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Atttlrinr of 

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'9aB0Um JTUitttrrB 

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t^\\t (tIl;attt)iiott Ha^' 
Stl^ Xirtorg^ 

Early Printing and Publishing Company 
memphis, tennessbb 


CJopyright 1910, by 
Annah Robinson Watson 

All RighU Reserved 

tiTo WI|om 

fl|e ConsriottJBness of ^chlt ^ntestrg 

is «n 3lnspiridi0it to 

insistent ttottes tall from otA fl|e Past, 

**Jk noble rare botif toll its o\mt rnboto, 

^0 )mrr aitb fine let all tiftne artions be, 

^one ran ben; of rogal rare art tifou/' 


The history of the individual in its relation to the his- 
tory of the family and the nation 9 

Heredity, its relation to the individual, the family 
and the nation 16 

The evolution and influence of knighthood 21 

Heraldry, the exponent of knighthood 30 

Some ancient abbeys and their connection with famous 
families 38 

Alfred the Great and other sovereigns from whom the 
royal lineage of many distinguished Americans 
is derived 49 

Dymoke, Windebank, Warner, Reade 77 

Crawford, Meriwether, Walker, Maury, Thornton, 
Homsby, Lewis 87 

Brewster, Allerton, Willoughby, Taylor 107 

Warwick, do Beauchamp, de Neville, Gascoigne, 
O^Neil, Lowrey, Watson 139 

Rose, Conway, Madison, Raggett 159 

Warner, Washington, Lewis, Bond 167 

Lewis, Fauntleroy, Brickell 172 

Kennon, Martin, Casey 174 



Saltonstall, Knye, Parkman, Cordner 176 

Neville, Digby, Preseott, Famsworth 181 

O'Neill, Fitzgerald, Campbell, Gill 194 

Barret, Lewis, Buckner, Greer 205 

Lewis, Meriwether, Herdman 211 

Fauntleroy, Lewis, Heslep, Hogan 213 

West, Dandridge, Henry, Holliday 219 

Lloyd, Morgan, Jolinston 222 

Fowler, Marsh, Volentine, Lewis 225 

Llewellyn, Foulke, Hughes, Mansfield 229 

Kennon, Robards, Ridley, Hines, Mayer 2.33 

Ludlow, Carter, Champe, Meriwether 241 

Isham, De Vere, Randolph, Mosher 246 

Throckmorton, Reade, Chapman, Perkins 249 

Warner, Washington, Butler, Plater 2G0 

GwjTinc, Suter, Howard, Reade 263 

Goldsborough, Lyles, Worthington, Beale, Robinson. .269 


St. John, Brainard, Spencer, Robinson 284 

Bmce, Douglas, Irvine, Bnlloch, Roosevelt 287 

Washington, Alexander, Ashton, Story 297 

Dupuy, Lewis, Minter, Stovall 305 

Bourehier, Harlakenden, Woodbridge, Talcott .109 

Stewart, Rose, Fitzhngh, Walker 312 

Price, Macon, Early, Davis, Watson 316 

Prescott, Standish, Barber, White 329 

Berkeley, Basset, Olney, Wilbour 337 

Lee, Page, Carter, Winchester 343 

Wilder, Prescott, Ruetr, Winchester 352 

Some Historic Organizations. 







































































Green 's History of the English People. 
Alfred the Great. By Sir Walter Besant 

and others. 
Annals of the House of Percy. By Edward 

Barrington de Ponblanque. 
Serivelsby. By Reverend Samuel Lodge, 

M. A. 
William and Mary College Quarterly. 
Virginia Historical Magazine. 
Weir's History of Homcastle. 
Banks ' History of the Marmyuns. 
Palmer's History of the House of Marmion. 
London EncyclopaBdia. 
Sharon Turner's History of the Anglo- 
Stephens' National Dictionary of Biography. 
Gentleman's Magazine, 1790, 1802. 
Burke's History of the Commoners. 
Burke's Landed Gentry. 
Burke's Peerage. 

Benjamin Rush. Court of St. James. 
Strickland's Queens of England. 
Hume's History of England. 
Cabells and Their Kin. Alexander Brown. 
Lancelot's Queens of England. 
Hughes' Alfred the Great. 
Le Neve's Pedigrees of Ejiights. 
Hotten's List of Emigrants. 
History of the Ancient Ryedales. By Rev. 

G. T. Ridlon. 
Virginia Genealogies. Rev. Horace Edwin 

Hayden, M. A. 
Peerage and Baronetage of England, 1881, 

and other works bv Foster. 
Welsh Minstresly. T. J. Llewellyn. 
Among the genealogists whose work has largely as- 
sisted in the preparation of this volume are Reverend 
Horace Edwin Hayden, M. A., President Lyon Gardiner 
Tyler, LL.D., William G. Stanard, also Claypoole, Gates, 
Perkins, Mather, Hall, White, Boyd, and others, some of 
those named being State genealogists for the National 
Society of the Colonial Dames of America. 


Family history should be considered a vital part of the 
history of the Nation. It should claim and hold a place 
of dignity and demand for its supplemental features, 
drawn from legendary lore, ballads^ and traditions, that 
recognition which is their due. 

It is hoped that this volume will be found worthy of 
commendation, that it may justly expect a place upon the 
library shelves of thoughtful readers, and may make 
its appeal, not as a genealogical dictionary, but as a 
distinct contribution to the department of literature 
which it represents. 

No effort has been made to harmonize the spelling of 
names given differently by different historians, genera- 
tions preceding and succeeding, serving for indentifica- 
tion; and no effort has been made to attach a fictitious 
value to the subject While the opening chapters supply 
a logical background for those that follow, they claim 
only to suggest themes, which, fundamentally connected 
with the subject matter in general, are worthy of most 
earnest study. 

It is much more important in America than in other 
countries to preserve lines of descent accurately. 
Here^ as in no other quarter of the globe, i^ found a 
fusion of races which will tend to obliterate original 
racial and family history and render such records as this 
volume contains of positive and practical value. 

As shown in these pages, America has become the 
home during recent centuries of descendants of the 
noblest and most royal houses of France, Germany, Eng- 
land, Ireland, Scotland, and other foreign states; it 
seems quite probable, as suggested in this '* Allegorical 
Legend of the Nations, ' ' tliat it will become the home of 
*'(hie Great Universal Race.'' 

It waa the day when sky and trembling earth 
Gased each with wonder, questioning, and strange, 
Upon the loosening clasp of mystic scroll 
Of coming ages. 

Then heaven's windows dosed, and sealed were gates 
Of mighty deeps whose silver floods had swept 
And compassed all the earth. The smile of sun, 

The flush of flowers came, and sons of men 
In wild delight went forth their several ways 
And claimed unto themselves the hills and plains, 
And made them dwelling places of the boughs 
And of th« waiting rocks on every hand. 

And there were giants, in those ancient days, 
With hands of iron, and with hearts of steel, 
Who ruled with tyrant's sceptre, humble hordes 
Low grovelling 'neath the yoke of dominance. 
Wild nomads these, who hied them to the West, 
'Ere swarthy Scythians, with their primal greed 
And lust for conquest, following in their tread, 
Sowed seed of mighty nations yet unborn. 

To West, to North, as thunderous cloud they swept. 
Toward golden sun which sank in golden sea, 
But where they planted banners, aliens sprang. 
To set their own and claim what they might hold. 
Then vandals. Teutons, and the ruthless (!oths, 
Each followed, till they darkened Kimru's shores, 
Where Saxons later fought, with dauntless Danes, 
And Northmen, proud to write their names in blood. 

Then later, o'er the fields of bitter strife, 
Waved snowy wand of peace: on Southern slopes 
The lilies grew, a triad slim and tall, 
And at their feet smiled blooms of heaven's tint: — 
From war-scarred soil the English roses sprang. 
While Scotland's thistle sheathed its cruel spears. 
And harried Irish medes the shamrock sent 
From graves its gallant sons had bravely filled. 

Then lilies white, and azure blossoms frail. 
And roses, thistles, and the shamrock green. 
From all their richest sweets cast store abroad 
In curling petals caught by eager breeze. 
And by the sea, the sighing, singing sea, 
The petals, mimic barges, set afloat, 
Were borne on dimpling waves to farther shore 
Which gladly harbored such fair argosy. 

So rich the gifts it brought! From each far land 
A blossom for the garden which it found. 
The garden, which with mystic power blent 
The thistle, shamrock, rose and lily white, 
In one rare flower; — rooted now it stands 
In soil of love, of liberty, and joy, 
Where great Columbia's domain, with its reach 
From sea to sea, by purple mountains girt, 
Sends far its fragrant highways; hear the trc^ 
Of all the welcome multitudes who greet 
With upturne<I faces, glad Columbia, — 
The home of One (Jreat Tniversal Race. 

— Annah Robinson Watson. 
Memphis, Tennessee, May, 1010. 


Professor Lyon Gardiner Tyler, LL.D., President of the College of 
William and Mary, author of 'The Cradle of the Republic: Jamestown and 
James River/' and other valuable works, says: ''Mrs. Annah Robinson 
Watson's new book, *Of Sceptred Race/ is a work of real value, as well as 
one containing many interesting historical facts. I have read the manu- 
script, and, judging all the chapters by those which deal with Virg^inia 
genealogies, — these being specially connected with my own field of investi- 
gation, and following the authorities very closely, — I think Mrs. Watson 
has been particularly conscientious in setting out the pedigrees. The 
book is written with ease and animation and I predict for it much success." 

Reverend Horace Edwin Uayden, M. A., of W'ilkea-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
author of "Virginia Genealogies," Corresponding Sercetary and Librarian 
of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, says: "'Of Sceptred 
Race' is the most attractive as well as the most authentic work of the 
kind ever issued from the American side. It is in the line of Historic 
Genealogy, and traces certain well-known American families, whose ances- 
tors came from Great Brtain in the early Colonial days, from the accepted 
and well proven Saxon, British, Scotch, French and German kings to 
the present day. 

"It is not only genealogical but richly historical. It neither eulogizes 
nor exalts the American ancestors nor their descendants, nor does it 
present to the reader tedious charts of generations of names. It gives 
many fascinating and well authenticated facts of English history, the 
gallant deeds of forefathers, the brilliant records of honored ancestry. 

"I have personally, carefully and critically examined most, if not all, 
of the pedigrees in the book, proving their accuracy by the fully recog^ 
nized authorities in such matters, — Dugdale, Douglas, Burke, Foster and 
other heralds; Stephen's matchless National Cyclopedia of English 
Biography, Parish Registers and similar accredited sources. The original 
papers from which the printed page has drawn its data show every genera- 
tion down to the American emigrant (ancestor), accurately proven by 
book and page. 

"Mrs. Watson's book Is the most interesting, stimulating and well proven 
book of the kind that has ever come under my observation. Her style is 
charmingly clear and forcible and she has already excelled in fiction, in 
poetry and in historic genealogy. The families whose lines of descent she 
baa so well presented may be justly proud of her success. 

" 'Of Sceptred Race' will take highest place among American Qenealo- 

(ttljapter Jffirst 

%\^t ||tBt0t^ of tl|e JInbimbud in Jits ^Relation to 
tl|e History of tl|e ^famtlg anb tl|e Ration. 

*' Every great event in history turns upon the action 
of an individual/' and the history of a nation is largely 
the history of the individuals of which the nation is com- 
posed; of those who have wielded the sceptre and of 
those who have rendered distinguished service in its 
support or defense. 

Of family history the same is true. It is the history 
of the individuals composing the family, and as such 
must take cognizance of these individuals, not only those 
belonging to the present generation, but those who may 
be discerned through the faint and fainter light which 
illumined the centuries reaching back to earliest authen- 
ticated ages. 

The historians of various nationalities of the old world 
have been at great pains to preserve the exact descent 
of the reigning families of their respective countries. 
The historians and genealogists of America have been 
equally conscientious and faithful in recording the his- 
tory of distinguished families, descending from ancient 
houses in these older countries, who have made homes on 
this side of the Atlantic. 

10 (if ^te^rfreb J^ce 

Hence, the records presented in this volume, being 
derived from such accredited sources, must stand or fall 
with the reputation of the historians of the Anglo-Saxon 

Who shall say that to-day, yesterday, a decade or a 
century, should mark the boundary line of study and 
research into family history! Is it nothing to the* student 
that his ancestors several generations removed signed the 
document which heralded the birth of this nation! Is 
it nothing that one more distant still, but in the 
direct line of ascent, signed at Runnymede, the great 
charter of English liberties t Nothing that one fought at 
Hastings, that another followed Alfred in his battles for 
right and noble living against the barbarians! 

What would fill the pages of national histories were the 
records of these individuals eliminated! To a large 
extent the barest chronicles stating that upon such a date 
such a monarch was crowned, upon another that such a 
battle was fought, upon another such or such a reach of 
territory was acquired by the crown. 

If these personal and individual records, as affecting 
the past history of nations, are valuable, how much more 
so wiU be the records of later times, especially our own 
times, to future generations! In the rush and crowding 
of events, the strange confusion of nationalities seen on 
this continent, it will prove of very great importance to 
later generations, to the nation, as well as to descendants 
of old and established families, that individual history, 
the records of heroism and of magnificent deeds of high 
endeavor, be preserved. Without such records in this 

and other countries, the inspirational forces of the human 
family may fail, the torch guiding to transcendent 
heights of individual and personal achievement, pale and 
become extinguished, and all the finer metal of soul and 
spirit become but dross. 

Volumes of history, romance and legendary lore, are 
full of allusions to the noted families of antiquity — to 
families in which many of the best known Americans 
have their origin — and such allusions are of vital 
import; they throw a side light upon bare genealogical 
data; they illuminate and make of them a living and 
breathing force, and are potent in the preservation of 
high ideals, the soul of chivalry and the influence of an 
age in which the spirit of gain had not yet dominated 

'' Respecting your forefathers, you are brought to 
respect yourselves," said Burke, and there can be no 
question of the trend of such respect. It is toward the 
uplift of the individual, and consequently includes the 
uplift of mankind at large. 

Sir Walter Scott declared that the recognition of *'the 
responsibility of a noble ancestry stimulated and inspired 
to a chivalrous conception of duty." Sir William Draper, 
speaking of the honor of the army, said : ' ' The strictest 
care has been taken to fill the commissions with such gen- 
tlemen as had the glory of their ancestors to support," 
thus showing that the self-respect generated by a con- 
scious pride in ancestry, was counted upon as a safeguard 
to the honor of the nation, and possessed a value com- 
mensurate with the dignity of the responsibility it 

12 (M ^teptreb J^ce 

There is a tendency in certain quarters to sneer, thongh 
it may be covertly, at the recognition of such influences. 
There are those who characterize them as un-Ameri- 
can, but this is a distinctly narrow view, and may in no 
sense be excused upon the plea that some have made the 
subject ridiculous through a zeal governed neither by 
judgment nor discretion. It should be remembered that 
**the abuse of an art can never among thinking men 
lessen the use of it," and those who may be inclined to 
deride and decry a vital interest in ancestry should first 
accord it serious consideration and examine its claims 
to respect. 

Even the most hopeful of those who make a chart of 
the nation's future admit that it stands in need of ''some 
conserving weight to counterbalance the irreverent and 
iconoclastic spirit of the times.'' Public trusts are 
abused, public honor trampled under foot, private hon- 
esty, truth and integrity are seen day by day trailed in 
the dust and mire of the market place. 

Where shall this conserving weight be found ! Not in 
wealth, not in education, not in highest political develop- 
ment, not wholly in religion, nor yet in high birth alone ; 
but it may be said without fear of contradiction that, next 
to religion, pride in an honorable and distinguished ances- 
try wields a power immensely stronger than any of the 
other influences named. 

Notwithstanding the opinions of those who ridicule 
class distinctions, they are the outgrowth of the wisdom of 
past ages; they existed before and have continued since 
the beginning of civilization, and from the higher and 

m ^teptreb Jtee 13 

distinctly enlightened classes, must be expected that fine 
flower of manhood and womanhood to which the race 
looks with uplifted eyes of hope. 

There must be those who live to build, not boast — ^a 
generous race — those whose activities are devoted in a 
large sense to the good of humanity in general rather 
than to that of the small clique or class whose horizon 
is measured by a selfish and contracted vision. The his- 
tory of the world has recorded many such examples in the 
past, and among those who were notable for such char- 
acteristics are included the forefathers of many well- 
known Americans of today. Surely the descendant of one 
conspicuous for noble traits cannot afford to be indiffer- 
ent to the study of ancestry. He cannot afford to ignore 
its importance ; he should not, in duty to himself, to those 
who have gone before, and to those who may come after, 
underrate its value. 

There are those who cherish a commendable pride in 
ancestral history, but whose interest does not extend 
beyond the American period — as if they considered 
America a new Eden for which another primal race had 
been created — but in refutation of such a view, one of 
the nation's most forceful writers has declared that 
*' Americans are entitled to a full share in the glories 
and recollections of the land of their forefathers, down 
to the time of colonization thence." 

This would seem to define as well as answer the ques- 
tion of the time limit for one's interest, also to support 
the assertion that the individual of gentle birth who came 
to this country, with his family history and traditions 

14 (^f ^ceptreb ]^t 

barking back to Bruce, to Alfred, to Charlemagne, also 
brougbt with him his family dignity, its culture, its high 
standard of honor, and its loyalty to the good and true 
as a rightful heritage. 

America can justly claim lineal descendants of the old- 
est and noblest families the world can boast ; families in 
whose veins flows the best blood of the world, whose pul- 
sations have kept time to the rise and fall of empires, to 
the planting and the passing of thrones and principalities. 
Let these prove today their birthright by most earnest 
effort to uphold the noblest standards of high thinking 
and noble living. 

Members of these families brought from the older coun- 
tries *'coat armor," the insignia of rank and distinction. 
These *' arms'* had been borne, in a large measure, by 
'*men content to perish for what they loved," men who 
had lived above the commonplace, men to whom the 
struggle for gold had been unnecessary, and who conse- 
quently had been able to devote themselves to more altru- 
istic conceptions and concerns. 

High birth is a distinction; it is a blessing, and entails 
responsibilities well expressed in the worn phrase, 
** Noblesse oblige." 

It is in those who can claim a long line of gentle ances- 
tors, by whom such qualities have been specially culti- 
vated and developed, that one may reasonably expect to 
find the most admirable traits and characteristics, the 
fine flavor of gentility, of courtesy, of reserve, of consid- 
eration for others, and that intuitive apprehension of the 
fitness of things and their proper proportion and rela- 

tion which marks ''good breeding/' There is evidence 
of an uplifting of the masses to a far higher degree of 
general culture than now exists, and with this culture will 
come a wider recognition of the finer qualities, of that 
moral valor which transcends merely physical courage, 
that apprehension which leads to discernment of a vast 
spiritual commonwealth in which ''orders and degrees 
jar not with liberty, ' ' and that generosity which excludes 
envy or jealousy of those who stamp the age with their 
own superior personality. Such conditions will bring 
about that pre-eminent measure of self-respect in the 
individual which would make it possible for each man to 
come in touch with the highest^ type of the race, with 
the laudable desire to be called his peer, and with the 
lowest, as a fellow-man and brother. 

'jflerebttg; Jits Relation to tl|e JInbttitbttal, 
tl|e JFamilg anb tl|e Jfation. 

Only the most casual observer or student can fail to 
realize the influence of his ancestors upon himself as an 

In a certain sense, whether these ancestors be a part 
of recent times or remote ages, they are of the essence 
of his life to-day. They came into the world, not as 
shifting shadows to be dissipated and disposed of when 
their own special portion of the work of a certain period 
was accomplished; they came into the world to stay; he 
cannot escape from them; their influences pursue him, 
abide with him, and take their places in his life as potent 
and resistless factors for good or for evil. 

Each day this fact is demanding a wider recognition. 
In the leisure which to a certain extent has come, and is 
coming, to all classes, time is found to consider cause and 
effect; and this, during the stress and strain of a fight 
for existence such as prevailed through the earlier years 
of the American nation, was quite impossible. 

Matters which then were overlaid, submerged and put 
out of reckoning, to-day have risen to the surface, and are 
demanding a fair and full consideration. This is true, 
though to an unequal degree, with the individual of 
average intelligence and the earnest scientist, whose 
vision would scan the furthest horizon of the race. 

Pride of ancestry is as old as the human family, and 

has been cherished by all its members save those of dis- 
tinctly low moral and intellectual development. The 
nations of antiquity, both lettered and unlettered, were 
dominated by its influence, and America would do well to 
follow the lead of some of the most enlightened powers, 
and enforce by law the preservation of family records. 

Gibbon, the great historian, declares that ''a lively 
desire of knowing and recording our ancestors so gen- 
erally prevails that it must depend on the influence of 
some common principle in the minds of men." Along 
with the earnest desire to know and honor our ancestors 
should exist an interest in and appreciation of the tradi- 
tions relating to them and their distinctive periods. 
Ofttimes these hold, crystallized, as it were, personal 
characteristics and records not otherwise preserved for 
the enlififhtenment of posterity, records which evidence 
the most exalted attributes, heroic devotion to principle, 
unflinching fidelity to duty, and that martyr spirit which 
quailed not even when life itself was demanded in defense 
of Faith, of Country, of Monarch or of BViend. 

And if, by grace of God, one may claim descent from 
noble ancestors, what shall be said of the value of these 
records as an hereditary dower? It was declared by a 
German philosopher that not a gesture, a thought, a sin, 
a tear, an atom of acquired consciousness, is lost — that at 
the most insignificant of our acts our ancestors arise in 
ourselves where they always live. If this is true, the force 
of heredity is one to be most gravely reckoned with, and 
an acknowledgment of the strength and perpetuity of the 
laws of heredity should be eviden<!ed both in our respect 

18 (^f ^ttiptxth ]^t 

for past generations of our people, and in a profound 
sense of our responsibility to our descendants. 

** Hereditary rank may be an illusion; but hereditary 
virtue gives a patent of innate nobleness beyond the 
blazonry of the Herald's College," said Washington 
Irving, and where these two influences or characteristics 
meet in the same lineage, one may expect a transcendent 
power for good. 

Junius declared, in speaking of the Duke of Grafton, 
'* There are some hereditary strokes of character by 
which a family may be as clearly distinguished as by the 
blackest or fairest feature of the human face." 

If this be acknowledged, and the weight of opinion 
would seem to favor its acceptance, the thoughtful man 
or woman dealing with the problems of existence will do 
well to pay earnest heed to laws governing the sources 
of life, of character and of its development. 

Scientists insist with much emphasis upon the truth of 
avatism, claiming that in all families may be seen the 
recurrence to original types, although generations may 
pass in which no very strong racial peculiarities are dis- 
covered. This imparts the deepest possible significance 
to the responsibility of those who, as parents, are an- 
swerable to future generations for the uplifting and up- 
building of humanity. 

There is no more indisputable truism than the ancient 
saying: **When one comes into life the gate of gifts 
closes behind him." The influence of the law of heredity 
culminates then, but is by no means escaped from at that 
time. Another entity is dowered with conscious life, and 

concealed within it are just as surely the germs which will 
bud and bloom, as in the pod which holds the flower seed. 
This individual, this new creature, develops and comes 
into life with its inherited gifts and characteristics, but 
just here the independence of the soul, the new soul, 
though cumbered by the limitations and inflexible laws of 
heredity, asserts itself. Just here is forced upon the 
attention the question which Herbert Spencer declares 
to be **that which demands beyond all others whatsoever, 
the attention of scientific men ; ' ' that is, how far may we 
influence our race, our posterity, through the power of 
acquired characteristics! Lamarck, who lived a gen- 
eration earlier than Darwin, stated: *'A11 that has been 
acquired, impressed or altered in the organization of 
individuals during the course of their lives is preserved 
by generation and transmitted to the new individuals 
which spring from those who have experienced these 
changes. ' ' 

It would appear that this law and the law of heredity 
act and re-act upon each other, and just so surely as the 
intelligent gardener, by careful choice of soil, of seed, of 
fertilization and by judicious weeding, can secure a supe- 
rior quality of blossom, just so surely, governed by the 
laws of intellectual and moral selection, and controlled 
by the best methods of training and nurturing, can in the 
human species be secured a superior quality of being and 
a preponderance of good over evil. 

To attain this result there must be the most assiduous 
fostering of inherited good, the most persistent stamp- 
ing out of inherited evil, the most constant effort to 



20 (©f ^ceptrei Jte;e 

graft upon the character thus pruned and cultivated the 
best gifts which may be acquired. 

Thus will be bestowed upon the world a new piece of 
music, as Emerson would have it, a new being with a 
dominant note of beauty, and this dominant note will be 
bequeathed to those who come after and furnish the basis 
for new and rarer harmonies which will insure, to those 
who aspire, still higher reaches in the scale of existence. 

There are immovable limits to the possibilities in this 
line of endeavor, as in all others, but nevertheless it is 
true that grand achievements will result from a scrupu- 
lous and faithful adherence to the laws governing these 

Equally upon the father and mother rests the respon- 
sibility of the inherited gifts and characteristics of the 
child, but mainly upon the mother the responsibilities per- 
taining to its acquired gifts. In the care of her little 
child, by duty well done, may the mother be called to the 
highest vocation in life, for so may she be a trainer of 
souls. So may she be the foster-mother of beings still 
higher in the scale of development. So may she elevate 
the species and aid in the ultimate triumph of good over 
evil, and so will she send forth to the tourney of life her 
children with this legend blazoned upon their banners : 

''Be noble, and the nobleness that lies in other men, 
sleeping, but never dead, will rise in majesty to meet 
thine own/' 

22 (©f ^teptrei J^ace 

Saxon England before ever the haughty Norman had 
* high mettled the blood in our veins. ' ' ' 

With the history of royal and noble families, that of 
chivalry is inseparably interwoven, and for an intelligent 
comprehension of historic allusions and incidents con- 
nected with such families, some familiarity with knightly 
rules, observances and customs, is essential. 

The purest essence of chivalry is to be found in what 
has been termed **the triad of loves; love of God, love of 
woman, and love of country ; ' ' and, associated with these, 
loyalty to a pledge, reverence for all women, an ungrudg- 
ing munificence, and scorn of money for its own sake, 
were obligatory tenets of the knightly creed. 

Many incidents preserved by old chroniclers are well 
worthy of remembrance; the knight, who upon hearing 
that his mortal enemy was in want of wine, stopped the 
siege, sent a cask from his own supply under a flag of 
truce, and then continued the war, was a fine example of 
the spirit of knightly usage ; and notwithstanding the fact 
that during the so-called days of chivalry there was much 
of cruelty, brutality and of general wrong-doing, there 
can be no denial of the fact that the world is -largely in- 
debted for its present conception of courtesy as well as 
philanthropy to the knightly spirit of a long vanished 
age. A recent writer has declared that ''the essential 
attributes of chivalry are of an imperishable nature; 
that it is laughed at only by the half-educated, and held 
in disrepute only when ideality is lacking in the mind of 
a nation. ' ' 

The origin of knighthood is widely attributed to the 

(©f ^ceptreif 3^te 23 

time of the great Welsh king and hero, Arthnr Pen- 
dragon, who lived abont five hundred and thirty-seven, 
or, making a more accurate statement, whose great battle 
of Camlan is supposed to have been fought in that year ; 
but, in point of fact, while associated by early writers 
with the great Arthur, the actual development of chiv- 
alry, as generally understood, belongs to a later period. 

A rare and curious old volume, called ' ' The Worthines 
of Wales," published in 1587, contains a ballad to King 
Arthur, which preserves, as does an old-time chest the 
aroma of long dead roses and lavender, the flavor of his 

King Arthur's raigne (though true it weare) 

Is now of small account; 
The dame of Troy is knowne each where, 

And to the skyes doth mount. 

Both Athens, Thebes, and Carthage, too. 

We hold of great renowne ; 
What, then, I pray you, shall we doo, 

To poor Carleon townet 

King Arthur sure was crowned there. 

It was his royal seate; 
And in this towne did sceptre beare, 

With pomp and honor greate. 

Queen Guenever was crowned likewise. 

In Julius church, they say. 
Where that four queens in solemn guise 

(In royal, rich array) 

24 ^ ^teptrei ]^t 

Four pigeons whyte, bore in their hands 

Before the princess' face, 
In sign the queen of British lands, 

Was worthy of that grace. 

In Arthur's time a table round 

Was there whereat he sate; 
And yet a plot of goodly ground 

Sets forth that rare estate. 

Not only kings and noble peeres 

Repaired unto that place, 
But learned men, full many yeares. 

Received therein there grace. 

Then you that aunsient things denies 

Let now your talk surcease ; 
When proof is brought before your eyes. 

Ye ought to hold your peace. 

And let Carleon have his right, 

And joy his wonted fame; 
And let each wise and worthy wight, 

Speake well of Arthur's name. 

While the fullest development of knighthood belongs 
to a later period than that of King Arthur, there can be 
little doubt that he, more than any other sovereign of that 
early day, impressed his own personality upon its usages 
and inspired his followers to a higher conception of the 
beauty and dignity of manhood. It is claimed by some 


(^ §^tt^th ?te;e 25 

writers that during the reign of Arthur it became cus- 
tomary to place certain devices upon the shields, and of 
these devices quaint old Caxton says they were '*to the 
entente that Noble men may see and leme the noble actes 
of Chevalrye, the jentyle and vertuous dedes that somme 
knyghtes used in there days, by whyche they came to 
honour. ' ' 

The shield is supposed to have been plain, or perhaps 
white, until by some martial exploit the warrior had won 
distinction, and so the right to bear upon his shield evi- 
dence thereof. The Welsh bard, Hywel ap Owain 
Qwynedd, laments failure to obtain a prize at the national 
contest, because it leaves his shield still *' white:" 

*' Another has been the successful competitor; 
He carries the apple spray, the emblem of victory ; 
Whilst my shield remains white upon my shoulder, 
Not blazoned with the desired achievement. ' ' 

Tennyson refers to the same custom in **Gareth and 
Lynette : ' ' 

**For, midway down the side of the long hall, 

A stately pile — whereof along the front. 
Some blazon 'd, some but carven, and some blank. 

There ran a treble range of stony shields — 
Rose, and high arching overbrow'd the hearth. 

And under every shield a knight was named ; 
For this was Arthur's custom in his hall. 

When some good knight had done a noble deed 
His arms were carven only ; but if twain 

His arms were blazon 'd also ; but if none 
The shield was blank and bare, without a sign 

Saving the name beneath. ' ' 

26 (^ #teptrei J^ace 

Such allusions bear testimony to the fact that in early 
days the distinctions conferred upon knights were largely 
in recognition of prowess in the use of arms, or of some 
heroic action. Early writers declare that during Arthur's 
reign it became necessary or expedient to define quite 
clearly the regulations under which the young noble might 
aspire to enter the charmed circle of knighthood. These 
regulations showed three distinct requirements. 

He must prove himself a gentleman; that is, of noble 

He must have achieved some chivalrous action whereby 
his shield would no longer be white, or blank. 

He must be of sufficient estate to support the demands 
of a valiant spirit in the matter of munificence and of 

This ruling in the time of King Arthur is set forth in 
the following quaint old ballad of the time of King 
Edward the Third, which relates to a certain Sir Tudor 
Vaughan, a Welshman, and ancestor of King Henry the 
Seventh. Complaint was made to King Edward that this 
Sir Tudor Vaughan had assumed the dignity of knight- 
hood without right so to do, and the king was asked to 
summon the offender to his presence to answer to the 

**And thus 'twas told the king, 
An't please my liege. 
There's a certain lawless one, a daring chief, 
A rascal Welshman — a mere mountain squire I 
Has dared announce himself a self-made knight ; 
Usurping blasphemously knightly title, 

(^ #teptreb Jte;e 27 

And royal donorship whence such should emanate. 
Sir Tudor Vaughan, of Qrono, is he called. 
Somewhat of note among the scoundrel Britons, 
But scorned by us, high Normanders and Saxons." 

A day was fixed on to accite 
Before the king the self-made knight, 
And when the day appointed came 
He answered to his name. 

The king beheld the stately form 
And honest face of manly charm, 
A man whose bearing might express 
The acme of all nobleness I 

All marveled, with expanded eyes ; 
''Ah, what audacity I" each one cries; 
King Edward said: ''Go onl Gk> on! 
Defend thyself. Sir Tudor Vaughan.'' 

Then answer came : 

"In British Arthur's ancient code 
There is a law, whence 'tis allowed 
Whoso three requisites possess 
Might be a knight by native right, 
And sooth, my claim 's no less I 
And I have friends, and I have foes. 
My heart for these, my scorn for those I 
Though standing on tiie Saxon's land. 
Defy I spite and envy's band! 
And here erect before the throne, 
Who'll dare confront Sir Tudor Vaughanf 

28 (if ^ttpixth J^ate 

And if my sovereign, good and great, 

Doubts the extent of my estate, 

I'll entertain his court unpaid, 

My king and knightly cavalcade, 

As long as he or they will deign 

Beneath my humble roof remain; — 

Doubt they I'm a gentleman. 

Let Doctors wise my learning scan; 

Or let the humblest here accuse 

Of wrong, injustice, or misuse; 

And whoso doubts me truly brave. 

Now here's my gauntlet, here's my glaive!" 

* * Stand up ! I would not have thee kneel ! ' ' 

King Edward cried, and bared his steel. 

**0, thou of prowess so commanding! 

I'll knight thee Briton now, and standing 

Erect as thy integrity. 

Sir Tudor Vaughan, henceforward be ! " 

As an immediate and inseparable influence of knightly 
usage, came the recognition and recording of noble and 
heroic actions. There can be but one opinion regarding 
the practical as well as ethical value of such influence, 
for if it be true, as claimed by many careful thinkers, 
**that the morals of the imaginary world may ruin the 
morals of the world of actuality," by the presentment of 
certain phases of life in works of fiction, the reverse must 
also be true that the presentment of the highest morals 
of the actual world will vitally aid in the uplift of those 
who may be reached by the recital. 

* ' There is a natural gravitation of souls which attracts 
us to mighty personalities;" there is an ethical force, an 

(if ^ceptrei J^ce 29 

altruistic power, a potent and creative element in the 
rehearsal of nol3le deeds; there is a contagion in the 
magnificent enthusiasm aroused and stimulated by them, 
and it was in recognition of this fact that the bards of 
ancient times sang their martial histories at the firesides 
of their chieftains, following as they did so in each case 
his direct line of descent. It was in deference to this 
influence that at the burial of an ancient Scottish noble 
the minstrel recited his lineage, and sang of the deeds of 
prowess performed by his ancestors. It was with the 
knowledge of the subtle power exercised by such rehearsal 
that, as the old chroniclers tell us, Tailefer, the royal 
minstrel of Normandy, chanted upon the bloody field of 
Hastings the magnificent deeds of Roland, much beloved 
of Charlemagne. 

The oath of the knight of olden times upon whom was 
to be conferred the distinction of ''arms," was, ''to 
speak the truth, to maintain the right, to protect and 
champion the distressed, to practice courtesy, to fulfill 
obligations of duty, and to vindicate honor." 

Surely this oath is as applicable to the conditions of 
life today as it was to those of eight hundred years ago. 

In this prosaic age of materialism, of gilded animalism, 
of sordid living and commercial ideals, any line of 
investigation which directs attention to noble examples 
and noble deeds, must result in higher ideals for the 
present and the future. 

Is it a vision bom of transcendental optimism which 
sees the flowering of a new knighthood! Is it too much 
to hope that with all the achievements of the age, all the 
refinements and culture, all the blessings of religion, there 
may develop in the twentieth century the highest type of 
chivalry yet known to the world! 

(ttlfapter Jffourtlf 

l^trslbg, ttfe Exponent of Jkm$lfti{f^f^i. 

No one may claim a broad culture to whom Heraldry 
is a sealed science. Chaucer, Skakespeare, Walter Scott, 
Dante, and many other masters of song and of dramatic 
art, have so embellished and flavored their pages with 
references to its symbols and historic significance, that 
one quite ignorant of their meaning might as well expect 
to read intelligently extracts from a dead language. 

What will one whose education has been neglected in 
this particular study understand when reading in Henry 
the Sixth, the cry of Richard Plantagenett — 

**Call hither to the stake my two brave bears. 
That with the very shaking of their chains 
They may astonish these fell-lurking curs; 
Bid Salisbury and Warwick come to me.'* 

reference, of course, being made to the Earls of Salis- 
bury and Warwick, father and son, whose arms showed a 
bear chained to a ragged staff, said to have been a device 
used since early Saxon times. 

Unless one knew that the arms of Richard the Third 
were characterized by a white boar, how would he trans- 
late the lines : 

* * To fly the boar before the boar pursues 
Were to incense the boar to follow us, 
And make pursuit where he did make no chase. ' ' 

(if ^tt^vtti 3^te 31 

Records of various specific devices as borne by certain 
individuals are to be found which antedate by a long 
period the records of Heraldry as now understood. 
Homer describes the buckler worn by Pallas in the Tro- 
jan conflict: 

'* Round the margin rolled a fringe of hissing serpents. 
And the dire orb portentous, Gorgon crowned/' 

Hesiod alludes to the shield of Hercules, saying: 

'*With ruddy gold eflFulgent, 
With the scaly terror of a dragon 
Coiled in the full central field/' 

Plutarch states that the ' * people of Denmark, Norway 
and North Germany had shields painted in glowing colors 
with figures of wild beasts and other devices, ' ' and that 
these were used as tribal distinctions; but it should be 
remembered that these individual tribal or national sym- 
bols, as seen on shields, were in no way connected with 
Heraldry, as developed during a later age. 

Several different devices are ascribed to the shield of 
King Arthur. One of these being two crowned dragons, 
another a cross of silver on a green field. Vortigem, a 
British king of the fifth century, is also said to have dis- 
played the cross upon his shield. Indeed, this is one of 
the most frequent and ancient heraldic symbols, having 
been in use long before, as well as ever since, the 

During the crusades and the gathering of warriors 
from all parts of the Christian world, it became import- 

32 #f §^ct}ftvth JRace 

ant that distinctive devices be assumed by those not 
already possessing them. These, when displayed upon 
the shield, could be distinguished for quite a distance 
either upon the field or in camp, but the crest worn upon 
the helmet was visible for a much greater distance. 

The influence of the crusades is readily discovered in 
the symbols of Heraldry. After this time the cross is 
frequently seen with the lower beam sharpened — 
**fitchee," it is called — and is said to signify that it was 
used as a staff by the pilgrims, then stuck into the ground 
as a standard when they camped on the field. 

The escallop shell is frequently seen after that time, 
and is said to signify service and safe return from the 
crusades, as these shells abounded on the shores of the 
Mediterranean sea. Among the most interesting and 
significant devices connected with the crusades are those 
which appear on the Douglas and Lockhart shields. 

The good king of Scotland, Robert Bruce, set his heart 
upon joining the crusaders and going to the Holy Land, 
but he fell ill and died before making his pilgrimage. 
When nigh unto death he charged his loyal retainer. Sir 
James Douglas, with a sacred mission, saying: ''Since 
my body cannot perform what my heart desires, I will at 
least send my heart to keep its vow." 

Sir James set out soon after, carrying the heart of his 
monarch in a silver casket. At the battle of Salado, when 
surrounded by the enemy. Sir James took the casket, 
which was fastened to a chain about his neck, and threw it 
before him, exclaiming, '*Now, pass thou onward, as 
thou wert ever wont to do, and Douglas will follow thee 
or diel*' 

Sir James was slain, and his body found lying near the 
casket, which was discovered by Sir Simon Lockhart, 
taken back to Scotland and buried, or so the tradition 
declares. It is stated that before this occurrence the 
Douglas shield had borne three silver stars on a blue 
field, but after this a red heart surmounted by an imperial 

The Lockhart arms also bear a device connected with 
this incident. The heart appearing on their shield is set 
in an ancient padlock, the latter symbol recording the fact 
that Sir Simon Lockhart rescued the silver casket on 
the field of Salado, and that he had been entrusted with 
its key when starting upon the pilgrimage. 

An ancient writer upon Heraldry quaintly asks: **How 
can a sovereign give more honour to a gentleman than 
by the spreading out and publique declaration of his name 
and family, and that can be done by no apter means 
than to command his officer-at-arms to devise to the same 
gentleman signs in his arms to express his name. For 
thereby his fame shall be extended and made further 
knowne. ' ' 

In many instances it is probable that this purpose (the 
recognition of the name in the armorial bearings) decided 
the device. Many such instances might be given, but in 
the main the devices as seen on the arms of a family bear 
testimony to some deed of heroism or valor. It is said 
that the *'arms" borne by one branch of the Torrence 
family show two oars crossed, in token that once, when 
Robert Bruce was closely pursued by an enemy, two mem- 
bers of this family sprang to his rescue and rowed him 

34 (M #teptreh J^e 

across a lake to safety. The oars bear testimony to 
this fact. 

Id one of the battles between England and France, Sir 
Elias Hicks captured three French standards, and to 
honor this deed he was knighted by the Black Prince and 
his arms decorated with three golden flenrs-de-lis. 

The arms of the Davis family show conspicuously a 
spear in recognition of the heroic action of Samnel Davis, 
a member of the English Board of Revenue, who in Ben- 
gal, defended a building single-handed against an attack 
of natives. He stood in a narrow stairway, armed only 
with a spear, and fought with the greatest bravery and 
fortitude, thus giving time for the English cavalry to 
reach the scene. 

Heraldic bearings were also soinetiines due, one might 
say, to caprice, as in the case of the family of Nightingale, 
which show a rose. This is said to refer to the eastern 
legend, which declares the love existing between this bird 
and the flower named. Moore gives expression to the 
thought in his graceful verse : 

** Though rich the spot 
With every flower this earth has got, 
What is it to the Nightingale 
If there his darling rose be notf 

The figure in the arms of de Vere, which resembles a 
star, is accounted for by a (luaint legend. During a fierce 
battle between the crusaders and the Saracens, **the 
night cumming on and waxing dark, the Christianes 
being four miles from Antioche, God willing, the saufle 

(©f #teptreh J^e 35 

of the Christianes showed a white star on the Christiane 
host, which to every man's sighte did lighte and arrest 
upon the standard of Aubrey de Vere, there shining 
excessively. ' ' 

In some cases it chanced that two distinct families bore 
the same arms, as did those of Lord Scrope, and Sir Rob- 
ert Grosvenor. The first asserted that his family had 
borne these arms since the Norman Conquest. Sir Gros- 
venor declared that they were bestowed upon his ances- 
tors by King Arthur. A wager of battle was resorted 
to, but without decisive result, and each family continued 
to bear the same arms until the conclusion of a trial at 
law, which lasted five years, when judgment was ren- 
dered in favor of Lord Scrope, Sir Robert Grosvenor 
being allowed to bear the arms, but set in a white border. 
This compromise he refused to accept, but the case being 
referred to King Richard the Second, he, too, decided in 
favor of Lord Scrope. In the papers setting forth the 
details of this case, which are preserved in the Tower of 
London, GeoflFrey Chaucer, Esquire, is mentioned as a 
witness for Lord Scrope. 

Many of the mottoes seen on coats of arms are older 
than the devices on the shields, and are a survival or 
exact reproduction of ancient battle cries or '^slogans,'* 
used by early ancestors. ''Slogan" is said not to be an 
Irish term, as has often been stated, but to be derived 
from the Scotch **slughom,'' the horn giving the signal 
for onset. 

The battle cry, as used by a special clan or tribe, was 
usually chosen by its chief or referred in some manner 

36 (if ^teptreh ]Sisitt 

to his own or his ancestors' achievements, but in the 
reign of Henry the Seventh, the use of ail individual 
battle cries was forbidden as encouraging factional feel- 
ing when there should be but tlie one vital and compre- 
hensive thought, that all were Englishmen. 

As attesting the value and recognition of heraldic de- 
vices, may be quoted the statement of Sir Thomas de la 
More, that Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, lost his 
life because, having neglected to put on his surcoat, when 
taken prisoner of battle, he w^as put to death; no insignia 
of rank being visible, it was supposed that he was not 
worth a ransom. 

The use of heraldic devices at an early day to mark 
personal belongings is evidenced by the fact that Edmund 
Mortimer, Earl of March, bequeathed in his will, dated 
1380, a silver spice box engraved with his arms, to Gil- 
bert, Bishop of Hereford. 

In a quaint old book by Dame Juliana Bemes, who 
wrote about 1480, and which is rich in early heraldic lore, 
it is said: ** We see how mony poore men by theyre grace, 
favour, labour or desenjuage are made nobles. Some by 
theyre prudence, some by theyre manhede, some by 
theyre strengthe, some by theyre cunnnynge, some by 
other virtues." This was near the time of the establish- 
ment of the ** Herald's College" in 1483, when Heraldry 
was a subject of sincere and serious interest, and had 
become a science, with classifications and a technical lan- 
guage of its own. 

Since that time the science has been variously styled : 
*'The bride of history," 'Hhe handmaid of history" and 

(M #teptreh J^te 37 

''the science of fools with long memories,'' but, as has 
been aptly said by one of its earnest students : ''Until all 
respect for high and noble deeds shall be destroyed on 
earth, an art which assists to perpetuate the remem- 
brance of one's ancestors, can never be truly called the 
'science of fools.' " 

It is easily understood why the bearing of "arms" 
exerted upon those who possessed them a powerful influ- 
ence, both social and moral. To keep the escutcheon 
untarnished became the first desire of the knightly heart, 
and to be deprived of his ' ' arms ' ' one of the direst mis- 
fortunes; but a just estimate of real worth was also 
entertained, for a very early author expresses himself 
on this point in verses which must recall Tennyson : 

" 'Tis better to be meanly bom, and good. 
Than one unworthy of his noble blood. 
Though all thy walls shine with thy pedigree 
Yet virtue only makes nobility. 
Then that thy pedigree may useful be, 
Search out the virtues of thy family; 
And to be worthy of thy father's name. 
Learn out the good they did, and do the same- 

For if you bear their anus, and not their fame. 
Those ensigns of their worth will be your shame." 


(E^scfttv Ififtlr 

Sfumt Ancient ^bbegs anb '3ri|Ht (Connection Wttl| 

In the study of ancestry, and tlie logical presentment 
of topics closely allied or fundamentally connected there- 
with, it would appear quite worth while, to consider 
briefly — along with the relation of the history of the indi- 
vidual to that of the nation, the development of chivalry 
and knighthood, and the outgrowth of Heraldry — ^the 
light thrown upon all these kindred subjects by records 
found in ancient abbeys. 

It is quite impossible to do more than suggest to the 
student the rich mine of fascinating lore which this 
division of the subject necessarily includes, for he must 
remember that for many centuries religion was the most 
potent influence in the development of the higher per- 
sonal, artistic and asthetic conceptions of life, and that 
the religious houses were the great centres of this devel- 

The contagious quality of Christianity, its marvelous 
power and persistence in reaching out from Jerusalem 
to Bome, and thence to the far northwest where lay the 
British Isles, destined to become the greatest civilizing 
centre of the world, is too large a subject to be treated 
in the present volume, but the impulse and development 
of Christianity is too vital a force in the development 
of individual, family and national life to be ignored. It 
was woven into the woof and warp of existence; it was 

(Bf #teptreh J^te 39 

blazoned on the knight's insignia, on the silken folds of 
the banner of his chief; it was broidered on the cloth of 
gold of his sovereign, and showed in the national heraldic 
symbols of all civilized peoples. 

With snch strength had the Christian religion taken 
root in the British Isles, that three hundred years after 
its precarious establishment in Judea, it sent from these 
Isles representatives to the Council of Aries, and from 
this time the Christian festivals began to be regarded as 
great national events. 

On Christmas day was Clovis, fierce and cruel king 
of the Franks, already softened by the influence of his 
Christian wife, baptized with a great company of war- 
riors. On Christmas day in the year eight hundred was 
Charlemagne, Emperor of the West, crowned also Em- 
peror of Rome. On Christmas day, ten hundred and 
sixty-six, was William the Conqueror crowned William 
the First of England, and upon this momentous occasion 
the Bishop of Constance for the Normans, the Bishop of 
York for the Saxons, represented the influence of Chris- 
tianity and its potential bearing upon the fundamental 
principles of national existence. 

Among ancient abbeys that of Glastonbury, which has 
been called **the cradle of British Christianity," should 
receive most reverent attention. In early days its site 
was known as Ynys Avallon, or the Isle of Avallon. 
Here was the home of King Arthur; here gathered the 
knights of his table round ; here was he laid to rest, and 
hither came King Henry the Second to visit his sacred 
tomb. Here assembled, some twelve years since, bishops 

40 (M ^tqrtreh J^te 

of the Anglican communion from all parts of the world, 
and from the ruins of the Abbey of Glastonbury were 
sacred stones then brought to America, to be used as a 
memorial in the Cathedral of Washington. It is a solemn 
and significant fact that these historic stones bear testi- 
mony to the continuity of the church and to the hereditary 
religious legacy of her children. 

There is much to attest the liistoric truth of the legend 
claiming this site as the residence of King Arthur, of 
that Arthur who was a power among men, and the type 
during all the centuries since his time, of knightly valor 
and kingly dignity. The ancient Welsh records contain 
most interesting details of his correspondence with and 
attitude toward Lucius, ** Dictator of the Publick Weal of 
Rome." From one of tliese old rer»ords it would appear 
that King Arthur and his knights were assembled for a 
royal feast at Glastonbury, when a notable Roman 
embassy arrived, bearing a letter to the king, which was 
read in the hearing of all. 

*'To Arthur, King of Britaine," so runs the letter, *'I 
have exceedingly wondered to thinke of thy tyrannical 
dealing. I doe marvel, I say, and in considering the mat- 
ter, I am angrie and take it in ill part, the injuries that 
thou hast offered to Rome. * ♦ ♦ Por the tribute due 
from Britaine, Which the senate commanded thee to pay; 
for that Julius Caesar and other worthy Romans long and 
many years enjoyed the same, this, thou of the contempt 
of such an honourable estate, hast presumed to detaine 
and keepe back. * * *'* 

By command of King Arthur, the members of the 

embassy were most honorably entreated and entertained, 
while the matter with which they were commissioned 
received attention. The king made an oration to his 
lords and people after this wise, declaring to them his 
opinion of the matter : 

* ' My followers and company ons, both of my adversitie 
and prosperitie, whose fidelities I have heretofore both in 
yonr counsels and in exployting militaire services had 
good tryall and experience of, listen now and afford unto 
me your advice, and wisely foresee, what you think con- 
venient for us as touching such demands and command- 
ments, to be done. • * • What think ye now! Judge 
you that the Romans have any reason or right to demand 
tribute at our hands? * * *" 

The same record contains the oration of Cador Duke 
of Cornwall; of Anfwere of Howell, King of Little 
Britaine, and of the King of Albania, all approving the 
refusal of King Arthur to comply with the demands of 

This correspondence is strong evidence of the actual 
existence of King Arthur. The influence of his character 
in the annals of knighthood has already been mentioned, 
but it would be difficult to ignore another aspect of his 
life as portrayed by writers of a later period. And this 
is the religious influence associated with his life and 
achievements. It is as a Christian knight that chroniclers 
delight to present him; the Christian knight who bore 
upon his shield the cross of Christ, and upon his helmet 
emblem of his faith. 

Some foundation there must have been for the con- 

42 (Bf #teptreh JRate 

nection of this mighty warrior with the most sacred 
legend in all the world's history, that of the ^^Holy 
Grail/* which, briefly given from the ancient records, 
states that Joseph of Arimathea, who for fear of the 
Jews, had not dared appear during the tragedy at the 
palace of Caesar, or the Judgment Hall of Pilate, over- 
come with penitence and sore shaken with sobs, went to 
that ^' upper room," where the Christ and His disciples 
had supped. There upon the deserted table stood the 
chalice which but now the Sacred Lips had touched; 
this, Joseph clasped in reverent hands, and hastening to 
the hill of Calvary, held beneath the bleeding wounds. 
Later, he took the body of Jesus, and wrapping it in a 
fair linen cloth, laid it in a rock-hewn sepulchre never 
before defiled by body of man. 

Then Joseph, fleeing from the persecutions of the 
Jews, went forth to preach the gospel, carrying with him 
the sacred vessel, placed in a little ark of wood, and with 
him went seventy-five of the faithful. At last to Britaine 
journeyed Joseph, where the sacred vessel disappeared, 
but whether lost or caught up into Heaven, none could 
tell. In the time of Arthur still was the story told of the 
sacred vessel, and in his time was the quest to find the 
same and bring it again to the haunts of men. 

Among the knights was one called Galahad, a gentle 
youth, to whom King Arthur said when he dubbed him 
knight : ^ ^ Gk>d make thee good as thou art beautiful, ' ' and 
Galahad was pure of heart and pure of life, and in token 
that he would so remain, took unto himself an armor 
white, and so passed in and out of Arthur's court and 
bore him humbly at the table round with his fellows. 

Bnt on a snmmer's night he sat him down in myistic 
chair of Merlin, and as he meditated the ^eat hall 
thrilled to softest strains, to strains as blown by trumpets 
silver-toned, and through the casement wide there stole 
a beam or shaft of light, whereon came, floating as from 
Heaven, the Sacred Cup, the Holy Grail I 

Then shone the face of Oalahad with strangest joy, 
and every soul within the hall was stirred to passion of 
endeavor and delight for all had seen and felt the 
radiance, and straight divined the promise was fulfilled 
that again the Holy Cup would be vouchsafed to mortal 

Then Arthur, looking on them, asked: ''Didst thou see 
aught? Didst thout" But one by one each answered: 
' * No, my lord. I saw it not ; but only the heavenly light. * * 
So all replied until he reached Sir Galahad, youngest of 
them all, who lifted up his voice and cried, in tones of 
wonder great and joy: ''Oh, King! Oh, Arthur I True, 
I saw the Holy Thing, and surely I heard a Voice borne 
in upon the amber light, and it whispered, 'Oalahad I 
Oh, Galahad ! Follow Me ! ' and now, oh, king, oh, Arthur, 
well beloved, I go I** 

"To thee, and only such, may the sacred vision be 
vouchsafed," replied the king. 

And soon thereafter went full many a knight, Lfaunce- 
lot and Percival, and others for to seek the Holy Orail. 

And here at Avallon, where met the knights of table 
round, was later built a place of prayer, and here later 
still the walls of Glastonbury stood. To-day but a roofless 
pile, it bears a deathless testimony to the truth of history 

44 <©f S^teptreh J^te 

and the beginnings of that Christian civilization which 
has come down to the present time. 

One of the most ancient abbeys claiming close relations 
with individuals belonging to noble houses and with the 
national life, is that of Tewkesbury. Supported by Rob- 
ert of Gloucester, Gilbert de Clare, Edward le Despencer 
and Warwick, the *'king maker," their bodies lie here 
amidst an array of historic tombs and memorials second 
only to the treasures of Westminster Abbey. A curious 
old vestry door is showTi at Tewkesbury, which was made 
by the monks from swords and pieces of armor picked 
up by them after the battle of Tewkesbury. 

Dumfernline Abbey is inseparably associated with Mal- 
colm Canmore and his good Queen Margaret. Here, in 
the Abbey, once a magnificent structure, were all the 
kings of Scotland buried, from Malcolm to King Robert 
the Bruce. Early in the eighteenth century, during work 
of restoration, the exact burial place of King Robert 
Bruce was discovered. There was no difficulty in iden- 
tification; the body was enclosed in a leaden covering, 
shaped at the head into the form of a crown. On exam- 
ination, the skeleton showed that the ribs had been sawn 
asunder in order that the heart might be removed. The 
story of its journey to the Holy Land in the (;are of Sir 
James Douglas, the truth of which was thus confirmed, 
has already been given. 

David, the son of Malcolm Canmore, and his wife, Mar- 
garet, established Holyrood, but, little of the original 
structure remains. Only a few chambers of the once 
beautiful palace stand, and these show the environment 

of Mary, Queen of Scots, with many pathetic tokens of 
her days of imprisonment. The great, cumbrous bed- 
stead, where doubtless she passed many weary nights of 
weeping; a little workbox which once held her French 
embroidery; the pictures she loved, and the quaint chairs 
of an olden pattern, where her graceful form reposed. 
To-day her body rests in Westminster Abbey, beneath a 
rich canopy, while a crowned Scotch lion keeps guard at 
her feet. 

A tender and pathetic interest attaches to Sweetheart 
Abbey, built by Devorgilla, a great-great-granddaughter 
of David the First, King of Scotland. She married John 
de Baliol, Lord of Galloway, he who was later Regent of 
Scotland. The two were most tenderly attached, and 
when the husband died the wife was left disconsolate. 
Her distress was so great that she caused his heart to 
be embalmed that, in its ivory casket, it might be her con- 
stant companion. After a time she founded an abbey, 
and when dying, ordered that her body should rest there 
with the heart of him who had been so tenderly beloved. 
The command was obeyed, and the place of sepulture 
called ''Sweetheart Abbey.'* 

This Devorgilla and John de Baliol were the parents 
of John de Baliol, King of Scotland, crowned at Scone, 
1298, who later died in exile. 

In a rare old Welsh volume, date 1587, many details 
of coat armor, as seen on the walls of old chapels, are 
given. Among them are the following lines, showing that 
these arms were supposed to belong to women as well 
as men : 

46 <©f #tq>treh JRate 

** Right ore against this windowe, low, 
In stone a ladie lyes ; 
And in her hands a hart, I trow, 
She holds before yonr eyes. 
And on her breast, a great fair shield. 
In which she bears no more, 
But three great flowerdeluces large; 
And even low, right ore 
Her head another ladie lyes 
With squirrel on her hand, 
And at her feet, in stone likewise, 
A couching hound doth stand ; 
They say her squirrel lept away. 
And toward it she did run ; 
And as from fall she sought to stay 
The little pretty Bun, 
Right down from top of wayy she fell 
And took her death thereby. 
Thus what T heard, I do you tell, 
And what is seen with eye.'* 

This same ancient volume sots forth the many coats of 
arms to be seen at the Castle of Ludloe, the estate of Sir 
Walter Lacie. These are most quaintly placed in a list, 
some of the names being as follows : 

** Jeffrey Genyuil, did match with Lacie. 

Roger Mortymer, the first earle of Martchy, an earlc 
of a great house matcht with Genyuil. 

Leonell, Duke of Clarence, joyned with Ulster in Arms. 

Edward the fourth matcht with Wodville of Rivers. 

Henry the Seventh matcht with Elizabeth right heiro 
of England. 

Rowland Lee, Bishop of Coventry and Litchfield. 

Nicholas Bobinson, Bishop of Bangore. 

Sir John Throgmorton, knight, Justice of Chester and 
the three shires of Eastwales. 

William Gerrard, Lord Chancellor of Ireland and Jus- 
tice of the three shires of South wales. * * 

The quartering of arms is a very interesting depart- 
ment of the study of Heraldry, but it is also very com- 
plicated, and the escutcheons, as seen in many abbeys and 
ancient castles, could probably only be correctly read by 
a most accomplished scholar in this special line. It is 
said that there may be seen at Fawsley Hall, Northamp- 
tonshire, an escutcheon bearing three hundred and thirty- 
four quarterings. 


(Hlfapter #ixtlf 

^litti tilt (Sreat anh (^ti^tv f^otfttti$ns 3^rom WIfirat 

tife Ito^al |[tttea0e of JRang Pt9im0ttislfeb 

^m^ritans is P^ritieb. 

He flashed, a meteor, in the Island skies, 

But o'er the whole wide world there flamed the light 
Of steady purpose, masterful command, 

To lead against the Wrong the Hosts of Bight. 
He bade the best in man awake, arise. 

And meet, undaunted, fiercest foes of life. 
He opened pathways for the higher reach 

Of soul and mind in noblest human strife. 
His spirit, ah, it cannot ever die, 

It thrills the Nations with its power to-day. 
Despite the lapse of all the thousand years, — 

And so Columbia with a crown of Bay 
Would wreathe tlie shrine of his immortal fame. 

Her millions cry, **God bless King Alfred's name!" 

It is claimed by many ancient writers that about the 
beginning of the Christian era a warlike prince of Asia 
left his kingdom near the Black Sea and came, with a 
mighty band of followers, to the Northwestern peninsula 
of Europe. 

According to these early historians, he established rule 
over a vast extent of country, which was inherited by his 
posterity, and many generations later (519) his descend- 
ant, Cerdic, founded the kingdom of Wessex. 

Of this kingdom, Winton Ceaster was the capital, and 
here was established the ** Sanctuary of the house of Cer- 
dic and Minster of the West Saxons." The present 
Cathedral of Winchester, begun in 1079, consecrated 
1093, is supposed to stand upon the same spot as the 
edifice of Cerdic, and a still earlier temple built by the 

Descending from Cerdic came C>Tiric, Ceawlin, Cuth- 
win, Cutha, Ceolwald, Cenred, Ingild, Eoppa, Eafa, Ealh- 
mund. King of Wessex, and Egbert, 800-836. This 
Egbert, King of Wessex, married Eaedburgh; he spent 
many years during his youth at the court of Charle- 
magne, where were found the best opportunities for 
culture and training offered by the age in which he 
lived. After this period of preparation he returned 
to his own country, and developed into a wise and 
broad-minded sovereign. A son of Egbert and his 
wife, Raedburgh, 

Ethelwolf, married Osburga, daughter of Oslac, cup- 
bearer to Egbert, King of Wessex. He was of a 
pious and studious habit; made many journeys to 
Rome, and donated to the Eoman See large sums 
from his royal income. After the death of his first 
wife, Osburga, he married Judith, daughter of 
Charles le Bald. The rare books of this monarch 
were among the wonders of the age. His illumi- 
nated Gospels bound in ivory were marvels of beauty 
and some of the riches of his library are yet pre- 
served in the collections of Paris. 
Judith doubtless exercised a distinct and forma- 

50 0^ ^tt^txtb 3^ce 

tive influence upon the character of her young step- 
son, for she carried with her to the court of Ethel- 
wolf the impress of an environment unusual for its 
refinement and learning. 

Alfred the Great, a son of Ethelwolf and his wife, Os- 
burga, was bom at the palace of Wantage. 

At an early age Alfred accompanied his father, 
Ethelwolf, to Eome. Here he resided during a 
period of some length, and was doubtless instructed 
in the languages, in poesy and music. It is said that 
later he traveled much in his own country, and so 
probably it chanced that he met and married the 
fair Lady Ealhswyth, daughter of Ethelred Mucil, 
an Earl of Mercia, and descended through her mother 
from the early Mercian kings. It is said that the 
wooing and wedding were somewhere in the Lincoln- 
shire of today ; that the devoted pair tarried in Ealh- 
swyth 's home for a time, and that when duty sum- 
moned the future king of Wessex elsewhere, the 
young wife remained in her father's halls until Al- 
fred was ready to have her join him. This she did 
during his winter in lonely Athelnaye, ''Isle of Prin- 
cess,'' and in these darkest hours of his life she was 
doubtless his greatest solace. From this desolate 
habitation, surrounded by forest and morass, Alfred 
came forth when the winter had passed, with a scant 
following, and unfurled his banner, on which blazed 
the ''Golden Dragon," *'a hero as bold as Launcelot 
and as spotless as Galahad. ' ' 

The Golden Dragon had long been the standard of 

(if ^teptreb J^te si 

his people, some authorities claiming that it was 
brought to Britain by the Romans ; some that it was 
the standard of Arthur Pendragon, of the Table 
Bound, the Welsh king, whose followers were van- 
quished by the warriors of Wessex. 

This period of isolation upon the ''Isle of Prin- 
cess" had been as well a period of meditation and 
preparation, and Alfred now entered upon a time of 
intense physical and intellectual activity. His soul 
was fired by the high resolve which never, through 
all his after life, wavered, nor lost its dominant 
power — to serve his subjects to the utmost, to uplift, 
enlighten, ennoble and Christianize them. ''King by 
the grace of God ' ' was the thought ever in his mind, 
and armored in the grace of God did he go forth to 
do battle with the enemies of his people. 

Probably his greatest gift was a rare administra- 
tive ability, a capacity to bring order out of chaos, 
to make a wise adjustment and use of materials at 
hand. He occupied a lofty pinnacle of observation, 
from which he commanded the forces under him, 
and though the victim of a serious physical ailment, 
devoted himself unremittingly to the labors under- 

Through a many-sided character richly dowered 
with a variety of gifts, he reached out to all the in- 
terests and needs of his people. He was a wise mas- 
ter-builder of a nation, and withal a warrior, a law- 
giver, a Christian, and a man "who reverenced his 
conscience as his king." He was also a forceful 


52 (^f ^teptreb J^ate 

writer ; in truth, he was the father of English prose. 
Had he done nothing for posterity beyond his con- 
tributions to literature, he would even then deserve 
to be called ** great," for the literary movement, in a 
sense reformation, which he inaugurated, swept in 
ever-widening circles from his day to that of the 

He prefaced his code of laws with the words, 
**Thus saith the Lord, I am the Lord thy God.'^ It 
was followed by the divine injimction, ** Whatsoever 
ye would that men should do to you, do even so to 

He left many wise sayings, some of which are col- 
ored by the sadness so often found in the meditations 
of philosophers. **Desirest thou power," he said, 
* * but thou shalt never obtain it without sorrows from 
thine own kindred." Again, **He who will investi- 
gate fame wisely and earnestly will perceive how lit- 
tle it is, how precarious, how frail, how bereft it is 
of all that is good. ^ ^ 

Somewhat the same spirit is discovered in por- 
tions of his verse. The following is taken from the 
jubilee edition of his works : 

**Wordliness brought me here 

Foolishly blind. 
Riches have wrought me here 

Sadness of mind ; 
When I rely on them, 

Lo, they depart — 
Bitterly, fie on them! 

Rend they my heart. ' ' 

He was *' every inch a king,'' and gifted far above 
his fellows with graces of mind and body. Through- 
out all his years he wore **the white flower of a 
blameless life," and coming upon the hour in which 
was to be relinquished his earthly tabernacle, laid 
him down calmly, saying: **I have sought to live 
worthily the while I lived, and after my life to leave 
to the men that come after me a remembering of me 
in good works. ' ' 

American institutions were builded, at least in 
some degree, by men who shared the blood of Alfred 
the Great; they will be upheld and protected by men 
who revere and hold sacred this noble heritage. 

It is the record of such lives that **feed the high 
tradition of the world," the emulation of such vir- 
tues as he made manifest that will nourish and stim- 
ulate to highest development the manhood of the 
race. Through one thousand years has throbbed 
his deathless influence — the realms of letters, of edu- 
cation, of science, of religion have widened and deep- 
ened, and reached upward in response to the impulse 
imparted by his transcendent personality. 

If the race aspires to the possession of heroes in 
the future, it must honor its heroes of the past, and 
highest on the roll of heroes must be placed the name 
of the **hero king of Wessex, the hero founder of 

Probably the only well authenticated personal relic 
of Alfred the Great is the celebrated *' Alfred 
Jewel," which is preserved in the Ashmolean Mu- 

54 m SfCtftt^ fiBCt 

senm, at Oxford. It was found in 1683, at Newton 
Park, some distance north of Athelney Abbey, in 
Somersetshire, near the junction of the Parrot and 
the Thone. It is the figure of a man, holding a flenr- 
de-lys in each hand. The reverse is a detached plate 
of gold (lying immediately on the back of the minia- 
ture) on which is elegantly traced a flear-de-lys, 
branching into three stems. The edge is beveled 
toward the front, and contains the l^end : 
Aelfred Mec Heht Gewyrcan. 
(That is, Aelfred Me Ordered to Be Wrought) 
Edwabd the EIlder, son of Alfred the Great and his wife, 
Ealswyth, married Edgiva, and during the continu- 
ous and successful action against the Danes which 
characterized his reign, he proved himself a wise as 
well as war-like prince. He was notably assisted 
by the intelligence and prudence of his noble sister, 
the Lady Ethelfleda, widow of Ethelbert, Earl of 
Mercia. Edward **tlie Elder '^ was the first of his 
line to claim the title **Rex Anglorum/' His daugh- 
ter. Princess Edgiva, married Charles the Third, 
King of France. From them descended in the sixth 
generation Elizabeth or Isobel de Vermandois. 
Edmund the Fibst, son of Edward the Elder and his 
wife, Edgiva, married Elgiva. He reigned less than 
six years, but during this period, among other nota- 
ble deeds, he conquered Cumberland, and conferred 
it upon the King of Scotland. In exchange, the Scots 
were to protect England on the north from the 
Danes, and their king to do homage to Edmund. Eld- 

mund was assassinated in his own hall by Lfeofn, a 
notorious robber, whom he had banished. 

Edoab, son of Edmund the First and his wife, Elgiva, 
married Aelfthryth. His reign was undisturbed by 
domestic tumuit or foreign invasion, which was 
probably due to the fact that he kept a large arma- 
ment, both military and naval. This period is no- 
table for the supremacy acquired by the Benedictine 

Ethelred, ''the Unready/' son of Edgar and his wife, 
Aelfthryth, married in 1001 Emma, daughter of 
Richard (third Duke of Normandy and a grandson 
of Rollo the Ganger), and his second wife, Gunnor. 
After tlie death of Ethel red. Queen Emma married 
Canute, the Dane. 

Edmond, ''Ironsides/' son of Ethelred and his wife, 
Emma of Normandy, married Sigeferth, in 1016. 
He was conspicuous for hardihood and valor, but 
during so short a reign had scant time to prove his 
noble parts. He held the crown only from April to 
November, 1016, when he was murdered through the 
machinations of Edric, Duke of Mercia. 

Edward, called ''the Outlaw," son of Edmond ** Iron- 
sides" and his wife, Sigeferth, married Agatha, a 
(German princess. He had lived many years in Hun- 
gary when recalled by his unde, Edward ''the Con- 
fessor. * * Only a few days after returning to England 
with his three children, the Atheling Edgar, Mar- 
garet and Christina, he died (1057). In Edgar the 

56 (Bf ^teptreb Jtoe 

male Saxon line became extinct. Christina entered 
a convent. 

Mabgaret Atheung, daughter of Edward and his wife, 
Agatha, married Malcolm Canmore, King of Scot- 
land (1055-1093). He was a son of Dmican, King of 
Scots, who was murdered by Macbeth. His mother 
was the daughter of Siward, Earl of Northumber- 
land, spoken of by Shakespeare as ** Warlike Si- 
ward." Malcolm Canmore was descended from a 
long line of royal ancestors, said to extend back to 
Heremon, King of Ireland, 580 B. C, who it is 
claimed married the Princess Tea-Tephi, a direct de- 
scendant of King David of Israel. 

Margaret, called the ** Saint," with her husband, 
Malcolm, originated many noble enterprises in 
Scotland. They founded the famous Dunfermline 
Abbey, and there established Culdee monks, follow- 
ers of St. Columba. Later these were succeeded by 
the canons regular of St. Augustine. It is claimed 
that with the Princess Tea-Tephi were brought to 
Ireland many priceless relics showing the Hebrew 
identity and royal descent of her people, among them 
the Jodham Morani, or priest's breast-plate, the 
harp of King David, Sweet Singer of Israel, and 
the famous coronation stone of the Kings of Ireland, 
Scotland and England. This stone, tradition states, 
is the identical pillow upon which the head of Jacob 
rested at Bethel ; that it was carried to Egypt by his 
sons, and became sacred in the eyes of their descend- 
ants. It is called **The Stone of Fate," or fortune, 

and spoken of in old records ''as the ancientest re- 
spected monument in the world." It was carried 
from Ireland to Scotland before the reign of Ken- 
neth, A. D. 854. This Kenneth, ancestor of Malcolm 
Canmore, found it enclosed in a wooden chair at 
Dunstaffnage, a royal castle, and removed it to the 
Abbey of Scone. Here for four hundred and fifty 
years ' ' all kingis of Scotland was crownit upon it, or 
quhil ye time of Robert Bruse. In quhais tyme, be- 
sides mony other crueltis done by kyng Edward, 
Lang Schankis, the said chair of Merbyll wes taikin 
be Inglismen and brocht out of Scone to London, and 
put into Westmonister quhaer it remanis to our 
dayes." An ancient Irish prophecy declared, **The 
race of Scots of the true blood, if this prophecy be 
not false, unless they possess the Stone of Fate, shall 
fail to obtain regal power." King Kenneth had 
these words carven on the stone, and there they re- 
main to this day — 

''Or Fate is blind, 
Or Scots shall find, 
Where'er this stone 
A royal throne." 

Edward the First brought the magic stone to Eng- 
land, and built for it the chair, in which it may still 
be seen. Since the time of Edward, England's sov- 
ereigns have received their crowns seated here, a 
robe of cloth of gold being thrown over the wood 
which encases the stone. It was used at the corona- 

58 (Bf #te|rfreb Jtoe 

tion of Queen Victoria, and again in her jubilee fes- 
tivities. In the person of this royal sovereign both 
the Scottish and English lines were represented. 
Matilda of Scotland, daughter of Margaret Atheling and 
her husband, Malcolm Canmore, King of Scotland, 
married Henry the First of England, who died in 
1135. Henry the First was the son of William the 
Conqueror and his wife, Matilda, daughter of Bald- 
win, Count of Flanders, and his wife. Princess Ade- 
laide, daughter of Robert, King of France. She was 
also a descendant of the great Charlemagne, who was 
the son of Pepin, King of Franks. Charlemagne was 
not only one of the greatest rulers the world has 
known, but a Christian and an apostle of culture in 
the highest sense. His aims and aspirations were 
lofty, and the world has not yet ceased to pay hom- 
age to his greatness. 

William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, was 
sixth in descent from Rollo the Ganger and his wife, 
Giselle, whose marriage took place soon after the ap- 
pearance of Eollo in France. About the same time 
he received baptism, and so became a Christian ruler 
of a Christian people. 

This was a notable race which found its fullest 
expression and most complete type in the person of 
William the Conqueror. His ancestor, BoUo the 
Northman, with his followers set foot upon the shores 
of a foreign land, which soon received its name from 
him, and declared to the listening world, **We shall 
remain its masters and its lords!" And on the spot 

where he is supposed to have stood July, 885, stands 
to-day a noble statue erected in his honor. 
Matilda, daughter of Matilda of Scotland and her hus- 
bandy King Henry the First of England, married 
Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou (he died in 

To Matilda was left by will all the possessions of 
her father, Henry the First of England, but the 
throne was usurped by her cousin Stephen. Upon 
his death it reverted to Henry the Second, the son of 
Matilda and her husband, Geoffrey Plantagenet. 
Geoffrey was called the most accomplished knight of 
his time. The surname, *' Plantagenet, ' * which he, 
as well as so many English sovereigns bore, was de- 
rived from '*planta genista,^* the Spanish broom 
plant. A sprig of this plant was worn in the cap of 
an ancestor of the house of Anjou on his pilgrimage 
to the Holy Land. 

Kino Henbt the Second, son of Matilda and her hus- 
band, Geoffrey Plantagenet, married Eleanor, Count- 
ess of Poitou and Aquitaine (1133-1189). Eleanor, 
Countess of Poitou and Aquitaine, was the 
daughter of Count Guileme, and besides being the 
sovereign of her native dominions, she was, by 
hereditary right, chief reviewer and critic of the 
poets of Provence. At certain festivals held by her, 
called ** Courts of Love,** were recited all new 
' * chansons ' * by the troubadours. She with the ladies 
of her court, sat in judgment, and pronounced sen- 
tence regarding their literary merit. She was her- 

60 m ^ceptteh JRace 

self a popular lyric poet, and is counted among the 
authors of France. 
King John, called ''Lackland/' son of Henry the Sec- 
ond and his wife, Eleanor of Poitou and Aquitaine, 
married Countess Isabella of Angouleme, who was 
the daughter of Aymer de Taillifer, Count of Angou- 
leme, and his wife, the Lady Alice de Courtenaye. 
Through her mother, who was a daughter of Peter 
de Courtenay, son of Louis the Sixth of France, she 
shared the blood of the Capetian line, a line which 
beginning with Robert **the Strong," was named 
from Hugh Capet, and governed France for full nine 
hundred years. The marriage of this princess witli 
King John occurred in August, 1200, and was the 
precursor, for the royal pair, of a stormy life, both 
domestic and political. King John was cruel, selfish 
and indolent. Isabella was beautiful and correspond- 
iugly vain. The barons of the realm, driven to des- 
peration by the outrages perpetrated by the king, 
came together at Runnymede, June 19, 1215, and 
wrested from him Magna Cliarta, the declaration 
**by which has ever since been protected the personal 
liberty and the property of all free men." 

King Hknky the Third, son of John '* Lackland," and 
his wife, Isabella of Angouleme, married Princess 
Eleanor of Provence, daughter of Raymond, Count 
of Berenger, and his wife, the Lady Beatrice (daugh- 
ter of Thomas, Count of Savoy). Eleanor of Pro- 
vence was noted for her intellectual gifts, and was a 
writer of graceful verse. She was nlso celebrated for 

her beauty, but was extravagant and despotic, and 
by no means popular with her subjects. She survived 
her husband many years, and was very tenderly 
cared for by her son, Edward the First. Late in life 
she took the veil at the Monastery of Ambresbury. 
King Edward the First, son of Henry the Third and his 
wife, Eleanor of Provence, married Princess Eleanor 
of Castile (1239-1307). 

Princess Eleanor, sumamed **The Faithful,'* was 
the daughter of Ferdinand Third, sumamed the 
'* Saint," King of Castile and Leon. Ferdinand was 
a wise and generously endowed monarch, and his 
children, Eleanor and Alphonso Tenth, inherited to a 
marked degree his intellectual qualities. Eleanor 
accompanied her royal husband, Edward First, on 
his pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and when her ladies 
would have dissuaded her, she replied, ** Nothing 
should part those whom God hath joined. The way 
to heaven is as near, if not nearer, from Syria as 
from England or my native Spain.'* 

King Edward the Second, son of Edward the First and 
his wife, Eleanor of Castile, married Isabella of 
France (1284-1327). 

Isabella of France was daughter of Philip le Bel, 
King of France, and his wife, Jane, Queen of 
Navarre. She was second cousin to the notorious 
King Charles the Bad, of Navarre, and much resem- 
bled him in character, being vain, selfish, cruel and 
insincere. The latter years of her life were spent in 
well-deserved imprisonment, and she died at Castle 

62 #f §^ttfittb Jtoe 

Rising, 1358. Edward the Second was weak and 
vacillating. He died early, and left no mark for good 
upon his age. 
King Edward the Third, son of Edward the Second and 
his wife, Princess Isabella of France, married the 
Lady Philippa, of Hainanlt (1312-1377). 

Philippa of Hainanlt was danghter of William, 
Count of Hainanlt and Holland, and his wife, Joanna, 
granddaughter of Philip the Third of France. She 
is described bv Froissart as ''the most courteous, 
liberal and noble lady that ever reigned in her time.*' 
When dying she made several requests of her royal 
husband, who sat by hor side clasping her hand and 
weeping. At the last she said: **I beg that when 
it shall please God to call you hence, you will choose 
no other sepulchre than mine, and that you will lie 

by mv side in the Cloisters of Westminster Abbev.'* 

• • •• 

Edward the Third was a most royal personage, 
and left notable works behind him. He conferred 
lasting benefits upon his ])oo]>lo, was the father of 
English commerce, and the author of one of the most 
popular laws enacted by any prince of earlier or 
later days. This was the statute which defined the 
crime and limited the cases of high treason. Wind- 
sor Castle was built by his order. The sons of 
Edward the Third and his wife, Philippa of Hain- 
anlt, were Edward, the Black Prince; William, who 
died in infancy; Lionel, Duke of Clarence; John of 
Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster; Edmund, Duke of York, 
and Thomas, Duke of Gloucester. 

#f ^teirfreb Jtee 63 

Lionel, Duke of Clarence, son of Edward the Third and 
his wife, Philippa of Hainanlt, married the Lady 
Elizabeth de Burgh (he died 1368). 

Elizabeth de Burgh was daughter of William de 
Burgh, Earl of Ulster, and his wife, the Lady Maud 
Plantagenet, granddaughter of Sir Patrick Cha- 
worth. She was descended from Charlemagne, Henry 
the Third and Cavbill Croodverg, the ' * redhand King 
of Connaught.*' It would seem to be the latter to 
whom reference is made in the legend which relates 
that three vikings of early days went in their indi- 
vidual ships toward the island now known as Ireland. 
When approaching the shore, they agreed that he 
who first touched the land should own it ; seeing him- 
self outstripped in the race, one of the warlike con- 
testants struck off his left hand and hurled it, red 
and bleeding, far ashore. Thus he first touched the 
land, and to him it belonged. Warlike clans descend- 
ing from him used the ''red hand*' on their shields 
and standards. On the crest of the Lewis family, 
as shown in this volume, is a ''red hand,'* or gaunt- 
let, and since they are lineally descended from this 
King of Connaught, this legend possibly explains the 

Lionel, Duke of Clarence, was third son of Edward 
the Third, and is said, of all the children of this mon- 
arch, most to have resembled him and the noble 
"Black Prince,'* who died in 1376. The second son, 
William, also died, and thus the descendants of 
Lionel, Dnke of Clarence, should have succeeded; 

64 (M ^te^rfreb J^te 

but John of Gaunt, ** Time-honored Lfancaster," 
secured the succession for his son, Henry the Fourth, 
thus defrauding Mortimer, the descendant of Lionel, 
Duke of Clarence. Generations later Elizabeth of 
York, descendant of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, mar- 
ried Henry the Seventh, descendant of John of 
Gaunt. So in Henry the Eighth the line of Edward 
the Third was doubly represented. Through this 
marriage Queen Victoria was descended from Lionel, 
Duke of Clarence, as well as from John of Gaunt. 

Lady Philippa Plantaoenet, daughter of Lionel, Duke of 
Clarence, and his wife, Elizabeth de Burgh, mar- 
ried Edmund Mortimer, a son of Roger de Mortimer, 
Earl of March, who died in 1360, and his wife, Lady 
Joan (daughter of Sir Peter Greenville, Lord of 
Trim Castle). He was descended from Llewelyn ap 
Lowerth, a great prince of North Wales, who married 
Lady Joan of England. Their daughter, the Prin- 
cess Gladuse, married Ralph Mortimer, fifth Baron 
of Wigmore. Roger Mortimer, son of Lady Philippa 
and her husband, Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, 
was heir apparent, and named by liis cousin Richard 
as his successor, but the throne was usurped by Hen- 
ry the Fourth. The great grandson of Roger Morti- 
mer became King of England, as Edward the Fourth. 

Jjady Elizabeth Mobtimeb, daughter of Lady Philippa 
Plantagenet and her husband, EMmund Mortimer, 
Earl of March, and sister of Roger Mortimer, great- 
grandfather of Edward the Fourth, married Sir 

m #teptrei |Ute . 65 

Henry Percy, called *' Hotspur," who was killed in 
the battle of Shrewsbury (1366-1403). 

Sir Henry Percy, bom May 20, 1366, was knighted 
when only twelve years of age. He was the son of 
Henry Percy, fourth Lord Alnwick, first Earl of 
Northumberland (bom 1334; killed in battle of Bran- 
hnni Moor, 1408) and his first wife, Lady Margaret 
Neville, daughter of Lord Neville, of Raby Castle, 
and sister of the first Flarl of Westmoreland. The 
Percies held large estates in Normandy prior to the 
entrance of Rollo the Dane. It is said that the head 
of the house was baptized with Rollo at Rouen by 
the Bishop of Rheims, 912. They came to England 
the year after the conquest, and William Algernoume 
de Percy, the first of the name in England, is said 
to have founded Whitby Abbey. They were a war- 
like race, and ever in the forefront of the contests of 
their time. While hot of temper, they were loyal and 
brave of heart, and left a record of which their pos- 
terity may well be proud. When Henry the Fourth 
sent an unjust demand to '* Hotspur" for certain 
prisoners, Shakespeare thus voices his character- 
istic reply : 

**An' if the devil come and roar for them, 
I will not send them ; I will after straight 
And tell him so ; for I will ease my heart. 
Albeit I make a hazard of my head.'' 

* * Hotspur ' ' was slain in the battle of Shrewsbury, 
and as evidence of the victory achieved by the undo- 
ing of so powerful a foe, Henry the Fourth ordered 

66 m ^teptreb JRate 

that he be decapitated on the field, and that his body 
be bound upright between two millstones, ''so as all 
men might see that he was dead." His head was 
placed on the wall of Shrewsbury, and his quarters 
distributed among different northern cities, but sub- 
sequently the mutilated remains of the brave war- 
rior were collected and delivered to his widow. 

Henry Percy, Second Earl of Northumberland, son of 
Sir Henry Percy, '^ Hotspur," and his wife, Lady 
Elizabeth Mortimer, married Lady Eleanor Neville 
(1394-1455). Lady Eleanor Neville was daughter of 
Ralph Neville, first Lord of Westmoreland, and his 
wife, Joan de Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt 
and his wife, Catliorine Swynford (the latter was 
widow of Sir Otis Swynford, and daughter of Sir 
Roger Roet of Hainault). Eleanor and her husband 
had twelve children. He was killed in the battle of 
St. Albans, 1455. 

Henry Percy, Third Earl of Northumberland, son of 
Henry Percy, second Earl of Northumberland, and 
his wife. Lady Eleanor Neville, married Lady Elean- 
or Poynings, a daughter of Sir Richard Poynings, 
who fell at the siege of Orleans, 1429. She was the 
sole heiress of her grandfather, Lord Robert Poy- 

Lady Margaret Percy, daughter of Henry Percy, third 
Earl of Northumberland, and his wife. Lady Eleanor 
Poynings, married Sir William Gascoigne. Sir Will- 
iam Gascoigne was son of Sir William Gascoigne and 
his wife, Lady Joan de Neville, daughter of John de 

©f ^teptreb JIate 67 

Neville and his wife, Mary de Ferras, and grand- 
daughter of Earl Bobert de Ferras. She was also a 
descendant of John of Gaunt 

Lady Elizabeth Gascoione^ daughter of Lady Mai^ret 
Percy and her husband, Sir William Gascoigne, mar- 
ried Sir George Talbois, of Kyme, in Lincolnshire. 
He is said to have descended from Ivo de Tallebois, 
a Norman follower of William the Conqueror, from 
whom he received large grants of land. He was also 
descended from Gilbert de Umfraville, Malcolm, 
Earl of Angus, the Earl of Buchan and Gilbert Bar- 
raden. He was the son of Robert Talbois and grand- 
son of Sir William Talbois, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Lord Bonville, 1458. 

Sir George Talbois was also the father of Baron 
Gilbert Talbois, who died during the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth without issue, when the barony became ex- 
tinct. His sister, Lady Anne Dymoke, was one of 
his heirs. 

Lady Anne Talbois, daughter of Elizabeth Gascoigne and 
her husband, Sir George Talbois, married Sir Ed- 
ward Dymoke, Hereditary Champion of England. 
(He died in 1566.) The arms borne by her house 
were quartered with those of Barraden, Fitzwith and 

Sir Edward Dymoke was son and heir of Robert 
Dymoke of Scrivelsby Court, Lincolnshire, and his 
wife. Lady Anne Sparrow. He was a direct de- 
scendant of King Edward the First and his second 
wife, Princess Margaret, daughter of Philip le Hardi 

68 m ^teptrei |Ute 

of France, through their son, Thomas Plantagenet 
of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, who wedded Lady 
Alice Halys; also through the Princess Joan de 
Acres, who wedded Gilbert, called the ''Red Earl" 
of Clare. He was also related to the noble lines of 
de Mowbray, de Audley, Segrave and StaflFord. His 
wife, Lady Anne Talbois, was descended from two 
sons of Edward the Third — Lionel, Duke of Clar- 
ence, and John, Duke of liancaster. 

Sir Edward Dymoko numbered among his ances- 
tors Robert Marmyum, TiOrd of Castle Fontenaye in 
Normandy, and of Tamworth and Scrivelsby Court 
in England. Lord Robert Marmyum was descended 
from Rollo the Dane, and was Hereditary Champion 
to his kinsman, William, Duke of Normandy, by 
whose side he fought upon the field of Hastings. 

When the battle was over William, now *'The Con- 
queror,*' gathered his retainers about him upon the 
eminence, which had been marked by the most des- 
perate fighting, and doubtless Robert de Marmyum, 
his Champion, held the nearest place to the royal 
person. It was on this night, with the dead and 
dying piled in great heaps about the Standard, that 
William declared his intention of building upon the 
bloody field a great Battle Abbey. Lord Marmyum 
appeared as Champion of England at the double 
coronation of William and Matilda, April, 1068, at 
Winchester. The challenge upon this occasion was 
delivered in the following words: **If any person 
declare that our most gracious sovereigns, Lord 

William and his spouse Matilda, are not King and 
Queen of England, be is a false hearted traitor and 
a liar, and here I, as Champion, do challenge him to 
single combat. ' ' 

Thus it appears that the august office of Royal or 
Hereditary Champion to the King was in England a 
continuation of the office as already existing in the 
Dukedom of Normandy. 

When King William rewarded his Norman follow- 
ers, a number of estates were given to this Robert 
de Marmyum. Among them was Tamworth, a parlia- 
mentary and municipal borough, partly in Stafford, 
partly in Warwickshire. Of this estate Sir William 
Dugdale wrote: 

'*This Castle, being in the hands of King Will- 
iam, after his Conquest, was by him given unto Rob- 
ert Marmyum, as is verified by an ancient window of 
this church, where the same King, being depicted in 
his Robes of State and Crowned, stretcheth forth his 
liand to him, holding a Charter therein, near the Gate 
of a Faire Castle, an exact representation whereof 
I have in Page 822 exhibited." 

Scrivelsby Court, a baronial fief, was conferred 
upon Robert Marmyum according to the then exist- 
ing legal forms, with a special condition annexed to 
the tenure, that it should be held by the particular 
service of himself, and the heirs of the fee, perform- 
ing the office of Champion to every sovereign of 
England. The Dymokes inherited Scrivelsby Court 
or Manor from this Sir Robert Marmyum, and it has 

70 m Sfttftteb J^ate 

been owned by them through all the succeeding cen- 
turies. It is situated in the most picturesque portion 
of Mid-Iiincohishire, and is one of the most unique 
establishments in England. 

The buildings are fronted by a park, the entrance 
to which is marked by a high arch of gpray stone, 
overgrown with ivy. Standing upon the arch, in 
bold relief, is the figure of a lion, life-size. The lion 
is one of the crests of the Dy mokes, and their ''arms" 
show two 'Mions passant" upon a black field, with 
the motto, **Pro Bege Dimico." The lion was used 
from early times as the royal symbol of England, 
Normandy and Scotland, and doubtless became the 
property of the Dymokes as Champions of the Crown. 

Scrivelsby Chapel is a small, quaint building, some 
portions of which are at least five hundred years old. 
Some one describing it a number of years ago, said 
''Among the tombs is that of Sir Robert Dymoke, 
Champion of Richard Third, Henry Seventh and 
Eighth. On the top of the tomb is a plate of brass 
on which his figure is sculptured in full armour in 
recumbent posture, with his helmet under his head, 
and a lion at his feet. Above the figure is a shield 
containing the family arms, and beneath, the follow- 
ing inscription, 'Here liethe the Body of Sir Robert 
Dymoke of Scrivelsby, Knight and Baronet, who de- 
parted out of this present lyfe the XX day of Apryle 
in ye yere of our Lord God MDLXV upon whose 
sowle Almighte god have m ci. Amen.' " 

By prescriptive right the perquisites of the Cham- 
pion were '^one of the King's best coursers, the sec- 
ond best in the royal stables, with saddle, harness 
and trappings of cloth of gold ; one of the King's best 
suits of armour, with cases of cloth of gold ; and all 
other things belonging to the King's body when he 
goes into mortal combat." The golden cup and its 
cover, from which the King and the Champion drank 
each other's health, many yards of crimson satin, 
and other smaller articles were also his. The **arms" 
provided for Sir Charles Dymoke, royal Champion 
at the coronation of James the Second, 1685, are 
carefully enumerated by historians. They were '*a 
complete suit of white armour, a pair of gauntlets, a 
sword and a hanger, a case of rich pistols, an oval 
shield with the Champion's arms painted on it, and 
a gilded lance fringed about the handles, also a field 
saddle of crimson velvet with breast-plate and other 
caparisons for the horse, richly laden with gold and 
silver, a plume of red, white and blue feathers con- 
sisting of eighteen falls and a heron's top. Another 
plume for the horse's head and trumpet banners, 
with the Champion's own arms depicted on them." 

The last official appearance of the Champion was 
at the coronation of G^rge the Fourth ; for the grand 
banquet, with this picturesque feature, was dispensed 
with at the coronation of King TVilliam, also at that 
of Queen Victoria, and of Edward the Seventh, 
though several later Dymokes have borne the title of 
'^The Honorable the Queen's Champion." Francis 

72 O^f #t0|rfreb 3to:e 

Seaman Dymoke, the present owner of Scrivelsby, 
the ancestral estate, is nineteenth in the line of Eng- 
lish Champions. His youthful son, Frank Dymoke, 
was born in the same year as Prince EJdward of 
York, grandson of the present King, Edward the 

Dating, as this office does, from a period prior to 
the Conquest, and descending through all succeeding 
centuries, hereditary in one family, it appeals to the 
present age as tlie latest, most perfect and most pic- 
turesque survival of the days of romance and chival- 
ry. The influence of chivalry was to deeds of heroism 
and high emprise; it marked the transition period 
from the feudalism of violence to the feudalism of 
culture. It made the Crusades possible, and brought 
into existence a literature which claims the chron- 
icles of Froissart and the songs and stories of 
medieval bards. It (*rcated legends through which 
the universal heart of the world found expression, 
and in which self-sacrifice as a potent factor in life 
stood arrayed against sordid and selfish considera- 

There can be no reasonable doubt that Scrivelsby, 
with its unitjuo traditions, exerted a powerful influ- 
ence over the imagination of Lord Tennyson. There 
was here for the super-sensitive consciousness of the 
poet an intangible, pervasive, intoxicating, psychic 
influence through which the scenes of the past were 
invoked, and through which the j)rinciples which 
had given it existence were conjured up as a force 

(if ^tqrftreb JRate 73 

in his own life. Somersby, the childhood home of the 
Laureate, was only seven miles from Scrivelsby 
Manor. It is said that the stately park of the latter, 
its wide-stretching wolds and meadows, were fre- 
quently the chosen scenes of his rambles, and in the 
Manor House were the rare old relics of armour and 
of knightly service upon which he so delighted to 
dwell. Here lived the descendants of King Alfred 
and the doughty Norman warriors, and many times 
must he have passed through the great Lion Gate- 
way, which guarded the entrance to the park, and 
gazed upon the royal beast which stood erect upon 
its arch of solid masonry. The Dymokes of Scrivels- 
by were descended from Robert de Vere, Earl of 
Oxford, and in Lady Clara Vere de Vere, the poet 

**Nor would I break for your sweet sake, 

A heart that dotes on truer charms, 
A simple maiden in her flower 

Is worth a hundred coats-of-anns. 

• •••••• 

*' You sought to prove how I could love. 
And my disdain is your reply. 
The lion on your old stone gates 

Is not more cold to you than I. 

• •••••• 

** However it be, it seems to me, 
*Tis only noble to be good. 
Kind hearts are more than coronets. 
And simple faith than Norman blood." 

74 (M #tepireb JRate 

The reference here to the many coats-of-arms 
shown at Scrivelsby, the lion on *Hhe old stone 
gates/' the long descent and Norman blood, is sure- 
ly most significant. 

In the chapel of Scrivelsby there is a memorial 
figure, a knight cross-legged; in '^Locksley Hall, Six- 
ty Years After/' are the lines: 

'* Yonder in that chapel, slowly sinking now into the 
Lies the warrior, my forefather, with his feet upon 
the hound. 

** Crossed, for once he sailed the sea to crush the 
Moslem in his pride ; 
Dead the warrior, dead his glory, dead the cause in 

which he died. 

• •••••• 

**Here is Locksley Hall, my grandson, here the Lion- 
guarded gate. 

• •••••• 

** There is one old Hostel left us where they swing 
the Locksley shield, 
Till the peasant cow shall butt the 'Lion passant' 
from his field." 

The Dymoke shield bears ''two lions passant." 
In the park at Scrivelsby is a leaden life-size figure 
of a cow, which has been there many years ; doubtless 
it suggested the lines above. 

In connection with the interesting literature bear- 
ing upon this subject should be mentioned autograph 

(M #te|rfreb JRate 75 

letters from sovereigns of England to the various 
Champions. Among these is one from Henry the 
Eighth to Sir Robert Dymoke, dated 1513, and one 
from Queen Mary to Sir Edward. 

There are also many curious old ballads, such as 
the one following: 

**The Norman Barons Marmyon 

At Norman Court held high degree ; 
Brave Knights and Champions, every one. 
To him who wone brave Scrivelsby. 

**The Lincoln lands the Conqueror gave. 
That England's glove they should convey, 
To knight renowned among the brave. 
The Baron bold of Fontenaye. 

* ' The royal grant from sire to son. 

Devolved direct in capite. 
Until deceased Phil. Marmyon, 
When rose fair Joan of Scrivelsby. 

** And ever since when England's kings 
Are diademed — ^no matter where — 
The Champion Dymoke boldly flings 

His glove, should treason venture there. 

• • • • • • • 

**Then bravely cry with Dymoke bold, 

Long may the king triumphant reign, 
And when fair hands the sceptre hold. 
More bravely still — ^long live the Queen." 

76 O^f ^ttipixth ]^t 

To Sir Edward Dymoke and his wife, the Lady 
Anne Talbois, were born eleven children: Bobert, 
Charles, Edward ; Elizabeth, married to Henry Ays- 
cough; Margaret, to Lord Eure; Frances, to Sir 
Thomas Windebank ; Susan, to Sir Thomas Lambert ; 
Dorothy, Sarah, Bridget and Arthur. 

The last four names are not found in all the rec- 
ords, but Arthur is supposed to have been the father 
of Edward, who, it is thought, emigrated to America, 
and was the father of Thomas Dymoke, who died at 
Barnstable, Massachusetts, in 1658. This Thomas 
Dymoke married Ann Hammond. They had several 
children, whose descendants are now living in differ- 
ent parts of America. 

Among the descendants of Thomas Dymoke and 
his wife, Ann Hammond (of Barnstaple, Massachu- 
setts), is Joseph Judson Dymoke, of New Jersey. 
Frances Dymoke, daughter of Sir Edward Dymoke and 
his wife, Lady Anne Talbois, married Sir Thomas 
Windebank, August 20, 1566. Sir Thomas Wmde- 
bank, who died 1607, was a son of Sir Richard Winde- 
bank of Haines Hall, Berkshire, and his wife, Mar- 
garet (daughter of Griffith ap Henry). He was clerk 
of the signet to Queen Elizabeth and her successor. 
King James. 


dtthit, |Kin0 of tl|e West Faxons. 

^Ifreb fl|e (Srcat. 

(Colonel (Seor^e JReabe. 

The direct descent from Alfred the Great was brought 
in the last chapter to Frances Dymoke (daughter of Sir 
Edward Dymoke and his wife, Lady Anne Talbois), who 
married Sir Thomas Windebank. Their daughter, 
Mildred Windebank, in 1600, when sixteen years of age, 
(at St. Martins-in-the-Field), married Robert Eeade, 
a son of Andrew Reade and his wife. Miss Cooke of 
Kent County, and a grandson of Sir Richard Reade. 
It is claimed that a remote ancestor of the Reade 
family was Rheda, a convert to Christianity in 
the early centuries. King of Dal Reada, part of 
Scotland, and descended from the ancient rulers 
of Ireland. The name has known many forms and 
appears in many distinguished lines of descent, as 
well as many notable places, such as ** Reading,'' 
which signifies the descendants of Reade. This an- 
cient town of Berkshire, England, in 871, was the 
headquarters of the Danes. 

From Scotland, the descendants of Rheda are said 
to have gone to Northumberland, there establishing 
the Barony of Redesdale (the dale of Prince Rheda), 
and here, in the fifteenth century, lived Robert of 
Redesdale, who, according to tradition, was mur- 
dered by his brother, and who also, according to tra- 
dition, was the original of the remarkable carving. 

78 d^f gfttiptxtb JRate 

called **The Giant,'* which appears, cut in the stone 
of an eminence npon the banks of the Biver Beed, in 

The early ancestors of the Beades claimed descent 
also from Alexander, King of Scotland, from Mal- 
colm Canmore, Prince Llewellyn of Wales, Edward 
the First of England, and also from many of the 
noble and famous families, among them de Mowbray, 
de Chaworth, de Welles and de Talbot. 

The conspicuous branches of the family, all be- 
lieved to have come from the same ancient stock, 
are the Borstall, Brockett Hall, Shipton Court, Ips- 
den House, Blackwood and Faccombe. The Fac- 
combe branch, of Faccombe Manor (to which was 
attached the living of Faccombe Bectory), also 
owned lands in the County of Cork, Ireland, and 
the Manor of Linkenholt, Hampshire, England. 

At the time of the Doomesday survey, the Manor 
of Linkenholt belonged to Emalf de Herding. Later, 
it came into the possession of Thomas Wriothesly 
(afterward Lord Wriothesly), and in 1546 he con- 
veyed it to Sir Bichard Beade. From him it passed 
eventually to his son, Andrew Beade (of Faccombe), 
who, upon the marriage of his son, Bobert Beade, 
to Mildred Windebank, conveyed it to this Bobert 
Beade with a moiety of said manor to Mildred 
Windebank Beade for her life. 

Andrew Beade and his wife had four daughters 
and five sons, the latter being Henry, Bobert, George, 
John and Andrew. 

(©f ^tt^txth 3^te 79 

The will of Andrew Reade, father of these chil- 
dren, is dated October 7, 1619. It was probated 
October 24, 1623. The eldest son, Henry Beade, 
bom 1566, married in 1593 at St. Martins-in-the- 
Field, Anna, daughter of Sir Thomas Windebank, 
and sister of Mildred Windebank, who married 
Robert Reade, brother of the above Henry 
Reade. Henry Reade and his wife, Anna Winde- 
bank Reade, had two sons and three daughters. 
One of these sons, William Reade, had a son, 
Laurence Reade, who married in England, and 
came to America late in the seventeenth century. 
He made his home in New York City, and here his 
children reached maturity and became identfied with 
the affairs of the new world. A son, Joseph Reade, 
became King's Counsel and a vestryman of old Trin- 
ity Church. Among the descendants of Joseph Reade 
was Sarah Reade, who married Dr. Thomas Braine 
(and left a daughter, Elizabeth A. Braine of Brook- 
lyn), and Mary Reade, who married Reverend Will- 
iam Vesey, rector of Trinity Church, New York City. 
Robert Reade, baptized 1551, will dated December 10, 
1619, second son of Andrew Reade and his wife, mar- 
ried, as already stated, Mildred Windebank, also a 
daughter of Sir Thomas Windebank, of Haines Hill, 
Parish of Hurst, Berkshire, and his wife, Frances, 
daughter of Sir Edward Dymoke, of Scrivelsby 
Manor House, Lincolnshire, hereditary champion of 
England, who has already been presented in these 
pages). Sir Thomas Windebank was clerk of the 

80 (^i #teptreb 3^e 

signet to Queen Elizabeth and King James. He died 
October 1607, leaving a son, Sir Francis Windebank 
baptized at St. Martins-in-the-Field, London, An 
gust 21st, 1582. He was secretary of state to 
Charles the First, and had as his own secretary his 
nephew, Robert Eeade, son of Robert Reade, senior, 
who had, besides this Robert Reade, Andrew Reade, 
[).!)., of Lurgershall, Wiltshire ; William Reade, Rev- 
erend Thomas Reade, bom 1606, died 1669 (fellow of 
Oxford, 1626; LL.D., 1638; principal of Magdalen 
Hall, Oxford, 1643), and George Reade. 

Gkorgp: Reade, son of Robert Reade and his wife, Mildred 
Windebank, came to Virginia in 1637. His mother's 
will is dated August 15th, 1630, so both father and 
mother were dead when he came to Virginia, and 
from certain letters to his brother, Robert Reade, 
written from Virginia about that time, it would seem 
that the latter was in charge of the family estate. 
In 1637-8, he was living at the Governor's home in 
Virginia, and wrote to England for two servants. In 
August, 1640, a letter from the king to the governor 
of Virginia and his council, commands them to admit 
George Reade to the place of secretary, in the ab- 
sence of Mr. Kemp, then in England. From these 
facts it is evident that George Reade was a young 
gentleman of distinction, and it is not surprising that 
he advanced rapidly to positions of honor and re- 
sponsibility. He was secretary of the Colony, 1637 ; 
acting governor, 1638; burgess from James City 
County, 1649, and from York, 1656; was elected 

member of His Majesty's Council, March 13, 1657- 
1658, and again in April, 1658-1671. He held this 
office until his death, and was also colonel of militia. 
Will probated November 20, 1671. 

He married Elizabeth Martian, daughter of Cap- 
tain Nicholas Martian, of York County, whose home 
was upon the present site of Yorktown. Nicholas 
Martian is said to have been a Frenchman, born 1591, 
who went to England, was naturalized there, and 
came to America some time prior to 1620. He was 
justice of York County, 1633-1657 ; burgess for York, 
1623 ; for Kiskyache and the Isle of Kent, 1631 ; and 
for Kiskyache, 1632-1633. His will, dated March 1, 
1656, recorded in York County, April 24, 1657, divides 
his estate between his daughters, Elizabeth, wife of 
Colonel George Reade; Mary, wife of Lieutenant- 
Colonel John Scasbrook ; and Sarah, wife of Captain 
William Puller, who was at one time governor of 

The will of Elizabeth Reade, widow of Colonel 
George Reade, was proved January 24, 1686-1687. 

To Colonel George Reade and his wife, Elizabeth 
Martian, were bom twelve children, among them : 

Mildred, Robert, Francis, Benjamin, Thomas, and 

1. Mildred Reade, who died about 1694 (her will is 
dated January 4, 1694) ; married Colonel Augustine 
Warner, second. 

Colonel Augustine Warner (father of Colonel 
Augustine Warner, second), the first of the name in 

82 m ^tqrfreb JRate 

America, came to Virginia prior to 1630. He was 
bom November 28, 1610; died December 24, 1674. 
He was justice and burgess for York County, 1652 ; 
burgess from Gloucester, 1656 ; member of the Coun- 
cil and colonel, 1659-1674. 

He married Mary, surname unknown, bom May 
15, 1614; died August 11, 1662. (These dates are 
taken from her tomb in the family cemetery.) They 
established *' Warner Hall,'' in Gloucester County, 
Virginia, which is said to be the oldest colonial house 
now in existence, having been built about 1635. 

To Colonel Augustine Warner and his wife, Mary, 
were bom two children : 

Sarah Warner, who married Colonel Laurence 
Townley (they were ancestors of General Robert 
E. Lee) and 

Augustine Warner, born October 20, 1643; died 
June 10, 1681. He was educated at the Mer- 
chant Tailors' School, London, England, where he 
matriculated as ** Eldest son of Augustine Warner, 
Gent.,'* when only eleven years old. Was burgess, 

1674, and Speaker of the House of Burgesses, March, 

1675. He was member of the Council, 1676-1677. 
His patent is in the Virginia Library. He was also 
lieutenant colonel of Gloucester county militia, 1680. 

To him and his wife, Mildred Beade, were bom 
several children, among them: 

I. Mildred Warner, who married in 1690, Lau- 
rence Washington, bom 1661, died 1697 (son of John 
Washington, immigrant, and his wife, Anne Pope). 

^f #te|xtreb ^tt 83 

To them were bom, 1692, John Washington, who 
married Catherine Whiting, and Angustine Wash- 
ington, who married, first, 1715, Jane Butler; 
second, Mary Ball (March 6, 1731), bom 1708. 
To Augustine Washington and his second wife, 
Mary Ball, were bom several children, among them 
George Washington, President of the United States. 
The third child of Mildred Warner and her husband, 
Laurence Washington, was Mildred, bom about 
1696, who married Roger Gregory. To them were 
bom three daughters: Frances, who married, 1736, 
Colonel Francis Thornton. Mildred, married, 1740, 
Colonel John Thornton. Elizabeth, married Eeuben 
Thornton. These three Thorntons were brothers, 
sons of Colonel Francis Thornton, of Caroline Coun- 
ty, and his wife, Mary Taliaferro. They were also 
brothers of Mildred Thornton, who married Dr. 
Thomas Walker. 

II. Mary Warner, who married February 17, 1680 
(Colonel) John Smith, of ''Purton,'' Gloucester 
County, Virginia. He held a civil office 1680, as Mr. 
John Smith. Their son, Augustine Smith, married 
Sarah Carver. Their daughter, Sarah Smith, mar- 
ried Robert Throckmorton, and had a son, Warner 
Throckmorton, who was the father of Mary Throck- 
morton ; she married Dr. William Taliaferro. They 
were grandparents of William B. Taliaferro, of 
Gloucester County. 

III. Elizabeth Warner, who married Councillor 
John Lewis. 

84 (^i #teptwb J^ate 

2. Robert Reade, son of Colonel (Jeorge Reade 
and his wife, Elizabeth Martian, married Mary Lilly, 
daughter of John Lilly, and granddaughter of John 
Lilly and his wife, Dorothy Wade; the latter was a 
daughter of Armiger Wade and his wife, the heiress 
of Edward Malson, or Moulson, of York County; 
Margaret Reade, daughter of Robert Reade and his 
wife, Mary Lilly, married Thomas Nelson. They 
were grandparents of General Thomas Nelson, and 
ancestors of Thomas Nelson Page, the distinguished 

Samuel Reado, son of Robert Reade and his wife, 
Mary Lilly, had a daughter, Frances, who married 
Anthony Robinson, High Sheriff of York County. 

3. Francis Reade, son of Colonel George Reade 
and his wife, Elizabeth Martian, married first, Jane 
Chisman, and had Mary Reade (who married Ed- 
ward Davis of King and Queen County, and Eliza- 
beth Reade, who married Paul Watlington). Francis 

Reade married second, Anne , and had George, 

Anne and Benjamin Reade. 

4. Benjamin Reade, son of Colonel George Reade 
and his wife, Elizabeth Martian, married Lucy; their 
son, Gwynne Reade, married Dorothy (subsequent 
pages give their descendants). 

5. Thomas Reade, son of Colonel George Reade 
and his wife, Elizabeth Martian, who married Lucy 
Gwynne. She was a granddaughter of Colonel Wil- 
liam Bernard, a lineal descendant of Lady Margaret 
le Scrope, who traced back through several genera- 

tions to Princess Joan de Acres and her husband, 
Gilbert de Clare. The Gwynne family possesses a 
most picturesque history, being descended from the 
old royal house of Wales. Among the children of 
Thomas Beade and his wife Lucy Gwynne, were Rev- 
erend John Beade, whose daughter Sarah married 
John Bootes. Lucy, who married John Dixon, of 
Bristol ; Mildred, who married Major Philip Bootes ; 
Mary, who married Mordecai Throckmorton, and an- 
other son, believed to be Colonel Clement Bead of 

This Colonel Clement Bead, or Beade, was bom 
January 1, 1707. He was educated at William and 
Mary College; later was qualified as attorney in 
Goochland, Albemarle and Brunswick Counties ; was 
a vestryman in the churches of Brunswick and Lu- 
nenburg, trustee of William and Mary College, 1729; 
first clerk of Lunenburg, 1746; was president of the 
Council, and upon the departure of Governor (Jooch 
for England, 1749, acted as governor of the colony. 

In 1730, he married Mary Hill, only daughter of 
William Hill, believed to have been an officer in the 
British navy, and descendant of the Marquis of 
Downshire, and his wife, Priscilla, daughter of Ed- 
mund Jenings, Governor of Virginia. 

Among the children of Colonel Clement Bead and 
his wife, Mary Hill, was Colonel Clement Bead sec- 
ond, bom 1736, married 1757 to Mary, daughter of 
Judge John Nash of Templeton Manor. A son of 
this marriage, Captain John Nash Bead (died 1826, 
in Butherford County, Tennessee), married Eliza- 
beth Julia Spencer. Their son. Major Sion Spencer 

86 (if Sfttifivth ^tt 

Bead, married Hardenia Jefferson. A son of this 
marriage. Dr. John Thomas Bead, married Lanrena 
Caroline Bankin. They had, among other children, 
Samnel Boberson Bead, of Chattanooga, Tennessee, 
who married Lizzie Hamilton, daughter of Dr. P. D. 
Sims, also of Chattanooga. Their children are : Mary 
Hill Bead, Elizabeth Nash Bead, Martin Sims Bead. 

6. Elizabeth Beade, daughter of Colonel George 
Beade and his wife, Elizabeth Martian, married 
Captain Thomas Chisman, of York County, Virginia. 
Their son, John Chisman, married Eleanor Howard ; 
a daughter of this marriage, Diana, married James 

The Beade arms, as shown in these pages, are to 
be seen on family tombs in Virginia, and on silver 
still preserved by the descendants of Colonel George 
Beade. They are the same as those described by 
Burke as belonging to the Beades of Gloucester 
County, England 

Charles Beade, the famous English novelist, stated 
that the final ''e" was first added to the name by a 
clerical error, and in many branches, believed to be- 
long to the same family, it is missing. 

Among these branches in America may be the dis- 
tinguished Beads of Delaware and Maryland, to 
whom belonged George Bead, signer of the Declara- 
tion of Independence. 

Sir Thomas Beade, in whose charge Napoleon was 
placed upon the island of St. Helena, belonged to the 
Blackford Beades, as does also William J. Beade, a 
well-known resident of Hoboken, New Jersey. 

(Elyapter ^tJ^litlf 

^Ifvth tl|c (6rcat. 

Colonel (Scor^e^jRcabc. 

Colonel ^Robert ^elub, ''of JIUhtotr/' 

The direct royal line as presented has touched many 
families, and will reach many more through subsequent 
pages of this volume, but has now been brought down to 
Colonel George Reade, from whom it is perhaps safe to 
say a larger number of prominent Americans are de- 
scended than from any other English- American ancestor. 
As already stated, he came to Virginia in 1637, and mar- 
ried Mildred Martian. Their eldest child, 
Mildred Beade, married Colonel Augustine Warner; a 

daughter of this union, 
Elizabeth Warner, bom November 24, 1672, died 1719 
or 1720, married Councillor John Lewis, bom No- 
vember 30th, 1669, died November 14th, 1725. 

Councillor John Lewis was the son of Major John 
Lewis, and his wife, Isabella Lewis. Major John 
Lewis owned estates in New Kent and Gloucester 
Counties, and in 1680 was captain of Horse in the 
militia of the former. He was also one of its jus- 
tices and in 1685 was a major in the foot service. 

The marriage between Elizabeth Warner and 
Councillor John Lewis occurred in 1692, and to them 
were bom fourteen children. Among them Cather- 
ine Lewis, baptized in 1702; Elizabeth Lewis, bap- 
tized 1702; John Lewis, bom 1694, baptized 1702, 

88 (^ #teptreb Jtoe 

married Frances Fielding, daughter of Henry Field- 
ing, of King and Queen County. 

Robert Lewis, called ** Colonel Robert Lewis of 
Belvoir,'' baptized 1702, died 1757, married Jane 
Meriwether ; Charles Lewis, called ' * Colonel Charles 
Lewis of the Byrd," married Mary Howell; Eliza- 
beth Lewis, baptized 17U6; Isabella, baptized 17U7, 
married Dr. Thomas Clayton, 1720; Anne Lewis, 
baptized 1712. 

The home of Councillor John Lewis and his wife, 
Elizabeth Warner Lewis, was ** Warner Hall,'' Glou- 
cester County, one of the most notable estates of 
Virginia about the close of the seventeenth century. 
It was a part of the land which had belonged to the 
Chiskiack Indians, but which was later included in a 
royal grant to Colonel Augustine Warner. 

It was probably given as a dowry to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Colonel Augustine Warner, when she 
married Councillor John Lewis. The residence is 
supposed to have been partially built by him, and 
though at first it may have been a modest structure, 
was later a very imposLug manor house, containing 
forty rooms. 

The home was a centre from which went out to 
the world men and women who exercised a strong 
and formative influence upon the age in which they 
lived, and doubtless here were gathered assemblages 
of the most exclusive and patrician colonial families. 
George Washington was a first cousin of Elizabeth 
Warner Lewis, and she was related by ties of blood 
to almost all the other notable men of her age and 

Among the children of Elizabeth Warner Lewis 
and her husband, Councillor John Lewis, who is 
called on the tombstone in the family cemetery at 
** Warner HalP' **one of her Majesty's Honourable 
Councillors," was 
Colonel Eobebt Lewis, ' ' of Bel voir, ' ' who married Jane 
Meriwether. He was a man of forceful character and 
conspicuous in the Lidian warfare of his day, yet in 
peace so wise and calm that he was looked upon as 
the umpire of his county. His estate, ' * Belvoir, ' ' was 
a part of the 11,000 acres granted by George the 
Second to Nicholas Meriwether, his wife's grand- 

This Nicholas Meriwether, the first of the name 
known in America, was the possessor of large tracts 
of land in Virginia, said to have been given by the 
crown in payment of a loan. He died December 19th, 
1678, in Surry County. His only surviving child 
leaving heirs was 

Nicholas Meriwether, bom October 26th, 1647; 
died December, 1744. He married Elizabeth Craw- 
ford, daughter of David Crawford, gentleman, of 
Assaquin, New Kent County, Virginia. David Craw- 
ford was a native of Scotland, and is said to have 
descended from Sir Reginald Crawford, brother of 
Sir William Wallace's mother. 

The name Crofford, or Crauflford, as it was fre- 
quently spelled, is of very ancient origin, said to 
have been derived from an expression in the Gaelic, 
signifying **the pass of blood," doubtless originat- 
ing in some terrible encounter in that portion of Scot- 

90 (M ^tqrfreb Jte:e 

land where the family was established. Dominicus 
Galfredus de Crawfurd is said to have been the fifth 
great-grandfather of Margaret de Craffurd, tlie 
mother of Sir William Wallace; her brother, Sir 
Reginald de Crawfurd, is claimed to have been the 
direct ancestor of the Crawfords who came to Amer- 
ica and settled in Virgiaia. 

This Nicholas Meriwether, husband of Elizabeth 
Crawford, brought from Wales, the original home of 
his people, a much larger amount of wealth than 
was usual with the colonists. Besides landed estates, 
he was rich in plate and slaves, and made his impress 
upon his contemporaries as a man of strongly marked 
individuality, characterized by integrity, determina- 
tion and ingenuity. He was a vestryman of St. Peter's 
Church, New Kent County, and later of St. Paul's 
l)arish; was justice of the peace of New Kent County 
lor many years, and member of the House of Bur- 
gesses, 1710-1714. He was sheriff of New Kent 
County, 1702, died in Goochland County 1744. 

To Nicholas Meriwether and his wife, Elizabeth 
Crawford, were born nine children, among them 
Jane Meriwether, who married Colonel Robert 
Lewis, of '*Belvoir;'' Nicholas Meriwether, who 
married Mildred Thornton (this Mildred Thornton 
after the death of her husband, Nicholas Meriwether, 
married Dr. Thomas Walker of Castle Hill, Vir- 
ginia) ; David Meriwether, married Anne Holmes ; 
Anne Meriwether, married Thomas Johnson, and 
was the anceKtross of Chapmnn Johnson; Elizabeth 


(^i ^ttpixth 3^te 91 

Meriwether, married Thomas Bray; Sarah Meri- 
wether, married William Littlepage; Mary Meri- 
wether, married John Aylett. The children of Col- 
onel Robert Lewis *^of Belvoir'' and his wife, Jane 
Meriwether, were John Lewis, who married Cath- 
erine Fauntleroy, daughter of Colonel William 
Fauntleroy, of Naylor's Hole, and his wife, Apphia 
Bnshrod ; Nicholas Lewis, who married Mary Walk- 
er, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker and his wife, 
Mildred Thornton; Robert Lewis (called '* Colonel 
Robert Lewis of Louisa County"), married his first 
cousin, Frances Lewis, daughter of Colonel Charles 
Lewis, *'of the Byrd;" Charles Lewis, married 
Mary, probably daughter of Colonel Charles Lewis 
*'of the Byrd" (they had sons Charles and Warner) ; 
William Lewis, married Lucy Meriwether ; their son, 
Meriwether Lewis, was the famous explorer of the 
northwest, through whose services the United States 
extended her borders across half a continent; Jane 
Lewis, married her first cousin, John Lewis, son of 
Colonel Charles Lewis, ' * of the Byrd ; ' ' Anne Lewis, 
married John Lewis, of Spottslyvania County, who 
was called **the honest lawyer.'' (He was the son 
of Zachary Lewis and his wife, Mary Walker, and 
was not related to the Lewis family into which he 
married) ; Mildred Lewis, married Major John 
Lewis, son of Joseph Lewis, of Henrico County (this 
family not related to the Lewis family into which 
he married) ; Mary Lewis married Samuel Cobb, of 
Louisa County; Isabella Lewis died young; Eliza- 

92 OM #teptreb Jtee 

beth Lewis married Reverend Robert Barrett. 
Nicholas Lewis, mentioned above, a son of Colonel Rob- 
ert Lewis, *'of Belvoir,'' and his wife, Jane Meri- 
wether, was deputy from Albemarle County, Sep- 
tember, 1775, for the District of Buckingham, which 
met to provide for the defense of the district. Sep- 
tember 9th he was made captain of the Albemarle 
Minute Men. He commanded a regiment in a suc- 
cessful expedition in 1776 against the Cherokee In- 
dians, and aside from the qualities which made him 
a valiant leader of troops, he is said by Jefferson to 
have been '^endeared to all who knew him by his 
inflexible probity, courteous disposition, benevolent 
heart and engaging modesty of manner.'* 

He married Mary Walker, daughter of Dr. Thomaa 
Walker, of '* Castle Hill,'* Albemarle County, and 
his wife, Mildred Thornton. 

Captain Thomas Walker, the first of his family in 
America, came from Staffordshire, England, about 
1650. He was a member of the Colonial Assembly, 
from Gloucester County, in 1663 and 1666. 

His son, John Walker, of King and Queen County, 
Virginia, married Rachel, daughter of Captain Rich- 
ard Croshaw, of York County. To them were born 
several children, among them: 

Thomas Walker, captain of militia, married at St. 
Clemen's Church, King and Queen County, Septem- 
ber 29, 1709, Susanna . Her surname is thought 

to have been * * Peachy. ' ' The name of her father is 
not known, but there is on record the will of a Sam- 

(if ^ttfivth 3^te 93 

iiel Peachy, of Eichmond County, 1711, which names 
plate with arms. To them were born several chil- 
dren, whose births are recorded in an old family 
Bible, which belongs to Dr. Bernard H. Walker, of 
Stephensville, King and Queen County. It was 
printed 1589. The New Testament added 1602. The 
record of the marriage of Thomas Walker and his 
wife, Susanna, is given, and then appear the follow- 
ing entries : 

'*My dafter, Mary Peachy Walker, was bom ye 
first oure of ye thirtieth day of Janevary, 1710, bap- 
tised the day followg, ye 31st. 

John Walker, borne ye 29th of April at five, 1711. 

Thomas Walker, borne Jany ye 15th, 1715.'* 

This Mary Peachy Walker, daughter of Thomas 
Walker and his wife, Susanna, married May 13, 1732, 
Dr. George Gilmer, of Williamsburg. Their son, 
George Gilmer, married Elizabeth Lewis, daughter 
of Thomas Lewis and Jane Strother. Their daugh- 
ter, Lucy Gilmer, married William Wirt. 

Dr. Thomas Walker, son of Captain Thomas 
Walker, and his wife, Susanna, was born January 15, 
1715; died November 9, 1794. He married, in 1741, 
Mildred Thornton, daughter of Colonel Francis 
Thornton, of Caroline County, Virginia, and his wife, 
Mary Taliaferro. This Mildred Thornton had mar- 
ried, first, Nicholas Meriwether, and was a widow. 

Dr. Thomas Walker is supposed to have received 
his education at William and Mary College. He 
was a physician, surveyor, planter, explorer, legis- 

94 (M #ceptreh JRate 

lator, Indian commissioner, and in many ways a 
very remarkable man. The explorations of Dr. Wal- 
ker into the territory now within the limits of the 
States of Kentucky and Tennessee are chronicled in 
a manuscript journal, written by himself, and pub- 
lished some years since by William Cabell Rives. 

It records occurrences which antedate by nearly 
twenty years the explorations of Daniel Boone, and 
bears testimony upon many interesting points. The 
Cumberland Gap and Cumberland River were named 
by Dr. Walker in honor of the Duke of Cumberland, 
who won at Culloden, April 16, 1746, the notable vic- 
tory against the forces of the ** Pretender.*' 

A hatchet bearing the initials **T. W.,'* and men^ 
tioned in Dr. Walker's journal as being swept away 
by a flood, was found more than a century afterward 
and identified by its mark. It is now preserved, 
among other relics, in Louisville, Kentucky. 

With other entries in his journal are many that 
manifest Dr. Walker's reverence for the Sabbath. 
Upon that day there seems to have been neither work 
nor travel. Frequent mention is made of the abund- 
ance of game. Speaking of camping upon Powell's 
Creek, which is said to flow into Green river, he says : 
**At the mouth of a creek that comes in on the east 
side is a lick, and I believe there were a hundred buf- 
faloes at it." Upon his return home, July 13, 1750, 
he made this entry in his journal : **I got home about 
noon. We killed thirteen buflfaloes, eight elks, fifty- 
three bears, twenty deer, four wild geese, about one 

(if #ceptreh J^ce 95 

hundred and fifty turkeys, besides small jijame. We 
might liave killed three times as much meat if we 
had wanted if 

In 1765 Dr. Walker built his famous home, '* Castle 
Hill," in Albermarle County, Virginia. The small 
panes of glass and the brass door locks, which may 
still be seen in the venerable building, were brought 
from London, and the quaint old hall, which is still 
the centre of a gracious hospitality, has echoed to 
the violin of Jefferson, and the step of Madison in 
the merry dance. 

Here five men, either Presidents or Presidents to 
be, have l)een entertained as familiar friends or rela- 
tives, while many others, notable at home and 
abroad, have met here in charming companionship. 

About 1755 Dr. Walker entered upon his public 
career. With the rank of '* major," he that year 
accepted the appointment of commissary to the Vir- 
ginia troops sent under General Braddock to cap- 
ture Fort Duquesne. In 1754 he was made adjutant 
of the Frontier Counties. 

He was sent upon government business to Pennsyl- 
vania, and here was entertained by one whom Mr. 
Rives tells us he mentioned as 'Hhe ingenious Dr. 
Benjamin Franklin." 

Dr. Walker was member of the House of Bur- 
gesses from Albemarle County, 1768, and was ap- 
pointed, next in order to George Washington, one 
of the conunissioners for arranging a treaty with 
the Ohio Indians. 

96 0^ ^ttfixth 3tee 

He presided over the conferences which were held 
with the Indians by both the Virginia and Conti- 
nental Commissioners, from the 12th of September 
to the 21st of October, 1775. Later he was a mem- 
ber of the Revolutionary Convention, and a member 
of the Committee of Public Safety of Virginia. In 
1774 he was a member of the Council of State. 

At the age of twenty-six he married Mildred 
Thornton. She was only twenty years of age, bnt 
already a widow (of Nicholas Meriwether). Her 
parents were Colonel Francis Thornton, of Snow 
Creek, Caroline Coimty, Virginia, and his wife, Mary 
Taliaferro. Various historians have made errone- 
ous statements regarding her, several asserting that 
she was the daughter of Mildred Washington, and 
granddaughter of Augustine Warner. This mistake 
arose from the fact that the daughter of Mildred 
Washington did marry a Francis Thornton, but he 
was a brother of Mildred Thornton's, and not her 

On the 19th of November, 1794, when almost eighty 
years of age, Dr. Walker closed his eventful career. 
His body lies in the family burying ground at the 
old home, '* Castle Hill,*' where some of his descend- 
ants still live. His eldest son, John Walker, was 
aide-de-camp to Washington, and later was in the 
Senate. The youngest son, Francis Walker, also 
represented his State in Congress. 

To Dr. Thomas Walker and his wife, Mildred 
Thornton, were bom twelve children: 

1. Mary Walker, born 1742; married, in 1760, 
Nicholas Lewis, son of Colonel Robert Lewis, **of 
Belvoir," and his wife, Jane Meriwether. 

2. John Walker, bom 1743; married Elizabeth 
Moore, about 1764. 

3. Snsanna Walker, born 1746; married Henry 
Fry, about 1764. 

4. Thomas Walker, bom 1748; married Margaret 
Hoops, of Pennsylvania, about 1773. 

5. Lucy Walker, bom 1751 ; married Dr. George 
Gilmer, 1771. A son of this marriage. Dr. George 
Gilmer, Jr., married Elizabeth Hudson; their son, 
Thomas Walker Gilmer, married Anne Baker; their 
daughter, Elizabeth Anderson Gilmer, married St. 
George Tucker HI.; a daughter of this marriage, 
Lucy Beverly Tucker, married Robert B. Richard- 
son ; another daughter, Annie Baker Tucker, married 
Professor Lyon Gardiner Tyler, LL.D., President of 
William and Mary College, and author of many valu- 
able works. One daughter remains unmarried, Lena 
Hunter Tucker. 

6. Elizabeth Walker, bom 1753; married Rev. 
Matthew Maury, 1773. 

7. Mildred Walker, bom 1755; married Joseph 
Homsby, of Williamsburg, Virginia, 1770. 

8. Sarah Walker, bom 1758; married Colonel 
Reuben Lindsay, 1778. 

9. Martha Walker, bora 1760; married George 
Divers, 1780. 

10. Reuben Walker, bom 1762 ; died 1765. 

98 m ^teptreh J^e 

11. Francis Walker, bom 1764; married Jane 
Byrd Nelson, 1798. Judith Page Walker, daughter 
of this marriage, married Hon. William C. Rives. 
They were grandparents of Amelia Louise Rives, 
the gifted writer, who married Prince Troubetskoy. 

12. Peachy Walker, bom 1767; married Joshua 
Fry, 1787. Joshua Fry was the son of Colonel John 
Fry and Sallie Adams, and grandson of Joshua Fry, 
gentleman, who, it is said, graduated at Oxford; 
after coming to America, he was professor of mathe- 
matics at William and Mary College. He was col- 
onel of one of the Virginia regiments sent against 
Fort Duquesno. His wife was Mary, daughter of 
Dr. Paul Micou, and widow of Hill. 

Among tlio descendants of Peachy Walker and 
Joshua Fry are the Bullitt and Speed families of 
Louisville, Kentucky, also the family of Adlai E. 
Stephenson and his wife, Tictitia Green, who was a 
daughter of Reverend Lewis Warner Green, D.D., 
and his wife, Mary Peachy, who was a daughter of 
Thomas Walker Fry, descended from Br. Thomas 
Walker of ''Castle Hill,'' Virginia. 

The mother of Mildred Thornton, wife of Dr. 
Thomas Walker, and mother of his children, was the 
daughter of Colonel Francis Thornton and his wife, 
Mary Taliaferro Thornton. 

The founder of the Taliaferro family is said, hy 
Mr. Peyton Neale Clarke, to have come from Nor- 
mandy with the Conqueror. It is also stated by some 
writers that this Norman knight was ancestor of the 
Taylor family. 

Robert Taliaferro, Gentleman, settled in Glouces- 
ter County, Virginia, 1636. He married a daughter 

of Rev. Charles Qrymes, of Middlesex. To them 
were bom several children : John, Frances, Richard, 
Robert and Charles. It is thought that Charles mar- 
ried Lucy Walker, of Urbanna, Middlesex County, 
but it is not known from which one of the four sons 
Mary Taliaferro, who married Colonel Francis 
Thornton, and was the mother of Mildred Thornton, 
who married Dr. Thomas Walker, descended. This 
Mildred was the mother of all the children of Dr. 
Thomas Walker. After her death he married her 
sister, but there were no children of this later mar- 

In the list of children of Dr. Thomas Walker and 
his wife, Mildred Thornton, appears the name of 
Elizabeth Walker, who married Reverend Matthew 
Maury. The ancestor of Matthew Maury, Jean de 
la Fontaine, with his eldest son and wife, suffered 
death at their home in France during the religious 
persecutions. Jacques, a younger son of Jean de la 
Fontaine, was born 1550; died 1633. Rev. James 
Fontaine, descendant of this Jacques, married Febru- 
ary 8, 1686, Ann Elizabeth Boursiquot. To them 
were bom three children: 

1. Peter Fontaine. 

2. John Fontaine. 

3. Mary Anne Fontaine, bom 1690; died 1755; 
married in Dublin, Ireland, 1716, Matthew Maury, 
a Huguenot. They came to Virginia, 1718, where 
Matthew Maury died in 1752. Among their children 
was the Rev. James Maury, who married, in 1773, 


l&ceptrcb JRacc 

Miss Walker. The Peter Fontaine itientioDed above 
stated in a letter that she was a niece of Dr. Thomas 
Walker, As he had hut one brother, John Walker, 
who married Miss Baylor, of Essex, the Miss Walker 
who married Rev. James Maury must have been his 

To Rev. James Maury, rector of Walker's Church, 
and hia wife, Walker, were bom several chil- 
dren, among them : 

Rev. Matthew Maury, also rector of Walker's 
Church, who married his cousin, Rlizabeth Walker, 
daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker and his wife, Mil- 
dred Thornton. 

Richard Maury, who married, 1790, Diana, daugh- 
ter of Major John Minor, of Topping Castle, Vir- 
ginia. Their children were John Minor Maury, Mary 
Walker Maury, Matilda Maury, Betsy Manry, who 

married Holland; Richard Launcelot Manry, 

and the famous scientist. Commodore Matthew Fon- 
taine Manry, author of "The Physical Geography of 
the Sea and Its Meteorology," who married Anne 
Herndon, 1834. A member of this branch of the fam- 
ily is the eminent Dr. Richard B. Maury, of Mem- 
phis, Tennessee. 

As already stated, the wife of Dr. Thomas Walker, 
"of Castle Hill," was Mildred Thornton, and her 
first American ancestor of this name was William 
Thornton, who came from Yorkshire, England. He 
settled in York County, Virginia, before 1646. Soon 

after this date he moved to Gloucester County, and 
established a home about four miles northwest of 
Gloucester Point, called '*The Hills" to this day. 
Late in life he moved to Stafford County. The name 
** Thornton" appears in old works as an evolution 
from '*Thorton" of Oxfordshire. 

This William Thornton had three sons, one of 
whom, Francis Thornton, bom 1651, married Alice 
Savage, daughter of Colonel Anthony Savage, jus- 
tice in Gloucester County, 1660. 

To Francis Thornton and his wife, Alice Savage, 
were bom several children, among them : 

Francis Thornton, bom January 4, 1682. He is 
spoken of as Colonel Francis Thornton, of Snow 
Creek, Caroline County. He was a justice in this 
county and burgess for Spottsylvania, 1723-1726. 
He married Mary Taliaferro, and to them was born, 
about 1721, Mildred Thornton, who married Dr. 
Thomas Walker. 

Returning to the Lewis line and the record of the 
marriage of Nicholas Lewis (son of Colonel Robert 
Lewis, **of Belvoir," and his wife, Jane Meriwether) 
to Mary Walker, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker 
(and his wife, Mildred Thornton), descent will be 
followed through their children, among whom were: 

1. Thomas Walker Lewis, bom 1763; died June, 
1807; married, 1788, Elizabeth Meriwether. 

2. Elizabeth Lewis, born 1769 ; married February 
28, 1788, William Douglas. 

3. Margaret Lewis, bom 1785; married Charles 

102 (if ^ttfixth JRace 

Lewis Thomas. (To them were bom Nicholas Lewis 
Thomas, M.D., Robert Warner, John Isham; Mary 
Walker, who married Judge Clayton, of Mississippi ; 
Frances E., who married Dr. Charles Hunter Meri- 
wether; Charles, who was the father of Mrs. Jane 
Jackson, of Hudsonville, Marshall County, Missis- 
sippi. Mary Walker Thomas, mentioned above, who 
married Judge Clayton, was the mother of Mary 
Lewis Clayton, who married William Hull, of Missis- 
sippi. Of this latter marriage there were several chil- 
dren. Lucy Hull, who married E. Q. Withers and left 
a son, William Withers, who married Kate Welllbrd ; 
Walker Hull, who married John Martin, and left 
two children, John Donaldson Martin and Mary 
Lewis Martin; Elizabeth Hull, who married Rice T. 
Fant, and has two children, Mary l^wis Fant and 
Arthur Fant. Lineally descended from Colonel 
George Reade in this line are Charles L. Townes, 
of Memphis, Tennessee, and his sister, Virginia 
Townes Duncan, of Grenada, Mississippi.) 

4. Mary Lewis, who married Isaac Miller, of Ken- 
tucky. Their son, Warwick Miller, was grandfather 
of the artist, Pattie Thumm, of Louisville. 
5. Nicholas Meriwether Lewis, bom August 13, 
1767 ; died September 22, 1818. He married his cousin 
Mildred Homsby, daughter of Joseph Homsby, of 
Williamsburg, Virginia, and his wife, Mildred Walk- 
er, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker and his wife, 
Mildred Thornton. 

The first Homsby mentioned in the family records 

(if #teptreb 3^te i03 

is Joseph, who lived in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk 
County, England. The men of his family were naval 
officers. Neither he nor his wife, Hannah Linkley, 
came to America. 

Their son, Joseph Homsby, came when seventeen 
years of age, and settled at Williamsburg, Virginia, 
(where he had an uncle living, Thomas Homsby, a 
brother of his father). He married, about 1770, 
Mildred Walker, a daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker 
and his wife, Mildred Thornton. 

Joseph Homsby was a man of considerable 
wealth, and is said to have lived in a style befitting 
his handsome income. His wife, Mildred Walker, 
must have sympathized with his ideas and ambi- 
tions, for it is said that tutors and masters, even 
for music and dancing, were brought from England 
to train their five children. Their home was 
noted for its lavish entertaining, and is said 
to have been fashioned after the old English 
models. After the death of his wife he moved to 
Shelby County, Kentucky, with his children. Here 
he died when sixty-seven years of age, leaving eight 
thousand acres of land and many slaves to his de- 
scendants. He also left rare old silver and quaint 
relics, among these an immense Bible, brought in his 
youth from England, which is still in a good state of 
preservation, as is also his diary. The entries in 
the latter more than a century old bear testimony to 
a character of lofty principles and deep religious 
convictions. The children of Joseph Hornsby and 

•04 #f ^tejrfreh 3te:e 

his wife, Mary Walker Homsby, were : 

1. Hannah Homsby, bom March, 1771; married 
Thomas Allen. 

2. Mildred Homsby, bom Febmary 20, 1774; 
married her cousin, Nicholas Meriwether Lewis, and 
died October 20, 1847. 

3. Joseph Homsby, bom March 28, 1777; mar- 
ried Cynthia Allen. To them were bom ten chil- 
dren: Joseph W., John A., Anne M., Thomas W., 
Dr. Nicholas Lewis, of St. Louis, Mildred Thornton, 
Henry Hancock, Dandridge C, William F., and Rob- 
ert I. Homsby. 

4. Thomas Hornsby, bom January, 1779; mar- 
ried Frances Henderson. 

5. Sarah Homsby, bom October 17, 1780; mar- 
ried John Allen. 

There is a quaint old sampler in the possession of 
Mrs. James Henry Watson, of Memphis, Tennessee, 
embroidered by Sarah Hornsby, giving the births of 
these children. 

Mildred Hornsby, one of these children, is said to 
have been a woman of rare intellectual brilliance, 
strength of character and quick powers of re- 
partee. When quite young there developed be- 
tween herself and her first cousin, Nicholas 
Meriwether Lewis, a warm attachment which, 
it seems, was not quite to the liking of her 
father, Joseph Hornsby. There were many other 
suitors for the hand of young Mildred, among them, 
or so it was whispered, John Randolph **of Roa- 

©f ^ttfixth 3^te 105 

noke/' Whether or no he was the one favored by 
the fair maid's father, tradition does not clearly 
state, bnt it tells that npon occasion of a great din- 
ner party, when the ladies and gentlemen of the 
most patrician circles of good old Williamsburg were 
gathered about the table of the Hornsby home, toasts 
were offered by one and another, and that at last the 
host said, after a very dignified and patronizing 
fashion, glancing at his young daughter, ' ' My Milly , 
give us a toast," and young Milly, holding her head 
very high and bowing to her father's guests, replied : 
* * The farmer 's art hath won my heart 1 " A ripple 
of amusement passed around the table; all under- 
stood the allusion, for Nicholas Meriwether Lewis 
was a farmer, and some of her other admirers were 
not. The old gentleman was surprised and doubtless 
a little impatient, but he only exclaimed, as to a 
thoughtless child, ' ' Tut, tut 1 " 

She was a devoted member of the Episcopal 
Church, and was among those who united to build 
Christ Church, now the Cathedral, of Louisville, 
Kentucky. Her ancestors were doubtless Church 
of England adherents. The tomb of Thomas Horns- 
by, her great uncle, who came to Virginia, 1730, 
and is said to have left her father one hundred and 
ten thousand poimds sterling, is in the churchyard 
of old Bruton at Williamsburg. 

Nicholas Meriwether Lewis and his wife, Mildred 
Hornsby, moved from Virginia to Kentucky, and 
made their home near Louisville, at this time only a 

106 (^ ^teptreb JIate 

small settlement. To them were bom two children, 
Joseph Lewis, who died yonng, and 
Annah Hobnsby Lewis, bom February 2, 1796; died 
August 10, 1882. She married (his second wife) in 
1814 Hancock Taylor, son of Colonel Richard Tay- 
lor, an officer who won distinction in the Revolution, 
and who was a great-grandson of James Taylor 
(who came from Carlisle, England, to Virginia about 
1635), and his first wife, Frances Taylor. 

To Annah Hornsby Lewis Taylor and her husband, 
Hancock Taylor, were bom ten children, of whom 
two only are now living, Robert Hornsby Taylor, 
of Florida, and Mary Louise Taylor, bom May 20, 
1824, who married May 2, 1843, Archibald Magill 
Robinson, of Louisville, Kentucky, who was bom in 
Winchester, Virginia, August 23, 1821. He was a 
son of Lyles Robert Robinson of Virginia and his 
wife, Katherine Worthington Goldsborough, of 
Maryland. (The Robinson and tlie Taylor records 
will be found in subsequent pages.) 

(Eolimd CSeoir^t ^«be. 
JSxrg |(0mst 9«gl0i: JKobhtsim. 

In the preceding chapters the line of descent has been 
brought from Alfred the Great to Colonel George Beade, 
from him to Colonel Robert Lewis of ''Belvoir,'' and 
thence through three generations to Mary Louise Tay- 
lor, who married May 2, 1843, Archibald Magill Robin- 

The Taylor family thus introduced is one of historic 
interest and dignity, and closely associated with the de- 
velopment of this country from its earliest Colonial 
struggles. Among the English gentry who established 
American homes in the first half of the seventeenth cen- 
tury, it was conspicuous and won speedy recognition. 

James Taylor, called ''James the First," was bom in 
1615, and came from Carlisle, England, to Caroline 
County, Virginia, about 1635. The home at which 
he lived and died was in New Kent County, where 
he was a large land owner, a prominent man of af- 
fairs, and conspicuously associated with all matters 
affecting the well-being of the colony. 

A seal ring belonging to this James Taylor, and show- 
ing the crest and motto of the Taylor arms, has descended 
to the present generation. 

In the opinion of Disraeli, ' ' the traditions of a nation 


108 (if #teptreh J^te 

are part of its existence, ' ' and the same may be claimed 
for the traditions and legends of ancient families. With 
the seal ring just mentioned has descended a legend which 
declares that upon a certain occasion the king of Eng- 
land, with his knights, was enjoying the chase in one of 
the royal forests when suddenly a wild boar, hard driven, 
turned upon the royal huntsman, whereat there sprang 
to his defense one of the attending knights, who, inter- 
posing, thrust the animal through with his lance. The 
king, in gratitude, bade him prefer any request whatso- 
ever, promising that it would be granted. 

From this time the *' crest" and distinguishing mark 
of this knight and his descendants was the uplifted arm 
with lance in hand, accompanied by the motto, ^'con- 
sequitur quodcimque petit,'' **He strikes what he aims 
at, ' ' or ' * He gains what he seeks. ' ' 

There is a legend relating to an earlier period still, 
in which the device shown on the ring is connected with 
heroism on the field of Hastings. An ancient chronicler 
states that Taillefer, a Norman noble, claimed as ances- 
tor of the Taylors, accompanied William the Conqueror 
to England, that in front of the sacred *' Gonfalon" or 
standard, rode this knight, and that as he rode, he was 

*' Chanting aloud the lusty strain 
Of Roland and of Charlemagne, 
And the dead who deathless are 
Who fell at famous Eoncesvalles. ' ' 

Again and again, according to the story, he led the as- 
sault against the Saxons, but at last fell before Leofwine, 

(M ^ttfivth 3^a 109 

a brother of King Harold. A quaint ballad, called **Tail- 
lefer," opens with the lines: 

**He left the old castle to make his first journey, 
All ready to fight or take part in a tourney," 

And after many stanzas states in closing that William, 
after the battle of Hastings, knowing that Taillifer had 
been slain, called out: 

''Drink to Taillefer, all I 
His heirs shall have a whole country, fee-simple deeded. 
And a motto, — Consequitur quodcunque petit." 

A descendant of this Taliaferro is said to have received 
vast estates and to have been the ancestor of the Earls 
of Pennington (these said to be the ancestors of the Tay- 
lors). In the time of Charles the Bold, king of France, 
a Taliaferro was created Duke of Angouleme, and Isobel 
Taliaferro, or Taillefer, daughter of Count d 'Angouleme, 
married King John of England. 

This name, which after several changes became Talia- 
ferro, is the family name of the Earls of Pennington, and 
it is claimed that Hanger Taillefer (who lived in the time 
of Henry the Third, and whose estates were in Kent), 
had a son William, who was called ''Taylor of Shado- 
churst," and that his grandson, John Taylor, was Lord 
of the Manor of Shadochurst. 

These Taylors are said to be, "of Pennington," and 
Pennington is only twenty miles from Carlisle, the port 
from which James Taylor the First, sailed to America. 
The Taylor arms, the crest of which appears upon the 
seal ring mentioned above, with the motto, are those 

which also belong to the Earls of Pennington. Recent 
investigations in England have resulted in satisfying 
those most interested that the Pennington and Taylor 
origin is identical. 

James Taylor, the first, married Frances, surname un- 
known, who died September 22, 1680. In 1682, he mar- 
ried Mary Gregory, who survived him. He died in 1698. 
The children of the second marriage were, Ann, Mary, 
Edmund, Elizabeth, and John, who married Catharine 
Pendleton. A son of this marriage, Edmund Taylor, 
married, as shown elsewhere, Anne Lewis, daughter of 
Colonel Charles Lewis, '*of the Byrd,'' and his wife, 
Mary Howell. 

The descent traced in this chapter is through the first 
marriage, of which there were bom two daughters, and 
a son, 

James Tatlor, second, bom December 29th, 1668, mar- 
ried Martha Thompson, bom in 1679, a daughter of 
William Thompson, said to have been an officer in 
the English army and a son of Sir Roger Thompson, 
of England. It is further said that she descended 
from Margaret Atheling and her husband, Malcolm 
This James Taylor was one of the first surveyors of 
Virginia, and ran out the lines between Hanover, Spott- 
sylvania, and Orange Counties. In early days official 
surveyors seem to have been men whose education and 
intelligence best fitted them for the work. Later the office 
of Surveyor-General of Virginia was in the gift of Wil- 
liam and Mary College. 



(if ^ttfivth 3tee HI 

In Orange County, James Taylor located ten thousand 
acres of land, and here he lived with his wife and chil- 
dren until his death in 1729. He was justice of the peace 
from 1702-1714 for King and Queen County. In August, 
1736, the Virginia burgesses ordered the counties of 
Spottsylvania, Hanover and Orange to pay sixteen thou- 
sand pounds of tobacco to Martha Thompson Taylor, 
widow of James Taylor, for his services in running the 
dividing line between the said counties. 

The home of James Taylor, second, and his wife, Mar- 
tha Thompson Taylor, was ''Hare Forest," Orange 
County, Virginia, and the tradition that the Earls of 
Hare were among the ancestors of the Taylor family, 
may explain the name. Nine children were bom of the 
marriage, Frances, Martha, James, Zachary, Q^eorge, 
Tabitha, Hannah, Mildred and Erasmus (the last named 
being ancestor of the late Dr. Andrew Glassell Grinnan, 
of Orange County, Virginia). 

Of these children, Frances Taylor, bom August 30, 
1700, died November 25, 1761, married, August 24, 1741, 
Ambrose Madison. They were grandparents of Presi- 
dent Madison. 

Martha Taylor, born Januaiy 27, 1702, married 
Thomas Chew, son of Larkin Chew, of Spottsylvania 
County, Virginia. 

James Taylor, bom March 20, 1703, died March 1, 1784, 
married, first, Mrs. Alice Thornton Catlett, second, Mrs. 
Elizabeth McGrath Lewis. To this James Taylor and 
his first wife, Alice Thornton Catlett, daughter of Colonel 
Francis Thomton, of Caroline County, and sister of Mil- 

112 (^i ^aptreb ]^t 

dred Thornton, who married Dr. Thomas Walker, were 
born several children. Among them, James Taylor, bom 
December 20, 1732, died 1814, married, first, Ann Hub- 
bard, second, Mrs. Elizabeth Fitzhugh Conway, widow of 
Captain Francis Conway. Among the children of the first 
marriage was James Taylor, founder of Newport, Ken- 
tucky, where he located in 1791. He was bom April 19, 
1769, and married Mrs. Keturah Moss Leith, of * * Tucka- 
hoe," near Lexington, Kentucky. He died in Kentucky, 
November 7, 1848. Keturah Moss was the daughter of 
Major Hugh Moss and his wife, Jane Ford, of GoocB- 
land, Virginia. She was born September 11, 1774, died 
January 14, 1866. Keturah Taylor, daughter of this mar- 
riage, married Horatio Turpin Harris. Their daughter, 
Anna Maria Harris, married James J. 'Fallon, of St. 
Louis. Josephine, another daughter of Keturah Taylor 
and her husband, Horatio Turpin Harris, married George 
W. Ward. They had several children, among them Eliza- 
beth Johnson Ward, who married in Washington City, 
August 4, 1880, Professor Charles Avery Doremus, of 
New York City. Their children are Eobert Ogden Dore- 
mus, Norvin Green Doremus, Katharine Ward Doremus. 

Zachary Taylor, born April 17, 1707, died about 1768, 
married Elizabeth Lee, daughter of Hancock Lee, of 
Ditchley, and his second wife, Sarah Elizabeth Allerton. 
After the death of Elizabeth Lee, Zachary Taylor mar- 
ried Mrs. Esther Blackburn. 

Of these nine children, two became grandparents of 
presidents of the United States. Frances Taylor, who 
married Ambrose Madison, and 

(if #ceptreb Jtoe 113 

Zachary Taylor, who married Elizabeth Lee, daughter 
of Hancock, and granddaughter of Colonel Richard 
Lee, the first of his line in this country. 

The Lee family appears elsewhere in this volume, but 
the marriage of Hancock Lee with Sarah Elizabeth Aller- 
ton (daughter of Elizabeth Willoughby and her second 
husband, Isaac Allerton, second), introduces a most in- 
teresting line of descent. Isaac Allerton, father of Eliza- 
beth Allerton, was a son of Isaac Allerton, first, and his 
second wife, Fear Brewster. Isaac Allerton, first, was 
bom in England about 1583, died in America in 1659. 
He was a member of the *' Merchant Taylors' Guild" of 
London, served an apprenticeship of seven years in this 
guild, and thus earned the right to become a candidate 
for the offices of alderman, sheriff, or lord mayor of 
London. This franchise was given only to those who 
were freemen of the trade guilds, and no one could be 
elected to these high offices who had not served his ap- 
prenticeship in one of them. 

There were in all about seventy of these guilds, twelve 
of them considered the great guilds. One of the twelve 
was the *'Marchauntailo," as spelt in the old records. 
This was the great educational guild, and ranked high as 
a feeding school for the universities. It was first licensed 
in the time of Edward the First. Henry the Sixth gave 
it a charter under the name of ** Masters and Wardens 
of the Fraternity of St. John Baptist of London.'' Henry 
the Seventh was a member of this guild, and changed the 
name to *' Merchant Taylors." 

James the First was a member of the ''Cloth Work- 

«i4 m ^teptreb ^ate 

ers' Guild;" Prince Henry Stuart, his eldest son, be- 
longed to the ''Merchant Taylors." The Earl of South- 
ampton was also one of its apprentices. 

These statements will give an idea of the dignity and 
importance of the ** Craft Guilds" of that day, and ex- 
plain the fact that the sons of the most notable Virginia 
families were sometimes sent back to England to attend 
the school of the '* Merchant Taylors' Guild." 

During the religious disturbances in England, which 
marked this period, Isaac Allerton went to Tjeyden, Holl- 
and. Here he married Mary Norris, of Newbury, Eng- 
land, November 4, 1611. To them were bom four chil- 
dren: Bartholomew, Remember, Mary, and Sarah, all 
bom in Holland or England. 

The first wife of Isaac Allerton died at Plymouth, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1621. In 1626 he married a second time, his 
wife being Fear Brewster, daughter of Elder William 
Brewster, foimder of Plymouth Colony. She died in 
Plymouth, December 12, 1634. 

Isaac Allerton was a man of wealth and position, of 
great mental activity and breadth of views. His char- 
acter was distinguished by an unusual degree of enthu- 
siasm, energy, and hopefulness. He was also a man of 
resources and quick ingenuity. These qualities rendered 
him most valuable to the colony. While the enterprises 
entrusted to him were not always successful, their fail- 
ure was not due to fault on his part, for he is said to have 
been indefatigable in his efforts to promote their ad- 
vancement. He was the fifth signer of the Plymouth 
Compact, and was chosen deputy governor in 1621. He 

:•-»- -♦ - 


.4ito iXl^il. If< ,a&l>i •• 


116 m #ceptreb Jtee 

came suddenly a flood of new literature in prose and 
verse, and a quickening of the artistic and religious sen- 
sibilities. The reign of Queen Elizabeth, the dominance 
of the Protestants, and the intellect of Shakespeare glori- 
fied the century to which William Brewster belonged. He 
was four years the senior of the great poet, and seems 
to have been deeply stirred by the spiritual and intel- 
lectual stimulus of the age. He studied two years at 
Cambridge, and entered upon life well equipped for in- 
dependent thought and action. 

He left the university before graduating, and 
entered the service of William Davidson, Scretary of 
State to Queen Elizabeth and Ambassador to Holland. 
It is said that Davidson esteemed him as a son, and made 
him his confidential friend. 

When, in 1584, the Queen made a league with the 
United Provinces, Davidson placed the keys of the town 
of Flushing in the care of William Brewster, and the 
State of Holland presented him with a gold chain. He 
returned to England with Davidson, suffered with him 
the Queen's displeasure, and was both fined and im- 

This was followed by the loss of property and position, 
and he went to Leyden, Holland, with the little company 
of ''Separatists." Here he supported himself by teach- 
ing, using the Latin language as medium. 

The family of William Brewster consisted of his wife, 
Mary, ''Dame Brewster,'' as she is always called, three 
sons : Jonathan, Wrestling, and Love — and four daugh- 
ters. Of these Fear was one ; she came to the colony, in 

1621, in the ship Ann, and became the second wife of 
Isaac Allerton in 1626. 

Jonathan Brewster married . Love Brewster 

married, March 15, 1634, Sarah, daughter of William 
Collier. Love Brewster and his wife, Sarah, had four 
children ; one daughter and three sons. 

Isaac Allerton, second, son of Isaac Allerton and his 
wife. Fear Brewster, was educated at Harvard College, 
and graduated in 1650. About 1654 he moved to Vir- 
ginia and settled on an estate a short distance from the 
homes of Dr. Thomas Gerard, Henry Corbin, and John 
Lee. Here these neighbors built a great banqueting hall 
convenient to their several estates, where gay assem- 
blages of friends might gather together for merry-mak- 

Isaac Allerton was major under Colonel John Wash- 
ington, 1675, and lieutenant-colonel in the Colonial ser- 
vice in 1676 ; was Burgess 1696, and held many other im- 
portant offices. He married Elizabeth ( Willoughby) Col- 
clough, widow of Colonel George Colclough, of West- 
moreland, and daughter of Thomas Willoughby. 

The Willoughby family is closely connected with the 
most stirring periods and events of English history, and 
descends from many of the noble, probably royal, houses 
of Europe. The immediate ancestor claimed by the 
American line is Sir Christopher Willoughby, Knight of 
the Bath, who died in 1448. His son. Lord Willoughby, 
of Parham, married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Sir 
Thomas Heneage. Their son. Lord Charles Willoughby, 
married Margaret, daughter of the Earl of Lincoln. A 

118 O^f ^ctfivtb ^tt 

son of this marriage, Thomas Willoughby, is believed 
to be the father of Colonel Thomas Willoughby (called 
'* Ensign'^ in his first grant of land in Virginia), who 
was bom in England in 1601, and died in England, 1658. 
His wife's name is said to have been Alice 

This Thomas Willoughby came to Virginia before 
1627, and established a home in Elizabeth City County. 
He was a justice for Elizabeth City, 1628; presiding jus- 
tice of Lower Norfolk, March, 1639, and later *Miigh lieu- 
tenant" of the county until 1646 — that is, county lieuten- 
ant, a military title which gave the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel. He was called, in 1639, '* Thomas Willoughby, 
Esq., ' ' and also ' * Captain Willoughby. ' ' He was Burgess 
for the upper part of Elizabeth City, 1629-1639, possibly 
later. He was made a member of the Governor's Coun- 
cil, 1644; this office he held until his death. 

To Thomas Willoughby and his wife, Alice Willoughby, 
was bom, in Virginia, December 25, 1632, Thomas Wil- 
loughby, third. He was educated at the Merchant Tay- 
lors' School, London, England, where he matriculated in 
1644; later he married Margaret Herbert, of Virginia, 
probably the daughter of Richard Herbert. 

To Thomas Willoughby and his wife, Margaret Her- 
bert Willoughby, were bom, Thomas Willoughby, fourth, 
Sarah Willoughby, Elizabeth Willoughby, and another 
daughter, who married Reverend Moses Robertson. 

Elizabeth Willoughby, daughter of Thomas Willough- 
by and his wife, Margaret Herbert, married, as already 
stated, Isaac Allerton, second; their daughter, Sarah 
Elizabeth Allerton, married, as stated above, Hancock 

Lee, their home being ^'Ditchley,'* one of the interesting 
Colonial estates of Virginia. Hancock Lee, like the other 
members of his distinguished family, took a prominent 
part in the political and religious affairs of his section. 
Bishop Meade speaks of a silver communion cup pre- 
sented by him to **ye Parish of Lee," in 1711. It is said 
to be still in use. 

Elizabeth Lee, daughter of Hancock Lee and his wife, 
Sarah Elizabeth Allerton, married Zachary Taylor, son 
of James Taylor and his wife, Martha Thompson. 

To Zachary Taylor and his wife, Elizabeth Lee, were 
born four children — Zachary, Hancock, Richard, and 

Elizabeth Lee Taylor, wife of Zachary and mother of 
these four children, died when quite young, but she was 
a woman of rare culture, firm moral purpose, and left a 
lasting impress upon her children. She doubtless inher- 
ited from her great-grandfather, William Brewster, who 
was a Christian, a scholar, a gentleman, and cultured man 
of affairs, somewhat of the tone and individuality of her 
character, while from the Lees she inherited noble traits 
which in their fullest development, in the character of her 
kinsman, Robert E. Lee, have received a world-wide rec- 

After the death of Elizabeth Lee, her husband, Zachary 
Taylor, married Mrs. Esther Blackburn, widow of An- 
thony Blackburn. 

Of the children of Zachary Taylor and his wife, Eliza- 
beth Lee, Zachary is said to have been a member of Wash- 

120 (^f ^ceptreb yisxt 

ington's command, and later, lieutenant in the Virginia 
militia. He married his cousin, Alice Chew. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Zachary Taylor and his wife, 
Elizabeth Lee, married Thomas Bell and moved to Ken- 

Hancock, son of Zachary Taylor and his wife, Eliza- 
beth Lee, was killed by the Indians in 1774, when accom- 
panying a surveying party sent by General William 
Preston from Fincastle County, Virginia, of which Ken- 
tucky was then a part. 

BicHABD Tatlob, third son of Zachary Taylor and his 
wife, Elizabeth Lee, was bom in Orange County, 
Virginia, April 3, 1741. He was a man of finely 
balanced character, high toned and affectionate, re- 
markable even when a boy for his daring and adven- 
turous spirit, intellectual to an unusual degree, and 
possessed of a loyalty of soul which made him an 
unswerving friend and devoted son. To the close 
of his long and eventful career he spoke often and in 
terms of the deepest reverence and tenderness of the 
young mother called so early from her post of guide 
and instructor. 

At the outbreak of the Revolution, Richard Taylor was 
commissioned as first lieutenant in the first company 
organized in his section of Virginia. He was made cap- 
tain September 6, 1775; major of the Thirteenth Vir- 
ginia Regiment, February 4, 1778; transferred to the 
Ninth Regiment, September 14, 1778, and became lieu- 
tenant-colonel of the Second Virginia Regiment, Decern- 

(if ^ttipbctb ]^t 121 

ber 7, 1779. This rank he held to the close of the war. 
He retired February 12, 1781. 

In 1779, Augast 20th, Colonel Richard Taylor married 
Sarah Dabney Strother (bom December 11, 1760, died 
December 13, 1829), daughter of William Strother (and 
his wife, Sarah Bailey Pannill), of the ancient Strother 
family, presented more fully in * ' Some Notable Families 
of America, ' ' by the author of this volume. Sarah Dab- 
ney Strother Taylor was also descended from the well- 
known Huguenot family of Dabney or D'Aubigne. 

When the War of the Revolution was over. Colonel 
Richard Taylor journeyed with his wife, children, ser- 
vants, and household effects westward to Kentucky. 
Winding in and out of the wild mountains, across the 
trackless forests, where only trees blazed by hardy pio- 
neers marked the way, the goodly company traveled. The 
year 1785 found them settled on a large estate near the 
present city of Louisville, Kentucky. 

Later, when the family circle was complete, the chil- 
dren of the house numbered nine. Hancock, Zachary, 
Joseph, Elizabeth Lee, Sarah, Emily, George, William, 
and Strother. 

These children were cradled, as it were, in war. The 
crack of the rifle, the wild whoop of the Lidian, the cry 
of fierce beasts furnished the music to which their young 
ears were attuned. It is not strange that with their in- 
herited traits and this environment the boys became sol- 
diers and the girls vigorous, well-poised, intelligent 
women. Li the veins of these children flowed the blood 
of heroes and of scholars-; of the Lees, with their record 

122 (^i ^tcptrcb Jtoe 

of knightly service to king and country ; of the Strothers, 
with the reflected influence of their wild, Viking conflicts 
and adventures; of William Brewster, with his battles 
and sacrifices for conscience sake, and of the Willough- 
bys, with their long list of honorable deeds. 

Colonel Richard Taylor himself was a man of unusual 
culture as well as of wealth and social distinction. He 
was intimately acquainted with the classics, knew ''by 
heart" long passages from the early English poets, and 
personally taught his children the rudiments of Latin and 
Greek and higher mathematics. He repeated to them in 
the walks they were wont to take together long selections 
from ancient writers, and stimulated in them a love for 
the truly good and beautiful. His own attention to their 
intellectual development was supplemented by that of 
Elisha Ayers, of Connecticut, who was brought to Ken- 
tucky to take charge of a school for the children of the 
circle of Virginians of which the Taylors were the center. 

Colonel Richard Taylor represented JeflFerson County 
in the conventions of May, 1785 and 1788, was a member 
of the Constitutional Convention in 1792 and 1799, and 
was a member of the legislatures of both Virginia and 
Kentucky, as well as member for four successive terms of 
the Electoral College— 1813, 1817, 1821, 1825. In 1814 
he was appointed naval officer at the Falls of the Ohio, 
in place of John Campbell. 

Of the children of Colonel Richard Taylor and his wife, 
Sarah Dabney Strother Taylor, Hancock Taylor, the eld- 
est, was bom January 29, 1781; died March 29, 1841. 
Married, first, July 8, 1806, Sophia Elizabeth Hoard; 

m ^ttfitth 3^ce 123 

second, August 31, 1814, Annah Homsby Lewis, daugh- 
ter of Nicholas Meriwether Lewis and his wife, Mildred 

William Taylor, U. S. A., surgeon in the United States 
army, bom , died . 

Joseph Pannill Taylor, U. S. A., bom May 4, 1796; 
died June 29, 1864. He married Evelyn, daughter of 
John W. McLean, justice of the Supreme Court of Ohio. 

Elizabeth Lee Taylor, bom January 14, 1792, married 
a cousin, Gibson Taylor. To them were born nine chil- 
dren : Anne Pendleton, who married Frederick Edwards ; 
Sarah Strother, who married Colonel W. R. Jouett, U. S. 
A. ; Eichard Hancock, who died unmarried ; Virginia, who 
married Dr. Burton Randall, U. S. A.; Josephine Pan- 
nill, died unmarried ; Margaret Lewis, late of Annapolis, 
Maryland ; Emily Allison, married General Lafayette Mc- 
Laws; Eliza, who married N. W. Casey; John Gibson, 
first U. S. A., then Captain C. S. A., a gallant soldier who 
died in defense of the ''Lost Cause." 

Zachary Taylor, twelfth President of the United States, 
son of Colonel Richard Taylor and his wife, Sarah Dab- 
ney Strother, was bom September 24, 1784; died July 
29, 1850. He married Margaret Makall Smith, of St. 
Leonard's Creek, Calvert County, Maryland, whose an- 
cestor, Richard Smith, was appointed attorney general 
of that province by Oliver Cromwell, in 1657. 

The children of Zachary Taylor and Margaret Makall 
Smith were four. Ann, the eldest, married Dr. Robert 
Wood, a surgeon in the United States army. Their chil- 
dren were Nina (who married, first, Mr. Boyce; second. 

124 (M §^ttfixth J^ate 

the Prussian consul, Baron Guido von Grabow), John, 
Eobert and Sarah. Sarah, the youngest, resides in Win- 
chester, Virginia. Eobert, a gallant Confederate soldier, 
died some years since in New Orleans, where several of 
his children still reside. John, the eldest son, entered 
the United States navy as a midshipman, in his seven- 
teenth year, and at the opening of the Civil War resigned 
his position and entered the service of the Confederacy. 
With the rank of colonel he served as aide on the staflE of 
his uncle, by marriage, Jefferson Davis, and was with 
General Lee in the fights around Richmond, serving here 
and in other engagements with distinguished gallantry. 
At the close of the war he escaped with General Breck- 
enridge from Florida and crossed to Cuba in an open 
boat. From Cuba he went to Halifax, Nova Scotia, where 
he made his home. Here he became identified with vari- 
ous important enterprises and won the regard and ad- 
miration of its citizens. He was a fine representative of 
the best type of Southern gentleman, possessing a wide 
culture and rare scientific attainments. His son, Lieut. 
Charles Carroll Wood, fell in the fight for British honor 
in the South African war. 

Elizabeth, second child of President Zachary Taylor, 
will long be remembered as one of the most brilliant and 
fascinating of the notable women who have graced the 
White House. As ** Betty Bliss," she was both loved and 
admired, and her grace, ready wit, and varied accom- 
plishments fitted her well for the high position to which 
she was called. She married, first, in 1848, Colonel Will- 
iam Wallace Smith Bliss, of the United States army. 

(&f ^tqrfrei ]Sisitt 125 

He was the son of Captain John Bliss, U. S. A., and his 
wife, Olive Hall Simonds, and was descended from Thom- 
as Bliss, of Hartford, Connecticut, 1635. Colonel Bliss 
was a gallant soldier in the Mexican War, and was pro- 
moted for meritorious action at Palo Alto, Resaca de la 
Palma, and Buena Vista. He was adjutant and military 
secretary of General Zachary Taylor during this war, 
and died some years after its close. 

Elizabeth Taylor Bliss married later Philip Dandridge, 
of Winchester, Virginia, and after his death lived in 
retirement, at Winchester, until her own death, which oc- 
curred in July, 1909. 

Sarah Knox, the third daughter of Zachary Taylor and 
his wife, Margaret Makall Smith, married Lieutenant 
Jefferson Davis, U. S. A., afterward President of the 
Confederate States. Much has been said of this mar- 
riage, and many statements utterly untrue have been cir- 
culated regarding it. Knox Taylor was accomplished 
and beautiful, with both inherited and cultivated mental 
gifts. The children of Zachary Taylor were all sent to 
the best schools in the East, and she knew nothing of 
the hardships and privations of frontier life. For this 
reason the suit of the young lieutenant was not favored. 
General Taylor feeling that his daughter would probably 
not be surrounded by the luxuries to which she had been 

In 1835 she was visiting the various country places of 
her family near Louisville, Kentucky, and her father 
wrote Mrs. Gibson Taylor, his sister, that if Kinox still 
wished to marry Lieutenant Davis he would not longer 

126 (^ #te|rfreb Jtoe 

withhold his consent. Some time elapsed before the mat- 
ter was decided, then a day was appointed for the mar- 

When the members of the family and guests began to 
assemble, Lieutenant Davis himself arrived, in consider- 
able perplexity. The clerk of the court had declined to 
issue the marriage license, upon the plea that the bride- 
elect was under age. Hancock Taylor, her uncle, im- 
mediately returned to the city with Lieutenant Davis and 
procured the license; on their return the ceremony was 
performed by Mr. Ashe, an Episcopal minister. Dr. and 
Mrs. Wood were the nearest relatives of the bride pres- 
ent. Nicholas Lewis Taylor, son of Hancock, and Sally, 
daughter of Mrs. Gibson Taylor, at whose home the bride 
was then sojourning, were the only attendants. It was 
an afternoon wedding, and the bride wore a traveling 
gown and bonnet. A short time after the service she left 
with her husband for his plantation near Vicksburg, and 
here the young bride in less than a year passed away. 

After the marriage of his daughter. General Taylor 
did not meet Lieutenant Davis until both were soldiers 
on the battlefields of Mexico. Here they met as friends 
and comrades, and the most cordial relations existed 
between them to the time of President Taylor's death, 
and afterward, between the Taylor family and Mr. Davis, 
and the gracious lady who became his second wife. 

Richard, fourth child of President Zachary Taylor, was 
bom in New Orleans, January 27, 1826; died in New 
York, April 12, 1879; was educated at Edinburg, Soot- 
land, and at Yale College, where he graduated in 1845. 

m #tc|jtteb ^tt 127 

He went from college to his father's camp in Mexico, and 
served at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. When the 
Civil War began he enlisted at once in the Confederate 
army, and was a gallant soldier throughout the fonr 
years' struggle. 

After the war, in which he attained the rank of lieu- 
tenant general, he spent some time abroad, where he was 
received in the highest official and social circles with 
marked consideration. Later he made his home in New 
Orleans, where he married and left several children. In 
time of peace, as of war, he devoted himself loyally to the 
interests of his section, was a man of distinguished liter- 
ary ability, and wrote one of the most vigorous and strik- 
ing books yet published upon the epoch of the Civil War. 
* * Destruction and Reconstruction ' ' will long hold a place 
among the histories of the period to which it relates. He 
died in New York, 1879, while correcting its proof sheets. 

Zachary Taylor, the father of these children, and the 
twelfth President of the United States, was trained, even 
during boyhood, in the wild warfare of the border, and 
became skilled in the tactics which keen observation, ac- 
curate perceptions, and a wily foe superinduce. 

**01d Rough and Ready" he was called in the early 
days when Indian warfare meant conflict in primeval 
forests of the Western frontier, through swamps and un- 
derbrush, with the fleetest and most treacherous of foes, 
and battle with the pestilent climate in the marshes and 
under the tropic sun of Florida. But this sobriquet has 
been to a certain extent misleading. The emergencies 
presenting themselves during the most trying experi- 

128 (Bf ^tqrfreb J^a 

ences found him ever ** ready*' for their demands. A 
slow fever of five weeks ' duration did not keep him from 
• the saddle a single day. With the heaviest odds in favor 
of the adversary, he was always ready for the fray, and, 
despite the odds, always held the field victorious. 

But ''rough'' he was not. He was utterly indifferent 
to pomp and ceremony, to gaudy regalia or showy uni- 
form. *'He was quiet in expression, strong in action, 
firm in purpose;" unostentatious and modest in manner, 
dress, and personal belongings ; of the most incorruptible 
integrity and the most persistent loyalty to duty. He 
constantly evinced great quickness of perception and fer- 
tility of resource, remarkable wisdom and foresight in 
laying plans, unflagging energy and promptness in exe- 
cuting them. 

He was a man of high ideals, and with unflinching 
rectitude he lived up to them. It was one of his sayings 
that ''the man who cannot be trusted without pledges 
cannot be confided in merely on account of them.'' When 
he had once, after due deliberation, ^^ adopted a resolu- 
tion or formed a friendship, no earthly power could make 
him abate the one nor desert the other." One who knew 
him well remarked that "he was as incapable of sur- 
rendering a conviction as an army." General Humphrey 
Marshall, who served under him, declared, "the more 
closely his life is examined, the greater beauties it dis- 
closes. ' ' General Grant wrote, ' ' It was my Rood fortune 
to serve under General Taylor, and very near him for a 
year before hostilities in the war with Mexico began, and 

(&f §^tt^vth 3^te 129 

during the first year of that war. There was no man liv- 
ing whom I admired and respected more highly." 

Even his enemies, save in the heat of the fight, did not 
find him ** rough.' ^ Their wounded, their dying and dead, 
were treated with the same tenderness, the same respect, 
as the troops he loved so well. His heart was full of sen- 
sibility, and he constantly manifested the keenest sym- 
pathy for those who were unfortunate or suflFering. 

Many good-natured jests, but quite groundless, have 
been circulated during the last few years in regard to his 
education. As has already been stated, in early youth 
his studies were directed by Elisha Ayers, of Connecticut; 
later than this, and whenever it was possible, he was a 
careful and persistant reader, and one who assimilated 
and profited by the wisdom of the best authors. His 
public speeches and dispatches bear favorable compari- 
son with similar documents of his day, and in their sen- 
timents of patriotism are excelled by none. He urged 
the government to pursue such policy as would avoid the 
creation of geographical parties," and insisted upon the 
most intense and unswerving loyalty to the Union. 

His home letters, many of which are still preserved 
among his descendants, not only express the tenderest 
affection and solicitude for his family, but furnish the 
most vivid pictures of the border warfare in which He 
was engaged. 

From Fort Brooks, Tampa Bay, Florida, in August, 
1838, he thus writes to his brother Hancock : 

'*I have returned to this place after an absence of six 
weeks. Most of this time I was daily on horseback, which 

<30 #f ^ttiphtli Jtee 

in the tropical sun, and with the worst of water imag- 
inable for drinking, made the fatigues and privations of 
no ordinary character. The Indians are now broken up 
in small parties and scattered over this immense country, 
secreting themselves in their ahiiost impenetrable swamps 
and hammocks, from which they sally, murdering the first 
unsuspecting traveler or defenseless family they fall 
upon. Had they towns, or even habitations, to defend, 
or could we force thom to join battle with us, the war 
would be brought to a close in a very short time. Un- 
fortunately for us, the enemy have determined to use 
their legs instead of their arms, leaving the climate to 
battle for them. This has proved much more fatal to us, 
and is more to be dreaded than their rifles or scalping 
knives. If nature has made them fleeter of foot than the 
white man, and given them a country where they leave 
no tracks when they fly, it is our misfortune, and not our 
fault. '^ 

There are many strong points of resemblance between 
General Taylor and his second cousin once removed, 
Bobert E. Lee. Each was modest and unassuming, yet 
possessed of indomitable will. Each was marked by un- 
swerving devotion to duty and notable for consideration 
and courtesy toward his inferiors, and each was a mili- 
tary leader with no superior in the annals of American 

On the night of February 23, 1847, when the battle 
of Buena Vista had been fought, and it was supposed 
that hostilities would be resumed in the morning, a coun- 
cil of officers was held, and all advised (General Taylor 

(^ ^tephreb Jtoe i3i 

to fall back to a more advantageous position. **No," he 
replied, **my wounded lie behind me. I will not pass 
them alive.*' 

The Duke of Wellington pronounced Zachary Taylor 
the greatest of modem generals, because, when con- 
fronted at Buena Vista by overwhelming numbers, and 
his coimcil of war strongly advised against a battle, he 
refused their advice, saying, with his characteristic brev- 
ity, ** Gentlemen, I adjourn the council until tomorrow, 
after the battle/' 

It was Taylor's strong personality, his ability to in- 
spire his men with his own spirit, to lift them above the 
paralyzing influences of their surroundings, that made 
possible the victory of six thousand over ten thousand 
protected in a fortified city — of four thousand five hun- 
dred mixed troops over twenty-two thousand trained, 
picked, and splendidly equipped soldiers fighting on their 
own soil. 

Some one has said that *' Zachary Taylor was prob- 
ably the only President to whom the office was an un- 
coveted and unsought boon." This high honor was con- 
ferred in 1848, and was accepted by him as simply an- 
other trust for which in the last day he would be called 
to account. 

The portals of the Executive Mansion opened for its 
new occupant, and only sixteen months had passed when 
the last great enemy challenged the old warrior. This, 
too, found him ready. In the presence of death there 
was no quailing of the eye, no shrinking in the fearless 
heart, of the intrepid old chief. With his characteristic 


132 d^f ^teptreb ]^tt 

simplicity and dignity, he said, calmly, *'I have endeav- 
ored to do my duty. I am not afraid to die. My only 
regret is for the friends I leave behind/' And so he 
died, a js^leani of glory resting npon the furrowed brow, 
the silvered hair. 

To his brother Hancock the old home had passed, and 
here, in the family burial ground, crowning a hill on the 
estate, the old soldier was buried. 

Many of his race had preceded him. The paths were 
overgrown with close-clinging myrtle vines, and blue 
grass, soft and velvety, covered the mounds. An unos- 
tentatious sarcophagus of gray stone was erected, con- 
taining a spacious room, where a marble bust of the dead 
chieftain was placed near the casket. Heavy stone walls 
surrounded the enclosure, and great iron gates barred 
the entrance ; these kept locked, save when another of the 
line claimed a last resting place. 

In 1883 Congress erected a beautiful monument of gray 
granite thirty-four feet in height. Upon this rests the 
capital, surmounted by a colossal statue of Italian marble 
representing the old veteran standing *'at rest.*' 

Martin Farquhar Tupper's lines attest the appreciation 
of the mother country for her American son : 

"I am prepared to die. for I have tried 

To do my duty!" — ^Was it Nelson's twin 

Who spoke so like a hero when he died? 

A Christian hero, with forgiven sin? — 

Yes! it is one, Columbia's honest pride 

(And Motlier England's joy — we claim him, too), 

Who now is gone far other spoils to win 

Than late of Palo Alto — hlgner meed 

Trophies of nobler fame, and praise more true 

Than those a grateful country well decreed 

To her best son; her best and bravest son. 

Rough for the fight, but Heady heart and hand 

To make it up again with victory won, 

In war — and peace — the glory of his land! 

(&f §^ttf^th 3toe 133 

Hancock Taylor, eldest son of Colonel Richard Taylor 
and his wife, Sarah Dabney Strother Taylor, and 
brother of President Zachary Taylor, was bom Jan- 
uary 29, 1781. 

He served in the Indian wars with distinction, and 
was a man of wealth and influence in his community. 

His first wife was Sophia Elizabeth Hoard; to 
them was born one child, William Dabney Strother 
Taylor, who married Jane Pollock Barbour. Their 
children were Sophia, Pollock, Margaret, Manlius, 
Hancock, Alice, and Strother. Hancock and Manlius 
were Confederate soldiers. Their father, William 
Dabney Strother Taylor, died at his home near 
Louisville, Kentucky, March 9, 1891. 

In 1814 Hancock Taylor married his second wife, 
Annah Homsby Lewis, born February 2, 1796 ; died 
August 10, 1882, daughter of Nicholas Meriwether 
Lewis and his wife, Mildred Homsby. 

To Hancock Taylor and his second wife, Annah 
Homsby Lewis Taylor, were born: 

1. Nicholas Lewis Taylor, bom August 13, 1815; 
died August, 1871. 

2. Mildred Taylor, bom March ]6, 1817; died 
March 9, 1893. She married John McLean, son of 
Supreme Judge John Mcljcan, of Oliio. To them 
were bom three sons : Hancock, Nathaniel, and John 
W. McLean. 

3. Eliza Taylor, born June 23, 1822 ; died August, 
1866, married Rev. Jonathan Edwards Spilman. 

»34 (©f l^ttfixth 3^ate 

4. Mary Louise Taylor, bom May 20, 1824; mar- 
ried Archibald Magill Eobinson, May 2, 1843. 

5. Joseph Walker Taylor, bom February 19, 
1826; married, first, Lucy, second, Ellen Bate, sis- 
ters. He was a major under General Basil Duke, C. 
S. A., and was, in 1862, on General Buckner's staflE. 
He was a gallant soldier, and several times danger- 
ously wounded, but lived for some years after the 
close of the Civil War. 

6. Edward Hancock Taylor, bom November 12, 
1827; died October 3, 1895, married Louisa Bar- 

7. Zachary Lee Taylor, bom October 21, 1832; 
died March 10, 1885. He joined the United States 
army in 1861, but owing to ill health was in the ser- 
vice little more than a year. He married Harriet 
Prentice, of Washington City, niece and adopted 
daughter of George D. Prentice, of Louisville, Ken- 

8. Annah Allen Taylor, bom January 6, 1835; 
died September, 1889. She married Charles Theo- 
dore Hawes, of Hawesville, Kentucky. 

9. Robert Homsby Taylor, bom December 22, 
1836, now living in Florida, unmarried. 

10. Samuel Burks Taylor, bom January 20, 
1841; died October 9, 1867, unmarried. He entered 
the Confederate army immediately upon the open- 
ing of hostilities between the States, and as captain 
under General John Morgan was noted for his 

Upon the celebrated raid into Ohio, General Mor- 
gan's command was captnred, and the officers im- 
prisoned in the penitentiary at Columbus. Samuel 
Taylor was one of the principal actors in the famous 
escape from this prison, when General Morgan him- 
self, and five other Confederate officers eluded the 
vigilance of the guards, dug a tunnel reaching under 
and beyond the prison walls, and so escaped. 

It was Captain Taylor who scaled the interior of 
the prison walls, and by observations from the cupo- 
la learned the situation and direction of the outside 
walls, which determined the location of the tunnel. 
It was also Captain Taylor to whom was entrusted 
the signaling of the six other officers on the fateful 
night of escape. When this was accomplished and 
the outside of the last wall reached. Captain Taylor 
and Captain Sheldon remained together. They were 
recaptured at one of the Taylor homes near Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, and were returned to prison, where 
they remained until the close of the war. Captain 
Taylor never recovered from the effects of the pro- 
longed imprisonment, and died about two years after 
his release. 

Hancock Taylor inherited from his father. Colonel 
Richard Taylor, the homestead, **Springfields,'' near 
Louisville, Kentucky, and acquired by his marriage 
with Annah Homsby Lewis a considerable fortune. 
He left to his large family of children a number of 
valuable estates. Of these children only two are now 
living: Robert Hornsby Taylor, who has for some 

136 a^i §^ttftxth ]Sisitt 

years resided in Florida, and Mary Louise Taylor, 
who married Archibald Magill Robinson, son of Rob- 
ert Lyles Robinson and his wife, Katharine Worth- 
ington Goldsborough, of Virginia. To 

Mary Louise Taylor and her husband, Archibald Magill 
Robinson (son of Robert Lyles Robinson and his 
wife, Catharine Worthington Goldsborough), were 

1. Richard Goldsborough Robinson. 2. Lewis Ma- 
gill Robinson. 3. John Hancock Robinson. 4. Annah 
Walker Robinson. 5. Elizabeth Lee Robinson. 6. Rob- 
ert Lyles Robinson. 7. William Brice Robinson. 8. 
Arthur Edwards Robinson. 9. Zachary Taylor Robin- 
son. 10. Alexander Meade Robinson. 11. Henry Wood 

The home of Hancock Taylor and his family, ''Spring- 
fields," to which reference has already been made, was 
five miles from Louisville, Kentucky, and for many years 
the center of a most gracious hospitality. 

The substantial brick structure, with its wide halls and 
spacious rooms, its generous supply of slaves, of horses 
and carriages, seemed ever ready and fully equipped for 
the large parties of guests which constantly thronged its 
portals. In front of the house was a lawn rich in its 
wealth of blue grass and tall, slender locust trees, which 
in time of bloom flooded all the place with insistent fra- 
grance. Here the children danced to violin, guitar, and 
banjo in the hands of dusky musicians who came from the 
** quarters," and played ''Money musk," "The Arkansas 
Traveler," "Nelly Bly,' and kindred melodies; and here. 

in late summer afternoons, assembled for gay talk and 
companionship the happy young men and maidens of 
prominent county families. 

In those days the entertaining of house parties was 
the normal condition of the homes of wealthy Kentucky 
families, and no more charming hosts or hostesses could 
have been found than at ^^Springfields," The western 
wing of the house stretched toward the quaint old gar- 
den, where were pinks and peonies, columbines and for- 
get-me-nots, iris and calycanthus, with tansy and sweet 
thyme. Here were the four o 'clocks, the sensitive plant, 
the tall hollyhocks and snowballs, with the pale pink and 
blue phlox. There were Johnny jump-ups, and roses 
enough to furnish a fete at one picking, and lilies, the tall, 
fair aristocrats of the garden, in spotless robes and with 
their shy hearts hidden deep where the fragrance nestled. 
The old garden disappeared in a tangle of raspberry 
bushes, and these gave way to the far-reacliing orchard 
with its spring, summer, and autumn riches. 

The hillside still slopes from the building to the ice cold 
stream which runs from the spring encased in stone. 
Here was a rock-hewn basin through which the water 
constantly hurried, and here all day long came the pic- 
turesque little maid servants with buckets gracefully bal- 
anced upon their heads, carrying a constant supply of 
fresh water to the house. 

On the further hill, beyond the stream, is still the 
family burying ground. A heavy stone wall, overgrown 
with clinging vines, surrounds the hallowed spot. With- 
in, the space is almost filled with silent tenants, and un- 

138 O^f #teptreb JUte 

der the low-reaching boughs lie many who in life were lov- 
ers, and who in death are not divided. There lie soldiers 
who fonght in the Revolution, there lies a President of 
the United States, there lie soldiers who gave up their 
all for the ''Lost Cause," and there are mothers and 
wives who lived heroic home lives in the old time seclusion 
considered most seemly by the Southern gentlewoman. 
There they all rest in the retirement of this last earthly 
home. Rarely now is the stillness disturbed by voice or 
footstep ; only the birds keep the sleepers company, build 
their nests above them, and carol through all the summer 
days a ceaseless threnode. 


Cokmel (Seor^je JReabe. 

The line of descent as given in the foregoing pages 
belongs to a large number of distinguislied American 
families, and has been followed, generation by generation, 
until in the last chapter it reached the present time, where 
the descent is represented, among many others, by Annah 
Robinson Watson, daughter of Mary Louise Taylor Rob- 
inson, and her husband, Archibald Magill Robinson. 

In continuing this line and presenting others, a brief 
summary of the foregoing historic study, which in a sense 
applies to the subsequent, as well as antecedent pages, 
will prove of value. 

" By some it is claimed that before Rome had her be- 
ginning the great Sea Kings of Phoenicia dominated the 
waves, passed over the Great Sea, and through the ** Pil- 
lars of Hercules," gateway to the beckoning West, and 
trusting their galleys to the untried ocean and challeng- 
ing its mysteries, turned northward and reached the 
fabled lands of which wandering breezes had sung and 
sibyls had prophesied. 

Ancient records declare that these Sea Kings came 
with joy to a new and a fair country, where a war-like 
race gave them battle, that they remained and by con- 
quest or union with the people, possessed themselves of 
much to be desired habitations. 

140 O^f ^teptreb Jtee 

Through the mists overhanging these early centuries, 
which reach back to a period of chaotic obscurity, it is 
sometimes possible to discern here and there, as the more 
brilliant stars are discovere<l in an over-clouded sky, 
personalities and names which have won and have held 
recognition. Upon a background still dim and shad- 
owy appears Lever Maur, **the great light" of the sec- 
ond century; Caractacus, and yet more clearly, Cerdic 
(assigned by Hume to the ninth generation from Odin), 
and Kenneth Mac Alpine. Then in startling effulgence 
is seen Charlemagne, and in fuller glory still Alfred the 
Great. With his appearance the mists like a curtain are 
rolled away and a great country and a gi*eat people — 
the stage and the actors — are in the forefront of the 

While the royal line as presented in earlier pages 
reaches back to remote, or it may be said, to legendary 
ages, the exact student is content to make Cerdic, Alfred's 
undoubted ancestor, his rallying point. The generations 
between these two monarchs have already been given, 
also those between Alfred, and Margaret Atheling, who 
married Malcolm, King of Scotland, called ''Canmore'* 
(this affix said to have been derived from two Irish 
words, ''Ceann Mor," signifying 'Marge head"). 

Malcolm was descended on the paternal side from Ken- 
neth Mac Alpine, and his mother was a daughter of the 
famous Siward, Earl of Northumberland. This Siward 
was one of the most illustrious Earls of his time, and one 
of the most powerful allies (he could scarcely be called 
a subject) of the English sovereign. 

. Ill •■: . J. 

h < 

• /•'• •• 

• t- 


"" v"" 




' "■• • 

* 4- 


^ . .., ., ... 

142 (if ^ttipitth J^ate 

through two sons, Lionel, Duke of Clarence, and John of 
Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. 

While all historic descent is interesting, that under 
consideration, on account of its dual and triple royal 
lines, and since it reaches so large a circle of well-known 
Americans, may well be emphasized. 

In such a lineage the number of royal ancestors would 
be difficult to compute, and the result of such computa- 
tion would not materially affect the present study, but 
the various noble families represented should receive 
full recognition. 

It is worthy of note that the line given descends from 
Alfred the Great to Edward the Third, through the RUL- 
ING LINE without a break ; that is, it reaches his gen- 
eration without leaving the royal line. It will readily 
be seen that this fact is for various reasons significant. 
The marriage alliances of the royal family throughout 
this period were largely with the royal families of other 
countries; necessarily these marriages conferred upon 
lineal descendants brilliant and interesting connections 
in these various countries. Considering England, only, 
after the descent leaves the ruling line, the connections 
are most illustrious. 

The Princess Joan Plantagenet, daughter of Edward 
the First, married Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester 
and Hertford ; their daughter, Margaret de Clare, mar- • 
ried Hugh de Audley; their daughter, Margaret de Aud- 
ley, married Ralphe, Earl of Stafford ; a son of this mar- 
riage, Hugh, Earl of Stafford, married Lady Philippa de 
Beauchamp, daughter of Henry, third Earl of Warwick ; 

(if ^ttfivth Jtee 143 

Margaret de Stafford married, as first wife, Sir Balphe 
de Neville, first Earl of Westmoreland. Those repre- 
sented in this chapter descend from two of Balphe de 
Neville's children, his daughter, Eleanor de Neville (who 
married Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland), and his 
son, Ealphe de Neville, who married Lady Mary de Fer- 
rers. A son of this latter marriage, John de Neville, 
married Lady Elizabeth Newmarch and had Joan de 
Neville, who married Sir William Gascoigne (great- 
grandparents of Lady Anne Talbois, who married Sir 
Edward Dymoke). 

A son of this marriage, William Gascoigne, married 
(as shown elsewhere), Margaret Percy, a daughter of 
Sir Henry Percy and his wife, Eleanor Poynings. A son 
of this latter marriage. Sir Henry Percy (a brother of 
Margaret Percy, who married William Gascoigne), mar- 
ried Lady Matilda, daughter of Sir William de Herbert, 
Earl of Pembroke. Five generations later, in direct de- 
scent, was Mary Cholmondeley, who married Honorable 
Reverend Henry Fairfax, of Oglethorpe. They were an- 
cestors of the distinguished Fairfax family of Virginia, 
who through them trace lineal descent from Alfred the 
Great and Charlemagne. 

From many of the most distinguished families, no- 
tably those of Percy, Neville, de Beauchamp, and War- 
wick, the line presented in this chapter is derived many 
times over, and among these lines perhaps none presents 
richer nor more picturesque historic significance than 
the house of Warwick. 

The Earls of Warwick are closely connected with the 

•44 #f ^teptreik Jtoe 

history of the English nation, and have been pre-eminent 
since early Saxon days, when it is said the Saxon Earls of 
Warwick sliowed upon their standard the *'Bear and 
ragged staff, ' ' which have ever since been blazoned among 
the proudest armorial l)earings claimed by the English no- 
bility. The Newburghs, de Beauchamps, and some of the 
de Nevilles have borne it, though the ancestral device of 
the latter was, as described by Drayton: 

''Upon his surcoat valiant Neville bore 
A silver Sal tire upon martial red,^^ 

The *' Sal tire," being a cross in the shape of the let- 
ter ''X.'' 

The British are known to have had a settlement upon 
the site of Warwick Castle, before the Saxons dispos- 
sessed them, and the last of the Saxon Earls holding 
feudal sway over the estate is said to have been Thurkill. 
About the time of the Norman Conquest the great Tower, 
the Tower of Caesar, was built, and later, Guy's Tower, 
overlooking the other, with its walls ten feet thick, was 
erected by Thomas Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. 

The great legendary hero of the house of Warwick was 
Sir Guy, though he was not bom to the ancestral honor, 
but acquired it by marriage. About him has gathered a 
cycle of romance and tradition as interesting as the most 
extravagant fairy tales, and yet he is a purely English 
hero, not to be confused with those of the Arthurean, nor 
of the French cycle, which centers about Charlemagne. 
In early days, when printing was yet rare, and books, 
very scarce, the Chap-men peddled the tiny **Chap 

(©f ^teptreb JSisxt >45 

books" about England, and many of these contained 
stories relating to this Sir Guy of Warwick. 

He was known as the Champion of King Athelstane, 
when the monarch was old and feeble, as the slayer of 
the giant Colbrand, in wager of battle, when the Danes 
beseiged the city of Winchester, and as a knight, the 
greatest of Christendom, whose deeds of valor were sung 
by minstrels and recounted by the younger knights with 
envy and admiration. The ballad below touches briefly 
the central legend relating to his life : 

Sir Guy o' Warwick hied him then 

To Athelstane, the goodlye kinge, 
An' cried aloud, mi liege, mi lord. 

The Danes, they with them Colbrand bringe, 
Aye, Colbrand, him of giant breed, 

I'll battel give the doughte knave. 
For now they threat thy owne faire towne. 

An* by mi troth. Til cast mi glaive. 

Then good Sir Guy his ladye kist. 

An' went his way in armour dighte, 
**rve vow'd a vowe, mi ladye faire, 

I goc to give Sir Colbrand fighte." 
•*Ah, woe is me," his ladye sayde, 

"Mi deare, doare lord, to go from mee, 
Now, take this ring, a token fond. 

That thou wilt love me faith fullee." 

Then Guy his gage he flung him downe. 

An' Colbrand, with his giant blade 
Rushed forth to hew him to the ground 

As had he with a strippling playd. 
From rise of sun, to set of sun. 

They fought, fierce Colbrand and Sir Guy, — 
Then sudden stroke, the giant fell, 

In fearful plight they saw him die. 

146 (^f ^ttfivtb J^ace 

An* then Sir Guy, he knelt him downe, 

Upon the sodden bloody lea, 
A vowc he vowed before the corse, 

Tliat from this day a hermit, he, — 
Then back he went in hermit's guise. 

In humble cot, near Warwick's Tower 
He dwelt, nor saw his ladye's face, 

Though oft for her his heart was dour. 

Her bread he ate, her wine he drank, 

As humblest pilgrim at her door, — 
He'd vow'd a vowe, he might not speake 

iSave to the beads he counted o'er; — 
Hut came a day when death drew nigh 

To Guy of Warwick, then the ring 
From next his heart he sent to her 

An' prayed it back herself would bringe. 

Then sore his ladye wept and moaned, 

"O, Guy o* Warwick, fausc the tale 
They told to mee, that thou had'st gone 

An* loved mee not!" Her bitter wail 
Near drew him back from death's embrace,- 

He could but clasp her hand and saye, — 
**I vow'd a vowe I needs must keep, 

I'll love mi love, for aye and aye." 

These lines cannot claim a great antiquity, but are true 
to the period and legend. 

While there is so much of a legendary character con- 
nected with Sir Guy, Earl of Warwick, and while he 
came to the title by marriage, and not by birth, as did 
also the ''king maker," Richard de Neville, it is doubt- 
less true that he did live, and that being noted above 
others of his generation for deeds of prowess, an excess 
of chivalrous performances were accredited to him, and 
that in this way he became the center and hero of many 

impossible achievements. However this may be, he was 
claimed by all early generations of the de Newburgh, and 
de Beauchamp families, as their ancestor. 

Among other interesting ancestors which appear after 
the line leaves the royal house are the Dymokes of Scriv- 
elsby Manor, to whom reference was made in earlier 
chapters. Among the Dymoke ancestors are Sir Hugh 
Placetis, Lord of Codlington, Warton, and Hook Nor- 
ton; Lord Phillip Marmion, Sir Thomas Ludlow, and 
Lord Welles (who married Lady Joan Waterton). He 
was fifth in descent from Edward the Third and his sec- 
ond wife, Margaret of France, and was the great-great- 
grandfather of Sir Edward Dymoke,who married Lady 
Anne Talbois. 

As already stated, the line under consideration has now 
been brought down to Annah Robinson Watson, daughter 
of Mary Louise Taylor Robinson and her husband, Arch- 
ibald Magill Robinson. Her paternal ancestors, Robin- 
son, Goldsborough, Worthington, Lyles, Beale, and oth- 
ers, will appear in another chapter. Her Brewster, 
Allerton, Willoughby, Lee, Taylor, Homsby, Strother, 
Thornton, Walker, Reade, and Lewis lines, also appear 
elsewhere in this volume. 

Annah Robinson Watson was born on the family estate, 
' ' Springfields, " near Louisville, Kentucky, where 
her great-grandfather. Colonel Richard Taylor, and 
many other members of the family, including her 
great uncle. President Taylor, are buried. She is the 
author of **Some Notable Families of America,*' 
''On the Field of Honor," ''A Royal Lineage,'' 

"48 #f ^tt^th Jtee 

** Passion Flowers," **TIie Champion Maid," and **The 
Victory," a poem only recently from the i)re8S, which has 
been received with distinguished consideration. 

She married, October 5th, 1870, James Henry Watson, 
of Holly Si)rings, Mississii)pi, son of Honorable John 
William Clark Watson, and his wife, Frances Katharine 
Davis Watson, both of Virginia, and whose families are 
presented in another chapter. 

Six diildren were born to Annah Robinson Watson 
and her husband, James Henry Watson. Of these, two 
died in infancy, John William Clark Watson, and Louise 
Taylor Watson. Four reached maturity. 
Archibald Robinson Watson, FjSQ., of New York City. 
James Henry Watson, Junior, of New York City, who ap- 
pears in another chapter. 

Katharine Davis Watson (Mrs. P]ugene Early, Junior, 
of Memphis, Tennessee), and 

Elizabeth Lee Watson (Mrs. Joe Johnston Lowrey, of 
New Orleans, Louisiana.) These four children were 
bom in Holly Springs, Mississippi. 
Katharine Davis Watson was married in Memphis, 
Tennessee, at the family residence, October 18th, 1905, 
Bishop Thomas F. Gailor officiating, to Eugene Early, 
Junior, a son of Eugene Early, of Waco, Texas, and his 
wife, Patty Mc. Intire. Eugene Early, Junior, is a grand- 
son of the late Captain Jeremiah Allen Early, of Char- 
lottesville, Virginia, and his wife, Mildred Wood, who 
was a great-granddaughter of Colonel Robert Lewis, of 
''Bel voir," Virginia. Through the Lewis and Beade 

lines, Eugene Early, Junior, descends, as does his wife, 
Katharine Davis Watson Early, from Alfred the Great, 
Charlemagne, and the other royal and noble houses pre- 
sented in the lineal descent already given in these pages. 
He is also descended from the St. Leger line, from the 
Alexanders, and Sir Dudley Digges. 

Elizabeth Lee Watson, was married at the family resi- 
dence in Memphis, Tennessee, August 3, 1903, the late 
Reverend Frederick P. Davenport officiating, to Joe 
Johnston Lowrey, of Blue Mountain, Mississippi, now of 
New Orleans, Louisiana. 

The Lowrey family is of old Scotch-Irish stock, and 
the name has been spelled Lowrie, Lowry, and Lowrey, 
but the American family under consideration has been 
scrupulously careful to use the form which gives an **e*' 
in the final syllable. 

A John Lowry went from Scotland to Ireland, about 
1690, and settled in tlie County of Tyrone. His grand- 
son, Galbreath Lowry, member of Parliament for Ty- 
rone, married Sarah, daughter of John Corry; their 
daughter, Anne Lowry, married William Willoughby 
Cole, first Earl of Enniskillen. A son of this marriage, 
Armar Lowrey, was elevated to the peerage of Ireland, 
1781, as Baron Belmore, of Castle Coole, County of Fer- 
managh. He married Lady Margaret Butler, daughter 
of the Earl of Carrick. 

It is not known whether the American Lowreys ap- 
pearing in this chapter descend from the family men- 
tioned above, but both were Scotch-Irish, both belonged 

150 #f ^ttfixth JUte 

to the ** gentry class,*' and direct descent may be proved 

The first of the line in this country was Adam Lowrey, 
who with two brothers came to America late in the eigh- 
teenth century. They established homes in Tennessee, 
and in 1809, Adam Lowrey married Margaret Doss, a 
young girl whose life was the centre of a romance most 
picturesque and interesting. Her mother, Margaret 
Shields, was bom in England, where she lived until her 
twelfth year in a home of wealth and luxury. But ques- 
tions connected with a rich inheritance arose, for which 
an aunt, next to this child, seems to have been the claim- 
ant. The child suddenly disappeared, no trace of her 
was found, and her fate remained a mystery for years. 

8he had been stolen by this aunt, carried to a seaboard 
town, where a sea captain was hired to transport her 
to America. She landed in safety on this side of the 
ocean, and was given to a New England family, who 
treated her most kindly, and with whom she remained 
many years. When still young she met and became en- 
gaged to a Mr. Doss. The time for the marriage was 
near at hand when a summons came from England. Her 
father had discovered her abode, and wished her imme- 
diate return; the old home, wealth and much else calcu- 
lated to dazzle a young mind waited for her on the other 
side of the Atlantic, but as their acceptance might mean 
a relinquishment of the ties formed on this side, and a 
postponement or entire abandonment of the marriage so 
soon to be consummated, the offer was declined; the 

(if ^ttfivtb JUte 151 

marriage took place, and a daughter of this marriage, 
Margaret Doss, became the wife of Adam Lowrey. 

Twelve children were bom to Adam Lowrey and his 
wife, Margaret Doss Lowrey; when the youngest was 
only three months old, while on a journey to New Or- 
leans, he died near Natchez, Mississippi, and was buried 
there. Among these children was Mark Perrin Lowrey, 
who, in 1846, when only eighteen years of age, enlisted 
for the Mexican War. The war closed in 1847, so he 
served only one year. 

In 1849, before he was twenty-one, he married Sarah 
Holmes, a daughter of Isham Holmes and his wife, who 
was a Miss Jones. 

Shortly after this date news was received of the death 
in England of the grandfather of Margaret Doss, wife 
of Adam Lowrey, and their children decided to claim 
their portion of the fortune, six million dollars, which be- 
longed to the heirs. Before arrangements for this step 
were completed the war between the States had begun 
and all private interests were forgotten in the absorbing 
claims of patriotism. Mark Perrin Lowrey at once en- 
tered the service of the Confederacy, and upon the many 
bloody battlefields of his native State, Tennessee, and 
other portions of the South, proved himself a hero and a 
scion worthy of the noblest of houses. 

He was called *Hhe gallant preacher soldier,** for 
when in camp, he preached to his men and made every 
effort to influence them toward a religious life, yet in 
action on the battlefield he was stem, determined, and 
unfaltering. Not only his bravery in the fight, but the 

(Bf #tqrfreb JRate i55 

Bryan Robinson, Esq., of New York City, now of Paris, 
France, and has three children, Roslyn Robinson, John 
Randolph Robinson, and George Rowland Robinson), and 
Thomas Benedict O'Neil, Second. 

The late Thomas Benedict O'Neil was a son of Owen 
Roe O'Neil, who belonged to the distinguished Irish fam- 
ily of that name. He came to America eariy in the last 
century, spent a short time in Virginia, and in 1816 
settled in Utica, New York, where he made his home, and 
where he died, in 1875. His first wife was Catherine 
Campbell, his second, Marianne Manahan, a first cousin 
of Anne Louise Manahan, the wife of the Earl of Leslie 
(who was distinguished in military as well as social cir- 

There is much of picturesque as well as historic interest 
connected with this ancient family of O'Neil, but only 
very brief mention can be made (either in this chapter or 
another, where the family appears), of the fascinating 
material relating to them, which awaits the student of 
old Irish annals. 

Very few families bear today, even approximately, the 
name by which they were known a thousand or more 
years ago, but the 'Neils, with very slight change in 
spelling, have been known as such since the days of 
Scythian supremacy. Niul, tlie first of the line, or so 
claimed by ancient historians, lived some four genera- 
tions after the flood. His descent is traced through Mile- 
sius, who is said to have gone first to Spain, then to Ire- 
land, where his son, Heremon, became king and was suc- 
ceeded many generations later by Niall the Great, cele- 

156 (B( ^teptreh JIace 

brated as the Hy-Niall, or *'Niall of the Nine Hostages/' 
A son of this Niall was Eoghan, translated Eugene, also 

The 'Neills had their chief seat in early days at Dun- 
gannon, and were kings of Ulster and princes of Tyrone. 
One of the notable rulers of the name was Neil Buadh, 
the latter name, **Euadh," meaning *'red," and in its 
later form, being **Roe/' 

The inauguration exercises customary when **The 
O'Neil," was elevated to office were performed at Tul- 
laghoge, in the barony of Dungannon, where a rude seat of 
large stones served as the ancestral chair of coronation. 
Here he was invested by one of his nobles with a golden 
sandal, this being a significant feature of the function. 

The 'Neils have been loyal, to a marked degree, to 
the faith of their fathers, that of the Roman Church, and 
quite as much so to the many successive efforts for the 
freedom and independence of their people. In the time 
of Edward the Third, O'Neil, king of Ulster, sent an 
impassioned appeal to his holiness, the Sovereign Pontiff, 
John, asking protection from the English. O'Neil, prince 
of Tyrone, in the time of Elizabeth, was a notable ex- 
ample of loyalty, nobility and sagacity. His warning 
to Essex, in connection with the six weeks' truce, was elo- 
quent, magnanimous and prophetic. 

The famous Owen Roe O'Neil, who died at Clough 
Oughter Castle, November 6, 1649, was commander-in- 
chief of the Irish Confederates in Ulster, against Crom- 
well, and among the last to make a stand for the liberty 
of his country. A pathetic ballad, called ''Lament for 

(if ^teptreh ^t »57 

the Death of Owen Roe O'Neil," gives the name with 
only one **1," as it has always appeared in the records of 
Owen Roe O'Neil, who settled in Utica, New York, in 
1819. The lines thrill with a sorrowful appeal: 

"Did they dare, did they dare, to slay Owen Roe CNeilT" 
Yes, they slew with poison him they feared to ro^t with steel. 
May God wither up their hearts! May their blood cease to flow! 
May they walk in living death, who poisoned Owen Roe! 

Though it break my heart to hear, say again the bitter words. 
From Derry, against Cromwell, he marched to measure swords; 
But the weapon of the Saxon met him on his way, 
And he died at Cloc Uactair, upon Saint Leonard's Day. 

Sagest in the council was he, kindest in the hall; 
Sure we never won a battle — 'twas Owen won them all. 
Had he lived, had he lived, our dear country had been free; 
But he's dead, but he's dead, and 'tis slaves well ever be. 

Soft as woman's was your voice, O'Neill Bright was your eye, 
Oh, why did you leave us, Owen? Why did you die? 
Your troubles are all over — you're at rest with God on high; 
But we're slaves, and we're orphans, Owen! Why did you die? 

The home of Owen Roe O'Neil, of Utica, New York, 
was distinguished for elegance and refinement. There 
were many family paintings and a large library marked 
with the family book plate showing the O'Neil crest, 
which, as is well known, was ''The Red Hand of Ulster, '* 
mentioned elsewhere. A pathetic incident connected 
with this family heraldic device, and showing that 
it was familiarly known to the grandchildren of 
Owen Roe O'Neil, occurred when Eugene Carroll O'Neil, 
mentioned above, was a child of eleven. Upon the arm of 
a bisque doll belonging to his little sister, he wrote '*The 
Red Hand of Ulster," and this he suspended by a cord 

158 (B( #teptreb JRace 

to his mother's writing desk. Young Carroll O'Neil, of 
whom a miniature of wonderful beauty is preserved by 
the family, died when nineteen years of age; the little 
bisque arm, showing his writing, remains. 

Thomas Benedict O'Neil, son of Owen Roe O'Neil, of 
Utica, New York, was appointed by Mr. Cleveland, Con- 
sul General to Norway and Sweden, and his family es- 
tablished a home in Stockholm, in 1892, when the present 
king was Crown Prince. Americans were very popular 
at the Swedish court, and members of the family of Con- 
sul O'Neil were recipients of many courtesies extended 
by the royal and court circles. 

As already stated, Archibald Robinson Watson, Esq., 
of New York City, married Margaret Percival O'Neil. 
Their children are Annah Robinson Watson, bom in New 
York City, July 20, 1906, and 

Archibald Robinson Watson, Junior, bom in New York 
City, January 6th, 1908. 
From Alfred the Great and other royal ancestors to 
Annah Robinson Watson, Archibald Robinson Watson, 
Junior, and William Watson Lowrey (son of Elizabeth 
Lee Watson Lowrey, and her husband, Joe Johnston 
Ijowrey), lineal descent is herein given. 


'^ttnttixib Robert Jiost. 

For the descendants of Charlemagne, as well as for 
the world in general, tlie haze of a thousand years 
and more has rendered vague and uncertain the concep- 
tion of this most wonderful of heroes ; it can not fail to 
clear away the mists, to a limited extent at least, to learn 
something of his personal appearance as described by an 
ancient chronicler. 

According to this writer, Charlemagne was of inunense 
height, but well proportioned and graceful in bearing. 
His complexion was fair and ruddy; his eyes like those 
of a lion, and sparkling as a carbuncle; his expression 
was gentle, not unkind, and his face, set in a frame of 
bright auburn hair. He was wise and clever in battle, 
liberal in his gifts, just in his laws, and most trust- 
worthy in his words. His personality was of such trans- 
cendent force that not only his own generation and people 
yielded to its dominance, but all the generations since 
have borne testimony to its strength and power. 

One of the unique objects still in existence, and 
claiming close association with Charlemagne, is the rose 
tree of Hildesheim, Germany. It is said to have been 
planted by the emperor himself, and under all the vary- 
ing conditions since, exposed to men of all nations and 
creeds, it has been respected and cared for by each gen- 

>60 m iftqrfreb l^ace 

eration in its turn. The body of the tree is as large as 
that of a man, the great limbs reaching out and up are 
supported by clamps. It is now enclosed by an iron rail- 
ing, said to have been placed there by the soldiers of 

Bernard, King of Italy, was a grandson of Charle- 
magne, and a great-grandson of King Bernard was 
Herbert Second, Count op Vermandois, who married 
Hildebrand, daughter of Robert, Duke of France. A 
son of this marriage, 
Albert First, Count op Vermandois, married the Prin- 
cess Gerberga, of Germany, and a great-great-grand- 
daughter of this marriage, 
Adfxheid de Vermandois, married Hugh, Duke of France, 
son of Henry First, King of France. Their daugh- 

Isabel, or Elizabeth, de Vermandois, married William, 
Earl of Warren and Surrey. A daughter of this 

Ada, or Adama, de Warren, married Henry, Prince of 
Scotland, who was a grandson of Malcolm Canmore, 
and his wife, Margaret Atheling. A son of Ada de 
Warren and her husband. Prince Henry of Scotland, 

David, Earl of Huntington, who married Maud, daugh- 
ter of the Earl of Chester. A daughter of this mar- 

IsABP^L, Married Robert Bruce, Lord of Axmandale, and 
their son, 

Robert Bruce, Lord of Annandale, married Isabel de 
Clare. A son of this marriage, 

Robert Bruce, Lord of Annandale, married Margaret, 
Countess of Carrick. Their son, Robert Bruce, be- 
came King of Scotland. Their daughter, 

Mary, married Sir Alexander Eraser, Chancellor of Scot- 
land. A son of this marriage was 

Sir John Fraser, and his daughter, 

Lady Margaret Phaser, married Sir William Keith, Great 
Marshal of Scotland. A daughter of this marriage, 

Elizabeth Eraser, married Sir Adam de Gordon, and 
their daughter, 

Elizabeth Gordon, married Sir William de Seton. A 
son of this marriage, 

Alexander de Seton, assumed the name of Gordon, and 
his son, 

Alexander Gordon, first Earl of Huntley, married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of William, Lord Critchton. Their 

Margaret Gordon, married Hugh Rose, of **Kilravock,'' 
and sixth in descent from this marriage, was 

John Rose, who died in 1724, and who married Margaret 
Grant, of Whitetree. Their son. 

Reverend Robert Rose, was bom at Wester Alves, Scot- 
land, February 12, 1704. He was ordained by the 
Bishop of London, and came to Virginia in 1725, 
where he had charge of St. Anne's Church in Albe- 
marle County. His personality was strong and force- 
ful, and fitted him well for life in a new country dur- 
ing its period of transition. He was a leader in the 
momentous events of his time, an exemplary citizen, 
and a faithful teacher of the gospel. 

162 m ^ceptreb ^tt 

In 1735 he discovered the Tye River, a branch of 
the James, and by order of the Council was granted 
an immense tract of land on its banks. He married 
in 1740 (as second wife) Ann, daughter of Colonel 
Henry Fitzhugh, of Virginia. He died in Richmond, 
June 30, 1751, and was buried in old St. John's 
churchyard, where a monument erected to his mem- 
ory by a loving people is inscribed: **May his pos- 
terity emulate his virtues.*' 

Among the earliest records of the Fitzhugh family 
is mentioned Bardolph, lord of Ravcnscroft, who is 
said to have been their ancestor. This Bardolph 
was settled on his estate at the time of the Norman 
Conquest, and was not disturbed by William the 
Norman. The name Fitzhui2:h is found upon many 
ancient records of deeds of heroism and bravery. 
At Crecy, Poictiers, and Agincourt, they took part, 
and two of them went with Richard Coeur de Leon to 
the Holy Land. 

William Fitzhugh, the emigrant, was an earnest 
Christian and a devoted son. In a letter to his 
mother, who remained in England, he wrote: ** Be- 
fore I was ten years old, as I am sure you will re- 
member, I looked upon life as but going to an Inn, 
and no permanent being. By God's grace, I con- 
tinue the same good thoughts and notions, therefore 
am always prepared for my dissolution." 

In another letter he mentions the seal sent by his 
brother in England, engraved with the family arms. 
The Virginia estates owned by William Fitzhugh 

(B( #tepftreb ^tt i63 

were ''Eagle's Nest,'* ''Bedford,'' "Bel Aire," 
' ' Boseobel ' ' and ' ' Marmion. ' ' A study of the names 
of early Virginia homes would doubtless revive many 
interesting and significant traditions, and among 
these Fitzhugh homes, the name of "Boseobel" re- 
calls a most pathetic, incident in the life of the ill- 
fated boy king, Charles the Second, who was crowned 
when only twenty-one, and immediately entered upon 
troublous times. After the defeat of Worcester, 
with a reward of a thousand crowns offered 
by Parliament for his head, he hastened through 
darkness and storm on foot, and enduring almost 
every privation, to seek some place of safety. To 
"Boseobel" they went, he and his humble attendant, 
honest William Penderel; to "Boseobel," called 
"the house in the fair wood," but in the house he 
might not rest nor be sheltered, and his first repose 
was in the branches of a giant oak near by, where he 
slept concealed with a loyal knight keeping guard. 
Once the soldiers of Cromwell passed beneath the 
branches of the oak, but did not discover the fugitive. 
Whether "Boseobel," in Virginia, was named for 
this old home, and whether the name had any special 
associations for the Fitzhugh family, is not known. 
Ann Fitzhugh, a granddaughter of Colonel William 
Fitzhugh, as already stated, married Reverend Rob- 
ert Rose, and their son, 

Hugh Rose, married Caroline Matilda Jordan. A son of 
this marriage, 

Robert Henby Rose, married Frances Taylor Madison, 

164 d^f ^ttfitth 3Rate 

daughter of Colonel James Madison and his wife, 
Nelly Conway Madison. The lines of descent here 
introduced are connected with some of the most dis- 
tinguished in this countrj\ The Taylor family, which 
includes the Thompson, is fully presented elsewhere 
in these pages. The Madison line is that which fur- 
nished a President to the United States; the Conway 
traces back to P]dwin Conway and his wife, Martha 
Eltonhead Conway (of Lancaster County, Virginia, 
and Worcester County, England), whose son, Edwin 
Conway, married, as second wife, Elizabeth Thomp- 
son; their son, Francis Conway, bom 1697, married 
Rebecca Catlett, daughter of Colonel John Catlett 
and his wife, Elizabeth Gaines. A daughter of this 
marriage, Eleanor Rose Conway, born January 9, 
1731, died February 11, 1829, married Colonel 
James Madison, son of Ambrose Madison and his 
wife, Frances Taylor Madison (a daughter of James 
Taylor and his wife, Martha Thompson). As al- 
ready stated, Frances Taylor Madison married Dr. 
Robert Henry Rose. A daughter of this marriage, 

Nkllie Conway Rose, married Captain John Newman, a 
son of Sir Francis Newman of England, who upon 
coming to America made his home in Maryland. A 
daughter of this marriage, 

Mary Frances Newman, married her cousin, James Rose, 
a son of James Rose and his wife, Elizabeth Price 
Taliaferro, and a grandson of Patrick Rose (who 
was a son of Reverend Robert Rose and his wife, Ann 
Fitzhugh), and his wife, Mary Nicholas. This Mary 

Nicholas was a granddaughter of Colonel Joshua 
Fry and his wife, Judith Micou, also of Elizabeth 
Carter and her second husband, Dr. George Nicholas. 
The lines of ancestry represented by the names here 
given are mpst distinguished. The Taliaferros de- 
cend from an ancient Norman family. Joshua Fry 
was a man of conspicuous ability and of the Nich- 
olas family Randall says: *'They were powerful in 
talents, powerful in probity, powerful in numbers 
and unity. *' The Carter line, of ''King Carter" de- 
scent, traces back through Sarah Ludlow, as shown 
elsewhere in this volume, to the royal houses of 

Among the children of Mary Frances Newman and 
her husband, James Rose, are William Arthur Rose, 
who married Ella Baggett; Doctor Francis Newman 
Rose, who married Mary E. Clements, and 

Nelly Conway Rose, who married the late William T. 
Baggett, a distinguished lawyer of California, where 
the family home has beeu established for many years. 
The only child of this marriage is 

Nell Rose Baggett. 

Other descendants of Reverend Robert Rose, are 
Judge U. M. Rose, of Little Rock, Arkansas; Mar- 
garet Shepherd Rogers and Emma Newman Rogers, 
of Memphis, Tennessee, and Josephine Elizabeth 
Wheelock and Mary Byrd Gillespie, the last two, 
adopted daughters of the late George Gillespie, 
Bishop of Western Michigan. 

arifapter ^ttielftl| 

i dLolnnel (&tov^t ^eabt. 





The descent from Alfred the Great to Henry the Third, 
King of England, has already been given. A son of the 
latter. Prince Edmund Plantagenet, married Blanche 
(widow of Henry the First of Navarre) and daughter of 
Robert, Count of Artois, and his wife, Lady Matilda of 
Brabant. Robert, Count of Artois, was a son of Louis 
the Eighth of France and his wife, Blanche of Castile. 

Louis the Eighth, King of Prance, sumamed ''Le 
Leon," was a son of Philip Augustus, and bom in 1187, 
died in 1226. He married Blanche, daughter of Alphonso 
Eighth of Castile, and his wife, Eleanor, of England, and 
hence a granddaughter of Henry the Second of England. 

The character of Louis the Eighth was marked by 
great personal bravery, but his reign was too short for 
the accomplishment of such achievements as his ability 
would doubtless have made possible. He was invited to 
England by the Barons as a result of their dissatisfac- 
tion with King John, and was there offered the English 
Crown, but owing to the death of John and the growth of 
interest in his young son, the enterprise failed. 

The wife of Louis the Eighth, Blanche of Castile, was 
a princess of noble and exalted character, as well as one 
of exceptional ability. She served as Regent during her 
husband's absence on a crusade, and later, after his death. 

(M ^teptreb JRate i67 

during the minority of her young son, Louis the Ninth. 
Few women wearing the crown of a kingdom so wisely, 
have also worn the crown of motherhood so beautifully as 
did Blanche of Castile, and if at times she appeared 
somewhat sensitive or jealous of her young son's aflfec- 
tion for others, this, it would seem, might well be par- 
doned, when it is clearly evidenced that the keynote of 
her life was devotion to the highest good of this son. 
Henry, Earl of Lancaster, son of Edmund Plantagenet 
and his wife, Blanche of Artois, married Lady Maud 
de Chaworth (a daughter of Sir Patrick Chaworth 
and his wife, Lady Isabel de Beauchamp), and a 
daughter of this marriage. Lady Maude Plantagenet, 
married Sir William de Brugh, Earl of Ulster; and 
their daughter. Lady Elizabeth de Brugh, married 
Lionel, Duke of Clarence, third son of Edward the 
Third and his wife, Philippa, of Hainault. A daugh- 
ter of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, and his wife, Eliza- 
beth de Brugh (or de Burgh, according to Hume), 
Lady Phiuppa Plantagenet, who was thus a great-grand- 
daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, married Ed- 
mund de Mortimer, Earl of Marche, and their daugh- 

Ijady Elizabeth de Mortimer, married Sir Henry de 
Percy, first Earl of Northumberland, a descendant 
of Charlemagne, and a Knight of the Garter, who 
won the soubriquet of *' Hotspur." Their son, 

Henry Percy, Second Earl op Northumberland, mar- 
ried Lady Eleanor Neville, and a son of this mar- 

168 (^ ^teptreJr Jtee 

Henry Percy, Third Earl of Northumbbriand, married 
Lady Eleanor Poynings. Their daughter, 

Lady Margaret db Percy, married Sir William Gascoigne 
of Gawthorp. 

Few ancestors may more justly be claimed with 
pride than Sir William Gascoigne. Of royal blood 
himself, his family of ancient Norman extraction and 
illustrious for its military achievements, he is cele- 
brated for his exalted sense of justice and for intel- 
lectual attainments which elevated him to the high- 
est judicial position within the gift of his sovereign. 
As Lord Chief Justice of England, he committed the 
Prince of Wales to prison, and dared refuse, when 
the king, Henry the Fourth, bade him sit in judg- 
ment upon Scrope, the Archbishop of York, and 
Thomas Mowbray, son of the banished Duke of Nor- 
folk, saying : ''Much am I beholden to your Highness, 
and all your lawful conunands I am bound by my 
allegiance to obey ; but over the life of the prelate I 
have not, and your Highness cannot give me, any 
jurisdiction. For the other prisoner, he is a peer of 
the realm, and has a right to be tried by his peers. ' ' 
A daughter of this Sir William Gascoigne and his 
wife. Lady Margaret de Percy, 

Lady Elizabeth Gasooione, married, as already stated in 
this volume, Sir George Talbois, of Kyme, born 
1465, died 1538, who was also the father of Sir Gil- 
bert Talbois. The direct descent from this marriage 
to George Beade and thence to 

M1I4DRED Warner, has also been given. This Mildred 

Warner married Laurence Washington, of Bridge 
Creek, Virginia, and with the introduction of Lau- 
rence Washington appears another and distinct line 
of royal descent, for, as will be found fully set forth 
in succeeding pages, this Laurence Washington was 
a son of John Washington and his wife, Anne Pope, 
a grandson of Laurence Washington and his wife, 
**Amphy]lis," a great-grandson of Laurence Wash- 
ington, of * * Sulgrave, ' ' England, and his wife, Mar- 
garet Butler. Margaret Butler was a direct de- 
scendant of King Edward the First of England and 
his wife, the Princess Margaret, daughter of King 
Philip the Third of France. 

A son of Mildred Warner and her husband, Lau- 
rence Washington, 

Augustine Washington, of Stafford County, Virginia, 
married Mary Ball, of Epping Forest, Virginia, and 
the children of this marriage were George Washing- 
ton, Samuel Washington, John Augustine Washing- 
ton, Charles Washington and Betty Washington, 
who married Judge Fielding Lewis. 

Samuel Washington, son of Augustine Washington and 
his wife, Mary Ball, was born at Bridge Creek, West- 
moreland County, Virginia, November 16, 1734. At 
the age of twenty-four he was a Colonial Justice of 
the Peace, at thirty was High Sheriff of King 
George County and an officer in the militia. At 
thirty-one was among the one hundred and fifty 
gentlemen of Virginia who signed the Westmore- 
land Resolutions (1765), attesting resistance to the 

170 (^i ^teptreb Jlace 

stamp Act. The name of Richard Henry Lee ap- 
pears first on the list; that of Samuel Washington 
fifth. The Westmoreland Resolutions materially 
affected the views of the colonists regarding their 
relations with England, aroused them to the in- 
justice of the mother country and helped to make 
possible the Declaration of Independence. In 1776 
and later he was a Colonel in the Virginia line, and 
at one time served as aide-de-camp to his brother, 
General Washington. He married, as fourth wife, 
Anne Steptoe, and died 1781 on his estate. Hare- 
wood, Virginia. Their son, 

Qeorge Stkptoe Washington, of Harewood, Virginia, is 
named in the will of his illustrious imcle as executor. 
He married I^ucy Payne, a sister of Dolly Madison. 
Their son. 

Dr. Samuel Walter Washington, of TIarewood, Vir- 
ginia, married Louisa' Clemson, of Philadelphia, who 
was a sister of Thomas Clemson, United States Min- 
ister to Belgium. A daughter of this marriage, 

Lucy Washington, of Harewood, Virginia, married John 
Bainbridge Packette, Jr., a son of Commander John 
B. Packette, of the sloop of war '* Ariel,'' in 1812. 
He was a distinguished officer, and is mentioned by 
Commodore Perry, in his report to the Secretary of 
War regarding the battle on liake Erie, for conspicu- 
ous and gallant service. A sword was bestowed upon 
him by the State of Virginia, which is now an hon- 
ored relic in the home of his granddaughter, 

Frances Hammond Washington Packette, bom at Hare- 

®f ^teptreb JRate i7i 

wood, Virginia, who married L. Montgomery Bond, 
Junior, of Philadelphia. The children of this mar- 
riage are William de Hertbume Washington Bond, 
and Mary Carolena Washington Bond who married 
Attilio Pertinax Morosini, of New York. There is 
one child of this marriage, Mary Washington Bond 

The influences of gentle birth and noble breeding 
have ever been apparent in this distinguished 
family. Honors, positions of trust and highest so- 
cial recognition have been theirs wherever known, 
and the stamp of hereditary grace and gentility is 
conspicuous in the present generation. 

Mrs. Prances Hammond Washington Packette 
Bond is a member of the New Jersey Society of the 
Colonial Dames of America, member of the Order of 
the Crown in America, a charter member of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, a member of 
the Society of the Daughters of the War of 1812, and 
a charter member of the Pocahontas Society of 
Jamestown, Virginia. 

^^bertt 'Jkin^ ot Vessex. 

Colonel deorge ^abe. 

jdluv^ Plassin^ame dUmt Prickell. 

The grandson of Egbert, King of Wessex, and his wife, 
Raedburgh, was Alfred the Great, and the generations 
between Alfred and Colonel George Reade of Virginia 
have been already carefully presented in this volume. 
As will readily be seen, the names given in these genera- 
tions represent not only the reigning houses to the time 
of Edward the Third, but many of the most powerful and 
distinguished families among the nobility, including that 
of Sir Edward Dymoke, Hereditary Champion, who 
served at the coronation of the Queens Mary and Eliza- 

Colonel George Reade, as already shown, was a great 
grandson of this Sir Edward Dymoke and his wife, the 
Lady Anne Talbois, and a great-grandfather of- Colonel 
Robert Lewis, **of Belvoir," who married Jane Meri- 
wether. A son of this marriage, 

John Lewis, married Catherine Fauntleroy, daughter of 
Colonel William Fauntleroy (of **Naylor's Hole"), 
and his wife, Apphia Bushrod, and great-grand- 
daughter of Colonel Moore Fauntleroy, who came to 
Virginia from England before 1643, bringing with 
him a confirmation of **arms" from the official 
Herald. This Colonel Moore Fauntleroy was a 
lineal descendant of both Charlemagne and Alfred 

(if ^teptreh Jtoe i73 

the Great. A son of John Lewis and Catherine 

Francis Lewis, married Lucy Dudley. A daughter of 

this marriage, 
Mary Lewis, married Robert Billups Glenn, and a son of 

this marriage, 
Robert James Glenn, married Mary Caroline Blassin- 

game. Their daughter, 
Mary Blassingame Glenn, married the late Honorable 

Robert Coman Brickell, of Huntsville, Alabama, 

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of his State, 

author of Brickell 's Digest and a very distinguished 



^Ihti the (Sreat. 

Colonel (Seor0e jReabe. 

4ltarg Catlferinc ^Martin Cascg. 

The generations between Colonel George Reade and 
Colonel Charles Lewis, **of the Byrd," ajipear in other 
pages, also the name of 

Elizabeth Lewis, daughter of Colonel Charles Lewis, 
**of the Byrd," and his wife, Mary Howell. This 
Elizabeth Lewis was born April 23, 1724, and mar- 
ried. May 3, 1744, to William Kennon, born in Ches- 
terfield County, Virginia, October 7, 1713, son of 
Richard Kennon, of Conjurer's Neck, and his wife, 
Elizabeth Worsham, or Anne Eppes; both names 
have been given by family historians. 

Richard Kennon, a son of Elizabeth Lewis and her hus- 
band, William Kennon, born in Chestei'field County, 
Virginia, married, on January 5, 1775, Celia Rag- 
land. From Virginia the family moved to North 
Carolina, and in Chatham County, of this State, with 
a large number of kinspeople, made their home. 
Richard Kennon soon became a man of influence in 
the State, and was a Delegate to the Hillsboro Con- 
vention. His brother, William Kennon, was a 
signer of the Mechlenburg Declaration of Independ- 
ence. Celia Ragland was a daughter of William 
Ragland and his wife, Sarah Avant Ragland. A 

#f ^teptreb J^te i75 

daughter of Richard Kennon and his wife, Celia 
Ragland Kennon, 

Mary Kennon, born in Chatham County, North Caro- 
lina, Januaiy 15, 1778, married Dr. George Martin, 
bom January 3, 1778, son of Robert Martin, of King 
and Queen County, Virginia, and his wife, Mary Ven- 
able. She was a daughter of Charles Venable (whose 
grandfather, Abraham Venable, descended from the 
Venables, Barons of Kinderton, England), and his 
wife, Elizabeth Smith. Elizabeth Smith was a 
daughter of Robert Smith, Founder of Port Royal, 
Virginia, and a granddaughter of Major Lawrence 
Smith, of the Council of Virginia. 

Charles Kennon Venable Martin, son of Mary Kennon 
and her husband. Dr. George Martin, was bom in 
Chatham County, North Carolina, June 8, 1808, and 
married, November 18, 1834, Fannie Holder Wil- 
liams, daughter of Richard Gott Williams, of Mary- 
land, and his wife, Fannie Calloway, daughter of 
Colonel Richard Calloway, of Virginia. 

Mary Catherine Martin, daughter of Dr. Charles Ken- 
non Venable Martin, and his wife, Fannie Holder 
Williams, was born in Salem, Tennessee. She mar- 
ried Joseph J. Casey, of New York City, November 
15, 1873. The children of this marriage are Fanny 
Calloway Holder Casey, and Captain Kellogg Ken- 
non Venable Casey. 

Mrs. Casey is a member of the Order of the Crown 
in America, Society of The Colonial Dames of Vir- 
ginia, The Huguenot Society, charter member of 
the Society of Daughters of the Revolution, charter 
member of the Society of Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, member of the Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, Dixie Club and Knickerbocker Chapter 
of D. B. 

Caroline jparkman ffiorbmer. 

So iiiucli of glamour and grandeur is summed up in 
the name of Charlemagne that those who delve in his- 
toric lore rarely pause to weigh the tremendous forces 
which united in this great sovereign, or to consider the 
picturesque features of the generations which preceded 
him. Yet these played a vital part in influencing the 
development which characterized his day, and in deter- 
mining the epoch-making events of the ages which fol- 

Pepin L'Heristal, said to be the great-grandfather of 
Charlemagne, was a valiant leader of the Franks 
and ** Mayor of the Palace'' during the reigns of 
four of the Meerwings, or ** Long-haired ' ' dynasty. 
He was not only a great warrior, but an earnest ally 
of the Christians sent into his country by both Eng- 
land and Ireland. 

Carl of the Hammer, or Charles Martel, said to be a son 
of this Pepin, inherited his office, and from him was 
the family called ' ' Carlings. ' ' He was the hero of 
Tours and in a sense the arbitre of creeds, for it was 
the victory achieved on this field which decided 
whether Europe should be Christian or Mohamme- 

Pepin **Le Bref/' a son of Charles Martel, succeeded 
to the honors of his house, and it was from him that 
the petition went to the Pope, asking that the fam- 
ily which wielded the power of kings, though in fact 
only '* Mayors of the Palace,'' should be also kings 
in name. The petition was granted, and the son of 
Pepin 'Me bref," 

Charlemagne, came to the throne and to the wielding of 
tlie sceptre. In immediate line of descent from 
Charlemagne came 

Louis, *'The Pious/' who married Judith. 

Charles ''The Bald/' who married Hermentrude. 

Judith, who married Baldwin of Flanders, and their son, 

Baldwin the Second, of Flanders, a great-great-grand- 
son of Charlemagne, who married Ethelfrida, a 
daughter of Alfred the Great, thus uniting two of 
the most notable lines of ancestry known to history. 
The son of this marriage, 

Arnulf the Great, married Alice of Vermandois, and 
their son, 

Baldwin the Third, married Matilda of Saxony. A son 

of this marriage, 
Arnulf the Second, married Sausanna or Rosalie, 

daughter of Berengarius Second, King of Italy, and 

their son, 
Baldwin Fourth, married Otgiva, daughter of Count of 

the Moselle. A son of this marriage, 
Baldwin Fifth, married Adela, daughter of Robert, King 

of France, and to them was bom 
Matilda of Flanders, who married William the Con- 

178 #f ^ceptrei J^ate 

qiieror. According to Burke, a daughter of this mar- 

GuNDREDA, married William, Earl of Warren and Surrey, 
and while this Gundreda has been the subject of dis- 
cussion and question among genealogists, it would 
seem that the result of Burke's research should be 
accepted and the statement as here given is upon his 
authority. A son of Gundreda and her husband, 
William, Earl of Warren and Surrey, 

William, Earl Warrkn, married Elizabeth of Valois; 

WiLiiiAM, Earl Warren, married Ellyn, daughter of 
Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury ; 

Lady Ellen Warren, married Sir William Fitz William 
of Sprotborough ; 

Sir William Fitz William, married Albreda, daughter 
of Earl of Lincoln; 

Sir Thomas William, married Anne, daughter of Lord 

Grey ; 
Sir Thomas, married Agnes, daughter of Lord Mytford ; 

Sir William, married Agnes, daughter of Sir John 
Metum ; 

Sir W11J.1AM, married Isabell, daughter of Lord Den- 
court ; 

Sir John, married Jane, daughter of Adam Revesby; 

Sir WiiiLiAM, married Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Earl 
of Huntington ; 

Sir William, married Maud, daughter of Balphe Crom- 
well, Lord Tatershall; 

Sir John, married Hense, daughter of Sir Henry Grene ; 

Sir John, married Margaret, daughter of Thomas Cla- 

(if #teptreb JRate 179 

Sir WiLiLiAM, married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Cha worth ; 

Isabella, married Richard Wentworth; 

Beatryce Wentworth, married Arthur Kaye ; 

Grace Kaye, married Sir Richard Saltonstall, bom in 
i]ngland, in 1586, who was a nephew of Sir Richard 
Saltonstall, Lord Mayor of London in 1597. Sir 
Richard Saltonstall, who married Grace Kaye, came 
to Massachusetts in 1630, as Assistant Governor to 
Winthrop. He returned to England and died there 
about 1658. His son, 

Richard Saltonstall, was bom in Woodsome, England, 
in 1610, and came to Massachusetts about 1630. He 
held the offices of Deputy, Assistant and Sergeant 
Major during a number of years in the Colony of 
Massachusetts Bay, but returned to England and 
died there at Hulme, April 29, 1694. He married 
Muriel Gurdon, daughter of Brampton Gurdon, and 
his wife, Muriel Sedley, who was a great-great- 
great-granddaughter of Catharine Howard, and her 
husband, Sir John Bourchier, Lord Bemers. Cath- 
arine Howard was seventh in descent from Edward 
the First of England, through his son, Thomas, Earl 
of Norfolk, whose daughter, Margaret Plantagenet, 
married John, Lord Segrave. Elizabeth Segrave, a. 
daughter of this marriage, became the wife of John, 
Lord Mowbray, and their son, Thomas, Lord Mow- 
bray, married Elizabeth, daughter of the Earl of 
Arundel. Margaret, their daughter, married Sir 
Robert Howard, and their son was Sir John Howard, 

180 (^f ^tepireb 3te< 

Duke of Norfolk. Sir John Boiirchier was a great- 
grandson of Anne Plantagenet, who was a grand- 
daughter of Edward the Third of England, and mar- 
ried William Bourchier, Earl of Essex. 

The ducal house of Howard is said to stand next to 
the blood royal, at the head of the peerage of Eng- 
land, and the distinguished honors which have been 
enjoyed by its members since early times are among 
the highest in the gift of the sovereign, or which may 
be acquired l)y heritage. Sir John Howard, Duke 
of Norfolk, and the father of Catharine, who mar- 
ried Sir John Bourchier, was probably the most just- 
ly distinguished of his line. 

Not only his princely birth and magnificent estate, 
but the manner in which he acquitted himself under 
the stress of both good and evil fortune, placed him 
above those who might have been considered his 
peers. He was Constable of the Castle of Norwich, 
Sheriff of the Counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, 
Treasurer of the king's household. Captain General 
of all the king's forces at sea, who were opposing 
the forces of Nevil, Earl of Warwick, and the Duke 
of Clarence. He was Deputy Governor of Calais and 
adjacent Marches, Knight of the Garter, and then 
Earl Marshal of England. 

As Earl Marshal **His Grace was pennitted, in 
the presence or absence of the king, to bear a golden 
staflf, tipped at each end with black, the upper part 
thereof to be adorned with the royal arms, and the 
lower with those of his own family." In support of 

the dignity of the said office, he drew a rental from 
the town of Ipswich, Suffolk. After all these honors 
he was made Lord Admiral of England, Ireland and 
Aquitaine for life. But fateful events were tending 
toward Bosworth Field. Richard was gathering his 
hardy followers for the approaching contest. For 
some reason the friends of Norfolk urged that he 
should not share this undertaking, and the night 
before the battle, according to tradition, these omi- 
nous lines were set upon his outpost, 

''Jockey of Norfolk, be not too bold, 
For Dickon, thy master, is bought and sold. ' ' 

They were doubtless penned by some friend, cogni- 
zant of the defection of Lord Stanley, who, though 
not having positively declared himself, was supposed 
to be the friend of King Richard. At the crucial 
moment he went over to the side of Richmond, the 
tide of battle turned. King Richard fell and Norfolk 
at his side. 

Colonel Nathaniei^ Saltonstall, son of Richard Salton- 
stall and his wife, Muriel Ourdon, was bom in Ips- 
wich, Massachusetts, 1C39, and held many offices of 
distinction. He was colonel in 1C80, Councillor in 
1689, Judge in 1692 and Commissioner in 1683. He 
married Elizabeth Ward, and died May 21, 1707, at 
Haverhill, Massachusetts. A daughter of this mar- 

Elizabeth Saltonstall, married in 1692, Reverend Ro- 
land Cotton, who was bom in Plymouth, 1667, and 

182 m ^teptreb JUsxt 

died 1721 or 2. A daughter was bom to them in 1694, 

Joanna Cotton, who married Reverend John Brown, 
who died in 1742. Their daughter, 

Abigail Brown, married Reverend Edward Brook, who 
was bom in 1743 and died in 1781. Their daughter, 

Joanna Cotton Brook, married in 1793 Nathaniel Hall, 
who was bom in 1761, and a daughter of this mar- 

Caroline Hall, married Reverend Francis Parkman, 
bom 1788, died 1852. 

Caroline Hall Parkman was a daughter of this marriage 
(and the distinguished historian, Francis Parkman, 
was a son), and married Reverend John Cordner, 
LL.D., who was bom 1816 and died 1894. Their 

Caroline Parkman Cordner, in right of her royal and 
noble ancestry, is a member of **The Order of the 
Crown in America," and the Massachusetts branch 
of ''The Colonial Dames.'' 


The generations from Alfred the Great, to Ethelred, 
**the Unready," have been given in earlier pages of this 
volume. The present chapter takes up the line of de- 
scent with the latter monarch, who was crowned at ten 
years of age by the Primate, Dunstan. 
Ethelred Second, *'the Unready,'' 978-1016, was a great 
grandson of Alfred the Great, and was the father of 
fourteen children, among whom was Edward the 
Confessor, and the princess, 
Edgiva, who married, as third wife, Uchtred, Earl of 
Northumberland. This Uchtred was a son of Wal- 
theof, Earl of Northumberland, and his wife, Judith, 
daughter of Lambert, Count of Lens, and his wife, 
Adelize, Countess of Albemarle. Waltheof was the 
son of the famous Siward, Earl of Northumberland, 
and his wife, Ethelflaed, daughter of the Saxon Earl 
of Nor. It is said that the mother of Earl Siward 
was Ingeborge, sister of St. Olaf. 
At this period Earl Godwin, Earl Leofric, and Earl 
Siward, were the most powerful noblemen of Britain, and 
the latter claimed dominion over Northumberland, which 
to a large extent had been for several centuries occupied 
by the Danes. These Danes had brought into the coun- 
try a much greater degree of refinement and luxury than 

184 (^i ^ttfixth 3late 

that to which the Saxons had been accustomed, and the 
latter looked with contempt upon the many changes of 
costume and formalities of demeanor common among 
the invaders, considering them eflfeminate and unbecom- 
ing men of warlike habits. 

The kingdom of Ethelred, was, from the first, har- 
rassed by the Danes, and it is probable that the hand of 
the young princess Edgiva, was given in marriage to 
Earl Uchtred, of Northumberland, as a seal of amity 
between her father and his Danish neighbors. A daugh- 
ter of this marriage, 

Agatha, became the wife of Maldred, son of Crinan, an 
eminent ** Thane," a title first bestowed by King 
Athelstane, the grandfather of Ethelred. Accord- 
ing to his ordinance, any seaman who made three 
independent voyages for himself as master of his 
own vessel, and not as the hired attendant of an- 
other, was created a Than(». A son of Agatha and 
CosPATRicK, who died in 1073, also Earl of Northumber- 
land, made several hostile excursions into England 
and lost his earldom in 1072, but shortly after was 
created Earl of Dunbar, by the Scotch king, and at 
the time of the Conquest was settled in that country. 
Earl Cospatrick was a great grandson of both Ethel- 
red the Second of England, and King Mal<*olm Mac- 
Kenneth of Scotland, and so, represented both of 
these royal lines. ITo was also nearly allied to the 
noble family of Eadwulf, and from this house, the 
Nevilles, later so powerful in England, are said to 

(©f #teptreb J^te i85 

have descended. The estate of Raby, closely asso- 
ciated with the Nevilles, is believed to have belonged 
to the Princess Edgiva, and if so, must have been 
one of the old Saxon manors. Among the notable 
descendants of Earl Cospatrick, was Patrick, fifth 
Earl of March, who married Ada, daughter of King 
William, ''the Lion." Patrick, who married Chris- 
tian Bruce, and Patrick, who married Margery, 
daughter of Alexander, Earl of Buchan. A son of 
Earl Cospatrick, was 

UcHTRED, Lord of Raby, who had, 

DoLFiN, Lord of Raby, who married Alice, daughter of 
Walcher, Bishop of Durham. A son of this mar- 

Maldbed Fitz Dolfin, Lord of Raby and Staindrop, had 

RoBBBT Fitz Maidbed, Lord of Raby, who married Isabel, 
only child and heiress of Geoffrey de Neville and his 
wife, Emma, daughter of Bertram de Bulmer. Their 

Geoffbey de Neville, Lord of Raby and Brauncepath, 
married Margaret. A son of this marriage, 

Geoffbey de Neville, Governor of Scarborough Castle 
and Appleby, married Margaret, daughter and heir- 
ess of Sir John de Longuevillieres and his wife, 
Clemence, daughter of John Matherby. A brother 
of this Geoffrey was Robert de Neville, of Raby, and 
their great house gave to England many of her most 
illustrious statesmen, and to her throne many of its 
sovereigns. From Robert descended Ralphe de 
Neville, First Earl of Westmoreland (lineal ances- 

186 (^f ^ttfitth 3^ace 

tor of certain American families, presented in an- 
other chapter), who married Joan de Beaufort, 
daughter of John of Gaunt. They were grandpar- 
ents of Richard de Neville, called **the king maker," 
who was one of the most notable characters and 
wonderful personalities that ever appeared upon the 
stage of English political history. In a pre-eminent 
sense he belonged to his race, to his family at large, 
rather than to a certain generation or line, and so 
cannot be ignored when the name is mentioned, even 
though the connection is only collateral, as in the 
present chapter. His grandfather, as already stated, 
was Ealphe de Neville, First Earl of Westmoreland, 
his father was Earl of Salisbury, and he, himself, was 
Earl of Warwick, not by inheritance, but by mar- 
riage with Anne, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, 
Earl of Warwick, and he illuminated the ancient 
title with a glory which has not even yet departed. 

He played with kings as pawns on a chess board, 
and handled the most momentous affairs of state 
with a nonchalance and magnificent independence 
unequalled before or since. He was Warder of the 
Scottish Marches, Constable of Dover, and Lord 
Chamberlain. His landed estate was enormous. One 
hundred and ten manors scattered over twenty-one 
counties, besides the city of Worcester, various isl- 
ands and many grim castles in Wales, owned him as 
lord. It is claimed that three thousand lived at his 
expense in these various dependencies, and that six 
oxen were served at his London residence for break- 

fast. So great was his popularity that an old chron- 
icler declares ''every one wore his badge, no man 
esteeming himself gallant whose head was not 
adorned with his ragged staff. '^ 

This popularity was not due alone to great pos- 
sessions, but in a marked degree to his resistless per- 
sonality, his distinguished gallantry in the field, the 
unlimited hospitality of his board, his wonderful 
mentality and his dauntless bearing in any company 
and upon all occasions. When the last day came, 
and he arrayed his forces against the king, his cousin, 
Edward the Fourth, on Bamet Field, he realized 
fully that it was the crucial struggle, and threw him- 
self into the fight with an impassioned zeal which 
even he had never before exhibited. His horse was 
abandoned, and he shared the dangers of his foot 
soldiers, and here, on Bamet Field, he fell, Richard 
de Neville, ''the king maker.'' 

Leaving these matters, which relate to a collateral 
line, and returning to the lineal descent belonging to 
this chapter, Geoffrey de Neville (brother of Rob- 
ert, ancestor of the "king maker"), married, as 
stated, Margaret, daughter of Sir John de Longue- 
villieres. Their son, 
Robert de Neville, of Hornby, married, and had 
Robert de Neville, of Hornby Castle, who married Anne, 
daughter of Sir William de Tunstall. Their daugh- 
Margaret de Neville, married Sir William Harrington, 
Knight, and a daughter of this marriage, 

188 (^ #teptreb J^ate 

Agnes Harbington, who died in 1490, married Alexander 
Eadclyffe, Esq., of Ordsall. Their daughter, 

Isabella. Badolyffe, married Sir James Harrington, of 
Wolfage, Northamptonshire, and a daughter of this 

Alice Hakmngton, married Ralplie de Standish, in 1497, 
who died in 1538, at the age of eighty. This Ealphe 
de Standish, was a son of Sir Alexander de Stand- 
ish and his wife, Sibella de Bold, married about 1461. 
Sibella de Bold was a daughter of Sir Henry de Bold, 
who was lineally descended from Gilbert, fourth 
Baron of Kendal; this Gilbert being eighth in de- 
scent from Ethelfleda, a daughter of Alfred the 
Great. Hence, through the marriage of Alice Har- 
rington and Ealphe de Standish, their descendants, 
as represented in this chapter, have double line of 
descent from Alfred the Great. A son of Alice Har- 
ington and her husband, Ealphe de Standish, was 

EoGEB DE Standish, Esq., of Standish, and his daughter, 

Elizabeth Standish, married James Prescott, of Lan- 
cashire, and had 

EoGBB Pbesoott, who married, as second wife, Ellen 
Shaw. Their son, 

Ealphe Pbesoott, married Ellen, of Shevington. Their 

John Pbesoott, married, in England, Mary Platts, and 
later went with his wife and three children to the 
Barbadoes. Later still they made their home in the 
American Colonies, and now, scattered over the 
United States, a line of distinguished descendants 


(©f ^ceptreb J^ce i89 

attest the dignity, nobility, and mental capacity of 
the ancient families from which he came. In other 
pages attention is drawn to some of these descend- 
ants ; but, returning to the immediate line, his son, 

Jonas Presscott, married Mary Loker, and a daughter 
of this marriage, 

Mary Prescott, married Benjamin Famsworth. Their 

Ebenezer Farnsworth, married Sarah Nichols. A son 
of this marriage, 

Joseph Farnsworth, married Abigail Stow, of Harvard, 
and their son, 

Benjamin Stow Farnsworth, married Eliza Fiske Val- 

With this marriage is introduced a most distinguished 
and noble lineage, tracing down from Charlemagne, 
through the royal French line to Hugh Capet, thence to 
his grandson, Henry the First of France, who married 
Anne of Eussia. Their son, Hugo the Great, was Earl 
of Vermandois, and his daughter, Isabel, married, first, 
Robert de Bellemont, of Mellent, first Earl of Leicester. 
A son of this marriage, Robert, who died in 1167, mar- 
ried Amicia, daughter of Ralph de Waer, Earl of Nor- 
folk. Their granddaughter, Margaret, married Sayer 
de Quincy, first Earl of Winchester, and one of the Magna 
Charta Barons. He joined other noblemen in the Cru- 
sades, and died on his way to Jerusalem, in 1219. A 
daughter of this marriage, Arabella de Quincy, married 
Sir William de Harcourt, who died in 1258, and^was a 
son of Sir Richard de Harcourt and his wife, Alice, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Noel, of Ellenhall. 

190 (^ #te|rfreh 3^ate 

The Harcourts were descended from Beraard, of the 
royal ])lood of Saxony, who was Tjord of Harcourt in 876. 
Their alliances during successive generations were with 
the most ilhistrions houses of both France and England, 
including those of the Earls de Newburgh, de Warwick, 
de Beauchamp, and others as famous. The late Sir 
William Vernon Harcourt, member of Parliament, was 
a scion of the same distinguished Franco-English house. 
He was a man of recognized ability, as well as noble line- 
age, and through the marriage of his son, Lewis Vernon 
Harcourt, with Miss Bums, of New York City, a niece of 
Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan, the old English house is con- 
nected with another American family. 

A son of Arabella de Quincy and her husband. Sir 
Eichard de Harcourt, was Sir William de Harcourt, of 
Stanton Court, who married Alice, daughter of Roger 
la Zouche (sister of Allan la Zouche) ; their daughter, 
Arabella Harcourt, married, as second husband. Sir John 
de Digby. From a half brother of Arabella Harcourt, 
descended the Sir Simon Harcourt, who married Jane, 
daughter of Sir William Spencer, ancestors of Sir 
Cliarles Eichard John Spencer Churchill, Duke of Marl- 
borough, who married Consuelo, daughter of William 
Kissam Vanderbilt. It was to Sir Simon Harcourt that 
Pope dedicated the pathetic lines : : 

"To this sad shrine, whoe'er thou art, draw near! 
Here lies the friend most loved, the son most dear; 
Who ne'er knew joy, but friendship might divide, 
Or gave his father grief, but when he died. 
How vain is reason, eloquence how weak^ 
If Pope must tell what Harcourt cannot speak. 
Oh, let thy once-loved friend inscribe thy stone 
And with a father's sorrow mix his own." 


■ > 

As already stated, Arabella Harcourt married Sir John 
de Digby, and their son, John de Digby, 1282-1305, mar- 
ried Wake. Lineally descended from them, seven 

generations later, was Sir John de Digby of Eye Kettle- 
by. County Leicester, who was knighted by Henry the 
Seventh, on Bosworth Field, and died in 1533. He mar- 
ried, as first wife, Katherine Griffin, who was a descend- 
ant of Katherine La Warr and her husband. Sir Warine 
Latimer. This Katherine La Warr was a daughter of Sir 
Roger La Warr, who married Alinora, daughter of John, 
Lord Mowbray, and had Joanna, who married Sir 
Thomas West, Third Baron West, and had Reginald 
West, First Lord Delawarr, 1427-1451. Thus the line 
descending from Joanna, daughter of Sir Roger La 
Warr, and her husband. Sir Thomas West, received the 
title, Delawarr. 

A great-great-granddaughter of Sir John Digby and 
his wife, Katherine Griffin, was Elizabeth Digby, who 
married Enoch Lynde, of London, England, October 25, 
1614. Simon Lynde, a son of this marriage, was bom in 
London, June 24, 1624, died November 22, 1687. He was 
presented to Charles the First, by his near kinsman, 
Baron Digby, shortly before that monarches death. 

After coming to America, he was made Judge of the 
Superior Court of Judicature, at Boston, Massachusetts, 
and married there in 1652, Hannah, daughter of John 
Newdigate, whose family belonged to the landed gentry 
of England, and was connected there, and later, in the 
new world, with the most distinguished and patrician 

192 (©f ^te|rfreb JRate 

''Castle Hill," the country seat of Judge Simon Lynde, 
situated on Thompson's Island, became a recognized cen- 
ter of culture and a rallying point for the intellectual, 
scholarly, and distinguished men of his time. Here a 
gracious hospitality was dispensed throughout a notable 
century of ownership. 

A son of Judge Simon Lynde and his wife, Hannah 
Newdigate, Samuel Lynde, was bom in 1653, died 1721, 
married, 3674, Mary, daughter of Jarvis Ballard, of Bos- 
ton. Their daughter, Mai-y Lynde, bom 1680, died 1732, 
married, 1702, Honorable John Valentine, of Boston, who 
was His Majesty ^s Advocate General for the Provinces 
of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, and Rhode Isl- 
and. A son of this marriage, Thomas Valentine, bom 
1713, died 1783, married, 1735, Elizabeth, daughter of 
James Gooch and his wife, Elizabeth Hobby Gooch. The 
latter was a daughter of Major Charles Hobby, of New 
England, who, during a visit to Windsor Castle, was 
knighted by Queen Anne, July 9, 1705, for services ren- 
dered the crown. In 1713 and 1714 Sir Charles Hobby was 
one of the wardens of King's Chapel. He died in London 
in 1714. His sister, Judith Hobby, married Reverend Ben- 
jamin Colman, and their descendants are still prominent 
and influential in the city of Boston. 

A son of Thomas Valentine and his wife, Elizabeth 
Hobby Valentine, Samuel Valentine, bom 1745, died 1834, 
married, 1771, Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel John and 
Hannah Simpson Jones, and their son, Samuel Valentine 
Second, born 1773, died 1823, married in 1800, Mary Fiske, 
daughter of Captain Richard Fiske and his wife, Febiah 

m #teptreb J^te i93 

Pond Fiske. A daughter of this marriage, Eliza Fiske Val- 
entine, born 1813, married Benjamin Stow Farnsworth, of 
Boston, Massachusetts. The children are : Miss Harriet 
Prescott Farnsworth, Henrietta Lynde de Neville 
Farnsworth, and Mary Susan Valentine Farnsworth, 
who married William Wirt Smith, of Chicago, and has 
one daughter, Edna Valentine Smith. As will readily 
be seen, 

Miss Henrietta Lynde de Neville Farnsworth repre- 
sents, through lineal descent, many of the most 
famous royal as well as noble houses of the old world, 
numbering among her ancestors Alfred the Great, 
Charlemagne, William the Conqueror, Hugh Capet, 
Magna Charta Barons, Chief Justices of England 
and Ireland, and others, who served as bulwarks of 
their nation in times of peace as well as war. So it 
appears peculiarly fitting that she should have been 
the Founder of * * The Order of the Crown of Amer- 
ica," an organization of great dignity and of patri- 
cian membership, as will appear in the chapter de- 
voted to historic associations. 


^Itsa ^eibon Campbell JRtttl^eU. 
lleUnba ^trotlrer JRttcliell «tU. 

So much has been written of the great Charlemagne, 
Emperor of the West, son of Pepin, and grandson of 
Charles Martel, that it seems idle to refer to records and 
narratives already widely known, but, as illustrative of 
his far-reaching influence and recognition, it is interest- 
ing to recall the magnificent gifts sent with greetings of 
profound respect to his court at Paderbom, by the illus- 
trious Calif, Haroun al Raschid. 

Among these gifts was an elephant of rare and costly 
breed; also a gorgeous tent of oriental workmanship, a 
set of cunningly carven ivory chessmen, and a water 
clock, so arranged that at each hour a brazen ball fell 
into a brass basin, and a miniature knight (one or more, 
according to the hour), appeared. 

Charlemagne married Hildegarde of Swabia, and their 

Louis liE Debonnaire, King of France, married Judith of 

Guelph. Their son, 
Charles the Bald, King of France and Emperor of the 

Romans, married Hermentrude, daughter of Vodon, 

Earl of Orleans. A daughter of this marriage, 
Judith, married first. King Ethel wolf ; second, Baldwin 

First, Count of Flanders. Their son, 
Baldwin Second, Count of Flanders, married Ethel- 

frida, daughter of Alfred the Great, and thus, in 
the son of this union, 

Arnulph, Count of Flanders, the two most conspicuous 
royal houses of the world were represented. This 
Amulpli married Alice, daughter of Herbert Second, 
Count of Vermandois, and descending direct from 
this line, through the ducal house of Saxony, the 
royal line of Berenger Second, King of Italy, and 
Robert First of France, was 

Maud (or Matilda), daughter of Baldwin, Count of Flan- 
ders, who married William the Conqueror, King of 
England. A son of this marriage, 

Henry the First, King of England, married Maud (or 
Matilda), daughter of Malcolm Third, called Can- 
more, King of Scotland, and his wife, Margaret, 
who was a direct descendant of Alfred the Great. 
With Malcolm Canmore is introduced a most inter- 
esting line of ancestry, this Malcolm being a son of 
Duncan, King of Scots, who was murdered by his 
cousin, Macbeth. This Macbeth in turn was slain by 
Macduff, Thane of Fife. 

Matilda, a daughter of Henry First, King of England, 
and his wife, Maud, married Geoflfrey Plantagenet, 
Count of Anjou, son of Fouike, King of Jerusalem. 
As already shown in this volume, six generations 
later descending in direct line through the royal 
houses of Arragon, Castile and France, was 

Edward the Third, King of England, who married Phil- 
ippa, daughter of William, Count of Hainault. A 
son of this marriage, 

196 (^f #teptreb Jtoe 

John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancester, married Catherine, 
daughter and heir of Sir Payne Eoelt, and widow 
of Sir Otis Swynford. Their daughter, 

Joan de Beaufort, married second, Ralph de Neville, 
first Earl of Westmoreland, and Earl Marshal of 
England. A son of this marriage, 

Richard de Neville, married Alice de Montacute, daugh- 
ter of Thomas de Montacute, last Earl of Salisbury, 
and his wife, Lady Eleanor de Holland. Rich- 
ard Neville was created Earl of Salisbury in 1442 
and was also Lord Chamberlain of England. He 
died in 1460. Alice Montacute was also of royal de- 
cent, being in the fifth generation from Edward the 
First, King of England, and his second wife, Mar- 
garet, daughter of Philip the Third, King of France. 
A daughter of Richard Neville and his wife, Alice 

Catherine Neville, married William, Lord Bonville and 
Harrington. Their only daughter and heir, 

Cecillia Bonville, married Sir Thomas Grey, Earl of 
Huntington in 1471, and Marquis of Dorset 1475. 
Their daughter, 

Elizabeth Gray married, as second wife, Gerald Fitz- 
gerald, ninth Earl of Kildare. It would be impos- 
sible to gather together names representing a richer 
ancestral heritage than those already mentioned, 
and to them is now added that of Fitzgerald, with 
which is associated much of rare and picturesque 
One of the early ancestors of the Fitzgeralds was 

_j^«-. r I 

Otho, a baron of England in the sixteenth year of 
King Edward the Confessor. This Otho is said to 
have married Nesta, daughter of Rliese, Prince of 
South Wales. A son of Otho, Walter Fitz Otho, was 
Castellan of Windsor in the reign of William the 
Conqueror. Maurice, a son of this Walter, obtained 
a grant of extensive territories in the province of 
Leinster, and was nominated in 1172 one of the Gov- 
ernors of Ireland. He died in 1177, and from one 
of his sons, Gerald, the family was called Fitzgerald, 
according to one authority, but another states that 
the name derives from Gheradini, an ancient name 
in Italy, and corrupted into Geraldynes. 

One of the quaint traditions in the family accounts 
for the unique supporters appearing upon their 
''arms." According to this story, Thomas Fitzger- 
ald was an infant of nine months when the battle of 
Callan was fought, 1261, in which his father and 
grandfather were killed at the head of the army 
raised by themselves against Maccarthy More. News 
of this calamity was at once dispatched to the castle, 
and the retainers and attendants, rushing out to 
meet the messengers, left the infant quite alone in 
its cradle. A pet monkey, roaming through the 
apartments, discovered the child, caught it up in its 
arms and the two were directly seen upon the bat- 
tlements of the castle. 

Here the animal exhibited its prize to the hor- 
rified spectators below ; then, when satisfied with the 
adventure, brought the baby safely back to the eager 

•98 ^i #teptreh ]^tt 

watchers. An ancient chronicle further states: 
' ' Finding the nurse sitting by the cradle, he gave her 
a sound boxe on the eare, as it is thought thereby 
wameing and admonishing her to look better here- 
after to her charge. You may be sure this is noe 
fable, for he (Thomas Fitzgerald) ever after during 
his lifetyme, boare the name of Thomas an Appa." 
The supporters alluded to are apes. 

This Thomas Fitzgerald was sixth Lord Oflfaley, 
Lord Chief Justice of England, and was usually 
styled Prince of Munster. He married Margaret, 
daughter of John, Lord Barry, and their descend- 
ant, John, Lord of Offaley, was created Earl of Kil- 
dare in 1316 by King Edward the Second. In direct 
line of descent came Gerald, Earl of Kildare, who, 
as already stated, married Elizabeth Gray, daughter 
of the Marquis of Dorset. This marriage introduces 
the Dudley descent; and by a number of marriages 
and consequently direct lines, the Fitzgeralds were 
also allied to the O^Neills, descended from Niall the 
Great, who ruled in Ireland in the fourth century. 
They were Kings of Ulster and Princes of Tyrone, 
but after Ireland was subjugated by the English, 
Conn O'Neill, nephew of Conn More O'Neill, relin- 
quished his princely title and was created by the 
English king Earl O'Neill. The most powerful Irish 
clans were tributary to the O'Neills, and proud of 
the connection with so warlike and distinguished a 
house. After the old Irish estates changed owners 
under the domination of the English, the one usually 

occupied by the O'Neills was Shane's Castle, County 
Antrim, and here descendants of the ancient line have 
continued to reside. 

A son of Gerald Fitzgerald, Earl of Kildare, and 
his wife, Elizabeth Grey, was 

Edwabd Fitzgerald, who married Agnes, daughter and 
heir of Sir John Leigh. Their son, 

Thomas Fitzgebald, married Frances, daughter of 
Thomas Randolph, Chamberlain of the Exchequer 
of Queen Elizabeth. A son of this marriage, 

Geoboe Fitzgerald, sixteenth Earl of Kildare, bom Jan- 
uary, 1612, died 1666, married Joan Boyle, fourth 
daughter of Richard, first Earl of Cork. Their son, 

Robert Fitzgerald, of Grangemellen, member of the 
Privy Council and Governor of County Kildare, 
married August 4, 1663, Mary, daughter and heir of 
James Clotworthy, Esq., County Londonderry, who 
was a brother of Viscount Massarene. A daughter 
of this marriage, 

Margaret Fitzgerald, married in 1712 Toby Hall, of 
Moimt Hall, Coimty Down, son and heir of Roger 
Hall and his wife. Christian, a daughter of Sir Toby 
Poyntz, of County Armagh. A daughter of Mar- 
garet Fitzgerald and her husband, Toby Hall, was 

Elizabeth Hall, who married in 1770, Robert Neilson, of 
Ballinderry Parish, County Antrim, Ireland. Their 

Mart Hall Neilson, married in 1809, John More Camp- 
bell, of Ballinderry Parish. 
With the name Campbell, a Scotch family appears 

200 ^ #te|rfreb ]^t 

of most illustrious ancestry. Its head, ** Argyll,** 
was in feudal times, probably the most powerful sub- 
ject in the realm, and one whose estates were among 
the largest and most valuable. In the twelfth cen- 
tury a Campbell was Lord of Lowchow, in Argyll- 
shire, and from him descended Sir Colin Campbell, 
called ''More," a title signifying ''great." After 
this date the chief of the family was called "Mac 
Calan More. ' ' Sir Colin was knighted by King Alex- 
ander Third, about 1280, and was one of the nominees 
on the part of Robert Bruce in the contest for the 
Scottish crown. This Sir Colin Campbell had a 
conflict with a powerful neighbor, the Lord of Lorn, 
by whom he was slain. From this encounter re- 
sulted a bitter feud, but generations later Colin, Sec- 
ond Lord Campbell, and first Earl of Argyll, married 
Isabel Stewart, daughter of John, Lord of Lorn, 
and the ancient breach between the two great houses 
was healed. 

Among the most cherished relics possessed by the 
American branch of these distinguished families is 
a gold brooch bearing the crest of the Dukes of 
Argyll, which is held by the immediate family of the 
member whose name appears at the head of this 

A daughter of Mary Hall Neilson and her husband, 

John More Campbell, was 

Eliza Neilson Campbell, bom at "Portmore,'' County 

Antrim, a family estate not very distant from 

Shane's Castle, the home of her kinspeople, the 

(&i ^tqrfreb J^te 201 

O'Neills. **Portmore" was a residence of consider- 
able size and luxurious appointments, whose value 
was greatly enhanced by beautiful grounds and pic- 
turesque scenery. 

During the childhood of Eliza Neilson Campbell, 
the descendant of so many royal and noble houses, 
many days were spent by her at Shane's Castle, 
where she was always introduced as **our little 
cousin of Buckingham;" the location of one of the 
Fitzgerald family estates in the county of this name 
doubtless accounting for the reference. Upon the 
child's sensitive and receptive mind, later to be de- 
veloped under the influences and environment of the 
new world, the impressions made by the stately sur- 
roundings and customs of Shane's Castle exerted a 
deep and abiding influence. 

The sudden death of both parents left her, while 
still scarcely more than a child, dependent upon the 
guidance of maternal uncles, bachelors at the time, 
who brought her to America. Here they had made 
various investments in land, lumber, and salt mines, 
and acquired their own transportation facilities in 
the ownership of boats on the Mississippi river, ply- 
ing between Illinois and New Orleans. Eliza was 
placed in French boarding schools in New York, 
and later Philadelphia, where she remained until 
her marriage. There were no brothers, and Eliza 
was the eldest of five sisters: Mary Hall Campbell, 
Sarah Nicholson Campbell, Anna Porter Campbell 
and Evelyn More Campbell being the younger daugh- 
ters of the family. 

I ' 

202 (^ #teptreb Jtee 

A maternal uncle of Eliza Neilson Campbell, Mr. 
William Hall Neilson, was one of the party traveling 
with Lafayette through the British Isles, and was 
also one of the local committee in Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, to entertain the Marquis upon his visit to that 
city in 1825. After this visit Mr. Neilson received 
the following letter, which is preserved by the family : 

Paris, January 27th, 1826. 
My Dear Sir : 

I have much regretted not to have the pleasure to 
see you once more before I left the Blessed of the 
U. S. I missed your visit by a few days, and your 
kind letter by so many hours, and altho I don *t well 
know when my thankful answer may reach you, I 
hope you will receive this new expression of my grat- 
itude, attachment and regard. Remember me very 
affectionately to our Western friends, and believe 
me forever, 

Your Sincere friend, 


My son requests his best compliments being pre- 
sented to you. He likewise not yet returned from a 
journey to Germany. 

(Directed to) 

William H. Neilson, Esq., 
New York or Louisville, Kentucky. 

Another near kinsman of Eliza Neilson Campbell, 
Colonel Joseph Tuley, was also connected with the 
visit of Lafayette to this country. He was of French 
Huguenot descent, was on the staflF of the Governor 


#e #teptreb fisxe 203 

of Virginia at the time, joined the Governor in re- 
ceiving the foreign guests at Alexandria, and then 
entertained the party at his estate, **Tuleyries," in 
Clarke County, Virginia. 

Eliza Neilson Campbell married in February, 1839, 
George Henry Mitchell, of Virginia, a son of Henry 
Dudley Mitchell and his wife, Mary Tuley Mitchell 
(a sister of Colonel Tuley, of '^Tuleyries''). A 
daughter of this marriage, 

Belinda Strotheb Mitchell, married William Alfred 
Gill, of Columbus, Ohio, who is a direct descendant 
of Governor William Bradford, of Plymouth Col- 
ony. The children of this marriage are : 

LiLLiE Thomas Gill, who married Earle Clarke Derby, 

Frances Eugenia Gill, who married William Theodore 

Mrs. Earle Clarke Derby is President of the 
Columbus Art Asociation and a Trustee of the 
Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts. 

Mrs. William Alfred Gill is a member of the ex- 
clusive organization, the ''Order of the Crown in 
America," and is connected by close ties of blood 
or marriage with various distinguished Americans. 
The late Rear Admiral Charles M. Thomas, son of 
the Honorable and Mrs. Joseph Tuley Thomas, of 
Philadelphia, was her first cousin. The wife of Ad- 
miral Thomas was Miss Buth Simpson, sister of 
Bear Admiral Simpson. She was a daughter of the 

204 ®i #teptreb ]^t 

late Rear Admiral Simpson and his wife, who was a 
descendant of Charles Carroll of Carrollton. 

One sister of Admiral Thomas, lillie Archer 
Thomas, was married to the late George de Benne- 
ville Keim, of Philadelphia; the other sister, Eu- 
genia, was the wife of Frank Stephen Pleasonton, 
also of Philadelphia. 

It is most unusual to find at the present day an 
American family separated by so short a period from 
the life of the old world as that of Mrs. William Al- 
fred Gill. It is only one generation from ancestors, 
who lived on the ancestral estate in Ireland, and 
traces back to Charlemagne, Alfred the Great, the 
royal French line, Robert Bruce and to the illustrious 
Magna Charta Barons, Hugh le Bigod, Roger le 
Bigod, Henry de Bohun, John Fitzrobert, Saher de 
Quincy, Robert de Vere and William de Lanvallei. 

(Hljaptcr ^iglftccntlj 

^Ifreb tlyc (great. 

€obnel (Seorge |(eabe. 

Vetti! ftuckner <AUen CSreer. 

Among the children of Colonel Robert Lewis, of Bel- 
voir, and his wife, Jane Meriwether, will be found 

Elizabeth Lewis, who married Reverend Robert Barret, 
bom in Hanover Comity, Virginia, 1738, died 1780, 
and said to be a great-grandson of William Barret, 
bom in Wales, June 22, 1580, died 1652, and his wife, 
Dorothea Payne, daughter of Sir Robert Payne. This 
William Barret, with others of ''the Nobilitie, gen- 
trie. Merchants," bought Sir Walter Raleigh's Vir- 
ginia Patents; was proprietor in the London Com- 
pany, was of the Court of Wardens and assistant 
Wardens, who at Trinity House (burned 1666), 
''governed the Colony with more authority than 
King James his realm." Being a member of the 
London Company, it was natural that he should take 
an active interest in the Colonies, and in the Declara- 
tion setting forth the situation of these settlements, 
issued in 1610, which was, in the opinion of Bancroft, 
of the greatest benefit to the English possessions in 
the new world. 

Reverend Robert Barret was a clergyman of the 
Church of England, and was rector of St. Martin's 
Parish, Virginia. After the death of his wife, Eliza- 
beth Lewis, he married Ann Lee. 

206 0f #tejrfreb 3^ate 

William Barret, son of Reverend Robert Barret and his 
wife, Elizabeth Lewis, was born in Virginia, July 
2, 1756, died in Green County, Kentucky, in 1815. He 
was Lieutenant of the Third Continental Dragoons, 
and Captain in Baylor's Battalion. He married 
Dorothy Winston, daughter of William Winston, 
granddaughter of Isaac Winston and his wife, Mary, 
daughter of Reverend Peter Fontaine, of distin- 
guished French descent, as mentioned elsewhere in 
this volume. 

Ann Barret, daughter of William Barret and his wife, 
Dorothy Winston Barret, bom in Louisa County, 
Virginia, May, 1786, died in Kentucky, 1842. In 
1802 she married General James Joseph Allen, bom 
in Albemarle Coimty, Virginia, 1770, son of Captain 
David Allen of the Revolution, and his wife, Eliza- 
beth Allen, and grandson of Robert Allen, of County 
Armagh, Ireland, who moved to Virginia some time 
before 1740. General James Joseph Allen moved to 
Kentucky in 1787. Upon the establishment of 
Green County he was appointed Clerk of the County 
and Quarter Sessions Courts, and later Clerk of the 
Green County Circuit Court. He served in the war 
of 1812, and in 1813 was commissioned Brigadier 
General. Honorable mention was made of his ser- 
vices in General Harrison's report to the Secretary 
of War. A son of General James Joseph Allen and 
his wife, Ann Barret, was 

John Rowan AUiBN, bom in Green County, Kentucky, 
January 21, 1815, died in Memphis, Tennessee, No- 

m #tepttreb 3^te 207 

vember 30, 1877. He married in 1840 Elizabeth Ro- 
bards Buckner, born in Green County, Kentucky, 
April 18, 1821, died in Memphis, Tennessee, Septem- 
ber 10, 1897, daughter of Eichard Aylett Buckner 
and his wife (who was a cousin), Elizabeth Lewis 
Buckner. This Elizabeth Lewis Bilckner was a 
daughter of Elizabeth Lewis Robards and her hus- 
band. Captain William Buckner, granddaughter of 
William Robards and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Joseph Lewis (of the Henrico County line), and 
his wife, Sarah Cocke, great-granddaughter of John 
Robards and his wife, Sarah Hill, who came from 
Wales previous to 1753. The Captain William Buck- 
ner who married Elizabeth Lewis Robards was a son 
of Colonel William Buckner and his wife, Elizabeth 
Monroe, sister of President Monroe, and daughter 
of Captain Spens Monroe and his wife, Elizabeth 
Jones. The Aylett name appearing above, de- 
scends from Elizabeth Aylett, daughter of William, 
who married Richard Buckner, Burgess of King 
William County. He was a grandson of John Buck- 
ner, who came to America prior to 1671, held the 
most important offices in the colonies and greatly 
promoted the advance of letters by his instrumen- 
tality in bringing the first printing press to Virginia. 
His wife was Deborah Ferrers, of West WicHiam, 
Bucks, England ; doubtless a member of the ancient 
house of Ferrers or Farrars. Elizabeth Aylett, al- 
ready mentioned, is said to be of royal descent 
through Sir Benjamin Aylett, who came to Virginia 

208 (©f ^tqrfrcb 3^ce 

in 1656. As already stated, she married Richard 
Buckner. Their son, Aylett Buckner, married Judith 
Presly Thornton, daughter of Colonel Anthony 
Thornton, of Caroline County, and they were the 
parents of Richard Aylett Buckner, who married 
Elizabeth Lewis Buckner. A daughter of this mar- 
riage was the Elizabeth Robards Buckner, who mar- 
ried Doctor John Rowan Allen. The children of 
this marriage are John Rowan Allen, Richard Buck- 
ner Allen and 

Betty Buckner Allen, bom February 2, 1854, married 
September 27, 1877, James Mica j ah Greer (son of 
James Greer and his wife, Mary Autry Greer), bom 
in Holly Springs, Mississippi, October 27, 1847. Of 
this marriage there are three children : Allen James 
Greer, bom August 11, 1878 ; Autry Greer, bom Jan- 
uary 23, 1880 ; Rowan Adams Greer, bom September 
9, 1881. 

Autry Greer was married January 2, 1906, to Kit- 
tie Ogden, of Texas. Their daughter, Cyntheal 
Greer, was bom January 31, 1908. 

Rowan Adams Greer, conspicuous among the 
younger members of the Memphis bar, married No- 
vember 2, 1904, Flora Estes, of Memphis, Tennessee. 
Their son, Rowan Allen Greer, Junior, was bom 
August 27, 1907. 

These children, through their grandmother, Betty 
Buckner Allen Greer, are eighth in descent from Col- 
onel Robert Lewis of Belvoir, and through him line- 
ally descended from Colonel George Reade, whose 

(if ^teptreb J^e 209 

descent from Alfred the Great, and Charlemagne, is 
presented m earlier pages of this volume. As al- 
ready shown, the Reade line reaches back to the most 
illustrious houses of the old world, and is represented 
in the most distinguished offices and families in the 
new, but it should be remembered that in the lineage 
given in this chapter there are other notable lines 
demanding recognition. 

John Buckner, bom in Oxford, England, was Bur- 
gess in 1683, and at one time Clerk of Gloucester 
County, Virginia. William Buckner, son of John, 
was Clerk of Essex County in 1703, Clerk of House 
of Burgesses 1714, and Major of Militia 1777. Rich- 
ard, son of this Richard, was Justice of Westmore- 
land County, and Burgess of King William County. 

These services were connected with the colonial 
period, and the War of the Revolution ; those of Gen- 
eral James Joseph Allen with the War of 1812, and 
Micajah Autry, grandfather of James Micajah 
Greer (Judge Greer; of Memphis, Tennessee,) was 
one of the heroes of the Alamo, 1836, while Judge 
Greer, himself, as a cadet of the Virginia Military 
Institute in 1864, shared in the stirring events which 
marked the close of the Civil War. 

This heritage of heroism and valor has been evi- 
denced to a marked degree in the career of the chil- 
dren of Judge Greer and his wife, Betty Buckner 
Allen Greer. 

Autry Greer, at the age of eighteen, became First 
Lieutenant in the Sixth Regiment, United States 

210 d^f gfteptreb ^isxe 

Volunteers, and served throngh the Porto Bican 

Allen Greer, immediately after taking the degree 
of B.A. at the University of Tennessee, enlisted in 
the Fourth Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers and 
at once received the appointment of First Lieutenant. 
A year later he was the presidential appointee to 
the position of Second Lieutenant in the regular 
army. Fourth United States Lifantry. He went 
with his regiment to the Philippines, where he 
served with such distinguished gallantry that he was 
awarded the Medal of Honor for bravery in action, 
by the Congress of the United States. He was after- 
ward transferred to the Twenty-eighth Regiment of 
United States Infantry, and promoted to a First 
Lieutenancy. His command later was recalled to 
America and stationed at Fort Snelling. While there 
he studied law, took the degree of B.L. at the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota and shortly thereafter was as- 
signed to duty as Judge Advocate, with the rank of 
Captain, the position he now holds. 


(Ht^hntl 3R0bert yttoita "0! Peto0tr" 

In the list already given of the children of Colonel Rob- 
ert Lewis and his wife, Jane Meriwether, will be found 
the name of Anne Lewis, a daughter, who married John 
Lewis, of Spottsylvania, *'the honest lawyer,** of Vir- 
ginia. He was a son of Zachary Lewis, bom in 1702, 
and his wife, Mary Waller, and a grandson of Zachary 
Lewis, bom in 1650, who came to Virginia in 1692, but 
the name of his wife is unknown. 

John Lewis, a son of Anne Lewis and her husband, John 
Lewis, was bom October 18, 1729, baptized Novem- 
ber 23, 1729, died September 12, 1780. His will was 
admitted to record 1780. His family home was ''Bel 
Air," situated twenty miles from Fredericksburg, 
Virginia. After a period of two hundred years it is 
still owned by a member of the family. 

Among the children of Anne Lewis and her hus- 
band, John Lewis, was 
Mary Lewis, who married in 1784 David Meriwether, son 
of William and Martha Coxwood Meriwether, A 
son of this marriage, Henry Wood Lewis Meriwether, 
bom in 1790, married in 1811 Jane Meriwether, A 
Marian Wood Lewis Meriwether, bom in 1821, married 
in 1840, James Wier Gilson. A daughter of this 

212 (if ^cejrtreb J^ce 

Mabtha Meriwether Lewis Oilson, bom May 24, 1849, 
married Hugh Henry Herdman, December 14, 1871. 
Hugh Henry Herdman, bom at Haverstraw, New 
York, was a son of William John Herdman and his 
wife, Jane Hunter, natives of County Antrim, Ire- 
land, who came to America about 1836. She died in 
1856, he in 1883, and both are Imried at Jerseyville, 

The children of Martha Meriwether Lewis Gilson 
and her husband, Hugh Henry Herdman, were, first, 
Marian Gilson Herdman, born at Morrisonville, Illi- 
nois, June 1, 1873, baptized in the Presbyterian 
Church, Brighton, Illinois, August 3, 1884, died at 
Crawfordsville, Indiana, October 2, 1895. Second, 
Hugh Henry Herdman, Junior, bom at Morrison- 
ville, Illinois, November 11, 1875, baptized in the 
Presbyterian Church, Brighton, Illinois, August, 
1884; received the degree A.B. from Wabash Col- 
lege, Crawfordsville, Indiana, 1896; A.M. from Col- 
umbia University, New York City, 1898, and of Ph.D. 
in 1899. He occupied the Chair of English, Portland 
Academy, Portland, Oregon, 1899-1906. Was chosen 
Principal of East Portland, Oregon, High School, 
September, 1906; married Isabella Mogean July 17, 
1907. Third, Albert Meriwether Herdman, bom at 
Morrisonville, Illinois, September 15, 1883, baptized 
in Brighton Presbyterian Church, August 3, 1884; 
received the degree of A.B. from Wabash College, 
Crawfordsville, Indiana, June, 1906, and made his 
home at Boise, Idaho, 1909. 

Jklhth H\t (ftreat- 

Colonel (George |(eabe. 

Cornelia Sf. '^eslep li^o^an. 

Among the children of Colonel Robert Lewis, **of Bel- 
voir," and his wife, Jane Meriwether (Colonel Robert 
Lewis being the great-grandson of Colonel George Reade 
and his wife, Elizabeth Martian), was 
John Lewis, bom about 1725, who, in Deed Book number 
five of the Albemarle County, Virginia, records, de- 
scribes himself as *Mohn Lewis of Halifax." In 
three distinct deeds his wife, Catharine, joins with 
him, and as shown by records of the same county, he 
qualified as executor of his father's will in 1766. 

The ancestry of John Lewis has been fully pre- 
sented in the foregoing pages, and it will be found 
that the lineage of his wife, Catharine Fauntleroy, 
is also traced through distinguished, noble and royal 

Catharine Fauntleroy was the daughter of Colonel 
William Fauntleroy, of **Naylor's Hole," and was 
mentioned in his will, dated 1757, as was also her 
mother, Apphia Bushrod, daughter of John Bush- 
rod, Gentleman. Colonel Moore Fauntleroy (whose 
wife, Mary Hill, was a daughter of Colonel Edward 
Hill, ''of Shirley," Virginia, Governor of Maryland 
in 1649), was the great-grandfather of Catharine 
Fauntleroy. He came to America, settling in Vir- 

214 (^f ^ttjfixth ]^t 

ginia before 1643, and brought with him a ''confinna- 
tion of arms," which will be interesting to his many 
descendants. Through him Catharine Fauntleroy 
was a lineal descendant of both Alfred the Great, and 

The '^ confirmation of anus" above alluded to, was 
granted in 1633, and is as follows: 

*'To all and singular to whom these p'sents shall 
come. Sr. John Boroughs, Kt. Garter, principall 
Kinge of Anns of Englishmen, sendeth greeting. 
Kiiow yee that Moore Fauntleroy, Gent., sonne of 
John Fauntleroy, Gent., the only sonne of William 
Fauntleroy of Cranndall, in the County of South- 
ampton, Gent., who beare for his Coate Armour gules 
three infant head, couped argent, crined or, which 
arms they and their ancestors have borne tyme out 
of mind, and now being desired by the said Moore 
Fauntleroy, Gent., to umbblazon and set forth his 
said coat of arms, with the crest there unto belonging 
(that is to say:) On a wreath of his cullers and 
flower de liz or. between two angell's wings displayed, 
azure, mantled gules, doubled argent, as are more 
plainly depicted in the margent hereof. The which 
armes and crest before expressed, I, the said Sr. John 
Borough, Kt. Garter, principal Kinge of Armes of 
Englishmen, by yee authority annexed unto the office 
of Garter by the statutes of the Most Noble Order of 
the Garter, continued practice and the letters pat- 
ents of my said office, made unto mee under the 
greate Seal of England, do by these p'sents declare, 



« !■ . 



216 ®f ^teptr^b Jftate 

died July 20, 1835, at Hickory Flat, near Florence, 

The children of Lewis Buckner Allen and his wife, 
Mary Catharine Jones, were six in number: 1, Ap- 
phia Lewis Allen, who married John Hightower; 
2, William Ward Allen; 3, John Lewis Allen; 4, 
Ann Catharine Allen, who married John Donelson; 
5, Bichard Allen; 6, Elizabeth Crowley Allen, bom 
1817, married April 3, 1834, Captain Clinton Heslep. 
Captain Heslep was born December 10, 1810, in West 
Calm, Pennsylvania, and was the son of Joseph Hes- 
lep and his wife, Susan Kendig Heslep. Joseph Hes- 
lep moved from Pennsylvania to Kentucky in 1813, 
and later to Alabama, where he developed the first 
iron works of that part of the country. His sister 
Hannah married Bernard Van Lear, and they were 
the ancestors of the family of that name in Nashville, 

Elizabeth Cbowley Allen Heslep, who died March 5, 
1849, and her husband. Captain Clinton Heslep, who 
died in 1896, in Alabama, had five children: 

1, Mary Cornelia Heslep, who married John Hood; 

2, Christian Heslep; 3, Lewis Buckner Heslep; 4, 
Joseph Heslep ; 5, Clinton Heslep. Of these children 

Lewis Bucknee Heslep was bom June 22, 1838, in Ala- 
bama, and married November 22, 1860, in Trenton, 
Tennessee, Grizelda A. Seat, a daughter of Capt^n 
Robert Seat and his wife, Martha Gilchrist. Captain 
Robert Seat was a son of Robert Seat and his wife, 
Mary Iredell, both of North Carolina. Martha Gil- 


(^ #tqrfreb Jtee 217 

Christ was a daughter of Dr. Allen Gilchrist and his 
wife, Dorothy Lane, also of North Carolina. 

Dr. Allen Gilchrist was a son of Thomas Gilchrist, 
Gentleman, and his wife, Martha Jones, a daughter 
of Robin Jones. The Jones coat of arms, as shown 
on silver still in the possession of the family, dis- 
plays 'Hhree lions rampant,'' the crest being a uni- 

Dorothy Lane was a daughter of Colonel Joel 
Lane and a granddaughter of Colonel John Hinton, 
both of North Carolina. The home of Colonel Joel 
Lane, called ' ' Bloomsbury, ' ' occupied the site of 
the present town of Raleigh. He served thirteen 
consecutive years in the Legislature of North 
Carolina. According to a tradition handed down in 
the family, Colonel Joel Lane had the same ancestry 
as Sir Ralphe Lane. The latter came with Sir Rich- 
ard Grenville to the new world in 1585, founded the 
colony of Roanoke and became the first Governor of 
the colony. 

Lewis Buckner Heslep, who died June 1, 1905, in 
St. Louis, Missouri, and his wife, Grizelda Seat 
Heslep, had three children: 1, Cornelia S. Heslep, 
bom March 1, 1862, in Trenton, Tennessee; 2, Ver- 
non Benton Heslep, bom April 15, 1864, in Colum- 
bus, Kentucky; 3, Lewis Buckner Heslep, bom Feb- 
ruary 4, 1867, in Trenton, Tennessee. 
Cornelia S. Heslep married September 22, 1880, in St. 
Louis, Robert George Hogan, who was bom in Eng- 
land, and was the son of Thomas Hogan, an officer 

218 (if #teptreb Jtee 

in the British army. He was also a nephew of Hon. 
John Hogan, of St. Louis, who represented that city 
in the Congress of the United States, and was one 
of the wealthiest and most influential men of the city. 
To Cornelia S. Heslep Hogan and her husband, 
Robert George Hogan, were bom five children: 

1. Reginald R. Hogan, Lieutenant in the United 
States Marine Corps, born December 12, 1881, in 
St. Louis, Missouri. 

2. Hazel Heslep Hogan, born in St. Louis, June 
22, 1883; married April 15, 1903, in St. Louis, 
Ephraim Brevard Cockrell, son of Francis Marion 
Cockrell, who was United States Senator from Mis- 
souri for forty years. 

3. Robert Cecil Ilogan, born July 26, 1885, in St. 
Louis, Missouri. 

4. Gladys Grizelda Hogan, bom March 7, 1889, 
in St. Louis, Missouri. 

5. George Vernon Hogan, born March 9, 1895, at 
Webster Groves, St. Louis County, Missouri. 



^Ifvth tl|e (Sreat. 
Captain Joi^n W^est 

It would be difficult to find a linejige comprising a 
larger number of distinguished names than tliat briefly 
presented in this chapter, reacliing l)ack, as it does, not 
only to Alfred the Great, but to many other sovereigns. 

Through Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, son of Henry the 
Third of England, and thirteenth in descent from Alfred, 
the line comes through the noble house of De Mowbray 
to that of the Lords de la Warr; thence through Captain 
John West of Virginia to his gi*eat-granddaughter. 
Unity West, who married William Dandridge. Their 

Martha Dandridge, married Philip Aylett, and a son of 

this marriage. 
Colonel William Aylett, Burgess for King William 
County in 1774, member of the Convention in 1776, 
and later Colonel in the Continental Army, married 
Mary, daughter of Colonel James Macon and his 
wife, Elizabeth Moore. Their son, 
Philip Aylett, bom 1767, died 1831, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Patrick Henry and his wife, Sarah Shel- 

The name of Patrick Henry will always be con- 
spicuous in the list of great Americans. He was a 
distinguished lawyer at the age of twenty-four, later 

220 O^f ^ttfixth Jtee 

a delegate to the Virginia Convention, and the patriot 
who sounded the keynote of the struggle for Ameri- 
can independence. It was he who said : ' * I am not a 
Virginian, but an American 1 ' ' His eloquence was of 
a vivid, startling, contagious quality, of a marvel- 
ously compelling power, and those who listened to 
his denunciation of wrong and tyranny, his fervid 
defense of liberty and right, rose with him to those 
lofty heights of patriotism which, unaided, they 
could never have attained. Whence came this power, 
unless it owed its origin in some degree to the far 
distant past, to hereditary forces for generations 
overlaid and hidden? 

Tracing back through the Robertsons, of Scotland, 
and through them to the royal house of that land, 
Patrick Henry gave to the new world its richest gift 
of native oratory. His father was John Henry, who 
married Sarah Winston, of a distinguished Hugue- 
not family, and, as already stated, his daughter, 
Elizabeth, married Philip Aylett. A daughter of 
this marriage, 

Maey Macon Aylett, married Philip Fitzhugh, and their 

Lucy Fitzhugh, married John Robertson Redd of Vir- 
ginia. A daughter of this marriage, 

Lucy Robertson Redd, married William Jaquelin HoUi- 
day, of Winchester, Virginia. William Jaquelin Hol- 
liday is the possessor of a most distinguished as well 
as royal lineage. Through the Jaquelins, Carys, 
Smiths of Purton, and Warners, he is descended 

dW ^tqrfreb 3^ace 221 

from Colonel George Beade and his wife, Elizabeth 
Martian, and as already fully shown in this volume, 
through them from Alfred the Great. 

The three children of Lucy Robertson Redd and 
her husband, William Jaquelin Holliday, are thus 
doubly dowered in the matter of ancestry. The eld- 
est, Ariana Ambler Holliday, married Henry W. 

Their children are Edward Jaquelin Bennett and 
Louise Bennett. 

The second child, a son, Jaquelin Smith Holliday, 
married Florence Baker. Their children are Will- 
iam Jaquelin Holliday, Frederick Taylor Holliday, 
Alice Baker Holliday and Lucy Holliday. 

The third child, Lucy Fitzhugh Holliday, married 
George E. Hume. Their children are William Man- 
sur Hume and Jaquelin Holliday Hume. 

(dtnen (Sgitebb, prince of '^ottif Walts. 
^onorablt BlUlkm 'fortes, (Sotientor of il}t (ELolong of ]Stto l^akicn. 

JRarg l^annalf ^tobbarb Jlol|nstou. 

To those unfamiliar with the characteristics of Welsh 
history, it may be a matter of surprise that among this 
people, to a more marked degree, perliaps, than any other, 
was family history preserved \\ith scrupulous fidelity. 

Nevertheless, in old Cymru, this family history or 
genealogy was not preserved primarily as matter of fam- 
ily pride, but because upon it lay the foundations of the 
natioual properly laws, and upon these depended the 
adjustment of estates. In other words, *' genealogies 
were in Wales the legal title deeds." 

It was a part of the duty of the genealogist, or herald 
bard, of the royal court, to keep copies of the genealogies 
of all the under i)rinces and chiefs within the king's do- 
main. The herald bard of Owen ap Howel l)ha also pre- 
served the descents of several princely lines over which 
doubtless his lord, Owen, exercised control. These rec- 
ords were guarded with the most jealous care, and only 
after the long and unsuccessful struggle for freedom fol- 
lowing upon the Norman conquest, and the driving back 
of the Welsh from the southern borders, were their rec- 
ords in any degree merged into those kept by the English. 

It is not always remembered that when Harry Tudor 
was crowned on Bosworth Field, and the cry swept over 
the heaps of dead and dying, ''King Harry! King Har- 

(Bi #teptreb Jtee 223 

ry!" that this cry voiced a hope which had slumbered in 
the hearts of Welshmen for more than a thousand years ; 
for here was a descendant of their royal Cimedda, 
who captured the crown at Carlisle about 460 ; of Cuned- 
da, who was ancestor of King Arthur, and also of Alfred 
the Great, and as they saw the last English king of Nor- 
man blood dead beneath their blades, the deathless spirit 
of the ancient Cymry awoke to new life and enthusiasm. 
Were there not some among them who recalled the words 
of their most renowned bard, when lamenting the death 
of Cunedda! 

** There is trembling in Caer Weir, 
In Caer Liwelydd, from fear of Cunedda the Burner; 
The men of Bemicia became pale for fear of him, cold 

terror seizing them. 
A chief of lion aspect, 
A fearless defender. 
Fierce, dauntless, irresistible.** 

These Welsh records are now aceossible to the student, 
but are comparatively unknown to the general reader, 
so this royal Welsh line is specially interesting, coming 
historically down, as it does, from Owen Gynedd, Prince 
of North Wales, through noble houses, to the 

Right "Reverend George Lloyd, D.D., Bishop of Chester, 
1604-1616, who married Anna, daughter of John 
Wilkinson, of Norwich. Their daughter, 

Ann Lloyd, married, as second wife, Theophilus Eaton, 
Governor of New Haven Colony, and son of Richard 
Eaton. Ann Lloyd Eaton died in London, 1659 ; her 
husband died in 1657. 

Hannah Eaton, a daughter of this marriage, was bom 
in London, 1633, died May 4, 1707, and married in 

224 0f ^tqrfreh 3b:te 

1659, William Jones, Governor of the Colony of 
New Haven. He died October 17, 1706. Their daugh- 

Elizabeth Jones, born in New Haven, Connecticut, Au- 
gust 28, 1664, died in 1712, married, as second wife, 
Captain John Morgan, son of James Morgan and 
his wife, Margery Hill Morgan. A son of Elizabeth 
Jones and her husband, Captain John Morgan, was 

William Moegan, bom 1693, died 1729, married July 3, 
1716, Mary, daughter of Captain James Avery and 
his wife, Deborah Stallion Avery. Their son, 

William Morgan, bom June 17, 1723, died April 11, 
1777, married July 4, 1744, Temperance Avery, 
daughter of Captain Christopher Avery and his wife, 
Prudence Payson Avery. A son of this marriage, 
'Israel Morgan, bom July 22, 1757, died June 4, 1816, 
married July 22, 1777, Elizabeth, daughter of Cap- 
tain Elijah Brewster and his wife, Elizabeth Fitch 
Brewster. Their daughter, 

Hannah Morgan, bom May 18, 1787, died September 9, 
1867, married, December 20, 1812, Jonathan Stod- 
dard, died 1859, son of Captain Mark Stoddard 
and his wife, Lucy Allyn Stoddard. Their son, 

Jamiss Gallup Stoddard, bom January 9, 1826, died Oc- 
tober 16, 1871, married, December 7, 1863, Margaret, 
daughter of Andrew Barr and his wife, Mary Auld 
Barr. A daughter of this marriage, 

Mary Hannah Stoddard, born February 28, 1865, mar- 
ried June 27, 1888, Robert James Johnston, of Hum- 
boldt, Iowa, son of John Johnston and his wife, Jane 
Porter Johnston. 


^Iftth tl|e (treat. 

(Eohiittl (Stor0e Jituht. 

Caroltnt ftir0iin« Xttnts. 

Elizabeth Warner, a granddaughter of Colonel George 
Reade, and his wife, Elizabeth Martian, married 
Councillor John Lewis, of Virginia. As already 
stated, their son. Colonel Robert Lewis, **of Belvoir," 
married Jane Meriwether. Another son. Colonel 
Charles Lewis, * ' of the Byrd, ' ' married Mary Howell. 
Among the children of Colonel Robert Lewis, **of 
Bel voir," and his wife, Jane Meriwether, was 

Colonel Robert Lewis, of Louisa County, Virginia, aft- 
erwards of Granville County, North Carolina, who 
married his first cousin, Frances Lewis, a daughter of 
Colonel Charles Lewis, ''of the Byrd," and his wife, 
Mary Howell. This Colonel Robert Lewis was a dele- 
gate to the Convention, November 12, 1776, to form 
the Constitution and make the laws for North Caro- 
lina. His associate delegates were Memucan Hunt, 
Thomas Person, Thornton Yancy and John Oliver. 
He died at his home, '^Cobbs Place," in North Caro- 
lina, in 1780. Among the children of Colonel Robert 
Lewis and his wife, Frances Lewis, was, 

flosEPH Lewis, bom about 1775, who married EUizabeth 
Walker. He served in the War of 1812, was a man 
of influence and large possessions, and died in 1845. 
Of his twelve children. 

226 0f ^teptreb J^te 

Charles Lewis, born 1812, moved to St. Lonis, Missouri, 
and in 1840, married Caroline Virginia Harwood, of 
Halifax County, Virginia. Ten cliildren were born 
to them and after tlie death of his first wife, Charles 
Lewis married Malvina Ilance. 

John Middleton Lewis, a son of Charles Lewis and his 
wife, Caroline Virginia Harwood, was horn in 1841, and 
married, in February, 1870, Martha Alice Marsh, of Battle 
Creek, Michigan, who was descended from the distin- 
guished families of Fowler, Volentine, Marsh and Clark, 
and was related to the well-known and illustrious Fiske 

There is nmch of interest connected with the family 
annals of Martha Alice Marsh Lewis, which her descend- 
ants should take pleasure in preserving. In *'The Fowl- 
ers in America," a volume to be found in the Lenox Li- 
brary, New York, will be seen an extended Fowler record, 
and from this it is learned that her ancestor, Joseph Fow- 
ler, was bom before 1610, in Derbyshire, England. In 
direct descent from this Joseph was Samuel Fowler, who 
entered the American army at the time of the Revolution, 
from New-burgh, on the Hudson, and was a gallant soldier 
and prominent citizen until his death in 1798. His tomb- 
stone is still standing in old St. George Cemetery. 

This Samuel Fowler married Charlotte Purdy, and 
their daughter, Elizabeth Fowler, bom July 5, 1744, died 
July 6, 1818, married Major Samuel Clark. He was com- 
missioned lieutenant by Washington, at White Plains; 
captain at Poughkeepsie, June 16, 1778, and raised an in- 
dependent company. lie was i^romoted to the rank of 

0f ^tepireb JIatc 227 

major, 1779, lieutenant-colonel in 1792, brigadier-general 
Ninth Brigade, 1804, and major-general, 1814. A daugh- 
ter of Elizabeth Fowler and her husband, Major-Oeneral 
Samuel Clark, Martha Clark, married Stephen Volentine, 
of Saratoga County, New York. Both died in 1852, at 
Battle Creek, Michigan. A daughter of this marriage, 
Harriet Volentine, born September 7, 1809, married Oren 
Marsh, born in New Hampshire, 1804. His grandfather, 
Sanmel Marsh, of Croyden, New Hampshire, served in 
the French and Indian war of 1756 in the company com- 
manded by Captain Ebenezer Lamard, of Oxford, Massa- 
chusetts. Oren Marsh located in Detroit, Michigan, in 
1830, where his influence as an educator and a leader in 
military affairs won immediate recognition. He held 
many positions of honor, and was finally appointed by 
Governor Mason, of Michigan, State Librarian, being the 
first to hold this office in a State now eminent for its col- 
leges and libraries. A daughter of Oren Marsh and his 
wife, Harriet Volentine Marsh, Martha Alice Marsh, mar- 
ried John Middleton Lewis, of St. Louis, Missouri, in 
1870. There are three children of this marriage, Harriet 
Volentine Lewis, who married William J. Rowley (and 
has two children, John W. Rowley, born January, 1900, 
and Mabel Rowley, born in 1901), John Roy Lewis (who 
married Aurelia Douard, of St. Louis, Missouri), and, 
Caroline Virginia Lewis. 

As will be seen from the descent given, John W. 
Rowley and Mabel Rowley are great-great-great- 
great-grandchildren of both Colonel Robert Lewis, 
**of Belvoir," and Colonel Charles Lewis, *'of the 

228 0f ^ttfitth 3ftace 

Byrd/' Through these brothers they descend from 
Colonel George Reade, and trace back to Alfred the 
Great, Charlemagne, and other royal ancestors. 
They also descend, through their grandmother Mar- 
tha Alice Marsh Lewis, from distinguished soldiers 
and patriots, who gave their strength and the best 
years of their lives to the establishment of the great 
American nation. 

Many of the facts presented are matters, of estab- 
lished history, others are derived from family let- 
ters, the knowledge of reliable individuals, and 
papers preserved in the archives of **The Daughters 
of the American Revolution." 



The American family presented in this chapter is de- 
scended through a double line from Charlemafi;ne, Hugh 
Capet and Robert the First, Kings of France. It will also 
be seen that the lineage includes Alfred the Great. Mal- 
colm Canmore,King of Scotland, and Llewellyn the Great, 
of Wales, besides the most illustrious noble houses of 
England and France. A daughter of Robert the First, 
King of France, 
Princess Adela, married Baldwin Fifth, of Flanders. 

Their daughter, 
Matilda, or Maud, married William the Conqueror. Their 

Hbnbt the Fibst, of England, married Matilda, of Scot- 
land, daughter of Margaret Atheling, and her hus- 
band, Malcolm Canmore. A daughter of this mar- 
Maud, ob Matilda, married Geoffrey Plantagenet Their 

son was 
Henby the Second of England, whose son, 
John Lackland, King of England, was father of 
Henbt the Thibd, whose son was Edward the First, of 
England. The marriages of these monarchs appear 
on other pages. A granddaughter of Eldward the 
First, Eleanor de Barr, married Llewellyn ap Owain 
ap Maredudd, and a granddaughter of this marriage. 

230 m ^teptreb J^atc 

Eleanor, married Oryffitli Vychan. This Gryffith 
Vychan was a lineal descendant of Robert First, King of 
France, through his son, Henry First, of France (a 
brother of the Princess Adela, who married Baldwin, of 
Flanders). Thus, as stated above, a double line of royal 
descent is given, and the line reaching GryfiSth Vychan 
includes many most interesting ancestors. A great-grand- 
daughter of King Henry, Elizabeth (daughter of Isabel, 
who married Robert, Earl of Leicester), married Gilbert, 
Earl of Pembroke. They were the parents of Richard de 
Clare, called **Strongbow," who appears in another chap- 
ter. Sir Ralph Bigod was a great-grandson of Richard 
de Clare, and a great-great-granddaughter of Sir Ralph 
Bigod, the Lady Joan, married Roger de Mortimer, Earl 
of Marche. 

With this alliance a most attractive historic line is in- 
troduced, for this Roger de Mortimer was a descendant 
through the Princess Gladuse of Llewellyn the Great, 
perhaps the strongest and most picturesque character 
appearing upon the stage of any nation during the latter 
part of the eleventh and early part of the twelfth cen- 

The blood of the great Welsh King and hero, Cunedda, 
ran in the veins of Llewellyn, Cimedda, who wore the 
royal girdle of gold, and who followed the ancient stand- 
ard showing the red-gold dragon on a green field, which is 
alluded to by early writers. It is also claimed that 
Llewellyn was a descendant of King Arthur. In 1188 
Gerald, the Cymro, conducted an archbishop through 
Wales that he might arouse enthusiasm in the Crusades, 

(^i ^tcptreb 3^te 231 

and he wrote of the young Llewellyn, only twelve years 
of age, as one who even then showed **the king's blood," 
which later was to produce so deep an impression not 
only upon the age in which he lived, but upon many suc- 
ceeding generations. 

At this time a hot warfare was in progress between 
the contestants for the Welsh throne. The father of Llew- 
ellyn, though of the blood royal, on account of a facial 
blemish, could make no claim to the throne. Such was 
the law of Wales. So Llewellyn was probably trained 
from earliest childhood to look to a future in which he 
would wield the sceptre which misfortune had withheld 
from his father. 

He married the Princess, of England, a daughter 
of King John, supported the English barons under Simon 
de Montford, and was killed in battle in 1282. All are 
familiar with the ancient legend of the faithful hound 
Gelert, and the child of Llewellyn, not Llewellyn the 
Great, but probably his grandson. There is reason for 
believing that the story, in the main, is true, for it may 
be traced back many centuries, and from very early days 
Gelert 's place of burial has been known, and the loyal 
dog held in tender veneration. 

As stated above, the Lady Joan, great-great-grand- 
daughter of Sir Ralph Bigod, married Roger de Morti- 
mer, Earl of Marche ; a great-granddaughter of this mar- 
riage, the Lady Elizabeth, married Gryffith ap Madoc 
Vychan, and their son, Gryffith Vychan, married Eleanor, 
a descendant of the royal line of Prance; so a double 
line is united in their descendants. A sister of Gryffith 

232 ®f ^teptreh ^sxt 

Vychan, Isabel, married Gronwy ap levan ap Howel, and 

from these two marriages descended both 

Maby, and her kinsman, Robert ap David Lloyd, in whose 
marriage the line was again doubled from Robert, 
King of France. A son of this marriage, Thomas 
ap Robert, married Catherine Robert Grifj&th, and a 
great-great-grandson of this marriage, 

Edwakd Foulkb, married Eleanor, daughter of Hugh ap 
Cadwallader ap Rhys, and came to America with his 
wife and children in 1698. Their home was in Penn- 
sylvania, in which State their descendants remained 
for many generations. A daughter of Edward Foulke 
and his wife, Eleanor, 

Jane Foulke^ married Ellis Hughes, and their son, 

WnjiiAM Hughes, married Amy Willets. A son of this 

Ellis Hughes, married Hannah Tamall, and their daugh- 

Phebb Hughes, married John Skelton. A daughter of 
this marriage, 

Elizabeth Se:elton, married Thomas Stansbury, and 
their son, 

John Skelton Stansbuby, married Mary Ann Mona- 
ghan. A daughter of this marriage. 

May Monelle Stansbuby, married Walter Damon Mans- 
field. Their home is San Francisco, California. 

^Ifreb tl|e (5re«t. 

Colonel (fteor^f 3^eabe. 

iRattie 3Robarb8 inager. 

Among the children of Councillor Jolin Lewis and his 
wife, Elizabeth Warner, will be found the name of Col- 
onel Charles Lewis, **of the Byrd," born October, 1696, 
died in 1779, and married in 1717 Mary Howell, daugh- 
ter of John Howell, "gentleman." 

Their home was the '*Byrd Plantation," in Goochland 
County, Virginia, which took its name from the limpid 
stream, '*The Byrd," which flowed through its produc- 
tive acres; but besides this, he had other estates with 
many slaves and large herds of cattle. He was an officer 
in the French and Indian wars, a member of the Council, 
and a man of position and influence in his community. 

His home, ''The Byrd Plantation," became one of the 
notable colonial estates, and the life led by its family 
circle was generous, hospitable, and far-reaching in its 
social influence. The children and grandchildren were 
allied by marriage to the leading families of the State, 
and wielded a strong power in both political and social 
circles. The will of Colonel Charles Lewis was probated 
in 1779, and is a most interesting document on account of 
the sidelights which it throws upon the life of that day, 
as well as upon his family relations. 

He bequeaths to his ''beloved wife, Mary Lewis,** his 
whole estate, both real and personal, for her natural life. 

234 (©f ^tcptreb Jtate 

She is also named as executrix without bond. The will 
alludes to several different estates, to slaves and cattle, 
and mentions eight children by name. Many interesting 
heirlooms have come down to his descendants, the rarest 
of china and glass, and the quaintest of silver, all of 
which was doubtless brought in those early days from the 
mother country. The children of 

Colonel Charles Lewis and his wife, Mary Howell, but 
probably not in order of birth as here recorded, were : 

1. John Lewis, who married his first cousin, Jane Lewis, 

daughter of his uncle. Colonel Robert Lewis, **of 
Bel voir," and his wife, Jane Meriwether Lewis. 

2. Chables Lewis, married Mary Randolph, daughter of 
Isham Randolph and his wife, Jane Rogers Ran- 

3. Robert Lewis, married Jane Woodson, daughter of 

Tucker Woodson. 

4. James Lewis, who married Elizabeth Taylor, bom 
July 9, 1735, daughter of John Taylor and Catherine 
Pendleton, daughter of Philip Pendleton and his 
wife, Isabella. 

5. Frances Lewis, married her first cousin, Robert 

Lewis (called Colonel Robert Lewis, of Louisa 
County), son of Colonel Robert Lewis, **of Belvoir," 
and his wife, Jane Meriwether Lewis. 

Among their children were James Lewis, who mar- 
ried Susanna Anderson ; Charles Lewis, who married 
Nancy , and Joseph Lewis, who married Eliza- 
beth Walker. 


(^i ^tcptreb JRate 235 

6. Elizabeth Lewis, married William Kennon, of Hen- 
rico and Chesterfield Counties. Their son, 
Richard Kennon, married Celia Ragland. This 
Richard Kennon was a delegate to the Hillsbor- 
ough Convention and a brother of William Ken- 
non, signer of the Mechlenburg Declaration. A 
daughter of this marriage, 
Elizabeth Lewis Kennon, married Boiling 
Hines. Their son, 
Richard Kennon Hines, married Emily Os- 
borne Nisbet. A son of this marriage, 

Richard Kennon Hines II., married Geor- 
gie Shackelford, daughter of James Shack- 
elford and his wife, Harriet Cowdry. Rich- 
ard Kennon Hines II. was born August 14, 
1830, at Midway, near Milledgeville, Geor- 
gia, and died September 20, 1894, at Mason, 
Georgia. He served in the War between the 
States and was Captain in the Thirty-sec- 
ond Georgia Regiment, Company D. The 
children of this marriage are Hannah 
Shackelford Hines, Emily Nisbet Hines, 
Richard Kennon Hines III. and James 
Shackelford Hines. Richard Kennon Hines 
III. married, April 19, 1904, Anne Llwellyn 
Watson, daughter of Honorable Edward 
Minor Watson and his wife, Lilly Moore 
Watson. They have one child, Richard 
Kennon Hines IV., born at Macon, Georgia, 
February 20, 1905. 

236 ^ Sfceiptc^ yiact 

7. AnnR IjKwih, married FVlmimd Taylor, son of John 
Taylor and his wirV, Catherine PendletoB. This 
John Taylor waa a »oii of James Taylor, who came 
to Virginia from Carli.sle, England, and his second 
wife, Mary Gregory. 

Franr'/;« Taylor, a daughter of Edmnnd Taylor and 
hiH wife, Anne I^wis, marrie^l Reverend Nathaniel 
MrKire. Their daughter, 
Anne Lewis Moore, married Edward Washing- 
ton I>ale. Of this marriage there were two 
daughter«, f^lvira 11. Dale, who married Jerome 
\i. I'illow, and had Cynthia S. Pillow, who mar- 
ried W. D. Bethell, and Martha W. Pillow, who 
married Ivemuel Long. The second daughter 
of Anne Lewis Moore and her husband, Edward 
Washington Dale, was 
Anne Lewis Dale, who married James Bob- 
ertson. Among the children of this marriage 
Mrs. Kellar Anderson, nee Jean Millar Rob- 
ertson, and Mrs. Thomas Day, nee Mary 

8. IIowKiJi Lkwis, married Isabella, daughter of Colonel 

ilenry Willis, founder of Fredericksburg, and Mil- 
dre<l IIowoll, his second wife. They left Virginia 
and moved to Granville County, North Carolina, 
where they established the home, **Elmwood,'' which 
became the center of one of the most cultured and 
patrician circles of the State. He served as Major 
in the Revolution, and later was a member of the 

(Bi ^teptreb Jftate 237 

state Senate. His will was proved at the February 
court of Granville County, 1814. His wife survived 
him, and died in her eightieth year. Their children 

1, Charles ; 2, Willis ; 3, Isabella, who married 

Jeffries; 4, Anne, who married Morton; 5, 

Frances, who married Samuel Bugg and left, 
among other descendants, Mrs. Charles F. Farns- 
worth and Miss Frances Church, both of Memphis, 
Tennessee, and Mrs. Richard Cheatham Plater, of 
Nashville, Tennessee ; 6, Jane Lewis, who married 
David Hinton, of **The Oaks,'' Wake County, 
North Carolina. (Their son, Major Charles Lewis 
Hinton, of ''Midway Plantation,'' near Raleigh, 
North Carolina, married Anne Perry. Their son, 
David Hinton, married Mary Carr. Their daugh- 
ter, Mary Hilliard Hinton, resides at the family 
home, ''Midway Plantation;" 7, Mildred who mar- 
ried John Cobb. Their home was at first in Gooch- 
land County, Virginia, but later in Georgia. (Their 
children were Howell Cobb, Secretary of the Treas- 
ury under Buchanan ; Mary Willis Cobb, Mildred 
Cobb, Susannah Cobb and John Addison Cobb) ; 

8, Mary, who married Kennon; 9, Howell, 

who married Betsy Coleman, of Goochland County, 
Virginia, daughter of Robert Coleman ; 10, Eliza- 
beth, who married William Ridley, a son of Wil- 
liam Ridley, of Southampton, Virginia, whose 
father, Robert Ridley, married Elizabeth Abridg- 
ton, in England, and came with his wife to Amer- 
ica in the ship Dorset, 1635. 

238 #f ^tepircb JRacc 

Sir Nicholas Ridley, who married Mary, daughter 
of Corwin of Workington, is thought to have been 
the direct ancestor of Robert Ridley. 

Maiy Ridley, a daughter of Elizabeth Lewis Ridley 
and her husband, Williaui Ridley, married Colonel 
Nathaniel Robards, of Granville County, North Caro- 
lina, a descendant of John Robards, who came from 
Wales in 1710, and settled in Goochland County, Vir- 
ginia. His son, William, served on the Conunittee 
of Safety in 1776, and had at least six sons and two 
sons-in-law in the Colonial Army ; one of the six sons, 
James, married Mary, daughter of Major Nathaniel 
Massie, and was father of Colonel Nathaniel Ro- 
bards, who married Mary Ridley. 

The Robards came of a race richly endowed with 
both mental and physical gifts. They were tall, 
graceful in bearing, courtly in demeanor, and while 
largely engaged in planting, were also devoted to in- 
tellectual pursuits. Colonel Nathaniel Robards lost 
by fire a rare collection of books and curios, and 
family records of great value inscribed upon vellum. 
To him and his wife, Mary Ridley, were bom eleven 
children, among them : 

1. William H. Robards, born October 1, 1806; 
died March 6, 1862. (His wife was Anne Eliza Toole, 
a woman of wealth, and conspicuous for her great 
beauty and social graces. Their daughter, Mrs. Lu- 
cius H. Terry, nee Mary E. Robards, resides at New 
Orleans, Louisiana) ; 2, Charles Lewis Robards, bom 
April 11, 1827; died November 22, 1870. He served 

(©f ^tcptrcb J^ate 239 

in the Civil War as aide-de-camp on the staff of Gen- 
eral Henry E. MeCuUoch, and married Julia Tabitha 
White, of Shreveport, Louisiana, who is descended 
from the families of Donelson, Owen and Lowe of 
Virginia, and Pumell of Maryland. This Lowe fam- 
ily is said to be descended from John Lowe, the 
renowned Bishop of Rochester. Julia T. White is also 
descended from Abraham Sublette and his wife, Su- 
sannah Dupuy, French Huguenots. Susannah was 
sister to Bartholomew Dupuy, of the Body Guard of 
Louis XIV., who came to America in 1700. Charles 
Lewis Robards and his wife, Julia T. White, had one 
child, Mattie Robards, who married August Mayer, 
(civil engineer and planter, now living in Shreveport, 
Louisiana), whose name appears at the head of this 

An early authority claims that in primitive times 
the name Ridley was derived from a place called 
^^Rugdal,'' that is, '^Ryedale," the Valley of Rye. 
From Scandinavia it would seem that some bearing 
the name went to France, for here Walgrinus Ridel 
was Earl of Angouleme and Piragord, probably as 
early as 885. He was kinsman to Charles le Bald, 
King of France, and married Rosalind, daughter of 
the Duke of Aquitaine. Their descendant in the 
eighth generation is said to have been Galfridus 
Ridel, who followed William the Conqueror to Eng- 
land. His oldest son, Galfridus Ridel, second, be- 
came Lord Justiciary of all England during the reign 
of Henry the First. He married Geva, daughter of 

240 (^f ^tejrtreb Jftate 

the Earl of Chester, the nephew of William the Con- 
queror. From the time of the Norman Conquest the 
family held landed estates in England, and the name 
may be found on the Battle Abbey Roll and Dooms- 
day Book. Ridley Hall, Cheshire, as belonging to 
Byron Ridley, was known in 1157. 

It is claimed that the most ancient charter in exist- 
ence issued by a king to a layman bears date 1125, 
and was bestowed by King David of Scotland upon a 
member of this family, Geoffry Ridale. Grey, writ- 
ing in 1649, speaks of the antiquity of the family, and 
quaintly remarks, ^*They have been so independent 
that some have said they kept a boat of their own in 
the time of the flood, and so were under no obliga- 
tions to Noah." 

l^enrg tt\t tiTlprbt Ping of ^nglanb. 
Attttc pnleg JHrJftttt JBtrituctliet. 

King Henry the Third, son of King John and his wife, 
Isabella of Angouleme, grandson of Henry the Second, 
great-grandson of Henry the First, and so twelfth in 
direct descent from Alfred the Great, was bom at Win- 
chester, in 1207. 

At the age of nine, Henry became a king and passed 
through the solemn ceremony of coronation at Gloucester. 
Under the regency of William Marshall, Earl of Pern- 
broke, the affairs of the nation were wisely handled, but 
this nobleman died and the control of the nation passed 
largely into the hands of Hubert de Burgh. 

The young prince was gentle and yielding, easily in- 
fluenced and most impressionable, reaching manhood 
with these traits even more strongly emphasized than 
in his youth. After assuming the reins of government, 
the open favoritism shown foreign courtiers caused 
general dissatisfaction, and later the rising under 
Simon de Montfort led to the battle of Lewes in 1264. 
As a result the king was virtually a prisoner until the 
victory of Evesham, when rescued by his son Edward, 
known in history as Edward the First. 
King Henry the Third married Eleanor of Provence. 

Their second son was 
Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, who died in 1296. . He mar- 

242 (©f ^ceptrcb 3^cc 

ried Lady Blanclie of Artois, daughter of Robert, 
Count of Artois, and his wife. Lady Matilda of Bra- 
bant. From them, in the direct line of descent, thir- 
teen generations later, was born 
Sarah Ludlow, who married, as fourth wife, Colonel 
John Carter, of ^^Corotoman," Lancaster County, 
Virginia. Colonel Carter came to Virginia from 
England about 1643, and held many miportant of- 
fices. He was a member of the House of Burgesses, 
County Justice and member of the Governor's Coun- 
cil. He died June 10, 1669. 

Colonel Robert Carter, the only son of Robert Carter 
and his wife, Sarah Ludlow, was boni in 1663. In 
1688 he married as first wife Judith, daughter of 
John Armistead and his wife, Judith Armistead. 

Colonel Robert Carter was Speaker of the House 
of Burgesses, Treasurer of the Colony, and from the 
extent of his domain and princely manner of living 
was known as **King Carter." To him and his wife, 
Judith Armistead, was bom 

Edward Carter, **of Blenheim," who married Sarah 
Champe, daughter of Colonel William Champe 
of Fredericksburg, a grandson of Robert Champe, 
who located ** College Lands" in James City County, 
1623. The residence of Colonel William Champe was 
first in Spottsylvania County, then in Fredericks- 
burg, where a home of stately style and generous pro- 
portions became a recognized centre of culture and 
An incident of the War of the Revolution, which 

(^f #ccptreb 3R«te 243 

is well worthy of record and remembrance, is told in 
Lossing's ** Field Book of the Revolution," and re- 
lates to John Champe, first cousin of Sarah Champe, 
who married Edward Carter, *'of Blenheim." Ho 
was attached to General Lee's division and had al- 
ready made an enviable reputation for patriotism, 
courage and sagacity, when he was sent to join 
Arnold (who had deserted), with the hope of captur- 
ing and delivering him to Lee. A night was ap- 
pointed for the enterprise, General Lee had a boat 
and party of soldiers waiting for Champe and his 
prisoner, but the plan miscarried, for on that day 
Arnold changed his headquarters and sent Champe 
with his legion to Virginia. Champe made his es- 
cape at Petersburg and received the highest com- 
mendation from both Washington and Lee for his 
loyalty and daring. 

Elizabeth Carter, daughter of Edward Carter, **of Blen- 
heim," and his wife, Sarah Champe, married Wil- 
liam Stanard, **of Roxbury," Spottsylvania County, 
Virginia, who was a member of the House of Dele- 
gates and held other important offices of state at 
various periods from 1787 to 1802. This William 
Stanard was a great grandson of Major Harry Bev- 
erly (son of Robert Beverly, the first of the name in 
America, and member of an old and distinguished 
English family). He was also a great-grandson of 
William Stanard and his wife (who was a daughter 
of Colonel Edwin Conway and his wife, Martha El- 
tonhead). The families of Conway and Eltonhead 

244 (^f ^tqrfreb J^ate 

contribute many distinguished names to this line of 
descent, many of them famous soldiers and states- 
men, and all of them men who appreciated the re- 
sponsibilities entailed by noble birth. In the Stan- 
ard line should always be remembered with tender 
veneration Beverly Stanard, a little cadet of the Vir- 
ginia Military Institute, who fell with a number of 
his boy comrades in the bloody fight of New Market 
during the civil war. He well sustained the chivalric 
traditions of his people and should be honored among 
their heroes. 

Mary Champe Stanard, daughter of Elizabeth Carter 
and her husband, William Stanard, **of Roxbury," 
married Archibald Campbell, and 

Mary Champe Campbell, a daughter of this marriage, 
married William Chapman White. William Chap- 
man White was son of Cliapman Wliite and his wife, 
Mary Maury, and through her descended from the 
line of Jean de la Fontaine, of the province of Main, 
France, and of Matthew Maury, of Castle Mauron, 
Gascony, France, 

Anne Cowden White, daughter of William Chapman 
White and his wife, Mary Champe Campbell, 
married Samuel Finley McNutt, who was fourth in 
descent from Alexander McNutt and his wife, Jane, 
who emigrated to Augusta County, Virginia, from 
Ireland, in 1743. This Alexander McNutt is said to 
have been one of the first to change the spelling of 
his name from MacNaught to McNutt. His father, 
John MacNaught, went from Scotland to London- 



M ^teptreb JRate 245 

derry, Ireland, and is said to have been a descendant 
of Fergus MacNaught, who in 1448 was proprietor 
of the Kilquhanitee estate. 
Anne Cowden MoNutt, daughter of Samuel Finley Mc- 
Nutt and his wife, Anne Cowden White, married 
Minor Meriwether, son of Valentine Meriwether and 
his wife, Elizabeth Bolton. The Meriwether family 
has been one of great prominence in the South since 
the settlement in Virginia of its first American an- 
cestor, Nicholas Meriwether. Many of them have 
not only held, but been worthy of, the high offices 
conferred upon them. Minor Meriwether is sixth in 
direct descent from Colonel Nicholas Meriwether, 
who married Elizabeth Crawford, through David 
Meriwether, who married Anne Holmes. Their son, 
Thomas Meriwether, married Elizabeth Thornton 
(whose sister, Mildred Thornton, married Samuel 
Washington, brother of George Washington). Their 
son, Francis Meriwether, married Martha Jamison, 
and the son of this marriage, Valentine Meriwether, 
married Barbara Minor Cosby. Charles Meriwether, 
the son of this couple, married Mildred Oliver, and 
their son Valentine married Elizabeth Bolton. From 
this marriage came Minor Meriwether, who married 
Anne Finley McNutt. 

To Minor Meriwether and his wife, Anne Finley 
McNutt Meriwether, were bom five children: Minor 
Meriwether, Junior; William McNutt Meriwether, 
James Scaife Meriwether, Ann Florence Meriwether 
and Molly Fontaine Meriwether. 

Minor Meriwether, Junior, married, December 8, 
1908, Annetta Katharine Means, daughter of John 
Leiand Means and his wife, Minnie Monger Means. 

JUartlfa ISromn |lltosl|er. 

It has been said that **in qualities of character, and in 
magic influence of a name potent for good among suc- 
ceeding generations, Charlemagne stands second to none 
of the great ones of the world." When his mighty hand 
grasped the sceptre of destiny, a great darkness had over- 
spread the continent of Europe. Save for the scattered 
lamps of learning then dimly burning in Rome, and other 
great centres, and in widely separated religious institu- 
tions, a dense cloud of ignorance was everywhere apjmr- 
ent; but with his advent a light appeared upon the politi- 
cal and intellectual horizon, which has never been extin- 

Charlemagne was the first great genius of civilization 
to leave his impress upon the world, the grandeur and 
catholicity of his ideals influenced to a large degree the 
developments of his age, and while too greatly in advance 
of his generation for practical or complete accomplish- 
ment, their spirit was deathless. 

Descending in direct line from Charlemagne was Hugh 
Capet, with whose coronation in 987 the real history of 
France is claimed to have begun. He married Adela, 
daughter of William, Duke of Aquitaine, and his wife, 
Adelheid. A daughter of this marriage, 

®f ^teptreb J^te 247 

Princess Hadwega, married Rynerius IV., Count of Hain- 
ault, and their daughter, the 

Lady Beatmx, married Count de Rouci. Their daughter. 

Lady Adela, or Alix, married Hildwin, Count of Mont- 
dider and Bouci. A daughter of tliis marriage. 

Lady Margaret, married Hugh de Clermont. Their 

Lady Adeliza de Clermont, married Gilbert de Tonsburg, 
or Tunnsbridge, Earl of Clare, and their daughter, 

Lady Adeljza de Clare, married Alberic, Baron de Vere, 
who died in 1140. From this marriage, in direct line 
of descent, was 

Elene de Vere, who married Thomas Isham, Lord of 
Pytchley, in Northamptonshire, born in 1446. The 
name of the family is said to have been derived from 
their estate, and to have been written, '*de Isham," 
until the time of Robert de Isham, 1424, who dis- 
carded the *'de." A son of Elene de Vere and her 
husband, Thomas Isham, was 

Euseby Isham, who married Anne Poulton. Lineally de- 
scended from Euseby Isham and his wife, Anne Poul- 
ton, four generations later was 

Henry Isham, who was born about 1628, came to the 
Canaries and later joined the Virginia Colony. He 
died in 1676, at Bermuda Hundred, on the James 
River. Among the children of Henry Isham and his 
wife, Katharine (Banks) Royall, was 

Mary Isham, who married Colonel William Randolph, of 
Turkey Island, a member of the Council and House 
of Burgesses. He died in 1711, and their son, 

248 O^f §^Ct}fiXttt y^Htt 

IsHAM Randolph, of Dungeness, married Jane Rodgers. 
Among their children was Jane Randolph (wife of 
Peter Jefferson and mother of Thomas Jefferson), 

Maby Randolph, who married Charles Lewis, of Buckeye 
Island, son of Colonel Charles Lewis, of **the Byrd." 
As already set forth in this volume, Charles Lewis, 
''of the Byrd," was descended through Colonel 
George Reade from hoth Charlemagne and Alfred 
the Great, hence the descendants of Mary Randolph 
and Charles Lewis trace back through each to these 
and other royal houses. A daughter of this mar- 

Elizabeth Lewis, married Bennet Henderson, and their 

John Hendebson, married Ann Barber Hudson. Their 

Sabah Hendebson, married George P. Dorriss, and a 
daughter of this marriage, 

Mabtha Dobbiss, married Joseph A. Brown. Their 

Mabtha Bbown, married Arthur Anthony Mosher, now 
of New York City, a nephew of Susan B. Anthony. 
Their children are Arthur Byron Mosher, Howard 
H. Mosher, and Edwin Royal 1 Mosher, who inherit 
on the maternal side lines of royal ancestry tracing 
back both to Charlemagne and Alfred the Great 

#ttsie ^slfton €l)apman jerkins. 

The generations descending from the great Charle- 
magne to Hugh Capet, are douhtless familiar to every one 
interested in this phase of historic study. Those from 
Hugh Capet to Eichard de Clare, called * * Strongbow, " 
include lineal descent from the noble houses of Aquitaine, 
Hainault, de Rouci, de Clermont, de Tonsburg and de 
Clare, and this Richard de Clare, was one of the most 
striking figures, and one of the most epoch making, in the 
results of his career, of all the individuals belonging to 
these families. 

He appeared upon the political stage of England, dur- 
ing the reign of Henry the second, one of the greatest and 
yet one of the most unhappy rulers of his time, whose 
breadth of thought and capacity for wise adjustment, 
are shown in political innovations which materially af- 
fected national affairs. It was Henry the Second who 
appointed itinerant justices, and, also, trial by sixteen 
sworn recognitors, instead of trial by battle; the six- 
teen being taken from the county in which the case was 
to be tried, and the procedure bearing a close analogy to 
trial by jury. 

The youth of Richard had been largely devoted to the 
dissipations and extravagances of his age, and had been 
marked by no distinguished achievements, but a tragic 

250 ^i ^tcptrei Jlace 

and picturesque event in Ireland proved his opportunity, 
and he became tlie leader of a movement which mate- 
rially influenced the destiny of the Anglo-Norman fami- 
lies who followed him into that country, and of Ireland 

Of the five principal sovereignties of the island, Lein- 
ster was one of the most important, and of this, Dermot 
MacMorrough was king. Another of these principalities 
was Meath, and the Princess of Meath, the fair Derfor- 
gilda, had lost her heart to the gallant Dermot Mac- 
Morough. He was much her senior and had one child, 
the little Eva, Princess of Leinster, who doubtless was 
now, according to the custom of the time, cared for by 
gentlewomen in her father's castle of Fern. 

Something quite in keeping with the despotic methods 
which then obtained, but also much to be deplored, now 
took place. The Prince of Meath suddenly bestowed the 
hand of his daughter, Derforgilda, against her will, upon 
O'Rourk, Prince of Breffny, who immediately carried 
her to his own castle. The captive princess, as soon as 
possible, sent a summons to Dermot MacMorrough, ask- 
ing that he would come to her rescue. 

At once the brave MacMorrough started out with a 
company of knights for the castle of O'Rourk, and upon 
arrival found that its lord was in another part of the 
kingdom. No time was lost, the princess was rescued, 
carried to the castle of Fern, MacMorrough 's residence, 
and O'Rourk returning to his own estate, found his bride 
missing. This return is told with quaint pathos by the 
poet, Moore : 

(M #ccptreb J^acc 251 

The valley lay Rmilin;; before me, 

Where lately I left her behind; 
Yet I trembled, and something hung o'er me 

That saddened the joy of my mind. 
I looked for the lamp which she told me 

Should shine when her pilgrim returned; 
But, the darkness began to enfold me, 

Nu lamp from tlie biittlenienU burned 

I flew to her chamber, — 'twas lonely, 

As if the loved tenant lay dead! 
Ah, would it were death, and death only! 

But no, the young false one had fled. 
And there hung the lute that could soften 

My very worst pains into bliss. 
While the hand that had waked it so often 

Now throbbed to a proud rival's kiss. 

But the Prince of Breffny lost iittle time in grieving. 
He at once sought the aid of Roderick, King of Con- 
naught, and with a large force they pursued MacMor- 
rough, destroying his principal city and the royal castle. 
The unfortunate Princess Derforgilda was recaptured 
and confined in the monastery of Saint Bridget. Dcfrmot 
MacMorrough, driven from his dominions, sought the aid 
of Henry the Second, King of England, and as a result, 
Eichard de Clare, * * Strongbow, ' ' at the head of an Eng- 
lish force, came over to aid him, this aid being given upon 
condition that Eva, the young daughter of Dermot Mac- 
Morrough, be given Richard in marriage, and that Rich- 
ard become heir to the principality of Leinster. 

The achievements of Richard, ** Strongbow," are a 
matter of history, and vary somewhat as related by Eng- 
lish or Irish historians, but his marriage with Eva, Prin- 
cess of Leinster, which was the result of her father's ex- 

252 ^f ^teptreb JRate 

tremities after his capture of Derforgilda, are a matter of 
interest to those belonging to the line presented in this 
chapter, because of their descent from the marriage. 

A daughter of Richard de Clare, ^'Strongbow,** and 
his wife, Eva, was Lady Isobel de Clare, first wife of 
William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, and three genera- 
tions later, their great-great-granddaughter, Margaret de 
Stafford, married, as first wife, Sir Ralfe de Neville, first 
Earl of Westmoreland (his second wife being Joan de 
Beaufort), and their daughter, Alice de Neville, married 
Sir Thomas de Grey. A daughter of this marriage, Eliz- 
abeth DE Grey, married Philip, Lord D'Arcy, whose an- 
cestor, the Norman D'Arcy, is said to have come with 
William the Conqueror and to have received from him 
thirty-three lordships in England. 

Immediately following the period of Richard de Clare, 
and Henry the Second, came the reign of John ** Lack- 
land," with all its fateful issues, the period in which 
occurred the uprising of the barons with their de- 
mand for a reinforcement of the Charter of Henry the 
First, and the granting of a new charter which would 
ensure for all time the liberties which the great English 
speaking people had a right to exercise. 

The time for decisive and final action came, and on 
the nineteenth of June, 1215, King John, with his official 
retinue, and the company of determined barons, met at 
Runnymede. The two parties camped apart, like alien 
armies, the king on a shady little island, the barons a 
short distance away in a green meadow, with the river 
running between. The debate lasted several days, then 

(^i ^teptreb J^te 253 

the king granted all that was asked, and signed Magna 
Charta, the essential clauses of which have ** protected 
ever since the personal liberty and property of all free- 
men." The quaint lines following, by a modern ballad 
singer, relate to this event: 

An' was it near ye listening stream, 

That hastened squabbling by. 
An* was it where ye meadow green 

Within its clasp did lie? — 

Aye, aye, 'twas there, at Runnymede, 
Was signed the famous English deed. 

The mighty barons, Hugh Bigod, 

An* Gilbert, he of Clare, 
An* Saher de Quincy, Huntingfield, 

An* Robert, Vere de Vere. 

Aye, aye, the famous English deed 
Was signed that day at Runnymede. 

At Runnymede, beside tlie stream, 

The tyTant*8 heart beat low, 
For John o* Lackland needs must hear 

The message in its flow; 

An* sign he did, e*er he were rede. 
The Charta there at Runnymede. 

The twenty-five barons, who since that day have stood 
before all the world as the champions of liberty, were 
(and it is a most interesting fact) directly connected with 
the lineal descent followed in this chapter. Eighteen of 
these barons left descendants, and from each of the eigh- 
teen, lineal descent reaches this American family, while 
six of the barons who did not leave descendants, are 
related to this family collaterally. 

Elizabeth de Grey, mentioned above, married Philip 
d'Arcy, their son, 

254 #f ^ceptreb Jksttt 

John d'Arcy, married Margaret de Grey, a son of this 

Philip d'Arcy, married Eleanor Fitzhugh, and their 

Margaret d'Arcy, married Sir John Conniers, or Con- 
yers, and had, 

Eleanor Conniers, who married Sir Thomas de Marken- 
field. A son of this marriage, 

Sir Ninlvn Markenfield, married Dorothy Gaseoigne,. 
daughter of Sir William Gaseoigne, whose lineage 
is given in other pages, and as shown, traces royal 
descent through King Edward the Third back to 
Alfred the Great. A daughter of Sir Ninian Mark- 
enfield and Dorothy Gaseoigne, 

Alice Markenfield, married Robert Mauleverer, and 
their daughter, 

Dorothy Mauleverer, ref)resented in her line of descent 
the eighteen Magna Charta barons who left descen- 
dants. All the various lines meet in her and thus 
confer a distinction which even the most indifferent 
to ancestral honors cannot fail to appreciate. The 
eighteen barons were William d'Albini, Roger le 
Bigod, Hugh le Bigod, Henry de Bohun, Gilbert de 
Clare, Richard do Clare, Jolm Pitz Robert, Robert 
Fitz Walter, William de Huntingfield, John de Lacie, 
William de Lanvallei, William de Malet, William de 
Mowbray, Saher de Quincy, Robert de Roos, Geof- 
frey de Say, Robert de Vere, and Eustace de Vesci. 
The marriages between their descendants is an in- 
teresting but intricate and extended study. It can, 


d^f #tcptrei 3^cc 255 

however, be traced with directness and certainty, as 
already stated, to Dorothy Mauleverer, who married 
Jolin Kaye, of Woodersome. Their son, 
Edward Kaye, married Anne Tyrrwhitt, daughter of Rob- 
ert Tyrrwhitt, of Kettlehy, Lincolnshire. A daugh- 
ter of this marriage, 
Lucia Kaye, married John Pickering, and they had 
Elizabeth Pickering, who married Robert Throckmor- 
ton, of Ellington, Huntingdonshire. This marriage 
introduces a most interesting personal element, and a 
line of descent reaching back many generations. Sir 
William Dugdale speaks of John de Throckmorton, 
Lord of the Manor of Throckmorton, in the valley 
of Evesham, about fifty years after the Norman Con- 
quest. It was doubtless an old Saxon family, 
which held these estates in very early days. John 
Throckmorton, descended from this line, was with 
the Earl of Warwick at Caen, Normandy, in the 
fifth year of Henry Fifth, and married Eleanor, 
daughter and heir of Sir Guy de la Spineto, Lord of 
Coughten Court, Warwickshire. Their son, Thomas 
Throckmorton, Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leister, 
married Margaret, daughter and coheiress of Sir 
Robert Olney. A sister of this Thomas Throckmor- 
ton, Maud Throckmorton, married Sir Thomas Green, 
and was ancestress of Katharine Parr, sixth queen of 
Henry the Eighth. A grandson of John Throckmor- 
' ton mentioned above, and son of Sir Thomas Throck- 
morton and his wife, Margaret Olney, was Robert 
Throckmorton, who married Catherine, daughter of 

256 m ^teptreb J^te 

Sir William Marrow. Their son, George Throck- 
morton, married Lady Catherine, daughter of Nich- 
olas, Lord Vaux, of Harrowden (who was an aunt 
of Katharine Parr). This Sir George Throckmor- 
ton was thrown into prison by Thomas Cromwell, 
Earl of Essex, but his wife appealed to Queen Kath- 
erine Parr, a near kinswoman of George Throckmor- 
ton, as well as of herself, and by her intercession 
with the king, Sir George's life was spared, and three 
of his sons, Clement, Nicholas, and George, were 
given positions of importance at court. A son of 
Elizabeth Pickering and her husband, Robert Throck- 

Gabriel Tiikockmorton, married Alica, daughter and 
heiress of Sir William Bedles, of Bedfordshire; their 

Robert Throckmorton, of Ellington, married, as second 
wife, Judith, daughter of Sir Thomas Bromsall ; their 

John Throckmorton, married Frances, daughter of Sir 
Edward Mason ; a son of this marriage, 

Gabriel. Throckmorton, who came to Virginia before 
1684, married, in 1690, Frances Cooke, daughter of 
Colonel Mordecai Cooke, of Gloucester County. A son 
of this marriage. 

Captain Mordecai Throckmorton, married Mary Reade, 
a daughter of Thomas Reade, (son of Colonel George 
Reade, whose descent from Alfred the Great is given 
in earlier pages of this volume), and his wife, Lucy 
Gwynne, who was a granddaughter of Colonel Wil- 


(^i S^teptreb JRate 257 

liam Bernard, and his wife, Lucy, daughter of Cap- 
tain Robert Higginson. This Bernard descent gives 
another royal line to the descendants represented in 
this chapter, as William Bernard was from Alfred 
the Great through Edward the First and the de 
Clare, de Audley, de Neville, Le Scrope, and other 
noble houses. A son of Captain Mordecai Throck- 
morton and his wife, Mary Beade, Hon. Thomas 
Throckmorton, married Mary Hooe, daughter of John 
Hooe, and his wife, Anne Fowkes. Their son, Mor- 
decai Throckmorton, married Sarah McCarty Hooe 
(daughter of Bernard Hooe and his wife, Mary Sym- 
mes Chichester). A son of this marriage, Colonel 
John A. Throckmorton, married Mary Barnes Tutt 
(daughter of Colonel Charles Pendleton Tutt and his 
wife, Anne Mason Chichester Tutt). Their grand- 
son, Charles Wickliffe Throckmorton, married Char- 
lotte Edgerton Alvord. Their children are Eliz- 
abeth, John Wickliffe, Edgerton Alvord and Alwyn 
Alvord Throckmorton. 

A daughter of Captain Mordecai Throckmorton 
and his wife, Mary Reade, 

Lucy Throckmorton, married her first cousin, Robert 
Throckmorton. A daughter of this marriage, 

Frances Throckmorton, married General William Mad- 
ison, a son of Colonel James Madison and his wife, 
Nelly Rose Conway. The Conway line is one of 
marked historic distinction, while that of William 
Madison, a brother of President James Madison, in- 
cludes the Taylor descent given elsewhere in this 

258 m ^teptrei J^te 

volume. A daughter of Frances Throckmorton and 
her husband, General William Madison, 

Rebecca Conway Madison, married Reynolds Chapman, 
son of Richard Chapman, an English lawyer, and his 
wife, Jane Johnson (a descendant of Nicholas Meri- 
wether and his wife, Elizabeth Crawford). A son 
of Rebecca Conway Madison and her husband, Rey- 
nolds Chapman, 

John Madison Chapman, married Susan Cole, daughter 
of William Cole and his wife, Mary Frances Alex- 
ander, of ** Effingham" (she being a daughter of 
Colonel Gerard Alexander and his wife, Elizabeth 
Ashton Alexander). John Madison Chapman and 
his wife, Susan Cole, had eleven children, among 

Susie Asuton Chairman, who married Calvin Perkins of 
Columbus, Mississippi, now a prominent member of 
the Memphis Bar, and son of Calvin Perkins (of 
South Carolina, descended from the Perkins family 
of Shropshire, England), and his wife, Louise Allen 
Blakeney. She was a granddaughter of James Blake- 
ney of Ireland, who belonged to the family of General 
Sir Edward Blakeney, buried in Westminster Abbey. 
The children of Susie Ashton Chapman Perkins 
and her husband, Calvin Perkins, are Blakeney Per- 
kins, Ashton Chapman Perkins, Belle Moncure Per- 
kins, Louis Allen Perkins and William Alexander 

The Throckmorton **arms," as shown, are from a 
photograph kindly loaned by Mr. Charles Wickliffe 

d^f ^ceptreb JRate 259 

Tlirockiiiorton of the arms brought to Virginia in 
1769 by John Throckmorton of Ware Parish. On 
the back of the original are the lines, ** Extracted 
from evidences preserved in the Herald's Office, Ijon- 
don, by Ralph Higland, Somerset Herald and Keg'r., 
:i March, 1769." 


^Ihti tl)c (Brcat. 

Colond (geor0e Jleabe. 

^nna (Sag Vittlet piatet. 

Among the children of Colonel George Reade and his 

wife, Elizabeth Martian, elsewhere given, will be found 

the name of 

Mildred Reade, w^lio married Colonel Augustine Warner. 
Their daughter, 

Mildred Warner, married Ijaurenee Washington, bom 
at Bridge's Creek, Westmoreland County, Virginia 
(died 1G97), son of Colonel John Washington (bom 
in England about 1G31, died in Virginia 1679, mar- 
ried three times), and his first wife, Anne Pope. 

It would seem a sufficient tribute to the name of 
Washington to declare that it was borne by the 
greatest of all Americans, but in addition to this 
it should be remembered that it is also of ancient 
and long-recognized dignity in the old world, 
having been known in England among the landed 
gentry, though not exactly in its present form since 
the thirteenth century. Some three hundred years 
later, in 1588, Laurence Washington, of Sulgrave, 
married at Aston-le-Walls, Margaret Butler, who 
was eleventh in descent from King Edward the First 
of P]ngland and his second wife, the Princess Mar- 
garet, daughter of Philip the Third, King of France. 
Through this marriage the descendants of Laurence 

d^f ifceptreb JRate 26 1 

Washington, of Sulgrave, and his wife, Margaret 
Butler, trace back from Edward the First to Alfred 
the Great, and a great-great-grandson, the John 
Washington mentioned above, who married Anne 
Pope, conferred this lineage upon his son, Laurence 
Washington, who married Mildred Warner. A son 
of this marriage, 

Augustine Washington, married as second wife Mary 
Ball (born in 1707-8), and their daughter, 

Elizabeth Washington, bom June 20, 1733, married 
Colonel Fielding Lewis, grandson of Councillor John 
Lewis and his wife, Elizabeth Warner (the latter 
being a granddaughter of Colonel George Eeade and 
his wife, Elizabeth Martian). A son of this mar- 

Laurence Lewis, bom April 4, 1767, married Eleanor 
Parke Custis, daughter of John Parke Custis and 
his wife, Eleanor Calvert, and granddaughter of 
Mrs. George Washington. The marriage occurred 
at Mount Vernon on February 22, 1799, the sixty- 
seventh birthday of George Washington. A daugh- 
ter of this marriage, 

Frances Parke Lewis, born at Mount Vernon November 
27, 1799 (died January 30, 1875), married 
Edward George Washington Butler, son of General 
Edward Butler and his wife, Isabella, daughter of 
Captain George Fowler, of the British Grenadiers. 

Major Laurence Lewis Butler, a son of this mar- 
riage, was bom in Louisiana, March 18, 1833 (died 
June 3, 1898), having served during the Civil War 



11 : 


264 (©f ^ceptreb JRace 

the Province of Maryland. Though only twenty-five 
years of age, he at once commanded recognition in 
his chosen profession, was one of the organizers of 
the Maryland Diocesan Convention and of the system 
which oven yet is in force in the Diocese of Maryland 
and that of Washington. lie was president of the 
Maryland Standing Committee from 1791 to 1804, 
and on occasion of the absence of Bishop Claggett, 
was President of the Convention. 

Reverend Thomas Reade married October 14, 1779, 
Sarah Magruder, daughter of Colonel Zadoc Ma- 
gruder and his wife, Rachel Pottinger. Zadoc Ma- 
gruder was born at Dumblane, Prince George Coun- 
ty, and died in Montgomery County, Maryland, in 
April, 1811, having served as a Colonel in the War 
of the Revolution. 

The parents of Zadoc Magruder were John Ma- 
gruder and his wife, Susanna Smith, a daughter 
of Nathan Smith. She was descended from Evan 
Thomas of Wales, whose family was both ancient and 
distinguished. Her grandfather, Philip Thomas, 
was one of the Royal Commissioners governing 
Maryland. John Magruder was a son of Samuel 
Magruder and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Colonel 
Ninian Beale. Samuel Magruder held many offices 
of trust and distinction. In 1696 was High Sheriff 
and Captain of Militia for Prince George County, 
Maryland; later was one of the signers of the ad- 
dress of congratulation sent to King William upon 
his escape from assassination; was member of the 


Olliaptcr ^l)trttctl| 

Aifreb ti|f (Kreat. 

(Eoionei ttfor0e ^teabe . 

JFane JReabe anb jN^orman be tlere Ifomarb. 

On the page oontaining a list of tlie cliildron of Colonel 
(Jeorge Keade and his wife, Elizal)eth Martian, will be 
found the name of their son, 

Bknjamin Reade. The exact date of his birth is not 
known, but he died about 1731. It was on his estate 
that Yorktown was built, the site having been 
selected by the Assembly in 1691, and this property 
he doubtless inherited from his grandfather, Nich- 
olas Martian, the patentee and first owner after the 

Benjamin Reade 's wife, Lucy, is believed to have 
been a daughter of Edward QwjTin, son of the Rev- 
erend John (iwynn, rector of Ware and Abingdon 

QwYNN Reade, son of Benjamin Reade and his wife, Lucy 
Reade, was a vestrjman of Petsworth Parish and a 
Captain of the Matthews County Militia. He died in 
1762, and in 1766 his widow, Dorothy, married Cap- 
tain Francis Amiistead. 

Thomas Reade, a son of Qwynn and Dorothy Reade, was 
bom on Qwynn 's Island, March 18, 1748; was edu- 
cated at William and Mary College, and ordained at 
Fulham Palace in 1773 by Richard Terrick, Bishop 
of London, thus obtaining a license to minister in 

^'4 0^ MfCZT^tzA JmCT 

» — _ 

iT.. *«=: V3.T •: n 1: r-in'^iiir- ?ri:::ir •"T^>r« Conn- 
:7. iz : ;.^: .^ Viiu-: ii-rrr •lo::i.rr. M^rylaod, in 
Air... Irll. '^:z."'.z.z r.^.^^^\ ii a O . Ltrl :e ibe War 

Tifr jar-^L:-; f 21st/i:-:- Masr^s-ier were John Ma- 
gTD'Jer ai:«i lis -sE-irr. .S-js^nna SiLith. a daughter 
of Xatr.aL .Snitii- Mrr "s-a-s de5-xrniie«l from Evan of Wa>s. -aL* se laniiv was l>jtij ancient and 
di.stiijgTiis'Le^L Her 2Tan»lfather, Philip Thomas, 
was one of the Koyal Commissioners governing 
Maryland. John Ma^ruder was a son of Samuel 
Magruder and his wife. Sarah, daughter of Colonel 
Xiniau Beale. Samuel Magruder held many offices 
of trust and tlistinction. In 1696 was High Sheriff 
and Captain of Militia for Prince George County, 
Maryland; later was one of the signers of the ad- 
dress of congratulation sent to King William upon 
his escape from assassination; was mem]>er of the 

(Bf ^teptreb JRace 265 

House of Burgesses from 1704 to 1707, and was one 
of his Majesty's Commissioners in 1G97. The father 
of Samuel Magruder was Alexander Magruder, the 
immigrant, bom in Scotland, died in Calvert County, 
Maryland, in 1677. He is said to have been an officer 
in the army of Charles the Second of England, and 
to have been taken prisoner at the battle of Worces- 
ter. His first wife, the mother of Samuel, was Mar- 
garet Braithwaite, cousin of the second Lord Balti- 
more. Alexander Magruder, the immigrant, was the 
son of Alexander Magruder (of Clan Macgregor), 
and his wife, Lady Margaret Drununond. The wife 
of Colonel Zadoo Magruder, Bachel Pottinger, who 
died January 8, 1807, was the daughter of Robert 
Pottinger and his wife, Anne Evans, and a grand- 
daughter of Bichard Hall, immigrant, member of the 
House of Burgesses, a large land owner and promi- 
nent in all affairs affecting his community. The Pot- 
tinger family, from which Bachel, the wife of Col- 
onel Zadoc Magruder, descended, traces back to very 
early days in England, and through John Pottinger 
of Maryland, ''gentleman, colonist and planter," to 
illustrious lines which represented the wealth and 
aristocracy of Prince George County. 

The children of Beverend Thomas Beade and his 
wife, Sarah Magruder Beade, were: 1, John Ma- 
gruder Beade, who married Mary Ann Clark; 2, 
Elizabeth Beade ; 3, Bobert Beade, who married first 
Jane Lackland, second Frances B. Davis (the chil- 
dren of this marriage were Ignatius Davis Beade, 

266 (M ^teptreb 3to;e 

I \ 




ii ■ 

|! i 

who married Martha Elizabeth Cooke; Jane Beads, 
Eliza Beade; Frances Bebecca Beade; Mar- 
garet Eliza Beade; Sarah Beade, who married Bever- 
end George E. Post, M.l)., LL.U., and had Alfreda 
Post, who married Beverend Charles L. Carhart; 
Bertram Van Dyke Post, M.D., of Constantinople, 
who married Caroline H. Hardin ; Wilfred Mellvaine 
Post, M.I)., of Caesarea, Asia Minor, who married 
Annie Stabb, and Isabella Beade). 4, Snsanna 
Beade, who married Alexander Snter, a son of 
John Suter, Second Lieutenant of the Middle Bat- 
talion, Montgomery County, Maryland, in 1777. The 
father of this John Suter was banished from Scot- 
land after the battle of Culloden. Alexander Suter 
was a great-grandson of Thomas Lamar, immigrant, 
and his wife, Martha Urquhart. The children of 
Susanna Beade and her husband, Alexander Suter, 
were : Thomas Beade Suter, who married Mary Scott 
and had Ida Suter, who marriel Clagett Holland; 
Virginia Suter, who married Bichard L. Mackall; 
Thomas Suter; Alexander Suter, who married 
Emily Jenkins; Hugh Tyler Suter, Minnie Suter, 
who married W. B. Buck; Willy Suter, who mar- 
ried Veryte Andrews. Maria Fletcher Suter, who 
married Douglas St. James Howard, a cadet of the 
ancient house of Howard, of the branch of Corby Cas- 
tle, Cumberland, and had Edith Howard, who mar- 
ried Bobert Owen Allen (the children of this marriage 
are Algernon Sidney Allen; Henry Howard Allen; 
Maria Douglas Allen; Lewis Mines Allen, M.D.; 

(Hf ^teptreb 3^e 267 

Edith Morton Allen) . Nobman de Verb Howard, who 
married Anna Huntley Skinker ; Lelia Howard, who 
married D. Buckles Morrison (and had Eeginald 
Graham Morrison; Brenda de Vere Morrison; 
Edith Howard Morrison; Fitzalan Howard Morri- 
son, and Mary Montgomery Morrison). Sarah Suter, 
who married Eobert Watkins, and had Helen Wat- 
kins. Reverend Henderson Suter, a distinguished 
clergyman of the Episcopal Church, who married 
Minerva Davidson, daughter of a prominent mer- 
chant of Washington, D. C, and great-granddaugh- 
ter of a soldier of the Revolution, who received upon 
several occasions the personal commendation of 
Washington. (The children of Reverend Henderson 
Suter and wife, Minerva Davidson, were: Hender- 
son Suter, M.D. ; John Davidson Suter ; William Nor- 
wood Suter, A.B., M.D.; Alexander Suter; Frank 
Suter, A.M., and Frances Suter.) 

It is interesting to see the distinguished English 
names, Howard and de Vere, continued in this Amer- 
ican family. In 1409 Sir John Howard died in the 
Holy Land, leaving in England his wife, Joan, 
daughter of Sir Richard Walton, and his young 
daughter, Elizabeth. This Elizabeth Howard mar- 
ried John de Vere, Earl of Oxford. Later, in the 
time of Henry the Eighth, Henry Howard, trained 
in the courts of England and France, cup bearer to 
his Majesty, the first English writer of blank verse, 
translator of the ^neid and father of the English 
sonnet, married Frances de Vere. This Henry 

268 (Hf SfttfiXtb JSisXt 

Howard, Earl of Surrey, son of the Dnke of Norfolk, 
was beheaded on Tower Hill, London, in 1547, 
charged with bearing, quartered with his own proper 
anns, those of I^dward the Confessor. The offense, 
it serjiriH, was not mitigated by the fact that all the 
Howards had l)ome these arms since the grant to 
tlu*rii by Ui(.'hard the Second, nor by the remembrance 
that tijo young knight had borne them unchallenged 
in the presence of his king. 

The Howards of Corby Castle were lineally de- 
scended from ''Belted Will Howard,'* the famous 
Warden of the Marches in the reign of Elizabeth, 
whose chivalric character was conunemorated by 
Sir Walter Scott in ''The Lay of the Last Muistrel.'' 


^lirth ti|e (Sreat. 

(Tolonel tteor^e Jleabe . 

^Itzabetii ICee iftobtnson. 

The line of descent given in earlier pages from Alfred 
the Great, to Colonel George Reade, extended from the 
latter to Mary Louise Taylor, who married Archibald 
Magill Robinson, of Winchester, Virginia. 

The Robinson family traces back to very early days 
in Yorkshire, England, and its pedigree, as seen in the 
Harleian Manuscripts, reaches the year 1208. In the same 
Manuscripts the ''arms of William Robinson, out of ye 
north," are mentioned as conferred by the Herald of 
Arms in the Visitation of Leicestershire, 1610, and of Lon- 
don, 1633. The report of the Garter King of Arms is 
also to be seen confirming the arms of the Armagh, or 
Irish branch of the family. 

With small variation all the Yorkshire Robinsons of 
conse(|uence bear the same arms, those herewith shown; 
and these were brought to America by Alexander Rob- 
inson, who settled in Baltimore, Maryland, about 1780. 

The family is said to have descended originaly from 
the Robertsons, Barons of Strowan, Perthshire, but it 
seems to have been established in Yorkshire long before 
their estate, ''Rokeby," was made famous by Sir Walter 
Scott. According to some historians this property be- 
longed to a branch of the family many centuries ago, and 
came back by purchase to a member of the same family 

270 (©f ^teptreb Jtoe 

in 1610. Others still claim that it was acquired by mar- 
riage, but however this may be, it is now in the hands of 

Rokeby Castle was destroyed by the Scotch after the 
battle of Bannockburn, in 1314, and the Mansion of Roke- 
by was built by Thomas Robinson, on the same site, about 
1724. Barnard Castle is only a few miles distant, and 
the two estates seem always to have been closely associ- 
ated. The latter derived its name from Bernard, son of 
Guy Baliol, who accompanied the Conqueror into Eng- 
land, but was bestowed by Edward the First upon Guy 
Beauchamp, Earl of Warrick, and later reverted to the 

About 1650 Rokeby was inherited by Rev. Richard Rob- 
inson, who in 1751 went to Ireland as first Chaplain to the 
Duke of Dorset. Advancement followed quickly. He be- 
came Archbishop of Armagh, Primate of all Ireland, and 
a Peer of Ireland in 1777. It is stated that he expended 
in public works thirty-five thousand pounds, that he in- 
stituted various important reforms which greatly bene- 
fited Ireland, and that he discharged his responsibilities 
with dignity and ability. According to tradition there 
had been many migrations of the Robinsons to Ireland be- 
fore the time of Archbishop Robinson, and it is probable 
that the palatial residence built here by him and called 
''Rokeby Hall,'' was a gathering place for the ''clan'* (it 
is spoken of as the family residence for many years after 
his death), although he was not married, and had no fam- 
ily nearer than brothers and sisters and their children. 

It was said of him, **He was publicly ambitious of great 

(©f i^teptreb Jl^ate 271 

deeds, and privately capable of good ones, and that he 
supported the station of the Irish hierarchy with all the 
magnificence of a prince palatine." 

He erected an obelisk one hundred and fourteen feet 
high to commemorate his friendship with the Duke of 
Northumberland, in this and manv other deeds manifest- 
ing a tendency to idealism and sentiment which has been 
a prominent characteristic of otber members of the fam- 
ily. He made large gifts to the University of Oxford, and 
there his portrait by RejTiolds is preserved. He died in 
1794, aged eighty-six, and fourteen years earlier, 1780, 
Alexander Robinson came from Armagh to America. 

Alexander Robinson was bom near Londonderry, in 
1751, and it is said crossed the ocean in search of a 
brother, a soldier in the British Army, who had 
been killed in battle or died in prison. Later two 
brothers of Alexander Robinson, Archibald, and An- [ 

drew, came to the new world, and are said to have ^ 

made their homes, one in Pennsylvania, and the other 
in Virginia. Of the latter, Archibald, a very beauti- 
ful miniature is among the family relics, and it is 
said that the three brothers were all known in Balti- 
more, where Alexander Robinson lived, and were 
noted as three of the handsomest men of their time. 
Alexander Robinson married Priscilla (Lyles) Booth, 

widow of Robert Booth (son of Rev. Robert Booth), who 

was lost at sea when on a journey to England. 
The first ** Lyles" who came to this country was Robert 

Lyles, from England, who settled in Maryland about 1690. 

His home was in Calvert County, where he died in 1705. 



272 (Bf ^te^iireb ]Sistt 

He married Elizabeth Hilliary, daughter of Thomas Hil- 
liaiy, and his wife, Eleanor Sprigg (daughter of Thomas 
Sprigg of Northampton County). Thomas Hilliary was 
a son of Chamberly Hilliary, Baronet of Dunbury, Eng- 
land, and came to America about 1661. 

Eobert Lyles and his wife, Elizabeth Hilliary Lyles, 
had three children, among them Robert Lyles, who mar- 
ried Priscilla, surname unknown. They had Zachariah 
Lyles, who married Margery Belt, daughter of the dis- 
tinguished Colonel Joseph Belt and his second wife, Mar- 
gery Beale, daughter of Colonel Ninion Beale (original 
spelling of the name in a deed signed by Colonel Ninion 
Beale, is ''Bell.") The name ''Ninian,'' or ''Ninion,'^ 
is a very celebrated one in Scotland, and was borne by 
many members of the royal house of Stewart. 

Zachariah Lyles and his wife, Priscilla Lyles, had, with 
other children. Dr. Richard Lyles, who is the ancestor of 
Mrs. Priscilla Breathed Bridges, of Maryland; Anne 
Lyles, who married Archibald Magill (Archibald Magill 
was a descendant of Robert Magill, of the Island of Mull, 
off the coast of Scotland, who was knighted Viscount Ox- 
enburg by Charles the Second). The home of Anne Lyles 
and her husband, Archibald Magill, was near Winchester, 
Virginia, and her sister, Priscilla Lyles (the third child 
of Zachariah Lyles and his wife, Priscilla Lyles, who had 
married Alexander Robinson), was here on a visit at the 
time of her death, in 1790. 

Lyles Robert Robinson, the only child of Alexander Rob- 
inson and his first wife, Priscilla Lyles, was bom at 
Winchester, Virginia, June 4, 1790, died September 

274 #f ^teptreb J^te 

with warmth, affection and susceptibility even to the last, 
made him through life a good husband and fast friend." 
As already stated, there was but one child of the first 
marriage of Alexander Robinson and Priscilla Lyles Rob- 
inson, Lyles Robert Robinson, bom in Winchester, Vir- 
ginia, in 1790. Owing to the death of his mother he re- 
mained with her sister, Mrs. Anne Lyles Magill, wife of 
Archibald Magill, until old enough to join his father in 
Baltimore. Here he remained until the time of his mar- 
riage, November 9, 3813, to Catherine Worthington 
Goldsborough (widow of John B. Patterson), bom June 
10, 1794, died December 10, 1824, daughter of Dr. Richard 
Goldsborough and his wife, Achsah Worthington Golds- 
borough, of Cambridge, Maryland. 

The Goldsborough family is one of great antiquity, 
having held in England as Saxon nobles their estate, 
Goldesborough Chase, near Knaresborough, Yorkshire, 
before the Norman Conquest. There is in the British 
Museum a volume which devotes a number of pages to 
the church and village of Goldesborough ; there is also in 
existence a grant of several **cates" of land, by William 
the Conqueror, to the head of the family. 

The head of the Gouldesborough family in the time of 
Edward the Third was Sir John de Gouldesborough, 
knight, mentioned in the '*Life of Edward of Wood- 
stock," by Falkestone Williams. This Prince was with 
the English fleet off Wincholsea, August, 1350, in the en- 
gagement with the fleet of Spain, and the writer says: 
*'The additional proofs of heroism exhibited by the 
Prince in the engagement still more endeared him to his 

(if #teptreb JRate 275 

country, but the victory was attended by a considerable 
drawback on his pleasure in the loss of a friend to whom 
he was much attached, called Sir John de Gouldesbor- 
ough, of Yorkshire, a young knight of great valor and 
comely shape and noble deportment, who was very dear 
to the Prince on account of his extraordinary qualities and 
almost equal age and conformity of will and inclination." 

In Plut. LVT., the Goldsborough arms are given as 
''Cross fleury argent on a field azure. Crest, a pelican 
with wings endorsed, vulturing its breast;" motto, ''Non 
Sibi." Another crest was used by Bishop Godfrey Golds- 
borough, who lived about 1675, which was ''a peacock in 
its pride," with the motto, ''God prosper and give suc- 

There were both Abbots and Abbesses among tiie 
Goldsboroughs in early times. Anna de Goldesborough 
was Prioress of the Abbey or Nunnery Synnythwaite, 
near York, in 1529. Sir Richard Goldsborough married 
Janet, sister of Antonius Beeke, Patriarch of Jerusalem 
and Durham, who was called the "Fighting Bishop of 
Durham," and in the ancient correspondence preserved 
from the archives of beautiful Kirkstall Abbey, York- 
shire, is an epistle written from Canterbury, by one Ab- 
bot John, in which he says, "Sallute our dear friends," 
and among a half dozen names, that of Richard de Golds- 
borough is given. 

Goldsborough Chase was near the Robinson estate, both 
being in Yorkshire, and it is said that marriages were 
very frequent between the families during their early his- 
tory. As already stated, Goldsborough Chase was in the 

276 (if #teptreb J^te 

immediate neighborhood of Knaresborough Castle, said 
to have been built by the great Norman, Serlo de Burgo, 
soon after the Conquest. Interest in this section was re- 
vived by the work of Lord Lytton, for in the town of 
Bjiaresborough lived Eugene Aram, and near by in one 
of its picturesque caverns, he committed the brutal mur- 
der which remained concealed for thirteen years. The 
criminal, a man of erudition and ability, was then appre- 
hended and brought to justice. 

Catherine Worthington Goldsborough, who married 
Lyles Robert Robinson, was the daughter of Dr. Richard 
Goldsborough, and his wife, Achsah Worthington Golds- 
borough, who was a daughter of Nicholas Worthington, 
of *^ Summer Hill," Maryland, and granddaughter of 
Hon. Robert Goldsborough, barrister, who was an active 
patriot during the Revolutionary War. He was elected 
by the Maryland conventions to the Continental Congress, 
June 22 and December 8, 1774, and April 24, 1775. Mem- 
ber of the Maryland Committee of Safety, July, 1775. 
Member of the Maryland Convention to prepare the new 
Constitution of 1776. 

Robert Goldsborough married, in England, March 27, 
1775, Sarah, daughter of Richard Yerbury, of Bassing- 
Hall Street, London. She died December 20, 1788, in 
Cambridge, Maryland. He (Robert Goldsborough) was 
son of Charles Goldsborough and his wife, Elizabeth En- 
nalls, and descended from Nicholas Goldsborough of Mal- 
colm Regis, County of Dorset, England, and his wife, 
Margaret Howes. 

The marriage of Robert Lyles Robinson and Catherine 

(if ^teptreb JRate 277 

Worthington Goldsborougli occurred November 9, 1813, 
and immediately afterwards they established their home 
on his estate, '* Spring Hill," near Winchester, Virginia. 
Here a dignified edifice of stone, with ** walls thick enough 
to serve a fortress," was ready to receive them. It was 
large and commodious, but simple and unpretentious; 
there were slaves to care for the fields and the establish- 
ment, and the husband, only twenty- three (his young wife 
only nineteen), entered upon the responsibilities of a 
country gentleman. About them, in near-by Winchester, 
and on the adjoining estates, was a circle of gentle folk-of- 
fering congenial companionship and pleasures befitting 
their station. 

Ten children were bom to Robert Lyles Robinson and 
his wife, Catherine, who died December 10, 1828. Six 
years later he died. Both are buried in Winchester, 
Virginia. Their children were Angelina Goldsborough 
Robinson, who married Washington Winder Owen; Pris- 
cilla Ann Robinson, who died unmarried; Richard Alex- 
ander Robinson, who married Eliza Denne Pettet ; Golds- 
borough Robinson, who married Frances Anne Lee ; Ach- 
sah Robinson, who married John Henry Wright; Arch- 
ibald Maoill Robinson, who married Mary Louise Tay- 
lor; John McHenry Robinson, who married first, Ellen 
Boyd Anderson, second, Madeline E. Ruflfner, third, 
Maria Louisa Booker; William Meade Robinson, who 
married Ann Mason Bonnycastle, daughter of Charles 
and Ann Mason Tutt Bonnycastle, of Charlottesville, Vir- 

Charles Bonnycastle was a man of rare intellectual 

278 (M #t^ei JIate 

attainments, and came from England to occupy a 
chair at the University of Virginia. His wife, Ann 
Mason Tutt, was a descendant of the distinguished 
Mason family of Virginia, and of Alfred the Great, 
Rolf the Ganger, and Charlemagne. The line of de- 
scent from these monarchs includes the royal Scotch, 
German, French and English houses. From Ed- 
ward the First of England, through his marriage 
with Eleanor of Castile, it descends through the 
Princess Elizabeth, who married John de Holland, 
Earl of Huntington, through seventeen generations 
to Richard McCarty Chichester, who married Ann 
Thomson Mason; their daughter, Ann Mason Chi- 
chester, married Charles Pendleton Tutt, and a 
daughter of this marriage, Ann Mason Tutt, married 
Charles Bonnycastle. Their daughter, Ann Mason 
Bonnycastle, married William Meade Robinson, a son 
of Lyles Robert Robinson, and his wife, Catherine 
W. Goldsborough Robinson. There are two children 
of this marriage, Charles Bonnycastle Robinson, who 
married Helen B. Avery, and William Meade Robin- 
son, Second, who married Sallie McPheeters, of St 
Louis, Missouri. 

The children of Charles Bonnycastle Robinson and 
his wife, Helen Avery Robinson, are Avery Robin- 
son, Charles Bonnycastle Robinson, Junior; Dudley 
Avery Robinson, Goldsborough Cowan Robinson, 
and Helen Avery Robinson. 
One of the sons of Lyles Robert Robinson and his wife, 
Catherine Worthington Goldsborough Robinson, as al- 
ready shown, was 

(M ^teptreb J^te 279 

Abchibald Magill Robinson, born at the family home, 
** Spring Hill," near Winchester, Virginia, August 
23, 1821, died in Louisville, Kentucky, February 2, 
1904. The early years of his life were spent in Vir- 
ginia and Maryland, but in early manhood he joined 
his elder brother, Richard Alexander Robinson, in 
Louisville, Kentucky, where he resided the greater 
part of his remaining years. The life of Richard 
Alexander Robinson became in the fullest sense a 
potent factor in the life of his adopted city, and his 
name is one of the most highly honored of all those 
upon her roll of citizenship. 
Very rarely does one whose feet are set upon the prac- 
tical highway of life lead a deeply, ideally, spiritual ex- 
istence. Rarely is he contemplative or able to keep his 
psychic vision fixed upon the things unseen — ' ' the eternal 
verities ; ' ' but to a marked degree was this true of Abchi- 
bald Magill Robinson. 

He was an eminent and efficient churchman, a soul- 
stirring speaker in the great cause of religion, and de- 
voted a large portion of his time during long and arduous 
years to the uplift of tlie laboring class settled about his 
country home at Grahamton, Kentucky. It is probably 
true that few clergymen and no layman of the State ever 
rendered more distinguished service to the church than he. 
Although possessed of unusual business ability, his 
nature was so fine, his conception of the ethics which 
should underly business transactions so exalted, that to 
him material loss or gain were small considerations when 
compared with the slightest deflection from the course 
prescribed by his own high altruistic code. 

280 m *t:ephreb ^t 

His nature was transcendental in its simplicity and di- 
rectness, and marked by a high-bred reserve, tenderness 
and courtesy, which made the lines of the poet peculiarly 
applicable, for ''he passed through the world, wearing 
the white flower of a blameless life." 

The marriage of Archibald Magill Robinson, bom in 
Winchester, Virginia, but later of Louisville, Kentucky, 
to Mary Louise Taylor, has already been given. She is 
now in her eighty-sixth year, and a rare example of the 
gentlewoman of the * * old regime. ' ' Together with a clear 
comprehension of the events of the present day, she holds 
vivid memories of vanished generations and the pic- 
turesque environment of three-fourths of a century ago. 

The children of Archibald Magill Robinson and his 
wife, Mary Louise Taylor Robinson, were: 

1. Richard Goldsborough Robinson, born March 16, 
1844, married February 12, 1867, Laura Pickett Thomas, 
of Holly Springs, Mississippi, who was bom September 
23, 1849. Their surviving children are Thomas Pickett, 
bom September 4, 1874, who married Mary Sherman 
(they have one child, Laura Cranston Robinson, bom May 
25, 1904) ; Corinne, born September 4, 1874; Charles Bon- 
ner, bom February 7, 1880; Edith, bom January 4, 1884; 
Arthur Laurence, bom October 22, 1885; Edward Sen- 
teney, bom October 19, 1888, and Eloise, bom April 22, 

2. Lewis Magill Robinson, bom February 22, 1846; 
died December 28, 1873, unmarried. 

3. John Hancock Robinson, bom May 10, 1847; mar- 
ried August 24, 1886, Frances Lynn Scruggs, who was 

(M #teptreb J^ate 28i 

born July 25, 1865, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. To 
them was bom one child, Shelby Lee, July 8, 1888. 

4. Annah Walker Eobinson, bom November 5, 1848; 
married October 5, 1870, James Henry Watson (son of 
Hon. J. W. C. Watson and his wife, Catharine Davis, of 
Holly Springs, Mississippi), who was born January 3, 
1848. As shown elsewhere, their surviving children are 
Archibald Robinson Watson, James Henry Watson, 
Junior, Katharine Davis Watson Early, and Elizabeth 
Lee Watson Lowrey. 

5. Elizabeth Lee Robinson, bom July 27, 1850 ; living 
in Louisville, Kentucky. 

6. Robert Lyles Robinson, bom June 10, 1852; died 
June 29, 1867. 

7. William Brice Robinson, bom April 4, 1854; mar- 
ried. May 15, 1883, Elizabeth Boyd Rainey, of Dallas, 
Texas, who was bom April 16, 1862. Their surviving chil- 
dren are Anne Rainey Robinson, who married, November 
14, 1905, in Dallas, Texas, James Calhoun Harley (son of 
James Smith Harley, of South Carolina, and his wife, 
Katharine Cusach Harley). There is one child of this 
marriage, Anne Robinson Harley, bom November 15, 
1906. The remaining children of William Brice Robinson 
and his wife, Elizabeth Rainey Robinson, are Archibald 
Magill, Jane Boyd, William Brice and Elizabeth. 

8. Arthur Edwards Robinson, bom January 17, 1856 ; 
died March 21, 1892, unmarried. 

9. Zachary Taylor Robinson, bom October 14, 1857; 
married, September 23, 1885, Susan Luckett (daughter 
of Dr. Edward H. Luckett and his wife, Hartley Murray, 

282 (M ^teptreb fisitt 

of Owensboro, Kentucky), who was bom September 11, 
1861. To them were bom Zachary Lee Taylor, August 
10, 1886; Edward Luckett, December 20, 1888, and Louise, 
September 20, 1898. 

10. Alexander Meade Robinson, bom July 18, 1859; 
married January 8, 1885, Lillian Hammond. 

11. Henry Wood Robinson, bom December 31, 1864. 
His home is Louisville, Kentucky, where he is a practic- 
ing attorney. 

As stated above, Zachary Taylor Robinson married 
Susan Luckett. She is a descendant of John Alexander, 
who came from Scotland to America and settled in Vir- 
ginia, about 1659. As shown elsewhere in this volume, ac- 
cording to tradition, this John Alexander was descended 
from the most illustrious houses of Scotland, and was 
the fourth son of William Alexander, First Earl of Stir- 
ling, and his wife, Janet Erskine. This William Alexan- 
der was a direct descendant of Sir Robert Douglas, King 
Robert, * * the Bruce, ' ' and Alfred the Great. See Chapter 

John Alexander, mentioned above, had three sons : 1. 
Charles Alexander, who died, leaving no children. 2. 
Philip Alexander, who married Sarah Ashton. Their 
great-grandson, Gerard Alexander, married, as his sec- 
ond wife, his cousin, Elizabeth Henry Alexander. (Their 
son, Richard Barnes Alexander, married Susan Hart 
Wallace; their daughter, Letitia Alexander, is a resident 
of Ijouisville, Kentucky.) Also descended from Philip 
Alexander and his wife, Sarah Ashton Alexander, is Law- 
rence Dade Alexander, of New York City. 3. Robert 

(Bf #teptreb JRate 283 

Alexander, who married Frances Ashton, daughter of 
John Ashton (and sister of the wife of his brother 
Philip). A son of this marriage, John Alexander, mar- 
ried Miss Barnes, of Virginia, and their son, Richard 
Barnes Alexander, bom in 1770, in Virginia, died in 
Kentucky, in 1821, married in 1790, Elizabeth Toye Whit- 
ing (bom 1774 died 1857, daughter of Henry Whiting, 
Lieutenant in tlie Colonial Anny, and his wife, Humphrey 
Ann Frances Toye). They had, among other children, 
Elizabeth Henry Alexander, already mentioned as mar- 
rj'ing a cousin, Richard Barnes Alexander, and Anne 
Hartley Alexander, who married, first, Gustavus Brown 
Tyler, second. Dr. Robert Watts Murray. A daughter 
of this marriage, Ann Hartley Murray, married Dr. Ed- 
ward Hobbs Luckett, son of Alfred Luckett and his wife, 
Susan Hobbs, of Virginia. Their daughter, Susan Luck- 
ett, married, tfs already stated, Zachary Taylor Robinson. 

Among the children of Archibald Magill Robinson and 
his wife, Marj- Louise Taylor Robinson, appears the name 

Elizabeth Lee Robinson, who was bom at the family 
home, **Springfields," near Ix)uisville, Kentucky, in 
which city a large portion of her life has been spent. 
Miss Robinson is a woman of unusual literary ability 
and her extensive studies in Biblical and church his- 
tory, added to a rare facultj^ for lucid presentment of 
such subjects, have given her a wide sphere of useful- 
ness, and made her a strong exponent of higher re- 
ligious culture. 

As shown in earlier pages of this volume, 

Lady Isabel, or Elizabeth Vermandois, was sixth in de- 
scent from the Princess Edgiva (granddaughter of 
Alfred the Great), and her husband, Charles the 
Third, King of France. 

Tenth in descent from Elizabeth de Vermandois 
and her husband, William de Warren, Earl of Sur- 
rey, and descending through the noble houses of 
Warwick, de Harcourt, and de Beauchamp, was 

Lady Margaret de Beauchamp, who married Sir Oliver 
de St. John. Eighth in descent from tliis marriage 

Elizabeth St. John, bom in 1605, died in 1677. She mar- 
ried Rev. Samuel Whiting, D. D., of Lynn, Mass. 
Third in descent from this marriage was 

Martha Brainard, bom 1716, died 1754, who married 
Major-General Joseph Spencer. He was bom Oc- 
tober 3, 1714, at East Haddam, Connnecticut, died 
January 13, 1789, and was a great-great-great-grand- 
son of Richard Warren, who came to America in the 
Mayflower. Richard Warren is spoken of as ' ' Mr., * * 
a title given in early days as a mark of high charac- 
ter, and is described as a **man of integrity, justice 
and uprightness, of piety, and serious religion.'' Mr. 

(if #teptreb JRate 285 

Bradford said of him, **He bore a deep share in the 
difficulties and troubles of the Plantation. ' ' Major- 
General Joseph Spencer was a conspicuous figure 
during the troublous days of the colonies, and his 
worth and capacity were soon recognized by his con- 
temporaries. He was commissioned Lieutenant of 
Militia at Millington, Connecticut, May 14, 1747 ; Ma- 
jor in the Twelfth Regiment, March 8, 1759. He was 
Deputy to the General Court of Connecticut during 
a large part of the period extending from 1751 to 
1763, and was Judge of the Probate Court from 1753 
to 1772. 

The father of his wife, Martha Brainard, was Hon. 
Hezekiah Brainard. He held the offices of Deputy 
to the General Court of Connecticut, Clerk of the 
House of Representatives, and Speaker of the House. 

Third in descent from Major-General Joseph 
Spencer and his wife, Martha Brainard, was 

Eleanor Spencer, born August, 1803, at Vienna, Vir- 
ginia; married, September 10, 1821, at Spartanburg, 
South Carolina, to Walter Wadsworth; died June, 
1830, at Decatur, Georgia. 

Walter Wadsworth was seventh in descent from 
Sara Brewster and her husband, Benjamin Bartlett. 
Sara Brewster was a granddaughter of Elder Wil- 
liam Brewster, ''Founder of Plymouth Colony,** and • 
''Father of New England." 

Lucy Bomer Wadsworth (a granddaughter of Eleanor 
Spencer and Walter Wadsworth), married George 
Noble. To them were bom six children: Grace, 

286 (if #teptreb JRate 

Eobert Ernest, Elinor Louise (now Mrs. William 
Parker), Fred Dorset, Frank Milton and Stephen 

Grace Noble, the eldest of these children, married Walter 
A. Robinson, of Anniston, Alabama. Through the 
lines herein given she is a direct descendant of the 
distinguished Americans, Brewster and Warren; a 
direct descendant of Alfred the Great through Wil- 
liam Earl of Warren, as well as through his wife, 
the Lady Elizabeth de Vennandois. Through the lat- 
ter a direct descendant of Charlemagne, Henry the 
First of France, and the Princess Gerberga, of Ger- 

To Grace Noble Robinson and her husband, Walter A. 
Robinson, has been bom one child, Eloise Perry Rob- 
inson, born February 18, 1890. 

3Kob(rt %ruce tl|e JFtrat, lKtn|) of ^rotlanb. 
3lol)n Srttine. B. j0. 
'(Tlicodore ^ooseticlt. 

Kob(»rt Hru(*(» was (lcs(*en(le(l, as already shown, 
through Mah'olni Canniore from the royal Scotch line 
extending back to remote ages, and through Margaret 
Atheling, from Alfred the Great. Through his paternal 
ancestor, de Brus, a knight who came into England with 
the Conqueror, he couhl claim a noble Norman ancestry, 
and thus represented herediUiry influences which pro- 
duced the great national hero of his people. His mother 
was Isobel, a great-granddaughter of David the PHrst, 
King of Scotland, who married Robert de Brus, and 
their son, was **the Bruce, the Bruce of Bannockbum/* 

Trained in youth at the brilliant court of Edward the 
First, of England, he was, during early years, only half 
a Scotsman, but the period of indecision passed, England 
and English influences were set aside, and this done, there 
was no wavering in his constancy and loyalty to his own 
people. It is quite worth while, even most briefly, to 
emphasize such a product of a race, and to dwell, even 
for a moment upon incidents of a career which has so 
largely entered into the ideals of subsequent generations. 
Robert Bruce was crowned at Scone, in the spring of 
1306, by the Bishop of St. Andrew's, but two days later 
there was a second coronation under the most unusual 

288 (M #teptreh JRate 

According to the law of Scotland, to the Earl of Fife, 
as successor of Macduff, belonged the privilege of plac- 
ing the crown upon the monarch's head in the ceremony 
of coronation, but at this time, Duncan, Earl of Fife, was 
attached to the interests of England, and for this reason 
not informed of the event. His sister, Isabel, Countess 
of Buclian (ever since celebrated for her courage and 
patriotism), hearing of the ceremony at Scone, claimed 
the ancestral privilege of her family, in consequence of 
which the coronation exercises were repeated, and she 
served in place of her brother. 

Shortly after she fell into the hands of the English 
King, Edward the First, then waging war against *'the 
Bruce," and he, realizing what the spirit of such an 
intrepid woman might accomplish, ordered that *'the 
Chamberlain of Scotland do, in one of the turrets of the 
Castle of Berwick-upon-Tweed, cause to be constructed 
a cage, strongly latticed with wood, cross barred, and 
secured with iron, in which he shall put the Countess of 
Buchan, and that he do cause her to be so strictly guarded 
that she may not speak with any one of the Scottish na- 
tion, nor with any one else, saving with the woman who 
shall be appointed to attend her, or with the guard, who 
shall have custody of her person.'' In this rigid impris- 
onment her ladyship remained until released six years 
later by Edward the Second. 

When *Hhe Bruce," was crowned his wife predicted 
that he would '*be a summer king, but not a winter king," 
having small faith in the permanence of his rule. She 
was mistaken; he was a king for many winters as well 


- -' 

®f #tejrfrei ^t 289 

as summers, achieved national freedom for his people, 
was a wise legislator and administrator, was brave, lib- 
eral and pious, and in the opinion of one of his most 
reliable biographers, ^ ^ such a monarch as he only occurs 
once in many centuries. ' ' He is perhaps best remembered 
as the hero of Bannockbum, and the incomparable ode, 
by the greatest of Scotch bards, supposedly voices the 
address of the great warrior upon that occasion to his 
followers, and seems to thrill with the spirit of the Bruce 
himself : 

** Scots, wha hae wi' Wallace bled, 
Scots, wham Bruce has often led; 
Welcome to your gory bed. 
Or to Victory! 

Wha will be a traitor knave ? 
Wha can fill a coward's grave? 
Wha sae base as be a slave! 
Let him turn and flee ! 

Wha for Scotland's king and law, 
Freedom's sword will strongly draw; 
Freeman stand, or freeman fa', 
Let him follow me!" 

A great-grandson of Robert the First, 

Robert Bruce Third, King of Scotland, married Lady 
Annabella Drummond, daughter of Sir John Drum- 
mond, of Stothall, a member of the famous Drum- 
mond family, who had been possessed of Camock, in 
Stirlingshire, for many generations. 

Princess Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of King Robert 


I j 


290 (if ^ttiptvth 3^te 

the Third, and his wife, Lady Annabella Drummond 
(and sister of James the First, King of Scotland), 
married Sir James Douglas, Lord of Dalkeith and 
Morton. Of all the illustrious houses of Scotland, none 
is more potently connected with its history than 
that of Douglas, and if its traditions, which reach 
back to the reign of Solvatius, King of the Scots, 
in 770, may be accepted, they have displayed from 
the beginning a most warlike spirit, and a prowess 
at arms through which, in the development of events, 
was derived their name. 

The ancestor claimed in that ancient time is called 
in the Celtic **Sholto du Glas," meaning *Hhe swar- 
thy man,'' this being the description of a great chief- 
tain who with his clan came to the rescue of King 
Solvatius when almost overpowered by his enemies. 
From the two words, **du Glas," was derived, or so 
it is claimed, the name ''Douglas.'' 

A son of Princess Elizabeth Douglas and her hus- 

Sir James Douglas, Third Lord of Dalkeith, married 

Lady Agnes Keith, daughter of the Earl Marshal of 

Scotland. Their son. 
Sir John Douglas, married the heiress of Hawthomded, 

and a son of this marriage, 
David Douglas, of Tiliwhilly, married Janet Ogston. 

Their son, 
James Douglas, of Tiliwhilly, married Christian Forbes, 

of Tolquhoun, and a son of this marriage, 

Arthur Douglas, of Tiliwhilly, married Janet, daughter 
of Auchenleck of Balmaine. Their son, 

(if ^ttfixth Jtoe 291 

John Douglas, of Tiliwhilly, married Giles, daughter of 
Robert Erskine, who belonged to the illustrious fam- 
ily of that name ; and a son of this marriage, 

John Douglas, of Tiliwhilly, married Mary, daughter of 
Sir Peter Young. Their son, 

James Douglas, of Tiliwhilly and Inchmarlo, married Isa- 
bel, granddaughter of Sir John Ramsay, Lord of 
Bothwell, of Balmaine. Gallant, knightly, and loyal, 
the Ramsays had been famous since the time of King 
David the First, when they held estates in North 
Britain. A son of this marriage, 

John Douglass, of Inchmarlo and Tiliwhilly, married 
Grizel, daughter of Thomas Forbes (of Watertown), 
and his wife, Jean, daughter of David Ramsay of 
Balmaine. A son of this marriage, 

John Douglas, of Tiliwhilly, married Agnes, daughter of 
Reverend James Horn of Westhall, and his wife, Isa- 
bel, daughter of David Ramsay, of Balmaine. Their 

EuPHEMTA Douglas, married Charles Irvine, of Cults, 
near Aberdeen, and a son of this marriage, 

John Irvine, M.D., married Ann Eliza, daughter of Col- 
onel Kenneth Baillie. Doctor Irvine, bom in 1742, 
came to America and settled in Georgia about 1765. 
He was a member of the last Royal Assembly in that 
State in 1780, but shortly afterward returned to Eng- 
land, where he was for several years physician to 
the Admiralty. Later still he again made his home 
in Georgia, where he died, in 1808. A daughter of 
Doctor John Irvine and his wife, Ann Eliza Baillie 

292 (M ^teptreb Jtoe 

Anne Irvine, bom January, 1770, married Captain James 
-Bulloch, son of Archibald Bulloch (President of 
Georgia in 1776), and his wife, Mary, a daughter of 
Judge James de Veaux. Archibald Bulloch was a 
son of James Bulloch and his wife, Jean Stots. 
Among the descendants of Anne Irvine and her hus- 
band, Captain James Bulloch, is Doctor Joseph Gas- 
ton Bulloch, of Washington City. A son of Anne 
Tr\nne and lier husband. Captain James Bulloch, 

James Stephens Tivijix)CTi, married Martha Stewart, 
daughter of General Daniel Stewart. A son of this 
marriage, Irvine Bulloch, was an officer of the ''Ala- 
bama" at tlie time of her engagement with the 
''Kearsarge." Their daughter, 

Martha Bulloch, was bom at the family plantation in 
Liberty County, Georgia, but a large portion of her 
young life was spent at the summer home of the fam- 
ily at Roswell. Here a number of friends also owned 
homes, and thus was afforded a delightful social en- 
vironment for the beautiful Southern girl, who in 
early maidenhood was surrounded by many admir- 

The home of Major Bulloch was large and spaci- 
ous, with a broad portico, supi>orted by massive col- 
umns, extending across the entire front. Upon this 
opened a wide central hall, on each side of which 
were lofty rooms, and in this home was Martha 
Bulloch married, on December 18th, 1853, to Theo- 
dore Roosevelt, of New York. 
Prom this home she traveled northward, the early 

#f ^tqrfreli JRate 293 

stages of the journey being made in her father's 
coach, the latter in the historic stage coach of the 
period, and in a northern home, commodious, and 
attractive, she entered upon her new life. Here, 
though meeting all demands with dignity and dis- 
charging her duties with marked tact and ability, she 
remained to a conspicuous degree loyal to her own 
section and people. 

Among the children of Martha Bulloch Roosevelt 
and her husband, Theodore Roosevelt, are Anna 
Roosevelt (Mrs. W. S. Cowles), Corinne Roosevelt 
(Mrs. Douglas Robinson), and 
Theodore Roosevelt, bom in 1858. Two hundred years 
of life upon American soil, eight generations nurtured, 
as it were, at the very heart of the great republic, should 
produce a typical American, and for this period and un- 
der these formative influences the sturdy, high-minded, 
paternal ancestors of Theodore Roosevelt lived in this 
country before his birth. 

On the maternal side he came of four generations whose 
controlling and shaping influences had been quite differ- 
ent. They had breathed in the atmosphere and were 
molded by the environment of comparative leisure, re- 
moteness and space characteristic of the far South, the 
South, where into the woof and warp of character were 
woven the romance and fragrance of the great pine 
forests, the faint echoes of the receding tread of primeval 
possessors, the scent of orange and whispers from velvet 
petaled magnolias. All of this, with the far-reaching 
influence of that sense of dominance engendered, stimn- 

294 (if ^teptrreb Jtoe 

lated, and bequeathed by the ownership of slaves, that 
mastery, which, say what one will, works with a shaping 
though unconscious force in the development of character. 

An individual, a race, a nation, may evidence this in- 
fluence, appearing and disappearing in diflferent genera- 
tions or ages, and it makes, when associated with an un- 
derlying nobility of soul, for strong, vital, forceful char- 
acter. These allied forces of the North and of the South 
had each its share in the making of Theodore Roosevelt, 
a man of convictions and of supreme independence in 
expressing and living by them, a man who dwells in 
that atmosphere of freedom, that larger atmosphere of 
superior personal freedom and viewpoint which has made 
it possible to cast aside many of the trammels which cir- 
cumscribe the activities of the average human being; a 
man of dominant, unswerving purpose and of such strong 
and unique personality that the obsei'ver may well pause 
to consider the characteristics, hereditary and acquired, 
which have made him what he is. 

It has seemed to be an instinctive purpose of his many 
sided life * * to give the human stock a lift, and to put it in 
a position of enlarged opportunity and increased power. ^' 
He has championed race expansion and a general advance 
of the human army in the march of progress, and has 
stood unequi v^ocally for the storming of the outposts of 
ignorance and selfishness. His ideal of citizenship is 
intensely individual, and he has emphasized in every 
manner possible the responsibility of the individual to 
the nation, declaring, **a man should not be content to be 
governed, but should do his part of the work.'' Yet be- 

(©f ^teptreb J^te 295 

hind his tremendous will power and independence has 
been constantly shown quite another spirit, that suggested 
by his own words: **Make things better in the world, 
even if only a little better, because you have lived in it/^ 

It has been said that the manner in which a man dis- 
poses of his leisure hours, those not devoted to his pro- 
fession or regular pursuits, will reveal most certainly 
the real man and his hereditary tendencies. When leisure 
has come to Theodore Koosevelt, he has turned to simple 
and prmiitive diversions. Away from artificial and con- 
gested centres to the wonderland of the West, to the 
solitudes of far Dakota, with their primeval stillness, 
swelling prairies, profound isolation of miles upon miles 
of untrodden grasses, he has gone to lessen the tension 
of overstrained forces. Away from civilization, back to 
nature, to the aroma of virgin earth, and the stir of 
branches echoing for the first time to the voice of man, 
he has gone; and argue what one will from these facts, 
they evidence personal traits and predilections far re- 
moved from the ordinary, traits which claim their share 
in the personality upon which today is focused the gaze 
of the civilized world. 

From Robert ''the Bruce," upward through a line of 
mighty rulers. From ** Robert the Bruce," downward 
through notable descendants to Theodore Roosevelt. 
From a great Scotsman to a great American, to one who 
stands at the beginning of this twentieth century in a 
large sense typical of his nation, fearless, resourceful, 
aggressive, optimistic, champion of the possibilities and 
achievements of his people; soldier, statesman, natural- 
isty man of letters and a leader of men. 

296 (M #ce|rfreb |Urte 

''Better be faithful than famous,'' he has said, and 
faithful to his convictions, his responsibilities as he un- 
derstood them, he has been. * * Fi-om a great heart secret 
magnetisms flow incessantly to draw great events/' 
Great events and fame have come to him hand in hand. 

Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt was Miss Edith Kermit 
Carow, of New York, but of English ancestry. She 
brought to the official life of the White House a culture, 
poise, tact and capacity for the adjustment of difficult 
social problems which made a distinct and permanent 

The eldest daughter of the Roosevelt home is Alice 
Roosevelt (Mrs. Nicholas Longworth). A younger 
daughter, Ethel. Roosevelt, and four sons, Theodore, 
Kermit, Archibald, and Quentin Roosevelt, complete 
the family circle. 


l^akurence Uaslpn^ton. 
Jeannie Uasl^tngton (Eampbell ^lor^. 

Edward the First is justly regarded as one of the great- 
est of English kings. Descending in direct royal line from 
Alfred the Great, as shown in an earlier chapter, he in- 
herited both virtues and vices from the varied influences 
of the intervening centuries, but to a marked degree did 
he possess many of the lofty attributes which have been 
conspicuous in his illustrious ancestors. 

When still comparatively young he led a brilliant band 
to the Holy Land, and returning to his own country and 
to the wielding of the sceptre, upon the death of his fa- 
ther, Henry the Third, he at once devoted himself to the 
mighty issues by which he was confronted. Momentous 
affairs in Wales first demanded attention, and here, after 
many bloody engagements, the valiant Welshmen, under 
Llewellyn, the last native Prince of Wales, were defeated, 
and the subjugation of Wales accomplished in 1283. This, 
the most notable achievement of his reign, brought to an 
end the supremacy of a noble line of Welsh rulers whose 
deeds are recorded in ancient ballads, full of pathos and 
of lamentations for the lost glory of their beloved coun- 

Edward the First, King of England, married, as second 
wife. Princess Margaret, daughter of Philip the 
Third, King of France. Their son — 

298 (if ^teptreb 3^ate 

Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of Kent, married Margaret, 

daughter of John, Lord Wake, and their daughter, 

Joan, called **The Fair Maid of Kent,'' married Sir 

Thomas Holland, and had a son, 
Thomas Hoijland, Earl of Kent, who married Alice, 

daughter of Richard, Earl of Anmdel. 
Eleanor, a daughter of this marriage, who died 1405, 
became the wife of Edward Cherlton, Baron of 
Powis, wlio died 1421, and tlieir daughter, 
Joyce Cherlton, born 1403, married Sir John Tiptoft. 

A daughter of this marriage, 
Joyce Tiptoft, married Edmund Sutton, son of John de 
Sutton, and his wife, Elizabeth Berkeley. For gen- 
erations back the Suttons had held the ancient estate 
of Ashton-le-Walls, which was inherited by the 
granddaughter of Edmund Sutton and his wife, 
Joyce Tiptoft Sutton, 
Margaret Sutton; the date of her birth is not known, 
but she married John Butler, and died in April, 1563, 
leaving a son, 
WiLLLH^M Butler, of Tighe, Sussex, whose daughter, 
Margaret Butler, married at Aston-le- Walls, August 
3, 1588, Laurence Washington, of Sulgrave. The 
date of his birth is not known, but he died in 1616, 
and was buried at Brington. 
Among all the distinguished families of the old world 
which have lent distinction to the new, that of Washing- 
ton has been pre-eminent, and it is not surprising that a 
large degree of interest should attach to all historic de- 
tails connected with the name. 


■!■■ . 


I ! 

300 #f ^teptrei J^ate 

two hundred years, and then discovered in the garret of 
an old farm house. Each piece of the service is inscribed, 

J **This was given by the Lady Pargiter to Garsdon 

j; Church. She was formerly wife of Laurence Washing- 

ij'i ton, Esq., who both lie buried here.'' In the Church is 

also this epitaph: 

**Body of Laurence Washington, Esq., the only son of 
Sir Laurence Washington, 1661; and Elianor, Dame Par- 

'y\ . giter (married to Laurence Washington), obit 1685/* 

From this inscription it is evident that Laurence Wash- 
ington, Esq., who died in 1661, was the son of Sir Lau- 
rence Washington (wlio died in 1616), and the husband 
of Lady Elianor Partiger, who died in 1685. 
That was a valuable contribution to the history of the 

;'j;'!J Washington family recently made by Reverend Freder- 

ick W. Itagg, of iiyfiold, Northamptonshire, England. Mr. 
Bagg is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society of Eng- 
land, and nmch interested in antiquarian pursuits. While 
examining a collection of historical papers he discovered 

,]!,! this royal descent of Margaret Butler, who married Lau- 

"^'i rence Washington in 1588, and thus established the royal 

lineage in that line of the American Washingtons. This 

:ii|: was not, however, the first discovered or published royal 

ij: an(?estry of George AVashington, for his descent through 

Colonel George Reade was known years ago, and the first 
edition of ^' A Royal Lineage" (1902, by the author of the 
present volume), gave his descent from Alfred the Great, 
through this latter ancestor. 

Laukenck Washington, son of Lawrence Washington 
and his wife, * * Amphy His, " was bom in England 

r-i I 


■; I.: 


•I.' .1 , 

I, ' 






O^f ^teptreb J^ate 30i 

about 1635, and came to Virginia about 1667. His 
first wife died in England and he married Joyce 
Fleming, in Virginia. 
His brother, John Washington, came with him to the 
new world and here married Anne Pope, daughter of 
Colonel Nathaniel Pope. A son of this marrige, Lau- 
rence Washington, married Mildred Warner (of royal 
descent through Colonel George Reade), and their son, 
Augustine Washington, married Mary Ball; and their 
son, George Washington, the ** First American of the 
past or present," as already stated, came of royal blood 
through this as well as through the Butler lineage. 
John Washington, son of Laurence Washington and his 
wife, Joyce Fleming, was bom after 1667, and mar- 
ried about 1691, Mary Townshend, a daughter of 
Robert Townshend and his wife, Mary Langhome. 
Mary Langhorne was a daughter of Mr. Needham 
Langhorne, of Northamptonshire, England ; Robert 
Townshend was son of Richard Townshend and his 
wife, Frances Baldwin. 
Henry Washington, a son of John Washington and his 
wife, Mary Townshend, married, about 1647, a Miss 
Bailey, or Butler. A son of this marriage, 
Laurence Washington, married Elizabeth Dade. (Their 
daughters, Anne and Elizabeth, were wives, each in 
turn, of Colonel Stith, of the British Army), and 
their son, 
Colonel Needham Langhorne Washington, ''of Wa- 
terloo, '' King George Comity, married Sarah Alex- 
ander, daughter of Colonel Gerard Alexander, and 

302 #f #cepirei JRace 

his wife, Jane Ashton (of ** Clover-Hill,'' Prince 
William County, Virginia.) 

Jane Ashton was the daughter of Henry Ashton, who 
married, in 1748, Jane Alexander, a daughter of Philip 
Alexander and his wife, Sarah Hooe. The Ashtons de- 
scended from a distinguished English family of that name 
and brought to America many pieces of rare old silver 
which have been preserved by succeeding generations. 

The Alexanders are of most distinguished lineage, for 
while not proven completely by documentary evidence, 
much of a circumstantial and traditionarv character has 
seemed to substantiate the fact that its founder, in Amer- 
ica, was the fourth son of William Alexander, first Earl 
of Stirling. His name was John Alexander, he was bom 
in Scotland, and came to Stafford County, Virginia, in 

This John Alexander settled upon an immense estate 
which extended from Georgetown to Hunting Creek. Upon 
Hunting Creek he established a modest shipping port 
for the convenience of himself and his neighbors, which 
was called **Belhaven." Later he decided to develop the 
little settlement into a town, and, according to family 
tradition, he and his kinsmen, the Dades, Wests, and 
Fairfaxes, surveyed and subdivided the proposed town, 
which in honor of its founder was called *' Alexandria.'* 

This John Alexander had two sons (possibly more), 
Robert, who married Frances Ashton, and Philip, who 
married Sarah Ashton, sisters of Henry Ashton. Thus, 
Mrs. Story, whose name appears below, descends through 
two lines from the Alexanders and Ashtons. 

(Bf ^ceptreb J^e 303 

Robert Alexander, a son of Robert and grandson of 
John, the emigrant, married Anne Fowke, granddaughter 
of Colonel Gerard Fowke, who was Colonel of Cavalry 
in the army of Charles the First, and gentleman of the 
Bed Chamber. After the royal defeat at Worcester, Colo- 
nel Fowke, and his first cousin. Colonel George Mason, 
came to Virginia. There is still on record, in Stafford 
County, a deed upon which may be seen the Fowke arms, 
made in wax by a signet ring brought from England by 
Colonel Gerard Fowke. Colonel Fowke held many of- 
fices of distinction besides being Burgess for Westmore- 
land, Virginia, and Charles County, Maryland. 
Jane Wp-ay Washington, daughter of Colonel Needham 
Langhorne Washington, and his wife, Sarah Alexan- 
der, was one of thi'ee children, another was Needham 
Henry Washington, educated at the University of 
Virginia, and the other, Laurence Washington, died 
young. Jane Wray Washington married, in 1838, 
Charles Renolds Campbell, of Mississippi, who was 
descended directly from the Campbells, Dukes of Ar- 
gyle, his middle name, **Kenolds," being inherited 
from a noble Irish family. 

Jeannie Washington Campbell, daughter of Jane Wray 
Washington and her husband, Charles R. Campbell, 
married Captain Benjamin S. Story, of Louisiana; 
her sister, Washingtonia Campbell, married Judge 
M. A. Foute; a son of this marriage, Marcellus 
Foute, lives in California. Washingtonia Campbell, 
married second. Judge Brown of California, and left 
a daughter, Nita Washington Campbell Brown, who 

304 (M ^teptreb J^te 

was adopted by Mrs. Story ; she married a few years 
since, Albert Wallace Brennan, son of Judge Will- 
iam Brennan, of Mississippi. 

Mrs. Jeannie Washington Campbell Story, in her 
beautiful home, *'Saxonliolme," Chalmette, near New 
Orleans, became the centre of a brilliant circle. Here, 
during the lifetime of her husband, Captain Benjamin 
Saxon Story, many distinguished guests were received, 
among them titled foreigners from the old world and the 
most gifted and distinctively patrician of the new. At 
"Saxonbolme," were trophies of travel in distant lands, 
and rare old family relics, in a setting of harmonious ap- 
pointments which combined to make a home of ideal 
beauty, but it was destroyed by fire some years since, 
and Mrs. Story now spends her winters in ''Saxonholme 
Villa," recently built on one of the most beautiful ave- 
nues of the fair Southern city. 

Among Mrs. Story's rare possessions are a pair of gold 
spectacles which belonged to her kinsman, George Wash- 
ington, and his portrait, both willed by him to her great- 
grandfather, Laurence Washington. On the portrait is 
inscribed ^*To Laurence Washington, friend of my 
youth. " These gifts are both mentioned in George Wash- 
ington's will, were bequeathed by Laurence Washing- 
ton to his son, Needham Langhorne Washington, and by 
him to his daughter, Jane Wray Washington Campbell. 
From her they descended to her daughter, Jeannie Wash- 
ington Campbell Story, by whom they have been loaned 
to the Mount Vernon Association, 

^lfl•c^ tl)e (Brcat. 

(!;oloncl (fitor^t ^ea^c. 

^ttbcrta ^'ctuis Jfranha #1ottaU. 

Colonel Kobert Lewis, ^^ of Belvoir," was a great-grand- 
son of Colonel George Reade and his wife, Elizabeth 
Martian; the intervening generations being given in 
earlier pages, as also Colonel George Reade 's direct de- 
scent from Alfred the Great and other sovereigns of the 
old world. 

A son of Colonel Robert Lewis and his wife, Jane Meri- 

Colonel Robert Lewis, of Louisa County Vir^nia, and 
later of Granville County, North Carolina, married 
his first cousin, Frances Lewis, daughter of Colonel 
Charles Lewis, '*of the Byrd," and his wife, Mary 
Howell. This Colonel Robert Lewis held many 
offices of trust and died in Granville County in 1780. 
Among other children bom to him and his wife, 
Frances Lewis, was 
Charles Lewis, whose birth occurred in 1773. About 
1795 he married and later, with his wife, Nancy 
Lewis (who was born about 1777), moved from North 
Carolina to Sumner County, Tennessee. Here he 
died, December 17, 1819, aged 46. His tomb, with 
that of his wife, who died in 1837, is in a good state 
of preservation, and though somewhat worn, their 
inscriptions may still be read. 

306 ®f ^teptrei J^te 

Eight children survived this Charles Lewis, of 
Suuiner County, Tennessee; among them Jane 
Meriwether Lewis, who married H. Harralson, and 
Dr. Robert Henry Lewis, born May 20, 1811, and died 
January 1, 1871. He married on April 22, 1835, 
Sarah Ann Minter, daughter of William Minter, bom 
1785, died 1864, and his wife, Elizabeth Gamett 
Waggoner. William Minter was a son of Joseph 
Minter and his wife, Jane Trabue, the latter being a 
daughter of John Trabue and his wife, Olympia 
DuPuy. This Olympia was a daughter of John 
James DuPuy and his wife, Susan Le Villain, and a 
granddaughter of Bartholomew DuPuy and his wife, 
Susanne LeVillian, of noble birth. Of all the Hugue- 
nots who came as exiles from France to the new 
world, none is better known than Bartholomew Du- 
puy, for both title and high office were left behind 
when loyalty to religious convictions brought him 
with his wife across the seas. Descended from a 
long and noble line, he established in this country a 
family which has won distinguished recognition 
wherever its members have been found. The branch 
of the family to which Chauncey Depew belongs 
spent many years in England before coming to 
America, and it is said their name acquired its 
anglicized form there. 

To Dr. Robert Henry Lewis and his wife, Sarah 
Ann Minter, were bom eleven children: 1, Charles; 
2, Joseph ; 3, Emily ; 4, Robert H. ; 5, William Min- 
ter ; 6, Bailey Peyton ; 7, Lamira Jane ; 8, Patterson ; 

m ^teptreb ^ct 307 

9, Mary Louisa, born April 29, 1848, and married 
January 22, 1868, to Natt Holman. To Mary Louisa 
Lewis and her husband, Natt Holman, were born : 
William S. Holman, September 16, 1870, who mar- 
ried Louisa Kaulbach ; Anna Mary Holman, born 
1874, married Eeverend James S. Baird ; Natt Hol- 
man, Jr., bom 1875, married Mrs. Hattie Brad- 
shaw Lillard; Virginia Holman, bom 1878, mar- 
ried Thomas G. Moore ; Lou Minter Holman, bom 
1881, married Andrew J. Kaulbach; Emma Hall 
Holman, born 1885, married P. T. Beach; John 
T. Holman, bom 1886. 

10. Eosa E. Lewis, born May 3, 1852, married 
first, George D. Perkins, and had Henry Wright 
Perkins, Eobert Perkins, who died young, and George 
Perkins. Eosa E. Lewis married second, D. N. Pope. 

11. Eoberta H. Lewis, bom October 22, 1854, 
married June 19, 1873, John N. Hall, and had Eob- 
ert Lewis Hall, bom 1874; Irene Hall, born 1876; 
John Nesbit Hall, born 1880; Natt H. Hall, born 
1884; William Minter Hall, born 1890. 

Lamira Jane Lewis, the seventh child of Dr. Eobert 
Henry Lewis and his wife, Sarah Ann Minter, was 
bom July 14, 1840, in East Feliciana Parish, Louisi- 
ana, where her parents had made their home in 1840. 
In 1853 they moved to Texas, where Lamira Jane 
Lewis married September 25, 1867, Captain Eichard 
Henry Franks, of Company '*D,'' Fourth Texas 
Volunteers, General John B. Hood's Division, C. S. 
A. Captain Franks (son of John and Mary Ann 

308 ®f ^teptreb Jtoe 

Ward Franks, of Edgefield District, South Carolina) 
was born in Aberdeen, Mississippi, November 12, 
1841, and died at Schnlenburg, Texas, May 18, 1881. 
Only one child of this marriage reached maturity, 

Roberta Lewis Franks, bom near LaGrange, Fayette 
County, Texas, September 28, 1870, married July 
7, 1891, at Calvary Church, Memphis, Tennessee, 
William Howard Stovall, of Mississippi (a son of 
William Howard and Martha Minter Stovall), bom 
February 20, 1834. He served in the Civil War as 
Adjutant of the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Ten- 
nessee Regiment, C. S. A. 

William Howard Stovall, Junior, son of William How- 
ard Stovall and Roberta Lewis Franks Stovall, was 
born at ^^ Prairie Plantation," Coahoma County, 
Mississippi, February 18, 1895. 


JRabel Harlakenbtn. 

It is needless to repeat the descent of Edward the Third 
of England, from Alfred the Great and other royal ances- 
tors, as this is fully presented in other pages of this vol- 
ume, but less has been said of Thomas of Woodstock, 
Duke of Gloucester, than of the other sons of this mon- 

He was born at historic Woodstock, said to have been 
first a Roman settlement upon whose site a Saxon manor 
house was later built. Here King Alfred is thought to 
have spent much time, especially when translating 
Boetius. And here King Henry the Second made wonder- 
ful pleasure grounds and a zoological garden of fair pro- 
portions. At Woodstock is the fair Rosamond Clifford, 
supposed to have dwelt, and here Queen Elizabeth spent 
a year of her captivity. Thomas of Woodstock lived dur- 
ing the troublous times when his nephew, Richard the 
Second, son of the ''Black Prince," was first a royal 
ward, then a king. He filled a most important place 
upon the political stage of his era, but was not always a 
wise counsellor for Richard, whose character was a 
strange mingling of strength and weakness. 
Thomas of Woodstock married Eleanor de Bohun, daugh- 
ter of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, Essex 
and Northampton. Humphrey de Bohun was the 

310 ®f ^teptreb Jtoe 

Constable of England and at the same time (the reign 
of Edward the First), Roger Bigod was Marshal of 
the Realm. In the opinion of England's most reliable 
historians, they were patriots to whom their country 
owed the deepest debt of gratitude. Their courage 
was strong enough to withstand the arbitrary will 
of one of the most powerful and successful monarchs 
since the reign of the Conqueror, and to hold to a 
course they believed to be the best for him, and for 
the Realm, against his persistent demands. A violent 
altercation occurred upon Edward 's decision to send 
an army under these two leaders over to Guienne. 
They refused, and the king turning to Humphrey de 
Bohun, exclaimed, **Sir Earl, by God, you shall 
either go or hang!" **By God, Sir King,'' replied 
de Bohun, **I will neither go nor hangl" The enter- 
prise was eventually abandoned. This evidences the 
character of Sir Humphrey de Bohun, whose daugh- 
ter Eleanor, married Thomas of Woodstock, son of 
Edward the Third. Their daughter, 

Anne Plantagenet, married William Bourchier, Earl of 
Eu, and a son of this marriage. 

Sib John Bourchier, married Margery, daughter of Sir 
Richard Berners. Their son. 

Sir Humphrey Bourchier, married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir Frederick Tylney. A daughter of this mar- 

Anne Bourchier, married Thomas Fiennes, Lord Dacre 
of the South. Their daughter, 

Catharine Fiennes, married Richard Londenoys, of 
Braeme, Sussex, and had 



®f ^teptreb J^te 3ii 

Mary Londenoys, who married Thomas Harlakenden of 
Warebome, County Kent, and their son, 

Roger Harlakenden, of Kenardington, Kent, and of 
EarPs Colne, County Essex, married 

Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Hardres of Hardres, 
relict of George Harlakenden. Their son, 

Richard Harlakenden, of Earl's Colne, married Mar- 
garet Hubard, daughter of Edward Hubard. A 
daughter of this marriage, 

Mabel Harlakenden, bom at Earl's Colne, September 
27, 1614, came to New England in 1635 and married 
(as second wife). Governor John Hajnes, of the 
Connecticut Colony. Their daughter, 

Ruth Haynes, married Hon. Samuel Wyllys, and their 
daughter, Mabel Wyllys, married Rev. Timothy 
Woodbridge. A daughter of this marriage, 

Mary Woodbridge, maiTied Governor William Pitkin. 
Their son. 

Rev. Timothy Pitkin, married Temperance Clap. A 
daughter of this marriage, 

Katharine Pitkin, married Rev. Nathan Perkins, D. D., 
and their daughter, 

Catheiune Perkins, married Charles Seymour, and had 

Mary Seymour, who married Russell Goodrich Talcott. 
Their daughter is 

Mary Kingsbury Talcott, of Hartford, Connecticut. 

Hubert ttft tiTlftrbt nf ^totlanb. 
^nnte JFttslfugli JRnse Walker. 

As stated in an earlier chapter, Eobert the Third, King 
of Scotland, was descended from Robert 'Hhe Bruce,'' 
Margaret Atheling and her husband, Malcolm Canmore, 
and Alfred the Great. He married Lady Annabella 
Drummond, who, in her own period, and later, was cele- 
brated for great personal beauty as well as for grace, 
dignity, and loveliness of character. A daughter of Rob- 
ert the Third, and his wife. Lady Annabella Drummond, 
Mary Stewart, married, first, George Douglas, first Earl 

of Angus, and their son, 
George Douglas, was also Earl of Angus ; his son, 
Archibald Douglas, married Elizabeth, daughter of Rob- 
ert, Lord Boys, Chancellor of Scotland. A daugh- 
ter of this marriage, 
Janet Douglas, married Robert, second Lord Herries, 

and their son, 
Andrew, was third Lord Herries, whose son, 
William, was fourth Lord Herries. His daughter, 
Catherine Herries, married Sir Alexander Stewart of 

Garlies, and a son of this marriage. 
Sir Alexander Stewart, of Garlies, married Christian 

Douglas. Their daughter, 
Nicholas Stewart, married Sir John Dunbar of Moch- 
rum. This Sir John was sixth in descent from Sir 

(M ^teptreb J^te 3i3 

Patrick Dunbar and his wife, Agnes Randolph. She 
is known as ''Black Agnes," because in a famous 
siege of their castle by the English, during her hus- 
band 's absence, she stood upon the ramparts un- 
daunted, and scornfully brushed away with a napkin 
the dust raised by the heavy missiles of the attack- 
ing party. Sir Patrick Dunbar was a lineal descen- 
dant of Cospatrick, who was descended from Uchtred, 
a famous Earl of Northumberland, and his wife, 
Princess Edgiva, a daughter of King Ethelred ''the 
Unready." A son of Nicholas Stewart and her hus- 
band, Sir John Dunbar, 

Sib John Dunbar, second, of Mochrum, married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Mungo Mure, of Eowallan, and his 
wife, Idabel (daughter of Sir Hugh Campbell, of 
Loudoun). A great-granddaughter of Sir John Dun- 
bar, Second, and his wife, Elizabeth Mure, 

Maejory Dunbar, married John Rose of. Bellivat, son of 
Hugh Rose of Kilravoek, and his wife, Margaret Gor- 
don. Hugh Rose of Kilravoek was descended from 
Harold, "the Black," who belonged to the royal 
house of Norway, also from Macduff, Thane of Fife. 
Margaret Gordon was the daughter of Alexander 
Gordon, first Earl of Huntly, and his wife, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of William Crichton, Lord Chancel- 
lor of Scotland. A great grandson of this marriage, 

Hugh Rose, married Catharine Ord, and their great 

Robert Rose, (Reverend Robert Rose), bom at Wester 
Alves, Scotland, February 12, 1704, emigrated to 

314 (^l ^teptreb J^ate 

America, and made his home in Virginia, 1725. He 
married, as second wife, Ann, daughter of Colonel 
Henry Fitzhugh, of Virginia, and died in Richmond, 
1751. A son of Reverend Robert Rose and his wife, 
Ann Fitzhugh Rose, 

Colonel Hugh Rose, was bom September 18, 1743. He 
was justice of the peace for Amherst County from 
1765 to the time of his deatli, member of the County 
Committee of 1775-76, a vestryman of Amherst, and 
after 1779, of Lexington Parish; was sheriff of his 
county 1776, county lieutenant 1780, and member of 
the House of Delegates 1785-86. He married Caro- 
line Matilda Jordan, daughter of Colonel Samuel 
Jordan. Judith Scott Rose, a daughter of this 
union, married Landon Cabell (who was bom Feb- 
ruary 21, 1765, at *^ Union Hill," Nelson County, 
Virginia, a son of Colonel William Cabell and grand- 
son of Dr. William Cabell, the immigrant). A son 
of this marriage, Dr. l\ol)eil Henry Cabell, married, 
first, Julia Mayo, second, Mrs. (/atlierine Eyre Bailey 
Pelham. A daughter of this latter marriage, Virginia 
Catherine (-aboil, married, first, B. Howard Tyson, 
second, Charles Herman Ruggles. A son of Colonel 
Hugh Rose, of Geddes, and his wife, Caroline Ma- 
tilda Gordon Rose, 

GusTAvrs Aix)LPUUs Rose, married Ann Shepherd Gar- 
land, and a daughter of this marriage, 

Judith Cabell Rosk, married Benjamin P. Walker. 
Their daughter is 

Annie Fitzhugh Rose Walker, of Richmond, Virginia. 

(Holontl (6tov$t Jitabt. 
jurats Henrg Watson, Jjuntor. 

The descent from Alfred the Great to Colonel George 
Reade, through all intervening generations, has already 
been given. The descent from Colonel George Reade to 
James Henry Watson, Jmiior, has also appeared. 

Among the ancestors included in these lines, besides 
those belonging to the royal houses of England, Scot- 
land, Ireland, Spain and Russia, the Percys, Earls of 
Northumberland, the Mortimers, Earls of Marche, are 
others connected with American families of worth and 
distinction. Among the latter is that of 
Edward Price, whose home is said to have been in James- 
town, Virginia, at a very early date. His son, 
Robert Price, of Middlesex County, is said to have served 

in the Colonial Militia, and his son, 
Robert Price, Second, to have married a daughter of 
William Brooks, of King and Queen County. Their 
James Richard Alexander Price, was in Captain Daniel 
Smith's company, August 11, 1774, and was twenty- 
four years of age when serving under Washington. 
He married Agnes, or Agatha James, daughter of 
Thomas James, of Fauquier County, who died in 
James Richard Alexander Price and his wife, Agnes 

316 O^f ^teptreb J^ate 

James Price, had three daughters, among them Jane 
Hoard Fauntleroy Price, ^'Famitleroy" doubtless a fam- 
ily name, and derived from the well-known Virginia line, 
as James Richard Alexander Price had a brother, Faunt- 
leroy Price, and the name also appears among those given 
his children. A tragic event was connected with the mar- 
riage of this Fauntleroy Price. 

The wedding day was set and many guests were bidden. 
The groom's brother, Richard Price, with his young wife, 
children and servants, set out from their home, in Alber- 
marle County, to attonrl Iho festivities. They were trav- 
eling in their coach and stopped for rest and refreshment 
at '*The Wilderness Tavern," Chancellorsville, Culpep- 
per County. Here a severe storm overtook them, and the 
young wife, with her baby in her arms, stood looking out 
from the window upon the bending and breaking of the 
great trees about them. Suddenly there came a terrific 
crash, a blinding glare of light. She fell to the floor, 
struck by lightning, and died instantly. 

Later, Richard Price married Isabella Gaines. After 
her death he married Frances Henderson, leaving chil- 
dren by each of his three marriages. Jane Hoard Faunt- 
leroy Price, a daughter of this Richard Price and his 
first wife, Agnes James, married John Watson, of ** For- 
rest Hill," Albermarle County, Virginia. 

The first American ancestor in Ihe Watson line was 
James Watson, who came from Scotland, as King's Sur- 
veyor, and settled in Charles City County, Virginia. His 
son, James Watson, Second, married Eve Finch, who, it 
has been suggested, descended from the distinguished 

--- * 

318 (^ #ceptreii Jtoe 

The Staige family, according to tradition, is of Hugue- 
not ancestry, the first member on record in this country 
being Rev. Staige, who went from France to Eng- 
land. In London, his daughter, Letitia Maria Ann Staige, 
married, October, 1728, Rev. James Marye, and they land- 
ed in Virginia the following year. 

Rev. Theodosius Staige was a brother of Letitia Maria 
Ann Staige, who married Rev. James Marye, and came to 
Virginia prior to 1728. He was rector of Saint George's 
Parish, Spotsylvania County, and died December 26, 1747. 
Lucia Staige, a daughter of Rev. Theodosius Staige and 
his wife, Ann Staige, married a Mr. Davis, also said to 
have been from France, and the children of this marriage 
were Staige Davis, George Davis and Betsy Davis. The 
latter married Thomas Stiff, and from this marriage the 
families of Thomas and John Wellford, of Memphis, Ten- 
nessee, descend. Thomas Wellford married Mary Tor- 
rance, of Mississippi; John Wellford married Elizabeth 
Thomas, also of Mississippi, a lineal descendant of Col- 
onel George Reade, through Margaret Lewis, who mar- 
ried, as shown elsewhere in this volume, Charles Lewis 

Staige Davis, mentioned above, son of Lucia Staige Da- 
vis and her husband, Davis, married, as already 

stated, Elizabeth Macon Gardner. She was a daughter of 
John Gardner, of King and Queen County, and his wife, 
Mary Macon Gardner. This John Gardner died in 1784, 
and was a brother of Anthony Gardner, also of King and 
Queen County, who was a man of considerable wealth and 
lived in a style justified by his large income. 

(^f #ceptreb ]^t 319 

The home of Staige Davis and his wife, Elizabeth Ma- 
eon Gardner Davis, was ** Prospect Hill," an estate beau- 
tifully located on Urbanna Creek, and with the broad Po- 
tomac in full view. The unansion was one of dignified ap- 
pointments and rich in old mahogany furnishings, among 
which was a dainty English tea table, which was set 
every afternoon wherever the family and guests chanced 
to be assembled, in the broad hall or out on the lawn. 
From it was served, with various dainties, bread sliced so 
thin that it could be rolled. A row of Lombardy poplars 
followed the line of the gallery whose steps reached the 
lawn ; beyond was a grove of trees, and beyond this, far- 
ther still, the terraced garden. 

There were many slaves to care for the estate. When 
cutting the timber in its forest, ''Dragon Swamp/* it is 
said, fifty stalwart negroes would be occupied at one time. 
There were also fish to be caught and oysters gathered 
each day, and the fields and gardens to be worked and 
tended, these various activities, with the service in the 
mansion, requiring a large number of slaves. 

The terraced garden reached to the water's edge, and 
here was a landing from which each morning the children 
embarked in a skiff (which was rowed by ''Uncle Peter**) 
for the morning's study with their governess. Miss Agnes 
Whiting, who lived at "Rosegill," the home of the Worm- 
leys, and taught the children of both families. Ten miles 
away from "Prospect Hill" was the family plantation, 
"Wareham," where many family relics were kept, and 
among these a book in manuscript which contained a his- 
tory of the Gardner family. The text was interspersed 

320 (^ ^ttipixth ]SiSitt 

with drawings, one of these illustrating an event con- 
nected with the loss of ancient family estates in Enrope. 
According to tradition there were two wills. One con- 
veyed the property to the Gardner ancestors, but by dis- 
honest means was obtained and carried away. Owing to 
this theft the just heirs were defrauded and the property 
passed to a family by the name of Fox. This drawing 
showed the fox escaping with the folded will in his mouth. 
The family coat-of-arms is said to have been at ^*Ware- 
ham,*' and here as well as at ''Prospect Hill,** was silver 
bearing the family crest. The origin of the name ** Ware- 
ham," by which the family plantation was known, can 
not be given, but it is unquestionably English, and the 
place of that name in England, one of great antiquity, 
having existed in the time of the Britons, was later in the 
possession of the Saxons, and contained remains of a 
Danish wall until comparatively recent times. 

The children of Staige Davis, and his wife, Elizabeth 
Macon Gardner, were : 1. John A. G. Davis, who married 
Mary Jane Terrell. He was for many years at the head 
of the Law Department of the University of Virginia, 
and made it the most famous law school of the South. He 
was a man of exalted character and far-reaching influ- 

2. Maria Davis, who married Thomas Braxton, of the 
distinguished Carter Braxton family of Virginia. 

3. Martha Davis, who married John B. Minor. On 
the death of Prof. John A. G. Davis, his brother-in-law, 
Prof. Minor, was elected as his successor, and for about 
half a century filled the position with the most distin- 

(^ ^cepireb ]Sisitt 32i 

guished ability. America has never produced a greater 
teacher of the common and statute law than Prof. Minor. 
He also was an author of note and made valuable contri- 
butions to the law literature of the country. 

4. Maria Davis married Dr. Mordecai Booth. 

5. James Davis married Mary Jane Hawkins. 

6. Louisa Davis married Dr. Malcolm Mclntire. 
Among their children was Patty Mclntire, who married 
Eugene Early, of Charlottesville, Virginia, a son of Cap- 
tain Jeremiah Allen Early and his wife, Mildred Wood 
Early. As shown elsewhere, she was a descendant of 
Colonel George Reade, and through him of Alfred the 
Great. Captain Jeremiah Allen Early belonged to a dis- 
tinguished Irish family, said to descend from CoUada- 
Crioch, a sovereign in early times of Ulster. The family 
claims many illustrious representatives, these being to a 
marked degree connected with ecclesiastical affairs. They 
were Abbots and Bishops as well as chieftains of clans. 

The name is said to have been anglicized as ** Early" 
several centuries ago, and the significance of its Irish 
original to be *' descendants of the Chief of the Early to 
Rise;" but whether this referred to prompt rising in 
time of national disturbances or promptness in rising 
each morning, ready for the day's duties, no historian 
has disclosed. 

County Donegal, Ireland, was one of their conspicuous 
centres, and from this county came the first of the name 
to America, Jeremiah Early, who in the first part of the 
eighteenth century settled in Virginia. Here he married 
a Miss Buford, and when dying left a large and valuable 

322 m ^cepttreh 'J^ct 

estate to his ten sons, who all bore Biblical names com- 
mencing with **J." They were Jeremiah, James, Jona- 
than, Jacobus, Jiibal, Jacob, Joab, John, Joseph and Joel. 
These sons have had many notable descendants. Gover- 
nor Peter Early of Georgia, whose granddaughter mar- 
ried the late General Joseph Wheeler, of the Confederate 
Army; John Early, a Bishop of the Methodist Church, 
and General Jubal Early, of the Confederate Army. 

James Early, son of Jeremiah Early, the First, set- 
tled in Albermarle County, Virginia, about 1809. His 
son, John Early, who died in 1833, was the father of Cap- 
tain Jeremiah Allen Early. As stated above, Eugene 
Early, son of Captain Jeremiah Allen Early, married 
Patty Mclntire. Their surviving children are Eugene 
Early, Junior, who married, as already shown, Katharine 
Davis Watson, of Memphis, Tennessee, whose descent 
from Alfred the Great has been given. Allen Early, of 
Amarillo, Texas, who married Nora Gouldy, William 
White Early, and Lewis Cole Early, who married Hen- 
rietta Hardy. The family home is at Waco, Texas, and 
here the two sons last named reside. 

7. Catherine Frances Davis, born in Middlesex Coun- 
ty, Virginia, November 25, 1808, married, as already 
stated, John William Clark Watson, of Charlottesville, 
Virginia. Her personality was so rare and fine that ade- 
quate delineation is impossible. To have known her and 
been numbered among those she loved should be accounted 

a blessed privilege. 

He was a member of the first law class at the Univer- 
sity of Virginia and was graduated with distinction. In 
1845 he removed with his young family to Mississippi, 
and it was not long before Judge Watson was recognized 
as one of the many able men who at that period made 

®f ^cepireb ]^t 323 

the bar of Mississippi famous for its learning and ability. 
He was among the most conspicuous Whig leaders of his 
State, and earnestly opposed secession, but when Mis- 
sissippi left the Union his lot was cast with his people. He 
was a member of the Confederate Senate, and bore an 
important part in the serious responsibilities which rested 
upon his section. Throughout a long life he proved him- 
self a man of intense convictions. Spartan fortitude, in- 
corruptible integrity and the strongest Christian prin- 
ciples ; he closed his career honored, trusted and mourned 
by all who knew him. 

The children of John W. C. Watson and his wife, Cath- 
erine Davis Watson, were: 1. Elizabeth Davis Watson, 
born in Charlottesville, Virginia. 2. Jane Price Watson, 
married James Anderson of Mississippi, died in 1855. 3. 
William Taylor Watson, bom in Virginia, married Cora 
E. Harris, of Tennessee. He enlisted in the Confederate 
Army at the age of twenty-two and after passing unhurt 
through many bloody battles, was killed in March, 1863, 
while leading a desperate charge upon the enemy's 
works near Thompson's Station, Tennessee. At the time 
of his death he was Assistant Adjutant-General on the 
staff of General Armstrong, one of Van Dorn's Brigade 
Commanders. Already distinguished for intrepidity and 
courage, his action in this battle received highest com- 
mendation and in the official reports, he is mentioned 
as **our most gallant officer." 

4. John Staige Davis Watson, bom in Virginia, en- 
listed as a Private in the Confederate Army, in Company 
**B," Seventeenth Mississippi Regiment, when only six- 







324 ®f ^ttipttt^t 3^ce 

teen years of age. Soon after enlistment he was detached 
from his company and assigned to special duties at the 
headquarters of General Bark^dale, his Brigade Com- 
mander, and although these duties were virtually those 
of a non-combatant, an engagement always found him 
with his company and in the fighting line. 

His youth, his quick intelligence, and the wonderful 
magnetism of his personality made him a favorite with 
all who came within the circle of his influence. He passed 
unhurt through many desperate battles, but in a skir- 
mish near Hanover Junction, Virginia, he was mortally 
wounded, and died two days later. He was at this time 
Sergeant-Ma jo r of his regiment and Acting Adjutant. 

He was only a boy, but so fair a sjjecimen of the young 
knight of half a century ago that a moment's glimpse into 
his real life is well worth while. His last letter to his 
father, Hon. John W. C. Watson, then in the Confederate 
Senate, and in Richmond, Virginia, was dated, 

''In Line of Battle, May 16, 1864. 
''My Dear Father: 
*'It is nearly night. I will have only time to say that I 
I am still safe. We have passed through the battles with 

j comparatively slight loss. I was struck with a spent ball, 

also grazed by another, but God mercifully watched over 
me and preserved me from death. I expect we will be 
engaged again soon. Should I escape I will lose no time 
in giving you an account of the part taken by my regi- 
ment. We have marched nearly all night for three or 
four nights since the battle commenced; but all seem to 
be in good spirits, and are willing to do battle again, feel- 



(tf S^teptreb JRate 325 

ing that so much depends on the final issue of this engage- 
ment. Please dispatch home and let them know that I 
am safe as yet. Shonld we meet no more on earth I hope 
that we will meet in heaven. ' ' 

This was his last letter, written on May 16. Just a 
week later, May 23, and only a few hours before the fatal 
shot, the last entry was made in the little notebook which 
was his constant companion and which months later came 
to his home. * * Heavy cannonading commenced about 3 :30 
p. m. Shot and shell fly quite rapidly. ' ' 

These were his last words. A few moments later he 
fell mortally wounded. So brave a young soldier and 
so earnest a Christian. 

The third son of Hon. John W. C. Watson, 
James Henry Watson, was bom in Holly Springs, Missis- 
sippi, January 3, 1848, so was still very young when 
the War between the States began. His two brothers 
enlisted. The eldest, Captain William Taylor Wat- 
son, was killed, as already stated, near Thompson's 
Station, Tennessee, in 1863, and a little later James 
Henry Watson, at this time fifteen years of age, 
decided to join the army. 

He had already seen some service with Confederate 
scouting parties in North Mississippi, then debatable 
ground, and had completed his arrangements to join Gen- 
eral Morgan's Cavalry, when his father secured for him 
an appointment as cadet at the Virginia Military Insti- 
tute, the West Point of tlie Confederacy, and here he was 
enrolled in May, 1864, when sixteen years of age. 

During the summer of this year the buildings of the 

326 m Sfctfbxh JIace 

Institute were destroyed by the Federals under General 
Hunter. The cadets were later transferred to Richmond, 
and here remained until the surrender. After the close 
of the war, James Henry Watson attended the college at 
Oxford, Mississippi, and then the University of Virginia, 
before commencing the practice of law in his native town. 
He was married to Annah Walker Robinson, October 
5, 1870, in Louisville, Kentucky, at Christ Church, now 
the Catliedral, by the Rev. James Craik, D. D. For some 
years their home was in Holly Springs, Mississippi, but 
in 1887 this location was exchanged for Memphis, Ten- 
nessee, where the family still resides. 

The fourth son and youngest child of Hon. John W. C, 
Watson, Edward Minor Watson, was bom in Holly 
Springs, Mississippi, March 21, 1851, and married Lillie 
P. Moore, February 6, 1871. He became a lawyer of dis- 
tinction, and was appointed by President Cleveland First 
Assistant Attorney in the Department of Justice. He 
died December 7, 1887, in Cincinnati, Ohio, to which point 
he had been sent by the Attorney-General on government 
business of the highest importance. His wife, Lillie 
Moore Watson, died September 17, 1898. 

Their children, Dudley Moore Watson, married Eu- 
genie Marie Poche, of New Orleans; Edward Minor Wat- 
son married Louise Emelie Vesalia, of California; Wil- 
liam Watson married Mary Jeptha Harris, of Mississip- 
pi; Jane Price Watson married Benjamin HoUiday Mc- 
Farland, son of Chancellor Baxter McFarland, of Aber- 
deen, Mississippi ; Anne Llewellyn Watson married Rich- 
ard Kennon Hines, a descendant of Colonel Oeorge 

<©f iftqrfreb 3toe 327 

Reade, whose descent appears in another chapter. 

The children of James Henry Watson and his wife, 
Annah Robinson Watson, are Archibald Robinson Wat- 
son, Esq., of New York City, who appears in another 
chapter; James Henry Watson, Junior, of New York 
City; Katharine Davis Watson, (Mrs. Eugene Early, Jun- 
ior), of Memphis, Tennessee, and Elizabeth Lee Watson, 
(Mrs. Joe Johnston Lowrey), of New Orleans, Louisiana. 
James Henry Watson, Junior, was bom July 5, 1874, in 
Holly Springs, Mississippi, and after attending 
schools in Mississippi, Tennessee and the North, 
made his home in New York City, where he still re- 



^Ifreb tilt (&vtai. 

3ol|n |Iresrott. 

3|ol|n Jiutbtr 1il|ite. 

One of the most renowned poets and philosophers of 
our country, especially belonging to New England, but 
claimed by the whole people, has said, *'01d and new 
make the woof and warp of every moment. There is no 
thread that is not a twist of those strands/* The same 
underlying thought may be applied to the history of a 
family; the old and new make the warp and woof of the 
character of its every member, and holding this as true, 
one is not surprised at the admirable characteristics man- 
ifested by those who may claim descent from the line 
followed in this chapter. 

The line from Alfred the Great to John Prescott, the 
first American ancestor, was most carefully compiled 
from English records by Kev. John Holding, of Stotfold, 
Baldock, Herts, England, and is as follows : 
Alfred the Great, 

Leofwin, Earl of Leicester, 1017. 
Leofric, Earl of Mercia, 

Eldhed, Second Baron of Kendel, 
Ketel, Third Baron of Kendel, 
Gilbert, Fourth Baron of Kendel, 
Warin de Lancaster, 


♦■ - 

T ■ 

• 1 


'■. I 


.*■ f 

% ■ 

3; f 

330 (^ ^tepireb Jtoe 

1604, and died in Lancaster, Massachusetts, in 1681. 
The marriage of John Prescott and Mary Platts oc- 
curred at Halifax Parish Church, Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, where three of their children, as shown by the 
register, were baptized. In 1640 John Prescott came 
with his family to New England, where he became 
the ** Founder of Lancaster," and from this John 
Prescott and his wife, Mary, through three subse- 
quent generations, descended Eunice White, bom in 
1766, who married her cousin, once removed, Luke 
White, bom in 1757. 

Eunice White was a daughter of David White, cousin of 
Luke White, and his wife, Eunice Butler, daughter of 
Simon Butler (and his wife, Anna Fairbanks), who 
was Trumpeter, 1757, in Captain John Carter's Com- 
pany, of Colonel Oliver Wilder 's Regiment, Second 
('rown Point Expedition. David White was a son 
of Colonel Jonathan White, a man of education and 
wealth, and a gallant soldier in the warfare of the 
period. He was commissioned Captain, March 29, 
1755, in Colonel Buggies' Worcester Regiment; was 
in the battle of Lake George, and promoted to Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel in Colonel Timothy Ruggles' Regi- 
ment, February 18, 1756. This Colonel Jonathan 
White was a son of Josiah White (and his wife, Abi- 
gail Whitcomb), who was Sergeant in command of 
the garrison at Lancaster, 1744, representative to 
the General Court for four years, and held other 
public offices of distinction. This Josiah White was 
the son of Josiah White (and his wife, Mary Rice), 

®f ^tepireb Jtoe 33 1 

who was a soldier in King Philip's war, under Major 
Willard, and Captain Poole, was Sergeant in the 
Train Band and Commander of Garrison at Lancas- 
ter, in 1704. This Josiah White was a son of John 
White (the emigrant, of Salem, Massachusetts, 
1638), and his wife, Joane. 

This John White was the wealthiest inhabitant of 
Lancaster, and as such received the largest plot of 
land in the apportionment. Joane White died May 
18, 1654 ; her husband, John White, died May, 1673. 
They had eight children. One of these was Mary, 
who married Rev. Joseph Rowlandson, in 1656. 

Eunice White, mentioned above, married her 
father's cousin, Luke White, son of Josiah White 
(brother of Colonel Jonathan White), who built the 
first saw mill in that part of the State, which was set 
off as Leominster County, in 1738. He married De- 
borah White, and built the home known as *^Ye Old 
Abbey," still standing. Here his fifteen children 
were born, ten sons and five daughters. All of the 
sons served in the Revolutionary War. 

John White, a son of Eunice White, and her husband, 
Luke White, was bom June 10, 1805, at Heath, 
Franklin County, Massachusetts. He married, June 
7, 1831, Rebekah Butler Barber, daughter of Moses 
Barber and his wife, Rebekah Butler Barber. 

John Barber White, son of John White and his wife, Re- 
bekah Butler Barber White, was born in EUery 
Township, Chautauqua County, New York, Decem- 
ber 8, 1847. He was educated in Jamestown, New 

332 (©f #cqrfreb J^ace 

York, and later made liis home in Youngsville, Penn- 
sylvania, where he was a member of the Board of 
Education, and from which place he went as mem- 
ber of the Legislature for Warren County. In 1880 
he moved to Missouri, and since that date his home 
has been Kansas City, where he has occupied many 
positions of trust and honor. 

He married, first, July 22, 1874, Arabelle Bowen, daugh- 
ter of Washington and Ellen Smith Bowen. She was 
bom in Chautauqua County, New York, her father being 
a grandson of Sergeant Bezaleal Bowen, who sei^ved in 
the War of the Revolution. She was a woman of fine at- 
tainments, and a successful school teacher. The children 
of John White and his first wife were Dr. Franklin White, 
born November 9, 1875, died June 11, 1900, unmarried. A 
very beautiful high school building was erected in mem- 
oiy of Dr. Franklin White, by his father, in Youngsville, 

At the exercises of dedication. President Henry Hop- 
kins, of William College, said: **A young man, strong, 
aspiring, noble and well equipped, fronting life with high 
hopes and brilliant prospects, the joy and pride of those 
who loved him, is suddenly cut off, and behold, there is 
bom a blessed purpose. Through this memorial build- 
ing, John Franklin White, though dead, still speaks, and 
though unseen, his presence is still felt and will be in far 
off times a power for good. ' ' 

The other children bom to John Barber White and his 
wife, Arabelle Bowen White, were Fanny Arabelle White, 
(a graduate of Oberlin College), bom November 19, 1876, 

®f ^teptreb Jtoe 333 

married, April 8, 1903, Alfred T. Hemingway (also a 
graduate of Oberlin College). Of this marriage, there 
are two children, Franklin White Hemingway, bom 
March 4, 1904, and Jane Hemingway, born April 29, 1908. 

Arabelle Bowen White, first wife of John Barber 
White, died November 16, 1881. He married, second, at 
Youngsville, Pennsylvania, December 6, 1882, Emma, 
daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth Walker Siggins. She 
is a descendant of John Walker, of Wigton, Scotland, 
who settled in Chester County, Pennsylvania, 1726. The 
children of this marriage are Emma Ruth, bom October 
30, 1884, a graduate of Wellesley College; Jay Barber 
Walker White, bom October 2, 1886, died August 2, 1887 ; 
Raymond Baird White, bom March 18, 1889, and now a 
student in the State University of Wisconsin. 

Mrs. John Barber White is a woman of literary taste 
and ability. Her valuable work, * * Genealogica.1 History 
of the Descendants of John Walker, of Wigton, Scot- 
land," is highly prized by those who Imow the discrim- 
inating study and research required for such an achieve- 

John Barber White has been true to the aspirations 
and traditions of his people; they have been gentlemen 
and Christians, soldiers, men of affairs and of literary 
pursuits. His ancestor, James Prescotte, of Shevington, 
was one of the gentlemen of Lancaster required by 
order of Queen Elizabeth (August, 1564) to keep in readi- 
ness horsemen and armor. John Prescott, who settled in 
New England, 1640, had seen service under Cromwell 
and brought to the new world coat of mail, armor and 

334 #f ifceptreb JIace 

weapons which were wielded in the Indian warfare of 
the time. 

Among the kinsmen in this line of John Barber White 
were AVilliam H. Prescott, the historian ; Dr. Oliver Pres- 
cott, and Colonel AVilliam Prescott, who led a command at 
the battle of Bunker Hill. In this list of distinguished 
kinspeople, the name of Mary AVliite Rowlandson should 
not l)e omitted, for the record of her fortitude, endur- 
ance, unshaken faith, and transcendent courage might 
well be included in the annals of highest heroism. 

On February 10, 1675, the little settlement of Lancas- 
ter was surprised by the Indians. A sudden alarm, the 
yells of savages, smoking houses, the dead and dying ly- 
ing about their own doors — then the march of the cap- 
tives began. Driven, beaten by the cruel captors, their 
steps marked by blood from gaping wounds, they traveled 
northward. Among them was Mary White Rowlandson, 
who carried in her arms her wounded child (the same bul- 
let had sti-uck them both). After a time she fainted from 
weariness and loss of blood, and fell to the earth with her 
suffering burden, but soon was forced to resume the 
march. Night came and the snow began to fall. Then a 
halt was ordered, and the captives sat on the ground 
until dawn, the poor mother clasping to her breast the 
little child who was monning and crying. 

Nine days later the little one died, having been carried 
a large part of this time in the arms of the mother. Death 
came in the early night, and throughout all the hours of 
darkness the mother lay on tlie ground with the lifeless 
little body beside her. In the morning an Indian took it 
awav and buried it. 

(^( #teptreb Jtoe 335 

Almost twelve weeks of the most intense suffering and 
privation passed, but the brave woman comforted herself 
with words from the sacred writings and bore her fate 
without complaint. At last she was redeemed and re- 
stored to her people. 

She wrote a history of her captivity, which was pub- 
lished in several editions, both in this country and in 
England. The last appeared in 1903. Her father, John 
White, the emigrant, from South Petherton, County 
Somerset, England, first settled in Salem, and was the 
great-great-great-great-grandfather of John Barber 
White, of Kansas City, Missouri. 


Charlemagne, Emperor of the West, son of Pepin, 
grandson of Charles Martel, married Hildegarde, of 
Swabia, and their son, Ijouis le Debonnaire, was Emperor 
of the West. His grandson, Arnold, was King of Ger- 
many, and his daughter, Hadviga, married Othon the 
Great, of Saxony; their son, Henry (called '*The Fowl- 
er"), was Duke of Saxony, and Emperor of Germany, 
919. His daughter, Hadviga, married Hugh the Great, 
Duke of France, and they were the parents of the famous 
Hugh Capet, King of France, whose son, Robert the 
Pious, married, as second wife, Constance of Aquitaine. 
A son of this marriage, Henry the First, King of France, 
married Anna, granddaughter of Bomanus Second, Em- 
peror of Constantinople, whose great-grandson, Pierre de 
Courtnay, married Isabelle, daughter of Sir Rainaud de 
Courtnay, in Gastinois, First Baron of Oakhampton, Dev- 
on, who died in 1219. The House of Courtnay was one of 
the most powerful of France, and this Sir Bainaud, or 
Reginald, the most powerful of his house. So large a 
number of retainers and warriors waited upon his pleas- 
ure that when he returned from the Holy Land, where he 
had gone with his sovereign, Louis the Seventh of France, 
and was looked upon with suspicion by the Begent left 
by Louis, it was declared that if he (Sir Beginald) was to 

#f #tKptreb Jtoe 337 

be subdued, a vast army must be sent against him. He 
seems to have been a chivalric gentleman, for when the 
character of Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of King Louis, 
was aspersed by her royal husband, Sir Reginald boldly 
defended her. Later when she had been divorced, and 
was married to King Henry the Second of England, Sir 
Reginald accompanied them to England. The wife of Sir 
Rainaud de Courtnay was Hawise, descended from Rich- 
ard the First, of Normandy, and the great estates of Oak- 
hampton had been received by her ancestors from Wil- 
liam the Conqueror. 

A daughter of Pierre de Courtnay and his wife, Isa- 
belle de Courtnay, Alice de Courtnay (sister to Peter the 
Second, Emperor of Constantinople), married, as second 
wife, Aymer Taillefer, Count d'Angouleme. 

A daughter of this marriage, Isabel Taillefer, married, 
first, John, King of England (they being parents of King 
Henry the Third), but after the death of King John, she 
married, in 1217, Hugh le Brune, Count de la Marche, in 
Poictou (their son was William de Lusignon, alias Val- 
ence, First Earl of Pembroke), but the descent given in 
this chapter is through their daughter, Isabel le Brune, 
who married Maurice de Credonis, a famous Baron of 
Lincolnshire. A grandson of this marriage was Sir 
Thomas de Berkeley, whose family was one of great his- 
toric importance. An ancestor, Robert Fitzharding, 
whose father was a companion in arms of William the 
Conqueror, was loyal to the Empress Maud, and rewarded 
by her son. King Henry the Second, with the Lordship of 
Berkeley. This Robert lived in great magnificence, and 

338 (^ #tqrfreb J^ate 

was tlie knight who entertained, in 1168, Dermot Mac- 
Murrough, King of Leinster, with his sixty retainers, 
when the Irish Prince sought help from tlie English King. 
It was in response to this appeal that Richard de Clare, 
^^Strongbow" (who subsequently married Eva, daughter 
of Mac Murrough), went into Ireland with an English 
army, as related in an earlier chapter. This 
Sir Thomas de Berkeley, First Baron de Berkeley, mar- 
ried Joan, daughter of William de Ferrers, Sixth 
Earl of Derby. With this marriage is introduced 
lineal descent from Alfred the Great, through his de- 
scendant, Margaret Atheling, who married Malcolm 
Canmore, King of Scotland, and through him is con- 
ferred descent from the earlier royal Scotch line. 
Their daughter, Matilda, married Henry the First, 
King of England, son of William the Conqueror and 
his wife, Matilda of Flanders, thus adding the Nor- 
man line, and that of Flanders. The Joan Ferrers 
who married, as stated above, Thomas de Berkeley, 
was sixth in descent from King Henry the First, of 
England, and his wife, Matilda. Hence, the daugh- 
ter of this marriage, 
Margaret de Berkeley, of Yewley, inherited descent from 
all the royal houses represented by the lines of Berke- 
ley and de Ferrers. She married Sir Anselm Basset, 
Knight. The great baronial family of Basset became 
prominent immediately after the Norman Conquest, 
being known as the Lords Basset of Drayton, the 
Lords Basset of Haddington, and the Bassets of 
Cornwall. Ralph Basset was Chief Justice in the 

iM #teptreb J^ate 339 

time of Henry the First, and later various other 
members of the family were deservedly famous. A 
great-great-great-grandson of Margaret de Berkeley 
and her husband, Sir Anselm Basset, 

Robert Basset, of Yewley Manor, married Margaret 
Howell. Their son, 

Giles Basskt, of Yewley Manor, married Jane Davis. A 
son of this marriage, 

Robert Basset, of Yewley Manor, married Anne Spycer, 
widow of George Shepherd. Their son, 

William Basset, of Yewley Manor, married Jane, daugh- 
ter of John Ashe, of Somersetshire. A son of this 

P]dward Basset, of Yewley Manor, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Henry Lygon, of Gloster. Their daugh- 

Jane Basset, married John Deighton, M. D., of Glouces- 
tershire. He died May 10, 1640. Their daughter, 
Frances Deighton, was baptized at St. Nicholas, 
Gloster, March 1, 1611, and married to Richard Wil- 
liams, February 11, 1632, a son of William Williams, 
of Tynwell. They came to Taunton, Massachusetts, 
in 1635, and a daughter, 

Elizabeth Williams, married John Bird. A daughter of 
this marriage, 

Deighton Bird, married Isaac Myrick. Their daughter, 

Rebecca Myrick, bom in 1725, died in 1800, married Nich- 
olas Hathaway, and their son, 

Stephen Hathaway, bom September 4, 1746, died April 
29, 1819, married, Febraary 11, 1767, Hope Pierce, 

340 (M ^ttfixth Jtoe 

born June 27, 1748, died January 10, 1838. A son of 
this marriage, 
Fbedebick Hathaway, born August 19, 1781, married, 
July 17, 1808, Sally White, born May 17, 1784, died 
November 15, 1849. Their son, 

William Henry Hathaway, bom December 11, 1814, died 
March 16, 1875, married Fanny Esther Arnold, bom 
October 14, 1820, died December 24, 1896. Their 

Linda Olney Hathaway, bom at Smithfield, Rhode Is- 
land, married Joshua Wilbour, of Rhode Island. 

Mrs. Wilbour is not only a member of the most 
interesting national organizations, but in most of 
them an officer. She is Honorary Vice-President of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution, Vice- 
President Mary Washington Memorial Association, 
Member of the Rhode Island Society of Colonial 
Dames of America, Member of the Society of Col- 
onial Governors, Member of the Order of the Crown 
in America, Charter Member of the College Women's 
Club of New York City, Member of the Washing- 
ton Club, Washington City; Member of the Rhode 
Island Historical Society, Member of the Huguenot 
Society, and of the ** Daughters of Founders and 
Patriots of America. ' ' Among her illustrious Amer- 
ican ancestors are Roger Williams, founder of Rhode 
Island ; John Coggeshall, Second, Deputy Governor ; 
William Bauldstone, Assistant twenty-two years; 
Thomas Olney, Assistant nine years, and one of the 
original proprietors of Providence Plantations. All 

of these were signers of the Royal Charter of Rhode 
Island granted by Charles the Second, in 1663. A 
number of streets in Rhode Island cities, are named 
for Airs. Wilbour's ancestors, among them Williams, 
Watertown, Anzelle, Thomas, Arnold, Sabine, Olney 
and Greene. 

Alfrtb tift (great. 

#aral| ^uMntti. 

^lisa ^tkitta0n ]Ece Winti^tsUt, 

The descent from Alfred the Great to King Henry 
Third of England is given in an earlier chapter. In 
another is shown descent from King Henry Third to 
Sarah Ludlow, who married, as third wife. Colonel John 
Carter, of '^Corotoman," Virginia. He died in 1669, and 
left one child, 

CoLONKi. KoBKitT Cakter, callcd "King Carter,'' who 
married, first, Judith Annistead, daughter of John 
Armistead. Their daughter, 
JuiiiTit Carter, nuirried Honorable Mann Page, of "Rose- 
well," son of Colonel John Page, of England, one of 
her jMajesty's Council, and a member of the historic 
Page family so largely connected with the public 
affairs of Virginia and its best known people. Among 
the most distinguished members of the Page family 
is Mr. Thomas Nelson Page, the American autlior, 
whose work has introduced to the world the most 
ex(iuisite types of American character as developed 
in the South, and a lineal descendant of Colonel 
George lieade. A son of Judith Carter Page and her 
hus])and, Hcmorable Mann Page, 
Robert Page, of ^Miroadneck," Hanover County, mar- 
ried Sarah Walker, daughter of an P]nglish clergy- 
man. Their son. 

(^f ^teptreb JRate 343 

John Page, of ' ' Broadneck, " married Maria Horseman- 
der Byrd, daughter of Colonel William Byrd, of 
*^Westover/' She was a descendant of Edward the 
Third of England, and Hugh Capet, through Sir 
Ralph de Neville and his wife, Joan de Beaufort. A 
son of John Page and his wife, Maria Horsemander 
Byrd Page, 

William Byrd Page, of ^^Pagebrook," married Eliza 
Mayo Atkinson, of Mansfield, Dinwiddie County, 
Virginia. Their daughter, 

Evelyn Byrd Page, married Richard Henry Lee. In this 
marriage several of the most illustrious American 
families are united, Lee, Page, Byrd, Carter and 
Armistead. The descendants of Evelyn Byrd Page 
Lee, and Richard Henry Lee, trace back not only 
through Sarah Ludlow, to Alfred the Great, and 
through Maria Horsemander to Alfred the Great, 
and Hugh Capet, but through Richard Henry Lee to 
one of the most distinguished lines which any Amer- 
ican can claim. 

The Lee family of Virginia represents many houses 
of the old world, which are connected with deeds of 
valor and high emprise. *^Vere do Vere," has become 
the synonym of high station and pride of blood and posi- 
tion, but it is associated as well with men who *' main- 
tained what they spake, spake what they thought, and 
thought what they apprehended to be true and jusf 
The blood of the De Vere, De Staunton, and De Edring- 
ton families, in conjunction with that of others as con- 
spicuously noble, flows in the veins of the Lees. They 

344 (^i ^teptreb ]Sistt 

have been bishops of the Church of England, lord chief 
justices of England, and most valiant soldiers. Launce- 
lot Lee fought with the Conqueror at Hastings; Lionel 
Lee with Richard Coeur de Lion at Acre, and another 
Lee with Marlborough at Blenheim. From earliest times 
the family was represented by knights and gentlemen 
serving their king in noble offices. 

Among the most ancient members of the family of 
Lee to be distinctly traced by deeds and land grants is 
Hugo de Lee. His son Reginald was bom about 1150. 
This Reginald was sheriff of Shropshire in 1201. The 
son of Reginald was Sir Thomas de la Lee. From this 
family, one of the oldest in England, the Virginia Lees 
are believed to be descended, and they brought with them, 
and have used ever since their coming, the same arms 
as those borne by the Lees of Shropshire, England. The 
same names as those which distinguished their ancestral 
estates in England are also found in Virginia: '*Lee 
Hall,'' '^Langley," '^Lea," ^'Coton Hall,'* ** Stratford, ' ' 

Colonel Richard Lee, the immigrant, was a man of 
both wealth and distinction. He owned immense tracts 
of land, and was an extensive planter. His journeys to 
the Old World were frequent, and from thence he had 
imported many of the elegancies and luxuries of life 
which adorned his spacious Virginia home. Here were 
hospitably entertained many foreign guests. Among 
them John Gibbon, writer, and officer of the Herald's 
Office, London. Gibbon refers in most flattering terms 
to his gracious host, gives his *'coat armour," and speak- 

(^( #teptreb Jtoe 345 

ing of his income, says the product of his tobacco alone 
was two thousand pounds per annum. 

Many high offices were held by Colonel Eichard Lee. 
He was colonial secretary of Virginia under Sir William 
Berkeley, President of Her Majesty's Council of State, 
1641; represented York County as burgess in 1647; 
Northumberland in 1657, and was member of the Tobacco 
Commission, 1663. 

To Colonel Richard Lee and his wife, Anne, surname 
unknown, were bom, among other children, 1, John Lee, 
educated in England, who took the degree of A.B. at 
Oxford, 1662. A silver cup, presented by him, is still 
preserved by his Alma Mater. He died unmarried. 

2, Richard Lee, founder of the ** Stratford Lees,'* and 
3, Hancock Lee, founder of the * ' Ditchley Lees. ' ' Hancock 
Lee was bom in Northumberland County, in 1653, and 
died in 1709. He was justice in 1677, 1689, 1699 aud 
1702; was burgess in 1688 and naval officer in 1699. He 
married, second, Sarah Elizabeth Allerton, daughter of 
Colonel Isaac Allerton and his wife, Elizabeth Willough- 
by. Their daughter, Elizabeth Lee, married Zachary 
Taylor. They were great-great-grandparents of Annah 
Robinson Watson, presented elsewhere in this volume. 
Richard Lee, founder of the ** Stratford Lees,'' of Vir- 
ginia, married Letitia, daughter of Henry Corbin, and 
had, among other children, Henry Lee, who married Maiy 
Bland. Their son, Henry Lee, married Lucy Grymes, and 
among their children were Edmund Jennings Lee, and 
'* Light Horse Harry Lee,'' who married Ann Hill Car- 
ter. These latter were the parents of Robert Edward 

346 (M #teptreb Jtoe 

Lee, one of the greatest men and the greatest soldiers 
America has producd. He was born January 19th, 1807 ; 
died October 12th, 1870. 

It is said that the '* chief est output of Virginia has 
been great men, great governmental ideas, and a great 
spirit." The same writer, President Alderman, of the 
University of Virginia, has further said, speaking of the 
War between the States: **True to character, Virginia 
went the old path of sympathy, idealism and unselfishness, 
and a certain grand accounting of honor more than life, 
and loyalty more than gold. ♦ ♦ ♦ Lee is a tjrpe of 
all the best there is in the moving history of the whole 
State. * * * In that figure of quiet strength, invin- 
cible rectitude and utter self-surrender, may be discerned 
the complete drama of a great stock. * * • He 
stood forth amid all vicissitudes, ever unshaken of dis- 
aster or unspoiled by success. * ♦ ♦ He stood at the 
end amid the shadows of defeat, an appealing and uncon- 
querable figure of virtue, of service, and of serene dig- 
nity. ♦ * * Surely God was good and full of thought 
for a people to set in the forefront of their life a figure so 
large and ample and faultless." Another biographer 
said of Robert Edward Lee: ''Liberty unsheathed his 
sword, necessity stained it. If victory did not crown his 
efforts, his defeat emphasized the greatness of the man. ' ' 

Surely, the moral and mental grandeur of such a char- 
acter is sufficient honor for an entire century of those 
who bear his name and share the same lineage. The 
greatest of all charactersitics has been defined as that 
which enables one to inspire others to heights of supreme 

(^( #teptreb Jtoe 347 

endeavor. This was in a marked degree a quality of Rob- 
ert Edward Lee. 

It has been said that Robert E. Lee gave little thought 
to questions pertaining to ancestry, and this may be true 
of the latter years of his life, when the afflictions of his 
people had well-nigh obliterated all personal concerns 
from his mental horizon. But he was too well balanced, 
his sense of personal responsibility too keen for indif- 
ference to such a matter. 

In 1838, when thirty-one years of age, he wrote to a 
kinsman : 

*'I believe I once spoke to you on the subject of get- 
ting for me the crest, coat of arms, etc., of the Lee fam- 
ily. ♦ * * My object in making the request is for 
the purpose of having a seal cut with the impression of 
said coat, which I think is due from a man of my large 
family to his posterity. * * * If you can assist me 
in this laudable enterprise I shall be much obliged.** 
(The letter is reproduced from **Lee of Virginia,** by 
courtesy of its author, Dr. Edmund Jennings Lee.) 

The Lee arms, as shown in this chapter, were brought 
to America by Colonel Richard Lee, and doubtless 
known to all members of the family, but it is probable 
that in 1838 very few copies had been made, and this re- 
quest by Robert E. Lee evidenced even a greater degree 
of interest in the matter than was usual at that time, when 
families had not scattered but still gathered about the 
original homestead. Through his mother, Anne Hill Car- 
ter Lee, he was a lineal descendant of Alfred the Great 
(she being a great, great granddaughter of Sarah 

348 (M ^ttfixth 3^e 

Ludlow) , and through his great grandmother, Anne Cath- 
erine Spottswood, of the royal Scotch line of Bruce and 
Malcolm Canmore, 

As already stated, among the children of Henry Lee 
and his wife, Lucy Grymes, was Edmund Jennings Lee. 
He married Sarah Lee, and among their children was 
Richard Henry Lee, bom in Alexandria, where he spent 
his youth, and where, after preparing himself for the 
practice of law, he entered upon his profession and was 
chosen commonwealth's attorney for Jefferson County. 
While holding this position the War between the States 
was declared and he entered the service of the Confed- 
eracy, and was made a lieutenant in ^'Bott's Grays,** a 
company of the Second Virginia Regiment, Stonewall 
Brigade. During a severe engagement of the Valley 
campaign, the color bearer of his regiment was shot. 
Lieutenant Lee took his place and received a disabling 
wound. Later he was appointed by Mr. Davis, president 
of the military court of the second army corps, and 
. this position he retained until the cessation of hostilities. 

He was twice taken prisoner, and experienced the hor- 
rors of Johnson's Island. The second time he escaped 
and returned to Virginia. After the close of the war he 
resumed the practice of his profession, and was elected 
by the State Legislature County Judge for Clarke. Col- 
onel Richard Henry Lee married, in June, 1848, as al- 
ready stated, Evelyn Byrd Page, daughter of William 
Byrd Page, of ' ' Pagebrook, ' ' and Eliza Mayo Atkinson, 
his second wife. He died at the family residence, Graf- 
ton, in Clarke County, Virginia, June 18th, 1903. From 

(M #tepireh 3te;e 349 

the stirring scenes of the battlefield, the hardships and 
privations of a military prison, he returned to private life 
with serene dignity, singleness of purpose, and elevated 
Christian principles, which enobled his intercourse with 
all those so fortunate as to know him. Intellectual, cul- 
tivated, and of incorruptible integrity, he was well fitted 
to grace all posts of honor, and to honor all posts of 
trust. His name and spotless character are to his descend- 
ants a priceless heritage, of which the exigencies of for- 
tune can never deprive them. The children of 

Evelyn Byrd Page Lee, and her husband. Colonel Rich- 
ard Henry Lee, are : 1, Mary Page Lee ; 2, Reverend 
William Byrd Lee, who married Sarah Jane Black- 
bum Kownslar; 3, Richard Henry Lee; 4, Reverend 
Charles Henry Lee, who married Susan Randolph 
Cooke (daughter of the distinguished novelist, John 
Esten Cooke, and his wife, Mary Page) ; and 

Eliza Atkinson Lee, who married Reverend James Ri- 
dout Winchester, D.D., of Annapolis, Maryland, a 
son of Jacob Winchester and his wife, Mary Ridout. 
The Winchester family came from England, where 
the name has been known for many centuries. In 
1649 a grant of land lying in Queen Anne County, 
Maryland, was bestowed by Lord Baltimore upon 
the first Winchester who came to this country. It 
remained in the family a little more than two cen- 
turies, until 1845, when it was sold by Jacob Win- 
chester, he having inherited it as eldest son of the 
eldest son. John Ridout, the first of this name in 
America, is said to have been of French Hngne- 

(Bi ^ce^iir^ Jftace 

not descent. He married a daughter of Governor 
Ogle, and his descendant, James Kidout Winchest- 
er, manifests in a life of religions consecration 
the inheritance of zeal, loyalty, and deep fervor 
which characterized the Huguenots. He took the de- 
gree of B.A. at Washington and Lee University, and 
after graduating at the Virginia Theological Semi- 
nary, was ordained Beacon 1877, Priest 1878, and in 
1893 received the honorary degree of D.D. from the 
University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee. He 
is an earnest and forceful speaker, a man capable of 
strong and direct appeal, and exerts an influence 
which few who come within the radius of his com- 
panionship can resist. He has deserved and won a 
high place among the leaders of the American 
church, and still greater honors are predicted for 

The children of Eliza Atkinson Lee Winchester, 
and her husband, James Ridout Winchester, are 
Evelyn Lee Winchester, Cassiua Lee Winchester, 
and Florence Whiting Winchester. Their home is 
Memphis, Tennessee, Dr. Winchester being the rector 
of Calvary Episcopal Church of that city. 

^Ihth tilt (HvtBi. 

The eldest daughter of Alfred the Great and his wife, 

the Lady Aelhswyth, was, 

Ethelfleda, known as the ''Lady of Mercia," who mar- 
ried Ethelred, Earl and Sub-King of Mercia. This 
daughter of King Alfred must have inherited many 
of the rare qualities of her father, for her ability and 
strength of character were very wonderful for a 
woman of the period in which she lived. The famous 
estate of Tamworth was her home, and when it was 
assaulted by the invading Danes, she beat them back 
and then built a castle and tower, upon an elevation 
constructed according to her own plans, which re- 
mained a monument to her skill for centuries. This 
Tamworth was bestowed by William the Conqueror, 
as elsewhere stated in this volume, upon his kins- 
man and champion, Lord Eobert de Marmyun. A 
daughter of Ethelfleda and her husband, the Earl of 
Mercia, was, 

Elswina, who married Godwin, a nobleman of Wessex, 
and from a son of this marriage, 

Leofwin, Earl of Leicester and Mercia, was descended 
in the twenty-fourth generation, as already shown in 
this volume, John Prescott, bom in England, about 
1604, who married there, April 11, 1629, Mary Platts, 

352 (M #teptreh 3te;e 

also bom in England. Some years later, John Pres- 
cott and his wife moved to the Barbadoes, West In- 
dies, and here, in 1639, their daughter, 

Hannah Prescott, was bom. Later the family located 
permanently in the colony of Massachusetts, where 
the character and ability of John Prescott quickly 
won recognition. He was called ' ' The Father of Lan- 
caster," and was honored not only by his own gen- 
eration, but by those of a later period, who realized 
the value of his work in the establishment of this 
settlement. He died in Lancaster, in the year 1681, 
his wife having died in 1674. Also in Lancaster, Han- 
nah Prescott, daughter of John Prescott, and his 
wife, Mary Prescott, married, as second wife, John 
Eugg (bom in England), and here she died, in 1697. 
A son of this marriage, 

Daniel Etjgg, bom in 1678, married in 1704, Elizabeth 
Priest, said to have been of royal descent through 
her grandfather. Judge Robert Gray. A son of this 
marriage, ''Ensign" 

Ebuben Rugo, bom 1705, married, on March 10, 1730, 
Lydia Ross, who, according to family tradition, was a 
lineal descendant of James I., King of Scotland, and 
consequently of King Robert, ''the Bruce. Their 

Lydia Rugg, bom in 1733, died 1803, married on Decem- 
ber 12, 1754, Lieutenant Asa Wilder, who was bom in 
1734, and died 1780. He served in the War of the 
Revolution, as did also his son, when very young, 
being called ' ' the boy soldier. ' ' This son, 

(Bf #teptreh 3te;e 353 

Reuben Wilder, bom in 1762, died in 1832, married, on 
February 16, 1784, as first wife, Mary Pierce, and 
their son, 

Amasa Wilder, bom September 10, 1784, in West Boyls- 
ton, Massachusetts, died November 24, 1853, in New- 
ark, Ohio, married, on October 31, 1820, at Salem, 
Massachusetts, Hannah Peabody, said to have been 
of royal descent. She was bom at Penobscot, Maine, 
on May 3, 1797, and died at Newark, Ohio, August 23, 
1855. Their son, 

Charles Peabody Wilder, bom May 5, 1824, married, 
November 8, 1848, Eloise Walker, bom March 19, 
1827, who was a descendant of many distinguished 
Colonial families of Rhode Island, among them that 
of Governor John Coggeshall and Governor John 
Coggeshall, Second. Sir Thomas de Coggeshall, a 
direct ancestor, held the Manor of ** Little Cogge- 
shall Hall," County Essex, England, in the time of 
KLug Stephen, about 1135. The Coggeshall ''arms,'* 
reproduced from a seal affixed to a letter written 
by John Coggeshall, Secretary of the Colony of 
Rhode Island, in 1677, is in the possession of the 
family. Other lines of ancestry belonging to Mrs. 
Eloise Walker Wilder trace to Scotch Covenanters, 
who came to America about 1720, and to English 
Cavaliers, who made their homes in the South. 
Through several of these she is said to be of royal 
lineage, one German ancestral line tracing to the 
Hohenzollerns, the family of Emperor William of 
Germany. The founder of this line was Thasilion, 

354 (Bf S^ttfixth 3te;e 

Count of Zollem, about the year 800. From the four- 
teenth century the family was represented by two 
lines, the ' ' Burgraves ' ' being one, and from this the 
Kaiser is descended. 

Charles Peabody Wilder died August 20, 1893. His wife, 
Eloise Walker Wilder, died August 10, 1905. Their home 
in Indianapolis, Indiana, was for an extended period of 
years a recognized center of culture and refinement. The 
personal gifts of both husband and wife were of rare 
and artistic quality, he being a musician of unusual power, 
she an artist and a poet of ability. To these talents were 
added in each the higher graces of religion and philan- 
thropy. They gave with the generosity only found in 
those who possess the noblest conceptions of life and duty. 
The church, the community, the larger and smaller fields 
of endeavor within reach, all felt their uplifting influence, 
and the student of heredity cannot fail to see in their 
characters, their abilities, and their lives the flowering of 
a long line of noble and purposeful ancestors. Mrs. 
Wilder, at the advanced age of seventy-eight, continued 
to follow her course of French reading and historic re- 
search, and when the time came for relinquishing these 
pursuits, was engaged in preparing for publication a 
series of historical papers. 

Four children survived this gifted couple : Mrs. Alice 
W. Morton, Mrs. A. L. Preston, Mr. Charles Alonzo Wil- 
der, and 

Fanny Bamsay Wilder, bom in Newark, Ohio, who mar- 
ried, June 10, 1879, in Indianapolis, Wilbur Fiske 

(M ^teptreh 3te;e 355 

Mrs. Winchester, through her distinguished Eng- 
lish and American ancestors, holds membership and 
positions of honor in the most exclusive organiza- 
tions of this country. She is Councillor for Indiana 
of ' ^ The Order of the Crown of America, ' ' Chairman 
for Indiana of the "Order of Descendants of Col- 
onial Governors," President of the Indiana Society 
of Colonial Dames of America, First Acting His- 
torian of the D. A. E. in Indiana, the only member in 
Indiana of the ' ' Daughters of Founders and Patriots 
of America," and Organizing President for the 
State of Indiana, of "United States Daughters of 


(ttlyapter Jfart^-^lytri 

Sf^rat JSjisiovic QDr^anisations. 

Ancient historic organizations are interesting because 
of their significance and associations, but they are also 
closely allied to the general subject matter of these pages, 
since so many ancestors of those api)earing therein were 
members of such orders. 

It would be difficult to assign a distinct period to the 
founding of ancient organizations, though there were 
doubtless in very early days associations of men banded 
together for the accomplishment of various ends. There 
were the schools of philosophy, in both Greece and Rome; 
there was possibly in some sense an organization among 
the followers of King Arthur, but *'Tlie Most Ancient 
Order of the Thistle," said to have been instituted by 
King Achiaus, who ruled over the Scots from 788 to 
819, was, probably, more nearly akin to the historic 
organizations known today than any other of ancient 

This order is said to owe its origin to an event in early 
Scotch history. The national chiefs had gathered their 
clans in anticipation of attack from the Danes. The 
latter effected a landing earlier than expected and were 
marching in haste to take the Scots unawares. Stealthily, 
under cover of the night, they were advancing, but when 
almost upon the sleeping host, one of the invaders stepped 
upon the sharp nettles of the thistle and gave a sudden 

(©f ^ttftXth ]SisXt 357 

cry of pain. Shrill and sharp it cut the air, and in an 
instant tlie alarm was given, the Scotch warriors sprang 
to their arms and the Danes were defeated. The thistle 
became the national emblem, the order was instituted, 
and is supposed to have existed for an extended period. 
It was revived by James the Second in 1679. 

''The Most Honorable Order of the Bath'' is doubtless 
of very ancient origin, owing its significance to the earli- 
est observances connected with the installation of a 
knight. The ceremonial of the bath, on the night of his 
vigil, preceded the investiture of his regalia, this being 
simple or elaborate, as his station might command. Even 
in very early days for the knight of high degree a most 
gorgeous costume seems to have been provided. That de- 
scribed by Malmesbury, as worn by Athelstane, when 
knighted by his grandfather, Alfred the Great, was **a 
purple garment set with gems, and a Saxon sword with 
golden sheath." The Order of the Bath was revived 
by George the First in 1725. 

Perhaps the most conspicuous historic organization 
of early days was ''The Most Noble Order of the Gar- 
ter," which, according to some historians, owes its origin 
to a tradition that during one of the crusades, Richard 
Coeur de Leon decorated for conspicuous bravery cer- 
tain of his knightly followers with a thong of blue 
leather, which was worn around the left leg as a badge. 
Others give quite a different origin, accrediting it 
to the familiar incident in the life of Edward the Third 
and the Countess of Salisbury. The lady, while dancing 
with the king, dropped her garter; he picked it up and 

358 m #tqrtreJ> 3to:e 

tied it about his own leg, but seeing that the courtiers 
were commenting upon the occurence, he returned it 
to its owner, with the words, '*Honi soit qui mal y pense/' 
The Order, consisting at first of twenty-five knights, be- 
sides the sovereign and princes of the blood, now claims 
a much larger membership, but is still the most exclusive 
in the world. 

It appears from ancient records that there was a 
unique organization in Wales composed of the national 
bards, and since their ballads were largely inspired by 
ancestral heroism and chivalry, the spirit of such an or- 
ganization must have been quite in harmony with the sub- 
ject matter of this volume. Congresses of these bards 
were held at stated periods, and at these a greatly cov- 
eted trophy, a silver harp, was bestowed upon the suc- 
cessful competitor in the poetic contest. 

In the time of Queen Elizabeth, a commission was 
granted for the holding of a congress of these bards 
which was addressed to *^our trusty and well beloved 
Sir Richard Bulkely, Sir Rhees Griffith, William Lewis, 
John Lewis," and others, and read: * * * **For 
as much as our Council had understanding that the ac- 
customed Place for the Execution of the like Commis- 
sion hath been heretofore at Cayroes, in our county of 
Flynt, and that William Mostyn, Esquire, and his ances- 
tors have had the gift and bestowing of the Sylver Harp 
appertaining to the Chief of that Faculty, and that a 
year's Warning at least hath been accustomed to be given 
of the Assembly and Execution of the like Commission; 
Our said Commission have therefore appointed the Exe- 
cution of this Commission to be at the said Town of 

(Bf ^ttfixth 3te;e 359 

Cayroes, the Monday next after the Feast of the Blessed 
Trinity. ' ' * * * The Commission further commands 
that unworthy bards * ' shall be ordered to return to some 
honest labour, and due exercise, such as they be most 
apt unto for Maintenance of their living, upon pain to 
be taken as sturdy and idle Vagabonds, and to be used 
according to the Laws and Statutes provided in that 
Behalf." This is signed by '^Her Highness' Council in 
the Marchesse of Wales," under date 1567, and a notice 
of the said congress, translated from the original Welsh, 
and a record tliat during this congress, which met May 
26th, 1568, the degree of Pencerdd was conferred upon 
Sidwnt Vychan, is preserved in the Welsh archives. 

These orders were confined to the British Isles and sev- 
eral of them were revived and rehabilitated during the 
reigns following that of Queen Elizabeth. Shortly 
after the close of the Eevolution, in 1783, before dis- 
bandment of the Continental Army, when the officers 
were preparing to return to their homes, the first honor- 
ary organization was effected in this country. The asso- 
ciation was called '*The Society of the Cincinnati," for 
the Roman dictator, L. Quinctius Cincinnatus, who was 
found by the deputy sent to him from the Senate, digging 
in his field beyond the Tiber, and in allusion to the ap- 
proaching change these officers were to make from mili- 
tary to civil pursuits. Cincinnatus was a leader of the 
Patricians against the Plebeians, and the organization 
named for him met with considerable opposition on ac- 
count of its alleged aristocratic tendencies. Washington 
was its first president, Hamilton the second. 

360 (M ^teptreh 3te;e 

Thirty-one years after the organization of the Cincin- 
nati, in 1814, the War of 1812 was followed by an organi- 
zation of its veterans called the * ' Military Society of the 
War of 1812. ' ' The Mexican War was represented by the 
organization, in 1847, in the City of Mexico, by American 
officers of the ^* Aztec Society," and eighteen years later, 
when the Civil War ended, the ** Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States, '* was formed by offi- 
cers of the national army and navy. 

This was followed in 1866, by *^The Grand Anny of 
the Republic, ' ' later by * * The Sons of the American Rev- 
olution," ''The Daughters of the American Revolution," 
**The United Confederate Veterans," ''Sons of Veter- 
ans," and "Daughters of Veterans," the three last rep- 
resenting those who fought on the Confederate side of 
the Civil War, and their descendants. "The Colonial 
Dames" was organized in 1891, and like "The Daughters 
of the American Revolution," has handled large issues 
of national importance connected with historic events of 
the past. 

Another very distinguished order is that of "The 
Descendants of Colonial Governors," commemorating the 
services of men who exercised supreme executive power 
in tlie American Colonies, comprised within the territory 
of the thirteen Colonial States. Each of these organi- 
zations and many others not mentioned, has encouraged 
serious and systematic research into the records of the 
nation, and this has aroused a most commendable interest 
in names and localities deserving of honor. 

Among the many other historic and patriotic organi- 

(M #tejrfrei J^ate 36i 

zations deserving attention, none is more worthy of con- 
sideration than * * The Order of the Crown of America, ' ' 
and perhaps none other is so little known to the general 
public. Its development has been accomplished with such 
dignified reserve and strict avoidance of publicity, that 
the casual allusions made to it by the press have been 
distinctly inaccurate. 

Its work is connected with a period still earlier than 
that of the Colonial Dames, and from the first inception 
to the present time it has maintained a steady and grati- 
fying progress. The affairs of the organization are un- 
der the control of the Founder and a national board of of- 
ficers, supplemented by State Councillors, and these rep- 
resentatives are scattered from ocean to ocean, east and 
west, and from Maine to the Gulf coast. 

Each member of the order is of proven royal descent, 
and the lines of each radiating into different genealogical 
channels, furnish distinguished * * supplementary claims, ' ' 
whose historic accuracy and reliability are indisputable. 

The objects of the organization, as set forth in its very 
handsomely executed Constitution, are **to perpetuate 
the memory, not only of the illustrious colonial ancestors 
of the present generation, but their forefathers beyond 
the seas * * * and to stimulate a patriotic devotion 
to this country, which was founded largely by men whose 
distinguished lineage and traditions proved a forceful 
element in defining the principles which it adopted. ' ' 

The recognition accorded by this organization to an- 
cestors of earlier date, as well as to those of the Colonial 
period, is voiced in the lines: 

362 (M ^ttfivth JRate 

** Whence came the impulse which through mightiest souls 
Wrought for high achievement in the new 
America! Ah, the patriot blood she spilled, 
From those through centuries tutored well, she drew, 
The impulse strong, heroic, steadfast, unsubdued 
Had wrought, and at the Forge of Ages grew. ' ' 

One of the most interesting exchanges of courtesies 
between an American organization of this kind and a for- 
eign ruler was that between **The Order of the Crown 
of America," and King Edward the Seventh of England, 
upon the occasion of the millenary of the death of Alfred 
the Great. A superb and unique memorial was sent to His 
Majesty, thus formally placing '*The Order of the 
Crown of America," upon record in the country where 
the ancestors of a large number of its members won their 
early honors and distinctions. 

It was in Old English text, on choicest vellum, 
illuminated in the most sumptuous and elaborate man- 
ner, and represented the highest expression of artistic 
design, taste, and workmanship. The seal of the 
** Order" was impressed in pure gold, and upon the 
rich sealskin case in which the memorial was en- 
closed, appeared, also in massive gold letters, **To His 
Majesty, King Edward VII." In an appreciative 
aclmowledgement of this memorial, which was addressed 
to the Founder, Miss Henrietta Lynde de Neville Farns- 
worth , King Edward requested the Marquis of Lans- 
downe to convey to the members of **The Order of the 
Crown of America," his best thanks for their message, 
and referred in most complimentary terms to the very 
handsome illumination of this artistically executed 

(^ #reptreb 3te;e 363 

This organization bears a name new in this country, 
bnt it has been known for a century or more in Europe. 
**The Order of the Crown of Saxony" was founded by 
King Frederick Augustus a hundred years ago. ''The 
Order of the Crown of Wurtemburg" was founded by 
King William the First in 1818, and ''The Order of the 
Crown of India" was founded by Queen Victoria upon 
her assumption of the title ' ' Empress of India, ' ' and its 
membership is restricted to women of noble birth. 

Perhaps the most significant of all American orders is 
"The Medal of Honor Legion," instituted at Washing- 
ton in 1890, though the first Medals of Honor were au- 
thorized by Congress in 1862. Their award has been sup- 
posedly governed by the most stringent rules, and it was 
the original purpose to make this distinction more diffi- 
cult to win than the Victoria Cross of England, the Iron 
Cross of Germany, or the Cross of the Legion of Honor 
of France. The decorations of all orders are worn 
upon the left breast, presumably because this was the 
shield side of the knight, and next his loyal heart. 

There can be no question of the fact that all organiza- 
tions, such as those mentioned and many others of dig- 
nity and high position, have had and will continue to 
have a great influence for good. They will stimulate 
individual, family, and national pride, and encourage 
that recognition of a noble and chivalrous ancestry which 
should be an inspiration to exalted conceptions of life. 


#aine American Jeaceitbanta of 

t Alexander, Mrs. Oakey Logan, 
Ethel Witherspoon, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Boston, Massachusetts. 

t Anderson, Mrs. Keller, 
Jean Millar Robertson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

f Armstrong, Mrs. Charles Dorsey, 
Lida Campbell Leib, 
Humphrey Warren, 
Edward I. of England, 
San Jose, California. 

Anderson, Mr. Claud Desha, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

Anderson, Miss Jean Keller, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

t Bailey, Mrs. Edward P., 
Annie Empie, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Wilmington, North Carolina. 

t Barnes, Mrs. William Lincoln, 
Eva M. Wendell, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Ionia, Michigan. 

t Raggett, Mrs. William T., 
Nelly Conway Rose, 
Reverend Robert Rose, 
vSan Francisco, California. 

tBenning, Miss Anna Caroline, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Columbus, Georgia. 

t Bennett, Mrs. Henry W., 
Ariana Ambler Holliday, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Indianapolis, Indiana. 

fBethell, Mrs. William Decatur, 
Cynthia Saunders Pillow, 
Colonel George Reade, % 
Alfred the Great, 
Denver, Colorado. 

fBond, Jr., Mrs. L. Montgomery, 
Francis Hammond Washington 

Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Mount Vernon, New York. 

tBoyd, Miss Annie Frances H., 
Major Charles H. Boyd, 
Robert Bruce of Scotland, 
Portland, Maine. 

tBoyd, Miss Augusta Dearborn, 
Maj.-Gen. Henry Dearborn, 
Robert Bruce of Scotland, 
Portland, Maine. 

•Items In this list show the married name, maiden name, and pres- 
ent residence of each individual, also American, and royal or noble ances- 
tor from whom descent is derived. 

These items, so far as they relate to the members of 'The Order of 
the Crown of America," are based upon information furnished by oflfidals 
of the orgranization. The Colonial Dames, Daughters of the American 
Revolution, Daughters of the Confederacy and other historic orders, are 
represented in the list. 

tMember of "The Order of the Crown of America." 


#! #trptreb |la» 

tBoyden, Mrs. Archibald^ 
May Wheat Shober, 
Daniel Roberdeau, 
Alfred the Great, 
Salisbury, North Oarolina. 

tBrickell, Mrs. Robert Coman, 
Mary Blassingame Glenn, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Huntsville, Alabama. 

t Booth, Mrs. Thomas, 
I^uise "Warren, 
Humphrey Warren, 
Edward I. of England, 
New Berlin, Illinois. 

f Brown, Mrs. George Hunter, 
Cornelia Emily Moss, 
Gov. Mathew Griswold, 
Edward I. of England, 
New York City. 

t Brown, Mrs. George Whitfield, 
Mary d'Antignac, 
Governor Spotswood, 
Robert II. of Scotland, 
Washington, D. C. 

Bryan, Mrs. Charles B., 
Anna Semmes, 
Oliver St. John, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

t Bulloch, Miss Emma Hamilton, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Washington, D. C. 

t Bullock, Mrs. Jonathan Russell, 
P]mma Wescott, 
William Arnold, 
Hugh Capet, 
Bristol, Rhode Island. 

t Butler, Jr., Mrs. William A., 
P'annie Judson Knight, 
Mabel Harlakenden, 
Alfred the Great, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

fCady, Mrs. Freeman R., 
Constance Mary Lyons Harrison, 
Governor John West, 
Alfred the Great, 
Los Angeles, California. 

t Caldwell, Mrs. John E., 
Emma E. Wilson, 
Elizabeth St. John, 
Henry I. of France, 
Decatur, Georgia. 

t Casey, Mrs. Joseph J., 
Mary C. Martin, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Manhattan, New York. 

tCastleman, Mn, HumphreyB, 
Ira Gerrard, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
St. Louis, Missouri. 

t Chase, Mrs. Charles Curry, 
Mary Malvina Sawyer, 
Reverend Charles Chaunoey, DJ>., 
Henry I. of France, 
Oshkosh, Wisconsin. 

f Claiborne, Mrs. H., 

Mary Herbert, 

Colonel Nathaniel Claiborne, 

Edward HI. of England, 

Richmond, Virginia. 
Clapp, Mrs. Lucas, 

Lamira Parker, 

Bartholomew Dupuy, 

Memphis, Tennessee. 

t Clarke, Mrs. Edward Hobson, 
Hartley Tyler, 
Colonel Robert Carter, 
Alfred the Great, 
Owensboro, Kentucky. 

f Cockrill, Mrs. Sterling R., 
Mary Ashley Freeman, 
Mabel Harlakenden, 
Edward m. of England, 
Little Rock, Arkansas. 

t Colston, Mrs. Pendleton, 
Electra Oliver Semmes, 
Oliver St. John, 
Alfred the Great, 
Mobile, Alabama. 

Coles, Mrs. Thomas Boiling, 
Charlotte James Berkley, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Brooklyn, New York. 

(M ^trptreh ]^t 


t Col I ins, Mrs. Clarence Lyman, 
Marie Louise Clark, 
John Lyman, 
Alfred the Great, 
New York, New York. 

t Cooper, Mrs. Sidney Perry, 
Mary Louise Jackson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Edward III. of England, 
Ashcville, North Carolina. 

f Corey, Mrs. Edward Ward, 
Louise Churchill Boyd, 
James Boyd, 
Alfred the Great, 
Portland. Maine. 

tCordner, Miss Caroline Parkman, 
Richard Saltonstall, 
Alfred the Great, 
Boston, Massachusetts. 

tCox, Mrs. William Ruffin, 
Kate Cabell, 
Major James Alston, 
Alfred the Great, 
Richmond, Virgina. 

fCoxe, Mrs. Tench C, 
Sarah F. Potter, 
James Claypoole, 
Edward L of England, 
Ashcville, North Carolina. 

f Craig, Mrs. William, 
Ruth H. Thompson, 
Judge R. Augustus Thompson, 
Alfred the Great, 
San Francisco, California. 

tCranage. Mrs. Thomas, 
Julia Pitts, 
Judge Simon Lynde, 
Alfred the Great, 
Bay City, Michigan. 

t Cross, Mrs. Arthur Dudley, 
Elsie Chapline Pheby, 
Colonel Moses W. Chapline, 
Edward I. of England, 
Oakland, California. 

tCrux, Mrs. George A., 
Cornelia Armistead Lusson, 
Colonel John Armistead, 
Portland, Oregon. 

tCulbiu-tson, Mrs. Samuel A., 
Louise Craig, 
Govenor John West, 
Alfred the Great, 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

.fCulburtson, Mrs. William S., 
Rebecca Keith Spears, 
Reverend James Keith, 
Alfred the Great, 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

tDabney, Mrs. John Davis, 
Virginia Amelia Grant, 
Major Roger Peyton, 
Alfred the Great, 
Birmingham, Alabama. 

tDancey, Miss Mary Louise, 
Governor Alexander Spotiwood, 
Alfred the Great, 
Iluntsville, Alabama. 

tDancey, Miss Unity Dandridge, 
Governor John West, 
Alfred the Great, 
New Decatur, Alabama. 

t Davis, Mrs. Britton, 
Antoinette Wells Steele, 
John Sullivan, 
Hugh Capet, 
El Paso, Texas. 

t Darncal, Mrs. Henry, 
Lulie Leigh Otey, 
Governor John West, 
Hugh Capet, 
San Francisco, California. 

tDay, Mrs. Thomas, 
Mary Robertson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

Dean, Mrs. Leonard Yancy, 
Carolyn Simpson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Eufaula, Alabama. 

t Derby, Mrs. Earle Clarke, 
Lillie Gill, 

Eliza Neilson Campbell Mitchell, 
Columbus, Ofaio. 


(M #cq>treb 3^aa 

t Dickenson, Mrs. Wallace W., 
Fanny Rose, 
Reverend Robert Rose, 
Henry I. of France, 
Little Rock, Arkansas. 

fDooley, Mrs. James H., 
Sallie May, 

Governor Edward Dirges, 
Edward Til. of England, 
Richmond, Virginia. 

tlhinbar, Mrs. Horace Bernard, 
Virginia Lyndall Kling, 
Honorable Ferdinand Fairfax, 
Edward IH. of England, 
Tacoma, Washington. 

tDunn, Mrs. James, 
Lucy James, 
James Claypoole, 
Edward L of England, 
Chicago, niinois. 

Duncan, Mrs. B. C, 
Elizal)eth Townes, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Grenada, Mississippi. 

fDyer, Mrs. Horace Hoxie, 
Abigail Jane Hitchook, 
Richard Lyman, 
Henry I. of France. 
Rutland, Vermont. 

Early, Jr., Mr. Eugene, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

Early, Jr., Mrs. Eugene, 
Katherine Davis Watson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

Edmonds, Mrs. Albert Sydney, 
Laura Boardman Caldwell, 
Reverend Samuel Whiting, 
Alfred the Great, 
Birmingham, Alabama. 

fEdriiigton, Mrs. John Price, 
Jennie Bethell, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

t Elliott, Mrs. Henry Ware, 
Charlotte Champe Stems, 
Reverend Charles Chaunoey, DJ)., 
Henry I. of France, 
Montreal, Canada. 

fEmpie, Mrs. Adam, 
Virginia Gwathmey, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Wilmington, North Carolina. 

tEmbrey, Mrs. Hugh H., 
Cecelia Tyler, 
Colonel Robert Carter, 
Alfred the Great, 
Chattanooga, Tennessee. 

Ensley, Mrs. Enoch, 
Mary Leavenworth Beecher, 
Richard Lyman, 
Henry L of France, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

t Fairfax, Miss Jane Gary, 
Honorable William Fairfax, 
Edward L of England, 
Washington, District of Columbia. 

Fant, Mrs. Rice T., 
Elizabeth Hull, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

Farrington, Mrs. ^lliam, 
Florence Topp, 
Patrick Stuart, 
Robert II. of Scotland, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

fFamsworth, Miss Henrietta Lynde 
de Neville, 
Judge Simon Lynde, 
Alfred the Great, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

fFamsworth, Miss Harriet Eliza 
John Prescott, 
Alfred the Great, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

t Fetter, Mrs. George, 
Catherine Gray, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

(M Sfttfiixth ]Sisxt 


tFoiilkes, Mrs. Edward, 
Mary Kent, 
Judge John Alston, 
Alfred the Great, 
Selma, Alabama. 

t Foster, Mrs. John McEwen, 
Bessie Perkins Bethell, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Denver, Colorado. 

French, Mrs. John C, 

Sarah Augustine Thornton, 
Laurence Washington, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

t Garth, Mrs. Horace E., 
Alice Dashiell Jones, 
Gabriel Throckmorton, 
Alfred the Great, 
Huntsville, Alabama. 

tGarth, Miss Maria Feam, 
Governor Alexander Spotswood, 
Alfred the Great, 
Huntsville, Alabama. 

tGarth. Miss Alice Dashiell, 
Governor Alexander Spotswood, 
Alfred the Great, 
Huntsville, Alabama. 

Garth, Mrs. Winston-Fearn, 
Lena Garth, 
Gabriel Throckmorton, 
Alfred the Great, 
Huntsville, Alabama. 

t Gates, Miss Edith Louise, 

John Lyman, 

Alfred the Great, 

Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 
t Gillespie, Miss Mary Byrd, 

Reverend Robert Rose, 

Henry T. of France, 

Grand Rapids, Michigan. 
fGlenn, Mrs. John Thomas, 

Helen Augusta Garrard, 

Colonel George Reade, 

Alfred the Great, 

Atlanta. Georgia. 
fGray, Mrs. Lyman Francis, 

Eolith Serena Caulkins, 

Richard Saltonstall, 

Edward III. of England, 

Dubuque, Iowa. 

Gill, Mrs. William Alfred, 

Belinda Strother Mitchell, 

Eliza Neilson Campbell Mitchell, 


Columbus, Ohio. 
tGouvemeur, Mrs. M. F., 

Mary Fairfax Davis, 

Honorable Orlando Fairfax, 

Edward III. of England, 

Wilmington, North Carolina. 
fGray, Mrs. Clifton Sidney, 

Francis Ann Ashley, 

Mabel Harlakenden, 

Edward I. of England, 

Little Rock, Arkansas. 
Greer, Mrs. James M., 

Betty Buckner Allen, 

Colonel George Reade, 

Alfred the Great, 

Memphis Tennessee, 
t Groves, Miss Elizabeth R., 

Judge John Alston, 

Alfred the Great, 

Selma, Alabama. 
tGrissim, Miss Annah Warren, 

Humphrey Warren, 

Edward L of England, 

Georgetown, Kentucky. 
Halliday, Mrs. William P., 

Anne Gray Ridley, 

Colonel George Reade, 

Alfred the Great, 

Memphis, Tennessee, 
f Hard a way, Mrs. William A., 

Lucy Nelson Page, 

Colonel William Byrd, 

Hugh Capet, 

St. Louis, Missouri. 
Harley, Mrs. James Calhoun, 

Anne Rainey Robinson, 

Colonel George Reade, 

Alfred the Great, 

Dallas, Texas. 
tHarris, Mrs. James Walton, 

Gertrude Kate Garrard, 

Colonel George Reade, 

Edward Til. of England, 

Jackson, Mississippi. 
tHart, Mrs. Henrv Gilbert, 

Lucy Lord Kimball, 

Matthew Allyn, 


Utica, New York. 





(M S^ttiptxth 3^e 

Hemingway, Mrs. Alfred T., 
Fanny Arabella White, 
John Preacott, 
Alfred the Great, 
Kansas City, Missouri. 

Ilerdnian, Mrs. Hu^h Henry, 
Martha M. L. Gilson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great. 
Morrisonville, Illinois. 

fHinton, Miss Mary Hilliard, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Raleigh, North Carolina. 

tHogan, Mrs. Robert George, 
Cornelia S. Heslep, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

tHollidny, Mrs. William J., 
Lucy Redd, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Indianapolis, Indiana. 

Howard, Dr. Norman de Vere, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Sandford, Florida. 

t Hughes, Mrs. Howard, 
Allene Gano, 
Humphrey Warren, 
Edward I. of England, 
Shreveport, Ix)uisiana. 

Huie, Mr. William Thompson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
San Francisco, California. 

tJackson, Mrs. Aug^istus, 
Mary Tuley Neilson, 
Hall Neilson, 
Washington, District of Columbia. 

fJarboe, Mrs. John R., 
Mary Halsey Thomas, 
Reverend Jeremiah Hobart, 
Henry I. of France, 
Santa Cruz, California. 

f Johnson, Mrs. B. H., 
Frances Ashley, 
Mabel Harlakenden, 
Edward I. of England, 
Little Rock, Arkansas. 

t Johnston, Mrs. Robert James, 
Mary Hannah Stoddard, 
William Jones, of New Haven, 
Owen Gwyned, Prince of North 

Humboldt, Iowa. 

Johnson, Mrs. W. N., 
Carrie Ewan, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

f Jones, Mrs. Alexander David, 
l<Vancis Mathes Fitch, 
Mabel Harlakenden, 
Alfred the Great, 
Charleston, South Carolina. 

t Jones, Miss Annie Vane, 
John Drake, 
Edward I. of England, 
Savannah, Georgia. 

f Jones, Mrs. Harvey Ellis, 
Marion Wilmer, 
General Alexander Brown, 
Robert I. of Scotland, 
Montgomery, Alabama. 

Jones, Mrs. S. Fkrquahar, 
Matilda Fontaine Berkley, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Kirkwood, Missouri. 

tJoyncr, Mrs. William Hunt, 
Medora Augusta Grey, 
Colonel Robert Carter, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

Kennedy, Mrs. Walker, 
Sara Beaumont Cannon, 
James Alexander, 
Robert Bruce of Scotland, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

tKilgour, Mrs. John, 
Mary Randolph Mcintosh, 
James Alexander, 
Robert Bruce, of Scotland, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

(if gfttjfixth 'J^t 


Kingy Mrs. William, 
Augusta Clayton, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Atlanta, Georgia. 

Knapp, Mrs. Shepard, 
Sarah Thornton Berkley, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great. 
St. Louis, Missouri. 

tLangley, Mrs. Augustus L., 
Mary Clarkson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Charleston, West Virginia. 

Latham, Mrs. Thomas J., 
Mary Wooldridge, 
Bartholomew Dupuy, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

Leake, Mrs. William J., 
Clara H. Grundy, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Richmond, Virginia. 

tTx?ib, Mrs. Samuel Franklin, 
Lida Campbell Grissim, 
Humphrey Warren, 
Edward L of Enpjland, 
San Jose, California. 

Lewis, Miss Caroline Virginia, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Bowling Green, Missouri. 

fLibbey, Mrs. William, 
Mary Elizabeth Green, 
Obadiah Bnien, 
Princeton, New Jersey. 

Lowrey, Mrs. Joe Johnston, 
Elizabeth Lee Watson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
New Orleans, Louisiana. 

Lowry, Mrs. Sumter de Leon, 
William Robards Miller, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Tampa, Florida. 

tLyster, Mrs. Henry F. Le Hunte, 
Winifred Lee Brent, 
Colonel Robert Carter, 
Alfred the Great, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

tMacaulay, Mrs. Richard Henry, 
Sarah Taintor Bulkelev, 
Reverend Charles Chauncey, D.D., 
Alfred the Great, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

tMcGaw, Mrs. John, 
Blanche Evelyn Baldwin, 
Mary Bruen, 
Henry L of England, 
San Francisco, California. 

t McClelland, Mrs. Thomas, 
Ella Gale, 
Matthew Allyn, 
Alfred the Great, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

McClelland, Miss Margaret Inez, 
Matthew Allyn, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

McClelland, Miss Marion^ 
Matthew Allyn, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

fMcClure, Mrs. John Manner, 
Ix)uise Kimball Wright, 
Colonel Robert Carter, 
Hugh Capet, 
Oakland, California. 

tMcRae, Mrs. Donald, 
Monima Cary Davis, 
Orlando Fairfax, 
Edward III. of England, 
Wilmington, North Carolina. 

t Mansfield, Miss Mary, 
John Drake, 
Alfred the Great, 
New Haven, Connecticut, 

t Mansfield, Mrs. Walter Damon, 
May Monelle Stansbury, 
Edward Foulke, 
San Francisco, California. 


(M j^ttfttth JIate 

Martin^ Mr. John Donelson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

Mathes, Mrs. Harvey, 
Mildred Spotswood Cash, 
Governor Alexander Spotswood, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

fMayer, Mrs. Auguste, 
Mattie Robards, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Shreveport, Louisiana. 

t May field, Mrs. James G., 
Susie Fitzmartin, 
Judge John Alston, 
Alfred the Great, 
Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 

tMeares, Miss Adelaide S., 
James Claypoole, 
Edward I. of England, 
Wilmington, North Carolina. 

Meriwether, Mrs. Minor, 
Anne McNutt, 
Sarah Ludlow, 
Henry IH. of England. 
Shreveport, Louisiana. 

iMetcalf, Mrs. Charles Horton, 
Mattie Kitchell Woodbridge, 
Mabel Harlakenden, 
Alfred the Great, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

Metcalf, Mrs. Charles, 
Mary Park, 

Colonel Moore Fauntleroy, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

tMiller, Mrs. Charles R., 
Anna M. Hale, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Adrian, Michigan. 

Mitchell, Mrs. Robert, 
Rebecca Park, 
Colonel Moore Fauntleroy, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

tMonciu-e, Mrs. William, 
Belle Chapman, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Raleigh, North Carolina. 

tMoncure, Mrs. J. A., 
Edith Fairfax, 
Honorable William Fairfax, 
Edward I. of England, 
Washington, District of Columbia. 

Mosher, Mrs. Arthur Anthony, 
Martha Brown, 
Henry Isham, 
New York City. 

iNeflf, Mrs. Peter Rudolph, 
Susan Clark, 
James Claypoole, 
Edward I. of England, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

tNewhall, Mra. Edwin W., 
Virginia Whiting, 
Mathew Allyn, 
San Rafael, California. 

tNye, Miss Ellen Rose, 
Reverend Charles Chauncey, D.D., 
Henry I. of France, 
Champlaine, New York. 

t Paine, Miss Anna M., 
Obadiah Bruen, 
Alfred the Great, 
Portland, Maine. 

tPage, Mrs. Charles Whitney, 
Caroline Collins, 
Richard Lyman, 
Henry I. of France, 
Middleton, Connecticut. 

tPark, Mrs. George Arthur, 
I^ura Leonard Wilson, 
Major.-Gen. Joseph Spencer, 
Alfred the Great, 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

t Parker, Mrs. Edward Horatio, 
Eleanor Carroll Lyster, 
Colonel William Digges, 
Alfred the Great, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

d^ ^cepireik JUsat 


t Parker, Mrs. William, 
Elinor Louise Noble, 
Maj.-Gen. Joseph Spencer, 
Alfred the Great, 
Anniston, Alabama. 

tPenhallow, Mrs. David, 
Sarah Almira Dunlap, 
John Whitney, 
Henry I. of fVance, 
Montreal, Canada. 

t Perk ins, Mrs. Calvin, 
Susie Ashton Chapman, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

t Plater, Mrs. Charles Cheatham, 
Anna Butler, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Nashville, Tennessee. 

fPoisson, Mrs. Frederick C, 
Frances Fielding Lewis Empie, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Edward I. of England, 
London, England. 

t Putnam, Mrs. Erastus Gay lord, 
Mary NicoU Woodward, 
Judge Mathias Nicoll, 
Elizabeth, New Jersey. 

t Raisin, Miss Helen Ringold, 
John Claypoole, 
Edward I. of England, 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

tRathburn, Mrs. Edward Harris, 
Anna Reed Wilkinson, 
John Drake, 
Edward L of England, 
Hartford, Connecticut. 

Rathburn, Mr. Henry Lawrence, 
John Drake, 
Edward I. of England, 
Hartford, Connecticut. 

Read, Mrs. James F., 
Lena Garvin Park, 
Colonel Moore Fauntleroy, 
Alfred the Great, 
Fort Smith, Arkansas. 

Reade, Miss Jane, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Washington, District of Columbia. 

t Rhodes, Mrs. William Bienville, 
Anna Maria Wilkins, 
James Boyd, 

Robert Bruce of Scotland, 
Natchez, Mississippi. 

tRichter, Mrs. Emil. 
Josephine Jennes, 
John HuDophrey, 
Edward III. of England, 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 

t Roberts Mrs. Percy, 
Mary Skipwith, 
Maj.-Gen. Nathaniel Green, 
Henry III. of England, 
New Orleans, Louisiana. 

Robertson, Chancellor Edward Dale, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Wynne, Arkansas. 

Robertson, Lieu t.-Gov. James Thomas 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Marianna, Arkansas. 

Robertson, Rev. Jerome Pillow, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Paris, Texas. 

Robertson, John Nathaniel, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Marianna, Arkansas. 

Robinson, Mrs. Archibald Magill, 
Mary Louise Taylor, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

Robinson, Miss Elizabeth Lee, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

Robinson, Mr. Henry Wood, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Louisville, Kentucky. 


m Sftt^fhth JUate 

RobinBon, Mr. John Hancock, 
Ck)lonel George Beade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Washington, District of Columbia, 

Robinson, Mr. Zaohary Taylor, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Owensboro, Kentucky. 

Robinson, Mr. William Bryce, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Dallas, Texas. 

Robinson, Mr. Thomas Pickett, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Orlando, Florida. 

Robinson, Mrs. William Meade, 
Anne Mason Bonnycastle, 
Richard McC. Cliichester, 
Edward ITT. of England, 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

Robinson, Charles Bonnycastle, 
Richard McC. Chichester, 
Edward ITT. of England, 
Tx>ui8yillc, Kentucky. 

tRogers, Mrs. J. Sumner, 
Jeanette L. Wheeler, 
John Whitney, 
Henry I. of England. 
Washington, District of Columbia. 

Roosevelt, Theodore, 
John Irvine, DJ)., 
Robert IH. of Scotland, 
New York. 

t Robinson, Mrs. Walter Ambrose, 
Grace Noble, 

Maj.-Gen. Joseph Spencer, 
Alfred the Great, 
Anniston, Alabama, 

t Sanborn, Miss Nancy Merrill, 
Judge Simon Lynde, 
Alfred the Great, 
Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

f Sargent, Mrs. Charles S., 
Mary Allen Robeson, 
Thomas Arnold, 
Boston, MassaohuBettB. 

f Sawyer, Mrs. Edgar P., 
Mary E. Jewell, 

Reverend Charles Chauncey, DJ)., 
Henry I. of England, 
Oshkosh, Wisconsin. 

t Sears, Mrs. Philip H., 
Sarah Pratt Lyman, 
Richard Lyman, 
Henry I. of France, 
Boston, Massachusetts. 

fSettle, Mrs. Thomas, 
Eliza A. Potter, 
James Claypoole, 
Edward I. of England, 
Asheville, North Carolina. 

tShaw, Misfl Anna Blake, 
Reverend Samuel Whiting, 
Henry T. of England, 
Boston Massachusetts. 

t Shelby, Mrs. David, 
Annie Davis, 
Colonel (5eorge Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Huntsville, Alal)ama. 

t Sheldon, Mrs. Shopard I^each, 
Anuah Russell Clark, 
T^urence Wilkinson, 
Edward L of England, 
Providence, Rhode Island. 

t Skinner, Mrs. W. C, 
Reverend Charles C%aunoey, D.D.y 
Henry I. of France, 
Hartford, Connecticut. 

Smith, Mrs. Walter Lane, 
Mary Louise Day, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

t Smith, Miss Amanda M., 
Mabel Harlakenden, 
Alfred the Great, 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. 

t Smith, Mrs. William Wirt, 
Mary Susan V. Famsworth, 
John Prescott, 
Alfred the Great, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

(if ^tepireh ^^stu 


t Smith, Miss Edna Valentine, 
John Prescott, 
Alfred the Great, 
Wilkes-Banre, Pennsylvania. 

t Smith, Jr., Mrs. Samuel Frances, 
Mary Rees Newton, 
John Drake, 
Alfred the Great, 
Newton Centre, Massachusetts. 

t Stanton, Miss Elizabeth Brandon, 
General Moses Chapline, 
Edward I. of England, 
Natchez, Mississippi. 

t Stearns, Mrs. Prentiss, 
Margaret Barnes Nye, 
Reverend Charles Chauncey, D.D., 
Henry I. of England, 
Montreal, Canada. 

tSmith, Mrs. William Theodore, 
Frances Eugenia Gill, 
Eliza Neilson Campbell Mitchell, 
Alfred the Great, 
Columbus, Ohio. 

t Story, Mrs. Benjamin S., 
Jeanie Washington Campbell, 
Lawrence Washington, 
Edward I. of England, 
New Orleans, Louisiana. 

Stovall, Mrs. William H., 
Roberta Lewis Franks, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

tTalcott, Miss Mary Kingsbury, 
Mabel Harlakenden, 
Edward I. of England, 
Hartford, Connecticut. 

t Terry, Mrs. Charles H., 
Emily Dwight Mansfield, 
John Drake, 
Alfred the Great, 
New York City. 

t Terry, Mrs. Lucius, 
Mary E. Robards, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Henry III. of England, 
New Orleans, Louisiana. 

f Thompson, Mrs. William RootM, 
Elizabeth Huie, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Huntington, West Virginia. 

t Thorpe, Mrs. William B., 
Margaret E. Meares, 
James Claypoole, 
Edward T. of England, 
Wilmington, North Carolina. 

Throckmorton, Mr. Charles Wick- 
Gabriel Throckmorton, 
Morristown, New Jersey. * 

Thumm, Miss Patty, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

tThurber, Miss Mary Carter, 
Major John Peyton, 
Alfred the Great, 
Mobile, Alabama. 

Townes, Mr. Charles L., 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

fTownsley, Mrs. Clarence Page, 
Marian How land, 
James Boyd, 

Robert Bruce of Scotland, 
Pensacola, Florida. 

t Train, Mrs. Charles Russell, 
Errol Cuthbert Brown, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Edward III. of England, 
Washington, District of Columbia. 

Tyler, Mrs. Lyon Gardiner, 
Annie Baker Tucker, 
John Baker, 
William HowanL 
Williamsburg, Virginia. 

t Underwood, Mrs. R. B., 
Katherine Edgington, 
Reverend Robert Roee, 
Robert Bruce of Scotland, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 


(if ^teplreh l^ace 

tVaughan, Mrs. David, 
Susie Kennoiiy 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Selma, Alabama. 

Wallace, Mrs. Florian Dean, 
Ella McClelland, 
Matthew Allyn, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

f Walker, Miss Annie Fitzhugh Rose, 
Reverend Robert Rose, 
Henry I. of France, 
Richmond, Virginia. 

f Washburn, Mrs. Roscoe Stetson, 
Mary Fessenden Sayles, 
Benedict Arnold, Governor of 

Rhode Island. 
Providence, Rhode Island. 

t Watson, Mrs. James Henry, 
Annah Walker Robinson, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

Watson, Hon. Archibald R., 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
New York City. 

Watson, Jr., Mr. James Henry, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
New York City. 

White, Mr. John Barber, 
John Prescott, 
Alfred the Great, 
Kansas City, Missouri. 

White, Mr. Woodson T., 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Waco, Texas. 

fWilbour, Mrs. Joshua, 
Linda Olney Hathaway, 
Frances Deighton, 
Bristol, lUiode Island. 

Wilkinson, Mr. Alfred Hall, 
John Drake, 
Edward I. of England, 
Salem, Massachusetts. 

t Wilkinson, Mrs. Henry Washington. 
Anna Reed, 
John Drake, 
Edward I. of England, 
Providence, Rhode Island. 

t Wilson, Mrs. U. Blackburn, 
Isabella Hinton, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Rock Hill, South Carolina. 

t Wilson, Mrs. Henry Washington, 
Anna Reed, 
John Drake, 
Edward I. of England, 
Providence, Rhode Island. 

Winchester, Mrs. James Ridout, 
Eliza Atkinson Lee, 
Maria Horsmander, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

tWinchester, Mrs. Wilbur Fiske, 
Fanny Ramsay Wilder, 
John Prescott, 
Alfred the Great, 
Indianapolis, Indiana. 

t Witherspoon, Mrs. Lister, 
Martinette Viley, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Versailles, Kentucky. 

t Witherspoon, Miss Ellen Douglas, 
Colonel George Reade, 
Alfred the Great, 
Versailles, Kentucky. 

Wolf, Mrs. Samuel, 
Sadie Henley, 
Judge John Alston, 
Alfred the Great, 
Dcmopolis, Alabama. 

t Wright, Mrs. Luke E., 
Katlicrine Middleton Semmes, 
Oliver St. John, 
Alfred the Great, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

t Wright, Mrs. Selden Stuart, 
Joanna Maynard Shaw, 
Colonel Robert Carter, 
Edward I. of England, 
San Francisco, California. 



Adams, 08 

Abridgton, 236 

Adela, 229, 246, 247 

Adilheid, 246 

Antha, 184 

Alberic, 247 

Alexander. 78. 185. 258. 269, 

288, 280, SOl-8 
Allen. 104, 206. 208, 209. 215, 

216, 266. 267 
Allerton, 112, 115, 117, 118, 

147. 846 
AlTord. 257 

AmphylHs, 160. 299. 300 
Anderson. 153, 284, 235. 277. 

Andrews, 266 
Armistoad. 242. 263. 348 
Arnulf, 177, 195 
Arnold, 840 
Aihton. 282, 283, 802 
Ashe, 889 
Atkinson, 344 
Audley, 08, 142, 257 
Antrej, 200 
Avant, 174 
Avery, 224, 278 
Aylett, 91. 207, 219, 220 
Ayscouirh, 76 

Bafffrett, 159. 166 

Bailey, 801 

Baillie. 291 

Baker. 97, 221 

Baldwin. 177. 194, 229, 301 

Baliol. 46. 270 

Ball. 83, 169. 261 

Ballard, 192 

Baltimore. 265 

Bartlett, 285 

Barber, 881 

Barbour, 138 

Barr, 224, 229 

Barret, 92. 205, 206 

Barry. 198 

Baird, 807 

Rassett, 388, 880 

Barnes, 283 

Bate. 184 

Bauldgtone, 840 

Beach, 307 

Beatrix, 69. 247 

Benurhamp. 142. 144, 107, 270. 

neniifort. 186. 196. 252 
Beale. 147. 264, 272 
Pedlea. 256 
Hell. 120 
Bellemont, 182 
Bolt. 272 
Bonnet, 221 

Bernard. 84. 160. 100. 2.57. 270 
Berenflrer, 60 
Berrv^ 153 

Berkeley. 208. 337. 338 
T^rrriers. 810 
Bethell. 235 

Beverly. 248 

Bi^od. 204, 230. 281, 254, 810 

Bird, 888 

Blassingarae, 178 

Blackburn. 112, 119 

Blakeney. 258 

Bland, 846 

BUss. 124 

Bohun, 204. 254. 309, 310 

Bold. 188 

Bolton, 245 

Boraer, 286 

Bond. 166, 171 

Bonnycastle, 277. 278 

Bonville, 67. 196 

Booker, 217 

Booth, 271. 827 

Bourchier, 179. 810 

Boursiquot. 99 

Boys, 123, 312 

Bo wen, 332 

Boyle, 189 

Boys, 123. 312 

Braine, 79 

Brainard, 284. 285 

Bradford, 203 

Braithwalte. 265 

Braxton. 820 

Bray, 91 

Brcnnan. 808 

Brewster, 113. 116. 117, 119, 

122, 147. 224. 2*5 
Brickell, 172, 178 
Bridjres. 272 
Brooks. 315 
Brorasall. 256 
Brown, 182. 218. 303 
Bruno, 887 
Bryant, 817 
Buck. 266 
Buckner. 207-209 
Buford. 320 
Busrjr. 286. 262 
Bulloch. 292 
Bullitt. 98 
Bur^h. 63. 241 
Bushrod. 91. 172. 213 
Butler. 83. 140. 108. 262, 298, 

299. 300. 301, 330 
Byrd. 844 

Cahell. 314 

Callowav, 175 

Calvert. 261 

Campbell, 190. 203, ZU, 303 

C.irver, 83 
C.irpy. 220 
Carhart. 266 
Carow. 296 
Carr, 286 
Carroll. 204 
Carter. 165. 212-244. 343, 846, 

Casev, 128. 174. 175 
Catlrtt. Ill, 163 
Cerdic. 77 

Champe, 242. 248 

Chapman. 268 

Ghaworth. 68, 78, 167, 179 

Cherlton. 298 

Chew, 111. 120 

Chichester, 257, 278 

Ghisman, 84, 86 

Cholmondeley, 143 

Church, 236 

Churchill. 190 

Clap. 811 

Clare. 86. 85. 142. 160. 290. 

249. 251. 252, 254. 259 
Clark. 226, 227. 265 
Ckvel. 118 
Clayton. 88, 104 
Clements, 166 
Clemson, 170 
Clermont, 247, 249 
Clotworthy, 196 
Cobb, 91, 286 
Cocke, 207 
Cockrill, 218 
Cogrgeshall, 340. 353 
Cole. 268 
Coleman, 286 
Colman, 191 
Conway, 112. 243, 257 
Conniers, 254 
Cooke. 77. 256, 850 
Corbin, 117, 846 
Cordner, 176. 181 
Cosby, 245 

Oospa trick, 184. 185, 313 
Cotton. 181, 182 
Courtnay, 336, 887 
Cowles, 298 
Cowdry. 285 

Crawford, 89, 90, 245, 258 
Crichton, 161. 818 
Crinan, 184 
Cromwell, 178 
Crowshaw, 92 
Cunedda, 280 
Custis, 261 

Dabney. 122 

Dacre. 810 

Dade. 301 

Dale, 235 

D'Arey. 252. 253 

D'Aubipme. 121 

Dandridse. 125, 219 

Davidson. 267 

Davis. 34. 84. 121-126, 265. 278, 

317. 819-321. 339 
Day, 285 
Dencourt. 178 
Depew, 306 
Deijrhton, 336, 339 
Derby, 203 
DiRhy. 190, 191 
Divera. 97 
Dixon. 85 
Dolfln, 185 
Donelson, 216, 288 
Doremus. 112 

Dorriss. 248 

Doss, 150, 161 

Douglas, 82. 101, 282, 290, 291. 

Drummond, 265. 280. 818 
Doiuurd. 227 
Dudley. 178 
Duke. 184 

Dunbar, 184, 812, 818 
Duncan. 102 
Dupuy. 238. 806 
Dymokc, 67. 78. 76. 79, 148, 

147. 172 

Early. 148. 821, 822 
Eaton. 228 
Edwards. 128 
Eltonhead. 163, 248 
Ennalls, 276 
Ennickillen. 149 
Ensley, 869 
Enniskillen, 149 
Eppes, 174 
Estes. 207 
Erskine, 282. 291 
Eva. 260. 261 
Evans. 265 

Fairfax. 148 

Fairbanks, 820 

Fant, 102 

Famsworth. 182. 180. 198. 286. 

Ferrers. 67. 148. 207. 888 
Fiennes. 810 
Fielding. 88 
Finch. 316 
Fiske, 226 
Fitzgerald, 199 
Fitzhugh. 162. 164. 220, 264. 

Fleming. 801 
Fontaine. 99. 206. 244 
Fontleroy. 91. 218-215, 172. 178 
Forbes, 290. 291 
Ford. 112 
Fortson. 215 
Foulke. 229. 282, 267 
Foute, 808 
Fowler, 226, 227, 261 
Fowke, 803 
Franks. 807, 808 
Eraser, 161 
Frv. 97. 98, 165 
Fuller. 81 

Oaines. 164, 816 

Gardner, 817. 818. 820 

Garland, 814 

Gascoigne, 66. 67, 148, 168. 254 

Gay. 262 

Geoffrey, 59, 195. 229 

Gerrard, 47. 117 

Gilchrist. 216, 217 

Gill. 104. 208 

Gillespie, 166 


ailmer. Bl, BT 
GJlKill. Zll. Ill 

Ofildibonucb, KM, IM, 117, 
27(. I7S. ITT 

OoodwiD, W 
OordOD. in. til 

oouidr. m 

Orul, 128, 1«1 
Grv, Itt 

Qreen. M, 178, t&B 
Oraer, los, ZU7, 209, tiD 
Gregory. 33, 111), !S6 
Ore/, ITi. IM. Ifla, IM. IK, 

nallidv, SOT 

llnll. 18e, tW. »». 307 

Hammond. Tt. ITfl. SS! 

I. int. itii, ne 

noiRi. in 
nobU, tsj 

HnKn'd," lf«.' liin. 
HntlidJT. S1!I-K1 

Hoof, IS7. jns 


aomid, w. lilt ISO. MX a»5-ses 

Lyin, 14T, 171. 1 
Lfmlc, IBl, in 

Uukall. Ml 

} ZST. !91, £K 

Jmck»n, lOt 

JgmicKn. iti 
Jrncnon, M. 2ia 
JrBrlH, ZSe 

>. £22. 224, 210 

JociUd, l<t3, 3I( 

Kaulhach. ! 
Kptm, 2m' 

Licif. 40. 2H 
Idfaj-ettf. tnt 
UmWrt, 78 
Luc. n7 

Lee, 4T. 92, 112, IIS. 1 

214, 2SB, 248. 2<l-t. SOS-SOT. 

I,; Vmiin. <M 
I.lllacd, SOT 

Linr. N 

Look. 23.1 

HcPbwt™, MS 

Miiutnelil. 22S, 212 
Ua^knll^fJ•], !M 

Manhill. iw 

VoniM, 111 

O'FUIoD, lU 

Osdcn. MT 

OgiUm, 2M 

Olil, in 

Olinr, 241 

Oliwy, Ifit, S40 

O-Ndl, IA4, UA-U8, US 

O'HdlL Ue. IM, 201 

Urd, US 

Otlia. UT 

Uwra, tSS, 2TT 

Packettc, 170 

fare. 84, MS, 144, M>, SH 

PanniU, m 

PaltB, 280 

Parkmn, in 

PirtlfB', SOO 

Payne, ITO. Kt 

Pnbodjr, US 

Puchr, n. M 

Prale, 2TS 

lleton, tlD. 214, 2S&, 171, 

Hona, 14G 

Hrriwrther, W-OI, W, 101. 101, 
1,72. MS, 111. Ill, US. 2S4, 

SlUrhell, l»4, SOS 

Monree. 20T 

UontKute, IM 

Hon. 30 

Moon. V7. tlB. tU, XI, 117, 

Homan, 190, 214 

Urri^,' SSI 
Hjrttard, 1 

Neflaon, IW. 101 

NrlaoB, M, 18 
NcTllle. Bl, 141, 187, ] 

IW, 217 
NfwmaB. 114, in 

in. 147, 101. 241. Itl. HI, 



PraoiBston, 100, 110 
Percy. «. K 141. 117, 
Peitiu, H4, lU. SOT, 

PettfC 2TT 

PhiUlpa, XI 

Plater. IM, ISO, 201 
PliuDDton, 104 
Pocbe. SH 
Poola, m 

Pope, lot. 181. Ml, xa 
Poat, 108 
Potter, U4 
Pottinser, »4, «» 
Poulton, 247 
Ponilnci. 00, 141, 108 
Pomti, 1BV 

PitMott, IB, IM, in. i2»no. 

Badclyfla, 1« 

Rand^h, 101, 121, 114, Ut, 

148, til 
Bar, Ut 
Baskls, 88 


Betdf, ;7-BI, M-8T. lOT. IM. 
)S8. H7, IflO, ITS, 171, WO, 

108, eis, 2ti. wi. fee, 21a, 

248, EM, £ST, SeO, Mg-2M, 

see. 300, 301, »». sis, sis 

Rhy«; ass' 
Rice, S)W 
Ridlejr, 23«-!aB 
Ridaut, Ul 

Rfltsrda, t07, 237, 138 
RobertBD. IS. !3E. 200. 173 

ThompBD, 110, 119, I«4 

on, IT. 8l 

, no, 

', IH, 

Rogers, 105, Z3t 

Rom; ise, lflia«6, SU-31 
Itom, US. SS9 
RooHvelt, 281, 2S2-2M 

Scnpe. 36. St, tST 

i^Sm,' i 

Spilmin, 133 
Spinflto, 3U 
SpotUwood, 181 

Sprctr, wt 

itewirt, 200, sen. sot. ns 

TilboU. 87. «. 78, H3. HT, 

IM, 1T1 
Tilbot, TS 

Smith, 83, 123, ITS, 193. 203, 

Throckmorton. BS, S6. W. 2SS- 

TrBbuD, soe 
Tulej, '20!, i 

Vn>ibl«, 1T6 

V«M. * 


i, M»4, a<7. 2M, 

, IfW-lll, Widr, B4 

32S, S2T, 3<e 
VelKord, 'l02. Bl 

wiiueomb, 330 

Whitbv, is. les, 281 

Wilboor S38, 3t0 

Wllckr. we 353 

WilUitton, 223 

WHUrd, 331 

WllUimi, 17G. SSS. 3(0 

Willeti, 232 

Willla. 23E, t«2 

Wlllouehbr. 113, 117, US, 1 

Windpbinli. T8-S0 

Bhtphnd, ast 
HhcnnHD, 280 
flhleldi. UO 

Brief lists of successive generations from a royal ancestor of early 
times to a lineal colonial ancestor of this country, or to a descendant 
of the present generation, may prove interesting. For this reason the 
following are appended. They are derived from Hume, Burke, Ameri- 
can authorities, and family records believed to be reliable. There are 
many others as attractive, but these are selected because of their con- 
nection with so large a number of American families. 

The descent of Edward I. of England, from Alfred the Great, is pre- 
sented in chapter sixth. Ilis descent from Charlemagne and William 
the Conqueror, with some of his children and grandchildren, from 
whom so many different lines are traced, appear below: 










Hugh Capet, 

Robert the Pious, 

Henry I. of France, 
Philip L, 
Louis VT., 
Louis VII., 
Philip n., 
Louis VIIL, 
Louis IX., 
Philip in., 
Philip IV., 
Edward I. of Eng., 

EDWARD I. of England md. 
Ist, Eleanor of Cas- 
tile; among their chil- 
dren were: 

1 EDWARD II., md. El- 

eanor of France, 

2 JOAN D'ACRES, md. 

Gilbert de Clare, 

3 MARGARET, md. John, 

Duke of Brabant, 

4 ELIZABETH, md., 1st, 

John, Earl of Hol- 
land; 2d, Humphrey 
de Bohun, Earl of 
EDWARD I. of England, 
md., 2d, Margaret of 
France; among their 
children were: 

1 THOMAS "of Brother- 

ton," Earl of Norfolk, 
md.Lady Alice Halys. 

2 EDMUND "of Wood- 

stock," Earl of Kent, 
md. Lady Margaret 
de Wake. 

EDWARD III. and wife, 
Philippa, had: 

1 EDWARD, "the Black 

Prince," md. Joan of 

2 LIONFJi, Duke of Clar- 

ence, md. Philippa de 
Burgh, had Phili])pa. 
md. Edmund Morti- 
mer, Earl of Marclic. 

3 JOHN of Gaunt, Duke 

of Ijancaster, md., 
1st, Blanche of Lan- 
caster; 2d, Constance 
of Castile; 3d, Cath- 
erine (Roet) Swyn- 

4 EDMUND, Earl of Cam- 

bridge, Duke of York, 
md.y 1st, Isabel of 

5 THOMAS "of Wood- 

stock," Duke of Glou- 
cester, md. Eleanor de 


Henry I. of England, 
Henry II., 

Henry III., 
Edward I., 
Edward II., 
Edward IH. 

EDWARD II. of Eng. md. 
Isabella of France; 
among their children 

EDWARD IIL, md. Philip- 
pa of Hainault. 

JOHN "of Gaunt" and wife, 
Blanche, had: 

1 HENRY (IV.) 

2 PHILIPPA, md. John of 


3 ELIZABETH, md., Ist, 

John de Holland; 2d, 
Sir John Cornwall. 

JOHN "of Gaunt" and wife, 
Constance, had Katli- 
erine, md. Henry of 

JOHN "of Gaunt" and wife, 
Catherine Swynford, 

1. John de Beaufort, 

2 Henry de Beaufort, 

3 Thomas de Beaufort, 

4 Joan de Beaufort, md. 

Ralph de Neville. 


1 Edward I., 

2 Edward 11., 

3 Edward III., 

4 John "of Gaunt," 

5 John de Beaufort, 

6 John de Beaufort, 

7 Margaret, md. Edmund 


8 Henry VIL, md. Eliza- 

beth of York. 





1 Charlemagne, 

1 Edward III., 



2 Pepin of Italy, 

2 John, Duke of Lancas- 


3 Bernard of Italy, 



Margaret, md. Wm., 

4 Pepin of Vermandois, 

3 Joan de Beaufort, 

Earl of Sutherland, 

5 Herbert of Vermandois, 

4 Richard, Earl of Salis- 



6 Herbert of Vermandois, 

5 Catherme de Neville, 



7 Albert of Vermandois, 



8 Herbert of Vermandois, 

6 Cecily de Bonville, 



9 Otho of Vermandois, 

7 Elizabeth de Grey, 



10 Herbert of Vermandois, 

8 Edward Fitzgerald, 



11 Adelheid of Vermandois, 

9 Thomas Fitzgerald, 


WiUlam Leslie, 

12 Elizabeth of Verman- 

10 George of Kildare, 




11 Robert Fitzgerald, 



13 Ada de Warren, 

12 Margaret Fitzgerald, 


Mark, Earl of Lothian, 

14 David, Earl of Hunting- 

13 Elizabeth Hall, 


Jean, md. Robert Boyd, 


14 Mary Neilson, 


James, 8th Lord Boyd, 

15 Isabel, md. Bruce, 

15 Eliza Neilson Campbell, 


Wm. Lord Boyd, 

16 Robert Bruce, 

16 Belinda Strother Mitch- 


Robert Boyd, 

17 Robert Bruce, 

ell, md. William A. 


James Boyd, came to 

18 Mary Bruce, 


America 1756. 

19 Sir John Fraser, 

20 Margaret Fraser, 

17 Lillie Thomas Gill and 
Frances Eugenia Gill. 


21 Elizabeth Keith, 


Edward IH., 

22 Elizabeth Gordon, 


Thomas "of Wo od- 


23 Alexander de Seton, 


24 Alexander Gordon, 



Anne Flantagenet, 

25 Margaret Gordon, md. 


Sir John Bourchier, 
Sir Humphrey Bour- 

Hugh Rose of Kilra- 

1. Edward I., 


2 Joan de Acres, 

3 Margaret de Clare, 


26 John Rose, 


Anne Bourchier, 

27 John Rose, 

4 Margaret de Audley, 


Katherine Dacre, 

28 John Rose, 

5 Hugh, Earl of Stafford, 


Mary Londenoys, 

29 Hugh Rose, 

6 ,Jtfargaret Stafford, 


Roger Harlakenden, 
Richard Harlakenden, 

30 Patrick Rose, 

7 Margaret de Neville, 


31 John Rose, 

8 Henry, Lord Scrope, 


Mabel Harlakenden of 

32 Rev. Robert Rose of Va. 

9 Margaret, md. John Ber- 
10 John Bernard 



11 John Bernard, 



12 Francis Bernard, 


Lionel, Duke of Clar* 

13 Francis Bernard, 



1 Edward I., 

14 Col. Wm. Bernard of Va. 


Philippa Plantagenet, 
ElisalHeth Mortimer, 

2 Thomas, Earl of Nor- 


3 Margaret of York, 



Henry Percy, 
Henry Percy, 

4 Elizabeth de Segrave, 


Henry Percy, 

5 Margaret de Mowbray, 


Henry Percy, 

6 Eudo de Welles, 


Margaret Percy, 

7 Lionel de Welles, 


Catherine Clifford, 

8 Margaret de Welles, md. 


Henry Cholmondeley, 

Sir Thomas Dymoke, 


Mary Cholmondeley. md. 
Rev. Henry Fairfax, 

10 Sir Robert Dymoke, 

11 Sir Edward Dymoke, 


Henry, Lord Fairfax, 

md. Anne Talbois. 


W 9 W 

Henry Fairfax, 


William Fairfax of Va. 


1 Edward I. and lat wife, 


2 Edward Second, 

3 Edward Third, 

4 Lionel, 

5 Philippa, 

6 Elizabeth Mortimer, 

7 Henry Percy, 

8 Henry Percy 

9 Margaret Percy, 

10 Elizabeth Gascoigne, 

11 Lady Anne Talbois, 

12 Frances Dymoke, 

13 Mildred Windebanke, 

14 Colonel George Reade, 

15 Mildred Reade Warner, 

16 Eliza beth Warner 


17 Colonel Robert Lewis, 

18 Nicholas Lewis, First, 

19 Nicholas Lewis, Second, 

20 Annah Lewis Taylor, 

21 Mary Louise Taylor 


22 Annah Robinson Wat- 



1 Edward I. and Ist wife, 


2 EDWARD 11., 


4 Lionel, Duke of Clar- 


5 Philippa PLxiitagenet, 

6 Roger Mortimer, 

7 La^ly Anne Mortimor, 

8 Richard Plantagenet, 


10 Elizabeth of York, 

11 Princess Margaret, 







15 Elizabeth of Bohemia, 
10 Princess Sophia , 



18 (;eorge 1L, 

19 Frederick Louis, 


21 Edward, Duke of Kent, 



24 (;E()RGE V. 


1 Edward I. and 1st wife, 


2 Joan d'Acres, 

3 Margaret de Clare, 

4 Margaret de Audley, 

5 Hugh, Earl of Stafford, 

6 Margaret Stafford, 

7 Ralph de Neville, 

8 John de Neville, 

9 Joan de Neville, 

10 Sir William Gascoigne, 

11 Elizabeth Gascoigne, 

12 Lady Ann Talbois, 

13 Frances Dymoke, 

14 Mildred Windebank, 

15 Colonel Greorge Reade, 

16 Mildred Reade Warner, 

17 Elizabeth Warner I-.e wis, 

18 Col. Robert Lewis, 

19 Nicholas Lewis, 

20 Nicholas Lewis, 

21 Annah Lewis Taylor, 

22 Mary Louise Taylor 


23 Annah R. Watson. 




1 Edward I. and 1st wife, 


EDWARD I. and 1st 


Edward I. and 2d wife, 


wife, Eleanor, 





Thomas, Earl of Nor- 





4 John of Graunt, 


John of Gaunt, 


Margaret of York, 

5 Joan Beaufort, 


John Beaufort, 


Elizabeth de Segrave, 

(J Eleanor de Neville, 


John Beaufort, 


Margery de Mowbray, 

7 Henry Percy, 


Margaret Beaufort, 


Eudo de Welles, 

8 Margaret Percy, 




Lionel, Baron de Welles, 

9 Elizabeth Gascoigne, 


Princess Margaret, 


Margaret de Welles, 

10 Tiady Anne Talbois, 




Sir Robert Dymoke, 

11 Frances Dymoke, 




Sir Edward Dymoke, 

12 Mildred Windebank, 



Frances Dymoke, 

13 Col. Geo. Reade of Va. 




Mildred Windebank, 



Col. George Reade, 


Elizabeth of Bohemia, 


Mildred Reade, md. Col. 


Princess Sophia, 

Augustine Warner, 




Mildred Warner, md. 



Laurence Washington, 


Frederick Louis, 


Augustine Washington, 



md. Mary Ball, 


Edward, Duke of Kent, 


George Washington. 







Note.— Col. George Reade descended from three of the children of Edward I. and from both 
wlTe8;alsofrom two of the children of Edward UI; hence, as appears above, belongs to differ- 
ent generations in the different lines, 

Elizabeth of York belonging to generation 10. md. Henry VIL. belonging to generation 8, 
hence George V., as shown above, belongs to different generations in the different lines. 




Robert "the Bruce," 


Henry III. of Eng. 




Prince Edmund, 


Robert Bruce 11., 


Henry Plantagenet, 


Robert Bruce III., 




Elizabctli Stewart, 


John Fitz-Alan, 


Sir James Douglas, 


John Fitz-Alan, 


Sir John Douglas, 


Joan Fitz-Alan, 


David Douglas, 


Thomas Echyngham, 


James Douglas, 


Thomas Echyngham, 


Arthur Douglas, 


Margaret Echyngham, 


John Douglas, 


Elizabeth Blount, 


John Douglas, 


Edith Wyndsore, md 


James Douglas, 

Geo. Ludlow, 


John Douglas, 


Thomas Ludlow, 


John Douglas, 


Gabriel Ludlow, 


Eupheiiiia Douglas, md. 


Sarah Ludlow, md. Col. 

Charles Irvine, 

John Carter, 


John Irvine, M. D., 


Col. Robert Carter, 


Anne Irvine, md. Capt. 


John Carter, md. Eliza- 

James Bulloch, 

beth Hill, 


James S. Bulloch, 


Charles Carter, md. Ann 


Martha Bulloch, md. 

Butler, grand-daugh- 

Theodore Roosevelt, 

ter of Gov. Spots- 


Theodore Roosevelt. 



Anne Hill Carter, md. 
Henry Lee, 


Robert Edward Lee. 


(NuMBEB Two) 

LEWIS (called Piui), d. 840= JUDITH 

d. 78S 


d. 878 


DERS, d. 919 

d. 964 

BALDWIN in., d. 961 

ARMULPH IL, d. 988 

BALDWIN IV., d. 1034 

BALDWIN v., d. 1067 




d. 901, m. Ethelbitb 
=ETHELWIDA, dau. of Alfred, m. 889; d. June 7, 929 



=SAUSANNA, dau. of Berengarius II., King of Italy 

=OTGINA, dau. of Ck>unt of the Moselle 

= A DEL A, dau. of Robert, King of France; granddaughter of 

Hugh Capet 



















STONSTALL, d. 1707 

STALL, d. 1726 

d. 1772 

= ELLYN, dau. to Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury 

=ALBREDA, dau. of Earl of Lincoln 

= ANNE, dau. of Lord Grey * 

= AGNES, dau. of Lord Mytford 

= AGNES, dau. of Sir John Metum 

= ISA BELL, dau. of Lord Dencourt 

=JANE, dau. of Adam Revesby 

=LADY IL8ABETH or ELSABETH, dau. of Earl of Huntington 

=:MAUD, dau. of Ralph Cromwell, Lord of Taterthall 

=HENSE, dau. of Sir Henry Grene 

= MARGARET, dau. to Thomas Clayell 

= ELSABETH, dau. to Thomas CHiaworth 






REV. ROLAND (X)TTON, b. in Plymouth, 1667; m. 1002; d. 
= 1721-1722 

=REV. JOHN BROWN, d. 1742 

=REV. EDWARD BROOKS, b. 1748; d. 1781 




PARKMAN =REV. JOHN CORDNER, LL.D., b. 1816; d. 1894 

CAROUNE PARKMAN CORDNER, member of the Colonial Dames of Americft 
achusetts Branch) and of the Order of the Crown 


NOTE— From Maud, wife of William the Conqueror, this pedigree is taken from the Yorkshire Visitation, published 
by the Harleian Socie^.