewiird is selected to collect patholo- 
kcal specimens, to prepare and preserve 
liem. Another to make the record of 
ironnda, deaths, &c., and report daily to 
the Medical Director. 

A heutenant of the line is chosen as 
oommissary of bonpital^ whose duty it is to 
keep OD hand one thousajid rations and a 
small herd of beef cattle^ of which there is 
lio scarcity. Indeed, the men are asking 
for salt pork, and it would be a luxury for 
them in the way of change. The cattle are 
in good condition, and are killed as they 
are needed, so that the beef is fresh and 
good. The Comniission is now furnishing 
(o the men in trenches and held^ quantities 
of "saiir krant^" as a convenient and ac- 
ceptable form of vegetable diet. A few po- 
tatoes are occasionally alio we il in the ration, 
but too seldom to be of much service. 
Plenty of coffee and sugar are is-sued. Ice 
is common. It is abundant in hospitals 
and may be had by well troops. The ice- 
houses of the farmers, many of which are 
larg6 and well fitt-ed, furnish the supply. 

I think I stated in a former letter that 
each Army Corps had two wagons belong- 
ing to the Commis^on. If so, I was in 
error. There is one wagon and one Belief 
Agent with each corps permanently. The 
agent oocnpies a tent alongside of the wa^ 
ffon, from which stores are issued to the 
dilTeretit divisions, on the requisitions of 
Bttrge^ins or chaplains, or any responsible 
And Irmt worthy representative of the men. 
The dele^'ates of the Christian Commission 



have the liberty of drawing from our stores, 
and of acting as distributors at their pleas- 
ure; and they use the privilege no more 
^freely than it is granted. Eaoh wagon may 
be replenished every other day by the sup- 
ply train I which leaves the base to a de- 
signated fcpot in the vicinity of the hospit^ 
als every twenty four hours, for I he pur- 
pose of filling the demand. The base draws 
upon Washington ; Washington receives 
from the people; and the people, true to 
the instmttts of humanity^ true to the in- 
terests of the countiy, have never yet witb- 
keld. They never wlU. 

One feature may be noticed in what I 
have written concerDing the front, th^t is 
not sufficiently regarded^ viz-, the piirpose 
to keep the well men from getting sick, as 
they lie in the trenches and under shelter 
tents witbin reach of the enemy's guns* 
Many persons think that the supplies of 
the Commission are exclusively for the sicu 
and wounded; and while it is true that tlim| 
hospital delicacies, &o., are reserved foi^ 
boapitol caseSf it is equally true that saurl 
kraut, pickles, ^e., are no/ adapted to hos- 
pital use. They are purchased for thoso 
who are not on sick call, but who might be, 
but for the vegetable diet which they so 
much need. There are now in store at this 
point one hundred and twenty -eight bar- 
rel of pickles, one hundred and twenty- 
three barrels of saur kraut, and forty kega 
of curry and cabbage, subject to orders from 
the froni tJtdusit^elti. Perhaps the greatest 
' Decesaity of the exposed men is woolen un- 
der clotuing, of which large quantities are 
issued. The Government furnishes cotton 
clotbing, but it is not so valuable as a 
health -preserver in this climate as woolen* ] 
There wiU be a lai-ge demand for flannel 
shirts and drawers, in additioo to those 
needed for hospitals. 

The spires and buil^lings of Petersburg i 
are in view. The fortifications of the ene* | 
my are formidable in extent and constnic- 
tiom Having been routed from their outec ' 
lines, the opportunity for observing th« j 
works is undisturbed. That onr forces 1 
eaptured them by a charge, is an evidence 
of valor for which the Union troops have 
already earned au unexampled reputation. 
A few faint and weary ones are found strug- 
gUng back to the hospitals, or seeking rest 
and deep in the tall pine forests which line 
the roadways. A.mbulances wre coming in 
and discharging their wounded, and other 
ambulances are going to the b^se with their 
loaiLs of patient suAerers. Great trains of 
forage and ammunition are coming and 
empty ones going, till the roads are crowd- 
ed and jammed with the cumbersome trainn; 
the air is HUed with dust, and the harsh, 
roar of the guns rumbles among the pintA 
with fearful po w e r. H orsc m en and f ootiajua 
move along amid the clouds of sand ^"^ 
are almost nn perceived. While Qei 



■'■ifo- 



570 



The Sanitary Commission BvUetin. 



and Colonels and troops are fighting, sur- 
geons and stewards and Commissions are 
binding up the wounds and restoring the 
faint. Fields are desolated, houses are 
burned and burning, the poj>ulation scat- 
tered, and thousands of widows and or- 
phans are being made', for the breath of 
war breatlies waste* and destruction. * ♦ * 

At this base the labors of Sanitary agents 
are moni arduous than at the White House. 
The hospitals an* about two miles from the 
supplies on tlie boats. All the stores have 
to be transported by wagon for this dis- 
tance, and when they reach their destina- 
tion they are carried to the wards through 
clouds of dust and the most enervating 
heat, to the men directly. It is a matter 
of surprise that being Unaccustomed to 
this kind of c^xi)osure, the* gentlemen of 
the Commission endure as they do. The 
heat is most exhausting, the water i^oor, 
and the dust almost intolerable. One 
thought, however, sustAins the heart and 
strengthens the will, and that is that the 
soldi(^rs suffer far more, and endure suffer- 
ing with a i)atience that forbids complaint 
on the ])art of those who ministi>r to them. 

I will close by noticing a little visitor 
who i)res(»nted himself on board the barge 

this P. M. Constantine J , a boy 

who says he is "eleven going on twelve;" 
his home is Indianapolis, Ind., his mother 
not living. Constantine is a very small 
boy, light hair, blue eyes, freckled face, 
bare footed and almost without clothing; 
he has been with the Second Pennsylvania 
Heavy Artillery, and was brought here by 
its chaplain. The little fellow was enticed 
away from his home a year ago by soldiers, 
and has bei^n following the army ever since, 
finally finding protection with the artillery. 
He is not home-sick; says he sometimes 
feels like going home, but likes the army 
very much. He describes the battle of 
Mine Hill with j^eculiar interest; says that 
several shell burst not far from him and 
scared him a little, but he ** would'nt run." 
He says a Dutch captain tried to get him 
to run, but he would'nt do it, i^referring to 
shield himself behind a stump and see it 
through. He is getting washed, and some 
clothing is being shortened to fit him, that 
he may be forwarded by to-morrow's mtis- 
senger to the Washington office, and thence 
to Ms home. 

I cannot well forbear writing an incident 
which toached me very mnch a few days 
since. It is well known that the Commis- 
sion does not issue army clothing to men 
in the field, and yet if a soldier is pantless, 
he is very apt to come to the Commission 
to be snppbed. One such came a few days 
' ''oe. and applied at the counter for a pair 
There were none for him, 
«im diBOonaoVaVe, 
i Stepped up and. 
, paiz ol dxttwexft 



besides these pants, you shall have the 
pants," and off they came, and wore in a 
few moments on the soldier. By the aid 
of a few buttons the drawers were convert- 
ed into respectable trousers, and the giver 
was more delighted apparently than the re- 
ceiver. 

A few days since I saw a poor little dmm- 
mer boy come to the counter for a pair of 
shoes. He asked modestly, and on being 
told that the last pair had been sent away, 
he rei>Iied, ** Well, I can get along a litUe 
while longer with these, but they are hardly 
worth putting on," and was about to go 
away, and I noticed the eyes of an agent 
to fill w^ith the swelling tide from his heart 
as he called the boy back, and said, "Here, 
my good fellow, you shan't go without new 
slioes, tak(^ mine!" He was not permitted, 
however, to part with them, but another 
stepped forward and furnished the means 
of purchasing a pair, (not soldiers' shoes,) 
from a party who had them for sale, so that 
the drummer boy went away satisfied. 






NOTES OX NURSING. 

OBSERVATION OF THE SICK. 

Almost all superstitions arc owing to l>ad ob- 
Bcrvation, to the poxt hoc, er^o proptr-r hoe : and 
bad ol)8ervers are almost all superstitious Far- 
mers used to attribute disease amon^ cattle to 
witchcraft; weddinj^ii have bpnn attributed to 
peeing one maficpio. deaths to sccinff three ; and 
I have heard the most highly educated now-a- 
days draw consequences for the sick clcoely re- 
sembling these. 

Another remark: althouirh there is unqncstion- 
ably a physiognomy of disease as well as of 
health ; of all parts of the body, the face is per- 
haps the one which tells the least to the common 
ol)8erver or the casual visitor. Because, of all 
parts of the body, it is the one most exposed to 
other influences, besides health. And people never, 
or scarcely ever, observe enough to know how to 
distinguish between the effect of exposure, of ro- 
bust health, of a tender skin, of a tendency to 
congestion, of suffusion, flushing, or many other 
thinjirs. Again, the face is often the last to show 
emaciation. 1 should say th^it the hand was m 
much surer test than the face, both as to flesh, 
color, circulation, &c. It is true that there are 
some diseases which are only betraye«l at all by 
something in the face, e. r/., the eye or the tongue, 
as great irritability of brain by the appearance of 
the pupil of the eye. But we arc talking of cas- 
ual, not minute, observation. And few minote ob- 
servers will hesitate to say that far more nntroth 
than truth is conveyed by the oft repeated words, 
he looks well, or ill, or better or worse. 

Wonderful is the way in which people will go 
upon the slightest observation, or often upon no 
observation at all, or upon some saw which the 
world's experience, if it had any, would have pro- 
nounced utterly false long ago. 

1 have known patients dying of sheer pain, ez- 
haustion, and want of sleep, from one of the most 
Wxv^mivf, v\<\. mvEvlxA dvMaflea known, preserve, 
WW N^WVivti «k \«« ^V3% ^"^ ^'»JX^, TtfsN. wiV^ thft 



pc^MVflc^ of Ik robust cblld. And ncorcv of tttnpB 
bftve I lieiy^ ihtH^^uafoftunnle er^aturea nj^saiUd 
witli, '* I ftm glad lo i!e« jou look I tig bd wiflL^' 
••I me no rt?»*oti wb/ jou should not. live Oil 
iiitii*tf years of nge,* ' " H'by doirt jou tuke a 
littk moro exercise and nmustmHrit/' with all 
the oibu* cotnaioapliic<f£ whh >vlucb we are so 
fammta. 

Thtre !», anquestion&bj/, » phjslogQomj of 
dlgpftse. Let the nurse leurn it. 

The eKpt-rieocod nun* cnu &lwttj» tell that a 
permn lias taken a narcotic ibe uight Ik.- fore hy 
tbe pfttebiueis of the coUr about the faco. when 
1M nMCtbn of depression km set in ; thitt rery 
color wbich the ineJCperieuced will poiut to as a 
proof of henKb. * 

There h, again, a fatntoeiB, wbich does not b«~ 
ttnj itself by the color at all. or ui which tbe 
p&lieni becomca brown iostead of white. There Is 
n fainm««t of anotbcr kind* wbich^ it l& true^ can 
Elwajf b« ieen by the ]>a1eueBs. 

But the uur?e BcJdum dlsttinguishea. She will 
talk to the patient wbo is too fEiiat to mo^e. 
witboQt tbe least scruple, uule^^s be m pale, and 
nnleai, luckely for him, the mubcleij of the throat 
are afTfCled and he loses bis voice. 

Tet lht*8e two faintncs^s are perfectly distln- 
gnlebabk, by the mvre couuteoance Of the pa- 
tleot 

Again, the nurse muit difttlnguie$h betwc^&o ihe 
IdlcwjncraeicB of patients. One tikes to suffer out 
alt bit auffuilng ^lone, to be ai) iHtle lookrd after 
■A potilble. Another Ukes to be perpetually made 
maeb of and pitied, wid to have Boms one always 
by bim. Boib thtse pecuUsrities might b^ ob- 
served and iudutged much more than Ibtj i,r«,| 
For quite aa often does it happen that a buay at- 
leDdauoe is forced ujjon tbe first patient, wbo 
wi«bea for uothiog but 1o be '' let atone/^ as 
tbat Ihe ^cood is left to think himself ne|leoted. 

Agmio. I think tbat few things prew !<» Deadly 
on one suffering from long and iucorable illn^^, 
fts Ibe necessity of recording ia words from t)in« 
to time, for ihe information of tbe nurse, wbo will 
not oiberwiae see, that be can out do this or that» 
which be coo Id do a month or a year ago. What 
ia a nurise there for if she caonut observe the^ 
Ihlngt for herself? Yet I huvt* known— uud 
known too among tboae — and chirflj among those 
^wbom money and position put in pcwaeBBion of 
ef^y tbiog which money and position could 
give — I have known, I say, more ace idente^, (faiaU 
ilowly or rapidly,) arising from thi» want of oh- 
•eTTation among nurses than from almost any- 
Ihiog else. Hecaust,' a patient could get out of a 
warm bmth alone a moQVh ago— because a patient 
could walk as far as hia bell a week ago. (he nunc 
concludea that be can do so now. She bfin never 
observed the cbange ^ and the patient ia lost from 
being left in a belpless state of esthauslion, till 
aome one accidentally comes in. And thU not 
from any unexpected apoplectic, paralytic^ or 
fainting Qt, (thougb even these ooutd he expected 
fU' more, at least, tban they are now. If we did 
bot obserye,) No, from the nnexp tooted, or to be 
eipected, inevitable, visible, cakulable, uuinter- 
mpted Increfise of weakness, whkb none need fall 
to observe, 

AfAlo, a patient not usually confined to bed, ia 
compelled by an attack of diarrhea, votniting, or 
otber accident, to keep bis bed for a few days; he 
^et f up /or the Sr»i timef and the nurne leld him 
imoit^rr&om, without camiog ia, % fuw 




msDUtea after ward^ to look after him* It never 
occurs to b-^r tbut be is quite certain to be faint, 
or cold, or to wiiut tomr thing. She i^ays, a§ her 
exctwe. Oh, he does not like to be fidgi^tted after. 
Yea, he fiaid so some wet^ks ago; hut he never 
said he did riot like to tie '* fidget tf-d after.^* when 
he is in the (state he is in now; and if he did^ you 
ought to make some excuse to go in to bim. Mora 
ptitltfutfl have been loi^t in this way than la at 
ail generally known, viz,, from relapsea brought 
on by being left for an hour or two frtint, or cold^ 
or hungry, afttr getting up for the flrfit lime. 

Yet it appears that cearcely any improvement 
in tbe faculty of ohnervlng is being mude. Vast 
bad beeu the Incrt^ase of knowledge In pathology 
^Ihat science which teacher us the final change 
produced by diseuHe on the human ff arae^^carce 
any in the art of ohserviug tbe signa of the cbanga 
while ^n progress. Or, rather, i% it not to be 
feared thiit observation, as an e«sentlal part of 
njedicine, has been declining? 

Which of us hm not heard fifty times, from one 
or another, a nur^, or a friend nf the eiek, aye, 
and a medical friend, too. tbe following remark : 
" So A, is worse, or B, ii* dead. I eaw him the 
day before : 1 thought him ho much better; there 
eortiinly was no appearance from which ana 
coutd have expi^cted so sudden ( I) a change,*' I 
have never heard any one uiy, though one would 
think it the mor-* tmtural thing, ** There wMsi 
have been soim appearance, which I should have 
f^en if I bad but looked; letme tiy and remember 
what there wa*, that I may observe another * 
time.'' No, this is not what people pay. They 
boldly aMiTt that thi^re wa^ nothing to obeerve, 
not tbut their obeervatiou wa« at fault^ 

Let people wbo bave to obsi-rve Bicknesa and 
death look biick and try to re^lHter in their ob- 
servalion the appeamncea which have preceded 
relapae, atlackT or death, and not assert that 
there were oooe, or that there were not the right 
ones. 

It falla to few ever to have had the oppurtumty 
of obf^erving the different ajtpects which tbe hu- 
man face puts on at tbe suddefi approach of cer- 
tain lorms of death by violence; and as it Is a 
knowledge of little uhl', f only mention ti here as 
being the most startling example of what I mean. 
In the nervoua lemperaineat ihe face btcomea 
pale, (this is ibe only recognized effL-ct;) in tbe 
sanguine temperameut purple; lu tbe bjUtoOa 
yellow, or every manner of color in patcbea. 
Now. it is generally anppoFted that paleness Is the 
one Indication of almost any violent change in the 
bnmau being, whether from trrrof, disease, of 
anything el-ie. There can be no more false ob- 
servation. Granted, it i** the onerecogniEed livery, 
as I bave said— cie ngueur iu oovels, but nowhere 
else, 

A want of the babit of observing condition* 
and au invelerate habit of taking averages arc 
each of Ibetn oUen cgnally misleading. 

Men who$e profea.^ion like that of tuedical men 
leads them to observe only, or chiefly, palpable 
and permanent organic changes are often Just as 
wrong in their opiuion of the result as those who 
do not observe at all. For instance, there is a 
broken leg; the surgeon has only to look at It 
once io know; it will not be different if he eeea [t 
i u th e morn i u g to w bat U v? a^^^l 'ck^^'si ^ \» i^a^^iafc. Naa 
seen it \n lUe evvu\iv%, M\i m ^\iftX«i\vi\ <i'^'^^>- 




672 



The Sanitary Commission Bulletin. 



with many organic (lii»«»a»»e9. An experienced 
physician hns but to feel the pi]1«R once, nnd he 
knows th It (here is aneurism which will kill pome 
time or other. 

But with the f^reat majority of casen. there is 
Dothing of the kind; and the power of forming 
any correct opinion a^ to the ronult muAt entirely 
depend upon an inquiry into all the conditioiis in 
which the patient livci«. In a complicated slate 
of Focirty in large towns, d«*«th. a« every one of 
great expcri<^nce knows, is far l*'ss often produced 
by any one organic di!*pase than by some illuesii. 
after many other disiiasoA. producing j'Ht Ihe sum 
of exhaustion n«K5C.»Hary for death. Thern is noth- 
ing Fo absurd, nothing so miMl<Miding as the ver- 
dict one so ofton hearn: So-and-so his no organic 
disease — there is no reason why he should not 
live to extreme old a^e; som«*times the clause is 
added, sometimes noM Provided he has (|uiet, 
good fo4Nl. good air, &c., &g . Jkc; the verdict is 
repfatt'd by ignorant p-jople w thout the latter 
clau'^e; or there is no possibility of the conditions 
of the latter clause being obtnint d; and this, the 
only essential part of the whole, is made of no 
e£fect. I have heanl a physician, deservedly em- 
inent, assure the friends of a patient of his recov- 
ery. Why? Because he had now prescrilxnl a 
course, every detail of which the patient had fol- 
lowed for years And l>ecause he had forbidden 
a course which the patient could not by any pos- 
sibility alter. 

I have known two cavs. the one '>f a man who 
intentionally and repeatedly displaced a disloca- 
tion, and w.is kept and petted by all the surgeons; 
the other of one who was pronounced to have 
nothin*; thn matter with him. there being no or- 
ganic cliunge perceptible, but who die<l within 
the wei'k. In both these cases, it was the nurse 
who. by accurately pointing out what she had 
accurately ol«i'rved, to the doctors, saved the one 
case from p-ir-^evering in a fraud, the oth«»r from 
being di^harged when actually in a dying state. 

I will even go further and say. that in diseases 

which have their origin in the feeble or irregular 

action of some function, and ncTt in organic 

change, it is quite an accident if the doctor who 

sees the cane only once a day, and generally at 

the same tim**. can form any but a negative idea 

of its real condition. In the middle of the d-iy, 

when such a patient has been refreshed by light 

and air. by his tea. his beef-tea. and his brandy, 

by hot bottles to his feet, by being washed and 

by clean linen, you can scarcely b'^lieve that he 

is the same person as lay with a rapid flutturing 

pulse, with puffed eyelids, with short breath, cold 

limbs, and unsteady hands this morning. Now 

what is a nurse to do in such a case ? Not cry, 

" Lord, bless you, sir, why youM have thought 

he were a dying all night." This may l)c true, 

bat it is not the way tu impress with the truth a 

doctor, more capable of forming a judgment fVom 

the facta, if he did bat know them, than you arc. 

What he wants is not your opinion, however re- 

■peetftiUy-giTen, but jour facts. In all diseases 

U *■ Important, bat in diseases which do not run 

•«* vid fized eopnie, it Is not only impor- 

■"^antlal that the facts the nurse alone 

boald be accurately observed, and 

■ortod to the doctor. 

* *ha mine's attention to the ez- 

B Bat iinfrcqiiaal\y \u \^« 

%a dftf. A 7«ry 



pu1'<e becomes quick, perhaps 130, and so thready 
it is not like a pulse at all. but like a striog vi- 
brating just underneath the skin. After this the 
patient gets no more sleep. About mid-day the 
pulse has come down to 80; and though feeble 
and compressible, is a very respectable pulse. 
At night, if the patient has had a day of excite- 
ment, it is almost imperceptible. But, if the pa- 
tient has had a good day. it is stronger and 
steadier, and not quicker than at mid-day. Thii 
is a common history of a common pulse; and oth- 
ers, equally varying during the day, might be 
given. Now. in inflammation, which may almost 
always be delected by t*ie pulse, in typhoid fever, 
which is accompanied by the low pulse that noth- 
ing will raise, there is no such great variation. 
And doctor^ and nurses become accustomed not 
to look for it. The doctor indeed cannot Bot 
the variation is in itself an important feature. 

Ca.«e8 like the above often " go oflf rather sud- 
denly,'- as it is called, from some trifling ail- 
ment of a few days, which just maktss up the sum 
of exhaustion necessary to produce death. Aod 
everybody cries, Who would have thought it? ex- 
cept the observing nurse, if there is one, who hsd 
always expected the exhanstion to come, fr^m 
which there would be no rally, because she knew 
the patient had no capital In strength on which to 
draw, if he failed for a fiw days to make hii 
barely daily income in sleep and nutrition. 

I have often seim really good nurses distressed, 
because they could not impress the doctor with 
the real danger of their patient; and quite pro- 
voktKl because the patient "would look " either 
"so much better" or '*so much worse" than he 
really is ** when the doctor was then*." The 
distress is very legitimate, but it generally arises 
from the nurse not having the power of laying 
clearly and shortly before the doctor the facts 
from which she derives her opinion, or fh)m the 
doctor being ha^ty and inexperienced, and not 
capable of eliciting them. A man who really 
cares for his patients, will soon learn to a«ik for 
and appreciate the information of a nurse, who is 
at once a careful observer and a dear reporter. 

Undoubtedly a person of no scientiflc knowl- 
edge whatever, but of observation and experience 
in these kinds of conditions, will be able to arrive 
at a much truer guess as to the probable duration 
of life of mcmbiTs of a family or inmates of a 
house, than the most scientiflc phvsician to whom 
the same persons are brought to have their pnlss 
felt; no inquiry being inade into their condi- 
tions. 

In Life Insurance and such like societies, were 
they instead of having the person examined by 
the m'xlical man, to have the houses, conditions, 
ways of life, of theiie persons examined, at how 
much truer results would thej arrive I W*. Smith 
appears a fine hale man, but it might be known 
that the next cholera epidemic he runs a bad 
chance. Mr. and Mrs. J. arc a strong h(*aUhy 
couple, bat it might be known that they live in 
such a house, in such a part of London, so near 
the river, that thev will kill four-fifths of their 
children; which of the children will be the ones 
to survive might also be known. 

Averages again seduce us away from minute 

observation. ** Average mortalities" merely 

tell that so many par cent die in this town and 

«o m\i\\3 IxiVhat, per annum. But whether A or 

i Yt ^\V\ Xx^ vGawi% ^3tl«R^ ^^ ** v^aca^e rate of 



22 to 24 pr^r l.(K>:) will die ia London n«xt jew. 
Bui mliju^ tnqulrh'a iuio condiUoEiis euRbb na lo 
koow tbat Lu Bucb & district, imj, In Rucb a etri^it 
— or «?Ten oa oiie i*ide of tb«itsl7t!0tjn »uch a par- 
tic a I *ir hi ►use. or even on out ^uor of that partic- 
al»r house, will be ide excess of miritility* that 
k. the perROQ wtU die who oughi not to hare 
died before old ftge. 

NijMf. i^'ould It not very materially alter the 
optointi of whoever were eudedvoring to form one* 
if he k»ew thiLt Jrom thut fiot»r, of ib&t hoose, of 
that fttreet the mun oame. 

AUicb more precjse intifht be onr obaervjitlon* 
even than thifi, and much more correct our con* 
clu-<iotiB. 

It ifl well known tbfti the same namea may be 
mati eonRtaotlj recurficig on workhouse booke 
for geiii^fiitloaft. That U, the pei^oaii werij bora 
sod brought ap. nod will be born and brought 
tip. gcuifnitioti iifWr geuertitlont in the cotiditioiiB 
which makt* piiujuirs. Death and disease are like 
tbe wurkboii-^it, ihfy take from the name (uraily, 
th*? Biirae hotiie, or ku other word«. the i^ame con- 
ditioae. Why will we uot observe what Ihej are? 

Tbt? GlmQ uliserviAnay safely predict that suoh 
m family, whether lt« nieinbtirii marry or tiot, wiU 
became tfiiiijet; tbiit iuch anotbtir will de^ener- 
ftte monUly atid phyt^ieully. li^it who U'arti^ the 
lenon! Un the coiUriiry. it rouy be well knowti 
tbat tbe dnidreo die iu f>ueb a buuse at the rate 
of S out ot 10; one would iblnk tbtit oothiog more 
need be mid; for how could Providence speak 
more dintiuotiy! yet nabody U^itten^, the fHUitly 
goes nn livmj^'ihere till it dies oat, and then mmm 
other finnil^ tiikt!A It. Neither would they lieten 
** if otje ru3« froTD the dead/' 

In dwelling opun ib« vital importance of fciinti 
obeei vatioQf it mudt never be loet a!i;ht nt whiit 
ob«er ration h fur. It h not for the auke of piling 
up miscellaneous mformivtien or curious facts*, 
but tor the »nke of driving life and increasing: 
liff&ttb and eomfurt. The c*4Ution may st^pm us^y- 
iem, but it iri quite turprintig bow mtwy lueii 
(aome women do it too,) practieallj beh^ire a» if 
the scientifle end were the only one in view, or as 
if tbe aiek Ijody were but a rei^ervoir for Ktowiog 
medicines iuto, and the surgical diRease only a 
carioui ca^e the Butfrrer bat* made for the atteod- 
ftut'fi special infor(Hniion. This is really no ex- 
aggeration. You thiuk, if you au^^pecied your 
patient was being poisouf d, siiy, by a coppcir ket- 
tle. ^Qu would itietanily, n^ you ouij^bt, cut off all 
po»(ible connection between bim atid the Aue» 
pected Mjurce of injury without rei^ard to the luct 
that a cuiiouA mine of ob«c>rvation is thereby 
lo»t. But it li not everybody who doen ^^ and it 
bas actually been made a quotation of mediciil 
etbics, what should the medical mwa do if he sua- 
lieotvd poiionlugT The answer seems a very 
timple one — ^innist on a conlidential nurse being 
plaGtd with the patient, or gue tip the case. 

Aod remember every nur»se pho«bl be one who 
il ki be depepdyd upon. In other w^rdn, capable 
of being a ■■ con fide u liar' uurf^e, She does not 
know bow poouf^he may find berpelf placed iu such 
a iitttfttion; nha must bn eio gossip, nu vaiu talker; 
the should never answer queKtioDS about her siek 
except to thoae who have a right lo ask them; she 
ma«t, i need not say, be strictly sober and honeat; 
but more tbau this. Hhe muft be a religious and 
devoted woman; «he must have a re^^pi^ct lor her 
dWD calling, brftause God*s preciouff gift of li/e ift 
^k# Uksrmiljr plikcvd ia her ii&ndti «he must be 



a flonndt and elose, and qnick ob«erver^ and elie 
mn^ be a wounui of delicate and deceut feeling. 
To return to the question of wbat observation 
IS for: — It would really seem as if s^jme had con^ 
»ider<'d it as hh own end, a*^ if detection, not cure, 
Vk'a.% their bur«int'S-*, nuy more, iiva recent celebra- 
ied trial, three medicul mi>n. according tu tbelr 
own account, Kaiipecled poiton, pretcribed for 
dyc^eutery^ and left the patient to tb«? poisoner. 
This Ih an i^xtreme case, ftut in aMimll wuy, the 
same manner of acting fill U und^r the eo^nizauco 
of us all. How often tbe attendants of a caea 
have stated tlmt I hey knew prtfaUij well thai 
the patient could not get well tn such au air, iu 
su{^h a room, or under snob ctrcumstauces, yet 
b&ve gone on dojiiog him wilh mi'dicinc, and 
makinsr no eOutt to remove tT}e poicon irom him, 
or him irom the puiFon which th^^ koew wua bill- 
iug him; nay, more, have sometimes not ^t much 
as men Honed tbolr couvictiou in the right quarter 
— that is, tit tbe only per-on who could act in tbe 
mat ter. — Mi^3 Alghtitt^afc. 

PROTECTIVE 

or THK 

STATE OF NEW YOEK 

--^ 

OFFICE, 35 CHAMEEES STEEET, 

President* 
Libijt--Oen. WINFIELD SCOTT, 

Vice-Presidents. 
HoK HAMILTON FISH. 
JOHK J. CiyCO, Esti. 
ADMIEAL, DUPONT. 
BUDOLPH A. WITTHAUSv Esq. 

Tre £LSiir6T 
BOBT. B. MINTUBN, Esq, 

Directors* 

HoTTS. E. B, MOKGAN, GEOKGE OPDYKE, 
HIKAM BABNEY, JAS. W. TI^EKMAN, Rsr, 
H, W. BELLOWH, D.D. llEs^i^m. JOHN JACOB 
A8T0R, JAIMEH liltOWN, WM. H, ASPlKWALf^ 
JA>^ GALLATIN. HOWARD FOTTKli. WM. E, 
DoDGE, Ja., TilEODOllE ItOOWEVKLT, PKTEB 
COOrEIl, GEORGE BAl^CROFP, DAJIIEL LOUD, 
%TLaON Q. eUNlCBOBT, L. HTUAIiT, ALFBElJ 
PELL. 

Apply in person ur by letter, to 

HENRY GREENFIELD, Secy^ 

S5 Chambees Stbeet, New Tork. 




OBJECTS OF THE ASSOCIATION, 

Isi. To secure the soldiery and sailors and 
their famthex^ an v cifiijns for pemtoit^^ p^y, 
or hounttf^ efc., miftotd cosi to the dain tmL 

2rf, fftprxtteU stddiers or miiors aidiJ^^, 
fmmilie» from impoature and fraud, 

3d To prevent fake claims frotn being 
mode aaainsiihs Qo'eemment. 

4iL TO gipe graiuUous odtjioe ci^ i^«-- 
motion to soldicra emd tai3Uyr^ ot "OMk^ J«mfc- 
liei needing ik 



574 



The Sanitary Commission BuUdin. 



THE U. S. SANITARY COMMISSION 

Was constituted by the Secretary of War in 
June, 1861, in accordAuce with the recommen- 
dation of the Surgeon-General of the U. S. 
Army, and its appointment and ])lan of organi- 
zation were ai^)roved by the I'roHident of the 
United States. Its present organization is as 
follows: 

H. W. Bellows, D.D., New York. 

A. D. Biiche, LL.D.. "Washington, D. 0. 

F. L. Olmsted, California. 

George T. Strong, Esq., New York. 

Elisha Harris, M.D., New York. 

W. H. Van Buren, M.D., New York. 

A. E. Shiras, U. S. A. 

R. C. Wood, Assisbint Surg.-Gen'l U. S. A. 

Wolcott Gibbs, M.I)., New York. 

8. G. Howe, M.D., Boston, Ma.ss. 

C. R. Agnew, M.D., New York. 

J. S. Newborn', M.D., Cleveland, Ohio. 

lit Rev. T. :^L Clarke, rrovidence, R I. 

Hon. R W. Burnett Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Hon. !Mark Skinner, Chicago, 111. 

Hon. Joseph Holt Washington, D. C. 

Hora(!e Binney, Jr., Phibidelphia, Penn. 

Rev. J. H. Heywood, LoiiisMlle, Ky. 

J. Huntington Wolcott Boston, Mass. 

Prof. Fairman Rogers, Philadelphia, Penn. 

C. J. StiU6. 

Ezra B. McCagg, Cldeago, HI 

officers: 
H. W. Bellows, D.D., President. 
A. 1). lijiflus LL.1)., Vicn-rri-sident 
G(?()r«;i' T. Stnuig, Trc■Jl^'1ln•^. 
J. Foster JjMjkiiiH, M.D., (Jeiiorul Seor<»tary, 
J. S. Ni-wln-riy, 1^1. D., .\rts(>i'iat(^ SeiTftary. 
J. H. DoiiplaM, M.l)., A'^Hooiiite Secretary. 
F. N. Knaiip, Assmuate Secretary. 

KTANinNO <'o3rMm'i:E. 
Henry W. B.llo\v.s, D.l). 
(n'DI-^'O T. Stroll!^. 
Willi;nii H. Van nuren, M.D. 
W(.U'ott Gibbs, M.D. 
C. It. Agnew, M.D. 



HOSPITAL DIRECTORY. 

Tho Sanitary ComnusHion lm» niU'lo arrauijomonta 
for (•upplyiiig infunaation (^nituitonsly, with n'i^unl to 
patluutH iu all the Unitod StatoH (H'iu.>rai Ilospitaltf. 

For iiifnniiatiou relative to patirnt-* in tlio HoHpItals in 
New Yi^rk. Nrw JorHt-y, th«' Now Kniil;in<l .*«r:it«'S, Kiist- 
em Virginia, Marylanil, Distrit't of Culurnbia, North 
Carolinii. SiMith Carolina, Fluriila auil I^iuisunu. addruns 
•'Olttco of Sanitary Connuii»!iiun, \Va'*luM^ton, D. C." 

For the Ilospitalfl in roiinsylvania. atldn'Sfl "Odlre of 
Sanitary ComniiHsiun, No. 1,3U7 Chestnut Street, Phila- 
delphia." 

For the Hosqiitals in WoHt».'m Virijlnla, Ohio, Tmliana, 
UlinoU. MiHiMiuri, Iowa, Kentucky, TennpHRci*, Missia- 
sippi, and Arkansas, addroiM "Olllco Sanitary Com- 
mlHsion, LoulHvillc, Ky." 

In aU case* the name, rank, corapany, and regiment of 
the penon iuqulred for ahonld be Kiv«?n, and where he 
WM when last neard fbom. If the application ia by letter, 
the answer will be sent by re.tnru of mail ; if in perHon, 
It will be aiuwend at once ; or if by telcin^ph. an 
r wlll 1m zatwiied immediately at the Inquirer's 



editors, and 
of humanity more 
Widely dlsaemlnatinK 



SUPPLY DEPARTMENT. 

Tlie Sanitary Commission, under special author> 
ity of the Prenirlent of the United States, maintains 
an extftnHive avHtem of agencies for secuzini; the 
safe conveyance to, and distribution of, goods pot 
in its cliurf^e fi>r the sick and wounded at pomti 
where thoy are most wanted. It operates with 
equal care 'and penenwity at all points— at New Or- 
leans and at ^VaHhin^tnl^ bufore Charlestnn and at 
Chattan^Kjga— its dlMtributions beinpr ROTemed by a 
coniparisoii of tlui wantH of the patients in all cases. 
Tlio following is a list of dejiots, to which auxiliarr 
socioti<!S. and all dis]x»8eu to aid the sick ana 
wounded, without reference toStut-cs or localities, 
but simplv to tluir relative neoesct-.ty for assist- 
ance, are invited to send their offerings: 

Sanitar}- Commission, Branch Depot, No. 18 West 
Strei't, I^iHton, Mass. 

Saniturv ConiniisHion, Branch Depot, No. 10 8d 
Avenue, New York. 

Hanitar}' Commiyrtion, Branch Depot, No. 1,907 
Chestnut Street, Philadul])hia. 

Sanitary C-<>nimiHi«ion, Branch Depot, No. 4A 
South Sharp Street, Baltimore. Md. 

Sanitary CommiHsion, Branch Depot, comer Tine 
and Sixth Streets, Cincinnati, O. 

Sanitary Ciimmis^ion, Jfaranch Depot, No. 95 
Bunk Stret^t, Cleveland, O.^ 

Sanitar}' Cv)nunisHion. Branch Depot, No. 66 Mad- 
ison Street, Chicago, 111. 

Sanitary C-ommission, Branch Depot, No. 2 Ad- 
am's Block, Buffalo, New York. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 59 4th 
Street, Pittsburg, Penn. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 3*2 Larw 
ned Street, Detroit, Mich. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Columbus, 
Ohio. 

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Fifth Street, 
Lrmwville, Ky. 

The Commission receives no pecuniary aid what- 
ever fn»ni the Gove.niment, and is wlnTlly depend- 
ent on the vdluntarj' contributions of the public for 
the nieaim of Hustaining its oiM?ratious. Coutribu- 
tions to the Treat>ury are solicited, and may ba 
transmit ti'il to George T. Strong, Esq., Treasurer, 
08 Wall Street, N. Y. 



RELIEF DEPARTMENT. 

Oencral Suix^rlntcndeut, lie v. F. N. Knapp, Washiiiflk 
ton, I). C. Chii'f AHBintant. J. B. Abbott 

8<)lih<*rM' Home, ut-ar Baltimore Itailroad Depot, Waslii 
inctun. I). (\ 

Soiilicr'H I^Hlge. 7(> KlugBton Street, Boston. 

LrfiiUo No. 4, H Strtft, butwecu l:tth and Uth Streetii 

I^mIki* No. \ MaryUud Avenue, near Kaihroad tjtatloib 

NurticH' Home, WaNhington, D. C. 

SohlurH' Hiime, Third Ktri'et, eaHt of Broadway. Cin- 
cinnati, (.Uuo— r^iL (K \V. D. Audrf>WB. Hup't. 

SoUlierH' Home. Cairo, 111. — C. N. Shipuiau, Sup't and 
Bi-Uef A;,'i:ut. 

SoithL-rs' Home. TiOnlfivillo. Ky. — James Malona,Sup*t 
JariK'H .Morton, KixM'ial Kohef Aftent. 

Soldiirs' Home, Nashville, Tcun.— L. Crane, Sup't and 
Relief A4?ent. 

S«»Ulier«' H'.imt>, Colnmbna, Ohio , Sup't. 

S<.ildit>i>M' Home, Cleveland, Ohio— Clark Warr«n, 8np*t 
and Ktlief A^^nt. 

Soldiers' l^i^o, near landing, Memphis, Tenn.— CW. 
Christy. 8iii)'t and Rt^lief AkcuL 

Holdicra' Lodge, VickHburg, 21iB8.--T. Way, Supt 

AGENCT FOB FEXSIOMik 

William F. Bascom, Pension Agent, Waablngton, D. 

UOSPITAL CARS. 

Between Wanhin^m and New Xork— SoL Andrewi, 
M. U., HiirKC'in in char(*o. 

Ik-twHen Now York and Boston, via Springfield. 

Between Louisville and Murlrecaboro' — £r. J. P. Bii^ 
nnm. Surgeon iu charge. 

BANXTABT anCAMKB. 

Qaiaib«AaBfiL'ttbnK--^1B^viiTMBkMlu 



FRED'O S. OOZZENS, 

Wlii iliiOMillf 

T3 ff^arren Street^ J^ew Jl^ork^ 

(Opposite Hudfioa Rirer R. R. Depot,) 

PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, Washington, D. C, 

(Two doorB from Will&nra.! 

or TBI PTRKST qtTAUTT, FUR 

MEDICINAL AND SANITARY PURPOSES, 

Socli as Are ejrtendvclj m&ed Id tbo 

UNITES STI^T^S I^QSPlTAiS 

And by the SAlSTiTARY COMMISSION". 

ALSO. AMERICAN WINES OF THE HIGHEST GRADES. 

Sole Ageiit in New York aud VYu^hmgton fur 

Longworth's Sparkling and StiU Catawba Wine, 
Brandies, etc, etc. 



^ 







'^^. 



^ 



Adapted to every branch of busineM. 

MANUFACTURED ONLY BT THE ORIGINAL INVENTORS, 

E. & T. FAIRBANKS & CO., St Johnsliury, Vennoni 

PRLXCTPAL WAKKROUSES: 
rAinSANKS ft Ca, No. 252 Broa<3way, New York. 
FAlHBAffKS & BROWTT No. US Milk Street. BoBton 
PAIHBA.NK9. GREEMLEAF & CO . No 172 Lake aueot, Chlcaga 
FAIHEANK3 8l EWING. Masoolo HsU, Philadelphia. 
FAIRBANKS A CO^ No. 2f 6 Baltijaoro Street, Baltlmort^ 

BetacHfitive dfeulara fambbed or mailed to any addreaa, ou wg^^^lmM^psiXA €&3qs«.^ 
Ibe above. 



676 The Sanitary Commiaaion BvBdin. 

OFFICE OF THE 

(f!0lttmMM (^Urine) §,mw(nm 

C O M P A N I , 

CORNER OP WALL AND NASSAU STREETS. 



CASH CAPITAL, - - - Sl,O00,O00. 



From Statement for the Sixth Fiscal Tear, ending December 31, 1863. 

Total Amount of Assets, January 1, 1864 $3,140,930 80 

Total Amount of Premiums * ." • 8,252,256 76 

Excess of Earned Premiums over Losses, &c 1,137,063 33 

Reserve for Estimate Claims Unadjusted and other Contingencies 441,206 49 

Guaranteed Cash Dividend to Dealers, (holding certificates of same) on 
Paid Premiums Earned during the Year, whether Loss has Accrued 

or not 269,614 80 

Scrip Dividend to Dealers, on Earned Premiums 16 per cent 

Dividend for the Year to Stockholders 26 per cent 



LOSSES PAID IN GOLD upon Risks on which the Premiom is paid in like drreni^. 

DEALERS WITH THIS COMPANY will be aUowed the option (to be 
signified ut the time of application for insurance) of receiving in lieu of scrip, at the end 
of cacli year, RETURNS IN CASH, (guaranteed by certificate) of premiums paid and 
earned during the year, whether loss accrues or not, upon all new risks under the NEW 
YORK FORM OF POLICY, as follows: 

1st. Upon all VOYAGE Risks upon CARGO, a return of TWENTY-FIVB 

PER CENT. 

2d. Upon VOYAGE Risks upon FREIGHT, a return of TWENTY per cunt. 
3d. Upon TIME Risks upon FREIGHT, and upon VOYAGE and TIME Risky 
upon HULLS, a return of TEN per cent. 

Such privilege, however, being confined to persons and firms, the aggregate of whoM 
premiums u]>on such policies earned and paid during the year, shall amount to the sum of 
one hundred dollars. 

Dl R ECTO R8. 

EDWARD ROWS, M. F. MERICK, WOfSES MERT^C, 

PANIU, W. LORD, WM. R OGDEN, DAVID J. ELY, 

GBORUE MILN, JOHN ARMbTROXO, JOSEPH MORREON, 

JOHN ATKINr^N, B. C. MORRIS, WM. EL POPHAM, 

TUOS. A. C. COCHRANE, ANDREW J. RICH, ' B. C. MORRIS, Jft , 

WM. H. HALSEY, DANX W. TELLER, SRA NYE, 

THOS. BARRON, JOHN D. BATES, Jb.. HENRY J. CAMICANN, 

ROLAND G. MrrCHELLk CHARLES mCKOX, THOMAS LORD, 

ALBERT G. LEE, ROBERT BOWNB, ROBERT & HOLT, 

GEORGE P. DERHON, LAWRENCE MYEBS, J. & GBDVIM. 

0. L. MMS, a N. DERRICK, 

THOS. LORD, VioePresident. B. O. MORRIS^ FimUmA 

WIC M. WHISNBTj 2d Vioe-Prasidaiit and B«or«tai7. 



THE 



"<* 



SANITARY COMMISSION 
BULLETIN. 



Vol, L 



JfEW YORK, AUGUST 1, 1864, 



No. 19. 



CONTENTS. 
SAKiTJinr Fam at Dpoijquk, Iowa* . ...,..,,. 577 

L^r^i Military Movoment on St, Jbhn'i 1^1- 
an^l — .-' 51^ 

BiMtnbtihoa of Anti-S^^inrbaticsii] Ibe Afmf 
ot iht* Pytf«ruMJ « .., ......^,. BBO 

WtJrk of Mief in Oratit'tt Arwj . . 583 

Tlte Western Dopswtniflnl 593 

QpHCiAi. Rei,i«f— lIoatES ASit LoDans 589 

TmS HAKFTAilY A2fD Cnai^TUJf GoMKLaSIONS, . 592 

^oeHtTAi^ SsETCiOSs i.-^*.« *^ ^^7 

A BmA;!iON4tli;E BSMON3T11AN0fi ,..*,.**.*.*,'* 59S 

Ox A iiuftpjiJAL TiADi -..-. 699 

PotrTitT— 

Thr BIno Coat tsf the Soiaier , . 601 

Titz hT:iH%u\TV!im OF New HAaiPSiimfi <>W tOK 

NflTBjn?! NriwnJO..-.. ......„., 602 

Tea iJASiTAur 0aMMi98ia;i BcFtLKn^ if pa*dtsft«i 
On £flM? ^A*f ^ii» i ^/(/ijL'f ii/'* uf e'^erri/ mtnihf and as U 

9>py*^ il o/ara an umi^\Jt\tktf nalaabt^ mediufn f*^r 

A» Vi£ oftntinui^ncf nf thf' pr*Vtffr7/iV(« of the Buu- 
Usnw ijf utteti'tain^ fhpe ndi fi^ &n thai ttf tlt^ war^ 
cimJ ijn iimt rtsotin>e$ of (hf IL S. Srjftti'inf (hni^ 
mi*$ion — the SLtfidlitij * ► d^-* 

free q/ rt'lfn^ i ww io Ak'< ,i h d 

Vxer^h)j to pUdfji* the Q/ftLnumiL'ii to its is^fnt: for a 

O^lrfriiffidi to whmn it is (ifj^f t^^ji/ ^/rft'^-v. »?/,.?,' ,/(./■* 
prtxi a w?w/t ta pa^ /Qr i7» aud Uir jive 

m^e^ it^^ tJi^ ^(i^fft^ ^if' tiOQ iio^iM, * the 

833 UroitfiiDftif, .¥*'^ff V'trkJ trt!! secure itg fteitijseftt 
to fticA t'orinfr ' r^'fflatwil^:T of the cnr- 

You L— No. 19. 37 



SAHITABY FAIii AT tJUBUQUE, IOWA. 

If tho valtie of aorvioes were measured 
by tlie extent of tlie sacriilee made in ren- 
dering tbem, it wi^uld probably be ionu^ 
tLtit UQ Bute Ib tlita Uuion bad done m 
much for the war a^ Iowa. She hm sent, 
itp to the present, nearly one-seven tji of 
her entire papulation to the field. Borne 
dbtrict* have neivrly all their men in the 
array; and in moat of thi:in a very large 
proportion of the f^rm labor has devolved 
on the women; and on women, too, it most 
not he forgutten, who^e ordinary duties are 
ae heavy a» ever, and who are entirely na- 
UBtid to the oxtraordinsiry ones with which 
the J now tind themselves burdened. And 
when it is ruiaembertd that ah this is done 
and endured not for safety, or for inde- 
pendence, or gain, but for the perpetuation 
of the blessings of freei govet'nmeut, or in 
other word»» for a remote good'— that it 
wiU be the future generation, rather than 
tbi» one, whieh will reap tliu full benefit of 
ihma gm^t effort*— it is dojibtful if there is 
ou record any other m splendid exsuupie of 
the heroism, faPKighte.dness, and self -abne- 
gation with whieh freedom long enjoyed, 
can gift a whole community. 

After lia^'iug given ho many men to the 
rauka, it neod not bav© exeitud any great 
garprjse ;f a comparatively poor Slat© 
like Iowa, whieh in stUl sh^uggting with th^ 
usaal di0jcnlties of frontier Ufe, had left to 
othera the task of ministering to the aol- 
diera' comfort. But so far from this, her 
eKertioas for the relief of the md£ and 
wounded have been juist as remarkable as 
her exertions in reeruitiag. Some of the 
iaeidents connected with the present fair 
belong to the romance of oharitj. 
There if an amount ol deTotion bebin^ 



578 



Hit Sanitary Commiasioti Bulletin. 



such contributions as twenty dollars from a '. 
man wbuso tliree sous, (nil ho lias,) are in 
the army, ** whose wife has to drive his 
reaper," and whose "daughters assist in 
binding his grain/* and of more than a dollar 
** from evory human being residing within 
the limits of a country awny two hundred 
miles in the interior, " of which the accounts 
of philuiithroyiy do not furnith many in- 
stances; of which people living in a com- 
mercial community, where money and labor 
are generally plenty, can form but little idea. 

Whatever the results of this war may be, 
this much is certain, that no community 
ever m:uh* such efforts nnd sacrifices as are 
recorded in the history both of our volun- 
teering and of our Sanitniy fairs without 
being i-isnobh'd and purilied by them. And 
the fact that they have been so widely and 
freely made at the North, certainly goes far 
to refute the generally received notions of 
the del)asing effect on the character of long 
absorption in money getting. 

Mr. Norris says: 

** The Northern Iowa Fair Association was 
organized on the 1st of March last. Gen. H. 
A. Wiltse, U. S. Sur.-Gen. of this District, 
was selected as President, who, with an effi- 
cient Board of Managers, has had the direc- 
tion and control of its affairs,and who have 
devoted their active energies to its interests. 

At the time of its organization, a resolu- 
tion was adopted, pledging its proceeds to 
the Northwestern Branch of the U. S. Sani- 
tary Commission. 

My time during the month preceding the 
Fair, was devoted largely to exciting the 
public mind upon the subject, and i)repar- 
ing it for such a movement. My hopes and 
designs in regard to the results of the Fair, 
were not measured by the amount of money 
that would be raised by it, but I believed 
it could be made in.strumental in reviving 
our work throughout the whole north half 
of the State; and, also, of attaching our 
people in their Sanitary operations to the 
U. S. Sanitary Commission. In all my op- 
erations for the Fair, this object was kept 
steadily in view. A few facts will show the 
extent to which my anticipations Lave been 
realized. 

The shipment of hospital snppIieB to tlie 
Chicago Commiaaion, which had iMnak^ ' 
very light from thia Statep wi 



• o stimulated, that in the month of March 
we stnt to that Commission 202 packages. 
In the month of April, their receipts from 
us amounted to 3G4 packages, 13G more than 
from the whole Stat« of lUinoiB. For May, 
they received from us near 7(K) packages, 
171 more than from Illinois. I have not 
the figures for June; they are, I am how- 
ever aware, equally large; and t;ome 200 
packages more were shipped from Dubuque 
after the Fair, which reached Chicago too 
late to be embraced in the June report. It 
ought to be remarked that nearly the whole 
of thejrc supi)lies were designed to be sent 
to the credit of the Fair. Many of the re- 
ceipts credited by the Northwestern Com- 
mission reports to local aid societies were 
designed by the societies to have been 
credited to the Fair, but they neglected to 
give notice to that effect at Chicago, hence 
they were credited to them instead of the 
Fair, as intendt^l. 

Four months* incessant and active toil 
for, and the gift of thousands of dollars to 
the U. S. Commiffrion, through the Fair, 
have identified our aid societies and people 
fully with that in.st-itution. At the last 
meeting of the State Commission at Des- 
moines, the delegates to which were from 
nearly all the aid societies that were at work 
for our Fair, a resolution was almost unan- 
imously adoi)ted, ad\ising all sanitary so- 
cieties in the State to send their supplies to 
the Northwestern Branch of theU. S. Com- 
mission. 

Fenrs have been entertained that there 
would be a relnpse of effort on the ijart of 
of our sanitary* societies after the Fair was 
over. Evei7 jirecaution has, however, l>een 
taken to prevent such a contingency, and 
our noble women of Iowa feel, I think, that 
the present is no time for relaxation of ef- 
fort. 

Large receipts ought not to be antic- 
ipated from us at Chicago for a month or 
two to come, not becanse labor will be sus- 
pended, but becanse all supplies on hand 
have been exhausted for the Fair, and our 
people will have to begin entirely anew. 
The business of fhe Fair is not entirety 
cloaedap to enable me to give you jiree&N 
mialti. The ezpenaea liav6 been less in 
^^onmg^ thaa aqy other of 
VhB nooipti^ it ia hop^ 




The SariKury Commifsim BuUeUn. 



579 



will reaeli from ^75,0tJ0 to ^80,000, rtnd the 
net proceeds will not be far from #70,000. 
This result seems small when compared 
with the results of the New York or PhU- 
odeiphia Fairsp but it must b^ recollected 
cmr population k U^it^ our country new^ 
&Bd our peopk generally poor. If real 
Ability is taken into aeeount, I am satisfied 
that our gift upon this holy altar will be 
justly regarded a.^ greater than that of any 
other fair that haa been held for the Sani- 
tary eauso. As was well remfirked by Prea- 
tdeut Wiltse^ in his open in g addre^, "No 
donation a have been sanctitied by greater 
BaoriSces than those made to otir Fair/* 
I have been surprised by a erreat many facts 
connected with its history. Neighborhoods 
whose entire male population almoi*t had 
gone to ttie war, aud whose crops have to 
be rauscd and harvested by the females, 
WftTe con tri bu * e d largely to its fun ds. One 
former who gave #2t), told me that his three 
ho^ (all he had,} were in the nrmy^ and 
ihjat his wife would be compiled to drive 
him reaper in the harvest ^eld, aad his 
dangliters tu^ist in biadlDg hl^ grain, and 
in securing his harvest* Koasuth Cotiuty, 
away two hundred rallos in the interior, 
gave more than a dollar for every human 
being redding within its bmits. 

The Fair over, I shall extend mj labors 
more mto the southern portion of the 
StatOp though the principal tow us in the 
northern part will require considerable at- 
tention. The history of otu* Fair will be 
pabliBlied in a few days. Many items of 
interest omitted in this brief report will be 
to^nnd in it. To that history for numerous 
pao-ticulara, yoii are respectfully referred/* 



LATE MILITART MO^^MENT ON 
ST, JOIIN^S ISLAND, a C. 

Pr. Harsh reports from Beaufort, S. 0,, 
Inly 16: .^ 

Neur the close of Jane., the Cf eneral com* 
cianding gave us timely notice to prepare 
for an e^cpfidition. On the lat July, the 
eipetlitioUi comi>ri&iDg all the avail tble 
loroe of th^ Department, left Hilton Head, 
JIT! ■ ■ -of the 2d anchored in 

^ ;. Owing to the absence 

nt-id battvi'M-B^ which an aecident had 
Ittiuned* we were kept the entire diij in an 
mutmf*^ country, and not five milea from 



his eutrencbmente. Towards even in gp .a 
brigaiie imder Oen. Bimey, unsnccessfuUy 
met the enemy entrenched, and were re- 
pulsed and returned On the day follow- 
ing, (July 3d,) the brigades under Generals 
Saxton and Hatch, disembarked; and on 
that and the day following^ traversed Sea^ 
brook and St. John*B Islands, by different 
routes, and on the 5th concentrated their 
forces in the neighborhood of Legareviite, 
on Bt John's Iidand. 

Capt. Low, the obliging Qmirter master 
at Beanfiirti had a^^igned us tranaportation 
" to any extent desired' upon the steamer 
Peeonic, and when the troops took up their 
march inland, we, by advice of the Com- 
mander of the expedition, Gen, Hatch, re- 
mained in harbor, as hospital ship, to 
whicJi the weary, wounded, and those suf- 
fering from sun 'Stroke could be gafchored. 
Medical aid not being abundant, the whole 
care naturally fell upon the Coinmisaion. 

In the march across the two islands, the 
troops suffered severely — the therm i#meter 
for hours stand iug from 95° to 103*^. More 
or lesH ekirmisliiog constantly occurred; 
and whutever diBal>ilitiei followed of any 
nature. Burgeons and Lino Officers aent 
back to us, often with a commendatory 
note—those requiring our care. 

On the 5th, thii* march having been com^ 
pleted, and the base of operations changed 
to the north part of BL John's Inland, near 
Legate ville, we were ordered to proceed to 
sea, and into Stono Biverj opposite to our 
forces, T b is waa at- eo ra pi ishcd, and a po rtion 
of thejiccumulated siek were transported to 
anoiher stcitmer, about midnight of the 6th. 

On the momiEg of the 7th we constructed 
qTiarters upon shore, and through the day 
cared for tlie disabled, and asiaiated in ereet- 
ing hospitals for wounded expected from 
the front, Li these labors we were greatly 
assisted by Dr. Mudge, of the New York 
Engia»^rs, profe^iiiJUitlly, and by volunteer 
aid from the same Eogineers in pitching 
tents and arranging quarters. And here it 
is proper to remark, that on three expedi* 
tiona we have experienced the generous aid 
of thase same noble men; they seek us outj 
ascertain our want^, and their skill supplies 
every deficiency. O q tlie evening of this day 
a scene waa presented, that if witnessed, 
would have strengthened many a weary 



580 



J7*c Sanitary Commtasion BuUeiin* 



lyjjuU toiling for these dtfvoted men. We 
bad seventy -eight Jor-ft hom we CDultl tin d no 
ftht^lter, Quii^ldj from bales of (straw, t* kieh 
we bad bronght with ub, bed-Eaeks and t^il* 
low ticks weru fiikd, and placed bt-t^een 
tbe cotton rows, the pfttients put njiou 
them J and ti qiiilt thrown ovi r them; oacli 
htid a cout'h to hihiBclf, And v^ht^n at buh- 
Bct, our aUeiidnnta passed among them, 
gi\*ing to eiicb patk'nt the kiud and qnaiiiy 
of food appropriate, one could eerily l»©- 
liijvo ils r»j3 had seldcim lingered npon a 
holier scene. 

About 11 P, M. of the 7tb, the wouBded 
began to pour in from the front j mtd for 
the fincceedirg fortjelght honr^, at whieh 
time the tadera were given for re-embaik* 
ing liiid the expedition to retnm to Port 
Boyal, every mfimout wjia incessantJy om* 
ployed in wi^^bii'ig. cltithiDg, and frv*V)ng^ 
the men, and assisting at the operating table. 

On the 10th, the last of the expedition 
left the placid waters of the Stono; iU du- 
ration biief, but tcrriblj eshansting. 

Most of the troops had never made a 
^arcfa, or seen a battle: others had pftsscd 
montha in luacliidty; and idl poorly pre* 
pari'd for a campaign in an enemy's conn* 
Ujt over scorching finntTs, and an afmos- 
phefe teldom lefts than lever heat The 
legitimate consetpiencea followed. The 
Burg eon a prescribed, and operated; and by 
tftcit consent* all other dnliea devolved 
upon the Commission, 

Beside medic ine% and two hnndredhnJiit 
mattresses^ the CommiEftion fm-nishcd all; 
and hence Ihe great cipenditnre of .stores, 
fl|)parently not called for by the ehanicfctfr 
of the expedition. 

In thii^ conii