Skip to main content

Full text of "Scannell's New Jersey first citizens : biographies and portraits of the notable living men and women of New Jersey with informing glimpses into the state's history and affairs"

See other formats



3 1833 02247 7308 



Biographies and Portraits of the Notable Living 

Men and Women of New Jersey with 

informing glimpses into the State's 

History and Affairs "^rnti^ ^j 

V 1917-1918 

^^ "- 

^ (Vol. I.) 

^ Editor-in-Chief, William E. Sackett 


■"> Revised and Reissued Biennially 

(Next issue January, 1919) 

J. J. SCANNELL — Editor and Publisher — Paterson, N. J. 

Copyright, 1917, 
J. J. Scanuell, Paterson, N. J. 


"New Jersey's First Citizens" will be revised and reissued 

biennially in January. The next edition will be for 

the years 1919—1920 (Vol. II) and will be 

published in January, 1919. 

"History is the essence of innumerable 


These pages present an authoritative list of The Firsts, in their several 
lines of activity, among the ranking people of New Jersey. It is the first 
attempt ever made to give the State this something she has long needed. 
Enterprising sons have provided other states that approach New Jersey 
in dignity, wealth and importance, with their separate rolls of honor ; it is 
high time New Jersey were provided with hers. The State owes it to her- 
self to pause to rear her Hall of Fame to those among her people who, in 
the sum of their endeavors, are contributing so much to her aggrandize- 
ment ; those who are carrying her standards so far aloft are equally en- 
titled to the recognition. NEW JERSEY'S FIRST CITIZENS comes to fill 
the void in the literature of the state. 

A work of this kind must needs explore all the fields of decent effort, 
be cosmopolitan in its reach and endlessly variegated in its topics. It 
must be something quite vmlike a social register, nor stop to take account 
of names that are never found outside of check books. Social distinc- 
tion and riches have come to some as the perquisite of their greatness 
in the loftier paths of endeavor ; but society and wealth are not the glory 
of the citizenship here depicted. Neither by itself could command a line of 
recognition in these pages. Achievement alone has been the test of eligibili- 
ty for admission here. NEW JERSEY'S FIRST CITIZENS is dedicated 
to the gifted men and women who have forged their way to the front in do- 
ing thuigs that make for honor, welfare and progress — who have helped 
to make of New Jersey what she is and of her citizenship what it is — the 
leaders, in their several specialties, among the useful people of the common- 

And I am surprised to know how many of these make their homes 
among us. This work was undertaken, of course, with a knowledge of the 
State that enabled me to sense the splendor of its citizenship; but I did 
not realize how splendid it is till I was deep in the details of this enter- 
prise. The pages of a work three times the size of this would scarcely 
make possible the tribute that is due to all who have earned it. The space 
limitations that confine me to so few where there are so many, is a matter 
of sincere regret. A system of condensation in the future periodical issues 

viii Foreword 

of the work — for it is planned to renew this boolv to date at intervals of 
about two years — will doubtless make room hereafter for the homage the 
world pays to the usefulness of the omitted. 

Sketches of some of the greatest in the world who lustre the State 
with their residence will be foimd between these covers. But one is not to 
look here for only the names familiar in the common places. The prepara- 
tion of this book has lirought to my muid with new force that it is not al- 
ways the man with name most often seen in print who counts for most in 
the economy of life. The real forces are not always the showy ones ; they 
are often the hidden ones. The modest worker in the Committee room, more 
than the idol of the galleries, gives shape and color to the legislation of 
state, and nation. Prize fighter Sullivan, stepping into the presence of a 
multitude, would be acclaimed by thousands of throats ; Woodrow Wilson, 
appearing before them before he became President of the United States, 
would have required an introduction by the Chairman. But the vitalizing 
and fruitful and elevating force in the community is the University Presi- 
dent whom so few would recognize. Some of power speak only in their 
deeds — their work ak)ne is their eulogy ; and the pages of NEW JERSEY'S 
FIRST CITIZENS is the revelation of an efficient citizenship in New Jersey 
that, if it has not always cared to mount to the housetops, yet goes on, in 
its own unpretentious way, helping to leaven the community to proud and 
ever prouder heights. 

The labor of assembling this royal throng in the empire of thought and 
action and progress has been one of equal delicacy and difficulty. The ac- 
quaintance, wide and varied and sympathetic, it presupposes with the best 
citizenship of the state must needs be reinforced by the views of thousands 
of citizens of known position and discretion whose information and advice, 
and corroboration or correction, I have invoked to help me read aright the 
names written by the Hand of Achievement on the scroll of New Jersey'^s 
Foremosts. I owe large obligations to these discerning men and women 
whom I have so advantageously consulted, for their illuminating and guid- 
ing assistance. 

With the roll thus revealed to me, I found new embarrassments, ap- 
parently insuperable at the start, that, happily, grew less serious as my 
work progressed and as those whom I was bound to interest came to a fuller 
realization of the matter. One of the most obstructive of the handicaps was 
the very proper prejudice all hold against the biographical publications, de- 
voted to every Mr. Nobody willing to pay his bit for cheap glory, that 
swarm the library shelves. One suffers a distinct loss of rank and prestige 
in allowing himself to be mentioned in these prints that only belittle the 
big and cannot possibly magnify the small; and the Quality, whose names 

Foreword ix 

are often sought only to give a false lialo to mediocrity, scent danger as 
often as a new biographical venture comes to their notice. 

Everyone in the distinguished throng noticed in these pages will recall 
the missionary work I had to do with each to overcome the fear that this 
work might be of that class. That I fomid the idea prevalent everywhere 
among them made it extremely difficult to arouse them to a full sense of 
the exclusiveness and prestige of the company I proposed to group them 
with. In some of those who should have been included. I have not yet been 
able to quicken the realizing and appreciating sense : and I have been un- 
happily obliged to omit notice of them because of their failure to go to the 
trouble of aiding me with material for it. 

That may— and probably does— account in large measure, too, for the 
ditferences ui the sizes of the sketches and for the absence of some por- 
traits that should have been presented. For the rest, some great lives, de- 
voted to thought and study and research, are so uneventful as to demand 
little space. Modesty that prompts occasional others to hide their light 
under bushel baskets may accomit for the slimness of other notices. But 
the same freedom of space and portrait has been extended to all alike. 
That is manifest in the only feature for which I could prescribe the space 
—there is no distinction in the portraiture ; the faces in the work are all 
of the same size and style. President Wilson has no advantage there over 
anyone else. I have played no favorites. 

Those who took the trouble to see in this publication one to which 
merit was made the only price of admission, have felt it their duty to re- 
spond with needed'material. Realizing the public need of a work standard- 
izing the citizenship of the state and sharing the public spirit that has 
prompted me to provide it. they are all cheerfully extending to me the co- 
operation needed to bring it to success and have aided to make their 
sketches as full as they will be fomid. So it is that I am enabled to make 
the people of New Jersey the better acquainted with the 484 Foremosts 
among them whom all should know— and be honored, too, in the knowing. 
During the year I have been engaged in its production, death has taken the 
sixteen others who would have roimded out the list to the origmally planned 
500 limit. They had all interested themselves in what was to be said about 
them here. There were some of great eminence among them, and I suffered 
a sense of genuine sorrow when I was called upon to file their records 
away, unused. 

Indeed, I have hailed the careful attention which many of the greatest 
have given to the details of their several notices— the scrupulousness with 
which they have scrutmized and mended the preliminary proofs I submitted 
to them, eliminatmg what they thought inconsequential and adding notes 

X Foreword 

of larger import — often, indeed, hastening to wire or phone to advise me of 
their latest distinction, so that their records here might be brought to date 
— as an exceptionally flattering expression of their sense of the dignity and 
authority and importance of this work. That every portrait presented here 
has been prepared from an original photograph is as gratefully symptomatic 
of the wideness and universality of this splendid and discriminating sense 
of appreciation. The few who have given less careful attention to the mat- 
ter (some probably because they feared that after all this was to be of the 
same old scorned — even feared — kind) doubtless find now, in the smaller 
notice they have forced me to give to them, occasion to regret their reluc- 
tance to be more helpful. 

These sketches are more, too, than mere biographies. History is but 
the essence of mnumerable biographies. The state is a composite picture 
of its citizenship. The story of New Jersey's rise to her pre-eminence among 
the commonwealths of the land is written in the life records of these sons 
and daughters of hers. They abound with information as to her past and 
present. Informing glimpses of her history, of her great sons gone before, 
her public, charitable, educational and ecclesiastical institutions and end- 
less miscellaneous information about her people and her localities, livening 
many of the sketches, make of the book a State Encyclopedia of exceptional 
mterest and value. So many interesting tid-bits of information are scat- 
tered through its pages that I have had prepared — and. in the closing pages 
of the volume, present — a ready-reference Topical Index that of itself re- 
veals a versatility in our citizenship no commonwealth in this great country 
of ours can surpass. 

I shall not pretend that my work, after all, is faultless. I may have 
erred sometimes in weighing up man against man and record against record. 
But I have combed all the fields of endeavor in the commonwealth in a 
conscientious effort to find The Firsts and only The Firsts in each. If there 
are shortcomings, I still find consolation in the conviction that I am giving 
to the state of Xew Jersey the most splendid Roll of Honor her citizenship 
affords and that no one of the five hundred bidden to the feast will regret 
having been made part of the company to which I have invited them. 

In the preparation of the work I have departed very conspicuously 
from other beaten tracks. It's style, tyixtgraphical and mechanical, is 
unique — less so, of course, than its general scheme, but still sufficiently so 
to probably become the model of all future publications of the character. 
So that there can be no opportunity for criticism on the point of precedence 
in the arrangement of the sketches, I am presenting them in alphabetical 
rotation ; but I have not found it necessary to follow the stereotyped rule of 
printuig the names hind-end foremost. They are as easily found either 

Foreword xi 

way, and it has seemed to me becoming to give them in the book just as 
they are written by those who have carried them to the distinction that 
wins place for them here. The caption, too, is an innovation that segre- 
gates all the personal and family details that otherwise could, only awk- 
wardly, be woven into the body of the sketch. Above all. the rigid exclu- 
sion from the text of adjectives of laudation will command universal atten- 
tion and approval. Words of praise give place in the record to deeds of 
praise, and, so, make the presentations all the more forceful, impressive 
and attractive. 




Biographies 1 

Topical Index 554 

Geographical Index 559 

ERNEST R. ACKERMAN — Plaiiifleld. — Manufacturer. Born 
in New York City, June 17, 1863; son of J. Hervey Ackermau 
and Ellen (Morgan) Ackerman ; married at Cumberland, Mary- 
land, on February 11, 1802, to Mora L., daughter of William E. 

Ernest R. Ackerman was for six years the Senator from Union Coun- 
ty. The passage of the first Civil Service law enacted in New Jersey was 
largely due to his efforts ; it is known as the Ackerman Civil Service Law. 
He has also been a delegate to two of the Republican National Conven- 
tions ; and, as one of the Presidential Electors in 1896, helped to cast the 
vote of New Jersey for AVilliam McKinley of Ohio for President of the 

Ignited States, and (iarret A. Ho- 
bart of New Jersey for Vico- 

Though Senator Ackerman has 
made twenty trips abroad and 
been twice around the world, he 
has been, as a resident of Plam- 
field for the greater portion of 
his life, deep in the life of his; 
home community, prominent la 
church movements and a factor 
in the other directions that make 
for its substantial welfare. He 
is also an ardent Philatelist, hav- 
ing won many medals in foreign 
countries for his stamp collec- 

Senator Ackerman's ancestors 
were active in the Revolutionai-y 
War. Phillip Markely, his great- 
great-grandfather was appointed 
in 1777 a Commissioner to collect 
supplies for the American Army ; and John Markely his great-grandfather 
served in the Pennsylvania Militia m 1781. His father, J. Hervey Acker- 
man, was President of the Common Council of the City of Plainfield and 
at one time City Judge. 

Mr. Ackerman was educated m the Plainfield Public schools, graduat- 
ing from the High School with the class of 1889. His father's mterest in 
public affairs pointed his eyes also in that direction; and at twenty-eight 
he became a member of the Plainfield Common Council serving for the 
years 1891 and 1892. In 1905 he was elected to the State Senate and re- 
elected in 1908. With Senators Hutchinson of Mercer and Price of Sus- 
sex, he constituted a special committee to investigate the subject of capital 
punishment. The committee made a study of conditions abroad and in this 
country, and rendered an illuminating report. In the session of 1910 he 
served as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Judiciary and on that of 
Finance. In 1911 he was elected President of the Senate; and during 
Governor Wilson's absence in the West he served as Acting Governor of 

2 Adams 

New Jersey. At the present time he is a member of the New Jersey State 
Board of Education, appointed to succeed Joseph S. Frelinghuysen upon 
the latter's election to the United States Senate in 1916. 

Mr. Ackerman was Secretary of the New Jersey Electors in 1897. He 
was a delegate to the Republican National Convention held in Chicago in 
June, 1908, and to that of 1916. In the National Convention of 1908 he was 
New Jersey's representative on the committee to notify James S. Sherman 
of his nommation for Vice-President of the United States. He has been 
Chairman of the Republican City Executive Committee of Plainfield and a 
delegate to several Republican City and County Conventions. 

Senator Ackerman is President of the Lawrence Portland Cement 
Company, a director of the Plainfield Trust Company and of the Central 
Hailroad Company of New Jersey, a Vice-President of the New Jersey State 
Chamber of Commerce, a Trustee of Rutgers College, a member of the 
■Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America, a director of the 
Young Men's Christian Association and a member of the Boys Scout Comi- 
cil. He is also an Associate of the American Society of Civil Engineers 
and member of the Engineers Club of New York. He belongs to the Union 
League Club and the India House of New York City, and is a member of 
the Chamber of Commerce of New York, the Merchants Association of New 
York (serving on the Committees on Commercial Law and City Traffic), 
and the Mayors Defence Committee of the City of New York. He is also 
one of the Honorary Trustees of the Junior Division of the Military Train- 
ing Association of New Jersey, and a member of the Committee on Evan- 
gelism of the Federated Comicil of the Churches of Christ in America. 

EDWARD DEAN ADAMS— Ruu)st)n.— Engineer-Financier. Born 
in Boston, Mass., April 9, 1846 ; son of Adoniram Judson and Har- 
riet Lincohi (Norton) Adams; married October, 1872, to Frances 
Amelia Gutterson. of Boston. 

Children: Ruth; Ernest Kempton (deceas.Ml 1904) leaving Pier- 
pont and Kemptt)n. 

Edward Dean Adams, one of the Captauis of Industry recognized in 
Wall Street as a force in the financial railroad and industrial world, is 
also deeply mterested m the art and scientific life of New York City. He 
is the Chairman of the Finance Committee, a trustee of the Metropolitan 
Museum of Art, and Chairman of the Kahn Fomidation for the Foreign 
Travel of American Teachers; and has been decorated (1909) with the 
Royal Order of the Crown of Prussia. In his business relations he reor- 
ganized the Nortliern Pacific Railroad (1893), the AVest Shore Railroad 
(1886), and had a large hand in the rehabilitation of the Central Railroad 
of New Jersey (1887). He also was m charge of the reorganization of the 
American Cotton Oil Company in 1890, and was Chairman of its Board of 
Directors until 1896. From 1893 until the outbreak of the AVorld War in 
1914, he was the American Representative of the Deutsche Baidv of Berlin, 

Mr. Adams attended the Chauncy Hall School m Boston, and entered 
Norwich University at Northfield, Vermont, in 1801, receiving the B. S. 

Adams 3 

degree in 1864, M. S. 1897, LL. D. 1906, and M. A. 1908. He served from 
1904 to 1916 as a trustee of the University. While engaged as a book- 
keeper by T. J. Lee & Hill, stock brokers of Boston, he took a course with 
the Class of 1869 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. From ISTO 
to 187S he was a partner in the Boston banking firm of Richardson, Hill & 
Company. In 1878 he became a partner m the New York banking firm of 
AViuslow, Lanier & Company, and continued in that relation until 1893, 
when he became American Representative of the Deutsche Bank. 

Mr. Adams now is a director of the American Cotton Oil Company, 
Brevard Tannm Company, Central & South American Telegraph Com- 
pany, Clinchfield Coal Corporation, Hammond Typewriter Company, Inter- 
type Corporation, Mohawk Hydro-Electric Company, New Jersey General 
Security Company, New York and Long Branch Railroad Company, Niagara 
Development Company, Niagara Falls Power Company, Niagara Junction 
Railway Company, and Western Maryland Railway Company. 

He is Senior Warden and Trustee of the Endowment Fmid of St. 
George's Episcopal Church, Rumson, and a Trustee of the Monmouth Coun- 
ty Historical Association. He is President of the Rumson Country Club, 
Rumson Improvement Company, and Rumson Park, and a member of 
numerous clubs and societies, particularly for the cultivation of social life 
and the promotion of science, art and culture. 

Mr. Adam's country home at Rumson Hills is known as "Rohallion". 
His New York City home is at 455 Madison Avenue ; his business office, at 
71 Broadway, New York City. 

FREDERIC ADAMS—Orange, (473 Main St. )• -Jurist. Born 
at Amherst, New Hampshire, on October 9th, 1840 ; son of Frederic 
Augustus and Mai-y Jane (Means) Adams; married on October 
27th, 1870, at Putnam, Ohio, to Ella, daughter of John S. and 
Martha (Messer) King; second marriage at Norfolk, Virgmia, 
July 20th, 1904, to Ella King, daughter of Morris K. Kmg and 
Julia (Goddard) King. 

Children : Constance, born in East Orange, April 27th, 1873, wife 
of Cecil B. De Mille, of Hollywood, California ; John King Adams, born 
in East Orange, January 23rd, 1878, physician, of Orange ; Ellis 
Adams, born in East Orange, March 4th, 1880, real estate broker in New 
York City, residing in West Orange, married on December 4th, 1905, to 
Margaret, daughter of Henry A. Potter of East Orange ; Rebecca Appleton 
Adams, born at East Orange, October 21st. 1881, Librarian; Frederic 
Atherton Adams, born at East Orange, December 11th, 1889, bond broker 
with International Trust Company of Denver, Colorado, married at Colo- 
rado Springs, Colorado, September 16th. 1915, to Miriam Storrs Wash- 
burn ; Nancy Adams, child of second marriage, born at Orange, December 
17, 1905. 

Frederic Adams has sat in the Essex County Circuit Court for four- 
teen years ; and his wide experience on the Bench gives the stamp of 

4 Adams 

autliority to his decisions. His father finished his education in 1833 at 
Dartmouth College, made famous among the seminaries of learning, in 
the career of its greatest Alumnus. Daniel Webster, and was a Congre- 
gational clergyman and teacher. 
Judge Adams' parents lived in 
Amherst. N. H.. for only three 
months after his birth: and he 
spent the first seven years of 
his life in Byfield, Mass.. where 
his father was principal of Dum- 
mer Academy. In 1847 the fam- 
ily came to New Jersey and 
settled in Orange. Judge Adams 
spent two years at Phillips Acad- 
emy. Andover. Mass. Two years 
subsequently, in 1858. he was ad- 
mitted to Yale College and grad- 
uated from there with the A. B. 
degree in 1862. He has also Yale 
degrees of A. M. and LL. D. 

Having decided to devote him- 
self to the practice of the law, 
Mr. Adams took a course at the 
Harvard Law school, and then 
applied for a<lmission to the New 
York Bar. His home-state had larger attractions for him however ; and, 
admitted to the New Jersey Bar as an attorney in 1868 and as a counsel- 
lor in 1873, he devoted himself to the practice of his profession chiefly in 
New Jersey. He built up a large chancery practice and was frequently 
called upon to act as Special and Advisory Master. His only public posi- 
tion duruig these times, was as Clerk of the Township of East Orange and 
later as Town Counsel. 

In the early winter of 1897 Governor Griggs transferred Judge Barca- 
low from the Bench of the Court of Errors and Appeals to the chair of the 
Presiding Judge of the Passaic County Courts, aiid tendered the vacant 
seat on the Court of Eriors Bench to Mr. Adams. The Senate confirmed the 
nomination, and Judge Adams sat as a member of that Court till Gos'ernor 
Murphy ui 1903 named him as a Circuit Court Judge. At the expiration 
of his term in 1910 Governor Fort re-appointed him for the term of seven 
years, expiring in 1917. re-appointed 1917 by Gov. Edge for another term of 
seven years. His Circuit is in Essex County. In politics Judge Adams is a 

T. ALBErS ADAMS — Montclair. (24 Prospect Terrace.) — 
Merchant and Fmancier. Born in Troupsburg. Steuben County. 
N. Y., on September 5, 1865 ; son of Thomas Quincy and Catharine 



Morton Adams : married in New Yorli City in lS9fi. to Kath- 
leen Y. Wallace, daughter of John F. and Catherine Wallace. 
Children : Gladys Marie Adams. Grace A'ii-ghiia Adams, T. Albeus 
Adams, Jr., John Quincy Adams. 

T. Albeus Adams has recently been conspicuoiis in the revival of the 
movement for the construction of the vehicular tunnels under the Hudson 
River for the purpose of connecting the New York and New Jersey high- 
way systems. He has for several years devoted much attention to the 

development of the New York 
Harbor and also to wholesale 
market terminals. He has been 
active in New Jersey as a mem- 
ber and trustee of the New Jer- 
sey State Chamber of Commerce. 
Active and influential in politics, 
he is Chairman of the Essex 
County Democratic Committee 
and was selected as a candidate 
for Presidential Elector in 1916. 
Mr. Adams' father was an ex- 
tensive farmer and breeder of 
fine horses. Mr. Adams was 
trained in public and private 
schools in New York State. Be- 
fore beginning his business car- 
eer he taught school and then 
studied law. He entered the em- 
ploy of one of the large Chica- 
go packing companies and was 
appomted General Manager for 
New York and vicinity, a position which he held for about ten years. 
Mr. Adams, with three of his friends, formed the New York Credit 
Men's Association. This Association, largely through his personal efforts, 
was incorporated as the National Credit Men's Association. 

In 1808, associated with his brother, Robeit A. Adams, he incorporated 
Adams Bros. Co.. and opened, in the principal cities in the Eastern States, 
wholesale distributing depots for dressed beef, provisions and poultry. 
This enterprise proved very profitable and in 1905 was purchased by 
Swift & Armour. During this period Mr. Adams bought a controlling in- 
terest in a New York City bank, and, under his administration as president, 
its deposits were increased fourfold. He sold his banking interest in 

In 1907, he and his brother took up actively their mterest ui th? 
warehouse business — the Manhattan Refrigerating Company. New York 
City, Union Terminal Cold Storage Company. Jersey City, and Kings 
Comity Refrigerating Company, Brooklyn, N. Y. These companies have 
increased in size and importance very rapidly since that time. 

Mr. Adams is a director of several corporations. He is a member of 
many clubs and has always had time for charitable and philanthropic 

6 Adams 

work. His brother and himself built the Adams Memorial Church at 
Westfield, Perm., in memory of their mother. He has been a resitlenr of 
Montclair for fifteen years. 

Llewellyn Road.) — Banker. Publisher and Printer; Major, Officers 
Reserve Corp. U. S. A. Born in New York City, February 22nd, 
1865; son of Washmgton Irving and Marian Lydia (Briggs) 
Adams ; married in Montclair, November 21st, 1887. to Grace Wil- 
son, daughter of James Wilson, of Georgetown. Ohio. 

Children : Wilson Irving, born 1890, married June 5, 1915, to 
Helen Elizabeth Morrison : Marian Elizabeth, born 1891. married 
October 11th, 1913. to David Oswald Pfaelzer, of Boston; Briggs 
Kilburn, born 1893, Harvard. 1917: Carolyn Styles, born 1896, 
died 1910; Washington Irving Lincoln, Jr., bo.n 1898. 

W. I. Lincoln Adams is of New England origin ; he traces his line back, 
on his father's side, to Henry Adams, who settled in Baiutree, Mass., in 

1641, and was the ancestor of 
Samuel Adams, the Revolution- 
ary patriot, and of the Adamses 
father and son, who were among 
the early Presidents of the Unit- 
ed States. One of his mother's 
ancestors, Jolui Briggs, died in 
North Kingston, R. I., in 1671. 
Mr. Adams' wife, is a descendant 
of James Wilson, of Pennsyl- 
vania, one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence. Mr. 
Adams is a member of the Hu- 
guenot Society of America, and 
of the Society of the War of 
1812 ; he w^as President of the 
New Jersey State Society of the 
Sons of The American Revolu- 
tion from 1915 to 1917 ; is a for- 
mer Governor of the Order of 
the Founders and Patriots of 
America ; he was Treasurer, and 
is now Deputy Governor of the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of 
New Jersey ; he is also a member of the New England Society and of the 
St. Nicholas Society. 

Mr. Adams parents came to New Jersey when he was three 
years old, and settled in Montclair. He was educated in the schools 
of that mountam city, graduating from the High School in 1883. 
Upon leaving school he engaged in the publishing busmess, with his father, 
editing "The Photographic Times", which was for many years the leadLng 

Adams 7 

photographic magaziue, and writing a number of books on photographic 
subjects, which are still considered as authorities. He succeeded his 
father as President of the Scovill & Adams Company, manufacturers of 
photographic goods, in 1894. This business he later merged with the 
Anthony Company, forming the Ansco Company, which, after a long litiga- 
tion with the Eastman Kodak Company, succeeded in establishing the 
Goodwin Film Patent in 1914, and was awarded a substantial sum in the 
Courts. The Goodwin Film was invented by the late Rev. Hannibal Good- 
win, of Newark. 

Mr. Adams became Treasurer of Styles & Cash, well known printing 
house, in 1900, and succeeded Samuel D. Styles, as President, a few years 
later, a position which he has held ever since. He was one of the organ- 
izers, and the first Vice-President of the Montclair Trust Company, be- 
coming its President in 1905. He is Treasurer of the Montclair Holding 
Company, a real estate corporation ; he was President of the Cloverside 
School Corporation, which he organized in 1906. In 1910 he entered the 
Board of the Eloomfield Trust Company, and became a member of its 
Executive and Finance Committee. 

He is one of the charter members of the Outlook Club of Montclair, 
and was its Secretary and Treasurer for two years, becoming its President 
in 1908. He was a Director of the Y. M. C. A., of Montclair, for a number 
of years, and is Senior Trustee of the First Congregational Church. He is 
a charter member of the Montclair Club. He is President of the West 
Side Bank and director of the West Side Savings Bank, of New York ; a 
member of the Union League and Republican Clubs of that City, and a 
Thirty-second Degree Mason. He is also a Trustee of the New Jersey His- 
torical Society. 

In politics Mr. Adams is a Republican, and has been much sought by 
his party as a candidate for oifice. He was delegate to the Republican 
National Convention in 1908; and, in 1916, was one of the Presidential 
Electors to cast the vote of New Jersey in the Electoral College for Hughes 
and Fairbanks. In 1912 he was his party's candidate for Congress, but the 
split in the Republican Party that year divided his support, and the Demo- 
cratic nominee was elected by a plurality vote. He was appomted by 
Governor Wilson as one of the three delegates to represent New Jersey 
at the Interstate Pure Food Convention. 

In 1914 Mr. Adams was invited by the banking and other financial 
Interests back of the large printing and lithographing establishment of the 
Sackett & Wilhelms Company, to undertake the re-organization of that 
busmess. He successfully effected the re-organization, and was elected 
President of the corporation, which position he held until February, 1936. 
Then, the credit of the company having been restored, and the standing of 
the busmess re-established m the trade, he requested the Directors to re- 
lieve him of further responsibility for the management, and resigned as 
President and Director. 

In the spring of 1916 he was active ui organizing the Montclair Bat- 
talion of citizen soldiers, and was elected Treasurer of its Executive Com- 
mittee. He attended the Third Senior Military Training Camp at Platts- 
burg, N. Y., during the svammer of the same year, and completed the course 
of training there as a member of Company "F", Seventh Regiment. In the 

8 Alden 

fall of the same year lie successfully passed the War Department examina- 
tions for a commission as Major in the Otficers' Reserve Corps of the 
United States Army. 

Mr. Adams has done considerable writing, all his works having been 
published by the Baker & Taylor Co., New York. Among his books are 
"Amateur Photographer". "Smilight and Shadow'", "In Nature's Image", 
"Woodland and Meadow" and "Photographing In Old England". He edited 
"The History of Montclair". compiled by Henry Whittemore, and, with 
other public-spirited citizens, published it, at their own expense, in 1SS4. 

Mr. Adams's home in Montclair is at 32 Llewellyn Road, and his country 
place, Hilltoi) Farm, is near Littleton, N. H., in the foothills of the White 

HENRY MILLS ALDEN— Metuchen.— Editor and Author. Born 
ui Momit Tabor, Rutland County, Vermont, NoveniI>er 11, 1880; 
son of Ira and Elizabeth Moore Alden; married .July .">, 1861 to 
Susan Frye (Foster) of North Andover, Mass. — 2nd on February 
22, 1900, to Mrs. Ida Foster Murray, of Virginia. 

Children; Charles, born 1862. (Died in infancy.) Annie Fields, 
born 1864. (Died 1912). Harriet, born in 1868. Carolyn Wynd- 
ham, born 1871. (Died 1916.) 

Henry M. Alden, editor of Harpers Magazine, traces his ancestry back 
to Jolm Alden, the only unmarried man among the Pilgrims on the May- 
flower and the hero of Longfellow's poem, "The Courtship of Miles 
Standish." John Alden was reputed to be a scholar, was chosen Governor 

of the colony and served several 
terms. Mr. Alden's mother was a 
niece of Zephaniah Moore, Presi- 
dent of AVilliams College, and af- 
terwards the first President of 

Mr. Alden's parents left Mount 

Tabor with himself and two 

younger brothers when he was 

eight years old and went to Hoo- 

sic Falls, Rensselaer Comity, 

New York. He was educated in 

the common schools in the inter- 

J. yf^^HRnnh' ^^^^ ^'^ factory employment. At 

^^h|l t^ittm 1^^^' fourteen he entered Ball Semina- 

y^^/l/B^m v^ jfl^nf K ^IP ^^' ^^^ ^^^^^ town, where he pre- 

^' ■ -^^^^ -^^ pared for college. He entered 

Williams College in his sixteenth 
year, working his way and grad- 
uatmg in the class of 1857. In 
the autumn of 1857 he entered 
the Andover Theological Semi- 
nary, in Andover, Mass. He selected this institution because of its having 

Alden 9 

the best library of Greek literature in this country. In college he had 
sacrificed the place of "honor man" by giving up the higher mathematics in 
order to give more attention to psychology and the classics — especially 
Greek; and he continued these special studies in the Seminary. In 1S60 
three years after graduating he was chosen by the faculty of Williams 
College one of the two members of his class to deliver the "Master's Ora- 
tion", receiving at the same time the degree of A. M. His graduation at the 
Andover Seminary occurred on the same day as the AVilliam Commence- 
ment of 1860. In order to attend the latter he obtained leave of absence 
from the Andover exercises ; but he -was represented m these by the Class 
Hymn, written by him, and was attributed an oration on "The Theology of 

Returnmg to his home in Hoosic Falls, Mr. Alden was detained there 
by the illness of his father who had been stricken by palsy, and contributed 
to the maintenance of his parents during the autumn and winter by "sup- 
plymg" pulpits m the neighborhood. He had been licensed to preach, but 
he never took orders. 

While thus "marooned" he continued a series of essays he had begun 
at Andover. Two of these, "The Eleusinia" and "The Saviors of Greece" 
had been accepted by James Russell Lowell for "The Atlantic Monthly", 
where they were published in 1859-60. before Mr. Alden had left Andover. 
The first had been read by Mrs Harriet Beecher Stowe, at whose home 
in Andover Mr. Alden was a welcome visitor, and by her had been sent 
to Mr. Lowell, the young writer's first knowledge of the fact being an 
acknowledgment of it's acceptance. The notes for other essays, made at 
Andover, enabled him to go on writing. Before the spring of 1861 he had 
written six more, sending them, as completed, to the editor of "The Atlan- 
tic". But in the meantime, owing to the failure of its publishers, Phillips, 
Sampson & Co., the magazine had come into new hands and Mr. Alden did 
not hear anythhig of his offerings for a long time. 

Relieved of the care of the home by his older brother. Mr. Alden in 
the sprmg of 1861 went to New York. It was an adventure. He had a 
scant purse and no outlook for support— nothuig more definitely in view 
than enlistment in the new army for the Union, which finally proved im- 
practicable because he could not meet the physical requirements. He had 
never seen any great city before, except Boston, and this was his first visit 
to New York. Apart from Horace E. Scudder, an old college friend, he had 
no personal acquaintance there. Scudder had encouraged his coming. Mr. 
Alden found profitable employment as teacher of history and literature in 
private schools, and his prospects in this field were so bright that he 
married in July, Susan Frye Foster, whose acquaintance he had made in 
Andover. But returning to the city in September with his wife, he found 
the prospect darkened and almost closed by the prostration due to the 
growing magnitude of the war. For two years he struggled on, ekeing 
out his meagre income as teacher by contributing editorial articles at space 
rates to the New York "Evening Post" and "New York Times". 

In the spring of 1863, Mr. James T. Fields, mto whose hands had come 
the papers Mr. Alden had sent to "The Atlantic" more than two years be- 
fore, came to New York and looked him up. He had taken the essays 
abroad and he and his wife read them there. On his return he had shown 

10 Aldeu 

tliem to Emerson, Lowell and others, and had succeeded m securmg for 
the writer an invitation to deliver before the Lowell Institute of Boston 
a course of twelve lectures on the general theme treated in the essays — 
"The Structure of Paganism." Mr. Fields said that he found the essays 
rather recondite for magazine use. Nevertheless he advanced $300 as 
payment on accomit for them. While preparmg these lectures m the sum- 
mer of 1868, Mr. Alden became associate editor, with Alfred H. Guernsey, 
of "Harper's Magazine", and collaborator with him ui writing "Harper's 
Pictorial History of the Rebellion". After a six weeks' vacation, taken for 
the delivery of his course of Lowell lectures, he undertook in addition the 
duties of managing editor of "Harper's Weekly". 

In 1869 Mr. Alden succeeded Dr. Guernsey as the editor of "Harper's 
Magazine", a position which he still holds. He was so much engrossed with 
the writings of others, that it was not imtil 1890 that he became the author 
of a book of his own, published anonymously, mider the title of "God in His 
World, An Interpretation", which has had an extensive sale. This was 
followed in 1895, in the year of his wife's death by "A Study of Death." 

When the house of Harper & Brothers was reorganized, 1900, The 
Editor's Easy Chair, which had been discontinued since George William 
Curtis's death in 1892, was revived, with William Dean Howells as occu- 
pant ; at the same time the Editor's Study, which also had been discon- 
tiuued for several years, was restored, and Mr. Alden has been its monthly 
contributor since then. 

In the spring of 1906 he went to Europe with his wife, bemg gi-anted 
a liberal leave of absence and a generous letter of credit by the house he 
had been so long associated with : and in November of that year the same 
house gave a dumer in honor of his seventieth birthday, on which occasion 
the counting-house of the Franklin Square building was turned into a bril- 
liantly decorated banquet room for the reception of two hrmdred and fifty 
guests, comprismg the most eminent artists and writers associated with 
the Magazine during Mr. Alden's editorship. In 1908 another book of Mr. 
Alden's was published, entitled "Magazme Writing and the New Litera- 

Mr. Alden from 1SG8 to 1912 was a resident of Metuchen. New Jersey, 
where his only surviving daughter still resides. 

JOHN BERRY ALDEN— Neshanic— Publisher ; Farmer. Born 
m Henry County, Iowa, March 2, 1847; son of Zepheuia and 
Damaris (Thompson) Alden; married at Sherwood, N. Y. in 1874 
to Ellen Tracy (died 1880) — second, Ada Tracy, daughter of Cal- 
vin and Luella Tracy, of Sherwood, N. Y. 

Children : Seven, — six living. 

John B. Alden's birth was in a one room log cabin about seven miles 
west of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. His father, one of that state's earliest 



pioneers, was a stone cutter and farmer, who died when Mr. Alden was 
two years old. Mr. Alden's early opportunities for education were meager 
and he left Mt. Pleasant in the early days of the Civil War, becoming a 
train boy on the C. B. & Q. Railway ; then a clerk, soon iii charge, of a 
book store in Galesburg, 111., and later m Chicago. Soon going into busi- 
ness for himself, he was known as the "boy publisher" of "The Bright 
Side" and "What Next?", young folks' periodicals. The Chicago fire took 
all of his possessions. Commg East, he became iii New York City, the 
business head of "Hearth and Home", first edited by Harriet Beecher 

Stowe and "Ik Marvel" and later 
by Edward Eggleston. In that 
work he was associated with 
"Orpheus C. Kerr," (R. H. New- 
ell) the Civil War humorist, and 
poet, as editor. 

Mr. Alden's most important 
venture was undertaken when in 
1875 he started the "American 
Book Exchange", designed to 
serve readers by the exchange of 
books not wanted longer, for 
others they did want ; and as a 
means of advertismg the busi- 
ness, he published Chamber's Cy- 
clopedia of English Literature in 
handy volumes. By that exper- 
ience he quickly discovered that 
he could make new books cheaper 
than anyone could "steal old 
ones". Inside of two years he 
was making books "by the mil- 
lion", one bindery alone having a daily output of 7,000 volumes. He was 
the first to use the type setting machine on a large scale, and the first 
to make books by a photo engraving process. He startled the book world 
when he offered for 50c "Geikies Life of Christ" which had been selling at 
$8 ; and for $6 the set of "Chamber's Encyclopedia" that in fifteen volumes 
had been selling for $45, and a great number of classical and standard 
works at similar prices, his enterprise becoming popularly known as "The 
Literary Revolution." 

He retired from publishing some years ago and has been living on a 
poultry farm near Neshanic, New Jersey. Always a student of economics, 
and whatever tends to human "uplift" and betterment, he has of late been 
specially interested in promoting the passage by Congress of "The Industrial 
Savings Act" introduced by Senator Morris Sheppard, of Texas, that im- 
shackles the Postal Savings Bajik. The act, drawn by Mr. Alden, pro- 
vides for the payment to all depositors in the postal bank of all the in- 
terest the money can be made to earn when loaned to highest bidders on 
untjuestioned security, for any legitimate use. According to many accepted 
precedents this method would mobilize an army of over 50,000,000 depositors 
and over $40,000,000,000 deposits, ample to finance farmers and oil all the 



wheels of industry and commerce. It makes "free trade" in money and 
credits, as we now have free trade m wheat, cotton, or U. S. Bonds. 



^4tV>i» ' 

LYMAN WHITNEY ALLEN— Newark, (881 South 17th St.) — 
Clergyman; Author. Born in St. Louis. Missouri, on November 
19th, 1854; son of George Otis and Julia Olds (Whitney) Allen. 

Lyman Whitney Allen's father was a native of Boston and his mother 
a native of Kentucky. The historic Whitney and Thornton families are 
in his Ime. His grandfather, on his mother's side, was the Rev. Dewey 
Whitney, of Vermont, and his maternal grandmother was a descendant of 
Col. Anthony Thornton, of Virginia, an officer in the Revolutionary War 
and m command of a regiment at Yorktown, and of Col. William Thorn- 
ton, an officer in the war of 1812. 
Dr. Allen is a graduate of Wash- 
^ ington University and holds the 

degrees of B. A. and M. A. from 
that institution. The Universi- 
ty of Wooster later conferred the 
degree of D.D. He pursued a 
two year's post-graduate course 
in philosophy at Princeton Uni- 
versity and studied for the min- 
istry at Princeton Theological 

Ordained by the Presltytery of 
St. Louis in 1882, he l)egan work 
ui the suburbs of his native city 
and was for several years after- 
wards pastor of the Carondelet 
Presbyterian Church. In 1889 he 
accepted a call to the South Park 
Presbyterian Church in Newark 
and ministered there for twenty- 
seven years. In October of 1916 
he resigned to give his time who^y to literature, yet preachmg as oppor- 
tunity might offer. Since then he has been constantly in literary work. 
When the city of Newark celebrated its 2.50th Anniversary, the Committee of 
100 recpiested Dr. Allen to write the Celebration Ode for the opening exer- 
cises. Dr. Allen's latest publication was his poem "Barnard's Lincoln", 
read at the dedication, ui Cincinnati, March .31st, 1917, of George Grey 
Barnard's statue of Lincoln, the gift of Mr. and Mrs. Charles P. Taft 
to that city. He is the author of several books, and miscellaneous poems 
and prose articles, which have been published in various magazuies and 

Some of the works of Dr. Allen are : "Lincoln's Pew", "The House of 
Mary", "Shakespeare", "The New America", "Our Sister of Letters", "A 
Parable of the Rose", "Abraham Lincoln" and "The Triumiih of Love". 



To the poem, "Abraham Lineohi", was awarded the prize of $1,000 offered 
in 1896 by tlie "New Yorli Herald" for tlie best poem on "American History." 
It was published simultaneously in the Christmas issues of the New York 
Herald, the Boston Herald and the St. Louis Republic. The poem, "Lin- 
coln's Pew" has been tableted in the pew in "The Church of the Presi- 
dents" (the New York Avenue Presbyterian) ui Washington City, where 
Lincohi worshipped during his term as President. 

Dr. Allen is a director m the Presbyterian Board of Home Missions in 
New York, and is a member of several clubs and societies of New York 
City— the Authors' Club, the McDowell Club, the National Arts Club, the 
Dickens Fellowship, the Shakespeare Club, the Browning Society and the 
Authors' League of America. He is one of the Vice Presidents of the Na- 
tional Shakespeare Federation, First Vice President of the New Jersey 
State Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, Historian of the 
Newark Chapter S. A. R. and a life member of the New Jersey Historical 

PAUL AMBROSE— Trenton, (3-4 North Clinton Ave.) — Com- 
poser ; Organist. Born at Hamilton, Ontario, Can., October 11, 
1S68 ; son of R. S. and Elizabeth Boyle Ambrose ; married at 
Orange, m 1905, to Naomi Lambe, daughter of Harold and 
Alice Lambe. 

Children : Gwynneth. Robert and Paul. 

The father of Paul Ambrose 
was himself a distinguished 
Canadian composer and musi- 
cian. Mr. Ambrose acquired his 
education in the Ontario schools, 
and studied piano and theory 
under his father, Kate S. Chit- 
tenden and Albert Ross Parsons, 
counterpoint vnider Brimo Oscar 
Klein and orchestration with 
Dudley Buck. 

In 1S86 he came to New York 
and was at once on his arrival 
appointed organist of the Madi- 
son Ave. Methodist Episcopal 
Church in that city. Four years 
later he was selected as organist 
and choir master of St. James 
Methodist Episcopal Church, al- 
so m New York City. He was 
still in that position when on 
January 1, 1917, he became or- 
ganist and clioir master of the 
Old First Presbyterian Church in Trenton. He had meanwhile in 1903, re- 
moved from New York City to Trenton to accept the position of Director 

14 Apgar 

of the Musical Theory and Piano Department of the State Normal School 
there. He is still m that position. Mr. Ambrose has been Professor of 
piano at Westminister School, Simsbury, Conn., and is a widely known 
lecturer on musical topics. In 1906-1907 he was lecturer on Musical His- 
tory at the America Institute of Applied Music, New York City, and since 
that time has been lecturer on Musical Theory, Harmony, etc. at the New 
Jersey State Normal School at Trenton. He is also Director of the ^Ion- 
day Musical Club in Trenton. 

Professor Ambrose was President for New Jersey of the National Asso- 
ciation of Organists for three years (1913-1915). As a composer he has 
written much in the line of songs and instrumental works, church music 
etc., and some of the products of his pen have been republished in Europe. 
The most widely used and best laiown of his secular songs is "The Shoogy 
Shoo" ; of his sacred songs "Jesus, Meek and Gentle", and "Just For To- 
day", while his most popular anthem is, "Come to my Heart, Lord Jesus." 

He is a member of the International Association of Rotary Clubs, and 
the American Guild of Organists, a former Director of the American In- 
stitute of Applied Music, also of the Manuscript Society, and Vice-President 
of The Synthetic Guild of New York. 

W. HOLT APGAR — Trenton, (375 W. State St.)— Lawyer. 
Born in Aunaudale, Hunterdon County, May 18, 1861 ; son of Henry 
F. and Hannah M. (Farley) Apgar; married at Three Bridges, 
September 10, 1884, to Margaretta R. Higgius, daughter of Asher 
and Anna C. Higgins of Three Bridges. 

Children : Mildred H. Apgar, born December IS, 1887 ; Anna M. 
Murray, born October 16, 1889; Henry Holt Apgar, born Novem- 
ber 26, 1896. 

Mr. Apgar came to Trenton, Mercer County, m 1881, entermg the 
law oflBce of Captain Woodbury D. Holt as a law student, after having 
been educated in the Public Schools of Hmiterdon County, followed by 
two years at the State Normal School in Trenton. He was admitted to 
the Bar, as an attorney, at the Jmie Term, 1884, and as a counsellor at 
the February Term, 1890. From the first he has practiced his profession 
in Trenton, and been actively engaged as well in Fraternal work and in 
politics, having been a member of the Mercer County Democratic Commit- 
tee for a long period of time. 

For seven years he was the Assistant Prosecutor of Mercer County, 
serving as such imder Bayard Stockton during nearly the whole of the 
latter's eleven years of service, retiring in 1894 when a Republican liCgis- 
lature legislated out of office all of the Assistant Prosecutors. 

Although Mercer County has a normal Republican majority of three 
thousand, Mr. Apgar, when the democratic nominee for Senator in 1892 
refused to accept the nomination of the convention, was asked to lead the 
forlorn hope, and, though barely eligible to that position had he been 
elected, cut down the normal majority to twelve hundred. 

At the Democratic Gubernatorial Convention of 1892 which nominated 

Apgar 15 

then Supreme Court Justice George T. Werts, as the Democratic candidate 
for Governor. Mercer County presented the name of General Richard A. 
Donnelly as its candidate. The struggle between Edward F. C. Young's 
and George T. Werts's friends, for the nommation, was fierce ; and when 
Mr. Apgar had, as a compromise, presented General Donnelly's name, 
the enthusiasm for the "boy ui blue" was so strong that it took the per- 
sonal efforts of the leaders of the other two factions to stay the rush for 
the "dark horse" and it was only by strenuous efforts that his nomination 
was prevented. Both of the forces that had been fighting each other, were 

forced to unite to prevent 
General Donnelly's nommation. 
Mr. Apgar also served for five 
years as a member of the Mer- 
cer County Tax Board, and by 
reason of his experience and 
study of the taxation questions 
has since been recognized, in his 
section of the State, as an ex- 
pert upon that subject. He was 
also for twenty years, a Park 
Commissioner and during a por- 
tion of that time, was President 
of the Board. Mr. Apgar was 
tendered the appouitment of 
Circuit Court Judge by Gover- 
nor Stokes in 1907, but he was 
unable to accept the same by 
reason of certam professional 
connections that he had then 
made and which he felt he ought 
not, at that time, to sever. 
During his student period, he became engaged m legislative corres- 
pondence work for several of the New York and Philadelphia newspapers, 
which connection he contuiued for a number of years. He was one of the 
charter members of the Legislative Correspondents Club of Trenton and 
has alwavs retained his membership therein. 

Mr Apgar has also been very active in Fraternal life, serving for two 
years as Grand Master of Masons of the State of New Jersey, and for two 
vears as Supreme Regent of the Royal Arcanum for the United States and 
Canada In Fraternal Beneficiary Society law, which is a special branch 
of the profession, Mr. Apgar has had much experience and is frequently 
consulted by other lawyers regarding that specialty. For a number of years 
past, he has had charge of the Claim Department of the Royal Arcanum, 
there passmg under his supervision and direction of payment over 
$8,000,000. per year, for the beneficiaries of deceased members of the Royal 

Arcanum. ^ . ^ ^^ ^ r-^.,. 

He has been one of the Solicitors of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany for many years, and likewise represents the Adams and American 
Express Companies m his section of the State, and is a member of the 
Lawyers Club of New York, the Trenton Chamber of Commerce, Legisla- 

16 Appleby 

tive Correspondents Club of New Jersey, Trentou Country Club, the Wash- 
ington Association, limited in its membership to twenty members of the 
Grand Lodge of Masons of the State of New Jersey, and the Masonic 
Veterans Association of New Jersey. 

T. FRANK APPLEBY— Asbury Park. (Mam St.)— Realty Oper- 
ator. Born at Old Bridge, October 10th. 1864; son of Theodore 
and Margaret S. ( Mount » Appleby ; married at Somerville, April 
10, 1SS9, to Alice C. Hoffman, daughter of David K. Hoffman, of 

Children : Stewart H., born May 17th, 1890 : Richard H., born 
May 12th, 1891; Theodore F., born May 14th. 1895. 

The name of T. Frank Aijpleby is a familiar one hi the towns along 
the shore coast of New Jersey. Of English descent, he was educated m 
the schools of Asbury Park, and Pennuigton Semumry, and graduated 
with the class of 1885 from Fort Edward (N. Y.) Institute. Ever since 
he began to make his home m Asbury Park he has been engaged in the 
real estate business, and at the same time active in the politics and affairs 

of the locality. He is best known 
to the business world however 
as a real estate operator, be- 
ing a member of the New Jer- 
sey Real Estate Exchange and 
an active influence in the As- 
bury Park Building and Loan 
Association of which he is 
Vice-President. Preminent too, 
in insurance circles, he was for 
several years President of the 
New Jersey Fire Laiderwriters. 
He is a member also of the New 
Jersey Chamber of Commerce. 
Mr. Appleby's political activ- 
ities have been varied and con- 
tinuous for many years. He 
has long been a factor in Asbury 
Park affairs particularly. He 
was a member of the local 
Board of Education for ten 
years — an apprenticeship that 
fitted him for valuable work on 
the State Board of Education during the eight years of his subsequent 
connection there. He served later as a member, by gubernatorial ap- 
pohitment, of the State Geological Survey Board. He was a member of 
the Asbury Park City Council for seven years, it's President for five terms. 
He served as acting Mayor, has been twice elected Mayor of Asbury Park, 
is Chairman of the Ocean Boulevard Committee and a member of the Mon- 
mouth Co. Tax Board. In 1896 he was chosen by the Republican State 

Arinstroiij; 17 

convention, as a <listrict dele^'ate to the National Convention tliat put 
Garret A. Hobart of Paterson on the National ticket for Vice-President of 
the United States, with McKinley as the candidate for President. 

Later, at a time when the state was stirred by a liquor agitation, the 
Legislature authorized the appointment of a commission to inquire into 
excise conditions in all parts of the commonwealth; and Governor Fort 
named Mr. Appleby as a member of that commission. The commission sat 
ill many parts of the state, and produced testimony that was revealing as 
to the prevalence of the liquor habit even iii the restricted localities, and 
the confessed laxness. on the part of local officials, in many places, in the 
enforcement in the state liquor laws. 

Mr. Appleby is fond of travel, has visited all parts of the United 
States, made a somewhat extensive trip through England, France and Italy, 
and lie inspected the Panama Canal while it was in course of construc- 
tion. He has attended many conventions of the American Bankers Associ- 
ation, and is a director of the Asbury Park and (Jcean Grove Bank and a 
member of the Deal Golf Club and of many other local organizations. 

at Woodstown. Dec. 2Stli. 1S58 : son of Francis W. and Rebecca 
Brown (.Jess) Armstrong: married on .Jmie lo, 18S1, to Mellie M. 
Fortiner, daughter of Samuel M. and Mary H. Fortiner, of Cam- 
den, (died March 28, 1883)— 2nd on April .30, 1907, to Carrie W. 
Morgan, daughter of Randal E. Morgan, of Camden. 

Children : Wynn, born February .5, 1883— member of the bar. 

Edward A. Armstrcmg has been Speaker of the New .Jersey House of 
Assembly, .Judge of the Camden City District Court, Presiding .Judge of the 
Camden County (\)urt, .Judge Advocate of the Second Brigade N. G. N. .J. 
and is now Assistant General Counsel of the Public Service Corporation of 
New Jersey. 

Mr. Armstrong finished his education at the High School, and has 
since received the A. M. degree from Bucknell I'niversity. Having stu<lied 
law with Benjamin D. Shreve, he was admitted to the Bar as an attorney 
in 1880 and as a counsellor in 1885. He began his practice in Camden 
with a special view to corporation work. His first election to the House 
of Assembly was in 1883 : and, re-elected in 1884, "85, '86, he presided as 
Speaker over the Houses of 1885-'86. In 1888 the I^egislature elected him 
Judge of the Camden District (^ourt, and in 1897 he was made Presiding 
Judge of the County Courts by Governor Griggs, serving until 1902. In 
1906 Governor Stokes appointed him a member of the State Board of 
Equalization of Taxes and he served there mitil 1909. At the openmg 
of 1911 he was made Assistant General Counsel of the Public Service Cor- 
poration. He maintains an office in Camden, where his son practices 

Judge Armstrong is a member of the Camden County Bar Associa- 
tion, the New Jersey State Bar Association, the American Bar Associa- 
tion, the American Archaelogical Association (Princeton), the New Jersey 
Historical Society, and the Pennsylvania Historical Society. His club 

18 ' Atha 

connections are with the Camden Automobile Club, the Nassau Club 
(Princeton), the Union League Club, the Penn. Club, the Lawyers' Club 
(Philadelphia), the Army and Navy Club, the Manhattan Club, the Lotos 
Club and the Republican Club, (New York). 

Mr. Armstrong has a home '"The Farm" in Princeton. 

BENJAMIN ATHA— Newark. (750 High St.)— Banker. Born 
Liberty, N. Y., January 5, 1S44 ; son of Andrew Atha and Henri- 
etta (Armitage) Atha; married at Newark, May 15, 1867, to 
Sarah A. Gurney, daughter of Henry G. Gurney, of England. 

Children: Henry G., Herbert B., Albert H., Charles G., and 
Louis M. 

Benjamin Atha's fore-bears came from England to this comitry in 
1842. His father, Andrew Atha, was of the firm of Prentice Atha & Co., 
organized in 1864 to engage in its manufacture. The firm established itself 
at Newark, and afterwards moved to Harrison, and quickly grew into 
prominence among the mdustries of the country. The plant was extended 
for a constantly increasing business that made its product known in the 
markets of the world. Andrew Atha. during Civil War times, devoted a 
considerable part of his fortune to the comfort of the soldiers serving in 
the field in the Union ranks ; and he gave rent free to the families of all 
tenants whose sons or husbands or other wage earners had enlisted. 

Benjamin Atha was educated 'in private schools and assisted in the 
conduct of his father's steel business. In 1871 the firm name was changed 
to Benjamin Atha & Company and so remained mitil 1898. Then John 
Illingworth was taken into the business, and it was reorganized as the 
Benjamm Atha «& Illingworth Company. In 1900 the ctimpany was ab- 
sorbed by the Crucible Steel Company, and the works at Harrison consti- 
tute one of the most important establishments of that great producing 

Andrew Atha was one of the original incorporators of the Essex 
Comity Bank. When he died in 1875, Benjamin Atha was chosen to suc- 
ceed him in the bank's Board of Directors. In October of 1906, he was 
elected President of the bank, and continued in that relation till the open- 
ing of July, 1910, when he asked to be relieved. The Board of Directors, 
granting the request of course, conferred the title of Honorary Vice Presi- 
dent upon him. 

Mr. Atha is a member of the Union League Club, New York, the Essex 
Club, Newark, the Essex County Country Clul), and the Baltusrol Golf 

Author and Inventor. Born in New York, March 19, 1842, son of 
John A. Auchincloss. 

William S. Auchincloss was educated at the Rensselaer Polytechnic 
Institute and in 1862 received the C. E. degree from it. He was in the 

Auger 19 

coiLstructiou department of the Atlantic & Great Western Railway and of 
the Jersey City Locomotive works for seven years after graduation ; later 
a manufacturer of rolling stock and a sliii. l>uilder for eight year's. In 
these relations he acquired the expert information he afterwards embodied 
ill his book "Link and Valve Motions." He was in business as a commis- 
sion merchant for fifteen yars and meanwhile mvented the averaging 
instrument for the rapid calculation of accounts. In 1S67 President An- 
drew Johnson appointed him one of the United States Commissioners to 
the Paris Exposition. 

Besides being the author of the technical work already referred to, 
Mr. Auchincloss has written "Ninety Days in the Tropics", "The Book of 
Daniel Unlocked" and "Chronology of the Holy Bible." 

CHARLES L. AUGER— East Ridgewood, ("Glenacres").— Manu- 
facturer. Born in Philadelphia, Pa., Sept. 29th. 1860 ; son of Peter 
F. and Marie F. (Clement) Auger; married to Mary Mirandon in 
ISSl (died m 1883)— second to Emma Chadwick in 1884. 

Children: Frank C, Emma F., Mary F., Charles L. Jr., and 
Louis F. 

(^harles L. Auger has been President of the National Silk Dyeing 
Company since its formation. He is of French extraction on both sides, 
his father having been born in Normandy and lived in Paris, and Lor- 
raine being the birthplace of his mother. Both came to this country in 

1860. Mr. Auger was educated 
in the Public Schools ; and has 
lived in Paterson and vicinity 
for the forty years since he came 
from Philadelphia. He took up 
a commercial course and became 
identified with the silk business, 
taking up the branch of dyeing 
which he mastered in every de- 
tail. He began busmess in a 
small way when very young and 
from the very commencement 
his career was a success. At 
the time of the incorporation of 
rhe Auger & Simon Silk Dyeing 
Comi)any in 1890 he became its 
President and continued until 
he and his associates formed the 
National Silk Dyeing Company, 
he largest silk dyeing company 
in the world today, of which 
he has been president since its 
Besides being President of the National Silk Dyeing Company Mr. 
Auger is connected with a number of corporations engaged in finance and 

20 Avis 

manufacturing. He is also a Director of the First National Bank of Pat- 
erson, of the Hamilton Trust Company, Patersou, of the New Jersey Fire 
Insurance Company of Ne\yark. and of the Cellouite Company of Basle, 
Switzerland. He is a meml)er of the Society of Chemical Industry of 
London, of the Society of Inventors of France and of other civic, profes- 
sional and literary bodies of this country and Europe. 

Mr. Auger is interested in the charities, their work and mstitutions. He 
lives in the country at East Pvidgewood, adjommg Ridgewood, where he 
has established a homestead which he calls "Glenacres" and where he 
spends most of his time outside of business. He is also an enthusiastic 
automobilist. being among the first to own and operate an automobile in 
this country and has driven cars himself several hundreds thousands of 


Among the clubs and organizations with which he is connected are the 
Hamilton Club. Paterson : the Areola Country Club. Areola: the Livmg- 
stone Club of Allentown ; the Ross Club. Williamsport, Pa.; the Lamb's 
Club, New York; the Automobile Club of America. New York; the New 
Jersey Automobile Club of Newark : the Princeton Club of New York ; and 
the Circle Republicain of Paris. France. 

Of Mr. Augers children, the oldest. Frank, is livuig on the farm, 
"Glenacres", m East Ridgewood: Emma, married Frank T. Powers, (died) : 
Mary (or May) married Henry C. Muhs— they are living in Ridgewood. 
with their two small children : Charles L., Jr., is an engmeer and graduate 
of Prmceton and at present a Lieutenant at Fort Meyer, Va.. and I>ouis F. 
has joined the New Jersey Squadron l)ut is studying enghieering at Prince- 
ton initil called to service. 

JOHN BOYD AVIS— Woodbury.— Lawyer. Born at Deerfield, 
(Cumberland Co.) July 11th. 1S75 : son of John H. and Sarah 
(Barker) Avis: married at Asbury Park. September 27th. 1S99. to 
Minnie Genuug Anderson, daughter of Charles H. and Ruth A. 
Anderson of New York City. 

John Boyd Avis is one of the recognized forces in the politics and affairs 
of South Jersey. He was a notable figure in the legislation of the state 
in the four terms he served in the House of Assembly and in the subsequent 
three year term of his service in the Senate. He rose to be the Speaker 
of the Assembly, in which his father had had a seat twenty years earlier. 
The long interest his family has taken m public affairs is reflected in the 
fact that his great-great grandfather, Joseph Avis, was of the patriot 
army in the Revolutionary War. connected with Major Somer's Brigade, 
and one of the brave fellows who suffered the tortures of that dreadful 
winter at Valley Forge. 

Though born in Cumberland Coimty and educated at tlie schools in 
Deerfield township there, Mr. Avis has spent all of his active years in 
Gloucester Covmty. When he had been admitted to the bar as an attorney, 
at the February term of 1S9S, he opened an office in Woodbury. He was a 

Ayer 21 

partner with Ex-Goveinor David O. Watkiiis till 1907, when the partner- 
ship was dissolved, and he has since been practicmg alone. Besides his 
large private practice he has been attorney for a number of the Gloucester 
county municipalities. 

With a taste for politics and skill in the game as well. Mr. Avis 
soon became a member of the Gloucester County Republican Committee, 
and served one year as Chairman of the Committee. In 1912 he was 
chosen a delegate from the First Congressional District to the Republican 
National Convention at Chicago. He was the New Jersey member of the 
Convention's Committee on Credentials and gave active support to the 
candidacy of Colonel Roosevelt for the nomination that the couAention 
finally gave to President Taft. 

Mr. Avis's legislative career began with his election in 1901 as the 
member from Gloucester in the New Jersey House of Assembly and he 
achieved the unusual distinction of being re-elected in each of three suc- 
cessive years. The House of 1904 selected him as its Speaker, and he per- 
formed the functions of the chair with an acceptability that prompted the 
Assembly of 1905 also to make him its presiding ofhcer. His service in the 
Upper Chamber of the Legislature was for the term 1906-1908. There, he 
was appointed to the leading committees, and exerted a marked influence 
on the legislation of the day. His name was most conspicuously identi- 
fied however with the act creating the (Vnnity Boards for the Eipializatiou 
of Taxes. Senator Avis, believing that a system for the euualizatiim of 
taxes should be devised, formulated and drew an act authorizing the ap- 
pointment by the Governor of non-partisan Tax Equalization Boards in the 
several comities of the state. He advocated the act with an earnestness 
and force that eventuated in making it a law. In subsequent years at- 
temi)ts were made to repeal the act, but a study of its effects in operation 
discouraged the plea and the efforts to repeal have been unsuccessful. 

Mr. Avis is prominent also in the church and social and Fraternal 
Order movements of his locality. He is of the Presbyteriaji faith and an 
active worker in the Y. M. C. A. He is a Mason, and in 1916 was Wor- 
shipful Master of Florence Lodge No. 87, F. & A. M. of Woodbury. His 
other connections are with the Red Men. the Jr. O. U. A. M.. the Loyal 
Order of Moose, the Grange, the Odd Fellows and the Foresters of Amer- 

FRANCIS WAYLAND AYER— Camden.— Advertismg. Born at 
Lee, Massachusetts, February 4, 1848 ; son of Nathan AVheeler Ayer 
and Joanna B. Wheeler. 

Nathan Wheeler Ayer, a native of Preston, Connecticut, was gradu- 
ated from Brown University in 1840 and admitted to the bar in 1852. His 
preference however inclmed him to the profession of teaching in which he 
was emmently sucessful as Principal of several College Preparatory 
Schools in the state of New York. He removed to Philadelphia in 1867. 



Francis Wayland Ayer was educated under his father's supervision; 
and at the age of fourteen accepted a position as teacher of a district 
school m New York state, continuing in this profession until 18^7 when he 
matriculated as a freshman at Rochester University. In 1S60, at the age 
of twenty-one, he joined his father in Philadelphia and founded the firm of 
N. W. Ayer and Son, Advertising Agents. He became head of the firm on 
the death of his father in 187.3. As a mark of respect to his father, the 
firm name, X. W. Ayer and Son, has been contmuously retained. 

The first Advertismg Agency 
was established ui Philadelphia 
in 1841. The business was still 
ui its infancy in 1869, and the 
firm of X. AA\ Ayer and Son 
has not only been one of the 
pioneers in the business of 
Xewspaper Advertisuig. but has 
rapidly forged to the front and 
has ever maintained a position 
of recognized leadership. The 
American Xewspaper Annual, 
published by X'. W. Ayer and 
Son since 1880. is a complete 
directory of United States news- 
papers. Its relation to the 
newspaper publisher and adver- 
tiser is not dissimilar to that 
of Dun and Bradstreet to tlie 
commercial man. 

The history of the house is 
epitomized in its motto : "Keep- 
ing Everlasiingiy ziC It Brings Success." Mr. Ayer removed to Camden 
in 1869. and has since retained his residence in X'ew Jersey, where he is 
largely interested in street railway development, having for many years 
been a Director, and later President, of the Camden and Suburban Rail- 
way Company. 

A leader in the field of religion and philanthropy, Mr. Ayer has been 
for forty years a Sunday School Superintendent ; and is the head of his 
denomination (Baptist) in Xew Jersey, President of his City and of the 
State Yomig Men's Christian Association, a member of its International 
Committee and President of the last International Convention of the Asso- 
ciations in Cleveland. 

ISAAC BACHARACH— Atlantic City. — Financier and Real 
Estate Broker. Born m Philadelphia, January 5, 1870; son of 
Jacob and Betty Bacharach. 

Isaac Bacharach is of a family that has for years exerted a large in- 
fluence m Atlantic Comity affairs, and is himself a forceful factor not only 



in that community, but tlirougliout South Jersey. At the present time he 
is serving his second term in tlie National House of Representatives in 
Wasliington, having been lirst elected in 1914 and re-elected with a very 
greatly increased majority in 1916. Congressman Bacharach received his 
education in the schools of Atlantic City, graduating from the Atlantic 
City High School in the Class of 1885. He was engaged in the mercantile 
business in Atlantic City for a number of years, giving up that pursuit to 
engage ui the real estate busmess. 

Mr. Bacharach was twice elected a member of the City Council of At- 
lantic City, serving from 1905 to 1910 ; during his term in Council he headed 

a number of the most important 
committees, was Chairman of 
the Committee on Finance, and 
also acted as floor leader of his 

While serving in Council he 
was selected by the Republi- 
cans of Atlantic County to rep- 
resent that county in the House 
of Assembly in 1911. He de- 
clined a renomination for the. 
Assembly and retired from pul>~ 
lie life until 1913 when, respond- 
ing to the persistence of prom- 
inent leaders in the Second Con- 
gressional District, comprising 
Atlantic, Burlmgton, Cape May 
and Cumberland counties, he 
became a candidate for Con- 
gress in the primary campaign 
of 1913, and received the nomi- 
nation for that office. 
Mr. Bacharach is First Vice President of the Second National Bank 
of Atlantic City, and a Director of the Atlantic Safe Deposit and Trust 
Company, and the Absecou National Bank, and Presid'ent of the Atlantic 
City Lumber Company. 

JOSEPH HENRY BACHELLER— Newark. (97 Johnson Ave.) 
— Financier. Born in Newark, October 1, 1869; son of John Col- 
lins and Harriet (Parcells) Bacheller ; married to Edith Adele 
Smith, daughter of Israel Pierson Smith, of Newark. 

Children : Muriel, Adele, Joseph Henry, Jr., and Jolm Smith. 

Mr. Bacheller traces his ancestry back in this country through a long 
ancestral line to before the middle of the 17th century. The family is of 

24 Baekes 

English extraction, scattered all through the counties of Kent, Sussex and 
Surrey. The first record it discloses of any settler here, shows that John 
Bacheller. of Canterbury, came across the seas to Ii)S\vich. Mass.. between 
1630 and 1635. The family had written the name in various ways : and 
it was not till 1700 that it came to be spelled as the branch to which J. H. 
Bacheller belongs has spelled it since. One of Mr. Bacheller's fore-bears, 
Sergeant John, was a Selectman in the town of Watertown, Mass. His 
son John was the fourth large contributor to the new Meeting House 
Building Fund there, and served in King Phillips War. The family spread 
into other towns in Massachusetts, and one of Mr. Bacheller's Ime (Samuel 
II, born 1725) was among the earliest settlers in the now great textile 
centre of Massachusetts, Lynn. Joseph Newhall Bacheller, was the first of 
the stock to come to New Jersey and he located as a farmer in the S(»uth 
Orange and Yailsburg section of Essex Comity. John C. of the ninth gen- 
eration of the family in this country, was the first to make his permanent 
home in Newark. He went mto business as a manufacturer. 

Joseph Henry Bacheller was educated in the schools, grammar and 
high, of Newark. When he was ready for business he secured a clerical 
position with the New York Life Insurance Company and was engaged 
there mitil he became associated with Samuel S. Dennis in 1890 in looking 
after the large real estate holdings of the late A. L. Dennis, who was 
among the first promoters of the old Camden & Amboy Railroad Co., now 
part of the Pennsylvania system. He retained his connection with Mr. 
Dennis until very recently when the last of the real estate belonguig to 
the estate of A. L. Dennis was sold. Meanwhile in Jime, 1907, the Iron 
Bomid Trust Co. was organized ; and Mr. Bacheller was made Vice-Presi- 
dent and then President. 

Even these large business preoccupations have not prevented Mr. 
Bacheller from taking an active part hi the politics of the city and state; 
and for some years he was an important figure in the councils of the 
republican party of New Jersey. From 1887 till 1901 he served as a mem- 
ber of the Board of Alderman^from the ninth ward and was republican 
leader and chairman of the Fmaiice Committee for several years and in 
1903 was President of the Board. 

Meanwhile the field of his activities was enlarged by his election, in 
1900, to a seat in the Assembly; and two years later he was sent to the 
State Senate, as the representative of Essex County. His democratic ri\al 
in the campaign for the Senate was Samuel Kalisch who has since be- 
come a Justice of the Supreme Court of the State. In the House he 
served on several important committees ; and m the Senate was chairman 
of the Municipal Corporations Committee. 

When the Shade Tree commission was established ui Newark, Mayor 
Doremus named Mr. Bacheller to serve upon it, and he became the first 
President of the Commission. In 1905 Mayor Doremus appointed him 
comptroller of the city of Newark, an office in which he served for six 
years and he handled anywhere between seven and ten millions of dollars 
of the peoples fmids, annually. 

Senator Bacheller is a member of the Essex and Down Town Clulis in 
Newark and of the Kepublican Club, New York, and President of the Rock- 


away River Country Club. 

He is a member of the Fairmount Baptist 

JOHN H. BACKES— Trenton.— Jurist. Born in Trenton, August 
IS, 1S63 ; sou of John and Mary Hannis Badges ; married at Tren- 
ton, August 28, 1889, to Elizabetli Clierry Hattersley, daughter of 
Charles M. and Josephme Hattersley, of Trenton. 

Children : Florence, Elizabeth and Eleanor. 

John H. Backes is a Yice-Chancelor of the New Jersey Court of 

Chancery, and one of a family of six brothers, five of whom are lawyers. 

Mr. Backes is of German parent- 
age. As a boy, he attended a 
local parochial school, and at 
the age of thirteen entered the 
law office of Edward H. Mur- 
phy, Trenton, where he was of- 
fice-boy and clerk. He served 
an apprenticeship until he was 
admitted to practice at the Bar 
as an attorney at the Novem- 
ber term. 1884. He was licensed 
as a counsellor at the February 
term, 1888. Shortly after he 
was admitted to the Bai*, he 
opened an office at the coi-ner 
of State and Warren Streets. 
Trenton, where he practiced his 
profession, mitil he was elevated 
to the bench. His practice was 
extensive and varied, he appear- 
uig in the law and equity courts 
of the State m many important 
In politics, Vice-Chancellor Backes is a Democrat, but although for 

many years prominently identified with his party, never sought or held a 

political position. 

In February, IDlo, Chancellor Walker appouited Mr. Backes a Vice 

Chancellor for the term of seven years. 

DAVID BAIRD — Camden. — Lumber Merchant and Banker. Born 
in County Derry. Ireland. April 7, 1839. Married at Philadel- 
phia to Christianna Beatty. 

Children : Mary Baird Fox, Irvhie Baird. Christianna B. Humph- 
reys and David Baird, Jr. 

David Baird has been one of the leadmg factors in the Republican 
politics of New Jersey for more than a quarter of a century. Remotely, 



his ancestry was Scotch-Irish of sturdy Covenanter faith and his father 
was a contractor of moderate means near Londonderry. When he came to 
America as a mere boy, he engaged with a farmer near Port Deposit, 
Maryland, to husk corn for $6. a month and his board. This was during 
the hard times of the Buchanan Administration ; and in December when the 
farmer told him he was imable to pay him for his services. Baird was glad 
to throw off his wages and give his services for board during the following 
winter months. While peddlmg egg'^i. butter and potatoes in Port Deposit, 
a Mrs. Long, one of the farmer's customers who conducted a boarding 
house for lumber men, induced her husband to interest himself in yoimg 
Baird, and through him he secured a job as a raft hand with Gilluigham 
& Garrison, merchant lumber princes of those days. Their lumber yards 
were located where Cramps shipyard is now m Philadelphia. Init the tirm 
subsequently moved to Camden and built up a business there which Mr. 

Baird himself is now conduct- 
ing on the same site. With 
characteristic energy the young 
Irish boy pieced out the $2. 
per day he received as a rafter 
by doing night work at rolling 
freight on hand-trucks from the 
Camden & Amboy trains to the 
Baltimore ships that lay at Cam- 
den's docks, for 20 cents an hour. 
Mr. Baird's connection of 
fourteen years with Gillingham 
& Garrison gave him opportuni- 
ties for study of the lumber 
tiade and of methods he was 
quick to improve. He made 
friendships and acquired a repu- 
tation that stood him in good 
stead when he started out for 
himself in the lumber trade Lu 
1874. It was a modest start : 
and his youthful bride was his 
cashier and bookkeeper and bus- 
iness confidante. He rafted timber down the Susquehanna, from the 
Pennsylvania woods until the timber was all exhausted — then turned 
his attention to the great forests of New York. Michigan and the South- 
land. One of his enterprises was anticipating a "corner" projected by his 
competitors, by buying up all the spars m sight in the East and rafting 
them to the markets himself, thereby turning over his experience as a 
master raftsman with gratifying financial returns. On another occasion, 
when he started as the guest of the late Wm. H. Cole on a trip to Niagara 
Falls, a purchase of choice spars, on a side trip to Tonowanda, yielded 
a profit that enabled him to come back as the host. A dash away up mto 
Oregon for a cargo of big spars shipped East "aromid the Horn" was an- 
other of his memorable enterprises. 

A lumber kuig with whom he dealt was Secretary of War Alger, for 


Baird 27 

many years previously United States Senator from Micliigan. Baird's pur- 
chases from the Alger yards one year amoinited to $100,000. The year 
happened to be a "tight one" in the money market ; and Gen. Alger ar- 
ranged to meet Mr. Baird in Philadelphia in the hope of getting an advance 
of $10,000 on his order. Mr. Baird met the request with the breezy sug- 
gestion that $25,000 would be better, and the Senator went away happier 
with a check for the larger amomit. The friendship, bushiess and person- 
al, between them lasted till General Alger died. Baird could get audience 
with the Secretary, when crowds cooled their heels in the ante-room. 

When to the discomfort of many of Mr. Baird's office-holding friends, 
the Committee of One-Hmidred captured control of the municipal ma- 
chinery of Camden, Alger, then Secretary of War, helped Mr. Baird to set 
them busy again in the Arsenal at Philadelphia ; and, later, as a delegate- 
at-large to one of the National Republican Conventions, Mr. Baird was the 
warm advocate of General Alger's nommation for the Presidency of the 
United States. His force has been felt in enterprises in other lines of 
business. By sheer nerve he once saved a big lumber company operating 
in Alabama from going to the wall ; and, when the Merchautville Water 
Company was on the edge of bankruptcy, he took hold of it, reorganized 
the company, rebuilt its plant and as a result the residents of that Camden 
suburb are now furinshed with an adequate supply. 

However, it is Mr. Baird's political activities that have made his name 
a sort of household word all over the state. He got his first inklings in 
politics from his old friend Cole, who knew the game in all branches, 
nearly half a century ago ; and he soon made himself felt among the repub- 
licans of the locality. Ex-Consul Thomas H. Dudley ventured in the early 
days to challenge the leadership in Camden comity of General Wm. J. 
Sewell; and the General was in need of a strong man to rmi for Sheriff 
on the ticket with Senator Richard N. Herring whom the General had de- 
cided to send for a second term to the Upper House in Trenton. Mr, 
Baird came into his mind ; and he sent Frank F. Patterson, Sr., a noted 
South Jersey newspaper editor, to lay the matter before Mr. Baird. He 
followed the lumber merchant up into the woods of New York, where he 
was building a railroad for timber he was cuttmg, and spent three days 
in the effort to induce him to run. Mr. Baird finally yielded ; and, be- 
coming a candidate, was the only republican in the comity who was elected 
that fall. 

Other than serving four terms as Freeholder from the First Ward of 
Camden, that was the only office Mr. Baird held imtil in 1895 he was ap- 
pointed a member of the State Board of Assessors, which at that time 
fixed the state's railroad taxes. He resigned in '9G to run for Sheriff 
again ; and upon the completion of this term m 1900 he took his seat again 
in the State Board and served as President of that body until 1908. Gover- 
nor Fort would have reappointed him then, but, because of political dif- 
ferences between the two, though Mr. Baird had been largely instrumental 
in securing Mr. Fort's election as Governor, he refused to serve longer. 
Mr. Baird was a candidate for United States Senator after General Sew- 
ell's demise. At that time the Senator was elected by the State Legisla- 
ture. John F, Dryden, Ex-Governor Edward C. Stokes, Barker Gummere, 
John J. Gardner also were candidates. Baird made a good fight, but the 



uomiiiation went to Mr. Drycleu, whom Baird supported loyally and in 
whom he had a good personal friend, until the Senator's death. 

Mr. Baird was a District Delegate to the convention that nominated 
Harrison m 1892 at Chicago ; and as a Delegate at Large to the St. Louis 
Convention in 1906 contributed much to the nomination of Garret A. 
Hobart of Paterson for the Vice-Presidency. He was also one of the Dele- 
gates at Large who nominated Taft for the Presidency in 1908 and was 
Chairman of the New Jersey Delegation in 1916, when Hughes was nom- 

CHARLES WHITING BAKER — Montclair. (20 S. Mountam 
Ave.) — Editor and Civil Engineer. Born at Johnson, Vt., Jan. 
17, 1865, son of Thomas Jefferson and Mattie (Whitmg) Baker; 
married June 4, 1890, to Rebekah Wheeler, daughter of Lewis 
Hopkins Wheeler and Mary ( Hockley ) Wheeler. 

Children : Jefferson W., born April 7, 1801 ; and Charles Whit- 
ing, Jr., born Oct. 22, 1895. 

On his father's side Charles Whitmg Baker is a descendant of Capt. 
Thomas Baker, who was one of the pioneer settlers of Topsfield, Mass., 
about 1680, and whose son and grandson also lived in Topsfield and bore the 
same name and military title. 

Mr. Baker received his early education at the country district schools 
and at the State Normal School. He was graduated from the University 
of Vermont as a civil engineer, in the class of 1886. After working for a 

part of a year at the Baldwin 
Locomotive Works in Philadel- 
phia, he was offered a position 
on the editorial staff of the 
"Engineering News" m New 
York City hi 1887. The journal 
at that time had limited circu- 
lation and influence, but a per- 
iod of rapid growth began and 
it became the leading engineer- 
ing journal of the United 
States. In 1895 Mr. Baker be- 
came Editor-in-Chief of the 
journal and continued m this 
position until 1917, when the 
paper was consolidated with its 
principal competitor, the "En- 
gmeering Record." Mr. Baker 
then became Consulting Editor 
of the consolidated journal, the 
' ' Engineermg News-Record ' ' , 
and opened a New York office 
for practice as a Consulting En- 
guieer. In his work as Editor of the Engmeering News, Mr. Baker has 

Baker 29 

exerted a wide influence in connection with leading public questions in 
which engineering is involved, such as the adoption of the lock type of 
canal, at Panama, which was powerfully supported by the "Engineering 

Very early in his editorial work, Mr. Baker became interested m 
economic questions, and he was the author, in 1S89, of a book entitled, 
"Monopolies and the People," which ran through several editions and was 
revised ten years later. He became a member of the American Society of 
Mechanical Engineers in 1898. and was a Vice President of the Society 
from 1909 to 1911. In 1918 he was appomted by the Governors of New 
York and New Jersey a member of the Palisades Inter-state Park Com- 
mission and was recently reappointed for a second five-year term. He is 
Chairman of the Committee in charge of the construction of the Henry 
Hudson drive, a scenic roadway under the Palisades. 

Mr. Baker has been a resident of Montclair, N. J., smce 1888. He 
assisted in the organization of the Montclair Civic Association and served 
for several years on its Board of Directors. 

He was President of the Montclair Outlook Club from 1914 to 1917: 
and has served as a Deacon of the First Congregational Church. He is a 
member of the Phi Delta Theta and Phi Beta Kappa college fraternities 
and of the Sons of the American Revolution. 

His New York office is at 31 Nassau St. 

MOSES NELSON BAKER^Upper Montclair.— Editor, Engin- 
eer. Born at Enosburgh, Vt., on Jan. 26. 1864 : sou of Benjamm 
Nelson and Sarah Maretta (Wright) Baker; married at Burling- 
ton, Vt., on Aug. 22. 1889. to Ella S. Babbit, daughter of Asher 
Stevens and Emmeline (Jones) Babl)it. of Keeseville. N. Y. 

Children: Theta Helen, born in 1890; Will, born 1892 (de- 
ceased 1895) ; Frederick Wood, born 1894; Elizabeth, born 1896; 
Ruth, born 1902; Dorothea, born 1907. 

Moses Nelson Baker is Chairman of the Executive Committee of the 
National Municipal League ; was a member of the Montclair Board of 
Health for twenty years, serving as its President from 1904 to 1915 : was 
a member and A'ice-President in 1915-"16 of the New Jersey Department 
of Health, and in 1904 served as President of the New Jersey Sanitary 
Association. He served as a member of the Montclair Township Committee 
ui 1893-'94. 

Mr. Baker can trace his American lineage back for many generations. 
He was educated in the Enosbvirgh district school and at Craftsbury Acad- 
emy and the University of Vermont, from which latter he received the 
Ph. B. degree in 1886 and C. E. degree in 1899. After workmg on the 
Union Pacific Railway at Pocatello, Idaho, in 1886-87 and being elected 
school trustee of Pocatello, he spent a short time in an architect's office in 
Fitchburg, Mass. In November, 1887, he became Associate Editor of "En- 
gmeering News," New York City, continuing in that position until and 
after consolidation as "Engineering News-Record" April 1. 1917. He 
was a Director of the Engineering News Publishing Company prior to 



1911 and of the Hill Publishiiag Company from 1911 until the formation of 
the McGraw-Hill Publishing Company in 1917. 

Mr. Baker edited "The Manual of American Water Works" of 'S8-'S9-'90, 
'91 and '97, and "The Municipal Year Book" of 1902. and is the author of 
"Sewage Purification in America," 1893 ; "Sewage Disposal m the United 
States" (joint author), 1894; "Sewerage and Sewage Purification". 1896; 
"Potable Water", 1899; Municipal Engineering and Sanitation" (jointly 
with Ella Babbit Baker), 1901; municipal engineering articles in the In- 
ternational Year Book, 1898 to date, and likewise in the International En- 
cyclopedia and the American edition of Nelson's Encyclopedia ; "British 
Sewage Works", 1905 ; "Notes on British Refuse Destructors", 1905, and of 
numerous articles and addresses on municipal engineering and sanitation 
and on public health. 

PHILIP P. BAKER— Wildwood.—Foiuider, Banker. Born at 
Cowan. Pa., Jan. 14, 1846; son of Jacob and Catharine (Pontius) 
Baker ; married at Yineland, on November 21, 1876, to Lizzie J. 
Noyes, daughter of Thomas J. and Lizzie J. Noyes, of Balti- 
more, Md. 

Mr. Baker has six children. 

Philip P. Baker and his brothers J. Thompson and Latimer R., are the 
fomiders of Wildwood-by-the-Sea and of Wildwood Crest, growingly popu- 
lar sea-side resorts on the South Jersey coast. He comes of old colonial 
stock who ui the early history of our country settled in the Buffalo Yalley 
of the Old Keystone State, and who, although repeatedly driven out by the 

wily savages, returned with in- 
domitable perseverance again 
and again, to win at last and 
stay. He was born on a farm 
and brought up at the plow 
handle, where his forefathers, 
with their rifles by their sides, 
had watched and toiled. Left 
fatherless at sixteen years of 
age, the responsibility of the 
management of the large farm 
fell on his shoulders. In 1869 
he removed to Yineland. Cumber- 
land Co., and with his brother 
Latimer R., engaged in the gen- 
eral merchandise business which 
soon grew to large proportions. 
The "Baker House Block," they 
built was at the time accomited 
one of the finest builduigs in 
South Jersey. 

Mr. Baker was a member of 
the House of Assembly from the second district of Cumbex-land comity in 

Ball 31 

1882, and in 1886 was elected to the State Senate. To his credit as a 
state senator are the laws to pay Grand Jurors and for the protection of 
the extensive oyster industry of the State, and a provision for enlarging 
mauual training tuition in the public schools. It was largely through his 
efforts m the Senate that the New Jersey Training School for Feeble Mind- 
ed Children. — of the Board of Managers of which he is President — and the 
State Institution for Feeble Mmded Women were established and located at 

The Senator was one of the Delegates-at-Large with the then Governor 
Green, Ex-Governor Abbett and Moses Biglow, to the National Democratic 
Convention held m St. Louis in 1888 ; and in 1892 as one of the Presidential 
Electors-at-Large on the Democratic ticket, he helped to cast the vote of 
New Jersey for Grover Cleveland for President of the United States. In 
the poll, the Senator received the highest cast for any of the Elector candi- 
dates. In August, 1891, he was appointed Receiver of the Philadelphia 
Seashore Railway, by Chancellor McGill. 

Mr. Baker has been, since it was established. President of the Trades- 
mens Bank of Yiueland, and is, besides, devoting himself to the develop- 
ment of Wildwood-by-the-Sea and of Wildwood Crest. 

With the exception of one son, all of Senators Baker's six children are 
living. The departed member of the family is* Curtis T. Baker, whom 
Governor Wilson named in 1912 to be Presiding Judge of the Cape May 
county Courts and who died a year later while serving on the Bench. The 
Senator with his family are attendants of the Presbyterian Church. 

Senator Baker is President of the Yineland Country Club and a mem- 
ber of the Poor Richard Club of Philadelphia and the Holley Beach Yacht 
Club at Wildwood Crest. Besides bemg President of the New Jersey Train- 
ing School, he is President of the Wildwood City Board of Trade, and Yice- 
President of the Wildwood and Delaware Bay Shore Line Railroad Co., and 
of the Wildwood Title Trust Co.. and one of the organizers of the Nar- 
rowgauge Railway of Philadelphia and Cap May. 

CAROLINE PEDDLE BALL — Westfield. — Sculptor. Born in 

Caroline Peddle Ball studied drawing and modeling m Philadelphia 
and New York. She was a pupil of Augustus Saint Gaudens and Kenyon 
Cox and spent a winter in Florence and three years in Paris. 

Mrs. Ball's work has been largely in decorative subjects for chui'ches, 
memorials and garden ornaments, but has also uicluded portraits and 
children subjects. 

Some of her executed works are that of "Yictory" for the Quadriga on 
the United States building at the Paris Exposition of 1900, memorial fomi- 



tains at Flusliiiig, L. I. and Auburn, N. Y.. memorial corbels in Grace 
Church, Brooklyn and numerous smi-dials, foimtaiiis, bird-baths, etc. 

AAROX EDWARD BALLARD — Ocean Grove. — Clergyman. 
Born at Bloomtield, Dec. 25th, 1820 ; son of Jerry — Meyer and Hetty 
(Brown) Ballard; married at Morristown in 1849 to Emily Young, 
daughter of David J. and Caroline Young, of Morristown (de- 
cea.sed ) — second, at Ocean Grove in February, 1887, to Anna Miller, 
daughter of Fanny and .John Miller of Philadelphia. 

Children: (first marriage) Frank and Carrie ; (second marriage) 
Anna Stokes. 

Aaron E. Ballard is President of the Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Asso- 
ciation which controls the famous Methodist Coast resort at Ocean (irove 
and has long been a dominating figure m the camp meeting history of the 
M. E. Church. He is President also of the Pitman Grove Camp Meeting 

Association, a Trustee of Pen- 
nington Seminary, has lieen Sec- 
retary of the American and For- 
eign Christian Union, and is, al- 
together, one of the most wide- 
ly known clergymen in the 

Dr. Ballard's grandfather 
commanded a regiment in the 
Revolutionary War and was sta- 
tioned at Valley Forge during 
/ X"?^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ fli^ patriot army's awful winter 

^^^B \j^^^^^^^^^^^K there. His grandmother, while 

j^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^B Holland Dutch, came to 

^^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^^^B comitry in fellowship with those 

^^^HjV ^^^^^^^^^m who had 

«^^H ^^^^^^^^^Hf themselves with the Huguenots. 

^[^H ^^^^^^^^^^F Dr. Ballard educated, 

^■L ^^^^^^^Kr^ ^^^ holds the D. D. de- 

^^^^^^^^^^ gree from Taylor University of 

Indiana. Havmg prepared him- 
self for the pulpit he was 
licensed as a minister of the Methodist Episcopal church in 1884. He 
entered the New Jersey Conference the same year. Among localities in 
which he afterwards preached are Bergen. Laml>ertville. Somerville. Red 
Bank. Princeton, Burlington. Newark, Camden. Bridgeton and Borden- 

Dr. Ballard has been almost as conspicuous as an advocate of temper- 
ance as he has been in camp meeting activities. The last active work he 
did was to serve as the President of the Evangelical Church Commission 
and as its State Agent on the subject of temperance. Upon retiring from 
active pastoral work he allied himself with the Ocean Grove Camp Meeting 



Associatiou and devoted himself to its upbuilding. His energies and the 
success that attended his ett'orts commanded a recognition that pointed him 
out as the active chief and he became President of the Camp Meeting Asso- 
ciation in 1898. lender his administration the camp meeting service has 
been enormously enlarged and popularized. New temples have been erect- 
ed and new features added to the exercises. The new tabernacle will seat 
more than 10.000 people ; but even its amplitude is frequently madequate 
to the accommodation of the crowds that surge to hear the leading plat- 
form orators of the church who are called to its platform during the camp 
meetmg season. 

Dr. Ballard is an active Director in the Asbury Park and Ocean 
Grove Bank. 

tic City. — Writer and Lecturer. Born near Mays Landing, 
on March 1, 1S47, daughter of Joel Dennis and Sarah Ann Risley ; 
married at Delanco on August 15th, 1872, to L. Dow Balliett, M. D. 
son of Levi and Elizabeth (Follmer) Balliett, of Milton, Pa. 

The Womens Research Club on April 26tli, 1917, i)lanted to the honor 
of Mrs. Balliett, as the Club's founder, a pin oak tree on the Lincoln High- 
way in the iiark at Trenton near the Washington monument. Mrs. Balliett 

had fomided the Womens Re- 
search club twenty-one years 
ago and was its first President ; 
and, at the State Convention of 
the New Jersey Womens Clubs 
held hi the May following, her 
name was put upon the State 
Founder's list. She had served 
on the State Federation Board 
of Womens Club as Director of 
Music. Before coming to At- 
lantic City twenty-three years 
ago she had been the first Pi-esi- 
dent of "The Round Table" Club 
of Du Bois, Pa. She was one 
I of the earliest workers in the 

5 W. C. T. U. there and assisted 

in the organization of the local 

Union in Clearfield County, 

where she resided at the time. 

She also organized the first 

Temperance Cadets, that reached 

a membership of more than 200 boys. In Atlantic City her activities have 

been as marked. A pioneer in Womens Club work, she had helped select 

the "little blue phi" of the General Federation. When the Atlantic County 

Historical Society was established three years ago, she was made its first 


34 Bamberger 

Presideut ; aud for seven years she lias been President of the AVomens 
Homoeopathic Club of Atlantic City. 

Besides beuig. meanwhile, engaged m literary pursuits she has made 
portraits and was invited to exhibit at the Chicago Fair. Her writings 
have been upon philosophical and musical subjects. Among her l>ooks are 
"The Body Beautiful, according to the Delsartian Philosophy", "How to 
Attain Success through the Strength of Vibration", a "System of Numbers 
as Taught by Pythagaros", "Philosphy of Numbers, their Tone and Color" ; 
"Nature's Symphony" and "The Day of Wisdom". 

Mrs. Balliett is a descendant of the early settlers m New Jersey, and 
the name of Hancock, Ballinge, Dole, Somers. Lake, Frambes and Dennis 
figure in her line. She was educated in the public and private schools and 
has devoted herself from her school days to philosophic and civic affairs. 
Her Quaker mother's motto, to "Leave the place where you stop the better 
for your havmg been there", has been the* Golden Rule of her career. 

LOUIS B.UMBEKGER— Newark.— Merchant. Born at Balti- 
more, Md.. on May 15, 1855; son of Elkan and Theresa (Hutzler) 

Louis Bamberger, foremost among the merchants of New Jersey, is of 
Bavarian origin. His father came here in 1823 from a town near Nurem- 
burg, where the grandfather, Isaac, was engaged in mercantile pursuits. 
Louis was nine years old when the family crossed the seas to settle in 
Baltimore. A leading dry goods house of the day in the Maryland city was 
that of the Hutzler Brothers ; and the daughter of the founder of the busi- 
ness became the wife of Elkan, and was Louis Bamberger's mother. 

With the education the public schools of the city afforded, yomig Bam- 
berger began his business career in the service of his imcles, who had 
meanwhile succeeded to the Hutzler Bros, business. But. when his father, 
who had meanwhile temporarily retired, re-opened a store. Louis went into 
business with him. L'pon the retirement of the elder Bamberger, the sous 
took hold of the business and Louis was made Business Manager. A career 
in New York, with its larger opportunities, lured Mr. Bamberger north- 
ward ; and in New York City he established himself as a resident buyer 
for several large Western concerns and built up a large and important 
clientele. Later with Louis M. Frank and Felix Fuld he became owner 
of the busuiess of the bankrupt firm of Hill & Craig m Newark. AVithin 
two years he had his trade house commanding wide recognition and 

AVhen Mr. Bamberger selected a site for his rapidly growing busmess — 
up Market street, at the Halsey street corner — he was warned that it was 
too off the beaten track to become popular. The shopping throng that 
surges down Broad street was wont to halt at the Market street corner; 
then turn back on its tracks. It was not long however before he had the 
stream romiding the corner into Market street and swarming to his store 
doors. The two floors to which the business was first confined became in- 
adequate to the accommodation of the crush ; and all of the five storv struc- 

Barber 35 
ture was utilized for .selling space. In time even this pretentious estab- 
lishment outgrew the demands. In the imposing new $2,000,000 establish- 
ment m which the business of many millions a year is now carried on L 
Bamberger & Co., give employment to more than 2,500 persons 

Mr. Bamberger is also widely known for his philanthropies and as a 
patron of art. 

ISAAC BARBER-Phillipsburg.-Physician and Surgeon Born 
at Forty Fort, Pa., on Sept. 4th, 1854; son of Robert Kennedv 
and Mary (Stroh) Barber; married at Phillipsburg, on June 
26th, 1901, to Bridgie Mcllhenny, daughter of Patrick and Catherine 
Mcllhenny, of Phillipsburg. "f *^/? QO^^io 

Besides his professional relations, Isaac Barber has been a member 
of the State Senate of New Jersey and is now a member of the State Board 
of Taxes and Assessments. He is of a family that has long figured in the 
history of Warren Comity. John Barber, the first of its line, settled be- 
tween 1735 and 1 740 at, now, Lopatcoiig township. The branch is supposed to 
have descended from Thomas Barber, one of the settlers of Windsor. Conn., 

in 1635. The wife of John's son, 
Jesse, was of the Shipman fam- 
ily, of Norman descent, whose 
founder was knighted by King 
Henry III, in 1258. George 
Washington, their son, was born 
at Union town m Jan. 1802 and 
died at Stewartsville, (Warren 
Co.) m 1883. His wife's father 
drove a supply wagon in the 
Kennedy Brigade of teams dur- 
ing the Revolution ; and one of 
her brothers was United States 
Marshal of New Jersey. Judge 
of the Court of Errors and a ' 
member of the Constitutional 
Convention of 1844. William 
Maxwell, who was a Brigadier 
in the Revolutionary Army, was 
also of her line. Dr. Barber's 
father was a son of George 
Washuigton Barber. His moth- 
er's grandfather served in the Revolution under General Anthony Wayne 
and was womided at the battle of Trenton ; and her father was a soldier in 
the War of '12. 

Dr. Barber received his early education in the local public schools 
and prepared for college at Blair Presbyterial Academy. In 1872 
he entered Lafayette College, graduating in 1876. He pursued his medical 
studies mider Professor Trail Green in Easton. Pa., and in 1879 graduated 
with the M. D. degree from the University of Pennsylvania. For a year 

36 Barnert 

he sei ved as a medical referee at New York, of the Metropolitan Life Insur- 
ance Company of New York ; and from 1892 to '97 was a United States Pen- 
sion Examining Surgeon mider President Cleveland's administration. For 
two years he was City Physician and a member of the Board of Health, of 

Dr. Barber made his appearance in politics when he was elected in 
1896 to represent Warren County in the State Senate. In 1899 he gave 
way to Johnston Cornish, but in 1902 was re-elected to serve for the three 
year term ending in 1905. Governor Wilson in 1912 appointed him a mem- 
ber of the State Board of Assessors. The Board was legislated out of office 
by the Economy and Efficiency Act of 1915, and its functions were trans- 
ferred to the new State Board of Taxes and Assessments and Governor 
Fielder named Senator Barber to serve on that Board. His term of office 
will expire in July of 1918. Senator Barber is connected with Montana 
Lodge K. of P. ; Ortygia Company No. 10 U. R. K. P. ; and served for two 
years as Brigade Surgeon for the New Jersey Brigade U. R. K. P. of New 

NATHAN BARNERT — Paterson. — Retired. Born in Posen, 
Prussia, on Sept. 20, 1838; son of Mayer and Ida (Newfelt) Bar- 
nert ; married on Sept. 2, 1863, to ^Miriam Phillips, daughter of 
Henry L. and Jane (Chapman) Phillips (deceased March 31, 

Nathan Barnert once Mayor of Paterson and widely Icnown through his 
philanthropies was brought to this country by his parents in 1849. Settling 
first in New York the family removed in 1861 to Paterson where Mayor 
Barnert's father died twenty years later. He was schooled in Prussia and 
New York City; but started early in life at the tailoring trade in which 
his father was engaged. 

The family arrived on this side about the time of the outI)reak of the 
California Gold Field excitement ; and young Barnert was lured, by the 
promise of the fabulous wealth gold digging promised, to the Pacific coast. 
The prospect did not "pan out", as he anticipated and he had to content 
himself with mercantile engagements m San Francisco. A trip to the 
Hawaiian Island and to the gold regions on the Frazer River gave him an 
acquaintance with that section of the world, that however brought no wealth 
with it ; and in '56 he returned to the East, and hi Paterson, in partnership 
with Marks Cohen opened a merchant tailoring estal>lishment. During the 
Civil War he was awarded large contracts for clothing for the Federal 
army. Fortmiate real estate investments added to his stores ; and in '76 
he retired from mercantile pursuits to devote himself to his property in- 

For a side line he organized with Robert A. Healy and William C. 
Martin the Annandale Screen Plate Company for the furnishing of supplies 
to paper mills. One of his unique si^eculative enterprises was the erection 
of buildings for rental to mill operators. The first of the structures, at 
Railroad Avenue, Grand Street and Dale Avenue, Paterson, was completed 
in 1882 and was followed later l)y the erection of the Fulton mill. 



Meanwhile Mr. Barnert found time to engage in the affairs of the com- 
munity about him. In 1S70-'71 the Paterson Board of Alderman commis- 
sioned him to examine the accounts of the city's financial and tax officers ; 
and the prosecution and imprisonment of a number of officials who had 
been faithless to their trusts, followed. His work in that direction brought 
him into the eyes of the people; and in 1876 the democrats of the sixth 
ward put him forward as their candidate for Alderman. His service in the 
Board attracted sufficient attention to make him conspicuous as the candi- 
date for the mayoralty ; and m 1883 he was given the democratic nomma- 
tion. Notwithstanding the normal Republican majority of the city, he 
achieved an election and m 1889 was elected for a second time. He mean- 
while had been renommated m 1885 and '87 but failed of election. 

Mayor Barnert's beneficences are scattered all over the city of Pater- 
son. The Temple of the Congregation Bnai Jeshurmi is one of his notable 
gifts. He also built a free school for Hebrews. Later he established and 
endowed the Miriam Barnert Hospital as a memorial to his deceased wife. 
To all the up-lift movements of the city and to the charities he has always 
been a large contributor. 

Mayor Barnert is a member besides others of the Independent Order 
of the Bnai Brith, of the Free and Accepted Masons, of the Knights of 
Pythias, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and is President of the 
Hebrew Temple and of the Hebrew Free School. 

BERTHA RUNKLE BASH— Berkeley Heights.— Author. 

at Berkeley Heights, N. 
Isabella Gilbert Runkle. 


J., daughter of Cornelius A. and Lucia 

Married on October 26th, 1904, to Louis 

H. Bash, son of Daniel X. Bash, 

Major, U. S. A., and Virginia 

Ballance Bash, of Peoria, Illinois. 

Children: Virginia, born March 

6th, 1913. 

Bertha Bunkle Bash acquired her 
education at private schools in New 
York, and began writing soon after 
she left school. She is the author of 
four novels. The Helmet of Navarre, 
1901 ; The Truth About Tola, 1906 ; 
The Scarlet Rider, 1913; Straight 
Down the Crooked Lane, 1915; and 
of various short stories. Her work 
consists entirely of fiction. 

Mrs. Bash is a member of Barnard 
Club. New York; Century Club of 
California. San Francisco. 

The wife of an army officer, Bertha 

Runkle has spent most of her adult 

life in the Phillipines. in Texas, and 

on the Pacific coast. In face of the 

?reat changes now before the army, she expects to have no permanent home 



for years, but can always be readied in care of the Century Company, 
Publishers, New York. 

GEORGE RABIES BEACH— Jersey City, (75 Montgomery St.) 
Lawyer and Financier. Born in Jersey City, March 14. 1S73 ; sou 
of Marcus and Mary R. (Jackson) Beach; married in Jersey City, 
April 30, 1901, to Lucy McBride, daughter of Harry and Amelia 
McBride. of Jersey City. 

Children: George R. Beach, Jr., born May 27, 1005; Katharine 
L.. born February 3rd, 1908. 

Marcus Beach, the father of George Raimes Beach, was for many years 
a prominent factor in the business and political life of Hudson County. The 
family, come from Connecticut and New York, had been prominent in 
those parts of the country for years. Records of his marriage to Saiah 
Pratt, daughter of Mary and Richard Pratt, of Milford, show that a 
Thomas Beach was in Connecticut, from England, as early as 1650. Suc- 
cessors of his line were after- 
wards m Wallingford, Conn, and 
Goshen. New York. Adna 2'd. 
born 1757. m Wallingford and 
married in 1781 to Mary, daugh- 
ter of Captain Timothy Stanley 
of Winchester. Conn., was the 
grandfather of Marcus Beach. 
His son. Fisk Beach, born in 
Litchfield, Conn., and married 
to Rosey Fyler, daughter of Ste- 
ven and Catherine Fyler, mem- 
bers of an old Connecticut fam- 
ily, moved to Hunter, Greene 
County, New York, and was en- 
gaged in farming in that Cats- 
kill region till he died, m 1875. 
Marcus Beach was born in 
Lichfield, Conn., December 5, 
1819, and spent his early years 
there. He came to New York 
City at twenty, and engaged in 
the live stock trade. He con- 
cluded eventually that Jersey City offered larger facilities for handling his 
growmg business ; and m 1850 he established a cattle yard there in partner- 
ship with Thomas E. Bray and John R. McPherson, under the firm name of 
Beach, Bray and McPherson. Mr. Bray was, till his death, one of the most 
influential financiers in Hudson Coimty. Mr. McPherson afterwards served 
in the State Senate and was a United States Senator. His eighteen years 
there is the longest senatorial term in the state's history. 

Senator McPherson had, long before, invented a model car for the 

Beach 89 

transportation of cattle, the use of which in the business of the firm extend- 
ed its lines all over the country ; and for many years it controlled the cattle 
trade in New York and northern New Jersey. Mr. Beach was followed 
across the river by a number of other stock dealers, and Jersey City grew 
to recognition as a great cattle yard and held it for a good many years. 
Quite as conspicuous in politics as in business, Mr. Beach became one of its 
largest tax-payers, and served as a member of the Jersey City Board of 
Fmance (its President part of the time) for some years, till Governor Ab- 
bett appointed him to a seat on the bench of the County Courts, which he 
filled many years. 

George Raimes Beach was carefully educated. He attended No. 6 
school, Jersey City ; and at the Stevens Preparatory School and completed 
his general studies at Columbia University. He equipped himself for the 
bar at Columbia University Law School ; became a member of the New 
York bar, and was admitted in New Jersey in November, 1897. He is a 
Referee in Bankruptcy and a Special Master m Chancery, a Member of the 
Hudson County Bar Association and one of the Trustees of the New Jersey 
State Bar Association. He has been receiver of a number of large compa- 
nies, the International Mercantile Agency and the Columbia Real Estate 
Company among them. As the receiver of the latter company he signed the 
longest deed ever recorded in Bergen County, became the largest single lot 
owner in the county and made more conveyances of land through the 
County Clerk's office than any other individual since the establishment of 
the office. 

Notwithstanding the cares the management of the large estate his 
father left, impose on him, Mr. Beach exhibits the same interest in public, 
church and charity affairs Judge Beach had displayed. In the Jersey City 
Board of Trade, of which he was for three years Vice-President, he was 
Chairman of the Committee on Municipal Affairs ; and, when Jersey City 
prepared to hail the opening of the under-river tunnel into New York City, 
he was one of the Committe of Fifteen appointed by Mayor Wittpenn to ar- 
range a fitting celebration. 

His activities in church and charity work are very varied. His father 
was a Vestryman m Holy Trinity P. E. Church Jersey City. George R. 
Beach has connected himself with St. Pauls P. E. Congregation, being Ves- 
tryman, and Chairman of the Fmance Committee there ; and in 1912-"lo-'lT. 
was a Delegate to the Ainiual Convention of the Newark Episcopal 

He is a Trustee and President of the Board of the Poor, appomted by 
the Mayor of Jersey City ; President of the Organized Aid Association ; one 
of the trustees and Chairman of the Fmance Committee of the Home for the 
Homeless and a Trustee of the Legal Aid Society. He is also a Director 
of the New Jersey Title Guarantee »& Trust Company of Jersey City ; Presi- 
dent of the Court House Realty Company, the West Beach Bathing Com- 
pany and the Beach Land Company ; Secretary, Treasurer and Director of 
the Carteret Land Company ; a Director of the Glenridge Land Company, 
the Hyannisport Associates ; Trustee of the Glendale Cemetery Associatiim ; 
on the Executive Committee and Chairman of the Membership Committee 
of Jersey City Chapter of the American Red Cross. 

Mr. Beach was Grand Marshal of Commencement Exercises at C«ilum- 

40 Beach 

bia University at graduation in June, 1897 ; Chairman of Class Decennial 
Celeln-ation ; Vice-President of Class of 1805, and Treasurer of the Twenty- 
fifth Anniversary Fund of the Class of 1895 Columbia University. His club 
memberships are with the Carteret of Jersey City, the Columbia University, 
Lotos (member of Committee on admission) ; Areola Country; and Down 
Town, Jersey City. He has a Country seat at Hyannisport, Mass., and, 
there, is a member of the Hyannisport Golf and Country Club and President 
of the Hyannisport Village Improvement Association. 

REX (ELLINGWOOD) BEACH— Lake Hopatcong. — Author. 
Born at Atwood, Mich., September 1. 1877 : son of Henry Walter 
and Eva Emiice (Canfleld) Beach; married in 1897 to Edith 

The latest distinction Rex Beach has achieved came in his election in 
May of 1917, as President of the Author's League of America, Colonel Theo- 
dore Roosevelt is Vice President of the League. Mr. Beach, who has lately 
achieved quite as large a distinction as a playwright as he had already 
achieved as an author, was educated with a view to the practice of the 
law. Before he had been admitted, the success of some of his offerings 
to the magazines turned him to literary pursuits. He was a student at 
Rollms College, Whiter Park, Fla., from 1891 to 1896 and pursued his law 
studies at the Chicago College of Law in 1896 to 1897, and, in 1899 and 
1900, at the Kent College of Law m Chicago. 

Mr. Beach has been a prolific writer in all lines since the appearance 
of his "Pardners" m 1905. "The Spoilers", which was given to the public 
a year later, achieved a wide circulation. With James McArthur he re- 
fashioned it into the play of the same name that had a long run in the 
theatres of the East. In association with Paul Armstrong, he later pro- 
duced the play "Gomg Some" which also held the boards for some years. 
Mr. Beach is the author of, besides "Pardners", "The Spoilers" and "Going 
Some", "The Barrier" in 1907 ; "Silver Horde", 1909 ; "The Ne'er Do Well", 
"The Net", 1912; "Iron Trail", 191.3; "The Auction Block", 1914; "Heart of 
the Smiset", 1915; "Rauibows End", 1916 and "The Crimson Gardenia", 

Mr. Beach was Secretary of the Chicago Athletic Club 1905-1906, is a 
member of the Athletic, Players and Lambs Clubs of New York Citv. 

EDWARD THEODORE BELL— Paterson, (294 Broadway) — 
Banker. Born at Stanhope, March 26, 184.3 ; son of Edward Sulli- 
van and Catherine Louise (Beach) Bell, married at Newton, on 
June 9, 1870, to Anna A., daughter of Judge Daniel Stewart Ander- 
son (Mrs. Bell died November 23, 1908.) 

Children : Mae Anderson, now Mrs. Edward Van Ingen ; Ed- 
ward T. (deceased) ; Thornton Beach. 

Edward Theodore Bell while professionally a banker, has been the 
receipient of many public honors, and active besides in civic affairs. He 



was one of those whom Governor Bedle named m 1876 to represent New 
Jersey at the International Exposition in Paris ; and, while he was serving 
in that capacity he was in charge of the arrangements, in the American 
section, for the banquet to Gen. Grant, who was then makmg his historical 
tour around the world. His interest too, in the things that make for the 
beauty of Paterson has been marked. He was one of the original mem- 
bers of the Park Commission that has provided the city with its recrea- 
tion grounds. The idea of havmg a becoming City Hall erected as a cen- 
tennial memorial, originated with him. His prommence and energy in 
^^ that work led to his election as 

chairman of the Commission 
charged with the erection of 
the new City Hall, and he 
served on that commission un- 
til ISOS when he resigned. 

Mr. Bell's education was be- 
gun in the public schools and 
finished at the Collegiate In- 
stitute in Newton. In 1860 
when he started out on his 
banking career, he began at the 
foot of the ladder as a mes- 
senger for the Hackettstown 
Bank; and rose rapidly. Four 
years later he was made teller 
in one of the Jersey City banks. 
Before the end of the year he 
had been invited by the Direc- 
tors of the First National Bank 
of Paterson to become its Cash- 
ier. xVccepting, he eventually 
became a member of the Board of Directors and contijuied to be a Direc- 
tor even after he had retired from the Cashiers desk m 1875. Seven years 
later he resumed his banking activities as Vice President of the bank, and 
in 1894 was elected its President. 

He had been meanwhile instrumental m the organization of the Pat- 
erson Savings Institution and in the preparation of its charter and is now 
its Vice President. 

Mr. Bell is an active republican. He is of the Presbyterian faith and 
President of the Board of Trustees of the Church of the Redeemer, which 
he attends. 

HENRY FRANCIS BELL — Paterson. — Banker. Born at St. 
Stephen, Province of New Brunswick, Canada, August 27, 1861; 
son of James and Jennie (Waddell) Bell; married at Paterson, 
January 23, 1889, to Fannie Livingston Turner, daughter of Ralph 
and Marv Louise Turner of Paterson. 

42 Bergen 

Children : Florence Hurd, born November 22, 1889 ; James, born 
March 14, 1891. 

Henry F. Bell has been President of the Citizens Trnst Company of 
Paterson since its organization in 1901 and is otherwise active in the 
financial life of the commmiity. His parents were born m Ireland, mar- 
ried in Boston, Mass.. and came to Paterson in 1860. He attended Miss 
Major's School, the public schools, was prepared for College by the late 

James D. Domiell, and entered 
New York University in 1878, 
graduating m 1882 with the de- 
gree of A. B. 

In the fall of 1882 Mr. Bell 
was engaged by the firm of 
Louis Franke, dealers in raw 
and thrown silks, having a large 
mill in Paterson. In 1883 he 
was connected with the People's 
Gas Light Company of Pater- 
son, which had been organized 
by his father. In 1885 he un- 
dertook the management of the 
extensive real estate interests 
^ of his father and the develop- 
ment of the Riverside Section 
of Paterson. In 1900 he rebuilt 
the Paterson Opera House which 
had been destroyed by fire and, 
when in 1901 the Citizens Trust 
Company was organized, he was 
chosen President, which position he still holds. 

Mr. Bell is a member of the Psi Upsilon and Eucleian and also of the 
Bankers Clu!»s of America, the Hamilton Club of Paterson, the Areola 
Country Club and of the Passaic County University Club. 

FRANK BERGEN— Elizabeth, (421 N. Broad St.)— Lawyer. 
Born in Hillsboro Township, Summerset County on December 1, 
1851 ; son of Peter S. and Rebecca M. Bergen. Married at Mystic, 
Conn., on May 24, 1887, to Lydia S. Gardiner, daughter of Robert 
and Louisa M. Gardmer, of Mystic, Conn. 

Childien : Francis, born Jan. 30th, 1892 : Charlotte V., born 
Feb. 3, 1898. 

Frank Bergen is General Comisel for the Public Service Corporation 
of New Jersey, which operates practically all of the transportation facili- 
ties and the gas and electric power plants in the state. He was educated 
ill public schools at Somerville, and read law in the office of Isaiah M. 
Dilts. He was admitted to the Bar of the state as an Attornev at the 

Bergen 43 

November term of 1S73, and as a Counselor at the November term of 
1876. Soon after he opened his office in Elizabeth for the practice of his 
profession, he was made City Attorney. Elizabeth was at that time in 
the throes of her bankruptcy excitements ; and Mr. Bergen's official posi- 
tion made him an important factor ui the conduct and settlement of the 
resulting litigations. He soon achieved recognition for his skill in muni- 
cipal and corporation law ; and his advise on pending legislation effectmg 
the government of cities and the treatment of large business interests was 
frequently sought by the leaders in Trenton. His gi-owing ijractice led 
him to seek a larger field for his professional activities, and he established 
himself in Newark. His work there commended him to the attention of 
the Public Service Corporation and in 1903 he was appointed its General 

Mr. Bergen is a member of the Lawyers and Lotos clubs of New York, 
the Essex of Newark, the Mattano and the Town and Country of Elizabeth, 
and of the Somerset Hills Country club. 

J.4MES J. BERGEN— Somerville.— Jurist. Born m Somerville, 
on October 1, 1S47 ; son of Jolui J. Bergen and Mary A. (Park) 
Bergen ; married at Somerville, on May 3, 1883, to Helen Arden, 
daughter of James S. Huggins, of New York City. 

James J. Bergen, one of the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court 
of New Jersey, had previously been active in the political and public life 
of the state. The first of his ancestors found in this comitry was Hans 
Hansen, a native of Bergen and Norw^ay, a ship carpenter by trade, who 
came to New Amsterdam in 1633 to cultivate a tobacco plantation. When 
petitioning for a land grant m 1656, Hans's wife, Sarah, described herself 
as "the first born Christian daughter of New Netherlands". The family 
settled in Brooklyn, later moving to Flatbush and Hempstead, L. I. Hans's 
grandson came to New Jersey and owned tracts of laud in Somerset and 
Hunterdon comities. Members of the family have all been prosperous busi- 
ness people; and Justice Bergen's father was engaged m the lumber trade. 

Justice Bergen attended the old Brick Academy in his native town 
and is a graduate of Calvin Butler Seminary. He was a student in law 
with H. M. Gaston, admitted to the Bar at the November term of 1868 as 
an Attorney and made a Counselor in November, 1871. Meanwhile, in 
January of 1870 he formed a law partnership with Mr. Gaston which was 
continued until Mr. Gaston retired twenty years later. 

In the Fall of '75, Justice Bergen was elected to the New Jersey House 
of Assembly, Legislature of 1876, and re-elected to the Legislature of 1877. 
The election was somewhat notable because Justice Bergen has always 
affiliated with the Democratic party, and the general trend of politics in 
Somerset was toward the Republicans. In 1890 he was drawn into the 
service again and served in the Legislature of 1891 and '92. In both of 
the latter sessions he was Speaker of the Assembly. He was urged to be- 
come a candidate for the Governorship in one of the succeedmg cam- 
paigns, and in 1896 was a Delegate to the Democratic National Conven- 

44 Besler 

tion that gave his first nomiuation for the Presidency to William J. 

Justice Bergen was meanwhile serving as President of the Board 
of Commissioners of Somerville ; and in 1877 Governor Bedle appointed 
him Prosecutor of the Pleas of Somerset Comity. In March of 1904 Chan- 
cellor Magie appointed him a Vice Chancellor, and on October 11, 1907, 
Governor Stokes named him to the Senate for the Supreme Court Justice- 
ship. He has held the position since, Governor Fielder having reappointed 
him in 1914. His circuit comprises the counties of Union and Middlesex. 

Justice Bergen has been specially active at home m the organization 
of police and fire departments, was influential in securing a sewerage sys- 
tem and other improvements for Somerville and took a prominent part al- 
so in the demonstrations that attended the Anti-race gambling excitements 
of some years ago. 

Justice Bergen was President for some time of the Somerville Savings 
Bank, has been a Director of the First National Bank of Somerville and 
is a member of the Bachelor Club of Somerville and the Raritau Valley 
Comitry Club. 

WILLIAM GEORGE BESLER— Plainfield.— Railroad President. 
Born at Galesburg, 111., March 30th, 1864; son of John D. and 
Anna (Chopin) Besler, married on October 10, 1888, to Effie B. 

William G. Besler is President of the Central Railroad of New Jersey. 
He has risen to his station by progressing promotions from a train masters 
clerk. With a technical education acquired at the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, he entered the office of the tram master of the Chicago, 
Burlington and Quincy Railroad, at Galesburg, m 1880, and was speedily 
advanced to Division Superintendent. In 1899 the Philadelphia and Read- 
ing Railway Company tendered him the position of Superintendent of the 
road, and, acceptiag, he became the General Superintendent in September, 
19(10. In March, 1902, he was made General Manager, and m December, 
1902, Vice President as well as General Manager of the Central Railroad 
of New Jersey, and was elected President of the company, on May 1st, 1914. 

Mr. Besler is a member of the Railroad, Engineers and Technology 
Clubs of New York and a director of the Coal and Iron National Bank of 
New York City. 

UNION NOBLE BETHELI^Upper Montclair, (270 Upper 
Moimtain Ave. ) —Telephone President. Born at Newburgh, Ind., 
September 12, 1859; son of Union and Eva M. (Barrett) Bethell, 
whose ancestors were long established in this covuitry, some having 
settled in North Carolina and Maryland, later migrating to Eastern 
Tennessee and then to Southern Indiana ; married in 1893 to Donna 
I. Brink, daughter of John Brink, of Owego, N. Y. 

Birch 45 

CMldren : Richard Sargent, Francis Cutler, John Warren 

Union Noble Bethell is President of the New York Telei)lione Company 
and Senior Vice President of the American Teleiihone and Telegraph Com- 
pany, and in 1909 was decorated by the Emperor of Japan with the Im- 
perial Order of the Rising Smi, in recognition of his work in the telephone 
field, and in adapting the telephone to conditions in Japan. 

Mr. Bethell was educated with a view to the practice of the law. He 
graduated from Hanover College in 1879 with the B. S. degree, and subse- 
quently received from the College the A. M. degree. Upon leaving college 
he took the position of Deputy Auditor of Warrick County. Indiana. Af- 
ter a year or so in that office he entered the Government service as a clerk 
in Washington, D. C. There he attended Columbia Law School, gi-aduat- 
ing m ISSo. The same year he was admitted to practice in the District of 
Columbia, and later in Indiana, and still later in the Supreme Court of the 
United States. 

While in the government service as a special agent, Mr. Bethell spent 
several years m the West ; pruicipally ui Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota 
and the Dakotas. In 1889 he came to New York to enter the telephone 
service. Successively he assumed the management of the several Bell 
Telephone companies operating throughout the states of New York, New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania. As Senior Vice President of the American Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company, he organized the Bell Telephone System 
throughout the United States and continues as the operating head of that 

Mr. Bethell is President of the Board of Education in Montclair, and 
of the First National Bank of Montclair, and a Director of the Columbia 
Trust Company of New York. 

Mr. BethelFs club memberships are with the Lotos, Railroad, Bankers, 
Upper Montclair Country Club, and Commonwealth Club of Montclair. 

JAIVIES H. BIRCH, Jr.— Burlington.— Manufacturer. Born in 
Burlington, on Jvme 17, 1872; son of James H. (Sr.) and Hannah 
(Conrow) Birch. 

James H. Birch became actively mterested in the carriage manufac- 
turing business at his father's plant m Burlington, soon after he had com- 
pleted his education ; and visited nearly all parts of the world in promot- 
ing the extension and expansion of the busmess. 

Mr. Birch in his extensive travels observed that every locality had its 
special vehicle suited to the peculiarities of the coimtry and other condi- 
tions, and became satisfied they were so wedded to their own fashions that 
they would be slow to accept the probably better fashions prevalent here. 
And it came to him that the business of providing each with its own 
kmd, could be easily extended over the world. It is due to these obser- 
vations of his and the energy with which he has acted on them, that the 
Birch name i& now in the traflic of every country on the globe where people 

46 Birch 

use vehicles of any Iviiid : even Jmrildshas are made and shipped from 

their factory. 

Mr. Birch was one of the pioneers in introducing American manufac- 
tured products on 'romid tlie world trips. Mr. Birch's chief diversion is the 
publication of "The Log" of the Circumnavigators Club, embracing in its 
membership those who have been round the globe once or oftener. Among 
its distinguished globe-trotting member-readers are Ex-President Wm. Taft, 

Ex-Secretary of State "William 
J. Bryan, Poultney Bigelow, 
Brigadier Gen. Hon. Sir New- 
ton J. Moore, K. C. N. G., John 
Henry Mears, play manager, 
who holds the world record for 
encircling the globe, Ex-Gover- 
nor J. FrauklLii Fort of this 
state, and W. N. Macmillen of 
Nairobi, British East Africa, 
who entertained Ex-President 
Roosevelt on his limiting trip 
to the Dark Continent. 

Mr. Birch is one of the three 
who laimched the Circumnavi- 
gators Club. He is the first 
Keeper of the Records, then be- 
came Scribe, is one of the first 
Governors and has just been 
elected Governor for three years, 
by the Board of Governors. 

Mr. Birch is a director m the 

Mechanics National Bank of 

Burlington, the Burlington City 

Loan & Trust Co., and the Robert Morris Trust Co., of Philadeli>hia and a 

member of the Board of Managers of The Burlington Savings Institution. 

He is also a member of the New York Athletic Club. 

THOMAS HENDERSON BIRCH— Burlington.— Diplomat and 
Manufacturer. Born Burlington, September 5, 1875, son of James 
H. (Sr.) and Hannah M. (Conrow) Birch; married at Philadel- 
phia, to Helen L., daughter of Dr. Thomas and Helen Barr. 

Thomas Henderson Birch is connected with the diplomatic service of 
the United States through appointment, by President Woodrow Wilson as 
U. S. Minister Plenipotentiary to the Kiugdom of Portugal ; and had pre- 
viously risen to wide recognition among the manufacturers of New Jersey. 
He was educated at private schools and business colleges, and soon went 
into the manufacture of carriages. 

The business was established at Burlington by Ambassador Birch"s 
father in 1862 ; and, imtil about twenty years ago, had contiuued its opera- 


tions wholly to the home trade. Its expausioii was first promoted by an 
order from the Boston Fruit Company, now the United Fruit Company, for 
carts to be taken back to the West Indies on their empty banana steamers 
rimning out of Philadelphia. This trade grew mto a fixture; and upon a 
visit made to Jamaica by one of the sons it was seen that the United 
States had great advantages for competing with vehicle makers m almost 
every country. 

Through the push and energy of the father and sons, the ex- 
ports of the establishment reach every known country on the face of the 
globe. It even sends Jinrikishas to the cities m Japan, India, Madagascar, 

and South Africa. The first car- 
riage sent to Abyssinia had the 
Birch nameplate and was bought 
by King Menilek. The Boers 
and Britains alike used Birch 
wagons in the Transvaal war as 
did the Japanese and Russians 
in Manchviria, and the Ameri- 
cans and Spaniards in Cuba. 
The Birch export catalog lists 
hundreds of peculiar vehicles 
built after the fashions of those 
used ill the countries to which 
they are sent. The catalog it- 
self is printed in three langua- 
ges and its busmess statements 
are carried in fourteen langua- 
ges, mcluding the Chinese, Ara- 
bic and Hmdustani. 

Thomas H. Birch early inter- 
ested himself in the State Mili- 
tia, and rose to the rank of Col- 
onel. He made the acquaint- 
ance of Woodrow Wilson after Dr. Wilson had become Governor of New 
Jersey, and the relations between them, personal as well as political, be- 
came very close. Governor Wilson made Col. Birch one of his personal 
Aids ; and, after he had become President, he tendered to Col. Birch the 
position of United States Minister to Portugal. The diplomatic distinction 
was one that was not vuiagreeable to Colonel Birch and he accepted. The 
United States Senate, upon receiving the name in September, 1913, promptly 
confirmed the nomination. Col. Birch is now located at the American Le- 
gation in Lisbon, Portugal. 

CHARLES CLARKE BLACK— Jersey City, 15 Exchange Place- 
Jurist. Born in Mt. Holly, July 29, 1858; son of John and Mary 
Anna (Clarke) Black; married at Flushing, N. Y., February 12. 
1890, to Alice Greenleaf Hazen, daughter of Melzar F. and Emma 

48 Blackwell 

C. Hazeii, of Flushiug, Long Island. (Mrs. Black died March 
21st, 1915.) 

Charles C. Black is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
State of New Jersey. His birthplace was on a Burlington County farm. 
He was prepared for college at the Mt. Holly Academy and later graduated 
from Princeton College (class of '78). He studied law at the University 
of Michigan, at Aim Arbor, was admitted to the bar as an Attorney in Jmie 
1881 and as a Counsellor three years later and practised law in Jersey 

At the time when Mr. Black began the practise, the inequality between 
the taxation of individual property and of the railroad holdings was a 
topic of large interest m Jersey City ; and he gave particular attention to 
the problems hicidental to the situation there. His view was that the rail- 
roads had so arranged legislation, and were so influencing the taxing 
authorities, as to escape a large share of the public burden they ought to 
l;)ear ; and he, became quite conspicuous in the local and state agitation for 
equal taxation. The tirst immediate official result of his interest in the 
matter was his appointment in 1891 to the State Tax Board, and he served 
on that board till 1908. He was a])pointed by Gov. Griggs and by Gov. 
Murphy on the Equal Tax Commissions of 1896 and 1904. 

Mr. Black's work for equal taxes led to his nomination on an "equal 
tax" platform for the governorship by the democratic State Convention of 
1904. In that contest he was opposed by Edward C. Stokes and defeated. 
Governor Stokes subsequently nominated him as a member of the new 
Board for the Equalization of Taxation ; and, the Senate confirming him, 
he served on that board till Governor Fort in January of 1908 appointed 
him a Circuit Court Judge. While he was serving on that bench a vacancy 
was created m the Supreme Court, by the death of Justice Yoorhees ; and 
Governor Fielder named Judge Black to fill out Justice Voorhees's unex- 
pired term. He was appomted in 1915 for the full term by Governor Fiel- 
der. His circuit comprises the comities of Atlantic. Cape May, Cumber- 
land and Salem. 

Justice Black lias puldished "Proofs and Pleadings in Accident Cases," 
"New Jersey Law of Taxation" and "Law and Practice of Accident 

— Minister and Author. Bom at Henrietta, X. Y., May 20th, 1825 ; 
daughter of Joseph and Abby (INIorse) Brown; married at Hen- 
rietta, N. Y. in 1856 to Samuel C. Blackwell. son of Samuel and 
Hannah Lane Blackwell of Bristol, England. 

Children : Florence. Malde, Edith, Grace, Agnes, Ethel. 

Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell is Pastor Emeritus of all Souls 
Unitarian Church in Elizabeth where she preached for a number of years 
and the pulpit of which she still fills occasionally. She began lecturing 



more than seventy years ago. At that time the country was agitated over 
the slavery question. She was consi)icuous in her denunciation of the 
slave system; and, with Wendell Philips, William Lloyd Garrisim and 
others of great note was a warm supporter of the Abolition party, l>ut she 
always believed m working within the government. She was among the 
first from whose lips came the demand for suffrage rights for women, 
and for more than seventy years has been connected with the Women 
Suffrage Association. It is also nearly seventy years since the Purity Alli- 
ance was organized to carry out the plan of reform which is now known 
mider the name of Social Hygiene— and she is one of the first members 
of the Alliance. Besides these activities, she has always been an ardent 
devotee of Temperance and long a member of the Womens Christian 
Temperance Union. Her prominence made her name worthy of the pen 
of Theodore Tilton, and she enjoys the distmction also of having had bi- 
ographical sketches written by Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. 

The Rev. Mrs. Blackwell is a descendant, on one side, of Samuel 
Morse, one of the Puritans who came to America on the "Increase" in 

leno and on the other side of 
Joseph Brown, of whose bivth 
m Redding, Mass., there is a 
record in 1628. She was edu- 
cated m the district school in 
Henrietta, N. Y., and at the 
Monroe County Academy. At 
twenty she entered Oberlin Col- 
lege with the view of studying 
for the ministry and graduated 
from the Literary department 
in 1S47 and from the Theological 
school m 1850. 

She was ordained in 1S.")3 at 
the Orthodox Congregational 
Church at South Butler, New 
York. Her first profession of 
faith was made when she was 
nine years of age m the Church 
at Henrietta, N. Y. The Church 
was then less than eighteen 
years old ; within the last few 
months it has celebrated its 
centennial anniversary. Since her marriage she has held no regular 
parish but has contmued to preach frequently in many churches. She has 
been connected with All Souls Church, Elizabeth, for 15 years, having 
preached her last sermon tbere on Easter Sunday of 1917. 

Mrs. Blackwell's pen has been as busy as her tongue. She' wrote 
"Shadows of Our Social System", for the New York Tribune, and is the 
author of "Studies in General Science", 1869; "The Island Neighbors", 
1871 ; "The Sexes Throughout Nature", 1875 ; "The Physical Basis of Im- 
mortality". 1876; "The Philosophy of Individuality", 1893; "Sea Drift or 



Tribute to the Ocean", 1903 ; "The Making of the Universe", 1914. and "The 
Social Side of Mmd and Action", 1915. 

Mrs. Blackwell's chib and society membersliips are witli the Associa- 
tion for tlie Advancement of Women, The Womens Suffrage Association, 
the Purity Alliance, the Association for the advancement of Science, the 
W. C. T. U., Peace Societies, "Women's Press Societies and several literary 
clubs. Honorary member of some. 


JONATHAN H. BLACKWELL— Born at Hopewell. Mercer Coun- 
ty, December 20. 1S41 ; son of Stephen and Francenia (Hunt) 
Blackwell ; married at Hopewell, N. J., on October 5, 1S65, to 
Susan Weart. daughter of Spencer AVeart of Hoiiewell. 

Children : Stephen Weart. ( who was lost in the sulking of the 
Titanic), Clara May, William Jewell and Henry Clayton. 

Jonathan Hunt Blackwell, former State Senator from Mercer County, 
traces his descent back to an ancient English family. No less than six- 
towns in that country bear the family name of Blackwell and his coat of 
arms is in Kicker's "Annals of Newtown." 

Robert Blackwell, the founder of the Blackwell family in America, is 
recorded, in the seventeenth century, as engaged in business in Elizabeth- 
town, whence he moved to New- 
ton in 1676. His second wife. 
fe<^ . , Mary Manningham, was of Man- 

pF ning's Island, in the East River. 

Mr. Blackwell became the pro- 
prietor of this island, gave it 
his name and cultivated the 
farm situated thereon and it 
has remained in possession of 
this family until within recent 

Robert Blackwell, son of Rol)- 
ert Blackwell who died in 1757, 
was the first one of the name to 
settle in Hopewell, Mercer Co.. 
Capt. Stephen Blackwell, great- 
grandfather, served as a private 
in Captain Israel's Troop of 
Light Horse, New Jersey Mili- 
tia, Hunterdon County, during 
the Revolutionary war, and rose 
to be a Captain. Stephen Black- 
well, grandson of Captain Stephen Blackwell, was a successful merchant 
of Hopewell. He was twice married, his second wife, Francenia A. Hunt, 
being the daughter of Jonathan Hiuit, of the family that figured promi- 
nently in the early history of New Jersey. Francenia Hunt's cousin. Wil- 


Blair 51 

soil Price Hunt, was tlie first white man to cross the Rocky Mountains, 
at the head of tlie fur trading expedition of John Jacob Astor. Her 
uncle, Lieutenant Colonel Abraham Hunt, was a prosperous merchant of 
Trenton, and postmaster there under the crown as well as during the Revo- 

Jonathan Hunt Blackwell was educated in the public schools of his 
native place, at the New Jersey Conference Seminary at Pennington and 
in the Claverack Collegiate Institute on the Hudson. Upon leaving school 
at eighteen, he began his mercantile training m his father's stoi-e at 
Hopewell, and remained there until attaining his majority. Desirous of 
obtaining a wider experience, he accepted a position in the business of 
William Dolton, a wholesale dealer m groceries at Trenton. Here he re- 
mained for a period of one year, then went to New York City and engaged 
in business, remaming there until 1864. 

At that time he returned to Trenton, and formed, with his former em- 
ployer, William Dolton, a partnership which contmued until the death 
of the latter. Mr. Blackwell then conducted the business under the firm 
name of William Dolton & Co. until 1902, when the firm was reorganized 
under the title of J. H. Blackw^ell & Sons. 

Ill addition to Mr. Blackwell's private interests he has always shown 
great activity in local as well as state affairs. In his political affiliations a 
Democrat, he was in 1878 elected a member of the Trenton Common Coun- 
cil, serving for three years, and the succeeding year was nominated as 
candidate for State Senator and won the election in a Republican district. 
Although the youngest member of the Senate, he served on among others 
the Committee on Education, and on Banks and Insurance companies. Dur- 
ing the session of 1877, he was chairman of the first-named Committee, and 
of that on Claims and Pensions : was a member of those on Militia, on 
Lmiatic Asylums, on State Library, and on Printing. Of the latter he 
was also Chairman. In 1878 he was appointed Commissioner to the Paris 
Exposition by Governor McClellan. 

Mr. Blackwell was appointed Commissioner of the State Smking Fund 
April 6, 1885, by Governor Leon Abbett, On the death of George M. 
Wright, January, 1885, the legislature not being m session. Governor Ab- 
bett appointed him State Treasurer on January 12, and he served until 
the legislature elected his successor. Mayor Gnichtel of Trenton made him 
one of the Commissioners for the erection of the new City Hall for Tren- 

Mr. Blackwell has been President of the Interstate Fair Association ; 
President of the Trenton Transportation Company ; Director of the First 
National Bank ; of the Standard Insurance Company ; of the Mercer Hos- 
pital Board ; of the Trenton Railroad Company and several other com- 
panies. He is also President of the Lotus Club of Trenton and of the 
Spring Lake Golf and Country Club, member of the Board of Managers of 
the State Sons of the Revolution and a member of the Sons of the 
Colonial War. 

CLINTON LEDYAKD BLAIR— Peapack.—BpjtrKer. Born at ; 

Belvidere, N. J., July 16, 1867 ; son of De. Wijr'C) a^lSIary Anna.: 




(Kimball) Blair; married on October 1, 1891, to Florence Osborne 
Jeiniiiigs. (laughter of H. X. Jennings, of Orange, N. J. 

Children: Mrs. William Clark, Mrs. H. Rivington Pyne, Edith 
and Marie Louise Blair. 

C. Ledyard Blair is of the banking firm of Blair & Co. at 24 Broad 
Street, New York City. It was established by John I. Blair of Blairs- 
town in 1890 in association with De Witt C. Blair his son and C. Ledyard 
Blair his grand-son. John I. Blair was, for many years before his death, 
one of the most noted republicans in the state and was sent as a delegate 
to every Republican National Convention from that which nominated Lin- 
coln in ISCO till Mr. Blair's death ui 1S99. He was, too, one of the largest 
contributors to the Princeton College endowments and always a picturesque 
post-prandial orator at the annual banquets of the Alumni. 

C. Ledyard Blair is of Scotch descent. He was prepared at the 

Lawrenceville school for admis- 
sion to Princeton University, 
from which he graduated with 
the A, B. degree in 1S90. Mr. 
Blair has steadily refrained 
from seeking public office ; but 
he represented the state of New 
Jersey at the National Republi- 
can Convention of 1908 whicii 
put William H. Taft in nomina- 
tion for the Presidency and at 
that of 1916 which nominated 
Ex-Justice Hughes of the United 
States Supreme Court against 
President Wilson. 

Mr. Blair is a Governor, as 
well as a member, of the New 
York Stock Exchange, President 
of the Sussex Reality Company 
and Director of the Lackawan- 
na Steel Comi)any ; the Pressed 
Steel Car Company ; the Secur- 
ities Company : the Sussex R. R. ; the St. Louis & Hannibal Ry. ; the Ke- 
waunee, Green Bay & Western R. R. Company and the Carolina. Clinch- 
field & Ohio Ry. His club and association memberships are with the Auto- 
mobile of America : The Brook, Coaching, Metropolitan. New York Yacht, 
Prhiceton, Knickerbocker, Racquet, Union, and University Clubs and with 
the Sons of the American Revolution. 


JOHN ALBERT BLAIR — Jersey City. — Lawyer. Born in 
Blairstown on July 8th, 1842; son of John H. and Mary (Angle) 

John A. Blair has been a leading figure in the judicial life of Hudson 
County for many years. He is English on his mother's side, and on his 



father's side descended from the noted Blair family of Blair-Athol, Perth- 
shire, Scotland — representatives of which came to America as early as 
1720, and settled in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. 

Among those who came were two brothers; Samuel and John, both of 
whom were educated at the famous Log College on the Neshammy under 
the celebrated William Tennant, and became distinguished mmisters of the 
Presbyterian Church. A son of this Samuel, also the Rev. Samuel Blair, 
was pastor of the old South Church in Boston before the Revolution, and 
was offered the Presidency of Princeton College but declined in favor of 
Dr. Witherspoon. Rev. Jolui Blair one of the two brothers in 1767 became 
Professor of Divinity and Moral Philosophy at Princeton College, and was 
Acting President of the College mitil the accession of Dr. Witherspoon in 
1769. Later another member of the family, Samuel Blair, was sent from 
Philadelphia to take charge of the iron industry at Oxford Furnace, Warfen 

County, New Jersey. He was 
the great-great-grandfather of 
John A. Blair. 

Judge Blair was educated at 
Blairstown Presl>yterial Acad- 
emy, and at Princeton C'ollege, 
where he graduated in 1866, 
with honors. He studied law 
with Jehiel G. Shipman at Bel- 
videre, and was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney in June, 

1869, and as a Counsellor in 
June, 1872. He began the prac- 
tice of law ui Jersey City in 

1870, and has been there since. 
He was appointed District Court 
Judge in Jersey City by Gover- 
nor Bedle when the District 
Courts were first created in 
1877. In 1885 he was appointed 
Corporation Counsel for Jersey 
City, and resigning in 1889, was 

reappointed in 1894, resigned again in 1898, when he was appointed by 
Governor Griggs Judge of the Hudson Comity Court of Common Pleas, 
General Quarter Sessions and Orphans Court. He held this position for 
fifteen years, and until appointed by Governor Wilson Judge of the Second 
District Court of Jersey City. 

In religion Judge Blair is a Presbyterian and in politics a republican. 
He is President of the Union League Club of Hudson County and a 
member of the University and Princeton Clubs of Hudson County. 

Born at Hickory, N. C, January 22, 1883, son of Dr. Emmett H. 
and Mary Elizabeth Boisseau Bobbitt. 

Benjamin B. Bobbitt is the Editor of the Long Branch Record and 



State Commissioner of Public Reports. The state officials had been too 
industrious in unloading literature from their several departments upon 
the state prmters ; and to reduce its volume the Legislature in 1908 de- 
cided to appoint an editor for the revision and condensation of the output. 
Mr. Bobbitt is that Editor, with the title of Commissioner of Tublic Re- 

Mr. Bobbitt is of mixed ancestry, French, Spanish, Scotch, Irish and 
English, and his forebears figure conspicuously in the colonial history of 
the Virginias and the Carolinas. One of the founders of William and Mary 
College at Jamestown, Va., established in 1693, the second in the United 
States, is in his mother's ancestral line. 

Mr. Bobbitt studied at private schools, and, at the University of North 
Carolina, specialized m history, language and political science, with law 
and medicine on the side. He was still hi his teens when he began writing 

political articles and reviews for 
a local daily in Raleigh, X. C, 
and for Richmond, Philadelphia, 
and some New York newspapers 
and magazines. He was made 
Editor of the Evening Free Press 
in Danville and subsequently at- 
tached himself to the staff of 
the Norfolk, (Va.) Pilot, and of 
the Lebanon, (Pa.) Evening 

After comuig to Long Branch, 
in 1903, to assume the editor- 
ship of the Daily Record there, 
Mr. Bobbitt was made Publicity 
Director of Long Branch and 
organized its Publicity Bureau. 
He was one of the special State 
Commission to Investigate the 
Causes of Dependency and 
Crime appointed by Governor 
Fort in 190S. and was prominent 
in its work. From the position of Assistant Supervisor of Bills in the New 
Jersey Senate m 1913 he was made Supervisor of Bills in the followuig 
year. He was meanwhile also President of the Trend Publishing Company 
in New York and Editor of the Trend Magazine ; but resigned upon his ap- 
pointment by Governor Fielder as Commissioner of Public Reports, m Feb- 
ruary 1914. In the hicumbency of that office he saved the state on its 
printing bills $19,000 in 1915 and $21,000 in 1916. 

He is also a member of the Mosquito Extermination Commission of 
Monmouth Comity, a Trustee of the Long Branch Chamber of Commerce, 
Director of the Garfield Monument Association and a member of the 

As a writer, Mr. Bobbitt won m 1916 the third prize in the Philadel- 
phia Public Ledger editorial contest on reasons why President AVilson or 
Mr. Hughes should be elected. He was one of the 459 editors from neajlv 

Bosnian 55 

every state iu the Union, and all of the large cities to advocate Mr. Wilson's 
re-election iii the prize-winning contest. He was one of the first to urge 
Governor Wilson for the Presidency, booming him as early as 1907. He is 
a thorough independent in politics, however, bemg, as he says, miable to 
say whether he has supported more Republicans or Democrats, from Presi- 
dent down, for office. One of his first notices to state departments, upon 
assummg the State Editorship, was to the effect that anything savoring of 
partisanship must be eliminated from all state literature. 

DAVID BOSMAN — Rutherford. — Railway Officer. Born in 
Brooklyn, Dec. 13, 18G4 ; married in 1892 to Emily Sloane, of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

David Bosman, Mayor of Rutherford in 1910-11, is Vice-President and 
Secretary of the Erie Railroad Company, of the New York Susquehanna 
and Western Railway Company and of the New Jersey and New York Rail- 
road Company. 

Having been educated in the grammar schools and the High School of 
Brooklyn, Mr. Bosman became in 1885 a clerk in a law office ; but two years 
later was called to a position in the Erie Railway service. He rose from 
a clerkship to be Assistant Secretary, then to be Secretary ; and afterwards 
become Vice President. He is a Trustee of the Rutherford Trust Com- 
pany, Republican in politics and attends the Congregational Church. 

EMMA BOl^NE — South Orange, (445 Richmond Ave.)— Tem- 
perance Worker. Born at 28 New street, Newark, Sept. 5th, 1842 ; 
daughter of John and Mary Gordon (Barnett) Hill; married at 
Newark, January 13, 1868, by the Rev. R. R. Meredith, to Henry 
James Bourne, son of Jacob Bourne, of Ireland. 

Children : Mary Gordon Dexter ; Elizabeth B. Dickinson ; Amelia 
Barnett Kinsey ; John Hill Bourne. 

Emma Bourne's mother, Mrs. Mary G. Hill, was the first Presi- 
dent of the first Womens Christian Temperance Union organization in 
New Jersey — a local at Newark, in 1874 — continuing in that office 
for eight years. In the early days Mrs. Bourne sought to aid the 
cause by the distribution of tracts ; but the literature was ex- 
pensive. She and Mrs. Campfield, who was associated with her, were 
obliged to pay $3 per thousand for the leafiets ; and, believing that they 
could be profitably produced for $1 per 1,000, they started a small publish- 
mg business, had their prmting done by contracts with Newark printers 
and supplied their literature to all interested in the cause in all parts of the 
state. This they continued to do until the establishment of the Women's 
Temperance Publication Association by the National W. C. T. U., whose 
headquarters are now in Evanston, 111. 

The state organization of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union 



came into being in 1874. Mrs. Bourue was the Recording Secretary, for ten 
years prior to her election as President, of tlie State Union, and for nine- 
teen years thereafter she directed its energies. While in the office she se- 
cured the free lecture service of Miss Willard, promised to the state having 
the largest membership gain. Miss Willard's lecture was delivered in 
Jersey City. May 11. 1897. The other prize lecture offered by Miss Willard 
was for largest gain ua the number of Loyal Temperance Legions was given 
in New York City the previous night. Miss AVillard died February 17, 
1898 ; and these were the last two lectures given by her, except those which 
she delivered before the National Convention and at the World's Con- 
vention in Octol)er of 1897. 



il V 

During the administration of 
Mrs. Bourne the state W. C. T. 
L'. was incorporated (in 1894). 
The Scientific Temperance Edu- 
cational Law was passed in the 
same year with only one oppos- 
ing vote, the first attempt in 
this direction having been made 
by the W. C. T. U. in 188.5. The 
Cnion also participated in the 
popular uprising against gamb- 
ling, race-track book-making and 
lotteries led in after years b,v 
the Rev. Dr. Everett Kempshall, 
Pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Elizabeth, and also 
in the movement for the fram- 
mg of what is known as the 
"Bishops' Law" for the regula- 
tion of the litpior traffic of the 
state. In 1908 the State AV. C. 
T. U. started, with $1,000, an endowment fund that gifts and bequests have 
since increased to $2,364. 

Mrs. Bourne graduated from the Wesleyan Institute Newark and from 
the Newark Normal School. She was a teacher in the Newark schools for 
seven years, and for ten years later was engaged in the life uisurance busi- 
ness. Her subsequent activities were devoted to the promotion of the tem- 
perance cause in connection with the W. C. T. U. 

CORNELIA BRADFORD— Jersey City.— Settlement worker. 

Cornelia F. Bradford, who is a sister of the late Rev. Amory H. Brad- 
ford, of Montclair, has been Headworker, since its beginning, of the 
Whittier House m Jersey City, the first settlement house in New Jersey. 
In 1914 -;\'hen the Whittier House reached its twentieth anniversary, the 
event wnii commemorated by a complimentary dinner to Miss Bradford at 

Bradford 57 

Scottish Rite Temple. Ex-Supreme Court Justice Gilbert Collins was the 
toastmaster of the eveumg. Governor Fielder was one of the guests, and 
at the tables were many prominent officials of state and city and women 
from New York settlements and suffrage organizations. In 1913 Miss 
Bradford was appomted a member of the Jersey City Board of Educa- 
tion and served m the Board for four years. It was because of her 
efforts that the old post office site was purchased and upon it a new 
primary school building erected with shower baths, gymnasium and audi- 

Previous to the opening of Whittier House INIiss Bradford lived 
some time in Mansfield House, Camiington, East London. Upon her return 
from this English settlement, she went directly to Hull House, Chicago, to 
study mider Jane Addams. Her opportunities while in East London for 
studying the conditions of that part of London were very unusual because 
of the great mterest taken in her by Mr. Percy Alden, at that time Warden 
of the Mansfield House Settlement for Men, since a member of the House 
of Commons. In Chicago Miss Addams did everythmg m her power to ac- 
quamt her with settlement work methods and life. 

Miss Bradford went to Hull House with the intention of starting a set- 
tlement in Jersey, knowing that lower Jersey City is one of the overlooked 
portions of the earth. In December of '93 Miss Bradford began to go 
about among the people of the locality, visiting the houses, talking to w^ay- 
farers on the streets and to the children in the parks, introducing herself to 
the officials, learning to Imow the city and spendmg her nights m a fur- 
nished room house on Grand street, where her apartments were often the 
refuge of abused wives and neglected children. Her experiences in these 
rooms gave her a better understanding of, and a deeper sympathy with the 
conditions under which the people in whom she had interested her- 
self were living, and opi)ortunities too for an acquaintance with the people 
themselves. She told them meanwhile that in time she hoped to have a 
home of her own in the neighborhood, when she wanted them to rim in and 
see her have a cup of tea with her and be in every sense neighborly. A 
room in old Peoples Palace on Grand street was eventually placed at her 

From its very beginnmg, the Whittier House movement was to be con- 
structive in its work. In the old Peoples Palace gymnasium Miss Brad- 
ford started the first kindergarten in the city, the Mothers Club, which was 
the first woman's club in the city; the only sewing school in the Lower 
City, and an evening Study Club for factory girls. She launched in a small 
way the pawn shop which proved a friend to many needy persons, in the 
unemployment winter of 1894. Only the legal interest was charged and ui 
every case the article was redeemed. Later chattel mortgaging took the 
place of the pawn shop. It was upon these foundation stones that Whittier 
House was established, and on the morning of May 14th, 1894, with a ten 
dollar bill and three articles of furniture, the "settlement" threw open its 
doors in a building of its own at 174 Grand street. To-day Whittier 
House owns two large houses standmg side by side, a third one adjoining is 
rented for it and it has a summer camp at Pomona. N. Y. 

Whittier House has been a leader in social reforms, and many of the 
np-lift organizations of the city, county and state had their origin there. 

58 Bradley 

As soon as possible these activities have been given over to other organiza- 
tions In 1894 it started the first kindergarten but later gave it to the 
public schools; established the first Penny Provident Bank, still the only one 
m the city, and started "Legal Aid" giving it to the city in 1916-the second 
oldest legal Aid Association in the United States. In 1896 it established 
the District Nurse which led to the Municipal Nurses. In 1897 it opened 
the first Dental Dispensary which later led to the dental dispensary in 
public schools. In 1898 it opened m its back yard the first public play- 
groimd in the city. In 1898 it helped to form the Organized Aid of Jersey 
City In 1898 it started the Consumers' League. In 1901 it made some 
important housmg condition mvestigations, which led to the State Tenement 
House Commission. 

A meeting called by Miss Bradford m 1906 resulted in the forming of 
the Hudson County Tuberculosis Association which built the Laural Hill 
Sanatorium. In 1908 a City Betterment Club was formed to take upon it- 
self the study of movmg pictures, of children's attendance at theaters and 
similar work. In 1909 it mitiated the S. P. C. C. which later led to a home 
of its own and still later to the Hudson County Parental Home. In 1912 
it opened the first Milk Dispensary which after two years was taken over 
by the city. The North America Civic League, located in Whittier House, 
finally grew mto the State Bureau of Immigration. It has also had the 
only Jersey City Advisory Bureau of Foreigners and also an Occupational 
one for boys and girls just out of school. It is carrying on at present the 
first and only Diet Kitchen, and the only ^Yomen's and Children's Dispen- 
sary in lower Jersey City, and it is the only organization looking after sick 
babies at night. 


CHARLES BRADLEY— Newark, (18 James St.)— Brewer. Born 
at Newark, August 31, 1857; son of Joseph P. and Mary (Horn- 
blower) Bradley; married on April 12, 1882, to Julie E. Ballan- 
tuie, daughter of Robert F. and Anne E. Ballantine. 

Children : Charles Burnet, born 1883 ; Robert Ballantine, born 
1886 ; xVnne Brown, born 1894 ; Francis Barlow, born 1897. 

Charles Bradley, the son of one of the most famous of American jurists, 
is an owner, and the chief executive officer, of one of the greatest brewery 
establishments in the country. 

The Bradley family traces its origin in this country back to an earlier 
day than that of the fomiding of the City of Newark, the 250th Anniversary 
of which, as one of the Citizens Committee of One Hmidred, Mr. Bradley 
helped the city to becomingly commemorate in 1916. The earliest traces 
of its presence on this side of the ocean, tells of the settlement of Francis 
Bradley in Fairfield, Conn., in 1660. Joseph Bradley 2d. was in 1701 a 

Bradley 59 

resident of Berne in Albany County, N. Y. Joseph Bradley 3d. was born 
there. His son, Philo, married Mercy Gardner when both were but seven- 
teen years of age; and the late Justice Bradley was the first fruit of the 

Born in 1813, the late Justice taught while taking a course at Rutgers 
College, and graduated there in the class of 1836, made memorable in college 
annals by the number of afterwards famous men who were of it. Cort- 
landt Parker, a noted American lawyer, and Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, 
who became United States Senator and Secretary of State of the United 
States, were among his classmates. Both of Newark, they persuaded 
Joseph P. Bradley to seek liis fortune m their New Jersey city and, after a 
period of study in the office of xVrcher Gifford, he entered upon the practice 
of the law there. His legal skill and learning gave him a first place among 
the lawyers of the cormtry ; and in 1870 President Grant offered him a seat 
on the Bench of the United States Supreme Court, which he accepted. The 
father of his wife, the late Chief Justice Hornblower of the New Jersey Su- 
preme Court, was hardly less noted as a jurist than Mr. Bradley himself. 
Serving mider five admmistrations, those of Grant, Hayes, Arthur, Cleve- 
land and Harrison, Justice Bradley remained on the United States Supreme 
Court Bench till his death in 1892. 

Charles Bradley was educated in Grants Private School in Newark, 
at Rutgers Preparatory school and at Rutgers College, graduating in 1876, 
and became President of the Rutgers College Alumni Association. Two 
years after graduation he was given the law degree by Columbian Law 
School in Washington, D. C. where his father's judicial duties induced him 
to make his home. He began his business career m the draw-back division 
of the New York Custom House ; and subsequently, from 1879 to 1883, was 
engaged with the firm of H. V. Butler, Jr., & Co, paper manufacturers, of 
New York City. His marriage to a daughter of the late Robert F. Ballan- 
tine eventuated in his association, in the following year with the great 
Ballantine brewery interests. He became Secretary and Manager of the 
company, and in 1905 was made it's Vice President and Treasurer. 

The exactions of his business have not prevented Mr. Bradley from 
participatmg in public and civic activities of various kinds. For nine years 
he was State Director in the United Railroads and Canal Company of New 
Jersey ; and he was one of the delegates from New Jersey who put the late 
Garret A. Hobart, of Paterson, as a candidate for Vice President of the 
United States, on the ticket with William McKinley, at the Republican Na- 
tional Convention of 1896. He is an active member of the Newark Board of 
Trade ; a Trustee, and the Treasurer, of the Newark Museum Association ; 
Trustee and Vice President of the New Jersey Historical Society, and of 
the Newark Eye and Ear Infirmary ; and, in the Newark City Celebration 
Committee of One Hundred, was one of the leading factors. 

His business connections are of course very wide and varied, besides 
being Vice President and Treasurer of the P. Ballantine & Sons Company, 
he is a Director of the Murphy Varnish Co. ; a Trustee of the New Jersey 
Brewers Association, a Trustee of the New York Brewers Board of Trade, 
Vice President and Treasurer of the Passaic Transportation Company, and 

60 Bradley 

officer and Director iu several other affiliated businesses, a director in sever- 
al banks, and Trustee of several private trusts. 

His Clubs are the Essex, Morris County Golf, Morristown Club, Whip- 
pay River, Somerset Hills Country, the Down Town Association and the 
University Club of New York. 

JAMES A. BRADLEY— Asbury Park.— Manufacturer. Born in 
\J Rossville. S. I., Feb. 4, 1830. 

James A. Bradley is the "Fomider" of Asbury Park. He had been suc- 
cessfull m business as a brush manufacturer when in 1871 ill health forced 
him to seek recreation. He chose a wild spot by the sea on the Monmouth 
coast over rmi with brush, and thick with woods where the sauddunes per- 
mitted any growth at all, and mvested in 500 acres of it. It was a most 
impromising prospect but his prophetic eye saw the possibilities of its fu- 
ture, and he immediately planned to build there a new mid-summer capi- 
tal, that, milike any other resort on the sea-coast, was to be free from the 
"rum curse." He laid the acres out in streets and lots, and began the con- 
struction of the new resort with the timber he fell to clear for the fomida- 
tions. Mr. Bradley is a consistant church member ; and the devotional 
spirit prompted him to call it Asbury Park, after the famous Methodist 

Saloons were banished from it and it came to be known as the temper- 
ance resort of the North coast of New Jersey. The sudden popularity of 
the resort made Mr. Bradley a very wealthy man ; and he has stood as its 
guardian and protector through all of its history. Of late years he has been 
subjecting Bradley Beach to a like development. 

Mr. Bradley went to the old Madison street school in New York un- 
til he was twelve years of age. Then he was put to work on the farm of 
William Davies, in Bloomfield, as a boy of all work. Farm work was not 
pleasing to him, and he sought more active employment in New York. At 
twenty-one he was foreman in the brush factory of Francis B. Furnald, 
Pearl street, New York City, and six years later he went into the brush 
business for himself. Under his touch the business magnified until its 
plant covered many buildings and employed many hands. 

Mr. Bradley had been a republican from the days of Fremont and Day- 
ton, but at the same time was an enthusiastic prohibitionist. At one of the 
Presidential elections he cut the Republican candidate for the Prohibition 
candidate. A temperance wave in Monmouth county, accentuated by the 
excitements following the "Jockey Legislatures" in New Jersey, brought 
him forward as a candidate for the state Senate ; and he was one of several 
republicans elected to displace democrats in that which was to meet iu 
Trenton ui 1894. When they reached the State Capitol, the democratic 
holdover Senators refused to honor their credentials and barred the doors 
of the Senate Chamber against them. Senator Bradley was one of the 
most insistant of all in demanding recognition and participated in the his- 



torieally wild scenes that followed. Senator Bradley was content witli a 
single term in the Senate and did not seek re-election. 


CORNELIUS BRETT — Jersey City. — Clergyman. Born at 
New York City on Nov. 25, 1842 ; son of Rev. Philip Milledoler and 
Cornelia (Bogert) Brett; married at New Brunswick on Oct. 10, 
1865, to Helen B. Runyon, daughter of Clarkson and Matilda C. 
( Mundy ) Runyon . 

Children : Maud Runyon, born Aug. 10, 1867, Philip Mille- 
doler, born Feb. 17, 1871. 

Cornelius Brett is pastor of Bergen Reformed Church on Jersey City 
Heights, the oldest congregation m the state of New Jersey. The 
history of the church is coincident with the history of Jersey City from 

the days when it was known 
as the Paulus Hook settlement. 
The Rev. Dr. Brett has officiat- 
ed in its pulpit for more than 
40 years. Prior to coming to 
the Bergen Church he had offi- 
ciated in other Reformed Dutch 
Churches — m Flatlands, L. I., 
in Newark, N. J. and Montgom- 
ery, N. Y. 

The Rev. Dr. Brett has been 
a figure not only in the Church 
but in the social and civic life 
and even in the military life of 
Hudson Covmty. For eight 
years he was Chaplain of the 
Fourth Regiment of the Nation- 
al Guard of the State, and is 
now a Chaplam of the Society 
of Colonial Wars of New Jersey. 
Dr. Brett is of mixed Imeage. 
His line rmis back into England, 
Holland, France, Germany, Switzerland and Scotland. His father was al- 
so a Reformed Dutch minister, who went to St Thomas, West Indies, 
soon after Dr. Brett's birth, and lived there till 1846. Dr. Brett after- 
wards resided in New York City till '51, on Staten Island till '60, in 
Brooklyn till '65, Flatlands, L. I. till '70, in Newark, till '73, and Mont- 
gomery. N. Y., till '76, when he was invited to assume the pastorate of the 
Bergen Reformed Church. His education was acquired at the Brooklyn 
Polytechnic Institute, at New York University and at the Theological 
Semuiary at New Brmiswick, where he graduated in 1865. Ursinus Col- 
lege conferred the D. D. degree upon him in 1889 and he received the 
same degree from Rutger's College m 1016. 

Dr. Brett is a member of the Reformed Church Clerical Association 
New York City, of the Presbyterian Clerical Association of New York 
City and of the Gamma Sigma Clerical Association of Hudson Coimty. He 

62 Bright 

is also connected witli the Hudson County University Club, the Hudson 
County Historical Society, the New York Historical Society and is a life 
member of the New Jersey Historical Society, of the Gamma Sigma Cleri- 
cal Association of Hudson County, the Phi Beta Kappa Alumni Associa- 
tion of New York City, the Cosmos Club of Jersey City and the Society 
of the Colonial Wars of the State of New Jersey. 

WILLL4M H. BRIGHT— Wildwood.— Real Estate. Born at 
Bridgehampton, Michigan, October 21, 1863; son of Henry and 
Mary (McClintock) Bright, married at Stony Run, Pa., on Dec. 
27, 1892. to Priscilla F. Buck, daughter of James Monroe and 
Prisca Buck of Berks county. Pa. 

Children: Honor, Eloise, Joy, Noble, Ward and Cooper Bright. 

William H. Bright is of English and Irish parentage. His father was 
born in Liverpool, but came to America in 1852, when he was twenty 
years of age. His mother was a native of Tyrone, Ireland : her i)arents 
came to this country when she was a yomig child. Mr. Bright was edu- 
cated in the Philadelphia public schools and became interested on the 
republican side in the politics of Cape May Covmty. At the time of the 
Roosevelt demonstration against the renomination of President Taft in 
1912, Bright was a delegate to both of the rival Conventions and partici- 
pated m the excitements of that episode in American politics. He was a 
delegate-at-large four years later to the National Progressive Convention. 

Mr. Bright was Collector and Treasurer of the borough of Holly 
Beach when he was nomuiated for Sheriff of Cape May County. While 
serving as Sheriff he organized the First National Bank of Cape May 
Court House and was made its President. He is also a director of the 
Marine National Bank of AYildwood. Sheriff Bright has made mmaicipal 
Government problems his special study. 

WILLIAM BRINKERHOFF — Jersey City. (15 Exchange 
Place.) — Lawyer. Born in Bergen (Jersey City I July 19, 1843; 
son of John and Hannah Brmkerhoft", married at Jersey City in 
1868 to Melissa, daughter of Allan and Melissa Clark. 

Children : Lillie, who married Dwight M. Billings of Bridge- 
port, Conn., now of Amherst, Mass. 

The Brinkerhoff name is woven all through the history of the old 
Dutch settlement on Bergen Hill known, before its consolidation with 
Jersey City in 1874, as the City of South Bergen ; and William Brinkor- 
hoff has since made the name a notable one in the public and profession- 
al life of the state. 

Mr. Brinkerhoff began his education in the Public schools of the city 
and later attended Rutger's College. The Civil War broke out while he 
was a student there, and he left to go to the front in the Union cause. 
He served in the 21st New Jersey Yolunteers, forming part of the 6th 
Army Corp. Upon his return from the scene of conflict, he read law in 
the oflBce of Jacob R. Wortendyke, was admitted to the Bar as an attorney 

Brown 63 

in '65 and made a counsellor in '69. He has since been engaged in the 
practice of his profession in jersey City. He was Counsel to the Board 
of Chosen Freeholders from '68 to '72, and for three separate terms after 
1884 held the position of Corporation Counsel of Jersey City. 

Like his father, who was for years Director of the Hudson Comity 
Board of Freeholders and afterwards a Judge of the Hudson County 
Courts, Mr. Brinkerhoft" has a liking for public affairs. Early in life he 
was a member of the Bergen City Common Council, becoming the Presi- 
dent of the Board, and, when a vacancy occured in the Mayor's office, be- 
came, at twenty-eight, the Mayor of the City. In 1870 he was a member 
of the New Jersey House of Assembly, and in 1873 was a member of the 
State Constitutional Convention, which framed a number of amendments 
that have helped to bring the constitution of 1884 abreast with the spirit 
of later times. From 1880 to 1883 he was a member of the Democratic 
State Executive Committee and in 1884 was elected to represent Hudson 
Comity in the New Jersey State Senate. Smce the close of his term in 
1887 he has given his entire attention to his private practice. 

Senator Brmkerhoff is a Director of the Commercial Trust Company, 
a member of the Carteret Club and Jersey City Club, and one of the 
Trustees of the Holland Society of New York Citv. 

HELEN DAWES BROWN— Montclair. (48 Elm St.)— Author. 
Lecturer. Born in Concord, Mass., May 15, 1857; daughter of 
William Dawes and Martha (Swan) Brown. 

Helen Dawes Brown is a graduate of Vassar College, class of 1878. 
In 1890 she received the degree of Master of Arts. She is a member of 
the Phi Beta Kappa Society. 

Miss Brown has written "Two College Girls", issued in 1886; "The 
Petrie Estate", 1893; "Little Miss Phoebe Gay", 1895; "A Civilian At- 
tache", 1899 ; "Her Sixteenth Year", 1901 ; "A Book of Little Boys", 1904 ; 
"Mr. Tuckerman's Nieces", 1907; "Orphans", 1911; "How Phoebe Foimd 
Herself", 1912 ; "Talks to Freshman Girls", 1914. Her books are published 
by Houghton Muffin Company. 

Miss Brown is a member of the Women's University Club, (New York), 
and Onteora Club, (Tannersville. N. Y.) 

OLIVER HUFF BROWN— Spring Lake.— Merchant. Born at 
Farmiugdale. Dec. 12th. 1852, son of Peter and Sarah Brown. 

Oliver H. Brown began his life work as an employee of a coimtry 
store at Avon. Two years later he was offered an opportunity by John 
A. Githen of Asbury Park, and was manager of the business for eight 
years. Many trips across the seas enlarged his business views and ex- 
periences ; and when he came back in 1881 he was ready to go into busi- 
ness for himself. He then established a unique busmess in the way of 
furniture, fine china, brie a brae glass, etc. in Spring Lake. The business 



grew rapidly and he subsequently opened branches in Lakewood and 
Asbury Park. Mr. Brown is much consulted as a commissioner m his 
line of business. 

His activities and progressiveness in the community brought him the 
office of Mayor of the borough of Spring Lake, irrespective of politics; 
and when Spring Lake, North Spruig Lake and Como consolidated, he was 
elected first Mayor of the new borough and still contuiues to hold this 
ofl5ce covering a period of twenty-six years. In 1896 he was nommated 
for a seat in the House of Assembly of 1897 and served one term. In 
1902 the Republicans of the County named him as there candidate for the 
State Senate, and he was renominated and re-elected in 1905. 1908 and 
1911 serving nme years in the Upper House. In the first two campaigns 
his democratic opponent was Dr. Hugh S. Kinmouth of Asbury Park, and 

the third campaign opponent 
was Judge RulifE F. Lawrence 
of Freehold. He was also a dele- 
gate to the National Kepul)lican 
Convention in Philadelphia that 
in 1900 renominated President 
McKinley, with Theo. Roosevelt 
on the ticket as the candidate 
for Mce President. 

Senator Brown is President 
of the First National Bank of 
Spring Lake and a director of 
the Lakewood Trust Company, 
the First National Bank of Lake- 
wood, the First National Bank 
of Bradley Beach and the New 
First National Bank of Farm- 
ingdale, and has large interests 
in other Monmouth county en- 
terprises. He is largely inter- 
ested in The New Monmouth 
Hotel of Spring Lake and has 
always been its Treasure: : the owner also of a number of hotels on the 
coast; is President of the New Essex & Sussex Hotel of Spring Lake and 
of the New Montery Hotel of Asbury Park ; President and half owner of 
large property at Jefferson, New Hampshire, consisting of four hotels, one 
of these being the famous Hotel AVaumbek, a numl)er of cottages and a 
golf course that is said to be one of the best m the countrv. 

MARY SPALDING BROWN, (Mrs. Wm. Thayer Brown)— East 

Orange, (172 Prospect St.)— Civic Worker. Born at Byron, 111., 
on Oct. 14th, 1854; daughter of James L. and Harriet Irene (Good- 
will) Spalding; married at Rockford, 111., on Aug. 24th, 1875, to 
William Thayer Brown (died May 7th, 1916) son of Horace and 
Mary Thayer Brown, of Vermont. 

Browning 65 

Children : Horace, Harriet Irene, Wiliam Tliayer Brown, Jr., 
and Elizabeth. Eulalia. 

Mrs. Mary Spalding Brown is interested hi charitable and civic work. 
Her family traces its orighi in this country back to 1630. She was educated 
in the schools and at the college in Rockford, 111. She lived afterwards 
in Chicago ; and coming East resided in Siiringfield, Mass., before coming 
to New Jersey in 1900. 

AVhile living in Chicago 1884-1897 Mrs. Brown was a member of the 
Fortnightly Club serving a term as Secretary, and also Vice President of 
the Chicago Woman's Club. She was a member too, of the Board of 
Managers of the Training School for Nurses connected with Cook Comity 
Hospital and served as Director in the Home for the Friendless. At the 
World's Fair in 1893 Mrs. Brown was a member of the Committee on 
Organization of the World's Congress of Representative Women. 

Since making her home m East Orange Mrs. Brown has been interested 
in all kinds of social and civic work. In 1906, '7, '8 she was President of 
the Womens Club of Orange. In 1910 Governor Fort appointed her a mem- 
ber of the Board of Managers of the New Jersey State Reformatory for 
Women, at Clinton. Later Mrs. Brown received commissions from Gover- 
nors Woodrow Wison and Fielder, but m 1915 she was obliged to resign 
from the Board on account of ill health. She is a member of the Board 
of the Womans Exchange, Vice President of Young AVomens Christian Asso- 
ciation, a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution and just 
now is, of course, much interested in Red Cross and other forms of "Pre- 
paredness" work. As a member of Trmity Congregational Church she is 
active in the Womans Guild. 

WILLIAM JOHN BROWNING— Camden, (315 Linden St.) — 
Merchant. Born in Camden, April 11, 1850 ; son of William 
Hinchman and Mary Cooper (Borroughs) Browning; married at 
Camden, on December 30, 1873, to Lillie A. Taylor, daughter of 
Rev. Thomas R. and Sarah S. (Webb) Taylor. 

Children : W. Kempton Browning. 

William J. Brownuig probably has a larger acquaintance with the public 
men of the United States than any other man in New Jersey. For sixteen 
years he was Chief Clerk of the National House of Representatives at 
Washmgton, and left his desk there only to take a seat on the floor as a 
member of the House. Congressman Henry C. Loudenslager, who had rep- 
resented the first district for eighteen years, died in August, 1911 ; and Mr. 
Browning was elected in the Fall of that year to fill the vacancy. He 
served in the office of Chief Clerk longer than any man who had ever held 
the office. He was elected to Congress m 1912-1914-1916. In the campaign 
of 1912 he was the only republican elected in the New Jei-sey Congi-essional 

Mrs. Browning's father was Pastor of the First Baptist Church in 
Camden for many years ; and her brother, the Rev. Thomas R. Taylor, who 
is also a Baptist mmister, is Chaplain of the New Jersey State Prison in 
Trenton. Mr. Browning himself is of Quaker descent and was brought up 

66 BrowniBg 

a Quaker. His early schooling was acqiiired at the Friends Central High 
School, Philadelphia. He was engaged in the wholesale dry goods busmess 
in Philadephia for thirty years, entering the firm of Davis Kempton & Com- 
pany, when a boy of fifteen and finally becoming a member of the firm. 

Mr. Browning served as a member of the Board of Education in Cam- 
den for four years and as a member of the City Comicil for four years 
more. President Harrison named him in 1889 as Post Master of Camden, 
in which position he served for five years. When he was appointed Chief 
Clerk of the House of Representatives in 1895, the famous Thomas B. 
Reed of Maine was its presiding officer. His position not only gave him 
miusual opportunities for acquamtance with the distmguished men of the 
country but brought him into intimate relations with all of them. He has 
been a friend of the Presidents ; and, when President McKinley fell before 
the pistol of an assassin, Chief Clerk Browning was one of those who ac- 
companied the remains to the 
grave and took part in the me- 
morial services. His influence 
has also been largely exerted in 
the most important national le- 
gislation of the years. 

Ever since Mr. Browning's 
election to Congress he has been 
a member of the House Com- 
mittee on Naval Affairs ; and, 
always an advocate of a large 
navy, he was largely instrument- 
al in securing the $536,000,000. 
appropriation for a more efli- 
cieut and larger navy authorized 
at the close of the 64th session. 
Besides these larger activities 
Congressman Bi'owning succeed- 
ed in pushing through the House 
at the session of 1916 an item 
in the River and Harbor bill ap- 
propriating $79,000 for the deep- 
ening of the Delaware River in 
front of the city of Camden ; and it would have passed the Senate but for 
the filibuster over the "armed neutrality" resolution that defeated the con- 
sideration of all other legislation. 

Mr. Browning served m the National Guard of the state of New Jersey 
for twenty years, comiecttng himself with company C of the Sixth regiment 
and retired with the rank of Major. He was Adjuster of the Camden and 
Suburban Railway for several years before it merged with the Public 
Service Corporation, and is at present a Director and Secretary of the West 
Jersey Traction Company. He is a member of the Y. M. C. A. in Camden, 
the Gloucester County Historical Society, the Camden Board of Trade, the 
Union League of Philadelphia, the New Jersey Society of Pennsylvania, the 
Academy of Fine Arts of Philadelphia, the Camden Republican Club and the 
First Ward Republican Club of Camden, a 32d. Degree Mason, a Knight 

Bryant 67 

Templar, Tall Cedar of Lebanon, a Sliriner and a member of Camden 
Lodge, B. P. O. E. 

Congressman Browning's son is a physician practicing in Camden. 

LEWIS T. BRYANT— Atlantic City.— Lawyer. Born in Atlantic 
Comity, July, 1874. 

Lewis T. Bryant is the head of tiae New Jersey State Department of 
Labor and the State Commissioner of Labor. With the idea of following 
the profession of Civil Engineer, Gen. Bryant entered Pennsylvania Military 
College at Chester, Pa., and graduated from there with the C. E. degree in 
1891 ; but, preferring the practice of law, he entered the office of Allen B. 
Endicott as a student and was admitted to the bar in 1898. 

Connecting himself with the United States Volunteer Army as Captam 
of Company F., 4th Regiment of New Jersey Volunteers Infantry, Gen. 
Bryant became Major in the spring of 1899 and later Assistant Inspector 
General of the National Guard of New Jersey with the rank of Lieutenant 
Colonel. He was later commissioned Inspector General of the National 
Guard with rank of Brigadier General. 

Gen. Bryant was Secretary of the New Jersey Commission at the Louis- 
iana Purchase Exposition from early in December, 1903, till the close of the 
display. He served also as Secretary of the Jamestown Exposition Com- 
mission. In January of 1904 he was appointed to succeed John C. Ward 
as Inspector of Factories and Work Shops. An act passed a little later in 
the year changed the title of the office to that of Commissioner of Labor ; 
and Gov. Murphy continued him in the office under the new title. On the 
expiration of his term in 1909 Governor Stokes renominated him and when 
that second term ran out, m 1910, Governor Fort appointed him again. Gov- 
ernor Wilson reappointed him although a Republican ; and by legislative 
enactment his term was extended and his term will expire in September 
of 1918. 

Colonel Bryant is identified with the hotel and other real estate in- 
terests in Atlantic City and for 13 years was Captain of the Morris Guards, 
Atlantic City's celebrated military social organization. 

PERCY BRYANT— Rahway, (Bowdoin Park.)— Physician and 
Alienist. Born at Charles City, Iowa, on April 19, 1862 ; son of 
Nathaniel C. and Mary Eliza (Southall) Bryant; married at New 
York City, Feb'y 21, 1900, by the Rev. Melville K. Bailey of Grace 
Chapel, New York City, to Josephine Myrick Webb, daughter 
of Edward and Hannah Elizabeth (Myrick) Webb, of Newcastle, 

Children : Nathaniel, born Dec. 26, 1900 ; Cushmg, born June 15, 
1902 — both at Newcastle, Maine. 

Percy Bryant's paper on Simple Idiopathic Epilepsy, (State Hospital 
Bulletin, N. Y., October, 1896), is the earliest medical literature ever pub- 
lished on the Auto-Toxaemic origin of Epilepsy ; and shortly afterwards it 
was copied by the Journal of Mental Science, London, England. He was 



one of the Surgeons who assisted Dr. William T. Bull m the notable Ma- 
loney case, in 1886 ; — Maloney suffered a wound of the abdomen with a 
38 eal. revolver, the bullet makinj? eleven punctures of the intestine, an in- 
jury that was then classified as fatal. The accident occurred m the even- 
ing, and a laparotomy was performed the same night at eleven o'clock, at 
Chambers St. Hospital. The patient made a rapid recovery and developed 
no sequelae. This case established a land mark in the development of ab- 
dominal surgery, because extended surgical interference in these cases was, 
at that time, generally regarded by the profession as harmful and futile, if 
not malpractice. The operation has since saved hundreds of lives, especially 
in military service. 

Dr. Bryant is eighth m descent from John Bryant. Sen. of Scituate, a 
Plymouth Colony Colonial Legislator, and Mary Hyland, his wife, whose 

family came to America in 
1636. from Tenterdon. Eng. 
.Jolm Bryant was a member 
of the Military Company of 
Scituate. in 1643. and in 1658, 
was commissioned Seargeant. 
He w^as three times elected 
a Representative to the Le- 
gislator from Scituate. His 
son, Thomas Bryant, Esq., 
served as a Representative 
in the Massachusetts legisla- 
ture for several years. He 
was a ship-Iniilder, as four 
generations of his descend- 
ents were also, and a man of 
great wealth and mfluence in 
New England, with an estate 
of £10,000 which was many 
times larger than the average 
estate of the well-to-do of 
that period, 1748, w^heu he 
died. (Vol. II, P. 221, Probate 
records, Plymouth, Mass.) 
Another of the descendents was Nathaniel Bryant, Shipbuilder, of New- 
castle, Me., who was born m 1738. He built there before the Revolutionary 
War, a wharf, the remains of which are still to be seen : and his son Na- 
thaniel Bryant, born m 1765, had ship-yards at Newcastle and Noble- 
borough, and a trading post at Jefferson, then ten miles distant by water, 
where he owned over 1,000 acres of timberland which supplied lumber for 
his vessels. 

Dr. Bryant's father was Commander Nathaniel Bryant, U. S. N. who 
served in the Mexican war as Acting INIaster of the U. S. Sloop Dale, and 
served m the American Civil War, from the beginning to the end of hostil- 
ities. He commanded the Gun-boat "Cairo" of the Mississippi Flotilla in 
1862, and received prize money for the capture of the Confederate Gun- 
boats "Sumpter", "General Bragg" and "Hiawatha". 

Buchanan 69 

Dr. Bryant was educated in the High School at Cedar Falls, Iowa, 
Columbia College, New York City, (M. D. 1888,) and at the Chicago 
Homeopathic Medical College, (M. D. 1883.) He served twenty-two months 
as an Interne and House Surgeon in Cook County Hospital, Chicago, 
(1883-5,) and was afterwards Ambulance Surgeon to the Chambers Street 
Hospital, New York City. During his incumbency as House Surgeon, he 
was lecturer to the Illinois Trainuig School for Nurses. He was subse- 
quently assistant physician at Wards Island Insane Asylum, New York 
City, and at the Buffalo State Hospital. He was promoted to First Assis- 
tant Physician in the latter named institution in 1895, after passing No. 1 
in the competative Civil Service exammation held at Albany, Dec. 24, 1894, 
and was promoted to Medical Superintendent of the Manhattan State Hos- 
pital, New York City, in 1897, after passmg a competative Civil Service 
exammation. In 1901, he resigned on account of faillug health, and later 
entered into private practice at 52 Midwood St., and afterwards at 134 
Hawthorne St., Brooklyn, but was obliged to move from the city and take 
up an out door life. In 1906 he purchased the Bowdom estate of ten acres, 
at Rahway, and is living there in retirement. 

Dr. Bryant was Asst. Opthalmologist hi St. Bartholomews Hospital, 
New Y'^ork City, in 1902, and Assistant Surgeon, with the rank of Capt. 
74th Regt., N. Y. N. G. from 1893 to '97, and during his service there quali- 
fied both as a sharpshooter and as an expert. He reorganized the methods 
of instruction in the Traming School for Nurses at the Buffalo State Hos- 
pital m 1890, and at the Manhattan State Hospital in 1897, and brought 
both schools from a primative state of development to a high degree of 
efiiciency. He is a Democrat in politics, hi religion an Episcopalian, a 
companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion and member of the 
Society of Mayflower Descendants (life member). Society of Colonial Wars 
(life member), American Medico-Psychological Association, Columbia Uni- 
versity Alumni Association, New York State Medical Association, and New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, (life member). 

Mrs. Bryant, (Josephine Myrick Webb) was graduated from the Lin- 
coln Academy, Newcastle, Me., 1892, is Correspondmg Secretary to the Worn- 
ens Political Union, Rahway, and is a member of the Society of Colonial 
Dames, Massachusetts Chapter, in right of General Constant Southworth, 
who served in Khig Philips War. From both parents she comes of notable 
New England stock "In ye old Colonye", and is a descendant of two signers 
of the Mayflower Compact, Isaac Allerton and Stephen Hopkins. 

JOSEPH RAY BUCHANAN— Montclair, (Watchmig Ave.) — 
Journalist, Author, Lecturer. Born at Hannibal, Mo., December 
6, 1851; son of Robert S. and Mary Ellen (Holt) Buchanan; 
married at Denver, Col., December 16. 1879. to Lucy Anna Clise, 
daughter of John Dawson and Amanda Williams Clise, of De- 
ver. Col. 


Cliildi-en : Robert, born July 7. 1881 : Gilbert D. 
1894; Ray, born July 9, 1899. 

born March 25, 

Joseph R. Buchanan's father was a native of Virginia, of Scotch an- 
cestry ; his mother, a daughter of Judge William E. Holt, was born and 
reared in "Old Kentucky." A pompous southern Colonel once remarked to 
Buchanan : "The trouble, sir, with you New Jerseymen is that you have 
no pride of race and nativity." Buchanan rather upset the stiff-necked 
gentleman by his reply: "How do a Virginia father, a Kentucky mother 
and a Missouri birthplace strike you, Colonel?" 

Young Buchanan, when choosing a career, just naturally followed 
in the footsteps of his father and his father's father, although when the 
choice was made he was entirely free from parental restraint or iuflueuce. 
It was in the blood. His grandfather established at Hannibal one of the 
first newspapers published in Northeastern Missouri. It was on this paper 
that Samuel L. Clemens ("Mark Twain") received part of his early training 

in a field he afterwards adorned. 
Robei-t S. Buchanan, father of 
Joseph R., learned the printing 
business and received his editor- 
ial training in this same estab- 
lishment, by the side of the 
young man who was destined to 
become one of the world's most 
famous writers and humorists, 
Joseph R. Buchanan began 
his career as a newspaper man 
u) his early twenties, at Louis- 
iana. Pike coiuity. Mo., imder the 
tutelage of Captain J. C. Jami- 
son, proprietor and editor of the 
•'Riverside Press." Captain 
Jamison was one of the best 
known of the "old school" journ- 
alists of the south and west. 
Under this wise guidance Bu- 
chanan was enabled to add the 
journalistic touch to an educa- 
tion which had been obtained 
in private schools of Missouri and Illinois. 

After two years of service on the Riverside Press, when he was in his 
twenty-fifth year, he established, as its manager, the first daily newspaper 
ever published in Pike coimty. It was as editor of this paper that Champ 
Clark, later Speaker of the House of Representatives, first actively entered 
political life and made himself known outside the lines of the county. On 
account of a busuiess disagreement with the owners of the paper, Buchanan 
withdrew and began the publication of an opposition daily. In this enter- 
prise he was financially supported by men then and since prominent in the 
politics of the nation and upon the bench, among whom were Colonel 
David P. Dyer, United States Senator and later Justice of the United 

Buchanan 71 

States District Court, and Judge T. J. C. Fagg, for years a leading mem- 
ber of tlie Missouri bar and Judge of the State Supreme court. The paper 
suspended publication soon after the election of 1876 and Buchanan re- 
turned to the Riverside Press. In 1878 he was attracted by the great silver 
discoveries in Colorado and joined the throng that headed for that state 
and fortune. Instead, however, of grasping the pick and shovel to dig for 
wealth, Buchanan gave way to the "call of the blood," and again took up 
daily newspaper work. He was editor of the Denver Daily Democrat in 
1878 and 1879 and advertising manager of the Daily Republican, which 
succeeded the Democrat in the latter part of 1S79. During 1880 and 1881 
he was connected with newspapers in Leadville, Colorado, which was then 
a hustling mining town of 35,000. 

Returning to Denver in 1882, Buchanan, who had become greatly in- 
terested in the labor movement, established the "Denver Labor Enquirer," 
which during the six years of its existence was widely known and influen- 
tial among papers devoted exclusively to labor mterests m the country. In 
response to the urgent calls of the organized workingman of Chicago, Bu- 
chanan began the publication of a semi-weekly paper in that city, in 
March, 1887. This paper he called the "Chicago Enquirer." 

In addition to the service rendered by his two newspapers, Buchanan 
was an active and influential personal force in the labor movement durmg 
the years of its most important development. He traveled m almost every 
state in the Union and m Canada, lecturing, organizing and participating 
in the management of strikes and trade disputes of various kiuds. He 
was a member of the General Executive Board of the Knights of Labor 
in 1884 and 1885, at a time when that organization was the dominant ele- 
ment in the labor movement and was counted the strongest combination 
of workingmen in the world. In September, 1888, owmg to the dishearten- 
ing strife between.the many conflicting elements then existmg in the labor 
movement, Buchanan suspended both his Denver and Chicago papers and 
withdrew from active participation in the inner concerns of the move- 
ment. He continued, however, to write and lecture on labor topics and to 
sturdily defend labor unionism. He never entirely abandoned this work, 
even after his walks in life led him far afield. 

In October, 1888, Buchanan removed to New York City, accepting the 
editorship of the departments of economics and politics with the American 
Press Association, a position he held for over fifteen years. In 1904 he 
joined the editorial force of the "New York Evening Journal," a connec- 
tion sustamed for ten years. In November, 1914, he took charge of the 
educational and publicity bureau of the New York Department of Street 
Cleaning, and m October, 1915, was elected secretary -treasurer of the So- 
ciety for Street Cleaning and Refuse Disposal of the United States and 

Mr. Buchanan is author of "The Story of a Labor Agitator," an inti- 
mate autobiographical record of the American labor movement durmg its 
crucial period, published by the Outlook Company in 1904. He is also the 
author of numerous short stories and of papers on social, economic and 
political questions. 

72 Buchanan 

Although during recent years he has been identified with and has sup- 
ported the regular organization of the Democratic party, Joseph R. Buch- 
anan has all of his life been essentially an independent in politics. It 
has been said of him by his best friends that "he wouldn't stand hitched." 
His answer to this challenge has always been : "Parties and party organi- 
zjition are necessary under our form of government ; but I shall always 
follow the principles in which I believe, regardless of party or of how often 
I feel it necessary for me to change my allegiance to organizations or 

Before he cast his first vote for President, he had accepted the doc- 
trhies of Peter Cooper, Jesse Harper, James B. AVeaver and the leaders 
of that time who opposed the monopolies which controlled the currency, 
and the transportation and telegraph lines of the United States. He sup- 
ported the Greenback party and was active in the organization and the 
pi'opagation of the doctrines of the reform parties which succeeded it, 
such as the Union Labor party, the Anti-Monopoly party (first People's 
party), the United Labor party and the Poimlist party. He was associated 
with Ignatius Donnelly and other radicals in the organization of the latter 
party and wrote into its declarations the first organized national demand 
for the adoptit»n of the Initiative and Referendum in law-making in this 
country. This party in 1892 carried 22 electoral votes for its candidate for 
President, James B. Weaver, of Iowa, and in that year and 1894 elected 
sixteen Representatives m Congress, four United States Senators and eight 
Governors of States. The i)arty went into rapid decline after 1S93. when 
the Democratic party adopted most of its leading principles and nominated 
William Jennings Bryan for President. The Populists endorsed the can- 
didacy of Mr. Bryan and went down with him in his first defeat for the 
office of President. Mr. Buchanan was the New Jersey member of the 
National Committee of the Populist party and was its nominee for Con- 
gress in the Sixth New Jersey District in 1892 and 1891. He supported 
Mr. Bryan's candidacy in 1896 and 1900, campaigning continuously for two 
months prior to election day in the former year, in New Jersey and New 
York. He ceased to believe in Mr. Bryan after the Democratic convention, 
held m St. Louis in 1904. He was one of those who said, "Bryan took 
the final step in his desertion of Populist principles and broke the last tie 
that l)ound Populists to him at St. Louis." 

Mr. Buchanan took an active part in the Municipal Ownership and 
Independence party movements in New York, 1905 to 1908, inclusive. In 
1906 he organized and headed on its tour through New York State the 
famous "Flying Wedge," which stumped the State for William R. Hearst, 
candidate of the Democratic and Independence parties for Governor, in 
1906. He organized the states of New Jersey and Pennsylvania for the 
Independence Party in 1908 and was largely instrumental in the organi- 
zation of the party m Delaware, Colorado and New York. 

Never in full accord with the old management of the Democratic party 
in New Jersey, Mr. Buchanan welcomed the leadership of Woodrow Wilson 
m this State. In 1912 he supported Governor Wilson for the Presidency, 
in 1916 was a forceful advocate of his re-election and has since been a 

Buckley 73 

consistent, zealous and outspoKen champion of the l.^resident and his 

JAMES MONROE BUCKLEY— Morristown.— Clergyman of the 
Methodist-Episcopal Church, Editor, Author. Born at Rahway, 
on Dec. 16, 1836; son of John and Abby L. (Monroe) Buckley; 
married at Detroit, Michigan, August 2nd, 1864, Eliza Burns, died 
February 27th, 1866— 2nd at Detroit, Michigan, April 22nd, 1874, 
Mrs. Sarah Isabella (French) Staples, died November 29th, 1883— 
3rd at Dover, N. H., August 23rd, 1886, Adelaide S. Hill, died April 
23rd, 1910. 

Children : 2nd marriage — Monroe, born August 2, 1875, married 
to Ethel Cantlin; Sarah Isabella, born July 16, 1883, married to 
Ernest Edward Pignona. 

James Monroe Buckley was elected Editor of "The Christian Advo- 
cate", New York, in 1880, and successively re-elected every four years until 
he declined re-election in 1912. He was a Delegate to the General Con- 
ferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church from 1872 to 1912 ; and to the 

Ecumenical Conferences at Lon- 
don in 1881, Washington m 1891 
and Toronto in 1911. For many 
years he was a member of the 
Board of Foreign Missions of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
serving as Vice President for a 
large part of that time and for 
three years as its President. 

Dr. Buckley's father, a minis- 
ter of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church was a native of Eng- 
land. Dr. Buckley was educated 
at Pennington Seminary and 
Wesleyan University iu Middle- 
town, Conn ; but his health 
failed in his second year m the 
University, and he studied later 
under private instructors. He 
holds the Honorary degrees of 
A. M. and D. D. from Wesleyan, 
L. L. D. from Emory and Henry 
College, A"a., and L. H. D. from 
Syracuse University. 
Prior to his election as editor of "The Christian Advocate", Dr. Buck- 
ley held pastorates in New Hampshire from '59 to '63, in Detroit, Mich, 
from '63 to '66, and in Brooklyn, N. Y. and Stamford, Conn, from *66 to '80. 
Dr. Buckley was President of the Methodist Episcopal Hospital in 
Brooklyn from its foundation in 1882 to 1917 and is now President Emeri- 

74 Bumsted 

tus. He was President of the Board of Managers of the New Jersey State 
Village for Epileptics from its foimdation till he resigned in 1903. He was 
a member of the Board of Managers of the New Jersey State Hospital for 
Insane, at Morris Plams, for twenty years, its Vice President for six years 
and President for three years until he resigned four years ago. He was 
also a member of the Board of Managers of the New Jersey State Hospital 
for Insane at Trenton for five years. He is Vice President of the New York 
Society for the Prevention of Vice, honorary member of the Medico-Psycho- 
logical Society of America, and a member of the New England Society, 
(N. Y. ), the New Jersey Society Sons of American Revolution, the Society 
of Colonial Wars, the Methodist Historical Society and others. 

Dr. Buckley is the author of "Oats or Wild Oats"', "Faith Healing, 
Christian Science and Kindred Phenomena"', "Christians and the Theatre", 
'•The Midnight Sun, the Czar and the Nihilist", "Supposed Miracles", 
"Travels in three Continents — Europe, Asia and Africa". "History of 
Methodism in the United States", "Fundamentals of Religion and their 
Contrasts", "The Wrong and Peril of Woman Suffrage", "Theory and 
Practice of Foreign Missions", "Constitutional and Parliamentary History 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church." 

WILLI AiM GEORGE BUMSTED— Jersey City, (48 Glenwood 
Ave.) — Lawyer. Born m Jersey City, December 23, 1855; son of 
William H. and Mary (Arbuckle) Bumsted; married in 1885 to 
Minnie G. Gale, daughter of Diedrich and Julia Gale of New York 

William G. Bumsted, while a lawyer professionally, is more largely 
interested in real estate operations and in corporation directorates. Of 
English ancestry, his fore-bears have been people of importance in the 
Hudson section of the state for generations. His father, Wm. H. Bum- 
sted, was for many years an important factor in the republican politics of 
the comity. 

Mr. Bumsted received his early education m the public schools of 
Jersey City and in Hasbrouck Institute. Entering Phillips Academy in 
Andover, Mass., he graduated from there in 1875 with the intention of go- 
mg to Yale University. But the death of his father in 1874 had left the 
care of a large estate upon his mother's hands, and he abandoned a further 
collegiate career to assist her in looking after it. 

Mr. Bumsted read law in the office of William Brinkerhoff, afterwards 
State Senator from Hudson comity and was admitted to practice in 1879. 
Shortly afterwards he associated himself in busmess with Hamilton Wallis, 
a son of the President of the First National Bank of Jersey City, and with 
William D. Edwards afterwards State Senator from Hudson County, under 
the firm name of Wallis, Edwards & Bumsted. The firm devoted itself 
largely to a real estate office practice, and was dissolved upon the death 

Bunce 75 

of Mr. Wallis and the expression by Mr. Edwards of a desire to talce a 
larger part in litigated practice. 

The real estate patronage of the firm fell largely to Mr. Bumsted 
after the dissolution and he acquired special recognition for capacity as an 
advisor in that line of enterprise. 

Gradually Mr. Bumsted drifted mto the line himself and became largely 
interested in plans for the upbuild of the city. Incidental to his real estate 
operations he was brought uito such close relations with the financial in- 
stitutions of the locality that he eventually became a Director of many of 
them. His rule of acceptmg a directorship in the directorate of no com- 
pany to whose affairs he cannot give close personal attention is a healthy 
variation from the rule of the "know-nothing," "I didn't-do-it," " 'T wasn't- 
me," directors of some companies that have from time to time been charged 
with short comings. He is one of the charter members of the New Jersey 
Title Guarantee and Trust Company and one of its original Directors. He 
has large investments on the Hackensack water front, in the faith of even- 
tual dock improvements there ; and for sometime was a promoter of build- 
ing and loan associations. Upon the death of Frank H. Earle he succeeded 
to the Presidency of the Raritan Railroad Company which rmis through the 
rich clay districts of Middlesex County from Perth Amboy to New Brmis- 
wick, and is a part owner of that Company. 

Mr. Bumsted is a republican without political ambitions ; and a Direc- 
tor of Christ (Episcopal) Hospital, of the Colonial Life Insurance Com- 
pany, of the Provident Institution for Savings, of the Joseph Dixon 
Crucible Company and of the Pavonia Trust Company, all of Jersey City. 

JOHN OSCAR BUNCE— Glen Rock.— Architect ; Sculptor. Born 
in New York City, July 14th, 1867. 

John Oscar Bmice was identified with the restoration of Paterson after 
its awful visitation of fire in 1902, planning and supervising the erection of 
some public and private buildings. 

Mr. Bunce pursued his art studies in the National Academy of Design 
and the Art Students League and is now engaged in architectural work. 
Incidental to his architectural engagements he devoted some time to 

Mr. Bunce has an ofl3ce at 286 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

HENRY ANSON BUTTZ— Madison.— Theologian. Born m Mid- 
dle Smithfield, Pa., on April 18, 1835; married on April 11, 1860, 
to Emily Hoagland, of Townsbury, (N. J.) 

Henry A. Buttz is President Emeritus of Drew Theological Seminary 
at Madison, and has been for nearly a half century conspicuous in the 

70 Campbell 

larger fields of church work. He was a member for many years of the 
Foreign Missions Board of the Methodist Episcopal Church and Trustee of 
the Centenary Collegiate Institute at Hackettstown. He served as a dele- 
gate to all of the Methodist Episcopal General Conferences from 1884 to 
1912, inclusive, and represented the General Conference at the Methodist 
Episcopal Centennial Conference held in Wahington, D. C. in 1884, and 
was in that held in Toronto in 1912. He is also an author and editor. 

Dr. Buttz graduated from Princeton, class of 1858, wdth the A, B. degree. 
He studied afterwards in the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church 
at New Brunswick and also at New York University. He entered the 
ministry in 1S5S and was appohited pastor in that year of the Methodist 
Church in Millstone. He subsequently served at Irvington in '59, at Wood- 
bridge in '60 '61, Mariners Har- 
bor (S. I.), in '62 and '63 at 
Paterson, from '64 to '66 and at 
Morristown from '67 to '69. He 
held the position as instructor 
in Drew Theological Seminary 
in 1867 and 1868, and later was 
made Adjunct Professor in 
Greek and Hebrew. He became 
Professor of Greek and Exegesis 
in 1871. In 1880 he was elected 
President of the Seminary Fa- 
culty, and he filled that posi- 
tion until 1912 when he became 
President Emeritus. He is still 
Professor of New Testament Ex- 

Dr. Buttz received from 
Princeton the A. M. degree in 
1861 and the D. D. degree in 
1875; from Wesleyan the A. M. 
degree m 1863 and the D. D. 
degree in 1903; Dickuison College had conferred the L. L. D. degree in 

Dr. Buttz is a member of the American Philological Association and of 
the American Exegetical Association of the Committee on Versions of the 
American Bil)le Society and Trustee of the Methodist Episcopal Hospital 
and ttf I))-ew Tlieological Semuiary. Among his works is "Epistle to the 
Romans hi (ireek", with textual and grammatical references and he edited 
the "New Life Dawnmg" (by Dr. B. H. Nadal with Memoir) and "Students 
Commentary on the Psalms" (by Dr. .James Strong with Memoir). 

JOHN ALEXANDER CAMPBELL— Trenton. — Manufacturer, 
Banker. Born in Shushan, N. Y., Jan. 31, 1856; son of Peter 
Campbell and Mary J. (Mcintosh) Campbell; married at Shushan, 

Campbell 77 

N. Y., on Oct. :!(), 1,S7;), to Fjiniiio Cleveland, danyhtcr i.f William 
Clark and Minerva Lyons (Cleveland. 

Children: Mrs. Fannie Cleveland Aitkin, born Feb. 1(». ls,S4. 

John Alexander Campbell i.s one of the factors in the buiidinj,' up of 
the potteiy uidustries of Mercer County. His paternal },'ran(lfather was a 
native of Scotland. On his mother's side, he traces his ancestry l)ack to 
pre-Revolutionary times. His mother's gi-audfatlier served in the War for 
Independence. His father served in the Union army durinj,' the Civil 

The first seventeen years of Mr. Campbell's life were spent in Wash- 
ington, D. C. He studied at the Collegiate School in New York City and 
graduated from Prmceton University in 1877 with the degree of A. B later 
receiving the A. M. degree. He came to Trenton in ISSO as part owner of 
the International Pottery Company. In 1896 he was associated with the 
Trenton Potteries Company, the largest manufacturers of sanitary pottery 
hi the comitry and was elected President of the Company in lJ»t»8. ' He was 
a Director for several years of the Trenton Banking Company, in 1J»0() was 
made Vice President and in 1904 elected President. 

Mr. Campbell has mterested himself in the affairs of the state and of 
the locality. He is particularly absorbed in the tenement house problem 
and has been President of the State Board for Tenement House Super- 
vision since its organization. He is also President of the Commission 
charged with the elimination of toll bridges. He is also President of the 
School of Industrial Arts m Trenton and of the Trustees of the Trenton 
Free Public Library. 

:Mr. Campbell's club memberships are Prmceton Club, New York, the 
Nassau Club, Princeton and the Country Club of Trenton. 

PALMER CAMPBELI^HolK^ken. (1 Newark St.)-Storage and 
Real Estate. B(.rn at New Orleans, La., on Dec. 2r,th, 1806; .son 
of William Patrick and Caroline E. (Beers) Campbell; married 
at Plymouth, Pa., in 1882, to Jeannette Eno. 

Children : Eno, born in 1895. 

Palmer Campbell is General Manager of the Hoboken Land & Improve- 
ment Company, Vice President of the Hud.^on County Park Commission 
was President for seven years of the Hoboken Board of Health, became on' 
Gov. Edge's appomtment in June, 1917. member <.f the Hudson Kiver Bridge 
and Tunnel Commission, and has been closely identified with the business 
CIVIC and social life of Hudson County for several decades. The Hoboken 
Land & Improvement Company, which at one time owned uearlv all of Ho- 
boken, still has enormous property interest there. The Park Commission 
IS engaged in laying out parks throughout the count v. 

78 Carey 

At the September term of the Hudson Comity Courts iii 1911, when 
Supreme Court Justice Swayze found it necessary, because of a dereliction 
on the part of the Sheriff, to place the drawing of the grand jurors in 
other hands, Mr. Campbell was appointed by the Court as one of the 
Elisors entrusted with the discharge of the fmiction. He served six years 
in Troop I., N. G. N. J. and is a member of Essex Troop ^'eterans Associ- 

Mr. Campbell is deeply interested in the Citizens Federation of Hudson 
County and served for four years as President of the organization. The 
objects of the Federation are to examine into public affairs and the conduct 
of officials throughout the County ; to effect betterments in governmental 
conditions by co-operation with officials or otherwise ; to promote the selec- 
tion of properly qualified mdividuals for official places ; to pi'osecute official 
delinquents ; to secure equal taxation on the basis of true value ; to urge 
needed public improvements and to secure the legislation that will promote 
these aims. 

Mr. Campbell is of Scotch and English descent. His father's father 
was a Scotchman and his father's mother English. On the maternal side 
he is of New England stock with lines running back to the days of the Revo- 
lution. Before coming to Hoboken, Mr. Campbell lived for his first five 
years in New Orleans, the next two years in Bermuda, the next three years 
in Liverpool, England, and for the next two years in Edinburgh, Scot- 

Besides his connection with the Federation and with the Hoboken Land 
and Improvement Company, Mr. Campbell is President of the Campbell 
Stores, a Director of the First National Bank of Hoboken and of the Hobo- 
ken Trust Company, Vice President of the Hoboken Building and Loan 
Association and General Manager of the Hoboken Railroad AVare House and 
Steamship Connecting Company (Hoboken Shore R. R.). 

He is also a member of the Enguieers Club, New York, the Somerset 
Hills Country Club, the German Club of Hoboken, the Elks Club of Hobo- 
ken, the Masonic Club of Hoboken, the New Jersey State Chamber of 
Commerce, the Chamber of Commerce of the state of New York, the Mari- 
time Association of the state of New York and Vice President Lincoln 
Association of Jersey Citv. 

ROBERT CAREY — Jersey City, (75 Montgomery St.) — Lawyer. 
Born on Sept. 16th, 1872; sou of Thomas and Elizabeth (Dillaway) 
Carey; married in 1889 to Cora, daughter of William Gurney of 
Jersey City. 

Children : Robert, Anna. 

While Robert Carey was from 1908 to 1913 the Presiding Judge of the 
County Courts m Hudson, he is more widely known because of his activ- 
ities in promotmg the establishment of the system of Commission Rule in 

Carpender 79 

the mimicipalities of the state, and has been heard upon the platforms in 
every city iii \Yhich the new system of City Rule has been agitated. His 
participation in the Progressive movement in the Republican party is an- 
other feature of his career that 
has contributed to his promi- 

Judge Carey is a graduate of 
grammar school No. 20 and the 
High School in Jersey City, and 
took a course in law at the New 
York Law School while enrolled 
as a student in the offices of 
Hudspeth & Puster in Jersey 
City. Soon after his admission 
he became a member of the 
firm ; and the connection, after 
Mr. Puster's death, with Judge 
Hudspeth contmued till he was 
appointed to the Judgeship by 
Governor Fort. By Governor 
Fort's appomtment he has also 
served on the State Board of 
Taxation. Prior to that he 
served six years as Corporation 
Attorney of Jersey City. Judge 
Carey's father was a lawyer practicing in New York and Jersey Citv and 
some years ago a member of the New Jersey House of Assembly. 

Judge Carey is a member of numerous clubs, is identified with the 
several charity organizations in Hudson Comity and is a Trustee of the 
Home of the Homeless, Christ Hospital and The' State Home for Boys. He 
was the author of the New Jersey Juvenile Court Act under which the 
Courts of Essex and Hudson County are operating. 

CHARLES J. CARPENDER— New Brunswick, (George St.) — 
Manufacturer. Born at New York City in 18-47; son of Jacob 
Stout and Catharine (Neilson) Carpender; married at Richmond, 
Ya., on June 9th, 1875 to Alice B. Robinson, daughter of Edwin 
and Frances Brown Robinson, of Richmond, Ya, 

Children : One daughter and four sons. 

Charles J. Carpender is President of the Noi-folk and New Brunswick 
Hosiery Co., and till 1888 had devoted himself to the up-build of the busi- 
ness of Janeway & Carpender, whose wall paper manufacturing plant at 
New Brunswick is one of the noted industrial establishments of the State. 
Mr. Carpender is of English ancestry on his father's side, and on his 
mother's an admixture of Irish, Dutch and Spanish. He came with his 
parents to New Jersey when he was about five years old and was edu- 



cated in the school taught by Professor Gustavus Fischer at New Bruns- 

The wall-paper making establishment was originally the enterprise 
of the firm of Belcher & Nicholson. In January of 1870 Mr. Carpender 
purchased Mr. Belcher's business and continued the business with Mr. 
Nicholson mider the firm name of Nicholson & Carpender. In 1872, Col. 
Jacob J. Janeway took Mr. Nicholson's place m the firm, and the business 
was run under the name of Janeway & Carpender. Although in 1888 Mr. 
Carpender sold out his interest to Col. Janeway, the firm is still known 
by the former title. 

Mr. Carpender is President of the Middlesex General Hospital and a 
member of the Union Club at New Brmiswick, of the Society of the Sons 
of the Revolution, New York and of the St. Nicholas Society of New York. 

HARRIET FRANCES CARPENTER — Millington. — Educator 
and Author. Born at Lyons, Iowa, on Jvme 6th, 1875, daughter of 
Abraham and Mary Carpenter. 

Harriet Frances Carpenter, is of an old colonial Pennsylvania family ; 
and the eighth lineal grand daughter of Madam Feree, the French Hu- 
geonot colonizer of Lancaster county, from whom the late Admiral Schley 

claimed descent. Her ancestors 
were loyal patriots and Revolu- 
tionary heroes, dwellmg for sev- 
en generations in the big, stone 
mansion "Carpenter Hall"' on 
the lands deeded to them by 
William Penn. The place was 
sold when the grandfather 
moved west. Later Miss Car- 
penter's father owned large 
wheat ranges at Fargo and at 
Island Lake, North Dakota ; 
and, being a delicate child, she 
was taken there to romp over 
the prairies and to ride the 
bronchos brought, unbroken, 
• from Montana. It was here that 
the love for nature, that has 
colored her life, first developed. 
After careful tutoring, Miss 
Carpenter went to Chicago to 
finish her education and was 
graduated from the Chicago 
Kindergarten College, toward the end of the nmeteenth century, with the 
highest honors of her class. The same year she became Superintendent of 
the Cinchniati Free Kmdergarten Traming School and Supervisor of its 
thirty kindergartens. She was a charter member of the Cincinnati AVom- 

Carroll 81 

an's Club; and to members of the Educational Department gave her first 
course of lectures on Children's Literature and on the interpretation of 
music drama for which her several trips to Beyreuth had fitted her. 

After a few years, she resigned to seek rest and to continue the study 
of interpretive art, coming to New York for the purpose. But Newark was 
in need of an enthusiastic leader for the kindergartens then newly put into 
the public school system there, and she was persuaded to take charge of this 
work in the city normal school now the New Jersey State Normal School. 
The general courses in story telling which Miss Carpenter conducts there 
led to the publication of her two volumes, entitled "Mother Play In Story", 
and several children's dramas and other child literature so much in use 
in modern school life. 

Miss Carpenter is opposed to the idea of taxation without representa- 
tion, and on principle an advocate of Equal Suffrage. In 1912, to help the 
cause, she sued the state for the right to vote as a property holder. Her 
insistment was that the right once exercised by the women of New Jersey 
had been taken away illegally. The Supreme Court of the State did not 
agree with her. 

Miss Carpenter lives in her country home on the Long Hill Road, at 

HENRY KING CARROLL— North Plainfield.— Clergyman, Edi- 
tor, Author. Born in Dennisville, Cape May County, November 15, 
1S48; son of Harry K. and Charlotte (Johnson) Carroll; married 
at Brooklyn, N. Y., in 1872, to Annie, daughter of Henry and Mary 
Elizabeth Barnes. 

Children : Alice Jennings, Grace Johnson, Raymond Barnes, Car- 
roll and Winifred Charlotte Mason. 

Henry King Carroll, has always been proud of the fact that he is a 
Jerseyman by birth. His native village, about half way between Delaware 
Bay and the ocean, was active in that day in ship-building and in the 
shipping trade with Philadelphia. The period of his boyhood, (he was 
thirteen when the Civil War began) preceded the coming of the railroad 
south of Cumberland County, and he accompanied, as head of a military 
band, the first company of volunteers that went to the state camp at Bev- 
erly, in the early sixties. Stages conveyed the men to Bridgeton where 
they took a train for Camdeii and the camp. 

The country schools of the middle of the last century were quite 
primitive and covered only three or four months of the year ; but they were 
thorough in the fundamentals and observed an eight or nine hour day and 
six days a week. What the boy learned in the rickety old country building 
he never had to learn again. The teachers of that period were not great 
scholars ; but they were excellent drill-masters. All the early schooling that 
Dr. Carroll got was received in the old Ludlam School-house, which was so 
well ventilated that the boys could make snow-balls from the drifts on the 
floor. Later he became by adoption an alumnus of Syracuse University 
which conferred on him at the early age of thirty-seven, the highest degree 
in its gift, that of L.L. D. 



Gruff old Samuel Johnson said the best outlook for Scotland was the 
road to London. The ambitious jouth of Cape May County set their faces 
toward Philadelphia known simply as "the City" : but young Carroll went 
further and found himself in due time settled in the city of New York in 
journalistic work. He served in subordinate capacities on various news- 
papers, including the "The Hearth and Home", and occupied for some time 
a desk in the general oftice of the Associated Press as telegraphic editor of 
the dailies of the State of New York outside of the City. He was special 
telegraphic correspondent for years of the Boston "Traveler" hi its palmy 
days. Believing that his call in life was to journalism and seeking at the 
same time a more distinctively literary field than daily newspapers then 
offered, he became a member of the staff of "The Independent", of which the 
celebrated Henry C. Bowen was the alert and aggressive publisher. "The 
Independent" was then, 1876. in the height of its glory as a literary, religious 

. and political periodical. The 
brilliant but erratic Theodore 
Tilton who had carried it over 
to the radical camp in matters 
social, had stepped down and 
out, the connection of Henry 
Ward Beecher had been termin- 
ated and the echoes of the great 
scandal were growing faint. A 
corps of contributors, luiequaled 
in number, character and bril- 
liancy, had been secured and for 
more than twenty years the 
Cape May boy was in a center 
of literature of high character, 
where poems by Tennyson. Wil- 
liam Cullen Bryant, Oliver Wen- 
dell Holmes, John Greenleaf 
Whittier, Joaquui Miller, Sted- 
man, Stoddard and others came 
to the editorial sanctum with 
articles by the best prose writ- 
ers on all subjects. Later on 
the magazines absorbed most of these choice productions. The Cap May 
man was an active editor, developing the religious department especially 
and writing editorials weekly on all conceivable sulvlects. 

Appointed in 1890 by the Federal Government to take the census of 
the religious bodies, he brought to a successful conclusion the first complete 
work in this line by the Census Office, previous efforts having failed in 
completeness. He has kept up this work ever since on his own account 
and his annual statistics are universally accepted as authoritative. His 
book, publLshed by Scribners, entitled "The Religious Forces of the United 
States." was the first of a series of historical works, issued luider the 
auspices of "The Christian Literature Society." is still circulated in re- 
vised form, and used as a text-book hi theological seminaries. 

At the close of the Spanish-American war. President McKinley ap- 

('arrow 83 

pointed Dr. Carroll as his Special Commissioner to I'orto Rico to investi- 
gate and report on the political, social, economic, agricultural and other 
industries, schools, tinances, courts, system of government, etc., and to 
formulate a system for the government of the Island. The result was a 
report of 800 pages or more, of which the Government printed three edi- 
tions. Most of the recommendations concerning a system of civil govern- 
ment have been favorably acted upon by Congress. 

After completing this work, he was elected as one of the Corresponding 
Secretaries of the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
serving in this capacity eight years and making official visitation to several 
of the fields of the Society, mcluding South America and Mexico. He 
published a book during his occupanc.v of this office on "Missionary Growth 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church." 'He served as organizmg secretar.v of 
the American section of the World Missionary Congress, held at Edin- 
burgh. Scotland, in 1910, of which he was a member, and of the Ecumenical 
Methodist Conference of 1911, at Toronto, of which he was Chief Secretary. 
He was also Chief Editor of the volume of proceedings of the Conference, 
published in 1912. 

Since 1913 Dr. Carroll has been Associate Secretary of the Federal 
Council of the Churches of Christ in America, with an office in Washing- 
ton, D. C, where he represents the religious, moral and social interests of 
the thirty denommations which have officiall.v united in creating and sup- 
porting the Comicil. These Protestant bodies embrace 103,000 ministers, 
139,000 churches and seventeen and three quarter millions of communicants. 

Dr. Carroll's life has been an extremely busy one. He is an officer of 
his local church, a member of its boards and various committees, an or- 
dained mmister who has served as pastor of churches for limited i>eriods, 
a member of denominational boards, a delegate to the quadrennial General 
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church four times in succession. 
Secretary of the Ecumenical Methodist Commission, of the Asbury Memori- 
al Association, of the Religious Welfare League for the Army and Navy, 
of the Committee on Negro Churches and of various other organizations, 
and President of the Methodist Historical Society of New York. He was 
one of the editors of the Schaft-Herzog Biblical, Ecclesiastical and Theo- 
logical Encyclopedia, and is editor of the Federal Council Year Book, and 
author, in addition to the books already mentioned, of "The Francis Asl>ury 
Centenary Volume," and "The First Methodist Society in America" ; also a 
contributor to the "Encyclopedia Britannica" and other Cyclopedias. 

He has lived nearly all his married life in North Plainfield, where he 
has a comfortable home and family of wife and four children. 

He has always taken an mterest in civil affairs and was active in se- 
curing the incorporation of the borough of North Plamfield. He has been 
a delegate to State and Congressional Conventions and has always been 
interested in state and national politics. 

Dr. Carroll's association and organization memberships are with the 
American Geographic Society, the League to Enforce Peace, etc. 

HOWARD CARROW— Camden —.Jurist. Born in Kent Comi- 
ty, Del.. 1860: son of Edward and Margaret Carrow : married m 

84 Carvalho 

1SS6 to Emma, daughter of Captain Robert S. Bender of Camden, 
(died in 1909) ; 2'd, married in 1913 to Margaret A. Helm, of 

Cliildren : (first marriage) James Russel, Acting Prosecutor of 
Cape May County; Margaret Linda, (since deceased) ; and Helen. 

Howard Carrow's forebears were of Scotch-Irish and English ex- 
tractions. They were principally farmers and lived in Maryland and Dela- 
ware for several generations. Mr. Carrow's family came to Bridgeton right 
after the Civil War and resided there until 1873 when they moved to 
Camden. Mr. Carrow has ever since been a resident of Camden County. 

He was educated in public and private schools end by tutors. He 
was prepared for college, but circumstances prevented his going. He was 
made an attorney in 1882 and a counsellor m 1885. In 1891 he was ap- 
pointed Judge of the District Court of the city of Camden by Governor 
Leon Abbett, and served in that position for a term of five years. He 
was offered the Prosecutorship of Camden County by Governor George T. 
Werts in 1894 but business reasons prompted him to decline. 

In 1895 Judge Carrow was Permanent Chairman of the Democratic 
State Convention which nominated the late Chancellor Alexander T. 
McGill for Governor ; and in 1898 he was made a Member-at-Large of the 
Democratic State Committee, where he served imtil 1912. In 1894 he was 
a member of the commission appointed by Governor Werts to suggest 
amendments to the state constitution respecting the judiciary system. He 
was a Delegate-at-Large to the National Democratic Conventions of 1904 
and 1908, and also a member of the National Democratic Committee in 
1908, but declined re-election. 

In 1911 he was President of the New Jersey Bar Association. In 1912 
he retired from the bar and politics to accept an appointment from Gov- 
ernor AVilson as Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Camden County. 
He resigned that position in 1913 to become Circuit Court Judge. His 
circuit comprises all the Counties south of Trenton, excepting Camden. 
Before going on the bench, in 1912, he practiced law successfully in South 
Jersey but he now devotes his entire time to his judicial duties. 

SOLOMON SOLIS CARVALHO— Metuchen.— Newspaper Man- 
ager. Born in Baltimore, Md., in 1856; son of Solomon N. and 
Sarah (Soils) Carvalho; married in New York, May, 1895, to 
Helen Cusack. 

S. S. Carvalho is General Manager of all of William R. Hearst's news- 
paper publications the "New York American," the "Boston American," the 
"Los Angeles Examiner," the "San Francisco Examiner," and the "Chicago 
American." He graduated from the College of the City of New York with 
the A. B. degree in 1877 and became attached to the staff of the "New 
York Smi" in '78. He went from there to the "New York World" in 1887 
as its Business Manager, and in "96 became Mr. Hearst's General Manager. 

Case 85 

Mr. Carvalho is a connoisseur in Clainese wares and owns the most repre- 
sentative collection of Chinese blue and white porcelain in the United 

CLARENCE EDWARDS CASE— Somerville.— Lawyer. Born at 
Jersey City, on Sept. 24th, 1877; son of Philip and Amanda V. 
(Edwards) Case; married at Lexington, Ky,, on January 29th, 
1913, to Anna Gist Rogers, daughter of Jere and Henrietta Rogers, 
of Lexington, Ky. 

Children: Henrietta Rogers, born February 17, 1914; Clarence 
Edwards, Jr., born May 26, 1916. 

Clarence Edwards Case was Presiding Judge of the Somerset Comity 
Court of Common Pleas from 1910 to 1913. He resigned then to devote 
his attention to his private practice. 

Judge Case acquired his education at the Rogers & Magie Classical 
Scientific School in Paterson which he attended in '93 and '94; then till 
'96 at Rutger's Preparatory School, and, passmg into Rutger's College, 
graduated with the class of 1900. He took a course till 1902 in the New- 
York Law School and was admitted to the Bar as an attorney in Novem- 
ber, 1903 and as a counsellor in February, 1907. In 1910 Governor Fort 
appointed him County Judge of Somerset. 

Judge Case is a Mason, an Elk, and a member of the Knights of 
Pythias, Somerville Country Club, and of the Delta Upsilon and Phi Beta 
Kappa fraternities. - 

FRANK M. CHAPMAN— Englewood, (Linden Ave. ) —Ornitho- 
logist. Born in Englewood, June 12, 1864; sou of Lebbeus and 
Mary Augusta (Parkhurst) Chapman; married at New York on 
February 24, 1898, to Famiie Miller Embury, daughter of Alfred 
S. and Lucy W. Bates, of Scarsdale, N. Y. 

Children : Frank M., born March 19, 1900. 

Frank M. Chapman is the Curator of Ornithology of the American 
Museum of Natural History, and the author of a number of works on 
bird life and habits that are regarded as authoritative. He was a foimder 
and is still a Director of the National Association of Audubon Societies 
that have done so much for bird culture and for the protection of bird 
life in the United States. The Audubon Society of New Jersey has been 
more then once called upon, by the menace of hurtful legislation, to pre- 
vent the destruction of birds. 



Mr. Chapman's education was acquired at the Englewood Academy 
and at Brown University where he graduated with the Sc. D. degree in 
1913. He had already, in 1887, become the Curator at the Museum of 

Natural Histor.,v in New York. 
In 1917 he returned from an ex- 
tended professional trip through 
South America. He is editor 
and founder of "Bird Lore" and 
the author of "Handbook of 
Birds of Eastern North Ameri- 
ca" ; "Bird Life" ; "Bird Studies 
with a Camera" ; "Warblers of 
North America" ; "Color Key to 
North American Birds" ; "Value 
of Birds to the State" ; "Camps 
and Cruises of an Ornithologist" 
and "Travels of Birds." 

Mr. Chapman is a Fellow of 
the American Ornithologists 
Union (President, 1911 to '13) ; 
member of the Linnaean Socie- 
ty (President, 1897) ; Honorary 
member of the New York Zoo- 
logical Society ; Vice-President 
of the Explorer's Club ; a mem- 
ber of the British Ornitholog- 
ists Union, e'lC. ; ..iid is connected with the Englewood Country Club, Cen- 
tury Association, Society of Colonial Wars and the Cosmos Club of Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

SAMUEL SHANNON CHILDS— Bernardsville.— Restaurateur. 
Born in Baskmg Kidge, April 4, 1863; son of William and Eliza- 
beth (Kline) Childs; married at Basking Ridge, Jan, 30th, 1890; 
to Emma Frances Alward, daughter of Waters and Mary Fran- 
ces (Burrows) Alward, of Basking Ridge. 

Children: Mary E., born Feb. 12, 1896; Lois A., born Jan. 
26, 1900. 

Samuel S. Childs is President of the Childs Company, which operates 
restaurants in a hundred places in many of the leading cities in this 
coimtry and Canada. Mr. Childs had for two years been engaged as a 
civil engmeer m bridge and railroad work when, m 1890, he embarked with 
his brother, William Childs, Jr., in the restaurant business. The idea of 
establishmg a chain of restaurants led to a growth in the enterprise that 



made the incorporation of a company to conduct them advisable. When 
it was organized, Samuel 8. Childs became its President and William 

Childs, Jr., was made the Vice 

Senator Childs has always 
lived in the Bernardsville sec- 
tion of the State. He was edu- 
cated at the Franklin Institute 
in Bernards Townsliip and at 
tlie Morristown Higli Scliool. 
He took a course sul)sequently 
at tlie New Jersey State Model 
School in Trenton. Later he was 
appointed by Congressman 
Howey as a cadet in the United 
States Military Academy at 
West Point, but he remained 
- there for only a year. 

Mr. Childs has been deeplj*" 
interested in educational topics.- 
He became a member of the' 
Board of Education of Bernards; 
Township and from 1900 to 
1903 served as its President. In 
1901 the democrats of Somerset 
county made him their candidate for a seat in the New Jersey State 
Senate. The County was at that time normally Republican ; but Senator 
Childs carried it and served at the session beginning with 1902 and ending 
with 1905. 

JOHN CLAFLIN—Morristown— Merchant (retired). Born in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., on July 24, 1850 ; son of Horace B. and Agnes 
(Sanger) Claflin ; married at Monterey, Cal., on June 27th, 1880 
to Elizabeth Stewart Duini. 

John Claflin was, till the time of his retirement from business in 1914, 
the head of the Claflin dry goods establishment in New York. His father 
who stood at the head of the mercantile men of the comitry had founded 
the Claflin Company. John Claflin was educated at the College of the 
City of New York, graduating from there in 1869. He afterwards traveled 
m Europe and the East, and in 1887 crossed the South American continent 
from the Pacific coast at 10 degrees South latitude to the Atlantic coast at 
the Equator. Upon his return he entered his father's estal)lishment and 
became a member of the firm in January, 187.3. In 189!> the l>usiness was. 

88 Codding 

organized imder the title of The H. B. Claflin Co., and in 1909 re-organized 
as the United Dry Goods Companies. 

CHARLES N. CODDING— Elizabeth.— Lawyer. Born in Col- 
lingsville, Conn., December, 1861. 

Charles N. Codding was, under several of the chiefs for many years, 
the executive official m the office of the Clerk of the New Jersey Court of 
Chancery; and during all that time exerted a quiet but very forceful in- 
fluence in the republican politics in the state. Mr. Codding was educated 
at Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., and at the Williston Seminary in 
East Hampton, Mass. Entering Yale, he graduated with the class of 1886, 
and subsequently took a course in law at the Columbia Law School in 
New York. He graduated from there in 1888 with the degree of Bachelor 
of Laws. Opening an office in Westfield he began the practice and sub- 
sequently opened a law office in New York, where he did business under 
the firm name of Green, Codding & Van Winkle. 

Mr. Coddmg's political activities have been rather as an advisor than 
in the more showy places. The only elective office he has ever held was 
that of member of the New Jersey House of Assembly during the two terms 
of 1894 and 1895. 

EVERETT COLBY— West Orange.— Lawyer. Born in Mil- 
waukee, Wis., on September 10, 1874; son of Charles L. and 
Anna Sims Colby ; married at Plaiufield, on June 30th, 1903, to 
Edith Hyde, daughter of Charles and Elizabeth Hyde. 

Children: Elizabeth (died) ; Edith; Anne, Everett, Jr.; Charles 

Everett Colby came into public view when in 1905 he achieved a nom- 
ination for member of the State Senate from Essex County over the 
violent opposition of Major Carl Lentz, chairman of the Republican Comity 
Committee, and of the powerful organization at Major Lentz"s command. 
Major Lentz had been regarded all over the state as one of the most auto- 
cratic leaders in all of the state's history ; and Mr. Colby's capture of the 
state senatorial nomination, after Major Lentz had said he could not 
have it, attracted attention all over the East. The Anti-Boss movement 
which exerted so marked an influence upon the later political history of the 
coimtry had its birth m this struggle between Colby and Lentz. 

Mr. Colby had been a member for three years of the New Jersey 
House of Assembly, with Major Lentz's countenance, when he sought pro- 
motion to the State Senate. When the Covmty Chairman set his face 
against Mr. Colby's nomination, the Assemblyman met him at the prim- 
aries with a full opposition ticket; and not only Mr. Colby but every man 
on his ticket was put in nomination and afterwards elected. One of the 
local results was the appearance in Trenton of a Republican legislative 

Colby 89 
delegation in both Senate and House, defying the regnant republican pow- 
ers of the state as well as of the county. The movement started out as the 
"New Idea" party; but later, when the "Progressives" came into prom- 
inence, became known as the Progressive Party of the State. Mr. Colby 
has been consistently in sympathy with that whig of the republican party 
ever since, and was a warm advocate of Colonel Roosevelt's nomination in 
the campaign of 1912 in which President Taft sought re-election. His work 
as a Progressive has helped to tincture the republican party of the United 
States with the spirit of the Progressive movement. 

In the State Senate, apart from promotmg legislation aimed at the 
power of the dommatmg local political chiefs throughout the state, Mr. 

Colby's energies were largely 
directed toward the enactment 
of laws limiting the term of 
franchises granted by the au- 
thorities to the public utility 
companies. They had been se- 
suring, almost for the asking, 
street and other public right of 
way ui perpetuity ; and as the 
result of the movement in which 
Mr. Colby was most conspicuous, 
laws were enacted, not only in 
New Jersey but in other states, 
forbidding grants that were to 
run in excess of fifty years. 

Mr. Colby brought mto the 
politics of the state a name that 
was not unfamiliar here. His 
uncle, Gardner R. Colby, had, 
in a previous campaign, made 
a very imposing, though it 
proved to be an unsuccessful, 
canvas for the republican nom- 
ination for the governorship; and it was the political opportunity that 
Gardner R. Colby's candidacy seemed to open that attracted Everett Colby 
into the New Jersey field. Mr. Colby's activities after he came into the 
state were strenuous. He became chairman of the West Orange Republi- 
can Township Committee, a member of the State Board of Education and 
President of the State League of Republican Clubs. He was also a member 
of Governor Murphy's personal official staff. He was the Progressive can- 
didate for Governor m 1913 and one of the six Progressives appointed to 
the National Republican Committee to manage the presidential campaign 
of 1916. 

Mr. Colby came to New York when a boy, attended Brownings School 
and graduated from Brown University in 1897. After he had made a tour 
around the world, he entered the New York Law School, graduating from 
there m 1899. He was admitted to the bar of New Jersey and opened a 
law office there in association with Frank Sommer and Borden D. Whiting, 
under the firm name of Sommer, Colby & Whiting. He had meanwhile in 

90 Colby 

190-4 been connected with the baukmg firms of Herrick, Hicks & Colby, and 
the law firm of Hatch, Debevoise & Colby. 

GARDNER COLBY— East Orange.— Civil Service Oflicer. Born 
at Orange, September 12, 1864; son of Gardner and Martha L. 
(Hutchings) Colby; married on March 21, 1888 to Fannie Hazard 
Curtis, of Orange. 

Gardner Colby is Secretary and Chief Examiner of the New Jersey 
State Civil Service Board. His father came into prominence m 1886 when 
he made a campaign for the republican nommation for' Governor, but was 
defeated by Benjamm F. Howey, who was afterwards defeated at the 
polls by Robert S. Green, the democratic candidate. Mr. Colby was edu- 
cated at Brown University and graduated, class of 1887, with the A. B. 
degree, the A. M. degree being conferred upon him hi 1890. While in 
college he was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society and the Alpha 
Delta Phi Fraternity. After graduation he engaged in the dry goods com- 
mission business with his father, and, upon his father's death, became 
associated with his uncle, Charles L. Colby in extensive railroad, manu- 
facturing and real estate enterprises m the West. He was President of the 
Everett Pulp & Paper Company and Treasurer of the Everett Land Com- 
pany from 1883 to 1901 and Treasurer of the Kinsman Block Signal Com- 
pany from 1901 to 190.3. In May, 1898, the office of Secretary and Chief 
Examiner was given to him by the Civil Service Commission and he 
severed his business connections m New York. 

CLARENCE L. COLE— Atlantic City.— Lawyer. Born m Alex- 
andria, Va., on Dec. 17th, 1863 ; son of James R. and Melissa Cole ; 
married hi Jan., 1885, to Lizzie Couover of Atlantic City. 

Children : Myra Ella, Clarence L. Jr., Maurice Y. 

In the movement, intensively pursued immediately after Woodrow 
Wilson's inauguration as Governor, for the eradication of the corruption 
with which Atlantic City and comity officialism had been impregnated for 
more than a (piarter century, one of the purifying forces was exerted by 
Clarence L. Cole. It was because of his sympathy with the Progressive 
spirit of Governor AVilson's administrative policies that the Governor in 
February, 1911, selected him as Judge of the Circuit Court. He took the 
position on the Bench that had been filled by Judge Allen B. Endicott. 

Judge Cole found his first employment as a messenger boy hi Alex- 
andria. Va., for the Atlantic Pacific Telegraph Company, but soon after- 
wards he went with the Western Union. He clerked subsequently in gen- 
eral merchandise stores and became later an apprentice to the moulding 
trade in the shops of the Virginia Midland R. R. Co. at Alexandria. Re- 
turning to the telegraph service at Baltimore he later was an operator at 
the Brighton Hotel in Atlantic City, and subsequently became manager of 
the main telegraph office there. 

Coles 91 

Meanwhile he had fixed his mind upon the practice of the law for a 
calling and he enrolled himself as a student in the law office of Judge 
Joseph Thompson. Soon after his admission to the Bar, in 1890. he was 
made Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas of the county mider his preceptor, 
who then held the office of Prosecutor ; and upon the expirati(»n of their 
terms he and Judge Thompson entered into a co-partnership under the 
firm name of Thompson & Cole. That business relation continued until 
Mr. Cole was appointed to the Circuit Court Bench in February, 1911, 
which office he held until April, 1914, when he resigned to Itecame County 
Judge. The latter office he held until November, 1915, when he resigned 
and resumed the practice of law. 

Judge Cole is a member of the State Bar Association, and the Atlantic 
County Bar Association. He is an F. & A. M. of, Trmity Lodge No. 79. 

Scotch Plams. — Physician, Surgeon. Born at Newark, May 6, 1843 ; 
son of Abraham and Caroline (Ackerman) Coles. 

Abraham Coles, M. D., Ph. D., L. L. D., the father of Dr. Jonathan 
Ackerman Coles, was a distinguished scholar and poet as well as physician 
and surgeon. He was the author of several works, among them, trans- 
lations of the famous Latin Hymn "Dies Irae", "The Microcosm", a phys- 
iological poem, and "The Life and Teachings of Our Lord In Verse" which 
John Bright, the noted English statesman and orator, and others warmly 
commended. He was the author besides of a number of articles on scien- 
tific subjects, and his national lyrics and hymns are widely known. 

Jonathan Ackerman Coles graduated from Columbia College in New York 
in 1864 and from the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York in 
1868. He had in 1867 received the Harzen prize for the best written re- 
port of clinical mstruction in the medical and surgical wards of the New 
York Hospital. After graduation he attended lectures m the English and 
continental universities and hospitals. Dr. Coles settled down for practice 
with his father in Newark and became one of the most widely known 
physicians in the state. On June 10, 1903, he received from Hope College, 
Holland, Michigan, the honorary degree L. L. D. 

He is largely known through his gifts of choice bronzes and statuary 
and paintings. The bronze Indian group in Lincoln Park, Newark ; the 
heroic size bronze portrait bust of his father by Jt)hn Q. A. Ward, in Wash- 
ington Park, Newark ; the paintuig of the Good Samaritan, by Daniel 
Huntington, in the State House at Trenton ; the bronze tablet on the Taber- 
nacle church at Salem, Mass., commemorathig the ordination in 1812 of 
the first American Missionaries to Asia — are his givings. The gift of his 
father's shares of stock in the Newark Library Association brought the 
New Jersey Historical Society into possession of the building it now occu- 
pies on Park Street, Newark. He has also given works of art to the Metro- 
politan Museum in New York, to the New Congressional Library at Wash- 
ington, to Independence Hall at Philadelphia, a country home at Mountain- 
side, for orphans, and built schools, domitories, faculty buildings and 

92 Colgate 

chapels for colleges in the Far East. He possesses a choice collection of 
books, works of art, and paintings by Corot, West, Turner and others. 

The country residence of Dr. Coles and his sister, Miss Emilie S. Coles, 
is at Scotch Plains, and their city home is in New York City. They still 
maintam the home in Newark in which they were born. 

Dr. Coles is a member of the American Medical Association, the New 
York and New Jersey State and County Medical Societies, the New York 
Historical Society, the National Geographical Society, the Washington 
Association at Morristown, the Anglo-Saxon Society of London and Copen- 
hagen ; an honorary member of the Newark Museum of Art ; a life member, 
trustee and patron of the New Jersey Historical Society, and a Fellow of 
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and of The American Geog- 
raphical Society of New York. 

AUSTEN COLGATE— Orange, (363 Centre St.)— Manufacturer. 
Born in Orange, on August 12, 1863, the son of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Morse) Colgate. 

Austen Colgate's ancestors came to this comitry during the Colonial 
period, the founder of the American branch being William Colgate, who in 
3 806 established the now famous house of Colgate & Co., the largest manu- 
facturers of soaps and perfumes in this country. The founder of this great 

business was the grandfather of 
Austen Colgate, and the busi- 
ness has descended through the 
father to the five grandsons who 
now compose the company. 

Colonel Colgate received his 
education at the Orange High 
School, Orange, the Norwich 
Academy, Norwich, (Conn.), and 
Yale University, from which he 
graduated with the degree of 
A. B. in 1886. Upon leaving col- 
lege, he entered the house of 
Colgate & Co. thoroughly fa- 
miliarized himself with all the 
details of the manufacturing 
end of the business, and in 1896 
was admitted to partnership, be- 
coming Vice President of the 
company upon its incorporation 
and still retaining that position. 
During his entire career Col- 
onel Colgate evinced a keen interest in the politics of his State, and in 
1905 associated himself with the Progressive wing of the Republican party. 
The next year he accepted the nomination for the Assembly and was elected 
to represent Essex County in that body. He was re-elected to the Assembly 

Colie as 

in 1908 and 1909, and in 1911 was elected to the State Senate. The Colonel 
was re-elected to the Senate in 1914, resigning his seat two years later to be- 
come a candidate at the 1916 primary for the Republican gubernatorial 
nomination in which he was defeated by a very close margin. He was 
elected to represent New Jersey in the Presidential Electoral College in 

During his service in the Legislature, Colonel Colgate introduced meas- 
ures exempting public playgrounds from accident claims ; making it unlaw- 
ful for any judge to commit a child of sixteen years or under to the county 
jail ; requiring the licensmg of dance halls ; creating a commission to study 
mental defectives ; creating a minimum wage commission ; creating women 
police officers ; providing for the better keeping of vital statistics ; investi- 
gating the causes of blindness ; providing for nurses in each county to care 
for tubercular patients ; revising the Child Welfare laws ; providing for the 
establishment of colonies for the care of feeble-minded men ; creating a 
workmen's compensation fund ; increasing compensation under the liability 
law ; removing disputes in the settlement of labor compensation troubles ; 
extending workmen's compensation to occupational diseases ; protection of 
civil service ; protection of fish and game ; regulating speed of automobiles 
and providing punishment for intoxicated drivers, and many other pro- 
gressive and humanitarian measures. He also promoted legislation for re- 
form in the jury system ; the creation of mosquito commissions, the limited 
franchise law, the direct primary law, child labor reform, the creation of 
the Civil Service Commission and the Public Utility Commission, the 
widows' pension act, and a long line of other measures, since become laws. 

In addition to his law-making duties m the Legislature, Colonel Col- 
gate has found time to render military service to his State in its National 
Guard. In 1908, Governor Fort appointed him personal aide and Chief of 
Staff, which office he held for three years, when he was tendered and ac- 
cepted the positioil of Deputy Adjutant-General of the State, ranking as 
Colonel. Upon the death of Adjutant-General Wilbur F. Sadler, Jr., in 
1916, Colonel Colgate was offered the position of Adjutant-General, but de- 
clined. In 1917, finding it impossible to longer give to the work of the 
Guard the time i-equired, he asked to be placed on the Unassigned List of 
New Jersey Officers, and is now subject to call by the President or Gover- 
nor whenever his services are needed. 

Colonel Colgate is a member of the Board of Trustees of Colgate Uni- 
versity, Hamilton, N. Y., and is a member of the Board of Corporators of 
Peddle Institute, at Hightstown. He is ex-president of the Essex County 
Cotmtry Club, a member of the Baltusrol Golf Club, the Rumson Country 
Club, the University Club of New York, the Yale Club of New York, and 
a charter member of Squadron "A" of New York City. He is a 32nd 
degree Mason and a member of other fraternal and social organizations. 

EDWARD MARTIN COLIE— East Orange, (109 Prospect St.) 
Lawyer. Born at Milburn, October 27, 1852 ; son of Daniel F. and 
Elizabeth S. (Dayton) Colie; married on September 4, 1878, to 

94 Collins 

Caroline Matilda Rimyon, daughter of Simeon Mtmdy Runyon and 
Eliza E. Rmiyon, of East Orange. 

Children : Edward M. Jr., Dayton, Riuiyon, Margaret and 
Frederic R. 

On his father's side Edward M. Colie is a descendant of Henri Colie, 
a Huguenot emigrant from Paris at the time of the revocation of the Edict 
of Nantes. He graduated from the College of the City of New York in 
1S73 with the degree of A. B. and has been president of its alumni for 
two terms. 

He read law in the office of Stone & Jackson, in Newark, was admitted 
to practice as an attorney in 1S76 and as a counselor in 1879. He prac- 
ticed alone for a time, and in 1888 became the senior member of the law 
firm of Colie & Titsworth, ui association with Charles G. Titsworth, suc- 
ceedhig to the business of the old firm of C. S. & C. G. Titsworth. which 
had been dissolved by the death of former Judge Caleb S. Titsworth. Up- 
on the retirement of Mr. Charles G. Titsworth from the firm of Colie & 
Titsworth in 1892, the firm of Colie & Swayze was formed, and continued 
until its dissolution in 1900, upon the apiwintment of Francis J. Swayze 
(now Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court) as a Circuit Judge. In 
the same year the firm of Colie & Duffield was formed and continued imtil 
the appointment of Mr. Edward D. Duffield as Assistant Attorney-General. 
Thereafter, Mr. Colie continued the practice of law alone until the forma- 
tion recently of the partnership with his son, constituting the firm of Ed- 
ward M. & Rvuiyon Colie. 

Mr. Colie is a member of the American Bar Association, Essex Comity 
Bar Association, of which he has been President ; of the State Bar Associa- 
titm, of which he became President in 1917 ; of the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science, of the Essex Club' of Newark, Essex Coun- 
ty Country Club, and the Alpha Delta Phi Club of New York. He is a 
member of the Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity and the Plii Beta Kappa. In 
1904 he was a delegate to the Universal Congress of Lawyers and Jurists. 

He has been a frequent contributor to various standard periodicals 
anrl is the author of "John Ruskin as an Ethical Teacher" and an "Intro- 
duction to Maeterlinck's Buried Temple." 

DENNIS FRANCIS COLLINS— Elizabeth, (365 S. Broad St.) — 
Commercial Pursuits. Born in Cloyne, County Cork. Ireland, 
May 3, 1S6S ; son of Dennis F. and Helen (Kirk) Collins; married 
February 10, 1890, to Elizabeth Keimig (who died on the birth of 
her daughter, Elizabeth, now Mrs. Clarence Martin) — 2nd, at Eliz- 
abetli on September 15, 1896, to Louise J. Breidt, daughter of 
Peter and Louise Breidt. of Elizabeth. 

Children : second marriage, Louise Helen, Peter B.. Anna Marie, 
Dennis Francis, Jr., Kathleen. 

Dennis F. Collins is Major General of the National Guard of the State 
of New Jersey and has been active in the military and political life of tlie 



state for many years. He has been for a long time a member of the 
Democratic State Committee — for ten years its treasurer. General Col- 
lins was prominent in the movement that, just before the opening of the 
national campaign of 1912. deposed James R. Nugent from the Chairman- 
ship of the State Committee. He was an ardent supporter of Governor 
Wilson's candidacy for President, and played an active part in the cam- 
paign which resulted in his election. It was upon Governor Wilson's ap- 
pointment that he became Major General of the State Militia ; and the 
Governor also appointed him a member of the New Jersey Commission to 
the Panama Pacific Internationa] Exposition held in San Francisco in 1915. 
In Union comit.v politics and business, he has been one of the determining 
factors and is now City Comptroller of Elizabeth. 

General Collins came to the United States at an early age with his 
parents and was educated at St. Patricks Parochial School in Elizabeth. 
His first experience in the business world was m 1882 as an office boy in 

the Elizabeth Cordage Works. 
He clerked afterwards m a re- 
tail grocery store and was later 
still a shipping clerk in New 
York for Townsend & Bare- 
more and a bookkeeper in Eliz- 
abeth for J. S. Keimig & Co. 
In 1896 he became collector for 
the Peter Breidt City Brewery 
Company of Elizabeth. He was 
soon Vice President of the com- 
pany and upon the retirement 
of Mr. Breidt m 19(»-1 succeeded 
to its Presidency. 

General Collins began his po- 
litical career early as a member 
of the Common Council of Eliz- 
abeth. He served there for 
fourteen years — for a large part 
of the time as its President. In 
1908 and again in 1914 he was 
the party nominee tor Mayt>r, but the political trend both years was so 
strongly in favor of the opposite party that he was unsuccessful. His ap- 
pointment as Comptroller of Elizabeth came in 1916. 

General Collins enlisted as a private at the age of twenty in Company 
I). 4th Infantry in May, 1888. He was made First Lieutenant of Company 
E. in 1894 and Captain later in the same year. In 1899 he became Major 
of the 2nd. Infantry. Lieutenant Colonel in 1900 and Colonel in 1902. In 
1897 he was appointed Brigadier General 2nd Brigade and his appomtment 
as Major General came m 1913. During the Spanish War he was Captain 
of Company E. ord Regiment New Jersey National Guard Volunteer In- 
fantry, serving until the protocol of Peace was signed, when he resigned and 
returned home to business. 

General Collins is a member of New Jersey Commandery of the Society 
of Foreign Wars, a member of the Spanish-American War Veterans, of the 

96 Collins 

Naval and Military Order of the Spanish-American War, of the American- 
Irish Historical Society, of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, of 
the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, of the Knights of Columbus, of the Board 
of Trade, the Loyal Order of Moose, Fraternal Order of Eagles, and of 
almost every other fraternal and social organization of the city of Eliz- 

GILBERT COLLINS— Jersey City, (312 York St. )— .Jurist. 
Born Stontngton Borough, Conn., Aug. 25, 1846 ; son of Daniel 
Prentice and Sarah R. Collms ; married at Jersey City, 1S70 ; to 
Harriet Kingsbury Bush, of Jersey City, daughter of Jolui O. 
Bush. (Mrs. Collins died May 15, 1917). 

Children : Walter (died Nov. 11, 1900, age 28 years, a lawyer 
practicing in Jersey City) ; Blanche and Marjorie, still living (un- 
married), and three who died in infancy. 

The ancestors of the Collins family went from England to Massachu- 
setts, thence to Connecticut before 1710. In that year the great-great- 
grandfather of Gilbert Collins was born in New London and afterwards 
moved to the town of Stonington. His son, Daniel Collius, was a Revo- 
lutionary soldier, being a First Lieutenant in the First Regiment of the 
Connecticut Line. His son, Gilbert Collins, was prominent in town af- 
fairs, being frequently a member of the Legislature. These were all farm- 
ers ; but Daniel Prentice Collins, son of the last named, became a manu- 
facturer and had an extensive business in the borough of Stonington. He 
was the father of the subject of this sketch. He had also business in- 
terests in Jersey City. 

His death in 1862, leaving but a slender estate, led the son to give up 
a course at Yale College, where he had matriculated. The family moved 
to Jersey City in 1868. Mr. Collins read law with Jonathan Dixon, then 
a rising lawyer in Jersey City, and afterwards, till he died in 1906, a 
Justice of the Supreme Court of the state. Though Mr. Dixon was active 
in Republican politics, his first appointment to the Bench was given to 
him by Governor Bedle, a democrat, and he was re-appointed by two suc- 
ceeding democratic Governors, Ludlow and Abbett ; two republican Gover- 
nors, Griggs and Murphy re-appointed him later. 

The partnership between Mr. Dixon and Mr. Collins was dissolved by 
Mr. Dixon's appointment to the Bench ; and Mr. Collins formed a partner- 
ship with Chas. L. Corbin, and later with Mr. Corbin's brother, William H., 
under the firm name of Colluis & Corbin. Mr. Chas. L. Corbin had a high 
reputation among the lawyers, and his brother, William H., became one 
of the leading public men of the state. The partnership was interrupted 
by Mr. Collins' appointment to the Bench, but was re-established after 
his resignation there from and was continued till death removed first 
Charles L. and then William H. The firm continues in the same name 
with several junior partners, one of them beuig a son of William H. Cor- 
bin. It has long been recognized as one of the busiest law firms in New 

Collins 97 

In 1892, Mr. Collins was a delegate to the National lieimbliean Conven- 
tion that re-nominated President Harrison in 1S92 ; in 1912 was a candi- 
date on the Republican ticket for Presidential Elector-at-Large, and has 
frequently led forlorn hopes for his party in the democratic county of 
Hudson as its candidate for Senator and Congressman, but was not elected 
to either ofiice. He has declined to permit his name to go before some 
State Conventions as a candidate for Governor. In 1884 he was nominated 
on the Republican and Citizens Association's tickets for Mayor of Jersey 
City. The city had seldom elected a repuldican Mayor ; but Mr. Collins 
carried the city by a pronomiced majority and conducted a very satis- 
factory administration of city affairs. While Mayor, he re-asserted the 
city's right to the South Cove basin, a gift from the state, that, invaded 
by the American Dock & Improvement Co., was supposed to have been lost 
by non-acceptance ; and participated, as counsel, subsequently in the liti- 
gation betweeen the city and the American Dock and Improvement Co. 
that eventuated in the establishment of the city's claim. 

The Mayor, m his professional capacity, acted also as special counsel 
for various municipalities in the litigations between them and the rail- 
roads that ensued the passage of the Railroad Tax Act of 188-4. Mr. Col- 
lins had previously been engaged ui many important cases that grew out 
of the confusion as to the interpretation of the Constitutional amendments 
of 1875. Another important legal controversy in which he took part was 
one that extended over half a century of time, concerning the zinc mines 
of Sussex County ; and in the suit brought b.v the Republican State Sena- 
tors, elected in the Fall of 1893, to estal»lish their right to seats in the 
Senate of 1894, when the Democratic "hold-overs" of the "Rump Senate" 
barred the doors of the Chamber against them. Mr. Collms appeared as 
counsel for some in the contest that resulted in an opinion seating Senator 
Rogers of Camden, in the presiding officer's chair. 

In 1897 Gov. Griggs nominated Mr. Collins to the State Senate for 
Justice of the Supreme Court of New Jersey, and the confirmation came 
as a matter of course. "When serving on the bench he was an associate 
with his former partner, Justice Dixon, and the old firm of Dixon & Col- 
lins seemed to have been re-formed on the Supreme Court Bench. Justice 
Collins in 1903, a year before the expiration of his term, resigned his 
seat on the Bench, and resumed his law partnership with the brothers 

While he was upon the bench Justice Collins received the degree of 
L. L. D. from Rutgers College. Among his important decisions were one 
establishing that an unconstitutional act of the legislature w^as not ipso 
facto void but might be amended so as to make it constitutional. Another 
sustamed classification of mmiicipalities b.v their form of incorporations ; 
and in another his ruling that suicide does not vitiate a life insurance 
policy unless it be specifically stipulated or intent to commit suicide is 

Justice Collins is a member of the Union League and Carteret Clubs 
of Hudson County ; New Jersey Society of the Revolution, of which Society 
he w'as for several years one of the Managers, and Lodge of the Temple No. 
110, F. & A. M. He is also a Director of the Hudson Comity National 
Bank, New Jersey Title Guarantee & Trust Co., Prudential Insurance Co. 



of America, and the Chapultapec Land Improvement Co., having property 
in the city of Mexico. 

Orange. — Woman Suffragist. Born in Sterling, Mass. ; daughter 
of Charles H. and Georgianna Porter (Pratt) Loring ; married at 
Sterling, Mass., March 3, 1890, to Fred H. Colvin, son of Henry 
F. and Harriet Roper Colvin. 

Children : Charles, born March 4, 1893 ; Henry, born March 28, 
1898; Roger, born August 31, 1901 (died July 18, 1904). 

Mary Kendall Loring Colvin is First Vice-President of the New Jersey 
Woman Suft"rage Association and is devoting all the time she can spare 
from her home duties to the promotion of the "Votes-For-Women" Cause. 
All of her other activities are secondary to that and dependent upon it. In 
1915, when the question of woman suft"rage was submitted to popular vote 

in Xew Jersey, Mrs. Colvin con- 
ducted "Schools for Watchers 
and Workers at the Polls" in 
every comity of the state. She 
prepared a leaflet bearing in- 
structions for watchers and 
workers that was so admirable 
a digest of the election laws as 
to win the commendation of the 
Secretary of State. It covered 
the topics of registration and 
details as to the method of ap- 
pointment of watchers, the 
board of registry, how the vot- 
ing is done, how canvassed, dis- 
position of the ballot boxes and 
electioneering. Through these 
"schools", the New Jersey Wom- 
an Suffrage Association foimd 
it possible to marshal woman 
watchers at the polls in more 
than 1600 out of the 1900 polling 
places in New Jersey. It was noted as a wonderful showing, in view of the 
fact that it was the first campaign the women of New Jersey had under- 
taken and of the timidity of the women about domg such mausual work. 

Mrs. Colvin's Revolutionary and pre-Revolutionary ancestry entitles 
her to membership in all the societies in which such credentials are ac- 
cepted. Her great-grandfather was in the battle of Monmouth, in the 
ranks commanded by Lafayette, where he carried the colors of his regi- 
ment. He was later made a Lieutenant. Mrs. Colvin was educated in the 
public schools of Massachusetts, and resided in Philadelphia before she 
came to make her home in this State twenty-three years ago. She became 


Comly 99 
deeply interested iii the movement for woman suffrage, and, allying her- 
self with the New Jersey Association, was made its First Vice-President in 
1912 and is still serving in that office. Associated Vice Presidents are: 
Mrs. Ward D. Kerlin, of Camden; Mrs. Robert S. Huse, of Elizabeth; 
Mrs. John J. White, wife of Judge White, of the Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals, in Atlantic City ; Mrs. J. Thompson Baker, wife of Ex-Congressman 
Baker, of Wildwood and Miss Lulu H. Marvel, of Atlantic City. 

SAMUEL PANCOAST COMLY — AVoodbury — Bear Admiral. 
Born Woodbury, July 13, 1849: son of Nathan Folwell and Mary 
(Wood) Comly; married at Woodbury on Dec. 17, 1884, to Lawra 
L. Carpenter; 2'd on Aug. 14, 1895 to Mrs. Hannah L. Hamill of 
Woodbury, daughter of James C. and Charlotte Hillman Paucoast. 

Children : Mary, born Jan. 7, 1888 ; Samuel P., Jr., born Aug. 28, 

Samuel P. Comly has seen wide service in the United States Navy. 
His earlier education was acquired in the local schools ; and, appointed 
to the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, he graduated from 
there in 1869. He was made Ensign in the Navy in '70, Master in '74, Lieu- 
tenant in '78, Lieutenant Commander in '98, Commander in 1901, Captain 
in 1905, and Rear Admiral m 1909. He retired from active service July 
13, 1911. 

Admiral Comly participated on the Juniata in the Polaris Search 
Expedition to Greenland in '74. During the Spanish-American war he 
was a navigator on- the U. S. S. Indiana, and was in action at San Juan, 
P. R., in the bombardments of Santiago and m the destruction of Cervera's 
Spanish fleet. In 1910 he was in command of the Fourth Division of the 
United States Atlantic fleet, and later m the year of the Third Division; 
and was engaged in court martial duty from October, 1910, till the day of 
liis retirement, 1911. He has cruised the South Atlantic and South Pacific 
on the U. S. S. Adams, the waters of China and Japan on the Alliance. In 
1901-'O2 was the Commander of the training ship Alliance, and later of the 
battleship Alabama. From 1886-89 he was Inspector of Ordinance and 
Steel at the Midvale Steel works, and he served also as a member of the 
.Special Torpedo Board. In 1904-'05 he was inspector of the Fourth Light- 
house District, Philadelphia, and three years later a member of the Light- 
house Board. 

Admiral Comly's club memberships are with the Union League, (Phila- 
delphia) Army & Navy (Washington) and the Woodbury Country. 

MELVILLE THURSTON COOK— New Brimswick, (212 Law- 
rence Ave.) — Plant Pathalogist. Born at Coffeen, 111., September 

100 Cook 

20tli, 1869; sou of William Harvey and Elizabeth Frances (Robin- 
son) Cook; married at Flat Rock, 111., on September 8tli, 1897, 
to Dora Reavill Cook, daughter of Andrew J. and Martha A. 
(Seany) Reavill. 

Children: Harvey Reavill, born Aug. 20. 1901; Harold Thurs- 
ton, born Nov. 15, 1903 ; Elizabeth, born July 20, 1906. 

Melville T. Cook has been since 1911, Professor of Plant Pathology in 
Rutgers College and Plant Pathalogist at the New Jersey Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station at New Brunswick. His father is a physician in Illinois 
and he studied in the public schools of Illmois and in the preparatory school 
at Greeucastle, lud. He was for three years in DePauw University, 
Greencastle, and one year in Leland Stanford Jr. University, graduating 
with the A. B. degree in 1891. He did graduate work in the Marine Biolog- 
ical Laboratory at Woods Hall, Mass., Ohio Lake Laboratory at Sandusky, 

Ohio, the University of Chicago 
and the Ohio State University. 
He received the A. M. degree 
from DePauw University in 1902 
and Ph. D. degree from Ohio 
State University in 1904. 

Dr. Cook was Principal of the 
High School at Yandalia, 111., 
1894-5 ; Professor of Biology at 
De Pauw University 1895-1004; 
Special Lecturer on Compara- 
tive Anatomy in the Central Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, 
Indianapolis, 1902-3 ; Special 
Lecturer in Human Embryology 
hi the Medical College of Indi- 
ana. Indianapolis, 1903-4 ; Chief 
of the Department of Plant 
Pathology and Economic Ento- 
mology, in the Estacion Central 
Agronomica, Santiago de las Ve- 
gas, Cuba, 1904-1906; and was 
Plant Pathologist, in the Dela- 
ware Agricultural Experiment Station, at Newark, Del., from 1907 till in 
1911 he became Professor of Plant Pathology m Rutgers College and 
Plant Pathologist in the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station. 

Dr. Cook is a Fellow in the American Association for the Advancement 
of Science. Indiana Academy of Science, Botanical Society of America, 
member of the American Phytopathological Society (Vice President and 
President), National Institute of Social Sciences, American Association of 
Economic Entomologists, Entomological Society of America, American So- 
ciety of Naturalists, Ecological Society of America. New Brunswick Scien- 
tific Society (President), Delta Upsilon Fraternity, Sigma XI, Phi Beta 
Kappa and a 32nd degree Mason. 

He is also the author of "Diseases of Tropical Plants" and a large 

Cooper 101 

number of contributions to teclmical botanical journals and agricultural 
experiment station bulletins. 

HOWARD M. COOPER— (^amden, (106 Market St.)— Lawyer. 
Born in Camden, Jiuie 24, 1844; son of John and Mary M. 
(Kaiglim) Cooper; married at Philadelphia. Pa., April 22, 1SS4, 
to Lucy Smyth, daughter of William C. and Emily B. Smyth, of 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Children : Emily Cooper Johnson, wife of Edwin J. Johnson, of 

Howard M. Cooper is a graduate of llarverford College, Pemisylvania. 
He came out with the class of 1864 and the college has since conferred the 
A. M. degree upon him. He studied law in the oflice of Peter L. Yoorhees 
and was admitted to the bar as an attorney in 1867 and as a counselor in 

1870. He has been President of 
the Camden County Bar Asso- 
ciation smce 1905, was a mem- 
ber of the New Jersey State 
Board of Bar Examiners from 
1902 to 1912 and is a member 
of the American Bar Associa- 
tion and of the New Jersey 
State Bar Association. In 1885, 
when The Camden National 
Bank was incorporated he was 
made a Director, and its solici- 
tor, and has held both positions 
to the present time. He was a 
member of the State Library 
Commission from 1906 to 191B 
and has been a Trustee of the 
Camden Free Library since its 
organization in 189S. 

Besides being a practicing 
lawyer in Camden. Mr. Cooper 
has local repute as the author of 
a "Historical Sketch of Cam- 
den", published in 1909. He is also deeply interested in movements for the 
amelioration of the condition of the unfortunates in his part of the state. 
He has been President of the West Jersey Orphanage for Destitute Colored 
Children from 1883 to date and is President of the Camden Coimty Anti- 
Tuberculosis Association and of the Camden City Dispensary. 

JOHNSTON CORNISH— Washmgton.— Manufacturer. 
Washmgton (N. J.) in 1860; son of Joseph B. Cornish. 

Bttrn in 

Johnston Cornish is President of the Cornish Co.. manufacturers of 
organs and pianos, at Washington, Warren County, and has been recog- 

102 Cowenhoveu 

uized for many years as one of the dominathag factors in middle-state 
Democratic politics. His father before him, had been a leader in the 
politics of Warren county and served it in the State Senates of 1873, '74 
and '75. Mr. Cornish was therefore schooled in public affairs at his home 
table; and, soon after reaching majority became active in them. He was 
Mayor of Washington at twenty-seven, and was twice re-elected, the third 
time without opposition. He has served three separated terms in the State 

He had not attained the age of thirty required by the State Consti- 
tution as a qualification for a State Senator when he was first elected; 
but, a birth day following between election day and the time for his taking 
his seat, he was able to meet the age requirement when the Senate of 
1891 organized, and he served till the middle of the year 1893. Just before 
the expiration of his term, the Democrats of the Fourth District named 
him as their candidate for Congress, and he served in the 53rd Congress 
1893-"95. He retired from politics to attend to business, but was drawn 
into the swim again in 1899 to serve the county as Senator for another 
term. He gave way m 1902 to Dr. Barber : but in 1905 he was drafted 
into the service again, and, nominated, carried twenty of the twenty-eight 
election districts in the county and served in the State Senate iii 1906, '7 
and '8. Senator Cornish had been a member of the Democratic State Com- 
mittee, a delegate to many State Conventions for the nomination of can- 
didates for Governor and Delegate to several of the Democratic National 

Upon leaving school, Mr. Cornish engaged in the piano and organ 
making business with his father, who had founded it, and was taken into 
partnership with him. The business was subsequently incorporated as 
the Cornish Co., and he was made its Secretary and Treasurer. Upon the 
death of Joseph B. Cornish, Congressman Cornish succeeded to the Presi- 

Lawyer. Born at New Brunswick, Dec. 1, 1844; son of Nicholas 
Remsen and Anna (Rapalje) Cowenhoveu; married in 1870 to 
Ellen A. Towle, daughter of Henry Towle, an Englishman, and 
Justine de Ciplet de Groot, of Demarara, West Indies. Mrs. 
Cowenhoveu is a great-grand-daughter of Rev. Henry Green, Rec- 
tor of St. George's Church — Lincolnshire, England. 

Children : Charles Tiebout, Jr., counselor-at-law, and a member 
of the firm Convers & Kirlin, in New York City, who married 
Emily Kearny Rodgers, of New York ; Marie T. ; and Nicholas 
Remsen, attorney-at-law in New Brunswick. 

Charles Tiebout Cowenhoveu — Lawyer, ex-Judge and ex-Prosecutor of 
the Pleas — is a descendant of one of the earliest and distinguished Colonial 
families of America. The founder of the family was Wolfert Gerritsen 
Van Cowenhoveu, who came from Holland m 1630, and fovmded the colony 
of New Amersfoot on Long Island. A patent for the lands was granted him 

Cowles 103 

by Governor Van Twiller. One of the family was Jacob Van Cowenlioven, 
delegate to the States-General of Holland. A famous descendant m the 
American line was Egbert Benson, an eminent jurist. Another ancestor, 
Nicasius de Sille, was one of the Nine Selectmen in the Council of Gover- 
nor Stuyvesant ; also a "Schepen" and mentioned in the list of "Great 
Citizens" of New York, in the year 1657. Charles T. Cowenhoven is a 
great grandson of Catherine Remsen, and grandson of Garetta Tielxmt. 

His father, who came to New Brunswick from Brooklyn, in 1S40, was 
not engaged in professional or business occupation, but lived a retired life, 
and was recognized as a gentlemen of the old school. His family consisted 
of Garetta T., who married David Bishop, of Bishop Place, New Bruns- 
wick ; Catherine, who married the Rev. Dr. W. J. R. Taylor, a distinguished 
clergyman of the Reformed Church; Maria Letferts, married (second wife) 
W. J. R. Taylor ; Sarah Lefferts married Oscar Johnson, of Brooklyn, 
nephew of Bishop Whitehouse, of Illinois ; Cornelia Van Vechten died un- 
married ; Mary Anna, resides with her brother in New Brunswick ; Nicho- 
las Remsen, died young ; Charles Tieboiit was graduated from Rutgers 
College in 1862, studied law in the office of Abraham V. Schenck. and was 
admitted to the New Jersey Bar as an attorney in November, 1865, and as 
counselor in Fe))ruary, 1S69. From 1869 to 1874 he served as President 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Middlesex County, being the 
youngest man appointed to that bench ; he was Posecutor of the Pleas of 
Middlesex County from 1877 to 1882, and was again President Judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas from 1885 to 1890. 

Judge Cowenhoven has always practiced his profession in New Bruns- 
wick, and has wide note as a trial lawyer in criminal cases. He is a mem- 
ber of the Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity. 

ALFRED HUTCHINSON COWLES — Sewaren. — Metallurgist. 
Born in Cleveland, O., Dec. 8, 1858, son of Edwin Cowles, ( founder, 
publisher and editor of the Cleveland "Leader," "Evening News," 
and "Herald") and Elizabeth Caroline (Hutchinson) Cowles; mar- 
ried on October 25, 1906, at Akron, O., to Helen J., daughter of 
Mortimer Wills, of Akron, O. 

Alfred Hutchinson Cowles is a descendant of John Cowles who came 
to these shores about 1636, settling in Farmingtou, Conn. The Rev. Thomas 
Hooker and Peregrine White of the Mayflower were also in the family line. 

Mr. Cow^les studied chemistry and physics for two years at the Ohio 
State University ; specialized in science at Cornell University for four 
years, finishing in 1882 ; was of the 8-oared Freshman crew that out-rowed 
Harvard in 1878, of the winning 4-oared crew at Lake George in 1880, of the 
crew at Henley, England, for Steward's Challenge Cup in 1881, and on the 
Danube the same year ; and captain of the "Varsity" 4-oared crew in 1882. 

Interested with his father and brother in a large deiwsit of copper 
zinc ore at the head waters of the Pecos River, N. Y., Mr. Cowles designed 
an electric furnace to volatilize and catch the zinc in the ore. He discovered 
that this furnace was capable of reducing theretofore irreducible metallic 



oxides. Ill su1)sequeiit suits for patent iufriiigmeiit it was sliowu that the 
Cowles brothers were the first to use the electric furnace in the production 
of aluminum, carborundum, silicon, calcium, carbide, phosphorous, and 
various alloys. With a 35 e. h. p. generator that gave the largest amperage 
current of any generator made up to that time, the Messrs. Cowles made 
10 Vc alumuium bronze early in 1SS5 and sold it at 55 cents per pomid. 

The litigations that confirmed the prior claims of the Cowles brothers 
was notable hi the jurisprudence of the U. S. Courts for many years. Ac- 
cording to a letter, over the signature of Gen. Counsel McMillin, for the 
Cowles Company, in the Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 
the secret of the Cowles' invention was taken out of the factory by em- 
ployees who went over to the 
service of a company organ- 
ized to operate under it. 

The Cowles Electric Smelt- 
ing and Aluminum Co. was 
organized with a capital stock 
of $200,000 (increased to 
$1,000,000) and in 1886 a 
water-power plant was com- 
pleted at Lockport, N. Y., 
where the largest generator 
in the w(_)rld at the time, de- 
signed by Charles F. Brush, 
of the Brush Electric Co., 
was installed ; and the plant 
was the pioneer for electric 
smelting. In England the 
Cowles Syndicate Co. was 
organized in 1887 and the 
British Aluminum Co. de- 
veloped from it. Annoimce- 
meiits of the invention were 
made to the American Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Science and the American Institute of Min- 
ing Engmeers before other Societies. The Franklin Institute awarded to 
the Cowles brothers the John Scott Legacy medal and the Elliott Cresson 

A patent for the process of reducing aluminum from alumina was ap- 
plied for Dec. 24, 1884. by the Cowles brothers and was issued June 9, 1885. 
In a specific form of the broad invention they had lieeii anticipated in date 
of application by Charles S. Bradley who, though he had applied for a 
patent Feb. 2.3, 188.3. did not take it out till Feb. 1892; but the Cowries 
Company purchased Bradley's application in 1885, thus controlling the elec- 
tric process for manufacturing aluminum commercially. Meanwhile, the 
Pittsburgh Reduction Co., organized in 1888 by Charles M. Hall and Ro- 
maine C. Cole, both of whom had been with the Cowles Co., at their factory 
in Lockport, l>egan the manufacture of aluminum in Pittsburgh and later 
at Niagara Falls and Massena. X. Y., on a large scale. After the litigation 
showing that the priority of the invention belonged to the Cowles Com- 

Cranmer 105 

pany, royalties and damages amounting to $1,350,000 were paid by the 
Aluminum Co., of America, successors to the Pittsburgh Reduction Co. 
This invention has not only made possible the production of aluminum on 
a large scale and at a much reduced cost for a great A^ariety of articles, 
but it has resulted in the great carborundum works at Niagara Falls and in 
Europe and the graphite business, both developed by E. G. Acheson. The 
carbordum company, paid the Cowles Company over $300,000 on award of 
the U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals. 

Mr, Cowles is President of the Electric Smeltmg and Alummum Com- 
pany — re-organized by him in 1895 from the Cowles Electric Smelting and 
Aluminum Company ; for eight years before assuming the Presidency he 
had been its metallurgist. He is also President of the Pecos Copper Co., 
and the AVeiller Manufacturing Co., a Fellow of the American Institute of 
Electrical Engineers, a founder member of the Mming and Metallurgical 
Society of America, a member of the U. S. Naval Institute, the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science, the Franklin Institute, and one 
of the founders, and a past vice-president of the American Electro-Chemical 

GEORGE THOMAS CRANMER— Trenton.— U. S. Court Official. 
Born at Barnegat, Dec. 0th, 1848; son of Capt. George Cranmer, 
(a New Jersey mariner), and Charlotte Collins Cranmer; married 
on April 6th, 1893, to Tacy Margaret, daughter of Wilkinson G. and 
Martha C. Conrad, of Barnegat. 

Children : AJjirtha Charlotte, born Dec. 30th, 1895 ; died at Barne- 
gat, April 1, 1901. 

George T. Cranmer, for one year Assemblyman and for nine State 
Senator from Ocean Co., has been for twenty-four years Clerk of the United 
States District Court for the New Jersey District. On both sides, he is of 
English extraction. The Cranmer family, one of the oldest in Eastern 
New Jersey, claims descent from Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury who was burned at the stake, by order of Queen Mary, at Smithfleld, 
England, m 1556, for his devotion to Protestantism. The family in New 
Jersey is descended from William Cranmer, who settled at Southold, Long 
Island, New York, in 1640, and whose descendants settled in Monmouth 
Comity and at Little Egg Harbor in the early part of 1700. A paternal 
ancestor, Daniel Leeds, compiler of William Bradford's New York Al- 
manacs and a Quaker writer and controversialist of fame in his day. settled 
at Little Egg Harbor, Leeds Point, in the latter part of the seventeenth 

The ancestors in his mother's line came from England and settled in 
Monmouth (now Ocean) County, in the early part of 1700. Ebenezer Col- 
lins married Ann Woodmansee. of Good Luck. Monmouth Coimty, Decem- 
ber 27, 1748. He was a trader engaged in sea-faring pursuits. He sailed 



to South America on a trading expedition and was never afterwards heard 
from. Mr. Cranmer's mother, a descendant of Ebenezer Collins, was a 
daughter of Benjamin and Maria Mills Collins, and was born at Barnegat, 
Monmouth (now Ocean) County, Dec. 12, 1S24. She died at Waretown, 
Ocean County, July 7, 1865. 

Mr. Cranmer is a member of the Society of Colonial Wars and of the 
Society of Sons of the Revolution in the State of New Jersey, in right of 
descent through his mother's line, from James Edwards, who was a 
Captain in one of the Associated Companies of Kent County, in the service 
of the Province of Pennsylvania, and wounded in the leg in the battle at 
Fort Duquesne. July 9, 1755, in which Braddock fell. He afterwards served 
in the Revolutionary War in Col. Thomas Proctor's Pennsylvania Artillery 
Regiment of the Continental Line, which fought at Brandyw^ine, Chadd's 
Ford, Newtown, Germantown, Bergen Neck and Trenton. A part of this 

Regiment still maintains its or- 
ganization as the United States 
Second Artillery. 

Senator Cranmer was left 
fatherless at the age of two 
years, and the responsibility of 
his training fell to his mother. 
After availing himself of the 
educational facilities afforded 
him in his native village, he en- 
tered Pennington Seminary at 
Pennington, in his fourteenth 
year. At the age of sixteen, and 
before graduation, he met with 
an irreparable loss in the death 
of his mother, and shortly after- 
wards accepted the position of 
bookkeeper and cashier in a 
large mercantile business at Ea- 
ton town, (Monmouth Co.) where 
he remained for five years. He 
was engaged in business in 
Trenton, from 1871 to 1876 ; then 
returned to his native village at Barnegat. In 1878 he was the republican 
candidate fur mendjer of House of Assembly for Ocean County, but was 
defeated by Rufus Blodgett, later United States Senator. In September, 
1879, President Hayes appointed him Collector of Customs for the District 
of Little Egg Harbor, at Tuckerton ; he resigned July 1, 1880. 

In November, 1882, he was elected for Ocean County, to the House of 
Assembly. In 1883 he was unanimously nominated for State Senator for 
Ocean County, and elected over ex-Senator Emson. He was re-elected to 
the Senate in 1886, and again m 1889. He was Chairman of the Republican 
Senate caucus and of the Republican jomt caucus for four years, then de- 
clining the honor further. In the session of 1889 he was unanimously nom- 
inated by the minority republican caucus for President of the Senate. His 
nine years of service in the Senate ended in 1893. He was an Altei-nate 

Crawford 107 

Delegate-at-Large to the National Republican Convention at Chicago in 
1888, and also to the National Republican Convention at Minneapolis in 
1892. His appointment on January 2, 1S93, as Clerk of the District Court 
of the United States for the District of New Jersey was made by U. S. 
Judge Edward T. Green. He succeeded Linsley Rowe, who had resigned, 
and he has since held the position imder Judges Green, Kirkpatrick, Lan- 
ning, Cross, Rellstab, Haight and Davis. 

Senator Cranmer became a member of Company A, Seventh Regiment 
N. G. N. J. March 17th, 1873. On August 9th, 1875, he was appointed by 
Colonel A. AV. Angell, Quartermaster of the Regiment, and he held the 
office under every Colonel until disbaudmeut of the Regiment on May 2, 
1899, when he was placed upon the retired list. During the administration 
of Governor Voorhees, he received from the Governor the twenty-five years 
continuous military service medal. 

The Senator is a member of the Order of the Knights of Pythias, 
served as Grand Chancellor of the State of New Jersey for the year ending 
in February, 1895, and, connected with the State Street Methodist Episcopal 
Church, of Trenton, is a member and Secretary of its Board of Trustees. 

EAKL STETSON CRAWFORD — Nutley. — Artist. Born m 
Philadelphia, Pa., Jinie 6, 1877 ; son of Franklin Matthew and 
Florence A. (Depuy) Crawford; married at Princeton, on Jan. 
14, 1902 to Brenetta B. Herrman, daughter of Charles D. and 
Emma F. Herrman of Toledo, O., and New York. 

E. Stetson Cmwford, grandson of Jolm B. Stetson of Philadelphia, 
did mural work on the United States Government building at San Fran- 
cisco, has done other work of the same kind on several important private 
collections, and has been connected with the School of Applied Design 
for Women m New York since 1912. He has served as an Art Director 
in several publications and is a portrait pamter. Stamed glass windows 
in a number of churches are of his design. 

Mr. Crawford was educated at the School of Industrial Art m Phila- 
delphia, the Academy of Fine Arts, the Delacluse and Julieu Academies 
and at the Ecole Nationale des Beaux Arts in Paris ; and he subsequently 
attended art classes in Mmiich, London, Rome, Florence and Venice. 

Mr. Crawford has acted as an instructor of advanced classes m book- 
cover designs and composition work ; has been a member of the Nutley 
Shade Tree Commission for five years and was for some time connected 
with the National Guard of Pennsylvania. He is a Fellow of the Society 
of American Illustrators, a member, and smce 1912 Secretary, of the 
National Association of Portrait Pamters, and a member of the Loyal 
American Society. 

Mr. Crawford is a Republican m politics, an Episcopalian in faith, a 
member of the Masonic Order and is connected with the T-Square and 
Salmagundi Clubs. 

108 Crocker 

Mr. Crawford's studio in New York is at 51 West Tenth street, and 
he has a summer home at Roque Bluffs, Me. 

FRANCIS BACON CROCKEKn-Ampere.— Electrical Engmeer. 
Born at New York, N. Y., on July 4th, 1861 ; son of Henry H. and 
Mary (Eldridge) Crocker. 

Francis B. Crocker is one of the founders of the Crocker-Wheeler Co., 
at Ampere, just outside of Newark, and one of the noted engineers of the 
United States. He was graduated in 1882 from Columbia University with 
the degree of E. M. and received the degree of Ph. D. in 1884 and the 
Honorary M. S. degree in 1914. Columbia established m 1889 the first 
course in electrical engmeering in the country ; Mr. Crocker was put in 
charge of the department and for twenty-five years remained as head Pro- 
fessor of Electrical Engineering. 

In 1887 Mr. Crocker was also one of the founders and Vice-President 
of the C. »& C. (Curtis & Crocker) Electric Co. Smce the foundation of 
the Crocker-Wheeler Co., in 1888, he has been and still is active in its 
affairs. The company is one of the greatest industrial establishments in 
the State, and prominent, the world over, in the manufacture of electrical 
machmery. It is especially noted for the high quality of its products, 
and thousands of machmes made at the Ampere works are sold all over this 
comitry and in many foreign countries. 

Mr. Crocker was President of the American Institute of Electrical 
Eiigmeers in 1897 and '98, and of the New York Elec*^rical Society from 
1889 to 1892. He is Foreign Member of the British Institution of Elec- 
trical Engineeres, a Fellow of the A. A. A. S. and was Permanent Secre- 
tary, in 1893, of the International Electrical Congress. 

He is the author of "Management of Electrical Machinery" (7th edi- 
tion), 1907; "Electric Lighting," (6th edition), 1904; "Electric Motors," 
(2nd edition), 1914; and of many articles and papers in the "Electrical 
World," in "Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engi- 
neers" and other jovirnals. 

Mr. Crocker is a member of the Universitv Club of New York. 

SEYMOUR L. CROMWELI^-Meudham.— Banker. Born April 
24th, 1871, Brooklyn, N. Y., son of Frederic and Esther Husted 
Cromwell; married November 29th, 1899, to Agnes Whitney, 
daughter of Mrs. Stephen Suydam Whitney, of Morris Plains. 

Children : Frederic, born Sept. 10th, 1900 ; Seymour L., Jr., born 
November 20th, 1902 ; Whitney Husted, born November 29th, 1904 ; 
John, born August 2.5th, 1915. 

Mr. Cromwell was educated at the Brooklyn Latin School, Morse School 
in New York City, Harvard University, Class of '92, and the University of 
Berlin. On returuiiig to America he became an officer in the East River 



Gas Company, and afterwards in the Brooklyn Wharf & Warehouse Com- 
pany. In '98 he served hi Troop "A" U. S. Volunteers and participated in 
the Porto Rican campaign. In 1896 he became connected with the firm of 
Strong, Sturgis & Co., bankers and brokers, New York City, of which 

firm he is still a member. 

In New .Jersey he has been 
interested in charitable and 
penal problems. He is Presi- 
dent of the State Charities Aid 
and Prison Reform Associa- 
tion ; was at one time Presi- 
dent of the Conference of Char- 
ities and Correction ; and has 
recently been appomted by Gov- 
ernor Edge as one of the Prison 
Inquiry Commission, and is al- 
so serving on a commission that 
has to do with the food supply 
of the State in the present crisis. 
Mr. Cromwell is a Director in 
several banks and industrial 
companies ; a Governor of the 
New York Stock Exchange; 
President of the Essex Fox 
Hounds, of Peapack ; member 
of the Somerset Hills Country 
Club and Raritan \'alley Country Club ; and, in New York, member of the 
Union, University, Harvard, Racquet and Tennis Clubs. 

JOSEPH EDGAR CROWELL— Paterson, (109 East 21st St.) — 
Editor. Born in Newark, on May 1, 1844; son of Wallace Laing 
and .Jane Yanderhoven ; married at Trenton, on Jan. 1st, 1865 to 
Mary M. Reed, daughter of George W. and Susan (Quigley) Reed 
of Trenton. 

Children: Mrs. William R. Cobb; George E. ; Mrs. William J. 
McCollom ; Mrs. W. Lloyd Dorsey. 

Joseph E. Crowell received his early education at Claverack College, 
N. Y., and began his life-long newspaper career under the auspices of 
Orrui Yanderhoven, his micle, who was well known duruig his life time 
for his journalistic enterprises. Mr. Crowell's family lived in Yonkers 
in his early boyhood, and he became acquainted with the printing office 
when he made a visit to Mr. Yanderhoven at his home m Paterson. He 
so much liked carrying papers, and setting type that he was disinclined to 
go back to Yonkers. Before the time for the end of his visit came, the 
floor of St. Aloysius Hall in Paterson gave way while a church fair was 
in progress there, and in the crash several people were injured. Young 
Crowell happened to be there, and he rushed with the details to his uncle's 

110 Currier 

newspaper office. Tlie story of (lit' catastroplie appeared, and its publica- 
tion wlietted younj,' ("roweU'.s appetite lor journalistic adventure tlie more, 
and he soon foiuid himself in the ne\vspai)er swim. 

lint his work was interrupted by the outbreali of the Civil Wai*. 
President Lincoln's call for :i(tO.(M)0 volunteers in 1S62 aroused his martial 
(•nthusiasm. and lie enlisted in Co. K., Thirteenth New Jersey Regiment, 
of which IIui,'ii c. Irish was Captain. The Regiment, assigned to the 
protection of I'cnnsylvania against a threatened invasion by the Rebel 
army, saw mucli service, and participated in the battles of Antietam, 
Chancellorsville. Gettysburg and South Mountain and was also at the 
siege of Savannah and at the siege and capture of Atlanta. Mr. Crowell 
had one of his fingers shot oft" m the battle of Chancellorsville ; and, coming 
home ou furlough, was promoted to Lieutenant of the Invalid Corps, later 
known as the Veteran Reserve Corps. This corps was used for the pro- 
tection of buildings and hospitals in Washington, and Crowell as Lieu- 
tenant was in charge of the soldiers" guard at the Old Capitol prison. 
He fretpiently met I'resident I-incohi, and came in contact with most of 
the big men of the nation during the war times. After the war he served 
for two years, with headquarters at Trenton, preparing statistics concern- 
ing discharged soldiers. Lieutenant Crowell afterwards related his war 
experiences in a l»ook entitled "The Young Volunteer." 

Honorably discharged from the service on March 13, 1866, Mr. Crowell 
returned to I'aterson to resume newspaper work and agam became con- 
nected with the "duardian," the paper which his micle had founded years 
Ix'fore. Later it passed into the hands of ^Vnson and Carlton M. Herrick, 
nnd ui ls7l! Mr. Crowell became City Editor. Afterwards he purchased a 
half interest in the "Passaic City Herald ;" but after three years returned 
to his old chair in the "Guardian" office. In 1SS9 Mr. Crowell was invited 
to organize a company to secure possession of the "Morning Call" and 
turn it into a Republican jtaper. He experienced no difficulty in raising 
the necessary capital for the purpose. The new newspaper w'as a suecess. 
Mr. Crowell was made its editor, and served in that capacity for more 
than thirty years, until failing health a year or so ago necessitated his re- 
tirement from active service. 

Mr. Crowell served on the Commission to erect a monument in honor 
of the state of New Jersey at .iVntietam. He is a member of the Pica Club 
and of the Graiul Army. 

KKII.VKI) 1)1 DLKY ( I RRIKK— Montclair, (21 Highland 
Avenue* — Attorney. P.orn I'.ridgepori. Conn., Aug. 25th, 1877; 
sou of Levi Wheeler and Sarah Elizabeth (Ayer) Currier; mar- 
ried in New York City, Oct. 20th, 1909, to Adele Ames, daughter 
of Edward G. and Adele (Deshons) Ames of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Children : Elizabeth Adele, born Oct. 4th. 1912. 

Richard Currier who foimded the Currier family in this country 
c^ime from England to Salisbury, Mass., in 1640. Hannah Dustin, of 
Haverhill. Mass.. who became famous during the Indian Wars of the 

Cushiug 111 

Colonial tiiiu's fur liaviii;.' hiokcn fiuin <;i|)ii\it\ alHT scalpin;; ton of 
the lit'd Skins, was of his line. 

KirhanI Diulley ('urrici- was ('ilucatt'i! al ihc r.ii(l;:c|..)ii Ili-h School, 
giadiiatinf.' thorc in ISJMJ, at Vale whcif In- won his (Ifgrri- in 1!mm» an<l at 
the I'.osioii Inivcrsit.v Law School and the \t'w York Law School. At 
frraduatjoii from Vale he was awarded the .lanio (Jordun iSenneii prize 

for the higlH'st work in his- 

Vtory ami economics in the Col- 
^^ lege course. Following his grad- 

^ ^^L nation from the New York Law 

^^B \ School in 1<.>I)2. he opened aii 

^^m ^i^g^ ^ttlk '" '^''^^ York rity for tli(> 

1^ ^^^ ^^^M engaged thei-e until liius when 

\jl0 , ^^^^^^g he to New Jersey to or- 

\^ ^^^^^m gani/.e the New Jersey Law 

School. He was made the 
President of its Faculty and 
still holds that position. The 
Law School has ahout 250 stud- 
ents at present. 

lie has found time, apait 
from his profession in New 
York and from his labors in the 
New Jersey Law School, to pre- 
pare a numher of legal books. 
Among them is the "Sailor's 
Log," a compilation of laws re- 
lating to seamen: and in colla- 
boration with Professor Hate he was author of another important volume — 
"Cases on the Law of Torts." 

-Mr. Currier is a member of the American Bar Association. American 
Socii'ty «»f International Law. Anierican Society for the Judicial Settle- 
ment of Intenuitional Disputes, the St. Anthony Country Club. ( Henuiug- 
ton, Vt.), Y'ale Chib. ( N. Y. i In politics he i5 a reimblican. and has 
been an active worker in the ranks of the )iarty. 

.Mr. Currier has a summer home at Shaftesbury. \t.. where he nniiii- 
tains a farm and a summer camp for girls. Caniii Av;ilon. 

.11 LIKT C. ClSHIN(i (Mrs. G. W. B.i— Fast (Mange. Born 
New York, X. Y. ; daughter of Simon and Sarah M. (CUmstead) 
Clannon ; married at East Orange, October. 1875 to George W. B. 
Cushing. .sou of Pientice and Eleanor Tainfor Cushiug of Massa- 

Juliet C. Cushing has been President of the Consumers League of New 
Jersey since its organization in IJKKi. The League organized the New 
Jersey Child Labor Committee iii 1004. It is uow know-u as the New 

112 Cutler 

Jersey Child Lahur ;ui<l Welfare Committee; and Mrs. Cushiug is the 
Committee's chairman. Mrs. Cushing is also interested in the organization 
work of the I'resbyterian Church and has been President of the Presl)y- 
terial and Synodical Societies connected with the Presliyterian Church of 
New Jersey. She is also President of the Orange Auxiliary to the McAll 
Mission in France. 

Mrs. Cushing's father, a native of Comity Ross, Ireland, was edu- 
cated at Truiity College, Dublin. Her mother was of old Colonial stock, 
a descendent of Jonathan Gilbert who traced his line back to Sir Humphrey 
(Jilbert. Mrs. Cushing was educated m private schools and was graduated 
from Miss Wadleigh's Department of the Twelfth Street School in New 

The Consumers League of which Mrs. Cushing is President is an asso- 
ciation of persons who, in making their purchases, strive to further the 
welfare of those who make or distribute the things bought. Its objects 
are to better conditions for women and children who are wage earners ; to 
further the enactment and enforcement of laws for their protection ; to in- 
crease the demand for goods made and sold under right conditions and to 
abolish sweatshops and tenement and child labor. It urges upon every 
l)uyer responsibility for conditions in uidustry of which he does not ap- 
prove and upon employers a high standard of law^-abiding, humane treat- 
ment of employees. It appeals to the consumer to do "Christmas Shop- 
ping" early and agahist Saturday aftei-noon shopping; to the employer, to 
give women employees a living wage, reasonable hours of labor, sanitary 
conditions in work and lunch rooms and a Saturday half-holiday during 
two summer months ; and to the employee to render conscientious and in- 
telligent service and to make the interest of a fair employer his own in- 

Mrs. Cushing is a member, and in 1S96-97-9S w^as President of the 
Womens Club of Orange; and was a Delegate to the Conventions of the 
(Jeneral Federation of Women's Clubs held in Louisville. Ky., in Denver. Col. 
and in New York City. 

WILLARI) \V. CITLEK—Morristown.— Lawyer. Born at Mor- 
ristown, on Nov. :'., 1s.j6 ; son of Augustus W. and Julia R. (Walker) 
Cutler ; married to Mary B. Ilinchman, of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Children : Genevieve W.. Julia H., Ethel, Willard W. Jr., Edith 
and Ralph H. 

Willard W. Cutler bears a name that has long been familiar to the 
people of New Jer.sey. His father served in Congress for some years and 
was the sponsor for the act that created the Department of Agriculture 
and placed a new portfolio on the President's Cabinet desk. The Depart- 
ment of Agriciilture lias grown into one of the most important of the 
executive divisions of the National Government. It embraces the Weather 



Bureau ami the Lalxir 1 )('i>ai-t iiicnl as well as ccnil lilml in;,' tu ilic drvclnii- 
meiit of till' fanniiij,' induslry tliniu^'houl the cduiit ry. -Mr. Cutler adiieveil 
di.stinctiou iu his liist eainiiai),'ii for ("oiit;ress in having defeated William 
Walter I'helps. the Kepnhlican who had rei)resented the fifth district 
hi the previous Conf;;ress and who was afterwards Ciiited States Ainhassa- 
dor to Berlui. Congressman Cutler's subseciuent earapuiKii U>v the (Jov- 
eriKM-ship, was widely supported in the couvoiifiou that eventually uom- 
Lnated Chancellor AlexaiuU-r T. McGill agahist John W. (Jriggs. 

The family had already been distinguished in the annals nf war and 
statemanship. Congressman Cutler's grandfather. Ahijah Cutler, achieved 
distinction in the Kev«)lutioiiary struggle; and his father, Joseph Cutler, 
was a Brigadier Ceiieral in the American Army during tlie War of 1.^12. 
In his mother's line, was Silas Condit who was a delegate to the Conti- 
nental Congress, rresiilent of the New Jersey Committee of Safety and 

Speaker of the New Jersey As- 

Willard W. Cut lei- ac<|iiire<l ids 
education at the public schools 
of Morristown iiiid studied law 
in his father's ofiice. He was 
admitted to the Bar as an attor- 
ney and afterwards as a coun- 
selor. He was counsel for the 
Morristown Board of Sewerage 
while it was in existence: an<l 
in later yejirs was a member of 
the Democratic State Commit- 
tee, but resigned to accept judi- 
cial functions. rpon the re- 
signation in 1SS2 of (Jeorge W. 
Forsyth. Prosecutor of the Pleas 
of Morris County, the (.'curt 
named Mr. Cutler to take up 
the duties of that ottice ; and he 
held it by successive r<'api)oiiit- 
ments from (Jovernors Ludlow, 
Green and Werts until 1893. He resigned then to accept the office of Pre- 
siding Judge of the Morris County Courts teinlered to him by Governor 
Weits. Upon the completion of his term in 'its he icsumed the practice of 
his profession at Morristown Jiiid contiiiue<l until (Icnernor Fielder in lOHJ 
appointed him a Circuit Court Judge. lie is assigned to the Kssex 

Judge Cutler was one of the organizers of the Morristown Trust <"o., 
and has been its Vice President for over twenty years. For some years 
he was President of the Y. M. C. A. of Morristown and is yet a member of 
its Board of Trustees. Some years ago he was the Superintendent of the 
South Street Presbyterian Church Sunday School and he has long been 
President of the church's Boar<l of Trustees. He is also a Past Master 
of Cincinnati Lodge \o. :'. F. & A. M. and a member of the Whii»pany 
River Club. 

114 Cutting 

Judi^c ("ntU'i-'s (lauKliter. (ieiievieve. is the wife of Charles M. Marsh, Jr., 
of Washington. D. C. ; his daughter, Julia H., wife of John H. Salter, of 
(Jlen Kidge : his daughter, Ethel, wife of Leon S. Freeman, of Morristown ; 
his daughter. Edith, is wife of Cliarles W. Phelps, of Morristown ; his son, 
AVillard W.. Jr., is located at Tulsa. Oklahoma, and his son, Ralph H., is of 

MARY STEWART CUTTING (Mrs. Charles W.)— East Orange, 
(50 Munn avenue) — Author. Born in New York City June 27, 
1851: daughter of Ulysses and Mary (Stewart) Douhleday ; mar- 
ried in New York City December 20, 1S75 to Charles Weed Cutting, 
who died in lS9o. 

Children : Charles W., Ulysses D., Mary S., Janet B., Amy D. 

Mary Stewart Cutting, from her earliest childhood, was given to making 
up stories and trying to write them. After she grew up she wrote a 
numl»er for children that were printed in a little Church Mission paper, 
"The Yoimg Christian Soldier ;" and the acceptance of a few of her poems 
by Lippincott's Magazine winged her ambition for the larger fields of 
literature. During her married life she wrote but little ; but after her 
husband's death she took up literature as a profession. In two years she 
offered a dozen or more manuscripts sixty-three times to publishers and 
had but three of them accepted. One appeared in Harper's, another in the 
Cosmopolitan and the third in McClure's. 

In the hope of strikuig some new and popular vein she varied the 
style and topics of her stories with only measurable success till her "Fairy 
<;(»ld" ciiught the eye of an editor in McClure's. Havmg accepted the 
manuscript he said he would take all the "married life stories" she chose 
to send in. When she remarked that there was nothing new about that 
sort of thing. — tliat it was only just what every one knew all about, — he 
replied that slie was the only one writmg it. She t(»ok the suburbs for the 
setting of lier contributions afterwards, and her stories have run m nearly 
all tlie magazines. Mrs. Cutting says of her work that she writes slowly 
and envies the people who dash oft" so many thousand words a day ; and 
that the one of her stories she likes the best is "The Song of Coin-age," 
pultlished in "Everybody's" magazine several years ago but never published 
in l)ook form. 

Mrs. Cutting's fjither served hi the Civil War and was a Brevet 
Brigadier (Jeneral of Volunteers and a brother of General Abner Double- 
day. Iler mother's father was Dr. James Stewart, a New York physician. 
Mrs. Cutting has lived in— l)esides New York— Chicago for a year, after- 
wards in Bergen Point and moved to East Orange in 1898. 

Mrs. Cutting's books are: "Little Stories of Courtship," "Little Stories 
of Married Life." "More Stories of Married Life," "The Suburban Whirl 
and Other Stories of Married Life," "Heart of Lynn," "The Wayfarers," 

Daliyiuple 115 

"Just for Two." "Lovers of Sauna," "Tho Unforeseen," "Refractory Hus- 
bands," and "The Blossoming Rod." 

Mrs. Cutting is a member of the Authors League of America. 

LEONA DALRYMPLE — Passaic, (45 Summer St.)— Author. 
Born ui Trenton, (hiughter of George H. and Carrie ^Mrginia 
( Dean ) Dalrymple. 

Through her charmingly optimistic stories Leona Dalrymple has won 
her way into the hearts of many readers in the T'nited States. Canada, 
Australia and England — and she is virtually at the threshold of her career. 
Her spectacular achievement ui whining a .$10,000 prize offered by the 
Keilly Britton Co. in 1^)15. for the best popular novel in a competition that 
called forth competing work from two thousand rivals, bears out the 
promise shown in her earlier work. Miss Dalrymple had achieved literary 

distinction before she won the 
prize with her novel "Diane of 
the (ireen Van" which sold over 
a hundred thousand copies and 
was included in the Bookman's 
list of Best Sellers for several 
months. In England "Diane of 
the (ireen Van" was selected as 
the "jubilee" book of the year. 
"The Lovable Meddler" pub- 
lished the following year also 
found its way into the list of 
Best Sellers. Though Miss Dal- 
rymple is best known by her de- 
lightful popular novels, she is 
most loved by I'eaders who 
write to her from all parts of 
the country — for her Christ- 
mas stoi'ies in book form. These 
little heart tales that sparkle 
with tears as well as laughter 
are loved Ity rich and poor, 
young and old alike. 
Miss Dalrymple's first Itook "Traumerei" was published in the early 
part of 1012. In the fall of that year appeared her "Uncle Noah's Christ- 
mas Inspiratioi)" first iul»lished m the Ladies "Home Journal" and later 
in book form. Other books of hers are "In the Heart of the Christmas 
Pines." 1913: "Uncle Noah's Christmas Party." 1914; "Jimsy. the Christ- 
mas Kid," 1914 ; and "When the Yule-log Burns." 1916. Her novelette 
"The Driftwood Adventure" which had magazuie publication will be pro- 
duced this fall as a play Ity Cohan and Harris. In July (1917) Miss Dal- 
rymple's new novel "Kenny " the tale of a lovable, madcap Irishman will 
lie published by the Reilly Britton Co. of Chicago. 

116 Daly 

For the past three years Miss Dalrymple has been a weekly contribu- 
tor of fairy stories for the Newspaper Feature Service and a number Of 
her photo-plays have been produced by the Selig Polyscope Co. and The 

The young author's ancestry is Scotch on her father's side and French 
on her mother's. Her father is well known in the politics of the upper part 
of the state. He is one of the active promoters of the progressive movement 
of the Republican party. 

Miss Dalrymple is devoted to music and motoring. She is a part of 
that Bohemian life which centers in New York and a member of many 
clults of actors, illustrators, writers, painters and musicians. 

DAVID R. DALY— Jersey City, (324 York Street)— Manufac- 
turer. Born at Piermont, N. Y., June 8, 1853, son of William 
and Mary Aim (Rennie) Daly. Married to Jane Gaisford, daugh- 
ter of James and Mary A. Gaisford, of Dobbs Ferry, X. Y'. 

David R. Daly is of Irish parentage. He was educated at old Public 
School No. 1 in Jersey City, and in the technical classes of the Cooper 
Institute, New York. He entered the employ of J. H. Gautier & Co., of 
Jersey City, at an early age. Eagerness for the technical education, which 
he foimd to be a necessity in his employment, led him to attend the classes 
at the Cooper Institute. He has been with the Gautier Company ever 
smce, and the story of his career is one of steady rise to prominence in 
its management, now being the Company's President and General Manager. 

Mr. Daly has taken an active part m the civic and trade life of the 
city, and his interest in the educational welfare of the community led 
Mayor Wanser to name him a director of the Board of Education. Later, 
Mayor Fagan appointed him a member of the Free Public Library Board, 
and he is now its Treasurer. He has also held the office of President 
of the Jersey City Chamber of Commerce for the years 1905, 1906 and 

Mr. Daly is a director of the Home of the Homeless in Jersey City, 
an institution for orphaned children ; a trustee of the Provident Institution 
for Savings, Vice-President of the Hudson County National Bank, and a 
member of the Union League, Palma and Carteret Clubs. 

JOHN COTTON DANA— Newark.— Librarian. Born in Wood- 
stock, Vt., on Aug. 19th, 1856; son of Charles and Charitie Scott 
(Loomis) Dana; married on November 15, 1888, to Adine Rowena 
Wagener, of Russellville Ky. 

John Cotton Dana is Librarian at the Free Public Library in Newark. 
He graduated from Dartmouth College with the A. B. degree m 1873 ; 
studied law in Woodstock, Vt., and was admitted to practice at the New 
York Bar in 1883. Meanwhile, in 1880 and 1881 he was a land surveyor in 



Colorado, aud in 1886-'87 he was a civil engineer in Colorado. He became 
Librarian of the Denver Public Library m 1889 and continued in that posi- 
tion until 1897. From 189S until 1902 he was City Librarian at Spring- 
field, Mass. In 1902 he was made Librarian of the Free Public Library in 

Mr. Dana has been Director of the Newark Museum Association since 
its foundation in 1909 ; is a member, and in 1896 was President of the 
American Library Association and is connected with the Century Club 
in New York and with the Essex Club in Newark. 

Mr. Dana's official duties have not excluded him from participation in 
current affairs. He is a frequent participant in community movements, was 
a member of the Committee of One Hundred that arranged the Newark 
City 250th Anniversary fete of 1916, and finds time besides, to occasionally 
make graceful contributions to the literature of the day. 

Mr. Dana's brother, Charles Loomis Dana, is Professor of Nervous 
Diseases at Cornell University Medical College and ex-President of the 
New York Academy of Medicine. 

WINTHROP M. DANIELS— Princeton.— Interstate Commerce 
Commissioner. Born at Dayton, O., September 30, 1867 ; son of 
Edwin A. and Mary B. Daniels ; married at Montville, Conn., 
October 12, 1898, to Joan Robertson, daughter of Carmichael and 
Mary Clark Robertson, of Montville, Conn. 

Children : Robertson Balfour, born Aug. 6, 1900. 

Winthrop M. Daniels attended 
the public and private schools of 
Dayton, Ohio ; and, entering 
Princeton in 1884, obtained his 
A. B. degree in 1888. While 
doing graduate work in the Uni- 
versity he taught for two years 
in Princeton Preparatory School. 
Princeton awarded the A. M. de- 
gree to him in 1890. The same 
year he entered the University 
of Leipzig. In 1891 he was en- 
gaged as an Instructor in Eco- 
nomics at Wesleyan University 
in Middletown, Conn. In 1892 
he was called to Princeton Uni- 
versity and made Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Political Economy; 
and three years later he was 
elected Professor of Political 
Economy. He was still holduig 
this chair when, in 1911, Gov- 
ernor Wilson tendered him a place on the Puplic Utility Commission of 
New Jersev. He served on that board until Gov. Wilson, havmg become 

lis Davis 

President of the United States, nominated him to a place on the Interstate 
Commerce Commission. A vacancy had occured in the Commission ; and 
the origuial appointment was to All an unexpired term to end January 1st, 
1917. He was re-appc»inted for a full term and wan confirmed by the 
Senate in January, 1917. 

Commissioner Daniels served for several years as ad interim editorial 
writer on the staff of the New York Evening Post; and for three years 
as Secretary and Treasurer of the American Economic Association, He 
has published a volume entitled "Elements of Public Finance," and also 
various economic and literary studies for the periodical publications. 

Commissioner Daniels is a member of the Cosmos Club. Washington, 
D. C, and of the Transportation Club of Chicago ; and, though his official 
duties make a residence in Washington necessary, his home is still in 

J. WARREN DAVIS— Salem.— Jurist. Born in Elizabeth City, 
N. C.. March 14, 1S()7 ; son of John S. and Emma B. (Sawyer) 
Davis; married at Salem, on June 14, 1913, to Margaret N. Gay, 
daughter of Dr. William Gay, of Delaware County, Pa. 

Children : Mary Segrove, born November 15, 1915. 

J. Warren Davis, Judge of the United States District Court for the 
District of New Jersey has been conspicuous equally in politics and profes- 
sionally. He lived with his parents near Norfolk, Va., until 1889, when he 
went to Chester, Pa., to prepare at the Chester Academy for college. He 
sul)sequently attended Bucknell University at Lewisburg, Pa., and in 1896 
graduated from there. Thence he went to Crozer Theological Semuiary in 
Chester receivmg his diploma there in 1899. On the day of his graduation 
he was made Instructor in Hebrew and Greek m the Seminary and taught 
there for three years. Durmg the summer months of 1900 and 1901 he at- 
tended the University of Chicago ; and a year later became a student, at the 
University of Leipzig, of History and I'hilosophy. During his two years at 
Leipzig he also attended lectures at the LTniversities of Berlin. Halle and 
Gottingen. Upon his return to America he entered the law school of the 
University of Pennsylvania, taking his degree there ui 1906. 

Willi his brother, James M. Davis, he entered the law office of A. S. 
Ashbridge, Jr.. in Philadelphia ; and subsequently both became partners 
with Mr. Ashliridge. Mr. Davis had become a resident of Salem County 
this state in 19():> ; and m time the Philadelphia partnership was dissolved 
and tlie brothers entered upon the practice of law in Camden. 

Mr. Davis was elected to the New Jersey State Senate in the fall of 
the year in which Woodrow Wilson became Governor of New Jersey; and 
there he was the (iovernor's lieutenant in the promotion of the reform 
measures which the (iovernor submitted to the legislature. He was the 
sponsor for the bills regulating the cori)orations of the state, which became 
famous as the "Seven Sisters" ; and he was the advocate also of other 
progressive legislation that Governor AVilson urged. 



Upon his election to the PresichMiey of the IJuited States, Mr. Wilson 
named Senator Davis for United States District Attorney for the District 
of New Jersey. Because of the number of corporations that hold charters 
under the state laws, the district is one of the most important in the 
country. While District Attorney. Mr. Davis compelled the Jersey Central 
Railroad Company to pay a tine of .$2(tO.()()0 for violation of the law against 

rebating, and the Leheigh Coal 
and Navigation Company upon 
conviction was fined $100,000 for 
solicitmg and accepting rebates. 
The fine imposed on the Jersey 
Central was the largest ever 
paid by a railroad for rebat- 

In the crimmal branches of 
his work, he convicted sixteen 
noted yeggmen in one year and 
put a damper on the robberies 
of post-offices that had previous- 
ly been quite prevalent through- 
out the state. The oxygen ace- 
tylene gas flame which will melt 
the lock of any safe door within 
a mmute or two was first used 
by the yeggmen in one of these 

Upon the creation by Congress 
of a new Federal Judgeship in 
the District of New Jersey, President Wilson appointed Senator Davis 
Judge for this District, in May, 1016. 

THOMAS A. DAVIS— Orange, (252 Main Street )— Lawyer. 
Born at Orange, on Jan. 14th, 1871 ; son of Michael and Mary 
Davis ; married in Orange on November 25th, 1S06 to Mary Adele, 
daughter of Henry and Margaret (Cox) Jacobs. 

Children : Three sons and three daughters. 

Thomas A. Davis, whose father held the positions of alderman, free- 
holder and police justice, in Orange, acquired his education l)y attendance 
at the preparatory school of St. John's Church at ( )range. and the College 
of St. Francis Xavier, New York City. He then matriculated at the Metro- 
polis (late the University) Law School, and also received instruction for 
his profession of law mider the guidance of Yice-Chancellor Stevens, 
Edward M. Colie and Supreme Court Justice Swayze. He was admitted 
to the New Jersey Bar as an attorney in June. ISO", and as covniselor in 
June, 1808. In the same year that he was admitted to the Bar he formed 
a partnership with John L. Blake and William Bead Howe, of Orange, 



and the connection witli Mr. Howe has continued up to the present. Mr. 
Blake died about fifteen years ago, and the firm is now Howe & Davis. 

In May, 1908, Mr. Davis was appointed Coimty Judge of Essex county 
by Governor Fort, and he served until December, 1911, when he resigned 
because of the demand of his practice. He also served as City Counsel 
for Orange for a period of seven years, was a member of the Common 
Council of Orange for three years, was Village Counsel for South Orange 
for five years, and his firm is counsel for the Orange National Bank, the 
Half Dime Savings Bank, the Trust Company of Orange, and the Orange 
Valley Bank. He is also Supreme Court Commissioner and Special 
Master in Chancery. He keeps membership in the New Jersey State Bar 
Association and the Lawyers' Club of Essex Comity, and is also a mem- 
ber of the Essex County Country Club, the New England Society, and the 
Order of the Knights of Columbus. He is a member of St. Jolm's Roman 
Catholic Church. In June, 1909, Seton Hall College conferred on him 
the degree of LL. D. 

WILLL^M JEROME DAVIS— Harrison.— Lawyer. Born at 
Harrison, November, 1858; son of Hiram W. and Emma L. (Sand- 
ford) Davis. 

William J. Davis, President of the Hudson Coimty Park Commission, 
has been laiowu in Republican State councils for some years. He comes 

of a family that owned the 
farms on which East Newark 
and Arlington rest, and whose 
members were deep in the life 
of the commimity about them. 
His father, a member of the 
Hudson County Board of Free- 
holders, was mstrumental m 
establishing the free bridge 
across the Passaic that connects 
Hudson with Essex County, and 
had a large hand, too, in the 
erection of the Hudson county 
Penitentiary at Snake Hill. 

Mr. Davis's family on his 
father's side can trace its line 
away imck to Cedric in the 5th 
century, decorated later on with 
the names of Charlemagne and 
Frederick the Great. The first 
of whom there is any record in 
New Jersey is Jacobie Davis, 
whose son, Aaron, was born in 

Asbury (Hunterdon Co.) in October, 1775. Aaron was a cousin of Wm. 

Davis who owned the territory that is now the town of Arlington. His 

Dawson 121 

son, Mark W., grandfather of Wm. J. Davis, removed to Harrison and 
purchasing the farm on which Harrison has since been built, engaged in the 
cattle busmess and maintained a road house that was patronized by cattle 
drivers. Mark's sou, Hiram W. (Mr. Davis's father), reserving tlie home- 
stead, set the rest of the farm oft into building lots and devoted himself to 
his estate and to community affairs. 

Mr. Davis's mother traced her ancestry back to William the Conqueror. 
Their estate in England was confiscated by Parliament and Captain Sand- 
ford, then head of the family, came to Barbadoes, W. I. ; and afterwards 
settled in Union (N. J.) on a farm covering 5,000 acres of upland and 10,000 
acres of meadow land. The farm has since become the site of East 

William J. Davis's interests tlierefore centre largely in the towns m the 
west part of Hudson County, but at the same time necessarily branch out to 
the larger circle outside. He attended Hackettstown Semmary and gradu- 
ated from Yale College. He read law in the office of William Bruikerhoff, 
in Jersey City, and was admitted as attorney in 1884. He has woven his 
business mterests in with his law work ; was director of several of the 
Essex and Hudson Co. trolley companies before their absorption by the 
Public Service ; was one of the organizers, and is now the President, of the 
West Hudson Trust Company, and was President of the East Newauk Gas 
Light Co., and the Hudson Electric Light Co. until they too were taken up 
by the Public Service Corporation. 

In his public relations Mr. Davis is president of the Martin Tax Act 
Commission of Harrison and Kearny and a Sinking Fmid Commissioner 
there. At one of the times when the consolidation of the towns and cities 
in Hudson County into one mimicipality was mider consideration. Governor 
Yoorhees named him as one of the commissioners to consider and report 
upon the advisability of the consolidation. By Governor Fort's appohit- 
ment he served on the commission created to study the question of the 
taxation of trust and banking companies' stock and to report to the legisla- 

Mr. Davis organized the West Hudson County Trust Company, Harri- 
son, and has been President of the company since its organization. 

He was instrumental m securing passage of tlie act creatmg the Hud- 
son County Park Commission and was appointed by Judge John A. Blair, 
on June 23rd, 1903, one of the Commissioners. On May 20th, 1905, Mr. 
Davis was elected President of the Board and is still acting as President. 

Mr. Davis is also one of the Trustees of the Harrison Free Public 
Library and has been a memlier of the Sinking Fund Commission of the 
Town of Harrison for a number of years. He is a member of the Union 
League Club, Carteret Club and New York Press Club. 

IDA WHARTON DAWSON (Mrs. Heiiry HolUster Dawson) — 

Newark, (.692 High Street) and Avon by the Sea. — Social Worker. 
Born at Newark, daughter of John and Mary A. (. Green wald) 
Wharton ; married at Newark, on May 7, 1890, to Henry Hollister 

122 Dawson 

Dawson, son of Edwin Hicks and Julia (Hollister) Dawson, of 

Children : Mary, bcirn :Marc'li 3, 1899. 

Ida Wharton Dawson's activities are in the recent club and uplift 
movements of the state. She has been President of the New Jersey State 
Federation of Women's Clubs, and of the Contemporary Club of Newark, 
whose membership of 1.5(10 makes it one of the largest in the Federation of 
Women's (/lubs in the United States. She has been a Director hi the 
Bureau of Associated Charities, is now Vice President of the Women's 
Auxiliary of the Y. M. C. A. of Newark, and Secretary of the Women's 
Housing Association, and was one of the members of the Committee of 100 
in the Celebration in 191G of the 250th birthday of Newark. 

Mrs. Dawson is of English descent on her father's side and French on 
her mother's. The house in which the generations have been reared since 
1796 still stands on Kingsland street on the banks of the Yanticaw river, 
Nutley. The land on which it stands was part of a grant made in 1668 
to Major Nathaniel Kingsland of The Barbadoes. His West India products 

weie sent to the New York mar- 
kets ; and his sea-faring associ- 
ates brought back such glowing 
stories of New Jersey's richness 
in soil and scenic beauty, that 
he asked for a grant of land in 
what is now the Nvitley region, 
and it was given to him. The 
old homestead was built by a 
nephew of his m 1796 ; and, 
modernized with later day con- 
veniences, was occupied by his 
descendents until after the open- 
ing of this century. A grand- 
mother of Mrs. Dawson, helped 
to start the first Sunday School 
opened in New" York City. 

Mrs. Dawson was educated in 
the public schools and at Hough- 
ton Seminary, in Clinton, N. Y. 
I'pon leaving school she began 
civic work by joining the Newark 
Female Charitable Society's 
Board of Managers. She organized its Registration Department and was 
a member of its building Committee when it began its industrial relief 
work. In the Bureau of Associated Charities, she was Chairman of its 
District Conference and organized and was President of its Friendly Visi- 
tors Conference, where the problems of poverty, their cause and cure, were 
worked out for the first time in Newark. 

Mrs. Dawson has l)een Recording Secretary of the General Federation 
of Women's Clubs, numbering two millions in memliership ; and compiled 
and edited the report of the official proceedhigs of its tenth Biennial Con- 


Dawsou VS.i 

veiitioii. As President of the New Jersey State Federation of Women's 
Clubs she re-organized the Federation as to methods and departments of 
work; and as President of The Contemporary organized its civic work. 
One result was the (iirls' Industrial School in Newark which has since been 
taken imder the wing of the City Board of Education. The Industrial 
School is designed to meet tlie needs of girls leaving the grammar schools 
to enter Industrial life. Several hundred women were trained in civic 
work, through this civic department of The Contemporary while Mrs. Daw- 
sou was President. The Women's Housing Association opened the first ho- 
tel in Newark for workmg girls, known as the Caroline, and has entire 
charge of it still. It is conducted on a purely business basis and not as a 
philanthropy. In her work as Vice President of the Women's Auxiliary of 
the Y. M. C. A. of Newark she is especially interested in mothers meetings 
where home training for the young is considered ; and as a member of the 
Newark Celebration Committee of 100 she rendered assistance on its His- 
torical and Literary sub-Committee. 

Mrs. Dawson is also a former President of the Sesame (Women's) Club 
which was one of the two clubs fomiding The Contemporary. She is deeply 
interested in church work. Avon ))y the Sea is her summer home. 

WILLIAM J.\MES DAWSON— Newark. (1028 F>road Street.) — 
Clergyman and Author. Born in Towcester, Northamptonshire, 
England, November 21st, 1S54 ; son of Rev. William James and 
Susan (Waller) Dawson; married to Jane Powell, of Lowestoft. 
Eng., m September, 1879. 

William J. Dawson was educated at Kmgswood School, Bath, and 
Didsbury College,''Mauchester, on leaving which in 1875 he became a Wes- 
leyan minister, bemg for some time the pastor of John Wesley's Chapel m 
City Road, London, and holding various other pastorates in England and 
Scotland. He first visited America in ISOI, as a delegate to the Aecumenical 
Council of the Methodist Church. In 1892 he became the minister of the 
Highltury Quadrant Congregational Church, one of the largest churches in 
London, in which pastorate he remained until 1904. Lecturmg during this 
period, the largest public buildings in the country often proved inadequate 
for the crowds that sought to hear him. 

In 1904 he visited this country for the second time, holding a .series 
of services in Plymouth Church, Brooklyn. The mterest aroused by these 
services resulted m a call for similar services from other parts of the 
United States. The sermons preached in Brooklyn were printed verbatim 
day by day in the "Brooklyn Eagle," and were afterwards republished in 
his "The Evangelistic Note." He returned to the States in 1905 for a 
prolonged preaching tour. 70.000 persons hearing him in the first six weeks. 
The enthusiasm of his reception determuied him to settle in the United 
States, and in 1906 his family joined him, taking up their residence at 
Taunton, Mass. He continued his travels until 1911, when he began to 
preach in the Old First Church. Newark, as stated supply, becoming, iu 
1912 the settled pastor. He has taken a gi-eat pride ui the old Church, 



whose origin is coincident with the settlement of the city ; and on the oc- 
casion of the City's 250th Anniversary Celebration, delivered the Founders' 
Day Oration and represented the Protestant Churches of the city in the 
great united memorial service held in Weequahic Park. 

Dr. Dawson's work as an author is large and various. His first volume 
was poetry, published in 1884, "A Vision of Souls." This was followed by 
a volume of literary and critical essays, "Quest and Vision," published in 
1886. His first novel, "The Redemption of Edward Strahan," published in 

the following year, won the 
praise of Mr. Gladstone. Since 
then he has published many 
novels, the best known of which 
are "A Prophet in Babylon," 
"Judith Boldei-o" and "Master- 
man and Son." His trilogy of 
books on literature, "The Mak- 
ers of Modern English, Poetry, 
Fiction and Prose," is his best 
known work. It was commenced 
twenty-five years ago, has had 
a wide sale, and has been often 
used as a text-book on modern 
literature. His "Readers' Libra- 
ry," prepared in conjunction 
with his son, Coningsby Daw- 
son, containing A'olumes on the 
Great English Letter-Writers, 
Novelists, Essayists, etc., may 
be considered as a companion 

Dr. Dawson's contribution to 
religious literature includes several volumes of sermons, devotional volumes 
such as "The Forgotten Secret" and "The Empire of Love ;" and a "Life 
of Christ," which tells the story of Jesus from the human point of view, its 
original title in the English edition being, "The Man Christ Jesus." In his 
latest volume, — "America and Other Poems" — published since his settle- 
ment in Newark, he has returned to poetry. He is also the editor of "The 
American Hymnal," which is used in the First Church at Newaiii, and in 
many of the leading Churches of the country. It contains several original 
hymns by Dr. Dawson. 

Dr. Dawson's eldest son, Coningsby Dawson, with whom he has colla- 
borated in some of his productions, is author of the novels, "The Garden 
without Walls," "The Raft" and "Slaves of Freedom." 

EDITH BARNARD DELANO— East Orange, (9 Webster Place.) 
Author. Born in Washington, D. C, daughter of William Theodore 



and Emma J. (Thomas) Barnard; married in 1908, to James De- 
lano, son of James and Elizabeth R. Delano, of New Bedford, Mass. 

Edith Barnard Delano, besides being active in the book world, is a con- 
tributor to the leading magazines and the author of several feature photo- 
plays. Much of her work is done in Deerfield, Mass., where she spends 
her summers. Her grandfather, Theodore Barnard, one of the founders 
of the Associated Press, was the only one of her grand-parents of New 
England origin ; the others were from Maryland and Virginia. Dr. William 

T. Barnard, her father, built the 
first Chicago elevated railroad ; 
in connection with the B. & O. 
Railroad, originated the travel- 
ing library idea, and introduced 
into this country the first sys- 
tem of employees relief. 

Mrs. Delano was educated 
mostly by governesses, and at 
Bryn Mawr Preparatory School 
in Baltimore, where a large part 
of her girlhood was passed. Her 
first story was writteu in the 
summer of 1904, and sold to the 
Woman's Home Companion. 
Since then she has been a hard 
worker with the pen. 

Besides her contributions to 
the leading magazines for twelve 
years she has written the fol- 
lowing books : "Zebedee V." 
1912; "The Laud of Content," 
1913 ; "The Colonel's Experiment," 1913 ; "Rags," 1915 ; "When Carey Came 
to Town," 1916; "Jmie," a story for girls, 1916; "To-morrow Morning," a 
1917 serial in the Ladies' Home Journal, to be published by Houghton 
Mifflin Company m October, 1917. 

Those of Mrs. Delano's photoplays already produced were filmed by the 
Famous Players Film Company, featurmg Mary Pickford, Marguerite Clark, 
Hazel Dawn and Marie Doro, and are "Rags" ; "The Heart of Jennifer" ; 
"The White Pearl"; "Still AVaters" ; and "Hulda from Holland." "The 
White Pearl" was also novelized by a collaborator, upon Mrs. Delano's 
photoplay of the same title. 

Mrs. Delano is a member of the Southern Society of the Oranges, the 
Authors' League of America and the Vigilantes, the latter an association 
of authors and artists. 

MILTON DEMAREST — Hackensack, (78 Main Street) — 
Jurist. Born in Middletown, Rockland Co., N. Y., Jiuie 8, 1855; 
son of John C. and Isabella (Taulman) Demarest; married at 
Hackensack on December 15, 1880 to Carrie W. Christie, daughter 

126 Demarest 

of Juuatliau S. and Charlotte (Beemer) Cliristie of Hackensack ; 
2ud to Adaline B. Christie, widow of Walter Christie and daughter 
of Albert Bogert and Ellen Flearabaum Bogert, of Westwood. 

Children : Charlotte, born May 3, 1888 ; Carrie I., born June 
10, 181K): Edith, born November 14, 1891. 

Milton Demarest was for some years the Presiding Judge t»f the Ber- 
gen Comity Courts, and is the President of the Hackensack Improvement 
Commission, the governing body of the city. His family of Huguenot 
origm, is one of the oldest in America. From Middletown his parents 
went to New York, and, settling later in Xyack. he acquired his early 
education there. When the family subsequently settled in Hackensack 
he attended the Hackensack Academy, of which Prof. William Williams 
was the head. Early in his school life he picked the law for his iirofes- 
siou and meanwhile maintained himself by work in an upholstery estab- 
lishment. He was admitted in 1877 as an attorney, and became a coun- 
selor iu 1880. His brother-in-law. Walter Christie was his business 
partner during the year 1879 ; and, practicing alone then until "94, he 
entered into partnership with Abram De Baun. and the partnership has 
since continued. 

While practicing alone he began to participate in public affairs, and 
from 1894 to 1908 was a member of the local Board of Education, its 
President during the last seven of the fourteen years. He was Comisel 
for the town from 1897 to 1904 and in 1906 his law firm succeeded to 
the duties of the position. He was made the Judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas and Orphans Court by Gov. Fort in 1908. and sat on 
that bench until Woodrow Wilson became Governor. Gov. Wilson being 
a democrat and Judge Demarest a republican, he gave way iu April, 1913, 
to William M. Seufert. He had scarcely stepped from the bench when, 
on January 1, 1915, he assumed the duties of President of the Hacken- 
sack Improvement Commission, the governing body of Hackensack, and 
was re-elected hy the comltined vote of the repulilican and democratic 
parties iu 1916. 

Judge Demarest is a member of the Holland Society of New York 
City by right of descent, and in 1904-'0o was a Vice President of the 
Society for Bergen Comity. The Bergen County Branch of the Holland 
Society in New York owes its organization to his initiation, and he was 
its first President. He is a meudier of the First Reformed Church of 
Hackensack and served at one time as the Superintendent of the Smiday 
School. He is a member also of the Pioneer Lodge, No. 70, F. & A. M., 
and of Bergen County Lodge, No. 73, I. O. O. F., and one of the trustees 
of the Unit)!! League Club of Bergen Co. 

College President. Born at Hudson. N. Y.. on May 12. 1863; 
son of David D. and Catharine L. (Nevius) Demarest; un- 

Wm. H. S. Demarest is President of Rutgers College. Since 1864 the 
Scientific School of the College has been the State College for the benefit 



of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts. The 11)17 Legishiture named it the 
State I'niversity of New Jersey. Dr. Demarest is the tirst alumnus of the 
college to become its President. Ancestrally his connection with tlie college 
is almost co-extensive with its history. His mother is the daughter of 
James Schureman Nevius. who was a Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
State of New Jersey just before the middle of the last century ; and Iier 
great grandfather. John Schureman, a Judge and member of the legisla- 
ture, was a member of the College Board of Trustees from 1782 to 17!>r>. 
Dr. Demarest's great grandfather, the Rev. Henry Polhemus, was trustee 

from 1800 to 1816; and his ma- 
ternal grandfather was a trus- 
tee from 182;") until 1S."),S. for 
five years beginning in l.S2ri Sec- 
retary of the Board. The Rev. 
David D. Demarest, D.D.. L.L.D., 
Dr. Demarest's fatlier, was, for 
thirty-three years, Profess'or of 
Pastoral Theology and Sacred 
Rhetoric in the Xew Briuiswick 
Theological Seminary ; and Dr. 
Demarest himself has served as 
a Trustee since 1899 and was 
the Board's Secretary from 1904 
to 19(»(i. Thus his family has 
been identified with the history 
of the college for nearly a cen- 
tury and a quarter. 
President Demarest's boyhood 
and .voung manhood were spent 
in Xew Brunswick : and. havuig 
graduate<l in 1879 from the col- 
lege grammar school, he entered 
Rutgers College as a student. At the commencement exercises in 1883 he 
was first honor man. He taught in the college grammar school for two 
years, and entered the Theological Seminary, graduating in 1888. Licensed 
by the (lassis of New Brmiswick to preach, he was ordained by the Classis 
of Orange, and Iiecame Pastor of the Reformed Churches in Walden. N. Y. 
(1888 to 1897) and Catskill. N. Y. (1897 to 1901). In 1901 the General 
Synod elected him Professor of Ecclesiastical History and Church Govern- 
ment in the New^ Brunswick Theological Seminary. He continued in this 
professorship for five years ; he was also, during the last of the five. Acting 
President of the College. The Trustees formally elected him President on 
February 8, 1906: and. iji the Jmie following, his inauguration took place 
in the pre.sence of a notable assembly of Alumni and friends. 

Rutgers conferred the degree of Doctor of Divinity on Dr. Demarest 
in 1901 and New York University in 1916. In 1910 he received the LL. D. 
degree from Columbia University, in 1911 from Union College and in 1912 
from the University of Pittsburg. 

Dr. Demarest is a member of the University Club of New York, of the 

128 Dennis 

Huguenot Society, the Holland Society, the Japan Society and of the Delta 
Phi Fraternity. 

ALFRED LEWIS DENNIS— Newark, (25 James Street) — 
Broker. Born Newark, October 26, 1857 ; son of Martin Ryerson 
and Josephine (Rose) Dennis. 

Alfred Lewis Dennis is a member of the firm of Post & Flagg, mem- 
bers of the New York Stock Exchange, and has been the resident partner 
in charge of the Newark Branch since 1894. His ancestry m direct and 
collateral lines reaches back to the settlement of this country in the 
seventeenth century. John Howland, John Tilley and Elizabeth Tilley, 
who landed with the Pilgrims, on the "Mayflower" at Plymouth, Mass. in 
1620, were his forbears on this side of the seas. His father was the son 
of Ezekiel and Mary Baldwin Dennis of Newton ; son of Jesse and Ann 
Schooley Dennis, of Wantage, (Sussex Co.) ; son of Joseph and Hannah 
Lewis Dennis, of Quakertown, Bucks County, Pa. ; son of Joseph, of 
Cohansey, (N. J.) ; son of Jonathan and Rachel Moore Dennis, of Wood- 
bridge ; son of Robert Dennis, of Yarmouth, Mass. 

Alfred L. Dennis was educated at the Newark Academy and was 
graduated from Princeton University with the class of 1879. After fin- 
ishing his course at the Universitj', he entered the firm of Martin R. 
Dennis & Co., bankers and general brokers. Outside of business he has 
taken an active interest in musical affairs and has done much to cultivate 
the taste of the community and encourage native talent. He is a mem- 
ber of the board of directors of the Newark Symphony Orchestra and 
Treasurer of the Newark Music Festival Association. He is also Presi- 
dent of the Playfellows, an amateur comedy club, a director of the Dennis 
Library at Newton, and of the Martin Dennis Company of Newark, one 
of the trustees of the First Presbyterian Church, and a member of the 
Sussex County Comitry Club at Newton. 

LABAN W. DENNIS— Newark.— Manufacturer. Born Fulton, 
Mo., April 7, 1858; son of Isaiah and Caroline (Van Winkle) 
Dennis; married at Newark, December 5. 1883, to Eliza Willis 
Morton, daughter of James Morton of Matawan. 

Children: Dorothy Dennis, born July 19, 1895. 

Laban W. Dennis is Treasurer of the George Brown & Company 
on Passaic Street, Newark. In his early boyhood he lived with his 
parents in Jersey City and attended the schools there from 1866 to 
1870. He was afterwards tutored at S. A. Farrand's Private School in 
New York and took a course in business at the New Jersey Business 

Dennis 129 

Mr. Dennis is a member of the Down Town Club and of the Union 
Clul), both of Newark. 

SAMUEL SHEPAKD DExXNIS-Morristown, (Miller Road.)- 
Trustee and Director. Born in Newark, September 11, 1S52 ; son 
of Alfred Lewis and Eliza (Shepard) Dennis; married Eliza 
Thomas, daughter of Richard S. and Helen (Naylor) Thomas of 
Chicago, on April 15, 1884. 

Children : Helen Ewing, Dorothy and James Shepard. 

Mr. Dennis received his preparatory education at Phillips Academy 
Andover, Mass. He entered Yale, class of 1874. but was obliged to with- 
draw on account of ill health. He traveled extensively in Europe and the 
Orient, and on his return became connected with the hardware firm of 
GifEord & Beach of New York. He retired in 1880 to give attention to his 
father's estate. 

Mr. Dennis is President of the Howard Savmgs Institution of Newark- 
Vice-President of the United New Jersey Railroad and Canal Companv ' 
Director of the Chicago Jmiction Railways and Union Stockvards Com- 
pany, the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad Companv, 
the Morris and Essex Railroad Company, the Pennsvlvania Tunnel and 
Terminal Railroad Company, the Harrison and East Newark Connecting 
Railroad Company, the American Insurance Company, the Prudential In- 
surance Company of America and of The National Newark Bankmg Com- 
pany ; Trustee of the Syrian Protestant College of Beirut, Syria, and of 
the Dennis Library of Newton, (N. J.), and a member of the Societv of 
the Cincinnati, New -Jersey^ Historical Society, The Washington Association 
(Morristown), Century, Union, Down Town (New York) Clubs. He is a 
Republican and an Episcopalian. 

Mr. Dennis' family can be traced back in the maternal line through 
eight generations to Governor William Bradford of the Mavflower and the 
Plymouth Colony, and on his father's side to English Quakers who came 
over m the early colonial times and settled in Easton, Pa. They subse- 
quently moved to Northern New Jersey. 

Mr. Dennis's ofl^ce is at No. 768 Broad Street, Newark. 

BELLE DE RIVERA— Mountain Lakes.— Women's Clubs. Born 
at Philadelphia, Pa., on March 15, 1848 ; daughter of Henry S. and 
Isabel (Patton) Camblos ; married at New York Citv, on Feb. 
7th, 1877, to John de Rivera. 

Children: Henriette, married to Henry Loney, of New York. 

Belle de Rivera was instrumental m organizing the New York City 
Federation of Women's Clubs and is now honorary President for life of the 



Federation. Tlie General and State Federation had already been organ- 
ized, but there was no Federation of the Womens Clubs in New York City 
until Mrs. de Rivera undertook the task of consolidating them. She was 
the first President of the new local Federation and served for two terms 

of two years each. It was in 
recognition of her services that 
the Federation created the title 
of Founder for her and made 
her honorary President for life. 
Mrs. de Rivera has interested 
herself in the Women Suffrage 
movement and in movements for 
the improvement of the condi- 
tion of the working girls. She 
assisted in the establishment of 
the workmg girls hotel on West 
22nd street, New York City and 
was President of the Board of 
Directors for seven years after 
its foundation. 

Mrs. de Rivera is of French 
and Scotch ancestry and was 
educated at the Emma Willard 
Seminary, in Troy, N. Y. Her 
father served for three years in 
the Civil War ; and upon his re- 
turn from the army the family 
moved from Philadelphia to New York City, where Mrs. de Rivera lived 
\nitil 1912 when she purchased property at Mountain Lakes to make her 
home in New Jersey. There she has organized and was first President of 
the Womens Club of Mountain Lakes. 

Mrs. de Rivera is a Director of the Daughters of Pennsylvania, honor- 
ary member of the Government Club, Le Lyceum and of the Minerva Club, 
President of the New York Theatre Club and a member of the Society for 
Political Study, the Current Events Club, Post Parliament, (N. Y.), Equal 
Suffrage League, Society of New York State Women and of the Emma Wil- 
lard Association. 

DIEHL— See Rossi-Diehl. 

JOHN A. DILLON— Newark, (91 Washington Street.)— Clergy- 
man. Born in Lamington, Somerset Co., in 1S78 ; son of Thomas 
Dillon and Ellen Sullivan. 

John A. Dillon (Rev.) is Superintendent of the Parish Schools of the 
Newark Diocese and National President of the Parish School Department 
of the Catholic Educational Association. 

The Rev. Father Dillon received his early training in St. Patrick's 



School, Elizabeth, and took his collef,'e course at Seton Hall College, South 
Orange, graduating in 1S99. He was ordained to the priesthood September 
20, 1902, one year before the completion of his course in theology and ap- 
pointed Head Master of Bayley Hall, the preparatory institution connected 
with Seton Hall. He was elected Vice President of Seton Hall at the com- 
pletion of his year's term as 
Head Master. This was followed 
in 1908 by two years of parish 
work at St. Mary's, Elizabeth. 

At this time the Diocesan 
authorities decided to appoint 
a Superintendent of the Pa- 
rochial School system, and re- 
membermg Father Dillon's work 
at Seton Hall, selected him for 
the office. The school system 
of the Diocese has been organ- 
ized mider his supervision and 
developed to its present degree 
of efficiency. His annual reports 
as Superintendent are valued 
by educators for their interest- 
ing grouping of statistics and 
for their progressive educational 
suggestions. There are now un- 
der Dr. Dillon's care as Super- 
intendent, one hundred and thir- 
ty one schools with an enroll- 
ment of sixty three thousand 
The Catholic Educational Association has twice selected Supt. Dillon 
National President of the Parish School Department and member of the 
General Executive Board of the Association. 

As a lecturer Father Dillon is much in demand on religious, education- 
al and social topics. In recognition of his educational work Seton Hall 
conferred on him the honorary degree of LL. D. at the commencement, 

WILLIAM FREDERICK DIX— East Orange, (59 Washington 
Street) — Author, Editor, Financier. Born in Newark, November 
IS, 1867 ; son of John Edwin and Mary Fisher Joy Dix ; married 
Jime 2, 1900 to Mary Alice Tennille, daughter of William Alexander 
Tennille and Clara Tuttle Tennille, of East Orange. 

Children : Tennille, Alison Joy and Norman Brooke. 

William Frederick Dix is Secretary of the Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany of New York, Governor National Institute of Efficiency, Deputy 
Governor General Society of Colonial Wars in the State of New Jersey, 

132 Donges 

Chairman Board of Interuational Hospitality, Deputy Governor of the New 
Jersey Order Society of Founders and Patriots, and Major in the Home 
Defense League New York Police Reserve. He is a member of the Authors 
Club. N. Y. ; Westhamptou Country Club, L. I. ; Orange Lawn Tennis Club, 
Glenwood Tennis Club and Crystal Lake Skatuig Club. 

After graduatmg from the Berkeley School, New York City, he entered 
Princeton, graduating with honors in English in 1S89. He spent the next 
three years in travel, visiting almost every country in Europe, Algiers, 
Tunis. Egypt, Nubia, the Holy Land, Asia Mmor, Greece, Bulgaria, Servia, 
Roumania, India, Burma, Ceylon, Singapore, Cochin China, China, Japan 
and the western part of the United States. 

Later he became Literary Editor of "The Churchman," New York and 
a contributor of fiction, verse and travel articles to "The Century," "Out- 
look," "Independent," "McClures," and other magazmes. In 1900 with 
the late William B. Howland he took over the old "Home Journal" and 
developed it into "Town and Country." After the insurance investigations 
he went in with the reform administration of the Mutual Life and has 
been secretary of that company ever since. 

He is the author of "The Face m the Girandole," a romance of old 
furniture ; "The Lost Princess," a novel, and "Dapluie of the Forest," also 
a novel. 

He was at one time a Trustee of Adelphi College and chairman of 
the Managing Committee of the National Security League. 

Mr. Dix is the eighth generation of Dix in this country. His first 
American ancestor on his paternal side was Edward Dix who came here 
from England in 1655. In the same year his first maternal ancestor, 
Thomas Joy settled in New England. Thomas Joy was a member of the 
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Boston, and the architect of 
the first public building erected in Massachusetts, which stood on the site 
of the present Boston State House, and which was destroyed by fire in 

Mr. Dix's brother, Edwin Asa Dix, the author of "Deacon Bradbury" 
and other novels of New England life, died in 1911. 

The summer home of Mr. Dix and his family is "Windward," West- 
hamptou, Long Island. 

RALPH W. E. DONGES— Camden.— Lawyer. Born at Donald- 
son, Penn., May 5, 1S75 ; son of John W. and Rose M. (Renaud) 

Ralph W. E. Donges has long been active in the Democratic politics 
of the southern part of New Jersey. He is now a member of the State 
Board of Public Utilities Commissioners which, by an act of 1910, replaced 
the old State Board of Railroad Commissioners. His father was of German 
blood; his mother was born in Audincourt, France. He was educated in 
the public schools of Camden mitil 1887 when he was privately tutored 
by Edward Roth and prepared for the Rugby Academy which he entered 
iu 1889 and from which he graduated in 1892. 



He studied law in the office of J,.ln. W. Wescott, now Attorney General 
Of the State, was admitted as an attorney in February, 1897 and three 
years later became a coiuiselor. Since his admission he has de^•oted him- 
self to the practice of the law in Camden and interested himself as well 
in the civil and political life of that part of the state 

Enlistmg in the Third Regiment N. G. N. J., he was made Second 
Lieutenant of Company C in 1900, First Lieutenant in 1902 Battalion 
Adjutant m 1903 and was Quartermaster of the Third regiment with 
rank of Captain from 1905 to 1913. 

For some years Mr. Donges was Vice Chairman of the Auxilliarv State 
Committee, and he was a delegate to all of the latest Democratic state 

conventions. At the Baltimore 
National Convention of 1912 he 
labored for the nomination of 
President Wilson and spoke m 
a number of States during the 
campaign. He was a delegate 
to the Democratic Convention 
at St. Louis in 1916 that re- 
nominated the President. Gov- 
ernor Wilson named him to 
serve on the Board of Public 
I^tility Commissioners. When 
he took his seat on the Board 
May 1st, 1913, his colleagues 
made him its President. 

Mr. Donges service on the 
Public Utility Commission has 
covered a period when its work 
has I>eeii largely pioneer. New 
Jersey utilities present every 
phase of problem that regula- 
tion is likely to encounter; and 
Mr. Donges has participated in 
proceedings involving the fixing of rates and establishment of standards 
of service of many companies, aiotably the Hackensack Water Co., the 
Tinton Manor Water Co., the Clayton-Glassboro Water Co., Wildwood 
Water Works Co., the Trenton and Mercer Comity Traction Co., the New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania Tracticm Co., Newton Gas and Electric Co., Pemi- 
sylvania Railroad Co., Philadelphia and Reading Railway Co., Atlantic 
City Railroad Co., West Jersey and Seashore Railroad Co., New York 
Telephone Co.. Delaware and Atlantic Telephone Co., Public Service Elec- 
tric Co.. and many others. In these varied activities he has aided in 
establishmg a body of effective constructive precedents. Uniform systems 
of accounting for all classes of utilities, uniform standards for service by 
all, and careful and systematic inspections of utility properties, includmg 
bridges, locomotives and railroad equipments, have been inaugurated : and 
the grade crossing problem has been advanced towards solution by a 
systematic and progressive plan. 

Among the organizations of which Mr. Donges is a member are various 



Masonic bodies, the Red Men, ElliS, Loyal Order of Moose, of wliieli lie is 
a Past Supreme Dictator and now Mooseheart Governor, and the Hepta- 
sophs; and he is a member also of the Army and Navy Club and the Na- 
tional Democratic Club of New York City, the Rose Tree Fox Hunting 
Club, Manufacturers Club of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Society of Fine 
Arts, American Society of Political and Social Science, National Geograi)h- 
ical Society, and Camden Board of Trade, and is President of Camden 
Council of Boy Scouts and Commander of Srd Regiment Veteran OflScers 

FREDERICK W. DONNELLY— Trenton.— Merchant, Mayor. 
Born in Trenton, on October 14, 1866 ; son of Richard A. and 
Susan (Davisson) Donnelly; married at Trenton, on January 25, 
1895, to Eliza Woolman Lukens, daughter of Mary Stockham 
Lukens, of Bucks County, Pa. 

Children : Frederick S. ; Katherme E. ; Helen E. 

Frederick W. Donnelly is Mayor of Trenton, under the new Commis- 
sion system of rule the city adopted in the summer of 1911. Mr. Donnelly 
was one of the early advocates of the Commission plan for New Jersey. 

A leader in the campaign for 
its adoption in Trenton and 
elected as high man in the first 
Commission Government elec- 
tion held in the city, he was 
named as Mayor when the Com- 
mission organized in August, 
1911. In the canvass for new 
Commissioners in 1915 he was 
high man again and made Mayor 
for another term. His election 
as Mayor brings to the Donnelly 
family, the unique distinction 
of establishing the only prece- 
dent in Trenton where the 
father and son have served the 
city as its Chief Executive. His 
father, Quartermaster General 
Richard A. Donnelly was Mayor 
from 1884 to 1886. 

The Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company was planning to build 
a bridge across the Delaware 
river at the southern extremity of Trenton, at the time of Mayor Don- 
nelley's first election. The Mayor made opposition on the ground that the 
construction of the large railroad span at that point would effectually 
"bottle up" the Trenton harbor and practically vitiate all the improve- 
ments that had been made m the river channel and in the city's water- 
front. After he had carried the controversy even into the halls of Con- 

Doremus 135 

gress, the Penusylvania Railroad Company not only changed the proposed 
location of the structure to a point nearly two miles farther down the 
river but in addition granted to the City of Trenton more than a million 
dollars worth of concessions, such as new canal l>ridges, dedicated lands 
for park purposes and improved crossing and water termhial facilities. 

Mayor Donnelly received his early education in the Trenton Public 
Schools and the State Model School. Later he attended the Episcopal 
School at Burlmgton, and prepared for a business career at A. J. liider's 
Busmess College in Trenton. At the age of seventeen he obtained a posi- 
tion with a New York wholesale clothing concern, following the vocation 
of a traveling salesman for several years. On his return to Trenton, he 
assumed the management of the store of his father, and a few years later 
established the business of which he is now the head. 

Mr. Donnelly has long been an enthusiastic supporter of waterway 
projects and is often referred to as the "Father of New Jersey Water- 
ways." He is President of the Trenton-Philadelphia-Xew York Deeper 
Waterways Association, which he organized; President of the New .Jersey 
Rivers and Harbors Congress; Vice President of the National Rivers and 
Harbors Congress ; and Vice President and one of the charter members of 
the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association. He was President of the 
New Jersey Ship Canal Commission, which formulated the origmal plans 
for the trans-state canal. When the Trenton Harbor Board was in ex- 
istence, Mayor Donnelly was its president also. He is likewise President 
of New Jersey League of Municipalities. 

He has written and lectured extensively on governmental reforms and 
his two treatises on "Securing Efficient Administration mider the Commis- 
sion Plan" have gained wide circulation. He has also written many arti- 
cles on the subjects of improved mland waterways and transportation. 

Mayor Donnelly is a member of the Masonic Order, Scottish Rites, 
Crescent Temple; Sous of Veterans; Patriotic Sons of America; Wood- 
men of America; B. P. O. E. ; I. O. O. M. ; National Union; Forresters; 
Eagles; American Academy of Political and Social Science; the National 
Municipal League and the American Civic Association. Trenton Country, 
Engineers, Canoe, Yacht and Rotary Clubs. He worships at Trmity Episco- 
pal Church. 

HENRY M. DOREMUS—Newark, (294 Mt. Prospect Avenue) — 
Builder and Contractor. Born at Jacksonville, (N. J.), May 23, 
1851 ; son of Peter G. Doremus and Susauah Doremus ; married at 
Newark, September 22, 1S75 to Phoebe Baldwin, daughter of 
Nelson M. and Mary Stacy Baldwin. 

Children : Nelson B., born Jmae 13, 1876. died Sept. 6, 1809 : Mary 
S., born Oct. 6, 1880, (Mrs. Hugh M. Hart;) Mmison G., born Sept. 
14, 1882, married Bessie, daughter of Joseph Ward, Jr. ; Julia, 
born December 12th, 1887. (Mrs. Chester W. Fairlie) ; Gertrude, 
born Nov. 4, 1892, (Mrs. Edward H. Eisele). 

The city of Paterson rests largely on the farm of Cornelius Doremus, 
a lineal descendant of Henry M. Doremus, accpiired from the old East 

lot; Dorrance 

Jersey I'lciprit'tors. At that time Patersoii was a part of Bergen County; 
and the Doremuses were widely scattered through that and Passaic coun- 
ties, and throughout Morris county into which the family overflowed. 

Henry M. Doremus was born in an old homestead in Jacksonville, in 
Morris county, built two centuries ago and still standing— a fine old his- 
toric land mark, on a handsome estate covering 700 acres. He was obliged 
to walk many miles every day to the school he attended ; the exercise de- 
veloped the robust physique that fitted him to endure the activities of his 
later life. When he was seventeen he was apprenticed to a carpenter in 
Newark, and fourteen years later went into business for himself. 

Mr. Doremus is a republican and for forty years has been a member 
of the Kepublican County Committee. He was sent to the House of Assem- 
bly in 1885 from the district embracing the 8th and 11th wards. He in- 
terested himself especially m the veterans of the Civil War ; and it was 
chiefly through his efforts that the act for the establishment of the Sol- 
diers Home at Kearny became a law. At his home on Mt. Prospect Ave- 
nue, Newark, hangs the resolution of thanks the grateful men of the Grand 
Army presented to him for his efforts in their Itehalf. 

Back in his early days Mr. Doremus was persuaded to offer himself 
as a sacrifice for his party by accepting the republican nomination for 
Sheriff at a time when it was Imown the candidate faced sure defeat, and 
he was not disappointed when he fomid he had failed of election. Later, 
however — in 1896 when the party prospects were better — he was given a 
nomination that was equivalent to an election and served as the Sheriff of 
the county vmtil 1899. In 1902 his party drafted him as its candidate for 
Mayor and at the expiration of his term he was put in the field for a 
second term and was again successful. He was a member of the State 
Coniinittee and also the County Committee in the campaign of 1888, in 
wliich Benjamin Harrison defeated the re-election of Governor Cleveland 
to the Pi-esidency of the United States. 

Besides having served in company D, of the Second Regiment N. G. 
S. N. J., Mr. Doremus is treasurer and director in the Franklin Savings 
Institution and the Fidelity Trust Company, both of Newark. He is a 
member of the Newark Board of Trade, and was one of the members of 
the Board's Committee that made an exhaustive investigation into the 
(inestion of the abandonment of its water-way function, by the Morris 
Canal Company. The Committee researches and report had a visiltle effect 
upon the discussions on the subject that were stirring the state at the time. 
He is connected too with Northern Lodge 23 F. and A. M. ; is a Royal Arch 
Mason, a member of Damascus Coiiimandery, Knights Templar, and of the 
Ancient Arabic Order, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 

JOHN THOMPSON DORRANCE— <'am(len. (?>2 N. Front St.) 
Manufacturer. Born at Bristol, Pa., November 11th, 1873; son of 
John and Eleanor (Thompson) Dorrance; married at Baltimore, 
Md.. August 18th, 1900. to Ethel Mallinckrodt, daughter of Louis 
AV. and Fkirence Kelsey Mallinckrodt. 

I)(iir;iiioe l;!7 

Children: Elinor, born November ll'tli, ltK)S ; Ethel Mallinck- 
rodt, born July 17th, IfKM) ; Charlotte Kelsey, boi-n Kith, 
1911, and Margaret Winifred, born October IStli, 11)1,"). 

Napoleon said "An army marches on its stomach." And one of our 
own wise men declares that "The men who feed the nation make the 
nation." In fact, ever since the time when Joseph mastered the Egyptians 
by feeding them, the able food conservators of any comitry have been 
comited among its national figures. 

Dr. John T. Dorrance, President of the Joseph Campbell Company, 
makers of Campbell's Soups, is head of one of the leading food industries 
of the world, an industry largely of his own creation. 

As a youth he attended Rugby Academy, Philadelphia; then entered 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the famous "Boston Tech," 
where he took his B. S. in 189;-). Going abroad, he studied at the University 

of Gottingen, (Jermany, and 
graduated with the degree of 
Ph.D. in 1897. 

Returning to America, he 
jomed the Joseph Campbell 
Compan.v, of Camden, at that 
time a small concern packing 
preserves, jams, jellies, canned 
vegetables, etc. — not a very 
promising foundation, it would 
seem on which to build a world 
famous industr.v. Having mas- 
tered the business, step by step, 
along its orighial luies. Dr. Dor- 
rance. in 1897, conceived the 
idea of packmg soup hi con- 
densed form b.v an improved 
method which retains all the 
original nutriment and flavor 
while greatly reducing the bulk 
and the consequent cost of pack- 
ages and transportation. Its 
effect on household economics 
throughout the United States has proven a happy one, and beyond question 
it has exerted a potent and salutary mfluence on our national dietary and 
health. As a result of Dr. Dorrance's methods applied l)oth to productit»n 
and commercial development. Campbell's Soups today are known wherever 
people speak English and eat soup. 

Like all men efficient m commercial affairs, Dr. Dorrance has the mathe- 
matical mind. He knows the illimitable power of the vulgar fraction and 
doesn't overloQlv the trifles. In observing the systematic precision which 
governs every detail of the vast organization, one is remmded that Napo- 
leon, who financed an empire, could also figure the budget of the humblest 
soldier to a centime, and enjoyed doing it. This analytical bent is carried 
into every source of production on which the business depends. 

138 Drydeu 

Dr. Dorrauce is an expert iii scientific agriculture and husbandry, and 
devotes much attention to developing improved varieties of fruits and vege- 
tables, as evidenced in the conservatories and gardens of his home at 
Pomona Farm. Cinnaminson. 

Dr. Dorrance is a Director of the National State Bank of Camden, and 
of the Atlantic City Railroad Company. He is a life member of the Manu- 
facturers' Club, the University Club and the Philadelphia Racket Club ; also 
a member of the Coimtry, the Pen and Pencil and the Down Town Club, all 
of Philadelphia, and of the Baltimore Coimtry Club, the New York Yacht 
Club, and the Midday and Technology Clubs of New York. 

FORREST FAIRCHILD DRYDEN— Newark.— Insurance Presi- 
dent. I^orn in Bedford. ().. December 26th, 1864 : son of John Fair- 
field and Cynthia J. (Fairchild) Dryden ; married in 1890 to Grace 
Carleton, daughter of Isaac N. Carleton, of Bradford, Mass. 

Children: John F. (2nd) ; Dorothy; Elizabeth Butterfield. 

Forrest F. Dryden is President of the Prudential Insurance Company 
of America which was founded by his father, Jolui F. Dryden, United 
States Senator from New Jersey, from February 4th, 1902 to March ?>, 1907. 
At the time he reached the Presidency. Mr. Dryden was the yomigest man 
at the head of any company approaching the rank and importance of the 

President Dryden's first schooling was at the Newark Academy ; and 
at Phillips Academy at Andover. Upon graduation he attached himself to 
the staff of the Prudential Insurance Company (in 1888), beginning at the 
fomidation and working his way upwards, so as to acquauat himself with 
all the luies and details of its work and methods. In 1889 he was made 
Superintendent of the Prudential office at Elizabeth. The enterprise was 
then in its earlier stages of development, and President Dryden has been 
a part of its evolution to the magnitude its busmess has now attained. In 
1890 he became a member of the Board of Directors and Assistant Secre- 
tary and later in the same year Secretary of the Company. His father's 
chief lieutenant, he discharged the fmictions of the Presidency during the 
Senator's absence in Washington. In 1903 he was made Third Vice Presi- 
dent of the Company, in 1906 Second Vice President and in 1911 Vice 
President. Upon his father's death he succeeded to the Presidency. 

The Drydeu family found its origm in Mame ; but the parents of Sena- 
tor Dryden, the Prudential's Fomider, moved to Massachusetts when he 
was seven years of age. The Senator planned a college career, but his 
health compelled the abandonment of his studies at Yale University before 
the completion of his course there. In later years, however, the University, 
in recognition of his achievements, conferred the A. M. degree upon him, 
and he was enrolled as one of the Class of '65. 

The health frailty that forced him to leave College turned his atten- 
tion to the advisability of life insurance, and it became the study of his 
life. He was particularly impressed by the policy of msurance for wage 
earners adopted by the Prudential Assurance Company of Loudon, and 

Duffleld 139 

his study of its methods gave liim a tliorough acquaintance witli them. 
CoBvinced of the feasability of mtroduciug tlie same system here, lie in- 
terested Horace Ailing, Noah F. Blanchard, Dr. Leslie D. Ward and Gover- 
nor Franklin Murphy's father. The chartermg of the Widows and Orphans 
Friendly Society by the legislature followed, and Mr. Dryden became its 
Secretary, with offices in the basement of the Bank buildmg at 810 Broad 
Street, Newark. Later, m order to study the methods of the English com- 
pany at first hand Mr. Dryden went to Europe, and Sir Henry Harben, the 
founder of Industrial Insurance in the United Kingdom, accorded the 
amplest facilities for his investigation. Upon his return, the name of his 
own company was changed to the Prudential Insurance Company of 
America. Through the management of father and son, it has taken front 
rank among the great insurance companies of the world, numbering its 
policy holders in the tens of millions. 

Before Founder Dryden became United States Senator, in 1902, to fill 
the vacancy caused by the death of Gen. W^illiam J. Sewell, he had been 
chosen Presidential Elector in the National campaigns of 1896 and 1900. 
In the Senate he procured appropriations aggregating $5,000,000 for federal 
improvements in New Jersey, and the payment by the Federal government 
to the state of $600,000 due on mipaid Civil War claims. He was the ef- 
ficient advocate of plans for the construction of large war vessels ; and, as 
a member of the Inter-Oceanic Canal Committees, he had a marked influence 
in the discussion concerning the plans to be followed m the construction of 
the Panama Canal. Upon the expiration of his term in 1907, his health 
fore-bade the endurement of the excitements of the campaign for re-election 
to the Senate. 

President Forrest F. Dryden finds time, amid the engrossing duties of 
his position, to engage in other affairs — business, civic, military and church. 
He is a member of the Essex Troop and was for sometime Chief Commis- 
sary on the staff of the Major General. He holds the rank of Lieutenant 
Colonel in the National Guard of the State and is a member of the New 
Jersey State Rifle Association. He is a member of the Newark Board of 
Trade, the National Citizens League, the New Jersey Society for the Pro- 
motion of Agriculture, a Director in the National body of the Boy Scouts 
of America, belongs to the Civic Forum of New York and is a life mem- 
ber of the Newark Museum Association and of the Academy of Political 
Science of the City of New York. 

President Dryden is also a Director of the Public Service Corporation 
of New Jersey, the Union National Bank of Newark, the South Jersey Gas, 
Electric and Traction Company, the United States Casualty Company of 
New York, the American Insurance Company of Newark, the Peoples Gas 
Improvement Company of Trenton, and of the Fidelity Trust Company 
of Newark. His club memberships are with the Down Town and Essex 
(Newark), the Essex Coimty Country (West Orange), the Baltusrol Golf, 
the Morris Comity Golf, and the Economic of New York. 

March 3, 1871; son of John T. and Sarah Elizabeth (Green) Duf- 
fleld ; married on April 21, 1897 to Josephine Read Curtis, daughter 

14(» Duke 

of Aberdeen Graham and Mary Morrison Curtis, of Troy, N. Y., 
who died March 19th, 1914— 2nd, on Oct. 12, 1916, to Barbara Free- 
man, daughter of Henry W. Freeman, of South Orange. 
Children : Elizabeth and Dickinson Curtis. 

Edward Dickinson Dufiield is Vice President and General Solicitor of 
The Prudential Insurance Company of America. He had previously been 
Assistant Attorney-General of New Jersey ; served in the New Jersey House 
of Assembly in 1904-1905 'and has been an attorney -at-law since February, 
189"), and a counselor-at-law since 1898. 

Mr. Duffield's father was for more than a half a century a professor 
in Princeton University. His maternal grandfatlier was George S. Green, 
of Trenton, a brother of former Chancellor Henry W. Green and the late 
Caleb S. Green, at one time a judge of the New Jersey Court of Errors 
and Appeals. Mr. Dufheld is also a nephew of the late Federal District 
Judge Edward S. Green for whom he is named. 

After acquiring a preliminary education at tlie Prmceton Preparatory 
School at Lawrenceville, as well as private instriaction with the Rev. 
Lewis W. Mudge in Princeton, Mr. Dufiield was enrolled at Princeton Uni- 
versity, graduating from there in 1892, and from the New York Law 
School in 1894. Under the perceptorship of Frederick W. Stevens and 
John O. H. Pitney from 1892 to 1895, Mr. Duffield's legal experience was 
materially enlarged ; and after admittance to the bar he associated with 
the firm of Depue <& Parker, some time later formmg a partnership with 
William B. Kinney, which continued until 1901, when he associated him- 
self with Edward M. Colie mider the name of Colie & Duffield. It was 
in 1905 and 1906 that he served as Assistant Attorney-General of New 
Jersey, joining the Prudential Insurance Company on November 15, 1906. 
Seven years later he was elected to a Prudential Vice Presidency, which 
office he still holds. 

Mr. Duffield has always been a Republican in politics and has taken 
active part in South Orange village affairs. In 1917 he was elected Presi- 
dent of the village. He is a member of the New Jersey State Bar Asso- 
ciation, the American Bar Association, the New Jersey State Chamber of 
Commerce, the New Jersey Historical Society, the Pi-incetou Club of New 
York, the Princeton Alumni Association of the Oranges, the Nassau Club 
of Princeton, the Essex County Country Club, the South Orange Field Club, 
the Republican Club of New York, and of the Sakonnet Golf Club, and is 
an ex-president of the Lawyers' Club of Essex Countv. 

JA3IES Bl'CHANAN DUKE— Somerville.— Capitalist. Born at 
Durham, N. C, in 1857 ; son of Washington D. Duke ; married 2nd 
on July 23, 1907 to Nanie Lee (Holt) Inman, of Atlanta,' Ga. 

James B. Duke is President of the American Tobacco Company, which 
in large measures controls the tobacco industry throughout the comitry. 
Smce 1912 he has been Chairman of the Board of Directors of the British- 
American Tobacco Company which has an equally important relation to 
the tobacco industry of the world. 

Dumout 141 

Mr. Duke was educated in the country schools of the farming district 
near Durham, N. C, iii which he was born, and went into the tobacco busi- 
ness with his father and brothers in Durham. He acquired an interest in 
the firm of Duke Brothers at eighteen and came to New York in 1884, 
He organized the American Tobacco ('ompany, a combination of large 
tobacco manufacturmg concerns, and was its President from the time of 
its organization m 1889 until 1912. The Continental Tobacco Company, 
Inc., had meanwhile taken out a charter, and he was made its President 
also; and when in 1898 it became known as the Consolidated Tobacco 
Company, Inc., he succeeded to the Presidency, holding this office until 1901. 

In February, 1917, President Duke announced his purpose of equipping 
a coast patrol boat which several of his employees volunteered to man. The 
boat was to have a speed of more than twenty knots an hour and be fitted 
with every device known to modern naval warfare and the total outlay for 
the expedition was estimated at $1,000,000. 

Mr. Duke is a Director of the Imperial Tobacco Company of London, 
the National Bank of Commerce, N. Y., the Union Bleaching and Finishing 
Company, N. Y., the Guaranty Trust Company, N. Y., the Morristown 
Trust Company and the Southern Power Company; and is a Trustee of 
the American Surety Company. 

WAYNE DUMONT— Paterson, ( 163 Hamilton Avenue. ) —Lawyer. 
Born at Phillipsburg, son of John Finley and Ann Eliza (Klme) 
Dumont; married at Easton, Pa., on October 26th, 1898, to Sallie 
Insley Hunt, daughter of Edward Insley and Sallie (Lesh) Hunt. 

Children : W. Himt, born April 6, 1904, died February 17, 1908 ; 
John Fmley, born April 2, 1909 ; Wayne, born June 2.j, 1914. 

In "The Making of New England" Drake mentions De Monts, Pierre 
de Gaust from Saintonge, France, an officer of the Kings household to 
whom in 1604 Henry IV granted a Charter for all the region now Icnown 
as New England and a monopoly of the fur trade. Later Walleran Dumont 
came from Holland to New Amsterdam with a company of soldiers for 
Governor Stuyvesant and settled in Esopus (Kingston) N. Y. in 1660. He 
was a member of the Military Council during the second Esopus AVar with 
the Indians and served as Schepen or Magistrate there till 1671. 

The family from which Wayne Dumont descends first appeared in this 
country soon after the massacre of the French Huguenots m Paris on the 
historical St. Bartholomew's day. After that event the ancestors came to 
North Carolina, where the family remained seated for at least two or three 

Peter Dumont, the earliest ancestor of whom there is accurate knowl- 
edge, married m North Carolina. His son, John Dumont, also born m 
North Carolma, came north to New Jersey, apparently soon after the be- 
ginning of the last century and married Mary Finley. They had three 
children, of whom John Finley Dumont alone survived. Jcilm Finley Du- 
mont was born in Hunterdon County, November 11. 1824. and died May 8th, 
1889. A lawyer by profession, he was Prosecutuig Attorney for Hunterdon 



Comity but otherwise was not active iii public affairs. His wife, Anna 
Eliza Kline, was the daughter of the Rev. David Kline. 

Wayne Dumoiit was fitted for college at Lerch Preparatory School, 
Eastou, Pa., graduating maxima cum laude. in June, 1888 ; immediately 
entered Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., where he was graduated maxima 
cum laude, Ph. B. in course June, 1892, afterwards having had con- 
ferred upon him the honorary degrees of M. S. and A. M. He immediatelj^ 
entered upon the lectures of the New York Law School, and was admitted 
to practice in the Supreme Court of the State in February, 1896, as at- 
torney, and as a counselor in February, 1899. Shortly afterwards he re- 
ceived an appointment as a Spe- 
cial Master in Chancery and a 
Supreme Court Commissioner. 
He was also promptly admitted 
to practice in the Courts of the 
States of New York and Penn- 
sylvania and later to practice 
in the Supreme Court of the 
United States. 

Mr. Dumont is engaged in 
active general practice of the 
law in Paterson, is a Republican 
in politics, but without political 
ambition, always having de- 
clined office. He is a Thirty- 
r second degree Mason, having 
taken the degrees in both York 
and Scottish Rite masonry, has 
life membership in all the Scot- 
tish Rite bodies ; and is a mem- 
ber of Paterson Lodge No. 60, 
Benevolent & Protective Order 
of Elks. 
For a number of years he was connected with the National Guard of 
New Jersey, Quarter-master General's Department, with the rank of Cap- 
tam. He was elected a member of the Board of Trustees of Lafayette Col- 
lege, Easton. Pa., in June, 1910, and is still serving as a Trustee of the In- 
stitution. :Mr. Dumont was one of the fomiders and is a Director of, and 
general comisel for the United States Trust Company of Paterson. 

Mr. Dumont lielongs to the Areola Comitry Club, Areola ; Pomfret Club, 
Easton. Pa.: Lawyers' Club, New York City; Hamilton Club, Paterson; 
Sussex Country Club, Newton ; Walkill Country Club, Franklin ; and Me- 
gantic Fish and Game Club, Megantic, Quebec. 

NELSON YOUNG DUNGAN— Somerville, (32 West Cliff St.) 
Jurist. Born at Lambertville, on May 3rd, 1867; son of Edmund 



Booz and Martha Matilda (Yoimg) Dungan ; married at Belle 
Mead, on July 2()tli, 1899, to Clara May Van Nuys, daughter of 
Abram J. aud Mary Elizabeth Van Nuys, of Belle Mead. 

Children : Edmund Van Nuys, born July 5, 1901, died February 
20. 1910; Ruth Elizabeth, born August 28th, 1904; Nelson Van 
Nuys, born March 3, 1911. 

Nelson Y. Dungan is a Circuit Court Judge, and Bravet Brigadier 
General of the National Guard of New Jersey. He began his education 
at a private school in Lambertville, Hunterdon County, when five years of 
age; and, i-emoviug then to HarlLngen, in Somerset County, attended the 
public schools there during the winter months until 1883, when he passed 

an examination that qualified 
him as a teacher. 

He taught in the schools for 
some years ; but meanwhile pre- 
pared for the practice of the 
law. He read in the office of 
James L. Griggs, was admitted 
as an attorney at the November 
term of 1890, and as coimselov 
at the November term of 1893. 
In 1896 he was admitted as an 
attorney and counselor of the 
United States Supreme Court. 
He is also an attorney and coun- 
selor of the State of New Y^>rk 
and of the District of Columbia. 
In the State Courts he is a Spe- 
cial Master ux Chancery and a 
Supreme Court Commissioner. 

In 1895 Governor Werts named 
Mr. Dungan to the State 
Senate for Prosecutor of the 
Pleas of Somerset County, and. 
the confirmation coming as a matter of course, he served until 1900. While 
he was still in that position he associated himself with John F. Reger in 
the law business under the firm name of Dungan & Reger. That partner- 
ship lasted imtil he went on the Bench in the spring of 1911. In 1903 Gov- 
ernor Murphy appointed him a member of the Board of Managers of the 
State Village of Epileptics, and he served until November of 1911. It was 
on Governor V^'ilson's appointment that he became a Circuit Court Judge 
aud he is still holding that position. His Circuit is Essex, Monmouth and 
Hunterdon coimties. 

Judge Dimgan"s connection with the military life of the state began 
in 1898 when he enlisted as a private in Co. H. 3rd Regiment, New Jersey 
Infantry. He served through the various grades of that regiment aud the 
2nd New Jersey Infantry imtil March 25, 1907. when he was commissioned 
Colonel of the 2nd. He retired on March 25. 1911, aud in February. 1912, 
the rank of Brigadier General by Bre\et was conferred upon him. 



Judge Diuigan is Vice President of the Somerville Dime Savings 
Bank, and a member of the Old Guard of New York, Sons of the Revolu- 
tion and of the Bachelor Club of Somerville. 

MICHAEL DUNN— Patersou.— Lawyer. Born at Newton. August 
27, 1858; son of James and Bridget (O'Connell) Dunn; married 
at Paterson, on September 3, 1890, to Amelia M. Donnelly, daugh- 
ter of Arthur and Amelia Donnelly, (Mrs. Dmm died Jmie 13. 

Children : James M., age 24 ; Arthur, age 22 ; Amelia M., age 20 ; 
Louisa, age 18 ; Eugene, age 16. 

Michael Dunn has been identified with the politics of two counties. 

He was active m the democratic ranks of Sussex and was made Deputy 

{'nder-SherifE of the County m 1881. He is now the Prosecutor of the; 

Pleas of Passaic County. 

Both of Mr. Dunn's parents were born in Ireland — his father in County 

Meath an<l his mother in County Caven. They came to this country and 

took up their residence in New- 
ton, Sussex County, where Mr. 
Dunn was born. Mr. Dunn be- 
gan his education in the public 
schools of Newton, and after 
graduating from the Newton 
("ollegiate Institute, became a 
student in Princeton college. He 
graduated from there in the 
class of 1880; and took up the 
study of law in the office of Mar- 
tin Rosenkranz at Newton. He 
was licensed as an attorney in 
1882, and at the end of the usu- 
al three year period was made 
Counselor. In November, 1881, 
he became Under-Sheriff of Sus- 
sex and served in that office till 
1884. In the year 1885. he re- 
moved to Paterson and engaged 
in the practice of his profession, 
where he is established with his 
brother Charles B. Dunn. 
Mr. Dunn plunged mto the public life of Passaic as energetically as 

he had in that of Sussex. In May, 1900, the Paterson Board of Aldermen 

appointed him City Coimsel and he served until the openuig of the year 
1904. He was a warm supporter, in the 1910 campaign, of the election of 

Woodrow Wilson for Governor ; and after Dr. Wilson had taken the chair 

Eaton 145 

of state, he nominated Mr. Dunn for the office of Prosecutor of the Pleas 
of Passaic County. Confirniation came hi due course. He was reappointed 
in 1016, and is still holding that position. 

Mr. Dmm is a member of the Knights of Columbus and the Hamil- 
ton Club of Paterson, and of the Princeton Club of New York City. 

WELLS PHILLIPS EAGLETON— Newark, (212 Elwood Ave- 
nue)— Surgeon. Born at Brooklyn, N. Y., on September IS, 1S65 ; 
son of Thomas and Mary Emma Phillips Eagleton ; married at 
New York, N. Y., on May 24, 1913 to Florence Peshine Riggs, 
daughter of F. Strafford and Elizabeth M. Peshine, of Newark. 

Wells P. Eagletou is a specialist m surgery of the brain, eye and ear. 
He is of American and English ancestry, and received his education at the 
Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
Columbia University, New York. He began the practice of medicine in 
Newark m 1890, and maintains an office at 15 Lombardy Street. 

Dr. Eagleton is Medical Director of the Newark Charitable Eye and 
Ear Infirmary, Attending Opthalmologist and Otologist of the Newark 
City Hospital, and the Home for Crippled Children. Consulting Surgeon of 
the German Hospital, Consulting Opthalmologist and Otologist of the Essex 
County Isolation Hospital, the Essex County Hospital for the Insane and 
the Morristown Memorial Hospital. 

Dr. Eagleton is a member of the New Jersey State Commission for the 
Blind, Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, a member of the 
American Otological Society, the New York Otological Society, the Ameri- 
can Laryngological and Otological Society, the Medical Society of New 
Jersey, the Academy of Medicine of Northern New Jersey, the New York 
Academy of Medicme, the Society of Surgeons of New Jersey, the Essex 
County Pathological & Anatomical Society, and the Practitioners Club. 

Dr. Eagleton is also a director of the Federal Trust Company and a 
member of the Essex Club, of Newark. 

CHARLES WARREN EATON— Bloomfield.— Artist. Born in 
Albany, N. Y., February 22, 1857 ; son of Daniel Oliver and Mary 
Bounds Eaton. 

Charles W. Eaton, a direct descendant of Francis Eaton of the. Pilgrim 
party that came over in 1620 on the Mayflower, was a pupil at the Na- 



tional Acaemy of Designs ami of the Art Students League in New Yorlv. 

He o])ened a studio in New Yorlv in 1886 and has since been following his 

art work there. He has exhibit- 
ed ill the Royal Academy and 
the Grosvenor Gallery in Lon- 
don. One of his works won 
honorable mention at the Paris 
Exposition of 1J)(H) and another 
at the Pan-American Exposition. 
He received a silver medal at 
the Charleston Exposition and 
won the Proctor Prize in 1901, 
the Inness prize in lt)02 and the 
Shaw prize in 1908 at the Sal- 
magundi Exhibition. The Phil- 
adelphia Art Club m 1903 
awarded him a gold medal. The 
National Academy of Design in 
190-4 awarded the Inness gold 
medal. At the St. Louis Expo- 
sition in 1904 and at the Buenos 
Aires exposition in 1910 he re- 
ceived silver medals ; and the 
Paris Salon in 1906 awarded 
him a gold medal. 
Mr. Eaton is a member of the American ^^'ater CY^lor Society, the New 

York Water Color Club and of the Salmagundi and Lotos Clubs of New 


WALTER EVANS EDGE— Atlantic City.— Publishuig and Ad- 
vertising. Born in Philadelphia, Pa., on Nov. 20th, 1873; son of 
William and Mary Edge; married at Memphis. Tenn., on June 
5, 1907, to Lady Lee, daughter of Mrs. Sarah Lee Phillips, of 
Memphis, Tenn. (Mrs. Edge died July 14th. 1915.) 

Children: Walter Evans, Jr., born July 10th, 1915. 

Walter E. Edge had scarcely been inaugurated as Governor of New 
Jersey in 1917 when Congress, proclaiming a state of war between the 
United States and Germany, plunged this nation into the greatest struggle 
in the history of the Ages ; and he will go down into State annals as New 
Jersey's epochal AVar Governor. 

Governor Edge may be said to have inherited a taste for public life. 
Two great uncles were memlters of the Pennsylvania Legislature ; another 
was for years Collector of the I'ort of Philadelphia, and his great grand- 
father was a Judge of the Courts of Pennsylvania for forty years. His 
father was a retired railroad man. 

The stress of circumstances made it necessary for Edge to forego a 
colU^ge course, and all the schooling he got was that afforded at the public 

Edge 147 

schools ill Pleasautville, just outside of Atlantic City. He found himself 
early in life doing the work of a "printers devil" in tlie offices of the "At- 
lantic Review," but at sixteen secured a position with the Borland Adver- 
tising Agency of Atlantic City. This, at the time, was merely a local busi- 
ness specializing in hotel advertising. When Mr. Edge came into posses- 
sion of it, as he did about two years after the proprietor died, he extended 
its lines throughout the country, with offices in. among otlier European 
centers, London, Paris and Berlin. The first shining demonstration of the 
agency's enterprise was in the world-wide fame its exploits brought to At- 
lantic City as one of the great resorts on the Atlantic coast. In this work 
he was assisted by the "Atlantic City Pi-ess" which, after he had established 
it, progressed from a mere hotel medium to the leading news medium of 
the coast, and by the subsequent establishment, as its evening complement, 
of the "Atlantic City Union." The work of the advertising agency reipiired 

so much of his attention 
that he eventually leased 
both the papers to young 
employees who had won his 

Governor Edge had be- 
giui his political career as 
Journal Clerk of the State 
Senate when the war be- 
tween Spain and the Unit- 
ed States broke out, in 
1898.. He participated ui 
the organization of the 
Morris Guards, an indepen- 
dent military company of 
Atlantic City which mus- 
tered into service, during 
the war as Co. F., Fourth 
New Jersey Volunteer In- 
fantry, and was commis- 
sioned as its 2nd Lieuten- 
ant. Later he was Captain 
of Co. L. Third Regiment 
N. G. N. J. ; and Gov."s Murphy and Stokes put him on their personal staffs. 
He afterwards liecanie Chief of the Ordinance Department, with the rank 
of Lieutenant Colonel, on the staff of INIajor General C. Edward Murray. 
There is a AValter E. Exlge Garrison of the Army and Navy Union iu At- 
lantic City ; and Mr. Edge is also the head of the Boy Scout movement in 
Atlantic City. 

Mr. Edge's rise in the politics of the state was rapid after the war was 
over. In 1904 he was a Presidential Elector on the Republican ticket and 
in 1908 a delegate to the Republican National Convention that nominated 
President Taft. A year later he was elected to the Assembly from Atlantic 
county, and achieved the rare distinction, in his first year, of being chosen 
as the Repuldican leader on the flour. In 1910 he was promoted to the 
State Senate ; and two years later he was made majority leader on the 

14S Edge 

floor of that chamber. Re-elected m 1913, he served in 1915 as President 
of the body; and while iu that position was Acting Governor of the state 
during the five weeks Governor Fielder was in California attending the 
Panama-Pacific Exposition. 

In the Senate he initiated and promoted much of the important con- 
structive legislation of the later years. His study of conditions in the labor 
field led him to frame the Workmens Compensation Act, one of the first 
practical working-laws in the country, and he pushed it to the statute 
book. He promoted, too, the enactment of the ten-hour law for working- 
women and secured legislation safe-guarding factory workers against dan- 
gerously constructed work shops and occupational diseases. He was also 
head of the Economy and Efficiency Commission imder which the depart- 
mental admmistrative system of the state was reconstructed in 1915. The 
State Budget System Bill, aimed to systematize New Jersey finances and 
make the Governor the responsible head of the fiscal system, and the Cen- 
tral Purchasing Bureau legislation, mider which supplies for the state and 
its institutions are purchased on a wholesale scale and by fixed standards. 
were also of his initiation. It was he too who thought of legislation abol- 
ishing the state census which had been costing the commonwealth about 
.$100,000 a year. 

With that record behind him, Governor Edge entered the Republican 
primaries in 1916 as a "business men's" candidate for the nommation for 
Governor and distanced his rival. Col. Austen Colgate, in the contest by 
3,618 votes. In November he overcame Naval Ofiicer Wittpenn. the Demo- 
cratic candidate, by just short of 70,000 majority. He was inaugurated on 
January 15, 1917 ; and duriHg the first three months of his administration 
was successful m carrymg out a most ambitious program. Adopting his 
recommendations the Legislature authorized the construction and main- 
tenance of a $15,000,000 highway system, to give New Jersey a great chain 
of hard surfaced roads. In order to have this work properly done. Gover- 
nor Edge conceived the idea of going over to New York and securing the ser- 
vices for New Jersey of General George W. Goethals. Agreeing to Gover- 
nor Edge's plan, the builder of the Panama Canal decided to become the 
1 milder of New Jersey's roads. The Governor advanced three projects of 
major importance — the construction of a bridge over the Delaware at Cam- 
den, of a tunnel under the Hudson at New York and of a ship canal across 
the State from the Delaware to the Raritan — and the State's contract with 
General Goethals provides that he shall supervise these great undertakings. 
Fulfilment of a platform promise to mcrease the franchise tax upon public 
utilities, alteration of New Jersey's doubtful corporation law to make it 
conform to the Federal Clayton Act, a law providing for the organization of 
public school buildings into community centers for the promotion of the in- 
dustries and agriculture and the education of the immigrant and a home 
rule statute designed to give municipalities of the State the fullest measure 
of self-government, and almost certam to relieve the annual legislative ses- 
sions of the necessity of considermg scores of municipal enabling bills — 
these and many others of a similar important nature are some of the ad- 
ditional accomplishments of the beginning of the Edge Admmistration. 

As the war cloud gathered over the country shortly after the Gover- 
nor's inauguration, much of his time has been taken up with the plans for 

Edison 149 
liome defense and co-operation with tlie government in all mutters of mili- 
tury preparedness and mobilization of tlie State's food supply and indus- 
tries. In this task the Governor has been successful in perfectuig state- 
wide machinery. He also initiated the movement callmg into conference 
in Philadelphia, the Executives and Adjutants General of tlie five middle- 
Atlantic States, for the purpose of making certam that the military pre- 
paredness plans of these important States — New York, New Jersey, Pemi- 
sylvania, Delaware and Maryland — would be in concert. 

THOMAS ALVA EDISON— West Orange, (Llewellyn Park) — 
Inventor. Born in Milan, O., on February 11, 1847 ; sou of Samuel 
and Nancy Elliott Edison; married in 1873 to Mary Stillwell (died 
iu 1884)— 2nd m 1886 to Mina Miller, daughter of Louis Miller, 
pioneer inventor, and with Bishop Vincent, founder of the ori- 
ginal Chautauqua. 

Children : First marriage : Thomas Alva, William Leslie, Marian 
Estelle ; second marriage : Charles, Madeline and Theodore. 

Thomas A. Edison has contributed over 1000 patents and hundreds 
of unpatented mventions to the development of the new age that has seen 
the introduction, among other things, of the duplex and quadruplex tele- 
graph, the carbon telephone transmitter, the electric light system, the 
electric railway, the phonograph, motion pictures, alkaline storage bat- 
tery, and many other inventions. 

The ancestral Edisons, come from Holland about 1730, were descend- 
ants of extensive millers on the Zuyder Zee, who took up patents of land 
along the Passaic river close to Mr. Edison's present home m the Orange 
mountams. Their ftrst settlement was in Caldwell, (Essex Co.) notable as 
the birth place of Grover Cleveland. Mr. Edison's grandfather, a Loyalist 
durmg the Revolutionary W^ar, fled to Nova Scotia at the outbreak of 
hostilities ; and it was there that his father was born m 1804. The attempt 
to enforce in Canada the Taxation-without-Representation rule that had 
precipitated the American Revolution, aroused the elder Edison's resent- 
ments ; and, returning to the United States, he settled in 1842 in Milan, O., 
where the inventor was born. 

From his earliest childhood Edison was given to original inquiry. He 
never took anything for granted ; he always wanted to know for himself. 
With his own chemicals and his own appliances he did over again all the 
experiments the books described. When, at six he saw a goose produce a 
brood by setting on eggs, he sat on a dozen himself to find out how it all 
came about. When he learned that seidlitz powder generated gases, he 
gave a dose to a chum to see if he would go up in the air like a balloon. 
A fire he built in the barn in pursuit of another inquiry won for him a 
lashing at the whipping-post in the town square. All the money he could 
get went for materials and equipments for experimental work; and the 
most generous of salaries was not enough to keep him above penury. 
When, even in his later years, the Western Union, on each of two occasions, 
gave him $100,000 for his mventions, he hisisted that the Company, instead 

150 Edison 

of Kivinj,' liim a check for the whole amount at once, pay him in yearly 
instalhuents of $6,000 each — and he felt quite happy when he had thus 
assured himself of a steady annual income of $12,000 for sixteen or seven- 
teen years. 

Every new situation brought its new device to his mind. He could 
not come in contract with a contrivance of any kind without trying to 
see how it could be better utilized in all directions. When the roaches 
in one of the telegraph offices where he was employed became obstrusive, 
he rigged up a device that electrocuted them as they crawled over the 
walls. So that he might be free, while an operator in railway stations, to 
pursue his own mquiries, he made automatic signals for reporting hourly 
that he was awake and on his job. 

The eccentricities of an inquiring mind were beyond the ken of his 
schodlmaster, who set him down as "addled,"" and even his father 
looked upon him as a doubtful subject. But his mother, the daughter of 
a Baptist minister and herself a school teacher, saw, through them all. the 
activities of a receptive and thoughtful mind. With little faith in public 
school methods, she undertook his education herself ; and by the time he 
was twelve years old he had read Gibbons' "Decline and Fall of the Roman 
Empire," Hume's "History of England."" Sear"s "History of the World," 
Burton"s "Anatomy of Melancholy."" and the "Dictionary of Sciences." 

Naturally enough he turned the cellar of his home into a laboratory ; 
and, though his father was in comfortable circumstances, with the idea of 
increasing his resources, young Edison secured from the Grand Trunk 
Railway Company a concession for the sale of papers on its trains. There 
were idle moments in the long nni between Detroit and Port Huron ; and, 
so that these might be employed, he moved his laboratory to the baggage 
car. That enterprise came to grief when, after a stick of phosphorous fell 
from the shelf to the floor and set the car afire, Edison was bmidled out, 
appliances and all. with a cruel cuff on the ear, to boot. It is to this 
boxing that his life-long deafness is due. But he has found advantages 
even in the affliction. When telegraphing, the noise of other instruments 
did not Itother him ; he could hear only the click of that on his table. Again 
in experimenting on the telephone, he had to improve the transmitter so 
that he could hear it, and so made the telephone commercial. So, too, 
with the phonograph. And his nerves have beeen saved by the deafness ; 
Broadway is as quiet to him as the country village to those who can hear 

While he was selling on the train, he seems to have been quick to turn 
to account all the resource his service put within his reach. When the 
battle of Shiloh was fought and the Rebel General Jolmston killed, the 
surging crowds around the newspaper bulletin-boards in Detroit suggested 
to him that the people in the towns along his newspaper route would be 
as deeply stirred; and he had the news bulletined at every station down 
the line. His usual deliveries were probably 150 papers a day ; he ventured 
this day. howerer, to take the chance on 1,000. Enormous throngs awaited 
the coming of the traui at every station; and. in the scramble, the price 
of the paper went up at each stop. He could have sold 1.000 more at 25 
cents a piece. Meanwhile, as a side line he established little stationary 
stores in two of the towns on the line, setting chums to run them, and set 

Edison l;!! 

up and printed the "Weel<ly Herald," — tlie first newspaper ever printed on 
a train. 

Telegraphing was then in its infancy, and he was iiitereste(l in the 
machinery that made it possible. He rigged an apparatus of primitive 
design between his home and that of a chum for the interchange of mes- 
sages ; and a little time after, saving the child of the station agent at 
Momit Clemens from being crushed beneath the wheels of a dashing train, 
the operator volunteered to instruct him in the art of telegraphuig. Thus 
Edison was mtroduced to the telegraph world. Having acquired some skill 
at the key, he led a nomadic career through the West, taking jobs \vhere- 
ever he could find them — the Civil War was on at the time ; expert tele- 
graphers were at the front, and jobs were easily secured — and he had just 
lost a position In St. Louis, because some sulphuric acid with which he had 
been experimenting ate through the celling mto the President's office, when 
his friend Adams, wrote to him from Boston that he thought he could get 
him a position w'lth the Western Union Telegraph Company. 

Edison was barely 21 when he came East without a cent and w^as put 
to work at once. While in that service he Invented a machme — his first 
invention — for the rapid recording of the vote In the House of Represen- 
tatives In Washington. Its acceptance by the Government would have put 
an end to filibustering and other dilatory parliamentary obstructions, and 
the new machine met wath no favor among the officials of Congress. The 
stock ticker was just then coming into vogue. That In the New York 
office got out of gear one night, when War excitement on the Exchanges 
w^as high, and the moneyed men of the city besieged the office to learn the 
reason for the suspension of reports. Pandemonium reigned for a while. 
Dr. Law, the President of the Company, rushed in, in a desperate frame 
of mind, to ask If anylxxly could put the machine m order. Edison, who 
had been meanwhile making some explorations on his own account, an- 
swered, in his quiet, way, that he guessed he could fix It; and witliin an 
hour he had It m running order agam. He was without regular occupa- 
tion at that time. Dr. Law called him to his office and made his head 
swim by telling him that he was engaged at a salary of .$r*.00 per month. 

Soon after that, "The Telegraph" printed the card of "Pope it Edison, 
Electricians," and the yomig telegrapher was In business for himself. 
Colonel Marshal Letferts, the President of the Gold & Stock Telegraph 
Company, called Edison in to make further improvements ui the ticker 
machinery and he brought the system to a state of perfection that increased 
Its commercial value enormously. When he had submitted a whole line of 
rapid-fire Inventions and they had been approved and accepted and made 
part of the company's system, Lefferts called Edison in to say to him that 
he thought It was about time to think of a settlement. It occured to Edi- 
son that he might get along comfortably enough with $5,000, but as the 
hours passed, he foimd his assurance not ecpial to the suggestion of so 
large an amount and his hopes toned down to i}:8,00(). When at last he was 
face to face with Lefferts and was asked to fix his price, even his .$.'>,000 
courage failed him ; and he falteringly suggested to the Colonel that he 
might himself make an otter. The Colonel almost threw him off his feet 
by asking him how $40,000 struck him. 

When Edison presented his $40,000 check to the bank paying-teller, 

152 Edison 

it was shoved back to him with a mumbled observation ; and he thought he 
had been made the victim of a practical joke till he was advised that he 
must write his name on the back of it if he expected to get his money. 
Edison lost no time in presenting the check again in proper shape ; but 
when the $40,000 was handed to him he was up against the other proposi- 
tion of how he could take care of it. Coming out to Newark he sat up all 
night with the cash in his pocket ; and the next morning Colonel Lefferts 
relieved his anxiety about it by showing him how to open a bank account 
and put it on deposit. 

Edison had now something with which to start in business. The be- 
ginning was made in a building in Newark ; but, for years before he had 
established himself in West Orange, his later shop in Menlo Park was 
famous as the Mecca of scientific pilgrims. In December, 1914, the West 
Orange plant was almost destroyed by flre. Early next morning gangs of 
men were at work clearing the wreck. Htmdreds more were added before 
night ; and work was continued twenty-four hours a day. Within thirty- 
six hours after the fire Mr. Edison had given full orders for the complete 
rehabilitation of the plant. 

In Newark he was chiefly busy with the stock-ticker machine ; but he 
worked on many mventions in other lines, including the motograph, auto- 
matic telegraph systems, duplex, quadruplex, sextuplex and multiplex telCT 
graph systems and parafiin paper, carbon rheostat, etc. His success with 
the quadruplex systems made possible the receiving of four messages over 
one wire at the same time, and its acceptance by the telegraph world has 
saved the expenditure of an enormous sum of money for telegraph wires. 

While the telephone is the invention of Alexander Graham Bell, it was 
Edison's invention of the carbon transmitter which made the telephone 
commercially available. Edison had himself, before Bell applied for his 
patents, filed a caveat for an apparatus analyzing complex sound waves ; 
but it did not occur to him that that apparatus could be made useful in 
carrying the human voice till Bell came forward with his invention. Even 
after Bell had taken out his patent and put some of his machines on the 
market, the faintness of the speech on a distant connection rendered the 
original telephone system doubtful as a commercial proposition. It was 
not till Edison had invented the carbon transmitter that it began to find 
popular favor. That was the time when President Orton of the Western 
Union paid Mr. Edison one of the $100,000 rewards that Edison consented 
to accept only in yearly mstallments of $6,000 each. The second $100,000 
accepted on the same terms, was given him for the electro-motograph ; and 
he received $150,000 additional from a London company for a loud speak- 
ing telephone. 

While engaged on some of his experiments Edison observed that, when 
a disc of paper embossed with dots and dashes was moved very rapidly, 
the vibration of the lever produced an audible note, and the phonograph 
for the reproduction of the human voice came to his mind as a possibility. 
Patent was issued by the United States Patent ofiice within two months 
after application without a single reference ; and the first machine was ex- 
hi))ited in the rooms of "Gail Hamilton," authoress and sister of James G. 
Blame, m Washmgton. It attracted the attention of the statesmen and 
diplomats and scientists of the country; and President Haves called Mr. 

Edisou 153 

Edison to the White House one night late and aroused the women of the 
household from their slumbers to listen to the new wonder. The inventor 
was at work on the improved disc phonograph for several years and an 
instrument and records that reproduce vocal and instrumental music with 
absolute fidelity and sweetness commenced a new era in phonographic ma- 

But perhaps no invention of Mr. Edison's has done so much for the 
public advancement as his incandescent lamp, which is lighting the homes 
and oflSces and pleasure places of the world. The first lamp embodying the 
principles of the modern incandescent lamp was put in circuit on October 
21, 1S97 and mamtained its incandescence for forty hours. The first public 
demonstration of the invention was given on December 31, 1S79 in the 
streets and buildings at Menlo Park where underground mains were used ; 
and in 1880 Mr. Edison had prepared the system sufliciently to introduce 
it commercially. A year later he established the lamp factory at Harri- 
son, (N. J.) and organized and established shops for the manufacture of 
dynamos, underground conductors, sockets, etc., and in 1883 the first three- 
wire central station for electric lighting was mstalled at Simbury, Pa. 

The story of Edison's search for a carbonizable material that could be 
found in suflicient abundance to meet the demands for the new utility is 
one of the romances of science. Having satisfied himself that the most 
servicable and desirable thing he could find was a bamboo fibre, he sent 
emissaries into all parts of the world to hunt for it. Frank McGowan ex- 
plored all of South America, and discovered in the swamps and jimgles of 
the Cordilleras a variety of bamboo 6 to 9 inches in diameter that grew to 
a height of 75 to 100 feet. School Principal Ricalton of Maplewood made 
an excursion into the far East that took him beyond the Ganges and into 
Burmah; and he discovered at Ceylon a bamboo fibre that answered the 
test 100 to 200 pomts better than that m use at the Edison lamp factory. 
By the time the^se explorations were finished, however, Mr. Edisou had 
made a compound — they call it "squirted" film — that exactly met the re- 
quirements and it is still in use in the manufacture of some of the lamps 
the factories turn out. 

The exploitation of the electric lightuag system meant of course the 
establishment of great plants for the generation and distribution of the 
power. Mr. Edison spent years in makiug further developments of the 
machinery and apparatus for extending the system to meet commercial re- 
quirements. The development of the lighting system mvolved 149 patents 
for incandescent lamps and their manufacture, 77 for distributing systems 
and their control and regulation, 106 for dynamo-electric machines and 
accessories, 43 for mmor parts, such as sockets, switches, safety catches, 
meters, underground coiKluctors and parts, etc. The first central station 
was established on Pearl street for the commercial illumination of the 
district included between Wall, Nassau, Spruce and Ferry streets, Peck 
Slip and the East River, a business area nearly a square mile in extent. 

What Mr. Edison has done in the world of pleasure in the moving 
picture line is attested by the wonderful popularity of the picture-show 
places all over the world. The idea that underlies the invention is scarcely 
a new one. Ducos had exploited it in France away back in '64, but he was 
handicapped by the shortcomings of photographing. Senator Leland Stan- 

154 Edison 

ford was first instrumental in exhibiting a motion picture — as the result 
of a bet that, at some point in its gait, a rimning horse leaves the ground 
entirely. A number of instantaneous photographmg machines were placed 
along the Ime of a race course ; and when a horse was driven over it, his 
passing movements were caught by the machines. The succession of re- 
sulting films, made to revolve with great speed, produced the visual illusion 
of a horse in motion and the pictures were exhibited to wondering crowds 
in New York and elsewhere. It remained, however, for Mr. Edison to 
perfect the machinery for the production of the motion pictures. 

Mr. Edison's inventions have also been adapted to furnish power for 
electric railways, in which art he was a pioneer in the year 1880. The first 
life-size electric railway for freight and passengers was installed at Menlo 
Park between 1880 and 1882. In September of 1882 Mr. Edison commenced 
the operation of the first commercial station, in New York city, for the 
distribution of electric current for light, power and heat. 

Mr. Edison in 1871 assisted Sholes, the inventor of the typewriter, to 
make the first successful working model. In the summer of 1878 he went 
with an astronomical party to Rawlings, Wyo., to test his microtasimeter 
during a total eclipse of the sun. In 1880 he invented the magnetic ore 
separator which draws the metal from the ore ; and between 1891 and 
1900 came his inventions of the giant rolls for breaking large masses of rock 
and the three-high rolls for fine crushmg. 

Since the outbreak in 1914 of the war between the Central powers 
and the Entente allies, Mr. Edison has devoted much time to the solution 
of various problems growing out of the suspension of shipments of chemi- 
cals from Germany. Bemg the largest mdividual user of carbolic acid m 
the United States he found himself in danger of bemg compelled to close 
his factories because of the embargo on exportations. He devised a plan 
for makmg caj'bolic acid synthetically, set gangs of men working twenty- 
four hours a day to build a plant, and on the eighteenth day was making 
the acid. Within four weeks the plant could turn out a ton a day. Early 
in 1915 Edison found he was in danger of Ijemg vuiable to obtain a con- 
tinvTOus supply of benzol, from which he made his synthetic carbolic acid. 
He arranged with two coke oven plants to put in benzol plants of his own. 
The first one, at the Cambria Steel Company's plant at Jolnistown, Pa., 
was put into operation in forty-five days. The second one, at Woodward, 
Ala., was completed in sixty days. Ordinarily, it requires about nine 
months to install a benzol plant. Two other benzol plants were put in 
operation within sixty days. 

Edison next conceived the idea of helping out the textile and rnblier 
industries by makmg myrbane, aniline oil and aniline sjflt. always in great 
demand and previously imported from Germany. Having mastered tl>e 
literature on the subject, he uistalled a plant in forty-five workmg days, 
commenced deliveries in June, 1915, and is still continuing the manu- 
facture of these chemicals. The fur dyeing industry and other arts were 
suffermg from a great scarcity of paraphenylenediamine, formerly imported 
from Germany. Edison also uses it In the manufacture of records for his 
Diamond Disc Phonographs. Being miable to procure it, he experimented 
in his laboratory until he fomid a way to make it. Much pressure was 
brought to bear on him to supply some to the fur dyers and he e<iuipped 


Edwards 155 

a separate plant for this, and lias been supplying it to the public for more 
than two years. 

EDWARD IRVING EDWARDS — Jersey City, (29 Dmiean 
Avenue.) — Banker. Born at Jersey City on December 1st, 1863; 
son of William W. and Emma J. (Nation) Edwards; married 
at Jersey City, on November 14th, 1888, to Jule B. Smith, daugh- 
ter of William A. and Fannie E. Smith, of Jersey City. 

Children : Edward Irvuig, Jr., born March 1st, 1890 ; r]lizabeth 
Jule, born January 15th, 1902. 

Edward I. Edwards is President of the First National Bank in Jersey 
City, one of the important financial institutions in New Jersey ; and for 
five years was Comptroller of the State of New Jersey. His father and 
brothers have been prominent in the business and political life of Hudson 
County for the past fifty years. While oflBciating as State Comptroller, 
Mr. Edwards devised and secured the passage of tlie new Inheritance Tax 
Law under which the State's revenue from that source has increased from 
$700,000 to over $3,000,000 per year. The Democratic joint meeting that re- 
elected him to the State Comptrollership gathered in Trenton at the open- 
ing of Governor Fielder's administration in 1914. The state's resources 
were not at the time equal to the demands upon them, and the out-look was 

that the new administration 
would be forced to, for the first 
time m thirty years, impose a 
state tax to meet deficiencies. 
The imposition of a direct tax 
was likely to have a bad politi- 
cal effect ; and it was at that 
juncture that Comptroller Ed- 
wards came to the rescue with 
the suggestion of a law increas- 
ing the receipts from inheri- 
tances. The act was shaped up 
under his direction, laid before 
the Governor for his approval 
and adopted by the legislature. 
It subjects lineal heirs to a pro- 
gressive rate tax with an exemp- 
tion of $5,000 to each lineal. 
The receipts under the new act 
were large enough to avert the 
state tax menace. 

Comptroller Edwards also fa- 
thered what is laiown as the 
Requisition Act which makes it impossible for any of the departments or 
institutions of the state to over draw their respective appropriations. Prior 
to the passage of tlie act, both had been in the habit of exceeding the 

156 Egner 

amount apportioned to them in the annual budget and dependmg upon the 
legislature of the following year to order the paj^ment of their excesses. 
The exhaustion of their funds before the end of the fiscal year, with large 
accounts still outstanding, brought frequent embarrassment not only to the 
State Treasury, but, more, to the merchants and others who had furnished 
supplies or rendered services. Comptroller Edwards insisted that both the 
departments and institutions should ask the state in their estimates for all 
they would need during the year and that they should not be permitted 
to go beyond the amount the legislature allowed. His Requisition Act 
therefore required that no obligation could be incurred imless the institu- 
tion had to its credit sufficient funds to meet it, enforced a reasonable 
economy on the part of the administrative officials and guaranteed to the 
merchants of the state the prompt payment of their accounts. 

Comptroller Edwards was educated at Public School No. 13 and the 
High School of Jersey City. He entered the class of 1884 at the University 
of the City of New York, but left college at the end of his Junior year. 
After spending some time in the law office of his brother, Ex-Senator Wil- 
liam D. Edwards, he accepted a position in the First National Bank of 
Jersey City, where he remained for seven years. His health impaired by 
the confining nature of his work at the bank, he left, and was, for some 
years, engaged in the general contracting business of Edwards Brothers. 

In 1898, he entered the service of Jersey City in its tax department 
and was clerk to the Martin Act Commission, during the busy years of that 
Board. In 1903, at the suggestion of Edward F. C. Young, President of the 
Martin Commission, he re-entered the service of the bank as an assistant 
to the President ; shortly afterwards he became cashier and a director, and 
on October 13, 1916, he was elected president of the bank. He is also vice- 
president and a director of the Merchants National Bank of Jersey City 
and connected with a number of other banking and business houses. 

In politics a Democrat, he had been for many years a member of the 
Hudson County Democratic Committee. It was in 1911 that the joint 
meeting of the legislature elected Mr. Edwards, who was then Cashier of 
the First National Bank, to the office of Comptroller of the Treasury. At 
the end of his three year term, in 1914, he was re-elected. 

Mr. Edwards is a member of Bergen Lodge 47, F. & A. M., the Carteret 
Club, Jersey City; the Trenton Country Club, the National Democratic 
Club of New York City, the Bankers Club of America and the Zeta Psi 

FREDERICK W. EGNER— Newark (360 Mt. Prospect Avenue) 
— Financier. Born at Orange, August 6, 1870; son of John Fred- 
erick and Elizabeth (Graah) Egner, married in 1895 to Florence 
G. Carter; 2nd in December, 1907 to Elizabeth Wigton of Phil- 

Frederick W. Egner is one of the Vice Presidents of The Fidelity 
Trust Company, Newark. He attended the public schools at Orange vmtil 
he Avas fourteen years of age, when he went to work in the Half Dime 

Eisner 157 

Savings Bank tliat had just been organized tliere. In 1S91, he was of- 
fered the position of assistant boolclveeper in the Savings Department of 
the Fidelity Trust Company, in Newark. Six months later he was made 
assistant teller, and, six months beyond that. Paying Teller of the Com- 

In January, 1889, the Company named him as its Secretary and Treas- 
urer and he held that position until, ten years later, he was promoted to 
the office of Third Vice President. 

Mr. Egner is a member of the Newark Board of Trade and a Director 
of the Union County Trust Company of Elizabeth and of the Essex Trust 
Company in East Orange. His club memberships are with the Essex 
County Comitry, the Baltusrol Golf, the Forest Hill Field, the Salmagundi 
and Lotos. 

SIGMUND EISNEK^Red Bank.— Manufacturer. Born at Ho- 
razdiowitz, Bohemia, Austria, on Feb. 14th, 1859; son of Michael 
and Catharine (Brumel) Eisner; married at Red Bank, on Jan. 
13, 1885, to Bertha Weis, daughter of Elias and Haijnah Weis, of 
Red Bank. 

Children : H. Raymond, J. Lester, Monroe, Victor. 

Sigmund Eisner is President of the Sigmund Eisner Company, m whose 
plant in Red Bank, uniforms for the United States and for nearly every 
nation in Europe and Central and South America are made. Since the 

outbreak of the European war 
he has had large orders from 
England, Italy and their allies 
for the furnishing of army sup- 
plies in his line. 

Mr. Eisner was educated at 
the public schools across the 
seas, and came to this comitry 
m 1S80. The business which 
has grown into such large pro- 
portions, started in his manu- 
facture of clothing in a very 
small way. Through his ener- 
gies it grew rapidly and eventu- 
ally necessitated the great plant 
in which it is now conducted. 
T^e Sigmund Eisner Company 
are the largest manufacturers 
of miiforms in the United States 
and produce more uniform gar- 
ments than any other concern 
in the world. 

Mr. Eisner has not lost sight 
of his duties to the community in which he has made his home, and he 
has served as Water Commissioner, a Commissioner of the Sinking Fund, 

158 Ellis 

and as Commissioner of Flaygroimcls of Red Bank and is one of the Gov- 
ernors of the Long Branch Hospital. He has interested himself too in the 
problems for the solution of which the State Charities Aid Society was 
created and is one of its Vice Pi-esidents. 

CHARLES H. ELLIS— Camden.— Mayor. Born in Camden, April 
22, 1862; son of Charles H. and Hannah A. (Kille) Ellis; married 
at Camden, 1883, to Emma, daughter of Stephen T. and Sarah Tay- 
lor ; (died October 25th, 1897;)— 2nd on April 29th, 1907, to Hattie 
H., daughter of John Weber. 

Children : Ella T., Frank M., Laura D. and Elizabeth. 

Charles H. Ellis is now serving his fifth term as Mayor of Camden and 
has held the office continuously since 1904. 

Mr. Ellis, who was educated in the public schools of Camden, had been 
previously groomed for the public service in minor local places. He was in 

the grocery business before Col- 
lector Moft'ett named him as 
Deputy Collector of Internal 
Revenue for the United States 
Govei'nment m the Southern 
District of New Jersey. That 
was the beginnmg of his politi- 
cal career and he served in that 
relation for eight years. 

His work municipally was, 
until the time he reached the 
Mayoralty, m the City Council 
;ind hi the Board of Education. 
'.He was first elected to the local 
Tsi^hooi board in March of 1891 
aiid served until an act of the 
legislature ordered the replace- 
ment of the board by an appoin- 
tive Commission of Public In- 
struction. The act was passed 
on the eve of Mayor Pratt's re- 
tirement from office ; and. on the 
day his term expired, the Mayor appointed Mr. Ellis to serve on the new 
Commission. Mayor Wescott, who took office the next day, contested the 
right of the former Mayor to appoint the members of the Commission ; and 
the courts sustained him. That decision, of course, ousted the Commis- 
sioners whom Mayor Pratt had appointed and gave the power of appoint- 
ment to Mayor Wescott. Mr. Ellis was one of Mayor Pratt's appointees 
whom Mayor Wescott selected for the new Board. Mr. Ellis was first 
President of the new board. In 1892 he was elected to the City Council, 
made leader on the floor of the Chamber, and m 1894 became the President 
of the body. In 1903 he was given the republican nomination for Mayor; 
and, elected then, was re-elected in 1907, 1910, 1913 and 1916. 

Ely 159 

Mayor Ellis is a member of Trimble Lodge No. 117 F. & A. M., of Ex- 
celsior and Perfection Consistory, Scottish Rite, of the Tall Cedars of 
Lebanon, Consent Temple Knights of Mystic Shruie, Senatus Lodge I. O. 
O. F., the Leni Lenape, the I. O. R. M., the Woodmen of America, Camden 
Council A"o. 17 Order North America, Lydia Dinah Council, Jr. O. U. A. M., 
Evening Star Council, Sr. O. U. A. M., Washington Camp P. O. S. of A., 
Camden Lodge No. Ill L. O. O. M., Rebeccah Lodge I. O. O. F. Dewey 
Temple O. U. A. M. Camden Lodge No. 293 B. P. O. E., and the Yomig 
Men's Christian Association, honorary member of the Physicians Motor 
Club and a member of the Strollers Club of Philadelphia and the Sixth 
Ward Republican Club of Camden. 

ADDISON ELY— Rutherford— Lawyer. Born in Westfield, 
Mass., May 23, 1853; son of William and Emiline (Harrison) Ely; 
married in 1874 to Emily A. Johnson of Connecticut Farms. 

Addison Ely is descended from families living in Massachusetts since 
early colonial times. Captain Levy Ely who was killed ia the battle of Mo- 
hawk during the Revolution is of his line ; and his grandfather on his moth- 
er's side was a cousin of President William Henry Harrison, whose grand- 
son. Benjamin Harrison, later was also President of the United States. Upon 
the death of Mr. Ely's mother in '62, tbe family moved to Bloomfield. 
Having been educated in part at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, he 
became at eighteen a teacher in the District School in Connecticut Farms 
and afterwards principal of the Caldwell High School and of the public 
school at Rutherford. He was admitted to the Bar as an attorney in 1888, 
becoming a counselor in '91 ; and has since practiced his profession at his 
office in Bergen' County. 

In 1896 he was the Democratic candidate for a seat in the National 
Congress and in 1900 a delegate to the National Democratic Convention held 
at Kansas City. Of militant temperment too, he has connected himself 
with Co. C, 3rd Regiment N. G. N. J. and since 1893 has been Captain of 
Co. L, 2nd Regiment. In '98 he served m the Spanish-American War and 
was Provost Marshal of General Lee's Corps at Jacksonville. 

JOHN H. ELY — Newark, (07 Pennsylvania Avenue) — Archi- 
tect. Born New Hope, Pa., Jvuie 13th, 1851; son of Matthias C. 
and Keziah (Stackhouse) Ely: married at Cranbury Neck, (N. J.) 
Dec. 13th, 1871, to Lydia Helen Wilson, daughter of Dr. Ezekiel 
and Hannah (Bergen) Wilson. 

Children : Wilson C. ; Mrs. Ida M. Bemiss. 

John H. Ely is of English extraction on his father's side ; his mother 
w^as of French Imeage. Joshua Ely, who came from Dmiham, Notting- 
ham, England, in 1635, purchased four hundred acres of land in what 
was then called Burlington County, New Jersey. The lot on which the 

160 Embury 

State House, Trenton, now stands, adjoined his tract on the south. The 
father of Mr. Ely was engaged in the lumber business in Pennsylvania for 
a number of years, but about twenty years before his death he came to 
this State, where he died, February 8th, 1895. 

Mr. Ely attended the public schools in New Hope, Bucks county. Pa., 
until he was seven years of age, and in White Haven, Lucerne County, Pa., 
for five years afterwards. He completed his schooling in the public schools 
of this State, whither he came with his father's family when he was twelve 
years of age. And when the choice of a life callmg became necessary, he 
chose that of the architect. He has followed his profession, in Newark 
smce 1885. Many important buildings are of his planning. Among these 
is the great new City Hall in Newark — one of the most imposing and beau- 
tiful municipal buildings m the country. He also planned and built the 
city's new hospital. These great public works were accomplished in co- 
laboration with his son. 

Mr. Ely is a worker in the ranks of the Democratic party. He was 
elected to serve m the Common Council of Newark for two years. 1S92 and 
1895 ; and at the organization of the Council in 1895, a imanimous vote, 
made him its President. He was one of the Committee of 1()0 that aided 
in the city's 250th Anniversary festivities : and he has served on some of 
the city commissions. In 1909 and 1910 he was appointed a member of 
the Shade Tree Commission ; in 1911 a trustee of the Free Public Library, 
and m 1912 a member of the Board of Directors of the Newark Museum 
Association. He is also a member of the Excise Board. 

Mrs. Ely is a granddaughter of the Rev. Peter Wilson who was on 
the circuit embracing Hightstown, Hamilton Square and Trenton early in 
the nineteenth century. Of Mr. Ely's children, Wilson C. his partner in 
business, was married on .Tune 2, 1897, to Grace R. Chamberlain, of James- 
burg. His daughter Ida May, married, in February. 1898. Dr. E. D. Bemiss, 
of Newark. 

Among the professional associations with which he has allied himself, 
is the American Institute of Architects, and he is one of the charter mem- 
bers of the New Jersey Chapter of the Institute. He is also a thirty-second 
degree Mason and a member of Salaam Temple, associated with the Car- 
taret Book Club, the Newark Board of Trade and the New Jersey His- 
torical Society and a member of the Essex Clvib. the Gottfried Krueger 
Association, the Masonic Club of New Jersey and the Washington Asso- 

AYMAR EMBURY— Englewood.— Architect. Born in New York, 
August 15, 1880; son of Aymar and Fannie Miller (Bates) Em- 
bury; married May 14, 1901, to Dorothy Coe, of Englewood. 

Aymar Embury, in his architect work, specializes in country houses. 
He has planned and supervised the construction of more then 250 of these, 
and is the author of two or three books on architectural topics. He has 
also directed the erection of some hotels and library buildings and banks in 
the covmtry. 

Mr. Embury entered Princeton University and, graduated with the C. E. 
degree in 1900. was given the M. S. degree in 1901. He had been in" busi- 

Evans 161 

ness for three years in New York when in 1904 he became an instructor in 
architecture at Princeton University but he was there for only a year, re- 
turning tlien to liis practice. 

Mr. Embury is the author of "100 Country Houses," 1908 ; "The Dutch 
Colonial House," 1912; "Country Houses," 1914; "Early American Church- 
es," 1914. He is a member of the A. I. A., the Architectural League, New 
York, Princeton Engineering Society, and is connected with The Players, 
the Englewood Coimtry, the Knickerbocker Coimtry Clubs. 

Mr. Embury has a New I'ork otfice at i;>2 Madison Avenue. 

ALLEN B. ENDICOTT— Atlantic City.— Jurist. Born at May's 

Landing, March 7, 1857 ; son of Thomas Doughty and Ajine Pen- 
nington Endicott. 

Children : Mrs. H. K. Read ; Thomas Pennington ; Allen Brown ; 
Paul Davis. 

Allen B. Endicott, who is widely known as a jurist in South Jersey, 
was for eleven years City Collector of Atlantic City, served meanwhile 
as Collector of Atlantic County for the six years followmg May of 1883, 
was Common Pleas Judge of the comity for more than six years. Circuit 
Court Judge for seven years and is President of the Board of Trustees of 
the Atlantic Rescue Mission, and of the New Jersey Simday School 
Council of Adult Bible Class Work. His first appomtment as Presiding 
Judge of the comity courts came from Gov. Griggs. He served only the 
single term at that time but ; in 1898 he was again appointed by Governor 
Griggs. In December, 1903, Governor Murphy nominated him to the State 
Senate for Circuit Court Judge to fill a vacancy caused by the death, in 
November of that year, of James H. Nixon. While he has not been active 
in the politics of late years. Judge Endicott is republican and Gov. Wilson 
who was in office at the time, being a democrat, he failed of reappomtment, 
in 1911. 

Judge Endicott acquired his early education in the local schools, and, 
subsequently attending the Peddie Institute at Hightstown, graduated in 
June, 1876, with the Ph. B. degree. He read law with Peter L. Yoorhees 
of Camden and graduated from the law department of the University of 
Pennsylvania m 1879. 

Judge Endicott was President of the New Jersey Bar Association in 
1905-1906. He is the organizer and teacher of the four hmidred members of 
the Allen Brown Bible Class of the First Presbyterian Church and is super- 
intendent of Adult Bible Class Work in Atlantic Covmty. Besides the 
Ph. B. degree conferred by Peddie Institute he holds the LL. B. degree from 
the University of Pennsylvania. He is a member of the Board of Gover- 
nors of Peddie Institute and of the Board of. Governors of the Atlantic 
City Hospital and President (since its organization in 1889) of the Union 
National Bank of Atlantic City. 

BRIXTON D. EVANS — Morris Plains.— Alienist. Born in Caro- 
line Comity, Md., October 1, 1858 sou of Dr. Lewis W. and Lucinda 



(Booue) Evans; luariied in 1889 to Addie E. Dill, a native of 
Maryland, but at tMt time a resident of Wilmington, Del. 

Children : Britten Buckley, Margaret Snow, Helen Sotliern, and 
Louise Duroc. 

Dr. Britton D. Evans, who has been Medical Director of the New 
Jersey State Hospital at Morris Plains, for more than twenty-five years 
and who is in high repute as an authority on mental diseases, is a direct 
descendant, on his father's side, of Christman Evans, eminent Welsh 
divine, and. on his mother's side, of Daniel Boone, the celebrated Kentucky 
pioneer. His father, a graduate of two of the medical schools of Phila- 
delphia and a practitioner for many years in that city, was first married 
to a Miss Patton ; Lucinda Boone was his second wife. Dr. Evan's grand- 
father. Colonel Britton Evans, 
served imder General Harrison 
in the war of 1812, with the 
rank of lieutenant of artillery, 
took part ui the war with Mexi- 
co, and in the Florida war and 
at the time of his death was 
organizing a company to go to 
Greece to help her in her strug- 
gle for independence against 
Turkey. His original commis- 
sion, signed by Presidents Mon- 
roe and Madison, and also the 
origmal credentials which en- 
abled him to organize a company 
in aid of the Greeks, are in the 
possession of Dr. Evans. 

Doctor Evans was reared to 
manhood in his native State, 
acquiring an academic educa- 
tion which prepared him for the 
activities of life. Later he be- 
came a student in the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons of Baltimore, from which he was graduated in the 
class of 1885. He located for active practice ui Millington, Kent County, 
Md., and continued thus employed for two years, when he was appointed 
upon the staff of surgeons of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. With- 
out solicitation on his part, he was called to the position of Assistant Medi- 
cal Superintendent of the Maryland Hospital for the Insane at Catons- 
ville, in which capacity he served for nearly five years, gaining a valuable 
experience. He then resigned in order to accept the position of Medical 
Superintendent of the Maryland Institution for the Feeble-minded; and 
after a very short period he was offered the position of Medical Director of 
The New Jersey State Hospital at Morris Plains — this being tendered to 
him for his efficiency and ability in psychistry and the care and treatment 
of the insane. 

He entered upon his duties there on June 1, 1892. He had not been 


Fagan 163 

there a year when he promoted the change of the name of the institution 
from "The Morristown Asylum" to "The New Jersey State Hospital at 
Morris Plains." The term "asylum" signifies a place where mentally in- 
firm persons are kept and protected against the Adcessitudes incident to the 
struggle of life, while a "hospital" is, in addition, an mstitution where per- 
sons who are ill, whether mentally or physically, are treated by the most 
up-to-date methods. For this purpose numerous infirmaries and operating 
rooms have been opened, where patients are treated in bed and receive all 
the nursing care and medical attention their cases need. He has also, with 
the co-operation of the Board of Managers, established a training school 
for nurses from which, since October 30, 1894, 240 have been graduated. 
A new dormitory building with a capacity for 600 patients, a home for the 
nurses, and buildings for the isolation and treatment of the insane of the 
hospital suffering from tuberculosis, have been erected ; and a number of 
new departments established. The number of patients on June 1, 1892, 
when Dr. Evans assumed the oflBce of Medical Director was 939 and at the 
present date is about 2700. 

Dr. Evans has appeared as witness in many cases both in New York 
State and New Jersey, the most important of which being the Prussor case 
in Albany, N. Y., the Teranova case m New York City, the James Joseph 
Gallagher case, the J. Armstrong Chaloner case and in the two Thaw trials 
and the subsequent haebus corpus proceedings. His contribution to the 
medical literature of the world on nervous and mental diseases have been 
numerous and valuable. 

Dr. Evans is a member of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the 
State of Maryland, the American Medical Association, the Medical Society 
of New Jersey, the Medico-Legal Society of New York, the American Medi- 
co-Psychological Association, the National Society for the Study and Care 
of Epileptics or--Insane, the National Conference of Charities and Correc- 
tion, ex-President of the Morris County Medical Society, and an honorary 
member of the Temperance Reform League of Boston, a society organized 
for the scientific study and cure of inebriety, a member of the staff of All 
Souls Hospital, Morristown, ex-President of the Tri-County Medical So- 
ciety, Councillor of the American Congress of Internal Medicine for the 
State of New Jersey, and Fellow of the American College of Physicians. 
He is also a member of the Free and Accepted Masons, Improved Order 
of Red Men and the Royal Arcanum. He is a member of the Methodist 
church, as is also his wife. 

MARK M. FAGAN— Jersey City, (527 Jersey Avenue. ) —Under- 
taker. Born in Jersey City, in 1864; married in 1911. 

Mark M. Fagan was an assistant in his uncle's undertaker establish- 
ment when, in 1903, he was elected Mayor of Jersey City. When the people 
of Jersey City changed the form of local government by the acceptance of 



the Commission Rule system, lie was elected one of the members of the 
Commission and chosen by his colleagues on the Commission to perform 
the functions of a Mayor. 

Mayor Fagan has been a member of the Board of Freeholders and of 
the State Tax Board, and has held other county and state offices. He is a 
republican in politics and an attendant of the Catholic Church. 

DUDLEY FARRAND— Newark, (49 Lincoln Park).— Electrical 
Engineer. Born in Bloomtield, Feb. 21, 1867 ; son of Charles and 
Anna (Farrand) Farrand; married m Newark, Nov. 9th, 1899, to 
Jane Champenois, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Champenois, 
of Newark. 

Children : Dudley Champenois, born May 3rd, 1901, (died July 
19th, 1901;) Louise Champenois, born May 2, 1903, (died Nov. 11th, 
1905 ; ) Laura Jean, born Feb. 10th, 1907. 

The Farrand family comes of the French Hugeunots. Nathan Farrand, 
first of the family on this side of the sea of whom there is any mention, is 
noted in an ancient record as having settled in Milford, Conn., in 1645, His 
son, also Nathan, came to Newark in 1691 and rose to be a Judge of the 

Essex County Court ; and Beth- 
uel Farrand, great-great-grand- 
father of Mr. Farrand, was a 
lieutenant in the Patriot Army 
durmg the Revolution. 

Dudley Farrand was educated 
in the Bloomfield schools, Com- 
mon and High, and at the New- 
ark Academy. Later, in 1887, he 
entered Prmcetou College but 
did not take the course. Elec- 
tricity was then just beginnmg 
to burst on the notice of men 
as a new force of nature that 
might be harnessed for human 
use. The rising generation be- 
came interested in it : and young 
Farrand, deciding not to take 
the course at Princeton, accepted 
a position with the Newark Elec- 
tric Light and Power Company. 
He has since tilled every position in the electrical department of that com- 
pany and of the now Puldic Service Corporation, which absorbed it. 

Mr. Farrand had been with the Electric Light and Power Company for 
only two years when he was made Assistant Secretary of the Company; 

Farrand 165 

and two years afterwards was promoted to the position of Assistant Mana- 
ger, with charge of the operating department ; in 1892 he was phiced in 
charge of Design and Construction. Thence his rise to higher positions 
was rapid. He became Assistant Manager of the company in 1896, and 
a year later was made General Manager. The supervision of the company's 
work all over New Jersey was given to him in 1899 ; and in 1903, when the 
company had gone under the wing of the Public Service Corporation of New 
Jersey, he was made General Manager of its electric department. Later, 
when the energies of the Public Service Corporation were differentiated, it 
established the Public Service Electric Company to take over and operate 
all of its electric properties. Mr. Farrand was made Vice President and 
General Manager of that company ; and when, at the outbreak of hostilities 
between United States and Germany, Gen. HLne was given a leave of ab- 
sence, Mr. Farrand was made Assistant to President McCarter of the Public 
Service Corporation. 

Mr. Farrand's skill and expertness as an electrical engineer have com- 
manded wide attention. He assisted the Board of Engineers, in an advisory 
way. in compiling data for the use of the National Conservation Commis- 
sion appointed by President Roosevelt ; and later was invited by the Presi- 
dent to represent the electric interests in the first Conference of Governors, 
held at the White House in May, 1908. 

Mr. Farrand was a private in the First Troop of Cavalry of New 
Jersey (Essex troop) from 1893 to 1898. He is a member of the American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers, a Fellow of the American Institute Elec- 
trical Engineers and Past President of the National Electric Light Associa- 
tion. His club memberships are with the Engineers (N. Y.), Essex (New- 
ark), Essex County Country Club (West Orange), Rumson Country and the 
Sea Bright Beach, and he is one of the Sons of American Revolution. 

Mr. Farrand's summer home is at Fair Haven, (Monmouth Co.) 

WILSON FARRAND — South Orange. — Head Master. Born 
Sept. 22, 1862; son of Samuel Ashbel and Louise (Wilson) Far- 
rand, and brother of Max Farrand, Professor of History, Yale Col- 
lege, and of Livingston Farrand, President University of Colorado ; 
married at Boston, on Nov. 23, 1889, to Margaret Washburne Wal- 
ker, daughter of James P. and Mary A. Walker, of Boston, Mass. 

Children : Margaret L., Katharme, and Dorothy W. 

Wilson Farrand is Head Master of the Newark Academy, which was 
founded in 1792, and of which his father became head in 1859. He is one 
of a family of brothers who are distinguished in the educational and scho- 
lastic life of the country. Mr. Farrand achieved a high reputation in col- 
lege for his literary proficiency, and bore away the first Lynde Debate prize 
when he graduated from Princeton University with the class of '86 ; and has 
been a frequent speaker at dinners and on other public occasions. He was 



for six mouths Assistant Editor of Scribner's Magazine, edited Carlyle's 
"Essay ou Burns" in 1896 and Tennyson's "Princess" in 1898 ; and has writ- 
ten and lectured considerably on literary topics. 

Those, however, of his papers that have attracted most attention have 
been on educational topics. He has been particularly effective in the move- 
ment to bring about miiformity in the matter of college entrance require- 
ments and in establishing the relations of the schools to the colleges. His 
address before the Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the 
Middle States and Maryland in November. 1893. described by the "Edu- 
cational Review" for January, 1894, as "a lucid and cogent paper on the 
work m preparatory schools in English," resulted in the appointment of a 
committee (with Mr. Farrand for a member) to secure uniformity in col- 
lege requirements iu English. The adoption of the first uniform entrance 
requirement in any subject by the American colleges followed ; and Mr. 
Farrand. since its foundation, has been a member of the National Con- 
ference ou Uniform Entrance Requirements in English — for a numlier of 
years past, its Secretary. With President Butler, of Columbia University, 

he was on the committee that 
planned the organization of the 
College Entrance Examination 
Board, and is yet chairman of 
its Committee ou Examination 
Ratings and a member of the 
Committee of Review. 

A paper which he read before 
the School Masters' Association 
in 1905 on the question whether 
college requirements are too 
great in quantity led the Asso- 
ciation to devote all of its meet- 
ings for a year to the considera- 
tion of the subject ; and as the 
result of a second paper, laid 
before the New England Asso- 
ciation of Colleges and Prepara- 
tory Schools, a halt was called 
on the tendency to increase col- 
lege requirements and in many 
cases they were distinctly re- 
Dr. Farrand was President of the School Masters' Association of New 
York (1895-6) ; and in his inaugural speech made a plea for a reform of 
college entrance requirements that moved President Seth Low. of Colum- 
bia, and President Eliot, of Harvard, to unite m calling a conference for a 
discussion of the problem. The conference was attended by representatives 
of Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Prmceton, Cornell and the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and by representatives of the secondary schools. Mr. Farrand 
was chairman of the committee charged with the selection of the Secondary 
School representatives, and participated, besides, in the general work of 
the Conference. At the annual meeting, at Jolms Hopkins University, of the 

Feickert 167 

Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools, Mr. Farrand returned to 
the subject with a strikmg address. 

When m 1906 a new committee, known as the National Conference 
Committee on Standards of Colleges and Secondary Schools, was organized, 
Mr. Farrand was named to represent the College Entrance Examination 
Board, which, with the Carnegie Foundation, the Association of State Uni- 
versities and the various associations of colleges and secondary schools, 
had delegates in attendance. Mr. Farrand, as First Vice-President, be- 
came President of the Conference. Its influence is felt throughout the 
College system of the country ; and Mr. Farrand's position on it has en- 
abled him to establish intimate relations and co-operation with some of 
the leading educational authorities of the nation. 

In 1909 Mr. Farrand was elected Alumni Trustee of Prmceton Uni- 
versity for a term of five years, and in 1914 was re-elected for a second 
term. His educational experience and wide acquaintance with school and 
college men especially qualify him for work of this kind, and ever since 
his first election to the Board he has been one of its most active and influen- 
tial members. 

Dr. Farrand's early education was acquired at the private school con- 
ducted by his father in New York City, and at the Newark Academy. 
Upon his graduation there in 1878, he passed entrance examinations for 
admission to Prmceton University, but, because of his health, decided to 
suspend his studies for a while and connected himself with a banking 
establishment in New York City. Returning to his books in 1882, he grad- 
uated at Princeton University, with the class of '86. His brief connection 
with Scribner's Magazhie followed. Six months later he was made a 
Master in the Newark Academy. In '89 he was appointed Associate Head 
Master and in 1901 became the Head Master of the Academy. His ad- 
ministration has built it into one of the leading educational institutions 
in the East. It hfis had a long waiting list for years past. 

Dr. Farrand holds the degree of Master of Arts from Princeton Uni- 
versity and Columbia. He is a member of the National Conference on 
Uniform Entrance Requirements m English, 1891 (now Secretary), College 

Entrance Examination Board, 1900 , National Conference Committee 

on Standards of Colleges and Secondary Schools, Schoolmasters' Associa- 
tion of New York (President 1895-6), Middle States Association Colleges 
and Preparatory Schools (President 1902), Head Masters' Association of 
U. S. (President 1911), New England Society of Orange (President 1906-8). 
President Princeton Alumni Federation of New Jersey, 1909-11, Alumni 
Trustee Princeton University and Director State Charities Aid Associa- 
tion of New Jersey. He is a Presbyterian. His clubs are the University, 
Century, Prmceton (New York), Essex (Newark), and Nassau (Prince- 

His address is Newark Academy, Newark. 

LILLIAN FORI) FEICKERT (Mrs. Edward F.) — Plain- 
field. — Woman Suffragist. Born in New York City, on July 

16S Feigenspan 

20, 1S7S: iiuui-ied at New York, to Edward Foster Feic- 


Lillian Ford Feickert is 
President of the New Jer- 
sey Women Suffrage Asso- 
ciation and is now serving 
her fifth term in that po- 
sition. She is of English, 
Scotch and Irish ancestry, 
her direct ancestors hav- 
ing come to Massachusetts 
in 1624, in the ship "For- 
tune." She has lived in 
New Jersey for fourteen 
years, and has been active 
in local and State woman 
suffrage work for the 
greater part of that 
Mrs. Feickert is a member of Contmental Chapter of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution and of several women's clubs. 

CHRISTIAN W. FEIGENSPAN— Newark, (53 Lincoln Park.) 
— Banker and Brewer. Born in Newark December 7. 1876 ; son 
of Christian and Rachel Laible Feigenspan ; married December 
1910, to Alls Rule, of Cincinnati, O. 

Christian W. Feigenspan is the son of the late Christian Feigenspan 
who came to this country from Germany when a young man and estab- 
lished himself in business here, founding the brewery which bears his name, 
about forty years ago. He died in 1899. leavmg a large fortune. 

Mr. Feigenspan was educated in the public schools of Newark, the 
Barnard School for Boys in New York City, and Cornell University. After 
completing his studies at the University he spent several years in 

Upon the death, in December, 1907, of Christian W. Stengel, President 
of the Christian Feigenspan Corporation, Mr. Feigenspan was elected Presi- 
dent and began his business career. Durmg the eight years since he be- 
came the head of the corporation, it has become one of the leading 
breweries of the country. 

About six years ago Mr. Feigenspan became one of the founders and 
President of the Commercial Casualty Insurance Company, with a home 
office in Newark. The Commercial Casualty Insurance Company is now 
one of the largest financial and insurance institutions of the state. 



Mr. Feigenspan was elected President of the Federal Trust Company 
about a year ago. His experience as Director of the Federal Trust Com- 
pany, the Union National Bank and the German Savings Bank gave him 
an insight into the banking business. He had acted as a member of the 
Auditing Committees of the two first-named banks. 

Mr. Feigenspan has been a member of the City Plan Commission since 
Its organization ; and he was a member of the Committee of One Hundred 

for the celebration of Newark's 
250th Anniversary, being vice- 
chairman and a member of the 
Executive and Fmance Commit- 
tees. He is also a member of the 
Memorial Building Committee. 
During the recent anniversary 
celebration in Newark, Mr. Fei- 
genspan donated to the City a 
reproduction of what has been 
called the finest equestrian 
statue of the world — that of 
Bartholomeo Colleoni, by Ver- 
rocliio, which has been one of 
the artistic landmarks of Venice 
since about 1490. This magnifi- 
cent reproduction, executed b.v 
J. Massey Rhind, the well known 
Scottish- American sculptor, 
stands 45 feet high and is an 
exact copy of the original. The 
statue is of bronze and the ped- 
estal of Cherokee marble sur- 
romided by a bronze frieze. The 
statue is erected in Clinton Park, Newark, and its miveiling on July 26th, 
1916, with appropriate ceremonies, was one of the features of the city's 
250th birthday celebration. 

In connection with the alterations and additions to the German Hos- 
pital of Newark, Mr. Feigenspan and Mr. William F. Hoffman (also of 
Newark) have recently given a new building to the hospital to 'be used 
for the exclusive treatment of children. This new building when com- 
pleted will have accommodations for twenty-four beds with full hospital 

Mr. Feigenspan is very much interested in photography and has a 
fine collection of photographs which he has taken. He is much interested, 
too, in horticulture, and, very fond of outdoor life and sports, has been 
rated as one of the best shots in the country. 

Mr. Feigenspan is a member of the Essex Comity Country Club, the 
Down Town Club and many other organizations. 

JAMES CHAMPLIN FERNALD— Upper Montclair. — Clergy- 
man, Author, Editor. Born at Portland. Me., August 18, 1883 ; son 



of Henry B. and Mabel C. Fernald ; married April 29, 1869, to 
Mary Beulah Griggs, of Rutland, Vt., one of the early graduates 
of Vassar College, and a member of the church where he held his 
first pastorate ; after a brief union she died June 7, 1870 ; June 18, 
1873, married to Nettie S. Barker, daughter of Charles Luther and 
Rachel Maxwell Barker, of McConnelsville, O., graduate of Shep- 
ardson College, Granville, O. 

Children: (livmg) Charles Barker, Lawyer, Equitable Buildmg, 
New York ; Henry Barker, of the firm of Loomis, SvifCern & Fer- 
nald, certified public accountants, Singer Building, New York ; 
Luther Dana, Manager of liCslie's Weekly, Fifth Avenue. New 
York; James Gordon, member of the Senior Class (1917) of Brown 
LTniversity ; Grace Maxwell ( Ph. D. ) , teacher of Psychology, State 
Normal School, Los Angeles, Cal. ; Mabel Ruth, (Ph. I).), director 
of the Laboratory of Social Hygiene, Bedford Hills. New Y'ork. 

James C. Fernald's father and grandfather, like himself, were also born 
in Portland, Me. ; his great-grandfather, at Kitterey, Me. — the American 
family tracing its descent from members of the party who came from Eng- 
land to found the first settlement 
at Portsmouth. N. H.. in 1(540. 

Dr. Fernald graduated from 
Harvard University in 1860, 
with the degree of A. B., taking 
in his senior year the first Bow- 
doin Prize for English Compo- 
sition. He graduated in 1863 
from the Newton Theological In- 
stitution. In 1862 and 1863 he 
spent some time with the army 
before Fredericksburg and at 
Gettysburg in the work of the 
Massachusetts Soldiers' Relief 
Association. He was ordained 
to the Baptist ministry in 1864 
at Rutland, Vt., and from that 
time until 1889, ofliciated as pas- 
tor of churches at Rutland, Vt., 
Waterville, Me., and, in Ohio, at 
Granville, McConnelsville, Clyde, 
Gallon, Springfield and Garretts- 
ville, also laboring extensively 
by voice and pen in the temperance work throughout the state. He had 
meanwhile spent a year in European travel and several years in govern- 
ment service in Washmgton, D. C. 

From 1889, Dr. Fernald was editor of Synonyms, Antonyms, and Pre- 
positions of the "Standard Dictionary," and afterwards prepared all the 
abridgments of that work,— the entire series, from the "Students' Standard 
Dictionary" to the "Vest-Pocket Dictionary." He was for a time editor of 
the "Homiletic Review" and also associate editor of the "Columbian En- 



cyclopedia." From 1905 to 1909, lie was Dean of the Department of Eng- 
lish in the Intercontinental University, and I.ecturer on English Prose Style 
at the Washington, D. C, Y. M. C. A, and L. H. D., Dickinson Univ., 1904. 
As an author. Dr. Fernald has published "'The Economics of Prohibi- 
tion," (1S90) ; "English Synonyms, Antonyms, and Prepositions," (1896) ; 
"The New Womanhood," (1894) ; "The Spaniard in History," (1898) ; "The 
Imperial Republic," (1898) ; "The Home Training of Children," (1898) ; 
"True Motherhood," (1900) ; "Connectives of English Speech," (1904) ; "A 
Working Grammar of the English Language," (1907) ; and "English Gram- 
mar Simplified," (1915). 

ISAAC FERRIS— :Merchantville.— Manufacturer. Born m Phil- 
adelphia, Pa., October 4. 1854; son of Isaac and Dorothea (Lare) 
Ferris ; married at Camden, 1880, to Sarah Yeager, daughter of 
Henry and Sarah Yeager, of Camden. 

Isaac Ferris has been for many years an active factor iii the sboe 
manufacturing industry in the south section of New Jersey. His father 
was a type of the old time shoe maker, employing a few journeymen to 
assist him at the bench and making his sales to the shoe dealers. Mr. Fer- 
ris, while attending the schools of the town, became acquamted with the 

busmess of the shop ; and by 
the time he was sixteen years 
old was as able to fashion a 
shoe as his father was. He was 
employed afterwards for a short 
time In a shoe factory, and soon 
learned the art of manufactur- 
ing by the methods of the later 
days. He started a little fac- 
tory of his own in 1876 when 
he was twenty-two years of age 
with limited capital, but suc- 
ceeded well enough to, in 1884, 
build a larger factory in South 
Camden. He continued there 
until 1900 in the management 
and control of a constantly 
growing business. 

It's magnitude eventually com- 
pelled him to provide himself 
with more ample quarters ; and 
the factory at Second and Mar- 
ket Streets in Camden was the 
result. It is still in operation there. The busmess grew, and in April, 1916, 
it passed into the hands of a corporation, known as the Ferris Shoe Com- 
pany, and employing a capital of $2,000,000, which Mr. Ferris helped to 
organize. While Mr. Ferris is not now active in carrymg on the business 

172 Fewsmitli 

he is a Director of the company and largely interested m it financially. 
The company has, besides its factory in Camden, another in Cleveland, O., 
and has recently put up a third factory in Philadelphia. 

Mr. Ferris is a Director in the Camden National Bank and the Securi- 
ty Trust Co. in Camden and of several companies. His only club member- 
ship is with the Manufacturers of Philadelphia. 

JOSEPH FEWSMITH— Newark, (72 Washhigton Street.) — 
Physician and Surgeon. Born at Auburn, N. Y., on Jan. 31, 1851 ; 
son of Joseph and Emma C. (Livingston) Fewsmith ; married at 
Newark on April, 1880, to Jean A. Hendry, daughter of Hugh 
Hendry of Scotland. 

Children : Jean, born in 1897. 

Joseph Fewsmith, widely known among the physicians and surgeons of 
the state, is of English Imeage on his father's side ; his paternal ancestors 
were of Quaker stock and figured during the Revolutionary period. On 
his mother's side he is of Dutch and Scotch origm. His father, a D. D., 
was for thirty-seven years Pastor of the Second Presbyterian church in 
Newark, of which Dr. Fewsmith is no\^' one of the trustees. 

Dr. Fewsmith's earlier education was acquired at the Newark Academy 
and at Philips Academy in Andover, Mass. He graduated from Yale College 
in 1871, from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, in 1874 
and pursued his medical and surgical studies at Roosevelt Hospital in 1875, 
at Vienna (Austria) in 1877 and at Woolwich Military hospital in London. 
He established himself as a practitioner in Newark, and has since been 
engaged there. 

Dr. Fewsmith is connected professionally with a large number of hos- 
pitals. He has been President of the Medical Board of St. Michael's Hos- 
pital in Newark for a number of years, is surgeon for the Delaware, 
La"ckawanna and Western Railroad Company and examiner for the Mutual 
Benefit Insurance Company of Newark and for the Northwestern Mutual 
Life Insurance Company of New York. He is attending physician at the 
Protestant Foster Home, consultmg physician to the Home for Crippled 
Children and for eight years was a Trustee of the Newark City Home at 

Dr. Fewsmith is a member of the Essex Comity Country Club, of 
Newark, the New Jersey Automobile Club, and many medical societies. 

WILLIAM H. F. FIEDLER— Newark. (171 Littleton Avenue.) 
Real Estate. — Born in New York, August 25th, 1847 son of Chris- 
tian F. and Elizabeth J. (Roemer) Fiedler; married Jan. 2nd, 
1871, to Catherine Petronella Moeller. 

Children : W. C, born June 18, 1875 ; Ernest J., born May 2nd, 
1878; Bertha (Mrs. Frank W. Sandford) born August 2, 1880. 

Mr. Fiedler's father was born in Germany. He came to this side 
in 1841 ; and in 1842 he met the lady who afterwards became his wife. 




She, like himself, was of German parentage. The parents came to Newark 
to live when Wm. H. Fiedler \yas two years old. Educated at the Morton 
Street public school, Mr. Fiedler was apprenticed as hat finisher, and sub- 
sequently became a clerk in a hat store. His experiences and observa- 
tions of the possibilities of that line of business led him to establish a 
store for himself four years later, and he was engaged for many years in 
the hat business. He is now associated with his two sons in he Fiedler 
Corporation, which is engaged in a real-estate and insurance business in 

Mr. Fiedler's interest in public affairs was aroused in his early man- 
hood ; and in 1S76 the Democrats of the sixth ward elected him to a seat in 

the Board of Aldermen of the 
city. A year later he was elect- 
ed to the legislature as a Mem- 
ber of Assembly. At that time 
the Assemblymen were elected 
by districts ; he represented the 
eighth. He was the first to agi- 
tate the question of convict la- 
bor and he pushed through an 
act for-biddmg the manufacture 
of hats m the prisons of the 
state ; a second — against the 
manufacture of boots and shoes 
in prisons — struggled through 
the Assembly, but fell by the 
way-side m the Senate. 

In the second year of his ser- 
vice he was a member of the 
committee that investigated a 
charge of attempted bribery, 
made on the floor of the Assem- 
bly, against a railroad lobbyist, 
by Assemblymen Shinn of Atlan- 
tic. One of the railroad companies had projected into the House an act 
closing most of the water front streets in Jersey City for its use ; and 
Shinn, fluttering five $100 bills in the face of the House members one morn- 
mg, declared that a railroad lobbyist had put the money under his pillow 
m the hope of buying his vote for the measure. The Assembly ordered an 
investigation by a special committee, of which Assemblyman Fiedler was 
made a member. 

In the Fall of 1879, Mr. Fiedler was picked by the Democratic City 
Convention as the candidate of that party for Mayor of Newark. There 
was strong agitation in Newark at the time for a strict observance of the 
liquor-saloon Sunday closing law ; and the republicans nominated Thomas 
Macknet, President of the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company of 
Newark on that platform. Though no pledges were exacted of him, Mr. 
Fiedler was understood to be for the more liberal policy. He overcame 
the normal republican majority of the city and was elected by the largest 
majority that had been given to any candidate for Mayor up to that time. 

174 Fielder 

Before the expiration of his term, he had discovered frauds of a sensational 
character in the Auditors ofiice and irregularities in other departments, that 
were afterwards made the subject of grand jury inquiry. He was renomi- 
nated by the democrats for the Mayoralty two years later by acclamation ; 
but the over-confidence of his friends defeated him. The majority against 
him however was only 200. 

The election of 1881 left the House of Assembly a tie — the democrats 
with thirty votes, the republicans with thirty. Captain Bruemmer, one of 
the thirty republicans, elected from the 8th district of Essex, died. That 
reduced the Republican thirty to twenty-nine and left the democrats in 
the majority but still short one of the thirty-one votes needed to organize 
the House. Governor Abbett ordered a special election to fill the vacancy ; 
and Mr, Fiedler was put up by the democrats for the office. The district 
was normally republican ; but on the special election day in January, 1882, 
Mr. Fiedler surprised the state by carrying it. His triumph gave the demo- 
crats the needed thirty-first vote, and the organization of the House. It 
brought him into such prominence, that he was urged to become a candidate 
for Speaker but he declined to participate actively in the canvass and in 
the end helped to put John T. Dunn, of Elizabeth, in the Chair. 

In the fall of 1882 Mayor Fiedler was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in Congress. When he ran for the second term in 1884, the swing 
of the republicans in the Presidential election defeated him. While serving 
ui Congress he was made a member of the Committee on the District of 
Columbia which supervises the local affairs of the city of Washington ; and 
because of his consequent acquaintance with District affairs, his friends 
were moved to urge his appointment as a District Commissioner, but he 
declined to be a candidate. President Cleveland however appointed him 
Post Master of Newark, a position which he held until the republicans, with 
Harrison, regauied control of the White House. 

Mr. Fiedler is a member of the Newark Charter Commission ; Trustee 
of the Newark Institution of Arts and Sciences ; Director German Savings 
Bank. Newark, (suice 1884) ; Director Board of Trade for years, and of 
the Newark German Hospital — a Member of Schiller Lodge, 66, F. & A. M. 
(Past Master) ; Salaam Temple Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrme; Howard Lodge I. O. O. F. (Past Noble Grand) ; Knights of Honor 
and several German-American Surging and Turn Verein Societies. Mr. 
Fiedler was also a member of the Committee of 100 on Newark's 250th 
Anniversary celebration in 1916, taking an active part in the work, and 
serving on its important sub-committees. 

JAMES FAIKMAN FIELDER— Jersey City, (139 Gdfford Ave.) 
—Lawyer. Born February 26th, 1867; son of George B. and 
Eleanor A. (Brmkerhoff) Fielder; married June 4th. 1895, to Ma- 
bel Cholwell Miller, daughter of Mary E. and Charles B, Miller, 
of Norwalk, Conn. 

James Fairman Fielder, Governor of the State 1913—1917, was reared 
in the atmosphere of a family that, on the side of both father and mother, 



has long been active in tlie public affairs. The Brinkerhoft" family, from 
which his mother comes, were among the early settlers of the "Old Bergen" 
section of Jersey City, and owned in the early days large farming tracts in- 
eluded within the corporate limits of Bergen. They had a prominent part 
m all the movements of their times ; and the old Bergen Dutch Reformed 
Church, which they aided to establish, still stands, on Bergen Avenue, one 
of the oldest shrines in the state. John Brinkerhoft, Mr. Fielder's grand- 
father, on his mother's side, was for many years Director of the County 
Board of Freeholders, and a Common Pleas Judge, and William Brinker- 
hoft, who represented Hudson Coimty in the State Senate in 1884-'S5-'86, is 
the Governor's imcle. His paternal grandfather was a Republican leader 

in the days of the old Commis- 
sion Government in Jersey City, 
and was a member of the As- 
sembly from Hudson Coimty in 
1871. George B. Fielder, his 
father, was for years the Regis- 
ter of Hudson Coimty, and in 
1893-4 represented the Hudson 
Comity district in Congress. 

Mr. Fielder was educated at 
the public and high schools of 
Jersey City, and finished in the 
Selleck school at Norwalk, Conn. 
He took a course at Columbia 
University Law School, gradu- 
ating in 1887 with the degree 
of L. L. B. After a period of 
study in the law office of his 
micle, ex-Senator Brinkerhoff, he 
was admitted to the Bar in 1888. 
The degree of L. L. D. was con- 
ferred on him by Rutgers Col- 
lege in 1914. 
Public affairs were an every-day topic m the house of his parents. He 
naturally acquired a deep interest in the subject, and was early drawn 
mto the swim of politics. He was elected to the Assembly in 1903 and 
again in 1904; and in 1907 chosen by its voters to represent the county in 
the State Senate. AVheu, in 1910, he stood for re-election, he was given an 
overwhelmmg majority. In both the Senate and the House he was called 
to serve upon the most important committees. At the organization of the 
Legislature in January of 1913 he became President of the Senate. Wood- 
row Wilson, then Governor of the state, had, in the previous November, 
been elected President of the United States, and was about to lay down 
his state office for the greater one at Washmgton. Mr. Fielder's elevation 
to the Presidency of the Senate was made with the knowledge tJiat, under 
the constitution, the President of the Senate was to serve as Acting Gov- 
eror until a new Governor could be elected by the people. 

Governor Wilson did not lay down his state office imtil the very eve 
of his departure for Washmgton to take the oath as President. Senator 

176 Fisk 

Fielder assumed the office of Acting Governor Marcli 1, 1913, aud served 
until October 28, wlieu he resigned his seat in the Senate. His resignation 
vacated not only the Senate chair but also the Acting Governorship ; iv.ul 
Leon R. Taylor, of Monmouth County, the Speaker of the House of Assem- 
bly, became the state's second ad interim Governor. At the primary in 
September Mr. Fielder was nominated by the Democrats as their candi- 
date for Governor for the full term of three years, and in November he was 
elected over ex-Governor Edward C. Stokes, the Republican candidate, by a 
majority exceeding 32,000. 

In givuig the Great Seal of the State mto Mr. Fielder's hands, in the 
presence of the Senate and of the Assembly on the 1st of March, 1913, Gov- 
ernor Wilson felicitated the state upon having provided itself with so 
fitting a chief. Both during his services as Acting Governor, and after his 
inauguration in January, 1914, for the full term. Governor Fielder devoted 
himself to the completion of the work Governor Wilson had been obliged 
to leave behmd him. undone; and a mass of constructive legislation which 
Governor Wilson had initiated, was perfected under his supervision. 

Among the achievements of his administration may be noted the m- 
heritance tax law, which has mcreased the revenue of the state by a fairly 
graduated tax upon the estates of deceased persons : the bank stock tax 
act, which brings revenue to the localities from this class of personal prop- 
erty ; reform in the care and employment of inmates of the state's penal 
institutions ; the strengthening of the pure food laws ; a system of traffic 
regulations, miiform throughout the state ; statutes safeguarding the health 
aud safety of women and other operators m workshops and factories, and 
the grade crossing elimination law. 

CHARLES JOEL FISK— Plamfield— Financier. Born in Jersey 
City in 1858 ; son of Harvey Fisk ; married m Trenton in 1879 to 
Lily R. Richey, daughter of August G. Richey, of Trenton. 

Children : Louisa G. ; August R. ; Charles W. ; Harvey ; Annie. 

Charles J. Fisk is a large factor m Wall Street financial circles. It 
was through the New York banking firm of Fisk & Hatch, which his 
father founded, that the United States Government operated ui the money 
markets of the comitry during the Civil War. The family is of English 
extraction, tracing its ancestry back to 1.399. William J. Fisk, the original 
American ancestor settled in Wenham, Mass., in 1837. With his brother, 
John, he rose mto prominence there ; and both were factors in the life of 
the community. On his mother's side, Mr. Fisk is of the Green family of 
Pruiceton, that has long been noted for its social and financial standing. 
Its records in the Revolutionary times is a matter of history. The mother's 
father was one of those who constructed the Old Camden & Amboy Rail- 
road and a member of the legislature for two terms during the Civil War ; 
and Mrs. Fisk until her death, lived in the Old Homestead at Trenton. 

Harvey Fisk, the famous banker of his day, was a native of Vermont. 
In 1848, he was engaged as a dry goods dealer in Trenton ; but four years 
later he became Assistant Teller of the Mechanic Bank of New York. 

Fitzgerald 177 

Associated witli Rufus Hatcli in 1862, he established the banking firm of 
Fisk & Hatch. The firm soon became one of the best known among Wall 
Street operators ; and the United States Government designated it as one 
of its agents in its transactions with the money interests of the country. 

The firm was dissolved in 1885 ; and Mr. Fisk, associating his sons 
with him, continued the business mider the firm style of Harvey Fisk 
and Sons. Since Harvey Fisk died in 1899, it has been conducted under 
the established name by Harvey E. Fisk, Charles J. Fisk, Pliny Fisk, Alex- 
ander S. Fisk, Theodore H. Banks and Herbert W. Denney ; and is still 
one of the largest in "The Street"' in the handling of government bonds and 
general securities. It was through Harvey Fisk & Sous that, now. Secre- 
tary of the Treasury McAdoo, financed the railroad tvmnels under the 
Hudson River that connect New Jerey with New York. 

Charles Joel Fisk was reared in New York and on the old homestead. 
He was only seventeen years of age when he went into his father's oflBce, 
and soon came to be known as one of the best posted men on finances in 
Wall Street. Making his home m Plainfield, he was quite as active in 
the affairs of the city and of the county as he was in the financial world. 
In 1891, he was made a member of the Plainfield City Council ; and the 
City's first sewer system was one of the results of his labors. He was, 
also, deeply interested in the relations of the liquor traffic to the com- 
munity ; and when he was elected to the Mayorality of the city, he forced 
the license fee to the maximum limit of $1,000, with a view to limiting the 
number of saloons as well as bettering their class. 

Later, as foreman of a grand jury in Union County, he instituted a 
rigid inquiry into the saloon business of the country; and a presentment 
to the Court pictured the bar-men as masters of Union county politics. 
At that time, the liquor question was a topic of considerable agitation all 
over the state ; and the presentment attracted wide attention. After the 
enactment of what is laiown as the "Bishop (liquor) Law," there were 
wide rumors that its enforcement was lax in many of the commimities ; and 
with the purpose of devismg means for a more rigid observance of its 
regulations. Governor Fort appointed a special commission to look mto the 
matter. Mayor Fisk was named as one of the Commissioners and made 
chairman. The Commission sat in very many of the cities and counties, 
and the testimony it produced and its reports were illummatlng as to the 
conditions that prevailed in some of the localities. 

Mr. Fisk is a republican. He was one of the delegates to the Republi- 
can National Convention of 1896 that nominated ex-Gov. McKinley of 
Ohio for President, and Garret A. Hobart of Paterson, for Vice-President, 
of the United States. 

THOMAS F. FITZGERALD— Trenton, (2^7 Perry St.)— Journ- 
alist and Publisher. Born in Tullamore, Kings County, Ireland, 
March 17th, 1844 ; son of Robert and Mary Fitzgerald ; married 
at Trenton, on Nov. 24, 1885, to Josephine Augusta Lloyd, daugh- 
ter of Alfred R. and Adelia Llovd. 

178 Fitzgerald 

Children : Margaret Fitzgerald Hutcliinsoii, born Dec. 28, 1889 ; 
Josephine Fitzgerald Stont, born June 26, 1893 ; Dorothy A., born 
February 5, 1897; Frances G., born March 27, 1899. 

Tliomas F. Fitzgerald is descended from tlie Kildare branch of the 
Geraldines. His wife is a descendent of American Revolutionary stoclv on 
tlie paternal side, and on the maternal of the sturdy pikemen of the West 
Ireland. He was educated m the national school of his native town under 
the tutelage of Hugh McMonagle an educator of note. He was given a good 
commercial schooling and in his youth acted as clerk for his father who 
was then what was known as a "corn buyer." But he had taken a liking 

in his early youth for news- 
paper work, and wrote for 
his home journals. 

In 1S68 Mr. Fitzgerald 
emigrated to the United 
States, landing in New 
York, where, for a brief 
period, he served as book- 
keeper in a mercantile es- 
tablishment. He after- 
wards made a tour of the 
South and South-West in 
search of fame and fortune 
without finding either. Af- 
ter a migratory experience 
lasting seven years he re- 
turned to New York with 
the belief that if a yomig 
man could not make a live- 
lihood there he could not 
well succeed anywhere. He 
met an old schoolmate, Pat- 
rick Emmett O'Brien, who 
obtained for him a position 
on the "New York Herald," as its representative in Trenton, a position 
which he contmued to fill for over a quarter of a century. In addition 
thereto he was the correspondent of the "Philadelphia Record" and several 
New Jersey newspapers. 

He relinquished part of this work in 1898, upon becoming one of the 
proprietors of the "Trenton Smulay Advertiser." one of the leadmg news- 
papers of New Jersey. He sold his mterest in that newspaper in 1914. In 
1877 he began the publication of the Trenton and Mercer County Directory 
which he has continued ever since. In 1879 he issued the first number of 
the present New Jersey Legislative Manual which he improved from year 
to year until it is now the text book on all matters of interest concerning 
state and comity governments. 

Mr. Fitzgerald has attended every session of the New Jersey Legisla- 
ture smce 1872 and his newspaper work has brought him the acquaintance 
of nearly all the iniblic men of New Jersey, during all that period of more 

Florance 179 

than 40 years — Goveniors, Congressmen, Judges, members of the legisla- 
ture, and leading politicians of all parties. He has been the repository of 
their confidences and held their friendship, and has himself achieved some 
favorable notice as a political writer. 

Mr. Fitzgerald is a member of Trenton Comicil, Knights of Columbus, 
the New Jersey Legislative Correspondents Club (of which he is dean and 
whose first President he was,) the Trenton Press Club and the Mercer 
County Democratic League. 

Mr. Fitzgerald's summer home is in Belmar. 

WILLIAM EDWIN FLORANCE— New Brunswick, (390 George 
Street.) — Lawyer. Born in Toronto, Canada, April 14, 1865. 

William Edwin Florance is Treasurer of the Committee of the General 
Synod of the Reformed Church m America on the Seminary Gromids and 
Property at New Brimswick and a trustee of Rutgers College. In public 
life he was Prosecutor of the Pleas for Middlesex County and is now 
member of the New Jersey State Senate. 

Senator Florance studied in the public schools of New Brunswick and 
graduating from the high school of that city, entered Rutgers College. He 
graduated from there with the class of 1885 ; and is a member of the Phi 
Beta Kappa Society and of the Chi Psi Fraternity of the College. He 
studied law in the offices of the ex-United States District Attorney J. 
Kearny Rice and of the late Justice of the Supreme Court Willard P. 
Voorhees, and was admitted as an attorney m November, 1887 and as a 
counselor in November of 1890. 

Senator Florance has been successively City Collector and City Treas- 
urer of New Brunswick and Mayor of the City. In 1914 Ex-Senator George 
S. Silzer resigned the office of Prosecutor of Middlesex County to accept 
a Circuit Court Judgeship; and Ex-Mayor Florance was made his succes- 
sor. In 1915 he was elected Senator from Middlesex County over Wm. A. 
Spencer, republican. 

Senator Florance was a member of the State Board of Education by 
appointment of Governor Stokes from 1905 to 1911. He is President of the 
New Brunswick Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Vice-President of the 
National Bank of New Jersey, one of the managers of and counsel for the 
New Brunswick Savings Institution, a director and counsel for the Security 
Building and Loan Association, a member of Union Lodge F. and A. M. and 
a Past Regent of Adelphic Comicil No. 1.015, Royal Arcanum. 

CHARLES H. FOLWELL— Mt. Holly.— Editor and Publisher. 
Born m Washington, D. C. on October 30. 1871 son of Charles H. 
and Mary A. (Applegate) Folwell : married on April 25, 1894, to 



Mary Nelson Neill, daughter of Alexander and Ellen L. Neill, of 
Hagerstown, Md. 

Children : Charles H., Jr., born 1895 ; Elinor Neill, born 1902. 

Charles H. Folwell is editor and publisher of "The New Jersey Mirror," 
of Moimt Holly. His father, a well known journalist, wfis connected, at 
the time of the birth of the son, with the Agricultural Department in 
Washington. Soon afterwards the elder Folwell returned with his family to 
Mount Holly, his native town, and purchased "The Mirror," which he pub- 
lished until his death, in 1884. The property was conducted by his estate 
until the son attained his majority, when he came into possession. 

The present editor of "The Mirror" obtained his education at local 
private schools, the Lawrenceville School and at Greylock Institute, of 
South Wiliamstown, Mass. He later took practical courses in printing and 
newspaper reporting. Under his direction "The Mirror" has been greatly 
improved and the field of its influence considerably widened. Next year it 
will celebrate its one-hundredth anniversary. During the century of its 
existence, it has been owned by but two families, the Palmers, by whom 
it was foimded, and the Folwells. 

Mr. Folw^ell is President of the New Jersey Press Association, of which 
his father was President more than three decades ago. He is a direct<»r 

of the Camden and Burlington 
County Railway Company, a 
subsidiary line of the Pennsyl- 
vania s.vstem. Chairman of the 
Public Safet.v Committee of Sev- 
enty, of Mount Holly, and is in- 
terested in various other public 
and busmess activities. In pol- 
itics he is a staunch republican 
and takes an active part in 
State and county political af- 
fairs. He was the first Super- 
visor of Bills of the House of 
Assembly and organized the of- 
fice under the new system when 
the practice of engrossing all 
legislative bills was superseded 
by the modern one of printing 
the bills. For seven years he 
was Secx-etary of the State Wa- 
ter-Supply Commission. 

Mr. Folwell's mother was a 
graduate of Bordentown Female 
College. His wife is of a prominent Maryland family. Her father was 
President of the Hagerstown Bank and one of the best known of Maryland 
lawyers and bankers. Upon her maternal side, Mrs. Folwell is the grand- 
daughter of William Loughridge, the inventor of the air-brake. Mr. Fol- 
well's son, Charles H.. Jr., graduated with the class of '17 as a Civil 
Engineer at Princeton Universitv. 



Mr. Folwell is a member of the Uniou League of Philadelphia, and of 
Mount Holly Lodge, No. 848, B. P. O. E. aud connected with other organiza- 
tions. He attends St. Andrew's P. E. Church, of Mount Holly. 

ROBERT DUMONT FOOTE— Morristown, (James Street.) — 
Farmer. Born in Cincinnati, O., July 19, 1862 ; son of John Tain- 
tor and Mary (Dumont) 
Foote; married at Madi- 
// ^ llife, son, on July 7, 1886, to 

Marie Gilmour Hopkms. 

Robert D. Foote has long been 
known in the civic and social 
and financial life of Middle Jer- 
sey. He has sometimes been 
mentioned in connection with 
the democratic nomination for 
governor aud in one campaign 
his name appeared in the prints 
in connection with the United 
States Senatorship. 

Mr. Foote is a farmer along 
the larger scientific agricultural 
lines ; and his estate in Morris- 
town is one of the show places 
of that exclusive region. He 
came to New Jersey with his 
parents when he was two years 
old, was educated at the Charlier 
Institute in New York City, and, 
after leaving there, spent five years abroad. Upon his return, he entered 
actively mto the business and social life of Morris Comity and he is now 
President of the National Iron Bank of Morristown. 

MINNIE J. FORCE (Mrs. William H.)— Newark, (16 Marshall 
Street. ) — Civic Worker. Born at Jersey City, July 31st, 1868 daugh- 
ter of Lorenzo and Jennie E. (Edwards) Bixby ; married at 
Waterbury, Coim., August 1st, 1889, to Williaim H. Force, son of 
John and Adelaide Force. 

Children : Wallace W., born December 13th, 1901. 

Mrs. Minnie J. Force is President of the New Jersey Division, Inter- 
national Sunshine Society, the largest philanthropic newspaper club in the 
world. It was incorporated to mcite its members to kind and helpful 
deeds, and is planned to do the things, in unoccupied fields of philanthropy, 
that will bring the simshine of happiness to neglected hearts and homes. 
The state organization has thirty-seven chartered branches all working 
along different lines for "Svuishine." It gives its attention to city civics, 
crippled children, the "shut-ins," mending for the blind babies, the preven- 
tion of blindness, child hygiene, assisting the Visiting Nurses Association, 



while the local work is differentiated in town or city according to the needs 
of the place. 

Mrs. Force has been a member of the Society since 1900 when she or- 
ganized a branch in New Britain, Conn. ; coming back to New Jersey in 
1906, she was appomted State Recording Secretary of the New Jersey divi- 
sion. She held that position until October 10, 1916, when she was elected 
President of the Society. In its effort to find a community that no philan- 
thropy was helping, the Society discovered the neglect of the blind babies 
and the Sunshine work of aid there began. There is now at Summit the 
largest blind babies home, nursery and kindergarten in the United States. 
It is known as the Arthur Home for Blind Babies. 

In 1911 the state included blind babies among its dependents; the so- 
ciety's certificate of endorsement was granted ; an appropriation of $365. a 
year was made for the care of each of the afflicted youngsters, and in 1916 
through the Society's efforts the state allowance was mcreased to $450 per 
year for each. 

Mrs. Force has been Secretary of the International Society's Depart- 
ment for the Blind for four years and a member of the International Board 
of Directors for three. The other officers of the New Jersey division are : 
— Vice President, Mrs. A. O. Buch, Elizabeth; Vice President, Mrs. A. F. 
Beckett, Salem ; State Rec. Sec'y., Mrs. George F. Fox, Elizabeth ; State 
Cor. Sec'y., Mrs. William Hedden, Irvhigton ; State Treasurer, Mrs. Cath- 
erme Simpson, Orange. 



Andrew W.) — 

(5 3 5 Scotland 
Road.) — Literary work. 
Born at Chappaqua, N. Y., 
in 18S0, daughter of Col. 
Nicholas and Ida Greeley 
Smith ; married to Andrew 
Watres Ford, editor. 

Mrs. Ford's mother was the 
oldest daughter of Horace Gree- 
ley, founder of the "New York 
Tribune" and one of the famous 
journalists of the world. Mrs. 
Ford is on the editorial staft of 
the "New York Evening World" 
and contributes essays and po- 
ems to leading magazines. Her 
newspaper articles are syndi- 
cated throughout the country, 
appearmg in newspapers in ev- 
ery state. They deal with topics 
of general, social and political 
interest and are dedicated to 
the advancement of feminism. 
Mrs. Ford regards woman suffrage merely as the first milepost on the road 


Fordyce 188 

of woman's freedom and not in any sense as a goal. She has addressed 
many women's clubs in New York City and State on suffrage and has 
spoken in several churches in New York City on the same subject. 

Mrs. Ford was educated at the Convent of the Sacred Heart, Manhat- 
tanville, New York City, and by private tutors in Liege, Belgium, where her 
father was United States Consul. 

Gregory Avenue.)— Lawyer. Born in New York City, Feb. 13th, 
1875 ; son of Alexander Robert and Margaret Livingston Hall For- 
dyce ; married at East Orange, on Nov. 22, 1905; to Ida McCoy, 
daughter of Josiah and Mary Elizabeth McCoy of East Orange. 

Children: Hugh, born on Jan. 7, 1907, (died in infancy) ; Alex- 
ander Dingwall, born Dec. 13, 1908. 

Col. Fordyce has long been prominent hi the public and military af- 
fairs of the. State. He Vv^as twice elected a member of the House of As- 
sembly, in 1904 and 1905; was a candidate for Republican nomination to 
the State Senate in 1906, and in 1916 he declined to become a candidate foi- 

congressional honors. In the 
meantime, 1912, he was appoint- 
ed by Governor Wilson to the 
State Civil Service Commission, 
continuing as a member and 
President to 1916. 

In 1900 he enlisted in the Es- 
sex Troop and served as private 
and non-commissioned oflBcer ini- 
til honorably discharged in Jan- 
uary, 1905. Shortly thereafter he 
was commissioned Lieut. Colonel 
and Deputy Quartermaster Gen- 
eral of the State, which position 
he held mitil 1911, when he was 
commissioned Colonel and Assis- 
tant Commissary General, and 
in 1913 he was commissioned 
Colonel Quartermaster Corps, 
mustered in the Federal service 
as Major, 1917. 

Col. Fordyce received his ear- 
ly education with private tutors ; 
afterwards attending Stevens 
and Penn Schools. He then entered Princeton College, graduating in 1896 
(A. B.), and subsequently studied law at the New Y^ork Law School from 
which he graduated in 1898 (LL. B.) He was admitted to the Bar the 
same year. Besides law he has other important interests. 

Col. Fordyce is of Scotch ancestry, both parents having been born in 
Scotland — his father in Abardeenshire, not far distant from the ancient 

184 Fordyce 

Parish and Towu of Fordyce. The Fordyces, as well as ancestors on his 
mother's side have been distinguished for generations in the public, mili- 
tary and professional life of Scotland. 

Col. Fordyce is a member of the Princeton and Essex Comity Country 

ROBERT HAYES FORDYCE— Paterson, (73 Twelfth Avenue.) 
— Banker. Born ui Paterson. in 1S5."». 

Robert H. Fordyce, Ex-Mayor of Paterson, has resided ui that city 
all of his life and was educated in its public schools. After graduating 
from High School, he finished in a private school. His first position was 
with the firm of Harrell & Hayes, coppersmiths, both members of which 
firm were his uncles. In 1872 he became shipping clerk for the New York 
Steam Engine Works in Passaic, and a year later attached himself to the 
Architectural Department of the Watson Machine Company. He was con- 
nected with the Paterson post office for eight years, officiating for the last 
four of the eight as Deputy Post Master. From 1883 to 1890 he was in the 
employ of the First National Bank of Paterson. With the idea of starting 
in business there, he went to Seattle but was not favorably impressed with 
the opportunities and returned to Paterson after a few months absence. In 
1891 he became Teller of the Second National Bank, but resigned, after 
twelve years, to become Secretary and Treasurer of the German American 
Trust Company, which was then being organized and held that position un- 
til President of the Company. 

Mr. Fordyce has been active in political and military circles. He served 
as Mayor for one term. He was a charter member of the Paterson Light 
Guards which was organized in 1870, and became the First Battalion of 
the State National Guard. He had been Captain of Company B. for five 
years when he resigned in 1890. 

JOHN FRANKLIN FORT— Newark.— Lawyer. Born at Pem- 
berton, March 20th, 1852 ; son of ^Vndrew Heisler and Hannah A. 
(Brown) Fort; married at Newark, April 20th, 1876, to Charlotte 
Stainsby, daughter of William and Margaret Stainsby, both of 

Children : Margretta, Franklm William and Leslie Rimyon. 

John Franklm Fort comes of a family that has long been prominent in 
New Jersey affairs. George F. Fort, the Democratic Governor of the state, 
from 1851 to 1854, was his uncle; and he has himself been active in the 
political and civic affairs of the state for many years. He gained his 
preparatory education at private schools in Pemberton and Aaron's Acad- 
emy in Mt. Holly. He graduated from Pennington Seminary, Pennington, 
in 1869, and at the Albany Law school, in 1872. 

Admitted to the bar in November, 1873, he entered upon the practice 

Fort 185 

of the law in Newark; and almost immediately plunged into the public 
life of the state. Mrs. Fort's father was the dominating force in the repub- 
lican party of Essex at that time and was afterwards State Senator from 
Essex ; and Mr. Fort was allied with that party. He was Assistant Journal 
Clerk of the Assembly at Trenton in 1873 and 1874. In 1878 he was ap- 
pointed Judge of the First District Court of Newark, serving there till 
1886 when he resigned to devote all his time to his growing practice. He 
was a member of the Constitutional Commission of 1894 that framed amend- 
ments to the State's Constitution. In 1896 Governor Griggs appointed him 
President Judge of the Common Pleas of Essex County and in 1900 Gov- 
ernor Voorhees named him an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of 
the state. 

Governor Fort was a delegate to the National Republican Conventions 
of 1884, 1896, 1908 and 1912. In the Convention of 1896, he made the speech 
that put the name of Garret A. Hobart, of Paterson, before the delegates for 
Vice President of the United States. The oration attracted wide atten- 
tion and brought Mr. Fort into prominence. In 1908 while he was still on 
the Supreme Court Bench, the Republican State Convention named him as 
the candidate for Governor. He appeared before the delegates to accept 
the nomination, before they dispersed for their homes ; and gave a dramatic 
climax to the day's proceedings by handing his resignation to the Governor, 
as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. He was elected in the No- 
vember following, and served for the three year term, January 1908-1911. 
Governor Fort pioneered much progressive legislation during his term and 
had many hard contests with political machine of his party. He secured 
primary reform. Public Utilities legislation, and the present effective Civil 
Service law. His fight paved the way for much of the advanced reform 
legislation that came under Governor Wilson. 

The Progressive movement, that later stormed both parties, had been 
gathering force all during the period of Governor Fort's administration ; 
and Woodrow Wilson, to whom he handed the Great Seal of State m 1911, 
came to the State House to succeed him, as impersonating the Progressive 
sentiment of the Democratic party. The exchange of courtesies between 
the outgoing republican and the incoming democratic Governor were very 
marked ; and, indeed, the friendship between them has extended into Gov- 
ernor Wilson's term as President of the United States. It was President 
Wilson who sent him to Santo Domingo, in 1914, as the Special Envoy of 
the United States to the Dominion Republic; and later, in 1915, the Presi- 
dent commissioned him as a Special Envoy from the United States, to 

Governor Fort had become in sympathy with the Progressive movement 
m the Republican party ; and the approach of a new Presidential election 
in 1912 just after the close of his gubernatorial term, found him favoring 
the nomination, for the first place m the nation, of ex-President Theodore 
Roosevelt, who was making an aggressive fight, as a Progressive, against 
the renomination of President William H. Taft. The Republican Conven- 
tion, assembled at Chicago in 1912, named Taft; and the Roosevelt forces 
held an independent Convention — in Chicago too — and put Mr. Roosevelt 
in nomination against the President. The split in the party opened the 
path to the election of Governor Wilson as President. Ex-Governor Fort 

186 Foster 

was a delegate to both of these Republican Conventions — the "Regular" 
and the "ProgressiA'e" — and played an important part in both. 

Governor Fort was appointed by the President to be a member of the 
Federal Trade Commission, created imder the Act of Congress, approved 
September 26, 1914, was confirmed by the Senate and entered upon his 
duties March 20, 1917 and is now a member of that important arm of the 
government. The duties of this Commission relate to the business mterests 
of the country and the question of fair methods of competition. Under 
the Act creating this Commission it has to do largely with violations of 
the Clayton Act as well as the Federal Trade Commission Act. 

Governor Fort has received the degree of Dr. of Laws from Dickinson, 
Rutgers, Lafayette, Middlebury, and Seton Hall Colleges, Union and New 
York Universities and Bloomfield Theological Seminary. He is a member 
of the Essex, Down Town, New York Republican, and Lakewood Country 

His office is in the Essex Building, Newark. 

JOHN E. FOSTER— Atlantic Highlands.— Jurist. Born in New 
York City, Sept. 22nd, 1814. 

John E. Foster has been long distinguished in the professional life 
of the middle section of New Jersey. He has been Prosecutor, County 
Judge of Monmouth and is now Vice Chancellor. 

Vice Chancellor Foster was educated at the schools m New York City 
and graduated from the Law School of Columbia College in 1886. He had 
resided for seven years in Monmouth county when he was admitted to the 
Bar at the November term of 1886, becoming a coiuiselor in 1889. Gover- 
nor Voorhees appointed him Prosecutor of the Pleas in 1900. He served 
until, in 1904, he was made Presiding Judge of the county courts. Suc- 
ceeding Governors re-appointed him and he had served for eleven years on 
that bench when Chancellor Walker, in January, 1916 named him for 
Vice Chancellor. 

SOLOMON FOSTER— Newark. (90 Treacy Avenue )— Rabbi. 
Born at Americus, Ga., 1878; son of Meyer Foster; married on 
Jime 22, 1904 to Sadie Levy. 

Rabbi Foster is the mmister of the Congregation B'nai Jeshurun, 
Newark. As a boy his parents moved to Scranton, Pa., where he attended 
grammar school and the Preparatory School of the Lackawanna, Lackawan- 
na Coimty, Scranton, and in 1894 he went to the Hebrew Union College in 
Cincinnati, O. and the University of Cincinnati to prepare for the Rab- 
bmate. In 1901 he graduated from the University of Cmcinnati. During 
the years 1898 to 1902 he was Associate Librarian of the Hebrew Union 



College, and in 1901-1902 editor of the Hebrew Union College Monthly. He 
graduated from the Hebrew Union College, class of 1902, with the vale- 
dictorian honors. The same year he was elected Associate Rabbi of the 
Congregation B'nai Jeshurun ; and in 1905, after the retirement of the 
aged Rabbi Joseph Leucht, he was given charge. 

About seven years ago he began to agitate in his congregation for a 
larger place of worship. This resulted in the erection of the imposmg 
edifice at High St. and Waverley Ave. The dedication of the New Temple 
took place December 1915, and was attended by Governor Fielder, Mayor 
Raymond, and the most prominent Rabbis of the country. In connection 

with the religious school at the 
Temple, which is under the per- 
sonal supervision of the Rabbi, 
he has organized a Normal 
Class for the training of re- 
ligious school teachers. 

Dr. Foster has interested 
himself ardently in all works, 
civic and religious, that make 
for the uplift of the community 
aromid him and of the people 
generally. In 1903 he was ap- 
pomted by the Common Council 
of Newark as the Decoration 
Day Orator ; and m 1916 Mayor 
Haussling of Newark appointed 
him a member of the Newark 
City Celebration Committee of 
100. There he was made chair- 
man of the sub-committee on 
Schools and Philanthropy. He 
was selected also to serve on the 
committee charged with the 
erection of the Memorial Building the city is to put up in South Newark 
in commemoration of the anniversary. The people by a special vote author- 
ized the expenditure of $1,500,000 upon the building. 

Rabbi Foster's activities have been ceaseless, as well, ui other direc- 
tions. Among others he was for five years President of the Wednesday 
Club one of the leadmg clubs of the State, with a membership of oOO, 
among whom are many prominent literary and professional men. He is 
also a member of the Board of the Newark Institute of Arts and Sciences. 
Before that mstitute he delivered a course of lectures on Hebrew Liter- 
ature. He was the organizer, and twice President of the New Jersey 
Rabbinical Association, is Honorary Director of the Hebrew Orphan 
Asvlum and United Hebrew Charities, member Beth Israel Hospital Board 
of Directors, served as President of Ezekiel Lodge of Bnai Brith ; was 
organizer of the Philonians, a Jewish literary society of men and women; 
and during 1911-12, President of the Alumni of the Hebrew Union College 
and CorreVnding Secretary of the Central Conference of American 
Rabbis. His paper on "The Workmg Men and the Synagogue, read befoie 

188 Fowler 

that Conference in 1909 and published in their Year Book attracted wide 

Rabbi Foster is a member of many clubs and organizations in Newark. 

CHARLES NEWELL FOWLEK^Elizabeth. (Salem Avenue) — 
Banker, Author. Born at Lena, 111., on Nov. 2nd, 1852 ; son of 
Joshua D. and Rachael (Montague) Fowler; married at Beloit, 
Wis., April 30, 1879 to Hilda S. Heg, daughter of General H. C. and 
Cornelia Heg, of Beloit, Wis. 

Children : Charles N. Fowler, Jr. 

Charles N. Fowler is a lawyer by profession but has been in the 
banking business for many years. He was a member of the Committee 
on Banking and Currency of the National House of Representatives and 
from 1900 to 1909, chairman of the Committee. He is a recognized authori- 
ty on financial questions in their relation to legislation, and the author 
of "Seventeen Talks on the Banking Question" and of "National Issues 
of 1916." 

Mr. Fowler is of English descent. His ancestors came across the seas 
in 1634 — both sides, in the same year. He was educated in the public 
schools of Illinois and prepared for College at Beloit, Wis. He graduated 
at Yale University, 1896, and the University of Chicago Law Department 
in 1898. Coming to New Jersey thirty-five years ago, he settled in Eliza- 
beth, where he has a handsome home, and engaged actively in the discus- 
sion of public questions. 

In 1894 Mr. Fowler was nominated for Member of Congress by the 
republicans of the third district and elected. Re-elections extended the 
period of his service over the sixteen years between 1895 and 1911. While 
chairman of the House Committee on Banking and Currency, he engaged 
in a controversy with Speaker Cannon that atti*acted nation-wide atten- 
tion. In 1910 he became a candidate in the preferential primary for United 
States Senator and received 36,000 votes. 

Congressman Fowler has been noted for his opposition to machine rule 
in politics and for his independence in dealing with political and public 
questions. He has been frequently mentioned as a possible candidate for 
Governor but has never actively sought nomination. 

CHARLES ASA FRANCIS— Long Branch.— Merchant. Born at 
Keyport on Oct. 28th, 1855. 

Charles Asa Francis was for years an active Republican politician 
in Monmouth comity and at one time was regarded as a considerable 
factor in state politics, having held very many town ofiices and served in 
both branches of the Legislature. He is an active church worker, high up 
in the fraternities, and a conspicious Jr. O. U. A. M. member. 

Educated at the old school in Turkey, a Monmouth county town, and 

Freeman 189 

at Freehold, lie began business life as a clerk for the New Jersey Central 
Railroad at Sandy Hook. In 1891 he went into the grocery business at 
North Long Branch as the junior member of the firm of Hoyt & Francis. 

Taking to politics he was elected a Commissioner of the town of Long 
Branch in 1884 and again in '85, '86 and '87. In 1893, on both tickets, he 
received the total vote at the municipal election for Commissioner-at-Large. 
He was a member of the Board of Education for some years and in '89 
was elected its Secretary. He has been Mayor of Long Branch and was 
Postmaster under Presidents Arthur and Harrison. 

In 1894 he was elected to the New Jersey House of Assembly and 
re-elected in '96. He was promoted to the Senate of 1897, and re-elected to 
that of 1900, servmg until the close of the session of 1902. He has been 
a delegate to several State Conventions, and served as Alternate or dele- 
gate at one or two of the National Conventions. 

He is a member of the Long Branch Lodge, F. & A. M. ; Standard 
Chapter, R. A. M. ; Corson Commandery, Knights Templar ; Sea View 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. ; Hollywood Council, Jr. O. U. A. M., Long Branch Coun- 
cil Royal Arcanum, and Progressive Council, Benefit Association, a branch 
of the Royal Arcanvim. 

ALDEN FREEMAN— East Orange.— Author and Political Re- 
former. Born Cleveland, O., May 25, 1862 ; son of Joel Francis 
and Francis Maria (Abbey) Freeman. 

Many of the reforms that resulted from the Progressive movement 
in New Jersey, and subsequently throughout the country, had their inspi- 
ration in agitations that Alden Freeman was largely instrumental in arous- 
ing. Mr. Freeman retired from business in 1889 ; and traveled throughout 
the world, which gave him opportunities for the study of social condi- 
tions and the religious, philosophical and political ideas of other nations 
at first hand, turned his attention to like problems at home. A subsequent 
journey across the seas brought him into contact with Count Tolstoi and 
Prince Kropotkin. The Prince presented him with a copy of his latest book, 
"The Terror in Russia" inscribed on the fly leaf "To Alden Freeman, the 
Plucky Pioneer of Free Speech in a 'Free Country' " 

Mr. Freeman is descended directly, on his mother's side, from John 
Alden of the Mayflower. Among her other ancestors were Jean Vassall, 
a Huguenot refugee to England who equipped and commanded two ships 
of war against the Spanish Armada, and William Harvey, envoy sent by 
Queen Mary to declare war against France in 1557. Judge Seth Alden 
Abbey, his grand-father, enlisted during the Civil War at the age of 63 
as first lieutenant in the 2nd Ohio Cavalry; and Captain Thomas Abbey, 
his great great grand-father, was Adjutant in the Chester (Conn.) Regi- 
ment during the Revolution. Captain Abbey's statue stands on the Green 
in Enfield, Conn. The Freeman immigrant ancestor was Judge Henry 
Freeman of Woodbridge, whose tombstone stands ia the Presbyterian 
Churchyard amidst the graves of seven generations of his descendants. 

!•:)(> Freeman 

Mr. Freeman's early education was acquired in the scliools, common 
and High, of Cleveland, O., and he was graduated at the New York Uni- 
versity with the B. S. degree in 1882. In 1881 he, was chief editor of the 
University Quarterly which published the first complete and authorized 
account of the life and works of Richard Grant White. Later he studied 
architecture with Lorenzo B. Wheeler in New York and served as loan 
clerk in the Seaboard National Bank of New York. He became afterwards 
a salesman for Talbot Phillips & Co., wholesale coal dealers, of New York. 
Retirmg from business in 1889 he devoted the next ten years largely to 
the rearing and trainmg of horses. In his stables at East Orange were 

many horses that won 
prizes at horse shows in 
four - in - hands, tandems 
and single harness. 

When Mr. Freeman 
returned from Europe in 
1902 he entered energetic- 
ally into movements look- 
ing to the reform of politi- 
cal and social conditions 
in the state. He helped 
to form the Citizens 
Union of East Orange and 
became its Secretary. The 
Union was organized to 
advocate the management 
of municipal affairs on 
economic business princi- 
ples and without regard to 
political considerations and 
to arouse public senti- 
ment in the conduct of the 
municipal government It 
elected eight of its candi- 
dates, and aided subse<iuently in the defeat of Major Carl Lentz. In 1903 
the Union followed up its success by forcing the retirement, from the local 
republican leadership, of Edgar Williams ; and it has since been a power- 
ful influence in East Orange affairs. It has promoted an independent 
water supply, tree planting, school lecture system, neighborhood parks and 
play grounds, and election of women to the Board of Education. 

When sitting on a grand jury that mdicted the directors of the North 
Jersey Traction Company for the death of nine High School children in 
the Newark collision of 1903, Mr. Freeman learned of conditions that, dis- 
closed, were followed by important political results. In 1905 he became 
an independent candidate for Alderman in East Orange and in 1906 made 
a canvas as an mdependent candidate for Mayor. 

Mr. Freeman was the owner of the Newark weekly paper "Truth" 
which championed the rights of "plain people ;" and, as an advocate of 
free speech, opened his barn to Emma Goldman when she was baiTed by 
the East Orange police from a public hall. He was identified with the 

Freeman 191 

defeat of the constitutional judiciary amendments wtiicli he regarded as 
designed to increase the power of the corporations over the courts of the 
state. He was early in the fight for limited franchises, and a lieutenant 
of Everett Colby in his fight against special privilege. His book, "A Year 
in Politics" and a pamphlet on "Corporation Rule in New Jersey" were 
factors in the discussions over the relations of the corporations to the 
commmiities. The source of the reforms in the new primary law, in the 
new railroad tax law, in that for the taxation of public utility franchises 
and the state civil service commission, is to be found in the theories which 
Mr. Freeman has forced into discussion. 

Mr. Freeman in 1900 founded the New Jersey Society of Mayfiower 
Descendants and was its historian for several years. He is a trustee of the 
Revolutionary Memorial Society of New Jersey, was for ten years a mem- 
ber of the Comicil of the Society of Colonial Wars and of the Council of the 
Fol -iders and Patriots of America. He was Treasurer of the Comicil of 
the Huguenot Society of America, and of the Old Dominion Pilgrimage 
Committee which did preliminary work for the Jamestown Exposition. He 
is a member of the Metropolitan, University, Players, National Arts. Re- 
form, City and New York Yacht Clubs of New York City, the Washington 
Association of New Jersey, the New Jersey Historical Society, the Descend- 
ants of Colonial Governors, the Sons of the Revolution, the St. Nicholas 
Society of New Y'ork, the New England Society of Orange, the Essex Coun- 
ty Country Club, the Psi Upsilon and Phi Beta Kappa fraternities, the 
Veteran Corps of Artillery (Military Society of the War of 1912) and the 
i'onnecticut Society of the Cmcinnati. 


forth) — Iselin. — Social Worker. Born in New York City, in IMm, 
daughter of Jacol) R. and Anna Augusta (Comstock) Telfair; 
married at Richmond Borough. N. Y.. in ls9(». to Charles Danforth 

Mrs. Freeman is President of the Mercy Committee of New Jersey 
which was organized for emergency relief in 191.">. It was incorporated 
under the New Jersey State laws in 1916 and is doing work that attracts 
international attention in the relief of distress in France. Belgium and 
Serbia. Before the declaration of War against Germany by the United 
States the Mercy Committee was growmg rapidly ; early in 1917 it had up- 
wards of .300 members. This Government's participation has enormously 
increased its labors and given to its work a more tragic interest at home 
than was anticipated when the Committee held its first meeting in Plain- 
field m 1915. The exigencies of the World War and the demands for 
succor have made the Committee a constantly growing beneficence, and it is 
strong in members all over the State. 

Among Mrs. Freeman's ancestors were Captain Isaiah Wool and the 
Telfairs of Savannah. Georgia. Edward Telfair was a signer on behalf 
of the State of Georgia hi 1777 of the Articles of Confederation under which 



the United States were governed before the adoption of tlie Federal Con- 
stitution in 1789. 

Mrs. Freeman was educated at Mme. Yalencias and Mile. Tardivale's 
schools in America and at Mile. Borck's school abroad. She studied law at 
the New York University and is an alumnae of the University. She is 
a member of the National Institute of Social Science, the Colony Club and 
the Women's City Club. Through Captain Wool she is eligible to nearly 
all patriotic societies and is a Colonial Dame of New York. She is a 
member also of many leagues of the National Civic Federation and of the 
suffrage societies of New York. 

Mrs. Freeman's New York City home is at 64 East 7Tth Street. 

Born in Massachusetts, daughter of Warren E. and Eleanor 
(Lothrop) AVilkins ; married at Metuchen. on January 1, 1902, to 
Charles Manning Freeman, son of Manning M. Freeman, 

The short story tries the skill of the writer as never does the more 
elaborate novel. The power of framing a picture m a line is a rarer gift 
then the ability to frame it in a page. The short story is made by the in- 
cisive analysis that flashes the character to the mind of the reader in a 

single phrase ; and authors agree 
that skill in producing it is the 
higher demonstration of literary 
genius. Mary E. Wilkins Free- 
man has for many years enjoyed 
the distinction of being the lea- 
der among the short story writ- 
ers of this country. Mrs. Free- 
mau had achieved fame before 
she came to New Jersey to 
marry Dr. Freeman. Dr. Free- 
man is himself the son of a man 
who w^as for many years a 
large factor in the politics of 
Middlesex County. 

Mrs. Freeman has no very ac- 
curate laiowledge of her ances- 
try, though it was presumably 
Piu-itan. A fore-bear on the ma- 
ternal side led a company at 
Concord in "King Philips War," 
and she has some grounds for 
thmkmg that she may be, if not a direct, at any rate a collateral descendent 
of Bishop John Wilkms of London, who flourished about the 16th century 
and who besides being notable ecclesiastically was a theoretical inventor. 
He is said to have anticipated the present age by designing automobiles and 
flymg machines, which, manifestly, however, were not shining successes, and 

Frelinghysen 198 

if he had lived long enough he would have been Lord High Treasurer of 
London. After the death, at 17, of her sister, who had much musical 
genius, and of her mother and father, she went to live with friends in Ran- 
dolph, Mass., and was educated at a Vermont high school, at Mt. Holyoke 
and in a Vermont boarding school. 

Miss Wilkins first offerings were chiefly at poems for children ; a little 
later, prose for St. Nicholas and Youth's Companion ; eventually, her work 
attractmg attention, she found easy access to Harper's Bazar and Harper's 
Magazine. In her short story writmgs she has ventured uito widely dif- 
ferent fields but as a rule has taken the characters of her home localities 
for the settings for her work. Her first book "A Humble Romance and 
Other Stories," published in 1S89, took immediate rank for its delineation 
of New England character, and won the congratulations of Oliver Wendell 
Holmes and James Russell Lowell. It was the first revelation of her skill 
in drawing homely sketches, always accurate, in the simplest homeliest 
words and giving an air of vivid reality to the settuags. There was more 
beauty and pathos, — and abundant humor too. — in her collection, "A New 
England Nun and Other Stories," published in 1S91. This has been fol- 
lowed by a long series of other short stories that have appeared in the. 
magazines in all parts of the comitry. 

It was not until 1S92 that Mrs. Freeman ventured to put her first 
novel, "Jane Field," before the public. Her "Giles Corey, Yeoman" was the 
basis for a play, foimded on witch-craft incidents, that was presented in 
Boston by the Theatre of Arts and Letters. Her "Penbroke" was a novel 
but characterized as a book of short stories, each one with its own situation 
and dramatic interest, strung together in a skein of family ties and village 
community — the record of the heart tragedies of a dozen men and women 
portrayed with exceptional beauty of style and delicacy in delineation. 
The English press said of it that George Elliot had never done anythmg 
finer. In her novel, "Madelon," she emerged from her Puritan atmosphere 
and offered the public the first thoroughly constructed novel her pen had 
yet produced. Some others of Mrs. Freeman's works are: "Jerome" 
(1897) ; "Silence" (1898) ; "The Love of Parson Lord,, (1900) ; "The Hearts 
Highway,, (1900) ; "The Debtor." "By the Light of the Soul," "The Portion 
of Labor," "Understudies" (1901) : "Six Trees" (1908) ; "The Wind m the 
Rose Bush" (1903) ; "The Givers" (1904) ; "Doc. Gordon" (1906) ; "By the 
Light of the Soul" (1907) ; "Shoulders of Atlas" (1908) ; "Winning Lady" 
(1909) ; "Green Door" (1910) ; "Butterfly House" (1912) ; "Copy-Cat and 
Other Stories" (1914) ; "Also the Jamesons," and "People of our Neighbor- 
hood," (serially m Ladies Home Journal.) 

Mrs. Freeman is a member of the Council of the Authors League of 
America and a non-resident member of other clubs. 

FREDERICK FRELINGHYSEN— Newark, (750 Broad Street.) 
— President Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company. Born in 
Newark, September 30 ch, 1848 ; son of Frederick T. and Matilda 
(Griswold) Frelinghysen; married July 23rd, 1902, to Estelle B., 
daughter of Thomas T. Kinney. 

194 Frelmgliysen 

Children : Frederick, August 12, 1903 ; Thomas Kmney, February 
7, 1905 ; Theodore, 1907 : George Griswold, December 20, 1908 ; 
Estelle Condit, May 7, 1911. 

The family of President Frelingliysen has long been famous in the 
annals of New Jersey's civic, political and military life. No family in the 
state has given to History so many distinguished names. It was founded 
in this comitry by the Rev. Theodorus Jacobus Frelmghysen, who was 
called in 1718 from Hanover, by the Congregation of Raritan, to serve as 
its pastor. His father had been a minister in the land across the seas be- 
fore him. Parson Frelinghysen was deep in the controversies that rent 
the Dutch Church at the opening of the 18th century, and largely instru- 
mental in securmg the independence of the Church in this country. He was 
a man of great power ; George Whitfield and Jonathan Edwards declared 
him to be "one of the greatest Divines in the American Church." 

With the family predilection for the pulpit, the parson's wife marked 
out her son, Frederick, (born 1753) for the ministry also. But he turned 
to the law, and became a member of the Provincial Congress of New Jersey 
that in 1776 declared the colony free from the domination of the mother 
country. He served afterwards in the Continental Congress, jomed the 
"Minute Men," and figured during the Revolutionary struggle in the battles 
of Monmouth and Trenton, rising m rank mitil, when independence was de- 
clared, he had become a Colonel. He rendered active service afterwards 
in the "Whisky Insurrection," in Pennsylvania, and was made a Major 

One of the sons, Theodore, (born 1787) was a distinguished lawyer, who 
served as Mayor of Newark for two years and a term m the United States 
Senate, was candidate for Vice President of the United States with Henry 
Clay in 1828 ; and, at the time of his death, was Chancellor of the Universi- 
ty of New York. 

One of the other sons was named Frederick, after the General himself. 
Frederick T., son of the second Frederick, rose to even greater distinction 
in his day, as a lawyer, orator and statesman, than others of the family 
had achieved. He studied law in the office of his uncle, Theodore ; entered 
on the practice of his profession in Newark, became Attorney General of the 
State of New Jersey and was chosen by the Legislature of 1867 to succeed 
AVilliam Wright in the United States Senate. The Legislature of 1869, 
that elected a new Senator at the expiration of his term, was not of his 
party, and he was displaced ; but two years later he was re-chosen Senator 
for the full term vmtil 1877. Those days were the troublous ones of the 
"Reconstruction Period," climaxing in the dispute, m 1876, over the results 
of the Presidential election of that year. Senator Frelinghysen was one 
of the Committee that devised the plan for the peaceful settlement of a 
controversy that for months threatened the nation with the horrors of an- 
other Civil War. President Arthur, who went mto the White House after 
the death of President Garfield, selected Senator Frelinghysen for the first 
place in his Cabinet and, as Secretary of State, he exhibited as a diplomat 
as fine qualities as he had exhibited in statesmanship. Prior to that Presi- 
dent Grant had tendered to him the Ambassadorship to Great Britain and 
that to Berlin, but he declined both. He was deeply interested, too, in the 

Frelinghuyson 195 

Church, and at the time of his death was President of the American Bible 

Fredericlc Frelinghysen, now President of the Mutual Benefit Insur- 
ance Company, was one of his sons. Mr. Frelinghysen was educated at the 
Newark Academy and Rutger's College ; and, like his father, chose the law 
for his profession. He studied in his father's office, was admitted to the 
Bar in 1871 and made a Counselor at law in 1874. He devoted himself 
largely to Chancery cases, and had a large practice of that class. When 
Newark was startled by the failure of the Mechanics National Bank, the 
United States Treasury Department selected Mr. Frelmghysen to act as re- 
ceiver. Thus drawn into the banking life of the city, he was, in 1877, 
made President of the Howard Savings Institution, (Newark), and re- 
mained at the head of that bank until 1902, when he resigned to accept the 
Presidency of the Mutual Benefit Insurance Company, ( Newark ) , as suc- 
cessor to the late Vice Chancellor Amzi Dodd. 

Besides his legal, financial and insurance activities, Mr. Frelinghysen 
has taken a deep interest in the state militia, and in political and church 
work. He was Captain of the famous Essex Troop of Cavalry, and served 
as a delegate to the Republican National Convention of 1916. 

Mr. Freluaghysen resides in the Frelinghysen homestead, facing Mili- 
tary Park in Newark. In front of it, in the park, stands a bronze figure 
of his father, the late Secretary of State. 

JOSEPH S. FKELINGHri'SEN—Raritan.— Insurance. Born in 
Raritan, on March 12, 1869 ; son of Frederick John and Victoria 

Joseph S. Frelinghuysen is United States Senator from New Jersey, 
having been nominated in the Republican primary of 1916 and elected at the 
polls ill November. He was sworn in at Washington as a member of the War 
Senate, March 4, 1917, and began the active discharge of his Senatorial 
functions in April at a special session called by President Wilson to prepare 
for the war exigencies. In business the Senator is in control of a large in- 
surance agency in New York City. 

Senator Frelinghuysen bears a name that has long been distinguished 
in the military and political life and in the scholarship and statesmanship 
of the nation. He is of a family that traces its ancestry back to the Rev. 
Theodorus Frelinghuysen, a noted divine who came from Holland in 1720 
and who was the pioneer in establishing the Reformed Dutch Church in 
New Jersey. In collateral branches of the family were Major General 
Frelmghuysen of Revolutionary fame. General John Frelinghuysen, an 
officer in the W^ar of 1812, and Theodore Frelinghuysen, United States 
Senator, Chancellor of the University of New York and candidate for Vice 
President with Clay on the Whig ticket in 182S. Senator Frelinghuysen's 
father, Frederick John, was a lawyer closely identified with the religious 
and political life of Somerset County. 

With a family atmosphere of this character, Joseph S. Frelinghuysen 
took, almost by instinct, to public affairs. He was preparing for college 

196 Frelinghuysen 

when tlie stress of circumstances forced him to seek employment and be- 
came a clerk in a fire insurance office. 

At the outbreak of the Spanish American War, Mr. Frelinghuysen went 
to the front as Second Lieutenant of Troop 3, Squadron "A" New York Cav- 
alry and won his spurs as Brevet First Lieutenant for services at Porto 
Rico. Made a member of the Somerset Covmty Republican Committee, he 
became its Chairman; and in 1902 was given the Republican nomination 
for State Senator from the county. His democratic opponent was Senator 
Childs who was seekmg re-election. The comity is a close one and Mr. 
Frelinghuysen won by a narrow majority. In 1905 he met Senator Childs 

as an antagonist for a second 
time, and defeated him by about 
1.000 votes. When he stood for 
re-election ui 190S, Nelson Y. 
Dvmgau was his democratic op- 
ponent, and the republican trend 
of the day carried him through 
the poll for the third time. In 
the Senate he became known as 
the "Father of the Automobile 
Law," and devoted himself, be- 
sides to legislation helpful to the 

Senator Frelmghuysen was af- 
terwards Chairman of a special 
senate committee that made a 
scrutiny of school conditions all 
over the state; and some sur- 
prising revelations as to the 
methods of the local school 
boards resulted in legislation for 
the re-organization of the school 
system. He was also of the Special Committee that drafted the Civil 
Service law. On the floor of the Senate m 1909 he was party leader ; and, 
when President Robbins resigned to accept a state office. Senator Frelmg- 
huysen was elected to succeed him in the chair. He has been President 
of the Board of Agriculture since 1912; and. Governor Wilson having ui 
1911 appointed him a member of the new State Board of Education, he be- 
came President of the Board in 1915. 

In two campaigns Senator Frelinghuysen had been prominently men- 
tioned in connection with the nomination for Governor. Ilhiess in Chicago 
prevented him from making an active canvass on the first occasion : and on 
the second he resisted the pressure of his friends to put him mto the race. 
When the State primaries for the nomination of a Republican candidate for 
United States Senator loomed up in 1916, Senator Frelinghuysen entered 
the list as an aspirant against Ex-Governor Franklm Murphy and secured 
the nomination. The movement in the East on election day was strongly 
towards the Republican party, and Senator Frelinghuysen achieved his elec- 
tion to the United States Senate. His majority over United States Sena- 
tor James E. Martine who was standing for re-election was about 75,000. 

Fuller 197 

Senator Freliiighuysen is a member of the New York Chamber of Com- 
merce, New Jersey State Chamber of Commerce, Down Town Association, 
Raritan Valley Grange No. 153, the Union League Club of New York, the 
Somerville Board of Trade, Solomon's Lodge No. 46, F. and A. M., Somer- 
ville Lodge No. 885, B. P. O. E., and is trustee of the Somerset Hospital. 

GEORGE WARREN FULLER— Summit.— Sanitary P^ngmeer. 
Born in Franklin, Mass., on December 21, 1868 ; son of George 
Newell and Harriet M. (Craig) Fuller; married to Charlotte, 
daughter of John W. and Augusta (Hotchkiss) Todd. 

Children : Myron E. ; Kemp G. ; and Asa. 

George W. Fuller has been associated in this state with a number of 
important sanitary projects including the Passaic Valley trunk sewer, the 
joint trunk sewer in the Plamfield district and improvements in the water 
supply for Jersey City. He has been active too in other important cities in 
the country. The problems surromidmg sewage and water purification are 
those to which he has given most attention. 

Mr. Fuller is of ancient English ancestry on his father's side, the foun- 
der of the American branch of the family having settled ui this country 

in 1642. In Dedham, Mass., 
where the original American 
homestead was located, the Ful- 
lers are connected with the Met- 
calf and other families notable 
in that locality. On his mother's 
side, the Craigs, of Scotch de- 
scent, have their American foun- 
dation at Worcester, Mass., and 
are related to the Warren and 
Green families and others prom- 
inent in that state. 

After attending the public 
schools in his native town. Mr. 
Fuller took a course at the Mas- 
sachusetts Institute of Technolo- 
gy : and, graduating from there 
in 1890. crossed the seas to study 
at Berlin University, a celebrat- 
ed German mstitution of higher 
learning. There he specialized 
in sanitary science and attended 
lectures of eminent specialists 
including, among others, Piefke, famous among Germajiy's sanitary engin- 
eers. Upon his return to these shores he was placed in charge, at Lawrence, 
of the Massachusetts State Board of Health's Experiment Station there 
and made valualde investigations into sewage and water purification prob- 
lems. Four vears afterwards he had charge, in Cincinnati and Louisville, 

198 Gardner 

of works for the purification of tlie waters of the Ohio. In 1899 he settled 
in New York City to attend to a rapidly growing private practice. He 
gives his attention chiefly to water works valuations, adjustments of water 
rates and sewage disposal problems ; and has been an adviser of sanitary 
engineering matters for many mmiicipal projects including, among others, 
those at New Haven, New York, Washington. Buffalo, Columbus, Indian- 
apolis, Minneapolis, Grand Rapids, Evanston, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Louis- 
ville, New Orleans and Montreal. 

Mr. Fuller is a member of the Engineers. Machinery and Old Colony 
Clubs of New York, the Technology Club of Boston, the American Society 
of Civil Engmeers, the American Institute of Consulting Engmeers, the 
American Chemical Society, the American Water Works Association, the 
American Public Health Association and the American Society of Bacterio- 
logists, etc. 

EDMUND LE BRETON GARDNER— Ridgewood.— Corporation 
President. Born at Brookline, Mass., November 7, 1851 ; son of 
George A. and Mary C. (Le Breton) Gardner; married at New 
York City, November 21, 1887, to H. Louise Sprague, daughter of 
John H. and Henrietta Prall Sprague, of New York. 

Children : Adelaide, born 1888 ; Prescott, born 1893. 

Edmund Le B. Gardner is Governor of the Society for Useful Manufac- 
tures, which at one time controlled all of the water shed in the North 
section of New .Jersey. He is of English Scotch and French descent, and 
graduated from Cornell University in 1875. After graduation he returned 
to Cornell University as an instructor, and became subsequently an assis- 
tant professor, — leaving Cornell in the Sprmg of 1880, to become engineer 
and manager of the Dmidee Water Power and Land Company. Interested 
still later in the woolen manufactnrmg Itusiness, he created the Algonquin 
Company, at Passaic. In 1895 he was with the New Jersey General Security 
Company and the East Jersey Water Company, being made Comptroller 
of the East Jersey Water Company, and his general interest in the water 
business has since grown to its present dimensions. 

Mr. Gardner, besides being Governor of the S. U. M., is President of 
the Passaic Water Company, of the Acquacknonk Water Company, East 
Jersey Water Company, Jersey City Water Supply Company, Kearney Wa- 
ter Company, Massillon Water Company, Lincoln Water & Light Com- 
pany, Circleville Water Company, Vice President New Jersey General 
Security Company, Treasurer of the Montclair Water Company, Vice Presi- 
dent of the Dimdee Water Power & Land Company and of the Paterson 
Savings Institution. 

Mr. Gardner is a member of the Sous of the American Revolution, the 
Society of Colonial Wars of New Jersey, the Society of Fomiders and Pa- 
triots, the Mayflower Society and the Society of Sons of Colonial Gover- 
nors. His club memberships are with the Union League, University and 
Cornell University of New York, the Areola, the Hamilton of Paterson. the 



Riclgewood Country Club, the Automobile of America (N. Y.) and the North 
Jersey Auto Club. 

JOHN J. GARDNER— Egg Harbor.— Statesman. Born in At- 
lantic county, on October 17, 1S45 ; son of John and Jane Gard- 
ner ; married at Philadelphia, on February 1st, 1873, to Mittie 
Scull, daughter of x\jidrew and Mary Scull. 

Children : Six children, two living, Josephine Scull and Thomas 
Kemble Reed. 

John J. Gardner has been for forty years one of the large figures in 
New Jersey politics and in the statesmanship of the comitry. His service 
of fifteen years in the New Jersey State Senate made him one of the legis- 
lative land marks. He was regarded for many years as one of the most 
powerful men that had ever come to the State House ; and his caustic 
oratory made him an adversary that the strongest of his colleagues was 

reluctant to meet. His Senate 
work was all notable ; but the 
most memorable of its features 
was the expose, as chairman of 
a Senate investigating commit- 
tee, of the historical ballot b;)x 
frauds h\ Hudson county. The 
magnitude of the majority that 
had been cast iii that county 
for Leon Abbett as the demo- 
cratic candidate for Governor in 
the campaign of 18S3, arouj/'Hl 
suspicions of irregularities in 
the poll and in the count of the 
vote there; and the Senate ap- 
pointed a committee, with full 
power, to make an mquiry. Sen- 
ator Gardner was at its head, 
and the most surprising dis- 
closures resulted. 

The testimony, largely un- 
covered by the efforts of Wil- 
liam H. Corbin, the committee's 
counsel, showed that all the election officers in the comity had been engaged 
in a conspiracy to juggle with the ballot boxes and miscomit and mistally 
the vote so as to produce a fore-ordained majority for the democratic can- 
didate. In spite of the revelations of systematic and universal frauds, the 
local grand jury, drawn by a sheriff who was in sympathy with the elec- 
tion officers, hesitated to mdict those who had been guilty, and it was only 
when Dr. Leonard J. Gordon of Jersey City, as grand jury Foreman, took 
the matter mto his own hands and rushed bills, that, under pressure had 
been voted with the idea of reconsidering them, into Justice Knapp's hands, 

200 Gardner 

that the guilty poll men were brought to the bar. As the result of the 
trials, conducted by Charles H. Winfield as Prosecutor, sixty-four members 
of the ballot booth boards were convicted and served terms in the State 

The splendid work done by Senator Gardner and his Committee, point- 
ed him out as a more commanding figure then ever in the affairs of the 
state, and in 1892 the republicans of the second district gave liim tlie nom- 
ination for Congress. He became a member of tlie fifty-third congress that 
began its sittmg in Washington in March of '93. and was re-elected for the 
nine terms succeeding, closing his service at the National Capitol in 
March of 1913. In congress Mr. Gardner did not make frequent display 
of his forensic power, havmg early discovered that those who made national 
reputations b.v talking, were not the men who wrote legislation. But when 
occasion seemed to demand it. he spoke, and was widely quoted on the 
tariff and free silver questions. When the House of Representatives was 
in a state of great excitement over the Bristow Report on Postal matters. 
Mr. Gardner, against the advice of friends who took the matter very seri- 
ously, ridiculed the report and its effect on Congress for ten minutes and 
little more was ever heard of the, now forgotten. Bristow Report. When it 
had became a habit for members of the House from certain sections to aim 
sarcesm at items in the River and Harbor Bill for the improvement of 
small New Jersey streams, Mr. Gardner spoke for ten minutes in defence 
of the item for Raccoon Creek, m answer to the attack of a southwestern 
gentleman. The items were not attacked again while Mr. Gardner was in 
Congress. When the magazines and press generally, were lauding the 
Canadian Postal system and criticising ours, m comparison, Mr. Gardner 
spoke for an hour or more on the Canadian Postal service and that system 
has not smce been held up as a model for this country. 

Made Chairman of the House Committee on Labor, he came to be 
recognized as a national authority on labor problems. In 1898 Speaker 
Reed appointed him a member of the United States Industrial Commission 
to inquire into the relations between Capital and Labor, and to find a 
method for the adjustment of their differences. That commission made its 
report to Congress in twenty volumes of testimony and recommendations, 
and its work is regarded as of equal value with that of the Royal Commis- 
sion that had previously gone over the same ground for the British House 
of Parliament. 

In Congress Mr. Gardner was always a supporter of the agricultural in- 
terests and opposed President Taft's Reciprocity Treaty with Canada. He 
was a meml>er of the Post Office Committee for twenty years and here his 
greater work was done. He served for three years on the commission to 
investigate the postal service. Every postal reform of recent years is 
based on the report of that commission. He wrote the vital parts of the 
law creating postal savmgs banks which stands substantially without an 
amendment and without criticism of its structure. There was difficulty in 
framing terms for the rental by the government of postal facilities in the 
great railroad terminals. Mr. Gardner was called upon to write the statute 
still in force. He also wrote the national eight-hour and the prison labor 
laws on lines that have been adopted by all subsequent committees. He 
has secured post office buildings for Atlantic Citv. Bridgeton. Millville and 

Garis 201 

Burlington and had others in progress. He secured the improvement of 
Maurice and Mantua Rivers, Tuckerton and Absecon Creeks, the Ran- 
cocas and Absecon Inlet — ■ the latter against great opposition from several 
sources. He and Senator Briggs, secured the improvement of the Delaware 
from Trenton to Philadelphia, Mr. Gardner having begun this work and had 
small appropriations made for it while Trenton was in his district. The 
investigation of the World's Postal Saving Bank systems led him into the 
matter of Land Banks — they being in some countries related to each other 
He was formulating a Land Bank System when he left Congress. When 
the "Spanish War" broke out Mr. Gardner sought to exchange his seat in 
Congress for a commission, but the war did not become strenuous enough 
to require the service of men not in the military organizations. 

Congressman Gardner has spent all his life in the county in which 
he was born ; and his acquaintance with its people furnishes him with an 
exhaustness repertoire of home character sketches that he portrays with 
quite the same skill orally that Mary Wilkins Freeman exhibits in her pen 
portrait of her neighbors. He was reared as a water man till he was six- 
teen years of age ; then, in Sept., 1861, he enlisted for three years in the 
Sixth New Jersey Volunteers and in March, 1865, re-enlisted for one year 
in the United States Veteran Volunteers. He was an Alderman in Atlantic 
City in 1867 : Mayor there ui '68,-'69,-'70, '73-'74 and '76. His first election to 
the New Jersey State Senate was achie^•ed in 1878, and in 1883 he was 
President of the body. He was a commanding figure in all the State Conven- 
tions of the republican party for more than a quarter century and in 1884 
w^as a Delegate at-Large to the Republican National Convention at Chicago. 

He has been engaged in the real estate business, but has been a farmer 
nearly all his mature life in connection with his other activities. He now 
farms more than 500 acres of land. At one time he was an editorial writer 
for a newspaper ^.nd much quoted. 

HOWARD K. GARIS— Newark. — Author and Newspaper man. 
Born at Binghamton, N. Y., on April 25, 1873 ; son of Simeon H. 
and Ellen A. ( Kimball ) Garis ; married at Newark, on April 26, 
1900, to Lillian C. McNamara, daughter of Roger and Winifred 
McNamara, of Cleveland, O. 

Children : Roger, born Sept. 10, 1901 ; Cleo, born June 30, 1905. 

Howard R. Garis is author of the "Uncle Wiggily" and "Daddy" series 
and other "Bed Time" stories that have appeared in the "Home Column" of 
some newspapers. Among his other works are "The King of LTnadilla," 
"The White Crystals," "The Isle of Black Fire," "From Oflice Boy to Re- 
porter." He is. also a prolific writer of stories for juvenile readers. 

Mr. Garis was educated in the private and public schools of Syracuse, 
the Newark High School and the East Syracuse Academy up to 1890. He 
later went to the Stevens Preparatory School. When he left there, he be- 
came connected with the "Newark Evening News" as reporter and special 
writer and is still holding that position. 

202 Gaskill 

Mr. Garis is a member of the Roseville Athletic Club and of the Authors 
League of America. 

CHARLES G. GARRISON— Merehaiitville.— Jurist. Born in 
Swedesboro, Gloucester County, August o. 1S49 ; son of Rev. 
Joseph Fithian Garrison. 

Charles G. Garrison has been a Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
state of New Jersey since 1888. He was named to succeed Joel Parker 
who, previously to his service, on the bench, had been New Jersey's war 
Governor and who subsequently served a second term in that office. Jus- 
tice Garrison is a brother of Lindley M. Garrison, who was Secretary of 
War mider President Wilson ; their father was a professor in a Philadel- 
phia College for many years and a widely known mmister of the Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church. Justice Garrison was educated in Edgehill School, 
Princeton, at the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, and, entering the 
University of Pennsylvania with a view to the study of medicine, graduated 
from there in 1872. 

He had practiced that profession at Swedesboro but four years when 
he resolved to become a lawyer, and entered the office of Samuel H. Grey 
of Camden, who at the time of his death was Attorney General of the 
State. He was admitted to the Bar in 1878. Six years later he became 
Judge Advocate General of New Jersey. Governor Green in 1888 nom- 
inated him to the State Senate as an Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court, and the confirmation came promptly. Governors Werts, Murphy, 
Fort and Fielder renominated him for successive seven year terms, in 
1895, 1902, 1909, 1916. Since 1882 Justice Garrison has been Chancellor 
of the Southern Diocese of the Protestant Episcopal Church of New Jersey. 

Justice Garrison is a democrat in politics. His circuit covers Atlantic 
and Gloucester counties. 

ALFRED GASKILL — Pruiceton. — Forester. Born in Philadel- 
phia. Pa., November 6, 1861 ; son of Joshua W. and Caroline E. C. 
(Lippuacott) Gaskill; married at Peterboro, N. H., on May 19, 
1906, to Marion E. Nickerson, daughter of Theodore and Kate M. 
Nickersou, of West Newton, Mass. 

Children : Margaret N., born August 31, 1907. 

Alfred Gaskill comes of Quaker parentage, and his education was ac- 
quired partly in public schools and partly m the Friends Central School of 
the city of his birth. When he was twenty years of age he came to 
Cumberland County where, at Millville, he rose to be Superintendent of one 
of the large glass-blowing establishments. After a service of ten years there 
he continued in the glass manufacturing business in Philadelphia. In 

(iaunt 203 

1898 he decided to give up that line of work that he might devote himself 
to the study and practice of Forestry. The field at that time was a new 
one ; he pursued his studies for three years m North Carolina, at Harvai-d 
University, at the University of Munich, and in the organized forests of 

In 1901 he entered the United States Forest Service and remained five 
years. He devoted his attention chiefly to forest fires and to sylvicultural 
problems. In February, 1907, he was offered the position of Forester to 
the Forest Park Reservation Commission of New Jersey, and through that 
position became State Forester. When the state departments were re- 
organized under the Economy and Efiiciency acts of 1915, and the Forest 
and allied interests were centered in the Department of Conservation and 
Development, he was chosen by the Governing Board as its executive Direc- 
tor. He holds that position, along with that of State Forester. 

Mr. Gaskill is a democrat in politics and a member of the Society of 
American Foresters, member of the Association of Eastern Foresters, 
(Chairman), of the American Forestry Association, (Director), and of the 
Washington Academy of Sciences. 

FREDERICK TAYLOR GATES— Montclair, (66 South Moun- 
tain Avenue.) — Born in Mame, Broome County, N. Y., July 
2, 1853; son of Granville and Sara J. (Bowers) Gates; married 
on March 3, 1886, to Emma L. Cahoone, of Racine, Wisconsm. 

Frederick T. Gates, whose father was a clergyman and who was for a 
few years in early life himself a minister of the Gospel, is one of the con- 
fidential advisers of John D. Rockefeller in the distribution of his various 
charities and the establishment of his several fomidations. 

Dr. Gates graduated from the University of Rochester with the degree 
of A. B. in 1877, was awarded the A. M. degree in 1899 and is a member 
of the Phi Beta Kappa Fraternity of the University. Entering Rochester 
Theological Semmary, he graduated from there in 1890; and, ordained to 
the ministry the same year, became pastor of the Central Church m Mmne- 
apolis, Miini. He served in that pulpit till, in 1888, he became executive 
head of the American Baptist Education Society. 

Dr. Gates became business and benevolent representative of Mr. J. D. 
Rockefeller in 1893, and served in that capacity till 1912. He is Chairman 
of the General Education Board (Rockefeller Foundation) and also Presi- 
dent of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, and member or 
officer of various other business or philanthropic organizations. He was 
given the degree of L.L. D. by the University of Chicago in 1911. 

GEORGE W. F. GAUNT— Mullica Hill.— Farmer. Born in 
Mantua Township, Gloucester county, September 8, 1865; son of 

204 Gavit 

John and Elizabeth C. Gamit; married at Camden, on December 
5, 1888, to Anna G. West, daughter of Alfred R. and Phebe G. West. 
Children: J. AVebber, born March 4, 1887. 

George W. F. Gaimt is a Director of the Philadelphia Federal Reserve 
Bank, and one of the commanduig figures in the National Grange, having 
been High Priest, the most distinguished position witliin the gift of the 
Grange. He had previously served for four years as Lecturer of the Na- 
tional Grange, and in 1913 he was re-elected to the position for a term of 
two years. The rapid growth of the State Grange during his incumbency 
as Master has been largely due to his executive skill and energy. In the 
sixteen years of his chief-ship its member roll has increased from 3,000 to 
25,000. His office in the Federal Reserve Bank was created by President 
Wilson's National Reserve system law, and Senator Gaunt's election was 
made by the 264 banks m Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware that are 
within the Philadelphia Reserve Bank group. In 1915 he was re-elected 
for a second term of three years. 

He had been frequently heard m the Halls at Trenton in committee 
hearmgs on matters effecting the husbandry of the state before Grange in- 
fluences brought him into politics. In 1908 he was elected to the New 
Jersey State Senate and was particularly active in promoting public utility 
measures, in the Cold Storage Commission and in that on Tuberculosis in 
Animals and sponsors as well for much of the "Good Road" and Automo- 
bile Legislation during his incumbancy. The act limiting grants of public 
franchises to fifty year terms, as against perpetuity, was introduced by 
him and provoked one of the most excitmg discussions in the recent his- 
tory of the Legislature. He was re-elected to the Senate in 1911 and agam 
in 1914 : and has served on many of the most important of the Senate com- 
mittees. When Senator William T. Read resigned the Senate Presidency m 
March, 1916, to become Treasurer of the State, Senator Gaunt was advanced 
to the position and he served as Senate President in 1917 also. During 
an absence of the Governor from the state on a trip west, he served as 
acting Governor. In 1917 Governor Edge appointed him a member of the 
new State Highway Commission. 

Senator Gamit was born on the "Homestead Farm" near Mullica Hill. 
He had occupied it until March. 1901, when he purchased it. He was ed- 
ucated in the public schools of the county and graduated from the Deptford 
School at Woodbury. 

Senator Gamit was a delegate to the Republican National Convention 
of 1912. is a Mason and connected with other secret organizations. 

JOHN PALMER GAVIT — Englewood. — Editor and Writer. 
Born at Albany, N. Y., on July 1, 1868 ; son of Joseph and Fanny 
Breese (Palmer) Gavit; married at Rondout, N. Y., on May 8, 
1890, to Lucy, daughter of the Rev. Thomas and Caroline D. 
(Jayne) Lamont. 

Gebhardt 205 

Children : Joseph Lamoiit, born at Chicago, 111., December 

8, 1898. 

John P. Gavit's coimectioii with the newspaper profession has been 
almost continuous since 1883, when he began to devote spare hours to it 
in the business office of the "Albany Evening Journal." With the excep- 
tion of an interval of several years of social settlement and industrial wel- 
fare work, he has been active in journalism, and is now managing editor 
of the "New York Evening Post," and a trustee and secretary of the cor- 
poration which publishes that newspaper and "The Nation." He is the 
author of "The Reporter's Manual," a handbook for newspaper men, and is 
particularly interested in the sex instruction of children and in social hy- 
giene generally, being a member of the board of directors of the New York 
Social Hygiene Society. 

Mr. Gavit received his education in the Albany public schools, graduat- 
ing from the Albany High School in 1886, and pursued during some eight 
years special studies, chiefly sociological, in Hartford and Chicago Theo- 
logical Seminaries (Congregational). He has been connected with news- 
papers m Albany and Hartford, Conn., but the larger part of his journalis- 
tic career was in the service of The Associated Press, in which he was 
Albany correspondent. Day Manager at New York, Chief of the Washington 
Bureau and Superintendent of the Central Division with headquarters at 
Chicago. For the "Evening Post" he has served as Albany legislative and 
political correspondent, Washington correspondent and has been managing 
editor since 1913. In 1896, while in residence at the Chicago Commons 
social settlement, he fovmded and was for five years editor of "The Com- 
mons," organ of the international social settlement movement ; the maga- 
zine later was absorbed in what is now "The Survey." 

Mr. Gavit served five years in the Signal Corps of the Connecticut Na- 
tional Guard. He is a member of Temple Lodge, No. 14, F. and A. M., of 
Albany, of the National Institute of Social Sciences, of the Gridiron and 
National Press Clubs of Washington, the Lotos Club of New York, and the 
Knickerbocker Country Club of Tenafly. 

WILLIAM C. GEBHARDT— Clinton.— Lawyer. Born at Cro- 
ton (Hunterdon Comity), March 28, 1859; son of G. W. and Jane 
Cavanagh Gebhardt ; married at Frenchtown, on June 24th, 1886, 
to Evelina E. Reading, daughter of Philip G. and Evelina Evans 
Reading, of Frenchtown. 

Children: Elinor Reading, wife of Herbert Clark Gilson ; Clara 
Allen; Evelina Evans; William Reading, lawyer; Philip Read- 

William C. Gebhardt is Clerk of the Supreme Court of the State, and 
in the State Senate where he served for nine years was regarded as a 
forceful member on the democratic side. 

Senator Gebhardt whose family coat of arms traces its ancestry back 
to 1330, graduated from the Clinton Institute, read law in the office of 

206 Gelert 

Theodore Hoffman and was admitted to the bar at the Jime term of 
1884 as an Attorney and three years later as a counselor. He has since 

done business in Clinton, and, 
besides, maintained an office in 
Jersey City. 

His public work began when 
he was made Corporation Coun- 
sel of the town of Clinton. He 
filled that position for ten years 
and was also President of the 
local Board of Education. He 
-.^ '^""^B^^B^ ^^^ ^^^^^ position as a school 

prmcipal before he studied law. 
In 1900 he was elected by a 
plurality of 1281 to represent 
Hunterdon County in the State 
Senate and re-elected m 1906 
and 1909. The majority of 2237 
hy which he won in the third 
campaign was the largest ever 
cast for a senatorial candidate 
in Hunterdon. Senator Geb- 
hardt's senatorial work was 
featured particularly by his ad- 
vocacy of the Wilson Progressive policies and of local option ; and Governor 
Wilson after the expiration of Senator Gebhardt's thir term appointed him 
to the oflSce of Clerk of the Supreme Court to succeed Joseph P. Tumulty 
who had resigned the place to become President Wilson's Private Secre- 
tary. Senator Gebhardfs term will expire in 1918. 

Senator Gebhardt is President of the First National Bank and a mem- 
ber of the Somerville Countrv Club. 

JOHANNES SOPHUS GELERT — South Orange. — Sculptor. 
Born in Nybel Schleswig, Denmark (Prussia), December 10, 
1852 ; son of Ludwig Christian Frederick and Constance Andrea 
(Petersen) Gelert; married in Chicago in 1896, to Georguie J. B. 

Children : Carl Robert, born m 1900 ; Alfred Christian, born in 
1901 ; Elsa Ingeborg, born in 1903. 

Johannes Sophus Gelert attended the village schools in Schleswig from 
1859 to '65, spent a year at the schools in Copenhagen, and from 1870 to 
'75 studied art at the Royal Academy at Copenhagen. He began his artis- 
tic career in 1867 as an apprentice at wood carving. After his graduation 
from the Royal Academy of Copenhagen he made a tour through Germany 
and then worked for fifteen months in Paris. In 1878 at the Salon he ex- 
hibited a colossal group representing the Norse God, Thor, combating a 
bull. From 1879 to 1882 he was engaged on large monumental works in 
Berlin ; and in 1882 executed several decorative statutes for a theatre in 

Gilbert 207 

Copenhagen. He afterwards studied at Rome on a scholarship awarded by 
the Danish government. 

Mr. Gelert became a resident of the United States in 1887 and was ad- 
mitted to citizenship in 1892. He worked at his art in Chicago until 1898 
and since then has been established in New York City. He exhibited at the 
World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893 (member International Jury 
of Award), Paris Exposition 1900 (honorary mention), Nashville ('enten- 
nial Exposition, 1897 (gold medal), Philadelphia Art Club, (for group "The 
Little Architect" (gold medal), American Art Society, Philadelphia (gold 
medal) and Buffalo Exposition (honorary mention.) 

Among Mr. Gelert's important works are : Four statues representing 
Roman Civilization, Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences ; portrait statue 
of Col. Stevens, founder of Minneapolis ; portrait statue of Furman Uni- 
versity of Tennessee, Nashville ; statue representing Denmark, for United 
States Custom House, New York City ; colossal group representing the 
Struggle for Work, at World's Columbian Exposition ; statue representing 
Napoleon the Great, for the Missouri State Building at the Louisiana Pur- 
chase Exposition ; statue representing Gothic Art for the Fme Arts Build- 
ing m St. Louis; Haymarket Policeman Statue (Haymarket Square) and 
Beethoven and Anderson statues (Lincoln Park), Chicago; Grant's statue 
in Galena, 111. and nme statues and a frieze in marble for the Bergen Coun- 
ty Courtliouse at Hackensack. 

Mr. Gelert is a member of the National Sculptors Society and of the 
Architectural League. His studio is at 11 E. 14th street, New York City. 

ALEXANDER GILBEKT~Pla infield. ^Banker. Born at Eliz- 
abeth, August 10, 1839; son of Thomas and Phebe (Matthews) 

Gilbert ; married on June 6, 
1805, to Louise F. Randolph, 
daughter of Isaac F. and 
Isabella F. Randolph of 
New Durham. 

Alexander Gilbert has been 
President since 1897 of The 
Market and Fulton National 
Bank of New York. He was 
Mayor of Plainfield on a repub- 
lican nomination for the six 
years between 1891 and 1897. 
In 1892 he represented the ath 
Congressional District m the Re- 
publican National Convention at 
Minneapolis that put President 
Harrison in renomination. In 
1908 he was one of the Presi- 
dential Electors who cast the 
vote of New Jersey for William 
H. Taft for President. 
Mr. Gilbert was Secretary of the New York Clearing House Associa- 



tiou in 1894 aud 1895, a member of the Clearing House Committee in 1904 
and 1905, and its President in 1906 and 1907. 

He is connected witli the New York Board of Trade, the New York City 
Chamber of Commerce, the American Academy of Political and Social 
Science, and the Pilgrim Society. He is also a member of the Union League 
Club of New York and of the Plainfield Coimtry Club. 

Mr. Gilbert early in life chose the bankmg business for his occupa- 
tion ; aud from '63 to "97 was Cashier of The Market and Fulton National 
Bank of New York; and m 1S97 he was elected its President and con- 
tinued as such mitil January 1, 1917. when he was elected Chairman of 
the Board of Directors. He is the Dean of the New York Clearing House 

FREDERICK VV. GMCHTEL— Trenton.— Lawyer. Born in 
Newark, June 20, 1860, son of Frederick and Amelia (Lightlove) 
Gnichtel ; married August 15, 1888, at Trenton, to Caroline Callis 
Stevenson, daughter of George Hartman Stevenson. 

Children : One daughter. 

The family of F. W. Gnichtel came from ^Veimar, Saxony, Germany, 
immediately after the collapse of the Revolution in 1848 and 1849 : some 
members of the family had taken an active part in the up-rising there. 
They settled in Newark, where he was born and lived imtil 1881. His edu- 
cation was acquired in the public 
schools of Newark ; and he en- 
tered the offices of J. Franklin 
Fort and J. A. Cobb to study 
law. Meanwhile he studied 
shorthand, practiced it in New 
York for a time, went to Tren- 
ton in 1881 aud has lived there 
since. Chief Justice Beasley ap- 
pointed him law reporter and 
ofiicial stenographer of his cir- 
cuit, and he foimd the opportun- 
ity between times to engage in 
newspaper work for many years. 
He was admitted to the bar in 
June, 1898. and has practiced 
law in Trenton ever since. 

When Mr. Gnichtel became in- 
terested in public affairs, he act- 
ed with the Republican party ; 
in 1901 was elected to the Tren- 
ton Common Council, and re- 
elected m 190.3. During his two 
terms he was Chairman of the 
Finance C^immittee, and leader of the majority. In 1905 he was elected 
Mayor of the city ; at the end of his term he declined a re-nomination. The 

Godfrey 209 

acquaintance with municipal problems he had acquired in the two city 
offices, led Governor Stokes to appoint him a member of the Commission to 
Investigate the Laws governing Municipalities. His report was an argu- 
ment in favor of complete Home-Rule for the government of cities, which 
was afterward so widely urged throughout the state. 

In May, 1909, was appointed by Governor Fort to act ad mterim as 
Judge of the Mercer County Common Pleas ; in 1910 Fort appomted him 
for the full term of five years. His term expired on April 1, 1915. The 
state having a democratic Governor, he failed of re-appointment. In 1910 
he was an active member of a committee organized to secure the passage 
of an act permitting the cities of the state, on a referendum, to discard their 
existing forms of mmiicipal government for the "short ballot" system of 
Commission Rule. The act the committee framed was passed by the legis- 
lature; and, later he took an active part in the movement that culminated 
in the acceptance of the act by the people of Trenton. Thirty-seven cities 
have adopted the Commission Rule System. In Jmie, 1916, he was elected 
President of the New Jersey Bar Association. 

CARLTON GODFREY— Atlantic City.— Lawyer. Born at Bees- 
leys Point, Cape May county, January 13, 1865. 

Carlton Godfrey represented the comity of Atlantic, in the New Jersey 
House of Assembly for three terms, and in 1915 was Speaker of the House. 
He had previously, while serving, as City Solicitor of Atlantic City, drawn 
the charter under which the city was operated from 1902 until the form of 
government was changed to the Commission Rule System. He directed the 
movement that obtained for Atlantic City almost all of five miles of ocean 
front for park puiposes and secured the necessary legislation. The better 
roads that have since been provided for the territory in and near the coast 
resort are largely the product of his energy. 

Speaker Godfrey was educated in the public schools, and himself 
taught school mitil he entered the office of James B. Nixon, then of At- 
lantic City but later of Camden, as a law student. Admitted to the Bar 
in 1889, he has since practiced the profession in Atlantic City. His first 
partnership was with Burrows C. Godfrey formed in 1894 and continued 
imtil 1914, when Burrows C. died, and Speaker Godfrey associated himself 
with H. Starr Giddmgs and Raymond P. Read under the firm name of 
Godfrey, Giddings & Read. 

He took a deep interest in school matters and was a member of the 
Board of Education and Atlantic City for twelve years. He has the dis- 
tinction too of bemg one of the very few in New Jersey who have served 
as Secretary of a local Building and Loan Association continuously for 
a period of more than twenty-five years. 

Mr. Godfrey has been President of the Guarantee Trust Company of 
Atlantic City since its organization in 1900, and in the same year became 
President of the West Jersey Title & Guaranty Company. He is a member 

210 Goerke 

of the New Jersey Bankers Association and in 1906-1907 was its Presi- 

RUDOLPH J. GOERKE— Newark. (634 Clinton Avenue.)— Mer- 
chant. Born in Brooklyn. N. Y., September 19th, 1S67 ; son of 
Rudolph J. and Pauline (Heinz) Goerke; married at Brooklyn. 
January 23rd, 1895. to Ottilie X. Van Yelsor, of Flushing. L. I. 

Children : four girls and two boys. 

Rudolph J. Goerke has been for many years a conspicuous figure in 
the mercantile life of the upper part of New Jersey. His parents were 
born in Germany, and came thence to Brooklyn, where the elder Mr. Goerke 
made the acquaintance that eventuated in his marriage to Miss Heinz. The 
father soon afterwards went into business, opening a house furnishing 
store in that city. 

There Mr. Goerke, while completing his studies in the public and high 
schools of the city, obtained the early business traming that fitted him for 
the greater enterprises of his later years. He had scarcely passed man- 
hood years when he and his brother launched out for themselves with a 
department store at Broadway and Bedford Avenue. Brooklyn. Under the 
firm name of Goerke Bros, they made it a going venture, and continued 
at that location luitil changes in the character of the purchasmg popula- 
tion compelled the closing of the store, and moved Mr. Goerke to seek other 
fields for his activities. 

He came to Newark twenty years ago ; and. looking for a site for a new 
venture, he was quick to see the trade opportunities of the Market street 
corner of Broad in that city. That corner had already became locally 
notable for its surging throng of way farers. It has smce risen to the 
third place among the population centers of the United States. Mr. Goerke 
fore-saw its greater destiny, a^nd picked it as the scene of his new busmess 
enterprise. The department store he established there grew in popularity 
until "Goerke's store"' and "The Four Corners" came to mean the same 
thmg in the Newark mmd. 

So, when the subway tul)e to New York was projected with a terminal 
at one end of Military Park and the imposmg terminal building of the 
Public Service Corporation was reared at the other end, Mr. Goerke saw 
the new drift of the moving throng, and opened his new store on the Cedar 
street corner of Broad street, across the way from the Park. The new 
growth the business has experienced there, has more than vindicated his 
judgement. In collaboration with E. A. Kirch of Newark. Mr. Goerke. in 
March of 1913, opened the first department store in Elizabeth, which from 
the very opening of its doors has been a success. 

Mr. Goerke has been largely interested in all matters that make for the 
up-build of Newark as a commercial and business metropolis : and. as a 
member of the Newark City Committee of 100. contributed towards the 
success of the City's 250th birthday festivities from May to October of 
1916. He is a member of the Board of Trade, Director in the Dime Sav- 
ings Bank and the Clinton Trust Company. Newark; a large factor in 

Gore 211 

several building and loan associations, and associated with golfing and 
motoring organizations. 

JOHN KINSEY GORE— Orange, (59 High Street.)— Actuary. 
Born in Newarlv, Feb. 3, 1864, son of George Witherden and Mary 
Lewis (Kinsey) Gore; married at Newark, in 1898, to Jeannette 
Littell, daughter of John Meeker Littell and Amelia Littell, of 

Israel Gore, to whom Mr. Gore's family traces its lineage, came from 
Margate, England, and settled m Newark in 1826. He was a physician 
and surgeon and acquired a large practice and a wide professional repu- 
tation. His son, George Witherden Gore, born m Margate, England, in 
1824, came with his father and mother to this country, and in 1848 married 
Miss Kmsey, Miss Kinsey was of Quaker stock, and of a family that had 
long been prominent in Burlington County. 

Mr, and Mrs. George Witherden Gore lived in Newark at the time of 
the birth of John Kinsey Gore. Mr. Gore studied in the public schools 
of Newark ; and, when he entered the High School in 1870, he was noted 
for having qualified for admission at an exceptionally early age. He af- 
terwards went to Colunbia University (1879-'83), where he graduated with 
the A, B. degree. Three years later the College conferred the A. M. degree 
upon him. While in College, he taught in an evening school and found 
occasional employment as a bookkeeper ; and. after graduation he became 
a teacher — eventually Vice Principal — in the Woodbury School in New 
York City, a scientific preparatory school. 

It was not however until he was drawn into insurance activities that 
he found his life callmg. In 1891 he was given a position as a clerk in the 
Actuarial Department of the Prudential Insurance Company in Newark, 
and rose rapidly from one position of responsibility to the higher one. He 
had been with the company only three years when he was made its Mathe- 
matician. A year later he was promoted to the position of Assistant 
Actuary, and two years later placed at the head of the Actuarial Depart- 
ment. Mr. Gore still holds that position. In 1907 he was elected a member 
of the Board of Directors and in 1912 became Vice President. 

From the first he entered into the spirit of his work ; and. among other 
improvements in business methods, in 1896. invented a system of recording 
and tabulating statistics that has smce been in use by the Company, and has 
also been utilized by other companies. Meanwhile Mr. Gore has found time 
to devote to the life of the commmiity around him, and made his influence 
felt in public and civic affairs. In 1895 he was elected a member of the old 
Board of Education of Newark, and he is at present a member of the 
Board of Sinking Fund Commissioners of Orange. 

Mr. Gore is the author of several articles on vital statistics and ac- 
tuarial subjects, including "Should Life Insurance Companies Discriminate 
against Women?", "The Improvement in Longevity in the United States 
in the Nineteenth Century," and "Is Human Life Lengthening?" 

Mr. Gore is a member of Columlna I'niversity Club, the New Jersey 

212 Goss 

American Mathematical Society, the Actuarial Society of America (its 
President, 1908-'10), the New Jersey Chamber of Commerce, Newark Board 
of Trade, New Jersey Automobile <& Motor Club, New England Society of 
Orange (its President. 1912-'18), and Hope Lodge, F. & A. M. East 

WARREN LEE GOSS— Rutherford.— Author. Born at Brew- 
ster, Mass., on Aug. 19, 1835 ; son of William AV. and Hannah 
( Foster ) Goss ; married in Feb. 1871 to Emily A. Torbush, of 
Norwich, Conn. 

Children : Harry T., born Oct. 20, 1871, a Mechanical Engineer, 
firm Goss & Brice. New York City. 

An enthusiastic veteran of the Civil War. Warren Lee Goss's writings, 
most of them, have a martial flavor. He started out with the idea of being 
a lawyer ; but, the Rebellion breaking out meanwhile, his patriotic ardor 
was aroused, and he enlisted as a private in the United States Engineers 
in 1861. W^hen the term of his enlistment ran out in 1863 he re-enlisted 
as a sergeant of Co. H of the 2nd Regiment, Mass. Captured, he had a 
taste of life in a southern military prison at Libby and Andersonville and 
later at the prison on the Charleston Fair Groimds and at Florence, South 
Carolina. He served until the close of hostilities, and, when he was dis- 
charged in Nov. 1865, sat down and wi-ote the "Soldier's Story of Cap- 
tivity at Andersonville," (1866). In 1887 "The Century" in its War 
Series printed eight chapters of his "Recollections of a Private," and in 
1880 these were embodied in a volume with added chapters. "Jed," now in 
its 28th thousand, was published in 1889; "Tom Cliftou" in 1892, "Jack 
Alden" in 1895, "In the Navy" in 1908, "Boys' and Girls' Life of Grant" 
in 1911 and "The Boy's Life of General Sheridan" in 1913 are others of 
his offerings — all books on the Civil War and written to promote patriot- 
ism. In his "English Review of the Civil War," published in the "North 
American Review" in July, 1889, Lord Wolseley, Adjutant-General of the 
British Army, especially commended Mr. Goss's articles on the "Recol- 
lection of a Private" for general study. "For, after all," Lord Wolseley 
wrote,' "questions of strategy and of tactics and of the importance of 
organization of all kinds, turn upon the effect which is ultimately pro- 
duced on the spirit and well being and fighting efficiency of the private 

Mr. Goss is descended, on his father's side, from Colonel or General 
William Goss who, after or just before the Restoration, together with his 
father-in-law General Edward Whalley, both of them military officers under 
Oliver Cromwell, and also members of the Court that tried and convicted 
Charles I. of high crimes and treason and condemned him therefore to 
death, fled from England and went into hiding in Western Massachusetts. 
His mother was decended in the ninth generation from Elder William 
Brewster pastor of the Mayflower through his daughter Patience who 
married Governor William Prence. When his son graduated and went 
into business in New York City, Mr. Goss moved his home from Norwich, 
Conn, to Rutherford to give his only son a home. 

Gould 213 

Mr. Goss was educated at the Pierce Academy, Middleboro, Mass., and 
took a course iii 1860, '61 at the Harvard Law School. Since the close of 
his service in the army he has been engaged largely as editor and magazine 
writer. From 1873 to '76 he was President of the National Union of ex- 
prisoners of War and in 1890 its historian. He was for five years on the 
staff of the Commander-in-chief of the G. A. R. and for two years officiated 
as its National Patriotic Instructor. 

Mr. Goss's club and society membership are with the G. A. R., the 
Society of American Authors, etc. 

GEORGE JAY GOULD— Lakewood.— Capitalist. Born in New 
York, February 6, 1864; son of Jay and Helen Day (Miller) Gould; 
married September 14, 1886 to Edith M. Kingdom. 

George J. Gould has been making his home in New Jersey for some 
years. His estate at Lakewood is one of the most imposing in the country. 
His father was the most potent railroad magnate in the world of his day, 
and George Jay Gould, as the head of the family the late Jay Gould left, 
has succeeded to the functions m the railroad and business world that 
were engaging his father's attentions when he died. Mr. Gould's adminis- 
tration of the estate left by Jay Gould has multiplied its value many fold. 

Mr. Gould was educated by private tutors and first came into the biisi- 
ness life of the country as a clerk in the bankuig house of W. E. Connor 
& Co., New York, m which his father was a controlliug partner. Mr. Gould 
succeeded his father in the partnership in December, 1885 and became a 
member of the New York Stock Exchange in February of the following 
year. He enteredthe railway service in April, 1888 as President of the 
Little Rock & Ft. Smith Railway Company, and he was elected the same 
year as President of the Manhattan Railway Company (N. Y. ), serving 
mitil 1913. It was in 1888 also that he made his first appearance among 
the officers of the Texas and Pacific Railway Company of which he is 
now President. He became its first Vice President in May and reached 
the Presidency in January of 1893. From May, 1893 to March, 1911 he 
was President of the Missouri Pacific Railway Company, and since 1911 
has been chairman of its Board of Directors. He became President and 
Director of the St. Louis Iron Movmtain and Southern Railway Company 
in 1892, continuing m that relation until March of 1911. He was from 
1893 to 1911 President of the Union National and Great Northern Rail- 
way Company, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Wabash Rail- 
way Company from 1903 to 1905 and Vice President of the Western Union 
Telegraph Company from 1901 to 1910. 

Mr. Gould is now also Director D. & R. G. Ry. Co., Rio Grande South- 
ern R. R., AVestern Md. Ry. Co., W. Va. Central & Pittsburgh Ry. Co., Utah 
Fuel Co., Davis Coal & Coke Co., Guaranty Trust Co., Globe Express Co., 
and Manhattan Ry. Co. 

Mr. Gould is a member of the State of New York Chamber of Com- 
merce, the American Geographical Society, the S. R. and the Society of 
Foreign AVars. His club memberships are with the Kaiserlich und Konig- 

214 Gouiiey 

liehes Yacbtgescliwader zu Pola, Royal Soutliamptoii Yacht, New York 
Yaclit Club, Atlantic Yacht, Spesuita Island Rod and Gmi, Automobile 
of America, Country of Westchester. County of Lakewood, Rumsou Country, 
New York, New York Athletic, and the Lawyers, of New York City. 

Mr. Gould's New York City home it at S57 Fifth Ave. ; his office at 
165 Broadway, N. Y. 

WILLIAM B. GOURLBY—Paterson.— Lawyer. Born in Gil- 
ford, County Down, Ireland on March 2, 1857 ; son of Henry Gour- 
ley Catherine (Boyle) Gourley. 

William B. Gourley has served in the State Legislature, been Chair- 
man of the Democratic State Committee, served as a member of the 
Democratic National Committee and proven his efficiency as a presiding 
officer and chairman at some of the most turbulent State Conventions in 
the history of that party. His parents came to the United States in 1866 
and settled in Paterson. He was educated in the public schools : and, 
having studied law in the offices of James Evans, once City Counsel of 
Paterson and of Albert Comstock, also of Paterson, was admitted as an 
attorney m June, ISSO and as a counselor at the June term of 1883. He 
was afterwards licensed to practice at the Bar of the LTnited States Circuit 
and District Courts. 

Mr. Gourley allied himself with the democratic party and was an inde- 
pendent candidate for the New Jersey House of Assembly in the old fourth 
Assembly district of Passaic Coiuity in 1881. His opponent was Thomas 
Flynn who was afterwards Speaker of the House. Mr. Gourley was de- 
feated upon that occasion by 26 votes, but four years later commanded the 
regular nomination of the party. The plurality of 1300 by which he then 
won at the polls was the largest that had ever been given for a candidate 
for that office in Passaic up to that time. The legislative session of 1886 
in which he participated was full of exciting episodes ; and one of his 
achievements was the making of an all-night speech, of five hours dura- 
tion, to prevent the passage, in the closing hours of tho legislature, of an 
act to which his constituents were opposed. Before that session was over. 
Gov. Abbett nominated him to the Senate for Prosecutor of the Pleas of 
Passaic County and he served for two terms of five years each. 

Apart from his official work for the state and the comity, Mr. Gourley 
has been energetic in party service. He associated himself early with the 
Passaic County Committee; and for ten years was the Chairman of its 
sub-Committee on organization. His service as Chairman of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee covered the nine years from 1898 to 1907. The 
Democratic National Convention of 1900 designated him as New Jersey 
member of the Democratic National Committee; and he served until 1908, 
when ill health forced him to abandon active jjarticipation in politics and 
he resigned his positions on both Committees to devote himself to his law 
practice. He has been a delegate to many State Conventions and was 
Permanent Chairman of two. That of 1898 was one of the most tumultous 
that ever sat in the state; and Mr. Gourley was selected to occupy the 
chair because of his known ability to deal with situations of that kind. 


Grant 215 

Since his retirement from politics Mr. Gourley has devoted himself 
entirely to his practice, which is mainly in the line of corporation work. 
He is a member of the Hamilton, Lotos, Reform, Grolier and Baltusrol 

ROLLIN P. GRANT— Westfield.— Banker. Born at Westfield, 
on Jan. 6, 1870 ; son of Anson F. and Elizabeth P. Grant ; married 
at Westfield, on Oct. 16, 1895, to Mary Coger, daughter of John J. 
Coger, — (now deceased). 

Children : Winifred Mae. 

Rollin P. Grant is President of the Irving National Bank of New York 
City. The Irving National Bank conducts its operations on a strictly com- 
merical basis. Its resources, smce it absorbed the National Nassau Bank, 
exceed $130,000,000, and it has a capital of $4,000,000 with a surplus in 
excess of $3,000,000. 

Mr. Grant left school when he was eighteen years of age to accept 
a place with the wholesale shoe house of Morse & Rogers. He was soon 
offered the position of Paymg Teller in the New York National Exchange 
Bank, and three years later, in 1901, he became its Cashier. In 1908, when 
the consolidation with the New York National Exchange Bank was effected, 
the title, "Irving National Exchange Bank" was adopted and he was elected 
Vice President. When, later, it purchased the control of the Mercantile 
Bank, the title was changed to the Irving National Bank. For a long 
time the business was conducted at Chambers Street and West Broadway, 
but upon the completion of the Woolworth Building, it took the more ample 
accomodations offered there. 

Mr. Grant, Ayho was elected President of the Irvmg National Bank in 
1912, is one of the youngest of the executives of the great metropolitan finan- 
cial institutions. He had assumed a good part of the administrative work, 
and was therefore in close contact with every branch of the business, 
before he succeeded to the Presidency, and, ever since he became a force 
in the management of its affairs, the policy has been one of conservatism 
as well as wide-awake enterprise. 

Mr. Grant is well known as a lover of outdoor sports, devoting a good 
part of his leisure time to golf and tennis. He is a familiar figure on the 
links near Westfield, where he resides. 

Mr, Grant is also a Director in the Peoples Bank & Trust Co., of 
Westfield ; and his clubs are the Union League, Hardware, and Bankers, 
of New York City; Siwanoy Country Club, Mount Vernon, (N. Y.), Wyan- 
danch Club, Smithtown, L. I., and the Baltusrol Golf Club, at Milburn. 

HOLMES FRANCIS GRAVATT— Camden.— Clergyman. Born 
in Clarksburg, (Monmouth Co.), on August 3, 1866; sou of Paul 
Morris and Elizabeth (Francis) Gravatt ; married on June 3, 1890 
to Matilda C. Francis of Clarksburg. 



Children: Charlotte Vivian, a graduate of Goucher College, 
teacher of English in the High School, Camden ; Mildred Francis, 
a graduate of the State Normal School, teacher m a public school 
near Camden ; E. Carlisle, Freshman in Wesleyan University, 
Middletowu, Conn. 

Holmes F. Gravatt has, for more than a quarter of a century, been 
connected with the New Jersey Methodist Conference; and twice repre- 
sented the Conference as its 
delegate in the General Con- 
ference of the Methodist Church 
— in that at Baltimore in 
1908 and that at Saratoga 
Springs in 1916. His pastorate 
of the First Methodist Episco- 
pal Church in Camden has cov- 
ered a period more than twelve 

Dr. Gravatt's boyhood days 
were spent at Francis Mills : 
and his education, begun m the 
country public schools, was con- 
tinued in a private Academy at 
Perrineville, conducted by the 
Rev. George MacMillan, a Pres- 
byterian clergyman. He subse- 
quently a t te n d e d the High 
School at Toms River, and for 
three years after his graduation 
therefrom taught school while 
he took private lessons in 
Greek, Latin and the sciences. 
He finally entered Drew Theological Seminary at Madison graduating in 
1890. He was admitted to orders at once and became a member of the 
New Jersey Annual Conference. 

His first pulpit was in the Methodist Church at Delanco where he 
served three years. He was afterwards assigned to Beverly for fovir years, 
to Grace Church at Red Bank three years, Central Church at Atlantic 
City three years. First Church Millville for two years and in 1904 he was 
called to the First Church in Camden. 

EDWARD W. GRAY— Newark, (141 Wakeman Avenue)— In- 
surance. Born in Jersey City, on Aug. 18, 1870; married in 1898 
to Altha R. Hay, of Summit. 

Edward W. Gray is a member of Congress from the Eighth New Jer- 
sey District, and in busmess is President of the Argus Press, publishers of 
the Bayonne "Review." He attended the public schools of Jersey City; 



and, beginning as a clerk in a store, entered newspaper work a few 
years later as a reporter on the "New York Herald." In 1898 he became 
City Editor of the Newark "Daily Advertiser," and five years later was 
made President and General Manager of the Company that published it. 
Leaving the newspaper field he organized the Commercial Casualty Insur- 
ance Company. 

Mr. Gray was Secretary of the Republican State Committee when he 
was first elected to a seat in Congress, in 1914. He was a member of the 
State Board of Tenement House Supervision for eight years, served for 
three years as Private Secretary to Governor Stokes and for six years as 
Secretary of the Republican State Committee. 

CHARLES HENRY GREEN— Ridgewood, (123 Spring Avenue.) 
— Industrial Promoter. Born at Albion, Mich., April 17th, 1867 ; 
son of Henry S. and Mary E. (Ketchum) Green; married on 
July 16, 1890, to Ada May Kernaghan, daughter of William G. and 
Hester A. Kernaghan, of Detroit, Mich. 

Charles H. Green had much to do with the International Exposition 
held at San Francisco in 1915 in commemoration of the opening of the 
Panama Canal ; and as the result of his work as an exposition manager, 

he has since 1903 been Manag- 
^, - ing Director or President of 

more than forty Industrial Ex- 
positions. He was Chief of the 
Department of Manufactures 
and Varied Industries of the 
Panama-Pacific International 
Exposition and active for two 
years before the Exposition 
opened in makmg preparations 
for the display. He was ap- 
pointed United States Commis- 
sioner to Japan and China in 
the interest of the Exposition, 
was President of the Depart- 
ment Jury and a member of the 
Superior Jury of the Interna- 
tional Jury of Awards. For his 
labors in connection with the 
Exposition and in special recog- 
nition of his distinguished ser- 
vices, he received from the Em- 
peror of Chma in 1916 the Chia 
Ho Decoration. 
Mr. Green comes from sturdy Vermont ancestry, his grandfather, 
White Ketchum, having beene the first white man to locate as far West as 
Marshall, Michigan. Orator H. Green, his other grandfather, was one of the 

218 Green 

founders of Albion, Michigan. Mr. Green's parents both graduated from 
the Albion Seminary, now known as Albion College, and these two pioneer 
families were united through their marriage, in the early sixty's. 

Mr. Green was educated at the Homer Academy, Calhoun County, 
Michigan, and became a registered chemist of that State. He was after- 
wards, from 1900 to 1902, advertismg and sales manager of the Shredded 
Wheat Sales Company of Niagara Falls, N. Y. He next turned his atten- 
tion to the sales and advertising promotion for a number of large indus- 
trial concerns through the medium of Trade Expositions in various parts 
of the country, including the Brooklyn Automobile Show, the Brooklyn 
Food and Industrial Exposition, the New York Food and Industrial Expo- 
sition, the New England Industrial Exposition in Boston, the Boston 
Mechanics Exposition, the National Music Show and others of which he is 
still Managing Director. 

Mr. Green is an enthusiastic Jerseyite and was an organizer and 
President of the New Jersey Society of California during the Exposition 
period and took active interest in the participation of New Jersey. 

In politics Mr. Green is a Republican and in religion an Episcopalian. 
His Clubs are the Sphinx and the Hardware of New York, the Union 
League of Bergen Comity, the Ridgewood Covmtry, and the Olympic of San 
Francisco. He has offices at 277 Broadway, New York. 

JAMES MONROE GREEN, (Ph. D., LL. I).)— Trenton, (55 N. 
Clinton Avenue.) — Educator. Born at Succassunna, (Morris Co.) 
on August 29th, 1851 ; son of William Hampton and Alice (Hop- 
kins) Green; married at Long Branch, on October 8, 1878, to 
Caroline E. Morris, daughter of Jacob Wolcott and Elizabeth L. 
(Pearce) Morris, of Long Branch. 

Dr. Green obtained his early training in the district schools in the 
vicinity of his home until January of 1867, when he went to Trenton and 
entered the State Model School. In the following September he entered 
the Normal School where he remained a year. For the next twelve months 
he taught district schools at Mt. Freedom and Ledgewood, in his home 
county, at the same time continuing his studies. He then returned to the 
Normal School and completed the course, graduating with the class of 1870. 

After graduation from the Normal School, Dr. Green taught at Morris 
Plains for a year, when he received the appointment to the principalship 
of School No. 1, at Long Branch, where he remained until 1874, when he 
entered Dickmson College. During his stay at Dickinson the schools of 
Long Branch were grouped together and related to a new high school. On 
leaving Dickinson, Dr. Green was assigned to the principalship of this high 
school and to the superintendency of all of the schools of the city. 

In 1889 he was appointed by the State Board of Education to the prin- 
cipalship of the State Normal and Model Schools at Trenton, where he has 
been ever smce, and in which position he remained until his resignation 
became effective, June 30, 1917. In 1887 Dickmson College conferred the 
degree of A. M. upon Dr. Green, and LL. D. in 1905. In 1884 he received 



the degrees A. M. and Ph. B. from Illinois Wesleyau University, and Ph. D. 
in 1890. 

Dr. Green is a life member of the National Education Association, of 
which he was president in 1901, the general session of this body holding 
its meeting that year at Detroit, Michigan. In 1895 he served as president 
of the Normal Department of the N. E. A. He holds membership in the 
Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle States and 
Maryland (Pres. 1910-'ll), the State Teachers Association (Pres. 1881), 
the New Jersey Council of Education (Pres. 1896), and the New Jersey 
Sanitary Association (Pres. 1886). As a member of the State Board of 

Examiners he is familiar with 
the history of the system of cer- 
tificating teachers for the State, 
and has frequently suggested 
and drafted the revision of the 
rules pertaining thereto. He has 
served too on the advisory 
boards of the State Conference 
of Charities and Corrections, 
and the New Jersey Congress 
of Mothers and Parent-Teacher 
Associations, and is actively in- 
terested in the success of their 

Dr. Green has lectured at sev- 
eral of the large Universities, at 
Harvard, Pennsylvania, etc., and 
his contributions to educational 
literature may be found in the 
Volumes of the National Educa- 
tion Association, the official doc- 
uments of the New Jersey 
Council of Education, the "Edu- 
cational Review," and m various educational periodicals and newspapers of 
the State and country. As a speaker he has been in demand at the various 
educational, patriotic, civic and social gatherings of the State and nation. 
He was for years an instructor at the county institutes, in which capacity 
he has addressed the teachers of every county many times. He is a member 
of Phi Kappa Psi and Phi Beta Kappa fraternities, the Sons of the Revolu- 
tion, the Trenton Chamber of Commerce, the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, the Schoolmaster's Club, the Symposium, and the Trenton Country 


During Dr. Green's administration of the State Normal and Model 
Schools the annual enrollment of the Normal department increased from 
255 to 682, the Model from 445 to 641, and the staff of instructors from 
29 to 66. The course of study in the Normal School has been developed 
to include — in addition to the general course — kindergarten, domestic 
science, manual training, and commercial courses, of two years in length,— 
and a four year high school teachers course — a teachers college course; 
apd the entrance requirements have been raised to graduation from a four 

220 Griggs 

year course high school on the "Approved List." In 1889 Dr. Green pro- 
posed a system of approving high schools, adopted by the State Board of 
Education, resulting in an approved list of 132 public and 51 private high 
schools, from which the Normal School now draws its students. 

■ Student teaching centres have been established throughout the State 
so that Normal students might secure there a very practical experience, in 
addition to the student teaching done in the Model School. 

Under Dr. Green's principalship. the original school buildmgs were 
connected by a centre building in which are housed the auditorium, labora- 
tories, class rooms, etc., a separate gymnasium, and a large whig m which 
are accommodated the domestic science and nature departments, the library, 
and various class rooms. The boarding halls were also enlarged by two 
dormitory wings, and an isolated infirmary. 

JOHN W. GRIGGS— Paterson.— Lawyer. Born in Newton 
(Sussex Co.) July 10, 1849; son of Daniel and Emelme (Johnson I 
Griggs ; married on October 7. 1874 to Carolyn Webster Brandt 
of Belleville, daughter of William and Eliza (Leavitt) Brandt — 
2nd on April 15, 1893 to Laura Elizabeth Price, daughter of War- 
wick and Beulah R. (Farmer) Price. 

Children : John Leavitt, born June 10, 1876 ; Helen, born Novem- 
ber 22, 1877 ; Leila, born November 21, 1879 ; Daniel, born Novem- 
ber 21, 1880 ; Constance, born November 23, 1882 ; Elizabeth, born 
May 31, 1894 ; Janet, born June 20, 1896. 

John W. Griggs has been, since 1901, a member of the Permanent 
Court of Arbitration at The Hague, was Governor of New Jersey for 
1896-98, and Attorney General of the United States from 1898 to 1901 ; and 
is President of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America. As 
the plurality of 27,000 by which he reached the Governorship in 1896, over 
the candidacy of Chancellor McGill, was three times as large as any by 
which any previous candidate had been chosen, and, as the first Republican 
the State had accepted for the office since Civil War times, his election was 
of direct and immediate import in national politics. 

At that time the national campaign of 1896 was in its formative state, 
and it was generally understood that Ex-Gov. McKinley of Ohio, was to be 
made the republican nominee for President. The capture of New Jersey 
by the republicans by so striking a majority, pointed her out as the state 
in the East that should name McKinley's running mate, and eventuated in 
the nomination for the Vice Presidency of Garret A. Hobart, of Paterson, 
whose splendid campaign, as Chairman of the Republican State Commit- 
tee for Mr. Griggs, had put him in the eye of the people. 

Mr. Griggs had previously served in both branches of the State Legis- 
lature. The Republicans of Passaic county sent him to tiie House of As- 
sembly hi 1876 and again in 1877. In 1882 he became the Senator from 
Passaic and, re-elected, served in the Upper House imtil 1888, being Presi- 
dent of the body in 1886. His caustic oratory and force in debate com- 

Grosscup 221 

manded quick attention, and lie had scarcely entered the legislative arena 
before he was among the recognized leaders of the State. 

A most important service was that which he rendered while in the 
Senate in connection with the first act ever passed for the taxation of the 
railroads. The railroads were once claiming exemption from taxation 
under irrepealable contracts with the state ; and even the great Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Company was then paying into the State Treasury less then 
$300,000 a year in the form of transit duties. Governor Abbett had made 
his campaign on the insistment that they should be made amenable to the 
taxing laws of the state as other property holders were ; and soon after the 
opening of the Session of 1884 he flung into the legislature an act he had 
drawn to that end. The act was one of the most bitterly contested in the 
recent history of the State. The Houses were for a time deadlocked over 
it. The Democratic Assembly insisted upon passing it as Abbett had 
drawn it ; the Republican Senate stood for modifications Senator Griggs 
had proposed to it. Agreement was not reached through a series of con- 
ference committees ; but a joint committee in which Senator Griggs was the 
master-mind, finally got it into the shape in which it was finally passed. 
The income of the state vuider the law and others by which it has smce 
been elaborated, now exceeds $4,000,000 a year. 

Senator Griggs' senate work put him among the leading statesmen of 
the commonwealth; and the Republican State Convention of 1895 placed 
him in nomination for Governor. Assummg the oflice early in January 
of 1896, he resigned in 1898 to become Attorney General of the United 
States. He resigned that position on April 1st, 1901 and resumed practice 
of law in its larger field in New York City and Paterson. He is identified 
with large financial interest in both cities and has appeared in many im- 
portant litigations for some of the most prominent corporations in the 
country. He is a Director of the New York Telephone Co., the Bethlehem 
Steel Co. and the"'American Locomotive Co. 

Governor Griggs graduated from Lafayette College in 1868 and received 
the degree of L. L. D. from Princeton in 1896 and from Yale in 1900. He 
studied law first in the office of Ex-Congressman Robert Hamilton at New- 
ton and afterwards in the office of Socrates Tuttle of Paterson, father of 
Mrs. Hobart. He was admitted as an attorney in 1871 and as a counselor 
in 1874. In '78 he was appointed Covmsel of the Passaic Covmty Board of 
Freeholders and in 1879 made City Counsel of Paterson. 

He is a member of the LTnion League of New York City, the Hamil- 
ton Club of Paterson and of the Areola Country Club. 

EDWARD E. GROSSCUP— Wenouah.— Real Estate. Born m 
Bridgeton, August 2, 1860 ; son of Charles C. and Anna D. Gross- 

When James R. Nugent was retired as Chairman of the Democratic 
State Committee, in August, 1911, Edward E. Grosscup, who was represent- 

222 Gummere 

ing Gloucester County in ttie Committee, was elected to succeed him, and 
the conduct of the New Jersey campaign for Governor Wilson's election 
in the Presidential contest of 1912 fell to Mr. Grosscup's hands. Mr. Gross- 
cup was re-elected in 1913 for the three year term ending in 1916. 

Mr. Grosscup had led forelorn hopes as a democratic candidate in sever- 
al local contests before he thus came into State view. In 1896 he was 
the democratic candidate for Sheriff in Cumberland Comity and in 1898 
for State Senator. In the latter campaign he was opposed by Edward C. 
Stokes, afterwards Governor; and, in both, the republican leanings of the 
county made his candidacies hopeless ones. In 1899 he removed to Glouces- 
ter comity and there, in another republican county, he sought political 
preferment as a candidate for the House of Assembly. In 1908 he con- 
sented, in the interest of party autonomy, to stand as a candidate for Con- 
gress against Congressman Henry C. Loudenslager. 

Governor Wilson appointed Mr. Grosscup a member of the State Board 
of Equalization of Taxes in 1911. but he resigned before the expiration of 
its five year term to accept the office of State Treasurer, to which the 
Legislature elected him in 1913. He served there until the spring of 1916. 
In the fall of that year Governor Fielder appointed him State Purchasing 
Agent under an act just previously passed by the legislature. His term will 
expire m 1921. 

WILLIAM STRIKER GUMMERE— Newark.— Jurist. Born in 
Trenton, on June 24, 1852; son of Barker and Elizabeth (Stry- 
ker) Gummere. 

William S. Gummere is Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the State 
of New Jersey. His father was one of the leaders of the State Bar. 

Chief Justice Gummere was educated at the Trenton Academy and the 
Lawrenceville school and graduated from Princeton in 1870. Having read 
law in his father's office he practiced for a time in the office of G. D. W, 
Vroom, who was then Prosecutor of the Pleas for Mercer County. Later 
iQ association with Ex-Goveror Joel Parker, who was his imcle, he prac- 
ticed in Newark ; when that firm was dissolved he became the senior mem- 
ber of the firm of Gummere & Keen. This partnership was terminated 
when Mr. Gummere was made Counsel of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany with offices in Trenton to succeed Edward T. Green, who had been 
appointed Judge of the United States District Court. 

Mr. Gummere's first seat on the Bench of the Supreme Court of the 
State in February, 1895, was given to him on Governor Werts's appoint- 
ment, to fill out the unexpired term of Ex-Governor Leon Abbett, who had 
died while serving as a member of the Court. Governor Yoorhees in 1901 
nominated him to the Senate, for Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and, 
confirmed in February, he took his place as the Chief of the Court in 
November. He succeeded Chief Justice David A. Depue who had resigned 
after thirty-five years of service on the Bench. Governor Fort re-appointed 

Haight 223 

him in 1908, and Governor Fielder in 1915 gave him another term of seven 

THOMAS G. HAIGHT— Jersey City, (104 Bentley Avenue.) — 
Jurist. Born at Colts Neck (Monmouth Co.), on August 4, 1ST9 ; 
son of John T. and Mary (Drummond) Haight; married at Free- 
hold, in 1905, to Annie M. Crater, daughter of David S. and Annie 
Woodhull Crater, of Freehold. 

Children : Nancy, born June 24. 1908 ; Catharine, born April 18th, 
1913; David Crater, born April 5th, 1917. 

Thomas G. Haight is a Judge of the United States District Court for 
the District of New Jersey. His father was, at the time of his death in 
1892, County Clerk of Monmouth Comity, and had always been prominent 
in the councils of the Democratic party. Mrs. Haight's father was Secre- 
tary of State from 1912. until his sudden death in New York, in 1914 ; and 

Judge Haight's uncle. General 
Charles Haight, was a brilliant 
lawyer and orator. Judge 
Haight's grandfather, for whom 
he was named, was, in 1847, 
prominently mentioned as a 
Democratic candidate for Gov- 
. , Judge Haight was educated 

" at the Freehold Military Insti- 

¥ '^''l / ^^^*® ^^^ ^^ Princeton Universi- 

^^ tv. He read law in the office 

of Edmimd Wilson, once Attor- 
ney General of New Jersey, and 
meanwhile attended the New 
York Law School, from which he 
graduated in 1900 with the de- 
gree of L. L. B. He became an 
attorney in November of 1900 
and a counselor in 1904. For a 
time after his admission he was 
managing clerk in the office of 
Queen & Tennant in Jersey City, 
but upon the dissolution of the firm he formed a partnership with the junior 
member and practiced under the firm name of Tennant & Haight. That 
partnership was dissolved on the appointment of Mr. Tennant by Gover- 
nor AVilson to be Judge of the Hudson Covmty Common Pleas. In 1911 
Mayor Wittpenn appointed Mr. Haight City Attorney of Jersey City but 
he resigned two years later to become the County Counsel of Hudson 
County. He was holding that position when, in February, 1914, Presi- 
dent Wilson named him to the United States Senate for United States 
District Court Judge. 

224 Hall 

Judge Haight rose rapidly to professional recognition after he had 
begun the practice of law iii Jersey City. He became interested in the 
politics of the state at the time when Woodrow Wilson was first pro- 
posed for Governor. He entered enthusiastically into Governor Wilson's 
canvass ; and was a delegate from the 12th Congressional District to the 
Baltimore Convention of 1912, 

Judge Haight is a member of the Carteret Club and Down Town Club 
of Jersey City, the Nassau Club of Princeton, the Cannon Club of Prince- 
ton University, the Princeton Alumni Association of Hudson County, the 
Areola Country Club, Bergen Lodge No. 47, F. & A. M., the American Bar 
Association of New Jersey. State Bar Association and the Hudson County 
Bar Association. 

and Lecturer. Born in Boston, Mass., on August 25, 1845 ; daugh- 
ter of Dr. Samuel Gridley and Julia (Ward) Howe; married, Bos- 
ton, on Nov. 15, 1871, to David Prescott Hall, son of David 
Priestly and Caroline (Minturn) Hall. 

Children : Samuel Prescott, born Sept. 18th. 1872 ; Caroline 
Minturn, born Aug. 25, 1874, married to Hugh Birckhead ; Henry 
Marion, born April 1, 1877 ; John Howe, born June 20, 1881. 

Besides being the daughter of Julia Ward Howe, famous as the author 
of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic," Florence Marion Howe Hall is of 
equal note in the field of literature and in labors for the political advance- 
ment of women. She has been i^articularly active in promoting the woman 
suffrage movement, was for eight years President of the New Jersey State 
AVoman Suffrage Association (now its honorary President) ; has been 
President also of the Plainfield and North Plainfield Equal Suffrage 
League, leader of the Woman Suffrage party. Twelfth Assembly District 
of New York City, and in the season of 1916 acted as General Secretary 
of the Newport County (R. I.) Woman Suffrage League. Equally inter- 
ested in women's work in other directions, she was for six years Chair- 
man of Correspondence for New Jersey of the General Federation of 
Women's Clubs, has been Vice President and Director of the New Jersey 
Federation, and for eleven years was President of the Plainfield branch 
of the Alliance of Unitarian Women. She has been Regent and Vice Re- 
gent, Continental Chapter D. A. R. and is now Hon. Vice Regent. 

Mrs. Hall's father was Surgeon-in-Chief of the Greek fleet in the 
Revolution of '22-'29. Known as "The Massachusetts Philanthropist" and 
as "The Cadmus of the Blmd," he was the educator of Laura Bridgman, 
the first blind-deaf-mute taught the use of language. One of Mrs. Hall's 
books is entitled "Laura Bridgman, Dr. Howe's Famous Pupil." Her 
mother, besides her literary activities, served as President of the Massa- 
chusetts State Federation of Women's Clubs, was the founder of many 
clubs, President of the American Women Suffrage Association and of the 
"Association for the Advancement of Women," a body of women who did 
excellent work in many States. 

Halsey 225 

Mrs. Hall was educated by governesses part of the time and later at- 
tended Miss Peabody's private school at Jamaica Plain, the Agassiz School 
at Cambridge and the Clapp School in Boston, graduating in 1863, Her 
tutor in piano music was Otto Dresel, 

Mrs. Hall was brought up in an atmosphere of patriotic, philan- 
thropic and literary activity. Her best known lecture on the platform, at 
women's clubs and colleges relates to the distinguished people she has met. 
Most of Mrs. Hall's books were published by Dana Estes & Co., of Boston, 
and Harper & Brothers, New York. She is the author of "Social Cus- 
toms," "Handbook of Hospitality for Town and Comitry," "Boys, Girls 
and Manners," "The Correct Thing in Good Society," "Flossy's Play 
Days," "Julia AVard Howe and the Woman Suffrage Movement," "Social 
Usages at Washington," "Good Form for all (3ccasions," "A. B. C. of 
Correct Speech," "The Story of the Battle Hymn of the Republic" and, in 
collaboration with Mrs. Maud Howe Elliott, "Laura Bridgman, Dr. Howe's 
Famous Pupil." 

Mrs. Hall is also an honorary member of the Monday Afternoon 
Club of Plainfield, and was its President ; Regent and now honorary Vice 
Regent of Continental Chapter D. A. R. ; honorary member of the New 
Jersey Women's Press Club, and once President, now honorary member of 
the Garden Club at High Bridge. All of her sons are Harvard graduates 
and hold Harvard degrees — Samuel Prescott that of B. A., Henry M.. B. A. 
also Ph. D. Columbia, and John Howe that of M. A. and B. A. 

CHARLES HENRY KING HALSEY— Elizabeth, (668 North 
Broad St.) — Banker. Born in New York City, on July 2, 1850; 
son of Charie's Henry and Elizabeth Gracie (King) Halsey; 
married at Elizabeth, on Oct. 13th, 1885, to Helen I. Kittle, 
daughter of Robert G. and Lavinia S. Kittle, of Oyster Bay, 
New York. 

Children: Alfred DeWitt, born on July 5, 1888; Elize Gracie, 
born Jan. 20th, 1890; Helen Isabel, born March 17, 1891. 

Charles H. K. Halsey is President of the Union County Trust Com- 
pany of Elizabeth. Though he is a factor in the life of the community, he 
has never held any public office except when from 1880 to 1883 he served 
as a member of the City Council in Elizabeth. He was, however, from 
1904 to 1913, President of the Elizabeth Board of Trade. In this position, 
he improved all his opportunities to assist in the movements that make 
for municipal welfare; and during his term, he was a prominent figure 
in many public celebrations. 

Mr. Halsey was educated at the parochial school of Christ Episcopal 
Church in Elizabeth and the Pingry School. In 1873 he entered the Na- 
tional City Bank at 52 Wall street. New York, as a rimner and worked; 
up to the position of assistant to the Paymg Teller. The National State- 
Bank of Elizabeth offered him in 1882 the pesition of Paying Teller and 
he accepted it. He left there ui 1901 to go to the First National Bank: 
of Elizabeth as its Vice President and Manager. The Union County 



Trust Company, organized in that year, purchased the First National 
Banlv and he continued with the consolidated Trust Company as Secretary 
and Treasurer mitil 19U5 when the Board of Directors elected him Presi- 

Mr. Halsey is a member of the Elizabeth Club, Baltusrol Golf, and the 
Down Town Club of Newark, and the Rotary of Elizabeth. 

The father of Mr. Halsey's mother was President of Columbia College, 
New York. 

AUGUSTUS V. HA3IBURG— Newark, (324 Clifton Avenue,) — 
Manufacturer. Born m St. Louis, Mo., July 4, 1858 ; son of Augus- 
tus and Margaret (Bremer) Hamburg; married at Newark, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1882, to H. Ella Hedden, daughter of Ephraim and 
Elizabeth Hedden, of Newark. 

Children : Mabel J. 

The iiarents of Mr. Hamburg returned to Newark from St. Louis when 
he was two years of age. He acquired his early education hi the public 
schools of the City and finished with a business course in the New Jersey 
Business College. His first employment was in the dry goods business in 

Newark, and after five 
years with the knowledge 
he acquired he accepted a 
position with a firm en- 
gaged in the wholesalmg 
of dry goods and notions in 
New York where he ob- 
tained an expert loiowledge 
(if handling and selling of 
buttons. His experience as 
a salesman combined with 
the knowledge he obtained 
of the button mdustry led 
to the organization of the 
Hamburg Button Company 
of Newark, in 1896, of 
which he became President. 
This Company was one of 
the first to engage m the 
manufacture of "Mother 
of Pearl" buttons and nov- 
elties, and under his man- 
agement and guidance it 
became one of the leaders 
in this industry. 
As a member of several Committees and Chairman of some, in the 
Newark Board of Trade— the representative civic organization of the 
City— Mr. Hamburg was brought into such close touch with the methods 

Hamill 227 

and policy of the Board that he was elected as its President, and he has 
been re-elected for four consecutive terms, an honor which had not been 
conferred upon any of his predecessors. During his administration many 
projects aimed to improve civic conditions have been given impetus and 
direction. He has been called upon to assist in various civic movements 
during the recent five years, serving the City as a member of the City Plan 
Commission smce 1913, and contributing to the work of developing general 
plans for the improvement and betterment of the City, and as a member 
of the Board of Trustees of the First Presbyterian Church, helping to 
broaden its field of labors. 

As a member of the Citizens' Committee of 100 appointed under Legis- 
lative act by the Mayor to formulate and carry out plans for the observance 
of the 250th Anniversary Celebration of the founding of the City, Mr. 
Hamburg's advice and support were given in various directions and he 
assumed, as Chairman of the Sub-committee on Manufactures and Trades, 
the responsibility of arranging and carrying out a successful three weeks 
exposition of industrial products made in Newark, which brought together 
a display of exhibits of a highly educational character. On the outbreak 
of infantile paralysis in 1916, he was selected by Mayor Raymond to serve 
as Chairman of the Citizens' Health Committee, in co-operation with the 
health authorities of the City. 

Mr. Hamburg is Vice-President of the Ironbound Trust Company, 
trustee of the Presbyterian Hospital, and a Director of the New Jersey 
Automobile Club. He has just retired from the Presidency of the Associ- 
ated Automobile Clubs of New Jersey. As Director of the Federation of the 
New Jersey State Chamber of Commerce, he helped to weld together a 
powerful body of influential citizens representing the various civic organi- 
zations in all parts of the State of New Jersey. He is also a Trustee 
in the Newark Institute of Arts and Sciences and in various other organi- 
zations working for public betterment and civic welfare. 

When the problem of road construction and traflic regulations became 
acute he was selected by Governor Fielder to serve as a member of a 
State Commission to study and report recommendations to the Legisla- 
ture. The Commission's Avork resulted in the preparation of laws and the 
adoption of traffic regulations which are regarded as comprehensive, work- 
able and an advance over those in effect ui other States. 

Mr. Hamburg has refused to become active in the political life of 
Newark, having once declined to accept the nomination for the office of 

His club memberships are with the Essex, the Down Town and the 
North End Clubs. 

JAMES A. HAMILL— Jersey City, (2.39 Washmgton Street.) 
Lawyer. Born in Jersey City, March 31, 1S71. 

James A. Hamill has been a Member of the National House of Repre- 
sentatives in Washmgton, representing the now 12th district of New Jersey, 
since 1909. He had previously served in the state legislature. Mr. Hamill 



attended the Sixth Ward public school and entered St. Peter's College in 
Jersey City m 1890, graduating from there in 1897 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. For a year followhig he took the post graduate course 
in Philosophy and received the degree of Master of Arts. He read law 
in the office of Isaac Taylor, who was at one time a partner of Chancellor 
Alexander T. McGill and meanwhile attended the lectures at the New 
York Law School, where he became a Bachelor of Laws. Admitted to 
practice at the June term of 1900, he opened an office in Jersey City and 
has been practicing there ever since. 

Mr. Hamill's first nommation for the Assembly was given to him by 
the Democratic County Convention of 1901 and he served in the Houses 
of 1902-1903-1904-1905. At that time the question of the equal taxation 
of railroads with individual property owners was the topic of the hour, 
and Assemblyman Hamill took a showy part in the debates. In 1906 Allan 
L. McDermott, who had represented the district in the three prior Con- 
gresses, declined to stand for re-election, and Assemblyman Hamill was 
given the nomination. The democratic majority of the covuity made the 
nomination as good as an election and he has been re-elected at every cam- 
paign since. 

OGDEN HAGGERTY HAMMOND— Bernardsville. — Insurance. 
Born at Louisville, Ky., October lo, 1869 ; son of John Henry and 
Sophia Vernon (Wolfe) Hammond; married at Hoboken, April 

8, 1907, to Mary Picton 
Stevens, daughter of 
John and Mary (Mc 
Guire ) Stevens. 

Children: Mary Ste- 
vens, born May 22, 
1908 ; Millicent Vernon, 
born Feb. 2.5th, 1910; 
Ogden H., Jr., born 
Sept. 17th, 1912. 

Ogden H. Hammond is 
Vice President of the Ho- 
boken Land & Improvement 
Company. His wife was of 
the Stevens family of Cas- 
tle Point. He has always 
evinced a warm interest in 
public affairs. He resided 
before coming to New Jer- 
sey at St. Paul, Minnesota 
and Superior, Wis. In Su- 
perior he was for two years 
a member of the Board of 
Aldermen, chairman of its finance Committee; and for three years First 
Lieutenant of Co. I Third Regiment, Wisconsin National Guard. 

Hardenbergli 229 

Mr. Hammond is of Scotch-Irish descent on his fatlier's side and of 
English and French admixture on his mothers. He was educated at Exeter 
Academy whence in 1889 lie entered Yale, graduating with the class of 

Upon coming to New Jersey — in 1907 — he removed, immediately 
after his marriage to Miss Stevens, to Bernardsville. He was soon made a 
member of the Bernardsville Township Committee, serving in 1912-'13-'14. 
In 1913 the Republicans of Somerset county put his name on their ticket for 
election to the New Jersey House of Assembly, but he was defeated. In 
1914 he was put in nomination again and elected by a plurality of 868 over 
his democratic opponent. At the election of 1915 he was nominated for a 
second term and his plurality rose to 1303, with a popular democrat m the 
poll against him. In 1916 he was a delegate to the Republican National 
Convention, that nominated Charles E. Hughes against President Wilson. 

In the Assembly Mr. Hammond served as a member of the Commis- 
sion charged with the erection of the new Hospital for the Insane and of the 
Municipal Finance Commission and Chairman of the Civil Service Investi- 
gation Commission. He served on the Appropriations Committee and on the 
Committee on Militia and was Chairman of the Committee on State Prison. 

Mr. Hammond's club memberships are with the Union, Yale, Racquet, 
Riding, St. Anthony, University, Somerset Hills Coimtry, Somerville 
Countrv. Essex Fox Hounds and the Middlebrook Comitry. 

JOHN WARREN HARDENBERGH— Jersey City. — Banker. 
Born in Jersey City, on August 16th, 1S60 ; son of Augustus A. and 
Catharuae (Van Home) Hardenbergh ; married at New York 
City, on December 8, 1886, to Lillian Williams Wilson, daughter 
of Legrand K. and Anna M. (Williams) Wilson, of Cold Sprmg, 
N. Y. 

Children : Katharine Warren, born October 19th, 1887. 

John W. Hardenbergh is President of the Commercial Trust Company 
of New Jersey, the ofiices of which are m Jersey City, and of the Registrar 
& Transfer Company of New York. He has been President of the Trust 
Company since 1900 and of the New York Company since 1906. He has 
served as a member of the Board of Finance of Jersey City and was one 
of the Hudson County Park Commissioners. 

Mr. Hardenbergh was brought up in a banking atmosphere. His father, 
who was also distinguished in the political life of the covuity, was for many 
years President of the Hudson County National Bank, and a director of 
several other financial Institutions. He was also a member of the Board 
of Finance of Jersey City, a Presidential Elector and for many years a 
Member of Congress. Augustus A. Hardenbergh was a son of Cornelius 
L. Hardenbergh, L. L. D., of New Brmiswick. a lineal descendent of Major 
Johannes Hardenbergh of Albany. N. Y., born in 1670. 

Mr. Hardenbergh was educated at the Hasbrouck Institute. Jersey 
City, and in the Shefiield Scientific School of Yale College, graduatmg from 
there in 1880 with the Ph. B. degree. After leaving college he devoted 

230 Hanliii 

laimself to civil engineering for a time, and served as Assistant Engineer 
of the West Sliore Railroad Company from 1880 to '82. Then he entered 
his father's bank as a clerk, became Assistant Cashier in 1887, Cashier in 
'99 and served as President from 1912-'16. 

Mr. Hardenbergh is a meml)er of the Hdlland Society of New York, 
the Hudson Coimty University Club, the Carteret Club, Jersey City, and 
The Graduates Club, New Haven, Conn. 

JOHN R. HARDIN— Newark.— Lawyer. Born m Sussex County, 
April 24th. 18(30; son of Chas. Hardin and Abbie M. (Hmit) 
Hardm ; married at Newton, Feb. 1st, 1894, to Jennie Josephine 
Roe, daughter of Chas. Roe, of Newton. 

Children : Chas. Roe, Elizabeth A. and John R., Jr. 

John R. Hardm has long been Imown in the public and professional 
life of New Jersey ; and he has been sought at various times for high 
political and judicial honors. But the opportunities of his profession 
proved to be more temptuig. He foimd time however in his early profes- 
sional days to serve professionally as attorney of the Newark Board of 
Health and, politically, as a member of the Newark Board of Aldermen, 
and he was a member of the state legislature in 1891-'92. Although his 
political activities ceased many years ago, he has since been solicited to 
allow the use of his name as the candidate of his party, (the Democratic) 
for Governor, and once or twice was urged for United States Senator. He 
has refused all offers of office that might take him away from his rapidl.^ 
growing practice • — even those of a professional character. He decliueu 
to accept Governor Murphy's offer of a seat on the Bench as Circuit Judge 
and Governor Stokes's subsequent offer of an appointment as Justice of the 
State's Supreme Court ; and when Chancellor Magie, also, tendered him a 
Vice Chancellorship, he again found it unadvisable to accept. 

Others, honorary in their character, he has accepted. In 1900 he was 
appointed by Governor Voorhees to he one of the Managers of the New 
Jersey State Village for Epileptics, and served on that Board mitil 1903. 
He was also a member of the Commission that prepared the judiciary 
amendments to the state constitution m 1905 ; and since 1897 has been, by 
gubernatorial appointment, a member from New Jersey of the National 
Conference on Uniform Legislation. In 1903 Chief Justice Gummere ap- 
pointed him to a seat on the Essex County Park Commission, of which he 
has become treasurer, and he became in 1904 a member of the Newark 
Sinkmg Fund Commission ; he is still connected with both of these local 

Mr. Hardin was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention of 
1904 and again to that of 1908 ; and was chairman of the State Convention 
that nominated Chas. C. Black for Governor in 1904, and the later one 
(1910) that put Woodrow "Wilson before the people of the state as a guber- 
natorial aspirant. 

Mr. Hardin's earlier education was secured at the Chester Institute, 
Chester (Morris Co.) He graduated from Princeton hi 1880, with the 
A. B. degree, and was given the A. M. degree in 1883. He was admitted to 



the New Jersey Bar, as attorney, at the June term 1884, and became a 
counselor at the term of 1887. He practiced law alone in Newark until 
1902, when he formed a partnership with J. O. H. Pitney mider the firm 
name of Pitney & Hardin, to which firm subsequently ex-Judge Alfred F. 
Skmner was admitted : and the firm is now doing business mider the title 
of Pitney, Hardin & Skinner. 

The practice of the firm is in all lines — except the criminal branch. 
It has a large corporation l)usiness, but is not under regular retainer by 
any. It has been the policy, rather, to keep itself free for a general 
practice. Mr. Hardin has been associated at times with Attorney Generals 
McCarter, AVilson and AVestcott in important litigations between the state 
and the railroad companies and has been frequently engaged in municipal 

Of Mr. Hardin's three children, Chas. Roe, is a graduate of Princeton, 
1915, and is now in Harvard Law School; John R. Jr., is a graduate of 
Princeton, 1917, and Elizabeth A. is a graduate of Vassar, class of 1916. 

Mr. Hardin is a member of the Essex and North End Clubs (Newark), 
Essex County Country Club, University (New York), Baltusrol Golf 
Club, Somerset Hills Country Club, Somerville Country Club, the Prince- 
ton (New York), and is Director of the Essex Comity National Bank, the 
Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company, and American Insurance Com- 
pany. He is a Mason, connected with St. John Lodge No. 1, Newark. 

PHILAxNDER ABBEY HARRIS— Paterson, (453 Park Avenue.) 
— Gynecologic and Abdomhial Surgeon. Born in a Quaker settle- 
ment in Warren County on 
Jan. 29th, 1852; son of 
Cummms Q. and Abigail 
Roberts (Wintermute) Har- 
ris ; married in Paterson, on 
November 15th, 1876, to 
Margaret Rowson, daughter 
of Thomas Rowson, of Mac- 
clesfield, England. 

Children : Grace Abbey. 

Dr. Harris is one of the fore- 
most specialists in AI)dommal 
Surgery in the State. Begin- 
nuig his schooling in the dis- 
trict schools of the Quaker set- 
tlement in which he was born 
and of Johnsonsljurg, he attend- 
ed the Seminary in Schooley's 
Momitaiu and graduated from 
/the University of Michigan. In 
1873, he graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Colum- 
bia University, New Yoj-k. 

232 Harrison 

Dr. Harris was Healtli Commissioner of Paterson for several years, 
lias been President of the Passaic County Medical Society, and in 1912 was 
first Vice President of the American Medical Association. He is a Fellow 
of New York Academy of Medicine, the American Academy of Medicine, the 
American College of Surgeons and the American Gynecological Society, 
member of the Society of Surgeons of New Jersey, and the Lehigh Valley 
Medical Association. Hon. member of the Morris County Medical Society, 
Corresponding member of the Gynecological and Obstetric Society of Paris, 
(France). Visiting Gynecologist and Obstetrician to the Paterson General 
Hospital (since 1892). Consulting Gynecologist to the Barnert Memorial 
Hospital of I'aterson, Consultmg Gynecologist to the Passaic General 
Hospital. Passaic, and to the New Jersey State Hospital at Greystone Park 
In the Public Library at Paterson and in the library of the Academy of 
Medicine, New York City, there can be found thirty or more monographs 
on gynecological and surgical subjects written by Dr. Harris. 

Dr. Harris's lineage is American for several generations back and all 
have been residents of Northern New Jersey. His paternal grandfather 
was Isaac Harris and paternal grandmother, Abbie Howell. His grand- 
father on his mother's side was Charles Wintermute. and grandmother was 
Anna Shotwell. 

Dr. Harris is a member of the Hamilttai Club, Paterson. 

EDLOVV WINGATE HARRISON— Jersey City, (15 Exchange 
Place.) — Civil and Consulting Engineer. Born in New York City, 
May 9, 1851; son of Samuel E. and Sarah Edlow (Williams) Har- 
rison; married 1885 to Martha A. Bumsted, daughter of "William 
H. and Martha Bumsted, of Jersey City, (died October, 1886,) 
— 2nd. in 1889 to Harriet Taylor McLaughlm, daughter of Edward 
Tunis and Elizabeth (Heller) McLaughlin, (died November, 1910.) 

It was mider Edlow AY. Harrison's supervision as engineer that the 
values of the railroad properties in the state were first fixed, after Gover- 
nor Abbett had over-thrown their "irrepealable contracts'' and subjected 
their properties to the taxing laws of the state. 

Leon Abbett m 1883, made his canvass for the governorship on a pledge 
to see that the railroads bore somethmg like an equal share of the public 
burden, and he was elected. He went to the governorship with the belief 
that the railroads ought to pay at least a million dollars a year. The re- 
sult was the passage of the tax act of 1884. The act was contested in the 
Courts, and every item in the state's mventory of their taxable assets was 
disputed. In the end both the act and the valuations were sustained by 
the courts and the act went into full operation. 

As the state's Chief Engineer, Mr. Harrison had a new problem to 
confront ui the effort to fix the valuations. There was no precedent as to 
what constituted the franchise of a railroad, and more doubt as to the 
method of ascertaining its tax value. It was a question, too, whether the 
real estate holdings of the companies should be assessed as parts of a great 
continental system or as part of the surromiding farm and city lands. Mr. 



Harrison found a safe basis for tlie assessment of botli values ; and liis in- 
ventory included specifically the valuation not only of every railroad struc- 
ture in the state, but every rail and spike in the road-beds of the rail- 
ways. The state's railroad receipts the first year of the new tax act ran 
up to $1,000,000. The basic data theories and methods as determined by 
Mr. Harrison's investigations and appraisal still remain as the base of 
railroad tax value in the State. 

Mr. Harrison is of English descent, his father having been born in 
London and his mother in Kent. His two given names are those of two old 
Kentish families in his father's line. The Harrison's trace their descent 

back to the Rev. Thomas Harri- 
son, who was Chaplain and Sec- 
/ retary to Henry Cromwell when 

Lord Deputy for Ireland under 
his father. The Protector. His 
maternal grandfather was of 
Welsh and West of England 
stock who were large ship own- 
ers and builders in Bristol from 
the earliest days of the East In- 
dia trade. His grand-parents 
came to New York about ninety 
years ago, and engaged in manu- 
facturing in the then suburban 
neighborhood of Twenty-fourth 
Street and Eighth Avenue. 

Mr. Harrison was educated in 
the public schools of New York, 
with a supplementary course in 
mathematics, drawing, etc., at 
the New York Free Academy 
from 1862 to 1S69. He attended 
the engmeering classes at the 
Cooper ITnion from 1869 to 1872, and took courses in mechanical engineer- 
ing, construction, strams, etc., under tutors at the same time. He com- 
menced work as assistant engineer in the office of Bacot. Post & Camp, of 
Jersey City in 1869, and assisted Robert C. Bacot, for many years Secre- 
tary of the State Riparian Board, in riparian work. He was later em- 
ployed by Leon Abbett in the celebrated Hoboken street and water front 
litigation in the United States courts, as expert in the preparation of the 
engineering data. As assistant engmeer of the Water Department of Jer- 
sey City, he afterwards engaged in the examination and study of the grow- 
ing pollution of the Passaic River, with a view to securing a remedy, and 
took conspicuous part in the change of the City water supply. 

As Consulting and Chief Engineer of the Jersey City Water Supply 
Company, the contractor for the present upland supply of water to Jersey 
City from the Rockaway Water Shed, 1899-1905, he designed and built the 
Boonton dam and reservoir and the aqueduct line of some thirty miles to 
the City, costing $7,500,000. The dam, at the time of completion, ranked 
among the first twenty in the world in dimensions, being about one half 

234 Harrison 

mile long, and over one hvmdred feet high, the lake formed containing 
about 10.000 millions gallons of water. In building this dam, Mr. Harri- 
son revived a method of masonry construction which had been largely util- 
ized by the ancient Romans in heavy work, but for many centuries 
abandoned. The enormous development in the manufacture and uses of 
hydraulic cement in recent years, and the discovery of the advantages of 
wet concrete which can be poured, as it were, into forms, suggested to Mr. 
Harrison the substitution of dropping from a scaffold or derrick the rough 
masses of undressed stone, direct from the quarry, in all shapes and sizes 
into the deep beds of wet concrete previously dumped, the stones sinking 
into the concrete matrix and bedding themselves. In the Boonton dam no 
trowels were used, and there was no skilled mason work except in the 
dressed granite face and copings. The speed of construction was enorm- 
ously mcreased and the cost cut in two, while the whole dam l>ecame a 
monolithic mass. Since its erection, practically all the great dams in the 
world have been built in this way. Its title "Cyclopean Masonry," has 
gone into engineer mg nomenclature. Another revival of Roman practice 
was adopted on this work by using wet moulded reinforced concrete for 
some four miles of eight foot conduit m the Afpieduct instead of the then 
almost universal practice of usmg brick or stone. The new method was 
afterwards adopted for the Catskill Aqueduct for New York, and in the 
Passaic Valley Sewer from Paterson to Newark. 

In 1892, Mr. Harrison was appointed by the Hudson Comity Court as 
Chief Engineer to lay out. open and improve the Hudson County Boule- 
vard, extending from the Kill Von Kull at Bergen Point, fourteen miles, to 
the Bergen Comity line, with a branch along the top of the Palisades and 
down into Hoboken a total of twenty miles, one hundred feet wide through- 
out, paved, curbed, drained and lighted, with sidewalks. For the whole 
line it was wholly or partially laid out over new lands, moving, or taking in 
whole, several hundred houses. The cost, when completed in 1897. was 
$2,500,000. The road now forms the first link in the Lincoln Highway to 
the West, out of New York. 

The growing pollution by sewage, of the Passaic River resulted in the 
enterprise of constructing the Passaic Valley Trmik Sewer, from Paterson 
to Newark. Mr. Harrison was one of the Consulting Engineers in the in- 
ception and designing of this great work, and the expert of the State in 
the litigation and negotiations with the United States as to sanitary and 
navigation problems involved, and drew the engineering conditions con- 
tained in the final agreement between the State and the United States' 
authorities, which are now the basis for the rights to use the navigable 
waters in New York Bay for a disposal field. As Chief Engineer of the Com- 
mission, Mr. Harrison located the sewer and prepared the original plans 
and estimates, resigning in 1911 by reason of not being physically able to 
assume charge of actual construction. This work is now approaching com- 
pletion at a cost of about fourteen million dollars. From 1897 to 1910, Mr. 
Harrison was engaged as expert in fixing the values of all the water front 
properties in Hudson County, and for all the trimk line railroads there, in 
settling the values of terminal property before the State Tax Board. 

Mr. Harrison, in connection with his partner, the late Frank H. Earle, 
designed and prepared the specifications for the new draw bridge of the 



New York and Long Branch Railroad over the Raritan ; was consulting 
engineer on terminals, etc., for the Mc Adoo tunnel ; consulting engineer for 
the Pennsylvania Railroad in fixing the value of the New York tunnel to 
that Company ; consulting engineer of the North German Lloyd Steam- 
ship Company as to piers and properties hi Hoboken, their valuation, cost, 
etc. From 1888 to date, he has been Director, Engineer, and Vice Presi- 
dent of the Raritan River Railroad ; has been employed all of his profes- 
sional life in hydraulic and railroad engineering, as a valuation expert 
and m construction work for numerous clients in New Jersey, New York, 
Ohio, Missouri, Michigan and other states. 

Mr. Harrison has studied sewerage and road problems in Great Bri- 
tain, France, Germany and Switzerland. 

He served in the Fourth Regiment, N. G. N. J., for fifteen years, from 
private to commissioned officer. He is connected with St. John's Episcopal 
Church, on Jersey City Heights, and is a member of the American Society 
of Civil Engineers since 1885, of the American Institute of Consulting En- 
gineers, of the Sanitary Association of New Jersey, the State Chamber of 
Commerce of New Jersey, Hudson County Historical Society, the Railroad 
Club of New York, Carteret Club of Jersey City, and the Yanticaw Country 
Club of Passaic. 

ARCHIBALD CHAPMAN HART— Hackensack, (173 Main St.) 
—Lawyer. Born at Lenoxville, Canada, P. Q. on February 27th, 
1873; son of R. M. and Isabel Caroline (Antrobus) Hart; married 

at East Orange, on 
June 4, 1901, to Lily L. 
Fenwick, daughter of 
Arnold A. G. and Geor- 
gy Louise Fenwick, of 
East Orange. 

Children : Arnold, 14 
years of age ; Bruce, 13 
years of age ; Cecil, 11 
years of age, and Doug- 
las, 9 years of age. 

Archibald C. Hart repre- 
sented the sixth Congres- 
sional District (old and 
new) in the 62nd, 63rd and 
64th Congresses of the 
United States. He declined 
renomination to the 65th 
Congress. He was a Dele- 
gate to the Democratic Na- 
tional Convention in Den- 
ver, m 1908, and is now a 

member of the New Jersey State Committee, representmg Bergen County. 

In the 62nd and 63rd Congresses he was a member of the House Commit- 

236 Harvey 

tee ou the District of Columbia aud Chairman of its Labor Sub-Committee, 
and had much to do with child labor legislation. He was a member of the 
Naval Affairs Committee, the most important Committee of the House in 
the 64th Congress. 

Congressman Hart's family on both father's and mother's side was dis- 
tinguished for years in the Legislation of Canada and England. His father 
is now Seigneur of the Manors Becaucour and Gaspe. He came to Brook- 
lyn in 18S1, residing there until he moved to Hackensack in 1894. He 
studied law in the office of late Governor Bedle and was admitted to 
practice in New Jersey, in 1896. and in the United States Supreme Court 
in 1910. 

Congressman Hart is a Free and Accepted Mason, Past Exalted Ruler 
of Hackensack Lodge, B. P. O. E., Past Noble Grand of Bergen Coimty 
Lodge, I. O. O. F., a member of the Foresters of America. He is President 
of the First National Bank of Lodi, a Director of the Lodi Trust Company 
and of the Merchants & Manufacturers Bank of the Town of Union, and, 
interested in home-making, is an active Director of several Building and 
Loan Associations. He is a Director of the Hudson Navigation Company, 
the "Democrat" Publishing Company, William Campbell Wall Paper Com- 
pany, the Imperial Color Works of Glens Falls. N. Y. ; Plattsburg Wall 
Paper Company and the Underwood Paper Mills of Plattsburg, N. Y. ; 
Higrade Belting & Weaving Company of Newark, and the Imperial Dye- 
wood Company. He is uiterested. besides, in the New York & New Jersey 
Cremation Company and the New York and New Jersey Mausoleum Com- 
pany of North Hudson comity. He is also a large holder of real estate in 
Bergen Coimty, being President of the Maywood Company, the Hart Realty 
Company and the Hart Teaneck Company. 

Mr. Hart is a member of the important Hackensack Clubs and con- 
nected also with the Canadian Club of New York, the Walkill Valley 
Hunt Club, and the Wawonaissa Hmiting and Fishing Club of the Adiron- 
dacks. He is a veteran of the Twenty-third Regiment, N. Y. N. G., and of 
the Second New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, with which he served in the 
Spanish-American War. 

and Publisher. Born at Peacham. Vt.. on February 16th, 1864; 
son of Duncan and Margaret S. ( Varnum ) Harvey ; married on 
October 13th, 1887, to Alma A. Parker. 

George Harvey's name Is one that is widely known in the public and 
newspaper aud literary life of the United States. His newspaper work, 
even in his early days, was of such note that Governor Abbett gave him 
the position of Colonel on his personal staff and induced the Legislature to 
create the office of State Insurance Commissioner, just that he might name 
Col. Harvey to fill it. 

At that time Col. Harvey was in editorial charge of the New Jersey 
edition of the "New York World," and his work there gave the paper 
great prestige in State aft'airs. Later he became Managmg Editor of "The 

Hauck 237 

World," and his high newspaper station brought him, unavoidably into 
contact with the leading men of the City — of the country, indeed. His 
acquaintance with William C. AVhitney, who was equally a force in the 
finances and politics of the nation, were very close, and it was not long be- 
fore the Colonel himself was a rising power in the financial district. 

He was made Receiver of the publishing house of Harper & Brothers, 
when that company failed, and became President of the company upon its 
re-organizaiion. He purchased, and is the editor of the "Northern Amer- 
ican Review," and there made the first prediction of Woodrow Wilson's 
eventual rise to the Presidency of the nation. It was m Col. Harvey's 
ofiice, then on Franklin Square, (N .Y.), that the meeting at which Dr. 
Wilson was prevailed upon to consent to the use of his name in connection 
with the democratic nomination for Governor of New Jersey, was held 
and the campaign that made Governor Wilson President of the United 
States planned. 

Col. Harvey was educated at the Peacham Academy ; and the Universi- 
ty of Nevada, the University of Vermont and Middlebury and Erskine Col- 
leges have since conferred the L. L. D. degree upon him. Entering upon 
newspaper work he was first employed as a reporter on the "Springfield, 
(Mass.) Republican," and afterwards served in the same capacity on the 
"Chicago News" and the "New York World." He was Managing Editor 
of the "New York World" from 1891 to 1893. Since 1899 he has been owner 
and editor of the "Northern American Review," and President of the 
Northern American Review Publishmg Company. His Presidency of Har- 
per & Brothers covered the years between 1900 and 1915. Besides havuig 
had the title of Colonel bestowed upon him by Governor Abbett, he was 
Colonel and Aide-de-Camp on Governor Green's staff and was honorary 
Colonel and Aide on the staffs of Governors Howard and Ansel of South 

Colonel Harvey is a Director of the Audit Company of New York, a 
Trustee of Stevens Institute of Technology at Hoboken, and honorary mem- 
ber of the Phi Beta Kappa of William and Mary College and of the College 
Club of Pruicetou. His other club memberships are with the Metropolitan, 
the Lotos, the Raquet, the Lawyers', the Turf and Field, all of New York; 
the Devonshire and the Savage, of London, and the Travelers, of Paris. 

PETER HAUCK, Jr.— East Orange.— Brewer. Born in Harri- 
son, 1872; son of Peter and Mary (Kv;rz) Hauck; married at 
Newark, November 24th, 1896 to Elizabeth C. Smith, daughter of 
James Smith, Jr., of Newark. 

Children : Mary, Elizabeth, Peter 3rd, Katharine, James, Joseph- 
ine, and Anna Cecile. 

Peter Hauck, Jr. is the head of the brewery established in Harrison 
by his father, Peter Hauck, who died February 21st, 1917. The elder Mr. 
Hauck, who was a native of Klin Munster in Germany, had been active 
in the political and social life of Newark, as well as in the business life 
of the community. He came to New York, in 1844, with his father, who 



first established a brewery in New York City, but moved the business to 
Harrison in 1869. He became a democratic member of tlie Town Council, 
later a member of the Board of Freeholders of Hudson County, and was 
one of the State Commissioners to the World's Fair at Chicago. He was a 

delegate to the Democratic 
National Convention of 1884 and 
a candidate for Presidential 
Elector on the democratic ticket 
in 1904. Gov. Murphy appoint- 
ed him to serve on the Passaic 
Valley Sewerage Commission 
and he was still holding that 
position at the time of his 

Peter Hauck, Jr. was educat- 
ed at the Newark Academy and 
at St. Benedict's College and at 
the Scientific School of Chem- 
istry in New York. Upon leav- 
ing school, he was associated 
with his father in the Harrison 
brewery, and upon the elder Mr. 
Hauck's death succeeded to the 
Presidency of the company that 
conducts it. He w^as elected 
President of the Essex County 
Brewing Company and in 1898 President of the Home Brewing Company, 
both of which are in Newark. His wife is a daughter of Ex-United States 
Senator James Smith, Jr., and one of his sisters is the widow of Ex-State 
Senator Michael T. Barrett. 

Mr. Hauck is a director in the Federal Trust Company, of Newark, and 
the "West Hudson County Trust Company of Harrison, and a member of 
the. Essex Club, Essex County Country Club, Rumson Comitry Club, Bloom- 
ing Grove Hunting & Fishing Club and the Whippany River Club. 

JACOB HAUSSLING— Newark, (440 High Street)— Manufact- 
urer. Born in Newark. February 22, 1855; sou of Henry Hauss- 
Img; married January 11, 1874 to Ellen Elligott. 

Children : Henry J., Elizabeth, Jacob and Josephine. 

Jacob Haussling served for several terms in the Mayoralty of the city 
of Newark. He was educated in St. Mary's parochial school, and at the 
Second Ward Grammar School and took a course subsequently at Strattons 
Busmess College. His father, from Bavaria, apprenticed him in a marble 
cutting yard. When the apprenticeship came to an end. he went into the 
mineral water business which his father had established some years be- 

Mayor Haussling's first political venture was in 1889 when he accepted 

Hemphill 239 

the democratic nommation for Couuty Register, and came within seven- 
teen votes of being elected. In 1896, when the party of tlie nation was 
weakened by the silver coinage agitation, he accepted the democratic nomi- 
nation for Sheriff ; and he suffered the defeat by Henry M. Doremus, his 
republican opponent, wliich he had anticipated. But when four years 
later he agam measured swords with Mr. Doremus for the same office, he 
won over him by a majority exceeding 3,000. Meanwhile he had made an 
unsuccessful campaign for the Assembly. 

In 1906, he accepted the nommation of the democratic city convention 
for Mayor. He was elected and re-elected in 1908, 1910 and 1912. The 
city otficialism during his administration passed entirely mto the hands of 
the democrats and many considerable improvements were made under its 
auspices. The most important of these was the laying out, on the river 
front, of a large area of upland for dockage and warehouse uses. The 
anticipation is that when this territory shall have been put in order for 
busmess, it will become the scene of a new industrial city and add largely 
to the Newark ratables. 

Avenue) — Financier. Born at Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 23, 1856; 
son of William Kerr and Sarah Jane (McCune) Hemphill; mar- 
ried on April 29th, 1880 to Jeanette Cadmus, daughter of Frederick 
and Sarah Thomas Cadmus, of Philadelphia. 

Having graduated in 1875 with the sixty-fifth class of the Central 
High School, Philadelphia, Mr. Hemphill became a clerk for the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad Company and rose to be Secretary of the Norfolk and 
Western Compaiiy. In 1905 he became Vice President of the Guaranty 
Trust Company, its President in 1909, and in 1915 was made Chairman of 
the Board of Directors. Mr. Hemphill is also Vice President of the 
Friendly Aid Society of New York City and Trustee of the Society for the 
Relief of Poor Women. He is associated with the New York City Chamber 
of Commerce, with the Pennsylvania Society, and the Japan Society, and 
is a member of the American Bankers Association, and of several clubs. 

Mr. Hemphill's business connections are, as director, with the Adams 
Express Company, the American Surety Company, tlie Audit Company of 
New York, the California Railway & Power Company, the Electric Bond 
& Share Company, Fidelity & Casuality Company, the Guaranty Safe De- 
posit Company, the Hastings Square Hotel Company, the Hudson & Man- 
hattan Railroad Company, the New York Dock Company, the Richmond 
Light & Railroad Company, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway Company, 
the Securities Corporation, the Southern Cotton Oil Company, the South- 
field Beach Railroad Company, the United Gas & Electric Corporation, 
the United Railways Investment Company, the United States Safe Deposit 
Company, the Utah Securities Corporation, the Valier, Montana Land & 
Water Company, the Virgmia-Carolina Chemical Company, the Wachovia 
Bank & Trust Company and in New Jersey of the Mechanics Trust Com- 

240 Heniiessy 

Mr. Hemphill is President of the Automobile Club of America, and a 
member of the Century Association, the Down Town Association, the 
Economic, the Bankers, the Metropolitan, the Recess, the Rittenhonse 
Clubs and the Union League, all of New York; the Rittenhouse of Phila- 
delphia, the Rocky Mountain Club and of the Rumson Country Club. 

CHARLES O'CONNOR HENNESSY—Hackensack.— Writer and 
Savings Society Manager. Born m Waterford, Ireland, on Sep- 
tember 11, 1860; son of John Collins and Annie (Cunningham) 
Hennessy ; married on December 26, 1S82 to Emma Louise Han- 
cock, daughter of Henry and Louisa (Atwell) Hancock, of Troy 
N. Y. 

Children : Frank Hancock. 

Charles O'Connor Hennessy is an earnest believer in the philosophy 
of Henry George and enjoyed the friendship of that distinguished man as 
well as that of Thomas G. Sherman, AVilliam Lloyd Garrison 2nd, Tom L. 
Johnson, Father McGlynn and other noted Single Taxers. He also repre- 
sented the "New York World" in London in its effort in 1893 to secure 
the release of Dr. Gallagher and other Irish-American political prisoners 

serving life sentences in Port- 
land Prison. His public ex- 
posure of the brutality with 
which these prisoners were 
treated led to a Parlimentary 
inquiry and the subsequent re- 
lease of some of them. But he 
is l>est known in New Jersey 
through his five years of service 
in the legislature — two years in 
the Assembly and three years in 
the Senate — where he made an 
unusual record for independ- 
ence and devotion to progress- 
ive legislation. 

Mr. Hennessy comes of Irish 
Revolutionary stock. His 
father, who came to New York 
in 1870, had to leave Ireland 
on accoimt of political activi- 
ties. An uncle died as a result 
of confinement in an English 
prison for alleged complicity 
m a conspiracy against British rule in Ireland. Mr. Hennessy takes his 
middle name from the mother's side of his family, she being of the 
O'Connors' of Kerry. Like his father and his two brothers, Joseph P. 
and John A., Mr. was trained as a New York newspaper man, 
after education in the Brooklyn public schools. He served as City Editor 
of the "Daily News" for ten years and was for a time New York cor- 

Heppeuheimer 241 
respondent of the "Boston Globe." Between times, and since, lie has done 
much magazine writing. He eventually became mterested in other direc- 
tions, and has been for years President of the Franklin Society for Home 
Building and Savings, the largest co-operative savmgs mstitution in New 
York City. Having come to Bergen County to live about 1898, he is held 
chiefly responsible for the growth of Haworth, the interesting residential 
town on the West Shore Railroad where he makes his home. 

At Trenton, Mr. Hennessy quickly won the confidence of Governor 
Wilson and was the chief exponent hi the House of Assembly of the so- 
called "Wilson policies." He introduced and secured the passage of a 
constitutional convention bill, the bill for the direct election of United 
States Senators, a bill to ratify the Federal mcome tax and a bill to throw 
open the public schools of the state to all sorts of meetings and social 
gatherings. In the Senate he was noted for his devotion to home rule for 
mmiicipalities, and especially home rule in taxation, and fought for reform 
m the highway laws and for a more equitable system of taxation assess- 
ments. He twice introduced and passed in the Senate a Torrens Land 
Title Registration Act and was the author of the act abolishmg primaries 
and instituting the preferential system of voting in commission-governed 
municipalities. The establishment of the so-called requisition system, 
which put an end to waste and extravagance in the expenditure of state 
appropriations, was brought about through an act introduced by him while 
he was chairman of the Committee on Joint Appropriations. He was an 
advocate of equal political rights for all citizens, which he considered a 
fundamental democratic reform. In 101(3. Mr. Hennessy's friends made 
him a candidate for the Democratic nommation for Governor, but a 
period of illness extending over several months necessitated his withdrawal 
from the contest. 

Mr. Hennessy is a life member of the Haworth Comitry Club which he 
founded. He wa.s for years an ofl^icer of the New York Press Club. He 
is a member of the Hardware Club and the Manhattan Suigle Tax Club, 
of New York. 

ERNEST J. HEPPENHEBIER— Tenafly, (Tenafly Road)— In- 
surance. Born in Jersey City on Feb. 24th, 1869. 

Ernest J. Heppeuheimer is President, as the successor of the late 
Edward F. C. Young, of the Colonial Life Insurance Company of America, 
the head office of which is in Jersey City and a Judge of the State Court 
of "Errors and Appeals. But he has been active in other business directions 
and was, for years before he went on the Bench of the Court of Errors 
and Appeals, a figure m the public affairs of Hudson Comity. He was 
oue of the Democratic Presidential Electors m 1912; and it was upon 
Governor Wilson's appointment m 1913 that he secured his judicial office. 
He was President of the Jersey City Board of Alderman and ex-officio a 
member of the City Finance Board from 1910 to June, 1913, when the Com 
mission Rule form of government came into existence. In 1912 and 1913 
he was President of the New Jersey Harbor Commission. 



Judge Heppenlieimer attended public school No. S in Jersey City until 
he was ten years of age and then spent three years at school in Germany. 
When he returned to America he was for three years in the Peekskill Aca- 
demy and finished at Phillips Academy in .\ndover, Mass. Upon leavmg 
the Academy he became interested in the firm of F. Heppenlieimer Sons, 
lithographers, in New York, which his father had founded, and continued 
the partnership mitil the business was taken over by the American Litho- 
graphic Company. Retiring, he went to Texas and conducted an extensive 
cattle ranch there until he returned to Jersey City in 1S97. He assisted 
to found the Colonial Life Insurance Company of America, was made its 
Secretary, promoted to Second Mce President in 1002 and succeeded 
to the Presidency in 1906. 

Banker and Lawyer. Born in New York City on March 27, 1S60 ; 
son of Frederick and Christine (Hofer) Heppenlieimer; married 
in New York City, on April 30, 1890 to Bhuiche Miller, daughter 
of Charles AY. and Johanna Miller, of San Francisco. 

Children : Gladys, born May 8, 1891 : William C, Jr., born 
December 9, 1896. 

William C. Heppenheimer is President of the Trust Company of 
New Jersey with offices at Hoboken. For many years he has l)eeii a 
figure among the public men of the State. He came into political view 

when (Jovernor Leon Abliett was 
a candidate for United States 
Senator in 1887. Mr. Heppen- 
heimer was then a member of 
the first House of Assembly in 
which he served. It was part 
of the democratic joint meet- 
ing charged with the election 
of a Senator to succeed William 
J. Sewell, republican. Governor 
Abbett was given the caucus 
nomination of the democratic 
majority ; but some of the demo- 
cratic Assemblymen declined to 
be bound by the party edict. 
The rupture culminated in one 
of the most tur);»ulent legislative 
sessions in the history of New 
Jersey. Tlie bolting democrats 
formed a coalition with the re- 
publican minority ; and. with 
votes enough to accomplish it, 
captured the organization of the 
House, defeated the caucus lumiinee and sent Rufus P.iodgett, then Super- 

Herbert 243 

inteudeut of the New York and -Long Branch Railroad, to the United 
States Senate, in Governor Abbett's stead. Mr. Heppenheimer was a 
friend, both politically and socially of Governor Abbett, and made stren- 
uous attempts to defeat the combmation formed for Abbett's defeat. Gover- 
nor Abbett had made him a member of his official military staff; later 
he became Inspector General of New Jersey by appointment of Gov. Green. 
General Heppenheimer was re-elected to the House of '88, '89 and '90, 
and was chosen Speaker at the session of 1890. Governor Abbett came to 
the governorship a second time in that year; and m '91, through his in- 
fluence with the democratic joint caucus in behalf of General Heppen- 
heimer's election as Comptroller of the State. General Heppenheimer won 
the caucus nomination and served in that office for three vears closing in 

General Heppenheimer came from New York to Jersey City when 
he was about four years of age and attended the Hoboken Academy until 
1872. Crossing the seas, he studied at Weinheim, near Heidelberg, ui 
Germany, vintil '76. Upon his return to this country he took a course from 
'88 to "90 at Columbia College law school and from '90 to '92 at the Har- 
vard Law School. He was admitted to the New York bar in 1881 and 
became a practising attorney m New Jersey in 1885. He maintained a 
law office in Hoboken mitil 1905. 

Of late years, however, his attention has been devoted exclusively to 
banking affairs. He was the founder of the Trust Company of New Jersey 
in Hoboken and has been its President from the commencement. This 
Company has four branches, all located in Hudson county. 

He is a member of the Banker's Club of America and a former Presi- 
dent of the New Jersey State Bankers Association and has made frequent 
addresses on financial topics that have attracted wide attention. He was 
President of the .New Jersey State Chamber of Commerce in 1914 and 
1915 and is a member of the following clubs : New York Athletic, Carteret, 
and Union League of Jersey City, Areola Country. Deal Golf, Blooming- 
grove Himting and Fishing and the Bankers of New York. 

JOHN WARNE HERBERT— Helmetta.— Manufacturer. Born 
at Wickatmik, Marlboro Township, August 3, 1853; son of Jolm 
W. and Agnes Day Runyon (Wright) Herbert of Piscataway 
Township ; married at Jersey City, November 10, 1885, to Olivia 
Antoinette Helme, daughter of George W. and Margaret (Appleby) 

Children: John Oliver, born December 26, 1886, (died October 
12, 1898) ; Gertrude A., born November 22, 1892, (Mrs. Edward 
D. Dunn) ; John Warne, Jr., born January 23, 1899. 

John W. Herbert is Chairman of the State Highway Commission ap- 
pointed by Governor Edge for road construction in New Jersey, under an 



act providing for au outlay of $30,000,000. Prior to this appointment he 
had been well known in the professional and business life of the state and 
a factor in its politics. 

Mr. Herbert is a descendent of Phillip Herbert, the Fourth Earl of 
Pembroke, and Sir Thomas Warne. one of the Proprietors of East Jersey. 
Francis Herbert, the first representative of that name in New Jersey and 
a grandson of Phillip Herbert, came from Long Island in 1677 with thirty 
associates, and settled in Middletown, Monmouth Co. He married Hannah, 
daughter of the celebrated Quaker, John Bowne, who located on Li)ng 
Island in 1659. Obadiah, one of their sons, in 1729, married Hannah, 
daughter of William Lawrence, Jr., grandson of Sir Henry Lawrence, 
President of Cromwell's Council. Obadiah lind, one of their nine children, 
in 1765 married Elizabeth Warne. grand-daughter of Sir Thomas Warne, 
and settled in Middlesex caunty. One of their three sous, William, was 

father of John Warne Her- 
bert. Sr., born in 1771, wh > 
in isol married Eleano)'. 
ilaughter of Benjamin Con- 
over, of Monmouth comity. 
They had seven children, 
Obadiah. Conover. Williar.i 
W., John AV.. Abbey E., Han- 
nah and Eleanor. Their son, 
John W. Herbert, father of 
John Warne Herbert, was 
one of the leading citizens 
of his native state. Edu- 
cated a civil engineer, he 
was successively township 
Assessor, county Freehol- 
der, County Superintendent 
of Public Schools and Asso- 
ciate Judge of the County 
Court of Common Pleas 
and Quarter Sessions. He 
was Chairman of the Re- 
publican County Committee 
of Monmouth for ten years and for sixteen years its treasurer ; a delegate 
to the Republican National Conventions of 1872 and 1884; tendered the 
nomination for Congress in 1872, and in 1875 received the nomination for 
State Senator. He died April 10, 1899. 

Jolm Warne, his son, attended school at Old Brick Church School 
House, near Marlboro, where Vice President Garret A. Hobart was his 
preceptor for two terms. Later it was Mr. Herbert's privilege and pleas- 
ure, as delegate to the Republican National Convention at St. Louis, in 
June, 1896, to take an active and potential part in the nomination of his 
teacher and warm personal friend for the Vice-Presidency of the United 

Mr. Herbert attended school for four years at Glenwood Institute, 
Matawan. He entered the scientific department of Rutgers College in 

Herbert 245 

1869, and at New Brunswick in November of that year, he participated 
ill the first iBtercolIegiate game of football ever played in this comitry 
— between Rutgers and Prmceton. He was graduated a B. S. and Civil 
Engineer, in 1872, and received the degree of M. S. in 1875. In 1902 he 
was elected an alumni Trustee of the College, and in 1907 a life Trustee. 

His profession of civil engineer not congenial, he began the study of 
law in the office of Capt. Albert S. Cloke, at Jersey City. In 1S74 he entered 
the Columbia Law School and for two years was under the tuition of Theo- 
dore W. Dwight. In 1876 he received his degree as an L. L. B., was ad- 
mitted as an attorney and coimselor at law of New York in May, 1876 ; in 
the following June as an attorney, and three years later as a counselor, 
of New Jersey. 

Beginning the practice of law at Jersey City in 1876, he soon had a 
lucrative practice. He was appointed a Master in Chancery m 1879, 
Special Master in Chancery in 1886. Though an ardent republican, Mr. 
Herbert has persistently refused to be a candidate for any public office, 
with the exception of Mayor of Helmetta, to which office he was elected 
in 1890 and in which he served continuously to 1902. 

Mr. Herbert abandoned the active practice of law in the Fall of 1889 
to engage in the manufacturing business at Helmetta, where he re- 
mained until 1900. Major Gen. George W. Helme, his father-in-law, had 
established there one of the largest tobacco manufacturing plants in the 
country, and had founded the town that grew up aromid it. Mr. Herbert 
had meanwhile become largely interested in trolley properties, and having 
acquired controlling interest in the old Niagara Central R. R., a steam 
railroad, running from Niagara Falls to St. Catharine, Ont., converted it 
into an electric railroad. He bought the Niagara Falls, Wesley Park & 
Clifton Tramway Company, the Port Dalhousie, St. Catharines & Thorold 
Electric Railway .Co. and the Niagara, St. Catharines & Toronto Navigation 
Co., and, consolidating all into the Niagara St. Catharines and Toronto 
Railway Co., was elected its President. In 1902 he was elected the first 
vice-president and chairman of the executive committee of the Hudson 
A'alley Railway Company. This electric railroad, covering 125 miles of 
main line, is one of the longest trolley systems in the United States. 

He is also President of the Peoples Realty Company, Vice President and 
Director of the Tanana Valley R. R. Co., Vice President and Chairman of 
the Board of Directors of the Federal Dyestuff & Chemical Corporation, 
and a Director in the Freehold & Jamesburg Agricultural R. R. Co., the 
American Snuft Co., the Columbia Gas & Electric Co., the American La- 
France Fire Engme Co., Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co., the Colonial 
Life Insurance Co., the Texas & Pacific Coal Co., and many other corpora- 

In 1916 he was appointed by Governor Fielder a member of the Com- 
mission on "Good Roads" Legislation and was made Chairman of the Com- 
mission. In 1917 Gov. Edge made him a member of the State Highway 

Mr. Herbert is a warden of St. George's Protestant Episcopal Church, 
of Helmetta, and of St. Stephen's Protestant Episcopal Church, New York, 
He is a member of the Lawyer's Club and the Union League of New York, 



(now Cliairman of the Executive Committee), the Sleepy Hollow Coimtry, 
the Oakland and Sewareu Golf and Freehold Golf and Country Club. 

His New York home is at Fifth Avenue and Forty-fourth Street, and 
his office at 31 Nassau Street, New York. 

RICHARD W. HERBERT — Wickatunk. — Farmer. Born at 
Wickatmik, in 1859; son of John W. and Agnes D. (Wright) 

Richard W. Herbert was Governor Murphy's appouitee as one of the 
Commissioners to the St. Louis Exposition of 1904. In 1907 Gov. Stokes 
selected him to serve on the Commission to the Jamestown Exposition. In 
1908 Gov. Fort named him to attend the International Tax Conference held 
in Milwaukee, and he has since attended the succeeding Conferences each 
year, by appointments of Governors Wilson and Fielder. He acted as Presi- 
dent and Manager and Treasurer of the Freehold cV: Keyport Plank Road 

Company, and of the Manala- 
panville and Pattens Corner 
Turnpike and was the first per- 
son to advocate the sale of turn- 
pikes to the County Board of 
Freeholders in Monmouth. 

Mr. Herbert's father was ac- 
tive in Monmouth county poli- 
tics, and Mr. Herbert has lived 
in Wickatunk all of his life. He 
was educated at the Gleuwood 
Institute, Matawan ; and after- 
wards took the classical course 
at Rutgers College, in the class 
of 1878. Since leavmg College 
he has been engaged in scien- 
tific farming on a large scale, 
finding time however to devote 
to public affairs. In 1908 he ac- 
cepted Gov. Fort's appointment 
as a member of the County 
Board of Taxation. Governors 
Wilson and Fielder respectively 
reappointed him in 1911 and in 1914. He also held the office of Monmouth 
County Collector for a year. Besides the other state distinctions con- 
ferred upon him, he was made by Gov. Fort a member of the commission to 
ascertam the cost of land needed to build the mland waterways, and was 
chosen its Chairman. 

Mr. Herbert is also a Director of the Farmers and Merchants National 
Bank of Matawan and Director of several corporations. He is a member of 

Hering 247 

tlie Freehold Golf and Country Club and a life member of tlie Union League 
of Jersey City. 

RUDOLPH HERINO— Montclair, (40 Lloyd Road.)— Hydraulic 
Engineer. Born in Pliiladepliia, Pa., on February 26, 1847 ; .son of 
Constantin and Therese (Buchheim) Hering; married in Phila- 
delphia, on January 2, 1873, to Fannie Field Gregory, daughter of 
I. N. Gregory, of Philadelphia; — 2nd. in Zittau, Germany, on 
March 27, 1894, to Hermine Buchheim, daughter of Prof. Rudolph 
Buchheim, of Giessen, Germany. 

Children : Oswald Constantin, born January 12, 1874 ; Ardo, 
born March 7, 1880 ; Dorothea P., born August 25, 1895 ; Paul E., 
born July 26, 1898 ; Margaret, born May 22, 1902. 

Rudolph Hering is engaged in private practice as Consulting Engi- 
neer. Incidental to his practice, he has acted as Chief Engmeer of the 
Water Supply and Drainage Commission of Chicago; as Consulting Engi- 
neer for the improved sewerage works, proposing and recommending the 

new^ water supply surveys for 
Philadelphia, and, as Consultmg; 
Engineer for New York City^ 
proposing and recommending: 
the Catskill water supply im- 
provements, sewerage system^ 
street cleaning and refuse dis- 

He has acted also, either as 
designing or advismg or con- 
sulting engineer, for water sup- 
ply, sewerage and refuse dis- 
posal works in, besides cities 
of less account, Boston, Balti- 
more, Washington, New Orleans, 
San Francisco, Toronto, Mon- 
treal, Mexico City, Buffalo, 
Cleveland, Columbus, O., Indi- 
anapolis, Milwaukee, Charles- 
ton, Savannah, Atlanta, Mont- 
gomery, Trenton, Albany, Min- 
neapolis, Duluth, Los Angeles, 
Sacramento, Honolulu, Tacoma, 
Victoria, Winnipeg, Ottawa, St. Jolms, (N. F.), and Santos, Brazil. He 
has also written much in the way of reports, pamphlets, etc., upon the 
problems to which he has given his attention. With Mr. Trautwine, he 
translated Kutter's work on "The Flow of Water in Open Channels" and) 
was largely mstrumental in mtroducing the use of the "Kutter formula" im 
the United States. He made frequent trips to Europe to study new^ de- 
signs and practice in his profession, and brought to the attention of UnitedJ 

248 Herolcl 

States engineers, the Imhoft' tank for sewerage treatment, improved refuse 
incinerators and otiier novelties. 

Mr. Bering's family went from Poland to Germany in the 16th cen- 
tury, bearing the name Hrinka. His father, born in Germany in 1800, was 
sent to South America by the Saxon Government in 1826 for zoological and 
botanical research. He settled in the United States in 1830 and founded at 
Allentown, Pa., the first college of homeopathic medicine in America. 

Mr. Hering was educated at the private schools in Philadelphia to 
1860, and thence until 1867 studied in preparatory schools and college at 
Dresden, Germany. Upon his return to this covuitry he took a course in a 
business college. The University of Pennsylvania in 1907 conferred the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Science. Immediately after leaving the busi- 
ness college, he became rodman in Prospect Park, Brooklyn, and a year 
later was made Assistant Engineer at Fairmount Park, Philadelphia. In 
1872 he was engaged in topographical work in Yellowstone Park for the 
United States Geological Survey. Returning to Philadelphia in 1873 he was 
engmeer in charge of building the Girard Avenue bridge crossing the 
Schuylkill river, and later imtil 1880, was Assistant City Engineer of the 
Pennsylvania metropolis. In 1881 he was engaged by the National Board 
of Health to prepare a report on European sewerage systems. He was a 
member of the firm of Hering & Fuller from 1901 to 1911, and of the firm 
Hering »& Gregory until April, 1917. 

Mr. Hering is a member of the American Institute of Consulting Engi- 
neers, American Society Civil Engineers (Vice President), Institution of 
Civil Engineers of England, Verein Deutscher Ingeuieure, Canadian So- 
ciety Civil Engineers, New England Water Works Association (Honorary 
Member), Western Society of Engineers, Engineers Clubs of Philadelphia 
(President) and of Trenton, New Jersey Sanitary Association (Presi- 
dent), the American Public Health Association (President), Fellow of the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American 
Inst, of Arts & Sciences and member of the Century Club of New York 

Broad Street.) — Physician and Surgeon. Born in New York City, 
on March 4, 1854; son of Herman Louis and Maria Katrina 
(Oltman) Herold ; married in Newark, November 6, 1882, to 
Louise C. Kurfess, daughter of Thomas and Bosina (Starck) 

Children : Florence, born December 12, 1884 ; Herman C. H., Jr., 
born January 26, 1886 ; Walter F., born October 29, 1890. 

Dr. Herold's parents were born in Germany but the family had moved 
to the United States and were living in New York when Dr. Herold was 
born. In 1856 they moved to Necwark ; and here Dr. Herold attended the 
German English school, founded by his father, the Newark grammar school 
and the High School. He studied medicine at the Bellevue Hospital Medi- 
cal College of New York, graduatmg in the Class of 1878; and was soon 
in the enjoyment of a lucrative practice in Newark. 



In ISSO lie was appointed a member of the City Boai'il of Health — a 
position which he held until 1914, when ill-health caused his retirement. 
During the thirty-four years in which Dr. Herold was a member of this 
Board, it grew from a position of unimportance in the City mto that of one 
of the most wide-spread and efficient beneficences of the local government. 
As President of the Board from 1894 until 1914, Dr. Herold was actively 
instrumental in securing the erection of the present City Hospital and the 
new Nurses' Home and also in making possible the free distribution of 

diphtheria antitoxin ; while his 
efforts, effectively supported by 
Mayor Haynes, brought about 
the purchase of the Pequannock 
Water Shed for a new water 
supply for Newark. 

Dr. Herold is a republican and 
in 1898 he was appointed by 
President McKmley as Collec- 
tor of the United States Internal 
Revenue in the Fifth District 
of New Jersey, in which capaci- 
ty he served by subsequent re- 
appointments until 1914. The 
large industrial activities of the. 
Fifth District make it one of 
the most important districts in 
the United States. In 1888 he 
was a delegate to the National 
Republican Convention that 
named Benjamin Harrison for 
President ; and he was District 
Delegate for Nevvark at the National Conventions of 1892 and 1904. 

For fourteen years Dr. Herold was a member of the Fifth Regiment of 
the New Jersey National Guard, rising by promotions to the rank of Ma- 
jor ; and he was Treasurer of the Order of Military Surgeons of New Jersey. 
He is a Director of the Manufacturers' National Bank, the Security Savings 
Bank, and has been President of the Security Building and Loan Associa- 
tion for thirty-four years. He is a member of the Essex County Medical 
Society, the Masonic Fraternity, Knights of Pythias, and was, mitil re- 
cently, a member of the Benevolent Order of Elks. 

ALFRED M. HESTON— Atlantic City.— Municipal Financier and 
Author. Born on April 30, 1854; son of I. Morris and Anna (Pat- 
ton) Heston; married at Camden, on December 30, 1875, to Abbie 
Mitchell, daughter of B. K. and Jessie Mitchell, of Camden. 

Children: Helen (Mrs. George B. Gensemer) ; Jessie; Florence 
(Mrs. Hobart J. Cavanaugk.) 

Alfred M. Heston's literary work has given him a reputation in this 
and adjoining states as an annalist and local historian, while his work in 



the financial department of Atlantic City has won recognition for him as 
an expert in mimicipal finances. He is fond of genealogical studies and has 
assisted in the preparation of a number of family histories. He published 
in 1883 a history of his own family, to which he made extensive additions 
in 1916. The later compilation he deposited in the genealogical department 
of the Atlantic City Public Library. In this he ti'aces his line back to 
1277. Though of Quaker descent, he is an Episcopalian. One of his for- 
bears, a Quaker, persecuted and driven out of Massachusetts about 16S4, 
moved to New Jersey and married Dorothy Hutchinson, of Trenton. He af- 
terwards located in Bucks covmty, Pa. Mr. Heston's great grandfather, af- 
ter witnessmg the suft'ermgs of the patriot army at Valley Forge, cast 
aside his antipathy to war, joined the army of Washington, became a 

"Fighting Quaker," and was fa- 
tally wounded on the field of 

Mr. Heston spent his boyhood 
in Philadelphia, and was edu- 
cated m the grammar and high 
schools of that city. With a 
preference for newspaper work, 
he became interested editorially 
and financially in South Jersey 
newspapers. He was city edi- 
tor of the "West Jersey Press," 
Camden, at the age of twenty, 
Jk A ,^^^^^ afterwards editor of the "Salem 

B ^K ^^^^^B Standard" and for five years the 

W J^^ .^^^^^^E' editor aiid proprietor of the 

til ifli^^lK "Bridgeton Chronicle." In 1884, 

JBf ^^^^^^^^i^^ ill connection with John G. 

^B v. Shreve, he purchased the "At- 

lantic City Review," and re-, 
mamed a resident of that city 
after disposing of his newspaper 
interests about 1890. He has 
since done a variety of writmg. but his local historical books and pamph- 
lets are the most notable of his literary productions. His "Heston's Hand 
Book," published annually from 1887 to 1907, was circulated extensive- 
ly throughout the United States. Other productions of his pen are "Outing 
by the Sea," "Queen of the Coast," "Slavery and Servitude in New Jer- 
sey," "Defense of Fort Mercer," "Three Hundred Years of New Jersey 
History," and "Absegami : Annals of Eyren Haven and Atlantic City." 
This last named work comprises two volumes of over eight hundred pages, 
and is found on the shelves of the principal public libraries in the East. 
His latest work is entitled, "The Usurper : Reflections on the Life of 
Joseph Bonaparte, Gentleman," pronounced l\v the late Richard Watson 
Gilder as a finished and entertaining life-story of the exiled king of Spain. 
This manuscript of five hundred pages is now in the possession of the New 
Jersey Historical Society and a duplicate copy, with sixty odd plates, is 
deposited with the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Hetrick 251 

Mr. Heston's public career begau wheu he served as a clerk in the Na- 
tional House of Representatives during the memorable Fifty-first Con- 
gress, when Thomas B. Reed, of Maine, was Speaker. In December, 1895, 
he was made the first Comptroller of Atlantic City and served until 1912, 
a period of over sixteen years. He was also Commissioner of Sinking 
Fund from 1896 to 1916, and in those twenty years created and maintained 
the excellent financial standing of Atlantic City. 

In November, 1914, he was elected City Treasurer by a vote that repre- 
sented nearly 95 per cent, of all the voters in the city— the largest vote 
that was ever cast for a candidate in the history of Atlantic City. When 
doubt was expressed as to the right of the people to elect a City Treasurer, 
Mr. Heston was appointed by resolution of the Board of Commissioners. 
He served until January, 1916, when he resigned. While serving as the 
city's fiscal oflScer, he mtroduced many economic reforms. When the form 
of city government was changed under the Walsh act, in 1912, Mr. Heston 
became a candidate for election as one of the five ruling commissioners 
and stood seventh in a poll in which fifty-four aspirants participated. 

Mr. Heston is a member of the New Jersey Historical Society, an 
honorary member of the Monmouth County Historical Association, a mem- 
ber of the governing board of the Atlantic City Hospital, of which he is 
Secretary, and various other philanthropic societies. He was identified 
with the Atlantic City Public Library at its beginning and served as a 
trustee for thirteen years. He is a member of the Chamber of Commerce 
and President of the Business Men's Association, a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and warden of one of the Episcopal churches in Atlantic City. 

(1114 Fifth Avenue.)— Mayor. Born at Van Wert, O., on August 

1st, 1873; son of Joel Warren and Almira Frances (Evers) Hetrick; 

married at Asbury Park, on January 4th, 1906, to Ida Louise 
Wyckoff, daughter of Charles Fountain and Anna Elizabeth 
(Brown) Wyckoff, of Asbury Park. 

Clarence E. F. Hetrick rose by progressive promotions to the position 
of Mayor of Asbury Park. He had previously been Tax Collector of Nep- 
tune Township (1904-1906), City Treasurer of Asbury Park (1907-1908), 
and Sheriff of Monmouth county (1908-1911). These positions were mci- 
dental to his activity in the Republican ranks of Monmouth comity. For 
four years he was Chairman of the County Republican Committee ; and in 
1912 was chosen delegate from the Third Congressional District to the Na- 
tional Republican Convention at Chicago. It was in that year that ex- 
President Roosevelt was President Taft's rival for the nomination, and 
Mayor Hetrick was a warm advocate of Col. Roosevelt's candidacy. 

Mayor Hetrick is of American ancestry. The elder Hetrick was a 
member of the 22nd Ohio Volmiteers during the Civil War and served 
under Grant at Fort Henry and Fort Donaldson, in the battles of Shiloh, 
and Corinth and at the siege of Vicksburg and for four years m the West- 



ern theatre of war, after the close of the Rebellion, becoming Colonel of the 
Second Ohio National Guard. His mother was born in Van Wert, O., and 

the first of her English ances- 
try settled in Maryland two cen- 
turies ago. 

Mayor Hetrick attended the 
schools in Van Wert until the 
removal of the family to As- 
bury Park, in January, 1887. 
Having graduated from the As- 
bury Park schools he won a free 
scholarship to Rutger's College 
as a result of a competitive ex- 
amination and entered with the 
Class of '95. 

Mayor Hetrick is a member 
of the Trinity Episcopal Church 
in Aslniry Park. He is connect- 
ed with the Asbury Park Cham- 
ber of Commerce, and he is al- 
so of the Rutgers Alumni Asso- 
ciation and of the Beta Theta Pi 
College Fraternity. He is a Ma- 
son, and member of the Com- 
mandery, the Asbury Park Wheelmen Club, the Symphonion Club, the 
Monmouth Club, the Asbury Park fire department, and the Monmouth 
County Republican Committee. 

PETER COOPER HEWITT— Ringwood Manor.— Scientist, In- 
ventor. Born in New York ; son of Abram Stevens Hewitt ; mar- 
ried to Lucy Work, of New York. 

Peter Cooper Hewitt bears a family name that has been famous in the 
bjusiness, public and philanthropic life of the country for three generations. 
His grandfather was the famous Peter Cooper who founded and endowed 
the Cooper Institute in New York City and who was as widely known for 
his other benevolences. His father was one of the most aggressive Mayors 
New York City ever had and also made a notable record as a member of 
the National Congress. Peter Cooper Hewitt is himself noted for his 
scholarly attainments and is the patentee of a number of inventions. He 
graduated from Columbia University, receiving the degree of honorary 
Doctor of Science in 1903. 

Mr. Hewitt is a director of the Cooper Hewitt Electric Co., New York 
& Greenwood Lake Railway, Cooper, Hewitt & Co., Midvale AVater Co., 
Hexagon Realty Co., Ringwood Co., Hewitt Realty Co., Lehigh & Oxford 
Mming Co.. Trustee Cooper Union for Advancement of Science and Art, 
House of Rest for Consumptives. Member American Institute Electric 
Engineers, Society Electric Engineers, General Society of Mechanics and 



Tradesmen, American Geographical Society, Society of Naval Architects 
and Marine Engineers, Illuminating Engineering Society, Union Society of 
the Civil War, Institute of Radio Engineers, Inventors Guild, National 
Institute Social Sciences. France-American Committee, and Museum of 
French Art. 

Mr. Hewitt's club memberships are with the Players, Lambs, Engin- 
eers, Knickerbocker, University, Union, Tuxedo, Century, Racquet, Man- 
hattan, Automobile of America, Aero of America, Aero of New- York, and 
the National Golf Links of America. 

JOHN GRIEK HIBBEN — Prmceton. — University President. 
Born at Peoria, HI., April 19, 1861 ; son of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Grier) Hibben ; married at Elizabeth, November 8, 1887, to Jenny 
Davidson, daughter of John and Adelia S. Davidson. 

Children: Elizabeth Grier, born August 11, 1888, (married Pro- 
fessor Robert M. Scoon, of the Princeton faculty, November 17, 
1915.) Grandson, John Hibben Scoon, born Oct. 13, 1916. 

John Grier Hibben, who has been for years in Princeton University 
became its head in 1912. The great office had been made vacant by the 
resignation in October, 1910, of President Woodrow Wilson to accept the 

Democratic nomination for Gov- 
ernor of New Jersey. 

Dr. Hibben grew up in a 
church atmosphere, his father 
having been a clergyman. He 
graduated from Princeton with 
the A. B. degree in 1882. and 
the College conferred the A. M. 
degree in 1885 and the Ph. D. 
degree in 1893. He was a stud- 
ent at the Princeton Theological 
Seminary from 'Sii and at the 
University of Berlin. Ordained 
to the ministry in 1887, he as- 
sumed the pastorate of the Pres- 
byterian Church at Chambers- 
bui'g. Pa. 

Four years later Dr. Hibl)en 
became instructor of logic in 
Princeton University and was 
made instructor in logic and 
psychology in 1892. He became 
an Assistant Professor in logic 

in '94 and took the Professor's chair in logic in 1907. He held that chair 

till his election to the Presidency of the University in 1912. 

Dr. Hibben holds the L.L.D. degree from Lafayette College, University 

of Pennsylvania, Yale, Rutgers. Brown, Pittsburgh and Harvard, and the 

L. H. D. degree from Columbia. 



He is the author of '"Inductive Logic" (1896), "The Problems of Phil- 
osphy" (1898), "Hegel's Logic" (1902), "Deductive Logic" (1905), "The 
Philosophy of the Enlightenment" (1909), "A Defence of Prejudice and 
Other Essavs" (1911), and "The Higher Patriotism" (1915) ; and he is the 
editior of "Epochs of Philosophy" (12 vols.), by authors in United States 
and Great Britain (1905). 

Dr. Hibben's club memberships are with the Nassau Club of Prmce- 
ton, Princeton Club of New York, Prmceton Club of Philadelphia, and the 
Century, Authors and University Clubs of New York. 

EDMUND C. HILL— Trenton.— Real Estate. Born near Tren- 
ton, on May 11th, 1855 ; son of Thomas C. and Susan L. Hill ; mar- 
ried on Sept. 10, 1884 to .Jennie C. Richards, daughter of Captain 
Richard J. Richards of Lawrenceville. 

Children: Frederick Seabrook, Dorothy Worthmgton, John Cad- 

Edmund C. Hill's activities have been largely devoted to the develop- 
ment and betterment of Trenton. On the paternal side he comes of a 
family of notable English ancestry, a branch of which has been resident in 

Trenton for more than a cen- 
tury and a half. On the ma- 
ternal side he is descended 
from Dutch and Huguenot sett- 
lers in East Jersey. 

He received his preliminary 
education in the Academy 
Street Public School, after- 
wards attended the State Model 
School and still later the Tren- 
ton Academy, where he was 
graduated at eighteen, expect- 
ing to enter Yale College. Be- 
cause of his father's illness, he 
put off going to college, and 
took charge of his business af- 
fairs, expecting to remain for a 
year only. The business asso- 
ciation, however, lasted until 
the death of the parent in 1891. 
In 1896 he purchased the 
controlling interest in the Tren- 
ton Times, and the circulation 
grew from 1,700 copies per day to 11,500 copies in 1901 when he sold out 
his holdings. In 1905 he disposed of his other holdings and entered actively 
into real estate work. His specialty has been the development of suburban 
property in and aromid Trenton. In all he has subdivided and placed on 
the market 450 acres of land. 

Mr. Hill was elected a member of Common Council in 1887 and served 
until 1890. The extension of the city limits, the creation of a park and 

Hillery 255 

sewer systems and the general re-organization of the city departments 
were matters treated during his term of office. He is best Imown in Tren- 
ton for his efforts in securing the acquisition of Cadwalader Park and 
the development of a general park system for the city. He personally 
selected the site for Cadwalader Park and succeeded in effecting the 
passage by Common Council of the ordinance providing for its purchase. 
He was the first chairman of the Park Commission, and practically 
organized the department. He was president of the Board of Trade, in 
1893-4, and was largely instrumental in obtaining a settlement of a strike 
in the Trenton potteries, involving about five thousand employes. For 
fifteen years successively he was one of the delegates from the Trenton 
Board of Trade to the National Board of Trade. In 1893 he was a delegate 
to the International Water Ways Congress held in Chicago. 

He was a member of the Trenton Art School Board for several years, 
and was one of the committee appointed by Mayor Sickel to establish the 
Free Public Library. He was also Chairman of a committee of fifty citi- 
zens appointed by Mayor Madden as a Tuberculosis Commission, which 
brought about the establishment of the Tuberculosis Hospital. He was for 
five years connected with the Trenton Playground Commission, was Chair- 
man of Mayor Madden's Committee of 25 to make an investigation into the 
city government, one of the Chamber of Commerce Committee that brought 
about the Commission form of Government, Chairman of Mayor Sickel's 
Committee for the deepening of the Delaware River, and represented the 
city of Trenton at the Carnegie Peace Congress in New York. He was for 
twenty-five years a director of the Trenton Trust and Safe Deposit Com- 
pany, and for many years a Director of Mercer Hospital. At one time he 
was President of the New Jersey Children's Home Society. 

Mr. Hill has traveled extensively, and, among those whom he has enter- 
tained at his home m Trenton have been Prince Paul Troubetskoy and 
Princess Troubetskoy of Russia ; Count Ilya Tolstoy and Cotmt Leo Tol- 
stoy, Jr., of Russia ; Marquis de Polignac of France ; ex-President Castro 
and Senora Castro of Venezuela ; ex-President William H. Taft ; Ion H. 
Perdicaris, Consul to Morrocco ; Lorm A. Thurston, Ambassador from 
Hawaii to the United States ; William H. Powell, American Minister to 
Hayti ; Hudson Maxim, American inventor ; Miss Helen Keller, the blind 
genius ; John Hays Hammond, the engineer, and Hery Clews, the banker. 

He is an active Republican, a member of the Young Men's Republican 
Club of Trenton, and was the Treasurer of the State Republican League 
for twenty-five years. He is a member of the First Presbyterian Church, 
in which his great-great-grandfather was an elder, is active in the Masonic 
and other fraternal orders, and a member of the Sons of the Revolution, 
New Jersey Historical Society, Trenton Natural History Society, Manu- 
facturers' Club of Philadelphia, and the Twilight Club of New York City. 

THOMAS J. HILLERY— Boonton, (195 North Main Street) — 
Lawyer. Born at Hibernia. Morris County, on Nov. 18, 1871. 

Thomas J. Hillery whose name was for some years familiar in the 
public places of New Jersey because of his political activities is President 

256 Himmelwriglit 

of the American Trust Company at Morristown. aud at one time, during the 
absence of Governor Fort was acting Governor of New Jersey. 

Senator Hillery attended the public school at Hibernia up to the age 
of twelve years, and the following two years at the Rockaway public 
school, graduating from the latter place. He then entered the merchantile 
establishment of B. K. & G. W. Stickle, where he spent four years. In 
1890 he entered the office of Lewis Van Duyne. civil engineer, and engaged 
in engineering work for the next eight years. During a portion of this 
time he studied law in the oflBce of N. S. Kitchell, later attended the New 
York University Law School, and was admitted to the bar as an attorney 
in 1901, and as coimselor in 1904. 

In the fall of 1902 he was elected to the New Jersey House of Assem- 
bly, ajid returned agam in 190.3. In 1904: he was elected to the Senate of 
Jersey, and became leader of the Republican majority, which position he 
held for two years, when he was made President of the Senate. It was while 
in the Senate Presidency that he officiated, for a short time as Acting 

He was appomted a member of the Public L'tility Commissioners of 
New Jersey in 1909 and served until May 1st, 191.5. 

holm. — Consulting Engmeer. Born in Milford Square. Bucks 
county, Pa., on February 7, 1865 ; son of Charles R. and Susan 
Artman Himmelwright ; married at Albany, X. Y.. January 2.5, 
1895, to Harriet Sage Hamlin, (died April 22. 1897). — 2nd at 
Oakland. Cal.. May 3, 1916, to Adelme Dagmar Nielsen, daughter 
of A. D. and Anna S. (nee Jensen) Nielsen. 

Children: Kenneth Hamlin, born April 21, 1897, (died August 
11, 1911.) 

A. L. A. Himmelwright, in his business as Consulting Engmeer, has 
specialized on fire-proof construction and fire problems (including both 
life and property hazards), and is a recognized authority on these sub- 
jects. He is the author of notable technical works and reports and has 
contributed important articles in his special field to the "North American 
Review," "Architectural Record," "Engineering News." and other tech- 
nical and scientific periodicals. He has been a member of the American 
Society of Civil Engineers smce 1898. 

Mr. Himmel^\:right is of Western Prussian ancestry, though he can 
trace his line back in this country for six generations. His ancestors 
fought through the Revolution and the War of 1812. He was educated 
at the State Normal School in Millersville. Pa., at Shortledge's Academy 
in Media, Pa., and graduated with the degree of Civil Engineer from the 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N. Y., in 1888. The following year 
he accepted a position as Assistant Engineer of the Northern Pacific Rail- 
road and conducted preliminary surveys, etc., in the Coeur d" Alene (Idaho) 
mining district. In the fall of 1889, he was engaged in mine surveying in 
the bituminous coal fields of Cambria countv. Pa. In 1890, he went to. 

Himmelwriglit 257 

Oswego, N. Y., as Designing and (Computing Engineer for tlie Rome, Water- 
town & Ogdensbiirg R. R. In 1S91 he was in charge, as Supervising Engi- 
neer, of extensive improvements near Moorefleld, W. Va., which included 
the development of a valuable lime stone property, the location of a quarry 
and the construction of a gravity railway, rock crushing and lime burning 
plants. In this connection he also designed a half mile circular race track, 
constructed new highways and bridges and a surface draining system for 
a large stock corral. In 1891 the Phoenix Phosphate Comjjany engaged 
him to make an examination of "hard rock" phosphate properties in Levy 
county, Fla., and he supervised the development and purchase of nine 
tracts, aggregating 8300 acres. This embraced besides other things, the 
location and construction of a standard gauge railroad from Raleigh, Fla., 

to Morristown, Fla., that is now 
part of the Atlantic Coast Line 
and Sea Board Air Line Rail- 

From 1895 to 1910 he was 
General Manager of the Roeb- 
ling Construction Company. His 
duties in that capacity embraced 
responsible charge of the main 
office m New York City and the 
twelve branch offices in various^ 
parts of the country, in Mexico^ 
City and Montreal, Canada ; al- 
so of the shop and factory at: 
Weeliawken and the New York- 
City storehouse. 

In his specialty of building 
construction he has acted in the 
capacity of umpire and arbitra- 
tor in settling fourteen building 
construction cases involving 
owners, architects and contrac- 
tors. In 1911, he was associated 
with H. F. J. Porter as expert, on the life hazard, to the New York State 
Factory Investigating Commission. In 1912, he served on the Advisoi^v 
Board of the Building Code Committee of the New York Board of Aldermen. 
Since 1912, he has been engaged in reportmg on factory, institutional and 
other buildings of large occupancy and supervising the improvements and! 
alterations, resulting in increased safety to life and property. His most 
notable recent work in this field has been the improvement of all the build- 
ings of the Department of Public Charities in New York City, numbering- 
over 200. 

Mr. Himmelwright is the patentee of numerous inventions and devices ;; 
and the author of "In the Heart of the Bitter Root Mountains" ; "Tests" ; 
"The Baltimore Fire" ; "The San Francisco Earthquake and Fire" ; "The- 
Pistol and Revolver" ; "A Model Fire-Proof Farm House or Country Home" ; 
and "Pistol and Revolver Shooting." 

Mr. Himmelwright has always been interested in exploration,, the map,- 

258 Hine 

ping of new country and the experiences incidental to such undertakings. 
He is a successful photographer of mountain scenery, havmg many striking 
photographs of Mt. Shasta, Cal., which he climbed on August 26, 1901. At 
his own expense in 1903, he jnade a reconnoissance and map of the un- 
charted central portion of Idaho, west of the Middle Fork of the Salmon 
River, embracing an area of about 600 square miles. The data thus ob- 
tained was presented to the U. S. Coast & Geodetic Survey. Mr. Himmel- 
wright is a life member of the American Geographical Society, member of 
the National Geographical Society, etc. 

Mr. Himmelwright mherited a love for fire-arms, markmanship, etc., 
and from early boyhood indulged in rifle and revolver shooting. Later much 
of his time devoted to recreation was spent in the study and development 
of pistol and revolver shooting in which he became very skilfull, whining 
numerous prizes and medals and the Revolver Championship of the United 
States in 1900. He is a life meml»er of the New York State Rifle Associa- 
tion and the United States Revolver Association. He was one of the char- 
ter members of the latter Association and its President for five years. He 
was the Captain of the victorious American Team of fifteen men in the 
famous International Revolver Match with France in 1903. For twenty 
years, Mr. Himmelwright has been a prominent member of the Manhattan 
Rifle and Revolver Association of New York, participating in the Club's 
matches and serving as Chairman of the Revolver Committee. 

Mr. Himmelwright's activities extend also into the realm of merciful 
and charitable work. Since 1913, he has served as a Trustee and Director of 
the Board of Managers of the Artman Home for Lutherans at Sellersville, 
Bucks comity. Pa. 

EDWIN W. HINE — Newark. — Corporation Manager. Born in 
Warren, Litchfield Co., Conn., March 17th, 1854; son of David and 
Harriet Amelia (Bridges) Hme ; married March 23rd, 1874, to 
Nellie, daughter of David and Margaret (Rockafeller) Sturte- 

Children: Helen Blanche, born February 15th, 1876, died in in- 
fancy ; Walter Robbins, born December 1st, 1877, married Anna- 
bel Bagley ; child, Walter Robbins, Jr., born May 6th, 1908 ; Mar- 
guerite, born September 20th, 1879, died March 17th, 1885; James 
Sayers, born July 14th, 1882. 

General Edwhi W. Hine, acting in the capacity of Assistant to the 
President of the Public Service Corporation of New Jersey and a leading 
factor in the varied interests of Newark, his adopted city, is a representa- 
tive of a family of Scotch-Irish descent, long seated in this country, he being 
a member of the seventh generation. His father was for a number of years 
.Principal of Mahoney Academy, Canfield, Ohio, later holding a position in 
the office of the Second Auditor of the Treasurer in Washington, D. C, 
which post he filled acceptably until his death, January 12th, 1872. Gener- 
al Hine was taken by his parents to the State of Ohio during his infancy, 
and he resided there imtil thirteen years of age, when his parents re- 



moved to Washington, D. C. He obtained his education ui tlie public 
schools of both places, and after completing his studies accepted a position 
in a stationery store in "Washington, his next employment being as entry 
clerk in the firm of George A. Olney »& Company, of New York, stationers, 
with whom he remained mitil their failure. In 1872 he removed to Orange, 
entering the employ of Thomas P. Bayes, dealer in books and stationery, 
and two years later engaged in business on his own account, establishing 
a flour and feed business in the old Academy building on Main Street. 

In 1877 he purchased the stock and good will of W. B. Tichenor <& 
Company, who were in the same line of business, and continued conducting 
the same mitil 1890, when he became interested in and a Director of the 
Harvey Steel Company, and associated with Mr. H. A. Harvey, who was the 
inventor of the Harveyized armor plate. This company developed and pro- 
moted the Harveyized armor 
plate, finding among its first 
customers the United States 
Navy Department, and after- 
wards substantially all of the 
naval powers of the world. In 
May. 1890, in partnership with 
Mr. Harvey, he organized The 
American Washer and Manu- 
facturing Company, of which he 
was elected and remained for 
many years the President, then 
disposing of his former business. 
In 1903 he became associated 
with the Public Service Corpo- 
ration of New Jersey as Assis- 
tant to the President, which 
office he is filling at the present 

General Hine has always 
evinced a keen interest in poli- 
tics and has been active and 
prominent in the service of his 
party, the Republican. In 1878 he was elected for a term of three years to 
represent the First Ward of Orange in the Common Council, and being 
the only Republican m that body at that time was given the. sobriquet of 
the "Lone Star." In the following year he was elected to the Board of 
Chosen Freeholders, continuing his membership until 1887. when he was 
elected to the office of Sheriff of Essex county, from which he retired in 
1890. From 1SS3 to 1886 he was Chairman of the Essex County Republican 
Committee, for three years was Chairman of the Orange Repul)lican Com- 
mittee, and for twelve years its Treasurer. From 1884 to 1887 he was 
Director of the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Essex covmty. 

General Hine began his military career in 1882, as the organizer of 
the Orange Rifles, of which he was elected First Lieutenant. On January 
11th, 1886, he was commissioned as First Lieutenant and Adjutant of the 
Third Battalion of the National Guard of the State of New Jersey by 

260 Holiart 

Governor Leon Abbett, which position he held for five years, until the re- 
organization of the First Brigade, which resulted in the consolidation of 
the First, Second and Third Battalions, formmg the Second Regiment. 
On June 25th, 1892, Lieutenant Hine was commissioned as Captaui and 
Judge-Advocate of the Second Regiment, under Colonel J. Vreeland Moore. 
On April 25th, 1893, Colonel Moore was retired on his own application ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel V. S. Muzzy was promoted to the office, and 
Captain Hine was chosen Lieutenant-Colonel to fill that vacancy. On No- 
vember 8, 1897, Colonel Muzzy retired as Brevet Brigadier-General, and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Hine was elected to take his place, his commission 
bearing date of December 7, 1897, and served as Colonel of the regiment, 
the Second New Jersey Volmiteer Infantry, during the war with Spain, 
assigned to First Brigade. Second Division, Seventh Army Corps, under 
command of Major-General Fitzhugh Lee. On May 2nd, 1899. the Second 
Regiment was disbanded, and Colonel Hine was retired ; but on Septem- 
ber 19th, 1902, he was mianimously elected to the command of the Fifth 
Regiment, which he held until March loth, 1911, being then elected Briga- 
dier-General to command the First Brigade. In June, 1917, he forwarded to 
Gov. Edge a letter resigning his commission as Brigadier-General. 

General Hme commanded the New Jersey troops, consistmg of a provi- 
sional brigade of 4.500 officers and men. made up of the several branches of 
the service — cavalry, artillery, signal corps and infantry — during the Mexi- 
can difficulties in 1916, bemg stationed at Douglas, Ariz., from June to Octo- 
ber of that year. 

GARRETT AUGUSTUS HOBART—Paterson.— Broker. Born 
in Paterson, on August 31st, 1884; son of Garrett Augustus and 
Jennie (Tuttle) Hobart ; married on Jmie 6th, 1906, to Caroline 
Frye Briggs, daughter of Frank H. Briggs, of Auburn, Me. 

Children: Garrett A. III., born August 24, 1907; Katharme 
Grey, born March 30th, 1912 ; Elizabeth Frye, born May 31st, 1913. 

Garrett A Hobarfs father was the twenty-fourth Vice President of 
the United States. Vice President Hobart had been one of the most con- 
spicuous figures in the business of politics of the nation for many years 
before he went to Washington. A graduate of Rutger's College and am- 
bitious to become a lawyer, he taught at a school in Marlboro for a time 
while equipping himself. Socratas Tuttle. a noted Paterson lawyer, had 
been a close friend of Mr. Hobart's father; and it was to his office that 
he afterwards went to read law. He specialized in commercial law, was 
admitted to the- Bar in 1866 and in 1869 made a counselor, became City 
Attorney of Paterson and Coimty Comisel of Passaic County and, so, 
started on his career of public service. In the campaign that made Mr. 
Tuttle Mayor of Paterson, Mr. Hobart was one of his most efficient cam- 
paign aids. 

Mr. Hobart had an interesting legislative career, was Speaker of the 
House when only thirty years of age, and later became President of the 

Hobart 261 

Senate. During his service in the Assembly the excitements attending the 
passage of the General Railroad Law occurred. The Pennsylvania Railroad 
at that time claimed a monopoly of the right to run trains from one end of 
the state to the other and the effort to charter an opposing parallel line 
started one of the most bitter railway warfares the State has ever seen. 
It culminated in the passage of the General Railroad Law permitting the 
free building of roads under specified restrictions ; and Mr. Hobart was 
one of the forces that aided its enactment. The act providing for the 
summary investigation of official accounts under the auspices of the 
Courts upon the application of twenty-five complaining freeholders, and 
those concerning the control of the water sheds were of his uispiration, 
and all the important legislation of the sessions reflected his mfluence. 
He was once put in nomination for United States Senator, declined Con- 
gressional nominations five times and twice resisted the pressure of his 
party to place him in nomination for Governor. But he served as delegate 
to all of the National Republican Conventions between '76 and '96 both in- 
clusive and was Vice Chairman of the National Executive Committee 
from '84 to '87. 

The democrats had been hi entrenched control of the state since Civil 
War times when, as the campaign of 1895 was dawning, Mr. Hobart saw 
an opportunity for Republican success and aided John W. Griggs to get 
the Republican nommation for Governor. Mr. Hobart was Chairman of 
the State Committee through the campaign and surprised the country by 
carrying the State for Griggs by the largest majoi-ity it had ever cast 
for a gubernatorial candidate. The shining Republican triumph m a state 
that had been steadfastly democratic came on the edge of the opening of 
the campaign in 1896 for the Presidency of the United States ; and pointed 
out Mr. Hobart as one of the most efficient campaigners in the East. The 
trend of sentiment throughout the country at the time forecast the nomina- 
tion of Gov. McKinley of Ohio for President and the geography of politics 
called for a man from the East to go on the ticket with him. There was 
none of the prominence into which the election of Gov. Griggs had elevated 
Mr. Hobart ; and the National Convention of 1896 at St. Louis, having 
put Mr. McKinley in nomination for Presidency, named Mr. Hobart for 
Vice President. His popularity in the state was attested by his capture 
of its elector ial vote by close on to 100,000 majority. 

In the Vice Presidency he was regarded as an equal factor in the 
management of national affairs with the President. It was after consul- 
tation with him that President McKinley became convinced in 1898 that 
the time had arrived for the war with Spain ; and most all of the Executive 
functions of the nation, in crisis times, were taken as the result of the joint 
consideration of himself and the President. Mr. Hobart had served only 
two years and a half of his term when he was stricken with his fatal ill- 

Garrett Augustus Hobart, the Vice President's only son, was educated 
at the local schools and assists Mrs. Hobart, his mother, who is a daughter 
of Socratas Tuttle, in conducting the large business and financial interests 
left in their hands by the ^lee President at his death and in the distri- 
bution of the family's generous benevolences. 

Mr. Hobart is a member of the Union League Club of New York 



City. Areola Country Club, Hamilton Club of Patersou, Automobile Club 
of America and the New York City Bankers Club of New York City. 

FREDERICK L. HOFFMAN — East Oran^'o. — Statistician of 
the Prudential Insurance Company of America. Born at Varel. 
Grand Duchy of Oldenburg. Germany. May 2. ISOo. son of Augustus 
Franciscus and Antoinette (von Laar) Hoffman (ni: married 
Ella G. Hay, of Americus. Ga., in Atlanta. Ga.. .Tuly 1.".. ISDI. 

Children: (survivmg. ) Ella Antoinette (Mrs. H. C. Ward I. 
Frances Armstrong. Virginia, (iilbert. Bai-liara and \'ictoria. 

Mr. Hoffman was educated in the common ;ind private schools of (Jer- 
many and came to the United States m 1SS4. After a short mercantile 
career he attached himself, in 1S87, to the industrial field service of the 
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company of New York. He subsequently be- 
came connected with the Life Insurance Company of Virginia, and resigned 
as Superintendent of the Newport News an<l Hampton district in 1S04. at 
the suggestion of Mr. .John B. Lunger, the then actuary of the company, to 

accept a position as statistical 
assistant in the Actuarial De- 
partment of the Pruflential In- 
surance Company of America. 
Six years later he was made 
sratisticiiin of the Company and 
in lit(i2 elected an otticer. ui 
which position he continues to 
the present time. 

Mr. Hoffman is widely known 
throughout the United States 
and aliroad as a statistician and 
expert in insurance, mortality 
and puldic health problems. He 
has lectured l>efore Harvard, 
Yale. Columbia. Cornell, I'niver- 
sity of Wisconsin. University of 
Pennsylvania. University of Cal- 
ifornia, Leland Stanford Uui- 
versit.v, etc., etc. Duruig 1915 
he delivered a course of lectures 
on mortality proldems before the 
students of Yale University and 
he was mcluded in the facidty 
of that institution for the year 1916-17. 

As early as 1892 he contributed an article on the "Vital Statistics of 
the Negro" to the "Arena" of Boston, which in 1893 was followed by an ar- 
ticle on "Suicide in Relation to Modern Civilization." Following the publi- 
cation of an interesting and important statistical investigation into the 

Hoffman 263 
sanitary conditions of tlit Trinity tenements, made at the request of the 
Corporation of Trinity Church in 1895, he published in 1896 a comprehen- 
sive scientific worlv on the "Race Traits and Tendencies of the American 
Negro," which has become a standard source of reference regarding the 
physical, moral and economic condition of the negro population as far as 
ascertamable for the period covered by the investigation. In the same 
year he published a small treatise on "Tornadoes and Wind Storm Insur- 
ance." Durmg the next four years he completed his "History of the Pru- 
dential Insurance Company of America," contributed to the social economy 
exhibit of the Paris International Exposition of 1900. Subsequently he 
contributed a number of papers on insurance and mortality problems, 
chiefly to "The Spectator," a New York msurance periodical, and the 
"Engineering and Mining Journal." In 1908 he completed the results of 
two extensive Investigations into the "Mortality from Pulmonary Tuber- 
culosis in Dusty Tiades," published by the United States Bureau of Labor 
Statistics, and two years later the same government office issued a com- 
prehensive analysis by Mr. Hoffman on "Fatal Accidents in Coal Mining," 
as a first contribution towards the scientific study of American mining 

Duruig 1911 he completed a treatise on "Insurance Science and Eco- 
nomics" based upon an address delivered in 1904 on "Insurance as a 
Science." on the occasion of the International Congress of Arts and Scien- 
ces held m connection with the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. The work 
includes a separate consideration of msurance as an element of early 
commerce, the origin and growth of law and legislation on insurance, life 
insurance supervision and government control in Germany, the taxation 
of life insurance mstitutions, etc., etc. Durhig the same year he contri- 
buted a chapter on the "Practice of Industrial Insurance" to "Dunham's 
Business of Insurance," a standard work of reference; and an analysis 
of "Fifty Years of American Life Insurance Experience" to the "Quarterly 
Publications of the American Statistical Association." In the year follow- 
mg, through the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, he published 
a treatise on the "Treatment and Care of Tuberculous Wage-Earners in 
Germany," and in 1913, through the Johns Hopkins Hospital, a critical 
analysis of the medical statistics of that institution for the preceding twenty 
years. On the invitation of the New Jersey Academy of Medicine Mr. 
Hoft'man in 1913 read an address on the "Menace of Cancer," which was 
subsequently enlarged and published by the Prudential Insurance Com- 
pany of America in 1916, under the title "The Mortality from Cancer 
Throughout the World." 

Among the many minor contributions mention requires to be made of an 
address on "Industrial Accidents and Trade Diseases," contributed to the 
proceedings of the 15th International Congress on "Hygiene and Demo- 
graphy," (1912) ; an address on the "Decline in the Tuberculosis Death 
Rate, 1871-1912," contributed to the 9th annual meeting of the Association 
for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis ; an address on the "Chances 
of Death and the Ministry of Health," delivered before the Yale Divinity 
School, New Haven, 1914 ; an address on the "Significance of a Declining 
Death Rate," delivered l)efore the National Conference on Race Better- 
ment, Battle Creek, 1914; an address on "Practical Statistics of Public 

264 Hoffman 

Health Nursing and Community Sickness Experience." clelivered before 
the National Association for Public Health Nursing, St. Louis. 1914; an 
address on the "Economic Progress of the United States duruig the last 
Seventy-Five Years," delivered on the occasic»n of the 75th anniversary 
meeting of the American Statistical Association. Boston, 1914. During 
1915-16 he contributed monographs on the "Mortality of the Western 
Hemisphere," "American Public Health Problems" and the "Documentary 
History of Insurance" to the exhibit of The Prudential Insurance Com- 
pany on the occasion of the Panama Pacific International Exposition : also a 
monograph on "Industrial Accident Statistics." published by the United 
States Bureau of Labor Statistics, AVashingttm, 1915 : a paper on "Lep- 
rosy," read on the occasion of the 4(tth aiuiual meeting of tlie American 
Academy of Medicine, and subsequently amplified intt) a presentation of 
evidence submitted to the United States Senate Committee on the "Care 
and Treatment of Persons Afflicted with Leprosy," Washington. 1916: a 
preliminary report on the "Statistics of Crime and Criminals." as Chair- 
man of the Committee on Statistics to the American Prison Association, 
San Francisco, 1915; an address on the "Mortality from Cancer in the 
Western Hemisphere," delivered on the occasion of the Second Pan Ameri- 
can Scientific Congress, Washington. 1916 ; a monograph on "Miners' Ny- 
stagmus," published by the United States Bureau of Mines. Washington, 
1916 ; and, finally, a "Plea for a National Committee on the Eriidication of 
Malaria," delivered before the County Medical Association, Birmuigham, 
Ala., and the American Society of Tropical Medicine, 1916. 

In 1904 he contributed an article on "Insurance Economics" to the 
Encyclopedia Americana and in 190S an article on "Accidents in Indus- 
try" to the new Encyclopedia of Social Reform, and in 1914 an article on 
"Demography" to the Reference Handbook of the Medical Sciences, and 
subsequently to the same work an article on "Suicide." Among more recent 
contributions are an extended discussion on "Facts and Fallacies of Com- 
pulsory Health Insurance," originally read before the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science and the National Civic Federation ; and 
"A Plea and a Plan for the Eradication of Malaria Throughout the Western 
Hemisphere," originally read before the Southern Medical Association. 

Mr. Hoffman is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and 
an ex-President thereof; a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society of Lon- 
don and a charter member and Fellow of the Casualty and Statistical So- 
ciety of America ; a member of the (ierman Society tor Insurance Science ; 
an Associate Fellow of the American Medical Association ; an Associate 
Member of the American Academy of Medicine and an Honorary Member 
of the Essex County Anatomical and Pathological Society. He is also 
a member of the American Economic Association, the American Academy 
of Political and Social Science in the City of New York, the National In- 
stitute of Social Sciences, the American Sociological Society, the Southern 
Sociological Congress, the National Conference on Charities and Correc- 
tions and the American Association for the advancement of Science. He is 
a charter member and Vice President of the National Association for the 
. Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis, a member of the Royal Sanitary In- 
stitute and of the American Pviblic Health Association ; a charter member 
and trustee of the American Society for the Control of Cancer, and charter 

Holden 265 

member and director of the National Safety Council and a member and 
trustee of the American Museum of Safety. 

Mr. Hoffman was a member and speaker at the British Congress on 
Tuberculosis, London, 1901. He was also a member and speaker at the 
International Actuarial Congress held in New York, 1903 ; in BerliB, 1906 ; 
in Vienna. 1909; and in Amsterdam, 1912. Durmg the same year he was 
a member and speaker at the first International Congress on Eugenics, held 
in London, and the International Congress on Industrial Accidents held m 
Dusseldorf. In 1909 he officially represented the United States government 
on the occasion of the International Actuarial Congress held in Vienna that 
year and at the International Statistical Institute held in Paris in the 
same year. In 1908 he was appointed by the Secretary of State a member 
of the Committee on Organization of the International Congress on Tuber- 
culosis held in Washington. He was also appointed to the same position on 
the Committee on Organization of the International Congress on Hygiene 
and Demography held m Washington in 1912. In 1915 he was a mem- 
ber and speaker at the World's Insurance Congress held in San Frajicisco, 
and in 1915-1916 he was a member and speaker at the Second Pan Ameri- 
can Scientific Congress held in Washington. 

In 1911 Tulane University of Louisiana conferred upon him the honor- 
ary degree of L.L. D. Following the declaration of war, Mr. Hoffman was 
appomted Chairman of the National Committee on Statistics and Informa- 
tion, of the Advisory Commission on Labor and Welfare, of the Council of 
National Defence and a member of the Committee on Anthropology of the 
National Research Council. 

HORACE HOLDEN— Madison.— Educator ; Author. Born in 
Madison, on May 24, 1S80 ; son of Horace and Abigail (Rankin) 

Horace Holden is an Educator and writer of short stories and on 
educational topics for the magazines. He is still a resident of the New 
Jersey borough in which he was born, although business obligations and 
travel have permitted little time at home during recent years. He lived 
as a boy in East Orange, attending first the "Dearborn-Morgan School," 
and later the East Orange High School. Upon movmg to New York in 
1S97, he entered Hamilton Institute, graduating with highest honors in 
1899 and then entering the Engineering School at Columbia University. 
He had scarcely entered Columbia when an opportunity for practical work 
presented itself, m draughting and constructing, for the Tripler Liquid Air 
Company. While connected with this concern, Mr. Holden designed their 
large exhibit at the Paris Exposition of 1900. 

Mr, Holden spent the winter of 1908-1909 at Harvard University, feat- 
uring graduate work in the Division of Education and in English. This 
was followed by a period at New College, Oxford, after which he became 
connected with one of our New Jersey schools. Mr. Holden recently re- 
signed as Associate Headmaster of the Westminister School, at Simsbury, 
Conn., and plans a school of his own for yovmg boys. 



In 1902 Mr. Holdeii was elected to membership in the New York Con- 
solidated Stock Exchange, continuing this membership mitil the close of 
1916, though since 1906 his interests have centered in educational and liter- 
ary work. As an author his 
short stories are based upon ex- 
periences m Wall Street and in 
the Canadian woods, and have 
appeared in various periodicals. 
He is also a contributor of ar- 
ticles on educational topics, and 
the author of a book entitled 
"Young Boys and Boai'ding 

Mr. Holden is a meml)er of 
the American Universities Club 
of London, the Harvard Clul> of 
New York City, the Morristown 
Club and the Western Nova 
Scotia Y'acht Club: a Fellow 
of the American Geographical 
Society, and connected in New 
Jersey with the Historical So- 
ciety, Order of Founders and 
Patriots. Colonial Governors. 
Colonial Wars. American Wars, 
Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, Washuigton Guard and the War of 1812. Of the last named society 
he is State President, and he was also President of the Morris County 
Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution during 1916. 

Mr. Holden, when not abroad, spends his summer at his comitry place, 
"Aldercliff" Weymouth, Nova Scotia, where ten boys are received to enjoy 
the life of the woods and sea together with himself and his assistants. 

LOUIS HOOD— Newark, (So Lincoln Park, S.)— Lawyer. Born 
m Radwonke, Prussia. Feb. 13, 1857. 

Louis Hood is General Coimsel of the Fidelity Trust Company of 
Newark. After a little boyhood schooling in Breslau he was brought 
here by his parents, who settled in New York. At the age of 12 the 
family came to Newark ; and he was educated in the public schools there, 
wiiniiug the prize for the best oration at the High School commencement. 
He entered Yale College, Academic Department, graduating in 1878 and 
studied Law at the Columbia College Law School which at graduation in 
1880 conferred the degree of L. L. B. upon him. This was followed by a 
post-graduate course at Yale, which in 1881 gave him the M. L. degree 
and in 1882 the D. C. L. degree. 

Mr. Hood had meanwhile been admitted to the New York bar, in 1880 ; 
and, coming to New Jersey to practice, was admitted to the bar of this- 

Hopkins 267 

state in the following year, beeomlug a counselor in 1885. He was a 
Special Justice iii 1884, and later in the year was made Assistant Prose- 
cutor of Essex County. He was afterward appointed Prosecutor of the 
Pleas, but resigned that position to accept the position of General Counsel 
of the Fidelity Trust Company. 

Mr. Hood is a member of the Jefferson Club, of the Gottfried Krueger 
Association and of the I. O. B. B., a Mason and an attendant at the 
Temple Bnai .Teshurim. 

— Woman Suftrage. Born in Morristown. May 20, 1880 ; daughter 
of Frank and Marion Louise (Bates) Turnbull ; married at Mor- 
ristown, October S. 1901. to John Appleton Haven Hopkins (Q.V.) 
son of John Milton and Augusta Haven Hopkins, of New York 

Children: John Milton, born March 9, 1903; Marion Louise, 
born November 20. 1904; Douglas Turnbull. born July 31, 1908. 

Alison Turnl)ull Hopkins is one of the leading figures in the move- 
ment for the amendment of the United States Constitution so as to permit 
Woman Suffrage throughout the nation ; but she finds time, besides, for 

notable civic activities. She is 
State Chairman of the New 
Jersey Branch of the National 
Woman's Party and a member 
of the National Executive Com- 
mittee of the National Woman's 
Party. In her civic work she 
is President of the Morristown 
"Summer Shelter," a member of 
the executive committee of the 
Morris County Branch of the 
State Charities Aid Society, 
member of the board of mana- 
gers of the Speedwell Society, 
Chairman of the Ladies House 
Committee of the Morristown 
*...., \ Field Club, member of the 

Executive Committee of the 
Women's Town Improvement 
Committee and, too, of the Mor- 
ris County Corn Growing and 
Industrial Contests. 

Mrs. Hopkins' father was an 
officer in the United States Navy. Most of his family were either in the 
Federal Army or Navy. Her grandfather, William Turnbull, a Topo- 
graphical Engineer, U. S. A. with the rank of Colonel, built the Potomac 
aqueduct of Washington, D. C. On her mother's side she is descended 
from Governor Bradford of Massachusetts. 

268 Hopkins 

Mrs. Hopkins has spent all of her life in Morristown except the 
period between 1901 and 1908, when she lived in New York City, where 
she now spends her winters. She was educated by private tutors having 
never attended any school. 

Mrs. Hopkins cannot remember the time when she did not believe in 
rights of women. Her experience in civic and sociological work taught 
her that only through political power could women secure the reforms 
they wished for in our government and in our labor laws. During the 
suffrage referendums, she took an active part in the New York and New 
Jersey campaigns, as an officer of the Women's Political Uuion. When 
these failed, she became convinced that the only way to secure the en- 
franchisement of women was through an amendment to the Constitution 
of the United States. When, in the Fall of 1915, the Congressional Union 
for Women Suffrage organized a branch in New Jersey, she became its 
chairman. Later, she took part m the campaign carried on in the West 
by the National Woman's Party, the political outgrowth of the Con- 
gressional Union. In the spring of 1917, it was decided to merge with 
the National Woman's Party and take its name. The object remains the 
same however — to secure a federal amendment enfranchising women. 

Mrs. Hopkins is a member of the Morristown Field Club, the York 
Club (New York). Morris Coimty Golf, the Whippany River, and the Mor- 
ristown Garden Clubs, of the American Academy of Political and Social 
Science, the Drama League of America and of the Contemporary Club 
of Newark. 

ance. Born in New York City, on May IT. 1872 ; son of John 
Milton and Augusta Deblois (Haven) Hopkins; married to Hilda 
Elizabeth Stone, November 14th, 1895 (died March 5, 1899); 
2nd — at Morristown, on October 8th, 1901 to Alison Low Turn- 
bull, daughter of Frank and Marion Louise (Bates) Turnbull. 

Children— (First marriage)— J. A. H., born Feb. 19, 1898; 
(second marriage) — John Milton, born March 9, 1903; Marion 
Louise, born November 20, 1904; Douglas Turnbull, born July 
31, 1908. 

John A. H. Hopkins has been devoting all of his spare time, ever 
since he was old enough to realize the necessity for it, to an effort to 
destroy bi-partisan rule in governmental affairs, to establish a real de- 
mocracy, and to give the working men and all who have their own way 
to make a fair chance to do so at a remmierative wage. For this reason 
he joined the Progressive Party when this was formed in 1912. He also 
took a leading part in the formation of the Citizens Union of New Jersey 
and has been an earnest advocate of Woman's Suffrage, finally identi- 
fying himself with the National Woman's Party in their efforts to secure 
the passage of the Susan B. Anthony Federal Amendment. In the latter 

Hopkins 269 

relation as well as in the others, he has heen an active worker and speaker 
for a long time. He is State Chairman of the Progressive Party of New- 
Jersey and National Treasurer of the National Progressive party, and 
Chairman also of the Citizens Union Executive Committee. 

Mr. Hopkins was educated at Columbia Institute, a military school 
in New York City. After his graduation he went into business (in 1SS8) 
with Johnson & Higgius, a house of average adjusters and insurance 
brokers established m 1845, and has been there ever since. He spent some 
time in organizing the firm's offices m Boston and Chicago and has gone 
through all the departments of its work. He is now one of its directors 
and its Vice President. 

Mr. Hopkins ran for State Senator on the Progressive ticket in New 
Jersey in 1913, being defeated by Senator Charles H. Rathbun with whom 
^- he has since been closely co- 

operating. He was also a dele- 
gate to the Progressive Presi- 
dential Convention in Jime, 
1916, having been the Chair- 
man of the New Jersey delega- 
tion ; and when Col. Roosevelt 
endorsed Mr. Charles E. 
Hughes after the Republican 
National Convention had named 
him for the presidency, Mr. 
Hopkins was requested by the 
delegation to interview Mr. 
Roosevelt to ascertain whether 
he could satisfactorily explain 
his part in the "betrayal." As 
a result of this interview Mr. 
Hopkins personally supported 
Woodrow Wilson for President, 
retainmg however, his member- 
ship hi the Progressive Party 
and was one of the delegates in 
the Indianapolis conference prior to the election and in the New York con- 
ference of December loth. 1916, which culminated in the Progressive Na- 
tional Convention held in St. Louis on April 12th, 13th and 14th, 1917, at 
\vhich the entire Party was reorganized, Mr. Hopkins was a firm advocate 
of combining the various parties and groups who had the same objects in 
view ; and at this Convention the Prohibition Party combined with the 
Progressive Party and steps were taken to form coalitions with the Na- 
tional Woman's Party and several other similar organizations. 

Mr. Hopkins has also been very much interested in school reforms and 
was the Chairman of the Committee of the Morristown Civic Association 
which started the battle for reconstruction of their school system which 
subsequently was carried through. He is now President of the Buckley 
School Corporation of New York State, a Director and Vice President of 
Johnson & Higgins, No. 49 Wall Street, and a Director in Prindiville & 
Company, Chicago, 111. 

270 Howell 

He belongs to the Down Town Association, Morris County Golf Club, 
Morristown Field Club and Whippany River Club. 

EDWARD LEAVITT HOWE— Princeton.— Banker. Born at 
Princeton, April 6th, 1870; son of Edward and Hannah (Butler) 

Edw^ard L. Howe is of English and Scotch-Irish descent on his 
father's side and Holland-Dutch on his mother's. He w^as educated in 
Princeton at the public school, the Prmceton Preparatory School and then 
at the University. Devotmg himself to the banking business since 1S8S in 
Princeton, he is now Vice President of the Prmceton Bank and Trust Co. 
He has been actively identified with the New Jersey Bankers' Association 
since its organization, is a member of the Executive Committee, has served 
as Chairman of several important committees, and was President of that 
association in 1910-11, and is now^ an Honorary Vice President. 

For three years Mr. Howe served on the Executive Council of the 
American Bankers Association and is a member of the Currency Commis- 
sion of that association which was appointed to confer with Congress in 
regard to the preparation of the Federal Reserve Act in 1913. 

Mr. Howe is a Director of the Princeton Water Company and the 
Town Club, a member of the American Whig Society, the Sons of the 
Revolution, and the Presbyterian Church, in which he is a Deacon. His 
clubs are Nassau, Town and Triangle (Princeton) Bankers and City 
(New York), Republican (Trenton) and the Tourrilli Fish and Game 
Club of Canada. 

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN HOWELL— New Brimswick, (32 Union 
Street)— Banker. Born in Cumberland County, Jan. 27th, 1844; 
son of Edmund and Hannah (Nixon) Howell; married at South 
Amboy on January 27, 1869 to Amelia Furman. 

Mr. Howell has two children. 

Benjamin Howell sat in eight Congresses at Washington as the Repre- 
sentative of the Third Congressional district. He began with the 54th 
Congress in 1895 and served until the close of the 61st Congress in 1911. 
For ten years prior to 1892 he had served as Surrogate. He was for two 
years in the county Board of Freeholders, Director of the Board in the 
second year of his service, and a delegate to the Republican National Con- 
vention that ui 1892 nominated Benjamin Harrison for President of the 
United States. In 1894 the republicans of the Third District made him 
their candidate for Congress against Congressman Jacob A. Geissenheimer, 
democrat, who sought re-election, and whom he defeated. Seven times 
re-nominated he was as often re-elected, serving continuously imtil 1911. 

Mr. Howell was in the battles of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and m 

Hudspeth 271 

other engagements. It was after the close of the Civil War that he served 
in the Board of Freeholders. His first election to the Surrogacy came in 
1SS2 and he was re-nominated in 1887. In the House of Representatives, 

he was a member of the Com- 
mittee on Public Buildings and 
Grounds for fourteen j^ears, and 
a member of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Committee, 
(its Chairman), introduced the 
bill to prevent fraudulent citi- 
zenship papers which is the 
present law, and was appointed 
by Congress one of the Com- 
missioners to uivestigate the 
immigration question and make 
report upon it. 

Congressman Howell was 
elected President of the People's 
National Bank at New Bruns- 
wick in December, 1890, and 
holds that position still. He 
was elected one of the mana- 
gers of the New Brunswick 
Savings Institution, in 1891, and 
is now its vice-president. He 
is a member of the Society of 
Colonial Wars of New Jersey, Sons of the Revolution, Grand Army of the 
Republic, and of St. Stephen's Lodge, No. 63, F. & A. M. 

ROBERT S. HUDSPETH — Jersey City, (75 Montgomery 
Street) — Lawyer. Born hi Cobourg, Ontario, on October 27th, 
1857 ; son of Thomas A. Hudspeth and Mary Hudspeth ; married 
on March 7th, 1885 to Jessie E. Beggs, widow of Robert Beggs, 
formerly of Jersey City and daughter of John and Mary Calver- 
ley, of Jersey City. 

Mr. Hudspeth came to the United States when a child of ten years 
of age, with his widowed mother, who was a Vermont woman. Mr. 
Hudspeth and his mother took up their residence m the Greenville sec- 
tion of Jersey City m 1875 and he has lived there ever since. At the 
age of seventeen, he commenced the study of law, in the office of Thomas 
Carey, m the City of New York, and on his twenty-first birthday, was 
admitted to the bar in the State of New York, and became Mr. Carey's 
partner. He practiced his profession ui New York for some j^ears, in the 
meantime being admitted to the bar of New Jersey — as an attorney in 
February, 1881, and as a comiselor in 1892 — and thereafter practiced in 
both States. 

In 1886, 1887 and 1889 Mr. Hudspeth was elected on the democratic 
ticket as a member of the House of Assembly from the Sixth District of 


Hudson County and was tlie party leader in the House durmg the tirst 
two years of his legislative career. In his first campaign the democrats 
of the district had nominated a candidate who at the eleventh hour was 
found to be ineligible, and on the Saturday preceding the next Tuesday 
election day, Mr. Hudspeth was persuaded to malce the run. The dis- 
trict had in the previous year, elected John W. Heck, republican, by a 
large plurality, and Mr. Heck was re-nominated by his party in 1886. as 
Mr, Hudspeth's opponent. Though Mr. Hudspeth had only two days — one 
of them a Sunda.v — for his campaign, he carried the district, defeating 
Mr. Heck by a plurality of 76 votes. In Mr. Hudspeth's second term, 1887, 

he was nominated by the demo- 

^^^gjjQU^^ cratic House caucus for the 

^^^^^^Hp^^^k^ Speakership, but was defeated 

^^^fH^^ ^ by a combination of three bolt- 

^^Hf mg democrats with the Repub- 

^K^' lican minority. This combina- 

pi^ "'^"'((l 40g tit»ii secured the election of Dr. 

William M. Baird, hitherto a 
democrat, as Speaker and ac- 
complished the defeat of Leon 
Abbett as United States Sena- 
tor. In 1889, however, Mr. 
Hudspeth was elected Speaker 
of the House. He was first 
elected to the State Senate from 
Hudson county, in 1892, to fill 
out the imexpired term of Ed- 
ward F. McDonald, who had 
been elected to Congress, and 
was elected again for the full 
term of 1901-1904. 

Upon his election to the As- 
sembly in 1886, Mr. Hudspeth 
discontinued the practice of law 
in New York, confining his attention to his profession in New Jersey. He 
served as City Attorney of Jersey City during Mayor Cleveland's adminis- 
tration, resigning that ofiice m February 1893, to accept appointment by 
Governor Werts, as Presiding Judge of the Hudson county courts, where 
he sat for the full term. 1893-1898. In 1912 Governor Wilson appointed 
him Prosecutor of the Pleas of the county for the term which he is still 
filling. Mr. Hudspeth was Chairman of the Democratic State Commit- 
tee in 1907, and had charge of the campaign of Frank T. Katzenbach for 
Governor. Ex-Judge Franklin Fort was Mr. Katzenbach's republican 
opponent. The republican plurality for Governor of 51,644, secured by 
Stokes in 1904, was reduced to 8,013 for Fort in 1907. 

Shice 1906 Mr. Hudspeth has been a national figure in politics. In 
1908 he was chosen by the democratic organization in the State as a 
member of the Democratic National Committee and is still serving in that 
position. In the Bryan campaign in 1908, he was the Eastern Manager 
for the National Committee and was in control of the Eastern Head- 

Hughes 273 

quarters in New York City. One of liis Associates at Headquarters was 
Josephus Daniels, now Secretary of the Navy of the United States. In 
the campaigns of 1912 and 1916, he was a member of the Democratic 
National Campaign Committee. With William F. McCombs, later Chair- 
man of the Democratic National Committee, he had charge of the cam- 
paign of Governor Wilson for the nomination for President of the United 
States, and upon his nomination took a very active part in securing Gov. 
Wilson's election. In the campaign of 1912, William G. McAdoo, now 
Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, was a colleague of Mr. 
Hudspeth at Headquarters. 

Mr. Hudspeth is a Director of the Union Trust Company of New 
Jersey, and is a member of the Cartaret and the Jersey City Clubs of 
Jersey City and of the Baltusrol Golf Club. 

WILLIAM HUGHES— Patersou.— Lawyer. Born in Ireland, 
April 3, 1872 ; son of Thomas P. and Ellen Hughes ; married 
Margaret Hughes, July 16, 1898. 

Children : Phyllis and Ruth. 

William Hughes came to this country at an early age, received a 
common school education, worked in the silk mills of Paterson, studied 
typewriting and stenography at a business college in that City, and be- 
came a law student in the of- 
fice of William M. Rysdyk. He 
later entered the law office of 
William Nelson, of Paterson, 
and subsequently that of former 
United States Attorney General 
John W. Griggs. He was ad- 
mitted as an attorney at law in 
June, 1900 : subsequently as a 
counselor. He has always been 
closely identified with organized 
labor cases. 

During the Spanish-American 
War he enlisted in Co. A, Sec- 
^^^^^^^^^^ ond Regiment, N. G. N. J., and 

J F^^^^^^H^I^K served five mouths at Sea Girt 

W I^^^^KKKKSSSm ^^^^ Jacksonville, Fla. At Sea 

W ^i^Km^^^^^^^^m Girt he was detailed as steno- 

grapher to Gov. Voorhees and at 
Jacksonville to Maj. Gen. Fitz- 
liugh Lee. 

He was elected to the Fifty- 
eighth, Sixtieth. Sixty-first and Sixty-second Congresses. He resigned the 
office of Representative in Congress in September, 1912, to assume the 
duties of Judge of Passaic County, to which office he had been appointed 
by Gov. Wilson. At the iirimary election held on Septemljer 24, 1912 he 

274 Humphreys 

was selected as Democratic candidate for Senator and at tlie next session 
of the Legislature he was elected to that office, succeeding Frank ( ). Briggs. 
Senator Hughes' term expires March 4. 1019. 

ALEXANDER C. HOIPHREYS— Hoi token. (Castle Point) — 
College President. Born in Edinlnirgh. Scotland, on March :>(». 
1851; son of Edward R. Humphreys ( M. D., LL. D.. scholar and 
educator of Irish birth but English extraction) and Margaret 
McXutt, of Prince Edward Island ; married on April 80, 1872. to 
Eva, daughter of Dr. Emile Guillaudeau. of New York City. 

Children: Harold, Crombie. and Eva, (Harold, who was the 
first son of a Stevens' alumnus to graduate from the College, was 
drowned, with his brother, Cromlde, in the Nile in 1901 : and in 
commemoration. Dr. Humphreys, in 1902. endowed the Harold 
Humphreys Scholarship, and in 1904. the Crombie Humphreys 
Scholarship, in the Stevens Institute. 

Alexander C. Humphreys is the President of Stevens Institute of 
Technology in Hobokeu. In 1859. the family crossed to Boston, where 
Alexander C. continued his education in his father's school. At fourteen, 
he passed the preliminary examinations for admission to the I'nited 
States Academy at Annapolis : but, being too young for admission, he ac- 
cepted a position in an insurance office in Boston. In 1S66 he entered the 
office of the Guarant.v and Indemnity Co.. in New York City ; by 1872 had 
become receiving teller and assistant general bookkeeper. Meanwhile, he 
acted as Secretary to the building committee of the Bayonue & Greenville 
Gas Light Co., became Secretary and Treasurer in 1872 and was Super- 
intendent thereafter. His experience m the Gas Company work aroused 
him to the advantage of an engineering education and he prepared to 
secure it. Dr. Morton, then President of the Stevens Institute, advised 
him that, as he could devote only two days of a week to lectures and reci- 
tations, it wt>uld take him six years to complete the four-years course in 
Engmeermg. Though out of the ordinary study habit Mr. Humphreys 
undertook to complete the course in four years, accomplished it and was 
voted a formal resolution of congratulations by the Institute Faculty. 
Meanwhile he was a vestryman and the Treasurer of Trinity P. E. Church 
in Bayonne. Superintendent of the Sunday School, a member of the Bay- 
onne Board of Education and a foreman in the fire department. 

After graduation Dr. Humphreys was Chief Engineer of the Pintsch 
Lighting Co., of New York, the first company to apply compressed illum- 
inating gases to the lighting of public vehicles. In January, 1885 he was 
made Superintendent of Construction of the United Gas Improvement 
Co., in Philadelphia, and soon afterwards Itecame General Superintendent 
and Chief Engineer, in charge of the contracting and purchasing depart- 
ment and of the Company's gas and electric properties — while, too, super- 
vising a contracting business carried on by the Company m developing 
the Lowe type of apparatus for water gas manufacture. In the late 80's 

Humphreys 275 

he installed the first storage battery ever operated in connection with a 
central station electric plant. 

In 1892 Dr. Humphreys entering into partnership with Arthur G. Glas- 
gow (Stevens' '85) opened the house of Humphreys & Glasgow in London 
to carry on the business of erecting water-gas plants and furnishing appa- 
ratus. The success of the busmess ui London induced Mr. Humphreys in 
1894 to leave the United Gas Improvement Co. and to open a firm office 
in New York, where, first engagmg in general contracting work, he con- 
fined himself eventually entirely to consulting work. Humphreys & Glas- 
gow plant mstallations have been installed in Great Britain, Ireland, 
Belgium, Cuba, China, Holland, Germany, Africa, West Australia, Asia, 
New South Wales, New Zealand, Japan and Switzerland. The business 
of the partnership was incorporated in 1909 under the name of Humphreys 
& Glasgow, Inc., Dr. Humphreys being chief stockholder. In 1911 Dr. 
Humphreys retired from the London firm, and with Alten S. Miller, estab- 
lished the New York company of Humphreys »& Miller, Inc. 

In 1902, Dr. Morton having died. Dr. Humphreys was invited to the 
Presidency of Stevens Institute where he has brought the academic at- 
mosphere Dr. Morton had imparted to Institute work, down to the hard- 
pan practical conditions that confront students after graduation. So 
as to blend the practical with the scholastic, even the teaching force are 
encouraged to do. outside of the Institute, work that brings them in 
touch with current business and every day professional problems. The 
loss of the St. George Cricket Grounds, which had been used by the 
students for many years for athletic exercises, moved Dr. Humphreys to 
purchase the gromuls adjoining the Institute for the athletic use ; and 
the purchase is regarded as particularly valuable and advantageous be- 
cause it provides room for the expansion of college facilities. 

Dr. Humphreys is a trustee and member of the Executive Committee 
of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, past Presi- 
dent of the Steven's Alumni Association, and of the National Society for 
the Promotion of Industrial Education, and member of the Public Educa- 
tional Associations, New Jersey Teachers' Association, British and Ameri- 
can Associations for the Advancement of Science, American Museum of 
Natural History, New York Botanical Gardens, American Forestry Associa- 
tion, etc. He is President of the Society of Art, the Mmiicipal Art So- 
ciety, and the New York School of Applied Design for Women. Dr. 
Humphreys received the honorary degree of Doctor of Science from the 
University of Pennsylvania in 1903 and of Doctor of Laws from Columbia 
in 190.3, New York University in 1906, Princeton m 1907, and from Rutgers 
and Brown in 1914. 

Dr. Humphreys is past President of the National Society for the 
Promotion of Industrial Education, of the American Society Mechanical 
Engineers, the United Engineering Society, the American Gas Light Asso- 
ciation, and the American Gas Institute ; a Fellow of the American Insti- 
tute of Electrical Engineers, member of the American Institute of Mining 
Engineers, the American Society of Civil Engineers, the American Insti- 
tute of Consulting Engineers, the Institution of Civil Engineers (Great 
Britain), the Society of Chemical Industry, the American Gas Institute, 
the Illuminating Engineering Society, the National Commercial Gas Asso- 

276 Hutchinson 

elation, the Society of Gas Lighting, the Pacific Coast Gas Association, the 
Natural Gas Association of America, the New England Association of Gas 
Engineers, the P'ranklin Institute, the New York Chamber of Commerce, 
and Director and member of the Executive Committee of the Equitable 
Life Insurance Society, the New Jersey Chamber of Commerce, and the 
Hoboken Board of Trade. He is Vice President of the St. Andrew's 
Society of New York, and member of the University, Lotos, Century, Engin- 
eers', Lawyers', LTnion League and Church clubs of New York City ; 
the LTniversity Club of Hudson County, and Parmachenee ( Maine i Fishing 

He is the author of many papers and lectures on engineering educa- 
tion, the accountancy of depreciation, photometry, appraisals, methods and 
economics of gas engineering, etc.. and of a work on "Business Features 
of Engineering Practice." and delivered two of the One-hundred-fiftieth 
Anniversary lectures given at Brown University in .January. lOlG. 

State Street) — Lawyer. Born at Alleutown. June 10, 1860; son of 
Charles R. Hutchinson and Mary (Coward) Hutchinson; married 
on October 1st, 1885, at New Egypt, to Sarah Meirs Hulme. 
daughter of John L. and Anna Maria (Meirs) Hulme. 

Children : Charles Percy, born October 17, 1887 ; Laurence 
Willis, born May 14, 1892 ; Anna Hulme, born November 20, 1893 ; 
Alice Paxton, born June 29, 1896. 

Barton B. Hutchinson, twice represented Mercer county in the State 
Senate of New Jersey. He is of mixed descent, his line bemg English and 
Scotch-Irish and Dutch. Jonathan Forman. who made a record at the battle 
of Monmouth, was one of his forebears. 

Mr. Hutchinson's education was ac(iuired at the cormtry district 
school and rounded off at the Allentown High School. Picking the law 
for his life calling, he entered the office of Holt & Brother, in Trenton in 
1877, and was admitted as an attorney Jime 10, 1881, and as eoimselor 
at the June term three years later. Opening an office in Trenton, he 
practised alone until, in 1912, his son, Charles Percy Hutchinson, quali- 
fied as a lawyer, and the two have since done business under the firm 
name of Hutchinson & Hutchinson. In the earlier days of his practice 
Mr. Hutchinson was the Solicitor for the borough of Wilbur, adjacent to 
Trenton; he is a Master and Special Master in Chancery and a Supreme 
Court Commissioner, and has frequently Ijeen picked out for special legal 
distinctions. Governor Yoorhees appointed him a Commissioner to revise 
the National Guard Law. Ex-Gov. Leon Abbett. when, later, a Justice of 
the State Supreme Court, named him to serve as a Commissioner for the 
Adjustment of Taxes under the Martin act, for Trenton, and he served 
there nearly four years. He is now a member of a commission to revise 
the corporation laws of New Jersey, of one to revise the laws relating 
to married persons, and of a third to revise the legislative procedure of 
New Jersey. 


Hvitcliinsou 277 

Taking an early interest in politics, lie became a member of the Tren- 
ton Republican City Committee and was made its Secretary. He has been 
Vice President, President, and member of the Board of Governors, of the 
Republican Club of Trenton and Vice President and President of the 
"City Invincibles," a local republican political organization. He was 
elected to the General Assembly in 1891 and served m '92 and '93. In 
'93 the republican minority on the floor of the chamber named him as its 
leader. His first election to the State Senate was in 1904, w]jeii he served 
one term. He was elected a second time in 1913 and served another term 
that expired in January, 1917. Apart from his professional and political 
activities Senator Hutchinson was made a Master Mason in Trenton 
Lodge Xo. 5 in September, 1881, Worshipful Master m 1885 and District 
Deputy Grand Master in 1886. 

Senator Hutchinson is a Presbyterian. He was Deacon in the First 
Presbyterian Church of Trenton, and subsequently became and now is 
an Elder of that church. He was a member of the Seventh Regiment 
N. G. X. J. Gun Detachment, and Judge Advocate of the Second Regi- 
ment. He was also Vice President of the Trenton Board of Trade in 1889 
and its President in 1890. 

Senator Hutchinson's club and society memberships embrace the Sons 
of the Revolution, Trenton Country Club, Lotus Club of Trenton, Royal 
Arcanum and X^ational Union, American Bar Association, and the Mercer 
County Bar Association. He is one of the Charter members of Xew 
Jersey State Bar Association and also a 32nd degree Mason and of the 
Royal Arch. 

ELIJAH C.. HUTCHINSON— Hamilton Township, (Mercer Co.) 
— Merchant, Miller. Born in Windsor, (Mercer Co.), August 7th, 
1855; son of Spafford W. and Mary (Cubberly) Hutchinson; 
married on Xov. 22nd, 1876, to Ella D. Stults, daughter of Garret 
S. Stults, of Cranbury. 

Children : Harvey S., born March 5th, 1878 ; Raymond, born 
Oct. 9th, 1884; Spafford, born June 15, 1888; Stanley, born Feb. 
23rd, 1897. 

Elijah C. Hutchinson, besides beiug a Representative of the Fourth 
Congressional district in the Xational Congress at Washington, is of diver- 
sified business activities — interested in the pottery industry, a banker and 
a merchant miller. 

Mr. Hutchinson in 1889 assisted m the organization of the Trenton 
Bone and Fertilizing Company, was made its Treasurer at the time, and 
three years later became its Manager. His closer business connection is, 
however, with the flour mill and grain elevator which he established ui 
Hamilton Township. Incidental to this business, he is also President of 
the Trenton Flour Mills Company in Trenton, Vice President of the Xew 
Jersey China Pottery Company, Treasurer of Cochran Drugan & Com- 
pany, and a director of the Broad Street Bank and of the Mercer Trust 

278 Hutchison 

Company. He was the first Treasure!' of the Interstate Fair Association 
serving three years, and as one of its directors. 

Mr. Hutchinson's political career began with his election to the House 
of Assembly in lS95-'96. His plurality of 8.273 m '95 was more than 
doubled in '96. His Assembly work pointed him out as a logical candidate 
for a seat in the State Senate. Nominated by the republicans of the 
county, be was elected m 1889 over his democratic opponent. Bayard 
Stockton ; and ui the canvass for re-election in 1901 he defeated ex -Judge 
Robert S. Woodruff. 

During his second term in the Senate he was its President, and dis- 
charged the functions of that office with an even hand that won for him 
a resolution of thanks from his colleagues even of the Democratic mmority. 
Soon after the expiration of his second term in the Senate, Mr. Hutchm- 
son was appointed State Road Commissioner by Governor Stokes. His 
management of the State Road Department was marked l)y many changes 
and reforms. 

Mr. Hutchinson's first election to Congress was achieved in 1914, 
when he defeated Allan B. Walsh, the Democrat, who had preceded him 
at Washington and who sought re-election, by a plurality of 3,312. In 1916 
Congressman Hutchinson was renominated and re-elected. 

MILLER REESE HI TCHISON, E. E., Ph. D.— West Orange, 
(Llewellyn Park) — Inventor, Engineer, Financier. Born at Mont- 
rose, Baldwm County, Ala., August 6th, 1876 ; son of William 
Peter and Tracie Elizabeth (Magruder) Hutchison: married in 
New York City on May 31st. 1901, to Martha Jackman Pomeroy, 
daughter of John W. and Anna S. Pomeroy of "Woodside," Lake 
Minnetonka, Minn, and Jacksonville, Fla. 

Children : Miller Reese, Jr., born 1902 ; Harold Pomeroy, born 
1904; Juan Ceballos, born 1906; and Robley Pomeroy, born 1908. 

Miller Reese Hutchison is Engineering Advisor to Thomas A. Edison, 
member of the Naval Consulting Board of the United States, President, 
Treasurer and Director of Miller Reese Hutchison, Incorporated, of New 
Jersey, Vice President and Director of Hutchison Office Specialties Com- 
pany, of New York. etc. etc. 

Dr. Hutchison was educated in the private schools of Mobile, Ala., 
from 1883-1SS9, and at Marion Military Institute, Marion, Ala., (18S9-'91), 
Spring Hill (Ala.) College, (1891-'92), the University Military Institute 
(Mobile) (lS92-'95), finally completing his collegiate studies at the Ala- 
bama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn, Ala., (1895-'97) where he devoted 
himself exclusively to electrical and mechanical enguieering. Subse- 
quently, in his researches in apparatus to ameliorate deafness, he attended 
the Alabama Medical College in special aural mvestigation and study. 

At the age of ten years he commenced to devote practically all his 
spare time to manual training in pattern shops, foundries, machine shops, 
electrical repair shops, power houses, etc., etc., and kept it up until he 
finished college m 1897, thus learnmg his profession both practically and 



theoretically. He took out liis first patent — a lightning arrester for tele- 
graph and telephone lines, — at the age of sixteen. This was followed, 
in 1895, by the Akouphone, an electrical device to enable the deaf to hear. 
At the outbreak of the Spanish-American War Mr. Hutchison volun- 
teered his services and was appointed Electrical Enguieer of the 7th and 
8th Lighthouse Districts, vuider Major A. N. Damrell, U. S. A., and was 
engaged in laying submarine cables and mines, protecting the har))()rs 
from Key West to Galveston. When the war ended he returned to re- 
searches in which he was engaged when it broke out. His efforts were 
productive of the Acousticon. to this day the standard mstrument for the 

alleviation of deafness and 
of which there are several 
hundred thousand m daily 
use. The Acousticon was 
quickly followed by various 
electrical and mechanical 
devices, in commercial ser- 

In 1899 and again in 
1902 he was requested to 
go to Europe to apply his 
Acousticon to several of 
the nobility and to one of 
the reigning monarchs, 
and. as a result of his ef- 
forts, he was, on August 
21st, 1902, presented with 
a gold medal by the Queen 
of England "as a reward 
of merit for Scientific In- 
vestigation and Invention." 
During his stay there he 
was present, m Westmin- 
ster Abbey, at the Coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. 
Upon his return to America, he re-established his Laboratory and in 
due time produced, among other noteworthy inventions, the "Klaxon Horn," 
used universally throughout the entire world, the "Hutchison Electrical 
Tachometer," the "Hutchison Spool-0-Wire Fastener," etc., etc. Alto- 
gether h^ has been granted several hundred patents and for a number of 
years officiated as Consulting Engmeer to several large financial institu- 
tions in New York City. His unentions were awarded gold and silver 
medals at the Louisiana Purchase Elxposition in 1904. He was a Com- 
missioner of the Department of Electricity at the Louisiana Purchase Ex- 
position, and Member of the International Electrical Congress in 1904, and 
of the International Engineering Congress in 1915. 

Dr. Hutchison is a member of the Naval Consulting Board of the 
U. S. A., American Society of Mechanical Engmeers, Society of Auto- 
motive Engineers, American Institute of Radio Engineers, National Insti- 
tute of Social Sciences, National Geographic Society, Kappa Alpha, Acade- 
my of Political and Social Sciences, Museum of Natural History, Engin^ 

280 111 

eers Club, University Club of Wasliiiig<^on, D. C, and American Defense 
Society ; member and Director of the American Radio Relay League, life 
member of the New York Electrical Society, and the Navy League of the 
United States, and Associate Member of the American Society of Naval 
Engineers, and the U. S. Naval Institute. 

In 1911 he became associated with Mr. Edison in the development of 
the Edison Storage Battery for Submarines. In 1912 he was appomted 
Chief Engineer of the Edison Laboratory, Edison Storage Battery Co., and 
Thomas A. Edison (Inc.) and Chief Engineer to and Personal Representa- 
tive of Mr. Edison. In 1916 he was made Engineering Advisor to Mr. 
Edison. On January 1st, 1917, Miller Reese Hutchison, Inc., was organ- 
ized by Dr. Hutchison and took over the exclusive sales-rights of the Edi- 
son Storage Battery for all military and naval purposes of practically all 

The degree of Electrical Engineer (E. E.) was conferred by the Ala- 
bama Polytechnic Institute in Jime, 1913, and that of Doctor of Philosophy 
(Ph. D.) was conferred by Spring Hill College in Jmie, 1914, for con- 
spicuous achievements in the realms of science and philosophy. 

Dr. Hutchison has delivered many lectures on "Edison and some of 
his Inventions" and other subjects before scientific and engineering so- 
cieties, clubs, the inmates of penitentiaries, reformatories, etc. He is a 
strong advocate of social reform and uplift in prisons and reformatories. 

His principal pastime is work, but he has been from childhood a de- 
TOtee of wrestling, boxing, fencing, bicycle riding and other forms of 
violent physical exercise, and he yet finds time for his favorite sport of 
liorseback riding on his jumper, "Big Ben." His West Orange residence 
is "Colonia," Llewellyn Park, a short distance from the Edison Labora- 
tory. His country seat is "Woodside," Lake Minnetonka, Minn., at which 
the members of his family spend their summers and which he visits oc- 
casionally when his activities permit. 

EDWARD J. ILL— Newark, (1002 Broad Street.)— Physician- 
Born m Newark, May 2ord, 1854; son of Fridolin and Julia 
(Rehmann) 111; married in Newark, January 10th, 1878, to 
Clothilda DietTenbach, daughter of Henry Dieffenbach, of Newark. 

Children : Mrs. George A. Scheller ; Dr. Edgar A., of Newark ; 
Mrs. Chas. A. O'Malley. of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Mrs. Arthur C. Hens- 
ler. of Newark. 

Dr. Edward J. Ill has spent all his life in Newark where he has built 
up a large practice and achieved a wide reputation as a physician. His 
early education was ac(iuired in the Newark schools. After his graduation 
from the High School in 1872, he took a course at Columbia College, from 
which he graduated in 1875. Crossing the waters he attended lectures at 
Strassburg, Vienna and Freiburg. Upon the com])letion of his studies, he 
.settled down to practice m Newark. 

Dr. Ill has foimd it possible, in spite of the demands made upon his 

Illingworth 281 

time and energies by his iiractice. to take part in the civic and some times 
in tlie political affairs of Newark. In lS79-"80 he was elected a member 
of the Board of Education, and from 1880 to '95 he served as Trustee of the 
Newark City Home. He is also a director of the Prudential Insurance 
Company of America, representing the policy holders and appointed by the 
Chancellor. And in 1904 the Governor appointed him to serve as a consul- 
tant to the New Jersey State Village for Epileptics at Skillman. 

Dr. Ill was Vice President for New Jersey of the Pan-American Medi- 
cal Congress in 1893 ; President, in 1899, of the American Association of 
Obstetricians and Gynecologists ; in 1912-'13 he was President of the Acad- 
emy of Medicuie, Northern New Jersey, and in 1907, of the New Jersey 
Medical Society. He is a Fellow of the Southern Surgical and Gynecologi- 
cal Association and the New York Academy of Medicine. He is also Gyne- 
cologist and Medical Director at St. Michael's Hospital ; Gynecologist and 
supervismg Obstetrician, Hospital of St. Barnabas ; Consulting Gynecolog- 
ist of the Newark Beth Israel and St. James Hospitals ; Mountain Side Hos- 
pital, Montclair ; St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Elizabeth ; Somerset Hospital, 
Somerville ; Muhlenberg Hospital. Plainfield ; Perth Amboy City Hospital, 
Perth Amboy ; Stump Memorial Hospital, Kearny ; All Soul's and Morris- 
town Memorial Hospitals. Morristown and the State Hospital at Morris 

Dr. Ill is also a Director of the Ocean County Trust Company. He 
has fomid opportunities, between times, for literary work, and has pre- 
pared sixty or more papers for the professional periodicals on special medi- 
cal topics. 

JOHN ILLINGWORTH— Newark, (58 Park Place.)— Manufac- 
turer. Born at Yorkshire, England, son of Robert and Mary Illing- 
worth ; married at Newark, on October. 1870, to Madeline Williams 
(died January, 1914, age 68.) 

Children : Clarence, born 1874 ; William H., born 1876, and Ida 
May, (Mrs. Dalrymple) born 1879. 

The story of John Illmgworth's life is practically a history of the steel 
industry of the United States. His father was a collier in an English mme 
with a family of nine children and small means for their support. As a 
consequence they had to get out early and provide for themselves. One of 
his sons, John's brother, Benjamin, fomid employment in the great steel 
works m ShetKeld, England, and became an expert. The production of steel 
in this comitry was first undertaken by the Adirondack Steel Co. in Jersey 
City ; and, needing proficient men, the company sent to England for them. 
Benjamin was among the first to respond to the call. He rose to be Mana- 
ger of a department in the Adirondack Works, and later achieved recogni- 
tion as an authority in the manufacture of steel. When he became settled 
in his new occupation he foimd an opportunity for Jolni, and invited him 
across the seas to take the benefit of it. 

282 Iiigersoll 

Joliii learned the trade under liis brother and himself later came to be 
recognized as one of the best informed men in the steel industry in the 
United States. Several machmes of his invention — one a devise for east- 
ing skate steel ; another for rolling and i)olishing steel that, with the im- 
provements later made in it, came to be of universal utility — facilitated 
the manufacture of the metal and opened avenues for Mr. Illingworth's ad- 
vancement. In 1864 he was taken as a partner into the firm of Pi-entice, 
Atha & Co.. which controlled the first steel plant in Newark. In 1891 Mr. 
Illingworth became allied with the firm of Benjamui Atha & Co. ; and under 
the firm name of Atha & Illingworth they were known as among the largest 
steel manufacturers in the comitry. Later in 1888 Mr. Illingworth started 
the John Illingworth Steel Company in Harrison, on the site where the 
Crucible Steel Company of America is now located. In 1905 he. with his 
two sons and Charles P. Soden, started the John Illingworth Steel Com- 
pany at Frankfort. Pa., of which he is still President. 

Mr. Illingworth incidentally became interested m fire matters : and 
imder appointment of Mayor Seymour, served as Fire Commissioner of 
Newark for ten years. 

Mr. Illingworth is a member of the North End Club, Newark. 

CHARLES H. INGEKSOLL— South Orange. — Manufacturer. 
Born at Delta, Eaton Coimty. Mich., October 29th, 1865; son of 
Orville Boudinot and :Mary Elizabeth Ingersoll ; married on July 
5th, 1898, at Brooklyn. N. Y., to Eleanor Kamsey Bond, daughter 
of Thomas A. Bond. 

Children : Jane Bond, aged IT ; Mary Elizabeth, aged 16 ; Elinore, 
15 ; Anna Louise, 12. 

While the name of Charles H. Ingersoll is most associated in the public 
mind with the "Dollar Watch" that has reduced a luxury of the rich to a 
common commodity, his activities in other directions reveal a man of 
marked versatility. A glance over the list, further on, of organizations with 
which he is identified reveals the almost endless variety of topics that in- 
terest him. Typical among these organizations are the American Fair 
Trade League and the United States of Europe Association of New York of 
each of which he is President, the Society for the Elimination of the Eco- 
nomic Causes of War, the Anti-Capital Pimishment Committee of the Na- 
tional Prison Association, the National Popular Government League of 
Washington. D. C, the Society for the Promotion of Training for Pul)lic 
Service, the Municipal Ownership League, the Society for Lower Rents, 
(N. Y.) and several associations devoted to the single tax propaganda. 

Other connections disclose his wide interest, as well, in state and neigh- 
borhood civic affairs. He was active on the New Jersey Constitutional 
Convention Committee, and by Gov. Wilson's aiipointment served on the 
Morris Canal Investigating Committee. At home he has identified himself 

Ingersoll 283 

with the progressives in local affairs, is President of the Civic Association 
of South Orange, Treasurer of the Civics Club of the Oranges, is member 
of the New England Society of Orange and connected with the South Or- 
ange Field Club and the Essex Comity Country Club. Of the home organi- 
zations outside his town, he is Treasurer of the National Voters League, 
member of the Committee on Taxation of the Manufacturers Association of 
New Jersey and identified with the Woodrow Wilson Democratic League of 
Essex County, the Equal Franchise Society of New Jersey, the Manufac- 
turers and Merchants Taxation League of New Jersey and several auto- 
mobile associations. 

The "Dollar Watch" is the product of the combined genius of his 
brother, Robert H. Ingersoll and himself ; and, though it is only twenty- 
five years since it was first offered to the public, over 50,000,000 of the time- 
pieces have been turned out for the markets of the world from the Ingersoll 
factories. The history of the establishment dates back to 1879, when 
Robert H., at 19, started out on a cattle train from the family farm m Del- 
ta, Michigan, and worked his 
waj% amid many hardships, into 
New York. There, with a cash 
capital of $175, which he had 
managed to save, he opened a 
little shop, 6x15 feet in size, at 
No. 92 Fulton Street, for the sale 
of rubber stamps, made by a 
process of his own. Business 
prospered, and only a year la- 
ter, in ISSO, he called his broth- 
er, Charles H., to his assist- 
ance. Under their combined ef- 
forts trade grew even faster, 
and a whole Fulton Street floor 
was required to serve it. They 
combined, with the rubber 
stamp enterprise, a few novel- 
ties Robert invented ; and. ad- 
vertising extensively along nov- 
el lines, they built up a mail 
order business t)f .$50,000 a year. 
Happening to drop mto a small watchmaking establishment one day, 
Robert H. Ingersoll noticed, on a shelf, a battered and rusty alarm clock, 
somewhat under the average size. A casual glance suggested to him the 
possibility of a similar time piece, reduced to watch size, that could be 
sold at a low figure. The idea so impressed the brothers that they began 
the series of calculations and experiments out of which came the first 
"Ingersoll Watch." It was a large, cumbersome affair popularly regarded 
as a joke. But the idea was novel, and even its small sales spurred the 
Ingersolls to further ett'orts. They so reduced its size and improved its 
mechanism, that its sale immediately doubled. Then, realizing its possi- 
bilities, they set about developing it systematically. By applying the 
same general methods that had made their other articles so successful 

284 Ingersoll 

and by liberal advertisiug, they succeeded in rapidly increasing the de- 
mand, and the profits which resulted were devoted to improving the 
watch. Thus the evolution continued, the watch becoming smaller as 
the sales became greater. 

When it was possible to offer the watch for $1, the demand became so 
great that it eclipsed all their other interests and one by one these were 
discontinued. The firm now has many distributing centres — in New 
York, Chicago, San Francisco, Montreal, London, Buenos Aires, China, 
India, etc. At its plant, the watches are produced at the rate of forty-two 
Iter mmute, 20.000 per day or 6.000,000 per year. Sixty thousand dealers 
in the United States are sellmg them ; and, m the summer of 1901, the 
firm gave watch-making Europe a svirprise by closing with the Symonds of 
London a contract for a million of its time pieces. Charles H. entered 
full partnership with his brother m 1887. He acquired his education in 
the schools at Delta, Mich., and upon coming to New York plimged into 
its life and into that of his home in South Orange with characteristic 

The list of his clubs and associations embraces, besides those already 
referred to, the Manufacturers Association of X. Y. ; X. J. State Chamber 
of Commerce; Sphinx Club (Advertising), X. Y. ; Trenton Chamber of 
Commerce, (X. J.) ; Waterbury Chamber of Commerce, (Conn.) ; The 
Fairhope League, (Organic Education), Y. P. (Greenwich, Conn.) ; X. J. 
Automobile & Motor Club, (Xewark) ; Automobile Club of America; 
Automobile & Motor Club ; Michigan Society of X. Y. ; Xewark Museum 
Association; Maiden Lane Historical Ass'n. (X. Y.) ; American Academy 
of Political & Social Science, (Phila.) ; American Association for Labor 
Legislation, (X. Y.) ; American Civic Association, (Wash.) ; American 
Forestry Association, (Wash.) ; American Free Trade League, (.Boston) ; 
American Proportional Representation League ; American Sociological So- 
ciety, (Chicago) ; Business Men's Association to Untax Industry, (X. Y.) ; 
City Club of X. Y. ; Congestion Committee of X. Y. ; Joseph Fels Fund 
Commission, (Cincimiati) ; Henry George Lectui'e Association, (Chica- 
go) ; Manhattan Single Tax Club, (X. Y.) ; Merchants Legislative League; 
Municipal Government League; Xational Americanization Committee, (X. 
Y.) ; Xational Conservation Association, (Wash.) ; Xational Geographic 
Society; Xational Municipal League, (Phila.); Xational Voters League, 
(Wash.) ; Treasurer X. J. State Federation; Treasurer X. Y. State I. & 
R. League ; Treasurer X. Y. State Single Tax League ; People's Institute, 
(X. Y. I ; Postal Progress League, (X. Y.) ; Reform Club, (X. Y.) ; Sunrise 
Club, (X. Y.) ; Twilight Club, (N. Y.) ; Voters Legislative League; Wood- 
row Wilson Advertisers League, (N, Y.) President; Wilson Business Men's 
National League (X. Y.) Member Exec. Com. 

This unique club list may not appeal to censors of social standing, 
but speaks volumes for Mr. Ingersoll's disposition to lend a helping hand 
to movements, no matter how obscure, if their aim is to secure co-opera- 
tion in beneficial progressive action in varied fields. He is responsible 
for the operation of the Self Masters Colony at Union, this State, which 
takes care of nearly one hundred "down and outs," 

Xotwithstanding the variety of social, economic and political in- 
terests mdicated, Mr. Ingersoll represents himself as being first and fore- 

.Tacol)sou 285 

most a Single Taxer, believing it to be fundamental to all other reforms ; 
his donations to this cause are considerable, and his national prominence 
in this movement is indicated by his affiliations as a member of the Joseph 
Fels Fmid Commission, Manhattan Smgle Tax Club, (Vice President), 
and other similar propaganda organizations. 

MARY A. JACOBSON (Mrs. Frederick C.)— Newark, (1074 
Broad Street) — Social Worker. Born at New York City, on Sep- 
tember 25th, 1S69; daughter of William T. and Mary (Shaw) 
Atkinson ; married at Newark, on November 16th, 1904 to Fred- 
erick Church Jacobson, son of AVilliam E. and Rebecca Jacob- 

Mary A. Jacobson's activities, outside of those of her home, are 
devoted particularly to the improvement of conditions m child life and 
to prison reforms. She had been Secretary for several years of the New 
Jersey Conference of Charities and Corrections when in 1009 she was 
elected President for the year. She is President of the Newark Public 
Bath Improvement Association, Chairman of the Executive Committee of 
the New Jersey State Board of Children's Guardian, a member of the 
Board of Trustees of the Essex County Parental School, a Director of 
the State Charities Aid and Prison Reform Association, a Director in the 
New Jersey Housing Association, and Chairman of the Curlian Relief 
Committee of the Newark Chapter American Red Cross. 

As Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Board of Children's 
Guardian all the work not requiring the full vote of the Board demands 
her attention ; and this relates not only to the dependent children's branch 
of the work but' to the widows pension work as well. The Board of 
Children's Guardian first came conspicuously into view when, some years 
ago, it was discovered that the Hudson county authorities were herdmg 
an enormous colony of little children with adult paupers, male and 
female, of the most depraved character, in the county Alms House; and 
a general excursion through the almshouses of the state resulted in the 
discovery that like conditions prevailed, only in less degree, in almost all 
the counties. 

The State Charities Aid Society through the late Mrs. Emily William- 
son and the now Mrs. H. Otto Wittpenn, interested itself ui the matter ; 
and the State Board of Children's Guardian was established with a spe- 
cial view, at the time, to the fhidiug of proper homes for the little de- 
pendents. Its functions have since been enlarged very much; and of 
late it has also undertaken the administration of the Widows Pension 
Fund. The function of the Public Bath Improvement Association is to 
see that sanitary and health laws and precautions against contagion are 
observed at the public baths; and the Association has also brought about 
the building m Newark of one of the most sanitary public bath houses in 
the United States. It is fitted with showers only, which the Association 
considers safest and most economical. Besides being President of this 

286 Janeway 

Association. Mrs. Jacobsou is a Director in tlie American Association for 
Promoting Hygiene and Public Batlis. 

Tlie Parental School of which Mrs. Jacobson is one of the Trustees 
was established by an act of the legislature of 1912 to provide and main- 
tain an institution for the detention of delinquents under eighteen and 
for the detention of those of tender years held as witnesses in the juvenile 
courts. The Court of Common Pleas appointed as Trustees, besides Mrs. 
Jacobson, Lathrop Anderson, Ex-Senator J. Henry Bacheller. Mrs. Sidney 
M. Colgate and Wilfred A. Manchee. The New Jersey Conference of Char- 
ities and Corrections was created to bring together, for effective co-opera- 
tive work, the men and women who are dealing at first hand with the 
problems of human affliction and distress. The object of the New Jersey 
Housing Commission is to improve liousmg conditions and to act as a 
clearing house of information for local Housing Committees. 

Mrs. Jacobson is of English and Irish Imeage, although her parents 
as well as their parents were born in this country. Her father and 
mother died when she was sixteen years of age and she was the oldest 
of nine children whom they left parentless. It devolved upon her conse- 
quently to become the mother of the household until she married. 

Mrs. Jacol>son was one of the three women named by Mayor Haussling 
to serve on the Newark City quarter-millenial Celebration Committee of 
100 ; and to her was entrusted the organization and charge of the Pageant 
House in which 400 volunteer women made al)out 1,000 costumes worn in 
the Masque that was a feature of the celeln-ation. The design and decora- 
tion of a few have been copied by organizations needing costumes of that 
type. Mrs. Jacobson organized the wardrobe work and saw that all the 
women who participated were dressed and ready to tit into their places 
in the Pageant show at Weequahic Lake without delay or confusion. 

Mrs. Jacobsou is also a meml)er of The Contemporary of Newark. 

JACOB J, JANEWAY— New Brunswick, (15)2 Livingston Ave.) 
— Manufacturer. Born in Middlesex county, March 15, 1S40 : sou 
of Dr. George J. and Matilda (Smith) Janeway: married at 
New Brmiswick. on November 20, ISTl. to Eliza A. Harrington, 
daughter of Henry L. and Sarah P. ( Blakeslee I Harrington, of 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Children : Henry H., born March 19, 1873 : George J., born Octo- 
ber 29, 1874 ; Emily Porter, born September 7, 1877 : Lucius Porter, 
born Jime 18, ISSl. 

Jacob J. Janeway is President of Janeway & Caritender. Inc.. manu- 
facturers of wall paper, at New Brunswick. During the War of the Re- 
bellion he served for nearly three years in the Union ranks. Having en- 
listed in the Fourteenth Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, he was appoint- 
ed and commissioned to be Captam of Company K, by Governor Olden of 
the State on August 2.3, 1862, and was shortly mustered into service. 



C)n September 19. 1S64, he was promoted to the rank of Major and was 
again advanced to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, December 13th of the 
same year. On April 2nd, 1S65, he was made Colonel by Brevet of the 
United States Volunteers "For Gallant and Meritorious Services before 
Petersburg, Ya." He was mustered out of service Jmie IS, 1S65. He had 
thus been an active participant in the battles for the preservation of the 
nation for two years and nine months. With the Regiment he took part 
in the following engagements : 

Manassas Gap, Va.. July 17, '63; Wappmg Heights, Va., July 24, '63; 
Culpepper, Va., Oct. 12, "63 ; Bristow Station, Va., Oct. 14, '63 ; Kelly's 
Ford, Va.. Nov. 7, '63 ; Brandy Station, Va., Nov. 8, '63 ; Locust Grove, Va., 
Nov. 27. "63 : Mine Run, Va., Nov. 29, '63 ; Wilderness, Va., May 4 to 7, 
'64 : Spottsylvania, Va., May 8 to 11, '64 ; Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 12 
to 14, '64 ; Po River, Va., May 15, '64 ; North Anna River, Va., May 23 to 24, 
'64; Hanover, C. H., Va., May 30 and 31, '64; Cold Harbor, Va., June 1 
to 10, '64; Bermuda Hundred, Va., June 14, "64; before Petersburg, Va., 
June 16 to 23, '64 ; Monocacy. Md.. July 9, '64 ; Snicker's Gap. Va., July 18, 
'64 ; Strasburg, Va., Aug. 15, "64 ; Charlestown, Va., Aug. 21, '64 ; Opequan. 
Va., Sept. 19, '64. In the battle at Opequan, Va., Major Peter Vredenburgh, 
commanding the Regiment, was killed and Captain Janeway took command 
retaining it until the close of the war. Under his command the Regiment 

took part in the following ad- 
ditional battles : Flint Hill. Va., 
Sept. 21, '64; Fisher's Hill, Va., 
Sept. 22, '64 ; Mount Jackson, 
Va., Sept. 25, '64 ; Cedar Creek, 
Va., Oct. 19, '64 ; Hatcher's Run, 
Va.. Feb. 5, '65 ; Fort Steadman, 
Va., March 25, '65 ; Capture of 
Petersburg, Va.. April 2, '65 ; 
Sailor's Creek, Va.. April 6, '65 ; 
Farmville, Va., April 7, '65 ; 
Lee's Surrender ( Appomattox, 
Va.) April 9. '65. 

Colonel Janeway's family is 
of English descent. William 
Janeway born in London, the 
first of the line of whom there 
is any record m this country, 
came to New York City in 1694. 
He was an officer in the Eng- 
lish Navy. He brought with him 
the Charter of the Parish of 
Trinity Church, New York — 
the greatest Episcopal parish in the United States. He bought of William 
Merret, Mayor of the City of New York. May 10, 1698. farm within the 
City, from near the City Hall to East River. Further in this ancestral 
Ime are Jacob Janeway, born 1707, who married Sarah Hoagland, Jmie 26, 
1738 ; George Janeway, born October 9, 1741, who married Effie Ten Eyck, 
December 13, 1767; and Rev. Jacob J. Janeway, D. D., born December, 

288 Jaueway 

1774, aud mai-ried to Martha Gray Leiper. April 17, 1804. George J. Jane- 
way, son of Rev. J. J. Janeway, aud father of Colonel Janeway, born ( )eto- 
ber 14, 1806, was a physician practicing in New Brunswick. 

Colonel Janeway was educated at the schools in New Brunswick, and 
became a student in Rutgers College in the class that graduated in iSfiO. 
After leavuag College he was a clerk in Schieftelm Brothers, Wholesale 
Drug Business, New York City. He entered the Army August 23- 1802, and 
remained to the close of the war. Then was with Janeway & Company in 
the wall paper business until 1872, when he formed a co-partnership with 
Charles J. Carpender and started manufacturing in a building which now 
is part of those occupied by Johnson & Johnson. Manufacturing Chemists. 
As the business grew the buildings were found to be too small and ground 
was purchased adjoining the Pennsylvania Railroad on Paterson, Schuyler 
and Church Streets. In 1884 a Ave story and basement building was built 
aud fully equipped and Janeway & Carpender became the largest manu- 
facturers of wall paper in the country. In 1889 Colonel Janeway bouglit 
out the interest of Charles J. Carpender and continued the business alone. 
In 1892 he sold out to the National AVall Paper Co., an organization which 
dissolved after eight years. Colonel Janeway then bought back the business 
and in 1900 incorporated mader the corporate name of Janeway & Carpen- 
der, and became President. In 1904 he took in his son, Lucius Porter 
Janeway, just graduated from Princeton College, who later became Vice- 
President; also in 191)7 Rev. Charles J. Scudder, a graduate of Rutgers 
College and Seminary, who married his daughter, Emily Porter Janeway, 
and who became Secretary soon after his connection with the company. 

In March, 1907, the factory builduigs were totally destroyed by fire. 
Colonel Janeway rebuilt on the present site across the river on land that 
would give ample room, about 000 feet square. The new buildings were 
started a short time after the fire and were built and the factory was 
running before the fire went out. The reason of this was that the fire 
smouldered for almost a year while, in four months from the time of start- 
ing to build, the plant was miming; by working two forces. night and day 
the Company was able to get out samples and do almost the normal business 
that year. The buildings they now occupy constitute the largest individual 
wall paper factory m the country, and also afford plenty of room for 
growth. With the addition of branch houses at 520-526 Canal Street, Chi- 
cago, 111., and 23 North 10th Street, Philadelphia, Pa., they can carry suf- 
ficient stock to supply promptly all the wants of their customers scattered 
throughout the country. 

Colonel Janeway's oldest son, Henry H. Janeway, is a Surgeon practic- 
ing in New York City and is an Attending Surgeon of the Memorial Hos- 
pital, 106th Street and Central Park, West, New York City, specializing 
on the use of radium. His son George J. Janeway graduated from Prince- 
ton Seminary but on accovmt of ill health has no charge. Both these sons 
are graduates of Rutgers College. 

Colonel Janeway's club and society memberships are with the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State 
of Pennsylvania, and the New Brmiswick Country Club. He is Treasurer 
and Trustee of the Francis E. Parker Memorial Home, Treasurer for the 

Jefferys 289 

Corporation for the Relief of Poor Children, and Director of the Children's 
Home in New Brunswick. 

JA3IES N. JARVIE— Montclair, (150 Upper Moutclair Avenue.) 
— Coffee Merchant. Born in Manchester, England, on December 
13th, 1853; son of William and Isabella (Newbegin) Jarvie ; mar- 
ried at Bloomfield, on August 28, 1909, to Helen Vauderveer New- 
ton, daughter of John and Emma (Westervelt) Newton, of Bloom- 

James N. Jarvie, for many years a world leader among sugar refiners 
and coffee importers, came, when less then two years old, to this country 
with his parents and has lived in Montclair since 1904. His father was born 
in Perth, Scotland ; his mother in Bellford, Northumberlandshire, England. 
He retired in 1906 from the firm of Arbuckle Bros., who are engaged in the 
sugar refining and coffee importing busmess and along other mercantile 
lines, and with which he had been associated. He has been coimected 
at different times with The Mutual Life Insurance Company, Guaranty 
Trust Company, Central Trust Company, National Bank of Commerce, Bank 
of America, New York Mutual Gas Light Company of New York, and the 
Southern Pacific Company, and is a Trustee of The London Assurance Cor- 

Mr. Jarvie is a member of the Presbyterian Board of Home Missions, 
and has been connected with the Westminster Presbyterian Church of 
Bloomfield since its inception. As a memorial to his father and mother, 
he gave, luider the management of its Trustees, a Public Library for the 
town of Bloomfield' in 1901. It has something like over twenty thousand 
books on its shelves, and a circulation of between forty and fifty thousand 
per annum. In 1917 he offered, to the Church's Board of Trustees, to pur- 
chase the property of the late William H. White adjoming the church 
grounds on Franklin Street and to erect upon it a parsonage to be known 
as "Helen's Manse", in memory of his wife. He had previously given the 
church a Sunday school and library building, known as Jarvie Memorial 
Hall, as a tribute to his parents. And he has just given $100,000 toward the 
new School of Dentistry connected with Columbia University as a memorial 
to his brother. Dr. William Jarvie. 

Mr. Jarvie is a member of the Metropolitan Club, New York Yacht 
Club, Down Town Association, Jekyl Island Club, Robins Island Club, Mont- 
clair Club, Montclair Art Association, Glen Ridge Golf Club, The Metro- 
politan Museum of Art, and various other Associations. 

UPTON SAGER JEFFERYS — Camden. — Editor. Born at 
Trenton, April 14, 1864; son of the Rev. William H. and Beulah 

290 Jefferys 

Clayton (Turner) Jefferys; married at Crestmont, Pa., December 
16, 1914, to Mary Francis Pieper. 

Upton S. Jefferys is a South Jersey publicist. His father was a mem- 
ber of the New Jersey M. E. Conference and served as pastor of its leading 
churches. His ancestry runs back to the New Jersey Colonial period. One 
of his fore-bears on his father's side was among the earliest settlers of Con- 
necticut Farms, then a part of Essex county, bvit now of Union. His ma- 
ternal ancestors were early land owners m Gloucester eoimty. He was 
educated m the public schools of Camden and Gloucester county and in a 
private school in Camden. 

Mr. Jefferys has been engaged in newspaper work all of his life. Hav- 
ing learned the printer's trade, he became a reporter for Camden and Phila- 
delphia dailies, published a daily and subsequently a weekly newspaper in 

Camden, was New Jersey editor 
of the "Philadelphia Inquirer" 
for nine years, and since 1900 
has been editor of the "Camden 
Post-Telegram", the leading 
daily Republican newspaper in 
the south part <»f the State. 

Interested, and a factor, in 
Republican politics, he was, 
when the late Senator William 
J. Bradley of Camden was 
Speaker of the House, his Sec- 
retary for two terms. He sub- 
sequently became Assistant 
Clerk of the House of Assem- 
bly, serving several terms, and 
was elected Clerk of the House 
in 1912 and again in 1915-1916- 
1917. In 1913 and 1914, during 
the legislative sessions, he con- 
ducted the Republican State 
Committee's publicity work, and 
he assisted in Governor Walter 
E. Edge's publicity campaign, in 1916. 

Mr. Jeft"erys was for sixteen years connected with the National Guard 
of the State. He has taken an active part in public movements, especially 
social welfare work. Largely through his efforts the playground movement 
was established on a permanent basis in Camden and he was the first Presi- 
dent of the Board of Playground Commissioners, appointed by the Mayor. 
He assisted in preparing a revision of the playground laws of the State. 

When a state of war with Germany was declared, Mr. Jefferys was ap- 
pomted a member of the Committee of Public Safety of Camden, was made 
Chairman of the Publicity Committee and served in the Executive 

Mr. Jefferys is a member and ex -President of the New Jersey Legis- 
lative Correspondents Club and a member of the New Jersey Press Associ- 

Johnson 291 

ation. the Camden Republican Club, the Young Men's Reimblican Club of 
the Second Ward, Camden and of Camden Lodge, No. 293, B. P. O. E., and 
Camden Y. M. C. A. 

RICHARD C. JENKINSON— Newark.— Manufacturer. Born in 
Newark, April 14, 1833; son of George Bestall and Jane (Stringer) 
Jenkinson ; married at Newark, December 21, 1876, to Emily 
Pendleton Coe, daughter of George Tillers and Mary (Blair) 

Children : Louise Emily, born Jime 10, 1878 ; Charlotte M., born 
April 14, 1880; Margaret Blair, born February 8, 1882. 

Richard C. Jenkinson's father was a manufacturer of trunks, bags and 
leather goods in Newark, and was President of the Newark Electric Com- 
pany and Vice President of the Newark Gas Company. 

Mr. Jenkmsou was educated in the public schools of Newark, and, 
having graduated from high school, pursued a course of instruction in 
German and French under private tutors. Five years later he went abroad 
for the larger information travel would bring to him. In 1869 he engaged 
in the wholesale dry goods commission business m New York City. In 1876 
he started in the business of manufacturing metal goods and hardware 
and is still engaged in that line. 

Mr. Jenkinson is a republican, and the city convention of that party 
in 1900, nominated him for Mayor. The city was at that time of demo- 
cratic leaning, but, in spite of his defeat, Mr. Jenkmson made an agreeable 
showing at the polls. He has since been solicited to permit the use of his 
name in connection with other nominations but has steadily declined. At 
the same time he is deeply interested in the public and civic affairs of 
Newark, and scarce a citizens' movement is imdertaken without his parti- 
cipation. His last connection was with the Committee of 100 that arranged 
and conducted the six months celebration of Newark's 250th Anniversary. 

Mr. Jenkinson's club memberships are with the LTnion League, the 
Republican and the Lotos Clubs of New York and the Essex Club of 

WILLIS FLETCHER JOHNSON— New Providence. (Firleigh 
Hall.) — Editor, Author and Publicist. Born in New York, on 
October 7th, 1857; son of William and Alathea Augusta (Coles) 
Johnson ; married at Tuckertou, in 1878, to Sue Rockhill, daughter 
of Captain and Mrs. Z. Rockhill, of Tuckerton. 

A few weeks after his birth the family of Willis Fletcher Jolmson re- 
moved to a large estate at New Providence where it has since been settled. 
Dr. Johnson began his education at home under his father, a man of high 
attainments ; later attended the Ladd School at Summit, near his home, 
and also Pennington Seminary, where he was graduated with high honors. 
He was next matriculated at New York University and remained there for 
some time. but. owing to impaired health, left before the completion of his 



course. In 1876 lie was the Centennial Fourth of July orator at a great 
union celebration lielcl by a number of towns in Burlington and Ocean 
counties, and for a time thereafter was principal of a public school at 
Tucker ton. 

Soon after his marriage to Miss Rockhill, who is a relative of the late 
Ambassador to Russia. William Woodville Kockhill. Dr. Johnson began 
work as a lecturer, and also as a journalist, his first writing having been 
done for the Toms River "Courier." In 1879 he was for a time city editor 

of the "New York Daily AVit- 
ness," and early in 1880 he be- 
came a member of the editorial 
statf of the "New York Tri- 
bune." l)eing now its literary edi- 
tor and the senior member of the 

During the administration of 
President Arthur he became 
deei)ly interested in civil service 
reform. an<l has since been an 
earnest advocate of the merit 
system, and a frecjuent writer 
and speaker upon it. He has al- 
so concerned himself with civic 
affairs. He was one of the fomi- 
ders and first President of the 
Republican Club of New Provi- 
dence township, and has fre- 
quently been a speaker in politi- 
cal campaigns. 

He has written and published 
a number of books, chiefly bi- 
ographical and historical. In 
1903 he published "A Century of Expansion," which is recognized as the 
standard treatise on the territorial growth of the United States and its con- 
stitutional, diplomatic and political results. In 1904 Dr. Johnson accom- 
panied Secretary Taft on a visit to Panama, and later published "Four 
Centuries of the Panama Canal," which has been republished in other 
countries and is accepted as the authoritative history of the isthmian canal 
enterprise. In 1916 he published his magnum opus, "America's Foreign 
Relations" ; a two-volume history of the foreign relations of the United 
States from the earliest times to the present, which has been generally ac- 
cepted in America and Europe as the authoritative and standard work 
upon that subject. In 1917 appeared his "America and the Great War for 

For many years Dr. Johnson has been actively interested in educa- 
tional affairs. He was one of the organizers and President of the Board 
of Trustees of the Priscilla Braislin School for Girls, at Bordentown. For 
a number of years he was President of the Board of Trustees of Penning- 
ton Seminary, and is a member of the Council of New York University. 
For thirty years he has been a popular lecturer, <lelivering many occasional 

Johnson 293 

lectures and orations, as well as educational addresses at Pennington Semi- 
nary, the Lawrenceville School, the Priscilla Braislm School, the Bordeu- 
town Military Institute, and the public schools of Newark, Jersey City, 
Hobokeu, Bayonue and other places in this State. He has also been in 
demand as a lecturer m New York, Washington and other cities, and at 
New York University, Wesleyan University, Dickinson College, Amherst 
College and elsewhere, and since 1903 has been one of the staff lecturers of 
the New York City Board of Education. In 1914 he was elected Honorary 
Professor of the History of Foreign Relations in New York University. In 
recognition of his literary and scholastic attainments, he has received from 
New York University the honorary degree of Master of Letters, (L. H. M.) 
and from Dickinson College the degrees of Master of Arts (M. A.) and 
Doctor of Humane Letters (L. H. D.) 

Dr. Johnson has always been an earnest organization republican, and 
has frequently been invited to be a candidate for elective or appointive 
office, but invariably declined until the Spring of 190S, when, on May 8, 
he was appointed by Governor Fort a member of the State Civil Service 
Commission, which had just been created by act of Legislature. Upon 
the organization of the Commission he was elected its President, and he 
was retained in that position, by successive re-elections at the hands of his 
colleagues, durmg the four years of his service. He retired from the 
Commission in May, 1912. 

Dr. Johnson is descended from a cousin of Samuel Johnson, the famous 
Lexicographer, and from the English families of May, Fletcher, Coles and 
Reeves, and the French family of Paschal. His books besides those already 
referred to include "Colonel Henry Ludington, a Memoir," "Parsifal and the 
Holy Grail," "An American Statesman, Life and Works of J. G. Blaine," 
"Life of General Sherman," "Stanley's Adventures in Africa," and "A Poli- 
tical and Governmental History of the State of New York," in five volumes, 
octavo, now m coiii'se of preparation. 

Dr. Johnson is a member and lay preacher of the Methodist Episcopal 

WILLIAM M. JOHNSON— Hackensack, (Main Street.)— Lawyer. 
Born in Newton, (Sussex Co.,) December 2nd, 1S47 ; son of Whit- 
field S. Johnson and Ellen Green ; married on October 22, 1872, to 
Maria E. White, daughter of William and Hannah (Haines) 

Children: George W., born July 25, 1877; William Kempton, 
born February, 1883. 

William M. Johnson, was First Assistant Post Master General under 
President McKinley. For years previously he had been a leading member 
of the New Jersey State Senate. 

The Johnson family name has appeared conspicuously in the records 
of the past. Senator Johnson's great grandfather. Capt. Henry Johnson, 
was an officer in the Revolutionary War. His father, Whitfield S. John- 
son, a prominent lawyer of Newton, was Secretary of State of New Jersey 
from 1861 to 1866. The functions of that office demanded Secretary John- 



son's presence at tlie State Capitol, and he made his home tliere after his 
appointment. William M. graduated from Princeton in 1867 ; and. admitted 
to the New Jersey bar iia ISTO, practiced in Trenton till 1875. when he re- 
moved to Hackensack where he became a busy and successful lawyer. 

Mr. Johnson was soon active in politics ; and in 1881 was designated 
as the Bergen coimty member of the Republican State Committee. The State 
Conventions of 1888 and 1904 named him as a delegate to the Republican 
National Conventions of those years. His election to the State Senate in 
1895 is memorable in Bergen comity annals because he was the first repub- 
lican that county had ever sent to the Upper House of the State Legisla- 
ture. Re-elected in 1898, he became leader of the party, and in 1900 was 
chosen President of the Senate. When, in the summer of 1900. Gov. Voor- 
hees made a trip across the sea. President Johnson became Acting Gover- 
nor, by virtue of his office. All of the legislative work of the sessions, when 
Senator Johnson was in the Senate, bears the impress of his suggestion and 

judgment. He was particularly 
active in guarding the State 
treasury against improvident 
raids ; and he first suggested 
legislation for the elimination 
of the grade crossings of the 
railroads. One act offered by 
him and the discussions it 
aroused drew public attention 
to the subject, and opened the 
door to the remedial legislation 
that has since been perfected. 

In 1900 President McKinley 
invited him to accept the post 
of First Assistant Post Master 
General of the United States, 
and Senator Johnson undertook 
the labors of the office. One of 
his achievements was the build- 
ing of the Rural Free Delivery 
Service, then in its infancy, in- 
to a robust branch of the Post 
Office Department. Ill health 
comi)elled him to resign the of- 
fice in 1902. The nomuiation for Governor, which was drifting to him in 
1907 without opposition, would have been equivalent to his election, if 
Mr. Johnson's health had permitted its acceptance. His not over-robust 
constitution accomits, too, for his refusal of judicial honors afterwards 
tendered to him. 

He was appomted by the Chancellor in 1913 as one of the appraisers 
to ascertain the value of the stock of the Prudential Life Insurance Com- 
pany. This important work involving millions of dollars in value was car- 
ried to a successful completion and the mutualization of the Company be- 
came effective on the basis of the valuation as fixed by the appraisers. 

Senator Johnson has taken a deep interest in the life of the town in 

Joline 295 

which he makes his home, and directed some of his energies to its develop- 
ment. In 1901 lie erected, and gave to Hackensack, a handsome public 
library buildmg, fully equipped, which was designated by the town author- 
ities as the "Johnson Public Library" ; and in 1915 he had erected an ex- 
tensive addition to the building, making it complete and well adapted to 
the uses of the town. He is Vice President of the Hackensack Hospital ; 
and another of his public benefactions is the Home for Nurses of the 
Hackensack Hospital, a handsome and commodious building of fire-proof 
construction, erected m 1^:16. To the Second Reformed Church, of which 
he has been an officer for many years, he donated a handsome organ. lu 
Jmie of 1916 the citizens of Hackensack tendered him a pulilic dinner in re- 
cognition of the many helpful things he had done for the town. 

Senator Johnson is President of the Hackensack Trust Company and 
Director of the Hackensack National Bank and of other local corpora- 
tions. He has for a number of years been a director of the Mutual Benefit 
Life Insurance Company of Newark ; is a Director of the General Chemical 
Co., the American Graphophone Company, and the Hackensack Water 
Company, and a member of the Washington Association, the New Jersey 
Historical Society, the Bergen County Historical Society, and the New 
Jersey Bar Association of which he was President in 1912. 

Some of Senator Johnson's clubs are the Lawyers (N. Y.), The Hacken- 
sack Golf, The Areola Country and The Oritani Field. 

CHARLES VAN DYKE JOLINE— Merchantville.— Lawyer. Born 
at Princeton. August 7. 1S51 ; son of John Van Dyke Jolme and 

Alice Ann (Voorhees) Jo- 
line ; married at Camden, 
December 18, 1878, to Lucie 
Thomas Cooper, daughter 
of William Wood and Anna 
Campion Cooper. 

Children : Alice Voorhees, 
born November 27, 1879; 
Constance Cooper, born Apr. 
15, 1881. 

Mr. Joline was educated at 
the Trenton Academy and the 
State Model School, Trenton. He 
went thence to Princeton College 
where he was graduated in the 
class of 1871. He read law in 
the office of Peter L. A'oorhees. 
at Camden, and was admitteil 
to the bar as an attorney at the 
June term of the Supreme Court 
in 1874 and as a counselor at 
the June term 1877. 
In 1896 he was appointed 
Judge of the Camden City District Court by Gov. Griggs, and reappointed 

296 Kahn 

in 1901 by Gov. A'oorhees. In 1902 he was apiiointed Judge of the Camden 
Coimty Court of Common Pleas by Gov. Murphy and reappointed in 1907 by 
Gov. Stokes. He served till the beginning of April. 1912. He is now prac- 
ticing law at 110 Market Street, Camden. 

Mr. Joliue is a member of the Manufacturers and Princeton Clubs of 
Philadelphia, Pa., and of the Nassau Club of Princeton. He is one of the 
State Board Examiners and a member of the Board of Education of Mer- 

OTTO HERMANN KAHN — Muiristown. — Banker. Boru at 
Mannheim, Germany, on February 21, 1867 ; son of Bernhard and 
Emma (Eberstadt) Kahn: married in 1S96 to Addie Wolff, daugh- 
ter of Abraham Wolff" of New York. 

Otto H. Kalm is of the New York City banking tirni of Kuhu Loeb & 
-Co. A citizen at dift"erent periods of his life of three nations, he is well 
informed on international topics and relations. And he has been as con- 
spicuous in the art life of two worlds. 

Mr. Kahn brings his artistic temperment from his home in Germany. 
He was one of the eight children of a prosperous banker whose house was 
a center for artists, musicians, singers, sculptors and writers. Young 
Otto's earliest ambition was to be a musician, and even before graduation he 
had learned to play several instruments. His father allowed one of the 
hoys to become Professor of Music at the Royal Academy in Berlin, but 
had other plans for Otto ; and when the boy was seventeen years old he was 
placed in a bank at Karlsruhe. His next step was to enter the London 
Agency of the Deutsche Bank, and there he displayed talents that promoted 
him to second in command. His admiration of the mode of life, 
political and social, led him to renounce his German citizenship, and he was 
naturalized as an English subject. His energies attracted the notice of the 
Speyers of London and they offered him a position in their New York 

Mr. Kahn came to the United States in 1893 with the intention of 
remaining here only temporarily but his task and the people here so in- 
terested him that, though he was off"ered a seat in the British Parliament, he 
concluded to make his permanent home m this country. In March of 1917, 
Mr. Kahn applied to the courts at Morristown for papers of naturalization 
as an American citizen. "In view of recent developments." he explained, 
"I feel it my duty now formally to assume the ol>ligations and duties of citi- 
zenship in this comitry, in which I have worked and lived these many 
years and expect to live permanently, in which my children were born and 
expect to live, and to which I have become deeply attached." 

Miss Wolff, his wife, was the daughter of one of the upbuilders of 
Kuhn Loeb & Co. ; and soon after his marriage to her he was admitted to 
the partnership. He became the intimate of E. H. Harriman and was his 
right hand man in the task of reorganizing the Union Pacific, which work 
in its earlier stages had been handled Iiy Jacob H. Schiff, the head of the 
firm. Other systems which have been treated bv him are the Union Pa- 

Kalisch 297 

cilic, the Baltimore and Ohio, the Missouri Pacific, the Wabash Chicago 
and Eastern Illinois, and the Texas Pacific. His rescue from collapse of the 
famous Pearson & Farquhar Syndicate, \Yhich had over-extended itself in 
a daring attempt to weld together a transcontinental system out of a com- 
bmation of existing lines controlled by powerful mterests, and the admis- 
sion to the Parish Bourse of $50,000,000 Pennsylvania railroad bonds — the 
first official listing of an American security in Paris — were other notable 
exploits of his. 

The most shining of Mr. Kahn's artistic enterprises was the re- 
organization of the Metropolitan Opera Company. He overhauled it from 
top to bottom, purging it of dead wood, introducing valuable reforms, in- 
fusing new life into it and setting up artistic achievement as its goal in 
place of mere monetary success, and has besides provided opera of the high- 
est quality for other leading American cities. In addition to being Chairman 
of the Metropolitan Opera Company, he was Chairman of the Century Opera 
Company, a popular price enterprise. Treasurer of the New Theatre, de- 
signed to supply wholesome plays at moderate prices. Vice President and the 
principal founder of the Chicago Grand Opera Company, Director of the 
Boston Opera Company, and one of the founders of the French Theatre. 
He is also Honorary Director of the Royal Opera, Covent Garden London, 
and equally laiown in French operatic circles. 

Mr. Kahn is devoted to riding, automg, golfmg, sailing and a master 
of the 'cello. He came to Morristown in 1900 and has an estate in the 
Normandie Park section. He is a Director in the Equitable Trust Co., the 
Union Pacific Railroad Co., the Oregon Short Line Railroad Co. and the 
Morristown Trust Co. 

Mr. Kaliu's New York home is at 8 East 58th Street. 

SAMUEL KALISCH— Newark, (738 Broad Street.)— Jurist. Born 
in Cleveland, Ohio, April 18, 1851 ; son of Isidor Kalisch and 
Charlotte Bandman Kalisch ; married at Newark, April 26, 1877, to 
Caroline E. Baldwin, daughter of Joseph and Louise Baldwin, of 

Samuel Kalisch is now an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of 
the state of New Jersey. His father and grandfather were noted Rabbis of 
the Duchy of Posen, in Prussia. His father, who was born in Krotoschin, 
in 1816, was remarkable for his Talmudical and Hebrew learning even in 
his ninth year, and became widely known as a scholar, philologist and 
author. One of his popular songs, dedicated to the Prince of Prussia, was 
accepted by the Prince, afterwards the Great Emperor William I, in a note 
to Dr. Kalisch, signed by "Prinz von Preussen." Later, he was conspicuous 
in the reform movement, designed to root out useless ceremonies, customs 
and rites of the Jewish service, which that element regarded as the idolatry 
of the orthodox service. He was chiefly instrumental in briagmg about 
the first Conference of the Rabbis held iu Cleveland, 1855 and, to promote 
the propaganda, he preached all over the country with great effective- 



The family liacl settled in Cleveland when Samuel Kalisch was born. 
The future jurist, inbued with the scholastic atmosphere of his father's 
home, was proficient at twelve in Greek and Latin. He attended the public 
schools at Lawrence, Mass., and Detroit, Mich., and pursued his law 
studies in the Columbia Law School. Graduating from there with the 
L. L. B. degree, he entered the office of the late William B. Guild, Jr., and 
studied there until his admission to the Bar at the February term, 1871 ; 
three years later he was made counselor. 

Opening an oflSce in New^ark, he rose rapidly to recognition and was 
retained to act as counsel for the defendant in a number of sensational 
cases heard in the crimmal courts of Essex county. He was the first lawyer 
in New Jersey to obtam the release of a convict from a state prison upon a 
habeas corpus writ ; and his success in winning acquittals, and reducing 
murder charges to manslaughter and assault and battery verdicts gave 

him state-wide reputation as a 
criminal lawyer. 

Subsequently he devoted him- 
self almost exclusively to civil 
practice, and gained quite as 
wide a celebrity iu that field. He 
was made City Attorney of New- 
ark in ISTo ; and in 18T7-'79 
served as counsel for the Amer- 
ican Protective Association. Re- 
fusing retainers from the corpo- 
rations, he preferred to act as 
the advocate of the labor organ- 
izations, and appeared .for them 
m several important litigations. 
His station pointed him out to 
the political workers as one who 
might be of public service ; and 
in 1879 he was named on the 
democratic ticket for the House 
of Assembly. The district was a 
republican one, but his defeat 
was only by a narrow margin. 
In 1899 and 1902 he was again 
called by his party to serve as its candidate for the state Senate; but the 
county being republican at the time he could do nothuig more for the party 
than reduce the majority against it. 

In 1911 Associate Justice Alfred Reed's term on the Supreme Court 
Bench expired, and Governor Woodrow Wilson nominated Mr. Kalisch to 
the Senate as Reed's successor. The conference of the Justices as to the as- 
signments the new appointment made advisable, resulted in Justice Kalisch's 
going to the Judicial Circuit embracing the counties of Atlantic, Cape May, 
Cumberland and Salem. 

For years the state had been rife with stories of corruption iu Atlantic 
coimty. It was reported, and widely believed, that a coterie of local republi- 
can politicians had leagued themselves to strip the people there of their 


Katzeubacli 299 

substance, and that the grand juries, selected by the Sheriffs whom the 
coterie was said to have named, refused to indict the malefactors. When 
Justice Kalisch appeared upon the Bench of the Atlantic courts to open the 
June term, he was faced by a Grand Jury selected by the then Sheriff, 
An examination of the grand jury list convinced him that the jurors had 
been "hand picked" ; and it was generally understood that charges of 
oflScial corrvxption in the county w^ould get slight attention at the hands of 
the inquest. Examining the returns, Justice Kalisch discovered indica- 
tions that the fmiction of drawing the panel had not been in accordance 
with the law. He peremptorily disqualified the Sheriff, and named two 
Elisors to draw another panel. The state had never heard of an Elisor be- 
fore. Justice Kalisch had always had a predilection or ancient lore ; and 
he had come across Elisors m one of the hundred-year-old statutes that had 
fallen under his eye. 

The Sheriff and the influences behind him protested against his de- 
position by this antiquated legislation, but without avail. The Elisor in- 
quest indicted a large number of Atlantic City and county officials. Many 
of those who stood trial were convicted of fravid of one kmd or another 
against the public ; others, however, mitigated the penalties by pleading 
guilty on arraignment. 

Justice Kalisch has written a number of poems, essays, sketches of 
travel and other miscellanies, and is the author of a Memorial of Dr. 
Kalisch's father. Some articles of his on "Legal Abuses" are said to have 
been partly mstrumental in establishing the district court system. He is a 
member of the American Bar Association, and New Jersey State Bar Asso- 
ciation of which latter he was President in 1909, and a member of the New 
Jersey Historical Society, of the Society of Medical Jurisprudence of New 
York, of the Grolier Club, of the American Academy of Political and Social 
Science, and of the New York Press Club and a thirty-second degree 


FRANK S. KATZENBACH, Jr.— Trenton.— Lawyer. Born at 
Trenton, on November 5, 1868 ; son of Frank S. and Augusta M. 
(Mushback) Katzenbach ; married at Wyncote, Pa., on November 
10th, 1904, to Natalie McNeal Grubb, daughter of Andrew H. 

Children : Floy McNeal, born September 22, 1905 ; Frank S. Ill, 
born June 5, 1907. 

Frank S. Katzenbach was at one time the democratic candidate for 
Governor of the State, and for a day after the election was believed to have 
won. Belated returns from Camden that reached the newspapers on the 
night of the day following the election showed however that Supreme Court 
Justice Fort of Newark had captured the office by a very much reduced ma- 
jority. At the Convention which in 1910 nominated Woodrow Wilson for 
Governor, Mr. Katzenbach made an imposing demonstration as his rival 
for a second nomination. Mr. Katzenbach had been active politically in 
Trenton for some time before, and his strength as a democrat in a county 

300 Kean 

so uniformly republican had given him the prominence that put him to the 
front for the important State office. 

In his professional field Mr. Katzeubach acted as Coimsel for the E. I. 
du Pont de Nemours Powder Company in litigations instituted against that 
company through the instrumentality of the Buckeye Powder Company in 
1914, for violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust law. The trial of the case 
consumed more than five months of the time of the United States District 
Court for the District of New Jersey, and resulted m favor of the du Pont 

Mr. Katzeubach's genealogy is written into the records in the Sons of 
the Revolution. His father was for many years proprietor of the Trenton 
House and the personal friend of every public man of whatever party in 
the state. He was a descendant of Peter Katzenbach who came from 
Germany. Mark Thompson, a Colonel in the Revolutionary Army, was one 
1 f his mother's forebears. 

Mr. Katzenbach has spent his entire life in Trenton. He entered the 
Model School in that city at the age of six, and, graduatmg at the age of 
eighteen, entered Princeton University. He graduated from there in 1889 
and prepared for the Bar at Columbia University. He was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney in 1892 and given his counselor papers three years later. 
He was elected Alderman-at-large of the city of Trenton in April, 1898. 
Three years later he was elected Mayor ; and, re-elected in 1903, served un- 
til 1905. It was the Democratic State Convention of 1907 that gave him its 
nomination for Governor. In the campaign before, the Republicans had 
elected Stokes by over .50,000 majority ; Mr. Katzenbach was defeated by 
only a trifle over 8,000. 

Mr. Katzenbach is a Trustee of the School of Industrial Arts at Tren- 
ton, a Director of the Trenton Banking Company and a member of the 
Trenton Country Club and Princeton Club of Trenton. 

HAMILTON F. KEAN— Elizabeth.— Banker. Born at Ursino, 

V the ancestral estate near Elizabeth, on February 27th, 1862 ; son 

of John and Lucy (Halsted) Kean; married on Jvme 12, 1888, to 

Katherine Taylor Winthrop, daughter of Robert W. and Kate 

Wilson (Taylor) Winthrop. 

The Kean family has been for generations one of the noted in the 
country. The late Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State mider President U. S. 
Grant, is of the same stock ; and the family has mter-wedded with that of 
which ex-President Theodore Roosevelt is a member. 

The first John Kean was a delegate from South Carolina to the Con- 
tinental Congress ; and Ursino, the Kean homestead, just outside of Eliza- 
beth, was a storm-centre during the Revolution. Its experiences in those 
times that troubled men's souls, have furnished material for many a spec- 
tacular war story. It was the scene, when Freedom had been won, of the 
marriage of John Jay, famous in the annals of national jurisprudence ; and 
Alex Hamilton, the first Secretary of the Treasury of the United States who 

Keasbey 301 

fell at Burr's liauds on Weeliawken Heights, lived there with Gov. Living- 
ston and went to school in Elizabeth. 

John Kean, father of Hamilton F., was a large figure in the railroad 
life of the country. He was an original stockholder in the old Camden and 
Amboy Railroad Company, the first railroad built in the state, now part of 
the Pennsylvania system ; and he was one of the builders of the New Jersey 
Central Railroad. Later on, he became the President of the Jersey Central 
Company. One of his daughters married George L. Rives, known widely 
in the literary world ; and another was wedded to W. Emlen Roosevelt, 
cousin of Theodore Roosevelt. John Kean, w^ho represented New Jersey in 
the United States Senate for the twelve years between 1899 and 1911, was 
one of his sons. 

Hamilton F. was educated at St. Pauls school in Concord and went in- 
to business as a banker. He is of the firm of Kean, Taylor & Co., 5 Nas- 
sau Street, New York. 

Mr. Kean was for some years Chairman of the Union County Republi- 
can Committee ; was a frequent delegate to the Republican state conven- 
tions for the nomination of candidates for Governor and served as delegate 
to several Republican National Conventions for the selection of Presidential 

Mr. Kean is a director of the Bank of Perth Amboy, Hackensack 
Water Co., National State Bank of Elizabeth, North American Exploration 
Co., Pocahontas Consolidated Collieries Co., the Rahway Gas Light Co., 
and the West Hudson County Trust Co., (Harrison). 

His club memberships are with the Union, Knickerbocker, Metropoli- 
tan, Midday, St. Anthony and Down Town Clubs in New York, and with 
the Athletic, Riding and Metropolitan Clubs of Washington, D. C. 


EDWARD QUINTON KEASBEY— Morristown.— Lawyer. Born 
at Salem, July 27th, 1849; son of Anthony Q. and Elizabeth (Mil- 
ler) Keasbey; married on October 22, 1885, to Elizabeth G. Darcy, 
daughter of Henry G. and Anne McKenzie Darcy, of Newark. 

The father of Edward Q. Keasbey was for many years United States 
District Attorney for New Jersey ; and his mother was a daughter of Jacob 
W. Miller, who was United States Senator for New Jersey from 1841 to 

Mr. Keasbey is a graduate of Princeton College and of the Harvard 
Law School. He was admitted to the Bar of New Jersey as attorney in 
June, 1872, and as counselor in Jmie, 1875, and entered at once into active 
practice in Newark. He was associated with his father mitil the death of 
the elder Mr. Keasbey in 1895 ; and Edward Q. and George M. Keasbey are 
still carrying on the business of A. Q. Keasbey & Sous. 

He served in the legislature of New Jersey in 1884-"85. He was a 
United States Commissioner and Special Master m Chancery. In 1904 he 
was a delegate to the Universal Congress of Lawyers and Jurists held at 
St. Louis. He is a member of the American Bar Association, and in 1916-'17 
was a Vice President of the New Jersey State Bar Association. From 1879 



to 1SS5 he was editor of the "New Jersey Law Journal," and he has con- 
tributed legal essays to the Harvard, Yale and Columbia law reviews. He 
is also the author of the first two volumes of "The Courts and Lawyers of 
New Jersey," published in 1912. 

Mr. Keasbey is a Director of the North American Company, The Lam- 
son Company, the Kearny Laud Company, the Lake Superior Consolidated 
Iron Mines and other corporations, a Trustee of the Howard Savings Insti- 
tution and of the Hospital of St. Barnabas (Episcopal) Fund in Newark 
and a member of the Board of Trustees of the Episcopal Fund of the Diocese 
of Newark. 

His club connections are with the Essex of Newark, the Morris County 
Golf, and the Morristown. 

BRUCE SMITH KEATOR— Asbury Park.— Physician and Sur- 
geon. Born in Roxbury, N. Y., June 26, 1854 ; son of Abram J. and 
Ruth (Frisbee) Keator; married at Asbury Park, on October 
23, 1S95, to Harriet Scudder, daughter of the Rev. Ezekiel Scudder, 
a noted Missionary m India, and Ruth (Tracy) Scudder. 

Children : Dr. and Mrs. Keator have one daughter, Ruth Scudder 
Frisbee Keator, born December 15th, 1S96. 

Bruce S. Keator has qualified by examination or otherwise, and has 
been certified, to practice medicine and surgery in the States of New Jersey, 

New York, Pennsylvania, Ver- 
mont, Illinois, Missouri, Colo- 
rado, Oregon and California. He 
graduated at Williston Semin- 
ary, Easthampton, Mass., in 
1875, where he took the first 
and second prizes in oratory, and 
was a member of Delphi Socie- 
ty. He received the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts at Yale Uni- 
versity in the class of 1879. He 
was captain of his class crew, 
rowed in the Yale-Harvard 'Var- 
sity crew in 1878 and was elect- 
ed to Psi Upsilon Fraternity, 
and to the Scroll and Key Senior 
Society. He received the degree 
of Doctor of Medicme at the 
Long Island College Hospital, 
Brooklyn, N. Y., in 1881, and 
graduated the same year as vale- 
dictorian of his class at the 
New York Homeopathic Medical College. He located in Asbury Park, and 
began the practice of medicine and surgery. 

He served various terms as member of Common Council of Asbury 

Kelsey 303 

Park, Councilman-at-Large, President of the Public Grounds Commission, 
President of the Common Coimeil and as Mayor of the City. He was 
elected and for eight consecutive years served as President of the Board 
of Trade of Asbury Park. He was appointed by Gov. Murphy in 1903 Com- 
missioner of the New Jersey State Reformatory and was reappointed at the 
expiration of the term. He later resigned this position in May, 1908, to 
accept appointment by Gov. Fort, as Executive Secretary and head of the 
State Board of Health. On July 13, 1912, he was appointed by Gov. Wilson 
as a member of the New Jersey Convict Labor Commission. Gov. Wilson 
also appouited Dr. Keator as a delegate to the meeting of the American 
Prison Association held in Baltimore, Md., November 9 — 14, 1912. 

Dr. Keator is a member of the New Jersey State Sanitary Association, 
of the American Public Health Association, of the National Association for 
the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis and of the National Association of 
Medical Milk Commission, and is a Fellow of the American Academy of 
Medicine, etc. 

FREDERICK WALLACE KELSEY— Orange.— Merchant.— Born 
in Ogden, Monroe county, N. Y., on April 25th, 1850 ; son of Henry 
and Olive Cornelia (Trowbridge) Kelsey; married in 1874, to Ella 
A. Butts, daughter of Henry S. and S. Adelia (Kiff) Butts, of 
Waverly, N. Y. (died July 4, 1913.) 

Children : Frederick Trowbridge, of the law firm of Lewis & 
Kelsey, New York City ; Ronald Butts, Vice President, New York. 

The parents of Frederick AV. Kelsey were New Englanders and among 
the pioneers of Monroe county. His grandfather, Windsor Trowbridge, was 
the first sheriff of that county. In 1881, Mr. Kelsey, having established a 
successful business as a merchant nurseryman in New York City, came to 
Orange where he has since resided. His education in the public schools and 
at Chili Academy, has been broadened by extensive travels abroad and to a 
considerable extent in this country. He prepared the origmal Shade Tree 
Commission law of 1895 ; and, as Chairman of a local Orange Committee, 
recommended the bill to the Legislature. The fifty-eight municipal Shade 
Tree Commissions in New Jersey have all been created under this law as 
he framed it and as it has been since amended ; and its principal features 
have been enacted in a number of other states. Passaic was the first city 
to adopt it. Newark appropriates from $40,000 to $50,000 annually for 
decoration under it, and in a few years, next to Washington, D. C, should 
have one of the most complete systems of street tree planting to be found 

Perhaps the most important civic work of Mr. Kelsey was in the incep- 
tion and early development of the Essex county park system. In an address 
at a local banquet in Orange, January 3rd, 1894, he brought forward the 
suggestion of a system of county beautification with a park in Newark as 
the base, and two connecting parkways carrymg it to the Orange Moimtain 
reservations as the superstructure. The plan met with ready response ; 
Mr. Kelsey and A. Q. Keasbey were named by the Newark Board of Trade 

304 Kelsey 

as a Committee to draft au Act, which the Legislature of 1894 adopted. As 
Vice-President and member of the Commission, he took an active part in the 
selection of the parks and parkways. 

He was one of the three members of the first Essex County Park Com- 
mission to be reappointed for acquiring the lands and parkways and de- 
veloping the park system as provided in the Park Commission charter 
passed in January, 1S95. This law, prepared by the first Commission, pro- 
vided for an appropriation of $2,500,000 of Comity funds and for its sub- 
mission to the electorate at the following election. The law was approved 
by a popular majority in the county of 8,321. A chain of splendid parks, 
upon which a total of about $6,000,000 has been expended, has been laid 
out, but the parkway plans for which Mr. Kelsey so strenuously contended 
have not yet been carried out. Hudson county has taken the act for a 
model of the law under which she too, is laying out a group of county 
parks. Mr. Kelsey became much interested in park problems, and his book 
"The First Coimty Park System," presents an interesting historic account 
of the uiception and development of the system in Essex. 

As Chairman of the Committee on the tariff, Mr. Kelsey secured the 
enactment of a clause affecting the duty on nursery products, seedlings for 
reforestering etc. that was m force until the Underwood tariff" law was 
passed coutaming similar provisions for this material. He was also Chair- 
man of the Committee which framed the first New Jersey limited franchise 
law iu 1905. The introduction and advocacy of this bill placed Everett 
Colby in the limelight as a Progressive, deposed Carl Lentz as the Essex 
Republican Coimty Committee Chairmau, and, with the Record-Fagan con- 
tention for fairer tax methods, became the corner stone of the "New Idea" 
campaign for "limited franchises and equal taxation." As Chairman of a 
special committee of the New England Society, Mr. Kelsey later conducted 
a thorough investigation of the industrial corporation laws of New Jersey, 
and the Committee made amendmentory recommendations to the Legisla- 
ture, for changmg those "wide open" laws. He disfavored the enactment 
of the "Seven Sisters" laws. 

In political matters Mr. Kelsey is independent ; and, prior to the decla- 
ration of war between the United States and Germany, was opposed to war 
without just cause, favored mternational peace for the future and holds 
that brute force for the settling of international differences should be 
relegated to the Dark Ages. 

He is a life member of the American Civic Association and New Jersey 
Historical Society ; and a member of the New England Society of Orange^ 
its President in 1902-3 ; the American Academy of Political and Social 
Science ; the American Forestry Association ; and the Railroad Club of 
New York. 

HENRY COOPER KELSEY— Trenton.— Banker. Born at Sparta, 
Sussex county, Dec. 4th, 1837; son of John and Elleu Mills (Van 
Kirk) Kelsey; married at Newton, May 15th, 1861, to Prudence 

Kelsey 805 

Townsend. duughter of Joliu and Elizabeth (Simonson) Townsend, 
of Newton. 

Sussex county enjoys the rave distinction of havmg contributed more 
than its quota of men of power to the citizenship of New Jersey. Henry 
C. Kelsey, whose sway in the politics of the state was undisputed for thirty 
years or more of the time when New Jersey seemed to be rooted in demo- 
cratic steadfastness, is one of her sons. He and Benjamm F. Lee and 
Henry S. Little constituted the historical Triumvirate that gave the state 
new Governors and United States Senators for three decades and whose 
"O. K." was needed to vitalize the platforms of the party's state conven- 

For twenty-seven years, (1870-1897) Mr. Kelsey was Secretary of State 
of New Jersey. He was first appointed by Governor Theodore F. Randolph, 
July 1, 1870. It is doubtful if the history of the country presents another 
instance of so long a service in a high state position; and it is all the 
more notable because, while the successive appointments came at the hands 
of democratic Governors, the confirmations of the nomination were made 
by republican Senates. The office was then more than the clerical and 
filing department it is nowadays. Executive functions now distributed 
among a half dozen departments centered there. His office made him a 
member of several state boards ; he was Banking and Insurance Commis- 
sioner and (lerk of the Court of Errors and Appeals, the Court of Im- 
peachment, the Court of Pardons and the Prerogative Court, State Library 
Commissioner, and in 1885 a Commissioner for the rebuilding of the burned 
State House. 

Of late years, Secretary Kelsey has confined his attention to his 
private interests, largely ui banking and lightuig enterprises and in in- 
dustrials. He has been a Director of the Sussex National Bank of New- 
ton for many years, and long Vice President and an active manager of the 
Mechanic's National Bank in Trenton. For several years before it was 
taken over by the United Gas Improvement Co. of Philadelphia (later by 
the Public Service Corporation of New Jersey), he was President of the 
consolidated gas companies of Newark. Mr. Kelsey had an interest m the 
rival gas companies of the City — the Newark Gas Light Company, and 
the Citizens Gas Light Company — and it was due to his efforts that they 
were finally consolidated as the Newark Gas Company. During the three 
years between the consolidation and the transfer to the Philadelphia syndi- 
cate, Mr. Kelsey traveled back and forth between Trenton and Newark every 
day, to perform his functions as President of the new Company. 

Trenton is famous the world over for its potteries and ceramics ; and 
it was probably a sense of the need of stimulating talent for art in the 
city pottery and chma products that moved him some years ago to make 
a gift to Trenton of one of the most complete schools of industrial art in 
the country. Besides bearing the expense of improvements costing $12,000 
at St. Francis Hospital in Trenton, he had cancelled a $10,000 mortgage 
on Trmity Episcopal Church which Mrs. Kelsey had attended when she was 
living, has given $20,000 to the church's choir fimd, has contributed more 
than $8,000 to his wife's home church — Christ P. E., at Newton — all as 
tributes to her memory. And his devotion to her was the real inspiration 

306 Kelsey 

of this greater testimonial to lier worth, but Trenton's need of cultured 
artisans gave direction to it. The building, "erected," as the tablet set in 
its walls announces, "as a tribute, to the memory of his wife, Prudence 
Townsend Kelsey and dedicated to the use of the students of arts and crafts 
in the City of Trenton," was designed by Cass Gilbert, of New York, one of 
the foremost of American architects, whom President Roosevelt had made 
Chairman of the board of United States supervising architects having in 
control the plans of all Federal buildings. It is an imposing five story 
structure, covering a plot 42 feet front and 108 deep at the corner of West 
State and Willow Streets, along the beaten path to the State House where 
Mr. Kelsey was for so long a familiar figure. 

Mr. Kelsey's original donation for the building was $100,000, but the 
total outlay exceeded $130,000 before it had been completed. This expen- 
diture was all apart from the fittings of the room he reserved in it, as a 
memorial room. The decorations there alone cost upwards of $12,000 and 
the room is stored with the art collections — some of them, priceless — Mrs. 
Kelsey made while abroad with her husband. Mr. Kelsey has crossed the 
Atlantic fifty-eight times; the last time (1914) he narrowly escaped being 
marooned by the outbreak of the European War. Mrs. Kelsey, who was a 
daughter of the late Judge John Townsend, was of artistic temperament, 
a connoisseur in rare chinas, bric-a-brac and articles of vertu, and on her 
cross-sea trips with her husband visited many centres on "the Continent" 
m search of choice and artistic works for her home collection. The great 
store of these which she had accumulated when she died now finds a 
permanent abiding place in the beautiful room which her husband has 
provided in the Art School building. 

The dedication of the building, June 7th. 1911, marked an epoch in the 
history of Trenton. The deed to the property was accepted by John A. 
Campbell, of the Board of Trustees of the School. In his brief address 
Mr. Kelsey explained that the purpose of the gift is "to impart instruction 
in mechanics, the trades and arts and crafts to those who have the ambi- 
tion to learn." He thus especially admonished the students — "He who 
waits to begin and hastens to quit an eight hour day", he said, "will 
never become a coupon clipper nor be known to fame." "Don't worry 
about the higher education," he added, further on, "Leave Latm, Greek 
and Sanskrit to graduates of the Colleges and Universities ; but their field 
is not wider or more important, nor their opportunities greater, than 
yours." The Art School is patronized by upwards of 1,000 pupils. The 
City has recently acquired adjacent territory on which an annex for me- 
chanical instruction is to be erected. 

Mr. Kelsey's ancestry on his father's side is Scotch (originally Kelso) 
and on his mother's side Dutch. His first political i)Ositioii was that of 
Post Master of Newton m Sussex county. In 1866 he was appointed a 
Judge of the Sussex County Courts. A year later he purchased the "New 
Jersey Herald," in Newton, and his editorial work there attracted wide at- 
tention. It was upon Gov. Randolph's appointment that in 1870 he became 
Secretary of State of New Jersey to succeed Newton M. Conger, and he 
served in that position vintil April 1, 1897. He began his business career 
as a Clerk in a comitry store of which he later became proprietor — ^and he 



is rather proud of reciting the fact that his first year's salary, in 1851, was 
the magnificent sum of $25. and "found." 

M)-. Kelsey has lived at the Trenton House for forty-seven years. On 
the death of his wife m 1894, he severed connection with all social organi- 
zations ; but remains a life member of the American Museum of Natural 
History, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the American Geographical So- 
ciety, the New Jersey Historical Society and the Sussex County Historical 



CALVIN NOYES KENDALI^Princetou, (321 Nassau Street.) 
-Educator. Born at Augusta, New York, Feb. 9, 1858; sou of 
Leonard J. and Sarah M. Kendall; married on June 30, 1891, at 
Jackson, Michigan, to Alia P. Field, daughter of Leonard H. Field 
and Alia R. Field. 

Children : David W., born February 11, 1903. 

Calvin N. Kendall was graduated from Hamilton College with the de- 
gree of A. B. m 1882, and has since received the degrees of A. M. from 
Yale, m 1900, and from the University of Michigan, m 1909 ; and of Lit. D. 
from Hamilton College, in 1911 and from Rutgers College, in 1912 ; and 
L. L. D. from New York University in 1913. 

Mr. Kendall taught in the public schools of New York State for two 
years and in 1885 and 1886 was principal of the Jackson High School, 
Jackson, Mich. He became Superintendent of Schools in Jackson m 1886 

and continued there until 
1890 ; he was Superinten- 
dent of Schools of New 
Haven, Conn., from 1895 to 
1900. and Superintendent 
of Schools in Indianapolis 
and a member of the State 
Board of Education of In- 
diana, from 1900 to July, 
1911. Incidentally he has 
lectured at the summer 
schools in the Universities 
of Chicago. Indiana, Wis- 
consin, Iowa. Illiuois. Cali- 
fornia and at Columbia. 

He has been President of 
the Connecticut Council of 
Education, of the Connec- 
ticut State Teacher's Asso- 
ciation, of the Southern In- 
diana Teacher's Association 
and of the Indiana State 
Teacher's Association ; and 
Commissioner of Education appointed 

when, in 1911, the United States 

308 Keniey 

three mvestigators to report upon the Baltimore schools, Mr. Kendall was 
named to serve upon the commission. 

Dr. Kendall was Superintendent of Schools m Indianapolis when Gov- 
ernor Wilson invited him, in 1911, to assume charge of the schools of New 
Jersey, under a law greatly enlargmg the fmictions of the State School 
Superintendent and re-creating the office with the title of State Commis- 
sioner of Education. Dr. Kendall had already declined an offer of the 
Superintendency of Schools in Washington, D. C, Louisville, Rochester and 
m Springfield, Mass. ; but the functions of the New Jersey Commissioner- 
ship attracted him and he accepted. The salary of the office, which had 
been $6,000 a year, was inreased to .$10,000 a year with the purpose of in- 
viting the best educational talent of the comitry. 

Under Commissioner Kendall's administration the school system, which 
had been theretofore largely local, has been welded into a solid state system. 
The central idea of the new method of administermg the schools is that 
they are a distinctly state institution. The several communities are re- 
quired to meet the demands of the State authorities for financial support ; 
and the standard of school buildings everywhere is set by the State Board 
of Education. 

Commissioner Kendall is a member of the Nassau Club, Princeton. 

nV J.\MES KERNEY— Trenton.— Journalist. Born at Trenton, on 

April 29, 1873; son of Thomas F. and Mary C. (Farrell) Kerney ; 
married at Trenton, on October 4, 1897, to Sarah Mullen, daughter 
of Thomas and Mary Mullen. 

Children : Mary, born December 24, 1899 ; Thomas Lincoln, Feb- 
ruary 12, 1902 ; Katherine, March 19, 1905 ; James Jr., December 
17, 1911; John Edward, March 11, 1913; Margaret Moon, April 
29, 1914. 

His work as editor of the "Evening Times" in Trenton has made James 
Kerney one of the influential factors in the public life of the middle and 
Southern sections of New Jersey. He is of Irish parentage, but his parents 
came to these shores in their childhood ; and he has spent all of his life 
ui Trenton. He was educated in the parochial schools of the city and while 
learning a trade in a carriage shop, he attended the Trenton Evening High 
School, where he studied stenography and typewritmg. It was through 
the latter studies that he was enabled to enter the newspaper business, 
workmg for several years as a reporter on Trenton dailies and eventually 
becoming the New Jersey political reporter for the "New York Herald" and 
"Philadelphia Press," as well as the Trenton correspondent for the "Newark 
Evening News" and other important state journals. 

In February, 1903, Mr. Kerney acquired an ownership interest in the 
"Trenton Evenmg Times," becoming the editor of that newspaiter. In 1912, 
"The Times" purchased the Trenton "Sunday Advertiser," which had long 
been established as an independent Sunday newspaper, and it was consoli- 
dated with "The Times" property. Subsequently "The Times" purchased 
the "Daily True American," which had been issued as a morning news- 



pai>er at the capital for a century and which in 1912 was changed over to 
the evening field. The "True American" was merged into the "Evenmg 
Times," which now issues a seven day newspaper (evening and Sunday edi- 
tions). "The Times" led the fight for Commission Government m Trenton 
and has been an aggressive force in all civic campaigns in its community, 
noteworthy among them being the successful contests for nhiety cent gas 
and lower trolley fares. 

After Woodrow Wilson had become Governor of New Jersey, he was 
imin-essed with Mr. Kerney's force as a publicist ; and the relations between 

the Chief Executive and the 
Editor became very close. Mr. 
Kerney was frequently called 
into consultation concerning 
public affairs, and, after the 
Governor had become President, 
was a frequent visitor at the 
White House. Through guber- 
natorial appointment, Mr. Ker- 
ney became a member of the first 
New Jersey Civil Service Com- 
mission, serving from 1909 to 
1911, and declining a reappoint- 
ment at the hands of Governor 
Wilson, and he was also ap- 
pointed a member of the com- 
mission charged with the erec- 
tion of a suitable memorial at 
the point in the Delaware River 
where Washington crossed on 
the eventful Christmas Eve 
when he fell upon the Hessians 
and gave new hope to the Revolutionary cause. 

Mr. Kerney is an active official m the Boy Scout Movement, a Director 
of the Trenton Trust and Safe Deposit Company and of the Interstate Fair 

His club memberships are with the Lotos, Trenton Country, Knights 
of Columbus, Trenton Rotary (President 1916-'17) and Sprmg Lake Golf. 


EUGENE F. KINKEAD— Jersey City.— Advertising. Born at 
Buttevant, County Cork, Ireland, on March 27th. 1876 ; son of 
Thomas C. and Xora Barrett Kinkead ; married at Jersey City, on 
September 29th, 1909, to Anna O'Neill, daughter of Thomas and 
Mary Kerwin O'Neill, of New York. 

Children : Eileen, born November oth. 1914. 

Eugene F. Kinkead was for three terms a member of the National 
House of Representatives in Washington and is now the Sheriff' of Hudson 

310 Kinney 

county. He was educated in St. Peters College in Jersey City and Seton 
Hall College, South Orange, graduating from the latter institution in 1895, 

\Yith the degree of A. B. 

In 189S he vras elected Alder- 
man from the Tenth Ward of 
Jersey City, and was elected 
President of the Board of Alder- 
men in 1907. While serving on 
the Board, he started the play- 
gromid movement by establish- 
ing outdoor gymnasiums and 
playgrounds for the youth of 
Jersey City. He was elected to 
Congress from the Ninth Dis- 
trict of Xew Jersey m 1908 ; 
served two terms as Represen- 
tative of this district and in 
1912 was elected as the Repre- 
sentative m Congress of the 
Eighth District of Xew Jersey, 
comprising the seventh ward of 
Jersey City, Bayonne, East New- 
ark, Harrison and Kearny in 
Hudson county : the eighth, 
eleventh and fifteenth wards of 
Newark, and the towns of I->el]eville, Bloomfield and Nutley in Essex coun- 
ty. He was elected Sheriff of Hudson county in 1914 ; and in July, 1915, 
settled the strike at the plant of the Standard Oil Company in Bayonne, as 
a result of which this company, for the first time in its history, conceded 
an eight-hour day to its employees. 

Mr. Kinkead has been in the street car advertising business since 1901, 
and at the present time is President of the Jersey Railways Advertising 
Company, which controls the advertishig in the street cars of New 

WILLIMI BURNET KINNEY— Newark.— Lawyer. Born in 
Newark, April 30th, 1871; son of Thomas T. and Estelle (Condit) 
Kinney; married at Newark, on June Sth, 1901, to Helen M. 
Murphy, daughter of Franklin Murphy. 

Children : Janet, born April 8th, 1902 ; Mai, born September 10, 
1903 ; Constance, born July 6th, 1905 ; Margaret Condit, born Aug. 
23, 1909. 

William B. Kinney's line is traceable back to the twelfth century in 
Fifeshire near Dundee, Scotland. The first immigrant ancestor arrived in 
this country about the middle of the eighteenth century and two of his sons 
were baptized in 1760 m the First Presbyterian Church in Morristown. 
William Burnet Kinney, Mr. Kinney's grandfather and for whom Mr. 



Kiiniey was named, was one of the original Abolitionists of the country and 
a delegate to the Republican National Convention of 1860, that nominated 
Abraham Lincoln for President of the United States. President Lincoln 
appointed him Minister to Sardinia. He was one of the oldest stockholders 
in the Morris and Essex Railroad, a Trustee of Princeton College and estab- 
lished the "Newark Daily Advertiser," the first daily newspaper published 
in New Jersey. 

Mr. Kinney's father, while in Princeton College was an assistant during 
his senior year to Professor Henry, who made the discoveries that eventu- 
ated in the dauguerreotype, the first form of photographing. He studied 

law in the office of Joseph P. 
Bradley who was afterwards 
an Associate Justice of the Unit- 
ed States Supreme Court. He 
never practiced however, but 
followed William Burnet Kiimey 
into the newspaper field in con- 
nection with the "Newark Daily 
Advertiser," and built it up in- 
to the most powerful single 
newspaper influence the state 
has ever known. 

William B. Kinney was edu- 
cated at the Newark Academy- 
and Princeton University, class-, 
of 1894. He read law in the of- 
fice of McCarter, Williamson «fc 
McCarter in Newark, and took 
a course at the New York Law 
School. He was admitted to the 
New Jersey Bar m Jmie of 
Among the more important Newark institutions with which Mr. Kinney 
is indentified are the National State Bank, The Howard Savings Institu- 
tion, the Firemens Insurance Company and the Kinney Realty Company. 
He is an hereditary member of the Cincinnati Society and a member of the 
Essex Club, the Essex County Country, the Rumson Country, the Lake- 
wood Country, all of New Jersey, and the Union League Club of New 

Mrs. Kinney is a daughter of ex-Governor Franklin Murphy. 

IRA A. KIP, Jr. — South Orange. — Manufacturer. Born in Pas- 
saic, on April 22, 1876 ; married m 1893, to Katherine Flower. 

Ira A. Kip, Jr., is one of the rising men in New Jersey politic.?, and 
prominent as well in industrial circles. From 1907 to 1913 he was Gover- 
nor of the New York Stock Exchange ; and he has been a delegate to the 
three Republican National Conventions and a Presidential Elector. 


312 Knapp 

Mr. Kip was eighteen years of age when he began his business career 
in the otiice of H. H. Croclcer & Co., East India importers and brolvers. He 
is now President of the Duratex Company on Frelinghuysen Avenue, 
Newark, and Vice President of the Salts Textile Co., Inc. The Textile 
company manufactures pile fabrics ; and it has factories in Europe as well 
as here. He became a member of the New York Stock Exchange m 1901 
continuing the connection until 1913. 

Mr. Kip first evinced his interest in politics by participating in the 
public aft'air-s of South Orange. He was twice President of the Village. 
During his administration, he participated m the movement for a joint 
trunk sewer system, and largely improved the South Orange water service. 
The first of the National Conventions to which he was a delegate was that 
which at Chicago in 1904 nominated Theodore Roosevelt for the Presidency. 
He was one of the Electors who cast the vote of the state for William H. 
Taft for President in 190S. He served as a delegate from his Congres- 
sional district to the Chicago Convention of 1916 that nominated ex- 
Justice Charles E. Hughes, and was an ardent worker for the election of 
the Hughes ticket. In 1917 Gov. Edge appointed him a member of the State 
Highway Commission. 

Mr. Kip was coimected with the Seventh Regiment of New York City. 
Besides belonging to the Holland Society is a member, and for two years 
was President, of the Essex County Country Club, and is also a member of 
the Morris County Golf Club, the Calumet Club, the New York Yacht Club, 
the Thousand Islands Yacht Club and the Stock Exchange Lmicheon Club. 

Mr. Kip's home is Walnut Gate in the fashionable section of the 
Oranges, and he has a summer place. Leek Island, among the Thousand 
Islands, of the St. Lawrence River. 

EDGAR ALBERT KNAPP— Elizabeth, (760 Broad Street.) — 
Insurance. Born at Elizabeth, on January 3, 1877 ; son of Arthur 
Winslow and Christine (Byron) Knapp; married at Elizabeth, on 
Jmie 12, 1909, to Elizabeth Dimock, daughter of George Edward 
and Elizabeth (Jordan) Dimock. 

Children : Christine, Elizabeth and Honora Marie. 

Edgar A. Knapp was one of the first ten men to sign a pledge for the 
support of the Progressive Party and is Chairman of the Elizabeth branch 
of the National Security League; Secretary of the Committee of Public 
Safety in Elizabeth; Chairman of the Home Guard Committee, and has 
supervision over a xmiformed and armed force of 300 men ; and is a 
Veteran of the Spanish American War. 

The militant spirit has always prevailed in the Knapp family. Mr. 
Knapp's grandfather, Ora H. Knapp, was Major General in command of the 
Ohio National Guard in 1837 ; and his father, a soldier in the Union army 
durmg the Civil War, was severely wounded at the battle of Shiloh. 

Soon after his graduation from the Puagry school in 1894, Mr. Knapp 
enlisted in the First United States Volmiteer Cavalry (Roosevelt Rough 
Riders) for service in the Spanish American War. He took part in the 

Krueger 313 

battles of Las Guasimas, July 24tli, 1898, and of San Juan Hill, July 1, 
2, 3, 1S9S, and the siege of Santiago de Cuba resulting in the surrender of 
the city on July 17, 1898. 

Mr. Knapp came back from the war full of Roosevelt enthusiasm ; and 
when the ex-President became the leader of the Progressive element in the 
Republican party, he fell into the ranks as his political lieutenant. A dele- 
gate from the Fifth Congres- 
sional district to the historical 
Republican National Convention 
of 1912, that was the scene of 
the struggle between Col. Roose- 
velt and President Taft for the 
Presidential nomination, he was 
an ardent supporter of Mr. Roo- 
sevelt's claims ; and when the 
convention gave a renomiua- 
tion to President Taft, he was a 
delegate to the Progressive Na- 
tional Convention, held in Chi- 
cago a month or two later, 
that put Mr. Roosevelt afield 
against him. During the cam- 
paign Mr. Knapp induced ex- 
President Roosevelt to visit him 
in Elizabeth and make speeches 
there. Mr. Knapp still repre- 
sents Union county in the Pro- 
gressive State Committee and is 
Vice Chairman of the Commit- 
tee; he was again ^a delegate to the National Progressive Convention in Chi- 
cago in June, 1916, but co-operated later with the Republican State Com- 
mittee during the campaign and supported the republican candidates. 

Mr. Knapp is a member of Squadron A and of the Society of the Army 
of Santiago de Cuba and of the Baltusrol Golf and the Elizabeth Town and 
Country Clubs. 

Mr. Knapp does a general insurance business with offices at 73 Maiden 
Lane, New York City. 



ny, in 1840. 

-Newark. — Brewer. Born m Germa- 

Gottfried Krueger sat on the Bench of the State Court of Errors and 
Appeals for the eleven years between 1892 and 1903. In the long line of 
Court of Appeals Judges, only one, Edmund L. B. Wales, (1861-'81) sat 
for a term covering a longer period of time. Judge Krueger was first 
appointed by Gov. Leon Abbett, and reappointed by Governors Green, 
and Werts. Governor Griggs failed to renominate him to the Senate. 

Mr. Krueger had not long been operating his brewery in Newark when 

314 Kummel 

lie was elected to a seat iii tlie Assembly to participate in one of the most 
excitiBg contests over the United States Senatorship New Jersey has ever 
seen. In the Legislative joint meeting, which was to choose the United 
States Senator to succeed Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, the democrats had 
a bare majority of one. The House was a tie, and the Senate seats were 
held by eleven democrats and ten Republicans. In the discussions this situ- 
ation provoked Mr. Krueger's vote was courted by the rival aspirants for 
the Senatorship ; it was finally cast for John R. McPherson, the nominee 
of the Democratic legislative caucus. Mr. Krueger's rise to power was 
very marked and very rapid after that session of the legislature and even- 
tually he came to exert a wide influence throughout the state, of a business 
as well as of a political character. Apart however from his service on 
the Bench, he has declined all offers of official preferment. 

One of Judge Krueger's diversions has been an annvial trip across 
the sea to visit his daughter. Just after his arrival m Berlin on his last 
trip, in 1914, the great War of the Nations broke out. The excitements of 
travel were more than he thought his state of health would bear ; and 
as late as imtil the middle of the summer of 1917 he was still awaiting in 
Berlin the outcome of the sanguinary contest. 

Judge Krueger is President of the Gottfried Krueger Brewing Com- 
pany ; of the U. S. Brewing Company ; of the German Savmgs Bank and 
the Union Ice Company of Newark. He is a director of the Federal Trust 
Company, the Union National Bank and the German Hospital, all of 
Newark. The list of his club and society memberships is a very long 
one. One of the largest of these Associations is that founded by the em- 
ployees of his own establishment, the Gottfried Krueger Association. 

HENRY BARNARD KUMMEL— Trenton.— Geologist. Born in 
Milwaukee. Wis., May 25th, 1867 ; son of Julius M. F. and Annie 
(Barnard) Kummel; married June 20th, 1899, to Charlotte, daugh- 
ter of Henry and Lucy Proctor Coe, of Pamesville, O. 

Children : Charlotte, born January, 1903 ; Lucy, born March, 1907. 

Mr. Kummel was educated in the public schools of his native city, grad- 
uated from Beloit College, Wisconsin, in 1889, and took post-graduate 
courses at Harvard and the University of Chicago. He won the A. B. 
degree at Beloit College with valedictorian honors. Three years later the 
A. M. degree was conferred by both Beloit and Harvard ; and in 1895, the 
University of Chicago conferred the Ph. D. degree. He taught for two 
years in Beloit College and was for a time Professor of Physiography in 
Lewis Institute, Chicago. 

In 1891 Dr. Kummel was engaged on the U. S. Geological Survey in 
Connecticut. In 1892 he was connected with the Geological Survey of New 
Jersey and for several seasons made surveys for this department chiefly 
in Warren, Hunterdon and Sussex counties. In 1898 he spent the part 
of one season in travel abroad and studying the geology of Scotland. When 
he returned he was made Assistant State Geologist of New Jersey; and, 
when Dr. John C. Smock resigned in 1901, Dr. Kummel went to the head 

Laddey 315 

of the Department. During Governor Stokes' administration Dr. Kummel 
was active in advocating constructive legislation for the protection and 
conservation of the forests and water supply of the State; and on its 
organization became executive officer of the State Forest Commission in 
addition to being State Geologist. With the organization of the Depart- 
ment of Conservation and Development, Dr. Kummel was continued as 
State Geologist and became Chief of the Division of Geology and waters, 
and acting Director of the Department in the absence of the Director. 

For several years Dr. Kummel was President of the American Asso- 
ciation of State Geologists — its first President. In 1907 he went to the 
city of Mexico as a member of the International Geological Congress, and 
was a delegate agaiu to that in Toronto, Canada. He was one of the five 
citizens chosen by Governor Fort to attend the famous Conservation Meet- 
ing summoned by President Roosevelt to convene at the White House, and 
later he was a member of several subsequent conservation congresses. 

Dr. Kummel is a Fellow of the American Association for the advance- 
ment of Science and of the Geological Society of America, and a member 
of the National Institute of Social Science. He has contributed many 
papers to geological journals and reports, relating chiefly to the geological 
and natural resources of New Jersey. 

CLARA SCHLEE LADDEY (Mrs, Victor H. G.)— Arlington. 
Lecturer and Woman Sulfragist. Born at Stuttgart, Wurtem- 
berg, Germany; daughter of Adolf T. and Pauline H. B. (Steimle) 
Schlee ; married at Stuttgart, Germany, on May 8th, 1875, to 
Victor H. G. Laddey. 

Children : John V.., Erich C, Paula. 

Besides being of note as a lecturer on the German Poets, Clara Schlee 
Laddey, is an ardent advocate of suffrage for women. Even before she 
came from Stuttgart, and when she was only seventeen years of age, she 
had attended a meeting for the organization of the first women's club ever 
established there. When she came to this country in 1SS8, she became as 
deeply interested m the "new woman" movement here. She was elected 
President of the New Jersey Woman Suffrage Association in 1908, and, 
serving till 1912, was made honorary President and has ever since cam- 
paigned for the cause. She is a life member of the Association and also 
of the National Association. In 1911 she was a member of the Joint Legis- 
lative Committee of the Woman Suffrage organization in the state and of 
the National Woman Suffrage Executive Council from 1912 until 1914, 
marched at the head of the New Jersey Woman Suffrage delegation m the 
first suffrage parade in New York City and was an American delegate to 
the International Woman Suffrage Congress held at Budapest, Hungary, in 
1913. In her home town too she is active in spreading the propaganda ; 
and was chairman of a joint committee of all the women organizations in 
Arlington in a campaign to promote the election of a woman as a member 
of the local school board. 



Mrs. Laddey's father was a desceudaut of Dr. Frauz Joseph Gall, the 
founder of phrenology ; ou her mother's side she is a descendant of the 
Rev. C. Blumhart. who was a famous Lutheran preaclier. Her husband is 

a merchant (retired). She was 
educated in the schools at 
Stuttgart, taking a classical lec- 
ture course, and was instruct- 
ed in vocal and instrumental 
music, visiting the Fmishing 
School in Fribourg. ui French 

Mrs. Laddey was for a time 
soprano in the Hoboken syna- 
gogue and the leader of a Glee 
Club connected with the Wom- 
en's Club of Arlington. She is 
first Vice Chairman of the New 
Jersey division of the National 
Womans Peace Party. She was 
the first President, from 1905- 
1!»()9. of the Civic Club of Ar- 
lington, is a member also of 
the Women's Club ; the Study 
Club; the Ladies Circle (Church 
of the Redeemer) ; Women's 
Alliance ( Universalist Church), 
and the Chapin House Auxiliary all of Arlington and of the W. C. T. U. 
and of the Contemporary Club of Newark. 

Mrs. Laddey's son. John Y. (L. L. M.), and her daughter, Paula 
(L. L. B.), are lawyers; and her son Erich C. is a Private Secretarv. 

FRANCIS LAFFERTY— Newark.— Lawyer. Born in Mulica 
Hill (Gloucester county), on February 20, 1870; son of William 
and Martha M. (McKibbin) Lafferty; married on Jime 2, 1892, 
to Sadie E., daughter of Solomon S. and Sarah Baldwin Denels- 
beck, of Whig Lane. 

Children: Frances Leilah and Elton Braddock. 

Francis Lafferty is Solicitor in the law department of the Fidelity 
Trust Company, Newark. After an attendance in the public school he took 
a course m law at the Dickinson Law School and 7 3ad afterwards in the 
office of Robert S. Clymer, of Woodbury and A. H. Swackhamer. For four 
years after his admission to the bar in November, 1898, he practiced in 
Atlantic City and coming subsequently to Newark associated himself first 
with S. P. Northrop and subsequently with Charles C. Pilgrim. 



Mr. Lafferty is a democrat in politics, a F. & A. M. and is connected 
with the Lawyers Club of Newark. 

ALICE LAKEY— Cranford.— Civic Worker. Born in Ohio; 
daughter of Charles D. and Ruth F. (Jacques) Lakey. 

Alice Lakey prepared for her life work with the view of becoming a 
professional singer, studied music abroad, sang at concerts in London and 
the Provinces and was Chairman of the department of music of the New 
Jersey State Federation of Women's Clubs in 1911-'12 ; but, compelled by 
illness to abandon that career, became interested in the movement for pure 
food. She was a volunteer worker for the cause in 1903, and has devoted 
herself to it since. She addressed meetings of the State Federations of 
Women's Clubs and, so, aroused among the women of the country the 
sentiment that was largely potential in inducmg Congress to pass the 
pure food law. Among the State Federations before which she spoke 
were those of New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Con- 
necticut and Kentucky. She 
was heard also in the same 
behalf at the World's Congress 
of the W. C. T. U. in Boston 
in 1916. United States Sena- 
tors Heyburn and McCvimber 
and Dr. Wiley, Chief at that 
time of the United States Pure 
Food Department, wrote per- 
sonal letters of congratulations 
to her ; and Robert M. Allen, 
food official of Kentucky, who 
was doing among the men what 
she was doing among the 
women, tendered her his sin- 
cere thanks for the "noble 
work"' she had done. 

It was she who afterwards 
inspired the formation of the 
American Pure Food League, 
outlining its field of work at the 
first meeting, held in May, 1914, 
at the Academy of Medicine. 
She arranged first with President Roosevelt and later with President Wil- 
son for the reception of various officials of the Pure Food League in the 
interest of the cause; was Chairman of the Food Committee of the National 
Consumers League in 1905 and 1912 and formed the New Jersey State 
Food Committee of the Consumers League in 1907. Since February, 1914 
she has edited the pure food department of The Osteopathic Magazine ; 
and she has meanwhile lectured and written much on the subject. She 

318 Lament 

is on the New York Board of Education lecture staff; and in recognition 
of tier work was admitted to membership of tlie National Institute of 
Social Sciences. 

Miss Lakey is of long American ancestry on her father's side; her 
mother was born in England. She was educated in the Chicago schools, 
by private teachers and at St. Mary's Hall in Burlington. She spent the 
eight years between ISSl-'SS in Europe in pursuit of her musical studies, 
being a pupil of Vannuccini in Italy, Barbot in Paris, and of Kandegger 
and Montem Smith in London ; and soon after her return to this country 
became engaged in the work in which she has since become so con- 

Miss Lakey is a member of. besides the National Institute of Social 
Sciences, the New York Milk Committee, the Mercy Committee of New 
Jersey and the Village Improvement Association of Cranford. 

THOMAS WILLIAM LAMONT—Englewood.— Banker. Born at 
Claverack, N. Y., September 30, 1870 ; son of Thomas and Caroline 
Deuel (Jayne) Lamont ; married at Englewood, October 31, 1895 
to Florence Haskell Corliss, daughter of Wilbur F. and Julia P. 

Children : Thomas S., born January 30, 1899 ; Corliss, born March 
28, 1902 ; Austin, born February 25, 1905 ; Eleanor Allen, born 
April 15, 1910. 

Thomas AV. Lamont is a member of the banking firm of J. P. 
Morgan & Company, of New York City. After graduation from Harvard 
College in 1892 he entered the editorial department of the "New York 
Tribune," and for a time was Assistant City Editor. The business and 
financial life of New York held stronger attractions for him however. 
After several years experience in the exporting and importing business, he 
was in 1903 elected Secretary and Treasurer of the Bankers Trust Com- 
pany, New York City ; in 1908 became Vice President of the First National 
Bank of New York, and in 1910 formed his connection with J. P. Mor- 
gan and Company. He has contributed frequently to press and magazines 
on financial and educational topics. 

Mr. Lamont is of Scotch-Irish extraction on his father's side and Eng- 
lish on his mother's. His first paternal ancestor in this country was 
Roliert Lamont who came from Scotland in 1750. The first here of his 
mother's line was William Jayne, who had been a chaplain to Oliver Crom- 
well. Mr. Lamont's father was a clergyman, and the son spent his earlier 
life in the Hudson River towns. He prepared for College at Phillips Exeter 
Academy, at Exeter, N. H. 

Mr. Lamont is a member of the Board of Harvard Overseers, a 
Trustee of Smith College and Vice President and Trustee of the Academy 
of Political Science. Some of his clubs are the Centurv Association, the 



Harvard, University, Metropolitan, Players, Sleepy Hollow Country and 
the Englewood Country. He is a Director of many important corporations. 

MERRIT LANE— Jersey City, (75 Montgomery Street.)— Jurist. 
Born in Jersey City, on January 2, 1881 ; son of Joseph M. and 
Emma (Cokelet) Lane. 

Merrit Lane is a Vice Chancellor of the State Court of Chancery. He 

graduated from the High School in Jersey City, and attended the New 

York Law School before his ad- 
mission to the Bar at the Feb- 
ruary term of the Supreme Court 
in 1902. He is also a member 
of the New York Bar and of the 
Supreme Court of the United 

Mr. Lane's rise to recognition 
in the profession was very rapid. 
He devoted himself particularly 
to the equity practice and to 
problems in municipal law and 
taxation, and has been retained 
by almost every local government 
in Hudson county to act as special 
counsel in important cases in 
which they had become involved. 
At the time when the Prudential 
Insurance Company imderwent 
its change from a stock company 
to a mutual concern, Mr. Lane 
was associated with John W. 
Griggs, ex -Attorney General of 

the United States, as counsel for the policy holders. In October of 1916 

Vice Chancellor Howell died, and in November of that year, Chancellor 

AValker named Mr. Lane to succeed him on the Bench. 

Vice Chancellor Lane's ancestors on both sides have been in this 

country since long before the Revolution. 

Vice Chancellor Lane retains membership only in the Lawyers Club 

of New York and the Essex Club of Newark. He has never held a political 


GEORGE HALL LARGE — Flemington. — Lawyer. Born at 
White House, (Hunterdon county), December 1, ISoO ; son of Jolm 
Knowles and Elizabeth ( Rocka fellow ) Large; married at Flem- 

320 Lentz 

ington, November 15, 1877, to Josephine Ramsey, (laughter of 
John and Catherine Brokaw Ramsey, of Flemmgton. 

Children : George Knowles, born February 3, 1879 ; Edwin Kirk, 
born August 14, 1880; Helen Brokaw, born August 12, 1889. 

George H. Large was Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue for the 
Third District of New Jersey from 1877 to 1885. and Collector of Internal 
Revenue for the Fifth District of New Jersey from 1888 to 1893. Though 
he was an ardent republican, he was elected in the fall of 1885 to repre- 
sent the democratic county of Hunterdon in the New Jersey State Senate 
and served in the legislatures of 1886-'87-'88. In 1888 he was President of 
the Senate. Since 1893 he has devoted himself to his private practice 
in Flemington. 

Senator Large's father was a son of Ebenezer Large of the Society of 
Friends of Bucks county, Penna. The Senator has lived all of his life 
in Hunterdon county ; and after being tutored in the private schools there 
entered Rutgers College, graduating with the class of 1872. While in Rut- 
gers he was Associate Editor of "The Targum." 


ARTHUR Bl'RTIS LEACH— South Orange.— Banker. Born in 
Detroit, Mich.. Septeml^er 30. 1863 ; son of Frederick E. and Ma- 
tilda I. (Shaw) Leach: married in Detroit. Mich.. February 3. 
1887, to Maud Campbell. 

Children: Helen ('.. born May 21. 1889; Maude C, born March 
12, 1906; Henry W.. born March 13, 1908; Margaret D., born 
June 12, 1909. 

Arthur B. Leach's banking activities are in the investment Ime. He 
was educated in the public schools of Detroit, and, after periods spent 
there and at Devils Lake in North Dakota, came to New Jersey twenty- 
seven years ago, to make his home. 

Mr. Leach is a member of the New York Chamber of Commerce, of the 
Michigan Society and of the Union League of New York and Chicago and 
connected with the Automobile Club of America, the Bankers, the Lotos, 
the Recess and the Railroad Clubs of New York, the Algonqum of Boston, 
the Art of Philadelphia, the Essex County Country Club and the National 
Golf Links. 

CARL LENTZ — Newark. — Lawyer. Born in Bamberg. Bavaria, 
on July 1, 1845. 

Major Lentz came to this country in early childhood, and at sixteen 
enlisted as a soldier of the Civil War. m the First Connecticut Cavalry 
Regiment of Volunteers. After the liattle of the Wilderness he became 
Lieutenant; and m the cavalry fights in the neighl>orhood of Washington 
when the Rebel General Early menaced the National Capitol in 1864, he re- 

Lewis 321 

ceived a wound that made the amputation of his right arm necessary. He 
had reached the rank of Major when he was mustered out of the service. 

Major Lentz entered Columbia University, Washington, after the War 
and graduated with the class of 1SS9. He was a student later in the Law 
Department and in 1873 he received the degree of LL. B. He was ad- 
mitted to the Bar in the same year and opening an ofHce ui Newark has 
since been ui the practice of his profession there. 

Major Lentz was made a member of the Republican County Committee, 
of Essex county, and became its Chairman. While in that position, he be- 
came a candidate for sheriff, and his defeat gave impetus to the "Anti- 
Boss" movement that was then beginning to show signs of activity. His 
leadership was finally challenged by Everett M. Colby; and the triumph 
of the Coll>y forces in the primaries resulted in the loss by Major Lentz 
of the County Chairmanship. 

Governor Griggs appointed Major Lentz a member of the State Board 
of Taxation and he held that position until the board was re-organized out 
of existence by the Economy and Efficiency acts of 1915. 

Major Lentz is connected with almost all of the German associations, 
political and social, throughout the state, and was for some years a leading 
figure in the National Saengerbund. 


VIVIAN M. LEWIS— Paterson.— Jurist. Born at Paterson, on 
June 8, 1869, son of Isaac Arriston and Hannah (Davies) 

Vivian M. Lewis is one of the Vice Chancellors of the New Jersey 
Court of Chancery,- and enjoys, besides, the distmction of having been the 
Republican candidate for Governor in the campaign in which Woodrow 
Wilson, now President of the United States, was the Democratic candidate. 
Mr. Lewis had been an active factor m Republican circles for some time 
prior to his nominaticm for the Governorship and upon the resignation of 
Edward C. Stokes from the office of Clerk in Chancery, he was named by 
Governor Murphy to fill the vacancy. He was renominated for the fol- 
lowing term, m 1905, by Governor Stokes, and, confirmed by the Senate, 
served until 1909. Then by Governor Fort's appointment, he became the 
.State Commissioner of Banking and Insurance. In 1912 he resigned from 
that office to accept the offer of a Vice Chancellorship from Chancellor 
Walker. His term as Vice Chancellor will expire m 1919. 

Vice Chancellor Lewis was educated in the local schools and by private 
tutors, and admitted to the bar in 1892. While studying for his profession, 
he wrote for the New York newspapers. His newspaper work gave him 
large opportunities for the study of public questions and for acquaintance 
with public men ; and in 1897 the Republicans of Passaic coimty nominatedi 
him for the New Jersey House of Assembly. Elected then, and re-elected 
to the Legislatures of 1899 and 1900, he was the leader of the Republican 
majority on the floor of the House during his last term. Meanwhile he 
served for many years as one of the counsel of the State Board of Health, 



and in 1904 was elected City Coimsel of Paterson. He resigned the City 
position when Governor Murphy named him as Clerlv in Chancery. 

Before entering upon his public career, the Vice Chancellor had con- 
nected himself with the old second Regiment of the National Guard ; and 
in July, 1896, was appointed Jvidge Advocate of the Regiment. When the 
Regiment was reorganized in 1899, he was placed on the retired list with the 
rank of Captain. 

Princeton. Born at Princeton, October 30th. 1859; daughter of 
William Henry and Elizabeth (Hayes) Green: married at Prince- 
ton, December 7th, 1880, to William Libbey. (q. v.), son of 
William and Elizabeth (Marsh) Libbey. 

Children : Elizabeth Marsh, born December 10, 1883 ; Amy 
Morse, born April 26, 1893; George Kennedy, born April 26, 1893, 
died April 27, 1894). 

Mary Elizabeth (Green) Libbey, is the wife of Professor William Lib- 
bey. (q. V.) of Princeton University, and smce 1914. has Ijeen President of 

the Colonial Dames of New 
Jersey. She is active also 
with the Daughters of the 
American Revolution. She 
was State Regent from 
1909 to 1911 and Vice Pres- 
ident of the General So- 
ciety of the D. A. R. from 
1912 to 1914. Her mterest 
in church work led to her 
election in 1911 to the posi- 
tion of President of the 
Women's Foreign Mission- 
ary Society of the Presby- 
tery of New Brunswick. 

Mrs. Libbey is a lineal 
descendant from Jonathan 
Dickmsou, once President 
of Prmceton College. Chan- 
cellor Henry W. Green, a 
distinguished New Jersey 
jurist was her grandimcle. 
William Henry Green, her father, a widely loiown theologian, was Chair- 
man of the American Old Testament Revision Committee, and for many 
years Senior Professor in Princeton Theological Seminary. 

Mrs. Libbey is a member of the Order of the Crown through her 
descent from Obadiah Bruen, one of the first settlers of Newark. 

Libbey 323 

Besides the organization membersliips already referred to, Mrs. Lib- 
bey is an ex-President of the Present Day Club of Princeton. 

WILLIAM LIBBEY— Princeton.— University Professor. Born 
at Jersey City, March 27, 1855 son of William and Elizabeth 
(Marsh) Libbey; married at Princeton, December 7th, 1880, to 
Mary Elizabeth Green, (q. v.), of Prmceton. 

Children : Elizabeth Marsh Libbey, born December 10, 1883 ; 
Amy Morse Libbey, born April 26, 1893 ; George Kennedy Libbey, 
born April 26, 1893, (died April 27, 1894.) 

William Libbey is a direct descendant of Lion Gardiner, of East 
Hampton, L. I., one of the celebrities of colonial times. Jedeliah Morse, 
author of the first American geography, and S. F. B. Morse, of telegraph 
fame, were flrst cousms of the family, and the same is true of Abram 
Clark, signer of the Declaration of Independence and of the Dayton's, father 
and son, of the Revolutionary forces of New Jersey. The family dates back 
to 1630 in this country, when six of the name were among the origiiial 

settlers of south A^estern Maine 
in the region of Portland. Over 
eighty members of the family 
were active participants in the 
Revolution. His father was for 
many years engaged in the dry 
goods Inismess of New York as 
the partner of A. T. Stewart, 
and was also a Director in sev- 
eral banks and railroads, as 
well as a Trustee of Princeton 
University, and the Theological 

Dr. Libbey has been Profes- 
sor of Physical Geography and 
Director of the E. M. Museum of 
Geology and Archaeology since 
1883, in Princeton University. 
He is a graduate of the Univers- 
ity, where he took the A. B. 
degree in 1877, and was given 
the A. M. and Sc. D. degrees two 
years later. He became Assistant Professor of Physical Geography in 1880, 
and of Histology in 1883, but resigned from the latter in 1902. His scien- 
tific work has consisted largely in exploration, in connection with which in- 
vestigations have been carried on in every State in the Union, Alaska, 
Mexico, Hawaii, Cuba, Greenland and Syria. For four years he had charge 
of the physical work of the U. S. Fish Commission, in the study of the Gulf 
Stream, and demonstrated its relations to the Labrador current ; incident- 
ally as a result of this work the tile fish was rediscovered, and its mysteri- 

"^ j4*!; 

324 Libbey 

ous disappearance accounted for. In recognition of tliis work Sir Jolin 
Murray named one of the deeper areas of tlie Atlantic, "Libbey Deep," in his 
honor, and he was made Vice President of tlie International Geographical 
Congress of 1896 m London. His study of the volcano of Kilauea, re- 
sulted in the discovery of the presence of hydrogen and other elements as 
gases accompanying the eruptions in Halemaumau. In recognition of an 
address before the British Association for the Advancement of Science up- 
on the subject of the distribution of earthquakes Prof. John Milne gave the 
name of "Libbey Zone" to the belt of earthquake activity which surrounds 
the globe. 

Dr. Libbey has taken a deep interest in the National (iuard of the 
State ; and from 1900 to 1906 was Captain of Company "L" of the Second 
Regiment. In the latter year he was made assistant inspector General of 
Rifle Practice of New Jersey with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and was 
promoted to Colonel in 1917. Since 1915 he has been President of the Na- 
tional Rifle Association. He is also Vice President of the New Jersey 
State Rifle Association, and has been adjutant of two International teams — 
one of the Olympic Team of 1912, which won the world's championship at 
Stockholm ; the other the United States Team, which won the Pan American 
championship. In 1916 he was Captain of the National Guard Team which 
won the championship of the United States in the I'nited Service match. 
He was honored by both (Jovernor Wilson and Fielder, by an appoint- 
ment upon the military staff of each. 

Dr. Libbey is Otficier de I'Academie, France ; and a member of Societe 
de Geographie and Societe de Geologie, of Paris ; Fellow of the Royal Geog- 
raphical Society and the Royal Geological Society of London ; Corres- 
ponding Member of the Geographical Society of (Jeneva. Honorary Member 
of the Geographical Society, Liverpool, England. He is also Vice President 
of the Geographical Society of Philadelphia. Fellow and Foreign Secretary 
of the American Geographical Society, Correspondmg Member of the Amer- 
ican Philosophical Society, the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, 
New York Academy of Sciences. Boston Society of Natural History ; a 
member of the New York Historical Society and of the Historical Society 
of New Jersey, the New England Society of New York, the A. A. A. S. and 
the Geological Society of America ; member and Vice President of the So- 
ciety of American Naturalists, of the National Geographic Society. General 
Secretary of the S. R.. President of the New Jersey Society of S. R., Gov- 
ernor of the New Jersey Society of Colonial Wars and Governor (ieneral 
of the Order of Fomiders and Patriots. 

Among the products of his pen are the book entitled "Jordan Valley 
and Petra," and in collaboration with Dr. Franklin E. Hoskius, and the 
Smithsonian Physical and Meteorological Tables, besides many scientifie 
articles m journals and newspapers. 

In 1910 he was nommated for Congress by the Democratic party of 
the Fourth Congressional District, and came within 200 votes of being 
elected in a strongly republican district. He has l>een active in promotmg 
the interests of the town in which he lives, having started and managed 
the Water works for many years — and also having been a manager of the 
Gas Company for several years until its dissolution. At present he is 
Vice President of both the First National Bank and the Princeton Savings. 



Bank. He is also Vice President of the MeKinley Memorial Hospital of 


JOSEPH CROSBY LINCOLN— Hackensack, (370 Summit Ave.) 
-Author. Born at Brewster, Mass., February 13. 1870 ; son of 
Joseph and I]mily (Crosby) Lincoln; married on May 12, 1897, to 
Florence E. Sargent, of Chelsea, Mass. 

After leaving school in Chelsea, Mr. Lincoln entered the office of a 
Boston mercantile house, where he remained for some years. Havmg a 
fondness for drawing, in 1896, he entered the illustrating class of Henry 
Sandham, then President of the Boston Art Club and one of America's 
foremost illustrators. Mr. Lincoln studied with Mr. Sandham for a year, 
and during that time did some illustrative work for advertising purposes 

and for the lesser magazines. 

Durmg that time also he be- 
gan to write verses and humor- 
ous sketches. His work in these 
lines attracted the attention of 
Sterling Elliott, President of the 
League of American Wheelmen, 
an organization with 125,000 
members. As President of the 
League, Mr. Elliott was pul)lish- 
er of the "L. A. W. Bulletin," 
its official organ. He offered 
Mr. Lincoln an editorial position 
on the "Bulletin,"" and the offer 
was accepted. 

Mr. Lincoln remained with 
the "Bulletin" for two years, 
contributing to its columns 
verses and jokes, as well as edi- 
torial matter. Many of the verses 
written for the "Bulletm"" are 
now included in his book of 
verses, "Cape Cod Ballads." 
His work attracted attention and he received requests from the 
editors of various periodicals for contributions. In 1899 he gave up his 
position with the "Bulletui."' and decided to enter the literary field as a 
"free lance."' He and Mrs. Lincohi left Chelsea, where they had resided, 
and came to New York, living ui Brooklyn for some months, and then re- 
movmg to Hackensack, which has since been their home. 

Mr. Lhicoln, although then, as now, a regular contril)Utor to the leadmg 
magazines, did not attempt the writing of a long story until 1904, when 
"Cap'n Eri" appeared. Since then, his novels have occupied the most of 
his time. 

326 Lindabury 

From 1903 to 1906, lie was the editor of the "Bullethi of tlie American 
Institute of Bank Clerks," the educational organization conducted l).v the 
American Bankers' Association. As his literary work became more con- 
fining, he gave up all editorial labors. He is the author of "Cape Cod Bal- 
lads," (1902) ; "Cap'n Eri," (1904) ; "Partners of the Tide." (1905) ; "Mr. 
Pratt," (1906) ; "The Old Home House," (1907) ; "Cy Whittaker's Place," 
(1908) ; "Our Village," (1909) ; "Keziah Coffin," (1909) ; "The Depot Mas- 
ter," (1910) ; "Cap'n Warren's Wards," (1911) ; "The Woman Haters," 
(1911) ; "The Postmaster," (1912) ; "Rise of Rosecoe Paine," (1912) ; "Mr. 
Pratt's Patients," (1913) ; "Cap'n Dan's Daughter," (1914) ; "Kent 
Knowles, Quahaug," (1914) ; "Thankful's Inheritance," (1915) ; and 
"Mary Gusta," (1916). 

Mr. Lincoln's writings all deal with Cape Cod and Cape Cod i>eople. 
As a boy he lived on the Cape, laiew the old sailors and ship masters and 
imbibed the 'long-shore and salt water atmosphere. 

With Mr. William Danforth, of Chicago, he is the author of one play, a 
dramatization of his novel, "Cy Whittaker's Place," in which Thomas 
Wise, the well-known actor, appeared as the star. 

He is a member of the Authors' League and the Dutch Treat Club of 
New York and of the Hackensack Golf Clul). 

Mr. Lincoln has a summer home at Chatham. Mass. 


RICHARD VLIET LINDABURY — Bernardsville. — Lawyer. 
Born at Peapack, October 13, 1850 ; son of .lacob H. and Mary 
Ann (Vliet) Lindabury; married July 8, 1892, to Lillie V. S. 
Dinger, daughter of Albert Van Saun. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lindabury have one son and two daughters surviv- 

Richard Y. Lindabury's father was a farmer in Somerset county ; and 
Mr. Lindabury spent his early years between the farm and the district 
school. He seems to have been rather disposed to the ministry in his 
youth; and the Rev. Henry P. Thompson, pastor of the Dutch Reformed 
Church which his family attended, undertook to tutor him for the calling. 
A college preparation was in contemplation. But, after three years had 
been devoted to the study to fit him for admission, a serious sickness inter- 
vened to change his plans ; and the tender of a clerk-ship in the ofl5ce of 
ex-Congressman Alvah A. Clark pointed his ambitions towards the legal 

Admitted to the bar at the February term of 1874, he opened an ofiice 
in Bound Brook, but the field was small and he changed his locality to 
Elizabeth and afterwards to Newark. There in 1896, he established the law 
firm of Lindabury, Depue & Faulks, which is still practicing with offices in 
the Prudential Building. As counsel for certain stockholders he success- 
fully opposed the merger of the Prudential Insurance Company with the 
Fidelity Trust Company in 1902. In 1905 he was employed to represent 



both tlie Prudential aud Metropolitan Insurance Companies before the 
Armstrong investigating committee in New York, and in 1906 was elected 
General Counsel for the Prudential, a position which he has held ever 

Mr. Lindabury's skill as a corporation lawyer has commanded attention 
outside New Jersey as well as in it ; and he has appeared in many of the 
most noted of recent year cases. When the Singer Sewing Machine Com- 
pany charged the state of New Jersey with having taxed it in violation of 
its charter contract with the state, he was in court as the Company's 
counsel and won a decision in its favor. As counsel of the American To- 
bacco Company, he also resisted the State's attempt to dissolve it as a 
monopoly in restraint of trade. The sensational litigation that grew out 
of the controversy over the attempt of what was known as the "Rump 

Senate" to bar out newly 
elected members in 1SJ)2, 
brought him again to the 
front as counsel and ad- 
viser. The democratic hold- 
overs in the Senate of that 
year, claimed that a certi- 
ficate of election did not 
constitute a title to a seat 
hi the Senate, but that, un- 
der the constitutional pro- 
vision which makes the 
Senate the judge of the 
election and returns of its 
members, a member elect 
"^x could not be seated imtil 


the hold-over Senators had 
passed upon and accepted 
his credentials. The hold- 
over Senators were demo- 
crats, those claiming seats 
were republicans ; and the 
refusal of the "hold-overs" 
to admit the others to the chamber provoked an almost riotous demonstra- 
tion at the State House. Mr. Lindabury and Frederic W. Stevens, now 
Vice Chancellor, were retained by the State and they succeeded in com- 
pelling the rival senates to submit their respective claims to the Supreme 
Court, which seated the republicans. 

That was the second great state tumult in which Mr. Lindabury had 
been a leading figure. While he was still practicing law in Elizabeth, the 
race track issue became an absorbing one all over the common wealth. The 
jockeys, who had already opened all-the-year around courses at Guttenberg 
at one end of the State and at Gloucester at the other end, also opened at 
Clifton in Passaic and at Linden in Union, other tracks that drew hordes 
of undesirable sports. They felt themselves in such absolute control of the 
state that they put a Gloucester track "starter" in the Speakers chair in the 
House of Assembly and, when protests against their seizure of the govern- 

328 Lmdenthal 

meiit poured into the Houses of the Legislature, refused even to permit 
them to be read. 

The people of Union felt particularly outraged by the invasion of their 
coimty, and great mass meetings were held to arrange a demonstration at 
Trenton that would force the attention of the jockey legislators. The 
white-haired Parson Kempshall was second only to Mr. Lindabury m firing 
these monster gatherings to the burning point. The movement became in- 
fectious ; and an army of indignant citizens stormed the State Capital and 
took possession of the jockey Speaker's chair. The excitement did not 
abate until it had culminated in a movement for an amendment to the 
state constitution that would forever rob the racuig resorts of their chief 
attraction. The proposed new clause of the state's charter forbade gamb- 
ling in any of its forms. 

It was the issue m the campaign of the succeeding fall. Mr. Lindal>ury 
in Union was first among those who took the platform in advocacy of the 
amendment ; and the people, at a special referendum, ordered it into the 
state constitution. The jockeys \^'ere hurled from power, and the democratic 
party, whose chiefs m the state had countenanced them, lost control of the 
state for many years afterwards. The race track people attacked the 
amendment on legal grounds; and Mr. Lmdabury was of the counsel who 
pleaded successfully m the courts for its retention. 

It is in the courts outside the State however that Mr. Lindabury has 
been most largely hi the eye of the nation. He was the chief comisel of the 
United States Steel Corporation in the suit set on foot by the United States 
Government to dissolve it as in violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Law. 
The trial was before Judges Buflington, Himt, McPherson and Woolley. 
Associated with Mr. Lindsbury were Joseph H. Choate of New York, John 
G. Johnson of Philadelphia. C. A. Severance of St. Paul, and David A. Keed 
of Pittsl)urgh. Soon after the courts had decided against the government 
in the litigation Mr. Lindabury became, by the retirement of Franics L. 
Stetson, the General Counsel of the Steel Corporation. 

Quite as conspicuous were his parts in the New Haven Railroad con- 
troversies and in the Pujo Congressional Committee's investigation of the 
"Money Trust." He was the personal counsel of the late John P. Morgan 
ui the "Money Trust" investigation and represented both Mr. Morgan and 
William Rockefeller m the New Haven litigation. 

Mr. Lindabury was honored with the degree of L. L. D. by Rutger's 
College in 1904, and by Princeton University in 1915. He has a farm at 
Bernardsville, covering several hundred acres which is noted for its fine 
herd of Guernsey cattle. 

He is President of the New Jersey Interstate Park Commission and a 
memlter f)f several leading clubs in New York and New Jersey. 


GUSTAV LINDENTHAL—Metuchen.— Civil Engineer. Born at 
Brmm, Austria, May 21, 1850 ; son of Dominik and Franciska 
(Schmutz) Linden thai: married at New York, on July 10, 1902, 
to Gertrude, daughter of Leopold and Matilda Weil (Mrs. Linden- 

Linden thai 


thai died October 21, 1905) : — 2nd married at Durham, N. C, on 
February 19, 1910, to Carrie, daughter of Charles M. Herudon. 
Children : Franciska, born November 24, 1913. 

Gustav Lindenthal had made his name particularly well known among 
New Jersey people by his advocacy of the construction of a bridge across 
the North River from the Jersey Heights to New York, as early as 
1887. The bridge was planned under the Pennsylvania Railroad auspices 
hy the North River Bridge Company, and $100,000,000 was its contemplated 
cost. In the fall of 1901, however, the Pennsylvania Railroad Company de- 
cided to enter New York through tunnels imder the river and the proposed 
bridge was postponed to a more propitious time. Mr. Lindenthal was one 
of the Board of Engineers who designed and directed all of the tunnel 

work under the North and East 
Rivers in connection with the 
large Pennsylvania Railroad 
station in Manhattan. 

Mayor Seth Low, m 1902, 
named him Commissioner of 
Bridges for New York City. In 
that relation he established the 
practice of architectural design- 
ing of the city's bridge struc- 
tures, and made plans for the 
Blackwells Island (now Queens- 
boro Bridge), over the East 
River, and the Manhattan 
Bridge and for the reconstruc- 
tion of the old Brooklyn Sus- 
pension Bridge ; also the first 
design for a gigantic combined 
Bridge Terminal and Municipal 

The Hell Gate Bridge over the 
East River, designed and built 
by Mr. Lmdenthal, is the largest 
steel arch l)ridge in the world. It carries four railroad tracks over a 
span of 1017 feet between towers. Crossing from Long Island to Wards 
Island, it forms part of a masonry and steel viaduct three miles long in- 
cluding a long In-idge over Little Hell Gate and a Lift Bridge over Bronx 
Kill. The bridge work contains 90.000 tons of steel and cost about 

Mr. Lindenthal obtained his college education in Brunn and Vienna. 
He began his professional career as an assistant in the engmeering depart- 
ment of the Austrian Empress Elizabeth Railroad in 1870. He was assis- 
tant engineer of the Union Construction Co. (Union Baugesellschaft) in 
Vienna, engaged in building an inclined plane and railroad (lS72-"73), and 
was division engineer of the Swiss National Railroad, in charge of location 
and construction durmg 1873-'74. In 1874 he emigrated to America and has 
achieved a foremost place among the leading engineers of the United 

330 Lines 

States. He was first engaged as assistant engineer in tlie erection of the 
Centennial Extiibition permanent buildings in Philadelphia during 1874- 
1877 ; then with the Keystone Bridge Co. until 1879, engaged on bridge con- 
struction in Chicago and Pittsburgh, and during 1879-'81 was bridge engi- 
neer of the Atlantic & Great Western Railroad, now known as the New 
York, Pennsylvania & Ohio Railroad of the Erie System. Thereafter Mr. 
Lindenthal established himself as an Independent engineer with his main 
ofiice in Pittsburgh, where he had a large professional practice. It in- 
cluded the building of many important bridge structures, too numerous to 
mention, the surveys and construction of railroads, trolley lines, wharves, 
tunnels and difficult foundations. In 1892 Mr. Lindenthal transferred his 
office from Pittsburgh to New York, but his practice as advisory and con- 
sulting engineer on bridge, tunnel and railroad construction extends to all 
parts of the continent and also abroad. 

Mr. Lindenthal is the author of numerous professional papers and re- 
ceived the Rowland prize from the American Society of Civil Engmeers in 
1883. He received from the Polytechnical School in Dresden the degree of 
Doctor of Eugmeering honoris causa, the only American Engineer so 
honored by a German University. Mr, Lindenthal also received the gold 
medal at the International Technical Art Exhibition in Leipzig in 1913 
for his plans of the Hell Gate arch bridge. He is a Fellow of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science, a member of the Institution 
of Civil Engmeers in London, of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 
the Canadian Society of Civil Engmeers, Correspondmg Member of the 
Ingenieur and Architekten-Yerein in Yienna, member of the Yerein Deut- 
scher Maschinen Ingenieure and of other professional societies, member of 
the Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York and of the State of 
New Jei'sey, and of the Merchants Association of New York, and of several 
social clubs in New York. His country estate near Metuchen is known as 
"The Lindens." 

EDWIN STEVENS LINES— Newark.— Bishop of Newark. Born 
at Naugatuck, Conn., November 23, 1845 ; son of Henry W. and 
Harriet (Bunnell) Lines; married Mary L. Morehouse, of West 
Haven, Conn., May 4, 1880. 

Children : Surviving ai-e Edwin M., born ISSl ; Harold S., born 

Bishop Lines is at the head of the Diocese of Newark of the Episcopal 
Church, and is the author of several historical papers. He was educated 
at the Episcopal Academy of Connecticut, and graduated from Yale with 
the A. B. degree in 1872 and from the Berkeley Divinity School two years 
later. Yale conferred the D. D. degree in 1897, Berkeley in 1904, Princeton 
University in 1911, and Rutgers in 1917. 

Dr. Lines was made Deacon and Priest of the Episcopal Church in 
1874 ; and, became at once the rector of Christ Church in West Haven. In 
1879 he accepted the rectorship of St. Paul's Church, New Haven, Conn., 
and continued there until 1903. The Diocesan Convention of Newark in 

Lipmaii 331 

1903 elected him Bishop of Newark to succeed the late Right Rev. Thomas 
A. Starkey, D. D. 

Bishop Lines is a member of the General Missionary Board and of 
various commissions of the Episcopal Church. 


JACOB GOODALE LIPMAN— New Brunswick.— Soil Chemist 
and Bacteriologist. Born in Friedrichstadt, Russia, on Novem- 
ber 18th, 1874; son of Michael and Ida (Birkhalm) Lipman ; 
married at New York City, November 26th, 1902, to Cecelia Rosen- 
thal, daughter of Herman and Hannah Rosenthal. 

Children : Leonard Herzl, born 1901 ; Edward Voorhees and 
Daniel Hilgard, born 1911. 

Jacob G. Lipman is Director of the New Jersey Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station and Dean of Agriculture in Rutger's College and of the State 
University of New Jersey. 

His early schooling was obtamed under private tutors in Moscow and 
in the classical gymnasium in Orenburg. After coming to the United States 

in 1888, he was for a time em- 
ployed in a law office in New 
York City. In 1891 he removed 
with his parents to Woodbine 
(Cape May Co.) and became 
one of the pioneer farmers ui 
that locality. Having become in- 
terested in agriculture he decid- 
ed to take up the study of the 
agriculture sciences, and, accord- 
ingly, after a period of prepara- 
tion at the Baron de Hirsch 
Agricultural School, entered 
Rutger's College in the fall of 
1894. He took the degree of 
B. Sc. at Rutgers in 1898, and 
by Cornell was given the degree 
of A. M. hi 1900 and Ph. D. in 

Dr. Lipman was made Assis- 
tant Chemist at the Agricultural 
Experiment Station in 1898, and 
in 1901, Soil Chemist and Bacteriologist. From 1902 to 1906 he was in- 
structor in Agricultural Chemistry, and then for a year was assistant Pro- 
fessor of Agriculture m Rutger's College. In 1906 he became associate 
Professor and m 1907 Professor of Soil Chemistry and Bacteriology. He 
was made Professor of Agriculture hi 1913 and Dean of Agriculture in 
1915, Incidental to his work at the Experiment Station and in the College, 
he was lecturer at the University of Illinois and Cornell University in 

332 Lippincott 

1906, at the University of Tennessee in '09, '10, at the Iowa Agricultural 
College in 1910 and at the University of Nebraska in 1911. 

Dr. Lipman is a Fellow of the A. A. A. S., member of the National 
Research Council, the American Public Health Association, the American 
Chemical Society, Society for the Promotion of Agricultural Science, the 
American Society of Agronomy, the Association of Official Agricultural 
Chemists, the Society of American Bacteriologists, the Washington 
Academy of Science, the New Jersey State Sanitary Association, the New 
Brunswick Scientific Society, the New Jersey Science Teachers" Associa- 
tion, the Sigma XI, Phi Beta Kappa, etc. 

Dr. Lipman has written much upon the subject of which he has made 
a special study. He is the author of "Bacteria in Relation to Coimtry 
Life," (1908); "Laboratory Guide of Soil Bacteriology. (1912); one of 
the authors of Marshall's Microbiology and numerous technical papers on 
soils, soil bacteriology and agronomy. He is editoi--in-chief of "Soil 
Science," a technical monthly devoted to problems in soil fertility. He is 
also assistant editor of the "Journal" of the American Society of Agronomy. 

Dr. Lipman's club memberships are with the Rutger's Faculty Club, 
the Scarlet, the Somerville Coiuitry and the New Brunswick Country. 


JOB H. LIPPINCOTT— Newark. (742 Parker Street. )— Con- 
tractor. Born in Jersey City. September 11, 18S0 ; son of Job H. 
and Keziah M. Lippincott ; married at Jersey City, April 15, 1908 
to Alice Evarts, daughter of Charles E. Evarts of Jersey City. 

Children: Job H. ; Elizabeth E. 

Job H. Lippincott first came into public notice when Henry O. Witt- 
penn, now Naval Officer of the Port of New York, was Mayor of Jersey 
City. Mr. Lippincott has a natural aptitude for politics — his father had 
been ui the swim before him — and he was an effective worker for Mr. 
Wittpenn's election. Subsequently he organized the Yomig Men's Auxiliary 
Committee as an adjunct to the Democratic State Committee and rendered 
A'aluable service hi some of the gubernatorial and presidential campaigns. 

In recognition of his work in his behalf. Mayor Wittpenn appointed 
Mr. Lippmcott a member of the City Excise Board, and later to a seat on 
the Police Board. Mr. Lippincott eventually became President of the 
Police Board and served there until the Mayor appointed him a Tax Com- 

Mr. Lippmcott was an ardent supporter of the candidacy of Woodrow 
Wilson for Governor in the campaign of 1910 ; and when Gov. Wilson 
appointed David S. Crater to be Secretary of State, Mr. Crater selected 
Mr. Lippincott as Assistant Secretary of State. In connection with his 
duties as Assistant Secretary Mr. Lippincott was given charge of motor 
vehicles, and he organized the state's machinery for dealing with the 
owners of autos that were then coming into general use. The auto 
prevalence made new roads and traffic regulations necessary, and Mr. 

Lloyd 333 

Lippincott was Chairman of the Commission that drafted the present 
New Jersey Traffic Act, the first of its kind passed by any state in the 
Union. When Secretary of State Crater died, Mr. Martui, who succeeded 
him, displaced Mr. Lippincott as Assistant Secretary of State and Com- 
missioner of Motor Vehicles with James B. Dill, of Paterson ; and Mr. 
Lippincott engaged in the contracting business with Warren Brothers 
Company at 51 Church Street, New York. 

Mr. Lippincott's father was the noted Justice of the Supreme Court 
before whom the ballot box stuffing fraternity in Jersey City was tried in 
the 80's and by whom sixty-four of them were sent to the state prison. 
Mr. Lippmcott was educated at Hasbrouck Institute, Jersey City and at 
Rutgers College and upon leaving school was engaged by the Commercial 
Trust Company. He is a member of the Machinery Club, (New York 
City), the Cartaret Club, (Jersey City), and the Union and Forest Hill 
Golf Clubs of Newark. 


FRANK T. LLOYD— Camden.— Jurist. Born at Middletown, 
Del., on October 29, 1859 ; son of Horatio Gates and Carolme 
Elizabeth (Newell) Lloyd; married at Camden, on February 22, 
1887, to Mary E. Pelouze, daughter of John A. and Anna B. 
Pelouze, of Philadelphia. 

Children : Ethel Lea, born December 22, 1887 ; Frank T. Jr., 
born Jmie 25, 1895 ; Mary P., born July 30, 1899. 

Frank T. Lloyd had already become mterested in public affairs when 
New Jersey was torn by the excitements attending the excesses of the 
"Jockey Legislature" of 1893. The race track men had captured control 
of both houses ; and Thomas Flynn, Speaker of the Assembly, was the 
starter at Thompsons track in Gk)ucester City. Gloucester City is in the 
immediate vicinity of Camden and the people there were particularly agi- 
tated. The demonstrations agamst them, begun in Elizabeth, found ready 
echo at the other end of the state ; and Mr. Lloyd was a large factor in 
organizing the sentiment for action, and crystalizing it into a law and order 
body which finally brought the gaml)lers to book in prosecutions under the 
laws passed in lS95-'96. 

In later years when Mr. Lloyd was m the legislature the "marrying 
business" of the parsons of Camden and other parts of the state had risen 
into a scandal of scarcely less magnitude. He was elected to the Assembly 
for the two terms at '96 and '97, being in the latter of these years Chair- 
man of the House Judiciary Committee. The states of New York and 
Pennsylvania had, then, just both passed laws requiruig marriage license; 
and couples who, for one reason or another, did not care to comply with 
the regulations, swarmed across the ferries from Philadelphia and New 
York to avail themselves of the easier marrying system prevalent here. 
Some ministers at the two ends of the state found a bonanza m the wed- 
ding fees. Their rivalries for wedding fees m the end made an unwhole- 


some scandal that in time forced the Legislature to drastic suppressive 

The fore-shadow of these conditions came during Judge Lloyd's term 
in the Assembly; and he planned and drew and secured the passage of 
new laws regulating the marriage ceremony. The act, requiring among 
other things the license that had already been enacted in New York and 
Pennsylvania, has since been known as the "Lloyd Marriage Law." The 
more scandalous conditions that arose later required the enactment of 
even more drastic legislation for their suppression. 

Judge Lloyd's line runs back into Colonial history. The Lloyds and 
Newells are familiar names in its history. He was educated at the Middle- 
town Academy ; and, going to Camden, in 1S75, with a view of becoming a 
lawyer, took up the work of a printer for the means of livelihood mean- 
while. While he was "at the 
case", he entered his name in 
the law office of James Otter- 
son in Philadelphia and was ad- 
mitted in 1882 as a member of 
the bar of the State of Penn- 
sylvania. Fifteen years later 
he was admitted to the bar of 
New Jersey and became a coun- 
selor in February, 1900. In 
1889 the Prosecutor of Camden 
county died ; and the court de- 
signated Mr. Lloyd to serve ad 
interim. Gov. Voorhees in 1900 
named him to the Senate for 
Prosecutor for the full term, 
and Gov. Stokes in 1905, re- 
appointed him. A year later 
Gov. Stokes promoted him to the 
Bench of the Circuit Court, and 
his reappointment by Gov. Fiel- 
der in 1914, is noted as the first 
instance in which a Governor 
has given reappointment in that court to a member of the opposite party. 
The bar of Judge Lloyd's Circuit was imanimous in requesting it. 

Judge Lloyd was also a member of the Franchise Commission whose 
recommendations were subsequently enacted into law. His memberships 
are with the American Institute for Scientific Research, the English So- 
ciety for Psychical Research, the American Geographical Society, and the 
American Defense Associations. He is connected with the Presbyterian 

CHESTER LOOMIS — Englewood. — Portrait and Landscape 
Painter. Born near Syracuse, N. Y., Oct. IS, 1852 ; son of Chauncey 



C. aud Lucj' E. Loomis ; married at Kansas City, Mo., Aug. 23, 18S3, 
to Sarah S. Dana, daugliter of Cliarles S. Dana, of St. Johnsbury, 
Vt., and later of Kansas City, Mo. 

Children : Charles Dana, born in Paris, France, in 1884 ; John 
Putnam, born in Englewood, in 1888. 

Chester Loomis spent the thirteen years following 1872 almost con- 
tinuously in Paris, and during his residence there, exhibited five or six 

times in the annual Paris Sa- 
lon. He has pictures in many 
public and private collections 
and mural pamting in the Al- 
pha Delta Phi House at Cornell 
University and in the Engle- 
wood Public Library. He has 
besides painted many portraits 
and figure pictures and land- 

Mr. Loomis's ancestors on his 
father's side came from Eng- 
land in 1637, and settled in 
Connecticut. On his mother's 
side there is a strain of Holland 
blood, but there too the Eng- 
lish strain predominates. He 
acquired his schooling in a pri- 
vate school in Syracuse and 
subsequently attended Cornell 
University. It was after leav- 
ing the University in 1872 that 
he spent the years, in Paris. Two years after his return to this country 
he became a resident of this State, and has since made his home in 

Mr. Loomis is an associate of the National Academy of Design, and a 
member of the Society of American Artists, the Mural Painters, the Archi- 
tectural League of New York, the National Arts Club and the Artists' 
Fund Society. 


JAMES M. LUDLOW— East Orange, (119 North Arlmgtou 
Avenue) — Clergyman and Author. Born at Elizabethtown, March 
15th, 1841; son of Ezra and Deborah (Crane) Ludlow; married 
on July 5th, 1865 at Albany, N. Y., to Emma, daughter of David 
and Julia (Pierson) Orr, of Albany. 

Children: Julia Orr, wife of Therou Rockwell; David O. (died) ; 
William O. ; Eleanor, wife of William J. Hiss ; Edith, wife of 
Spencer S. Marsh ; Grace ; Frederick Orr. 

The Rev. Dr. James M. Ludlow has filled some of the choicest pulpits 

336 Lusk 

in this part of the country and liis name as an author is known to large- 
circles of readers. His family is descended on the father's side from one 
(.f the founders of the Southampton Colony on Long Island, and on the 
mother's side from one of the founders of the Elizabethtown Colony. 

Dr. Ludlow entered Princeton College m 1858, graduating in 1861, 
and studied divinity at Princeton Theological Seminary, graduating in 
1864. For several months he was assistant pastor of the Second Presby- 
terian Church, Elizabeth. From 1865 to 1869 he was pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church, Albany, N. Y., and from 1869 to 1877, a minister 
of the Collegiate Reformed Dutch Church, Fifth Avenue and Forty-eighth 
street. New York City. From 1877 to 1885 he was in charge of West- 
mmster Presbyterian Church, Brooklyn ; and from 1886 to 1910 pastor of 
the First Presbyterian Church, Mmni Avenue, East Orange. On resign- 
ing this charge he was elected Pastor Emeritus of the Church. 

Dr. Ludlow has been given the degree of Doctor of Divmity by Wil- 
liams College, and, with that of Doctor of Literature, by Princeton Uni- 
versity. He has contributed largely to editorial and magazine literature. 
Among his published books are, "A Man for A' That," "Concentric Chart 
of History," "The Captam of the Janizaries," (a story of All>ania and 
Constautmople in the Fifteenth Century), "A King of Tyre," (a tale of 
old Phoenicau days), "That Angelic Woman," "The Baritone's Parish," 
"Incentives for Life," "Discovery of Self," "Deborah," (a story of the 
Times of Judas Maccabaeus), "Judge West's Opinion," (essays m optim- 
ism), "Sir Raoul," (a tale of Venice and Constantinople in the Thirteenth 
Century), and "Avanti !" (the redemption of Sicily in 1860). 

Mrs. Ludlow died in 1909. Theron Rockwell, husband of his daughter, 
Julia Orr, is of East Orange. Dr. Ludlow's son, William Orr, is an archi- 
tect of the firm of Ludlow & Peabody, New York City; William J. Hiss, 
husband of his daughter, Eleanor, is the General Manager of the South- 
western Telephone Company. St. Louis ; Spencer S. Marsh, husband of 
his daughter, Edith, is of the North Ward Bank, Newark, and his son, 
Frederick Orr, is of the Southwestern Telephone Company, St. Louis. 

Since his retirement from the active ministry. Dr. Ludlow has spent 
much time in Italy. He is a Director of Union Theological Semmary, a 
member of the Authors Club, and a life member of the Long Island His- 
torical Society, the New Jersey Historical Society, the National Historical 
Society, the Washington Association of New Jersey, and connected with 
various similar Associations. 

Dr. Ludlow has a summer home in Norfolk, Conn. 

DAVIS WILLIAM LUSK— Newark, (48 Berkeley Avenue.) — 
Clergyman. Born in Washington Comity, Pa. ; son of Jonathan 
and Jane N. (Davis) Lusk; married at Newark, October 23, 
1883, to Martha Louise Winans, daughter of W^illiam H. and 
Sarah M. (Dickerson) Winans, of Newark. 

Lusk 337 
Childreu : Mary Edith ; Davis Winans ; Mildred Dickersoii. 

Davis William Lusk is Presbyterial Superintendent of the Presby- 
tery of Newark, Permanent Clerk of the Presbytery, President of the 
Job Haines Home for Aged People, President of the Presbyterian Hospital 
in Newark, Secretary of the New Jersey Temperance Society, and since 
1887 has been either Secretary, Treasurer or Chairman of the Committee 
of Presbyterial Church Extension m the Presbytery of Newark. Dr. 
Lusk's work as Presbyterial Superintendent has to do with the advance 
work of the Presbytery, especially among the foreign speaking people, 
and includes Newark, Bloomfield, Moutclair, Caldwell, Verona, Arlington, 
Kearny and Irvmgton. He entered upon this particular service in 1910 
and one year later he relinquished the pastorate of the Sixth Presby- 
terian Church, Newark, where he had served for twenty-six years. 

Frank C. Haines gave the initial money for the founding of the Job 
Haines Home for Aged People, named in memory of his father, who was 
an elder in Dr. Lusk's Church. This was done at the suggestion of Dr. 
Lusk, who, elected Vice President, served in that capacity until in 1910 
he was elected President to succeed Dr. Frazer. He was one of the princi- 
pal founders of the Presbyterian Hospital, and became President of its 
Board of Trustees October 5, 1910. The hospital has grown into one of 
the important institutions of the city. 

Dr. Lusk is of Scotch and Scotch-Irish descent, the family coming 
originally from Ayershire, Scotland ; but his father was born in Allegheny 
County, Penna., and his mother in Washington County, Penna., Washing- 
ton County was celebrated for three things — fine wool sheep, winter wheat 
and Presbyterian preachers — and is said to have produced more Presby- 
terian preachers than any other similar territory in the world. As a boy 
he attended a district school. Following this he went for a short time 
to a private teacher, and then was a student in Canonsburg Academy, — 
which occupied the buildings of the former Jefferson College before removal 
and union with Washington College. In 1873 he entered Westminster 
College, New Wilmington, Pa. He was Junior orator in 1876. In 1877 
he was graduated and in the Fall of that year entered Union Theological 
Seminary (New York) from which he was graduated in 1880. In 1905 he 
received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from Westminster College. 

Dr. Lusk was ordained on March 2G, 1881 in the United Presbyterian 
Church, known as the Scotch Church, the site of which, in Clinton Street, 
Newark, is now occupied by a commercial building. He served this 
Church until in the summer of 1883, he was called to the Seventh United 
Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia, where he served until the Spring 
of 1885. On April 1, that year, he accepted a call to the Sixth Presby- 
terian Church, Newark. During his pastorate in the Sixth Church, a 
new church edifice with institutional appointments was erected in a new 
location, and the beginning made for a permanent endowment. Its motto 
at the entrance — "This Church is conducted in the interest of the people 
outside of it" — has made it known across the comitry. During Dr. Lusk's 
pastorate more than eleven hundred members were received into the 
Church, mostly on confession of faith. 

Dr. Lusk was one of the principal founders of the Presbyterian Union 

338 I.yoii 

and served for iiiueteeu years as its Executive Director. In 1908 he was 
Moderator of tlie Synod of New Jersey. Previously he had served as 
Moderator of the Presbytery of Newark. He has served as Commissioner 
to the sessions of the General Assembly of the Church held at Saratoga, 
Los Angeles and Atlanta, and is recognized as an authority on Church 
matters, specially relating to his own city and community. 

Dr. Lusk served on the Grand Jury, of which Frederick Freling- 
huysen was foreman, during the administration of Sherift Frank Sommer, 
and afterwards on the petit jury. He is a member of the Governing Board 
of the Bloomfield Theological Seminary, life member of the New Jersey 
Historical Society, represents the Newark Presbytery on the Committee 
of Synodical Home Missions, is a member of the Committee on the Exami- 
nation of Theological Students in the Presbytery, of the Men's Evangelistic 
Committee of Newark, of the Negro Welfare League of New Jersey and 
of the Society of Social Service Workers of Essex County; an Honorary 
member of the Forest Hill Golf Club ; the oldest member of Kappa 
Chi. the oldest literary club among ministers in Newark ; and connected 
with Eureka Lodge F. & A. M. 

Of his children, Mary Edith is his secretary. Davis AVinans is a 
Forester and Mildred Dickerson a teacher. 


ADRIAN LYON— Perth Amboy, (84 Gordon Street.)— Lawyer. 
Born at Village Pluckemin. Somerset Co.. on July 25, 1869 ; son of 
William L. and Ursula (Sebring) Lyon: married at Athenia, on 
May 8, 1895, to Cornelia Post, daughter t)f John C. and Catherine 
E. Post, of Athenia. 

Children: Howard S., born 1896. 

Adrian Lyon has been closely identified with the Progressive move- 
ment of recent years in the National Republican party, and is also con- 
spicuous in Y. M. C. A. circles. He is President of the State Y. M, C. A. 
and was largely instrumental, besides, in the founding, and became 
tlie first President of the Perth Amboy Y. M. C. A. The political con- 
troversies of the day made him a delegate from the Third Congressional 
District to the National Republican Convention at Chicago that renominated 
President Taft, and to the National Progressive Convention held two 
months later, in Chicago also, that put Theodore Roosevelt m nomination 
against him. Retainmg his alliance with the Progressive party, he was 
a delegate also to the National Progressive Convention of 1916. 

The name of Henry Lyon, one of his direct forebears was the eiglith 
ou the agreement of the New Milford settlers of June 16, 1667, on which 
Roltert Treat was the first, and he was the first Treasurer of the Town 
of Newark. Mr. Lyon is a member of the Society of the Sons of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, admitted because his great-great-grandfather on his 
mother's side. Captain James Hill, was of the Sussex county militia in that 

Mapes 339 

struggle. He was educated in the public schools and qualified for the 
practice of law at the New York Law School, graduating from there in 
1894 with the LL. B. degree. He was admitted to the New Jersey Bar 
in 1S92, made a counselor in 1895 and opened an office m Perth Amboy. 

Mr. Lyon's public activities are almost co-incident with his profes- 
sionfjl work. He was Superintendent of the schools in Perth Amboy in 
'94, '95, and m '95 became City Attorney. He served in the New Jersey 

House of Assembly, sessions of 
1900-'01. In the latter year 
Gov. ^'oorhees appointed him 
Judge of the local District 
Court, and, serving there till 
1909, he was appointed by Gov. 
Fort. Law Judge of Middlesex 
county to fill the unexpired term 
of Theodore B. Booraem. Since 
January, 1913, he has been Ref- 
eree in Bankruptcy for the dis- 
trict of Middlesex county. 

Judge Lyon has been an elder 
in the First Presbyterian Church 
at Perth Amboy for nearly twen- 
ty years. Since 1899 he has 
been President of the Perth Am- 
boy Savings Institution ; since 
1893 Registrar, and a member, 
of the Board of East Jersey 
Proprietors, and was President 
of the New Jersey Bankers' As- 
sociation m 1910. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic lodges, including Chapter, Commandery and Salaam 
Temple of Mystic Shrme, of the Royal Arcanvim and of the East Jersey 
Club of Perth Amboy. 


VICTOR MAPES— Short Hills.— Playwright and Author. Born 
in New York City, March 10, 1870: son of Charles Victor and 
Martha (Halsted) Mapes; married in 1900, to Anna Louise Hoeke, 
daughter of William H. and Elizabeth Hoeke. of Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Children : James Jay, born October 3, 1902. 

Victor Mapes is a grandson on his father's side of Prof. James Jay 
Mapes, an emminent scientist and agriculturist. Major General Jonas 
Mapes, in chief command of the New York state forces in the war of 1812, 
is also of the father's line. His grandfather on his mother's side was 
Oliver Spencer Halsted, a widely known New Jersey lawyer, an intimate 

340 Mapes 

friend and adviser of Abraliam Lincoln and liimself a son of Oliver S. 
Halsted. once Chancellor of tlie state of New Jersey. He is a nephew of 
Mary Mapes Dodge, the founder and editor of the "St. Nicholas Maga- 
zme," and the author of much juvenile classic literature. 

Victor Mapes has lived in Short Hills, since 1907. Previous to that 
he lived in New York, with the exception of five years (1892-1896) which 
he spent in Paris, France. He prepared for college at Morse's School in 
New York City, entered Columbia University (New York) in 1887, and 
was graduated m 1891 at the head of his class. From 1892-1896 he studied 
dramatic literature and the art of play writing at the Sorbonne University, 
in Paris. 

Mr. Mapes began his literary career m 1891. when he became a reporter 
on the "New York Smi"' under Charles A. Dana. From 1892 to 1896, he 
acted as special correspondent of "The Sun" in Paris. Meanwhile, in 1895, 
he had written a three-act play in French entitled. "La Comtesse de 
Lisne," which was produced at the Theatre Mondain ua Paris, where it was 
favorably criticised and had a successful run— this being the first time a 

play written in French by 
an Anglo-Saxon was ever 
performed at a regular 
French theatre. 

In 1897 Mr. Mapes be- 
came Stage Manager for 
the Lyceum Theatre Com- 
pany in New York under 
Daniel Frohman and later 
went to Daly's theatre as 
general Stage Director for 
Daniel Frohman's enter- 
prises. From 1900 to 1902 
he was the "New York 
AVorld's" dramatic critic, 
mider the nom-de-plume, 
"Sidney Sharp." In 1906 
and 1907 he was induced to 
go to Chicago to become 
the first Director of the 
New (endowed) Theatre of 
Chicago. Since that time 
he has devoted himself ex- 
clusively to the writing of plays and books. 

Mr. Mape's best known play is "The Boomerang" (written in collabora- 
tion with Winchell Smith. ) This play, produced at the Belasco Theatre, 
New York, on August 10, 1915, had a consecutive run at that theatre of fif- 
teen months. Other well known plays of his are "Don Caesar's Return" 
(in which James K. Hackett was the star) : "Captain Barrmgton" (with 
Charles Richman) ; "The Curious Conduct of Judge Lagarde" (with "Wil- 
ton Lackaye) : "The Detective" (with Douglas Fairbanks) ; "The Under 
Current" (with Lena Ashwell) : "The New Henrietta" (in collaboration 
with Winchell Smith) and "Gallops" (in collaboration with David Gray). 

Martiii 341 

Mr. Mapes is also the author of two novels, "Partners Three" and "The 
Gilded Way" ; a book of criticism, "Duse and the French" and a number 
of magazme stories and articles. 

Mr. Mapes is a member of the University, Columbia and Lambs Clubs, 
the Phi Beta Kappa and the American Dramatists Society, all of New- 
York, the Maidstone Club of Long Island and the Baltusrol Golf Club. 

WILLIAM PARMENTEK MARTIN— Newark, (314 Sixth Ave.) 
— Born in Virginia City, Nev., October 8, 1871. 

William P. Martin was head and front of the Progressive movement 
in the republican party of New Jersey and an active worker for the cause 
until he went on the Bench as Presiding Judge of the Essex County Courts. 

Mr. Martin's first political position was as a member of the Common 
Council of Newark. For many years he was one of the most energetic in- 
fluences in the chamber and for six years was President of the Board. He 
made himself a recognized force in the republican politics of the State, 
when what is known as the "New Idea" movement started in the party. 
The movement had its inspiration in the effort to overthrow Major Carl 
Lentz, Chairman of the local County Committee. It was alleged that Ma- 
jor Lentz had assumed and acquired autocratic power in the matter of 
making nomhiations in Essex county and also in directing the policy of the 
local party and so not only dominating in county affairs but also exerting 
an influence in state affairs. It was chiefly through Mr. Martin's efforts 
that the Colby revolt that eventually overthrew Major Lentz was organized 
for its successful campaign work. 

The opponent^ of Major Lentz in the fall of 1906 put an entire local 
ticket in the field with Mr. Colby as a candidate for the State Senate and 
Mr. Martin among the candidates for seats in the Assembly. Mr. Martin 
organized the anti-Lentz canvass and threw himself with fiery energies in 
the effort to make it successful. Its triumph first in the nominating primaries 
and afterwards at the polls marked an epoch in the republican politics of 
the state. Having thus identified himself with the Progressive wing of the 
party, Mr. Martin was its consistent supporter to the end ; and, in the his- 
torical struggle between President Taft and ex-President Theodore Roose- 
velt, for the republican nomination for the Presidency in 1912, he was the 
warm advocate of President Roosevelt's candidacy. It was in recognition 
of his progressiveness that Gov. Wilson named him to the Senate for 
County Judge of Essex. The nomination was confirmed and Mr. Martin is 
still serving. 

Judge Martin is of an old New England family that came years ago 
to Union and Middlesex counties to settle. He was educated in the public 
schools of San Francisco and took a course at Columbia University Law 
School. In 1882 he entered the offices of Tracy, Boardman and Piatt, in 
New York City; and after his admission to the New York Bar he opened 
an office for practice in the Equitable Building. When he was admitted 
to the New Jersey Bar in 1893 he opened a branch office in Newark. 



Judge Martiu is a member of Lawyer's Club of Essex County, Liucoln 
Club of Roseville, Roseville Athletic Association, Bar Association of tlie 
City of New York, California Society of New York, University Club, Essex 
Comity Country Club, Newark Board of Trade, Republican and Lawyers 
Clubs of New York, and of several bodies in the Masonic Fraternity. 


JAiMES EDGAR MARTINE— Plaiufield.— Farmer. Born in New 
York City, August 25, 1850; son of Daniel W. and Anna Maria 
(Neher) Martme : married at Plainfield. in October, 1905. to Julia 
Edgar Rodman, daughter of Scott and Bessie Bayard (Lorillard) 
Rodman, of New York City. 

James E. Martine was the first man in the East to reach the United 
States Senate, as the result of a popular referendum. He achieved his 
seat in the Senate under the Preferential Senatorial Law that antedated 
the amendment to the Federal Constitution providing for the popular elec- 
tion of T'nited States Senators in all the states, and it was the crowning 
honor of a life devoted to the public service. Another of his distinctions — 

somewhat local — is that a large 
part of the city of Plainfield 
rests upon the farm his father 
owned and in the old home- 
stead of which, laiown as Cedar 
Brook House and erected in 
1717. Senator Martine still lives. 
Senator Martine who is of 
French and German origin, was 
only thirteen years old when his 
father died, and the cares of his 
estate devolved upon the yoimg 
man's shoulders. For thirty 
years he was engaged in prac- 
tical farming on the property ; 
^^_ .^^^^^^^^^ '^^^^ ^ large part of its area was 

^^^^H^QL ^^H^^^^^^^Pr olf into 

'^HI^H^BvbMJII^^^^^^^Hr and its sale brought him active- 

ly into the real estate field. 

He found time, however, from 
his other occupations, to engage 
in pul)lic affairs, and. a forceful 
orator, was frequently called to 
the platform in the interest of the democratic party, with which he has 
always been associated. Even in the first Bryan campaign, when the demo- 
crats of the East revolted against the so-called "silver heresy" of the demo- 
cratic National platform. Mr. Martine stood by the party colors, and was 
not only the warm advocate of Mr. Bryan's election but Mr. Bryan's close 
personal friend as well. 


Martine 343 
Mr. Martine's popularity made liis name desirable for party uses and 
he was frequently drafted from the ranks to run for political position" His 
party friends made him its candidate for various city offices. He was can- 
didate for Congress four times and for comity offices and upon one or two 
occasions for the gubernatorial nommation. But his mdependence made 
him not entirely acceptable to the ruling powers in the party, and the 
United States Senatorship is the only one of all for which he was named 
that he succeeded in achieving. 

In the state campaign of 1910 Mr. Martine's friends petitioned him to 
become a candidate, in the primary to be held under the Preferential Law 
for the United States Sen.nte and he entered the list. Some republicans 
were also candidates on the other side. Mr. Martine had an overwhelming 
lead on the democratic side; and. when the legislature of 1911 got together 
to ballot for a Senator to succeed .John Kean, republican, Mr. Martine's 
claims were pressed upon the attention of the democratic majority. Before 
the preferential primary was resorted to, the understanding had been that 
if the legislature were democratic, the seat in the Senate was to be -iven' 
to ex-United States Senator .James Smith, .Jr., of Newark. Mr. Smith" had 
not however gone into the primary, and Gov. Woodrow Wilson demanded 
that the democratic legislature pay respect to the expressed preference of 
the party voters and name Martine mstead. After a bitter struggle, in 
which Gov. Wilson participated warmly. Mr. Martine was made the cau- 
cus nominee ; and. at the joint meeting of the two Houses, elected to repre- 
sent the state in the United States Senate for the six vear term beginning 
March 4, 1911. " * s 

In the Senate, Mr. Martine served on eight promment Committees, and 
the records show that only one other senator answered to as many' roll- 
calls. He went to West Virginia as one of the Coal Miners Strike Commis- 
sion and was active and influential in restormg peace and order among the 
rioting miners. Uq was generally a supporter of the Administration, but 
he refused to follow the President's lead in the movement for the repeal 
of the Panama tolls law, and on other occasions stood m opposition to 
some presidential appointments which he felt were more ui the mterest of 
the Trusts than of the peo]»le. 

Senator Martine explained to the Senate as to the tolls' bill repealer, 
that in the previous session he had voted for the toll bill, that the platform 
of the Convention at Baltimore that had put Gov. Wilson in nomination 
for the Presidency had endorsed the bill, that the President himself had 
declared for it, in numerous speeches, and he regarded the repeal of it as 
against the best interests of the nation. 

In the Fall of 1916 Senator Martine filed his iietition, as a democratic 
candidate in the state primaries for re-election. Attorney General, John W. 
Wescott, filed a petition for senatorial support in the same primary. Mr. 
Wescott's candidacy had the tacit approval of the Federal Administration 
and of the democratic state organization, and the State press also largely 
supported Mr. Westcott. Senator Martine carried the primary by 30,000. 
On election day the democratic ticket, national and state, was over- 
whelmed by the republicans, and .Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, (rep.) was 
elected to replace him. 

344 Marquier 

Ex-Senator Martiue is a member of the Army and Navy Club of Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

ADOLPH F. MARQUIER— Newark, (1041 S. Orange Ave.) — 
Pharmacist, Teacher. Born in 1878, in Easton, Pa. ; son of Frank 
and Katherine (Waldmann) Marquier; married in Newark, on 
June 1, 1911, to Aima M. Hall. 

Children : Frank A., born August 7, 1914. 

Adolph F. Marquier is the President of the New Jersey Pharmaceuti- 
cal Association. He had spent three years ui Baden-Baden, Germany, and 
lived in Easton for two years before he came, thirty-five years ago, to New 
Jersey to live. He was educated in the public schools of Newark and in 
the Newark Technical School, in the New Jersey College of Pharmacy, and, 
in chemistry, by private tutors. 

For ten years Mr. Marquier was Quiz Master of Chemistry, and for 
five years has been a teacher of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, in the New 
Jersey College of Pharmacy. He is President of the Alumni Association 
of the College. 

Mr. Marquier has been prominent in the work of the New Jersey 
Pharmaceutical Association, and at its annual meeting in Lake Hopatcong, 
June, 1917, he was elected President of the Association. 


JAMES GILBERT MASON, D. D.—Metuchen.— Clergyman. 
Born at Jonesboro, Tenn., on October 31, 1841; son of Archibald 
G. and Luciuda Ryhaud Mason; married March 6, 1872, to Sue 
Tyler, of Virginia, who died in 1875 ; 2nd. April 4, 1881, at Metu- 
chen, to Anita G., daughter of Henry B. Hanschild and Irene 
Nichols Hanschild. 

Children : Irene ; James Gilbert, Jr. The former is a graduate 
of Wellesley College and now the wife of Rev. Arthur E. Harper, 
Missionary at Sharakpur, India; the latter who married Irene 
Jaycox, of Marengo, 111., is now in business m New York City. 

The Rev. Dr. James Gilbert Mason is a prominent man in his church. 
Six times he has been a Commissioner to the General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church, and at one time was mentioned for Moderator of that 
body. He graduated from Williams College in 1863, and three years later 
from Union Theological Seminary, New York City. He was ordained, July 
4, 1866, by the Third Presbytery of New York City. By the Presbytery 
of Nassau, he was installed as Pastor of the Woodhaven Presbyterian 
Church, now of Brooklyn, N. Y. Here he preached Sunday afternoons. 
At the same time he preached in the morning hour in the Memorial Pres- 
byterian Church, Brooklyn, N. Y., as its first minister. He organized the 
Woodhaven Church. In 1867 he was called to the church at Jonesboro, his 
native town. Three years later he was recalled to Woodhaven. This call 



lie was compelled to decline because of the need at Jonesboro. Here lie 
preached for five years. In 1872, he was called to the North Presbyterian 
Church at Washington, D. C. After four years, and the death of his wife, 
he resigned the Pastorate and made an extensive tour of the Orient. Upon 
his return to America he was called to a church at Baltimore, and to Se- 
dalia. Mo., and to Metucheu, this state. The latter call he accepted, and 
has been pastor there now more than forty years, and is still vigorously 

active in pastoral work, holding 
an influence in the commimity. 

Dr. Mason has been active in 
educational and civic affairs. 
During his seminary course, he 
was Principal, for a time, of the 
High School at Warren, Pa. He 
was called from this to close up 
the business of the United 
States Sanitary Commission in 
Tennessee. In 1864, he went 
with Sherman's army to Atlan- 
ta in the service of the same 
Commission. He was a republi- 
can casting his first vote for 
Lincoln and Jolmson, but jomed 
the National Prohibition Party 
m 1912, and has been one of 
the most active workers for the 
Prohibition cause. He is a mem- 
ber of the National Prohibition 
Party Committee, also a mem- 
ber of New Jersey Prohibition 
State Committee. He was named on the Prohibition ticket for State Sena- 
tor from Middlesex county in 1912, and made a stirring campaign. The 
following year (1913) he was nominated for Governor and his notable 
state-wide campaign gained a respectable increase for the Prohibition vote 
in the state. 

In the National Convention of 1916 at St. Paul, Minn., his name was 
presented by New Jersey as her first choice as the nommee for the Presi- 
dency of the United States. 


THOMAS L. MASSON— Glen Ridge.— Editor, Author. Born in 
Essex, Conn., on July 21, 1866; son of Thomas L. and Malvina N. 
Masson ; married on October 24, 1883, to Fannie Zulette Good- 
rich, daughter of William Henry Goodrich, of Hartford, Comi. 

Children : He has two daughters and two sons. 

Thomas L. Masson (Tom Masson) has been since 1883 the Literary and 
Managing Editor of "Life", New York City. He edited, besides, in 1904, 
a selection of "Humorous Masterpieces of American Literature," in 1905 



issued a book of original verses entitled "In Merry Measure." In 1906 
came a collection of verse luider the title '•Humor of Love in Verse and 
Prose." He has also written a number of humorous novels. Among these 
are "Yankee Navy," (1S99) ; "A Corner in Women," (1905) ; "Th€ Von 
Blumers," (1906) ; "A Bachelor's Baby," and "Some Grown-ups," (1907), 
and "The Best Stories in the World" (1913). 

Mr. Masson is a member of the Montclair Golf Club. For years he was 
President of the Board of Education of Glen Ridge, and is Chairman of the 
Executive Committee of the Committee of Public Safety. 

PAUL MATTHEWS— Trenton.— Bishop. Born at Glen(hile. O., 
December 25, 1866; son of Stanley and Mary Ann (Black) Mat- 
thews ; married to Elsie Procter, at Glendale, ( ).. May 11, 1897 ; 
daughter of William Alexander and Elizabeth Procter. 

Paul Matthews is the Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of 
New Jersey, with jurisdiction extending over the lower end of the State, 

including Himterdon, Somerset, 
and Union counties and all the 
state to the South. 

Bishop Matthews was pre- 
pared for college at St. Paul's 
School, Concord, X. H. (1880- 
1883). He graduated from 
Princeton University in 1887. 
the valedictorian of his class. 
He studied for a year at Prince- 
ton Theological Seminary in pre- 
paration for the Presbyterian 
ministry. Init was confirmed in 
the Episcopal Church in 1S8S. 
and entered the General Theo- 
logical Seminary in New York, 
graduating in 1890. 

Dr. Matthews was made a 
Deacon ui 1890 and ordained as 
a priest of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church a year later. 
While he Avas still Deacon, he 
officiated as Assistant at the 
Church of the Advent, Wahiut Hills, Cincinnati. After his ordination as 
a priest, he entered the Associate Mission in Omaha in charge of St. Paul's 
and St. John's Churches. In 1896, he became rector of St. Luke's Church, 
Cmcinnati. and, in 1904, Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral in that city. 

The Rev. D. Matthews was elected Bishop Coadjutor of Milwaukee in 
September, 1905; but he declined it and continued his ministry at St. 
Paul's Cathedral until he accepted a like ministry at the Cathedral at 
Fari1)ault, Minn. While in that ministry, he acted also as a professor in 

Maxim 347 
the Seabury Diviuity School. He was still in that relation when he was 
elected Bishop of the Diocese of New Jersey, at a Diocesan Convention held 
in October, 1914, and accepted. His consecration as Bishop took place 
January 25, 1915. 

The Diocese of New Jersey was organized in 1785, but the first Bishop, 
Rt. Rev. John Croes, was not consecrated until 1815. The Diocese was 
divided in 1874r— the present Diocese of Newark being separated as a new 

In 1890, Bishop Matthews received the B. D. degree from Seabury Di- 
viuity School, the D. D. degree from Seabury Divmity School in 1914, and 
from Princeton University, in 1916, and the S. T. D. degree from the 
General Theological Seminary in 1915. 

HUDSON MAXIM— Landing, (Morris Co.)— Inventor. Born 
at Orneville, Piscataquis Co., Me., 1853 ; son of Isaac and Harriet 
Boston (Stevens) Maxim; married on March 26th, 1896, at Lou- 
don, England, to Lilian Durban, daughter of the Rev. Wm. Dur- 
ban, (M. A.) and Mary Ann Durban, of London. 

Isaac and Harriet :Maxim had eight children— six sons and two 
daughters. Hudson was the fourth son and the sixth child. His parents 

were very poor, and he had no 
early educational advantages — 
^, not even an opportunity of 

learning his letters imtil he 
was nearly nine years old. He 
was scantily clothed and scant- 
ily fed and had no books and 
no schooling mitil he was able 
to pay for all such things him- 
self with his meager earnings, 
working on farms, in stone 
quarries, and with pick and 
shovel, and in brickyards. But, 
having an indomitable thirst 
for knowledge, he early de- 
termined to have a good edu- 
cation. He was able to learn 
almost anything with wonder- 
ful ease, and seldom forgot 
anything which he thought 
might be useful for him to re- 

He was soon able to teach 
town school, and then he got on much more rapidly. Finally, he attended 
school at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary at Kent's Hill, where he paid 
particular attention to the sciences, especially chemistry. Even before he 
left school he was a facile writer. While yet a student at Kent's HilL 

348 Maxim 

at the age of twenty-two, he formulated the hypothesis of the eompoimd 
nature of the so-called atoms, — that all matter is one m the ultimate, and 
that all manifestations of force in nature depend upon the relative posi- 
tions and massing and motions of ultimate atoms. His theory was pub- 
lished in the Scientific American Supplement in 1889, and has been 
proven true in its main essentials since the discovery of radiant matter. 

Immediately after leaving school he engaged m the publishing busi- 
ness in Pittsfleld, Mass. One of his publications, a book on penmanship 
and pen drawing, of which he was the author, was very popular. He 
sold by subscription nearly half a million copies. And thus, he had al- 
ready done notable work in the fields of science, philosophy, art, and 
letters, before he became a world-famed inventor of weapons of war. 

Notwithstandmg his strenuously busy life during the past thirty 
years in the field of mechanics and mvention, he has been a voluminous 
writer for newspapers and magazines on a wide range of subjects. He 
is the author of several important books, the most notable of which is 
the "Science of Poetry and the Philosophy of Language," published by 
Funk & Wagualls in 1910. This book was the first to place poetry on a 
scientific basis and to give rules for its analysis and understanding and 
also for writing it. It was the first book to give a scientific definition of 
poetry. The book introduced seven new words into the language, three of 
which are in the New Standard Dictionary. Furthermore, the treatise is 
the first to show the specific use in language of the four properties of 
signs — loudness, duration, pitch and tone-color, — and that the forty so- 
called elementary sounds of the language are different tone-color blends ; 
that we express thought by non-emotional sounds used arbitrarily as the 
sounds of ideas, while we impress thought, manifest our emotion and 
stimulate and qualify the mind of the hearer for perception — that is to 
say, that we energize the hearer — by superimposing emotional tone blends 
on the arbitrary blends of meaning. This is one of the most important 
discoveries ever made in langviage, even if it be not the most important. 

His two books, "Defenseless America," and "Leading Opinions, Both 
For and Against National Defense," published since the outbreak of the 
European War, (Hearst's Int. Lib. Co.) are among the important books to 
which the war has given birth. The noted motion picture play, "The 
Battle Cry of Peace," was written upon his "Defenseless America." He 
has sent out, free with his compliments, to leaders of thought throughout 
the country, to help the cause of national defense, more than a hundred 
thousand sets of these two books. 

Among Mr. Maxim's most noted naval and military inventions may 
be mentioned, process and apparatus for the manufacture of the multi- 
perforated smokeless cannon powder, the first to be adopted by the 
United States Government and still in use; and Maximite, the first high 
explosive safely to be thrown from heavy guns at high velocity through 
heavy armorplate and exploded behind the plate by a delay action fuse. 
This explosive was adopted by the Government in 1901, after exhaustive 
tests at Sandy Hook. His safety delay action fuse, after still more ex- 
haustive tests by the Navy Department, was adopted in 1908. 

He spent more than $50,000 in conducting experiments with a new 
system of driving torpedoes by means of a new combustive material con- 

Maxim 349 

sisting of seventy per cent, nitroglj-cerin and thirty per cent, guneotton, 
called Motorite. The material is a dense, rubbery substance made into 
bars, seven inches in diameter, which are forced into and sealed in steel 
tubes, and these tubes are screwed into a combustion chamber, and ignited 
at one end. As the combustion is confined to the exposed end, the material 
burns at a perfectly steady rate, according to the pressure, which may be 
controlled to a nicety. Water is pumped into the combustion chamber, 
where it is instantly evaporated by being driven through a series of baffle 
plates by the flame blast. By means of this system more than twice as 
much energy can be placed in a self-propelled torpedo of the Whitehead 
type as can be developed by means of compressed air, even when heated 
as it escapes, and the heat of the gases used to evaporate water according 
to the latest method. The expense of putting the system to practical use 
being too great for an ordinary private purse, and finding difficulty in get- 
ting the Government to appropriate the necessary money for the practical 
utilization of the system, Mr. Maxim sold it to the United States Navy 
for the sum of one dollar. 

His inventions m smokeless powders, high explosives, fuses, etc., with 
the exception of Maximite, were sold to the E. I. duPont de Nemours 
Powder Company, and the Government bought from that company. Mr. 
Maxim has been associated with the duPonts m an advisory capacity 
since 1898. In 1905 he sold them his invention, Stabillite, a smokeless 
powder which requires no drying, there being no volatile solvent employed 
in its manufacture. It has remarkable value as an emergency powder in 
time of war, for the reason that it may be fired as soon as made. Mr. 
Maxim also invented a process of manufacturing calcium carbide, now 
in general vise, which he sold to the Union Carbide Company. 

His invention, the "Game of War," is one of which he is very proud. 
This game is greatly liked and highly praised by Frank J. Marshall, the 
American chess champion, who teaches it at his chess divan in New York. 
It resembles chess, 'but typifies actual warfare more than does chess. 

Soon after the outbreak of the war, Mr. Maxim became interested in 
a company based on some of his inventions, the Maxim Munitions Corpora- 
tion, but he has recently disposed of his interest in it. He has lately de- 
voted especial attention to the construction of good roads. One of his 
inventions in roadways so pleased the Road Commissioner of New Jersey 
and his engineers and also the Freeholders of Sussex County, that they 
unanimously agreed to build nearly two miles of the road in the Borough 
of Hopatcong under Mr. Maxim's supervision to give his invention a 
practical try-out. Mr. Maxim claims that his new roadway will not be 
expensive to construct, while it will be exceedingly durable — ^well-nigh 
everlasting. He has agreed to give the State the free use of this inven- 
tion in roadways. 

Mr. Maxim has experimented extensively m the production of new 
kinds of foods with a view to producing a better army ration than has 
heretofore been produced, and he thinks that he has accomplished this 
result in a food, which he calls Maximfeast. It is also equally well 
adapted to general household uses. He has recently constructed several 
laboratories at his place at Maxim Park on Lake Hopatcong. where he is 
conducting his food experiments. 

350 McCain 

His latest acliievemeut is liis new book, "Dynamite Stories," just pub- 
lislied by Frederick Stolces »& Company, N. Y., whicli contains some very 
vivid tales of experiences and adventures with all kinds of explosive 

CHARLES W. McALPIN—Morristown.— Capitalist. Born in 
New York City ; son of David H. McAlpin. 

Charles W. McAlpin is one of the heirs of David H. McAlpin who 
was one of the largest manufacturers of tobacco in the United States and 
a liberal patron of the arts, and has succeeded to the care and manage- 
ment of many of the business enterprises in which his father was engaged 
when he died in 1901. 

The elder Mr. McAlpin started a retail cigar business in Catherine 
Street, New York City in 1836 and was afterwards engaged in the manu- 
facture of chewmg tobacco on Avenue D. and Sixth Street. From these 
beginnings, the business grew to a magnitude that commanded the markets 
of the civilized world. David H. McAlpin was a director of the Union 
Theological Semmary from 1872 to 1901 and munificent endowments for 
the Seminary were among his other beneficences. A notable contribution 
to the Seminary is a collection of British History and Theology, em- 
bracing 10,000 titles, some bearing date before 1700. He was a member of 
the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a Fellow ui Perpetuity, and in this state 
a Director of the First National Bank of Morristown. His estate "Brook- 
lawn" on the old Walker farm at Littleton, acquired in 1866, and his 
later estate "Glen Alpin" at Hoyts Corner, four miles from Morristown, 
have long been among the garden places of that exclusive region. 

( C. CURTICE McCAIN—Maplewood.— Transportation Associa- 

tion Chairman. Born in Minneapolis, Minn., on September 18, 
1856; son of John Curtice and Sarah Ann Dailey (Bond) McCain; 
married at Newburgh, N. Y., April 8, 1886, to Maria Bradley Shaw, 
daughter of Charles B. and Henrietta (Rodermond) Shaw. 

Children : Curtice Shaw, Itorn February 18, 1887 ; Harold Ber- 
rian, born .July IS, 1891. 

C. Curtice McCain is Chairman of the Trunk Line Association and 
an expert and author of recognized authority on transportation problems. 
He is of Scotch lineage and owes his education to the public schools and 
personal study and research. He entered the office of the Ti-mik Line Asso- 
ciation in New York as a clerk in July 1877. The Association was then 
in charge of Albert Fink. Later he became Chief Clerk and was associated 
with Judge Thomas M. Cooley, who acted as arbitrator in many traffic 
questions between the railroads. 

When Judge Cooley was selected Chairman of the first Interstate 
Commerce Commission in 1887, he appointed Mr. McCain to the important 

McCarter 351 

position of Auditor of the Commission. He held that position luitil April 
1, 1895 when he was selected by the vessel interests on the Great Lakes 
to organize their traffic association, and he held the office of Commissioner 
of the Association of Lake Lines, with an office at Buffalo, N. Y., until 
October 1907 when he was asked by the large Eastern railroads to return 

to New York to liecome Chair- 
man of the Trimk Line Associa- 
tion with which he had begun 
his business career as a clerk in 

Mr. McCam is widely known 
throughout the railroad world 
as an expert in matters relat- 
ing to transportation rates and 
allied questions. His experi- 
ence as an officer of the Inter- 
state Commerce Commission and 
his close relations with the af- 
fairs of transportation com- 
panies have especially qualified 
liim to meet the increasing activ- 
ities imposed upon transporta- 
tion men by reason of the many 
new and exacting laws and reg- 
ulations governmg the railroads. 
He has been associated with 
many of the large traflBc and 
rate adjustment questions before the regulating bodies, and has written 
extensively on various phases of the railroad problem. 

Among Mr. McCam's publications are : "Compendium of Transporta- 
tion Theories," "Th*e Diminished Purchasing Power of Railway Earnings," 
"A Neglected Aspect of the Freight Rate Problem," "The Necessary Adjust- 
ment of Railway Rates," and numerous monographs, pamphlets and contri- 
butions to the press, magazine, etc. 

Chairman McCain is a republican m politics and an Episcopalian in 

ROBERT HARRIS McCARTER—Rumson.— Lawyer. Born at 
Newton, on April 28th, 1859; son of Thomas N. and Mary Louisa 
(Haggerty) McCarter; married at Bryn Mawr, Pa., Oct. 12, 1886, 
to Mary B. Peterson, daughter of Robert E. and Ellen (Deacon) 
Peterson, of Philadelphia, Pa. 

Children : George W. ; Eleanor J. 

Robert H. McCarter was the Attorney General of the state from May 
15, 1903 to the Fall of 1908. In that position he succeeded his brother, 
Thomas N. McCarter, (q. v.), who had resigned to become President of 
the Public Service Corporation of New Jersey. Appointed by Gov. Murphy 



to serve out Thomas N.'s unexpired term he was re-appointed upon its 
expiration by Gov. Fort. He is senior member of the firm of McCarter & 
English, with offices in the Prudential Building, Newark, and had been 
before he became Attorney General, as he has since he withdrew from the 
oflSce, prominent in a large number of important litigations. 

A Republican, Mr. McCarter has been active in the civic life of the 

State. His brother, Uzal H. 
McCarter, (q. v.) is President 
of the Fidelity Trust Company 
of Newark ; and the family is 
one that has long been noted 
in political and professional and 
financial affairs. 

Mr. McCarter, who is of 
Scotch-Irish origin began his 
educational trainmg in Newark. 
Attending afterwards the Ping- 
ry School in Elizabeth and go- 
ing thence to Princeton Uni- 
versity, he graduated from the 
University with the class of 
1S79 ; and the University, in 
1904, conferred upon him the 
LL. D.. degree. He took a 
course subsequently at Columbia 
College Law School, was admit- 
ted to the Bar as an attorney 
m 1882 and as counselor in 1885. 
When ready for business, he 
opened an ofllce at Newark and entered upon the practice of his profession. 
The only oflicial position he has ever held is that of Attorney General, 

Mr. McCarter is a member of the University and of Princeton Clubs 
of New York City, the Essex Club of Newark, the Rumson Country Club 
of Rumson, the Nassau Club of Prmceton, and the Automobile Club of 
America, (N. Y.) 


THOMAS NESBIT McCAKTER— Rumson.— Corporation Man- 
ager, Born in Newark, Oct. 20, 1867 ; son of Thomas N. and Mary 
Louise (Haggerty) McCarter; married February 9th, 1897, to 
Madeleine G. Barker, daughter of George and Ellen Barker, of 
Baltimore, Md. 

Children: Ellen George, born 1898; Thomas N. .Tv., born 1899; 
Uzal Haggerty, born 1901 ; Madeleine Barker, born 1904. 

The first forebear of the McCarter family of whom there is mention 
landed in Philadelphia in 1774, attested as a "smgle person, Protestant 
parents, County of Donegal, Ireland." He became a Commissary in the 
Revolutionary struggle and served under Wayne, Lamb and Hazen. He 

McOarter 358 

afterwards engaged in mercantile pursuits in Philadelijhia, till he was 
obliged to go elsewhere for health. Settling in Mendham he bought the 
iron works that had been established there. The works were swept away 
two or three times by fresliets, and, finally forced into bankruptcy, he 
was glad in the end to be made the Clerk of Morris County. 

Robert H. McCarter, his son, born 1793, was also County Clerk of 
Morris and afterwards in business in Newton. He became Judge of the 
Common Pleas, sat on the Bench of the Court of Errors and Appeals, and, 
Ln 1828. was elected one of the Presidential Electors whose votes made 
Andrew Jackson President of the United States. He married Eliza, 
davighter of Thomas Nesbitt, who came hither from the North of Ireland. 
Thomas N, McCarter. his son, was a noted member of the New Jersey 
Bar, with a corporation practice so lucrative that, when both Governors 
Olden and Ward offered him a seat on the Bench of the New Jersey Su- 
preme Court, he declined it. 

It was in his office that the present Thomas N. McCarter began the 
study of law. In 1891 he was of the firm of McCarter, Williamson & 
McCarter. He subsequently practiced alone. In 1896 Gov. Griggs ap- 
pointed him Judge of the First District Court of Newark. Init in 1899 he 
resigned. In the fall of the same year he was nominated as Republican 
candidate for the State Senate and was elected. His term in the State 
Senate expired in 1903. In 1901 lie was made Chairman of the Executive 
Committee of the Republican State Committee; and, first havmg a large 
hand in bringing about the nomination of Franklin Murphy for Governor 
conducted the campaign that resulted in Mr. Murphy's election. Gov. 
Murphy had scarcely been inaugurated before the Legislature entered up- 
on the choice of a United States Senator to succeed the late Gen. Sewell ; 
and Mr. McCarter was again a prime factor in the campaign made in behalf 
of the selection of John F. Dryden, President of the Prudential Insurance 
Company, for the -distinction. 

Gov. Murphy in 1902 appointed Mr. McCarter Attorney General of the 
state. In the following year, the trolley service was undergoing expansion. 
Mr. McCarter became interested in the enterprise ; and through his energy 
succeeded ui bringing nearly all the railway, gas and electric properties 
of the state under the control of one company. The success of his labors 
in that direction singled him out for the management of the consolidated 
corporations ; and in 1903 he resigned the office of Attorney General to 
become President of the Public Service Corporation of New Jersey. The 
service has been extended imder his management so that it takes in prac- 
tically all the state, for electric power, lighting and transportation 
purposes. The annual report of the Corporation made in 1917 discloses 
these figures for the year : railways revenue, $18,175.764 ; electric revenue, 
.$12,814,597 gas revenue, $11,558,413 ; total revenue .$42,548,774 ; total fimd- 
ed debt, $225,869,841; operating revenue, $42,548,775; operating expense, 
$25,863,854; operating income, $17,201,450; net mcome, $5,238,336. Pas- 
sengers carried, 451,698,012 ; mmiicipalities served, 218. 

Mr. McCarter is a director of the Fidelity Trust Company and the 
Union National Bank of Newark and the Red Bank Trust Company of 
Red Bank. He is a member of the Club of Newark. Hamilton of 
Paterson, University and Racquet and Tennis Clubs of New York, 



Racquet Club of Pliiladelpliia, Carteret of Jersey City, Union League of 
Hackensack, Nassau of Princeton and the Rumson Country Club. 

President McCarter is a brother of Uzal H. McCarter (q. v.) and 
of Robert H. McCarter, (q. v.) 

V UZAL HAGGERTY McCAKTER— Rumson.— Banker. Born at 

Newton, July 5th, 1861 ; son of Thomas Nesbit and Mary L. 
(Haggerty) McCarter; married at Newarli, on Jan. 30th, 1889, to 
Jane Meeker Lewis, daughter of William G. Lewis, of Newark. 
Children : Isabelle Young, born January 11th, 1891. 

Thomas N. McCarter, father of Uzal H. McCarter had made the Mc- 
Carter name a noted one in the professional history of New Jersey before 
the achievements of his three sons won new lustre for it. (vide Thomas 
N. McCarter and Robert H. McCarter). The elder Mr. McCarter was the 

contemporary, at the New Jersey 
Bar, of John P. Stockton, Fred- 
erick T. Frelinghysen, Robert 
Gilchrist, David A. Depue, Jacob 
Vanatta and Benjamin Wil- 
liamson, and till he died, was a 
recognized leader among them. 
The elder McCarter, who had 
practiced in Newton, moved to 
Newark in 1865, when Mr. Mc 
Carter was four or five years 
old, and opened an ofiice there. 
Mr. McCarter's earlier educa- 
tion was acquired in the Pingry 
School and at the Newark Acad- 
emy ; and he graduated from 
Princeton, of the class of 1882. 
Soon after graduation he en- 
tered the New York bankmg 
house of Kidder Peabody »& Co., 
one of the most important finan- 
cial firms of the day in the 
country ; and continued in that 
connection for five years. In 1887 he went with the Lombard Investment 
Co., a New York corporation particularly interested in Western farm mort- 

In 1889 he formed, with the Fidelity Trust Company, the connection 
that has contributed so largely to its rise to first place among the financial 
institutions of the state. He had not been there long before he was made 
its Executive Manager, and he advanced through the offices of Secretary 
and of Treasurer till he became its Trust Officer. He was elected President 
of the company in 1904. 

McCoy 355 

The Fidelity Trust Company lias financed many of the larger industrial 
and commercial and business enterprises of the state for the past twenty 
years. One of its notable energies was to assist in the establishment of 
the Public Service Corporation, which controls the gas and electric light and 
power plants, and the trolley service, all over the state. Since Mr. Me 
Carter's election as President the resources of the Trust company have 
mounted to $31,000,000. The sale of its Prudential stock at the time of the 
mutualization of that company contributed $7,500,000 to its resources. 

Amid his labors m the Fidelity Presidency, Mr. McCarter has found 
time for active participation in the life of the community. He was a 
dominating force in the Newark City Committee of 100 that arranged the 
City's recent celebration of its 2o0th birthday ; and in most of the large 
fmictions in which the city and the people of Newark have been engaged 
Mr. McCarter has been called upon to take leading parts. 

Mr. McCarter is a member of the Metropolitan University, New York 
Yacht, Princeton and Bankers Clubs (all of New York), the Essex of 
Newark, Rumson Country Club, Essex Country Club, Nassau of Princeton, 
Rittenhouse of Philadelphia and Newport Golf of Newport, R. I. 

WALTER IRVING McCOY— East Orange.— Jurist. Born at 
Troy, N. Y., on December S, 1859 ; son of James and Cornelia 
(Beach) McCoy; married on October IT, 1888, to Kate Philbrick 

Baldwin, daughter of Dan- 
iel H. Baldwin and Kate 
Philbrick Baldwin, of New 
York City. 

Children : Percy Beach 
2nd, George Baldwin, Phil- 
brick, Catherine Baldwin, 
Eleanor Holman. 

Walter I. McCoy is an Asso- 
ciate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the District of Colum- 
bia (Washington) by appoint- 
ment of President Wilson. He 
had previously been a part of 
the political life of the state and 
of his locality. He was a mem- 
ber and Vice President of the 
Essex County Democratic Com- 
mittee, and a delegate to the 
Democratic National Conven- 
tions of 1904-1908, and repre- 
sented the Eighth New Jersey 
District in the 62nd Congress of 

the United States (1911-1913) and the Ninth District in the 63rd Congress 




Justice McCoy's father was bom in Sussex comity and his mother in 
Morris county, where their respective families had lived for several genera- 
tions. Justice McCoy attended Phillips Exeter Academy and Princeton 
University for two years. He graduated from Harvard in 18S2, receiving 
the A. B. degree, and from the Harvard Law School with the degrees of 
LL. B. and A. M. He was admitted hi 1SS() to practice at the Bar of the 
state of New York and followed his profession in the city of New York until 
his appointment to the Bench of the District of Columbia Court. 

Besides his congressional and judicial activities Justice McCoy has 
acted as a delegate to many state and county conventions ; and, while he 
lived in South Orange, was one of the Village Trustees. He has been Direc- 
tor of the Orange Bureau of Associated Charities and of the South Orange 
Free Library. He is a member of the Harvard Club of New Jersey and 
was its President m 1910 and 1911. He is also a member of the Harvard 
Club of New York and the Bar Association of New York, and the Cosmos 
and Washington Golf and Country Clubs of Washington. 

While Justice McCoy's New Jersey legal residence is in East Orange, 
his official duties make it necessary for him to live in AVashington. 

THOMAS FRANCIS McCRAN — Paterson. — Lawyer. Born in 
Newark, November 2, 1875 ; son of Thomas McCraii ; married at 

Passaic. June. 1916, to 
Frances C. Martin. 

Thomas F. McCraii has 
l)een Speaker of the House 
of Assembly and is now a 
member of the State Senate 
from Passaic county. His 
father served in the Pas- 
saic County Board of Free- 
holders for several years, 
was County Inspector of 
Roads, m 1900 member of 
the House of Assembly and 
is at ])reseiit Superinten- 
dent of Weights and Meas- 
ures ill Patersoii. Senator 
McCran therefore came to 
the life of the community 
with an inbred aptitude for 
public affairs. 

Mr. McCran began his ed- 
ucation in the public 
schools of Paterson and 
completed it at Seton Hall 
College, South Orange, where he graduated in June of 1896 with the degree 
He read law in the otiice of ex-Senator William B. 

of Bachelor of Science. 

McEwan 357 
Gourley in Paterson and ^Yas admitted as an attorney at tlie November 
term of 1899, becoming a coimselor at tlie February term of 1911. He 
spent eleven years in Senator Gourley's office; but, just before lie was 
elected City Attorney of Paterson in November. 1907, he opened an office 
of his own. He held the city office until 1912 when he resigned. 

The republicans of Passaic county m the campaign of 1909 named Mr. 
McCran as one of their candidates for the House of Assembl.v, and he was 
elected, and again in 1911 and 1912. ' In 1911 the republican minoritv of 
the House named him for floor leader ; and in 1912, when his party was in 
control of the House, he was made Speaker, the democrats naming no can- 
didate against him. As Speaker he made many important changes in 
House procedure, that made for its efficiency and which have since been 
followed. Before the expiration of his term, the republicans of the comity 
put him in nomination for the State Senate. The Progressives split the 
republican vote of the county by putting in the field a candidate who took 
7,000 republican votes away from him, and he was defeated by Peter J. 
McGinuis, the democratic candidate. In 1915 he accepted a nommation 
again against Senator McGinnis and defeated him by a plurality exceeding 
8,000. The republican majority in the Senate of 1917 made him leader on 
the floor, and he served as Chairman of the Committee on Banks and In- 
surance, on Corporations and on Home for Boys and also as a member (»f 
.the Committee on Municipal Corporations with others of less importance. 

Senator McCran was in 1910 elected President of the South Side Safe 
Deposit and Trust Company of Paterson, and is connected with several 


THOMAS McEWAN— West Hoboken, (1127 Summit Avenue.) — 
Lawyer; Banker. Born in Paterson, on February 26th, 1854; son 
of Thomas and Hannah (Ledget) McEwan. 

Thomas McEwan is President of the Highland Trust Company m West 
Hoboken. For a long time he was Secretary of the Hudson Coimty Re- 
publican Committee, served in 1887-'88 as a tax assessor of Jersey City and 
as City Comptroller in 1905 ; was appointed Chief Supervisor of Elections 
for the district of New Jersey m 1892, and subsequently served as a mem- 
ber of the New Jersey State Assembly— being leader of the Republican ma- 
jority, in the State Assembly, a rare distinction for a member serving his 
first term— and for two terms as a Member of the United States Congress. 
He served also as a delegate to the National Republican Conventions of 
1892 and 1896. 

Isaac W. Scudder, Lewis T. Brigham and Mr. McEwan are the only 
three Republicans who have represented the democratic county of Hudson, 
in all of its history, in the House of Representatives in Washington. Mr. 
McEwan's political triumphs were the more notable because, while the 
comity is presumed to be liberal on the liquor question, he has always been 
known as a steadfast temperance advocate. The nomination for a third term 
in Congress was at his disposal, but he declined it. William D. Daly, the 
democrat who succeeded him. carried the county by 12,000 majority, which 



disclosed a difference of 18.000 between the republican vote when Mr. Mc 
Ewau ran and when Mr. McP]wan did not run. 

Mr. McEwan was educated in the public schools in Jersey City and 
was a civil engineer for a few years, then graduated from the law depart- 
ment of Columbia University with the L. L. B. degree, class of 1881. He 
practiced at the New York and New Jersey bars, and at the bar of the 
United States Supreme Court, with othces both in the Metropolis and in 
Jersey City, until he went mto the banking business. In his professional 
work Mr. McEwan has been executor, guardian and trustee of many 
estates ; and is President of the Hoboken Heights Land Co., and Treasurer 
of the Vienna Fancy Case Company and of the Wecman Company. 

He is a member of the Union League (Hudson Co.), the New Jersey 
State Bar Association, New York City Bar Association, Hudson County 
Bar Association, Advisory Committee I'oung Women's Christian Associa- 
tion, President of the Hudson Coimty Branch of State Charities Aid So- 
ciety and a member of the p]xecutive Committee Equal Franchise Society ; 
also of the Scottish Rite Masons, Knights of Pythias, United Workmen, and 
the National Arts ^New York.) 

PETER JAMES MeGINNIS-Paterson.— Lawyer. Born in Pat- 
erson. September 2, 1875 ; son of Lawrence and Mary E. McGinnis ; 
married at Paterson. in 1909, to Gertrude C. Nolan, daughter of 

Michael and Caroline Nolan, 
of Paterson. 

Children : Lawrence and 

Woodrow Wilson, when Gov- 
ernor, went into Passaic county 
the night before the election of 
1912. and made two speeches 
urging the people of the county 
to send Peter J. McGmnis, whom 
the democrats had put in nomi- 
nation, to the State Senate of 
New Jersey. Mr. MGinnis de- 
feated Thomas F. McCran, then 
Speaker of the House of Assem- 
bly, whom the republicans of the 
county had put up against him, 
and shares, with Jolni Hopper. 
John Mallon, Christian Braun 
and John Hinchliffe, the distinc- 
tion of being one of the few 
democrats who have carried 
that republican county in a cam- 
paign for a seat in the State Senate. In 1916 when he ran for re-election, 
Speaker McCran defeated him. 

McKee 359 

At the sessions of 1913 and 1914 Senator McGinuis was majority leader 
on the Senate floor ; and in 1915 was given the complimentary minority vote 
for President of the Senate. In 1914 he served as Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Judiciary, on Municipal Corporations and Corporations and of 
the Joint Committee that arranged for the inauguration of James F. Fielder 
as Governor, He was active in promoting all of the Progressive legisla- 
tion Governor Wilson and later Governor Fielder put before the Houses; 
and had charge, while they were pending in the Senate, of the movement 
for the passage of three of the "Seven Sisters" bills, regulating the corpora- 
tions of the state. He was mstrumental in promoting labor measures and 
conspicuous in his opposition to Local Option. In 1914 Governor iFielder 
appointed him a member of the Special Economy and Efficiency Commis- 
sion, under acts by which the administrative State departments were re- 
organized in 1915. In 1916 he was appointed by Governor Fielder, a mem- 
ber of the Commission to revise and modify the election laws and was, 
by the Commission, elected its President. 

Senator McGinnis acquired his education in private schools in Pater- 
son and New York ; and, while attending the New York Law School, made 
himself acquainted with the practice as a student in the ofiice of Z. M. Ward 
of Paterson. He graduated from the Law School in 1898 with the LL. B. 
degree, and was admitted as an attorney in 1898 and as a counselor in 1901. 
Three years later he associated himself with John M. Ward ; and under the 
name of Ward & McGinnis they are still engaged in the practice of their 
profession in Paterson. 


WOOD McKEE— Paterson, (Fifteenth Avenue.)— Lawyer. Born 
in Paterson, November 10, 1866 ; son of James W. McKee. 

Wood McKee, active in republican circles in Passaic county, has been a 
member of both Houses of the Legislature. His father, a Paterson business 
man, had been Sheriff of the comity. 

Senator McKee was educated m the public schools of Paterson and in 
Professor McManus's private school. He read law in the office of Judge 
Francis Scott of Paterson and was admitted to the Bar in 1888. He makes 
a specialty of real estate and Chancery practice. 

Senator McKee began his political life in the Republican clubs of the 
comity, hi 1897 was elected to the House of Assembly and was re-elected 
in 1898. During the session of 1899, the republican majority of the House 
made him floor leader. Before the close of his second term in the Assem- 
bly — in 1900 — the i-epublicans put him hi nomination for the State Senate, 
and he was re-elected in 1903, his service covering the legislative sessions 
between 1901-1906 both inclusive. 

Mr. McKee is a member of the Hamilton Club, the Calumet Republican 
Association, the Apollo Club of New York City, of Fabiola Lodge, No. 57, 
Knights of Pythias, of Ivanhoe Lodge, No. 88. F. .& A. M.. Paterson Lodge 



of Elks, Silk City Conclave, No. 232, 
No. 785, National Union. 

A. O. H. and of Garret Rock Council, 

WILLIAM McNrLTY—Paterson.— Clergyman. Born in Bally- 
sliannon, county Donegal. Ireland, in January of 1829 ; son of 
Owen and Catharine McNulty. 

A conspicuous figure in the religious, moral and civic development 
of Paterson for more than a half century, the Very Rev. William McNulty, 
M. R., V. F., LL. D., holds the affection and esteem of citizens of the city, 
irrespective of denominational affiliations. He pursued his education in 
Donegal schools ; and at the age of twenty-one, imbued with the desire to 
labor for souls in "The States." he came hither and was matriculated at St. 

John's College, Fordham, N. Y., 
now known as Fordham Uni- 
versity. Coming from a family 
distinguished for generations in 
the arts and sciences, he was 
graduated with high honors m 
18.JO. pursued theology at Mt. 
St. Mary's Seminary, Emmets- 
burg. Md., and was ordained to 
the Priesthood on August 6, 
1857, at St. Patrick's Cathedral, 

Father McNulty was assigned 
immediately to the new Seton 
Hall College at Madison, occu- 
pying the post of Vice President, 
Professor and Prefect of Disci- 
pline. Two years later, when 
Seton Hall College was trans- 
ferred to South Orange, the 
buildings were used as a noviti- 
ate for the Sisters of Charity 
and the Academy of St. Eliza- 
beth, and Father McNulty remained as chaplain. There he sowed the seeds 
of his future reputation of "Church Builder," in the erection of churches at 
Baskingridge and Mendham. 

It was on October 23. 1863 that he was sent to Paterson as rector 
of St. John's Church, to labor in the only 'parish for English speaking 
people there. And there is scarcely any field of spiritual or humane endeavor 
that has not profited by his zealous efforts. At the time of his coming, 
there were but two Catholic edifices, St. John's and St. Boniface's, the latter 
for the Germans ; to-day there are eight churches for English speakmg 
people ; seven for those of other nationalities, and, in the vicinity of Pater- 
son, fifteen churches or chapels that owe their origin to the local parishes. 
In several instances, the churches were built bv Dean McNultv himself. 

Miller 361 

Besides these, lie founded a hospital, an orphanage, the Home for the 
Aged, a Home for Working Girls, club houses for men and women, and 
the Catholic population has grown from (i.r)00 to 43,000. 

During the excitement that culminated in the popular demonstration at 
Trenton in 1893 against the excesses of what is known as the "Jockey 
Legislature" and which eventuated in the Anti-Gambling amendment to the 
State Constitution, Dean McXulty was a commanding and interesting figure. 
His address on the floor of the Assembly Chamber, after the populace had 
taken possession of it, was the feature of the oratory of the hour. He has 
attained national fame for his consistent fight against uatemperance ; he has 
been feared more than the entire police force by violators of excise laws. 
Until recently, when his advancmg years demanded that he cease his activi- 
t.v, he was identified with every movement calculated to advance the moral 
and civic welfare of the commmiity. 

V WILLIAM RALPH MEAKLE— Paterson, (36 Eighteenth Ave.) 
— Banker. Born in Paterson, 1868 ; son of George and Sarah A. 
Meakle ; married at Paterson, on June 5, 1892. 

Children : Cadance, born Febrv;ary 5th, 1896 ; Roderic, born 
January 2, 1902. 

William R. Meakle is M. W. Grand Master of the Society of Free 
and Accepted Masons in New Jersey. He went into Haledon Lodge iu 
1899, served as Master of the lodge in 1907 and was elected to the position 
of Grand Master of Masons in New Jersey in 1916. 

Mr. Meakle began his business career with the Paterson Savings Insti- 
tution when he was eighteen years of age and is now its Secretary. He was 
one of the first promoters of the establishment of the Paterson Chamber of 
Commerce and has been its Treasurer since its inception. He is also Presi- 
dent of the Paterson Orphan Asylum Association. 

Mr. Meakle's daughter Cadance is a musician whose work has been 
much praised by the "Musical Leader." 


SPENCER MILLER— South Orange.— Engineer, Inventor. Born 
at Waukegen, 111., on April 25, 1859; son of Samuel Fisher and 
Charlotte (Howe) Miller; married on January 1, 1884, to Hattie 
M. Ruggles, daughter of Willard G. Ruggles. 

Children : Mrs. Marguerite Miller Grannis ; Spencer, Jr. ; Helen ; 

Of Spencer Miller's mechanical inventions, that for which he is most 
widely known, is of a marine cable way that makes it possible to transport 
coal fr(»m shi}) to ship luider headway at sea. The invention was born of 
the difficulty the Federal Government experienced iu coaling its ships 
during the Spanish-American War. Originally a machine with a capacity 
of fifteen tons an hour, it has been improved until its capacity now is eighty 



tons an hour. It is in use in the navies of the United States, Russia, 
Britain, Japan and Italy. Another device of Mr. Miller's has increased 
the facilities for the broad-side coaling of ships in harbor from twenty-five 
tons per hour to oue hundred tons per hour. 

A second of Mr. Miller's important inventions is the Breeches Buoy 
cableway, an apparatus which has been adopted by the United States 
revenue cutter service. The buoy cableway apparatus is equipped with an 
automatic steam reel which takes in and "pays out" the suspended hawser 
as the ships approach or separate ; and by its use a ship can rescue pas- 
sengers from any other ship in the heaviest sea. He is now a member of 
the Federal Naval Consulting Board, being Chairman of its Committee m 
Life Saving. 

Mr. Miller's technical education was acquired at the Polytechnic In- 
stitute of Worcester, Mass., from which he graduated in 1879. After acting 
as a special tutor m mathematics in Amherst College for a time he became 

a draftsman for the Link-Belt 
Machmery Company ; and there 
his mind turned towards the 
mechanical problems tliat have 
since interested him. Before 
long he had designed a number 
of rope drives as well as a novel 
arrangement for handling mer- 
chandise by contmuous systems 
of conveying ; and he soon after- 
wards foimd a means of equal- 
izing the grip upon pulleys of 
different diameters by varying 
the angles of the grooves. Con- 
necting himself, a little over 
twenty-eight years ago, with the 
Lidgerwood Manufacturing Co., 
of New York, he developed a 
new overhead cable carrier sys- 
tem that is now used in various 
parts of the world in construct- 
ing United States fortifications, 
dams, filtration beds, sewers, etc. 
Thomas A. Edison was the first patron of this device ; and it was installed 
for use at Panama in the construction of the Gatum locks. A log-skidding 
cable way he devised for the taking of cypress logs out of the swamps of 
Louisiana, is now employed in the forests of not only the South Init of those 
as well, in the states of the North and in Canada. 

At his home town Mr. Miller is greatly interested in civic work such as 
establishing public libraries, parks, playgrounds, parkways, etc. He is a 
member of the Essex Co. Mosquito Extermination Commission and widely 
known as the "Father" of the Anti-Mosquito Movement in New Jersey ; and 
his public spirit has led to his call to local public positions. 

Mr. Miller is a mendier of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the American Institute of Min- 

Miuch 363 

iug Engineers and the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, 
as well as the Canadian Institute of Mining Engineers. He is a member 
of the Engineers' Club of New York, Essex County Country Club of Orange, 
the Metropolitan Club of Washington, D. C, and of numerous smaller 

ALFRED ELMER MILLS — Morristown. — Lawyer. Born at 
Morristown, July 22, 1858 ; son of Alfred and Katharine Elmer 
(Coe) Mills. Never married. 

Alfred Elmer Mills received his early education at private schools in 
Morristown and at Trinity School, a military school, at Tivoli-on-the-Hud- 
son, New York, and graduated with honors from Princeton University, re- 
ceiving the degree of A. B. in 1882 and of A. M. in 1885. He read law in 
the office of kis father, Alfred Mills, and was admitted to the Bar as an 
attorney in 1886 and as a counselor in 1889, becoming associated with his 
father in the practice at Morristown. He was counsel for the Town of 
Morristown from 1892 to 1894, and Prosecutor of the Pleas for Morris 
county from 1898 to 1903, when he was made President Judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas of Morris covmty, serving mitil 1918. He has since been 
engaged in the practice of his profession at Morristown. 

Judge Mills is a member of the Board of Managers of the Morris 
County Savings Bank, a Director of the National Iron Bank of Morris- 
town, President of The Washington Association of New Jersey and by 
Governor Fort's appointment was a member of The Washington Crossing 
Commission in 1910. 

He is also a Director of the Morristown Library and Lyceum, a Trustee 
of the Morristown Library, one of the Trustees holding the title to the 
Morristown Green, a A'estryman of St. Peter's Episcopal Church of Mor- 
ristown and for many years Treasurer of its Building Committee. He is a 
member of the American Bar Associatio