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To the Rev. W. A. Johnson and all those 
closely associated with the Founding of 
the School; to the Headmasters and the 
Masters who have given so much of their 
lives in its service; to all those kind 
friends who have so generously assisted 
them in their work; to all the boys who, 
by their courage, diligence, and affection- 
ate loyalty, have nourished for the future 
a worthy heritage. 






With the collaboration of 

in the writing of 
the Junior School section 




All rights reserved -no part of this book may be 
reproduced in any form without permission in 
writing from the Headmaster of Trinity College 
School, except by a reviewer who wishes to quote 
brief passages in connection with a review written 
for inclusion in a magazine or newspaper. 

Printed and bound in Canada by 



During the summer of 1963, the Governing Body of Trinity 
College School officially requested Dr. Philip Ketchum, Head- 
master Emeritus, to write a history of the School. He, in turn, 
asked the author to collaborate with him in the task. The initial 
research had almost been concluded when Dr. Ketchum's un- 
timely death brought an end to the plan. Knowing that Philip 
Ketchum had long wanted to see the work undertaken, Mr. 
Angus Scott, the Headmaster, and the Board of Governors were 
of the opinion that it should continue as planned. It would now, 
of course, be very much more difficult to achieve the degree of 
intimacy that Philip Ketchum's long association with the School 
would have made possible. As a boy, master and headmaster, it 
had been his life for close to half a century. His recollections 
formed a colourful tapestry of the rich store of events contained 
within its walls. 

Under the circumstances, the work would not have been pos- 
sible except for the continuous help and constructive criticism 
of the Advisory Committee. Its members included the Head- 
master, four Old Boys who are members of the Board of Gover- 
nors-Messrs. Charles Burns, Edward Huycke, N. O. Seagram 
and W. W. Stratton, as well as three members of the staff of the 
School -Messrs. P. H. Lewis, C. J. Tottenham and R. F. Yates. 
Thanks are due as well to Mr. B. M. Osier, Chairman of 
the Board of Governors, and to Dr. F. H. Cosgrave, former 
Provost of Trinity College, who read the completed manuscript. 
The author is also indebted to the following: Mr. F. Keith 

Dal ton, author of a monograph on the Rev. W. A. Johnson; 
Mr. W. A. Craick, author of a history of Port Hope; Dr. G. W. 
Spragge, archivist of Trinity College; Mr. Stephen Traviss, an 
Old Boy whose examination of Toronto newspaper files saved 
much time; and finally Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Burns and my wife 
for the many hours of exhausting research that went into the 
making of the book. 


Port Hope, Ontario 
May, 1965 



Chapter one The Weston Years i 

two A Permanent Home 18 

three The Bethune Period 28 

four A Period of Transition 50 

five The Rev. Oswald Rigby 57 

six The Orchard Regime 69 

seven The Ketchum Era Early Years 99 

eight The Ketchum Era The Middle Years 152 

nine The Ketchum Era The Final Years 168 

ten A New Headmaster 186 

eleven The Junior School Boulden House 197 

Appendix A The Old Boys' Association 243 

B The Ladies' Guild 256 

C i The Governing Body 262 

ii Senior School Staff 267 

iii Boulden House Staff 274 

iv Branch Presidents of the 

Old Boys' Association 275 

v Presidents of the Ladies' Guild 279 
vi Gifts to the School from the 

Ladies' Guild 280 

vii Head Boys and Chancellor's Prize Men 281 

viii Scholarship and Fellowship Winners 282 

ix Bronze Medallists 287 

x Prefects 288 

xi The Grand Challenge Trophy and 

Triple Captains 296 

xii The Jack Maynard Memorial Trophy 297 

xiii The Jim McMullen Memorial Trophy 297 

xiv The Oxford Challenge Cup 298 

xv Little Big Four Championships 299 

xvi The T.C.S. Register 301 


INDEX 354 


The School from the Air Inside Covers 

SECTION i facing page 20 

The Founder and Headmasters i, 2 

Chairmen of the Board of Governors 3, 4 

St. John's Chapel and Rectory at Weston 5 

The Rectory at Weston 5 

The Four Prefects, 1866 6 

Examination Timetable, 1870 7 

The Cricket Team, 1868 7 

School Group, 1869-70 8 

The First Building at Port Hope 9 

Captain Goodwin, Drill Instructor 9 

The Tuck, 1 885- 1919 9 

The Cricket Team, 1881 10 

The Cricket Team, 1885 10 

The Football Team, 1883 1 1 

Bummers' Roost, 1886-87 11 

A Baseball Turn-out in Costume, 1907 12 

The Choir, 1892 12 

T.C.S. Staff, 1891 13 

The Football Team, 1895 13 

After the Fire, 1895 14 

T.C.S. Rebuilt, 1895 1 4 

First page of The Record 15 

The Cricket Team, 1904 16 

SECTION II facing page 84 

T.C.S. Staff, 1913-14 i 

The Cricket Team, 1909 i 

Sir William Osier 2 

The Football Team, 1908 3 

The Football Team, 1911 3 

The Old Chapel, 1 895- 1 92 8 4 

The Debating Society, 1918 4 

The Hockey Team, 1908 5 

The Hockey Team, 1915 5 

The Junior School Established, 1915 6 

Opening of the Junior School Building, 1924 6 
Viscount Alexander Inspects the Junior School, 1 95 1 6 

The Gym Team, 1926 7 

The Cricket Team, 1918 7 

Gym Squad, 1925 8 

Old Boys' Cricket Match, 1915 8 

The Football Team, 1926 9 

The Football Team, 1930 9 

The Junior School Football Team, 1924 10 

The Junior School Cricket Team, 1928 10 

The Junior School Hockey Team, 1931 1 1 

The Junior School Hockey Team, 1 95 1 1 1 

The Fire of 1928 12 

Football Champions, 1934 13 

The Iron Bridge 14 

T.C.S. Staff, June 1933 14 

Lunch in Osier Hall 15 

The Middle Watch, 1936 16 

The Gym Team, 1933 16 

SECTION in facing page 148 

J. S. Picnic i 

Off to Sunday Chapel, 1938 i 

The Last "White" Cadet Corps, 1936 2 

Guard of Honour, May 16, 1930 2 

The Athletic Life 3 

Mr. and Mrs. Britton Osier, and Mr. Gerald Larkin 4 

Smelt Fishing 5 

Relaxation 5 

Seventy-fifth Anniversary, 1940 6 

The Oxford Cup Team, 1945 6 

Bigside Ballet, 1942 7 

Boys from English Schools, 1941 7 

Speech Day, 1944 8 

The Soccer Team, 1942 8 

The Cricket Team, 1943 9 

The Cricket Team, 1947 9 

Sons and Grandsons of Old Boys, 1948 10 

The Hockey Team, 1942 1 1 

The Hockey Team, 1945 1 1 

The Debating Team, 1948 12 

Christmas Entertainment, 1947 12 

A Group of Rhodes Scholars 13 

The Basketball Team, 1948 14 

The Basketball Team, 1912 14 

The Pirates of Penzance, 1946 15 

Club Swinging on Inspection Day 15 

School Orchestra 15 

The Squash Team, 1946 16 

The Squash Team, 1954 16 

SECTION iv facing page 212 

The Service of Dedication in the New Chapel, 1951 i 

The Football Team, 1951 2 

Laying of the Cornerstone of the New Chapel, 1950 3 

At the Dedication of the New Chapel, 1951 3 

The Hockey Team, 1952 4 
Opening of the Peter Campbell Memorial Rink, 1950 5 

Family Reunion on Inspection Day, 1956 5 

The Squash Team, 1950 6 

The Squash Team, 1952 6 

The Cricket Team, 1951 7 

Boulden House Extravaganza, 1961 8 

Boxing Tournament 8 

Kitchen and Staff in Dr. Bethune's Time 9 

Kitchen and Staff, 1955 9 
Family Gathering during the Old Boys' Week-end, 1954 10 

The Swimming Team, 1951 10 

The Swimming Team, 1957 1 1 

S /L S. J. Batt Retires, 1 959 1 1 

The Squash Team, 1955 12 
Sons, Grandsons, and Great-Grandsons 

of Old Boys, 1951 12 

Speech Day 13 

The Staff, 1956 13 
School Life 14, 15 

The Hockey Team, 1955 16 

SECTION v facing page 276 

The Football Team, 1957 l 

The Tennis Team, 1959 2 

The Track Team, 1962 2 

The Swimming Team, 1959 3 

The Cadet Band 4 

The Precision Squad 4 

The Junior School Cricket Team, 1956 5 

Messrs. R. P. Jellett, C. F. W. Burns, E. M. Sinclair 6 

R.C.A.F. Association Award, 1955 6 

Boulden House Football Team, 1953 7 

Boulden House Pyramid 8 

The Senior School Library 8 

Relaxing at the Pat Moss Camp, 1955 9 

Change of Command, 1962 9 

The Gym Team, 1964 10 

Cast of The Pirates of Penzance, 1961 1 1 

The Traditional Pancake Toss 1 2 

The Choir, 1964 12 

The Hockey Team, 1962 13 

The Cricket Team, 1964 14 

The Basketball Team, 1961 15 

The Basketball Team, 1965 15 

Centennial Gym Display 16 

Inspection Day, 1965 16 


The Weston Years 

A School Is Born 

THE STH OF NOVEMBER, 1864, was a day of happy omen 
for the Rev. W. A. Johnson, pastor of St. Philip's Church 
in the little village of Weston. The Corporation of Trinity 
College, Toronto, acting in private session, had finally approved 
his application for the official establishment of a school. At Mr. 
Johnson's insistence, the Corporation abandoned its view that 
the school be known as "a Trinity College School". It must, he 
insisted, have the unambiguous prestige of being the only Trinity 
College School. The Corporation made it clear, however, that 
Trinity College would be responsible only for the necessary 
statutes, the appointment of staff, the provision of prizes, and 
the conduct of external examinations. Mr. Johnson, as Warden 
and Bursar, was to assume full responsibility for the financial 
success of the venture. He informed the committee that he was 
prepared to devote to the project a recent gift of $900, given him 
for a worthy Church cause. In terms of present day values, this 
was a very generous contribution indeed. 1 

Trinity College School was officially opened on May i, 1865, 
with nine names on the register, the first three being those of 
Mr. Johnson's sons. By the end of the first year of operation, 
numbers had increased to 38 and almost doubled again the 
following year. 

The School was born in auspicious times. Exciting political 
events were in the making. The lawmakers of the provinces had 

iFor educational purposes, the 1865 dollar was worth about ten times its present 


gathered at Charlottetown in September 1864 to discuss union 
and agreed to reconvene at Quebec in October to hammer out 
the terms of Confederation. This was an act of desperate necessity 
for Upper and Lower Canada, deadlocked as they were by dif- 
ferences of language and religion. The birth of the Dominion 
of Canada on July i, 1867, generated a new mood of optimism 
and prosperity in Canada West, now to be known officially as the 
Province of Ontario. In whimsical mood one hundred years 
later, Governor General Vanier on Inspection Day, 1965, implied 
that Confederation must have been deferred until the establish- 
ment of Trinity College School was assured. 

Unfortunately, theological differences were continuing to 
cause a cleavage in the Anglican Church, already in financial 
difficulties as a result of the drastic curtailment of the Clergy 
Reserves by Act of the Legislative Assembly. Trinity College, in 
particular, was acutely aware of the need for a steady flow of 
students to her doors and various schemes had been considered 
to bring about this desirable end. A system of Anglican prepara- 
tory schools seemed indicated, but lacking strong financial 
reserves, the College could not seriously consider such an under- 

For a time, it looked as though the infant school might not 
survive. Strong opposition in Church circles, as well as limited 
resources, combined to undermine the project. That it survived 
the first two years was due to the combined influence of a small 
group of dedicated men. These included the Rev. Mr. Johnson, 
the Founder of the School, the Rev. C. H. Badgley, its first Head- 
master, Professor William Jones and Professor John Ambery of 
Trinity College, and Dr. James Bovell, one of Toronto's out- 
standing physicians, and a close friend of Mr. Johnson, after 
whom his third son had been named. These men were prepared 
to do battle, when required, on behalf of the fledgling school. 

The first crisis occurred almost immediately. During the year 
1865, a Church school was opened at Picton under the auspices 
of Dr. J. Travers Lewis, Lord Bishop of Ontario. From his point 
of view, competition from Weston would be disastrous. He 
applied to the Corporation of Trinity College for an amalgama- 
tion which in effect would have ended as a merger of both 


schools at Picton. The Corporation as a whole was favourably 
disposed to support his request. A Committee reported on 
November 22, 1865, that "they had met Mr. Johnson who is not 
prepared under any circumstances to consent to the closing of 
the School at Weston, or to the removal of the present Head 
Master (to Picton)". The firm stand taken by Mr. Johnson, vigor- 
ously supported by Professor Jones and Professor Ambery, won 
the day. After a few years of declining fortunes, the Picton school 
closed its doors as had an earlier school established in Toronto 
under the auspices of the College. 

The second crisis to threaten the new school was financial and 
it was resolved in January 1867 when the Headmaster and Pro- 
fessor Jones came to the rescue. Together they provided security 
for a $700 loan from the Corporation of Trinity College, a loan 
that was duly repaid. Unlike Upper Canada College, Toronto, 
and Bishop's College School, Lennoxville, which had been 
founded with the aid of public grants, Trinity College School 
was to have no financial support other than that provided by fees 
and gifts from generous friends. And once established, such a 
school could survive only through the dedication of men of 
strong character and resolute determination. From the begin- 
ning, she was blessed with two such men: the founder, 'Father' 
Johnson, as he was affectionately called, and the Headmaster, 
the Rev. C. H. Badgley. Without their combined influence, it 
is probable that the School would have failed as had the Toronto 
and Picton schools. While T.C.S. owed an incalculable debt to 
the peculiar talents of these two men, differences in temperament 
led finally to frictions that were only resolved with the removal 
of the School to Port Hope in 1868. In those three years, how- 
ever, Trinity College School developed a firm and durable 

The Founder 

The Rev. William Arthur Johnson was born on March 10, 1816, 
in Bombay where his father, Lieut. Col. John Johnson, C.B., a 
military engineer, was Quartermaster-General to the Bombay 
forces. The latter had had a distinguished military career in 


India and for a time served as aide-de-camp to Arthur Wellesley, 
first Duke of Wellington, who was godfather to Col. Johnson's 
second son, William Arthur. In 1819, on his retirement, the 
Colonel returned to England with his family and lived at Down 
House near Bromley in Kent. Memories of this gracious home 
provided the basic design of the Parsonage built by the Rev. 
W. A. Johnson when he settled in Weston. William Arthur 
attended Twickenham College and Addiscombe Military College 
as a prelude to a military career. His father planned a commission 
for him in a cavalry regiment where he would come under the 
powerful influence of the 'Iron' Duke. But William Johnson 
felt he was unsuited to such a life, and in 1835 accompanied his 
father to Canada where they received a warm welcome from 
Captain and Mrs. Frederick Hyde, family friends who had settled 
near Port Maitland the year before. The following year he 
married Laura Jukes, the daughter of a life-long friend of Col. 

Mr. and Mrs. Johnson first lived in a log house that he had 
built near the shore of Lake Ontario in the Township of Dunn 
but later moved into a stone house in the Township of South 
Cayuga. During the Upper Canada rebellion of 1837, he played 
a part in the capture of Samuel Lount, one of the chief rebel 
leaders, acting as one of the guards who accompanied the prisoner 
to Dunnville where he was turned over to the authorities. For 
a time, William Johnson engaged in farming and interested him- 
self in the organization and welfare of St. John's Church, where 
he became the first Churchwarden. Inheriting his parents' artistic 
talents, he sketched and painted subjects of interest wherever 
he went, and took particular delight in studying nature. In time, 
his intensive examination of plants and insects led to micro- 
scopic studies of his specimens. When his cabinets were eventu- 
ally given to the Academy of Medicine in Toronto, they con- 
tained 1586 slides. His second microscope, purchased some years 
later through the good offices of his former pupil, William Osier, 
is included with the collection. 

During this early period, he had come under the influence of 
the Rev. Adam Townley, a noted preacher devoted to High 
Church rituals, and in 1846, at the age of 30, William Johnson 


determined to make the Church his vocation. He went first to 
Cobourg where he read theology under Archdeacon A. N. 
Bethune at the Anglican Theological Institute established by 
the eminent Bishop Strachan. At the same time, he assisted the 
Archdeacon, who was also rector of St. Peter's Church in 
Cobourg, and took services both there and at St. George's Church, 
Gore's Landing. In 1852 he was ordained Priest by Bishop 
Strachan and remained associated with St. Peter's for another 
three years, winning the high respect of both the rector and the 
congregation. His artistic temperament made him deeply respon- 
sive to the mystical symbols of worship and his adherence to 
High Church rituals admitted of no compromise. It was inevit- 
able, therefore, that some parishioners would take exception to 
his views and for the next few years he became at times a theo- 
logical storm centre from which the Bishop extricated him with 
difficulty. From Cobourg, in 1855, he went to St. Paul's Church 
in Toronto as assistant minister but several months later 
accepted the incumbency of St. Philip's Church, Weston. There 
he served for the remaining twenty-four years of his life. 

In 1862 he became thoroughly dissatisfied with the low stan- 
dards of public education and decided to undertake the educa- 
tion of his three sons himself by opening a small school in the 
village. In 1864 enrolment was increased by the arrival of two 
boarders who were lodged at the Parsonage. The following year, 
with the founding of Trinity College School, quarters for the 
boys at the Parsonage were enlarged. Soon the growth of the 
school overflowed these limited quarters and a brick building 
in the village was rented, to become known as The Schoolhouse. 
Later, classes were held in a third building nearby. With the 
removal of the school to Port Hope, the Weston school was 
revived for a year or two under a new Headmaster. It was called 
the Weston Church School but closed its doors in 1870. 

'Father' Johnson showed himself to be a man of deep com- 
passion for anyone in need, and his principles, which were 
inflexible, drew the admiration and respect of all who knew him 
well. In 1877, in the absence of a doctor during an epidemic of 
smallpox, he himself vaccinated some two hundred employees 
of the local woollen mill. His health was impaired after this and 


in 1880 he died as a result of an infection of black smallpox 
contracted, the coroner's statement reads, "in handling a dead 
body which all but himself and his clerk refused to touch". This 
was the man who made William Osier his lifelong friend and 
whose influence on Osier led to his inclusion in the dedication 
of Osier's great work, The Principles and Practice of Medicine. 

Their friendship, which was to be of happy omen for the 
future of the School, began when 'Father' Johnson took the boys 
on field excursions on a half-holiday or a Saturday. Sharing his 
enthusiasm for natural science was a kindred spirit and friend 
of long standing, Dr. James Bovell, who came out from Toronto 
and joined him after he had fulfilled his duties as school physi- 
cian. He also exerted a strong influence on the boys and became 
affectionately known as 'Old Bovell'. Together the Warden and 
Dr. Bovell became absorbed in collecting, staining and mounting 
specimens for microscopic study. In this pursuit, Dr. Bovell 
must first have encountered the dark-eyed enthusiastic Willie 
Osier. "I have such splendid times with Mr. Johnson out after 
specimens of all sorts," Willie wrote to his cousin, Jennette Osier 
in the spring of 1867, and the hobby begun in this way continued 
into holiday periods when the two friends could devote all their 
energies to the task of collecting specimens. Osier later acknowl- 
edged Dr. Bovell's great influence an influence which led him 
to make a career of medicine, although he went on to Trinity 
College firmly resolved to enter the Church. In the autumn of 
1866 he was laid up for several weeks by a football injury and 
spent much of his time in the Warden's study where he first 
learned to use the microscope. It was the Warden's custom to 
read to the boys in the parsonage and, for this purpose, Osier 
recalled in later years, he often selected extracts from such works 
as Sir Thomas Browne's Religio Medici to illustrate the beauty 
of the English language. The 1862 edition of the Religio was the 
second book the young Osier purchased, probably in 1868. He 
referred to it more than once in his public addresses and it was 
the same volume which lay on his coffin fifty-two years later. 

It was clear that the Warden's concept of education did not 
lie in the greatest number of facts that could be drilled into his 
boys, but in ideas and pursuits that would stimulate and excite 


the unfolding mind. But a school could not be organized on such 
principles nor were all young men cast in the same mould as the 
youth who became Sir William Osier. Young boys need the 
security of a recognized discipline. Here the School had been 
fortunate in its choice of Headmaster. 

The Headmaster and Staff 

Born on November 2, 1839, the Rev. Charles Howard Badgley 
was the son of Dr. Francis Badgley, a Toronto physician. He 
attended Upper Canada College where he enjoyed a close friend- 
ship with William Jones, later Professor of Mathematics at 
Trinity College, and Charles Bethune, who became the Rev. 
C. J. S. Bethune, second Headmaster of the School. All three 
attended Trinity College together. After graduating from 
Trinity, where he was Allan Scholar, Mr. Badgley spent a year 
of study at Queen's College, Oxford, receiving his Bachelor of 
Arts degree in 1863. That autumn, he became assistant master 
at St. John's School, Hurstpierpoint, Sussex, England. The fol- 
lowing summer he spent learning how a good church school 
should be conducted on the long established traditions of the 
great English Public Schools. The knowledge thus acquired 
formed the basis of the system established at Weston where he 
had been recommended to the Headmastership by Professor 
Jones. As a motto, he adopted that of the school at Hurstpier- 
point Beati mundo corde. An interesting description of the 
Headmaster was contained in a reminiscence of Mr. E. D. 
Armour, K.C. who entered the School in 1867. 

"The Headmaster was good nature itself, notwithstanding that 
he sometimes wore a fierce look. He was very dark, and his clean- 
shaven face showed distinctly the area which he was obliged to 
traverse every morning. He had piercing black eyes and straight 
and somewhat lowering eyebrows, which gave a stern appearance 
to the upper part of his face. But around the mouth there was a 
lurking expression of humour which at times completely offset 
the sternness of his face. Boys generally can discover the weak 
spot in a man's character, and they are just as astute in discover- 
ing how to take advantage of it. Many a half-holiday was secured 


by watching the lower part of the Head's face, and striking for 
liberty when it was apparent that the feelings indexed by the 
lower part were stronger than those indexed by the upper part. 
The concession, however, was always accompanied by a sternly 
pronounced condition that the half-holiday should be devoted 
to football or cricket, according to the season." 

To confine their activities to the immediate area, the Head- 
master had to institute a roll call every two hours on holidays. 
But even this precaution was not enough to regulate the activities 
of high spirited boys. Visits to the old mill on the flats of the 
Humber were frequent, and on one occasion, at least, disastrous, 
for young Forbes Whitney climbed up to the fifth floor and 
caught a rope that dangled temptingly from the floor above. With 
very little knowledge of the laws of gravity, he slid down gather- 
ing speed as he went. His agonized screams raised the neighbour- 
hood for he had burned all the skin off his hands and the inside 
of his knees. 'Father' Johnson, in his medical role of healer, 
applied the appropriate remedies, but the injuries incapacitated 
Whitney for several weeks. The railway, too, lay temptingly near 
and beyond the tracks were large wooded areas. All these irre- 
sistible distractions made it increasingly apparent that the School 
must soon find a more suitable setting for a permanent location. 

"Although the Head could wield a cane with skill and effect," 
one Old Boy remarked, "he relied more upon the honour of the 
boys than their fear of punishment, and on his moral influence 
rather than his compulsory powers. His influence was very 
great." Another Old Boy, writing in The Record of 1905, also 
dwells upon the Headmaster's attributes. "He was an excellent 
classical scholar and teacher. The tone of the school was largely 
due to his ideas of discipline and schoolboy honour, which at 
that time were extremely new to me. Like many other schoolboys 
I used to regard all masters as the natural enemies of boys their 
official torturers. The idea of a master being companionable to a 
boy, being of assistance to him, being anxious for, or even desir- 
ous of, his welfare, or believing that there was anything good in 
a boy, had never entered into my notion of the realm of possi- 
bility. The effect of this policy on the boys was marvellous. Bad 
language and untruthfulness were almost unknown." 


During the years of Mr. Badgley's tenure of office, among his 
pupils were boys who achieved great eminence in later years: 
Dr. John A. Worrell, K.C., Chancellor of Trinity University and 
of the Diocese of Toronto; his brother, Clarendon, Lord Bishop 
of Nova Scotia and Primate of the Church of England in Canada; 
Sir William Osier, Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford; 
Frank Darling, an architect of international distinction; and Dr. 
Arthur Jukes Johnson, an authority on medical jurisprudence. 
There were others, too, who became well known as clergymen 
or in their profession as doctors, soldiers, lawyers and adminis- 
trators. Their names appear among the first 62 boys listed on 
the School register. The resignation of Mr. Badgley in 1870, two 
years after the move to Port Hope, caused much anxiety to 
Professors Jones and Ambery who at that time took a deeper 
interest in the School than most members of the Governing Body. 

While the tone of the school owed much to the Warden and 
the Headmaster, other members of the staff inevitably made a 
strong impression on the boys in such a limited setting men 
who come alive again as they are revealed in the reminiscences 
of their former pupils. Mr. Litchfield, who acted as Mr. Badgley's 
assistant, was an Englishman and a bachelor. He was a tall, hand- 
some man, quiet and exclusive. He was not long with the School 
as he was called back to England on private business. Mr. Sefton 
came out from Toronto to teach music on the week-ends, staying 
at the Parsonage. He was "a very jolly Englishman who knew all 
about church music", trained the choir and took private pupils 
for music. His place was later taken by Mr. J. Davenport Kerrison. 
Mr. Carter was a great friend of the boys and a fine cricketer 
"who taught them many wonderful things". He was succeeded 
by the Rev. Fred Bethune, "one of the most lovable of men" 
and a keen sportsman who was in charge of games. 

From the many first-hand accounts that refer to him, the man 
"adored by all the boys" was Sergeant-Major Goodwin whose 
boast was that he attained his eighteenth birthday on the very 
day he fought at Waterloo. When he missed the train to Weston, 
Canon Jarvis recalled, he used to walk the eight miles from 
Toronto to keep his appointment despite his advanced years. A 


gentle and persuasive teacher, he drilled the boys on Saturday 
afternoons, and two or three of the older boys were provided 
with cavalry swords and belts which were worn with a great deal 
of ceremony going to and from the drill ground. It was the 
School's first cadet corps. The emphasis on drill was no doubt 
underlined by the uncertainty of the times and the excitement 
of the Fenian Raid. It was reported that during the summer of 
1866, William Osier drilled a company of youngsters for military 
service at his home in Dundas. Here he was about 70 miles from 
Fort Erie which in June had been captured by John O'Neill's 
band during his abortive invasion from across the border. Osier 
may have volunteered for this service under the influence of 
'Captain' Goodwin's tutelage. An expert swordsman himself, 
their drill instructor also taught them the manly art of self- 
defence. It was not long before the boys paid tribute to his 
enormous prestige by bestowing on him the title of Colonel, 
though he was in the interval referred to sometimes as Captain 
and sometimes as Major. 'Colonel' Goodwin's son, Henry, an 
expert swordsman and gymnast, was a magnificent specimen of 
manhood, tall, full-chested, and erect. He was an ideal disciplin- 
arian and much admired for his physical prowess. Less closely 
associated with the daily life of the School were the Rev. O. P. 
Ford and Professor Pernet who came out from Toronto to teach 
Mathematics and French respectively. 

Life at Weston 

The Warden took charge of the teaching on all religious matters 
and the tone of the School was a little different from that of other 
schools because of the practical application of Christian prin- 
ciples in their daily life. Every boy, Dr. Arthur Jukes Johnson 
recalled, was taught the two great commandments, his duty to 
God and his duty to his neighbour, but every boy was taught 
that Duty exceeded every other demand that a man should 
recognize. The rules of the School which applied to religious 
exercises were most definite. Every boy rose at seven, many 
Ibefore that hour. At half-past seven they fell in and marche4 


through the Parsonage grounds to St. John's Chapel, 1 which was 
on a separate lot to the north of the School. It had been built 
by 'Father' Johnson's son-in-law and most of the carving in the 
interior had been done by the Warden himself. Here Matins 
were said at 7.30 and no boy was ever out of place because if he 
was not well enough to be there he was not well enough to have 
breakfast afterwards. On Sunday, the whole School as well as 
many of the congregation of St. Philip's Church attended early 
Communion. At 10.30 the boys marched to St. Philip's, nearly 
a mile away on the other side of the Humber. Evensong was 
said in the Chapel and was attended by all the School. On week- 
days, after the first year, the boys who lived in the Parsonage 
usually took a short cut along the Grand Trunk railway tracks 
as they joined the boys from the Schoolhouse for classes in the 
adjacent building. 

The course of instruction, the first Calendar states, "includes 
all the usual branches of a sound education in Classics, Mathe- 
matics, English, French, Drawing, Vocal Music, Fencing and 
Drill". Examinations were held for all five Forms at the end of 
each term, the Midsummer Examinations being conducted by 
the Professors of Trinity College. Topping the list of academic 
awards was one for Divinity, a term replaced many years later 
by the more mundane Religious Knowledge. Prizes were also 
offered for History and Geography, though the curriculum at 
first specified only Natural History. 

The boys' daily wear was modelled on Eton attire and the 
prefects were expected to appear in public wearing top hats. 
Not unnaturally their appearance caused remarks among the 
village boys and the resulting feuds at times broke out into open 
warfare. Altogether ten prefects were appointed during the 
Weston period: A. J. Johnson, W. Osier, L. K. Jones, R. J. 
Wilson, F. J. Helliwell, A. Jarvis, J. A. Worrell, H. Taylor, 
E. D. Armour, and E. Poole. Fighting among the boys themselves 
was permissible only under certain conditions. The combatants 

IThis roughcast chapel was used by the congregation of St. Philip's for a few years 
after their Church burned down in 1888. As the village was expanding south- 
wards, it was decided to move the Chapel on skids in the late winter of 1894 to 
a more central location. Faced with brick, it now stands on Main Street as the 
parish church of Weston, still with its original seats, chancel and nave. 


had to ask leave of a prefect. On one occasion when the boys 
from the Parsonage and the Schoolhouse became involved in a 
feud, the prefects devised an ingenious scheme by separating 
the combatants with a long scantling. The air was full of blows, 
casualties were negligible and honour was satisfied. Discipline, 
outside of school hours, was entirely in the hands of the prefects, 
even for study hours. And the prefects, Canon Jarvis recalled, 
were not encouraged to report to the Head, unless some extra- 
ordinary situation arose. If a prefect found cause to give more 
serious punishment than he was permitted to inflict, he would 
tell the culprit, after consultation with his fellow-prefects: "My 
son, you deserve a caning, but I can't do that for you. So I must 
report you to the Head unless. . . . Well, you go to him and say 
I sent you, and tell him you want six cuts, and we shall hear no 
more about it." The appearance of the culprit with such a modest 
request was evidence of confession and repentance, and the Head 
would grant it with no questions asked. General satisfaction all 

But before the first year was out, an event occurred that began 
as a harmless schoolboy prank and ended in a Toronto courtroom. 

In his capacity as bursar, the Warden had engaged an elderly 
widow, Mrs. Denham, to be housekeeper when the school over- 
flowed from the Parsonage into the Schoolhouse. From the begin- 
ning, she proved unpopular and during the summer of 1865 the 
Warden sent her two notes asking her to vacate her rooms, but 
in kindness suggested she should do so "at her own convenience". 
Six months later, although she paid no rent, she was still firmly 
ensconced in her living room that lay directly above the boys' 
study. Taking offence at a late March snowball fight that ended 
in the hall, the ex-matron threw slops over several boys on the 
stairway. The next day, at Osier's instigation as he often recalled 
in later years, the boys barricaded her in her sitting room by 
tying up the door. Then they made a paste of mustard and pepper 
which they brewed on the stove in the study. The fumes rose 
through a stovepipe hole in the ceiling. As fast as the resourceful 
widow stuffed it with clothes, the boys poked them away. They 
continued to do so even after she sat down on the aperture 
herself, screaming for help. 


She was finally rescued by the Headmaster and the usual pun- 
ishments were meted out. But the litigious widow, who had 
already made legal claim against the school for a debt, had no 
intention of letting the matter rest there. When she was unable 
to get a warrant issued in Weston, she went to Toronto and 
secured a warrant for trespass and assault against twelve of the 
boys, the youngest of whom was 1 1. Their numbers included the 
Warden's youngest son, James Bovell Johnson, "a tiny boy". The 
hearing lasted two days and was heard by four magistrates. Mrs. 
Denham stated under oath that her injured arm resulted from 
large blocks of wood being thrown into the room from below. 
William Osier testified that the stovepipe hole alluded to by the 
witness was not sufficiently large to permit sticks of wood being 
thrown through it. The verdict: a reprimand and a one dollar 
fine with costs. The boys enjoyed "a glorious tea at the English 
Chop House" when it was all over and returned triumphantly 
to school by cab. A new matron, Mrs. Carroll, a sister of the 
Headmaster, replaced the volatile Mrs. Denham. "It was an un- 
fortunate affair," wrote Osier's mother, "that of all you boys 
being brought into public notice in such a disreputable manner, 
and although I do not think it was meant to be more than a mere 
schoolboy prank, such things often tell against a person long 
after, and I hear many say they think it will injure the reputation 
of the School." With this mild reprimand, his loving mother 
ended the letter, enclosing two dollars and a postage stamp. 

The outdoor sports of the boys also suffered from certain dis- 
advantages. The playground was a large field in front of the 
Schoolhouse without a blade of grass on it. In one corner was a 
huge frame, open to the sky and the elements, equipped with a 
horizontal bar so large that little fingers could hardly grasp it; 
a pair of parallel bars the bars made of pine planks two inches 
by six; a trapeze, a pair of rings; a rope for climbing; and a 
ladder. This was dignified by the name of The Gymnasium. The 
earthen floor was baked as hard as clay can be baked, with here 
and there an outcropping of stone. As a result, no boy ever 
allowed himself to fall it was too serious a matter. As one new 
boy approached the School for the first time, he mistook the cross- 


bar and the rope for a gibbet and his thoughts were filled with 
dire foreboding. 

On a cricket day the boys used to pour water on the ground in 
order to soften it enough for driving in the stumps; and when 
the stumps were knocked down, it required a good deal of 
ingenuity to put them up again. But the boys enjoyed the game 
thoroughly despite their handicaps. "We are having such a 
splendid run of cricket matches this term," Willie Osier wrote 
his cousin in the spring of 1867. "We played Toronto yesterday 
and gave them such a thrashing. . . . We play Trinity on Thurs- 
day, but I am afraid we will be sadly beaten as they have the best 
club in Toronto." His fears were unjustified, however, because 
on May 30, the School won by four wickets and a total of 84 runs 
for the two innings, with the aid of Mr. Carter who was both an 
excellent bowler and a first rate bat. On June 24 they met Upper 
Canada College in the first game to be played between the two 
schools. In his reminiscences of the Weston days as a prefect, the 
Rev. Canon Arthur Jarvis recalled the incident vividly. "We 
hired a dray," he wrote, "and drove to Toronto, starting at some 
unseemly hour in the dawn, and got to the U.C.C. grounds fagged 
out with the jolting of the Davenport Road, at that time an awful 
highway. U.C.C. was then on Adelaide St., west of Simcoe, east 
of John St. We went to bat and in about half an hour were all out 
for less than a score of runs." The match was a 'Waterloo' for the 
School as they lost by an innings and 176 runs. The game with 
Upper Canada College was not revived, except for a junior match 
in 1868, until 1872, when the School was again defeated. The 
following year, however, T.C.S. was able to turn the tables on 
U.C.C. and the match has been an annual fixture since then. 

In football, a yearly match was held with Trinity College but 
as the University men were much heavier the game was rather 
one-sided. The field itself added to the hazards of the game as a 
number of stumps were scattered over its length. Since "tripping 
was the great trick then", the hazards were increased and on one 
occasion a senior boy pitched headlong into a hole from which 
a pine stump had been partially removed but miraculously 
escaped injury. 

Athletic sports meets were held both in the autumn and in the 


spring with much pomp and ceremony and were well attended 
by parents and friends, as they continued to be long after the 
move to Port Hope. William Osier's name, along with F. J. Helli- 
well's, dominated the list of winners on at least two occasions. In 
fact, Osier's school friends were so proud of his athletic achieve- 
ments that they were inclined to exaggerate his feats. Ned Mil- 
burn, an earlier contemporary at a Barrie school, may have done 
so when he reported he had seen Osier throw a cricket ball 115 
yards. He probably did, however, for in the spring meet of 1867 
he won with a throw of 107 yards and even now the record is only 
5" more than Osier's reputed throw. On a later occasion, the top 
mathematicians in the School, inspired by Professor Jones, at- 
tempted to work out the distance an Osier throw would have 
gone had it not hit the top rail of the fence. Professor Jones must 
have read with some dismay one calculation that made it a thou- 
sand yards! Other events on Sports Day included a mile Steeple 
Chase, with a handicap of thirty yards a year. Hop races and 
hurdles vied with the Jump with Pole and Throwing the 
Hammer, and the Flat Races included a 100 yard and 200 yard 
dash as well as a 400 yard race. 

In the spring of 1867, Peter Perry, then a boy just turned 13, 
decided to keep a diary which included forty-eight entries before 
the end of the year. In it he records the frequent cricket matches 
between the Parsonage and the Schoolhouse, and a record sermon 
that lasted 80 minutes. This he noted without comment. One very 
brief notation states: "I had an accident with gunpowder". Else- 
where we learn that John Greey and he had conducted a clan- 
destine experiment with fireworks "bought for the Queen's birth- 
day". As a result, Perry was on the sick list from May 24 to the 
following January. Greey returned to classes on June ist. On the 
5th, Perry went to Toronto with his mother and bought a fishing 
rod and tackle to distract him during his convalescence. On the 
7th "Willie Johnson and I caught twenty-six fish". Three days 
later he was again "at school" but had two boils which prevented 
him taking part in the spring sports meet when "Osier got five 
prizes". The last entry for the Weston period ends sadly the next 
day: "The baker had ice cream. I did not have any." In 1880 
Peter Perry returned to T.C.S. as a master, one of the first Old 


Boys to do so, and later became the respected and much beloved 
principal of Fergus High School. 

There were mid-summer prize lists in 1865, and Wilmot 
Nichols became Burnside Scholar at Trinity College. However, 
no Speech Day ceremonies were held until the following year 
when William Osier, the Head Prefect, received the honour of 
becoming First Head Boy and Chancellor's Prize Man. Speaking 
on Speech Day, 1898, Dr. Osier recalled that no distinction which 
had ever come to him had filled him with so much pride. Other 
general proficiency awards went to Darling, Greey, McCuaig and 

In the morning of that first Speech Day, July 23, the students 
attended a service of Holy Communion at St. Philip's. The 
sermon was preached by the Rev. Walter Darling. The after- 
noon ceremonies began at 1.30 in the Town Hall when the Rev. 
Featherstone Lake Osier, father of Sir William, delivered a short 
address in which he congratulated the School on the sound prin- 
ciples on which it had been established. The pupils then came 
forward to the platform and sang The Boys of Merry England 
accompanied on one of Fox's 1 ironclads loaned for the occasion. 
The program continued with short scenes from Henry VIII, Le 
Bourgeois Gentilhomme, poetry readings from Homer and Lord 
Macaulay, more songs, and finally a scene from Sheridan's The 
Rivals. At the conclusion of this lengthy program, the Head- 
master came to the important part of the proceedings the report 
of the examiners and the awarding of prizes "elegantly bound 
handsome volumes". His Lordship, the aging Bishop Strachan, 
advised the boys to emulate English manners, having in mind, no 
doubt, the widely publicized episode that had occurred earlier 
that year. The advantage of English schools, he said, was that "the 
pupils were trained to act as gentlemen nothing savouring of 
rudeness or impropriety was allowed". The Rev. Mr. Darling 
then rose to compliment the teachers on the success which he felt 
convinced was attending their efforts. His own son, Frank, had 
made much more progress than he had ever done before. When 
God Save the Queen was finally sung, the assembly adjourned to 

i A well known maker of pianos in Kingston at this time. 


the field where the boys went through their gymnastic drill and 
fencing, under the command of Major Goodwin. 

The following year the annual ceremonies began with Morn- 
ing Prayer and Holy Communion in the newly built Chapel and 
in the afternoon prize giving got under way, once again in the 
Town Hall, shortly after the arrival of the 1.30 train from To- 
ronto. Apparently some objections were raised as to the length of 
the programme because at the last moment it was reduced to a 
few songs. Nevertheless, the boys heard four speeches during the 
afternoon in addition to the morning sermon delivered by 
Provost Whitaker of Trinity. Though the newly-formed Cana- 
dian nation had existed for a little more than three weeks, no 
reference to it was recorded in the press reports of the day. The 
School would benefit from the union, however, as a new wave 
of prosperity was generated during the next few years. The 
School fee in 1868 was set at $200 a year, presumably a rough 
equivalent of the 50 fee advertised in the prospectus of 1865. 
Two brothers received a reduction of $20 each; day pupils paid 

The last Speech Day prior to the move to Port Hope was held 
at Trinity College in Toronto on July 16, 1868. It was high- 
lighted by the announcement of Professor Jones, amid tre- 
mendous applause, that holidays would last eight weeks instead 
of seven. The programme had been reduced entirely to songs 
"finely executed" but marred by "a wretched melodeon that 
rather spoiled than added to the concourse of sweet sounds". 


A Permanent Home 

The Move to Port Hope 

IN THE LAST YEAR at Weston, it had become increasingly 
apparent that if Trinity College School was to maintain its 
prestige, a change of milieu was essential. A committee 
formed to investigate the possibilities gave serious consideration 
to sites at Guelph, Thorold, Niagara and Whitby. Then on July 
4, 1868, Col. Arthur Williams and Dr. J. F. Dewar, on behalf of 
their local committee, offered to pay three years' rent and taxes 
on premises suitable for a boarding school if T.C.S. were removed 
to Port Hope. The offer was accepted. School was to reopen on 
September 12. 

The site of the new school was the Ward homestead where the 
Lodge now stands. It was a large, spacious, wooden structure two 
storeys in height with a magnificent view of Lake Ontario and the 
surrounding countryside. The main floor provided quarters for 
the Headmaster's office and study, the matron's rooms and the 
kitchen. Above them were several bedrooms. Additions to the 
house at the rear provided a large dining-room, doubling as a 
study in the evening, a dormitory holding a dozen beds and a 
variety of smaller rooms. Altogether it provided accommodation 
for some thirty boys and four masters as well as the matron and 
servants. A cottage across the road, later used as a hospital, pro- 
vided additional sleeping quarters. Temporary classrooms were 
provided in a three-storey brick building at the foot of Ward 
Street just north of the present Registry Office. The ground floor 
was neatly fitted up as a Chapel, although for Sunday morning 
services the boys marched over to St. John's Church on the oppo- 



site side of town. The Sunday afternoon service was choral, with 
a surpliced choir of boys, and was attended by a few of the St. 
John's congregation. Dr. O'Meara, the rector, disapproved of the 
mild ritual of the Chapel and referred the matter to the Bishop. 
Thereafter, the Headmaster confined attendance to the boys of 
the School. 

One problem had been solved by the move to Port Hope. The 
boys were now housed under a single roof and the wounds caused 
by divided loyalties at Weston were healed. But the three-quarter 
mile walk to school twice a day in all kinds of weather took its 
toll of both masters and boys. Furthermore, the Headmaster 
must have realized it was a mistake to announce in the prospectus 
that "all boys are compelled to wear the School cap". When two 
boys refused to do so on the grounds "they ruined their com- 
plexion", one went home and the other was finally expelled for 
insubordination. By 1870 enrolment had dropped to about 20 
boys. The School failed to pay its way. 

Pete r Perry's Diary 

After his arrival at school in Port Hope, Peter Perry continued 
the diary begun at Weston. It covered the period from April 27 
to July 11, 1870, and when it opens Peter was just fifteen, his 
brother George, twelve. The following excerpts reveal the actual 
life lived by the boys, uncoloured by the romantic reconstruction 
of the past so often found in reminiscences. 

Thurday, 28th (April). Very nasty day in the morning but got 
very nice towards afternoon. Mr. Badgley gave orders that we 
should all walk down together after this, because boys went down 
before the bell rang. Received Whitby Chronicle. Dinner: meat 
pie and rice pudding. Went town with George and got a School 
cap. George did not get his. Did not say Greek. 

(Every day from now on Peter records the dinner, likewise on 
Sundays the length of the sermon. In the margins are his daily 

Saturday, 30th. Fine. Went to drill at 9 o'clock but when we 
got there instead of drill we played Tag, Pull-away, Leap-frog. I 
do not know why Mr. Bethune did not drill us. Got out of School 


at 12 o'clock. Some boys went in and sung all the time after tea 
till study and made the greatest row out. Half holiday. Dinner: 
beefsteak and queens pudding. 

(This Mr. Bethune was the Rev. Frederick A. Bethune, 
younger brother of the future Headmaster.) 

Sunday, May 1st. Very hot. Went to church. Sermon 23-1/3. 
Dinner: roast beef, plum pudding. Did not take any plum 
pudding. Learnt how to mesmerise in one way. Mr. Bethune was 
not down to breakfast, so I helped the beefsteak and kept the 
marrow bone for myself, and toast and cocoa. 

Tuesday, 3rd. Very warm. We asked for a half holiday but did 
not get it. Got up at 5 o'clock so that I could study my lessons. 
Got another bell down at the school to ring when the hour is up. 
We said that we had not any French to Mr. Badgley and so he 
took us in Latin Verse instead. 

Thursday, 5th. Warm. We had no French to-day as Mr. 
Badgley did not come down. Received letter from home and also 
a parcel containing a pair of boots for George, two large cakes, 
bottle of Arnica, a prayer book and hymn book, and some postage. 
A shinplaster in Papa's letter for stamps but as I got some from 
Ma I kept the 25 cts. Perram major came back. Got up at 4.45 
a.m. A new boy named Wallace from Peterborough came to-day. 
He had a brother who went to Weston. Received Whitby 

(Peter was a keen cricketer and a good deal of the diary is taken 
up with accounts of matches. There were none with other schools, 
but they played teams from Port Hope, Cobourg, and Grafton.) 

Tuesday, 10th. We had a cricket match between two picked 
sides. The side that I was on won by 13 or 14. A new boy named 
Young came to school from the States, about my height. I believe 
he is very clever. Because Coxworthy would not sing we bumped 
him. . . . 

Wednesday, llth. Rainy all day except a little in the afternoon. 
We had no repetition in the morning. Half holiday. Wrote a note 
in George's letter home. We made the new boy (Coxworthy) read 
as he couldn't sing, but as he would not read just when we told 
him we gave him a dose of Cod Liver Oil, hot tea, pepper, 






1870-91; 1893-99 







The Founder and Headmasters, 1865-1903 

i- i 







1933-1962 1962- 

The Headmasters, 1903-1965 




Chairmen of the Board of Governors 





Chairmen of the Board of Governors 


St. John's Chapel and the Rectory at Weston 

From a watercolour by the Rev. W. A. Johnson showing the choir 
as he hoped it might one day be. 

The Rectory at Weston 



The Four Prefects: Weston, 1866 




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The First Examination Timetable o/ the New Headmaster 

Christmas, 1870 

The Cricket Team, 1868 

Top: J. F. Wilson, H. J. Taylor, W. H. Mcritt, George Crawford. 
Middle: W. Poole (missing), the Rev. F. A. Bethune, E. D. Armour. 
Bottom: G. C. Rogers, E. G. Burke, A. B. Chaffee, W. H. Perram. 

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The First Building at Port Hope 

Completed in 1875 




First Drill Instructor 

Cricket Team, 1881 

Back: A. E. Abbott, the Rev. W. C. Allen, J. Hargraft, A. Allen. 

Middle: Peter Perry, Esq., C. J. Logan, Esq., A. B. Stennett, E. Fidler, H. J. Bethune. 

Front: R. S. Morris, H. H. Fauquier, A. C. MacDonell, S. Farrer. 

Absent: E. C. Cayley. 


The Cricket Team, 1885 

One of five outstanding teams between 1884 and 1888 

Back: F. G. B. Allan, A. B. Jones, Mr. Norley (Pro.), D. R. C. Martin, E. W. Congdon. 
Middle: L. Grahame, J. W. Ambery, W. H. Cooper (Capt.), K. H. Cameron, L. T. Williams. 
Front: E. H. Jones, E. M. Morris. 

The Football Team, 1883 

Rack: E. L. Curry, Esq., M. A. Mackenzie, H. P. Leader, L. L. Murray, 
S. C. Peck, W. T. Lawless, H. W. Realty, C. J. Loewen, G. A. Cosens. 
Middle: W. H. T. Cooper, H. B. Lewis (Capt.), F. W. Tyler. 
Front: J. Blackburn, R. S. Cassels, E. A. Mulligan, L. Boyd, R. Cassels. 

Bummers' Roost, 1886-87 

Jack Ince, George Stevenson, Frank Marcon, Robert A. Downey, Clive Pringle, 
T. D. McGaw, Frank DuMoulin, E. B. Daykin, Allan Cleghorn. 

I- 1 1 

A Baseball Turnout in Costume, 1907 

The Choir at the Entrance to the Chapel 

About 1892 

I- 12 

T.C.S. Staff, 1891 

Back: W. H. Nightingale, the Rev. G. H. Broughall, G. P. Woolcombe. 
Middle: J. R. Montizambert, the Rev. R. T. Nichol, the Headmaster, E. L. Curry. 
Front: C. H. McGee, A. S. Houghton. 

The Football Team, 1895 
Back: W. B. Walsh, A. L. Palmer, F. M. Stevenson, C. E. Duggan, 

H. S. MacGregor, E. G. Hampson. 
Middle: W. A. Baldwin, F. Macfie, P. K. Robertson, A. D. Strathy, 

(Capt.), S. S. DuMoulin, P. E. Henderson, R. D. Harvey. 
Front: ]. M. Syer, H. S. Thorne, R. E. MacGregor. 



mustard and salt. It must have tasted awfully nice. Dunsford sang 
without getting a dose. . . . 

Thursday, 12th. Rainy all day. Dinner: veal and roly-poly. Did 
not take any pudding. Mr. Badgley's table did not take any be- 
cause it was so bad. Hubbell max. had a toothache and staid home. 

I lent him my Arnica Went into the Tuck Shop with Hubbell 

major who treated me to an apple pie, although I did not treat 
him because I do not spend any money at the Tuck Shop. The 
old Tuck Shop woman was awfully surprised to see me, as I had 
only been in once since the 2nd March. 

The next day "Worrell, one of the prefects, asked for a half 
holiday" and they got it. (This was the future Primate of Canada.) 
"We (the boys) got a new piece of music: 'I saw Esau kissing 
Kate'. It is a splendid piece." 

Saturday, 14th Went down and got a lock for my locker and 

got my hair cut. I also bought a glass syringe but the second time 
I fired out of it, it smashed and so I lost 35 cents by it. Received 
letter from home. Went to Mrs. Shortt's to tea. Bethune, De 
Blaquiere, Ford and myself were asked but Bethune and De 
Blaquiere did not go, but Ford and I went. We had splendid fun 
playing Dan Tucker, Chair Dance, Fortune Telling and Quaker's 
Meeting. Just got back exactly as the clock was at half past nine. 
Perram max. came back. 

Monday, 16th. . . . There was a fight between Price, Jonas 
Jones and Harthill. Price gave in, or at least said he was blown. 
Jonas got a dig in the teeth that made his head ache. Harthill got 
a Goose's Egg on his ear and head. Price got the nail torn from 
his thumb and otherwise injured. It was very good for Price in 
the knocking down part, having knocked down Harthill 3 times 
and Jonas once. Mr. Badgley said that we were to have a half 
holiday three times a week and to go into school at 9 a.m. So it 
was a half holiday to-day. 

Friday, 20th. Very fine. Dinner: vermicelli soup and beef. Mr. 
Ford heard us French. We had splendid fun with him. Dr. 
O'Meara heard the Fourth Form their lessons. They kicked up 
awfully with him. In the afternoon he was not at school and the 
First Form who went to Mr. Badgley kicked up awfully, going up 
to the Tuck Shop and down town in school time and making the 


greatest old row out. Price and Jonas got caned by Mr. Bethune 
for kicking up with Perram (the prefect). In Algebra I got 'quam 
optime', 'as good as could be'. 

Saturday, 21st. ... In the morning went down with Stennett 
to see him get a tooth drawn. He took laughing gas and made 
the funniest row when he was taking it. He did not feel it come 
out a bit, as the gas had influence over him after it was out. 

(Peter went home for the 24th of May, but was back again 
the next day.) Went to church in the morning. Dr. O'Meara 
preached an extempore sermon of 10 minutes. Our new master 
in place of Mr. Badgley is a very tall man and has awful large 
feet. . . . (This was Mr. Harrington, "a tall, good-looking man", 
said Dr. Bethune, "with immensely long 'Dundreary' whiskers". 
He acquired the name of 'Spondee' on account of the 'two long 

Monday, 30th. ... A match with the First Eleven of the Town. 
They made 52. ... Our largest score was 5, made by Cameron, 
but we got 26 byes. Our total was 39, leaving them 13 ahead of us. 
Mr. Harrington umpired for us and Burton for them. The scorer 
was Worrell. Mostly all our boys were dressed in full cricket 
costume with knickerbockers, some with red or grey stockings 
which looked splendid on the field. Stotesbury max. caught two 
splendid catches at point. He fell flat on his face both times. A 
new boy named Angell came here. It was fun to hear the boys talk 
about him. One said "He will convert me". Another, "I think 
I hear the Angels sing". Hurt my hand from catching a ball. It 
came awful swift. 

June 1st. Very fine. Dinner: roast beef, rhubarb. Had school 
in the afternoon, but the 2nd division was only 20 minutes in- 
stead of an hour. The greatest rebellion that ever occurred here 
was to-day. All the boys except 14 stayed home from school in the 
afternoon because Mr. Bethune gave Tuesday instead of Wednes- 
day. Mr. Bethune did not appear to notice them until tea. As 
soon as the 2nd grace had been said, he told all the boys to stay 
in the room, and then he called out the names of the boys that 
were at school and said they might go. Then he called the names 
of the other boys that were not at school and asked them if they 
were, and as each answered "no" he told them to go into the 


study. And then when they were there he gave them a lecture 
about playing truant, and then called Jonas, Harthill five, Duns- 
ford, Hubbell major into his study and gave them all a caning. 
Then he called in the 4th Form and gave them a caning. And last 
of all he called in Stennett, his own nephew, and told him he 
must cane him. But Stennett had sworn an oath not to take a 
caning, so Mr. Bethune said he would take a walk with him. 
When Stennett came out of his room into the study he was 
mad. . . . He did not take a caning. Mr. Bethune gave him a lec- 
ture and said he would report his case to Mr. Badgley. Mr. 
Badgley came down here this evening. 

Friday, 3rd. Very fine. I am a darn fool, so Hubbell max. says. 
Hubbell max. got mad with me because I would not look over 
his Latin. We had a circus in French hour. Some of the boys went 
for a swim and were late for tea. . . . Mr. Badgley gave us lief to 
wear our own hats instead of our school caps. Hubbell max. 
showed me his father's photograph. Gave my money for the 
games. Mr. Badgley gave $2. 

Saturday, 4th. Very fine. Dinner: beefsteak, rhubarb pies. Tilly 
gave me a pie. I divided it between Smith, Cameron and myself. 
It was a very good one. . . . Some of the boys stayed up and 
watched last night to see who put the cows in the grounds. Mr. 
Bethune and Stotesbury max. took the ist watch from 10-12, and 
then Smith and Perram max. from 12-2, and then Mr. Bethune 
and the man from 2-4 and then Harthill from 4-6. Harthill had 
not a gun, but the others had a double-barrelled gun for one of 
them and a rifle for the other. They were only going to fire them 
off to frighten the fellows, and then going to tie them and take 
them to gaol. But they did not come in, so they had their watch 
for nothing. Every cow we get we are going to milk after this. We 
have milked 6 already. Harison's boil is very bad. Had a splendid 
bath. (A day or two later the hat question comes up again.) Mr. 
Badgley gave out that the boys might wear any hats they liked, 
but Monday's half holiday would be taken away and all leave to 
go to town restricted till Saturday, and also called Robertson a 
stable boy because he wore an awful large hat. . . . 

Friday, 10th. As Stennett and George were playing with a 
pitchfork, Stennett accidently ran the pitchfork through 


George's foot just here (drawing), and then pulled it out again. 
It went right through his foot and stuck into the sidewalk. George 
did not cry at first but he did afterwards. Mrs. Marmion took him 
up to his room and bathed his foot in cold water. In the mean- 
time Stennett and I went for the doctor, who, when he had come, 
dressed it and said George might go out on Tuesday. I would 
not believe them first (the boys) when they told me he had a 
pitchfork through his foot. We had a splendid treat, after we left 
the doctor's, at Stevens. Mr. Bethune gave out in study that the 
bell would be rung for getting up at six, and then we would have 
school from 6.30-8. 

Saturday, llth. The reason why we had school so early was 
because we expected to play Lindsay at cricket, but they went 
away and so we could not play them, and then we had a whole 
day from 10 a.m. till evening study. George's foot no better. I 
went down town with Stennett and had an ice cream and cake 
and a water at Stevens with him. I then telegraphed home, say- 
ing "George hurt his foot. Don't be alarmed. Let Mama come 
down on Monday", but like an ass I did not put "answer", so I 
suppose they will only think I am fooling and wouldn't come 
down. We had terrible lightning and thunder in the evening. 
Jonas was afraid but Mr. Bethune told him that there was a light- 
ning rod on the corner of the house. I promised to give Hubbell 
my pistol because he wanted it. ... 

Monday, 13th. Fine. Dinner: Cold roast beef and corn starch. 
Whole holiday. Mamma came down today and went away again 
in the evening. She brought down some strawberries and cake. 
I and Perram Ma. went down town and had a treat. I got Mamma 
to give me a Telegraph to take down so that was my excuse. We 
had our games today which came off very well except one bad 
accident. Cummings in jumping the long jump dislocated his 
arm. It was very bad. Mr. Harrington and Kirchoffer pulled it in 
again, and Harry Ward ran for the Doctor who when he came 
up, set it, and put a splint on each side. It hurt Gumming 
awfully. I was Dr. Dewar's fellow Physician. That was all the 
accidents that occurred. . . . Some of the Prizes were splendid 
ones. Perram got for the mile race a silver cup the gift of Mr. 
Harrington and Hubbell Max. second in the mile race a splendid 


gold pencil case. Hubbell also got a Match stand very pretty. 
Perram Max. got a dressing case and a splendid riding whip. 
Cummings got an alarm clock and a razor. Rogers got two flasks 
and a pencil case and a cane. In the evening the Prizes were dis- 
tributed and the Concert came off. It was very good. Bruce 
Smith's songs The Life Boat and England Yet were the best. He 
sang both of them splendid. Miss Stotesbury and Mrs. Holland 
sang, but the funniest songs were by Mr. Harrington who sang 
The Twins, Fifty Years Ago and some others. After that they had 
a dance and went home together. It was a splendid day. 

Thursday, 16th. Dinner: Beef Steak and Apple Pies. Hubbell 
Max. and Coxworthy were both sick. Mr. Badgley came down to 
roll in the morning and about a dozen boys were late, and all got 
lines. Stennett's last day in this School ended this morning. He 
and Robertson both ran away. Mr. Badgley did not take any 
notice but for all that he was awfully scared and questioned some 
of the boys about him although not me as I was the only one who 
knew where he had gone. He gave me a letter to take down to the 
Post Office addressed to his mother. Cummings arm is a little 
better. The Doctor put a new splint on it. George went to School. 
Received paper from Whitby. 

Saturday, 18th. Very fine. Cameron was expelled for not beg- 
ging Mr. Bethune's pardon for slapping his knee in School. 
Stennett came back on account of his mother and then because he 
would not take a caning for running away, Mr. Badgley expelled 
him. Robertson did not come back. I received a parcel containing 
two suits of clothes and eight pair of stockings. I went down and 
had a treat with Perram Ma. Went out to Stotesbury's in the 
evening and because some girls were there Smith and myself took 
French leave. 

Sunday, 19th. Very fine. Went to Church and heard the Organ. 
It is a splendid one at least all the boys think so. They made an 
attempt to intone the service but failed. Dr. Davis played the 
Organ. In Chapel in the afternoon we had no singing because 
only three or four of the Choir boys were there. Wrote a letter 
home. Went with Perram Ma. to get some strawberries but the 
man had not any picked so we had to go without them. 

Thursday, 23rd. Very fine. Mr. Harrington heard us all our 


lessons but only marked us in Divinity. Smith and Ford were sick. 
Received a letter from Sam Armour. We got out of School in the 
morning at 12 and the afternoon at 4.00. Tilly gave us toast for 
tea in the evening. Mr. Ford caned George and tried to cane 
De Blaquiere but he would not let him, and so Ford is going to 
report him to Mr. Badgley. All the boys except 2 of the big fel- 
lows and Angell, Campbell and myself got 300 lines each for 
running down to School when Mr. Harrington told them not. 
Got my Boys Magazine from O'Donnell. 

Friday, 24th. Very fine. Dinner: Soup and Beef. Did not take 
any meat as it was bad. We had no Chapel as Mr. Badgley and 
Bethune were not here. Half holiday. Bought 2 quarters of 
Cherries and one of Strawberries with Coxworthy and Bethune. 
Coxworthy got sick but they did not make me sick. 

Friday, July 1st. Very fine. Dinner Beef and 2 kinds of Pies. 
Whole holiday and a Free day. The Grafton Cricket Club came 
and played us at Cricket. ... In the afternoon there were Kalo- 
thumpians and a fight on Pigeon Hill. I did not see either as I 
was scoring. It was a free day until 10 o'clock P.M. but Rogers, 
Perram, Ford, Badgley and myself stayed out till half past eleven. 
We were at Mrs. Shortts and had splendid fun. The fireworks 
were very good. There was an awful crowd in Town. Got some 

Monday, 4th. Very fine. Dinner. Veal & hash & Rice Pudding. 
Mr. Bethune was not at Breakfast and so I helped the meat but 
none of us eat 1 it as there were only 9,999,999,999,999 big 
maggots in it. But I had the toast. . . . Read Themistocles up for 
Examination and Campbell went over part of it. 

Friday, 8th. Very fine. Dinner. Beefsteak &: Rice Pudding. We 
were examined in history, Greek and Roman. I passed a middling 
exam, seeing that I never looked at it. In G.H. I got 40 out of 102 
and the head fellow got 60. In Roman Hist. I got 29 out of 1 14 
and the head 52. 1 was second or third both times. In Latin in the 
afternoon I passed pretty well. Wrote a letter home. 

Sunday, 10th. Very fine. Dinner. Roast beef & Pies. Studied 
some of my Divinity for Monday. We had Raspberry Pies for 
Dinner. Mr. Bethune preached in Church. We had no Divinity. 

lArchaic form of 'ate'. 


Dr. O'Meara gave out that Frederick Alexander Bethune would 
be ordained a priest if no person had anything to say against him 
being ordained a priest. So all the boys said they would write to 
the Bishop and say that he caned them when they did not 
deserve it. 

Reminiscing about his schooldays in 1903, Peter Perry was able 
to say "nothing will ever blot out from my memory the happy 
days spent at the dear old school and the many friendships there 
formed". The life he described in 1870 remained remarkably 
unchanged for the remainder of the century. Certainly no hint 
of revolutionary ideas marred the placid surface of the educa- 
tional world -a world that had not yet absorbed the significance 
of Karl Marx and Charles Darwin, though both had published 
their major work within the previous ten-year period. 

There were no Speech Day ceremonies to mark the official end 
of school in the summer of 1870. Mr. Badgley resigned to accept 
the Headmastership of Bishop's College School, now firmly estab- 
lished and prospering in Lennoxville. The situation at Port 
Hope must have seemed hopeless as staff and boys quietly made 
their exit. The Corporation of Trinity College acknowledged 
Mr. Badgley's letter of resignation and expressed to him "their 
appreciation of his past services in the cause of Church education 
and their best wishes in his new sphere of duty". Their great 
concern was to find a competent successor to the retiring Head- 


The Bethune Period 

A New Beginning 

IN 1867, WHEN HIS YOUNGER BROTHER joined the staff at 
Weston, the Rev. Charles Bethune said that "to be a school- 
master is the last thing I should care to undertake". At the 
time he was in charge of the Credit Mission where he remained 
until 1870. There, urgent letters reached him from his friends 
Jones, Ambery and Badgley, asking him to accept the Head- 
mastership of Trinity College School. Without hesitation he 
refused. More and more urgent letters followed and finally he 
placed the decision in the hands of his father, then Lord Bishop 
of Toronto. His father considered it his duty to accept. Charles 
Bethune agreed to take on the responsibility for a two-year 
period, to discover whether in that time he could build up a 
permanent school for the Church of England in Canada. Twenty- 
nine years later he retired from the post so reluctantly assumed, 
knowing he had built a school that could survive whatever storms 
of adversity the future might hold. 

Despite his disinclination to become a schoolmaster, he was 
eminently qualified for such a post. In 1856 he graduated from 
Upper Canada College as Head Boy and three years later received 
his Bachelor of Arts degree from Trinity College with first class 
honours in classics as well as a distinction in mathematics. In 
1883, his outstandingly successful career as a Headmaster was 
acknowledged by his University which conferred upon him the 
honorary degree of D.C.L. Dr. Bethune was also an entomologist 
of considerable reputation, one of the founders of the Ento- 
mological Association of Ontario, and for many years editor of 



the Canadian Entomologist, a publication well known to men of 
science in all parts of America. Before his final retirement from 
the school which he served so well, he was President of the Ca- 
nadian Entomological Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society 
of Canada as well as a Fellow of the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science. 

To churchmen throughout Canada the name of the Rev. 
C. J. S. Bethune was almost as familiar as that of his father who 
had succeeded John Strachan as Lord Bishop of Toronto. On 
many occasions he was a delegate to the provincial Synod. But it 
was in his role of Headmaster that Charles Bethune excelled. 
Throughout his term of office he was always able to command the 
support of his masters, promoting and preserving a healthy tone 
in a balanced programme of work and play. 

At the time of his appointment, he was under no illusions 
about the task ahead. The school liabilities were $3,091.08 and 
assets amounted to $3,634.36, including one cow valued at $40. 
The editor of the Church Herald wished him well and expressed 
the hope that "copious revenues would accrue to the common 
chest". At the moment copious revenues seemed a remote pos- 
sibility. The immediate problem was to increase school enrol- 
ment and this raised the question of staff. 

After persuading his brother to give up his recent Church 
appointment, Charles Bethune felt he could reopen the School 
in September. There would be himself, his brother and Mr. Har- 
rington as well as Mrs. Marmion, "the excellent matron" and her 
staff of servants. The rest of the staff had left for fresh and greener 

Mr. Badgley, prior to his departure, had decided that it was out 
of the question to continue using the town building for class- 
rooms. As a result, the furniture was stacked outside the Ward 
house exposed to the elements. It was a further blow to the new 
Headmaster when he discovered that his wife and three small 
children could not live in the School as he had been led to 
expect. For a year, he had his residence in a cottage near St. 
John's Church, a mile and a half away, seeing his family during 
this time for two or three afternoons a week only, and dining 
with them on Sundays. 


But the situation was not entirely one of unrelieved gloom. 
The Corporation of Trinity College agreed to share with the Port 
Hope committee the cost of liquidating the outstanding trades- 
men's debts of $1,200. Furthermore, the building fund, first 
begun at Weston, now amounted to almost $5,000 and this sum 
with another $1,000 contributed locally through the good offices 
of Col. Williams and Dr. Dewar, was enough to launch a building 
programme. The new Headmaster was adamant in rejecting a 
proposal to remodel the Ward homestead. 

The Corporation, in offering the Headmastership to the Rev. 
C. J. S. Bethune, again formally disclaimed any responsibility for 
the expenses incurred, or to be incurred, it being distinctly under- 
stood that "Trinity College School is not a preparatory school 
established under the Act incorporating Trinity College". 

On September i, the Rev. Charles Bethune, now 32 years of 
age, arrived in Port Hope to assume his new duties, sharing with 
a later Headmaster, Philip Ketchum, the distinction of being the 
youngest to do so. His first task was to convert into classrooms a 
large empty frame building (the wooden red barn). The Chapel 
in the town building was refitted. A sudden revelation of his new 
importance came with a request from Mr. Harrington for per- 
mission to get married. Undoubtedly touched by this act of faith, 
the new Headmaster graciously acceded to the request since the 
marriage was not to take place until the following year. On Sep- 
tember 14, 1870, the School opened with 32 boys, twenty of whom 
had been with Mr. Badgley. 

The Building Programme 

As a preliminary to the building programme, the Governing 
Body approved the purchase on mortgage of the existing build- 
ings and site comprising some ten acres of land. The new School 
building, planned by Mr. Henry Macdougall, was ready for 
occupancy in January 1872. Meanwhile the School was growing, 
and in the autumn of 1871, 26 new boys swelled the attendance 
to 50. As the lease on the town building had now expired, a senior 
study in the partially finished buildings was fitted up for Chapel 
services on Sunday. These quarters had to be abandoned as cold 


weather set in, and Sunday services were resumed at St. John's 
for the rest of the term. 

When it became possible to hold classes in the new building, 
the old classroom in the building to the rear was fitted up as a 
temporary Chapel. One memorable sermon during the year went 
far beyond the limits of time for ordinary sermons and held the 
boys in rapt attention. Archdeacon Vincent of Moosonee told of 
the exciting life among the Indians, canoeing on the rivers in 
summer, travelling by snowshoe in winter. "There were few, if 
any, who at the time did not think to be a missionary in Moosonee 
would be one of the happiest things possible." Evening prayers 
were held in the dining hall. Meanwhile the Headmaster had 
moved his family into the cottage opposite the School. When cold 
weather made the arrangement unendurable, he sent them to 
Toronto and reluctantly went back to his living quarters in the 
old Ward house. 

He was sustained during the many frustrations of this period 
by his vision of the School that he was determined to bring into 
being. One of the first steps necessary was an Act of Incorpora- 
tion and this was submitted to the Legislature in November 1871 
and approved at the next session of 1872. The Act defined the 
Corporation and Governing Body, gave permission to hold real 
estate, and established the school on an independent footing. In 
1873, the Chapel and dining hall were erected at the east end of 
the main building and on Palm Sunday, 1874, for the first time 
since the move to Port Hope, the Headmaster was able to conduct 
a religious service in a dignified and impressive setting. 

There was still, however, no sign of the "copious revenues" 
envisaged by the Church Herald. The school had incurred a 
considerable debt through its building operations and not a 
single dollar had been added to the building fund. The Head- 
master borrowed money at 8 and 10 per cent on his own per- 
sonal liability and risked everything on the venture. His faith in 
the future was unbounded, but it was many years before the 
debt was discharged, years that were filled with long periods of 
anxiety and arduous work, years that demanded all his excep- 
tional initiative and powers of organization. 

The reporter from the Port Hope Times who made a thorough 


inspection of the School in '1871 found it apparently the epitome 
of the golden age. The buildings, his readers were told, contained 
on the ground floor "besides the reception, headmaster's and 
matron's rooms, all models of neatness and comfort, the studies 
of the pupils". The latter were "wainscotted from floor to ceil- 
ing, look warm and comfortable, more like libraries of private 
residences; while their whole aspect is cheerful and cosy and 
almost invites to quiet study". There was a library, too, from 
which "the boys can procure belletristic works, the poetic effu- 
sions of the great bards, as well as the historical and scientific 
researches of eminent writers". 

School Life 1870-1893 

The reporter visited the larder and observed that it contained 
"some very tempting mutton and beef" and later remarked that 
"the food provided is simple and excellent; the masters partake 
of the same food as the boys; frequent ablutions and bathing are 
insisted on (the arrangements did not include, however, those 
modern adjuncts of gracious living considered indispensable: 
running water and indoor plumbing. On Friday and Saturday 
nights the boys lined up in relays of four for their weekly ablution 
in tanks of water heated in the shed, where the temperature in 
winter tested even the hardiest. But they made a joke of it and 
their rollicking good humour on such occasions made life miser- 
able for 'John', the faithful man-of-all-work who supervised the 
operation). Rural sports, football and cricket playing are encour- 
aged 1 , and no means neglected to make the children happy as 
well as healthy". 

The daily programme seems to have been strenuous. "The 
boys rise in summer at 6.30 a.m., wash and dress, go to prayers, 
and enter their study to prepare for their lessons. Well knowing 
that memory can be successfully trained, and is readiest to receive 
lasting impressions after a refreshing sleep, it is required that in 
this morning study the scholars learn poetry and verses, both in 

iln 1875 ten acres of land adjoining the original premises on the west were pur- 
chased from the University of Toronto and converted to cricket and football 


the English, Latin or Greek languages. At 8 o'clock breakfast is 
served, consisting of coffee, eggs, or cold meat, and bread and 
butter; after this the boys are allowed to play until 9 o'clock, 
when the bell calls to the day's work. Throughout the week the 
first half hour is devoted to Divinity, and the study of the Holy 
Bible, while in the next a reviewing of grammar subjects taught 
previously, takes place. The teacher is thus enabled before he 
enters on new themes, not alone to see that he has been 
thoroughly understood, but also to rectify errors and misunder- 
standings. During the next two hours the Classics, Mathematics, 
History, Geography, Book-keeping, Latin Grammar, German, 
etc. are taught, a short recess being allowed from 10.45 to ll 
o'clock. A bountiful dinner, joints of meat, vegetables of the 
season, and pies and puddings assembles the boys at 12.30 o'clock, 
after which they are permitted to walk about in the grounds until 
1.30 o'clock, when the afternoon studies, comprising Arithmetic, 
French, Drawing, Natural Science, Botany, or Zoology begin, and 
close at 3.45 p.m." 

"This closes the day's work until evening when the boys have 
to prepare and rehearse their lessons from 7.30 to 9 o'clock, under 
the supervision of the master of the week." Finally, the writer 
observed, "studiously and wisely everything that can offend the 
eye and ear is kept from the student; and while he can gaze at the 
manufactories and observe the busy crowds walking to and fro 
through the busy streets of Port Hope (pop. 5,000), he is wisely 
forbidden, except at intervals, to enter the town; but he can roam 
over hill and vale, through the forests and orchards, watch the 
white sails of sailing vessels, and hear the roar of many steamers, 
loading and unloading in our harbour without seeing what mars 
beauty, or scenes of distress and vice". (Main sources of revenue 
after 1830 had been lumber, grain, and the export of whiskey.) 1 

No wonder the writer could record that an increasing number 
of pupils "flock to Port Hope from all parts of the country, from 
Iowa in the west, and New York and Montreal in the east, from 
the Bruce Mines and Hudson's Bay; the greater number, how- 
ever, belong to Ontario". Ten years later, boys from the West 
Coast were arriving at the School even before the Canadian 

1A Report on the Ganaraska Watershed, 1944, p. 15. 


Pacific Railway spanned the continent. Senator G. H. Barnard 
recalled that in 1882 he came to T.C.S. via San Francisco and the 
Union Pacific Railway. 

In a rural setting it was natural that the boys should take a 
great interest in the wild life around them, an interest that per- 
sists to the present day. At Weston, it was a tame crow that first 
claimed their attention when at dinner he proceeded gravely 
down the table picking up tidbits as he went, all the while skil- 
fully evading attempts to impede his progress. And it was a tame 
crow ninety years later that revealed his religious proclivities by 
settling on Canon Lawrence's 1 head as he walked across the 
campus. At Weston, too, one boy spent an agonized hour in 
Chapel as a "dying" squirrel came suddenly to life under his 
shirt, making frantic efforts to escape his limited confines. A few 
years later, a family of skunks threatened to disrupt a Chapel 
service. In Trinity term, 1871, H. J. 'Shy' Campbell, Head Boy 
and first Bronze Medallist, along with three others, had been 
using the cottage for sleeping quarters. One Sunday afternoon 
they found a family of skunks under the shed and in a matter of 
minutes the whole School got wind of the discovery. The situ- 
ation was saved by the Head's quick reaction. All boys had to 
pass before him as they paraded down the hill to Chapel, the 
worst offenders being returned for further treatment. Other pets 
included a hawk, tamed by Alfred Farncomb. 'Bill' achieved 
notoriety in 1875 by eating the Headmaster's household cat 
which had inadvertently been closeted with the hawk one eve- 
ning early in his three-year career at the School. 

The creation of nicknames was another major preoccupation 
with the boys. Sometimes the name seemed to spring magically 
to the lips; more often it was the product of a creative genius 
who recognized characteristics that made it singularly appro- 
priate. Few boys lacked a suitable sobriquet and sometimes it 
endured a lifetime. Even gravely distinguished Headmasters were 
not immune. Dr. Bethune's impressive white beard in later years 
earned him the nickname 'The Goat'. In the next century, the 
most famous, perhaps, was 'The Pot', an imaginative epithet 
conjured up by Dr. Rigby's somewhat robust figure. 

ISchool chaplain from 1950 to 1960. 


Much of the success that attended Dr. Bethune's efforts to 
build up the school lay in the selection of able men for his staff. 
In 1871 Mr. John A. Worrell, later Chancellor of the University 
of Trinity College, took the place of Mr. Harrington and proved 
a very popular master, for at Christmas in 1873, the boys, to his 
great surprise, presented him with an eight volume history of the 
Roman Empire as a token "of the firm and impartial manner in 
which he had discharged his duties". Another addition to the 
staff at this time was Mr. C. R. Lee who later took Holy Orders. 
He was remembered because of his abhorrence of June bugs that 
invaded the study on a summer evening. When he remedied the 
situation by closing the windows, some boys had the happy 
thought of making up the deficiency themselves and at the appro- 
priate moment loosed them in profusion from their pockets. 

In 1873, the Rev. W. E. Cooper took over the senior forms in 
mathematics, and established a high reputation as a teacher dur- 
ing the seventeen years he remained at the School. In the same 
year Mr. C. J. Logan joined the staff and became known as one 
of the best classics masters the School had had. He also established 
one of the great reputations as a cricketer in Canada, being an out- 
standing bowler. In 1876, ill health forced the retirement of the 
Rev. F. A. Bethune who for nine years had been a great favourite 
with the boys owing to the deep interest he took in their games. 
He excelled at football and as a bat in cricket. Once each autumn 
he selected one of the bigger boys to be with him as a hare, and 
a paper chase into the country was the order of the day. After his 
death in 1877, a fund was raised to provide scholarships bearing 
his name, the first of which was offered for competition in 1883. 

In the later eighties, J. R. Montizambert is remembered for his 
athletic prowess, often captaining the school rugby team. R. T. 
Nichol, "a kind-hearted disciplinarian who earned the affection 
of many boys", had a holy horror of false quantities in Latin and 
with his handy cane promptly corrected mispronunciations. One 
of the most colourful men on the staff in the early nineties was 
M. A. Mackenzie, an Old Boy. One day, he found it his painful 
duty to give detention to Dick Tucker, an outstanding athlete 
from Bermuda and a popular member of the School. Mike made 
a proposition: "I say, Tuck-aw, I hate to see you get that punish- 


ment. I will run you a race down the football field. If you win, 
you get off; if I win, you get an hour added to it." 

Tucker, who knew how Mike could run, said, "No, sir." 

"Well, then, Tuck-aw, we will have a wrestling bout." 

Again, "No, sir." 

"Well, then, Tuck-aw, let us have a boxing match." 

"OH, NO, sir!" 

"Well, then, Tuck-aw, you will have to take your detention." 

A brilliant mathematician and an unusual athlete himself, 
Michael Mackenzie became Professor of Mathematics at Trinity 
College after two years, and in the course of his long academic 
career received many honours. 

W. H. Nightingale stood high in the boys' affections. Old Boys 
made their way to his rooms which were their headquarters until 
their visits ended. Then, too, there were Miss Fortune and Mrs. 
Rowe "surely the most charming matrons there ever were". 
When the Rev. G. H. Broughall joined the staff in 1887, eleven 
years after he had left as a boy, he spoke of the great debt the 
School owed to his colleagues, the Rev. W. E. Cooper, J. R. 
Montizambert and E. L. Curry. In his own career as a master and 
housemaster, he too won for himself a place as one of the out- 
standing teachers of his time. 

The Athletic Life 

Once the School became established at Port Hope, cricket be- 
came the one important game. For a few years the more im- 
portant matches were played on a fine green at Penryn Park until 
the School playing grounds were put in shape in 1878. In the 
early years the game was fostered by the Rev. F. A. Bethune and 
H. J. Campbell, later on by Peter Perry and E. L. Curry. The 
important game was, of course, against Upper Canada College 
and after matches were resumed in 1872, the honours were fairly 
evenly shared up to 1890, T.C.S. winning eleven, U.C.C. nine, 
with three drawn. Under the coaching of James Norley and suc- 
ceeding professionals, the School won five successive Upper Can- 
ada matches between 1884 and 1888. In the former year, the Port 
Hope Guide declared: "This Eton and Harrow match of Canada 


resulted in a disastrous defeat for the U.C.C. boys by an innings 
and 25 runs. In batting, W. H. Cooper carried off the honours 
with his score of 47 not out. In bowling, E. W. Congdon was best, 
his 12 wickets costing a little over 2 runs each". In the 1886 
match, the Guide reported the T.C.S. total of 138 runs was "the 
largest score ever made by the School in these matches". 

Year by year the fixture list increased until it included matches 
against such clubs as Toronto-Rosedale, Peterborough and the 
Royal Military College as well as Trinity College and the Old 
Boys. During the eighties there was also a team of T.C.S. Rovers 
who made a tour in the early part of July playing matches against 
clubs in Lindsay, Bracebridge, Orillia, Newmarket, Hamilton, 
Guelph and Toronto. Cricketers who later won distinction in 
the game included W. Scott Howard, captain from 1875 to 1877, 
Dyce Saunders, captain in 1878, A. C. Allan, captain in 1882 and 
1883, W. W. Jones, D'Arcy Martin, E. K. Martin, W. H. Cooper, 
captain in 1884 and 1885, K. H. Cameron, G. H. P. Grout, D. M. 
Rogers, E. S. Senkler and H. J. Tucker. In 1890, Fred Pellatt, 
younger brother of Sir Henry Pellatt and nephew of Stephen 
Leacock, created a sensation in a match against the Hamilton 
Colts by capturing six wickets on six consecutive balls, thus 
achieving a double hat-trick. 

Rugby football continued to be played in the early years at 
Port Hope on playing fields that were not much of an improve- 
ment over Weston. In 1881 the Old Boys' annual game was in- 
augurated, and the local newspaper predicted the School would 
give a good account of themselves. The next day, October 22, 
J. R. Montizambert, a master, captained the School team, and in 
the presence of some four or five hundred spectators, the School 
emerged victorious notwithstanding the size and weight of the 
visitors. Constant practice and good condition, it was implied, 
won the day. The game being played was, of course, English 
rugger. The Port Hope Guide contained a full report of the 
match. Mr. Montizambert, H. K. Merritt, E. C. Cayley and 
W. J. Rogers played a hard forward game; R. Cassels and H. P. 
Leader tackled in good style and G. J. Leggatt made a couple of 
good runs. During the second half, condition began to tell. 
F. B. Hill got two or three pretty runs and Merritt was always on 


the ball. Finally, A. E. Abbott, the quarterback, got the first 
touchdown for the School and quickly added a second. The 
remainder of the game was taken up by scrimmaging, Cayley and 
R. M. Hamilton frequently forcing the ball through despite the 
weight of the opponents. Every boy on the home team played "in 
splendid form, the halfbacks, Leader and H. J. Bethune, doing 
their work well". 

In 1883, L. L. McMurray recalled, T.C.S. played host to U.C.C. 
after several days' rain. To mark the occasion, which was the first 
contest between the schools, the T.C.S. team had been provided 
with new canvas duck sweaters. "Before long it was impossible 
to distinguish the players, owing to the thorough coating of Port 
Hope mud". The game erupted in a memorable 'free fight' that 
ended further matches between the schools until 1891 when 
Upper Canada College recorded their first home game against 
T.C.S. with a 15-9 win. 

The year 1885 impressed itself deeply on the School in a 
number of ways. The anxious months during which the North 
West Rebellion claimed the attention of all Canada reached their 
climax; the victors were acclaimed. But Speech Day was a sad 
occasion, for Col. Williams of Port Hope, long a friend of the 
School, had died suddenly "in the very flush of triumph and vic- 
tory just as he was coming home". 1 The year was also to be one 
of remarkable progress as the first electric power was generated 
in the town and installation of lights proceeded apace despite the 
vigorous opposition of the proponents of gas. 

The Tuck 

It was the year 1885, too, that brought into being the first School 
Tuck. Even at Weston there had been a shop run by a man called 
Felix who sold round candies like glass alleys, taffy, ginger snaps 
and 'fly' biscuits. Similar establishments had flourished in Port 
Hope. But in 1885 the first real Tuck made its debut. A certain 
quartet of boys returning from leave, we are told, felt the pangs 
of hunger that could not be denied. Seeing a patch of plump 

iCol. A. T. H. Williams died while on active duty after leading the charge on 
Batoche which effectively ended the Kiel Rebellion. 


golden pumpkins in a nearby backyard, they decided to investi- 
gate. Oh joy of joys! Luscious thick pumpkin pie was to be had 
for the asking. Mrs. Philp had served her first customers. Before 
long, wondrous smells savouring of piping hot duck and creamy 
thick gravy were wafted from her busy kitchen. Frogs' legs and 
oysters, 'tiger' cake and whipped cream, sausage rolls and cordials 
all in time miraculously emerged from the well stocked larder 
that for two generations brightened the lives of T.C.S. gour- 
mets. The last piece of tiger cake vanished in October, 1919, 
as the Misses Philp finally decided they "had done their share", 
thirty-five years after Mrs. Philp had donned her first apron to 
serve her boys. 

Now, their goodwill was passed on to Mrs. Grace at the little 
green Tuck across the campus where she and 'Didne' 1 dispensed 
good cheer. But the Old Tuck was to be forever green in the 
memory of those who had sampled its treasures. All of Mrs. 
Rigby's 'dear boys' had been there and those of Dr. Bethune, 
Dr. Symonds, and of Dr. Orchard, most of them with their names 
signed under the fading green oilcloth or the mantel, if not 
scratched alongside R. L. Merry's, C. Young's, or A. L. Wallace's 
in the brick outside. There was a Tuck register, too, bearing 
such scrawled signatures as Gordon Tucker, Buck Pearce, Peter 
Campbell, John Ham, Bethune and Berry beside Mick/ '06 or 
Tim/'Sg and Rooms 35, 47 and 54. 

Other Innovations 

The eighties witnessed the launching of other projects that con- 
tributed largely to the School's growing reputation. In 1880 a 
Drill Association was founded in support of public policy bring- 
ing to life again the Cadet Corps that had quietly languished after 
the vigorous drilling of the Weston period. New uniforms with 
smart red coats were bought in England and training once more 
flourished with the aid of the local militia. Dramatics reached a 
new high in 1882 as the production of Poor Pillicoddy starred 

lArthur Grace, cricket pro and groundsman, received the nickname because of 
his wife's automatic habit of turning the conversation to her husband by saying 
"Didn't he, Art?" 


C. N. Perry, James Ince and G. E. Powell in the chief roles. The 
same evening's entertainment also featured for the first time a 
French production Id on parle frangais. Four years later the first 
Gilbert and Sullivan production of Box and Cox was staged, 
featuring E. C. Cattanach as Mrs. Bouncer, K. H. Cameron as 
Box and Mr. Peter Perry as Cox. Debating began to assume an 
important role in school life, no doubt stimulated by the public 
debate of 1884, in which Mr. Perry supported the motion "Re- 
solved that the franchise should be extended to females", a 
daring and radical proposal in the Victorian era. After 1891, a 
debating society was formed by Mr. Lloyd whose own reputation 
as a public speaker stimulated the boys' interest. 

Dr. Bethune Becomes Warden 

In 1890, atfer twenty years at the helm, the pressure of his many 
duties and responsibilities began to tell upon Dr. Bethune and 
he asked the Governing Body to reduce the load by appointing 
a Headmaster to be responsible for the academic administration 
of the School. His annual report for the year 1890 showed that 
the assets of the School had risen to $100,000, including the 
Lodge, completed in 1882, and a new gym completed in the cur- 
rent year. The School debt in 1890 was at an all time low. It was 
an impressive achievement. 

During his tenure of office, Dr. Bethune had weathered two 
severe depressions, one in the late 70*5 and the second in the 
late 8o's. But his successes had been achieved at the cost of strict 
economies and on at least one occasion protests to the Governing 
Body brought an increase in the School diet. "Cheapness", Mr. 
R. P. Jellett recalled, "was probably the guiding influence in 
choosing the food. It was abundant but uninteresting". A few 
days prior to the serious fire of 1893, the Board heard a report 
from Dr. Spragge on the subject of school sanitation, now a burn- 
ing issue at School, and adopted a number of resolutions to im- 
prove conditions. In particular, it was agreed that "a covered 
way and a porch be built to the outdoor facilities; that the shelters 
be altered to open outwards so as to prevent snow blowing in; 
that a chimney with a ventilating flue be built and a stove kept 


burning in cold weather". As Mr. Jellett pointed out, the boys 
in his day were a hardy race, and they made their hardships the 
source of many a jest. 

The Corporation accepted Dr. Bethune's proposal to enter 
semi-retirement and expressed the hope that the School would 
long continue to benefit from his wise counsel. The Headmaster 
was named Warden and continued to live at the Lodge. The 
Board then approved the appointment of the Rev. Mr. Lloyd, 
M.A. as Headmaster, to begin his duties September i, 1891. 

The Rev. Arthur Lloyd, Headmaster 1891-1893 

The Rev. Arthur Lloyd, former Fellow and Dean of Peterhouse, 
Cambridge, was born at Simla, India, in 1852. In 1884 he went 
to Japan as a missionary and held a university teaching post until 
1890 when he came to Canada because of his wife's health. He 
was invited to join the staff of Trinity College and the following 
year became Headmaster of Trinity College School where he 
remained for the next two years. One of the students he brought 
to the School was a Japanese boy, but it was only after his return 
to Japan as a missionary that the boys learned their fellow- 
student had been a married man presumably the only married 
student in the School's history. Mr. Lloyd was, in the words of 
one of his former students, "a profound student, a most devout 
Christian and Churchman, and a man of lovable character". Two 
of the boys who came under his influence at the School later went 
to Japan, one to become a missionary. 

From the first, Mr. Lloyd must have found his position un- 
tenable since his authority was strictly limited and lodging in 
the town made it even more difficult for him to maintain proper 
supervision of the boys. The death of his wife in September 
1892, and the problem of looking after four small children, must 
also have influenced his decision to give up the Headship at the 
end of the second year. Nevertheless, he made a deep impression 
on the School during his brief tenure of office and was much in 
demand as a preacher. He established the School's first debating 
society which made its debut in February 1893, when the society 
debated the resolution "that the national policy is beneficial to 


Canada". Whether the debate was won or lost is not recorded, 
but the national policy of protection and high tariffs instituted 
in 1879 continued without interruption through recession after 
recession until the great depression of the 1930*5 produced a new 
social climate. 

The new Headmaster brought with him Mr. E. M. Watson 
to head the Classics department. Mr. Watson, a big, handsome 
man, soon gained a reputation as an individualist, a fine cricketer, 
and a highly original teacher. With the support of the Head- 
master, he organized the first School magazine and in 1898 be- 
came the first editor of The Record. For punishment he did not 
hesitate to use the cane, the panacea for all misdemeanors. Mr. 
Watson, however, had individual names for his canes. For greater 
offenses he would say "Go fetch me the brand Excalibur". For 
lesser punishments he would call for 'The Tickler'. 

The Red and Black, which Mr. Lloyd sponsored, flourished 
for six numbers and led The New York Churchman to suggest 
that "American schoolboys would do well to imitate, in this 
respect, their Canadian cousins". The first issue, under the editor- 
ship of L. M. Lyon and C. S. Wilkie, came off the local press on 
February 4, 1893. In the following issues, there were reports of 
two disastrous fires, the formation in 1890 of a hockey club which 
was to practise in the new town rink to supplement skating on 
Duck Harbour, activities of the Snowshoe Club, victories in 
cricket over Ridley and U.C.C. in 1892, the death in England of 
the Rev. C. H. Badgley, and finally the death of "our little 
Indian boy, Joseph Soney" whose burial service "was the third 
in the Chapel within the year". Mrs. Lloyd had died suddenly 
in the autumn, and in December Philip Pepler, age ten, died 
from a concussion he received when he fell from a ledge in the 
new gymnasium. 

A Series of Disastrous Fires 

On May 25, 1891, the Port Hope Guide recorded a fire at T.C.S. 
that set the alarm bells ringing about 3 o'clock in the afternoon, 
but before the fire brigade reached the School the outbreak had 
been extinguished. The fire, which did $300 damage, originated 


in a boy's bedroom where, it was said, he had been smoking. Two 
years later, the School was not so fortunate. At noon on April 24, 
1893, fire again broke out in a boy's room on the top storey but 
with herculean efforts and the aid of water pitchers, pails, Carr's 
Chemical engine, the hand engines and horse reels, once more 
the flames were subdued. The major damage occurred as the 
contents of the rooms were removed from the building. Trunks, 
pictures and light furniture were thrown from the windows 
while in many cases books and bedding were carefully carried 
down and laid on the grass. Then on May 3, while the town coun- 
cil was debating how best to acknowledge Dr. Bethune's gift of 
$100 for the fire fighters, the alarm bells sounded once more. This 
time fire broke out in several places at the same time and from the 
town it seemed that the School was doomed. But again the effi- 
ciency of the bucket brigade operated by the masters and senior 
boys saved the building. 

This time, public indignation was aroused. The local fire chief 
was particularly upset. At the first alarm, he had sent for the 
Cobourg Fire Brigade which arrived by train. At the same time 
he arranged for a locomotive to be dispatched to Millbrook to 
bring down a fire engine. But even his local firefighters arrived 
almost too late to be of any real help. An editorial in the Guide 
demanded that an example be made of the culprits. Several boys 
were sent home the following day. 

After the fire, it was suggested that water mains be laid as far 
as the School but when the immediate anxiety was allayed, the 
project was shelved for future consideration owing to the cost. It 
was a decision that was soon to have disastrous consequences for 
the School. Estimates of damage on this occasion ranged from 
$7,000 to $10,000. Fortunately, most of the damage was done to 
the upper storey and it was possible for all the boys to be housed 
on the School premises while repairs were carried out. 

In June, Mr. Lloyd submitted his resignation and returned to 
Japan where he added even further to his reputation during the 
next 18 years as one of the outstanding international authorities 
on Japanese life and customs. Dr. Bethune was persuaded to 
resume full duties as Headmaster. 

Two years later, on February 11, 1895, fire once more swept 


the School and Dr. Bethune had to stand helplessly looking on as 
the work of a lifetime was engulfed in the flames. 

The fire was first discovered about 11.30 on a cold blustery 
Saturday night. Mr. Watson, whose room was in the top of the 
tower at the west end, had left a coal oil lamp burning during 
his absence. Either the lamp exploded or coals from the grate fell 
out on the floor, but by the time the flames were noticed, the 
upper part of the tower was ablaze. Fortunately, there was time 
to carry out an orderly evacuation and some of the boys even 
managed to save a few of their effects. Then suddenly, the gale 
force wind veered to the west and in a matter of minutes swept 
the fire down the long corridors in a raging inferno. With no 
water supply, the fire brigade was helpless. But before the roof of 
the main building was consumed, the wind shifted to the north 
and with the aid of snow and wet blankets, the firefighters saved 
the Lodge and the gymnasium. Kind friends in the town re- 
sponded quickly and took the boys in, many of them protected 
only by their nightshirts in the zero weather outside. The smallest 
boy in the school, Marvine Rathbun, age 10, had been whisked 
across the road to the cottage of Joe Byam, the carpenter, and 
from his unique vantage point watched the awesome spectacle 
long after the rest of the School had been taken off to temporary 
shelter. Most deeply regretted was the loss of the Chapel with its 
richly coloured memorial windows, chaste fittings and newly in- 
stalled organ. 

Dr. Bethune acted with characteristic vigour. On Sunday he 
dispatched the following letter to parents: 

"I regret to inform you that the School burned down last night. 
No one was injured in any way; and all the boys are comfortably 
housed, with friends in the town. Arrangements are being made 
to obtain the St. Lawrence Hall, in Port Hope, and to carry on 
the work of the School, with only a day or two's interruption." 

On Monday, the town council met, passed a resolution of 
sympathy, and approved a grant of $1000 for the purchase of 
furniture for the St. Lawrence Hall. By the following Monday, 
School life was once more proceeding at almost normal pace with 
classes in the Town Hall and the old Bank of Toronto building. 
Only one of the 115 boys enrolled in the School failed to return 


when classes resumed. Early in March the Governing Body ap- 
proved the plans of Mr. Frank Darling, the architect, for a new 
School at a cost not to exceed $70,000 and by June construction 
of the new building began. The cost was met by the insurance 
and a $25,000 loan. Subscriptions to a building fund amounted 
to less than $400. The fire, however, had emphasized the need for 
a water pumping system for the town. As part of the condition 
that T.C.S. would rebuild in Port Hope, the council agreed to 
build a water tower for a gravity pressure system which was now 
to extend directly to the School grounds. 

The almost total destruction of the School had surprisingly 
little adverse effect on daily routine. In fact, the year 1895 was 
notable for one of the best football and cricket teams in School 
history. The football team won their match from Upper Canada 
under the captaincy of 'Seppi' DuMoulin, and the cricket team 
won ten of their eleven matches, scoring in the process 1 173 runs 
to their opponents' 764. In an article on the history of T.C.S. 
cricket in Athletic Life for August 1895, "a brilliant victory over 
Upper Canada" was recorded as one of the highlights of the 
season the first in ten years on U.C.C. grounds. Dr. Bethune is 
commended for "taking as keen an interest in cricket as any one 
of the boys themselves". Further stimulus to the game was given 
by the T.C.S. Rovers' tour of 1897, organized by Mr. Watson. So 
high was the scoring in the six matches played that, with the 
exception of two matches, the Rovers never completed their own 
innings. Two centuries were made, one by W. H. Cooper 
('8o-'85) with 118 runs not out, and one by Dyce Saunders 
('7 1" 7 9) 1O1 retired, and an excellent stand by Alexis Martin 
('83-'89) who missed a century in the London match by only 
three runs. The only century of the previous tour had been made 
by A. C. Allan ('77-'83). 

The new four-storey building was ready for occupancy in 
October. A new and beautiful Chapel extended to the east, more 
lofty and stately than its predecessor, and under it was the Dining 
Hall. The whole structure was thought to be as nearly fireproof 
as possible. It was divided into five fireproof sections, roofed with 
slate, with iron staircases closed by iron gates. Unfortunately, the 
latter created a gloomy atmosphere that persisted until their 


removal shortly after Dr. Orchard became Headmaster. With the 
most modern plumbing, steam heating, gas and electric lighting, 
however, it was considered by The American Journal of Health 
to be "an outstanding example of modern school construction". 
In 1898, to provide better sports facilities, the Headmaster and 
the staff defrayed the expense of a covered rink, "built almost 
entirely by our own exertions". In the same year a fives court was 
added to the gymnasium and on February 25, at 6.55 p.m., the 
first copy of The Record saw the light of day under the watchful 
eye of Mr. Watson. 

That summer, Dr. Bethune's wife was killed in a tragic cab 
accident when the horses bolted down Mill Street. Fearing they 
might run into the lake, as had sometimes happened, she jumped 
and was killed almost instantly. Finally the horses responded to 
the driver's control and came to a halt short of the lake. Had she 
stayed in the cab she would have escaped unhurt. Despite his 
deep distress at his wife's death, Dr. Bethune carried on for 
another year. But in 1899, feeling the need for relief from the 
strain and anxiety of his position, he submitted his resignation to 
the Board, expressing the hope that a younger man might restore 
the School to a healthy economic position. He reported that 
numbers had fallen from 134 in 1893 to 78 at the end of the 
current School year, and that the School had been operating at 
a deficit ever since 1895. 

The situation at T.C.S. as outlined by Dr. Bethune was an 
accurate economic barometer of the country at large. The hopes 
of the Fathers of Confederation had been frustrated by the vast 
expansion in the western American hinterland which had wit- 
nessed unparalleled growth. In Canada, the dawn of economic 
prosperity was just around the corner as European conditions 
took a turn for the better, but in 1899 there was little evidence 
to support an optimistic view of the future. Dr. Bethune made 
several very sound recommendations for the future well-being of 
the School in respect to masters' salaries and a scholarship pro- 
gramme. As a result, salaries of new men were increased from 
$450 per annum to a maximum of $700. There was no pension 


scheme. Fees now stood at $300, an increase of only $100 in 
twenty-five years. 1 

At the next meeting of the Board, Dr. Bethune was elected a 
life member. The Board also put on record their deep appre- 
ciation of his outstanding achievements during the twenty-nine 
years he had served the School: "Appointed in 1870 at a time 
when the School was in financial difficulties, without permanent 
buildings and with a very small number of boys, he leaves it in 
1899 with a magnificent site of twenty acres and one of the best 
appointed buildings for its purpose in the country, a property 
valued at close on $100,000 above the liabilities of the School. 

"The success which has marked his incumbency of office has 
been due to his wise financial management and his untiring 
attention to all the details of a very onerous and responsible 

"Year after year the boys leaving the school have taken the 
highest standing at the Royal Military College and the univer- 
sities of the Dominion and of England and the United States, 
whilst many of those who have entered professions are rapidly 
rising to the highest positions in the vocations which they have 
selected for their life's work. 

"Dr. Bethune's high standard of honour and duty carried out 
uniformly in all matters small and great has had a most beneficial 
effect on the morale of the School, and has impressed on the great 
majority of the boys who have spent their school days under his 
charge, a character for gentlemanly conduct and straightforward 
dealing which has reflected credit on the School wherever the 
boys of Trinity College School are known and that is practically 
in all parts of the world." 

Famous Old Boys 

It was no exaggeration to suggest that T.C.S. boys of the previous 
three decades would make their mark on the world at large. The 
Church was to be enriched by the lives of such eminent men as 

ifiy 1918 this figure was doubled. In 1950 fees had almost doubled again. By 1965 
they were more than 11 times the fee of 1865. 


the Rt. Rev. C. P. Anderson ('82-'83), Bishop of Chicago; the Rt. 
Rev. L. W. B. Broughall ('88-'g4), Bishop of Niagara; the Rt. 
Rev. C. H. Brent ('8o-'8i), senior chaplain of the American 
Expeditionary Force, Bishop of the Philippines and one of the 
first crusaders for Christian unity; the Rt. Rev. Frank DuMoulin, 
Bishop of Ohio; Archbishop R. J. Renison ('SS-'gg), Bishop of 
Moosonee and Metropolitan of the Diocese of Ontario; and 
Canon H. H. Bedford-Jones ('82-'86), Principal of Bishop's Uni- 

Other Old Boys were to win distinction in the Imperial Army, 
including Major General Sir W. Throsby Bridges, K.C.B., 
C.M.G., ('73-'77), G.O.C. the Australian Forces; Sir George Kirk- 
patrick, K.C.B., K.C.S.I., ('76-'7g), G.O.C. the British Forces in 
India; Major General V. A. S. Williams, C.M.G., ('76-'8o); 
Brig. General Edmund M. Morris, C.B., C.M.G., ('83-'86) f G.O.C. 
the British Army of occupation in Egypt; Lt. General Sir A. C. 
Macdonell, K.C.B., C.M., C.M.G., D.S.O., ('77-'82), commander 
of the First Canadian Division and later Commandant of the 
R.M.C.; Major General Sir C. C. van Straubenzee, C.M.G., 
('78-'83), G.O.C. the tenth Army Corps, B.E.F., later Inspector 
General of the Royal Artillery; Major General H. P. Leader, 
C.B., ('8o-'83), Inspector General of Cavalry in India; Brig. Gen- 
eral D. S. Maclnnes, C.M.G., D.S.O., Legion of Honour, and 
Russian Order of St. Stanislaus ('86-'87); Brig. General Wm. 
Frederick Sweny, C.M.G., D.S.O., ('88-'8g); and Col. Duncan 
F. Campbell, D.S.O., ('87-^3), O.C. the Third Black Watch and 
the first soldier to take his seat in the British House of Commons 
in uniform. 

The legal profession also received its quota of notable men 
such as the Hon. Archer Martin ('78-'82), Chief Justice of the 
Appeal Court of British Columbia, the Hon. P. A. Irving 
('7i-'74), Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia, 
D'Alton L. McCarthy, LL.D. ('8o-'86), President of the Canadian 
Bar Association, and G. B. Strathy, LL.D. ('g5-'g7), Chancellor 
of Trinity University. Several took an active part in politics: 
W. Seymour Edwards ('72-'74) became a U.S. senator; A. C. Foster 
Boulton ('78) defeated the British Minister of Agriculture to 
become a Member of Parliament for North Hants.; Maitland 


S. McCarthy ('Sg-'go) won a seat in the Canadian House of Com- 
mons as a member for Calgary; and Lionel H. Clarke (*72-'75) 
became Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario. The poet Archibald 
Lampman ('76-'7g) won an international reputation as did 
Whitney Mockridge ('76-'8o), an internationally acclaimed opera 
singer. Dr. C. D. Parfitt ('87-'9o) became internationally famous 
as a specialist in chest diseases. As an inventor, Reginald Fes- 
senden ('77-'8i) was to be compared with Marconi and Edison in 

Still other Old Boys made their mark in the world of business, 
so many, in fact, that it is invidious to name even a few such as 
C. A. Bogert ('78-'8i), F. Gordon Osier ('87-'g2), R. C. H. Cassels 
('8g-'93), Dudley Dawson ('8g-'g3), Norman Seagram ('go-'g3), 
the Osbornes, H. C. ('88-'g2), and Lt. Col. J. Ewart K. ('g2-'g5), 
the Martins, E. K. C. ('78-^), D'A. R. C. ('8i-'86), and A. F. R. 
('83-'8g), R. P. Jellett ('g2-'g7), the Labatts, John ('gi-'g6) and 
Hugh ('g8-'oi), and Senator G. H. Barnard ( J 82-'85). Other well 
known Old Boys included Dyce W. Saunders ('77-'7g), a cricketer 
of international distinction, S. S. DuMoulin ('8g-'g6), "the patri- 
arch of Canadian football", and Dr. W. E. Tucker ('87-'gi), also 
a distinguished footballer. 

Such men gave flesh and blood to the traditions that distin- 
guished the School on the Hill and enhanced its growing reputa- 
tion. There is no better measure of Dr. Bethune's true stature as 
a Headmaster. 


A Period of Transition 

The Rev. R. Edmunds Jones, Headmaster, 1899-1901 

EFFORTS TO FIND a successor to Dr. Bethune occupied 
the attention of the Governing Body during the whole 
summer of 1899 but on August 30 it was publicly an- 
nounced that the Rev. Richard Edmunds Jones had received the 
appointment. Mr. Jones had been a scholar of Jesus College, 
Oxford; Headmaster of the Lodge School, Barbados; Warden of 
the Diocesan School, Bangor; and for four years prior to his 
Canadian appointment was classical master at Oundle School. 
He told a gathering of Old Boys he had received his ideas about 
discipline while serving under the Bishop of Bangor who was 
severe in his methods but much beloved by his pupils. Mr. Jones 
felt he might have some little difficulty at first in applying his 
experience to Canadian boys, but he hoped and believed he 
would succeed. 

At the end of two years, though he gained a reputation as an 
expert with the cane, he had difficulty winning the loyalty of both 
staff and boys. He did manage, however, to raise the level of 
scholarship in the School. In pursuit of this objective, he ap- 
pointed F. J. A. Morris to the staff as head of Classics in 1900 and 
for ten years the School benefited from his excellence as a teacher 
and his strong support of a Field Club for nature study. The 
enthusiasm he created is reflected in a report of activities for 
1907: "We don't think much of a collection of 200 beetles of 
different species and a collection of 300 would not be surprising". 
He was a worthy successor to the Founder and Dr. Bethune who 
had respectively created and sustained the interest of many boys 


in the study of natural history. His book Our Wild Orchids, pub- 
lished in 1928, is still a classic in its field. 

In the lower Forms at this time, teaching was done on a system 
that inculcated the facts but would today be considered primi- 
tive. The boys sat on benches in what soon became an order of 
ability. The fact that their pants stuck to Byam's red paint when 
they tried to get up added to the general discomfort. And when 
three of them rose at the same instant, reported Mr. Jellett, the 
bench went with them. The boy on the first bench on the master's 
left was the head boy. Instruction was carried out orally by ques- 
tion and answer. If the head boy answered a question correctly 
the master would ask another of the boy next to him, and so on 
down the class. The first boy who answered a question that had 
been missed then got up and took the place of the boy who had 
first failed to answer. Theoretically a question of the head boy 
might go all the way down the class and be answered by the boy 
at the foot of the class who would then come all the way up. A 
handy cane sometimes aided the forgetful. Canadian education 
was to continue in this mould for another generation. The influ- 
ence of John Dewey was slow to make itself felt in the classrooms 
north of the border. 

Eight months after Mr. Jones assumed office, the Rev. G. H. 
Broughall resigned to become Headmaster of the Toronto 
Church School. For thirteen years he had taken a leading part in 
the life of the School both as an assistant master and House- 
master. His resignation, said The Record, "caused the deepest 
feelings of regret in the minds of all those who are interested in its 
welfare, and much anxiety as to what the future may bring 
forth". The same issue of The Record spoke in even more glow- 
ing terms of Mr. W. H. Nightingale whose resignation had also 
been submitted. He had won the hearts of the boys in his thirteen 
years at T.C.S. and when they returned as Old Boys, his rooms 
became their invariable resort for the duration of their visit. In 
April 1901, the Headmaster himself resigned and two weeks later 
it was announced that the Rev. Herbert Symonds, D.D., would 
succeed him. 

The two years of Mr. Jones' Headmastership coincided with 
the period of the Boer War and many of the columns of The 


Record were devoted to the exploits of the T.C.S. Old Boys who 
took part in it. Of the fifty-four Old Boys known to have enlisted, 
four were killed. Thirteen were decorated for gallantry or dis- 
tinguished service. The relief of Ladysmith and Kimberley were 
both occasions for lively demonstrations at the School as classes 
were dismissed and the day given up to sports and the evening 
to a sing-song at which "much of the superabundance of spirits 
had an opportunity to expend itself". The war itself had brought 
about renewed interest in the Cadet Corps which was formed in 
1900 with 60 members dressed in khaki and armed "with rifles 
of various weights". The good news of Mafeking was hailed "with 
boisterous glee" and the Cadet Corps, we are told, "seized their 
rifles, fired off some rounds of blank cartridge, and then drilled 
themselves tired". 

Enthusiastic support of cricket was also a feature of the year 
1900 and led to an eminently successful season. T. D. Garvey and 
F. T. Lucas, the captain, excelled at bat, while Marvine Rathbun 
and Lucas bore the brunt of the bowling. When Ridley were 
unable to put the side out in the second innings, the match was 
decided on the first innings, a close 69-66 victory. In the U.C.C. 
match a week later, Rathbun took five wickets for 22, and Lucas 
four for 25. When the last U.C.C. wicket fell, the College had 
scored only 48 runs. Confidence was running high as T.C.S. went 
in to bat but the situation began to look grim as the first two 
wickets fell without a single run being scored. Then Lucas and 
Hugh Labatt formed a partnership and the score began to 
mount. In the end Lucas was run out as the innings closed for a 
total of 89 runs. When U.C.C. were dismissed for 32 runs in their 
second innings, the School had won by an innings and nine runs. 
Once again Rathbun's bowling had been exceptional, as he took 
seven wickets for 16 runs, Lucas taking three wickets for the 
same number of runs. 

The following autumn, football prospects, which had begun 
to look encouraging under the captaincy of Marvine Rathbun, 
were shattered as the team prepared to leave for the Ridley match 
in Toronto. Just as the heavy, horse-drawn vehicle started down 
the Ward Street hill, much steeper then than it is today, the pole- 
straps broke and the bus careered down the hill gathering 


momentum as it went. It came to an abrupt halt as it hit the ditch 
at the bottom of the hill and overturned. When the boys finally 
managed to extricate themselves in the darkness and the rain, no 
one seemed seriously injured. A trunk which had fallen on W. R. 
Kirk's head left him with nothing worse than scalp wounds. But 
the following day it was discovered that W. H. Bevan had injured 
his ankle and S. A. Paschal his leg. Neither was able to play and 
any hope of winning the match evaporated since they were key 
men in the scrimmage. The result was a 35-0 victory for Ridley. 
The team, reported The Record sadly, had never played worse 
even in practice. No mention was made of the fact that they had 
spent an almost sleepless night as the aftermath of their hair- 
raising ride. 

Road transportation at this time was slow as well as hazardous, 
despite the absence of the automobile. Indeed, conditions at the 
turn of the century were little better than they had been in 1859 
when the Port Hope Guide lamented the loss of "horses, waggons 
and valuable lives in the fathomless abyss of mud". No very 
noticeable improvement occurred until about 1926 when better 
surfacing was made inevitable by the increase of motor cars. 
What improvements did occur were often financed by tolls levied 
illegally by private road builders. 

Under such conditions, the School made few trips away. One 
of the exceptions was a Littleside football excursion to Lakefield 
in 1898. The boys rose at 5.30 a.m. in high spirits to begin a day 
that got them to Lakefield by bus and train in time for lunch six 
hours later. Then came the game, dinner, and a nine mile drive 
in the moonlight to catch the train at Peterborough. Included in 
"the sleepy lot of boys" who eventually arrived back at school 
were C. J. S. Stuart, now Canon Stuart, J. R. Francis, L. R. Avery, 
Morgan Carry, R. J. Ridout, and F. G. McLaren. 

Half-holidays and free afternoons often found the boys off to 
the country for a walk or a swim. The most popular spots in- 
cluded the shinny bush, Duck Harbour and the old iron bridge. 
A visit to Ravenscourt at one time produced apple pie and cream, 
for Mrs. Philp closed the Tuck for the Sabbath. But Ravenscourt, 
once a stately county home northeast of the School, fell upon 
evil days and stories of ghosts now lured the boys there on 


nocturnal visits. One ghostly legend grew on the fiction that a 
previous owner had murdered his beautiful wife and thrown her 
body into the well. It was finally dispelled. Two boys, fed on 
fearful tales of moaning spectres, took up their lonely vigil, only 
to discover the ghost was a homeless goat, foraging in the vicinity 
and giving voice to his disapproval of their intrusion. Except for 
organized games, the boys were largely left to their own devices 
after school, for as one Old Boy put it, "the masters retired to 
their tobacco and their books and we didn't see them again until 
the next day". 

The Rev. Herbert Symonds, D.D., Headmaster 1901-1903 

Dr. Symonds, who was born in England in 1860, came to Canada 
after completing his secondary school education and attended 
Trinity College, Toronto. He had a distinguished career there 
and after being ordained in 1887 became a Fellow and Lecturer 
at Trinity. In 1892, he gave up his professorship as Doctor of 
Divinity to become rector of Ashburnham, Peterborough, a 
charge he left to become Headmaster of T.C.S. in 1901. 

With characteristic vigour, Dr. Symonds set about the task of 
rebuilding the prestige of the School. Numbers had dropped to 
fewer than 60 boys and deficit budgeting was the order of the 
day. Almost his first act was to persuade Mr. Nightingale to re- 
turn as Housemaster. He retained Messrs. Morris, Green and 
Archbold on the staff and engaged Mr. W. R. Hibbard, a first 
class honour graduate in mathematics, and Mr. F. J. Sawers who 
had been a Wellington scholar at Trinity College. The next year 
he engaged Mr. S. L. Miller to take charge of science since for 
the past year or two boys had gone to the Port Hope High School 
for their science classes. Mr. Miller gained a high place in the 
affection of the boys during the next ten years and after he left, 
as a mark of esteem, the S. L. Miller Fund was established by a 
group of Old Boys to provide books for the School library. 
Scholarships and bursaries were increased by Dr. Symonds, the 
Old Boys' Association was invited to take a more active part in 
School affairs, and a Ladies' Guild was established. Dr. Symonds 
went about the province speaking, interesting parents, and mak- 


ing friends for the School through his great personal charm and 
earnestness. He also devoted himself to the task of beautifying 
the interior of the Chapel which had remained a mere shell since 
the rebuilding in 1895. 

Within the year numbers at the School increased to 87 and 
Dr. Symonds became anxious to establish a Junior School, pos- 
sibly as a separate establishment. Provost Macklem of Trinity 
College went even further and proposed a series of Trinity 
Schools to be achieved by the amalgamation of several institu- 
tions now struggling to maintain their independence in the midst 
of increasing competition among themselves. Dr. Symonds was 
much more attracted to such an administrative post than he was 
to his present position but the plan failed to win financial sup- 
port. Then, too, his strong stand on theological matters brought 
open criticism in the press from his opponents. So heated were 
the controversies generated by these differences that the former 
rector of St. Mark's, Port Hope, wrote an indignant letter to the 
Globe in support of Dr. Symonds. He referred to "one rev. gentle- 
man (who) went so far as to say that he would as soon send his 
son to a rattlesnake's den as entrust him to the new headmaster's 
care". In May 1903, knowing that such malicious publicity could 
harm the School, Dr. Symonds requested to be released from his 
post as Headmaster to accept an urgent and unanimous invita- 
tion to become rector of Christ Church Cathedral, Montreal. It 
was characteristic of Dr. Symonds' interest in the School that he 
sent beautifully illuminated cards to recent T.C.S. graduates at 
McGill, inviting them to attend the Cathedral. On the cards were 
engraved the following lines from Philippians 4:8 

"Finally, brethren, 

Whatsoever things are true, 

Whatsoever things are honest, 

Whatsoever things are just, 

Whatsoever things are pure, 

Whatsoever things are lovely, 

Whatsoever things are of good report; 
If there be any virtue, 
And if there be any praise, 

Think on these things." 


The Board of Governors accepted Dr. Symond's resignation 
with regret. At a special meeting on May 11, they approved the 
appointment of Professor Oswald Rigby as Headmaster. 


The Rev. Oswald Rigby 

The Rev. Oswald Rigby, Headmaster 1903-1913 

THE APPOINTMENT of the Rev. Oswald Rigby as Head- 
master brought to Trinity College School a man who had 
established a wide reputation as an outstanding history 
teacher and an able administrator at Trinity College, Toronto. 
Born in England in 1859, he graduated with honours in theology 
from Cambridge University where he gained the distinction of 
being elected President of the Union, the University Debating 
Society. After four years' pastoral work in England, he was ap- 
pointed professor of History at Trinity University in 1891 and 
within a year became Dean of Residence, following the retire- 
ment of Dr. Jones who for so many years had played a decisive 
role in the administration of the School's affairs. In his duties, Dr. 
Rigby had the unfailing support of his wife, the former Ellen 
Patteson, Principal of St. Hilda's College, whose graciousness, 
hospitality and kindness made the Lodge a haven and a refuge 
for many a lonely boy. When Dean Rigby gave up his post at 
Trinity, the College had the consolation of knowing that T.C.S. 
would have at its head "a thorough disciplinarian in the best 
sense, one who loves boys and young men, one under whom boys 
may become manly and honourable". For several years, as an 
ex-officio member of the Board of Governors, he had taken a close 
interest in the School and had created a very favourable impres- 
sion upon the boys when he gave readings or preached in Chapel. 
His exceptional contribution to education was recognized by 
Queen's University which conferred on him an honorary LL.D. 
in November 1903. 



From the beginning, his Headship marked a favourable turn 
in the fortunes of the School. The Canadian "wheat boom" was 
by now making itself felt in all sectors of the economy. As a result 
of Dr. Symonds' vigorous action, School enrolment had passed 
the 100 mark in September 1903, almost double the number in 
the School two years before. Dr. Rigby also inherited an efficient 
staff made even stronger when he persuaded Dr. H. J. H. Petry 
to join him. Dr. Petry had been for twelve years Headmaster of 
Bishop's College School where he had been known as a capable 
and efficient teacher. His reputation had been enhanced among 
the boys as a former captain of school and college cricket and 
football teams and he took a keen interest in all sports. His 
talents as organist and choir master were to be of great service 
as he took on these duties as well. In his reminiscences written 
before his death in 1933, Dr. Rigby recalled vividly the beauty 
of the singing in Chapel during the many years that Dr. Petry 
trained the Choir. Another addition to the staff at this time was 
Mr. H. P. Boyle, also of Bishop's College, who took charge of 
the Junior Department in the School. 

During his tenure of office, Dr. Rigby consolidated the strength 
of the School and made substantial additions to its facilities. At 
one point, numbers reached an all time high of 150 boys. The 
large debt was reduced and costly improvements introduced, in- 
cluding a covered rink erected by the Old Boys. The hospital was 
completely remodelled and equipped, a new drainage system 
introduced, and the landed property of the School more than 
doubled. He continued the work begun by Dr. Symonds and the 
Ladies' Guild, and the Chapel was beautified with memorial 
stained-glass windows and other adornments. As a result of 
correspondence with the Empire League early in 1904, T.C.S. 
entered into an affiliation with Westminster School, a relation- 
ship that survives today largely through the tradition of the 
'pancake toss' introduced by Dr. Orchard in 1914. During his 
years, too, the School held championships in cricket for four 
years and in football for three. The name of T.C.S. was very 
much in the news as a result. 

In 1907, the School was honoured by the first visit of a Gov- 
ernor General. On Speech Day, held for the first time in the 


autumn, Earl Grey, donor of the Grey Cup, made the occasion, 
in the words of the Headmaster, "the greatest day in the history 
of the School". He was welcomed by a Guard of Honour, smartly 
turned out in their newly acquired navy blue uniforms with red 
stripes. In his speech, which was widely quoted in the press, Earl 
Grey made a number of forthright remarks about Canadian 
athletics. "I have been shocked sometimes", he said, "at the 
conspicuous disregard for fair play in sports in Canada", and he 
urged the boys to give no countenance to those who did not play 
the game fairly. Among the boys listening to him, undoubtedly 
with concentration, were Peter Campbell and Jack Maynard who 
both added greatly to the lustre of Canadian sportsmanship in the 
years ahead. 

'Oz', a typically affectionate title given Dr. Rigby by the boys, 
had the faculty of understanding youth, and his breadth of out- 
look was gratefully remembered by "swarms of irresponsible 
boys" who passed through his hands. It was, therefore, with sur- 
prise and deep regret that the boys and masters learned from 
Dr. Rigby at Easter in 1913 that he intended to retire. His close 
friends, however, had been aware of his intention for many 
months. A year before, his wife had become incurably ill with a 
heart condition and her death on March 16, 1913, dealt him, in 
the words of Professor Bridger, "a shattering blow". Few more 
poignant memories remain, said the writer, than her funeral 
service on that early spring day in the School Chapel filled by the 
boys she loved and who loved her. Following his retirement from 
the Headship, Dr. Rigby became the rector of St. Mark's, Port 
Hope, and there in 1932, a few months before his death, he com- 
pleted fifty years in the ministry. 

A Decade of Athletic Triumphs 

In 1902, it became possible for the first time to speak of Little 
Big Four athletic competition, for in that year T.C.S. played 
against St. Andrew's College in both football and cricket. Al- 
though the history of Ridley College credits the School with a 
football championship in 1 900, the team lost to both Ridley and 
U.C.C. that season and did not win its first Little Big Four 


Championship until 1908. With captain Peter Campbell back 
for another year and "a new set of signals", the team was opti- 
mistic from the beginning. The game against St. Andrew's 
resulted in the first T.C.S. victory since the two teams began to 
compete with each other in 1902. The excellent quarterbacking 
of Campbell, Jack Maynard's kicking, W. L. Taylor's running 
and Max Reid's bucking were the main features of the game. 
Against Ridley, the team got off to a poor start as B.R.C. scored 
the first touchdown, but a 'trick' play at the kick off enabled 
Campbell to even the score at 5-5 after a fine run down the touch- 
line. Good play by all the backs along with the bucking of 
S. A. Kayll and George Ross brought the final score to 28-7 for 
the School. On November i, the School attended the final game 
against U.C.C. in Toronto. The teams were almost evenly 
matched, both having won their first two games. By half time the 
score was 7-2 in favour of T.C.S., a lead they held onto despite 
the strong opposition. The game ended in a 14-4 victory and the 
School's first Little Big Four championship. Brilliant runs by 
Campbell accounted for two touchdowns, while Maynard's kick- 
ing "was by far the best on the field". Reg Dempster as fullback 
saved the team time after time. The work of the wings George 
Laing, Ross and Kayll, and centre Styx Macaulay also figured 
prominently in the victory as did the fine work of Buck Pearce, 
"a sure tackle". 

The 1908 team established records that have rarely been 
equalled. They won thirteen games with no losses and ended the 
season by beating the Lindsay O.R.F.U. champions. After leav- 
ing T.C.S., Peter Campbell and Jack Maynard captained the 
Varsity team in successive years, George Laing captained McGill 
and Styx Macaulay captained R.M.C. then in the Intercollegiate. 
In the one year, 1912, T.C.S. Old Boys captained three of the 
Intercollegiate teams, on which six members of the 1908 team 
were playing. Frank Shaughnessey, coaching genius of the McGill 
team at that time, attributed the McGill Championship of 1912 
largely to George Laing's ability to intercept passes and convert 
them into touchdowns. "That was the main reason for the failure 
of the famous Campbell-Maynard combination to round Mc- 
Gill's ends," he declared. 


In 1910, under the experienced captaincy of Styx Macaulay, 
T.C.S. once more won through to the Championship. The open- 
ing game against Ridley featured an 80 yard run by Macaulay 
as the team won by a score of 20-14. The St. Andrew's game, won 
by a score of 14-4, featured long runs by E. O. Martin, L. L. 
Lindsay, Macaulay and S. F. Fisken. The U.C.C. game was ac- 
claimed in the press as the most exciting football game ever 
played in Toronto, "with the possible exception of Casey 
Baldwin's victory over the Rough Riders in 1905". "The Trinity 
team", the account continued, "is one of the greatest line- 
bucking teams that ever stepped on a Canadian gridiron". 
Lindsay, the kicking and running back, and Macaulay again 
played an outstanding game. The outcome was in doubt up to 
the moment that Lindsay's kick, with less than 6 minutes to play, 
tied the score at 10 all. The tense excitement on the field con- 
tinued into the overtime when a 'sensational' end run by Martin 
combined with Lindsay's brilliant kicking brought victory to 
T.C.S. by a score of 18-16. The All Star team then selected for 
the year included seven players from T.C.S. E. O. Martin, L. L. 
Lindsay, N. H. Macaulay, R. Hebden, D. Greer, R. Urch and 
R. Hinckley. 

The following year, T.C.S. once again won the Little Big Four 
championship, as Harry Symons, captain and quarterback, led 
his team to victory, with wins for the most part close U.C.C. 
21-14, S.A.C. 12-10, and B.R.C. 16-2. The All Star team for the 
year included five T.C.S. players: S. F. Fisken as fullback; H. E. 
Cochran, left outside; G. H. S. Aylen, left middle; A. F. Voght, 
as centre scrim; and quarterback and captain, H. L. Symons, 
"undoubtedly the best quarterback in the league". 

The resurgence of cricket during these years brought four 
championships to T.C.S. As in football, the first cricket match 
against St. Andrew's College took place in 1902, the only school 
game of the year which T.C.S. won. The following year under 
the captaincy of S. A. Paschal, the team hit up an impressive 134 
runs against Ridley, winning on the first innings when A. E. 
Jukes took five wickets for 3 runs. The season of 1904 was one of 
the most impressive in T.C.S. cricket history as Dean Rhodes, 
Head Boy and Bronze Medallist, led his team to the champion- 


ship, losing only one match during the season. The next year saw 
the School still at the top as they tied U.C.C. under the captaincy 
of R. A. Stone but it was not until 1907 that T.C.S. once more 
took undisputed possession of the title, led by Alan Campbell. 
B. A. Rhodes was already showing strong form as a batsman and 
in the U.C.C. game scored 82 runs not out. For the next two years 
he captained the team as T.C.S. captured two more Little Big 
Four championships. Rhodes' most outstanding performance as 
a batsman took place in the Ridley match of 1908 when he scored 
117 of the 217 runs for the side. It was claimed to be the first 
century scored in school matches since the sixties when the 
honour had fallen to a U.C.C. player. This same year, four Old 
Boys were chosen to represent Canada in the International 
Cricket Match in July as members of the Toronto Zingari Cricket 
Club. Contributing to the Club's record of five matches drawn 
and one win were P. D. Henderson, Norman Seagram, S. R. 
Saunders and G. L. Ingles. In 1909, the second year in which the 
first team lost only the Old Boys' match, colours were recorded 
for the first time. All eleven members of the team received them, 
including B. A. Rhodes, C. Conyers, N. Conyers, J. C. Maynard, 
G. Laing, R. C. Dempster, G. C. Teter' Campbell, A. L. Demp- 
ster, C. Martin, W. L. K. Pearce and J. M. Reid. 

Hockey, too, was in the ascendancy. "It is the most popular 
sport among the boys", The Record reported in 1908, "and up 
to this year has not received the encouragement to which it is 
entitled." The team of 1908, "in a far higher class than either 
St. Andrew's or Upper Canada College", entered the Junior 
Intercollegiate League, and lost out to R.M.C. by the narrow 
margin of one goal in the last minute of play. Members of this 
exceptional team were G. C. Peter Campbell, captain, G. Drum- 
mond, E. Pinkham, D. McGibbon, R. Ball, K. Drummond, 
J. C. Maynard and D. A. Hay. Hockey continued to be a 
favourite sport and generated so much enthusiasm among the 
Old Boys that a campaign for funds was launched and in Febru- 
ary 1 9 1 2 a spacious new covered rink was officially opened. 

The popular gym instructor, Mr. Stirling, introduced wrest- 
ling as a major gym activity about this time and was instru- 
mental in reviving an interest in basketball which gained con- 


siderable prominence as an off-season sport. Chess, too, became 
popular and a Challenge Trophy was presented by R. V. Harris 
who had taken part in a correspondence game with Bishop's 
College, Lennoxville, in 1898 when the Rev. G. H. Broughall 
had kindled an interest in the game. 

Problems of Administration 

Despite the renewed prestige that accompanied the athletic 
triumphs of Dr. Rigby's era, the Headmaster was continually 
harassed by administrative problems occasioned by obsolete 
equipment, contaminated water supply and sanitation, the latter 
being responsible for recurrent outbreaks of diphtheria and 
scarlet fever. One problem in particular became acute at times be- 
cause of the gas lighting which, with the exception of the Chapel, 
was used throughout the School. Blowing down the pipes became 
a pleasant evening pastime as a means of putting out the lights in 
the study hall. The gas lines also provided a convenient high bar 
right in a boy's own room, but they had not been designed for 
this particular purpose and created one more problem for the 
master on duty. Even the Chapel was not immune. The organ 
was pumped by hand and the solemnity of the music lay ulti- 
mately in the zeal and alertness of the pumper whose occasional 
lapses from grace were deplorable. Even the gift of an electric 
organ blower by R. P. Jellett in 1918 did not entirely solve the 
problem. On one occasion during the early 19205, a large number 
of New Boys suddenly took to chewing gum. The purpose was 
not discovered until an investigation after the Chapel service 
revealed that the initials of a member of the choir had been 
carved into the bellows so deeply, that to stop the air escaping, 
the holes had been plugged with gum. Officially, the episode was 
attributed to a power failure and the Choir carried on "credit- 
ably" unaccompanied. 

'Copper Sunday' was one custom of these years that the boys 
approved thoroughly. Every boy was to give as many coppers as 
he could collect, and they were of course large coins in those 
days. The collection was taken up by senior boys using red cloth 
bags which they held by a small projection at the top. In no time 


the plight of the collectors became desperate. They were getting 
so many coppers that the bags would hardly hold the staggering 
load. The Headmaster thoroughly disapproved of the practice, 
but could never find a suitable reason for abolishing such gen- 
erous alms-giving. 

After a sudden outbreak of diphtheria in 1906, investigation 
and recommendations were made by the Department of Health. 
Under the supervision of Dr. Arthur Jukes Johnson, a new hos- 
pital was completed the same year with accommodation for two 
nurses and twenty boys with an isolation ward that could handle 
two kinds of infectious disease at the same time. But when it was 
thought the health problems had been solved, a serious outbreak 
of scarlet fever and typhoid occurred again in 1909 and 1912. 
Chlorination of the water supply was still some years away. The 
new hospital, however, did much to alleviate the seriousness of 
the situation. 

As the school grew in size, academic standards tended to slip, 
a situation that was aggravated in 1910 when the University of 
Toronto raised its standards. The following year, the Head- 
master felt it advisable to call in Mr. J. A. Houston, Inspector 
for the Department of Education. In October 1911, he sub- 
mitted his report, recommending major changes. In particular, 
he advocated improving the teaching staff, and specialization in 
teaching rather than the system currently in vogue where each 
master taught a whole form in all subjects. 

Although a number of changes in staff were made, the Head- 
master found it difficult to recruit Canadian teachers and fre- 
quently those from England found it difficult to adapt to Ca- 
nadian ways. The major problems were solved, however, and Dr. 
Rigby's action laid the groundwork for future academic suc- 

The Rebellion of 1912 

With the largest School in history, overcrowding was inevitable 
and the older boys raised objections to conforming to rules that 
had to be made for the younger boys of the School. More speci- 
fically they wanted the privilege of wearing "respectable soft 


collars". Their mood was much the mood of 1868 when the boys 
found the wearing of a School cap intolerable. As a result there 
occurred the famous 'Rebellion' of November 18, 1912. The 
diary of Paul Bigwood ('lo-'ig) 1 gives a vivid account of the 

"Stone came into our room at 5.15 and woke John Skinner, 
Tom Coldwell, Sam Ellison and myself. Knowing the cause, it 
was not long before we were out of bed, shivering in the cold, 
putting on our clothes. When we all had dressed warmly we 
went around to the other rooms and woke the bigger fellows up, 
telling those that did not know the plot. They were all eager. 
When everyone was ready, the doors were held open by chairs, 
and 70 boys walked out of the School by the back stairs to the 
gym where they put on their boots we had arranged to meet 
behind the rink. No one failed us. All was ready. I left the fellows 
and went into the School to see where John Skinner was, found 
him and when we came out the others had started. We ran after 
them and caught them on the Canadian Northern tracks (now 
an abandoned right of way behind Boulden House). We all 
walked along the tracks, crossing the small wooden road bridge 
and got apples from some of the boys. A halt was called here and 
John Skinner and myself were picked out to speak to the boys 
as to what should be done in case Mr. Boyle (Billy) met us in 
Cobourg. Our plan was to defy him. It was accepted with cheers. 
On the 70 marched once more, singing, yelling and enjoying 

"The Ravenscourt Rd. was continued until Cobourg Rd was 
reached then we Stone, Ellison, Skinner, myself, got the fellows 
in single file and I played the mouth organ for them. It was thrill- 
ing 70, all told, in single file. Some string! Several halts were 
called as, thinking of the day before us, we did not want the 
smaller ones to get tired. Among these halts one was used to 
collect all the money we could so as to prevent any mistakes at 
breakfast. The boys were very generous and everyone helped the 
other who was broke. Before entering Cobourg, single file was 
again maintained and yells continued the most prominent 
being 'Varsity' and 'McGill'. Gordon Crowther who was with 
us and lived in Cobourg, knew several people which helped us 

iPaul Bigwood served as an airman in the Royal Flying Corps during World War 
I and was killed in action on June 21, 1917. 


out very much. After a short parade by the Public School we 
approached the station. A halt was called here while Tom Cold- 
well and John Skinner went in to arrange about breakfast. We 
were all fed. 

"After breakfast, Morris took our picture (at the station) and 
then forward once more. We went down to the docks and 
watched a diver working on a boat which had sunk there. Tiring 
of that, we all walked out to the end of the pier. Another picture 
taken. Leaving the pier, we all congested on the beach and had 
a meeting -that is, Crowther, Coldwell, Skinner, John Broughall 
and myself. Soon a few other bigger boys joined us. Then Skinner, 
Crowther, Coldwell, Stone, Harvie and myself went up to the 
British Hotel to arrange for dinner. It was O.K. Then another 
parade followed up and down the Main Street, singing and 
yelling. Then we all broke up. Coldwell, Stone and myself 
walked down to the park and lay on a bench. It was time for 
dinner. The three of us went up to the British and had a fine 
meal. Most of the other fellows were there although some who 
had money of their own went where they liked. 

"After dinner we went down to see the car ferry dock, meeting 
the rest of the 70 there. After the ferry had landed the Captain 
asked us aboard and we made ourselves 'To home', going in 
the music room and making ourselves comfortable while Bill 
Hogg played the piano. Leaving there we marched triumphantly 
out of the town again, passing the Public School. Dutch Voght 
(Prefect) met us before we had reached the Cobourg Road and 
another consultation was called. At this one, the wild 70 wanted 
to stay out all night as the masters at the school thought we 
would be starved out. This, in the end, was overruled. The 
March Home was resumed. Where the railway crosses the 
Cobourg Rd. a fire was built and we sat around there until the 
moon was high and day gone. Stories good ones were told and 
songs sung. MacGuire sang "Silver threads among the gold" and 
the surroundings plus a pleasing voice made us content with the 
world. Henry Hay sang a good Scotch air also Broughall. Put- 
ting out the fire we continued; Broughall played the mouth- 
organ most of the way home amidst singing. 

"A halt was called at Tuck Rd. and Cobourg and here we 
decided to go downtown. Up the main street and down up 
again and at the top we all sat down by a crossing on the side walk 
and Ellison sang 'Rosie O'Grady' he has a high tenor voice 


almost pathetic. On our second trip down the Main Street the 
Prefects met us and we went up to the School entering the 
grounds through the field singing so loud in fact that we 
scared Mr. Weitbrecht out of the building as his name was 
used 'We'll hang old Whistle on a sour apple tree'. He took 
us at our word. Entering the School by the lavatory, we pro- 
ceeded upstairs, but were met by the 'Gates' by Mr. Boyle. He 
tried to quiet the mob but they were too far gone. He wanted to 
get us into the Study. We would not go but when requested by 
the Head Prefect we went. We were kept in until 9 which was 
3 quarters of an hour. 

"The reason for this was that the fellows want more privileges. 
There are so many small fellows in the School that we have 
gradually been pulled down, slow but sure, to meet the rules of 
the smaller boys. They want the gates taken off. And the allow- 
ance of wearing respectable soft collars. Also the 'Pike', which is 
12 quarters, raised to 16." 

The Head Prefect to whom Bigwood referred was A. A. Har- 
court Vernon, then just 16 and younger than many of the boys 
in the School. He recalls that when a boy got over twelve quarter 
hours of detention he was 'over the pike' and was caned with 
three strokes on each hand. The term 'pike' was probably derived 
from turnpike or toll road which set limits beyond which one 
could not go without paying a price. 

"On the same day each week," Tim Vernon recalls, "the names 
of the unlucky ones (or heroes, depending on the point of view) 
were called out by the Housemaster after lunch with the request 
that they see him in his room. Most of the School gathered out 
of sight nearby to count the strokes and exclaim with indrawn 
breath at each one in excess of three, the maximum being six. 
In some cases the listeners would hear the Housemaster's prelimi- 
nary command 'Stand out from under the gas jets' as the victim 
manoeuvred for a tactically favourable position." 

The aftermath of the rebellion was probably not unexpected. 
The 'rebels' were sent to bed without supper and were all sub- 
sequently caned by the Headmaster. Starched collars were still 
required to be worn in Chapel, Hall and classrooms. The 'pike' 
remained at 12 quarters. However, the practice of keeping the 


boys out of their rooms at specified hours during the afternoon 
by the simple expedient of locking the gates to the staircases was 
discontinued under Dr. Orchard. Although the boys failed to 
achieve their immediate objectives, their rebellion underlined 
the need for a separate junior department and this was estab- 
lished three years later. 

For over a year, during his wife's illness, Dr. Rigby had been 
under a heavy strain and when his wife died, the Governing Body 
fully appreciated his reluctance to carry on the work of the 
School without having the help and comradeship "of her who 
has been such a support and strength to him throughout his 
Headmastership". A special committee of the Governing Body 
was appointed to recommend a successor. Their choice was the 
Rev. F. Graham Orchard, M.A., Headmaster of St. Alban's 
School, Brockville, who was to assume his new duties in Septem- 
ber 1913. 


The Orchard Regime 

A Disciplinarian Takes Over 

THE NEWLY APPOINTED Headmaster, the Rev. F. Graham 
Orchard, came to Port Hope in the summer of 1913, a 
summer in which the people of Europe quietly held their 
breath in the blind hope that a settled world order would not be 
shattered by the rivalries of nations. When he laid down his 
office twenty years later, he had lived through two of the most 
momentous decades in the history of modern times. Out of the 
First World War and the universal depression that followed it 
emerged a new revolutionary era that was to reshape or shatter 
every institution that man had so painfully evolved over the 
centuries, and whose ultimate end half a century later was still 
almost as obscure as its beginning. The first of these cataclysmic 
events was to burst upon the settled Canadian scene almost as 
soon as the new Headmaster took office, testing his administrative 
ability and his resourcefulness. The second was to undermine 
his prestige and put an end to the dream of perfection that had 
so strongly animated his vision of T.C.S. But during these 
epic years, the Rev. Graham Orchard provided a safe anchorage 
for most of the thousand boys who came under his influence. 
Many of those who chafed under the chains of a rigid discipline, 
nevertheless learned to respect and admire the man who set so 
clearly before them the idea of 'the good life', the life that is 
lived to the full in the pursuit of the unattainable. His wife's 
share in all that was done during the regime of Dr. Orchard was 
a large one, and she too brought enthusiasm and keenness to all 
she undertook. Her excellent taste and skill did much to enhance 



the beauty of the garden areas of the School with the planting 
of flowers. As hostess at the Lodge she entertained a steady round 
of guests, including parents of the boys as well as other friends 
of the School. Like her husband, Mrs. Orchard identified herself 
with the many interests of the School. 

Graham Orchard was born in London in 1873 and was edu- 
cated at St. Paul's School, London, where William Temple, 
Archbishop of Canterbury was among his school-fellows. After 
graduating from Cambridge University, he was ordained and 
did some parish work before launching into a teaching career 
that took him to Bromsgrove School in England. Here he was 
for several years both master and chaplain. In 1906 he came to 
Canada and purchased St. Alban's School in Brockville from the 
Rev. Charles Boulden, father of C. H. Boulden, later a master 
at T.C.S. and Housemaster of the Junior School. Mr. Orchard's 
growing reputation at St. Alban's as an able administrator and 
excellent disciplinarian augured well for Trinity College School 
when he accepted the Headmastership seven years later. The con- 
fidence in his ability was amply justified in the years that followed 
and in 1919 his outstanding success was recognized when Trinity 
College conferred on him the honorary degree of Doctor of 

His public image, as seen by the boys of the School, was one 
of austerity, rigid self-control, unchallenged authority and utter 
inflexibility. It was, in the words of J. D. Ketchum 1 , "a mask 
deliberately adopted as part of the uniform which he wore as 
Headmaster and Priest". It had proved its value in his first years 
with a turbulent and undisciplined school, and it became, un- 
fortunately, his best-known characteristic. Those who saw him 
off duty realized its artificial nature, for he could lay it aside at 
a moment's notice. But it made him an austere man when on 
duty, "the most formidable figure that has ever walked the 
School corridors". Mr. Furnival, who had charge of the Junior 
School for a time, described the effect he had on small boys: 
"When the Head speaks to one of them it's like a violent electric 
shock. The youngster is frozen to the ground, literally paralyzed 

iThe author is much indebted to the late J. D. Ketchum, R. P. Jellett and the 
Rev. C. H. Boulden for their memoirs of Dr. Orchard. 


with fright." In later years the mask was worn less consistently 
and when he left school work, he dropped it forever. Boys who 
met him afterwards used to say incredulously: "You'd never 
know the Head; he's changed completely. He's friendly, easy to 
talk to, and treats you like an equal. He even makes jokes!" 

Though the discipline he imposed often seemed to the boys 
repressive and negative in character, it was imposed impartially 
and without rancour, with never a hint of favouritism. And the 
sternness of his discipline had one result that was seldom recog- 
nized. Dr. Orchard was always ready to do the hard things, the 
unpopular things, that had to be done in a school. It was part of 
his complete selflessness. As a result, the younger masters could 
afford to relax their own discipline, always knowing that the 
Head was there in the background, that discipline would never 
get out of hand. 

Though it was the disciplinarian that made the chief impact 
on the School, there was a second Dr. Orchard, the idealist and 
the dreamer, and in the pursuit of his vision, he was to re-shape 
and mould the School to such a degree that he was later spoken 
of as its second founder. He was a most ambitious man, certainly, 
but his ambition was all for the School, none for himself, even 
in the final critical days of his Headship when he decided to 
resign. For two decades he kept before the School the dream of 
what it might achieve, in music, in scholarship, in athletics, in 
its buildings, its staff and above all, in the character of its boys. 
It was less a vision of what might be than of what must and would 
be, if God gave him strength to achieve it. And in the vigour and 
clarity of this inner vision, lay the full sum of his character. It 
was the source of his tremendous energy, the standard by which 
he measured all accomplishments, his consolation when things 
went badly. And when he closed his eyes, as he so often did, it 
was perhaps to summon up again a fresh glimpse of the far-off 
goals to which he was always striving. At times, too, he could 
shut his eyes, figuratively as well as literally, to anything he did 
not wish to see. But he did so, not out of fear of facing reality, 
but in devotion to the inner vision that might one day for some, 
at least, become the true reality. 

He himself consistently aimed at the impossible, and thereby 


achieved much that would have eluded the grasp of lesser men. 
His pursuit of excellence brought demands for perfection in 
details. Work must be perfectly accurate, exercises perfectly neat, 
Sunday collars perfectly clean, the dining-hall perfectly silent 
for grace. His attitude to athletics was part of the same pattern; 
as long as the tackling was good or the fielders alert, and the game 
played with the utmost of good sportsmanship, he was not dis- 
satisfied whatever the outcome. Dr. Orchard was nevertheless 
acutely aware of the shortcomings of the football team and one 
of his first acts was to institute a kicking and catching cup to 
improve their play. 

It was in music, however, that he set goals that might have 
daunted the stoutest hearts. Yet the Bach and Handel oratorios 
that were sung in Chapel and the Gilbert and Sullivan operas 
that were staged in the gym set a model which other schools 
later followed. Along with Davidson Ketchum, a master and 
gifted musician, he introduced the Public School Hymn Book 
which made known in Canada some of the fine tunes now to be 
found in the Hymn Book of the Anglican Church in Canada. 
For a man with his great love of music and his perfect sense of 
pitch, the affliction of his growing deafness in later years must 
have been hard to bear, but he did so stoically, without com- 

When he came to the School, it was suffering from one of its 
periodic depressions. The wheat boom was settling into its last 
phase of 'boom and bust' but this time the recession was to be 
of short duration owing to the imminence of war. When he took 
over the School in 1913, numbers had fallen to 112 boys, and 
the next year dropped to 89. By 1930, when the new building 
first came into use, there were 171 boys in the Senior School and 
8 1 boys in the Junior School, a total of 252 a record which stood 
for over a decade. 

Shortly after his appointment, the Headmaster was called 
upon to make one of the most momentous decisions of his career 
a decision that established a permanent image of him as an 
uncompromising disciplinarian. Seven boys were found in town 
at a Chinese restaurant at 12.50 a.m. The following day they 
were expelled. The whole School expressed its disapproval by 


refusing to go to study. "What you did was a surprise and grief 
to me," said the Headmaster in a notice he read to the boys. He 
then proceeded to punish the whole School, beginning at the 
top. "It will take me more than one day, but it will be done." 
Although the episode caused severe criticism of the School by 
the parents and friends of the boys who had been expelled, the 
Governing Body strongly supported Mr. Orchard and the School 
began to make rapid progress. In 1922, another crisis developed 
when it was found that third year boys broke the rule prohibit- 
ing the use of spankers by them to punish first year boys. The 
rule had been in force for nine years, he told the School, and 
while he was allowing the boys involved to stay until the end of 
term, their action constituted "a gross breach of discipline and 
a serious offense". 

Part of the success of the new regime was due to his wise 
selection of new masters. The resignation of five masters had 
been accepted, leaving a strong nucleus in Dr. Petry, Mr. Bridger, 
and Mr. Britton. Howard Boulden came to T.C.S. as a young 
master in 1913. As he wore his cassock most of the time and was 
so amiable and of such good humour, he became known as 
'Sister', and that lovable nickname stayed with him most of his 
life. Soon after his appointment he was ordained and preached 
his first sermon in the quiet dignity and beauty of the old Chapel. 
Like the other members of the staff at this time, he taught 
throughout the day, took duty in the flats every night, played 
games with the boys, and in his spare time gave help to boys in 
their studies. At times he also conducted the Chapel services. 
When war broke out, he wanted to enlist at once, but was per- 
suaded to postpone this step until 1916, when his place was taken 
by the Rev. R. S. Tippett. Mr. Boulden served as Army Chaplain 
until 1919 when he once more returned to the staff. In 1924 he 
was appointed Housemaster of the new Junior School and con- 
tinued in this post for eight years, winning admiration from boys 
and parents for the excellent way he directed the new school. In 
1932, he left to become Headmaster of Lake Lodge School in 
Grimsby. After his death in 1961, a Memorial Service was held 
in the T.C.S. Chapel at which the Rt. Hon. Vincent Massey paid 


tribute to a man "beloved by his students, revered by his parish- 
ioners and respected by all men". 

At the time of Mr. Boulden's first appointment, the Head- 
master was also most fortunate in obtaining the services of 
Stuart 'Sam' Geldard. A graduate of Cambridge, he excelled as 
a teacher of mathematics and French though he was not always 
at his best with the slow or the indifferent. Never one to seek 
popularity, Sam Geldard ruled, sometimes with a rod of iron, 
but always fairly. For twenty-one years his tall, stooped figure 
was a familiar sight on the T.C.S. landscape as he marked out 
the tennis courts, worked to flood the covered rink, moved along 
the Lower Flat at bedtime calling "last lights", read to his boys 
in their dormitories, or skilfully performed at tennis and squash. 
Few schoolmasters can have evoked more spontaneous affection 
among those they served. When he almost died of pneumonia 
contracted while he was flooding the rink one bitterly cold night, 
the boys paid their silent tribute to him as a hush descended on 
the School that lasted until he was out of danger. 

The War Years 

Unlike its later counterpart, the First World War moved almost 
imperceptibly upon the stage. Its first undertones were signalled 
in an address by the Duke of Connaught when he visited the 
School on June i, 1914, as part of his tour of Port Hope. Refer- 
ence was made to the loyal part played by T.C.S. Old Boys in the 
South African War and the Governor General expressed the 
hope that the School would continue to prosper "in its old and 
honourable reputation for learning". Six months after this event, 
The Record published its first casualty list and war service record. 
Sad days lay ahead as the casualty lists lengthened to include boys, 
some of whom were only 14 at the beginning of the war. A few 
of them were recalled by Dr. Ketchum on Armistice Day, 1942. 
Their numbers, he told the boys, included great halfbacks like 
Goldwyn Pirie; skillful bowlers like Tom Saunders in whose 
memory the Communion vessels and candlesticks were given; 
clever hockey players like Alec Sutherland; and steady, depend- 
able young men like Herby Moore, a Head Prefect in whose 


memory the Processional Cross was given, Martin Young, Evan 
Ryrie, Ford Strathy-"all lads full of fun and good humour, able 
young men with fine prospects in civil life". By war's end, the 
enlistments had risen to 596, including nine former masters. The 
dead numbered 123. Altogether, the number of Old Boys who 
enlisted was equal to 90% of all the boys who left the School 
during the twenty years before the war. Their motives and future 
hopes were given memorable form in a letter to the Headmaster 
from the Rt. Rev. C. H. Brent, Senior Chaplain of the American 
Expeditionary Force: 

10 September, 1918. 
Dear Mr. Orchard, 

My mind has gone out to Trinity College School tonight with 
undying loyalty and affection. This is about the time when the 
new school year opens and the happy boys who are to be the men 
of tomorrow are gathering. Today I had a letter from my dear 
old school friend 'Maxie' (Major General A. C. Macdonell) in 
the Canadian Corps telling me of the new and splendid achieve- 
ments of his Division. He is one of the best that ever the school 
produced both in manhood and ability. I feel tremendously 
proud of him whenever I think of him. 

Tell your boys that an Old Boy sends them greeting from the 
battlefield of France. All that is best in me came from the influ- 
ence of the School which next to my dear Mother was the strong- 
est factor in my early life. The boys of today have to prepare 
for the heavy though inspiring responsibility of re-moulding 
society. To do this they must be highly disciplined men in soul 
and mind and body. Today the choicest youth of the world is 
making the supreme sacrifice in order that mankind everywhere 
may have freedom to live according to God's pattern of life. We 
are fighting for honour, truth and loyalty, without which the 
world is a prison house. May they always be the dominating 
force in the school. If boys are called upon to live more seriously 
today than in the past, it does not mean that life will be less 
enjoyable. It will be even more so for the new values will dis- 
cover themselves under the pressure of the new world that is 
being born. The motto of my old school is a great one and I hope 
will live in every boy's life. The pure in heart, I suppose, means 
the single-hearted whose motive is undefiled, who are unable to 
do the unworthy or unclean thing outwardly because they are 


unable to do it inwardly, who guard every avenue to mind and 
imagination lest it be smirched or injured. The reward is fellow- 
ship with God now and here. 
May God bless the School. 

Yours very faithfully, 
Signed C.H. Brent, 

Senior Chaplain American E.F. 

On November 11, at half past eleven, the Headmaster assem- 
bled the School in the gymnasium where he read the joyful news 
that the Armistice had been signed. That night a number of boys 
broke bounds to join in the celebrations in town. It was the one 
occasion on which Dr. Orchard was inclined to overlook an open 
breach of regulations; nevertheless, the guilty were caned the 
following morning and three boys were removed for smoking. 

Official recognition of the services T.C.S. Old Boys rendered 
the Empire was given when, on June 13, 1919, the Duke and 
Duchess of Devonshire visited the School. It was, said the 
Governor General, "a wonderful record", and he urged the boys 
to uphold "the grand tradition which their predecessors had 
handed down to them". 

Despite the many restrictions on normal life imposed by the 
war, the School began once more to prosper as new enthusiasm 
was generated by the Old Boys at the fiftieth anniversary celebra- 
tions held in May 1915. The Record marked the occasion by pub- 
lishing the reminiscences of a number of prominent Old Boys 
and former masters, including a short history of the School writ- 
ten by Dr. Bethune. More than one hundred Old Boys attended 
the anniversary dinner on May 24 and greeted the appearance of 
Dr. Bethune with a spontaneous ovation. Other honoured guests 
included Dr. Rigby and Dr. Arthur Jukes Johnson whose stories 
of the Weston days enlivened an evening's entertainment that 
lasted until 2 a.m. 

Although enrolment had reached a low ebb with only 82 
boarders in October 1915, the School acquitted itself well in 
t games. During the winter, the steady, cold weather provided 
exceptional opportunities for hockey and the Headmaster en- 
couraged the organization of an Inter-Form Hockey League 
which provided many exciting games. The first team, playing in 


the Intercollegiate series, won thirteen of sixteen games, includ- 
ing victories over S.A.C., U.C.C., U.T.S. and Lakefield. In the 
finals they were matched against Kingston Collegiate Institute, 
winning the first of the home and home series 7-2. In the rough 
and tumble of the return game in Kingston, A. M. Sutherland 
was forced to retire early in the game with a bad cut over the eye 
as a result of a cross-check. Going into the last period, still with 
a one goal lead in the series, T.C.S. was plagued with penalties, 
and an exciting series ended with a four goal advantage to 
Kingston. Members of the team included J. H. Morris, captain 
and best all round player, W. M. Wigle, C. G. Rice, C. F. Read, 
A. M. Sutherland, H. C. Wallace, and G. A. Thetford. 

Cricket enthusiasm also reached new peaks after the arrival 
of Arthur Grace as professional coach and groundsman in the 
summer of 1916. Beginning practices a month earlier than usual, 
the team of 1 9 1 7 came second in the league, losing only to Ridley 
in the second innings as Eric Clarke, the captain, showed un- 
usual skill in changing his bowlers. The following year the team 
won the Championship. Clarke, once again captain, was ably 
supported by the consistent batting of Selwyn Harper, whose 
average of 53 for the season was considered to be a record for 
the league. Mention was also made of the excellent wicket keep- 
ing of Hugh Cayley. 'Sam' Geldard was master in charge. Unfor- 
tunately, the football schedule for the autumn of 1918 had to be 
cancelled because of an epidemic of Spanish influenza, which 
laid low every member of the teaching staff except Dr. Orchard 
and Mr. Geldard. Between them they took every class in the 
Junior and Senior School for over a week. 

Cricket received even more encouragement in 1922 when 
Norman Seagram took a representative Canadian Cricket XI to 
England. The team included seven T.C.S. Old Boys: Norman 
Seagram ('9o-'93), Dyce Saunders (Capt. '78), Percy Henderson 
('94-'95), Stuart Saunders ('97-'99), Marvine Rathbun ('94-'oi), 
Tom Seagram ('o3-'o6), and Selwyn Harper ('16-' 18). John Ince 
('83-'89) also accompanied the team. As a result of the tour, an 
English XI visited Canada the following year and in one match 
provided competition for a group of Juniors. 

Although boxing was not an unknown art even in the Weston 


days, it did not become established as a recreational activity 
until the First World War. Up to that time enthusiasm for gym 
varied according to the instruction available and for a number 
of years after the turn of the century, Mr. Stirling promoted 
considerable interest in both single-stick and fencing. Mr. Justice 
P. H. Gordon, who was an outstanding athlete in his years at 
School, single-handedly became single-stick champion in 1901. 
Although Mr. Stirling also stimulated an interest in boxing, it was 
not until the Bradburn Cup was offered for competition in 1917 
that the sport began to thrive. Argue Martin had the honour of 
winning the Cup for the first time. The arrival of Sgt.-Major 
'Johnnie' Batt as physical training instructor in 1921 further 
stimulated interest in the sport and for the next forty years his 
familiar figure could be seen as he sat beside the ring, his keen eye 
following every move, always alert to stop the bout if the match 
became too unequal. Unfortunately, a serious injury to Eddie Day 
in 1953 brought a temporary end to the open competition and it 
was finally abandoned as a sport after a revival in 1954. Novice 
boxing among the New Boys continued until 1962 when it too 
was discontinued. The winners of the Bradburn Cup after 1917 
included the following: D. Croll (1918), D. C. Nickle (1919), 
R. Wilson (1921), G. B. L. Smith (1922), J. G. Hyland (1923- 
24), G. S. Cartwright (1925), F. R. Stone (1926), S. D. Lazier 
(1927), G. C. Savage (1928), C. B. K. Kirk (1929), T. L. Taylor 
(1930-31-32), B. D. Russel (1933), P. J.Ambrose (1934), C. Truax 
(1935), G. H. and R. H. Smith (1936), G. H. Smith and A. R. 
McLernon (1937), D. M. Irwin (1938), D. M. Waters (1939), 
J. O. Hart (1940), J. O. Hart and A. R. C. Jones (1941), J. L. 
Goering (1942-43), E. M. Parker (1944), E. J. M. Huycke (1945)* 
W. M. Cox and G. B. Taylor (1946), G. F. Brooks (1947), 
D. E. J. Greenwood (1949), J. E. Emery (1951), F. L. R. Jackman 
(1952), J. R. M. Lash (1954). 

Dr. Orchard's impact on the School was felt in a number of 
other directions, but perhaps most significant for the future of 
the School was his decision to establish a junior department in 
Lent Term 1915. Though the full story of the Junior School is 
told elsewhere, this act of faith must be considered in relation 
to general school policy. While the idea was conceived at a time 


when the fortunes of the School were still at a low ebb, it never- 
theless led to the establishment of a permanent, separate Junior 
School nine years later. In 1915, too, a new house was built for 
Dr. Petry to the west of the campus, and Dr. Orchard was strongly 
urging the establishment of an endowment fund, a dream that 
did not become a reality, unfortunately, for another forty years. 
During the war years, interest in the Debating Society reached 
a high level, stimulated at least in part by Mr. Bridger's gift of 
an Inter-Flat Challenge Cup. The 1916 season included many 
topics that were of national concern at the time "resolved that 
Canada should have compulsory military service"; "that arbitra- 
tion will take the place of war in the future"; "that the Daylight 
Saving Bill should be supported"; "that bachelors should be 
taxed"; "that prohibition is good for the country"; "that com- 
petitive examinations are necessary". Among the speakers who 
received special mention were A. T. Bull, C. L. Capreol, P.C. 
Davidson, A. Dunbar, A. M. Howard, K. M. Langmuir, D'A. A. 
C. Martin, L. E. Roche, R. Ryrie, H. G. Smith, and A. M. Suther- 
land. When Mr. Bridger left the following year to become Pro- 
fessor of English at the R.M.C., the School was reconciled to his 
loss only because of the honour conferred upon him. 

Post-War Consolidation 

As the economic boom generated by the war gained momentum, 
the School began once more to prosper. By the autumn of 1919 
it became necessary to lease the Ambrose house at the foot of 
Ward Street to house the overflow of senior boys in the School. 
Dr. Rigby came to the rescue and with the help of Mr. and Mrs. 
W. H. Morse supervised the new quarters. But this was a tem- 
porary expedient and the Headmaster's plan for a separate Junior 
School soon began to receive solid support. 

Meanwhile a bequest from the estate of the late Dr. Arthur 
Jukes Johnson furthered plans to remove the hospital to a new 
site and rebuild it. This work was carried out as a memorial to 
the Founder, and an entire wing was added to it as the gift of 
Mrs. Florence Paterson in memory of her husband, J. Harry 
Paterson, an Old Boy of the School. With the removal of the old 


hospital, the site was chosen for the erection of the Memorial 
Cross, given by the Ladies' Guild. Dedicated by Dr. Bethune, 
it was unveiled on June 11, 1922, by Major General Sir A. C. 
Macdonell, an Old Boy and Commandant of the Royal Military 
College. It was presented to the School by Mrs. Lawrence 
Baldwin on behalf of the Guild. Never again, perhaps, would 
the memorial service hold quite the poignancy it did on that 
spring day as the long line of serious boyish faces were sobered by 
the beauty of the words of the service and the Choir's faultless 
rendering of the hymn 'How Bright Those Glorious Spirits 
Shine'. At the end of the service, Ross Ryrie and Sydney Saunders 
laid a large laurel wreath at the foot of the Cross, and Eric Clarke 
a basket of flowers, the gift of his mother. 

A further and more substantial memorial to the Old Boys who 
had been killed in the First World War was soon to be realized. 
Voluntary contributions for the building of a separate Junior 
School already exceeded $50,000, and at the suggestion of Mr. 
G. Larratt Smith, whose son was at the School, the Governing 
Body sanctioned a twenty-year bond issue of $300,000. The issue 
included coupon bonds bearing interest or bursary bonds the 
interest on which could be used to reduce the fees of boys attend- 
ing the School. 

On November 5, 1922, Rear Admiral Sims of the United States 
Navy, formerly of Port Hope, laid the Foundation Stone which 
was dedicated by the Bishop of Toronto. 

The Governing Body had counted on the advice and experi- 
ence of the distinguished architect, Frank Darling, who had 
designed the 1895 school building and Chapel, and for many 
years had been a most devoted Old Boy and Governor. He died 
in 1923 as plans for the new School building were being com- 
pleted, leaving as his memorial such notable public buildings as 
the new Parliament Building in Ottawa, the Toronto General 
Hospital, the Royal Ontario Museum and many of the Univer- 
sity of Toronto buildings. At the time of his last illness he was 
engaged as the architect for the new buildings of Trinity Uni- 
versity on Hoskin Avenue. His place on the Board of Governors 
was taken by General Cartwright who devoted much of his time 


to supervising the construction of the Junior School, designed by 
Mr. Henry Sproatt of the firm of Sproatt and Rolph. 

The work was completed in time for occupancy in September 
1924 and on Sunday, November 9, the Memorial Junior School 
was officially dedicated by the Bishop of Algoma. The next day 
the formal opening took place, following a short Chapel service 
in the morning at which the Headmaster read the Roll of 
Honour. The Rev. Howard Boulden was to take charge, with 
Miss Symonds as "house mother". "With this beautiful new 
building and the new equipment in the old building," Dr. 
Orchard told the Governing Body, "I feel, though I have been 
1 1 years at the School, that I am only just beginning my work." 
Dr. Orchard warmly praised the work of the Old Boys' Asso- 
ciation and particularly the devoted efforts of the secretary, 
A. A. Harcourt Vernon, who had so successfully coordinated the 
campaign to raise funds. On November 26, shortly after the 
official opening ceremonies had been concluded, the School was 
honoured by a visit from the Governor General and Lady Byng 
a further indication of the growing prestige of the School. 

Among the minor achievements already accomplished was the 
new cottage tuck shop across the campus where in 1919 Arthur 
Grace and his wife became the successors to the Misses Philp; 
and in 1926 a small group of Old Boys and friends provided the 
funds to build two squash courts. 

Undoubtedly the most distinguishing characteristic of the 
Orchard regime was the Headmaster's zealous devotion to the 
ideal of good music in the School. When war broke out Davidson 
Ketchum was studying music in Berlin. He was interned for the 
duration and on his repatriation accepted a post as Junior School 
master in charge of music. During the next few years his excep- 
tional musical talents raised the level of music in the School to 
unprecedented levels. There were disappointments, of course, 
in some of the ambitious projects undertaken, but there were 
also striking successes. One of the most notable triumphs was the 
singing of part one and two of Bach's 'Christmas Oratorio' at the 
end of Michaelmas term, 1923. The music critic of Saturday 
Night recorded the event in lyrical terms: "In the exquisitely 
harmonized Chorales, the unique nature of the performance 


was most apparent; for here, while the Choir sustained the parts, 
the whole School arose, and, backed by full organ, piano and 
string quartet, sang the undying melodies in a rhythmic unison 
that filled the Chapel to the very roof. I have heard the 'Passion' 
and the 'Christmas Oratorio' done many times, but this was the 
first occasion on which the Chorales were sung as they were really 
meant to be by a whole congregation that really knew them." 
Peter Mussen, who sang the two soprano recitatives "gave a sur- 
prisingly good performance of what is always a very difficult 
task for a boy." 

While the main effort to achieve high musical standards in the 
School centred in the Choir, the exceptional talents of Davidson 
Ketchum found other outlets that won the unqualified approval 
of the whole School. He wrote the words and composed the music 
for a number of songs most of which are now familiar traditions 
in the School 'The School on the Hill', 'The Iron Bridge in 
June', 'Lakefield in the Morning', 'Singing You Off', 'The T.C.S. 
Cadet Corps' and the beautiful 'School Leaving Hymn'. To the 
numerous Saturday night sing-songs, masters and boys con- 
tributed on an equal footing, and sometimes there were concerts 
when Kenneth Ketchum contributed a violin solo or Hugh 
Ketchum sang a song. Then in 1924, the Choir gave "a most 
excellent rendering" of Gilbert and Sullivan's Trial by Jury 
under the direction of Davidson Ketchum. The leading char- 
acters, we learn, were sustained by Charlie Burns as the Judge, 
Brick Osier, the Bride, and Max Mackenzie as the Defendant. 
"The singing," reported The Record, "was beyond criticism both 
in solo and chorus work, and the acting was splendid." 

The next year H .M.S. Pinafore provided "a remarkable climax 
to the steady increase of interest and enthusiasm in things 
musical", a result attributed again to the unique capability of 
Davidson Ketchum who was ably assisted by Miss Kitty Rigby 
and Miss Gertrude Petry, later to become Mrs. Peter Lewis. The 
difficult part of Ralph Rickshaw was played by Mr. Peter Lewis 
who revealed "a pure and pleasing tenor voice". John Brewin 
took the part of Josephine and was ably supported by Charles 
Burns as the gallant Captain Corcoran, Bill Osier as the pompous 
Sir Joseph Porter, and J. P. Roberts as Little Buttercup. So 


effectively made up were the cousins, sisters and aunts that "it 
was hard to realize that these dainty maidens were really school 
boys". It was a fitting climax to the work of Davidson Ketchum 
who for six years had devoted so much of his time to the musical 
education of the School. Musicians, however, were not always 
accorded the respect and admiration that he received. On one 
occasion, at a later date, a concert got off to a very bad start 
indeed. The pianist struck the opening chord with a flourish, to 
discover, too late, that the keyboard had been stuffed with paper. 
The soundless flourish was greeted with great applause as the 
youthful audience sedately settled down for an evening's musical 

Early in the postwar period there occurred a number of staff 
changes that brought able men to the School, among them 
G. E. Spragge and C. A. Heaven, both Old Boys who remained 
several years. In September 1921, A. C. Morris, a war veteran, 
joined the staff and in later years became well known as the 
owner of 'the covered wagon'. Like Peter Lewis and 'Jimmy' 
James, who arrived at the School in 1922, Mr. Morris devoted 
many years to the service of T.C.S. and in the process became 
acquainted with some of the more esoteric school societies such 
as the 'B.T.U.' (more smoke than heat) Club whose clandestine 
meetings were convened on the Old Tuck road. At one time 
or other during the 19205, four of the Ketchum brothers were 
on the Junior School staff Davidson, Hugh, Kenneth and 
Philip. All of them devoted a lifetime to teaching, Davidson at 
the University of Toronto, Hugh at the Grove School and 
Kenneth and Philip respectively as Headmasters of St. Andrew's 
College and Trinity College School. As a family, they have made 
an unusual contribution to education, possibly unequalled in 
this respect. 

In 1924 the staff was further strengthened with the arrival of 
Mr. William Ogle, a graduate of Glasgow University and an 
excellent teacher who became Director of Studies in the later 
years of Dr. Orchard's regime. With such men on the staff, it was 
natural that the top T.C.S. graduates should achieve high aca- 
demic honours. Among these were D. C. Nickle who in 1920 
won the Mowat Scholarship in Mathematics at Queen's Uni- 


versity and T. C. B. DeLom, Wellington Scholar in Classics at 
Trinity College, Toronto. The matriculation results of 1925, 
described as "excellent", included an Edward Blake Scholarship 
in Mathematics, won by N. E. Phipps at Trinity College, and a 
valuable scholarship in Applied Science at McGill won by W. S. 
Bowles. In 1929 for the first time, two former T.C.S. students 
won Rhodes Scholarships, Stephen Cartwright from the Univer- 
sity of Toronto and Larry Bonnycastle from the University of 
Manitoba. Five years later, Chris Eberts, who graduated from 
T.C.S. in 1929, received the third Rhodes appointment won by 
a T.C.S. Old Boy. Although the Headmaster admitted privately 
to a friend that he realized "the boys do not like me", he could 
take comfort in the fact that his policies had brought new prestige 
to the School during these years. 

The School year of 1926 was saddened by the death of Dr. 
H. J. H. Petry who for twenty-three years as master and often 
acting Headmaster had exerted an influence on the School that 
was second only to that of the Headmaster himself. As a teacher 
of Classics and English he was acknowledged to be unrivalled 
and during his long association with the School won increasing 
respect and affection among the boys. For many years he was 
organist and choirmaster, organized and conducted the Glee 
Club, promoted a Chess and Checker Club, and on Sunday eve- 
nings was always to be found in the Speech Room reading aloud 
to an interested audience, a custom that became one of the 
characteristic institutions of the School. In paying their tribute 
to him, the Governing Body summed up the feeling of every 
generation of boys and parents alike "when we record our thank- 
fulness for the privilege of having known his loving personality". 

Following the lean football years from 1920 to 1925, the 1926 
season brought a reversal of form and victories over Ridley and 
Upper Canada College under the captaincy of P. S. Stevenson. 
This team, which was coached by Philip Ketchum and Col. Lash, 
had the enthusiastic support of Dr. Jack Maynard. First team 
colours were awarded to W. L. Beatty, J. T. Bell, H. T. Biggar, 
J. H. Burns, J. D. Campbell, A. N. Chown, J. D. Cummings, 
T. G. Fyshe, C. F. Gwyn, P. J. B. Lash, S. D. Lazier, P. S. 
Stevenson, F. R. Stone, J. S. D. Thompson and A. R. Winnett. 

T.C.S. Staff, 1913-14 

Standing: A. St. J. Furnival, the Rev. H. Britten, Dr. H. J. H. Petry, the Headmaster, 

W. R. P. Bridger, F. J. Stanton. 
Sitting: S. Geldard. C. Spencer, A. H. Aglionby, C. H. Boulden. 

The Cricket Team, 1909 

The sixth consecutive team to hold the Little Big Four Championship 

Back: J. M. Reid, J. C. Maynard, F. J. A. Morris, Esq., S. F. Fisken. 
Middle: R. C. Dempster, E. O. C. Martin, G. C. Campbell, C. Conyers, 

B. A. Rhodes, K. W. Edmiston (Scorer), A. Dempster. 
Front: G. F. Laing, W. M. Pearce (Capt.), N. Conyers. 

II- 1 


II -2 

The Football Team, 1908 

Little Big Four Champions 
Back: R. C. Dempster, W. L. Taylor, G. L. Ingles, Esq., S. A. Kayll, J. M. K. Reid, 

G. E. I. Drummond. 
Front: W. M. Pearce, G. F. Laing, G. G. Ross, J. C. Maynard, G. C. Campbell (Capt.), 

H. M. Savage, N. H. Macaulay, K. W. Edmiston, P. B. Harris, B. A. Rhodes. 

The Football Team, 1911 

L.B.F. Champions for the Second Straight Year 
Back: G. K. McKendrick, G. H. Aylen, F. V. Skinner, C. H. Savage, Esq., 

F. G. Mathers, G. W. Pirie, C. F. Fitzgerald. 

Front: H. J. L. Pearce, H. E. Cochran, A. F. Voght, W. L. Stone, H. L. 
Symons (Capt.), F. C. Bartlett, C. E. Baker, T. Coldwell, S. F. Fisken. 


The Old Chapel, 1895-1928 

The Debating Society, 1918 


The Hockey Team, 1908 

Junior Intercollegiate Finalists 
Standing: E. J. Pinkham, D. D. McGibbon, S. L. Miller, Esq., H. P. Boyle, Esq., 

A. R. Ball, K. S. Drummond. 
Sitting: ]. C. Maynard, G. C. Campbell (Capt.), D. A. Hay, G. I. Drummond (Goal). 

The Hockey Team, 1915 

Junior Intercollegiate Finalists 
Standing: A. M. Sutherland, H. L. Wallace, H. Pullen, Esq., C. F. Read, 

G. A. Thetford. 
Sitting: C. G. Rice, W. M. Wigle, J. H. Morris (Capt.). 


The Junior School Established, 1915 

UN Hill H III HI "1 

The Opening of the Junior School (now Boulden House) 

November 10, 1924 


Viscount Alexander Inspects the Junior School, 1951 

Accompanied by the Headmaster and Mr. Tottenham 


The Gym Team, 1926 

Back: S. Geldard, Esq., S. J. Batt, Gym Instructor. 

Front: J. D. Wallbridge, F. R. Stone, S. D. Lazier, T. G. Fyshe, A. W. Nisbet, 
P. T. Rogers, W. L. Beatty, A. P. Ardagh. 

The Cricket Team, 1918 

L.B.F. Champions 

Back: The Headmaster, S. Geldard, Esq. 

Middle: L. D. Croll, W. A. M. Howard, E. S. Clarke (Capt), S. E. Harper, H. C. Cayley. 
Front: Arthur Grace (Pro.), E. S. Hough, H. H. Ryall, D. C. Nickle, D. E. Cumberland, 
G. H. Greaves, V. W. Bradburn, J. C. Anderson (Scorer). 


^ O 





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The Football Team, 1926 

"The Best for Several Years" 

The Headmaster, P. J. B. Lash, F. R. Stone, P. A. C. Ketchum, Esq. 
J. D. Thompson, G. R. Dulmage, J. H. Burns, J. T. Bell. 
H. T. Biggar, C. F. Gwyn, A. N. Chown. 

T. G. Fyshe, A. R. Winnett. 

J. D. Cummings, W. L. Beatty, S. D. Lazier, J. D. Campbell. 
P. S. Stevenson. 

The Football Team, 1930 

A Shared Championship 

Back: F. E. Wigle, J. A. Irvine, R. F. Douglas, S. H. Ambrose, A. E. de Pencier, R. M. Powell. 
Middle: S. Geldard, Esq., D. Dawson, R. E. Chown, P. R. Usborne (Capt), C. B. Ross, 

J. E. Harrington, W. Ogle, Esq. 
Front: T. L. Taylor, A. A. Duncanson, R. B. Wotherspoon, J. O. Combe, H. B. Savage. 

II -() 

The Junior School Football Team, 1924 
Back: The Rev. C. H. Boulden, H. C. Cayley, Esq. 
Middle: R. F. Osier, G. Price, J. H. Turnbull, D. K. Cassels (Capt.), 

R. Finn, G. B. Wily, O. E. S. Gardiner. 
Front: G. S. M. Elliot, G. D. Russel, S. F. M. Wotherspoon, E. G. Johnston, 

T. H. F. Roper, R. P. Howard, J. A. S. Corrigal. 


The Junior School Cricket Team, 1928 

W. M. Crossen (Capt.), J. C. N. Currelly. 

H. G. James, Esq. 

G. L. Neville, W. S. Leggat, K. C. Dawe. 

P. P. Howard, R. Madden, C. M. Brown, J. G. Warden, T. L. Taylor, 
S. Lockwood. W. G. Cox rSrorprY 

Junior School Hockey Team, 1931 

R. H. Burton, A. D. McGinnis (Capt.), the Rev. C. H. Boulden, D. K. Dawes. 

R. F. Redpath, J. M. W. Worthington, P. G. St. G. O'Brian, C. F. Dumaresq, R. G. Keefer. 

K. C. Bell, C. Hi Truax. 

The Junior School Hockey Team Twenty Years Later 

Back: A. W. B. Osier, J. A. C. Ketchum ( Vice-capt. ) , E. C. Cayley, Esq., D. S. Osier, 

(Capt.), W. A. H. Hyland. 
Middle: J. B. W. Cumberland, W. J. D. Boucher, D. L. C. Dunlap, H. R. A. Montemurro, 

P. J. Budge, D. C. Budge. 
Front: R. G. Seagram, G. B. O. Richardson, R. I. K. Young, A. R. Winnett, W. F. Boughner. 


The Fire of 1928 

Totally Destroys the Senior School 

II- 12 




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The Iron Bridge 

The T.C.S. Staff, June 1933 
Back: C. N. Wynn, D. K. Parr, W. H. Morse, Lt.-Col. C. Goodday, H. G. James, 

E. W. Morse, Lt.-Col. K. L. Stevenson, A. B. Sly. 
Front: A. C. Morris, S. Geldard, the Headmaster, the Rev. R. S. Tippet, 

P. H. Lewis, W. Ogle. 


Lunch in Osier Hall 

II- i 

The Middle Watch, 1936 

Captain Maitland, John Hayes; Mary Carleton, John Henderson; 
Admiral Hewitt, Hugh Henderson; Lady Hewitt, Jack Langmuir. 

The Gym Team, 1933 

Back: M. K. Reed, B. D. Russel, S. J. Batt, Instructor, W. S. Chadwick, 

J. D. Bilkey. 
Front: T. L. Reid, R. T. West, A. S. Fleming, C. C. Padley, P. H. 

McCloskey, W. M. Vaughan. 


Once again in 1930 the School duplicated their success and this 
time shared in a three-cornered tie for the Championship. Dis- 
tinction Caps were awarded to R. E. Chown, R. F. Douglas, 
J. A. Irvine, C. B. Ross, and P. R. Usborne, the captain. Colours 
were granted to S. H. Ambrose, J. O. Combe, D. B. Dawson, 
A. E. dePencier, A. A. Duncanson, J. E. Harrington, R. M. 
Powell, H. B. Savage, T. L. Taylor, F. E. Wigle, and R. B. 

The School Destroyed By Fire 

The School was well on the way to recovery from the economic 
recession of the early 19205 when the disastrous fire of March 3, 
1928, brought an abrupt end to Dr. Orchard's hopes for further 
expanding the facilities of the School. Coupled with the worst 
economic depression of modern times ushered in by the New 
York Stock Exchange crash of 1929, the fire marked the begin- 
ning of a period of critical insecurity that lasted for over a decade. 
Like the fire of 1895, it quickly got out of control because of 
a strong wind blowing out of the north-west in the near zero 
weather. The first warning came at 2.30 p.m. when Gordon 
Johnson noticed smoke billowing from Grace's cricket store 
room. This was situated on the second floor at the west end of 
the rink, and within minutes, the roof was a blazing inferno. 
Burning shingles were blown onto the shingled roof of the Lodge 
and the gym, setting them both afire. Fortunately, the efforts of 
Edwin Nash and his helpers saved the Lodge. But while Mr. 
Lewis poured water down on 'The Bridge of Sighs', a thirty foot 
covered passage from the gym to the main building, the flames 
leaped the gap to the eaves above his head. At the same time the 
fire brigade arrived from the town; at least, part of it arrived; 
the ladder truck had taken the corner at the bottom of Walton 
Street too fast and rolled over. By the time the fire hoses were in 
operation the situation was beyond saving. The water pressure 
was at no stage sufficient to reach the roof and soon dwindled 
to a trickle as the supply from the storage tank on the opposite 
side of town became exhausted. The main building was con- 
sidered fireproof just as the Titanic had been considered un- 


sinkable, and for much the same reason. In neither case did the 
protection extend to the upper structure. Flames penetrated 
under the eaves beneath the slate roof and the wind did the rest. 
Walls of brick, passages of stone, stairs of cement and steel, none 
were proof against the inferno of flames. During the night the 
fire finally burned itself out, leaving behind an empty shell of 
brick. Only the Lodge, the hospital and the heating plant 

Luckily, there had been time to salvage most of the personal 
belongings as the boys responded "with splendid discipline". 
Thanks to the initiative of Jimmy Price, all the Chapel gar- 
mentslinen, cassocks and surplices were removed intact. By 
6 p.m. all the boys were either billeted with kind friends in town 
or were awaiting the 6.40 train to Toronto. The Headmaster 
announced the Easter holiday would begin immediately. The 
Junior School was to return on March 21, by which time the 
main heating plant could be back in operation. Owing to the 
nation-wide publicity accorded the fire, offers of help immedi- 
ately poured in. Through the courtesy of McMaster University, 
arrangements were made for the Senior School to reassemble at 
Woodstock College, at this time unoccupied. There, it was found 
possible to sleep the entire Senior School in two houses. In addi- 
tion to classrooms, dining-room and kitchen, there was a 
gymnasium and a swimming pool, a luxury that had not been 
enjoyed at Port Hope. An assembly hall served as Chapel. The 
School was extraordinarily fortunate to find so readily at hand 
the means to escape the worst consequences of the disaster. 
Enrolment during the almost two years' exile even increased 
and School morale was high. Not a single boy was withdrawn 
from the School because of the fire. 

Meanwhile, most of the staff spent the holiday sorting the 
boys' personal belongings that had been transported to the 
town drill shed at the height of the fire. More of the portable 
furniture might have been salvaged except that, in the stress of 
the moment, a great deal of it had been thrown from the upper 
windows. Certainly the boys found this method quicker and a 
great deal more fun. Estimates of damage to contents not un< 
naturally ran very high. 


For the next two years Dr. Orchard devoted himself with seem- 
ingly tireless energy to the problems of supervising the opera- 
tion of the Junior School in Port Hope, coping with the 
administrative problems of the School in Woodstock, and attend- 
ing meetings of the building committee in Toronto. 

He paused in these labours in the spring of 1929 to pay tribute 
to an outstanding son of Trinity College School, Charles Henry 
Brent, whose death occurred on March 26. 

Bishop Brent was born in Newcastle, Ontario, where his 
father, the Rev. Canon Brent, was the Anglican rector. He 
entered T.C.S. at the age of 17 and was made a prefect in his 
second year. One of his School contemporaries described him as 
"very strict but absolutely fair and square, with a keen sense of 
humour. Everybody loved him." After graduating from Trinity 
College, he returned to T.C.S. as a master for two years, then 
entered the Church. Most of his ministry was spent in Boston 
where he became an eloquent and brilliant preacher. In 1901, 
he was elected Bishop of the Philippine Islands. The vision and 
sympathy of his outlook made him an outspoken champion of 
Church unity which he advocated with deep conviction at the 
Lausanne Conference. When the United States entered the First 
World War, General Pershing chose him to be Chaplain General 
of the American Expeditionary Force at about the same time 
that he was elected Bishop of Western New York. Despite the 
ever widening sphere of his work, he took a deep interest in his 
old School, and on two occasions returned to deliver the Speech 
Day sermon. 

The Woodstock Interlude 

At Woodstock, the 135 boys settled in happily, much impressed 
with the swimming pool. The grounds provided two football 
fields and cricket pitches. Unfortunately for the staff, sports 
activities were not entirely confined to the playing fields. Under- 
neath the School was a labyrinth of intercommunicating cellars 
and passages from which, Con Harrington and Lin Russel re- 
called, disused chimneys and air-chutes, with iron rungs in them, 
gave access to the different floors, the attics, and the roof. Much 


harmless wandering took place which was always a source of 
anxiety to the masters since wooden stairs, passageways, floors, 
and rooms with three-foot wainscotting suitable for hiding illicit 
wiring, all added greatly to the fire hazard. Fortunately fuses 
blew daily in some part of the building as yet another amateur 
electrician plugged into the circuit, a practice not unknown 
even now. At night, the danger of fire was somewhat alleviated 
by a watchman who was accompanied by a large collie dog on 
his regular rounds as he punched a time clock to record his 
progress through the buildings. In the basement which housed 
the science rooms, a minor problem was created by leaky steam 
pipes as from time to time a drop of boiling water hissed down 
upon an unwary head. 

During these years in what was popularly known as the Wilder- 
ness of the Bible Belt, The Record became a fresh and vigorous 
magazine. The energetic and popular master, William 'Barney' 
Ogle, supervised its brief fortnightly publication, assisted by 
Mr. Graham Con Harrington and Hubert Martin were joint 
general editors, while T. E. Nichol, Gordon H. Johnson and D. W. 
McLaren had charge of sports. Miss Gertrude Petry was editor of 
the Junior School section which served as the main channel of 
communication with Port Hope. In the doldrums early in 
Trinity term, Con. Harrington and Don Byers relieved the 
tedium by organizing the 'Hogans', a somewhat riotous society 
that flourished for a time even after they had left the School. 
Despite the restricted life in exile, it was never monotonous 
either for masters or for boys. 

Meanwhile, construction of the new school building pro- 
ceeded at a rapid pace, following the Governing Body's decision 
only four days after the fire, to proceed with the skeleton plans 
submitted by the Headmaster. Mr. C. Barry Cleveland of the firm 
of Darling and Pearson became the architect. Ironically, when 
the Headmaster had proposed the building of an assembly hall, 
reading room and science laboratories just two months before 
the fire, it was thought impossible to raise the large sum required 
for such a project. Now, a few weeks after the fire, it became 
necessary to find over $750,000, only $226,000 of which was 
recovered from the insurance on the buildings. Within twenty 


months of the beginning of the campaign, all but $160,000 had 
been raised in cash or promised a remarkable achievement. 
Once again, the campaign for funds was spearheaded by the 
generosity of Mr. Britton Osier who supplemented his initial 
contribution by his gift of the science laboratories as a memorial 
to Sir William Osier and his son, Revere, as well as a special gift 
of the beautiful oak panelling of the main dining hall. This 
handsome addition provided the means to enshrine in Osier 
Hall much of the tradition of the School as the panels recorded 
in gold the growing lists of honoured names. 

The School owed a special debt to Dr. Orchard's perceptive 
awareness of natural beauty when he proposed moving the build- 
ing site to the brow of the hill from which the boys could always 
look upon the peaceful serenity of Lake Ontario. Six years pre- 
viously, he had pleaded in vain with the town authorities to deed 
part of the hillside park to the Corporation as a site for the Junior 
School. Instead, in 1950, the town finally agreed to part with this 
land to provide a site for the Peter Campbell Memorial Rink. 
The irony of this decision did not escape the attention of those 
who remembered the previous efforts of Dr. Orchard and Mr. 
Britton Osier to effect the transfer of this land. 

On June 12, 1929, the Bishop of Toronto conducted a special 
service to mark the laying of the Foundation Stone of the new 
buildings. Dr. Rigby gave the address and ten-year-old Mary 
Spragge of Cobourg performed the ceremony in the absence in 
England of Mr. H. J. Scott, K.C., Head Boy in 1869. The 
daughter of John William Spragge, an Old Boy, she had written 
Dr. Orchard the day following the fire and initiated a building 
fund by enclosing the first contribution. "I am so sorry about 
your school", she said. "I am sending a dollar to help build a 
new school. It is all I have. I got it for a present. With love, Mary 
Spragge." The letter was carefully preserved in Dr. Orchard's 
files, for it represented the kind of faith that was so much a part 
of his own character. 

After the Easter holidays of 1930, the Senior School returned 
to Port Hope, and on May 16 the Governor General and Lady 
Willingdon were present to mark the official opening of the new 
buildings. Dr. Orchard had returned from England at the end of 


January after a two month respite from the heavy labours of the 
past two years. He now paid tribute to the unflagging efforts of 
the Building Committee: Messrs. Dudley Dawson, R. C. H. 
Cassels, H. E. Harcourt Vernon, Dyce Saunders, F. G. Osier, 
Britton Osier, General Cartwright, C. A. Bogert, L. H. Baldwin, 
D. Martin, G. B. Strathy, Norman Seagram, P. E. Henderson, 
Dr. Maynard, A. A. Harcourt Vernon, Dr. Armour, G. Spragge, 
M. Baldwin, and W. W. Stratton. These men helped to bring 
into being the best equipped school buildings in Canada, com- 
prising a gymnasium, swimming pool, squash courts, science 
labs, classroom block, temporary Chapel, spacious dining hall, 
two houses, and an administrative building. On Speech Day, 
Dr. Orchard singled out for special mention the Chairman, Mr. 
Dudley Dawson, the secretary, Mr. H. E. Harcourt Vernon, and 
the treasurer, Mr. R. C. H. Cassels. 

At the same time, the Headmaster paid tribute to the memory 
of Mr. Dyce Saunders, K.C., whose death had occurred in Eng- 
land on June 12. Throughout his life, those who came in contact 
with him were invariably impressed by his great integrity and 
strong sense of public duty. At school he became an outstanding 
cricketer, captained the team of 1878, and as a Prefect was 
awarded the Bronze Medal, a distinction for which no T.C.S. boy 
was ever better qualified. For much of his life he was an elected 
member of the Board of Governors and for over thirty years 
carried out the onerous duties of secretary. Much of this time he 
acted as Solicitor for the School and one Headmaster after 
another sought his valued counsel. A devout Churchman, he took 
a most active part in Anglican affairs, succeeding Dr. J. A. 
Worrell, another Old Boy, as Chancellor of the Diocese of To- 
ronto. "The memory of him," said Dr. Orchard, "will ever be 
held in honour, for he was indeed a good man." 

The End of an Era 

While Dr. Orchard and the building committee were deeply 
immersed in the planning of the new school in 1929, the world's 
worst economic depression burst upon the scene with dramatic 
suddenness. In the United States in midsummer 1929, about 


300,000,000 shares of stocks were being carried on margin. The 
road to prosperity seemingly stretched in a broad and smooth 
expanse for the whole American nation. In October, the market 
broke and on the agth, 16,000,000 shares were dumped for what 
they would bring. Solid stocks fell as fast as bogus mine shares. 
American Telephone dropped 100 points; Radio Common fell 
from 505 to 26. Savings of a lifetime were wiped out. 

In Montreal, the stock market also plummeted on the 29th, 
and in a matter of hours left thousands of marginal buyers penni- 
less. This initial shock to the Canadian economy was com- 
pounded by the spectacular plunge of the Toronto Stock Ex- 
change on November 13. The politicians kept saying that pros- 
perity was just around the corner. By 1932, almost a quarter of 
a million people in Montreal alone were on direct government 
relief and the proportion was little different in the rest of Can- 
ada. In Saskatchewan, 100,000 farmers were almost destitute 
despite the Federal grants they were receiving. Bread lines and 
soup kitchens sprang up in every urban area across the nation as 
the economy ground closer to a standstill. 

By the beginning of 1932, the economic depression that was 
paralyzing the nation's credit began to increase its deadly 
pressure on the financial resources of the School. The effect was 
felt in two ways as declining revenues aggravated the long term 
indebtedness of the School. Some parents, seriously affected by 
the economic blight, withdrew their sons from the School; others, 
in their attempt to carry on, were unable to keep up with the 
payment of fees. Several parents petitioned the Governing Body 
in August 1932 to reduce them, but it was the unanimous deci- 
sion that the time was not opportune for such action. In June, 
General Cartwright had reported that 150 boys were entered for 
the following September. This number was down from a previous 
estimate of 170, a figure that itself represented a decline in 
numbers from 255 in 1931. Some measure of the true magnitude 
of the disaster that had struck the School was revealed at the 
annual meeting in October. The Headmaster reported only 139 
boys registered for the autumn term. The Junior School, now 
entering its eighth year as a separate institution, was to have only 
24 full time boarders of whom only 4 were new boys. Overdue 


accounts amounted to some $1 1,000, a sum that would have gone 
far towards paying the annual interest on the school bonds. 

Under such circumstances it was proposed that the Junior 
School be closed and the remaining boys moved to Trinity 
House. To the majority of the Board, however, this action 
savoured of too easy and too early capitulation to economic 
conditions that might already have reached their lowest ebb. The 
Headmaster made a final plea: "Our hope is in Mr. Ogle's 
handling of the Junior School boys. He is a great teacher and 
must have his chance." The Junior School was saved, at least 
temporarily. Staff salaries were cut 10%. The Secretary, Mr. 
R. C. H. Cassels, reported that he and Mr. Bogert had arranged 
with the Bank for an overdraft up to $25,000. There was always 
hope in the dawn of a new day. 

The effect of the depression, however, was soon to prove even 
more disastrous on the School's long term indebtedness. The 
prosperity of the late 19205 had enabled the School to pay off 
most of the overdraft owing on the Junior School building 
account. It had also retired $40,000 of the $300,000 bond issue 
required for the construction of the Junior School. Now the 
treasurer of the Senior School building committee increased the 
general gloom when he had to report that over $100,000 in 
pledges were still unpaid. Altogether, the School debt was close 
to half a million dollars. 

On November 15, 1932, a letter from Mr. Cassels referred to 
two meetings of the executive committee which had been trying 
to resolve the financial impasse with the bank over guarantees 
for the necessary overdraft. A full Board meeting seemed neces- 
sary but the situation might still be saved. He referred to "the 
distinctly encouraging account of conditions at the School" 
reported by a member of the Board and went on to say: "I sin- 
cerely hope that we may be able to find some way out of our 
present financial difficulties". The situation was not improved, 
however, when it was finally realized that a letter must be written 
to all holders of Trinity College School bonds advising them that 
the School would be unable to pay the next instalment of interest 
due on January i, 1933. In a letter to all bondholders, Dr. 
Orchard pointed out that the interest had been paid without fail 


since 1923; that with the strictest economy revenues would meet 
expenses during the coming year with the exception of interest 
on the School bonds and money due for the bond sinking fund. 
It was regrettable, therefore, but there was no alternative but 
to withhold payment of the interest on the bonds and money 
payable to the sinking fund. This was thought to be temporary 
only, he said, because if numbers could be increased to 170 boys, 
the School would be able to meet all commitments including the 
bond interest and sinking fund payments. 

As the financial prospects for the future became increasingly 
grave during 1932, mounting pressures on the Headmaster 
manifested themselves in a variety of ways. Rumours of reduc- 
tions in staff and cut-backs in salaries exerted a none too subtle 
alienation of his staff's sympathy and in self-defence some masters 
expressed their criticism of the Headmaster openly. A small 
group went directly to the Governing Body to protest conditions 
at the School. But clearly, the redress of grievances was beyond 
the power of the Governing Body, and by June it became neces- 
sary for Dr. Orchard to recommend a reduction of four in the 
staff, in addition to one man who had submitted his resignation, 
and reduction of another 10% in salary for the remainder. The 
four men set aside, he told the Board, had been taken on while 
the School was expanding and it seemed quite natural for them 
to be dropped when the School began to contract. To each he 
wrote in part as follows, trying to soften the blow: "It is a very 
great regret to me that circumstances should compel me to ask 
you or any one of my staff to leave, but my review of the situation 
in September makes it clear that we shall not need your services 
then and so I am obliged to give you the agreed three months' 
notice to terminate your engagement here on October i . May I 
for the time being express my very high appreciation of all that 
you have done and my very real regret that circumstances make 
it necessary to release you to seek work elsewhere." 

Meanwhile, to counteract the criticism of parents which was 
directed at the purported decline in academic standards, Dr. 
Orchard submitted the classwork of the School to voluntary 
inspection of an outsider a distinguished educator, Dr. Alt- 
house, Headmaster of the University of Toronto Schools, who 


spent the best part of two days at T.C.S. Dr. Althouse, acknowl- 
edged to have the best taught school in the province, reported 
very favourably on his visit. "He was most impressed by the tone 
of the School," Dr. Orchard told the Board of Governors, "and 
by the keen interest shown by all masters in our various activities 
and by the scholarship of all the masters. He spoke very favour- 
ably on the teaching ability of several. In the case of some masters 
he pointed out to me what appeared to him as weak points in 
their methods and I am in a position to help these men by taking 
them into my confidence." It is clear at this time that the majority 
of the staff were loyal in their support of Dr. Orchard, repudiat- 
ing "the ill-considered memorandum sent to the Board of Gov- 
ernors without the Headmaster's knowledge". They submitted 
four resolutions to the Board to this effect but at the same time 
suggested there were matters in the report that needed attention. 

It seemed advisable, therefore, to clear the air and to this end 
the Board appointed a committee under the Chairmanship of 
General Cartwright to investigate the situation at the School. 
The committee's report was brought to the attention of the Board 
at a special meeting on June 27, three weeks after it had been 
appointed. It contained a complete vindication of the Head- 
master's conduct of affairs and a request for the wholehearted 
support of the Governing Body on his behalf. The committee 
pointed out, however, that they did not concur in the Head- 
master's interpretation of what constituted regular meetings with 
the staff and recommended that such meetings be held at least 
monthly at a specified day and hour, "that they be so conducted 
that every master is encouraged to express himself fully and freely 
concerning the method of teaching, the supervision of the pupils 
and all other matters pertaining to the welfare of the School". 

With respect to Dr. Orchard, General Cartwright reported: 
"The Headmaster is wrapped up in the School and his only 
thought in all his actions is to do what he considers best for its 
welfare and he is almost broken-hearted over existing conditions. 
He has carried a very heavy burden and in his efforts to make the 
School a success he has gathered practically the entire control of 
every detail into his own hands. In dealing with these various 
questions, the fact must not be forgotten that he has brought the 


School up to its present level, that he did wonderful work after 
the fire, and during the planning and reconstruction of the new 
School, he was of great assistance to the architect and the build- 
ing committee." 

For weeks Dr. Orchard had been receiving letters announcing 
the regretful withdrawal of boys because of the depression. He 
derived some consolation from expressions of goodwill in the 
letters from parents who calmly faced their own personal losses 
and rose above the petty temptation to lay the blame for their 
action on the School. "I am sorry to say that this will be about 
the last account I will have to pay my old School," wrote one 
father. "I find that this depression, especially in our business, has 

so reduced my income that I am unable to send back to 

T.C.S. in September. I feel very badly about this but it cannot 
be helped. However, I am pleased to think that I sent all my 
sons to my old school. With kindest regards and deep gratitude 
for all your goodness to my boys." 

The Upper School results in June 1932 had been good, with 
256 papers written and 85% passed. In McGill matriculation, 
159 papers had been written and 88% passed. Middle School 
results were less encouraging with only 72% passed. On the other 
hand, four boys had won academic distinction for the School: 
T. P. Moss had captured the Wellington Scholarship for Classics 
at Trinity College, Toronto; W. G. Cox had been awarded two 
scholarships on entry to the California Institute of Technology; 
R. M. Powell had been awarded the Mathematics Prize for Gen- 
eral Proficiency at R.M.C. and T. D. Archibald won the coveted 
distinction of being selected Best All Round Cadet there. Never- 
theless, Dr. Orchard continued his efforts to increase the aca- 
demic efficiency of the staff by promoting visits of outstanding 
teachers from other schools. He was at a loss to explain persistent 
Toronto rumours that contrived to undermine the good name 
of the School. No one was yet aware of the malignant blight that 
followed in the wake of fear. And it would be several years yet 
before the idea crystallized in the famous words of Franklin 
Delano Roosevelt: "We have nothing to fear but fear itself". 
Indirectly, Dr. Orchard was to become one of the earliest victims 
of forces beyond the control even of his Board of Governors. By 


June 1932, he had become reconciled to living with anxiety. 
Dr. Grant of Upper Canada College, writing to congratulate him 
on his "strong and resolute" cricket team, spoke of what a real 
pleasure it was "to see you looking so much better than when I 
saw you in the autumn". The worst hurdle might well have 
seemed surmounted as General Cartwright's committee rendered 
the verdict in his favour later in June. Even the catastrophic drop 
in numbers in the fall was something he could now face with 
firm resolution. 

The cricket team to which Dr. Grant referred had been one 
of the best in years, playing a strong Upper Canada team to a 
draw, though that was enough to give U.C.C. the championship. 
Outstanding batsmen during the season had been W. G. Warden 
with 82 runs against Ridley, and W. M. Vaughan with 50 against 
U.C.C. The outstanding bowling of C. A. Heurtley, the captain, 
against St. Andrew's College, and W. J. Mickle against Ridley, 
had contributed greatly to the success of the season. 

A full Board meeting was called on December 14, 1932, at 
which further criticism of the Headmaster's administration was 
tabled in a letter received by the secretary. Dr. Orchard pointed 
out that the School was better staffed than it had ever been, and 
"my grip is wider and firmer". Nevertheless he realized that the 
debt and the depression had conspired to destroy his usefulness 
to the School, and his growing deafness was becoming a troubling 
affliction. He asked the Board to accept his resignation to be 
effective the following September. In view of the complete sur- 
prise with which his resignation was received by the Board, the 
Chairman suggested that no immediate action should be taken 
but that the members of the Governing Body carefully consider 
the matter, discuss it among themselves and deal with it at the 
next meeting. On the 2ist the Board met again and decided 
reluctantly to accept Dr. Orchard's resignation, at the same time 
expressing their appreciation of all that the Headmaster had 
done for the School. A letter from the bank was also tabled, 
proposing that in return for a first mortgage on the entire School 
property, the bank would agree to an extension of the present 
overdraft of some $270,000 on the building loan and $15,000 on 
the current operating account. Meanwhile the executive com- 


mittee was empowered to make enquiries for a suitable replace- 
ment as Headmaster. In the midst of all these worries, it is a heart- 
warming sidelight on the character and interest of Dr. Orchard 
that he remembered to send a telegram congratulating Argue 
Martin on winning the Canadian Amateur Squash Racket 
Championship for 1933. 

When the Board met next on February i, 1933, the executive 
committee reported that the choice of Headmaster had been 
reduced to three or four names and that, while it was desirable 
a clergyman should be appointed, it was not essential. The con- 
sensus of opinion was that a Canadian should be appointed or 
at least a man with considerable Canadian experience. The 
Board also approved Dr. Orchard's plan to take the whole school 
to Montreal on February 24 for the purpose of putting on a 
gymnastic and physical training display to foster interest among 
the School's Montreal friends. If he could not save the situation 
himself, Dr. Orchard was resolved to smooth the way for his 
successor. Arrangements were made to hold the meet at the 
Westmount Armouries and the attendance of 700 enthusiastic 
parents and Old Boys attested the unqualified success of the 

"The work presented during the evening," said the Montreal 
Gazette, "was simply the regular classwork carried on three days 
a week. In each number on the programme there was evidence 
of careful training, illustrated in the well-executed movements 
and almost complete unison seen at all times. 

"The senior squad distinguished itself on the horizontal bar, 
parallel bar, vaulting horse and at tumbling. Probably the best 
of the four was the parallel bar work at which a team of 1 6 per- 
formed with grace and agility. Several of the movements on this 
apparatus were more difficult than might be expected from 
school boys. 

"Eighty boys were seen in the final physical training display in 
which routine movements were performed together in a way that 
made the number quite stirring." 

Sergeant-Major Batt, who had been in charge of the work for 
the past twelve years, was highly praised for his efforts. Half 
Colours, awarded for the first time in 1933 to Gym, Oxford Cup, 


and Squash, went to the top gymnast, J. B. A. Fleming, and to 
W. S. Chadwick, R. T. West, L. M. K. Reed, J. Bilkey, H. L. 
Goodshall, P. H. McCloskey, B. D. Russel, C. C. Padley, T. L. 
Reid, and W. M. Vaughan. 

The boys of the School were to reveal their gymnastic skill on 
two other important occasions before the end of the year. On 
May 8 they performed before the Governor General and Lady 
Bessborough who honoured the School by their presence on 
Inspection Day. The Vice-regal party was received in front of 
Trinity House by the Headmaster and a Guard of Honour under 
the command of W. T. Whitehead, the Head Prefect. The second 
occasion was at the Eglinton Hunt Club Horse Show on May 1 2 
and 13. Their second performance on the Saturday evening was 
attended by His Honour, Lieutenant-Governor Bruce. Dr. 
Orchard must have been proud of the impression created by the 
boys on both occasions. 

On June 3, at the Old Boys' cricket game, W. W. Stratton, 
President of the O.B.A., presented Dr. Orchard with a cheque 
subscribed to by the Old Boys as a token of the esteem in which 
he was held. On June 8, in a letter to the Headmaster elect, 
Dr. Orchard spoke of the dinner given in his honour the previous 
evening by the Headmasters of the various Independent Schools. 
"I thoroughly enjoyed the whole event which breathed a spirit 
of wonderful friendliness." Speech Day on June 23 concluded 
the last of Dr. Orchard's official duties and he could retire know- 
ing in his heart that no man could have been more zealous in 
the performance of the many tasks that fall to the lot of a Head- 


The Ketchum Era-Early Years 

A New Headmaster 

ON APRIL 19, 1933, the executive committee requested a 
special meeting of the Governing Body to prepare the way 
for the appointment of a new Headmaster. It now seemed 
necessary to amend the Constitution of the Corporation deleting 
the condition requiring the Headmaster to be "a clergyman of 
the Church of England in Priest's Orders". The amendment 
was carried without a dissenting vote. Following the reading 
of a letter from Francis Parkman, Headmaster of St. Mark's 
School, it was unanimously resolved that Philip Ketchum be 
appointed Headmaster of the School. In his letter regarding 
Mr. Ketchum, after referring to his excellent work as a teacher, 
Dr. Parkman continued: "In his academic work I should call 
him progressive in the best sense of the word much more than 
a merely routine teacher, interested in boys as individuals and 
anxious to bring them out, ready to profit by and to try new 
ideas without being a mere experimenter. He is universally 
liked and respected by the boys; he maintains discipline without 

fuss or unnecessary sternness Mr. Ketchum would be an ideal 

housemaster. His character and ideals are of the highest." In a 
postscript Dr. Parkman added that Mrs. Ketchum was both 
charming and capable qualities that in the long run were to 
seal the success of her husband's administration. 

Meanwhile, the early prospects of that administration were 
grim. So far only five new boys were registered for the fall term. 
On the other hand, the Governing Body had obtained a brief 
respite from the most pressing financial worries. The bank had 



agreed to defer capital charges on the School's building debt for 
five years, taking as security new bonds to the aggregate principal 
of $300,000 payable on May i, 1938. A breathing space only. But 
it would give the new Headmaster time to lay his plans time 
to ride out the storm and prepare for a revival of public con- 
fidence and prosperity. 

As Dr. Parkman pointed out, the Governing Body had rare 
good fortune to find such a man in their hour of crisis. Philip 
Ketchum came of a family deeply rooted in southern Ontario, 
the fourth son of Judge and Mrs. Ketchum of Cobourg. Like his 
brothers, he attended Trinity College School, completing his 
matriculation in 1916. And like so many other young men of the 
School, his first thoughts were of war service. He applied for 
admission to the Royal Flying Corps but was refused on account 
of age. For a year he summoned what patience he could and 
accepted a post as junior master at Lakefield Preparatory School, 
then went on to Trinity College in October 1917. By February 
his application for enlistment in the Royal Flying Corps was 
accepted and he went overseas in July 1918 for training. In 
December 1918 he was gazetted Second Lieutenant as a pilot on 
scout machines. But the war was over. His thoughts once more 
focused on the academic career that had scarcely begun. 

Returning to the University of Toronto, he plunged into 
campus life, played on the University rugby team, the Trinity 
hockey team, and held a number of important undergraduate 
posts, including President of the University Rugby Club, 
Honorary Secretary of the Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union, 
President of the Trinity Athletic Association and Vice-President 
of the Trinity College Literary Institute. Following graduation, 
he spent a year on the staff of the Upper Canada Preparatory 
School, then returned to T.C.S. as a Junior School master. 
During his three years at the School he found time to qualify for 
his Bachelor of Pedagogy at the University of Toronto. In the 
autumn of 1927 he was accepted at Emmanuel College, Cam- 
bridge, where he read the English Tripos, being awarded his 
degree of B.A. with second class honours in 1929. He then became 
an assistant master at St. Mark's School, Southborough, Massa- 
chusetts. It was in his fourth year at St. Mark's at the age of 32, 


that he accepted his new post as Headmaster of Trinity College 
School a post that was to demand from him in the next few 
years all his resources of courage, persistence and tact. He would 
hazard his own future and that of his wife and four small children, 
trading the relative security of his present post for a challenging 
adventure in living that would at times bring him close to the 
brink of despair. 

The New Regime 

For a Headmaster who was to establish a reputation that gave 
him international status as an educator during the next three 
decades, the beginnings were far from auspicious. Philip 
Ketchum's first official act, made necessary as the economic crisis 
began to exert its full impact on Canada, was to close the Junior 
School. It was a painful decision to make at such a time, but by 
August 1933 it became apparent that further major economies 
would be necessary. There had been a further serious decline in 
enrolment, leaving only 99 boys in the Senior School and 28 in 
the Junior School. While total enrolment was down by 10 boys, 
there was one encouraging sign 36 new boys compared to 15 
for the previous year. Meanwhile retrenchment was imperative. 
The Junior School boys were moved to Trinity House at a sav- 
ing of $4,000 in administrative costs. 

A further encouragement, provided one did not look too far 
beyond the present, was to be found in other areas affecting the 
School's financial predicament. Holders of more than $100,000 
worth of the first mortgage bonds postponed their claims to the 
claims of the Bank of Toronto. And eight members of the Board 
of Governors, Messrs. Bogert, Osier, Jellett, Seagram, Dawson, 
Cassels, Strathy and Provost Cosgrave, personally guaranteed a 
school overdraft of $10,000. 

On October 18, Philip Ketchum attended his first Board meet- 
ing, determined to banish gloom from his thoughts and present 
to the members his plans for a brighter future. He used the 
occasion to familiarize the members with the new administra- 
tion, though there were few noticeable changes. Classes began at 
8.15 and ran through to i p.m. with a fifteen minute break at 


10.30. Following afternoon games, a half hour's study preceded 
one more class before the evening meal. Evening Chapel 
occupied 15 minutes, followed by study. Saturday classes ended 
at 11.30 with a short study in the evening, only rarely to be 
cancelled by leave to a good movie. On Sunday, there was early 
Communion at 8, Morning Service at 10 a.m. with an address 
and shortened evening service at 5.15. An hour of the evening 
was devoted to a letter-writing period. 

He was careful to point out, however, that it was what went 
on in these impressionable hours of a boy's life that was really 
significant. "In the past," he said, "we have failed largely to teach 
the boy how to study for himself and we have often failed to 
imbue him with a real desire for learning." To spur a boy to do 
his best, weekly standings were to be posted and monthly per- 
centages published and sent home on report cards. His following 
remarks expounded a policy that would only gradually be realiz- 
able but would in the long run be the key to the School's growing 

"The policy in the past of accepting and keeping anyone 
irrespective of whether or not he is of matriculation calibre and 
promoting him automatically must have the effect of increasing 
the number of failures and the number of dissatisfied parents. 
For the first time in the School's history, tests of academic promise 
have been given and the results support the view of the staff that 
a significant percentage are not equipped academically to do 
matriculation work. If Trinity College School is to be a prepara- 
tory school for the university, as it has been in the past, and is 
to win for itself a reputation for scholastic success, then I must 
cease to promote boys until they have passed the standard re- 
quired. I must advise parents well before time as to the proba- 
bilities of success or failure of their boys at their matriculation 
examinations and I look forward to the day when I shall be able 
to have an entry examination and be able to choose my new boys 
from the crowd clamouring at the gates. But before that day 
can come, I am afraid some boys may be withdrawn because I 
shall not allow them to be promoted if they cannot do the work." 
These principles were never lost sight of in the difficult days 
ahead, and while various expedients had to be resorted to over 


the years to enable boys to continue at the School, they were 
triumphantly vindicated in the post-war period when it became 
necessary to introduce selective entrance examinations because 
of the large numbers of applicants 'clamouring at the gates'. 

One of the expedients devised to help boys achieve their full 
potential was a School Leaving Course instituted two years later 
to prepare boys directly for the business world. The necessity for 
such training the Headmaster outlined in a letter to the Old 
Boys in December 1933. "For most of the boys in the private 
schools, the only light at present is the beacon of the University, 
with its opportunities for further self-realization and profes- 
sional training, but it is obvious that many will not benefit 
greatly by being exposed to all that a university has to offer, even 
should they be admitted. These boys are the problems of every 
school and it seems that some broader training should be devised 
for them, more suited to their capabilities. As things are, they are 
forced into the same mould as their academic-minded brothers 
because the matriculation certificate is the only generally recog- 
nized standard of school graduation which they can obtain." 

The School Leaving Course, though instituted to fulfil a real 
need, was destined to be short lived in a school whose numbers 
were too few to make such a division economically feasible. 'The 
Sleep Lovers' Club', as the boys named the S.L.C. lasted only 
two years. T.C.S. was to remain predominantly an academic 
institution dedicated to the task of turning out able men, fitted 
to assume leadership in the country at large. Apart from their 
academic studies, continuing emphasis was to be placed on Art, 
Music and crafts, in order that each boy might develop his full 
potential. But they would remain peripheral to the main task 
in hand. 

One of the basic concerns of any boarding school is, of course, 
discipline, and in this field the new Headmaster had strong 
convictions. He believed that true leadership was basically a 
question of self-discipline and, given the proper environment 
and example, corporal punishment could be abandoned. For the 
time, at least, public sentiment was still on the side of the "birch 
rodders" whose views were crystallized by Mrs. H. P. Plumptre, 
Chairman of the Toronto Board of Education at that time. 


"There were certain cases where a sound strapping was the only 
way of disciplining a student," she opined when asked to com- 
ment upon a public statement by the new Headmaster of Trinity 
College School to the effect that "corporal punishment had never 
yet justified itself". 

He never abandoned the belief that the only system of govern- 
ment that is satisfactory is one in which the governed cooperate 
with the governors to such an extent that the term 'governor' 
becomes almost a misnomer and 'leader' should take its place. 
He quoted Benjamin Franklin in support of his conviction: 
"That government is best which governs least". With this idea 
in mind he gave more privileges to the senior boys, trusting them 
and frankly asking for their cooperation. But traditions die hard 
in a boarding school and the transfer of corporal punishment 
from staff to senior boys was not what he had in mind. The final 
verdict on discipline would be decided almost twenty years later 
after an episode which finally enabled him to banish the last 
vestiges of corporal punishment administered by senior boys 
through the exercise of the 'prefect's paddle' a change which 
was not universally applauded among Old Boys and continued 
to be a subject that was hotly debated at their gatherings. Many 
boys felt that the constant "competition" with the prefects was 
both sporting and good fun. It produced one novel situation 
when a quirk of time found Peter Saegert the fagmaster of his 
uncle, Michael Joy, a new boy. Ross LeMesurier was hardly likely 
to forget his dealings as a prefect with Mike Phillips whose 
capacity for mischief seemed inexhaustible. Mike achieved some- 
thing of a record for 'tannings' and accepted them as a badge of 
honour, pleased to recall that many of them had been admin- 
istered by a prefect whose later record of gallantry in the Second 
World War won him the M.C. Henceforth, however, the 
demands of leadership would challenge the best that was in a 
boy for there remained now only one court of last resort per- 
sonal example. A far cry, indeed, from conditions at the school 
fifty years before. Quietly, and almost imperceptibly under the 
aegis of its new and progressive Headmaster, T.C.S. moved for- 
ward into the twentieth century. 

Questions of academic standards and discipline were to occupy 


many of his working hours in the years that lay directly ahead 
and it is significant that he altered the wording of the School 
Prayer from 'obedience and zeal' to 'understanding and zeal'. 
Like his predecessors, Philip Ketchum believed in the virtue of 
games as a moulder of strong character, and to promote full 
participation by the School, he permitted organized cheering, 
prohibited under Dr. Orchard. He encouraged his boys to give 
their best to a game by joining them on the football field. He 
himself had been an outstanding player on an unusually fine 
Varsity team. Twenty-five years later, as fullback on an Old Boys' 
team, he was still able to save a critical situation by his kicking. 
Now in the late autumn of 1953, he was able to report a success- 
ful first season of football. Under the captaincy of G. B. Knox, 
the first team managed to beat U.C.C. twice, a feat no other 
T.C.S. team had ever achieved. Auguring well for the future, the 
third team won all its games except a practice scrimmage against 
Port Hope. The fifth team was beaten only twice, and the Junior 
School soccer team not only won all its games but never had a 
point scored against it. Undoubtedly school morale had been 
given a great boost by the presence and enthusiasm of the new 

One event occurred at this time to sadden many members of 
the T.C.S. family. During the summer of 1933, Dr. Rigby died. 
As the Rev. Canon Oswald Rigby, he had been Headmaster of 
Trinity College School from 1903 to 1913 and was a Life Member 
of the Governing Body. The members of the Board paused in the 
midst of their serious deliberations at the annual meeting to pay 
tribute to his memory, and the Headmaster expressed personal 
concern at losing one upon whom he had counted for wise 
counsel and advice. 

It was indeed a time for wise counsel. On the one hand, the 
Headmaster must maintain the present level of services as a very 
minimum. But to do so would aggravate the financial situation 
even further. On the other hand, if further cut-backs were made, 
the School could not cope with an anticipated increase in num- 
bers. For a year at least, it seemed there might still be a further 
decline in enrolment. With the low level of salaries now being 
offered for staff, it would have been difficult to attract good men 


in normal times. But times were far from normal and in this 
respect the depression was to benefit the School. As he told the 
Board in January: "I am working my masters much harder than 
they were worked last year but we can never expect the willing 
enthusiasm and infectious love of learning we should like to have 
unless we can properly reward masters for their services." 

The question of food was another problem he had to face. In 
the last year of his predecessor's regime food costs had been pared 
but this had proved false economy as tactful letters from some 
parents hinted. Indeed, if morale were to be boosted, the place 
to start was in the kitchen and Philip Ketchum's first Christmas 
supper as Headmaster was a gala affair. The dining hall was 
festive with decorations. As prosperity returned, Trinity College 
School would become well known for the excellence of the food 
served. Like Napoleon, Philip Ketchum believed in the virtue 
of a full stomach. His own experience of boarding school life had 
convinced him that 'plain living and high thinking' were not 
consistent with the needs of growing boys. And to translate his 
theory into action, he was fortunate in attracting to T.C.S. over 
the years a series of highly competent dietitians. Their numbers 
included Mrs. Wright, Mrs. Wilkin and Mrs. Clarke. The recent 
appointment of Mrs. Bradshaw by Mr. Scott has been equally 

In the daily life of vigorous, healthy boys, there was no room 
for the gloom that affected their elders in these uncertain times. 
Rarely had southern Ontario experienced so much continuous 
cold weather. Even Lake Ontario had a firm covering of ice and 
three bold adventurers from T.C.S. performed the unusual feat 
of skating out to the Gull Rock Lighthouse. Twenty-four years 
later at an Old Boys' luncheon, Dr. Harry Scott was to reveal that 
he, Dunbar Russel and Jimmy Mitchell had been the heroes of 
the episode. This feat had first occurred at the School in the 
early 18705. The Ven. Archdeacon Ingles recalled "the glorious 
skate" several of them had when the lake was frozen as far as the 
Lighthouse. In true explorer fashion the boys at that time in- 
scribed the fact of their achievement on the lighthouse, now 
regrettably removed. A hockey league was formed that winter 
of 1934 with Lakefield, St. Andrew's and Pickering participating, 


but as the problem of play-offs remained insoluble, the season 
ended in a three-cornered tie. School morale was high as a dance 
week-end in February brought the sound of high heels and 
feminine laughter to hitherto monastic corridors. 

School spirit was given a further boost by the visit of Sir 
Archibald Macdonell, K.C.B., D.S.O., C.M.G., one of the 
School's most distinguished Old Boys. In accepting the Head- 
master's cordial invitation to inspect the Cadet Corps in May, he 
was moved to say "T.C.S. gave me my viewpoint in life, taught 
me to play the game, play cricket and all that glorious word means 
and stands for". What influence his words may have had it is, of 
course, impossible to say, but under the skilful eye of Arthur 
Grace and the coach, Peter Lewis, the level of cricket play con- 
tinued to improve. The season ended in a signal victory over 
Ridley in which Doug Wigle, the captain, scored 101 runs not 
out. The total for the side was a spectacular 213 runs for 7 
wickets. Other members of this team included George Rathbone, 
Pat Osier, Dal Russel, Bob Keefer, Eric Cochran, Bill Vaughan, 
Fred Smye, Bob Whitehead, Jim Kerr, and Charlie Seagram. 
This encouraging finale led the Hon. R. C. Matthews to write 
and suggest a limited cricket tour of Western Ontario. The idea 
was well received in all quarters and although the team earned 
only one clear-cut victory, the School name became much better 
known in that area of the province. 

On Speech Day, the Headmaster touched upon one of the 
major weaknesses of Ontario education the matriculation sys- 
tem. "To my mind," he said, "it is to a great extent strangling 
our efforts to educate, to really enthuse youth about affairs of 
the intellect. Education is being reduced to a matter of passing 
papers. . . There is no need for this drying up of interest, pure 
fountains of enjoyment, and we must work unceasingly for a 
change." Over the years, he persisted in these views. But depart- 
mental wheels grind slowly, and it was not until 1964, thirty-one 
years and many public speeches and articles later, that the first 
major changes in curriculum took into account the criticism 
leveled at public education that spring day. 

In August 1934, with the death of the Primate of the Anglican 
Church in Canada, the School lost one of its most prominent Old 


Boys. The Most Rev. Clarendon Lamb Worrell had been at 
school under the Rev. Mr. Badgley and Dr. Bethune, entering 
Trinity College on a Wellington Scholarship. For many years his 
Church appointments were paralleled by teaching posts and for 
12 years he was Professor of English Literature at the Royal 
Military College. In 1904 he was elected Bishop of Nova Scotia 
and in 1915 became Metropolitan Area Bishop of the Ecclesiasti- 
cal Province of Canada. The peak of his career was reached in 
1931, when he was elected Primate of All Canada. An Old Boy, 
Reginald V. Harris, Chancellor of the Diocese of Nova Scotia, 
summed up his career in the following words: "Long known as 
'the administrator', every difficulty and crisis was to him a chal- 
lenge and the great achievements made under him will stand as 
a monument to him, his earnestness of purpose and intrepid 

When the School re-opened in September 1934, the Head- 
master's gloomy forecast of reduced numbers became a reality. 
Although the term opened with only 118 boys, the drop was 
smaller than it had been for three years and, more encouraging, 
there had been a slight increase in the number of New Boys to 
the Senior School. The Junior School numbers had shrunk to 27. 
It was still too soon to tell what these figures might portend. 
Meanwhile, further major changes in staff had occurred includ- 
ing the loss of Mr. Geldard who had given long and valued 
service to the School. Among the newcomers, Charles Scott, 
former Headmaster of King's College School, Nova Scotia, was 
to become a tower of strength during his long stay both as a 
teacher and as Brent Housemaster. But during the lean financial 
years, there was no disguising the fact that the fabric of the School 
had seriously deteriorated. Resuscitation could not properly 
be carried out with shabby equipment. Philip Ketchum, in his 
dual role as Headmaster and bursar, had had a good look at the 
financial situation and was almost appalled at the task ahead. 
He told his Board at the annual meeting in October that a com- 
mittee should be set up to devise a plan for the gradual elimin- 
ation of the debt so that "we shall not have that incubus around 
our necks indefinitely". Even if the School were full with 200 
boys for twenty years, the debt would not be paid off without 


liberal donations. "If I have sounded discouraged, it is only 
because of our desperate financial condition which I feel must 
be put in order before there can be any feeling of security among 
those connected with the School." To ease the strain on the Head- 
master, it was unanimously agreed that the position of bursar 
must be revived. 

Little Big Four Champions 

Meanwhile the spirit of the School was excellent. The Head- 
master was determined not to make a fetish of athletics, but on 
the other hand the School might benefit from the prestige that 
a football championship could achieve. The goodwill and enthu- 
siasm that now existed together with the promising football form 
that had been manifested the previous season might just do it. 
He was fortunate, too, in being able to secure the services of 
Milton Burt as first team coach. During his three years in charge 
of football, he became very popular with the boys and the School 
derived the full benefit from his previous experience as coach 
with Sarnia Imperials, Western University and Queen's. On 
Saturday, September 29, a dull, wet day, the team was confident 
as they took on St. Andrew's in the first of their Little Big Four 
matches. They ended the day with a 2 1-1 victory. Singled out for 
special praise were Doug Armstrong on the line, Eric Cochran 
and Bob Keefer in the backfield, and Geoff Archbold for his 

Their second test came a week later when T.C.S. was at home 
to Upper Canada. Playing conditions were excellent and the 
game moved at a fast pace with the two teams very evenly matched. 
T.C.S. emerged with their second victory by a narrow 12-7 
margin, but confident that in spirit, at least, they were ready for 
the strongest challenge. With home and home matches being 
played with both S.A.C. and Upper Canada, nothing was left to 
chance. On the 2oth, the return match with S.A.C. produced 
another win, this time with a score of 18-7, despite an opponent 
who showed much more stamina and fight than in the first en- 

On the 27th they met U.C.C. again on Upper Canada grounds 


in a tight, evenly played game, in which only superior condition- 
ing enabled them to eke out a 5-2 victory. 

Ridley had not participated in the home-and-home series, and 
as a result the championship now hung on the final game with 
them at Varsity Stadium on November 3. At three-quarter time, 
Ridley was leading 11-3. Then, taking advantage of the newly 
introduced forward pass, T.C.S. took to the air. Two beautifully 
executed passes from Kline to Keefer made Little Big Four his- 
tory as each 25 yard pass set up a touchdown. T.C.S. emerged 
hot, tired, and breathless, but magnificently triumphant, on the 
long end of a 13-11 score. It was the first football team in the 
School's history to go undefeated and untied, a feat that was to 
be excelled only once during the first hundred years. The rest of 
the story must be told in the words of a Toronto newspaper 

"Those who were fortunate enough to be present at the all- 
important Little Big Four game at Varsity Stadium on Saturday 
morning, meaning those who had no direct affiliation with either 
Trinity College School or Ridley College, will not forget the 
finish in a long time. Not only the last period attack by T.C.S. 
which gave them a 13-11 victory and the championship, but the 
reaction of the T.C.S. supporters who saw their team win after 
a space of 23 years. All season T.C.S. has been doing better than 
for years, but on Saturday they seemed doomed to defeat by a 
combination of their own mistakes and the breaks of the game. 
The Old Boys were practically resigned to the thought, 'Well, 
we should have won', when two forward passes paved the way to 
victory. First T.C.S. drew up to only five points in arrears and 
then they scored a touch to tie the score. There was great jubila- 
tion when Keefer tied the score, but the enthusiasm knew no 
bounds when Cochran converted. From then until the end of 
the game the spectators crowded along the touchlines, pleading 
with the players to hold or to break away, but T.C.S. held and 
won the title for the first time since 1911. Old Boys, some of them 
graduates of more than 50 years ago, were almost speechless 
when the game was over, standing around in little groups and 
basking in the glory of having a title once again. Others raced 
around shaking hands with everyone wearing the red and black, 


and still more sitting quietly in an effort to regain their com' 
posure after the thrilling final ten minutes." 

Members of the team included Eric Cochran, captain, George 
Renison, Gordon Rawlinson, Edward Keefer, Jake Kline, John 
Alden, Doug Armstrong, Bob Keefer, Gait Martin, Jim Cutten, 
Charlie Seagram, Frank Gibson, Geoff Archbold, 'Shorty' Truax, 
Jim Kerr and Hadley Armstrong. 

Athletic successes during the remainder of the year continued 
to maintain high morale. The Gym team under Mr. Batt's com- 
petent instruction won the Ontario Gymnastic Championship for 
the first time and the cadets won first place for Ontario in the Em- 
pire Shooting Competition. The track team, too, covered itself 
with glory when Jim Cutten became the only entrant out of 359 
competitors in the Ontario Championships to win three events, 
and the only one to break two Ontario records, the junior broad- 
jump and the junior 100 yard dash records which have never 
since been broken at the School. During Trinity Term, too, the 
Gym Team visited the Eglinton Horse Show where they were 
awarded the Lord Strathcona Trophy for excelling in every 
branch of physical training, another first for the T.C.S. record. 
The outstanding performers included Acton Fleming, Vernon 
Rowland, Hadley Armstrong, Bill Mood, Howard and Robert 
Smith, John Starnes and Douglas Martin all members of the 
First Gym Eight. 

Financial Crisis 

Administrative problems continued to plague the School. The 
loss of Mr. Ogle, who had resigned in December to establish a day 
school in Montreal, was keenly felt. The closing of the Junior 
School had been a severe blow to his hopes. The Headmaster felt 
it must be re-opened at the earliest possible moment but so far 
numbers for the coming year were not encouraging. In fact, the 
Headmaster considered they would be fortunate if there were no 
further decline. Meanwhile, eight Memorial Scholarships were 
to be established to attract good boys, despite the mounting debt 
of the School which now exceeded $435,000. By September 1935, 


a new crisis threatened. Following the death of Mr. C. B. Cleve- 
land, one of the School architects, his executors were threaten- 
ing suit for payment of the balance of the account. If court 
action ensued, the School might have to close. The Govern- 
ing Body held an informal emergency meeting in September and 
on October 16, at the annual meeting, a committee was formed 
to investigate ways and means of raising money for liquidating 
the School's liabilities. Mr. Dudley Dawson was convenor and 
the committee solicited the support of the Old Boys' Association 
through the appointment of the President, the Rev. C. J. S. 
Stuart, as one of its members. 

The successes achieved by the School during the past year in- 
clined the Headmaster to optimism despite the worsening 
financial crisis. He found time to interest the Martins, Argue, 
Hubert and Harald, in promoting an annual invitation squash 
tournament at T.C.S. and invitations were sent out to the ten 
leading Canadian players, including three champions and one 
former champion. The Record reported that "the finale between 
Hubert Martin, former Canadian champion, and Harald Martin, 
the present holder of the Quebec championship, was the best 
exhibition of squash ever seen by most of us". 

It was at this time that Mr. Ketchum undertook a series of 
what must be termed 'begging missions' in an attempt to interest 
the Carnegie and Rockefeller foundations in helping the School. 
He returned empty-handed and with a strong impression that no 
American philanthropic organization would help Canadians 
until more of them learned something of the joy of giving. One 
positive result of his visit, however, was a gift of Art teaching 
equipment from the Carnegie Corporation comprising a large 
number of books on Art and some eight hundred reproductions 
of the world's great paintings. But there was still no sign of "the 
copious revenues" envisaged in 1870 and bankruptcy began to 
look inevitable. 

"It is not that we are just trying to pay for bricks and mortar 
extravagantly purchased," he told the Board. "We are trying to 
preserve the society which for 7 1 years has been the inspiration 
and affectionate interest of an important group of Canadian 
citizens and into which has been poured unselfishly the life-blood 


of many distinguished men. Surely we are not going to speak 
lightly of turning over such an institution to the Bank to let them 
try to collect possibly a quarter of its value in cold cash, for- 
saking indifferently the warm blood of well over three thousand 
Old Boys and former masters. 

"It is difficult to be patient at such discussions and I find myself 
tempted to shake the dust from my feet; but I am willing to con- 
tinue my fight if others more responsible than I am, are willing 
to help." 

He ended his remarks with a fervent plea. "The present morale 
of the School is excellent; we are wealthy in the vital ingredients 
of a good school, in happiness, comradeship, cooperation, 
courage, perseverance and all that true Christianity stands for; 
surely this will have its mark on the most valuable asset of our 
country and the world, our youth." 

Already, the men to whom he spoke had made very substantial 
contributions to the building of the Junior School and the re- 
building of the Senior School, all within the space of ten years. 
The burden had been a heavy one and the economic future of 
Canada was still far from clear. Unhesitatingly, however, Messrs. 
Baldwin, Bogert, Osier, Jellett, Seagram, Cassels and Strathy 
subscribed $6,500 as an initial payment of architect's fees and 
agreement was reached that enabled the balance to stand until 
August 1938. Once again the School had been offered a reprieve 
so that this man of faith might have his chance. 

Almost his first act was to persuade the Board to re-open the 
Junior School after Easter. It seemed now that, psychologically 
at least, it had been a mistake to close its doors. Numbers had 
been reduced almost to the vanishing point and any further delay 
might prove disastrous for the future of the whole School. Mr. 
Yates had taken over from Mr. Ogle and was to prove a strong 
support in this department which would now operate in the 
Junior School building with 24 boys. By September there was no 
question that the decision was a wise one for 20 new boys were 
registered for the Junior School alone as compared to five the 
previous year. 

Meanwhile, the Headmaster turned his attention to other ways 
and means of attracting more boys to T.C.S. At Easter he made 


a very successful tour of the West, visiting Old Boys and parents, 
and inspiring new enthusiasm wherever he went. Back again at 
his desk, he prepared a new illustrated booklet and organized a 
fairly extensive advertising campaign. The new School Leaving 
Course was begun in the autumn and this it was hoped would 
bridge the academic gap between the world of business and a 
university career. Temporarily at least, it served its purpose. 

At Easter, the Headmaster attended the first meeting of what 
was to become known as "The Headmasters' Association", a 
group comprising the Heads of all the larger independent schools 
of Canada. To a very large extent these schools lived in splendid 
isolation, broken only by their athletic rivalries that so often 
intensified the friction that was generated by their spirited com- 
petition. For three years now, Philip Ketchum had been hoping 
such a conference would be possible for he realized with the 
fresh vision of a newcomer on the scene that much could be done 
together. He was only too well aware of the harmful effects of 
indiscriminate rivalry. Twenty years later he could look back 
with pride on the substantial achievements of this association 
which he was optimistic enough to believe capable of "changing 
the whole course of education for the better". 

The first fruits of his unremitting zeal directly on behalf of the 
School for the past three years were revealed officially at the 
annual meeting of the Governing Body on October 21, 1936. 
The Headmaster had the great pleasure of announcing the fulfil- 
ment of a project initiated by a group of interested Old Boys for 
whom Harry Symons, President of the O.B.A., became the spokes- 
man. The School Cadet Corps was to be affiliated with No. 10 
Non-Permanent Squadron of the R.C.A.F. The following edi- 
torial on the affiliation had appeared in the Toronto Mail and 
Empire on September 17 and was widely discussed and appre- 

"Announcement was recently made that the Minister of 
National Defence has approved the affiliation of the Trinity 
College School Cadet Corps with No. 10 Squadron (City of 
Toronto) Non-Permanent Active Air Force, of which Squadron 
Leader W. A. Curtis is the commanding officer. This is believed 
to be the first time a school cadet corps has become associated 


with the Air Force, and it is considered an important forward 
step in the gradual recognition of the air as a means of trans- 
portation and of defence. 

"Many Old Boys of the School were pilots in the Air Force 
during the war, and some had most distinguished records. Air 
Vice-Marshal Bishop considers the affiliation an excellent idea, 
and believes it may be the beginning of a general move in that 

It was now becoming more and more apparent what Dr. Park- 
man had meant when he spoke of Philip Ketchum as a man with 
'progressive' ideas. The new affiliation created in the whole 
School an enduring pride in their corps. For a time they would 
have trouble with the new words of address 'Wing', 'Squadron', 
and 'Flight' instead of 'Company,' 'Platoon' and 'Section' but the 
smart new uniform of Air Force blue, paid for somehow, miracu- 
lously, speeded the process of adjustment. And while the standard 
khaki uniforms were abandoned, the fine traditions built into the 
corps by Sergeant-Ma j or Batt would find ample scope for expres- 
sion in the future. Even when the course of time brought him 
honour and promotion as an Air Force instructor, Squadron 
Leader Batt still revealed on parade the disciplined smartness of 
the British sergeant-major. 

More good news was forthcoming on the academic front. All 
members of the Sixth Form in 1936 passed successfully into either 
the University of Toronto or McGill and G. H. K. Strathy won 
three of the most valuable scholarships in Maths and Science 
offered at the University of Toronto, including a First Edward 
Blake, a Second Edward Blake and the Wellington Scholarship. 
Though Junior failures were somewhat higher than in the pre- 
vious year, there were over double the number of honours. For 
the first time in six years, a significant jump in enrolment had 
taken place. In addition to the good news from the newly re- 
opened Junior School, Senior School enrolment was up by 32. 
New additions to the staff included E. M. Davidson, G. H. Dixon, 
Dr. R. G. Glover, A. H. Humble and E. W. Morse who was 
returning after a three years' absence. "Present indications would 
lead me to believe that we have the best staff I have ever known 
at T.C.S.," he told the Board. He referred to the retirement of 


Dr. Forrest who had been School doctor for 3 1 years and whose 
wisdom had won for him numerous tributes during the past 
three years. He was replaced by Dr. Diamond for a two-year 
period and on his death by Dr. R. P. Vivian who had recently 
come to Port Hope from Akron, Ohio, where he had established 
an enviable reputation as a practitioner and consultant diagnos- 
tician. In the next few years, Dr. Vivian developed medical 
records of the boys that helped to prevent rather than cure 
disease. When he became a Member of the Provincial Legis- 
lature, Dr. R. McDerment carried on his good work, establish- 
ing over the years a reputation as a highly competent diagnos- 

After the Headmaster had announced the new Cadet Corps 
affiliation at the meeting of the Governing Body in October 
1936, the Secretary electrified the members by revealing a gift 
of $125,000 to the School. To qualify for the gift, however, the 
Board itself had to raise an additional amount sufficient to pay 
off the indebtedness both to the bank and to the architects. Mr. 
Britton Osier had talked the situation over with Philip Ketchum, 
learned at first hand of the perilous situation of the School and 
spoke to Mr. R. C. H. Cassels the next day. Shortly after this 
meeting he made his startling offer though at the time he insisted 
that the gift remain anonymous. It meant that the School must 
raise another $175,000. It was unanimously agreed that a cam- 
paign should be launched forthwith. As a prelude, the by-laws of 
the Constitution of the Board of Governors were to be amended 
to provide for twenty-four members in addition to those elected 
to life membership from time to time; three of the members 
would be elected by the Old Boys' Association. An appeal was 
ably organized by Mr. R. C. H. Cassels and Mr. R. P. Jellett. The 
whole campaign was conducted so quickly and quietly that few 
people outside the T.C.S. circle knew of it until in about two 
months' time it was practically completed. Mr. Cassels, review- 
ing this remarkable achievement at an Old Boys' reunion 
luncheon in honour of the contributors on June 2, 1937, stressed 
the fact that the unbounded confidence of the Governing Body 
in Mr. Ketchum, the Headmaster, had been a vital factor in their 
effort. Speeches were also made by Archbishop Renison and 


Mr. B. F. Gossage and at the conclusion three ringing cheers 
were given for those who had saved the School. 

A leading article in the Toronto Globe and Mail had this 
to say: 

"Loyalty to the old School is one of the most enduring traits of 
human nature. The scenes of youth generally and the friends of 
youth are not forgotten; but when these are associated with 
college halls and college activities - including classroom work, 
not always pleasant a more indelible impression is left on 

"An example of this is provided by news that the Old Boys 
and friends of Trinity College School, Port Hope, have, by their 
contributions, retired the building debt of the institution. As 
this amounted to more than $250,000 the generosity of Trinity's 
former students and the college's other friends may be under- 

"The Headmaster probably is right in his claim that this 
achievement is without parallel in the Dominion. By way of 
marking the occasion more than 200 of the college's Old Boys 
assembled on the familiar scene for a luncheon, and they had 
good reason to be proud of what they had done for their 'alma 
mater'. Most colleges rely to some extent on the continued sup- 
port of those who have graduated from their classrooms, and 
generally this is forthcoming in good measure. But $250,000 is 
a lot of money, and Trinity is not among the largest of this 
country's educational institutions. Therefore the loving loyalty 
of its graduates and friends is all the more creditable. And a 
college that holds thus the devotion of its Old Boys must be doing 
well the work that it has set out to do." 

In thanking the donors on behalf of the Governing Body, 
Mr. Cassels, as secretary, pointed out that approximately $900,000 
had been contributed to the School in the short space of the past 
fifteen years. This total included the sums contributed for the 
building of the Junior School, those which were subscribed for 
bonds of the School issued for the purpose of building the Junior 
School and which were subsequently given to the School or 
handed in for cancellation, those contributed for the purpose of 
rebuilding the Senior School and those which had recently been 
contributed for the purpose of paying off the School's debts. 


The Headmaster expressed his gratitude to all those who had 
made the miracle possible. "The School," he said, "will ever be 
truly grateful to those who have saved its life; no words can 
properly express the depth of our appreciation, but we hope that 
by our deeds in future years our benefactors will feel that their 
generous interest was not in vain." 

When it was clear to the Governing Body in April that the 
campaign for funds would reach its objective, it was unanimously 
resolved to put on record their sincere appreciation of the whole- 
hearted support, financial and otherwise, which had been given 
so generously to the School by Mr. and Mrs. Britton Osier during 
the past fifteen years and particularly of the magnificent gift of 
money which had recently been made by Mr. Osier and which 
had made it possible to free the School from debt. Later, as a 
further mark of gratitude, portraits of Mr. and Mrs. Osier were 
commissioned and presented to them for hanging in Osier Hall. 

Life within the School showed little sign of the stresses that 
had been threatening to destroy it. Perhaps because organized 
activities were much more limited than today when Hadley 
Armstrong, the Director of Athletics, integrates a multitude of 
activities into a comprehensive schedule, the boys created many 
of their own pastimes. Frequently, their high spirits led to fun 
and games in the Houses and required eternal vigilance on the 
part of the Housemasters and prefects. In Brent, Charles Scott 
was usually one step ahead of the most ingenious plots and plans. 
At one time, an older boy who was much enamoured of a local 
girl arranged a late rendezvous with her and hoped for the best. 
'Chinny' found him missing at midnight and laid a trap. On the 
arms of the door-closers of all six doors leading into Brent, he 
balanced a cooking pot. Then he sat outside his office until the 
'alarm' sounded. "Got you," he said, but in lieu of reporting the 
episode to the Headmaster, he had the culprit get up at 6.30 every 
morning to roll the cricket pitch. Never had it been in better 

Bill Speechley, the amiable Housemaster of Bethune for three 
years, adopted different tactics, best defined as pursuit and cap- 
ture, though the latter result rarely ensued. Until the Head- 
master had the happy thought of arranging an official fireworks 


display, the boys indulged their own whims in deciding when 
and where to discharge them. During World War II, George 
Renison, a former Head Prefect, reported he had met Speechley, 
now an instructor in mines and booby traps. He could not help 
feeling the T.C.S. training had stood him in good stead. Bill had 
been assigned the job after recovering from serious wounds 
during action on the Italian front. Jim Kerr, one of the outstand- 
ing athletes of the mid 19305 and now Executive-Director of the 
T.C.S. Association, often sees Bill on his visits to Winnipeg and 
many a tale is recalled of those exciting years. Anticipating the 
rocket age, Fred Topping once developed a booster with a timing 
device that made the darkness of the night horrendous as the ex- 
plosion tore a gaping hole in the turf in front of Bethune. The 
end of the era came when Tony Phillips decided to emulate the 
wartime feats of Peter Solly-Flood, a master on the staff who had 
parachuted into Yugoslavia as a British agent during World 
War II. Tony's grenade just failed to breach the wall of the class- 
room block where Solly-Flood was conducting a class. 

The Headmaster was able to report another good School year, 
nearing its conclusion, in April 1937. ^ n tne autumn there had 
been fears of a poliomyelitis epidemic but only one case had 
developed. The football team, captained by Jim Kerr, had given 
a good account of itself, being defeated in Little Big Four com- 
petition only by Ridley. As a result, Distinction Caps were 
awarded to Jim Cutten, Hadley Armstrong, Jim Kerr, George 
Renison, Howard and Robert Smith, and Bill Black, a fine 
athlete who was killed in the Air Force while on a reconnaissance 
mission during World War II. The hockey team, captained by 
Black, had a good season also, playing a clean, fast brand of 
hockey. The School spent an exciting day at Trenton Air Base. 
New enthusiasm had been engendered among a hard-working 
staff who, through their Senior Master, Mr. Andrew Morris, 
expressed their sincere appreciation to the Governing Body at 
the removal of the overwhelming burden of debt. 

Meanwhile the Headmaster had had several meetings with 
the executive of the Old Boys' Association with a view to a 
a reorganization of the Association. The task was a formidable 
one and much of the burden fell on the shoulders of Eric Morse, 


as Secretary of the Central Association. It now seemed to be an 
appropriate time to broaden an appeal for funds since a large 
number of Old Boys had not been asked to contribute to the 
recent fund. With the debt cleared away, it was possible to see 
more clearly that substantial funds would be vitally necessary 
to provide for scholarships, general maintenance, and a restora- 
tion of salary cuts that had taken place six years before. In gen- 
eral, however, it was felt that the time was not yet auspicious for 
the launching of another campaign that might fail in its objec- 
tive. The groundwork for such an appeal was prepared but as 
the clouds of war began to loom more ominously on the horizon, 
it became clear that a major effort would have to be postponed 
until more certain times. 

Preparations for the beginning of Michaelmas Term, 1937, 
were well advanced when it became obvious that the incidence 
of poliomyelitis cases was on the increase. The same situation 
had existed the previous summer but never reached epidemic 
proportions. Now, however, the disease was rampant in the larger 
centres of Ontario, though no cases had been reported in the Port 
Hope area. On September 3, the Headmaster felt it necessary to 
postpone the opening of School until September 20. But the 
disease continued to ravage the province, and opening was again 
postponed to October 5. As Montreal was not affected, it was 
decided to carry on classes there for boys in the McGill form and 
five masters helped in this way for a period of two weeks. Al- 
though the health authorities and the best specialists felt that 
risks were minimal by early October, the re-opening of the school 
was attended with considerable anxiety. The fears of staff and 
parents and boys were beginning to be allayed when on October 
18, the Headmaster had to report that a boy in the Junior School 
was suspected of having the dread disease. Though the boy had 
many of the symptoms, there was no sign of paralysis. 

The epidemic had run its course, and school life returned to 
normal. It had been an unfortunate beginning for a year that 
held great promise. Enrolment exceeded the fondest hopes as 
63 new boys swelled numbers to 176 boys. But the delayed open- 
ing meant that half-term breaks would have to be abolished, 
Christmas and Easter holidays reduced by a week each. Although 


the need for economy was as great as ever, it had been felt advis- 
able to maintain the 48 boys of the Junior School as a separate 
establishment. More staff were required for the re-opening of 
the Junior School kitchen and dining-room and the teaching staff 
would be further strengthened by the addition of Mr. Charles 
Tottenham. Another happy choice also occurred this year with 
the appointment of Mr. Hadley Armstrong as assistant physical 
training instructor. Once again, the Headmaster assumed the 
onerous duties of bursar as a matter of retrenchment, though he 
regretted giving up his teaching duties. 

At the annual meeting of the Governing Body in October, 
special tribute was paid to the memory of Mr. Dudley Dawson 
who died suddenly on May 24. He had been a boy at the School 
from 1889 to 1893 and a loyal friend and supporter of Trinity 
College School throughout his life. After the School was de- 
stroyed by fire in 1928, he was appointed Chairman of the Build- 
ing Committee and was elected a member of the Governing 
Body in 1931. At the same time the Board expressed its deep 
regret at the resignation of its secretary, Mr. R. C. H. Cassels, 
who had borne a heavy burden of responsibility in School matters 
for many years. From 1930 to 1937 he had generously applied 
himself to resolving the oft-recurring problems that beset the 
School, the rebuilding after the fire and the financing necessary 
for it, the depression and serious depletion of the School's num- 
bers and income, the change in headmaster, and finally the crisis 
of the steadily mounting debt. His resignation had come only 
after he had guided to an extraordinarily successful conclusion 
the most successful campaign ever made by an educational insti- 
tution up to this time in Canada. As a mark of esteem, his por- 
trait hangs in Osier Hall. His place on the Board was filled 
by Colonel J. W. Langmuir. 

One good result, at least, of the late opening of School was that 
committees of masters were set up to discuss the teaching of the 
various school subjects, and to try to discover means of improv- 
ing the classwork. Though matriculation exam results the pre- 
vious June had undoubtedly been the best achieved in recent 
years, some 40 percent of boys were below a safe 60% average 
at Christmas. Despite a fine group of boys in the School, tests of 


academic promise suggested that almost 25% of them seemed 
unfitted for university work. It appeared to the Headmaster that 
an entrance examination into the Senior School was the next step 
as soon as it was economically feasible to institute it. Meanwhile 
the staff examined their weaknesses, developing methods that 
a few years hence would enable them to look with pride upon 
matriculation classes that would establish academic records in 
the province. 

One of the great drawbacks to academic excellence was a lack 
of proper library facilities. Under the capable direction of Mr. 
Maier it was at last completely catalogued on the Dewey decimal 
system so that future expansion could proceed in an orderly 
way. "This is a vital side of School life," Mr. Ketchum told the 
Board, "and if we are going to promote more reading of good 
literature, which I have always believed to be of paramount 
importance, then no efforts should be spared to make the library 
attractive, helping it to become the real intellectual heart of the 
School." He was speaking for every member of the staff. 

About this time certain inadequacies in the design of the 
School buildings were becoming more apparent as a number of 
masters wanted to marry in the near future. Before being in- 
stalled as Headmaster, Philip Ketchum had written to Dr. 
Orchard inquiring about facilities for married men in the new 
building. He was aghast to learn from Dr. Orchard that no 
provisions for married men had been made in the design of 
the School since, in his view, a school functioned best when 
single men could devote themselves whole-heartedly to the inter- 
ests of the boys. Mr. Ketchum now had three men on the staff 
unalterably opposed to the continuation of their celibate 'state 
of grace'. In the Headmaster's view, these men were contributing 
too much to the progress of the School to be lost; a wholesale 
change of men would be detrimental to the welfare of the School. 
In any case, the break with the past had already been made with 
the appointment of Charles Scott, a married man, as House- 
master of Brent. Despite the expressed fears of some members 
of the Board, the recruitment of married men would accelerate 
as the years passed, bringing with them the tolerance and under- 
standing that made for a more satisfying life for boys separated 


from their families for so many months of the year. As the adviser 
system, instituted in 1933, became more firmly established, the 
boys often formed very close ties with staff members whose 
half-yearly reports provided far-sighted judgments for which 
many parents annually expressed their gratitude. 

While it had been felt inexpedient to appeal for more funds at 
this time, many friends of the School continued to give tangible 
expression of their goodwill through a multitude of gifts. An 
electric wave organ, the gift of Mr. Norman Seagram, helped in 
no small measure to restore Chapel music to the standard people 
had come to expect in the days of the old Chapel. As grass tennis 
courts became more and more difficult to maintain, two hard 
courts were presented by Colonel J. Ewart Osborne and Mr. 
R. P. Jellett who also assumed the cost of having the Brent and 
Bethune arms carved in the stone over the doors of the respective 

The War Years 

As the world moved from crisis to crisis during the late thirties, 
Canadians became uneasily aware that the freedom they had 
inherited from the sacrifices of the First World War might soon 
be in jeopardy once more. Their solidarity with the mother 
country was plainly evident during the visit of King George VI 
and Queen Elizabeth in May 1939; but there was a sombre ring 
to his Empire Day address broadcast from Winnipeg. Even 
Canadians, though far removed from the centre of conflict, were 
beginning to see the shape of events more clearly. It was time for 
a searching of hearts and a reappraisal of the future. 

Perhaps some intuitive feeling of personal involvement 
enabled the boys to make the Cadet Corps of 1939 "the best in 
the School's history" up to this time. They had more to do than 
usual, since in addition to the annual Inspection and Church 
parade in Port Hope, they visited St. Paul's Anglican Church in 
Toronto and helped to line the route for the Royal procession. 
Air Marshal Bishop, V.C., who took the Salute at the Inspection, 
Major General Williams, and Major General Alexander all took 
the trouble to write to the School expressing their admiration 


for the high standard of the T.C.S. cadets on parade. The officers, 
led by Cadet Wing Commander Jim Warburton, included Jack 
Langmuir, Hugh Russel, Tom Seagram, Eric Taylor, and John 
Wallace. Under Mr. Batt's instruction, the School came second 
in Canada in shooting, being nosed out by a decimal point in the 
competition for the Imperial Challenge Shield by the Victoria 
Sea Cadets. 

Although the School had not established any outstanding 
athletic successes during the year, the hockey team acquitted 
itself well under Hugh Russel's captaincy, as did the basketball 
team led by H. J. S. 'Sandy' Pearson. In cricket, one of the most 
thrilling games ever played at the School resulted in a victory 
over St. Andrew's. The first innings put S.A.C. into a comfortable 
lead with 90 runs to 48. In the second innings St. Andrew's were 
dismissed for a total of 89 runs. An hour and a quarter remained 
and 132 runs were needed for T.C.S. to win. Tom Seagram and 
Ed Cayley started off well but it remained for Peter Landry and 
Ralph Johnson to provide the excitement as they went in to- 
gether and began hitting everything that came their way. Almost 
every boy in the School now stood on the sidelines and cheering 
broke out; time was running out but runs were piling up and 
victory was within sight. The winning run came with ten minutes 
and four wickets to spare. 

On Speech Day 1939, the Headmaster proudly announced the 
unprecedented success of J. R. C. Cartwright who led the 
Dominion in the number and value of the scholarships awarded 
to him by the University of Toronto. He had also to report, 
regrettably, the death of the Rev. J. Scott Howard whose in- 
defatigable interest in the School had never waned over the 
years. A former student of U.C.C., he came to T.C.S. in 1871 
and remained for five years. During his last three years at School, 
he was captain and coach of the First Cricket team to which he 
gave his whole-hearted devotion. He gave the oldest Challenge 
Cup the School possesses, the Cricket Captain's Cup, and when- 
ever possible he was on the platform on Speech Day to give his 
Cup to the Cricket captain. In his eighty-second year, he paid 
his last visit to the School in 1938, and was still able to bowl 
a few balls. He hated to admit that age was beginning to slow 


him down. This year, too, the School lost the active participation 
in its affairs of Mr. Lawrence Baldwin ('72-'76) whose resignation 
from the Governing Body was most regretfully accepted. For 
sixty-seven years, twenty-three of them as a Governor of the 
School, Mr. Baldwin had been closely identified with the life of 
T.C.S., and when he died in 1941, his loss was deeply mourned. 
A descendant of Robert Baldwin who led the movement for 
responsible government in Upper Canada, he devoted his life 
to public affairs, became the first reeve of Forest Hill Village, 
and was particularly active in promoting the well-being of the 
Church. Despite his busy life, T.C.S. boys, masters and Head- 
masters often enjoyed the warmth of his hospitable home. Up 
to the time of his death, in addition to his four sons and a 
grandson, twenty-eight close relations of Mr. Baldwin had 
attended T.C.S. 

Although solid progress had been made during the first six 
years of his Headmastership, Philip Ketchum was fully aware 
that the future of the School still rested on the shifting quick- 
sands of change. His usual buoyancy of spirit was lacking as he 
met with the Board in April 1939. The previous term had been 
the most trying he had experienced, principally owing to the 
epidemic of grippe which had swept the School in March. A 
total of 140 boys had been affected though the great majority 
had only mild attacks. Their recovery was no doubt speeded up 
by the cheerful efficiency of the School nurse, Miss Rhea Fick 
who, like her successors, Miss Margaret Ryan and Mrs. Irene 
Scott, made the atmosphere of the hospital a pleasant sanctuary 
for those who were ill. Colonel Stevenson had been re-engaged 
and had been of great assistance in the emergency. 

Looking ahead, the Headmaster found the prospects grim 
indeed. Temporary war nerves could probably account for the 
serious increase in withdrawals for the following year, but war 
itself might have a disastrous effect on enrolment just as the 
School was beginning to recover from the depression. The pre- 
vious year, Mr. R. C. H. Cassels reported that almost all holders 
of the $81,500 worth of first mortgage bonds had agreed to sur- 
render them for cancellation. Despite this cheering news, how- 
ever, it looked as if the real task of building up the School had 


not even begun. Among the pressing needs of the future were 
a covered rink, masters' houses, housemasters' apartments, a new 
tuck shop, a new Chapel, a new and expanded library and read- 
ing room, an assembly hall, a new heating system, and funds for 
increasing wages and salaries. "Most important of all," the Head- 
master told the Board of Governors, "we need more endowed 
bursaries and the beginning of an endowment fund for the gen- 
eral operation of the School." 

Meanwhile, the tasks closer to hand required constant vigi- 
lance on the Headmaster's part in order to reduce unnecessary 
expenditures. He must not only promote confidence among the 
staff, loyalty among the boys, but also accept with equanimity 
both praise and criticism. It was an American headmaster, some- 
one once said, who, wearied by his mountainous pile of corre- 
spondence, discovered that each of his pupils had at least ten 
parents. Even Philip Ketchum's patience must have worn very 
thin after a two-year correspondence with a devoted mother 
involved him in writing over forty letters because the doctor 
gave the boy a clean bill of health. Although economic conditions 
were on the upswing, it was still necessary to write numerous 
tactful reminders to parents whose accounts were overdue and 
occasionally to suggest, though more rarely now, that more 
stringent action might be required to obtain payment of an 
account. Uncertainty about the future in 1939 produced side 
effects remarkably like those that arose during the last year 
of Dr. Orchard's regime. As in 1933, applications for entry to 
the School from Ontario almost reached the vanishing point 
while the representation from Quebec remained firm, showing 
some increase. The Headmaster requested the Board to bring 
to his attention any adverse criticism of the School that might 
seem to have some basis in fact. 

A Question of Football 

It was about this time that considerable heat was generated over 
athletic policy. With a great gathering of Old Boys anticipated 
for the following year to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the 
School's founding, it was only natural that some were dismayed 


at a proposal to abandon Canadian football as a school game. 
The reasons for doing so were, of course, weighty. The mounting 
cost of equipping teams seemed to some to be quite out of 
proportion to the benefits derived from the sport; all the Head- 
masters of the Little Big Four schools agreed that the game now 
suffered to some degree from professionalism, but Dr. Griffith 
of Ridley, though he lamented the direction the game was tak- 
ing, disagreed that it made excessive demands on a boy's time at 
school. There is no doubt whatever that the excessive rivalry 
among the schools was having an inimical effect by creating 
pressures on coach and school that had little to do with the spirit 
of the game. On the other hand, opposition to abandoning foot- 
ball was based on a healthy loyalty to a traditional game in which 
hard knocks developed physical courage, cooperative effort and 
cemented friendships that often endured for a lifetime. The 
rumour that T.C.S. might go it alone may have sparked moment- 
ary criticism among the School's supporters; in any event the 
Governing Body wisely decided not to make any change unless 
it received the support of all members of the Little Big Four 
group. The alternatives, English rugger or soccer, it was freely 
admitted, had no status in Eastern Canada, and to ignore this 
fact and take independent action would be to place the School's 
future in jeopardy. 

This airing of views over the merits of Canadian football was 
not the first that had developed over the question in the Little 
Big Four schools. In 1903, a year after the L.B.F. was organized, 
Upper Canada College favoured restoring the old rugger game 
for inter-school competition. T.C.S. and S.A.C. took a neutral 
position while Ridley supported the case for Canadian football. 
By 1907, the new Canadian rugby rules were accepted by all the 
schools. The Little Big Four committee rearranged the wing 
line so that players were one yard apart, accepted the new 
O.R.F.U. rules eliminating the rugger throw in from touch, and 
established 10 yards for three downs. Although kicking and 
lateral passing were the main characteristics of the game, the 
concentrated attack which included the flying wedge and the 
massed buck, relics of the old rugger scrum, still persisted in the 
game as a dominant feature until about 1915. 


The igth century game in Canada had been a variety of 
English rugger and could become a gruelling contest of sheer 
physical strength in mud, rain or even snow. Under such condi- 
tions, however, tempers were easily frayed as physical contact 
became almost continuous. When a free fight erupted between 
U.C.C. and T.C.S. in 1883, football competition between the 
schools was abandoned for eight years. When conditions made it 
impossible to heel the ball out cleanly from the scrum, always 
a skilled operation in rugger, the contest became a mass pushing 
attack. "Woe to the luckless wight who supports himself on his 
fellow-scrimmagers and takes a rest" read a game report of 1898. 
In this game, off-side passing plays awarded the opposing side 
a penalty kick, and in one game against Peterborough in 1898, 
there were 32 penalty kicks, fairly evenly shared. The problem 
of refereeing was therefore a difficult one. 

Throughout the 19205 the drop kick was popular and this was 
supplemented by the onside kick in 1922, a feature that accom- 
panied the introduction of the flying wing. The scrim, the last 
vestige of the old rugger game, still consisted of three men and 
the ball was still put in play by heeling it out to the quarterback, 
though this was not everywhere the practice. The team was still 
a rugger XIV, one man less than the game demanded up to 1903. 

In 1930 a snap replaced the scrim and 'insides' replaced the 
scrim supports. Then in 1932 came the major changes that were 
to revolutionize the game and start a controversy that still flares 
up from time to time as charges of professionalism are hurled at 
the game in general or the coach and players in particular. In 
that year the team was reduced to twelve players and the forward 
pass made legal though the latter did not gain general acceptance 
for another year or so. In the 1934 season in which T.C.S. won 
the championship, the game against Ridley featured two winning 
25 yard passes. In some quarters the adoption of the forward pass 
was bitterly opposed for fear the play would become much 
rougher as unlimited interference became a feature of the game. 

The worst fears proved groundless. As one yard interference 
on the line gave way to three yard interference, then to ten yards, 
the way was paved for the introduction of unlimited interference 
in the late 19505. But the game never developed the roughness 


that featured the period of the massed attack. The new rules, 
however, did slow the game down eventually. The fast plays, 
called by signals in the 19305, finally gave way to the huddle in 
the 19508. More serious was the criticism leveled at the com- 
plexity of the game that required more and more sessions at the 
blackboard as players were drilled in theories and techniques 
they could not possibly assimilate by practice alone. A new 
era in Canadian football began in 1932, and to the extent that 
a player could no longer learn it merely by doing, it eventually 
became professional even at the Secondary School level. 

Though many T.C.S. boys went on to play college football, 
few succeeded in breaking into the professional ranks. The 
notable exceptions included J. G. Greey, captain of the Toronto 
Argonauts in 1906; 'Seppi' DuMoulin, captain of the champion 
Hamilton Tigers in 1907; Ernie Pinkham who played on the 
championship Calgary team of 1909 that won a provincial title; 
in more recent years, George Hees, Ed Huycke and Phil Muntz, 
all three of whom played for the Toronto Argonauts. 

Influx of English Schoolboys 

One important factor that influenced the discussion of athletic 
policy in 1940 was the influx of boys from abroad who revealed 
their prowess and skill in soccer, a game that acquired consider- 
able prestige in the next few years, under the leadership of such 
captains as Ken Scott, Bob Morgan, Jim Barber, Marty Mc- 
Dowell, Desmond Bogue, and Reed Cooper. As the threat of 
war became more serious, it was thought that whole schools might 
be evacuated from England as a measure of national self- 
preservation. But the mounting war effort at home and the sink- 
ing of the Athenia made such a project impracticable. Tentative 
arrangements of this nature had to be abandoned. For the dura- 
tion, arrangements on an individual basis continued to be made 
and a scheme of deferred payment of fees and special bursaries 
enabled Canadian schools to further indirectly the magnificent 
war effort of the British people. The New York branch of the Old 
Boys' Association was particularly active in providing financial 
help when it was most needed. Such schools as Charterhouse, 


Rugby, Oundle, Haileybury, Westminster, St. Edward's and 
Reading were represented among the exiles. 

A Time of Decision 

During the recurring financial crisis that was aggravated by 
reduced enrolment in 1940, a gift of a substantial sum of money 
from the Hon. R. C. Matthews, P.C. to supplement salaries and 
wages did much to ease the strain. The decision to defer the 
appointment of a bursar, however, multiplied the problems of 
administration for the Headmaster. The uncertainties of war 
became increasingly apparent. A classics man, appointed while 
the Headmaster was in England during the summer of 1939, 
sailed on the Athenia and lost everything he owned. He decided, 
not unnaturally, to return to England to enlist. 

Philip Ketchum, himself, wondered for a time where his true 
duty lay, considered returning to the Air Force but was per- 
suaded by Air Force friends that nothing he would achieve in 
the Armed Forces could compare with the service he might 
render in his role as Headmaster of T.C.S. For the next four 
years he watched the young men of T.C.S. join in the crusade 
to rid the world of its malignancy, finding time in the midst of 
increasingly onerous duties to keep in touch with them and 
through the pages of The Record enable them to keep track of 
one another. The hundreds of letters from Old Boys in the 
Services gratefully expressing their appreciation made the effort 
seem eminently worthwhile. 

The School's 75th anniversary in 1940 was celebrated by the 
issue of a special number of The Record which went to press 
under the watchful eye of Mr. D. K. Parr, to whom the Head- 
master paid a special tribute on Speech Day. It contained the first 
listing of the most recent Old Boys on Active Service more than 
a hundred by April 4, 1940. Greetings and reminiscences swelled 
the special number to 140 pages which was supplemented con- 
siderably in the next two issues of The Record. The oldest living 
Old Boy at that time, Mr. Forbes Whitney, No. 6 on the School 
list, sent best wishes but was unable to attend. The anniversary 
dinner, held at the Cobourg Golf Club on June i, was attended 


by 200 Old Boys. When the Headmaster rose to reply to the toast 
wittily proposed by Bishop Taddy' Renison, he had in front of 
him an impressive stack of messages from T.C.S. men in Canada, 
the United States, England, continental Europe, Africa and Asia. 
"These boys," he said, "in 26 nations of the world, are united 
in a bond of fellowship through their deep affection for the 
School." Both Bishop Renison and Mr. Ketchum paid tribute to 
the work of Dr. Orchard, who was present for the occasion. A 
spontaneous ovation greeted the Bishop's remark that Dr. 
Orchard must be considered "a second founder of T.C.S." 

Other anniversary dinners were held in Toronto, Montreal, 
Winnipeg, London, Ontario, New York and Vancouver. Al- 
together the celebrations provided an impressive display of 
T.C.S. solidarity, and reports of the ceremonies appeared in 
newspapers across the nation. J. V. McAree, well known col- 
umnist for the Toronto Globe and Mail, headed his column 
"Famous Old School". Though still a mere infant of 75 years, it 
appeared that T.C.S. had arrived. 

The week-end concluded in a moving Chapel service con- 
ducted by the Right Rev. L. W. B. Broughall, assisted by Bishop 
Renison, both Old Boys. Touching on present dangers, Bishop 
Broughall spoke prophetic words as he concluded: "The spirit 
of the School has been to hand on the best, to send out boys with 
responsibility to use their gifts for good. The School has not 
failed, as it proved by so many names in the list of Old Boys, of 
whom the finest examples were William Osier and Charles Brent. 
Not least among them were those who gave their lives in past 
wars and those who are now offering themselves in this new war." 
Over 98 per cent of all the boys who left the school during the 
twenty years before the war would be on Active Service before 
it ended. Some of these boys were listening to Bishop Broughall, 
quietly, thoughtfully, as he spoke to them in Chapel on that 
pleasant autumn Sunday. 

War Boom 

When the School re-opened in the fall of 1940, enrolment had 
reached 205 boys, the largest in the history of the school except 


for the boom period of 1930 which lasted less than a year. This 
sharp upswing in enrolment from the previous year reflected to 
a degree the unpleasant realities of the world situation. Thirty- 
six of the boys in the School had previously attended English 
schools, and for the duration, the private schools of Canada 
assumed a new and important role as they provided a home away 
from home for those whom the exigencies of war deprived of a 
normal family life. And life at the School was already being 
affected by the war. Funds were being raised to aid the Red 
Cross; the School had adopted the destroyer Saguenay to provide 
comforts for the crew; and weekly spending money was fre- 
quently used to purchase War Savings stamps. 

A New Hospital 

One noteworthy event of the year was the opening of the re- 
modelled hospital, almost entirely rebuilt and re-equipped by 
Mrs. Harry Paterson whose husband and four brothers had all 
attended T.C.S. It was in a sense the second hospital Mrs. Pater- 
son had given the School, for she had contributed substantially 
to the remodelling of the old hospital in 1920. The School 
hospital had originally been the gift of the son of the Founder, 
Dr. Arthur Jukes Johnson, and it was appropriate that the guest 
speaker on this occasion was Dr. W. W. Francis, an Old Boy. 
A pupil, nephew and godson of Sir William Osier and Librarian 
of Osier Library at McGill, Dr. Francis delighted his audience 
with his amusing vignettes of early T.C.S. life. 

"I think we were a healthy lot. We were, if the absence of 
typhoid fever was then a good indication. I remember only one 
case in my day, but I was specially interested, for I was it. Even 
so, I think I brought the infection from Toronto, and cannot 
blame the inconvenient old backyard well from which we indi- 
vidually pumped our jugful of drinking water every night. I was 
put in the infirmary, if it can be so called, a room in the base- 
ment and far from being well-equipped. 'Mammy' Rowe, the 
matron, and Miss Brown, the housekeeper, did their best for me. 
It was before the days of the real godsend especially in typhoid 
the trained nurse. 


"In my day it took courage to report sick. It entailed at the 
very least a disgusting preliminary mouthful of Gregory's 
powder. At one time, however, a hacking cough was popularly 
cultivated. It assumed the proportions of an epidemic, and 
became a 'racket' in more than one sense. Someone in authority 
developed a childlike faith in the curative values of a patent 
cough medicine, somebody's Syrup of Red Spruce Gum. It was 
decidedly palatable, and a 25-cent bottle could be got for one 
or two passable coughs and 'charged to account'. It contained 
about eight good gulps, so gangs of about that number were 
organized. No. 1 would produce the cough and the bottle today, 
divvy up the swag, or rather the swigs, and report himself cured 
tomorrow, whereupon No. 2 would repeat the beneficient pro- 
cess, and so on. Finally, alas, by simply making the said Syrup 
chargeable to pocket money, not parent, the Head at one stroke 
cured every cough in the School, except those of a few affluent 
addicts who preferred their dope to the necessities of the Tuck 

Cadet Corps Triumphs 

One other event made the year 1941 memorable. It was the 
visit on Speech Day of the Governor General, His Excellency the 
Earl of Athlone. He was accompanied by Her Royal Highness 
the Princess Alice whose grandson, Richard Abel Smith, was a 
student in the Junior School. The Governor General endeared 
himself to the boys when he spoke of their Guard of Honour as 
"quite excellent". Later, the Cadet Corps under the command 
of Broddy Duggan, the Head Prefect, was to learn it had come 
first in Canada in the Imperial Challenge Shield Shooting Com- 
petition, winning the Devonshire Trophy. The other officers 
contributing to the success of the Corps included Ian Tate, John 
Duncanson, Craig Somerville, Archie Jones, and Wally Duggan. 
It was flattering, too, for his T.C.S. audience to hear the Governor 
General speak of Trinity as "one of the most famous schools in 
Canada". He brought into perspective the catastrophic events 
unleashed by the war as he commended to his audience the value 
of humour. "Humour begets courage and courage gives us faith," 
he said and cited the example of the newsvendor's sign 'Any 


minute now', as a demolition squad began the removal of a heavy 
time bomb from the middle of a London street. A curious crowd 
had gathered to watch the appallingly dangerous proceedings. 
"You can't stampede people who have that sense of humour, 
courage and faith," he added. 

On the academic front, it seemed that major changes in 
education might be just around the corner. The Headmaster 
had been appointed representative of the Headmasters' Asso- 
ciation on the Matriculation Examinations Council of McGill 
University, and in January 1941 the Council published its report. 
After examining the many complexities of the Canadian system, 
the report recommended a Dominion-wide College Entrance 
Examination fashioned on the American rather than the English 
pattern but modified to meet Canadian needs. The times, how- 
ever, were not propitious for such experimentation. Neverthe- 
less minor changes were occurring. In the autumn of 1938, T.C.S. 
abandoned the special McGill classes and, despite misgivings in 
some Montreal quarters, was to find that boys were as well pre- 
pared for McGill by following the Ontario curriculum. Inevita- 
bly, however, standards were to be affected by the shortening 
of the school year as legislation was passed enabling students of 
good standing to leave school at Easter to do farm work; a small 
number of T.C.S. students availed themselves of this opportunity 
each year. 

By October 1941, it was clear that more and more pressure 
would be exerted to secure places in the School. Enrolment in- 
creased to 234 and boys were being entered nine months in 
advance. Facilities at the School were being taxed beyond capa- 
city. Trinity House was filled and Petry House remodeled to 
make room for 18 boys. Staff changes accelerated at such a pace 
that the Headmaster could not be certain that a new appointee 
would even arrive to take up his post. Ed Huycke recalls that in 
1 94 1 he was hospitalized with mumps. By the time he returned 
to class, the Latin master had gone, a new one had come and 
gone, and a third one was in his place. Some of the masters of 
the period, glorified by such names as 'Fi-fi' and 'Hydro', had 
more than a little difficulty keeping discipline in class. Yet morale 
remained high. The boys responded whole-heartedly to the Head- 


master's plea for their help in performing domestic chores. In 
time, they developed considerable efficiency as they waited on 
tables and cleaned their rooms. 

Games also reflected high morale for the football team of 1941 
showed remarkable improvement as the season progressed, 
eventually losing only to U.C.C. in the final game of the series by 
a close score of i-o. Ross LeMesurier, the captain, and 'Rocky' 
McLean, were awarded Distinction Caps, while Colours went to 
Jim Austin, Tom Caldwell, Bill Fleming, Tony German, Doug 
Huestis, George Laing, Syd Lambert, Max Nesbitt, Bob Spence 
and Bill Strong. The leadership of Ross LeMesurier showed to 
even greater advantage as he guided the hockey team through 
a season that established an enviable record, only one game lost 
in the eleven-game series. The boys on the team felt some dismay 
when told the town rink was covered with water for their final 
home game but reacted with characteristic vigour. By 1.30 p.m. 
a strange spectacle greeted the eye as the New Boys, armed with 
sacks, descended the hill to make war on the late season thaw. 
Despite their heroic onslaught, the ice remained a shallow pond 
from which the goalkeepers emerged from time to time, bathed 
in spray. Their opponents, St. Andrew's, proved to be the more 
adept in this encounter which ended in a 4-1 victory for the 
visitors. Congratulated by The Record on their impressive play 
during the season were LeMesurier, Rocky McLean, Peter 
Britton, Dick Birks, John Waters, 'Gay' Goodall, Charles Camp- 
bell, Ian Macdonald, 'Tim' Cawley, Tom Caldwell, Bart Suther- 
land, Bill Fleming, Bob Spence and George 'Grub' Laing. Ski- 
ing, too, reached new heights of popularity as the enthusiasts 
took advantage of the forty acres of hilly countryside given to the 
School in the autumn of 1941 in memory of Pat Moss, a brilliant 
student who had been tragically killed while studying at Oxford 
University. After the war it became a camp for underprivileged 
boys during the summer months, financed and operated by the 
boys of the School. This gift fulfilled another of Philip Ketchum's 
cherished dreams. For several years now The Record had pub- 
lished what might be considered a prospectus for such a camp 
and a number of contributions towards making it a reality had 
been made by interested Old Boys. As a week-end refuge in a 


lovely countryside, it is recalled with pleasure by numerous Old 

Despite the ever-increasing restrictions imposed by the war, 
the tempo of School life never slackened. As John Symons ex- 
pressed it in a sports editorial in 1943, "War savings, games trips 
by train, military studies, boys as waiters, no stiff collars, no 
parents on week-end visits, farming for matric, no squash balls, 
butter rationing the changing face of T.C.S." But morale re- 
mained high under the outstanding leadership of head prefects 
and prefects who responded to the challenge in these critical 
years. Military studies that were first introduced in 1942 made 
increasing demands on the boys' time as they were expanded the 
next year and integrated into the School programme by Mr. 
Lewis, the Director of Studies. 

As the war dragged on, the Headmaster suggested that the boys 
should form political parties to learn more about the process of 
government. This they did with great gusto, but with surprising 
results. A Nazi party sprang into being led by George Bovaird, 
Rocky Roenisch, Ford Jones, Hubie Sinclair, Ernie Howard and 
others. Although the entry was frowned upon officially it was 
permitted in the flush of 'democracy in action'. After a very 
active campaign that lasted for a week, the Nazis were swept into 
power by an overwhelming majority. Needless to say, the experi- 
ment was not repeated. The discovery of a serious Communist 
cell led by a boy with strong convictions was another matter 
altogether. Just when the staff were debating how to handle the 
situation, the boys themselves solved the problem. At breakfast 
one morning, the whole School appeared wearing little red 
emblems of the party. The cell was laughed out of existence. 

Then there was the 'T.C.S. Freedom Station' that was on the 
air for upwards of a month, operated by Fred Topping, the most 
original experimenter the School possessed at this time. With a 
range of fifteen miles it blanketed the Port Hope-Cobourg area 
with provocative programmes based on interviews with new and 
second year boys whose views of masters and prefects were not 
always complimentary. It was rumoured the Headmaster found 
it far more entertaining than the C.B.C. but complaints in the 
neighbourhood eventually led to its suppression. 


Boys continued to be caught out of their rooms at night by 
Chinny's vigilance and it didn't matter 'a thousand gum trees' 
what the excuse was. At times he hid in the room waiting for the 
delinquent to tiptoe down the hall, and then when the unwary 
victim reached a crucial spot, he would leap out with a blood- 
curdling "Got you!". It was enough to reduce any normal adoles- 
cent to a nervous wreck. And if that didn't do it, he would say, 
"Name, boy?" and sooner or later one of the victims would 
answer with an alias. "No, you're not," Chinny would fire back. 
"Take 8!" But it was not long before New Boys realized how 
much Charles Scott cared for every member of his House and 
their affectionate regard grew with the years. 

The natural levity of young boys was matched by their serious- 
ness whenever the occasion demanded it. Few boys ever grow to 
manhood without seeking self-identification through hero-wor- 
ship. And the boys of T.C.S. had their heroes among whom 
courage was a commonplace. It was Philip Ketchum's intuitive 
understanding of this fact that brought visitors to T.C.S. in these 
years whom the boys regarded with awe and reverence, men who 
represented their ideal of excellence. Many of them were Old 
Boys in the Services, and when the School could not meet their 
heroes in person, they could read of their exploits in The Record 
and recognize their own kinship. These were T.C.S. men such 
as they themselves might one day be. When Dal Russel, a much 
decorated hero of the Battle of Britain, visited the School, he 
modestly declined to speak of his exploits. He was nevertheless 
persuaded to answer any questions the boys might have and for 
the next two hours became the victim of his own reticence. One 
boy was so impressed with everything Dal said that he wrote a 
1500 word letter home, accurately recalling every detail, so 
vividly were they engraved on his memory. 

Many other epics were recorded in their School magazine, so 
many in fact that it is invidious to select even a few by way of 
illustration. The boys read of the last mission of Flying Officer 
Lonsdale Cowperthwaite, a T.C.S. Old Boy, as he went out to 
an attack in the English Channel. "Whenever his squadron was 
ordered out to convoy attack," wrote his Commanding Officer, 
"he was, by his cheeriness, always an inspiration to his co-pilots 


on leaving the Station, and this was most noted on his last trip, 
February 12, when, before taking off, the crews of the Squadron 
knew they were going into an inferno of enemy fire (the escaping 
German battleship off the Dutch coast). It was his poise and 
happy parting wave and cheerio which gave encouragement to 
all in their duty ahead." 

In imagination they followed the exploits of the night bomber 
squadrons as they read the following account from Flight 
Lieutenant Ralph Keefer: "My first trip was a rather thrilling day- 
light raid on the German warships at Brest when we (a formation 
of three) were attacked by three M.E. 109 E's and shot all of 
them down without loss to ourselves. I was then promoted to a 
Captain and got my own Wellington in which I did ten trips 
over enemy territory before we were forced to jump one night 
and landed here (in Ireland)." 

They would understand, too, the pride that underlined a 
father's matter-of-fact account of his son's exploits that added 
a Bar to his D.F.C. The letter was from Air Commodore Geoff 
O'Brian, a veteran of the Air Force in both World Wars: "Peter's 
episode happened before I left England. He took his Wing up 
after some enemy ships and got his Spitfire shot up. The Navy 
picked him up the next morning off the French coast about 100 
miles from England and I spoke to him the next day on the 
telephone. He is fine and has just completed another tour of 
operations. I guess it must be his third or fourth tour." 

On radio, they could listen to Flight Lieutenant Bill Draper, 
another Old Boy who had four enemy planes to his credit. He 
was describing to a friend his trip, unhorsed so to speak, from 
Bone to Algiers during the invasion of Africa. A five-hundred- 
pound bomb exploded thirty feet in front of his vehicle, but only 
one piece of shrapnel went through his leg. He was back flying 
after a week. 

There was a different kind of courage the School became 
aware of too. No one needed to interpret for them the meaning 
conveyed in the simple words of a wartime padre, the Rev. 
Howard Boulden, in another kind of letter from a combat zone: 
"It is hard to believe that Cadet Inspection is already over and 
that you are into the cricket season; there is nothing here to make 


us aware that spring is upon us and the summer coming on; if I 
saw a blade of grass or a bud bursting into leaf, I think I would 
almost worship it!" 

Then there were the almost two hundred citations for gallantry 
in which the School took vicarious pride as the accounts appeared 
from time to time in the pages of The Record. The boys dreamed 
their dreams, took a fierce pride in their Cadet Corps, and found 
release for their loyalty and devotion in the daily activities of 
school life. And for Philip Ketchum and the older members of 
the staff, there were moments of sadness as they learned of the 
death of another of their boys. But as so many bereaved parents 
confessed in their letters to the Headmaster, his messages of 
condolence gave them new strength to accept their loss. 

This unique relationship among the members of the T.C.S. 
family, both past and present, became the fabric which was 
transformed into the bricks and mortar of the Memorial Chapel 
at war's end and caught within its walls the essence of the mean- 
ing of the freedom and dignity of man. 

Tangible expression of the School's determination to be 
worthy of the dream occurred in a number of ways. Between 
1941 and 1945, the Cadet Corps distinguished itself by its per- 
formance, winning recognition not only in Canada but through- 
out the British Empire. They performed the unique feat of 
winning the Devonshire Trophy in five consecutive years under 
a succession of strong Cadet officers that included Broddy 
Duggan, Tony German, Charles Campbell, Ted Parker and Ed 
Huycke. In their zeal for perfection, they attained new heights 
in 1943 and 1944 as the Cadet Corps came first among the eight 
hundred schools competing in the British Empire Shooting 
Competition, and came second in the remaining three years of 
the war period. In addition, they were the recipients of the 
Findley Trophy in 1943 as the best all-round Corps in the best 
military district of Canada for corps of 100 to 200 members; and, 
finally, in 1945 they captured the King George V Trophy for 
their marksmanship, being adjudged the best corps in the best 
military district in Canada. The "brain stimulating games" had 
led to minor miracles and Lieut. S. J. Batt, as he had become by 


due process of military qualifications, could feel that he had 
fought a good fight. 

Other symbols of their quest for the best were not hard to find. 
In 1943 the cricket team became Little Big Four Champions by 
virtue of wins over Upper Canada and Ridley. St. Andrew's did 
not participate. In the first match against Upper Canada College, 
the School knocked up a phenomenal total of 214 runs which 
was considered by their coach, Mr. Lewis, 'most encouraging'. 
Ken Scott's 74 was the highest total for the day. Representing 
the School on this team were Syd Lambert, the captain, Hugh 
Paterson, Barry Hayes, John Beament, David Walker, Gay 
Goodall, Larry Clarke, Ken Scott, Jack Goering, Ian Macdonald, 
Harry Cox, J. K. P. Allen, David Higginbotham, and John H. 
Gray. Academically, too, these years saw new records established. 
The Upper School results, with 91% passes, were the best in the 
School's history. The following year examination results were 
still at record level, and A. E. Millward won eight of the most 
coveted scholarships offered by the University of Toronto, in- 
cluding the Prince of Wales for standing highest in the Province. 
In winter sports, the hockey teams of both 1944 and 1945 reflected 
the general temper of the times. In the latter year they won the 
Eastern Ontario Championship against Campbellford in an ex- 
citing 16 game series that took Captain Ed Huycke and his team 
to the provincial play-offs. Coached by Birnie Hodgetts, the team 
was hotly pursued by the Headmaster riding an ancient motor- 
cycle. Philip Ketchum had found a way to beat the gasoline 
rationing and took the greatest pleasure in following the rough 
and tumble of the series. Members of this outstanding team 
included Ernie Howard, Hubie Sinclair, Peter Dobell, Rocky 
Roenisch, Bob Hope, Phil Gilbert, George Robarts, Geoff 
Pearson, Derek Davidson, Vince Dawson, Jim McMurrich, and 
Scott Fennell. 

Although it had been anticipated in 1942 that mounting levels 
of taxation would adversely affect enrolment in the independent 
schools, the fears turned out to be unjustified. Partly as a result 
of the growing reputation of T.C.S., partly owing to the ab- 
normal pressures of war, the School was filled to overflowing 
and a variety of expedients were adopted to accommodate the 


overflow quarters were prepared in the hospital, Petry House, 
the school farm and even in the upper reaches of the Lodge. By 
1945, it became necessary to give public notice that the School 
could accommodate only 250 boys yet the pressure remained. 
Even in the postwar period the capacity of the School would be 
taxed to the utmost until the opening of Bickle House twelve 
years later relieved some of the pressure. In the early years of the 
war, however, administrative problems became increasingly 
complex and the death of Mrs. Florence Shearme in the autumn 
of 1 943 was a severe loss to the School, for as assistant bursar and 
very often acting bursar, she had for thirty years been a faithful 
guardian of the School's economy. 

Among the most serious problems confronting the Headmaster 
with a young army of 263 boys to cope with was that of adequate 
food supplies and in 1942 protests to officialdom were unavail- 
ing. To one letter in which the Headmaster requested a more 
adequate allotment of beef, he received a reply from the Assistant 
Food Trade Director Wholesale and Retail Administration. At 
these Olympian heights, the statistics were irrefutable: "From 
what information I now have available, it would appear that you 
are receiving adequate supplies of fresh meat." By now the Head- 
master had become thoroughly versed in the subtleties of war- 
time administration and though he was a master of tactful per- 
suasion, he recognized the impossibility of beating bureaucratic 
logic. With admirable restraint he let the matter drop and had 
little difficulty persuading the School to accept the situation. 

Problems of staff, too, became progressively more desperate. 
In 1942, alone, the Headmaster had to find replacements for 
eleven members of the staff in less than twelve months. He felt 
particularly fortunate in obtaining the services of Mr. A. B. 
Hodgetts in the autumn of 1942, expressing the opinion that he 
would be "a real acquisition both as a strong and able teacher 
and an experienced and highly skilled athletic coach". The suc- 
cess that marked Mr. Hodgetts' work in future years as a history 
teacher and an athletic coach with an enviable number of 
championship teams to his credit would more than justify the 
Headmaster's confidence in him. The Junior School, too, had 
been fortunate in obtaining the nucleus of a staff that by 1945 


would develop into a strong team under Charles Tottenham 
Mrs. Cecil Moore in 1942, John Burns in 1943, Dennis Morris 
in 1944 and John Dennys in 1945. 

While the war had seemed to bring prosperity to the School, 
it was more apparent than real. Small annual surpluses enabled 
the School to liquidate the bond indebtedness that remained 
when the original issue fell due in 1942 and also re-establish 
the endowed bursaries maintained out of current revenues since 
their conversion to bonds in 1924. Finally, in April 1944, the 
Board of Governors was able to pass a resolution permitting the 
Toronto General Trusts Company to discharge their trusteeship 
of the $300,000 worth of bonds issued to build the Junior School 
in 1924. It was a day for rejoicing certainly, but Philip Ketchum 
might well feel he was groping towards the future still sur- 
rounded by the ghosts of the past. The School was solvent, it was 
true, but the objectives he had set himself still seemed remote. 
In 1943 his wise friend and counsellor, Mr. R. P. Jellett, an Old 
Boy and a School Governor, had written to suggest the establish- 
ment of a Memorial Endowment Fund. As the idea gained sup- 
port, the Governing Body officially sanctioned the establishment 
in January 1944 of a War Memorial and Endowment Fund, the 
former to provide for the building of a new Chapel. Mrs. 
Florence Paterson, who had already provided the School with a 
modern, efficient hospital, made provision in her will for a sub- 
stantial contribution which, she said, would build the Chapel 

Her death, on December 12, 1943, followed by a day the death 
of Mr. Britton Osier, one of the School's most generous benefac- 
tors during the first 78 years of its life. Though Mr. Osier was not 
an Old Boy of T.C.S., he sent his three sons, Brick, John and 
Campbell to the School, and he maintained a deep interest in its 
welfare for over twenty years. His substantial contributions to 
the various building funds were made on one condition, that his 
name would not be mentioned. For many years only a very few 
people knew how much the School owed to Mr. and Mrs. Osier. 

Only a month before Mr. Osier's death, the School community 
was saddened to learn of Dr. Orchard's death in England. Philip 
Ketchum paid his tribute to a man who, he said, in the years of 


his greatness, was unquestionably Canada's strongest Head- 
master. Before the war's end the School would lose more of her 
closest and most devoted friends, among them Mr. F. Gordon 
Osier who died in June of the following year. An Old Boy of the 
School, he was Head Prefect in 1891 and a graduate of Trinity 
College in 1895. For some thirty years he was a most faithful 
Governor of the School and at the same time took an active part 
in a number of philanthropic enterprises including directorships 
on the board of Toronto General Hospital, the Royal Ontario 
Museum and Wellesley Hospital. As one of Toronto's leading 
business men, he held responsible posts in some fourteen im- 
portant companies. All four of his sons came to T.C.S. and he 
was most generous of his time and substance both in the build- 
ing of the Junior School and the rebuilding of the Senior School 
in 1930. 

As the Headmaster pointed out, the School had been fortunate 
that while twelve members of the staff had gone on Active 
Service, a strong nucleus of devoted masters enabled the School 
to absorb the shocks of wartime problems. By 1945 Mr. Morris 
and Mr. Batt had twenty-four years' service, Mr. Lewis and Mr. 
James twenty-three, and Mr. Scott and Mr. Cohu eleven years 
each. Mr. Tottenham, appointed Principal of the Junior School 
following Mr. Yates, had provided strong support to the Head- 
master in these difficult years. But as the war drew to a close, the 
Headmaster realized that the future would make even greater 
demands on the independent schools for they must justify their 
existence by making an outstanding contribution to the life of 
the nation. To this end, he told the Board, "we must offer salaries 
which will attract men of unusual capacity. It should be our 
object to make a teaching post at T.C.S. the most attractive one 
in the country". In 1945 the Headmasters of the Independent 
Boys' Schools had an opportunity to express their views about 
the future of independent schools in a brief to the Royal Com- 
mission on Education. Philip Ketchum had played a major part 
in framing the terms of their submission which included what 
was considered to be the basic contribution of the independent 


"Many of the workers in this field feel that there is a ... spe- 
cial function that these schools fulfil, or could fulfil with profit 
to our whole community life. One of the great weaknesses of a 
democracy is the tendency to level down all performance to 
a standard of dull mediocrity. There is a vital need and never 
more so than the present time for citizens above the average 
in training, in vision and in character in other words for 
leaders. We claim no monopoly of students or graduates of this 
type but we believe there is evidence to prove that a large per- 
centage of our graduates have taken positions of leadership both 
in war and in peace and rendered outstanding service to the 
community as a whole. The nature of their organization, the 
training in responsibility in the microcosm of school life, the 
varied training and background of their teachers these and 
other special facilities make them peculiarly suited for training 
boys of unusual and exceptional ability." 

On May 8, 1945, the whole School, along with the rest of the 
free world, celebrated V-E Day. The boys made it an unofficial 
and uproarious holiday during which they worked off their 
enthusiasm downtown. Among other incidents that happened 
that day was the abduction of the fire engine, with Bob Hope at 
the wheel. When the police finally caught up with him and not 
unreasonably asked his name, they refused to believe him. After 
insisting for a time that his name was in fact Bob Hope, he finally 
agreed to change his story. He told them he was Bing Crosby, and 
crooned a few bars in his deep and very good bass to prove it. 
Only the good offices of Philip Ketchum at his charming best 
rescued him from the clutches of the law. The day ended happily 
with a weary school gathered around a great bonfire in the old 

At Thanksgiving 1945 once again Old Boys gathered at the 
School. Most of them had left within the last ten years and prac- 
tically all had seen active service in the war. "Tommy Wade led 
songs in the Hall to help the Old Boys and the School digest a 
very hearty Thanksgiving dinner," an account in The Record 
says, "and as a result the Old Boys managed to put three full 
teams in the field. The starting line was under Eddie Huycke 
and the others were under Wally Duggan and 'Stal' Armstrong 


with Ross LeMesurier the captain of the combined squad. The 
team was built around a dozen Little Big Four Stars and boasted 
several former First Team Captains, including Jim Kerr, the 

Post-War Consolidation 

On the last week end of June 1946, a Victory Reunion of Old 
Boys at the School brought together old friends who relived their 
experiences and shared wartime stories that continued far into 
the night. It marked unofficially the end of a period that would 
conclude more formally in June 1948 when the Old Boys' Asso- 
ciation published Old Boys At War, the story of Trinity's role 
in three wars. The following review of the book, written for the 
Montreal Gazette by Paul E. Bilkey, appeared on October 23 of 
that year: 

"Under the title Trinity College School Old Boys At War 
there has been published a record, fully illustrated, of the con- 
tribution which young men from 'The School on the Hill' at Port 
Hope made toward the preservation of human liberty, and of 
the price they paid. 

"It is a remarkable story and the Old Boys' Association who 
have presented it have made no effort to embellish it. There was 
no need. 

"It goes back to the South African War when 54 Old Boys 
enlisted and four gave their lives; passes through the First 
World War, when 596 enlisted, including nine former masters, 
and 123 were killed; and tells, in perhaps fuller measure, of the 
855, including 20 former masters, who enlisted in the Second 
World War, and of the 60 who did not return. 

"Standing by itself the number of enlistments in the second 
great conflict was sufficiently impressive, being equal to 98 per 
cent of all the boys who left the school in the 20 years prior to 
the outbreak of hostilities, but there is also very striking evi- 
dence of the character of service these young men gave; the 
number of awards received by them was equal to 21 per cent of 
the total enlistment and is estimated at 30 per cent of those who 
were actually under fire. 

"It is not surprising that a seasoned Major General in the 


British War Office expressed amazement at this record and 
voiced his belief that no other school in the Empire could 
equal it. 

"All this did not come to pass through accident. Consciously 
or otherwise Trinity College School has been following a pattern 
as old as the time of John Milton. 'I call, therefore, a complete 
and generous education that which fits a man to perform justly, 
skillfully, and magnanimously, all the offices, both private and 
public, of peace and war.' The definition is Milton's own. T.C.S., 
while giving full scope to educational development in the arts 
and sciences of peace, has not neglected the sterner things of life. 

"So it is that from the classrooms, the playing fields and train- 
ing ground of the School on the Hill, young men have gone out 
equipped for service whether in peace or in war. Many of them 
have reached great eminence, either in civil life or in the armed 
services, at sea, on land, and in the air. Their faces look out 
from the pages of this book. The Roll of Honour is a long one. 
Mostly it is youth that is there, youth which can never be any- 
thing more, can never be anything at all except a proud and 
wistful memory in the hearts and souls of living people. They 
gave what they had, all of it, and freely, and a very fine Canadian, 
himself bereaved, has said: 'It is the quality of a life that really 
counts, and not its mere duration'." 

The book itself was the inspiration of Philip Ketchum and was 
derived from the extensive wartime correspondence that had 
helped to bind the T.C.S. family into one purposeful band of 
warriors. Both Mr. Molson and Mr. Key had had much to do 
with collecting the material which was ultimately edited by Mr. 

By 1945, gloomy forecasts of the future of the independent 
schools began to make their appearance and seemed to be well 
justified as the postwar peace moved into an inflationary spiral 
that severely strained their resources. Neither salaries, wages, nor 
even fees, were able to keep pace with the rising cost of living or 
levels of taxation. For a time the struggle might have seemed 
almost hopeless had there not developed an unforeseen 'clamour- 
ing at the gates'. In 1945, T.C.S. was the first of the independent 
schools to introduce entrance examinations into the Senior 
School but even with their aid the Headmaster was unable to 


reduce numbers to an appropriate level during the next few 
years. Other tangible evidence of better things to come at T.C.S. 
was soon forthcoming. In 1946 Mr. and Mrs. Blair Russel 
donated a spacious new Tuck Shop to the School as a memorial 
to their son, Hugh, who was killed during his second tour of 
operations with the R.C.A.F. shortly after 'D' day, 1944. The 
official opening took place on May 3, 1947, when the Headmaster 
had the pleasure of thanking personally both Mr. and Mrs. 
Russel who were accompanied by their son, Dal, one of the most 
distinguished Canadian airmen of World War II. At almost the 
same time Mrs. J. B. Pangman of Montreal donated a third hard 
surface tennis court to supplement the two already in use. Also 
gratifying was the response to the appeal for funds for the 
Memorial Chapel that in 1948 reached its objective under the 
vigorous chairmanship of Charles Burns. Rising costs plagued 
the building committee, however, and almost continuous revi- 
sion of the plans went on for two years before the actual con- 
struction began. At the same time Old Boys were making annual 
contributions to a most valuable Bursary Fund and a permanent 
Endowment Fund was beginning to flourish. 

Although the wartime enthusiasm that had swept the School 
along in its wake had ebbed by the spring of 1945, the late 
forties saw new triumphs added to previous laurels. In 1946 the 
squash team won their first Little Big Four Championship led by 
captain Ernie Howard, the first of many successes he was to have 
in this sport. Sharing the honour with him were Bill Brewer, 
Neville Conyers, Andrew Tessier and Jim Barber. The Governor 
General, Viscount Alexander, commented favourably on the dis- 
ciplined precision of the Cadet Corps when he paid an informal 
visit in May 1947. Led by Bill Brewer, its officers, Ian Campbell, 
Harry Hyde, Neville Conyers, Tom Lawson, and Jack French 
were relieved to discover they had maintained the enviable 
reputation of the Corps established during the war years. In the 
same year the Under-Secretary of State for External Affairs, 
Mr. L. B. Pearson, in writing to apologize for his inability to 
keep an engagement on Speech Day, thought fit to speak of "the 
fine contribution it [T.C.S.] is making to Canadian life". A fine 
sportsman himself, he probably would have felt the Cricket 


Championship won a few weeks later might qualify as a part of 
that contribution. His son, Geoff, had been an outstanding and 
popular boy while at T.C.S. and like his brilliant father became 
a member of the Diplomatic Corps. 

It was the first untied T.C.S. cricket victory in 29 years in 
which all four schools of the Little Big Four participated. A 
notable feature of the series was the batting of Bill Brewer who 
captained the team. Contributing to the victory also were Jack 
French, David McDonough, Allan Barnes, Neville Conyers, Rick 
Gaunt, Gordon Payne, Tony Wells, Ron Watts, L. K. Black, 
Dick Wood, Bill Drynan, Harry Hyde, Andrew Tessier, Jeremy 
Paterson, and Nigel Thompson. Against St. Andrew's, Brewer 
knocked up a brilliant 99 runs before lunch, but in true cricket- 
ing spirit accepted gracefully the umpire's l.b.w. in the first over 
when play resumed. During an hour and a half at bat, he had 
scored in one over two sixes, two fours, and ran three, making 
a total of twenty-three runs in five consecutive balls an amaz- 
ing feat. Even the coach, Mr. Lewis, was pleased at Brewer's 
skilful hits straight back to the bowler, or sixes over the bowler's 
head. "But no slugging," he warned the novices who would be 
returning the following year, fearful that some would confuse the 
skills of cricket with baseball. They didn't and managed to retain 
their Championship the next year, winning from S.A.C. and 
U.C.C. and scoring a unique tie with Ridley. In the U.C.C. game 
the opening batsmen, Jerry Paterson and Nigel Thompson 
created what was reputed to be a Canadian record when they 
knocked up 1 1 1 runs not out to defeat U.C.C. single-handedly. 
Paterson retired with 61 runs, Thompson with 50. Not a catch 
had been dropped in the Little Big Four competition and the 
bowling was above average with the captain, Rick Gaunt, carry- 
ing the load along with Paterson and Mike Cox. Other members 
of this team included H. E. 'Tiny' Thompson, Dick Wood, Don 
Greenwood, Bill Drynan, Don Deverall, Dick Maier, Mike 
Brodeur, Reed Cooper, J. S. Wismer, Ian Bruce, and Chris 
Ketchum. For the first time in the School's history, a cricket team 
visited Bermuda to play a series of matches which featured 
Brewer's 146 runs not out in a match against Ridley and U.C.C. 
Old Boys. In another match Cox made 120 not out; and the 

J.S. Picnic 

Off to Sunday Chapel, 1938 

in- i 

The Last "White" Cadet Corps, 1936 

Guard of Honour, May 16, 1930 

The Opening of the New Buildings by the Governor General, Lord Willingdon 

III -2 

P. C. LANDRY ('31 -'39) 

M. C. SIFTON ('46-'49) 

P. G. PHIPPEN ('48-'53) 

The Athletic Life 



(from the portrait by Kenneth Forbes) 


111-4 Outstanding Benefactors of T.C.S. 

Smelt Fishing 

ill -5 




Seventy-fifth Anniversary, 1940 

The gentlemen cricketers of 1865 arrive at Port Hope in an open landau 

in -6 

The Oxford Cup Team, 1945 

C. Scott, Esq., J. C. Barber, F. A. Barrow, A. McN. Austin, E. Howard, 
G. F. Day, the Headmaster. 

Bigside Ballet, 1942 

K. A. C. Scott, J. G. Phippen, F. A. M. Huycke, R. C. W. Goodall, G. E. Bedore, 

I. R. Macdonald, J. W. Short, I. B. Reid, P. E. Britton, E. M. Parker, 

C. S. Campbell, S. N. Lambert. 

Boys from English Schools, 1941 

Fxick: D. G. O. Carmichael, J. W. L. Goering, J. H. B. Dodd, B. P. Hayes, 
J. A. C. Duncan, B. J. K. Cheyney, R. M. Holman, F. O. S. Lewin, 
L. D. Clarke, P. D. Hare, M. F. Young, H. B. Paterson. 

Middle: R. M. Hull, M. Hare, N. R. Paterson, J. K. P. Allen, M. S. Reford, 
R. A. R. Dewar, K. A. C. Scott. 

Front: R. E. Mackie, O. D. Harvey, W. D. McCallan, A. Healey, G. S. 
Charrington, R. F. Wynne. 


Speech Day, 1944 

The Earl of Athlone Inspects the Guard of Honour 
under the Command of Cadet Sqn. Ldr. E. M. Parker 


The Soccer Team, 1942 

Back: The Headmaster, D. H. Fricker, H. B. Paterson, R. M. Holman, 

]. H. Gray, O. D. Harvey, R. Thompson, Esq. 
Front: D. G. O. Carmichael, R. E. Mackie, H. C. D. Cox, L. D. Clarke, 

K. A. C. Scott, R. E. S. Morgan, R. A. R. Dewar, A. Healey, 

N. R. Paterson. 

The 1943 Team 

Back: Arthur Grace (Pro.), H. B. Paterson, B. P. Hayes, J. A. Beament, 
P. H. Lewis, Esq., D. A. Walker, R. S. Goodall, the Headmaster. 

Middle: L. D. Clarke, K. A. C. Scott, S. N. Lambert (Capt.), J. W. L. 
Goering, I. R. Macdonald. 

Front: H. C. D. Cox, J. K. P. Allen, D. C. Higginbotham, J. H. Gray. 

The 1947 Team 

Back: The Headmaster, R. L. Watts, L. K. Black, R. M. Wood, W. I. K. 

Drynan, P. H. Lewis, Esq., H. A. Hyde, A. Tessier, J. J. M. Paterson, 

N. F. Thompson, Arthur Grace (Pro.). 
Front: J. B. French, J. D. McDonough, A. M. Barnes, W. N. Conyers 

(Vice-Capt.), W. J. Brewer (Capt.), R. H. Gaunt, G. A. Payne, 

A. C. B. Wells. 

Little Big Four Cricket Champions 

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III- 10 

The Hockey Team, 1942 

Back: A. R. McLean, P. E. Britton, R. I. Birks, J. G. Waters, R. G. W. Goodall, 

C. S. Campbell, I. R. Macdonald. 
Front: The Headmaster, J. C. Cawley, T. A. Caldwell, J. R. LeMesurier (Capt.), 

J. B. I. Sutherland, W. R. Fleming, R. G. Spence, G. D. Laing, A. H. Humble, 


The Hockey Team, 1945 

Back: The Headmaster, D. H. Roenisch, D. A. Davidson, G. L. Robarts, 
G. A. H. Pearson, R. A. Hope, A. B. Hodgetts, Esq. 

Front: V. Dawson, J. R. McMurrich, E. Howard, E. J. M. Huycke (Capt.), 
P. C. Dobell, E. McC. Sinclair, P. L. Gilbert, T. S. Fennell. 

Ill- 1 1 

The Debating Team, 1948 
Rack: D. H. E. Cross, C. M. Taylor, D. A. H. Snowden, L. D. Rhea, 

N. T. Burland, A. H. Humble, Esq. 
Front: J. P. Williamson, R. L. Watts, D. W. Fulford, P. H. R. Alley, 

M. E. Wright. 
Absent: D. C. McDonald, W. R. B. J. V. Herridge. 

Christmas Entertainment, 1947 

The Professor and His Class 

R. S. Carson, P. M. Pangman, T. W. Lawson, I. F. H. Rogers, A. Tessier, 
J. A. M. Stewart, G. E. Pearson, H. A. Hyde (the Professor), I. B. Campbell, 
J. M. Armour, W. J. Brewer, W. I. K. Drynan, P. H. R. Alley, G. B. Taylor. 

Ill- 12 

W. M. COX 



('41 -'43) 


( ! 43-'48) 



Five Rhodes Scholars in Six Years, 1947-1952 

D. C. McDonald ('46-'49) added a sixth the following year 


('46- '49) 


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The Basketball Team, 1948 

Inter-school Champions 
Back: The Headmaster, E. T. Spencer, D. J. Emery, D. A. H. Snowden, 

E. D. Bascom, J. J. M. Paterson (Manager), A. B. Hodgetts, Esq. 
Front: J. D. Williams, J. S. Wismer, D. G. Sweny, R. H. Gaunt (Capt.), 

I. F. H. Rogers (Vice-capt.), R. L. Watts, H. H. Vernon. 

Ill- 14 

The Basketball Team, 1912 

(The Sport Was Organized the Previous Year) 

H. L. Symons, F. J. Weitbrecht, Esq., F. G. Mathers, F. C. Bartlett, 

J. R. Dennistoun (Capt.), D. G. Greer, Hans Grylls, 

Mr. Stirling (Instructor), Gordon Bradfield. 

The Pirates of Penzance, 1946 

C. Crowe, T. McC. Wade, P. L. Gilbert, W. H. Palmer, J. A. M. Stewart, 
J. H. Caldbick, P. L. Goering, W. A. Peters, E. D. Hibbard, G. R. Campbell. 

Club Swinging on Inspection Day 

School Orchestra Organized by J. A, M. Prower ('43 -'46) 


The 1946 Team 

Rack: The Headmaster, A. Tessier, W. N. Conyers, P. H. Lewis, Esq. 
Front: J. C. Barber, E. Howard (Capt.), W. J. Brewer. 

The 1954 Team 

D. C. Budge, P. C. Landry, Esq., A. C. Brewer, A. D. Massey (Capt.), 
D. I. Goodman, the Headmaster, G. L. Boone. 

Ill- l6 

Tivo L.B.F. Squash Championships 


score of 253 for one wicket which T.C.S. amassed in the match 
against U.C.C. and Ridley Old Boys is believed to be a record 
for Bermuda cricket. It had been a most satisfactory season in the 
eyes of Mr. Lewis as he completed his 25th year as cricket coach. 

The change-over to peacetime operation of the School had 
brought a number of inevitable changes in staff. The Record in 
1945 expressed the School's regret that Mr. W. K. Molson had 
left to become Headmaster of Brentwood School in British 
Columbia, and in 1946, the popular 'Jimmy' James retired from 
the Junior School after teaching for 24 years at T.C.S. On Speech 
Day, the Governing Body honoured Andrew Morris and 'Sam' 
Batt on the completion of 25 years of service at the School; they 
also paid tribute to Edwin Nash, now maintenance super- 
intendent, whose efforts on behalf of the School have established 
a high standard of loyalty and devotion under three Headmasters. 
As the academic year drew to a close the School was shocked by 
the sudden death of Col. Stevenson who suffered a heart attack 
while engaged in his favourite pastime of bowling a few practice 
overs on the cricket pitch. He would be remembered not only 
for his scholarship but for his abiding interest in the boys of 
T.C.S. By 1948, a year in which no staff changes occurred, the 
major postwar adjustments had been made. Messrs. Armstrong, 
Hass, Humble and the Rev. Norman Taylor had returned from 
Active Service, while Messrs. P. R. Bishop, G. M. C. Dale, and 
J. E. Dening were among the newcomers who came to T.C.S. 
after service in the Armed Forces. 

Even a highly qualified and efficient staff, however, could not 
compensate for a strong Headmaster and early in 1948 the Board 
of Governors faced a critical situation. The Principalship of 
Bishop's University, Lennoxville, had fallen vacant and almost 
irresistible pressure was being put upon Philip Ketchum to take 
the post. His close personal friends urged him to accept. He 
would be able to exercise "a wise administration" in a new 
field for which he was eminently qualified, as Archbishop 
Renison pointed out to him. For almost three months, urgent 
pleas from a variety of sources continued. The Governing Body 
of T.C.S. felt, however, that this loss would do the School a great 
deal of harm. One senior Governor summed up the general feel- 


ing when he wrote at the end of February to say: "Whatever you 
decide will be for the best, but God help T.C.S. if you leave us." 
On February 26, the Headmaster had made up his mind to stay 
and had so informed the Trustees of Bishop's College. Other 
efforts to persuade him to change his mind continued until the 
middle of May when he wrote to Archbishop Carrington of 
Quebec what was to be the last letter on the subject. He repeated 
his reasons for rejecting the honour and added: "I have a great 
love for the School and I feel there is very much to do here which 
I have been unable to accomplish so far." 

His words might seem to be ringing prophetically in the air 
when on June 9 he received exciting news. Col. Langmuir, as 
Secretary of the Governing Body, wrote to tell him that Charles 
Burns reported the entire fund of $250,000 for the new Chapel 
had been contributed except for a trivial sum of $68. New and 
important developments were just around the corner, and Philip 
Ketchum was to see the culmination of fifteen years of hopes and 
plans. "I think that what you have accomplished is a miracle," 
wrote Archbishop Renison. "No one but you, in a period of 
fifteen years, could have lifted the School from the abyss, and 
made it something of which every T.C.S. boy can be proud." 

It might seem to an acute observer of the T.C.S. scene that 
reaction from the recent crisis infected the whole School with 
new enthusiasm during the following memorable year of 1949. 
Revised plans for the Memorial Chapel were drawn and ap- 
proved; through the generosity of Mr. George McCullagh the 
School was to have a new artificial rink in memory of Peter 
Campbell, a gifted athlete and loyal Old Boy who had recently 
died; Chester Butterfield won a Bermuda Rhodes Scholarship, 
duplicating the feat of James Paterson who had received a 
Rhodes from Quebec in 1947; Charles Taylor, a senior boy in 
the School and future Rhodes Scholar, was selected by the Coun- 
cil of Education for World Citizenship to represent all Canadian 
secondary schoolboys at an international conference in England. 
The Dramatic Society, under the aegis of Mr. Dale and John 
dePencier, produced Charley's Aunt so successfully that the 
production was taken to Toronto for a showing. Starring in the 
production were Alex Paterson, Alex Hughes, Dick Vanden- 


Bergh, Dave Doheny, Bob Timmins, Ian Bovey and Peter Mack- 
lem. Debating, too, with C. M. Taylor as president, reached new 
heights under the stimulus of the new Debating Union that had 
been formed and for which George T. Fulford provided a trophy 
for inter-school competition. His son Dwight had been one of the 
outstanding debaters on the 1948 team. The Gym team won the 
Ontario Championship with Hugh Welsford becoming Junior 
Champion. The hockey team, sparked by Don Fullerton, Bruce 
Miller, and the sterling goal tending of John dePencier was un- 
defeated and untied in a thirteen game season that evoked many 
spontaneous tributes to their good sportsmanship in both On- 
tario and Quebec. When General Crerar took the Salute at the 
Annual Inspection he could only describe the performance as 
"first rate". All the adjectives had been exhausted the previous 
year which officially marked the new affiliation of the Corps with 
the Air Force at the ripe old age of 83. But there were no signs 
of failing strength as the Corps performed before an array of high 
ranking Air Force officers led by Air Vice Marshal C. R. Slemon, 
C.B., C.B.E. He confessed to being "astounded" as he witnessed 
"a stirring display of drill". There had been fun, too, as Charles 
Taylor pointed out in his Valedictory Address on Speech Day. 
Happiness was not just a matter of a job well done. It included 
such things as a day at the dam riding forbidden ice floes; smelt 
fishing in the inky blackness of the night; or a dinner in Cobourg 
with someone else's parents parents who would not be con- 
cerned about how everything was going so a boy could concen- 
trate just on eating for a change. With such things is the web of 
memory tinged. 


The Ketchum Era-The Middle Years 

A Period of Consolidation 

ASTHE HALLS and corridors of the School re-echoed once 
more to the excited and multitudinous sounds of youth 
in the autumn of 1949, T.C.S. entered into its 85th year. 
If the voices were more highly pitched than usual, there was 
ample cause. On July 11, the Headmaster had taken his seat at 
the controls of a twenty-ton bulldozer as calmly as though he 
were about to sit down to play the drums at the annual school 
dance. On this occasion, however, the music was horrendous. 
But it must have fallen sweetly on his ear, for the monster on 
which he was perched moved forward and took a gargantuan bite 
out of the west side of the park hill. The first sod of the new site 
for the Peter Campbell Rink had just been turned. In the follow- 
ing days the work proceeded at extraordinary speed. In their 
enthusiasm, the senior boys themselves helped out in the final 
stages so that construction schedules could be maintained. They 
now looked out with satisfaction on a superstructure that housed 
an ice surface 85 by 200 feet. 

On January 20, 1950, for the first time, the hockey team skated 
out upon a gleaming surface that matched the splendour of 
Maple Leaf Gardens. It was the first artificial ice rink to be built 
among the independent schools in Canada. On February 18, the 
rink was officially opened as Mr. George McCullagh, the gener- 
ous donor, unveiled a plaque bearing the following inscription: 
"This rink is given to Trinity College School in memory of Peter 
Gordon Campbell, 1891-1948, noted athlete and devoted Old 
Boy, by his friend, George McCullagh". The manifold advan- 



tages of an artificial ice surface for the School became noticeable 
in the high calibre of hockey now possible. No longer were T.C.S. 
hockey teams dependent upon the vagaries of weather. 

Another memorable occasion of the same autumn term was 
an address by Mr. Leonard Brockington, Q.C. at a service com- 
memorating the centenary of the birth of Sir William Osier. It 
was the last notable event to take place in the old Chapel. 
Mr. Brockington with his supremely gifted oratory recalled the 
many significant moments in the life of a Canadian who was 
"in many respects, the greatest man whom this country has 
produced". A grateful world had known him best as Dr. Osier 
and Trinity College School as its first Head Boy. "May the boy 
who has gone," he concluded, "continue to hallow with his living 
presence the precincts of this School. May his memory bless for- 
ever this land which he loved dearly and served so nobly." 

The New Chapel 

The turn of the half century witnessed the fulfilment of one of 
the greatest undertakings in the history of the School. On Oc- 
tober 21, 1951, a new Memorial Chapel built in modern gothic 
style stood ready at last to be dedicated. The ceremony marked 
the culmination of six years' planning and replanning as the 
vision of a structure of beauty and strength slowly crystallized 
on the drawing boards of the architect. On October 22, 1950, the 
cornerstone had been laid by G. B. Strathy, K.C., who was Head 
Boy of the School in 1897. Now the hammering and the hum of 
saws ceased. At eight o'clock the new Chapel bell rang for the 
first time and a service of Holy Communion was celebrated by 
the Right Rev. L. W. B. Broughall, assisted by the Right Rev. 
R. J. Renison (both Old Boys) and the School Chaplain, Canon 
C. G. Lawrence. 

There was a touch of autumn in the air that Sunday morning. 
A few leaves floated down lazily in the brilliant sunlight as the 
hundreds of visitors gathered on the campus to see Viscount 
Alexander inspect a Guard of Honour. Then, at ten minutes to 
eleven, a procession slowly wound its way from the old Chapel 
along the curving road. It was led by the Crucifer, Norman 


M. Seagram, and the sixty member choir, resplendent in new 
blue cassocks 1 and surplices. Members of the clergy, the Gov- 
ernors and distinguished visitors were followed by the viceregal 
party, His Excellency the Governor General and Lady Alex- 
ander, accompanied by the Right Hon. Vincent Massey and the 

The last notes of the processional hymn still lingered in the 
air as the Governor General moved to the steps of the Altar and 
read the Page of Dedication from the Book of Remembrance. It 
was the prelude to the petition requesting the Bishop to con- 
secrate the Chapel and was read by the Chairman of the Govern- 
ing Body, Colonel J. W. Langmuir. With solemn beauty the 
Service of Consecration continued. Bishop Renison, soon to be 
honoured as Metropolitan of Ontario, spoke movingly in his 
sermon of "this new Canadian shrine", dedicated to the 185 Old 
Boys who had given their lives in three wars. It was an unfor- 
gettable occasion, made possible by eight hundred members of 
the T.C.S. family, a large number of whom were present. Each 
was animated by a personal vision of the brotherhood that had 
united those young men in a common purpose. There was on this 
day a special poignancy as the words of the School hymn echoed 
in the quiet air: 

"Give us a pure and lowly heart, 
A temple meet for Thee" 

The Chapel at T.C.S. has always been the focal point of School 
life and rightly so. In it the Headmasters established a tradition 
of the regular if unobtrusive practice of the principles of the 
Christian religion in the daily routine of life, believing it offered 
the best preparation for all that may happen in the future. "Some 
great convictions about the nature and purpose of human life," 
Dr. Cosgrave once told the boys, "are the only possible founda- 
tions for anything like good living. Without such standards what 
we call our civilization rapidly declines and we lapse into barbar- 
ism." The appointment of Philip Ketchum, the first layman to 
serve as Headmaster, brought no change in this fundamental 

1A watercolour painted by the Founder shows a choir at Weston dressed in blue 
cassocks as he imagined they might one day be. 


design. Dr. Ketchum himself often spoke in Chapel and his 
purpose was to emphasize the divine philosophy. The chaplains 
appointed by him and his successor, Angus Scott, took charge of 
the religious instruction of the School and their efforts have often 
been supplemented by distinguished members of the clergy who 
sometimes come to speak to the boys from many parts of the 

Each of the School's chaplains made his own special contri- 
bution to the religious life of the School and is remembered with 
affection for his many personal kindnesses when boys away from 
home had to learn how to live with their own private griefs. 
Their numbers have included the Rev. R. S. Tippett, the Rev. 
Norman Taylor, the Rev. Eyre Dann, the Rev. E. R. Bagley, 
Canon Lawrence, the Rev. Keith Gleed, the Rev. Keith Kiddell 
as well as the present chaplain, the Rev. Barry Baker. 

Of the visiting clergy, none, perhaps, has had a more pervasive 
influence than Dr. Cosgrave, the greatly beloved and admired 
Provost of Trinity College, Toronto. During the twenty years 
he held office and frequently after his retirement, he was a visitor 
to the School and always held his young listeners under his spell. 
Among the Old Boys, Archbishop Renison held a special place 
in the affections of the School as he responded most generously 
to the many pleas to come and speak to the boys. Though their 
visits were more rare, Bishop Frank DuMoulin, Bishop C. P. 
Anderson, Bishop C. H. Brent and Bishop L. W. B. Broughall 
received an equally warm welcome as Old Boys. Indeed, the 
School felt a special pride whenever the Headmaster introduced 
a guest preacher who had been a boy at the School. Over the years 
their numbers have included the Rev. E. C. Cayley, the Rev. 
J. Scott Howard, the Rev. C. L. Ingles, Dr. H. H. Bedford-Jones, 
Canon C. J. S. Stuart, Canon F. A. M. Smith, Canon Terence 
Crosthwait, the Rev. R. T. F. Brain, and the Rev. J. F. Davidson. 
It is significant that today, despite the greatly increased trend 
towards secularism, more Old Boys are finding their vocation in 
the Church than in any previous period. Included among them 
are John Barton, Peter Davison, John Dowker, Morse Goddard, 
Arthur Millward, Peter Slater, David Smith, Gavin White, Tom 
Wilding, and David Luxton whose father, Bishop G. N. Luxton, 


has been warmly welcomed on numerous occasions at Sunday 

From time to time, the work of the Church has been supple- 
mented by special missions to the School and these have had a 
deep influence, particularly among boys who have been attracted 
to the religious vocation. In 1947, the Rev. Father R. H. Loose- 
more of the Order of St. John the Evangelist at Bracebridge con- 
ducted a week's mission at the School, as did Father Brain in 
1951. A more ambitious and highly successful mission took place 
after the Rev. Keith Gleed became chaplain. This five-day mis- 
sion in March 1961 was conducted by the Rt. Rev. E. S. Reed, 
Bishop of Ottawa, assisted by the Rev. Bernard Barrett and the 
Rev. David Busby. The previous year the Chapel was the setting 
for a religious drama as the Company of Pilgrims of Toronto 
presented 'Christ in the Concrete City', a dynamic rendering of 
the story of the Passion in the modern idiom. It, too, was well 
received and made a unique contribution to the habit of Chris- 
tian living on which the School is so firmly founded. 

The Exciting Fifties 

While speculative, it is tempting to see in the vigorous strength 
that characterized school life in the early fifties, the effect of a 
more mature understanding of 'the vision of brotherhood'. If 
so, the event that sparked the change took place a few days before 
the opening of the new rink in 1950. The prefects, exercising 
their normal prerogative of disciplining a group of New Boys, 
had administered seven of the best in the time-honoured fashion. 
They thought no more of it until it became clear that a few 
parents had expressed strong disapproval of their action to the 
Headmaster. For some time, the New Boy system had been under 
re-examination and the Headmaster decided that now was the 
time for a complete re-appraisal of disciplinary matters. With 
the approval of the Governing Body and the staff, he temporarily 
suspended the system. 

At the beginning of the century, any boy who had completed 
two years in the School had the right to give orders to a new boy 
and to inflict corporal punishment on him for any reason what- 


soever. After the First World War the authorities decided that 
only prefects and those boys possessing senior privileges were to 
be given authority over new boys, and the fagging system was 
somewhat modified. However, certain abuses of the modified 
system crept in and it was not until 1933 when Philip Ketchum 
was appointed Headmaster that the system was further changed 
and the lot of the New Boy made easier, for he had always held 
firmly to the belief that physical chastisement represented to 
some degree at least failure in leadership. 

Now, seventeen years later, after several weeks of discussion 
at all levels, a further modified form of the traditional duties and 
privileges was announced. Corporal punishment would no longer 
be administered by the prefects and senior boys. This break with 
a long-standing tradition would ease the conscience of those who 
had come to feel that physical violence was an affront to personal 
dignity. The substitution of persuasive discipline was considered 
a great improvement, more in keeping with present day think- 
ing, but there were many, especially among the younger genera- 
tion of Old Boys who were not yet convinced that such a system 
would work to the benefit of the School. Its success would depend 
upon the right kind of leadership and true understanding of the 
kind of society that might be established in a shrinking world 
ushered in by the space age. 

This aim perhaps did no more than echo the high purpose of 
the School's founder, the Rev. W. A. Johnson. It was merely a 
question of how to translate theory into practice. But henceforth 
the vision of brotherhood would play a more dominant role in 
the life of the School, for it placed upon its senior members more 
responsibility for ensuring that through their example the com- 
munity life would be both fraternal and just. 

As never before, all boys were encouraged to lead a full life 
and to develop their highest potential through positive activities. 
It may be more than a coincidence that between 1950 and 1955 
the School established new highs in athletic competition that 
included championship teams in almost every major sport in 
which the School participated. 

The 1950 football season began inauspiciously. After winning 
the first exhibition game, the team lost the next three and few 


people outside the team itself had much hope for the Little Big 
Four games ahead. The first hurdle was over when the School 
met and defeated St. Andrew's 19-6 in a game which featured the 
running of Bob McDerment, the tackling of Hugh Clark and 
John Emery, and the kicking of Ken Wright. 

By now it was clear that the School had a team that could 
challenge the very best. Ably coached by Birnie Hodgetts, it 
possessed a depth of leadership rare in the annals of the School. 
On October 28 the School took on Ridley at Varsity Stadium 
before an enthusiastic crowd estimated at 3500 spectators. Both 
teams had marked up one victory, and there was the unmis- 
takable excitement of 'championship' hovering over the field. 
Once again notable features of the game were the sweeping end- 
runs of Bob McDerment and the powerful plunges of Phil 
Muntz. The strong support of Mike Gossage and Ian Bruce made 
victory certain. With the Ridley game behind them by a score 
of 13-0, a championship was almost within their grasp. 

On November 4, T.C.S. battled their way to their first Little 
Big Four title in sixteen years by defeating Upper Canada Col- 
lege by a score of 17-5. Once again the McDerment-Muntz com- 
bination and outstanding play of Hugh Watts, Ken Wright, Jules 
Timmins and Norman Seagram proved too much for the oppo- 
sition. "Young, light, but full of ginger," reported the Globe and 
Mail, "T.C.S. overpowered their much heavier opponents with 
sheer drive." As the team finally broke loose from their enthu- 
siastic supporters, they extracted their coach from a haze of 
smoke and carried him triumphantly off the field. Birnie 
Hodgetts had given countless hours to the planning of strategy 
and training and the tribute was an acknowledgment of their 
debt to him. Distinction Caps were awarded to David Smith and 
Ken Wright, the co-captains, as well as to Bob McDerment, Phil 
Muntz, Mike Gossage, and Dick Bonnycastle. Colours went to 
Jim Arklay, Ian Bruce, Hugh Clark, Ken Marshall, Peter Martin, 
Tony Phillips, Jules Timmins, Hugh Watts, Norman Seagram 
and John Emery, of later Olympic bobsled fame. 

Before the year was out, the School set new records in their 
athletic endeavours. The first hockey team, with Ian Bruce as 
captain, tied for first place with U.C.C. in the boarding school 


group and won two decisive victories when they played Bishop's 
College School and Lower Canada College in Montreal. Both 
junior hockey teams remained undefeated. Paced by Reed 
Cooper, the captain, Peter Hunt, John R. M. Gordon, Chris 
Woolley, Charles Butterfield and North Cooper, the Swimming 
Team won their first Little Big Four title by a wide margin. The 
Gym Team won a Quebec Open Meet when Ken Marshall placed 
first in competition with McGill and other senior teams. And, 
finally, the first eleven won the Little Big Four Cricket champion- 
ship as Bruce led them to two clear-cut victories over S.A.C. and 
U.C.C. and a draw against Ridley. 

On Speech Day, the Headmaster paid a special tribute to the 
boys who had proved by their example that leadership is funda- 
mentally a question of character. "There has been," he said, 
"to a higher degree than I have ever experienced before, a sense 
of cooperation and self-discipline in the School, a quiet, deep- 
rooted desire to do one's best and a good best to be friendly 
and helpful, which augurs well for the boys themselves, for the 
School or university of which they are members, and eventually 
for our democratic world." 

When the School reassembled in the autumn of 1951 hopes 
were running high that Trinity could duplicate the feat of 1910- 
1 1 and win a second consecutive football championship. The real 
promise of the season centred on the three returning members 
of the 1950 team who had received Distinction Caps for their 
fine play: McDerment, Muntz and Watts. With the addition of 
four old Colours, they provided a strong nucleus for the coach 
to work on. When the preliminary games were over, however, 
optimism was tempered by two losses in five starts, including a 
23-12 setback by U.T.S. Furthermore, the schedule brought them 
up against their arch rivals, Ridley College, for the first game 
of the series on October 19. 

The stands at Varsity Stadium were gay with pennants and 
streamers as the supporters of the two schools took their places. 
Songs, chants and yells rent the air, reaching a crescendo as the 
two teams snaked their way onto the field. "Roll the score up, 
T.C.S." pursued the T.C.S. players as they lined up for the 
opening kick-off. The whistle blew and the game was on. Fine 


play by Watts, McDerment and Muntz, who made a spectacular 
95 yard run down the sideline for a touch-down, as well as the 
good work of John Board, Hugh Clark and Gordon Currie were 
the outstanding contributions to the 32-12 victory. After a close 
8-6 win over Upper Canada College, the team met S.A.C. on a 
field drifted with snow. The final outcome was a decisive 22-6 
victory. Despite the cold, T.C.S. was there in force over five 
hundred students and Old Boys cheerfully stamped their way 
up and down the sidelines, hoping for the victory that would 
clinch their right to the title a title that did not even exist. No 
cup was to be presented and no award received. Yet when it was 
learned that the team had duplicated the feat of the earlier 
champions of 1911, the School was flooded with messages and 
letters of congratulations. Old Boys had always been proud of 
their School but a football championship became a rallying 
point a symbol for the outpouring of an affection that was 
compounded with pride. 

Further Athletic Triumphs 

The year 1952 was to witness several more athletic triumphs that 
played their part in sustaining the spirit of good fellowship and 
high morale within the School. Once again the hockey team, 
under captain Bob McDerment's leadership, came first among 
the boarding schools but lost out to U.T.S. by one goal in the 
Prep School Group play-off. It was one of the most exciting games 
of the season, climaxed by a great third period. Determined to 
overcome a 3-0 lead, the team broke through the U.T.S. defense 
and on a series of clean passes scored four goals in less than five 
minutes. Bob Arnold, Gordon Currie, McDerment and John 
Long each had one goal to his credit. Then in a pile-up around 
the T.C.S. net, goalie Henry Lafleur was hit on the forehead by 
a stick. The game was held up for fifteen minutes while he was 
patched up. When play resumed, U.T.S. scored a tying goal and 
with a little over a minute to go scored on a breakaway to win 
the series by a one goal margin. Led by Bob McDerment, the 
captain, the team included the following players: Jim Brown, 
Tony Higgins, Hugh Clark, Norman Seagram, Bob Arnold, 


Mike dePencier, J. E. 'Skip' Yale, Henry Lafleur, John Long, 
Hugh Watts, Gordon Currie, R. G. 'Archie' Church and Ron 

Bob McDerment was to end his outstanding athletic career at 
T.C.S. as captain of a cricket team that tied for a Little Big Four 
championship. It was the first time in School history, the Head- 
master pointed out on Speech Day, that one boy had captained 
three championship teams in major sports. 1 There had also been 
other exciting athletic news during the year. The squash team, 
now coached by Mr. Landry for his second year, had captured 
the Championship as Norman Seagram, John Strathy and David 
Luxton made a clean sweep of their matches against Ridley. In 
gym, too, high standards were maintained as the captain, Peter 
Phippen, captured the Eastern Canada Junior Championship 
in 1953 under the skilled coaching of Hadley Armstrong. 

It would not be fitting, however, to omit from the athletic 
record a novel experiment of the cricket season. For the first time, 
a father and son cricket match was organized, featuring Captain 
N. O. Seagram's 'Patented Seagram Method of Complex Scor- 
ing'. The result was a foregone conclusion. The fathers counted 
among their numbers the Headmaster, Ian Cumberland, J. G. K. 
Strathy, G. R. Blaikie, J. C. dePencier, C. F. W. Burns, J. W. 
Seagram, R. E. Merry, G. L. Boone, L. C. Bonnycastle, B. M. 
Osier, N. O. Seagram and L. Sams. They emerged victorious by 
a score of 63 1 / 3 to 5 1 %, though it was distantly rumoured the Sons 
batted 127 runs to the Fathers' 106. The following year the 
system broke down as the Sons emerged victorious by a score of 
65 %o to 61. Among the newcomers to the team were S. B. 
Saunders, P. J. B. Lash and S. B. Lennard. 

Academic Successes 

If the athletic triumphs of 1952 tended to overshadow the 
the academic records established, it was an imbalance put right 
by the Headmaster in his Speech Day report. The Upper School 
candidates of the previous June had passed ninety-five percent 

1T.C.S. had come first in L.B.F. hockey competition, thus winning the right to 
enter the finals with U.T.S. 


of their papers, and sixty-five percent of them had been honours. 
Peter Slater had distinguished himself by winning the Sir Edward 
Beatty Scholarship in Classics at McGill. The Headmaster also 
acclaimed the achievement of two Old Boys, Charles M. Taylor 
of McGill and Ron Watts of Trinity College, Toronto, both of 
whom had been awarded Rhodes scholarships. T.C.S. boys had 
now won five Rhodes Scholarships in six years. Yet another one 
would be added to the total as David McDonald received the 
1953 award for Alberta. In 1951, William Cox had won the 
Rhodes for Bermuda and Peter Martin had duplicated Charles 
Taylor's feat by winning the London Daily Mail competition 
for all of Canada. Members of the staff, too, had won distinction. 
Edward Cayley had been awarded a Carnegie Scholarship at the 
McGill Summer School of Geography and Geoffrey Archbold 
had won a fellowship to the University of Cincinnati. Both were 
Old Boys. 

The Headmaster considered that the staff was at this time the 
best in the history of the School. His view was supported by the 
report of the Inspectors for the Department of Education: "Our 
general impression of the teaching observed was very favourable. 
Some of the lessons were handled with skill and imagination 
which challenged the best efforts of the students. We also recog- 
nize that in many cases the unique backgrounds of members of 
the staff exert an influence that cannot be measured in grade 
standing but which constitute a permanent contribution to the 
education of the boys under their charge. The final examination 
papers of last year which we examined and the excellent Upper 
School record are additional evidence of the high level of scholar- 
ship that is promoted by the staff." The following June, however, 
Upper School results fell to the lowest point since 1942. Un- 
doubtedly preoccupation with sports had had some effect but in 
the main they were caused by the fluctuations from year to year 
in the setting and marking of papers. 

Conference on Education 

Philip Ketchum had long believed that fresh ideas were needed 
in the field of education. Since 1933 he had expressed strong 


criticism of the Ontario Senior Matriculation examination but 
with little success. Now he began to lay plans for an educational 
conference. It was to have far-reaching effects. The conference 
was held at T.C.S. in January 1954 and when the history of 2Oth 
century education in Canada comes to be written this conference 
will undoubtedly be considered the true source of the revolu- 
tionary changes in Canadian education that began in the 1 9605. 
Among those in attendance were the President of the University 
of Toronto, the Principal of Queen's University, the Registrar 
of McGill, the Dean of Arts, Toronto, the Registrar of the 
Ontario Department of Education, the representative of the 
Secondary School Headmasters, the Director of the College 
Board Association of the United States, the President of the 
Educational Testing Service of Princeton, the Dean of Admis- 
sions of Harvard University, the President of the American 
Headmasters' Association, the former Deputy Minister and Par- 
liamentary Secretary to the Board of Education in England and 
the Heads of practically all the Independent Schools in Canada. 
The Globe and Mail ran a column before the conference and 
an editorial and a front page article at its conclusion. Montreal 
papers ran a column at the end of the conference as did other 
papers. The immediate practical results of the conference in- 
cluded the setting up of the 'Atkinson Studies' with a $50,000 
grant obtained from the Atkinson Foundation largely through 
Philip Ketchum's persuasive efforts. The foundation had been 
laid for the most exhaustive educational research project ever 
carried out in Canada. For his contribution to Canadian edu- 
cation, the University of Western Ontario honoured Philip 
Ketchum by conferring on him an honorary LL.D. 

While this momentous conference was concerning itself with 
the theoretical aspects of education, certain practical difficulties 
were impairing the work of the classroom. The T.C.S. clock-bell 
system, installed some 25 years earlier, began to suffer an electric 
breakdown. Sometimes a bell would ring at 8.30, more often it 
failed. During the course of the day, confusion grew, for after an 
hour or so of silence, they would recover and in an excess of zeal 
ring every five minutes. Despite his great ingenuity, the engineer, 
George Campbell, was baffled. The good humour of the House- 


masters was strained to the limit. Finally John Dening, House- 
master of Bethune, suggested George should be awarded the 
No-bell prize for the year. For the perennial late offenders, they 
had been halcyon days. But after a new system had been installed, 
they found themselves once more circling the campus in the 
accustomed six-minute laps. 

Achievements of the Governing Body 

The early fifties saw major achievements on behalf of the School 
by members of the Board of Governors and Old Boys. Hardly 
had the Chapel been completed when the campaign for a 
Sustaining Fund was launched. Once again, Mr. Charles Burns 
took on the arduous task of General Chairman, assisted by 
Messrs. Norman O. Seagram and Dudley Dawson. The Govern- 
ing Body would sorely miss the active participation of Colonel 
Langmuir who had moved to Brockville. For fifteen years he had 
acted as Secretary, Chairman and Secretary, and as Chairman 
alone. Paying tribute to his devoted service, the Headmaster 
recalled that he had directed the clearing of the School's in- 
debtedness; that during his term of office the reconstruction of 
Petry House had taken place, the Farm House had been re- 
modelled, the Hospital reconstructed, the Peter Campbell Rink 
had been built, the Memorial Fund collected and the Memorial 
Chapel built. His place had been taken by Mr. B. M. Osier whose 
name was synonymous with that great tradition of service to 
education and the community which his family had so faithfully 
discharged in the past. For the first time in 1952, the Governing 
Body held its spring meeting in Montreal, a most successful 

Highlights in Sports 

Although the School had every justification for hoping that they 
might bring home a third successive football championship in 
1952, they lost two of their games but only by the narrow margin 
of three points. One of the most exciting games ever seen at 
T.C.S. was played against St. Andrew's. At half time the score 


was 12 all and at the end of the third quarter 18 all. Then St. 
Andrew's pulled ahead for the first time on an unconverted 
touchdown. As time was running out, Doug Colbourne climaxed 
a series of long runs with a touchdown. The score stood tied 
again at 22 all and captain Jim Gordon elected to kick for the 
convert. It was good. Trinity had managed to eke out a one-point 
win on that last crucial play. Once again in 1954, T.C.S. came 
close to a championship and in 1955 shared it with Upper Can- 
ada College. The outcome, in fact, was determined in the first 
game of the series when the two schools battled to a 22 point 
draw. Owing to the exceptionally high calibre of play during 
the season Distinction Awards went to eight members of the 
team: 'Mac' Campbell, Mike Burns, Dave Outerbridge, Bob 
Ferric, Tony Nanton, Stuart Caryer, Ed Long and Bill Jenkins. 
During the Christmas holidays of 1952-53 the hockey team 
took part in the Lawrenceville Tournament at Princeton, the 
first Canadian team to be invited to participate. As several of the 
other seven schools represented did not have artificial ice at that 
time, the superior shooting and playmaking ability of the Trinity 
team showed to advantage. Henry Lafleur's School toque caught 
the imagination of the fans and many of them cheered the team 
on to their victory in the finals of the series. Three members 
of the team, Mike dePencier, the captain, Tony Higgins and 
'Archie' Church were elected to the All Star Team. DePencier 
was also voted the most valuable player of the tournament. Other 
members contributing to the success of the team included Jim 
Brown, John Cumberland, Alex Donald, Peter Giffen, Ron 
Johnson, Ron McCaughey, Jack Mills, Charlie Scott, John Sea- 
gram, 'Skip' Yale, and Wes Mason as manager. The following 
year T.C.S. was invited to defend its title, and once again reached 
the finals where they met Deerfield Academy in the closest 
game of the series. Each of the first two periods ended in a 
tie. In the third period, however, the 'Canuck' team forged 
ahead on goals by Fred Tice and David Osier. When Deerfield 
scored again the result was once more in doubt. In the exciting 
final moments of the period, Church shot the puck into the 
empty net to give T.C.S. a 5-3 win and the unusual honour of 
being the first team to win the tournament in two successive 


seasons. Once again three members of the squad were represented 
on the All Star team captain Ron Johnson, David Osier and 
Archie Church. The many able players on this team provided 
the strength that brought unprecedented success the following 
season. Under the strong captaincy of David Osier in 1955, ably 
supported by Alex Donald, the team completed a sixteen game 
schedule with only two losses. It was the only School hockey team 
that had ever beaten both their arch rivals U.C.C. and U.T.S. 
twice in the same season. Others of the team included Mike 
Burns, Jim Christie, Dave Outerbridge, Eddie Long, Terry Hall, 
Peter Giffen, Mac Campbell, Bill Hyland, Peter Saegert, Bill 
Trowsdale, Jamie Verral, Bert Winnett, Richard Seagram, Tony 
Ketchum and Tony Lash. Of the 16 first teams coached by Archie 
Humble, none had taken their victories more modestly. 

Other Athletic Successes 

In these years, however, the successes of outstanding athletes in 
the School were not confined to the major sports. During the 
1950-55 period, T.C.S. was four times winner of the Squash 
Championship. Among the outstanding players were Martin 
Luxton, Norman Seagram, Anthony Lafleur and Arnold Massey. 
In this period, too, Ernie Howard, who had been an outstand- 
ing player while at school, won the Canadian Open Men's 
Singles title in 1953 and went on to become the first Canadian 
in history to win the U.S. Open Amateur Squash Champion- 
ship. The following year, Arnold Massey became Ontario 
Junior Champion. Mr. Landry's enthusiasm for the game had 
developed many boys into players of real skill. The Cadet Corps 
also added its distinction to the year 1955. It had maintained 
an enviable standard during the 35 years it had flourished 
under Squadron Leader Batt, and now was awarded the R.C.A.F. 
Association Trophy as the most proficient Air Cadet Corps in 
Canada. Flight Lieut. Armstrong, Cadet Squadron Leader D. S. 
Osier and Cadet Flight Lieut. A. D. Massey, in command of the 
band, shared the acclaim. 

The early fifties were remarkable, too, for the number and 
variety of other activities in the School. The School choir had 


long enhanced the Chapel services under their Choirmaster, 
Edmund Cohu. On two occasions during the fifties they were 
honoured when the School's Christmas Carol Service was broad- 
cast by the C.B.C. May i, 1955, was a day to be remembered as 
a musical highlight. The Choir gave the first Canadian per- 
formance of the Old Hundredth to the Coronation setting by 
Vaughan Williams. The influence of music in the School 
received further impetus from Tony Prower, an Old Boy who 
had joined the staff in 1951 and through his work with the Glee 
Club and School orchestra developed much unsuspected musical 


The Ketchum Era-The Final Years 

New Goals 

As THE WORLD moved from crisis to crisis in the mounting 
tension of the Cold War, Canadians became preoccupied 
with their own special fears induced by the spiralling 
postwar inflation. As early as 1950, the Headmaster recognized 
that the School could achieve financial security only by "an 
enormous increase" in the Memorial Endowment Fund. The 
need was made clear to him by the rapid increase in price levels 
that had threatened to cause a further serious revision of the 
plans for the new Chapel. The Chapel planning committee was, 
in fact, in the midst of last minute deletions and alterations when 
a telephone call to the meeting from Mrs. Britton Osier saved 
the situation as she and her family made a further generous 

In 1952, Mr. Charles Burns agreed to act as campaign chair- 
man to raise funds for a substantial endowment. By January 
1954, the objective had been reached but now it was found that 
much of the fund would be required for School improvements, 
including a modernized kitchen. A new start would have to be 
made. In January 1956, the T.C.S. Fund was established and 
once more Mr. Burns accepted the onerous responsibility of 
general chairman, assisted by Mr. Tom Taylor. It was estimated 
that a total sum of over two and a half million dollars would be 
required to increase scholarships and bursaries, make better 
provision for masters' salaries and pensions, and maintain the 
fabric of the School. The campaign envisaged three stages, the 



first, over three years to 1959 had an objective of $500,000 in 
capital gifts. This objective was fulfilled. 

In 1958, the T.C.S. Association was formed so that parents and 
friends of the School might participate more fully in T.C.S. affairs 
jointly with the Old Boys. At this time the Fund was transferred 
to the administration of the Association and Mr. E. M. Sinclair 
became chairman of the Fund Committee. In preparation for all 
these expanded activities, Mr. Jim Kerr, succeeding Mr. Paul 
McFarlane as executive director of the Association, undertook 
the heavy task of preparing for publication an Old Boys' direc- 
tory. Published in 1 960, it listed 4985 boys who had entered the 
School since 1865, of whom 3410 were known to be living. 

Phase two of the campaign envisaged annual giving to provide 
a living endowment of over a million dollars by 1965, the Cen- 
tenary of the School's founding. Phase three, beginning at the 
same time as phase two, had as its objective capital gifts to the 
value of a million dollars by 1965. By 1962, the Chairman of the 
T.C.S. Fund Committee was able to report that the Fund had 
reached its capital goal due in large part to a very substantial 
legacy from Mr. Gerald Larkin. Annual giving, however, was 
still far short of its goal, Mr. Sinclair reported. 

Nevertheless, the late 19505 witnessed a significant change in 
the financial resources of the School. The kitchen was rebuilt and 
new heating equipment installed; major renovations were carried 
out in the existing buildings; two masters' residences were pur- 
chased. In addition, a new Senior School residence was built, 
largely through the generous gift of one donor, Mr. E. W. Bickle. 
Great assistance in both the planning and the execution of all 
these projects was given by Mr. Strachan Ince, an Old Boy, and 
Mr. H. L. Hall, members of the Board of Governors. Bursaries 
and scholarships now had an annual value of over $30,000, and 
masters' salaries were level with the best in the province of 
Ontario. Philip Ketchum's long deferred dream of financial 
security for T.C.S. was at last moving towards fulfilment. 

The combined effect of this magnificent achievement became 
evident in a number of ways. It led the Governing Body to believe 
that a planned and orderly development of the School was now 
possible. As Chairman of the Board from 1959 to 1961, Mr. G. S. 


Osier was vitally interested in these plans and devoted himself 
whole-heartedly to their fulfilment. Stu' as he was familiarly 
known to hundreds of Old Boys had had an outstanding career 
at School. He had been Head Prefect and Bronze Medallist in 
1923, and one of those unusual leaders who became a triple cap- 
tain. His qualities of leadership enriched the business world in 
later years when he became President of the Toronto Stock Ex- 
change and Chairman of its Board of Governors. His death in 
1964 after a lengthy illness was deeply mourned. His position as 
Chairman of the T.C.S. Board of Governors was taken by Mr. 
Geoffrey E. Phipps, another Old Boy prominent in the business 
world. In January 1962 the latter proposed a Master Develop- 
ment Plan and studies began that envisaged a limited expansion 
of School facilities in the near future. It was a great loss to the 
School when a serious illness forced him to relinquish the Chair- 
manship which in 1964 once more came under the capable 
direction of Mr. B. M. Osier. 

"We shall never be able to express the depth of our indebted- 
ness except in one way," Dr. Ketchum told the Governing Body, 
in 1962. "And that is by doing more for the boys in our care than 
any other School can do." 

That was the challenge to a staff whose job it was to translate 
into reality the aims envisaged in the appeal for funds: "To 
develop the best that is in boys, inspiring them with ideals of 
self-discipline, high intellectual attainment, and physical fitness. 
It is felt to be most important that boys should be endowed with 
a thorough understanding of the meaning of good citizenship, 
that the best method of acquiring this is through a healthy, 
cooperative community life, based on the principles of the 
Christian religion. The whole routine of the School life is 
designed to further these aims." 

Unfortunately, the School was still not immune to epidemics 
during the 19505. Influenza continued to be the chief scourge. 
In the spring of 1957, some 165 boys were ill, 70 of them within 
a 48 hour period. The fortitude of Irene Scott, the nurse, and 
Dora Wilson, the housekeeper, was little short of miraculous 
under such trying circumstances but with the added support of 
staff and wives their efforts were crowned with success. Since 'flu 


vaccines became available in the early 1 9605, there have been no 
further major epidemics of influenza in the School. 

Dr. Ketchum could point with pride to unusual academic 
achievements at T.C.S. during these final years of his Head- 
mastership. In June 1957, the top Sixth Form had excellent 
results in the Grade 13 examinations, certainly the best in the 
history of the School, and probably equalling any in Ontario. 

Dr. Ketchum had brought together what he considered "an 
exceptionally strong staff". For a small group they were exercising 
an unusual degree of influence on Canadian education. Mr. Dale, 
Mr. Gordon, Mr. Hodgetts and Mr. Humble had all written or 
collaborated in the writing of texts that were in general use not 
only in Ontario but in several instances in other provinces of 
Canada as well. 

There was evidence, too, of the effect of the scholarship pro- 
gramme in force at the School. In 1961, the School entered a 
team in the North American Mathematics contest and won high 
ranking, coming i7th out of 270 schools that participated. In 
1963, T.C.S. came fourth with 340 schools participating and 
three boys ranked in the top thirty of the 7200 students entered 
in the contest. The following year a team consisting of Daniel 
George, David Lindop and David Paget, came 4th in Ontario 
and all three placed among the top 30 of the 7700 students in the 
competition. In 1965 David Laing was in the top 10 per cent 
among the contestants. More and more younger Old Boys con- 
tinued to win honours in their graduate work, many of whom 
had been assisted at T.C.S. by scholarships or bursaries. Though 
the record is by no means complete, almost fifty are listed in the 
appendix as holding fellowships after World War II. 

Such evidence made it obvious that academic standards were 
moving towards achievement of the acknowledged aims of the 
School. But the formal academic life, while it absorbed much of 
the boy's day, was in fact only a small part, and perhaps a less 
important part, of his total development. Club activities also 
played a major role. The political science club provided insight 
into current world problems as members prepared serious papers 
to be read to the membership. The debating society allowed each 
member to participate in inter-school debates as well as acquire 


poise and confidence in the give-and-take of intramural competi- 
tion. The Fulford Trophy, symbol of supremacy in the art of 
public speaking among the five participating schools, had not 
often returned to T.C.S. after it was first presented for competi- 
tion in 1949. But it had stimulated interest in debating and led 
to the formation of a Junior Society in that year. In 1955 and 
again in 1959, T.C.S. shared the Trophy with S.A.C. 

Dramatics, too, had flourished under both Mr. Dale and Mr. 
Angus Scott. When the latter produced Arms and the Man in 
i955> f r which Peter Saegert and Edo ten Broek won acting 
awards, and Journey's End in 1956, starring Colin McNairn, 
Trevor Ham and Michael Meighen, the Headmaster had good 
reason to congratulate the director as well as Mr. Bishop who 
had produced the best sets the School had yet seen. Philip 
Bishop's artistic skill found an even greater outlet as the School 
began its series of outstanding Gilbert and Sullivan productions 
with Messrs. Gordon, Wilson and Prower the guiding geniuses. 
In 1961 they staged The Pirates of Penzance, with a cast of 
ninety-five including staff as well as students. It was the most 
ambitious dramatic undertaking the School had ever attempted 
and from Linton Murray as Major General Stanley who showed 
the authentic Gilbert and Sullivan voice and mannerisms to the 
youngest member of the chorus, it was successful beyond all 
expectation. It had been over ten years since the last Gilbert and 
Sullivan opera was produced. In 1950 Mr. Arthur Snelgrove's 
production of H.M.S. Pinafore featured Duane Howard as Sir 
Joseph Porter who "stole the show with his natural, yet highly 
amusing portrayal of that pompous First Lord of the Admiralty". 
Only one other minor production of their work had been per- 
formed since the 19205 and that was Cox and Box, an hilarious 
production in 1939, featuring Mr. Lewis, George Hancock and 
Ian Tate. 

With an interval of a year between productions, Messrs. 
Gordon and Wilson once more marshalled their forces and in 
1963 delighted their large audiences for two nights with a 
sparkling production of lolanthe. Once again Mr. Prower as 
musical director and Mr. Bishop as set designer played an integral 
part in the high standard of staging and performance that 


inspired the cast. "An extra dividend can be declared," stated a 
press report, "when a talent particularly suited to the mood and 
flavour of Gilbert and Sullivan's operas is discovered. Such was 
very definitely the case last night when Robert Gibson, a 1 7-year 
old student, was the Lord Chancellor to the very marrow of his 
bones, in gesture, timing, affectation of voice and all the funny 
little bits of business so necessary to the part." 

Life at T.C.S. was being lived to the full. A typical Wednesday 
or Saturday in winter might schedule five or six hockey games, 
three basketball games, squash, gym, swimming and skiing com- 
petitions, an evening debate, or public speaking contest, as well 
as a variety of practices including the choir, the Cadet band, and 
School orchestra, the dramatic society, a Pat Moss fair or a library 
sale. In the same week there might be a trip to the Ontario 
Museum, the O'Keefe Centre or the Crest theatre. And before 
the week-end was over there would be meetings of the Political 
Science Club, the French Club, the Electronics Club, the Science 
Club, the Stamp Club, the Photographic Society, the Music Club, 
and possibly a visit of a special speaker to talk about careers. All 
this was in addition to a full academic programme that would 
find the Library occupied with quiet study after the morning 
Chapel service. One has only to compare this with the activities of 
Peter Perry and his contemporaries in 1870 to realize how revolu- 
tionary have been the changes in education in the intervening 
years. And the outstanding achievements of these years suggest 
that a full life is, for the most part, synonymous with a successful 

In 1956, T.C.S. shared Little Big Four honours with St. 
Andrew's in football as they had shared them with Upper Can- 
ada the year before. In his summary of the season, Mr. Lawson 
in his first year of coaching Bigside, paid tribute to the fine run- 
ning blockers, Ken Scott, Blane Bowen and Tim Kennish, Al 
Shier's powerful plunging and passing combined with 'Rusty' 
Dunbar's deceptive speed and Terry Hall's exceptional ability 
as a pass receiver. In amassing 185 points to their opponents' 86, 
the team owed much to the outstanding tackling of Tony 
Higgins, Colin McNairn and Peter Perrin. The final key to a suc- 
cessful season lay in friendship and Rusty Dunbar's irrepressible 


buoyancy had a great deal to do with it; the strains of 'Embrace- 
able You' were not unusual at the bottom of a pile-up. It was 
with a deep sense of shock that the School learned of his tragic 
death in a highway accident in 1964. 

In 1957, as Tom Lawson coached the team for the second year, 
they took undisputed title to the Championship. In many respects 
this team could be considered the best in the hundred years of 
T.C.S. history. It was never scored upon in Little Big Four com- 
petition. It outran, outblocked and outtackled each of its oppo- 
nents. The rhythmic plays generated by the superb blocking of 
Kennish, Bowen and Scott were a joy to all beholders. Many of 
these boys had begun their athletic career as an unbeaten Boulden 
House team and from there continued their triumphant way 
through the School. The highlight of the first Little Big Four 
game against U.C.C. occurred in the second half. T.C.S. held a 
14-0 lead when U.C.C. advanced the ball to the one yard line 
and held it for a first down. On three successive plays U.C.C. was 
stopped inches short of a touchdown. They got a fourth chance 
on an off-side penalty to T.C.S. This time they were driven back 
five yards and Trinity took over. Tony Lash, on the field for the 
second time in three weeks because of flu, made an average of 
nine yards on fifteen plays. 

In the words of the U.C.C. Current Times, T.C.S. "had 
unveiled the most devastating ground attack in Little Big Four 
football. They ran their plays so smoothly and with such decep- 
tion that even the movie photographer was totally bewildered 
as to where the ball was going. Combined with (according to 
some veteran observers) the finest high school blocking ever 
seen, the effect was wonderful to behold." The final score was 
22-0; the writer predicted T.C.S. would defeat Ridley by at least 
16 points. His prescience was remarkable for the score of the next 
game was 1 6-0 as Ridley also succumbed to the powerful attack. 
In the third quarter the T.C.S. blocking and tackling finally 
determined the issue as the School averaged ten yards on nine 
consecutive plays. Gerry Wigle, Peter Perrin and Jim Hyland 
sparked a series of tackles that could be heard all over the field. 
But despite the fury of the assault, the best of good sportsmanship 
prevailed throughout the game. The final game of the series 


against St. Andrew's was less spectacular as a number of the 
players had sustained injuries in the Ridley game. Despite 
numerous first quarter fumbles, however, the School scored a 
touchdown when Dave Marett was put in the clear by Rick New- 
land's good blocking. Once again in the third quarter the team 
recovered its rhythm and Bowen led Don Farnsworth and Hyland 
for a long run that was climaxed by Marett's field goal from the 
twenty-five yard line. A few plays later, the i i-o victory brought 
to an end a most memorable football season. In addition to the 
co-captains, Tony Lash and Tim Kennish, Distinction Caps were 
awarded to Blane Bowen, Don Farnsworth, Doug Higgins, Dave 
Knight, Dave Marett, Rick Newland, Peter Perrin, Ken Scott, 
Al Shier and Frank Stephenson. Full Colours were received by 
Ian Angus, Al Barbour, Doug Cunningham, Jim Day, Ian Dowie, 
Peter Gordon, Bob Hart, Jim Hyland, Peter Levedag, Brit Mock- 
ridge, Peter Shirriff, Dick Smith, Bill Southern, and Gerry Wigle. 
A word at least must be said about the long range effect of 
the School mascots. For several years the Ketchum ponies had 
successively added to the excitement and colour of the football 
season as the pony, skilfully guided by his schoolboy driver 
perched in the pony cart, dashed around the field, resplendent 
in black and maroon. Chris, Tony and Nick Ketchum had in turn 
taken on this responsibility as they progressed through the 
School. The School ponies had succeeded the Ketchum lambs 
that had flourished briefly in the early fifties. Unfortunately, they 
had been poor bus travellers. Chronic illness on such occasions 
had forced their untimely retirement from the limelight, hast- 
ened undoubtedly by their shocking performance at U.C.C. 
They got loose one night in the Upper Canada grounds after 
being relegated to the Principal's garage for the evening. Pande- 
monium followed as the Principal and most of the School joined 
the pursuit in the inky blackness of the night. Their earlier 
predecessor, the goat, had ended his career even more ignomin- 
iously. Pansy's fall from grace began the day Miss Smith, the 
housekeeper, in shocked indignation, came upon him securely 
tied up in a boy's bed, nonchalantly consuming the sheets. His 
early demise was sealed, however, when Edwin Nash discovered 
him eating the last of the tulips that were to have made the path- 


way to the Lodge a crowning glory on Speech Day. The present 
incumbent of the office, also a goat, is known simply by the 
historic initials 'W.A.'. He has yet to disgrace his calling. The 
Centennial Cow which appeared mysteriously in the Bethune 
corridor one spring night in 1965 may have been intended as 
a mascot. But the skipper of the good ship Bethune, Philip 
Bishop, could not be sure. The cow disappeared, the deck was 
swabbed down, and peace returned well before dawn. There 
were other mascots through the years, but none ever reached the 
venerable age of the Ridley 'Tiger'. They, too, perhaps, would 
have fared better had they been stuffed. 

Sports other than football also shared the limelight in the late 
fifties. In 1957 the hockey team, captained by Terry Hall, assisted 
by Dave Cape, divided Prep School group honours with Upper 
Canada and were runners up in the Lawrenceville Tournament 
in which they had again been invited to participate. They lost out 
to St. Paul's School, rated as the best in American prep school 
hockey, by a score of 2-1. The following year T.C.S. returned to 
Lawrenceville and under the leadership of Al Shier, the captain, 
and Dick Smith, the vice-captain, once more carried off the cup. 
Their hardest battle was the opener from which they emerged 
4-3 victors after two minutes of overtime. Conditions for the 
finals of the series were unique as dense fog covered the arena. 
Only the flashing of the red light could tell the opposing goal- 
keeper that a goal had been scored. Nevertheless, it was a hard- 
fought struggle from which T.C.S. emerged 4-1 victors over 
Kimball Union. Enthusiasm at the School for hockey continued 
at a high level and in 1962, under the amiable eye of captain Bill 
Bowen, the first team established an enviable record of only three 
losses in eighteen games, in the course of which they overcame 
a 2-1 lead by Ridley and in an exciting final period went on to 
win 4-2. Coached by Mr. Lawson and led by the outstanding 
goal tending of Bill Bowen, the team included the following 
players: Don Fry, Bill Jackson, Lee Watchorn, Ed Dodge, J. M. 
'Sam' Worrall, Neil Campbell, Bruce Maycock, Dave Newton, 
Bob Burns and Gordon MacNab. 

In swimming, too, T.C.S. had outstanding successes under the 
skilled coaching of Mr. Hodgetts. In 1957, the team won the 


Little Big Four meet in which new records were set by Bill 
Warner in the 100 yard free style and the four man Medley 
Relay team consisting of Glen Davis, Tony Lash, Adam Saunders 
and Bill Warner. A first place was also won by Rick Newland in 
the diving. The following year the feat was repeated as Warner 
broke his previous record in the 100 yard free style and Glen 
Davis established a new record in the 50 yards backstroke. The 
team added to its triumph by winning the Eastern Canadian 
Interscholastic Championship. The 200 yard Medley Relay 
Team of Davis, Peter Levedag, Lash and Warner set a new Junior 
Canadian record to seal the victory. In 1959, with Mr. Kirk- 
patrick as coach, the Swimming Team won their third successive 
championship. It had been the closest contest in the history of 
the meet and T.C.S. nosed out U.C.C., their nearest competitor, 
by six points. Once again Warner, Davis and Bob Bannerman 
provided the strength that brought victory. Warner won the 100 
and 200 yards free-style and Davis made records in the 50 yards 
backstroke and the 50 yards butterfly. The team then took part 
in the Eastern Canadian Interscholastic meet in Montreal and 
successfully defended their championship against ten other 
schools. Highlights of the victory included a first place to Warner 
in the 100 yards free style and to John Vanstone in the diving as 
well as a spectacular first for Davis as he set a new record in the 
150 yards individual medley race. In 1960, in an exciting finish, 
U.C.C. forged ahead to win the Little Big Four meet on the 
results of the final race the 200 yards free style relay but 
T.C.S. once again successfully defended their Eastern Canadian 
championship in Montreal. Jim Oborne won a first in the diving 
as the team emerged eight points ahead of their nearest com- 

In tennis, T.C.S. usually came well up in the Little Big Four 
competition and in 1958 shared first place with Ridley. The 
following year, the team took undisputed possession of the Cup. 
Contributing to the success of the season were John Richards, 
the captain, John Woodcock, Dave Thorn, Malcolm Blincow, 
and Kerry Martin. 

Basketball also shared the limelight during these years, under 
Mr. Heard's coaching, and a particularly distinguished team, 


captained by John Kime, became Independent School champions 
in 1961. Full Colours for the season were awarded to Robin 
Glass, John James, John Kime, 'Kit' Laybourne and Dick Willis. 
It was the first championship the School had won since 1948 
when Rick Gaunt's team went through to victory in their inter- 
School schedule with Mr. Hodgetts as coach. For his own fine 
performance Rick received a Distinction Cap while full Colours 
were awarded to Ian Rogers, Dave Sweny, J. D. Williams and 
Stu Wismer. The team of 1950, led by captain Don Greenwood 
and Alex Hughes, is particularly worthy of mention as they 
reached the finals with U.T.S., won their first of the home-and- 
home series but lost out on total points 69-63. It was the first 
peak period for basketball since Mr. Gerald Dixon had revived 
interest in the game in the 19305. 

From the days when the name of William Osier dominated 
the track and field events at Weston, Sports Day at T.C.S. has 
been one of the highlights of the athletic year. Records at the 
School as elsewhere have existed only to be broken. It is no sur- 
prise, therefore, to find three-quarters of the senior records have 
been established in the past ten years, though of course, the 
javelin throw, the discus and the pole vault are relatively recent 

From the 19308 no senior records remain, though the time 
established by Phil Ambrose in the open mile (1934) was not 
broken until the centennial year. Jim Cutten's times in the inter- 
mediate 100 yard dash (1936) and the junior 220 yards (1934) 
still stand. Though no senior records remain from the 19405 
either, the record breakers of the 19505 have stood the onslaught 
of time more firmly: Jim Christie for the cricket ball throw 
(1955), five inches better than William Osier's record almost 
a hundred years earlier; Bob Ferric for the 100 yard dash (1956) ; 
Mike Burns for the 120 yard hurdles (1956) ; Bob Wood for the 
pole vault (1957) ; Bob Hart for the javelin throw (1958) ; and 
Peter Shirriff for the 880 yards (1959) . Senior records for the 
19605 are just as numerous: the discus throw by Roger Yates 
(1960) ; the hop, step and jump by Dick Willis (1960) ; the 220 
yards and the shot put by Kit Laybourne (1962) ; the 440 yards 
by Gordon Pollock (1962) ; the high jump by Bill Jackson 


(1962) ; the broad jump by Nat Bradley (1963) ; and the open 
mile by Michael Sketch (1965) . 

"We Shall Remember Them" 

During the latter years of Dr. Ketchum's Headmastership, more 
and more often he found it his sad duty to record the deaths of 
Old Boys and Governors who had played a prominent part in 
School affairs. Among them were Hugh Labatt who had served 
19 years on the Board of Governors, Colonel John Langmuir, for 
sixteen years Secretary and Chairman of the Board, R. C. H. 
Cassels, who had guided the School through the perilous thirties 
as Secretary and Chairman of the Board, and Gerald Larkin, a 
Life Member of the Board and most generous benefactor of the 
School. It occurred to the Headmaster that there were other men 
who had also given distinguished service to the School and before 
it was too late, he resolved to honour them at a special dinner. 
In October 1961, the School paid tribute to its three senior 
Governors, Mr. R. P. Jellett, Mr. G. B. Strathy, and Mr. Norman 
Seagram. Among them, they had been intimately associated with 
T.C.S. for a total of two hundred and six years. 

Mr. Strathy died in July 1963. A brilliant student, Gerard 
Strathy was Head Boy at the School in 1899. He won distinction 
in his profession of law and was created a K.C. in 1928. Through- 
out his life he maintained a deep interest in T.C.S. to which he 
sent his three sons, James, Colin and Pat. He was appointed to the 
Governing Body in 1915, served as Chairman for many years, 
and gave freely of his time and substance in the many crises 
through which the School passed. His deep interest in education 
also embraced Trinity College, and in 1954 it conferred upon 
him its highest honour by appointing him Chancellor. 

Three months after the death of Gerard Strathy, the School 
lost the second of these three great friends when Norman Seagram 
died. From the time that he was a boy at T.C.S. in the 18905, he 
gave long and devoted loyalty in his service to the School. Prob- 
ably no family has had a closer connection with T.C.S. His three 
brothers attended the School as well as his three sons and five 
grandsons. His granddaughter, Lorna, is the wife of the present 


Headmaster, Angus Scott. Mr. Seagram's many interests included 
horse-racing, and the Seagram Stable, which he founded with 
his brothers, was for years the leading stable in Canada, produc- 
ing many victories in the important races of North America 
including the King's Plate on several occasions. A first class 
cricketer himself, his lifelong interest in the game did much to 
foster cricket in Ontario. He was elected a School Governor in 
1924, and on several occasions was its Chairman during the 
difficult days of the 19305. 

Robert P. Jellett died in Montreal in August 1964. Few Old 
Boys have contributed more to T.C.S. than did 'R. P.' in the 
course of a long association that began as a boy in 1892. He was 
appointed a Governor in 1911, and when Graham Orchard 
became Headmaster, he became his guide, philosopher and 
loyal friend during the critical periods of his regime. When 
Philip Ketchum succeeded as Headmaster, R. P. Jellett gave 
his strong and active support for over thirty years. His many gifts 
to the School over the years were a constant reflection of his 
affectionate interest. He was associated with the Royal Trust 
Company throughout his business career and became President 
and Chairman of the executive committee. Among his closest 
interests was the welfare of the Anglican Church which he 
expressed in his active participation in furthering the work of 
the Church. 

The Anglican Church, as well as the School, lost two of its 
most distinguished leaders in the late 19505. Archbishop Renison 
died in 1957. He had been a devoted Old Boy and Governor and 
had never missed an opportunity over the years to visit T.C.S. 
The Church lost a selfless and exceptionally gifted leader, and 
Canada a most distinguished son. 

Robert Renison came to T.C.S. from the Nipigon in 1886, was 
nick-named Paddy, won all the snow-shoe races, and became 
Head Boy in 1892. After a brilliant career at the University of 
Toronto, he studied Theology at Wycliffe and was ordained in 
1896. In 1898 he went to Moose Fort and Albany as a missionary 
and remained in that wild country for fourteen years. In suc- 
cession he was Rector of the Church of the Ascension in Hamil- 
ton, of Christ Church, Vancouver, Dean of New Westminster, 


Bishop of Athabaska, Rector of St. Paul's, Toronto, Bishop of 
Moosonee, Archbishop and Metropolitan of Ontario. During 
the First World War he served in France as a Chaplain and in 
the Second World War he was Honorary Chaplain to the Air 
Force. He was elected a member of the Governing Body in 1941. 
His weekly articles in the Globe and Mail were read by thousands 
and he finished his autobiography two days before he died. He 
had the vision of a poet and few men of his generation could 
paint word pictures so vividly and impressively. 

In 1958, the Headmaster recorded the death of Bishop Brough- 
all, the last surviving Old Boy bishop. 

'Billy' Broughall, as he was affectionately known to a large 
number of his devoted friends, had a distinguished career at 
T.C.S., at Trinity College and in the Church. At T.C.S. he was 
a Prefect, an athlete who by dint of his wiry body and unquench- 
able spirit became one of the strongest members of excellent 
football and cricket teams, and a first class runner; he was also 
a member of the Choir and of the Dramatic Society. He spent six 
years at the School, from 1888-1894, and then entered Trinity 
College, graduating with an M.A. in 1898. He was ordained in 
1899 and served in a succession of posts that culminated in his 
appointment as Dean of Niagara in 1925. Elected Bishop of 
Niagara in 1932, he served the Diocese with great distinction 
until 1949 when he retired. During his ministry he was Chairman 
of the Committee which founded the Canadian Council of 
Churches, Chairman of the Canadian Delegation to Conferences 
in England and Scotland on Faith and Order, and Life and 
Work; Trinity College and Wycliffe College conferred on him 
the degree of Doctor of Divinity and McMaster University 
honoured him with the degree of Doctor of Laws. Bishop 
Broughall was a lovable man who understood men and touched 
easily one's most responsive chords. Therein perhaps lay his 
unprecedented success as a Parish Priest and Bishop. 

"I remember him so clearly," Dr. Ketchum said. "How well 
he spoke to the Confirmation candidates and with what depth 
of devotion he celebrated the first Service of Holy Communion 
in our Memorial Chapel. He gave his own personal silver Com- 
munion vessels to the School and we use them in his memory. 


His life and work will go on, generation by generation, and our 
love and admiration of him will never grow dim." 

In his letter to Old Boys in April 1960, Dr. Ketchum paid 
tribute to Sam Batt whose sudden death had occurred on March 
18. When Squadron Leader Batt retired the previous June, he 
had completed fifty-seven years of service in uniform. Thirty- 
eight of those years had been spent at T.C.S. The year before 
he came to Trinity, the Cadet Corps had not distinguished 
itself on Inspection Day. In fact The Record pointed out that 
"although we did our work fairly well, yet it was only elemen- 
tarythe A of the ABC of military training". During the next 
thirty-eight years, the Corps was inspected by five Governors 
General, and many high ranking officers, including ten generals, 
four air marshals, five vice air marshals, one vice admiral, and a 
Minister of National Defence. They all attested to the excellence 
of Mr. Batt's work with the cadets, the gym squads, the physical 
training, the shooting and the life-saving. In all those thirty-eight 
years he had missed only one day of instruction. No man had 
ever found more truly his real vocation and he followed it almost 
to the end. Sam Batt's name will always be held in high esteem 
by the boys who knew him and benefitted from his teaching and 
his character. 

Dr. Ketchum Retires 

In 1958, Philip Ketchum was warned by his doctor that he must 
slow down the pace of his life. He had hoped to continue at the 
helm until the 1965 centenary year but he admitted publicly that 
he felt "a slowed down Headmaster is not the kind needed for a 
vital, pulsating energetic family of three hundred boys". Deeply 
concerned, the Board of Governors granted him a six months' 
leave of absence during the following school year. To carry on 
while he was absent, Angus C. Scott was appointed Assistant 
Headmaster, "a keen, able young man," said Dr. Ketchum, "in 
whose ear I had whispered my idea some three or four years 
ago." Dr. Ketchum returned to his duties in the spring of 1960 
but resolved to step down and made his decision known to the 
Board of Governors. The official announcement of his resigna- 


tion came at a special meeting of the Board on November 26, 
1961. The Rev. Dr. Cosgrave, a Life Member of the Board, was 
chosen to read the resolution expressing the Board's appreciation 
of his outstanding service to the School. 

"Dr. Ketchum undertook the duties of this position in what 
were difficult and even critical days in the history of the School 
and he faced the situation with such courage and resolution as 
to arouse the admiration of all associated with him in the admin- 
istration of Trinity College School. As the years passed the mem- 
bers of the Governing Body regarded him with ever increasing 
confidence and affection. The remarkable success of the School 
during the past twenty-nine years and the place which it occupies 
today among the great educational institutions of this country 
are in no small degree the result of the wise leadership of its 
Headmaster. He gathered around him as members of his staff 
men and women of the highest calibre and inspired them to give 
of their best to the service of the School. He was satisfied with 
nothing less than the highest standards in the training of the 
pupils in matters spiritual, intellectual and physical. The Cor- 
poration of Trinity College School will regard Dr. Ketchum in 
the years to come as one of its greatest benefactors and it is con- 
fident that this view of him is shared by all friends of the School. 

"The Corporation at the same time desires to express its high 
appreciation of the way in which Mrs. Ketchum has supported 
her husband and of her charm and courtesy which have made 
Trinity College School a very pleasant place for its occupants and 
for the friends of the School who have visited it from time to 

"The members of the Corporation and Governing Body offer 
to Dr. and Mrs. Ketchum their very good wishes for their happi- 
ness in the days of their retirement and it assures them of their 
unabated affection and their gratitude for so many kindnesses." 

Much of the success of his regime can undoubtedly be attrib- 
uted to the gracious hospitality extended by Mrs. Ketchum to 
the host of visitors, the staff and the boys who were entertained 
at the Lodge. Those within the immediate School circle were 
always aware of the genuine and immediate concern of the 
Ketchums in time of illness or sorrow. Memories of tulip-eating 


goats, ponies and poodles mingle nostalgically with flashbacks to 
bowling in the Lodge garden and the constantly moving, chort- 
ling groups of young children at the parties given so often by 
Ottilie Ketchum at the Lodge. Over the years she won the admira- 
tion and deep affection of an ever increasing circle of friends. 

On Speech Day, 1962, Philip Ketchum looked back over the 
twenty-nine years in which he had shaped the destiny of the 
School. He referred humorously to some of the duties he had had 
to perform bursar, hotel manager, public relations man, 
teacher, coach, farmer, building and grounds superintendent, 
recruiting sergeant, housemaster on duty every night, detective, 
financial officer responsible to the bank, writer of prospectuses 
and advertisements, sometimes chaplain, and often a nursemaid. 
"But it was fun," he added, "because it was so full of unknown 
quantities and adventure." 

He recalled a passage from a sermon delivered by Bishop Brent 
in the School Chapel in 1916 when he himself was a boy at school. 
It epitomized his own view of what life was meant to be: 

"An old proverb says Tear nothing but fear'. Opportunity 
always responds to courage. An opportunist fits himself to the 
opportunity, but the real conqueror is he who sees his oppor- 
tunity and fits it to his conception of the ideal." 

His own life was conceived in this pattern and he followed it 
steadfastly. When he retired in 1962, he could look back on what 
can only be described as a triumphal progress through the twenty- 
nine years he remained at the helm. He lived long enough to see 
the partial realization of his dream of a great school, moving 
towards financial security, preparing to meet the challenges of 
the future. 

It was typical of Philip Ketchum that in his farewell address 
on Speech Day, 1962, he should pause to pay tribute to Peter 
Lewis who had been his right hand man for 29 years. "In his 
forty years at T.C.S.," the Headmaster said, "he has made an 
impress for good on thousands of boys which they will recognize 
all their lives." 

The man of whom he spoke was a young Cambridge graduate 
in the spring of 1922. He went to the Cambridge employment 
agency and was given two addresses: one was Ridley College, St. 


Catharines, the other was Trinity College School. It was in this 
way that the career of Peter Lewis was cast in the pleasant life 
of Port Hope. His salary, Dr. Orchard informed him, would be 
$1400 but hastened to add there was no income tax. 

George Spragge, a former Head Boy and enthusiastic and hard 
working member of the staff, introduced him to his new life. 
Looking younger than many boys at the School, Peter Lewis was 
promptly named 'the kid'. He became something of a phenome- 
non. In the morning his fine tenor voice could be heard from the 
bath. Soon he became known for his wry humour and laboratory 
performances that sometimes possessed a fine theatrical quality. 
They rarely failed to capture interest. His growing reputation 
included a recognition of his exceptional skill at tennis, squash, 
and cricket. As a Gilbert and Sullivan actor he had few peers. 
As a teacher of science he was thorough and painstaking in his 
work. Few men can have achieved a set of values that enabled 
them to pursue their lives with more serenity, and the hospitality 
of Gertrude and Peter Lewis to the T.C.S. family is a memorable 
tradition. When Mr. Scott regretfully announced his retirement 
on Speech Day 1965, he was given a standing ovation a tribute 
to his 43 years of outstanding service to the School. He was now to 
be Senior Master Emeritus, an honour conferred by the Govern- 
ing Body and announced by the Chairman, Mr. B. M. Osier. 

Dr. Ketchum himself, after a year's retirement leave, continued 
to seize what Bishop Brent had called "the opportunities of the 
fleeting days". In 1963, he accepted an appointment as assistant 
to the President of the University of Toronto for Secondary 
School affairs where in time, it was thought, his broad experience 
in education would create a wide and unbreakable bridge be- 
tween the University and the secondary schools. Unhappily his 
work in this field had just begun when he died of a heart attack 
on July 21, 1964. During the years many tributes were paid to 
Philip Ketchum both publicly and privately. None has come 
closer to expressing the general admiration for his achievements 
than the tribute of Mr. Charles Burns on the occasion celebrating 
his twenty-five years as Headmaster. "Something of his spirit 
touches all who come in contact with him. We are all, I think, 
a little better for having known him." 


A New Headmaster 

The Appointment of Angus C. Scott 

IN MAKING HIS decision to retire in June 1962, Philip Ketchum 
was influenced to a very large extent by the fact that he knew 
there would be no major problem caused by the change in 
Headmastership. Mr. Angus C. Scott had joined the staff in 
September 1952 and became Brent Housemaster in 1955 on the 
retirement of Mr. Charles Scott who had spent twenty-one years 
as senior Housemaster at T.C.S. and fifty-two years teaching. 
Angus Scott replaced a man who had established an enviable 
reputation both as a just and respected disciplinarian and an 
outstanding teacher. If he was feared at all, it was only because 
of his uncanny knack of sensing unlawful nocturnal activities 
and applying appropriate counter measures. This would be a 
difficult man to replace but it is a measure of Angus Scott's 
success that scarcely a ripple disturbed the normal life of the 
House. And when he laid low the ghost that had been haunting 
the nether regions of Brent, his reputation for extrasensory per- 
ception began to rival that of his predecessor. 

In 1959, Angus Scott was appointed Assistant Headmaster. 
"We have long had Mr. Scott in mind," Dr. Ketchum told the 
Board, "because of his obvious youth and energy and the capable 
way he has carried out his many duties as Housemaster of Brent 
House, combining in such a happy mixture skill, good humour, 
sound judgement and foresight. We are doubly fortunate now 
that he has brought his bride to T.C.S." 

Mr. Scott had attended Hillfield College, Hamilton, and then 
Ridley College. But through his grandfather, the late R. S. 
Morris and his three grand uncles all of whom attended T.C.S. 



in the i88os, his link with the School is an intimate one. In the 
fall of 1943, he entered Trinity College but three months later 
left to join the R.N.V.R. where he became a pilot in the Fleet 
Air Arm. At the end of hostilities he returned to university and 
in 1949 obtained his degree in History. During his university 
career he took a prominent part in the Trinity College Dramatic 
Society, played football and hockey and was captain of the water 
polo team for three years. After a year's teaching at Appleby, 
he entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and took his degree 
in English and History. He returned to Canada to join the T.C.S. 
staff. In 1 96 1 he was granted a year's leave of absence and attended 
the Harvard Graduate School of Education. Thus, to a remark- 
able degree, his background resembled that of Philip Ketchum 
whom he succeeded. 

There were few outward changes. As Angus Scott pointed out 
in his first Speech Day address, the aims of the School have 
remained unchanged over the years. Only in emphasis has there 
been variation. "Keenness and enthusiasm for the right things 
are still sought after qualities. Perhaps even more important than 
formerly is adaptability combined with an unshakeable faith in 
the principles of Christianity. Adaptability is important because 
of the headlong speed of changing conditions in this second half 
of the twentieth century. Our faith in the basic doctrine of love, 
which includes a duty to help our fellows, and to serve others is 
now, as it always has been, the key to a useful and happy life." 

Symbols of the useful and happy life were readily apparent as 
Trinity responded to the new helmsman. Academic standards 
were still moving ahead as more frequent departmental meetings 
generated new ideas for the betterment of teaching theory and 
practice. The electronic world has provided new and exciting 
developments in education, and in September 1964 the School 
installed a modern language laboratory which has already proved 
its value in the teaching of French. The Senior Matriculation 
results for 1964 were the best in the School's history but even 
this record was shattered in 1965, the centennial year. 

The outstanding success of the Gilbert and Sullivan revival 
contrived to provide many of the happiest hours in the life of 
the School. But there continued to be many other outlets for 


individual enthusiasm which also led to outstanding achieve- 
ment. In 1963, the Chief of the Air Staff, Air Marshal Dunlap 
had found on Inspection Day "a school cadet corps second to 
none". The gym team, coached by Mr. Armstrong and Mr. 
Phippen, won the championship for Central Ontario under the 
captaincy of Michael Seagram and for their fine contribution, 
Seagram, Andy Ross, Bob Kirby, Richard Grynoch and John 
Nugent were awarded full Colours. The following year the team 
reached new heights captained by Bob Kirby as they went on to 
excel teams from R.M.C., the University of Toronto, the Uni- 
versity of Western Ontario and McGill. They climaxed their 
season by capturing both the Central Ontario championship and 
the Ontario championship. For their outstanding contribution 
to the team, Kirby and Richard Brown received Distinction 
Awards, Kirby as Ontario champion. They were the latest to 
excel in a discipline that included many notable performers 
Frank Stone, Ontario junior champion in 1927, Vernon How- 
land, Ontario champion in 1935, Hadley Armstrong, junior 
Canadian champion in 1937, Hugh Welsford, Ontario champion 
in 1949, Ken Marshall, Quebec champion in 1951, Peter Phippen, 
junior Eastern Canadian champion in 1952, and Chris Davies, 
Ontario champion in 1958. 

Squash continued to play a leading role at the School and the 
Invitation Meet of 1963, arranged by the coach, Mr. Franklin, 
drew many well known Old Boy players including Colin Adair, 
Intercollegiate champion from McGill, the eventual winner; 
Rick Gaunt, Maritime champion, Tony Wells, Manitoba cham- 
pion; Malcolm Blincow, Quebec under 18 champion; and Bill 
Bowen, T.C.S. champion in 1962. George Wardman, the out- 
standing player on both the 1962 and the 1963 School team was 
awarded a Distinction Cap, a tribute to his leadership as captain 
as well as his record of winning both matches as No. i in L.B.F. 
competition two years in a row. Ernie Howard had first per- 
formed the feat in 1946. 

The cricket team of 1964 also had a memorable year, winning 
outright the Little Big Four championship for the first time 
since 1951. In his summary of the season's play, Mr. Corbett, the 
coach, paid particular tribute to the help of Eldon Zuill, an Old 


Boy and enthusiastic cricketer, who had returned to help with 
the coaching. The season was also notable for a victory over the 
Toronto Cricket Club for the first time since 1948. 

In the opening game against U.C.C., won by a score of 134 to 
76, captain Peter O'Brian and Tom Manning led the way to 
victory as they stayed in for an hour and a quarter, knocking up 
49 runs. The remaining batsmen ran the score up to 134 runs 
before the last wicket fell. Against St. Andrew's, the School ran 
into trouble as the first three T.C.S. batsmen were dismissed for 
only 12 runs. A fine stand by Con Harrington and a last wicket 
stand by John Nugent and Campbell Martin saved the situation, 
bringing the final score to a respectable 86 runs. The game 
seemed well in hand as the first four S.A.C. wickets fell for only 
9 runs. Then St. Andrew's made a firm stand with 20 minutes to 
go, needing only 13 runs to win. Harrington ended the suspense 
with a fine catch. 

Against Ridley three days later, Trinity won the toss and 
elected to bat first. O'Brian and Manning opened the batting. 
Two hours later O'Brian was still steadying his side as two 
wickets only had fallen for a total of 51 runs. Finally, Nugent and 
Martin, with the help of Gordon MacNab, brought the total to 
139 runs. With two hours to bat, Ridley steadily piled up the 
runs until, with fifteen minutes to go, they broke a hundred for 
5 wickets. Tension increased with every passing minute but when 
stumps were finally drawn, Ridley had been able to add only 
12 more runs to their total. With the match a draw, T.C.S. 
became holders of the cricket crown for the nineteenth time 
since the Little Big Four league was instituted in 1902. Nine 
championships had been won outright during this period. It 
was an auspicious omen for T.C.S. that in 1965, to begin their 
second hundred years' history, the School retained the champion- 
ship, though they had to share their laurels when the match with 
Ridley again ended in a draw. 

Centennial Year 

The centennial year was marked by a series of Old Boys' 
dinners and receptions in many of the major Canadian cities 


from the Atlantic to the Pacific as well as in New York and Lon- 
don, England. All of them were attended by the Headmaster and 
Mrs. Scott. The Kingston branch of the O.B.A. had announced 
the previous year the founding of an award to be known as the 
Kingston Medal. It was to be given to the Old Boy who con- 
tributes most to the School. Very appropriately, the honour of 
receiving the first medal was conferred upon Philip Ketchum 
and shortly before his death, he wrote to the committee express- 
ing his appreciation for the tribute paid him. 

From the point of view of the boys who play hockey, the major 
event of the year was undoubtedly the reopening of the Peter 
Campbell Memorial Rink. When it had been found structurally 
unsound in 1964, it was closed for several months. The old 
wooden structure gave way to a new steel framework, the sand 
floor was replaced by a concrete base, and a glassed in lounge was 
added to the north end. Participating in the opening ceremonies 
on January 16 were the Headmaster, W. W. Stratton, a mem- 
ber of the Board of Governors and a close personal friend 
of the late Peter Campbell, and Warren S. Raynor, representing 
the rink advisory committee as well as the town council. In the 
game that followed, Gordon MacNab's team demonstrated their 
satisfaction by defeating a very strong Old Boys' team by a score 
of 4-2. 

Beginning in Lent term, a number of imaginative and exciting 
projects were undertaken for the first time and were so success- 
fully concluded that it is likely they will become permanent 
features of the yearly programme. On January 16, eight Ontario 
schools arrived at T.C.S. to participate in a centennial Debating 
Tournament. At the conclusion of the final debate of the evening, 
the Hon. Mr. Justice Colin Gibson, chairman of a distinguished 
panel of judges, announced that honours were shared equally 
by the University of Toronto Schools and Havergal College, the 
only girls' school entered in the tournament. 

Early in March the School played host to 40 students from Le 
College Militaire Royal de St. Jean, competing with their visitors 
at hockey, basketball and debating. The most exciting contest 
was the 66-64 wi by C.M.R. over the T.C.S. Little Big Four 
basketball champions, captained by Will Hafner and coached 


by Mr. Heard. Their exceptional skill as a team had been most 
clearly demonstrated in their game with Upper Canada College 
from which they had emerged victors by a score of 108-56. The 
unique feature of the debate with C.M.R. was the bilingual 
presentation of the arguments and rebuttals in both French and 
English a practical demonstration of the unity that can be 
achieved in a bicultural society. Much of the stimulus to debat- 
ing in the centennial year was due to Mr. Lawson and the execu- 
tive of the Debating Society Roger Glassco, D'Arcy Martin, 
John Esdaile and Peter O'Brian. 

The Record also played a large part in the centennial pro- 
gramme and a special number, featuring a pictorial review of 
School life, was produced under the capable editorship of D'Arcy 
Martin. For the first time since the T.C.S. News began publica- 
tion under Mr. Kerr's direction, The Record was sent to all Old 
Boys to acquaint them more fully with the details of the daily 
life of the School. 

On the eve of Founder's Day, Osier Hall was the scene of the 
inaugural address of the Centennial Lectures delivered by 
Arnold Smith, one of Canada's most brilliant ambassadors. May 
i saw a great gathering on the campus to watch the Cadet Corps 
carry out their annual House Drill, and then to enjoy a mam- 
moth barbecue. In the midst of these events, a helicopter arrived 
to deposit the School's Founder, impersonated by the Head Pre- 
fect, D'Arcy Martin. He was re-enacting his part in 1865 and All 
That, a musicale produced in the latter part of March. This 
production was the third major contribution to T.C.S. dramatics 
in which Messrs. John Gordon, Tom Wilson, and Tony Prower 
combined their special talents. Major roles in the revue were 
taken by Charles Barrett, Michael Marshall, Robin Lind, John 
Ryrie, Jim Binch, Herb Kennedy, D'Arcy Martin, Bob Noble 
and Brad Stackhouse. The sets, designed by David Blackwood, 
the Art master, were particularly effective. 

On the evening of May i almost 800 Old Boys, parents and 
staff gathered in the Peter Campbell Memorial Rink for a centen- 
nial dinner and dance at which the guest of honour was Mrs. 
Carl W. Gath of Seattle, grand-daughter of the Founder. Gordon 
Fisher, President of the T.C.S. Association and genial host, intro- 


duced Mr. Karl E. Scott who proposed the health of the School 
in a speech that emphasized the major achievements of the past. 
Old friends who rarely had the opportunity to meet mingled in 
groups after the tables were cleared, exchanging reminiscences. 
It was the greatest gathering that had ever dined at the School. 
Among the messages of congratulation read by the Headmaster 
was one from Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth. 

To climax the week-end activities, special services were held 
in the Chapel the following morning. At the earlier of the two, 
the Most Rev. F. H. Wilkinson, Bishop of Toronto, dedicated 
the new pipe organ, an exciting two manual instrument that was 
the gift of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Burns. The second service saw 
the Chapel filled with Old Boys who took part in a very moving 
service at which the Rev. Canon C. J. S. Stuart, M.C. preached 
the sermon. As an Old Boy, Canon Stuart has been intimately 
associated with the development of the School for many years, 
and a member of the Board of Governors since 1948. At this 
service, too, the Most Rev. W. L. Wright, Bishop of Algoma, 
dedicated the painting of the sanctuary, the gift of the Ladies' 
Guilds of Toronto, Montreal and Port Hope. At both services, 
the choir gave a most impressive rendering of Mr. Prower's new 
anthem composed for the occasion. 

Then, on May 15, the annual inspection of the Cadet Corps 
was the occasion for the dedication of the Centennial Gates of 
which the wrought iron centre section came from the original 
site of Trinity College and was given by the College to mark one 
hundred years of close association. The gates were erected as a 
memorial to the late Norman Seagram by the members of his 
family. The day was made even more memorable by the presence 
of the Governor General, His Excellency Georges Vanier, who 
officiated at the ceremony. 

Later in the day, in his address following the Inspection, the 
Governor General emphasized the role that Trinity College 
School had played in the history of Canada. "As I examine the 
list of alumni," he said, "there are so many that it would be 
invidious to make a choice who have distinguished themselves 
in the Church, the army, medicine, diplomacy, the arts, the law, 


the business and academic worlds, I realize how much poorer 
this country would be without this College." 

On Speech Day the Headmaster could look back on a year that 
had been momentous, not so much for its achievements, though 
they had been substantial, but for an outpouring of enthusiastic 
participation that caught up hundreds of members of the T.C.S. 
family in its wake. And each of the three major functions of the 
spring term was blessed by benevolent skies that poured their 
sunny warmth upon a multitude of guests, adding to the festive 
air. In his remarks on Speech Day, Mr. Scott paid particular 
tribute to the outstanding leadership of D'Arcy Martin, the first 
Head Prefect since Frank Stone in 1927 to be honoured as Head 
Boy also, and to Gordon MacNab, assistant Head Prefect and 
first triple captain since Bob McDerment in 1952. The guest 
speaker for the day, Mr. Justice Roland A. Ritchie, an Old Boy, 
told the boys that their initiative and capacity for leadership 
would find unusual scope for service to the nation the next 40 
years. "It will," he said, "be an era of unprecedented develop- 
ment for Canada." 

The Summing Up 

The measure of a School's true achievement can be reckoned 
only in the lives of the men who have helped to shape its destiny. 
It is to be found in the sum total of the experiences shared by 
masters and boys in forwarding a common purpose the mould- 
ing of men of strong character. This proved eminently true of 
those who entered T.C.S. before 1900 and it still stands true 
today. Since the turn of the century, more than 60 Old Boys have 
become presidents, almost as many are vice-presidents, and over 
50 are general managers of industrial firms. It is no exaggeration 
to say that the lives of T.C.S. men are firmly woven into the 
strong web and woof of Canadian life. 

Among them, several have risen to high office in the judiciary: 
the Hon. Roland A. Ritchie ('2i-'26), Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Canada; Mr. Justice P. H. Gordon ('oo-'o2) of the 
Saskatchewan Court of Appeal, and Mr. Justice Meredith M. 
McFarlane ('23-'24), Judge of the Superior Court of British 


Columbia. The thirteen Old Boys in the Department of External 
Affairs number among them four ambassadors: Charles Ritchie 
('21-22), brother of Roland Ritchie, George L. Magann ('08-' 10), 
John K. Starnes ('3i-'35), and Christopher Eberts ('zG-'gg). Six 
Old Boys have been elected to Parliament in Canada or the 
United Kingdom, and several others have stood as candidates. 
George H. Hees ( > 22-'2 f j) became a Federal Cabinet Minister 
and Sir Edwin 'Ted' Leather ('3i-'37), three times elected a 
Member of the British House of Commons, now holds a prom- 
inent post in the British Conservative Party. Others have given 
much public service in their own communities including Frank 
P. Boyce ('<>5-'o7), Mayor of Kingston, George T. Fulford ('19- 
'20), honoured as "citizen of the year" by the city of Brockville, 
and Jack W. C. Langmuir ('35-'4o), four times mayor of Brock- 

Though there were few Old Boys at the outbreak of World 
War II who had made a career in the Armed Forces, more than 
180 awards for gallantry or distinguished service were made to 
men from Trinity College School, including the George Cross, 
for the first time awarded to a Canadian, J. M. S. Patton ('28-'32). 
Among those who achieved unusual distinction were General 
Sir Godfrey Rhodes ('oi-'o4), C.B., C.B.E., D.S.O.; General 
Sir E. O. Wheeler ('o3-'o7), K.C.B., M.C., Surveyor General of 
the British Army in India during World War II; Admiral P. W. 
Nelles ('o7-'o8), Commander of the Canadian Navy during 
World War II; and Group Captain P. G. St. G. O'Brian, O.B.E., 
D.F.C., whose wartime record led to his postwar appointment as 
A.D.C. to Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth. 

Almost 100 Old Boys have followed the profession of law, of 
whom at least three are judges in the lower courts. Some forty 
are engaged in the teaching profession of whom 18 are univer- 
sity professors. Four became Headmasters of Independent 
Schools. Charles M. Taylor ('46-'49) had the unusual honour 
of being appointed a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford. Ian 
Binnie ('53-'57) is the only Canadian to have been elected presi- 
dent of the Cambridge University Speakers' Union, an honour 
he shares with a former Headmaster, Dr. Rigby. 

On pages 9 and 47 are chronicled the distinctions of Old 


Boys who were at T.C.S. prior to 1900. It is obvious that their 
lives followed the more restricted pattern of opportunity then 
possible for the most part careers in the Church, law, medicine, 
business and the Army. The 2Oth century has seen a vast prolifer- 
ation of opportunity and a corresponding extension of the sphere 
of activities in which Old Boys are engaged. Increasing numbers 
are gaining distinction in the medical profession as revealed by 
a survey of their contributions to learned journals. A number 
have achieved prominence in the field of letters and journalism. 
Gordon Hill Grahame ('o2-'o5) became a popular novelist, and 
Harry L. Symons ('06-' 12) an outstanding Canadian humorist 
and the first Canadian to win the Leacock Medal for humour. 
Archbishop R. J. Renison ('86-'g2), in addition to his popular 
newspaper column and published religious writings, wrote an 
autobiography that has been widely quoted; Hugh Heaton ('05- 
'09) became a popular writer of children's books. Stephen L. 
Schofield ('3o-'32) has recently come into prominence by virtue 
of his book on World War II. 

In the closely allied field of journalism, Jim Vipond ('33-'35) 
has become a national figure as a sports writer and newspaper 
editor, and Charles P. B. Taylor ('46-'5i) has been inter- 
nationally acclaimed as a foreign correspondent. Peter Martin 
('45-'5i) , as director of the Readers' Club of Canada, has been 
making an important contribution to Canadian letters, and Tom 
Eadie ('57-'6o) has become editor of a university journal that is 
attracting outstanding contributors from across the country. In 
the field of communications, Peter Jennings ('49-'55) has be- 
come a familiar North American T.V. personality and Philip 
Stratford ('4o-'45) has not only enlivened radio and television 
broadcasting in Canada but has become an outstanding con- 
tributor to Canadian periodical writing. 

The arts, too, have attracted a number of Old Boys who have 
already achieved substantial success in a variety of related fields. 
Robert Whitehead ('2 7-' 34) has received numerous accolades 
over the past few years as a Broadway producer; George Crum 
('38-'42) is the director of the orchestra of the National Ballet 
of Canada, and in the field of popular music, Hagood Hardy 
('53-'55) is the leader of a well known dance band. The art world 


has been enriched by the work of Lawren Harris ('aG-'gg), Scott 
Medd ('24-'28) and David Partridge ('34-'38); and David Wevill 
('46-'52) has become well known as one of the younger English 
poets. In the world of sport, Victor S. Emery ('4g-'5i) in 1965 
was Captain of Canada's four-man bobsled team which won for 
the second year in a row the World Championship in Switzer- 
land. The T.C.S. family may well feel it has reason to take a 
vicarious pride in the many achievements of its sons. 

No better words can be found to conclude the story of the first 
hundred years than those of the Rev. Dr. Cosgrave. Speaking on 
the occasion of the 90th anniversary of the founding of the 
School, he said, "I hope that the tradition established here by 
faithful men in the days gone by will prove of great value to you. 
May you look back with gratitude and affection to the place 
where you learned some of the best lessons of all, and may you 
wish to have a part in maintaining it." 


The Junior School 

A Beginning 

A JUNIOR SCHOOL a separate group devoted to the edu- 
cation and development of younger boys was part of 
Dr. Orchard's plan to revitalize and build up the School 
when he took over in 1913. Indeed, in his selection of staff for his 
first faculty he concentrated on men who were experienced in the 
teaching of younger boys. A. St. John Furnival, an experienced 
teacher of both junior and senior grades, later to become Master- 
in-Charge of the Junior School, was an original appointee. So was 
C. Spencer, B.A. of Durham University, a master especially 
appointed to teach the younger boys. 

There was nothing new about the idea of a Junior School. It 
had been talked about for years. In Dr. Symond's era tentative 
plans had been discussed and discarded. A series of Junior 
Schools throughout the province run by the Anglican Church 
had been bruited but nothing had come of the idea. 

There had been juniors in the School since its inception in 
1865; they had been coddled by motherly matrons, dominated by 
moustached members of the First Teams, and taught by high- 
collared masters in formidable gowns who by and large had little 
interest in the junior section. There was one advantage the 
juniors brought to their parents youngsters under 13 years paid 
$50 less in fees. Smaller appetites were of some advantage even 
in 1915. 

Graham Orchard felt there were impelling reasons for the 
changes he had in mind. Lack of an organized junior section 



caused many T.C.S. Old Boys and potential T.C.S. parents to 
send their sons to one of a growing number of prep schools 
specializing in lower grade training. Furthermore, the senior 
boys in the School resented the restrictions made necessary by so 
many small boys in their midst. Then, too, the Headmaster saw 
in a Junior School, a source year after year of boys moving 
through T.C.S. 

In September 1914, L. C. Stanford, B.A. (Oxon.) , a specialist 
in preparatory school work, was appointed to the staff. There 
is no doubt that Dr. Orchard had discussed the establishment 
of a preparatory school section with Mr. Stanford, who later 
acquired the nickname 'Bulldog' a tribute to his tenacity which 
won him the respect of the staff. Then, on October 20, 1915, the 
Headmaster announced to his Governing Body the official open- 
ing of the new department. "The Junior School for boys under 
fifteen," he said, "came into being at the beginning of the Lent 
Term, with sixteen boys. A separate classroom, evening study, 
reading room and table at meals with separate dormitories at the 
south-east end of the building were given to them and I placed 
them in charge of Mr. Stanford who for years was Headmaster 
of Windlesham House School (England) founded by Dr. Arnold 
for Rugby. The good work done last year has borne excellent 
fruit and I hope, within a few years, to ask you to provide a 
separate building for them." 

The first sixteen boys are listed in the published Form List 
dated January 1915. The Upper Division included: C. S. Greaves, 
E. F. Blandford, C. G. Sutherland, D. W. Harper, W. H. B. 
Brydge, V. W. Bradburn, S. A. Gunyo, W. L. N. Hinds. In the 
Lower Division were: M. H. Baker, K. G. B. Ketchum, C. F. 
Haultain, E. W. C. Baldwin, C. O. Onslow, F. L. J. Grout, 
C. Wadsworth, G. W. Vivian. 

As there was no regular Speech Day in wartime June 1915, it 
was decided to award the prizes informally in the Speech Room 
on the last night of term. In the Upper Division of the Junior 
School, W. L. N. Hinds won the General Proficiency Prize and 
led his group in Mathematics, Latin, French and Canadian His- 
tory. D. W. Harper was the best in Writing. In the Lower 
Division, it was K. G. B. Ketchum with the General Proficiency, 


French and Writing Awards. E. W. C. Baldwin was the head 
mathematician. M. H. Baker led the field in Latin and Canadian 

No Time For Idleness 

The boys lived in the south-east section of the School in dormi- 
tories housing 5 or 6 youngsters. Masters' rooms separated them 
from the Senior School accommodation and they were not per- 
mitted to enter the Senior flats. A reading room was provided for 
them and a library set up for their benefit containing " a select 
list of books by standard authors". Despite this some lighter 
works crept in as a listing in 1916 indicates. Once the boys had 
leafed through The Vicar of Wakefield and A Legend of Mont- 
rose, they could turn to the gay happenings of The Fifth Form 
at St. Dominic's and A Journey To The Centre of the Earth. 

The sports programme was carefully laid down. Football, 
hockey and cricket were the important first teams. To be cap- 
tain of football was a high mark of honour. Matches were played 
with other schools, though there was a good deal of discussion 
over this. Some parents, certain Old Boys and one or two 
Governors thought Junior School teams should confine their 
activities to house leagues. Graham Orchard did not. Keenly 
interested in athletics, he saw the potential use of competitive 
sports in character building and strongly supported by Mr. 
Stanford, the inter-school matches were set up. 

The young school had its own football ground, outdoor rink 
and tennis court. Gymnastics, boxing and instruction in shoot- 
ing were done by Mr. Stirling, the school physical instructor. 
Stirling's gym periods were varied: he taught the boys wrestling 
and introduced basketball to the school. The youngsters took to 
his boxing lessons so eagerly that the widely hailed 'manly art' 
became a top sport. Indeed, in 1916 Dr. Orchard presented the 
Headmaster's Cup for Boxing and it became the first Challenge 
Cup of the Junior School. 

During the summer holidays of 1915 a Junior School cricket 
pitch was laid down. It was located on what is now the northern 
section of the main campus, just in front of the present Boulden 


House building. The pitch was the work of Arthur Grace. 
Assisted by Mr. Stanford, Grace made sure that the playing fields 
for the Junior School were in excellent shape for the 1915-16 
school year, for he became the Junior School's first cricket coach. 

The routine for the day was a spartan one made the more 
so by cold water morning ablutions and treks to unheated lava- 
tories not always conveniently located. The rising bell shrilled 
at 7.15 a.m. Half an hour later there was roll call and a rigorous 
inspection of dormitories; beds had to be made in the approved 
style, and there was the occasional investigation of dirty necks 
under Eton collars. Breakfast followed in five minutes with a 
solidly cooked porridge, bacon once a week, an egg sometimes 
on Saints' Days, lots of milk, tepid tea for cold weather, and 
plenty of School toast (an indigenous product known only to 
school boys), with jam of various colours and consistency. At 
8.40 it was chapel time and 8.55-10.55 was First School. 

A fifteen-minute break between 11 a.m. and 11.15 was filled 
in with Physical or Military Drill and 1 1.30 to 12.50 saw Second 
School take over. One o'clock was dinner time, the main meal 
of the day. Substantial joints and roasts were featured. The boys 
felt mutton appeared with startling regularity and more than 
once a chorus of baa's at a table heralded its arrival. But they 
had lots of fresh vegetables and potatoes from the school farm 
and in the autumn and winter the sometimes interminable con- 
tainers of cabbage and carrots those easily stored winter crops. 

Dinner was followed by a half hour rest and then games. After- 
noon school occupied the hours from 4.05-5.55. Following a big 
meal and exhausting football or hockey practice there was a cer- 
tain somnolence about these classes. Frequently the programme 
was changed so that advantage might be taken of available time 
at the covered rink or of a particularly pleasant afternoon. 

Tea was served at 6.05 p.m., followed by Chapel at 6.20. Then 
came an hour's evening study from 7.10-8.10 and 30 minutes of 
exercise in the gymnasium or in the covered rink that ended the 
twelve-hour day. At 9 o'clock the lights went out after the master 
on duty had admonished his charges about cleanliness, tidiness, 
and quietness in the dormitories. Talking was forbidden. 
Windows were opened so that boys could benefit from the fresh 


Lake Ontario air. These cool healthy breezes also dissuaded the 
more daring youths from dorm raids and nocturnal visits. It was 
a stratagem to ensure both health and discipline. 

During the day, the junior boys had little time to themselves. 
Possibly such minute organization was based on the Victorian 
theory that equated idleness with mischief. However, it satisfied 
the inherent conservatism in small boys that prefers a regulated 
and guided existence to the frustrations of free choice. Detailed 
though such a schedule may seem, it had a fluidity because of its 
very exactness. Unit changes in its arrangements could be 
made quickly without disrupting the general plans. It was this 
flexibility that made it a permanent feature of J.S. life. 

Academically, the first Junior School was divided into groups 
quite simply called Upper and Lower Division. Slightly less than 
one third of the teaching time available was devoted to English 
this included History, Geography and those early aoth century 
facets of language study Repetition, Copy, and English repro- 
duction. Latin and French made up the language section. For a 
brief time during the 19305 Greek was taught in the Junior 
School. Mathematics included arithmetic, geometry and algebra, 
with the lower part of the School concentrating on arithmetic. 
Divinity, the romantic name then applied to Religious Knowl- 
edge, was traditionally taught by the Headmaster until 1933. 

Manual training, now referred to as woodworking, was intro- 
duced by Dr. Orchard in 1916 when he fitted up one of the rooms 
in the covered rink with carpenter's benches and tools. This 
subject occupied a formal place in the timetable until the 19405 
when it became a hobby. 

For many years the content of courses taught in the Junior 
School was left to the judgment of the individual masters, who 
were guided by outlines provided by the provincial authorities. 
With the enlargement and revision of provincial curricula from 
1940 on, essential conformity with them formed the pattern of 
Junior School work. Smaller classes, convenient libraries, and 
supervised studies made possible the enrichment of all topics on 
the curriculum. The testing of the boys' work included the 
Tennis Examinations a delightful name for the tests given in 
the Spring. 


At the first annual prize giving on the last night of term, 1916, 
the Bishop of Toronto made the following presentations: Gen- 
eral Proficiency at Christmas 1915: Upper First, W. L. N. Hinds; 
Lower First, M. H. Baker; Second Form, M. C. Luke; Third 
Form, D. C. Mackintosh. General Proficiency, Midsummer 1916: 
Upper First, H. H. Ryall; Lower First, D. E. Cumberland; Lower 
Division, M. C. Luke; Second Form, A. S. McLorg; Third Form, 
D. C. Mackintosh. Enrolment totaled 28 boys. 

A separate Junior School Calendar was issued early in the 
1916-17 school year. L. C. Stanford was Master-in-Charge and the 
Rev. A. N. McEvoy is listed as his assistant. 

The first football team was organized and on October 18, 1915, 
the initial contest was played in Toronto. St. Andrew's rolled up 
an impressive 60-1 win. The write-up of the game in the first 
Junior School section of The Record says rather wistfully: "The 
School relied too much on bucking for so light a team." How- 
ever, the sting of defeat was soon alleviated as "many of our boys 
were able to spend the week-end in Toronto". There were 14 
players on the team in those days and the Junior School had a 
squad of 16. 

A game with Lakefield on October 27 resulted in an overtime 
loss 12-6 and a return game on November 6 was also lost. The 
boys barely made the train and the tea buns were munched as 
they chugged through the long November twilight back to Port 
Hope. Junior School First Fourteen Colours were awarded to 
D. W. Harper (Capt.), F. L. J. Grout (Vice-capt.), E. W. C. Bald- 
win, D. E. Cumberland, M. C. Luke, M. W. Cameron, G. B. 
Brown, G. R. Torney. 

School officers were appointed. Mr. Stanford believed strongly 
in giving boys the responsibility of leadership at an early age. 
Senior Monitor and Librarian was W. L. N. Hinds; Reading and 
Classroom monitors were D. W. Harper and F. L. J. Grout. As 
a section leader, Grout shared that task with E. W. C. Baldwin. 
While monitorial duties were confined basically to supervision 
of tidiness in dormitories and classrooms, they provided the 
beginning of training for leadership. 

The Gordon Magee Cup, presented by J. K. G. Magee in 
boxing, gymnastics and cross-country running at a Littleside 


level, was competed for only once by members of the Junior 
School on Thanksgiving Day, 1915. The Cup then reverted to 
the Senior School. Boxing and cross country run were worked 
off in the morning and in the evening the gymnastic competition 
was held. D. W. Harper was the over-all winner with a total of 
24 points 7 in boxing, 7 in cross country and 10 in gym. The 
runner-up was M. C. Luke with 15 points; he won the boxing. 
D. E. Cumberland was the winner of the cross country run. 

The first Junior School hockey team of the 1916 season played 
4 games, winning one and losing three. A mild winter made out- 
door practice impossible; class rearrangement made practices in 
the indoor rink possible. In home-and-home games Lakefield 
was successful twice. The Junior School scored a close 4-3 over- 
time victory over S.A.C. at Port Hope on February 28. D. W. 
Harper, high scoring rover, netted all T.C.S. goals. During the 
season he accounted for 10 of the 13 goals scored. A second 
team defeated Crescent House School 3-0. First team hockey 
colours were awarded to F. L. J. Grout (Capt.), D. W. Harper 
(Vice-capt.), D. E. Cumberland, C. O. Onslow, C. F. Haultain, 
M. Y. Cameron, and H. S. B. Smith. 

Colours were instituted for the Gym VIII that year and they 
were to rank with football, hockey and cricket as first team 
colours. The Gymnasium Competition was held on Shrove 
Tuesday, 1916. D. W. Harper won the competition, with D. E. 
Cumberland a close second. Gym VIII Colours were also awarded 
to K. G. B. Ketchum, F. L. J. Grout, G. R. Torney, M. C. Luke, 
C. O. Onslow and C. F. Haultain. 

The first Challenge Cup for heavyweight boxing (over 85 Ibs.) 
was presented to the Junior School by Dr. Orchard. F. L. J. Grout 
won the tournament with an exciting final win over D. E. 
Cumberland. Mr. Stirling, the gym instructor, took his coach- 
ing seriously and the boys benefited. 

A shooting competition another first for the Junior School 
in 1916 was somewhat less successful. Sixteen competitors had 
an average of 59. 13% . Bisley was a long way off. H. H. Ryall was 
the winner with 58 out of a 75 possible. 

Intellectual pursuits were also highly regarded. Over half the 


school entered the chess tournament from which C. F. Haultain 
emerged the winner. Mrs. Orchard provided the prize. 

Trinity Term, 1916, brought the cricket season and according 
to The Record continual rain left the field constantly under 
water. The writer observed with Punch-like humour "We are 
not sorry to hear that Ontario is to be 'dry' by Act of Parliament 
before next summer". 

Despite the weather, the cricket team flourished. Coached by 
Grace, they played three games. On June 2 they played and lost 
to Lakefield by a score of 36-26. Time was called before the 
second innings was completed. On June 1 1 , a disastrous first 
innings again ruined J.S. chances and S.A.C. were the winners 
61-32. A return match with Lakefield at Port Hope brought the 
Junior School cricketers their first win on June 14. After two 
complete innings, the score was J.S. 105, Lakefield 49. D. W. 
Harper was the best bat with 29 runs. First XI cricket Colours 
were awarded to D. W. Harper (Capt.), F. L. J. Grout (Vice- 
capt.), D. E. Cumberland, H. C. Cayley, H. St. J. Brock Smith, 
F. A. M. Smith, G. B. Brown, E. W. C. Baldwin, M. H. Baker, 
H. H. Ryall and A. S. McLorg. 

Thursday, June 15, saw the first annual Sports Day. Despite 
the rain, good times in the races were established and the field 
events went off well. D. E. Cumberland was the aggregate winner 
and the under 1 3 top man was A. McLorg. 

Speech Day 1916 brought to an end the first complete Junior 
School year. L. C. Stanford had achieved much the patterns 
were set up and the standards established. It was pointed out 
specifically in the Junior School Calendar issued during the 
school year 1915-16 that "although for the present housed in the 
same building, the Senior and Junior Schools are distinct organ- 
izations in regard to work and athletics". Though Mr. Stanford 
was anxious to see a completely independent Junior School, an 
advisory committee of the Governing Body rejected this sug- 
gestion early in 1917, but recommended that the Headmaster 
investigate the possibility of a separate establishment. 

Under Mr. Stanford's direction an oratorio was first given in 
the Chapel when the Junior School choir and the Senior School 
performed the first part of Handel's Messiah during the Michael- 


mas term and Mendelssohn's 'Hymn of Praise' in the Lent term. 
In Holy Week of the next year the Passion and Easter music from 
the Messiah was performed. As choir master, Mr. Stanford early 
established the high quality of Junior School choral music. An 
accomplished musician organist, pianist and oboe player, on 
more than one occasion he sang tenor in oratorio leads when out- 
of-town soloists were delayed. 

A Challenge Cup for Athletic Sports was presented by Mrs. 
L. H. Clarke in 1917. The Cup was donated in memory of Lionel 
Esmonde Clarke ('09-' 11), Lieutenant in the 4th Canadian 
Mounted Rifles who was killed during the Battle of the Somme in 
1916. H. H. Ryall became the first winner of the Esmonde Clarke 
Cup. Five open events were to be used 100 yards and kilometre 
race, long and high jumps and the cricket ball throw. The scoring 
system was 5 for a win, 3 for a second and i for a third. 

W. H. Morse came on the staff in 1917. He was to remain with 
the School, with a four year interregnum, until 1943. He was the 
first of several Junior School masters to establish a unique con- 
tinuity of service. 

An open November brought an addition to the sports pro- 
gramme. The Junior School was divided into three Houses under 
the supervision of Mr. Stanford, Mr. McEvoy and Mr. Morse. In 
each House teams were formed and association football was 
played as a House tournament for the first time. "It was," said 
The Record, "a sudden change from the ancient and honourable 
game of rugby, and even to the end we could not rid ourselves 
of the idea that the ball must not be stopped by the hands." 

The severe winter of 1918 was a boon to the outside rinks but 
the war shortage of coal resulted in the rink and gymnasium 
furnaces being shut down. Carpentry, shooting, boxing and 
gymnastic work were abandoned during the Lent term. 

The 1917-18 year was a banner one for the Junior School as 
enrolment in January 1918 soared to 46 boys. In three years en- 
rolment had nearly tripled. A peak had been reached. There was 
no further room to expand. In April 1918 Dr. Orchard submitted 
to the Governing Body the following administrative proposals 
which they approved: 


1. That the Junior School be a separate unit of the School as 
regards domestic and teaching arrangements, with separ- 
ate equipment except Chapel, Gymnasium, Covered Rink, 
and possibly for a time Playing Fields. 

2. That the Master-in-Charge be appointed by the Head- 
master, and be responsible as a Housemaster to him. 

3. That the Master-in-Charge appoint and dismiss the Domes- 
tic Staff, and recommend to the Headmaster the appoint- 
ment or dismissal of the masters of the Junior School staff. 

4. That the Master-in-Charge have independent control of the 
domestic arrangements. 

5. That the Headmaster after consultation with the Master-in- 
Charge arrange the details of curriculum in accordance with 
the general policy of the School. 

6. That the finances be under the control of the Headmaster 
and a statement thereof be presented by him to the Govern- 
ing Body. 

Mr. Stanford strongly objected to the final proposal and with- 
out advising the Headmaster decided to look elsewhere for a post. 
He had achieved much with the Junior School during the first 
three years of its existence. His building up and maintaining a 
separate junior section within the general framework of the 
School established a pattern for relationships between the Head- 
master and the Master-in-Charge of the Junior School. There 
had been founded a successful rapport between the two that 
future Headmasters would modify but slightly over the next 
fifty years. 

A War Memorial 

At half past eleven on November 11, 1918, the Headmaster 
read his armistice announcement to the whole School assembled 
in the gymnasium. "We all sang the National Anthem and gave 
three cheers for the King, for Marshal Foch and for the Allies." 
Dr. Orchard pronounced the Blessing and dismissed the School. 
The Cadet Corps paraded in town during the afternoon. Hi jinks 


by some unruly spirits during the night were abruptly suppressed. 
The war was over. It was time to rebuild. 

A general meeting of the O.B.A. on January 3, 1918, in 
Toronto, approved a resolution "to collect a fund to erect a 
building for a Junior School as a memorial to those Old Boys 
of the School who have given their lives for their country in the 
Great War." At every opportunity in speaking to various groups 
and in discussion with members of the Governing Body, Dr. 
Orchard spoke of the necessity for a separate Junior School. On 
December 16, 1918, Frank Darling submitted his plans for a new 
Junior School to the executive committee of the Old Boys' Asso- 

Finally, on January 7, 1919, one of the largest and most enthu- 
siastic O.B.A gatherings in years was held in the Club Room of 
the Board of Trade in Toronto. It was a gala evening marked 
by the presence of many men still in uniform. A brief address was 
given by Honorary Major R. J. Renison, future Bishop of 
Moosonee, who had just returned from France. Ontario was dry 
but provision had been made for nostalgic toasts. They gathered 
around the piano, sang war songs in memoried sadness, and with 
the warm comradeship of brothers in arms, drank their toasts to 
the School. 

The idea of a Junior School as a memorial to the fallen was 
greeted with unanimous approval. A committee was appointed 
to plan the campaign for funds. It was a gratifying night for Dr. 
Orchard and A. St. John Furnival, B.A. Oxon., Master-in-Charge 
of the Junior School, as they listened to the excited planning of 
the Old Boys for what was up to that time their greatest project. 

Five long years of fund raising and financial difficulties lay 
ahead before the Junior School was to open its doors in 1924. 
Almost immediately after the war, the Canadian economy 
suffered a set back. A brief depression caused by readjustments 
from a war basis into peacetime pursuits was aggravated by a 
surplus of labour as men returned from the wars and women 
proved reluctant to return to the kitchen. Confidence in the 
country's economy was further ruffled by a nationwide series of 
strikes caused by inflation and general discontent over wage 
scales. These troubles culminated in the Winnipeg General 


Strike of 1919. Such conditions were not conducive to successful 
fund raising. 

By mid 1920, the economy had recovered. The great primary 
industries, led by pulp and paper, wheat and mining, soared 
ahead. A new industrialism based on the automobile boom was 
expanding. The manufacture of capital equipment became a 
major investment of the Canadian economy. The Roaring 
Twenties were about to make themselves heard. 

Towards the end of 1920 and in January 1921, Dr. Orchard 
went on a tour of the western cities on behalf of the Memorial 
Fund. He reported on his return that Old Boys were everywhere 
alive with interest and a direct appeal would certainly meet with 
a worthy response. 

In April 1923, excavation for the foundation began. In October 
1924 Dr. Orchard proudly reported to the Governing Body that 
the School was finished. 


A. St. J. Furnival, B.A. (Oxon.), 
Master-in-Charge, 1918-1924 

A. St. J. Furnival, a Repton Old Boy, came to the Junior School 
as master-in-charge in Michaelmas term, 1918. He had been an 
experienced teacher of primary grades at Branksome School, 
Godalming, England. His first term was marred by an outbreak 
of roseola it couldn't be called German measles then and 
Spanish influenza. Sports activity with other schools was banned. 
'Speed' Furnival, as he became known to the boys, an ardent 
soccer player, introduced an association football league based on 
a six-man team. 'Soccer sixes', frequently played in the covered 
rink on bad days, became an accepted part of the sports pro- 

The long mild winter of 1919 continued to limit outdoor 
sports. However, Mrs. Furnival, a talented amateur actress, intro- 
duced guided 'entertainments' to the School. It was a beginning 
of the long series of Junior School 'productions of theatrical 


quality'. The first performance on February 22, 1919, was a 
variety show with recitations, readings, songs, piano solos and 
'conjuring tricks' by J. H. Evans. The next performance moved 
into the field of Shakespearean drama with the famous Mark 
Antony speech from Julius Caesar, rendered by G. B. L. Smith. 
J. G. Cassels, said The Record, "made a very tolerable success of 
the somewhat thankless part of Brutus". 

It was during this term that the Fred Martin Memorial Prizes 
were presented to the Junior School by F. J. Martin ('87-'93) . 
Eight prizes were to be awarded annually, four in Divinity, and 
one each for Nature Study, Music, Art and Carpentry. The first 
of these awards were presented on Speech Day, 1919: Divinity 
D. MacCaul, D. C. Mackintosh, R. Orchard, A. E. Glassco; 
Nature Study E. Morse; Music B. H. A. Cruickshank; Draw- 
ing and Painting H. Evans; Carpentry S. Osier. 

Drawing classes by Mrs. Furnival were conducted that year 
and the Junior School Art Exhibit during the Trinity Term 
became a feature of Inspection and Speech Days. Its "picture 
gallery" sometimes provided caricatures of the masters much to 
the boys' amusement. 

Gardening became another pleasant hobby and the Trinity 
Gardens were earnestly looked after by the junior boys. Com- 
petitions were held between the various classrooms in grow- 
ing flowers. No. 74 was a good grower. Early on in this new 
endeavour, annuals were abandoned. The boys did not intend 
to coddle flowers that would not bloom until July. Trinity Term 
dinners usually had table decorations of suitably coloured tulips 
provided by the young exponents of the green thumb. For some 
years a gardening prize was given on Speech Day. W. E. Burns 
was the first winner in 1921. 

The 24th of May was invariably a holiday. In 1920 the Junior 
School made it just a little different and turned it into an excur- 
sion to Rice Lake. "Two band waggons were hired and the whole 
School managed somehow to pile in." It was a long, hot trip. 
The cool lake, a sandwich lunch and lemonade beckoned at the 
end. On their way home, the songs started off gaily and loudly 
but as the spring shadows lengthened, the voices grew faint as 
one by one the boys fell asleep. It was a trip to remember. 


Increased enrolment 52 at Michaelmas 1920 necessitated 
each of the three forms being divided into Upper and Lower 

The first Junior School General Knowledge exam conducted 
on December 4, 1920, brought forth the usual delightful answers: 

"A dud is a person who dresses in loud things." 
"Punch is called the London Caviar." 
"Trotsky is the world's fastest runner." 

There was something grimly prophetic in that last statement. 
Not all the answers were as flippant. J. H. Evans scored 95% 
on the paper. 

A Challenge Cup for Reading was presented to the Junior 
School in February 1921. E. S. Read ('82-'86) , President of the 
Manitoba Old Boys' Association, visited the School that month 
and presented the Cup which was to be awarded to the best 
reader in the School. G. S. Cartwright was awarded the Prize on 
Speech Day. 

Another major presentation of that year was the establishment 
of the Hamilton Bronze Medal. This medal, presented by Miss 
Vera Martin, was in memory of the Rev. Harold F. Hamilton 
('89-' 94) , who died in 1919. A distinguished theologian whose 
book The People of God remains a standard work in the Angli- 
can Church, his T.C.S. career had been most successful. He was 
Head Boy in 1893 and 1894, winning the Chancellor's Prize for 
Classics in both those years and the Governor General's Medal 
for Mathematics and the Bronze Medal in his last year. The 
Junior School award was to be made on the basis of qualities of 
Christian citizenship, inspiration to others, leadership and schol- 
astic ability. These standards were used to assure that its winner 
made an 'all round' contribution to the life of the School. Points 
were awarded for scholarship, team Colours, membership in the 
choir and other school activities. T. E. Nichols became the first 
Hamilton Bronze winner in the Junior School. In this same year 
Nichols won also the F. A. Bethune Scholarship and Entrance 
Exhibition to the Senior School. 

A determined effort to add to the library was made in 1921 
but donors were cautioned by Mr. Furnival who had positive 


opinions on literature. "We do not require either the cheap 
trash from American sources of which we have too much already 
or the modern unwholesome English school novel." Fourteen 
volumes of Ballantyne came in and Rider Haggard's She among 
many other volumes. 

A new hockey technique was employed by the Junior School 
hockey team in a game with U.C.C. on March 11, 1922. The 
Toronto surface was bad four inches of slush-coated ice. Captain 
J. G. King took appropriate measures. "Abandoning all attempts 
at passing, the team formed up in a line behind the man in 
possession to take the puck along when he lost it in the slush. 
This may not have been good hockey but it saved the game 
final score 2 all." The flying wedge of football, it seemed, had 
other uses. 

Michaelmas Term of 1922 was to begin Mr. Furnival's last 
complete session at T.C.S. It was a banner year for sports. Led 
by S. D. Lazier, the Junior School's first triple captain, the foot- 
ball team won 5 out of 6 games for a total of 200 points. This 
record was to stand until 1963 when the Boulden House team 
of that year, led by captain Ian Taylor, scored 226 points and 
won 5 out of 6 games. 

The hockey team was undefeated and the cricket team demol- 
ished its opponents and featured a 129-48 win over S.A.C. The 
team was coached by Mr. H. G. James whose cricket elevens were 
to remain unbeaten until 1926. Along with Hugh Ketchum, he 
was also active in promoting Scout packs which were introduced 
to the Junior School during this year. Four patrols of eight boys 
were formed. Lazier won the Esmonde Clarke Cup that year 
and the Chess Trophy. 

During the winter of 1923, Mr. Furnival suffered a severe 
attack of influenza. He returned to England during the summer 
but his health would not permit his return in September. Fur- 
ther ill health and correspondence with Dr. Orchard concerning 
his future position in the new Junior School resulted in his resig- 
nation in April 1924. In May, The Record announced that the 
Headmaster had appointed the Rev. C. H. Boulden as House- 
master of the Junior School to take up his duties at the beginning 
of the Trinity Term. "As master-in-charge of the Middle School 


for three years and a member of the School staff for nearly eleven 
years, he begins his important and difficult work with an initial 


Housemaster The Rev. C. H. Boulden (1924-1932) 

The wartime padre and schoolmaster now had his new prepara- 
tory school. As he entered the main Norman arched doors he 
could read the inscription of dedication to the 121 Old Boys 
who fell in the Great War: 

To the glory of God 


To the memory of those 
Educated at the school 
Who died in the Great War 
On the field of battle 
Or from wounds or sickness 

Some in early youth 
Some full of years and honours 

But who all alike 
Gave their lives to their country 

This house was erected 
By their old school fellows and friends 
In token of sorrow for their loss 
And of pride in their valour 

In full assurance 
That the remembrance of their heroism 

In life and death 
Will inspire their successors 
With the same courage 
And self-devotion. 

Early in August as he prepared for the beginning of term, he 
would see it many times and remember those boys whom he had 
met in France and would never see again. He would remember 
it poignantly once again in another war in many of the same 






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Laying of the Cornerstone of the New Chapel 

October 22, 1950 
Bishop Broughall, Mr. G. B. Strathy, and Bishop Renison 

Examine the Silver Trowel 

(In the cornerstone is a copper box in which Mr. Strathy placed copies 
of daily papers, a copy of T.C.S. at War, coins, a School calendar, Form 
lists, and the current issue of The Record) 

The Dedication of the New Chapel, October 21, 1951 

Lord and Lady Alexander Examine the Book of Remembrance 
as Dr. Ketchum and Canon Lawrence Look On 

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Opening of the Peter Campbell Memorial Rink 

February 18, 1950 

The Headmaster, Col. J. W. Langmuir, C. George McCullagh, W. W. Stratton, 
Mayor Moore of Port Hope 

Family Reunion on Inspection Day, 1956 

Stuart Wotherspoon ('24- '29), Gordon Wotherspoon ( F 19-'26), 
Brigadier Ian Cumberland ('16-'23), Dick Wotherspoon ('25-'31) 


The 1950 Team 

I. B. Bruce, B. W. Little, P. G. C. Ketchum, P. C. Landry, Esq. 
C. P. R. L. Slater, A. O. Aitken, G. M. Luxton (Capt.). 


The 1952 Team 

J. G. B. Strathy, N. M. Seagram (Capt.), P. A. Greey, P. C. Landry, Esq. 
A. J. Lafleur, D. W. Luxton. 

L.B.F. Squash Champions 

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Hamelot, Boulden House 

Extravaganza, 1961 

Boxing Tournament 


Kitchen and Staff in Dr. Bethune's Time 

Kitchen and Staff, 1955 

'A school marches on its stomach' 

IV -() 

A Gathering of the Seagrams during the Old Boys' Week-end, 1954 

R. G. Seagram ('49- '56), N. M. Seagram ('46- '52), J. W. Seagram ('18-'25), 
Norman Seagram ('90- '93), N.O. Seagram ('20- '26), R.D.Seagram ('26-'34), 
J. D. Seagram ('48-'54). 

The Swimming Team, 1951 
First T.C.S. Little Big Four Champions 

Back: T. D. Wilding, C. A. Woolley, J. E. Emery, A. B. Hodgetts, Esq. 
Front: C. H. Church, P. G. Phippen, C. N. A. Butterfield, P. S. Hunt, 

J. R. M. Gordon, R. T. C. Humphreys. 
Absent: R. T. Cooper (Capt.), N. Cooper. 

IV- 10 

Little Big Four Swimming Champions, 1957 

Back: E. J. D. Ketchum, A. G. Shorto, P. R. E. Levedag, W. M. Warner, 
I. Robertson, T. D. Higgins, W. A. C. Southern, W. T. Whitehead, 
H. S. D. Paisley, R. M. Osier, J. E. Day, A. B. Hodgetts, Esq. 

Front: A. B. Lash, M. I. G. C. Dowie, S. A. H. Saunders, R. A. Armstrong, 
W. R. Porritt (Capt.), R. T. Newland, R. S. Bannerman, G. W. Davis. 

Triumphant Departure 

S/L S. J. Batt Retired in June 1959 

IV- 11 

The Squash Team, 1955 L.B.F. Champions 

P. C. Landry, Esq., H. M. Scott, J. R. Blaikie, A. D. Massey (Capt.), 

D. I. Goodman (Vice-capt.), D. A. Drummond. 

IV- 12 

^, Grandsons, and Great-Grandsons of Old Boys 
in the Junior School, 1951 

Hack: P. N. Clarke, J. B. W. Cumberland, D. S. Osier, J. C. Cape, W. A. H. 

Hyland, A. W. B. Osier, J. R. A. Merry, J. A. C. Ketchum. 
Middle: A. S. Wotherspoon, J. M. Cundill, G. B. O. Richardson, J. R. 

Blaikie, R. G. Seagram, F. K. Cassels, P. C. A. E. Jennings. 
Front: A. R. Winnett, C. K. Dillane, D. M. Price, J. A. Price, R. H. deS. 

Wotherspoon, P. L. Gordon, W. T. Whitehead, D. E. Cape. 

Speech Day 

The Staff, 1956 

Standing: J. W. Taylor, J. D. Macleod, E. C. Cayley, J. K. White, P. C. Landry, 
J. G. N. Gordon, J. E. Dcning, A. B. Hodgetts, W. K. Molson, J. Brown, 
Canon C. G. Lawrence, J. D. Burns, R. N. Dempster, G. M. C. Dale, J. A. M. 
Prower, D. W. Morris, P. R. Bishop, A. C. Scott. 

Sitting: A. J. R. Dennys, D. H. Armstrong, E. Cohu, P. H. Lewis, Dr. P. A. C. 
Ketchum, A. H. Humble, S. J. Batt, Mrs. Cecil Moore, T. W. Lawson. 

Absent: A. D. Corbett, Mrs. T. D. McGaw, C. J. Tottenham. 

iv- 13 

School Life 

iv- 14 

School Life 

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The Rev. C. H. Boulden recorded in his school diary: "The 
Housemaster slept in the building on the night of Friday, Sep- 
tember 5th, and the first staff meal was served in the building on 
September nth at i p.m." 

The staff included W. H. Morse, H. G. James, P. A. C. 
Ketchum, H. C. Cayley and Lady Assistant Miss Bertha Symonds. 
The Nurse Matron was Miss Ethel Smith. Twenty-two years 
later, Dr. Ketchum, once assistant master, announced that the 
Junior School was to be re-named in honour of Howard Boulden. 

"The new name," he said, "is taken as a tribute to the first 
Housemaster of the Junior School, in the building completed 
in 1924. Canon C. H. Boulden, M.B.E., M.A. As a boy I remem- 
ber how delighted we were to be in his classes, or to sit at his 
table. He thrilled us by playing all the games with the boys. For 
fourteen years he was a master at T.C.S. and for nearly ten years 
the much beloved Housemaster of the Junior School. All T.C.S. 
people are proud and happy to think that such an important 
department of our School is to bear his name." 

Canon Boulden, who was ill at the time, replied by letter to 
Dr. Ketchum: 

"Of course I am still a bit overwhelmed at the naming of the 
Old Junior School and am at a bit of a loss to express my feelings 
about it. But I am conscious of having been greatly honoured 
and there is nothing so calculated to put a man in his place as 
being honoured." 

The usual hitches in final construction an incompleted 
drainage system in this instance delayed the beginning of the 
Michaelmas term in the new Junior School from September 10 
to September 15. An 8.30 p.m. roll call of boys on that first 
Monday evening brought 56 answers out of a listing of 60. There 
were 41 Old Boys listed. 

The appearance of the new building did not go unnoticed in 
the local newspaper. The Port Hope Times reported that it was 
the finest building in the United Counties of Northumberland 
and Durham. "The three storey building," continued the article, 
"is built in early Elizabethan Gothic, in fact it is a replica of 
Kenilworth Castle, England. Its clean lines and attractive frame- 
work of Credit Valley rubble stone, the chiseled Gothic entrances 


and the Benedict stone trim, the stone mullioned rose windows 
in the library and proposed main entrance, the carved stone coat 
of arms, all blend into a building that has qualities of style and 

Thanksgiving Week-End was selected for the dedication and 
formal opening. On Sunday, November 9, the War Memorial 
Dedication Service was held at Evensong. Special music, par- 
ticularly Geoffrey Shaw's arrangement of 'O Brother Man' was 
sung by the Choir. The Archbishop of Algoma preached the 
sermon to one of the largest congregations the School had ever 

On Monday morning a short service was held. It was a bright 
autumn day. The School hymn 'Blest Are The Pure in Heart' 
and Blake's immortal 'Jerusalem' rang out from the Chapel into 
the clear November air. The Headmaster read the Honour Roll. 
In stately procession the entire school marched across the campus. 
The grey stone of the Junior School gleamed in the sunlight, a 
purple haze hung smokily over the low eastern hills. The Junior 
School, dressed in Eton suits and collars, processed first, followed 
by the rest of the School, the masters, the choir, the clergy and the 
visitors. At the new building, the boys of the School formed two 
lines and the clergy moved towards the entrance. His Grace 
Archbishop Thorneloe, assisted by His Lordship Bishop Sweeny 
of Toronto, blessed the building. The door was symbolically un- 
locked. The Junior School was officially open. 

There were six halcyon years for the Rev. C. H. Boulden as 
attendance in the Junior School soared. It was the best of all 
possible worlds a new school and increasing enrolment from 
the anticipated 76 in 1925-26 to a bulging 84 in 1929. The pros- 
perity bandwagon of the middle 19205 went rolling on. Then 
suddenly stocks nosedived and the depression was on. It was no 
longer the best of all possible worlds. 

From 84 students in 1929 enrolment slipped rapidly to 59 for 
1930-31, with 8 drop-outs during the year. Michaelmas term 
1932 opened dismally with only 28 on the roll call. The halcyon 
days were over. 

Howard Boulden, an experienced administrator, moved surely 
and certainly to get the Junior School in top operational order. 


In his diary his detailed instructions are given minutely duties 
of the 'Master on Duty' before breakfast, after breakfast, Chapel 
duty, on 'Break', on afternoon duty. 

Sunday duty was slightly different it included that most 
vilified of all exercises 'the afternoon walk'. The instructions 
included the following admonitions "take a long distance call- 
over at some point in the walk," "see that all boys keep within a 
reasonable distance." 

Forty years later, a modified version of the walk still takes 
place. Transistor radios blaring out the latest pop craze or 
detailing the one yard stand of a favourite football team fre- 
quently make the master wonder what a reasonable distance 
measures in decibel count. But in the past, walks had variety 
to the west the trek to Monkey Mountain. "Always in two's, 
boys, through the town!" It was not quite a "crocodile" but 
very close to it. Then freedom almost as soon as the cedar-cov- 
ered hill known as Monkey Mountain was reached. First of all a 
call-over was taken and then "Stay within sound of my whistle". 
The master relaxed while the boys explored the land. A stream 
ran through the valley below the hill and there were minnows, 
frogs and crayfish to be brought back for nature study or dorm 
trophies of the chase. 

To the north and east there was the old dam, Choate's Wood 
and the famous Iron Bridge. At the dam the trout were some- 
times jumping in the Spring; patient fishermen voiced their 
resentment when a volley of rocks splashing into the water 
heralded the arrival of the Junior School and the departure of 
the fish. 

Masses of trillium filled Choate's Wood and the bright blood- 
wort too. Here poison ivy grew and any J.S.'er ignored at his 
peril the master's caution to avoid the three-leaved menace. 
There were brackets of fungi to be collected and the round puff- 
balls a gift guaranteed to please any member of the staff. 

The walk along the railway right-of-way to the Iron Bridge 
was a never-failing source of treasure trove. To begin with, it 
was a favourite spot for garter snakes always essential for any 
boy's collection railway spikes railway flares a bull's eye 
lantern that was a real find. In the misty autumn afternoons 


there came the warning whistle of the Peterborough Cannon- 
ball, a determined little train that puffed along valiantly in a 
two-hour trip to Peterborough. Upper and Lower Gage's Creek 
afforded other pleasant journeys, the latter always through a 
cornfield and over a sheep pasture, pursued by the Baskerville 
baying of a local farmer's bear hounds. Adventuresome masters 
dedicated to walking would sometimes stride quickly to Lower 
Gage's and then lead their charges under No. 2 Highway bridge 
into pasture marshland and down to the lake. Even if the beach 
shale was covered with noisome fish, it was always a treat to skip 
stones in the water. And on the way down, there were suckers to 
spear or smelt to scoop out with bare hands. 

And now Monkey Mountain is dominated by a split level 
suburbia; 401 vaults over the road to Choate's Wood; the Iron 
Bridge and the railway are no more, and the way to Upper Gage's 
is dominated by a sprawling new hospital and a brightly painted 
chemical plant. Lower Gage's is the only sanctuary left. Junior 
School boys of the early 19205 still remember nostalgically 
Davidson Ketchum's expeditions to the Iron Bridge and other 
favorite swimming-holes when his battered Ford Car 'Maggie' 
operated a hard-working shuttle service. 

Once class divisions were organized, 'weekly orders' or marks 
were compiled every week. They were read out in the dining 
hall. The student with the highest total was rewarded with a 

The boys were divided into two Houses for competition in 
various sports activities, Bethune and Rigby. In agreeing to the 
division, Dr. Bethune wrote whimsically: "I trust that in their 
contests the boys will not come to think that there is any anta- 
gonism between the two ex-Headmasters!" The two Houses 
retained their names until Michaelmas 1933 when Bethune 
House became Orchard House in tribute to Dr. Orchard who 
had retired that year. 

House Cups were not long in coming. A special 'Football 
Evening' on December 8, complete with supper and entertain- 
ment (a ventriloquist amused the boys) saw the presentation 
of the House Football Cup. The donor was anonymous. Dr. 
Rigby presented the trophy to D. Cassels, Bethune House Cap- 


tain. Cassels had captained the Junior School Rugby team to a 
fine win and one loss season. Major E. Hetherington presented 
a House Cup for Hockey in 1921 which Rigby won. It was the 
first win in the House Cup events for Rigby. The House Cricket 
Cup was presented in honour of the late Dr. Rigby in 1935 and 
it was fitting that Rigby House should win the trophy that year. 

In sports the teams had their fair share of victories during the 
period from 1924-1932. A. W. McGinnis was captain of an un- 
beaten hockey team in 193 1 in an abridged season of three games. 
During the cricket seasons from 1925 to 1930 and excluding 
1929 when a scarlet fever epidemic cancelled the season, the 
Junior School Cricket XI in seventeen matches lost only two 
games. Three unbeaten seasons were captained by T. F. H. Roper 
in 1925; J. A. Irvine in 1927; and W. M. Crossen in 1928. H. G. 
James, who was to continue his successful teaching and coaching 
at the Junior School until 1946, guided cricket destinies for many 
years. He also coached football, soccer and hockey with marked 
success. Cricket enthusiasm reached such a high pitch that a small 
cricket pavilion was built for the Junior School in 1927. Weather- 
ing sadly during the years when the building was closed, it 
became a catch-all for storage and was finally pulled down in the 

Gymnastics was a popular sport and almost from the begin- 
ning it had been a first team colour. Under 'Sammy' Batt it 
became a demonstration of excellence. W. H. Morse, long time 
master in the Junior School, was a superb gymnast and in his 
seventies could easily perform a straight-arm stand on the foot 
rail of an iron dormitory bed. 'Daddy' Morse, as he was affec- 
tionately called, kept his eagle eye on Junior School gymnasts 
as judge and helper for 23 years. Competitions for the gym eight 
were held every year, usually in December. Displays at Hart 
House, Toronto, and in Montreal always featured the Junior 
School boys in their rhythmical club swinging, tableau work, 
and that most wonderfully titled exercise for the youngest mem- 
bersBrain Stimulating Games. 

Lawn tennis and later clay court tennis was a yearly Trinity 
Term tournament and the Fred Smye Challenge Cup for Tennis 
was presented in 1930. J. V. Kerrigan became the first winner. 


Music and dramatics became an integral part of the School 
life. With dedicated musicians and choir masters such as David- 
son Ketchum, W. S. Cruickshank, S. S. Horsley, A. B. Sly and 
Edmund Cohu, musical progress was remarkable. Regular sing- 
ing periods with sea chanties, folk songs and contemporary tunes 
were in full progress by 1924. Choir music for special services 
featured Bach's Christmas Oratorios and Handel's Messiah 
works formidable in preparation and beautiful in execution. 
Sing-songs were a regular feature of entertainment and they had 
many of the characteristics of present day 'hootenannys'. The 
Junior School were equally at home with 'It Was A Lover And 
His Lass' and the virile 'Rio Grande' or nostalgic 'Shenandoah'. 
Indeed, the programme of a musical evening in 1926 featured a 
variety that would be hard to equal 'The Mermaid', a sea song 
an 'Old Royalist Song' (Cheers for the cavaliers!) and a jazz 
selection featuring the Hewlett brothers. 

The first carol service with its present basic format of read- 
ings interspersed with carols was heard in 1926. The Junior 
School choristers were featured in 'Sing We Noel' and 'Wen- 
ceslas'. It was the beginning of the Carol Service at T.C.S. The 
following year, Edmund Cohu trained the choir for the service 
and has continued to do so until the present. 

Miss Gertrude Petry was mainly responsible for the interest 
and enjoyment of dramatics. Witty, charming and knowledge- 
able in the ways of the theatre, she directed a successful produc- 
tion of Sheridan's Rivals. In 1926, she directed the Junior School 
in two scenes from The Merchant of Venice, with a cast that 
included J. N. Carhartt, W. M. Crossen, C. Francis, Z. R. B. Lash, 
M. A. Mickle and T. P. Moss. The successes were repeated in 
following years with The Taming of the Shrew and A Christmas 
Carol. In 1929 the Junior School Dramatic Club was formed and 
planned to produce The Workhouse Ward unfortunately 
scarlet fever interfered with this saga of the 18905. However, the 
summer of 1930 saw an outdoor production of Robin Hood and 
Lincoln Green heroes flitted through the darker green firs beside 
the Junior School. 

Literary life was not neglected and in 1927-28 a Debating 
Society was formed. The Rev. C. H. Boulden and F. Willcox 


were presidents, with C. K. Dawe, vice-president, and G. W. 
Field, secretary. Having discussed the pros and cons of corporal 
punishment and Empire ties in previous debates, the committee 
chose to debate the Darwinian Theory for the Lent term meet- 
ing. A year previously the famous Scopes trial and Darrow 
defence over the teaching of evolution had been headlined in 
every newspaper. The debate went on, followed by the House- 
master's observation that the debaters were ill-informed on the 
subject. The Bethune team won. 

Literary contributions for The Record became a new occur- 
rence. Shortly after Dr. Petry's death in 1927, an unknown 
Junior School boy wrote a poetic tribute to him, but the 1929 
issue saw the first prose selections published. W. K. Molson 
produced an amusing piece of dialogue entitled 'A Conversation 
between a Skunk and Cat'. A suspense story was supplied by 
J. T. S. McConnell with his "Haunted House Gauntry Hall". 

The teaching day consisted of eight periods, each class lasting 
about 45 minutes. The five morning classes were interspersed 
with a fifteen minute break for cocoa and biscuits. The last 
class ended at 3.45. Evening study occupied the boys every night 
except Saturday. Wednesdays and Saturdays were half-holidays 
and during the cricket season beginning after the 24th of May, 
Monday became a 'cricket half. Basically, the teaching covered 
the provincial course of study with additions like French and 
Latin at a primary stage and some Greek. There seems to have 
been a great concentration on literary English. Arithmetic was 
emphasized. Geography and science, with the exception of nature 
study, were given little time. 

The boys enjoyed all the current fads. They built and flew 
kites, littered the floors with marbles, and built neat pencil 
boxes in the Carpentry Club. At home they had crystal radio 
sets and boasted at school of the number of stations they could 
get in addition to C.F.C.A. They had their sports heroes Ruth, 
Dempsey, Tunney, and closer to home Percy Williams and the 
Varsity Grads. They were film fans, too, and the Kodascope and 
the local theatre provided them with such movies as 'The Cov- 
ered Wagon' the first of many sagas of the drive westward and 
'The Passing of the Third Floor Back' an early experiment in 


provocative film making. Despite the lure of the West, however, 
their real hero was Rin Tin Tin and knowledge of this film series 
at the local Capital always brought unsubtle hints for a movie 
leave. Yet as the grey thirties moved in upon the scene, frustrat- 
ing uncertainty pervaded the atmosphere. The Record expressed 
the fears of 1932 in an editorial: "What the future holds no one 
knows. But each man is the master of his own fate. The spirit of 
every individual makes the school what it is." 

First there had been the disastrous fire of 1928, then the de- 
pression. The Headmaster had worked unceasingly between 
Woodstock and Port Hope to keep the School going. His con- 
fidence and determination were remarkable. By 1932, school 
enrolment was still over 50 but the prospect for the Junior School 
in the next year was grim. Only 4 new applications had been 

As a further blow, the Rev. C. H. Boulden had accepted an 
appointment as Headmaster of Lake Lodge, Grimsby. Two men 
who had worked together for nearly twenty years were separat- 
ing. It was the end of an era. In August, Dr. Orchard wrote to 
Howard Boulden: "The School here cannot be the same place 
without you and we shall all miss you more than we can say. 
Words fail me to say how deeply I appreciate all that you have 
done for the School and for me personally. Our relations have 
been among the happiest I have had in my time at Port Hope." 

Howard Boulden's contribution had been a great one few 
men have had such dual success as priest and schoolmaster. In 
later years when he returned to Port Hope he became a weekly 
and most welcome visitor to the Junior School Common Room 
where he had spent so much time in, as he put it, "the old days". 
It was said of him that no man spoke against him and his own 
voice was never raised in malice against another. He was Boulden 
the well beloved. 



W. M. Ogle Housemaster 1932-1935 
Struggle for Survival 

The future of the Junior School in the summer of 1932 looked 
depressing. In three years the enrolment had dropped 75%. The 
long range effects of the Depression had settled in. Dr. Orchard, 
worn out with the arduous task of rebuilding the new Senior 
School and supervising the Junior School from Woodstock, was 
ailing. Staff complaints and dissatisfaction had resulted in com- 
muniques to the Governing Body. The Rev. C. H. Boulden's 
move to Lake Lodge had lost for Dr. Orchard his most ardent 
supporter. It was by no means the most propitious time for a new 
Housemaster in the Junior School. The man who accepted such 
a challenge with optimistic determination was W. M. Ogle. 
Appointed to the staff in 1923 and Director of Studies for 1930- 
31, he had left to teach at R.M.C. in 1931-32. Always fond of 
teaching younger boys, he readily accepted Dr. Orchard's offer 
of the Junior School Housemastership in 1932. His decision 
enabled Dr. Orchard to persuade the Governing Body to keep 
the Junior School open for at least another year. 

A graduate of Glasgow University and an association football 
player who had played with Queen's Park, the doughty Scot with 
the lowland burr he never lost was a hard-working schoolmaster. 
He was to face the depths of the depression with hopes that 
were never realized. In the dust deserts of Saskatchewan the 
wheat farmers would speak of 'next year country', in the golden 
industrial east the schoolmaster would speak of 'next year's en- 
rolment'. Ogle wished impatiently for the 'happy days' to come 
again. But the figures of enrolment never came up to his ex- 
pectation 1933 28; 1934 37; 1935 23. At the time of the 
appointment of Philip Ketchum as Headmaster in 1933, it was 
decided that the Junior School building must be closed and the 
boys transferred to Trinity House. Only major economies could 
save the School itself. 

Despite the small number in the Junior School in the autumn 


of 1932, Ogle set about his task with his noted energy. Fewer 
pupils brought increased individual attention and the boys 
profited from it. During the Spring terms, Mr. Eric Morse insti- 
tuted special nature study hikes and frequently took the forms 
out on hour long safaris in the school truck to gather specimens 
for their classes. 

Sports Day was run off in conjunction with the Senior School 
events. A gym demonstration in Montreal in 1933 saw something 
new attempted by the Junior School. They performed the 
Flamborough Sword Dance. A report in the Gazette called it "a 
keen display". 

Despite the efforts of J. E. Cutten, the Junior School's second 
triple captain, the 1932-33 first teams produced few wins. In 1933, 
Mr. Ogle dropped rugby, giving the small enrolment as a reason, 
and brought in his beloved association football. The team was 
most effective and, captained successively by R. Eraser, P. C. 
Landry and E. C. Cayley, it won every game but one over a three 
season period and that one the only game in which goals were 
scored against the Junior School. 

It was during this time that the Junior School began its long 
and pleasant games relationship with Ridley. The two Junior 
Schools played their first game on November 18, 1933, at Ridley. 
Despite the bad weather, it was a week-end to remember for the 
Junior School. To Toronto first and then a movie 'Henry VIII', 
featuring Charles Laughton's lusty interpretation of Good King 
Hal. Then lunch at Childs and the long trip to St. Catharines. 
Tea the annual concert singing 'To Ridley To Ridley'. Bed 
and a good deal of chatter but morning did come soon and there 
was the i-o victory and a happy drive back to the Junior School. 
It was the first of many pleasant encounters with the Ridley 
Lower School. 

There was another first, too a competitive swimming meet 
with S.A.C. The Aurora Saints were triumphant but the com- 
petition engendered much interest in the sport. 

The bleak winter of 1933 had many high points. The Bethune 
House division of the Junior School was changed to Orchard as 
a tribute to a great Headmaster. Dramatically, the School en- 
joyed a performance of Hamlet featuring Professor Wilson 


Knight's Hart House Players. The Junior School had front seats 
and were duly impressed. But it was much more fun putting on 
their own play "Why The Chimes Rang" for two performances 
at St. Mark's Parish Hall on Mill St., now used as quarters by the 
Sea Cadets. Directed by Miss Symonds, it was to be her farewell 
appearance. She left for England in January 1934. The prin- 
cipal actors were Andrew Fleming as Holger, David Hughes- 
Hallett as Steen, Ross Robertson as Bertel and Jack Vipond as 
the Old Dame. There were good houses for both performances 
and the admission went to "the poor people of the parish". The 
Carol Service collections were likewise labelled for the poor. 
Helping others was essential to the times. 

By 1935 Ogle's personal friend and Senior Master of the 
School, 'Sam' Geldard, had left. The situation was showing little 
improvement and Ogle had given it three long years. He sent 
in his resignation. He and Geldard planned to open a tutorial 
school in Montreal. He had done his best. 


R. F. Yates Housemaster, 1935-1940; Principal, 1940-1941 
The Road Back 

There was an air of confidence in Philip Ketchum's Speech Day 
address in June 1935 it was the second year of his regime and 
he could justly say "We have had a very successful year, in some 
ways an outstanding year". With the Senior School on the march 
again, the Headmaster turned to the Junior School. It was quite 
a challenge. Closed for three years, the grey stone building stood 
lonely at the north of the campus. For the past few years the 
enrolment had been below 30. Shortly after Mr. Ogle's resigna- 
tion in January 1935, Philip Ketchum appointed Mr. Ralph 
Yates as Housemaster. He had graduated from Trinity in 1931 
and took a post as assistant master at Lake Lodge School where 
he remained for two years. He came to T.C.S. with the new 
Headmaster in 1933 on the very high recommendation of 


Howard Boulden and proved to be one of his most able 

Mr. Yates was born in Preston, Ontario, and after graduating 
from Gait Collegiate he entered Trinity College, Toronto, in 
1927, where as President of the Trinity Athletic Association, 
captain of the football team and Trinity College representative 
to the Students' Administrative Council and Hall Committee 
of Hart House, his enthusiasm, initiative and industry contri- 
buted much to the success of student body activities. Energetic, 
hard-working and affable, Ralph Yates seemed to Philip 
Ketchum to be the right man to re-open and revitalize the 
Junior School. The new Housemaster was soon to acquire an 
even greater asset. In his Speech Day address in 1935, the Head- 
master explained: "Mr. Yates has already succeeded in making 
the first and most important appointment to his staff, and those 
of you who have had the pleasure of meeting the future Mrs. Yates 
know what an exceedingly happy appointment it is. I am hoping 
sincerely that we may be able to give them the wedding present 
they would like better than any other, the re-opening of the 
Junior School building." 

The Headmaster kept his promise. September 1935 saw the 
Junior School building re-opened for the new Housemaster. It 
was a brief episode. A chill October caused it to be closed again. 
Stringent economies precluded the heating of the building. 
Nevertheless, the gesture had been made and such confidence 
augured well for the future. 

To increase the enrolment in the Junior School, Philip 
Ketchum instituted a new Memorial Scholarship to the value of 
$500 a year to be retained for two years in the Junior School. 
But only 5 new boys were entered for Michaelmas Term 1934 
and total enrolment stood at an all time low of 23 students. 
Further action was needed and the first step was taken in Oc- 
tober 1935 when he persuaded the Board of Governors to make 
a bold decision and re-open the Junior School for the Lent Term 
of 1936. It was tacitly understood that it might be closed again 
if the arrangement proved economically unsound. One night 
during the late winter months a pipe in one of the dormitory 
bathrooms burst. The water flooded out and soon froze. On a 


nightly tour of inspection it was the Headmaster and House- 
master Yates who shovelled out the ice and stopped the flood 
from spreading. 

Additional practical steps were taken a new brochure pic- 
turing and describing the Junior School was distributed and the 
yearly fees were reduced from $750 to $600. By September 1936 
the signs were encouraging. Twenty New Boys were entered for 
the Junior School. 

The great gamble had worked, the first battle had been won, 
and new successes in the enrolment struggle were achieved every 
year. In October 1937 there were 48 entries for the Junior School 
double the number of June 1936. The polio outbreak of that 
year brought about the further separation of the schools and the 
Junior School dining-room and kitchen went into operation. 
The re-opening of the Junior School was completed. 

The following year saw the establishing of Junior Entrance 
Memorial Scholarships, founded in memory of T.C.S. boys killed 
in the Great War. Two scholarships were available of the value 
of $400 and $200 a year for two years. 

By 1940 Junior School enrolment was 56 more than double 
what it had been when Mr. Yates took over in 1935. In recogni- 
tion of his success, Ralph Yates was made 'Principal' of the 
Junior School. He had done a fine job and when he left the 
School in June 1941, the enrolment stood at 62 nearly triple 
the number of that bleak Michaelmas Term in 1935. 

During his years as head of the Junior School, Mr. Yates was 
to endorse heartily and carry out with his own additions and 
modifications the purpose of a Junior School as outlined by the 
Headmaster in an article published by Saturday Night on August 

"The purpose of founding Junior Schools as separate units of 
the larger boarding schools was to give a better opportunity to 
instil in youngsters during their most impressionable years good 
habits of thought and work, and a general appreciation of the 
ideals of community life, so that when they entered the Senior 
School the superstructure of matriculation gothic could be safely 
raised without the necessity of having to dig or re-lay the founda- 


To promote these aims, Mr. Yates gave certain responsibilities 
and appointed boys to various offices. They were in effect school 
officials. They supervised such activities as hobbies and indoor 
games carpentry; model aeroplane building; photography; 
billiards; and table tennis. They looked after the library; ran 
errands of mercy for the nurse; turned off the lights for the 
master on duty and informed budding musicians of their prac- 
tice times. They collected equipment after games and in the 
early 19405 a head gardener emerged to direct his fellows in the 
art of horticulture. 

Encouraging this group to accept duties and responsibilities 
was an excellent formula for character development. Rewards 
given for these services were few. The idea of a job well done 
was to be considered as important. They were given a separate 
reading room and occasionally later lights. To be a member 
of C Dorm was to become an achievement in the Junior School. 

Merit and perseverance were rewarded by the inauguration 
of what was called 'distinction day'. On the unanimous vote of 
the staff such a day was granted to a boy a dormitory or a class- 
room, as a reward for special improvement over a period of time 
in work or jobs assigned to them. A 'distinction day' might well 
mean a half-holiday or a special privilege visit to Tuck, down- 
town leave some tangible reminder for good work. It was an 
innovation and eagerly sought after by the boys. 

Diversity of experience is sometimes difficult to arrange in a 
boarding school but there was a broadening of activities in the 
Junior School in the middle thirties. Visiting artists varied the 
diet of academic predictability not always too successfully. A 
reader of selections from Shakespeare, Dickens and Milne might 
be greeted with lukewarm applause and the shrugged reaction, 
"Well, it's better than study, I guess." Men like Wilson Mac- 
Donald, Grey Owl, and Canada's distinguished pianist and con- 
ductor, Reginald Stewart, brought new awareness of the arts. 
To instruct them in pain ting and drawing came the distinguished 
Canadian artist and teacher, Carl Schaefer, in 1936. He was to 
conduct his classes at T.C.S. until 1940 when he accepted a post- 
ing that was to make him one of Canada's official war artists. 

Field trips to factories and visits to the Royal Ontario Museum 


were a part of the Junior School programme, and a Ridley foot- 
ball week-end included a jaunt to Niagara Falls as well as a stop- 
over in Toronto to view the Garrison Parade. In 1936 an excited 
Junior School visited the town to see the Port Hope flood and 
the main street choked with ice as the Ganaraska rampaged 
through the streets. The river had made a novel contribution 
to the boys' lore quite different from the traditional Friday fish 
duly named 'Ganaraska Bass'. 

Clubs flourished in carpentry, puppets, and stamp collecting, 
the latter hobby carefully guided by Miss E. M. Smith who had 
come to the Junior School as Matron in 1924. In 1936 she moved 
to the Senior School in the same capacity and left T.C.S. in 1945 
after 2 1 years of faithful service. Gruff of voice, direct in manner, 
she was a philatelist of renown and many a J.S.'er was grateful 
in later years for her 'traders' and her guidance in this most 
rewarding hobby. 

Athletics received an additional impetus during these years as 
skiing and inter-school swimming competitions were added to 
the programme. Football was restored in 1935 and the boys 
awaited the Ridley game with all the excitement of earlier years. 
Syd Lambert was captain of the 1938 cricket team which won all 
five of its matches for an unbeaten record. And during the 1940- 
4 1 school year, Ernie Howard was to become the Junior School 
third triple captain. 

A most successful presentation of Raymond Card's one act 
play General Wolfe was produced in April 1939 at St. Mark's 
Parish Hall. Plotted around the final days of Wolfe and his cap- 
ture of Quebec, the play is a stirring one. The Junior School 
actors included David Hume as Major Isaac Barre"; Charles 
Campbell as Major-General James Wolfe, David Russell as 
Francois; Ted Parker, a seaman; Peter Britton, the Hon. George 
Townsend; Ian Davidson, Major Joannes; George Crum, a sea- 
man; George Layne, prompter and property man. "When the 
curtain fell," reported The Record, "many of the large audience 
felt that they had indeed been carried back to the days of Sep- 
tember 1759, so fateful for Canada." 

During 1940 Mr. Yates decided to leave the teaching profes- 
sion and enter the business world. Dr. Ketchum regretfully 


announced his resignation on Speech Day 1941. "For the past 
six years he has been head of the Junior School and by the skill 
with which he has acquitted himself he has shown himself to be 
a schoolmaster of no ordinary accomplishments." In 1957 T.C.S. 
warmly welcomed him back to the teaching profession as a mem- 
ber of the Senior School staff. 


C. J. Tottenham 1941, Housemaster of the Junior School; 
1943, Principal of the Junior School and later Boulden House 

Twenty-eight Years On 

In his Speech Day address in 1962, Dr. Ketchum paid tribute to 
the work of Charles Tottenham who had completed his twenty- 
fifth year at T.C.S. "It is difficult to imagine T.C.S. without 
him," Dr. Ketchum said. "I appointed him Housemaster of the 
Junior School in 1941 and Principal in 1943. How well he has 
carried on in that capacity every parent of a Boulden House boy, 
every Boulden House boy past and present, and all of us on the 
staff know full well. 

"He and his wife make a charming team and they have com- 
pletely devoted themselves to the welfare of our most important 
Junior Department, Boulden House. Charles has a way with the 
boys which is quite delightfully informal yet he always has their 
respect and affection and he gets the best out of them." 

The man who has guided the destiny of the Junior School and 
Boulden House for nearly twenty-five years was born in Binsted, 
Hampshire. Educated at St. Cuthbert's School, Malvern and 
Kingsland Grange, Shrewsbury, all of his secondary education 
was taken at the College de Geneve and the International School 
of Geneva in Switzerland. Moving to Kingston in the 19308, 
Mr. Tottenham graduated from Queen's University and was 
appointed French instructor and assistant to the Librarian at 
R.M.C. Here he worked under W. R. P. Bridger, a former T.C.S. 
master. For two years Charles Tottenham taught in the Junior 


School. In 1939, a modern language fellowship beckoned from 
Cornell but the war disrupted his plans. For the year 1939-40 
he taught French, English and Latin to the 3rd and 5th Forms 
in the Senior School and coached Littleside hockey and cricket 
teams. In appointing him Housemaster of the Junior School in 
1941, Dr. Ketchum considered him to be "just the man to direct 
the life of the Junior School". 

A traditionalist by birth and upbringing, Charles Tottenham 
maintained a stability of routine that appealed to the innate 
conservatism of most youngsters. Not opposed to change but 
opposed to change for change's sake, he was to modify and inno- 
vate as the entry age of students attending the Junior School in- 
creased. Bounds were broadened, town visits inaugurated, movie 
permission extended and half-holiday and Sunday country leave 
started. Constant modifications of administrative arrangements, 
athletic programmes and academic endeavours took place. It may 
have been a slow revolution; it was a constant one. 

His judgment of boys particularly in their potential for im- 
provementwas almost unerring. Never sentimental in his 
evaluation of character, his critical appraisal was invaluable to 
the Headmaster and members of the Senior School staff as his 
boys moved on through the School. This judgment, too, enabled 
him to build up a loyal and devoted staff that has been a con- 
stant group in the Junior School. Indeed, the total years of 
service to Boulden House 119 years, represented by E. Cohu, 
J. D. Burns, D. W. Morris, A. J. R. Dennys and Mrs. C. Moore 
is unique among Canadian preparatory schools. 

One special factor contributed to the early success of the 
Tottenham period. He had the good fortune to have on his staff 
W. H. Morse and H. G. James who had each contributed 24 years 
of service to the Junior School. In 1941 'Daddy' Morse returned 
at Mr. Tottenham's request from his brief voluntary retirement 
in 1939 and remained on the Junior School staff for the next two 
years. Teacher of geography and English, skilled pianist and 
musician, gymnast and tennis player extraordinary, master 
carpenter and craftsman, Wilton Morse's long years with the 
School were those of positive contribution. A strict discipli- 
narian with an intuitive knowledge of boys, he served the School 


well. On his final retirement, the Headmaster said of him: "He 
will never retire from the minds of the many hundreds of boys 
who knew him affectionately as 'Daddy Morse' and held him in 
wholesome respect." 

In 1946, H. G. James retired after 24 years at the Junior 
School. A man of multiple talents and a first class mathematician, 
'Jimmy' James had made a deep impression on the many boys 
he had taught by his wide and varied knowledge and his unfail- 
ing consistency in dealing with their faults. They respected and 
admired him for his absolute fairness, and complete understand- 
ing of their daily problems. Few of them would ever forget the 
varied and useful information he gave them in those wonderful 
periods when they managed to divert him from the subject under 
discussion. He inspired such a love of cricket that even the most 
ardent baseball enthusiasts enjoyed the game. In fact his record 
as a cricket coach was unique. In a six-year period from 1923- 
1928 inclusive his team lost only one match and for five of those 
six years the Junior School team was unbeaten. The captains 
were Steven Lazier (1923), Bert Winnett (1924); Tom Roper 
(1925); James Irvine (1927); and Bill Crossen (1928). Two more 
undefeated teams were coached by Mr. James. In 1938, the 
Junior School XI won five matches led by Syd Lambert and the 
year before James retired, he had the satisfaction of seeing Nigel 
Thompson captain another Junior School team to an unbeaten 
series during the 1945 season. Seven unbeaten teams in cricket 
was an unusual achievement. 

For the new members of the staff, James' suggestions based on 
wide experience provided timely and kindly advice on how to 
avoid the pitfalls that awaited the novice teacher. When he left, 
The Record summed up his credo succinctly: "He had his prin- 
ciples and nothing could shake them; schoolmastering was a 
public service, a duty which demanded one's best efforts." 

Into the 1940s 

The 19405 were problem years years of major tragedy and great 
sorrow. Plans made by Dr. Ketchum in conjunction with the 
Headmasters' Association of British Schools to keep T.C.S. open 


all year to accommodate U.K. students ended tragically when the 
German torpedoing of a ship carrying hundreds of evacuated 
young school children caused the British Government to stop 
further attempts to send youngsters out of Britain. Of those 
already in Canada, the Junior School was to look after its full 
quota. One of the first summer tasks carried out by Charles 
Tottenham was the programming and direction of a two-week 
summer session for 30 English boys from Toronto and Montreal. 
For many of these boys it was the first time they had been out 
of the city since they had left their war-beleaguered homes. 

There were comic incidents in the midst of the deeper tragedy. 
After a first team trip the boys had the great reward of eating 
in a restaurant and being able to choose and order from a long 
menu. One boy's eye caught the magnificent word STEAK. "I'll 
have that miss please." And he sat back and waited. His friends 
at the table waited too. There was another word he hadn't 
noticed the qualifying word in front of STEAK. It read 

It was always a good idea to chat with the New Boys par- 
ticularly the first night they arrived. 

"Where are you from, young man?" 

"Washington, now, sir." 

"Lovely city. Father with the British forces there, I suppose." 

"No sir we think he's still in Singapore." And quite suddenly 
the chat was over. 

The Junior School Record chronicled the times in verse: 

Musso's Lament 

Oh where, oh where, have my little ships gone? 

Oh where, oh where, can they be? 

Have the shells run short? 

And the bullets all gone? 

Or are they down under the sea? 

On May 29, 1943, Vice- Admiral P. W. Nelles, Chief of Staff, 
R.C.N. saw a familiar face among the small boys. 
"Hello. Where is your father, my boy?" 
"I cannot say, sir." 


Standing at attention, Captain James' son upheld the tradi- 
tions of the service. 

The classes went on and the students went on and the great 
deeds were chronicled in the history of man. They remembered 
the words: "Let us, therefore, brace ourselves to our duty and so 
bear ourselves that if the British Commonwealth and Empire 
lasts for a thousand years men will still say 'This was their finest 

Despite the wartime restrictions, the Junior School athletic 
programme underwent considerable expansion during this 
period. The Gym Eight was revived and the Howard Boulden 
Cup for the best gymnast was presented to the School. John 
Whitfield, an English boy, was its first winner in 1943. In the 
last year of the decade the Junior School team held inter-house 
gym competitions and inaugurated a series of inter-school meets 
by winning against S.A.C. in 1950. 

In 1944 the Paterson Cup, a major athletic award, was pre- 
sented to the Junior School by Mrs. Donald Paterson of London, 
England. Her four sons, Hugh, Norman, Christopher and Blair 
were keen athletes with an excellent spirit of good sportsmanship 
which they brought to whatever game they were playing. For this 
reason it was decided to award the Paterson Cup each year for 
All-round Athletics and Good Sportsmanship. Don Deverall was 
the first winner. 

Other major athletic awards were established in 1947. Dr. 
R. McDerment presented the Captain's Cup. The first winners 
were E. M. Hoffman and Chris Ketchum who had led an un- 
defeated cricket team. In 1948 it was won by Bob McDerment, 
the Junior School's fourth triple captain. McDerment, along 
with Ken Wright, had captained the hockey team in defeating 
all Little Big Four competition that year. 

An Inter-house swimming meet was held for the first time and 
a swimming trophy was presented by Mrs. C. Moore. In a series 
of events that included a Pajama Race and five different diving 
classes, Orchard House emerged the winner. The Housemaster's 
Cup for the best swimmer went to Peter Martin. 

The odd years 1945, 1947, 1949 saw undefeated cricket 
teams. They were captained by Nigel Thompson, Chris Ketchum 


and John R. M. Gordon and coached by H. G. James, J. Barber 
and D. W. Morris. They marked the beginning of Mr. Dennis 
Morris' successful coaching of the cricket team which resulted 
in an unbeaten season in 1956 when the team was led by Peter 
Wurtele, a triple captain. Once again, in 1964, there were no 
losses in Little Big Four games as Michael Fyshe captained the 

Soccer teams achieved triumphs in 1945 when Charles Panet 
led his Junior School eleven to an unbeaten season and in 1948 
Charles Merston repeated the feat. 

There was variety for the boys skating for glassy miles on 
Rice Lake and then pushing back desperately against the wind 
to watch a junior master demonstrate how to shoot a puck and 
watching him lift the black rubber swiftly and accurately 
through the front windshield of his new car. 

The first Christmas Dinner was held in the Junior School hall 
in 1944 with all the glitter and good smells of turkey and trim- 
mings and the candlelight procession by the choir. Then after- 
wards a movie bed and holidays on the next day. 

It was the time of changing fashions. The Eton collar, the 
short vested jacket, the striped Sunday trousers, knee length 
grey flannel shorts, breeches that never quite stayed underneath 
those knee socks, all these were to vanish. The sports jacket and 
the flannel longs became the fashion. The time of childhood 
clothes seemed to shorten as the world ushered in the atomic age. 

Distinguished visitors came to the Junior School H.R.H. 
Princess Alice to visit her grandson, Richard Abel Smith; 
Viscount Bennett to see his nephew, William Herridge; Lord 
Montagu to talk with his son, Roderick. 

There were entertainments to act in in 1946 General Stan- 
ley's wards in The Pirates of Penzance were vividly done by the 
Junior School boys. And the beginnings of Christmas shows that 
varied from The Merchant of Venice to Brothers In Arms; from 
'Dick Whittington and His Cat' to a chorus line swinging the 
'Varsity Drag'. 

Reflecting the new emphasis on education imposed by the 
growing tensions between East and West, classes in the Junior 
School became more concentrated; half-holidays, once held with 


Christian abandon on all Saints' Days, became very special 
occasions; supervised study time was increased; courses were 
correlated; extra vacation time was given for honour grading, 
and a special remedial reading laboratory was developed under 
the early supervision of Dr. Kitty Spencer, and later of Mrs. 
Marion Garland. It became fashionable to study and the results 
proved it. Six major scholarships were won by Junior School 
boys entering the Senior School in the 19405 and these boys, 
Arthur Millward, Peter Williamson, Michael Wright, Peter 
Macklem, Peter Martin and Rodney Anderson were to maintain 
and add to their scholastic achievements. 

The Fifties And On 

Among the important events of the year, in the opinion of any 
J.S. boy, were the picnics. One held in October or late September 
cheered up the New Boys and inspired them to demonstrate 
their northern lore learned at camp and cottage. But it was the 
spring picnic that frequently brought most pleasure. For years 
it had been held at a rustic retreat known as Sylvan Glen. Then 
an irate farmer had his cows stampeded and treated the boys 
responsible to a lesson in Anglo-Saxon adjectives their grammar 
text omitted. After this episode the picnic area moved to Mount 
Eyrie, a farm owned by Mrs. Moore's sister. Here the picnickers 
left the cattle alone on pain of eight quarters. Few boys have 
captured the spirit of these picnics as did Neville Wallis in his 
Record article in 1960. Called 'Picnic Time', it chronicles the 
event with wry humour: 

"Zero hour was 1 1.30 a.m. on Friday, May 27, and the Boulden 
House boys went to the Chapel where they were addressed by 
the Most Reverend H. H. Clark, D.D., Primate of All Canada. 
After this spiritual reassurance they raced back to School to find 
blankets, old clothes, and firecrackers. It was Picnic Day. 

"After a short bus journey, some of them unloaded the food 
while the rest went scrambling up the hill beside the river to find 
a reasonably secure campsite. The fireplace built, a delegate from 
each party was sent down to see if food, kindling and frying pans 
were being distributed. At the cry 'Come and get it!' a horde of 


excited boys rushed to get as many lunch bags as possible and the 
less important matches and wood with which to cook it. 

"Bacon, pork sausages, and hot-dog buns cooked over a blaz- 
ing campfire and washed down with pop, produced an unusually 
satisfying meal. The ice-cream was still to come. When the 
hamper had been opened, there materialized a line of boys as 
if by magic trying various ways and means of getting 'seconds'. 
Fortunately, most of them failed; otherwise they would surely 
have exploded. 

"Immediately after the meal was over, some innocent-looking 
boys with seraphic smiles on their faces came and nonchalantly 
dropped four-inch cannon-crackers. It's a marvellous way of 
disintegrating a fire. These misdemeanors were taken in good 
spirit by master and boy alike. Only a few produced an eruption 
of righteous indignation. 

"After a swim by some of the boys, the buses rolled in about 
2.30. The remnants were loaded into them and a thin trickle of 
reluctant boys embarked. At three o'clock the first bus started 
towards the School on the Hill. The only point, small though it 
was, that provided any anxiety during the day was that the First 
Aid box was on the front of the bus when it departed. It was lost. 

"A little later the second bus left, full of replete and happy 
boys. When it arrived in front of Boulden House, we were 
informed that Sports Day events would be run off. A groan went 
up from the boys who, I am sure, only wanted to sleep off the 
effects of a very full day." 

Football achieved new highs in the Junior School and Boulden 
House in the 19505 and later. In 1953, E. C. Cayley and C. J. 
Tottenham coached an undefeated team captained by Tony 
Lash and David Marett. Fifteen members of this group played 
on the famous championship Senior School team of 1957. On the 
night of their final victory, the boys sent a wire to their former 
coach, E. C. Cayley, at his new school in Holderness, Mass. The 
J. S.'ers remembered. In 1957, Boulden House was again unde- 
feated and this squad was led by Chris Humble and Brian Magee. 
It was coached by A. Kingman, Jr. and C. J. Tottenham. Racking 
up 226 points in one season to establish a scoring record for 
Junior School teams was an achievement for the 1963 squad with 


Ian Taylor as captain. The team won 5 and lost i game and was 
coached by Messrs. Anderson and Burns. 

Three times during the 19505, Junior School and Boulden 
House hockey team won all their games against other L.B.F. 
schools. In 1951 they had an undefeated season, led by David 
Osier and coached by E. C. Cayley, and in 1958 they won all six 
games in their schedule with Chris Humble and Frank Naylor 
as captains. Mr. Kingman was the coach. A strong squad led by 
triple captain Gordon MacNab and coached by Mr. Tottenham 
lost only one game in an eight game schedule in 1961. 

Soccer, too, had its moments of glory under coach A. J. R. 
Dennys. The 1958 team (this was the first year all Little Big 
Four teams were represented), led by J. B. A. Woods won five 
games while losing one, and an undefeated 1961 team captained 
by Philip Jackson and Bob Mewburn scored 17 points in a 6 
game schedule and permitted only two goals against. 

Gymnastics were encouraged and intra-mural as well as annual 
competitions with other schools took place. In 1953 a Junior 
School tumbling team became an integral part of the programme. 
Club swinging remained as one of the highlights of any Inspec- 
tion Day. One boy expressed their anxieties in novel fashion: 
"Just think how intriguing is the exercise of club swinging! 
Watch out for that exciting moment when the boys' arms and 
clubs don't collide in mid-air!" 

The trip to Appleby College in February 1965 and the com- 
petition there was enjoyed by the Boulden House boys. Losing 
by a small margin, they lost to an old friend. For that year the 
Appleby coach was Peter Phippen old J. S.'er and former 
master at T.C.S. 

Two new athletic awards were made in 1965 for the Most 
Valuable Player in Football and in Hockey and were presented 
by J. D. Burns and C. J. Tottenham. 

Under Mr. Tottenham's guidance the athletic programme was 
carefully balanced. Swimming, basketball, tennis, skiing all 
had their place. And of particular importance were the leagues 
formed for the participation of all boys in the various sports. A 
new Boulden House field, made ready in 1963, assisted in this 
development. These 'Snipe' leagues, as they were called in soccer, 


hockey and cricket, provided exercise and enjoyment for every 
boy in the school at his own physical level. Their value was par- 
ticularly shown in hockey where they provided an excellent 
training ground for future J.S. team players, and in cricket where 
they familiarized new boys with a game that was usually 
unknown to them. 

The new emphasis on educational values during the 19505 
affected all teaching levels. Geography was to reach the status 
of a full-fledged matriculation subject and that important branch 
of teaching in the Junior School was taken over by E. C. Cayley 
in 1950. Edward Cayley, a J.S. Old Boy, fine athlete, distin- 
guished sailor and capable teacher, was to remain until 1956. 
Geography courses were set up and the subject reorganized and 
revitalized. Mr. Cayley was to coach an unbeaten team in foot- 
ball, the 1953 squad, the first one in J.S. history and to do the 
same in hockey. In 1956 he left to continue his education at 
Columbia, then to accept a position at Holderness School, Mass., 
where he became assistant to the Headmaster. In 1962 he became 
Headmaster of Stanstead College, P.Q. 

His place was taken by another Old Boy, Abner Kingman, Jr. 
Paralleling the career of his predecessor, Kingman furthered the 
development of geography and also coached unbeaten football 
and hockey teams in 1958. 

It did not take the space race or Gagarin in orbit in 1960 to 
produce an interest in natural science at T.C.S. It had never 
been neglected and nature study was certainly a part of the junior 
curriculum. Though there was no room for a science laboratory 
in the Junior School, for some years odd bits of equipment from 
the Senior School labs had been donated to further scientific 
investigations at a junior level. 

As early as 1 944 they had had remarkable results. It had been 
a quiet Saturday morning in October. The Principal and his 
family were having a leisurely breakfast. In the room below 
them, Grade 10 were immersed in the mysteries of the universe. 
Suddenly there was a deafening explosion followed by sepulchral 
tones of questioning authority. 

"Is anybody hurt?" 

Fortunately there wasn't. But for some time demonstrations 


of the explosive qualities of hydrogen were confined to textbook 

Close liaison between Senior School and Junior School science 
teachers in the 19505 resulted in a biology course being taught 
at a Grade 9 level. D. P. Williams was responsible for setting up 
a small laboratory and with the aid of D. W. Morris worked 
out the content of the course. Though experimental work was 
limited, the theoretical aspects and general knowledge of biology 
have proved most helpful to the boys. This has been particularly 
apparent in their reaction to the new course in anthropology 
conducted by J. D. Burns. This venture, started in 1964, corre- 
lates a good deal of the student biological information with the 
study of man's development through the ages. The relationship 
between these two courses has provided a successful example of 
integrated learning. 

New techniques in language teaching, the use of tape recorders 
and a language laboratory in the Senior School marked linguistic 
advances. And while Ritchie's forever young 'Latin Grammar' 
was restored to use, 'Winnie Ille Phu' appeared in toga dress and 
there was a charming version of 'Tres Parvi Porci' in a text now 
happily defunct. 

The intricacies of the new mathematics were introduced 
early in the Junior School by D. W. Morris and A. J. R. Dennys. 
Many advanced concepts were easily understood by the young 
students who were only dismayed when they discovered that new 
maths still involved old addition, multiplication and subtrac- 

Such a programme had results. In the 19505, John R. Cart- 
wright, Peter Saegert, Tom Allen, Ted Ketchum and Ross 
Hodgetts were to win important entrance scholarships into the 
Senior School. 

Additional Entrance Scholarships and Bursaries to Boulden 
House were announced in 1956 and intensified use of intelli- 
gence and achievement tests by the Admissions Board from 1957 
on aided considerably in measuring the scholastic aptitude of 
Boulden House students. Consequently the years 1960-1964 
saw no less than 9 major scholarships to the Senior School being 
won by Boulden House boys Neville Wallis, Richard Grynoch, 


David Lindop, Chris Hill, Geoffrey O'Brian, Andy Barnard, Pat 
Little, Zachary Pierce and Richard McLernon. 

The fifties were exciting years and the Junior School shared 
in them. In 1951 there was an October trip to Trenton by special 
train to see Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh. The 
cars were vintage models and had seats of that special shiny inter- 
woven strawlike substance characteristic of an earlier age. And 
in 1953 the Junior School participated in the Coronation Day 
parade in Port Hope with two gaily caparisoned knights and 
doughty Beefeaters. Stephen Irwin, Ralph Chauvin, Peter Jenn- 
ings and David Cape were the men of the pageant. Cape's arrival 
at the Junior School in company with his brother, Chris, marked 
the first time great-grandsons of an Old Boy had attended the 

October 16, 1954, began quietly enough with a pleasant breeze 
from the east. "Might bring some rain and soften up the ground." 
That was the general reaction, for the football fields had the con- 
sistency of cement. By 7 p.m. a gale was blowing and the walk to 
Chapel was an exciting one the boys leaned into the wind and 
felt the rain sting their faces. The storm kept up most of the 
evening. The lights went out and that meant early bed. It wasn't 
until next morning and their trip to U.C.C. that the boys realized 
the devastation of Hurricane Hazel. About this time the boys 
purchased three trees to commemorate the Queen's Coronation. 

A noticeable trend in the decade following the war had been 
the enrolment of boys in the Junior School at a later age. Possibly 
some parents had decided they wanted their children at home 
until they were ready for Grades 8 and 9. Increased fees were no 
doubt a factor contributing to the change. The intensified pro- 
gramme of independent day schools in heavily populated urban 
areas also added to this tendency. 

As a result, Dr. Ketchum announced that the name of the 
Junior School would be changed to Boulden House. He pointed 
out that it was no longer really a junior school, as often Grade 
10 boys up to fifteen years of age were living there. "The new 
name," he said, "is taken as a tribute to the first Housemaster of 
the Junior School, Canon C. H. Boulden. 

Boys read more and their literary taste developed in selectivity 


as the Boulden House library was enlarged through the years. 
By 1965 it contained almost 1,500 volumes and included nine 
major encyclopaedias and many standard reference works. Such 
works developed student potential in original research and 
provided additional enrichment material for all academic 
courses. Strangely enough, comics were never particularly 
popular reading in the Junior School during the fifties and this 
situation continued. In 1952 the boys in Grades 9 and 10 aver- 
aged 15 books read per year; in 1965 the Grade 9 students 
averaged 25 and 50% of those were non-fiction. 

Four instructors during the Tottenham era contributed much 
to the artistic development of Boulden House and to the School 
in general. Mrs. T. D. McGaw, who was art instructor from 
1954-1957 brought to the Boulden House boys knowledge of 
various techniques and colour theory. Tom LaPierre and Pavaao 
Airola added sophistication to their instruction that took it away 
from the Sunday painter attitude that is so prevalent in prepar- 
atory art teaching. Airola's work and his influence on his pupils 
communicated to them a European attitude of respect towards 
art that was most beneficial. These trends continued under David 
Blackwood who brought a vitality and an important Canadian 
awareness to this aspect of the curriculum. 

For 35 years, Edmund Cohu has been the "music man" of 
the Junior School, Boulden House, T.C.S. choirmaster and 
music teacher to two generations. Mr. Cohu's achievements 
in the field of choral work have been major ones. Few T.C.S. 
memories retain their vividness as acutely as the treble purity 
of 'The Holly And The Ivy' at a Carol Service; the melodious 
reassurance of Stanford's 'The Lord Is My Shepherd'; and the 
haunting nostalgia of the 'Dutch Hymn Of Thanksgiving' on 
Speech Day. To his other achievements, Mr. Cohu adds that of 
mentor in attitude and etiquette. Few J.S. boys will forget his 
talks about the School, about behaviour, and about the responsi- 
bilities and duties of a member of T.C.S. 'Uncle Eddie's' lectures 
remain and are remembered. 

In 1953, the Junior School presented a Christmas Entertain- 
ment entitled 'Mother Goose'. A pot pourri of nursery rhymes 
'ham' comedy and swinging music it set the pattern for a series 


of modern up-tempoed pantomimes that continued until 1964 
when 'Aladdin Met Snow White'. The original trio responsible 
for these efforts was made up of Mrs. C. Moore, A. J. R. Dennys 
and J. D. Burns. Their productions included such entertain- 
ments as Teter Panic', 'Cinderama', 'Hamelot', 'Oh-Kanada', 
and the familiar 'My Square Lady'. A trademark in all of these 
productions was the speech: "And now let's have a party!" 

More serious dramatics were essayed in 1954 when the Junior 
School took the play Brothers In Arms to an evening of one act 
plays at Upper Canada College. Here in friendly theatrical co- 
operation they worked along with St. Andrew's College and the 
Prep. It was a most successful evening and Merrill Denison, the 
author of the Junior School play, was in the audience. Directed 
by J. D. Burns, the performers included Carman Lamb, Mike 
Thompson, Ross Hodgetts and Peter Taylor. In the years to 
come the Junior School and Boulden House were to present five 
more productions at these enjoyable Upper Canada theatre 

Dramatics flourished and in 1964 Boulden House entered the 
play Rise and Shine in the Kawartha Drama Festival in competi- 
tion with 14 district High Schools. The cast included Peter 
Newell, Jon Lewis, Robin Lind and Tom Zimmerman. The 
adjudicator, Mr. Denis Sweeting of Toronto, had high words of 
praise for the performances given by Lind and Newell. 

In 1961 Mrs. C. Moore presented an acting trophy to Boulden 
House, won by J. M. Esdaile. Mrs. Moore's contribution to the 
success of Boulden House dramatics cannot be estimated. For 23 
years she has taught the junior grades with wisdom and under- 
standing. Indeed she is the Mrs. Prep of Boulden House. It was 
most fitting that at the Boulden House Christmas Dinner in 
1964, as President of the Port Hope Ladies' Guild, Mrs. Moore 
should present to C. J. Tottenham, a Principal's Chair to com- 
memorate the 5oth Anniversary of the Junior School. As well 
as being a teacher and President of the Guild, Mrs. Moore has 
the unique experience of being an Old Boy of the School an 
honour conferred upon her at the Toronto Old Boys' Association 
Dinner in 1963. 

The Tottenham era had seen 54 entrants into the Junior 


School in 1941. In 1964 84 Boulden House boys answered the 
roll call. Since he took over, 2 1 of the School's Head Prefects have 
been J.S. boys. The years had been good ones and the results 
were there for all to see. 

Appendix A 

The Old Boys' Association 

was organized in 1886 through the active work of four 
Old Boys -Donald McLean Howard ('72-'78), Alan F. 
("Comet") Campbell ('7i-'77), Harry Lawrence Ingles ('76-'77) 
and Harry Keble Merritt ('79-'83). As a result of their efforts the 
first dinner was held at the Walker House, Toronto, on Decem- 
ber 17, 1886. 

By 1895 there were branches in Toronto, Montreal, Hamilton 
and Kingston. Members in good standing for the year 1895-96 
numbered almost forty. The minutes of early meetings show the 
devotion and concern for the welfare of the School of a faithful 
core who were to rally others to their support to triumph over 
the disastrous fires of 1895 an( i J 9 2 ^ in which much that had 
been given to the School through their influence was lost. These 
reverses, as well as those during the financial depression of the 
thirties, were weathered through the efforts of faithful Old Boys 
and served to knit more firmly the bond between School and 
those who had passed through its halls. 

Despite reorganization on several occasions the latest being 
the formation of the T.C.S. Association in 1958 the purpose 
has remained the same: "the encouragement and maintenance 
of all matters pertaining to the welfare of T.C.S. and the advance- 
ment of the welfare of the members of the Association." The 
O.B.A. and its newer counterpart have been the only organized 
means of keeping Old Boys in touch with the School and with 
each other and the Association is the "surest guarantee that the 
existence and best traditions of T.C.S. will be maintained." 



In 1898 an illustrated booklet on T.C.S. was printed by the 
Association. The following year the O.B.A. arranged a tour of 
the T.C.S. Rovers Cricket Team and a testimonial to Dr. Bethune 
on his retirement. 

As early as 1901, the Association was given the right to elect 
three members to the Governing Body, thus receiving a respon- 
sible share in the government of the School. 

In 1902 the Montreal Old Boys held their first dinner at the 
Place Viger Hotel with Mr. Randall Davidson in the chair. This 
year was memorable in the annals of the Association by the gift 
of shower baths and a dressing-room for the gymnasium, and on 
October 17 the annual Thanksgiving reunion was a gala affair 
with a football match, dance and much talk of the old days in 
Mr. Nightingale's room. Thirty Old Boys were at the midday 
dinner and 150 guests at the dance for which music was provided 
by a Toronto orchestra. 

In 1903, at the suggestion of Dr. Symonds, a Committee was 
appointed to raise funds to provide a Memorial Window in the 
Chapel in commemoration of the Old Boys who lost their lives 
in the Boer War. A branch of the Association, organized by 
J. W. Ambery, was formed in British Columbia with head- 
quarters in Vancouver. 

A medallion of Archibald Lampman, the poet, who was Head 
Boy in 1878 and 1879 was presented by the Association "in com- 
memoration of one of the gentlest and brightest of its Old Boys". 

On January 9, 1908, the T.C.S. Old Boys resident in Winnipeg 
and Manitoba held their first reunion and dinner at Deer Lodge, 
Winnipeg. R. V. Harris ('96-' 99) was chief organizer and the 
Hon. George R. Coldwell ('74-'77)> Provincial Secretary of Mani- 
toba, was chairman. To mark the occasion the following year, 
the executive arranged a hockey game between the Old Boys 
of T.C.S. and U.C.C. in the Winnipeg area. Dudley Dawson 
emerged as the principal goal getter, ably supported by Major 
Macdonell. An amusing caption headed the account of the game 
in the Winnipeg Free Press: "Old Boys Played Very Young 
Hockey. Homeric Struggle at Fort Osborne Resulted in a Victory 
(8-2) for Port Hope". 

There were no minutes of meetings of the O.B.A. for the 


period between February 1908 and November 1914 when, 
through the efforts of Peter Campbell, the Association was re- 
vived. In a letter dated March 16, 1915, D'Arcy Martin, past 
president, wrote to Dr. Newbold Jones, the new secretary- 
treasurer, providing him with a copy of the Constitution of 1895 
which was again adopted. 

No Old Boys' dinner was held in 1915 because of the War. A 
committee consisting of the Headmaster, four Old Boys and the 
captains of football, hockey and cricket was appointed to define 
what the colours for the various teams should be. It was resolved 
that the Headmaster appoint someone at the School to insert 
notices of all games in the Toronto papers beforehand and that 
the Service List Committee should try to procure photographs 
of Old Boys who had fallen in the War. 

The 5oth Anniversary of the founding of the School was cele- 
brated at Port Hope May 24, 1915. Dr. Newbold Jones, secretary- 
treasurer, with the assistance of a committee headed by Mr. 
Morgan Jellett, was responsible for the excellent organization 
that made it a great success. Expenses were borne by the Associa- 
tion. In the same year, the O.B.A. paid for printing and dis- 
tributing the School prospectus to Old Boys in order to stimulate 
interest in the School. 

As early as 1918 plans for the Memorial Junior School were 
drawn up by Mr. Frank Darling and were displayed at a compli- 
mentary dinner given through the generosity of several members 
of the Executive Committee for all Old Boys who could attend. 

The following years were to be ones of constant effort to raise 
funds to make the War Memorial a reality. Dr. Newbold Jones 
and A. A. Harcourt Vernon, secretary-treasurer of the O.B.A., 
were appointed to take entire charge of the fund raising. 

It was felt that with a stronger liaison with the Branches, the 
success of the appeal would be assured. The loosely formed 
Branches of the Association (in which organization consisted 
mainly of arranging an annual dinner) were apt to lapse when 
their leading organizer was indisposed. During 1919 and 1920 
Hugh Heaton, a member of the executive committee, devoted 
many hours on his western business trips to advising groups of 
Old Boys in Regina, Calgary, Vancouver, Edmonton and Vic- 


toria on how they could become established on a more business- 
like footing with the central organization. Enthusiasm was high 
and in Winnipeg, payment of the $3 membership fee which 
provided for delivery of The Record was succeeded with true 
western verve, by queries as to the extent of their territory and 
what contribution they could make toward the establishment of 
a permanent organization. 

A letter of June 16, 1920, from "Tim" Harcourt Vernon to 
Hugh Heaton conveys the exciting atmosphere of negotiations 
at that time as Dr. Orchard tried to obtain part of the beautifully 
located hillside park as a site for the Junior School. "The Port 
Hope Town Council is going to meet Mr. Darling who will be 
backed up by the Lieutenant-Governor and several other 'big' 
Old Boys on Friday with regard to land for the Memorial. I will 
send you a code wire as follows: 'National' if we are to have the 
land. 'Trust' if negotiations are not completed. 'Company' if 
negotiations fail. Let us pray that it will be 'National'. For the 
love of Pete keep me well posted as to what you are doing." 
Unfortunately, the negotiations failed and the Junior School was 
built on its present site. 

The value of the contacts with Old Boys in the West was 
realized and, at the request of the O.B.A., Dr. Orchard made a 
tour of the western cities from December 3, 1919, to January 10, 
1920, meeting groups of Old Boys and personally bringing them 
up to date on conditions at the School and the plans for the 
future. This innovation became a tradition under the two suc- 
cessive Headmasters, Dr. Ketchum and Mr. Scott, who, with Mr. 
J. W. Kerr, Executive Director of the T.C.S. Association, have 
assured the western Branches of an annual visit from either 
Headmaster or Executive Director thus achieving national 
awareness of the merits of the School. 

An outstanding event in 1920 was the Old Boys' Dinner held 
in January at Government House at the invitation of His 
Honour Lionel H. Clarke ('72-'75), Lieutenant-Governor of 

In October 1921 it was resolved that subscriptions for the 
Memorial Fund be put in the hands of a professional on a com- 
mission basis for a period of three months. 


At this time work on a School Service List as well as an Old 
Boys' Directory was being done. 

By September 1922 the following were established as secre- 
taries in cities across the country A. A. Harcourt Vernon, 
Toronto; C. J. Harstone, Winnipeg; S. L. Miller, Vancouver; 
J. P. Chadwick, Victoria; P. H. Gordon, Regina; H. C. Rees, 
Saskatoon; C. S. Wallis, Edmonton; E. L. Lindsay, Calgary, and 
R. V. Harris, Halifax. School bonds were being issued to help 
finance the building of the Memorial Junior School. Work was 
to begin at once. In November the Kingston Branch was revived 
with P. DuMoulin, President; and in 1923 H. M. Taylor headed 
a Montreal Branch. 

By January 1924, total subscriptions obtained by the Special 
Committee and the O.B.A. amounted to $200,000 and assurance 
was given that the Memorial Junior School would be ready for 
September. The Dedication and Formal Opening took place 
November 9 and 10 with many Old Boys on hand to see their 
greatest contribution to the School a reality. 

During 1925 two squash courts were given to the School 
through the generosity of a group of Old Boys. At the annual 
meeting, Colonel Lash, who had for three years motored to Port 
Hope "one, and sometimes three days a week" to help Phil Ket- 
chum coach teams, was thanked for this service. 

In 1927 the Dr. Petry Memorial Fund, contributed by Old 
Boys, provided a prize awarded each Speech Day in his memory. 
At this time the O.B.A. had members in Baghdad, Kenya, Cape- 
town, Peru and Mexico as well as in all parts of the United States 
and Canada. 

In 1932 the Association suggested that publicity in the press 
could be handled more effectively and that it would be desirable 
to have on the teaching staff a larger proportion of men who had 
been longer resident in Canada, or who were Canadian born, 
than had been the case in recent years. All masters were made 
Honorary members of the Association for the period they re- 
mained at the School. A Primatial Cross was presented to the 
Primate of All Canada, the Most Reverend Clarendon Lamb 
Worrell, D.D. (1870) by graduates of Trinity College and the Old 
Boys of T.C.S. 


Gold footballs in miniature were presented to the Little Big 
Four Champions of 1934 at the annual dinner in Toronto and 
oak boards were put up in the gym with the names of the cham- 
pion teams. Mr. Harry L. Symons also gave a dinner for the team 
after their victory. 

In 1934, a membership campaign was carried on. Excerpts 
from a letter composed by J. G. K. Strathy clarify the position of 
the Association. 

"T.C.S. Old Boys' Association, financially, is practically in- 
solvent for the following reasons: (i) The lack of support given 
to it by the Old Boys in paying their $3 annual fee. This year 
119 members have made payments out of 1300 whose names we 
have on our books. (2)by reason of an investment made by your 

"We responded to the appeal of the School for funds for the 
rebuilding programme after the disastrous fire in 1928. This was 
considered a worthy cause for the O.B.A. to support and, as a 
result, we invested our entire capital of $4,800 and received in 
exchange T.C.S. bonds paying 6% per annum. This money had 
been raised from Life Membership Fees and the income from it 
was vital to the continuance of the Association. In 1931, owing 
to the trend of economic affairs, the School was forced to default 
on its bonds resulting in the loss to us of our main source of 
income our only other being the $3 Annual Fee. 

"T.C.S. has in Philip Ketchum a new Headmaster, who, at 
the same time, is an enthusiastic Old Boy. He is doing great 
things for the School and he looks to the Old Boys' Association 
for support and guidance, and to achieve results every Old Boy 
should contribute his share . . ." 

At the annual meeting in 1935, Dr. J. C. Maynard said: "The 
School is in a jam but with the cooperation of the Old Boys 
in securing new boys and making the most of the wave of 
enthusiasm which has arisen for various reasons but especially 
for winning the Little Big Four, different ways out of it will 

In November 1936 a dinner meeting was held at the Hotel 
Georgia, Vancouver, for the purpose of forming a B.C. Branch. 
A. E. Jukes was elected president and Senator G. H. Barnard was 


chosen to represent Victoria. A telegram was sent to the Head- 
master announcing: "New Association was born last night. Strong 
Executive elected strictly on the understanding that a special half- 
holiday be granted the School and all detention cancelled on 
that day in honour of British Columbia". A publicity campaign 
was carried on and information to parents was available through 
Len and Theo DuMoulin's office. A follow-up letter predicted 
that it might be necessary to build "several more buildings to 
house the importations from B.C." 

The years 1936 and 1937 saw a complete and important 
reorganization of the Old Boys' Association. The main features 
were as follows: 

(a) Shifting the Central Association to the School, at Port 

(b) The appointment of Eric Morse, a Master and an Old Boy, 
as Secretary-Treasurer. 

(c) The setting up of an office, with records and a half-time 

The Old Boys' Association received half the $3 fee of all who 
joined the Association, but this amount, as revenue, was insig- 
nificant; the remainder of the fee helped to defray the cost of 
The Record, a subscription to which was included in the mem- 
bership. The School provided the O.B.A. office and stenographer; 
the Secretary-Treasurer was already on the staff. 

The O.B.A. set out to track down as many Old Boys as possible. 
Not a third of the existing Old Boys' addresses were then known. 
Lists of unknown addresses were published with each issue of 
The Record, and gradually the list was built up. By 1939, 
seventy-five per cent of Old Boys' addresses were known; and the 
next year a fairly complete Old Boys' Directory was published, 
the printing cost of which was generously contributed by W. R. 
Houston ('8o-'82). 

The O.B.A. then put on a campaign to obtain copies of all 
first-team photographs back to the beginning, to replace those 
lost in the fire of 1928. First Team photographs lined the cor- 
ridors of Brent and Bethune Houses. Frames were built in the 
School carpentry shop and Dr. Glover, then a member of the 


staff, added the names for many of them in his distinctive letter- 

An Old Boys' 'Business Openings Bureau' was established, but 
failed to demonstrate a very great need. 

The main objective of the Old Boys' Association, once Old 
Boys had been tracked down, shifted to preparations for the 
School's 75th Anniversary in 1940. Argue Martin was appointed 
President of a 75th Anniversary Committee, and Eric Morse, 
Secretary. The celebration of the Anniversary, in May 1940, re- 
sulted in the biggest Old Boys' gathering that had taken place 
at the School. (Details appear elsewhere in this History). The 
same year, special anniversary dinners were held in most of the 
Branches across the country. 

By 1940, the Old Boys' Association was in a financially solvent 
and enthusiastic condition. The work of Phil Ketchum as the 
first Old Boy Headmaster (to say nothing of the 1934 Little Big 
Four Championship), and the setting up of a permanent office 
subsidized heavily by the School, removed the O.B.A. from hit- 
and-miss dependence on local and ephemeral enthusiasm. The 
time and money devoted to tracking down Old Boys' addresses 
proved to be well spent. The general policy of the Old Boys' 
Association at this time was not, as Eric Morse put it, "to over- 
play passing the hat but rather to establish long-lost contacts and 
thus to make more widely known what was going on at the 
School. The Old Boys took it from there." 

In 1941, owing to the number of Old Boys on active service, 
the existing Constitution and organization was suspended for 
the duration. Arrangements were made for a meeting in con- 
junction with the Toronto Branch in January; and each Branch 
appointed two members to meet with the Central Executive 
twice a year. The following officers were elected for the duration: 
Hon. President P. A. C. Ketchum; President Lt. Col. J. 
Ewart Osborne, Toronto; Vice-President P. A. DuMoulin, 
London, and Greville Hampson, Montreal; Secretary-Treasurer 
W. K. Molson, Port Hope. Mr. Eric Morse, who had filled 
the latter position for several years, was leaving the School to go 
on active service and tribute was paid to him for his organiza- 
tional work. In January 1942 the Executive recommended that 


the $5300 worth of School bonds be delivered up to the Corpora- 
tion of T.C.S. for cancellation. 

A memorable event in February 1946 was the annual Dinner 
of the Toronto Branch held in the Crystal Ballroom of the King 
Edward Hotel under the chairmanship of S. B. Saunders. Old 
Boys who had seen active service were guests of the Association 
and L. W. Brockington, K.C., addressed the assembly. In a 
magnificent speech long to be remembered, Mr. Brockington 
commented on Sir William Osier, first Head Boy of T.C.S., and 
pointed out how John D. Rockefeller's admiration for this great 
man had led to the founding of the famous Rockefeller Founda- 
tion. "The virtue of a School such as T.C.S. is the inculcation of 
loyalty, sportsmanship, gentlemanly attributes, love of service 
of King and country and a searching mind," he said. He was con- 
vinced that no school in the Empire had a better war record. 
"The 843 Old Boys of T.C.S. who were in the services were 
common men and yet most uncommon men. Those who lost 
their lives did not die with death," he concluded. 

In 1948 an Old Boys' Bursary Fund was established to assist 
worthy students to attend T.C.S. Between 1948 and 1951 Old 
Boys subscribed $15,000 to this Fund. 

In 1948 the Old Boys' War Service Record was published. The 
task of obtaining photographs and statistics which was started 
by a Service List Committee in 1915 and revived in 1921, had 
been turned over to H. C. Wotherspoon in 1923. During World 
War II, W. K. Molson and Arthur Key, while acting as Secretary 
of the Association, handled the filing of information which was 
eventually compiled by A. H. Humble for publication. 

Under the chairmanship of C. F. W. Burns a Sustaining Fund 
campaign was undertaken in 1952. During 1953 and 1954 Ian 
Cumberland visited Old Boys in the Maritimes and British 
Columbia. The Old Boys' week-end in May 1952 introduced the 
"Special Seagram Rules" concocted by N. O. Seagram for the 
Fathers vs. Sons Cricket Match. In 1954 the Old Boys' Bulletin 
was published for the first time and was declared by N. O. Sea- 
gram, President of the O.B.A., to be "the best innovation ever". 
The Old Boys' week-end was held on Inspection week-end. 
Lunch was served in the Hall and a marquee. For the first time 


the Gym and P.T. display was held on the terrace. The beautiful 
weather and surroundings added so much to this impressive 
exhibition that it has become traditional to hold it outside 
where large numbers can be accommodated. In the evening there 
was dancing in the gym with an orchestra in attendance. On Sun- 
day there followed the dedication of the Memorial Window in 
the Chapel, donated by G. B. Strathy. 

In 1953 the Montreal Branch presented the School with a 
T.V. set. 

Toronto Branch held a most successful Annual Dinner in 1954 
under the chairmanship of W. R. Duggan, President. The guest 
speaker, George Leacock, gave a most humorous talk and Arch- 
bishop Renison referred to the traditions of Canada and the 
School, his memories of the early days and the challenges of the 
future. C. F. W. Burns reported that the Sustaining Fund had, 
that evening, reached its minimum objective of $150,000. Mr. 
H. F. Labatt, who was present, made a further most generous con- 
tribution. The entertainment of the evening will long be 
remembered. A ventriloquist delighted everyone, with Brigadier 
Ian Cumberland acting as assistant. J. D. Ketchum played the 
piano, Bert Winnett sang a solo, and a quartet performed. 

In 1955, through the efforts of Brigadier J. M. Cape and Mr. 
Dudley Dawson, the Montreal Branch, which had been inactive 
for three years, was reorganized. John Kerrigan was elected 

In May 1956 the "most ambitious Reunion Week-End ever 
held at T.C.S.", in the words of Hubie Sinclair, chairman, was 
held Inspection week-end. In addition to Inspection and the 
Gym display, Dr. Ketchum held a reception at Idalia and a buffet 
supper was followed by a dance on Saturday. At the Annual 
Meeting of the O.B.A. held on Sunday afternoon, fees were 
abolished. Brigadier Ian Cumberland, President, said "it was 
felt that all Old Boys should receive information about the 
School so that they might more easily keep in touch with their 
former fellow students. We hope to strengthen ties with the 
School by this method". Under the new system all Old Boys 
would receive the school bulletins, calendar of events and other 
items of interest. They would be asked to make annual donations 


to the T.C.S. Fund. The Bursary Fund would be incorporated in 
the T.C.S. Fund with the monies still allocated for bursaries. A. 
R. Winnett was elected President. It was resolved that the Con- 
stitution should be revised. The Headmaster mentioned the 
excellent work of W. K. Molson, Mrs. Spencer and Mrs. Johnson 
in the Old Boys' Office. 

P. A. McFarlane replaced Mr. Molson as secretary in Sep- 
tember 1955, using a Toronto office until January 1956 when he 
came to Port Hope. He was succeeded by J. W. Kerr in July 1957. 

In May 1957 Vice-President T. L. Taylor presented a proposed 
Constitution for the T.C.S. Association outlining what the execu- 
tive had in mind for the Association. (i)All Branches of the 
O.B.A. should have proper officers and constitution, leadership 
coming from the Central Association. (2) Parents (past and 
present) should be included as automatic members of the Asso- 
ciation, as are all Old Boys. (3) A set schedule of annual meetings 
should be drawn up for various branches, and the Secretary 
should attend all such meetings. (4) A system of limited financial 
support from the School should be worked out to assist the local 
branches in their activities. (5) Representatives of the Parents 
might also be elected to the Governing Body. (6) Representatives 
from all branches should be at the Annual Meeting, a financial 
scheme being set up to help defray travelling expenses for repre- 
sentatives from Western Canada. A. R. Winnett, T. L. Taylor 
and J. M. Cape were appointed to bring to a conclusion recom- 
mendations regarding the Association. It was recommended that 
the Old Boys' Bulletin be issued as the T.C.S. News with three 
issues a year. The Record would be given only to boys at the 
School and the numbers reduced to three, as the Old Boys' Bulle- 
tin would supplement it. The Headmaster pointed out that 
T.C.S. is the only School which has published a magazine of the 
size of The Record six times a year (1933-1950), or five times a 
year (1950-1957) and mailed it free to 2500 subscribers a heavy 
drain on School finances. 

On May 11, 1958, the Trinity College School Association 
came into being when the Old Boys' Association was dissolved at 
the Annual Meeting and the proposed constitution accepted. 
The Board of Directors of the Association consists of eight 


parents, eight Old Boys, the Branch Presidents, the Director of 
the T.C.S. Fund and the Director of the Publicity Committee. 
The Directors meet twice each year, their term of office being 
four years. They conduct the affairs of the Association. 

An Executive Committee is elected from the members of the 
Board of Directors, consisting of four parents, four Old Boys, 
the Fund Director and the Publicity Director. This committee 
meets about five times a year. 

The Association is represented on the Governing Body of the 
School by three parents and three Old Boys. Their term of office 
is three years and each must be a Director. 

The members of the Association meet at the Annual General 
Meeting, generally at the School in October. At this time they 
elect four Directors (two Old Boys, two Parents), an Honorary 
President and two representatives to the Governing Body (one 
Old Boy and one parent). 

Jim Kerr ('33-'37) was appointed Executive Director, devoting 
full time to the affairs of the Association. 

The objectives of the Association are: (a) To provide an active 
and widespread membership in which all Old Boys, Parents and 
friends of the School may participate, (b) To bring together its 
members for their mutual benefit, for the support of T.C.S. and 
to promote good fellowship among the members of the Associa- 
tion, (c) By its active support of T.C.S. to assist in maintaining 
the independent schools as an integral part of the educational 
system of Canada, (d) To encourage the enrolment of suitable 
students in T.C.S. from all parts of Canada and elsewhere, (e) To 
promote financial support for T.C.S. through annual giving by 
its members and special contributions. 

T. L. Taylor was first President of the new body. In the first 
year, J. W. Kerr reported, there were approximately 3700 mem- 
bers, made up of 2200 Old Boys and 1500 parents and friends. 
During the first year, dinners or reunions were held in Toronto, 
London, Montreal, Kingston, Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary, 
Edmonton, Vancouver, Victoria and Bermuda. He looked for 
renewed activity in the Hamilton Branch with T. E. Nichols as 
President, and in Ottawa under Brem Rogers. 

The United Kingdom Branch, headed by B. M. Archibald, 


was revived in 1960 and a U.S.A. Branch under J. A. M. Stewart 
was started in 1962. 

The centennial year has undoubtedly been the most active in 
the history of the Association. To plan for the many centenary 
projects to be undertaken, a Centennial Committee was set up 
under the Chairmanship of Peter G. St. G. O' Brian with the 
following members: the Headmaster, Charles F. W. Burns, 
Norman O. Seagram, Patrick C. Osier, Colin S. Glassco, J. Ross 
LeMesurier, Edward J. M. Huycke and Jim Kerr, the coordi- 

During the year Branch Association dinners with special cen- 
tennial programmes were held in Montreal, Hamilton, Ottawa, 
London, Port Hope, Kingston, British Columbia (Vancouver 
and Victoria), Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton, and London, 
England. In addition, receptions for the Headmaster have been 
planned in Halifax, St. John's, Newfoundland, Ottawa, New 
York and Toronto. 

On May i, all members of the T.C.S. family were invited to 
Port Hope to celebrate the looth Anniversary of the Founding 
of the School. The events of this highly successful week-end are 
recorded in the main body of the History, as are the other proj- 
ects undertaken by the Old Boys' committee and brought to an 
eminently satisfactory conclusion. 

The Old Boys of Trinity College School may be justly proud 
of their record of service. Repeatedly they have rallied to the 
support of the School, devoted their time and their substance 
to its needs, and built around it a unique tradition of loyalty. 
As long as that spirit persists among the men who have enriched 
its life as boys, Trinity College School need have no fear of the 
future. It will continue to flourish as one of the outstanding 
educational foundations of this country. 

Appendix B 

The Ladies' Guild 

THE INAUGURAL MEETING of the Trinity College School 
Ladies' Guild was held at the home of Mrs. Edmund Osier 
in Toronto on February 18, 1902, at the suggestion of the 
Headmaster, Dr. Symonds. The initial purpose of this organiza- 
tion was to complete the School Chapel and "otherwise further 
the interests of the School". 

The following officers were elected by ballot: Honorary 
President Mrs. A. Sweatman, President Mrs. E. B. Osier, 
Honorary Secretary Miss E. E. Bethune, Secretary Mrs. 
Oswald Rigby, Committee Mrs. H. D. Warren, Mrs. Elmes 
Henderson, Mrs. A. J. Johnson, Mrs. H. Pellatt and Miss Playter. 
In Port Hope on May i, 1902, Mrs. Symonds invited a number 
of ladies to the Lodge to organize a Branch of the Guild and 
the following officers were elected; President Mrs. Herbert 
Symonds, Treasurer Mrs. James Edgar, Secretary Miss Scott. 
It was decided to ask for contributions towards the Chapel Com- 
pletion Fund from the citizens of the town. The collectors were 
Mrs. Andros, Mrs. Burton, Mrs. Powers, Mrs. Ward and Miss 
Renwick. In a few days over $200 was subscribed and the Guild 
was encouraged to undertake the completion of the Gallery 
which the architect said would cost about $300. A Garden Party 
in aid of the Fund was held on June 26 after the Old Boys' 
Cricket Match. 

At the second Annual Meeting in Toronto in 1903, the finan- 
cial report showed that nearly $1000 was in hand for completion 
of the Chapel. Mrs, Symonds, reporting for the Port Hope 



Branch, said that they numbered 67 members and had the sum 
of $317 to devote to the Gallery of the Chapel. A note of thanks 
was sent to the Port Hope Branch and the citizens of Port Hope 
with congratulations for their active work and help. 

From 1902 to 1905 the Annual Meetings of the Guild, the first 
organization of its kind in Canada, were impressive events. Held 
in St. James' Schoolhouse, the Bishop of Toronto presided, and 
the Headmaster and Dr. Bethune, as well as representatives of 
the Governing Body and the clergy attended. At a committee 
meeting in 1 905 it was decided to invite only the Headmaster to 
be present. It was hoped that with a smaller and more intimate 
group the members of the Guild might take a more active part in 

Under the enthusiastic and able direction of Mrs. Osier, many 
and varied money-making schemes were introduced in the years 
between 1902 and 1906 to hasten the completion of the per- 
manent structure and enrichment of the unadorned shell of the 
Chapel. In 1903 a course of six lectures on Dante was given by 
Professor William Clark of Trinity College (the remuneration 
for which was "in gold"), and a musicale was given at the home 
of Mrs. Nordheimer under the patronage of Her Excellency, the 
Countess of Minto. In 1904, tea was served three afternoons at 
the Flower, Fruit and Honey Show at the Granite Club. For this 
event, the girls serving wore badges of school colours. Net pro- 
ceeds from this, the Chrysanthemum Tea, were $178. In 1905, 
an ingenious Calendar Fund was set in motion with Mrs. Osier 
representing the Year, and twelve other ladies the Months. The 
Minutes of meetings do not make clear the method of collecting 
subscriptions, but at a subsequent meeting the Year was asked 
to prod the Months into turning over a new leaf. Another success- 
ful venture was a performance by the Trinity Glee Club in 
Convocation Hall under the sponsorship of the Guild. 

In 1904, Mrs. Eardley Wilmot arranged for a lecture by Pro- 
fessor Clark in Peterboro and with the assistance of past and 
present boys a new carpet for the Sanctuary of the Chapel was 
presented to the School. In a letter to the Guild, Dr. Rigby 
assumed that a Peterboro Branch had been formed but Mrs. 
Eardley Wilmot wrote to say that the Peterboro contribution 


was intended only as a personal gift from the past and present 
boys there. 

At the Annual Meeting in 1 905, Dr. Rigby stated that annual 
collections from services amounted to about $100. The other 
sources of the Chapel Fund were occasional donations from 
friends of the School, he said, and the rental of some land in Port 
Hope belonging to Dr. Bethune which he had put in Dr. Rigby's 
hands to expend on the Chapel. 

A staunch supporter of the Guild was the School's first Head 
Boy, Dr. William Osier, then of Baltimore, Maryland, who, for 
the first three years after its inception, contributed $100 

In 1907 it was decided to rely on members' fees and donations 
from friends of the School for further improvements in the 
Chapel and School. At the Annual Meeting, Mrs. Osier said that 
the work originally undertaken by the Guild, the permanent roof 
of the Chapel, was now completed and paid for, but she hoped the 
Guild would keep together as there remained much to be done 
to the Chapel to make it beautiful, and apart from that, the 
Guild could advance the interests of the School in many ways. 

At a committee Meeting on February 20, 1928, the formation 
of a Montreal Branch was discussed and the President, Mrs. 
George Cartwright, was asked to write to Mrs. R. P. Jellett asking 
her views. The disastrous School fire occurred March 3 and no 
further action was taken with regard to a Montreal Branch until 
1943 when Mrs. Jellett, at the request of Dr. Ketchum, called a 
group of ladies together at her home. In March 1944, the Head- 
master addressed a meeting of the Montreal Branch and gave 
suggestions for the organization. 

Between 1902 and 1928 the Guild replaced the plain pine in 
the Chapel (now Osier Hall) with solid oak woodwork. The roof 
for nave and sanctuary, stalls, panelling and doors of solid oak 
were completed. Also presented to the School was a stained glass 
window in the Sanctuary, a memorial to Mrs. E. B. Osier, their 
first President, and an oak sedilia in memory of Mrs. Oswald 
Rigby, first Secretary of the Toronto Guild and second President 
of the Port Hope Branch. The Port Hope Branch contributed 


the gallery seats and railing, altar, and sanctuary hangings. The 
lona Cross, in memory of the Trinity College School Old Boys 
who gave their lives for their country in World War I, was a gift 
of the Guild in 1922 and annually, on Trinity Sunday, the Presi- 
dent of the Guild is present to lay a wreath at the foot of the 

Through the Guild, Mrs. R. C. H. Cassels donated a priedieu, 
and Mrs. William Ince and Miss Mary Campbell each donated a 
clergy stall and canopy. 

All these gifts, with the exception of the lona Cross, were 
destroyed in the fire. With characteristic fortitude, the Guild 
undertook to furnish the Boys' Common Room in the temporary 
school at Woodstock. The complete furnishing of the Masters' 
Common Room was a project undertaken by Mrs. Gordon Osier 
and Mrs. Britton Osier. 

In 1930, the decoration and completion of the furnishing of 
the temporary Chapel (now the Library) in the new School was 
carried out "to commemorate the opening of the new school 
May 16, 1930, and to show appreciation of the encouragement 
shown the Guild by the Headmasters during the past twenty- 
eight years". In the same year a green leather book detailing the 
gifts of the Ladies' Guild was donated by Mrs. George Cart- 
wright, the president. This book, which lists the gifts by the year 
up to the present date, may be seen in a glass case in the Guild 
Room, Trinity House. Nearly two hundred presentations are 
listed, a quarter of them being bursaries. 

The Port Hope Branch, which had become inactive after the 
death of Mrs. Oswald Rigby in 1913, had an all too brief revival 
in 1930 when representatives attended a meeting at Charleston 
Inn, Toronto. Mrs. George Cartwright, President of the Toronto 
Branch, was in the chair and Mrs. C. S. Haultain, Port Hope, 
conducted the meeting while the following officers were elected 
for the Port Hope Branch: President Mrs. James Edgar, Secre- 
tary-TreasurerMrs. M. C. Wotherspoon; Committee Mrs. 
R. F. Forrest, Mrs. E. E. Snyder and Mrs. John Bunting. How- 
ever, no meetings were held in Port Hope until 1933. 

The panelling and furnishing of the Reception Room, known 
as the Guild Room, was undertaken, a special fund being raised 


for the purpose, of which Mrs. Duncan McLaren was convenor. 

Grants for library books and records, cassocks and surplices 
for the Choir and lettering of the Honour Roll in the Dining 
Hall were undertaken by the Guild in the 19305. In 1937 the 
first bursary was awarded. In addition, through the Guild, the 
Helen Matthews Somerville and the Dudley Dawson Bursaries 
were provided. In 1941, Mrs. John Langmuir donated furniture 
for the Hospital Sunroom. 

"C" dormitory in the Junior School was completely redeco- 
rated and furnished in 1952 and the Common Room in 1955. 
The Port Hope Branch, at this time, provided wrought iron 
railings for the steps leading to the Memorial Cross. Jalousie 
shutters for the Library were given in 1956, and six kneelers in 
needlepoint for the Chapel in 1962. 

In 1962 it was reported that there were over 400 members, 65 
of them Life Members. They were from all parts of Canada, from 
the United States, Mexico, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Jamaica, 
Bermuda, England, India and Ceylon. For many years the Guild 
has held a tea or luncheon annually in both Toronto and Mont- 
real to welcome the mothers of New Boys to the T.C.S. family. 

Due to the impending retirement of the Headmaster, Dr. 
Ketchum, 1962 was a year of sentiment in the history of the 
Guild. At a reception and tea held in Toronto in honour of Mrs. 
Ketchum at the home of Mrs. Gaius Thompson, members from 
Toronto, Port Hope and Montreal were on hand for the presen- 
tation of a mink jacket to Mrs. Ketchum, the gift of the Toronto 
Branch. The Montreal Branch presented Dr. Ketchum with an 
oil painting and a gift for the School of $1500. The Port Hope 
Branch had a tea and presentation of matched luggage to Mrs. 
Ketchum at the home of Mrs. Ian Cumberland. By coincidence 
this was very similar to a tea for Mrs. Orchard at the home of 
Mrs. James Edgar in 1933 when she was presented with a parting 
gift of luggage and a travelling clock. 

The Guild's gift to commemorate the Centenary of the 
School's founding was the painting of the ceiling of the Sanctuary 
with the winged man, lion, ox and eagle symbolical of Saints 
Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. This was designed by H. Mc- 
Donic of Mathers and Haldenby, Architects. 


In 1965 the Port Hope Branch presented Boulden House with 
a Principal's chair of carved oak to commemorate the fiftieth 
anniversary of the founding of a separate Junior School. 

A mere recital of the gifts provided by the Ladies' Guild, im- 
pressive though it is, does not tell the full story of their influence 
and their impact upon the School. Their loyalty in times of stress, 
their sustained interest in all that concerns the School, and their 
recognition of needs even before they have been recognized offi- 
cially, have won for the Ladies' Guild enduring tributes from 
every Headmaster since its inception. 

Appendix C 


Visitor: The Lord Bishop of Toronto 

The Hon. and Rt. Rev. J. Strachan, D.D., LL.D. (1839-1867) 

The Rt. Rev. A. N. Bethune, D.D., D.C.L. (1867-1879) 

The Most Rev. A. Sweatman, D.D., D.C.L. (1879-1909) 

The Most Rev. J. F. Sweeny, D.D., D.C.L., LL.D. (1909-1932) 

The Most Rev. D. T. Owen, D.D., D.C.L., LL.D. (1932-1947) 

The Rt. Rev. A. R. Beverley, D.D. (1947-1955) 

The Rt. Rev. F. H. Wilkinson, D.D., LL.D., D.C.L. (1955- ) 


The Chancellor of Trinity University 

Sir John Beverley Robinson, D.C.L., Bt., (1853-1863) 
The Hon. John H. Cameron, Q.C., D.C.L. (1863-1877) 
The Hon. George William Allan, D.C.L. (1877-1902) 
Christopher Robinson, K.C., M.A., D.C.L. (1902-1905) 
John Austin Worrell, K.C., M.A., D.C.L. (1914-1927) 
Gerard B. Strathy, Q.C., M.A., LL.D. (1954-1963) 
Richard Coulton Berkinshaw, C.B.E., LL.D. (1964- ) 

The Provost of Trinity College 

The Rev. George Whitaker, M.A. (1851-1881) 

The Rev. Charles W. E. Body, M.A., D.C.L. (1881-1894) 

The Rev. Edward Ashurst Welch, M.A., D.C.L. (1895-1899) 

The Rev. Thomas Clark Street Macklem, D.D., LL.D. (1900-1921) 

The Rev. Charles Allen Seager, M.A., D.D., LL.D. (1921-1926) 

The Rev. Francis Herbert Cosgrave, M.A., D.C.L., LL.D. (1926-1945) 

The Rev. Reginald Sidney Kingsley Seeley, D.D. (1945-1957) 

The Rev. Derwyn Randulph Grier Owen, Ph.D., D.D. (1957- ) 

The Headmaster 

The Rev. C. H. Badgley, M.A. (1865-1870) 

The Rev. C. J. S. Bethune, MA., D.C.L. (1870-1891; 1893-1899. 

Warden, 1891-1893) 
The Rev. A. Lloyd, MA. (1891-1893) 
The Rev. R. Edmunds Jones, M.A. (1899-1901) 



The Rev. Herbert Symonds, M.A., D.D. (1901-1903) 
The Rev. Oswald Rigby, M.A., LL.D. (1903-1913) 
The Rev. F. Graham Orchard, M.A., D.D. (1913-1933) 
Philip A. C. Ketchum, Esq., M.A., B.Paed., LL.D. (1933-1962) 
Angus C. Scott, Esq., M.A. (1962- ) 

The professors in the Faculty of Arts, Trinity University, were ex-officio members 
until 1932. Thereafter a member was appointed by Trinity University. 

C. S. Maclnnes (1932-1936) 

The Hon. Mr. Justice P. H. Gordon, C.B.E., Q.C., LL.D., M.A., B.C.L. 
(1936- ) 

Board of Governors 

Allan, Hon. G. W., M.L.C. (1866-1902; Chancellor 1877-1902) 

Ambery, Rev. John (ex-officio), (1865-1876) 

Ambrose, Stephen (1947- ) 

Armour, E. D. (1902-1922) 

Badgley, the Rev. C. H., Headmaster (ex-officio) (1865-1870) 

Baker, E. G. Phipps, Q.C., D.S.O., M.C. (1947-1957) 

Baldwin, L. H. (1912-1939) 

Bannerman, W. E. (1959) 

Barnard, The Hon. Mr. Senator G. H., Q.C. (1925-1947; Life Member, 1947- 

Bethune, The Venerable A. N., D.D., D.C.L., Archdeacon of Toronto (1866- 

1867) ; Lord Bishop of Toronto (1867-1879) 
Bethune, The Rev, C. J. S., Headmaster (ex-officio, 1870-1891; 1893-1899; Life 

Member 1899-1932) 
Bethune, Robert H. (1893-1895) 
Birks, G. Drummond (1961- ) 

Birks, Gerald W., O.B.E. (1941-1947; Life Member 1947-1950) 
Bishop, Air Marshal W. A., V.C., D.S.O., M.C., D.F.C., LL.D. (1941-1954) 
Bogert, Clarence (1921-1940; Life Member 1947-1949) 
Bovell, Dr. James (ex-officio, 1866-1870) 
Boyle, The Rev. Prof, (ex-officio, 1911) 
Boys, The Rev. A. (ex-officio, 1879-1890) 
Brett, Prof, (ex-officio, 1911) 
Brown, Colin M. (1958- ) 
Burns, Charles (1940-1958; Life Member 1958) 
Burton, Allan, D.S.O., E.D. (1959-1962) 

Butterfield, The Hon. H. D., B.A. (1947-1964; Life Member 1964) 
Byers, D. N. (Elected by O.B.A. 1946-1954) 
Campbell, C. J. (1866-1901) 
Campbell, I. B., C.A. (1959- ) 
Campbell, P. G., M.C. (Elected by O.B.A. 1941-1946, Elected 1947-1948; Life 

Member 1948-1949) 

Cape, John M., M.B.E., E.D. (Elected by O.B.A. 1954-1964) 
Carlisle, The Right Rev. Arthur, D.D. (Bishop of Montreal) (1934-1943) 
Carsley, C. F. (1956-1958) 
Cartwright, Brig.-Gen. G.S. (1923-1933) 
Cartwright, John R. (1879-1901) 
Cassels, R. C. H., Q.C. (Elected by O.B.A. 1922-1940; elected 1940-1941; Life 

Member 1947-1957. Secretary) 

Cayley, The Rev. E. C. (ex-officio 1892; elected 1902-1921) 
Clark, The Rev. Prof. W. (ex-officio, 1883-1913) 


Clarke, The Hon. L. H. (1911-1921) 

Cochran, H. E., C.B.E., M.C. (1958-1%1) 

Cosgrave, The Rev. F. H., MA., D.D., LL.D., D.C.L. (1945-1947; Life Member 

Cumberland, F. W. (1870-1881) 

Cumberland, I. H., D.S.O., O.B.E., C.St.J., E.D. (1952-1962; Life Member 1962- 

Darling, Frank, LLJX, R.CA., F.R.I., B.A. (1921-1923) 

Davidson, Randall (1902) 

Dawson, Dudley (Elected 1932; O.BA. 1933-1937) 

Dawson, Dudley, B.A. (1951- ) 

Dennistoun, The Hon. Mr. Justice R. M., C.B.E., VJX, BA., LLJX (1902-1947; 
Life Member 1947-52) 

dePencier, J. C. (Elected by O.BA. 1950-1956; elected 1956) 

Deny, D. R., MA., PhJD., F.R.S.C. (1964- ) 

Duckworth, Rev. Prof, (ex-officio, 1902) 

DuMoulin, L. St. M., Q.C. (1958- ) 

DuMoulin, P. A. (Elected by O.BA. 1941-1956; elected 1956- ) 

DuMoulin, S. S. (O.BA. 1933-1940; elected 1941-1947; Life Member 1947-1963) 

Duncanson, A. A. (O.BA. 1956-1958; elected 1958; Secretary 1961-1962) 

Eaton, J. W. (1956-1958) 

Esdaile, J. M. (By T.C.S. Assn. 1964- ) 

Fuller, The Rev. T. B., DID., D.C.L. (later Ven. Archdeacon of Niagara) 

Garnett, M. R. H. (1962- ) 

Geddes, The Rev. J. G. (1866-1892) 

Glassco, Colin S. (1960-1962; by T.C.S. Assn. 1962-1963; elected 1963- ) 

Gordon, The Hon. Mr. Justice P. H., C.B.E., Q.C., LL.D., MA., B.C.L. (Ap- 
pointed by Trinity College 1936- ) 

Graydon, A. S., BA., B.C.L. (1958- ) 

Griffith, Prof, (ex-officio, 1910) 

Hall, H. L. (1957-1964) 

Hampson, Greville (1940-1942) 

Harrington, C. F., BA., B.C.L. (1947- ) 

Henderson, H. L., BA., B.C.L. (By T.C.S. Assn. 1962- ) 

Henderson, P. E. (1925-1933) 

Hodgins, Prof, (ex-officio, 1923) 

Houston, J. A. (1910) 

Howard, E., BA. (1964- ) 

Huntingford, The Rev. E. W. (ex-officio, 1892-1901) 

Huycke, E. J. M., BA. (1961-1962; T.C.S. Assn. 1962-1964; elected 1964) 

Huycke, G. M., Q.C., BA. (1941-1958; Life 1958) 

Hyde, The Hon. Mr. Justice Miller, BA., B.C.L. (Elected 1958-1964; Life 
Member 1964- ) 

Ince, Strachan, D.S.C. (1943-1958; Life Member 1958- ) 

Ince, W. (1903) 

Jellett, R. P. (1911-1947; Life Member 1947-1964) 

Jenks, The Rev. Prof, (ex-officio, 1902-1909) 

Johnson, A. J. (Elected by O.BA. 1902-1921) 

Johnson, J. D. (1941-1954) 

Johnson, R. M., BA. (1959-1961) 

Johnson, The Rev. W. A. (Elected 1866-1869) 

Jones, The Rev. R. Edmunds (Headmaster, ex-officio, 1899-1901) 

Jones, T. Roy (1941-1945) 

Jones, The Rev. William (ex-officio, 1865-1907) 


Jukes, A. E. (1936-1947; Life Member 1947-1955) 

Ketchum, P. A. C., M.A., B.Paed., LL.D., Headmaster (ex-officio, 1933-1962; 
Life Member 1962-1964) 

Kirkpatrick, J. D., Q.C. (1964- ) 

Kirkwood, Prof, (ex-officio, 1913) 

Kittredge, Prof, (ex-officio, 1912) 

Knight, D. N. (1958- ) 

Labatt, Hugh F. (1937-1956) 

Laing, G. F., M.D., C.M. (1950-1960) 

Laing, Peter, Q.C. (1959- ) 

Langmuir, J. W., O.B.E., V.D. (1932-1952 Secretary and Chairman; Life Mem- 
ber 1952-1956) 

Larkin, Gerald (1942-1952; Life Member 1952-1961) 

Laybourne, Lawrence E. (1960-1962; elected by T.C.S. Assn. 1962-1963) 

Leather, Harold H., M.B.E. (1945-1956; Life Member 1956- ) 

LeMesurier, J. Ross, M.C., M.B.A., BA. (elected by T.C.S. Assn. 1963- ) 

LeSueur, R. V., K.C., B.A., (1943-1945) 

Lindop, J. L., A.C.I.S. (1962- , ex-officio, Secretary) 

Lithgow, J. H. (1935-1947) 

Little, E. M., B.Sc. (1950-1960) 

Lloyd, The Rev. Arthur, Headmaster (ex-officio, 1891-1893) 

Macaulay, N. H. (Elected by O.B.A. 1937-1940) 

Macdonell, Lieut. General Sir Archibald C., K.C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O. (1925-41) 

Maclnnes, C. S. (Appointed by Trinity College, 1932-1936) 

Mackinnon, J. B. (1939-1947) 

Macklem, The Rev. Dr. T. C. S. (ex-officio, 1900-1921 Provost; elected 1924) 

Maddock, The Rev. H. E. (ex-officio, 1876-1879) 

Martin, Argue, Q.C. (Elected by O.B.A. 1940-1941; elected 1941-1958; Life 
Member 1958- ; Chairman) 

Martin, D'Arcy (Elected by O.B.A. 1926-1933; Life Member 1947-1951) 

Mathers, F. G., B.A., LL.B. (1936-1949) 

Matthews, The Hon. R. C., P.C., B.A. (1940-1947; Life Member 1947-1952) 

Maynard, J. C., M.D. (1925-1940) 

McCarthy, M.D. (1959- ) 

McCarthy, M. S. (1906) 

McCullagh, C. George, LL.D. (1948-1952) 

McLean, D. W., B.A. (1947-1958) 

Mewburn, A. F. (1952-1957) 

Montgomery, Prof, (ex-officio, 1902-1907) 

Morgan, Henry W., M.C., B.A. (1947-1956) 

Milner, R. H., Q.C. (1958-1964; Life Member 1964- ) 

Mulholland, R. D. (1947- ) 

Nelles, Admiral Percy W., C.B., R.C.N. (1941-1951) 

O'Brian, Air Commodore G. S., C.B.E., A.F.C., B.A. (1950-1956; Life Member 

O'Brian, P. G. St. G., O.B.E., D.F.C. (1964- ) 

Orchard, The Rev. F. Graham, D.D., Headmaster (ex-officio, 1913-1933) 

Osborne, Col. H. C., C.M.G., C.B.E., V.D., M.A. (1937-1947; Life Member 1947- 

Osborne, Col. J. Ewart, D.S.O., V.D., B.Sc., (1941-1947; Life Member 1947-1964) 

Osier, B. M., Q.C. (Elected 1937-1958; Life Member 1958, Chairman) 

Osier, E. B. (1899-1913) 

Osier, Sir Edmund (1916-1923) 

Osier, F. Gordon (1914-1944) 

Osier, G. S. (1944-1962; Life Member 1962-1964, Chairman) 


Osier, P. C. (1956; O.B.A. 1956-1958; elected 1958- ) 

Owen, The Right Rev. Derwyn T., D.D., D.C.L. (ex-officio, 1913-1932; Bishop 
of Toronto 1932-1947) 

Palmer, The Yen. Arthur, Archdeacon of Toronto (Elected 1867-1881) 

Pearce, W. M., M.C. (1941-1958; Life Member 1958- ) 

Pearson, H. E., M.C. (1958-1963) 

Pearson, The Rev. John (1879-1899) 

Pellatt, Lt. Col. (1902) 

Penfield, Wilder G., C.M.G., M.D., D.Sc., F.R.S., F.R.C.S. (1943-1950; Life 
1950- ) 

Perram, Walter H. (1892-1894) 

Phipps, G. E., Q.C., D.S.O., M.C. (1948-1960; Life Member 1960- , Chairman) 

Phipps, N. E., Q.C., B.A. (1964- ) 

Renison, The Right Rev. R. J., M.A., D.D. (1941-1947; Life Member 1947-1957) 

Rigby, The Rev. O., D.D. (ex-officio, 1892-1933, Headmaster 1903-1913) 

Roper, The Rev. J. C. (ex-officio, 1887-1890) 

Routh, Prof, (ex-officio, 1907-1913) 

Russel, Colin M., B.A., CA. (1933- ) 

Saunders, Dyce W. (Elected by O.B.A. 1897-1930, Secretary) 

Saunders, Sydney B. (O.B.A. 1946-1950; elected 1950-1958; Life Member 1958- 

Scott, C. B. C. (1959-1962) 

Scott, Karl E. (1961-1962; T.C.S. Assn. 1962-1964; elected by Governing Body 
1964- ) 

Seagram, J. W. (1947-1964; Life Member 1964) 

Seagram, Norman (1924-1947; Life Member 1947-1963) 

Seagram, N. O., B.A. (1951-1964; Life Member 1964- ) 

Seagram, T. W. (1941-1949) 

Simpson, Prof, (ex-officio, 1906) 

Sinclair, E. M., B.Sc. (1960- ) 

Smith, Goldwin L. (1922) 

Smith, Prof, (ex-officio, 1902-1907) 

Stone, F. R., B.Comm., CA. (T.C.S. Assn. 1964- ) 

Strathy, G. B., Q.C., M.A., LL.D. (1915-1947; Life Member 1947-1963; Chan- 
cellor 1954-1963. Chairman) 

Strathy, J. G. K., O.B.E., E.D. (1947-1961; Life Member 1961- ) 

Stratton, W. W. (1947-1964; Life Member 1964- ) 

Stuart, The Rev. Canon C. J. S., M.C., M.A. (1947-1956; Life Member 1956- ) 

Symonds, The Rev. H., D.D. (ex-officio, 1890-1903; Headmaster 1901-1903) 

Symons, H. L., E.D. (O.B.A. 1941-1946) 

Tanner, E. H., O.B.E. (1961- ) 

Taylor, E. P., C.M.G., B.Sc. (1950-1963; Life Member 1964- ) 

Taylor, T. L. (1956- ) 

Todd, Brig. P. A. Stanley, C.B.E., D.S.O. (T.C.S. Assn. 1963- ) 

Vernon, A. A. Harcourt (1932-1940) 

Ward, H. A., M.P. (1903-1934) 

Warren, H. D. (1901- ) 

Williams, Arthur T. H., M.P. (1881-1885) 

Wilson, The Rev. Henry, B.D. (1881-1893) 

Wilson, Ross (1947-1962) 

Winder, E. Melville, Q.C. (1962- ) 

Winnett, A. R. (1958- ) 

Worrell, J. Austin, MA., B.C.L. (1887-1914 elected; ex-officio; Chancellor 1914- 

Young, Prof. A. H. (ex-officio, 1902) 




(An asterisk before a name indicates an Old Boy of the School) 

The Rev. C. H. Badgley, MA., 1865-1870 

1866 Sef ton Singing (1867) 
Evans, L. H. (1868) 

Goodwin, Major Fencing and Drill (1868) 
Mrs. Denham Matron 

1867 Bethune, the Rev. F. A. (1877) 
Carter, W. (1868) 

Gilbert, G. A. -Art (1868) 
Kerrison, J. D. Singing (1868) 
Litchfield, G. A. (1871) 
Fernet, Monsieur French (1868) 

1868 Dewar, J. F.- Physician (1879) 
Ford, O. P. (1868) 
Goodwin, H. Gym (1868) 

1869 Harrington, E. H. (1871) 

The Rev. C. J. S. Bethune, MA., D.C.L., 1870-1891 

1 870 Chisholm B ursar 

1871 Philp.W.- Music (1876) 
Worrell, J. A. (1875) 

1872 Lee, C. Russell (1874) 

Mrs. Marmion Matron (1879) 

Moore, J. G. Writing and Bookkeeping (1875) 

1873 Cooper, the Rev. W. E. (1890) 

1874 *Logan, C. J. (1878; 1880-1884) 

1875 Miss Fortune Matron (1883) 
Hooker, A. H. (1876) 
Roberts, L. S. (1877) 

1876 Campbell, H. J. (1879) 

1877 *Allen, W. C. (1882) 

Gilmore, H. G. Music (1880) 

1878 Coleman, H. K. (1883) 

Elliott, Sgt.- Drill Instructor (1881) 
High ton, A. C. (1880) 
Wood, C. E. D. (1881) 

1879 *Ingles, C. L. (1880) 

Montizambert, J. R. (1893) 

Powers, L. B. Physician (1911; Consulting Physician, 1911- ) 

Rowe, Mrs. Henry Matron (1892) 

1880 *Perry, P. (1887) 

Read, Mrs. W.- Music (1888) 

1881 Nichol, the Rev. R. T. (1891) 
Racketts, H. J. Drill Instructor (1882) 

1882 Carter, John (1884) 
Ewing.C.W.- Music (1883) 

Rundle, Sgt.-Major Drill Instructor (1884) 
Simpson, the Rev. James (1887) 


1883 Curry, E. L. (1891) 

Jones, Mrs. H. C. Housekeeper (1884) 

Tyler, F. W. (1887) 

Browne, Miss Housekeeper (1899) 

1884 * Brent, C. H. (1887) 

1886 Wright, T. G. A. (1887) 

1887 *Broughall, the Rev. G. H. (1900; Housemaster 1904-1907) 

Clarke, H. L. 

Hague, Spencer D. 

Houghton, A. Styler Organist and choirmaster (1891) 

Nightingale, W. H. (1900; Housemaster 1901-1905) 

1889 Meiklejohn, M. J. C. (1891) 

1890 McGee, Cyril H. (1892) 

The Rev. A. Lloyd, MA., 1891-1893; The Rev. C. J. S. Bethune - Warden 

1891 Green, Vincent E. (1893; 1901-1903) 
Manning, the Rev. Arthur H. (1892) 
Watson, E. M. (1899) 

1892 Mrs. Jellett- Matron (1897) 
Hibbard, the Rev. G. F. (1893) 
Mackenzie, the Rev. A. W. (1895) 

The Rev. C. J. S. Bethune, MA., D.CX., 1893-1899 

1893 Hitchins, W. Richmond (1895) 
Kennin, F. N. (1894) 

Frith F. W. (1897) 
Coombs, F. H. (1901) 

1894 * Mackenzie, M. A. (1895) 

1895 Collinson, J. H. (1901) 

1896 Skelton- Cricket Pro. 

1897 Mrs. Sey Matron /Housekeeper (1900) 

1898 Heaven, Cecil A. (1899) 

The Rev. R. Edmunds Jones, MA., 1899-1901 

1899 Bruels, Ira A. Visiting Science Master (1900) 
Shaw, F. C. (1901) 

Smith, G. Visiting Violin Master (1902) 
Jackson, C. H. (1901) 

1900 Miss Lightbourn Housekeeper (1907) 
Wethey, E. T. (1901) 

Miss Hector Matron (1909) 
Morris, F. J. A. (1911) 

The Rev. Herbert Symonds, MA., DJ)., 1901-1903 

1901 Archbold, H. T. (1902) 
Hibbard, the Rev. W. R. (1905) 
Sawers, the Rev. F. J. (1904) 
Lawson, J. F. Auditor (1918) 

1902 Miller, S. L. (1910; Housemaster 1907) 
Trollope, F. Gym Instructor (1903) 


The Rev. Oswald Rigby, M.A., LL.D., 1903-1913 

1903 Davidson, Sgt. R. J. Gym Instructor (1904) 
Boyle, H. P. (1913; Housemaster 1910-1913) 
Lamin, H. Cricket Pro. (1904) 

Petry, H.J. H. (1926) 

Miss Tuer Pianoforte Instructor 

Forrest, R. F. Physician (1935) 

1904 Miss Clark -Violin (1907) 
Miss Garfatt- Violin (1909) 
Gerrans, C.D. Cricket Pro. (1905) 

Johnson, Dr. A. Jukes Physician 
Mrs. Montizambert Instructor in Dancing 
Campbell, Sgt. Thos. Drill Instructor (1908) 

1905 Miss Bailey -Nurse (1909) 
Lawson, T. W. (1906) 
Cole, R. S. (1906) 

Ker, E. H. (1907) 

1906 Weaver, K.- Cricket Pro. (1906) 
Gandy, Thos. Cricket Pro. (1907) 

1907 Bridger, W. R. P. (1916) 
Pratt, C. E. (1907) 
Gilmore, T. E. (1908) 

Radcliffe, Clarence Cricket Pro. (1908) 

Worsfold, H. H. (1910) 

Grey, G. H. E. (1908) 

Miss Argles Housekeeper (1909) 

1908 Slater, A. E. (1910) 

Miss Evans Nurse (1909) 
Ingles, G. Leycester (1910) 
Smart, Capt. R. W. Drill Instructor (1914) 

1909 McQueen, James Physical Instructor (1910) 
Mrs. Miller -Matron (1910) 

Miss Cummines Nurse (1910) 
Britten, Rev. H. (1914) 

1910 Mrs. Mitchell -Violin (1912) 

Stirling, W. E. Physical Instructor (1916) 

Miss A. L. Rigby Matron 

Miss Saunders-Asst. Matron (1917; 1920-1933) 

White, B. C. Physician 

Barker, A. C. (1911) 

Perks, M. C. (1911) 

Wadley, H. W. A. (1911) 

Miss Dore Nurse (1911) 

1911 Bocking, W. R. (1911) 

Miss A. Kent Assistant Matron (1911) 

Gilbert, C. F. L. (1911) 

Hepburn, W. W. (1913) 

Martin, Hilary S. (1913) 

Murray, J. R. C. (1913) 

Savage, C. H. (1913) 

Weitbrecht, F. J. (1923; name changed to Stanton) 

1912 Miss Patteson Asst. Matron 
Patterson, E. C. 


The Rev. F. Graham Orchard, M.A., D.D., 1913-1933 

1913 Mrs. T. H. Shearme (1943) 
Aglionby, A. H. (1914, Housemaster) 
Boulden, the Rev. Canon C. H. (1917; 1919-1932) 
Furnival, A. St. J. (1914; 1918-1924) 

Mrs. Furnival Nurse-Matron 

Geldard, S. (1934, Housemaster) 

Spencer, C. (1914) 

Miss B. S. Symonds Housekeeper (1919; 1927-1934) 

1914 Haines, H. Y. (1914) 
Stanford, L. C. (1918- ) 

1916 Grace, A. Cricket Pro. 
Burdett, Sgt. Major 

1917 DeLorme, C. E. (1918; 1919-1920) 
Tippet, the Rev. R. S. (1933) 

1918 'Heaven, the Rev. C. A. (1919) 

McAndrew, the Rev. W. J. (1919) 

1919 Biggs, the Rev. (1920) 

Miss M. Ancient Housekeeper (1922) 
Miss F. Ancient Secretary (1922) 

1920 Davies, the Rev. J. A. (1921) 
Nash, Edwin Superintendent 
Smith, P. V. (1921) 

Spragge, G. W. (1925) 
Vardon, C. F. (1921) 

1921 Batt, Squadron Leader S. J. (1959) 
*Ketchum, J. D. (1925) 

Morris, A. C. (1955) 

1922 *Ketchum, H. F. (1925; 1927-1929) 

Lewis, P. H. (1965) 

Jones, Sydney Bursar (1924) 

Miss Hughes Housekeeper (1924) 

1923 Gill, N. (1925) 
Ogle, W. M. (1931) 

1924 Goodday, Lt. Col. C. (1933) 
Mrs. Fox Housekeeper (1925) 
Annesley, Capt. J. S. Bursar 

1925 Miss Bowden Housekeeper 

Crookshank, W. S. Organist and Choirmaster (1926) 

1926 Horsley, S. S.- Master and Organist (1927) 
Cummings, R. G. 

Miss M. Morrow Nurse 

1927 Graham, R. T. (1930) 
Gwyn, C. P. (1929) 

Miss D. Newnham Nurse 
McCullough, J. (1929) 
1929 Brown, M. R. (1929) 
Leuty, J. G. 
Coates, R. C. (1931) 
deSlubicki, J. M. (1932) 
Hiscocks, C. R. (1932) 
Morse, E. W. (1933; 1936-1942) 
Wynn, C. N. (1933) 
Brown, M. 


1930 Goodger, J. F. (1932) 
Gordon, C. E. S. (1931) 
Jones, R. S. 
Nicholls, G. (1930) 

Sly, A. B.- Music (1933) 
Stevenson, Lt. Col. K. L. (1937; 1939-1946) 
Mrs. Quayle (1931) 
Rathbun, H. M. Bursar 
Mrs. J. Stanley Wright, Dietitian (1937; 1938-1942; 1947-1949) 

1931 duDomaine, R. L. (1932) 
Evans, E. (1932; 1934-1936) 
Parr, D. K. (1942) 

Miss Turnbull 

1932 Sclater, G. T.-Art (1933; 1934-1937) 

Philip A. C. Ketchum, Esq., MA., B.Paed., LL.D., 1933-1962 

1933 Buckland, George Music and Art (1934) 
Catto, K. A. (1934) 

McKee, John (1934) 

Speechley, W. G. (1936, Housemaster) 

Taylor, the Rev. H. N. Chaplain (1947) 

Yates, R. F. (1941; 1957- ) 

Mrs. G. P. Gibson 

1934 Brack, C. F. (1936; 1937-1940) 
Jefferis, J. D. (1936) 

Scott, C. (1955, Housemaster) 

Miss C. Williamson (Mrs. A. J. D. Johnson) Secretary (1939); 
Secretary T.C.S. Association (1956- ) 

1935 Benson, H.W. -Physician (1936) 

Miss Rhea Fick Nurse (1946; 1947-1949) 
Rigby, Oswald -Bursar (1938) 

1936 Davidson, E. M. (1939) 
Dixon, G. H. (1942) 
Humble, A. H. 

Maier, R. G. S. (1949; Housemaster) 
Glover, R. G. (1942; Housemaster) 
Vivian, R. P. Physician (1943) 
Miss E. M. Smith Matron (1944) 

1937 Schaefer, Carl -Art (1940) 
Miss N. Williams (1938) 
Wilson, David (1938) 

Armstrong, D. H. Gym Instructor 

1938 Peck, C. C. (1939) 

1939 Tottenham, Charles J. 

1940 * Harris, La wren, Jr. -Art (1941) 

Peckham, J. W. (1942) 

1941 Crake, J. E. A. (1942) 

Dann, the Rev. Eyre Chaplain (1944) 
Shearer, I. K. (1942) 
Duggan, W. R. (1942) 
Thow, J. W. (1942) 
Hass, H. C. (1955) 
Jarvis, E. S. (1944) 


1942 Brackenbury, G. L. (1943) 
Hill, G. A. (1945) 
Hodgetts, A. B. 

Miss Jean McClintock Dietitian (1943) 
Molson, W. K. (1945; 1954-1957) 
Forster, M.-Art (1943) 
Snelgrove, A. H. N. (1951) 
Thompson, R. H. (1946) 
Miss Elsie Gregory Secretary (1951) 
Power, George (1943) 

1943 deBury, Col. H. R. V. (1945) 
Gregoris, F. P. (1945) 

Key, A. B. (1954) 

Mrs. J. F. Wilkin- Dietitian (1956) 

Diamond, F. W. Physician (1945) 

1944 Bagley, the Rev. E. R. (1950; Chaplain and Housemaster) 
Dolin, S. J.- Music (1945) 

Gwynne-Timothy, G. R. (1953, Housemaster) 

Meyer, Paul (1945) 

Temple, G. C. Bursar (1948) 

1945 Cram, R. J. (1946) 

Mrs. G. R. Gwynne-Timothy Matron (1946) 
Kirk-wood, W. A. (1946) 
Knight, Arthur (1953) 

*Kerr, James W. (1946; Executive Director, T.C.S. Association 1957- 
McDerment, R. Physician 

1945 Warner, R. G. (1947) 
White, A. E. (1947) 

1946 Dale, G. M. C. (Assistant to the Headmaster) 
Dening, J. E. (1956, Housemaster) 

Miss Hilda Mcllroy- Nurse (1947) 
Miss Edith Wilkin -Matron (1956) 
Rhodes, Neil (1947) 

1947 Bishop, P. R. (Housemaster) 
Hett, A. S. (1948) 

Miss Margaret Ryan Nurse (1951) 

1948 Miss Mary Tinney Assistant to the Bursar (1958) 
Cole.J. W. (1949) 

1949 *Landry, P. C. (1957) 

Taylor, J. W.- Bursar (1958) 

1950 Lawrence, the Rev. Canon C. G. Chaplain (1960) 
Solly-Flood, Peter (1952) 
Robertson-Fortay, C. P. M. (1952) 

1951 Archbold, G. D. (1952) 

Mrs. H. M. Scott Nurse 
Mrs. M. Mulholland Secretary (1957) 
Prower, J. A. M. Music 

1952 Marigold, W. G. (1953) 
Scott, Angus C. 
Willmer, John E. (1953) 

1953 Migotti, L. H. (1954) 
Ratcliffe, A. (1954, Housemaster) 
Shepherd, P. J. (1955) 


1954 *Gaunt, R. H. (1955; 1959-1960) 

Macleod, J. D. (1956) 

Mrs. T. D. McGaw-Art (1957) 

McKenzie, R. N. (1955) 

1955 Brown, J. (1957) 

Corbett, A. D. (1956; 1957- ) 

Dempster, R. N. (1959) 

Gordon, J. G. N. (1961, Housemaster; 1962- ) 
*Lawson, T. W. 

White, J. K. (1960) 

1956 Mrs. E. Clarke -Dietitian (1964) 
Heard, W. A. 

Massey, D. A. (1958) 

McFarlane, P. A. (1957, Executive Assistant) 
Perry, F. A. (1957) 
Wing, D. B. (1964) 

1957 Mrs. N.I. Brazier -Secretary (1959) 
Mrs. R. J. Doggett Secretary 

Kirkpatrick, R. M. 

Dr. Katherine R. Spencer (1958, Remedial Reading) 
Waddington, N. R. (1959) 
Mrs. H. B. Wilson -Matron (1965) 
Wilson, T. A. 

1958 Bakker, B. H. (1959) 
Lindop, J. L. Bursar 
Rowan, D. W. C. (1959) 

1959 Cairns, E. J. (1960) 

O'Brian, P. G. St. G. (1960, Master and Executive Officer) 
Patterson, S. D. (1961) 
Williams, D. J. (1963) 
Miss P. J. Sharpe Secretary 
Mrs. Marion Garland Developmental Reading 

1960 Connell, T. G. (1963, Acting Housemaster) 
Franklin, A. E. 

Gleed, the Rev. K. W. (1962, Chaplain) 
Mawhinney, J. K. (1961) 

1961 Airola, Paavo- Art (1963) 
Goering, J. W. L. 

Hargraft, M. A. (1964, Housemaster) 
Phippen, P. G. (1964) 

Angus C. Scott, Esq., M.A., 1962- 

1962 Goebel, R. K. 

Kiddell, the Rev. K. S. (1964, Chaplain) 

1963 Blackwood, D. L. G. - Art 
Davies, E. G. (1965) 

1964 * Campbell, A. M. 

Jones, G. 

Taylor, J. D. (1965) 

Mrs. J. A. Bradshaw Dietitian 

Baker, the Rev. B. J. Chaplain 

Woods, R. D. B. (1965) 





Stanford, L. C. 1915-1918 

Furnival, A. St. J. 1918-1924 

Boulden, Canon C. H. 1924-1932 

Ogle, W. M. 1932-1935 

Yates, Ralph F. 1935-1941 

Tottenham, Charles J. 1941- 

1914 *McEvoy, Rev. A. N. (1914) 

1917 Morse, W. H. (1939; 1941-1943) 

1918 Miss Stanford Matron 

1919 *Ketchum, J. D. (1920) 

1920 Bickmore, C. A. (1921) 
Bowers, H. (1922) 

Smith, W. H.- Organist (1921) 

1921 Gilson, J. C. (1922) 

1922 James, H. G. (1946) 
*Ketchum, H. F. (1925; 1927-1929) 

1924 Cayley, H. C. (1925) 

Miss E. M. Smith Nurse/Matron (1936) 

1925 *Ketchum, P. A. C. (1927) 

1926 Savory, A. B. (1926) 
Sinclair, D. G. (1927) 

1927 Craig, P. N. Y. (1930) 
Willcox, F. (1929) 

Cohu, Edmund Organist and Choir Master 
1929 "Ketchum, K. G. B. (1932) 

Miss G. Petry Lady Assistant (1931) 
Miss B. S. Symonds Lady Assistant (1934) 
Wynn, C. N. (1932) 

1936 Mrs. W.E.Greene -Matron (1941) 

1937 Mrs. E. M. Davidson (1939) 

1938 Page, W. D. (1940) 

1939 Mrs. L. MacPherson Nurse/Dietitian (1941) 
Brack, C. (1940) 

1940 Edwards, Austin (1942) 
Miss Honor Gibson (1942) 

1941 Mrs. B. S. Poison -Nurse/Matron (1942) 

Mrs. D. M. Crowe Housekeeper/Dietitian (1951) 

1942 Henry, G. (1944) 
Mrs. Cecil Moore 

Mrs. J. Penrose Fitzgerald Nurse/Matron (1943) 

1943 Burns, J. D. 

Mrs. G. Sturgeon Nurse /Matron (1947) 

1944 Morris, D. W. (1953; 1954- ) 
Swallow, H. C. (1945) 

Monks, K. B. (1944) 

1945 Dennys, A. J. R. 

1946 Snelgrove, H. B. (1949) 

1947 Mrs. E. A. Stephenson- Nurse/ Matron (1956) 


1949 Large, F. S. (1950) 

1950 *Cayley, E. C. (1956) 

1951 Mrs. R. W. Howe (1953) 

1953 Hepple, P.d'R. (1954) 

Mrs. A. Ratcliffe Housekeeper (1954) 

1954 Mrs. J. Stanley Wright -Housekeeper (1958) 
1956 *Kingman, A. Jr. (1958) 

Mrs. D. Christie Nurse (1958) 

1958 Mrs. M. Belton Nurse/Matron 

Mrs. F. W. Diamond Housekeeper (1960) 
Cojocar, R. H. (1962) 
Mrs. John Gordon (1960) 

1959 Williams, D. J. (1961) 

1960 Miss Rhea Fick Housekeeper (1964) 

1961 *Godfrey, Paul (1963) 

1962 Anderson, B. G. (1965) 

1963 Walker, M. (1964) 

1964 Hart, S. G. 

Mrs. C. M. Harrison Housekeeper 


Branch Presidents, T.C.S. Old Boys' Association 


1895-1898 E. D. Armour 

1898-1899 The Rev. C. L. Worrell 

1899-1901 Dr. A. J. Johnson 

1901-1904 D. W. Saunders 

1904-1908 D'Arcy Martin 

1908 E. C. Cattanach 

1914-1916 F. G. Osier 

1916-1917 L. H. Clarke 

1917-1918 A. Campbell 

1918-1919 J. G. Smith 

1919-1921 F. Darling 

1921-1922 E. D. Armour 

1922-1924 N. Seagram 

1924-1925 R. C. H. Cassels 

1925-1926 G. B. Stratliy 

1926-1927 F. G. Osier 

1927-1929 P. E. Henderson 

1929-1931 Dr. J. C. Maynard 

1931-1933 Lt. Col. J. W. C. Langmuir 

1933-1934 W.W. Stratton 

1934-1935 G. S. O'Brian 

1935-1936 Canon C. J. S. Stuart 

1936-1937 W. J. Leadbeater 

1937-1938 B. F. Gossage 

1938-1939 W. M. Pearce 

1939-1940 J. W. Seagram 

1940-1941 C. F. W. Burns 

1941-1942 J. W. Kerr, Secretary 

1942-1943 A. M. Bethune, Secretary 




S. B. Saunders 


N. Kingsmill 
G. H. Hees 


N. O. Seagram 
G. L. Boone 


J. G. Spragge 
P. C. Osier 


I. H. Cumberland 


W. R. Duggan 
A. R. Winnett 



G. Coldwell 


E. S. Read (Manitoba) 
J. E. Mathers 
T. Gwyn 
S. P. Cox, Secretary 

British Columbia 


A. E. Jukes 
A. E. Jukes (Vancouver) 
P. DuMoulin 


P. T. Rogers 
H. Brock Smith 


P. DuMoulin, Secretary 
Ross Wilson (Pacific Coast) 
W. E. Burns 



P. DuMoulin 


Grant Minnes 



H. M. Taylor 
H. L. Gray 
C. M. Russel 


R. P. Jellett 
F. S. Mathewson 


S. L. Schofield 


C. M. Russel 


C. A. Q. Bovey 



H. L. Symons 
S. S. DuMoulin 


A. Martin 


J. E. Osborne 
A. S. Ince 


S. B. Saunders 


G. H. Hees 


J. G. Spragge 
N. O. Seagram 
Brig. I. H. Cumberland 



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The Tennis Team, 1959 

Winners of the Little Big Four Championship 

Standing: A. D. Thorn, J. L. G. Richards (Capt.), J. R. Woodcock. 
Kneeling: M. J. Blincow, J. K. Martin. 

The Track Team, 1962 
Hack: K. R. Richmond (Mgr.), B. D. Groves, J. D. Spears, D. J. Price, R. A. Holt, 

R. D. Baird, J. C. Grisdale, L. J. Kenney, S. Grosvenor, M. A. Hargraft, Esq. 
Front: N. P. Trott, W. J. Vernon, L. C. N. Laybourne, R. T. Willis, G. W. Pollock, 

J. D. Newton, B. C. Gibson, A. B. P. DuMoulin. 


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('21 -'25) 
First Chairman of T.C.S. Fund 

R. P. JELLETT ('92-'97) 
"Mr. T.C.S." 


Present Chairman of T.C.S. Fum 

R.C.A.F. Association Award, 1955 

B. M. Osier, Q.C., Chairman of the Governing Body, receives the Air Force 

Association Trophy on behalf of T.C.S. from Air Vice-Marshal G. E. Brookes 

at the annual dinner of the Air Cadet League. 


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Boulden House Pyramid 


The Senior School Library 

Relaxing at the Pat Moss Camp, 1955 


Change of Command, 1962 

Dr. Ketchum Presents the School Key to His Successor, Mr. Angus C. Scott 


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The Traditional Pancake Toss 

First Held in 1914 

The Choir, 1964 




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The Basketball Team, 1961 

Inter-school Champions 
Back: The Headmaster, C. J. Weeks, J. F. James, L. C. N. Laybourne, R. B. 

Henwood, R. T. Willis, W. A. Heard, Esq. 
Front: R. D. Glass, L. N. Chapman, J. J. Kime (Capt.), A. D. Heron, M. C. Hudson. 

The Basketball Team, 1965 

Inter-school Champions 
Back: The Headmaster, M. B. Holton (Mgr.), P. A. Crossley, R. P. Armstrong, 

R. B. Noble, R. E. Harley, W. A. Heard, Esq. 
Front: G. A. Granger, I. G. Robertson, W. J. R. Austin, W. A. Hafner, P. F. Carey, 

E. F. Willis, R. E. DeBoyrie. 

Centennial Gym Display 

Governor General Vanier Takes the Salute 

at the Annual Inspection of the Cadet Corps, 1965 










J. Alden 

J. D. Campbell 

J. E. Lennard 

A. Martin 

S. S. DuMoulin, Secretary 

H. F. Labatt 
A. S. Graydon 
H. F. Labatt 

B. W. Williams 

E. C. Cutler, Secretary 

Brig. B. M. Archibald 

T.C.S. Association 







T. L. Taylor 
C. S. Glassco 
C. M. Brown 
E. J. M. Huycke 
G. N. Fisher 

A. A. Duncanson 
N. M. Seagram 
E. Howard 
E. J. M. Huycke 
T. A. G. Staunton 
D. A. Decker 
R. B. Duggan 
P. L. Gilbert 
J. R. Blaikie 

J. V. Kerrigan 
H. W. Kingston 
I. B. Campbell 
D. N. Byers 
J. P. Turcot 
H. M. M. Lewis 

K. M. Manning 
W. J. A. Toole 
W. H. R. Tanner 



British Columbia 

1956-1957 W. E. Burns 


1957-1959 D. M. MacDonald 

1959-1961 J. E. Usborne 

1961- T. M. Wade 


H. L. Henderson 

United Kingdom 

1956- Brig. B. M. Archibald 




G. E. Pearson 
B. G. Aylen 
J. C. Thompson 
G. E. Pearson 

C. M. Kirk 


1957-1963 H. Brock Smith 

1963-1965 A. D. Massey 

1965- A. A. van Straubenzee 

Central Ontario 

1957-1965 E. M. Parker 

1965-1966 C. S. Campbell 







C. M. Brown 
G. L. Boone, Jr. 
W. A. K. Jenkins 

W. G. Braden 
T. E. Nichols 
J. R. Doolittle 
G. M. Luxton 
D. N. Dawley 

W. B. Dalton 
C. C. M. Baker 
H. D. M. Jemmett 

J. B. Rogers 

J. A. M. Stewart 



Toronto Branch 

1902-1910 Mrs. Edmund Osier 

1910-1916 Mrs. William Ince 

1916-1927 Mrs. Lawrence Baldwin 

1928-1935 Mrs. George Cartwright 

1935-1946 Mrs. Britton Osier 

1946-1949 Mrs. George Kirkpatrick 

1949-1951 Mrs. F. L. J. Grout 

1951-1953 Mrs. B. M. Osier 

1953-1955 Mrs. N. O. Seagram 

1955-1957 Mrs. Arnold Massey 

1958-1960 Mrs. Gaius Thompson 

1960-1962 Mrs. G. A. Burton 

1962-1964 Mrs. M. M. Hart 

1964-1965 Mrs. R. G. Rudolph 

1965- Mrs. John G. Osier 

Port Hope Branch 

1902-1903 Mrs. Herbert Symonds 

1903-1913 Mrs. Oswald Rigby 

1930-1936 Mrs. James Edgar 

1936-1950 Mrs. M. C. Wotherspoon 

1950-1952 Mrs. Greta Whitton 

1952-1956 Mrs. A. C. Morris 

1956-1960 Mrs. A. B. Hodgetts 

1960-1962 Mrs. C. H. Boulden 

1962- Mrs. C. I. Moore 

Montreal Branch 

1944-1945 Mrs. R. P. Jellett 

1945-1946 Mrs. Andrew Fleming 

1946-1947 Mrs. Philip Fisher 

1947-1948 Mrs. Q. C. D. Bovey 

1948-1949 Mrs. Frank S. McGill 

1949-1950 Mrs. W. K. Newcomb 

1950-1951 Mrs. Mostyn Lewis 

1951-1952 Mrs.G. M. Strong 

1952-1953 Mrs. H. S. Bogert 

1953-1954 Mrs. D. A. Maclnnes 

1954-1955 Mrs. John Cape 

1955-1956 Mrs. C. F. Carsley 

1956-1957 Mrs. E. R. Chaffey 

1957-1958 Mrs. G. M. Hyde 

1958-1959 Mrs. J. LeMoine 

1959-1960 Mrs. A. Gordon 

1960-1962 Mrs. W. J. C. Stikeman 

1962-1963 Mrs. C. T. Dupont 

1963- Mrs. Lionel P. Kent 



from the T.C.S. Ladies' Guilds 

A roof for the Nave and Sanctuary. 

The Western Doors. 

Western Stalls and painting of the Walls. 

The Altar and Sanctuary Hangings (Port Hope Branch) 

Gallery Seats and Railings (Port Hope Branch) 

A Carpet for the Sanctuary. 

One of the Windows in the Sanctuary, a memorial to the late 

Mrs. E. B. Osier. 

An Oak Sedilia in memory of the late Mrs. Rigby. 
1922 The lona Cross was placed in the grounds. Two seats were placed 

in the surrounding garden. 
1924-1927 The Masters' Stalls and Panelling of the Chapel were completed 

and three blocks of seats were installed. 
A Priedieu (Mrs. R. C. H. Cassels) 
Two Clergy Stalls and Canopies (Mrs. Ince, Miss Mary Campbell) . 

The above-named gifts and memorials, with the exception of the 

Memorial Cross, were destroyed in the fire which occurred on 

March 3, 1928. 
1928 Furnishing of Masters' Common Room (Mrs. Gordon Osier, Mrs. 

Britton Osier) . 
1930 The Decoration and completion of furnishing of the Temporary 

Chapel was carried out. 
The Panelling of the Guild Room. 
1931-1933 Painting of Chapel. 

Lettering of Honour Roll in Dining Hall (1945). 

1934 Cassocks for Choir. 
Painting of Chapel. 

1935 Two Fair Linen. 
Pad for Chapel Rug. 

1936 Repairing Altar Cross. 
Surplices for Choir. 

1937 Grant to Chapel Fund. 
1939 Redecoration of Chapel. 

Four Cassocks for Choir. 

1941 Helen Matthews Somerville Bursary (1957). 
Furniture for Hospital Sunroom (Mrs. John Langmuir). 
Leopard skin for drum of the Band (Dr. Agnes White). 

1942 Cassocks and Surplices. 

1944 Dudley Dawson Bursary (given annually). 

1945 Framing of photographs of Old Boys killed on Active Service. 
Two sets of Altar Linen. 

Credence cloth and Purificator. 
Set of Altar Linen (Mrs. Kirkpatrick). 

1947 Donation to War Memorial Fund for new Chapel. 

Art Prizes (1948). 
Altar Frontal and Markers. 
Picture to Junior School (Mrs. Fraser Coate). 



1951 Dorsal Curtain, Frontal and Altar Linen. 

1952 White Frontals. 

A Communion Office Book. 

1953 Kneelers and Cushions. 

1956 Psalters re-covered in red leather with the School Crest in gold. 

1957 Hymn Books re-covered in red leather. 

1958 Coats of Arms of Archbishop Renison of Moosonee and Bishop 

Broughall of Niagara installed in the Memorial Chapel. 

1959 Coats of Arms of Archbishop Worrell of Nova Scotia, Primate of 

Canada and Bishop Brent of Western New York and the Philip- 
pines carved for the Memorial Chapel. 
Altar Cloth (Mrs. L. C. Smith). 

1960 New Psalters and Hymnals in red leather with School Crest. 

1961 Ciborium for the Chapel (Port Hope Guild). 

Coats of Arms of Rt. Rev. Bishop C. P. Anderson of Diocese of 
Chicago and Rt. Rev. Frank DuMoulin, Coadjutor Bishop, 
Diocese of Ohio, installed in the Memorial Chapel. 

1962 Six kneelers worked in needlepoint. 

1963 Frescoes of the twelve disciples on the walls of the Memorial Chapel 

(Mr. and Mrs. Geoffrey Phipps). 
Donation to the School by the Montreal Guild in honour of Dr. 

Ketchum on his retirement in 1962. 
1965 Painting of the Ceiling of the Sanctuary, with the Apostles' Beasts. 

Principal's Chair for Boulden House (Port Hope Branch). 

Other gifts to the School include the furnishings of the Guild Room, the Masters' 
Common Rooms in the Senior School and Boulden House, and the Boys' Common 
Rooms, Library Books and Records, and very valuable Bursary Assistance. 



1866 W. Osier 

1867 J. A. Worrell 

1868 J. A. Worrell 

1869 H. J. Scott 

1870 C. L. Worrell 

1871 H. J. Campbell 

1872 H. J. Campbell 

1873 J. A. Houston 

1874 C. L. Ingles 

1875 A. L. Parker 

1876 A. Allen 

1877 W. M. Cruttenden 

1878 A. Lampman 

1879 A. Lampman 

1880 G. H. Broughall 

1881 N. F. Davidson 

1882 E. C. Cayley 

1883 W. A. H. Lewin 

1884 J. S. Broughall 

1885 A. C. M. Bedford-Jones 

1886 H. H. Bedford-Jones 

1887 W. H. White 

1888 A. F. R. Martin 

1889 A. F. R. Martin 

1890 W. E. Tucker 

1891 J. G. Browne 

1892 R. J. Renison 

1893 H. F. Hamilton 

1894 H. F. Hamilton 

1895 S. B. Lucas 

1896 S. B. Lucas 

1897 G. B. Strathy 

1898 F. T. Lucas 

1899 F. T. Lucas 

1900 F. N. Creighton 

1901 C. Farncomb 

1902 R. S. Smith 

1903 M. deG. Boyd 



1904 G. D. Rhodes 

1905 V. C. Spencer 

1906 T. W. Allen 

1907 E. O. Wheeler 
AEQ J.S.Willis 

1908 E. J. V. Pinkham 

1909 M. F. Wilkes 

1910 J. D. Ketchum 

1911 G. W. Spragge 
AEQ C. K. C. Martin 

1912 G. S. O'Brian 

1913 M. C. deB. Young 

1914 M. H. Bird 

1915 M. H. McLachlin 

1916 H. Grayson-Smith 

1917 H. Grayson-Smith 

1918 R. Ryrie 

1919 H. H. Petry 

1920 T. C. B. DeLom 

1921 A. B. Robertson 

1922 H. G. Montgomery 

1923 B. M. Archibald 

1924 R. G. Ray 
AEQ N. E. Phipps 

1925 N. E. Phipps 

1926 G. S. Cartwright 

1927 F. R. Stone 

1928 R. P. Howard 

1929 D. N. Byers 
AEQ R. P. Howard 

1930 D. N. Byers 

1931 T. P. Moss 
AEQ R. M. Powell 

1932 R. A. Patch 

1933 L. M. K. Reed 

1934 G. H. K. Strathy 

1935 E. D. K. Martin 

1936 G. T. Lucas 

1937 H. H. Hyndman 

1938 J. R. C. Cartwright 

1939 S. J. Cartwright 

1940 K. G. Phin 

1941 P. D. Hare 

1942 J. B. I. Sutherland 

1943 J. R. Del Rio 

1944 A. E. Millward 

1945 P. C. Dobell 

1946 G. N. Fisher 
AEQ W. J. A. Toole 

1947 J. P. Williamson 

1948 J. P. Williamson 

1949 C. M. Taylor 

1950 J. A. L. Gordon 

1951 C. P. R. L. Slater 

1952 R. J. Anderson 

1953 J. A. Cran 

1953 J. Polak 

1954 R. F. van der Zwaan 

1955 E. H. ten Broek 

1956 N. Steinmetz 

1957 D. M. C. Sutton 

1958 E. J. D. Ketchum 

1959 R. B. Hodgetts 

1960 A. G. Wakefield 

1960 P. S. Phillips 

1961 N. S. Dafoe 

1961 A. D. Heron 

1962 C. L. F. Watchorn 

1963 M. E. K. Moffatt 

1964 C. D. P. George 
AEQ D. R. Lindop 

1965 D. P. Martin 



1929 G. S. Cartwright 

1929 L. C. Bonnycastle 

1934 C. C. Eberts 

1947 J. A. Paterson 

1949 H. C. Butterfield 


W. M. Cox 
R. L. Watts 

C. M. Taylor 

D. C. McDonald 
R. C. S. Walker 



Trinity College and the University of Toronto 

W. Nichols 1865 

W. Nichols 1866 

A. Jarvis 1867 

W. Osier 1867 

W. C. Allen 1869 

E. D. Armour 1869 

J. A. Worrell 1869 

C. L. Worrell 1870 

C. Logan 1870 

J. A. Worrell 1870 

W. C. Allen 1870 

S. Macklem 1871 

C. Logan 1871 

C. L. Worrell 1871 

W. C. Allen 1871 

A. Elliott 1872 

H. J. Campbell 1872 

C. Logan 1872 

S. Macklem 1872 

C. L. Worrell 1872 

W. C. Allen 1872 

J. A. Houston 1873 

A. Elliott 1873 

H. J. Campbell 1873 

J. A. Houston 1874 

A. Elliott 1874 

H. J. Campbell 1874 

C. L. Ingles 1874 

P. A. E. Irving 1874 

J. A. Houston 1875 

C. L. Ingles 1875 

A. L. Parker 1875 

C. L. Ingles 1876 

A. L. Parker 1876 

J. T. Lewis 1876 

A. Allen 1876 

A. J. Belt 1876 

J. T. Lewis 1877 

A. L. Parker 1877 

A. Allen 1877 

A. J. Belt 1877 

W. M. Cruttenden 1877 

H. L. Ingles 1877 

C. L. Ingles 1877 

A. Allen 1878 

W. M. Cruttenden 1878 

A. J. Belt 1878 

H. L. Ingles 1878 

A. L. Parker 1878 

R. N. Jones 1878 

W. M. Cruttenden 1879 
R. N. Jones 1879 
A. Allen 1879 
A. Lampman 1879 
J. C. Davidson 1879 
A. Lampman 1880 
R. N. Jones 1880 
J. C. Davidson 1880 
G. H. Broughall 1880 
S. D. Hague 1880 
A. Lampman 1881 
G. H. Broughall 1881 
N. F. Davidson 1881 
C. H. Brent 1881 
J. F. Durable 1881 
S. D. Hague 1881 
J. F. Durable 1882 
N. F. Davidson 1882 
E. C. Cayley 1882 
S. D. Hague 1882 
J. F. Durable 1883 
N. F. Davidson 1883 
E. C. Cayley 1883 
W. J. Rogers 1883 
W. A. H. Lewin 1883 
J. S. Broughall 1884 
W. A. H. Lewin 1884 
E. C. Cayley 1884 
M. A. Mackenzie 1884 

C. J. Loewen 1884 
J. S. Broughall 1885 
M. A. Mackenzie 1885 

A. C. M. Bedford-Jones 1885 

W. M. Loucks 1885 

W. M. Loucks 1886 

J. S. Broughall 1886 

M. A. Mackenzie 1886 

H. H. Bedford-Jones 1886 

J. G. Smith 1886 

T. S. Farncomb 1887 

G. H. P. Grout 1887 

W. H. White 1887 

J. S. Broughall 1887 

H. H. Bedford- Jones 1888 

W. H. White 1888 

J. H. Ince 1888 

A. F. R. Martin 1888 

W. H. White 1889 

R. H. Locke 1893 

D. M. Rogers 1893 (2) 



J. G. Browne 1894 
C. A. Heaven 1894 
C. A. Heaven 1895 
L. W. B. Broughall 1896 
J. M. Baldwin 1896 (2) 
G. B. Strathy 1897 (2) 
A. S. B. Lucas 1897 
J. M. Baldwin 1897 
A. S. B. Lucas 1899 
G. B. Strathy 1899 
R. V. Harris 1900 
A. D. Armour 1900 
C. C. Robinson 1901 
F. C. Farncomb 1901 

F. N. Creighton 1902 
C. C. Robinson 1902 (2) 
C. C. Robinson 1903 

H. R. Mockridge 1904 
C. C. Robinson 1904 

(Prince of Wales) 
J. S. Willis 1907 

(Edward Blake) 
H. Grayson-Smith 1917 

(Edward Blake) 
J. F. Davidson 1917 (2) 
T. C. B. DeLom 1920 
N. E. Phipps 1925 

(Edward Blake) 
E. D. K. Martin 1935 

G. H. K. Strathy 1936 
(Edward Blake) 

G. H. K. Strathy 1936 

(2nd Edward Blake) 
G. H. K. Strathy 1936 
G. H. K. Strathy 1937 
Winnett Boyd 1937 
J. R. C. Cartwright 1938 

(Edward Blake) 
Winnett Boyd 1938 
J. R. C. Cartwright 1938 

(2nd Edward Blake) 
J. R. C. Cartwright 1938 
A. E. Millward 1945 

(Edward Blake) 
A. E. Millward 1945 

(Prince of Wales) 
A. E. Millward 1945 (3) 
A. E. Millward 1946 
P. C. Dobell 1946 
A. E. Millward 1947 (2) 
N. R. Paterson 1949 
G. A. H. Pearson 1950 
R. L. Watts 1950 (2) 
J. P. Williamson 1950 

(Edward Blake) 

J. P. Williamson 1950 
N. R. Paterson 1950 
J. N. Matthews 1950 
J. M. Armour 1950 
P. H. R. Alley 1951 

D. H. E. Cross 1951 
R. J. Anderson 1952 
R. J. Anderson 1953 (2) 
P. G. C. Ketchum 1953 
H. S. B. Symons 1953 

J. A. Cran 1957 

S. van E. Irwin 1958 

E. J. D. Ketchum 1959 
S. van E. Irwin 1960 
E. J. D. Ketchum 1963 

C. J. Tottenham 1964 

Queen's University 
A. J. Macdonell 1883 
G. H. Broughall 1883 
E. C. Cayley 1886 

D. C. Nickle 1920 
M. Reford 1945 

J. B. S. Southey 1946 

K. C. Lambert 1947 

G. L. Tracy 1947 

D. J. Delahaye 1949 

D. J. Emery 1951 

G. V. Vallance 1952 

J. R. dej. Jackson 1953 (2) 

P. F. Tuer 1955 

H. M. Scott 1956 

P. F. M. Saegert 1956 

H. M. Scott 1957 

H. M. Scott 1958 

H. M. Scott 1960 

R. B. Hodgetts 1960 

R. B. Hodgetts 1961 

R. B. Hodgetts 1962 

A. D. Heron 1962 (2) 

T. M. Eadie 1962 

R. B. Hodgetts 1963 

H. M. Scott 1964 

McGill University 

W. S. Bowles 1925 

J. R. del Rio 1944 

D. E. Banks 1949 

C. P. R. L. Slater 1951 

J. D. Ross 1951 

C. P. R. L. Slater 1952 

R. M. L. Heenan 1956 

Nicholas Steinmetz 1958 

Nicholas Steinmetz 1959 

Nicholas Steinmetz 1960 



Charles E. Chaffey 1960 
Ross K. Adair 1960 
R. C. S. Walker 1960 (2) 
R. C. S. Walker 1961 
V. M. Prager 1962 (2) 
R. C. S. Walker 1962 
J. C. Stikeman 1962 
R. C. S. Walker 1963 
C. L. F. Watchorn 1963 

Bishop's University 

H. J. Scott 1934 

C. D. Maclnnes 1956 

The Royal Military College 
P. S. Osier 1937 

Royal Roads 

C. M. Seymour 1950 

Dominion Cadetships 
J. D. Prentice 1948 
Andrew Croll 1950 
J. D. MacGregor 1951 

University of Western Ontario 
P. C. Stratford 1946 

D. J. Emery 1949 
Christopher Crowe 1956 
D. D. McGregor 1956 
T. I. A. Allen 1963 

R. G. Atkey 1965 (3) 

University of British Columbia 
G. J. D. E. Archbold 1950 (2) 
D. J. A. Fitzgerald 1959 
William S. Ince 1962 

University of Manitoba 
C. S. Campbell 1947 
R. A. Bonnycastle 1957 

University of Alberta 
Neil S. Harvie 1950 
W. W. Winspear 1951 
Eric C. Elliot 1961 

Carleton University 
D. G. Shewell 1962 

Trent University 
D. M. S. Greer 1965 
A. N. Robinson 1965 

Harvard University 
A. E. Millward 1948 
J. P. Williamson 1953 
W. D. Herridge 1953 
H. G. Watts 1956 
C. P. R. L. Slater 1957 
P. A. Creery 1959 

Princeton University 
H. G. Watts 1952 

Oxford University 
C. M. Taylor 1956 

Cornell University 

C. D. Maclnnes 1960 

Cambridge University 
H. S. B. Symons 1955 

Sword of Honour 

D. S. Maclnnes 1889 

(The Royal Military College) 
J. A. Stairs 1896 

(The Royal Military College) 

E. O. Wheeler 1910 

(The Royal Military College) 
R. M. Powell 1935 

J. D. Prentice 1950 

(Royal Roads) 



Brian M. Archibald 1929 (Cambridge) 

Martin F. Young 1946 (Cambridge) 

H. Alastair Lamb 1947 (Cambridge) 

A. E. Millward 1947 (Harvard) 

G. L. Tracy 1949 (French Government) 

W. N. Greer 1950 (Chicago) 

Philip C. Stratford 1950 (Western) 

Hugh McLennan 1950 (National Research Council) 

C. J. Bermingham 1951 (Queen's) 
E. C. Cayley 1951 (McGill) 

G. D. Archbold 1951 (University of Cincinnati) 

R. G. H. Orchard 1952 (Canadian Government) 

Norman R. Paterson 1955 (University of Toronto) 

Hugh McLennan 1957 (N.R.C.) 

P. G. C. Ketchum 1958 (Institute of Citizenship) 

N. M. Seagram 1958 (Athlone) 

J. R. dej. Jackson 1958 (Queen's) 

E. P. Muntz 1959 (University of Toronto) 

R. L. Watts 1959 (Queen's) 

M. A. Hargraft 1959 (University of Toronto) 

Philip C. Stratford 1960 (Western) 

D. J. A. Fitzgerald 1960 (Harvard) 
C. P. R. L. Slater 1960 (Harvard) 

C. P. R. L. Slater 1961 (Harvard) 
J. R. dej. Jackson 1961 (Princeton) 

J. R. dej. Jackson 1961 (Commonwealth) 

M. C. dePentier 1961 (University of Michigan) 

M. J. Tamplin 1962 (Woodrow Wilson) 

Dr. Wilfred Palmer 1962 (Canadian Heart Foundation) 

Colin H. H. McNairn 1963 (Western) 

Dr. H. M. Scott 1963 (Royal Victoria Hospital) 

M. G. G. Thompson 1963 (University of Toronto) 

M. L. G. Joy 1963 (Ontario Government) 

D. M. Wood 1963 (N.R.C.) 

C. P. R. L. Slater 1963 (Rockefeller) 

M. J. Tamplin 1963 (University of London) 

J. R. M. Gordon 1963 (Ford Foundation) 

R. B. Hodgetts 1963 (Yale) 

J. R. M. Gordon 1964 (Ford Foundation) 

Stephen van E. Irwin 1964 (Royal Institute of British Architects) 

E. J. D. Ketchum 1964 (Woodrow Wilson) 
Charles E. Chaffey 1964 (N.R.C.) 

F. B. E. Saksena 1964 (University of Chicago) 

H. M. Scott 1964 (Canadian Medical Research Council) 

H. M. Scott 1964 (Osier Scholar) 

C. J. English 1965 (University of Toronto) 

J. P. Howe 1965 (Ontario Graduate Fellowship) 

E. J. D. Ketchum 1965 (London School of Economics) 

R. G. Atkey 1965 (Western) 

Seventy-one boys have won dosed scholarships which include the Rev F. A. 
Bethune Scholarship, the Professor William Jones Scholarship, the Pat Strathy 
Memorial Scholarship, all tenable at Trinity College, and the Richardson Memorial 
Scholarship, tenable at Queen's University. 






indicates Head 


*H. J. Campbell 
H. Meredith 



*C. L. Ingles 
*A. L. Parker 



*A. Allan 



G. R. Coldwell 



D. W. Saunders 



D. O. R. Jones 
S. D. Hague 
A. B. Stennett 



*E. C. Cayley 
H. B. Lewis 



S. C. Peck 



W. M. Loucks 



D. R. C. Martin 



F. G. B. Allan 



W. C. R. Graham 



M. S. McCarthy 
G. S. Wilkes 



P. C. H. Papps 
L. M. Lyon 
*H. F. Hamilton 



E. P. S. Spencer 
W. A. Baldwin 



G. R. Hindes 



G. R. Hindes 



H. L. Plummer 



F. T. Lucas 



H. R. Mockridge 
F. H. McPherson 



G. C. Hale 



*G. D. Rhodes 



N. B. Robinson 



R. W. Digby 
*E. O. Wheeler 



A. B. Wilkes 



P. B. Harris 



G. F. Laing 
R. O. Hinckley 
C. C. Patterson 



*M. C. deB. Young 
G. K. Mackendrick 



H. C. Pullen 



G. Cruickshank 



A. C. Dunbar 



E. S. Clarke 



D. E. Cumberland 



H. C. Cayley 
R. Wilson 



*H. G. Montgomery 
G. S. Osier 


Boy also) 

G. P. Schofield 

N. Kingsmill 
*G. S. Cartwright 
*F. R. Stone 

C. M. Russel 
G. H. Johnson 
G. S. Elliot 

J. E. McMullen 
P. R. Usborne 
S. H. Ambrose 

F. E. Wigle 

W. T. Whitehead 

D. H. Wigle 
C. J. Seagram 
C. J. Seagram 
J. W. Kerr 

G. E. Renison 
J. A. Warburton 
J. W. C. Langmuir 
R. B. Duggan 

A. B. C. German 

C. S. Campbell 

E. M. Parker 

E. J. M. Huycke 
E. Howard 
E. McC. Sinclair 
W. J. Brewer 
R. H. Gaunt 
N. F. Thompson 

B. W. Little 
I. B. Bruce 
H. G. Watts 

J. R. M. Gordon 
A. J. B. Higgins 

D. S. Osier 
H. M. Burns 

A. M. Campbell 

C. H. S. Dunbar 

D. E. Cape 
R. T. Hall 
A. B. Lash 

S. A. W. Shier 
D. W. Knight 
D. R. Cooper 
W. D. L. Bowen 
J. St. G. O'Brian 
J. U. Bayly 
J. A. B. Callum 
G. M. Westinghouse 
*D. P. Martin 




1865-66 A. J. Johnson 1877-78 

W. Osier 

L. K. Jones 
1866-67 W. Osier 

R. I. Wilson 

L. K. Jones 

F. J. Helliwell 
A. Jarvis 

J. A. Worrell 1878-79 

1867-68 H. Taylor 

E. D. Armour 

E. Poole 
1868-69 E. J. Rogers 

J. F. Wilson 1879-80 

A. B. Chaffee 
1869-70 - 
1870-71 H. J. Campbell 

S. Macklem 

M. Boyd 
1871-72 P. Perry 

A. Elliott 1880-81 

J. W. Barker 
1872-73 J. C. Yarker 

C. L. Ingles 

R. B. Rogers 

G. T. Marks 

W. A. Read 1881-82 

J. A. Houston 
1873-74 G. D. Perry 

H. E. Wise 

H. C. Freer 

E. R. Rogers 

E. D. Adams 

M. S. Van Koughnet 

A. L. Parker 1882-83 

A. Allen 
1874-75 J. Scott Howard 

R. T. Floyd 

A. J. Belt 

J. Elliott 

H. Abbott 
1875-76 R. W. Travers 

C. E. Wood 

G. R. Cold-well 1883-84 

R. J. Moore 

J. C. Ingles 
1876-77 H. C. Coxe 

H. L. Ingles 

W. M. Cruttenden 

D. M. Howard 

C. E. Freer 
W. L. Roberts 

B. C. Moore 
W. G. Hinds 
A. J. Fidler 
A. Lampman 

D. W. Saunders 

D. O. R. Jones 
P. J. Strathy 

W. J. Bedford-Jones 
H. H. Bradfield 
J. C. Davidson 

E. C. Cayley 
A. B. Stennett 
S. D. Hague 

G. H. Broughall 
J. H. Pettit 
H. H. Wootton 
A. E. Abbott 
J. E. Fidler 
H. K. Merritt 
J. R. Logan 

F. B. Hill 

C. H. Brent 
S. Farrar 

H. J. Bethune 
C. N. Perry 
A. C. Macdonell 
A. C. Allan 
W. F. Coy 
W. J. Rogers 

G. J. Leggatt 
R. S. Morris 
C. S. Allan 
C. I. Christie 
W. H. Lewin 

H. O. Tremayne 

F. H. Lauder 
H. B. Lewis 
H. P. Leader 
H. S. Patton 
R. E. Walker 

A. C. McN. Bedford-Jones 
J. S. Broughall 

G. E. Powell 
C. J. Loewen 
W. M. Loucks 
G. A. Cosens 



S. C. Peck 

M. A. Mackenzie 

E. W. Congdon 
1884-85 E. L. Cox 

W. H. Cooper 

W. J. Gilbert 

K. H. Cameron 

A. T. Ogilvie 
1885-86 F. G. B. Allan 

H. H. Bedford-Jones 

K. H. Cameron 

H. S. Congdon 1891-92 

D'A. R. C. Martin 

J. Mattocks 

E. A. Mulligan 

J. G. Smith 

L. T. W. Williams 
1886-87 F. G. B. Allan 

W. R. Boulton 

W. C. R. Graham 

G. H. P. Grout 

A. T. Kirkpatrick 1892-93 

J. Mattocks 

D. S. McCarthy 
J. A. Van Etten 
W. H. White 

1887-88 E. C. Cattanach 

E. B. Daykin 
R. A. Downey 

F. DuMoulin 

W. C. R. Graham 

D. S. McCarthy 
H. E. Price 

R. H. C. Pringle 
1888-89 J. J. P. Armstrong 1893-94 

G. M. Bedford-Jones 

E. C. Cattanach 
E. B. Daykin 

J. H. Ince 

A. F. R. Martin 

M. S. McCarthy 

D. W. Ogilvie 
W. E. Tucker 

1889-90 C. G. Barker 

E. C. Cattanach 1894-95 
S. H. Coen 

E. B. Daykin 
H. G. Kingstone 
M. S. McCarthy 
D. W. Ogilvie 
C. D. Parfitt 
R. Sweny 

W. E. Tucker 1895-96 

1890-91 C. G. Barker 

R. Boucher 
T. Daunais 
W. R. Ferguson 
G. L. Francis 
W. C. Ghent 
H. C. Harrison 
D. W. Ogilvie 
H. C. Osborne 

F. G. Osier 
W. E. Tucker 

G. S. Wilkes 
J. G. Browne 

S. H. Cartwright 
G. L. Francis 
T. H. Jones 
M. G. Lottridge 
H. C. Osborne 
F. G. Osier 
P. C. H. Papps 

D. McG. Rogers 
C. S. Wilkie 

E. Andrewes 

L. W. B. Broughall 

J. S. Cartwright 

S. H. Cartwright 

T. H. Jones 

R. H. Locke 

M. G. Lottridge 

L. M. Lyon 

H. Morris 

E. S. Senkler 

H. H. Syer 

J. R. H. Warren 

C. S. Wilkie 

C. M. Baldwin 

L. W. B. Broughall 

H. F. Hamilton 

J. H. Haydon 

H. E. James 

C. Newbold Jones 

E. W. Loscombe 

E. S. Senkler 

J. R. H. Warren 

F. T. Woolverton 

B. B. O. Francis 
W. W. Francis 

C. W. Gamble 
H. E. James 

C. Newbold Jones 
T. W. B. Marling 
E. P. S. Spencer 
P. B. Tucker 
W. A. Baldwin 
S. S. DuMoulin 









S. B. Lucas 

F. D. Macfie 

H. S. MacGregor 
A. L. Palmer 
S. S. DuMoulin 
E. G. Hampson 

G. R. Hindes 
S. B. Lucas 

R. E. MacGregor 
A. Morrow 
G. B. Strathy 
J. M. Syer 
G. St. G. Baldwin 
C. E. Duggan 
E. A. Hammond 
G. R. Hindes 
R. J. McLaren 
G. H. Cassels 
W. S. Darling 
T. W. G. Greey 

E. A. Hammond 
R. V. Harris 

G. R. Hindes 

F. T. Lucas 

M. V. Plummer 
H. L. Plummer 
K. A. Ramsay 
L. M. Rathbun 
W. H. B. Bevan 
T. W. G. Greey 
F. T. Lucas 
F. G. McLaren 
H. R. Mockridge 
A. E. Piercy 
M. V. Plummer 
P. W. Plummer 
K. A. Ramsay 
L. M. Rathbun 
W. H. B. Bevan 

F. G. McLaren 
H. R. Mockridge 
A. E. Piercy 

L. M. Rathbun 
P. W. Plummer 
W. H. B. Bevan 
W. S. Curry 
P. H. Gordon 

G. C. Hale 

H. R. Langslow 
P. W. Plummer 
G. C. Hale 

F. H. McPherson 
S. A. Paschal 

G. U. A. Chowne 

W. G. Hagarty 
G. D. Rhodes 
M. J. Mason 

1903-04 F. H. McPherson 
G. D. Rhodes 
R. M. Bethune 
F. D. M. Hammond 
A. Kern 
H. O. Lawson 
W. V. Carey 
H. A. Lumsden 
K. M. Holcroft 

1904-05 W. V. Carey 
V. C. Spencer 
H. B. Daw 
A. A. Colledge 
E. R. Rathbone 
T. D. Hubbard 
N. B. Robinson 

1905-06 E. N. L. Reid 
J. A. Mackenzie 
H. H. Vernon 
A. J. Johnson 
R. W. D. Digby 
R. A. Stone 
E. A. Hetherington 
A. O. Meredith 

1906-07 A. O. Meredith 

T. Eardley-Wilmot 

A. Campbell 

E. O. Wheeler 

A. W. Langmuir 

P. F. Daw 

A. S. C. Rogers 

W. C. Ince 

E. F. J. V. Pinkham 

F. S. Mathewson 
1907-08 E. F. J. V. Pinkham 

A. B. Wilkes 

K. S. Drummond 
J. C. Maynard 

B. A. Rhodes 
W. L. Taylor 
P. B. Harris 
R. Gray 

J. M. K. Reid 
1908-09 J. C. Maynard 
B. A. Rhodes 
W. L. Taylor 
P. B. Harris 
J. M. K. Reid 

G. C. Campbell 
K. W. Edmiston 
G. G. Ross 



G. I. Drummond 
A. L. Dempster 
W. T. Watts 
R. C. Dempster 
C. E. F. Ambery 
A. D. C. Martin 
1909-10 C. B. Cockburn 
G. F. Laing 

E. I. H. Ings 
A. S. Ince 

J. A. Ross 

F. G. Carswell 
1910-11 J. A. Ross 

S. F. Fisken 
E. O. C. Martin 
E. Ryrie 
N. H. Macaulay 
R. O. Hinckley 

G. W. Spragge 
J. A. Dennistoun 

1911-12 S. F. Fisken 

H. V. LeMesurier 
H. L. Symons 
J. R. Dennistoun 
G. S. Tucker 
C. C. Patterson 
A. A. H. Vernon 
G. K. Mackendrick 

1912-13 A. A. H. Vernon 

G. K. Mackendrick 
M. C. deB. Young 
J. C. Waller 
C. P. Burgess 

1913-14 G. K. Mackendrick 
M. H. Bird 
T. R. Cook 
T. B. Saunders 

1914-15 W. S. Hogg 
H. C. Pullen 
P. B. Greey 
H. Moore 

1915-16 G. Cruickshank 
J. S. Taylor 
J. H. Morris 
W. E. Vibert 

1916-17 M. R. H. Garnett 
E. S. Clarke 
A. C. Dunbar 
D'A. A. C. Martin 
L. E. Roche 

1917-18 E. S. Clarke 
S. E. Harper 
W. A. M. Howard 
R. Ryrie 

1918-19 F. L. J. Grout 

V. W. Bradburn 
D. E. Cumberland 
H. C. Cayley 
F. A. M. Smith 
W. R. G. Ray 
S. B. B. Saunders 
J. C. Anderson 
C. S. Greaves 
C. E. F. Jones 
F. L. Sjostrom 
H. H. Petry 

1919-20 H. C. Cayley 

F. A. M. Smith 
S. B. B. Saunders 

1920-21 R. Wilson 

A. B. Robertson 
V. B. Merrill 
R. B. Wilson 
H. R. Turner 

1921-22 H. G. Montgomery 
R. K. Cruickshank 

G. S. Osier 

R. D. Mulholland 

1922-23 G. S. Osier 

M. Y. Cameron 
G. B. L. Smith 

1923-24 G. P. Scholfield 
J. G. Hyland 
C. F. W. Burns 
J. G. Spragge 

1924-25 C. F. W. Burns 
N. E. Phipps 
H. F. Jeffrey 
W. D. Lyon 
W. D. Boulton 
K. A. Bibby 
G. S. Cartwright 

1925-26 G. S. Cartwright 
J. G. King 
N. O. Seagram 
J. W. Hewitt 
C. S. Glassco 

1926-27 F. R. Stone 
T. G. Fyshe 
H. T. Biggar 
J. S. D. Thompson 
S. D. Lazier 
W. L. Beatty 
P. S. Stevenson 
J. D. Campbell 
G. R. Dulmage 
C. F. Gwyn 
C. M. Russel 


1927-28 J. S. D. Thompson 

C. M. Russel 

S. L. B. Martin 
G. H. Johnson 
G. B. Somers 

1928-29 G. H. Johnson 
R. M. L. Mudge 
R. P. Howard 

D. W. McLaren 
T. E. Nichol 
D. K. Cassels 
G. B. Wily 

1929-30 G. S. Elliot 

J. E. T. McMullen 
D. N. Byers 

1930-31 P. R. Usborne 
J. A. Irvine 
S. H. Ambrose 
D. B. Dawson 
T. D. Archibald 

D. H. Neville 
1931-32 S. H. Ambrose 

L. Cowperthwaite 
F. E. Wigle 
C. B. Ross 
H. B. Savage 

1932-33 W. T. Whitehead 
R. H. J. Newman 

E. W. Robson 

C. C. Padley 

D. H. Wigle 
P. S. Osier 

1933-34 D. H. Wigle 
W. B. Reid 
W. M. Vaughan 
I. S. Waldie 
P. J. Ambrose 

1934-35 F. E. Cochran 
M. B. Allan 
J. B. A. Fleming 
J. D. Armstrong 

C. J. Seagram 
1935-36 C. J. Seagram 

F. M. Gibson 

H. L. Henderson 
J. W. Kerr 
P. A. McFarlane 
1936-37 J. W. Kerr 

D. H. Armstrong 
W. A. Black 

C. R. Osier 

G. E. Renison 
B. S. Russel 
F. G. McLaren 

A. R. McLernon 
W. Mood 

1937-38 G. E. Renison 
W. Mood 
D. G. Partridge 

D. M. Irwin 

J. W. F. Peacock 
J. C. McCullough 
P. M. Russel 
A. S. Fleming 
1938-39 J. A. Warburton 
T. B. Seagram 
J. W. C. Langmuir 
H. Russel 

E. W. Taylor 

J. A. G. Wallace 
H. J. Kirkpatrick 
E C. Cayley 

1939-40 J. W. C. Langmuir 
H. J. S. Pearson 
J. F. M. Higginbotham 
H. C. McAvity 
M. G. Mackenzie 
D. E. P. Armour 
R. B. Duggan 

1940-41 R. B. Duggan 
A. R. C. Jones 
C. I. P. Tate 
L. J. Holton 
J. W. Duncanson 
W. R. Duggan 
C. M. Somerville 

A. B. C. German 
W. R. Berkinshaw 

1941-42 A. B. C. German 
J. R. LeMesurier 
W. R. Fleming 
C. S. Campbell 
S. N. Lambert 
W. B. Svenningson 

1942-43 C. S. Campbell 
S. N. Lambert 
K. A. C. Scott 

B. P. Hayes 
E M. Parker 

R. G. W. Goodall 

F. A. M. Huycke 
J. W. L. Goering 
J. R. Del Rio 

R. A. R. Dewar 
1943-44 E. M. Parker 
P. E. Britton 
J. M. Holton 
J. A. Beament 



J. B. S. Southey 

C. A. Q. Bovey 
R. V. LeSueur 
R. G. Keyes 

D. M. Saunderson 

D. W. Morgan 
G. H. Curtis 

E. J. M. Huycke 
R. T. Morris 

I. C. Stewart 

D. A. Walker 

C. A. Laing 

J. L. MacLaren 
R. A. Wisener 
A. S. Milholland 
1944-45 E. J. M. Huycke 
P. C. Dobell 
H. C. D. Cox 

E. Howard 
J. M. Irwin 
H. French 

E. M. Sinclair 
G. P. Vernon 
G. A. H. Pearson 
T. M. Wade 
J. R. McMurrich 
1945-46 E. Howard 

E. McC. Sinclair 
J. R. McMurrich 
T M. Wade 

F. A. H. Greenwood 

D. A. Decker 
P. L. Gilbert 
J. G. Gibson 

R. M. Kirkpatrick 
W. G. Phippen 
J. C. Barber 

F. J. Main 
W. J. Brewer 
A. M. Austin 

G. N. Fisher 
1946-47 W. J. Brewer 

H. A. Hyde 
I. B. Campbell 
W. N. Conyers 
J. B. French 
T. W. Lawson 
R. S. Jarvis 
G. A. Payne 
W. A. Curtis 
1947-48 R H. Gaunt 
R. L. Watts 
M. F. McDowell 

S. B. Bruce 
H. P. Goodbody 
J. P. Williamson 
I. F. H. Rogers 
D. A. H. Snowdon 
R. S. Carson 
T. M. H. Hall 
J. N. Hughes 

1948-49 N. F. Thompson 
J. J. M. Paterson 
D. R. Byers 
G. K. Stratford 

C. M. Taylor 
M. J. Dignam 
J. W. Austin 

D. Y. Bogue 

J. D. de Pencier 
D. V. Deverall 
R. D. Fullerton 
1949-50 B. W. Little 

D. I. F. Lawson 

D. E. J. Greenwood 
A. G. T. Hughes 

A. O. Aitken 
M. J. Cox 
R. N. Timmins 
I. B. Bruce 
J. A. Palmer 
1950-51 I B. Bruce 

E. B. Newcomb 
R. T. Cooper 

D. A. P. Smith 

P. G. C. Ketchum 
C. P. R. L. Slater 
K. H. Wright 
K. G. Marshall 
R. R. Robertson 
C. P. B. Taylor 
P. G. Martin 
R. T. C. Humphreys 
J. D. MacGregor 
J. E. Emery 
W. O. N. Cooper 
1951-52 R. M. McDerment 
H. G. Watts 
H. D. B. Clark 
J. D. Crawford 
N. M. Seagram 
G. S. Currie 

E. P. Muntz 
J. A. Dolph 
T. D. Wilding 
J. D. Hylton 

H. F. Walker 



R. W. LeVan 
R. J. Anderson 
A. O. Hendrie 

C. A. Woolley 
1952-53 J. R. M. Gordon 

R. M. L. Heenan 

D. S. Colbourne 

C. E. S. Ryley 
M. C. de Pencier 
R. S. Arnold 

J. C. Bonnycastle 
J. E. Yale 

E. A. Day 

R. H. McCaughey 
J. A. Brown 
J. A. Board 
J. C. Cowan 
J. A. Cran 

1953-54 A. J. B. Higgins 
R. W. Johnson 

F. B. C. Tice 

J. B. W. Cumberland 

J. D. Seagram 

A. C. Brewer 

J. R. S. Ryley 

P. W. A. Davison 

M. H. Higgins 

H. L. Ross 

D. M. Willoughby 

C. H. Scott 

P. J. P. Burns 
1954-55 D. S. Osier 

J. A. C. Ketchum 
A. D. Donald 
R. I. K. Young 
P. F. M. Saegert 
A. D. Massey 
K. F. Newland 
J. F. Christie 
T. R. Carsley 

D. I. Goodman 
J. P. Giffen 
H. M. Scott 

E. H. ten Broek 
A. K. R. Martin 
P. M. Spicer 

W. W. Trowsdale 
1955-56 H. M. Burns 

A. M. Campbell 
D. A. Drummond 
D. L. C. Dunlap 
R. K. Ferric 
W. A. H. Hyland 
W. A. K. Jenkins 

E. A. Long 
D. S. Caryer 

A. A. Nanton 
R. G. Seagram 
K. A. Blake 

P. J. Budge 

C. H. S. Dunbar 
R. T. Hall 

T. J. Ham 
J. E. Little 
M. A. Meighen 
I. S. M. Mitchell 

B. M. C. Overboil 
N. Steinmetz 

J. A. H. Vernon 

B. G. Wells 
A. R. Winnett 

1956-57 C. H. S. Dunbar 
R. T. Hall 

D. E. Cape 

W. I. C. Binnie 

C. J. English 

C. H. H. McNairn 
W. R. Porritt 

T. I. A. Allen 
R. A. Armstrong 
T. R. Derry 
T. P. Hamilton 
P. B. M. Hyde 
A. M. Minard 
S. A. H. Saunders 

E. S. Stephenson 

D. M. C. Sutton 
1957-58 A. B. Lash 

S. A. W. Shier 
P. A. Allen 
R. S. Hart 
J. T. Kennish 
G. J. McKnight 
K. B. Scott 
R. P. Smith 
H. B. Bowen 

D. B. Farnsworth 
T. D. Higgins 

E. J. D. Ketchum 
D. C. Marett 

R. T. Newland 

F. P. Stephenson 

M. G. G. Thompson 
1958-59 D. W. Knight 
J. H. Hyland 
P. G. Barbour 

G. M. Black 

J. McC. Braden 



R. B. Hodgetts 
J. B. Jamieson 

B. O. Mockridge 

C. P. Shirriff 

A. O. D. Willows 

D. G. P. Butler 
J. D. Connell 

R. S. Bannerman 
M. G. S. Denny 
P. W. Dick 
H. S. D. Paisley 
G. M. Thomson 
1959-60 W. A. Pearce 

C. D. Hyde 
R. G. Atkey 
W. L. Cowen 
G. K. Cooper 

N. F. J. Ketchum 
J. L. G. Richards 
A. G. Shorto 
P. G. Chubb 

D. H. Doyle 

L. P. Dumbrille 
W. R. Eakin 
P. J. Paterson 

C. J. Tottenham 
M. A. Turner 

J. A. H. Vanstone 
A. G. WakeBeld 
S. R. Wilson 
J. R. Yates 
1960-61 D. R. Cooper 

D. G. Shewell 
M. J. Blincow 

C. B. Glassco 
W. F. Hassel 
P. S. Phillips 
W. M. Warner 
J. A. Burton 

D. P. Day 
A. D. Heron 
J. J. Kime 
R. R. Stone 

J. C. Stikeman 

A. B. Wainwright 
1961-62 W. D. L. Bowen 

J. St. G. O'Brian 

R. D. Glass 

L. C. N. Laybourne 

B. R. B. L. Magee 

R. T. Willis 

E. E. Zuill 

J. G. Arnold 

W. E. Jackson 

J. A. B. MacDonald 

E. A. Neal 

D. Phipps 

C. L. F. Watchorn 
J. M. Worrall 

1962-63 /. U. Bayly 

J. A. B. Callum 
A. B. P. DuMoulin 
S. M. Robertson 
A. F. Ross 

E. D. Winder 
R. F. Ellis 

R. H. Gibson 

G. R. Gray 

R. B. L. Henderson 

D. C. Hugill 
D. R. Martin 
J. D. Newton 
R. M. Seagram 

1963-64 G. M. Westinghouse 
R. J. Tittemore 
P. S. Boultbee 

A. M. Cowie 
W. J. Dunlop 
P. B. O'Brian 

B. T. Reid 
J. R. Grynoch 

C. H. Harrington 
R. H. McLaren 
A. A. Steele 

G. A. Wardman 
1964-65 D. P. Martin 

R.A.G. MacNab 
R. K. Arnold 
P. F. Carey 
J. M. Esdaile 
J. R. C. Irvine 
A. C. Wright 
W. J. R. Austin 
T. G. Bata 
R. S. Glassco 
R. L. Harvey 

D. G. Hassel 

A. D. Robertson 
S. G. Smith 
D. M. Wells 




1884 W. H. Cooper 
J. G. Wells 
K. H. Cameron 

1886 W. R. Boulton 

1887 R. A. Downey 

1888 G. Ince 

1889 M. C. McCarthy 

1890 C. G. Barker 

1891 J. J. Keyes 

1892 D. F. Campbell 
E. F. Seagram 

1893 T. H. Cowdry 

1894 B. B. O. Francis 

1895 W. T. Renison 

1896 H. S. MacGregor 

1897 E. G. Hampson 

1898 E. A. Hammond 

1899 S. R. Saunders 
A. T. Fuller 

1900 P. H. Gordon 

1901 P. H. Gordon 

1902 W. G. Hagarty 

1903 W. G. Hagarty 

1904 F. D. M. Hammond 

1905 F. D. M. Hammond 

1906 A. Campbell 

1907 A. Campbell 

1908 G. C. Campbell 

1909 J. C. Maynard 

1910 E. O. C. Martin 

1911 E.G. C.Martin 

1912 H. L. Symons 

1913 W. W. Stratton 

1914 K. Aylen 

1915 G. A. Thetford 

1916 J. S. Taylor 

1917 L. D. Croll 

1918 L. D. Croll 

1919 D. E. Cumberland 

1920 G. M. D. Foster 

1921 R. Wilson 

1922 R. D. Mulholland 

1923 G. S. Reycraft 

1924 J. G. Hyland 

1925 C. F. W. Burns 

1926 N. O. Seagram 

1927 C. F. Gwyn 

1928 D. K. Cassels 

J. S. D. Thompson 


G. S. Elliot 


G. S. Elliot 



J. A. Irvine 
T. L. Taylor 
J. O. Combe 
C. C. Padley 
P. J. Ambrose 
J. W. Kerr 
C. J. Seagram 
J. W. Kerr 
D. M. Irwin 


J. A. Warburton 
C. M. Somerville 


A. R. C. Jones 
J. R. LeMesurier 
J. W. L. Goering 
E. M. Parker 


E. J. M. Huycke 
E. M. Sinclair 


W. J. Brewer 
R. H. Gaunt 


N. F. Thompson 
M. J. Cox 
S. B. Bruce 


R. McDerment 


J. R. M. Gordon 
A. C. Brewer 


R. W. Johnson 
H. M. Burns 


H. M. Burns 


C. H. S. Dunbar 

R. T. Hall 


F. P. Stephenson 
D. W. Knight 
J. L. G. Richards 
W. M. Warner 


W. D. L. Bowen 


S. M. Robertson 


R. H. McLaren 


R. A. G. MacNab 

Triple Captains 

1922-23 G. S. Osier 





C. F. W. Burns 
W. R. Duggan 
R. M. McDerment 
R. A. G. MacNab 




1941 W. R. Duggan 

1942 J. R. LeMesurier 

1943 S. N. Lambert 

1944 E. M. Parker 

1945 E. J. M. Huycke 

1946 E. M. Sinclair 

1947 W. J. Brewer 

1948 R. H. Gaunt 

1949 N. F. Thompson 

1950 M. J. Cox 

1951 K. H. Wright 

1952 R. M. McDerment 

1953 J. R. M. Gordon 


A. C. Brewer 

D. S. Osier 

A. M. Campbell 

C. H. S. Dunbar 
A. B. Lash 

D. W. Knight 
J. C. Piper 
D. R. Cooper 
W. D. L. Bowen 
R. J. Burns 

R. A. G. MacNab 
R. A. G. MacNab 





R. V. LeSueur 
E. M. Sinclair 
E. Howard 
J. R. McMurrich 
H. A. Hyde 
R. L. Watts 

D. R. Byers 
I. B. Bruce 

E. B. Neivcomb 
H. D. B. Clark 
R. M. L. Heenan 
J. D. Seagram 

1955 J. A. C. Ketchum 

1956 R. K. Ferric 

1957 C. J. English 

1958 R. P. Smith 

1959 R. B. Hodgetts 

1960 J. A. H. Vanstone 

1961 D. G. Shewell 

1962 E. E. E. Zuill 

1963 A. B. P. DuMoulin 

1964 P. B. O'Brian 

1965 R. K. Arnold 




The Oxford Challenge Cup was presented in 1896 by four Old Boys then at 
Oxford J. G. Browne, O. L. Bickford, W. R. Dibb, and H. F. Hamilton to en- 
courage running and assist football training. It has been competed for annually 
since then by teams of five from each House. The following are the best times 
recorded for the 4.2 mile course: J. O. Combe in 1930, 22:32; A. McN. Austin in 
1945, 23:56; and T. Coldwell in 1911, 24:12. The traditional course was shortened 
in 1925 but revived in 1930. 

1896 S. K. Street 1930 

1897 Not listed 1931 

1898 E. A. Hammond 1932 

1899 T. D. Garvey 1933 

1900 W. S. Kersteman 1934 

1901 P. H. Gordon 1935 

1902 F. D. Hammond 1936 

1903 F. D. Hammond 1937 

1904 J. A. Mackenzie 1938 

1905 A. Campbell 1939 

1906 Not run 1940 

1907 Not run 1941 

1908 E. I. H. Ings 1942 

1909 T. Coldwell 1943 

1910 T. Coldwell 1944 

1911 T. Coldwell 1945 

1912 J. H. Morris 1946 

1913 F. W. Morris 1947 

1914 J. R. H. Coldwell (May) 1948 
W. M.Wigle (December) 1949 

1915 L. F. Bonnell 1950 

1916 L. D. Croll 1951 

1917 L. D. Croll 1952 

1918 C. E. N. Kaulbach 1953 

1919 G. M. D. Foster 1954 

1920 Not run 1955 

1921 F. B. Barrow 1956 

1922 R. M. Gow 1957 

1923 J. G. Spragge 1958 

1924 L. N. Gill 1959 

1925 D. K. Cassels 1960 

1926 C. F. Gwyn 1961 

1927 G. S. Elliot 1962 

1928 T. H. Usborne 1963 

1929 T. D. Archibald 1964 

J. O. Combe 
J. O. Combe 
G. B. Knox 
P. J. Ambrose 
B. S. Russel 
E. C. Buck 
B. S. Russel 
J. S. Hayes 
P. J. Giffen 

B. D. Stokes 
J. C. Cawley 
J. L. Goering 
J. H. Gray 

N. V. Chapman 

H. C. Cox 

A. Me. N. Austin 

H. C. Cox 

W. I. K. Drynan 

K. A. W. Martin 

J. D. MacGregor 

J. A. Dolph 

D. M. Willoughby 

D. M. Willoughby 

H. D. M. Jemmett 

J. A. C. Ketchum 

R. G. Seagram 

R. S. Hart 

R. S. Hart 

C. G. W. Nichols 

D. F. Ball 
D. P. Day 
T. C. Powell 
P. S. Boultbee 
P. S. Boultbee 
R. P. Armstrong 




Year Football 

1902 U.C.C. 

1903 Ridley 

1904 U.C.C. 

1905 Ridley 

1906 Ridley 

1907 S.A.C. 

1908 T.C.S. 

1909 SA.C. 

1910 T.C.S. 

1911 T.C.S. 

1912 Ridley 

1913 SA.C. 

1914 SA.C. 

1915 S.A.C./Ridley 

1916 Ridley 

1917 U.C.C. 

1918 (influenza) 

1919 Ridley 

1920 U.C.C. 

1921 SA.C. 

1922 Ridley 

1923 SA.C. 

1924 U.C.C. 

1925 S.A.C. 

1926 SA.C. 

1927 Ridley 

1928 (polio) 

1929 Ridley 

1930 Ridley/SA.C./T.C.S. 

1931 Ridley 

1932 U.C.C. 

1933 Ridley 

1934 T.C.S. 

1935 Ridley 

1936 Ridley 

1937 Ridley 

1938 Ridley 

1939 S.A.C. 

1940 Ridley 

1941 Ridley 














































































T.C.S./ Ridley 








































T.C.S./ U.C.C. 




















S.A.C./ Ridley 




















































A. J. Johnson 
J. B. Johnson 
A. W. Johnson 
E. W. Musson 


A. A. Musson 



F. Whitney 
A. H. H. Price 


S. Carruthers 


W. M. Nicols 


E. Whitaker 


J. G. Greey 
F. J. Helliwell 
R. Helliwell 


H. A. Jukes 
A. E. Jukes 
J. W. Fraser 
F. Darling 
W. H. Meritt 


A. F. McCuaig 
A. H. Holland 


L. K. Jones 
J. Conron 
P. Perry 
H. R. Boulton 


V. Webb 


F. Fraser 


W. Osier 


R. J. Wilson 
R. M. Anderson 


W. Anderson 


R. Anderson 



M. S. VanKoughnet 
H. J. Campbell 
T. D. Groves 


J. P. Egleston 
T. W. Read 


W. M. Read 


R. C. Greenham 


W. H. Greenham 


C. Hardinge 
W. Crowe 


J. Jones 
T. S. Jarvis 
F. W. Robarts 


J. A. Worrell 
A. Jarvis 
G. Crawford 


R. P. Palmer 


H. B. S. Palmer 

50. J. H. Paterson 

51. J. F. Wilson 

52. E. J. Rogers 

53. P. Low 

54. W. Low 

55. A. R. Beck 

56. S. Macklem 

57. W. A. Phipps 

58. G. Sherwood 

59. W. H. Perram 

60. H. T. Perram 

61. C. Cayley 

62. T. S. Gore 

63. C. C. Turner 

64. F. L. Swan 

65. E. Price 

66. H. J. Taylor 

67. C. S. Wallis 

68. R. O. Cooper 

69. W. Brunskill 

70. A. B. Chaffee 

71. F. Jones 

72. A. Ford 

73. E. C. Jones 

74. C. T. Cox 

75. C. N. Gill 

76. B. LeG. N. Sisson 

77. F. W. Fernet 

78. C. T. Whitney 

79. W. R. D. Sutherland 

80. G. W. A. Geddes 

81. W. I. Jarvis 

82. J. G. Worts 

83. T. W. Worts 

84. A. P. Rowland 

85. W. S. Giffbrd 

86. D. D. Cameron 

87. H. Helliwell 

88. F. S. Gifford 

89. E. D. Armour 

90. C. J. Logan 

91. G. C. Rogers 

92. S. G. Armour 

93. M. Boyd 

94. E. Poole 

95. A. Jukes 

96. E. G. Burke 

97. J. Paulding 

98. Mills 

99. W. J. Scott 




H. J. Scott 
W. Bletcher 
S. Edsall 
J. E. Smart 
J. Henderson 
W. S. Jones 
R. M. Robertson 
W. A. Eraser 
W. Gilbert 
H. Meredith 
H. Brown 
W. C. Allen 
G. C. Read 
F. T. Sibley 
E. Mackenzie 
H. S. Bethune 

116. H. S. Sibley 

117. H.Clarke 

118. P. Norcock 

119. A. Norcock 

120. R. C. Miller 

121. J. C. Badgley 

122. G. D. Perry 

123. G. Cumming 

124. F. W. Macqueen 

125. J. A. J. MacDonald 

126. W. DeBlaquiere 

127. G. S. Hubbell 

128. W. Hubbell 

129. J. A. L. Waddell 

130. H. K. Wicksteed 

131. J. M. Morison 

132. C. L. Worrell 

133. W. B. Stennett 

134. R. Harison 

135. B. Harison 

136. J. Harison 

137. E. H. Price 

138. F. G. Smith 

139. T. Harthill 

140. E. N. Stotesbury 

141. E. H. Stotesbury 

142. E. Burton 

143. C. J. Rose 

144. J. Dunsford 

145. J. Wallis 

146. J. Coxworthy 

147. C. Angell 

148. Young 

149. J. H. Sorley 

150. J. S. Sorley 

151. J. H. Worthington 

152. H. E. Wise 

153. A. Bredin 

154. F. Hall 

155. M. D. M. Baldwin 

156. C. L. Ingles 

157. A. Bennetts 

158. S. Bennetts 

159. H. Kersteman 

160. A. H. H. Price 

161. P. A. Irving 

162. G. Lasher 

163. H. C. Freer 

164. R. B. Rogers 



E. Hilton 

C. A. Howard 
J. S. Howard 
A. W. Gourlay 
C. H. dementi 
C. E. Day 
W. A. Shortt 
G. P. Jones 
J. S. C. Ironside 
G. Hope 
H. Smart 
P. Armstrong 
H. B. S. Palmer 
G. A. Dennistoun 

F. S. Wilcox 
H. R. Winans 
C. F. Winans 
C. G. Campbell 
R. W. Travers 
S. Edsall 

E. R. Rogers 
W. S. Jones 

A. H. Van Straubenzee 

F. C. Campbell 
A. F. Campbell 
H. G. Macklem 
L. C. Macklem 

F. A. Hilton 
R. T. Floyd 

G. T. Marks 
J. H. Vincent 
G. T. Vincent 



197. A. Elliott 

198. C. E. Armstrong 

199. C. M. McCuaig 

200. J. W. Barker 

201. H. McBrien 

202. W. P. Shaw 

203. W. W. Hall 

204. F. H. Smith 

205. J. E. H. Harding 

206. G. H. Jarvis 

207. A. H. Campbell 

208. W. A. Read 

209. E. F. Egleston 

210. C. A. Lindsay 

211. P. K. Lindsay 

212. L. M. F. Whitehead 

213. T. H. N. Landor 

214. G. Hilliard 

215. A. H. Macdonald 

216. W. Ince 

217. G. Laduc 

218. C. S. Wallace 

219. W. T. Newman 

220. D. S. Wallbridge 

221. E. D. Adams 

222. M. Garrett 

223. J. R. Hager 

224. E. Evatt 

225. L. H. Baldwin 

226. W. A. Fraser 

227. W. F. Rivers 

228. F. G. Lewin 

229. M. S. VanKoughnet 

230. W. S. Edwards 

231. F. T. Worts 

232. W. L. H. Clarke 

233. R. A. Hoskins 

234. F. H. Hoskins 

235. J. R. Clare 

236. D. M. Howard 

237. F. Jones 

238. C. A. Smith 

239. P. H. Grant 

240. F. W. Grant 

241. J. P. G. Hagaman 

242. F. C. Moffatt 

243. C. E. Freer 

244. J. A. Houston 

245. C. S. Cook 

246. J. L. Barnum 

247. D. O. R. Jones 

248. A. E. Osier 

249. H. P. Thompson 

250. W. R. P. Strange 


A. L. Parker 
W. F. Cooper 
J. W. Hunter 
W. C. Crowther 
W. T. Bridges 
W. E. Saunders 
L. G. Cassels 
C. P. Ogden 
W. A. Spratt 

C. Fairbanks 
J. L. Fyffe 
W. S. Burn 
H. V. Taylor 
H. Taylor 
G. K. Boyd 

J. W. G. Boyd 
A. G. Gamble 
R. W. Ambrose 
F. D. Rose 
A. E. Hewett 
H. C. Aylwin 
W. H. Fry 
A. Farncomb 
W. L. Roberts 
H. K. Stewart 

F. A. Christopher 

G. E. Bower 
T. Carrie 
N. G. Hugel 

G. B. Borradaile 

D. J. Barker 
C. E. D. Wood 
R. Cumming 
A. Allen 

H. Baker 
H. L. Parnell 
T. A. Pitts 
C. H. Irving 
W. J. Sutton 
R. J. McGuin 
R. H. Fortye 
W. B. Machin 

E. C. Cayley 
W. Campbell 
C. G. Ross 

A. B. Stennett 
T. Davis 

R. C. Howell 
G. S. Thomson 
W. C. Thomson 

C. S. Parsons 
G. R. Coldwell 

D. Mclnnes 

B. S. Mclnnes 




D. W. Mclnnes 



L. N. Swinyard 



S. D. Hague 



A. J. Rogers 



W. T. C. Boyd 



A. J. Belt 



F. Rowland 



E. A. Howland 



A. W. Stewart 



H. J. Bethune 



R. F. Bryan 



J. Elliott 



H. P. Robarts 



W. R. Jarvis 



C. D. Jarvis 



J. S. Gibb 



J. G. Gibb 



A. St. C. Gibb 



W. H. Longley 



H. E. Clarke 



J. O. Macrae 



J. T. Lewis 



T. W. Grant 



H. Abbott 



J. H. Cooper 



A. E. Lauder 



F. H. Lauder 



R. J. Moore 



P. J. Strathy 



A. B. Lee 



G. M. Bidwill 



C. H. Wallace 



S. S. Wallace 



F. G. Napier 



B. C. Moore 



D. P. Clark 



G. Hall 



H. C. Everdell 



F. F. Miles 



E. B. Jarvis 



P. Jarvis 



L. G. Phelps 



H. Turner 



F. C. Hime 



V. E. Bayly 



C. A. Douglas 



F. J. Gribble 



H. G. Ross 



H. J. Langstaff 



B. W. Van Straubenzee 



W. G. Hinds 



R. H. LaBatt 



J. W. B. Topp 



F. D. Moore 


J. W. F. Hudson 

K. Cameron 

H. C. Coxe 

R. E. Birdsall 

J. C. Ingles 

H. L. Ingles 

J. J. Wilson 

H. H. Mclnnes 

P. J. Horrocks 

W. J. Bedford Jones 

W. B. Foster 

C. H. Thompson 

L. D. Ross 

G. W. Allan 

C. B. M. Murray 

G. H. Broughall 

A. J. Fidler 

J. E. Fidler 

C. E. Roach 

J. H. Mulock 

W. M. Cruttenden 

0. F. Macdonald 
A. V. S. Williams 
G. H. M. Baker 
W. F. Moffett 

1. N. Palmer 
R. A. Routh 
P. B. Taylor 
A. Lampinan 
W. E. Austin 

J. H. O. Marling 

L. S. Langstaff 

A. G. Nicol 

A. E. Lewis 

G. S. Rose 

J. J. Godfrey 

W. T. W. Mockridge 

C. E. M. Hodge 

G. M. Kirkpatrick 

F. R. Perry 

C. N. Perry 

F. S. Simpson 

H. Cole 

R. A. Fessenden 

H. Lewis 

H. E. Webb 

W. S. Clouston 

F. Hague 

H. H. Fauquier 

J. E. Horsman 

J. L.apJ. Aldwell 

J. R. B. Holbrook 

C. E. Holbrook 

A. C. Macdonell 



413. J. C. Johns 

414. K. F. R. Rodenstein 

415. S. M. Henderson 

416. W. D. Thompson 

417. W. S. Thompson 

418. B. S. Wood 

419. G. B. Mowry 

420. R. W. Franklin 

421. J. C. O'Neill 

422. J. E. Armstrong 

423. E. G. Nesbitt 

424. W. B. Smith 

425. G. Griffin 

426. W. F. Sowden 

427. A. S. Campbell 

428. W. L. Morkill 

429. J. G. Reward 

430. H. H. Bradfield 

431. D. W. Saunders 

432. T. B. Montgomery 

433. A. H. E. Grant 

434. T. R. P. Power 

435. V. Robin 

436. C. S. Allan 

437. A. C. Allan 

438. H. B. Schofield 

439. E. S. Bell 

440. P. P. Cole 

441. R. D. Cole 

442. C. Gamon 

443. P. J. Bourchier 

444. J. F. Bumble 

445. H. M. Howard 

446. W. Woodward 

447. G. S. Worsley 

448. E. O. V. Hewett 

449. A. M. Cayley 

450. J. A. Gunn 

451. W. E. Read 

452. R. Davidson 

453. L. S. Macdougall 

454. J. G. Christie 

455. C. T. Christie 

456. W. A. H. Lewin 

457. H. W. Rowan 

458. J. H. Pettit 

459. R. R. Ogilby 

460. J. C. Davidson 

461. R. B. Holland 

462. P. Thompson 

463. C. Thompson 

464. R. N. Jones 

465. A. C. F. Boulton 

466. C. C. Ambery 

467. H. N. Moody 

468. A. R. W. Moody 

469. W. M. Gooch 

470. M. J. Adamson 

471. S. G. Fuller 

472. T. H. Fuller 

473. H. S. Boys 

474. J. H. Schofield 

475. L. T. W. Williams 

476. J. F. Preston 

477. A. B. Mackay 

478. J. D. Law 

479. J. C. Blake 

480. F. W. Thomas 

481. A. E. Budge 

482. A. L. Noble 

483. E. W. Gaudrie 

484. F. Ingersoll 

485. F. H. Gooch 

486. H. O. Tremayne 

487. E. Bayly 

488. E. W. Strathy 

489. W. I. Scott 

490. E. F. Ambery 

491. J. Ince 

492. J. A. Porter 

493. S. B. Corby 

494. A. A. M. S. Adamson 

495. E. K. C. Martin 

496. A. E. S. Martin 

497. D. A. Jones 

498. R. S. Morris 

499. A. H. O'Brien 

500. J. F. C. Calcutt 

501. H. H. Wootton 

502. C. A. Bogert 

503. E. H. Greene 

504. P. T. Greene 

505. W. Clark 

506. E. K. Robertson 

507. H. L. Peiler 

508. A. J. Macdonell 

509. W. E. Hyndman 

510. B. C. Holmes 

511. J. Morris 

512. P. E. W. MacAdam 

513. S. C. Huff 

514. H. J. Billings 

515. C. C. Van Straubenzee 

516. F. H. Wolcott 

517. H. M. Yerington 

518. J. A. Yerington 

519. F. A. Pasmore 

520. L. M. Ogilvy 




A. E. Abbott 


E. H. Britton 


J. C. Fitzgerald 
J. H. Sinclair 
J. W. B. Walsh 
H. A. H. Thomson 


H. N. Rose 


E. M. Pousett 


T. T. Aldwell 


W. E. Ellis 


W. E. Pasmore 


R. S. Cox 


E. L. Cox 


W. Osburn 


A. B. Rogers 
W. J. Rogers 
C. H. Brent 


S. Farrar 


C. A. L. Grant 


E. W. S. Miles 


J. I. Farlinger 
A. C. M. Jones 
P. E. S. Cooper 
H. B. Lewis 


T. S. Arnton 


H. P. Leader 


J. T. Pinkerton 
J. Hargraft 
C. M. Richardson 


S. C. Calvin 


W. L. Machell 


F. B. Emery 
A. W. Mason 


W. R. Houston 


C. C. Billings 
G. J. Leggatt 
C. A. C. Bruce 


W. E. Middleton 


E. L. Middleton 


A. M. Cowie 


H. E. Strathy 
J. S. Broughall 
G. B. Patteson 


C. W. H. Sanders 


J. A. Ritchie 
D. D. Ferguson 
W. P. Brown 


J. H. Brien 
M. Morris 


R. M. Hamilton 


W. W. Jones 




W. B. Scarnell 

E. H. Parker 
J. H. Macnee 
W. F. Coy 

W. S. J. Douglass 

F. W. Kane 
H. B. Allen 
H. K. Merritt 
J. R. Logan 

G. A. L. Greene 
N. F. Davidson 

E. H. Bickford 

F. B. Hill 

F. G. Kirkpatrick 
A. T. Kirkpatrick 
W. K. Y. Macaulay 
W. C. C. Logan 
H. W. Beatty 
H. A. L. Reid 
F. W. Lamplough 
J. Irwin 
N. L. Hogan 

F. H. Osburn 

E. B. Loucks 
D. L. McCarthy 
W. H. Cooper 
O. Plunkett 

R. M. Hannaford 
H. W. Graham 
C. F. Bullen 
H. E. MacFarlane 
W. A. Forbes 
R. Osburn 
W. A. Ward 

G. E. Powell 
C. J. Loewen 
H. F. Loewen 
W. H. Langley 
A. E. Radcliff 
A. A. Jones 

D'A. R. C. Martin 
W. M. Loucks 
C. F. Calcutt 
J. W. Ambery 
W. H. Boughton 
T. R. E. Mclnnes 

F. W. Broughall 
C. Dorr 

C. W. Beatty 




C. B. Robin 



R. S. Waldron 



F. A. Lount 



C. J. Catto 
C. A. Burritt 



H. A. Morrow 



G. E. Watchorn 



J. Blackburn 
A. R. Ramsay 
A. E. Williamson 



F. W. H. Postlethwaite 



G. Boyd 
L. Boyd 
W. H. White 



J. P. Amy 
C. W. Gilmour 



L. L. McMurray 
R. S. Cassels 



G. A. Cosens 



R. J. Gilbert 
W. J. Gilbert 
J. F. Wells 
H. M. Shaw 



H. F. Boultbee 



T. K. Moffett 



W. C. Thomson 



F. G. B. Allan 



K. H. Cameron 



E. A. Campbell 
A. S. Blackburn 



G. S. Gill 



H. S. Patton 



C. F. Jones 
W. T. Lawless 



J. P. Hunter 
J. Mattocks 
W. Fanner 



S. C. Peck 



F. W. Kennedy 
D. G. Henderson 



W. S. Dickson 



W. S. Smith 



R. E. Walker 



C. Walker 



C. H. Fitton 



J. Garrett 
A. Garrett 



C. P. Anderson 



H. G. Leslie 



H. E. 0. Bull 



R. Cassels 



R. E. Orde 



L. T. W. Williams 



L. B. Howland 


G. H. Barnard 
T. H. Lumsden 
W. F. McLaren 
W. B. Blackburn 

C. Burn 

A. C. Arnold 

D. H. Adamson 
A. W. Lee 

H. F. G. Owen 
W. J. Baker 
C. A. Temple 

E. M. Sanders 

C. H. Sanders 
A. E. Wilson 

F. B. Wilson 
W. H. Smith 
A. W. Clark 
H. Creasor 

G. C. Wiggins 
W. H. C. Kenney 
W. J. Peter 

H. R. Peter 

J. A. W. Laird 

A. Driscoll 

M. A. Mackenzie 

H. B. Mackenzie 

J. W. Chadwick 

T. G. Wells 

G. J. Ross 

H. H. Bedford-Jones 

J. A. White 

W. H. Smith 

A. G. A. Fletcher 

A. K. Shorey 

M. H. Jones 

H. Cameron 

D. E. Cameron 

W. M. P. Whitehead 
L. H. Boswell 

E. W. Congdon 
H. S. Congdon 

D. F. Jones 

R. G. W. Dalton 
J. McC. J. Potts 
J. Bower 
W. A. Bower 
W. J. Douglas 
A. T. Ogilvie 
P. W. W. Bell 

E. S. Read 
H. Read 

W. J. L. Milligan 

F. W. Cowan 
J. G. Smith 

3 o8 


729. J. W. S. Clarke 

730. C. B. Morgan 

731. T. S. Morgan 

732. C. L. Marks 

733. J. A. Van Etten 

734. C. L. Hervey 

735. L. H. Grahame 

736. E. E. Newman 

737. G. C. Wilmot 

738. E. M. Morris 

739. A. F. R. Martin 

740. F. Harding 

741. C. B. Archibald 

742. D'A. E. Strickland 

743. G. Reid 

744. D. F. Tufts 

745. A. H. Walker 

746. G. G. Duncan 

747. F. D. T. Leys 

748. A. Moore 

749. H. A. Minchin 

750. G. P. Simpson 

751. G. A. Lockhart 

752. W. H. Scarth 

753. M. B. Scarth 

754. J. H. Ince 

755. C. G. Barker 

756. E. C. Wragge 

757. H. L. Broughall 

758. H. Baird 

759. G. A. Ball 

760. R. D. Jackson 

761. D. A. Jackson 

762. A. N. Gibb 

763. G. M. Bedford-Jones 

764. A. E. Austin 

765. H. F. S. Strickland 

766. W. E. Cutten 

767. A. W. Cutten 

768. C. G. D. S. Booth 

769. D. S. McCarthy 

770. M. S. McCarthy 

771. F. S. Nordheimer 

772. J. D'A. Boulton 

773. J. O. Fletcher 

774. D. P. Cottingham 

775. R. E. T. Pringle 

776. F. H. Dowding 

777. R. H. C. Pringle 

778. G. H. P. Grout 

779. H. E. Price 

780. E. F. Doutre 

781. G. V. Birrell 

782. J. G. Browne 

783. H. D. Symmes 

784. B. H. Ardagh 

785. H. H. Johnstone 

786. H. C. Eddis 

787. F. A. Wise 

788. E. A. Mulligan 

789. G. G. Strickland 

790. O. L. Bickford 

791. J. J. T. Macklem 

792. W. R. Ferguson 

793. E. C. Complin 

794. A. M. Tuck 

795. T. H. Jones 

796. C. R. Ferguson 

797. H. E. McLaren 

798. H. Y. Complin 

799. W. A. Courtney 

800. C. H. Courtney 

801. G. S. Proctor 

802. C. S. Proctor 

803. J. B. Proctor 

804. W. B. Irwin 

805. G. Ince 

806. E. C. Cattanach 

807. C. H. Cameron 

808. R. D. Slater 

809. W. Brent 

810. M. M. Brent 

811. W. C. R. Graham 

812. T. S. Farncomb 

813. C. K. Blackwood 

814. A. H. Young 

815. A. J. Price 

816. K. H. Fessenden 

817. C. B. King 

818. C. de C. Middleton 

819. W. C. Durable 

820. J. M. Teviotdale 

821. A. Simpson 

822. A. M. Bethune 

823. R. McLennan 

824. J. B. McMorine 

825. P. DuMoulin 

826. F. DuMoulin 

827. F. M. English 

828. omitted 

829. G. H. Dartnell 

830. W. R. Boulton 

831. W. N. Stockton 

832. C. W. Smith 

833. H. N. Hollingshead 

834. H. H. Middleton 

835. C. P. Dwight 

836. C. A. Campbell 



837. C. S. W. Bridges 

838. A. M. Cleghorn 

839. A. W. Complin 

840. T. S. Burwell 

841. A. E. Burwell 

842. J. R. Elliott 

843. W. F. Ramsay 

844. E. J. F. Jones 

845. R. A. Seton 

846. A. B. English 

847. C. R. T. Fessenden 

848. G. A. Colson 

849. C. B. Waters 

850. G. B. Cleghorn 

851. A. B. Clarke 

852. J. H. Bullen 

853. H. V. Hamilton 

854. O. G. Carscallen 

855. C. G. Carscallen 

856. F. M. Scadding 

857. H. C. Becher 

858. H. McM. Killaly 

859. F. Jones 

860. W. E. Davidson 

861. R. C. Young 

862. F. H. Bethune 

863. C. B. Coleman 

864. G. A. Pyke 

865. H. H. Phillips 

866. H. W. Hague 

867. G. E. Gooch 

868. J. Walker 

869. F. L. Aikman 

870. G. E. P. Stevenson 

871. W. G. Rogers 

872. A. W. Harding 

873. L. M. Lyon 

874. H. Snowden 

875. J. A. M. Fraser 

876. H. Van A. Fraser 

877. W. H. Taylor 

878. J. Buchan 

879. G. L. Perrin 

880. L. B. Hale 

881. T. A. Vicars 

882. J. S. Ham 

883. T. D. McGaw 

884. F. M. Pellatt 

885. F. E. Pigott 

886. N. H. Macqueen 

887. H. A. Hyland 

888. A. E. Henderson 

889. P. D. White 

890. W. F. Gassier 

891. J. J. P. Armstrong 

892. W. S. Scott 

893. N. St. C. Gurd 

894. F. E. Marcon 

895. F. J. H. Bedson 

896. C. S. Meeking 

897. W. J. Waterson 

898. A. D. Russell 

899. H. A. S. Asbury 

900. H. H. Oldright 

901. E. M. Counsell 

902. E. B. Daykin 

903. F. P. Morris 

904. A. C. Read 

905. O. W. David 

906. H. A. Kortright 

907. D. S. Maclnnes 

908. H. M. Nesbitt 

909. R. F. Miller 

910. H. A. Richardson 

911. R. Neilson 

912. A. K. McLaren 

913. E. L. V. Burwell 

914. C. A. W. Allen 

915. P. R. Allen 

916. E. R. Crombie 

917. R. B. Griffith 

918. F. E. Ghent 

919. W. C. Ghent 

920. H. V. Macdougall 

921. G. P. Daintry 

922. J. B. Phillips 

923. C. S. Lewis 

924. P. C. H. Papps 

925. R. S. M. Curran 

926. J. G. Battell 

927. S. H. Coen 

928. G. W. Coen 

929. T. H. Burnham 

930. J. A. Haydon 

931. W. E. Syer 

932. H. H. Syer 

933. W. A. Fetherston 

934. W. A. Mullin 

935. E. V. S. Mason 

936. H. McC. Mason 

937. S. P. Shears 

938. F. B. Kingsland 

939. C. Crawford 

940. C. E. Martin 

941. G. O. Wagner 

942. J. E. Nesbitt 

943. R. J. Renison 

944. R. F. H. Corsan 



945. H. G. Kingstone 

946. J. L. Whiteford 

947. T. Daunais 

948. F. C. Dowding 

949. R. A. Downey 

950. W. H. DuMoulin 

951. W. L. H. Farini 

952. H. E. H. Farini 

953. T. G. Fletcher 

954. V. A. Griffin 

955. A. B. Hayes 

956. W. D. Jewett 

957. J. H. C. Ogilvy 

958. G. P. Wintermute 

959. C. Wood 

960. D. Pacaud 

961. H. T. Allan 

962. A. P. Aveling 

963. W. T. Detlor 

964. W. L. S. McGiverin 

965. F. D. Miller 

966. F. J. S. Martin 

967. C. D. Parfitt 

968. W. P. Smith 

969. W. H. Spicer 

970. C. O. H. Usborne 

971. D. C. Walters 

972. C. F. Hately 

973. C. E. Baker 

974. C. D. Bell 

975. R. A. Bethune 

976. A. C. Burgess 

977. D. F. Campbell 

978. S. H. Cartwright 

979. A. C. Clarke 

980. R. Flint 

981. W. F. Gaudrie 

982. J. B. Holland 

983. J. H. Hooper 

984. A. L. Ireland 

985. C. St. L. Mackintosh 

986. D. W. Ogilvie 

987. F. G. Osier 

988. J. F. Scarth 

989. E. S. Senkler 

990. A. R. Sweatman 

991. R. Sweny 

992. E. W. Symmes 

993. W. I. Taylor 

994. W. E. Tucker 

995. H. J. Tucker 

996. L. E. Widder 

997. G. S. Wilkes 

998. H. T. S. Young 

999. H. R. Auston 

1000. V. P. Ashford 

1001. J. French 

1002. L. A. Ketcheson 

1003. D. A. Rankin 

1004. D. McG. Rogers 

1005. C. J. V. Spratt 

1006. H. J. Farr 

1007. C. H. Hudson 

1008. N. C. Jones 

1009. T. W. B. Marling 

1010. H. Whitt 

1011. H. L. Adams 

1012. K. J. M. Baldwin 

1013. J. D. Bell 

1014. L. W. B. Broughall 

1015. J. E. Burk 

1016. C. B. Burk 

1017. F. A. P. Chadwick 

1018. W. E. Clark 

1019. G. Cochran 

1020. B. R. Creighton 

1021. A. D. Dame 

1022. A. C. Dickson 

1023. F. M. Doran 

1024. H. V. N. Duggan 

1025. E. St. M. DuMoulin 

1026. W. R. Ferguson 

1027. G. L. Francis 

1028. B. B. O. Francis 

1029. W. W. Francis 

1030. C. W. Gamble 

1031. W. L. Helliwell 

1032. H. J. Helliwell 

1033. M. G. Lottridge 

1034. H. M. Lount 

1035. A. MacLean 

1036. H. Morris 

1037. F. F. Nasmith 

1038. A. P. Nasmith 

1039. J. W. Osborne 

1040. H. C. Osborne 

1041. T. H. Plummer 

1042. C. O'N. Rich 

1043. E. F. Seagram 

1044. J. H. Seagram 

1045. E. P. S. Spencer 

1046. C. G. Stearns 

1047. W. F. Sweny 

1048. W. J. Thomson 

1049. A. S. Vane 

1050. W. A. Watts 

1051. F. Wilkins 

1052. T. E. N. Fyles 



S. S. DuMoulin 


W. F. Gibson 


S. N. Harrison 


N. C. Harrison 


J. S. Harvey 
R. Hyde 
W. C. Lambert 


G. S. Mackenzie 


H. B. Muckleston 


J. R. H. Warren 
M. N. Barr 


J. Davis 
S. A. McC. Armstrong 
G. S. Crawford 


S. Lockridge 
H. M. Nelles 


J. A. Vandewater 
F. R. Walters 


F. J. Morgan 
W. A. Baldwin 


A. W. Bate 


H. M. Bate 


R. B. Boucher 


R. C. H. Cassels 


W. Gordon 


K. B. Gordon 


H. F. Hamilton 


G. M. Gary 
P. E. Frind 


E. F. Crosher 


F. C. Moore 



W. J. Stairs 
J. A. Stairs 
T. H. Forlong 
W. A. Anderson 


J. S. Cartwright 
T. H. Cowdry 
G. H. McLaren 


R. M. Osborne 


H. L. Reid 


T. F. Telford 


A. W. Whitney 
R. B. Cartwright 
G. L. Leslie 


F. T. Woolverton 


C. M. Baldwin 



J. M. Baldwin 
E. G. Amy 
A. McL. Ballard 


H. C. Bickford 


J. F. Burnett 




C. A. Heaven 
W. B. R. Hepburn 
J. Hepburn 
W. S. Jefferson 
J. M. Jellett 
R. T. Lee 
E. W. Loscombe 

C. F. Nason 
A. D. Strathy 
H. W. Thomas 

V. H. P. Wetmore 

E. R. Whitehead 
R. Dawson 

D. Dawson 

W. E. Middleton 
J. G. C. Ambrose 
H. A. Amy 
L. Lambe 
W. T. Renison 

F. W. Walker 
C. N. Jackson 

S. H. Thompson 
A. R. Auston 
C. S. Wilkie 
A. B. Wilkie 
J. L. P. McLaren 
R. H. B. Magee 

T. A. Dupuis 
W. T. P. Fleming 
G. R. Hindes 
J. J. Keyes 

F. J. Lightbourn 
R. H. Locke 

J. G. Macdougall 
W. McL. Metzler 

G. C. P. Montizambert 
T. L. Raymond 

N. Seagram 
J. Soney 
P. S. Stevenson 
M. S. Stevenson 
J. M. Syer 

B. Townsend 
S. S. Wilmot 
W. E. Woodruff 
A. J. D. Lloyd 
H. A. Malloch 
G. M. Douglas 

C. R. Ayars 

C. R. Albinson 
F. C. Little 




E. F. R. Tate 



W. M. Ogilvie 

. 1210. 


G. St. G. Baldwin 



E. Andrewes 



R. Andrewes 



E. M. Bland 



G. Gillmor 



J. C. Wade 



F. Woolcombe 



R. M. Crosher 



H. J. Beebe 



E. C. Connor 



J. C. Straus 



W. R. Straus 



R. B. H. Cotton 



C. A. Gibson 



D. G. Hagarty 



A. T. Hellyer 



W. Hellyer 



R. D. Harvey 



C. E. James 



J. S. Labatt 



E. I. Longfellow 



N. T. Macleod 



H. S. Macgregor 



R. E. Macgregor 



J. M. Palmer 



A. L. Palmer 



C. H. F. Plummer 



G. E. Renison 



N. R. Roger 



A. G. Rosamond 



C. M. Shadbolt 



A. M. Smith 



H. Smith 



G. E. Spragge 



G. S. Steacy 



F. J. C. Tighe 



W. C. Walsh 



A. L. Wilson 



G. T. Hamilton 



A. R. Liggett 



J. Fox 



E. A. Cartwright 



W. R. McConkey 



M. Kakuzen 



C. E. Duggan 



F. J. Henderson 



P. E. Henderson 



S. B. Lucas 



A. O. Merrick 



L. G. P. Montizambert 



J. E. K. Osborne 



P. McC. Pepler 


J. B. Sweetland 
C. H. Creighton 
S. J. Dargavel 
H. S. Falkner 
DuR. Gage 

E. A. Hammond 
H. R. Hayter 
W. S. Hopkins 

W. D'O. Hutchins 
G. O'N. Ireland 
M. B. Jackson 
R. P. Jellett 

C. H. Ladd 

W. R. Macdonald 

F. D. Macfie 

A. G. DeC. McMorine 

F. Pullen 

H. McM. Rathbun 

F. L. Stephenson 
P. B. Tucker 
W. Walker 

D. I. Warren 
W. H. Watkins 
H. M. Woodruff 
J. R. W. Meredith 
M. Jellett 

W. J. Greenfield 

K. H. Von Fallot-Gmeiner 

A. F. Massey 

A. H. Moore 
C. F. Moore 

C. F. W. Paterson 
J. C. Scott 
C. M. Squier 
R. J. Cartwright 
W. McLaren 
J. H. Wiss 
H. F. Bishop 
H. N. Ames 
C. R. Forrester 
R. S. Fuller 

C. G. Heaven 

E. B. Murphy 
E. F. Osier 
H. F. Osier 

E. J. Tett 
H. W. Walker 
H. E. James 
J. N. Carter 
H. L. Hagar 

G. King 

B. R. Mackay 

D. L. McKeand 
A. F. Metzler 



1263. S. C. Metzler 

1264. G. W. Modey 

1265. A. Morrow 

1266. F. W. B. Ridout 

1267. P. K. Robertson 

1268. H. S. Thorne 

1269. P. J. Turner 

1270. E. A. Upton 

1271. G. Van R. Usborne 

1272. G. C. O. Usborne 

1273. W. R. Dibb 

1274. J. C. H. Wink 

1275. W. J. Tilt 

1276. A. R. MacGachen 

1277. C. R. Spencer 

1278. F. M. Stevenson 

1279. F. W. Brown 

1280. E. I. D. Clark 

1281. R. J. McLaren 

1282. C. M. Piercy 

1283. D. D. Adams 

1284. J. Bluck 

1285. R. B. Boyd 

1286. G. W. Bridges 

1287. G. K. Chapman 

1288. J. G. Cooke 

1289. J. A. Forrest 

1290. G. Goldthwaite 

1291. E. G. Hampson 

1292. W. M. B. Ker 

1293. E. H. Ker 

1294. T. H. H. Outerbridge 

1295. J. C. Patterson 

1296. A. G. Ramsay 

1297. K. A. Ramsay 

1298. L. M. Rathbun 

1299. C. C. Robinson 

1300. G. H. Rogers 

1301. S. K. Street 

1302. S. M. Thorne 

1303. W. B. Walsh 

1304. W. Wright 

1305. F. Vincent 

1306. H. A. Cooper 

1307. H. S. Holcroft 

1308. E. P. Morphy 

1309. E. F. Rathbun 

1310. H. S. Skinner 

1311. G. B. Strathy 

1312. E. E. O. Taylor 

1313. G. N. Bethune 

1314. G. H. Cassels 

1315. M. Carry 

1316. G. D'A. A. Chadwick 

1317. W. S. Darling 

1318. G. Darling 

1319. V. S. Ferguson 

1320. L. J. Fitzgerald 

1321. A. E. Galna 

1322. B. G. Gummer 

1323. W. T. Gwyn 

1324. H. I. Hellmuth 

1325. H. H. King 

1326. F. C. W. Lowe 

1327. F. T. Lucas 

1328. W. C. McNeil 

1329. M. V. Plummer 

1330. F. R. Scovel 

1331. F. B. Maitland 

1332. F. N. Creighton 

1333. A. Patterson 

1334. A. H. Brown 

1335. C. E. Deakin 

1336. V. W. Martin 

1337. H. H. Palmer 

1338. W. D. Taylor 

1339. C. H. C. Wotherspoon 

1340. A. H. Rich 

1341. L. R. Avery 

1342. W. H. B. Bevan 

1343. F. O. Browne 

1344. H. Burnett 

1345. H. A. Chadwick 

1346. J. R. Francis 

1347. G. H. Gouinlock 

1348. G. C. Hale 

1349. T. C. McConkey 

1350. F. M. McKnight 

1351. J. K. G. Magee 

1352. C. S. Martin 

1353. W. P. Morgan 

1354. F. E. Patterson 

1355. D. B. Plumb 

1356. P. W. Plummer 

1357. E. F. Pullen 

1358. R. W. Reford 

1359. W. L. Reid 

1360. H. C. Seaman 

1361. E. H. Skill 

1362. J. C. K. Stuart 

1363. E. G. Sutherland 

1364. E. B. K. Watson 

1365. F. B. Welford 

1366. W. E. W. L. Alma 

1367. W. G. F. Kelly 

1368. H. G. Brunton 

1369. A. W. Brunton 

1370. A. E. Piercy 



1371. H. L. Plummer 

1372. G. A. Reid 

1373. R. T. Andrae 

1374. G. R. Mason 

1375. M. J. Mason 

1376. P. DeL. D. Passy 

1377. S. R. Saunders 

1378. C. J. S. Stuart 

1379. W. W. Auston 

1380. A. O. T. Beardmore 

1381. H. R. A. Chowne 

1382. G. A. G. Geddes 

1383. F. W. Gerow 

1384. J. W. G. Greey 

1385. R. V. Harris 

1386. W. H. Harvey 

1387. C. J. Ingles 

1388. G. T. Jennings 

1389. N. W. M. Kittson 

1390. F. G. McLaren 

1391. A. B. Mason 

1392. F. W. Rolph 

1393. E. D. Shannon 

1394. H. Tiedemann 

1395. W. E. Vallance 

1396. E. W. Clifford 

1397. G. Francis 

1398. C. E. Kidd 

1399. A. D. Reid 

1400. G. J. Bousfield 

1401. J. S. Craig 

1402. T. D. Garvey 

1403. R. A. Holland 

1404. A. H. Beckwith 

1405. O. P. Cohen 

1406. A. S. Crapsey 

1407. G. C. Dewar 

1408. H. Ferguson 

1409. A. Kern 

1410. W. R. Kirk 

1411. H.F. Labatt 

1412. H. R. Langslow 

1413. J. F. G. Lee 

1414. S. B. Lottimer 

1415. A. J. McKeand 

1416. F. C. McKeand 

1463. H. O. Lawson 

1464. P. H. Gordon 

1465. E. H. Crawford 

1466. H. A. Judge 

1467. L. R. Crawford 


T. C. Mewburn 


G. R. F. Noyes 
H. R. Mockridge 
R. J. Ridout 
J. W. Spragge 
C. S. Sweeny 
R. S. Tippet 
E. B. Watkins-Coleman 


F. G. Allen 


I. V. Goltra 


A. D. Armour 


R. G. Armour 


W. G. K. Rackham 


E. McL. Glover 


K. M. Holcroft 


E. P. C. Longmore 
C. F. Carnegie 
H. R. Berry 
R. M. Bethune 


F. E. Bleecker 


G. Chowne 


W. S. Curry 
F. C. Farncomb 


R. Fuller 


W. A. Houston 


G. L. Ingles 
H. R. Jarvis 
D. Johns 
F. B. Judge 
W. S. Kersteman 


O. T. Macklem 


W. Maddison 


E. R. Maxwell 


W. H. Murphy 
S. A. Paschal 


W. G. Raikes 


A. S. Rathbun 


V. C. Spencer 
P. W. Stansbury 
R. H. Stinson 


H. C. Suydam 
K. W. Townshend 


E. V. Vallance 


T. Warren 


J. P. Willcox 
J. B. Robinson 



W. Crabb 


R. Burlingham 
A. B. Whish 


J. H. G. Hagarty 
J. Trow 



1473. R. S. Smith 

1474. P. A. C. Hanna 

1475. J. W. Duggan 

1476. R. G. Duggan 

1477. R. F. Mclntosh 

1478. G. G. Caudwell 

1479. T. H. H. Bevan 

1480. A. A. Ross 

1481. F. H. McPherson 

1482. J. Y. Greenwood 

1483. O. Sills 

1484. C. W. Walker 

1485. W. W. R. Creighton 

1486. R. Meighen 

1487. J. R. Farncomb 

1488. H. G. Rogers 

1489. F. D. M. Hammond 

1490. F. Daw 

1491. H. B. Daw 

1492. L. G. E. Mallory 

1493. A. Meredith 

1494. J. W. Boyle 

1495. G. W. L. Prettyman 

1496. H. G. McCullough 

1497. C. Willis 

1498. W. H. Oliver 

1499. W. H. Peterson 

1500. R. P. Tett 

1501. J. D. Deacon 

1502. F. W. Wilkins 

1503. R. W. A. Aitken 

1504. F. McCaffrey 

1505. G. N. Rogers 

1506. J. D. Hubbard 

1507. G. D. Rhodes 

1508. S. D. Parker 

1509. F. B. McCleary 

1510. G. Tackaberry 

1511. R. L. Willis 

1512. F. D. Edson 

1513. J. Scott 

1514. E. G. Joy 

1515. G. H. Grahame 

1516. W. V. Carey 

1517. G. W. Lundy 

1518. N. S. Boyd 

1519. J. E. D. Boyd 

1520. H. A. Lumsden 

1521. E. A. Hetherington 

1522. N. McL. B. Robinson 

1523. H. H. Vernon 

1524. L. N. C. Clark 

1525. A. L. Dempster 

1526. R. C. Dempster 

1527. G. C. Boyd 

1528. L. C. Boyd 

1529. T. B. Boyd 

1530. E. T. Worswick 

1531. F. W. Strother 

1532. W. C. Ince 

1533. E. T. L. Rathbone 

1534. E. B. Henderson 

1535. A. A. Colledge 

1536. A. Campbell 

1537. D. C. Irwin 

1538. R. I. Davidson 

1539. R. W. Digby 

1540. E. M. Watts 

1541. J. R. Van Norman 

1542. F. S. Mathewson 

1543. J. L. Mathewson 

1544. H. A. Green 

1545. J. I. Grover 

1546. A. B. Mortimer 

1547. C. G. Mortimer 

1548. A. H. Burland 

1549. P. Hopkins 

1550. W. McQuire 

1551. L. H. Huyck 

1552. G. F. Blackwood 

1553. J. B. Thompson 

1554. C. G. Knight 

1555. H. Rhodes 

1556. J. L. Mara 

1557. H. H. V. Waters 

1558. M. DeG. Boyd 

1559. P. Kern 

1560. J. S. Willis 

1561. T. B. Plummer 

1562. E. P. Montizambert 

1563. J. S. Nishimura 

1564. F. C. DelaFosse 

1565. C. E. Brooks 

1566. G. D. Drummond 

1567. J. M. Drummond 

1568. A. E. Jukes 

1569. W. W. Boyd 

1570. H. B. Symonds 

1571. W. L. Allan 

1572. P. F. Thursby 

1573. B. B. McConkey 

1574. T. Eardley-Wilmot 

1575. R. H. Pringle 

1576. W. O. Morris 

1577. E. N. L. Reid 

1578. J. A. MacKenzie 

1579. E. L. Elwood 

1580. E. O. Wheeler 



1581. E. F. J. V. Pinkham 

1582. A. W. Langmuir 

1583. A. Burton 

1584. L. H. Eliot 

1585. T. W. E. Allen 

1586. A. Allen 

1587. R. V. St. L. Turnbull 

1588. N. deL. Schreiber 

1589. N. P. Lockwood 

1590. H. G. Lockwood 

1591. R. A. Stone 

1592. L. W. Hogg 

1593. G. C. Campbell 

1594. A. E. Copeland 

1595. I. W. Champion 

1596. L. H. Fortier 

1597. C. F. L. Gilbert 

1598. A. Greey 

1599. H. F. C. Jones 

1600. A. J. Johnson 

1601. J. M. Wenley 

1602. H. R. B. Wyssmann 

1603. E. S. Cozens 

1604. J. F. Eaton 

1605. E. H. Cox 

1606. F. W. Robinson 

1607. K. T. Benson 

1608. T. W. Seagram 

1609. R. T. Jones 

1610. K. M. Van Allen 

1611. R. D. Hatch 

1612. F. G. Johnston 

1613. C. E. F. Ambery 

1614. R. T.Coady 

1615. M. W. B. Conron 

1616. J. A. V. Fraser 

1617. A. Gray 

1618. J. A. Christie 

1619. P. F. Daw 

1620. J. D. Sullivan 

1621. J. D. Wainwright 

1622. H. B. Tett 

1623. L. C. M. Baldwin 

1624. F. W. F. Clemow 

1625. S. K. Pearce 

1626. K. Fellowes 

1627. S. J. Pepler 

1628. G. H. Pepler 

1629. R. M. Haultain 

1630. E. W. Creamer 

1631. D. L. Scott 

1632. W. M. Cruthers 

1633. G. N. Beatty 

1634. L. M. Barnum 

1635. L. K. Bucknell 

1636. C. A. Bucknell 

1637. G. I. Drummond 

1638. G. W. Lee 

1639. S. S. Lee 

1640. N. H. Macaulay 

1641. J. T. Webb 

1642. C. L. Bath 

1643. J. B. K. Fisken 

1644. A. D. Fisken 

1645. C. E. Greenwood 

1646. W. S. Lawrence 

1647. H. B. Lumsden 

1648. E. J. Apted 

1649. J. M. Greer 

1650. G. F. Milliard 

1651. L. A. Spencer 

1652. H. R. Holland 

1653. R. T. Stover 

1654. R. F. B. Wyssmann 

1655. D. C. R. Few 

1656. C. L. H. T. Darling 

1657. F. C. Greenwood 

1658. C. P. Slater 

1659. C. A. MacNeill 

1660. J. M. K. Reid 

1661. F. C. S. Reid 

1662. A. D'A. C. Martin 

1663. H. C. Cameron 

1664. A. H. Greenwood 

1665. A. E. Deacon 

1666. W. G. Hanson 

1667. A. R. Turner 

1668. N. Lewis 

1669. W. S. Smith 

1670. R. Gray 

1671. F. S. Tate 

1672. F. T. Kerrin 

1673. C. L. Turnbull 

1674. D. P. Bell-Irving 

1675. G. F. B. Strong 

1676. P. B. Harris 

1677. A. B. Wilkes 

1678. L. E. Anderson 

1679. G. Conyers 

1680. R. T. Bethune 

1681. G. A. M. Williams 

1682. F. P. Boyce 

1683. H. B. P. Boyce 

1684. W. A. Mace 

1685. M. W. Rutherford 

1686. E. E. W. Walker 

1687. S. H. Caswell 

1688. E. A. H. Martin 



1689. A. S. C. Rogers 

1690. H. E. Lautz 

1691. F. A. Lautz 

1692. R. S. C. Stalker 

1693. J. McConnell 

1694. W. K. Pearce 

1695. D. A. Hay 

1696. G. G. Darling 

1697. O. G. Darling 

1698. J. H. F. Lithgow 

1699. H. A. Heaton 

1700. J. H. Symons 

1701. H. C. Piper 

1702. F. G. Kingston 

1703. L. M. Hanbury 

1704. C. D. Boyce 

1705. W. M. Pearce 

1706. N. McGibbon 

1707. A. B. Laing 

1708. E. O. C. Martin 

1709. G. H. Copeland 

1710. J. C. Maynard 

1711. K. S. Drummond 

1712. W. J. Watts 

1713. A. N. Worthlngton 

1714. J. D. S. Strong 

1715. J. C. Wilson 

1716. R. F. L. Osier 

1717. N. Davies 

1718. W. Davies 

1719. M. R. Davies 

1720. H. M. Hughes 

1721. C. W. S. Dunn 

1722. F. M. H. Taylor 

1723. W. L. Taylor 

1724. R. W. Shepherd 

1725. J. W. Porter 

1726. R. C. Stroud 

1727. J. W. Langmuir 

1728. A. E. deM. Jarvis 

1729. H. M. Taylor 

1730. H. MacD. Starke 

1731. C. F. Ambery 

1732. L. C. Reid 

1733. G. DuC. Luard 

1734. G. S. Tucker 

1735. H. L. Symons 

1736. R. C. Milroy 

1737. A. R. Ball 

1738. J. I. Wylde 

1739. C. C. Patterson 

1740. D. W. Patterson 

1741. B. A. Rhodes 

1742. G. G. Ross 


J. A. Ross 
C. B. Cockburn 
P. S. Clark 
J. R. Wheler 
A. G. Wheler 
P. H. Collins 
L. S. de Veber 
A. F. Mewburn 

E. J. Leishman 
G. K. Kingston 

F. M. Billings 

J. A. Dennistoun 
J. F. A. Cornell 

G. W. Spragge 
A. E. Allen 
G. P. Tett 

G. A. Coldwell 

F. G. Carswell 
E. F. Redick 
E. S. H. Smith 
E. B. P. Armour 

C. E. Daw 
E. Ryrie 

G. E. F. Ambery 
G. E. Parkes 

S. P. Cox 
A. D. Battersby 
A. H. Wallace 
K. W. Edmiston 
H. C. Fraser 
E. E. Strathy 

D. D. McGibbon 

E. F. Gustin 
R. W. Lautz 

A. D. Booth 
H. Thompson 
H. E. Voght 
T. J. Brown 

B. E. Z. Gammell 

F. W. R. Downer 
O. G. Shepherd 
R. E. Machaffie 
A. C. Hope 

H. R. Mallory 
J. R. Mclllree 
J. R. Dennistoun 
P. D. Wade 
A. L. Tait 
T. S. Tait 
H. V. LeMesurier 

G. W. Nation 
H. E. Moore 
J. D. Ketchum 

G. S. O'Brian 


1797. W. M. Cameron 

1798. D. O. Cameron 

1799. A. R. Tobey 

1800. P. W. Nelles 

1801. C. P. Tolfree 

1802. A. D. Walker 

1803. J. B. Waller 

1804. J. C. Waller 

1805. P. V. Lumsden 

1806. G. L. Lumsden 

1807. A. S. Ince 

1808. H. E. McC. Ince 

1809. G. I. Langmuir 

1810. R. W. Hodgins 

1811. M. F. Wilkes 

1812. G. Burbidge 

1813. O. E. Bryan 

1814. R. E. White 

1815. E. I. H. Ings 

1816. H. P. Belts 

1817. W. N. Conyers 

1818. C. H. Conyers 

1819. G. A. Porterfield 

1820. G. F. Laing 

1821. A. E. Tucker 

1822. T. H. Hungerford 

1823. A. O. Lampman 

1824. L. S. Haight 

1825. F. G. Maxwell 

1826. H. P. Clapp 

1827. L. R. S. Agassiz 

1828. W. Slater 

1829. H. K. Clarkson 

1830. E. S. Byers 

1831. H. K. Thompson 

1832. H. E. Hopkins 

1833. G. A. Waller 

1834. H. B. Oldham 

1835. G. S. Westgate 

1836. E. Simpson 

1837. S. P. Roberts 

1838. E. D. H. Boyd 

1839. M. B. H. Boyd 

1840. R. O'D. Hinckley 

1841. N. McL. Macdonald 

1842. H. M. Savage 

1843. N. C. Nelles 

1844. G. E. Shortt 

1845. E. R. W. Hebden 

1846. E. C. C. Southey 

1847. S. F. Fisken 

1848. D. G. Greer 

1849. E. B. Thompson 

1850. A. F. Voght 

1851. H. M. K. Grylls 

1852. R. A. Mitchell 

1853. G. L. Magann 

1854. S. A. Kayll 

1855. T. Coldwell 

1856. C. G. Mortlock 

1857. L. L. Lindsay 

1858. C. P. Burgess 

1859. C. F. Fitzgerald 

1860. F. L. C. Kennedy 

1861. E. C. F. O'Conor-Fenton 

1862. J. G. Bigelow 

1863. C. H. C. Coles 

1864. C. K. C. Martin 

1865. M. E. Fisher 

1866. E. J. Ketchum 

1867. M. C. E. Sharp 

1868. D. C. Greey 

1869. W. L. R. Bossange 

1870. A. P. H. Bousfield 

1871. W. C. L. King 

1872. W. R. Empringham 

1873. E. E. Empringham 

1874. W. W. Todd 

1875. J. A. Wickett 

1876. C. R. B. Lloyd 

1877. M. R. H. Garnett 

1878. H. H. Leather 

1879. F. Van H. Skinner 

1880. J. B. Sampson 

1881. J. G. H. Murray 

1882. A. A. Harcourt-Vernon 

1883. L. E. Clarke 

1884. N. B. Allen 

1885. G. T. Williams 

1886. G. A. Renfrew 

1887. I. Wilson 

1888. H. W. Dawson 

1889. A. D. Harvey 

1890. K. G. Evans 

1891. G. K. MacKendrick 

1892. D. E. MacKendrick 

1893. H. J. L. Pearce 

1894. H. Thompson 

1895. C. F. W. Smith 

1896. R. T. Urch 

1897. W. L. Stone 

1898. F. H. Stone 

1899. B. F. Gossage 

1900. C. E. Baker 

1901. E. G. R. Rogers 

1902. C. D. Young 

1903. H. E. Bethune 

1904. F. G. Mathers 




H. E. Patton 


D. G. Montgomery 
J. L. Potter 
C. T. Perry 
E. Stuart 


C. H. Perry 
W. H. M. Walters 


P. F. Ellison 


R. B. Tedder 


M. F. Dixon 


A. J. Butt 
A. L. Wilson 


M. C. deB. Young 
M. H. Bird 


H. C. Pullen 


J. W. Thompson 
S. E. Harper 
G. W. Hawke 


A. G. Macbeth 


G. M. Dick 


M. Winchester 


R. H. Davison 


J. A. Hodder 
L. D. Croll 


P. H. Bigwood 
W. D. Bethune 


R. G. Stevens 


C. M. Serson 


W. W. Stratton 


G. J. Ed-wards 
F. J. Walters 
D. M. Macdonald 


H. J. Emery 
C. N. Nicholson 


A. G. W. Duncan 


W. M. Matthews 


G. E. S. McLeod 


A. R. Lee 


H. C. Lee 


P. MacDowell 


H. K. Vipond 
L. A. Walsh 


J. A. Bethune 
T. B. Saunders 


D. Broughall 
H. E. Cochran 


P. J. Belcher 
A. R. Belcher 


W. C. Vibert 


W. E. Vibert 


A. N. Glass 


F. P. Daw 


J. F. L. Hughes 
H. L. Chappell 
J. G. Mackenzie 



T. Whitney 
L. A. Welsh 


D. A. Geiger 
D. O. Macdonald 


C. B. Hill 


E. V. Dempster 
L. K. Greene 


G. H. S. Aylen 
M. G. Nelson 


J. R. H. Coldwell 
G. V. Briar 


F. B. Denison 


G. C. Rogers 
J. Mahaffy 
K. D. McBean 


P. B. Greey 
R. LeC. Hill 


B. L. Lavender 


C. K. Aylen 
E. S. Clarke 


H. S. Rogers 
J. C. Virden 
W. M. Wigle 
G. McC. Pirie 


G. D. Crowther 


J. E. Schwartz 
W. H. B. Brydge 
N. G. Gill 


L. F. Williams 


E. W. Williams 


H. L. McLurg 
D. MacDougall 
H. K. Dancy 
B. W. Taylor 
G. A. Thetford 


R. McW. Johnston 
S. J. Stott 
G. E. Duffield 


F. C. Bartlett 


F. W. Morris 


R. G. Richardson 


G. C. Tucker 


F. H. O'Beirne 


H. P. Lancaster 


H. L. Greaves 


G. Bradfield 




J. P. C. Atwood 
A. R. Jarvis 
T. R. Cook 
H. F. Ketchum 
A. McK. Porritt 
A. S. Nelson 
L. F. Cameron 
H. S. Broughall 
S. J. Gregory 

A. M. Patton 
S. Pepler 

E. J. Lussier 

B. G. Aylen 

C. A. P. Murison 
W. S. Hogg 

S. C. Mills 

C. C. Harvie 

W. H. Snyder 

H. F. C. Burnham 

W. M. Bal 

G. D. McDonald 

R. Bruce 

A. E. McGowan 

C. C. Macdonald 

R. Whitton 

R. P. Dennistoun 

M. McLeod 

F. A. N. Haultain 
T. M. Parker 

J. M. Catto 

R. D, Lyons 

N. E. Kelk 

W. A. M. Howard 

H. H. Petry 

P. A. C. Ketchum 

K. G. B. Ketchum 

A. C. Woodman 

H. T. Tuckwell 

T. J. R. Macaulay 

E. F. Howard 

G. Ince 

C. F. Conover 
A. R. Hugill 
W. D. Mclntyre 
N. R. Western 
C. M. Lloyd 
J. C. Harstone 
K. W. Carson 
W. B. Ferrier 
C. L. Cassels 
W. H. Hay 
G. K. Fisken 
H. McC. Allen 
J. H. S. Broughall 

2060. R. O. Bull 

2061. J. P. D. Chadwick 

2062. F. S. Chadwick 

2063. G. Cruickshank 

2064. R. J. Rankin 

2065. G. H. Greaves 

2066. G. McG. Pinkerton 

2067. S. S. Gilmour 

2068. J. H. Morris 

2069. E. F. Blandford 

2070. J. S. Taylor 

2071. T. H. G. Child 

2072. G. E. R. Turner 

2073. A. J. Ellison 

2074. J. R. C. Harcourt 

2075. T. Williams-Taylor 

2076. C. J. S. Paddon 

2077. H, D. Smith 

2078. J. McA. Sharp 

2079. C. O. Onslow 

2080. S. B. Harris 

2081. J. Machaffie 

2082. T. B. Woodyatt 

2083. T. Lavender 

2084. J. A. Proctor 

2085. J. G. M. McCutcheon 

2086. A. M. Sutherland 

2087. C. G. Sutherland 

2088. E. A. Copeland 

2089. C. S. Greaves 

2090. F. S. Strathy 

2091. V. W. Bradburn 

2092. C. Wadsworth 

2093. A. Dunbar 

2094. H. G. Smith 

2095. H. Lindsay 

2096. F. L. J. Grout 

2097. M. Anderson 

2098. G. A. McCarter 

2099. R. E. Thompson 

2100. W. D. Robertson 

2101. J. McC. Elliott 

2102. W. T. Gordon 

2103. R. C. Rowland 

2104. E. H. Marvin 

2105. G. M. Gossage 

2106. P. Martinson 

2107. V. Dickinson 

2108. D. W. Harper 

2109. Lane 

2110. C. F. Haultain 

2111. S. A. Gunyo 

2112. A. T. Bull 

2113. A.B.Ross 



2114. A. F. McLachlin 

2115. M. H. McLachlin 

2116. C. G. Rice 

2117. J. A. Taylor 

2118. R. MacW. Johnston 

2119. H.I. Wallace 

2120. E. W. C. Baldwin 

2121. M. H. Baker 

2122. W. G. Claxton 

2123. J. C. Campbell 

2124. J. F. Davidson 

2125. C. W. L. Gale 

2126. J. J. Hale 

2127. W. L. N. Hinds 

2128. E. T. James 

2129. K. M. Langmuir 

2130. A. C. McKenzie 

2131. R. V. Porritt 

2132. C. F. Read 

2133. L. E. Roche 

2134. R. Ryrie 

2135. M. F. Sutcliffe 

2136. E. L. Z. Smith 

2137. G. W. Vivian 

2138. D'A. A. C. Martin 

2139. H. le R. Wallace 

2140. R. H. Davison 

2141. K. Foster 

2142. J. C. Anderson 

2143. L. F. Bonnell 

2144. G. B. Brown 

2145. H. C. F. Burnham 

2146. M. Y. Cameron 

2147. H. Corey 

2148. F. H. Crispo 

2149. D. E. Cumberland 

2150. R. P. Dennistoun 

2151. J. C. de Pencier 

2152. P. C. Davidson 

2153. R. H. Hedley 

2154. D. C. Jones 

2155. M. C. Luke 

2156. D. E. MacKendrick 

2157. R. C. S. Mackintosh 

2158. D. C. Mackintosh 

2159. A. S. McLorg 

2160. G. McA. Morris 

2161. F. R. L. Lazier 

2162. H. A. M. Prewer 

2163. R. J. Pullen 

2164. H. H. Ryall 

2165. J. Ryrie 

2166. H. St. J. B. Smith 

2167. K. G. Tatlow 

2168. T. H. F. Torney 

2169. G. R. Torney 

2170. J. R. Tucker 

2171. C. J. Turner 

2172. R. L. Simmons 

2173. H. L. Wagner 

2174. J. C. Waldie 

2175. J. S. Webster 

2176. J. C. Hough 

2177. C. L. Capreol 

2178. B. N. Brown 

2179. J. C. Dumbrille 

2180. deL. H. M. Panel 

2181. F. A. M. Smith 

2182. D. R. Clarke 

2183. H. C. Cayley 

2184. R. F. Cassels 

2185. R. K. Cruickshank 

2186. R. H. C. Harrison 

2187. C. D. Holbrook 

2188. E. S. Hough 

2189. E. A. M. Jarvis 

2190. L. M. Luke 

2191. H. A. Mackenzie 

2192. R. D. Mulholland 

2193. R. E. Ogilvie 

2194. J. Oldham 

2195. R. G. H. Orchard 

2196. W. R. Osier 

2197. G. S. Osier 

2198. H. A. Parker 

2199. W. R. G. Ray 

2200. R. G. Ray 

2201. H. C. Rees 

2202. K. A. Ross 

2203. S. B. B. Saunders 

2204. F. L. Sjostrom 

2205. W. B. Salviati 

2206. G. B. L. Smith 

2207. G. N. Thompson 

2208. J. T. Wood 

2209. C. P. Worsley 

2210. I. H. Cumberland 

2211. R. C. Squires 

2212. D. H. MacCaul 

2213. L. C. Crosthwait 

2214. T. C. B. De Lorn 

2215. W. B. Hicks 

2216. R. S. Barkell 

2217. H. H. Beals 

2218. B. L. Beals 

2219. G. R. Curry 

2220. C. E. F. Jones 

2221. J. B. Lindsey 



2222. L. G. Stevens 

2223. C. S. Shaw 

2224. P. A. DuMoulin 

2225. R. R. A. Baldwin 

2226. G. H. Barber 

2227. J. S. Brock 

2228. W. Biton 

2229. A. Bruce 

2230. S. F. Burgess 

2231. W. A. Burgess 

2232. F. H. Cundill 

2233. A. P. Campbell 

2234. G. L. Davey 

2235. C. L. Donaghy 

2236. L. St. M. DuMoulin 

2237. R. T. Fulford 

2238. S. R. V. Grant 

2239. F. L. Hamilton 

2240. H. C. G. Heaven 

2241. G. A. Heaven 

2242. E. B. Heaven 

2243. G. B. Heaven 

2244. I. S. Henderson 

2245. M. V. Hibbard 

2246. H. C. Johnston 

2247. D. C. Johnston 

2248. H. F. Macdonald 

2249. M. D. McCarthy 

2250. D. McCarthy 

2251. W. R. Membery 

2252. V. B. Merrill 

2253. R. E. Merry 

2254. H. H. Miller 

2255. A. W. Moore 

2256. E. W. Morse 

2257. G. A. Murphy 

2258. D. E. Phin 

2259. E. G. Porritt 

2260. F. A. Price 

2261. Robertson 

2262. H. McK. Sharp 

2263. G. P. Scholfield 

2264. A. L. Smith 

2265. D. T. Summerhayes 

2266. J. A. Sutherland 

2267. J. J. Turner 

2268. F. S. Woodrow 

2269. T. Crosthwait 

2270. D. H. A. Cruickshank 

2271. T. S. Hartley 

2272. J. P. Loosemore 

2273. D. D. Morris 

2274. W. C. Baker 

2275. G. M. D. Foster 

2276. C. D. T. Mundell 

2277. D. C. Nickle 

2278. H. McL. Orr 

2279. M. Y. Stevens 

2280. A. L. Sweny 

2281. T. A. V. Carey 

2282. W. H. Mackendrick 

2283. J. K. Spencer 

2284. J. G. Cassels 

2285. C. W. F. Evans 

2286. J. H. Evans 

2287. J. L. Evans 

2288. A. E. Glassco 

2289. H. V. Price 

2290. J. W. Seagram 

2291. J. G. Spragge 

2292. W. D. Tomlinson 

2293. J. G. Wiser 

2294. A. C. Bethune 

2295. A. R. Chamberlain 

2296. T. O'B. Charles 

2297. J. W. Fawcett 

2298. V. W. Fisk 

2299. T. W. Herrold 

2300. W. O. Jones 

2301. C. E. N. Kaulbach 

2302. A. H. Loucks 

2303. W. H. Meikle 

2304. H. G. Montgomery 

2305. H. L. Penhorwood 

2306. A. B. Robertson 

2307. A. H. Turner 

2308. R. Wilson 

2309. R. B. Wilson 

2310. R. L. Thompson 

2311. W. L. Beatty 

2312. S. D. Lazier 

2313. C. S. Doupe 

2314. M. R. Campbell 

2315. C. A. Hill 

2316. H. Marpole 

2317. R. L. Merry 

2318. J. E. G. Routley 

2319. D. J. L. Wright 

2320. L. G. Sjostrom 

2321. G. H. Loosemore 

2322. G. R. Blaikie 

2323. G. Shaw 

2324. M. D. Kennedy 

2325. W. H. Roberts 

2326. J. B. Allan 

2327. L. S. Apedaile 

2328. J. A. Bartlett 

2329. G. L. Boone 



2330. T. B. Brown 2357. 

2331. E. W. Crompton 2358. 

2332. H. L. Gray 2359. 

2333. R. Hannam 2360. 

2334. J. H. C. Massie 2361. 

2335. H. D. C. Massie 2362. 

2336. G. M. Mudge 2363. 

2337. T. E. Nichols 2364. 

2338. J. G. Nichols 2365. 

2339. R. D. Owen 2366. 

2340. C. M. A. Strathy 2367. 

2341. A. R. Winnett 2368. 

2342. W. A. Beamish 2369. 

2343. H. Beaumont 2370. 

2344. W. N. Bostock 2371. 

2345. H. L. Burns 2372. 

2346. J. H. D. Capreol 2373. 

2347. B. A. E. Clouse 2374. 

2348. C. F. R. Dalton 2375. 

2349. J. J. Davidson 2376. 

2350. F. C. Delahey 2377. 

2351. M. B. Donnelly 2378. 

2352. A. K. Doull 2379. 

2353. G. T. Fulford 2380. 

2354. T. M. duB. Godet 2381. 

2355. G. R. Goldstein 2382. 

2356. J. McG. H. Grant 


2383. J. R. C. Dodge 2407. 

2384. W. C. Hagan 2408. 

2385. J. T. Ogilvie 2409. 

2386. H. L. Hill 2410. 

2387. A. R. W. Howe 2411. 

2388. N. Kingsmill 2412. 

2389. A. Allen 2413. 

2390. J. E. Lazier 2414. 

2391. J. G. Scott 2415. 

2392. W. H. Solomon 2416. 

2393. J. M. Gibson 2417. 

2394. V. Mussen 2418. 

2395. W. O. D'A. Boulton 2419. 

2396. W. E. Burns 2420. 

2397. J. M. Campbell 2421. 

2398. G. S. Cartwright 2422. 

2399. H. S. Dawson 2423. 

2400. J. E. Dillane 2424. 

2401. C. S. Glassco 2425. 

2402. D. Gordon 2426. 

2403. E. I. Jager 2427. 

2404. W. F. Jones 2428. 

2405. J. G. King 2429. 

2406. G. H. Lowndes 2430. 

W. F. Hilchie 

R. Jardine 

G. A. H. Kirkpatrick 

H. D. F. Lazier 

J. E. Lennard 

S. B. Lennard 

C. E. Macpherson 

T. G. C. Mathews 

H. S. McDonald 

V. S. McKinley 

H. D. McLaren 

W. S. Merry 

E. L. Ott 

C. F. Phipps 

G. E. Phipps 

H. A. Raney 

H. G. Robertson 

H. L. Robson 

G. T. Somers 

J. G. K. Strathy 

K. M. R. Tate 

H. R. Turner 

A. C. Waymark 

R. E. Wilson 

E. N. Fetherstonhaugh 

G. D. deS. Wotherspoon 

H. A. R. Martin 
D. W. McLaren 
J. B. O. Mockridge 

B. P. Osier 
J. P. Pearce 

D. V. Pugh 
H. E. L. Read 
N. O. Seagram 
F. W. E. Smith 

C. R. J. Smith 
H. W. Sugarman 

D. H. Taylor 

F. B. Barrow 
T. E. Blogg 

C. H. Bonnycastle 
P. J. Chapman 
T. W. Darcy 

E. L. Dillane 

E. W. Dixon 

F. Dodge 

J. K. Edgar 

G. P. Fuller 

G. Gaisford 
R. M. Gow 



2431. A. L. Heggie 

2432. H. B. R. Holloway 

2433. J. G. Hyland 

2434. A. W. Jones 

2435. A. N. Ker 

2436. G. Macleod 

2437. D. C. McGregor 

2438. J. T. G. Minnes 

2439. H. C. C. Moorepark 

2440. L. W. B. Morris 

2441. C. A. Munro 

2442. S. C. Outerbridge 

2443. F. W. Patch 

2444. G. S. Reycraft 

2445. K. P. Richardson 

2446. G. E. Rogers 

2447. H. H. Rogers 

2448. H. M. Rollo 

2449. W. Smith 

2450. G. B. Williams 

2451. S. C. Young 

2452. R. G. Walton 

2453. A. W. Stevenson 

2454. G. Grant 

2455. A. T. Gardiner 

2456. H. B. Hunter 

2457. J. E. Wolfenden 

2458. W. T. Woollatt 

2459. E. D. Bickford 

2460. R. T. DuMoulin 

2461. G. W. J. Gander 

2462. R. A. Ritchie 

2463. H. van E. Williams 

2464. C. S. A. Ritchie 

2465. G. H. Archibald 

2466. J. E. Ashton 

2467. H. T. Biggar 

2468. D. K. Cassels 

2469. I. B. Croll 

2470. G. R. Dulmage 

2471. T. M. Fyshe 

2472. C. F. Gwyn 

2473. A. R. Ker 

2474. J. S. Lieb 

2475. R. B. McCulloch 

2476. R. F. Osier 

2477. P. T. Rogers 

2478. G. D. Russel 

2479. T. A. Simon 

2480. N. D. Slater 

2481. J. S. D. Thompson 

2482. J. H. Turnbull 

2483. G. M. Wadds 

2484. E. C. J. Wilson 

2485. R. K. Wurtele 

2486. B. M. Archibald 

2487. K. A. Bibby 

2488. C. S. K. Bingham 

2489. W. S. Bowles 

2490. C. W. Burns 

2491. W. F. A. Cummings 

2492. O. D. Cowan 

2493. V. J. Dalton 

2494. E. J. S. Dudley 

2495. C. W. P. Elliston 

2496. M. P. Fraser 

2497. T. H. Gooch 

2498. H. F. Jeffrey 

2499. W. D. Lyon 

2500. M. H. W. Mackenzie 

2501. R. E. McLaren 

2502. E. T. McMullen 

2503. T. V. M. Miller 

2504. F. A. Miller 

2505. N. E. Phipps 

2506. G. R. Potts 

2507. F. H. Russell 

2508. H. Smith 

2509. C. A. White 

2510. J. D. Trow 

2511. F. H. Rous 

2512. J. H. F. Stanton 

2513. D. C. Dingwall 

2514. A. W. Savary 

2515. H. A. W. Perry 

2516. F. A. Fischer 

2518. W. K. W. Baldwin 

2519. St. C. Balfour 

2520. R. D. Cameron 

2521. J. D. Campbell 

2522. W. W. Carhartt 

2523. J. N. Carhartt 

2524. R. J. O. Collyer 

2525. J. D. Eaton 

2526. E. A. Eaton 

2527. R. L. Evans 

2528. T. G. Fyshe 

2529. G. H. Hees 

2530. C. N. K. Kirk 

2531. C. B. K. Kirk 

2532. C. K. Leslie 

2533. G. T. London 

2534. S. L. B. Martin 

2535. J. G. Osier 

2536. C. H. Pentland 

2537. H. N. Perram 

2538. W. G. Price 

2539. W. P. Ralston 



2540. F. H. T. Roper 

2541. R. A. Rowlatt 

2542. F. R. Stone 

2543. H. A. Syer 

2544. J. D. Wallbridge 

2545. H. W. Allen 

2546. R. E. Anderson 

2547. A. P. Ardagh 

2548. L. C. Bonnycastle 

2549. F. J. Boyle 

2550. W. M. Buck 

2551. H. L. Gordon 

2552. M. O. Heap 

2553. H. M. Jaquays 

2554. R. P. Lyon 

2555. G. W. K. Macdonald 

2556. A. L. MacLaurin 

2557. A. J. Maclean 

2558. W. Macl. Malins 

2559. A. G. Miller 

2560. W. E. Osier 

2561. A. McG. Robertson 

2562. E. B. Rogers 

2563. W. W. Southam 

2564. J. W. Stratton 

2565. A. M. Trow 

2566. C. B. van Straubenzee 

2567. J. S. Wright 

2568. R. McD. Williams 

2569. R. Finn 

2570. J. W. Hewitt 

2571. J. E. Unwin 

2572. P. B. Maclaughlin 

2573. J. P. Roberts 

2574. J. C. Becher 

2575. J. R. Bridger 

2576. W. H. Chisholm 

2577. A. N. Chown 

2578. H. G. Conway 

2579. J. A. S. Corrigall 

2580. D. J. Corrigall 

2581. R. G. Dillane 

2582. G. S. McK. Elliot 

2583. H. M. Fowlds 

2584. O. E. S. Gardiner 

2585. F. R. Grunder 

2586. W. A. Helliwell 

2587. C. V. Hitchins 

2588. R. P. Howard 

2589. C. L. Ingles 

2590. J. A. Irvine 

2591. C. E. Bedford-Jones 

2592. M. H. Leggat 

2593. T. H. Usborne 

2594. J. G. Warden 

2595. G. B. Wily 

2596. J. P. Arnold 

2597. R. T. F. Brain 

2598. J. H. Burns 

2599. J. Cassard 

2600. F. O. Cooke 

2601. H. J. E. Croft 

2602. J. D. Cummings 

2603. J. G. Defries 

2604. E. P. Feltenstein 

2605. L. N. Gill 

2606. E. G. Johnston 

2607. M. M. McFarlane 

2608. E. Nicol 

2609. E. D. Scott 

2610. W. M. Turner 

2611. J. E. Usborne 

2612. A. R. K. Webster 

2613. G. B. Somers 

2614. R. H. Cundill 

2615. J. P. Cundill 

2616. R. C. Fenger 

2617. L. McK. Arkley 

2618. S. F. M. Wotherspoon 

2619. L. Cowperthwaite 

2620. E. M. Cowperthwaite 

2621. J. T. Bell 

2622. C. M. Butlin 

2623. J. M. Cape 

2624. C. J. A. Dalton 

2625. S. C. Davidge 

2626. P. F. Davidge 

2627. G. L. Ballantyne 

2628. C. E. Frosst 

2629. P. J. B. Lash 

2630. A. W. Nisbet 

2631. G. E. Noble 

2632. J. W. Millichamp 

2633. J. A. Robertson 

2634. C. M. Russel 

2635. P. S. Stevenson 

2636. R. L. Archibald 

2637. W. E. Armour 

2638. J. H. Brewin 

2639. J. H. Buck 

2640. J. G. Cleland 

2641. J. P. Gilmour 

2642. G. H. Johnson 

2643. H. McL. Johnson 

2644. S. A. W. Lea 

2645. R. J. Madden 

2646. S. A. Medd 

2647. T. P. Moss 



2648. H. C. Paterson 

2649. H. Prestley 

2650. D. G. Price 

2651. E. W. Spragge 

2652. A. C. Stone 

2653. D. R. Wilkie 

2654. G. E. Wilkinson 

2655. J. B. Rogers 

2656. K. G. Taylor 

2657. Z. R. B. Lash 

2658. W. J. Gordon 
2658A. M. W. Gibson 

2659. H. R. Hees 

2660. J. Allen 

2661. J. T. Band 

2662. A. L. Brecken 

2663. J. H. Castle 

2664. W. G. Cox 

2665. C. N. Coryell 

2666. V. Francis 

2667. C. E. Francis 

2668. J. M. Grahame 

2669. J. J. Hume 

2670. A. W. Hewlett 

2671. C. R. G. Holmes 

2672. J. Holmes 

2673. W. G. Ince 

2674. C. N. Robson 

2675. J. M. Sowards 

2676. T. S. Wilkie 

2677. W. L. Smart 

2678. R. B. Wotherspoon 

2679. C. W. Bunting 

2680. J. E. T. McMullen 

2681. J. C. L. Annesley 

2682. J. D. Wood 

2683. H. S. Lockwood 

2684. G. W. Field 

2685. T. T. Ahearn 

2686. P. L. Allen 

2687. C. R. Archibald 

2688. H. Howard 

2689. C. C. F. Kirkpatrick 

2690. R. M. L. Mudge 

2691. W. J. Newman 

2692. T. E. Nichol 

2693. P. D. Silver 

2694. K. T. Whyte 

2695. B. L. Stayner 

2696. G. S. Lucas 

2697. F. A. Yokes 

2698. J. W. Orr 

2699. R. P. Pattee 

2700. F. L. Pattee 

2701. P. P. Howard 

2702. D. H. Neville 

2703. J. A. McPherson 

2704. B. H. deB. Beck 

2705. A. R. Carr-Harris 

2706. W. M. Cleland 

2707. S. Hale 

2708. R. J. B. Renison 

2709. F. M. Southam 

2710. H. H. Stikeman 

2711. W. P. H. Cassels 

2712. R. E. Chown 

2713. J. O. Combe 

2714. S. P. Conway 

2715. J. F. Coulson 

2716. W. M. Crossen 

2717. J. C. N. Currelly 

2718. D. B. Dawson 

2719. A. A. Duncanson 

2720. C. C. Eberts 

2721. H. Ford-Smith 

2722. H. L. Godshall 

2723. J. A. M. Gunn 

2724. A. Hale 

2725. R. N. Hewlett 

2726. H. E. Irwin 

2727. C. H. Knight 

2728. van Z. Knight 

2729. W. S. Leggat 

2730. J. N. S. McConnell 

2731. J. T. S. McConnell 

2732. W. J. Mickle 

2733. W. E. H. Moore 

2734. G. L. Neville 

2735. P. C. Osier 

2736. S. R. Robertson 

2737. E. W. Robson 

2738. B. D. Russel 

2739. R. D. Seagram 

2740. T. L. Taylor 

2741. P. R. Usborne 

2742. G. E. van Buren 

2743. A. H. Wilkinson 

2744. J. H. Bovell 

2745. W. C. Burrill 

2746. D. N. Byers 

2747. P. L. Cleveland 

2748. W. R. Cory 

2749. C. D. Cummings 

2750. J. D. Graham 

2751. C. F. Harrington 

2752. L. P. Harris 

2753. F. F. Hogg 

2754. D. E.ff. Jemmett 



2755. J. F. Law 

2756. H. A. Maulson 

2757. A. Dawes 

2758. J. C. Price 

2759. H. R. Schell 

2760. K. G. Southam 

2761. W. E. Wasley 

2762. H. W. Allan 

2763. S. J. H. Lines 

2764. G. H. Rathbone 

2765. J. A. Campbell 

2766. J. G. Yeates 

2767. C. H. Baly 

2768. K. C. Bell 

2769. W. H. Cutten 

2770. A. D. Hudson 

2771. W. J. C. Stikeman 

2772. R. F. Douglas 

2773. H. A. Martin 

2774. L. J. Hudson 

2775. J. D. Armstrong 

2776. St. G. M. Boyd 

2778. W. Boyd 

2779. C. McC. Brown 

2780. A. D. Browne 

2781. L. G. Brown 

2782. G. V. Castle 

2783. K. C. Dawe 

2784. J. R. Doolittle 

2785. C. P. J. Dykes 

2786. C. P. Hall 

2787. W. van A. Holton 

2788. M. E. Hudson 

2789. J. G. Kirkpatrick 

2790. A. W. Langmuir 

2791. V. F. Maulson 

2792. A. E. McCrea 

2793. W. K. Molson 

2794. P. Osier 

2795. T. P. O'Neill 

2796. L. McN. K. Reed 

2797. A. I. Rice 

2798. P. K. Roper 

2799. P. R. W. Roughton 

2800. D. C. Somers 

2801. T. A. Staunton 

2802. J. R. Stone 

2803. W. T. Whitehead 

2804. R. L. W. Whitehead 

2805. S. H. Ambrose 

2806. R. Atchison 

2807. W. H. Broughall 

2808. D. Bushell 

2809. G. M. Davy 

2810. A. E. de Pencier 

2811. R. P. Duff 

2812. R. A. Fisher 

2813. J. P. T. Gardiner 

2814. D. C. Glass 

2815. G. P. E. Haddon 

2816. R. S. Inglis 

2817. W. E. Jordan 

2818. M. B. Mackenzie 

2819. R. M. Mann 

2820. A. H. Maughan 

2821. R. D. McCloskey 

2822. D. W. McLean 

2823. J. L. Negrete 

2824. F. J. Nobbs 

2825. P. B. Pitcher 

2826. J. C. Poole 

2827. J. D. Southam 

2828. A. K. Stephens 

2829. A. J. E. Twose 

2830. J. L. B. Vaughan 

2831. R. S. Williams 

2832. J. C. Worrell 

2833. G. K. Wray 

2834. C. P. Gwyn 

2835. W. B. Lowe 

2836. A. McD. Ferguson 

2837. J. M. W. Worthington 

2838. R. D. Douglas 

2839. C. S. Deakin 

2840. F. G. McLaren 

2841. P. W. Spragge 

2842. J. W. Swaisland 

2843. I. S. Waldie 

2844. S. Staunton 

2845. J. Alden 

2846. L. Barker 

2847. A. A. C. Becher 

2848. T. H. Bickle 

2849. R. T. D. Birchall 

2850. N. C. Bridger 

2851. A. DeM. H. Burpee 

2852. A. G. Byers 

2853. D. Cleland 

2854. F. E. Cochran 

2855. W. L. Curphey 

2856. J. E. Cutten 

2857. D. V. M. Eakins 

2858. R. W. Emmans 

2859. W. B. Kurtz 

2860. W. J. Leadbeater 

2861. E. L. C. Lindsay 

2862. R. D. McLaren 

2863. W. Mood 



2864. H. S. Morrisey 

2865. P. G. St.G. O'Brian 

2866. J. W. Osborne 

2867. J. M. S. Patton 

2868. A. E. G. Penny 

2869. J. Pullen 

2870. J. C. McGlashan 

2871. W. B. Rogers 

2872. J. K. Ross 

2873. F. T. Smye 

2874. B. G. Southam 

2875. R. H. Tippet 

2876. T. E. G. Vaughan 

2877. M. L. Adler 

2878. C. E. Beck 

2879. T. C. Brainerd 

2880. J. C. Cox 

2881. H. H. Clarke 

2882. C. H. Doolittle 

2883. J. P. Godfrey 

2884. J. E. Harrington 

2885. G. H. Harvey 

2886. E. N. Heighington 

2887. G. W. Hewitt 

2888. A. G. Keiller 

2889. T. B. King 

2890. D. A. Law 

2891. E. G. Macnutt 

2892. W. E. D. Oswald 

2893. J. R. D. Popham 

2894. G. R. Reid 

2895. A. E. Roberts 

2896. C. B. Ross 

2897. H. B. Savage 

2898. G. C. Savage 

2899. H. V. Shaw 

2900. W. G. Vallance 

2901. C. G. Vallance 

2902. J. R. Waugh 

2903. J. G. C. Webb 

2904. T. D. Archibald 

2905. C. F. Dumaresq 

2906. D. McL. Phillips 

2907. J. R. Bunting 

2908. F. E. Wigle 

2909. J. D. Bilkey 

2910. A. D. Russel 

2911. G. H. Trow 

2912. R. J. Trow 

2913. M. B. Allan 

2914. D. H. Armstrong 

2915. P. D. Bankier 

2916. E. F. L. Brunton 

2917. R. H. Burton 

2918. J. M. Greer 

2919. H. W. Kingston 

2920. E. B. C. Reefer 

2921. R. G. Keefer 

2922. D. K. Kennedy 

2923. J. V. Kerrigan 

2924. A. D. McGinnis 

2925. A. V. L. Mills 

2926. C. R. Osier 

2927. W. G. H. Pavey 

2928. B. F. C. Pearson 

2929. H. E. C. Price 

2930. R. F. Redpath 

2931. B. S. Russel 

2932. C. J. Seagram 

2933. G. H. K. Strathy 

2934. F. J. Symington 

2935. C. H. Truax 

2936. D. H. Wigle 

2937. D. R. Ambrose 

2938. J. E. Barber 

2939. J. A. C. Bethune 

2940. G. F. Bonnycastle 

2941. W. G. Braden 

2942. P. M. Chevalier 

2943. J. B. Cleveland 

2944. D. S. Conant 

2945. J. H. Corbett 

2946. N. J. S. DeWind 

2947. E. D. Ede 

2948. J. C. Gibbons 

2949. G. D. Goodfellow 

2950. R. D. Grant 

2951. D. B. Greer 

2952. A. E. Grier 

2953. J. I. Hobson 

2954. C. H. Hunter 

2955. L. G. Johnson 

2956. M. H. Little 

2957. D'A. K. deB. Macdonald 

2958. P. H. McCloskey 

2959. H. J. R. Newman 

2960. R. A. Pacaud 

2961. C. C. Padley 

2962. R. A. Patch 

2963. R. M. Powell 

2964. T. J. M. Reid 

2965. G. W. Ridpath 

2966. Y. E. S. Ryerson 

2967. A. D. D. Thomson 

2968. T. A. Warrell 

2969. C. Hatch 

2970. G. H. Secord 

2971. W. R. C. Bunting 

2972. J. L. Agnew 

2973. R. E. Barnes 

2974. E. V. M. Cape 

2975. D. K. Dawes 

2976. R. A. Fortye 

2977. A. Fleming 

2978. J. S. Gibson 

2979. H. L. Henderson 

2980. L. Hasbrouck 

2981. J. deP. Hasbrouck 

2982. M. G. Johnston 

2983. L. H. R. Jackson 

2984. D. H. Kiesewetter 

2985. G. A. Markham 

2986. W. D. Morris 

2987. deL. E. G. Passy 

2988. A. S. Price 

2989. G. R. Robertson 

2990. P. Hessey- White 

2991. B. S. Williams 

2992. W. R. Wright 

2993. H. H. Wright 

2994. W. W. Baldwin 

2995. J. F. Baillie 

2996. W. McL. Brainerd 

2997. L. I. Carling 

2998. F. C. Clarkson 

2999. E. C. Cutler 

3000. H. F. G. Ede 

3001. J. B. A. Fleming 

3002. F. M. Gibson 

3003. J. R. Grant 

3004. A. S. Graydon 

3005. W. G. Greenfield 

3006. C. A. Heurtley 

3007. W. B. Kiesewetter 

3008. J. F. Kilgour 

3009. G. B. Knox 

3010. A. H. Langdale 

3011. R. S. Nesbitt 

3012. C. M. Nelles 

3013. H. J. S. O'Brien 

3014. R. S. Pettit 

3015. S. W. Pincott 

3016. W. B. Reid 

3017. T. L. Reid 

3018. J. L. Reid 

3019. T. A. G. Staunton 

3020. S. L. Schofield 

3021. T. C. Trenholme 




G. W. F. Turpin 
R. P. Vaughan 
G. M. Williams 
K. Wilson 
L. L. Woods 
J. K. B. Dakin 
J. A. de Regil 
H. M. Grant 

B. B. Hodgson 

C. M. Somerville 
W. McC. Vaughan 
W. A. Black 

R. A. C. Fraser 
J. E. F. Goodger 
V. W. Rowland 
R. C. Kirkpatrick 
P. C. Landry 
E. H. Leather 

E. D. K. Martin 
G. V. McBride 

W. W. S. McConnell 
P. A. McFarlane 
J. L. McLennan 
J. P. Morrisey 
J. A. K. Parr 

F. C. Passy 
J. K. Starnes 
P. J. Ambrose 
M. H. Cassils 
W. S. Chadwick 

D. E. Galloway 
C. W. Goodfellow 

G. G. Hyde 
A. P. LaFleur 
R. S. Locke 
J. S. Mitchell 

C. C. T. Nichols 
H. S. Peck 
W. H. Powell 
H. D. S. Russel 
R. T. West 
W. L. C. White 
A. M. Williams 
V. J. Wynn 
G. H. Nation 
G. E. McCoy 
K. W. A. Bevan 
C. N. Rougvie 
J. R. Stuart 
G. D. E. Warner 
J. F. Ackerman 
G. J. D. Archbold 



3074. W. R. Crump 3127. 

3075. L. H. G. Kortright 3128. 

3076. G. W. Miller 3129. 

3077. W. B. Miller 3130. 

3078. J. H. Mitchell 3131. 

3079. H. J. Scott 3132. 

3080. D. S. Smith 3133. 

3081. E. L. G. Smith 3134. 

3082. D. G. Stevenson 3135. 

3083. D. H. C. Hughes-Hallett 3136. 

3084. D. A. Flock 3137. 

3085. G. P. R. Crampton 3138. 

3086. L. R. McLernon 3139. 

3087. A. R. McLernon 3140. 

3088. E. C. Buck 3141. 

3089. E. H. Curtis 3142. 

3090. J. W. Duncanson 3143. 

3091. R. Mel. Johnson 3144. 

3092. H. J. Kirkpatrick 3145. 

3093. A. D. Lawson 3146. 

3094. W. A. Lawson 3147. 

3095. T. A. McGinnis 3148. 

3096. R. T. Morris 3149. 

3097. H. Russel 3150. 

3098. J. R. Vipond 3151. 

3099. J. W. Atkin 3152. 

3100. N. C. Davis 3153. 

3101. P. H. Douglas 3154. 

3102. F. O. Frederick 3155. 

3103. A. G. Heighington 3156. 

3104. J. M. Henderson 3157. 

3105. E. P. Heybroek 3158. 

3106. J. W. Kerr 3159. 

3107. J. Kline 3160. 

3108. W. G. Martin 3161. 

3109. W. T. Moore 3162. 

3110. P. R. Patch 3163. 

3111. G. L. Rawlinson 3164. 

3112. G. E. Renison 3165. 

3113. R. H. Smith 3166. 

3114. G. H. Smith 3167. 

3115. W.T.Stewart 3168. 

3116. W. Taylor 3169. 

3117. F. F. J. Vipond 3170. 

3118. E. C. Cayley 3171. 

3119. F. D. Carter 3172. 

3120. W. Penfield 3173. 

3121. S. M. Adams 3174. 

3122. R. C. Adams 3175. 

3123. W. M. Hees 3176. 

3124. J. C. Decker 3177. 
3124A. E. D. B. Magee 3178. 

3125. D. G. Partridge 3179. 

3126. E. H. N. Lambert 3180. 

S. N. Lambert 
G. A. A. Chowne 
M. G. Crombie 
G. A. P. Earle 

E. G. Finley 
J. M. Gripton 
J. G. Hampson 
W. C. Harvey 

J. F. McK. Higginbotham 

F. B. Kingston 
D. McL. Irwin 
J. L.ff. Jemmett 

A. J. K. Jukes 

C. O. Lithgow 
N. Locke 

G. T. Lucas 

B. R. B. Magee 
R. F. McBride 

W. A. S. McConnell 
A. Perley-Robertson 
M. L. A. Pochon 
R. M. Reid 
T. B. Seagram 

D. D. Storms 
P. H. Storms 

C. I. P. Tate 
P. Y. Taylor 
J. P. Turcot 

J. A. Warburton 
W. S. Wills 

D. B. H. Wood 
A. C. Beddoe 
K. Russel 

R. P. Beatty 

J. R. C. Cartwright 

S. J. Cartwright 

C. L. Cleland 

J. B. Coleman 

G. C. Douglas 

L. G. Erskine 

A. B. Gray 

J. L. Grover 

J. S. Hayes 

J. A. Heller 

H. H. Hyndman 

J. R. Irwin 

C. T. G. Johnson 
A. R. C. Jones 

J. W. C. Langmuir 

D. J. Lewis 
A. G. Magee 
J. H. Martin 

J. C. McCullough 
R. T. E. McLaughlin 




A. E. Moorhouse 
T. E. Oakley 
H. M. Patch 
J. W. F. Peacock 

F. C. Robinson 
J. L. S. Ross 
P. M. Russel 

G. F. Scott 
J. F. Slee 

E. W. Taylor 
W. E. White 
G. R. Del Rio 
J. Macdonell 
T. L. Alexander 
R. F. Beardshaw 
G. H. Best 
W. B. Black 
J. R. Blanchard 
R. A. Briden 
A. H. Evans 

E. G. Fleet 
P. J. Giffen 
W. E. Greene 
H. G. Hampson 
J. O. Hart 

M. C. Hart 
R. B. Hobbs 
M. B. Holton 

F. T. Hyndman 
R. S. K. Isaacson 

D. F. N. Jones 
H. P. G. Joy 

G. Lane 

J. H. Lawson 
P. J. LeBrooy 
P. B. LeBrooy 
J. B. C. Lloyd 
A. S. LeMesurier 
M. G. Mackenzie 
C. Martin 
P. M. McAvity 
W. J. Mclvor 
A. M. Mclvor 

E. F. Peacock 
H. J. S. Pearson 
C. E. G. Plaxton 
I. B. Reid 

J. H. Robertson 
J. B. Rogers 
G. G. Ross 
W. S. Ross 
J. L. Sylvester 
J. A. C. Taylor 
W. G. Thomson 

3235. C. S. E. Turcot 

3236. J. M. Vallance 

3237. P. B. Vivian 

3238. J. A. G. Wallace 

3239. H. W. Warburton 

3240. F. H. O. Warner 

3241. D. M. Waters 

3242. J. W. Wilson 

3243. G. R. K. Hancock 

3244. W. L. Platt 

3245. H. R. Dignam 

3246. D. A. Sim 

3247. W. F. Swinton 

3248. J. M. Irwin 

3249. D. B. Knapp 

3250. J. D. Knapp 

3251. F. S. Anderson 

3252. J. R. Avery 

3253. W. S. Balfour 

3254. J. A. Beament 

3255. W. H. Beairsto 

3256. W. R. Beatty 

3257. P. E. Britton 

3258. M. C. D. Bowman 

3259. J. Bryson 

3260. C. S. Campbell 

3261. P. H. Cayley 

3262. J. S. Coultis 

3263. D. G. Crawford 

3264. D. A. Currie 

3265. I. J. Davidson 

3266. R. B. Duggan 

3267. W. R. Duggan 

3268. A. B. C. German 

3269. E. E. Gibson 

3270. D. F. B. Garbutt 

3271. J. G. Gardiner 

3272. W. N. Greer 

3273. S. C. Haas 

3274. J. C. R. Harstone 

3275. H. C. Heaven 

3276. L. T. Higgins 

3277. L. J. Holton 

3278. J. C. W. Hope 

3279. F. C. Hope 

3280. F. A. M. Huycke 

3281. J. D. Jellett 

3282. G. K. Jones 

3283. D. H. Joy 

3284. W. H. Langdon 

3285. D. A. Lawson 

3286. J. H. Layne 

3287. C. E. Lyall 

3288. P. B. L. MacKinnon 




G. G. Monro 

A. B. Moore 
H. K. McAvity 
M. K. McLachlan 
J. S. O'Hanlon 
K. G. Phin 

J. K. Rea 

J. G. Redpath 

D. K. Russell 

W. A. Savage 

P. B. Sims 

K. L. A. Sinclitico 

F. P. Sinclitico 
H. A. Speirs 

B. D. Stokes 

J. G. Stratford 
J. S. Thomson 
A. C. Walcot 
J. D. Webster 

C. B. Wessels 
R. L. Westell 
H. P. Wills 

G. E. Woodside 
P. A. Wood 

J. G. Waters 

A. E. Gourlay 

J. N. Gourlay 


J. A. Stewart 

C. Stewart 
J. E. Hanna 

D. E. P. Armour 
P. G. D. Armour 
J. W. Barnett 

W. R. Berkinshaw 
J. D. Boggs 

C. A. Burrows 
T. A. Caldwell 
J. C. Cawley 
K. D. Clark 

F. E. Clark 

G. F. Crum 
W. B. Dalton 

D. S. Dignam 

E. C. Elliot 

L. D. Erenhous 
D. F. Fairweather 
J. S. N. Forbes 
H. D. Fullerton 
M. D. Greene 
P. B. Heaton 

D. D. Hogarth 
J. M. Holton 

E. Howard 

3343. R. D. Hume 

3344. W. H. Jackson 

3345. W. M. Jarvis 

3346. C. W. Kerry 

3347. G. F. P. Layne 

3348. J. R. LeMesurier 

3349. G. R. McLaughlin 

3350. R. T. Morton 

3351. I. G. Murray 

3352. T. F. H. O'Connor 

3353. D. M. O'Grady 

3354. R. L. Ott 

3355. E. M. Parker 

3356. C. M. Patch 

3357. C. G. Paterson 

3358. P. C. S. Robarts 

3359. C. C. Ronalds 

3360. R. G. Spence 

3361. C. H. A. Spencer 

3362. I. C. Stewart 

3363. B. Svenningson 

3364. J. J. Symons 

3365. C. A. Walkem 

3366. L. L. Wright 

3367. M. H. Olds 

3368. H. K. Olds 

3369. T. W. Fairlie 

3370. J. P. Lawson 

3371. L. C. Burns 

3372. R. H. Atkin 

3373. J. McN. Austin 

3374. R. I. Birks 

3375. G. C. Bovaird 

3376. B. J. K. Cheyney 

3377. J. R. del Rio 

3378. M. F. Dewdney 

3379. W. R. Fleming 

3380. M. A. Gibbons 

3381. D. C. Higginbotham 

3382. R. A. Hope 

3383. D. W. Huestis 

3384. R. M. Hull 

3385. J. D. Jackson 

3386. O. T. C. Jones 

3387. D. I. M. Keefler 

3388. D. M. Keegan 

3389. R. G. Keyes 

3390. R. V. Kovacs 

3391. F. O. S. Lewin 

3392. I. R. Macdonald 

3393. A. J. F. Mackintosh 

3394. A. R. McLean 

3395. W. S. Melville 

3396. F. H. S. B. Michael 



3397. A. E. Millward 3405. 

3398. G. P. Morris 3406. 

3399. R. D. Moysey 3407. 

3400. C. Nicholas 3408. 

3401. H. B. Paterson 3409. 

3402. N. R. Paterson 3410. 

3403. C. B. Paterson 3411. 

3404. J. H. Perry 3412. 


3413. J. W. P. Draper 3456. 

3414. B. P. Hayes 3457. 

3415. J. C. Thompson 3458. 

3416. N. F. Thompson 3459. 

3417. P. G. C. Ketchum 3460. 

3418. P. W. Morse 3461. 

3419. C. E. deL. Panel 3462. 

3420. J. K. P. Allen 3463. 

3421. L. R. Berry 3464. 

3422. D. M. Blaiklock 3465. 

3423. J. F. D. Boulden 3566. 

3424. S. J. Bowman 3467. 

3425. J. P. Brocklebank 3468. 

3426. R. W. Brown 3469. 

3427. J. D. Butler 3470. 

3428. H. C. Butterfield 3471. 

3429. G. C. Caldbick 3472. 

3430. G. K. Caldwell 3473. 

3431. D. G. O. Carmichael 3474. 

3432. B. W. Gate 3475. 

3433. G. A. Charrington 3476. 

3434. A. H. Charters 3477. 

3435. W. H. Chase 3478. 

3436. W. N. A. Chipman 3479. 

3437. L. D. Clarke 3480. 

3438. D. M. Culver 3481. 

3439. G. H. Curtis 3482. 

3440. J. H. B. Dodd 3483. 

3441. J. A. C. Duncan 3484. 

3442. O. Edmonds 3485. 

3443. R. G. W. Goodall 3486. 

3444. D. H. Grand 3487. 

3445. J. G. Greig 3488. 

3446. M. Hare 3489. 

3447. P. D. Hare 3490. 

3448. O. D. Harvey 3491. 

3449. A. Healey 3492. 

3450. W. R. B. Herridge 3493. 

3451. E. W. Hiam 3494. 

3452. R. G. T. Huckell 3495. 

3453. P. M. Irwin 3496. 

3454. R. S. Jarvis 3497. 

3455. D. M. Johnson 3498. 

R. P. Stokes 
W. G. M. Strong 
J. B. I. Sutherland 
F. V. Topping 
P. A. Turcot 
R. A. R. Dewar 
J. D. Thompson 
H. E. Thompson 

W. F. Kennedy 

J. A. Lawson 

R. Leckie 

R. V. LeSueur 

G. M. Locke 

J. M. Locke 

B. G. Love 

J. L. MacLaren 

J. W. Maltby 

W. G. Mathers 

J. N. Matthews 

J. H. McCaughey 

D. W. McLaughlin 

R. E. S. Morgan 

A. H. G. Murray 

A. M. Nesbitt 
G. O'Hanlon 

B. R. B. Paterson 
J. J. M. Paterson 
G. A. Payne 

N. J. D. Prescott 
M. S. Reford 
D. H. Roenisch 
R. F. Sanders 

D. M. Saunderson 
K. A. C. Scott 

S. A. Searle 

F. J. H. Simpson 

A. A. G. Smith 

E. T. Stanger 
T. R. Stee 

P. C. Stratford 

B. A. B. Sully 

F. F. C. Sutcliffe 

G. L. Tracy 
T. S. Willis 
R. A. Wisener 

H. McL. Woodward 
R. F. Wynne 
D. A. Decker 
R. A. Burdet 
J. W. L. Goering 
R. M. Holman 



3499. F. B. Jackson 

3500. W. D. MacCallan 

3501. R. E. Mackie 

3502. J. B. B. Stewart 

3503. M. F. Young 

3504. S. B. Young 

3505. D. H. Wilson 

3506. R. A. Boyle 

3507. D. V. Deverall 

3508. O. F. W. Fisher 

3509. G. R. Sneath 

3510. C. D. Anthony 

3511. W. R. Boulton 

3512. R. W. Bond 

3513. J. A. Abraham 

3514. J. B. Austin 

3515. M. R. Balfour 

3516. K. Bannister 

3517. W. J. M. Beeman 

3518. E. P. Black 

3519. C. A. Q. Bovey 

3520. D. A. Brooks 

3521. I. L. Campbell 

3522. D. L. Common 

3523. C. Crowe 

3524. W. A. Curtis 

3525. D. A. Davidson 

3526. R. E. Day 

3527. R. V. Drewry 

3528. S. C. Edmonds 

3529. M. J. Fitzgerald 

3530. H. French 

3531. D. H. Fricker 

3532. G. T. Fulford 

3533. P. J. Gadsden 

3534. P. A. K. Giles 

3535. J. H. Gray 

3536. P. N. Haller 

3537. A. H. Harris 

3538. R. McR. Hogarth 

3539. J. L. Hope 

3540. E. J. M. Huycke 

3541. H. A. Hyde 

3542. T. M. Jaques 

3543. P. C. Johnston 

3544. D. V. Ketchum 

3545. S. P. Kirby 

3546. R. M. Kirkpatrick 

3547. S. H. C. Knapp 

3548. G. D. Laing 

3549. P. B. Mackenzie 

3550. D. D. Macdonald 

3551. H. A. MacLean 

3552. H. D. Millar 

3553. D. W. Morgan 

3554. R. B. Nicol 

3555. J. A. Paterson 

3556. R. C. Paterson 

3557. A. J. Penfield 

3558. W. M. Phillips 

3559. J. G. Phippen 

3560. W. G. Phippen 

3561. G. V. Piper 

3562. R. M. Ransford 

3563. E. B. M. S. Reford 

3564. R. W. Savage 

3565. D. B. Schwartz 

3566. J. St. D. Smythe 

3567. J. B. S. Southey 

3568. D. E. Stanger 

3569. A. M. Stewart 

3570. A. F. W. Thow 

3571. D. A. Walker 

3572. J. M. Walker 

3573. J. M. H. Whitfield 

3574. R. H. Wharton 

3575. A. D. Wheeler 

3576. J. B. Wight 

3577. G. L. Wilkinson 

3578. W. R. Wyman 

3579. T. E. B. Sopwith 

3580. A. G. Beamish 

3581. W. J. R. Edwards 

3582. J. S. Hardaker 

3583. J. P. Holman 

3584. R. E. Hopkins 

3585. S. A. Moore 

3586. M. Overhoff 

3587. M. L. Wall 
3587A. S. Riddell 

3588. H. C. D. Cox 

3589. A. C. A. Adamson 

3590. P. G. McC. Banister 

3591. G. E. Bedore 

3592. T. A. Bevan 

3593. M. L. Boyd 

3594. D. I. W. Braide 

3595. M. T. H. Brodeur 

3596. C. D. D. Burland 

3597. R. D. Butterfield 

3598. I. B. Campbell 

3599. A. E. Carlisle 

3600. M. A. Cawley 

3601. N. V. Chapman 

3602. D. A. Chester 

3603. G. E. Cooper 

3604. J. A. Cooper 

3605. G. N. McD. Currie 



3606. J. A. Dalton 

3607. V. Dawson 

3608. G. F. Day 

3609. D. J. Delahaye 

3610. P. C. Dobell 

3611. J. P. Fisher 

3612. D. A. Foster 

3613. J. G. Gibson 

3614. P. L. Gilbert 

3615. C. A. W. Gillan 

3616. M. A. C. Goddard 

3617. E. C. Gordon 

3618. F. A. H. Greenwood 

3619. D. S. Hare 

3620. T. E. Hungerford 

3621. T. H. Hunloke 

3622. T. Huxley 

3623. J. P. Ingham 

3624. M. B. James 

3625. G. T. Lee 

3626. C. W. Long 

3627. W. G. Lyon 

3628. C. C. Mahaffy 

3629. F. J. Main 

3630. F. D. Malloch 

3631. D. M. Martin 

3632. J. W. M. Mathews 

3633. A. de W. Mathewson 

3634. A. S. Millholland 

3635. P. H. Mclntyre 

3636. W. R. McLaughlin 

3637. H. McLennan 

3638. J. R. McMurrich 

3639. J. R. Nicholson 

3640. R. R. Patterson 

3641. G. A. H. Pearson 

3642. P. A. Richardson 

3643. G. L. Robarts 

3644. R. W. S. Robertson 

3645. R. C. V. Robins 

3646. G. B. Rutherford 

3647. P. C. Schell 

3648. C. J. Scott 

3649. J. W. Short 

3650. E. McC. Sinclair 

3651. R. V. S. Smith 

3652. A. M. Snelgrove 

3653. M. B. Sutherland 

3654. J. H. D. VandenBergh 

3655. G. P. Vernon 

3656. J. R. de C. Warner 

3657. T. McC. Wade 

3658. H. W. Welsford 

3659. R. A. Whitney 

3660. F. J. Wilkinson 

3661. J. P. Williamson 

3662. W. G. McDougall 

3663. C. O. Spencer 

3664. R. E. D. Montagu 

3665. R. F. Abel-Smith 

3666. G. O. Fawcett 

3667. G. E. Holland-Martin 

3668. C. A. Laing 

3669. N. R. B. Sowdon 

3670. A. R. Williams 

3671. J. C. Barber 

3672. J. G. N. Gordon 

3673. N. H. G. Anderson 

3674. J. M. Armour 

3675. A. McN. Austin 

3676. S. P. Baker 

3677. F. A. Barrow 

3678. J. S. Barton 

3679. P. M. Bird 

3680. P. M. Blake 

3681. W. J. Brewer 

3682. T. G. R. Brinckman 

3683. A. W. Brodeur 

3684. A. J. D. Browne 

3685. N. T. Burland 

3686. D. A. Campbell 

3687. G. R. Campbell 

3688. R. S. Carson 

3689. W. M. Conyers 

3690. W. N. Conyers 

3691. F. H. S. Cooper 

3692. W. M. Cox 

3693. A. Croll 

3694. H. A. Gumming 

3695. D. N. Dalley 

3696. J. B. Dawson 

3697. M. J. Dignam 

3698. W. M. Dobell 

3699. J. W. Dobson 

3700. J. W. Durnford 

3701. J. S. Evans 

3702. G. N. Fisher 

3703. B. E. Fitzgerald 

3704. J. B. French 

3705. D. E. D. Gill 

3706. J. H. Gill 

3707. P. L. E. Goering 

3708. H. P. Goodbody 

3709. W. H. Grafftey 

3710. D. S. Grier 

3711. E. P. Gundry 

3712. J. M. Hallward 

3713. D. W. Hawke 


3714. G. L. G. Henshaw 3766. 

3715. R. A. Hope 3766A. 

3716. J. P. Howe 3767. 

3717. A. G. T. Hughes 3768. 

3718. J. A. Hughes 3769. 

3719. D. J. Hutchings 3770. 

3720. P. T. Ingham 3771. 

3721. K. C. Lambert 3772. 

3722. T. W. Lawson 3773. 

3723. J. R. Ligertwood 3774. 

3724. D. K. Livingstone 3775. 

3725. R. F. Lucas 3776. 

3726. S. T. Lucas 3777. 

3727. B. A. Macdonald 3778. 

3728. O. R. Macklem 3779. 

3729. J. D. McDonough 3780. 

3730. S. E. McDonough 3781. 

3731. M. F. McDowell 3782. 

3732. M. E. McLennan 3783. 

3733. R. M. Merry 3784. 

3734. W. H. McK. Palmer 3785. 

3735. G. E. Pearson 3786. 

3736. T. C. Potter 3787. 

3737. J. A. M. Prower 3788. 

3738. P. C. Robson 3789. 

3739. J. F. Rose 3790. 

3740. C. S. Sanborn 3791. 

3741. D. A. H. Snowdon 3792. 

3742. W. J. H. Southam 3793. 

3743. R. A. C. Strathy 3794. 

3744. A. Tessier 3795. 

3745. K. C. Tessier 3796. 

3746. W. J. A. Toole 3797. 

3747. P. F. K. Tuer 3798. 

3748. C. C. Van Straubenzee 3799. 

3749. R. L. Watts 3800. 

3750. G. D. White 3801. 

3751. P. A. White 3802. 

3752. W. D. Wigle 3803. 

3753. D. M. Willoughby 3804. 

3754. J. R. Woods 3805. 

3755. M. E. Wright 3806. 
3755A. R. M. McDerment 3807. 
3755B. D. C. Mackenzie 3808. 

3756. N. G. Browne 3809. 

3757. W. A. Peters 3810. 

3758. D. M. Armour 3811. 

3759. P. T. Carswell 3812. 

3760. D. R. H. Fawcett 3813. 

3761. M. N. U. Knox 3814. 

3762. G. W. Lehman 3815. 

3763. I. B. McRae 3816. 

3764. A. G. Munro 3817. 

3765. N. G. Woods 3818. 

J. D. McCaghey 
J. A. C. Ketchum 
M. P. Carr-Harris 
W. S. Carhartt 
G. A. Collins 
D. H. W. Ford 
H. A. Lamb 
J. G. Rickaby 
M. Cosio 
J. A. Cosio 
P. H. R. Alley 
D. E. Banks 
A. McF. Barnes 
P. C. P. Bate 
J. D. Beattie 
C. W. Bermingham 
L. K. Black 
W. M. H. Boultbee 
J. J. H. Boultbee 
R. P. Bowles 
J. F. Brinckman 
. M. Bronfman 
G. F. Brooks 
J. H. Caldbick 
W. M. Carroll 
T. M. W. Chitty 
W. F. B. Church 
J. D. de Pencier 
H. D. Dignam 

C. G. H. Drew 
T. K. Drummond 

D. J. Emery 
T. S. Fennell 
D. W. Fulford 
R. H. Gaunt 

D. I. F. Graham 

D. E. J. Greenwood 
H. E. S. Grout 

T. M. H. Hall 

E. W. D. Hamilton 
G. P. Harley 

C. W. Hawke 
E. D. Hibbard 
A. D. Howard 
J. N. Hughes 
G. M. Huycke 
P. D. L. Johnston 
P. A. Kelk 
A. Kingman 
J. S. Knox 
J. K. Langdon 
P. S. C. Luke 
P. T. Macklem 
R. J. Moffitt 



3819. J. D. Morgan 

3820. J. S. Morgan 

3821. T. H. MacDowell 

3822. A. K. MacLaren 

3823. H. C. McConnell 

3824. J. W. McGill 

3825. D. D. Mclntyre 

3826. D. B. McPherson 

3827. W. K. Newcomb 

3828. P. McL. Pangman 

3829. G. C. Pilcher 

3830. C. N. Pitt 

3831. S. B. Pratt 

3832. J. D. Prentice 

3833. E. E. Price 

3834. T. H. Ralph 

3835. W. J. F. Ray 

3836. I. F. H. Rogers 

3837. J. B. Rogers 

3838. N. D. Saunders 

3839. F. L. Scott 

3840. W. D. Shannon 

3841. E. T. Spencer 

3842. B. C. S. B. Stevens 

3843. J. C. Stone 

3844. G. K. Stratford 

3845. W. H. R. Tanner 

3846. G. O. Taylor 

3847. G. B. Taylor 

3848. J. L. Thornton 

3849. F. Weicker 

3850. A. C. B. Wells 

3851. E. A. R. Whitehead 

3852. F. W. Wilson 

3853. J. S. Wismer 

3854. S. E. Woods 

3855. R. B. Wyman 

3856. J. C. Murray 

3857. R. C. Charron 

3858. H. S. Frith 

3859. L. A. M. Reford 

3860. C. C. Wells 

3861. G. E. H. Ballard 

3862. C. J. Bermingham 

3863. A. C. M. Black 

3864. J. H. Brodeur 

3865. C. R. Bronfman 

3866. S. M. Brooks 

3867. I. B. Bruce 

3868. S. B. Bruce 

3869. N. B. Butterfield 

3870. D. R. Byers 

3871. G. A. Caldbick 

3872. R. G. Church 

3873. T. O'B. Cowan 

3874. J. A. Dame 

3875. J. C. Deadman 

3876. D. A. Doheny 

3877. B. P. Drummond 

3878. J. C. Duffield 

3879. W. J. Farley 

3880. G. B. deW. Gillespie 

3881. D. R. Gilley 

3882. D. H. Gilmour 

3883. G. H. Gundy 

3884. I. S. Hamilton 

3885. F. N. S. Harvie 

3886. W. A. Heard 

3887. E. M. Hoffman 

3888. M. F. James 

3889. A. J. Lafleur 

3890. H. P. Lafleur 

3891. K. G. Marshall 

3892. M. T. Luke 

3893. G. M. Luxton 

3894. R. M. Maier 

3895. P. G. Martin 

3896. R. C. Meredith 

3897. R. J. McCullagh 

3898. J. R. McDowell 

3899. D. G. McKinnon 

3900. N. M. McKinnon 

3901. F. J. Norman 

3902. D. V. Oatway 

3903. A. W. B. Osier 

3904. A. K. Paterson 

3905. S. W. E. Pepler 

3906. J. A. Powell 

3907. L. D. Rhea 

3908. P. R. Scowen 

3909. P. Y. Southam 

3910. D. G. Sweny 

3911. R. J. A. Tench 

3912. C. Thomson 

3913. H. H. Vernon 

3914. W. E. Waters 

3915. T. D. Wilding 

3916. J. T. Wood 

3917. C. A. Woolley 

3918. T. A. Wright 

3919. B. B. Everest 

3920. J. H. Sansom 

3921. I. B. R. Montizambert 

3922. D. Y. Bogue 

3923. R. Burns 

3924. H. D. B. Clark 

3925. I. T. H. C. Adamson 

3926. A. O. Aitken 


3927. R. J. Anderson 

3928. R. D. A. Ashton 

3929. J. W. Austin 

3930. M. B. Barrow 

3931. E. D. Bascom 

3932. C. D. Beaubien 

3933. W. J. D. Boucher 

3934. I. H. D. Bovey 

3935. A. C. Brewer 

3936. R. A. O. Brown 

3937. C. N. A. Butterfield 

3938. A. B. Chaplin 

3939. J. P. Chaplin 

3940. H. C. R. Christie 

3941. R. T. Cooper 

3942. J. C. Cooper 

3943. M. J. Cox 

3944. C. B. Crawford 

3945. D. H. E. Cross 

3946. R. L. B. Dewar 

3947. W. I. K. Drynan 

3948. H. M. E. Durnford 

3949. C. W. Elderkin 

3950. J. P. Elliott 

3951. J. W. Ensinck 

3952. M. T. Fogden 

3953. V. L. Harvey 

3954. W. E. M. Hazell 

3955. P. S. Hunt 

3956. P. R. Hylton 

3957. F. L. R. Jackman 

3958. R. O. Kilborn 

3959. H. M. McK. Lewis 

3960. B. W. Little 

3961. K. M. Manning 

3962. D. C. McDonald 

3963. D. D. McGregor 

3964. J. K. McGregor 

3965. E. P. Muntz 

3966. J. H. Nevin 

3967. M. E. Ormiston 

3968. D. B. Osier 

3969. J. A. Palmer 

3970. G. S. Pasmore 

3971. H. H. Quinn 

3972. G. B. O. Richardson 

3973. J. O. Robertson 

3974. C. M. D. Ross 

3975. J. D. Ross 

3976. J. D. L. Ross 

3977. C. W. Savage 

3978. W. A. Seagram 

3979. M. C. Sifton 

3980. W. A. Smith 

3981. J. B. Stirling 

3982. R. T. R. Strachan 

3983. J. G. B. Strathy 

3984. H. S. B. Symons 

3985. C. M. Taylor 

3986. C. P. B. Taylor 

3987. M. D. Thompson 

3988. R. N. Timmins 

3989. G. V. Vallance 

3990. A. W. J. Van Eybergen 

3991. R. M. Walrath 

3992. D. A. Wevill 

3993. P. B. Wilson 

3994. R. M. Wood 

3995. K. H. Wright 

3996. C. J. W. Harris 

3997. R. D. Fullerton 

3998. J. R. M. Gordon 

3999. B. P. Bogue 

4000. J. T. Arklay 

4001. C. C. M. Baker 

4002. T. J. Ballantyne 

4003. C. R. Bateman 

4004. R. P. A. Bingham 

4005. C. E. Bird 

4006. B. C. Bongard 

4007. J. D. M. Brierley 

4008. D. C. Budge 

4009. L. H. Burdock 

4010. C. H. Church 

4011. E. L. Clarke 

4012. P. N. Clarke 

4013. D. L. Cleland 

4014. D. W. G. Cook 

4015. W. O. N. Cooper 

4016. J. P. Denny 

4017. J. B. Dennys 

4018. M. C. de Pencier 

4019. J. F. deWatteville 

4020. R. R. Faryon 

4021. P. E. Godfrey 

4022. N. P. Godfrey 

4023. J. A. L. Gordon 

4024. W. G. Harris 

4025. R. M. L. Heenan 

4026. D. Hughes 

4027. J. R. de J. Jackson 

4028. J. M. Jamieson 

4029. R. W. Johnson 

4030. T. R. Kennedy 

4031. D. I. Lawson 

4032. G. E. F. Lick 

4033. K. A. W. Martin 

4034. C. J. F. Merston 




B. Mo wry 



J. D. MacGregor 



G. L. M. Mackenzie-Kennedy 



D. E. MacKinnon 



A. A. Nanton 



D. L. Nevin 



R. M. Pepler 



D. M. Pierce 



P. E. Pirn 



J. C. Rawlinson 



R. P. Robarts 



P. C. Roe 



N. M. Seagram 



D. A. P. Smith 



E. S. Stephenson 



M. W. Strange 



S. D. L. Symons 



J. R. Timmins 



R. L. Van den Bergh 



J. D. Williams 



I. M. Wills 



W. W. Winspear 



J. C. Bonnycastle 



M. K. Bonnycastle 



G. K. Oman 



B. R. Start 



J. C. W. Armstrong 



R. A. N. Bonnycastle 



P. R. Boughner 



W. F. Boughner 



F. K. Cassels 



W. A. R. Cooke 



J. C. Cowan 



E. A. Day 



H. G. Day 



J. E. Dodge 



J. A. Dolph 



J. de B. Domville 



E. D. Dover 



G. S. Drynan 



D. L. C. Dunlap 



J. E. Emery 



J. L. Fisken 



D. R. Gilham 



P. A. Greey 



M. A. Hargraft 



D. G. Mel. Hayman 



A. O. Hendrie 



W. J. G. Hinder 



R. T. C. Humphreys 



G. F. Hutcheson 



R. W. LeVan 



D. W. Luxton 



M. S. Mather 


B. Miller 
D. P. Mitchell 
H. D. Molson 
J. B. Molson 
B. W. Maclnnes 
R. H. McCaughey 
J. A. S. McGlennon 
R. J. W. McPherson 

D. McTaggart 

E. B. Newcomb 

A. Phillips 

P. G. Phippen 
J. Polak 

B. T. Rogers 
J. D. Seagram 
D. A. Selby 

C. M. Seymour 

C. P. R. L. Slater 
J. B. Spence 

D. W. Thomson 
H. G. Watts 

J. M. Wilson 
W. A. Kyle 

E. H. A. Emery 
E. V. Fraenkel 
W. A. DuMoulin 
J. T. Miller 

E. H. Ten Broek 

W. F. Gold 

G. A. Allan 

D. A. Barbour 

R. F. Blackburn 

J. R. Blaikie 

J. A. Board 

G. L. Boone 

J. P. Borden 

P. M. D. Bradshaw 

J. D. Crawford 

J. B. W. Cumberland 

J. M. Cundill 

G. S. Currie 

P. A. Davis 

P. W. A. Davison 

A. D. Donald 

M. I. G. C. Dowie 

J. H. Dowker 

P. G. Edange 

V. S. Emery 

K. M. Fleming 

T. G. C. Gibson 

P. L. Gordon 

C. M. B. Gossage 
G. C. Hamilton 

D. A. Hanson 



4143. D. G. Harris 

4144. M. T. Hazen 

4145. W. J. Helm 

4146. J. McL. Heywood 

4147. A. J. B. Higgins 

4148. B. R. Humble 

4149. J. D. Hylton 

4150. P. C. A. E. Jennings 

4151. W. R. Jennings 

4152. M. J. King 

4153. D. M. Mann 

4154. J. R. A. Merry 

4155. H. R. A. Montemurro 

4156. J. A. McKee 

4157. A. R. McKim 

4158. W. S. C. McLaren 

4159. D. S. Osier 

4160. J. M. Parfitt 

4161. R. R. Robertson 

4162. P. H. Roe 

4163. A. G. Ross 

4164. C. H. Ruddy 

4165. J. R. Ruddy 

4166. T. A. Rutley 

4190. B. R. Angus 

4191. C. St. J. Anstis 

4192. D. M. Arkell 

4193. R. S. Arnold 

4194. P. G. Barbour 

4195. C. H. J. Bingham 

4196. A. H. Bogert 

4197. J. B. Bond 

4198. C. R. Brine 

4199. P. J. P. Burns 

4200. A. M. Campbell 

4201. J. C. Cape 

4202. D. E. Cape 

4203. J. R. Cartwright 

4204. D. S. Caryer 

4205. J. M. Chapleau 

4206. R. A. Chauvin 

4207. J. M. Colman 

4208. J. C. Coriat 

4209. P. O. Dalgleish 

4210. M. R. L. Davies 

4211. T. R. Derry 

4212. C. K. Dillane 

4213. R. K. Ferric 

4214. J. D. Flynn 

4215. J. P. Giffen 

4216. D. I. Goodman 


L. A. W. Sams 


C. H. Scott 


R. G. Seagram 
D. B. Showier 


C. R. Simonds 


F. P. Stephenson 
P. H. Stevens-Guille 


D. H. Stewart 


J. D. Sutherland 
R. B. W. Tench 


R. E. J. C. Thatcher 
H. F. Walker 


G. G. Watson 


R. B. V. Weir 


W. T. Whitehead 


M. J. A. Wilson 
D. M. Wood 


R. H. deS. Wotherspoon 
A. T. Wright 
R. I. K. Young 
P. J. Budge 
J. A. Cran 
I. H. A. Paterson 



D. C. Hayes 
D. J. Henderson 
M. H. Higgins 
D. Higgins 
R. B. Hodgetts 
J. R. Hulse 
W. A. H. Hyland 
F. McK. Irwin 


D. N. Johnson 
P. F. McK. Jones 
J. T. Kennish 
D. S. Kertland 


B. B. Leech 


J. H. Long 
D'A. G. Luxton 


A. K. R. Martin 


W. G. Mason 


A. D. Massey 
R. Matthews 


T. M. Mayberry 
W. J. G. Moore 
H. J. Moor 
J. A. Price 
D. M. Price 


W. D. Rawcliffe 


C. G. Reeves 


O. A. F. Ries 



4244. D. C. Roffey 

4245. E. T. Rogers 

4246. J. S. Rumball 

4247. C. E. S. Ryley 

4248. J. R. S. Ryley 

4249. P. F. M. Saegert 

4250. C. J. Sams 

4251. D. L. Seymour 

4252. H. T. D. Tanner 

4253. W. D. S. Thomas 

4254. G. H. Thompson 

4255. T. G. Trickett 

4256. S. H. G. Trickett 

4257. J. W. Walker 

4258. M. C. Webb 

4259. A. R. Winnett 

4260. A. S. Wotherspoon 

4261. J. E. Yale 

4262. R. V. MacCosham 

4263. R. M. Borland 

4264. D. G. Aitchison 

4265. J. A. M. Binnie 

4266. N. T. Boyd 

4267. J. A. Brown 

4268. H. M. Burns 

4269. D. L. Colbourne 

4270. D. S. Colbourne 

4271. W. B. Connell 

4272. G. R. Dalgleish 

4273. D. B. Dewdney 

4274. J. W. Dunlop 

4275. P. J. Durham 

4276. R. F. Eaton 

4277. M. E. A. Elwell 

4278. C. J. English 

4279. R. W. George 

4280. A. P. Graydon 

4281. W. R. Guthridge 

4282. A. M. Hardy 

4283. J. C. Hierlihy 

4284. J. R. Houston 

4285. S. Van E. Irwin 

4286. R. E. A. James 

4287. P. M. Kilburn 

4288. A. B. Lash 

4289. J. R. M. Lash 

4290. P. F. Lazier 

4291. D. M. Leslie 

4292. P. R. E. Levedag 

4293. J. H. Loos 

4294. C. D. Maclnnes 

4295. D. C. Marett 

4296. D. G. F. Marpole 

4297. J. R. Mills 

4298. I. S. M. Mitchell 

4299. B. McL. C. Overholt 

4300. J. A. Parker 

4301. J. G. Penny 

4302. W. R. Porritt 

4303. R. C. Proctor 

4304. A. J. Ralph 

4305. R. H. F. Rayson 

4306. D. D. Ross 

4307. H. L. Ross 

4308. H. M. Scott 

4309. R. C. Sherwood 

4310. M. J. Tamplin 

4311. C. N. Thornton 

4312. F. B. C. Tice 

4313. N. T. Timmins 

4314. W. W. Trowsdale 

4315. A. A. Van Straubenzee 

4316. I. R. Walker 

4317. D. A. Walters 

4318. B. G. Wells 

4319. C. C. West 

4320. P. D. Woolley 

4321. P. T. Wurtele 

4322. C. J. Yorath 

4323. R. G. Mair 

4324. T. I. A. Allen 

4325. I. W. M. Angus 

4326. R. A. Armstrong 

4327. M. J. Audain 

4328. R. J. Austin 

4329. R. S. Bannerman 

4330. J. R. B. Beattie 

4331. W. R. P. Blackwell 

4332. K. A. Blake 

4333. J. W. Boake 

4334. H. B. Bowen 

4335. T. R. Carsley 

4336. L. T. Colman 

4337. J. D. Connell 

4338. F. B. M. Cowan 

4339. R. I. Cristall 

4340. J. D. Crowe 

4341. D. A. Drummond 

4342. H. S. Ellis 

4343. D. R. Fairbairn 

4344. F. M. Gordon 

4345. M. D. Guinness 

4346. C. G. Gustafson 

4347. N. W. Gustafson 

4348. B. A. Haig 

4349. T. J. Ham 

4350. J. J. T. Harris 

4351. D. N. Hodgetts 



4352. P. A. Hope 

4353. J. H. Hyland 

4354. W. A. K. Jenkins 

4355. B. L. C. Kells 

4356. J. Kerbel 

4357. N. F. J. Ketchum 

4358. B. W. Kirkpatrick 

4359. D. W. Knight 

4360. P. M. Krohn 

4361. R. H. C. Labatt 

4362. S. P. Lennard 

4363. E. A. Long 

4364. G. J. W. McKnight 

4365. A. McR. Minard 

4366. D. C. M. Mitchell 

4367. R. D. Mulholland 

4368. K. F. Newland 

4369. W. J. Noble 

4370. J. A. M. Overholt 

4371. J. R. Parker 

4372. C. L. E. Rindfleisch 

4373. F. B. Saksena 

4374. L. G. Samuel 

4375. S. A. Saunders 

4376. R. W. Savage 

4377. J. G. Scott 

4378. P. H. Scowen 

4379. H. B. Snell 

4380. M. C. Spencer 

4381. P. M. Spicer 

4382. J. L. Spivak 

4383. M. G. G. Thompson 

4384. C. J. Tottenham 

4385. J. W. McL. Verral 

4386. R. A. Walker 

4387. J. B. Watson 

4388. H. D. M. Jemmett 

4389. M. J. Powell 

4390. J. F. Tollestrup 

4391. R. F. van der Zwaan 

4392. M. J. Wilkinson 

4393. M. W. G. Garthwaite 

4394. J. G. Arnold 

4395. J. McC. Baxter 

4396. W. I. C. Binnie 

4397. W. J. Blackburn 

4398. D. G. P. Butler 

4399. P. W. Carsley 

4400. J. F. Christie 

4401. J. W. Christie 

4402. P. A. Creery 

4403. N. S. Dafoe 

4404. R. M. Defoe 

4405. C. H. S. Dunbar 

4406. J. M. Embury 

4407. D. J. Fyshe 

4408. J. Garland 

4409. J. N. Gilbert 

4410. D. M. Graydon 

4411. P. N. Gross 

4412. H. Hardy 

4413. J. W. G. Harris 

4414. W. J. Henning 

4415. R. P. Hewson 

4416. C. J. Humble 

4417. P. B. M. Hyde 

4418. W. S. Ince 

4419. E. J. D. Ketchum 

4420. S. C. Lamb 

4421. W. R. Langlois 

4422. T. E. Leather 

4423. A. G. LeMoine 

4424. J. E. Little 

4425. G. B. Marshall 

4426. G. W. McCullagh 

4427. M. A. Meighen 

4428. H. L. Murray 

4429. D. G. Orr 

4430. J. T. Palmer 

4431. P. J. Paterson 

4432. B. T. Powelson 

4433. J. L. G. Richards 

4434. F. K. A. Rutley 

4435. M. L. Sawyer 

4436. K. G. Scott 

4437. D. R. Smith 

4438. R. P. Smith 

4439. D. T. Stockwood 

4440. D. M. C. Sutton 

4441. R. M. L. Towle 

4442. A. G. Turner 

4443. J. A. H. Vernon 

4444. J. N. E. Wilson 

4445. S. Winton 

4446. C. M. Wrong 

4447. P. E. Bedford- Jones 

4448. R. T. Newland 

4449. P. A. Allen 

4450. J. M. Band 

445 1 . M. H. H. Bedford-Jones 

4452. G. M. Black 

4453. R. E. Brookes 

4454. A. G. Bruyns 

4455. J. A. Burton 

4456. N. Campbell 

4457. C. E. Chaffey 

4458. C. W. Colby 

4459. C. L. Davies 



4460. P. M. Davoud 

4461. J. E. Day 

4462. P. W. Dick 

4463. J. R. C. Dowie 

4464. J. R. Empey 

4465. D. B. Farnsworth 

4466. J. W. Fuller 

4467. D. H. Gordon 

4468. H. D. L. Gordon 

4469. T. M. Gray 

4470. E. C. Gurney 

4471. R. T. Hall 

4472. R. S. Hamer 

4473. T. P. Hamilton 

4474. W. E. Holton 

4475. M. L. G. Joy 

4476. J. C. Ketchum 

4477. H. M. Lerch 

4478. H. P. Lerch 

4479. I. M. McAvity 

4480. T. R. S. Melville 

4481. J. E. Mockridge 

4482. W. P. Molson 

4483. D. R. Outerbridge 

4484. R. H. Peene 

4485. E. G. Price 

4486. T. R. Price 

4487. J. E. Robinson 

4488. E. G. Robson 

4489. D. C. Rubbra 

4490. J. F. G. Scrivin 

4491. J. F. A. Seaton 

4492. S. A. W. Shier 

4493. J. La V. Simpson 

4494. J. D. Smith 

4495. W. A. C. Southern 

4496. A. Steinmetz 

4497. N. Steinmetz 

4498. P. K. H. Taylor 

4499. H. H. Turnbull 

4500. W. S. Turnbull 

4501. M. A. Turner 

4502. F. R. Underbill 

4503. A. E. Venton 
4503. R. A. Wood 

4505. W. R. Zeller 

4506. J. R. E. Campbell 

4507. D. H. Brainerd 

4508. G. M. M. Thomas 

4509. J. R. Arbuthnott 

4510. St. C. Balfour 

4511. C. W. F. Bishop 

4512. D. K. Bogert 

4513. G. L. Booth 

4514. M. C. Boundy 

4515. J. McC. Braden 

4516. D. F. Brennan 

4517. D. C. Brennan 

4518. D. C. Cayley 

4519. M. H. Cochrane 

4520. E. W. Colby 

4521. G. L. Colman 

4522. B. D. Cooper 

4523. G. K. Cooper 

4524. J. D. Cunningham 

4525. D. E. Curran 

4526. G. W. Davis 

4527. W. de Hoogh 

4528. M. G. S. Denny 

4529. J. J. D. Evans 

4530. J. I. M. Falkner 

4531. D. J. V. Fitzgerald 

4532. P. A. Gordon 

4533. J. A. N. Grant-Duff 

4534. R. S. Hart 

4535. S. M. Hart 

4536. A. D. Ivey 

4537. B. F. Johnston 

4538. D. R. Johnstone 

4539. D. S. Joy 

4540. D. W. Kerr 

4541. I. R. Kirkpatrick 

4542. B. R. B. L. Magee 

4543. T. M. Magladery 

4544. M. A. Markham 

4545. G. E. T. McLaren 

4546. G. J. D. McLaren 

4547. C. H. H. McNairn 

4548. D. I. McQuarrie 

4549. M. A. Meredith 

4550. B. M. Minnes 

4551. B. O. Mockridge 

4552. R. B. Mowat 

4553. F. W. Naylor 

4554. R. M. Osier 

4555. J. H. Perkins 

4556. E. L. Pidgeon 

4557. R. H. Pootmans 

4558. J. W. Rankin 

4559. H. W. Richards 

4560. R. Robb 

4561. I. Robertson 

4562. R. G. Seaborn 

4563. A. J. Shamess 

4564. R. H. Smithers 

4565. G. K. K. Thompson 

4566. J. B. Tisdale 

4567. J. L. Vaughan 




W. M. Warner 
D. H. Wigle 
G. E. Wigle 
D. C. H. Wilcox 
R. J. Wilmot 
S. R. Wilson 
D. A. Young 
J. S. Blacker 
J. G. H. Crane 
P. S. Davis 
J. M. Delacour 
R. K. Adair 
G. S. Adam 
G. M. Barber 
J. D. Barry 
J. D. Bateman 
J. C. Bilton 
R. H. Brumell 
P. S. Brunck 
G. M. Chandler 
D. W. Cobbett 
R. L. Colby 
M. W. Cooper 
R. S. Daniel 
J. G. Darlington 

D. P. Day 

E. V. Dodge 
P. G. Dodge 

A. C. Duncanson 
W. R. S. Eakin 
P. D. Flood 

R. W. F. Garnett 
M. R. Gill 
J. A. Gray 
T. I. Graydon 

B. M. Hancock 

F. J. Harris 
R. S. Haslett 
W. F. Hassel 

G. R. Henrich 
J. H. Kenwood 
P. G. Horcica 

C. J. Howard 

M. J. Hutchinson 
A. W. Hyndman 
J. R. L. Irwin 
J. F. James 
J. B. Jamieson 
I. F. Johnston 
S. M. Jorgensen 
W. E. Kayler 
J. J. Kime 

D. M. Knight 
N. R. LeMoine 


J. P. Madden 
N. B. May cock 
A. R. Moore 

C. W. Morgan 
H. S. D. Paisley 
W. A. Pearce 
P. B. Perrin 

D. F. Preston 

J. R. A. Proctor 
A. B. Ross 
I. P. Saunders 
J. R. Seaborn 
R. M. Seagram 
J. T. Shaw 
R. G. Shaw 
D. G. Shewell 
C. P. Shirriff 
A. G. Shorto 
C. G. Southam 
R. H. Stewart 
M. B. Sullivan 
H. McN.Tainsh 
R. J. Thomas 
G. M. Thomson 
R. S. Thomson 
S. E. Traviss 
T. J. Turnbull 
R. J. Victoria 

A. B. Wainwright 

C. Walker 
N. C. Wallis 

R. L. Wellington 
P. A. West 

D. R. Wilkin 

B. F. Wilkinson 
A. O. D. Willows 
J. R. Woodcock 

I. F. Wotherspoon 
J. T. McVicar 

C. G. Roe 

D. J. De Young 
R. B. Lapham 
R. A. Medland 

E. A. Neal 

C. G. W. Nichols 
J. C. Arnott 
J. J. Becker 
S. C. Biggs 
P. P. C. Bogert 
W. D. L. Bowen 
J. A. Nugent 
J. A. Campbell 
S. R. Carter 
C. S. Chubb 



4676. D. L. Deny 4730. 

4677. J. D. Dewar 4731. 

4678. M. A. W. Evans 4732. 

4679. J. B. G. Eraser 4733. 

4680. D. C. Fry 4734. 

4681. T. J. Grosvenor 4735. 

4682. J. C. Gurney 4736. 

4683. R. J. Hamilton 4737. 

4684. R. L. Harvey 4738. 

4685. P. B. Jackson 4739. 

4686. R. McN. Jervis 4740. 

4687. J. E. Keeble 4741. 

4688. M. Laing 4742. 

4689. L. C. N. Laybourne 4743. 

4690. E. M. R. Leyshon-Hughes 4744. 

4691. D. S. Littlejohn 4745. 

4692. J. R. McConnell 4746. 

4693. R. A. G. MacNab 4747. 

4694. M. B. Malley 4748. 

4695. I. E. Marshall 4749. 

4696. D. B. Nixon 4750. 

4697. M. H. Rawlings 4751. 

4698. I. L. Ross 4752. 

4699. E. J. Royden 4753. 

4700. S. G. Smith 4754. 

4701. G. S. Somers 4755. 

4702. R. R. Stone 4756. 

4703. J. B. Sutherland 4757. 

4704. C. D. Williams 4758. 

4705. E. D. Winder 4759. 

4706. J. B. A. Woods 4760. 

4707. J. M. Worrall 4761. 

4708. J. A. Bilbrough 4762. 

4709. D. J. F. Binkley 4763. 

4710. J. E. Carr 4764. 

4711. T. W. S. Carter 4765. 

4712. J. B. Chown 4766. 

4713. P. G. McE. Chubb 4767. 

4714. D. R. Cooper 4768. 

4715. W. L. Cowen 4769. 

4716. D. H. Doyle 4770. 

4717. L. P. Dumbrille 4771. 

4718. T. M. Eadie 4772. 

4719. M. Ferro 4773. 

4720. D. J. Fyshe 4774. 

4721. P. B. Glass 4775. 

4722. C. B. Glassco 4776. 

4723. J. E. Goodswan 4777. 

4724. C. G. D. Hyde 4778. 

4725. M. R. Jackson 4779. 

4726. J. E. Jones 4780. 

4727. N. A. MacEachern 4781. 

4728. D. MacGregor-Greer 4782. 

4729. J. K. Martin 4783. 

J. W. Mitchell 
R. McC. Moore 
W. R. Mowat 
G. H. W. Muir 
P. F. S. Nobbs 
P. S. Phillips 
C. D. Proctor 

B. H. Saunderson 
M. A. Stanger 

C. J. Stames 
R. Taraby 

I. A. S. Tree 
A. G. Wakefield 

D. C. Walker 
W. A. Whitelaw 
J. R. Wilson 

G. F. Windsor 
J. R. Yates 
K. G. Cobb 
J. St. G. O'Brian 
L. D. Bowman 
J. G. Oborne 
M. McE. Ray 
D. E. Allison 
J. F. Angus 
T. St. J. Anstis 
A. B. Atkinson 
D. E. Bannennan 
A. L. Brazier 
R. I. Brill 
A. M. Cowie 

C. J. Currelly 
R. F. Ellis 

J. M. Esdaile 
R. L. Evans 
R. F. Furlong 
M. R. H. Garnett 
G. Gordon 
G. R. Gray 
M. V. Helm 

D. C. Hugill 
J. E. Humble 
W. C. Jephcott 
R. D. Johnson 

C. R. F. Leavens 

D. R. Lindop 

J. D. R. McAlpine 
J. E. McDonald 
M. D. P. Marshall 
G. S. Mather 
R. M. Matheson 
M. E. K. Moffatt 
D. Phipps 
P. M. Redpath 



4784. S. M. Robertson 4838. 

4785. L. C. Smith 4839. 

4786. J. D. Spears 4840. 

4787. G. I. Staber 4841. 

4788. H. R. H. Stikeman 4842. 

4789. J. Thompson 4843. 

4790. T. C. Tottenham 4844. 

4791. M. M. Van Straubenzee 4845. 

4792. D. J. Vesey 4846. 

4793. A. C. Wright 4847. 

4794. C. J. Adair 4848. 

4795. J. G. Agnew 4849. 

4796. P. H. Ambrose 4850. 

4797. R. G. Atkey 4851. 

4798. F. H. A. Baxter 4852. 

4799. M. J. Blincow 4853. 

4800. R. B. Bradley 4854. 

4801. W. B. Burgess 4855. 

4802. J. E. Casson 4856. 

4803. I. McL. Cook 4857. 

4804. D. R. Doolittle 4858. 

4805. R. M. Douglas 4859. 

4806. W. D. Dreger 4860. 

4807. D. M. Dunham 4861. 

4808. B. J. Forsyth 4862. 

4809. D. A. Fowler 4863. 

4810. J. G. Fraser 4864. 

4811. G. D. Goodfellow 4865. 

4812. J. A. Graham 4866. 

4813. J. C. Hargreaves 4867. 

4814. R. B. Kenwood 4868. 

4815. A. D. Heron 4869. 

4816. R. A. Holt 4870. 

4817. M. C. Hudson 4871. 

4818. J. P. F. Jenkins 4872. 

4819. F. K. Kayler 4873. 

4820. E. M. Kannard 4874. 

4821. J. H. Lawson 4875. 

4822. N. L. Leach 4876. 

4823. J. M. McGillis 4877. 

4824. J. A. B. Macdonald 4878. 

4825. J. D. Morgan 4879. 

4826. J. D. Newton 4880. 

4827. J. Nickson 4881. 

4828. D. H. G. Pape 4882. 

4829. A. J. Pateman 4883. 

4830. N. C. Patterson 4884. 

4831. C. L. Pavey 4885. 

4832. J. C. Piper 4886. 

4833. T. L. Reid 4887. 

4834. R. L. Satterwhite 4888. 

4835. D. T. Smith 4889. 

4836. P. B. Starnes 4890. 

4837. J. C. Stikeman 4891. 

R. W. E. Stone 
D. B. Stratford 
D. G. Sturgis 
C. E. Summerhayes 
C. Taylor 
A. D. Thorn 
W. D. Tingle 
J. A. H. Vanstone 
R. C. Burri 
H. Berensten 
R. K. Arnold 
W. J. R. Austin 
J. G. Binch 
R. G. Brown 
C. R. Capper 
R. G. F. Clarke 
T. E. Cooke 
W. D. Dupont 

C. T. Fyshe 
P. G. Gagnon 
S. Grosvenor 
J. R. Grynoch 

J. A. D. Holbrook 
S. C. J. Hooper 
J. R. C. Irvine 

A. P. Irwin 
R. R. Johns 

D. E. Keeble 
K. S. Kennedy 

B. N. Kirk 
D. Laing 

M. J. Lindop 
A. A. Macnaughton 
I. S. Malcomson 
P. S. Martin 
R. J. McDonald 
M. H. Miller 
P. B. O'Brian 
W. Oliver 
J. A. Reford 
D. W. R. Ross 
R. C. D. Rudolf 
K. E. Scott 

F. C. Starr 

P. H. Warren 

D. L. Warwood 

G. S. Willson 

E. J. Wright 
D. F. Ball 

J. U. Bayly 

C. M. Black 
W. D. L. Bowen 
L. N. Chapman 
W. A. Burns 



4892. R. J. G. Coulter 4914. 

4893. W. J. C. Crossley 4915. 

4894. W. R. C. Duder 4916. 

4895. A. B. P. DuMoulin 4917. 

4896. W. J. Dunlop 4918. 

4897. M. G. Fairfield 4919. 

4898. I. W. Fothergill 4920. 

4899. P. L. Gaetz 4921. 

4900. R. H. Gibson 4922. 

4901. R. D. Glass 4923. 

4902. A. A. Greenleaf 4924. 

4903. G. E. Hankin 4925. 

4904. B. A. Hazlewood 4926. 

4905. R. B. L. Henderson 4927. 

4906. D. A. Hill 4928. 

4907. I. M. G. Ibbotson 4929. 

4908. A. H. Ion 4930. 

4909. M. P. Kent 4931. 

4910. H. K. N. Mackenzie 4932. 

4911. D. V. G. McCutcheon 4933. 

4912. T. C. Powell 4934. 

4913. F. G. Prack 4935. 


4936. C. H. Barrett 4965. 

4937. C. J. H. Brodeur 4966. 

4938. B. C. Buker 4967. 

4939. K. H. J. Clarke 4968. 

4940. N. G. Court 4969. 

4941. R. E. Cundill 4970. 

4942. J. C. C. Currelly 4971. 

4943. R. E. deBoyrie 4972. 

4944. D. S. Esdaile 4973. 

4945. R. K. Everett 4974. 

4946. G. A. M. Hancock 4975. 

4947. C. S. W. Hill 4976. 

4948. D. H. Hunter 4977. 

4949. J. D. King 4978. 

4950. J. L. M. Kortright 4979. 

4951. B. F. Lackie 4980. 

4952. R. J. McLaughlin 4981. 

4953. R. M. Mewburn 4982. 

4954. P. C. Moffatt 4983. 

4955. J. H. Mulholland 4984. 

4956. C. J. D. Nettleton 4985. 

4957. D. J. Price 4986. 

4958. W. A. Sanagan 4987. 

4959. J. M. Sedgewick 4988. 

4960. K. R. Scott 4989. 

4961. H. E. Shewell 4990. 

4962. A. D. Taylor 4991. 

4963. G. S. Thompson 4992. 

4964. G. H. Ambrose 4993. 

V. M. Prager 

F. W. Read 
A. Richardson 
W. F. Riches 

K. R. Richmond 
R. L. Richmond 

G. E. Robson 

J. W. F. Rowley 

J. A. Smith 

L. P. Smith 

N. P. L. Stocken 

R. W. Taylor 

J. E. Tolson 

W. J. Vernon 

R. C. S. Walker 

C. L. F. Watchorn 

C. J. Weeks 

R. E. West 

J. H. A. Wilkinson 

R. T. Willis 

H. McK. Stark 

M. S. Leonard 

H. J. Birks 
J. Blair 
P. S. Boultbee 
N. B. Braden 
R. J. Burns 
J. A. B. Callum 
M. W. Cooper 
J. T. Crosthwait 
P. A. Davies 

C. H. Harrington 

D. G. Hassel 
C. Hassell 

R. P. Huntoon 
W. E. Jackson 
J. S. Kelly 
L. Kenney 

C. T. Kingsmill 
J. H. Langs 

D. M. MacGregor-Greer 
J. H. McKibbin 

J. J. R. Penistan 
M. H. Phillips 
D. C. Quinn 
B. T. Reid 
D. R. Robinson 
A. F. Ross 
G. F. Shorto 
J. S. Stewart 
S. J. Storie 


4994. R. J. Tittemore 

4995. P. R. Towers 

4996. N. P. Trott 

4997. C. J. Wakefield 

4998. G. McC. Westinghouse 

4999. P. G. Whitehead 

5000. E. E. Zuill 

5001. R. T. F. Magee 

5002. E. N. Davidson 

5003. J- D. Anderson 

5004. P. D. Arsenault 

5005. G. B. Baillie 

5006. J. R. Barkworth 

5007. A. A. Barnard 

5008. F. A. Beck 

5009. G. W. Bell 

5010. N. A. E. Evans 

5011. F. M. A. Fyshe 

5012. J. E. C. Gardner 

5013. E. W. Godsalve 

5014. W. A. Hafner 

5015. H. F. Hancock 

5016. R. E. Harley 

5017. A. R. Heideman 

5018. C. M. Henderson 

5019. P. M. Henderson 

5020. A. E. Holton 

5021. R. B. King 

5022. F. W. Magee 

5023. T. J. Manning 

5024. C. I. Martin 

5025. D. G. Medland 

5026. A. C. Mooney 

5027. P. S. Newell 

5028. G. P. St. G. O'Brian 

5029. S. B. Osier 

5030. J. S. Richards 

5031. G. L. Ross 

5032. R. C. Rowley 

5033. F. J. Rupert 

5034. J. C. Sifton 

5035. M. G. M. Sketch 

5036. R. H. Smith 

5037. G. R. Strathy 

5038. L. P. Stuart 

5039. A. W. Todd 

5040. C. E. Umphrey 

5041. M. K. Wilson 

5042. R. A. Wilson 

5043. J. B. Wood 

5044. A. S. F. Wright 

5045. R. C. Archibald 

5046. R. D. Baird 

5047. T. M. Birks 

5048. C. H. Brown 

5049. P. A. Cory 

5050. R. C. S. Duggan 

5051. C. F. Dure 

5052. T. B. Embury 

5053. C. D. P. George 

5054. B. C. Gibson 

5055. R. S. Glassco 

5056. G. F. Gordon 

5057. G. A. Granger 

5058. R. W. Green 

5059. J. C. Grisdale 

5060. B. D. Groves 

5061. E. J. Grundy 

5062. R. T. Hamlin 

5063. D. A. J. Hampshire 

5064. G. P. Hebert 

5065. M. B. Holton 

5066. R. T. Jane 

5067. B. B. Kent 

5068. R. W. Kirby 

5069. D. E. Macmillan 

5070. P. C. Marriott 

5071. D'A. P. Martin 

5072. R. G. Matthews 

5073. R. H. McLaren 

5074. G. C. McNeil 

5075. J. P. Paulson 

5076. G. W. Pollock 

5077. N. J. Reid 

5078. G. D. Ridpath 

5079. A. N. Robinson 

5080. R. A. Sewell 

5081. C. G. Skoryna 

5082. B. B. Stackhouse 

5083. A. A. Steele 

5084. J. A. Stikeman 

5085. J. R. Watts 

5086. D. M. Wells 

5087. J. P. Whitelaw 

5088. T. G. Bata 

5089. G. A. Wardman 

5090. W. G. King 

5091. T. M. Dustan 

5092. W. L. S. Barrett 

5093. A. C. Blue 

5094. R. T. W. Bower 

5095. N. C. Bradley 

5096. D. K. Brown 

5097. D. B. Callum 

5098. F. L. Capreol 

5099. P. F. Carey 

5100. G. E. Duggan 

5101. D. J. Galbraith 

5102. G. H. George 



5103. P. G. B. Grant 

5104. C. J. Haffey 

5105. P. W. Joy 

5106. H. B. Kennedy 

5107. R. B. Noble 

5108. M. G. C. Sherman 

5109. R. M. H. Stanfield 

5110. J. D. Wharry 

5111. E. F. Willis 

5112. W. M. Anstey 

5113. D. C. R. Archibald 

5114. R. Bartell 

5115. F. R. Bazley 

5116. H. O. Bull 

5117. N. Cabell 

5118. C. C. Cakebread 

5119. D. A. Campbell 

5120. P. E. Carson 

5121. W. N. Ching 

5122. H. E. Cunningham 

5123. T. M. Currelly 

5124. T. R. Fisher 

5125. M. C. Foster 

5126. J. R. Freeman 

5127. S. V. Frisbee 

5128. M. R. Frostad 

5129. M. H. L. Fry 

5130. H. B. Frye 

5131. J. G. Greey 

5132. P. Grosvenor 

5133. K. C. Haffey 

5134. D. D. Haig 

5135. B. T. Hamilton 

5136. F. O. Hampson 

5137. A. L. Hellens 

5138. E. B. McL. Jackson 

5139. D. W. B. Jones 

5140. B. M. Kay 

5141. H. A. P. Little 

5142. C. Lloyd 

5143. K. C. Lloyd 

5144. L. J. Mahood 

5145. D. E. McCart 

5146. R. S. McLernon 

5147. G. F. Merck 

5148. P. R. W. Millard 

5149. S. L. Osier 

5150. Z. W. M. Pierce 

5151. R. D. Ramsay 

5152. T. A. Richards 

5153. J. B. Rippin 

5154. B. G. C. Rogers 

5155. J. R. Ryrie 

5156. R. E. Sands 

5157. I. H. Taylor 

5158. J. A. Tittemore 

5159. N. R. Todd 

5160. F. R. J. Whittaker 

5161. W. G. Williamson 

5162. P. D. Wilson 

5163. D. M. Jackson 

5164. D. D. A. Paget 

5165. D. G. Gibson 

5166. W. Kinnear 

5167. R. F. Biggar 

5168. J. E. Fordyce 

5169. D. R. Martin 

5170. D. J. Almas 

5171. R. P. Armstrong 

5172. B. D. Birks 

5173. T. W. B. Blake 

5174. P. M. Brown 

5175. P. A. Crossley 

5176. W. P. D. Elcock 

5177. W. H. Elcock 

5178. R. D. French 

5179. M. N. Garfat 

5180. J. D. Gibson 

5181. W. G. R. Cosset 

5182. R. P. Heybroek 

5183. H. G. Hutchison 

5184. R. J. Mayne 

5185. J. P. Molson 

5186. I. G. Robertson 

5187. J. H. Shier 

5188. H. S. Southam 

5189. W. Tomenson 

5190. G. D. Young 

5191. J. L. Cruikshank 

5192. A. D. Robertson 

5193. J. C. K. Stobie 

5194. C. S. Archibald 

5195. D. I. H. Armstrong 

5196. T. J. F. Austin 

5197. T. W. Barnett 

5198. R. R. Biggs 

5199. P. J. Campbell 

5200. G. N. Cannon 

5201. K. J. Carter 

5202. R. L. Cawley 

5203. H. J. Cheesman 

5204. I. T. D. Clarke 

5205. D. R. Connie 

5206. P. J. Crosbie 

5207. J. F. Dreyer 

5208. J. P. Fyshe 

5209. J. F. Gauvreau 

5210. E. A. G. Hampson 



5211. I.A.Henderson 

5212. W. F. J. Hood 

5213. R. J. Kayler 

5214. J. D. Lewis 

5215. E. F. Lickley 

5216. R. R. Lind 

5217. C. G. R. Macdonald 

5218. H. McDonald 

5219. I. F. McGregor 

5220. D. A. Mclntyre 

5221. D. P. Mclntyre 

5222. D. G. P. Merrifield 

5223. T. P. Molson 

5224. S. P. M. Morley 

5225. P. D. V. Morris 

5226. C. E. R. L. Muller 

5227. L. C. B. Osier 

5228. B. J. Patterson 

5229. R. H. Pearson 

5230. S. E. Raynor 

5231. J. B. Robson 

5232. R. E. Sculthorpe 

5233. D. J. Seagram 

5234. G. T. Simmonds 

5235. S. J. Spence 

5236. G. E. Stock 

5237. D. D. Thompson 

5238. R. L. Walker 

5239. P. F. Wilkes 

5240. T. R. Wilkes 

5241. M. R. Wood 

5242. T. W. Zimmerman 

5243. J. K. Carsley 

5244. L. R. Conly 

5245. G. E. Cook 

5246. J. M. Fitzpatrick 

5247. D. A. Gait 

5248. S. F. Hall 

5249. R. A. Hanbury 

5250. P. V. E. Harcourt 

5251. D. P. B. Hill 

5252. H. H. Johnson 

5253. A. P. Kaminis 

5254. K. F. Kennedy 

5255. L. R. Kent 

5256. E. R. Machum 

5257. J. E. Matheson 

5258. J. C. P. McCallum 

5259. J. R. Parrott 

5260. D. N. Rankin 

5261. D. I. Robson 

5262. J. P. Robson 

5263. J. E. D. Rogers 

5264. D. A. Ross 

5265. F. A. Rowlinson 

5266. A. M. Schell 

5267. C. W. R. Scott 

5268. D. A. Scott 

5269. J. C. Scott 

5270. P. C. Scrivener 

5271. D. S. Segal 

5272. P. G. F. Shelley 

5273. J. W. Turcot 

5274. J. A. Whittingham 

5275. J. G. Williams 

5276. R. S. D. Ambrose 

5277. C. Baker 

5278. J. C. Barker 

5279. J. A. Brierley 

5280. E. A. Bull 

5281. I. D. Campbell 

5282. T. A. Carson 

5283. D. C. R. Collie 

5284. B. R. C. Currelly 

5285. W. T. Currelly 

5286. W. A. Curtis 

5287. I. M. C. Dale 

5288. K. F. Davies 

5289. J. L. Day 

5290. M. C. Donegani 

5291. J. R. Doyle 

5292. M. T. Duffield 

5293. L. B. Fischer 

5294. T. J. R. Fitzgerald 

5295. R. D. Forbes 

5296. F. E. Foster 

5297. J. S. Gausby 

5298. A. J. C. Goering 

5299. N. B. Grandfield 

5300. J. W. H. Greatrex 

5301. J. C. Haig 

5302. E. B. Hanbury 

5303. M. G. Heffernan 

5304. W. C. Heibein 

5305. M. S. L. Herman 

5306. P. D. B. Jameson 

5307. P. E. Johns 

5308. H. E. Jones 

5309. D. P. Kent 

5310. C. G. L. Leonard 

5311. P. H. Lindop 

5312. K. S. Lorriman 

5313. J. K. Marrett 

5314. G. A. Marx 

5315. B. C. McPherson 

5316. J. D. Moffatt 

5317. W. P. Molson 

5318. R. C. Murdoch 


5319. C. G. F. Nation 5327. R. I. Tottenham 

5320. C. G. Newell 5328. D. R. Vair 

5321. P. D. Patterson 5329. P. D. Vaisler 

5322. T. J. T. Ringereide 5330. J. P. Vines 

5323. S. M. Rupert 5331. R. M. Wallace 

5324. A. K. Sands 5332. R. G. Ward 

5325. E. C. Shand 5333. S. M. White 

5326. J. G. C. Steer 5334. S. C. Wilson 


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Benson, H. W., 271 

Berkinshaw, R. C., 262 

Berkinshaw, W. R., 292 

Bermingham, C. J., 286 

Berry, H. R., 39 

Bessborough, Lord and Lady, 98 

Bethune, A. M., 275 

Bethune, the Rt. Rev. A. N., 5, 262, 263 

Bethune, the Rev. C. J. S., 7, (28-41 
Headmaster, 1870-91), (41-43 Warden, 
1891-93), (43-49 Headmaster, 1893-99), 



50, 76, 80, 108, 216, 244, 257, 258, 262, 

Bethune, Mrs. C. J. S., 46 
Bethune, Miss E. E., 256 
Bethune, the Rev. F. A., 9, 19, 20, 22, 23, 

24, 26, 27, 29, 35, 36, 267, 1-7, 8 
Bethune, H. J., 38, 288, 1-10 
Bethune, H.S., 21, 26, 1-8 
Bethune, R. H., 263 
Bethune, R. M., 290, 1-16 
Bethune House, 118, 119, 123, 164, 176, 

216, 219, 222 
Bethune Period, 28-49 
Bethune Scholarship, F. A., 210 
Sevan, W. H. B., 53, 290 
Beverley, the Rt. Rev. A. R., 262 
Bibby, K. A., 291 
Bickle, E. W. (Bickle House), 169 
Bickle House, 141 
Bickmore, C. A., 274 
Biggar, H. T., 84, 291, II-9 
Bigwood Diary, 65-67 
Bigwood, Paul, 65 
Bilkey, J. D., 98, 11-16 
Bilkey, Paul E., 145 
Binch, J. G., 191 
Binnie, W. I. C., 194, 294 
Bird, M. H., 282, 291 
Birks, G. Drummond, 263 
Birks, Gerald W., 263 
Birks, R. I., 135,111-11 
Bishop, P. R., 149, 172, 176, 272, IV-1S 
Bishop, Air Marshal W. A., 115, 123, 263 
Bishop's College School, Lennoxville, 3, 

27, 58, 63, 158 
Bishop's University, Lennoxville, 48, 

149, 150 

Black, G. M., 294 
Black, L. K., 148, III-9 
Black, W. A., 119,292 
Blackburn, J., 1-11 
Blackwood, D. L. G., 191, 240, 273 
Blake, K. A., 294 

Blake, Edward Scholarships (Mathema- 
tics), 84, 115 
Blaikie, G. R., 161 
Blaikie, J. R., 277, IV-12 
Blandford, E. F., 198 
Blincow, M. J., 177, 188, 295, V-2 
Board, J. A., 160, 294, IV-2 
Board of Governors, 262-266 
Boer War, 51, 52, 74, 145, 244 
Body, the Rev. C. W. E., 262 
Bogert, Clarence A., 49, 90, 92, 101, 113, 


Bogert, Mrs. H. S., 279 

Bogue, D. Y., 129, 293 

Bonnell, L. F., 298 

Bonnycastle, J. C., 294, 111-10 

Bonnycastle, L. C., 84, 161, 282 

Bonnycastle, M. K., Ill 10 

Bonnycastle, R. A. N., 158, 285 

Boone, G. L., 161, 276, 278, 111-16 

Boucher, R., 289 

Boucher, W.J.D., 11-11 

Boughner, W. F., 11-11 

Boulden, the Rev. Canon C. H., 70, 73, 

81, 138, 211, 212-220, 221, 224, 232, 239, 

Boulden, Mrs. C. H., 279 
Boulden House, 65, 174, 199, 211, 213, 

228, 229, 235, 236, 238, 239-242, 261; 

Staff, 274-275 
Boultbee, P. S., 295, 298 
Boulton, A. C. Foster, 48 
Boulton, W. D., 291 
Boulton, W. R., 289, 296 
Bovaird, G. C., 136 
Bovell, Dr. James, 2, 6, 263 
Bovey, C. A. Q., 276, 293 
Bovey, Mrs. Q. C. D., 279 
Bovey, I. H. D., 151 

Bowen, H. B., 173, 174, 178, 294, V-1,7 
Bowen, W. D. L., 176, 188, 287, 295, 296, 

Bowers, H., 274 
Bowles, W. S., 84, 284 
Boyce, F. P., 194 
Boyd, M., 288 
Boyd, M. deG., 281 
Boyd, Winnett, 284 
Boyle, H. P., 58, 65, 67, 269, II-5 
Boys, the Rev. A., 263 
Boxing, 77, 78, 199, 203, 205, IV-8 
Brack, C. F., 271, 274 
Brackenbury, G. L., 272 
Bradburn Cup, 78 
Bradburn, V. W., 198, 291, II-7 
Braden, J.McC., 294 
Braden, W. C., 278 
Bradfield, Gordon, III 14 
Bradfield, H. H., 288 
Bradley, N. C., 179 
Bradshaw, Mrs. J. A., 106, 273 
Brain, the Rev. R. T. F., 155, 156 
Brazier, Mrs. N. I., 273 
Brent, the Rev. Canon, 87 
Brent, the Rt. Rev. C. H., 48, 75, 76, 87, 

131, 155, 184, 268, 283, 288 



Brent House, 108, 118, 122, 123, 186, 249 
Brewer, A. C., 294, 296, 297, 111-16, IV-7 
Brewer, W. J., 147, 287, 293, 296, 297, 

III-9, 12, 16 
Brewin, J. H., 82 
Bridge of Sighs, 85 
Bridger, W. R. P., 59, 73, 79, 228, 269, 


Bridges, Sir W. T., 48 
British Conservative Party, 194 
British Empire Shooting Competition, 


Britten, the Rev. H., 73, 269, II-l 
Britton, P. E., 135, 227, 292, III-7, 11 
Brockington, Leonard, 153, 251 
Brock Smith, H. St.J., 204, 278 
Brodeur, M. T. H., 148 
Bromsgrove School, 70 
Bronze Medal, 34, 287 
Brookes, Air Vice-Marshal G. E., IV 8 
Brooks, G. F., 78 
Broughall, the Rev. G. H., 36, 51, 63, 

268, 281, 283, 284, 288, 1-13 
Broughall, J. H. S., 66, 281, 283, 288 
Broughall, the Rt. Rev. L. W. B., 48, 131, 

153, 155, 181, 182, 284, 289, IV-S 
Brown, Colin M., 263, 277, 278, 11-10 
Brown, G. B., 202, 204 
Brown, H., 18 
Brown, John, 273, IV-13 
Brown, J. A., 160, 165, 294, IV-4 
Brown, R. G., 188, V-10 
Browne, J. G., 281, 284, 289 
Browne, Miss, 268 
Bruce, Dr. Herbert, 98 
Bruce, I. B., 148, 158, 159, 287, 293, 297, 

IV-6, 7 

Bruce, S. B., 293, 296 
Brydge, W. H. B., 198 
Buck, E. C., 298 
Buckland, George, 271 
Budge, D. C., 11-11, 111-16 
Budge, P. J., 294, 11-11. IV-16 
Burgess, C. P., 291 
Burke, E. G., 1-7 
Burland, N. T., 111-12 
Bull, A. T., 79 
Bunting, Mrs. J., 259 
Burns, C. F. W., 82, 147, 150, 161, 164, 

168, 185, 192, 251, 252, 255, 263, 275, 

291, 296, V-6 
Burns, H. M., 165, 166, 178, 287, 294, 296, 

Burns, J. D., 142, 229, 236, 238, 241, 274, 


Burns, Mrs. J. D. (Mrs. M. Mulholland), 

Burns, J. H., 84, II-9 
Burns, P. J. P., 294 
Burns, R. J., 176, 297, V-13 
Burns, W. E., 209, 278 
Burnside Scholar, 16 
Burt, Milton, 109, 11-13 
Burton, G. A., 263 
Burton, Mrs. G. A., 256, 279 
Burton, J. A., 295, V-5 
Burton, R. H., 11-11 
Busby, D., 156 
Butler, D. G. P., 295 
Butterfield, C. N. A., 159, IV-10 
Butterfield, H. C., 150, 282, 111-13 
Butterfield, the Hon. Sir Harry D., 263 

Byers, D. N., 88, 263, 277, 282, 292 
Byers, D. R., 293, 297, 111-10 
Byng, Lord, 81 

Cairns, E. J., 273 

"C" Dorm, 226, 260 

Cadets, 8, 9, 10, 17, 39, 52, 59, 111, 114, 

115, 116, 123, 124, 133, 138, 139, 147, 

151, 166, 182, 188, 191, 192, 206, III-2, 


Caldbick, J. H., 111-15 
Caldwell, T. A., 135, III-ll 
Calgary Stampeders, 129 
California Institute of Technology, 95 
Callum, J. A. B., 287, 295 
Cambridge University, 57, 58, 74, 184, 

Cambridge University Speakers' Union, 


Cameron, D. D., 22, 23, 25 
Cameron, the Hon. John H., 262 
Cameron, K. H., 40, 289, 296, 1-10 
Cameron, M. W., 202 
Cameron, M. Y., 291 
Campbell, A., 62, 275, 290, 296, 298 
Campbell, A. F., 243 
Campbell, A. M., 165, 166, 273, 287, 294, 

297, IV-16 
Campbell, C. J., 263 
Campbell, C. S., 135, 139, 227, 278, 285, 

Campbell, D. F., 48, 296 
Campbell, G. C. (See P. G. Campbell) 
Campbell, George, 163, 164 
Campbell, G. R., 111-15 


Campbell, H. J., 26, 34, 36, 267, 281, 283, 

287, 288, 1-8 

Campbell, I. B., 147, 263, 277, 293, 111-12 
Campbell, J. D., 277, 291, II-9 
Campbell, Miss Mary, 259 
Campbell, N., 176, V-13 
Campbell, P. G., 39, 59, 60, 62, 150, 152, 

180, 245, 263, 290, 296, II-l, 3, 5 
Campbell, Peter, Rink, 89, 152, 164, 190, 


Campbell, Thomas, 269 
Cameron, K. H., 37 
C. B. C., 136 
Canadian Corps, 75 
Canadian Council of Churches, 181 
Canadian Entomological Society, 29 
Canadian Entomologist, 29 
Canadian Northern, 66 
Canadian Open Men's Singles (Squash), 


C.P.R., 33, 34 

Cape, D. E., 176, 239, 287, 294, IV-12 
Cape, J. C., 239, IV-12 
Cape, Brig. J. M., 252, 253, 263 
Cape, Mrs. John M., 279 
Capreol, C. L., 79 
Captain's Cup (J. S.), 232 
Carey, P. F., 295, V-15 
Carey, W. V., 290 
Carhartt, J. N., 218 
Carlisle, the Rt. Rev. Arthur, 263 
Carmichael, D. G. O., Ill 7, 8 
Carnegie Foundation, 1 12 
Carnegie Scholarship (Geography), 161 
Carol Service, 218, see also Chapel, 

Choir, Music 

Carrington, Archbishop, 150 
Carroll, Mrs., 13 
Carry, Morgan, 53 
Carsley, C. F., 263 
Carsley, Mrs. C. F., 279 
Carsley, T. R., 294 
Carson, R. S., 293, 111-12 
Carswell, F. G., 291 
Carter, J., 9, 14, 267 
Carter, W., 267 
Cartwright, Brig. General G. S., 80, 90, 

91, 94, 95, 263 

Cartwright, Mrs. G., 258, 259, 279 
Cartwright, G. S., 78, 84, 210, 282, 287, 


Cartwright, J. R., 238 
Cartwright, J. R. C., 124, 263, 282, 284 
Cartwright, J. S., 289 
Cartwright, S. H., 289 

Cartwright, S. J., 282 

Caryer, D. S., 165, 294 

Cassels, D. K., 216, 217, 292, 296, 298, 


Cassels, F. K., IV-12 
Cassels, G. H., 290 
Cassels, J. G., 209 
Cassels, R., 37, 1-11 
Cassels, R. C. H., 49, 90, 92, 101, 113, 116, 

Cassels, Mrs. R. C. H., 259 
Cassels, R. S., I 11 
Cattanach, E. C., 40, 275, 289 
Catto, K.A.,271 
Cawley,J. C., 298, III-ll 
Cawley, J. R., 135 
Cayley, the Rev. E. C., 37, 38, 155, 263, 

Cayley, E. C., 124, 162, 222, 235, 236, 237, 

275, 286, 292, 11-11, IV-13, V-7 
Cayley, H. C., 77, 204, 213, 274, 287, 291, 

II-7, 10 

Centennial Gates, 192 
Centennial Lectures, 191 
Centennial Year, 189-193 
Central Ontario Championship (Gym), 


Chadwick, J. P., 247 
Chadwick, W. S., 98, 11-16 
Chaffee, A. B., 288, 1-7 
Chaffey, C. E., 285, 286 
Chaffey, Mrs. E. R., 279 
Challenge Cup, 124 
Chancellor's Prize Man, 16 
Chapel, 10, 11, 16, 17, 19, 25, 26, 27, 30, 

31, 34, 44, 45, 55, 58, 63, 67, 70, 72, 73, 

74, 75, 80, 82, 86, 102, 105 123, 126, 131, 

139, 142, 147, 150, Memorial Chapel 

Opening, 153-54, 155, 156, 164, 167, 173, 

181, 184, 192, 200, 204, 214, 215, 223, 

244, 256-61, IV-1, 3 
Chaplain General, A.E.F., 87 
Chapman, L. N., V 15 
Chapman, N. V., 298 
Charley's Aunt, 150 
Charlottetown Conference, 2 
Charrington, G. S., Ill 7 
Chauvin, R. A., 239 
Chess, 63, 84, 204 
Cheyney, B. J. K., III-7 
Choate's Wood, 215, 216 
Choir, 80, 82, 84, 154, 167, 173, 181, 192, 

204, 205, 214, 218, 233, 1-12, V-12 (See 

also Chapel and Music) 
Chown, A. N., 84, II-9 



Chown, R. E., 85, II-9 

Chowne, G. V. A., 290 

Christ Church Cathedral, Montreal, 55 

Christie, C. I., 288 

Christie, Mrs. D., 275 

Christie, J. F., 294 

Christie, J. W., 166, 178, IV-16 

Christ In The Concrete City, 156 

Chubb, P. G., 295 

Church, C. H., IV-10 

Church, R. G., 161, 165, 166, IV-4 

Church Herald, 29, 31 

Clark, H. D. B., 158, 160, 293, 297, IV-2, 


Clark, the Most Rev. H. H., 234 
Clark, the Rev. W., 263 
Clarke, Mrs. E., 106, 273 
Clarke, E. L., 111-10 
Clarke, E. S., 77, 79, 287, 291, II-7 
Clarke, Esmonde Cup, 205 
Clarke, H. L., 268 
Clarke, L. D., 140, III-7, 8, 9 
Clarke, The Hon. L. H., 49, 246, 263, 275 
Clarke, Mrs. Lionel H., 205 
Clarke, P. N., 111-10, IV-12 
Cleghorn.A. M.,I-11 
Clergy Reserves, 2 
Cleveland, C. B., 88, 112 
Clubs, 171, 173,219,227 
Cobbett, D. W., V-3 
Cobourg, 5, 20, 65, 66, 100, 136 
Cobourg Golf Club, 130 
Cobourg Fire Brigade, 43 
Cochran, F. E., 107, 109, 110, 111, 292, 


Cochran, H. E., 61, 263, II-3 
Cockburn, C. B., 291 
Coen, S. H., 289 
Cohu, E., 143, 167, 218, 229, 240, 274, 


Cojocar, R. H., 275 
Colbourne, D. S., 165, 294, IV-2 
Coldwell, G. R., 244, 276, 287, 288 
Coldwell, J. R. H., 65, 66, 298 
Coldwell, T., 298, II-3 
Cole, J. W., 272 
Coleman, H. K., 267 
Colledge, A. A., 290, 1-16 
College Entrance Examination, 134 
College Militaire Royal de St. Jean, 190, 


Collinson, J. H., 268 
Colman, G. L., V 3 
Combe, J. O., 85, 296, 298, II-9 
Company of Pilgrims, Toronto, 156 

Confederation, 2 

Congdon, E. W., 37, 289, 1-10 

Congdon, H. S., 289 

Connaught, Duke of, 74 

Connell, J. D., 295 

Connell, T. G., 273 

Conyers, C. 62 

Conyers, C. H., II 1 

Conyers, N., 62, 147, 148 

Conyers, W. N., 293, II-l, III-9, 16 

Cook, T. R., 291 

Coombs, F. H., 268 

Cooper, D. R., 287, 295. 297 

Cooper, G. K., 295 

Cooper, R. T., 129, 148, 159, 293, IV-7, 


Cooper, the Rev. W. E., 35, 36, 267 
Cooper, W. H., 37, 45, 289, 296, 1-10, 11 
Cooper, W. O. N., 293, IV-7, 10 
"Copper Sunday", 63, 64 
Corbett, A. D., 188, 273, V-14 
Cornell University, 229 
Coronation Day, 239 
Corporation Amendment, 99, 116 
Corrigal, J. A. S., 11-10 
Cosens, G. A., 288, 1 11 
Cosgrave, the Rev. F. H., 101, 154, 183, 

196, 262, 264 
Cowan, J. C., 294 
Cowdry, T. H., 296 
Cowen, W. L., 295, V-3 
Cowie, A. M., 295 
Cowperthwaite, L., 137, 138, 292 
Cox and Box, 172 
Cox, E. L., 289 

Cox, H. C. D., 140, 293, 298, III-8, 9 
Cox, M. J., 148, 293, 296, 297 
Cox, S. P., 276 
Cox, W. G., 95, 11-10 
Cox, W. M., 78, 162, 282, IIM3 
Coxe, H. C., 288 
Coxworthy, J., 20, 25, 26 
Coy, W. F., 288 
Craig, P. N. Y., 274 
Crake, J. E. A., 271 
Cram, R. J., 272 
Cran, J. A., 282, 284, 294 
Crash of 1929, 85, 90, 91, 214 
Crawford, George, 17 
Crawford, J. D., 293, IV-2 
Credit Mission, 28 
Creery, P. A., 285 
Creighton, F. N., 281, 284 
Crerar, General, 151 
Crescent House School, 203 

3 6o 


Cricket, 8, 9, 14, 20, 22, 24, 26, 32, 35, 36, 
37, 42, 45, 49, 51. 52, 58, 59, 61, 62, 74, 
77, 87, 90, 95, 98, 107, 124, 140, 147, 148, 
159, 160, 161, 188, 189, 199, 204, 211, 
217, 227, 230, 232, 233, 245, 251, 256 

Cricket Captain's Cup, 124 

Croll, Andrew, 285, 111-10 

Croll, D., 78 

Croll, L. D., 296, 298, II-7 

Cross, D. H. E., 284, 111-12 

Crossen, W. M., 217, 218, 230, 11-10 

Crossley, P. A., V-15 

Crowe, Christopher, 285, III 15 

Crowe, Mrs. D. M., 274 

Crosthwait, the Rev. Canon Terence, 155 

Crowther, G. D., 65, 66 

Cruickshank, B. H. A., 209 

Cruickshank, G., 287, 291 

Cruickshank, R. K., 291 

Cruickshank, W. S., 218 

Crum, G. F., 195, 227 

Cruttenden, W. M., 281, 283, 288 

Cumberland, D. E., 202, 203, 204, 287, 
291, 296, II-7 

Cumberland, F. W., 264 

Cumberland, Brig. I. H., 161, 252, 264, 

Cumberland, Mrs. I. H., 260 

Cumberland, J. B. W., 165, 294, 11-11, 

Gumming, G., 24, 25, 18 

Cummings, J. D., 84, II 9 

Cundill, J. M., IV-12 

Cunningham, J. D., 175, V 1 

Currelly, J. C. N., 11-10 

Current Times, U.C.C., 174 

Curriculum, 11, 32, 33, 94, 102, 103, 107, 
113, 121, 122, 134, 171, 187, 198, 200, 
201, 219, 226, 229, 233, 234, 237, 238 

Currie, Gordon S., 160, 161, 293, IV-2, 4 

Curry, E. L., 36, 268, 1-11, 13 

Curry, W. S., 290 

Curtis, G. H., 293 

Curtis, W. A., 114,293 

Cutler, E. C., 277 

Cutten, J. E., Ill, 119, 178, 222, 11-13 


Dafoe, N. S., 282 

Dale, G. M. C., 149, 150, 171, 172, 272, 

Dalton, W. B., 278 
Dann, the Rev. Eyre, 155, 271 

Darling, Frank, 9, 16, 45, 80, 207, 245, 

246, 264, 275 

Darling, the Rev. Walter, 16 
Darling, W. S., 290 
Darling & Pearson, 88 
Daunais, T., 289 
Davidson, D. A., 140, III-ll 
Davidson, E. M., 115, 271 
Davidson, Mrs. E. M., 274 
Davidson. J. C., 283, 288 
Davidson, the Rev. J. F., 155, 284 
Davidson, I. J., 227 
Davidson, N. F., 281, 283 
Davidson, P. C., 79 
Davidson, R., 244, 264 
Davies, C. L., 188 
Davies, E. G., 273 
Davis, G.W., 177, IV-11 
Davison, P. W. A., 155, 294 
Davoud, P. M., V-5 
Daw, H. B., 290 
Daw, P. F., 290 
Dawe, K. C., 219, 11-10 
Dawes.D. K., II-ll 
Dawley, D. N., 278 
Dawson, Dudley, 49, 90, 101, 112, 121, 

164, 244, 252, 264 

Dawson, Dudley, B., 85, 264, 292, II-9 
Dawson, V., 140, III-ll 
Day, D. P., 295, 298 
Day, E. A., 78, 294 
Day, G. F., III-6 
Day, J. E., 175, IV-11, V-l 
Daykin, E. B., 289, 1-11 
Debating Society, 40, 41, 79, 151, 171, 

173, 190, 191, 219, II-4 
De Blaquiere, W., 21, 26 
DeBoyrie, R. E., V 15 
deBury, Col. H. R. V., 272 
Decker, D. A., 277, 293 
Deerfield Academy, 165 
Delahaye, D. J., 284 
De Lorn, T. C. B., 84, 282, 284 
De Lorme, C. E., 270 
Del Rio, J. R., 282, 284, 292 
Dempster, A. L., 60, 291, II 1 
Dempster, R. C., 60, 290, 11-1,3 
Dempster, R. N., 273, IV-13 
Denham, Mrs., 12, 13, 267 
Dening, J. E., 149, 164, 272, IV-13 
Denison, Merrill, 241 
Dennistoun, J. A., 291 
Dennistoun, J. R., Ill 14 
Dennistoun, The Hon. Mr. Justice R, 




Denny, M. G. S., 295 

Dennys, A. J. R., 142, 229, 236, 237, 241, 

274, IV- 13 

de Pencier, A. E., 85, II-9 
de Pencier, J. C., 161, 264 
de Pencier, J. D., 150, 151, 293, 111-10 
de Pencier, M. C., 161, 165, 286, 294, 

111-10, IV-4 
Deny, T. R., 294 
deSlubicki, J. M., 270 
Deverall, D. V., 148, 232, 293 
Devonshire, Duke and Duchess, 76 
Devonshire Trophy, 133, 139 
Dewar, Dr. J. F., 18, 24, 30, 267 
Dewar, R. A. R., 292, III-7, 8 
Dewey, John, 51 
Diamond, Dr. F. W., 116, 272 
Diamond, Mrs. F. W., 275 
Dick, P. W., 295 
Digby, R. W., 287, 290 
Dignam, M. J., 293 
Dillane, C. K., IV-12 
Diocesan School, Bangor, 50 
Director of Athletics, 118 
Director of Studies, 83, 136, 221 
Dixon, G. H., 115,178,271 
Dobell, P. C., 140, 282, 284, 293, III-ll 
Dodd, J. H. B., III-7 
Dodge, E. V., 176, V-13 
Doggett, Mrs. R. J., 273 
Doheny, D. A., 151 
Dolin, S. J., 272 
Dolph, J. A., 293, 298, IV-2 
Donald, A. D., 165, 166, 294, IV-16 
Doolittle, J. R., 278 
Douglas, R. F., 85, II-9 
Dover, E. D., IV-2 
Dowie, M. I. G. C., 175, IV-11, V-l, 7 
Dowker, The Rev. J. H., 155 
Downey, R. A., 289, 296, 1-11 
Doyle, D. H., 295 
Drama, 16, 39, 40, 72, 82, 150, 172, 173, 

185, 187, 188, 191, 208, 218, 223, 227, 

233, 240, 241 
Draper, J. W. P., 138 
Drill Association, 39 
Drummond, D. A., 294, IV 12 
Drummond, G., 62 
Drummond, G. I., 291, II 3, 5 
Drummond, K., 62 
Drummond, K. S., 290, II 5 
Drynan, W. I. K., 148, 298, III-9, 12 
Duck Harbour, 42, 53 
duDomaine, R. L., 271 
Duggan, C. E., 290, 1-13 

Duggan, R. B., 133, 139, 277, 287, 292 
Duggan, W. R., 133, 144, 252, 271, 276, 

292, 296, 297 

Dulmage, G. R., 291, II-9 
Dumaresq, C. F., II 11 
Durable, J. F., 283 
Dumbrille, L. P., 295 
DuMoulin, A. B. P., 295, 297, V-2 
DuMoulin, the Rt. Rev. F., 48, 155, 289, 


DuMoulin, L. St.M., 249, 264 
DuMoulin, P., 247 
DuMoulin, P. A., 250, 264, 276 
DuMoulin, S. S., 45, 49, 129, 264, 276, 

277, 289, 290, 1-13 
DuMoulin.T., 249 
Dunbar, A. C., 79, 287, 291 
Dunbar, C. H. S., 173, 287, 294, 296, 297 
Duncan, J. A. C., III-7 
Duncanson, A. A., 85, 264, 277, II-9 
Duncanson, J. W., 133, 292 
Dunlap, Air Marshal C. R., 188 
Dunlap, D. L. C., 294, 11-11 
Dunlop, W. J., 295 
Dunnville, 4 
Dunsford, J., 23 
Dupont, Mrs. C. T., 279 
Durnford, H. M. E., 111-10 

Eadie, T. M., 195, 284 

Eakin, W. R., 295 

Eardley-Wilmot, T., 290 

Eastern Canadian Interscholastic Swim- 
ming Championship, 177 

Eastern Canada Junior Championships 

Eastern Ontario Championship (Hoc- 
key), 140 

Eaton, J. W., 264 

Eberts, C. C., 84, 194, 282 

Edgar, Mrs. James, 256, 259, 260, 279 

Edison, T. A., 49 

Edmiston, K. W., 290, II-l, 3 

Education Conference, 162, 163 

Edwards, Austin, 274 

Edwards, W. S., 48 

Eglinton Hunt Club Horse Show, 98, 111 

1865 And All That, 191 

Elliot, E. C., 285 

Elliot, G. S., 287, 292, 296, 298, 11-10 

Elliott, A., 283, 288 

Elliott, J., 288 

Ellis, R. F., 295 



Ellison, A. J., 65, 66 

Ellison, P. F., 65, 66 

Emery, D. J., 284, 285, 111-14 

Emery, J. E., 78, 158, 293, 111-10, IV-10 

Emery, V. S., 196 

Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 100, 187 

Empire League, 58 

Empire Shooting Competition, 111 

England, Church of, 28 

English, C. J., 286, 294, 297 

Entomological Association of Ontario, 

Entrance Examinations into Senior 

School, 146 
Esdaile, J. M., 264 
Esdaile, J. M., 191, 241, 295, V-10 
Evans, E., 271 
Evans, J. H., 209, 210 
Evans, J. J. D., V-13 
Evans, L. H., 267 
Evans, N. A. E., V-10 
Examination Timetable, 1870, 17 

Farm House, 164 
Farncomb, F. C., 281, 284 
Farncomb, T. S., 283 
Farnsworth, D. B., 175, 294, V-l 
Farrar, S., 288, 1-10 
Fauquier, H. H., I 10 
Fenian Raid, 10 
Fennell, T. S., 140, III-ll 
Ferguson, W. R., 289 
Ferric, R. K., 165, 178, 294, 297 
Fessenden, Richard, 49 
Fick, Miss Rhea, 125, 271, 275 
Fidler, A. J., 288 
Fidler, J. E., 288, 1-10 
Field, G. W., 219 
Fiftieth Anniversary, 76 
Findley Trophy, 139 
Fires, 1891, 42, 43; 1893, 43; 1895, 43, 44, 
85; 1928, 85, 86, 121, 249, 259 
Fisher, G. N., 191, 277, 282, 293 
Fisher, Mrs. Philip, 279 
Fisken, S. F., 61, 291, II 1, 3 
Fitzgerald, C. F., II 3 
Fitzgerald, D. J. A., 285, 286 
Fleming, A. S., 223, 292, H-16 
Fleming, Mrs. Andrew, 279 
Fleming, J. B. A., 98, 111, 292 
Fleming, W. R., 135, 292, III-ll 
Floyd, R. T., 288 
Football, 8, 14, 32, 35, 37, 38, 45, 49, 52, 

53, 58, 59, 60, 61, 72, 74, 84, 85, 87, 105, 
109, 110, 111, 119, 126-29, 135, 157, 158, 
159, 164, 165, 173, 174, 175, 199, 202, 211, 
216, 217, 227, 235, 236, 237, 245, 248 

Ford, A., 2 1,26 

Ford, The Rev. O. P., 26, 267, 1-8 

Forrest, Dr. R.F., 116,269 

Forrest, Mrs. R. F., 259 

Forster, M., 272 

Fortune, Miss, 36, 267 

Foster, G. M. D., 296, 298 

Francis, B. B. O., 289, 296 

Francis, C., 218 

Francis, G. L., 289 

Francis, J. R., 53 

Francis, W.W., 132,289 

Franklin, A. E., 273 

Franklin, Benjamin, 104 

Fraser, R. A., 222 

Freer, C. E., 288 

Freer, H. C., 288 

French, H., 293 

French, J. B., 147, 148, 293, III-9 

Fricker, D. H., III-8 

Frith, F. W., 268 

Fry, D.C., 176, V-13 

Fulford, D. W., 151, 111-10, 12 

Fulford, G. T., 151 

Fulford Trophy, 172 

Fuller, A. T., 296 

Fuller, the Rev. T. B., 264 

Fullerton, R. D., 151,293 

Furnival, A. St. J., 70, 197, 207, 208-11, 
270, 274, II-l 

Furnival, Mrs. A. St. J., 208, 209 

Fyshe, F. M. A., 233 

Fyshe, T. G., 84. 194, 291, II-7, 9 

Gage's Creek, 216 

Gamble, C. W., 289 

Garland, J..V-5 

Garland, Mrs. Marion, 234, 273 

Gardiner, O. E. S., 11-10 

Garnett, M. R. H., 264, 291 

Garvey, T. D., 298 

Gath, Mrs. Carl W., 191 

Gaunt, R. H., 148, 178, 188, 273, 287, 

293, 296, 297, III-9, 14 
Geddes, the Rev. J. G., 264 
Geldard, S., 74, 77, 108, 223, 270, II-l, 

7, 9, 14 

George, C.D. P., 171,282 
George Cross, 194 


German, A. B. C., 135, 139, 287, 292 

Gerrans, C. D., 269 

Ghent, W. C., 289 

Gibson, B. C., V-2 

Gibson, the Hon. Mr. Justice Colin, 190 

Gibson, F. M., Ill, 292, 11-13 

Gibson, Mrs. G. P., 271 

Gibson, Miss Honor, 274 

Gibson, J. G., 293 

Gibson, R. H., 173, 295 

Giffen, J. P., 165, 166, 294, IV-16 

Giffen, P. J., 298 

Gilbert & Sullivan operas, 40, 72, 82, 172, 

Gilbert, G. A., 267 

Gilbert, P. L., 140, 277, 293, III-ll, 15 
Gilbert, W., 1-8 
Gilbert, W. J., 289 
Gill, C. N., 1-8 
Gill, L. N., 298 
Gilmore, H. G., 267 
Glasgow University, 83, 221 
Glass, R. D., 178, 295, V-15 
Glassco, A. E., 209 
Glassco, C. B., 295 
Glassco, C. S., 255, 264, 277, 291 
Glassco, R.S., 191,295 
Glee Club, 84, 167 
Gleed, the Rev. K. W., 155, 156, 273 
Globe, The, 55 

Globe b Mail, 117, 130, 158, 163, 180 
Glover, R.G., 115,249,271 
Goddard, the Rev. M. M., 155 
Godfrey, Paul, 275 
Goebel, R. K., 273 
Goering, J. W. L., 78, 140, 273, 292, 296, 

298, III-7, 9 
Goering, P. L., 111-15 
Goodbody, H. P., 293 
Gooddall, R. G. W., 135, 140, 292, III-7, 


Gooddall, R. S., III-9 
Goodday, Lt. Col. C., 270, II-9 
Goodman, D. I., 294, 111-16, IV-12 
Goodshall, H.L.,98 
Goodwin, Major, 9, 17, 267, 1-9 
Goodwin, H., 10, 267 
Gordon, Mrs. A., 279 
Gordon, C. E. S., 271 
Gordon, J. A. L., 282 
Gordon, J. G. N., 171, 172, 191, 273, IV- 

Gordon, Mrs. J. G. N., 275 

Gordon, J. R. M., 159, 165, 233, 286, 287, 

294, 296, 297, 1 V-2, 7, 10 
Gordon, the Hon. Mr. Justice P. H., 78, 

193, 247, 263, 264, 290, 296, 298 
Gordon, P. L., 175, IV-12, V-l, 7 
Gossage, B. F., 117,275 
Gossage, C. M. B., 158, IV-7 
Governing Body, 262-66 
Gow, R. M., 298 
Grace, Arthur, 39, 77, 81, 85, 107, 199, 

204, 270, III-9 
Grace, Mrs. A., 39 
Graduate Fellowships, 286 
Graham, R. T., 88, 270 
Graham, W. C. R., 287, 289 
Grahame, G. H., 195 
Grahame, L., I 10 
Grand Challenge Trophy, 296 
Granger, G. A., V-14, 15 
Grant, Dr. W. L., 96 
Gray, G. R., 295 
Gray, H. L., 276 
Gray, J. H., 140, 298, III-8, 9 
Gray, R., 290 
Graydon, A. S., 264, 277 
Grayson-Smith, H., 282, 284 
Greaves, C. S., 198, 291 
Greaves, G. H., II-7 
Green, Vincent E., 54, 268 
Greene, Mrs. W. E., 274 
Greenwood, D. E. J., 78, 148, 178, 293, 


Greenwood, F. A. H., 293 
Greer, D., 61 
Greer, D. G., 111-14 
Greer, D. M. S., 285 
Greer, W. N., 286 
Greey, J. G., 15, 16, 129 
Greey, P. A., IV-6 
Greey, P. B., 291 
Greey, T. W. G., 290 
Gregoris, F. P., 272 
Gregory, Miss Elsie, 272 
Grey, Earl, 59 
Grey Owl, 226 
Griffith, Dr. H. C., 127 
Grosvenor, S., V 2 
Grout, F. L. J., 198, 202, 203, 204, 291 
Grout, Mrs. F. L. J., 279 
Grout, G. H. P., 37, 283, 289 
Groves, B. D., V-2 
Grylls, H. 111-14 
Grynoch, J. R., 188, 238, 295, V-10 



Guild Room, 259 

Gull Rock Lighthouse, 106 

Gunyo, S. A., 198 

Gwyn, C. F., 84, 291, 296, 298, II-9 

Gwyn, C. P., 270 

Gwyn, T., 276 

Gwynne-Timothy, G. R., 272 

Gwynne-Timothy, Mrs. G. R., 272 

Gymnastics, 13, 17, 42, 62, 97, 98, 111, 
151, 159, 161, 173, 182, 188, 199, 203, 
205, 217, 222, 232, 236, 252, V-8, V-16 




Hague, S. D., 283, 287, 288 

Haileybury School, England, 130 

Hale, G. C., 287, 290 

Hall, H. L., 169, 264 

Hall, R. T., 166, 173, 176, 287, 294, 296, 


Hall, T. M. H., 293 
Ham, J. S., 39 
Ham, T. J., 172, 294 
Hamilton Bronze Medal, 210 
Hamilton, the Rev. H. F., 210, 281, 287, 


Hamilton, R. M., 38 
Hamilton Tigers, 129 
Hamilton, T. P., 294 
Hammond, E. A., 290, 296, 298 
Hammond, F. D. M., 290, 2%, 298, 1-16 
Hampson, E. G., 250, 264, 290, 296, 1-13 
Hancock, G.R.K., 172 
Handel oratorios, 72, 218 
Hardy, H., 195 
Hare, M., III-7 
Hare, P. D., 282, III-7 
Hargraft, J., 1-10 
Hargraft, M. A., 273, 286, V-2 
Hanson, R., 23 
Harley, R. E., V-15 
Harper, D. W., 198, 202, 203, 204 
Harper, S. E., 77, 291, II-7 
Harrington, C. F., 87, 88, 264 
Harrington, C. H., 189, 295, V-14 
Harrington, E. H., 22, 24, 25, 29, 30, 35, 

267, 1-8 

Harrington, J. E., 85, II 9 
Harris, L. P., 196, 271 
Harris, P. B., 287, 290, II-3 
Harris, R. V., 63, 108, 244, 247, 284, 290 
Harris, W. G., 111-10 
Harrison, Mrs. C. M., 275 

Harrison, H. C., 289 
Harstone, C. J., 247 
Hart House Players, 223 
Hart, Mrs. M. M., 279 
Hart, R. S., 175, 178, 294, 298, V-l 
Hart, S. G., 275 
Hart, S. M., V-3 
Harvey, O. D., III-7, 8 
Harvey, R. D., 1-13 
Harvey, R. L., 295 
Harvie, C. C., 66 
Harvie, Neil S., 285 
Hass, H. C., 149, 271 
Hassel, D. G., 295 
Haultain, C. F., 198, 203, 204 
Haultain, Mrs. C. S., 259 
Havergal College, 190 
Hay. D. A., 62, II-5 
Hay, W. H., 66 
Hayes, B. P., 140, 292, III-7, 9 
Hayes, J.S., 298, 11-16 
Head Boys, 16,281-82 
Headmasters' Association, 114, 134 
Headmasters' Association of British 
Schools, 230 

Headmaster's Cup for Boxing, 199 
Healey, A., III-7, 8 
Heard, W. A., 177, 191, 273, V-15 
Heaton, H. A., 195, 245, 246 
Heaven, C. A., 83, 268, 270, 284 
Hebden, R., 61 
Hector, Miss, 268 
Heenan, R. M. L., 284, 294, 297 
Hees, G. H., 129, 194, 276 
Helliwell, F. J., 11, 15, 288, 1-6 
Henderson, Mrs. E., 256 
Henderson, H. L., 264, 278, 292, 11-16 
Henderson, J.M.,11-16 
Henderson, P. D., 62, 77 
Henderson, P. E., 90, 264, 275, 1-13 
Henderson, R. B. L., 295 
Hendrie, A. O., 294 
Henning, W. H., V-5 
Kenwood, R. B., V-15 
Hepburn, W. W., 269 
Heron, A. D., 282, 284, 295, V-15 
Herridge, W. R. B., 233, 285, 111-12 
Hetherington, Major E., 217, 290 
Hett, A. S., 272 
Heurtley, C. A., 96 
Hewitt, J. W., 291 



Hibbard, E. D., 111-15 

Hibbard, the Rev. G. F., 268 

Hibbard, the Rev. W. R., 54, 268 

Higginbotham, D. C., 140, III-9 

Higginbotham, J. F. M., 292 

Higgins, A. J. B., 160, 165, 173, 287, 294, 


Higgins, M. H., 294 
Higgins, T. D., 175, 294, IV-2, V-l 
Highton, A. C., 267 
Hill, F. B., 37, 288 
Hill, G. A., 272 
Hillfield College, 186 
Hinckley, R. O., 61, 287, 291 
Hindes, G. R., 287, 290 
Hinds, W. G., 288 
Hinds, W. L. N., 198, 202 
Kingston, H. W., 277 
Hiscocks, C. R., 270 
Hockey, 42, 58, 62, 74, 76, 77, 106, 107, 

119, 124, 135, 140, 151, 153, 158, 159, 

160, 165, 173, 176, 190, 199, 203, 211, 

217, 232, 236, 237, 244, 245 
Hodgetts, A. B., 140, 141, 158, 171, 176, 

178, 272, III-ll, 14, IV-2, 10, 11, 13 
Hodgetts, Mrs. A. B., 279 
Hodgetts, R. B., 238, 241, 282, 284, 286, 


Hoffman, E. M., 232 
"Hogans, The", 88 
Hogg, W. S., 66, 291 
Holcroft, K. M., 290 
Holderness School, 235, 237 
Hope, R. A., 140, 144 
Holman, R. M., III-7, 8 
Holt, R. A., V-2 
Holton, J. M., 292 
Holton, L. J., 292 
Holton, M. B., V-15 
Hooker, A. H., 267 
Hope, R. A., III-ll 
Hospital, 64, 79, 85, 125, 132, 133, 142, 


Hough, E. S., II-7 
Houghton, A. Styler, 268, 113 
Houston, J. A., 64, 264, 281, 283, 288 
Houston, W. R., 248 
Howard, A. D., 172 
Howard, A. M., 79 
Howard, D. M., 243, 288 
Howard, E., 136, 140, 147, 166, 188, 227, 

264, 277, 287, 293, 297, III-6, 11, 16 
Howard, J. Scott, 124, 155, 288 
Howard, P. P., 11-10 

Howard, R. P., 282, 292, 11-10 

Howard, Scott W., 37 

Howard, W. A. M., 291, II-7 

Howe, J. P., 286 

Howe, Mrs. R. W., 275 

Howland, V. W., 111,188 


Hewlett, R.N., 21 8 

Hubbard, T. D., 290 

Hubbell, G. S., 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 

Hudson, M.C., V-15 

Huestis, D. W., 135 

Hughes, A. G. T., 150, 178, 293 

Hughes-Hallett, D. H. C., 223 

Hughes, J. N., 293 

Hugill, D. C., 295 

Hull, R. M., III-7 

Humble, A. H., 115, 146, 149, 166, 171, 

251, 271, III-ll, 12, IV-4, 10, 13 
Humble, C. J., 235, 236 
Hume, D., 227 

Humphreys, R. T. C., 293, IV-10 
Hunt, P. S., 159, IV-10 
Huntingford, the Rev. E. W., 264 
Hurricane Hazel, 239 
Huycke, E. J. M., 78, 129, 134, 139, 140, 

144, 255, 264, 277, 287, 293, 296, 297, 


Huycke, F. A. M., 292, III-7 
Huycke, G. M., 264 
Hyde, C.D., 295 
Hyde, Mrs. G. M., 279 
Hyde, H. A., 147, 293, 297, III-9, 12 
Hyde, The Hon. Mr. Justice Miller, 264 
Hyde, P. B. M., 294 
Hyland, J. H., 174, 175, 294, V-l, 7 
Hyland, W. A. H., 166, 294, 11-11, IV- 


Hylton, J. D., 293 
Hyndman, H. H., 282 

Ince, A. Strachan, 169, 264, 276, 291 

Ince, G., 296 

Ince, J. H., 77, 283, 289, 1-1 1 

Ince, W. C., 290 

Ince, W. S., 285 

Ince, Mrs. William, 259, 279 

Independent School Champions (Basket- 
ball), 177, 178 

Ingles, the Ven. Archdeacon C. J., 106 

Ingles, the Rev. C. L., 155, 267, 281, 283, 
287, 288, II-3 

3 66 

Ingles, G. Leycester, 62, 269 

Ingles, H. F., 243 

Ingles, H. L., 283, 288 

Ingles, J. C., 288 

Ings, E. I. H., 291, 298 

Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union, 


Inter-Flat Challenge Cup (Debating), 79 
lolanthe, 172 

Iron Bridge, 215, 216, 11-14 
Irvine, J. A., 85, 217, 230, 292, 296, II-9 
Irvine, J. R. C., 295, V-14 
Irving, P. A. E., 48, 283 
Irwin, J. M., 293 
Irwin, S. van E., 239, 284, 286 

Jackman, F. L. R., 78, IV-2 

Jack Maynard Trophy, 297 

Jackson, J. R. de J., 284, 286 

Jackson, P. B., 236 

Jackson, W. E., 176, 178, 295, V-13 

James, H. E., 289 

James, H. G., 83, 143, 149, 211, 213, 217, 

229, 230, 233, 274, 11-10, 14 
James, J.F., 178, V-15 
James, M. B., 232 
Jamieson, J. B., 295 
Jarvis, the Rev. Canon A., 9, 11, 12, 283, 


Jarvis, E.S., 271 
Jarvis, R. S., 293 
Jarvis, W. I., 1-8 
Jeffrey, H. F., 291 
Jellett, M., 245 
Jellett, R. P., 40, 41, 49, 51, 63, 70, 101, 

113, 116, 123, 142, 179, 180, 264, 276, 


Jellett, Mrs. R. P., 258, 279 
Jemmett, H. D. M., 278, 298 
Jenkins, W. A. K., 165, 278, 294 
Jennings, P. C. A. E., 195, 239, IV-12 
Jim McMullen Trophy, 297 
Johnson, Dr. Arthur Jukes, 9, 10, 11, 64, 

76, 79, 132, 264, 269, 275, 288 
Johnson, A. J., 290 
Johnson, Mrs. A. J. D., 253, 256 
Johnson, G. H., 85, 88, 287, 292 
Johnson, Lt. Col. J., 3 
Johnson, James Bovell, 13 
Johnson, J. D., 264 
Johnson, R. M., 124, 264 


Johnson, R. W. 165, 166, 294, 296 
Johnson, the Rev. W. A., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 

Johnson, Willie, 15 
Johnston, E. G., 11-10 
Jones, A. B., I- 10 
Jones, A. R. C., 78, 133, 292, 296 
Jones, C.E.F., 291 
Jones, C. Newbold, 289 
Jones, D. F. N., 136 
Jones, D. O. R., 287, 288 
Jones, E. H., 1-10 
Jones, G., 273 

Jones, Jonas, 21, 22, 23, 18 
Jones, L.K., 11,288,1-6 
Jones, Dr. Newbold C., 244 
Jones, the Rev. R. E., 50, 262, 264, 268, 


Jones, R. N., 283 
Jones, R.S., 271 
Jones, T. H., 289 
Jones, T. Roy, 264 
Jones, the Rev. William, 2, 3, 7, 9, 17, 

28, 57, 264 
Jones, W. W., 37 
Journey's End, 172 
Joy, D. S., V-3 
Joy, M. L. G., 104, 286 
Jukes, A. E., 61, 248, 265, 276, 1-16 
Jukes, Laura, 4 
Junior Canadian Record (Swimming), 


Junior Department, 58 
Junior School, 50, 55, 70, 72, 73, 77, 78, 

79, 80, 81, 83, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 92, 100, 

101, 105, 108, 111, 113, 115, 117, 120, 

121, 133, 141, 142, 143, 149, 197-242,245, 

246, 247, 261, II-6 


Kaulbach, C. E. N., 298 

Kawartha Drama Festival, 241 

Kayll, S. A., 60, II-3 

Reefer, E.B., 111,11-13 

Keefer, R. G., 107, 109, 110, 138,11-11, 13 

Kelk, P. A., 111-10 

Kennedy, H. B., 191 

Kenney, L. J., V-2 

Kennish, J. T., 173, 174, 175, 294, V-l, 7 

Kent, B.B., V-14 

Kent, Mrs. Lionel P., 279 

Kern, A., 290 

Kerr, J. W., 107, 111, 119, 145, 169, 191, 



246, 253, 254, 255, 272, 275, 287, 292, 
296, 11-13 

Kerrigan, J.V., 217, 252, 277 


Kersteman, W. S., 298 

Ketchum, D. V., 111-10 

Ketchum Era, Early years 99-151; Middle 
Years 152-67; The Final Years 168-85 

Ketchum, E. J. D., 238, 282, 284, 286, 294, 

Ketchum, H. F., 82, 83, 211, 270, 274 

Ketchum, Judge, 100 

Ketchum, J. A. C., 166, 175, 294, 297, 
298, 11-11, 111-10, IV-12, 16 

Ketchum, J. D., 70, 72, 81, 82, 83, 216, 
218, 252, 270, 274, 282 

Ketchum, K. G. B., 82, 83, 198, 203, 274 

Ketchum, N. F. J., 175, 295, V-5 

Ketchum, Dr. P. A. C., 30, 74, 83, 84, 99- 
185, 186, 190, 213, 221, 223, 224, 225, 
227, 228, 229, 230, 239, 246, 247, 248, 
250, 252, 258, 260, 263, 265, 271, 274, 
1-2, II-6, 9, III-6, 8, 9, 11, 14, 16, 
IV-2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 13, 16, V-l, 9 

Ketchum, Mrs. P. A. C., 99, 183, 184, 260 

Ketchum, P. G. C., 148, 175, 232, 284, 
286, 293, 111-10, IV-6, 7 

Key, A. B., 146,251,272 

Keyes, R. G., 293 

Keyes, J. J., 296 


Kiddell, the Rev. K. S., 155, 273 

Kimball Union, 176 

Kime, J. J., 177, 178, 295, V-15 

King, J.G., 21 1,291 

King George V Trophy, 139 

Kingman, A. Jr., 235, 236, 237, 275 

Kingsmill, N., 276, 287 

Kingstone, H. G., 289 

Kingston Medal-O.B.A., 190 

Kirby.R.W., 188.V-10 

Kirk, C. B. K., 78 

Kirk, C. M., 278 

Kirk, W. R., 53 

Kirkpatrick, A. T., 289 

Kirkpatrick, Sir George, 48 

Kirkpatrick, Mrs. George, 279 

Kirkpatrick, H. J., 292 

Kirkpatrick, J. D., 265 

Kirkpatrick, R. M., 177, 273, 293, V-3 

Kirkwood, W. A., 272 

Kline, J.E., 110, 111,11-13 

Knight, Arthur, 272 

Knight, D. M., 175 

Knight, D. N., 265 

Knight, D. W., 287, 294, 296, 297, V-l, 7 
Knox, G. B., 105, 298 

Labatt, Hugh F., 49, 52, 179, 252, 265, 


Labatt, John S., 49 
Ladies' Guild, 54, 58, 80, 192, 241, 256- 

61; Branches 256-58; Bursaries 259, 260; 

Presidents, 279; Gifts to the School, 280 
Lafleur, A. J., 166, IV-6 
Lafleur, H. P., 160, 161, 165, IV-4 
Laing, C. A., 293 
Laing.D., 171, V 14 
Laing, George D., 60, 62, III 11 
Laing, G. F., 265, 287, 291, II-l, 3 
Laing, M., V-14 
Laing, Peter, 265 
Lakefield Preparatory School, 53, 77, 83, 

100, 106, 202, 203, 204 
Lake Lodge School, 73, 220, 221, 223 
Lamb, H. Alastair, 286 
Lamb, S.C., 241 
Lambert, K. C., 284 
Lambert, S. N., 135, 139, 227, 230, 292, 

297, III-7, 9 
Lampman, Archibald, 49, 244, 281, 283, 

Landry, P. C., 124, 161, 166, 222, 272, 

III-3, 16, IV-6, 12, 13 
Langmuir, A. W., 290 
Langmuir, Col. J. W., 121, 150, 154, 164, 

179, 1-3, IV-5 
Langmuir, Mrs. J. W., 260 
Langmuir, J. W. C., 124, 194, 265, 275, 

287, 292, 11-16 
Langmuir, K. M., 79 
Langslow, H. R., 290 
LaPierre, T., 240 
Large, F. S., 275 

Larkin, Gerald, 169, 178, 265, III-4 
Lash, A. B., 174, 175, 177, 235, 287, 294, 

297, IV-11, V-l, 7 
Lash, Colonel J. F., 84, 247 
Lash, J. R., 78 
Lash, J.R.M., 166, IV-16 
Lash, P. J.B., 84, 161,11-9 
Lash, Z.R.B., 218 
Lauder, F. H., 288 
Lausanne Conference (Church Unity), 


Lawless, W.T.,I-11 
Lawrence, the Rev. Canon C. G., 34, 153, 

155.272.IV-3, 13 

3 68 


Lawrenceville Tournament, 165, 176 

Lawson, D. I. F., 293 

Lawson, H. O., 290 

Lawson, J. F., 268 

Lawson, T. W., 269 

Lawson, T. W. f 147, 173, 174, 176, 190, 

273, 293, 111-12, IV-13, V-l, 13 
Laybourne, L. C. N., 178, 295, V-2, V- 


Laybourne, Lawrence E., 265 
Layne, G. F. P., 227 

Lazier, S. D., 78, 84, 211, 230, 291, II-7, 9 
Leacock, G., 252 

Leacock Medal for Humour, 195 
Leacock, Stephen, 37 
Leadbeater, W. J., 275 
Leader, Major General H. P., 37, 38, 45, 


Leather, E. H. C., 194 
Leather, Harold H., 265 
Leggat, W. S., 11-10 
Leggatt, G. J., 37, 288 
LeMesurier, H. V., 291 
LeMesurier, J. R., 104, 135, 145, 255, 265, 

LeMoine, Mrs. J., 279 
Lennard, J. E., 277 
Lennard, S. B., 160 
LeSueur, R. V., 265, 293, 297 
Leuty, J. G., 270 
LeVan, R. W., 294, IV-2 
Levedag, P. R. E., 175, IV-11, V-l 
Lewin, F. O. S., III-7 
Lewin, W. A. H., 281, 283, 288 
Lewis, H. B., 287, 288, 1-11 
Lewis, H. M. M., 277 
Lewis, J. D., 241 
Lewis, J. T., 283 
Lewis, Dr. J. Travers, 2 
Lewis, Mrs. Mostyn, 279 
Lewis, P. H., 82, 83, 85, 107, 136, 140, 

143, 148, 149, 172, 184, 185, 270, 11-14, 

III-9, 16, IV-7, 13 
Lewis, Mrs. P. H., 82, 185 
Library, 122, 126, 173, 210, 211, 240, 259, 

260, V-8 

Lightbourn, Miss, 268 
Lindop, D. R., 171, 239, 282, V-14 
Lindsay, E. L., 247 
Lindsay, L. L., 61 
Litchfield, G. A., 9, 267, 1-8 
Lithgow, J. H., 265 

Little, B. W., 287, 293, IV-6 

Little, E. M., 265 

Little, H. A. P., 239 

Little, J. E., 294 

Little Big Four Athletic Competition, 

First 59; First Championship 60, 61; 

109, 110, 119, 127, 140, 147, 148, 158, 

159, 161, 164, 165, 174, 176, 177, 188, 

Lloyd, the Rev. Arthur, 40, 41-43, 262, 

265, 267, 1-1 
Lloyd, Mrs. A., 42 
Locke, R. H., 283, 289 
Lockwood, H. S., 11-10 
Lodge, The, 18, 40, 41, 44, 57, 70, 85, 86, 

141, 175, 183, 256 
Lodge School, Barbados, 50 
Loewen, C. J., 283, 288, 1-1 1 
Logan, C., 283 
Logan, C. J., 35, 267, 1-8, 10 
Logan, J. R., 288 

London Daily Mail Competition, 162 
Long, E. A., 165, 166, 294, IV-16 
Long, J. H., 160, 161, IV-2, 4 
Loosemore, The Rev. R. H., 156 
Lord Strathcona Trophy (Gym), 111 
Loscombe, E. W., 289 
Lottridge, M. G., 289 
Loucks, W. M., 283, 287, 288 
Lount, Samuel, 4 
Lower Canada College, 158 
Lucas, A. S. B., 284 
Lucas, F.T., 281, 287, 290 
Lucas, G. T., 282 
Lucas, S. B., 290 
Luke, M. C., 202, 203 
Lumsden, H. A., 290 
Luxton, D. W., 155, 161, IV-6 
Luxton, G. M., 166, 278, 111-10, IV-6 
Luxton, the Rt. Rev. G. N., 155 
Lyon, L. M., 42, 287, 289 
Lyon, W. D., 291 


Macaulay, N. H., 60, 61, 265, 291, II-3 
MacDonald, D. M., 278 
Macdonald, I. R., 135, 140, III-7, 9, 11 
MacDonald, J. A. B., 295 
MacDonald, Wilson, 226 
Macdonell, Lieut. General, Sir A. C., 48, 
75, 80, 107, 244, 265, 288, 1-10 
Macdonell, A. J., 284 
Macdougall, Henry, 30 



Macfie, F. D., 290, 1-13 

MacGregor, H. S., 290, 296 

MacGregor, J. D., 285, 293, 298 

MacGregor, H. S., 1-13 

MacGregor, R. E., 290, 1-13 

Maclnnes, C. D., 285 

Maclnnes, C. S., 264, 265 

Maclnnes, Mrs. D. A., 279 

Maclnnes, Brig. General D. S., 48, 285 

Mackendrick, G. K., 287, 291 

Mackenzie, the Rev. A. W., 268 

Mackenzie, J. A., 290, 298 

Mackenzie, M. A., 35, 36, 268, 283, 289, 


Mackenzie, M. G., 272 
Mackenzie, M. W., 82 
Mackie, R. E., III-7, 8 
MacKinnon, D. E., IV-2 
Mackinnon, J. B., 265 
Mackintosh, D. C., 202, 209 
Macklem, O. R., 111-10 
Macklem, P. T., 151, 234, 111-10 
Macklem, S., 283, 288, 1-8 
Macklem, the Rev. T. C. S., 55, 262, 265 
MacLaren, J. L., 293 
Macleod, J. D., 273 
MacNab, R. A. G., 176, 189, 190, 193, 

236, 295, 296, 297, V-13, 14 
Macqueen, F. W., 18 
Madden, R., 11-10 
Maddock, the Rev. H. E., 265 
Magann, G. L., 194 
Magee, B. R. B. L., 235, 295, V-3 
Magee Cup, 202, 203 
Maier, R. G. S., 122,271 
Maier, R. M., 148 
Mail and Empire, 1 14 
Main, F. J., 293 
Manning, K. M., 277 
Manning, T. J., 189, V-14 
Marconi, 49 

Marett, D. C., 175, 235, 294, V-l, 7 
Marigold, W. G., 272 
Marks, G. T., 288 
Marling, T. W. B., 289 
Marmion, Mrs., 24, 29, 267 
Marshall, K. G., 158, 159, 188, 293 
Marshall, M. D. P., 191 
Martin, A. B.C., 291 
Martin, A. F. R., 45, 49, 281, 283, 289 
Martin, A. K. R., 294 
Martin, C., 62 
Martin, C. I. B., 189, V-14 
Martin, C. K. C., 282 

Martin, D'A. Argue C., 78, 79, 95, 112, 

250, 265, 276, 277, 291, 1-4 
Martin, D'A. P., 191, 193, 282, 287, 295 
Martin, D. R., 295 
Martin, D'A. R. C., 37, 49, 90, 111, 245, 

275, 287, 289, 1-10 
Martin, E. D. K., 282, 284 
Martin, E. K. C., 37, 49 
Martin, E. O. C., 61, 291, 296, II-l 
Martin, F. J., 209 
Martin, H. A., 88, 112 
Martin, H. A. R., 112 
Martin, Hilary S., 269 
Martin, J. K., 177, V-2 
Martin, K. A. W., 298 
Martin, P. G., 158, 162, 195, 232, 234, 293 
Martin, S. L. B., 292 
Martin, Miss Vera, 210 
Martin, W.G., 111,11-13 
Mason, M.J., 290 
Mason, W. G., 165 
Massey, A. D., 166, 278, 294, 111-16, IV- 


Massey, Mrs. Arnold, 279 
Massey, D. A., 273 

Massey, the Rt. Hon. Vincent, 73, 154 
Master Development Plan, 170 
Mathers, F. G., 265, II-3, 111-14 
Mathers, J.E., 276 
Mathewson, F. S., 276, 290 
Matthews, J. N., 284 
Matthews, the Hon. R. C., 107, 130, 265 
Mattocks, J., 289 
Mawhinney, J. K., 273 
Maycock, N. B., 176, V-13 
Maynard, Dr. J. C., 59, 60, 62, 84, 90, 

248, 265, 275, 290, 296, II-l, 3, 5 
McAreeJ.V., 131 
McAvity, H. C., 272 
McCallan, W. D., III-7 
McCarthy, D'Alton L., 48 
McCarthy, D. S., 289 
McCarthy, M. C., 296 
McCarthy, M. D., 265 
McCarthy, Maitland S., 49, 265, 287, 289 
McCaughey, R. H., 161,165, 294, IV-4 
McClintock, Miss Jean, 272 
McCloskey, P. H., 98, 11-16 
McCullagh, C. George, 150, 152, 265, 


McCullagh, R. J., IV-2 
McCullough, J. C., 292 
McDerment, Dr. R., 116, 232, 272 



McDerment, R. M., 158, 159, 160, 161, 

193, 232, 293, 296, 297, IV-2, 4, 7 
McDonald, D. C., 162, 282, 111-12, 13 
McDonic, H., 260 
McDonough, J. D., 148, III-9 
McDowell, M. F., 129, 293 
McEvoy, the Rev. A. N., 202, 208, 274 
McFarlane, the Hon. Mr. Justice M. M., 


McFarlane, P. A., 169, 253, 273, 292 
McGaw, Mrs. T. D., 240, 273 
McGibbon, D. D., 62, II-5 
McGill, Mrs. Frank S., 279 
McGill Form, 120 
McGill University, 55, 60, 132, 134, 159, 

162, 188 

McGregor, D. D., 285 
Mcllroy, Miss Hilda, 272 
McKee, John, 271 
McKendrick, G. K., II-3 
McKenzie, R. N., 273 
McKnight, G. J., 294, V-7 
McLachlin, M. H., 282 
McLaren, D. W., 88, 292 
McLaren, Mrs. D., 260 
McLaren, F. G., 53, 290 
McLaren, F. G., 292 
McLaren, R. H., 295, 296 
McLaren, R. J., 290 
McLaughlin, R. J., V-14 
McLean, A. R., 135, III-ll 
McLean, D. W., 265 
McLennan, Hugh, 286 
McLernon, A. R., 78, 292 
McLernon, R. S., 239 
McLorg, A. S., 202, 204 
McMaster University, 86, 181 
McMullen, J. E. T., 287, 292 
McMurray, L. L., 38 
McMurrich, J. R., 140, 293, 297, III-ll 
McNairn, C. H. H., 172, 173, 286, 294 
McPherson, F. H., 287, 290, 1-16 
Medd, S. A., 196 
Meighen, M. A., 172, 294 
Memorial Cross, 80, 259, 260 
Memorial Endowment Fund, 142, 164, 

Memorial Fund (Junior School), 207, 

208, 245, 246 

Memorial Prizes, Fred Martin, 209 
Memorial Scholarships, 111, 224, 225 

Meredith, A. O., 290 

Meredith, H., 287 

Merrill, V. B., 291 

Merritt, H. K., 37, 243, 288 

Merritt, W. H., 1-7 


Merry, R. E., 161 

Merston, C. J. F., 233 

Mewburn, A. F., 265 

Mewburn, R. M., 236 

Meyer, Paul, 272 

Mickle, M. A., 218 


Migotti, L. H., 272 

Milburn, N., 15 

Milholland, A. S., 293 

Miller, B., 151 

Miller, S. L., 54, 247, 268, II-5 

Miller, S. L. Fund, 54 

Mills, J. R., 165 

Millward, A. E., 140, 155, 234, 282, 284, 

285, 286 

Mill Street, Port Hope, 46 
Milner, R. H., 265 
Minard, A. M., 294 
Minnes, Grant, 276 
Minto, Countess of, 257 
Mitchell, I. S. M., 294 
Mitchell, J. S., 106 
Mockridge, B. O., 175, 295, V-l 
Mockridge, H. R., 284, 287, 290 
Mockridge, Whitney, 49 
Moffatt, M. E. K., 282 
Molson, J. B., IV-2 
Molson, W. K., 146, 149, 219, 250, 251, 

253, 272, IV-13 
Monkey Mountain, 215, 216 
Montagu, Lord, 233 
Montagu, R. E., 233 
Montemurro, H. R. A., 1111 
Montgomery, H. G., 282, 287, 291 
Montizambert, I. B. R., Ill 10 
Montizambert, J. R., 35, 36, 37, 267, 1-13 
Montizambert, Mrs., 269 
Montreal Gazette, 97, 145, 222 
Mood, W., 11 1,292 
Moore, B. C., 288 
Moore, Mrs. Cecil, 142, 229, 232, 241, 

274, 279, IV-13 
Moore, H. E., 74, 291 
Moore, J. G., 267 
Moore, R. J., 288 
Morgan, D. W., 293 
Morgan, Henry W., 265 
Morgan, R. E. S., 129, III-8 



Morris, A. C., 83, 119, 143, 149, 270, II- 


Morris, Mrs. A. C., 279 
Morris, D. W., 142, 229, 233, 237, 274, 

IV-13, V-5 

Morris, Brig. Gen. E. M., 48, 1-10 
Morris, F. J. A., 50, 51. 54, 268, 1-16, 


Morris, F. W., 298 
Morris, H., 289 

Morris, J. H., 77, 291, 298, II-5 
Morris, R. S., 156, 288, 1-10 
Morris, R. T., 293 
Morrow, A., 290 
Morse, E. W., 115, 119, 209, 222, 249, 

250, 270, 11-14 
Morse, P. W., 111-10 
Morse, W. H., 79, 205, 213, 217, 229, 230, 

274, 11-14 

Moss, Pat, Camp, 135, V 9 
Moss, T. P., 95, 135,218,282 
Mossom, Boyd, 18 
Mowat Scholarship (Mathematics, 

Queen's), 83 
Mowry, B., IV-2 
Mudge, R. M. L., 292 
Mulholland, R. D., 265, 291, 296 
Mulligan, E. A., 289,1-11 
Muntz, E. P., 158, 159, 160, 286, 293, 

IV-2, 7 

Murray, H. L., 172 
Murray, J. R. C., 269 
Murray, L.L.,1-11 
Music, 9, 16, 17, 20, 25, 40, 58, 72, 81-83, 

103, 123, 167, 172-73, 185, 187-88, 191, 

204-05, 209, 214, 218, 233, 240 
Mussen, P., 82 


Nanton.A.A., 165,294 

Nash, Edwin, 85, 149, 175, 270 

National Ballet of Canada, 195 

Naylor, F. W., 236 

Neal, E. A., 295 

Nelles, Admiral P. W., 194, 231, 265 

Nesbitt, A. M., 135 

Neville, D. H., 292 

Neville, G. L., 11-10 

New Boy System, 156, 157 

Newcomb, E. B., 293, 297 

Newcomb, Mrs. W. K., 279 

Newell, P. S., 241 


Newland, R. T., 175, 177,294, IV-2, V-l 

Newman, R. H. J., 292 

Newton, J. D., 176, 295, V-2, 13 

New York Churchman, 42 

Nichol, the Rev. R. T., 35, 267, 1-13 

Nicliol, T. E., 88, 292 


Nichols, C. G. W., 298 

Nichols, T. E., 210, 254, 278 

Nichols, W., 16, 283 

Nickle, D. C., 78, 83, 284, II-7 

Nightingale, W. H., 36, 51, 54. 244, 268, 


Nisbet, A. W., II-7 
Nobbs, P. F. S., V-3 
Noble, R.B., 191, V-15 
Norley, James, 36 
North American Mathematics Contest, 


North West Rebellion, 38 
Nova Scotia, Bishop of, 108 
Nova Scotia Diocese, Chancellor, 108 
Nugent, J. A., 188, 189, V-10, 14 
No. 10 Squadron (City of Toronto), 

R.C.A.F. 114 


Oborne, J. G., 177, V-3 

O'Brian, G. P. St. G., 239 

O'Brian, Air Commodore G. S., 138, 265, 
275, 282 

O'Brian,}. St. G., 287, 295 

O'Brian, P. B., 189, 191, 295, 297, V-14 

O'Brian, P. G. St. G., 138, 194, 255, 273, 

Ogilvie, A. T., 289 

Ogilvie, D. W., 289 

Ogle, W. M., 83, 88, 92, 111. 113, 221-23, 
270, 274, II-9, 14 

Old Boys, 37, 58, 62, 74, 75, 76, 80, 81, 98, 
103, 104, 107, 110, 115, 117, 120, 126, 
130, 131, 137, 144, 145, 147, 155, 157, 
160, 169, 180, 182, 189, 190, 191, 192, 
194, 195, 198, 199, 208, 212, 213, 243, 

Old Boys' Association, 54, 81, 98, 112, 
114, 116, 119, 129, 145, 190, 207, 241, 
243-55; Branches, 243, 244, 245, 247, 
248, 250; Bulletin, 251, 253; First Re- 
union, 244; Presidents, 275-78 

Old Boys at War, 145, 251 

O'Meara, the Rev. Dr., 19, 21, 22, 27 

O'Neill, John, 10 

Ontario Championship (Gym), 188 



Ontario Gymnastic Competition, 111 
Ontario Junior Champion (Squash), 166 
Ontario Senior Matriculation, Criticism 

of, 163 

Onslow, C. O., 198, 203 
Orchard Era, 69-98 
Orchard, the Rev. F. G., 39, 46, 58, 68, 

69-98, 105, 122, 126, 131, 142, 180, 185, 

197, 199, 201, 203, 205, 206, 207, 211, 

216, 220, 221, 246, 263, 265, 270, 1-2, 

II-l, 7, 9, 14 

Orchard, Mrs. F. G., 69, 70, 204, 260 
Orchard House, 216, 222 
Orchard, R. G. H., 209, 286 
Order of St. John The Evangelist, 156 
Osborne, Col. H. C., 49, 265, 285 
Osborne, Lt. Col. J. Ewart, 49, 123, 250, 

265, 276 

Osier, A. W. B., 11-11, 111-10, IV-12 
Osier, Britton, 89, 90, 101, 113, 116, 118, 

142, III 4 
Osier, Mrs. Britton, 118, 142, 168, 259, 

279, III-4 
Osier, B. M., 82, 142, 161, 164, 170, 185, 

265, 1-4, IV-8 
Osier, Mrs. B. M., 279 
Osier, C. R., 142, 292 
Osier, D. S., 165, 166, 236, 287, 294, 297, 

11-11, IV-12, 16 
Osier, Sir Edmund, 265 
Osier, Mrs. Edmund, 279 
Osier, E. B., 265 
Osier, Mrs. E. B., 256, 257, 258 
Osier, F. Gordon, 49, 90, 143, 265, 275, 


Osier, the Rev. F. L., 16 
Osier, G. S., 170, 209, 265, 287, 291, 296, 


Osier, Mrs. G. S., 259 
Osier Hall, 88, 118, 121, 191, 258, 11-15 
Osier, Jennette, 6 
Osier, J.G., 142 
Osier, Mrs. J.G., 279 
Osier, P. C., 107, 255, 266, 276 
Osier, P. S., 285, 292 
Osier, R. F. L., 89, II-10 
Osier, R.M..IV-11 
Osier, Sir William, 4, 6, 7, 9-16, 89, 131, 

132, 153, 178, 251, 258, 281, 283, 288, 

1-6, II-2 
Osier, W. E., 82 

Outerbridge, D. R., 165, 166, IV-16 
Overholt, B. M. C., 294 
Owen, the Rev. D. R. G., 262, 265 

Owen, the Most Rev. D. T., 262 
Oxford Cup, 97, 298 

Padley, C. C., 98, 292, 296, 11-16 
Page, W. D., 274 
Paget, D. D. A., 171 
Paisley, H. S. D., 295, IV-1 1 
Palmer, the Ven. Arthur, 266 
Palmer, A. L., 290, 1- 13 
Palmer, J. A., 293 

Palmer, Dr. Wilfred H., 286, 111-15 
Pancake Toss, 58, V-12 
Panet, C. E. de L., 233, 111-10 
Pangman, J. B., 147 
Pangman, Mrs. J. B., 147 
Pangman, P. M., Ill 12 
Parker, A. L., 281, 283, 287, 288 
Parker, E. M., 78, 139, 227, 278, 287, 292, 
296, 297, III-7, 8 
Parkman, Francis, 99, 100, 114 
Parr.D.K., 130,271,11-14 
Partridge, D. G., 196, 292 
Paschal, S. A., 53, 290 
Patch, R. A., 282 
Paterson, A. K., 150 
Paterson, B. R. B., 232 
Paterson, C. B., 232 
Paterson, C. C., 291 
Paterson Cup, 232 
Paterson, Mrs. Donald, 232 
Paterson, H. B., 140, 232, III-7, 8, 9 
Paterson, J. A., 150, 282, 111-13 
Paterson, J. H., 18 
Paterson, J. J. M., 148, 293, III-9, 14 
Paterson, N. R., 232, 284, 286, III-7, 8 
Paterson, P. J., 295, V-5 
Patterson, C. C., 287 
Patterson, J. H., 79 
Patterson, Mrs. J. H., 79, 132, 142 
Patterson, S. D., 273 

Patteson, Ellen (Mrs. Oswald Rigby), 57 
Patton, H. S., 288 
Patton.J.M.S., 194 
Payne, G. A., 148, 293, III-9 
Peacock, J. W. F., 292 
Pearce, H. J. L., II-3 
Pearce, W. A., 295 
Pearce, W. L. K., 62 
Pearce, W. M., 39, 266, 275, II-l, 3 
Pearson, G. A. H., 284, 293, III-ll 
Pearson, G. E., 140, 148, 278, 111-12 



Pearson, H. E., 266 

Pearson, H. J. S., 124, 292 

Pearson, the Rev. John, 266 

Pearson, L. B., 147 

Peck, C.C., 271 

Peck, S.C., 287, 289,1-11 


Pellatt, F. M., 37 

Pellatt, Sir Henry, 37 

Pellatt, Mrs. H., 256 

Penfield, Wilder G., 266 

Penryn Park, 36 

People of God, The, 210 

Pepler, P., 42 

Fernet, Monsieur, 10, 267 

Perram, W. H., 20, 22-26, 266, 1-7, 8 

Perrin, P. B., 173, 174, 175, V-l 

Perry, C. N., 40, 288 

Perry, F. A., 273 

Perry, George D., 19, 20, 23-26, 288 

Perry, Peter, 15, 16, 19, 26, 36, 40, 173, 

267, 288, 1-8, 10 

Perry, Peter Diary excerpts, 19-27 
Pershing, General, 89 
Peterborough Cannonball, 216 
Peters, W. A., 111-15 
Petry House, 134, 141, 164 
Petry, Miss Gertrude (Mrs. P. H. Lewis), 

82, 88, 218, 274 
Petry, H. H., 291 
Petry, Dr. H. J. H., 73, 79, 84, 219, 269, 


Petry Memorial Fund, Dr., 247 
Pettit, J. H., 288 

Philippine Islands, Bishop of, 87 
Phillips, J. A., 119, 158, IV-2 
Phillips, P. S., 282, 295 
Phillips, W. M., 104 
Philp, Mrs., 39, 53, 81 
Philp, W., 267 
Phin, K. G., 282 
Phippen, P. G., 188, 236, 273, III-3, IV- 

10, V-10 

Phippen, W. G., 293 
Phipps, D. 295 
Phipps, G. E., 170, 266, 1-4 
Phipps, N. E., 84, 266, 282, 284, 291 
Pickering College, 106 
Picton, 3 

Pierce, Z. W. M., 239 
Piercy, A. E., 290 
Pinafore, H.M.S., 172 
Pinkham, E. J. V., 62, 129, 282, 290, II-5 
Piper, J.C., 297 

Pirates of Penzance, 172, III 15, V 11 

Pixie, G. McG., 74 

Pirie, G. W., II-3 

Playter, Miss, 256 

Plummer, H. L., 287, 290 

Plummer, M. V., 290 

Plummer, P. W., 290 

Plumptre, Mrs. H. P., 103, 104 


Pollock, G. W., 178, V-2 

Poole.E., 11,288 

Poole, W., 1-7 


Port Hope, 5, 9, 15, 18, 19, 20, 22, 27, 31, 

33, 36, 38, 44, 45, 74, 80, 86, 88, 89, 105, 

120, 123, 136, 202, 220, 256, 257 
Port Hope Guide, 36, 37, 42, 43 
Port Hope Registry Office, 18 
Port Hope Times, 31, 213 
Port Hope Town Hall, 44 
Port Hope, Walton Street, 85 
Port Hope, Ward Street, 18, 52, 79 
Port Maitland, 4 
Poliomyelitis Epidemic, 119, 120 
Powell, G. E., 40, 288 
Powell, R. M., 85, 95, 282, 285, II-9 
Powell, T. C., 298 
Power, George, 272 
Powers, L. B., 267 
Powers, Mrs., 256 
Prager, V. M., 285 
Prefects, 288-95, 1-6 
Prentice, J. D., 285 
Price, D. G., 11-10 
Price, D. J., V-2 
Price, D. M., IV-12 
Price, E., 2 1,22 
Price, H. E., 289 
Price.J. A., IV-12 
Primate of All Canada, 107, 108 
Prince of Wales Scholarship, 140 
Princess Alice, H.R.H., 133, 233 
Pringle, R. H. C., 289, 1-11, 16 
Principles and Practice of Medicine, 

The, 6 
Prower, J. A. M., 167, 172, 191, 192, 272, 


Public School Hymn Book, 72 
Pullen, H. C., 287, 291, IV-13 


Quebec Open Meet (Gym), 159 

Queen's University, 57, 83, 109, 228 




Racketts, H. J., 267 
Ramsay, K. A., 290 
Ratcliffe, A., 272 
Rathbone, E. R., 290 
Rathbone, G. H., 107 
Rathbun, L. M., 44, 52, 77, 290 
Ravenscourt, 53, 65 
Rawlinson, G. L., Ill, 11-13 
Ray, R. G., 282 
Ray, W. R. G., 291 
Raynor, W. S., 190 
Read, C. F., 77, II-5 
Read, E.S., 210, 276 
Read, Mrs. W., 267 
Read, W. A., 288 
Readers' Club of Canada, 195 
Reading Cup, 210 
"Rebellion" of 1912, 64-68 
Record, The, 8, 42, 46, 51, 52, 53, 62, 74, 
76, 82, 88, 112, 130, 135, 137, 139, 144, 

149, 182, 191, 202, 204, 205, 209, 211, 
219, 220, 227, 230, 231, 234, 246, 249, 
253, 1-15 

Rectory, The, Weston, 15 
Red and Black, 42 
Redpath, R. F., 11-11 
Reed, the Rt. Rev. E. S., Bishop of Ot- 
tawa, 156 

Reed, L. M. K., 98, 282, 11-16 
Rees, H. C., 247 
Reeve, C. G., V-5 
Reford.M., 284,111-7 
Reid, B. T., 295 
Reid, E. N. L., 290, 1-16 
Reid, I. B., III-7 
Reid, J. M. K., 60, 62, 290, II-l, 3 
Reid, T.L., 11-16 
Reid, W. B., 292 
Religio Medici, 6 

Renison, G. E., Ill, 119, 287, 292, 11-13 
Renison, the Rt. Rev. R. J., 48, 116, 131, 

150, 153, 154, 155, 180, 195, 207, 252, 
266, 281, IV-3 

Renison, W. T., 296 

Renwick, Miss, 256 

Reycraft, G. S., 296 

Rhea, L. D., 111-12 

Rhodes, B. A., 62, 290, II-l, 3 

Rhodes, General Sir Godfrey, 194 

Rhodes, G. D., 61, 282, 287, 290, 1-16 

Rhodes, H., 1-16 

Rhodes, Neil, 272 

Rhodes Scholarships, 84, 150, 162, 282, 


Rice, C. G., 77, II-5 
Rice Lake, 209, 233 

Richards, J. L. G., 177, 295, 296, V-2, 5 
Richardson, G. B. O., 11-11, 111-10, 


Richmond, K. R., V-2 
Ridley College, 52, 59, 60, 61, 77, 84, 95, 

107, 110, 119, 127, 128, 140, 148, 158, 

159, 174, 175, 176, 177, 184, 186, 189, 

222, 227 

Ridout, R. J., 53 
Rigby, Miss A. L., 269 
Rigby House, 216, 217 
Rigby, Miss K. (See Dr. Katherine R. 

Rigby, the Rev. Oswald, 34, 56, 57-68, 

76, 79, 89, 105, 194, 216, 257, 258, 263, 

266, 269, 1-2, II-l 
Rigby, Mrs. Oswald, 39, 57, 59, 256, 258, 

259, 279 

Rigby, Oswald, 271 
Riley, C. E. S., IV-2 
Ritchie, C. S. A., 194 
Ritchie, the Hon. Mr. Justice R. A., 193 
Robarts, G. L., 140, III-ll 
Roberts, J. P., 82 
Roberts, L. S., 267 
Roberts, W. L., 288 
Robertson, A. B., 282, 291 
Robertson, A. D., 295 
Robertson, G. R., 223 
Robertson, Ian, IV- 11 
Robertson, I. G., V-15 
Robertson, J. O., IV-2 
Robertson, P. K., 113 
Robertson, R. M., 23, 25, 18 
Robertson, R. R., 293 
Robertson, S. M., 285, 295, 296 
Robertson-Fortay, C. P. M., 272 
Robinson, A. N., 285 
Robinson, C. C., 262, 284 
Robinson, Sir John Beverley, 262 
Robinson, N. B., 287, 290 
Robson, E. W., 292 
Roche, L. E., 79, 291 
Rockefeller Foundation, 112, 251 
Rockefeller, John D., 251 
Roenisch, D. H., 136, 140, III-ll 
Rogers, A. S. C., 290 
Rogers, B. T., IV-2 
Rogers, D.McG., 37, 283, 289 
Rogers, E. J., 288, 1-8 
Rogers, E. R., 288 



Rogers, G. C., 17 

Rogers, I. F. H., 178, 293, 111-12, 14 

Rogers, J. B., 254, 278 

Rogers, P. T., II 7 

Rogers, R. B., 26, 288 

Rogers, W. J., 37, 283, 288 

Roper, the Rev. J. C., 266 

Roper, T. F. H., 217, 230, 11-10 

Roosevelt, F. D., 95 

Rose, C. J., 18 

Ross, A. F., 188, 295 

Ross, C. B., 85, 292, II-9 

Ross, G. G., 60, 290, II-3 

Ross, H. L., 294 

Ross, J. A., 291 

Rowan, D. W. C., 273 

Rowe, Mrs. Henry, 267 

R.C.A.F. Association Trophy (Cadets), 

Royal Commission on Education, 143, 

Royal Military College, 37, 47, 60, 62, 79, 

95, 108, 188, 221, 228 
Rudolph, Mrs. R. G., 279 
Rugby (School) , 130 
Rugger, English, 37, 127 
Russel, Blair, 147 
Russel, Mrs. Blair, 147 
Russel, B. D., 11-16 
Russel, B. S., 292, 298 
Russel, C. M., 87, 266, 276, 287, 291, 292 
Russel, G. D., 11-10 
Russel, H., 124, 147, 292 
Russel, H. D. S., 78, 98, 106, 137, 147 
Russel, P. M., 292 
Russell, D., 227 

Ryall, H. H., 202, 203, 204, 205, II-7 
Ryan, Miss Margaret, 125, 272 
Ryley, C. E. S., 294 
Ryley, J. R. S., 294 
Ryrie, E., 75, 291 
Ryrie, J. R., 191 
Ryrie, R., 79, 80, 282, 291 

Saegert, P. F. M., 104, 166, 172, 238, 284, 

294, IV-16 

St. Alban's School, 68, 70 
St. Andrew's College, 59, 60, 61, 83, 96, 

106, 109, 124, 127, 135, 140, 148, 158, 

159, 160, 164, 165, 172, 173, 174, 189, 

202, 203, 204, 222, 232, 241 
St. George's Church, Gore's Landing, 5 
St. John's Chapel, Weston, 11, 1-5 

St. John's Church, Dunnville, 4 

St. John's Church, Port Hope, 18, 19, 29, 


St. Lawrence Hall, 44 
St. Mark's Church, Port Hope, 55, 59, 227 
St. Paul's Anglican Church, Toronto, 5, 


St. Philip's Church, Weston, 1, 5 
St. Peter's Church, Cobourg, 5 
Saksena, F. B. E., 286 
Sams, L. 161 
Saturday Night, 81, 225 
Saunders, Miss, 269 
Saunders, Dyce W., 37, 45, 49, 77, 90, 266, 

275, 287, 288, 1-3 
Saunders, S. A. H., 177, 294, IV-11 
Saunders, S. B., 80, 161, 251, 266, 276, 291 
Saunders, S. R., 62, 77, 296 
Saunders, T. B., 74 
Saunderson, D. M., 293 
Savage, C. H., 269, II-3 
Savage, G. C., 78 
Savage, H. B., 85, 292, II-9 
Savage, H. M., II-3 
Sawers, the Rev. F. J., 54 
Schaefer, Carl, 226, 271 
Schofield, G. P., 287, 291 
Schofield, S. L., 195, 276 
Scholarship Winners, Open, 283 
School Leaving Course, 103, 114 
School Songs, 82 
Sclater, G. T., 271 
Scott, Miss, 256 
Scott, A. C., 106, 155, 172, 180, 182, 185, 

186-196, 246, 255, 263, 272, 273, 1-2, 

IV-13, V-9, 14, 15 
Scott, Mrs. A. C., 179, 190 
Scott, Charles, 108, 118, 122, 137, 143, 

186, 271, III-6 
Scott, C. B. C., 266 
Scott, C. H., 165, 294 
Scott, H.J., 89, 28 1,285 
Scott, Dr. H. J., 105 
Scott, Mrs. H. M., 125, 170, 272 
Scott, H. M., 284, 286, 294, IV-12 
Scott, K. A. C., 129, 140, 292, III-7, 8, 9 
Scott, K. B., 294 
Scott, Karl E., 192, 266 
Scott, K. G., 173, 174, 175, V-l, 7 
Seager, the Rev. C. A., 262 
Seagram, C. J., 107, 111, 287, 292, 296, 


Seagram, E. F., 296 
Seagram, J. D., 165, 294, 297, IV-10 
Seagram, J. W., 161, 266, 275, IV-10 



Seagram, Norman, 49, 62, 77, 90, 101, 113, 

179, 180, 192, 266, 275, IV-10 
Seagram, N. M., 154, 158, 160, 161, 166, 

277, 286, 293, 111-10, IV-2, 4, 6, 7, 10 
Seagram, N. O., 161, 164, 251, 255, 266, 

276, 291, 296, IV-10 
Seagram, Mrs. N. O., 279 
Seagram, R. D., IV-10 
Seagram, R. G., 166, 294, 298, 11-11, 

IV-10, 12, 16 
Seagram, R. M., 188, 295 
Seagram, T. B., 124, 292 
Seagram, T. W., 77, 266, 1-16 
Seagram, W. A., 111-10 
Seeley, the Rev. R. S. K., 262 
Senior Master, 119, 223 
Senior Master Emeritus, 185 
Senior School, 72, 77, 86, 89, 92, 108, 113, 

115, 117, 143, 146, 199, 223, 227, 228, 

229, 237, 238; Staff, 267-273 
Senkler, E. S., 37, 289 
75th Anniversary, 126, 130, 131, III-6 
Sey, Mrs., 268 
Seymour, C. M., 285 
Sharpe, Miss P. J., 273 
Shaughnessey, Frank, 60 
Shearer, I. K., 271 
Shearme, Mrs. T. H., 141, 270 
Shepherd, P. J., 272 
Shewell, D. G., 285, 295, 297 
Shier, S. A. W., 173, 175, 176, 287, 294, 


Shirriff, C. P., 175, 178, 295, V-l 
Shooting, 111, 124, 133, 139, 182, 203, 


Short, J. W., III-7 
Shorto, A. G., 295, IV-11, V-3 
Sifton, M. C., III-3 
Simpson, the Rev. James, 267 
Sims, Rear Admiral, U.S.N., 80 
Sinclair, E. M., 136, 140, 169, 252, 266, 

287, 293, 296, 297, III-ll, V-6 
Single Stick, 78 
Sjostrom, F. L., 291 
Sketch, M. G. M., 179 
Skiing, 135, 173, 227, 236, III-3 
Skinner, F. V., 65, 66, II-3 
Slater, A. E., 269 
Slater, C. P. R. L., 155, 162, 282, 284, 285, 

286, 293, IV-6, 7 

Slemon, Air Vice Marshal C. R., 151 
Sly, A. B., 218, 271, 11-14 
Smart, J. E., 18 
Smart, Capt. R. W., 269 
Smith, Arnold, 191 

Smith, the Rev. D. A. P., 155, 293, 111-10 
Smith, Miss E. M., 175, 213, 227, 271, 274 
Smith, the Rev. Canon, F. A. M., 155, 

204, 291 

Smith, Goldwin L., 266 
Smith, G. B. L., 78, 209, 291 
Smith, F. G., 23, 25, 26 
Smith, G.H., 78, 79, 111, 119 
Smith, G. Larrett, 80 
Smith, H. G., 79 
Smith, J. G., 275, 283, 289 
Smith, R. H., 78, 111, 119 
Smith, R. P., 175, 176, 294, 297, V-l, 7 
Smith, R. S., 281 
Smith, S. G., 295 
Smye, F. T., 107 

Smye, Fred Challenge Cup (Tennis), 217 
Snelgrove, A. H. N., 172, 272 
Snelgrove, H. B., 274 
Snowdon, D. A. H., 293, 111-12, 14 
Snowshoe Club, 42 
Snyder, Mrs. E. E., 259 
Soccer, 105, 127, 129, 205, 208, 222. 233. 


Solly-Flood, Peter, 119, 272 
Somers, G. B., 292 
Somerville, C. M., 133, 292, 296 
Soney, Joseph, 42 
Southam, W. J. H., 111-10 
Southern, W. A. C., 175, IV-11, V-l 
Southey, J. B. S., 284, 293 
Spears, J. D., V 2 
Speech Day, 16, 38, 59, 98, 107, 124, 133, 

149, 151, 161, 175, 184, 185, 187, 193, 

J.S. 198, 204, 209, 223, 228, 247, IV-13 
Speechley, W. G., 118, 119, 271 
Speech Room, 198 
Spence, R. G., 135,111-11 
Spencer, C., 197 
Spencer, C. C., Ill 10 
Spencer, E. P. S., 287, 289 
Spencer, E. T., 111-14 
Spencer, Mrs. K. R., 82, 234, 253, 273 
Spencer, V. C., 282, 290 
Spicer, P. M., 294 
Sports Day, 170, 204, 222, 224, 235 
Spragge, Dr., 40 
Spragge, G. E., 83, 185 
Spragge, G. W., 90, 270, 282, 291 
Spragge, J. G., 276, 291, 298 
Spragge, J. W., 89 
Spragge, Mary, 89 
Sproat, Henry, 81 
Squash, 81, 97, 98, 112, 147, 161, 166, 173, 

188, 247 



Squash Racket Championship, Canadian 

Amateur, 97 
Stackhouse, B. B., 191 
Stairs, J. A., 285 

Stanford, L. C., 198-206, 270, 274 
StarnesJ. K., Ill, 194 
Staunton, T. A. G., 277 
Steele, A. A., 295 
Steinmetz, N., 282, 284, 294 
Stennett, A. B., 287, 288, 1-10 
Stennett, W. B., 22, 23, 24, 25 
Stephenson, Mrs. E. A., 274 
Stephenson, E. S., 294 
Stephenson, F. P., 175, 294, 296, V-l, 7 
Stevenson, F. M., 113 
Stevenson, G. E. P., 1-11 
Stevenson, Lt. Col. K. L., 125, 149, 271, 


Stevenson, P. S., 84, 291, II-9 
Stewart, I. C., 293 

Stewart, J. A. M., 255, 278, 111-12, 15 
Stewart, Reginald, 226 
Stikeman, J. C., 285, 295 
Stikeman, Mrs. W. J. C., 279 
Stirling, W. E., 62, 78, 199, 203, 269, 


Stockwood, D. T., V 1 
Stokes, B. D., 298 
Stone, F. H., 65 
Stone, F. R., 78, 84, 188, 193, 266, 282, 

Stone, R. A., 62, 290, 1-16 
Stone, R. R., 295 
Stone, W. L., II-3 
Stotesbury, E. N., 22, 23, 25 
Strachan, the Rt. Rev. J., 5, 16, 29, 262 
Stratford, G. K., 293 
Stratford, P. C., 195, 285, 286 
Strathy, A. D., 113 
Strathy, C. M. A., 178 
Strathy, F. S., 75 
Strathy, G. B., 48, 90, 101, 113, 153, 179, 

252, 262, 266, 275, 284, 290, 1-3, IV-3 
Strathy, G. H. K., 179, 282, 284 
Strathy, J. G. B., 161, 179, 111-10, IV-6 
Strathy, J. G. K., 161, 179, 248, 266 
Strathy, P. J., 288 
Strathy, R. A. C., 111-10 
Stratton, W. W., 98, 190, 266, 275, 296, 


Street, S. K., 298 
Strong, Mrs. G. M., 279 
Strong, W. G. M., 135 
Stuart, the Rev. Canon C. J. S., 53, 112, 


Sturgeon, Mrs. G., 274 

Sustaining Fund, 164, 252 

Sutherland, A. M., 74, 77, 79, II-5 

Sutherland, C. G., 198 

Sutherland,;. B. I., 135, 282, III-ll 

Sutton, D. M. C., 282, 294 

Svenningson, W. B., 292 

Swan, F. L., 18 

Sweatman, the Most Rev. A., 262 

Sweatman, Mrs. A., 256 

Sweeny, the Most Rev. J. F., 214, 262 

Sweeting, Denis, 241 

Sweny, D. G., 178, 111-14 

Sweny, R., 289 

Sweny, Brig. Gen. W. F., 48 

Swimming, 159, 173, 176, 177, 222, 227, 


Syer, H. H., 289 
Syer.J.M., 290, 1-13 
Sylvan Glen, 234 
Symonds, Miss B. S., 81, 213, 223, 270, 

Symonds, the Rev. Herbert, 39, 51, 54, 

55, 58, 197, 244, 256, 263, 266, 268, 1-1 
Symonds, Mrs. H., 256, 279 
Symons, H. L., 61, 114, 195, 247, 266, 276, 

Symons, H. S. B., 284, 285, 111-10 
Symons, J.J., 136 
Symons, S. D. L., Ill 10 

Tamplin, M. J., 286 

Tanner, E. H., 266 

Tanner, W. H. R., 277 

Tate.C.I.P., 133, 172,292 

Taylor, C. M., 150, 151, 162, 194, 282, 

285, 293, 111-12, 13 
Taylor, C. P. B., 195, 293, 111-10 
Taylor, E. P., 266 
Taylor, E. W., 124, 292 
Taylor, G. B., 78, 111-12 
Taylor, H., 11,288 
Taylor, H. J., 1-7 
Taylor, H. M., 247, 276 
Taylor, the Rev. H. N., 149, 155, 271 
Taylor, I. H., 211, 236 
Taylor, J.S., 291, 296 
Taylor, J. W., 272, IV-13 
Taylor, P. K. H., 241 
Taylor, T. L., 78, 85, 168, 253, 254, 266, 

277, 296, II-9, 10 
Taylor, W. L., 60, 290, II-3 


Temple, G. C., 272 

Temple, William, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 70 

ten Broek, E. H., 172, 282, 294 

Tennis, 123, 147, 177, 217, 236 

Tessier, A., 147, 148, III-9, 12, 16 

Thetford, G. A., 77, 296, II-5 

Thorn, A. D., 177, V-2 

Thompson, Mrs. Gaius, 260, 279 

Thompson, H. E., 148 

Thompson, J. C., 278 

Thompson, J. S. D., 84, 291, 292, 296, 

Thompson, M. G. G., 241, 286, 294, V-l 

Thompson, N. F., 148, 230, 232, 287, 293, 
296, 297, III-9 

Thompson, R. H., 272 

Thomson, G. M., 295 

Thorne, H. S., 1-13 


Tice, F. B. C., 165, 294, IV-2 

Timmins, J. R., 158, IV-2 

Timmins, R. N., 151, 293 

Tinney, Miss Mary, 272 

Tippet, the Rev. R. S., 73, 155, 270, 11-14 

Tittemore, R. J., 295 

Todd, Brig. P. A. S., 266 

Toole, W. J. A., 277, 282 

Topping, F.V., 119 

Torney, G. R., 202, 203 

Toronto, Bishop of, 80, 89, 192 

Toronto Church School, 51 

Toronto Cricket Club, 189 

Toronto Diocese, Chancellor of, 90 

Toronto, University of, 32, 64, 83, 84, 
100, 115, 124, 140, 180, 184, 188 

Toronto Zingari Cricket Club, 62 

Tottenham, C. J., 121, 142, 143, 228-42, 
271, 274, II-6, V-7 

Tottenham, Mrs. C. J., 228 

Tottenham, C. J., 284, 295, V-5 

Towle, R. M. L., V-5 

Townley, the Rev. Adam, 4 

Track, Ontario Championships, 111 

Tracy, G. L., 284, 285 

Travers, R. W., 288 

Tremayne, H. O., 288 

Trinity College, 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 11, 14, 16, 
17, 28, 30, 35, 36, 37, 40, 41, 54, 57, 70, 
83, 87, 95, 100, 143, 155, 162, 179, 182, 
187, 192, 223, 224, 257 

Trinity House, 92, 98, 101, 134, 221, 259 

T.C.S. Association, 119, 169, 191, 243, 
246, 253, 254; Presidents, 277, 278 

T.C.S. "Freedom Station", 136 

T.C.S. Fund, 168, 169, 253 
T.CS.News, 191,253 
T.C.S. Register, 301 -51 
T.C.S. Rovers (Cricket), 37, 45, 244 
Trinity University, 80 
Trott, N. P., V-2 

Trowsdale, W. W., 166, 294, IV-16 
Truax, C. H., 78, 111, 11-11, 13 
Tucker, G. S., 39, 291 
Tucker, H. J., 35, 36, 37 
Tucker, P. B., 289 
Tucker, Dr. W. E., 281, 289 
Tuck Road, 66, 83 

Tuck Shop, 21, 38, 39, 53, 81, 126, 147, 
226, 1-9 
Tuer, P. F., 284 
Tuer, Miss J., 269 
Turcot, J. P., 277 
Turnbull, J. H., 11-10 
Turner, H.R., 291 
Turner, M. A., 295 
Tyler, F.W., 268,1-11 


Union Pacific Railway, 34 

University of Toronto Schools, 77, 93, 
159, 160, 190 

U.S. Open Squash Championship, 166 

Upper Canada College, 3, 14, 28, 38, 52, 
59, 60, 61, 77, 84, 95, 100, 105, 109, 124, 
127, 128, 135, 140, 148, 158, 159, 160, 
165, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 189, 191, 

Upper Canada Rebellion, 1837, 4 

Urch, R., 61 


Usborne, P. R., 287, 292, II-9 

Usborne, T. H., 298 

Vallance, G. V., 284, 111-10 
VandenBergh, R. L., 151 
Van der Zwaan, R. F., 282 
Van Ettan, J. A., 289 
Vanier, His Excellency Georges, 2, 192, 

Van Koughnet, M. S., 288 
Vanstone, J. A. H., 177, 295, 297, V-3 
van Straubenzee, A. A., 278 
van Straubenzee, Sir C. C., 48 
van Straubenzee, C. C., Ill 10 
Vaughan, W. M., 96, 98, 107, 292, 11-16 
V.E. Day, 1945, 144 



Vernon, A. A. Harcourt, 67, 81, 90, 245, 
246, 247, 266, 291 
Vernon, G. P., 293 
Vernon, H. E. Harcourt, 90 
Vernon, H. H., 290, 111-10, 14 
Vernon, J. A. H., 294 
Vernon, W. J., V-2 
Verral, J. W. M., 166, IV-16 
Vibert, W. E., 291 
Victory Reunion, 1946, 145 
Vincent, Archbishop of Moosonee, 31 
Vipond, J. F., 195 
Vipond, J. R., 223 
Vivian, G. W., 198 
Vivian, Dr. R. P., 116,271 
Voght, A. F., 61, 66,11-3 


Waddington, N. R., 273, V-3 
Wade, T. M., 144, 278, 293, 111-15 
Wadsworth, C., 198 
Wainwright, A. B., 295 
Waldie, I. S., 292 
Walker, D. A., 140, 293, III-9 
Walker, H. F., 293 
Walker, R. C. S., 282, 285 
Walker, R. E., 288 
Wallace, A. L., 39 
Wallace, C. S., 20 
Wallace, H. C., 77 
Wallace, H. L., II-5 
Wallace, J. A. G., 124, 292 
Wallbridge, J. D., II-7 
Waller, J.C., 291 
Walsh, W.B., 1-13 
Walters, D. A., V 7 
Warburton, J. A., 124, 287, 292, 296 
Ward, Mrs., 256 
Ward, H., 24 
Ward, H. A., 266 
Ward Homestead, 18, 30, 31 
Warden, J. G., 11-10 
Warden, W. G., 96 
Wardman, G. A., 188, 295 
Warner, R. G., 272 

Warner, W. M., 177, 295, 296, IV-11, 
V-3, 5 

Warren, H. D., 266 
Warren, Mrs. H. D., 256 
Warren, J. R. H., 289 

War Memorial and Endowment Fund, 

142, 147 

War Savings Stamps, 132 
Watchorn, C. L. F., 176, 282, 285, 295, 


Waters, D.M.. 78 
Waters, J.G., 135,111-11 
Watson, E. M., 42, 44, 45, 46, 268 
Watts, H. G., 158, 159, 160, 161, 285, 287, 

293, 297, IV-2, 4 
Watts, R. L., 148, 162, 282, 284, 286, 293, 

III-9, 12, 13, 14 
Watts, W. T., 291 
Weeks, C. J., V-15 
Weitbrecht, F. J., 67, 269, 111-14 
Welch, the Rev. E. A., 262 
Wellesley, Arthur, Duke of Wellington, 


Wellington Scholar, 84, 95, 115 
Wells, A. C. B., 148, 188, III-9 
Wells, B. G., 294 
Wells, D. M., 295 
Wells, J. G., 296 
Welsford, H. W., 151,188 
West, C. C., IV-2 
West, R. T., 98, 11-16 
Western New York, Bishop of, 87 
Western Tours, 114, 247 
Westinghouse, G. M., 287, 295 
Westminster School, 58, 130 
Weston, 1, 4, 5, 7, 9, 13, 14, 18, 19, 20, 34, 

38, 39, 76, 77, 154, 178 
Weston Church School, 5 
Weston Years, 1-17 
Wevill, D. A., 196 
Wheeler, Gen. Sir E. O., 194, 282, 285, 

287, 290 

Whitaker, the Rev. George, 17, 262 
White, A. E., 272 
White, G. D., 155 
White,J. K., 273, IV-13 
White, W. H., 281, 283, 289 
Whitehead, R. L. W., 107, 195 
Whitehead, W. T., 98, 287, 292, IV-11, 

12, V-7 

Whitney, Forbes, 8, 130 
Whitton, Mrs. Greta, 279 
Wigle, D. H., 107, 287, 292 
Wigle, F. E., 85, 287, 292, II-9 
Wigle, G. E., 174, 175, V-l 
Wigle, W. M., 77, 298, II-5 
Wilding, the Rev. T. D., 155, 293, IV-10 
Wilkes, A. B., 287, 290 
Wilkes, G. S., 287, 289 

3 8o 


Wilkes, M. F., 282 

Wilkie, C. S., 42, 289 

Wilkin, Miss Edith, 272 

Wilkin, Mrs. J. F., 106, 272 
Wilkinson, the Rt. Rev. F. H., 192, 262 
Willcox, F., 218, 274 
Williams, Col. A. T. H., 18, 30, 38, 266 
Williams, B. W., 277 
Williams, D. J., 273, 275 
Williams, D. P., 238 
Williams, J.D., 178,111-14 
Williams, L. T. W., 289, 1-10 
Williams, Miss N., 271 
Williams, Major General V. A. S., 45 
Williamson, Miss C. (Mrs. A. J. D. John- 
son), 271 
Williamson, J. P., 234, 282, 284, 285, 293, 

III 12 

Willingdon, Lord and Lady, 89, III-2 
Willis, E. F., V-15 
Willis, J. S., 282, 284 
Willis, R. T., 178, 295, V-2, 15 
Willoughby, D. M., 294, 298 
Willows, A. O. D., 295 
Wilmot, Mrs. E., 257 
Wilson, David, 271 
Wilson, the Rev. Henry, 266 
Wilson, Mrs. H. B., 170, 273 
Wilson, J.F., 288, 1-7 
Wilson, J.R..V-3 
Wilson, R., 78, 291 
Wilson, R. B., 291 
Wilson, R. I., 288 
Wilson, Ross, 266, 287, 296 
Wilson, R.J., 11,1-6 
Wilson, S. R., 295, V-2 
Wilson, T. A., 172, 191, 273 
Wily, G. B., 292, 11-10 
Winder, E. D., 295 
Winder, E. Melville, 266 
Wing, D. B., 273, V-14 
Winnett, A. R., 84, 227 
Winnett, A. R., 166, 253, 266, 276, 294, 

II-9, 11, IV-12, 16 
Winnipeg Free Press, 244 
Winspear, W. W., 285, 111-10 
Wise, H. E., 288 
Wisener, R. A., 293 
Wismer, J. S., 148, 178, 111-14 
Wood, C. E. D., 267. 288 
Wood, D. M., 286 
Wood, R. M., 148, 178, III-9 
Woodcock, J. R., 177, V-2 

Woods, J. B. A., 236 

Woods, R. D. B., 273 

Woodstock, 86, 87, 89, 220, 221, 259 

Woolley, C. A., 159, 294, IV-10 

Woolley, P. D., V-7 

Woolverton, F. T., 289 

Wootton, H. H., 288 

World Championship (Bob Sled), 196 

World War I, 65, 69, 73, 74, 78, 80, 87, 

123, 145, 157, 180, 212, 245, 259 
World War II, 104, 119, 123-45, 171, 180, 

194, 195, 251 

Worrall, J. M., 176, 295, V-1S 
Worrell, the Rev. C. L., 9, 21, 22, 108, 

247, 275, 281, 283 
Worrell, J. A., 9, 11, 35, 90, 262, 266, 267, 

Worsfold, H. H., 269 
Worthington, J. M. W., 11-11 
Wotherspoon, A. S., IV 12 
Wotherspoon, G. D. de S., IV 5 
Wotherspoon, H. C., 251 
Wotherspoon, Mrs. M. C., 259 
Wotherspoon, R. B., 85, II-9, IV-5 
Wotherspoon, R. H. de S., IV-12 
Wotherspoon, S. F. M., 11-10, IV-5 
Wrestling, 62, 199 
Wright, A. C., 295, V-10 
Wright, Mrs. J. Stanley, 106, 271, 275 
Wright, K. H., 158, 232, 293, 297, IV-7 
Wright, M. E., 234, 111-12 
Wright, the Most Rev. W. L., 192 
Wurtele, P. T., 233, V-5 
Wycliffe College, 180, 182 
Wynn, C. N., 270, 274, 11-14 
Wynne, R. F., III-7 

Yale, J. E., 161, 165, 294, IV-4 


Yates, J. R., 178, 295 

Yates, R. F., 113, 143, 223-228, 271, 274 

Young, Prof. A. H., 266 

Young, C., 39 

Young, M. C. de B., 75, 282, 287, 291 

Young, Martin F., 286, III-7 

Young, R. I. K., 294, II-ll, IV-16 

Zimmerman, T. W., 241 
Zuill, E. E., 158, 295, 297 

ill 31